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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book summarizes theory and discusses major issues pertaining to child development in the early childhood years. Chapter I provides an introduction to the conceptual framework and major theories of child development. Chapter II deals with motor, sensory, and perceptual development. Chapter III focuses on the cognitive-developmental theory of…

Peters, Donald L.; Willis, Sherry L.

2

Tooth decay - early childhood  

MedlinePLUS

Bottle mouth; Bottle carries; Baby bottle tooth decay; Early childhood caries (ECC) ... chap 304. Ribeiro NM, Ribeiro MA. Breastfeeding and early childhood caries: a critical review. J Pediatr (Rio J). ...

3

Models of Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Inspired by the High/Scope educational approach, this book attempts to systematically and objectively compare different curriculum-based approaches to training early childhood teachers, and to assess how these models could individually and collectively address the problem of improving early childhood program quality nationwide. An analytical and…

Epstein, Ann S.; And Others

4

Quality in Action = Te Mahia Whai Hua: Implementing the Revised Statement of Desirable Objectives and Practices in New Zealand Early Childhood Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing the contributions of quality early childhood education in providing a foundation for children's later learning and in supporting families, the New Zealand government developed Desirable Objectives and Practices (DOP), requirements to enhance quality in chartered early childhood programs. This publication was developed to assist…

Ministry of Education, Wellington (New Zealand).

5

Early Childhood Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood centers have become a common and necessary part of millions of Americans' lives. More women in the workforce, longer workweeks, and educational research supporting the importance of early education have all contributed to the rise of early childhood centers throughout the United States. Today, more than 30 percent of children…

Butin, Dan; Woolums, Jennifer

2009-01-01

6

Reframing Early Childhood Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rapid changes in Australian education have intensified the role of early childhood leaders and led to unprecedented challenges. The Australian Curriculum (ACARA, 2011), mandated Australian "National Quality Framework" (NQF) for Early Childhood Education & Care (DEEWR, 2010b) and the "National Early Years Learning Framework" (EYLF) (DEEWR, 2009)…

Stamopoulos, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

7

Reframing Early Childhood Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid changes in Australian education have intensified the role of early childhood leaders and led to unprecedented challenges. The Australian Curriculum (ACARA, 2011), mandated Australian "National Quality Framework" (NQF) for Early Childhood Education & Care (DEEWR, 2010b) and the "National Early Years Learning Framework" (EYLF) (DEEWR, 2009)…

Stamopoulos, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

8

Information on Early Childhood.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a set of documents on breast-feeding, immunization, prevention of childhood accidents, and early stimulation of infants and children. It contains information addressed to (1) policy makers; (2) academicians; (3) practitioners; and (4) mass m...

1980-01-01

9

Early Childhood Education Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses early childhood education programs: their goals; effectiveness; optimal timing, targeting, and content; and costs and benefits. Early intervention has significant short- and medium-term benefits: most notably it reduces grade repetition and special education costs, and provides quality child care. The effects are greatest for more disadvantaged children. Some model programs have produced exciting improvements in educational attainment

Janet Currie

2001-01-01

10

Rethinking Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Rethinking Early Childhood Education" is alive with the conviction that teaching young children involves values and vision. This anthology collects inspiring stories about social justice teaching with young children. Included here is outstanding writing from childcare teachers, early-grade public school teachers, scholars, and parents. This book…

Pelo, Ann, Ed.

2008-01-01

11

Perceptions of Early Childhood Assessment among Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to evaluate perceptions held by early childhood educators about the assessment process in their schools and to identify current assessment practices in early childhood settings in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. In February 2009, 230 early childhood educators completed surveys on the topic of assessment at an annual early

Hanes, Barbara Mongelli

2010-01-01

12

Perceptions of Early Childhood Assessment among Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was conducted to evaluate perceptions held by early childhood educators about the assessment process in their schools and to identify current assessment practices in early childhood settings in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. In February 2009, 230 early childhood educators completed surveys on the topic of assessment at an annual early

Hanes, Barbara Mongelli

2010-01-01

13

Early Childhood Library Specialist Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Early Childhood Library Specialist (ECLS) concept was first conceived as the Early Childhood Media Specialist, and was written into a proposal that included a curriculum for the training of such media specialists. Cognizant of the interrelationship of...

T. M. Young

1972-01-01

14

Early Childhood Library Specialist Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Early Childhood Library Specialist Program of the School of Library Science, at North Carolina Central University, was organized in 1970 and has the following purposes: (1) to train students to become effective practitioners of early childhood library...

T. Young

1971-01-01

15

Early Childhood Military Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does the country's national security rely on top-quality early childhood education? Yes, say the military leaders of Mission: Readiness, an organization led by retired military commanders that promotes investment in education, child health, and parenting support. Actually, the generals are right, but for all the wrong reasons. The generals' aim is…

Pelo, Ann

2011-01-01

16

Early Childhood Indicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recognizing the need to identify the level, nature, and impact of Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD) programs on children and their families, this theme issue of "Coordinators' Notebook" seeks to complement and further the international efforts at collecting information on ECCD for use at national and international levels. Following the…

Bartlett, Kathy; Zimanyi, Louise

2001-01-01

17

Early Childhood Screening Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of Minnesota's Early Childhood Screening (ECS) program is to identify normal aspects of a child's health and development while sorting out potential problems that need further evaluation. In addition, all parents are linked to resources in the school and community to enhance their child's development and their own parenting skills. This…

Luehr, Ruth Ellen; Hoxie, Ann

18

Early Childhood Trauma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood trauma generally refers to the traumatic experiences that occur to children aged 0-6. Because infants' and young children's reactions may be different from older children's, and because they may not be able to verbalize their reactions to threatening or dangerous events, many people assume that young age protects children from the…

National Child Traumatic Stress Network, 2010

2010-01-01

19

Early Childhood Development Workforce  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Productivity Commission’s report - Early Childhood Development Workforce – released 1 December 2011, finds that many more workers will be required in preschool and long day care. Full implementation of the reforms will require an estimated 15,000 more workers than would otherwise have been the case. On average, the level of workers' qualifications will also need to increase. The

20

Academisation of Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finnish early childhood education can be defined as practical educational activity, as a discipline, or as a field of science. This study focuses on the academic connections of early childhood education and concentrates on the identification of actors according to Bourdieu's field theory. The roots of academic early childhood education go back only a short way, to the 1970s. The

Sari Husa; Jarmo Kinos

2005-01-01

21

Ethnographic Knowledge for Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The policy brief "Ethnographic Knowledge for Early Childhood" details the contributions of current ethnographic research in the area of early childhood education. The brief's main purpose is to demonstrate how ethnography (as a methodology) helps us better understand the context of early childhood programs, the types of settings and resources…

Adair, Jennifer Keys

2010-01-01

22

Academisation of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finnish early childhood education can be defined as practical educational activity, as a discipline, or as a field of science. This study focuses on the academic connections of early childhood education and concentrates on the identification of actors according to Bourdieu's field theory. The roots of academic early childhood education go back…

Husa, Sari; Kinos, Jarmo

2005-01-01

23

EARLY CHILDHOOD PEREFCTIONISM  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine childhood perfectionism in anorexia nervosa (AN) restricting (RAN), purging (PAN), and binge eating with or without purging (BAN) subtypes. Method The EATATE, a retrospective assessment of childhood perfectionism, and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-2) were administered to 728 AN participants. Results EATATE responses revealed General Childhood Perfectionism, 22.3% of 333 with RAN, 29.2% of 220 with PAN, and 24.8% of 116 with BAN; School Work Perfectionism, 31.2% with RAN, 30.4% with PAN, and 24.8% with BAN; Childhood Order and Symmetry, 18.7% with RAN, 21.7% with PAN, and 17.8% with BAN; and Global Childhood Rigidity, 42.6% with RAN, 48.3% with PAN and 48.1% with BAN. Perfectionism preceded the onset of AN in all subtypes. Significant associations between EDI-2 Drive for Thinness and Body Dissatisfaction were present with four EATATE subscales. Discussion Global Childhood Rigidity was the predominate feature that preceded all AN subtypes. This may be a risk factor for AN.

Halmi, Katherine A.; Bellace, Dara; Berthod, Samantha; Ghosh, Samiran; Berrettini, Wade; Brandt, Harry A.; Bulik, Cynthia M.; Crawford, Steve; Fichter, Manfred M.; Johnson, Craig L.; Kaplan, Allan; Kaye, Walter H.; Thornton, Laura; Treasure, Janet; Woodside, D. Blake; Strober, Michael

2012-01-01

24

Early Childhood Caries  

PubMed Central

Dental caries is one of the most common childhood diseases, and people continue to be susceptible to it throughout their lives. Although dental caries can be arrested and potentially even reversed in its early stages, it is often not self-limiting and progresses without proper care until the tooth is destroyed. Early childhood caries (ECC) is often complicated by inappropriate feeding practices and heavy infection with mutans streptococci. Such children should be targeted with a professional preventive program that includes oral hygiene instructions for mothers or caregivers, along with fluoride and diet counseling. However, these strategies alone are not sufficient to prevent dental caries in high-risk children; prevention of ECC also requires addressing the socioeconomic factors that face many families in which ECC is endemic. The aim of this paper is to systematically review information about ECC and to describe why many children are suffering from dental caries.

Kawashita, Yumiko; Kitamura, Masayasu; Saito, Toshiyuki

2011-01-01

25

Early Childhood Systems: Transforming Early Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this seminal volume, leading authorities strategize about how to create early childhood systems that transcend politics and economics to serve the needs of all young children. The authors offer different interpretations of the nature of early childhood systems, discuss the elements necessary to support their development, and examine how…

Kagan, Sharon Lynn, Ed.; Kauertz, Kristie, Ed.

2012-01-01

26

Epidemiology in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood educators are keen observers of young children, and as such are important sources of information about the health and safety of young children. This paper discusses the importance to quality early childhood programs of an epidemiological approach to those observations. Surveillance is described using examples from the literature on preschoolers’ unintentional injuries. Basic epidemiological measurements (count, rate, incidence,

Rene R. Gratz

1994-01-01

27

Wyoming Early Childhood Readiness Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because children entering kindergarten come with a variety of preschool and home experiences, and accordingly, with varying levels of school readiness, the Wyoming Early Childhood Readiness Standards have been developed to provide a more consistent definition of school readiness. The goal for the Standards is to provide early childhood educators…

Wyoming State Dept. of Education, Cheyenne.

28

Early Childhood Depression  

PubMed Central

Although empirical evidence has recently validated clinical depression in children as young as age 3, few data are available to guide treatment of early childhood depression. Considering this gap in the literature, a novel dyadic psychotherapeutic model, Parent Child Interaction Therapy–Emotion Development, based on a well-known and effective manualized treatment for disruptive preschoolers, is currently being tested for use in depression. To balance safety and efficacy, dyadic developmental approaches are currently recommended as the first line of treatment for preschool depression. In the absence of data on the safety and efficacy of antidepressants in preschool depression, these agents are not recommended as a first- or second-line treatment at this time. This article provides an illustrative case example of preschool depression, outlines key considerations in differential diagnosis, and describes this novel form of treatment. It also clarifies parameters for the rare situations in which antidepressants may be tried when psychotherapeutic options fail and depression is severe and impairing.

Luby, Joan L

2010-01-01

29

Early Predictors of Intractable Childhood Epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction : Intractable epilepsies (IE) contribute to a small but significant component of all epilepsies in childhood. There is paucity of data regarding early predictors and magnitude of IE in Indian children. Early identification and intervention will go a long way in improving their outcome. Objectives : (1) To study the clinical profile, aetiopathogenesis and outcome of IE (2) To

Manoj Gulabrao Patil; Sushma Malik; Surekha Joshi; Mona Gajre

2009-01-01

30

Identifying Risk for Obesity in Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES.Our aim with this study was to assist clinicians by estimating the predic- tive value of earlier levels of BMI status on later risk of overweight and obesity during the middle childhood and early adolescent years. METHODS.We present growth data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, a longitudinal

Philip R. Nader; Marion O'Brien; Renate Houts; Robert Bradley; Jay Belsky; Robert Crosnoe; Sarah Friedman; Zuguo Mei; Elizabeth J. Susman

2010-01-01

31

Researching Early Childhood Education: European Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time when crucial questions concerning the nature of early childhood and early childhood education are being increasingly examined worldwide, an exploration of the issues, priorities, and methodologies of research in early childhood education may provide valuable material for debate. This book focuses on research in early childhood education…

David, Tricia, Ed.

32

Early Childhood Assessment: Recent Advances  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood assessment and evaluation has become increasingly important over the last several years. This paper reviews recent advances, discusses several of the most well known assessment devices and provides information regarding their use, reliability and validity.

Michael F. Shaughnessy; Dan Greathouse

1997-01-01

33

Some philosophical problems in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clearly, a problem of goals and structure exists for us in the early childhood classroom. It exists not only in the obviously bad schools (which are in the minority) but also in those staffed by conscientious, well-meaning individuals. Increasingly, teachers are not sure what the objectives of the preschool are and they do not know how these objectives lead into

Walter Ott

1978-01-01

34

Early Childhood Special Music Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The process of early intervention is a critical component of Early Childhood Special Music Education. Early intervention is the process of providing services, education, and support to young children who have disabilities or to children who are at-risk of developing needs that may affect their physical, cognitive, or emotional development. The…

Darrow, Alice-Ann

2011-01-01

35

Early childhood caries and childhood periodontal diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dental caries and periodontal diseases are one of the most prevalent diseases affecting adults and children in industrialized\\u000a countries. The major causative factor in both diseases is the microbial biofilm (dental plaque) formed on teeth and oral epithelial\\u000a surfaces, and early childhood caries and periodontal diseases are both plaque-induced infectious diseases caused by endogenous\\u000a bacteria. However, it is also evident

Shigenobu Kimura; Yuko Ohara-Nemoto

36

Invest in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of American early education is one of changing roles and goals. As federal engagement in early childhood has shifted in response to social, political, and economic needs, few policy efforts have focused on long-term planning or coordination. The authors identify the appropriate roles of federal, state, and local governments and make 13…

Kagan, Sharon Lynn; Reid, Jeanne L.

2009-01-01

37

Invest in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The history of American early education is one of changing roles and goals. As federal engagement in early childhood has shifted in response to social, political, and economic needs, few policy efforts have focused on long-term planning or coordination. The authors identify the appropriate roles of federal, state, and local governments and make…

Kagan, Sharon Lynn; Reid, Jeanne L.

2009-01-01

38

Early Childhood Assessment: Recent Advances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews recent advances in early childhood assessment and evaluation. Discusses several well-known assessment devices for screening and intelligence testing and provides information regarding their use, reliability, and validity. Tests discussed include the Developmental Indicators for the Assessment of Learning-Revised, Early Screening Profiles,…

Shaughnessy, Michael F.; Greathouse, Dan

1997-01-01

39

Early Childhood Inclusion: A Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Today an ever-increasing number of infants and young children with and without disabilities play and learn together in a variety of places--homes, early childhood programs, and neighborhoods, to name a few. Promoting development and belonging for every child is a widely held value among early education and intervention professionals and…

Young Exceptional Children, 2009

2009-01-01

40

Reported Research Funding in Four Early Childhood Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Funding for research in the area of early childhood is an ongoing challenge. The present research objective was to identify the frequency of acknowledgment of federal funding in articles published by four leading early childhood journals from 1999 to 2008. We conducted a content analysis of 1,338 publications found in "Early Child Development and…

Walsh, Bridget A.; Sanchez, Claudia

2010-01-01

41

Early Childhood Technology Literacy Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the Montgomery County Public Schools is designed to help parents, teachers, specialists, and instructional assistants "integrate technology into instruction and increase early childhood students' skills in reading and writing." The site offers highly integrated and professional materials for teaching early childhood reading, including lesson plans, training resources, suggested software, resources to help parents, links, and additional pertinent materials. The entire site is searchable. Funded by the Technology Literacy Challenge Fund, the Literacy Project (of which the Website is only a part) appears to be a model of how technology, and the Internet in particular, can be applied to very specific educational aims.

42

School Involvement in Early Childhood.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Increased school involvement in early childhood has raised questions about the role of public schools with preschool children and the effects of public pre-kindergarten on children and on Head Start and private preschool care and education programs. The N...

D. Hinkle

2000-01-01

43

The Early Childhood Coaching Handbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evidence-based and highly effective, "coaching" helps early childhood practitioners support other professionals and families as they enhance existing knowledge, develop new skills, and promote healthy development of young children. This hands-on guide shows professionals how to conduct skillful coaching in any setting--home, school, or community.…

Rush, Dathan D.; Shelden, M'Lisa L.

2011-01-01

44

Early Childhood Education at Home.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlined is a Title III early childhood at home project which involves a team approach to the education of 40 handicapped and 75 nonhandicapped rural, disadvantaged children, their parents, and/or babysitters in West Virginia. It is noted that four teams consisting of a teacher and paraprofessionals visit homes to instruct baby sitters or parents…

Richards, Mary JoAnn

45

Early Childhood: Child, Teacher, Parent  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The field of early childhood holds promising keys to unlocking many of the mysteries in learning. Educators in the field, given the right tools, have the potential to have a profound impact on the long-term success of their students. The design of this curriculum comes directly out of the incredible possibilities set in motion while exploring…

Baroody, Christie

2006-01-01

46

Early Childhood Educator's Nutrition Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This nutrition handbook is designed to provide enough information on nutrition and food habits to enable early childhood educators to add a nutrition dimension to children's learning activities. Topics covered are the role of nutrition in growth during the preschool years; nutrients and their functions; selecting a healthy diet; common nutritional…

Olson, Christine; And Others

47

Early Childhood Education. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This newsletter includes five articles on early childhood education and young children, with particular reference to poor and minority children. "Scientific Literacy Is Child's Play" (Hilaria Bauer) discusses the natural development of scientific literacy in young children through their construction of knowledge and play. "Children of America,…

IDRA Newsletter, 1996

1996-01-01

48

Boys' Bodies in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is based on qualitative research data from a project investigating early childhood boys' constructions of masculinities in relation to sport, health and the body. The focus group data, with 33 boys, has been collected in each of the boys' first three years at school. It is part of the data that will be collected over eight years with…

Drummond, Murray

2012-01-01

49

The Early Childhood Coaching Handbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence-based and highly effective, "coaching" helps early childhood practitioners support other professionals and families as they enhance existing knowledge, develop new skills, and promote healthy development of young children. This hands-on guide shows professionals how to conduct skillful coaching in any setting--home, school, or community.…

Rush, Dathan D.; Shelden, M'Lisa L.

2011-01-01

50

Motor Activity for Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Articles included in this journal are a report on the President's Conference on Early Childhood Education entitled "The Young Child: The Significance of Motor Development" by Delores M. Curtis; A Real Look at the Young Child by Lolas E. Halverson; What Movement Means to a Young Child by Keturah E. Whitehouse; Who Says the Young Child Can't by…

American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

51

Early childhood teachers' thoughts and practices about the use of computers in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to determine the thoughts and practices of early childhood teachers about the use of computers in early childhood education. The study has been carried out with 100 early childhood teachers who attended to a seminar about the early childhood education in Eski?ehir and Afyon. To collect data, a “General Information Form” was used to determine the

Özlem Yurt; Nilgün Cevher-Kalburan

2011-01-01

52

Teachers as Designers: Integrating Robotics in Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a constructionist approach to introducing technology, in particular robotics, in the early childhood classroom. The authors demonstrate how this approach is well suited, since the four basic tenets of constructionism have a long-standing tradition in early childhood education: (a) learning by designing meaningful projects to share in the community, (b) using concrete objects to build and explore

Marina U. Bers; Iris Ponte; Catherine Juelich; Alison Viera; Jonathan Schenker

2002-01-01

53

Early Childhood Education: Report of the Task Force on Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The result of the work of a special task force, the design for an early childhood education program for California is given which formulates goals, performance objectives, program content standards, and an evaluation system for an overall articulated program. Chapters are presented on: the rationale for change; parent-community involvement;…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

54

Clarifying Parent–Child Reciprocities During Early Childhood: The Early Childhood Coercion Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consistent with existing theory, the quality of parent–child interactions during early childhood affects children's social relationships and behavioral adjustment during middle childhood and adolescence. Harsh parenting and a propensity toward emotional overarousal interact very early in life to affect risk for later conduct problems. Less empirical work has evaluated the emergence of early childhood coercive parent–child reciprocities. The proposed early

Laura V. Scaramella; Leslie D. Leve

2004-01-01

55

Early childhood programs and the education system  

PubMed Central

Policy makers, advocates and experts agree that the current delivery of early childhood development programs is fragmented. Many point to the education system as a better alternative for a more coherent approach that has the necessary infrastructure in place in communities, and is well placed to meet the needs of all young children and their families. In other jurisdictions, early childhood development programs have moved into education. In Canada, provincial and local school authorities are taking on more early childhood programs.

Beach, Jane; Bertrand, Jane

2009-01-01

56

International Handbook of Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of two introductory essays in this handbook presents a historical perspective on international early childhood education; the second provides a cross-national analysis of themes in late 20th century child care and early education. The bulk of the document consists of essays that review early childhood, preschool, primary, or elementary…

Woodill, Gary A., Ed.; And Others

57

Narrative Identity and Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An intensification of interest in early childhood by government, parents, and employers, focuses primarily on the provision of private early childhood education services outside of the home. With a focus on New Zealand, the paper argues that the form of early education now promoted is a particular form of care and education that moves children…

Farquhar, Sandy

2012-01-01

58

Early Childhood Development Policy Advances in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Knowledge of the history and development of early childhood development in Uganda is paramount if we are to know how far we have come and where we are going. This article explores the introduction of early childhood development in Ugandan policy and government interventions from 1960 to 2011. Data was obtained from a review of available early

Ejuu, Godfrey

2012-01-01

59

International Handbook of Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The first of two introductory essays in this handbook presents a historical perspective on international early childhood education; the second provides a cross-national analysis of themes in late 20th century child care and early education. The bulk of the document consists of essays that review early childhood, preschool, primary, or elementary…

Woodill, Gary A., Ed.; And Others

60

What is remembered about early childhood events?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost 100 years ago, Freud identified infantile or childhood amnesia, the difficulty that most adults have remembering events from their first years of life. Recent research in cognitive psychology has in fact demonstrated a paucity of verbal memories of early life experiences. Although Freud believed that childhood memories are repressed, modern explanations for childhood amnesia focus instead on cognitive and

David B. Pillemer

1998-01-01

61

Exploring the Quality of Early Childhood Education in China: Implications for Early Childhood Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following article introduces an exploratory study that was designed to measure the quality of early childhood education within its ever changing sociocultural context utilizing the Early Childhood Learning Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) in 40 classrooms in Beijing, China. Implications for early childhood teacher education, including the education of children with exceptional needs are addressed along with recommendations for future

Bi Ying Hu; Judit Szente

2009-01-01

62

The Development of Early Childhood Education in Rural Areas in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education has developed greatly in rural areas in China since the 1980s. Recognising the status of early childhood education as "the foundation of basic education", the authorities in China have set up challenging objectives for rural areas. However, the development of early childhood education in these areas has been facing…

Zhao, Lin; Hu, Xinyun

2008-01-01

63

45 CFR 1304.21 - Education and early childhood development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Education and early childhood development. 1304.21 Section...GRANTEE AND DELEGATE AGENCIES Early Childhood Development and Health Services § 1304.21 Education and early childhood development. (a) Child...

2010-10-01

64

45 CFR 1304.21 - Education and early childhood development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Education and early childhood development. 1304.21 Section...GRANTEE AND DELEGATE AGENCIES Early Childhood Development and Health Services § 1304.21 Education and early childhood development. (a) Child...

2009-10-01

65

45 CFR 1304.21 - Education and early childhood development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Education and early childhood development. 1304.21...AND DELEGATE AGENCIES Early Childhood Development and Health Services...21 Education and early childhood development. (a) Child...present environment and with later responsibilities in...

2007-10-01

66

45 CFR 1304.21 - Education and early childhood development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Education and early childhood development. 1304.21...AND DELEGATE AGENCIES Early Childhood Development and Health Services...21 Education and early childhood development. (a) Child...present environment and with later responsibilities in...

2006-10-01

67

45 CFR 1304.21 - Education and early childhood development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Education and early childhood development. 1304.21...AND DELEGATE AGENCIES Early Childhood Development and Health Services...21 Education and early childhood development. (a) Child...present environment and with later responsibilities in...

2008-10-01

68

45 CFR 1304.21 - Education and early childhood development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Education and early childhood development. 1304.21...AND DELEGATE AGENCIES Early Childhood Development and Health Services...21 Education and early childhood development. (a) Child...present environment and with later responsibilities in...

2005-10-01

69

45 CFR 1304.21 - Education and early childhood development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Education and early childhood development. 1304.21...AND DELEGATE AGENCIES Early Childhood Development and Health Services...21 Education and early childhood development. (a) Child...present environment and with later responsibilities in...

