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1

Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book summarizes theory and discusses major issues pertaining to child development in the early childhood years. Chapter I provides an introduction to the conceptual framework and major theories of child development. Chapter II deals with motor, sensory, and perceptual development. Chapter III focuses on the cognitive-developmental theory of…

Peters, Donald L.; Willis, Sherry L.

2

Furman University's Early Childhood  

E-print Network

Furman University's Early Childhood Education Graduate Studies in Education .furman.edu/gradstudies> Early Childhood Education Designed to add endorsement in early childhood to a teaching certificate in early childhood courses, concluding in the Master's Seminar. The program may be completed

3

Models of Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inspired by the High/Scope educational approach, this book attempts to systematically and objectively compare different curriculum-based approaches to training early childhood teachers, and to assess how these models could individually and collectively address the problem of improving early childhood program quality nationwide. An analytical and…

Epstein, Ann S.; And Others

4

Knowledge Judgments and Object Memory Processes in Early Childhood: Support for the Dual Criterion Account of Object Nameability Judgment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the dual criterion account of early linguistic judgment (Merriman & Lipko, 2008), preschool-aged children who possess more efficient object memory processes should also be more accurate judges of whether various objects have known names. In support of this claim, both the accuracy of object recognition and the speed of object naming…

Lipowski, Stacy L.; Merriman, William E.

2011-01-01

5

Reframing Early Childhood Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid changes in Australian education have intensified the role of early childhood leaders and led to unprecedented challenges. The Australian Curriculum (ACARA, 2011), mandated Australian "National Quality Framework" (NQF) for Early Childhood Education & Care (DEEWR, 2010b) and the "National Early Years Learning Framework" (EYLF) (DEEWR, 2009)…

Stamopoulos, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

6

Early Childhood. Bachelor of Teaching  

E-print Network

Early Childhood. 2014 Bachelor of Teaching & Learning (Early Childhood) College of Education;3 Bachelor of Teaching and Learning (Early Childhood) The Bachelor of Teaching and Learning (Early Childhood that prepares students for a teaching career in the early childhood sector (0 ­ 5 years). This is the preferred

Hickman, Mark

7

EARLY YEARS CONFERENCE SHAPING CHILDHOOD  

E-print Network

EARLY YEARS CONFERENCE SHAPING CHILDHOOD: Factors that Matter 2014 Sponsored by In co 31 FEBRUARY 1to 2014 #12;EARLY YEARS CONFERENCE 2014 | SHAPING CHILDHOOD: FACTORS THAT MATTER 2 research on early childhood development

Handy, Todd C.

8

Early childhood aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this thesis the development, stability, and correlates of early childhood aggression were investigated. The normative development was examined in a general population sample using questionnaires completed by the parents of 12-, 24-, and 36-month-old children and again one year later. Results showed an early childhood aggression curve, with increasing rates of aggression in the second year of life and

Lenneke Rosalie Agnes Alink

2006-01-01

9

Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In five sections, this paper explores dimensions of early childhood education: schooling generally construed as nonparental instruction in knowledge, values, and skills. Section 1 looks at some of the factors which have contributed to the rapid growth of early childhood education in modern times. Section 2 briefly highlights the contributions of…

Elkind, David

10

Colorado Early Childhood Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Colorado State Board of Education allocated Title IV-V funds in 1975 for a study of the status of early childhood education in Colorado. The purposes of the study were to: (1) gather data relevant to early childhood education on the status of all children from birth through age 5; (2) identify needs of children of this age within the state;…

Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver. Planning and Evaluation Unit.

11

Rethinking Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Rethinking Early Childhood Education" is alive with the conviction that teaching young children involves values and vision. This anthology collects inspiring stories about social justice teaching with young children. Included here is outstanding writing from childcare teachers, early-grade public school teachers, scholars, and parents. This book…

Pelo, Ann, Ed.

2008-01-01

12

Early Childhood Education. PREP-37.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Programs that represent major curriculum development efforts in early childhood education are described as to goals and objectives, content and materials, classroom activities, parent involvement, professional and paraprofessional training, administrative requirements and costs, program development and evaluation, and program history and present…

Chow, Stanley; And Others

13

Early Childhood Military Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does the country's national security rely on top-quality early childhood education? Yes, say the military leaders of Mission: Readiness, an organization led by retired military commanders that promotes investment in education, child health, and parenting support. Actually, the generals are right, but for all the wrong reasons. The generals' aim is…

Pelo, Ann

2011-01-01

14

EARLY YEARS CONFERENCE SHAPING CHILDHOOD  

E-print Network

EARLY YEARS CONFERENCE SHAPING CHILDHOOD: Factors that Matter 2014 Sponsored by In co 31 FEBRUARY 1to 2014 #12;Early Years Conference 2014: Shaping Childhood: Factors that Matter Social. The Early Years Conference 2014 - SHAPING CHILDHOOD: Factors that Matter was designed to broaden our

Pulfrey, David L.

15

"Doing" Social Justice in Early Childhood: The Potential of Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education has long been connected with objectives related to social justice. Australian early childhood education and care (ECEC) has its roots in philanthropic and educational reform movements prevalent at the turn of the twentieth century. More recently, with the introduction of the National Early Childhood Reform Agenda, early

Hard, Louise; Press, Frances; Gibson, Megan

2013-01-01

16

Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation  

E-print Network

Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation in Florida Final Summary of Survey, with the Program Office of Substance Abuse and Mental Health in Florida's Department of Children and Families (DCF). Background Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation (ECMHC) is an effective prevention and early

McQuade, D. Tyler

17

Early Childhood Systems: Transforming Early Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this seminal volume, leading authorities strategize about how to create early childhood systems that transcend politics and economics to serve the needs of all young children. The authors offer different interpretations of the nature of early childhood systems, discuss the elements necessary to support their development, and examine how…

Kagan, Sharon Lynn, Ed.; Kauertz, Kristie, Ed.

2012-01-01

18

Teachers in Early Childhood Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines teacher accountability and authority in early childhood policy. It reports on data from a study that investigated the influences affecting early childhood teacher decision-making at the preschool level in Victoria, Australia. Using a question raised by Ball "Where are the teachers in all this [policy]?" provided a…

Kilderry, Anna

2014-01-01

19

Speaking Out: Early Childhood Advocacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, which is addressed to early childhood educators, offers a call to action that focuses on the whys and hows of advocacy, and provides strategies for selecting issues, building support, and joining with other advocates. Chapter 1 discusses the need for early childhood advocates, contributions advocates can make to the decision-making…

Goffin, Stacie G.; Lombardi, Joan

20

Early Childhood Education in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the internal and external challenges confronting traditional early childhood education in China and describes three types of early childhood programs (nurseries, kindergartens, and preprimary programs) in China. Discusses topics of curriculum, physical environment, typical daily schedules, teaching methods, guidance and discipline, and…

Vaughan, JoAn

1993-01-01

21

Researching Early Childhood Education: European Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time when crucial questions concerning the nature of early childhood and early childhood education are being increasingly examined worldwide, an exploration of the issues, priorities, and methodologies of research in early childhood education may provide valuable material for debate. This book focuses on research in early childhood education…

David, Tricia, Ed.

22

Early Childhood Inclusion: A Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today an ever-increasing number of infants and young children with and without disabilities play and learn together in a variety of places--homes, early childhood programs, and neighborhoods, to name a few. Promoting development and belonging for every child is a widely held value among early education and intervention professionals and throughout…

Young Exceptional Children, 2009

2009-01-01

23

Reported Research Funding in Four Early Childhood Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Funding for research in the area of early childhood is an ongoing challenge. The present research objective was to identify the frequency of acknowledgment of federal funding in articles published by four leading early childhood journals from 1999 to 2008. We conducted a content analysis of 1,338 publications found in "Early Child Development and…

Walsh, Bridget A.; Sanchez, Claudia

2010-01-01

24

The Marketing of Early Childhood Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates how established marketing concepts and techniques can help early childhood organizations better specify their objectives, determine the most appropriate product-market strategies to fit available resources, develop a viable plan of action for each product offering, and establish a control/reappraisal plan. (Author/RDN)

Boyd, Harper W., Jr.; Caldwell, Bettye M.

1984-01-01

25

Temperament in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The structure of temperament proposed by the New York Longitudinal Study (NYLS) was compared to Buss and Plomin's EASI temperament theory. A similar sociability factor emerged from both systems, but other temperaments were unique. The two systems were merged to form the Colorado Childhood Temperament Inventory. (Author/MV)

Rowe, David C.; Plomin, Robert

1977-01-01

26

Culture and the Early Childhood Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the definition of culture within the context of early childhood curricula and briefly outlines the history of early childhood education. Claims that culture and child development are closely related. Examines early childhood education programs around the world and describes how the culture of each country influences the content of early

Spodek, Bernard; Saracho, Olivia N.

1996-01-01

27

Guidelines for Compensation of Early Childhood Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The demand for early childhood services has grown dra- matically in recent years, given profound changes in family employment patterns and family composition and increasing recognition of the importance of early education. Nonethe- less, there remains a persistent undervaluing of the work performed by early childhood professionals. As a result, many early childhood programs are unable to offer compen- sation

Adopted July

1993-01-01

28

Health lifestyles in early childhood.  

PubMed

This study integrates two important developments, the concept of health lifestyles (which has focused on adults and adolescents) and the increased attention to early childhood. We introduce the concept of children's health lifestyles, identifying differences from adult health lifestyles and articulating intergenerational transmission and socialization processes shaping children's health lifestyles. Using the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (2001-2007; N ? 6,150), latent class analyses identify predominant health lifestyles among U.S. preschoolers. Five distinct empirical patterns representing health lifestyles emerge, two capturing low and medium levels of overall risk across domains and three capturing domain-specific risks. Social background predicts children's health lifestyles, but lower household resources often explain these relationships. Across kindergarten measures of cognition, behavior, and health, preschool health lifestyles predict children's development even after controlling for social disadvantage and concurrent household resources. Further research on health lifestyles throughout childhood is warranted. PMID:25413801

Mollborn, Stefanie; James-Hawkins, Laurie; Lawrence, Elizabeth; Fomby, Paula

2014-12-01

29

Early Childhood Education. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter includes five articles on early childhood education and young children, with particular reference to poor and minority children. "Scientific Literacy Is Child's Play" (Hilaria Bauer) discusses the natural development of scientific literacy in young children through their construction of knowledge and play. "Children of America,…

IDRA Newsletter, 1996

1996-01-01

30

Education, Early Years, Childhood, Youth  

E-print Network

Education, Early Years, Childhood, Youth and Community Postgraduate 2013 #12;Welcome Manchester of Education has a global vision which can help you realise your ambitions. Studying within a lively has a strong educational research profile of international acclaim and we pride ourselves on providing

31

Rutgers Early Childhood Program Recvd______________  

E-print Network

A PARENT** Do you currently have a Sibling (s) attending LEAP Academy University Charter School and child (ren) to the LEAP Academy University Charter School. All information on this form will be treatedRutgers Early Childhood Program Recvd______________ Enrollment Application for 2014 - 2015 School

Garfunkel, Eric

32

Early Childhood Educator's Nutrition Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This nutrition handbook is designed to provide enough information on nutrition and food habits to enable early childhood educators to add a nutrition dimension to children's learning activities. Topics covered are the role of nutrition in growth during the preschool years; nutrients and their functions; selecting a healthy diet; common nutritional…

Olson, Christine; And Others

33

Physical Education in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the incidence and quality of physical activity instruction during early childhood. Although the positive effect of physical activity on the cognitive, social, and physical development of young children is generally acknowledged, there is little emphasis nationally on ensuring appropriate physical educational experiences…

Stork, Steve; Sanders, Stephen W.

2008-01-01

34

Early Childhood Education; Policy Statement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provided by the American Foundation for the Blind are a background history and a policy statement on the early childhood education of blind or severely visually impaired children. Briefly reviewed is the prior trend of institutionalization for children with severe visual handicaps, subsequent development of organizations such as the Children's…

American Foundation for the Blind, New York, NY.

35

Assessment in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of assessment in early childhood education focuses on historical highlights, issues in complying with P.L. 94-142, current practices (multiscore, mulitdomain, and multimeasure processes), critical issues (specifically, the reliability and validity of instruments and procedures used), and recommended practices. (CL)

Paget, Kathleen D.

1985-01-01

36

NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY Early Childhood Studies  

E-print Network

1 NORTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY Early Childhood Studies Policies and Program Information: A Handbook for Success Revised by the Early Childhood Steering Committee 10/12 #12;2 Welcome to the Interdisciplinary Bachelor of Science degree in Early Childhood Studies at Northern Illinois University! I. Program Overview

Karonis, Nicholas T.

37

Montana State University 1 Early Childhood Education  

E-print Network

Montana State University 1 Early Childhood Education and Child Services Major The early childhood education and child services (ECE&CS) major emphasizes the dual focus of education and services work and field experience focuses on early childhood education, child development, developmentally

Maxwell, Bruce D.

38

Dispersing Waves: Innovation in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education Centres of Innovation (COI) were established in 2002 as part of the 10-year plan for early childhood education, "Pathways to the Future/Nga Huarahi Arataki." In COI projects, innovative early childhood teaching teams reflect on and investigate their practices through action research, and share their findings with the…

Meade, Anne, Ed.

2010-01-01

39

EARLY YEARS SHAPING CHILDHOOD  

E-print Network

and ADHD. Dr. Lanphear will discuss his research and the complex effects of toxic environments on brain the effects of early exposure to adverse social and physical environments. Recent results from a suite Research Institute Children's health is, to a large extent, a function of their environment: for example

Handy, Todd C.

40

Early Childhood Education in Portugal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides an overview of the policy and status of early childhood education in Portugal and includes the text of Law 5/97, the Framework Law for Pre-School Education, as well as the Curriculum Guidelines for Pre-School Education adopted by Portugal's government. Two of Law 5/97's nine main goals are: (1) to promote the child's personal…

Vasconcelos, Teresa

41

Early Childhood Thematic Explorations  

E-print Network

School ­Cognitive Developmental Research ­Research Training · Model Preschool & Kindergarten, 2013 Morning Overview · Basic Children's School Approaches ­Six Domains of Developmental Objectives, manipulatives, games, puzzles ­ Links among diverse explorations of the topic and related projects across

42

International Handbook of Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of two introductory essays in this handbook presents a historical perspective on international early childhood education; the second provides a cross-national analysis of themes in late 20th century child care and early education. The bulk of the document consists of essays that review early childhood, preschool, primary, or elementary…

Woodill, Gary A., Ed.; And Others

43

An Introduction to Early Childhood Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this book is to provide a core introductory text for the many undergraduate students who are now studying early childhood. Four key themes are emphasised throughout this book: The first is the social construction of childhood. This is the idea that childhood is not a naturally given phenomenon, but the result of social…

Maynard, Trlsha, Ed.; Thomas, Nigel, Ed.

2004-01-01

44

Evaluation of early childhood programs.  

PubMed

Unlike kindergartens for 5-year-old children, which are taken for granted, preschool programs for 3- and 4-year-old children are accepted tentatively in the United States, making them ideal candidates for evaluative research. Evaluative research compares the performance of program participants either with ideal performance, the performance of other children in general, or the performance of children who did not attend early childhood programs. Evaluative research assesses and compares child and family outcomes, after equalizing child and family background characteristics by design or statistical analysis and taking program characteristics into account. Evaluative research is either ideal-program research, typical program research, or specific-program evaluation. Ideal-program research has provided evidence of the value of ideal preschool programs. Typical-program research, however, has shown how far from ideal actual programs are, and thus sets the context for specific-program evaluations. Done well, such evaluations can improve school, Head Start, and child care early childhood programs by focusing the attention of teachers, parents, and other stakeholders on program processes and children's development. PMID:10202597

Schweinhart, L J

1999-04-01

45

Completing an Honors Thesis in Teacher Education Early Childhood Education  

E-print Network

Completing an Honors Thesis in Teacher Education Early Childhood Education Elementary Education to the major program, Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education, or Social Studies Education (which in the Department of Teacher Education (Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education, and Social Studies

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

46

Accessible Family Involvement in Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family involvement in early childhood classrooms benefits children, school staff, and families. The development of a strong relationship between early childhood programs and families is a critical component of developmentally appropriate practices. What strategies enable families to be full and active participants in their young children's…

Morrison, Johnetta W.; Storey, Pamela; Zhang, Chenyi

2011-01-01

47

Pretend Play in the Early Childhood Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents and summarizes recent resources related to pretend play in the early childhood classroom. These include "Contemporary Perspectives on Play in Early Childhood Education" by Olivia N. Sarachoe and Bernard Spodek; "Dramatic Play: Bring It Back" by Tammy Benson; and "The Importance of Being Playful" by Elena Bodrova and Deborah…

McEntire, Nancy

2009-01-01

48

Critical Issues in Early Childhood Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective teaching leads to positive student outcomes, and professional development for early childhood teachers is key to improving both. But what exactly is meant by "professional development"? What effect does it have on school readiness? Which models and approaches really work? This is the book the early childhood field needs to take the…

Zaslow, Martha, Ed.; Martinez-Beck, Ivelisse, Ed.

2005-01-01

49

"Reality Shock": New Early Childhood Education Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning teaching is challenging; this article examines the realities of practice for beginning early childhood teachers. Fourteen participants in their first year of teaching were interviewed; they worked in private and public early childhood education settings. Findings reveal that the reality of moving from the role of the student to teacher…

Mahmood, Sehba

2013-01-01

50

Early Childhood Education: Training for the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

*Paper presented at the Early Childhood Education Conference at the University of British Columbia.This presentation focuses on future needs for training Early Childhood Educators. In addition to current emphasis on cognitive preparation for success in schools, increased emphasis must be given to create nurturing teachers who, in cooperation with families, will assist the youngest citizens to set a firm foundation

Alice Sterling Honig

1996-01-01

51

Linking Families and Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses and uses a global human ecological system framework to analyze family needs in relation to early childhood education. Topics emphasized include family support systems, population trends, health care, employment patterns, and political systems. Suggestions for meeting these needs are addressed to early childhood educators. (DST)

Hildebrand, Verna

1985-01-01

52

Early childhood education and primary prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood education is emerging as a major method of primary prevention of social and personal problems. Studies of early childhood programs, such as the Ypsilanti Perry Preschool Project, have found positive long?term consequences for participating children with significantly improved educational performances including high school graduation rates and college attendance; improved rates of employment and self?support; and reduced rates of

David P. Weikart

1989-01-01

53

Funding Early Childhood Mental Health Services & Supports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is the first of a two-part series on financing early childhood mental health services. It discusses the need for a systemic approach to financing early childhood mental health services and supports and presents a matrix to assist states and communities in the design of comprehensive financing systems. The vertical axis of the matrix…

Wishmann, Amy; Kates, Donald; Kaufmann, Roxane

54

Governing Early Childhood Education through Play  

Microsoft Academic Search

Play serves as a significant nodal point in the discursive relations of early childhood education. The aim of this article is to ask how play has come to appear so necessary to early childhood educational settings and how this perceived necessity governs the behaviour of both adults and young children. To do this the author make use of concepts provided

JO AILWOOD

2003-01-01

55

UNESCO Policy Briefs on Early Childhood, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of eight double-sided briefs addressing aspects of the field of early childhood education. Titles of the briefs are as follows: (1) "Early Childhood Care? Development? Education?," outlining the distinctions between these terms; (2) "Planning for Access: Develop a Data System First," highlighting Brazil's census to collect…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Early Childhood and Family Education Unit.

56

Quality Measurement in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What constitutes quality in early childhood settings, and how can it best be measured with today's widely used tools and promising new approaches? Find authoritative answers in this book, a must-have for high-level administrators and policymakers as more and more states adopt early childhood Quality Rating and Improvement Systems. The most…

Zaslow, Martha, Ed.; Martinez-Beck, Ivelisse, Ed.; Tout, Kathryn, Ed.; Halle, Tamara, Ed.

2011-01-01

57

Views: An Early Childhood Special Education Newsletter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four issues (1980/81) of Views, an early childhood special education newsletter published by Project Sunrise Outreach in Montana, are collected in the document. Each issue contains one or two feature articles, and sections on early childhood programs, news from the states (Montana, Wyoming, and Idaho), comments from colleagues, research summaries,…

Walker, Kay, Ed.; And Others

1981-01-01

58

Moving beyond Colorblindness in Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Countering the position that colorblindness is desirable for teachers and children, this article encourages early childhood education teachers to engage in conversations about race and racism with young children. We discuss why the early childhood years are important for interrupting racism and make suggestions for helping children develop tools…

Boutte, Gloria Swindler; Lopez-Robertson, Julia; Powers-Costello, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

59

Predicting obesity in early adulthood from childhood and parental obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of tracking of adiposity from childhood to early adulthood, and the risk of overweight in early adulthood associated with overweight in childhood and parental weight status in a cohort of children born in the mid-1970s.DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study.SUBJECTS: Approximately 155 healthy boys and girls born in Adelaide, South Australia, 1975–1976 and their parents.MEASUREMENTS: Height and

A M Magarey; L A Daniels; T J Boulton; R A Cockington

2003-01-01

60

Infusing Early Childhood Mental Health into Early Intervention Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the process of enhancing early childhood mental health awareness and skills in non-mental health staff. The author describes a pilot training model, conducted the U.S. Army's Early Intervention Services, that involved: (a) increasing early childhood mental health knowledge through reflective readings, (b) enhancing…

Grabert, John C.

2009-01-01

61

Managing Asthma in the Early Childhood Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asthma, one of the most common chronic disorders in childhood, affects more than seven million children in the United States, and is the third leading cause of hospitalization for children. Statistics like these make planning and preparing for asthma in the early childhood setting a high priority. With the high rates of asthma in the U.S. today,…

Graville, Iris

2011-01-01

62

Mental Health Consultation in Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood mental health consultation is a relationship-based intervention that promotes children's social and emotional development. Benefits include improved childhood behaviors, improved staff self-efficacy, and lowered parental stress. Child care center directors are more likely to be satisfied with consultation when they are involved in…

Bernzweig, Jane; Ramler, Malia; Alkon, Abbey

2009-01-01

63

Issues and Realities in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates three issues vital to early childhood education: (1) sources of curriculum, (2) sources of financial support, and (3) the relationship between racism and compensatory education. "Natural" childhood and child development theories are discussed, and their use as a source of curriculum for young children is questioned, as is…

Spodek, Bernard

64

Prenatal exposure to PFOA and PFOS and risk of hospitalization for infectious diseases in early childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesTo examine whether prenatal exposure to perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) or perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) is associated with the occurrence of hospitalization for infectious diseases during early childhood.

Chunyuan Fei; Joseph K. McLaughlin; Loren Lipworth; Jørn Olsen

2010-01-01

65

Implementation of the Integrated Early Childhood Policy in Senegal. Early Childhood and Family Policy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a UNESCO-sponsored series of studies examining how integrated and coordinated early childhood policies are implemented, this case study focuses on Senegal's integrated early childhood policy. The case study examines the context for policy development and analyzes the structure and resources of the Ministry for the Family and Early

Rayna, Sylvie

66

Eco-Early Childhood Education: A New Paradigm of Early Childhood Education in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early 1990s, university faculty members, early childhood educators, and preschool teachers in South Korea created a new paradigm for education. Eco-early childhood education uses an ecological point of view to reform existing child-centered education. This perspective proposes moving from child- to life-centered, individual- to…

Kim, Eunju; Lim, Jaetack

2007-01-01

67

Early Childhood CARES Excited for 2013-2014 School Year  

E-print Network

Early Childhood CARES Excited for 2013-2014 School Year Early Childhood CARES returned from its summer break with its motors tuned and ready to roll for the 2013-2014 school year! Early Childhood CARES on these accomplishments in the new school year. Among its many accomplishments: · Early Childhood CARES served more

68

Assistant/Associate Professor, Early Childhood ELL Education Job # 10837  

E-print Network

Assistant/Associate Professor, Early Childhood ELL Education Job # 10837 At Arizona State of research and scholarship in the field of early childhood/early childhood special education/early childhood special education research program development in a wide range of areas, including

Shumway, John

69

Choosing Furniture for an Early Childhood Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides guidelines for selecting furniture for early childhood settings. Discusses the role of taste, curriculum and space, quality and safety, and budget in making purchasing decisions. Delineates appropriate seat height and table height for children of different ages. (KB)

Meservey, Lynne

2000-01-01

70

Moving Beyond Colorblindness in Early Childhood Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Countering the position that colorblindness is desirable for teachers and children, this article encourages early childhood\\u000a education teachers to engage in conversations about race and racism with young children. We discuss why the early childhood\\u000a years are important for interrupting racism and make suggestions for helping children develop tools for addressing it. Annotated\\u000a examples of children’s drawings about racism from

Gloria Swindler Boutte; Julia Lopez-Robertson; Elizabeth Powers-Costello

71

Montessori mathematics in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Montessori movement recently celebrated a century of international education, spanning from early childhood through to tertiary experience. The first Casa dei Bambini, or children's house, was opened in Rome, Italy, on 6 January 1907, and within three years the influence of Montessori education began to reach New Zealand shores.\\u000aThis article outlines the Montessori approach to early childhood curriculum

Nicola Chisnall; Marguerite Maher

2007-01-01

72

Education: Early Childhood Studies (ECS) Page 111Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog EDUCATION: EARLY CHILDHOOD STUDIES  

E-print Network

a major in Early Childhood Studies, a minor in Early Childhood Studies and a Master of Arts in educationEducation: Early Childhood Studies (ECS) Page 111Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog EDUCATION: EARLY CHILDHOOD STUDIES (ECS) DEPARTMENT OFFICE Stevenson 1078 (707) 664 3238 fax: (707) 664 2483

Ravikumar, B.

73

Abusive Early Child Rearing and Early Childhood Aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Childhood aggression is significant for children, their families, and the society because aggressive children often become violent adolescents. This article examines the relationship between maltreatment and early childhood aggression. Data are from a longitudinal study of maltreated and nonmaltreated children assessed as preschoolers and again at school age. The dependent variable is the child's teacher's rating of aggression at school

Roy C. Herrenkohl; M. Jean Russo

2001-01-01

74

Children with Special Needs: Lessons for Early Childhood Professionals. Early Childhood Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bridging the gap between child development and strategies for inclusion, this book is intended to help early childhood practitioners and pre-service teachers feel better equipped to meet the needs of all the children in their early childhood setting. Each chapter of the book is a case study introducing a child (ages birth to 8 years) with one or…

Kostelnik, Marjorie J.; Onaga, Esther; Rohde, Barbara; Whiren, Alice

75

The Early Childhood Curriculum: Current Findings in Theory and Practice. Third Edition. Early Childhood Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Continuing pressures on all of education to fully prepare children for the role of citizen intensifies the need for early childhood educators to respond to the questions of what is taught and what content young children are learning. Designed as a resource for early childhood educators, this book offers an overview of various theories, research…

Seefeldt, Carol, Ed.

