Sample records for objectives early childhood

  1. Early Childhood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Donald L.; Willis, Sherry L.

    This book summarizes theory and discusses major issues pertaining to child development in the early childhood years. Chapter I provides an introduction to the conceptual framework and major theories of child development. Chapter II deals with motor, sensory, and perceptual development. Chapter III focuses on the cognitive-developmental theory of…

  2. Early Childhood Education Report

    E-print Network

    Toronto, University of

    Early Childhood Education Report 2014 #12;Early Childhood Education Report 2014 is published by in Education holds the copyright to the Early Childhood Education Report 2014. It encourages digital or hard: Akbari, E., McCuaig, K. (2014) Early Childhood Education Report 2014. Toronto: Ontario Institute

  3. Furman University's Early Childhood

    E-print Network

    Furman University's Early Childhood Education Graduate Studies in Education .furman.edu/gradstudies> Early Childhood Education Designed to add endorsement in early childhood to a teaching certificate abilities. Faculty Lorraine DeJong, Ph.D. Early Childhood Education coordinator and main professor Judy

  4. Early Childhood Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koh, Edgar, Ed.

    1989-01-01

    Focused on early childhood development, this "UNICEF Intercom" asserts that developmental programs should aim to give children a fair chance at growth beyond survival. First presented are moral, scientific, social equity, economic, population, and programatic arguments for looking beyond the fundamental objective of saving young lives.…

  5. Reframing Early Childhood Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stamopoulos, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Rapid changes in Australian education have intensified the role of early childhood leaders and led to unprecedented challenges. The Australian Curriculum (ACARA, 2011), mandated Australian "National Quality Framework" (NQF) for Early Childhood Education & Care (DEEWR, 2010b) and the "National Early Years Learning Framework" (EYLF) (DEEWR, 2009)…

  6. Early Childhood. Bachelor of Teaching

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    Early Childhood. 2014 Bachelor of Teaching & Learning (Early Childhood) College of Education qualification for those starting out in Early Childhood teacher education. As well as gaining a teaching degree;3 Bachelor of Teaching and Learning (Early Childhood) The Bachelor of Teaching and Learning (Early Childhood

  7. Early Childhood Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elkind, David

    In five sections, this paper explores dimensions of early childhood education: schooling generally construed as nonparental instruction in knowledge, values, and skills. Section 1 looks at some of the factors which have contributed to the rapid growth of early childhood education in modern times. Section 2 briefly highlights the contributions of…

  8. Importance of Early Neglect for Childhood Aggression

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan B. Kotch; Terri Lewis; Jon M. Hussey; Diana English; Richard Thompson; Alan J. Litrownik; Desmond K. Runyan; Shrikant I. Bangdiwala; Benyamin Margolis; Howard Dubowitz

    ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE. The goal was to examine,the association between,early childhood,neglect (birth to age 2 years) and later childhood aggression at ages 4, 6, and 8 years, compared,with aggression’s associations with early childhood,abuse and later abuse and neglect. METHODS. A prospective cohort of 1318 predominantly at-risk children, recruited from 4

  9. Expressive Education in Early Childhood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mori, Kimie

    1996-01-01

    Presents a concise overview of early childhood music education in Japan. Japanese early childhood education stresses the natural development of childhood, as well as cultivation of expressive activities. Discusses teaching methods, creative activities, and educational guidelines (MJP)

  10. Early Childhood Distance Partnership Program

    E-print Network

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    the needs of Tribal Head Start/Early Childhood educators to complete a Bachelor Degree · Respond to national and Early Childhood Educators from six tribal communities to complete bachelor's degree in Early Childhood Education Enables ECEDP students to live and teach in their home communities Connects Native early childhood

  11. Early Childhood. Bachelor of Teaching

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    Early Childhood. 2015 Bachelor of Teaching & Learning (Early Childhood) College of Education Education #12;Contents 3 Bachelor of Teaching and Learning (Early Childhood) 4 Entry Requirements starting out in Early Childhood teacher education. As well as gaining a teaching degree which qualifies

  12. Early Childhood Education Programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janet Currie

    2001-01-01

    This paper discusses early childhood education programs: their goals; effectiveness; optimal timing, targeting, and content; and costs and benefits. Early intervention has significant short- and medium-term benefits: most notably it reduces grade repetition and special education costs, and provides quality child care. The effects are greatest for more disadvantaged children. Some model programs have produced exciting improvements in educational attainment

  13. Perceptions of Early Childhood Assessment among Early Childhood Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanes, Barbara Mongelli

    2010-01-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate perceptions held by early childhood educators about the assessment process in their schools and to identify current assessment practices in early childhood settings in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. In February 2009, 230 early childhood educators completed surveys on the topic of assessment at an annual early

  14. Early Childhood Military Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pelo, Ann

    2011-01-01

    Does the country's national security rely on top-quality early childhood education? Yes, say the military leaders of Mission: Readiness, an organization led by retired military commanders that promotes investment in education, child health, and parenting support. Actually, the generals are right, but for all the wrong reasons. The generals' aim is…

  15. Readings: Early Childhood Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorosky, Jeri, Ed.

    Collected in this textbook are approximately 30 brief articles and related materials concerning the traits, development, nurturing, and education of children from infancy through early childhood. While varied, material in each of the six sections generally centers on (1) characteristics, traits, and developmental issues in infancy, preschool and…

  16. Music in Early Childhood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feierabend, John

    1990-01-01

    Argues that music activities in early childhood education foster a variety of developmental skills. Analyzes Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, contending that music intelligence is a separate intelligence. Provides ways to identify and promote musical intelligence. Suggests methods for encouraging musical development. Using songs…

  17. Ethnographic Knowledge for Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adair, Jennifer Keys

    2010-01-01

    The policy brief "Ethnographic Knowledge for Early Childhood" details the contributions of current ethnographic research in the area of early childhood education. The brief's main purpose is to demonstrate how ethnography (as a methodology) helps us better understand the context of early childhood programs, the types of settings and resources…

  18. EARLY CHILDHOOD PEREFCTIONISM

    PubMed Central

    Halmi, Katherine A.; Bellace, Dara; Berthod, Samantha; Ghosh, Samiran; Berrettini, Wade; Brandt, Harry A.; Bulik, Cynthia M.; Crawford, Steve; Fichter, Manfred M.; Johnson, Craig L.; Kaplan, Allan; Kaye, Walter H.; Thornton, Laura; Treasure, Janet; Woodside, D. Blake; Strober, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Objective To examine childhood perfectionism in anorexia nervosa (AN) restricting (RAN), purging (PAN), and binge eating with or without purging (BAN) subtypes. Method The EATATE, a retrospective assessment of childhood perfectionism, and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-2) were administered to 728 AN participants. Results EATATE responses revealed General Childhood Perfectionism, 22.3% of 333 with RAN, 29.2% of 220 with PAN, and 24.8% of 116 with BAN; School Work Perfectionism, 31.2% with RAN, 30.4% with PAN, and 24.8% with BAN; Childhood Order and Symmetry, 18.7% with RAN, 21.7% with PAN, and 17.8% with BAN; and Global Childhood Rigidity, 42.6% with RAN, 48.3% with PAN and 48.1% with BAN. Perfectionism preceded the onset of AN in all subtypes. Significant associations between EDI-2 Drive for Thinness and Body Dissatisfaction were present with four EATATE subscales. Discussion Global Childhood Rigidity was the predominate feature that preceded all AN subtypes. This may be a risk factor for AN. PMID:22488115

  19. "Doing" Social Justice in Early Childhood: The Potential of Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hard, Louise; Press, Frances; Gibson, Megan

    2013-01-01

    Early childhood education has long been connected with objectives related to social justice. Australian early childhood education and care (ECEC) has its roots in philanthropic and educational reform movements prevalent at the turn of the twentieth century. More recently, with the introduction of the National Early Childhood Reform Agenda, early

  20. Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation

    E-print Network

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation in Florida Final Summary of Survey, with the Program Office of Substance Abuse and Mental Health in Florida's Department of Children and Families (DCF). Background Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation (ECMHC) is an effective prevention and early

  1. Early Childhood Update, Fall 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kimmerly, Lynn, Ed.

    1995-01-01

    This newsletter provides a periodic update on the activities of the Early Childhood Research Working Group (ECRWG), organized in early 1995 by the U.S. Department of Education and other federal government departments and agencies to promote interagency cooperation and public-private partnerships in early childhood research. This edition contains…

  2. Early Childhood Development Reference Guide

    E-print Network

    Fuerschbach, Phillip

    Early Childhood Development Reference Guide provided by Public Relations and Communications #12;2 #12;Early Childhood Development Reference Guide provided by Public Relations and Communications Sandia National Laboratories This guide provides activities and web resources to assist parents and families

  3. Wyoming Early Childhood Readiness Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyoming State Dept. of Education, Cheyenne.

    Because children entering kindergarten come with a variety of preschool and home experiences, and accordingly, with varying levels of school readiness, the Wyoming Early Childhood Readiness Standards have been developed to provide a more consistent definition of school readiness. The goal for the Standards is to provide early childhood educators…

  4. Early Childhood Education in Japan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yamashita, T.

    1972-01-01

    The two kinds of educational facilities for early childhood in Japan are the kindergarten, established in accordance with the School Education Law, and the day nursery, based upon the Children's Welfare Law. (Author/MB)

  5. Early Childhood Education and School Readiness: Conceptual

    E-print Network

    Rau, Don C.

    Early Childhood Education and School Readiness: Conceptual Models, Constructs, and Measures and Evaluation. #12;Early Childhood Education and School Readiness Workshop, June 17-18, 2002 TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................................................................................................................................13 Language and Early Literacy

  6. Reported Research Funding in Four Early Childhood Journals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Bridget A.; Sanchez, Claudia

    2010-01-01

    Funding for research in the area of early childhood is an ongoing challenge. The present research objective was to identify the frequency of acknowledgment of federal funding in articles published by four leading early childhood journals from 1999 to 2008. We conducted a content analysis of 1,338 publications found in "Early Child Development and…

  7. Invest in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kagan, Sharon Lynn; Reid, Jeanne L.

    2009-01-01

    The history of American early education is one of changing roles and goals. As federal engagement in early childhood has shifted in response to social, political, and economic needs, few policy efforts have focused on long-term planning or coordination. The authors identify the appropriate roles of federal, state, and local governments and make 13…

  8. Teaching Mathematics in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moomaw, Sally

    2011-01-01

    Children who learn math fundamentals in preschool and kindergarten have the best chance of later achievement in school--but too often, children don't get the effective early math instruction that makes all the difference. Now there's a core early childhood textbook that helps current and future educators teach the most critical math concepts to…

  9. Regional Early Childhood Policy Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Judith

    2008-01-01

    The UNESCO-UNICEF joint regional policy review project was launched in September 2006 with the aim to support the countries of Asia-Pacific region in meeting the first goal of Education For All (EFA) on Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) by identifying, documenting and sharing good practices as well as constraints and challenges in early

  10. Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education (non-certification) 2013-14

    E-print Network

    Acosta, Charles A.

    Curriculum Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education (non-certification) 2013-14 Name ______________ ______________ __________________ Early Childhood Special Education Programs EDS 562 ______________ ______________ __________________ Current Trends in Early Childhood Education EDU 550

  11. Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education (Birth-Kindergarten) 2013-14

    E-print Network

    Acosta, Charles A.

    Curriculum Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education (Birth-Kindergarten) 2013-14 Name ______________ ______________ __________________ Early Childhood Special Education Programs EDS 562 ______________ ______________ __________________ Current Trends in Early Childhood Education EDU 550

  12. Montana State University 1 Early Childhood Education

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 Early Childhood Education and Child Services Major The early work and field experience focuses on early childhood education, child development, developmentally program to Montana Tribal Colleges and respective HeadStart Programs through the Early Childhood Education

  13. Intersections: Feminisms/Early Childhoods. Rethinking Childhood, Volume 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hauser, Mary E., Ed.; Jipson, Janice A., Ed.

    Through personal narrative and scholarly reflection, this book examines the foundations of early childhood education, contemporary curricular and pedagogical practice in early childhood education, and critical issues affecting the multiple worlds of childhood. Essays by individual contributors are linked by contributors' conversations. An…

  14. Boys' Bodies in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drummond, Murray

    2012-01-01

    This paper is based on qualitative research data from a project investigating early childhood boys' constructions of masculinities in relation to sport, health and the body. The focus group data, with 33 boys, has been collected in each of the boys' first three years at school. It is part of the data that will be collected over eight years with…

  15. Early Childhood Education. IDRA Focus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    IDRA Newsletter, 1996

    1996-01-01

    This newsletter includes five articles on early childhood education and young children, with particular reference to poor and minority children. "Scientific Literacy Is Child's Play" (Hilaria Bauer) discusses the natural development of scientific literacy in young children through their construction of knowledge and play. "Children of America,…

  16. Early Childhood Education Facilities Planner.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of School Support.

    This publication, a supplement to the "North Carolina Public School Facilities Guidelines," is intended as a resource to assist design professionals in planning facilities that meet the evolving needs of public schools in North Carolina. The publication specifically describes early childhood education programs and the facilities that support them.…

  17. Early Childhood: Child, Teacher, Parent

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baroody, Christie

    2006-01-01

    The field of early childhood holds promising keys to unlocking many of the mysteries in learning. Educators in the field, given the right tools, have the potential to have a profound impact on the long-term success of their students. The design of this curriculum comes directly out of the incredible possibilities set in motion while exploring…

  18. The Early Childhood Coaching Handbook

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rush, Dathan D.; Shelden, M'Lisa L.

    2011-01-01

    Evidence-based and highly effective, "coaching" helps early childhood practitioners support other professionals and families as they enhance existing knowledge, develop new skills, and promote healthy development of young children. This hands-on guide shows professionals how to conduct skillful coaching in any setting--home, school, or community.…

  19. Physical Education in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stork, Steve; Sanders, Stephen W.

    2008-01-01

    This article examines the incidence and quality of physical activity instruction during early childhood. Although the positive effect of physical activity on the cognitive, social, and physical development of young children is generally acknowledged, there is little emphasis nationally on ensuring appropriate physical educational experiences…

  20. Teachers as Designers: Integrating Robotics in Early Childhood Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marina U. Bers; Iris Ponte; Catherine Juelich; Alison Viera; Jonathan Schenker

    2002-01-01

    This article presents a constructionist approach to introducing technology, in particular robotics, in the early childhood classroom. The authors demonstrate how this approach is well suited, since the four basic tenets of constructionism have a long-standing tradition in early childhood education: (a) learning by designing meaningful projects to share in the community, (b) using concrete objects to build and explore

  1. Early Childhood Education: A Workbook for Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hewes, Dorothy; Hartman, Barbara

    Business management theory and principles as applied to the administration of early childhood programs are presented in this workbook. Following a brief survey of the historical background of early childhood education and current early childhood programs, information and guidance to help plan, operate, and evaluate program facilities are provided.…

  2. Dispersing Waves: Innovation in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meade, Anne, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    Early childhood education Centres of Innovation (COI) were established in 2002 as part of the 10-year plan for early childhood education, "Pathways to the Future/Nga Huarahi Arataki." In COI projects, innovative early childhood teaching teams reflect on and investigate their practices through action research, and share their findings with the…

  3. Early Childhood Education: The Case of Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usakli, Hakan

    2010-01-01

    It is now widely recognized that early childhood education has paramount significance for the well-being of societies. In this study, the current situation of early childhood education in Turkey is discussed mainly in terms of its perception by the government, the school enrollment rate and the quality of early childhood education programs. The…

  4. Language, Literacy and Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fellowes, Janet; Oakley, Grace

    2011-01-01

    "Language, Literacy and Early Childhood Education" is a comprehensive textbook for all students studying literacy and language subjects in early childhood education and primary degrees. Covering an age range from 0 to 8 years the book encompasses the four main early childhood contexts of: the family and community; childcare; the pre-school years,…

  5. NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY Early Childhood Studies

    E-print Network

    Karonis, Nicholas T.

    of Family, Consumer, and Nutrition Sciences or the emphasis in early childhood licensure with pre1 NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY Early Childhood Studies Policies and Program Information: A Handbook for Success Revised by the Early Childhood Steering Committee 10/12 #12;2 Welcome to the Interdisciplinary

  6. Early Childhood: Welcome Back!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science and Children, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Describes several simple activities to help children nurture their curiosity and order their experiences into simple understandings. These include: outlining familiar objects on paper; examining leaf patterns and flowers, moving water, and spiders; and touching and exploring various objects set up in learning centers. (JN)

  7. Early Childhood--Love

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Sylvia

    1976-01-01

    If children are to love themselves and others, they must experience love early. And they need to be taught the value of love, since it tends to fall victim to other lesser emotions. Provides suggestions for helping young children to grow in love. (Author/RK)

  8. Early childhood caries – risk factors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sergio Uribe

    2009-01-01

    DesignThis was an Australian case–control study.Case–control selectionCases were recruited from children referred for dental treatment under general anaesthesia at free public hospitals in eight health service districts in the state of Queensland, Australia [early childhood caries (ECC) public cases], and three private specialist paediatric dental clinics (ECC private cases). Controls were selected from a full list of all childcare facilities

  9. Early Childhood Education in Portugal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vasconcelos, Teresa

    This booklet provides an overview of the policy and status of early childhood education in Portugal and includes the text of Law 5/97, the Framework Law for Pre-School Education, as well as the Curriculum Guidelines for Pre-School Education adopted by Portugal's government. Two of Law 5/97's nine main goals are: (1) to promote the child's personal…

  10. CHANGING IMAGES OF CHILDHOOD - RECONCEPTUALISING EARLY CHILDHOOD PRACTICE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Reesa Sorin

    During the early years of life, children experience a number of transitions as they grow and develop, and move from home to care and education. To support young children during these times, early childhood practitioners may need to make transitions of their own; in the way they view children and childhood, and in the practices they undertake based on their

  11. Early Childhood CARES Excited for 2013-2014 School Year

    E-print Network

    ://earlychildhoodcares.uoregon.edu Early Childhood CARES provides early intervention and early childhood special education to all childrenEarly Childhood CARES Excited for 2013-2014 School Year Early Childhood CARES returned from its summer break with its motors tuned and ready to roll for the 2013-2014 school year! Early Childhood CARES

  12. International Handbook of Early Childhood Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodill, Gary A., Ed.; And Others

    The first of two introductory essays in this handbook presents a historical perspective on international early childhood education; the second provides a cross-national analysis of themes in late 20th century child care and early education. The bulk of the document consists of essays that review early childhood, preschool, primary, or elementary…

  13. Early Childhood Development Policy Advances in Uganda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ejuu, Godfrey

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge of the history and development of early childhood development in Uganda is paramount if we are to know how far we have come and where we are going. This article explores the introduction of early childhood development in Ugandan policy and government interventions from 1960 to 2011. Data was obtained from a review of available early

  14. Narrative Identity and Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farquhar, Sandy

    2012-01-01

    An intensification of interest in early childhood by government, parents, and employers, focuses primarily on the provision of private early childhood education services outside of the home. With a focus on New Zealand, the paper argues that the form of early education now promoted is a particular form of care and education that moves children…

  15. An Introduction to Early Childhood Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maynard, Trlsha, Ed.; Thomas, Nigel, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    The primary purpose of this book is to provide a core introductory text for the many undergraduate students who are now studying early childhood. Four key themes are emphasised throughout this book: The first is the social construction of childhood. This is the idea that childhood is not a naturally given phenomenon, but the result of social…

  16. Exploring the Quality of Early Childhood Education in China: Implications for Early Childhood Teacher Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bi Ying Hu; Judit Szente

    2009-01-01

    The following article introduces an exploratory study that was designed to measure the quality of early childhood education within its ever changing sociocultural context utilizing the Early Childhood Learning Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) in 40 classrooms in Beijing, China. Implications for early childhood teacher education, including the education of children with exceptional needs are addressed along with recommendations for future

  17. To receive the Early Childhood Minor and the Early Childhood Endorsement one Must

    E-print Network

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    contacts, TED 5790 at the College of Education Early Childhood Center at University Towers and TED 5780 Dittenber or Mr. John Radke; for appointments call (313)577-0915 Elementary Education / Early Childhood) Elementary Education Early Childhood Education This program is designed for individuals with a bachelor

  18. Exploring the Quality of Early Childhood Education in China: Implications for Early Childhood Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hu, Bi Ying; Szente, Judit

    2009-01-01

    The following article introduces an exploratory study that was designed to measure the quality of early childhood education within its ever changing sociocultural context utilizing the Early Childhood Learning Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) in 40 classrooms in Beijing, China. Implications for early childhood teacher education,…

  19. PROGRAM GUIDE BA IN EDUCATION SPECIALIZATION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

    E-print Network

    Rusu, Adrian

    PROGRAM GUIDE BA IN EDUCATION ­ SPECIALIZATION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION I. Benchmark Point 1 Communities II: Early Childhood (TLCII), and Educational Technology. G. Ratings of "Meets Expectations: Early Childhood, Educational Technology, Growth and Learning: Birth ­ 5 years, Language Development

  20. UMBC Department of Education Early Childhood Education Personnel Preparation Program

    E-print Network

    Adali, Tulay

    UMBC Department of Education Early Childhood Education Personnel Preparation Program Procedures, Early Childhood Education Department of Education UMBC 1000 Hilltop Circle Baltimore, MD 21250 #12;UMBC DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EARLY CHILDHOOD PERSONNEL PREPARATION PROGRAM UNDERGRADUATE APPLICATION Present Date

  1. College of Education IEC Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education

    E-print Network

    MacAdam, Keith

    College of Education IEC Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education KEY: # = new course * = course TO EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION. (3) Anintroductiontothehistoryofearlychildhoodeducationandanoverviewofcurrentlawsandbestpractices.Discussionswillinclude issues impacting families and current research in early childhood education

  2. Completing an Honors Thesis in Teacher Education Early Childhood Education

    E-print Network

    Olsen Jr., Dan R.

    Completing an Honors Thesis in Teacher Education Early Childhood Education Elementary Education to the major program, Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education, or Social Studies Education (which in the Department of Teacher Education (Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education, and Social Studies

  3. Accessible Family Involvement in Early Childhood Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, Johnetta W.; Storey, Pamela; Zhang, Chenyi

    2011-01-01

    Family involvement in early childhood classrooms benefits children, school staff, and families. The development of a strong relationship between early childhood programs and families is a critical component of developmentally appropriate practices. What strategies enable families to be full and active participants in their young children's…

  4. Pretend Play in the Early Childhood Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEntire, Nancy

    2009-01-01

    This article presents and summarizes recent resources related to pretend play in the early childhood classroom. These include "Contemporary Perspectives on Play in Early Childhood Education" by Olivia N. Sarachoe and Bernard Spodek; "Dramatic Play: Bring It Back" by Tammy Benson; and "The Importance of Being Playful" by Elena Bodrova and Deborah…

  5. Moving beyond Colorblindness in Early Childhood Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boutte, Gloria Swindler; Lopez-Robertson, Julia; Powers-Costello, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    Countering the position that colorblindness is desirable for teachers and children, this article encourages early childhood education teachers to engage in conversations about race and racism with young children. We discuss why the early childhood years are important for interrupting racism and make suggestions for helping children develop tools…

  6. Critical Issues in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yelland, Nicola, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    This book examines critical issues in early childhood education across a broad range of contexts. The issues explored are not only critical in terms of being fundamental to early childhood education but they are also critical in that they present ideas and utilize frameworks which are not traditional to the field. The topics under review include…

  7. Online Early Childhood Professional Development: Selected Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olsen, Heather

    2010-01-01

    Early childhood professional development opportunities are expanding rapidly throughout the country. With nearly 12 million children under the age of 5 in some kind of early childhood setting, there is an effort to increase the quality of care and education. In fact, 97% of states require child care professionals to commit to ongoing professional…

  8. Navigating the State Early Childhood Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovejoy, Anna; Clothier, Steffanie

    2006-01-01

    There are four main avenues by which state policy decisions are made: legislation, executive order, administrative rules, and agency budgets. Each process offers many access points for early childhood practitioners and researchers to influence important decisions in the state. The authors provide seven tips for early childhood professionals to…

  9. Early Childhood Practice and Refrains of Complexity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cumming, Tamara; Sumsion, Jennifer; Wong, Sandie

    2015-01-01

    Early childhood practice has often been described as complex in both policy documents and research literature; however, less attention has been given to exploring the nature and consequences of complexity in early childhood practice. At a time of intense policy attention in many national contexts, there is the potential for closing down, as well…

  10. Funding Early Childhood Mental Health Services & Supports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wishmann, Amy; Kates, Donald; Kaufmann, Roxane

    This paper is the first of a two-part series on financing early childhood mental health services. It discusses the need for a systemic approach to financing early childhood mental health services and supports and presents a matrix to assist states and communities in the design of comprehensive financing systems. The vertical axis of the matrix…

  11. Quality Measurement in Early Childhood Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaslow, Martha, Ed.; Martinez-Beck, Ivelisse, Ed.; Tout, Kathryn, Ed.; Halle, Tamara, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    What constitutes quality in early childhood settings, and how can it best be measured with today's widely used tools and promising new approaches? Find authoritative answers in this book, a must-have for high-level administrators and policymakers as more and more states adopt early childhood Quality Rating and Improvement Systems. The most…

  12. Early Childhood Education: Training for the Future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alice Sterling Honig

    1996-01-01

    *Paper presented at the Early Childhood Education Conference at the University of British Columbia.This presentation focuses on future needs for training Early Childhood Educators. In addition to current emphasis on cognitive preparation for success in schools, increased emphasis must be given to create nurturing teachers who, in cooperation with families, will assist the youngest citizens to set a firm foundation

  13. Governing Early Childhood Education through Play

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JO AILWOOD

    2003-01-01

    Play serves as a significant nodal point in the discursive relations of early childhood education. The aim of this article is to ask how play has come to appear so necessary to early childhood educational settings and how this perceived necessity governs the behaviour of both adults and young children. To do this the author make use of concepts provided

  14. "Reality Shock": New Early Childhood Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahmood, Sehba

    2013-01-01

    Beginning teaching is challenging; this article examines the realities of practice for beginning early childhood teachers. Fourteen participants in their first year of teaching were interviewed; they worked in private and public early childhood education settings. Findings reveal that the reality of moving from the role of the student to teacher…

  15. Learning Partnerships in Rural Early Childhood Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coombe, Kennece; Lubawy, Joy

    A study examined six aspects of learning communities in early childhood settings in rural New South Wales (Australia). These aspects are reflection, individual development, diversity, conversation, caring, and shared responsibility. Surveys of 15 directors of early childhood programs indicated that the reflective component of the learning…

  16. The Importance of Quality Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivera, Miquela

    2008-01-01

    Early childhood education can level the academic playing field for Latino children entering school by supporting what parents are doing at home to teach their children the skills necessary to succeed. Yet, only 20% of Latino children under the age of 5 are enrolled in preschool. Many Latinos don't understand why early childhood education is…

  17. Critical Issues in Early Childhood Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaslow, Martha, Ed.; Martinez-Beck, Ivelisse, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    Effective teaching leads to positive student outcomes, and professional development for early childhood teachers is key to improving both. But what exactly is meant by "professional development"? What effect does it have on school readiness? Which models and approaches really work? This is the book the early childhood field needs to take the…

  18. Views: An Early Childhood Special Education Newsletter.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Kay, Ed.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Four issues (1980/81) of Views, an early childhood special education newsletter published by Project Sunrise Outreach in Montana, are collected in the document. Each issue contains one or two feature articles, and sections on early childhood programs, news from the states (Montana, Wyoming, and Idaho), comments from colleagues, research summaries,…

  19. Ethical Behavior in Early Childhood Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Lilian G.; Ward, Evangeline H.

