Note: This page contains sample records for the topic objectives outline laboratory from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Applied Mathematics Course Outline & Objectives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This PDF document from the Center for the Advancement of Process Technology provides a course outline for a basic applied mathematics course. Each section of the document includes learning objectives.

2011-02-04

2

Segmentation of Object Outlines into Parts: A Large-Scale Integrative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, a large number of observers (N=201) were asked to segment a collection of outlines derived from line drawings of everyday objects (N=88). This data set was then used as a benchmark to evaluate current models of object segmentation. All of the previously proposed rules of segmentation were found supported in our results. For example,…

De Winter, Joeri; Wagemans, Johan

2006-01-01

3

Health Education Curriculum Objectives and Family Life Content Outline, K-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This health education curriculum guide consists of two major sections: a list of health education objectives and a family life education content outline. Each section is subdivided by grade levels, kindergarten through 12. Health education objectives for each grade level are organized into six topic areas: mental health, physical health, community…

Northern Valley Regional High School District, Closter, NJ.

4

Introduction to Psychology and Leadership. Part Six; Authority and Responsibility. Content Outline, Terminal and Enabling Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The content is outlined and the terminal and enabling objectives are provided for a curriculum area on authority and responsibility (see EM 010 432, EM 010 433, EM 010 458, and EM 010 468), part of an introduction to psychology and leadership course for the United States Naval Academy (see the final reports which summarize the course development…

Westinghouse Learning Corp., Annapolis, MD.

5

SHERPA: an image segmentation and outline feature extraction tool for diatoms and other objects  

PubMed Central

Background Light microscopic analysis of diatom frustules is widely used both in basic and applied research, notably taxonomy, morphometrics, water quality monitoring and paleo-environmental studies. In these applications, usually large numbers of frustules need to be identified and/or measured. Although there is a need for automation in these applications, and image processing and analysis methods supporting these tasks have previously been developed, they did not become widespread in diatom analysis. While methodological reports for a wide variety of methods for image segmentation, diatom identification and feature extraction are available, no single implementation combining a subset of these into a readily applicable workflow accessible to diatomists exists. Results The newly developed tool SHERPA offers a versatile image processing workflow focused on the identification and measurement of object outlines, handling all steps from image segmentation over object identification to feature extraction, and providing interactive functions for reviewing and revising results. Special attention was given to ease of use, applicability to a broad range of data and problems, and supporting high throughput analyses with minimal manual intervention. Conclusions Tested with several diatom datasets from different sources and of various compositions, SHERPA proved its ability to successfully analyze large amounts of diatom micrographs depicting a broad range of species. SHERPA is unique in combining the following features: application of multiple segmentation methods and selection of the one giving the best result for each individual object; identification of shapes of interest based on outline matching against a template library; quality scoring and ranking of resulting outlines supporting quick quality checking; extraction of a wide range of outline shape descriptors widely used in diatom studies and elsewhere; minimizing the need for, but enabling manual quality control and corrections. Although primarily developed for analyzing images of diatom valves originating from automated microscopy, SHERPA can also be useful for other object detection, segmentation and outline-based identification problems.

2014-01-01

6

Segmentation of object outlines into parts: a large-scale integrative study.  

PubMed

In this study, a large number of observers (N=201) were asked to segment a collection of outlines derived from line drawings of everyday objects (N=88). This data set was then used as a benchmark to evaluate current models of object segmentation. All of the previously proposed rules of segmentation were found supported in our results. For example, minima of curvature (i.e. locations along the contour where negative curvature takes an extreme value) were often used as segmentation points. The second point of a pair connected by a segmentation line often depended on more global shape characteristics such as proximity, collinearity, symmetry, and elongation. Based on these results, a framework is presented in which all of the previously proposed (and now empirically validated) segmentation rules or rules for part formation are integrated. PMID:16043166

De Winter, Joeri; Wagemans, Johan

2006-04-01

7

Introduction to Psychology and Leadership. Part Eight; Senior-Subordinate Relationships. Content Outline, Terminal and Enabling Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The content is outlined and the terminal and enabling objectives are provided for a curriculum area on senior-subordinate relationships (see EM 010 437, EM 010 438, EM 010 460, and EM 010 469), part of an introduction to psychology and leadership course for the United States Naval Academy (see the final reports which summarize the course…

Westinghouse Learning Corp., Annapolis, MD.

8

The awakening of Attneave's sleeping cat: identification of everyday objects on the basis of straight-line versions of outlines.  