76

Contemporary Perspectives on Early Childhood Curriculum. Contemporary Perspectives in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the curriculum in early childhood education is dramatically different from that at other levels of education, this volume seeks to clarify some of the issues related to early childhood curriculum development and its bases in both personal knowledge and knowledge from the different disciplines to achieve a "balanced curriculum."…

Saracho, Olivia N. Ed.; Spodek, Bernard, Ed.

77

Issues in Early Childhood Curriculum. Yearbook in Early Childhood Education, Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum is a repertoire of learning experiences, planned and organized according to the program's educational goals. The curriculum development process of early childhood education differs in many ways from that of other levels of education. Intended for curriculum planners, education policy-makers and other early childhood education…

Spodek, Bernard, Ed.; Saracho, Olivia N., Ed.

78

When Early Childhood and School Meet: Exploring Potential within Early Childhood-School Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent policy shifts have re-positioned early childhood within educational processes aimed at fostering coherence for children across the different phrases of education. In turn, this has placed a necessary demand on the early childhood-school relationship, drawing attention to existing tensions within the relationships. This paper explores…

Henderson, Linda

2014-01-01

79

Data Collection and System Monitoring in Early Childhood Programs. Early Childhood Family Policy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifying the growing interest in early childhood programs and services, this paper offers practical guidelines for collecting accurate and useful information about early childhood services in a particular country or region, focusing on data collection and system monitoring. The paper discusses how programs develop out of policy decisions and…

Olmsted, Patricia P.

80

The Work Group on Early Childhood Report on Reform of the Early Childhood System. Report to the Governor and the Illinois General Assembly.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illinois Senate Joint Resolution 173 resulted in the appointment in 1994 of a 53-member Work Group on Early Childhood Education. This group was mandated to report to the Senate on the development and implementation of a statewide early childhood education and care program. The group identified key issues, delimited legislative objectives, offered…

Voices for Illinois Children, Chicago.

81

Illinois Early Childhood Program Expanded Matrix, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This matrix provides information on eight early childhood programs offered in Illinois. Presented in grid form, the information can be compared across programs. The programs described are: (1) Head Start and Early Head Start; (2) Illinois Department of Children and Family Services child care; (3) Illinois Department of Human Services child care;…

Illinois State Dept. of Human Services, East St. Louis. Head Start State Collaboration Office.

82

Physical Science in Constructivist Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers at the Freeburg Early Childhood Program know that experimentation with physical science is of great interest to young children, and can begin as early as the age of 3. The constructivist teachers at this experimental school at the University of Northern Iowa worked for six years to develop a center-based approach to physical science with…

Kato, Tsuguhiko; Van Meeteren, Beth Dykstra

2008-01-01

83

Early Childhood Creative Library. Interim Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist the early development of children in a poorly educated, rural four-county area of North Carolina, the Early Childhood Library Project trained parents and babysitters to teach preschool children by using educational games and materials supplied by the library. Equipment was purchased and made available to the community, story hours were…

East, Barbara

84

Fostering Intrinsic Motivation in Early Childhood Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young children are born with an innate curiosity to learn about their world. This intrinsically instigated learning is often called mastery motivation. Patterns of motivation are established at an early age. The early childhood years are crucial for establishing robust intrinsic motivational orientations which will last a lifetime. By the time many children reach school, much of their motivation has

Martha P. Carlton; Adam Winsler

1998-01-01

85

Research Priorities for Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is now widely accepted that investments in comprehensive and coordinated early intervention services will generate long-term benefits for children and families. Additional research is needed to continue to improve all aspects of service delivery in early intervention and early childhood special education, with a particular focus on conditions…

Division for Early Childhood, Council for Exceptional Children, 2006

2006-01-01

86

Effects of Programs for Prevention of Early Childhood Caries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the most effective intervention program for prevention of early childhood caries. Materials and Methods: All studies published after 1966 were identified by searching electronic databases (Medline, The Cochrane Library, Embase, Dissertation and Serfile databases) and manual searching. Studies were included if they analyzed the effect of an intervention to prevent caries in 0- to 5-year-old children, recorded

Jumana B. Ammari; Zaid H. Baqain; Paul F. Ashley

2007-01-01

87

Early Childhood Development: Laying the Foundations of Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood development is increasingly viewed as an affirmation of children's rights. This report describes the concept of early childhood development and presents several viewpoints regarding early childhood care and development, parenting, and approaches to early education. The report also presents 10 case studies of programs to enhance the…

Faccini, Benedict; Combes, Bernard

88

Teach Early Childhood in China! The Department of Childhood Education, Literacy and TESOL (CELT) at the  

E-print Network

Teach Early Childhood in China! The Department of Childhood Education, Literacy and TESOL (CELT! Contact: Dr. Elizabeth Fullerton (e.fullerton@unf.edu) -Early Childhood Ed.(904) 620-4359 Dr. Shari Little (slittle@unf.edu) - TESOL (904) 620-1794 Dr. Ronghua Ouyang (ronghua.ouyang@unf.edu) ­ Chair of Childhood

Asaithambi, Asai

89

Early Childhood Laboratory Professional Development Visits and Observational Opportunities  

E-print Network

Early Childhood Laboratory Professional Development Visits and Observational Opportunities The SFA Early Childhood Laboratory is a public childcare for Infants through Pre- Kindergarten. We minutes) Materials related to the requested area of focus included Additional professional development

Long, Nicholas

90

The Early Childhood Generalized Trust Belief Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was designed to develop and evaluate the Early Childhood Generalized Trust Belief Scale (ECGTBS) as a method of assessing 5-8-year-olds' generalized trust. Two hundred and eleven (103 male and 108 female) children (mean age 6 years and 2 months at Time 1) completed the ECGTBS twice over a year. A subsample of participants completed the…

Betts, Lucy R.; Rotenberg, Ken J.; Trueman, Mark

2009-01-01

91

In Early Childhood: What's Language about?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that in daycare centres in France, where children are cared for from four months to age three, the competence of female staff members is usually denied and unvalued vis a vis the expert opinions. The paper highlights empirical research on early childhood and gender, providing pragmatic access to children's languages of desire, a…

Mozere, Liane

2007-01-01

92

Early Childhood Education: The Way Forward.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on experiences in North America, the United Kingdom, and other countries, this book examines the debate over the overall vision for early childhood education. The nature and quality of the United Kingdom's and other countries' culture is questioned in respect to the future it provides for children. The question of who is able to provide a…

Gammage, Philip, Ed.; Meighan, Janet, Ed.

93

Early Childhood in the New China: Suzhou  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suzhou is one hour to the West of Shanghai, and one of China's most interesting cities, famous for its silks, canals, and scholar gardens. According to a popular legend, Marco Polo is reputed to have said, "In heaven there is paradise, and on earth, Hangzhou and Suzhou." As the city rapidly expands, the issue of early childhood education is a…

Kalinowski, Michael

2010-01-01

94

Differential Outcomes of Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews seven studies comparing the differential effects of early childhood programs and approaches on children's development: (1) Planned Variation in Head Start; (2) Planned Variation in Follow Through; (3) Soar and Soar Study of Follow Through; (4) Miller and Dyer's Planned Variations Study; (5) Karnes Curriculum Comparison Study;…

Stevens, Jr., Joseph H.

95

Federal Agencies Keep Early Childhood in Focus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal agencies and offices have important and exciting early childhood efforts underway. Staff at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and within it, the Administration for Children and Families (ACF)--which manages both the Child Care and Development Fund and the Head Start program, among other initiatives--and the U.S.…

Karolak, Eric

2010-01-01

96

Early Childhood Trends around the World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shares the views of the members of the World Forum community regarding early childhood education trends around the world. It summarizes trends from Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Denmark, The Netherlands, Italy, Turkey, Nepal, Vietnam, Tajikistan, Hong Kong, Singapore, India, New Zealand, Jordan, Palestine, Egypt,…

Neugebauer, Roger

2007-01-01

97

Early Childhood Teachers Coping with Educational Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a study of early childhood teachers' (educators of children aged four - eight years in school settings) perceptions of key factors which impact on their ability to cope with the implementation of mandated educational change in the workplace. Using qualitative methodology including surveys, focus groups and in-depth interviews,…

Kilgallon, Pam; Maloney, Carmel; Lock, Graeme

2008-01-01

98

An Approach to Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an early childhood program for 120 disadvantaged students, ages three to five, developed by the Green County of Eutaw, Alabama, funded under Title III, E.S.E.A., and based on a three component model: community, inservice, and instruction. (JM)

Gantt, Walter N.; Yawkey, Thomas D.

1973-01-01

99

Rural Outreach and Early Childhood Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to meet the growing professional development needs of early childhood practitioners in North Carolina, Winston-Salem State University (WSSU) is reaching out to the rural areas of North Carolina by offering programs that will certify North Carolina teachers in birth through kindergarten education (BKE). In this article, the author…

Warren, Claudia; Hamlin, Kay

2005-01-01

100

Perceptions of Men in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to determine the effect of sex-role expectations and low economic return on the number of men teaching at the preschool level, this study surveyed 116 women and 10 men involved in early childhood education. A questionnaire sent to participants raised questions about either an imaginary young man or woman who had recently received a…

Seifert, Kelvin

101

Trajectories of Autism Severity in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relatively little is known about trajectories of autism severity using calibrated severity scores (CSS) from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, but characterizing these trajectories has important theoretical and clinical implications. This study examined CSS trajectories during early childhood. Participants were 129 children with autism…

Venker, Courtney E.; Ray-Subramanian, Corey E.; Bolt, Daniel M.; Weismer, Susan Ellis

2014-01-01

102

Identifying Dilemmas for Early Childhood Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines situation-based learning as used within the Bachelor of Teaching (Early Childhood) program at the University of Western Sydney, Australia, and the processes of reflection and evaluation that accompany it, and discusses how issues identified by educators are incorporated as subjects into packages for students' study and…

Dockett, Sue; Tegel, Kim

103

Froebel and Early Childhood Education in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of a special type of education for young children emerged in the United States in the mid-nineteenth century, with the kindergarten movement. The kindergarten was created by Friedrich Froebel, the German educator whose ideas, although no longer popular, can be traced to contemporary early childhood education. Froebel explicitly rejected…

Sniegoski, Stephen J.

104

Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ECERS-R is a thorough revision of the widely used program quality assessment instrument, the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale (ECERS). Designed for use in preschool, kindergarten, and child care classrooms serving children 2-and-a-half through 5 years of age, the ECERS-R can be used by program directors for supervision and program…

Harms, Thelma; Clifford, Richard M.; Cryer, Debby

105

Art Books for Early Childhood Classroom Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to explore the relationships among art, language, and communication through the use of children's art books in early childhood teaching. By children's art books, meaning books for children that serve as contexts for reproductions of artworks, are stunning works of art themselves, engage the curiosity and thinking of…

Pitri, Eliza

2007-01-01

106

Developmental Screening of Early Childhood Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a screening device, the Barclay Early Childhood Skill Assessment System (BECSAS), which uses teacher, child, and parent input and spells out possible intervention strategies based on specific deficits. Reports the use of the BECSAS to analyze the relationship between parent education level and student skill deficits. (JAC)

Barclay, Lisa K.

1983-01-01

107

Infant Attention and Early Childhood Executive Function  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individual differences in infant attention are theorized to reflect the speed of information processing and are related to later cognitive abilities (i.e., memory, language, and intelligence). This study provides the first systematic longitudinal analysis of infant attention and early childhood executive function (EF; e.g., working memory,…

Cuevas, Kimberly; Bell, Martha Ann

2014-01-01

108

Let's Dispel the Myths about Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that beliefs that young children should not leave the care of their mothers and that education is not a legitimate profession need to be dispelled to promote and improve early childhood education and care programs and teacher education programs in the South. (BB)

Cowles, Milly

1992-01-01

109

An Early Childhood Movement Laboratory Model: Kindergym  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood motor activity programs at institutions of higher learning can operate within the tripartite mission of the university while serving a vital function in providing leadership and guidance to educators. This article describes the University of Northern Iowa's Kindergym model. Within this model, curricular areas of games/sports,…

Marston, Rip

2004-01-01

110

Early Childhood Inclusion: Focus on Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood inclusion is a field characterized by a philosophy and practice that encourages full participation of children with disabilities and their families in everyday activities with their typically developing peers. Noting that success in inclusion endeavors requires substantial changes in the way our society thinks, feels, and acts,…

Guralnick, Michael J., Ed.

111

Creating Music Environments in Early Childhood Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how teachers and caregivers can create music environments in early childhood settings that connect to other areas of development. Discusses how music environments can accommodate free-choice participation, describes the caregiver's role, and suggests music activities. Includes definitions of musical concepts for young children, also tips…

Achilles, Elayne

1999-01-01

112

Transporting Children in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Exchange" surveyed members of the Panel of 300, their advisory board of center directors, to find out what questions they would like to address to manufacturers and bus companies for early childhood programs. They then posed these questions to the companies and have presented a representative sampling of their responses in this article.

Exchange: The Early Childhood Leaders' Magazine Since 1978, 2005

2005-01-01

113

Early Childhood-Handicapped Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is designed to consolidate into a systematic order the most common references and resources in the field of early childhood special education and to offer practical "how to" handouts which may aid adults working with young handicapped children. Ten sections contain information in the following areas (sample contents listed in…

Landers, Bill

114

Constructivism and Jewish Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Having an educational theory as a school's foundation is a key component in successful educational endeavors. However, many Jewish early childhood programs do not commonly use educational theory to support methods of instruction. In this study 14 children from a constructivist-based Jewish kindergarten class are interviewed to determine how…

Muller, Meir

2013-01-01

115

Parent Involvement in Early Childhood Home Visiting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review provides an overview of an important aspect of early childhood home visiting research: understanding how parents are involved in program services and activities. Involvement is defined as the process of the parent connecting with and using the services of a program to the best of the client's and the program's ability. The term…

Korfmacher, Jon; Green, Beth; Staerkel, Fredi; Peterson, Carla; Cook, Gina; Roggman, Lori; Faldowski, Richard A.; Schiffman, Rachel

2008-01-01

116

Inclusive discourses in early childhood education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the discursive formation of inclusion in early childhood education and after?school (recreation) centres in a Danish municipality. While inclusion has been a central educational issue in research and practice for well over quarter of a century, with continuing emphasis worldwide on ‘initiatives by governments’, this interest has centred on the school environment and institutions of higher education.

2011-01-01

117

Schematising activities in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of introducing schematising to children in early childhood and to determine whether schematising can be taught to children. This was done using a longitudinal, quantitative study with a quasi-experimental design (N = 133). In this study, the use of schematising was taught to an experimental group of children to determine if it

Mariëlle Poland; Bert van Oers; Jan Terwel

2009-01-01

118

Challenging partnerships in Australian early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Partnerships that form to advance early childhood education are influenced by history and purpose. They are enacted in diverse social, cultural, economic, geographic and educational contexts. Using the theme of ‘strong and equal partnership’ between family and school, and taking a theoretical standpoint that values social cohesion and the agency of the child, this paper investigates ways in which partnership

Collette Tayler

2006-01-01

119

Foucault and the Early Childhood Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Foucault's notion of "regimes of truth" (MacNaughton 2005, 30) provides an understanding of how some discourses operate and network together to reinforce a particular powerful view of the world. These can be in oral or written forms. Early childhood education practices are drawn on the discourse of a document developed by the National Association…

Cohen, Lynn E.

2008-01-01

120

Early Childhood Programs for the Severely Handicapped.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reference material obtained from responses to questionnaires is presented on 25 early childhood programs for severely handicapped children. Each program report consists of components which include a program abstract; program summary; identification and screening procedures; diagnostic procedures; prescriptive procedures; child progress evaluation;…

Coordinating Office for Regional Resource Centers, Lexington, KY.

121

Early Childhood Curriculum: Planning, Assessment, and Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Early Childhood Curriculum" addresses current approaches to curriculum for infants, toddlers and young children, ages birth to eight. It provides a comprehensive introduction to the curriculum issues that student teachers and emerging practitioners will face and equips them with the decision-making tools that will ultimately enhance and promote…

McLachlan, Claire; Fleer, Marilyn; Edwards, Susan

2010-01-01

122

HIV/AIDS and Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Consultative Group on Early Childhood Care and Development is increasingly concerned with the lack of attention to children affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. This theme issue of "Coordinators' Notebook" examines issues related to ensuring that orphans and vulnerable children under 5 years receive attention in the international, national, and…

Hanssen, Elizabeth, Ed.; Zimanyi, Louise, Ed.

2002-01-01

123

[Special Education/Early Childhood Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Special Education Early Childhood Program of The George Washington University is a one year, full time, noncategorical, 36-hour masters program. The program strives to synthesize multidisciplinary theory and integrate this knowledge into conceptual patterns that guide educators. It seeks to tie theory to practice in the service of the…

George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. School of Education.

124

Twelve Characteristics of Effective Early Childhood Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ever wonder what draws teachers to the field of early childhood education? Do you have the personal attributes needed? Unlike knowledge or skills, which can be developed, dispositions are personal characteristics involving the socioemotional and spiritual realms, rooted in feelings and beliefs. Colker reviews the literature on teacher…

Colker, Laura

2008-01-01

125

*All dates subject to change. Early Childhood CARES  

E-print Network

*All dates subject to change. Early Childhood CARES Entrenamientos y Eventos de 2013 comunicación: Un Pánel de Discusión con el Equipo del Habla de Early Childhood CARES (Eugene) 12 Grupo de Apoyo (Florence) #12;*All dates subject to change. Early Childhood CARES Entrenamientos y eventos de 2013

126

Leadership in Early Childhood: The Pathway to Professionalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The product of nearly 20 years experience in the early childhood field, this book gives current and intending practitioners a better understanding of the nature of leadership in the early childhood profession and its effect on the professionalization of the field. It explores who is or can become a leader and why early childhood leaders are in a…

Rodd, Jillian

127

Male Early Childhood Montessori Teachers: Why They Chose To Teach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Male teachers comprise only 12 percent of the teachers in early childhood programs, in comparison to 30 percent of the total teaching workforce. This paper reviews literature on male early childhood teachers and explores the reasons given by four men for deciding to be Montessori early childhood teachers. The paper then considers reasons for the…

Santiago, Anthony

128

Early Childhood Research and Evaluation for State Licensing Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book for state early childhood licensing administrators addresses the problem of obtaining systematic and reliable information about the operation of an early childhood or child care program. The book: (1) provides an introduction to early childhood program evaluation; (2) describes systematic observation techniques; (3) discusses summative…

Fiene, Richard

129

Preparing Teachers for Inclusion: Jordanian Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted during a period of national educational reforms in Jordan to investigate Jordanian preservice early childhood teachers' attitudes toward inclusion and the adequacy of their current preparation for implementing inclusion. The study also sought to identify the perceived concerns of preservice early childhood teachers about inclusion in early childhood settings in Jordan. A qualitative interpretive methodology was

Merfat Fayez; Kholoud Dababneh; Ibrahim Jumiaan

2011-01-01

130

Master's Programs in Israeli Colleges of Education: A New Learning Opportunity in Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this article is to highlight the importance of advanced studies for the professional staff working in the field of early childhood education (ECE). Until 2001, Israeli MA programs were controlled exclusively by Israeli universities. The article deals with the development of MEd programs in Israeli colleges of education, using the “Early Childhood Education” program to exemplify the

Miriam Mevorach; Mordechai Miron

2011-01-01

131

Early Childhood Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education in Turkey within the Scope of the Developmental System Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article was to provide an overview of early childhood intervention and early childhood special education (ECI/ECSE) services and practices in Turkey by using the Developmental System Approach (M. J. Guralnick, 2001). After pointing out the history of early childhood and ECI/ECSE services and current legislations with regard to…

Diken, Ibrahim H.; Bayhan, Pinar; Turan, Figen; Sipal, R. Firat; Sucuoglu, Bulbin; Ceber-Bakkaloglu, Hatice; Gunel, Mintaze Kerem; Kara, Ozgun Kaya

2012-01-01

132

Resistance, Reproduction, Both, or Neither: Exploring the Influence of Early Childhood Professional Development Specialists on the Field of Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article details the findings from a qualitative study that explored the ways individuals who work with early childhood education (ECE) practitioners in professional development settings influenced those practitioners' understandings of early childhood policy and early childhood systems. Defined as individuals who work in the professional…

Gomez, Rebecca E.

2012-01-01

133

PATHOGENESIS Supplement Early Childhood PATHOGENESIS Asthma The contribution of airway structure to early childhood asthma  

E-print Network

of early childhood asthma, owing to difficulties in accurate diagnosis of asthma in early childhood and ethical dilemmas, coupled with a natural reticence on the part of investigators The Medical to Journal perform of Australia invasive ISSN: studies 0025-729X in very 16 young Sep-children. tember The 2002 few 177 studies 6 S45-S47 there are of asthma pathology in childhood ©The Medical suggest Journal that there of Australia is little 2002 difference www.mja.com.au between the structural Pathogenesis pathology of asthma in children and in adults. It is likely, however, that the physiological impact of asthmatic airway pathology in early childhood does differ from its impact in later life. Normal airway structure The conducting airways are lined by epithelium and their walls contain mucus-producing glands, cartilage, smooth

Karen O Mckay; James C Hogg; There Is; A Paucity; Of Information

134

Handbook of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprehensive and authoritative, this forward-thinking book reviews the breadth of current knowledge about early education and identifies important priorities for practice and policy. Robert C. Pianta and his associates bring together foremost experts to examine what works in promoting all children's school readiness and social-emotional…

Pianta, Robert C., Ed.

2012-01-01

135

Early Childhood Educators' Knowledge of Early Literacy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The foundation of all learning is rooted in the development of language and literacy abilities. Literacy development begins well before children enter school and can accelerate in an early childhood classroom setting. Teacher educators often hear about the importance of literacy development. In particular, the significance of phonological…

Crim, Courtney; Hawkins, Jacqueline; Thornton, Jenifer; Rosof, Holly Boon; Copley, Juanita; Thomas, Emily

2008-01-01

136

You said, ‘Black girl’: doing difference in early childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article draws on a larger study that examined the constructions of childhood by young children in early childhood centres. Ten boys and girls, between the ages two and four, from two early childhood centres in urban KwaZulu-Natal, participated in the study. The article explores the multiple ways in which young children use discourse and context to interpret differences around

H. Ebrahim; D. Francis

2008-01-01

137

Making "Place" for Ecological Sustainability in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culturally, childhood is often understood as a time of innocence which can mean that issues such as ecological sustainability are considered too problematic for early childhood practice. By drawing on findings from a research project that focused on issues of ecological sustainability in early childhood centres in New Zealand from Western and…

Duhn, Iris

2012-01-01

138

Changing Faces: The Early Childhood Profession in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 14 essays addresses the changes and challenges that the early childhood education profession in Australia has faced in recent years, and covers a wide range of important issues of particular relevance to the preparation of early childhood professionals. The essays are: (1) "The Changing Ecology of Australian Childhood" (Don…

Lambert, Beverley, Ed.

139

Infant attention and early childhood executive function.  

PubMed

Individual differences in infant attention are theorized to reflect the speed of information processing and are related to later cognitive abilities (i.e., memory, language, and intelligence). This study provides the first systematic longitudinal analysis of infant attention and early childhood executive function (EF; e.g., working memory, inhibitory control, cognitive flexibility). A group of 5-month-olds (n = 201) were classified as short or long lookers. At 24, 36, and 48 months of age, children completed age-appropriate EF tasks. Infant short lookers (i.e., more efficient information processors) exhibited higher EF throughout early childhood as compared to infant long lookers, even after controlling for verbal ability (a potential indicator of intelligence). These findings are discussed in relation to the emergence of executive attention. PMID:23711103

Cuevas, Kimberly; Bell, Martha Ann

2014-01-01

140

Early Childhood Interventions: Proven Results, Future Promise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A significant amount of intellectual hand wringing has gone on as of late regarding the nature and importance of early childhood intervention programs. Some have claimed that such programs (including Head Start) are inherently a waste of money, while others tout their apparent ability to increase future educational and life opportunities, particularly for the under-privileged. This intriguing research report from the RAND Corporation, authored by Rebecca Kilburn and Jill Cannon, provides compelling evidence suggesting that well-designed programs for disadvantaged children age four and younger can produce economic benefits that are quite significant. The report contends that high quality early childhood programs can "keep children out of expensive special education programs; increase high school graduation rates; reduce juvenile crime, and increase the number of students who go on to college." Stimulating in its approach and its scholarly rigor, this report will be quite useful and helpful to persons interested in such policy issues.

Cannon, Jill S.; Karoly, Lynn A., 1961-; Kilburn, M. R.

2005-01-01

141

Parent Involvement in Early Childhood Home Visiting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review provides an overview of an important aspect of early childhood home visiting research: understanding how parents\\u000a are involved in program services and activities. Involvement is defined as the process of the parent connecting with and using\\u000a the services of a program to the best of the client’s and the program’s ability. The term includes two broad dimensions: participation,

Jon Korfmacher; Beth Green; Fredi Staerkel; Carla Peterson; Gina Cook; Lori Roggman; Richard A. Faldowski; Rachel Schiffman

2008-01-01

142

Early Childhood Education: The Promise, The Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The benefits of high quality early childhood programs have been documented. Good programs engage students in developmentally appropriate practices that include pre-literacy, pre-numeracy activities, language, social and physical development in these preschool programs. Studies have shown that literacy skills such as letter-name recognition, phonological and print awareness affect the reading achievement of children. However, in the rush to provide these

Joanne Sadler

143

Training early childhood educators in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Policy on Education #op1986#cp has given a great deal of importance to early childhood care and education #opECCE#cp. It views ECCE as an important input in the strategy of human resource development, as a feeder and support programme for primary education and as a support service for working women of the disadvantaged sections of society. It has also

Mira Choudhry

1992-01-01

144

PARENTAL DIVORCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE BEHAVIOR OF 16 CHILDREN THREE TO FIVE YEARS OLD AT THE TIME THEIR PARENTS WERE BEING SEPARATED AND DIVORCED WAS OBSERVED IN A PRIVATE, INDEPENDENT NURSERY SCHOOL. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY WERE TO DISCOVER--(1) IF THE DIVORCE PERIOD IS A TIME OF SIGNIFICANT STRESS FOR THE CHILDREN, (2) HOW THE DIVORCE AFFECTS THE BEHAVIOR OF CHILDREN, (3) HOW…

MCDERMOTT, JOHN V.

