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1

Early Childhood Care and Education: Objectives and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes an international study of objectives and issues in early childhood care and education (ECCE). The study was carried out by the Center for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI), an organization created by the Council of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development to study educational issues of concern to…

Heron, Alastair

2

Tooth decay - early childhood  

MedlinePLUS

Bottle mouth; Bottle carries; Baby bottle tooth decay; Early childhood caries (ECC) ... chap 304. Ribeiro NM, Ribeiro MA. Breastfeeding and early childhood caries: a critical review. J Pediatr (Rio J). ...

3

Early Childhood Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood centers have become a common and necessary part of millions of Americans' lives. More women in the workforce, longer workweeks, and educational research supporting the importance of early education have all contributed to the rise of early childhood centers throughout the United States. Today, more than 30 percent of children under…

Butin, Dan; Woolums, Jennifer

2009-01-01

4

Reframing Early Childhood Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid changes in Australian education have intensified the role of early childhood leaders and led to unprecedented challenges. The Australian Curriculum (ACARA, 2011), mandated Australian "National Quality Framework" (NQF) for Early Childhood Education & Care (DEEWR, 2010b) and the "National Early Years Learning Framework" (EYLF) (DEEWR, 2009)…

Stamopoulos, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

5

Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In five sections, this paper explores dimensions of early childhood education: schooling generally construed as nonparental instruction in knowledge, values, and skills. Section 1 looks at some of the factors which have contributed to the rapid growth of early childhood education in modern times. Section 2 briefly highlights the contributions of…

Elkind, David

6

Information on Early Childhood.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a set of documents on breast-feeding, immunization, prevention of childhood accidents, and early stimulation of infants and children. It contains information addressed to (1) policy makers; (2) academicians; (3) practitioners; and (4) mass m...

1980-01-01

7

Early Childhood Education Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses early childhood education programs: their goals; effectiveness; optimal timing, targeting, and content; and costs and benefits. Early intervention has significant short- and medium-term benefits: most notably it reduces grade repetition and special education costs, and provides quality child care. The effects are greatest for more disadvantaged children. Some model programs have produced exciting improvements in educational attainment

Janet Currie

2001-01-01

8

Perceptions of Early Childhood Assessment among Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to evaluate perceptions held by early childhood educators about the assessment process in their schools and to identify current assessment practices in early childhood settings in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. In February 2009, 230 early childhood educators completed surveys on the topic of assessment at an annual early

Hanes, Barbara Mongelli

2010-01-01

9

Early Childhood Trauma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood trauma generally refers to the traumatic experiences that occur to children aged 0-6. Because infants' and young children's reactions may be different from older children's, and because they may not be able to verbalize their reactions to threatening or dangerous events, many people assume that young age protects children from the…

National Child Traumatic Stress Network, 2010

2010-01-01

10

Collage in Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines collage as a symbolic activity in early childhood education. Finds that collage is used in a number of ways by young children and, in addition to being a manipulative and expressive activity, there appears to be a general progression toward incorporating symbolic elements in their collages. (CMK)

Stevenson, Janet N.; Duncum, Paul

1998-01-01

11

Readings: Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collected in this textbook are approximately 30 brief articles and related materials concerning the traits, development, nurturing, and education of children from infancy through early childhood. While varied, material in each of the six sections generally centers on (1) characteristics, traits, and developmental issues in infancy, preschool and…

Sorosky, Jeri, Ed.

12

Music in Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that music activities in early childhood education foster a variety of developmental skills. Analyzes Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, contending that music intelligence is a separate intelligence. Provides ways to identify and promote musical intelligence. Suggests methods for encouraging musical development. Using songs…

Feierabend, John

1990-01-01

13

Early Childhood Development Workforce  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Productivity Commission’s report - Early Childhood Development Workforce – released 1 December 2011, finds that many more workers will be required in preschool and long day care. Full implementation of the reforms will require an estimated 15,000 more workers than would otherwise have been the case. On average, the level of workers' qualifications will also need to increase. The

14

Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Material bearing on the educational and social policy of early childhood education is summarized and a set of policy options and a recommendation are offered. An attempt is made to clarify the questions around which disagreements occur concerning the meaning and value of "education" in relation to young children. A history section treats ideas and…

Burke, David

15

Academisation of Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finnish early childhood education can be defined as practical educational activity, as a discipline, or as a field of science. This study focuses on the academic connections of early childhood education and concentrates on the identification of actors according to Bourdieu's field theory. The roots of academic early childhood education go back only a short way, to the 1970s. The

Sari Husa; Jarmo Kinos

2005-01-01

16

Early Childhood Systems: Transforming Early Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this seminal volume, leading authorities strategize about how to create early childhood systems that transcend politics and economics to serve the needs of all young children. The authors offer different interpretations of the nature of early childhood systems, discuss the elements necessary to support their development, and examine how…

Kagan, Sharon Lynn, Ed.; Kauertz, Kristie, Ed.

2012-01-01

17

Iowa's Shared Vision: Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a revised version of a 1990 document which identifies a direction for Iowa early childhood education through the year 2000. The document defines Iowa's shared vision for young children as: to ensure quality early childhood opportunities for all Iowa's young children. This vision is shared through the Iowa Department of Education's efforts…

Iowa State Dept. of Education, Des Moines.

18

Early Childhood Depression  

PubMed Central

Although empirical evidence has recently validated clinical depression in children as young as age 3, few data are available to guide treatment of early childhood depression. Considering this gap in the literature, a novel dyadic psychotherapeutic model, Parent Child Interaction Therapy–Emotion Development, based on a well-known and effective manualized treatment for disruptive preschoolers, is currently being tested for use in depression. To balance safety and efficacy, dyadic developmental approaches are currently recommended as the first line of treatment for preschool depression. In the absence of data on the safety and efficacy of antidepressants in preschool depression, these agents are not recommended as a first- or second-line treatment at this time. This article provides an illustrative case example of preschool depression, outlines key considerations in differential diagnosis, and describes this novel form of treatment. It also clarifies parameters for the rare situations in which antidepressants may be tried when psychotherapeutic options fail and depression is severe and impairing.

Luby, Joan L

2010-01-01

19

Identifying Risk for Obesity in Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES.Our aim with this study was to assist clinicians by estimating the predic- tive value of earlier levels of BMI status on later risk of overweight and obesity during the middle childhood and early adolescent years. METHODS.We present growth data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, a longitudinal

Philip R. Nader; Marion O'Brien; Renate Houts; Robert Bradley; Jay Belsky; Robert Crosnoe; Sarah Friedman; Zuguo Mei; Elizabeth J. Susman

2010-01-01

20

Early Childhood Special Music Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of early intervention is a critical component of Early Childhood Special Music Education. Early intervention is the process of providing services, education, and support to young children who have disabilities or to children who are at-risk of developing needs that may affect their physical, cognitive, or emotional development. The…

Darrow, Alice-Ann

2011-01-01

21

Early Childhood Care and Education in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent years have seen a global endeavor to prioritize early childhood care and education as a foundation for later learning and development, as evidenced by the Global Guidelines for Early Childhood Education and Care in the 21st Century (Association for Childhood Education International/World Organization for Early Childhood, 1999). Such efforts…

Mbugua, Tata J.

2004-01-01

22

Reported Research Funding in Four Early Childhood Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Funding for research in the area of early childhood is an ongoing challenge. The present research objective was to identify the frequency of acknowledgment of federal funding in articles published by four leading early childhood journals from 1999 to 2008. We conducted a content analysis of 1,338 publications found in "Early Child Development and…

Walsh, Bridget A.; Sanchez, Claudia

2010-01-01

23

Early Childhood Inclusion: A Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today an ever-increasing number of infants and young children with and without disabilities play and learn together in a variety of places--homes, early childhood programs, and neighborhoods, to name a few. Promoting development and belonging for every child is a widely held value among early education and intervention professionals and throughout…

Young Exceptional Children, 2009

2009-01-01

24

Teaching Mathematics in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children who learn math fundamentals in preschool and kindergarten have the best chance of later achievement in school--but too often, children don't get the effective early math instruction that makes all the difference. Now there's a core early childhood textbook that helps current and future educators teach the most critical math concepts to…

Moomaw, Sally

2011-01-01

25

Arizona Early Childhood Education Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to provide a sound basis for educational accountability for preschool programs, the Arizona Early Childhood Education (ECE) Standards were developed as a framework for literacy-based programs for 3- and 4-year-olds and to provide parents with a basic understanding of indicators of early learning. These standards, to be adopted by…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

26

The Marketing of Early Childhood Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates how established marketing concepts and techniques can help early childhood organizations better specify their objectives, determine the most appropriate product-market strategies to fit available resources, develop a viable plan of action for each product offering, and establish a control/reappraisal plan. (Author/RDN)

Boyd, Harper W., Jr.; Caldwell, Bettye M.

1984-01-01

27

Early Childhood Technology Literacy Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the Montgomery County Public Schools is designed to help parents, teachers, specialists, and instructional assistants "integrate technology into instruction and increase early childhood students' skills in reading and writing." The site offers highly integrated and professional materials for teaching early childhood reading, including lesson plans, training resources, suggested software, resources to help parents, links, and additional pertinent materials. The entire site is searchable. Funded by the Technology Literacy Challenge Fund, the Literacy Project (of which the Website is only a part) appears to be a model of how technology, and the Internet in particular, can be applied to very specific educational aims.

28

Early childhood teachers' thoughts and practices about the use of computers in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to determine the thoughts and practices of early childhood teachers about the use of computers in early childhood education. The study has been carried out with 100 early childhood teachers who attended to a seminar about the early childhood education in Eski?ehir and Afyon. To collect data, a “General Information Form” was used to determine the

Özlem Yurt; Nilgün Cevher-Kalburan

2011-01-01

29

Early Childhood Education in Cuba.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the four levels of the early childhood education system in Cuba. Includes information on home visit programs for new parents, child care programs, preschool programs, programs for 5-year-olds, and primary school programs. Emphasizes that parents, relatives, teachers, and the larger community share the responsibility of educating young…

Miller, Susan A.

2002-01-01

30

Early Childhood Educator's Nutrition Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This nutrition handbook is designed to provide enough information on nutrition and food habits to enable early childhood educators to add a nutrition dimension to children's learning activities. Topics covered are the role of nutrition in growth during the preschool years; nutrients and their functions; selecting a healthy diet; common nutritional…

Olson, Christine; And Others

31

Physical Education in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the incidence and quality of physical activity instruction during early childhood. Although the positive effect of physical activity on the cognitive, social, and physical development of young children is generally acknowledged, there is little emphasis nationally on ensuring appropriate physical educational experiences…

Stork, Steve; Sanders, Stephen W.

2008-01-01

32

Motor Activity for Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles included in this journal are a report on the President's Conference on Early Childhood Education entitled "The Young Child: The Significance of Motor Development" by Delores M. Curtis; A Real Look at the Young Child by Lolas E. Halverson; What Movement Means to a Young Child by Keturah E. Whitehouse; Who Says the Young Child Can't by…

American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

33

Early Childhood Re-Visited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents a discussion of some moral and philosophical aspects of issues in early childhood education, beginning with a look at the development of Project Head Start. Current educational research is interpreted and distinctions are made between academic and intellectual goals, between achieving and learning, between performing and…

Katz, Lilian G.

34

Boys' Bodies in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on qualitative research data from a project investigating early childhood boys' constructions of masculinities in relation to sport, health and the body. The focus group data, with 33 boys, has been collected in each of the boys' first three years at school. It is part of the data that will be collected over eight years with…

Drummond, Murray

2012-01-01

35

School Involvement in Early Childhood.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Increased school involvement in early childhood has raised questions about the role of public schools with preschool children and the effects of public pre-kindergarten on children and on Head Start and private preschool care and education programs. The N...

D. Hinkle

2000-01-01

36

Early Childhood Education. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter includes five articles on early childhood education and young children, with particular reference to poor and minority children. "Scientific Literacy Is Child's Play" (Hilaria Bauer) discusses the natural development of scientific literacy in young children through their construction of knowledge and play. "Children of America,…

IDRA Newsletter, 1996

1996-01-01

37

Early Childhood: Child, Teacher, Parent  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of early childhood holds promising keys to unlocking many of the mysteries in learning. Educators in the field, given the right tools, have the potential to have a profound impact on the long-term success of their students. The design of this curriculum comes directly out of the incredible possibilities set in motion while exploring…

Baroody, Christie

2006-01-01

38

DEFINING EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION THROUGH SYSTEMS THEORY  

Microsoft Academic Search

We researchers say that we study early childhood education. What do we actually study? Hereby I now focus on the concept of early childhood education. Concept analysis produces new information on the phenomenon that we the researchers of early childhood education and lecturers love so much. But what do we actually love? In this article I will analyze the concept

Ulla Härkönen

39

Dispersing Waves: Innovation in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education Centres of Innovation (COI) were established in 2002 as part of the 10-year plan for early childhood education, "Pathways to the Future/Nga Huarahi Arataki." In COI projects, innovative early childhood teaching teams reflect on and investigate their practices through action research, and share their findings with the…

Meade, Anne, Ed.

2010-01-01

40

Early Childhood Education: The Case of Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is now widely recognized that early childhood education has paramount significance for the well-being of societies. In this study, the current situation of early childhood education in Turkey is discussed mainly in terms of its perception by the government, the school enrollment rate and the quality of early childhood education programs. The…

Usakli, Hakan

2010-01-01

41

Language, Literacy and Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Language, Literacy and Early Childhood Education" is a comprehensive textbook for all students studying literacy and language subjects in early childhood education and primary degrees. Covering an age range from 0 to 8 years the book encompasses the four main early childhood contexts of: the family and community; childcare; the pre-school years,…

Fellowes, Janet; Oakley, Grace

2011-01-01

42

Teachers as Designers: Integrating Robotics in Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a constructionist approach to introducing technology, in particular robotics, in the early childhood classroom. The authors demonstrate how this approach is well suited, since the four basic tenets of constructionism have a long-standing tradition in early childhood education: (a) learning by designing meaningful projects to share in the community, (b) using concrete objects to build and explore

Marina U. Bers; Iris Ponte; Catherine Juelich; Alison Viera; Jonathan Schenker

2002-01-01

43

Using Online Psychological Consultation in Early Childhood Student Teacher Preparation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the incorporation of online psychological consultation regarding child behavior in an early childhood teacher education program. The authors discuss psychological consultation in terms of current theory and philosophy in early childhood teacher education in general, and in terms of the professional objectives of this specific program. The experiences and thinking that eventually resulted in the choice of

Ann Epstein; Judith A. Dygdon

2006-01-01

44

Early Childhood Intervention. Rationale, Timing and Efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a brief review of the economic rationale for investing in early childhood. It discusses the optimal timing of intervention, with reference to recent work in developmental neuroscience, and asks how early is early? It motivates the need for early intervention by providing an overview of the impact of adverse factors during the antenatal and early childhood period

Orla Doyle; Colm Harmon; James J. Heckman; Richard E. Tremblay

2007-01-01

45

Program of Studies. Multidisciplinary Programs. Early Childhood Education, Student Aides for Kindergarten Teachers, Environmental Education, Gifted and Talented Program, Student Leadership, and Instructional Objectives for Information Retrieval and Media Production.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin states the educational objectives of the Montgomery County, Maryland, public schools and describes programs in early childhood education, environmental education, outdoor education, a countywide program for gifted and talented children, and high school courses in leadership training and media skills. (JD)

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD. Dept. of Instructional Planning and Development.

46

Early Childhood: Welcome Back!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes several simple activities to help children nurture their curiosity and order their experiences into simple understandings. These include: outlining familiar objects on paper; examining leaf patterns and flowers, moving water, and spiders; and touching and exploring various objects set up in learning centers. (JN)

Science and Children, 1983

1983-01-01

47

Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special theme issue of the journal "The Advocate," offers articles on early interventions for preschoolers with special needs, including three articles in Spanish. Contents include: "Providing An Orientation for Life" (Galen D. Kirkland); "AFC Fights Cuts in Education at 'Speak Out' Rally" (Nadine Renazile); "Testimony of AFC, 12/9/94, before…

Advocate, 1995

1995-01-01

48

Early Childhood Education in Portugal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides an overview of the policy and status of early childhood education in Portugal and includes the text of Law 5/97, the Framework Law for Pre-School Education, as well as the Curriculum Guidelines for Pre-School Education adopted by Portugal's government. Two of Law 5/97's nine main goals are: (1) to promote the child's personal…

Vasconcelos, Teresa

49

Clarifying Parent–Child Reciprocities During Early Childhood: The Early Childhood Coercion Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consistent with existing theory, the quality of parent–child interactions during early childhood affects children's social relationships and behavioral adjustment during middle childhood and adolescence. Harsh parenting and a propensity toward emotional overarousal interact very early in life to affect risk for later conduct problems. Less empirical work has evaluated the emergence of early childhood coercive parent–child reciprocities. The proposed early

Laura V. Scaramella; Leslie D. Leve

2004-01-01

50

Narrative Identity and Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An intensification of interest in early childhood by government, parents, and employers, focuses primarily on the provision of private early childhood education services outside of the home. With a focus on New Zealand, the paper argues that the form of early education now promoted is a particular form of care and education that moves children…

Farquhar, Sandy

2012-01-01

51

Early Childhood Development Policy Advances in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowledge of the history and development of early childhood development in Uganda is paramount if we are to know how far we have come and where we are going. This article explores the introduction of early childhood development in Ugandan policy and government interventions from 1960 to 2011. Data was obtained from a review of available early

Ejuu, Godfrey

2012-01-01

52

Developmental Psychology and Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the relationship between the fields of early childhood education and developmental psychology. A historical overview focuses on the early influence of Freud's psychoanalytical principles on early childhood education. Developmental psychologists became involved with ECE on a large scale in the 1960's, encouraged largely by the…

Lickona, Thomas

53

International Handbook of Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of two introductory essays in this handbook presents a historical perspective on international early childhood education; the second provides a cross-national analysis of themes in late 20th century child care and early education. The bulk of the document consists of essays that review early childhood, preschool, primary, or elementary…

Woodill, Gary A., Ed.; And Others

54

Global Trends in Early Childhood Education: 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As early childhood professionals from 78 countries prepare to travel to Belfast for the 2009 World Forum on Early Care and Education, these authors surveyed a sampling of those who will be attending on the current trends in early childhood education in their country. Delegates from over 40 countries responded, and in reviewing the reports from…

Neugebauer, Roger; Goodeve, Emily

2009-01-01

55

Exploring the Quality of Early Childhood Education in China: Implications for Early Childhood Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following article introduces an exploratory study that was designed to measure the quality of early childhood education within its ever changing sociocultural context utilizing the Early Childhood Learning Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) in 40 classrooms in Beijing, China. Implications for early childhood teacher education,…

Hu, Bi Ying; Szente, Judit

2009-01-01

56

Exploring the Quality of Early Childhood Education in China: Implications for Early Childhood Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following article introduces an exploratory study that was designed to measure the quality of early childhood education within its ever changing sociocultural context utilizing the Early Childhood Learning Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) in 40 classrooms in Beijing, China. Implications for early childhood teacher education, including the education of children with exceptional needs are addressed along with recommendations for future

Bi Ying Hu; Judit Szente

2009-01-01

57

Predicting obesity in early adulthood from childhood and parental obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of tracking of adiposity from childhood to early adulthood, and the risk of overweight in early adulthood associated with overweight in childhood and parental weight status in a cohort of children born in the mid-1970s.DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study.SUBJECTS: Approximately 155 healthy boys and girls born in Adelaide, South Australia, 1975–1976 and their parents.MEASUREMENTS: Height and

A M Magarey; L A Daniels; T J Boulton; R A Cockington

2003-01-01

58

Funding Early Childhood Mental Health Services & Supports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is the first of a two-part series on financing early childhood mental health services. It discusses the need for a systemic approach to financing early childhood mental health services and supports and presents a matrix to assist states and communities in the design of comprehensive financing systems. The vertical axis of the matrix…

Wishmann, Amy; Kates, Donald; Kaufmann, Roxane

59

Early Childhood Education: A Workbook for Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text-workbook is designed to present management theories and principles as they apply to the administration of early childhood programs, and serve as a resource and discussion guide applicable to a wide range of child care situations. Following a brief historical consideration of early childhood education in the United States, information to…

Hewes, Dorothy; Hartman, Barbara

60

The role of toys in early childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper investigates the close relationship between development and play in early childhood. The developmental theories of Piaget and Vygotsky will be looked at in conjunction with the play way learning approaches. The historical use of playway methods and toys in educational theories will be further developed citing the parallel works and philosophies of Froebell and Gijoobhai Badheka. Early childhood

Gayatri Menon

61

Special Education/Early Childhood Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document describes the Special Education/Early Childhood Program at the George Washington University--a 1 year, full time, noncategorical master's degree program to prepare special education professionals to service the needs of developmentally handicapped children, either in direct teaching roles or as special education early childhood

George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Dept. of Special Education.

62

Questioning community in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In current early childhood literature, it appears that anything called ‘a caring community of learners’ is considered excellent practice. In this article, however, we look critically at the idea of community. We examine the shifts in the field that led to community's transformation from an implicit assumption to a recognized and explicit requirement in high?quality early childhood educational environments, identify

Debora B. Wisneski; Lisa S. Goldstein

2004-01-01

63

The Importance of Quality Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education can level the academic playing field for Latino children entering school by supporting what parents are doing at home to teach their children the skills necessary to succeed. Yet, only 20% of Latino children under the age of 5 are enrolled in preschool. Many Latinos don't understand why early childhood education is…

Rivera, Miquela

2008-01-01

64

Early Childhood Training Workbook [and Videos].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This early childhood training workbook and three accompanying video series provide instruction for early childhood caregivers and teachers in the areas of guidance and discipline, math, and diversity. The video series "Guidance and Discipline" demonstrates the ways in which teachers help children become self disciplined. The three videos in this…

Magna Systems, Inc., Barrington, IL.

65

Navigating the State Early Childhood Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are four main avenues by which state policy decisions are made: legislation, executive order, administrative rules, and agency budgets. Each process offers many access points for early childhood practitioners and researchers to influence important decisions in the state. The authors provide seven tips for early childhood professionals to…

Lovejoy, Anna; Clothier, Steffanie

2006-01-01

66

Early Childhood Teacher Education in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews early childhood teacher education in the People's Republic of China in the past years and raises the issues about teacher's education in the future. With thinking about early childhood education reform in China, unevenness in development in different areas and regions, and disparity in resources and programming among teacher…

Zhu, Jiaxiong

2008-01-01

67

Accessible Family Involvement in Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family involvement in early childhood classrooms benefits children, school staff, and families. The development of a strong relationship between early childhood programs and families is a critical component of developmentally appropriate practices. What strategies enable families to be full and active participants in their young children's…

Morrison, Johnetta W.; Storey, Pamela; Zhang, Chenyi

2011-01-01

68

Online Early Childhood Professional Development: Selected Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood professional development opportunities are expanding rapidly throughout the country. With nearly 12 million children under the age of 5 in some kind of early childhood setting, there is an effort to increase the quality of care and education. In fact, 97% of states require child care professionals to commit to ongoing professional…

Olsen, Heather

2010-01-01

69

Early childhood curriculum construction and classroom practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the shift from the Froebelian kindergarten to the Progressive kindergarten at the turn of the century, early childhood education became closely associated with the child development field. Child development theory was used to justify the nature of early childhood programs and often it seemed that these programs were derived from specific child development theories. Actually, though these theories are

Bernard Spodek; Olivia N. Saracho

1990-01-01

70

Who Influences Policy in Early Childhood Services?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This edition of the journal explores some of the ideas about policy?making in early childhood services. In this introductory article I review ideas about policy?making processes and policy agendas and what processes shape them, with particular reference to the relationship between research and policies on early childhood services. I write as a researcher working within a child development framework, and

Helen Penn

1996-01-01

71

Conference on Reading and Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collected in this document are seven papers presented at the Ohio Conference on Reading and Early Childhood: (1) "Kids," Jerome Kagen; (2) "Parents as Partners," Christine F. Branche; (3) "When the Young Child Finds Importance in Reading," Leland B. Jacobs; (4) "Four Questions on Early Childhood Education," Lilian G. Katz; (5) "How to Teach Poor…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

72

Quality Measurement in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What constitutes quality in early childhood settings, and how can it best be measured with today's widely used tools and promising new approaches? Find authoritative answers in this book, a must-have for high-level administrators and policymakers as more and more states adopt early childhood Quality Rating and Improvement Systems. The most…

Zaslow, Martha, Ed.; Martinez-Beck, Ivelisse, Ed.; Tout, Kathryn, Ed.; Halle, Tamara, Ed.

2011-01-01

73

Incomes and Outcomes in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of family economic resources on developmental outcomes in early childhood is examined. Relative income effect sizes were found to have practical significance, both within the sample and compared to participation in Early Head Start.

Taylor, Beck A.; Dearing, Eric; McCartney, Kathleen

2004-01-01

74

The Economics of Early Childhood Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What, pray tell, might the so-called "dismal science" of economics have to say about public investment in early childhood programs? Quite a bit, as it turns out. This report from the RAND Corporation takes an economic perspective on such investments, and its intent is to provide policymakers with a primer about "how economic analysis can help set agendas for early childhood policy and identify the economics benefits of targeting certain groups for help." Released in May 2008, the 48-page report draws on concepts including human capital theory and monetary "payoffs" from investments in early childhood programs. The report is divided into four chapters, including "Human Capital Theory" and "Implications for Early Childhood Policy". It's quite a compelling read, and it will be of interest to a broad range of persons working in fields such as early childhood development, economics, and public policy.