PubMed

Attneave (1954 Psychological Review 61 183-193) demonstrated that a line drawing of a sleeping cat can still be identified when the smoothly curved contours are replaced by straight-line segments connecting the positive maxima and negative minima of contour curvature. Using the set of line drawings by Snodgrass and Vanderwart (1980 Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory 6 174-215) we made outline versions (with known curvature values along the contour) that can still be identified and that can be used to test Attneave's demonstration more systematically and more thoroughly. In five experiments (with 444 subjects in total), we tested identifiability of straight-line versions of 184 stimuli with different selections of points to be connected (using 24 to 28 subjects per stimulus per condition). Straight-line versions connecting curvature extrema were easier to identify than those based on inflections (where curvature changes sign), and those connecting salient points (determined by 161 independent subjects) were easier than those connecting midpoints. However, identification varied considerably between objects: some were almost always identifiable and others almost never, regardless of the selection criterion, whereas identifiability depended on the specific shape attributes preserved in the straight-line version of the outline in other objects. Results are discussed in relation to Attneave's original hypotheses as well as in the light of more recent theories on shape perception and object identification. PMID:18456926

De Winter, Joeri; Wagemans, Johan

2008-01-01

9

A laboratory for teaching object oriented thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is difficult to introduce both novice and experienced procedural programmers to the anthropomorphic perspective necessary for object-oriented design. We introduce CRC cards, which characterize objects by class name, responsibilities, and collaborators, as a way of giving learners a direct experience of objects. We have found this approach successful in teaching novice programmers the concepts of objects, and in introducing

Kent Beck; Ward Cunningham

1989-01-01

10

Course Outline for Lesson Plans for Pre-Employment Laboratory Training in CVAE-VEH Farm and Ranch Mechanical Repair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains 88 lesson plans for a laboratory course in farm and ranch mechanical repair. The lesson plans are organized into six units covering the following topics: occupational information, construction and maintenance (safety, farm carpentry, farm water supply and sanitation, farm electricity, concrete), hot metal work (oxyacetylene…

Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Vocational Instructional Services.

11

Laboratory tests of IEC DER object models for grid applications.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District (SRP) and Sandia National Laboratories to jointly develop advanced methods of controlling distributed energy resources (DERs) that may be located within SRP distribution systems. The controls must provide a standardized interface to allow plug-and-play capability and should allow utilities to take advantage of advanced capabilities of DERs to provide a value beyond offsetting load power. To do this, Sandia and SRP field-tested the IEC 61850-7-420 DER object model (OM) in a grid environment, with the goal of validating whether the model is robust enough to be used in common utility applications. The diesel generator OM tested was successfully used to accomplish basic genset control and monitoring. However, as presently constituted it does not enable plug-and-play functionality. Suggestions are made of aspects of the standard that need further development and testing. These problems are far from insurmountable and do not imply anything fundamentally unsound or unworkable in the standard.

Blevins, John D. (PE Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ); Menicucci, David F.; Byrd, Thomas, Jr. (,; .); Gonzalez, Sigifredo; Ginn, Jerry W.; Ortiz-Moyet, Juan (Primecore, Inc.)

2007-02-01

12

Laboratory Tests of IEC DER Object Models for Grid Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District (SRP) and Sandia National Laboratories to jointly develop advanced methods of controlling distributed ene...

J. W. Ginn J. O. Moyet D. F. Menicucci T. Byrd S. Gonzalez J. D. Blevins

2007-01-01

13

PHY 300 PRE-TECHNICAL PHYSICS, COURSE OUTLINE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TEACHERS DEVELOPING LESSON PLANS FOR A COURSE IN BASIC PRINCIPLES AND CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS CAN USE THIS OUTLINE. IT WAS DEVELOPED BY A COMMITTEE OF TEACHERS AND WAS BASED ON EXPERIENCE AND CLASSROOM USE. THE OBJECTIVE OF THE COURSE IS TO HELP STUDENTS ACQUIRE AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE SCIENTIFIC APPROACH AND A WORKING KNOWLEDGE OF BASIC LABORATORY

WORTHINGTON, ROGER G.; AND OTHERS

14

Objective and Subjective Assessment of Reciprocal Peer Teaching in Medical Gross Anatomy Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This articles describes the use of reciprocal peer teaching (RPT) used in an anatomy dissection laboratory course. Outcomes used to measure learning included objective and subjective variables; course grades and study surveys.