    This booklet contains two essays on ethics for early childhood educators. The first essay discusses the meaning of a code of ethics, the importance of a code of ethics for working with preschool children, ethical conflicts in day care and preschool work, and steps which may be taken to help early childhood workers resolve these conflicts. Ethical…

  20. Incomes and Outcomes in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Beck A.; Dearing, Eric; McCartney, Kathleen

    2004-01-01

    The impact of family economic resources on developmental outcomes in early childhood is examined. Relative income effect sizes were found to have practical significance, both within the sample and compared to participation in Early Head Start.

  1. The Economics of Early Childhood Policy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2008-01-01

    What, pray tell, might the so-called "dismal science" of economics have to say about public investment in early childhood programs? Quite a bit, as it turns out. This report from the RAND Corporation takes an economic perspective on such investments, and its intent is to provide policymakers with a primer about "how economic analysis can help set agendas for early childhood policy and identify the economics benefits of targeting certain groups for help." Released in May 2008, the 48-page report draws on concepts including human capital theory and monetary "payoffs" from investments in early childhood programs. The report is divided into four chapters, including "Human Capital Theory" and "Implications for Early Childhood Policy". It's quite a compelling read, and it will be of interest to a broad range of persons working in fields such as early childhood development, economics, and public policy.

  2. Assistant/Associate Professor, Early Childhood ELL Education Job # 10837

    E-print Network

    Shumway, John

    Assistant/Associate Professor, Early Childhood ELL Education Job # 10837 At Arizona State of research and scholarship in the field of early childhood/early childhood special education/BLE/ESL, and will have opportunities to collaborate with nationally recognized faculty in early childhood education/early

  3. Managing Asthma in the Early Childhood Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graville, Iris

    2011-01-01

    Asthma, one of the most common chronic disorders in childhood, affects more than seven million children in the United States, and is the third leading cause of hospitalization for children. Statistics like these make planning and preparing for asthma in the early childhood setting a high priority. With the high rates of asthma in the U.S. today,…

  4. The World Bank's View of Early Childhood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penn, Helen

    2002-01-01

    Explores World Bank's view of early childhood as an example of the globalization of childhood, arguing that the Bank's policies exacerbate the gap between rich and poor nations and between rich and poor within countries, and affect children's lives adversely. Explores inherent contradictions of policies that draw on traditional Anglo-American…

  5. Eco-Early Childhood Education: A New Paradigm of Early Childhood Education in South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Eunju; Lim, Jaetack

    2007-01-01

    In the early 1990s, university faculty members, early childhood educators, and preschool teachers in South Korea created a new paradigm for education. Eco-early childhood education uses an ecological point of view to reform existing child-centered education. This perspective proposes moving from child- to life-centered, individual- to…

  6. Business Case for Early Childhood Investments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    America's Promise Alliance (NJ1), 2011

    2011-01-01

    America's Promise's ReadyNation initiative has released this brief, which "makes the case" to business leaders on why investing in early childhood should be important to them. The brief includes "how-to" tips, helpful statistics and more.

  7. Teen Parents in Early Childhood Interventions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korfmacher, Jon

    2005-01-01

    This article reviews five large national studies that include significant findings about the effects of early care and intervention on the children of teens. Five large-scale, national early childhood intervention research trials have included teen parents: Early Head Start, Nurse Family Partnership, Parents as Teachers, Healthy Start/Healthy…

  8. Integrating Computer Technology in Early Childhood Education Environments: Issues Raised by Early Childhood Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Eileen; Specht, Jacqueline; Willoughby, Teena; Mueller, Julie

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the educators' perspectives on the introduction of computer technology in the early childhood education environment. Fifty early childhood educators completed a survey and participated in focus groups. Parallels existed between the individually completed survey data and the focus group discussions. The…

  9. Contemporary Perspectives on Early Childhood Curriculum. Contemporary Perspectives in Early Childhood Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saracho, Olivia N. Ed.; Spodek, Bernard, Ed.

    Noting that the curriculum in early childhood education is dramatically different from that at other levels of education, this volume seeks to clarify some of the issues related to early childhood curriculum development and its bases in both personal knowledge and knowledge from the different disciplines to achieve a "balanced curriculum."…

  10. Hawai`i's Early Childhood Comprehensive System Early Childhood Comprehensive System

    E-print Network

    `i's families and prevent abuse and neglect. · In collaboration with the Department of Health's Mental Health Transformation State Incentive Grant, the conduct- ing of an Early Childhood Mental Health Leadership Sum- mit that brought together leaders from the early childhood and mental health communities. · The partnering

  11. The Early Childhood Program: A Place To Learn and Grow. An Early Childhood Video Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association for the Education of Young Children, Washington, DC.

    Noting that early childhood education is recognized as critical to a child's educational career, this 7-part videotape series focuses on developmentally appropriate practices in the components of quality early childhood programs, providing an opportunity for acquiring working knowledge, observing classroom models, and reflecting on one's own…

  12. The Early Childhood Curriculum: Current Findings in Theory and Practice. Third Edition. Early Childhood Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seefeldt, Carol, Ed.

    Continuing pressures on all of education to fully prepare children for the role of citizen intensifies the need for early childhood educators to respond to the questions of what is taught and what content young children are learning. Designed as a resource for early childhood educators, this book offers an overview of various theories, research…

  13. When Early Childhood and School Meet: Exploring Potential within Early Childhood-School Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Linda

    2014-01-01

    Recent policy shifts have re-positioned early childhood within educational processes aimed at fostering coherence for children across the different phrases of education. In turn, this has placed a necessary demand on the early childhood-school relationship, drawing attention to existing tensions within the relationships. This paper explores…

  14. Early Childhood in Ethiopia: Initiatives in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Szente, Judit; Hoot, James; Tadesse, Selamawit

    2007-01-01

    This article informs readers about early childhood in one of the poorest nations in the world--Ethiopia. Within the context of ecological systems theory, it emphasizes the characteristics of early education programs such as pre-school and basic (primary) education, and creates connections with families' views about education. The article concludes…

  15. Early Childhood Programs for a New Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Arthur J., Ed.; Wang, Margaret C., Ed.; Walberg, Herbert J., Ed.

    Investments in children during the early years of life are regarded as one of the most effective ways to promote children's learning. This book synthesizes the research base and state of practice of early childhood learning and answers such questions as: What programs are most effective, and who benefits most from them? What are the key components…

  16. Physical Science in Constructivist Early Childhood Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kato, Tsuguhiko; Van Meeteren, Beth Dykstra

    2008-01-01

    Teachers at the Freeburg Early Childhood Program know that experimentation with physical science is of great interest to young children, and can begin as early as the age of 3. The constructivist teachers at this experimental school at the University of Northern Iowa worked for six years to develop a center-based approach to physical science with…

  17. The Importance of Early Childhood Poverty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Greg J. Duncan; Katherine Magnuson; Ariel Kalil; Kathleen Ziol-Guest

    2012-01-01

    Most poor children achieve less, exhibit more problem behaviors and are less healthy than children reared in more affluent\\u000a families. We look beyond correlations such as these to a recent set of studies that attempt to assess the causal impact of\\u000a childhood poverty on adult well-being. We pay particular attention to the potentially harmful effects of poverty early in\\u000a childhood

  18. Acting with the Clock: Clocking Practices in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pacini-Ketchabaw, Veronica

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the author addresses intra-actions that take place among humans and non-human others--the physical world, the materials--in early childhood education's everyday practices. Her object of study is the clock. Specifically, she provides an example of what it might mean to account for the intra-activity of the material-discursive…

  19. Early Childhood Development: Laying the Foundations of Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faccini, Benedict; Combes, Bernard

    Early childhood development is increasingly viewed as an affirmation of children's rights. This report describes the concept of early childhood development and presents several viewpoints regarding early childhood care and development, parenting, and approaches to early education. The report also presents 10 case studies of programs to enhance the…

  20. Making Sustainability Visible: Two Early Childhood Education Centers

    E-print Network

    Making Sustainability Visible: Two Early Childhood Education Centers Jenny Young, Anna Liu evaluation compares two early childhood education centers built in 2007 in two very different parts of rural-occupancy, sustainability, children INTRODUCTION: COMPARING TWO CENTERS FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Redwood Early

  1. Teach Early Childhood in China! The Department of Childhood Education, Literacy and TESOL (CELT) at the

    E-print Network

    Asaithambi, Asai

    Teach Early Childhood in China! The Department of Childhood Education, Literacy and TESOL (CELT! Contact: Dr. Elizabeth Fullerton (e.fullerton@unf.edu) -Early Childhood Ed.(904) 620-4359 Dr. Shari Little (slittle@unf.edu) - TESOL (904) 620-1794 Dr. Ronghua Ouyang (ronghua.ouyang@unf.edu) ­ Chair of Childhood

  2. Indicators of Access to Early Childhood Services in the Mississippi Delta. Rural Early Childhood Report No. 5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shores, Elizabeth F.; Barbaro, Erin; Barbaro, Michael C.; Flenner, Michelle; Bell, Lynn

    2007-01-01

    The Early Childhood Atlas facilitates spatial analysis in early childhood services research for the promotion of greater quality and accessibility of early care and education. The Atlas team collects and geocodes federal, state and nongovernmental datasets about early childhood services, integrating selected data elements into its online mapmaking…

  3. 45 CFR 1304.21 - Education and early childhood development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...false Education and early childhood development. 1304.21 Section 1304.21 ...Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...DELEGATE AGENCIES Early Childhood Development and Health Services § 1304.21...

  4. Predictors of shorter sleep in early childhood

    PubMed Central

    McDonald, Laura; Wardle, Jane; Llewellyn, Clare H.; van Jaarsveld, Cornelia H.M.; Fisher, Abigail

    2014-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to identify socio-demographic and home environmental predictors of shorter sleep in early childhood, and to examine whether effects were mediated by the timing of bedtime or wake time. Methods Participants were from Gemini, a British birth cohort of twins, and included 1702 children; one randomly selected from each twin pair. Parents reported night-time sleep duration at an average age of 15.8 months (range 14–27 months) using a modified version of the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression models were used to identify predictors of shorter sleep for this study. Results Using a cut-off of <11 h a night, shorter sleep was reported in 14.1% of children. Lower maternal education, non-white ethnic background, being male, low birth weight, living in a home with >1 older child and watching >1 h of TV in the evening were independently associated with shorter sleep. Mediation analyses showed that associations between education, ethnicity, evening TV viewing and sleep were driven predominantly by later bedtimes, while sex differences were driven predominantly by earlier wake times in boys. Conclusion In this sample, multiple environmental factors were associated with shorter sleep in young children, with several operating predominantly through later bedtime. An emphasis on the importance of an early and consistent bedtime could help promote healthy sleep and reduce inequalities in child health. PMID:24726571

  5. Sleep and energy intake in early childhood

    PubMed Central

    Fisher, A; McDonald, L; van Jaarsveld, C H M; Llewellyn, C; Fildes, A; Schrempft, S; Wardle, J

    2014-01-01

    Background And Objectives: Shorter sleep is associated with higher weight in children, but little is known about the mechanisms. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that shorter sleep was associated with higher energy intake in early childhood. Methods: Participants were 1303 families from the Gemini twin birth cohort. Sleep duration was measured using the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire when the children were 16 months old. Total energy intake (kcal per day) and grams per day of fat, carbohydrate and protein were derived from 3-day diet diaries completed by parents when children were 21 months old. Results: Shorter nighttime sleep was associated with higher total energy intake (P for linear trend=0.005). Children sleeping <10?h consumed around 50?kcal per day more than those sleeping 11–<12?h a night (the optimal sleep duration for children of this age). Differences in energy intake were maintained after adjustment for confounders. As a percentage of total energy intake, there were no significant differences in macronutrient intake by sleep duration. The association between sleep and weight was not significant at this age (P=0.13). Conclusions: This study provides the first evidence that shorter nighttime sleep duration has a linear association with higher energy intake early in life. That the effect is observed before emergence of associations between sleep and weight indicates that differences in energy intake may be a mechanism through which sleep influences weight gain. PMID:24667887

  6. Researching early childhood student teachers: Life histories and course experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Ann Farrell; Sue Walker; Anna Bower; Deborah Gahan

    2000-01-01

    Changing expectations of students in early childhood teacher education, diversity of their life histories, extramural commitments,\\u000a and the socio-cultural contest of the early childhood sector have raised a range of concerns about the course experience of\\u000a students enrolled in the Bachelor of Education (Early childhood) in the School of Early Childhood, at the Queensland University\\u000a of Technology. This paper reports

  7. Early onset (childhood) monogenic neuropathies.

    PubMed

    Landrieu, Pierre; Baets, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Hereditary neuropathies (HN) with onset in childhood are categorized according to clinical presentation, pathogenic mechanism based on electrophysiology, genetic transmission and, in selected cases, pathological findings. Especially relevant to pediatrics are the items "secondary" versus "primary" neuropathy, "syndromic versus nonsyndromic," and "period of life." Different combinations of these parameters frequently point toward specific monogenic disorders. Ruling out a neuropathy secondary to a generalized metabolic disorder remains the first concern in pediatrics. As a rule, metabolic diseases include additional, orienting symptoms or signs, and their biochemical diagnosis is based on logical algorithms. Primary, motor sensory are the most frequent HN and are dominated by demyelinating autosomal dominant (AD) forms (CMT1). Other forms include demyelinating autosomal recessive (AR) forms, axonal AD/AR forms, and forms with "intermediate" electrophysiological phenotype. Peripheral motor neuron disorders are dominated by AR SMN-linked spinal muscular atrophies. (Distal) hereditary motor neuropathies represent <10% of HN but exhibit large clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Sensory/dysautonomic HN involves five classic subtypes, each one related to specific genes. However, genetic heterogeneity is larger than initially suspected. Syndromic HN distinguish "purely neurological syndromes", which are multisystemic, such as spinocerebellar atrophies +, spastic paraplegias +, etc. Peripheral neuropathy is possibly the presenting feature, including in childhood. Autosomal recessive forms, on average, start more frequently in childhood. "Multiorgan syndromes", on the other hand, are more specific to Pediatrics. AR forms, which are clearly degenerative, prompt the investigation of a large set of pleiotropic genes. Other syndromes expressed in the perinatal period are mainly developmental disorders, and can sometimes be related to specific transcription factors. Systematic malformative workup and ethical considerations are necessary. Altogether, >40 genes with various biological functions have been found to be responsible for primary HN. Many are responsible for various phenotypes, including some without the polyneuropathic trait, and some for various types of transmission. PMID:23931819

  8. Trajectories of Autism Severity in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Venker, Courtney E.; Ray-Subramanian, Corey E.; Bolt, Daniel M.; Weismer, Susan Ellis

    2014-01-01

    Relatively little is known about trajectories of autism severity using calibrated severity scores (CSS) from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, but characterizing these trajectories has important theoretical and clinical implications. This study examined CSS trajectories during early childhood. Participants were 129 children with autism…

  9. Agentive and Communitarian Play in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dmytro, Dana; Kubiliene, Neringa; Cameron, Catherine Ann

    2014-01-01

    Play has long been recognised as a vehicle by which significant developmental advances occur during early childhood. Children use play to explore their relationships, their psychosocial skills, and their environment, and through their experiences, they begin to adopt specific capacities and values that have an impact on future socio-emotional and…

  10. Early Childhood in the New China: Suzhou

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalinowski, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Suzhou is one hour to the West of Shanghai, and one of China's most interesting cities, famous for its silks, canals, and scholar gardens. According to a popular legend, Marco Polo is reputed to have said, "In heaven there is paradise, and on earth, Hangzhou and Suzhou." As the city rapidly expands, the issue of early childhood education is a…

  11. Competency-Based Early Childhood Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosberg, Merilee

    This paper describes the competency-based early childhood preservice program at Iowa's Mount Mercy College, which is for people working with children from birth through age 8, including children with special needs. Program content encompasses five competency areas: child growth and development; developmentally appropriate learning; health, safety,…

  12. Art Books for Early Childhood Classroom Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pitri, Eliza

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore the relationships among art, language, and communication through the use of children's art books in early childhood teaching. By children's art books, meaning books for children that serve as contexts for reproductions of artworks, are stunning works of art themselves, engage the curiosity and thinking of…

  13. Physical Fitness and the Early Childhood Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pica, Rae

    2006-01-01

    The state of children's fitness is the responsibility of all who are involved with children. As early childhood professionals, they have a duty to educate the whole (thinking, feeling, "moving") child. Moreover, teachers of preschoolers can be more realistic than parents in their assessment of children's physical inactivity levels, and preschool…

  14. Federal Agencies Keep Early Childhood in Focus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karolak, Eric

    2010-01-01

    Federal agencies and offices have important and exciting early childhood efforts underway. Staff at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and within it, the Administration for Children and Families (ACF)--which manages both the Child Care and Development Fund and the Head Start program, among other initiatives--and the U.S.…

  15. Early Childhood Development: Trends and Likely Scenarios.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Oudenhoven, Nico; Wazir, Rekha

    The following trends have been in motion in the field of early childhood development (ECD) for some time: (1) the concept of ECD is increasingly taking on additional connotations; (2) in Europe children are becoming a minority group and other age groups, such as the elderly, see them as competitors for the same limited resources; (3) the downward…

  16. The Imagination of Early Childhood Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Harry

    This book examines historical features from antiquity through present times that are important to early childhood scholars. Chapter 1 presents the history of education, including discussions of educational practices from the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries in Europe and the United States, recent efforts to merge preschool and…

  17. The Wellsprings of Early Childhood Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elkind, David

    1988-01-01

    Examines three philosophical traditions and their implications for early childhood education. Links Montessori to the empirical tradition. Considers the influence of the nativistic tradition of Plato and Rousseau on Froebel, the originator of the kindergarten, and Steiner, the founder of the Waldorf Schools. Discusses Piaget's ties to…

  18. Early Childhood Technology Education: A Sociocultural Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siu, Kin Wai Michael; Lam, Mei Seung

    2005-01-01

    We are living in a fast-changing, technology-driven world, where technology affects the daily lives of every person, directly or indirectly. While the importance of providing young children with technological knowledge and experience has been well-recognized, how the curriculum should be developed deserves greater study. Using early childhood

  19. Challenges Facing Early Childhood Programs Worldwide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neugebauer, Roger

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author presents the challenges faced by early childhood education in 29 countries, according to the World Forum National Representatives and Global Leaders for Young Children. The countries represented in these responses include: Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, Fiji, India, Iran, Iraq, Japan,…

  20. Interculturalism: Addressing Diversity in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ponciano, Leslie; Shabazian, Ani

    2012-01-01

    Early childhood educators work with children and families from a range of diverse backgrounds. As society becomes increasingly multiracial, multilingual, and multicultural, so too grows the need for educators' abilities to support children's development by instilling in them the tools they need to live together respectfully and stand up to…

  1. Early Childhood Teachers Coping with Educational Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilgallon, Pam; Maloney, Carmel; Lock, Graeme

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes a study of early childhood teachers' (educators of children aged four - eight years in school settings) perceptions of key factors which impact on their ability to cope with the implementation of mandated educational change in the workplace. Using qualitative methodology including surveys, focus groups and in-depth interviews,…

  2. Parent Involvement in Early Childhood Home Visiting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korfmacher, Jon; Green, Beth; Staerkel, Fredi; Peterson, Carla; Cook, Gina; Roggman, Lori; Faldowski, Richard A.; Schiffman, Rachel

    2008-01-01

    This review provides an overview of an important aspect of early childhood home visiting research: understanding how parents are involved in program services and activities. Involvement is defined as the process of the parent connecting with and using the services of a program to the best of the client's and the program's ability. The term…

  3. Infant Attention and Early Childhood Executive Function

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuevas, Kimberly; Bell, Martha Ann

    2014-01-01

    Individual differences in infant attention are theorized to reflect the speed of information processing and are related to later cognitive abilities (i.e., memory, language, and intelligence). This study provides the first systematic longitudinal analysis of infant attention and early childhood executive function (EF; e.g., working memory,…

  4. Embedding Augmentative Communication within Early Childhood Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiCarlo, Cynthia; Banajee, Meher; Stricklin, Sarintha Buras

    2000-01-01

    This article first describes various augmentative communication systems including sign language, picture symbols, and voice output communication devices. It then explains ways to embed augmentative communication within four types of early childhood classroom activities: (1) special or planned activities, (2) meal time, (3) circle time, and (4)…

  5. Assessing Vocabulary Learning in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Jessica L.; Teale, William H.; Paciga, Kathleen A.

    2014-01-01

    There is widespread agreement with in the field of early childhood education that vocabulary is important to literacy achievement and that reading aloud can support vocabulary growth. However, there are unexplored and significant problems with the ways we assess young children's vocabulary learning from read-alouds. This paper critically…

  6. Early Childhood Inclusion: Focus on Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guralnick, Michael J., Ed.

    Early childhood inclusion is a field characterized by a philosophy and practice that encourages full participation of children with disabilities and their families in everyday activities with their typically developing peers. Noting that success in inclusion endeavors requires substantial changes in the way our society thinks, feels, and acts,…

  7. Constructing Relational Space in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vuorisalo, Mari; Rutanen, Niina; Raittila, Raija

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines early childhood education (ECE) by applying and developing relational-spatial perspectives on everyday life in educational institutions for young children. The aim is to investigate the dynamic process of construction of space and to illustrate with selected empirical episodes how this process occurs in ECE. Drawing on authors…

  8. Challenging partnerships in Australian early childhood education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Collette Tayler

    2006-01-01

    Partnerships that form to advance early childhood education are influenced by history and purpose. They are enacted in diverse social, cultural, economic, geographic and educational contexts. Using the theme of ‘strong and equal partnership’ between family and school, and taking a theoretical standpoint that values social cohesion and the agency of the child, this paper investigates ways in which partnership

  9. Understanding Early Childhood: Issues and Controversies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penn, Helen

    2004-01-01

    Drawing on research evidence from across the world, this book offers a wide-ranging perspective on the ways in which we understand and study young children. The book summarizes current debates in child development, and looks at different ways of understanding early childhood and the various methods used to gain understanding, featuring: (1)…

  10. Early Childhood Nutrition Increases Adult Wages

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Hoddinott

    2009-01-01

    A study in Guatemala presents the first direct evidence of the effects of early childhood nutrition programs on adult economic productivity and incomes. The research shows that feeding young children a caloric, micronutrient-enriched nutritional supplement leads to significant increases in wage rates for men as adults. Boys who received the supplement in the first two years of life earned on

  11. Early childhood nutrition and academic achievement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Glewwe; Hanan Jocoby; Elizabeth M. King

    1999-01-01

    Early childhood nutrition is thought to be an important input into subsequent academic achievement. This paper investigates the nutrition-learning nexus using a unique longitudinal data set, which follows a large sample of Philippine children from birth until the end of their primary education. We find that malnourished children perform more poorly in school, even after correcting for the effects of

  12. The Growing Boundaries of Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Therrien, Susan

    1977-01-01

    The demand for knowledge of the educational issues related to services to the young child is increasing. Attempts to identify and describe four areas in which knowledge is available to the early childhood educator and lists some sources of further information on the subject. (Author/RK)

  13. HIV/AIDS and Early Childhood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanssen, Elizabeth, Ed.; Zimanyi, Louise, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    The Consultative Group on Early Childhood Care and Development is increasingly concerned with the lack of attention to children affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. This theme issue of "Coordinators' Notebook" examines issues related to ensuring that orphans and vulnerable children under 5 years receive attention in the international, national, and…

  14. CSU Early Childhood Center 2013 Annual Report

    E-print Network

    families with a year-round schedule. We have continued meaningful partnerships to enhance our impact was an exciting and productive year for the Early Childhood Center at Colorado State University. We relocated support and participation in the life of our school. Together, we are well able to ful ll our three

  15. The Visual Arts and Early Childhood Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Christine Marme, Ed.

    This anthology focuses on the earliest art expressions, experiences and encounters of young children in the educational setting. The 21 chapters include: (1) "The Visual Arts and Early Childhood Learning: Changing Contexts and Concepts" (Christine Marme Thompson); (2) "The Narrative Quality of Young Children's Art" (Marilyn Zurmuehlen; Larry…

  16. Early Childhood Trends around the World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neugebauer, Roger

    2007-01-01

    This article shares the views of the members of the World Forum community regarding early childhood education trends around the world. It summarizes trends from Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Denmark, The Netherlands, Italy, Turkey, Nepal, Vietnam, Tajikistan, Hong Kong, Singapore, India, New Zealand, Jordan, Palestine, Egypt,…

  17. The Importance of Music in Early Childhood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levinowitz, Lili M.

    1998-01-01

    Surveys some of the research in music education that validates the inclusion of music for its own sake in models for early childhood learning. Focuses on topics that include, but are not limited to, child and vocal development, the importance of movement for children, and adult involvement in music education. (CMK)

  18. Early Childhood Education: A Study of Twenty-Seven States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benish, Jean, Comp.