2008-01-01

75

Infusing Early Childhood Mental Health into Early Intervention Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the process of enhancing early childhood mental health awareness and skills in non-mental health staff. The author describes a pilot training model, conducted the U.S. Army's Early Intervention Services, that involved: (a) increasing early childhood mental health knowledge through reflective readings, (b) enhancing…

Grabert, John C.

2009-01-01

76

Temperament and Problem Behaviour during Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some evidence exists for the phenotypic association of problem behaviour in early childhood with temperament in infancy, but little is known about the genetic and environmental mechanisms mediating this association. At the ages of 14, 20, 24, and 36 months, mothers of twins completed the Colorado Childhood Temperament Inventory (CCTI; Buss & Plomin, 1984; Rowe & Plomin, 1977). At age

Stephanie Schmitz; David W. Fulker; Robert Plomin; Carolyn Zahn-Waxler; Robert N. Emde; John C. DeFries

1999-01-01

77

The World Bank's View of Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores World Bank's view of early childhood as an example of the globalization of childhood, arguing that the Bank's policies exacerbate the gap between rich and poor nations and between rich and poor within countries, and affect children's lives adversely. Explores inherent contradictions of policies that draw on traditional Anglo-American…

Penn, Helen

2002-01-01

78

Issues and Realities in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates three issues vital to early childhood education: (1) sources of curriculum, (2) sources of financial support, and (3) the relationship between racism and compensatory education. "Natural" childhood and child development theories are discussed, and their use as a source of curriculum for young children is questioned, as is…

Spodek, Bernard

79

Mental Health Consultation in Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood mental health consultation is a relationship-based intervention that promotes children's social and emotional development. Benefits include improved childhood behaviors, improved staff self-efficacy, and lowered parental stress. Child care center directors are more likely to be satisfied with consultation when they are involved in…

Bernzweig, Jane; Ramler, Malia; Alkon, Abbey

2009-01-01

80

Implementation of the Integrated Early Childhood Policy in Senegal. Early Childhood and Family Policy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a UNESCO-sponsored series of studies examining how integrated and coordinated early childhood policies are implemented, this case study focuses on Senegal's integrated early childhood policy. The case study examines the context for policy development and analyzes the structure and resources of the Ministry for the Family and Early

Rayna, Sylvie

81

Aboriginal early childhood education in Canada: Issues of context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Herein we provide a literature synthesis pertaining to the state of Aboriginal early childhood education in Canada. We identify key features of quality Aboriginal early childhood programs. The background and significance of early childhood education for Aboriginal peoples is explicated. Cultural compatibility theory is employed as the philosophical basis to conceptualize quality Aboriginal early childhood education. Based on this theoretical

Jane P Preston; Michael Cottrell; Terrance R Pelletier; Joseph V Pearce

2012-01-01

82

Choosing Furniture for an Early Childhood Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides guidelines for selecting furniture for early childhood settings. Discusses the role of taste, curriculum and space, quality and safety, and budget in making purchasing decisions. Delineates appropriate seat height and table height for children of different ages. (KB)

Meservey, Lynne

2000-01-01

83

Business Case for Early Childhood Investments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

America's Promise's ReadyNation initiative has released this brief, which "makes the case" to business leaders on why investing in early childhood should be important to them. The brief includes "how-to" tips, helpful statistics and more.

America's Promise Alliance (NJ1), 2011

2011-01-01

84

The effectiveness of early childhood development programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

OverviewEarly childhood development is influenced by characteristics of the child, the family, and the broader social environment. Physical health, cognition, language, and social and emotional development underpin school readiness. Publicly funded, center-based, comprehensive early childhood development programs are a community resource that promotes the well-being of young children. Programs such as Head Start are designed to close the gap in

Laurie M Anderson; Carolynne Shinn; Mindy T Fullilove; Susan C Scrimshaw; Jonathan E Fielding; Jacques Normand; Vilma G Carande-Kulis

2003-01-01

85

Resistance, Reproduction, Both, or Neither: Exploring the Influence of Early Childhood Professional Development Specialists on the Field of Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article details the findings from a qualitative study that explored the ways individuals who work with early childhood education (ECE) practitioners in professional development settings influenced those practitioners’ understandings of early childhood policy and early childhood systems. Defined as individuals who work in the professional development and early childhood policy, the professional development specialists in this study influenced ECE

Rebecca E. Gomez

2012-01-01

86

INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA: THE EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT VIRTUAL UNIVERSITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the use of indigenous knowledge in development, and especially in early childhood development practices and policies. It examines the Early Childhood Development Virtual University (ECDVU) program, which provides distance education capacity building programs in Africa. In particular, the article describes the generative curriculum model in which students contribute to the learning process by bringing indigenous knowledge

Alan Pence

87

Early Childhood Development and E-Learning in Africa: The Early Childhood Development Virtual University Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the development and evaluation of the graduate-level Early Childhood Development Virtual University (ECDVU) programme in Sub-Saharan Africa from 2001 through to 2004. It outlines the history of the ECDVU and the establishing of a Sub-Saharan programme for future leaders in the early childhood field guided by the key principle…

Pence, Alan

2007-01-01

88

Object processing for action across childhood.  

PubMed

Human adults process and select the opportunities for action in their environment rapidly, efficiently, and effortlessly. While several studies have revealed substantial improvements in object recognition skills, motor abilities, and control over the motor system during late childhood, surprisingly little is known about how object processing for action develops during this period. This study addresses this issue by investigating how the ability to ignore actions potentiated by a familiar utensil develops between ages 6 and 10 years. It is the first study to demonstrate that (1) the mechanisms that transform a graspable visual stimulus into an object-appropriate motor response are in place by the sixth year of life and (2) graspable features of an object can facilitate and interfere with manual responses in an adult-like manner by this age. The results suggest that there may be distinct developmental trajectories for the ability to ignore motor responses triggered by visual affordances and the stimulus response compatibility effects typically assessed with Simon tasks. PMID:24128173

Dekker, Tessa M; Mareschal, Denis

2013-11-01

89

Early Childhood Math: Make It Manipulative!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that early childhood teachers should provide young children with creative, stimulating, and manipulative (hands-on) experiences rather than workbook pages in early mathematics programs. Presents reasons and corresponding counterpositions for using workbooks and suggests sample activities which teachers can use to make mathematics more…

Stone, Janet I.

1987-01-01

90

The Intangibles in the Early Childhood Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The early years are such formative years, when attitudes are being created, when habits are taking shape, when thoughts are being crystallized. This is when the very essence of each child is coming into being. These are the intangibles that educators may look for within early childhood settings. They must look towards the child care centers around…

Hillman, Carol B.

2012-01-01

91

Early Childhood Programs for a New Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investments in children during the early years of life are regarded as one of the most effective ways to promote children's learning. This book synthesizes the research base and state of practice of early childhood learning and answers such questions as: What programs are most effective, and who benefits most from them? What are the key components…

Reynolds, Arthur J., Ed.; Wang, Margaret C., Ed.; Walberg, Herbert J., Ed.

92

Seasonal Migration and Early Childhood Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides unique evidence of the positive consequences of seasonal migration for investments in early childhood development. We analyze migration in a poor shock-prone border region in rural Nicaragua where it offers one of the main household income diversification and risk coping strategies. IV estimates show, somewhat surprisingly, that in particular mother's migration has a positive effect on early

Renos Vakis

2010-01-01

93

Seasonal Migration and Early Childhood Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides unique evidence of the positive consequences of seasonal migration for investments in early childhood development. We analyse migration in a poor shock-prone border region in rural Nicaragua where it offers one of the main household income diversification and risk coping strategies. IV estimates show, somewhat surprisingly, that mother?s migration has a positive effect on early cognitive development.

Karen Macours; Renos Vakis

2008-01-01

94

A View of Early Childhood Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These excerpts from an oral history interview with the founder of the Irving B. Harris Foundation, one of the most influential early funders of the infant-family field, emphasize the importance of promoting early childhood development as a social investment and highlights the lessons from business that Harris brought to philanthropy. Harris traces…

Harris, Irving B.

2003-01-01

95

Early Childhoods in a Changing World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book challenges taken for granted views of early childhood across the globe. It deepens and broadens our understanding of what it means to be a child today and of the challenges children face in different parts of the world. It will be essential reading for all who work with young children or are students of early years education and…

Clark, Margaret M., Ed.; Tucker, Stanley, Ed.

2010-01-01

96

Professional Certification in Early Childhood Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Certification and personnel preparation programs have not kept pace with the increasing knowledge base related to early intervention with special needs children. The current Early Childhood Special Education Approval for professional certification in Illinois is a set of four courses attached to either of two teaching certificates. The Illinois…

McCollum, Jeannette

97

How Do They Manage? An Investigation of Early Childhood Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood (EC) leadership literature indicates few theoretically based studies identifying and testing different models and characteristics of leadership. Objectives were thus to identify, describe and analyse what leadership meant to key EC participants; to consider roles, responsibilities and characteristics; to investigate core…

Aubrey, Carol; Godfrey, Ray; Harris, Alma

2013-01-01

98

Acting with the Clock: Clocking Practices in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author addresses intra-actions that take place among humans and non-human others--the physical world, the materials--in early childhood education's everyday practices. Her object of study is the clock. Specifically, she provides an example of what it might mean to account for the intra-activity of the material-discursive…

Pacini-Ketchabaw, Veronica

2012-01-01

99

On-the-Spot Course: Early Childhood Education. Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a 2-week course in early childhood education designed for resident college students in Malawi. Section 1 discusses participation by an experimental combination of trained and untrained personnel: 6 social work supervisors, 2 paraprofessional playgroup organizers, and 13 paraprofessional playgroup leaders. Staff and objectives

Lombard, Avima D.; Jasik, Lynne S.

100

Infant diet and subcutaneous fat mass in early childhood: The Generation R Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Objectives:Breastfeeding has a protective effect on childhood obesity, but the influences on body composition in early childhood are not known. The objective of this study is to assess whether the duration and exclusiveness of breastfeeding, and the timing of introduction of solid foods are associated with the subcutaneous fat mass in early childhood.Subjects\\/Methods:This study was embedded in a population-based prospective

B Durmu?; L Ay; L Duijts; H A Moll; A C S Hokken-Koelega; H Raat; A Hofman; E A P Steegers; V W V Jaddoe; VWV Jaddoe

2012-01-01

101

Early Childhood Special Education and Early Intervention Personnel Preparation Standards of the Division for Early Childhood: Field Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of the field validation survey of the revised initial and new advanced Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) Division for Early Childhood (DEC) early childhood special education (ECSE)/early intervention (EI) personnel standards are presented. Personnel standards are used as part of educational accountability systems and in teacher…

Cochran, Deborah C.; Gallagher, Peggy A.; Stayton, Vicki D.; Dinnebeil, Laurie A.; Lifter, Karin; Chandler, Lynette K.; Christensen, Kimberly A.

2012-01-01

102

Researching Early Childhood, Volume 3, 1997. Settings in Interaction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Early Childhood Research and Development Centre, ECRDC, (Goteborg University) was founded in December 1984 in order to encourage and stimulate communication between research, teacher education and education practice in the field of early childhood edu...

M. K. Lohmander

1997-01-01

103

Sleep and energy intake in early childhood  

PubMed Central

Background And Objectives: Shorter sleep is associated with higher weight in children, but little is known about the mechanisms. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that shorter sleep was associated with higher energy intake in early childhood. Methods: Participants were 1303 families from the Gemini twin birth cohort. Sleep duration was measured using the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire when the children were 16 months old. Total energy intake (kcal per day) and grams per day of fat, carbohydrate and protein were derived from 3-day diet diaries completed by parents when children were 21 months old. Results: Shorter nighttime sleep was associated with higher total energy intake (P for linear trend=0.005). Children sleeping <10?h consumed around 50?kcal per day more than those sleeping 11–<12?h a night (the optimal sleep duration for children of this age). Differences in energy intake were maintained after adjustment for confounders. As a percentage of total energy intake, there were no significant differences in macronutrient intake by sleep duration. The association between sleep and weight was not significant at this age (P=0.13). Conclusions: This study provides the first evidence that shorter nighttime sleep duration has a linear association with higher energy intake early in life. That the effect is observed before emergence of associations between sleep and weight indicates that differences in energy intake may be a mechanism through which sleep influences weight gain.

Fisher, A; McDonald, L; van Jaarsveld, C H M; Llewellyn, C; Fildes, A; Schrempft, S; Wardle, J

2014-01-01

104

Predictors of shorter sleep in early childhood  

PubMed Central

Objective The aim of this study was to identify socio-demographic and home environmental predictors of shorter sleep in early childhood, and to examine whether effects were mediated by the timing of bedtime or wake time. Methods Participants were from Gemini, a British birth cohort of twins, and included 1702 children; one randomly selected from each twin pair. Parents reported night-time sleep duration at an average age of 15.8 months (range 14–27 months) using a modified version of the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression models were used to identify predictors of shorter sleep for this study. Results Using a cut-off of <11 h a night, shorter sleep was reported in 14.1% of children. Lower maternal education, non-white ethnic background, being male, low birth weight, living in a home with >1 older child and watching >1 h of TV in the evening were independently associated with shorter sleep. Mediation analyses showed that associations between education, ethnicity, evening TV viewing and sleep were driven predominantly by later bedtimes, while sex differences were driven predominantly by earlier wake times in boys. Conclusion In this sample, multiple environmental factors were associated with shorter sleep in young children, with several operating predominantly through later bedtime. An emphasis on the importance of an early and consistent bedtime could help promote healthy sleep and reduce inequalities in child health.

McDonald, Laura; Wardle, Jane; Llewellyn, Clare H.; van Jaarsveld, Cornelia H.M.; Fisher, Abigail

2014-01-01

105

Early Attachment Relationships and the Early Childhood Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the relationship between attachment theory and the early childhood curriculum. During the first years of life children develop early attachment relationships with their primary caregivers. These attachment relationships, either secure or insecure, will shape children's socio-emotional development. In the USA, the predominant…

Cortazar, Alejandra; Herreros, Francisca

2010-01-01

106

Federal Agencies Keep Early Childhood in Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal agencies and offices have important and exciting early childhood efforts underway. Staff at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and within it, the Administration for Children and Families (ACF)--which manages both the Child Care and Development Fund and the Head Start program, among other initiatives--and the U.S.…

Karolak, Eric

2010-01-01

107

Early Childhood Services: Physical Resources Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduced by a parable on the value of children's play, this guidebook includes a list of 10 developmental functions of play, a discussion of matters for consideration in selecting and organizing equipment and facilities for early childhood programs, and a description of indoor and outdoor program resources for children's activities. Various…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

108

Early Childhood Education: A Trilateral Union.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented here is a view of early childhood education as a process reflecting social principles and practices which have evolved over time. It is argued that society first showed concern for the physical well-being of its young by protecting newborns from their own parents. Secondly, society became concerned with children's training and, later,…

Fischer, Jan Lockwood

109

Early childhood nutrition and academic achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood nutrition is thought to be an important input into subsequent academic achievement. This paper investigates the nutrition-learning nexus using a unique longitudinal data set, which follows a large sample of Philippine children from birth until the end of their primary education. We find that malnourished children perform more poorly in school, even after correcting for the effects of

Paul Glewwe; Hanan Jocoby; Elizabeth M. King

1999-01-01

110

The Early Childhood Generalized Trust Belief Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was designed to develop and evaluate the Early Childhood Generalized Trust Belief Scale (ECGTBS) as a method of assessing 5-8-year-olds' generalized trust. Two hundred and eleven (103 male and 108 female) children (mean age 6 years and 2 months at Time 1) completed the ECGTBS twice over a year. A subsample of participants completed the…

Betts, Lucy R.; Rotenberg, Ken J.; Trueman, Mark

2009-01-01

111

Challenges Facing Early Childhood Programs Worldwide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents the challenges faced by early childhood education in 29 countries, according to the World Forum National Representatives and Global Leaders for Young Children. The countries represented in these responses include: Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, Fiji, India, Iran, Iraq, Japan,…

Neugebauer, Roger

2008-01-01

112

Early Childhood in the New China: Suzhou  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suzhou is one hour to the West of Shanghai, and one of China's most interesting cities, famous for its silks, canals, and scholar gardens. According to a popular legend, Marco Polo is reputed to have said, "In heaven there is paradise, and on earth, Hangzhou and Suzhou." As the city rapidly expands, the issue of early childhood education is a…

Kalinowski, Michael

2010-01-01

113

Early Childhood Centre Administrator Certification. Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the process for obtaining certification for the position of early childhood centre administrator (ECCA) in Nova Scotia, Canada. Following an introduction describing the development of the process and its pilot testing, Chapter 1 of the document details the four-step process: (1) application, including training in the ECCA…

Ferguson, E. Elaine

114

Foucault and the Early Childhood Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Foucault's notion of "regimes of truth" (MacNaughton 2005, 30) provides an understanding of how some discourses operate and network together to reinforce a particular powerful view of the world. These can be in oral or written forms. Early childhood education practices are drawn on the discourse of a document developed by the National Association…

Cohen, Lynn E.

2008-01-01

115

The Visual Arts and Early Childhood Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This anthology focuses on the earliest art expressions, experiences and encounters of young children in the educational setting. The 21 chapters include: (1) "The Visual Arts and Early Childhood Learning: Changing Contexts and Concepts" (Christine Marme Thompson); (2) "The Narrative Quality of Young Children's Art" (Marilyn Zurmuehlen; Larry…

Thompson, Christine Marme, Ed.

116

Inclusive discourses in early childhood education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the discursive formation of inclusion in early childhood education and after?school (recreation) centres in a Danish municipality. While inclusion has been a central educational issue in research and practice for well over quarter of a century, with continuing emphasis worldwide on ‘initiatives by governments’, this interest has centred on the school environment and institutions of higher education.

2011-01-01

117

Robust Hope, Democracy and Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a recent Australian study of boys' education using case studies to determine successful practices. It focuses on an early childhood site where access to "discourses of power" for students and parents and a valuing of students' "action knowledge" created a particular democratic culture achieving improved outcomes for boys. The…

Arthur, Leonie; Sawyer, Wayne

2009-01-01

118

In Early Childhood: What's Language about?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that in daycare centres in France, where children are cared for from four months to age three, the competence of female staff members is usually denied and unvalued vis a vis the expert opinions. The paper highlights empirical research on early childhood and gender, providing pragmatic access to children's languages of desire, a…

Mozere, Liane

2007-01-01

119

Early Childhood Numeracy in a Multiage Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research is a case study examining numeracy teaching and learning practices in an early childhood multiage setting with Pre-Primary to Year 2 children. Data were collected via running records, researcher reflection notes, and video and audio recordings. Video and audio transcripts were analysed using a mathematical discourse and social…

Wood, Karen; Frid, Sandra

2005-01-01

120

Early Childhood Intervention: An Australian Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses the developmental systems approach, an approach developed by M. Guralnick (2001), with an aim to assess and evaluate early childhood intervention (ECI) practices in Australia. The author explores the Australian national context of ECI and its complexities and conclude with recommendations to address (a) the possibility of a…

Sukkar, Hanan

2013-01-01

121

Early Childhood Development in Texas: 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first annual report of the Texas Office of Early Childhood Development surveys public and non-public programs for children. Data, gathered from questionnaires mailed to State agencies and private organizations in Texas, include a description of the service (medical treatment, day care, education), number of children served, requirements for…

Texas State Dept. of Community Affairs, Austin. Office of Early Childhood Development.

122

Physical Fitness and the Early Childhood Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of children's fitness is the responsibility of all who are involved with children. As early childhood professionals, they have a duty to educate the whole (thinking, feeling, "moving") child. Moreover, teachers of preschoolers can be more realistic than parents in their assessment of children's physical inactivity levels, and preschool…

Pica, Rae

2006-01-01

123

HIV/AIDS and Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Consultative Group on Early Childhood Care and Development is increasingly concerned with the lack of attention to children affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. This theme issue of "Coordinators' Notebook" examines issues related to ensuring that orphans and vulnerable children under 5 years receive attention in the international, national, and…

Hanssen, Elizabeth, Ed.; Zimanyi, Louise, Ed.

2002-01-01

124

Early Childhood Nutrition Increases Adult Wages  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study in Guatemala presents the first direct evidence of the effects of early childhood nutrition programs on adult economic productivity and incomes. The research shows that feeding young children a caloric, micronutrient-enriched nutritional supplement leads to significant increases in wage rates for men as adults. Boys who received the supplement in the first two years of life earned on

John Hoddinott

2009-01-01

125

Challenging partnerships in Australian early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Partnerships that form to advance early childhood education are influenced by history and purpose. They are enacted in diverse social, cultural, economic, geographic and educational contexts. Using the theme of ‘strong and equal partnership’ between family and school, and taking a theoretical standpoint that values social cohesion and the agency of the child, this paper investigates ways in which partnership

Collette Tayler

2006-01-01

126

Schematising Activities in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of introducing schematising to children in early childhood and to determine whether schematising can be taught to children. This was done using a longitudinal, quantitative study with a quasi-experimental design (N = 133). In this study, the use of schematising was taught to an experimental…

Poland, Marielle; van Oers, Bert; Terwel, Jan

2009-01-01

127

Early Childhood Curriculum: Planning, Assessment, and Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Early Childhood Curriculum" addresses current approaches to curriculum for infants, toddlers and young children, ages birth to eight. It provides a comprehensive introduction to the curriculum issues that student teachers and emerging practitioners will face and equips them with the decision-making tools that will ultimately enhance and promote…

McLachlan, Claire; Fleer, Marilyn; Edwards, Susan

2010-01-01

128

Schematising activities in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of introducing schematising to children in early childhood and to determine whether schematising can be taught to children. This was done using a longitudinal, quantitative study with a quasi-experimental design (N = 133). In this study, the use of schematising was taught to an experimental group of children to determine if it

Mariëlle Poland; Bert van Oers; Jan Terwel

2009-01-01

129

Managing Severe Epilepsy Syndromes of Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managing severe epilepsy syndromes of early childhood is challenging as the seizures are typically resistant to treatment and may cause disabling mental and behavioral problems in later life. A comprehensive treatment plan includes pharmacologic, nonpharmacologic, and surgical options. This article reviews clinical studies examining the efficacies of antiepileptic medications in reducing seizure frequency in Dravet syndrome, Doose syndrome, and Lennox-Gastaut

James W. Wheless

2009-01-01

130

Early Childhood Tooth DecayPediatric Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pediatricians in the greater Chicago area were surveyed to probe their awareness and approaches to management of dental caries in early childhood. A total of 298 pediatricians (21 % of those surveyed) responded to the questionnaire. Ninety-five percent of the respondents stated they examined their patients' teeth; 85% considered dental examinations part of their responsibility for children under 3 years

James R. Schulte; Mary Ellen Druyan; James C. Hagen

1992-01-01

131

Qualitative Research in Early Childhood Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book consists of a set of studies and essays that represent the best work being done in the area of qualitative research in early childhood settings (children from birth to about age 8). Research in this area involves studies of young children in educational contexts, day care, and preschool settings. The Introduction, "Qualitative Research…

Hatch, J. Amos, Ed.

132

Early Childhood Trends around the World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shares the views of the members of the World Forum community regarding early childhood education trends around the world. It summarizes trends from Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Denmark, The Netherlands, Italy, Turkey, Nepal, Vietnam, Tajikistan, Hong Kong, Singapore, India, New Zealand, Jordan, Palestine, Egypt,…

Neugebauer, Roger

2007-01-01

133

"Queerying" Gender: Heteronormativity in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores heteronormativity and argues for the "queerying" of gender in early childhood education. The author argues, utilising Butler's theory of performativity and heterosexual matrix, that the construction of gender in young children's lives requires an analysis of the normalising practices in which gendered identities are…

Robinson, Kerry H.

2005-01-01

134

Relational Aggression and Friendship During Early Childhood: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Associations between relational aggression and mutual, dyadic friendships during early childhood were assessed in the context of a year-long, short-term longitudinal study. Children's mutual friendships were determined via sociometric ratings and their relationally aggressive behavior among peers was assessed via naturalistic, free play observations. Generally, children who were more relationally aggressive had more mutual friends, although this relation differed by

Jean E. Burr; Jamie M. Ostrov; Elizabeth A. Jansen; Crystal Cullerton-Sen; Nicki R. Crick

2005-01-01

135

Discerning the future of early childhood intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the recent history of early childhood intervention efforts. Major views and principles that guided the formation of intervention programs in the 1960's and 1970's are considered: the deficit model, the focus on intelligence, the critical period formulation, and the overriding spirit of optimism. A major focus is the Head Start program and lessons learned from its development. Issues involved

Edward Zigler; Winnie Berman

1983-01-01

136

Independence and Interdependence in Early Childhood Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is through culture that children make sense of their worlds (Trevarthen, 1998). Cross- cultural models show that families are likely to primarily foster either independence or interdependence in their children (Gonzalez-Mena, 1997; Greenfield, 1994). Young children are likely to pay the "price of acculturation" when they enter early childhood

Whitington, Victoria

2004-01-01

137

Safe Playground Equipment for Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Playgrounds for early childhood programs are places where children can play freely--exploring the natural environment, learning about their bodies, creating friendships, and practicing physical skills. In April, 2000, The National Program for Playground Safety released the results of the most comprehensive national survey of child care, school,…

Thompson, Donna; Hudson, Susan; Olsen, Heather

2005-01-01

138

Constructivism and Jewish Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Having an educational theory as a school's foundation is a key component in successful educational endeavors. However, many Jewish early childhood programs do not commonly use educational theory to support methods of instruction. In this study 14 children from a constructivist-based Jewish kindergarten class are interviewed to determine how…

Muller, Meir

2013-01-01

139

Guided Writing in the Early Childhood Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Encourages teachers to model the thinking processes that take place as one begins to read and write. Notes that when a teacher thinks aloud as he or she writes, children can better grasp the inner dialogue that occurs. Explains components of the guided writing process and discusses simple suggestions as well as the benefits for early childhood

Box, Jeanie A.