2004-10-01

70

Early Childhood Teacher Education in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews early childhood teacher education in the People's Republic of China in the past years and raises the issues about teacher's education in the future. With thinking about early childhood education reform in China, unevenness in development in different areas and regions, and disparity in resources and programming among teacher…

Zhu, Jiaxiong

2008-01-01

71

Governing Early Childhood Education through Play  

Microsoft Academic Search

Play serves as a significant nodal point in the discursive relations of early childhood education. The aim of this article is to ask how play has come to appear so necessary to early childhood educational settings and how this perceived necessity governs the behaviour of both adults and young children. To do this the author make use of concepts provided

JO AILWOOD

2003-01-01

72

Early Childhood Education: Training for the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

*Paper presented at the Early Childhood Education Conference at the University of British Columbia.This presentation focuses on future needs for training Early Childhood Educators. In addition to current emphasis on cognitive preparation for success in schools, increased emphasis must be given to create nurturing teachers who, in cooperation with families, will assist the youngest citizens to set a firm foundation

Alice Sterling Honig

1996-01-01

73

Early Childhood Education: Society and Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book aims to provide research-based evidence that links theory and research to practice in early childhood settings. Different ways of constructing learning in contrasting settings are explored through the analysis of research in early childhood contexts in the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand. The cross-national focus extends the…

Anning, Angela, Ed.; Cullen, Joy, Ed.; Fleer, Marilyn, Ed.

2004-01-01

74

Memory for Traumatic Experiences in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traumatic experiences in early childhood raise important questions about memory development in general and about the durability and accessibility of memories for traumatic events in particular. We discuss memory for early childhood traumatic events, from a developmental perspective, focusing on those factors that may equally influence memories…

Cordon, Ingrid M.; Pipe, Margaret-Ellen; Sayfan, Liat; Melinder, Annika; Goodman, Gail S.

2004-01-01

75

Moving beyond Colorblindness in Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Countering the position that colorblindness is desirable for teachers and children, this article encourages early childhood education teachers to engage in conversations about race and racism with young children. We discuss why the early childhood years are important for interrupting racism and make suggestions for helping children develop tools…

Boutte, Gloria Swindler; Lopez-Robertson, Julia; Powers-Costello, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

76

Predictors of Academic Achievement During Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research in the area of academic achievement has expanded over the past several years, questions about the individual and social factors, especially in early childhood, remain unanswered. The purpose of this study is to examine to what extent parents and teacher\\/school’s social capital and resource capital predict academic achievement in early childhood. It is also the purpose of this

Bethanne McKenna Schlee

2007-01-01

77

Critical Issues in Early Childhood Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Effective teaching leads to positive student outcomes, and professional development for early childhood teachers is key to improving both. But what exactly is meant by "professional development"? What effect does it have on school readiness? Which models and approaches really work? This is the book the early childhood field needs to take the…

Zaslow, Martha, Ed.; Martinez-Beck, Ivelisse, Ed.

2005-01-01

78

Accessible Family Involvement in Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Family involvement in early childhood classrooms benefits children, school staff, and families. The development of a strong relationship between early childhood programs and families is a critical component of developmentally appropriate practices. What strategies enable families to be full and active participants in their young children's…

Morrison, Johnetta W.; Storey, Pamela; Zhang, Chenyi

2011-01-01

79

Critical Issues in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book examines critical issues in early childhood education across a broad range of contexts. The issues explored are not only critical in terms of being fundamental to early childhood education but they are also critical in that they present ideas and utilize frameworks which are not traditional to the field. The topics under review include…

Yelland, Nicola, Ed.

2005-01-01

80

Early Childhood Care and Education in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides a history of early childhood care and education in pre- and postindependent India. Outlines current education schemes and examines the contribution of research to this area, suggesting that the current interaction between researcher and policymaker may result in more concrete promotion of early childhood programs. (TJQ)|

Verma, Amita

1994-01-01

81

Culture and the Early Childhood Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Culture and child development have been seen as two separate sources of early childhood curriculum. Essentially they are closely related, since culture heavily influences development. We can see the influence of culture on development. In looking at programs of early childhood education from different countries, we can also see how the culture of each country influences the content of the

Bernard Spodek; Olivia N. Saracho

1996-01-01

82

Early Childhood Education: Models for Expanding Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Different approaches for expanding quality early childhood education in the United States are investigated in this report. After a summary and an introduction, section 2 discusses the values and benefits associated with early childhood education programs. Section 3 provides a description of the workings of a public school-based system for 3- and…

Regenstein, Marsha; And Others

83

Accessible Family Involvement in Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family involvement in early childhood classrooms benefits children, school staff, and families. The development of a strong relationship between early childhood programs and families is a critical component of developmentally appropriate practices. What strategies enable families to be full and active participants in their young children's…

Morrison, Johnetta W.; Storey, Pamela; Zhang, Chenyi

2011-01-01

84

Online Early Childhood Professional Development: Selected Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood professional development opportunities are expanding rapidly throughout the country. With nearly 12 million children under the age of 5 in some kind of early childhood setting, there is an effort to increase the quality of care and education. In fact, 97% of states require child care professionals to commit to ongoing professional…

Olsen, Heather

2010-01-01

85

Early Childhood Education: History, Theory, and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this book, the author covers the history, theory, and practices that influence early childhood education along with an emphasis on infant and toddler care and education. He also presents a comparison of the conflict between education planners who support early childhood studies and state school systems whose cost-saving measures are…

Morgan, Harry

2006-01-01

86

Quality Measurement in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What constitutes quality in early childhood settings, and how can it best be measured with today's widely used tools and promising new approaches? Find authoritative answers in this book, a must-have for high-level administrators and policymakers as more and more states adopt early childhood Quality Rating and Improvement Systems. The most…

Zaslow, Martha, Ed.; Martinez-Beck, Ivelisse, Ed.; Tout, Kathryn, Ed.; Halle, Tamara, Ed.

2011-01-01

87

Internet Basics for Early Childhood Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides basic information for using the Internet, and discusses benefits of e-mail, World Wide Web, Internet search engines, Web sites, and listservs for early childhood educators. Notes how the Internet can facilitate research and communication with colleagues and parents and can be a teaching tool as well. Includes lists of early childhood Web…

Osborne, Jacquie

1998-01-01

88

The role of toys in early childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper investigates the close relationship between development and play in early childhood. The developmental theories of Piaget and Vygotsky will be looked at in conjunction with the play way learning approaches. The historical use of playway methods and toys in educational theories will be further developed citing the parallel works and philosophies of Froebell and Gijoobhai Badheka. Early childhood

Gayatri Menon

89

Early Childhood Education and Care in England.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes early childhood education reform policies in England based on recent report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Explores implications of these government reform initiatives for early childhood education in the United States. (Contains 39 references.) (PKP)

Lubeck, Sally

2001-01-01

90

Pretend Play in the Early Childhood Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents and summarizes recent resources related to pretend play in the early childhood classroom. These include "Contemporary Perspectives on Play in Early Childhood Education" by Olivia N. Sarachoe and Bernard Spodek; "Dramatic Play: Bring It Back" by Tammy Benson; and "The Importance of Being Playful" by Elena Bodrova and Deborah…

McEntire, Nancy

2009-01-01

91

Predicting obesity in early adulthood from childhood and parental obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of tracking of adiposity from childhood to early adulthood, and the risk of overweight in early adulthood associated with overweight in childhood and parental weight status in a cohort of children born in the mid-1970s.DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study.SUBJECTS: Approximately 155 healthy boys and girls born in Adelaide, South Australia, 1975–1976 and their parents.MEASUREMENTS: Height and

A M Magarey; L A Daniels; T J Boulton; R A Cockington

2003-01-01

92

No consensus on definition of early childhood caries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Question: Are there clear agreed definitions for early or severe childhood caries?Objective To review case definitions and clinical diagnostic criteria for early childhood caries (ECC) and severe ECC (S-ECC).Data sources MEDLINE 1966–1998, references from three previous reviews and one unpublished report.Study selection Studies were selected if they included children aged 1–5 years of age, described diagnostic criteria or case-definitions of

Peter Cleaton-Jones

2002-01-01

93

Infusing Early Childhood Mental Health into Early Intervention Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the process of enhancing early childhood mental health awareness and skills in non-mental health staff. The author describes a pilot training model, conducted the U.S. Army's Early Intervention Services, that involved: (a) increasing early childhood mental health knowledge through reflective readings, (b) enhancing…

Grabert, John C.

2009-01-01

94

Infusing Early Childhood Mental Health into Early Intervention Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the process of enhancing early childhood mental health awareness and skills in non-mental health staff. The author describes a pilot training model, conducted the U.S. Army's Early Intervention Services, that involved: (a) increasing early childhood mental health knowledge through reflective readings, (b) enhancing…

Grabert, John C.

2009-01-01

95

The Economics of Early Childhood Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What, pray tell, might the so-called "dismal science" of economics have to say about public investment in early childhood programs? Quite a bit, as it turns out. This report from the RAND Corporation takes an economic perspective on such investments, and its intent is to provide policymakers with a primer about "how economic analysis can help set agendas for early childhood policy and identify the economics benefits of targeting certain groups for help." Released in May 2008, the 48-page report draws on concepts including human capital theory and monetary "payoffs" from investments in early childhood programs. The report is divided into four chapters, including "Human Capital Theory" and "Implications for Early Childhood Policy". It's quite a compelling read, and it will be of interest to a broad range of persons working in fields such as early childhood development, economics, and public policy.

2008-01-01

96

Early childhood caries screening tools  

PubMed Central

Background Early childhood caries (ECC) is prevalent and consequential. Risk assessment tools have been proposed that can be used to identify children who require intensive interventions. In this study, the authors compare four approaches for identifying children needing early and intensive intervention to prevent or minimize caries experience for their accuracy and clinical usefulness. Methods The authors screened 229 predominantly low-income Hispanic children younger than 3 years with ECC and 242 without ECC by using the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry’s Caries-risk Assessment Tool (CAT) and the optional screening measure of culturing Streptococcus mutans. The authors compared four approaches (CAT, CAT minus socioeconomic status, CAT minus socioeconomic status plus mutans streptococci [MS] and MS alone) for accuracy and clinical usefulness. Results The results of the CAT demonstrated high sensitivity (100.0 percent) and negative predictive value (NPV) (100.0 percent) but low specificity (2.9 percent) and positive predictive value (PPV) (49.4 percent). The MS culture alone had the highest combination of accuracy and clinical usefulness (sensitivity, 86.5 percent; specificity, 93.4 percent; PPV, 92.5 percent; NPV, 87.9 percent). When we removed the socioeconomic status element, the CAT’s performance improved. Conclusions Salivary culture of MS alone in a population of young, low-income Hispanic children outperformed the CAT and variations on the CAT for test accuracy (sensitivity and specificity) and clinical usefulness (predictive values). Clinical Implications Screening for ECC by using salivary MS cultures and variations on the CAT are promising approaches for identifying children who need early and intensive intervention to prevent or minimize caries experience.

Yoon, Richard K.; Smaldone, Arlene M.; Edelstein, Burton L.

2013-01-01

97

The World Bank's View of Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores World Bank's view of early childhood as an example of the globalization of childhood, arguing that the Bank's policies exacerbate the gap between rich and poor nations and between rich and poor within countries, and affect children's lives adversely. Explores inherent contradictions of policies that draw on traditional Anglo-American…

Penn, Helen

2002-01-01

98

Temperament and Problem Behaviour during Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some evidence exists for the phenotypic association of problem behaviour in early childhood with temperament in infancy, but little is known about the genetic and environmental mechanisms mediating this association. At the ages of 14, 20, 24, and 36 months, mothers of twins completed the Colorado Childhood Temperament Inventory (CCTI; Buss & Plomin, 1984; Rowe & Plomin, 1977). At age

Stephanie Schmitz; David W. Fulker; Robert Plomin; Carolyn Zahn-Waxler; Robert N. Emde; John C. DeFries

1999-01-01

99

Managing Asthma in the Early Childhood Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asthma, one of the most common chronic disorders in childhood, affects more than seven million children in the United States, and is the third leading cause of hospitalization for children. Statistics like these make planning and preparing for asthma in the early childhood setting a high priority. With the high rates of asthma in the U.S. today,…

Graville, Iris

2011-01-01

100

Managing Asthma in the Early Childhood Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Asthma, one of the most common chronic disorders in childhood, affects more than seven million children in the United States, and is the third leading cause of hospitalization for children. Statistics like these make planning and preparing for asthma in the early childhood setting a high priority. With the high rates of asthma in the U.S. today,…

Graville, Iris

2011-01-01

101

Early Childhood Education in Societal Context: Teachers in Three Countries Speak about Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conducted in-depth interviews with early childhood teachers in Sweden, Russia, and United States as to their society's influence on early childhood education. Found differences in responses related to the macro-, meso-, and micro-levels of the societal system. Findings deepen understanding about multidimensional relationships between early

Carlson, Helen L.; And Others

1997-01-01

102

Implementation of the Integrated Early Childhood Policy in Senegal. Early Childhood and Family Policy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of a UNESCO-sponsored series of studies examining how integrated and coordinated early childhood policies are implemented, this case study focuses on Senegal's integrated early childhood policy. The case study examines the context for policy development and analyzes the structure and resources of the Ministry for the Family and Early

Rayna, Sylvie

103

Eco-Early Childhood Education: A New Paradigm of Early Childhood Education in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the early 1990s, university faculty members, early childhood educators, and preschool teachers in South Korea created a new paradigm for education. Eco-early childhood education uses an ecological point of view to reform existing child-centered education. This perspective proposes moving from child- to life-centered, individual- to…

Kim, Eunju; Lim, Jaetack

2007-01-01

104

Aboriginal early childhood education in Canada: Issues of context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Herein we provide a literature synthesis pertaining to the state of Aboriginal early childhood education in Canada. We identify key features of quality Aboriginal early childhood programs. The background and significance of early childhood education for Aboriginal peoples is explicated. Cultural compatibility theory is employed as the philosophical basis to conceptualize quality Aboriginal early childhood education. Based on this theoretical

Jane P Preston; Michael Cottrell; Terrance R Pelletier; Joseph V Pearce

2012-01-01

105

Choosing Furniture for an Early Childhood Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides guidelines for selecting furniture for early childhood settings. Discusses the role of taste, curriculum and space, quality and safety, and budget in making purchasing decisions. Delineates appropriate seat height and table height for children of different ages. (KB)

Meservey, Lynne

2000-01-01

106

Choosing Furniture for an Early Childhood Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides guidelines for selecting furniture for early childhood settings. Discusses the role of taste, curriculum and space, quality and safety, and budget in making purchasing decisions. Delineates appropriate seat height and table height for children of different ages. (KB)|

Meservey, Lynne

2000-01-01

107

The effectiveness of early childhood development programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

OverviewEarly childhood development is influenced by characteristics of the child, the family, and the broader social environment. Physical health, cognition, language, and social and emotional development underpin school readiness. Publicly funded, center-based, comprehensive early childhood development programs are a community resource that promotes the well-being of young children. Programs such as Head Start are designed to close the gap in

Laurie M Anderson; Carolynne Shinn; Mindy T Fullilove; Susan C Scrimshaw; Jonathan E Fielding; Jacques Normand; Vilma G Carande-Kulis

2003-01-01

108

Changing Views on Male Early Childhood Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the changing views on the role and status of male early childhood education teachers in the forties and fifties (male prohibition), the sixties and early seventies (the macho image), and the late seventies and early eighties (the age of androgyny).

Robinson, Bryan E.

1981-01-01

109

Resistance, Reproduction, Both, or Neither: Exploring the Influence of Early Childhood Professional Development Specialists on the Field of Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article details the findings from a qualitative study that explored the ways individuals who work with early childhood education (ECE) practitioners in professional development settings influenced those practitioners’ understandings of early childhood policy and early childhood systems. Defined as individuals who work in the professional development and early childhood policy, the professional development specialists in this study influenced ECE

Rebecca E. Gomez

2012-01-01

110

Object processing for action across childhood.  

PubMed

Human adults process and select the opportunities for action in their environment rapidly, efficiently, and effortlessly. While several studies have revealed substantial improvements in object recognition skills, motor abilities, and control over the motor system during late childhood, surprisingly little is known about how object processing for action develops during this period. This study addresses this issue by investigating how the ability to ignore actions potentiated by a familiar utensil develops between ages 6 and 10 years. It is the first study to demonstrate that (1) the mechanisms that transform a graspable visual stimulus into an object-appropriate motor response are in place by the sixth year of life and (2) graspable features of an object can facilitate and interfere with manual responses in an adult-like manner by this age. The results suggest that there may be distinct developmental trajectories for the ability to ignore motor responses triggered by visual affordances and the stimulus response compatibility effects typically assessed with Simon tasks. PMID:24128173

Dekker, Tessa M; Mareschal, Denis

2013-08-10

111

Abusive Early Child Rearing and Early Childhood Aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Childhood aggression is significant for children, their families, and the society because aggressive children often become violent adolescents. This article examines the relationship between maltreatment and early childhood aggression. Data are from a longitudinal study of maltreated and nonmaltreated children assessed as preschoolers and again at school age. The dependent variable is the child's teacher's rating of aggression at school

Roy C. Herrenkohl; M. Jean Russo

2001-01-01

112

Integrating Computer Technology in Early Childhood Education Environments: Issues Raised by Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to assess the educators' perspectives on the introduction of computer technology in the early childhood education environment. Fifty early childhood educators completed a survey and participated in focus groups. Parallels existed between the individually completed survey data and the focus group discussions. The…

Wood, Eileen; Specht, Jacqueline; Willoughby, Teena; Mueller, Julie

2008-01-01

113

Contemporary Perspectives on Early Childhood Curriculum. Contemporary Perspectives in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the curriculum in early childhood education is dramatically different from that at other levels of education, this volume seeks to clarify some of the issues related to early childhood curriculum development and its bases in both personal knowledge and knowledge from the different disciplines to achieve a "balanced curriculum."…

Saracho, Olivia N. Ed.; Spodek, Bernard, Ed.

114

Contemporary Perspectives on Early Childhood Curriculum. Contemporary Perspectives in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting that the curriculum in early childhood education is dramatically different from that at other levels of education, this volume seeks to clarify some of the issues related to early childhood curriculum development and its bases in both personal knowledge and knowledge from the different disciplines to achieve a "balanced curriculum."…

Saracho, Olivia N. Ed.; Spodek, Bernard, Ed.

115

Middle Ear and Respiratory Infections in Early Childhood and Their Association With Early Childhood Caries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the risk of early childhood caries (ECC) in children who had middle ear infections (MEI) or respiratory tract infections (RTI) during early childhood. Methods: Medicaid data from Michigan were analyzed for all continuously enrolled children born in 2001 for whom enrollment, medical, and dental claims were fi led during 2001-2004. Proportional

Sumer M. Alaki; Brian A. Burt; Susan L. Garetz

116

The Early Childhood Curriculum: Current Findings in Theory and Practice. Third Edition. Early Childhood Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Continuing pressures on all of education to fully prepare children for the role of citizen intensifies the need for early childhood educators to respond to the questions of what is taught and what content young children are learning. Designed as a resource for early childhood educators, this book offers an overview of various theories, research…

Seefeldt, Carol, Ed.

117

Early Childhood Development and E-Learning in Africa: The Early Childhood Development Virtual University Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the development and evaluation of the graduate-level Early Childhood Development Virtual University (ECDVU) programme in Sub-Saharan Africa from 2001 through to 2004. It outlines the history of the ECDVU and the establishing of a Sub-Saharan programme for future leaders in the early childhood field guided by the key…

Pence, Alan

2007-01-01

118

INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: THE EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT VIRTUAL UNIVERSITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the use of indigenous knowledge in development, and especially in early childhood development practices and policies. It examines the Early Childhood Development Virtual University (ECDVU) program, which provides distance education capacity building programs in Africa. In particular, the article describes the generative curriculum model in which students contribute to the learning process by bringing indigenous knowledge

Alan Pence

119

Ethical Conflicts in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated ethical conflicts in early childhood education as experienced by early education teachers. The study's focus was the themes and main interactive relationships involved in such conflicts. Twenty-six Finnish kindergarten and elementary teachers were asked to write about a real-life moral dilemma they had experienced in their…

Tirri, Kirsi

120

Seasonal Migration and Early Childhood Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides unique evidence of the positive consequences of seasonal migration for investments in early childhood development. We analyze migration in a poor shock-prone border region in rural Nicaragua where it offers one of the main household income diversification and risk coping strategies. IV estimates show, somewhat surprisingly, that in particular mother's migration has a positive effect on early

Renos Vakis

2010-01-01

121

Study Guide for TCT in Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study guide is designed for those individuals who are preparing to take the Georgia Teacher Certification Test (TCT) in early childhhood education. Educators from across the State of Georgia participated in the preparation of this guide. The TCT in early childhood education addresses seven areas: (1) art; (2) language arts; (3) mathematics;…

Pruitt, Linda H.

122

Early Childhood in Ethiopia: Initiatives in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article informs readers about early childhood in one of the poorest nations in the world--Ethiopia. Within the context of ecological systems theory, it emphasizes the characteristics of early education programs such as pre-school and basic (primary) education, and creates connections with families' views about education. The article concludes…

Szente, Judit; Hoot, James; Tadesse, Selamawit

2007-01-01

123

Defining and Assessing Early Childhood Program Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the United States, there is a definition of quality of early care and education (ECE) programs that is widely accepted in the early childhood profession. It emphasizes a child-centered approach to raising children, with caring adults who are kind and gentle rather than restrictive and harsh and who protect children's health and safety, while providing a wealth of experiences

Debby Cryer

1999-01-01

124

Fostering Intrinsic Motivation in Early Childhood Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young children are born with an innate curiosity to learn about their world. This intrinsically instigated learning is often called mastery motivation. Patterns of motivation are established at an early age. The early childhood years are crucial for establishing robust intrinsic motivational orientations which will last a lifetime. By the time many children reach school, much of their motivation has

Martha P. Carlton; Adam Winsler

1998-01-01

125

Prenatal and Early Childhood Nurse Home Visitation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Prenatal and Early Childhood Nurse Home Visitation Program is designed to help low-income, first-time parents start their lives with their children on a sound course and prevent the health and parenting problems that can contribute to the early develo...

D. Olds P. Hill E. Rumsey

1998-01-01

126

A View of Early Childhood Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These excerpts from an oral history interview with the founder of the Irving B. Harris Foundation, one of the most influential early funders of the infant-family field, emphasize the importance of promoting early childhood development as a social investment and highlights the lessons from business that Harris brought to philanthropy. Harris…

Harris, Irving B.

2003-01-01

127

Physical Science in Constructivist Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teachers at the Freeburg Early Childhood Program know that experimentation with physical science is of great interest to young children, and can begin as early as the age of 3. The constructivist teachers at this experimental school at the University of Northern Iowa worked for six years to develop a center-based approach to physical science with…

Kato, Tsuguhiko; Van Meeteren, Beth Dykstra

2008-01-01

128

Seasonal Migration and Early Childhood Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides unique evidence of the positive consequences of seasonal migration for investments in early childhood development. We analyse migration in a poor shock-prone border region in rural Nicaragua where it offers one of the main household income diversification and risk coping strategies. IV estimates show, somewhat surprisingly, that mother?s migration has a positive effect on early cognitive development.

Karen Macours; Renos Vakis

2008-01-01

129

Early Childhood Programs for a New Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investments in children during the early years of life are regarded as one of the most effective ways to promote children's learning. This book synthesizes the research base and state of practice of early childhood learning and answers such questions as: What programs are most effective, and who benefits most from them? What are the key…

Reynolds, Arthur J., Ed.; Wang, Margaret C., Ed.; Walberg, Herbert J., Ed.

130

Association Between Infant Breastfeeding and Early Childhood Caries in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE. Despite limited epidemiologic evidence, concern has been raised that breastfeeding and its duration may increase the risk of early childhood caries. The objective of this study was to assess the potential association of breastfeeding and other factors with the risk for early childhood caries among young children in the United States. METHODS. Data about oral health, infant feeding, and

Hiroko Iida; Peggy Auinger; Ronald J. Billings; Michael Weitzman; Julius B. Richmond

131

On-the-Spot Course: Early Childhood Education. Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a 2-week course in early childhood education designed for resident college students in Malawi. Section 1 discusses participation by an experimental combination of trained and untrained personnel: 6 social work supervisors, 2 paraprofessional playgroup organizers, and 13 paraprofessional playgroup leaders. Staff and objectives

Lombard, Avima D.; Jasik, Lynne S.

132

Acting with the Clock: Clocking Practices in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author addresses intra-actions that take place among humans and non-human others--the physical world, the materials--in early childhood education's everyday practices. Her object of study is the clock. Specifically, she provides an example of what it might mean to account for the intra-activity of the material-discursive…

Pacini-Ketchabaw, Veronica

2012-01-01

133

Infant and Early Childhood Education and Socialization in Sweden.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes early childhood education programs in Sweden, focusing on their history and development, administration, goals and objectives, admissions policies, structure, expenditures, program of activities, facilities, staffing, daily routine, problems and criticisms. Beginning in 1902, legislation provided for the care of abused and…

Wahab, Zaher

134

Desarrollo Infantil (Early Childhood Development).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The package contains a variety of short pamphlets which provide an overview of postnatal childhood development. The following are the titles: The premature baby; Your child ages 1-3; Your child ages 3-4; Your Children's feet and footwear; Care of your tee...