    Descriptions of 27 state early childhood education programs are presented in this survey conducted to provide information on which to base program development decisions related to early childhood education in West Virginia. The study surveyed the following areas in each state: definition of early childhood education; administrating agency; laws,…

  19. Repositioning early childhood leadership as action and activism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christine Woodrow; Gillian Busch

    2008-01-01

    Robust leadership is increasingly recognised as a critical element of healthy professions, yet some research suggests that early childhood practitioners do not readily identify with the concept of leadership. This article explores some dimensions of leadership in early childhood and how it is understood and practised in Australian early childhood contexts. The analysis suggests that the dominant images of leadership

  20. Aboriginal Early Childhood Education in Canada: Issues of Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preston, Jane P.; Cottrell, Michael; Pelletier, Terrance R.; Pearce, Joseph V.

    2012-01-01

    Herein we provide a literature synthesis pertaining to the state of Aboriginal early childhood education in Canada. We identify key features of quality Aboriginal early childhood programs. The background and significance of early childhood education for Aboriginal peoples is explicated. Cultural compatibility theory is employed as the…

  1. Professionalism and the preparation of early childhood education practitioners

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Olivia N. Saracho; Bernard Spodek

    1993-01-01

    The call for reform in early childhood education has resulted in proposals for improving the level of professionalism among early childhood practitioners and the establishment of credentialling systems. A further result has been the modification of state early childhood teacher certification. This paper argues that the integration of new knowledge emerging from studies of practice and child development can help

  2. Contemporary trends and developments in early childhood education in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jiaxiong Zhu; Jie Zhang

    2008-01-01

    Early childhood education in China has gone through a century?long development process and has made great progress in the past two decades. Contemporary early childhood education is becoming diverse in its forms and educational approaches, and is aligning itself with the increasingly open and diversified society. It is clear that early childhood education in China is strongly influenced by sociocultural

  3. MAJOR: HUMAN DEVELOPMENT & FAMILY STUDIES (HDFS) EMPHASIS: EARLY CHILDHOOD EDCUATION

    E-print Network

    Tipple, Brett

    , SU FCS 2400 Family Relations Across the Life Course (BF) 3 3. EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION CORE (42 with their advisor on a regular basis. Updated 05/15/2013 The Early Childhood Education (ECE) emphasis providesMAJOR: HUMAN DEVELOPMENT & FAMILY STUDIES (HDFS) EMPHASIS: EARLY CHILDHOOD EDCUATION Minimum HDFS

  4. Child Care Provider Training Helping Early Childhood Educators

    E-print Network

    Child Care Provider Training Helping Early Childhood Educators Provide Quality Care for Today that were not conducted by Extension. In addition to the face-to-face conferences, early childhood educators at these conferences on a variety of topics related to child care. Online Training. Extension's Early Childhood

  5. Contemporary Trends and Developments in Early Childhood Education in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhu, Jiaxiong; Zhang, Jie

    2008-01-01

    Early childhood education in China has gone through a century-long development process and has made great progress in the past two decades. Contemporary early childhood education is becoming diverse in its forms and educational approaches, and is aligning itself with the increasingly open and diversified society. It is clear that early childhood

  6. Breaking bread: spirituality, food and early childhood education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jane Bone

    2005-01-01

    The spiritual aspect of early childhood education is supported by the early childhood curriculum in Aotearoa New Zealand, Te Wh?riki. Research in three different early childhood settings presents new perspectives on the everyday experiences of children in terms of spirituality. Each setting formed a case study that included the voices of children, parents and teachers. Focusing on the practices that

  7. Leadership in Early Childhood: The Pathway to Professionalism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodd, Jillian

    The product of nearly 20 years experience in the early childhood field, this book gives current and intending practitioners a better understanding of the nature of leadership in the early childhood profession and its effect on the professionalization of the field. It explores who is or can become a leader and why early childhood leaders are in a…

  8. "Learning Stories"--Crossing Borders: Introducing Qualitative Early Childhood Observation Techniques to Early Childhood Practitioners in Saudi Arabia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyland, Berenice; Alfayez, Shatha

    2012-01-01

    Early childhood education has become a focus of government policy across the world. Part of the present increased interest in early childhood education has been a focus on curriculum frameworks and socio/cultural methods of assessment. Currently, New Zealand has emerged as a world leader in early childhood education, and observation and assessment…

  9. The Politics of Technology in Early Childhood in Aotearoa/New Zealand: Fitting Early Childhood Educators in the ICT Grid

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbons, Andrew Neil

    2006-01-01

    This article identifies contemporary issues for educators regarding the integration of new technologies in the early childhood education centre, through critical analysis of discourse associated with the integration of new technologies in early childhood services in Aotearoa/New Zealand. A culture of critique is revealed as an early childhood

  10. Resistance, Reproduction, Both, or Neither: Exploring the Influence of Early Childhood Professional Development Specialists on the Field of Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gomez, Rebecca E.

    2012-01-01

    This article details the findings from a qualitative study that explored the ways individuals who work with early childhood education (ECE) practitioners in professional development settings influenced those practitioners' understandings of early childhood policy and early childhood systems. Defined as individuals who work in the professional…

  11. Making "Place" for Ecological Sustainability in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duhn, Iris

    2012-01-01

    Culturally, childhood is often understood as a time of innocence which can mean that issues such as ecological sustainability are considered too problematic for early childhood practice. By drawing on findings from a research project that focused on issues of ecological sustainability in early childhood centres in New Zealand from Western and…

  12. Handbook of Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pianta, Robert C., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Comprehensive and authoritative, this forward-thinking book reviews the breadth of current knowledge about early education and identifies important priorities for practice and policy. Robert C. Pianta and his associates bring together foremost experts to examine what works in promoting all children's school readiness and social-emotional…

  13. Early Childhood Service Delivery for Families Living with Childhood Disability: Disabling Families through Problematic Implicit Ideology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breen, Lauren J.

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to unpack the implicit ideology underpinning early childhood service delivery for families living with childhood disability. The family as the unit of care is central to the philosophy and practice of early childhood services. However, the practice of family-centred care can be problematic; it is based upon neo-liberal…

  14. Infant Attention and Early Childhood Executive Function

    PubMed Central

    Cuevas, Kimberly; Bell, Martha Ann

    2013-01-01

    Individual differences in infant attention are theorized to reflect the speed of information processing and are related to later cognitive abilities (i.e., memory, language, intelligence). This study provides the first systematic longitudinal analysis of infant attention and early childhood executive function (EF; e.g., working memory, inhibitory control, cognitive flexibility). A group of 5-month-olds (n = 201) were classified as short or long lookers. At 24, 36, and 48 months of age, children completed age-appropriate EF tasks. Infant short lookers (i.e., more efficient information processors) exhibited higher EF throughout early childhood as compared to infant long lookers, even after controlling for verbal ability (a potential indicator of intelligence). These findings are discussed in relation to the emergence of executive attention. PMID:23711103

  15. Early Childhood Interventions: Proven Results, Future Promise

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Cannon, Jill S.

    2005-01-01

    A significant amount of intellectual hand wringing has gone on as of late regarding the nature and importance of early childhood intervention programs. Some have claimed that such programs (including Head Start) are inherently a waste of money, while others tout their apparent ability to increase future educational and life opportunities, particularly for the under-privileged. This intriguing research report from the RAND Corporation, authored by Rebecca Kilburn and Jill Cannon, provides compelling evidence suggesting that well-designed programs for disadvantaged children age four and younger can produce economic benefits that are quite significant. The report contends that high quality early childhood programs can "keep children out of expensive special education programs; increase high school graduation rates; reduce juvenile crime, and increase the number of students who go on to college." Stimulating in its approach and its scholarly rigor, this report will be quite useful and helpful to persons interested in such policy issues.

  16. Training early childhood educators in India

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mira Choudhry

    1992-01-01

    The National Policy on Education #op1986#cp has given a great deal of importance to early childhood care and education #opECCE#cp. It views ECCE as an important input in the strategy of human resource development, as a feeder and support programme for primary education and as a support service for working women of the disadvantaged sections of society. It has also

  17. PARENTAL DIVORCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MCDERMOTT, JOHN V.

    THE BEHAVIOR OF 16 CHILDREN THREE TO FIVE YEARS OLD AT THE TIME THEIR PARENTS WERE BEING SEPARATED AND DIVORCED WAS OBSERVED IN A PRIVATE, INDEPENDENT NURSERY SCHOOL. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY WERE TO DISCOVER--(1) IF THE DIVORCE PERIOD IS A TIME OF SIGNIFICANT STRESS FOR THE CHILDREN, (2) HOW THE DIVORCE AFFECTS THE BEHAVIOR OF CHILDREN, (3) HOW…

  18. Overview of Play: Its Uses and Importance in Early Intervention/Early Childhood Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lifter, Karin; Foster-Sanda, Suzanne; Arzamarski, Caley; Briesch, Jacquelyn; McClure, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    Play is a natural activity of early childhood, which has great relevance to the fields of early intervention, early childhood special education, and early childhood education. Within these fields, ongoing tensions persist in how play is described and used. These tensions compromise activities of assessment, intervention, and curriculum development…

  19. Quality and equity in early childhood care in Peru

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Izu, Regina Moromizato

    2007-01-01

    The present study examines educational policy documents and programs on early childhood development and education in Peru. The author provides an evaluation of early childhood learning programs and their outcomes in different education centers in Peru. Health, nutrition, development, and participation are identified as key areas of concern. The study concludes with a reference to the importance of monitoring quality and equity in early childhood care.

  20. From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shonkoff, Jack P., Ed.; Phillips, Deborah A., Ed.

    The Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development reviewed an extensive, multi-disciplinary, and complex body of research covering the period from before birth to entry into Kindergarten to generate an integrated science of early childhood development and the role of early experiences. The result of the committee's review,…

  1. Transitions for Young Children: Creating Connections across Early Childhood Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kagan, Sharon Lynn, Ed.; Tarrant, Kate, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    Smooth early childhood transitions are key to ensuring positive outcomes for young children the world over--but in today's fragmented early education systems, it's difficult to ensure continuity among programs and services. Early childhood professionals will help change that with this book, the first to propose a comprehensive, practical framework…

  2. School of Continuing Education Center for Early Childhood

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    School of Continuing Education Center for Early Childhood Professional Development & Leadership www.sce-earlychildhood.uwm.edu Program Support Aide The Center for Early Childhood Professional Development & Leadership at the School service and organizational skills. This Center serves professionals in the early care and education field

  3. Preschool Is School, Sometimes: Making Early Childhood Education Matter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pianta, Robert C.

    2007-01-01

    In recent years, providsion of early learning experiences to children has found a place on political agendas nationwide. Increasingly, early childhood education is viewed as a point of leverage for addressing low levels of, and gaps in, K-12 achievement. This article discusses what people know about the quality of existing early-childhood

  4. Investigating Reported Data Practices in Early Childhood: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brawley, Susan; Stormont, Melissa A.

    2014-01-01

    The importance of collecting and using data for educational decision making is clear. However, little information has been gathered about the systematic collection and use of data in early childhood. The purpose of this study was to explore teacher perceptions of data collection practices in early childhood. Participants included 137 early

  5. Test Review: C. K. Conners. Conners Early Childhood Manual

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiley, Colby P.; Wedeking, Travis; Galindo, Addy M.

    2013-01-01

    This article reviews the Conners Early Childhood (Conners EC; Conners, 2009), a behavior and development rating scale intended to assess children in early childhood, specifically defined as ages 2 to 6 years. Using multiple informants across multiple settings, the Conners EC is administered for the purpose of early identification of disorders or…

  6. Early Childhood Presentation of Czech Dysplasia

    PubMed Central

    Burrage, Lindsay C.; Lu, James T.; Liu, David S.; Moss, Timothy J.; Gibbs, Richard; Schlesinger, Alan E.; Bacino, Carlos A.; Campeau, Philippe M.; Lee, Brendan H.

    2013-01-01

    Czech dysplasia, metatarsal type is an autosomal dominant skeletal disorder that is characterized by early-onset, progressive arthritis, brachydactyly of the 3rd and 4th toes, and characteristic radiographic findings in patients of normal stature. Patients with Czech dysplasia typically present in late childhood or later. In the present report, whole exome sequencing identified a mutation in COL2A1 (c.823C>T, p.R275C) known to be associated with Czech dysplasia in a 3.5 year old female who had a family history of early-onset arthritis and who was asymptomatic except for prominent knees. The use of whole exome sequencing facilitated diagnosis of this rare disease (less than 15 families in the literature) in the presymptomatic period and thus enabled us to provide early anticipatory guidance and genetic counseling for the family. PMID:23448908

  7. Early Childhood, Major Challenges: Review of Early Childhood Education and Care Policies in OECD Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, John; Neuman, Michelle J.

    2004-01-01

    This article presents the most recent results of a comparative review of early childhood education and care carried out by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Founded in 1961 and based in Paris, OECD is one of the world's most important sources of statistical, economic, and social data. Based on reviews in the…

  8. Language and Literacy in Early Childhood Education. Yearbook in Early Childhood Education, Volume 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spodek, Bernard, Ed.; Saracho, Olivia N., Ed.

    As classrooms have become more culturally and linguistically diversified, the theories and methods of teaching reading to young children have changed. Early childhood educators must explore new methods of instruction in order to involve and expand the language abilities of young children and must provide engaging activities that will create more…

  9. Studying Teachers in Early Childhood Settings. Contemporary Perspectives in Early Childhood Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saracho, Olivia N., Ed.; Spodek, Bernard, Ed.

    These papers reflect the impact that early childhood teachers have on their students when they "stand in front of the classroom" and the effect their performance and characteristics have on children. After "Introduction: Factors that Impact Teacher Quality" (Olivia N. Saracho and Bernard Spodek), 11 papers include: (1) "The Preparation of Teachers…

  10. Cooperative Learning in the Early Childhood Classroom. NEA Early Childhood Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foyle, Harvey C.; And Others

    In this book, the methodology of cooperative learning, defined as the teaching strategy that involves children's participation in small group learning activities that promote positive interaction, is applied to early childhood education. The book contains the following chapters: (1) A Rationale for Cooperative Learning with Young Children, which…

  11. Early Childhood Policy Focus: Healthy Eating and Physical Activity. Early Childhood Highlights. Volume 2, Issue 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphey, David; Mackintosh, Bonnie; McCoy-Roth, Marci

    2011-01-01

    The importance of good nutrition and exercise is well known, and parents have long worried about their children's diets and envied their high energy levels. Like so many life style habits, patterns of nutrition and exercise behaviors are typically established in early childhood. Poor diet and lack of exercise contribute to obesity, which has been…

  12. Early Childhood Adventures in Peacemaking: A Conflict Resolution Activity Guide for Early Childhood Educators. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kreidler, William J.; Whittall, Sandy Tsubokawa

    This early childhood curriculum (ages 3-6) uses games, music, art, drama, and storytelling to teach young children effective, nonviolent ways to resolve conflicts and provides caregivers with tools for helping young children develop key conflict resolution skills. Following an introductory chapter, Chapter 2 provides guidance in assessing the…

  13. Early Childhood Trends Worldwide--First Annual World Early Childhood Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neugebauer, Roger

    2001-01-01

    Presents information on trends in early childhood education in various countries, focusing on educational policy and the role of government. Summarizes trends from Armenia, Canada, Finland, Iceland, India, Japan, Kenya, Mexico, Moldova, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, and Uruguay. (KB)

  14. Education: Early Childhood Studies (ECS) Page 111Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog EDUCATION: EARLY CHILDHOOD STUDIES

    E-print Network

    Ravikumar, B.

    of Children 3-4 PSY 418 Psychology of the Family 3-4 PSY 431 Introduction to Art Therapy 3-4 PSY 448 Cognitive a major in Early Childhood Studies, a minor in Early Childhood Studies and a Master of Arts in education-funded preschool and after-school programs. Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Studies The Bachelor of Arts Degree

  15. Building Community Systems for Young Children: Early Childhood Education. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, Number 11

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bassok, Daphna; Stipek, Deborah; Inkelas, Moira; Kuo, Alice

    2005-01-01

    This report examines the importance and funding sources of early child care and education (ECE), and the ways in which the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (SECCS) Initiative improves early childhood outcomes. Section I presents what is known about the importance of ECE, quality and access. Section II describes the current funding…

  16. Adverse Childhood Experiences and Child Health in Early Adolescence

    PubMed Central

    Flaherty, Emalee G.; Thompson, Richard; Dubowitz, Howard; Harvey, Elizabeth M; English, Diana J.; Everson, Mark D.; Proctor, Laura J.; Runyan, Desmond K.

    2013-01-01

    Objective 1) Examine the relationship between previous adverse childhood experiences and somatic complaints and health problems in early adolescence, and 2) examine the role of the timing of adverse exposures. Design Prospective analysis of the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect interview data when children were 4, 6, 8, 12 and 14 years old. Setting Children reported or at risk for maltreatment in the South, East, Midwest, Northwest, and Southwest United States LONGSCAN sites Participants 933 children. Main Exposures Eight categories of adversity (psychological maltreatment, physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, caregiver’s substance use/alcohol abuse, caregiver’s depressive symptoms, caregiver treated violently, and criminal behavior by household member) experienced during the first 6 years of life, the second six years of life, the most recent 2 years, and overall adversity Outcome Measures Child health problems including poor health, illness requiring a doctor, somatic complaints and any health problem at age 14. Results More than 90% of the youth had experienced an adverse childhood event by age 14. There was a graded relationship between adverse childhood exposures and any health problem, while 2 and ?3 adverse exposures were associated with somatic complaints. Recent adversity uniquely predicted poor health, somatic complaints and any health problem. Conclusions Childhood adversities, particularly recent adversities, already impair the health of young adolescents. Increased efforts to prevent and mitigate these experiences may improve the health of adolescents and adults. PMID:23645114

  17. Department of Special Education and Early Childhood Studies Revised 10/15/13

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Department of Special Education and Early Childhood Studies Revised 10/15/13 Program Development Master of Arts, Early Childhood Studies in Early Childhood Studies Course Number and Title Credit Hours Semester Offered

  18. 76 FR 50201 - National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center; Final Extension of Project Period and Waiver

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-12

    ...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION [CFDA No...National Early Childhood Technical Assistance...Department of Education. ACTION...the National Early Childhood Technical Assistance...approach to early childhood special education technical...

  19. Department of Special Education and Early Childhood Studies Revised 10/15/13

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Department of Special Education and Early Childhood Studies Revised 10/15/13 Program Development Master of Education, Early Childhood Studies of Education in Early Childhood Studies Course Number and Title Credit Hours Semester

  20. Transfer Guide for Major AAS in Early Childhood Education at Clackamas Community College

    E-print Network

    Caughman, John

    Table A Transfer Guide for Major AAS in Early Childhood Education at Clackamas Community College #12;Early Childhood Education Specialization: Required for CFS major: Completed in AAS* Left Transfer Guide - AAS Early Childhood Education Edit: 12-08-09 #12;

  1. The Early Childhood Roots of Violence and Non-Violence: What We Can Do.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcus, Robert F.

    1999-01-01

    Reviews research concerning the origins of violent behavior in the early childhood years. Discusses the importance of early childhood intervention, and offers recommendations for the coordination of intervention efforts by behavior specialists and early childhood educators. (Author/EV)

  2. Quick and Easy Adaptations and Accommodations for Early Childhood Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breitfelder, Leisa M.

    2008-01-01

    Research-based information is used to support the idea of the use of adaptations and accommodations for early childhood students who have varying disabilities. Multiple adaptations and accommodations are outlined. A step-by-step plan is provided on how to make specific adaptations and accommodations to fit the specific needs of early childhood

  3. Key Concepts in Early Childhood Education and Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nutbrown, Cathy

    2005-01-01

    This book aims to provide a series of starting points which will help readers to understand more about many key topics in early childhood education and care. In the rapidly changing field of early childhood education and care, it is becoming increasingly important for students and practitioners to have an awareness of the many topics that relate…

  4. Building an Early Childhood Professional Development System. Issue Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    NGA Center for Best Practices, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The knowledge, skills, and practices of early childhood care providers and teachers are critical factors in their delivery of high-quality developmental and educational experiences to young children. However, studies have found that the majority of professionals that make up the current early childhood workforce are not adequately prepared. Recent…

  5. Writing Research Articles for Publication in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saracho, Olivia N.

    2013-01-01

    Published research results in early childhood education contribute to the field's knowledge, theory, and practice. They also guide future early childhood education research studies. The publication of research articles is an essential requirement for academics. For some researchers, however, writing may be a difficult activity, particularly the…

  6. Early Childhood Education in Eritrea, Proceeding as We Would Finish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andreoni, Helen

    1997-01-01

    Describes the success of early childhood education programs in Eritrea which are based on the principle "we should proceed in the way we wish to finish." Identifies the social, cultural, and developmental factors an educator must consider. Notes how multilingualism and multiculturalism are of special importance in Eritrean early childhood

  7. Early Childhood Teachers' Attitudes toward Gender Roles and toward Discipline

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erden, Feyza

    2004-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate early childhood teachers' attitudes toward gender roles and toward discipline. The findings demonstrated that early childhood teachers had a tendency to hold egalitarian attitudes toward gender roles and discipline. In other words, these attitudes were found to be highly correlated. (Contains 4…

  8. Family Strategies to Support and Develop Resilience in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taket, A. R.; Nolan, A.; Stagnitti, K.

    2014-01-01

    Early childhood is an important time for the development of resilience. A recently completed study has followed three cohorts of resilient children and young people living in disadvantaged areas in Victoria, Australia, through different transitions in their educational careers. This paper focuses on the early childhood cohort, where we have…

  9. Early Childhood Teacher Institutions Listed. NCEDL Spotlights, No. 22.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Early Development & Learning, Chapel Hill, NC.

    This issue of the NCEDL Spotlights series announces the availability of a national directory of institutions offering programs for early childhood teachers, "The National Directory of Early Childhood Teacher Preparation Institutions," published by NCEDL and the Council for Professional Recognition. The directory contains listings for nearly 1,400…

  10. Rural Ojibwe Mothers' Experiences with Early Childhood Special Education Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aakhus, Belle P.; Hoover, John H.

    Two rural Ojibwe mothers whose young children received early childhood at-risk services were interviewed about their life circumstances and experiences with service delivery. Major interview themes that emerged included positive experiences and successes with early childhood special education services, and rural and cultural obstacles to the…

  11. Early Childhood and Pre-School Education in Denmark.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engberg, Agnete

    This booklet examines present and future trends in early childhood and preschool education in Denmark. Section one, "Principles and Trends: Joint Responsibility," examines the demographics of Danish families, the government's role in early childhood education and day care, and recent political initiatives. Section two, "The Present Situation with…

  12. Accompanying Early Childhood Professional Reflection in Quebec: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehrer, Joanne S.