2002-01-01

140

Fostering Social Expertise in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social competence is an essential capability to bring to school because of its relationship to academic success. Development and consolidation of social understanding in early childhood ensures that young children have a solid foundation of social expertise when they begin formal schooling. Social expertise, conceptualized within the framework of…

Porath, Marion

2009-01-01

141

Early Childhood Inclusion: Focus on Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood inclusion is a field characterized by a philosophy and practice that encourages full participation of children with disabilities and their families in everyday activities with their typically developing peers. Noting that success in inclusion endeavors requires substantial changes in the way our society thinks, feels, and acts,…

Guralnick, Michael J., Ed.

142

Guide to Educational Technology: Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reference book for educators, administrators, parent groups, and creators and producers of teaching materials provides up-to-date information on the available programs and teaching materials of early childhood educational technology. Surveying trends in preschool educational technology, it examines administration, funding, expenditures,…

Bielawski, Joseph G.

143

Interculturalism: Addressing Diversity in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood educators work with children and families from a range of diverse backgrounds. As society becomes increasingly multiracial, multilingual, and multicultural, so too grows the need for educators' abilities to support children's development by instilling in them the tools they need to live together respectfully and stand up to…

Ponciano, Leslie; Shabazian, Ani

2012-01-01

144

Selecting Activities in the Arts for Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses purposes of the arts in early childhood education. Examines some of the contemporary proposals for art in early childhood programs, including discipline-based art education. Suggests a framework for selecting art activities for early childhood programs and provides examples of appropriate activities for young children. (CFR)

Spodek, Bernard

1993-01-01

145

Early Childhood Education: A Study of Twenty-Seven States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Descriptions of 27 state early childhood education programs are presented in this survey conducted to provide information on which to base program development decisions related to early childhood education in West Virginia. The study surveyed the following areas in each state: definition of early childhood education; administrating agency; laws,…

Benish, Jean, Comp.

146

Perspectives on Non-Sexist Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a series of articles on non-sexist early childhood education based on reports presented at the Conference on Non-Sexist Early Childhood Education held in October, 1976. Specific areas considered include problems of sexism and racism in education, social psychology and early childhood socialization, sex typing influences in play,…

Sprung, Barbara, Ed.

147

Preparing Teachers for Inclusion: Jordanian Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted during a period of national educational reforms in Jordan to investigate Jordanian preservice early childhood teachers' attitudes toward inclusion and the adequacy of their current preparation for implementing inclusion. The study also sought to identify the perceived concerns of preservice early childhood teachers about inclusion in early childhood settings in Jordan. A qualitative interpretive methodology was

Merfat Fayez; Kholoud Dababneh; Ibrahim Jumiaan

2011-01-01

148

Old Baggage, New Visions: Shaping Policy for Early Childhood Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses principles to guide policy development for early childhood programs. Argues for an early childhood "ecosystem" that integrates early childhood and child care services. Discusses federal legislation and urges communities to accept responsibility for providing comprehensive academic, health, social, nutrition, and transportation services…

Mitchell, Anne

1989-01-01

149

Community College and Early Childhood: Update and Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the ways early childhood programs presently fit into community colleges, describes five related issues (i.e., the ambiguities of the early childhood field, the open-door policy, faculty responsibilities, power structures, and funding), and makes suggestions for further development of the community college/early childhood relationship.…

Myers, Barbara Kimes; Theobald, Phyllis

1987-01-01

150

Aboriginal Early Childhood Education in Canada: Issues of Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Herein we provide a literature synthesis pertaining to the state of Aboriginal early childhood education in Canada. We identify key features of quality Aboriginal early childhood programs. The background and significance of early childhood education for Aboriginal peoples is explicated. Cultural compatibility theory is employed as the…

Preston, Jane P.; Cottrell, Michael; Pelletier, Terrance R.; Pearce, Joseph V.

2012-01-01

151

Breaking Bread: Spirituality, Food and Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The spiritual aspect of early childhood education is supported by the early childhood curriculum in Aotearoa New Zealand, "Te Whariki". Research in three different early childhood settings presents new perspectives on the everyday experiences of children in terms of spirituality. Each setting formed a case study that included the voices of…

Bone, Jane

2005-01-01

152

Early Childhood Research and Evaluation for State Licensing Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book for state early childhood licensing administrators addresses the problem of obtaining systematic and reliable information about the operation of an early childhood or child care program. The book: (1) provides an introduction to early childhood program evaluation; (2) describes systematic observation techniques; (3) discusses summative…

Fiene, Richard

153

"Learning Stories"--Crossing Borders: Introducing Qualitative Early Childhood Observation Techniques to Early Childhood Practitioners in Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education has become a focus of government policy across the world. Part of the present increased interest in early childhood education has been a focus on curriculum frameworks and socio/cultural methods of assessment. Currently, New Zealand has emerged as a world leader in early childhood education, and observation and assessment…

Nyland, Berenice; Alfayez, Shatha

2012-01-01

154

The Politics of Technology in Early Childhood in Aotearoa/New Zealand: Fitting Early Childhood Educators in the ICT Grid  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article identifies contemporary issues for educators regarding the integration of new technologies in the early childhood education centre, through critical analysis of discourse associated with the integration of new technologies in early childhood services in Aotearoa/New Zealand. A culture of critique is revealed as an early childhood

Gibbons, Andrew Neil

2006-01-01

155

Resistance, Reproduction, Both, or Neither: Exploring the Influence of Early Childhood Professional Development Specialists on the Field of Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article details the findings from a qualitative study that explored the ways individuals who work with early childhood education (ECE) practitioners in professional development settings influenced those practitioners' understandings of early childhood policy and early childhood systems. Defined as individuals who work in the professional…

Gomez, Rebecca E.

2012-01-01

156

Use of child development assessment in early childhood education: early childhood practitioner and student attitudes toward formal and informal testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty early childhood practitioners (ECPs) and final?year Bachelor of Early Childhood Studies students completed a questionnaire about their use (or planned use) of formal and informal child development assessment instruments, their choice of specific instruments, and factors influencing decisions to conduct child development assessments within their early childhood programmes. While most ECPs and all students indicated use (or planned use)

Jacqueline Brown; Sharne A. Rolfe

2005-01-01

157

Early Childhood Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education in Turkey within the Scope of the Developmental System Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article was to provide an overview of early childhood intervention and early childhood special education (ECI/ECSE) services and practices in Turkey by using the Developmental System Approach (M. J. Guralnick, 2001). After pointing out the history of early childhood and ECI/ECSE services and current legislations with regard to…

Diken, Ibrahim H.; Bayhan, Pinar; Turan, Figen; Sipal, R. Firat; Sucuoglu, Bulbin; Ceber-Bakkaloglu, Hatice; Gunel, Mintaze Kerem; Kara, Ozgun Kaya

2012-01-01

158

"Quality" in Early Childhood Programmes--A Contextually Appropriate Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the basis for decision-making about quality in early childhood programs. Challenges the view of universalist assumptions and argues that quality is relative, but not arbitrary. Maintains that quality perspectives depend on a framework of knowledge, beliefs, and values about childhood, child development, and early childhood programs that…

Woodhead, Martin

1998-01-01

159

Making ‘place’ for ecological sustainability in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Culturally, childhood is often understood as a time of innocence which can mean that issues such as ecological sustainability are considered too problematic for early childhood practice. By drawing on findings from a research project that focused on issues of ecological sustainability in early childhood centres in New Zealand from Western and indigenous perspectives, this article contributes a critical perspective

Iris Duhn

2012-01-01

160

Making ‘place’ for ecological sustainability in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Culturally, childhood is often understood as a time of innocence which can mean that issues such as ecological sustainability are considered too problematic for early childhood practice. By drawing on findings from a research project that focused on issues of ecological sustainability in early childhood centres in New Zealand from Western and indigenous perspectives, this article contributes a critical perspective

Iris Duhn

2011-01-01

161

Early Childhood Interventions: Proven Results, Future Promise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A significant amount of intellectual hand wringing has gone on as of late regarding the nature and importance of early childhood intervention programs. Some have claimed that such programs (including Head Start) are inherently a waste of money, while others tout their apparent ability to increase future educational and life opportunities, particularly for the under-privileged. This intriguing research report from the RAND Corporation, authored by Rebecca Kilburn and Jill Cannon, provides compelling evidence suggesting that well-designed programs for disadvantaged children age four and younger can produce economic benefits that are quite significant. The report contends that high quality early childhood programs can "keep children out of expensive special education programs; increase high school graduation rates; reduce juvenile crime, and increase the number of students who go on to college." Stimulating in its approach and its scholarly rigor, this report will be quite useful and helpful to persons interested in such policy issues.

Cannon, Jill S.; Karoly, Lynn A., 1961-; Kilburn, M. R.

2005-01-01

162

Early Childhood Educators' Knowledge of Early Literacy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The foundation of all learning is rooted in the development of language and literacy abilities. Literacy development begins well before children enter school and can accelerate in an early childhood classroom setting. Teacher educators often hear about the importance of literacy development. In particular, the significance of phonological…

Crim, Courtney; Hawkins, Jacqueline; Thornton, Jenifer; Rosof, Holly Boon; Copley, Juanita; Thomas, Emily

2008-01-01

163

[Depressive states in early childhood].  

PubMed

A group of 75 children of early age with depressive states of different origin comprising 25 children at high risk for schizophrenia, 30 orphans and 20 children with consequences of perinatal encephalopathy were examined. Clinical symptoms of these disorders had a number of peculiarities caused by depression origin, risk factors and the age. The most common features are the presence of somatic depression masks, somato-autonomic disturbances and signs of mental and physical retardation. PMID:16329629

Golubeva, N I; Kozlovskaia, G V; Kalinina, M A

2005-01-01

164

Parent Involvement in Early Childhood Home Visiting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review provides an overview of an important aspect of early childhood home visiting research: understanding how parents\\u000a are involved in program services and activities. Involvement is defined as the process of the parent connecting with and using\\u000a the services of a program to the best of the client’s and the program’s ability. The term includes two broad dimensions: participation,

Jon Korfmacher; Beth Green; Fredi Staerkel; Carla Peterson; Gina Cook; Lori Roggman; Richard A. Faldowski; Rachel Schiffman

2008-01-01

165

Early Childhood Technology Education: A Sociocultural Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are living in a fast-changing, technology-driven world, where technology affects the daily lives of every person, directly or indirectly. While the importance of providing young children with technological knowledge and experience has been well-recognized, how the curriculum should be developed deserves greater study. Using early childhood education in Hong Kong as a case study, this paper argues that to

Kin Wai Michael Siu; Mei Seung Lam

2005-01-01

166

Early childhood numeracy in a multiage setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research is a case study examining numeracy teaching and learning practices in an early childhood multiage setting with\\u000a Pre-Primary to Year 2 children. Data were collected via running records, researcher reflection notes, and video and audio\\u000a recordings. Video and audio transcripts were analysed using a mathematical discourse and social interactions coding system\\u000a designed by MacMillan (1998), while the running

Karen Wood; Sandra Frid

2005-01-01

167

Early Childhood Interventions and Outcomes (summarised in CASEreport 5, \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in brain research have provided new evidence that early experience matters and have greatly increased interest in the effects of early childhood interventions on outcomes for children. This paper reviews what is now known about the potential benefits and potential ill effects of early childhood interventions, with particular attention to evidence from the Rand study of early interventions,

Jane Waldfogel

1999-01-01

168

Overview of Play: Its Uses and Importance in Early Intervention/Early Childhood Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Play is a natural activity of early childhood, which has great relevance to the fields of early intervention, early childhood special education, and early childhood education. Within these fields, ongoing tensions persist in how play is described and used. These tensions compromise activities of assessment, intervention, and curriculum development…

Lifter, Karin; Foster-Sanda, Suzanne; Arzamarski, Caley; Briesch, Jacquelyn; McClure, Ellen

2011-01-01

169

General and Specific Childhood Risk Factors for Depression and Drug Disorders by Early Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo identify childhood risk factors that predict depression and drug disorders by early adulthood, distinguishing between general risk factors for both disorders and specific risk factors for each individual disorder.

HELEN Z. REINHERZ; ROSE M. GIACONIA; AMY M. CARMOLA HAUF; MICHELLE S. WASSERMAN; ANGELA D. PARADIS

2000-01-01

170

Exposure to Childhood Sexual and Physical Abuse and Adjustment in Early Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This research examined linkages between exposure to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and childhood physical punishment/abuse (CPA) and mental health issues in early adulthood. Method: The investigation analyzed data from a birth cohort of over 1,000 New Zealand young adults studied to the age of 25. Results: Exposure to CSA and CPA was…

Fergusson, David M.; Boden, Joseph M.; Horwood, L. John

2008-01-01

171

Early childhood education in India: History, trends, issues, and achievements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The changes in the social and economic structure of India have intensified the need for universal early childhood education.\\u000a The formidable challenges before the Indian Government are: to provide high quality early childhood education programs; to\\u000a preserve indigenous practices such as multilinguality, family\\/community involvement, participation of older children as caretakers\\u000a of their younger siblings; and to provide early childhood education

Jyotsna Pattnaik

1996-01-01

172

Quality and equity in early childhood care in Peru  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present study examines educational policy documents and programs on early childhood development and education in Peru. The author provides an evaluation of early childhood learning programs and their outcomes in different education centers in Peru. Health, nutrition, development, and participation are identified as key areas of concern. The study concludes with a reference to the importance of monitoring quality and equity in early childhood care.

Izu, Regina Moromizato

2007-01-01

173

Transitions for Young Children: Creating Connections across Early Childhood Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Smooth early childhood transitions are key to ensuring positive outcomes for young children the world over--but in today's fragmented early education systems, it's difficult to ensure continuity among programs and services. Early childhood professionals will help change that with this book, the first to propose a comprehensive, practical framework…

Kagan, Sharon Lynn, Ed.; Tarrant, Kate, Ed.

2010-01-01

174

From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development reviewed an extensive, multi-disciplinary, and complex body of research covering the period from before birth to entry into Kindergarten to generate an integrated science of early childhood development and the role of early experiences. The result of the committee's review,…

Shonkoff, Jack P., Ed.; Phillips, Deborah A., Ed.

175

Investigating Reported Data Practices in Early Childhood: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of collecting and using data for educational decision making is clear. However, little information has been gathered about the systematic collection and use of data in early childhood. The purpose of this study was to explore teacher perceptions of data collection practices in early childhood. Participants included 137 early

Brawley, Susan; Stormont, Melissa A.

2014-01-01

176

Early Childhood Poverty, Cumulative Risk Exposure, and Body Mass Index Trajectories Through Young Adulthood  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We assessed whether cumulative risk exposure underlies the relation between early childhood poverty and body mass index (BMI) trajectories. Methods. We interviewed youths and their mothers in rural upstate New York (168 boys and 158 girls) from 1995 to 2006 when the youths were aged 9, 13, and 17 years. At each interview, we calculated their BMI-for-age percentile. Results. Early childhood poverty predicted BMI growth trajectories from ages 9 to 17 years (b = 3.64; SE = 1.39; P < .01). Early childhood poverty also predicted changes in cumulative risk (b = 0.31; SE = 0.08; P < .001). Cumulative risk, in turn, predicted BMI trajectories (b = 2.41; SE = 0.75; P < .01). Finally, after we controlled for cumulative risk, the effect of early childhood poverty on BMI trajectories was no longer significant, indicating that cumulative risk exposure mediated the relation between early childhood poverty and BMI trajectories (b = 2.01; SE = 0.94). Conclusions. We show for the first time that early childhood poverty leads to accelerated weight gain over the course of childhood into early adulthood. Cumulative risk exposure during childhood accounts for much of this accelerated weight gain.

Evans, Gary W.; Beavis, Anna; Ong, Anthony D.

2010-01-01

177

Early childhood investments substantially boost adult health.  

PubMed

High-quality early childhood programs have been shown to have substantial benefits in reducing crime, raising earnings, and promoting education. Much less is known about their benefits for adult health. We report on the long-term health effects of one of the oldest and most heavily cited early childhood interventions with long-term follow-up evaluated by the method of randomization: the Carolina Abecedarian Project (ABC). Using recently collected biomedical data, we find that disadvantaged children randomly assigned to treatment have significantly lower prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in their mid-30s. The evidence is especially strong for males. The mean systolic blood pressure among the control males is 143 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), whereas it is only 126 mm Hg among the treated. One in four males in the control group is affected by metabolic syndrome, whereas none in the treatment group are affected. To reach these conclusions, we address several statistical challenges. We use exact permutation tests to account for small sample sizes and conduct a parallel bootstrap confidence interval analysis to confirm the permutation analysis. We adjust inference to account for the multiple hypotheses tested and for nonrandom attrition. Our evidence shows the potential of early life interventions for preventing disease and promoting health. PMID:24675955

Campbell, Frances; Conti, Gabriella; Heckman, James J; Moon, Seong Hyeok; Pinto, Rodrigo; Pungello, Elizabeth; Pan, Yi

2014-03-28

178

Nutritional Iron Deficiency in Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a • The true prevalence of nutritional iron deficiency (ID) in childhood is unclear because of the uncertainty over its definition\\u000a and the insensitivity of markers of ID.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • The major cause in developed countries is likely to be the excessive and early use of cow’s milk and a diet poor in haem\\u000a iron.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • Recent neuro-physiological observations support the many

Robert J. D. Moy

179

Studying Teachers in Early Childhood Settings. Contemporary Perspectives in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These papers reflect the impact that early childhood teachers have on their students when they "stand in front of the classroom" and the effect their performance and characteristics have on children. After "Introduction: Factors that Impact Teacher Quality" (Olivia N. Saracho and Bernard Spodek), 11 papers include: (1) "The Preparation of Teachers…

Saracho, Olivia N., Ed.; Spodek, Bernard, Ed.

180

Early Childhood Policy Focus: Healthy Eating and Physical Activity. Early Childhood Highlights. Volume 2, Issue 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of good nutrition and exercise is well known, and parents have long worried about their children's diets and envied their high energy levels. Like so many life style habits, patterns of nutrition and exercise behaviors are typically established in early childhood. Poor diet and lack of exercise contribute to obesity, which has been…

Murphey, David; Mackintosh, Bonnie; McCoy-Roth, Marci

2011-01-01

181

An Integrated Approach to Early Childhood Education and Care. Early Childhood and Family Policy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report was commissioned as a state-of-the-art paper on policy development and implementation of integrated or coordinated services of early childhood education and care (ECEC) within a systemic perspective. The report compares main ECEC policy issues in developed and developing countries, focusing on practical implications and mechanisms…

Haddad, Lenira

182

Early Childhood Adventures in Peacemaking: A Conflict Resolution Activity Guide for Early Childhood Educators. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This early childhood curriculum (ages 3-6) uses games, music, art, drama, and storytelling to teach young children effective, nonviolent ways to resolve conflicts and provides caregivers with tools for helping young children develop key conflict resolution skills. Following an introductory chapter, Chapter 2 provides guidance in assessing the…

Kreidler, William J.; Whittall, Sandy Tsubokawa

183

Embracing Identities in Early Childhood Education: Diversity and Possibilities. Early Childhood Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on the work of early childhood teachers and teacher educators, this volume provides examples of creative ways in which practitioners and theorists are rethinking their work. Grounded in principles of equity, difference, and the recognition of racial, ethnic, and sexual diversity, the book provides a range of thinking, theorizing, and…

Grieshaber, Susan, Ed.; Cannella, Gaile S., Ed.

184

Early Childhood Trends Worldwide--First Annual World Early Childhood Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on trends in early childhood education in various countries, focusing on educational policy and the role of government. Summarizes trends from Armenia, Canada, Finland, Iceland, India, Japan, Kenya, Mexico, Moldova, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, and Uruguay. (KB)

Neugebauer, Roger

2001-01-01

185

Maternal employment and early childhood overweight: findings from the UK Millennium Cohort Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:In most developed countries, maternal employment has increased rapidly. Changing patterns of family life have been suggested to be contributing to the rising prevalence of childhood obesity.Objectives:Our primary objective was to examine the relationship between maternal and partner employment and overweight in children aged 3 years. Our secondary objective was to investigate factors related to early childhood overweight only among

Summer Sherburne Hawkins; Tim J Cole; Catherine Law

2008-01-01

186

Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Early Childhood Onset Depression  

PubMed Central

Objective Adult major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with reduced cortico-limbic functional connectivity thought to indicate decreased top-down control of emotion. However, it is unclear whether such connectivity alterations are also present in early childhood onset MDD. Method Fifty-one children ages 7–11 years, prospectively studied since preschool age, completed resting state fMRI and were assigned to four groups: 1) C-MDD (N=13) personal history of early childhood onset MDD; 2) M-MDD (N=11) a maternal history of affective disorders; 3) CM-MDD (N=13) both maternal and early childhood onset MDD or 4) CON (N=14) without either a personal or maternal history. We used seed-based resting state functional connectivity (rsfcMRI) analysis in an independent sample of adults to identify networks showing both positive (e.g., limbic regions) and negative (e.g., dorsal frontal/parietal regions) connectivity with the amygdala. These regions were then used in ROI based analyses of our child sample. Results We found a significant interaction between maternal affective disorder history and the child's MDD history for both positive and negative rsfcMRI networks. Specifically, when copared to CON, we found reduced connectivity between the amygdala and the “Negative Network” in children with C-MDD, M-MDD and CM-MDD. Children with either C-MDD or a maternal history of MDD (but not CM-MDD) displayed reduced connectivity between the amygdala and the “Positive Network”. Conclusions Our finding of an attenuated relationship between the amygdala, a region affected in MDD and involved in emotion processing, and cognitive control regions is consistent with a hypothesis of altered regulation of emotional processing in C-MDD suggesting developmental continuity of this alteration into early childhood.

Luking, Katherine R.; Repovs, Grega; Belden, Andy C.; Gaffrey, Michael S.; Botteron, Kelly N.; Luby, Joan L.; Barch, Deanna M.

2011-01-01

187

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Child Health in Early Adolescence  

PubMed Central

Objective 1) Examine the relationship between previous adverse childhood experiences and somatic complaints and health problems in early adolescence, and 2) examine the role of the timing of adverse exposures. Design Prospective analysis of the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect interview data when children were 4, 6, 8, 12 and 14 years old. Setting Children reported or at risk for maltreatment in the South, East, Midwest, Northwest, and Southwest United States LONGSCAN sites Participants 933 children. Main Exposures Eight categories of adversity (psychological maltreatment, physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, caregiver’s substance use/alcohol abuse, caregiver’s depressive symptoms, caregiver treated violently, and criminal behavior by household member) experienced during the first 6 years of life, the second six years of life, the most recent 2 years, and overall adversity Outcome Measures Child health problems including poor health, illness requiring a doctor, somatic complaints and any health problem at age 14. Results More than 90% of the youth had experienced an adverse childhood event by age 14. There was a graded relationship between adverse childhood exposures and any health problem, while 2 and ?3 adverse exposures were associated with somatic complaints. Recent adversity uniquely predicted poor health, somatic complaints and any health problem. Conclusions Childhood adversities, particularly recent adversities, already impair the health of young adolescents. Increased efforts to prevent and mitigate these experiences may improve the health of adolescents and adults.

Flaherty, Emalee G.; Thompson, Richard; Dubowitz, Howard; Harvey, Elizabeth M; English, Diana J.; Everson, Mark D.; Proctor, Laura J.; Runyan, Desmond K.

2013-01-01

188

76 FR 32967 - Proposed Extensions and Waivers: National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Extensions and Waivers: National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center AGENCY...period and waiver for the National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center...year (FY) 2006 for a National Early Childhood Technical Assistance...

2011-06-07

189

76 FR 50201 - National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center; Final Extension of Project Period and Waiver  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CFDA No. 84.326H] National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center...period and waiver for the National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center...the currently funded National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center...

2011-08-12

190

77 FR 52702 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Institute of Education Sciences; Early Childhood...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Education Sciences; Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten...Third-Grade Recruitment SUMMARY: The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten...child assessments. Like the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study,...

2012-08-30

191

76 FR 12977 - Advisory Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation...on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation...on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program...

2011-03-09

192

78 FR 44553 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Early Childhood Longitudinal Study...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Activities; Comment Request; Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten...records. Title of Collection: Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten...Hours: 52,702. Abstract: The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study,...

2013-07-24

193

Response to Intervention: Implications for Early Childhood Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss the importance of building strong early childhood communities of interdisciplinary practice in the application of a comprehensive curriculum framework. A curriculum framework is proposed as a means of applying and extending the principles of response to intervention (RtI) to early childhood

Jackson, Sarah; Pretti-Frontczak, Kristie; Harjusola-Webb, Sanna; Grisham-Brown, Jennifer; Romani, Jeanne M.

2009-01-01

194

Diagnostic Assessment in Early Childhood Special Education Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative case studies of four early childhood special education programs selected to represent a variety of approaches to early childhood special education decision making, as well as different community settings (urban, suburban, and rural), were detailed. Case analyses specified issues in diagnostic assessment and were used to develop a set of programmatic guidelines for diagnostic assessment.