1969-01-01

135

Early Childhood Development: Laying the Foundations of Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood development is increasingly viewed as an affirmation of children's rights. This report describes the concept of early childhood development and presents several viewpoints regarding early childhood care and development, parenting, and approaches to early education. The report also presents 10 case studies of programs to enhance…

Faccini, Benedict; Combes, Bernard

136

Early Childhood Review: Papers from GAEC, 1996-1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This periodical, from Goldsmiths Association for Early Childhood (GAEC), addresses a variety of issues related to early childhood education in Great Britain. Articles included in the Spring 1996 issue are: (1) "Traditional Story Telling in the Early Years" (Fiona Collins); (2) "International Focus--Early Childhood Education Programme: An Approach…

Cartwright, Penny, Ed.; Kelly, Clare, Ed.; McLean, Kathy, Ed.; Mellor, Nikki, Ed.; Pidgeon, Sue, Ed.; Stevens, Judith, Ed.; Stables, Kay, Ed.

1996-01-01

137

Early Childhood Review: Papers from GAEC, 1996-1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This periodical, from Goldsmiths Association for Early Childhood (GAEC), addresses a variety of issues related to early childhood education in Great Britain. Articles included in the Spring 1996 issue are: (1) "Traditional Story Telling in the Early Years" (Fiona Collins); (2) "International Focus--Early Childhood Education Programme: An Approach…

Cartwright, Penny, Ed.; Kelly, Clare, Ed.; McLean, Kathy, Ed.; Mellor, Nikki, Ed.; Pidgeon, Sue, Ed.; Stevens, Judith, Ed.; Stables, Kay, Ed.

1996-01-01

138

Intelligence Differentiation in Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the age differentiation hypothesis, cognitive abilities become more differentiated with increasing age during childhood. Using data from the German standardization of the SON-R 2½–7 intelligence test, we examined age-related differentiation of cognitive abilities from age 2½ to age 7. The SON-R 2½–7 is a nonverbal intelligence test for children and consists of six subtests. SON-R 2½–7 supposedly has

Gizem Hülür; Oliver Wilhelm; Alexander Robitzsch

2011-01-01

139

Indicators of Access to Early Childhood Services in the Mississippi Delta. Rural Early Childhood Report No. 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Atlas facilitates spatial analysis in early childhood services research for the promotion of greater quality and accessibility of early care and education. The Atlas team collects and geocodes federal, state and nongovernmental datasets about early childhood services, integrating selected data elements into its online mapmaking…

Shores, Elizabeth F.; Barbaro, Erin; Barbaro, Michael C.; Flenner, Michelle; Bell, Lynn

2007-01-01

140

Researching Early Childhood, Volume 3, 1997. Settings in Interaction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Early Childhood Research and Development Centre, ECRDC, (Goteborg University) was founded in December 1984 in order to encourage and stimulate communication between research, teacher education and education practice in the field of early childhood edu...

M. K. Lohmander

1997-01-01

141

Inclusive Discourses in Early Childhood Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the discursive formation of inclusion in early childhood education and after-school (recreation) centres in a Danish municipality. While inclusion has been a central educational issue in research and practice for well over quarter of a century, with continuing emphasis worldwide on "initiatives by governments", this interest…

Warming, Hanne

2011-01-01

142

Early Childhood Poverty: A Statistical Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that young children in poverty face a greater likelihood of impaired development because of their increased exposure to a number of risk factors associated with poverty, this report presents statistical information on the incidence of poverty during early childhood. The report notes that the poverty rate for U.S. children under age 3…

Song, Younghwan; Lu, Hsien-Hen

143

Taiwan's Early Childhood Preservice Teachers' Professional Beliefs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used content analysis and grounded theory methods to examine professional beliefs about teaching and learning among 298 Taiwanese early childhood preservice teachers. Found that beliefs can be organized systematically to construct useful patterns of interrelationships among belief components, such as teachers' roles, images of classroom practice,…

Lin, Huey-Ling; Gorrell, Jeffrey; Silvern, Steven B.

2001-01-01

144

Challenging partnerships in Australian early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Partnerships that form to advance early childhood education are influenced by history and purpose. They are enacted in diverse social, cultural, economic, geographic and educational contexts. Using the theme of ‘strong and equal partnership’ between family and school, and taking a theoretical standpoint that values social cohesion and the agency of the child, this paper investigates ways in which partnership

Collette Tayler

2006-01-01

145

Discerning the future of early childhood intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the recent history of early childhood intervention efforts. Major views and principles that guided the formation of intervention programs in the 1960's and 1970's are considered: the deficit model, the focus on intelligence, the critical period formulation, and the overriding spirit of optimism. A major focus is the Head Start program and lessons learned from its development. Issues involved

Edward Zigler; Winnie Berman

1983-01-01

146

Inclusive discourses in early childhood education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the discursive formation of inclusion in early childhood education and after?school (recreation) centres in a Danish municipality. While inclusion has been a central educational issue in research and practice for well over quarter of a century, with continuing emphasis worldwide on ‘initiatives by governments’, this interest has centred on the school environment and institutions of higher education.

2011-01-01

147

Developmental psychology and early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child psychology and early childhood education are closely related, but the relationship is very complex. This is due to the fact that ‘child psychology’ at the same time covers 1) researchers' scientific psychology, 2) writers' popular psychology, and 3) parents' and teachers' common sense psychology about child development. This article presents current trends in scientific child psychology and recent studies

Hans Vejleskov

1999-01-01

148

Issues in early childhood education in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work of early childhood educators in most European countries has been informed by theory and research underpinned by developmental psychology. This discipline is being questioned, not only by psychologists themselves but by those from other backgrounds and this is to be welcomed as a healthy sign in a rapidly changing and diverse world. Many of our commonly held assumptions

Tricia David

1998-01-01

149

Adaptation and agency in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article condenses the milestones of a long project. The ambition of the project has been to seek a balanced view of early childhood education, where both the adaptive and agentive nature of action is considered. A model based on the relationships between perception and environmental change serves as the project’s theoretical foundation. The theory has been operationalised with 73

Jyrki Reunamo

2007-01-01

150

Physical Fitness and the Early Childhood Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The state of children's fitness is the responsibility of all who are involved with children. As early childhood professionals, they have a duty to educate the whole (thinking, feeling, "moving") child. Moreover, teachers of preschoolers can be more realistic than parents in their assessment of children's physical inactivity levels, and preschool…

Pica, Rae

2006-01-01

151

Suffolk Community College Early Childhood Program Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Program (ECP) at Suffolk County Community College (SCCC) was established to train students in the instruction of young children by providing them with theoretical knowledge, skills training, and practical experience. This report provides information on the philosophy, structure, and outcomes of the ECP. The first section…

Hochman, Darlene; Kaplan, Paul

152

Early childhood nutrition and academic achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood nutrition is thought to be an important input into subsequent academic achievement. This paper investigates the nutrition-learning nexus using a unique longitudinal data set, which follows a large sample of Philippine children from birth until the end of their primary education. We find that malnourished children perform more poorly in school, even after correcting for the effects of

Paul Glewwe; Hanan Jocoby; Elizabeth M. King

1999-01-01

153

Early Childhood Education: The Way Forward.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on experiences in North America, the United Kingdom, and other countries, this book examines the debate over the overall vision for early childhood education. The nature and quality of the United Kingdom's and other countries' culture is questioned in respect to the future it provides for children. The question of who is able to provide a…

Gammage, Philip, Ed.; Meighan, Janet, Ed.

154

Finnish Culture and Early Childhood Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the early childhood education programs of Finland as a development of the Finnish welfare state. Claims that these programs are related to family policy and are considered part of the educare programs, which tend to be child centered and tied to family values. Discusses the future of the Finnish educational system. (MOK)|

Hujula-Huttunen, Eeva; Jarvi, Seija

1996-01-01

155

Robust hope, democracy and early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses a recent Australian study of boys' education using case studies to determine successful practices. It focuses on an early childhood site where access to ‘discourses of power’ for students and parents and a valuing of students' ‘action knowledge’ created a particular democratic culture achieving improved outcomes for boys. The data are drawn from focus groups with families,

Leonie Arthur; Wayne Sawyer

2009-01-01

156

Safe Playground Equipment for Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Playgrounds for early childhood programs are places where children can play freely--exploring the natural environment, learning about their bodies, creating friendships, and practicing physical skills. In April, 2000, The National Program for Playground Safety released the results of the most comprehensive national survey of child care, school,…

Thompson, Donna; Hudson, Susan; Olsen, Heather

2005-01-01

157

Early Childhood Education and Social Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

The events responsible for recent early childhood education programs are explored. It is argued that differences in socio-economic class child rearing practices could account for differences in scholastic competence. It is pointed out how indices of heritability say little about the educability of individuals. Also, it is shown how nursery schooling deployed under Project Head Start was inappropriate for the

J. Mc V. Hunt

1972-01-01

158

Fostering social expertise in early childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social competence is an essential capability to bring to school because of its relationship to academic success. Development and consolidation of social understanding in early childhood ensures that young children have a solid foundation of social expertise when they begin formal schooling. Social expertise, conceptualized within the framework of Case's neo?Piagetian theory and focused on how young children understand others'

Marion Porath

2009-01-01

159

Foucault and the Early Childhood Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Foucault's notion of "regimes of truth" (MacNaughton 2005, 30) provides an understanding of how some discourses operate and network together to reinforce a particular powerful view of the world. These can be in oral or written forms. Early childhood education practices are drawn on the discourse of a document developed by the National Association…

Cohen, Lynn E.

2008-01-01

160

Early Childhood Teacher Education in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report attempts to inform those working in early childhood teacher education (ECTE) in New Zealand of some recent developments in the field in Australia. The Australian government recently required all colleges of advanced education (CAEs), which are part of the ECTE system, to amalgamate with existing universities or reform themselves as new…

Holmes, Tony

161

In Early Childhood: What's Language about?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that in daycare centres in France, where children are cared for from four months to age three, the competence of female staff members is usually denied and unvalued vis a vis the expert opinions. The paper highlights empirical research on early childhood and gender, providing pragmatic access to children's languages of desire, a…

Mozere, Liane

2007-01-01

162

Early Childhood in the New China: Suzhou  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suzhou is one hour to the West of Shanghai, and one of China's most interesting cities, famous for its silks, canals, and scholar gardens. According to a popular legend, Marco Polo is reputed to have said, "In heaven there is paradise, and on earth, Hangzhou and Suzhou." As the city rapidly expands, the issue of early childhood education is a…

Kalinowski, Michael

2010-01-01

163

What Assessment Means to Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Observing children and reflecting on educational practices are integral to high-quality care and education programs. A sound assessment system can be a useful tool for guiding early childhood professionals in this process. This article describes three approaches to alternative assessment that: (1) can easily be integrated into and across everyday…

Notari-Syverson, Angela; Losardo, Angela

2004-01-01

164

Early Childhood Curriculum: Planning, Assessment, and Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Early Childhood Curriculum" addresses current approaches to curriculum for infants, toddlers and young children, ages birth to eight. It provides a comprehensive introduction to the curriculum issues that student teachers and emerging practitioners will face and equips them with the decision-making tools that will ultimately enhance and promote…

McLachlan, Claire; Fleer, Marilyn; Edwards, Susan

2010-01-01

165

Adaptation and Agency in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article condenses the milestones of a long project. The ambition of the project has been to seek a balanced view of early childhood education, where both the adaptive and agentive nature of action is considered. A model based on the relationships between perception and environmental change serves as the project's theoretical foundation. The…

Reunamo, Jyrki

2007-01-01

166

The Visual Arts and Early Childhood Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This anthology focuses on the earliest art expressions, experiences and encounters of young children in the educational setting. The 21 chapters include: (1) "The Visual Arts and Early Childhood Learning: Changing Contexts and Concepts" (Christine Marme Thompson); (2) "The Narrative Quality of Young Children's Art" (Marilyn Zurmuehlen; Larry…

Thompson, Christine Marme, Ed.

167

Where We Stand: Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document details the position of the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) regarding universal access to early childhood education as represented in a resolution of the AFT convention in 2003. The document points out that the lack of access to high-quality preschool programs is a major problem affecting nearly every working family, and as…

American Federation of Teachers, Washington, DC.

168

Early Childhood Services: Physical Resources Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduced by a parable on the value of children's play, this guidebook includes a list of 10 developmental functions of play, a discussion of matters for consideration in selecting and organizing equipment and facilities for early childhood programs, and a description of indoor and outdoor program resources for children's activities. Various…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

169

Early Childhood Centre Administrator Certification. Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents the process for obtaining certification for the position of early childhood centre administrator (ECCA) in Nova Scotia, Canada. Following an introduction describing the development of the process and its pilot testing, Chapter 1 of the document details the four-step process: (1) application, including training in the ECCA…

Ferguson, E. Elaine

170

Conceptual Organizers of Early Childhood Curriculum Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article clarifies early childhood curriculum organizer terminology. Three main words used to describe curriculum: units, projects and themes are featured. A historical evolution and defining characteristics of each term are included to elucidate definitions so professionals can use common jargon.|

Vartuli, Sue; Rohs, Jovanna

2006-01-01

171

Federal Agencies Keep Early Childhood in Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Federal agencies and offices have important and exciting early childhood efforts underway. Staff at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and within it, the Administration for Children and Families (ACF)--which manages both the Child Care and Development Fund and the Head Start program, among other initiatives--and the U.S.…

Karolak, Eric

2010-01-01

172

Review of the Early Childhood Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review chapter summarizes developments in early childhood care and education in New Zealand in 1991, focusing on government actions affecting the field. Initial discussion covers the revised guidelines for obtaining charters, or accreditation, for child care centers and service providers. It is maintained that these guidelines fail to…

Meade, Anne; Dalli, Carmen

1992-01-01

173

Fostering Intrinsic Motivation in Early Childhood Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notes that, while children are born with an innate curiosity to learn, by the time they reach school, their motivation has often been lost or replaced by extrinsically motivated learning strategies. Discusses the development of intrinsic motivation in the early childhood years, and how teachers and caregivers can foster and strengthen it. (TJQ)|

Carlton, Martha P.; Winsler, Adam

1998-01-01

174

Early Childhood in the New China: Suzhou  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suzhou is one hour to the West of Shanghai, and one of China's most interesting cities, famous for its silks, canals, and scholar gardens. According to a popular legend, Marco Polo is reputed to have said, "In heaven there is paradise, and on earth, Hangzhou and Suzhou." As the city rapidly expands, the issue of early childhood education is a…

Kalinowski, Michael

2010-01-01

175

Early Childhood Trends around the World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article shares the views of the members of the World Forum community regarding early childhood education trends around the world. It summarizes trends from Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Denmark, The Netherlands, Italy, Turkey, Nepal, Vietnam, Tajikistan, Hong Kong, Singapore, India, New Zealand, Jordan, Palestine, Egypt,…

Neugebauer, Roger

2007-01-01

176

Challenges Facing Early Childhood Programs Worldwide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author presents the challenges faced by early childhood education in 29 countries, according to the World Forum National Representatives and Global Leaders for Young Children. The countries represented in these responses include: Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, Fiji, India, Iran, Iraq, Japan,…

Neugebauer, Roger

2008-01-01

177

The Imagination of Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book examines historical features from antiquity through present times that are important to early childhood scholars. Chapter 1 presents the history of education, including discussions of educational practices from the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries in Europe and the United States, recent efforts to merge preschool and…

Morgan, Harry

178

Early Childhood Inclusion: Focus on Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood inclusion is a field characterized by a philosophy and practice that encourages full participation of children with disabilities and their families in everyday activities with their typically developing peers. Noting that success in inclusion endeavors requires substantial changes in the way our society thinks, feels, and acts,…

Guralnick, Michael J., Ed.

179

Early Childhood Nutrition Increases Adult Wages  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study in Guatemala presents the first direct evidence of the effects of early childhood nutrition programs on adult economic productivity and incomes. The research shows that feeding young children a caloric, micronutrient-enriched nutritional supplement leads to significant increases in wage rates for men as adults. Boys who received the supplement in the first two years of life earned on

John Hoddinott

2009-01-01

180

Early Childhood Curriculum: Planning, Assessment, and Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Early Childhood Curriculum" addresses current approaches to curriculum for infants, toddlers and young children, ages birth to eight. It provides a comprehensive introduction to the curriculum issues that student teachers and emerging practitioners will face and equips them with the decision-making tools that will ultimately enhance and promote…

McLachlan, Claire; Fleer, Marilyn; Edwards, Susan

2010-01-01

181

Breaking bread: spirituality, food and early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The spiritual aspect of early childhood education is supported by the early childhood curriculum in Aotearoa New Zealand, Te Wh?riki. Research in three different early childhood settings presents new perspectives on the everyday experiences of children in terms of spirituality. Each setting formed a case study that included the voices of children, parents and teachers. Focusing on the practices that

Jane Bone

2005-01-01

182

Contemporary trends and developments in early childhood education in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood education in China has gone through a century?long development process and has made great progress in the past two decades. Contemporary early childhood education is becoming diverse in its forms and educational approaches, and is aligning itself with the increasingly open and diversified society. It is clear that early childhood education in China is strongly influenced by sociocultural

Jiaxiong Zhu; Jie Zhang

2008-01-01

183

Professionalism and the preparation of early childhood education practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

The call for reform in early childhood education has resulted in proposals for improving the level of professionalism among early childhood practitioners and the establishment of credentialling systems. A further result has been the modification of state early childhood teacher certification. This paper argues that the integration of new knowledge emerging from studies of practice and child development can help

Olivia N. Saracho; Bernard Spodek

1993-01-01

184

Early childhood teachers' preparation and the quality of program outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of the preparation of effective teachers becomes more critical for teachers of early childhood programs. It has been hypothesized that better program quality depends on better?educated teachers. The purpose of this investigation was to explore the importance of a high level of education for all early childhood education teachers. This issue has intrigued early childhood researchers and has

Olivia N. Saracho; Bernard Spodek

2007-01-01

185

Aboriginal Early Childhood Education in Canada: Issues of Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Herein we provide a literature synthesis pertaining to the state of Aboriginal early childhood education in Canada. We identify key features of quality Aboriginal early childhood programs. The background and significance of early childhood education for Aboriginal peoples is explicated. Cultural compatibility theory is employed as the…

Preston, Jane P.; Cottrell, Michael; Pelletier, Terrance R.; Pearce, Joseph V.

2012-01-01

186

Early Childhood Teachers' Behavior Intention to Apply Teaching Aids  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research aimed to investigate the behavior intention of early childhood teachers to apply teaching aids. The survey method was used to collect data from 281 early childhood teachers currently working at early childhood education institutes. The data was analyzed by t-test, Chi-square analysis, and Pearson coefficient to examine the…

Kuo, Chuen-Tzay

2010-01-01

187

Perspectives on Non-Sexist Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents a series of articles on non-sexist early childhood education based on reports presented at the Conference on Non-Sexist Early Childhood Education held in October, 1976. Specific areas considered include problems of sexism and racism in education, social psychology and early childhood socialization, sex typing influences in…

Sprung, Barbara, Ed.

188

Old Baggage, New Visions: Shaping Policy for Early Childhood Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses principles to guide policy development for early childhood programs. Argues for an early childhood "ecosystem" that integrates early childhood and child care services. Discusses federal legislation and urges communities to accept responsibility for providing comprehensive academic, health, social, nutrition, and transportation services…

Mitchell, Anne

1989-01-01

189

Master's Programs in Israeli Colleges of Education: A New Learning Opportunity in Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this article is to highlight the importance of advanced studies for the professional staff working in the field of early childhood education (ECE). Until 2001, Israeli MA programs were controlled exclusively by Israeli universities. The article deals with the development of MEd programs in Israeli colleges of education, using the “Early Childhood Education” program to exemplify the

Miriam Mevorach; Mordechai Miron

2011-01-01

190

Long term psychosocial outcomes after mild head injury in early childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The question of whether any adverse cognitive or psychosocial outcomes occur after mild head injury in early childhood has evoked considerable controversy. This study examined mild head injury before age 10 and potential differences in late childhood\\/early adolescence as a function of severity of mild injury and age at injury. Methods: A fully prospective longitudinal design tracked a large

A McKinlay; J C Dalrymple-Alford; L J Horwood; D M Fergusson

2002-01-01

191

A Long-Range, Comprehensive Plan for Early Childhood Education in Alaska.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This long-range, comprehensive plan for early childhood education in Alaska focuses on providing environmental surroundings conducive to learning for children aged 3, 4 and 5. Topics covered are: (1) needs, objectives and activities--projected numbers of students (age and grade distribution, school distribution), early childhood education…

Rath, Robert R.

192

Early object relations into new objects.  

PubMed

Two strands of change are suggested by this review, one maturational, the other therapeutic or developmental (Hartmann and Kris, 1945). By "maturational" I mean to suggest energies that infuse the individual from earliest life in a manner that includes object relations, but for the healthy exercise of which object relations per se need not be of central and crucial importance. Within wide limits such energies may be delayed until growth conditions prevail without significant distortion of certain of the organism's ego functions. Therapeutic change is analogous to developmental change in that both involve the crucial presence of another to release energies. In therapeutic change these are energies that have been repressed beyond the reach of developmental dynamics. In everyday development crisis and synthesis alternate in conjunction with new and emerging objects to add to the psychological structures brought to the fore by maturation. In many instances, as we see with John, over time and in a less focussed manner, developmental changes can approximate therapeutic change and visa versa. Freud-Dann in their "experiment" pursued one line, in which the equipmental delay brought on by extremely adverse living circumstances was redressed by providing an interpersonally enriching, loving, developmentally facilitating milieu. The sketches of individual children and John's subsequent story provide a perspective into what becomes the stuff of growth and what remains the stuff of neurosis. The developmental reserves and ego resilience of these children were impressive but probably not extraordinary. Usual growth ensued as soon as they were provided with the rich soil of Bulldogs Bank instead of the desert sand of the Tereszin concentration camp. However, no one can escape such adverse circumstances without having taken in the stuff of neurosis. Affects and percepts that were not assimilatable or even available to consciousness at the time remain buried in the unconscious. Pain deprived of meaning is buried as neurosis. As we see in John's story, experience that cannot be integrated at the time is locked away from whatever developmental progression has occurred. Intolerable affects and ideas require particular circumstances of object relation and verbalization such as are found in the context of psychoanalysis and arrived at through psychoanalytic interpretation. Or, as in John's case, they may give way only slowly and irregularly over long stretches of time, when subjected to life experiences in the company of new object relations. Broadly stated, the Freud-Dann paper helps us to appreciate that there are several pathways of protection and growth in the ego that involve the discovery or construction of new objects. Family-romance fantasies are a common manifestation of new-object phenomena. Transitional object phenomena are also related. For some individuals at a particular time or over a span of time, providing the right circumstances for the resumption of maturational and developmental growth is all it takes to make them whole. Changes in the adaptive ego are sufficient to alleviate the conflicts stemming from the neurotic ego. For others, depending upon the degree of their neurotic impairment, or for the same individual under other circumstances, therapeutic change in the deepest sense demands the relatively unconditional presence of the interactive and interpreting other. Children of the storm who come in for shelter and warmth may thrive, but they also require a means of getting at the storm in their core that has been internalized as part of the ego's survival mechanism. What can be extracted from the poignant story of the Bulldogs Bank children about current child-analytic technique? The psychoanalytic piano now may be more formally conceptualized as having white as well as black keys. Most analyses, adult and child, have been conducted as though the "black keys"--pressure to mastery through repetition and its subsequent interpretation in relation to the transference--were the sole agents of the

Downey, T W

2001-01-01

193

Resistance, Reproduction, Both, or Neither: Exploring the Influence of Early Childhood Professional Development Specialists on the Field of Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article details the findings from a qualitative study that explored the ways individuals who work with early childhood education (ECE) practitioners in professional development settings influenced those practitioners' understandings of early childhood policy and early childhood systems. Defined as individuals who work in the professional…

Gomez, Rebecca E.

2012-01-01

194

Early Childhood Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education in Turkey within the Scope of the Developmental System Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article was to provide an overview of early childhood intervention and early childhood special education (ECI/ECSE) services and practices in Turkey by using the Developmental System Approach (M. J. Guralnick, 2001). After pointing out the history of early childhood and ECI/ECSE services and current legislations with regard to…

Diken, Ibrahim H.; Bayhan, Pinar; Turan, Figen; Sipal, R. Firat; Sucuoglu, Bulbin; Ceber-Bakkaloglu, Hatice; Gunel, Mintaze Kerem; Kara, Ozgun Kaya

2012-01-01

195

"Learning Stories"--Crossing Borders: Introducing Qualitative Early Childhood Observation Techniques to Early Childhood Practitioners in Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood education has become a focus of government policy across the world. Part of the present increased interest in early childhood education has been a focus on curriculum frameworks and socio/cultural methods of assessment. Currently, New Zealand has emerged as a world leader in early childhood education, and observation and…

Nyland, Berenice; Alfayez, Shatha

2012-01-01

196

Use of child development assessment in early childhood education: early childhood practitioner and student attitudes toward formal and informal testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty early childhood practitioners (ECPs) and final?year Bachelor of Early Childhood Studies students completed a questionnaire about their use (or planned use) of formal and informal child development assessment instruments, their choice of specific instruments, and factors influencing decisions to conduct child development assessments within their early childhood programmes. While most ECPs and all students indicated use (or planned use)

Jacqueline Brown; Sharne A. Rolfe

2005-01-01

197

Family relations in early childhood and reproductive development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Belsky, Steinberg and Draper [(1991) Childhood experience, interpersonal development, and reproductive strategy: an evolutionary theory of socialization, Child Development, 62, 647–670] predicted that early childhood stress or conflict in the family environment would be associated with childhood behavioural symptoms, early puberty, and early, less discriminate reproductive behaviour. A cross-sectional self-report survey of childhood family life and adolescent development was carried

K. Kim; P. K. Smith

1999-01-01

198

Handbook of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comprehensive and authoritative, this forward-thinking book reviews the breadth of current knowledge about early education and identifies important priorities for practice and policy. Robert C. Pianta and his associates bring together foremost experts to examine what works in promoting all children's school readiness and social-emotional…

Pianta, Robert C., Ed.