145

Early childhood infections and risk of schizophrenia.  

PubMed

The association between early childhood infections and the risk of schizophrenia is not clear, and this study aimed to investigate the association between childhood infections and the risk of schizophrenia in a population-based Australia male cohort. A population-based cohort of males born between 1980 and 1984 in Western Australia was identified using birth registry records and followed-up until December 31st, 2009 or death using linked health data available through the Western Australian Data Linkage System. The associations between hospitalized infections occurring during 0-3yr of age and risk of schizophrenia were assessed with stratified analysis and multivariate logistic regression models. Analysis was further repeated to assess the effect of hospitalized intestinal infections (gastroenteritis) and respiratory infections. It was observed that male participants with two or more hospitalizations for infections before the age of three had an 80% higher risk of schizophrenia, and these findings remained when the analysis was limited to intestinal infections and acute respiratory infections. These findings support the hypothesis that infections during early childhood may lead to the onset of schizophrenia in later life. PMID:22749230

Liang, Wenbin; Chikritzhs, Tanya

2012-12-30

146

Exposure to Childhood Sexual and Physical Abuse and Adjustment in Early Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This research examined linkages between exposure to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and childhood physical punishment/abuse (CPA) and mental health issues in early adulthood. Method: The investigation analyzed data from a birth cohort of over 1,000 New Zealand young adults studied to the age of 25. Results: Exposure to CSA and CPA was…

Fergusson, David M.; Boden, Joseph M.; Horwood, L. John

2008-01-01

147

Quality and equity in early childhood care in Peru  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present study examines educational policy documents and programs on early childhood development and education in Peru. The author provides an evaluation of early childhood learning programs and their outcomes in different education centers in Peru. Health, nutrition, development, and participation are identified as key areas of concern. The study concludes with a reference to the importance of monitoring quality and equity in early childhood care.

Izu, Regina Moromizato

2007-01-01

148

Transitions for Young Children: Creating Connections across Early Childhood Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Smooth early childhood transitions are key to ensuring positive outcomes for young children the world over--but in today's fragmented early education systems, it's difficult to ensure continuity among programs and services. Early childhood professionals will help change that with this book, the first to propose a comprehensive, practical framework…

Kagan, Sharon Lynn, Ed.; Tarrant, Kate, Ed.

2010-01-01

149

Early Childhood Music Education in Australia: A Snapshot  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policy for early childhood music education (birth to eight years of age) in Australia covers a complex and diverse range of curriculum guidelines and legislation relating to the contexts of day care, preschool, and the early years of school. Australian models and policies vary from state to state and according to setting. Furthermore, early childhood education is constantly changing and

Louie Suthers

2008-01-01

150

A School Administrator's Guide to Early Childhood Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents information elementary school administrators need to develop and maintain good early childhood education programs for 4- and 5-year-olds. It also presents the curriculum principles that are relevant to both early childhood programs and the elementary grades. The guide will help principals and administrators recognize good early

Schweinhart, Lawrence J.

151

From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development reviewed an extensive, multi-disciplinary, and complex body of research covering the period from before birth to entry into Kindergarten to generate an integrated science of early childhood development and the role of early experiences. The result of the committee's review,…

Shonkoff, Jack P., Ed.; Phillips, Deborah A., Ed.

152

EARLY CHILDHOOD INVESTMENTS SUBSTANTIALLY BOOST ADULT HEALTH  

PubMed Central

High-quality early childhood programs have been shown to have substantial benefits in reducing crime, raising earnings, and promoting education. Much less is known about their benefits for adult health. We report the long-term health impacts of one of the oldest and most heavily cited early childhood interventions with long-term follow-up evaluated by the method of randomization: the Carolina Abecedarian Project (ABC). Using recently collected biomedical data, we find that disadvantaged children randomly assigned to treatment have significantly lower prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in their mid-30s. The evidence is especially strong for males. The mean systolic blood pressure among the control males is 143, while only 126 among the treated. One in four males in the control group is affected by metabolic syndrome, while none in the treatment group is. To reach these conclusions, we address several statistical challenges. We use exact permutation tests to account for small sample sizes and conduct a parallel bootstrap confidence interval analysis to confirm the permutation analysis. We adjust inference to account for the multiple hypotheses tested and for nonrandom attrition. Our evidence shows the potential of early life interventions for preventing disease and promoting health. PMID:24675955

Campbell, Frances; Conti, Gabriella; Heckman, James J.; Moon, Seong Hyeok; Pinto, Rodrigo; Pungello, Elizabeth; Pan, Yi

2014-01-01

153

Early object relations into new objects.  

PubMed

Two strands of change are suggested by this review, one maturational, the other therapeutic or developmental (Hartmann and Kris, 1945). By "maturational" I mean to suggest energies that infuse the individual from earliest life in a manner that includes object relations, but for the healthy exercise of which object relations per se need not be of central and crucial importance. Within wide limits such energies may be delayed until growth conditions prevail without significant distortion of certain of the organism's ego functions. Therapeutic change is analogous to developmental change in that both involve the crucial presence of another to release energies. In therapeutic change these are energies that have been repressed beyond the reach of developmental dynamics. In everyday development crisis and synthesis alternate in conjunction with new and emerging objects to add to the psychological structures brought to the fore by maturation. In many instances, as we see with John, over time and in a less focussed manner, developmental changes can approximate therapeutic change and visa versa. Freud-Dann in their "experiment" pursued one line, in which the equipmental delay brought on by extremely adverse living circumstances was redressed by providing an interpersonally enriching, loving, developmentally facilitating milieu. The sketches of individual children and John's subsequent story provide a perspective into what becomes the stuff of growth and what remains the stuff of neurosis. The developmental reserves and ego resilience of these children were impressive but probably not extraordinary. Usual growth ensued as soon as they were provided with the rich soil of Bulldogs Bank instead of the desert sand of the Tereszin concentration camp. However, no one can escape such adverse circumstances without having taken in the stuff of neurosis. Affects and percepts that were not assimilatable or even available to consciousness at the time remain buried in the unconscious. Pain deprived of meaning is buried as neurosis. As we see in John's story, experience that cannot be integrated at the time is locked away from whatever developmental progression has occurred. Intolerable affects and ideas require particular circumstances of object relation and verbalization such as are found in the context of psychoanalysis and arrived at through psychoanalytic interpretation. Or, as in John's case, they may give way only slowly and irregularly over long stretches of time, when subjected to life experiences in the company of new object relations. Broadly stated, the Freud-Dann paper helps us to appreciate that there are several pathways of protection and growth in the ego that involve the discovery or construction of new objects. Family-romance fantasies are a common manifestation of new-object phenomena. Transitional object phenomena are also related. For some individuals at a particular time or over a span of time, providing the right circumstances for the resumption of maturational and developmental growth is all it takes to make them whole. Changes in the adaptive ego are sufficient to alleviate the conflicts stemming from the neurotic ego. For others, depending upon the degree of their neurotic impairment, or for the same individual under other circumstances, therapeutic change in the deepest sense demands the relatively unconditional presence of the interactive and interpreting other. Children of the storm who come in for shelter and warmth may thrive, but they also require a means of getting at the storm in their core that has been internalized as part of the ego's survival mechanism. What can be extracted from the poignant story of the Bulldogs Bank children about current child-analytic technique? The psychoanalytic piano now may be more formally conceptualized as having white as well as black keys. Most analyses, adult and child, have been conducted as though the "black keys"--pressure to mastery through repetition and its subsequent interpretation in relation to the transference--were the sole agents of the

Downey, T W

2001-01-01

154

Nutritional Iron Deficiency in Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a • The true prevalence of nutritional iron deficiency (ID) in childhood is unclear because of the uncertainty over its definition\\u000a and the insensitivity of markers of ID.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • The major cause in developed countries is likely to be the excessive and early use of cow’s milk and a diet poor in haem\\u000a iron.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • Recent neuro-physiological observations support the many

Robert J. D. Moy

155

An Integrated Approach to Early Childhood Education and Care. Early Childhood and Family Policy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report was commissioned as a state-of-the-art paper on policy development and implementation of integrated or coordinated services of early childhood education and care (ECEC) within a systemic perspective. The report compares main ECEC policy issues in developed and developing countries, focusing on practical implications and mechanisms…

Haddad, Lenira

156

Multiple Perspectives on Play in Early Childhood Education. SUNY Series, Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides research in the area of educational play for early childhood teachers and teacher educators. Following an introduction by the editors, the chapters of the book are: (1) "A Historical Overview of Theories of Play" (Olivia Saracho and Bernard Spodek); (2) "Playing with a Theory of Mind" (Angeline Lillard); (3) "The Social Origins…

Saracho, Olivia N., Ed.; Spodek, Bernard, Ed.

157

Early Childhood Special Education. Yearbook in Early Childhood Education. Volume 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers recognizes ways in which the context of educational policy and its implications for practice have, in combination with other influences, defined early childhood special education and influenced its development. An introduction by Philip L. Safford is presented. Subsequent papers have the following titles and authors:…

Safford, Philip L., Ed.; And Others

158

How Do We Educate Teachers for Early Childhood Education: Early Childhood Educators in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the organization of early childhood education and preschool education in Japan and describes how teachers are trained for positions in these schools. It is noted that the organization of such education in Japan has undergone considerable change since the first kindergarten was established in 1877. At that time the curriculum…

Ishigaki, Emiko

159

Studying Teachers in Early Childhood Settings. Contemporary Perspectives in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These papers reflect the impact that early childhood teachers have on their students when they "stand in front of the classroom" and the effect their performance and characteristics have on children. After "Introduction: Factors that Impact Teacher Quality" (Olivia N. Saracho and Bernard Spodek), 11 papers include: (1) "The Preparation of Teachers…

Saracho, Olivia N., Ed.; Spodek, Bernard, Ed.

160

New Hampshire Early Childhood Professional Development System: Guide to Early Childhood Careers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The community of child care providers in New Hampshire has adopted the Early Childhood Professional Development System as an initial step toward assuring quality care and education for children. This guide describes the components of that system and is presented in eight sections. Section 1 of the guide introduces the system based on a set of two…

McDonnell, Tessa, Ed.

161

To receive the Early Childhood Minor and the Early Childhood Endorsement one Must  

E-print Network

in lower elementary classrooms in public schools; preschool teaching is done in seven weeks from late April school teachers. Students pursuing the Early Childhood endorsement must complete two student teaching teaching minors; English, French, mathematics, science, social studies, language arts and Spanish are all

Berdichevsky, Victor

162

Integrated and Early Childhood Education: Preparation for Social Development. Theme A: Relevant Provision for Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Factors which influence child development are listed and briefly discussed. These factors are (1) mother's childhood, (2) mother's age, (3) care during pregnancy and delivery, (4) early neonatal factors, (5) birth interval, (6) effect of repeated infection and malnutrition on brain growth and intellectual development, and (7) home environment. The…

Axton, J. H. M.

163

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Child Health in Early Adolescence  

PubMed Central

Objective 1) Examine the relationship between previous adverse childhood experiences and somatic complaints and health problems in early adolescence, and 2) examine the role of the timing of adverse exposures. Design Prospective analysis of the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect interview data when children were 4, 6, 8, 12 and 14 years old. Setting Children reported or at risk for maltreatment in the South, East, Midwest, Northwest, and Southwest United States LONGSCAN sites Participants 933 children. Main Exposures Eight categories of adversity (psychological maltreatment, physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, caregiver’s substance use/alcohol abuse, caregiver’s depressive symptoms, caregiver treated violently, and criminal behavior by household member) experienced during the first 6 years of life, the second six years of life, the most recent 2 years, and overall adversity Outcome Measures Child health problems including poor health, illness requiring a doctor, somatic complaints and any health problem at age 14. Results More than 90% of the youth had experienced an adverse childhood event by age 14. There was a graded relationship between adverse childhood exposures and any health problem, while 2 and ?3 adverse exposures were associated with somatic complaints. Recent adversity uniquely predicted poor health, somatic complaints and any health problem. Conclusions Childhood adversities, particularly recent adversities, already impair the health of young adolescents. Increased efforts to prevent and mitigate these experiences may improve the health of adolescents and adults. PMID:23645114

Flaherty, Emalee G.; Thompson, Richard; Dubowitz, Howard; Harvey, Elizabeth M; English, Diana J.; Everson, Mark D.; Proctor, Laura J.; Runyan, Desmond K.

2013-01-01

164

Early Childhood Education and Intervention: Establishing an American Tradition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews some major trends and issues in early childhood education and intervention during recent years. Discusses future developments in the sociopolitical, economic, legislative, educational, social, and policy-making realms as they will affect psychology's contributions to early education. (GC)

Weinberg, Richard A.

1979-01-01

165

Building Classroom Community: The Early Childhood Teacher's Role.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the view that fostering positive values and a sense of community in children is the heart of the early childhood teacher's role, this booklet offers suggestions for instilling respect, responsibility, and compassion in young children in early childhood settings. The booklet presents a philosophy and a set of practices by which preschool…

Stone, Jeannette G.

166

Accompanying Early Childhood Professional Reflection in Quebec: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the views of professionals from the Centre for Assistance and Support to Initiatives, Organisations, and Professionals in Early Childhood (CASIOPE) and its member organizations on how reflective practice in early childhood professional learning is understood, put into practice, and evaluated. Findings from this case study…

Lehrer, Joanne S.

2013-01-01

167

Workforce Development in Early Childhood Education and Care. Research Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The early childhood education and care industry in Australia is undergoing a shift in philosophy. Changes in policy are driving the industry towards a combined early childhood education and care focus, away from one on child care only. This move has implications for the skilling of the child care workforce. This research overview describes the…

Bretherton, Tanya

2010-01-01

168

Australian Early Childhood Educators: From Government Policy to University Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of the Australian Federal Government initiatives in the area of early childhood with regard to the provision of early childhood education and care. These changes have influenced a Western Australian university to develop an innovative birth to 8 years preservice educator education curriculum. Using an ecological…

Davies, Sharon; Trinidad, Sue

2013-01-01

169

Storytelling sagas: an effective medium for teaching early childhood mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a unique supplementary program that teaches early childhood mathematics (Pre-K to Grade 2), through a series of six problem-solving adventure stories. The mathematics concepts are taught to the children through the medium of oral storytelling sagas in an integrated approach that addresses language arts as well as early childhood mathematics competencies. Teachers and schools can select from

Beth Casey; Joanne E. Kersh; Jessica Mercer Young

2004-01-01

170

Swedish Child Care and Early Childhood Education in Transition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes recent changes in Swedish system of child care and early childhood education and analyzes them in relation to economic and socio-political context. Argues that early childhood education is an important part of the welfare society, which itself is in a state of transition, with neo-liberal ideas and economic constraints implying financial…

Kallos, Daniel; Broman, Ingegerd Tallberg

1997-01-01

171

Early Childhood Teachers' Preparation and the Quality of Program Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of the preparation of effective teachers becomes more critical for teachers of early childhood programs. It has been hypothesized that better program quality depends on better-educated teachers. The purpose of this investigation was to explore the importance of a high level of education for all early childhood education teachers. This…

Saracho, Olivia N.; Spodek, Bernard

2007-01-01

172

Recent Trends and Innovations in the Early Childhood Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines recent trends in early childhood education practice: the education of all children in inclusive classes, the management of vertical and horizontal transitions, the emergence of early childhood education and care programs, the development of school-family-community partnerships, the emphasis on language learning and emergent literacy, the…

Saracho, Olivia N.; Spodek, Bernard

2003-01-01

173

Getting Men Involved: Strategies for Early Childhood Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a guide for early childhood professionals, this book outlines specific success strategies for getting men--fathers or any significant male in a child's life--involved in early childhood education and child care, moving away from the traditional view of these fields as women's domains. The first section of the guide focuses on…

Levine, James A.; And Others

174

Family Strategies to Support and Develop Resilience in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood is an important time for the development of resilience. A recently completed study has followed three cohorts of resilient children and young people living in disadvantaged areas in Victoria, Australia, through different transitions in their educational careers. This paper focuses on the early childhood cohort, where we have…

Taket, A. R.; Nolan, A.; Stagnitti, K.

2014-01-01

175

Evaluation of the Quality of Early Childhood Classrooms in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the quality of two types of Turkish early childhood education programs: private and public preschools. Three public and three private preschools in a district of Istanbul were randomly selected. The quality of preschools was assessed using the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale developed by Harms et…

Gol-Guven, Mine

2009-01-01

176

Early Childhood Teacher Education in Pakistan: Time for Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a critical account of early childhood education (ECE) in Pakistan. It moves from a general review of the benefits of ECE to focus on the issues and challenges connected to the professional development of early childhood teachers. It highlights problems encountered in developing practitioners who are highly skilled in the…

Zada, Khan

2014-01-01

177

Effects of Critical Thinking Intervention for Early Childhood Teacher Candidates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is based on an intervention designed to enhance early childhood teacher candidates' critical thinking abilities. The concept, elements, standards, and traits of critical thinking were integrated into the main course contents, and the effects of the intervention were examined. The results indicated that early childhood teacher…

Han, Heejeong Sophia; Brown, E. Todd

2013-01-01

178

Today and Yesterday in Early Childhood Education in Korea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education has always been considered important in Korea, with the education of the child valued highly, regardless of the parent's educational background or socioeconomic status. The main social facility for early childhood education outside home in Korea is called "Yoo Chee Won," which means kindergarten. This paper describes the…

Lee, Guang-Lea

179

Family and Professional Priorities for Inclusive Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to provide information about what characteristics from the variety of inclusive early childhood programs are most valued and least valued by families and professionals. Participants were 10 family members of young children with disabilities being served in inclusive programs and 10 early childhood professionals…

Hurley, Jennifer J.; Horn, Eva M.

2010-01-01

180

First Steps: Stories on Inclusion in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents papers from 13 nations that describe the integration of children with disabilities into early childhood education programs. The compilation of case studies will serve as a reference document for the International Consultation on Early Childhood Education and Special Educational Needs, organized by UNESCO in collaboration…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

181

Stress in Early Childhood: Helping Children and Their Carers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers practical and effective strategies for stress management for both early childhood staff and the children in their care. Here, the author uncovers valuable insights into the causes of stress and outlines a range of activities to counteract it. Early childhood practitioners know that theirs is both a stressful and rewarding…

Thomas, Patrice

2006-01-01

182

Using Systematic Reviews to Investigate Research in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how the evidence base for aspects of early childhood has been explored using systematic research synthesis methods developed at the Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre (EPPI-Centre). Three early childhood systematic reviews have been carried out using EPPI-Centre procedures and tools. The…

Penn, Helen; Lloyd, Eva

2006-01-01

183

Teachers as Designers: Integrating Robotics in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a constructionist approach to introducing technology, in particular robotics, in the early childhood classroom. The authors demonstrate how this approach is well suited, since the four basic tenets of constructionism have a long-standing tradition in early childhood education: (a) learning by designing meaningful projects to…

Bers, Marina U.; Ponte, Iris; Juelich, Catherine; Viera, Alison; Schenker, Jonathan

2002-01-01

184

Teacher Training for Early Childhood Development and Education in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

The training of early childhood development and education (ECDE) teachers in Kenya remains a priority in recognition of the vital role well-trained professionals play in the quality of early childhood experiences for children ages 0+ to 5+. This article provides a detailed overview of the current structure and training of ECDE professionals, including pedagogical strategies and curricular guidelines. Specific attention

Tata Mbugua

2009-01-01

185

Early childhood teacher preparation programmes in the USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The preparation of effective early childhood education teachers continues to be a critical issue in the USA. Teacher education programmes prepare prospective teachers with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes they require to teach young children, which are based on research, theory, ethical considerations, and practice. This article describes six components of an early childhood teacher education programme in the preparation

Olivia N. Saracho

2012-01-01

186

Making Research Relevant in Preservice Early Childhood Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasingly, researchers, teacher educators and governmental agencies underline the need for early childhood professionals to be able to conduct and use relevant research in their practice. In contrast, early childhood teachers tend to draw exclusively on practical advice rather than research evidence to evaluate and develop their teaching. To…

Harrison, Linda J.; Dunn, Myra; Coombe, Kennece

2006-01-01

187

Renovating Early Childhood Education Pedagogy: A Case Study in Vietnam  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2003, the Vietnamese government has prioritised curriculum reform efforts and commitment to improving the quality of the national curriculum. The Vietnamese early childhood education renovation has encountered considerable changes and challenges, particularly in the area of pedagogical approaches. Many early childhood teachers continue to…

Thao, Dang Phuong; Boyd, Wendy Anne

2014-01-01

188

Quality in Early Childhood Programs: Reflections from Program Evaluation Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how program evaluation has contributed to the definition of quality in early childhood programs and what social and cultural conditions have influenced these definitions. First, a review of evaluation reports from the last 3 decades identified three types of quality used to evaluate early childhood programs: (a)…

Lee, Jin-Hee; Walsh, Daniel J.

2004-01-01

189

Motivation, Work Satisfaction, and Teacher Change among Early Childhood Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tests the explanatory power of Deci and Ryan's (1985) self-determination theory as a framework for describing how interactions between early childhood teachers and the systems within which their work is embedded influence motivation for professional growth and change in teaching practice. Fifty-four early childhood teachers and teacher…

Wagner, Brigid Daly; French, Lucia

2010-01-01

190

Early Childhood Music Education in Taiwan: An Ecological Systems Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examines early childhood music education in Taiwan through Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory. Factors in the microsystem level that influenced the musical development of children included adult perception of children, child-adult interactions, Taiwanese family structure, and the existing early childhood education system. The…

Leu, Jennifer Chau-Ying

2008-01-01

191

Building an Early Childhood Professional Development System. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The knowledge, skills, and practices of early childhood care providers and teachers are critical factors in their delivery of high-quality developmental and educational experiences to young children. However, studies have found that the majority of professionals that make up the current early childhood workforce are not adequately prepared. Recent…

NGA Center for Best Practices, 2010

2010-01-01

192

Early Childhood Teachers' Attitudes toward Gender Roles and toward Discipline  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study was to investigate early childhood teachers' attitudes toward gender roles and toward discipline. The findings demonstrated that early childhood teachers had a tendency to hold egalitarian attitudes toward gender roles and discipline. In other words, these attitudes were found to be highly correlated. (Contains 4…

Erden, Feyza

2004-01-01

193

Promoting School and Life Success through Early Childhood Family Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood family literacy programs have great potential to positively influence children and families. This article presents the core values and key components of high quality early childhood family literacy programs. The benefits and cost effectiveness of these programs are also discussed.

Swick, Kevin J.

2009-01-01

194

Quality, Compensation, & Affordability in Early Childhood Programs: An Action Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet is designed to provide strategies and suggestions for raising awareness and taking action on issues related to quality, compensation, and affordability in early childhood programs. Specific materials are designed for early childhood personnel, parents, civic and volunteer organizations, media, and policymakers. However, many of the…

National Association for the Education of Young Children, Washington, DC.

195

Designs for Living and Learning: Transforming Early Childhood Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the early childhood field has formed standards to help in recognizing quality programs for children, practitioners seldom use values to guide in selection of materials or to help plan early childhood environments. This book draws on a variety of educational approaches, including Waldorf, Montessori, and Reggio Emilia, to outline hundreds of…

Curtis, Deb; Carter, Margie

196

Early Childhood Socialization: Societal Context and Childrearing Values in Hungary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the socio-cultural context of early childhood socialization in Hungary. Using a macroscopic lens, we describe the national demographic situation and the social organization of early childhood education and care. Our analysis then shifts to a microscopic focus on parental values and beliefs about the substance of what young…

Brayfield, April; Korintus, Marta

2011-01-01

197

Current Topics in Early Childhood Education. Volume III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This third volume of Current Topics in Early Childhood Education brings together the work of contributers from five nations--Australia, England, Ireland, West Germany, and the United States--and discusses a variety of issues of interest to researchers and practitioners in early childhood education. The volume deals with the following issues: a…

Katz, Lilian G., Ed.; And Others

198

Teacher Preparation for Early Childhood: Special Education in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is intended to present the current model of teacher preparation for early childhood special education in Taiwan. Documentary analysis was conducted in the study to collect and analyze the obtained data. The main features of teacher preparation policies for early childhood special education in Taiwan could be summarized…

Ho, Hua-Kuo

2014-01-01

199

Investing in Michigan's Future: Meeting the Early Childhood Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents results from research into the effects of early childhood programs on their participants, particularly low-income and at-risk children. The studies described offer evidence on the long-term effects of high quality early childhood programs. Such programs can have long-lasting positive effects on children and their families,…

Schweinhart, Lawrence J.; Fulcher-Dawson, Rachel

2006-01-01

200

From Philosophy to Practice in Inclusive Early Childhood Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how early childhood programs can blend developmentally appropriate practices with early childhood special education recommended practices. The elements of an inclusive program and the guidelines to developmentally appropriate practice are explained, and strategies for implementing both practices within the same setting are described. (CR)

Udell, Tom; Peters, Joyce; Templeman, Torry Piazza

1998-01-01

201

School of Continuing Education Center for Early Childhood  

E-print Network

School of Continuing Education Center for Early Childhood Professional Development & Leadership www.sce-earlychildhood.uwm.edu Program Support Aide The Center for Early Childhood Professional Development & Leadership at the School including copy, scan and fax machines. Assist in the production of course materials. Assist with opening and

Saldin, Dilano

202

UMBC Department of Education Early Childhood Education Personnel Preparation Program  

E-print Network

UMBC Department of Education Early Childhood Education Personnel Preparation Program Procedures into the program, all applicants must be interviewed by an Early Childhood faculty member (or designee) who if you bring an unofficial copy of your transcript(s) and any other pertinent materials. 3) PRAXIS I TEST

Adali, Tulay

203

Unsettling Representational Practices: Inhabiting Relational Becomings in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to unsettle representational practices enacted through dominant multicultural pedagogical approaches in the early childhood classroom. Drawing from a research study in early childhood centers that investigated practitioners' and children's negotiations of racial difference, I explore how multicultural pedagogical approaches in…

Nxumalo, Fikile

2012-01-01

204

Researching Early Childhood Policy and Practice. A Critical Ecology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the renewed interest in early childhood education and care in European politics, and the implications for research in changing policy contexts. Based on the policy analysis, it argues for a radical reconceptualisation of how, with and for whom, and to what end we design, conduct and interpret research in early childhood in…

Urban, Mathias

2012-01-01

205

Classroom Effects of an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated an Early Childhood Educator Professional Development (ECEPD) project that provided high-quality, sustained, and intensive professional development designed to support developmentally appropriate instruction for preschool-age children based on the best available research on early childhood pedagogy, child development, and preschool…

Algozzine, Bob; Babb, Julie; Algozzine, Kate; Mraz, Maryann; Kissel, Brian; Spano, Sedra; Foxworth, Kimberly

2011-01-01

206

A Nordic Perspective on Early Childhood Education and Care Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The national policies and historical roots of early childhood education (ECE) vary from society to society. In the Nordic countries, early childhood education and care (ECEC) policies have been built in the context of the welfare state. As such, they are closely connected to other welfare policy areas such as social policy, family policy and…

Karila, Kirsti

2012-01-01

207

Service Learning: Field Experience for Advanced Early Childhood Degree Candidates  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the development of advanced degrees in early childhood education and the accompanying professional standards (National Association for Education of Young Children [NAEYC], 2002; National Board for Professional Teacher Standards [NBPTS], 2001, advanced early childhood programs are called to reach beyond the university classroom walls into the community in collaborative experiences. This paper reviews the changing context of teacher education,

Leslie J. Couse; Barbara Chorzempa

2005-01-01

208

Early Childhood Programs in Other Nations: Goals and Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

United States interest in the potential early childhood programs have for improving outcomes for children is shared by policymakers and researchers in many other nations. Throughout the world, enrollments in preschool and child care programs are rising. This article reviews international research documenting how participation in early childhood programs influenced children's later development and success in school. Studies conducted in

Sarane Spence Boocock

1995-01-01

209

Early Childhood Teacher Research: From Questions to Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is early childhood teacher research and why is it important? How does a teacher researcher formulate a research question and a plan for doing research? How do teachers apply research results to effect change? "Early Childhood Teacher Research" is an exciting new resource that will address the sorts of questions and concerns that pre- and…

Castle, Kathryn

2011-01-01

210

Longitudinal Associations between Endogenous Melatonin Production and Reported Sleep Duration from Childhood to Early Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: The study objective was to assess longitudinal associations between melatonin secretion and reported sleep duration from childhood to early adulthood. Methods: In the frame of the Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed (DONALD) Study, 24-hour melatonin secretion and average daily sleep duration were determined once during childhood (4–< 11 years), adolescence (11–<16 years) and early adulthood (16–19 years) in

Katharina Diethelm; Lars Libuda; Katja Bolzenius; Barbara Griefahn; Anette E. Buyken; Thomas Remer

2010-01-01

211

Development of the Early Childhood Curricular Beliefs Inventory: An Instrument to Identify Preservice Teachers' Early Childhood Curricular Orientation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to develop and field test an instrument that provides an efficient and scholarly tool for exploring curricular beliefs of preservice teachers in the area of early childhood education. The Early Childhood Curricular Beliefs Inventory (ECCBI) was developed through procedures that evaluated the content validity of identified statements, explored the criterion and construct validity, and

Melanie Kannwischer Jensen

2004-01-01

212

Connecting Emergent Curriculum and Standards in the Early Childhood Classroom: Strengthening Content and Teaching Practice. Early Childhood Education Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most pressing challenge in early childhood education today is to find a way to meet the standards within a developmentally appropriate approach. In this book, two active early childhood educators provide teachers with resources to bring content alive and document it in every-day, action-based pre-K and Kindergarten classrooms. The book…

Schwartz, Sydney L.; Copeland, Sherry M.