    2013-01-01

    This article explores the views of professionals from the Centre for Assistance and Support to Initiatives, Organisations, and Professionals in Early Childhood (CASIOPE) and its member organizations on how reflective practice in early childhood professional learning is understood, put into practice, and evaluated. Findings from this case study…

  13. A Nordic Perspective on Early Childhood Education and Care Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karila, Kirsti

    2012-01-01

    The national policies and historical roots of early childhood education (ECE) vary from society to society. In the Nordic countries, early childhood education and care (ECEC) policies have been built in the context of the welfare state. As such, they are closely connected to other welfare policy areas such as social policy, family policy and…

  14. Effects of Critical Thinking Intervention for Early Childhood Teacher Candidates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Han, Heejeong Sophia; Brown, E. Todd

    2013-01-01

    This study is based on an intervention designed to enhance early childhood teacher candidates' critical thinking abilities. The concept, elements, standards, and traits of critical thinking were integrated into the main course contents, and the effects of the intervention were examined. The results indicated that early childhood teacher…

  15. Researching Early Childhood Policy and Practice. A Critical Ecology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Urban, Mathias

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the renewed interest in early childhood education and care in European politics, and the implications for research in changing policy contexts. Based on the policy analysis, it argues for a radical reconceptualisation of how, with and for whom, and to what end we design, conduct and interpret research in early childhood in…

  16. Today and Yesterday in Early Childhood Education in Korea.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Guang-Lea

    Early childhood education has always been considered important in Korea, with the education of the child valued highly, regardless of the parent's educational background or socioeconomic status. The main social facility for early childhood education outside home in Korea is called "Yoo Chee Won," which means kindergarten. This paper describes the…

  17. Early Childhood Special Education in the Year 2000

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Samuel L. Odom; Steven F. Warren

    1988-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine factors that may influence the direction of Early Childhood Special Education by the year 2000. The authors Identified factors that are internal to early childhood special education and special education in general, as well as factors external to the field. On the basis of their analysis, they offer predictions about least restrictive

  18. Teacher Training for Early Childhood Development and Education in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mbugua, Tata

    2009-01-01

    The training of early childhood development and education (ECDE) teachers in Kenya remains a priority in recognition of the vital role well-trained professionals play in the quality of early childhood experiences for children ages 0+ to 5+. This article provides a detailed overview of the current structure and training of ECDE professionals,…

  19. Teacher Training for Early Childhood Development and Education in Kenya

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tata Mbugua

    2009-01-01

    The training of early childhood development and education (ECDE) teachers in Kenya remains a priority in recognition of the vital role well-trained professionals play in the quality of early childhood experiences for children ages 0+ to 5+. This article provides a detailed overview of the current structure and training of ECDE professionals, including pedagogical strategies and curricular guidelines. Specific attention

  20. Learning with Technology for Pre-Service Early Childhood Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Anne; Scotellaro, Grazia

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes an innovative pilot project at the University of Canberra aimed at providing pre-service early childhood teachers with the skills, confidence and ideological change required to include technology-enhanced learning as part of the early childhood curriculum. The impact of the project was evaluated through participant…

  1. Early Childhood Teacher Education in Ethiopia: Progress and Emerging Challenges

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James Hoot; Judit Szente; Selamawit Tadesse

    2006-01-01

    This article extends concerns of our National Association of Early Childhood Teacher Educators (NAECTE) membership beyond the borders of the United States to the continent of Africa. Specifically, it explores the current status of early childhood teacher education in one of the poorest nations of the world—Ethiopia. It includes an analysis of recent policy developments as well as continuing challenges

  2. Investing in Michigan's Future: Meeting the Early Childhood Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schweinhart, Lawrence J.; Fulcher-Dawson, Rachel

    2006-01-01

    This report presents results from research into the effects of early childhood programs on their participants, particularly low-income and at-risk children. The studies described offer evidence on the long-term effects of high quality early childhood programs. Such programs can have long-lasting positive effects on children and their families,…

  3. Parallel Goals of the Early Childhood Music Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Veronica Wolf

    Early childhood music programs should be based on two interacting goals: (1) to teach those skills most appropriate to a particular level and (2) to nurture musical creativity and self-expression. Early childhood is seen as the optimum time for acquiring certain musical skills, of which the ability to sing in tune is considered primary. The vocal…

  4. First Steps: Stories on Inclusion in Early Childhood Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    This publication presents papers from 13 nations that describe the integration of children with disabilities into early childhood education programs. The compilation of case studies will serve as a reference document for the International Consultation on Early Childhood Education and Special Educational Needs, organized by UNESCO in collaboration…

  5. Classroom Effects of an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development Partnership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Algozzine, Bob; Babb, Julie; Algozzine, Kate; Mraz, Maryann; Kissel, Brian; Spano, Sedra; Foxworth, Kimberly

    2011-01-01

    We evaluated an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development (ECEPD) project that provided high-quality, sustained, and intensive professional development designed to support developmentally appropriate instruction for preschool-age children based on the best available research on early childhood pedagogy, child development, and preschool…

  6. The Museum and Me: An Early Childhood Art Education Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaefer, Claire; Cole, Elizabeth

    This paper describes The Toledo Museum of Art Early Childhood Program, a program that promotes knowledge and appreciation of art by young children and their families. The program supports the interactionist philosophy of early childhood education, which focuses on developmentally appropriate instruction. In interactionism, the major emphasis is on…

  7. Building Classroom Community: The Early Childhood Teacher's Role.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, Jeannette G.

    Based on the view that fostering positive values and a sense of community in children is the heart of the early childhood teacher's role, this booklet offers suggestions for instilling respect, responsibility, and compassion in young children in early childhood settings. The booklet presents a philosophy and a set of practices by which preschool…

  8. Childcare as Healthcare: Parents’ Perceptions of Enriched Early Childhood Experiences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Regina DeLottinville

    2012-01-01

    Regina is a Registered Nurse and a recent graduate from the Bachelor of Science in Nursing Program. Her research project largely concerned social determinants of health, and more specifically, early childhood development. She has spent the past year exploring local parents’ perceptions and opinions about the importance of enriched early childhood experiences. The focus of this research was to describe

  9. Workforce Development in Early Childhood Education and Care. Research Overview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bretherton, Tanya

    2010-01-01

    The early childhood education and care industry in Australia is undergoing a shift in philosophy. Changes in policy are driving the industry towards a combined early childhood education and care focus, away from one on child care only. This move has implications for the skilling of the child care workforce. This research overview describes the…

  10. Making the Case for Early Childhood Investments: Three Arguments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neugebauer, Roger

    2011-01-01

    Tamar Manuelyan Atinc, vice president of The World Bank, introduces a World Bank report, "Investing in Young Children: An Early Childhood Development Guide for Policy Dialogue and Project Preparation". This report, which is a must for inclusion in every advocate's make the case for investing in early childhood services. It defines three arguments…

  11. Developmental Assessment of Competence from Early Childhood to Middle Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obradovic, Jelena; van Dulmen, Manfred H. M.; Yates, Tuppett M.; Carlson, Eilzabeth A.; Egeland, Byron

    2006-01-01

    This study represents a developmentally informed, empirically validated examination of competence across multiple domains (Social, Cognitive, Emotional well-being), gender and age (early childhood, middle childhood, early adolescence, middle adolescence). Competence indicators were created and the structure of these domains was tested using…

  12. Surprising Destinations: A Guide to Essential Learning in Early Childhood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glover, Mary Kenner; Giacalone, Beth

    Based on the experience of two early childhood teachers in a research-based collaborative effort to join a preschool class with a first-second grade class for various learning projects, this book offers a model for an approach to early childhood curriculum. The curriculum integrates art, science, gardening, celebrations, intergenerational program…

  13. Directory of Selected Early Childhood Programs, 1988-1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Decker, Marcia J., Ed.

    This directory lists selected early childhood projects sponsored by the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS). An introduction provides an overview of OSERS' early childhood programs, their purposes and activities, and a brief discussion of the implications of Public Law 99-457. The "Directory of Projects" provides a…

  14. Setting the Stage for Lifetime Physical Activity in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Holly; Lounsbery, Monica

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide a rationale and suggestions for emphasizing health-related physical education in preschool settings. In order to accomplish this, it will examine what is currently known about early childhood physical activity, as well as the existing professional preparation and accreditation standards for early childhood

  15. Shared-Reading Volume in Early Childhood Special Education Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dynia, Jaclyn M.; Justice, Laura M.

    2015-01-01

    This study describes book reading practices occurring in early childhood special education (ECSE) classrooms in comparison to early childhood education (ECE) classrooms. Reading logs submitted by 19 ECSE teachers and 13 ECE teachers over one academic year included all books read in whole class settings; these logs were analyzed to assess the…

  16. Regional Forums on Early Childhood Development in Texas. Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas State Dept. of Community Affairs, Austin. Office of Early Childhood Development.

    This report is a compilation of several regional forums held in Texas (Longview, McAllen, El Paso, Dallas, Lubbock, Houston, and Austin) by the Office of Early Childhood Development (OECD) concerning the needs and problems of young children. The report is divided into five sections: an introduction to the early childhood development planning…

  17. When Fewer Is More: Small Groups in Early Childhood Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasik, Barbara

    2008-01-01

    Small group instruction is important yet it is one of the most underused strategies in early childhood classrooms. This paper presents guidelines based on research-based best practices for using small groups in early childhood. In addition, the benefits of small group instruction for both children and teachers are described. Specific suggestions…

  18. Australian Early Childhood Educators: From Government Policy to University Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Sharon; Trinidad, Sue

    2013-01-01

    This article provides an overview of the Australian Federal Government initiatives in the area of early childhood with regard to the provision of early childhood education and care. These changes have influenced a Western Australian university to develop an innovative birth to 8 years preservice educator education curriculum. Using an ecological…

  19. Renovating Early Childhood Education Pedagogy: A Case Study in Vietnam

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thao, Dang Phuong; Boyd, Wendy Anne

    2014-01-01

    Since 2003, the Vietnamese government has prioritised curriculum reform efforts and commitment to improving the quality of the national curriculum. The Vietnamese early childhood education renovation has encountered considerable changes and challenges, particularly in the area of pedagogical approaches. Many early childhood teachers continue to…

  20. Preparing Early Childhood Special Educators for Inclusive Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hooper, Belinda Bourne

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe experienced practitioners' beliefs about inclusion and their perceptions of what early childhood special education (ECSE) preservice teachers need to know and be able to do to effectively support early childhood inclusion. This study used a sequential explanatory mixed methods approach to describe the…

  1. Stress in Early Childhood: Helping Children and Their Carers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Patrice

    2006-01-01

    This book offers practical and effective strategies for stress management for both early childhood staff and the children in their care. Here, the author uncovers valuable insights into the causes of stress and outlines a range of activities to counteract it. Early childhood practitioners know that theirs is both a stressful and rewarding…

  2. Early Childhood Teacher Education in Pakistan: Time for Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zada, Khan

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a critical account of early childhood education (ECE) in Pakistan. It moves from a general review of the benefits of ECE to focus on the issues and challenges connected to the professional development of early childhood teachers. It highlights problems encountered in developing practitioners who are highly skilled in the…

  3. Taiwanese Model of Teacher Preparation for Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Hua-Kuo

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is intended to present the current model of teacher preparation for early childhood education in Taiwan. Documentary analysis was employed in the study to collect and analyze the obtained data. The main features of teacher preparation policies for early childhood education in Taiwan could be summarized as: (1) The…

  4. Quality matters: early childhood education policy in Hong Kong

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nirmala Rao; Hui Li

    2009-01-01

    This paper critically analyses how the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region has tackled the issue of preschool quality over the past 30 years. Although early childhood education is not part of the publicly funded education system, there is almost universal preschool attendance among three to six year olds. The government regulates, monitors and evaluates early childhood services,

  5. Early Childhood Education: History, Theory, and Practice. Second Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Harry

    2010-01-01

    Harry Morgan lays the foundations of what early childhood education is by integrating the history of the field with the philosophy and theories behind this discipline. From birth to age eight, when children become integrated into society through their education at school and at home, "Early Childhood Education" examines the education of this age…

  6. Retention of Staff in the Early Childhood Education Workforce

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holochwost, Steven J.; DeMott, Kerri; Buell, Martha; Yannetta, Kelly; Amsden, Deborah

    2009-01-01

    What incentives can the administrators of early childhood education facilities offer their staff in order to retain them? In light of research identifying low staff turnover as a key component of high quality early childhood education, the answer to this question has ramifications beyond human-resources management. This paper presents the results…

  7. Negotiating Otherness : A male early childhood educator's gender positioning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer Sumsion

    2000-01-01

    Despite increasing male participation in recent years in many traditional “female” professions, early childhood education continues to be widely regarded as women's work. Male early childhood educators, therefore, are highly conspicuous and subject to considerable suspicion (Murray, S.B. (1996) 'We all love Charles': men in child care and the social construction of gender. Gender & Educational Studies, 45, pp. 276-292;

  8. Quality and Equity in Early Childhood Care in Peru

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Izu, Regina Moromizato

    2006-01-01

    The present study examines educational policy documents and programs on early childhood development and education in Peru. The author provides an evaluation of early childhood learning programs and their outcomes in different education centers in Peru. Health, nutrition, development, and participation are identified as key areas of concern. The…

  9. Parental Conceptions of Quality in Greek Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grammatikopoulos, Vasilis; Gregoriadis, Athanasios; Tsigilis, Nikolaos; Zachopoulou, Evridiki

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the current study was to examine the assessments of parents of the quality of early childhood education (ECE) in Greece. Five hundred and fifty three preschoolers' parents participated in this study providing quality and importance ratings based on the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale Parent Questionnaire (ECERSPQ) for the…

  10. Response to Intervention: Implications for Early Childhood Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Sarah; Pretti-Frontczak, Kristie; Harjusola-Webb, Sanna; Grisham-Brown, Jennifer; Romani, Jeanne M.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss the importance of building strong early childhood communities of interdisciplinary practice in the application of a comprehensive curriculum framework. A curriculum framework is proposed as a means of applying and extending the principles of response to intervention (RtI) to early childhood

  11. Unsettling Representational Practices: Inhabiting Relational Becomings in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nxumalo, Fikile

    2012-01-01

    This article seeks to unsettle representational practices enacted through dominant multicultural pedagogical approaches in the early childhood classroom. Drawing from a research study in early childhood centers that investigated practitioners' and children's negotiations of racial difference, I explore how multicultural pedagogical approaches in…

  12. Competence Requirements in Early Childhood Education and Care. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Urban, Mathias; Vandenbroeck, Michel; Lazzari, Arianna; Van Laere, Katrien; Peeters, Jan

    2012-01-01

    This report presents the findings of a European research project jointly conducted by the University of East London (UEL) and the University of Ghent (UGent). The "study on competence requirements in early childhood education and care" (CoRe) explored conceptualisations of "competence" and professionalism in early childhood practice, and…

  13. Motivation, Work Satisfaction, and Teacher Change among Early Childhood Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagner, Brigid Daly; French, Lucia

    2010-01-01

    This study tests the explanatory power of Deci and Ryan's (1985) self-determination theory as a framework for describing how interactions between early childhood teachers and the systems within which their work is embedded influence motivation for professional growth and change in teaching practice. Fifty-four early childhood teachers and teacher…

  14. Current Topics in Early Childhood Education. Volume I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Lilian G., Ed.; And Others

    This volume is a collection of informative integrative reviews of primary research and development reports relevant to workers and students in early childhood education. The articles are: (1) "Psychological Perspectives and Early Childhood Education: Some Relations between Theory and Practice"; (2) "Children's Friendships in School Settings"; (3)…

  15. Early Childhood Teacher Education in Ethiopia: Progress and Emerging Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoot, James; Szente, Judit; Tadesse, Selamawit

    2006-01-01

    This article extends concerns of our National Association of Early Childhood Teacher Educators (NAECTE) membership beyond the borders of the United States to the continent of Africa. Specifically, it explores the current status of early childhood teacher education in one of the poorest nations of the world--Ethiopia. It includes an analysis of…

  16. Classroom Effects of an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development Partnership

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bob Algozzine; Julie Babb; Kate Algozzine; Maryann Mraz; Brian Kissel; Sedra Spano; Kimberly Foxworth

    2011-01-01

    We evaluated an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development (ECEPD) project that provided high-quality, sustained, and intensive professional development designed to support developmentally appropriate instruction for preschool-age children based on the best available research on early childhood pedagogy, child development, and preschool learning. Participating teachers in ECEPD classrooms received extensive, intensive, and continuous professional development and coaching on critical features of

  17. Ottawa Should Help Build a National Early Childhood Development System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Battle, Ken; Torjman, Sherri

    This commentary focuses on the role of the Canadian federal government in early childhood development policy. The commentary begins by exploring the twin pillars of Canada's family policy, income support and services, then asserts that policy must move beyond these traditional provisions to offer early childhood development initiatives that will…

  18. Early Childhood Music Education in Taiwan: An Ecological Systems Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leu, Jennifer Chau-Ying

    2008-01-01

    The author examines early childhood music education in Taiwan through Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory. Factors in the microsystem level that influenced the musical development of children included adult perception of children, child-adult interactions, Taiwanese family structure, and the existing early childhood education system. The…

  19. Early childhood risk and resilience factors for behavioural and emotional problems in middle childhood

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Mental disorders in childhood have a considerable health and societal impact but the associated negative consequences may be ameliorated through early identification of risk and protective factors that can guide health promoting and preventive interventions. The objective of this study was to inform health policy and practice through identification of demographic, familial and environmental factors associated with emotional or behavioural problems in middle childhood, and the predictors of resilience in the presence of identified risk factors. Methods A cohort of 706 mothers followed from early pregnancy was surveyed at six to eight years post-partum by a mail-out questionnaire, which included questions on demographics, children’s health, development, activities, media and technology, family, friends, community, school life, and mother’s health. Results Although most children do well in middle childhood, of 450 respondents (64% response rate), 29.5% and 25.6% of children were found to have internalising and externalising behaviour problem scores in the lowest quintile on the NSCLY Child Behaviour Scales. Independent predictors for problem behaviours identified through multivariable logistic regression modelling included being male, demographic risk, maternal mental health risk, poor parenting interactions, and low parenting morale. Among children at high risk for behaviour problems, protective factors included high maternal and child self-esteem, good maternal emotional health, adequate social support, good academic performance, and adequate quality parenting time. Conclusions These findings demonstrate that several individual and social resilience factors can counter the influence of early adversities on the likelihood of developing problem behaviours in middle childhood, thus informing enhanced public health interventions for this understudied life course phase. PMID:24986740

  20. 76 FR 32967 - Proposed Extensions and Waivers: National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-07

    ...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION [CFDA No. 84...Waivers: National Early Childhood Technical Assistance...Office of Special Education Programs, Office...coordinated approach to early childhood special education technical...

  1. Connecting Emergent Curriculum and Standards in the Early Childhood Classroom: Strengthening Content and Teaching Practice. Early Childhood Education Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Sydney L.; Copeland, Sherry M.

    2010-01-01

    The most pressing challenge in early childhood education today is to find a way to meet the standards within a developmentally appropriate approach. In this book, two active early childhood educators provide teachers with resources to bring content alive and document it in every-day, action-based pre-K and Kindergarten classrooms. The book…

  2. Early Childhood Programs and National Service: A Resource Guide for Community-Based Early Childhood Planning. Preliminary Version.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Ray; And Others

    This preliminary guide is designed to help AmeriCorps and other national service programs plan and deliver effective early childhood services. The guide can also be used in community-based planning to incorporate national service organizations in early childhood program initiatives. Following an overview of the roles that AmeriCorps and other…

  3. Tennessee's Statewide Early Childhood Training System (TECTA): Improving the Quality of Early Childhood Services through Coordinated Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mietlicki, Connie

    2010-01-01

    A critical issue facing the nation today stems from the fact that many classroom teachers in Early Childhood Education lack adequate training. This deficit in the professional education of teachers impacts outcomes for children every day. This article discusses the establishment of a training system that has impacted Early Childhood education in…

  4. Frequency of Six Early Childhood Education Approaches: A 10-Year Content Analysis of Early Childhood Education Journal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Bridget A.; Petty, Karen

    2007-01-01

    The frequency of early childhood education approaches spanning 10 years of publications was investigated. A content analysis of publications (N = 492) from "Early Childhood Education Journal" was conducted. From a previous content analysis six approaches or search words were identified: Bank Street, Head Start, High/Scope, Montessori, Reggio…

  5. Kaupapa Kaimahi, Nga Kaitaunaki Kohungahunga = Corporate Plan, Early Childhood Development Unit, 1 July 1992 to 30 June 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Early Childhood Development Unit, Wellington (New Zealand).

    This report outlines the 1992-93 objectives for the Early Childhood Development Unit (ECDU), an organization that promotes high quality early childhood education, and parent and family involvement in education, in New Zealand. The report includes: (1) a statement of purpose; (2) guiding principles; (3) a statement concerning the responsibilities…

  6. Trajectories of autism severity in early childhood.

    PubMed

    Venker, Courtney E; Ray-Subramanian, Corey E; Bolt, Daniel M; Ellis Weismer, Susan

    2014-03-01

    Relatively little is known about trajectories of autism severity using calibrated severity scores (CSS) from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, but characterizing these trajectories has important theoretical and clinical implications. This study examined CSS trajectories during early childhood. Participants were 129 children with autism spectrum disorder evaluated annually from ages 2½ to 5½. The four severity trajectory classes that emerged--Persistent High (n = 47), Persistent Moderate (n = 54), Worsening (n = 10), and Improving (n = 18)-were strikingly similar to those identified by Gotham et al. (Pediatrics 130(5):e1278-e1284, 2012). Children in the Persistent High trajectory class had the most severe functional skill deficits in baseline nonverbal cognition and daily living skills and in receptive and expressive language growth. PMID:23907710

  7. Trajectories of Autism Severity in Early Childhood

    PubMed Central

    Venker, Courtney E.; Ray-Subramanian, Corey E.; Bolt, Daniel M.; Weismer, Susan Ellis

    2013-01-01

    Relatively little is known about trajectories of autism severity using calibrated severity scores (CSS) from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, but characterizing these trajectories has important theoretical and clinical implications. This study examined CSS trajectories during early childhood. Participants were 129 children with autism spectrum disorder evaluated annually from ages 2½ to 5½. The four severity trajectory classes that emerged—Persistent High (n = 47), Persistent Moderate (n = 54), Worsening (n = 10), and Improving (n = 18)—were strikingly similar to those identified by Gotham, Pickles, & Lord (2012). Children in the Persistent High trajectory class had the most severe functional skill deficits in baseline nonverbal cognition and daily living skills and in receptive and expressive language growth. PMID:23907710

  8. Depression and Anxiety Symptoms: Onset, Developmental Course and Risk Factors during Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cote, Sylvana M.; Boivin, Michel; Liu, Xuecheng; Nagin, Daniel S.; Zoccolillo, Mark; Tremblay, Richard E.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Depressive and anxiety disorders are among the top ten leading causes of disabilities. We know little, however, about the onset, developmental course and early risk factors for depressive and anxiety symptoms (DAS). Objective: Model the developmental trajectories of DAS during early childhood and to identify risk factors for atypically…

  9. Effects of Early Childhood Supplementation on the Educational Achievement of Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Haojie Li; Huiman X. Barnhart; Aryeh D. Stein; Reynaldo Martorell

    2010-01-01

    Objective. Malnutrition during early childhood has been suggested to cause functional disad- vantages in adults, including reduced intelligence and lower educational achievement (EA). We assessed the effects of improved nutrition in early life on the EA of women in 4 rural Guatemalan villages. Methods. The study sample comprised 130 female singletons exposed to either Atole (53%, 91 kcal and 6.4

  10. Electrophysiological Investigation of Source Memory in Early Childhood

    PubMed Central

    Riggins, Tracy; Rollins, Leslie; Graham, Meghan

    2014-01-01

    Recollection is well-characterized in adults and school-aged children, yet little is known about how this ability develops in early childhood. This study utilized a behavioral source memory paradigm and event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine recollection in early childhood. ERPs were compared between items whose context was remembered and forgotten as well as new items. Activity late in the electrophysiological response showed a “recollection” effect, which differentiated items with correct source judgments from all others. This study is unique in that it is the first to provide information regarding the spatiotemporal dynamics of the neural networks underlying recollection during early childhood. PMID:23573796

  11. A twin study of objectively assessed personality in childhood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Plomin; Terryl T. Foch

    1980-01-01

    Obtained objectively assessed measures of activity, fidgeting, vigilance, selective attention, and aggression for a sample of 87 twin pairs in late childhood (mean age 7.6 yrs). Data included videotaped observations in standardized situations, objective test scores, and mechanical measures. Test–retest reliability was obtained for all measures. Contrary to results of questionnaire studies, there was little evidence for genetic influence on

  12. Early Childhood Psychosis: Infantile Autism, Childhood Schizophrenia and Related Disorders. An Annotated Bibliography 1964 to 1969.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryson, Carolyn Q.; Hingtgen, Joseph N.

    The annotated bibliography on early childhood psychosis (infantile autism, childhood schizophrenia, and related disorders) contains 424 entries (books, journal articles, conference and research reports) dating from 1964 through the first 6 months of 1970, which pertain to theory, research, and treatment. Number of entries for each subject is noted…

  13. Bilingual Early Childhood Program, San Antonio, Texas; Childhood Education. Model Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.

    This booklet, 1 of 34 in a series on childhood education prepared by the American Institutes for Research for the 1970 White House Conference on Children, describes the Bilingual Early Childhood Program being carried out in the Edgewood Independent School District in San Antonio, Texas, where more than half of the population of 670,000 is of…

  14. Are Minority Children Disproportionately Represented in Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Maczuga, Steve

    2012-01-01

    We investigated whether and to what extent children who are racial-ethnic minorities are disproportionately represented in early intervention and/or early childhood special education (EI/ECSE). We did so by analyzing a large sample of 48-month-olds (N = 7,950) participating in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), a…

  15. Don’t Children Grow Out of Their Obesity? Weight Transitions in Early Childhood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joyce M. Lee; Sungwoo Lim; Jamie Zoellner; Brian A. Burt; Anita M. Sandretto; Woosung Sohn; Amid I. Ismail

    2010-01-01

    Background. Expert opinion and cross-sectional analyses posit that obese young children will likely “outgrow” their obesity. However, given the nature of the US childhood obesity epidemic, this assertion may no longer hold true. Objective. To compare the weight transitions between early childhood (3-5 years) and midchildhood (7-10 years) in 2 different longitudinal cohorts: black preschool children from the inner city

  16. Low Dairy Intake in Early Childhood Predicts Excess Body Fat Gain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lynn L. Moore; M. Loring Bradlee; Di Gao; Martha R. Singer

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To estimate the effect of dairy intake in early childhood on the acquisition of body fat throughout childhood.Research Methods and Procedures: Ninety-nine of the original 106 families enrolled in the Framingham Children’s Study with a child age to 6 years at baseline were followed into adolescence through yearly clinic visits and periodic data collection throughout each year. Dairy intake

  17. eArly childhood educAtion College of Rural and Community Development

    E-print Network

    Hartman, Chris

    eArly childhood educAtion College of Rural and Community Development Bristol Bay Campus 907 programs, early childhood education programs, child wel- fare service agencies, scouting services, staff as an Early Childhood Education Associate II. The certification program in early childhood is for students

  18. Global Perspectives on Early Childhood Education. Proceedings from the Global Perspectives on Early Childhood Education Workshop (Washington, DC, April 6-7, 1999).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

    A workshop on Global Perspectives on Early Childhood Education brought together leading experts on preschool education and early learning in other countries. The workshop was intended to stimulate the exchange of ideas on early childhood education by providing an opportunity for early childhood educators, researchers, and policy experts from…

  19. Pneumonia in Early Childhood Tied to Higher Odds of Asthma

    MedlinePLUS

    ... in Early Childhood Tied to Higher Odds of Asthma Lung problems before age 3 may have enduring ... 2015) Friday, March 6, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Pages Asthma in Children Lung Diseases Pneumonia FRIDAY, March 6, ...