Martha L. Thurlow; James E. Ysseldyke; Camilla A. Lehr; Paula A. Nania

1989-01-01

195

Individualized Inclusion Plans at Work in Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article begins with a vignette about Carla, a 4-year-old girl with a diagnosis of developmental delays. It then describes a model to facilitate inclusion of young children in early childhood settings. The authors developed this model as they worked with practicing early childhood professionals. The model places emphasis on the following…

Hollingsworth, Heidi L.; Boone, Harriet Able; Crais, Elizabeth R.

2009-01-01

196

Literature Sources in Elementary and Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliometric study assesses literature sources of elementary and early childhood education documents by examining, over a 30-month period, documents entered into the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) data base by the ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education. The document collection is sorted into three…

Sani, Ruta Bulderis

197

Early Childhood Special Education in the Year 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to examine factors that may influence the direction of Early Childhood Special Education by the year 2000. The authors Identified factors that are internal to early childhood special education and special education in general, as well as factors external to the field. On the basis of their analysis, they offer predictions about least restrictive

Samuel L. Odom; Steven F. Warren

1988-01-01

198

Getting Men Involved: Strategies for Early Childhood Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a guide for early childhood professionals, this book outlines specific success strategies for getting men--fathers or any significant male in a child's life--involved in early childhood education and child care, moving away from the traditional view of these fields as women's domains. The first section of the guide focuses on…

Levine, James A.; And Others

199

Australian Research in Early Childhood Education. Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume consists of selected refereed papers from the fourth annual conference on Australian Research in Early Childhood Education. The papers represent a cross-section of research interests in the field of early childhood education, care, and development. Differing methodologies are also featured in this issue. The papers are: (1) "Ethics in…

Fleer, Marilyn, Ed.

1997-01-01

200

Early childhood development in Latin America and the Caribbean  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is considerable evidence that young children in many developing countries suffer from profound deficits in nutrition, health, fine and gross motor skills, cognitive development, and socio-emotional development. Early childhood development (ECD) outcomes are important markers of the welfare of children. In addition, the deleterious effects of poor outcomes in early childhood can be long-lasting, affecting school attainment, employment, wages,

Norbert Rüdiger Schady

2006-01-01

201

Writing Research Articles for Publication in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Published research results in early childhood education contribute to the field's knowledge, theory, and practice. They also guide future early childhood education research studies. The publication of research articles is an essential requirement for academics. For some researchers, however, writing may be a difficult activity, particularly the…

Saracho, Olivia N.

2013-01-01

202

Early Childhood Teacher Institutions Listed. NCEDL Spotlights, No. 22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of the NCEDL Spotlights series announces the availability of a national directory of institutions offering programs for early childhood teachers, "The National Directory of Early Childhood Teacher Preparation Institutions," published by NCEDL and the Council for Professional Recognition. The directory contains listings for nearly 1,400…

National Center for Early Development & Learning, Chapel Hill, NC.

203

Quick and Easy Adaptations and Accommodations for Early Childhood Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research-based information is used to support the idea of the use of adaptations and accommodations for early childhood students who have varying disabilities. Multiple adaptations and accommodations are outlined. A step-by-step plan is provided on how to make specific adaptations and accommodations to fit the specific needs of early childhood

Breitfelder, Leisa M.

2008-01-01

204

Classroom Effects of an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development Partnership  

Microsoft Academic Search

We evaluated an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development (ECEPD) project that provided high-quality, sustained, and intensive professional development designed to support developmentally appropriate instruction for preschool-age children based on the best available research on early childhood pedagogy, child development, and preschool learning. Participating teachers in ECEPD classrooms received extensive, intensive, and continuous professional development and coaching on critical features of

Bob Algozzine; Julie Babb; Kate Algozzine; Maryann Mraz; Brian Kissel; Sedra Spano; Kimberly Foxworth

2011-01-01

205

Stress in Early Childhood: Helping Children and Their Carers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers practical and effective strategies for stress management for both early childhood staff and the children in their care. Here, the author uncovers valuable insights into the causes of stress and outlines a range of activities to counteract it. Early childhood practitioners know that theirs is both a stressful and rewarding…

Thomas, Patrice

2006-01-01

206

Early childhood education in Turkey: A brief outlook  

Microsoft Academic Search

This brief paper describes the present status of early childhood education in Turkey. Special attention was given to lack of provisions for early childhood education for the children of rural as compared to the urban areas. The role of the teacher as a community educator in rural areas was particularly stressed and provisions for the Gecekondu's children were mentioned.

Gül Aydin

1994-01-01

207

Service Learning: Field Experience for Advanced Early Childhood Degree Candidates  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the development of advanced degrees in early childhood education and the accompanying professional standards (National Association for Education of Young Children [NAEYC], 2002; National Board for Professional Teacher Standards [NBPTS], 2001, advanced early childhood programs are called to reach beyond the university classroom walls into the community in collaborative experiences. This paper reviews the changing context of teacher education,

Leslie J. Couse; Barbara Chorzempa

2005-01-01

208

Promoting School and Life Success Through Early Childhood Family Literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood family literacy programs have great potential to positively influence children and families. This article\\u000a presents the core values and key components of high quality early childhood family literacy programs. The benefits and cost\\u000a effectiveness of these programs are also discussed.

Kevin J. Swick

2009-01-01

209

The Economic Development Effects of Early Childhood Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project provided estimates of the economic development effects (the creation of jobs and earnings) of early childhood programs other than pre-K programs. At the state level, the effects involve the jobs created and earnings created for state residents by investments in early childhood programs. The project also provided estimates of the jobs and earnings for state residents created per

Bartik Timothy J

2007-01-01

210

Early Childhood Programs in Other Nations: Goals and Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

United States interest in the potential early childhood programs have for improving outcomes for children is shared by policymakers and researchers in many other nations. Throughout the world, enrollments in preschool and child care programs are rising. This article reviews international research documenting how participation in early childhood programs influenced children's later development and success in school. Studies conducted in

Sarane Spence Boocock

1995-01-01

211

Influences on children's competence in early childhood classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to examine the contributions of classroom context (activity settings, teacher behavior, contact with peers and teachers) to children's cognitive and social competence in early childhood classrooms. One-hundred fourteen children (61 girls; Mage = 51.7 months) were observed in their early childhood classrooms during free play time. Children's cognitive and social competence were measured by

Susan Kontos; Amanda Wilcox-Herzog

1997-01-01

212

Motivation, Work Satisfaction, and Teacher Change Among Early Childhood Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tests the explanatory power of Deci and Ryan's (1985) self-determination theory as a framework for describing how interactions between early childhood teachers and the systems within which their work is embedded influence motivation for professional growth and change in teaching practice. Fifty-four early childhood teachers and teacher assistants participated in a yearlong professional development program comprising monthly workshops

Brigid Daly Wagner; Lucia French

2010-01-01

213

Early Childhood Education and Teacher Development in Kenya: Lessons Learned  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article draws from the authors' experiences over several years in early childhood education research and professional development activities in Kenya. Both authors have conducted national studies in collaboration with leaders of the National Centre for Early Childhood Education (NACECE) in Nairobi. This article synthesizes findings from these studies, focusing on the national and district systems of preschool teacher training

Diane Adams; Beth Blue Swadener

2000-01-01

214

Setting the Stage for Lifetime Physical Activity in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to provide a rationale and suggestions for emphasizing health-related physical education in preschool settings. In order to accomplish this, it will examine what is currently known about early childhood physical activity, as well as the existing professional preparation and accreditation standards for early childhood

Schneider, Holly; Lounsbery, Monica

2008-01-01

215

Early Childhood Teacher Research: From Questions to Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is early childhood teacher research and why is it important? How does a teacher researcher formulate a research question and a plan for doing research? How do teachers apply research results to effect change? "Early Childhood Teacher Research" is an exciting new resource that will address the sorts of questions and concerns that pre- and…

Castle, Kathryn

2011-01-01

216

Learning with Technology for Pre-Service Early Childhood Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an innovative pilot project at the University of Canberra aimed at providing pre-service early childhood teachers with the skills, confidence and ideological change required to include technology-enhanced learning as part of the early childhood curriculum. The impact of the project was evaluated through participant…

Campbell, Anne; Scotellaro, Grazia

2009-01-01

217

Conversations about Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the work of early childhood educators is often complex, variable, and individualized, this booklet brings together a range of teacher stories that describe such work across many settings. A number of challenges for early childhood education are described, and a host of innovative teaching ideas are presented in an attempt to describe…

Fleer, Marilyn, Ed.

218

Emerging Trends and Issues in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten selected emerging trends in the field of early childhood education are discussed in this conference address: (1) a reevaluation of the view that early childhood education is a panacea; (2) greater emphasis on planned continuity between kindergartens and the primary grades; (3) increased use of multi-age grouping; (4) need for parenthood…

McIntyre, Margaret

219

The Inquiry Process in Early Childhood Education: An Exploratory Essay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many of the precepts that characterize the conceptual and practical work of early childhood education have emerged from "inquiry" that focused on interpretive and qualitative features of the lives of teachers, children, and parents. This paper examines the continuing development of a wide range of "inquiry" approaches in early childhood education…

Swick, Kevin J.

220

Investing in Michigan's Future: Meeting the Early Childhood Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents results from research into the effects of early childhood programs on their participants, particularly low-income and at-risk children. The studies described offer evidence on the long-term effects of high quality early childhood programs. Such programs can have long-lasting positive effects on children and their families,…

Schweinhart, Lawrence J.; Fulcher-Dawson, Rachel

2006-01-01

221

Promoting School and Life Success through Early Childhood Family Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood family literacy programs have great potential to positively influence children and families. This article presents the core values and key components of high quality early childhood family literacy programs. The benefits and cost effectiveness of these programs are also discussed.

Swick, Kevin J.

2009-01-01

222

Retention of Staff in the Early Childhood Education Workforce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What incentives can the administrators of early childhood education facilities offer their staff in order to retain them? In light of research identifying low staff turnover as a key component of high quality early childhood education, the answer to this question has ramifications beyond human-resources management. This paper presents the results…

Holochwost, Steven J.; DeMott, Kerri; Buell, Martha; Yannetta, Kelly; Amsden, Deborah

2009-01-01

223

Preparing Early Childhood Special Educators for Inclusive Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe experienced practitioners' beliefs about inclusion and their perceptions of what early childhood special education (ECSE) preservice teachers need to know and be able to do to effectively support early childhood inclusion. This study used a sequential explanatory mixed methods approach to describe the…

Hooper, Belinda Bourne

2011-01-01

224

First Steps: Stories on Inclusion in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents papers from 13 nations that describe the integration of children with disabilities into early childhood education programs. The compilation of case studies will serve as a reference document for the International Consultation on Early Childhood Education and Special Educational Needs, organized by UNESCO in collaboration…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

225

Building an Early Childhood Professional Development System. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The knowledge, skills, and practices of early childhood care providers and teachers are critical factors in their delivery of high-quality developmental and educational experiences to young children. However, studies have found that the majority of professionals that make up the current early childhood workforce are not adequately prepared. Recent…

NGA Center for Best Practices, 2010

2010-01-01

226

Preparing Teachers for Inclusion: Jordanian Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted during a period of national educational reforms in Jordan to investigate Jordanian preservice early childhood teachers' attitudes toward inclusion and the adequacy of their current preparation for implementing inclusion. The study also sought to identify the perceived concerns of preservice early childhood teachers about…

Fayez, Merfat; Dababneh, Kholoud; Jumiaan, Ibrahim

2011-01-01

227

Australian Early Childhood Educators: From Government Policy to University Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of the Australian Federal Government initiatives in the area of early childhood with regard to the provision of early childhood education and care. These changes have influenced a Western Australian university to develop an innovative birth to 8 years preservice educator education curriculum. Using an ecological…

Davies, Sharon; Trinidad, Sue

2013-01-01

228

Accompanying Early Childhood Professional Reflection in Quebec: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the views of professionals from the Centre for Assistance and Support to Initiatives, Organisations, and Professionals in Early Childhood (CASIOPE) and its member organizations on how reflective practice in early childhood professional learning is understood, put into practice, and evaluated. Findings from this case study…

Lehrer, Joanne S.

2013-01-01

229

Unsettling Representational Practices: Inhabiting Relational Becomings in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to unsettle representational practices enacted through dominant multicultural pedagogical approaches in the early childhood classroom. Drawing from a research study in early childhood centers that investigated practitioners' and children's negotiations of racial difference, I explore how multicultural pedagogical approaches in…

Nxumalo, Fikile

2012-01-01

230

Early Childhood Education: History, Theory, and Practice. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Harry Morgan lays the foundations of what early childhood education is by integrating the history of the field with the philosophy and theories behind this discipline. From birth to age eight, when children become integrated into society through their education at school and at home, "Early Childhood Education" examines the education of this age…

Morgan, Harry

2010-01-01

231

Teaching Practices that Promote Motor Skills in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood educators, especially those in preschool centers, are often expected to design and implement movement programs. However, these individuals may not have been taught these skills during their education. The purpose of this study was to determine if early childhood majors could successfully be taught to implement a mastery climate…

Robinson, Leah E.; Webster, E. Kipling; Logan, S. Wood; Lucas, W. Amarie; Barber, Laura T.

2012-01-01

232

Assessment Practices and Training Needs of Early Childhood Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment plays a critical role in the planning and delivery of quality services for young children and their families. The purpose of this study was to identify the current assessment practices and training needs of early childhood professionals. A large sample of early childhood professionals responded to a comprehensive survey. The most…

Banerjee, Rashida; Luckner, John L.

2013-01-01

233

Competence Requirements in Early Childhood Education and Care. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the findings of a European research project jointly conducted by the University of East London (UEL) and the University of Ghent (UGent). The "study on competence requirements in early childhood education and care" (CoRe) explored conceptualisations of "competence" and professionalism in early childhood practice, and…

Urban, Mathias; Vandenbroeck, Michel; Lazzari, Arianna; Van Laere, Katrien; Peeters, Jan

2012-01-01

234

"It's More than Care": Early Childhood Educators' Concepts of Professionalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on the findings from a small-scale study of early childhood educators' perceptions of their roles, responsibilities and ideas related to professionalism. Twenty-five early childhood educators from Canada (Ontario), Nigeria and South Africa participated in qualitative interviews to address the following questions: (1) In what…

Harwood, Debra; Klopper, Audrey; Osanyin, Ajike; Vanderlee, Mary-Louise

2013-01-01

235

Quality and Equity in Early Childhood Care in Peru  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examines educational policy documents and programs on early childhood development and education in Peru. The author provides an evaluation of early childhood learning programs and their outcomes in different education centers in Peru. Health, nutrition, development, and participation are identified as key areas of concern. The…

Izu, Regina Moromizato

2006-01-01

236

Supporting Early Childhood Educators through Professional Development Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the findings of a study that examined instruction in early childhood classrooms where teachers participated in high-quality, sustained, and intensive professional development through an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development partnership on literacy practices essential to school success. Comparisons made between…

Mraz, Maryann

2011-01-01

237

Teacher Training for Early Childhood Development and Education in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The training of early childhood development and education (ECDE) teachers in Kenya remains a priority in recognition of the vital role well-trained professionals play in the quality of early childhood experiences for children ages 0+ to 5+. This article provides a detailed overview of the current structure and training of ECDE professionals,…

Mbugua, Tata

2009-01-01

238

Classroom Effects of an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development (ECEPD) project that provided high-quality, sustained, and intensive professional development designed to support developmentally appropriate instruction for preschool-age children based on the best available research on early childhood pedagogy, child development, and preschool…

Algozzine, Bob; Babb, Julie; Algozzine, Kate; Mraz, Maryann; Kissel, Brian; Spano, Sedra; Foxworth, Kimberly

2011-01-01

239

Teacher Training for Early Childhood Development and Education in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

The training of early childhood development and education (ECDE) teachers in Kenya remains a priority in recognition of the vital role well-trained professionals play in the quality of early childhood experiences for children ages 0+ to 5+. This article provides a detailed overview of the current structure and training of ECDE professionals, including pedagogical strategies and curricular guidelines. Specific attention

Tata Mbugua

2009-01-01

240

Early Childhood Investment Yields Big Payoff. Policy Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent studies have found that investing in high-quality early childhood development (ECD) programs can positively impact children, their families, taxpayers, and the government. Studies suggest that one critical form of education, early childhood development is grossly under-funded and managed, investment in ECD yields an extraordinary return on…

Lynch, Robert G.

2005-01-01

241

Researching Early Childhood Policy and Practice. A Critical Ecology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the renewed interest in early childhood education and care in European politics, and the implications for research in changing policy contexts. Based on the policy analysis, it argues for a radical reconceptualisation of how, with and for whom, and to what end we design, conduct and interpret research in early childhood in…

Urban, Mathias

2012-01-01

242

Parental Conceptions of Quality in Greek Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the current study was to examine the assessments of parents of the quality of early childhood education (ECE) in Greece. Five hundred and fifty three preschoolers' parents participated in this study providing quality and importance ratings based on the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale Parent Questionnaire (ECERSPQ) for the…

Grammatikopoulos, Vasilis; Gregoriadis, Athanasios; Tsigilis, Nikolaos; Zachopoulou, Evridiki

2014-01-01

243

Early Childhood Music Education in Taiwan: An Ecological Systems Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examines early childhood music education in Taiwan through Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory. Factors in the microsystem level that influenced the musical development of children included adult perception of children, child-adult interactions, Taiwanese family structure, and the existing early childhood education system. The…

Leu, Jennifer Chau-Ying

2008-01-01

244

Surprising Destinations: A Guide to Essential Learning in Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the experience of two early childhood teachers in a research-based collaborative effort to join a preschool class with a first-second grade class for various learning projects, this book offers a model for an approach to early childhood curriculum. The curriculum integrates art, science, gardening, celebrations, intergenerational program…

Glover, Mary Kenner; Giacalone, Beth

245

Women's Role in Early Childhood Education in Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights women's influence on the development of early childhood education in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Europe. Traces the development of schools, the growth of women's influence, nineteenth-century trends, and the role of male educators. Offers brief biographical sketches of female early childhood education pioneers and notes…

Balke, Eva

1993-01-01

246

Aesthetic Discourses in Early Childhood Settings: Dewey, Steiner, and Vygotsky  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood, when young children are already capable of undergoing aesthetic experience, must be the starting point for aesthetic education. Despite increasing attention to the significant values of the arts in early childhood classrooms, no theoretical framework to support aesthetic education has been established. This article introduces the…

Lim, Booyeun

2004-01-01

247

A Nordic Perspective on Early Childhood Education and Care Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The national policies and historical roots of early childhood education (ECE) vary from society to society. In the Nordic countries, early childhood education and care (ECEC) policies have been built in the context of the welfare state. As such, they are closely connected to other welfare policy areas such as social policy, family policy and…

Karila, Kirsti

2012-01-01

248

Making the Case for Early Childhood Investments: Three Arguments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tamar Manuelyan Atinc, vice president of The World Bank, introduces a World Bank report, "Investing in Young Children: An Early Childhood Development Guide for Policy Dialogue and Project Preparation". This report, which is a must for inclusion in every advocate's make the case for investing in early childhood services. It defines three arguments…

Neugebauer, Roger

2011-01-01

249

Literacy in Early Childhood and Primary Education: Issues, Challenges, Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy in Early Childhood and Primary Education provides a comprehensive introduction to literacy teaching and learning. The book explores the continuum of literacy learning and children's transitions from early childhood settings to junior primary classrooms and then to senior primary and beyond. Reader-friendly and accessible, this book equips…

McLachlan, Claire; Nicholson, Tom; Fielding-Barnsley, Ruth; Mercer, Louise; Ohi, Sarah

2012-01-01

250

Starting Strong: Early Childhood Education and Care. Education and Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing that cross-national information and analysis can contribute to the improvement of policy development related to quality early childhood education and care (ECEC), the Education Committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) launched the Thematic Review of Early Childhood Education and Care Policy in 1998.…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

251

Learning a Music Instrument in Early Childhood: What Can We Learn from Professional Musicians' Childhood Memories?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional early childhood educators are often asked for advice about whether or when a young child should learn to play a music instrument. Many educators who do not have a background in music education may not be confident in providing such advice. A range of overseas research has supported learning a music instrument in the early childhood

Smith, Wyverne

2008-01-01

252

Early childhood risk and resilience factors for behavioural and emotional problems in middle childhood  

PubMed Central

Background Mental disorders in childhood have a considerable health and societal impact but the associated negative consequences may be ameliorated through early identification of risk and protective factors that can guide health promoting and preventive interventions. The objective of this study was to inform health policy and practice through identification of demographic, familial and environmental factors associated with emotional or behavioural problems in middle childhood, and the predictors of resilience in the presence of identified risk factors. Methods A cohort of 706 mothers followed from early pregnancy was surveyed at six to eight years post-partum by a mail-out questionnaire, which included questions on demographics, children’s health, development, activities, media and technology, family, friends, community, school life, and mother’s health. Results Although most children do well in middle childhood, of 450 respondents (64% response rate), 29.5% and 25.6% of children were found to have internalising and externalising behaviour problem scores in the lowest quintile on the NSCLY Child Behaviour Scales. Independent predictors for problem behaviours identified through multivariable logistic regression modelling included being male, demographic risk, maternal mental health risk, poor parenting interactions, and low parenting morale. Among children at high risk for behaviour problems, protective factors included high maternal and child self-esteem, good maternal emotional health, adequate social support, good academic performance, and adequate quality parenting time. Conclusions These findings demonstrate that several individual and social resilience factors can counter the influence of early adversities on the likelihood of developing problem behaviours in middle childhood, thus informing enhanced public health interventions for this understudied life course phase.

2014-01-01

253

Childhood maltreatment, object relations, and suicidal behavior in women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Findings from a study examining object relations (OR) as a mediator of the link between childhood maltreatment and suicidal behavior in a sample of predominantly low-income, African American women (suicide attempters: n = 53; nonat- tempters: n = 106) revealed that each OR dimension fully, yet differentially, mediated specific links between 5 types of child- hood maltreatment (sexual, physical, and

Heather B. Twomey; Nadine J. Kaslow; Shannon Croft

2000-01-01

254

Iron Deficiency in Early Childhood in the United States: Risk Factors and Racial\\/Ethnic Disparities  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND.Iron deficiency affects 2.4 million US children, and childhood iron- deficiency anemia is associated with behavioral and cognitive delays. Given the detrimental long-term effects and high prevalence of iron deficiency, its preven- tion in early childhood is an important public health issue. OBJECTIVES.The study objectives were to (1) identify risk factors for iron deficiency in US children 1 to 3

Jane M. Brotanek; Jacqueline Gosz; Michael Weitzman; Glenn Flores

2010-01-01

255

Early Childhood Education: A Call to Action from the Business Community. Why America Needs High-Quality Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

America's continuing efforts to improve education and develop a world-class workforce will be hampered without a federal and state commitment to early childhood education (ECE) for 3- and 4-year-olds. The Business Roundtable and Corporate Voices for Working Families believe federal and state efforts to develop such early childhood systems must be…

Business Roundtable, Washington, DC.

256

Connecting Emergent Curriculum and Standards in the Early Childhood Classroom: Strengthening Content and Teaching Practice. Early Childhood Education Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most pressing challenge in early childhood education today is to find a way to meet the standards within a developmentally appropriate approach. In this book, two active early childhood educators provide teachers with resources to bring content alive and document it in every-day, action-based pre-K and Kindergarten classrooms. The book…

Schwartz, Sydney L.; Copeland, Sherry M.

2010-01-01

257

The Impact of Government Regulations on Early Childhood Services: Perceptions of Early Childhood Professionals in the South West of England  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the impact of government regulations pertaining to the operation of a range of early childhood services on day to day practice within such services. A non random sample of twenty four early childhood service managers in the south west of England participated in structured interviews in order to assess their awareness of existing government regulations and to

Jillian Rodd

1999-01-01

258

Early Childhood Services in the OECD Countries: Review of the literature and current policy in the early childhood field  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this publication is to provide a review of the literature and current policies of early childhood education and care in the economically most advanced countries of the world. The introductory chapter provides some basic definitions: what is meant by 'early childhood services' both in the narrow sense of care and education services for young children (family day

John Bennett

2008-01-01

259

Use of Child Development Assessment in Early Childhood Education: Early Childhood Practitioner and Student Attitudes toward Formal and Informal Testing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty early childhood practitioners (ECPs) and final-year Bachelor of Early Childhood Studies students completed a questionnaire about their use (or planned use) of formal and informal child development assessment instruments, their choice of specific instruments, and factors influencing decisions to conduct child development assessments within…

Brown, Jacqueline; Rolfe, Sharne A.

2005-01-01

260

Frequency of Six Early Childhood Education Approaches: A 10-Year Content Analysis of Early Childhood Education Journal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The frequency of early childhood education approaches spanning 10 years of publications was investigated. A content analysis of publications (N = 492) from "Early Childhood Education Journal" was conducted. From a previous content analysis six approaches or search words were identified: Bank Street, Head Start, High/Scope, Montessori, Reggio…

Walsh, Bridget A.; Petty, Karen

2007-01-01

261

Kaupapa Kaimahi, Nga Kaitaunaki Kohungahunga = Corporate Plan, Early Childhood Development Unit, 1 July 1992 to 30 June 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report outlines the 1992-93 objectives for the Early Childhood Development Unit (ECDU), an organization that promotes high quality early childhood education, and parent and family involvement in education, in New Zealand. The report includes: (1) a statement of purpose; (2) guiding principles; (3) a statement concerning the responsibilities…

Early Childhood Development Unit, Wellington (New Zealand).