2012-01-01

199

creative abilities in early childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to explore creativity in Spanish children during their early years and to explore differences regarding gender and age. We have used a sample of 285 children between five and seven years old. To measure their creativity we used the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (TTCT). We have used the test of figured expression that

Maria Dolores Prieto; Joaquin Parra; Mercedes Ferrándo; Carmen Ferrándiz; Maria Rosario Bermejo; Cristina Sánchez

2006-01-01

200

Making ‘place’ for ecological sustainability in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Culturally, childhood is often understood as a time of innocence which can mean that issues such as ecological sustainability are considered too problematic for early childhood practice. By drawing on findings from a research project that focused on issues of ecological sustainability in early childhood centres in New Zealand from Western and indigenous perspectives, this article contributes a critical perspective

Iris Duhn

2011-01-01

201

Making ‘place’ for ecological sustainability in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Culturally, childhood is often understood as a time of innocence which can mean that issues such as ecological sustainability are considered too problematic for early childhood practice. By drawing on findings from a research project that focused on issues of ecological sustainability in early childhood centres in New Zealand from Western and indigenous perspectives, this article contributes a critical perspective

Iris Duhn

2012-01-01

202

Making "Place" for Ecological Sustainability in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Culturally, childhood is often understood as a time of innocence which can mean that issues such as ecological sustainability are considered too problematic for early childhood practice. By drawing on findings from a research project that focused on issues of ecological sustainability in early childhood centres in New Zealand from Western and…

Duhn, Iris

2012-01-01

203

Early Childhood Interventions: Proven Results, Future Promise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A significant amount of intellectual hand wringing has gone on as of late regarding the nature and importance of early childhood intervention programs. Some have claimed that such programs (including Head Start) are inherently a waste of money, while others tout their apparent ability to increase future educational and life opportunities, particularly for the under-privileged. This intriguing research report from the RAND Corporation, authored by Rebecca Kilburn and Jill Cannon, provides compelling evidence suggesting that well-designed programs for disadvantaged children age four and younger can produce economic benefits that are quite significant. The report contends that high quality early childhood programs can "keep children out of expensive special education programs; increase high school graduation rates; reduce juvenile crime, and increase the number of students who go on to college." Stimulating in its approach and its scholarly rigor, this report will be quite useful and helpful to persons interested in such policy issues.

Karoly, Lynn A., 1961-; Kilburn, M. R.; Cannon, Jill S.

2005-01-01

204

Parent Involvement in Early Childhood Home Visiting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review provides an overview of an important aspect of early childhood home visiting research: understanding how parents\\u000a are involved in program services and activities. Involvement is defined as the process of the parent connecting with and using\\u000a the services of a program to the best of the client’s and the program’s ability. The term includes two broad dimensions: participation,

Jon Korfmacher; Beth Green; Fredi Staerkel; Carla Peterson; Gina Cook; Lori Roggman; Richard A. Faldowski; Rachel Schiffman

2008-01-01

205

Training early childhood educators in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Policy on Education #op1986#cp has given a great deal of importance to early childhood care and education #opECCE#cp. It views ECCE as an important input in the strategy of human resource development, as a feeder and support programme for primary education and as a support service for working women of the disadvantaged sections of society. It has also

Mira Choudhry

1992-01-01

206

The Early Childhood Generalized Trust Belief Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study was designed to develop and evaluate the Early Childhood Generalized Trust Belief Scale (ECGTBS) as a method of assessing 5–8-year-olds’ generalized trust. Two hundred and eleven (103 male and 108 female) children (mean age 6 years and 2 months at Time 1) completed the ECGTBS twice over a year. A subsample of participants completed the ECGTBS after two

Lucy R. Betts; Ken J. Rotenberg; Mark Trueman

2009-01-01

207

Implementing early childhood inclusion: Barrier and support factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the underlying factor structure of a rating scale designed to assess perceived barriers and supports associated with early childhood inclusion. Participants were 201 administrators and direct service providers from the early intervention, early childhood, and special education fields and 287 parents (primarily mothers) of young children with disabilities (birth through 5 years) who received early intervention services.

Virginia Buysse; Patricia W. Wesley; Lynette Keyes

1998-01-01

208

Overview of Play: Its Uses and Importance in Early Intervention/Early Childhood Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Play is a natural activity of early childhood, which has great relevance to the fields of early intervention, early childhood special education, and early childhood education. Within these fields, ongoing tensions persist in how play is described and used. These tensions compromise activities of assessment, intervention, and curriculum…

Lifter, Karin; Foster-Sanda, Suzanne; Arzamarski, Caley; Briesch, Jacquelyn; McClure, Ellen

2011-01-01

209

[Detection and early treatment of mental disorders in early childhood].  

PubMed

Neurotic and psychosomatic developmental disorders and the rare psychoses in early childhood should be recognized and treated at an early age. This paper shows some characteristic features of treatment, as nonverbal communication, frequent organic-functional symptoms, family systems that are just being built up, risk of competitive situations towards the parents (especially the mother), problems of the indication of transfer from the paediatrician to the psychotherapist. Because of its institutional concept the psychotherapeutic day-clinic is especially qualified for intensive and early treatment of problems due to age and development. PMID:6194138

Steiner, T; Herzka, H S

1983-08-01

210

Exposure to Childhood Sexual and Physical Abuse and Adjustment in Early Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: This research examined linkages between exposure to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and childhood physical punishment/abuse (CPA) and mental health issues in early adulthood. Method: The investigation analyzed data from a birth cohort of over 1,000 New Zealand young adults studied to the age of 25. Results: Exposure to CSA and CPA was…

Fergusson, David M.; Boden, Joseph M.; Horwood, L. John

2008-01-01

211

[Child psychiatric viewpoint towards early childhood feading disorders].  

PubMed

Early childhood feading disorders are estimated to occur in 20% to 40% of normally developing young children. In most severe cases, troubles associated with feading interfere with the child's growth and development and may continue until adulthood. Early childhood feading disorders are discernible into different types of disorder, such as early childhood anorexia, sensory food aversion and posttraumatic feading disorder. Early childhood feading disorders are often associated with problems in parent-child interaction either primarily or secondarily as factors maintaining the disorder. Interactive therapy is often beneficial regardless of the etiology of the disorder. PMID:23720938

Mäntymaa, Mirjami; Luoma, Ilona; Puura, Kaija

2013-01-01

212

Nutritional Iron Deficiency in Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a • The true prevalence of nutritional iron deficiency (ID) in childhood is unclear because of the uncertainty over its definition\\u000a and the insensitivity of markers of ID.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • The major cause in developed countries is likely to be the excessive and early use of cow’s milk and a diet poor in haem\\u000a iron.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • Recent neuro-physiological observations support the many

Robert J. D. Moy

213

Early Childhood Policy Focus: Healthy Eating and Physical Activity. Early Childhood Highlights. Volume 2, Issue 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The importance of good nutrition and exercise is well known, and parents have long worried about their children's diets and envied their high energy levels. Like so many life style habits, patterns of nutrition and exercise behaviors are typically established in early childhood. Poor diet and lack of exercise contribute to obesity, which has been…

Murphey, David; Mackintosh, Bonnie; McCoy-Roth, Marci

2011-01-01

214

Early Childhood Trends Worldwide--First Annual World Early Childhood Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on trends in early childhood education in various countries, focusing on educational policy and the role of government. Summarizes trends from Armenia, Canada, Finland, Iceland, India, Japan, Kenya, Mexico, Moldova, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, and Uruguay. (KB)

Neugebauer, Roger

2001-01-01

215

Integrated and Early Childhood Education: Preparation for Social Development. Theme A: Relevant Provision for Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This seminar paper explores research bearing on the provision of early childhood education in Zimbabwe. Initially, unresolved problems in the developmental literature are pointed out to support the view that those concerned with intervention in the developmental process can only proceed heuristically by basing their action on theoretical…

Biesheuvel, S.

216

An Integrated Approach to Early Childhood Education and Care. Early Childhood and Family Policy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report was commissioned as a state-of-the-art paper on policy development and implementation of integrated or coordinated services of early childhood education and care (ECEC) within a systemic perspective. The report compares main ECEC policy issues in developed and developing countries, focusing on practical implications and mechanisms…

Haddad, Lenira

217

Early Childhood Trends Worldwide--First Annual World Early Childhood Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents information on trends in early childhood education in various countries, focusing on educational policy and the role of government. Summarizes trends from Armenia, Canada, Finland, Iceland, India, Japan, Kenya, Mexico, Moldova, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, and Uruguay. (KB)|

Neugebauer, Roger

2001-01-01

218

Early Childhood Programs and Policy in the Northwest and Hawaii: Early Childhood Policy Issues and Options.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed are early childhood policy issues and options for Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington. Section I explores federal and state directions in terms of levels of policy making, federal and state issues, and interested parties. Section II focuses on policy issues in its discussions of the political climate, long-term…

Conklin, Nancy Faires; And Others

219

Integrated and Early Childhood Education: Preparation for Social Development. Theme A: Relevant Provision for Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factors which influence child development are listed and briefly discussed. These factors are (1) mother's childhood, (2) mother's age, (3) care during pregnancy and delivery, (4) early neonatal factors, (5) birth interval, (6) effect of repeated infection and malnutrition on brain growth and intellectual development, and (7) home environment. The…

Axton, J. H. M.

220

Integrated and Early Childhood Education: Preparation for Social Development. Theme A: Relevant Provision for Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Factors which influence child development are listed and briefly discussed. These factors are (1) mother's childhood, (2) mother's age, (3) care during pregnancy and delivery, (4) early neonatal factors, (5) birth interval, (6) effect of repeated infection and malnutrition on brain growth and intellectual development, and (7) home environment.…

Axton, J. H. M.

221

NAEYC Early Childhood Program Standards and Accreditation Criteria: The Mark of Quality in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) administers the nation's largest and most widely recognized accreditation system for child care centers, preschools, kindergartens, and other early childhood education programs. The standards and accreditation criteria included in this book were approved by the NAEYC Governing…

Redleaf Press, 2005

2005-01-01

222

An Integrated Approach to Early Childhood Education and Care. Early Childhood and Family Policy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report was commissioned as a state-of-the-art paper on policy development and implementation of integrated or coordinated services of early childhood education and care (ECEC) within a systemic perspective. The report compares main ECEC policy issues in developed and developing countries, focusing on practical implications and mechanisms…

Haddad, Lenira

223

Language and Literacy in Early Childhood Education. Yearbook in Early Childhood Education, Volume 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As classrooms have become more culturally and linguistically diversified, the theories and methods of teaching reading to young children have changed. Early childhood educators must explore new methods of instruction in order to involve and expand the language abilities of young children and must provide engaging activities that will create more…

Spodek, Bernard, Ed.; Saracho, Olivia N., Ed.

224

Multiple Perspectives on Play in Early Childhood Education. SUNY Series, Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides research in the area of educational play for early childhood teachers and teacher educators. Following an introduction by the editors, the chapters of the book are: (1) "A Historical Overview of Theories of Play" (Olivia Saracho and Bernard Spodek); (2) "Playing with a Theory of Mind" (Angeline Lillard); (3) "The Social Origins…

Saracho, Olivia N., Ed.; Spodek, Bernard, Ed.

225

Building Community Systems for Young Children: Early Childhood Education. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, Number 11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the importance and funding sources of early child care and education (ECE), and the ways in which the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (SECCS) Initiative improves early childhood outcomes. Section I presents what is known about the importance of ECE, quality and access. Section II describes the current funding…

Bassok, Daphna; Stipek, Deborah; Inkelas, Moira; Kuo, Alice

2005-01-01

226

Maternal employment and early childhood overweight: findings from the UK Millennium Cohort Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:In most developed countries, maternal employment has increased rapidly. Changing patterns of family life have been suggested to be contributing to the rising prevalence of childhood obesity.Objectives:Our primary objective was to examine the relationship between maternal and partner employment and overweight in children aged 3 years. Our secondary objective was to investigate factors related to early childhood overweight only among

Summer Sherburne Hawkins; Tim J Cole; Catherine Law

2008-01-01

227

Prenatal maternal anxiety and early childhood temperament.  

PubMed

The consequences of exposure to prenatal maternal anxiety for the development of child temperament were examined in a sample of 120 healthy, 2-year-old children. Prenatal maternal state and pregnancy-specific anxiety (PSA) were measured five times during pregnancy, and maternal state anxiety was measured again at 2 years post partum. Child temperament was measured at 2 years using the Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire. The relationship between the trajectory of maternal anxiety across gestation and negative affectivity was evaluated using hierarchical linear growth curve modeling. Higher maternal PSA between 13 and 17 weeks of gestation was associated with increased negative temperament in the children. This association could not be explained by postnatal maternal anxiety, demographic, or obstetric factors. Prenatal maternal state anxiety was not associated with child temperament. These findings demonstrate that PSA early in gestation has a distinctive influence on the developing fetus. PMID:21790468

Blair, Megan M; Glynn, Laura M; Sandman, Curt A; Davis, Elysia Poggi

2011-07-26

228

[Eating disorders in childhood and early adolescence].  

PubMed

During childhood and early adolescence, eating disorders are mainly of the restrictive type and general practitioner plays a central role in treatment. Parental counseling and medical care should be administered to selective and restrictive children without growth retardation. When growth and puberty are delayed a multidisciplinary approach is recommended. Somaticians, psychiatrists and psychotherapists will work together in the fight against the eating disorder. Family approaches yielded the best results in the management of these disorders for the younger subjects but individual therapies are also recommended. If vitamin and calcium supplements are necessary, it is not the case for psychotropic medications, which can have a dangerous impact if nutritional status is not stabilized. Outcome of selective and restrictive disorders in childhood is good however picky eaters need special care because of the risk of anorexia nervosa in later adolescence. Outcomes of prepubertal anorexic patients seem to be better than those of pubertal anorexic subjects but it is not the case for subjects affected by very-early-onset anorexia nervosa. PMID:18361280

Doyen, Catherine; Asch, Muriel

2008-01-31

229

76 FR 50201 - National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center; Final Extension of Project Period and Waiver  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CFDA No. 84.326H] National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center; Final Extension...period and waiver for the National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center...enables the currently funded National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center to...

2011-08-12

230

78 FR 53150 - Advisory Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation; Notice...Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation (MIECHVE...on the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation....

2013-08-28

231

76 FR 12977 - Advisory Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation AGENCY...Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation...Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program...

2011-03-09

232

77 FR 52702 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Institute of Education Sciences; Early Childhood...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Education Sciences; Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class...Third-Grade Recruitment SUMMARY: The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class...direct child assessments. Like the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten...

2012-08-30

233

76 FR 12978 - Advisory Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation; Notice...Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation. Date...Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation...

2011-03-09

234

78 FR 44553 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Early Childhood Longitudinal Study...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Activities; Comment Request; Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class...records. Title of Collection: Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class...Hours: 52,702. Abstract: The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten...

2013-07-24

235

76 FR 32967 - Proposed Extensions and Waivers: National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Extensions and Waivers: National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center AGENCY...period and waiver for the National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center...year (FY) 2006 for a National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center...

2011-06-07

236

76 FR 71979 - Advisory Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation; Notice...Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation (MIECHVE...Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation...

2011-11-21

237

Teaching Practices that Promote Motor Skills in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood educators, especially those in preschool centers, are often expected to design and implement movement programs. However, these individuals may not have been taught these skills during their education. The purpose of this study was to determine if early childhood majors could successfully be taught to implement a mastery climate…

Robinson, Leah E.; Webster, E. Kipling; Logan, S. Wood; Lucas, W. Amarie; Barber, Laura T.

2012-01-01

238

Making the Case for Early Childhood Investments: Three Arguments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tamar Manuelyan Atinc, vice president of The World Bank, introduces a World Bank report, "Investing in Young Children: An Early Childhood Development Guide for Policy Dialogue and Project Preparation". This report, which is a must for inclusion in every advocate's make the case for investing in early childhood services. It defines three arguments…

Neugebauer, Roger

2011-01-01

239

Individualized Inclusion Plans at Work in Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article begins with a vignette about Carla, a 4-year-old girl with a diagnosis of developmental delays. It then describes a model to facilitate inclusion of young children in early childhood settings. The authors developed this model as they worked with practicing early childhood professionals. The model places emphasis on the following…

Hollingsworth, Heidi L.; Boone, Harriet Able; Crais, Elizabeth R.

2009-01-01

240

Influences on children's competence in early childhood classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to examine the contributions of classroom context (activity settings, teacher behavior, contact with peers and teachers) to children's cognitive and social competence in early childhood classrooms. One-hundred fourteen children (61 girls; Mage = 51.7 months) were observed in their early childhood classrooms during free play time. Children's cognitive and social competence were measured by

Susan Kontos; Amanda Wilcox-Herzog

1997-01-01

241

Early Childhood Teachers' Attitudes toward Gender Roles and toward Discipline  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main purpose of this study was to investigate early childhood teachers' attitudes toward gender roles and toward discipline. The findings demonstrated that early childhood teachers had a tendency to hold egalitarian attitudes toward gender roles and discipline. In other words, these attitudes were found to be highly correlated. (Contains 4…

Erden, Feyza

2004-01-01

242

First Steps: Stories on Inclusion in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication presents papers from 13 nations that describe the integration of children with disabilities into early childhood education programs. The compilation of case studies will serve as a reference document for the International Consultation on Early Childhood Education and Special Educational Needs, organized by UNESCO in collaboration…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

243

Workforce Development in Early Childhood Education and Care. Research Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The early childhood education and care industry in Australia is undergoing a shift in philosophy. Changes in policy are driving the industry towards a combined early childhood education and care focus, away from one on child care only. This move has implications for the skilling of the child care workforce. This research overview describes the…

Bretherton, Tanya

2010-01-01

244

Early Childhood Education Programs in Kenya: Challenges and Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education in Kenya serves the critical purpose of preparing young children for primary education. Notwithstanding the associated benefits for society as a whole, the government of Kenya is involved minimally. Indeed, parents are responsible for planning, developing and managing different early childhood programs. Consequently,…

Nganga, Lydiah W.

2009-01-01

245

Classroom Effects of an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We evaluated an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development (ECEPD) project that provided high-quality, sustained, and intensive professional development designed to support developmentally appropriate instruction for preschool-age children based on the best available research on early childhood pedagogy, child development, and preschool…

Algozzine, Bob; Babb, Julie; Algozzine, Kate; Mraz, Maryann; Kissel, Brian; Spano, Sedra; Foxworth, Kimberly

2011-01-01

246

Supporting Early Childhood Educators through Professional Development Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article summarizes the findings of a study that examined instruction in early childhood classrooms where teachers participated in high-quality, sustained, and intensive professional development through an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development partnership on literacy practices essential to school success. Comparisons made between…

Mraz, Maryann

2011-01-01

247

Early childhood development in Latin America and the Caribbean  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is considerable evidence that young children in many developing countries suffer from profound deficits in nutrition, health, fine and gross motor skills, cognitive development, and socio-emotional development. Early childhood development (ECD) outcomes are important markers of the welfare of children. In addition, the deleterious effects of poor outcomes in early childhood can be long-lasting, affecting school attainment, employment, wages,

Norbert Rüdiger Schady

2006-01-01

248

Preparing Teachers for Inclusion: Jordanian Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted during a period of national educational reforms in Jordan to investigate Jordanian preservice early childhood teachers' attitudes toward inclusion and the adequacy of their current preparation for implementing inclusion. The study also sought to identify the perceived concerns of preservice early childhood teachers about…

Fayez, Merfat; Dababneh, Kholoud; Jumiaan, Ibrahim

2011-01-01

249

Quality matters: early childhood education policy in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper critically analyses how the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region has tackled the issue of preschool quality over the past 30 years. Although early childhood education is not part of the publicly funded education system, there is almost universal preschool attendance among three to six year olds. The government regulates, monitors and evaluates early childhood services,

Nirmala Rao; Hui Li

2009-01-01

250

Negotiating Otherness : A male early childhood educator's gender positioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite increasing male participation in recent years in many traditional “female” professions, early childhood education continues to be widely regarded as women's work. Male early childhood educators, therefore, are highly conspicuous and subject to considerable suspicion (Murray, S.B. (1996) 'We all love Charles': men in child care and the social construction of gender. Gender & Educational Studies, 45, pp. 276-292;

Jennifer Sumsion

2000-01-01

251

A Cognitive Approach to Stress Reduction for Early Childhood Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For early childhood educators a cognitive approach to stress therapy is a valuable supplement to other approaches. Early childhood educators, like others, may develop psychological vulnerabilities that contribute to stress and depression. An exaggerated need for approval or an unhealthy demand for perfectionism may contribute to their experience…

Smith, Doris O.

252

Emerging Trends and Issues in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ten selected emerging trends in the field of early childhood education are discussed in this conference address: (1) a reevaluation of the view that early childhood education is a panacea; (2) greater emphasis on planned continuity between kindergartens and the primary grades; (3) increased use of multi-age grouping; (4) need for parenthood…

McIntyre, Margaret

253

Quick and Easy Adaptations and Accommodations for Early Childhood Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research-based information is used to support the idea of the use of adaptations and accommodations for early childhood students who have varying disabilities. Multiple adaptations and accommodations are outlined. A step-by-step plan is provided on how to make specific adaptations and accommodations to fit the specific needs of early childhood

Breitfelder, Leisa M.

2008-01-01

254

Early childhood education on?line: Challenges and rewards  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes our collaborative experiences in the process of developing, designing, and facilitating an online graduate level course in early childhood education. Data collection strategies included: pre\\/post course questionnaires, informal conversations with students, and university course evaluations. This information described the experiences of novice computer users as they engaged in their content area (early childhood education) and also developed

Mary Jane Blasi; Kelvin Broad

2002-01-01

255

Teaching Toward Freedom: Early Childhood Education and the Challenges Ahead  

Microsoft Academic Search

Schools are always contested spaces, places where our assumptions about and hopes for humanity are worked out on the ground. Early childhood education is not immune from the struggles over what it means to be human and what the dimensions of a good society are or should be. This article offers an argument for early childhood to take up the

William Ayers

2005-01-01

256

Making connections: Today's early childhood educators discover their heritage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Making Theory and Development of Early Childhood Education come alive for elementary master's degree students in two learning sites offers opportunities and challenges. In constructing the class, a primary goal was to expose the students to the context under which early childhood educators developed programs and theories. Also, students were challenged to uncover the relationship that the education of young

Cathy Grace

2002-01-01

257

Delegation: Win-Win Strategies for Managing Early Childhood Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of the Australian Early Childhood Association Research in Practice Series provides staff management strategies for directors and others involved with the management of early childhood settings and suggests ways to effectively delegate authority and tasks in order to reduce administrative pressures and workload. The booklet presents…

Hayden, Jacqueline

1999-01-01

258

Writing Research Articles for Publication in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Published research results in early childhood education contribute to the field's knowledge, theory, and practice. They also guide future early childhood education research studies. The publication of research articles is an essential requirement for academics. For some researchers, however, writing may be a difficult activity, particularly the…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2013-01-01

259

Early Childhood Special Education in the Year 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to examine factors that may influence the direction of Early Childhood Special Education by the year 2000. The authors Identified factors that are internal to early childhood special education and special education in general, as well as factors external to the field. On the basis of their analysis, they offer predictions about least restrictive

Samuel L. Odom; Steven F. Warren

1988-01-01

260

The Power of Choice in Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are three practical ways to incorporate the principles of choice into early childhood classrooms: choice of language, choice of time, and choice within the curriculum. Early childhood educators need to reflect upon their instructional practices, document the types of decisions students make every day to foster their own learning, and examine…

Hertzog, Nancy B.