  20. Factors influencing digital technology use in early childhood education

    E-print Network

    Shahriar, Selim

    mediator of technology's impact on student learning (Neiderhauser & Stoddart, 2001), but there is a lackFactors influencing digital technology use in early childhood education Courtney K. Blackwell*, Alexis R. Lauricella, Ellen Wartella Northwestern University, Department of Communication Studies, School

  1. Postgraduate Degrees for Early Childhood Professionals. Buying Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Susan

    1992-01-01

    Reviews nine masters and doctoral degree programs in early childhood education and related fields. Names of contact persons, a description of program format, and a school statement are given for each program. (LB)

  2. Fathers' integration in Quebec's perinatal and early childhood public policies.

    PubMed

    St-Arneault, Kate; De Montigny, Francine; Villeneuve, Raymond

    2014-01-01

    Mothers' physical and mental health, as well as their socio-economic status, are currently acknowledged as determining factors in the health and development of young children in Quebec. It is thus not surprising to find that the majority of government perinatal and early childhood initiatives are directed toward mothers. Yet, fathers today are increasingly involved in the care and education of their children, and scientific studies have shown that their involvement is just as crucial as that of mothers. It is recognized that a father's involvement optimizes the physical, cognitive, affective and social development of his children. The purpose of this text is to examine how fathers are taken into account in two public perinatal and early childhood policies. It has been found that fathers are virtually absent from Quebec government's objectives and orientations, and when they do appear, no concrete means are offered to reach them. Considering that health care workers have difficulty offering truly inclusive services to fathers, recommendations with regard to inclusion of fathers in public policies are necessary in order to optimize the health of children and their families. PMID:24735694

  3. Prenatal and Early Childhood Exposure to Tetrachloroethylene and Adult Vision

    PubMed Central

    Getz, Kelly D.; Janulewicz, Patricia A.; Rowe, Susannah; Weinberg, Janice M.; Winter, Michael R.; Martin, Brett R.; Vieira, Veronica M.; White, Roberta F.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Tetrachloroethylene (PCE; or perchloroethylene) has been implicated in visual impairments among adults with occupational and environmental exposures as well as children born to women with occupational exposure during pregnancy. Objectives: Using a population-based retrospective cohort study, we examined the association between prenatal and early childhood exposure to PCE-contaminated drinking water on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, and deficits in adult color vision and contrast sensitivity. Methods: We estimated the amount of PCE that was delivered to the family residence from participants’ gestation through 5 years of age. We administered to this now adult study population vision tests to assess acuity, contrast sensitivity, and color discrimination. Results: Participants exposed to higher PCE levels exhibited lower contrast sensitivity at intermediate and high spatial frequencies compared with unexposed participants, although the differences were generally not statistically significant. Exposed participants also exhibited poorer color discrimination than unexposed participants. The difference in mean color confusion indices (CCI) was statistically significant for the Farnsworth test but not Lanthony’s D-15d test [Farnsworth CCI mean difference = 0.05, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.003, 0.10; Lanthony CCI mean difference = 0.07, 95% CI: –0.02, 0.15]. Conclusions: Prenatal and early childhood exposure to PCE-contaminated drinking water may be associated with long-term subclinical visual dysfunction in adulthood, particularly with respect to color discrimination. Further investigation of this association in similarly exposed populations is necessary. PMID:22784657

  4. Early childhood education and care regulation: a comparative perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William T. Gormley

    2000-01-01

    Although all industrialized countries regulate early childhood education and care establishaments, regulatory regimes differ substantially. Early childhood education and care regulation is provider-focused in France and Germany, child-focused in Sweden, and facility-focused in the United States. Regulatory enforcement also varies sharply, with France, Germany, and Sweden stressing technical assistance, while the United States stresses compliance. A review of controversies reveals

  5. The Emotionally Intelligent Early Childhood Educator: Self-Reflective Journaling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janet Pickard Kremenitzer

    2005-01-01

    A current interest in education is the growing awareness that the development of social and emotional skills in children is\\u000a critical for the foundation of academic knowledge in the classroom. The early childhood educator is in a position to be a\\u000a powerful nurturer of the social emotional development in young children. It is important, therefore, to challenge early childhood\\u000a teachers,

  6. Hypoplasia-associated Severe Early Childhood Caries – A Proposed Definition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. W. Caufield; Y. Li; T. G. Bromage

    2012-01-01

    We propose a new classification of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC): hypoplasia-associated severe early childhood caries (HAS-ECC). This form of caries affects mostly young children living at or below poverty, characterized by structurally damaged primary teeth that are particularly vulnerable to dental caries. These predisposing developmental dental defects are mainly permutations of enamel hypoplasia (EHP). Anthropologists and dental researchers consider

  7. The European roots of early childhood education in North America

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary Woodill

    1986-01-01

    Summary  Early childhood education in North America is currently in a state of flux. While Piagetian approaches to early childhood\\u000a education curricula seem to predominate in North America today, some of the influences of the other paradigms discussed below\\u000a are still in evidence. The idea of nurturing children as well as educating them has endured, even with the new cognitive focus.

  8. A Twin Study of Objectively Assessed Personality in Childhood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plomin, Robert; Foch, Terryl T.

    1980-01-01

    Obtained objective measures of activity, fidgeting, vigilance, selective attention, and aggression for a sample of 87 twin pairs in late childhood. Little evidence for genetic influence on behavior was found. Between-family environmental sources of variance were far more important than within-family factors. (Author/RH)

  9. In-Service and Pre-Service Early Childhood Teachers' Views and Intentions about ICT Use in Early Childhood Settings: A Comparative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gialamas, Vasilis; Nikolopoulou, Kleopatra

    2010-01-01

    This paper regards a comparative study which investigates in-service and pre-service Greek early childhood teachers' views and intentions about integrating and using computers in early childhood settings. Views and intentions were investigated via a questionnaire administered to 240 in-service and 428 pre-service early childhood teachers.…

  10. Courses: Education: Curriculum and Teaching (EDCT), Education: Early Childhood Education(EDEC) Page 299Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog Education: Early Childhood Education (EDEC)

    E-print Network

    Ravikumar, B.

    Courses: Education: Curriculum and Teaching (EDCT), Education: Early Childhood Education(EDEC) Page 299Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog Education: Early Childhood Education (EDEC) edeC 201 and play, influential theorists, historical and contemporary models of early childhood education

  11. Remembering Childhood: Do Our Memories and Experiences Influence Our Understanding of Early Childhood and Our Practice with Young Children?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horsley, Karen; Penn, Helen

    2014-01-01

    Students on the Early Childhood Studies degree programme at the University of East London were asked to reflect on their childhood memories and how these have shaped their understandings of early childhood and practices with young children. Students' rich and varied accounts reflect the diversity of largely non-traditional students from…

  12. Synthesis of IES Research on Early Intervention and Early Childhood Education. NCSER 2013-3001

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diamond, Karen E.; Justice, Laura M.; Siegler, Robert S.; Snyder, Patricia A.

    2013-01-01

    A primary purpose of early childhood education and interventions is to promote children's acquisition of knowledge and skills linked to later social competence and academic success. In this report, special attention is given to summarizing what has been learned about early childhood classrooms as contexts for development and learning, the kinds of…

  13. Equity and Quality? Challenges for Early Childhood and Primary Education in Ethiopia, India and Peru. Working Papers in Early Childhood Development, No. 55. Studies in Early Childhood Transitions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodhead, Martin; Ames, Patricia; Vennam, Uma; Abebe, Workneh; Streuli, Natalia

    2009-01-01

    Part of the "Studies in Early Transitions" series, this Working Paper draws on interviews and observations carried out as part of "Young Lives", a 15-year longitudinal study of childhood poverty in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam based at the University of Oxford's Department of International Development. This paper focuses on the challenges of…

  14. A Bridge between Early Childhood Research and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snow, Kyle

    2011-01-01

    Teachers, center directors, principals, and policy makers constantly make decisions about early childhood education. Early educators are increasingly expected to draw connections between what they do in the classroom and what research shows. Researchers are encouraged to investigate matters critical to educators' day-to-day work with children and…

  15. Report of CCI Early Childhood Think Tank on Governance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Child Care, Inc., 2008

    2008-01-01

    Child Care, Inc. (CCI) invited a group of early childhood experts to help reflect on what CCI had learned from other states about governance and to apply that knowledge to New York City. The goal was to foster more systemic thinking about how to move toward a more coherent early care and education system in New York City that would better meet the…

  16. Periodic Early Childhood Hearing Screening: The EHDI Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Jeff; Houston, K. Todd; Munoz, Karen F.; Bradham, Tamala S.

    2011-01-01

    State coordinators of early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI) programs completed a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats, or SWOT, analysis that examined 12 areas within state EHDI programs. Concerning periodic early childhood hearing screening, 47 coordinators listed 241 items and themes were identified within each SWOT…

  17. Handwriting in Early Childhood Education: Current Research and Future Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dinehart, Laura H.

    2015-01-01

    Early fine motor writing skills are quickly becoming recognized as an important school readiness skill associated with later academic success (Dinehart and Manfra, 2013; Grissmer et al., 2010; Son and Meisels, 2006). Yet, little is known about the development of handwriting, the extent to which it is of value in the early childhood classroom and…

  18. Access to Early Childhood Development: Strategies for Enhancing Social Integration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wazir, Rekha; van Oudenhoven, Nico

    Access to early childhood education and social exclusion are issues currently of importance for policy and program development in Europe. This paper explores links between early education access and social exclusion in regard to profound and rapid changes in Europe that are forcing families to find new ways to remain integrated within their…

  19. Online Professional Development: Choices for Early Childhood Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olsen, Heather; Donaldson, Ana J.; Hudson, Susan D.

    2010-01-01

    Early childhood educators are responsible for providing young children with the best possible early care and education. Research on child care workers' education has shown that professional preparation makes a significant impact on children's cognitive and emotional development (National Association for the Education of Young Children [NAEYC],…

  20. Continuing Evolution: The Rhode Island Early Childhood Summer Institute

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horm, Diane M.; O'Keefe, Beverly; Diffendale, Charlotte; Cohen, Amy; Schennum, Ruth; Pucciarelli, Larry; Collins, Cheryl; Merrifield, Margaret; Nardone, Virginia; Martin, Marilyn; Bryan, Linda; DeRobbio, Gail

    2004-01-01

    This narrative chronicles the continued evolution and development of the Rhode Island Early Childhood Summer Institute, an intensive 5-day inservice professional development program designed for educational leaders from various sectors of the early care and education field. The goal is to review the continued use of successful practices…

  1. Understanding Early Childhood Mental Health: A Practical Guide for Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Summers, Susan Janko, Ed.; Chazan-Cohen, Rachel, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Integrating infant mental health services into early education programs leads to better child outcomes and stronger parent-child relationships--the big question is how to do it appropriately and effectively. Clear answers are in this accessible textbook, created to prepare early childhood professionals and programs to weave best practices in…

  2. Five-Star Schools: Defining Quality in Early Childhood Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hertzog, Nancy B.

    2012-01-01

    Hakeem, Emily, Jose, and Latisha are all entering preschool in the fall. Their mothers are looking for the highest quality early childhood program they can find. Is there a guide for them to find a five-star program? Are all certified or accredited programs of equal quality? How do these parents and guardians know what defines quality in early

  3. Profile of the National Association of Early Childhood Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renard, Rosamunde

    This profile describes various facets of Saint Lucia's National Association of Early Childhood Educators (NAECE), whose mission is "to stand up for the rights of children." The profile first presents the association's 5-year action plan, which includes goals for: (1) technical assistance, for example scholarships for the poor to attend early

  4. The Role of Curriculum Models in Early Childhood Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stacie G. Goffin; ERIC DIGEST

    Prior to the introduction of experimental preschool inter- vention programs in the late 1950s, systematic variation of early childhood programs was minimal. This situation changed with the advent of early intervention programs for preschool-aged children, including the launch of Head Start in 1965 and its continuation into the primary grades in 1967 via Project Follow Through. These two federal programs

  5. Democratic and Participatory Approaches: Exemplars from Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luff, Paulette; Webster, Rebecca

    2014-01-01

    The argument presented in this paper is that understanding and appreciating participatory approaches in early childhood education may serve as a basis for further development of such practices within the early years sector, and also provide examples and challenges for the leadership and management of schools and other educational institutions.…

  6. Towards a global paradigm for research into early childhood education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Woodhead

    1999-01-01

    Early years education is now a global activity, as school systems expand and diverse programmes become established in countries throughout the world. We inherit a rich legacy of theories, methodologies and evidence, from the vision of early childhood pioneers to the latest empirical research. I want to step back from particular initiatives and research evaluations to consider the underlying images

  7. Early Childhood Care and Education: A Child Perspective Paradigm

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sommer, Dion; Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid; Hundeide, Karsten

    2013-01-01

    From research we know that there is no specific early childhood education programme that is superior to other approaches (National Research Council. 2001). At the same time, historically it looks like people think there is a specific programme that will solve all problems and guarantee a high quality in early years education, since different…

  8. ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education (ERIC/EECE) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign provides ready access to a wide array of information resources in the areas of child development, the education and care of children from birth through early adolescence, the teaching of young children, and parenting and family life.

  9. Understanding Inclusive Early Childhood Education: A Capability Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Underwood, Kathryn; Valeo, Angela; Wood, Rebecca

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the application of current discourse in inclusive education, particularly the capability approach and its utility in early childhood education. The article highlights the tensions between a rights-based discourse that informs inclusive education practice and the right for children to have early intervention. Structural…

  10. Storytelling Sagas: An Effective Medium for Teaching Early Childhood Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casey, Beth; Kersh, Joanne, E.; Young, Jessica Mercer

    2004-01-01

    This article describes a unique supplementary program that teaches early childhood mathematics (Pre-K to Grade 2), through a series of six problem-solving adventure stories. The mathematics concepts are taught to the children through the medium of oral storytelling sagas in an integrated approach that addresses language arts as well as early

  11. Harmony between Turkish Early Childhood and Primary Mathematics Education Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caliskan Dedeoglu, Nuray; Alat, Zeynep

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the spiral relation and the congruency between mathematics standards listed in the Early Childhood and First Grade curricula in Turkey. A descriptive content analysis was conducted on Early Child Education Curriculum (OOEP) for 36-72 months old children and Math Curriculum for the Grades 1-5 (IMOP), both…

  12. Early Childhood Teacher Education: The Case of Geometry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clements, Douglas H.; Sarama, Julie

    2011-01-01

    For early childhood, the domain of geometry and spatial reasoning is an important area of mathematics learning. Unfortunately, geometry and spatial thinking are often ignored or minimized in early education. We build a case for the importance of geometry and spatial thinking, review research on professional development for these teachers, and…

  13. Mathematics Learning in Early Childhood: Paths toward Excellence and Equity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Christopher T., Ed.; Woods, Taniesha A., Ed.; Schweingruber, Heidi, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    Early childhood mathematics is vitally important for young children's present and future educational success. Research demonstrates that virtually all young children have the capability to learn and become competent in mathematics. Furthermore, young children enjoy their early informal experiences with mathematics. Unfortunately, many children's…

  14. Investments for Future: Early Childhood Development and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kartal, Hulya

    2007-01-01

    Investments relevant to the first years of life are directly connected to the future of societies. It can be argued that investments for early childhood development and education are one of the best ways of decreasing social inequality caused by adverse environments which hinder development in early ages and tackling poverty by reducing the rate…

  15. Planning in Middle Childhood: Early Predictors and Later Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedman, Sarah L.; Scholnick, Ellin K.; Bender, Randall H.; Vandergrift, Nathan; Spieker, Susan; Pasek, Kathy Hirsh; Keating, Daniel P.; Park, Yoonjung

    2014-01-01

    Data from 1,364 children and families who participated in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development were analyzed to track the early correlates and later academic outcomes of planning during middle childhood. Maternal education, through its effect on parenting quality when…

  16. Service quality of Early Childhood Education web portals in Finnish municipalities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koskivaara, Eija; Pihlaja, Päivi

    Increasing number of governmental organizations have transformed material on their web sites as a way of providing users with information about their products and services. In this paper, we apply Yang et al (2005) instrument for analyzing municipal early childhood education (ECE) web sites in Finland. The objective of the study was to find out the quality of ECE web portals as well as to give hints to improve their value from users' point of view. In general the five dimensions, usability, usefulness of content, adequacy of information, accessibility, and interaction, of the Yang et al model seems to be applicable also in the early childhood education environment.

  17. Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Early-Childhood-Onset Depression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luking, Katherine R.; Repovs, Grega; Belden, Andy C.; Gaffrey, Michael S.; Botteron, Kelly N.; Luby, Joan L.; Barch, Deanna M.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Adult major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with reduced cortico-limbic functional connectivity thought to indicate decreased top-down control of emotion. However, it is unclear whether such connectivity alterations are also present in early-childhood-onset MDD. Method: A total of 51 children 7 through 11 years of age who had…

  18. Experience of Sexual Abuse in Childhood and Abortion in Adolescence and Early Adulthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boden, Joseph M.; Fergusson, David M.; Horwood, L. John

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The present study examined the associations between the experience of sexual abuse in childhood (CSA) and the number of abortions in adolescence and early adulthood. Method: A 25-year prospective longitudinal study of the health, development, and adjustment of a birth cohort of 1,265 New Zealand children (630 females). Measures included…

  19. Physical Education and Academic Achievement in Elementary School: Data From the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan A. Carlson; Janet E. Fulton; Sarah M. Lee; L. Michele Maynard; David R. Brown; Harold W. Kohl III; William H. Dietz

    2008-01-01

    Objectives. We examined the association between time spent in physical education and academic achievement in a longitudinal study of students in kinder- garten through fifth grade. Methods. We used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kinder- garten Class of 1998 to 1999, which employed a multistage probability design to select a nationally representative sample of students in kindergarten (analytic

  20. Master's Programs in Israeli Colleges of Education: A New Learning Opportunity in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mevorach, Miriam; Miron, Mordechai

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this article is to highlight the importance of advanced studies for the professional staff working in the field of early childhood education (ECE). Until 2001, Israeli MA programs were controlled exclusively by Israeli universities. The article deals with the development of MEd programs in Israeli colleges of education, using the…

  1. Early Father Involvement Moderates Biobehavioral Susceptibility to Mental Health Problems in Middle Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyce, W. Thomas; Essex, Marilyn J.; Alkon, Abbey; Goldsmith, H. Hill; Kraemer, Helena C.; Kupfer, David J.

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To study how early father involvement and children's biobehavioral sensitivity to social contexts interactively predict mental health symptoms in middle childhood. Method: Fathers' involvement in infant care and maternal symptoms of depression were prospectively ascertained in a community-based study of child health and development in…

  2. The Importance of Early Childhood Poverty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duncan, Greg J.; Magnuson, Katherine; Kalil, Ariel; Ziol-Guest, Kathleen

    2012-01-01

    Most poor children achieve less, exhibit more problem behaviors and are less healthy than children reared in more affluent families. We look beyond correlations such as these to a recent set of studies that attempt to assess the causal impact of childhood poverty on adult well-being. We pay particular attention to the potentially harmful effects…

  3. Measuring Early Childhood Health and Health Disparities: A New Approach

    PubMed Central

    Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Lanza, Stephanie T.; Landale, Nancy S.; Oropesa, R. S.

    2012-01-01

    Objective Efforts to improve the health of U.S. children and reduce disparities have been hampered by lack of a rigorous way to summarize the multi-dimensional nature of children’s health. This research employed a novel statistical approach to measurement to provide an integrated, comprehensive perspective on early childhood health and disparities. Methods Nationally-representative data (n=8,800) came from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort. Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to classify health at 48 months, incorporating health conditions, functioning, and aspects of physical, cognitive, and emotional development. Health disparities by gender, poverty, race/ethnicity, and birthweight were examined. Results Over half of all children were classified as healthy using multidimensional latent class methodology; others fell into one of seven less optimal health statuses. The analyses highlighted pervasive disparities in health, with poor children at increased risk of being classified into the most disadvantaged health status consisting of chronic conditions and a cluster of developmental problems including low cognitive achievement, poor social skills, and behavior problems. Children with very low birthweight had the highest rate of being in the most disadvantaged health status (25.2%), but moderately low birthweight children were also at elevated risk (7.9% versus 3.4% among non-low birthweight children). Conclusions Latent class analysis provides a uniquely comprehensive picture of child health and health disparities that identifies clusters of problems experienced by some groups. The findings underscore the importance of continued efforts to reduce preterm birth, and to ameliorate poverty’s effects on children’s health through access to high-quality healthcare and other services. PMID:23225206

  4. Perinatal and Early Childhood Environmental Factors Influencing Allergic Asthma Immunopathogenesis

    PubMed Central

    Gaffin, Jonathan M.; Kanchongkittiphon, Watcharoot; Phipatanakul, Wanda

    2014-01-01

    Background The prevalence of asthma has increased dramatically over the past several decades. While hereditary factors are highly important, the rapid rise outstrips the pace of genomic variation. Great emphasis has been placed on potential modifiable early life exposures leading to childhood asthma. Methods We reviewed the recent medical literature for important studies discussing the role of the perinatal and early childhood exposures and the inception of childhood asthma. Results and Discussion Early life exposure to allergens (House dust mite (HDM), furred pets, cockroach, rodent and mold)air pollution (nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and particulate matter (PM)) and viral respiratory tract infections (Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human rhinovirus (hRV)) have been implicated in the development of asthma in high risk children. Conversely, exposure to microbial diversity in the perinatal period may diminish the development of atopy and asthma symptoms. PMID:24952205

  5. Connecticut's new comprehensive and universal early childhood health assessment form.

    PubMed

    Crowley, Angela A; Whitney, Grace-Ann C

    2005-10-01

    Health assessments are required for entrance into child care, Head Start, and preschool programs. However, state and federal screening and documentation mandates vary, and programs create their own forms for keeping required data on file. Inconsistent recording formats present challenges for primary care providers who must document each child's health status and for program administrators who wish to collect data across groups of children. This article describes how the passage of new legislation in Connecticut establishing a statewide prekindergarten program presented the opportunity to develop a comprehensive early childhood health form for all early childhood programs, which promotes children's access to health services and coordination of care among health care professionals, early childhood providers, and families. PMID:16179077

  6. Early menarche and childhood adversities in a nationally representative sample

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Epidemiological evidence suggests that early menarche, defined as onset of menses at age 11 or earlier, has increased in prevalence in recent birth cohorts and is associated with multiple poor medical and mental health outcomes in adulthood. There is evidence that childhood adversities occurring prior to menarche contribute to early menarche. Methods Data collected in face-to-face interviews with a nationally representative sample of women age 18 and over (N?=?3288), as part of the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication, were analyzed. Associations between pre-menarchal childhood adversities and menarche at age 11 or earlier were estimated in discrete time survival models with statistical adjustment for age at interview, ethnicity, and body mass index. Adversities investigated included physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, biological father absence from the home, other parent loss, parent mental illness, parent substance abuse, parent criminality, inter-parental violence, serious physical illness in childhood, and family economic adversity. Results Mean age at menarche varied across decadal birth cohorts (?2????=?21.41, p?Childhood adversities were also more common in younger than older cohorts. Of the 11 childhood adversities, 5 were associated with menarche at age 11 or earlier, with OR of 1.3 or greater. Each of these five adversities is associated with a 26% increase in the odds of early menarche (OR?=?1.26, 95% CI 1.14-1.39). The relationship between childhood sexual abuse and early menarche was sustained after adjustment for co-occurring adversities. (OR?=?1.77, 95% CI 1.21-2.6). Conclusions Evidence from this study is consistent with hypothesized physiological effects of early childhood family environment on endocrine development. Childhood sexual abuse is the adversity most strongly associated with early menarche. However, because of the complex way that childhood adversities cluster within families, the more generalized influence of highly dysfunctional family environments cannot be ruled out. PMID:25089128

  7. Breastfeeding knowledge and education needs of early childhood centre staff.

    PubMed

    Manhire, Kathleen Mary; Horrocks, Glenn; Tangiora, Angeline

    2012-09-01

    This survey investigated the breastfeeding knowledge, attitudes beliefs and education needs of supervisors and staff at 32 early childhood centres in New Zealand. This study explored numbers of mothers who breastfed at or supplied expressed breastmilk to the centres, and how breastfeeding education might enhance an increase in breastfeeding rates and child nutrition. Statistical analysis and open-ended questions revealed a positive attitude towards breastfeeding among staff. All centres recognised a need for breastfeeding education sessions and greater support for breastfeeding mothers. With increasing numbers of children attending early childhood centres, understanding the importance of and implementing support for mothers to continue to breastfeed is crucial. PMID:23029775

  8. 78 FR 70565 - Renewal of the Advisory Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-26

    ...Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation...on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation...program evaluation and research, education, and early childhood development. Members...

  9. An Ecological Risk Model for Early Childhood Anxiety: The Importance of Early Child Symptoms and Temperament

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mian, Nicholas D.; Wainwright, Laurel; Briggs-Gowan, Margaret J.; Carter, Alice S.

    2011-01-01

    Childhood anxiety is impairing and associated with later emotional disorders. Studying risk factors for child anxiety may allow earlier identification of at-risk children for prevention efforts. This study applied an ecological risk model to address how early childhood anxiety symptoms, child temperament, maternal anxiety and depression symptoms,…

  10. Attainments and limitations of an early childhood programme in Colombia.

    PubMed

    Carrillo, Bladimir; Iglesias, Wilman J; Trujillo, Juan C

    2014-09-17

    The Growth and Development Monitoring Programme is a longstanding early childhood social intervention in Colombia. The programme's goal is the prevention and early identification of problems affecting children's health and nutrition. To achieve this aim, the programme's basic strategy is to educate parents about the overall health care of infants. The objective of this study is to measure the impact of this programme on children's nutrition and health status and maternal child-care practices. To address potential selection bias, we employ quasi-experimental techniques. This article uses data from the Demographic Health Survey of 2010. The evidence suggests that the programme improved immunization status and the likelihood of health care for acute respiratory infection or fever. As expected, the programme has a greater impact on children from among the poorest people in the country. In the most advanced regions and for the beneficiaries of private health care, the effects of the programme have tended to be negligible. In this sense, our central policy recommendation is to optimize the programme for the poorest households in the country. PMID:25237133

  11. Maternal intestinal flora and wheeze in early childhood

    PubMed Central

    Lange, Nancy E.; Celedón, Juan C.; Forno, Erick; Ly, Ngoc P.; Onderdonk, Andrew; Bry, Lynn; Delaney, Mary L.; DuBois, Andrea M.; Gold, Diane R.; Weiss, Scott T.; Litonjua, Augusto A.