262

Electrophysiological investigation of source memory in early childhood.  

PubMed

Recollection is well-characterized in adults and school-aged children, yet little is known about how this ability develops in early childhood. This study utilized a behavioral source memory paradigm and event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine recollection in early childhood. ERPs were compared between items whose context was remembered and forgotten as well as new items. Activity late in the electrophysiological response showed a "recollection" effect, which differentiated items with correct source judgments from all others. This study is unique in that it is the first to provide information regarding the spatiotemporal dynamics of the neural networks underlying recollection during early childhood. PMID:23573796

Riggins, Tracy; Rollins, Leslie; Graham, Meghan

2013-01-01

263

Maternal nutrition and oral health factors in early childhood caries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most common chronic infectious disease of childhood worldwide. Seven of ten American children have one or more decayed or filled primary teeth by age five. ECC prevalence is especially high in lower socio-economic ethnic populations. Commonly recognized as a diet-induced disease, focal etiological factors include cariogenic bacteria, fermentable carbohydrates, and a susceptible newly

Sue Etta Daily Cunningham

2007-01-01

264

Tensions in Incorporating Global Childhood with Early Childhood Programs: The Case of South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Global childhood as a concept privileges western ideals of how young children experience growing up, how adults educate them, and how priorities are set for them. Ways of knowing and doing early childhood are backed by Euro-American knowledge, international conventions and scientific evidence which gives a semblance of the truths for intervening…

Ebrahim, Hasina

2012-01-01

265

Providing Optimal Opportunities: Structuring Practicum Experiences in Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education Preservice Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An approach to designing field-based practicum opportunities for preservice students is described. First, the importance of quality field experiences is presented, together with a conceptual framework. Second, foundational and philosophical perspectives in early childhood and early intervention (EI) and early childhood special education (ECSE)…

Macy, Marisa; Squires, Jane K.; Barton, Erin E.

2009-01-01

266

Are Minority Children Disproportionately Represented in Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated whether and to what extent children who are racial-ethnic minorities are disproportionately represented in early intervention and/or early childhood special education (EI/ECSE). We did so by analyzing a large sample of 48-month-olds (N = 7,950) participating in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), a…

Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Maczuga, Steve

2012-01-01

267

From Early Intervention to Early Childhood Programs: Timeline for Early Successful Transitions (TEST)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than one million transitions between early intervention services and early childhood programs are facilitated annually for youngsters with special needs. To be successful, these transitions require planning and ongoing communication between all parties. This article substantiates the need for a timeline/checklist and provides a model of…

Brandes, Joyce A.; Ormsbee, Christine K.; Haring, Kathryn A.

2007-01-01

268

Enquiring teachers and democratic politics: transformations in New Zealand’s early childhood education landscape  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considerable interest has emerged in policy frameworks to sustain and encourage democratic participation and responsive pedagogy in early childhood education. Using findings from an evaluation of New Zealand’s strategic plan for early childhood education, this article highlights ways in which policy initiatives interacted to support such processes. Universal funding for free early childhood education made access to early childhood education

Linda Mitchell

2011-01-01

269

Global Perspectives on Early Childhood Education. Proceedings from the Global Perspectives on Early Childhood Education Workshop (Washington, DC, April 6-7, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A workshop on Global Perspectives on Early Childhood Education brought together leading experts on preschool education and early learning in other countries. The workshop was intended to stimulate the exchange of ideas on early childhood education by providing an opportunity for early childhood educators, researchers, and policy experts from…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

270

Similar Developmental Trajectories in Autism and Asperger Syndrome: From Early Childhood to Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The objective of this study was to chart the developmental trajectories of high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) from early childhood to adolescence using the presence and absence of structural language impairment (StrLI) as a way of differentiating autism from Asperger syndrome (AS). Method: Sixty-four…

Szatmari, Peter; Bryson, Susan; Duku, Eric; Vaccarella, Liezanne; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Bennett, Teresa; Boyle, Michael H.

2009-01-01

271

An eco-behavioral approach to examining the contextual effects of early childhood classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to determine what child characteristics (age, gender, language) and classroom characteristics (activity, teacher involvement) typically accompany complex interactions with objects and peers in ethnically diverse early childhood classrooms, and whether global classroom quality contributes additional variance to children’s interactions with objects and peers when child and classroom characteristics are accounted for. Two hundred and

Susan Kontos; Margaret Burchinal; Carollee Howes; Steve Wisseh; Ellen Galinsky

2002-01-01

272

The Early Childhood Program and the Community: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is designed to help the Child Development Associate (CDA) intern view early childhood programs in relationship to the community as a whole. Objectives are stipulated, activities for achieving each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is provided. A study guide emphasized (1) the importance of community understanding and…

Foster, Cheryl

273

Low Dairy Intake in Early Childhood Predicts Excess Body Fat Gain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To estimate the effect of dairy intake in early childhood on the acquisition of body fat throughout childhood.Research Methods and Procedures: Ninety-nine of the original 106 families enrolled in the Framingham Children’s Study with a child age to 6 years at baseline were followed into adolescence through yearly clinic visits and periodic data collection throughout each year. Dairy intake

Lynn L. Moore; M. Loring Bradlee; Di Gao; Martha R. Singer

2006-01-01

274

The Case for an Early Childhood Development Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prenal and early childhood experiences have a more powerfull and longlasting effect on subsequent health, well-being and competence than had been previously thought. The new evidence supporting this claim is rich in implications for policy in Canada.

C. Hertzman

2000-01-01

275

Start Young: Early Childhood Science Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

You asked for it--now you've got it! In a focus group at a recent NSTA convention, teachers of prekindergarten through second grade clamored for help. They do want easy-to-do science activities they can use for everyday teaching. But they don't want to be forced to adapt material meant for older children. So here's the solution. Start Young! offers a wealth of simple educational activities designed to use right away with even the littlest scientists. The book includes a chapter of helpful background on the latest thinking about effective ways to introduce science in early childhood. But the bulk of the book is two dozen articles compiled from Science and Children, NSTA's award-winning journal for elementary school teachers. Among the topics: � Playful science activities for young children � The science and mathematics of building structures � Planning a Rock Day � What makes miniature sleds go, go, go � Figuring out how big is big and how big is small � Learning about birds, flight, ponds, and the environment � Creating science centers for all students Everyone who works with young children knows how eager they are to see, smell, hear, and touch the world around them. Encourage that natural curiosity while laying a foundation for a lifetime of learning about science. Start Young! is the age-appropriate resource to help you start them off right.

2006-01-01

276

Early childhood numeracy in a multiage setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research is a case study examining numeracy teaching and learning practices in an early childhood multiage setting with Pre-Primary to Year 2 children. Data were collected via running records, researcher reflection notes, and video and audio recordings. Video and audio transcripts were analysed using a mathematical discourse and social interactions coding system designed by MacMillan (1998), while the running records and reflection notes contributed to descriptions of the children's interactions with each other and with the teachers. Teachers used an `assisted performance' approach to instruction that supported problem solving and inquiry processes in mathematics activities, and this, combined with a child-centred pedagogy and specific values about community learning, created a learning environment designed to stimulate and foster learning. The mathematics discourse analysis showed a use of explanatory language in mathematics discourse, and this language supported scaffolding among children for new mathematics concepts. These and other interactions related to peer sharing, tutoring and regulation also emerged as key aspects of students' learning practices. However, the findings indicated that multiage grouping alone did not support learning. Rather, effective learning was dependent upon the teacher's capacities to develop productive discussion among children, as well as implement developmentally appropriate curricula that addressed the needs of the different children.

Wood, Karen; Frid, Sandra

2005-10-01

277

Scaffolding conceptual change in early childhood  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The general educational literature draws our attention to the limitations of Piaget’s work and presents a number of interesting ideas that science educators and researchers could consider. Of interest are Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky’s writings on the zone of proximal development and the more recent writings of Jerome Bruner on scaffolding. The notion of learning as a a socially constructed process in opposition to the more individualistic orientation of Piaget has challenged much of our educational practice. This paper will briefly explore the basic tenets of constructivism and contrast the theories developed from within this paradigm to the work of Vygotsky and Bruner through an analysis of classroom discourse collected from a number of early childhood classes involved in the interactive teaching approach to science. Transcripts of teacher-child discourse are presented as evidence to support the proposition that when the teacher’s role is not clearly defined, the range of teacher-child interactions will vary enormously, and the subsequent learning outcomes for children will be quite different.

Fleer, Marilyn

1990-01-01

278

A model for university\\/early childhood education partnerships  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model for university\\/early childhood partnerships located in the community was designed based on previous and present characteristics of university\\/school teaching centers and professional development schools. The long-range goals of this collaborative model were to raise the quality of future preschool and child care teachers, to enhance university early childhood teacher education programs, and to strengthen child care and preschool

Ellen Winkelstein

1992-01-01

279

Developmental assessment of competence from early childhood to middle adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study represents a developmentally informed, empirically validated examination of competence across multiple domains (Social, Cognitive, Emotional well-being), gender and age (early childhood, middle childhood, early adolescence, middle adolescence). Competence indicators were created and the structure of these domains was tested using multi-method, multi-informant data collected on 191 participants drawn from a prospective study of at-risk children. The results indicated

Jelena Obradovi?; Manfred H. M. van Dulmen; Tuppett M. Yates; Elizabeth A. Carlson; Byron Egeland

2006-01-01

280

Fathers' integration in Quebec's perinatal and early childhood public policies.  

PubMed

Mothers' physical and mental health, as well as their socio-economic status, are currently acknowledged as determining factors in the health and development of young children in Quebec. It is thus not surprising to find that the majority of government perinatal and early childhood initiatives are directed toward mothers. Yet, fathers today are increasingly involved in the care and education of their children, and scientific studies have shown that their involvement is just as crucial as that of mothers. It is recognized that a father's involvement optimizes the physical, cognitive, affective and social development of his children. The purpose of this text is to examine how fathers are taken into account in two public perinatal and early childhood policies. It has been found that fathers are virtually absent from Quebec government's objectives and orientations, and when they do appear, no concrete means are offered to reach them. Considering that health care workers have difficulty offering truly inclusive services to fathers, recommendations with regard to inclusion of fathers in public policies are necessary in order to optimize the health of children and their families. PMID:24735694

St-Arneault, Kate; De Montigny, Francine; Villeneuve, Raymond

2014-01-01

281

Prenatal and Early Childhood Exposure to Tetrachloroethylene and Adult Vision  

PubMed Central

Background: Tetrachloroethylene (PCE; or perchloroethylene) has been implicated in visual impairments among adults with occupational and environmental exposures as well as children born to women with occupational exposure during pregnancy. Objectives: Using a population-based retrospective cohort study, we examined the association between prenatal and early childhood exposure to PCE-contaminated drinking water on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, and deficits in adult color vision and contrast sensitivity. Methods: We estimated the amount of PCE that was delivered to the family residence from participants’ gestation through 5 years of age. We administered to this now adult study population vision tests to assess acuity, contrast sensitivity, and color discrimination. Results: Participants exposed to higher PCE levels exhibited lower contrast sensitivity at intermediate and high spatial frequencies compared with unexposed participants, although the differences were generally not statistically significant. Exposed participants also exhibited poorer color discrimination than unexposed participants. The difference in mean color confusion indices (CCI) was statistically significant for the Farnsworth test but not Lanthony’s D-15d test [Farnsworth CCI mean difference = 0.05, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.003, 0.10; Lanthony CCI mean difference = 0.07, 95% CI: –0.02, 0.15]. Conclusions: Prenatal and early childhood exposure to PCE-contaminated drinking water may be associated with long-term subclinical visual dysfunction in adulthood, particularly with respect to color discrimination. Further investigation of this association in similarly exposed populations is necessary.

Getz, Kelly D.; Janulewicz, Patricia A.; Rowe, Susannah; Weinberg, Janice M.; Winter, Michael R.; Martin, Brett R.; Vieira, Veronica M.; White, Roberta F.

2012-01-01

282

Early childhood infection and atopic disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUNDAtopy is of complex origins but the recent rise in atopic diseases in westernised communities points to the action of important environmental effects. One candidate mechanism is the changing pattern of microbial exposure in childhood. This epidemiological study investigated the relationship between childhood infections and subsequent atopic disease, taking into account a range of social and medical variables.METHODSA total of

I Sadaf Farooqi; Julian M Hopkin

1998-01-01

283

Building Community Systems for Young Children: Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) launched the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (SECCS) Initiative to improve systems of care for young children. Early Care and Education (ECE) is one of five critical components in the initiative because early experiences set the foundation for future learning. ECE's importance continues to…

Stipek, Deborah; Kuo, Alice; Inkelas, Moira; Bassok, Daphna

2004-01-01

284

Frequency of Six Early Childhood Education Approaches: A 10Year Content Analysis of Early Childhood Education Journal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The frequency of early childhood education approaches spanning 10 years of publications was investigated. A content analysis\\u000a of publications (N = 492) from Early Childhood Education Journal was conducted. From a previous content analysis six approaches or search words were identified: Bank Street, Head Start,\\u000a High\\/Scope, Montessori, Reggio Emilia, and Waldorf. Overall, the current content analysis demonstrated that the Head Start\\u000a approach most

Bridget A. Walsh; Karen Petty

2007-01-01

285

Maternal Perceptions of Early Childhood Ideal Body Weight Differ among Mexican-Origin Mothers Residing in Mexico Compared to California  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo assess maternal perceptions of children's current and ideal body sizes, and the meaning of and factors contributing to overweight in infancy and early childhood among Mexican-origin mothers living in Mexico and in California.

Sylvia Guendelman; Lia C. H. Fernald; Lynnette M. Neufeld; Elena Fuentes-Afflick

2010-01-01

286

Epidemiology of Rhabdoid Tumors of Early Childhood  

PubMed Central

Background Rhabdoid tumors are a rare and aggressive cancer subtype which is usually diagnosed in early childhood. Little is known about their etiology. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiology of rhabdoid tumors and examine their relation to perinatal characteristics. Methods We identified 44 atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT) of the central nervous system (CNS) and 61 rhabdoid sarcomas (renal and extra-renal non-CNS tumors) from California Cancer Registry records of diagnoses 1988-2007 among children <6 years of age. We randomly selected 208,178 controls from California birthrolls. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine associations between rhabdoid tumors and perinatal characteristics. Results After adjustment for demographic characteristics, low birthweight (<2500g) strongly increased risk for developing both rhabdoid sarcomas (OR=2.43, 95% CI 1.09, 5.41) and AT/RT (OR=2.99, 95% CI 1.31, 6.84). Both preterm delivery (<37 weeks gestation, OR=2.63, 95% CI 1.34, 5.17) and late term delivery (>42 weeks, OR=3.66, 95% CI 1.54, 8.71) also increased risk of rhabdoid sarcomas. Rhabdoid sarcoma cases (OR=3.08, 95% CI 1.11, 8.55) and AT/RT cases (OR=3.16, 95% CI 1.23, 8.13) also were more likely to be multiple births. Conclusion The excess of twin pregnancies may suggest an association with infertility treatments. This is the first population-based epidemiologic study to examine these rare tumors.

Heck, Julia E; Lombardi, Christina A; Cockburn, Myles; Meyers, Travis J; Wilhelm, Michelle; Ritz, Beate

2012-01-01

287

Synthesis of IES Research on Early Intervention and Early Childhood Education. NCSER 2013-3001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A primary purpose of early childhood education and interventions is to promote children's acquisition of knowledge and skills linked to later social competence and academic success. In this report, special attention is given to summarizing what has been learned about early childhood classrooms as contexts for development and learning, the kinds of…

Diamond, Karen E.; Justice, Laura M.; Siegler, Robert S.; Snyder, Patricia A.

2013-01-01

288

Early Childhood Educator and Administrator Surveys on the Use of Assessments and Standards in Early Childhood Settings. REL 2014-019  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Educator Survey and the Early Childhood Administrator Survey allow users to collect consistent data on the use of child assessments and learning standards in early childhood learning settings. Each survey includes modules on educator/administrator background information, assessment use, and learning standards implementation.…

Irwin, Clare W.; O'Dwyer, Laura; Cook, Kyle DeMeo

2014-01-01

289

More than a shortage of early childhood teachers: looking beyond the recruitment of university qualified teachers to promote quality early childhood education and care  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australia and internationally, government policies aim to increase the supply of early childhood teachers and thus improve the quality of early childhood education and care services. In this paper, we suggest that such a policy-quality trajectory in Australia is not as straightforward as policy discourses suggest. From industrial relations and broader policy contexts, we argue that the early childhood

Marianne Fenech; Manjula Waniganayake; Alma Fleet

2009-01-01

290

Who is a Good Early Childhood Educator? A Critical Study of Differences within a Universal Professional Identity in Early Childhood Education Preparation Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a qualitative research project that examined ways in which pedagogical discourses within an early childhood education college preparation program construct a universal identity of the “good early childhood educator.” Drawing upon theoretical explanations of the concept of difference in professional identification, a discursive analysis of the research participants' views indicates that the good early childhood educator

Rachel Langford

2007-01-01

291

Metabolic risk in early childhood: the EarlyBird Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: For a decade or more, poor nutrition during gestation, expressed as low weight at birth, was held to be the factor responsible for insulin resistance later in life. Birth weights, however, are rising and insulin-resistant states, such as diabetes, faster still. Alternative explanations are needed for insulin resistance in contemporary society. This review cites data from the EarlyBird study

T J Wilkin; L D Voss; B S Metcalf; K Mallam; A N Jeffery; S Alba; M J Murphy

2004-01-01

292

Continuing Evolution: The Rhode Island Early Childhood Summer Institute  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This narrative chronicles the continued evolution and development of the Rhode Island Early Childhood Summer Institute, an intensive 5-day inservice professional development program designed for educational leaders from various sectors of the early care and education field. The goal is to review the continued use of successful practices…

Horm, Diane M.; O'Keefe, Beverly; Diffendale, Charlotte; Cohen, Amy; Schennum, Ruth; Pucciarelli, Larry; Collins, Cheryl; Merrifield, Margaret; Nardone, Virginia; Martin, Marilyn; Bryan, Linda; DeRobbio, Gail

2004-01-01

293

ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education (ERIC/EECE) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign provides ready access to a wide array of information resources in the areas of child development, the education and care of children from birth through early adolescence, the teaching of young children, and parenting and family life.

294

A Bridge between Early Childhood Research and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers, center directors, principals, and policy makers constantly make decisions about early childhood education. Early educators are increasingly expected to draw connections between what they do in the classroom and what research shows. Researchers are encouraged to investigate matters critical to educators' day-to-day work with children and…

Snow, Kyle

2011-01-01

295

Early Adolescent Risk Behavior Outcomes of Childhood Externalizing Behavioral Trajectories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about the early childhood indicators of adolescent risk. The link between trajectories of externalizing behavioral problems and early adolescent risk behavior was examined in a longitudinal sample of 875 child participants in the LONGSCAN studies. Five trajectory groups of children defined by externalizing behavior problems were…

Thompson, Richard; Tabone, Jiyoung Kim; Litrownik, Alan J.; Briggs, Ernestine C.; Hussey, Jon M.; English, Diana J.; Dubowitz, Howard

2011-01-01

296

Should Rewards Have a Place in Early Childhood Programs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does the use of rewards to motivate children to learn or to follow classroom rules run counter to fostering a true desire for mastery? This column, which consists of two separate articles, provides the opposing opinions of the authors regarding the appropriateness of giving rewards in an early childhood classroom. In "Using Rewards in the Early

Shiller, Virginia M.; O'Flynn, Janet C.; Reineke, June; Sonsteng, Kathleen; Gartrell, Dan

2008-01-01

297

Digital, Hybrid, and Multilingual Literacies in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines sociocultural research on early literacy development in the digital age. The last decade has witnessed a proliferation of informational technology that has fundamentally shifted how we think about language and literacy in the early childhood years. Despite these trends, narrow and reductive views of literacy continue to…

Razfar, Aria; Yang, Eunah

2010-01-01

298

Investing in Early Childhood Education: A Global Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last several decades have seen growing global interest in the potential for public investments in early childhood care and education (ECCE) to improve the development of young children, especially those from socially disadvantaged groups. This interest is based on evidence of the importance of environmental influences on early cognitive and…

Barnett, W. S.; Nores, M.

2012-01-01

299

Children's Prenatal Exposure to Drugs: Implications for Early Childhood Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects of drug use during pregnancy on early and later child development, the extent of women's drug use, and behavioral and learning characteristics of children prenatally exposed to drugs. Provides intervention guidelines for early childhood settings including children with prenatal drug exposure, focusing on recommendations for…

Mayfield, Phyllis K.; Chapman, J. Keith

1998-01-01

300

Towards a global paradigm for research into early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early years education is now a global activity, as school systems expand and diverse programmes become established in countries throughout the world. We inherit a rich legacy of theories, methodologies and evidence, from the vision of early childhood pioneers to the latest empirical research. I want to step back from particular initiatives and research evaluations to consider the underlying images

Martin Woodhead

1999-01-01

301

Early Childhood Teacher Education: The Case of Geometry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For early childhood, the domain of geometry and spatial reasoning is an important area of mathematics learning. Unfortunately, geometry and spatial thinking are often ignored or minimized in early education. We build a case for the importance of geometry and spatial thinking, review research on professional development for these teachers, and…

Clements, Douglas H.; Sarama, Julie

2011-01-01

302

Understanding Inclusive Early Childhood Education: A Capability Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the application of current discourse in inclusive education, particularly the capability approach and its utility in early childhood education. The article highlights the tensions between a rights-based discourse that informs inclusive education practice and the right for children to have early intervention. Structural…

Underwood, Kathryn; Valeo, Angela; Wood, Rebecca

2012-01-01

303

Early Childhood Care and Education: A Child Perspective Paradigm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From research we know that there is no specific early childhood education programme that is superior to other approaches (National Research Council. 2001). At the same time, historically it looks like people think there is a specific programme that will solve all problems and guarantee a high quality in early years education, since different…

Sommer, Dion; Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid; Hundeide, Karsten

2013-01-01

304

A Study of Early Childhood Education Programmes in Delhi, India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early years is the period of rapid physical and mental growth wherein the foundation for the child's development is laid and therefore, these years are considered extremely critical for the overall development of the child. Given the critical significance of these early childhood years, it is imperative for every child to get the opportunity to…

Chopra, Neelima

2012-01-01

305

Five-Star Schools: Defining Quality in Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hakeem, Emily, Jose, and Latisha are all entering preschool in the fall. Their mothers are looking for the highest quality early childhood program they can find. Is there a guide for them to find a five-star program? Are all certified or accredited programs of equal quality? How do these parents and guardians know what defines quality in early

Hertzog, Nancy B.

2012-01-01

306

Investments for Future: Early Childhood Development and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investments relevant to the first years of life are directly connected to the future of societies. It can be argued that investments for early childhood development and education are one of the best ways of decreasing social inequality caused by adverse environments which hinder development in early ages and tackling poverty by reducing the rate…

Kartal, Hulya

2007-01-01

307

Online Professional Development: Choices for Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood educators are responsible for providing young children with the best possible early care and education. Research on child care workers' education has shown that professional preparation makes a significant impact on children's cognitive and emotional development (National Association for the Education of Young Children [NAEYC],…

Olsen, Heather; Donaldson, Ana J.; Hudson, Susan D.

2010-01-01

308

Framing Early Childhood Development: Strategic Communications and Public Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief focuses on the potential role that strategic communications can play in helping state (Maternal Child Health) MCH programs and their collaborating partners frame their message to enhance the public's understanding of the importance of early child development and the need for a comprehensive and integrated early childhood system. The…

Gilliam, Franklin D.; Bales, Susan Nall

2004-01-01

309

Preparing Speech Language Pathology Students to Work in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shortage of highly qualified speech language pathologists (SLPs) with specialized training in early intervention and early childhood special education (EI/ECSE) is a pressing issue facing the field and dramatically impacts young children's social and academic success. SLP personnel preparation programs focused on training specialists in…

Barton, Erin E.; Moore, Heather W.; Squires, Jane K.

2012-01-01

310

Understanding Early Childhood Mental Health: A Practical Guide for Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating infant mental health services into early education programs leads to better child outcomes and stronger parent-child relationships--the big question is how to do it appropriately and effectively. Clear answers are in this accessible textbook, created to prepare early childhood professionals and programs to weave best practices in…

Summers, Susan Janko, Ed.; Chazan-Cohen, Rachel, Ed.

2012-01-01

311

Where is the (postmodern) child in early childhood education research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within early years education research there is a lack of research that focuses on the child and that constructs the child as co?constructor of knowledge, culture and identity. Although there is much writing on early childhood education with regard to teacher practice, pedagogy and curriculum, these discussions are rarely informed by the perspectives of children. The author conducted a review

Melanie D. Janzen

2008-01-01

312

Where Is the (Postmodern) Child in Early Childhood Education Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within early years education research there is a lack of research that focuses on the child and that constructs the child as co-constructor of knowledge, culture and identity. Although there is much writing on early childhood education with regard to teacher practice, pedagogy and curriculum, these discussions are rarely informed by the…

Janzen, Melanie D.

2008-01-01

313

Service quality of Early Childhood Education web portals in Finnish municipalities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasing number of governmental organizations have transformed material on their web sites as a way of providing users with information about their products and services. In this paper, we apply Yang et al (2005) instrument for analyzing municipal early childhood education (ECE) web sites in Finland. The objective of the study was to find out the quality of ECE web portals as well as to give hints to improve their value from users' point of view. In general the five dimensions, usability, usefulness of content, adequacy of information, accessibility, and interaction, of the Yang et al model seems to be applicable also in the early childhood education environment.