2009-01-01

261

Aesthetic Discourses in Early Childhood Settings: Dewey, Steiner, and Vygotsky  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood, when young children are already capable of undergoing aesthetic experience, must be the starting point for aesthetic education. Despite increasing attention to the significant values of the arts in early childhood classrooms, no theoretical framework to support aesthetic education has been established. This article introduces the…

Lim, Booyeun

2004-01-01

262

Developmentally Appropriate Practices in Asian Indian Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of the present study is to explore the use of developmentally appropriate practices in Asian Indian early childhood classrooms. This information is critical for all early childhood educators and teacher educators because the society we live in is fast becoming extremely diverse and our classrooms are becoming a cauldron of various…

Jambunathan, Saigeetha; Caulfield, Mathew

2008-01-01

263

Early Childhood Teacher Education in Ethiopia: Progress and Emerging Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article extends concerns of our National Association of Early Childhood Teacher Educators (NAECTE) membership beyond the borders of the United States to the continent of Africa. Specifically, it explores the current status of early childhood teacher education in one of the poorest nations of the world--Ethiopia. It includes an analysis of…

Hoot, James; Szente, Judit; Tadesse, Selamawit

2006-01-01

264

Evaluation of the Quality of Early Childhood Classrooms in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the quality of two types of Turkish early childhood education programs: private and public preschools. Three public and three private preschools in a district of Istanbul were randomly selected. The quality of preschools was assessed using the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale developed by Harms et…

Gol-Guven, Mine

2009-01-01

265

Unsettling Representational Practices: Inhabiting Relational Becomings in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article seeks to unsettle representational practices enacted through dominant multicultural pedagogical approaches in the early childhood classroom. Drawing from a research study in early childhood centers that investigated practitioners' and children's negotiations of racial difference, I explore how multicultural pedagogical approaches in…

Nxumalo, Fikile

2012-01-01

266

Building an Early Childhood Professional Development System. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The knowledge, skills, and practices of early childhood care providers and teachers are critical factors in their delivery of high-quality developmental and educational experiences to young children. However, studies have found that the majority of professionals that make up the current early childhood workforce are not adequately prepared.…

NGA Center for Best Practices, 2010

2010-01-01

267

Effects of Critical Thinking Intervention for Early Childhood Teacher Candidates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study is based on an intervention designed to enhance early childhood teacher candidates' critical thinking abilities. The concept, elements, standards, and traits of critical thinking were integrated into the main course contents, and the effects of the intervention were examined. The results indicated that early childhood teacher…

Han, Heejeong Sophia; Brown, E. Todd

2013-01-01

268

Competence Requirements in Early Childhood Education and Care. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents the findings of a European research project jointly conducted by the University of East London (UEL) and the University of Ghent (UGent). The "study on competence requirements in early childhood education and care" (CoRe) explored conceptualisations of "competence" and professionalism in early childhood practice, and…

Urban, Mathias; Vandenbroeck, Michel; Lazzari, Arianna; Van Laere, Katrien; Peeters, Jan

2012-01-01

269

Early Childhood Education 83/84. Annual Editions. Sixth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 59 articles in this sixth edition of "Annual Editions: Early Childhood Education 83/84" are drawn from several professional journals and present a wide variety of points on the philosophical and educational continuum of early childhood education. Divided into four sections, these points focus on the history and care of young children;…

McKee, Judy Spitler, Ed.

270

How early childhood teacher beliefs vary across grade level  

Microsoft Academic Search

The continuum of beliefs reported by early childhood teachers (Head Start through third grade) and how those beliefs relate to classroom practice were explored in this article. Head Start, kindergarten, first-, second-, and third-grade teachers’ beliefs and self-reported practices were measured by three different instruments. These included the Early Childhood Survey of Beliefs and Practices (Marcon, 1988), and the Teacher

Sue Vartuli

1999-01-01

271

Early Childhood Programs in Other Nations: Goals and Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

United States interest in the potential early childhood programs have for improving outcomes for children is shared by policymakers and researchers in many other nations. Throughout the world, enrollments in preschool and child care programs are rising. This article reviews international research documenting how participation in early childhood programs influenced children's later development and success in school. Studies conducted in

Sarane Spence Boocock

1995-01-01

272

Developmentally appropriate practices in Asian Indian early childhood classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the present study is to explore the use of developmentally appropriate practices in Asian Indian early childhood classrooms. This information is critical for all early childhood educators and teacher educators because the society we live in is fast becoming extremely diverse and our classrooms are becoming a cauldron of various cultures, languages, personalities and views on education.

Saigeetha Jambunathan; Mathew Caulfield

2008-01-01

273

Early Childhood Education in India: History, Trends, Issues, and Achievements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents an overview of childrearing practices in India, chronicles government initiatives in early childhood education, describes the range of programs available, and identifies goals that will shape the future of early childhood programs in that country. Identifies universal education, elevation of teacher status, and preservation of community…

Pattnaik, Jyotsna

1996-01-01

274

Rural Ojibwe Mothers' Experiences with Early Childhood Special Education Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two rural Ojibwe mothers whose young children received early childhood at-risk services were interviewed about their life circumstances and experiences with service delivery. Major interview themes that emerged included positive experiences and successes with early childhood special education services, and rural and cultural obstacles to the…

Aakhus, Belle P.; Hoover, John H.

275

Transition to School from Pacific Islands Early Childhood Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting the need for additional information on the transition of children from Pacific Islands early childhood services to primary school, this exploratory study was designed to provide an account of the experiences of children, parents, and teachers, focusing on language and other aspects of children's move from Pacific Islands early childhood

Sauvao, Le'autuli'ilagi M.; Mapa, Lia; Podmore, Valerie N.

276

Quality of Early Childhood Programs in Inclusive and Noninclusive Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed factors contributing to global program quality in 180 community-based child-care centers in North Carolina. Inclusive early-childhood programs scored higher on the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale. Other predictors of global program quality included teacher education, professional experience, and teacher self-ratings of…

Buysse, Virginia; Wesley, Patricia W.; Bryant, Donna; Gardner, Dave

1999-01-01

277

Quality, Compensation, & Affordability in Early Childhood Programs: An Action Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This packet is designed to provide strategies and suggestions for raising awareness and taking action on issues related to quality, compensation, and affordability in early childhood programs. Specific materials are designed for early childhood personnel, parents, civic and volunteer organizations, media, and policymakers. However, many of the…

National Association for the Education of Young Children, Washington, DC.

278

Rural Ojibwe Mothers' Experiences with Early Childhood Special Education Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two rural Ojibwe mothers whose young children received early childhood at-risk services were interviewed about their life circumstances and experiences with service delivery. Major interview themes that emerged included positive experiences and successes with early childhood special education services, and rural and cultural obstacles to the…

Aakhus, Belle P.; Hoover, John H.

279

Individualized Inclusion Plans at Work in Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article begins with a vignette about Carla, a 4-year-old girl with a diagnosis of developmental delays. It then describes a model to facilitate inclusion of young children in early childhood settings. The authors developed this model as they worked with practicing early childhood professionals. The model places emphasis on the following…

Hollingsworth, Heidi L.; Boone, Harriet Able; Crais, Elizabeth R.

2009-01-01

280

The Use of Personal Data Assistants in Early Childhood Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four early childhood education teachers, two veteran and two newer teachers, were asked to pilot the use of handheld Personal Data Assistants loaded with Childchart assessment software. The participants were observed in their use of the electronic devices for monitoring student performance and interviewed regarding the use of the devices and their implications for assessment of early childhood learners. Veteran

Michael W. Ledoux; Noreen N. Yoder; Barbara Hanes

2010-01-01

281

Early Childhood Education: History, Theory, and Practice. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Harry Morgan lays the foundations of what early childhood education is by integrating the history of the field with the philosophy and theories behind this discipline. From birth to age eight, when children become integrated into society through their education at school and at home, "Early Childhood Education" examines the education of this age…

Morgan, Harry

2010-01-01

282

Transition to School from Pacific Islands Early Childhood Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the need for additional information on the transition of children from Pacific Islands early childhood services to primary school, this exploratory study was designed to provide an account of the experiences of children, parents, and teachers, focusing on language and other aspects of children's move from Pacific Islands early childhood

Sauvao, Le'autuli'ilagi M.; Mapa, Lia; Podmore, Valerie N.

283

Starting Strong II: Early Childhood Education and Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of early childhood education and care (ECEC) in twenty OECD countries describes the social, economic, conceptual and research factors that influence early childhood policy. These include increasing women's labour market participation; reconciling work and family responsibilities on a more equitable basis for women; confronting the…

OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2006

2006-01-01

284

Researching Early Childhood Policy and Practice. A Critical Ecology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the renewed interest in early childhood education and care in European politics, and the implications for research in changing policy contexts. Based on the policy analysis, it argues for a radical reconceptualisation of how, with and for whom, and to what end we design, conduct and interpret research in early childhood in…

Urban, Mathias

2012-01-01

285

Early Childhood Education in American Indian and Alaska Native Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The expansion of early childhood education for American Indians and Alaska Natives has reflected the trend in the larger society. While efforts are being made to improve early childhood care and education for all children, deeper issues must be considered by Native Americans. First among them is the long history of forced assimilation and…

Paul, Alice S.

286

Temperament in Early Childhood: A Primer for the Perplexed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author presents an overview of basic concepts of early childhood temperament and argues that child behavior is the result of the interplay between nature and culture. Due to inconsistencies in the field, temperament research and clinical application can be challenging for early childhood practitioners to interpret and apply to their daily…

Sturm, Lynne

2004-01-01

287

Designs for Living and Learning: Transforming Early Childhood Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While the early childhood field has formed standards to help in recognizing quality programs for children, practitioners seldom use values to guide in selection of materials or to help plan early childhood environments. This book draws on a variety of educational approaches, including Waldorf, Montessori, and Reggio Emilia, to outline hundreds of…

Curtis, Deb; Carter, Margie

288

Teaching Practices that Promote Motor Skills in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood educators, especially those in preschool centers, are often expected to design and implement movement programs. However, these individuals may not have been taught these skills during their education. The purpose of this study was to determine if early childhood majors could successfully be taught to implement a mastery climate…

Robinson, Leah E.; Webster, E. Kipling; Logan, S. Wood; Lucas, W. Amarie; Barber, Laura T.

2012-01-01

289

Career perspectives of male students in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

While, in some professions, the gender balance seems to be changing in the direction of equality, the participation of males in early childhood education has not expanded because of stereotypical perceptions of this occupation, low salaries and status, and fear of being accused of sexual abuse. Males may make important contributions to the field of early childhood education as well

Sakire Anliak; Derya Sahin Beyazkurk

2008-01-01

290

The Case for Drug Prevention in Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research in drug prevention and early childhood education over the last three decades is reviewed. This data base strongly suggests that intensive drug prevention intervention with preschool children in early childhood programs could be effective in decreasing their drug use and abuse into adolescence and adulthood. There are additional indications that this possible long term effect would be related

Arthur J. Frankel

1998-01-01

291

Preparing Teachers for Inclusion: Jordanian Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was conducted during a period of national educational reforms in Jordan to investigate Jordanian preservice early childhood teachers' attitudes toward inclusion and the adequacy of their current preparation for implementing inclusion. The study also sought to identify the perceived concerns of preservice early childhood teachers about…

Fayez, Merfat; Dababneh, Kholoud; Jumiaan, Ibrahim

2011-01-01

292

Australian Early Childhood Educators: From Government Policy to University Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides an overview of the Australian Federal Government initiatives in the area of early childhood with regard to the provision of early childhood education and care. These changes have influenced a Western Australian university to develop an innovative birth to 8 years preservice educator education curriculum. Using an ecological…

Davies, Sharon; Trinidad, Sue

2013-01-01

293

Classroom Effects of an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development (ECEPD) project that provided high-quality, sustained, and intensive professional development designed to support developmentally appropriate instruction for preschool-age children based on the best available research on early childhood pedagogy, child development, and preschool…

Algozzine, Bob; Babb, Julie; Algozzine, Kate; Mraz, Maryann; Kissel, Brian; Spano, Sedra; Foxworth, Kimberly

2011-01-01

294

Quality in Early Childhood Programs: Reflections from Program Evaluation Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates how program evaluation has contributed to the definition of quality in early childhood programs and what social and cultural conditions have influenced these definitions. First, a review of evaluation reports from the last 3 decades identified three types of quality used to evaluate early childhood programs: (a)…

Lee, Jin-Hee; Walsh, Daniel J.

2004-01-01

295

Literacy in Early Childhood and Primary Education: Issues, Challenges, Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Literacy in Early Childhood and Primary Education provides a comprehensive introduction to literacy teaching and learning. The book explores the continuum of literacy learning and children's transitions from early childhood settings to junior primary classrooms and then to senior primary and beyond. Reader-friendly and accessible, this book…

McLachlan, Claire; Nicholson, Tom; Fielding-Barnsley, Ruth; Mercer, Louise; Ohi, Sarah

2012-01-01

296

The Preparation of Early Childhood Special Educators: A Model Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model personnel preparation program, funded by the U.S. Office of Special Education, that trains master's level early childhood special educators is presented. Rde definition is discussed. and the convergence of early childhood and special education as a combined discipline is reviewed. The theoretical perspectives of the program, including cognitive-developmental and ecological frameworks, are described. Coursework and internship arrangements are

Bruce L. Mallory

1983-01-01

297

Early Childhood Investment Yields Big Payoff. Policy Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent studies have found that investing in high-quality early childhood development (ECD) programs can positively impact children, their families, taxpayers, and the government. Studies suggest that one critical form of education, early childhood development is grossly under-funded and managed, investment in ECD yields an extraordinary return on…

Lynch, Robert G.

2005-01-01

298

Quality and Equity in Early Childhood Care in Peru  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study examines educational policy documents and programs on early childhood development and education in Peru. The author provides an evaluation of early childhood learning programs and their outcomes in different education centers in Peru. Health, nutrition, development, and participation are identified as key areas of concern. The…

Izu, Regina Moromizato

2006-01-01

299

Early Childhood Socialization: Societal Context and Childrearing Values in Hungary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the socio-cultural context of early childhood socialization in Hungary. Using a macroscopic lens, we describe the national demographic situation and the social organization of early childhood education and care. Our analysis then shifts to a microscopic focus on parental values and beliefs about the substance of what young…

Brayfield, April; Korintus, Marta

2011-01-01

300

Motivation, Work Satisfaction, and Teacher Change among Early Childhood Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study tests the explanatory power of Deci and Ryan's (1985) self-determination theory as a framework for describing how interactions between early childhood teachers and the systems within which their work is embedded influence motivation for professional growth and change in teaching practice. Fifty-four early childhood teachers and teacher…

Wagner, Brigid Daly; French, Lucia

2010-01-01

301

Supporting Early Childhood Educators through Professional Development Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the findings of a study that examined instruction in early childhood classrooms where teachers participated in high-quality, sustained, and intensive professional development through an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development partnership on literacy practices essential to school success. Comparisons made between…

Mraz, Maryann

2011-01-01

302

Teacher Training for Early Childhood Development and Education in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

The training of early childhood development and education (ECDE) teachers in Kenya remains a priority in recognition of the vital role well-trained professionals play in the quality of early childhood experiences for children ages 0+ to 5+. This article provides a detailed overview of the current structure and training of ECDE professionals, including pedagogical strategies and curricular guidelines. Specific attention

Tata Mbugua

2009-01-01

303

A Nordic Perspective on Early Childhood Education and Care Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The national policies and historical roots of early childhood education (ECE) vary from society to society. In the Nordic countries, early childhood education and care (ECEC) policies have been built in the context of the welfare state. As such, they are closely connected to other welfare policy areas such as social policy, family policy and…

Karila, Kirsti

2012-01-01

304

Principle-Centered Leadership in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the most important aspects of any early childhood setting is the quality of its leadership. Leaders set the tone and are critical to the development of a nurturing environment that supports families and staff, who then encourage children to flourish. A principle-centered leadership approach is an effective model for early childhood

Carr, Victoria; Johnson, Lawrence J.; Corkwell, Connie

2009-01-01

305

Surprising Destinations: A Guide to Essential Learning in Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the experience of two early childhood teachers in a research-based collaborative effort to join a preschool class with a first-second grade class for various learning projects, this book offers a model for an approach to early childhood curriculum. The curriculum integrates art, science, gardening, celebrations, intergenerational program…

Glover, Mary Kenner; Giacalone, Beth

306

Longitudinal Associations between Endogenous Melatonin Production and Reported Sleep Duration from Childhood to Early Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: The study objective was to assess longitudinal associations between melatonin secretion and reported sleep duration from childhood to early adulthood. Methods: In the frame of the Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed (DONALD) Study, 24-hour melatonin secretion and average daily sleep duration were determined once during childhood (4–< 11 years), adolescence (11–<16 years) and early adulthood (16–19 years) in

Katharina Diethelm; Lars Libuda; Katja Bolzenius; Barbara Griefahn; Anette E. Buyken; Thomas Remer

2010-01-01

307

Learning a Music Instrument in Early Childhood: What Can We Learn from Professional Musicians' Childhood Memories?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Professional early childhood educators are often asked for advice about whether or when a young child should learn to play a music instrument. Many educators who do not have a background in music education may not be confident in providing such advice. A range of overseas research has supported learning a music instrument in the early childhood

Smith, Wyverne

2008-01-01

308

Acute megakaryoblastic leukemia in early childhood.  

PubMed

Two girls, each less than 2 yr of age, developed acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (malignant myelosclerosis). Both presented with anemia, severe thrombocytopenia, and a low percentage of blasts in their peripheral blood. Their marrow showed marked reticulin fibrosis with an increase in blasts and immature megakaryocytes. The blasts stained negatively for myeloperoxidase and Sudan Black B, but showed acid phosphatase (ACP) and alpha-naphthyl acetate esterase (ANAE) activity inhibitable by sodium fluoride. They were identified as megakaryoblasts by the platelet peroxidase reaction. Cytogenetic studies showed multiple chromosomal abnormalities in both cases. Chemotherapy with vincristine, prednisone, and L-asparaginase was without effect, while daunorubicin and cytosine arabinoside induced a complete remission in one case. The second case responded to a combination of cytosine arabinoside, daunorubicin, and 6-thioguanine. This article documents that acute megakaryoblastic leukemia occurs in early childhood and describes its clinical, pathologic, and cytogenetic features. Previous reports of childhood "myelofibrosis" are reviewed, and their possible relationship with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia is discussed. PMID:6860797

Chan, W C; Brynes, R K; Kim, T H; Verras, A; Schick, C; Green, R J; Ragab, A H

1983-07-01

309

Tennessee's Statewide Early Childhood Training System (TECTA): Improving the Quality of Early Childhood Services through Coordinated Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A critical issue facing the nation today stems from the fact that many classroom teachers in Early Childhood Education lack adequate training. This deficit in the professional education of teachers impacts outcomes for children every day. This article discusses the establishment of a training system that has impacted Early Childhood education in…

Mietlicki, Connie

2010-01-01

310

Use of Child Development Assessment in Early Childhood Education: Early Childhood Practitioner and Student Attitudes toward Formal and Informal Testing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Twenty early childhood practitioners (ECPs) and final-year Bachelor of Early Childhood Studies students completed a questionnaire about their use (or planned use) of formal and informal child development assessment instruments, their choice of specific instruments, and factors influencing decisions to conduct child development assessments within…

Brown, Jacqueline; Rolfe, Sharne A.

2005-01-01

311

Development of the Early Childhood Curricular Beliefs Inventory: An Instrument to Identify Preservice Teachers' Early Childhood Curricular Orientation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to develop and field test an instrument that provides an efficient and scholarly tool for exploring curricular beliefs of preservice teachers in the area of early childhood education. The Early Childhood Curricular Beliefs Inventory (ECCBI) was developed through procedures that evaluated the content validity of identified statements, explored the criterion and construct validity, and

Melanie Kannwischer Jensen

2004-01-01

312

Early Childhood Programs and National Service: A Resource Guide for Community-Based Early Childhood Planning. Preliminary Version.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This preliminary guide is designed to help AmeriCorps and other national service programs plan and deliver effective early childhood services. The guide can also be used in community-based planning to incorporate national service organizations in early childhood program initiatives. Following an overview of the roles that AmeriCorps and other…

Collins, Ray; And Others

313

Use of Child Development Assessment in Early Childhood Education: Early Childhood Practitioner and Student Attitudes toward Formal and Informal Testing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty early childhood practitioners (ECPs) and final-year Bachelor of Early Childhood Studies students completed a questionnaire about their use (or planned use) of formal and informal child development assessment instruments, their choice of specific instruments, and factors influencing decisions to conduct child development assessments within…

Brown, Jacqueline; Rolfe, Sharne A.

2005-01-01

314

The New York City Early Childhood Initiative Year II Evaluation. Learning Together: Children's Progress in Integrative Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Initiative (ECI), supported by the Fund for New York City Public Education, operates in four New York City schools, reinventing the early childhood classroom by combining special education and general education team teaching and a heterogeneous mix of students with developmentally appropriate instruction, authentic assessment,…

Winking, Deborah; Farley, Joanne; Schweder, Heather; Mabry, Linda

315

The Impact of Government Regulations on Early Childhood Services: Perceptions of Early Childhood Professionals in the South West of England  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the impact of government regulations pertaining to the operation of a range of early childhood services on day to day practice within such services. A non random sample of twenty four early childhood service managers in the south west of England participated in structured interviews in order to assess their awareness of existing government regulations and to

Jillian Rodd

1999-01-01

316

Early Childhood Services in the OECD Countries: Review of the literature and current policy in the early childhood field  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this publication is to provide a review of the literature and current policies of early childhood education and care in the economically most advanced countries of the world. The introductory chapter provides some basic definitions: what is meant by 'early childhood services' both in the narrow sense of care and education services for young children (family day

John Bennett

2008-01-01

317

Managing severe epilepsy syndromes of early childhood.  

PubMed

Managing severe epilepsy syndromes of early childhood is challenging as the seizures are typically resistant to treatment and may cause disabling mental and behavioral problems in later life. A comprehensive treatment plan includes pharmacologic, nonpharmacologic, and surgical options. This article reviews clinical studies examining the efficacies of antiepileptic medications in reducing seizure frequency in Dravet syndrome, Doose syndrome, and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. The benefits of the ketogenic diet for children with these severe epilepsies, together with the advantages of vagus nerve stimulation and corpus callosotomy in those patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, are also discussed. Special treatment considerations for each syndrome are also highlighted to improve the management of patients with these syndromes. PMID:19666880

Wheless, James W

2009-08-01

318

Early childhood caries in Indigenous communities  

PubMed Central

The oral health of Indigenous children of Canada (First Nations, Inuit and Métis) and the United States (American Indian and Alaska Native) is a major child health issue. This is exemplified by the high prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) with resulting adverse health effects, as well as high rates and costs of restorative and surgical treatments under general anesthesia. ECC is an infectious disease that is influenced by multiple factors, including socioeconomic determinants, and requires a combination of approaches for improvement. The present statement includes recommendations for oral health preventive and clinical care for young infants and pregnant women by primary health care providers, community-based health promotion initiatives, oral health workforce and access issues, and advocacy for community water fluoridation and fluoride varnish program access. Further community-based research on the epidemiology, prevention, management and microbiology of ECC in Indigenous communities would be beneficial.

Irvine, JD; Holve, S; Krol, D; Schroth, R

2011-01-01

319

Early childhood caries--a review.  

PubMed

Early childhood caries (ECC) is rampant caries of the primary dentition of infants and toddlers. It represents a serious problem in dentistry as it progresses rapidly and affects young children. There is a need to identify risk factors for ECC so that targeted, cost-effective interventions can be designed. The literature indicates that immediate intervention is necessary to prevent further dental destruction, as well as more widespread health problems. Clinical Relevance: Currently, some 4 out of 10 children starting school have decay in their primary dentition. It is prudent for dentists who diagnose ECC to provide therapy or, if treatment is not possible as a result of the young age of the child and limited co-operation, then it is important to refer the patient to an appropriately trained individual for therapy. PMID:18087926

Misra, Sangeeta; Tahmassebi, Jinous F; Brosnan, Michael

2007-11-01

320

Iron Deficiency in Early Childhood in the United States: Risk Factors and Racial\\/Ethnic Disparities  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND.Iron deficiency affects 2.4 million US children, and childhood iron- deficiency anemia is associated with behavioral and cognitive delays. Given the detrimental long-term effects and high prevalence of iron deficiency, its preven- tion in early childhood is an important public health issue. OBJECTIVES.The study objectives were to (1) identify risk factors for iron deficiency in US children 1 to 3

Jane M. Brotanek; Jacqueline Gosz; Michael Weitzman; Glenn Flores

2010-01-01

321

Collaborative, Site-Based Early Childhood Teacher Preparation Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Collaborative, Site-Based Teacher Preparation Program in Early Childhood has transformed the way that the Uni- versity of Wisconsin-Green Bay Pro- fessional Program in Education con- ducts early childhood teacher prepara- tion. Preservice teachers now engage in performance-based learning in col- laboratively supported, community- and public school-based early child- hood settings where they learn to work with culturally, linguistically, and

Patricia E. Ragan

322

Linking families and early childhood education: A global perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  A global human ecological system framework is discussed and utilized in this paper. Three main themes are emphasized:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 1. \\u000a Early childhood educators need to be especially prepared to understand families, in addition to a thorough grounding in child\\u000a development and in early childhood education curriculum and procedures.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 2. \\u000a Early childhood education is presented as a part of a family support

Verna Hildebrand

1985-01-01

323

Tacoma Public Schools Early Childhood Program, Tacoma, Washington: Combined Local, State, and Federal Funds Support a Large-Scale Early Childhood Program in the Public Schools. Model Programs--Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Tacoma Public Schools Early Childhood Program is a comprehensive effort to give economically disadvantaged children an early education program which will have continuity and long-range effectiveness. Involving 5 years of education (3-year-olds through grade 3), the program uses the Responsive Environment Model, which has as its objectives the…

American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.

324

Effects of Early Childhood Supplementation on the Educational Achievement of Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Malnutrition during early childhood has been suggested to cause functional disad- vantages in adults, including reduced intelligence and lower educational achievement (EA). We assessed the effects of improved nutrition in early life on the EA of women in 4 rural Guatemalan villages. Methods. The study sample comprised 130 female singletons exposed to either Atole (53%, 91 kcal and 6.4

Haojie Li; Huiman X. Barnhart; Aryeh D. Stein; Reynaldo Martorell

2010-01-01

325

Depression and Anxiety Symptoms: Onset, Developmental Course and Risk Factors during Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Depressive and anxiety disorders are among the top ten leading causes of disabilities. We know little, however, about the onset, developmental course and early risk factors for depressive and anxiety symptoms (DAS). Objective: Model the developmental trajectories of DAS during early childhood and to identify risk factors for…

Cote, Sylvana M.; Boivin, Michel; Liu, Xuecheng; Nagin, Daniel S.; Zoccolillo, Mark; Tremblay, Richard E.