2009-07-27

15

Polar Explorers: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Polar Explorers issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and Grades 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

16

Polar Patterns: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Polar Patterns: Day, Night, and Seasons issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica; Shrewsberry, Kelli; Shiverdecker, Terry

17

Polar Mammals: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Polar Mammals issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

18

Polar Plants: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Polar Plants issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

19

Outline of Bielorussian Morphology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work, a revised version of the author's original "outline of Bielorussian Morphology" (1967), is intended as a contribution to a structurally oriented grammar of Bielorussian in English. It is based on published grammars and handbooks. Opening sections of this outline deal with phonology and morphophonemic alternations, followed by sections…

Bidwell, Charles E.

20

Moravec Outlines Seven Operations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines seven key operations that determine the success of the school newspaper staff and its adviser: (1) journalism education, (2) recruitment, (3) carry-over training, (4) management, (5) continued training, (6) support and encouragement, and (7) evaluation. (FL)

Moravec, Shirley

1983-01-01

21

Outline of Ascomycota - 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lumbsch, H. T. and S.M. Huhndorf (ed.) 2007. Outline of Ascomycota - 2007. Myconet 13: 1 - 58. The present classification contains all accepted genera and higher taxa above the generic level in phylum Ascomycota.

H. Thorsten Lumbsch; Sabine M. Huhndorf

22

Distributive Education: Secondary, Course Outline. Revised 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document is a revision of earlier units, updated to include behavioral or performance objectives. Divided into 22 units of instruction, the course outline for distributive education presents suggested length of time for each part of a unit, prerequisites, a description of the part, objectives, sources, outline for the section, activities,…

Washington State Coordinating Council for Occupational Education, Olympia.

23

Education Place: Outline Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from Education Place's Social Studies Center lists a selection of outline maps for use in the classroom or at home. Sample maps include Africa: Political; Africa: Political and Physical; California's Regions; Colonial America, 1776; Eastern Hemisphere; Southern Asia: Political; United States: Postal Abbreviations; United States: Climate; The United States in 1860. It contains also five maps with different views of the world.

24

Security Awareness Course Outline  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance (CSSIA) provides this course outline for a security awareness course. It includes information about the course and also lists end competencies expected, major concepts and evaluation methods. The document may be downloaded in Microsoft Word Doc file format.

2013-07-26

25

Effect of Night Laboratories on Learning Objectives for a Nonmajor Astronomy Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We tested the effectiveness of hands-on nighttime laboratories that challenged student misconceptions, using a new assessment exam to measure learning in a nonmajor introductory astronomy class at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. We were able to increase learning at the 8.0 sigma level on one of the Moon phase objectives that was addressed in a…

Jacobi, Ian C.; Newberg, Heidi Jo; Broder, Darren; Finn, Rose A.; Milano, Anthony J.; Newberg, Lee A.; Weatherwax, Allan T.; Whittet, Douglas C. B.

2009-01-01

26

Data Quality Objectives Supporting Radiological Air Emissions Monitoring for the Marine Sciences Laboratory, Sequim Site  

SciTech Connect

This document of Data Quality Objectives (DQOs) was prepared based on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Guidance on Systematic Planning Using the Data Quality Objectives Process, EPA, QA/G4, 2/2006 (EPA 2006), as well as several other published DQOs. The intent of this report is to determine the necessary steps required to ensure that radioactive emissions to the air from the Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) headquartered at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Sequim Marine Research Operations (Sequim Site) on Washington State’s Olympic Peninsula are managed in accordance with regulatory requirements and best practices. The Sequim Site was transitioned in October 2012 from private operation under Battelle Memorial Institute to an exclusive use contract with the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Pacific Northwest Site Office.

Barnett, J. M.; Meier, Kirsten M.; Snyder, Sandra F.; Antonio, Ernest J.; Fritz, Brad G.; Poston, Theodore M.

2012-12-27

27

Student Perceptions of Textbook Outlines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in an introductory psychology course evaluated 3 types of outlines (traditional, graphical, alphabetical) and then provided summary information about their use of outlines and rank ordered their preferred type of outlines. Over 75% of students agreed that outlines are useful, and students clearly prefer the traditional, Roman…

Landrum, R. Eric; Clark, Jeremy

2006-01-01

28

Building Construction and Codes Course Outline  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document from Betty Ravnik of Alexandria Technical College provides an outline for a three-credit building construction and codes course. The main goal of this course is to identify housing components and historic housing styles. Students learn about common structural materials used in building and their applications. The outline includes an extensive list of objectives for the course. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Ravnik, Betty