2010-01-01

213

The New York City Early Childhood Initiative Year II Evaluation. Learning Together: Children's Progress in Integrative Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Initiative (ECI), supported by the Fund for New York City Public Education, operates in four New York City schools, reinventing the early childhood classroom by combining special education and general education team teaching and a heterogeneous mix of students with developmentally appropriate instruction, authentic assessment,…

Winking, Deborah; Farley, Joanne; Schweder, Heather; Mabry, Linda

214

Early childhood caries in Indigenous communities  

PubMed Central

The oral health of Indigenous children of Canada (First Nations, Inuit and Métis) and the United States (American Indian and Alaska Native) is a major child health issue. This is exemplified by the high prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) with resulting adverse health effects, as well as high rates and costs of restorative and surgical treatments under general anesthesia. ECC is an infectious disease that is influenced by multiple factors, including socioeconomic determinants, and requires a combination of approaches for improvement. The present statement includes recommendations for oral health preventive and clinical care for young infants and pregnant women by primary health care providers, community-based health promotion initiatives, oral health workforce and access issues, and advocacy for community water fluoridation and fluoride varnish program access. Further community-based research on the epidemiology, prevention, management and microbiology of ECC in Indigenous communities would be beneficial. PMID:22654547

Irvine, JD; Holve, S; Krol, D; Schroth, R

2011-01-01

215

Trajectories of autism severity in early childhood.  

PubMed

Relatively little is known about trajectories of autism severity using calibrated severity scores (CSS) from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, but characterizing these trajectories has important theoretical and clinical implications. This study examined CSS trajectories during early childhood. Participants were 129 children with autism spectrum disorder evaluated annually from ages 2½ to 5½. The four severity trajectory classes that emerged--Persistent High (n = 47), Persistent Moderate (n = 54), Worsening (n = 10), and Improving (n = 18)-were strikingly similar to those identified by Gotham et al. (Pediatrics 130(5):e1278-e1284, 2012). Children in the Persistent High trajectory class had the most severe functional skill deficits in baseline nonverbal cognition and daily living skills and in receptive and expressive language growth. PMID:23907710

Venker, Courtney E; Ray-Subramanian, Corey E; Bolt, Daniel M; Ellis Weismer, Susan

2014-03-01

216

Kaupapa Kaimahi, Nga Kaitaunaki Kohungahunga = Corporate Plan, Early Childhood Development Unit, 1 July 1992 to 30 June 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report outlines the 1992-93 objectives for the Early Childhood Development Unit (ECDU), an organization that promotes high quality early childhood education, and parent and family involvement in education, in New Zealand. The report includes: (1) a statement of purpose; (2) guiding principles; (3) a statement concerning the responsibilities…

Early Childhood Development Unit, Wellington (New Zealand).

217

[National Laboratory on Early Childhood Education Program; Program Plans and Budget Request, Fiscal 1970 - Program Project Resumes 1969-70.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume explains the purposes and programs of the National Laboratory on Early Childhood Education. Its overriding objective is to broaden the base of knowledge concerning educational intervention and to develop comprehensive early childhood educational models. A brief discussion deals with the problems, strategies, and capacities of the…

1969

218

Ecological influences of early childhood obesity: a multilevel analysis.  

PubMed

This study aims to determine the contributing factors for early childhood overweight/obesity within the contexts of the child's home, school, and community, and to determine how much each of the ecological contexts contributes to childhood overweight/obesity. The framework was developed from Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory. Data for 2,100 children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort, were used in a series of multilevel modeling analyses. There was significant variation in childhood overweight/obesity by school and community. The majority of variation in childhood overweight/obesity was explained by the child and family factors in addition to school and community factors. Explained variance of childhood overweight/obesity at the school level was 27% and at the community level, 2%. The variance composition at children's family level alone was 71%. Therefore, overweight/obesity prevention efforts should focus primarily on child, family, and school factors and then community factors, to be more effective. PMID:23493675

Boonpleng, Wannaporn; Park, Chang Gi; Gallo, Agatha M; Corte, Colleen; McCreary, Linda; Bergren, Martha Dewey

2013-07-01

219

Depression and Anxiety Symptoms: Onset, Developmental Course and Risk Factors during Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Depressive and anxiety disorders are among the top ten leading causes of disabilities. We know little, however, about the onset, developmental course and early risk factors for depressive and anxiety symptoms (DAS). Objective: Model the developmental trajectories of DAS during early childhood and to identify risk factors for atypically…

Cote, Sylvana M.; Boivin, Michel; Liu, Xuecheng; Nagin, Daniel S.; Zoccolillo, Mark; Tremblay, Richard E.

2009-01-01

220

From Early Intervention to Early Childhood Programs: Timeline for Early Successful Transitions (TEST)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than one million transitions between early intervention services and early childhood programs are facilitated annually for youngsters with special needs. To be successful, these transitions require planning and ongoing communication between all parties. This article substantiates the need for a timeline/checklist and provides a model of…

Brandes, Joyce A.; Ormsbee, Christine K.; Haring, Kathryn A.

2007-01-01

221

Maternal nutrition and oral health factors in early childhood caries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most common chronic infectious disease of childhood worldwide. Seven of ten American children have one or more decayed or filled primary teeth by age five. ECC prevalence is especially high in lower socio-economic ethnic populations. Commonly recognized as a diet-induced disease, focal etiological factors include cariogenic bacteria, fermentable carbohydrates, and a susceptible newly

Sue Etta Daily Cunningham

2007-01-01

222

Division of Education Early Childhood Special Education Proposal  

E-print Network

) (3) 3 3 #12;SB #3704 Child Development · Human Development; · *Child Development; Middle Childhood Child Development ECED 230 Early Childhood Growth and Development 9 Hrs. Required 3 3 3 Home the Young Child with Disabilities Integrated Curriculum which addresses the following areas: · Language Arts

Gering, Jon C.

223

Growth and Aggression: 1. Childhood to Early Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Followed 4th-grade subjects (116 girls and 104 boys) in annual assessments of aggressive patterns over 6 years, from childhood through early adolescence. Results indicated that: (a) there were marked normative shifts from childhood to adolescence in the nature of aggressive themes in conflicts, with developmental persistence of direct confrontation and physical attacks (i.e., a \\

Robert B. Cairns; Beverley D. Cairns; Holly J. Neckerman; Lynda L. Ferguson; Jean-Louis Gariépy

1989-01-01

224

Providing Optimal Opportunities: Structuring Practicum Experiences in Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education Preservice Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An approach to designing field-based practicum opportunities for preservice students is described. First, the importance of quality field experiences is presented, together with a conceptual framework. Second, foundational and philosophical perspectives in early childhood and early intervention (EI) and early childhood special education (ECSE)…

Macy, Marisa; Squires, Jane K.; Barton, Erin E.

2009-01-01

225

PRESCHOOL TEACHERS' EARLY PERCEPTIONS OF EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION.  

E-print Network

??This study explored five preschool teachers' perceptions about Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) in Early Childhood Education (ECE). Participating teachers provided a wide range of… (more)

Green, Shannon Susan

2013-01-01

226

Early Childhood Psychosis: Infantile Autism, Childhood Schizophrenia and Related Disorders. An Annotated Bibliography 1964 to 1969.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annotated bibliography on early childhood psychosis (infantile autism, childhood schizophrenia, and related disorders) contains 424 entries (books, journal articles, conference and research reports) dating from 1964 through the first 6 months of 1970, which pertain to theory, research, and treatment. Number of entries for each subject is noted…

Bryson, Carolyn Q.; Hingtgen, Joseph N.

227

Assessing Thai Early Childhood Teachers' Knowledge of Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ever-increasing number of children with and without disabilities are attending early childhood programmes and learning together. Early childhood inclusion considers all children with and without disabilities, and their families as full members of the early childhood community. Although many early childhood teachers accept the educational rights…

Agbenyega, Joseph S.; Klibthong, Sunanta

2014-01-01

228

Nice ladies who love children: the status of the early childhood professional in society  

Microsoft Academic Search

Who is the early childhood professional? What is the discipline of early childhood? Six images are used to exemplify the early childhood educator and eight specific issues are identified for discussion which are relevant to the early childhood profession including appropriate qualifications, nomenclature, roles, profit?making services, and partnership with parents. Concrete tasks for the profession to undertake conclude the article.

Anne Stonehouse

1989-01-01

229

Global Perspectives on Early Childhood Education. Proceedings from the Global Perspectives on Early Childhood Education Workshop (Washington, DC, April 6-7, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A workshop on Global Perspectives on Early Childhood Education brought together leading experts on preschool education and early learning in other countries. The workshop was intended to stimulate the exchange of ideas on early childhood education by providing an opportunity for early childhood educators, researchers, and policy experts from…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

230

Research issues in early childhood caries.  

PubMed

Research is needed to establish what nomenclature and case definition for early childhood caries (ECC) are most relevant to health care professionals and to the public. Profiles or indexes for predicting the prevalence of ECC in communities should be developed on the basis of the socioeconomic factors, immigrant status and ethnic/racial backgrounds of populations. Future research should target risk factors of ECC, particularly prenatal and perinatal histories, nutritional status and microbiologic factors. Determining the relation of malnutrition of infants and young children, low birthweight, complicated pregnancies and traumatic births with the development of enamel linear hypoplasia deserves research attention. Factors that affect how and when infants and young children are colonized by mutans streptococci also need further study. The evaluation of chemotherapeutic preventive agents will likely yield more fruitful interventions for prevention than trying to change behaviors. Research in young children to prevent ECC, however, has particular ethical considerations. Withholding treatments or administering placebos to vulnerable subjects is not acceptable. Consequently, future clinical research likely will determine the relative rather than the absolute effectiveness of preventive regimens; the former requires large sample sizes and may necessitate multi-center studies. Human studies may be hampered by problems of recruitment, compliance and transiency of subjects. Because federal support for research on dental caries has declined in recent years, a special initiative that focuses specifically on ECC may be necessary to obtain adequate funding for research on the disease. PMID:9671202

Horowitz, H S

1998-01-01

231

Early childhood numeracy in a multiage setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research is a case study examining numeracy teaching and learning practices in an early childhood multiage setting with Pre-Primary to Year 2 children. Data were collected via running records, researcher reflection notes, and video and audio recordings. Video and audio transcripts were analysed using a mathematical discourse and social interactions coding system designed by MacMillan (1998), while the running records and reflection notes contributed to descriptions of the children's interactions with each other and with the teachers. Teachers used an `assisted performance' approach to instruction that supported problem solving and inquiry processes in mathematics activities, and this, combined with a child-centred pedagogy and specific values about community learning, created a learning environment designed to stimulate and foster learning. The mathematics discourse analysis showed a use of explanatory language in mathematics discourse, and this language supported scaffolding among children for new mathematics concepts. These and other interactions related to peer sharing, tutoring and regulation also emerged as key aspects of students' learning practices. However, the findings indicated that multiage grouping alone did not support learning. Rather, effective learning was dependent upon the teacher's capacities to develop productive discussion among children, as well as implement developmentally appropriate curricula that addressed the needs of the different children.

Wood, Karen; Frid, Sandra

2005-10-01

232

Scaffolding conceptual change in early childhood  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The general educational literature draws our attention to the limitations of Piaget’s work and presents a number of interesting ideas that science educators and researchers could consider. Of interest are Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky’s writings on the zone of proximal development and the more recent writings of Jerome Bruner on scaffolding. The notion of learning as a a socially constructed process in opposition to the more individualistic orientation of Piaget has challenged much of our educational practice. This paper will briefly explore the basic tenets of constructivism and contrast the theories developed from within this paradigm to the work of Vygotsky and Bruner through an analysis of classroom discourse collected from a number of early childhood classes involved in the interactive teaching approach to science. Transcripts of teacher-child discourse are presented as evidence to support the proposition that when the teacher’s role is not clearly defined, the range of teacher-child interactions will vary enormously, and the subsequent learning outcomes for children will be quite different.

Fleer, Marilyn

1990-01-01

233

An alternative undergraduate teacher preparation program in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The realities of a multi?racial, multi?ethnic, and multi?ability student population demand a unique and nontraditional approach characterized by an individualization sensitive to group identity. The primary goal of this alternative Early Childhood Studies\\/Education Program with a degree of Bachelor of Science is to provide a comprehensive contemporary program of teacher preparation and education for inclusive early childhood settings. The goal

Yaoying Xu; Jeffrey Gelfer; John Filler

2003-01-01

234

The European roots of early childhood education in North America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Early childhood education in North America is currently in a state of flux. While Piagetian approaches to early childhood\\u000a education curricula seem to predominate in North America today, some of the influences of the other paradigms discussed below\\u000a are still in evidence. The idea of nurturing children as well as educating them has endured, even with the new cognitive focus.

Gary Woodill

1986-01-01

235

In support of drama in early childhood education, again  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood practitioners appear to be in an unending battle to legitimize the use of the dramatic arts in the classroom.\\u000a Even early childhood educators who accept the value of dramatic play seldom utilize the potential of drama fully. The purpose\\u000a of this article is to reinforce the value of drama and theater for young children. Dramatic play, creative drama,

Lou Furman

2000-01-01

236

Building Community Systems for Young Children: Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) launched the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (SECCS) Initiative to improve systems of care for young children. Early Care and Education (ECE) is one of five critical components in the initiative because early experiences set the foundation for future learning. ECE's importance continues to…

Stipek, Deborah; Kuo, Alice; Inkelas, Moira; Bassok, Daphna

2004-01-01

237

Early Childhood Music Education in Australia: A Snapshot  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy for early childhood music education (birth to eight years of age) in Australia covers a complex and diverse range of curriculum guidelines and legislation relating to the contexts of day care, preschool, and the early years of school. Australian models and policies vary from state to state and according to setting. Furthermore, early

Suthers, Louie

2008-01-01

238

Exceptional Children Conference Papers: Early Childhood Education - An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight conference papers on early childhood education give a philosophical overview to the instruction of young children. Contents include a presentation by Edward W. Martin on a new outlook for early education of handicapped children and a report by Mrs. Betty Dubnoff on the case for early identification and intervention. Other presentations…

Council for Exceptional Children, Arlington, VA.

239

Early childhood television viewing predicts explosive leg strength and waist circumference by middle childhood  

PubMed Central

Background The relationship between early childhood television viewing and physical fitness in school age children has not been extensively studied using objective outcome measures. Methods Using a sample of 1314 children from the Québec Longitudinal Study of Child Development, we examine the association between parental reports of weekly hours of television viewing, assessed at 29 and 53 months of age, and direct measures of second grade muscular fitness using performances on the standing long jump test (SLJ) and fourth grade waist circumference. Results Controlling for many potentially confounding child and family variables, each hour per week of television watched at 29 months corresponded to a .361 cm decrease in SLJ, 95% CI between -.576 and -.145. A one hour increase in average weekly television exposure from 29 to 53 months was associated with a further .285 cm reduction in SLJ test performance, 95% CI between -.436 and -.134 cm and corresponded to a .047 cm increase in waistline circumference, 95% CI between .001 and .094 cm. Interpretation Watching television excessively in early childhood, may eventually compromise muscular fitness and waist circumference in children as they approach pubertal age. PMID:22793018

2012-01-01

240

Frequency of Six Early Childhood Education Approaches: A 10Year Content Analysis of Early Childhood Education Journal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The frequency of early childhood education approaches spanning 10 years of publications was investigated. A content analysis\\u000a of publications (N = 492) from Early Childhood Education Journal was conducted. From a previous content analysis six approaches or search words were identified: Bank Street, Head Start,\\u000a High\\/Scope, Montessori, Reggio Emilia, and Waldorf. Overall, the current content analysis demonstrated that the Head Start\\u000a approach most

Bridget A. Walsh; Karen Petty

2007-01-01

241

Identifying Paraprofessional Competencies for Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article identifies competencies needed by paraprofessionals working in early childhood special education including ways to document various mastery levels. It describes use of the competencies in Oregon's early childhood special education personnel development program. It explains the process used to identify needed competencies and also…

Killoran, John; Templeman, Torry Piazza; Peters, Joyce; Udell, Tom

2001-01-01

242

Bienvenidos al Boletn de Noticias de Early Childhood CARES Bienvenidos a la edicin de primavera del boletn de Early Childhood Cares, un  

E-print Network

Bienvenidos al Boletín de Noticias de Early Childhood CARES Bienvenidos a la edición de primavera del boletín de Early Childhood Cares, un boletín para Early Childhood CARES es apoyar a los padres con clases y talleres para

243

Investigating Pre-Service Early Childhood Teachers' Views and Intentions about Integrating and Using Computers in Early Childhood Settings: Compilation of an Instrument  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the compilation of an instrument in order to investigate pre-service early childhood teachers' views and intentions about integrating and using computers in early childhood settings. For the purpose of this study a questionnaire was compiled and administered to 258 pre-service early childhood teachers (PECTs), in Greece. A…

Nikolopoulou, Kleopatra; Gialamas, Vasilis

2009-01-01

244

In-Service and Pre-Service Early Childhood Teachers' Views and Intentions about ICT Use in Early Childhood Settings: A Comparative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper regards a comparative study which investigates in-service and pre-service Greek early childhood teachers' views and intentions about integrating and using computers in early childhood settings. Views and intentions were investigated via a questionnaire administered to 240 in-service and 428 pre-service early childhood teachers.…

Gialamas, Vasilis; Nikolopoulou, Kleopatra

2010-01-01

245

Equity and Quality? Challenges for Early Childhood and Primary Education in Ethiopia, India and Peru. Working Papers in Early Childhood Development, No. 55. Studies in Early Childhood Transitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of the "Studies in Early Transitions" series, this Working Paper draws on interviews and observations carried out as part of "Young Lives", a 15-year longitudinal study of childhood poverty in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam based at the University of Oxford's Department of International Development. This paper focuses on the challenges of…

Woodhead, Martin; Ames, Patricia; Vennam, Uma; Abebe, Workneh; Streuli, Natalia

2009-01-01

246

Early Adolescent Risk Behavior Outcomes of Childhood Externalizing Behavioral Trajectories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about the early childhood indicators of adolescent risk. The link between trajectories of externalizing behavioral problems and early adolescent risk behavior was examined in a longitudinal sample of 875 child participants in the LONGSCAN studies. Five trajectory groups of children defined by externalizing behavior problems were…

Thompson, Richard; Tabone, Jiyoung Kim; Litrownik, Alan J.; Briggs, Ernestine C.; Hussey, Jon M.; English, Diana J.; Dubowitz, Howard

2011-01-01

247

Planning in Middle Childhood: Early Predictors and Later Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from 1,364 children and families who participated in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development were analyzed to track the early correlates and later academic outcomes of planning during middle childhood. Maternal education, through its effect on parenting quality when…

Friedman, Sarah L.; Scholnick, Ellin K.; Bender, Randall H.; Vandergrift, Nathan; Spieker, Susan; Pasek, Kathy Hirsh; Keating, Daniel P.; Park, Yoonjung

2014-01-01

248

Storytelling Sagas: An Effective Medium for Teaching Early Childhood Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a unique supplementary program that teaches early childhood mathematics (Pre-K to Grade 2), through a series of six problem-solving adventure stories. The mathematics concepts are taught to the children through the medium of oral storytelling sagas in an integrated approach that addresses language arts as well as early

Casey, Beth; Kersh, Joanne, E.; Young, Jessica Mercer

2004-01-01

249

Research Ideas for the Classroom: Early Childhood Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Ideas for the Classroom is a three-volume series of research interpretations for early childhood, middle grades, and high school mathematics classrooms. Each volume looks at research from the perspective of the learner, the content, and the teacher, and chapters are co-authored by a researcher and a teacher. Chapter titles in the early

Jensen, Robert J., Ed.

250

Investing in Early Childhood Education: A Global Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last several decades have seen growing global interest in the potential for public investments in early childhood care and education (ECCE) to improve the development of young children, especially those from socially disadvantaged groups. This interest is based on evidence of the importance of environmental influences on early cognitive and…

Barnett, W. S.; Nores, M.

2012-01-01

251

Listening in Early Childhood: An Interdisciplinary Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three general purposes of research in human development are to explain, predict, and modify behavior. Studies of listening during early childhood (birth through age eight) are of particular significance to the field because they enable researchers to describe listening processes from their very origins (explain), they demonstrate the effects of early listening experiences on later experiences (predict), and they offer

Mary Renck Jalongo

2010-01-01

252

Online Professional Development: Choices for Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood educators are responsible for providing young children with the best possible early care and education. Research on child care workers' education has shown that professional preparation makes a significant impact on children's cognitive and emotional development (National Association for the Education of Young Children [NAEYC],…

Olsen, Heather; Donaldson, Ana J.; Hudson, Susan D.

2010-01-01

253

The multiple sclerotic osteogenic sarcoma of early childhood.  

PubMed

Two cases of sclerosing osteogenic sarcoma that occurred in early childhood are reported. They and the similar cases reviewed are unusual in their development at an unusually early age, their multicentric presentation and their densely sclerotic nature. These are uncommon manifestations of osteogenic sarcoma and are considered due to proliferative metastatic osteoid formation in areas of rapid bone growth. PMID:1065446

Cremin, B J; Heselson, N G; Webber, B L

1976-05-01

254

A Study of Early Childhood Education Programmes in Delhi, India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early years is the period of rapid physical and mental growth wherein the foundation for the child's development is laid and therefore, these years are considered extremely critical for the overall development of the child. Given the critical significance of these early childhood years, it is imperative for every child to get the opportunity to…

Chopra, Neelima

2012-01-01

255

Periodic Early Childhood Hearing Screening: The EHDI Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State coordinators of early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI) programs completed a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats, or SWOT, analysis that examined 12 areas within state EHDI programs. Concerning periodic early childhood hearing screening, 47 coordinators listed 241 items and themes were identified within each SWOT…

Hoffman, Jeff; Houston, K. Todd; Munoz, Karen F.; Bradham, Tamala S.

2011-01-01

256

Investments for Future: Early Childhood Development and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investments relevant to the first years of life are directly connected to the future of societies. It can be argued that investments for early childhood development and education are one of the best ways of decreasing social inequality caused by adverse environments which hinder development in early ages and tackling poverty by reducing the rate…

Kartal, Hulya

2007-01-01

257

Early Childhood Care & Education: Basic Indicators on Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides information on eleven basic indicators of the well being of young children, their families, and communities worldwide. It consists of two parts: The first summarizes information on the importance of the early childhood period for children, the education system, and parents; describes the organization of efficient early

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Young Child and the Family Environment Unit.

258

Should Rewards Have a Place in Early Childhood Programs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does the use of rewards to motivate children to learn or to follow classroom rules run counter to fostering a true desire for mastery? This column, which consists of two separate articles, provides the opposing opinions of the authors regarding the appropriateness of giving rewards in an early childhood classroom. In "Using Rewards in the Early

Shiller, Virginia M.; O'Flynn, Janet C.; Reineke, June; Sonsteng, Kathleen; Gartrell, Dan

2008-01-01

259

A Bridge between Early Childhood Research and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers, center directors, principals, and policy makers constantly make decisions about early childhood education. Early educators are increasingly expected to draw connections between what they do in the classroom and what research shows. Researchers are encouraged to investigate matters critical to educators' day-to-day work with children and…

Snow, Kyle

2011-01-01

260

Where is the (postmodern) child in early childhood education research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within early years education research there is a lack of research that focuses on the child and that constructs the child as co?constructor of knowledge, culture and identity. Although there is much writing on early childhood education with regard to teacher practice, pedagogy and curriculum, these discussions are rarely informed by the perspectives of children. The author conducted a review

Melanie D. Janzen

2008-01-01

261

Hide and Seek: Values in Early Childhood Education and Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education and care settings in England and the people who work in them constitute an important sphere of influence, shaping young children's characters and values. But the values and dispositions expected of the early years workforce are missing from statutory policy documentation despite its clear requirement that practitioners…

Powell, Sacha

2010-01-01

262

Framing Early Childhood Development: Strategic Communications and Public Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief focuses on the potential role that strategic communications can play in helping state (Maternal Child Health) MCH programs and their collaborating partners frame their message to enhance the public's understanding of the importance of early child development and the need for a comprehensive and integrated early childhood system. The…

Gilliam, Franklin D.; Bales, Susan Nall

2004-01-01

263

Early childhood development and social mobility.  