2009-01-01

326

Childhood Risk Factors for Early-Onset Drinking*  

PubMed Central

Objective: There is relatively little research on the childhood antecedent predictors of early-onset alcohol use. This study examined an array of psychosocial variables assessed at age 10 and reflecting Problem Behavior Theory as potential antecedent risk factors for the initiation of alcohol use at age 14 or younger. Method: A sample of 452 children (238 girls) ages 8 or 10 and their families was drawn from Allegheny County, PA, using targeted-age directory sampling and random-digit dialing procedures. Children and parents were interviewed using computer-assisted interviews. Logistic regression analyses were used to examine the age-10 univariate and multivariate predictors of the initiation of alcohol use by age 14 or younger. Results: Twenty-five percent of the sample reported having more than a sip or a taste of alcohol in their life by age 14. Sex, race, and age cohort did not relate to early drinking status. Children with two parents were less likely to initiate drinking early. Early initiation of drinking related significantly to an array of antecedent risk factors (personality, social environment, and behavioral) assessed at age 10 that reflect psychosocial proneness for problem behavior. In the multivariate model, the variables most predictive of early-onset drinking were having a single parent, sipping or tasting alcohol by age 10, having parents who also started drinking at an early age, and parental drinking frequency. Conclusions: Initiation of alcohol use by age 14 reflects childhood psychosocial proneness to engage in problem behavior as measured by Problem Behavior Theory and having a family environment conducive to alcohol use.

Donovan, John E.; Molina, Brooke S. G.

2011-01-01

327

Government Education Expenditures in Early and Late Childhood (preliminary version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human capital investment in early childhood can lead to large and persistent gains. Beyond this window of opportunity, human capital accumulation is more costly. Despite compelling evidence in support of this notion, government education spending is allocated disproportionately toward later childhood and young adulthood. We consider the consequences of a reallocation using an overlapping generations model with private and public

William Blankenau; Casey Abington

328

Associations between Early Childhood Temperament Clusters and Later Psychosocial Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study adopted a person-centered approach to examine whether clusters of children could be identified on the basis of temperament profiles assessed on four occasions from infancy to early childhood, and if so whether differing temperament clusters were associated with subsequent differences in behavior problems, social skills, and school adjustment in middle and late childhood. Parent, teacher, and self-report data

Ann Sanson; Primrose Letcher; Diana Smart; Margot Prior; John W. Toumbourou; Frank Oberklaid

2009-01-01

329

Maternal nutrition and oral health factors in early childhood caries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most common chronic infectious disease of childhood worldwide. Seven of ten American children have one or more decayed or filled primary teeth by age five. ECC prevalence is especially high in lower socio-economic ethnic populations. Commonly recognized as a diet-induced disease, focal etiological factors include cariogenic bacteria, fermentable carbohydrates, and a susceptible newly

Sue Etta Daily Cunningham

2007-01-01

330

Tensions in Incorporating Global Childhood with Early Childhood Programs: The Case of South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Global childhood as a concept privileges western ideals of how young children experience growing up, how adults educate them, and how priorities are set for them. Ways of knowing and doing early childhood are backed by Euro-American knowledge, international conventions and scientific evidence which gives a semblance of the truths for intervening…

Ebrahim, Hasina

2012-01-01

331

Constructions of Childhood in Early Childhood Education Policy Debate in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What assumptions about children and childhood are held by government officials and organisation representatives who are influential in policy formation in early childhood education (ECE) in New Zealand? How are assumptions manifested in policy? This article draws on a study carried out from 2001 to 2003, a time of radical ECE policy change in New…

Mitchell, Linda

2010-01-01

332

National Association of Early Childhood Teacher Educators (NAECTE) Position Statement on Early Childhood Certification for Teachers of Children 8 Years Old and Younger in Public School Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the National Association of Early Childhood Teacher Educators' (NAECTE) position statement on early childhood certification for teachers of children 8 years old and younger in public school settings. The association requires public schools to employ and assign teachers with early childhood certification/endorsement to early

Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, 2009

2009-01-01

333

Montessori and Early Childhood Education: A Contemporary Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys constructivism and developmental psychology, including work by Piaget, Vygotsky, Bruner, Gardner, Kamii, and DeVries. Considers the influence of Montessori pedagogy on early childhood education in contrast to its neglect in professional literature. (JPB)

Haines, Annette

2000-01-01

334

Providing Foundations for Social Studies in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recommends the introduction of social studies/social science content into early childhood and elementary grade curricula. Gives examples of activities based on simple concepts in history, psychology, and geography. (AV)|

Pagano, Alicia L.

1978-01-01

335

Montessori and Early Childhood Education: A Contemporary Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Surveys constructivism and developmental psychology, including work by Piaget, Vygotsky, Bruner, Gardner, Kamii, and DeVries. Considers the influence of Montessori pedagogy on early childhood education in contrast to its neglect in professional literature. (JPB)|

Haines, Annette

2000-01-01

336

The Case for an Early Childhood Development Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prenal and early childhood experiences have a more powerfull and longlasting effect on subsequent health, well-being and competence than had been previously thought. The new evidence supporting this claim is rich in implications for policy in Canada.

C. Hertzman

2000-01-01

337

The Early Childhood Intervention Project: Building Capacity for Service Delivery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation study showed the PASSKey (Planned Activity, Strategic Sampling, Keystone behavior) model of service delivery to be reliable in increasing accountability of parents and teachers in early-childhood interventions. Case study results (N=28) are included. (EMK)

Barnett, David W.; Bell, Susan H.; Bauer, Annie; Lentz, Francis E., Jr.; Petrelli, Sabrina; Air, Amy; Hannum, Laurel; Ehrhardt, Kristal E.; Peters, Cynthia A.; Barnhouse, Lisa; Reifin, Linda H.; Stollar, Stephanie

1997-01-01

338

Family Involvement in Career Education in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reviews current practices, both nationwide and in Ohio, regarding family involvement in early childhood career education. Also discussed are the parents' planning and advisory role and participant role; several recommendations are offered. Available from: PS 504 969. (JMB)|

Navin, Sally L.; Sears, Susan J.

1976-01-01

339

Scaffolding conceptual change in early childhood  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The general educational literature draws our attention to the limitations of Piaget’s work and presents a number of interesting ideas that science educators and researchers could consider. Of interest are Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky’s writings on the zone of proximal development and the more recent writings of Jerome Bruner on scaffolding. The notion of learning as a a socially constructed process in opposition to the more individualistic orientation of Piaget has challenged much of our educational practice. This paper will briefly explore the basic tenets of constructivism and contrast the theories developed from within this paradigm to the work of Vygotsky and Bruner through an analysis of classroom discourse collected from a number of early childhood classes involved in the interactive teaching approach to science. Transcripts of teacher-child discourse are presented as evidence to support the proposition that when the teacher’s role is not clearly defined, the range of teacher-child interactions will vary enormously, and the subsequent learning outcomes for children will be quite different.

Fleer, Marilyn

1990-01-01

340

Research issues in early childhood caries.  

PubMed

Research is needed to establish what nomenclature and case definition for early childhood caries (ECC) are most relevant to health care professionals and to the public. Profiles or indexes for predicting the prevalence of ECC in communities should be developed on the basis of the socioeconomic factors, immigrant status and ethnic/racial backgrounds of populations. Future research should target risk factors of ECC, particularly prenatal and perinatal histories, nutritional status and microbiologic factors. Determining the relation of malnutrition of infants and young children, low birthweight, complicated pregnancies and traumatic births with the development of enamel linear hypoplasia deserves research attention. Factors that affect how and when infants and young children are colonized by mutans streptococci also need further study. The evaluation of chemotherapeutic preventive agents will likely yield more fruitful interventions for prevention than trying to change behaviors. Research in young children to prevent ECC, however, has particular ethical considerations. Withholding treatments or administering placebos to vulnerable subjects is not acceptable. Consequently, future clinical research likely will determine the relative rather than the absolute effectiveness of preventive regimens; the former requires large sample sizes and may necessitate multi-center studies. Human studies may be hampered by problems of recruitment, compliance and transiency of subjects. Because federal support for research on dental caries has declined in recent years, a special initiative that focuses specifically on ECC may be necessary to obtain adequate funding for research on the disease. PMID:9671202

Horowitz, H S

1998-01-01

341

Early childhood numeracy in a multiage setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research is a case study examining numeracy teaching and learning practices in an early childhood multiage setting with Pre-Primary to Year 2 children. Data were collected via running records, researcher reflection notes, and video and audio recordings. Video and audio transcripts were analysed using a mathematical discourse and social interactions coding system designed by MacMillan (1998), while the running records and reflection notes contributed to descriptions of the children's interactions with each other and with the teachers. Teachers used an `assisted performance' approach to instruction that supported problem solving and inquiry processes in mathematics activities, and this, combined with a child-centred pedagogy and specific values about community learning, created a learning environment designed to stimulate and foster learning. The mathematics discourse analysis showed a use of explanatory language in mathematics discourse, and this language supported scaffolding among children for new mathematics concepts. These and other interactions related to peer sharing, tutoring and regulation also emerged as key aspects of students' learning practices. However, the findings indicated that multiage grouping alone did not support learning. Rather, effective learning was dependent upon the teacher's capacities to develop productive discussion among children, as well as implement developmentally appropriate curricula that addressed the needs of the different children.

Wood, Karen; Frid, Sandra

2005-10-01

342

Similar Developmental Trajectories in Autism and Asperger Syndrome: From Early Childhood to Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The objective of this study was to chart the developmental trajectories of high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) from early childhood to adolescence using the presence and absence of structural language impairment (StrLI) as a way of differentiating autism from Asperger syndrome (AS). Method: Sixty-four…

Szatmari, Peter; Bryson, Susan; Duku, Eric; Vaccarella, Liezanne; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Bennett, Teresa; Boyle, Michael H.

2009-01-01

343

An Eco-Behavioral Approach to Examining the Contextual Effects of Early Childhood Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identified child and classroom characteristics accompanying complex peer and object interactions in ethnically diverse early childhood classrooms. Found that complex peer interactions were most likely for girls, especially English-speaking, when there was no teacher involvement, and in creative activities. Complex interactions with objects were…

Kontos, Susan; Burchinal, Margaret; Howes, Carollee; Wisseh, Steve; Galinsky, Ellen

2002-01-01

344

Changes in the social definition of early childhood and the new forms of symbolic violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nursery school may be considered an institution and a market where the habits produced by the family are moulded, developed and standardized; thus, it is confronted with an objective definition of early childhood embedded in pedagogical practices. The proper objective of a sociology of nursery-school practice is the analysis of the lag between the functions delegated to the school

J. C. Chamboredon; J. Prévot

1975-01-01

345

Early childhood education and care regulation: a comparative perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although all industrialized countries regulate early childhood education and care establishaments, regulatory regimes differ substantially. Early childhood education and care regulation is provider-focused in France and Germany, child-focused in Sweden, and facility-focused in the United States. Regulatory enforcement also varies sharply, with France, Germany, and Sweden stressing technical assistance, while the United States stresses compliance. A review of controversies reveals

William T. Gormley

2000-01-01

346

The Emotionally Intelligent Early Childhood Educator: Self-Reflective Journaling  

Microsoft Academic Search

A current interest in education is the growing awareness that the development of social and emotional skills in children is\\u000a critical for the foundation of academic knowledge in the classroom. The early childhood educator is in a position to be a\\u000a powerful nurturer of the social emotional development in young children. It is important, therefore, to challenge early childhood\\u000a teachers,

Janet Pickard Kremenitzer

2005-01-01

347

HomeSchool Communication in the Early Childhood Development Phase  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective two-way communication is the most important but least measurable factor in developing successful home-school relationships. Where effective communication is established and sustained in a comprehensive parent involvement programme, there are many positive outcomes for early childhood learners as well as learners in higher grades (Christenson, Rounds & Gorney 1992:178-206). Moreover, where parent involvement programmes are established in early childhood

Radhike Bridgemohan; Noleen van Wyk; Christina Van Staden

2005-01-01

348

Identifying sectarian content for Jewish Early Childhood educational programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study identified appropriate sectarian content for Jewish Early Childhood education programs. Using a national sample\\u000a of early childhood Jewish educators, a Delphi technique was used to identify specific elements of Jewish history and culture\\u000a considered worthy to be taught to young Jewish children. Seven categories of study were identified: (1) Jewish tradition as\\u000a expressed in Jewish literature beginning with

Miriam Feinberg; Olivia N. Saracho; Bernard Spodek

1990-01-01

349

Quality and equity in early childhood care in Peru  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examines educational policy documents and programs on early childhood development and education in Peru.\\u000a The author provides an evaluation of early childhood learning programs and their outcomes in different education centers in\\u000a Peru. Health, nutrition, development, and participation are identified as key areas of concern. The study concludes with a\\u000a reference to the importance of monitoring quality

Regina Moromizato Izu

2007-01-01

350

Hypoplasia-associated Severe Early Childhood Caries – A Proposed Definition  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new classification of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC): hypoplasia-associated severe early childhood caries (HAS-ECC). This form of caries affects mostly young children living at or below poverty, characterized by structurally damaged primary teeth that are particularly vulnerable to dental caries. These predisposing developmental dental defects are mainly permutations of enamel hypoplasia (EHP). Anthropologists and dental researchers consider

P. W. Caufield; Y. Li; T. G. Bromage

2012-01-01

351

Low Dairy Intake in Early Childhood Predicts Excess Body Fat Gain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To estimate the effect of dairy intake in early childhood on the acquisition of body fat throughout childhood.Research Methods and Procedures: Ninety-nine of the original 106 families enrolled in the Framingham Children’s Study with a child age to 6 years at baseline were followed into adolescence through yearly clinic visits and periodic data collection throughout each year. Dairy intake

Lynn L. Moore; M. Loring Bradlee; Di Gao; Martha R. Singer

2006-01-01

352

Early Childhood Education in Zimbabwe: Recent Trends and Prospects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews recent trends in early childhood teacher education in Zimbabwe in the context of overall teacher reform. Describes social tensions stemming from current system of early education and care, along with a survey of parents, teachers, and primary school headmasters. Discusses how diversity of meanings attached to early education poses…

Cleghorn, Ailie; Prochner, Larry

1997-01-01

353

Early childhood infection and atopic disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUNDAtopy is of complex origins but the recent rise in atopic diseases in westernised communities points to the action of important environmental effects. One candidate mechanism is the changing pattern of microbial exposure in childhood. This epidemiological study investigated the relationship between childhood infections and subsequent atopic disease, taking into account a range of social and medical variables.METHODSA total of

I Sadaf Farooqi; Julian M Hopkin

1998-01-01

354

Predictable locations aid early object name learning.  

PubMed

Expectancy-based localized attention has been shown to promote the formation and retrieval of multisensory memories in adults. Three experiments show that these processes also characterize attention and learning in 16- to 18-month old infants and, moreover, that these processes may play a critical role in supporting early object name learning. The three experiments show that infants learn names for objects when those objects have predictable rather than varied locations, that infants who anticipate the location of named objects better learn those object names, and that infants integrate experiences that are separated in time but share a common location. Taken together, these results suggest that localized attention, cued attention, and spatial indexing are an inter-related set of processes in young children that aid in the early building of coherent object representations. The relevance of the experimental results and spatial attention for everyday word learning are discussed. PMID:22989872

Benitez, Viridiana L; Smith, Linda B

2012-09-16

355

Early childhood television viewing predicts explosive leg strength and waist circumference by middle childhood  

PubMed Central

Background The relationship between early childhood television viewing and physical fitness in school age children has not been extensively studied using objective outcome measures. Methods Using a sample of 1314 children from the Québec Longitudinal Study of Child Development, we examine the association between parental reports of weekly hours of television viewing, assessed at 29 and 53 months of age, and direct measures of second grade muscular fitness using performances on the standing long jump test (SLJ) and fourth grade waist circumference. Results Controlling for many potentially confounding child and family variables, each hour per week of television watched at 29 months corresponded to a .361 cm decrease in SLJ, 95% CI between -.576 and -.145. A one hour increase in average weekly television exposure from 29 to 53 months was associated with a further .285 cm reduction in SLJ test performance, 95% CI between -.436 and -.134 cm and corresponded to a .047 cm increase in waistline circumference, 95% CI between .001 and .094 cm. Interpretation Watching television excessively in early childhood, may eventually compromise muscular fitness and waist circumference in children as they approach pubertal age.

2012-01-01

356

Frequency of Six Early Childhood Education Approaches: A 10Year Content Analysis of Early Childhood Education Journal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The frequency of early childhood education approaches spanning 10 years of publications was investigated. A content analysis\\u000a of publications (N = 492) from Early Childhood Education Journal was conducted. From a previous content analysis six approaches or search words were identified: Bank Street, Head Start,\\u000a High\\/Scope, Montessori, Reggio Emilia, and Waldorf. Overall, the current content analysis demonstrated that the Head Start\\u000a approach most

Bridget A. Walsh; Karen Petty

2007-01-01

357

Metabolic risk in early childhood: the EarlyBird Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: For a decade or more, poor nutrition during gestation, expressed as low weight at birth, was held to be the factor responsible for insulin resistance later in life. Birth weights, however, are rising and insulin-resistant states, such as diabetes, faster still. Alternative explanations are needed for insulin resistance in contemporary society. This review cites data from the EarlyBird study

T J Wilkin; L D Voss; B S Metcalf; K Mallam; A N Jeffery; S Alba; M J Murphy

2004-01-01

358

Investigating Pre-Service Early Childhood Teachers' Views and Intentions about Integrating and Using Computers in Early Childhood Settings: Compilation of an Instrument  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the compilation of an instrument in order to investigate pre-service early childhood teachers' views and intentions about integrating and using computers in early childhood settings. For the purpose of this study a questionnaire was compiled and administered to 258 pre-service early childhood teachers (PECTs), in Greece. A…

Nikolopoulou, Kleopatra; Gialamas, Vasilis

2009-01-01

359

In-Service and Pre-Service Early Childhood Teachers' Views and Intentions about ICT Use in Early Childhood Settings: A Comparative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper regards a comparative study which investigates in-service and pre-service Greek early childhood teachers' views and intentions about integrating and using computers in early childhood settings. Views and intentions were investigated via a questionnaire administered to 240 in-service and 428 pre-service early childhood teachers.…

Gialamas, Vasilis; Nikolopoulou, Kleopatra

2010-01-01

360

Who is a Good Early Childhood Educator? A Critical Study of Differences within a Universal Professional Identity in Early Childhood Education Preparation Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a qualitative research project that examined ways in which pedagogical discourses within an early childhood education college preparation program construct a universal identity of the “good early childhood educator.” Drawing upon theoretical explanations of the concept of difference in professional identification, a discursive analysis of the research participants' views indicates that the good early childhood educator

Rachel Langford

2007-01-01

361

More than a shortage of early childhood teachers: looking beyond the recruitment of university qualified teachers to promote quality early childhood education and care  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australia and internationally, government policies aim to increase the supply of early childhood teachers and thus improve the quality of early childhood education and care services. In this paper, we suggest that such a policy-quality trajectory in Australia is not as straightforward as policy discourses suggest. From industrial relations and broader policy contexts, we argue that the early childhood

Marianne Fenech; Manjula Waniganayake; Alma Fleet

2009-01-01

362

Mechanisms of the Relation between Perinatal Problems, Early Childhood Illness, and Psychopathology in Late Childhood and Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data on perinatal and early childhood somatic and psychological risk factors of a random sample of children in early to middle childhood were used to examine the long-term risk of emotional and behavioral problems of late childhood and adolescence. (PCB)

Cohen, Patricia; And Others

1989-01-01

363

Digital, Hybrid, and Multilingual Literacies in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines sociocultural research on early literacy development in the digital age. The last decade has witnessed a proliferation of informational technology that has fundamentally shifted how we think about language and literacy in the early childhood years. Despite these trends, narrow and reductive views of literacy continue to…

Razfar, Aria; Yang, Eunah

2010-01-01

364

Understanding Inclusive Early Childhood Education: A Capability Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the application of current discourse in inclusive education, particularly the capability approach and its utility in early childhood education. The article highlights the tensions between a rights-based discourse that informs inclusive education practice and the right for children to have early intervention. Structural…

Underwood, Kathryn; Valeo, Angela; Wood, Rebecca

2012-01-01

365

Developmentally Appropriate Practice and Early Childhood Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines issues related to current practice in early childhood special education in light of developmentally appropriate practice (DAP). Focuses on the appropriateness of DAP principles to the education of young children with disabilities, specifically the importance placed on play in mainstream early education and whether this can be transferred…

Copland, Ian

1995-01-01

366

Towards a global paradigm for research into early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early years education is now a global activity, as school systems expand and diverse programmes become established in countries throughout the world. We inherit a rich legacy of theories, methodologies and evidence, from the vision of early childhood pioneers to the latest empirical research. I want to step back from particular initiatives and research evaluations to consider the underlying images

Martin Woodhead

1999-01-01

367

The Role of Curriculum Models in Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior to the introduction of experimental preschool inter- vention programs in the late 1950s, systematic variation of early childhood programs was minimal. This situation changed with the advent of early intervention programs for preschool-aged children, including the launch of Head Start in 1965 and its continuation into the primary grades in 1967 via Project Follow Through. These two federal programs

Stacie G. Goffin; ERIC DIGEST

368

Listening in Early Childhood: An Interdisciplinary Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three general purposes of research in human development are to explain, predict, and modify behavior. Studies of listening during early childhood (birth through age eight) are of particular significance to the field because they enable researchers to describe listening processes from their very origins (explain), they demonstrate the effects of early listening experiences on later experiences (predict), and they offer

Mary Renck Jalongo

2010-01-01

369

A study of early childhood education programmes in Delhi, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early years is the period of rapid physical and mental growth wherein the foundation for the child's development is laid and therefore, these years are considered extremely critical for the overall development of the child. Given the critical significance of these early childhood years, it is imperative for every child to get the opportunity to develop in a stimulating environment.

Neelima Chopra

2012-01-01

370

Understanding Inclusive Early Childhood Education: A Capability Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the application of current discourse in inclusive education, particularly the capability approach and its utility in early childhood education. The article highlights the tensions between a rights-based discourse that informs inclusive education practice and the right for children to have early intervention. Structural…

Underwood, Kathryn; Valeo, Angela; Wood, Rebecca

2012-01-01

371

Understanding Early Childhood Mental Health: A Practical Guide for Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating infant mental health services into early education programs leads to better child outcomes and stronger parent-child relationships--the big question is how to do it appropriately and effectively. Clear answers are in this accessible textbook, created to prepare early childhood professionals and programs to weave best practices in…

Summers, Susan Janko, Ed.; Chazan-Cohen, Rachel, Ed.

2012-01-01

372

Should Rewards Have a Place in Early Childhood Programs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Does the use of rewards to motivate children to learn or to follow classroom rules run counter to fostering a true desire for mastery? This column, which consists of two separate articles, provides the opposing opinions of the authors regarding the appropriateness of giving rewards in an early childhood classroom. In "Using Rewards in the Early

Shiller, Virginia M.; O'Flynn, Janet C.; Reineke, June; Sonsteng, Kathleen; Gartrell, Dan

2008-01-01

373

Report of CCI Early Childhood Think Tank on Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Child Care, Inc. (CCI) invited a group of early childhood experts to help reflect on what CCI had learned from other states about governance and to apply that knowledge to New York City. The goal was to foster more systemic thinking about how to move toward a more coherent early care and education system in New York City that would better meet…

Child Care, Inc., 2008

2008-01-01

374

Understanding Early Childhood Mental Health: A Practical Guide for Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Integrating infant mental health services into early education programs leads to better child outcomes and stronger parent-child relationships--the big question is how to do it appropriately and effectively. Clear answers are in this accessible textbook, created to prepare early childhood professionals and programs to weave best practices in…

Summers, Susan Janko, Ed.; Chazan-Cohen, Rachel, Ed.

2012-01-01

375

ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education (ERIC/EECE) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign provides ready access to a wide array of information resources in the areas of child development, the education and care of children from birth through early adolescence, the teaching of young children, and parenting and family life.

376

Five-Star Schools: Defining Quality in Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Hakeem, Emily, Jose, and Latisha are all entering preschool in the fall. Their mothers are looking for the highest quality early childhood program they can find. Is there a guide for them to find a five-star program? Are all certified or accredited programs of equal quality? How do these parents and guardians know what defines quality in early

Hertzog, Nancy B.

2012-01-01

377

A Study of Early Childhood Education Programmes in Delhi, India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early years is the period of rapid physical and mental growth wherein the foundation for the child's development is laid and therefore, these years are considered extremely critical for the overall development of the child. Given the critical significance of these early childhood years, it is imperative for every child to get the opportunity to…

Chopra, Neelima

2012-01-01

378

Early childhood education and intervention: Establishing an American tradition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traces the influence of recent social, political, and economic forces on the evolution of American early childhood education. Since the learning experiences of young children affect development in major domains of their behavior, it is no surprise that contemporary early education practices have been shaped by the knowledge base of developmental psychology. Project Head Start, a massive federal social experiment,

Richard A. Weinberg

1979-01-01

379

Draft National Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Policy reaffirms the commitment of the Government of India to provide integrated services for holistic development of all children, along the continuum, from the prenatal period to six years of age. The Policy lays down the way forward for a comprehensive approach towards ensuring a sound foundation, with focus on early learning,

2012-01-01

380

Online Professional Development: Choices for Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood educators are responsible for providing young children with the best possible early care and education. Research on child care workers' education has shown that professional preparation makes a significant impact on children's cognitive and emotional development (National Association for the Education of Young Children [NAEYC],…

Olsen, Heather; Donaldson, Ana J.; Hudson, Susan D.