2011-11-24

29

Solid CO2 in low-mass young stellar objects. Comparison between Spitzer and laboratory spectra  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context. Solid interstellar CO2 is an abundant component of ice dust mantles. Its ubiquity towards quiescent molecular clouds, as well as protostellar envelopes, has recently been confirmed by the IRS (InfraRed Spectrograph) aboard the Spitzer Space Telescope. Although it has been shown that CO2 cannot be efficiently formed in the gas phase, the CO2 surface formation pathway is still unclear. To date several CO2 surface formation mechanisms induced by energetic (e.g., UV photolysis and cosmic ray irradiation) and non-energetic (e.g., cold atom addition) input have been proposed. Aims: Our aim is to investigate the contribution of cosmic ray irradiation to the formation of CO2 in different regions of the interstellar medium (ISM). To achieve this goal we compared quantitatively laboratory data with the CO2 bending mode band profile observed towards several young stellar objects (YSOs) and a field star by the Spitzer Space Telescope. Methods: All the experiments presented here were performed at the Laboratory for Experimental Astrophysics in Catania (Italy). The interstellar relevant samples were all irradiated with fast ions (30-200 keV) and subsequently annealed in a stainless steel high vacuum chamber (P < 10-7 mbar). Chemical and structural modifications of the ice samples were monitored by means of infrared spectroscopy. Laboratory spectra were then used to fit some thirty observational spectra. Results: A qualitative analysis shows that a good fit can be obtained with a minimum of two components. The choice of the laboratory components is based on the chemical-physical condition of each source. A quantitative analysis of the sources with known visual extinction (AV) and methanol abundances highlights that the solid carbon dioxide can be efficiently and abundantly formed after ion irradiation of interstellar ices in all the selected YSOs in a time compatible with cloud lifetimes (3 × 107 years). Only in the case of field stars can the expected CO2 column density formed upon energetic input not explain the observed abundances. This result, to be confirmed along the line of sight to different quiescent clouds, gives an indirect indication that CO2 can also be formed in an early cloud stage through surface reactions induced by non-energetic mechanisms. In a later stage, when ices are exposed to higher UV and cosmic ray doses, the CO2 total abundance is strongly affected by energetic formation mechanisms. Conclusions: Our results indicate that energetic processing of icy grain mantles significantly contribute to the formation of solid phase interstellar CO2.

Ioppolo, S.; Sangiorgio, I.; Baratta, G. A.; Palumbo, M. E.

2013-06-01

30

Earth's Changing Surface: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Earth's Changing Surface issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

31

Biotechnology Outlines for Classroom Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a course outline for the study of biotechnology at the high school or college level. The outline includes definitions, a history, and the vocabulary of biotechnology. Presents a science experiment to analyze the effects of restriction enzymes on DNA. (MDH)

Paolella, Mary Jane

1991-01-01

32

Icebergs and Glaciers: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Icebergs and Glaciers issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

33

Theoretical development of laboratory techniques for magnetic measurement of large objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Equations that relate magnetic gradiometric measurements over a closed surface to the prolate spheroidal multipole moments of an object can be used to remove the uniform inducing field of a magnetic calibration facility's coil system, along with the Earth's background field, from the signature of a large test object without requiring it to be moved. This paper presents an example

John J. Holmes

2001-01-01

34

Impact of Management-By-Objectives Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratories.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary objectives of the project were to determine the feasibility of Management-by-Objectives (MBO), a managerial technique widely used in business and industry, as an aid in management of Research and Development activities. The design of the resea...

H. D. Dewhirst R. D. Arvey

1978-01-01

35

Organizational philosophy, policies, and objectives related to unethical decision behavior: A laboratory experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluated unethical decision behavior under different policy and environmental conditions. A laboratory methodology used a simulated marketing decision task that was expanded to include an ethical decision. Ss were 165 graduate business students who made a series of decisions on whether to pay a kickback or not. In Exp I, when Ss were given a letter from the corporate president

W. Harvey Hegarty; Henry P. Sims

1979-01-01

36

Objective and Subjective Assessment of Reciprocal Peer Teaching in Medical Gross Anatomy Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reciprocal peer teaching (RPT), wherein students alternate roles as teacher and learner, has been applied in several educational arenas with varying success. Here, we describe the implementation of a reciprocal peer teaching protocol in a human gross anatomy laboratory curriculum. We compared the outcomes of the RPT class with those of previous…

Bentley, Brian S.; Hill, Robert V.

2009-01-01

37

Putting time into proof outlines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A logic for reasoning about timing of concurrent programs is presented. The logic is based on proof outlines and can handle maximal parallelism as well as resource-constrained execution environments. The correctness proof for a mutual exclusion protocol that uses execution timings in a subtle way illustrates the logic in action.