PubMed

Steven Barnett and Clive Belfield examine the effects of preschool education on social mobility in the United States. They note that under current policy three- and four-year-old children from economically and educationally disadvantaged families have higher preschool attendance rates than other children. But current programs fail to enroll even half of poor three- and four-year-olds. Hispanics and children of mothers who drop out of school also participate at relatively low rates. The programs also do little to improve learning and development. The most effective programs, they explain, are intensive interventions such as the model Abecedarian and Perry Preschool programs, which feature highly qualified teachers and small group sizes. State preschool programs with the highest standards rank next, followed by Head Start and the average state program, which produce effects ranging from one-tenth to one-quarter of those of the best programs. Typical child care and family support programs rank last. Barnett and Belfield point out that preschool programs raise academic skills on average, but do not appear to have notably different effects for different groups of children, and so do not strongly enhance social mobility. In such areas as crime, welfare, and teen parenting, however, preschool seems more able to break links between parental behaviors and child outcomes. Increased investment in preschool, conclude Barnett and Belfield, could raise social mobility. Program expansions targeted to disadvantaged children would help them move up the ladder, as would a more universal set of policies from which disadvantaged children gained disproportionately. Increasing the educational effectiveness of early childhood programs would provide for greater gains in social mobility than increasing participation rates alone. The authors observe that if future expansions of preschool programs end up serving all children, not just the poorest, society as a whole would gain. Benefits would exceed costs and there would be more economic growth, but relative gains for disadvantaged children would be smaller than absolute gains because there would be some (smaller) benefits to other children. PMID:17036547

Barnett, W Steven; Belfield, Clive R

2006-01-01

264

Using mathematics strategies in early childhood education as a basis for culturally responsive teaching in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this small study was to elicit responses from early childhood teachers in India on mathematics learning strategies and to measure the extent of finger counting technique adopted by the teachers in teaching young children. Specifically, the research focused on the effective ways of teaching mathematics to children in India, and examined teachers’ approach to number counting. In

Smita Guha

2006-01-01

265

Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Early-Childhood-Onset Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Adult major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with reduced cortico-limbic functional connectivity thought to indicate decreased top-down control of emotion. However, it is unclear whether such connectivity alterations are also present in early-childhood-onset MDD. Method: A total of 51 children 7 through 11 years of age who had…

Luking, Katherine R.; Repovs, Grega; Belden, Andy C.; Gaffrey, Michael S.; Botteron, Kelly N.; Luby, Joan L.; Barch, Deanna M.

2011-01-01

266

Developing Materials and Support for Early Childhood Educators To Increase Abilities To Become Effective Advocates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because early childhood educators were minimally knowledgeable about and uninvolved in state legislative activities affecting their profession, an experienced child advocate developed a practicum to increase practitioners' knowledge and involvement. To attain practicum objectives, an advocacy handbook was developed and an advocacy project support…

Robinson, Barbara J.

267

Health and Physical Development in Early Childhood Programs: Recommendations for Programs and Their Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One concern frequently cited regarding early childhood programs is that methods for assessing some of their more important objectives are inadequate or nonexistent. This paper addresses this concern in the areas of health, safety, nutrition, dental health, and physical development during the preschool years. An organizing framework for classifying…

Love, John M.

268

The Importance of Early Childhood Poverty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most poor children achieve less, exhibit more problem behaviors and are less healthy than children reared in more affluent families. We look beyond correlations such as these to a recent set of studies that attempt to assess the causal impact of childhood poverty on adult well-being. We pay particular attention to the potentially harmful effects…

Duncan, Greg J.; Magnuson, Katherine; Kalil, Ariel; Ziol-Guest, Kathleen

2012-01-01

269

Early-onset childhood sarcoidosis with incidental multiple enchondromatosis.  

PubMed

The triad of rash, arthritis, and uveitis seems to be characteristic for early-onset childhood sarcoidosis. We describe an interesting case of early-onset childhood sarcoidosis coexisting enchondromatosis, which clinically masquerade as Langerhans cell histiocytosis. A 33 months old girl presented with skin rash, subcutaneous nodules with polyarthritis, and revealed the involvement of lymph nodes as well as spleen during work-up. She also presented with multiple osteolytic lesions which pathologically proven enchondromatosis. Oral prednisone was prescribed at 2 mg/kg/day for 2 months until when subcutaneous nodules and joint swellings almost disappeared, and then slowly tapered over a period of 5 months. We report an unusual case of early-onset childhood sarcoidosis presented with osteolytic bone lesions which were irrelevant to sarcoidosis. PMID:22219622

Lee, Jong-Hwa; Lim, Yeon-Jung; Lee, Seunghun; Joo, Kyung Bin; Choi, Yun Young; Park, Chan-Kum; Lee, Young-Ho

2012-01-01

270

Perinatal and Early Childhood Environmental Factors Influencing Allergic Asthma Immunopathogenesis  

PubMed Central

Background The prevalence of asthma has increased dramatically over the past several decades. While hereditary factors are highly important, the rapid rise outstrips the pace of genomic variation. Great emphasis has been placed on potential modifiable early life exposures leading to childhood asthma. Methods We reviewed the recent medical literature for important studies discussing the role of the perinatal and early childhood exposures and the inception of childhood asthma. Results and Discussion Early life exposure to allergens (House dust mite (HDM), furred pets, cockroach, rodent and mold)air pollution (nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and particulate matter (PM)) and viral respiratory tract infections (Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human rhinovirus (hRV)) have been implicated in the development of asthma in high risk children. Conversely, exposure to microbial diversity in the perinatal period may diminish the development of atopy and asthma symptoms. PMID:24952205

Gaffin, Jonathan M.; Kanchongkittiphon, Watcharoot; Phipatanakul, Wanda

2014-01-01

271

Early Childhood Education Policy Reform in Hong Kong: Challenges in Effecting Change in Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The same factors appear to drive early childhood policy in all parts of the world, including the importance accorded to early childhood education, national goals, governments' beliefs about their role in the early care and education of young children, governments' regulations of early childhood services, and the background and characteristics of…

Pearson, Emma; Rao, Nirmala

2006-01-01

272

Preventive Intervention for Early Childhood Behavioral Problems: An Ecological Perspective  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of preventive interventions targeting parents when addressing early childhood behavior problems. We briefly review evidence-based parent management training programs (PMT), focusing on one particular program, the Incredible Years Series (IY). Next, we discuss the barriers to embedding evidence-based practice like IY in community contexts, and demonstrate how early childhood mental health consultation can be used to enhance community capacity to adopt evidence-based practice and improve outcomes for the large number of young children and their families in need. PMID:19486845

Shepard, Stephanie A.; Dickstein, Susan

2009-01-01

273

Early menarche and childhood adversities in a nationally representative sample  

PubMed Central

Background Epidemiological evidence suggests that early menarche, defined as onset of menses at age 11 or earlier, has increased in prevalence in recent birth cohorts and is associated with multiple poor medical and mental health outcomes in adulthood. There is evidence that childhood adversities occurring prior to menarche contribute to early menarche. Methods Data collected in face-to-face interviews with a nationally representative sample of women age 18 and over (N?=?3288), as part of the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication, were analyzed. Associations between pre-menarchal childhood adversities and menarche at age 11 or earlier were estimated in discrete time survival models with statistical adjustment for age at interview, ethnicity, and body mass index. Adversities investigated included physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, biological father absence from the home, other parent loss, parent mental illness, parent substance abuse, parent criminality, inter-parental violence, serious physical illness in childhood, and family economic adversity. Results Mean age at menarche varied across decadal birth cohorts (?2????=?21.41, p?Childhood adversities were also more common in younger than older cohorts. Of the 11 childhood adversities, 5 were associated with menarche at age 11 or earlier, with OR of 1.3 or greater. Each of these five adversities is associated with a 26% increase in the odds of early menarche (OR?=?1.26, 95% CI 1.14-1.39). The relationship between childhood sexual abuse and early menarche was sustained after adjustment for co-occurring adversities. (OR?=?1.77, 95% CI 1.21-2.6). Conclusions Evidence from this study is consistent with hypothesized physiological effects of early childhood family environment on endocrine development. Childhood sexual abuse is the adversity most strongly associated with early menarche. However, because of the complex way that childhood adversities cluster within families, the more generalized influence of highly dysfunctional family environments cannot be ruled out. PMID:25089128

2014-01-01

274

An Ecological Risk Model for Early Childhood Anxiety: The Importance of Early Child Symptoms and Temperament  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Childhood anxiety is impairing and associated with later emotional disorders. Studying risk factors for child anxiety may allow earlier identification of at-risk children for prevention efforts. This study applied an ecological risk model to address how early childhood anxiety symptoms, child temperament, maternal anxiety and depression symptoms,…

Mian, Nicholas D.; Wainwright, Laurel; Briggs-Gowan, Margaret J.; Carter, Alice S.

2011-01-01

275

Health Needs and Opportunities in Home and Family Oriented Early Childhood Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Issues influencing the formation of home and family oriented early childhood development programs are examined. Early childhood programs formerly focused on work with the child alone in a central setting outside the home. Due to increased awareness of the...

B. L. Cordry, E. C. Curtis, A. Smith-Osborne, S. Pyne, M. Slatin

1979-01-01

276

Innovative practices in early childhood classrooms: what makes a teacher an early adopter?  

E-print Network

This basic qualitative research study focused on the internal constructions of ten early childhood education teachers who take new information acquired from workshops, coursework, or other educational venues and quickly incorporate...

Marshall, Ellen

2004-09-30

277

Male Teachers in Early Childhood Education: Issues and Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the debate about the desirability or otherwise, of attempting to address the gender imbalance in the early childhood teaching profession has been limited by a reliance on rhetoric rather than empirical evidence. The purpose of this article is to assist in shifting this debate to a more empirical basis by reporting findings from an…

Sumsion, J.

2005-01-01

278

More Alike than Different: Early Childhood Professional Development in Guatemala  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an early childhood professional development project that took place in the summer of 2005 in Guatemala City. Located in Central America, Guatemala has a population of approximately 12.3 million people, including more than two million children under the age of 5 (UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2007; UNICEF, 2004). Events…

Hardin, Belinda J.; Vardell, Rosemarie; de Castaneda, Albertina

2008-01-01

279

Early Childhood Education: Policy Issues for the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the separation of child-related policy makers from practitioners who know best what is good and appropriate for children, this anthology is designed as a guide for child-related policy development. The book's chapters are as follows: (1) "Early Childhood Policy" (Dolores A. Stegelin), providing an historical context and identifying eight…

Stegelin, Dolores A., Ed.

280

Teaching Expository Comprehension Skills in Early Childhood Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This pilot project implemented and evaluated a theme-based unit designed to teach expository comprehension skills to young children in four preschool classrooms. Method: The program and the unit were collaborative efforts of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and early childhood educators. Within topically related units, 71 children ages…

Culatta, Barbara; Hall-Kenyon, Kendra M.; Black, Sharon

2010-01-01

281

Early Parental Adjustment and Bereavement after Childhood Cancer Death  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study comprehensively explored parental bereavement and adjustment at 6 months post-loss due to childhood cancer. Interviews were conducted with 18 mothers and 13 fathers. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed based on qualitative methodology. A model describing early parental bereavement and adaptation emerged with 3 domains:…

Barrera, Maru; O'connor, Kathleen; D'Agostino, Norma Mammone; Spencer, Lynlee; Nicholas, David; Jovcevska, Vesna; Tallet, Susan; Schneiderman, Gerald

2009-01-01

282

Building Leadership Capacity in Early Childhood Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building leadership capacity has emerged as a key concern within the early childhood profession in Australia as the sector responds to recent national reforms focusing on raising standards and improving quality provision of services. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the discussion around these reforms and to make a case for changes…

Campbell-Evans, Glenda; Stamopoulos, Elizabeth; Maloney, Carmel

2014-01-01

283

Roadmap: Early Childhood Education Technology Associate of Applied Science  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Early Childhood Education Technology ­ Associate of Applied Science [RE-AAS-ECET] Regional Credit Hours] ECED 20163 Understanding Young Children: Typical and Atypical 3 C ECET 21010 Infant/Toddler Curriculum and Services 3 C EPSY 29525 Educational Psychology 3 C ITEC 19525 Educational Technology 3 C

Sheridan, Scott

284

Annotated Film Bibliography: Child Development and Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated film bibliography is a compilation of film listings suitable for early childhood education teacher training, parent education, and for viewing by children. The list has been gathered from a variety of sources including the National Association for the Education of Young Children's conference film showings for the past several years,…

Holt, Carol Lou, Comp.

285

International Work in Early Childhood Education: A UNESCO Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines UNESCO's place in the United Nations system. Outlines new situations that have arisen in recent years for the world's children, noting that the major problem for international organizations is not children's survival but their development. Presents an early childhood development programing model which takes into account research and the…

Bennett, John

1993-01-01

286

Early Childhood Education: Functional Interactivity of Family--Community--School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The argument presented in this monograph stresses that, as concerns early childhood education, Jamaican parents must not only know and understand what is being done for and with their children but must also be active contributors to their educational development. It is further stressed that disadvantaged parents need special training and help if…

Grant, D. R. B.

287

Neuroscience, Play and Early Childhood Education: Connections, Implications and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paralleling the works of Cambourne's Conditions of Literacy Learning ("The Reading Teacher, 54"(4), 414-429, 2001), Copple and Bredekamp's ("Developmentally appropriate practice in early childhood programs serving children from birth though age." National Association for the Education of Young Children, Washington, 2009) Developmentally…

Rushton, Stephen; Juola-Rushton, Anne; Larkin, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

288

Teaching children with ADHD: Icelandic early childhood teachers' perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medication for the treatment of Attention Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has increased tremendously in Iceland during the last decade and the country has now the highest prescription rates for methylphenidate in the world. This study examines Icelandic early childhood teachers’ experiences and perspectives of children with behavioural problems and ADHD?associated behaviour as well as the support and conditions they feel these

Johanna Einarsdottir

2008-01-01

289

Single Mothers' Religious Participation and Early Childhood Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data on 1,134 single mothers from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this study examined trajectories of religious participation among single mothers and whether these trajectories were associated with early childhood behavior. The results suggested that single mothers experienced diverse patterns of religious participation…

Petts, Richard J.

2012-01-01

290

Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous works on educators who built the field of early childhood education do not provide the researcher with primary and secondary sources or information on multicultural educators, nor do they discuss some of the more current leading educators. This reference book provides biographies and bibliographies of selected pre-modern and modern men…

Peltzman, Barbara Ruth

291

Music Experience in Early Childhood: Potential for Emotion Knowledge?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most cultures carry an idea of music being connected to emotion. New research suggests that we may also acquire emotion knowledge from our music experiences. This article investigates music experience as a mediating tool for emotion knowledge in early childhood, as revealed through qualitative interviews of adults. The interviewees describe music…

Vist, Torill

2011-01-01

292

Preludes to Writing in Early Childhood. Spotlight: Language Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that 3- to 6-year-olds are capable of types of thinking previously thought possible only by older children and that they readily understand content organized into stories. Offers suggestions for providing a storytelling foundation in Montessori early childhood classrooms, including a "random words" challenge and use of abstract paintings…

Ohlhaver, Dorothy

2001-01-01

293

An Alternative Undergraduate Teacher Preparation Program in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The realities of a multi-racial, multi-ethnic, and multi-ability student population demand a unique and nontraditional approach characterized by an individualization sensitive to group identity. The primary goal of this alternative Early Childhood Studies/Education Program with a degree of Bachelor of Science is to provide a comprehensive…

Xu, Yaoying; Gelfer, Jeffrey; Filler, John

2003-01-01

294

The Early Childhood Mentoring Curriculum: A Handbook for Mentors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mentoring programs offer new teachers and providers a practical and supportive way to learn and grow on the job. For experienced teachers and providers, mentoring programs create an opportunity to remain in the field and advance in their profession. This guide is one part of the Early Childhood Mentoring Curriculum designed by the National Center…

Bellm, Dan; And Others

295

Early Childhood Education and Care: An Issue for All Canadians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguing that quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) contributes to meeting goals that strengthen Canadians and Canadian society, this paper discusses the support found for ECEC within the nation; maintains that ECEC is a broad issue that bridges socioeconomic, ethnic, and regional divisions; and addresses the main problems and issues in…

Friendly, Martha

296

Early Childhood Stunting and Later Fine Motor Abilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of early childhood stunting (height for age 2SD or more below reference values) and interventions on fine motor abilities at 11 to 12 years, and the relationship between fine motor abilities and school achievement and intelligence. Method: A cohort of stunted children who had participated in…

Chang, Susan M.; Walker, Susan P.; Grantham-McGregor, Sally; Powell, Christine A.

2010-01-01

297

The Construction Site Project: Transforming Early Childhood Teacher Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The work of Malaguzzi (in Edwards, Gandini, & Forman, 1998; Fraser, 2006) has made the fundamentals of the preschools of Reggio Emilia familiar to many early childhood educators. The article describes an authentic project that enhanced undergraduate and postgraduate participants' understanding of the impact of collaboration, conversation, and…

McNaughton, Kathryn; Krentz, Caroline

2007-01-01

298

Creating Relational Spaces: Everyday Spirituality in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research addressed the question of how the spiritual experience of young children might be supported in early childhood educational settings. Qualitative case study research took place in three different contexts: a Montessori casa, a Rudolf Steiner kindergarten and a private preschool. Children aged 2 1/2-6 years, their parents and teachers…

Bone, Jane

2008-01-01

299

Teachers' and Students' Cognitive Styles in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive style identifies the ways individuals react to different situations. Cognitive styles include stable attitudes, preferences, or habitual strategies that distinguish the individual styles of perceiving, remembering, thinking, and solving problems. Intended for researchers, psychologists, child development specialists, and early childhood

Saracho, Olivia Natividad

300

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Norway 2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) can bring a wide range of benefits--for children, parents and society at large. However, these benefits are conditional on "quality". Expanding access to services without attention to quality will not deliver good outcomes for children or long-term productivity benefits for society. This series of country…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2013-01-01

301

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Japan 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) can bring a wide range of benefits--for children, parents and society at large. However, these benefits are conditional on "quality". Expanding access to services without attention to quality will not deliver good outcomes for children or long-term productivity benefits for society. This series of country…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2012-01-01

302

Framework for Action on Values Education in Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In November, 2000, several international early childhood organizations and UNESCO met to develop a joint framework for action to reinforce awareness of the need for a flexible, creative, communicative, and supportive learning environment; the impact of a value-based child-friendly learning environment; the importance of surrounding children with…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Early Childhood and Family Education Unit.

303

Early Childhood Dental Caries. Building Community Systems for Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a series of reports designed to support the implementation of Proposition 10: The California Children and Families Act and to provide comprehensive and authoritative information on critical issues concerning young children and families in California, this report describes the scope and severity of early childhood caries (ECC), a…

Platt, Laurence J.; Cabezas, Maritza C.

304

Early Parental Adjustment and Bereavement After Childhood Cancer Death  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study comprehensively explored parental bereavement and adjustment at 6 months post-loss due to childhood cancer. Interviews were conducted with 18 mothers and 13 fathers. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed based on qualitative methodology. A model describing early parental bereavement and adaptation emerged with 3 domains: Perception of the Child, describing bereavement and adjustment prior to and after the

Maru Barrera; Kathleen OConnor; Norma Mammone DAgostino; Lynlee Spencer; David Nicholas; Vesna Jovcevska; Susan Tallet; Gerald Schneiderman

2009-01-01

305

The Role of Emotion in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion explores some of the emotional factors affecting teachers and children in the educational process and their relationship to early childhood education. One major area of emotional experience in the classroom is related to the child's response to the content of what is being taught. Any novel situation and, in particular, a situation…

Fogel, Alan

306

Demographic Swings and Early Childhood Education in Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years Iran has greatly expanded its early childhood education program, taking first place in the Middle East in preschool enrolment. In this paper we examine the reasons for the unusual expansion and argue that it is in large part an institutional response to demographic changes in Iran, notably the sharp fertility decline of the 1990s. Fertility declined from

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani; Hania Kamel

2006-01-01

307

Child Care Provider Training Helping Early Childhood Educators  

E-print Network

to child care. Children who receive high-quality care develop better language, math, and social skillsChild Care Provider Training Helping Early Childhood Educators Provide Quality Care for Today of child care on a regular basis from persons other than their parents (Child Care Aware, 2012). The Texas

308

The Role of Media and Emerging Representation in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In these times when educational standards, assessment, and evaluation of core subjects seem to dominate the public school agenda including early childhood, the challenge for educators to provide essential art experiences for children is daunting. Examinations of the greater educational value of art media can reveal some answers. Knowing how…

Swann, Annette

2005-01-01

309

The Art of Leadership: Managing Early Childhood Organizations. Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of two volumes intended for directors of early childhood organizations, this volume compiles selected articles for center directors from the first 20 years of the journal "Child Care Information Exchange." The articles cover leadership, organizational management, and financial management. The articles are grouped into "chapters" as…

Neugebauer, Bonnie, Ed.; Neugebauer, Roger, Ed.

310

Using Technology in Early Childhood Environments to Strengthen Cultural Connections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article will discuss the use of technology with young children to strengthen cultural connections. A brief discussion of the use of technology in the field of Early Childhood Education and a brief discussion of diversity and cultural issues is followed by specific ways in which technology can be utilized to help young children understand…

Meadows, Mikki

2004-01-01

311

Early Childhood Education in New Zealand: The Quiet Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines a quiet revolution in early childhood care and education in New Zealand. In 1986, child care services were transferred from the Department of Social Welfare to the Department of Education. A working group then reviewed provisions and made recommendations. In January, 1989, an implementation unit was established in the…

Burns, Valerie

312

Early Childhood Professionals' Recommendations for Spanking Young Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study describes what professionals involved in the care of young children recommend with regard to spanking and other disciplinary techniques. Relationships between corporal punishment and multiple negative child outcomes are detailed, with emphasis on physical child abuse. Ninety-eight participants, including medical professionals, residents, mental health professionals, child development specialists, and early childhood service coordinators, were asked to report

Michele Knox; Jason Brouwer

2008-01-01

313

TELEVISION IN INFANCY AND EARLY CHILDHOOD—USES & EFFECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of television and other media—such as video, computer programs, and CD material—in infancy and early childhood can have both positive and negative influences on the intellectual and social development of young viewers. Viewing carefully designed programs for preschool age children, such as Sesame Street and Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, can have positive effects on social skills and academic preparation

John P. Murray; Ann D. Murray

314

Early-onset childhood sarcoidosis: A case report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology and it most commonly affects young adults. Childhood sarcoidosis is relatively rare; older children usually present a picture similar to that of adults, with frequent hilar lymphadenopathy and pulmonary infiltration. Early-onset (

Lai-San Wong; Ji-Chen Ho; Yu-Ta Yen

315

International Early Childhood Resources from Educational Research Abstracts (ERA) Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography provides abstracts for 17 resources relating to early childhood around the world. Each annotation contains: title; author name(s); source (name of journal in which the resource was published); ISSN of the journal in which the resource was published; and issue (journal citation information for the resource within the…

International Journal of Early Years Education, 2011

2011-01-01

316

The Early Childhood Education of Disadvantaged Children in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2010, the Chinese government has adopted a series of services and policies to provide early childhood education for disadvantaged children. The rapid economic development and urbanisation process since the mid-1980s have led to great changes in social structure and demographics in China. This creates new challenges for the education of…

Song, Zhanmei; Zhu, Jiaxiong; Xia, Zhuyun; Wu, Xin

2014-01-01

317

Children's School January 2014 Early Childhood Practicum Students, continued ...  

E-print Network

Children's School January 2014 Early Childhood Practicum Students, continued ... Young Kyoung Lee, and general reasoning ability. In the Hearts and Flowers Game, they are measuring children's cognitive control and their ability to inhibit a behavioral response. In this computer game, children are presented with a series

318

Writing in Early Childhood Classrooms: Guidance for Best Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing is a critical emergent literacy skill that lays the foundation for children's later literacy skills and reading achievement. Recent work indicates that many early childhood programs offer children materials and tools for engaging in writing activities but teachers rarely are seen modeling writing for children or scaffolding children's…

Gerde, Hope K.; Bingham, Gary E.; Wasik, Barbara A.

2012-01-01

319

We All Belong: Making Early Childhood Programs More Culturally Sensitive.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a sampling of culturally sensitive educational practices in early childhood education programs. Includes suggestions for classroom decor, educational materials, and the following classroom learning centers: dramatic play and prop boxes, blocks and construction, science and cooking, creative art, music and movement, and library. Asserts…

Sutherby, Linda; Sauve, Brenda

2003-01-01

320

A Review of Outcome Measures in Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors undertook a review of measures available for assessing outcomes of early childhood services for children with disabilities and their families. With principles of family-centered practice mandating the inclusion of both family and child outcome measures in effective evaluation plans, the review examined measures with established…

Mannan, Hasheem; Summers, Jean Ann; Turnbull, Ann P.; Poston, Denise J.

2006-01-01

321

Communicating and Thinking through Drawing Activity in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers drawing as a meaning-making activity that takes place in certain sociocultural contexts to find evidence for its communicative potentials as well as the relationship between thought and drawing in early childhood. The researcher challenges traditional views about young children's drawing that focus on the result of the…

Papandreou, Maria

2014-01-01

322

Worms, Shadows and Whirlpools: Science in the Early Childhood Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young children develop science knowledge as they observe and act on the world, asking questions, making predictions, testing those predictions, and reflecting on their experiences. This book offers guidance in integrating inquiry-based science into the early childhood curriculum, focusing on content and providing examples of the work of children…

Worth, Karen; Grollman, Sharon

323

EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION: ECONOMIC IMPACTS IN DANE COUNTY  

E-print Network

,244 jobs in other Dane County sectors, along with $91 million in labor income and $154 million in total in the labor force, and adding to business productivity, · Human capital investment in early childhood 3,474 persons, paid more than $63 million in wages and salaries and purchased about $57 million

Radeloff, Volker C.