    2012-01-01

    Background Increasing evidence links altered intestinal flora in infancy to eczema and asthma. No studies have investigated the influence of maternal intestinal flora on wheezing and eczema in early childhood. Objective To investigate the link between maternal intestinal flora during pregnancy and development of wheeze and eczema in infancy. Methods Sixty pregnant women from the Boston area gave stool samples during the third trimester of their pregnancy and answered questions during pregnancy about their own health, and about their children’s health when the child was 2 and 6 months of age. Quantitative culture was performed on stool samples and measured in log10colony-forming units(CFU)/gram stool. Primary outcomes included infant wheeze and eczema in the first 6 months of life. Atopic wheeze, defined as wheeze and eczema, was analyzed as a secondary outcome. Results In multivariate models adjusted for breastfeeding, daycare attendance and maternal atopy, higher counts of maternal total aerobes (TA) and enterococci (E) were associated with increased risk of infant wheeze (TA: OR 2.32 for 1 log increase in CFU/g stool [95% CI 1.22, 4.42]; E: OR 1.57 [95% CI 1.06, 2.31]). No organisms were associated with either eczema or atopic wheeze. Conclusions & Clinical Relevance In our cohort, higher maternal total aerobes and enterococci were related to increased risk of infant wheeze. Maternal intestinal flora may be an important environmental exposure in early immune system development. PMID:22909161

  12. Brain Development & Early Childhood: An Arkansas Kids Count Special Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rule, J. Chris

    Using recent economic data on state spending and information about childhood brain development, this Kids Count mini-report offers a snapshot of where Arkansas stands on early education and spending on such programs. The report examines the next steps, challenging conventional wisdom in order to explore the best path for improving child outcomes…

  13. Annual Editions: Early Childhood Education 06/07

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paciorek, Karen Menke, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    This 27th edition of "Annual Editions: Early Childhood Education" provides convenient, inexpensive access to current articles selected from the best of the public press. Organizational features include: an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites; an annotated table of contents; a topic guide; a general introduction; brief overviews for…

  14. Music Experience in Early Childhood: Potential for Emotion Knowledge?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vist, Torill

    2011-01-01

    Most cultures carry an idea of music being connected to emotion. New research suggests that we may also acquire emotion knowledge from our music experiences. This article investigates music experience as a mediating tool for emotion knowledge in early childhood, as revealed through qualitative interviews of adults. The interviewees describe music…

  15. Master of Arts in Education Concentration: Early Childhood Education

    E-print Network

    Master of Arts in Education Concentration: Early Childhood Education Program of Study (33 credits) Effective May 2008 This program is intended for practicing teachers who have met SC Dept of Education requirements for certification in elementary education. Core (12 credits of required study) EDFD 602: Learning

  16. Master of Arts in Education Concentration: Early Childhood Education

    E-print Network

    Master of Arts in Education Concentration: Early Childhood Education Program of Study (33 credits) Effective August 2012 This program is intended for practicing teachers who have met SC Dept of Education requirements for certification in elementary education. Core (12 credits of required study) EDFD 602: Learning

  17. Understanding the Early Childhood Practicum Course in California Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Millovich, June M.

    2010-01-01

    The early childhood practicum course is the venue through which college students synthesize prior learning about developmentally appropriate teaching practices and apply it in supervised fieldwork settings. Prior research identifies that while this course has a central place in the preparation of teachers, there are acknowledged gaps of…

  18. Convergent Validity of the Early Childhood Behavior Problem Screening Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffith, Annette K.; Nelson, J. Ron; Epstein, Michael H.; Pederson, Bjorn

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the convergent validity of the parent and teacher versions of the Early Childhood Behavior Problem Screening Scale (ECBPSS) with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Caregiver-Teacher Report Form (C-TRF), respectively. Data were collected on a sample of preschool and kindergarten students (n = 149) from two medium-sized…

  19. Kansas Early Childhood Research Institute on Transitions: Executive Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Mabel L.; O'Brien, Marion

    This executive summary reviews activities over the past 5 years of the Kansas Early Childhood Research Institute (KECRI). The Institute has addressed transition issues faced by infants and young children (and their families) who have a disability or are at risk for developmental delay. KECRI goals are stated and the importance and impact of the…

  20. Early Parental Adjustment and Bereavement after Childhood Cancer Death

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrera, Maru; O'connor, Kathleen; D'Agostino, Norma Mammone; Spencer, Lynlee; Nicholas, David; Jovcevska, Vesna; Tallet, Susan; Schneiderman, Gerald

    2009-01-01

    This study comprehensively explored parental bereavement and adjustment at 6 months post-loss due to childhood cancer. Interviews were conducted with 18 mothers and 13 fathers. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed based on qualitative methodology. A model describing early parental bereavement and adaptation emerged with 3 domains:…

  1. Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peltzman, Barbara Ruth

    Previous works on educators who built the field of early childhood education do not provide the researcher with primary and secondary sources or information on multicultural educators, nor do they discuss some of the more current leading educators. This reference book provides biographies and bibliographies of selected pre-modern and modern men…

  2. Investing in Kids: Early Childhood Programs and Local Economic Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartik, Timothy J.

    2011-01-01

    Early childhood programs, if designed correctly, pay big economic dividends down the road because they increase the skills of their participants. And since many of those participants will remain in the same state or local area as adults, the local economy benefits: more persons with better skills attract business, which provides more and better…

  3. Understanding Emotional Development: Helping Early Childhood Providers Better Support Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Nicole Megan

    2012-01-01

    This article is intended to provide early childhood providers with a concise overview of emerging emotional development in young children (birth-5), the important role of primary caregivers, and the link between parenting, emotional development, and behavior. Specific suggestions that have been shared with urban Head Start mothers are offered,…

  4. Parental Engagement in Early Childhood Education at Home

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Jing; Pisani, Lauren; White, Sheida; Soroui, Jaleh

    2012-01-01

    This study uses data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy to identify relationships between parents' demographic/socioeconomic backgrounds and their self-reported frequencies of engaging in early childhood education activities. It also examines race/ethnicity-related disparities in the frequency of reading to children and using…

  5. Early Childhood Special Educators and the Hospital Ethics Committee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowenthal, Barbara

    1989-01-01

    The paper discusses issues of concern to early childhood special educators serving on hospital ethics committees to assist families with seriously ill and handicapped infants in neonatal intensive care units. Issues include infant euthanasia and the right to life, child abuse legislation, and possible effects on families. (Author/JDD)

  6. Early Childhood Leadership through the Lens of Distributed Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heikka, Johanna; Hujala, Eeva

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to investigate distribution of responsibilities for leadership in early childhood education (ECE) context. It focuses on the enactments of leadership by investigating how ECE stakeholders, e.g. teachers, ECE centre directors and administrative ECE leaders in municipalities perceive the leadership responsibilities. Using focus…

  7. Sex Differences in Help-Seeking Appear in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benenson, Joyce F.; Koulnazarian, Manouchak

    2008-01-01

    This study tested the hypothesis that sex differences in help-seeking, which have been obtained consistently with adults and adolescents, would appear in early childhood. To this end, 32 girls and 32 boys aged 3 and 6 years from lower and upper-middle socio-economic class schools were asked to perform four tasks (drawing an animal, building a…

  8. Conservation Seeds Activities Book. An Early Childhood Conservation Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Sherri

    This activities book is used with an early childhood conservation education program. The activities are presented in four color-coded sections, each section representing one of the four seasons. Each activity includes a statement of purpose, list of materials needed, instructional strategies, and a list of supplementary activities. In addition to…

  9. Early Childhood Dental Caries. Building Community Systems for Young Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Platt, Laurence J.; Cabezas, Maritza C.

    As part of a series of reports designed to support the implementation of Proposition 10: The California Children and Families Act and to provide comprehensive and authoritative information on critical issues concerning young children and families in California, this report describes the scope and severity of early childhood caries (ECC), a…

  10. Teachers' and Students' Cognitive Styles in Early Childhood Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saracho, Olivia Natividad

    Cognitive style identifies the ways individuals react to different situations. Cognitive styles include stable attitudes, preferences, or habitual strategies that distinguish the individual styles of perceiving, remembering, thinking, and solving problems. Intended for researchers, psychologists, child development specialists, and early childhood

  11. Identification of the Social Development in Early Childhood in Pakistan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malik, Asif; Sarwar, Muhammad; Khan, Naeemullah

    2010-01-01

    This study was conducted to identify the social development in early childhood years. It was delimited to eight private schools of Lahore City from the area of Faisal Town and Shadman. Forty students (male and female) were randomly selected as the sample. Five students from Nursery, Prep and grade one were selected from each school. A checklist…

  12. Early Childhood Education. Building Community Systems for Young Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stipek, Deborah; Ogawa, Terry

    As part of a series of reports designed to support the implementation of Proposition 10: The California Children and Families Act and to provide comprehensive and authoritative information on critical issues concerning young children and families in California, this report summarizes research on the effects of early childhood education and…

  13. Writing in Early Childhood Classrooms: Guidance for Best Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerde, Hope K.; Bingham, Gary E.; Wasik, Barbara A.

    2012-01-01

    Writing is a critical emergent literacy skill that lays the foundation for children's later literacy skills and reading achievement. Recent work indicates that many early childhood programs offer children materials and tools for engaging in writing activities but teachers rarely are seen modeling writing for children or scaffolding children's…

  14. Dialogue on Early Childhood Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC.

    Educators, scholars, and researchers in the United States convened at the Forum on Early Childhood Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education to discuss how, when, and even if science, mathematics, and technology should be taught to pre-kindergarten children. The product of that forum, this book summarizes some of the latest thinking about…

  15. Diagnostic Transitions from Childhood to Adolescence to Early Adulthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Copeland, William E.; Adair, Carol E.; Smetanin, Paul; Stiff, David; Briante, Carla; Colman, Ian; Fergusson, David; Horwood, John; Poulton, Richie; Costello, E. Jane; Angold, Adrian

    2013-01-01

    Background: Quantifying diagnostic transitions across development is needed to estimate the long-term burden of mental illness. This study estimated patterns of diagnostic transitions from childhood to adolescence and from adolescence to early adulthood. Methods: Patterns of diagnostic transitions were estimated using data from three prospective,…

  16. Financing Early Childhood Education Programs: State, Federal, and Local Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hustedt, Jason T.; Barnett, W. Steven

    2011-01-01

    The landscape of financing early childhood education in the U.S. is complex. Programs run the gamut from tuition-supported private centers to public programs supported by federal, state, or local funds. Different funding streams are poorly coordinated. The federal government funds several major targeted programs that are available only to specific…

  17. The Use of Personal Data Assistants in Early Childhood Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ledoux, Michael W.; Yoder, Noreen N.; Hanes, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    Four early childhood education teachers, two veteran and two newer teachers, were asked to pilot the use of handheld Personal Data Assistants loaded with Childchart assessment software. The participants were observed in their use of the electronic devices for monitoring student performance and interviewed regarding the use of the devices and their…

  18. Trends in Early Childhood Education in the United Kingdom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shinman, Sheila M.

    An overview is provided in this discussion of major developments in preschool education in the United Kingdom from 1973 to 1983. The first section offers general observations and covers major trends: rapid social change, the low priority accorded to preschooling, diversity as a key feature of early childhood education, children with special needs,…

  19. TELEVISION IN INFANCY AND EARLY CHILDHOOD—USES & EFFECTS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John P. Murray; Ann D. Murray

    The use of television and other media—such as video, computer programs, and CD material—in infancy and early childhood can have both positive and negative influences on the intellectual and social development of young viewers. Viewing carefully designed programs for preschool age children, such as Sesame Street and Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, can have positive effects on social skills and academic preparation

  20. Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

    2012-01-01

    Early childhood education and care (ECEC) has become a policy priority in many countries. A growing body of research recognises that it provides a wide range of benefits, including social and economic benefits, better child well-being and learning outcomes as a foundation for lifelong learning, more equitable outcomes and reduction of poverty, and…

  1. "Cry and You Cry Alone": Timeout in Early Childhood Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prochner, Larry; Hwang, Yeonwook

    2008-01-01

    This article explores isolation in early childhood education settings in the context of historical and current theories of punishment. The authors conclude that although isolation was reinterpreted in the 20th century in relation to changing theories of learning, teaching and child development, its earlier meanings have endured. (Contains 2 notes.)

  2. A Finnish Viewpoint on Professionalism in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karila, Kirsti

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses professionalism in early childhood education through the analytical tool of a research-based multi-level perspective that sees this as a cultural, communal, organisational, and individual phenomenon. Starting from an understanding of professionalism derived from a model of professional expertise, the article discusses the…

  3. Common Worlds: Reconceptualising Inclusion in Early Childhood Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Affrica; Giugni, Miriam

    2012-01-01

    "Common worlds" is a conceptual framework developed to reconceptualise inclusion in early childhood communities. Common worlds take account of children's relations with all the others in their worlds--including the more-than-human others. The ethics and politics of living together in these common worlds is the central concern of this article. The…

  4. Intellectual Integrity: Examining Common Rituals in Early Childhood Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeman, Ramona; Swim, Terri Jo

    2009-01-01

    This article examines two constructs--ritual and intellectual integrity--as they might unfold in early childhood settings. The authors use the popular practices of closed-ended crafts, calendar exercises, and worksheets to highlight the difference between learning experiences that have become formulaic habits and those that reflect rich and potent…

  5. Sustained Attention and Age Predict Inhibitory Control during Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reck, Sarah G.; Hund, Alycia M.

    2011-01-01

    Executive functioning skills develop rapidly during early childhood. Recent research has focused on specifying this development, particularly predictors of executive functioning skills. Here we focus on sustained attention as a predictor of inhibitory control, one key executive functioning component. Although sustained attention and inhibitory…

  6. Male Teachers in Early Childhood Education: Self & Social Perceptions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaham, Dan

    Noting that men make up only a small percentage of early childhood and day care educators, a study was conducted to assess male teachers' points of view and attitudes. The self- and social-perceptions of 5 male preschool teachers between the ages of 22 and 50 were determined through ethnographic interviews. It was found that, as a group, the male…

  7. Technology User Groups and Early Childhood Education: A Preliminary Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parette, Howard P.; Hourcade, Jack J.; Blum, Craig; Watts, Emily H.; Stoner, Julia B.; Wojcik, Brian W.; Chrismore, Shannon B.

    2013-01-01

    This article presents a preliminary examination of the potential of Technology User Groups as a professional development venue for early childhood education professionals in developing operational and functional competence in using hardware and software components of a Technology toolkit. Technology user groups are composed of varying numbers of…

  8. Developmentally Appropriate Technology Use and Early Childhood Teacher Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dina B. Rosen; Candace Jaruszewicz

    2009-01-01

    Early childhood teacher education methods classes often emphasize the application of developmentally appropriate practices (DAP). In today's digital age, it is important for teacher educators and their students to think about how to extend DAP to technology use. In this article, two contrasting classroom scenarios are provided to illustrate developmentally appropriate technology use (DATU), a new educational term coined by

  9. Interactive Music Technologies in Early Childhood Music Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan Young

    2006-01-01

    In a review of music technology in education, Webster (2002) concludes that there is a scarcity of research on using music technology with young children. The reasons for this may lie in certain resistances to the idea of using technologies with young children embedded in the ideolo- gies and established traditions of early childhood music education practice. From birth children

  10. Investigating the Potential of Touchscreen Technology in Early Childhood Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Geoff Romeo; Suzy Edwards; Sue McNamara; Ian Walker; Christopher Ziguras

    2001-01-01

    This paper reports on a research project which investigated children's use of touchscreens in early childhood and junior primary settings by i ntroducing touchscreens in five classrooms in Melbourne. Several methods to obtain information about how children interacted with the touchscreens were used including observation, journals and field notes, and interviews. The research identified five key themes, relating to developmental

  11. Supporting High-quality Early Childhood Education Services throught ICTs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ruben Míguez Pérez; Juan M. Santos; Luis E. Anido-Rifón

    2010-01-01

    Nowadays early childhood schools are places where kids are not only taken care of but also where carefully planned educational activities (based on pedagogical frameworks) are carried out. In such centers, practitioners observe, analyze and assess children's progress on a daily basis. Using this data, they plan new stimulating activities for the kids taken into account their personal traits and

  12. Developmental needs and early childhood education: evolutionary, my dear Watson

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margaret Henry

    2004-01-01

    Examining the processes of natural selection, described by Darwin in The Origin of Species, casts light on our own species’ fundamental needs and on the far greater role that early childhood educators can play in their fulfillment. The second section of this paper analyzes how our fundamental needs emerge in a sequence underpinned by the processes of natural selection (goodness?of?fit,

  13. Digital Natives Come to Preschool: Implications for Early Childhood Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zevenbergen, Robyn

    2007-01-01

    This article explores the implications of young learners' dispositions towards the use of digital technologies in contemporary early childhood settings. It is proposed that young learners have grown up in very different social conditions from previous generations, mainly through the saturation of digital technologies, in particular computers. This…

  14. Inclusion of Technology Resources in Early Childhood Music Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kersten, Fred

    2006-01-01

    The article discusses the inclusion of technology resources in early childhood music education. Successful technology inclusion in music for young children depends on the physical, mental, and social readiness of each individual child. Learning providers involved with young children should constantly review the child's capabilities and …

  15. The Advocacy of Educators: Perspectives from Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mevawalla, Zinnia; Hadley, Fay

    2012-01-01

    This article investigates early childhood educators' perceptions of advocacy in raising the professional status with multiple stakeholders in diverse contexts. The article reports on findings from a phenomenological study investigating the perceptions of 12 educators working full time in long-day-care settings across Sydney, New South Wales (NSW),…

  16. Narrative Skills Following Early Confirmation of Permanent Childhood Hearing Impairment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worsfold, Sarah; Mahon, Merle; Yuen, Ho Ming; Kennedy, Colin

    2010-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this study was to compare spoken language production in children with permanent childhood hearing impairment (PCHI) whose PCHI was confirmed either early or late. Method: Audio-taped spoken narrative was assessed for syntax, phonology, morphology, and narrative in transcripts from a population-based sample of 89 children (49 males,…

  17. Roadmap: Early Childhood Education Technology Associate of Applied Science

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Early Childhood Education Technology ­ Associate of Applied Science [RE-AAS-ECET] Regional Credit Hours] ECED 20163 Understanding Young Children: Typical and Atypical 3 C ECET 21010 Infant/Toddler Curriculum and Services 3 C EPSY 29525 Educational Psychology 3 C ITEC 19525 Educational Technology 3 C

  18. Continuing Professional Development in Early Childhood Education in New Zealand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cherrington, Sue; Thornton, Kate

    2013-01-01

    This article explores the influences on and nature of continuing professional development in the New Zealand early childhood education sector. In addition to discussing the nature of professional development and providing an explanation of the policy context that informs the delivery of professional development, the paper draws on evaluations of…

  19. Early Childhood Mentoring Programs: A Survey of Community Initiatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breunig, Gretchen Stahr; Bellm, Dan

    Mentoring programs offer experienced caregivers and directors new encouragement to remain in the field by helping them learn to share their skills with others and grow in the profession. This report is the result of an information-gathering process among mentoring programs for early childhood educators in the United States. Following an…

  20. Early Childhood Education as a Resilience Intervention for Maltreated Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellenbogen, Stephen; Klein, Benjamin; Wekerle, Christine

    2014-01-01

    The profound injuries caused by child maltreatment are well documented in the neurological, attachment, cognitive, and developmental literature. In this review paper, we explore the potential of early childhood education (ECE) as a community-based resilience intervention for mitigating the impacts of child abuse and neglect and supporting families…

  1. Environmental Education in 2002 and 2006 Early Childhood Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erdogan, Mehmet; Bahar, Mehmet; Ozel, Ruhan; Erdas, Eda; Usak, Muhammet

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the study is to analyze comparatively 2002 (previous) and 2006 (current) Early Childhood Curricula with regard to concepts and attainments associated with environmental education (EE). 2002 and 2006 preschool curricula were firstly retrieved from the web-site of Board of Education and then subjected to content analysis across 41…

  2. The Social and Political Construction of Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vandenbroeck, Michel; Coussee, Filip; Bradt, Lieve

    2010-01-01

    We analyse two foundational social problems regarding early childhood education. The first, in the late nineteenth century, is infant mortality, a social problem that constituted the historical legitimation for the first creches. The second, the prevention of school failure, is very topical today. By analysing these examples in their historicity,…

  3. Supporting Early Childhood Practitioners through Relationship-Based, Reflective Supervision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernstein, Victor J.; Edwards, Renee C.

    2012-01-01

    Reflective supervision is a relationship-based practice that supports the professional development of early childhood practitioners. Reflective supervision helps practitioners cope with the intense feelings and stress that are generated when working with at-risk children and families. It allows them to focus on the purpose and goals of the program…

  4. Directors of Early Childhood Services: Experience, Preparedness and Selection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayden, Jacqueline

    1997-01-01

    The role of the early childhood director has been a neglected area of research in Australia. This study set out to address the gap in understanding of directors and the administration/management function in child care and preschool settings. Through a survey of practicing directors and a series of follow-up interviews with selected respondents,…

  5. Fall Activities for the Early Childhood and Special Education Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denton, Penny

    Designed for teachers of early childhood or special education students, this guide contains instructions and illustrations for classroom activities for the months of September, October, and November. Most of the activities involve art projects and many incorporate teaching in other subject areas such as mathematics, language arts, science, and…

  6. Early Childhood Professionals' Experience of Time to Facilitate Children's Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fumoto, Hiroko; Robson, Sue

    2006-01-01

    This paper reports on the second phase of the Froebel Research Fellowship project "Ownership and Autonomy in Early Childhood" (2003-5). Based on the first phase of the project (Robson and Hargreaves, 2005), a questionnaire survey of 80 professionals working in the Foundation Stage (age 3-5) in England was conducted to obtain an overview of their…

  7. Being Maori: Culturally Relevant Assessment in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rameka, Lesley Kay

    2011-01-01

    Concern has been raised about the under-achievement of Maori children in education. The problem has tended to be located with Maori children rather than with assessments. Clearly if one takes a sociocultural perspective achievement is situated. Although studies in early childhood education have examined and developed assessment tools and…

  8. Playing the Assessment Game: An English Early Childhood Education Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basford, Jo; Bath, Caroline

    2014-01-01

    Assessment and the documentation of learning is an international issue in early childhood education (ECE) and has increasingly become a way for governments to exercise direct control over the practitioners working with young children. This paper details recent statutory guidance about assessment and documentation for English ECE settings and…

  9. Creating a Unified, Comprehensive System of Early Childhood Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of State Boards of Education, Alexandria, VA.

    The Early Childhood Education Network was created as a result of a year-long collaborative project between the National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE) and the Policymaker Partnership to help states create an infrastructure to support the delivery of quality services to children and their families. The boards of education in six…

  10. Social Experiences in Infancy and Early Childhood Co-Sleeping

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Marie J.; Fukumizu, Michio; Troese, Marcia; Sallinen, Bethany A.; Gilles, Allyson A.

    2007-01-01

    Infancy and early childhood sleep-wake behaviours from current and retrospective parental reports were used to explore the relationship between sleeping arrangements and parent-child nighttime interactions at both time points. Children (N = 45) from educated, middle-class families, mostly breastfed in infancy, composed a convenience sample that…

  11. International Early Childhood Resources from Educational Research Abstracts (ERA) Online

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Journal of Early Years Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This annotated bibliography provides abstracts for 17 resources relating to early childhood around the world. Each annotation contains: title; author name(s); source (name of journal in which the resource was published); ISSN of the journal in which the resource was published; and issue (journal citation information for the resource within the…

  12. Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Slovak Republic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

    2012-01-01

    Early childhood education and care (ECEC) is a topic of increased policy interest in the Slovak Republic where improving quality in the ECEC sector is a subject of growing importance. The OECD has identified five effective policy levers to encourage quality in the sector: 1) quality goals and regulations; 2) curriculum and guidelines; 3)…

  13. Curriculum in Early Childhood Education: Re-Examined, Rediscovered, Renewed

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    File, Nancy, Ed.; Mueller, Jennifer J., Ed.; Wisneski, Debora Basler, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    This book provides a critical examination of the sources, aims, and features of early childhood curricula. Providing a theoretical and philosophical foundation for examining teaching and learning, this book will provoke discussion and analysis among all readers. How has theory been used to understand, develop, and critique curriculum? Whose…

  14. Public School Early Childhood Music Education: Challenges and Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    May, Brittany Nixon

    2013-01-01

    With the increase of preK programs in public schools, music educators are increasingly more involved in teaching 3- and 4-year-old students. Many music educators find this difficult, as teaching young children requires different--and often unfamiliar--training and experience in child development and appropriate early childhood methodologies. This…

  15. Promoting Meaningful Learning: Innovations in Educating Early Childhood Professionals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yelland, Nicola J., Ed.

    Grounded in active learning, inquiry, and problem solving embedded in a social and cultural context, this book presents a collection of ideas illustrating innovative practices for educating early childhood professionals in university and other contexts. The book is presented in three parts. Part 1, "Listening to Student Voices," is concerned with…

  16. International Perspectives on Early Childhood Education: Lessons from My Travels.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Lilian G.