2010-01-01

381

Early Adolescent Risk Behavior Outcomes of Childhood Externalizing Behavioral Trajectories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Little is known about the early childhood indicators of adolescent risk. The link between trajectories of externalizing behavioral problems and early adolescent risk behavior was examined in a longitudinal sample of 875 child participants in the LONGSCAN studies. Five trajectory groups of children defined by externalizing behavior problems were…

Thompson, Richard; Tabone, Jiyoung Kim; Litrownik, Alan J.; Briggs, Ernestine C.; Hussey, Jon M.; English, Diana J.; Dubowitz, Howard

2011-01-01

382

A Bridge between Early Childhood Research and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teachers, center directors, principals, and policy makers constantly make decisions about early childhood education. Early educators are increasingly expected to draw connections between what they do in the classroom and what research shows. Researchers are encouraged to investigate matters critical to educators' day-to-day work with children and…

Snow, Kyle

2011-01-01

383

Investing in Early Childhood Education: A Global Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last several decades have seen growing global interest in the potential for public investments in early childhood care and education (ECCE) to improve the development of young children, especially those from socially disadvantaged groups. This interest is based on evidence of the importance of environmental influences on early cognitive and…

Barnett, W. S.; Nores, M.

2012-01-01

384

Periodic Early Childhood Hearing Screening: The EHDI Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|State coordinators of early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI) programs completed a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats, or SWOT, analysis that examined 12 areas within state EHDI programs. Concerning periodic early childhood hearing screening, 47 coordinators listed 241 items and themes were identified within each SWOT…

Hoffman, Jeff; Houston, K. Todd; Munoz, Karen F.; Bradham, Tamala S.

2011-01-01

385

Early Childhood Education: Foundations for Lifelong Learning. Fastback 133.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides an overview of the field of early childhood education. Three topics are discussed. First, the importance of early learning is emphasized in sections briefly indicating the nature of young children's thinking, their needs, and their individual differences. Second, summary descriptions are given of 11 models, programs and…

Cryan, John R.; Surbeck, Elaine

386

Literacy beliefs of early childhood teachers: Linking theory to practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Literacy instruction for young children is so important because literacy impacts so much of children's academic and social lives. Debates arise when discussing which early literacy teaching practices are most effective and appropriate for young children. This study examines the literacy practices and beliefs of four early childhood teachers within one rural public school district. The purpose was to determine

Lindsay Carlman

2004-01-01

387

Online Professional Development: Choices for Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood educators are responsible for providing young children with the best possible early care and education. Research on child care workers' education has shown that professional preparation makes a significant impact on children's cognitive and emotional development (National Association for the Education of Young Children [NAEYC],…

Olsen, Heather; Donaldson, Ana J.; Hudson, Susan D.

2010-01-01

388

Investments for Future: Early Childhood Development and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investments relevant to the first years of life are directly connected to the future of societies. It can be argued that investments for early childhood development and education are one of the best ways of decreasing social inequality caused by adverse environments which hinder development in early ages and tackling poverty by reducing the rate…

Kartal, Hulya

2007-01-01

389

Framing Early Childhood Development: Strategic Communications and Public Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief focuses on the potential role that strategic communications can play in helping state (Maternal Child Health) MCH programs and their collaborating partners frame their message to enhance the public's understanding of the importance of early child development and the need for a comprehensive and integrated early childhood system. The…

Gilliam, Franklin D.; Bales, Susan Nall

2004-01-01

390

Investing in Early Childhood Education: A Global Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The last several decades have seen growing global interest in the potential for public investments in early childhood care and education (ECCE) to improve the development of young children, especially those from socially disadvantaged groups. This interest is based on evidence of the importance of environmental influences on early cognitive and…

Barnett, W. S.; Nores, M.

2012-01-01

391

Setting the Stage for Lifetime Physical Activity in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to provide a rationale and suggestions for emphasizing health-related physical education in preschool settings. In order to accomplish this, it will examine what is currently known about early childhood physical activity, as well as the existing professional preparation and accreditation standards for early

Schneider, Holly; Lounsbery, Monica

2008-01-01

392

Predictable Locations Aid Early Object Name Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Expectancy-based localized attention has been shown to promote the formation and retrieval of multisensory memories in adults. Three experiments show that these processes also characterize attention and learning in 16- to 18-month old infants and, moreover, that these processes may play a critical role in supporting early object name learning.…

Benitez, Viridiana L.; Smith, Linda B.

2012-01-01

393

Early childhood development and social mobility.  

PubMed

Steven Barnett and Clive Belfield examine the effects of preschool education on social mobility in the United States. They note that under current policy three- and four-year-old children from economically and educationally disadvantaged families have higher preschool attendance rates than other children. But current programs fail to enroll even half of poor three- and four-year-olds. Hispanics and children of mothers who drop out of school also participate at relatively low rates. The programs also do little to improve learning and development. The most effective programs, they explain, are intensive interventions such as the model Abecedarian and Perry Preschool programs, which feature highly qualified teachers and small group sizes. State preschool programs with the highest standards rank next, followed by Head Start and the average state program, which produce effects ranging from one-tenth to one-quarter of those of the best programs. Typical child care and family support programs rank last. Barnett and Belfield point out that preschool programs raise academic skills on average, but do not appear to have notably different effects for different groups of children, and so do not strongly enhance social mobility. In such areas as crime, welfare, and teen parenting, however, preschool seems more able to break links between parental behaviors and child outcomes. Increased investment in preschool, conclude Barnett and Belfield, could raise social mobility. Program expansions targeted to disadvantaged children would help them move up the ladder, as would a more universal set of policies from which disadvantaged children gained disproportionately. Increasing the educational effectiveness of early childhood programs would provide for greater gains in social mobility than increasing participation rates alone. The authors observe that if future expansions of preschool programs end up serving all children, not just the poorest, society as a whole would gain. Benefits would exceed costs and there would be more economic growth, but relative gains for disadvantaged children would be smaller than absolute gains because there would be some (smaller) benefits to other children. PMID:17036547

Barnett, W Steven; Belfield, Clive R

2006-01-01

394

Insulin VNTR and IGF-1 Promoter Region Polymorphisms Are Not Associated with Body Composition in Early Childhood: The Generation R Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the associations between insulin gene variable number of tandem repeats (INS VNTR) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) gene promoter region polymorphisms with body composition in early childhood. Methods: This study was embedded in an ongoing prospective cohort study. Growth in early childhood (body mass index, total subcutaneous fat mass and

Janneke A. J. B. M. Maas; Dennis O. Mook-Kanamori; Lamise Ay; Eric A. P. Steegers; Cornelia M. van Duijn; Albert Hofman; Anita C. S. Hokken-Koelega; Vincent W. V. Jaddoe

2010-01-01

395

Service quality of Early Childhood Education web portals in Finnish municipalities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasing number of governmental organizations have transformed material on their web sites as a way of providing users with information about their products and services. In this paper, we apply Yang et al (2005) instrument for analyzing municipal early childhood education (ECE) web sites in Finland. The objective of the study was to find out the quality of ECE web portals as well as to give hints to improve their value from users' point of view. In general the five dimensions, usability, usefulness of content, adequacy of information, accessibility, and interaction, of the Yang et al model seems to be applicable also in the early childhood education environment.

Koskivaara, Eija; Pihlaja, Päivi

396

Some implications for the child's educational potential of recent investigations into early childhood interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary object of this paper is to suggest that recent investigations into early childhood, and particularly those concerned with adult?child interaction, are indicating what amounts to a new view of the cognitive nature of the young child. The paper will also begin to examine some of the evidence which may link this view with the development of his educational

David Jarman

1980-01-01

397

Physical Education and Academic Achievement in Elementary School: Data From the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. We examined the association between time spent in physical education and academic achievement in a longitudinal study of students in kinder- garten through fifth grade. Methods. We used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kinder- garten Class of 1998 to 1999, which employed a multistage probability design to select a nationally representative sample of students in kindergarten (analytic

Susan A. Carlson; Janet E. Fulton; Sarah M. Lee; L. Michele Maynard; David R. Brown; Harold W. Kohl III; William H. Dietz

2008-01-01

398

The Early Childhood Education of Aboriginal Australians: A Review of Six Action-Research Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book describes the setting, objectives, program, evaluation and achievement of six innovative action-research early childhood education projects for Aboriginal Australian children, traces various previous attempts to provide education, and provides an historical background of the estimated 140,000 Aboriginal people who make up 1% of…

Teasdale, G. R.; Whitelaw, A. J.

399

Using Mathematics Strategies in Early Childhood Education as a Basis for Culturally Responsive Teaching in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The objective of this small study was to elicit responses from early childhood teachers in India on mathematics learning strategies and to measure the extent of finger counting technique adopted by the teachers in teaching young children. Specifically, the research focused on the effective ways of teaching mathematics to children in India, and…

Guha, Smita

2006-01-01

400

Using mathematics strategies in early childhood education as a basis for culturally responsive teaching in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this small study was to elicit responses from early childhood teachers in India on mathematics learning strategies and to measure the extent of finger counting technique adopted by the teachers in teaching young children. Specifically, the research focused on the effective ways of teaching mathematics to children in India, and examined teachers’ approach to number counting. In

Smita Guha

2006-01-01

401

Early Childhood Heart Rate Does Not Predict Externalizing Behavior Problems at Age 7 Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveIn previous research, low resting heart rate in childhood and adolescence has been shown to predict aggressive and\\/or delinquent behavior at subsequent ages. It has been found that heart rate recorded as early as age 3 years could predict externalizing behavior at age 11 years. This study explored the possibility of a similar relationship between heart rate and externalizing behavior

CAROL A. VAN HULLE; ROBIN CORLEY; CAROLYN ZAHN-WAXLER; JEROME KAGAN; JOHN K. HEWITT

2000-01-01

402

Mt. Druitt Early Childhood Project. Third, Fourth, and Fifth Annual Reports to Bernard Van Leer Foundation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series of the third, fourth, and fifth annual reports to the Bernard Van Leer Foundation on the Mt. Druitt Early Childhood Project of Macquarie University, Australia, describes the general activities, program developments, and research activities of the project for the period 1977-1979. The main objective of the project is to develop,…

Macquarie Univ., North Ryde (Australia). School of Education.

403

Early Childhood Intervention Programs: Opportunities and Challenges for Preventing Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Due to the destructive impact of child maltreatment and limited available funding to address its consequences, the value of preventive measures is evident. Early Childhood Intervention Programs (ECIPs) provide excellent opportunities to prevent and identify cases of child maltreatment, among other varied objectives. These programs are typically…

Asawa, Lindsay E.; Hansen, David J.; Flood, Mary Fran

2008-01-01

404

Experience of Sexual Abuse in Childhood and Abortion in Adolescence and Early Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The present study examined the associations between the experience of sexual abuse in childhood (CSA) and the number of abortions in adolescence and early adulthood. Method: A 25-year prospective longitudinal study of the health, development, and adjustment of a birth cohort of 1,265 New Zealand children (630 females). Measures…

Boden, Joseph M.; Fergusson, David M.; Horwood, L. John

2009-01-01

405

An Examination of State Medicaid Financing Arrangements for Early Childhood Development Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the extent to which Medicaid finances early childhood development services, either on a capitated or fee-for-service basis, and to gauge future interest in financing such services. Methods: We analyzed state Medicaid managed care contracts in effect in April 1998 in 45 states using capitated arrangements for children at the end of 1997 to ascertain whether state Medicaid

Harriette B. Fox; Margaret A. McManus; Stephanie J. Limb

2000-01-01

406

Parental perceptions of children's oral health: The Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Dental disease and treatment experience can negatively affect the oral health related quality of life (OHRQL) of preschool aged children and their caregivers. Currently no valid and reliable instrument is available to measure these negative influences in very young children. The objective of this research was to develop the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) to measure the

Bhavna Talekar Pahel; R Gary Rozier; Gary D Slade

2007-01-01

407

Early childhood psychosis and bleeding during pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with infantile autism and childhood psychosis were identified in the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke Collaborative Perinatal Study. They were matched with two control groups, one of normal-IQ and the other of low-IQ children. Perinatal data, which had been collected prospectively, were then rated blindly. The relationship between uterine bleeding in mothers and their subsequently delivered children,

E. Fuller Torrey; Stephen P. Hersh; Kinne D. McCabe

1975-01-01

408

Childhood Victimization; Early Adversity, Later Psychopathology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Childhood physical abuse, sexual abuse, and neglect have both immediate and long-term effects. Different types of abuse have a range of consequences for a childs later physical and psychological well-being, cognitive development, and behavior. But there i...

C. S. Widom

2000-01-01

409

Early-onset Childhood Sarcoidosis with Incidental Multiple Enchondromatosis  

PubMed Central

The triad of rash, arthritis, and uveitis seems to be characteristic for early-onset childhood sarcoidosis. We describe an interesting case of early-onset childhood sarcoidosis coexisting enchondromatosis, which clinically masquerade as Langerhans cell histiocytosis. A 33 months old girl presented with skin rash, subcutaneous nodules with polyarthritis, and revealed the involvement of lymph nodes as well as spleen during work-up. She also presented with multiple osteolytic lesions which pathologically proven enchondromatosis. Oral prednisone was prescribed at 2 mg/kg/day for 2 months until when subcutaneous nodules and joint swellings almost disappeared, and then slowly tapered over a period of 5 months. We report an unusual case of early-onset childhood sarcoidosis presented with osteolytic bone lesions which were irrelevant to sarcoidosis.

Lee, Jong-Hwa; Lim, Yeon-Jung; Lee, Seunghun; Joo, Kyung Bin; Choi, Yun Young; Park, Chan-Kum

2012-01-01

410

Connecticut's new comprehensive and universal early childhood health assessment form.  

PubMed

Health assessments are required for entrance into child care, Head Start, and preschool programs. However, state and federal screening and documentation mandates vary, and programs create their own forms for keeping required data on file. Inconsistent recording formats present challenges for primary care providers who must document each child's health status and for program administrators who wish to collect data across groups of children. This article describes how the passage of new legislation in Connecticut establishing a statewide prekindergarten program presented the opportunity to develop a comprehensive early childhood health form for all early childhood programs, which promotes children's access to health services and coordination of care among health care professionals, early childhood providers, and families. PMID:16179077

Crowley, Angela A; Whitney, Grace-Ann C

2005-10-01

411

Gestational Diabetes, Atopic Dermatitis and Allergen Sensitization in Early Childhood  

PubMed Central

Background The relationship between the prenatal environment, maternal-fetal interaction, and allergic disease in the offspring remains understudied. Objective We sought to determine whether gestational diabetes modifies the risk of early childhood atopic manifestations including atopic dermatitis and allergen sensitization. Methods This study includes 680 children from the Boston Birth Cohort. Mother-child dyads were recruited at birth and followed prospectively to a mean age of 3.2±2.3 years with study visits aligned with the pediatric primary care schedule. The primary outcomes were physician diagnosed atopic dermatitis on standardized medical record abstraction and allergen sensitization based on Immunocap to 7 common foods and 5 common aeroallergens (sIgE?0.10 kUA/L, Phadia). Gestational diabetes was determined by standardized medical record review. Logistic regression analysis, stratified by term/preterm status, evaluated the association of gestational diabetes with atopic dermatitis and allergen sensitization respectively, controlling for maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, fetal growth, and pertinent covariates. Results Of the 680 children, 488 were term and 192 were preterm (<37 weeks gestation). Overall, 4.9% of the mothers developed gestational diabetes. Among the 680 children, 34.4% developed atopic dermatitis and 51% developed allergen sensitization. In term births, gestational diabetes was significantly associated with atopic dermatitis (OR, 95%CI=7.2, 1.5-34.5) and allergen sensitization (OR, 95%CI=5.7, 1.2-28.0). Adjusting for fetal growth had little effect. The association with sensitization was driven primarily by food sensitization (OR, 95%CI=8.3, 1.6-43.3). The above associations were not observed in preterm births. Conclusions In term births, gestational diabetes increased the risk of atopic dermatitis and early childhood allergen sensitization, independent of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and fetal growth.

Kumar, Rajesh; Ouyang, Fengxiu; Story, Rachel E; Pongracic, Jacqueline A; Hong, Xiumei; Wang, Guoying; Pearson, Colleen; Ortiz, Kathryn; Bauchner, Howard; Wang, Xiaobin

2013-01-01

412

Preventive Intervention for Early Childhood Behavioral Problems: An Ecological Perspective  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of preventive interventions targeting parents when addressing early childhood behavior problems. We briefly review evidence-based parent management training programs (PMT), focusing on one particular program, the Incredible Years Series (IY). Next, we discuss the barriers to embedding evidence-based practice like IY in community contexts, and demonstrate how early childhood mental health consultation can be used to enhance community capacity to adopt evidence-based practice and improve outcomes for the large number of young children and their families in need.

Shepard, Stephanie A.; Dickstein, Susan

2009-01-01

413

The effectiveness of early childhood development programs. A systematic review.  

PubMed

Early childhood development is influenced by characteristics of the child, the family, and the broader social environment. Physical health, cognition, language, and social and emotional development underpin school readiness. Publicly funded, center-based, comprehensive early childhood development programs are a community resource that promotes the well-being of young children. Programs such as Head Start are designed to close the gap in readiness to learn between poor children and their more economically advantaged peers. Systematic reviews of the scientific literature demonstrate effectiveness of these programs in preventing developmental delay, as assessed by reductions in retention in grade and placement in special education. PMID:12668197

Anderson, Laurie M; Shinn, Carolynne; Fullilove, Mindy T; Scrimshaw, Susan C; Fielding, Jonathan E; Normand, Jacques; Carande-Kulis, Vilma G

2003-04-01

414

An Ecological Risk Model for Early Childhood Anxiety: The Importance of Early Child Symptoms and Temperament  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Childhood anxiety is impairing and associated with later emotional disorders. Studying risk factors for child anxiety may allow earlier identification of at-risk children for prevention efforts. This study applied an ecological risk model to address how early childhood anxiety symptoms, child temperament, maternal anxiety and depression symptoms,…

Mian, Nicholas D.; Wainwright, Laurel; Briggs-Gowan, Margaret J.; Carter, Alice S.

2011-01-01

415

77 FR 27781 - Non-Competitive One-Year Extension With Funds for State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Extension With Funds for State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Grantees AGENCY...Extension With Funds for State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (ECCS) (H-25...the current grantees of the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Program. Up...

2012-05-11

416

Early Childhood Programs: The Use of Impact Evaluations to Assess Program Effects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Given the large federal investment and the current attention on the importance of early childhood experiences, policymakers are interested in the effectiveness of federally funded early childhood education and care efforts and the types of research design...

2001-01-01

417

New Teachers for a New Century: The Future of Early Childhood Professional Preparation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

New teachers for a New Century: The future of Early Childhood Professional Preparation was designed to fulfill three purposes: (1) to examine the nature and content of current early childhood professional preparation programs at the pre-service level, (2)...

2000-01-01

418

Kentucky's Statewide Early Childhood Professional Development System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Public school systems have recently become major players in providing services for children in their early years. In addition, a number of other services are available to young children including child care, Head Start, and Early Head Start programs. The link between program quality and professional development of early care and education…

Rous, Beth; Grove, Jaime; Townley, Kim

2007-01-01

419

Kentucky's Statewide Early Childhood Professional Development System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public school systems have recently become major players in providing services for children in their early years. In addition, a number of other services are available to young children including child care, Head Start, and Early Head Start programs. The link between program quality and professional development of early care and education…

Rous, Beth; Grove, Jaime; Townley, Kim

2007-01-01

420

Causes of stillbirth, neonatal death and early childhood death in rural Zambia by verbal autopsy assessments  

PubMed Central

Summary OBJECTIVES To describe specific causes of the high rates of stillbirth, neonatal death and early child childhood death in Zambia. METHODS We conducted a household-based survey in rural Zambia. Socio-demographic and delivery characteristics were recorded, alongside a maternal HIV test. Verbal autopsy questionnaires were administered to elicit mortality-related information and independently reviewed by three experienced paediatricians who assigned a cause and contributing factor to death. For this secondary analysis, deaths were categorized into: stillbirths (foetal death ?28 weeks of gestation), neonatal deaths (?28 days) and early childhood deaths (>28 days to <2 years). RESULTS Among 1679 households, information was collected on 148 deaths: 34% stillbirths, 26% neonatal and 40% early childhood deaths. Leading identifiable causes of stillbirth were intrauterine infection (26%) and birth asphyxia (18%). Of 32 neonatal deaths, 38 (84%) occurred within the first week of life, primarily because of infections (37%) and prematurity (34%). The majority of early childhood deaths were caused by suspected bacterial infections (82%). HIV prevalence was significantly higher in mothers who reported an early childhood death (44%) than mothers who did not (17%; P < 0.01). Factors significantly associated with mortality were lower socio-economic status (P < 0.01), inadequate water or sanitation facilities (P < 0.01), home delivery (P = 0.04) and absence of a trained delivery attendant (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION We provide community-level data about the causes of death among children under 2 years of age. Infectious etiologies for mortality ranked highest. At a public health level, such information may have an important role in guiding prevention and treatment strategies to address perinatal and early childhood mortality.

Turnbull, Eleanor; Lembalemba, Mwila K.; Guffey, M. Brad; Bolton-Moore, Carolyn; Mubiana-Mbewe, Mwangelwa; Chintu, Namwinga; Giganti, Mark J.; Nalubamba-Phiri, Mutinta; Stringer, Elizabeth M.; Stringer, Jeffrey S. A.; Chi, Benjamin H.

2013-01-01

421

The Brain and Early Childhood: Facilitator's Guide [with Videotapes].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent advances in neuroscience have engaged the interest of early childhood educators who believe that the more we know about the brain, the better able we will be to influence learning. This workshop facilitator's guide and set of two videotapes are designed to assist educators, students, caregivers, parents, and those providing services to…

Blum, Holly; D'Arcangelo, Marcia

422

Fall Activities for the Early Childhood and Special Education Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for teachers of early childhood or special education students, this guide contains instructions and illustrations for classroom activities for the months of September, October, and November. Most of the activities involve art projects and many incorporate teaching in other subject areas such as mathematics, language arts, science, and…

Denton, Penny

423

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Slovak Republic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood education and care (ECEC) is a topic of increased policy interest in the Slovak Republic where improving quality in the ECEC sector is a subject of growing importance. The OECD has identified five effective policy levers to encourage quality in the sector: 1) quality goals and regulations; 2) curriculum and guidelines; 3)…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2012-01-01

424

Early Childhood Curriculum and the Definition of Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper delineates conceptions of early childhood programs from the 18th through the 20th centuries, and reveals how the programs changed as the concept of what constitutes knowledge changed. Discussion begins with reading instruction and hornbooks in Colonial America, and national language learning in the knitting school of Jean Frederick…

Spodek, Bernard

425

Fall Activities for the Early Childhood and Special Education Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed for teachers of early childhood or special education students, this guide contains instructions and illustrations for classroom activities for the months of September, October, and November. Most of the activities involve art projects and many incorporate teaching in other subject areas such as mathematics, language arts, science, and…

Denton, Penny

426

Early Childhood Education: Policy Issues for the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting the separation of child-related policy makers from practitioners who know best what is good and appropriate for children, this anthology is designed as a guide for child-related policy development. The book's chapters are as follows: (1) "Early Childhood Policy" (Dolores A. Stegelin), providing an historical context and identifying eight…

Stegelin, Dolores A., Ed.

427

The Art of Leadership: Managing Early Childhood Organizations. Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of two volumes intended for directors of early childhood organizations, this volume compiles selected articles for center directors from the first 20 years of the journal "Child Care Information Exchange." The articles cover leadership, organizational management, and financial management. The articles are grouped into "chapters" as…

Neugebauer, Bonnie, Ed.; Neugebauer, Roger, Ed.

428

Single Mothers' Religious Participation and Early Childhood Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data on 1,134 single mothers from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this study examined trajectories of religious participation among single mothers and whether these trajectories were associated with early childhood behavior. The results suggested that single mothers experienced diverse patterns of religious participation…

Petts, Richard J.

2012-01-01

429

On Track: A Comprehensive System for Early Childhood Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents a comprehensive system of intervention designed to support teachers in early childhood education in inclusive environments and to satisfy federal regulations. The components of the "On Track" program enable teachers to assess an individual child's strengths and needs both at school and at home, to discover family priorities, to…

Neilsen, Shelley; van den Pol, Richard A.; Guidry, Jean; Keeley, Elizabeth; Honzel, Rhonda Alt

430

Issues of Implementation of Early Childhood Education and Support Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document comprises three papers related to the implementation of early childhood education, health care, and support programs. The first paper is a brief reflection on the nature of implementation, based on the contributions of Boudewijn Bekkers. The second is a proceedings chapter by Marian Hanrahan titled "Community Based Innovative…

Prinsen, Bert

431

Tracking Club Sport Participation from Childhood to Early Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the strength of tracking sport participation from childhood to early adulthood among the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study cohort. Participation in sport, dance, or gymnastics as part of a club or group (outside of school) was assessed at ages 7, 9, 15, 18, and 21 years. In addition to the traditionally…

Richards, Rosalina; Williams, Sheila; Poulton, Richie; Reeder, Anthony I.