324

Developmental Needs and Early Childhood Education: Evolutionary, My Dear Watson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining the processes of natural selection, described by Darwin in "The Origin of Species", casts light on our own species' fundamental needs and on the far greater role that early childhood educators can play in their fulfillment. The second section of this paper analyzes how our fundamental needs emerge in a sequence underpinned by the…

Henry, Margaret

2004-01-01

325

Annual Editions: Early Childhood Education 06/07  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 27th edition of "Annual Editions: Early Childhood Education" provides convenient, inexpensive access to current articles selected from the best of the public press. Organizational features include: an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites; an annotated table of contents; a topic guide; a general introduction; brief overviews for…

Paciorek, Karen Menke, Ed.

2006-01-01

326

Childhood Maltreatment Increases Risk for Personality Disorders During Early Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Data from a community-based longitu- dinal study were used to investigate whether childhood abuse and neglect increases risk for personality disor- ders (PDs) during early adulthood. Methods: Psychosocial and psychiatric interviews were administered to a representative community sample of 639 youths and their mothers from 2 counties in the state of New York in 1975, 1983, 1985 to 1986,

Jeffrey G. Johnson; Patricia Cohen; Jocelyn Brown; Elizabeth M. Smailes; David P. Bernstein

1999-01-01

327

Interagency Council on Early Childhood Intervention. Sunset Staff Report, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains recommendations from the Sunset Advisory Commission for the Interagency Council on Early Childhood Intervention (ECI) in Austin, Texas. The Commission review of ECI focused on maximizing the resources of the existing service delivery system to improve the quality of services and to provide services to more children and their…

Hawkins, John; Dorr, Barbra; Hamid, K. A.; Morris, Robert; Ninaud, Christian; Hunley, Barbara; Kinney, Susan

328

Establishing and Maintaining an Early Childhood Emergent Literacy Technology Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The three-year Early Childhood Emergent Literacy Technology Curriculum (ELiTeC) study (E2) was designed to replicate, on a broad scale, the results of earlier research in which a curriculum model was developed, implemented, and studied in preschool classrooms for children with disabilities or those at risk. ELiTeC was based on the assumptions that…

Hutinger, Patricia L.; Bell, Carol; Daytner, Gary; Johanson, Joyce

2006-01-01

329

Professional Development Needs and Interests of Early Childhood Education Trainers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An online survey of early childhood education (ECE) trainers was conducted to assess their professional development needs and determine any differences between new and experienced trainers. Trainers identified teaching techniques and resources commonly used. The survey information is guiding the development of ECE trainer criteria in a…

Byington, Teresa A.; Tannock, Michelle T.

2011-01-01

330

The Emotionally Intelligent Early Childhood Educator: Self-Reflective Journaling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A current interest in education is the growing awareness that the development of social and emotional skills in children is critical for the foundation of academic knowledge in the classroom. The early childhood educator is in a position to be a powerful nurturer of the social emotional development in young children. It is important, therefore, to…

Kremenitzer, Janet Pickard

2005-01-01

331

Linking Brain Principles to High-Quality Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many educators are already knowledgeable about and skilled in best practices. And much of what is happening in developmentally appropriate programs exemplifies "brain compatible" practices. Being educated in the connections between best practices and brain compatibility is an important part of the knowledge base of early childhood educators. Just…

Rushton, Stephen; Juola-Rushton, Anne

2011-01-01

332

Career Perspectives of Male Students in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While, in some professions, the gender balance seems to be changing in the direction of equality, the participation of males in early childhood education has not expanded because of stereotypical perceptions of this occupation, low salaries and status, and fear of being accused of sexual abuse. Males may make important contributions to the field…

Anliak, Sakire; Beyazkurk, Derya Sahin

2008-01-01

333

Preparing Culturally Competent Early Childhood Teachers. FPG Snapshot. # 37  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood classrooms are far from homogeneous. Today, 43 percent of children in the United States under age five are of a race or ethnicity other than White. While the demographic characteristics of young children have become more diverse, their teachers have not. The vast majority of teachers (68 percent) are White as is 80 percent of…

FPG Child Development Institute, 2007

2007-01-01

334

Minnesota Early Childhood Indicators of Progress: A Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stressing the importance of collective efforts among families, early childhood care and education programs, communities, and policymakers in supporting the learning and development of children, this resource guide provides a framework for understanding and communicating a common set of developmentally appropriate expectations for young children…

2000

335

Australian Research in Early Childhood Education. Volume 1, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal consists of selected refereed papers from the third Annual Conference of the Australian Research in Early Childhood Education (1995). Contained in the publication are the following articles: (1) "Longitudinal Studies--Are They Worth It?" (Judith Cowley); (2) "Scripts for Learning: Reflecting Dynamics of Classroom Life" (Joy Cullen,…

Fleer, Marilyn, Ed.

1996-01-01

336

Factors influencing digital technology use in early childhood education  

E-print Network

to revolutionize the education system. From the introduction of educational television to the large-scale federal EFactors influencing digital technology use in early childhood education Courtney K. Blackwell Available online 1 May 2014 Keywords: Technology Teacher cognition Teacher education/development Path

Shahriar, Selim

337

Guide to Non-Sexist Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide describes the development of a nonsexist early childhood curriculum designed to make teachers and parents more aware of the sexism existing in society and reflected in our schools. The guide is divided into six chapters: Chapter 1 presents a brief history of the Non-Sexist Child Development Project; Chapter 2 examines some of the basic…

Sprung, Barbara

338

Reform of Early Childhood Education in Shenzhen: A Legal Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The systemic reform of early childhood education (ECE) in Shenzhen has given rise to widespread debate as it has, in fact, changed ECE's rights and power relationships. It has created an impact in terms of ECE's public nature and, in a way, affected the integrity of China's education system. Although this reform possesses positive significance,…

Guolin, Zhang

2008-01-01

339

Children's Systematic Use of Private Speech in Early Childhood Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined children's use of private speech in early childhood classrooms. The study's three goals were: to determine the degree to which private speech is used; to replicate and extend previous research with older children; and to examine the classroom's particular contexts and activity settings which maximize children's use of private…

Winsler, Adam; Carlton, Martha P.; Barry, Maryann J.

340

Teaching Parents How to Facilitate Social Development during Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social competency gained in early childhood influences numerous domains of a child's life throughout the lifespan. Since the preschool years are a time when children begin forming friendships with peers and may be exposed to a classroom setting for the first time, developing social competency is imperative for functioning well with the many people…

Progar, Michelle

2011-01-01

341

The Incoherence of Curriculum: Questions Concerning Early Childhood Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines curriculum debates, particularly those that influence an understanding of the nature and purpose of curriculum, in providing teacher education and in influencing teaching practice. The work of Martin Heidegger provides a framework for questioning the early childhood teacher education curriculum. Central to this analysis are…

Gibbons, Andrew N.

2011-01-01

342

Early Childhood Consumer Education. Consumer Education Materials Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help parents and early childhood educators understand and take educational advantage of the child's developing consumer knowledge and attitudes, this publication, one of a series of six, was prepared by the Educational Division of Consumers Union for the Consumer Education Materials Project (CEMP). An introductory chapter explains the…

Baecher, Charlotte; And Others

343

Being Maori: Culturally Relevant Assessment in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concern has been raised about the under-achievement of Maori children in education. The problem has tended to be located with Maori children rather than with assessments. Clearly if one takes a sociocultural perspective achievement is situated. Although studies in early childhood education have examined and developed assessment tools and…

Rameka, Lesley Kay

2011-01-01

344

Playing the Assessment Game: An English Early Childhood Education Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessment and the documentation of learning is an international issue in early childhood education (ECE) and has increasingly become a way for governments to exercise direct control over the practitioners working with young children. This paper details recent statutory guidance about assessment and documentation for English ECE settings and…

Basford, Jo; Bath, Caroline

2014-01-01

345

Urban Early Childhood Teachers' Attitudes towards Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between urban early childhood teachers' attitudes towards inclusive education and personal characteristics, professional background, and programme context. Questionnaires were completed by teachers (n = 130) who taught preschool children in primarily low-income, urban neighbourhoods. Attitude ratings were…

Hsieh, Wu-Ying; Hsieh, Chang-Ming

2012-01-01

346

The Use of Personal Data Assistants in Early Childhood Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four early childhood education teachers, two veteran and two newer teachers, were asked to pilot the use of handheld Personal Data Assistants loaded with Childchart assessment software. The participants were observed in their use of the electronic devices for monitoring student performance and interviewed regarding the use of the devices and their…

Ledoux, Michael W.; Yoder, Noreen N.; Hanes, Barbara

2010-01-01

347

Investing in Kids: Early Childhood Programs and Local Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood programs, if designed correctly, pay big economic dividends down the road because they increase the skills of their participants. And since many of those participants will remain in the same state or local area as adults, the local economy benefits: more persons with better skills attract business, which provides more and better…

Bartik, Timothy J.

2011-01-01

348

Beyond Quality in Early Childhood Education and Care: Postmodern Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working with postmodern ideas, this book questions the search to define and measure quality in the early childhood field and its tendency to reduce philosophical issues of value to purely technical and managerial issues of expert knowledge and measurement. The book argues that there are ways other than the "discourse of quality" for understanding…

Dahlberg, Gunilla; Moss, Peter; Pence, Alan

349

Diagnostic Transitions from Childhood to Adolescence to Early Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Quantifying diagnostic transitions across development is needed to estimate the long-term burden of mental illness. This study estimated patterns of diagnostic transitions from childhood to adolescence and from adolescence to early adulthood. Methods: Patterns of diagnostic transitions were estimated using data from three prospective,…

Copeland, William E.; Adair, Carol E.; Smetanin, Paul; Stiff, David; Briante, Carla; Colman, Ian; Fergusson, David; Horwood, John; Poulton, Richie; Costello, E. Jane; Angold, Adrian

2013-01-01

350

Early Childhood Education: Curriculum Organization and Classroom Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to accompany four filmstrips, this manual was developed to help early childhood educators--including curriculum specialists, administrators, teachers, and university faculty--implement a developmental program for young children. Filmstrip 1 introduces six components of curriculum organization and classroom mangement underlying a…

Day, Barbara; Drake, Kay

351

Working on the Impossible: Early Childhood Policies in Namibia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the complexities of aid-giving using the example of early childhood policies in Namibia. It supports a critical view of aid processes and of World Bank endeavours in particular. Using an analysis of the World Bank funded education sector-wide improvement plan (ETSIP) in Namibia and three Namibian local case studies, it shows…

Penn, Helen

2008-01-01

352

Individual Differences in Sibling Teaching in Early and Middle Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Sibling teaching and learning behaviors were investigated in 2 studies of children in early and middle childhood. Study 1 addressed individual differences in teaching/learning and associations with dyadic age, age gap, gender, birth order, and relationship quality in 71 middle-class dyads (firstborns M age = 81.54 months;…

Howe, Nina; Recchia, Holly

2009-01-01

353

A Content Analysis of Research in Blindness and Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates trends in the number, types, topics, and sources of research articles published on blindness and early childhood development, 1980-1991. Most articles utilized descriptive methodology, covered a range of topics, were not databased, and were published in medical journals or Dissertation Abstracts International. (SM)

Correa, Vivian I.; Beverly, Cheryl L.

1990-01-01

354

Singaporean Early Childhood Teachers' Responses to Myths about Child Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior to attending seminars on child abuse and domestic violence, 86 kindergarten and 64 special education (early childhood) teachers completed a questionnaire seeking views relating to the accuracy of statements relating to all forms of child abuse. This was designed to identify the accuracy of teachers' knowledge of child abuse and neglect…

Briggs, Freda; Potter, Gillian K.

2004-01-01

355

Illinois Early Childhood Training/Technical Assistance Matrix.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This matrix provides information on early childhood training and technical assistance services in Illinois. Parts of the document are presented in grid form so that information can be compared across programs. First, information is provided on the following training and technical assistance providers: Child Care Resource & Referral (CCR&R/Illinois…

Illinois State Dept. of Human Services, East St. Louis. Head Start State Collaboration Office.

356

Home-School Communication in the Early Childhood Development Phase  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the practices of home-school communication in the Early Childhood Development (ECD) phase in South Africa. The aims of this qualitative investigation were to determine the nature and effectiveness of home-school communication practices and to make recommendations on how communication can be improved to facilitate better…

Bridgemohan, Radhike; van Wyk, Noleen; van Staden, Christie

2005-01-01

357

101 Ways To Build Enrollment in Your Early Childhood Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for administrators of early childhood program centers, this book offers tips on how to increase enrollment. The book offers suggestions rather than a theoretical overview or a comprehensive marketing strategy. Suggestions offered include: (1) Offer a quality program; (2) be aware of your target market; (3) make your program unique; (4)…

Montanari, Ellen Orton

358

Conservation Seeds Activities Book. An Early Childhood Conservation Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activities book is used with an early childhood conservation education program. The activities are presented in four color-coded sections, each section representing one of the four seasons. Each activity includes a statement of purpose, list of materials needed, instructional strategies, and a list of supplementary activities. In addition to…

Griffin, Sherri

359

Sex Differences in Help-Seeking Appear in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested the hypothesis that sex differences in help-seeking, which have been obtained consistently with adults and adolescents, would appear in early childhood. To this end, 32 girls and 32 boys aged 3 and 6 years from lower and upper-middle socio-economic class schools were asked to perform four tasks (drawing an animal, building a…

Benenson, Joyce F.; Koulnazarian, Manouchak

2008-01-01

360

Kansas Early Childhood Research Institute on Transitions: Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This executive summary reviews activities over the past 5 years of the Kansas Early Childhood Research Institute (KECRI). The Institute has addressed transition issues faced by infants and young children (and their families) who have a disability or are at risk for developmental delay. KECRI goals are stated and the importance and impact of the…

Rice, Mabel L.; O'Brien, Marion

361

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Slovak Republic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) is a topic of increased policy interest in the Slovak Republic where improving quality in the ECEC sector is a subject of growing importance. The OECD has identified five effective policy levers to encourage quality in the sector: 1) quality goals and regulations; 2) curriculum and guidelines; 3)…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2012-01-01

362

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) has become a policy priority in many countries. A growing body of research recognises that it provides a wide range of benefits, including social and economic benefits, better child well-being and learning outcomes as a foundation for lifelong learning, more equitable outcomes and reduction of poverty, and…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2012-01-01

363

Bicultural Development within an Early Childhood Teacher Education Programme.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined processes implemented within an early childhood teacher education program at the University of Waikato in Hamilton, New Zealand, that aimed to recognize the Treaty of Waitangi obligation to protect the Maori people. Describes key features of the bicultural development restorative process related to lecturers' aspirations, pedagogical…

Ritchie, Jenny

2003-01-01

364

Participatory Learning Theories: A Framework for Early Childhood Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper continues scholarly conversations about appropriate theories of development to underpin early childhood pedagogy. It focuses on sociocultural theoretical perspectives and proposes that participatory learning theories (PLTs) underpin pedagogy built on principles specified in three curricular documents. Further, the paper argues that the…

Hedges, Helen; Cullen, Joy

2012-01-01

365

Supporting High-quality Early Childhood Education Services throught ICTs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays early childhood schools are places where kids are not only taken care of but also where carefully planned educational activities (based on pedagogical frameworks) are carried out. In such centers, practitioners observe, analyze and assess children's progress on a daily basis. Using this data, they plan new stimulating activities for the kids taken into account their personal traits and

Ruben Míguez Pérez; Juan M. Santos; Luis E. Anido-Rifón

2010-01-01

366

The Effects of Scarcity and Abundance in Early Childhood Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects of scarcity and abundance as they might apply to quality in early childhood programs. Maintains that scarcity limits good teaching and suggests that well-stocked supply areas will reduce hoarding. Argues that having adequate supplies on hand reduces wasted time and stress, and enhances workplace quality of life. (KB)

Packer, Sara

2000-01-01

367

The Advocacy of Educators: Perspectives from Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates early childhood educators' perceptions of advocacy in raising the professional status with multiple stakeholders in diverse contexts. The article reports on findings from a phenomenological study investigating the perceptions of 12 educators working full time in long-day-care settings across Sydney, New South Wales (NSW),…

Mevawalla, Zinnia; Hadley, Fay

2012-01-01

368

A Finnish Viewpoint on Professionalism in Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses professionalism in early childhood education through the analytical tool of a research-based multi-level perspective that sees this as a cultural, communal, organisational, and individual phenomenon. Starting from an understanding of professionalism derived from a model of professional expertise, the article discusses the…

Karila, Kirsti

2008-01-01

369

Alignment: A Missing Link in Early Childhood Transitions?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout the course of life, all adults make transitions, so do young children. Because young children are more vulnerable in general and they have experienced far fewer transitions than adults, they often experience greater challenges. As a result, the field of early childhood education has historically expended much effort in understanding and…

Kagan, Sharon L.; Carroll, Jude; Comer, James P.; Scott-Little, Catherine

2006-01-01

370

The Role of Language in Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the role of language in early childhood education. The concept of Chomsky's generative grammar is explained briefly and the linguistic approaches of Piaget, Vygotsky and Whorf are compared with regard to the relations between cognitive structures and inner linguistic structures. An enigmatic discussion of language acquisition…

Radeloff, Deanna J.

371

Focus on the Kindergarten. Early Childhood Education Series 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First in a series of publications prepared by the Washington Elementary District No. 6, Arizona, this early childhood bulletin was designed to familiarize parents (with children about to enter kindergarten) with program requirements, activities, and curriculum. Brief information is included on how parents can prepare their children physically and…

Wright, Wynn D.

372

Understanding Families: Applying Family Systems Theory to Early Childhood Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working with families is one of the most important aspects of being an early childhood professional, yet it is an area in which many educators have received little preparation (Nieto 2004). Teachers spend hours learning about child development, developmentally appropriate practices, health and safety, playgrounds, and play. At times it seems that…

Christian, Linda Garris

2006-01-01

373

Master of Arts in Education Concentration: Early Childhood Education  

E-print Network

Master of Arts in Education Concentration: Early Childhood Education Program of Study (33 credits) Effective May 2008 This program is intended for practicing teachers who have met SC Dept of Education requirements for certification in elementary education. Core (12 credits of required study) EDFD 602: Learning

374

Master of Arts in Education Concentration: Early Childhood Education  

E-print Network

Master of Arts in Education Concentration: Early Childhood Education Program of Study (33 credits) Effective August 2012 This program is intended for practicing teachers who have met SC Dept of Education requirements for certification in elementary education. Core (12 credits of required study) EDFD 602: Learning

375

Sustained Attention and Age Predict Inhibitory Control during Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Executive functioning skills develop rapidly during early childhood. Recent research has focused on specifying this development, particularly predictors of executive functioning skills. Here we focus on sustained attention as a predictor of inhibitory control, one key executive functioning component. Although sustained attention and inhibitory…

Reck, Sarah G.; Hund, Alycia M.

2011-01-01

376

Implementing and Maintaining an Effective Early Childhood Comprehensive Technology System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Early Childhood Comprehensive Technology System (ECCTS) was a 3-year collaborative project designed to implement and maintain a comprehensive technology system through on-going training, follow-up and technical support for teachers, team-based technology assessment for children with moderate to severe disabilities, technology integration into…

Hutinger, Patricia L.; Johanson, Joyce

2000-01-01

377

What Early Childhood Educators Need to Know About Divorced Fathers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early childhood professionals can play an important role in helping divorced fathers to be more involved in the lives of their children. They can include involving fathers in all school and classroom activities from parent conferences to class celebrations. Educators can also serve as child care consultants to help fathers become better caretakers. By taking these measures, teachers will not

Barry B. Frieman

1998-01-01

378

Developmental needs and early childhood education: evolutionary, my dear Watson  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examining the processes of natural selection, described by Darwin in The Origin of Species, casts light on our own species’ fundamental needs and on the far greater role that early childhood educators can play in their fulfillment. The second section of this paper analyzes how our fundamental needs emerge in a sequence underpinned by the processes of natural selection (goodness?of?fit,

Margaret Henry

2004-01-01

379

A Flexible School for Early Childhood Education in Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design of this flexible school for early childhood education in Milan, Italy, takes into account children’s development and the different ways they experience space according to their age. The facilities will include not only a nursery school and kindergarten, but also a drop-in day-care centre, a play centre and outdoor areas to develop the senses.

Giorgio Ponti

2008-01-01

380

Early childhood education: Everyone's challenge for the 21st century  

Microsoft Academic Search

By the 21st century the need for early childhood education will increase due to societal and family changes. The types of programs offered will be fewer but with more flexibility and collaboration. The goal will always remain the same, namely to prepare preschoolers for their formal education. The ideal curriculum should have a developmentally appropriate, hands?on, multisensory approach to learning

Marianne B. Power

1993-01-01

381

Early Childhood Discipline: A Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this literature review concerning early childhood discipline we particularly highlight American children's discipline with respect to historical perspectives, generational theories, gender issues, parental styles, methods of discipline, and corporal punishment. We also address corporal punishment's history, the debate among experts, beliefs and practices among parents, the controversy in public schools, religious influences, and a conflation of the issues.

MICHAEL W. FIRMIN; SALLY L. CASTLE

2008-01-01

382

Competent Children: Influences of Early Childhood Experiences. Pilot Study Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot study was undertaken in preparation for a longitudinal study of the influences of early childhood experiences on children's competence. The pilot study was designed to try out the interviews, observations, and other record-keeping procedures to be used in the main study. The pilot study sample consisted of 19 families with a child 4-to-5…

Hendricks, Anne; And Others

383

Early Childhood Curriculum and the Definition of Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper delineates conceptions of early childhood programs from the 18th through the 20th centuries, and reveals how the programs changed as the concept of what constitutes knowledge changed. Discussion begins with reading instruction and hornbooks in Colonial America, and national language learning in the knitting school of Jean Frederick…

Spodek, Bernard

384

Early Childhood Selected Bibliographies Series. Number 4, Cognition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the fourth in a series of six annotated bibliographies relevant to early childhood education. Its general subject is cognition, and i t includes seven subdivisions: intelligence, higher mental processes, cognitive style, experimental studies of learning, concept development, perception and recognition, and motivation. Each of the…

Illinois Univ., Urbana, National Lab. on Early Childhood Education.

385

Flame Retardant Exposures in California Early Childhood Education Environments  

EPA Science Inventory

Infants and young children spend as much as 50 hours per week in child care and preschool centers. Although approximately 13 million children, or 65% of all U.S. children, spend a portion of each day in early childhood education (ECE) facilities, little information is available a...

386

Male Teachers in Early Childhood Education: Self & Social Perceptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that men make up only a small percentage of early childhood and day care educators, a study was conducted to assess male teachers' points of view and attitudes. The self- and social-perceptions of 5 male preschool teachers between the ages of 22 and 50 were determined through ethnographic interviews. It was found that, as a group, the male…

Shaham, Dan

387

Play, Learning and the Early Childhood Curriculum. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much has happened since the first edition of this book in the arenas of policy development, research and practice. Early childhood education is at the heart of policy-making agendas in England and many other developed and developing countries. Concerns with the quality of provision have sparked a massive international research endeavour, which is…

Wood, Elizabeth; Attfield, Jane

2005-01-01

388

On Purpose: Addressing Teasing and Bullying in Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the incidence of teasing/bullying in early childhood classrooms and how teachers' responses help determine the extent of teasing/bullying. Presents tips for addressing this behavior before it becomes ingrained, including talking about teasing/bullying, making classroom rules, offering noncompetitive games and quieting activities,…

Froschl, Merle; Sprung, Barbara

1999-01-01

389

Early Childhood Dental Caries: A Rising Dental Public Health Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to examine the literature and review the risk factors and disparities contributing to early childhood caries (ECC), which is a major health problem among preschoolers in the United States of America. A search was conducted using MEDLINE, PubMed, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library databases and the key terms…

Gomez, Grace Felix

2013-01-01

390

Relational Aggression in Sibling and Peer Relationships during Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of siblings ("N" = 50) in the display of physical and relational aggression among peers during early childhood was explored. Specifically, sibling pairs' rates of physical and relational aggression were assessed in their independent social contexts. Findings indicated low to moderate levels of intercorrelation between physical and…

Ostrov, Jamie M.; Crick, Nicki R.; Stauffacher, Kirstin

2006-01-01

391

Early Childhood Discipline: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this literature review concerning early childhood discipline we particularly highlight American children's discipline with respect to historical perspectives, generational theories, gender issues, parental styles, methods of discipline, and corporal punishment. We also address corporal punishment's history, the debate among experts, beliefs and…

Firmin, Michael W.; Castle, Sally L.

2008-01-01

392

Early Childhood Special Educators and the Hospital Ethics Committee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper discusses issues of concern to early childhood special educators serving on hospital ethics committees to assist families with seriously ill and handicapped infants in neonatal intensive care units. Issues include infant euthanasia and the right to life, child abuse legislation, and possible effects on families. (Author/JDD)

Lowenthal, Barbara

1989-01-01

393

Early Childhood Education as a Resilience Intervention for Maltreated Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The profound injuries caused by child maltreatment are well documented in the neurological, attachment, cognitive, and developmental literature. In this review paper, we explore the potential of early childhood education (ECE) as a community-based resilience intervention for mitigating the impacts of child abuse and neglect and supporting families…

Ellenbogen, Stephen; Klein, Benjamin; Wekerle, Christine

2014-01-01

394

Early Childhood Educational Software: Specific Features and Issues of Localization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The computer has now become a recognized tool in the education of young children and when used appropriately can reinforce their learning experiences. This paper reviews specific features (relating to pedagogic design, software content and user-interface design) of early childhood educational software and discusses issues in favor of its…

Nikolopoulou, Kleopatra

2007-01-01

395

Striking a Balance: Families, Work, and Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the connections between work, families, and early childhood education, and analyzes international trends and perspectives on parental leave. Chapter 1, "Introduction," shows that the increase in paid work by mothers makes families, work, and education important research and policy issues, and surveys reasons for this increase.…

Callister, Paul; And Others

396

Routines and Transitions: A Guide for Early Childhood Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In early childhood settings, children spend over 50 percent of their time on handwashing, dressing, napping, and other routines and transitions. "Routines and Transitions" is a guide to help turn these routine daily activities into learning experiences. By using transitions wisely, providers not only help children develop skills, but also run a…

Malenfont, Nicole

2006-01-01

397

Reading Aloud: Constructing Literacy in an Early Childhood Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Imagine an active happily engaged, communicative, curious group of four-year-old children investigating and discovering as they play together in an early childhood classroom. Imagine yet again, the teacher beckoning them to gather on the rug to listen to a story. What happens next? Are the children allowed to continue in this curiosity-seeking,…

Loysen, Jeanne Reeners

2010-01-01

398

How Aligned Are We? Assessment Procedures and Practices between Early Childhood and Early Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early intervention and early childhood share a unique space in our early years education in Aotearoa/New Zealand. The assessment practices of the two are distinctively different and specific to each discipline. As assessment is a powerful agent for change and responsiveness to learners this article will unpack the reasoning behind these…

Caulcutt, Toia; Paki, Vanessa

2011-01-01

399

Precursors of Adolescent Substance Use from Early Childhood and Early Adolescence: Testing a Developmental Cascade Model  

PubMed Central

This study examined developmentally-salient risk and protective factors of adolescent substance use assessed during early childhood and early adolescence using a sample of 310 low-income boys. Child problem behavior and proximal family risk and protective factors (i.e., parenting, maternal depression) during early childhood, as well as child and family factors and peer deviant behavior during adolescence were explored as potential precursors to later substance use during adolescence using structural equation modeling. Results revealed that early childhood risk and protective factors (i.e., child externalizing problems, mothers’ depressive symptomatology, and nurturant parenting) were indirectly related to substance use at the age of 17 via risk and protective factors during early and middle adolescence (i.e., parental knowledge and externalizing problems). The implications of these findings for early prevention and intervention are discussed. PMID:24029248

Sitnick, Stephanie; Shaw, Daniel S.; Hyde, Luke

2013-01-01

400

Predictable Locations Aid Early Object Name Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Expectancy-based localized attention has been shown to promote the formation and retrieval of multisensory memories in adults. Three experiments show that these processes also characterize attention and learning in 16- to 18-month old infants and, moreover, that these processes may play a critical role in supporting early object name learning. The…

Benitez, Viridiana L.; Smith, Linda B.