Koskivaara, Eija; Pihlaja, Päivi

314

Promoting Early Childhood Teacher Professionalism in the Australian Context: The Place of Resistance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The early childhood education (ECE) sector in Australia is marked by a habitus where "professionalism" is confined to objective, technical practices. The authors suggest that this is a diminished view of professionalism, and one that compromises high-quality ECE. This article is concerned with how teacher professionalism can be re-imagined and…

Fenech, Marianne; Sumsion, Jennifer; Shepherd, Wendy

2010-01-01

315

The Early Childhood Education of Aboriginal Australians: A Review of Six Action-Research Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book describes the setting, objectives, program, evaluation and achievement of six innovative action-research early childhood education projects for Aboriginal Australian children, traces various previous attempts to provide education, and provides an historical background of the estimated 140,000 Aboriginal people who make up 1% of…

Teasdale, G. R.; Whitelaw, A. J.

316

An Examination of State Medicaid Financing Arrangements for Early Childhood Development Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the extent to which Medicaid finances early childhood development services, either on a capitated or fee-for-service basis, and to gauge future interest in financing such services. Methods: We analyzed state Medicaid managed care contracts in effect in April 1998 in 45 states using capitated arrangements for children at the end of 1997 to ascertain whether state Medicaid

Harriette B. Fox; Margaret A. McManus; Stephanie J. Limb

2000-01-01

317

Narrative Research in Early Childhood Special Education: "Troubling" Teachers' Stories about Classroom Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood special education teachers provide instruction to young children with special needs in order to address developmental delays that have been identified through standardized tests. Educational goals and objectives are individualized and progress is measured through legally mandated standards of practice, thus positioning the teacher…

Esposito ViVona, Ann Michelle

2009-01-01

318

Master's Programs in Israeli Colleges of Education: A New Learning Opportunity in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this article is to highlight the importance of advanced studies for the professional staff working in the field of early childhood education (ECE). Until 2001, Israeli MA programs were controlled exclusively by Israeli universities. The article deals with the development of MEd programs in Israeli colleges of education, using the…

Mevorach, Miriam; Miron, Mordechai

2011-01-01

319

Childhood Victimization; Early Adversity, Later Psychopathology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Childhood physical abuse, sexual abuse, and neglect have both immediate and long-term effects. Different types of abuse have a range of consequences for a childs later physical and psychological well-being, cognitive development, and behavior. But there i...

C. S. Widom

2000-01-01

320

The Importance of Early Childhood Poverty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most poor children achieve less, exhibit more problem behaviors and are less healthy than children reared in more affluent families. We look beyond correlations such as these to a recent set of studies that attempt to assess the causal impact of childhood poverty on adult well-being. We pay particular attention to the potentially harmful effects…

Duncan, Greg J.; Magnuson, Katherine; Kalil, Ariel; Ziol-Guest, Kathleen

2012-01-01

321

Early childhood psychosis and bleeding during pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with infantile autism and childhood psychosis were identified in the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke Collaborative Perinatal Study. They were matched with two control groups, one of normal-IQ and the other of low-IQ children. Perinatal data, which had been collected prospectively, were then rated blindly. The relationship between uterine bleeding in mothers and their subsequently delivered children,

E. Fuller Torrey; Stephen P. Hersh; Kinne D. McCabe

1975-01-01

322

Sensorimotor Analysis of Early Onset Childhood Psychosis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jean Piaget's theories about children's cognitive development are applied to the evaluation of childhood psychosis. Problems with the testing of such children are described, and results of a research project that used the Piaget-inspired Uzgiris and Hunt Ordinal Scales of Psychological Development to assess autistic children's cognitive processes…

Ertel, David; Voyat, Gilbert

1982-01-01

323

Healthy eating index is a predictor of early childhood caries.  

PubMed

Early childhood caries (ECC) is a preventable form of dental caries that affects very young children, particularly among low-income families and certain racial/ethnic minorities. The current study examined the relationship of dietary quality, as measured by the Healthy Eating Index (HEI), to the prevalence of ECC in 2- to 5-year-old children. Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) were used for the study. We used logistic regression to compute adjusted odds ratios (OR) for ECC and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Children with the best dietary practices (uppermost tertile of the HEI) were 44% less likely to exhibit severe ECC compared with children with the worst dietary practices (lowest tertile of the HEI). A healthy eating pattern geared for promotion of optimal child development and prevention of chronic disease in later life may also reduce the risk of early childhood caries, particularly severe early childhood caries. PMID:19407158

Nunn, M E; Braunstein, N S; Krall Kaye, E A; Dietrich, T; Garcia, R I; Henshaw, M M

2009-04-01

324

Preparing early childhood educators for global education: the implications of prior learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines the increasing cultural diversity of Australia’s education settings and explicates the global education movement and the new Australian Early Years Learning Framework. It discusses the implication of these factors for early childhood education practice and early childhood teacher education. The key research question considered in this paper is what prior learnings do early childhood educators utilise to

Mike W. Horsley; Kathy Anne Bauer

2010-01-01

325

Childhood Socioeconomic Position and Objectively Measured Physical Capability Levels in Adulthood: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundGrip strength, walking speed, chair rising and standing balance time are objective measures of physical capability that characterise current health and predict survival in older populations. Socioeconomic position (SEP) in childhood may influence the peak level of physical capability achieved in early adulthood, thereby affecting levels in later adulthood. We have undertaken a systematic review with meta-analyses to test the

Kate Birnie; Rachel Cooper; Richard M. Martin; Diana Kuh; Avan Aihie Sayer; Beatriz E. Alvarado; Antony Bayer; Kaare Christensen; Sung-Il Cho; Cyrus Cooper; Janie Corley; Leone Craig; Ian J. Deary; Panayotes Demakakos; Shah Ebrahim; John Gallacher; Alan J. Gow; David Gunnell; Steven Haas; Tomas Hemmingsson; Hazel Inskip; Soong-Nang Jang; Merete Osler; Alberto Palloni; Finn Rasmussen; Brigitte Santos-Eggimann; Jacques Spagnoli; John Starr; Andrew Steptoe; Holly Syddall; Per Tynelius; David Weir; Lawrence J. Whalley; Maria Victoria Zunzunegui; Yoav Ben-Shlomo; Rebecca Hardy; Virginia Vitzthum

2011-01-01

326

Early menarche and childhood adversities in a nationally representative sample  

PubMed Central

Background Epidemiological evidence suggests that early menarche, defined as onset of menses at age 11 or earlier, has increased in prevalence in recent birth cohorts and is associated with multiple poor medical and mental health outcomes in adulthood. There is evidence that childhood adversities occurring prior to menarche contribute to early menarche. Methods Data collected in face-to-face interviews with a nationally representative sample of women age 18 and over (N?=?3288), as part of the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication, were analyzed. Associations between pre-menarchal childhood adversities and menarche at age 11 or earlier were estimated in discrete time survival models with statistical adjustment for age at interview, ethnicity, and body mass index. Adversities investigated included physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, biological father absence from the home, other parent loss, parent mental illness, parent substance abuse, parent criminality, inter-parental violence, serious physical illness in childhood, and family economic adversity. Results Mean age at menarche varied across decadal birth cohorts (?2????=?21.41, p?Childhood adversities were also more common in younger than older cohorts. Of the 11 childhood adversities, 5 were associated with menarche at age 11 or earlier, with OR of 1.3 or greater. Each of these five adversities is associated with a 26% increase in the odds of early menarche (OR?=?1.26, 95% CI 1.14-1.39). The relationship between childhood sexual abuse and early menarche was sustained after adjustment for co-occurring adversities. (OR?=?1.77, 95% CI 1.21-2.6). Conclusions Evidence from this study is consistent with hypothesized physiological effects of early childhood family environment on endocrine development. Childhood sexual abuse is the adversity most strongly associated with early menarche. However, because of the complex way that childhood adversities cluster within families, the more generalized influence of highly dysfunctional family environments cannot be ruled out.

2014-01-01

327

Preventive Intervention for Early Childhood Behavioral Problems: An Ecological Perspective  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of preventive interventions targeting parents when addressing early childhood behavior problems. We briefly review evidence-based parent management training programs (PMT), focusing on one particular program, the Incredible Years Series (IY). Next, we discuss the barriers to embedding evidence-based practice like IY in community contexts, and demonstrate how early childhood mental health consultation can be used to enhance community capacity to adopt evidence-based practice and improve outcomes for the large number of young children and their families in need.

Shepard, Stephanie A.; Dickstein, Susan

2009-01-01

328

Endowments and parental investments in infancy and early childhood.  

PubMed

This article tests whether parents reinforce or compensate for child endowments. We estimate how the difference in birth weight across siblings impacts specific parental investments: breast-feeding, well-baby visits, immunizations, and preschool attendance. Our results indicate that normal-birthweight children are 5%-11% more likely to receive early childhood parental investments than their low-birth-weight siblings. Moreover, the presence of additional low-birth-weight siblings in the household increases the likelihood of investments such as well-baby visits and immunizations for normal-birth-weight children. These results suggest that parental investments in early childhood tend to reinforce endowment differences. PMID:20355688

Datar, Ashlesha; Kilburn, M Rebecca; Loughran, David S

2010-02-01

329

Association between early childhood exposure to malaria and children's pre-school development: evidence from the Zambia early childhood development project  

PubMed Central

Background Despite major progress made over the past 10?years, malaria remains one of the primary causes of ill health in developing countries in general, and in sub-Saharan Africa in particular. Whilst a large literature has documented the frequency and severity of malaria infections for children under-five years, relatively little evidence is available regarding the impact of early childhood malaria exposure on subsequent child development. Methods The objective of the study was to assess the associations between early childhood exposure to malaria and pre-school development. Child assessment data for 1,410 children in 70 clusters collected through the 2010 Zambian Early Childhood Development Project was linked with malaria parasite prevalence data from the 2006 Zambia Malaria Indicator Survey. Linear and logistic models were used to estimate the effect of early childhood exposure to malaria on anthropometric outcomes as well as on a range of cognitive and behavioural development measures. Results No statistically significant associations were found between parasite exposure and children’s height and weight. Exposure to the malaria parasite was, however, associated with lower ability to cope with cognitive tasks administered by interviewers (z-score difference ?1.11, 95% CI ?2.43–0.20), as well as decreased overall socio-emotional development as assessed by parents (z-score difference ?1.55, 95% CI ?3.13–0.02). No associations were found between malaria exposure and receptive vocabulary or fine-motor skills. Conclusions The results presented in this paper suggest potentially large developmental consequences of early childhood exposure to malaria. Continued efforts to lower the burden of malaria will not only reduce under-five mortality, but may also have positive returns in terms of the long-term well-being of exposed cohorts.

2013-01-01

330

78 FR 70565 - Renewal of the Advisory Committee on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation...on the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program Evaluation...and research, education, and early childhood development. Members shall...

2013-11-26

331

Early Childhood Programs: The Use of Impact Evaluations to Assess Program Effects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Given the large federal investment and the current attention on the importance of early childhood experiences, policymakers are interested in the effectiveness of federally funded early childhood education and care efforts and the types of research design...

2001-01-01

332

New Teachers for a New Century: The Future of Early Childhood Professional Preparation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

New teachers for a New Century: The future of Early Childhood Professional Preparation was designed to fulfill three purposes: (1) to examine the nature and content of current early childhood professional preparation programs at the pre-service level, (2)...

2000-01-01

333

34 CFR 674.58 - Cancellation for service in an early childhood education program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Cancellation for service in an early childhood education program. 674.58 Section 674.58...Cancellation § 674.58 Cancellation for service in an early childhood education program. (a)(1) An...

2010-07-01

334

Early Childhood Programs; Many Poor Children and Strained Resources Challenge Head Start.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Education reform and the reauthorization of Head Start - the centerpiece of federal early childhood programs--have focused attention on (1) improving the quality of early childhood progras and (2) increasing the number of children that they serve. The qua...

1994-01-01

335

Respiratory viral infections and early asthma in childhood.  

PubMed

Respiratory viral infections profoundly influence the disease activity of wheezing illnesses and asthma in early childhood. Viral bronchiolitis shares many features with asthma and a subset of children develop recurrent wheezing after their initial illness. Recently mechanisms for virus-induced exacerbations of childhood asthma are beginning to be focused on and defined. Viruses cause systemic immune activation and also produce local inflammation. These factors are likely to affect airway pathogenesis leading to airway narrowing, an increase in mucus production, and eventually bronchospasm, and airway obstruction. These new insights related to the pathogenesis and disease activity are likely to provide new targets for the therapy and prevention of early asthma in childhood. PMID:17130678

Oh, Jae-Won

2006-12-01

336

Causes of stillbirth, neonatal death and early childhood death in rural Zambia by verbal autopsy assessments  

PubMed Central

Summary OBJECTIVES To describe specific causes of the high rates of stillbirth, neonatal death and early child childhood death in Zambia. METHODS We conducted a household-based survey in rural Zambia. Socio-demographic and delivery characteristics were recorded, alongside a maternal HIV test. Verbal autopsy questionnaires were administered to elicit mortality-related information and independently reviewed by three experienced paediatricians who assigned a cause and contributing factor to death. For this secondary analysis, deaths were categorized into: stillbirths (foetal death ?28 weeks of gestation), neonatal deaths (?28 days) and early childhood deaths (>28 days to <2 years). RESULTS Among 1679 households, information was collected on 148 deaths: 34% stillbirths, 26% neonatal and 40% early childhood deaths. Leading identifiable causes of stillbirth were intrauterine infection (26%) and birth asphyxia (18%). Of 32 neonatal deaths, 38 (84%) occurred within the first week of life, primarily because of infections (37%) and prematurity (34%). The majority of early childhood deaths were caused by suspected bacterial infections (82%). HIV prevalence was significantly higher in mothers who reported an early childhood death (44%) than mothers who did not (17%; P < 0.01). Factors significantly associated with mortality were lower socio-economic status (P < 0.01), inadequate water or sanitation facilities (P < 0.01), home delivery (P = 0.04) and absence of a trained delivery attendant (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION We provide community-level data about the causes of death among children under 2 years of age. Infectious etiologies for mortality ranked highest. At a public health level, such information may have an important role in guiding prevention and treatment strategies to address perinatal and early childhood mortality.

Turnbull, Eleanor; Lembalemba, Mwila K.; Guffey, M. Brad; Bolton-Moore, Carolyn; Mubiana-Mbewe, Mwangelwa; Chintu, Namwinga; Giganti, Mark J.; Nalubamba-Phiri, Mutinta; Stringer, Elizabeth M.; Stringer, Jeffrey S. A.; Chi, Benjamin H.

2013-01-01

337

Predictable Locations Aid Early Object Name Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Expectancy-based localized attention has been shown to promote the formation and retrieval of multisensory memories in adults. Three experiments show that these processes also characterize attention and learning in 16- to 18-month old infants and, moreover, that these processes may play a critical role in supporting early object name learning. The…

Benitez, Viridiana L.; Smith, Linda B.

2012-01-01

338

Kentucky's Statewide Early Childhood Professional Development System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public school systems have recently become major players in providing services for children in their early years. In addition, a number of other services are available to young children including child care, Head Start, and Early Head Start programs. The link between program quality and professional development of early care and education…

Rous, Beth; Grove, Jaime; Townley, Kim

2007-01-01

339

What’s the Bottom Line? Corporate Involvement in an Early Childhood Initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a qualitative case study of a statewide early childhood initiative, this article critically examines the budding relationship between one state’s early childhood initiative and the corporate community. The analysis is situated within assumptions about the benefits of public–private partnerships and early childhood and childcare as vital to the nation’s current and future workforce. Early childhood stakeholders courted

Jean A. Patterson

2004-01-01

340

Developing a Data-Driven Assessment for Early Childhood Candidates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred forty-nine teacher candidates participated in a yearlong study to investigate what a well-prepared early childhood teacher candidate knows about teaching and learning. This study provides findings on assessments used to determine candidates' knowledge of pedagogy at program entry and exit. The general question this study explored was:…

Autry, Mary Murray; Lee, Joohi; Fox, Jill

2009-01-01

341

Trends in Early Childhood Assessment Policies and Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study documented current early childhood assessment policies and practices, focusing on changes since the 1988 nationwide survey and on changes occurring in response to Goal 1 of the National Education Goals, performance assessments, and integrated services for young children. Data were collected through telephone surveys and in-depth…

Shepard, Lorrie A.; Taylor, Grace A.; Kagan, Sharon L.

342

Creativity in the Early Childhood Classroom: Perspectives of Preservice Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how preservice teachers view the nature and role of creativity in light of the complexities of contemporary early childhood classrooms. A multiple methods approach was utilized and data were collected with the Questionnaire Examining Student Teachers' Beliefs about Creativity (Diakidoy & Kanari, 1999) survey instrument and through a qualitative examination of a learning community whose members were

Angela Eckhoff

2011-01-01

343

Responsibilities and Accountabilities of an Early Childhood E-Instructor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study was intended to explore the roles that an early childhood instructor undertook in a virtual learning environment. Throughout three consecutive semesters, multiple forms of data collection techniques were employed, including: field notes, teacher-student online interaction, the course design, students' online submissions,…

Chang, Ni

2007-01-01

344

New Explorations with Waste Materials in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creativity is innately brought with secret power which can emerge at any time throughout life and be enhanced if fostered. Properly designed art activities serve as a potential for emergence and the enhancement of children's creativities in their early childhood educations. Those children who cannot express their emotions through oral language or…

Uyanik, Ozgun; Inal, Gozde; Calisandemir, Fatma; Can-Yasar, Munevver; Kandir, Adalet

2011-01-01

345

Early Childhood Dental Caries: A Rising Dental Public Health Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to examine the literature and review the risk factors and disparities contributing to early childhood caries (ECC), which is a major health problem among preschoolers in the United States of America. A search was conducted using MEDLINE, PubMed, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library databases and the key terms…

Gomez, Grace Felix

2013-01-01

346

The Social And Political Construction Of Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyse two foundational social problems regarding early childhood education. The first, in the late nineteenth century, is infant mortality, a social problem that constituted the historical legitimation for the first crèches. The second, the prevention of school failure, is very topical today. By analysing these examples in their historicity, taking into account social, political, economical and scientific contexts, it

Michel Vandenbroeck; Filip Coussée; Lieve Bradt

2010-01-01

347

The Brain and Early Childhood: Facilitator's Guide [with Videotapes].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent advances in neuroscience have engaged the interest of early childhood educators who believe that the more we know about the brain, the better able we will be to influence learning. This workshop facilitator's guide and set of two videotapes are designed to assist educators, students, caregivers, parents, and those providing services to…

Blum, Holly; D'Arcangelo, Marcia

348

Early childhood education and care: politics, policies and possibilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers some of the current knowledge about our understanding of and provision for early childhood internationally. It looks at its relative importance, offers a short overview of research and terminology, outlines a global perspective (the big picture) and provides a brief summary of the current South Australian policy and position.

Philip Gammage

2006-01-01

349

Exit Criteria in Early Childhood Programs for Handicapped Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information on the existence of written exit criteria, as well as descriptions of existing criteria, was obtained from 178 surveys completed by early childhood education programs for handicapped children across the United States. Approximately half of the programs had formal written exit criteria. The most commonly cited criterion was chronological age. Other factors, such as formal test results, team staffing

Martha L. Thurlow; Camilla A. Lehr; James E. Ysseldyke

1987-01-01

350

Supporting Early Childhood Practitioners through Relationship-Based, Reflective Supervision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective supervision is a relationship-based practice that supports the professional development of early childhood practitioners. Reflective supervision helps practitioners cope with the intense feelings and stress that are generated when working with at-risk children and families. It allows them to focus on the purpose and goals of the program…

Bernstein, Victor J.; Edwards, Renee C.

2012-01-01

351

Digital Natives Come to Preschool: Implications for Early Childhood Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the implications of young learners' dispositions towards the use of digital technologies in contemporary early childhood settings. It is proposed that young learners have grown up in very different social conditions from previous generations, mainly through the saturation of digital technologies, in particular computers. This…

Zevenbergen, Robyn

2007-01-01

352

Traumatic Events and Children: How Early Childhood Educators Can Help.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the range of children's responses to traumatic events and identifies common symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Identifies protective and risk factors for PTSD. Discusses ways early childhood educators can provide a sense of security and regularity in their classrooms and use classroom activities to facilitate coping with…

Alat, Kazim

2002-01-01

353

First Chance Outreach. Del Rio First Chance Early Childhood Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to help handicapped children function in regular school programs by the time they enter first grade, the First Chance Early Childhood Program provides precise intervention into the development of children aged 3 to 5 with clearly identified handicapping conditions. Using English and/or Spanish, program staff test and measure the referred…

Hanna, Cornelia B.; Levermann, D.

354

Beyond Quality in Early Childhood Education and Care: Postmodern Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working with postmodern ideas, this book questions the search to define and measure quality in the early childhood field and its tendency to reduce philosophical issues of value to purely technical and managerial issues of expert knowledge and measurement. The book argues that there are ways other than the "discourse of quality" for understanding…

Dahlberg, Gunilla; Moss, Peter; Pence, Alan

355

The Emotionally Intelligent Early Childhood Educator: Self-Reflective Journaling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A current interest in education is the growing awareness that the development of social and emotional skills in children is critical for the foundation of academic knowledge in the classroom. The early childhood educator is in a position to be a powerful nurturer of the social emotional development in young children. It is important, therefore, to…

Kremenitzer, Janet Pickard

2005-01-01

356

Making Early Childhood Classrooms Conducive to Literacy Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the findings of two studies of the home environments of children who are successful at reading at young ages, this paper suggests ways in which early childhood classrooms can create environments that promote literacy growth and provide children with an appropriate background and interest for later successful experiences in learning to read…

Rasinski, Timothy V.

357

Teaching Children with ADHD: Icelandic Early Childhood Teachers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medication for the treatment of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has increased tremendously in Iceland during the last decade and the country has now the highest prescription rates for methylphenidate in the world. This study examines Icelandic early childhood teachers' experiences and perspectives of children with behavioural…

Einarsdottir, Johanna

2008-01-01

358

Diagnostic Transitions from Childhood to Adolescence to Early Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Quantifying diagnostic transitions across development is needed to estimate the long-term burden of mental illness. This study estimated patterns of diagnostic transitions from childhood to adolescence and from adolescence to early adulthood. Methods: Patterns of diagnostic transitions were estimated using data from three prospective,…

Copeland, William E.; Adair, Carol E.; Smetanin, Paul; Stiff, David; Briante, Carla; Colman, Ian; Fergusson, David; Horwood, John; Poulton, Richie; Costello, E. Jane; Angold, Adrian

2013-01-01

359

The Gymnasium of the Mind: Teaching Chess in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central aim of this paper is to undertake a critical review of arguments which propose that chess should be taught in schools and other educational settings. In particular, I offer an answer to the question: "Should chess be taught in early childhood?" Many claims have been made about the educational benefits of chess instruction. In…

Costello, Patrick J. M.

2013-01-01

360

A Public Relations Handbook for Early Childhood Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This public relations handbook for staff members of early childhood organizations identifies elements of the communications process and provides tips on conducting effective publicity activities. News (hard breaking news and news with a human interest slant) is distinguished from trivia and examples are given of each. Guidelines for arranging…

First, Joan

361

Early childhood autism and structural therapy: Outcome after 3 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined the effect of 3 yrs of structural therapy on 21 inpatient cases of early childhood autism (ECA). Treatment resulted in the discharge of 12 patients. Details of treatment procedure, therapeutic progress, and their effects on diagnostic and prognostic conceptualizations are presented. Comparisons are made among previous reports of attempted treatment of ECA, as well as the results of 2

Alan J. Ward

1978-01-01

362

Identifying Leadership Roles for Quality in Early Childhood Education Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to identify leadership roles for quality in early childhood programmes in the local settings of a sample of Hong Kong preschools. Two schools were selected for the study, both of which were rated as excellent in the quality assurance inspections of a local education authority. Effective leadership was explored from the multiple…

Ho, Dora Choi Wa

2011-01-01

363

A Long-Term Investment in Pakistan: Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the enormous demand for early childhood education care and education, it remains a privilege for young children in most of the world's nine high population countries, known as the E-9 group (Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria and Pakistan), according to a report published by UNESCO (2003). The World…

Hunzai, Zohra Nisar

2006-01-01

364

LEARNING THROUGH PROJECTS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD TEACHER EDUCATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research suggests that project learn- ing has great potential to foster a comprehensive knowledge base for teachers. This paper describes the ra- tionale for weaving project learning into early childhood teacher education programs and describes how teacher educators can effectively implement the strategy in their curriculum. In- cluded is a discussion of how projects support brain-based learning research and how

Lorraine Dejong

1999-01-01

365

Teachers' and Students' Cognitive Styles in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive style identifies the ways individuals react to different situations. Cognitive styles include stable attitudes, preferences, or habitual strategies that distinguish the individual styles of perceiving, remembering, thinking, and solving problems. Intended for researchers, psychologists, child development specialists, and early childhood

Saracho, Olivia Natividad

366

Guide to Non-Sexist Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide describes the development of a nonsexist early childhood curriculum designed to make teachers and parents more aware of the sexism existing in society and reflected in our schools. The guide is divided into six chapters: Chapter 1 presents a brief history of the Non-Sexist Child Development Project; Chapter 2 examines some of the basic…

Sprung, Barbara

367

Public School Early Childhood Music Education: Challenges and Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the increase of preK programs in public schools, music educators are increasingly more involved in teaching 3- and 4-year-old students. Many music educators find this difficult, as teaching young children requires different--and often unfamiliar--training and experience in child development and appropriate early childhood methodologies. This…

May, Brittany Nixon

2013-01-01

368

TELEVISION IN INFANCY AND EARLY CHILDHOOD—USES & EFFECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of television and other media—such as video, computer programs, and CD material—in infancy and early childhood can have both positive and negative influences on the intellectual and social development of young viewers. Viewing carefully designed programs for preschool age children, such as Sesame Street and Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, can have positive effects on social skills and academic preparation

John P. Murray; Ann D. Murray

369

Reform of Early Childhood Education in Shenzhen: A Legal Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The systemic reform of early childhood education (ECE) in Shenzhen has given rise to widespread debate as it has, in fact, changed ECE's rights and power relationships. It has created an impact in terms of ECE's public nature and, in a way, affected the integrity of China's education system. Although this reform possesses positive significance,…

Guolin, Zhang

2008-01-01

370

Emergency preparedness--an early childhood educator's perspective.  