    1999-01-01

    Working with early childhood colleagues in other countries can be enlightening and enriching. This paper offers seven insights gained from the international experience: (1) "What It Feels Like To Be a Teacher" discusses observations of student and teacher behavior and attitudes in classrooms in China, a Caribbean island, and India; (2)…

  17. Australian Research in Early Childhood Education. Volume 1, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleer, Marilyn, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    This journal consists of selected refereed papers from the third Annual Conference of the Australian Research in Early Childhood Education (1995). Contained in the publication are the following articles: (1) "Longitudinal Studies--Are They Worth It?" (Judith Cowley); (2) "Scripts for Learning: Reflecting Dynamics of Classroom Life" (Joy Cullen,…

  18. Understanding Families: Applying Family Systems Theory to Early Childhood Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christian, Linda Garris

    2006-01-01

    Working with families is one of the most important aspects of being an early childhood professional, yet it is an area in which many educators have received little preparation (Nieto 2004). Teachers spend hours learning about child development, developmentally appropriate practices, health and safety, playgrounds, and play. At times it seems that…

  19. Integrating Concrete and Virtual Manipulatives in Early Childhood Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosen, Dina; Hoffman, Jo

    2009-01-01

    Early childhood teachers around the country and the world guide children's mathematical learning through the use of manipulatives--pattern blocks, base blocks, geoboards, Unifx cubes, Cuisenaire rods, coins, clocks, and so on. Manipulatives allow concrete, hands-on exploration and representation of mathematical concepts. In the past few years,…

  20. Workplace Violence in Early Childhood Settings: A Counter Narrative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sumsion, Jennifer

    Noting that portrayals of early childhood settings as communities of care distinguish them from other education contexts, this paper presents a counter-narrative that focuses on workplace tensions experienced by an Australian preschool teacher. The counter-narrative was informed by informal interviews held 4 times yearly over a period of 7 years…

  1. Impacts of Family Support in Early Childhood Intervention Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friend, Anna C.; Summers, Jean Ann; Turnbull, Ann P.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review intervention research to determine the types of family support that are reported and evaluated in early childhood. This review includes 26 articles evaluating (a) parent training programs; (b) general family-centered practice models which offer comprehensive supports; (c) peer support; (d) two-generation…

  2. Child Care and Cortisol across Early Childhood: Context Matters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, Daniel; Blair, Clancy; Ursache, Alexandra; Wiloughy, Michael; Garrett-Peters, Patricia; Veron-Feagans, Lynne; Bratsch-Hines, Mary; Mills-Koonce, W. Roger; Granger, Douglas A.

    2014-01-01

    A considerable body of literature suggests that children's child-care experiences may impact adrenocortical functioning in early childhood. Yet emerging findings also suggest that the magnitude and sometimes the direction of child-care effects on development may be markedly different for children from higher risk contexts. Using data from a…

  3. Project ASCENT: Mainstreaming Gifted and Talented in Early Childhood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritchie, Shirley, Ed.

    The manual describes Project ASCENT, a North Carolina project to provide support services to help early childhood teachers provide a differentiated curriculum for identified gifted children in the regular class. The chapter on program implementation considers such aspects as project goals, staff, funding, schools involved, the duties of the…

  4. The Minnesota Experience with Family-Centered Early Childhood Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engstrom, Lois

    1988-01-01

    The author describes Minnesota's Early Childhood Family Education program for all children from birth to kindergarten and their parents. Topics include the types of activities each local program undertakes, administration and planning, and financing. A list of important program attributes is included. (CH)

  5. Working on the Impossible: Early Childhood Policies in Namibia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penn, Helen

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses the complexities of aid-giving using the example of early childhood policies in Namibia. It supports a critical view of aid processes and of World Bank endeavours in particular. Using an analysis of the World Bank funded education sector-wide improvement plan (ETSIP) in Namibia and three Namibian local case studies, it shows…

  6. Early Childhood Discipline: A Review of the Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firmin, Michael W.; Castle, Sally L.

    2008-01-01

    In this literature review concerning early childhood discipline we particularly highlight American children's discipline with respect to historical perspectives, generational theories, gender issues, parental styles, methods of discipline, and corporal punishment. We also address corporal punishment's history, the debate among experts, beliefs and…

  7. Single Mothers' Religious Participation and Early Childhood Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petts, Richard J.

    2012-01-01

    Using data on 1,134 single mothers from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this study examined trajectories of religious participation among single mothers and whether these trajectories were associated with early childhood behavior. The results suggested that single mothers experienced diverse patterns of religious participation…

  8. Teaching Children with ADHD: Icelandic Early Childhood Teachers' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Einarsdottir, Johanna

    2008-01-01

    Medication for the treatment of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has increased tremendously in Iceland during the last decade and the country has now the highest prescription rates for methylphenidate in the world. This study examines Icelandic early childhood teachers' experiences and perspectives of children with behavioural…

  9. Early Childhood Education: Policy Issues for the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stegelin, Dolores A., Ed.

    Noting the separation of child-related policy makers from practitioners who know best what is good and appropriate for children, this anthology is designed as a guide for child-related policy development. The book's chapters are as follows: (1) "Early Childhood Policy" (Dolores A. Stegelin), providing an historical context and identifying eight…

  10. Early childhood education teachers: Do they practice what they preach?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Deborah J. Stipek; Patricia Byler

    1997-01-01

    The study explored relationships, for 60 preschool, kindergarten, and first grade teachers, among teachers' beliefs about how children learn, their views on the goals of early childhood education, their positions on policies related to school entry, testing, and retention, their satisfaction with current practices and pressures for change, and their actual practices. Results revealed, for preschool and kindergarten teachers, significant

  11. Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Norway 2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

    2013-01-01

    Early childhood education and care (ECEC) can bring a wide range of benefits--for children, parents and society at large. However, these benefits are conditional on "quality". Expanding access to services without attention to quality will not deliver good outcomes for children or long-term productivity benefits for society. This series of country…

  12. Constructions of Early Childhood Education and Care Provision: Negotiating Discourses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell-Barr, Verity

    2014-01-01

    Drives to increase the number of early childhood education and care places in England have relied on a mixed economy of providers. Yet this is not a free market as policy makers have sought to create a discursive truth of an entrepreneurial provider in order to secure their initial pump priming investment. However, there remain sustainability…

  13. Progression and Continuity in Early Childhood Education: Tensions and contradictions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth Wood; Neville Bennett

    1999-01-01

    This article focuses on the current policy context in early childhood education in England and Wales. The provision of high quality preschool education is regarded internationally as a significant factor in raising educational standards. Such aspirations are dependent on achieving effective patterns of continuity and progression from preschool to school. Despite the centrality of these terms in policy rhetoric progression

  14. Male teachers in early childhood education: issues and case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer Sumsion

    2005-01-01

    Much of the debate about the desirability or otherwise, of attempting to address the gender imbalance in the early childhood teaching profession has been limited by a reliance on rhetoric rather than empirical evidence. The purpose of this article is to assist in shifting this debate to a more empirical basis by reporting findings from an exploratory empirical investigation of

  15. LEARNING THROUGH PROJECTS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD TEACHER EDUCATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lorraine Dejong

    1999-01-01

    Research suggests that project learn- ing has great potential to foster a comprehensive knowledge base for teachers. This paper describes the ra- tionale for weaving project learning into early childhood teacher education programs and describes how teacher educators can effectively implement the strategy in their curriculum. In- cluded is a discussion of how projects support brain-based learning research and how

  16. Training of early childhood education and care staff

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Moss

    2000-01-01

    This chapter examines the training of early childhood education and care workers, taking six countries (Denmark, France, New Zealand, Spain, Sweden, and the United States) as cases to explore variations and issues. It is argued that country approaches to staff training need to be understood in relation to the structure, purposes, and underlying values of services in that society, and

  17. Master's Comprehensive Exam For Special Education and Early Childhood Education

    E-print Network

    Hemmers, Oliver

    Master's Comprehensive Exam For Special Education and Early Childhood Education Student Application of Educational and Clinical Studies University of Nevada Las Vegas Please read directions thoroughly of Concentration: Prefix & Number Course Title Office Use Only ex. ESP 701 Introduction to Special Education BOTH

  18. Identifying Online Preferences and Needs of Early Childhood Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weigel, Daniel J.; Weiser, Dana A.; Bales, Diane W.; Moyses, Kendra J.

    2012-01-01

    A growing number of early childhood professionals use the Internet to improve their skills, knowledge, and practice. The Internet may be a practical alternative for providing high-quality, research-based training, information, and resources to these professionals. When designing online materials and Web sites, however, it is important to first…

  19. Illinois Early Childhood Training/Technical Assistance Matrix.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Dept. of Human Services, East St. Louis. Head Start State Collaboration Office.

    This matrix provides information on early childhood training and technical assistance services in Illinois. Parts of the document are presented in grid form so that information can be compared across programs. First, information is provided on the following training and technical assistance providers: Child Care Resource & Referral (CCR&R/Illinois…

  20. Understanding Quantitative and Qualitative Research in Early Childhood Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, William L.; Goodwin, Laura D.

    This book describes the research process in order to facilitate understanding of the process and its products, especially as they pertain to early childhood education. It examines both quantitative and qualitative research methods, emphasizing ways in which they can be used together to fully study a given phenomenon or topic. Chapter 1 examines…

  1. The Anti-Bias Approach in Early Childhood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Creaser, Barbara; Dau, Elizabeth

    This book on an anti-bias approach to early childhood education addresses aspects of diversity such as gender, race, and language within Australian society and provides strategies for working with families and staff to challenge existing attitudes and practices. Key features of the book include case studies showing anti-bias principles in action,…

  2. Building Foundations for Friendship and Collaboration in Early Childhood

    E-print Network

    by classroom teachers to build friendship and collaboration: Literature Heartwood Institute: Building Character Kit: Pre-K/K ! The series identifies seven character building attributes: Courage, Loyalty, JusticeBuilding Foundations for Friendship and Collaboration in Early Childhood IALS Annual Conference

  3. Talking Early Childhood Education: Fictional Enquiry with Historical Figures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selbie, Philip; Clough, Peter

    2005-01-01

    The use of fictional writing, and in particular fictional dialogue, has gained increasing credibility and popularity within the field of qualitative social science research (Clough, 2002; Denzin, 1997; Tierney, 1998) but research in early childhood education has yet to exploit such methodologies. This article asks: what is meant by the term…

  4. Early Childhood Nutrition, Education and Fertility Milestones in Guatemala1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    U. Ramakrishnan; H. Barnhart; D. G. Schroeder; A. D. Stein; R. Martorell

    Data on fertility milestones were collected in 1994 and linked to information collected in a trial conducted in eastern Guatemala between 1969 and 1977, to examine whether early childhood nutrition was associated with the timing of fertility milestones. In the original trial, two pairs of villages were randomly allocated to receive either a high energy, high protein supplement (Atole) or

  5. Early childhood nutrition and academic achievement: a longitudinal analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Glewwe; Hanan G. Jacoby; Elizabeth M. King

    2001-01-01

    Many policymakers propose early childhood nutrition programs as a way to increase students’ academic achievement. This paper investigates the nutrition–learning nexus using a unique longitudinal data set that follows a large sample of Filipino children from birth until the end of their primary education. We find that better nourished children perform significantly better in school, partly because they enter school

  6. Early Childhood Curriculum and the Definition of Knowledge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spodek, Bernard

    This paper delineates conceptions of early childhood programs from the 18th through the 20th centuries, and reveals how the programs changed as the concept of what constitutes knowledge changed. Discussion begins with reading instruction and hornbooks in Colonial America, and national language learning in the knitting school of Jean Frederick…

  7. Child Development, Early Childhood Education and Family Life: A Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reardon, Beverly, Comp.

    This bibliographical listing of approximately 2500 books on child development, early childhood education and family life was compiled as a resource for parents and students. Books are listed alphabetically by author and are grouped according to the following categories: child development; observation of children; adolescence; language…

  8. Building Leadership Capacity in Early Childhood Pre-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell-Evans, Glenda; Stamopoulos, Elizabeth; Maloney, Carmel

    2014-01-01

    Building leadership capacity has emerged as a key concern within the early childhood profession in Australia as the sector responds to recent national reforms focusing on raising standards and improving quality provision of services. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the discussion around these reforms and to make a case for changes…

  9. The Importance of Music Centers in the Early Childhood Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenney, Susan

    2004-01-01

    Discusses the importance of music centers in the early childhood class to the development of music abilities of children. Significance of understanding of the fundamental concepts in music including pitch and duration to the musical skills of primary and elementary students; Impact of environment on the learning abilities of children; Role of…

  10. Multicultural Early Childhood Education: Practices and Challenges in Malaysia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phoon, Hooi San; Abdullah, Melissa Ng Lee Yen; Abdullah, Anna Christina

    2013-01-01

    Multicultural early childhood education is necessary in a culturally diverse country like Malaysia. Preschool teachers play an important role in implementing multicultural education in the classroom. This paper reports the findings of a self-report questionnaire involving 854 preschool teachers in Malaysia. The preschool teachers disclosed their…

  11. A Guide to Itinerant Early Childhood Special Education Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dinnebeil, Laurie A.; McInerney, William F.

    2011-01-01

    Itinerant special educators can be much more than "tutors" for young children with special needs. They can transform whole classrooms and help inclusion flourish--if they have the clear guidelines and best practices they need to make the most of their critical roles. This is the book that every itinerant early childhood special educator has been…

  12. Early Childhood Educational Software: Specific Features and Issues of Localization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nikolopoulou, Kleopatra

    2007-01-01

    The computer has now become a recognized tool in the education of young children and when used appropriately can reinforce their learning experiences. This paper reviews specific features (relating to pedagogic design, software content and user-interface design) of early childhood educational software and discusses issues in favor of its…

  13. Quality of Chilean Early Childhood Education from an International Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villalon, Malva; Suzuki, Emy; Herrera, Maria Olivia; Mathiesen, Maria Elena

    2002-01-01

    Assessed the quality of different types of early childhood care and education programs in Chile according to international standards. Recorded structural and process characteristics observed in the classrooms. Found that Chilean preschool programs showed a minimum level of quality, with a high proportion of centers in the inadequate range.…

  14. Mathematical and Scientific Development in Early Childhood: A Workshop Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beatty, Alix

    2005-01-01

    The National Research Council (NRC), through the Center for Education (CFE), wishes to build on the work in early childhood it has already done. In particular, the NRC wishes to focus on research on young children and their learning of mathematical and scientific ideas. The workshop that is the subject of this report, one in a series of workshops…

  15. Directory of Selected Early Childhood Programs, 1991-1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Decker, Marcia J., Ed.

    This directory of selected early childhood programs sponsored by the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) includes project grants in the following program categories administered by the Office of Special Education Programs: the Division of Innovation and Development (DID), the Division of Personnel Preparation (DPP), and…

  16. Singaporean Early Childhood Teachers' Responses to Myths about Child Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Briggs, Freda; Potter, Gillian K.

    2004-01-01

    Prior to attending seminars on child abuse and domestic violence, 86 kindergarten and 64 special education (early childhood) teachers completed a questionnaire seeking views relating to the accuracy of statements relating to all forms of child abuse. This was designed to identify the accuracy of teachers' knowledge of child abuse and neglect…

  17. The Paradox of Power in Leadership in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Dora

    2012-01-01

    Western frameworks for school improvement, including the stakeholder model and the model of decentralized leadership, have recently been promoted as solutions for school improvement. Using early childhood education in Hong Kong as an illustrative case, this article focuses on the power and authority of leadership in school decision making. The…

  18. University-Qualified Indigenous Early Childhood Teachers Voices of Resilience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleet, Alama; Kitson, Ros; Cassady, Bevan; Hughes, Ross

    2007-01-01

    Demonstrating persistence and resilience, increasing numbers of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander early childhood teachers are gaining university qualifications. This paper explores factors that support and constrain these students on the path to their degrees. Investigated through a cycle of interviews and focus groups, otherwise perceived as…

  19. Developmental Needs and Early Childhood Education: Evolutionary, My Dear Watson

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Margaret

    2004-01-01

    Examining the processes of natural selection, described by Darwin in "The Origin of Species", casts light on our own species' fundamental needs and on the far greater role that early childhood educators can play in their fulfillment. The second section of this paper analyzes how our fundamental needs emerge in a sequence underpinned by the…

  20. Relational aggression in sibling and peer relationships during early childhood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jamie M. Ostrov; Nicki R. Crick; Kirstin Stauffacher

    2006-01-01

    The role of siblings (N = 50) in the display of physical and relational aggression among peers during early childhood was explored. Specifically, sibling pairs' rates of physical and relational aggression were assessed in their independent social contexts. Findings indicated low to moderate levels of intercorrelation between physical and relational aggression and moderate levels of stability for both physical and

  1. The Early Childhood Education of Disadvantaged Children in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Song, Zhanmei; Zhu, Jiaxiong; Xia, Zhuyun; Wu, Xin

    2014-01-01

    Since 2010, the Chinese government has adopted a series of services and policies to provide early childhood education for disadvantaged children. The rapid economic development and urbanisation process since the mid-1980s have led to great changes in social structure and demographics in China. This creates new challenges for the education of…

  2. Early Childhood Professionalism in Serbia: Current Issues and Developments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bankovic, Ivana

    2014-01-01

    This article explores early childhood professionalism in the Republic of Serbia. The concept of professionalism in this context is examined in light of current international debates about professionalism. More specifically, how the use of specific nomenclature, the existence of multi-professional teams of practitioners and state-regulated but…

  3. Participatory Learning Theories: A Framework for Early Childhood Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hedges, Helen; Cullen, Joy

    2012-01-01

    This paper continues scholarly conversations about appropriate theories of development to underpin early childhood pedagogy. It focuses on sociocultural theoretical perspectives and proposes that participatory learning theories (PLTs) underpin pedagogy built on principles specified in three curricular documents. Further, the paper argues that the…

  4. Pennsylvania Child Care/Early Childhood Development Training System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennsylvania State Dept. of Public Welfare, Harrisburg. Office of Children, Youth, and Families.

    The Pennsylvania Child Care/Early Childhood Development Training System offers comprehensive training opportunities to the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare's licensed and registered child care providers, including center-based staff, school-age child care staff, and home-based providers. This booklet outlines state-mandated training…

  5. Early Parental Adjustment and Bereavement After Childhood Cancer Death

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maru Barrera; Kathleen OConnor; Norma Mammone DAgostino; Lynlee Spencer; David Nicholas; Vesna Jovcevska; Susan Tallet; Gerald Schneiderman

    2009-01-01

    This study comprehensively explored parental bereavement and adjustment at 6 months post-loss due to childhood cancer. Interviews were conducted with 18 mothers and 13 fathers. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed based on qualitative methodology. A model describing early parental bereavement and adaptation emerged with 3 domains: Perception of the Child, describing bereavement and adjustment prior to and after the

  6. Communicating and Thinking through Drawing Activity in Early Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papandreou, Maria

    2014-01-01

    This article considers drawing as a meaning-making activity that takes place in certain sociocultural contexts to find evidence for its communicative potentials as well as the relationship between thought and drawing in early childhood. The researcher challenges traditional views about young children's drawing that focus on the result of the…

  7. Early Childhood Health--Mental Health Prevention and Treatment Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Lawrence S.

    The Maimonides Early Childhood Health-Mental Health Prevention and Treatment Program is described. The program provides a broad range of preventive services to children who are five years of age and younger. Services are organized into Post-Natal and Pre-School Programs. The Post-Natal Program offers group education and counseling, individual…

  8. Early Childhood Rearing Practices in the People's Republic of China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alston, Frances Kemper

    This paper describes and interprets observations of Chinese children made by an American early childhood educator during a 3-week visit to the People's Republic of China in 1975. It was observed that Chinese infants dispalyed no anxiety when approached by strangers. Toddlers evidenced none of the rebelliousness associated with American children of…

  9. Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Japan 2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

    2012-01-01

    Early childhood education and care (ECEC) can bring a wide range of benefits--for children, parents and society at large. However, these benefits are conditional on "quality". Expanding access to services without attention to quality will not deliver good outcomes for children or long-term productivity benefits for society. This series of country…

  10. Routines and Transitions: A Guide for Early Childhood Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malenfont, Nicole

    2006-01-01

    In early childhood settings, children spend over 50 percent of their time on handwashing, dressing, napping, and other routines and transitions. "Routines and Transitions" is a guide to help turn these routine daily activities into learning experiences. By using transitions wisely, providers not only help children develop skills, but also run a…

  11. The Construction Site Project: Transforming Early Childhood Teacher Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNaughton, Kathryn; Krentz, Caroline

    2007-01-01

    The work of Malaguzzi (in Edwards, Gandini, & Forman, 1998; Fraser, 2006) has made the fundamentals of the preschools of Reggio Emilia familiar to many early childhood educators. The article describes an authentic project that enhanced undergraduate and postgraduate participants' understanding of the impact of collaboration, conversation, and…

  12. The Development of an Early Childhood Teacher Research Collaborative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Jeanne

    2007-01-01

    This article investigates young children's understanding of and relationships to their communities and the natural world. Inspired by the pedagogy of Reggio Emilia (Edwards, Gandini, & Forman, 1998) and guided by the concept of documentation as a cycle of inquiry (Gandini & Goldhaber, 2001), a group of early childhood educators from across the…

  13. Early Childhood Dental Caries: A Rising Dental Public Health Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gomez, Grace Felix

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this article is to examine the literature and review the risk factors and disparities contributing to early childhood caries (ECC), which is a major health problem among preschoolers in the United States of America. A search was conducted using MEDLINE, PubMed, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library databases and the key terms…

  14. The Incoherence of Curriculum: Questions Concerning Early Childhood Teacher Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbons, Andrew N.

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines curriculum debates, particularly those that influence an understanding of the nature and purpose of curriculum, in providing teacher education and in influencing teaching practice. The work of Martin Heidegger provides a framework for questioning the early childhood teacher education curriculum. Central to this analysis are…

  15. Flame Retardant Exposures in California Early Childhood Education Environments

    EPA Science Inventory

    Infants and young children spend as much as 50 hours per week in child care and preschool centers. Although approximately 13 million children, or 65% of all U.S. children, spend a portion of each day in early childhood education (ECE) facilities, little information is available a...

  16. Report on What Works in Early Childhood Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West Virginia Kids Count Fund, Charleston.

    This KIDS COUNT pamphlet is part of a 3-year campaign to bring business and child care together to increase the quality and availability of child care for at-risk children in West Virginia. The pamphlet reports on the components of quality child care and on West Virginia's early childhood initiative, Educare. Emphasizing the positive effects of…

  17. Oneida Cockrell: Pioneer in the Field of Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Jean

    2012-01-01

    In this article the author profiles Oneida Cockrell, a pioneer in the field of early childhood education. She was the founder and director of the Garden Apartments Nursery School and Kindergarten, located in the prestigious Michigan Boulevard Garden Apartments building (commonly known as the Rosenwald Apartments) in Chicago's West Hyde Park…

  18. TANGIBLE BENEFITS OF AN EPORTFOLIO INITIATIVE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alper Tolga KUMTEPE

    Summary Anadolu University College of Open Education has initiated a new ePortfolio system for its Early Childhood Education teacher Preparation Program with over 12,000 distance learners. Although majority of the classes delivered from a distance, students still need to attend some practicum classes. Students attend classes under the supervision of a master teacher, create lesson plans, and conduct activities with

  19. New Explorations with Waste Materials in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uyanik, Ozgun; Inal, Gozde; Calisandemir, Fatma; Can-Yasar, Munevver; Kandir, Adalet

    2011-01-01

    Creativity is innately brought with secret power which can emerge at any time throughout life and be enhanced if fostered. Properly designed art activities serve as a potential for emergence and the enhancement of children's creativities in their early childhood educations. Those children who cannot express their emotions through oral language or…

  20. Teaching with Love: A Feminist Approach to Early Childhood Education. Rethinking Childhood: Volume 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Lisa S.

    Building on the feminist notion of an ethic of care and drawing from psychology and women's studies, this book analyzes the experiences of two primary teachers as they create a vision of early childhood education centered around loving relationships. Chapter 1 of the book, "Why Love?" introduces the idea of teaching with love, including a detailed…

  1. Comparative Early Childhood Education Services: International Perspectives. Critical Cultural Studies of Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duncan, Judith, Ed.; One, Sarah Te, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    This edited international collection re-conceptualizes the place of early childhood education and care services (ECEC) within communities and challenges traditional approaches to family involvement and partnerships in ECEC. Using a range of theoretical positions, the authors present research-based discussions from five countries which challenge…

  2. What's the Bottom Line?: Corporate Involvement in an Early Childhood Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Jean A.

    2004-01-01

    Using data from a qualitative case study of a statewide early childhood initiative, this article critically examines the budding relationship between one state's early childhood initiative and the corporate community. The analysis is situated within assumptions about the benefits of public--private partnerships and early childhood and childcare as…

  3. An Experimental Test of Parenting Practices as a Mediator of Early Childhood Physical Aggression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brotman, Laurie Miller; O'Neal, Colleen R.; Huang, Keng-Yen; Gouley, Kathleen Kiely; Rosenfelt, Amanda; Shrout, Patrick E.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Parenting practices predict early childhood physical aggression. Preventive interventions that alter parenting practices and aggression during early childhood provide the opportunity to test causal models of early childhood psychopathology. Although there have been several informative preventive intervention studies that test mediation…

  4. 51st Annual Early Childhood Conference Dr. Aimee Lee Govett: Center for Math and Science Education,

    E-print Network

    Karsai, Istvan

    University School #12;Introduction · The History of Organic Gardening 251st Annual Early Childhood Conference Conference #12;K-Kids Organic Garden University School Teacher: Ms. Mary Myron 551st Annual Early Childhood are spectacular! 2251st Annual Early Childhood Conference #12;Second Grade Organic Gardening University School

  5. Examining the Chicago Early Childhood Teacher Pipeline. Policy Research: IERC 2010-1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klostermann, Brenda K.