2012-01-01

401

New Teachers for a New Century: The Future of Early Childhood Professional Preparation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the view that a well-prepared teacher is one of the keys to young children's successful learning and development in early childhood settings, this book examines the nature and content of current early childhood professional preparation programs at the preservice level, describes high quality early childhood professional preparation, and…

Horm-Wingerd, Diane, Ed.; Hyson, Marilou, Ed.

402

Levels of Number 1 Running head: LEVELS OF NUMBER KNOWLEDGE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD  

E-print Network

Levels of Number 1 Running head: LEVELS OF NUMBER KNOWLEDGE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD Levels of Number Knowledge in Early Childhood Barbara W. Sarnecka and Michael D. Lee University of California, Irvine Author of Number 3 Levels of Number Knowledge in Early Childhood Children learn to count (i.e., to recite

Stanford, Kyle

403

Roadmap: Early Childhood Education Bachelor of Science in Education [EH-BSE-ECDE  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Early Childhood Education ­ Bachelor of Science in Education [EH-BSE-ECDE] College Friday of the term ECED 10120 Introduction to Early Childhood Services 2 C EPSY 29525 Educational experiential learning requirement #12;Roadmap: Early Childhood Education ­ Bachelor of Science in Education [EH

Sheridan, Scott

404

Partial and Incomplete Voices: The Political and Three Early Childhood Teachers' Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The early childhood-school relationship is reported as having points of separation and difference. In particular, early childhood teachers located in a school setting report experiencing a push-down effect. This paper reports on a participatory action research project involving three early childhood teachers working within an independent school.…

Henderson, Linda

2014-01-01

405

EARLY CHILDHOOD UNIFIED The field of teaching is one of our  

E-print Network

EARLY CHILDHOOD UNIFIED The field of teaching is one of our country's most important social service with an emphasis in elementary/early childhood unified, you'll have gained the credentials for teaching children) and early childhood/special education (birth through grade 3) and comprehensive training in methods

406

Professional, Applied & Continuing Education ADVANCED DIPLOMA IN LEADERSHIP IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE  

E-print Network

Professional, Applied & Continuing Education ADVANCED DIPLOMA IN LEADERSHIP IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION PROGRAM The Advanced Diploma in Leadership in Early Childhood Care and Education is a leadership development program that is designed for professionals within the early childhood care and education sector

Martin, Jeff

407

Stephen F. Austin State University Application for the Early Childhood-6  

E-print Network

May 2009 Stephen F. Austin State University Application for the Early Childhood-6 Distance as paraprofessionals in early childhood through sixth grade classrooms, but other students are encouraged to apply #12;May 2009 Early Childhood-6 Distance Education Completion Program Information We highly recommend

Long, Nicholas

408

Music and Physical Play: What Can We Learn from Early Childhood Teachers in Kenya?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sharing classroom practices across international borders can add new dimensions to teaching methods, no matter where one calls home. With this idea in mind, the authors (two U.S. early childhood teacher educators and a Kenyan-born U.S. early childhood teacher) have corresponded for several years through e-mail with a small group of early childhood

Freshwater, Amy; Sherwood, Elizabeth; Mbugua, Esther

2008-01-01

409

Exploring trauma, loss and healing: spirituality, Te Wh?riki and early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attention to spirituality is proposed to be a means of restoring and supporting well?being in early childhood educational contexts. In Aotearoa, New Zealand, the spiritual dimension is included in the early childhood curriculum Te Wh?riki. This holistic approach to education supported research in three different early childhood settings: a Montessori casa, a private preschool and a Rudolf Steiner kindergarten. Narratives

Jane Bone

2008-01-01

410

Exploring Trauma, Loss and Healing: Spirituality, "Te Whariki" and Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attention to spirituality is proposed to be a means of restoring and supporting well-being in early childhood educational contexts. In Aotearoa, New Zealand, the spiritual dimension is included in the early childhood curriculum "Te Whariki". This holistic approach to education supported research in three different early childhood settings: a…

Bone, Jane

2008-01-01

411

Analyzing the Impact of Gender on Depictions of Touch in Early Childhood Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood contexts often enact "common-sense identities" that create and sustain the notion that teachers of young children are expressly female and heterosexual. It has also been argued that touch is a key difference between men and women in early childhood classrooms. This exploratory study examined 10 early childhood textbooks to…

Gilbert, Andrew; Williams, Shane

2008-01-01

412

Team Teaching in an Early Childhood Interdisciplinary Program: A Decade of Lessons Learned  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preparing students in the early childhood field to work with children both with and without disabilities and to collaborate with different professionals is an important endeavor for colleges and universities. The purpose of this paper is to articulate a unique model of program collaboration between early childhood special education and early childhood regular education that demonstrates a cohesive preservice teacher

Linda L. Hestenes; Karen Laparo; Catherine Scott-Little; Swetha Chakravarthi; Joanna K. Lower; Angie Cranor; Deborah J. Cassidy; Judith Niemeyer

2009-01-01

413

Measurement Quality of the Chinese Early Childhood Program Rating Scale: An Investigation Using Multivariate Generalizability Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adapted from the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised, the Chinese Early Childhood Program Rating Scale (CECPRS) is a culturally comparable measure for assessing the quality of early childhood education and care programs in the Chinese cultural/social contexts. In this study, 176 kindergarten classrooms were rated with CECPRS on eight…

Chen, Dezhi; Hu, Bi Ying; Fan, Xitao; Li, Kejian

2014-01-01

414

Friendship formation in inclusive early childhood classrooms: what is the teacher’s role?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined strategies teachers reported using to support friendships among young children in inclusive early childhood classrooms. The teachers included 25 general early childhood educators from 9 child care centers and 20 early childhood special educators from 9 specialized programs. The Playmates and Friends Questionnaire for Teachers documented the number and nature of children’s friendships and teachers’ reported use

Virginia Buysse; Barbara Davis Goldman; Martie L Skinner

2003-01-01

415

51st Annual Early Childhood Conference Dr. Aimee Lee Govett: Center for Math and Science Education,  

E-print Network

University School #12;Introduction · The History of Organic Gardening 251st Annual Early Childhood Conference Conference #12;K-Kids Organic Garden University School Teacher: Ms. Mary Myron 551st Annual Early Childhood are spectacular! 2251st Annual Early Childhood Conference #12;Second Grade Organic Gardening University School

Karsai, Istvan

416

The Power and Possibilities of Performative Critical Early Childhood Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

While early childhood education programs seek to provide the tools to work with children and explore content, many fail to address the social and emotional contexts in which early childhood education occurs. This is evident in the seldom addressed topic of collaboration between lead teachers and assistant teachers in the early childhood classroom. In this study, we found that as

Mariana Souto-Manning; Melisa Cahnmann-Taylor; Jaime Dice; Jennifer Wooten

2008-01-01

417

Beliefs about the Importance of Use of Developmentally Appropriate Practices among Early Childhood Teachers in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores beliefs of Asian Indian teachers regarding the importance of use of developmentally appropriate practices in early childhood classrooms. A total of 178 Asian Indian early childhood teachers working in various early childhood classrooms in the southern part of India participated in the study. The teachers filled out a…

Jambunathan, Sai

2005-01-01

418

Supporting Inclusion in Early Childhood Settings: Some Possibilities and Problems for Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aotearoa New Zealand, like other countries, has legislation and policies that support inclusion and promote the participation of all children and families in early childhood education. We might expect therefore to see a culture of inclusion resonating through policy and practice in early childhood settings. There are early childhood teachers who…

Purdue, Kerry; Gordon-Burns, Diane; Gunn, Alexandra; Madden, Barbara; Surtees, Nicola

2009-01-01

419

What does a professional early childhood educator really do to meet the needs of children?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Writers and researchers with an interest in early childhood services have, over the past decade or so, produced evidence which suggests that early childhood services, at least in the western world, are reflecting societal change and uncertainty to a degree which has never been witnessed before. The philanthropic, social welfare notion of early childhood services has given way to a

Margaret Clyde

1990-01-01

420

Designing New Technologies for Early Childhood: Initial studies of ScratchJr  

E-print Network

education 3. An on-line resource community for early childhood educators and parents. Quantitative DataAssessment Designing New Technologies for Early Childhood: Initial studies of ScratchJr Overview screen and mouse options 2. Curriculum modules that meet federal and state standards for early childhood

Bers, Marina Umaschi

421

Is There a Legitimate Role for Computers in Early Childhood Programs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computers have a legitimate place in early childhood classrooms, provided that attention is given to appropriate software, location, and access. Software should be meaningful, be relevant to the early childhood curriculum, and meet children's needs. Word processing is one of the most appropriate ways to introduce computers into early childhood

Guddemi, Marcia P.; Fite, Kathy

422

MAT Early Childhood Plan of Study Revised 9/5/2012 Louisiana Tech University  

E-print Network

Materials & Methods for Early Childhood/Elementary Grades Mathematics 3 EDCI 521 Assessment of StudentsMAT Early Childhood Plan of Study Revised 9/5/2012 Louisiana Tech University Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT) Early Childhood Education (PK-3) Plan of Study Name CWID# Last First Address

Selmic, Sandra

423

Towards the Emergence of a Critical Ecology of the Early Childhood Profession in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 10-year strategic plan for early childhood education introduced by the New Zealand Ministry of Education in 2002 included policies to create a teacher-led early childhood profession by 2012. This article reviews the provisions of the strategic plan and argues that it emerged from a critical ecology of the early childhood profession with a…

Dalli, Carmen

2010-01-01

424

Socioeconomic Status and Trajectory of Overweight from Birth to Mid-Childhood: The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort  

PubMed Central

Objective Our objective was to use longitudinal data from a US birth cohort to test whether the probability of overweight or obesity during the first 6 years of life varied according to socioeconomic status. Design and Methods Using six waves of longitudinal data from full-term children in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (2001–2007; n?4,950), we examined the prevalence of overweight or obesity (Body Mass Index (BMI)>2 standard deviations above age- and sex- specific WHO Childhood Growth Standard reference mean; henceforth, “overweight/obesity”) according to age, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity using generalized estimating equation models. Results The association between socioeconomic status and overweight/obesity varied significantly by race/ethnicity, but not by sex. Overweight/obesity was significantly associated with socioeconomic status among whites, Hispanics and Asians; the adjusted odds of overweight/obesity began to diverge according to SES after the first 9 months of life. By approximately 4 years, children with the highest SES had a significantly lower odds of overweight/obesity. SES was not significantly related to overweight/obesity among African Americans and American Indians during early childhood. Conclusions Few studies have assessed the associations between SES and overweight/obesity within racial/ethnic groups in the US. We find that in contemporary, US-born children, SES was inversely associated with overweight/obesity among more racial/ethnic groups (whites, Hispanics, and Asians) than previously reported. PMID:24950056

Jones-Smith, Jessica C.; Dieckmann, Marlowe Gates; Gottlieb, Laura; Chow, Jessica; Fernald, Lia C. H.

2014-01-01

425

Comparative Early Childhood Education Services: International Perspectives. Critical Cultural Studies of Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This edited international collection re-conceptualizes the place of early childhood education and care services (ECEC) within communities and challenges traditional approaches to family involvement and partnerships in ECEC. Using a range of theoretical positions, the authors present research-based discussions from five countries which challenge…

Duncan, Judith, Ed.; One, Sarah Te, Ed.

2012-01-01

426

Early Childhood Education: A Projection for 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper projects an image of the future from the present to early in the next century and provides a scenario of a day spent in a school for young children in 2001. The image of the future is based on a chronicle of events which might conceivably happen. The scenario, set in one particular time and place in the future, describes what early

LeVasseur, Natalie P.

427

T.E.A.C.H. Early Childhood: Providing Strategies and Solutions for the Early Childhood Workforce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

T.E.A.C.H., which stands for Teacher Education And Compensation Helps, began in 1990 in North Carolina. What began as a small pilot project, offering scholarships to 21 caregivers, has grown into a national movement. Now in 23 states, T.E.A.C.H. addresses the enduring challenges that plaque the early childhood field--high turnover, low…

Russell, Sue; Rogers, Julie

2005-01-01

428

Language of Art: Inquiry Based Studio Practices in Early Childhood Settings: Inquiry Based Studio Practices in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Incorporate inquiry-based practices into the early childhood classroom or family child care home. Inspired by an approach to teaching and learning born in Reggio Emilia, Italy, this book emphasizes investigation anchored by drawing, painting, and other art activities. It provides advice on setting up a studio space for art and inquiry and fifteen…

Pelo, Ann

2007-01-01

429

Early Childhood Education for the San in Namibia: The Working Group of Indigenous Minorities Early Childhood Development Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Working Group of Indigenous Minorities in Southern Africa (WIMSA) has been working to improve conditions for San communities since 1996. San communities in Namibia have an extremely high dropout rate compared to all other populations in the country, and one of WIMSA's most important areas of focus is education. Early Childhood Development…

Haraseb, Victoria

2011-01-01

430

Early Childhood Spaces: Involving Young Children and Practitioners in the Design Process. Working Papers in Early Childhood Development, No. 45  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This working paper explores the methodology and initial issues raised in seeking to involve young children in the design process. It reports a study concerned with how young children can play an active role in the designing and developing of children's spaces. The focus is on children under 6 years old in early childhood provision. (Contains 2…

Clark, Alison

2007-01-01

431

Improving Urban Student Achievement Through Early Childhood Reform: What State Policymakers Can Do. Issue Paper. Early Childhood Reform Issue Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For over four decades, American policymakers have focused their attention on readying young children for school. Despite noble policy efforts, durable investments and a persistent belief in the ability of early childhood education to offset social inequities, significant challenges exist for America's urban young children as they enter school.…

Kagan, Sharon Lynn

2004-01-01

432

Investigating pre?service early childhood teachers’ views and intentions about integrating and using computers in early childhood settings: compilation of an instrument  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the compilation of an instrument in order to investigate pre?service early childhood teachers’ views and intentions about integrating and using computers in early childhood settings. For the purpose of this study a questionnaire was compiled and administered to 258 pre?service early childhood teachers (PECTs), in Greece. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted and a one?factor model was

Kleopatra Nikolopoulou; Vasilis Gialamas

2009-01-01

433

"Race" and Early Childhood Education: An International Approach to Identity, Politics, and Pedagogy. Critical Cultural Studies of Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores the prominence of "race" in the lives of young children and their early childhood educators. It critiques the often presumed racial innocence of young children and shows instead how young children actively engage with the politics of race as they form their own identities. It challenges early childhood educators to engage with…

Mac Naughton, Glenda, Ed.; Davis, Karina, Ed.

2009-01-01

434

MOTHERS' PERCEPTIONS OF THE TRANSITION PROCESS FROM EARLY INTERVENTION TO EARLY CHILDHOOD SPECIAL EDUCATION: RELATED STRESSORS, SUPPORTS, AND COPING SKILLS  

Microsoft Academic Search

(ABSTRACT) This study investigated 10 mothers’ perceptions on the transition process, for their children with disabilities, from early intervention to early childhood special education. The issues of related stressors, supports, and coping skills were further explored. This research was guided by the ecological or systems theory. The issue of transition between the two service programs (early intervention to early childhood

Paula J. Hoover

435

Infant pain regulation as an early indicator of childhood temperament  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: There is considerable variability in infants’ responses to painful stimuli, including facial and vocal expressions. This variability in pain-related distress response may be an indicator of temperament styles in childhood. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships among immunization pain outcomes (pain reactivity, pain regulation and parent ratings of infant pain) over the first year of life and parent report of early temperament. METHODS: A subset of parent-infant dyads in an ongoing Canadian longitudinal cohort was studied. Infant pain behaviours were coded using the Modified Behavior Pain Scale. Parental judgments of infant pain were recorded using the Numeric Rating Scale. Infant temperament was measured using the Infant Behaviour Questionnaire-Revised. Correlational analyses and multiple regressions were conducted. RESULTS: Multiple regressions revealed that the 12-month regulatory pain scores predicted parent ratings of the Negative Affectivity temperament dimension at 14 months of age. Parent ratings of infant pain at 12 months of age predicted parent ratings of the Orienting/Affiliation temperament dimension, with sex differences observed in this substrate. CONCLUSION: Pain-related distress regulation at one year of age appears to be a novel indicator of parent report of temperament ratings. Pain outcomes in the first six months of life were not related to parent temperament ratings. PMID:24308021

Stevens, Sara A; Racine, Nicole; Riddell, Rebecca Pillai; Horton, Rachel; Garfield, Hartley; Greenberg, Saul

2013-01-01

436

Early Care and Education for Children in Poverty: Promises, Programs, and Long-Term Results. SUNY Series, Youth, Special Services, Schooling, and Public Policy [and] SUNY Series, Early Childhood Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major objective of this collection is to involve researchers in a wide range of disciplines who share an interest in the long-term effects of early childhood education on poor children and their families. The book begins with a series of reviews that provide general overviews of research on the long-term effects of early childhood education. The…

Barnett, W. Steven, Ed.; Boocock, Sarane Spence, Ed.

437

An Activity Guide for Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although somewhat different from play, children's spontaneous activity can be seen as structured by a biologically given, adaptive, and natural learning system common to all human beings. Analysis of literature in which adults recall the play experiences of their early youth and careful analysis of young children's spontaneous activity reveal six…

Alexander, David

438

Early Childhood Education for Diversely Handicapped Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed in the handbook is a noncategorical, interdisciplinary approach to the provision of special education programs and services for handicapped children, 3-to 5-years-old. Among the topics covered are the importance of early intervention; communication and language development; educational intervention (including teaching methods for…

Crain, Jacqueline

439

Early Childhood Violence Prevention. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that all Americans are stakeholders in the quest to prevent violence in the critical early years, this Digest focuses on preventing violence in children's lives and suggests ways caregivers, parents, and teachers can reduce the damaging effects of violence. Even before a child is born, violence can have a profound effect upon its life.…

Massey, Marilyn S.

440

Coaching Families and Colleagues in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this practical guide, early intervention professionals will find a groundbreaking model for supporting those who support families with young children in natural settings--coaching. Beginning with a thorough introduction to the concept of coaching, the book shows professionals how to: help colleagues acquire new knowledge and skills; and support…

Hanft, Barbara E.; Rush, Dathan D.; Shelden, M'Lisa L.

2004-01-01

441

A Model of Clinical Supervision for Preservice Professionals in Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present a model of clinical supervision to guide preservice professionals embarking on a career in early intervention and early childhood special education. Established models of clinical supervision in the general education field are described, followed by a description of the clinical supervision model used by the University of…

Clifford, Jantina R.; Macy, Marisa G.; Albi, Linda D.; Bricker, Diane D.; Rahn, Naomi L.

2005-01-01

442

An Ecological Risk Model for Early Childhood Anxiety: The Importance of Early Child Symptoms and Temperament  

Microsoft Academic Search

Childhood anxiety is impairing and associated with later emotional disorders. Studying risk factors for child anxiety may\\u000a allow earlier identification of at-risk children for prevention efforts. This study applied an ecological risk model to address\\u000a how early childhood anxiety symptoms, child temperament, maternal anxiety and depression symptoms, violence exposure, and\\u000a sociodemographic risk factors predict school-aged anxiety symptoms. This longitudinal, prospective

Nicholas D. Mian; Laurel Wainwright; Margaret J. Briggs-Gowan; Alice S. Carter

2011-01-01

443

Diversity and Difference in Early Childhood Education: Issues for Theory and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood professionals are often required to work with children and families from a range of diverse backgrounds. This book goes beyond simplistic definitions of diversity, encouraging a much broader understanding and helping early childhood educators develop a critical disposition towards assumptions about children and childhood in…

Robinson, Kerry; Diaz, Criss Jones

2005-01-01

444

Remembering Early ChildhoodHow Much, How, and Why (or Why Not)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we consider recent research on three questions about people's memories for their early childhood: whether childhood amnesia is a real phenomenon, whether implicit memories survive when explicit memories do not, and why early episodic memories are sketchy. The research leads us to form three conclusions. First, we argue that childhood amnesia is a real phenomenon, as long

Nora S. Newcombe; Anna Bullock Drummey; Nathan A. Fox; Eunhui Lie; Wendy Ottinger-Alberts

2000-01-01

445

EXAMINATION REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION Early Childhood Education, Birth to Grade 2  

E-print Network

EXAMINATION REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION Early Childhood Education, Birth to Grade 2: 1. Academic Literacy Skill Test (ALST) 2. Educating All Students (EAS) 3. CST Multi Subject (Early Childhood - when available) 4. edTPA (Teacher Performance Assessment) Childhood Education, Grades 1-6: 1. Academic Literacy

Qiu, Weigang

446

Trajectories of physical discipline: early childhood antecedents and developmental outcomes.  

PubMed

This study examined childhood antecedents and developmental outcomes associated with trajectories of mild and harsh parental physical discipline. Interview, questionnaire, and observational data were available from 499 children followed from ages 5 to 16 and from 258 children in an independent sample followed from ages 5 to 15. Analyses indicated distinct physical discipline trajectory groups that varied in frequency of physical discipline and rate of change. In both samples, family ecological disadvantage differentiated the trajectory groups; in the first sample, early child externalizing also differentiated the groups. Controlling for early childhood externalizing, the minimal/ceasing trajectory groups were associated with the lowest levels of subsequent adolescent antisocial behavior in both samples and with parent-adolescent positive relationship quality in the second sample. PMID:19765007

Lansford, Jennifer E; Criss, Michael M; Dodge, Kenneth A; Shaw, Daniel S; Pettit, Gregory S; Bates, John E

2009-01-01

447

Early Childhood Mathematics Teaching: Challenges, Difficulties and Priorities of Teachers of Young Children in Primary Schools in Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues of pedagogy are critical in all aspects of early childhood education. Early childhood mathematics is no exception. There is now a great deal of guidance available to teachers in terms of high-quality early childhood mathematics teaching. Consequently, the characteristics of high-quality early childhood mathematics education are clearly…

Dunphy, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

448

Early Childhood Educational Software: Specific Features and Issues of Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The computer has now become a recognized tool in the education of young children and when used appropriately can reinforce\\u000a their learning experiences. This paper reviews specific features (relating to pedagogic design, software content and user-interface\\u000a design) of early childhood educational software and discusses issues in favor of its localization. Specific features in favor\\u000a of its localization include the dominance

Kleopatra Nikolopoulou

2007-01-01

449

Breast-feeding and early childhood caries: an assessment among Brazilian infants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. Objectives. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate early childhood caries among 12-36-month-old children from families living in poor socio-economic conditions in the city of Recife, Brazil, its association with the type and duration of feeding (e.g. natural, sugared, bottle and glass), as well as the relationship between a supplementary diet and the occurrence of this type

A. ROSENBLATT; P. ZARZAR

2004-01-01

450

Community-based interventions to optimize early childhood development in low resource settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:Interventions targeting the early childhood period (0 to 3 years) help to improve neuro-cognitive functioning throughout life. Some of the more low cost, low resource-intensive community practices for this age-group are play, reading, music and tactile stimulation. This research was conducted to summarize the evidence regarding the effectiveness of such strategies on child development, with particular focus on techniques that

P K Maulik; G L Darmstadt

2009-01-01

451

Early Childhood Literacy and Children’s Multimodal Expressions in Preschool  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter we will discuss how to provide a developmental practice (a didactics) in early childhood literacy. Our reasoning\\u000a is based on video observationsSabs made in a study in which a preschool teacher reads a picture book for one child at a time\\u000a (children aged 1–3 years) and then lets the child play with figures and objects that are

Elisabeth Mellgren; Karin Gustafsson

452

Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency in early childhood.  

PubMed

Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD), which predisposes liver disease in children, is often undiagnosed. Isoelectric focusing in 161 infants with liver dysfunction revealed 14.7% severe and 12.2% moderate AATD. Positive PAS-D and immunohistochemical staining was found in 60% of severe AATD, but in moderate AATD, only immunohistochemistry was positive in 100%. Bilirubinostasis, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, cholestasis, hepatomegaly associated with cholestasis, acholia, high transaminases, and low birthweight were significantly more frequent in severe than in moderate AATD. Both AATDs showed significant portal inflammation, hepatic fibrosis, and viral infection. Early screening in children with liver dysfunction can contribute to the successful detection of AATD. PMID:21609162

Topic, Aleksandra; Prokic, Dragan; Stankovic, Ivica

2011-01-01

453

Using the Autism Detection in Early Childhood (ADEC) and Childhood Autism Rating Scales (CARS) to Predict Long Term Outcomes in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the predictive validity of the Autism Detection in Early Childhood (ADEC; Young, Autism detection in early childhood: ADEC. Australian Council of Educational Research, Camberwell, VIC 2007) and a well-established screening tool, the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS; Schopler et al. The childhood autism rating scale (CARS).…

Nah, Yong-Hwee; Young, Robyn L.; Brewer, Neil

2014-01-01

454

Early Childhood Development in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Understanding the Early Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the Early Years (UEY) is a national research initiative. It provides communities with information to enable them to make informed decisions about the best policies and most appropriate programs for families with young children. It seeks to provide information about the influence of community factors on children's early development…

Willms, J. Douglas

2002-01-01

455

Should Science be Taught in Early Childhood?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This essay considers the question of why we should teach science to K-2. After initial consideration of two traditional reasons for studying science, six assertions supporting the idea that even small children should be exposed to science are given. These are, in order: (1) Children naturally enjoy observing and thinking about nature. (2) Exposing students to science develops positive attitudes towards science. (3) Early exposure to scientific phenomena leads to better understanding of the scientific concepts studied later in a formal way. (4) The use of scientifically informed language at an early age influences the eventual development of scientific concepts. (5) Children can understand scientific concepts and reason scientifically. (6) Science is an efficient means for developing scientific thinking. Concrete illustrations of some of the ideas discussed in this essay, particularly, how language and prior knowledge may influence the development of scientific concepts, are then provided. The essay concludes by emphasizing that there is a window of opportunity that educators should exploit by presenting science as part of the curriculum in both kindergarten and the first years of primary school.