2007-01-01

432

"Cry and You Cry Alone": Timeout in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores isolation in early childhood education settings in the context of historical and current theories of punishment. The authors conclude that although isolation was reinterpreted in the 20th century in relation to changing theories of learning, teaching and child development, its earlier meanings have endured. (Contains 2…

Prochner, Larry; Hwang, Yeonwook

2008-01-01

433

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Norway 2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) can bring a wide range of benefits--for children, parents and society at large. However, these benefits are conditional on "quality". Expanding access to services without attention to quality will not deliver good outcomes for children or long-term productivity benefits for society. This series of country…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2013-01-01

434

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Japan 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) can bring a wide range of benefits--for children, parents and society at large. However, these benefits are conditional on "quality". Expanding access to services without attention to quality will not deliver good outcomes for children or long-term productivity benefits for society. This series of country…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2012-01-01

435

Early Childhood Teacher Education: Historical Themes and Contemporary Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, many states have increased their investment in prekindergarten (pre-K) school programs that serve 3- and 4-year-old children. This increase has raised questions about what constitutes a well-qualified early childhood teacher. Similar questions were raised in the late part of the nineteenth century when states began investing…

Blank, Jolyn

2010-01-01

436

Oneida Cockrell: Pioneer in the Field of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the author profiles Oneida Cockrell, a pioneer in the field of early childhood education. She was the founder and director of the Garden Apartments Nursery School and Kindergarten, located in the prestigious Michigan Boulevard Garden Apartments building (commonly known as the Rosenwald Apartments) in Chicago's West Hyde Park…

Simpson, Jean

2012-01-01

437

Career Perspectives of Male Students in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While, in some professions, the gender balance seems to be changing in the direction of equality, the participation of males in early childhood education has not expanded because of stereotypical perceptions of this occupation, low salaries and status, and fear of being accused of sexual abuse. Males may make important contributions to the field…

Anliak, Sakire; Beyazkurk, Derya Sahin

2008-01-01

438

Technology User Groups and Early Childhood Education: A Preliminary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a preliminary examination of the potential of Technology User Groups as a professional development venue for early childhood education professionals in developing operational and functional competence in using hardware and software components of a Technology toolkit. Technology user groups are composed of varying numbers of…

Parette, Howard P.; Hourcade, Jack J.; Blum, Craig; Watts, Emily H.; Stoner, Julia B.; Wojcik, Brian W.; Chrismore, Shannon B.

2013-01-01

439

Parental Engagement in Early Childhood Education at Home  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy to identify relationships between parents' demographic/socioeconomic backgrounds and their self-reported frequencies of engaging in early childhood education activities. It also examines race/ethnicity-related disparities in the frequency of reading to children and using…

Chen, Jing; Pisani, Lauren; White, Sheida; Soroui, Jaleh

2012-01-01

440

Professional Development for Early Childhood Education: A National Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article introduces the reader to a special issue of "NHSA Dialog" that focuses on the professional development (PD) of early childhood educators. The article opens with a perspective from a historical lens, namely that of PD in K-12 education and the evolution of Learning Forward, formerly the National Staff Development Council. The recently…

Shore, Rebecca Ann

2012-01-01

441

Using Technology in Early Childhood Environments to Strengthen Cultural Connections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article will discuss the use of technology with young children to strengthen cultural connections. A brief discussion of the use of technology in the field of Early Childhood Education and a brief discussion of diversity and cultural issues is followed by specific ways in which technology can be utilized to help young children understand…

Meadows, Mikki

2004-01-01

442

Deception and Subtypes of Aggression during Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multi-informant study investigated the association between deception capacities and subtypes of aggression in a young early childhood sample (M=44.65 months of age, SD=13.39, N=64). A newly developed teacher report of deception had appropriate psychometric properties (reliability, concurrent validity, and construct validity). Recently introduced…

Ostrov, Jamie M.

2006-01-01

443

Australian Research in Early Childhood Education. Volume 1, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal consists of selected refereed papers from the third Annual Conference of the Australian Research in Early Childhood Education (1995). Contained in the publication are the following articles: (1) "Longitudinal Studies--Are They Worth It?" (Judith Cowley); (2) "Scripts for Learning: Reflecting Dynamics of Classroom Life" (Joy Cullen,…

Fleer, Marilyn, Ed.

1996-01-01

444

Curriculum in Early Childhood Education: Re-Examined, Rediscovered, Renewed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides a critical examination of the sources, aims, and features of early childhood curricula. Providing a theoretical and philosophical foundation for examining teaching and learning, this book will provoke discussion and analysis among all readers. How has theory been used to understand, develop, and critique curriculum? Whose…

File, Nancy, Ed.; Mueller, Jennifer J., Ed.; Wisneski, Debora Basler, Ed.

2011-01-01

445

Developmentally Appropriate Technology Use and Early Childhood Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood teacher education methods classes often emphasize the application of developmentally appropriate practices (DAP). In today's digital age, it is important for teacher educators and their students to think about how to extend DAP to technology use. In this article, two contrasting classroom scenarios are provided to illustrate…

Rosen, Dina B.; Jaruszewicz, Candace

2009-01-01

446

Quality in Early Childhood Services: Parent, Provider and Policy Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes content of discussions to compare perceptions of parents, day-care providers, and other stakeholders regarding quality in early childhood services. Discusses affordability and accessibility, continuity of care, adaptation, qualifications, working conditions, social status of child care, curricula, parent/provider relationship, and…

Mooney, Ann; Munton, Anthony G.

1998-01-01

447

Traumatic Brain Injury in Early Childhood: Developmental Effects and Interventions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the unique effects of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on development in early childhood and offers suggestions for interventions in the cognitive, language, social-emotional, motor, and adaptive domains. Urges more intensive, long-term studies on the immediate and long-term effects of TBI. (Author/DB)|

Lowenthal, Barbara; Lowenthal, Barbara

1998-01-01

448

Developmental Needs and Early Childhood Education: Evolutionary, My Dear Watson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examining the processes of natural selection, described by Darwin in "The Origin of Species", casts light on our own species' fundamental needs and on the far greater role that early childhood educators can play in their fulfillment. The second section of this paper analyzes how our fundamental needs emerge in a sequence underpinned by the…

Henry, Margaret

2004-01-01

449

Early Childhood Policy-Making: Inputs, Processes, and Legislative Outputs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on rationales that states have used to support recent early childhood education (ECE) initiatives and describes how reform policies were made in 1971-73 in West Virginia, California, Georgia, New Mexico, and Ohio. Outlines background and initiation of reform, building of support for ECE, opposition, and resulting legislation. (Author/GC)

Forgione, Pascal D., Jr.

1980-01-01

450

Training of early childhood education and care staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter examines the training of early childhood education and care workers, taking six countries (Denmark, France, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden, and the United States) as cases to explore variations and issues. It is argued that country approaches to staff training need to be understood in relation to the structure, purposes, and underlying values of services in that society, and

Peter Moss

2000-01-01

451

LEARNING THROUGH PROJECTS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD TEACHER EDUCATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research suggests that project learn- ing has great potential to foster a comprehensive knowledge base for teachers. This paper describes the ra- tionale for weaving project learning into early childhood teacher education programs and describes how teacher educators can effectively implement the strategy in their curriculum. In- cluded is a discussion of how projects support brain-based learning research and how

Lorraine Dejong

1999-01-01

452

Early childhood education teachers: Do they practice what they preach?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study explored relationships, for 60 preschool, kindergarten, and first grade teachers, among teachers' beliefs about how children learn, their views on the goals of early childhood education, their positions on policies related to school entry, testing, and retention, their satisfaction with current practices and pressures for change, and their actual practices. Results revealed, for preschool and kindergarten teachers, significant

Deborah J. Stipek; Patricia Byler

1997-01-01

453

Male teachers in early childhood education: issues and case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the debate about the desirability or otherwise, of attempting to address the gender imbalance in the early childhood teaching profession has been limited by a reliance on rhetoric rather than empirical evidence. The purpose of this article is to assist in shifting this debate to a more empirical basis by reporting findings from an exploratory empirical investigation of

Jennifer Sumsion

2005-01-01

454

Progression and Continuity in Early Childhood Education: Tensions and contradictions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the current policy context in early childhood education in England and Wales. The provision of high quality preschool education is regarded internationally as a significant factor in raising educational standards. Such aspirations are dependent on achieving effective patterns of continuity and progression from preschool to school. Despite the centrality of these terms in policy rhetoric progression

Elizabeth Wood; Neville Bennett

1999-01-01

455

Using the Project Approach in Early Childhood Teacher Preparation  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well known that children learn best through hands-on, relevant activities, such as projects. Students preparing for a career in working with young chil- dren can also benefit from working on meaningful activities and projects. This paper discusses ways to engage early childhood teacher education students in activities and projects that model the use of these methods in the

Gera Jacobs

456

Childhood Maltreatment Increases Risk for Personality Disorders During Early Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Data from a community-based longitu- dinal study were used to investigate whether childhood abuse and neglect increases risk for personality disor- ders (PDs) during early adulthood. Methods: Psychosocial and psychiatric interviews were administered to a representative community sample of 639 youths and their mothers from 2 counties in the state of New York in 1975, 1983, 1985 to 1986,

Jeffrey G. Johnson; Patricia Cohen; Jocelyn Brown; Elizabeth M. Smailes; David P. Bernstein

1999-01-01

457

Early childhood nutrition and academic achievement: a longitudinal analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many policymakers propose early childhood nutrition programs as a way to increase students’ academic achievement. This paper investigates the nutrition–learning nexus using a unique longitudinal data set that follows a large sample of Filipino children from birth until the end of their primary education. We find that better nourished children perform significantly better in school, partly because they enter school

Paul Glewwe; Hanan G. Jacoby; Elizabeth M. King

2001-01-01

458

Equity and assessment of the early childhood practicum  

Microsoft Academic Search

This presentation explores issues of equity in the assessment of the early childhood practicum from the perspective of tertiary supervisors from TAFE and university who were participants in a research project I am undertaking for my doctoral studies. This project did not specifically look at equity issues, but my participants raised this as an issue and they told of experiences

Michelle Ortlipp

459

Early Childhood Literature Sharing Programs: Public Librarians' Practices and Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was undertaken to: (1) develop a schema from an analysis of research information on child development from birth to three years of age with literature sharing implications for library programs; (2) query librarians in the United States who offer early childhood literature sharing programs about their program practices and attitudes via…

Carlson, Ann D.

460

balancing the readiness equation in early childhood education reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

As policy-makers continue to implement early childhood education reforms that frame the field as a mechanism that is to ready children for elementary school success, questions arise as to how the multiple variables in the readiness equation, such as the child, family, and program, are affected by these policies. The instrumental case study presented in this article looks at this

Christopher P. Brown

2010-01-01

461

Quality in Early Childhood Education and Care: A cultural context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that different cultural communities may hold different definitions of “quality” in Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) conforming with their respective, culturally valued educational goals and culturally based beliefs regarding practices that facilitate their attainment. Despite the negative implication of stereotyping socio-cultural communities as “individualist” or “collectivist” (Triandis, 1995), the conceptualisation of cultural variations in educational goals

Miriam K. Rosenthal

2003-01-01

462

Annotated Film Bibliography: Child Development and Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated film bibliography is a compilation of film listings suitable for early childhood education teacher training, parent education, and for viewing by children. The list has been gathered from a variety of sources including the National Association for the Education of Young Children's conference film showings for the past several…

Holt, Carol Lou, Comp.

463

Curriculum for the Special Education Early Childhood Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents Jackson County (Michigan) Intermediate School District's Special Education Early Childhood Center's 1988 curriculum. Sections focus on: (1) the center's program; (2) play observation; (3) eligibility; (4) classroom structure and function; (5) the importance of play; (6) developmental milestones; (7) planning and teaching…

Taulbee, Dianne R.; And Others

464

Participatory Learning Theories: A Framework for Early Childhood Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper continues scholarly conversations about appropriate theories of development to underpin early childhood pedagogy. It focuses on sociocultural theoretical perspectives and proposes that participatory learning theories (PLTs) underpin pedagogy built on principles specified in three curricular documents. Further, the paper argues that the…

Hedges, Helen; Cullen, Joy

2012-01-01

465

Quality of Chilean Early Childhood Education from an International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assessed the quality of different types of early childhood care and education programs in Chile according to international standards. Recorded structural and process characteristics observed in the classrooms. Found that Chilean preschool programs showed a minimum level of quality, with a high proportion of centers in the inadequate range.…

Villalon, Malva; Suzuki, Emy; Herrera, Maria Olivia; Mathiesen, Maria Elena

2002-01-01

466

Establishing and Maintaining an Early Childhood Emergent Literacy Technology Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The three-year Early Childhood Emergent Literacy Technology Curriculum (ELiTeC) study (E2) was designed to replicate, on a broad scale, the results of earlier research in which a curriculum model was developed, implemented, and studied in preschool classrooms for children with disabilities or those at risk. ELiTeC was based on the assumptions that…

Hutinger, Patricia L.; Bell, Carol; Daytner, Gary; Johanson, Joyce

2006-01-01

467

Open Listening: Creative Evolution in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article sketches out a philosophy and practice of open listening, linking open listening to Bergson's (1998) concept of creative evolution. I draw on examples of small children at play from a variety of sources, including Reggio-Emilia-inspired preschools in Sweden. The article offers a challenge to early childhood educators to listen and to…

Davies, Bronwyn

2011-01-01

468

The Role of Media and Emerging Representation in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In these times when educational standards, assessment, and evaluation of core subjects seem to dominate the public school agenda including early childhood, the challenge for educators to provide essential art experiences for children is daunting. Examinations of the greater educational value of art media can reveal some answers. Knowing how…

Swann, Annette

2005-01-01

469

Common Worlds: Reconceptualising Inclusion in Early Childhood Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Common worlds" is a conceptual framework developed to reconceptualise inclusion in early childhood communities. Common worlds take account of children's relations with all the others in their worlds--including the more-than-human others. The ethics and politics of living together in these common worlds is the central concern of this article. The…

Taylor, Affrica; Giugni, Miriam

2012-01-01

470

Greek Parents' Perceptions of Male Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported here examined Greek parents' perceptions of barriers to men entering the early childhood education and care profession and their recommendations for recruiting more males into the field. Parents were asked to respond on a Likert scale to statements regarding males' decision to enter the profession, possible benefits for male…

Rentzou, Konstantina

2011-01-01

471

Father Involvement in Early Childhood Programs: Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Father involvement in early childhood programs (ECPs) has increased rapidly during the past 10-15 years. This review of our understanding of the current state of father involvement in ECPs employs two theoretical frameworks: ecological perspective and situated fathering. We draw from the research and practice literature to understand the current…

Palm, Glen; Fagan, Jay

2008-01-01

472

Romance or Reality?: Examining Burnout in Early Childhood Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relatively high rates of teacher attrition have been consistently identified as a major issue for the teaching profession over several decades. As a result, there has been a growing interest in the wellbeing of teachers across the entire education sector. Recent research by Noble, Goddard and O'Brien (2003) has found that early childhood teachers,…

Noble, Karen; Macfarlane, Kym

2005-01-01

473

Teaching children with ADHD: Icelandic early childhood teachers' perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medication for the treatment of Attention Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has increased tremendously in Iceland during the last decade and the country has now the highest prescription rates for methylphenidate in the world. This study examines Icelandic early childhood teachers’ experiences and perspectives of children with behavioural problems and ADHD?associated behaviour as well as the support and conditions they feel these

Johanna Einarsdottir

2008-01-01

474

Early Childhood Education. Building Community Systems for Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a series of reports designed to support the implementation of Proposition 10: The California Children and Families Act and to provide comprehensive and authoritative information on critical issues concerning young children and families in California, this report summarizes research on the effects of early childhood education and…

Stipek, Deborah; Ogawa, Terry

475

Financing Early Childhood Education Programs: State, Federal, and Local Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

The landscape of financing early childhood education in the U.S. is complex. Programs run the gamut from tuition-supported private centers to public programs supported by federal, state, or local funds. Different funding streams are poorly coordinated. The federal government funds several major targeted programs that are available only to specific subgroups of children. States have also tended to offer targeted

Jason T. Hustedt; W. Steven Barnett

2011-01-01

476

Developing a Data-Driven Assessment for Early Childhood Candidates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One hundred forty-nine teacher candidates participated in a yearlong study to investigate what a well-prepared early childhood teacher candidate knows about teaching and learning. This study provides findings on assessments used to determine candidates' knowledge of pedagogy at program entry and exit. The general question this study explored was:…

Autry, Mary Murray; Lee, Joohi; Fox, Jill

2009-01-01

477

Practical Ways To Improve Singing in Early Childhood Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests developmentally appropriate ways early childhood teachers can help young children express, interpret, and understand their experiences through song. Discusses the importance of singing for gaining music and literacy skills and encouraging self-expression and creativity. Includes tips related to posture, breathing, vocal exploration,…

Neelly, Linda P.

2002-01-01

478

Inclusion of Technology Resources in Early Childhood Music Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article discusses the inclusion of technology resources in early childhood music education. Successful technology inclusion in music for young children depends on the physical, mental, and social readiness of each individual child. Learning providers involved with young children should constantly review the child's capabilities and …

Kersten, Fred

2006-01-01

479

Technology User Groups and Early Childhood Education: A Preliminary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a preliminary examination of the potential of Technology User Groups as a professional development venue for early childhood education professionals in developing operational and functional competence in using hardware and software components of a Technology toolkit. Technology user groups are composed of varying numbers of…

Parette, Howard P.; Hourcade, Jack J.; Blum, Craig; Watts, Emily H.; Stoner, Julia B.; Wojcik, Brian W.; Chrismore, Shannon B.

2013-01-01

480

Dialogue on Early Childhood Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educators, scholars, and researchers in the United States convened at the Forum on Early Childhood Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education to discuss how, when, and even if science, mathematics, and technology should be taught to pre-kindergarten children. The product of that forum, this book summarizes some of the latest thinking about…

American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC.

481

Taiwan Early Childhood Pre-Service Teachers' Professional Beliefs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the patterns of Taiwanese early childhood preservice teachers' professional beliefs about teaching and learning. The instrument included six open-ended questions that examined preservice teachers' perceptions of their roles as teachers, of ways that children learn, and of their relationships with children. Participants were…

Lin, Huey-Ling; Gorrell, Jeffrey; Silvern, Steven B.

482

Insights on Caring for Early Childhood Professionals and Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Caring is the core value that empowers families and early childhood professionals. This article articulates the meaning and power of caring in the lives of children and families. It also explores family, professional, and community strategies for creating caring and nurturing children and families. In particular, insights that show that caring is…

Swick, Kevin James

2007-01-01

483

Including All of Us: An Early Childhood Curriculum about Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book is intended as a guide for creating an early childhood curriculum that is inclusive, nonsexist, multicultural and includes images and role models of children and adults with disabilities. A brief history of Project Inclusive is followed by an introduction tracing the project's assumptions regarding role models, stereotypes based on…

Froschl, Merle; And Others

484

Workplace Violence in Early Childhood Settings: A Counter Narrative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that portrayals of early childhood settings as communities of care distinguish them from other education contexts, this paper presents a counter-narrative that focuses on workplace tensions experienced by an Australian preschool teacher. The counter-narrative was informed by informal interviews held 4 times yearly over a period of 7 years…

Sumsion, Jennifer

485

Curriculum for the Special Education Early Childhood Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents Jackson County (Michigan) Intermediate School District's Special Education Early Childhood Center's 1988 curriculum. Sections focus on: (1) the center's program; (2) play observation; (3) eligibility; (4) classroom structure and function; (5) the importance of play; (6) developmental milestones; (7) planning and teaching…

Taulbee, Dianne R.; And Others

486

Understanding Emotional Development: Helping Early Childhood Providers Better Support Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is intended to provide early childhood providers with a concise overview of emerging emotional development in young children (birth-5), the important role of primary caregivers, and the link between parenting, emotional development, and behavior. Specific suggestions that have been shared with urban Head Start mothers are offered,…

Edwards, Nicole Megan

2012-01-01

487

The Effects of Scarcity and Abundance in Early Childhood Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects of scarcity and abundance as they might apply to quality in early childhood programs. Maintains that scarcity limits good teaching and suggests that well-stocked supply areas will reduce hoarding. Argues that having adequate supplies on hand reduces wasted time and stress, and enhances workplace quality of life. (KB)

Packer, Sara

2000-01-01

488

Beyond inclusion: Towards a universal early childhood service system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our current early childhood system of generic and specialist services has difficulty meeting the needs of all children. Generic services have particular difficulty meeting the needs of children who are vulnerable or at risk, who have behavioural or emotional problems, or have developmental disabilities and delays, and cannot easily access appropriate specialist support. At the same time, the specialist services

Tim Moore

489

Supporting High-quality Early Childhood Education Services throught ICTs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays early childhood schools are places where kids are not only taken care of but also where carefully planned educational activities (based on pedagogical frameworks) are carried out. In such centers, practitioners observe, analyze and assess children's progress on a daily basis. Using this data, they plan new stimulating activities for the kids taken into account their personal traits and

Ruben Míguez Pérez; Juan M. Santos; Luis E. Anido-Rifón

2010-01-01

490

Relational aggression in sibling and peer relationships during early childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of siblings (N = 50) in the display of physical and relational aggression among peers during early childhood was explored. Specifically, sibling pairs' rates of physical and relational aggression were assessed in their independent social contexts. Findings indicated low to moderate levels of intercorrelation between physical and relational aggression and moderate levels of stability for both physical and

Jamie M. Ostrov; Nicki R. Crick; Kirstin Stauffacher

2006-01-01

491

AN AUTHORING CONCEPT MAPPING KIT FOR THE EARLY CHILDHOOD CLASSROOM  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an Authoring Concept Mapping Kit that enables preschool children to verbally add meaning to symbolic representations. Building on the prior knowledge and strengths of the users, children and teachers, the Kit is comprised of tangible materials familiar to the early childhood classroom, with the addition of low cost, hand-sized, voice-input devices. Preschool teachers encourage their students to

Gloria Gomez

492

International Early Childhood Resources from Educational Research Abstracts Online (ERA)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography provides abstracts for 18 resources relating to early childhood around the world. Each annotation contains: title; author name(s); Source (name of journal in which the resource was published); ISSN of the journal in which the resource was published; Issue (journal citation information for the resource within the…

International Journal of Early Years Education, 2006

2006-01-01

493

International Early Childhood Resources from Educational Research Abstracts (ERA) Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography provides abstracts for 17 resources relating to early childhood around the world. Each annotation contains: title; author name(s); source (name of journal in which the resource was published); ISSN of the journal in which the resource was published; and issue (journal citation information for the resource within the…

International Journal of Early Years Education, 2011

2011-01-01

494

International Early Childhood Resources from Educational Research Abstracts Online (ERA)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This annotated bibliography provides abstracts for 12 resources relating to early childhood around the world. Each annotation contains: title; author name(s); Source (name of journal in which the resource was published); ISSN of the journal in which the resource was published; Issue (journal citation information for the resource within the…

International Journal of Early Years Education, 2007

2007-01-01

495

Investing in Kids: Early Childhood Programs and Local Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Early childhood programs, if designed correctly, pay big economic dividends down the road because they increase the skills of their participants. And since many of those participants will remain in the same state or local area as adults, the local economy benefits: more persons with better skills attract business, which provides more and better…

Bartik, Timothy J.

2011-01-01

496

Greek Parents' Perceptions of Male Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study reported here examined Greek parents' perceptions of barriers to men entering the early childhood education and care profession and their recommendations for recruiting more males into the field. Parents were asked to respond on a Likert scale to statements regarding males' decision to enter the profession, possible benefits for male…

Rentzou, Konstantina

2011-01-01

497

Writing in Early Childhood Classrooms: Guidance for Best Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Writing is a critical emergent literacy skill that lays the foundation for children's later literacy skills and reading achievement. Recent work indicates that many early childhood programs offer children materials and tools for engaging in writing activities but teachers rarely are seen modeling writing for children or scaffolding children's…

Gerde, Hope K.; Bingham, Gary E.; Wasik, Barbara A.

2012-01-01

498

The Incoherence of Curriculum: Questions Concerning Early Childhood Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines curriculum debates, particularly those that influence an understanding of the nature and purpose of curriculum, in providing teacher education and in influencing teaching practice. The work of Martin Heidegger provides a framework for questioning the early childhood teacher education curriculum. Central to this analysis are…

Gibbons, Andrew N.

2011-01-01

499

Early Childhood Teacher Education: Historical Themes and Contemporary Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over the past decade, many states have increased their investment in prekindergarten (pre-K) school programs that serve 3- and 4-year-old children. This increase has raised questions about what constitutes a well-qualified early childhood teacher. Similar questions were raised in the late part of the nineteenth century when states began investing…

Blank, Jolyn

2010-01-01

500

Digital Natives Come to Preschool: Implications for Early Childhood Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the implications of young learners' dispositions towards the use of digital technologies in contemporary early childhood settings. It is proposed that young learners have grown up in very different social conditions from previous generations, mainly through the saturation of digital technologies, in particular computers.…

Zevenbergen, Robyn

2007-01-01