    2010-01-01

    In this study, the author and her colleagues examined the higher education pipeline of Early Childhood teachers in Chicago in order to make recommendations for strategies to increase the number of qualified Early Childhood teachers. Key findings of this study include: (1) The Chicago Early Childhood Education (ECE) pipeline for undergraduate…

  6. An Analysis of New Zealand's Changing History, Policies and Approaches to Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLachlan, Claire

    2011-01-01

    New Zealand has an internationally unique approach to early childhood education, which includes a bicultural early childhood curriculum, a robust infrastructure of organisation and management overseen by the New Zealand Ministry of Education, and a growing reputation for innovation in early childhood teaching and learning. This paper examines how…

  7. Pre-Service Primary Teachers' Perceptions of Early Childhood Philosophy and Pedagogy: A Case Study Examination

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lord, Alison; McFarland, Laura

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the experiences of three primary teacher education students participating in early childhood-focused community play sessions, as well as their perceptions of early childhood and primary philosophy and pedagogy. The purpose was to explore perceived differences in primary and early childhood pre-service teacher courses, which may…

  8. Towards the Emergence of a Critical Ecology of the Early Childhood Profession in New Zealand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalli, Carmen

    2010-01-01

    A 10-year strategic plan for early childhood education introduced by the New Zealand Ministry of Education in 2002 included policies to create a teacher-led early childhood profession by 2012. This article reviews the provisions of the strategic plan and argues that it emerged from a critical ecology of the early childhood profession with a…

  9. Quality Design of Focus Groups in Early Childhood Special Education Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MARY JANE BROTHERSON; BETH L. GOLDSTEIN

    1992-01-01

    Interest is growing in the contributions of qualitative research to the field of early childhood special education. One qualitative method, focus groups, is examined. This article discusses what types of early childhood special education questions might be addressed in focus groups and suggests guidelines by which to consider the quality of design of focus group use in early childhood special

  10. Partial and Incomplete Voices: The Political and Three Early Childhood Teachers' Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, Linda

    2014-01-01

    The early childhood-school relationship is reported as having points of separation and difference. In particular, early childhood teachers located in a school setting report experiencing a push-down effect. This paper reports on a participatory action research project involving three early childhood teachers working within an independent school.…

  11. On-the-Spot Course: Early Childhood Education in Ethiopia (August 2-30, 1993). Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golda Meir Mount Carmel International Training Centre, Haifa (Israel).

    This report describes a course on early childhood education methodology and practice that was held at the Ministry of Education in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, for 35 Ethiopian early childhood educators and administrators. In addition to presenting developmental profiles of preschool children, the 3-week course addressed philosophies of early childhood

  12. Analyzing Process Quality of Early Childhood Education with Many Facet Rash Measurement Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basturk, Ramazan; Isikoglu, Nesrin

    2008-01-01

    Quality of early childhood education institutions specifically, dimensions of process quality should be evaluated. Purpose of this study is to analyze process quality of early childhood education by using many-facet Rasch measurement model (MFRM). In this study, data were collected from twelve early childhood education institutions by four…

  13. EARLY CHILDHOOD UNIFIED The field of teaching is one of our

    E-print Network

    ) and early childhood/special education (birth through grade 3) and comprehensive training in methodsEARLY CHILDHOOD UNIFIED The field of teaching is one of our country's most important social service with an emphasis in elementary/early childhood unified, you'll have gained the credentials for teaching children

  14. Roadmap: Early Childhood Education Bachelor of Science in Education [EH-BSE-ECDE

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Early Childhood Education ­ Bachelor of Science in Education [EH-BSE-ECDE] College Friday of the term ECED 10120 Introduction to Early Childhood Services 2 C EPSY 29525 Educational experiential learning requirement #12;Roadmap: Early Childhood Education ­ Bachelor of Science in Education [EH

  15. Professional, Applied & Continuing Education ADVANCED DIPLOMA IN LEADERSHIP IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE

    E-print Network

    Martin, Jeff

    Professional, Applied & Continuing Education ADVANCED DIPLOMA IN LEADERSHIP IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION PROGRAM The Advanced Diploma in Leadership in Early Childhood Care and Education is a leadership development program that is designed for professionals within the early childhood care and education sector

  16. Constructivism does not only happen in the individual: sociocultural theory and early childhood education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan Edwards

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines recent movements in the early childhood education literature that have began to relate sociocultural explanations for human development to the early childhood curriculum. The paper reports the findings from an investigation conducted to determine early childhood educators’ conceptions of the curriculum and their understandings of its theoretical informants, including constructivism and developmental theory. This paper reports a

  17. Advising Guide for Early Childhood Education A.A.S. Articulation Agreement

    E-print Network

    Advising Guide for Early Childhood Education A.A.S. Articulation Agreement Transferring to Portland State University (PSU) with the A.A.S. in Early Childhood Education from Clackamas Community College According to this articulation agreement, students completing the Early Childhood Education A.A.S. at CCC

  18. University of Wisconsin Milwaukee Baccalaureate Degree Early Childhood Education (Ages 0-8 certification)

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    University of Wisconsin ­ Milwaukee Baccalaureate Degree Early Childhood Education (Ages 0-8 certification) Wisconsin Technical College System A.A.S. Early Childhood Education Effective Date: For students Description and Rationale: Students completing the AAS degree in Early Childhood Education at one

  19. A unique opportunity to engage in a dialogue with early childhood teachers

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    , and New Zealand College of Early Childhood Education. Contact: Judith Duncan. Registration Full Name and early childhood education. A range of courses in initial teacher education and postgraduate study are available. Kidsfirst Kindergartens is one of New Zealand's largest early childhood education (ECE) providers

  20. Teacher Education in Pakistan: Analysis of Planning Issues in Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunzai, Zohra Nisar

    2009-01-01

    This article focuses on the status of teacher education and early childhood education in Pakistan. The paper analyzes planning issues in early childhood teacher education by examining education policies and existing practices in early childhood teacher education in Pakistan. Initiatives taken at public and private levels in Pakistan are also…

  1. MAT Early Childhood Plan of Study Revised 9/5/2012 Louisiana Tech University

    E-print Network

    Selmic, Sandra

    in Teaching (MAT) Early Childhood Education (PK-3) Plan of Study Name CWID# Last First AddressMAT Early Childhood Plan of Study Revised 9/5/2012 Louisiana Tech University Master of Arts Materials & Methods for Early Childhood/Elementary Grades Mathematics 3 EDCI 521 Assessment of Students

  2. Bringing politics into the nursery: early childhood education as a democratic practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Moss

    2007-01-01

    This paper explores the possibility that early childhood institutions can be, first and foremost, places of political practice—and specifically of democratic political practice. The case for the primacy of democratic political practice in early childhood institutions is made more urgent by two developments apparent in many countries today: the growth of policy interest in early childhood education, leading to an

  3. Early childhood education in New Zealand: Current issues and policy developments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carmen Dalli

    1990-01-01

    In December 1988, the New Zealand government published its policy document for early childhood education: Before Five. During 1990 all New Zealand early childhood education centres will experience the impact of the new policies for early childhood education. Some of the issues that led up to these policies relate to equity of access and equity of funding, the provision of

  4. SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Early Childhood Education Bachelor of Science in Education

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Scott

    SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Early Childhood Education ­ Bachelor of Science in Education of the term ECED 10120 Introduction to Early Childhood Services 2 C EPSY 29525 Educational Psychology 3 C MATH THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Early Childhood Education ­ Bachelor of Science in Education [EH

  5. MASTER OF ARTS IN TEACHING: EARLY CHILDHOOD (PRE K-3) PROGRAM OF STUDY

    E-print Network

    Young, Paul Thomas

    : PEDAGOGY AND CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (18 HRS) EDEE 613 Curriculum and Development in Early Childhood Education (3 hrs) (SP) EDEE 638 Mathematics and Science in Early Childhood Education (3 hrs) (FA) * Prerequisite concurrently. * Prerequisites: EDEE 510 & 617EDEE 636 Field Experience II in Early Childhood Education (3 hrs

  6. Roadmap: Early Childhood Education Bachelor of Science in Education [EH-BSE-ECDE

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Early Childhood Education ­ Bachelor of Science in Education [EH-BSE-ECDE] College Internship Preschool 6 C Fulfills experiential learning requirement #12;Roadmap: Early Childhood Education for Advanced Study by the second Friday of the term ECED 10120 Introduction to Early Childhood Services 2 C

  7. Instructional Leadership and Academic Curriculum Doctoral Program (ILAC) Concentration in Early Childhood Education

    E-print Network

    Oklahoma, University of

    ) doctoral program with a concentration in Early Childhood Education. As an aid to assist the committee in early childhood education and the applicant's capacity for independent, scholarly work is being you known the applicant and in what capacity? 2) Pertaining to early childhood education, what do you

  8. What can I do with a degree in Early Childhood Teacher Education?

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    What can I do with a degree in Early Childhood Teacher Education? Education Planning your career to www.canterbury.ac.nz/liaison/best_prep.shtml What is Early Childhood Teacher Education? Working in early childhood education will offer you a challenging and rewarding career, enhancing the lives

  9. Tangible Programming 1 Running head:TANGIBLE PROGRAMMING IN EARLY CHILDHOOD

    E-print Network

    Bers, Marina Umaschi

    to help solve human problems. Early childhood education hasn't ignored this; it is common to see young in notions of developmentally appropriate practice (DAP), a perspective within early childhood educationTangible Programming 1 Running head:TANGIBLE PROGRAMMING IN EARLY CHILDHOOD Tangible Programming

  10. The Impact of Nutrition during Early Childhood on Education among Guatemalan Adults

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John A. Maluccio; John Hoddinott; Jere R. Behrman; Reynaldo Martorell; Agnes R. Quisumbing; Aryeh D. Stein

    2003-01-01

    Early childhood nutrition is thought to have important effects on education, broadly defined to include various forms of learning. We advance beyond previous literature on the effect of early childhood nutrition on education in developing countries by using unique longitudinal data begun during a nutritional experiment during early childhood with educational outcomes measured in adulthood. Estimating an intent-to-treat model capturing

  11. The Impact of Nutrition during Early Childhood on Education among Guatemalan Adults

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Maluccio; John Hoddinott; Jere R. Behrman; Reynaldo Martorell; Agnes R. Quisumbing; Aryeh D. Stein

    2006-01-01

    Early childhood nutrition is thought to have important effects on education, broadly defined to include various forms of learning. We advance beyond previous literature on the effect of early childhood nutrition on education in developing countries by using unique longitudinal data begun during a nutritional experiment during early childhood with educational outcomes measured in adulthood. Estimating an intent-to-treat model capturing

  12. New Teachers for a New Century: The Future of Early Childhood Professional Preparation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horm-Wingerd, Diane, Ed.; Hyson, Marilou, Ed.

    Based on the view that a well-prepared teacher is one of the keys to young children's successful learning and development in early childhood settings, this book examines the nature and content of current early childhood professional preparation programs at the preservice level, describes high quality early childhood professional preparation, and…

  13. Team Teaching in an Early Childhood Interdisciplinary Program: A Decade of Lessons Learned

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linda L. Hestenes; Karen Laparo; Catherine Scott-Little; Swetha Chakravarthi; Joanna K. Lower; Angie Cranor; Deborah J. Cassidy; Judith Niemeyer

    2009-01-01

    Preparing students in the early childhood field to work with children both with and without disabilities and to collaborate with different professionals is an important endeavor for colleges and universities. The purpose of this paper is to articulate a unique model of program collaboration between early childhood special education and early childhood regular education that demonstrates a cohesive preservice teacher

  14. Precursors of Adolescent Substance Use from Early Childhood and Early Adolescence: Testing a Developmental Cascade Model

    PubMed Central

    Sitnick, Stephanie; Shaw, Daniel S.; Hyde, Luke

    2013-01-01

    This study examined developmentally-salient risk and protective factors of adolescent substance use assessed during early childhood and early adolescence using a sample of 310 low-income boys. Child problem behavior and proximal family risk and protective factors (i.e., parenting, maternal depression) during early childhood, as well as child and family factors and peer deviant behavior during adolescence were explored as potential precursors to later substance use during adolescence using structural equation modeling. Results revealed that early childhood risk and protective factors (i.e., child externalizing problems, mothers’ depressive symptomatology, and nurturant parenting) were indirectly related to substance use at the age of 17 via risk and protective factors during early and middle adolescence (i.e., parental knowledge and externalizing problems). The implications of these findings for early prevention and intervention are discussed. PMID:24029248

  15. Early Childhood Education for the San in Namibia: The Working Group of Indigenous Minorities Early Childhood Development Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haraseb, Victoria

    2011-01-01

    The Working Group of Indigenous Minorities in Southern Africa (WIMSA) has been working to improve conditions for San communities since 1996. San communities in Namibia have an extremely high dropout rate compared to all other populations in the country, and one of WIMSA's most important areas of focus is education. Early Childhood Development…

  16. Transforming Universal Design for Learning in Early Childhood Teacher Education from College Classroom to Early Childhood Classroom

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Ellen MCGuire-Schwartz; Janet S. Arndt

    2007-01-01

    This article focuses on the application of Universal Design for Learning from theory to practice from the college classroom to the practicum experiences of preservice teacher candidates. It combines description of two research projects that explored and documented how participants understand and use Universal Design for Learning in lesson planning. Universal Design for Learning holds promise in training early childhood

  17. T.E.A.C.H. Early Childhood: Providing Strategies and Solutions for the Early Childhood Workforce

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Sue; Rogers, Julie

    2005-01-01

    T.E.A.C.H., which stands for Teacher Education And Compensation Helps, began in 1990 in North Carolina. What began as a small pilot project, offering scholarships to 21 caregivers, has grown into a national movement. Now in 23 states, T.E.A.C.H. addresses the enduring challenges that plaque the early childhood field--high turnover, low…

  18. Twelve Best Practices for Early Childhood Education: Integrating Reggio and Other Inspired Approaches. Early Childhood Education Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewin-Benham, Ann

    2011-01-01

    In her new book, popular author Ann Lewin-Benham draws on her intimate knowledge and experience with the Reggio Approach to present 12 "best practices" inspired not only by Reggio, but also by play-based and Montessori approaches to early childhood education. These practices are demonstrated, one per chapter, with scenarios from classrooms,…

  19. The Current State of Early Childhood Education Programs: How Early Childhood Center Directors Manage Their Human Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arend, Lauren E.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: Research in the field of early childhood education (ECE) demonstrated the association between skilled directors and high quality programs. Still, most state licensing requirements do not delineate the requisite knowledge or experience necessary to be an effective director. Many ECE directors advance to their position directly from the…

  20. Early Childhood Education: A Projection for 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LeVasseur, Natalie P.

    This paper projects an image of the future from the present to early in the next century and provides a scenario of a day spent in a school for young children in 2001. The image of the future is based on a chronicle of events which might conceivably happen. The scenario, set in one particular time and place in the future, describes what early

  1. Investigating pre?service early childhood teachers’ views and intentions about integrating and using computers in early childhood settings: compilation of an instrument

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kleopatra Nikolopoulou; Vasilis Gialamas

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the compilation of an instrument in order to investigate pre?service early childhood teachers’ views and intentions about integrating and using computers in early childhood settings. For the purpose of this study a questionnaire was compiled and administered to 258 pre?service early childhood teachers (PECTs), in Greece. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted and a one?factor model was

  2. Early childhood infection and atopic disorder

    PubMed Central

    Farooqi, I; Hopkin, J.

    1998-01-01

    BACKGROUND—Atopy is of complex origins but the recent rise in atopic diseases in westernised communities points to the action of important environmental effects. One candidate mechanism is the changing pattern of microbial exposure in childhood. This epidemiological study investigated the relationship between childhood infections and subsequent atopic disease, taking into account a range of social and medical variables.?METHODS—A total of 1934 subjects representing a retrospective 1975-84 birth group at a family doctor practice in Oxfordshire were studied. Public health and practice records were reviewed; temporal records were made of all diagnoses of infections and their treatments, all immunisations, and diagnoses of asthma, hay fever and eczema; maternal atopy and a number of other variables were documented.?RESULTS—Logistic regression analysis identified three statistically significant predictors of subsequent atopic disease: maternal atopy (1.97, 95% CI 1.46 to 2.66, p<0.0001), immunisation with whole-cell pertussis vaccine (1.76, 95% CI 1.39 to 2.23, p<0.0001), and treatment with oral antibiotics in the first two years of life (2.07, 95% CI 1.64 to 2.60, p<0.0001). There was no significant association found for maternal smoking, bottle feeding, sibship size, or social class.?CONCLUSIONS—The prediction of atopic disease by maternal atopy mainly reflects the effect of acknowledged genetic factors. Interpretation of the prediction of atopic disorders by immunisation with whole-cell pertussis vaccine and treatment with oral antibiotics needs to be very cautious because of the possibilities of confounding effects and reverse causation. However, plausible immune mechanisms are identifiable for the promotion of atopic disorders by both factors and further investigation of these associations is warranted.?? PMID:10193389

  3. Integrating Vygotsky's theory of relational ontology into early childhood science education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kirch, Susan A.

    2014-03-01

    In Science Education during Early Childhood: A Cultural- Historical Perspective, Wolff-Michael Roth, Maria Inês Mafra Goulart and Katerina Plakitsi explore the practical application of Vygotsky's relational ontological theory of human development to early childhood science teaching and teacher development. In this review, I interrogate how Roth et al. conceptualize "emergent curriculum" within the Eurocentric cultural-historical traditions of early childhood education that evolved primarily from the works of Vygotsky and Piaget and compare it to the conceptualizations from other prominent early childhood researchers and curriculum developers. I examine the implications of the authors' interpretation of emergence for early childhood science education and teacher preparation.

  4. Early Care and Education for Children in Poverty: Promises, Programs, and Long-Term Results. SUNY Series, Youth, Special Services, Schooling, and Public Policy [and] SUNY Series, Early Childhood Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnett, W. Steven, Ed.; Boocock, Sarane Spence, Ed.

    A major objective of this collection is to involve researchers in a wide range of disciplines who share an interest in the long-term effects of early childhood education on poor children and their families. The book begins with a series of reviews that provide general overviews of research on the long-term effects of early childhood education. The…

  5. Maternal Oral Bacterial Levels Predict Early Childhood Caries Development

    PubMed Central

    Chaffee, B.W.; Gansky, S.A.; Weintraub, J.A.; Featherstone, J.D.B.; Ramos-Gomez, F.J.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To calculate the association of maternal salivary bacterial challenge (mutans streptococci [MS] and lactobacilli [LB]) from pregnancy through 24 months’ postpartum with child caries incidence (?1 cavitated or restored teeth) at 36 months. Materials & Methods: Dental, salivary bacterial, sociodemographic, and behavioral measures were collected at three- to six-month intervals from a birth cohort of low-income Hispanic mother-child dyads (N = 243). We calculated the relative child caries incidence, adjusted for confounding, following higher maternal challenge of MS (>4500 colony-forming units per milliliter of saliva [CFU/mL]) and LB (>50 CFU/mL) based on multivariable models. Results: Salivary MS and LB levels were greater among mothers of caries-affected children versus caries-free children. Mothers with higher salivary MS challenge were more likely to have MS-positive children (>0 CFU/mL), but maternal LB challenge was not a statistically significant predictor of child LB-positive status. Adjusting for sociodemographics, feeding and care practices, and maternal dental status, higher maternal salivary challenge of both MS and LB over the study period predicted nearly double the child caries incidence versus lower MS and LB (cumulative incidence ratio: 1.9; 95% confidence interval: 1.1, 3.8). Conclusion: Maternal salivary bacterial challenge not only is associated with oral infection among children but also predicts increased early childhood caries occurrence. PMID:24356441

  6. When Do Socioeconomic Resources Matter Most in Early Childhood?

    PubMed

    Mollborn, Stefanie; Lawrence, Elizabeth; James-Hawkins, Laurie; Fomby, Paula

    2014-06-01

    Research has established the importance of early socioeconomic advantage and disadvantage for understanding later life outcomes, but less is known about change in the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and child development within the period of early childhood. Competing hypotheses drawn from the literature posited: (1) a stable SES-development relationship, (2) a stronger relationship in infancy than at older ages, and (3) a stronger relationship at school entry than at younger ages. Using the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (2001-2007), we followed 8600 children from infancy through kindergarten entry to model change over time in the relationship between socioeconomic status and cognitive and behavioral development. The unexpected main finding was that the relationships between three socioeconomic measures (household income, assets, and maternal educational attainment) strengthened from infancy through age 4 or 4½, then weakened slightly until the start of kindergarten. Indirect evidence suggested preschool education as one possible explanation. We argue for researchers to expand the school transition concept to include the now widespread prekindergarten year, as well as for attention to psychological and physiological developmental factors that may shape the relationship between SES and cognitive and behavioral development throughout early childhood. PMID:25431546

  7. Revealing the Research "Hole" of Early Childhood Education for Sustainability: A Preliminary Survey of the Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Julie

    2009-01-01

    In 2007, "Environmental Education Research" dedicated a special issue to childhood and environmental education. This paper makes a case for "early childhood" to also be in the discussions. Here, I am referring to early childhood as the before-school years, focusing on educational settings such as childcare centres and kindergartens. This sector is…

  8. EXAMINATION REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION Early Childhood Education, Birth to Grade 2

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Weigang

    EXAMINATION REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION Early Childhood Education, Birth to Grade 2: 1. Academic Literacy Skill Test (ALST) 2. Educating All Students (EAS) 3. CST Multi Subject (Early Childhood - when available) 4. edTPA (Teacher Performance Assessment) Childhood Education, Grades 1-6: 1. Academic Literacy

  9. Blended Perspectives: A Global Vision for High-Quality Early Childhood Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Renck Jalongo; Beatrice S. Fennimore; Jyotsna Pattnaik; DeAnna M. Laverick; Jeffrey Brewster; Moses Mutuku

    2004-01-01

    What are the attributes of a high-quality early childhood education program worldwide? An group of experienced early childhood educators that represent diverse international backgrounds attempts to respond to this question by examining six dimensions of quality set forth by the Association for Childhood Education International: (1) philosophies and goals, (2) high-quality physical environments, (3) developmentally appropriate and effective pedagogy and

  10. Revealing the research ‘hole’ of early childhood education for sustainability: a preliminary survey of the literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julie Davis

    2009-01-01

    In 2007, Environmental Education Research dedicated a special issue to childhood and environmental education. This paper makes a case for ‘early childhood’ to also be in the discussions. Here, I am referring to early childhood as the before?school years, focusing on educational settings such as childcare centres and kindergartens. This sector is one of the research ‘holes’ that Reid and

  11. Designing ScratchJr: Support for Early Childhood Learning Through Computer Programming

    E-print Network

    Bers, Marina Umaschi

    childhood programs [18] and the importance of play in developmental and learning trajectories [9], digitalDesigning ScratchJr: Support for Early Childhood Learning Through Computer Programming Louise P in early childhood education. ScratchJr will pro- vide software for children to create interactive

  12. Blended Perspectives: A Global Vision for High-Quality Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jalongo, Mary Renck; Fennimore, Beatrice S.; Pattnaik, Jyotsna; Laverick, DeAnna M.; Brewster, Jeffrey; Mutuku, Moses

    2004-01-01

    What are the attributes of a high-quality early childhood education program worldwide? A group of experienced early childhood educators that represent diverse international backgrounds attempts to respond to this question by examining six dimensions of quality set forth by the Association for Childhood Education International: (1) philosophies and…

  13. Diversity and Difference in Early Childhood Education: Issues for Theory and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Kerry; Diaz, Criss Jones

    2005-01-01

    Early childhood professionals are often required to work with children and families from a range of diverse backgrounds. This book goes beyond simplistic definitions of diversity, encouraging a much broader understanding and helping early childhood educators develop a critical disposition towards assumptions about children and childhood in…

  14. Early Childhood Violence Prevention. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massey, Marilyn S.

    Noting that all Americans are stakeholders in the quest to prevent violence in the critical early years, this Digest focuses on preventing violence in children's lives and suggests ways caregivers, parents, and teachers can reduce the damaging effects of violence. Even before a child is born, violence can have a profound effect upon its life.…

  15. The Economic Analysis of Early Childhood

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    conviction (misdemeanor or felony conviction) · Any incarceration or jail #12;Key Indicators - Parents of Nebraska ­ Lincoln Dr. Lisa Knoche Nebraska Center for Research on Children, Youth, Families and Schools-Graduation) · Parent Indicators #12;Key Indicators ­ Child (Early) Cognitive Development/ Academic Achievement · Grade

  16. Diarrhea Management Training in Early Childhood Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winnail, Scott D.; Artz, Lynn M.; Geiger, Brian F.; Petri, Cynthia J.; Bailey, Rebecca; Mason, J.W.

    2001-01-01

    Addresses the health of young children and how to safely and effectively care for children with diarrhea in the home and in early child care settings. Discusses specific intervention and program activities, including specially designed materials for mixing homemade oral rehydration usage. (Author/SD)

  17. International Perspectives on Early Childhood Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochran, Moncrieff

    2011-01-01

    In this chapter Dr. Cochran uses an empirically based overarching conceptual framework linking historical patterns, current policy goals and intervening influences as a tool for understanding the policy and program outcomes manifested in the early education programs of representative Western countries (Australia, France, Italy, Sweden). Policy…

  18. Using the Autism Detection in Early Childhood (ADEC) and Childhood Autism Rating Scales (CARS) to Predict Long Term Outcomes in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nah, Yong-Hwee; Young, Robyn L.; Brewer, Neil

    2014-01-01

    This study evaluated the predictive validity of the Autism Detection in Early Childhood (ADEC; Young, Autism detection in early childhood: ADEC. Australian Council of Educational Research, Camberwell, VIC 2007) and a well-established screening tool, the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS; Schopler et al. The childhood autism rating scale (CARS).…

  19. Courses: Education: Curriculum and Teaching (EDCT) Page 295Sonoma State University 2010-2011 Catalog Education: Early Childhood Education (EDEC)

    E-print Network

    Ravikumar, B.

    -2011 Catalog Education: Early Childhood Education (EDEC) edeC 239 intrOduCtiOn tO eArly ChildhOOd eduCAtiOn (3) Introduction to the theory and practice of early childhood education (from birth to age eight). Topics include: an overview of historical and contemporary models of early childhood education, principles of developmentally

  20. Early Childhood Nurse-Delivered Cognitive Behavioural Counselling for PostNatal Depression

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joanna Prendergast; Marie-Paule Austin

    2001-01-01

    Objective: The aims were (1) to establish whether Early Childhood Nurses (ECNs) can be trained in a modified Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for Post-natal Depression (PND), and (2) to compare the outcome of women treated with this therapy with ‘ideal standard care’ using non-specific counselling by ECNs with no additional training.Method: Five ECNs were trained in CBT and supervised weekly.