Eshach, Haim; Fried, Michael N.

2005-09-01

456

Who Has Rights to What? Inclusion in Australian Early Childhood Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In early childhood settings prior to school and in the early years of primary school, debate continues over the meaning of inclusion and its scope in terms of the groups under consideration. The genealogies of early childhood education and care, early primary school, special education and cultural education were examined to identify recurring and…

Petriwskyj, Anne

2010-01-01

457

An Exploratory Investigation of Frequently Cited Articles from the Early Childhood Intervention Literature, 1994 to 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored frequently cited articles across four peer-reviewed journals in early intervention (EI) and early childhood special education (ECSE). The Social Sciences Citation Index was used to examine journal articles from 1994 to 2005 in "Early Childhood Research Quarterly, Infants and Young Children," the "Journal of Early

Pool, Juli Lull; Macy, Marisa; McManus, Suzanne Bells; Noh, Jina

2008-01-01

458

Early Childhood Staff and Families' Perceptions: Diverse Views about Important Experiences for Children Aged 3-5 Years in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing body of literature about the potential for early childhood settings to serve as community hubs to develop relationships with families. However, there is limited information about the ways in which families and early childhood staff interface in defining what constitutes "quality" within settings. Researchers have rarely studied…

Hadley, Fay

2012-01-01

459

It's Not Rocket Science: The Perspectives of Indigenous Early Childhood Workers on Supporting the Engagement of Indigenous Families in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings from semi-structured interviews with six Indigenous Australian early childhood workers who were asked about how Indigenous families might be better supported to engage with early childhood education and care services. The workers identified three key barriers to family participation: transport difficulties, family…

Grace, Rebekah; Trudgett, Michelle

2012-01-01

460

What We Know about Integrating Early Childhood Education and Early Childhood Special Education Teacher Preparation Programs: A Review, a Reminder and a Request  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last two decades, a myriad of political and social factors have converged and had a dramatic impact on Early Childhood Education (EC) and Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE). There have been sweeping changes in policy and shifts in society that have resulted in greater numbers of programs serving young children of all abilities and…

Piper, Amy W.

2007-01-01

461

Improving the Quality of Early Childhood Education in Chile: Tensions between Public Policy and Teacher Discourses over the Schoolarisation of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article problematises emerging tensions in Chile, in relation to the discourses of early childhood teachers and public policies aimed at improving the quality of early childhood education. The aim of the analysis is to contribute to developing more nuanced understandings of these tensions, through the analytical lenses provided by the…

Pardo, Marcela; Woodrow, Christine

2014-01-01

462

Consolidating Governmental Early Childhood Education and Care Services under the Ministry of Education and Science: A Swedish Case Study. Early Childhood and Family Policy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a UNESCO-sponsored series of studies examining how integrated and coordinated early childhood policies are implemented, this report presents a case study of the process of integrating early childhood education and care (ECEC) in Sweden under the auspices of the Ministry of Education and Science. The report outlines the reforms preceding…

Taguchi, Hillevi Lenz; Munkammar, Ingmarie

463

There Are Alternatives! Markets and Democratic Experimentalism in Early Childhood Education and Care. Working Papers in Early Childhood Development, Number 53  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper Peter Moss, a Professor of Early Childhood Provision at the University of London, challenges the hegemony of the market model in early childhood education and care. He shows how the market model embodies the values of neoliberalism and, drawing on the work of the Brazilian social theorist Roberto Unger, discusses "democratic…

Moss, Peter

2009-01-01

464

Early Childhood Education and Special Education: How Well Do They Mix? An Examination of Inclusive Practices in Early Childhood Educational Settings in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine and identify the current inclusive practices in early childhood educational settings in Hong Kong, this qualitative study looks at the support and educational services available for young children with special needs in Hong Kong mainstream preschools as well as the characteristics of early childhood educational settings that support…

Zhang, Kaili C.

2011-01-01

465

Early Childhood Guided Tour: Promoting Language and Literacy Among Young Students with Developmental Disabilities in Early Childhood Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center to Improve Practice in Special Education through Technology, Media and Materials has made a guided tour through two Early Childhood (age 3 to 7) classes available via the Web. The classes, in Brockton, Massachussetts, and Wade County, North Carolina, exemplify: "engineering the classroom environment to optimize access to learning; modifying instructional strategies, materials, and tools to meet individual needs; integrating the curriculum through theme-based learning; and embedding assessment in all classroom activities." The site provides a "bus tour" through free choice, circle time, small group activities, and story time, complete with text, photos, and Quicktime videos, to show users how these classes achieve their goals, while at the same time vividly demonstrating the challenges of providing Early Childhood Special Education.

Merkell, Susan.; Smith, Barbara.

466

Defending Childhood: Keeping the Promise of Early Education. Early Childhood Education Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book brings together a group of extraordinary educators and scholars who offer important insights about what we can do to defend childhood from societal challenges. The authors explain new findings from neuroscience and psychology, as well as emerging knowledge about the impact on child development of cultural and linguistic diversity,…

Falk, Beverly, Ed.

2012-01-01

467

Posttraumatic stress disorder in early childhood: classification and diagnostic issues  

PubMed Central

The 0–3 diagnostic classification of infant mental health, on the basis of DSM-IV-R, describes posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a pattern of symptoms that may be shown by children who have experienced a single traumatic event, a series of connected traumatic events, or chronic, enduring stress situations. This definition, related to young children, needs the consideration of several factors to understand the child's symptoms, organize the diagnostic process, and realize clinical interventions. In this sense, the clinician must appreciate the classification criteria of PTSD in early childhood in the context of the child's age, temperament, and developmental level. This report presents a review of the research in the domain of the PTSD in early childhood with particular attention to the developmental considerations to define critical diagnostic criteria, specifically organized on the child characteristics, competences, and needs. Along this line, it will describe two proposed modifications of the diagnostic classification in childhood: the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Alternative Algorithm (PTSD-AA) and the definition of developmental trauma disorder (DTD). PMID:24371512

Simonelli, Alessandra

2013-01-01

468

Positive Childhood Experiences: Resilience and Recovery From Personality Disorder in Early Adulthood  

PubMed Central

Objective Recent follow-along studies of personality disorders have shown significant improvement in psychopathology over time. The purpose of this study was to prospectively investigate the association between positive childhood experiences related to resiliency and remission from personality disorder. Method Five hundred twenty patients with DSM-IV–based semistructured interview diagnoses of schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, or obsessive-compulsive personality disorders were evaluated 6 times over 4 years between September 1996 and June 2002. Positive childhood experiences, including achievements, positive interpersonal relationships with others, and caretaker competencies, were measured using the Childhood Experiences Questionnaire-Revised. The effects of positive childhood experiences on clinically significant remission from personality disorder were determined using survival and proportional hazard regression analyses. Results Positive achievement experiences and positive interpersonal relationships during childhood or adolescence were significantly associated with remission from avoidant and schizotypal personality disorders. The greater the number of positive experiences and the broader the developmental period they spanned, the better the prognosis of these personality disorders. Conclusions The prognosis of certain personality disorders is better in patients whose developmental histories include positive experiences. Early treatment designed to foster personal strengths and competencies and to develop inter-personal skills might benefit young patients diagnosed with personality disorders. PMID:17685749

Skodol, Andrew E.; Bender, Donna S.; Pagano, Maria E.; Shea, M. Tracie; Yen, Shirley; Sanislow, Charles A.; Grilo, Carlos M.; Daversa, Maria T.; Stout, Robert L.; Zanarini, Mary C.; McGlashan, Thomas H.; Gunderson, John G.

2009-01-01

469

Quantifying brain development in early childhood using segmentation and registration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we obtain estimates of tissue growth using longitudinal data comprising MR brain images of 25 preterm children scanned at one and two years. The growth estimates are obtained using segmentation and registration based methods. The segmentation approach used an expectation maximisation (EM) method to classify tissue types and the registration approach used tensor based morphometry (TBM) applied to a free form deformation (FFD) model. The two methods show very good agreement indicating that the registration and segmentation approaches can be used interchangeably. The advantage of the registration based method, however, is that it can provide more local estimates of tissue growth. This is the first longitudinal study of growth in early childhood, previous longitudinal studies have focused on later periods during childhood.

Aljabar, P.; Bhatia, K. K.; Murgasova, M.; Hajnal, J. V.; Boardman, J. P.; Srinivasan, L.; Rutherford, M. A.; Dyet, L. E.; Edwards, A. D.; Rueckert, D.

2007-03-01

470

Asthma Trajectories in Early Childhood: Identifying Modifiable Factors  

PubMed Central

Background There are conflicting views as to whether childhood wheezing represents several discreet entities or a single but variable disease. Classification has centered on phenotypes often derived using subjective criteria, small samples, and/or with little data for young children. This is particularly problematic as asthmatic features appear to be entrenched by age 6/7. In this paper we aim to: identify longitudinal trajectories of wheeze and other atopic symptoms in early childhood; characterize the resulting trajectories by the socio-economic background of children; and identify potentially modifiable processes in infancy correlated with these trajectories. Data and Methods The Millennium Cohort Study is a large, representative birth cohort of British children born in 2000–2002. Our analytical sample includes 11,632 children with data on key variables (wheeze in the last year; ever hay-fever and/or eczema) reported by the main carers at age 3, 5 and 7 using a validated tool, the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood module. We employ longitudinal Latent Class Analysis, a clustering methodology which identifies classes underlying the observed population heterogeneity. Results Our model distinguished four latent trajectories: a trajectory with both low levels of wheeze and other atopic symptoms (54% of the sample); a trajectory with low levels of wheeze but high prevalence of other atopic symptoms (29%); a trajectory with high prevalence of both wheeze and other atopic symptoms (9%); and a trajectory with high levels of wheeze but low levels of other atopic symptoms (8%). These groups differed in terms of socio-economic markers and potential intervenable factors, including household damp and breastfeeding initiation. Conclusion Using data-driven techniques, we derived four trajectories of asthmatic symptoms in early childhood in a large, population based sample. These groups differ in terms of their socio-economic profiles. We identified correlated intervenable pathways in infancy, including household damp and breastfeeding initiation. PMID:25379671

Panico, Lidia; Stuart, Beth; Bartley, Mel; Kelly, Yvonne

2014-01-01

471

Multilevel analysis of air pollution and early childhood neurobehavioral development.  

PubMed

To investigate the association between the ambient air pollution levels during the prenatal and postnatal stages and early childhood neurobehavioral development, our study recruited 533 mother-infant pairs from 11 towns in Taiwan. All study subjects were asked to complete childhood neurobehavioral development scales and questionnaires at 6 and 18 months. Air pollution, including particulate matter ?10 ?m (PM10), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), and hydrocarbons, was measured at air quality monitoring stations in the towns where the subjects lived. Multilevel analyses were applied to assess the association between air pollution and childhood neurobehavioral development during pregnancy and when the children were 0 to 6 months, 7 to 12 months, and 13 to 18 months old. At 18 months, poor subclinical neurodevelopment in early childhood is associated with the average SO2 exposure of prenatal, during all trimesters of pregnancy and at postnatal ages up to 12 months (first trimester ? = -0.083, se = 0.030; second and third trimester ? = -0.114, se = 0.045; from birth to 12 months of age ? = -0.091, se = 0.034). Furthermore, adverse gross motor below average scores at six months of age were associated with increased average non-methane hydrocarbon, (NMHC) levels during the second and third trimesters (? = -8.742, se = 3.512). Low-level SO2 exposure prenatally and up to twelve months postnatal could cause adverse neurobehavioral effects at 18 months of age. Maternal NMHC exposure during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy would be also associated with poor gross motor development in their children at 6 months of age. PMID:24992486

Lin, Ching-Chun; Yang, Shih-Kuan; Lin, Kuan-Chia; Ho, Wen-Chao; Hsieh, Wu-Shiun; Shu, Bih-Ching; Chen, Pau-Chung

2014-07-01

472

Global Research Trends on Early-Life Feeding Practices and Early Childhood Caries: a Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Objective Describe the epidemiologic literature related to early-life feeding practices and early childhood caries (ECC) with regard to publication attributes and trends in these attributes over time. Methods Systematic literature review including electronic and manual searches (in BIOSIS, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, LILACS, MEDLINE, Web of Science, and WHOLIS), covering the years 1990–2013. Attributes of publications meeting a priori inclusion criteria were abstracted and organized by global region and trends over time. Attributes included country of origin and study design of included publications and age and caries prevalence of the populations studied. Results 244 publications drawn from 196 independent study populations were included. The number of publications and the countries represented increased over time, although some world regions remained underrepresented. Most publications were cross sectional (75%); while this percentage remained fairly constant over time, the percentage of studies to account for confounding factors increased. Publications varied with respect to the caries experience and age range of children included in each study. Conclusions Publication productivity regarding feeding practices and ECC research has grown, but this growth has not been evenly distributed globally. Individual publication attributes (i.e. methods and context) can differ significantly and should be considered when interpreting and synthesizing the literature. PMID:25328911

Cheng, Ashley

2014-01-01

473

No Child Misunderstood: Enhancing Early Childhood Teachers’ Multicultural Responsiveness to the Social Competence of Diverse Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of rapid demographic changes in our society, more children from diverse racial\\/cultural backgrounds join our early\\u000a childhood classrooms. The majority of early childhood teachers, on the other hand, are middle-class and of European-decent.\\u000a This paper provides early childhood teachers with both theoretical and practical understandings about multicultural responsiveness,\\u000a in order to understand and promote social competence of

Heejeong Sophia Han; M. Shelley Thomas

2010-01-01

474

Rights of the Child and Early Childhood Education and Care in Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Securing the rights articulated in the Convention is an effective approach to improving the quality of early experiences." This article analyses early childhood education and care and child rights in early childhood and their relationship in the European Union. Both are primarily national competencies. The EU has limited access and tools to…

Herczog, Maria

2012-01-01

475

National Outcome Measures for Early Childhood Development: Development of an Indicator-Based Reporting Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council of Australian Governments released the National Early Childhood Development Strategy, Investing in the Early Years in July 2009 (COAG 2009). One of the key reform priorities in the strategy is to build better information and a solid evidence base, and establishing national outcome measures for early childhood development has been…

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2011

2011-01-01

476

Maximizing the Impact of State Early Childhood Home Visitation Programs. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood is a critical time for cognitive, social, and behavioral development. Many states have invested in comprehensive early childhood care and education systems that offer a wide range of supports and services to families from the prenatal period through school entry. Home visiting programs are an important component of state early

NGA Center for Best Practices, 2011

2011-01-01

477

Early Childhood Education Assembly: Changing the Face of Early Literacy Education within NCTE and Beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy begins at birth. As soon as children are born, they start reading the world around them. Yet for years the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) was not regarded as a place for early childhood teachers, researchers, and teacher educators who work with children from birth to age eight. Recently, however, a group has come together…

Souto-Manning, Mariana; Vasquez, Vivian M.

2011-01-01

478

Why We Should Begin Early with ESD: The Role of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Only recently has Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) become a question for Early Childhood Education (ECE, including care). Since it is a new area of content in ECE, there are also many questions to sort out. Some people claim that young children should be sheltered from all the problems in the world, which is an understandable…

Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid

2011-01-01

479

Quilting Integration: A Technical Assistance Guide on Integrated Early Childhood Programs. The Early Integration Training Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed to help people meet the challenge of developing early childhood programs that are inclusive of all children, regardless of disability. The manual was written in the spirit of a quilting book, in its recognition of the importance of the quiltmaker's (and the program developer's) own adaptations, creativity, and inspiration.…

Holden, Leah; And Others

480

Promoting Early Literacy Skills: Effects of In-Service Education for Early Childhood Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effects of in-service education on educators' use of story comprehension utterances, narrative models, and print\\/sound references during interactive book reading. Participants included sixteen early childhood educators with groups of four typically-developing children, aged 18 to 67 months. Eight educators in the experimental group were taught to engage in story-related discussion to promote children's early literacy skills.

Heather Flowers; Luigi Girolametto; Elaine Weitzman; Janice Greenberg

481

Phenomenology of Early Childhood Onset Obsessive Compulsive Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the phenomenological features of early childhood onset obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD; defined as\\u000a children meeting DSM-IV criteria for OCD with age of onset <8 years). Fifty-eight children (ages 4–8) were included in the\\u000a sample. OCD and comorbid diagnoses were determined by structured interview, and OCD severity was measured using the Children’s\\u000a Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS). Mean age

Abbe M. Garcia; Jennifer B. Freeman; Michael B. Himle; Noah C. Berman; Alexandra K. Ogata; Janet Ng; Molly L. Choate-Summers; Henrietta Leonard

2009-01-01

482

Continuity and Respect for Diversity: Strengthening Early Transitions in Peru. Working Papers in Early Childhood Development, No. 56. Studies in Early Childhood Transitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This working paper is part of a series on early transitions from "Young Lives," a 15-year longitudinal study of childhood poverty in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. It explores the diverse experiences of 28 children from four contrasting communities in Peru as they start school. These detailed case studies highlight common problems: exclusion…

Ames, Patricia; Rojas, Vanessa; Portugal, Tamia

2010-01-01

483

Temperament and Maternal Emotion Socialization Beliefs as Predictors of Early Childhood Social Behavior in the Laboratory and Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The authors examined the roles of children's approach behavior and maternal emotion socialization practices in the development of social behavior in unfamiliar and familiar contexts from preschool to early childhood years. Design. At 4.5 years of age, children were observed, and an assessment of approach behavior was obtained; at this time, mothers reported about their emotion socialization beliefs. Two

Amy Kennedy Root; Cynthia Stifter

2010-01-01

484

Model Early Childhood Learning Program, Baltimore, Maryland. Model Programs, Title III--Elementary and Secondary Education Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the Model Early Childhood Learning Program of Baltimore, Md., City Schools is to provide experiences for disadvantaged children which will constitute the prerequisite developmental history needed to undertake first grade concepts and skills. The project's stated objectives are: (1) to improve the measured aptitude or readiness for…

National Center for Educational Communication (DHEW/NIE), Washington, DC.

485

Training Professionals in Early Childhood Special Education/Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (ECSE/TESOL).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report describes the objectives, activities and outcomes of a federally funded project that was designed to provide a high quality, interdisciplinary graduate degree program in Early Childhood Special Education with an emphasis on Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (ECSE/TESOL) at the University of Miami, Florida. A portion…

Rothlein, Liz; Vaughn, Sharon

486

Childhood and Adolescent Television Viewing and Antisocial Behavior in Early Adulthood  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether excessive television viewing throughout childhood and adolescence is associated with increased antisocial behavior in early adulthood. METHODS: We assessed a birth cohort of 1037 individuals born in Dunedin, New Zealand, in 1972–1973, at regular intervals from birth to age 26 years. We used regression analysis to investigate the associations between television viewing hours from ages 5 to 15 years and criminal convictions, violent convictions, diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder, and aggressive personality traits in early adulthood. RESULTS: Young adults who had spent more time watching television during childhood and adolescence were significantly more likely to have a criminal conviction, a diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder, and more aggressive personality traits compared with those who viewed less television. The associations were statistically significant after controlling for sex IQ, socioeconomic status, previous antisocial behavior, and parental control. The associations were similar for both sexes, indicating that the relationship between television viewing and antisocial behavior is similar for male and female viewers. CONCLUSIONS: Excessive television viewing in childhood and adolescence is associated with increased antisocial behavior in early adulthood. The findings are consistent with a causal association and support the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation that children should watch no more than 1 to 2 hours of television each day. PMID:23420910

Robertson, Lindsay A.; McAnally, Helena M.

2013-01-01

487

Constructs of Childhood: Enduring or Open to Change? Early Years Students' Reflections on First Hand Experiences of Childhood and Early Years Education in a Different Country and Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It can be argued that globalisation brings change for children and their families in the guise of increased poverty and inequality; for example, for the world's poorest populations and communities. Students undertaking Early Childhood Studies degrees in the United Kingdom are likely to encounter modules with a focus on childhood in a variety of…

McGillivray, Gill

2009-01-01

488

Sensory Processing Relates to Attachment to Childhood Comfort Objects of College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author tested the hypothesis that attachment to comfort objects is based on the sensory processing characteristics of the individual. Fifty-two undergraduate students with and without a childhood comfort object reported sensory responses and performed a tactile threshold task. Those with a comfort object described their object and rated their…

Kalpidou, Maria

2012-01-01

489

Childhood Predictors of Psychiatric Disorders among Boys: A Prospective Community-Based Follow-Up Study from Age 8 Years to Early Adulthood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To study early childhood predictors for early adulthood psychiatric disorders. Method: The sample included 2,712 Finnish boys born in 1981. Information about the 8-year-old boys' problem behavior was obtained from parents, teachers, and children. The 10-15-year follow-up information about psychiatric disorders in early adulthood was…

Sourander, Andre; Multimaki, Petteri; Nikolakaros, Georgios; Haavisto, Antti; Ristkari, Terja; Helenius, Hans; Parkkola, Kai; Piha, Jorma; Tamminen, Tuula; Moilanen, Irma; Kumpulainen, Kirsti; Almqvist, Fredrik

2005-01-01

490

Developing an Early Childhood Teacher Workforce Development Strategy for Rural and Remote Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The North West Early Childhood and Primary Teacher Workforce Development Strategy offers students in the Pilbara and Kimberley the opportunity to enrol in a Western Australian University's fully accredited Bachelor of Education (Early Childhood and Primary) part time and externally--so they can continue to live and work in their communities. The…

Price, Anne; Jackson-Barrett, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

491

Literacy Outcomes of Children with Early Childhood Speech Sound Disorders: Impact of Endophenotypes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To demonstrate that early childhood speech sound disorders (SSD) and later school-age reading, written expression, and spelling skills are influenced by shared endophenotypes that may be in part genetic. Method: Children with SSD and their siblings were assessed at early childhood (ages 4-6 years) and followed at school age (7-12 years).…

Lewis, Barbara A.; Avrich, Allison A.; Freebairn, Lisa A.; Hansen, Amy J.; Sucheston, Lara E.; Kuo, Iris; Taylor, H. Gerry; Iyengar, Sudha K.; Stein, Catherine M.

2011-01-01

492

Looking into New Mirrors: Lessons for Early Childhood Finance and System Building. Public Policy Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights findings and recommendations of research examining public policy in housing, health care, higher education, and transportation, and how these policies can be applied to improve early childhood financing and systems. Stresses goal of universal access for early childhood programs through financial stability in forming business alliances,…

Stoney, Louise

1999-01-01

493

Critically Redefining and Repositioning Media Texts in Early Childhood Teacher Education: What If? And Why?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the prevalence of popular media in the lives of young children today, early childhood teacher education stands to benefit from fostering critical media literacy practices. Through the use of critical media literary practices, early childhood teacher educators can facilitate a process whereby preservice teachers learn how to critically…

Souto-Manning, Mariana; Price-Dennis, Detra

2012-01-01

494

Technological Funds of Knowledge in Children's Play: Implications for Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The technological knowledge the children bring with them into early childhood settings is not well documented or understood. This article discusses the technological knowledge and understanding of the nature of technology present within children's collaborative play in two New Zealand early childhood settings. The children incorporated a wide…

Mawson, Brent

2011-01-01

495

Early Childhood Predictors of the Social Competence of Adults with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longitudinal research into adult outcomes in autism remains limited. Unlike previous longitudinal examinations of adult outcome in autism, the twenty participants in this study were evaluated across multiple assessments between early childhood (M = 3.9 years) and adulthood (M = 26.6 years). In early childhood, responsiveness to joint attention…

Gillespie-Lynch, Kristen; Sepeta, Leigh; Wang, Yueyan; Marshall, Stephanie; Gomez, Lovella; Sigman, Marian; Hutman, Ted

2012-01-01

496

Best in Class: A Classroom-Based Model for Ameliorating Problem Behavior in Early Childhood Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As more young children enter school settings to attend early childhood programs, early childhood teachers and school psychologists have been charged with supporting a growing number of young children with chronic problem behaviors that put them at risk for the development of emotional/behavioral disorders (EBDs). There is a need for effective,…

Vo, Abigail K.; Sutherland, Kevin S.; Conroy, Maureen A.

2012-01-01

497

Readiness to Implement a National Quality Framework: Evidence from Irish Early Childhood Care and Education Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the factors associated with childcare staff members' readiness to implement quality standards in early childhood settings in Ireland. To coincide with a new government policy that provides every three-year-old child with access to a free preschool year, a framework designed to improve the quality of early childhood care and…

Doyle, Orla; Logue, Caitriona; McNamara, Kelly A.

2011-01-01

498

Exploring a Comprehensive Model for Early Childhood Vocabulary Instruction: A Design Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressing a critical need for effective vocabulary practices in early childhood classrooms, we conducted a design experiment to achieve three goals: (1) developing a comprehensive model for early childhood vocabulary instruction, (2) examining the effectiveness of this model, and (3) discerning the contextual conditions that hinder or facilitate…

Wang, X. Christine; Christ, Tanya; Chiu, Ming Ming

2014-01-01

499

New Toys for Young Children: Integration of Computer Technology into Early Childhood Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years there has been a dramatic increase in the availability of computers in educational settings. Since the technology became available for all ages, the amount of technology usage increased in early childhood classrooms (Haugland, 1997). Despite of the dramatic increase of computers in early childhood classrooms, there are still arguments about how to use computers in more effective

Nesrin ISIKOGLU

2003-01-01

500

Storytelling Dramas as a Community Building Activity in an Early Childhood Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Healthy social-emotional development is promoted by building a safe, secure and respectful environment in an early childhood setting with positive and consistent relationships among adults, children, and their peers. This study explored storytelling dramas as an opportunity to build community within the context of one early childhood classroom.…

Wright, Cheryl; Diener, Marissa L.; Kemp, Jacqueline Lindsay

2013-01-01