PubMed

As early childhood educators who participated in the discussion of optimal scene management involving children and families in the event of a radiological/nuclear event, the authors would suggest consideration be given to the formal preparation for evacuation of educators and families and how to ensure that families are provided factual and updated information. PMID:20736291

Richards, Audrey; Sallafranque, Rosanne

2010-11-01

371

Early Childhood Selected Bibliographies Series. Number 2, Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second in a series of six annotated bibliographies. It has as its general subject the language aspects of early childhood education and includes six subdivisions: phonology and speech, grammar, vocabulary, functions of language, verbal learning, and "all." Each of the 38 abstracts included has been classified by general and specific…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Early Childhood Education, Champaign, IL.

372

Early Childhood Selected Bibliographies Series. Number 3, Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the third in a series of six annotated bibliographies. It has as its general subject the educational aspects of early childhood and includes three subdivisions: child-rearing practices, school performance, and effects of nursery school and day care. Each of the 11 abstracts included has been classified by general and specific subject, by…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Early Childhood Education, Champaign, IL.

373

Early Childhood Selected Bibliographies Series. Number 6, Personality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the sixth in a series of six annotated bibliographies relevant to early childhood education. Its general subject is personality, and it includes three subdivisions: basic temperamental and motivational traits, attitude, and ego functioning. Each of the 15 abstracts included has been classified by general and specific subject, by…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Early Childhood Education, Champaign, IL.

374

Early Childhood Selected Bibliographies Series. Number 4, Cognition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the fourth in a series of six annotated bibliographies relevant to early childhood education. Its general subject is cognition, and i t includes seven subdivisions: intelligence, higher mental processes, cognitive style, experimental studies of learning, concept development, perception and recognition, and motivation. Each of the…

Illinois Univ., Urbana, National Lab. on Early Childhood Education.

375

Early Childhood Selected Bibliographies Series. Number 1, Physical.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first in a series of six annotated bibliographies. It has as its general subject the physical aspects of early childhood education and includes three subdivisions: genetics, sensory-motor processes, and growth. Each of the 15 abstracts included has been classified by general and specific subject, by focus of study, and alphabetically…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Early Childhood Education, Champaign, IL.

376

Assessment of Student Learning in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, part of a series of documents which describe assessment of student learning in various curriculum areas from prekindergarten through grade 12 focuses on assessment as practiced in early childhood education in South Carolina. An overview is provided of current practices used in the first few years of schooling that are now being…

Smith, Laura M.; And Others

377

Understanding Asperger Disorder: A Primer for Early Childhood Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychiatric community has only recognized Asperger Disorder (AD) as a distinct syndrome since 1994. Therefore, for most early childhood educators, AD is still a new diagnosis. The majority of the children with AD are being educated in the general education classroom although it's not uncommon to see specialized placements. Unfortunately, due to the uniqueness of this condition, teachers often

Karen Bowen Dahle; Richard M. Gargiulo

2004-01-01

378

Impacts of Family Support in Early Childhood Intervention Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to review intervention research to determine the types of family support that are reported and evaluated in early childhood. This review includes 26 articles evaluating (a) parent training programs; (b) general family-centered practice models which offer comprehensive supports; (c) peer support; (d) two-generation…

Friend, Anna C.; Summers, Jean Ann; Turnbull, Ann P.

2009-01-01

379

International Early Childhood Resources from Educational Research Abstracts Online (ERA)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography provides abstracts for 12 resources relating to early childhood around the world. Each annotation contains: title; author name(s); Source (name of journal in which the resource was published); ISSN of the journal in which the resource was published; Issue (journal citation information for the resource within the…

International Journal of Early Years Education, 2007

2007-01-01

380

International Early Childhood Resources from Educational Research Abstracts Online (ERA)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography provides abstracts for 18 resources relating to early childhood around the world. Each annotation contains: title; author name(s); Source (name of journal in which the resource was published); ISSN of the journal in which the resource was published; Issue (journal citation information for the resource within the…

International Journal of Early Years Education, 2006

2006-01-01

381

International Early Childhood Resources from Educational Research Abstracts (ERA) Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography provides abstracts for 17 resources relating to early childhood around the world. Each annotation contains: title; author name(s); source (name of journal in which the resource was published); ISSN of the journal in which the resource was published; and issue (journal citation information for the resource within the…

International Journal of Early Years Education, 2011

2011-01-01

382

Practical Ways To Improve Singing in Early Childhood Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests developmentally appropriate ways early childhood teachers can help young children express, interpret, and understand their experiences through song. Discusses the importance of singing for gaining music and literacy skills and encouraging self-expression and creativity. Includes tips related to posture, breathing, vocal exploration, vocal…

Neelly, Linda P.

2002-01-01

383

Diversity in Early Childhood Education: A German Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the theoretical foundation of a skill enhancement programme in early childhood settings which follows the ideas of the Anti-Bias approach. A focal point of the concept is to acknowledge the connection between societal, structural and individual biases. It challenges those biases and assists educators in improving their…

Gramelt, Katja

2013-01-01

384

West Virginia Early Childhood Transition Initiative: Operation Tadpole. 1995 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The West Virginia Early Childhood Transition Initiative is an interagency systems change effort started in 1993 to develop a seamless system of service for children, ages birth to 5 years. The initiative's training and technical assistance component is known as Operation Tadpole. A state level steering committee coordinates the initiative on an…

West Virginia State Dept. of Education, Charleston. Office of Special Education Programs and Assurances.

385

Early Childhood Special Educators and the Hospital Ethics Committee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper discusses issues of concern to early childhood special educators serving on hospital ethics committees to assist families with seriously ill and handicapped infants in neonatal intensive care units. Issues include infant euthanasia and the right to life, child abuse legislation, and possible effects on families. (Author/JDD)

Lowenthal, Barbara

1989-01-01

386

Housing for Early Childhood Education. Centers for Growing and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of 18 short articles dealing with the planning of programs and places for early childhood education comprise the volume. The importance of the right physical environment is stressed as a catalyst that enables a child to receive the best that people and programs can offer. Among the design parameters discussed are indoor-outdoor…

Sunderlin, Sylvia, Ed.

387

Scaling Up Quality in Early Childhood Programs: New Jersey's Story  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preschool systems changed significantly in New Jersey in 1998 when the State's Supreme Court required the poorest school districts to implement high quality, intensive preschool programs for all three- and four-year-olds. Since the first year of implementation in 1999, New Jersey's Abbott districts have been providing preschoolers with access to quality early childhood programs defined by state certified teachers, class

Nancy Lauter; Cynthia Rice

2008-01-01

388

Assessing Quality in Early Childhood Education and Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluating quality in early childhood education and care (ECEC) service internationally is increasingly important. Research to date indicates that it is "high-quality" programmes that boost and sustain children's achievement outcomes over time. There is also growing interest in the accountability of public funds used for ECEC…

Ishimine, Karin; Tayler, Collette

2014-01-01

389

Father/Male Involvement in Early Childhood Programs. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the support for increased involvement of parents in their children's schooling and the positive contribution men can make to children's development, it is important to reach out specifically to fathers or other significant males in parent involvement efforts for pre-kindergarten and early childhood programs. This digest discusses barriers to…

McBride, Brent A.; Rane, Thomas R.

390

International Early Childhood Resources from Educational Research Abstracts Online (ERA)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography contains 13 references for papers relating to early childhood education from a variety of journals. Each resource description includes: the name of the journal in which the resource was published; the ISSN of the journal; the journal citation information; and the keywords under which the resource can be searched.

International Journal of Early Years Education, 2004

2004-01-01

391

Music's Representation in Early Childhood Education Journals: A Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this review of literature, the author explored the representation of music in early childhood education researcher and practitioner journal articles. Thirty-eight pertinent journal articles were identified in a keyword search for "music" in eight journals. The search was limited to a 5-year period, 2005-2010. Article summaries were categorized…

Bond, Vanessa L.

2012-01-01

392

Early Childhood Teachers Reconstruct Beliefs and Practices through Reflexive Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional development, which results in sustained transformative change, requires that teachers engage in critical reflection regarding teaching practices. In this study, a group of five bilingual and generalist early childhood teachers engaged in a journey in which they elected to try to reconstruct their beliefs and practices about teaching…

Riojas-Cortez, Mari; Alanis, Iliana; Flores, Belinda Bustos

2013-01-01

393

Associations between Early Childhood Temperament Clusters and Later Psychosocial Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study adopted a person-centered approach to examine whether clusters of children could be identified on the basis of temperament profiles assessed on four occasions from infancy to early childhood, and if so whether differing temperament clusters were associated with subsequent differences in behavior problems, social skills, and school…

Sanson, Ann; Letcher, Primrose; Smart, Diana; Prior, Margot; Toumbourou, John W.; Oberklaid, Frank

2009-01-01

394

Narrative Skills Following Early Confirmation of Permanent Childhood Hearing Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare spoken language production in children with permanent childhood hearing impairment (PCHI) whose PCHI was confirmed either early or late. Method: Audio-taped spoken narrative was assessed for syntax, phonology, morphology, and narrative in transcripts from a population-based sample of 89 children (49 males,…

Worsfold, Sarah; Mahon, Merle; Yuen, Ho Ming; Kennedy, Colin

2010-01-01

395

Early Childhood Education: Functional Interactivity of Family--Community--School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The argument presented in this monograph stresses that, as concerns early childhood education, Jamaican parents must not only know and understand what is being done for and with their children but must also be active contributors to their educational development. It is further stressed that disadvantaged parents need special training and help if…

Grant, D. R. B.

396

Effects of Video Interaction Guidance on Early Childhood Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experimental study showed that a video feedback intervention improved the interaction skills of early childhood education and care teachers. The teachers who had received the Video Interaction Guidance training appeared more stimulating in their behavior, were more sensitive and more verbally stimulating than teachers from the control group.…

Fukkink, Ruben G.; Tavecchio, Louis W. C.

2010-01-01

397

Quality in Early Childhood Education and Care: A cultural context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that different cultural communities may hold different definitions of “quality” in Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) conforming with their respective, culturally valued educational goals and culturally based beliefs regarding practices that facilitate their attainment. Despite the negative implication of stereotyping socio-cultural communities as “individualist” or “collectivist” (Triandis, 1995), the conceptualisation of cultural variations in educational goals

Miriam K. Rosenthal

2003-01-01

398

Including Children with Hearing Loss in Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These are typical scenarios of children with hearing loss who are being included increasingly in early childhood settings. Recent federal legislation encourages states to develop programs to screen the hearing of all infants before they leave the hospital, and currently 39 states have adopted newborn infant hearing screening mandates (ASHA 2005).…

Katz, Laurie; Schery, Teris K.

2006-01-01

399

balancing the readiness equation in early childhood education reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

As policy-makers continue to implement early childhood education reforms that frame the field as a mechanism that is to ready children for elementary school success, questions arise as to how the multiple variables in the readiness equation, such as the child, family, and program, are affected by these policies. The instrumental case study presented in this article looks at this

Christopher P. Brown

2010-01-01

400

Mentoring for Early Childhood Teachers and Directors in Taiwan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used a Vygotskian theoretical perspective in an ethnographic examination of how early childhood teachers and directors in Taiwan learn through mentoring within their school context. The study focused on mentoring relationships between a preschool director and five teachers in Taiwan. Primary data sources included interviews of the…

Shiu, Shiou-Ping

401

Early Childhood Literacy Coaches' Role Perceptions and Recommendations for Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, literacy coaches have emerged as an integral part of a school's literacy team. Although current research on literacy coaching examines the work of coaches at the elementary and middle\\/secondary school levels, little research exists on the roles and perspectives of early childhood literacy coaches. This study sought to fill that gap by examining the current priorities of

Brian Kissel; Maryann Mraz; Bob Algozzine; Katie Stover

2011-01-01

402

The Early Childhood Services Coordination Evaluation. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1978 evaluation of the Early Childhood Services program found that the coordination of services needed to be strengthened at all levels but particularly at the regional level. Alberta Education launched a pilot study in 1980 into the means of increasing coordination of services for young children and families in the province, by granting…

Harvey Social Research, Ltd., Sherwood Park (Alberta).

403

Urban Early Childhood Teachers' Attitudes towards Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between urban early childhood teachers' attitudes towards inclusive education and personal characteristics, professional background, and programme context. Questionnaires were completed by teachers (n = 130) who taught preschool children in primarily low-income, urban neighbourhoods. Attitude ratings were…

Hsieh, Wu-Ying; Hsieh, Chang-Ming

2012-01-01

404

Preparing Culturally Competent Early Childhood Teachers. FPG Snapshot. # 37  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood classrooms are far from homogeneous. Today, 43 percent of children in the United States under age five are of a race or ethnicity other than White. While the demographic characteristics of young children have become more diverse, their teachers have not. The vast majority of teachers (68 percent) are White as is 80 percent of…

FPG Child Development Institute, 2007

2007-01-01

405

Positive Behavior Supports and Interventions in Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This commentary introduces a special issue of NHSA Dialog dedicated to the implementation of Positive Behavior Supports and Interventions in early childhood settings by establishing the importance of designing service delivery systems that infuse mental health and social emotional programming into all aspects of program planning and forwarding Program-Wide Positive Behavior Support as a potentially effective practice to accomplish this

Andy Frey

2009-01-01

406

Exploring Bullying: An Early Childhood Perspective from Mainland China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores bullying in mainland China. The authors conducted a study to determine the existence of a problem with bullying in younger Chinese children. Samples included 40 randomly selected, early childhood educators serving children ages 2 through 6, located in 10 different urban school settings along the Yangzi River. The authors…

Arndt, Janet S.; Luo, Nili

2008-01-01

407

The Role of Media and Emerging Representation in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In these times when educational standards, assessment, and evaluation of core subjects seem to dominate the public school agenda including early childhood, the challenge for educators to provide essential art experiences for children is daunting. Examinations of the greater educational value of art media can reveal some answers. Knowing how…

Swann, Annette

2005-01-01

408

Readings on Multicultural Learning in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents eight scholarly articles on the multicultural milieu in which children grow and develop. Readings address the following questions: (1) What is culture and how is it formed? (2) How do people develop their cultural orientation? (3) What are some major insights about culture that are critical to the early childhood educator's…

Swick, Kevin J., Ed.

409

Integrating Concrete and Virtual Manipulatives in Early Childhood Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood teachers around the country and the world guide children's mathematical learning through the use of manipulatives--pattern blocks, base blocks, geoboards, Unifx cubes, Cuisenaire rods, coins, clocks, and so on. Manipulatives allow concrete, hands-on exploration and representation of mathematical concepts. In the past few years,…

Rosen, Dina; Hoffman, Jo

2009-01-01

410

Minnesota Early Childhood Indicators of Progress: A Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stressing the importance of collective efforts among families, early childhood care and education programs, communities, and policymakers in supporting the learning and development of children, this resource guide provides a framework for understanding and communicating a common set of developmentally appropriate expectations for young children…

2000

411

Early Childhood Professionals' Experience of Time to Facilitate Children's Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the second phase of the Froebel Research Fellowship project "Ownership and Autonomy in Early Childhood" (2003-5). Based on the first phase of the project (Robson and Hargreaves, 2005), a questionnaire survey of 80 professionals working in the Foundation Stage (age 3-5) in England was conducted to obtain an overview of their…

Fumoto, Hiroko; Robson, Sue

2006-01-01

412

Early Childhood Education for Sustainability: Recommendations for Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following recommendations for "Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)" in Early Childhood Education were the product of an extended international collaboration that was supported by a number of bodies including the Centre for Environment and Sustainability in Gothenburg, the Swedish Ministry of Education and Research, the Swedish National…

Daries, Julie; Engdahl, Ingrid; Otieno, Lorraine; Pramling-Samuelson, Ingrid; Siraj-Blatchford, John; Vallabh, Priya

2009-01-01

413

Fall Activities for the Early Childhood and Special Education Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for teachers of early childhood or special education students, this guide contains instructions and illustrations for classroom activities for the months of September, October, and November. Most of the activities involve art projects and many incorporate teaching in other subject areas such as mathematics, language arts, science, and…

Denton, Penny

414

The Early Childhood Services Coordination Evaluation. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In addition to making recommendations for more effective coordination of Early Childhood Services (ECS) in Alberta, Canada, this document assesses a 3-year pilot study in which five regional coordinating committees were granted funds to increase the coordination of services in their regions. Evaluation data were collected from the committees and…

Harvey Social Research, Ltd., Sherwood Park (Alberta).

415

Tracking Club Sport Participation from Childhood to Early Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the strength of tracking sport participation from childhood to early adulthood among the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study cohort. Participation in sport, dance, or gymnastics as part of a club or group (outside of school) was assessed at ages 7, 9, 15, 18, and 21 years. In addition to the traditionally…

Richards, Rosalina; Williams, Sheila; Poulton, Richie; Reeder, Anthony I.

2007-01-01

416

A Brief Guide to Newsletters in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a brief listing of 31 informative newsletters and bulletins concerned directly with, or related to, the field of early childhood education. Each listing contains the publication's title, scope, frequency of publication and subscription information. The guide offers a wide variety of materials of interest to teachers, parents,…

Allgaier, Janet Fagan, Comp.

417

Home-School Communication in the Early Childhood Development Phase  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the practices of home-school communication in the Early Childhood Development (ECD) phase in South Africa. The aims of this qualitative investigation were to determine the nature and effectiveness of home-school communication practices and to make recommendations on how communication can be improved to facilitate better…

Bridgemohan, Radhike; van Wyk, Noleen; van Staden, Christie

2005-01-01

418

Parental Engagement in Early Childhood Education at Home  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses data from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy to identify relationships between parents' demographic/socioeconomic backgrounds and their self-reported frequencies of engaging in early childhood education activities. It also examines race/ethnicity-related disparities in the frequency of reading to children and using…

Chen, Jing; Pisani, Lauren; White, Sheida; Soroui, Jaleh

2012-01-01

419

Communicating and Thinking through Drawing Activity in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers drawing as a meaning-making activity that takes place in certain sociocultural contexts to find evidence for its communicative potentials as well as the relationship between thought and drawing in early childhood. The researcher challenges traditional views about young children's drawing that focus on the result of the…

Papandreou, Maria

2014-01-01

420

HEALTH PROMOTION : A NEW LEADERSHIP ROLE FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD PROFESSIONALS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that there is a need to articulate the link between concepts of health promotion and the early childhood tradition of quality care, and to establish child care centres as settings for health promotion. The World Health Organisation notion of health promotion is used to describe an approach to health which includes not only the absence of disease,

Jacqueline Hayden; John J. Macdonald

2000-01-01

421

Schematising in Early Childhood Mathematics Education: Why, When and How?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussions about the beginnings of mathematics education in early childhood are often caught up in a dilemma: should we stimulate spontaneous actions or provide direct instruction about elementary number-related actions? In this article we argue that either approach is problematic and neither is an optimal way of promoting the development of…

Dijk, Eelje F.; van Oers, Bert; Terwel, Jan

2004-01-01

422

Schematising in early childhood mathematics education: Why, when and how?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discussions about the beginnings of mathematics education in early childhood are often caught up in a dilemma: should we stimulate spontaneous actions or provide direct instruction about elementary number-related actions? In this article we argue that either approach is problematic and neither is an optimal way of promoting the development of mathematical thinking. Using a socio-cultural perspective, we propose an

Eelje F. Dijk; Bert van Oers; Jan Terwel

2004-01-01

423

Teaching children with ADHD: Icelandic early childhood teachers' perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medication for the treatment of Attention Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has increased tremendously in Iceland during the last decade and the country has now the highest prescription rates for methylphenidate in the world. This study examines Icelandic early childhood teachers’ experiences and perspectives of children with behavioural problems and ADHD?associated behaviour as well as the support and conditions they feel these

Johanna Einarsdottir

2008-01-01

424

Neuroscience, Play and Early Childhood Education: Connections, Implications and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paralleling the works of Cambourne's Conditions of Literacy Learning ("The Reading Teacher, 54"(4), 414-429, 2001), Copple and Bredekamp's ("Developmentally appropriate practice in early childhood programs serving children from birth though age." National Association for the Education of Young Children, Washington, 2009) Developmentally…

Rushton, Stephen; Juola-Rushton, Anne; Larkin, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

425

Early Parental Adjustment and Bereavement after Childhood Cancer Death  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study comprehensively explored parental bereavement and adjustment at 6 months post-loss due to childhood cancer. Interviews were conducted with 18 mothers and 13 fathers. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed based on qualitative methodology. A model describing early parental bereavement and adaptation emerged with 3 domains:…

Barrera, Maru; O'connor, Kathleen; D'Agostino, Norma Mammone; Spencer, Lynlee; Nicholas, David; Jovcevska, Vesna; Tallet, Susan; Schneiderman, Gerald

2009-01-01

426

Early Childhood/Elementary Essential Elements Texas Style.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 1980s, the passage of two laws--Chapter 75 of the Texas Education Code (providing for a well-balanced curriculum) and Texas Senate bill 50 (mandating teacher testing prior to certification)--has led to many changes in elementary and early childhood education as well as teacher education in Texas. In teacher education programs, course…

Gratz, Elizabeth W.

427

Childhood Maltreatment Increases Risk for Personality Disorders During Early Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Data from a community-based longitu- dinal study were used to investigate whether childhood abuse and neglect increases risk for personality disor- ders (PDs) during early adulthood. Methods: Psychosocial and psychiatric interviews were administered to a representative community sample of 639 youths and their mothers from 2 counties in the state of New York in 1975, 1983, 1985 to 1986,

Jeffrey G. Johnson; Patricia Cohen; Jocelyn Brown; Elizabeth M. Smailes; David P. Bernstein

1999-01-01

428

Mathematical and Scientific Development in Early Childhood: A Workshop Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Research Council (NRC), through the Center for Education (CFE), wishes to build on the work in early childhood it has already done. In particular, the NRC wishes to focus on research on young children and their learning of mathematical and scientific ideas. The workshop that is the subject of this report, one in a series of workshops…

Beatty, Alix

2005-01-01

429

Environmental Education in 2002 and 2006 Early Childhood Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study is to analyze comparatively 2002 (previous) and 2006 (current) Early Childhood Curricula with regard to concepts and attainments associated with environmental education (EE). 2002 and 2006 preschool curricula were firstly retrieved from the web-site of Board of Education and then subjected to content analysis across 41…

Erdogan, Mehmet; Bahar, Mehmet; Ozel, Ruhan; Erdas, Eda; Usak, Muhammet

2012-01-01

430

Timing of Childhood Events and Early-Adult Household Formation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identified a number of risk factors contributing to early household formation. Found that for girls, factors included mother's educational level and birth order; for boys, parental divorce at any stage of childhood. Risk factors common to boys and girls were age of mother at time of child's birth and race. (HTH)

Hill, Martha S.; And Others

1996-01-01

431

Trends in Early Childhood Education in the United Kingdom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is provided in this discussion of major developments in preschool education in the United Kingdom from 1973 to 1983. The first section offers general observations and covers major trends: rapid social change, the low priority accorded to preschooling, diversity as a key feature of early childhood education, children with special needs,…

Shinman, Sheila M.

432

Suffolk County Community College: Early Childhood Program Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews Suffolk County Community College's (New York) Early Childhood Program. The document begins with an overview of the program's goals, intentions, student requirements, recent student outcomes, and recommendations for future goals and focuses of the program. The program's intent is to prepare individuals for working with young…

Hochman, Darlene; Cummings, Kathleen; Elek-Fisk, Elvira; Jefferson, Marcia; Means, Robin; Weber, Alan

433

Identification of the Social Development in Early Childhood in Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to identify the social development in early childhood years. It was delimited to eight private schools of Lahore City from the area of Faisal Town and Shadman. Forty students (male and female) were randomly selected as the sample. Five students from Nursery, Prep and grade one were selected from each school. A checklist…

Malik, Asif; Sarwar, Muhammad; Khan, Naeemullah

2010-01-01

434

Kansas Early Childhood Research Institute on Transitions: Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This executive summary reviews activities over the past 5 years of the Kansas Early Childhood Research Institute (KECRI). The Institute has addressed transition issues faced by infants and young children (and their families) who have a disability or are at risk for developmental delay. KECRI goals are stated and the importance and impact of the…

Rice, Mabel L.; O'Brien, Marion

435

Early childhood reading educators' perceptions of reading readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Delphi technique was used to determine whether Early Childhood Reading Educators could move toward consensus on three basic questions related to reading readiness: (1) What is reading readiness? (2) How do we know when a child is ready to read? (3) What should be included in an appropriate reading readiness curriculum for kindergarteners? Jurors’ responses to the first interrogation

La Visa Cam Wilson; Jan Thrower

1986-01-01

436

The Paradox of Power in Leadership in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Western frameworks for school improvement, including the stakeholder model and the model of decentralized leadership, have recently been promoted as solutions for school improvement. Using early childhood education in Hong Kong as an illustrative case, this article focuses on the power and authority of leadership in school decision making. The…

Ho, Dora

2012-01-01

437

Conservation Seeds Activities Book. An Early Childhood Conservation Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activities book is used with an early childhood conservation education program. The activities are presented in four color-coded sections, each section representing one of the four seasons. Each activity includes a statement of purpose, list of materials needed, instructional strategies, and a list of supplementary activities. In addition to…

Griffin, Sherri

438

Workplace Violence in Early Childhood Settings: A Counter Narrative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that portrayals of early childhood settings as communities of care distinguish them from other education contexts, this paper presents a counter-narrative that focuses on workplace tensions experienced by an Australian preschool teacher. The counter-narrative was informed by informal interviews held 4 times yearly over a period of 7 years…

Sumsion, Jennifer

439

The Role of Schools in Sustaining Early Childhood Program Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of articles in this journal issue have documented effects of early childhood programs on children's cognitive abilities, achievement, and social adjustment as they mature to become schoolchildren, adolescents, and young adults. This article careful- ly considers the role that school experiences play in transmitting and sustaining the cognitive gains made by children in preschool. The author discusses the

Doris R. Entwisle

1995-01-01

440

Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous works on educators who built the field of early childhood education do not provide the researcher with primary and secondary sources or information on multicultural educators, nor do they discuss some of the more current leading educators. This reference book provides biographies and bibliographies of selected pre-modern and modern men…

Peltzman, Barbara Ruth

441

A Finnish Viewpoint on Professionalism in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses professionalism in early childhood education through the analytical tool of a research-based multi-level perspective that sees this as a cultural, communal, organisational, and individual phenomenon. Starting from an understanding of professionalism derived from a model of professional expertise, the article discusses the…

Karila, Kirsti

2008-01-01

442

The Advocacy of Educators: Perspectives from Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates early childhood educators' perceptions of advocacy in raising the professional status with multiple stakeholders in diverse contexts. The article reports on findings from a phenomenological study investigating the perceptions of 12 educators working full time in long-day-care settings across Sydney, New South Wales (NSW),…

Mevawalla, Zinnia; Hadley, Fay

2012-01-01

443

Relational aggression in sibling and peer relationships during early childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of siblings (N = 50) in the display of physical and relational aggression among peers during early childhood was explored. Specifically, sibling pairs' rates of physical and relational aggression were assessed in their independent social contexts. Findings indicated low to moderate levels of intercorrelation between physical and relational aggression and moderate levels of stability for both physical and

Jamie M. Ostrov; Nicki R. Crick; Kirstin Stauffacher

2006-01-01

444

Early Childhood Education: Lessons from the States and Abroad, 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education has received an increasing amount of attention in the last two decades in the United States and in other countries. There is now a strong consensus on the many benefits of preschool. Studies have shown that attending a high-quality preschool program not only increases children's readiness for kindergarten, but also causes…

Sacks, Lynne; Ruzzi, Betsy Brown

2005-01-01

445

Developmental Needs and Early Childhood Education: Evolutionary, My Dear Watson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining the processes of natural selection, described by Darwin in "The Origin of Species", casts light on our own species' fundamental needs and on the far greater role that early childhood educators can play in their fulfillment. The second section of this paper analyzes how our fundamental needs emerge in a sequence underpinned by the…

Henry, Margaret

2004-01-01

446

Early Childhood Teacher Education: Historical Themes and Contemporary Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, many states have increased their investment in prekindergarten (pre-K) school programs that serve 3- and 4-year-old children. This increase has raised questions about what constitutes a well-qualified early childhood teacher. Similar questions were raised in the late part of the nineteenth century when states began investing…

Blank, Jolyn

2010-01-01

447

The Incoherence of Curriculum: Questions Concerning Early Childhood Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines curriculum debates, particularly those that influence an understanding of the nature and purpose of curriculum, in providing teacher education and in influencing teaching practice. The work of Martin Heidegger provides a framework for questioning the early childhood teacher education curriculum. Central to this analysis are…

Gibbons, Andrew N.

2011-01-01

448

Music Experience in Early Childhood: Potential for Emotion Knowledge?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most cultures carry an idea of music being connected to emotion. New research suggests that we may also acquire emotion knowledge from our music experiences. This article investigates music experience as a mediating tool for emotion knowledge in early childhood, as revealed through qualitative interviews of adults. The interviewees describe music…

Vist, Torill

2011-01-01

449

Early childhood nutrition and academic achievement: a longitudinal analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many policymakers propose early childhood nutrition programs as a way to increase students’ academic achievement. This paper investigates the nutrition–learning nexus using a unique longitudinal data set that follows a large sample of Filipino children from birth until the end of their primary education. We find that better nourished children perform significantly better in school, partly because they enter school

Paul Glewwe; Hanan G. Jacoby; Elizabeth M. King

2001-01-01

450

Writing in Early Childhood Classrooms: Guidance for Best Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing is a critical emergent literacy skill that lays the foundation for children's later literacy skills and reading achievement. Recent work indicates that many early childhood programs offer children materials and tools for engaging in writing activities but teachers rarely are seen modeling writing for children or scaffolding children's…

Gerde, Hope K.; Bingham, Gary E.; Wasik, Barbara A.

2012-01-01

451

The State of Teacher Research in Early Childhood Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this descriptive study was to show the extent to which early childhood teacher educators are informed about, engage in, teach about, value, and collaborate with others in teacher research. Teacher research was defined as research (systematic data collection and analysis) teacher educators do on their own, primarily to better…

Castle, Kathryn

2013-01-01

452

Greek Parents' Perceptions of Male Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported here examined Greek parents' perceptions of barriers to men entering the early childhood education and care profession and their recommendations for recruiting more males into the field. Parents were asked to respond on a Likert scale to statements regarding males' decision to enter the profession, possible benefits for male…

Rentzou, Konstantina

2011-01-01

453

Building Leadership Capacity in Early Childhood Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building leadership capacity has emerged as a key concern within the early childhood profession in Australia as the sector responds to recent national reforms focusing on raising standards and improving quality provision of services. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the discussion around these reforms and to make a case for changes…

Campbell-Evans, Glenda; Stamopoulos, Elizabeth; Maloney, Carmel

2014-01-01

454

Knowledge of Multicultural Literature among Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's ever changing multicultural society, it is imperative for early childhood educators to be adept at facilitating the learning and progress of all children. In the United States, children of color make up about 40% of the population, and across the world children of color make up approximately 70% of the population. A primary goal in…

Brinson, Sabrina A.

2012-01-01

455

Investing in Kids: Early Childhood Programs and Local Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood programs, if designed correctly, pay big economic dividends down the road because they increase the skills of their participants. And since many of those participants will remain in the same state or local area as adults, the local economy benefits: more persons with better skills attract business, which provides more and better…

Bartik, Timothy J.

2011-01-01

456

Identifying Online Preferences and Needs of Early Childhood Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing number of early childhood professionals use the Internet to improve their skills, knowledge, and practice. The Internet may be a practical alternative for providing high-quality, research-based training, information, and resources to these professionals. When designing online materials and Web sites, however, it is important to first…

Weigel, Daniel J.; Weiser, Dana A.; Bales, Diane W.; Moyses, Kendra J.

2012-01-01

457

Professional Development for Early Childhood Education: A National Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article introduces the reader to a special issue of "NHSA Dialog" that focuses on the professional development (PD) of early childhood educators. The article opens with a perspective from a historical lens, namely that of PD in K-12 education and the evolution of Learning Forward, formerly the National Staff Development Council. The recently…

Shore, Rebecca Ann

2012-01-01

458

More Alike than Different: Early Childhood Professional Development in Guatemala  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an early childhood professional development project that took place in the summer of 2005 in Guatemala City. Located in Central America, Guatemala has a population of approximately 12.3 million people, including more than two million children under the age of 5 (UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2007; UNICEF, 2004). Events…

Hardin, Belinda J.; Vardell, Rosemarie; de Castaneda, Albertina

2008-01-01

459

Incremental Validity in the Clinical Assessment of Early Childhood Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors demonstrate the increment of clinical validity in early childhood assessment of physical impairment (PI), developmental delay (DD), and autism (AUT) using multiple standardized developmental screening measures such as performance measures and parent and teacher rating scales. Hierarchical regression and sensitivity/specificity analyses…

Liu, Xin; Zhou, Xiaobin; Lackaff, Julie

2013-01-01

460

Building an educative community for early childhood development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article briefly describes the policy changes in Early Childhood Development in South Africa since 1994. It describes an attempt in Northern Province to generate discussion about the changes with a group of teacher?practitioners and to highlight the action necessary to develop and implement the policies. The methodology of the process is discussed, with particular reference to the role of

Norma Rudolph

1996-01-01

461

Expanding early childhood development services: Labour market challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines some of the challenges in rapidly expanding early childhood development (ECD) service delivery in a way that meets acceptable quality standards and that generates sustainable employment, based on findings from the “Scaling up ECD (0–4)” programme at the HSRC. It reviews the service delivery gap, outlines government's emerging ECD programme, links this to its potential contribution to

Miriam Altman

2008-01-01

462

Understanding Families: Applying Family Systems Theory to Early Childhood Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working with families is one of the most important aspects of being an early childhood professional, yet it is an area in which many educators have received little preparation (Nieto 2004). Teachers spend hours learning about child development, developmentally appropriate practices, health and safety, playgrounds, and play. At times it seems that…

Christian, Linda Garris

2006-01-01

463

Continuing Professional Development in Early Childhood Education in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the influences on and nature of continuing professional development in the New Zealand early childhood education sector. In addition to discussing the nature of professional development and providing an explanation of the policy context that informs the delivery of professional development, the paper draws on evaluations of…

Cherrington, Sue; Thornton, Kate

2013-01-01

464

The Importance of Music Centers in the Early Childhood Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of music centers in the early childhood class to the development of music abilities of children. Significance of understanding of the fundamental concepts in music including pitch and duration to the musical skills of primary and elementary students; Impact of environment on the learning abilities of children; Role of…

Kenney, Susan

2004-01-01

465

An Introduction to Early Childhood Studies. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second edition of this best-selling textbook provides students and practitioners with a broad introduction to, and critical analysis of, the main theories and issues within the field of early childhood studies. The book adopts a multi-disciplinary approach and pulls together all the key themes involved in the study of young children and…

Maynard, Trisha, Ed.; Thomas, Nigel, Ed.

2009-01-01

466

Being Maori: Culturally Relevant Assessment in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concern has been raised about the under-achievement of Maori children in education. The problem has tended to be located with Maori children rather than with assessments. Clearly if one takes a sociocultural perspective achievement is situated. Although studies in early childhood education have examined and developed assessment tools and…

Rameka, Lesley Kay

2011-01-01

467

Early childhood lead exposure and exceptionality designations for students  

PubMed Central

The achievement gap continues to be an important educational issue, with disadvantaged groups exhibiting poorer school performance. Recently, literature has shown that even very low levels of early lead exposure affect cognitive and academic performance. As individuals at the lower end of the socioeconomic spectrum are more likely to be exposed to lead, this exposure may be an important contributor to the achievement gap. In this paper, we explore whether early childhood blood lead levels are associated with membership in exceptionality designation groups. In addition, we examine the racial and socioeconomic composition of these exceptional groups. Data from the North Carolina Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program surveillance registry were linked at the individual child level to educational outcomes available through the North Carolina Education Research Data Center. Designation into exceptionality groups was obtained from the end-of-grade (EOG) data. Both standard bivariate and multivariate analyses were employed. Bivariate analyses indicate that blood lead levels and reading EOG scores differ by exceptionality, as well as by race and enrollment in free/reduced lunch. Logistic regression confirmed the relationship between blood lead levels and likelihood of exceptionality. Contextual factors – enrollment in the free/reduced lunch program, race, and parental education – are also significant with regard to exceptionality. This study demonstrates that early childhood lead exposure significantly influences the likelihood of being designated exceptional. These results provide additional evidence that early childhood lead exposure is a significant explanator of the achievement gap.

Miranda, Marie Lynn; Maxson, Pamela; Kim, Dohyeong

2009-01-01

468

Deception and Subtypes of Aggression during Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multi-informant study investigated the association between deception capacities and subtypes of aggression in a young early childhood sample (M=44.65 months of age, SD=13.39, N=64). A newly developed teacher report of deception had appropriate psychometric properties (reliability, concurrent validity, and construct validity). Recently introduced…

Ostrov, Jamie M.

2006-01-01

469

Internship: An Innovation in Early Childhood Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and features of an innovative field experience program, in the form of an internship, for early childhood student teachers, as part of a four-year Bachelor of Education Degree at Australia's University of Newcastle. Discusses participants' perceptions of the internship as a professionalizing experience. (HTH)

Davies, Margaret; Pollnitz, Lois

1994-01-01

470

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Slovak Republic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) is a topic of increased policy interest in the Slovak Republic where improving quality in the ECEC sector is a subject of growing importance. The OECD has identified five effective policy levers to encourage quality in the sector: 1) quality goals and regulations; 2) curriculum and guidelines; 3)…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2012-01-01

471

An Early Childhood Educator's Guide to Prosocial Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews research findings that are related to fostering prosocial behavior in the early childhood and elementary classroom. A collection of "experimental best bets" for increasing prosocial behavior in young children is outlined. This collection covers the role of reinforcement and modeling or imitation, the importance of group norms,…

Floody, Dale R.

472

Relational Aggression in Sibling and Peer Relationships during Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of siblings ("N" = 50) in the display of physical and relational aggression among peers during early childhood was explored. Specifically, sibling pairs' rates of physical and relational aggression were assessed in their independent social contexts. Findings indicated low to moderate levels of intercorrelation between physical and…

Ostrov, Jamie M.; Crick, Nicki R.; Stauffacher, Kirstin

2006-01-01

473

Talking Early Childhood Education: Fictional Enquiry with Historical Figures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of fictional writing, and in particular fictional dialogue, has gained increasing credibility and popularity within the field of qualitative social science research (Clough, 2002; Denzin, 1997; Tierney, 1998) but research in early childhood education has yet to exploit such methodologies. This article asks: what is meant by the term…

Selbie, Philip; Clough, Peter

2005-01-01

474

Early Childhood Education for Limited-English-Proficient Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to examine the benefits of early childhood education (ECE) for children whose proficiency in English is limited. Specifically, the paper (1) defines the basic characteristics of limited English proficient (LEP) children; (2) discusses educational risk factors and preschool enrollments of LEP children; (3) presents the…

Hoegl, Juergen

475

School-Community Program in Early Childhood Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is the Program in Early Childhood Development (PECD), a school-community project initially funded under Title III to provide identification, diagnostic, and intervention services for 3-to 5-year-old children in Evanston, Illinois prior to kindergarten entry. Two major sections deal with screening procedures (in such areas as…

Holliday, Frances B.; Olswang, Lesley B.

476

Early Childhood Education: Policy Issues for the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the separation of child-related policy makers from practitioners who know best what is good and appropriate for children, this anthology is designed as a guide for child-related policy development. The book's chapters are as follows: (1) "Early Childhood Policy" (Dolores A. Stegelin), providing an historical context and identifying eight…

Stegelin, Dolores A., Ed.

477

Formal Education, Credential, or Both: Early Childhood Program Classroom Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: This study is intended to widen the debate around the bachelor's degree (BA) as preparation for early childhood teaching when head teachers possess various levels of credentials and education. We examined classroom quality and teacher involvement in 231 classrooms sponsored by 122 different agencies, staffed and supervised by…

Vu, Jennifer A.; Jeon, Hyun-Joo; Howes, Carollee

2008-01-01

478

Common Worlds: Reconceptualising Inclusion in Early Childhood Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Common worlds" is a conceptual framework developed to reconceptualise inclusion in early childhood communities. Common worlds take account of children's relations with all the others in their worlds--including the more-than-human others. The ethics and politics of living together in these common worlds is the central concern of this article. The…

Taylor, Affrica; Giugni, Miriam

2012-01-01

479

Routines and Transitions: A Guide for Early Childhood Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In early childhood settings, children spend over 50 percent of their time on handwashing, dressing, napping, and other routines and transitions. "Routines and Transitions" is a guide to help turn these routine daily activities into learning experiences. By using transitions wisely, providers not only help children develop skills, but also run a…

Malenfont, Nicole

2006-01-01

480

Interactive Bulletin Boards in the Early Childhood Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interactive bulletin boards for early childhood rooms can often be made with supplies and materials used for other games and activities. This paper tells how it can be done. The project is interactive in that children are involved in decisions about the appearance of the completed board. Additional topics of discussion in this paper include…

Tweedie, Pat

481

Directory of Selected Early Childhood Programs, 1991-1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory of selected early childhood programs sponsored by the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) includes project grants in the following program categories administered by the Office of Special Education Programs: the Division of Innovation and Development (DID), the Division of Personnel Preparation (DPP), and…

Decker, Marcia J., Ed.

482

Social Experiences in Infancy and Early Childhood Co-Sleeping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infancy and early childhood sleep-wake behaviours from current and retrospective parental reports were used to explore the relationship between sleeping arrangements and parent-child nighttime interactions at both time points. Children (N = 45) from educated, middle-class families, mostly breastfed in infancy, composed a convenience sample that…

Hayes, Marie J.; Fukumizu, Michio; Troese, Marcia; Sallinen, Bethany A.; Gilles, Allyson A.

2007-01-01

483

Early Childhood Mathematics Education Research: What is Needed Now?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last four years there have been a number of calls for research into many aspects of early childhood mathematics education. As well, there has been an unprecedented increase in Australasian research in this field. How have these two factors matched? That is, are mathematics education researchers studying the aspects of the field that have been identified for further

Bob Perry; Sue Dockett

484

University-Qualified Indigenous Early Childhood Teachers Voices of Resilience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrating persistence and resilience, increasing numbers of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander early childhood teachers are gaining university qualifications. This paper explores factors that support and constrain these students on the path to their degrees. Investigated through a cycle of interviews and focus groups, otherwise perceived as…

Fleet, Alama; Kitson, Ros; Cassady, Bevan; Hughes, Ross

2007-01-01

485

Creating a Unified, Comprehensive System of Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Education Network was created as a result of a year-long collaborative project between the National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE) and the Policymaker Partnership to help states create an infrastructure to support the delivery of quality services to children and their families. The boards of education in six…

National Association of State Boards of Education, Alexandria, VA.

486

Early Childhood Education. Building Community Systems for Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a series of reports designed to support the implementation of Proposition 10: The California Children and Families Act and to provide comprehensive and authoritative information on critical issues concerning young children and families in California, this report summarizes research on the effects of early childhood education and…

Stipek, Deborah; Ogawa, Terry

487

Early Childhood Program Standards for Three and Four Year Olds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the Massachusetts Early Childhood Program Standards and Learning Guidelines for Three- and Four-Year-Olds, required for programs receiving funding through Community Partnerships for Children (CPC). The standards were developed in accord with the accreditation process of the National Association for the Education of Young…

Franklin, Sandra Putnam; Lamana, Annette; Van Thiel, Lisa

488

Early Childhood Leadership through the Lens of Distributed Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to investigate distribution of responsibilities for leadership in early childhood education (ECE) context. It focuses on the enactments of leadership by investigating how ECE stakeholders, e.g. teachers, ECE centre directors and administrative ECE leaders in municipalities perceive the leadership responsibilities. Using focus…

Heikka, Johanna; Hujala, Eeva

2013-01-01

489

Individual Differences in Sibling Teaching in Early and Middle Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Sibling teaching and learning behaviors were investigated in 2 studies of children in early and middle childhood. Study 1 addressed individual differences in teaching/learning and associations with dyadic age, age gap, gender, birth order, and relationship quality in 71 middle-class dyads (firstborns M age = 81.54 months;…

Howe, Nina; Recchia, Holly

2009-01-01

490

The Role of Television in Early Childhood Education in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational television is used in Japan at the early childhood, elementary, and secondary education levels. Educational broadcasting is provided by the public broadcasting company, NHK (Nippon Hoso Kyokai) and various commercial broadcasting companies. Instructional aids are produced by either NHK or one of the commercial companies, and there is…

Blinco, Priscilla N.

491

Australian Research in Early Childhood Education. Volume 1, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal consists of selected refereed papers from the third Annual Conference of the Australian Research in Early Childhood Education (1995). Contained in the publication are the following articles: (1) "Longitudinal Studies--Are They Worth It?" (Judith Cowley); (2) "Scripts for Learning: Reflecting Dynamics of Classroom Life" (Joy Cullen,…

Fleer, Marilyn, Ed.

1996-01-01

492

The Development of an Early Childhood Teacher Research Collaborative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates young children's understanding of and relationships to their communities and the natural world. Inspired by the pedagogy of Reggio Emilia (Edwards, Gandini, & Forman, 1998) and guided by the concept of documentation as a cycle of inquiry (Gandini & Goldhaber, 2001), a group of early childhood educators from across the…

Goldhaber, Jeanne

2007-01-01

493

Examining the Reggio Emilia Approach to Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights points that guide the Reggio Emilia approach to early childhood education: the learner is a social being who possesses rights and is an active constructor of knowledge; the instructors' role is one of collaborator and co-learner, guiding and facilitating, as well as researching; and knowledge is socially constructed, encompassing…

Hewett, Valarie Mercilliott

2001-01-01

494

The Construction Site Project: Transforming Early Childhood Teacher Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The work of Malaguzzi (in Edwards, Gandini, & Forman, 1998; Fraser, 2006) has made the fundamentals of the preschools of Reggio Emilia familiar to many early childhood educators. The article describes an authentic project that enhanced undergraduate and postgraduate participants' understanding of the impact of collaboration, conversation, and…

McNaughton, Kathryn; Krentz, Caroline

2007-01-01

495

Challenges in Early Childhood Environments: Voices from the Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocating for young children is a primary focus of professionals in early childhood education (ECE). The complex nature of the EC profession requires comprehensive and multidimensional professional development opportunities. The purpose of this study was to identify current challenges faced by ECE professionals. The intent was to gather…

Johnson, Celia E.; Lee, Hwa; Templeton, Rosalyn Anstine

496

Participatory Learning Theories: A Framework for Early Childhood Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper continues scholarly conversations about appropriate theories of development to underpin early childhood pedagogy. It focuses on sociocultural theoretical perspectives and proposes that participatory learning theories (PLTs) underpin pedagogy built on principles specified in three curricular documents. Further, the paper argues that the…

Hedges, Helen; Cullen, Joy

2012-01-01

497

Socioeconomic Status and Trajectory of Overweight from Birth to Mid-Childhood: The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort  

PubMed Central

Objective Our objective was to use longitudinal data from a US birth cohort to test whether the probability of overweight or obesity during the first 6 years of life varied according to socioeconomic status. Design and Methods Using six waves of longitudinal data from full-term children in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (2001–2007; n?4,950), we examined the prevalence of overweight or obesity (Body Mass Index (BMI)>2 standard deviations above age- and sex- specific WHO Childhood Growth Standard reference mean; henceforth, “overweight/obesity”) according to age, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity using generalized estimating equation models. Results The association between socioeconomic status and overweight/obesity varied significantly by race/ethnicity, but not by sex. Overweight/obesity was significantly associated with socioeconomic status among whites, Hispanics and Asians; the adjusted odds of overweight/obesity began to diverge according to SES after the first 9 months of life. By approximately 4 years, children with the highest SES had a significantly lower odds of overweight/obesity. SES was not significantly related to overweight/obesity among African Americans and American Indians during early childhood. Conclusions Few studies have assessed the associations between SES and overweight/obesity within racial/ethnic groups in the US. We find that in contemporary, US-born children, SES was inversely associated with overweight/obesity among more racial/ethnic groups (whites, Hispanics, and Asians) than previously reported.

Jones-Smith, Jessica C.; Dieckmann, Marlowe Gates; Gottlieb, Laura; Chow, Jessica; Fernald, Lia C. H.

2014-01-01

498

Academy Update (Early Childhood Professionals Collaborating for Quality), 1986-1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the first 15 consecutive issues of a newsletter published by the National Academy of Early Childhood Programs (The Academy), a division of the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC). The newsletter focuses on providing information and feedback on early childhood programs for early childhood

Academy Update, 1992

1992-01-01

499

No Child Misunderstood: Enhancing Early Childhood Teachers' Multicultural Responsiveness to the Social Competence of Diverse Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of rapid demographic changes in our society, more children from diverse racial/cultural backgrounds join our early childhood classrooms. The majority of early childhood teachers, on the other hand, are middle-class and of European-decent. This paper provides early childhood teachers with both theoretical and practical understandings…

Han, Heejeong Sophia; Thomas, M. Shelley

2010-01-01

500

Integrating Mathematics and Literacy in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1998-1999 academic year, the authors' state board of teaching changed the licensure configurations in early childhood from Birth to Age 5 to Birth through Age 8. This made early childhood teacher licensure commensurate with the National Association for the Education of Young Children's recommendation that an early childhood program is…

Wohlhuter, Kay A.; Quintero, Elizabeth

2003-01-01