Schneider, Fred B.; Bloom, Bard; Marzullo, Keith

1991-01-01

38

Boater Performance Course Curriculum Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of three related documents on recreational boating, this curriculum outline presents units of study designed to provide the knowledge, attitudes, and skills essential for safe boating behavior in all recreational boating activities. Fourteen units of study cover all phases of boat operation and are geared to the 15- or 16-foot power boat--the…

Davis, Michael W.; Reichle, Marvin N.

39

Outline of Programe Registration System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After the outline of the copyright registration system was described in this paper, the program registration system, which has started from April l, 1987, was introduced in focussing on the subjects as the special case and a methodology of registration procedures and how to submit the application.

Kono, Masamichi

40

Object-oriented data handling system for an automated chemistry laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The environmental-remediation efforts at DOE complexes require characterizing problems at each site before cleanup action. Characterization will require the chemical analysis of millions of samples at a significant cost. Automation of the required chemical analyses methods provides a cost-effective solution. An object-oriented approach was deemed necessary to allow for modularization, maintainability, reusability, and flexibility of the software and hardware. Each chemical analysis method is implemented as a Standard Analysis Method or SAM. A SAM is, in essence, a black box'' into which a sample enters at one end and chemical or physical information exits'' at the other. 7 refs., 6 figs.

Medvick, P.A.; Mniszewski, S.M.; Beugelsdijk, T.J.

1991-01-01

41

ChemCam Science Objectives for the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Rover  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

ChemCam consists of two remote sensing instruments. One, a Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) instrument provides rapid elemental composition data on rocks and soils within 13 m of the rover. By using laser pulses, it can remove dust or profile through weathering layers remotely. The other instrument, the Remote Micro-Imager (RMI), provides the highest resolution images between 2 m and infinity. At approximately 80 Rad field of view, its resolution exceeds that of MER Pancam by at least a factor of four. The ChemCam instruments are described in a companion paper by Maurice et al. Here we present the science objectives for the ChemCam instrument package.

Wiens, R.; Maurice, S.; Bridges, N.; Clark, B.; Cremers, D.; Herkenhoff, K.; Kirkland, L.; Mangold, N.; Manhes, G.; Mauchien, P.

2005-01-01

42

ChemCam Science Objectives for the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Rover  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

ChemCam consists of two remote sensing instruments. One, a Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) instrument provides rapid elemental composition data on rocks and soils within 13 m of the rover. By using laser pulses, it can remove dust or profile through weathering layers remotely. The other instrument, the Remote Micro-Imager (RMI), provides the highest resolution images between 2 m and infinity. At approximately 80 Rad field of view, its resolution exceeds that of MER Pancam by at least a factor of four. The ChemCam instruments are described in a companion paper by Maurice et al. [1]. Here we present the science objectives for the ChemCam instrument package.

Wiens, R.; Maurice, S.; Bridges, N.; Clark, B.; Cremers, D.; Herkenhoff, K.; Kirkland, L.; Mangold, N.; Manhes, G.; Mauchien, P.

2005-01-01

43

Laboratory Demonstration of a Correlation-Based Adaptive-Optical System for Wavefront Sensing of Extended Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the last few decades, adaptive-optical (AO) techniques have been developed to mitigate the deleterious effects of atmospheric turbulence on imaging systems. Traditionally, AO systems have relied on a point source beacon, either a natural star or a generated laser guide star, to provide a reference for the wavefront sensor (WFS). However, for passive, remote imaging applications, such a reference source is not generally available and the extended nature of the object can severely degrade the performance of conventional Hartmann WFSs using quad-cell or other centroid estimation approaches. Correlation wavefront sensing has been proposed as a means of improving AO performance in these applications. Correlation methods are more accurate and robust and less sensitive to noise than centrioding algorithms. Over the last year, researchers at the Starfire Optical Range (SOR), Optics Division, Air Force Research Laboratory, have been developing a correlation WFS for remote imaging of extended objects. The design of a prototype sensor is described and results from a laboratory demonstration performed in the SOR's ASALT Laboratory are presented.

Rhoadarmer, T.

44

An outline of human neuroethology.  

PubMed

Neuroethology is concerned with the analysis of neural substrates and mechanisms that underlie invariant forms of species-typical behavior. The aim of this outline is to delineate in an evolutionary perspective some specific human functional brain states and mechanisms which form the foundation of homo-typical behavior and experience. Dreaming, as one example, is considered to belong to the universals of human experience. Another example is the repertoire of human emotion and mental phenomena evoked by the electrical stimulation of the human limbic system. The expression of emotions by vocal behavior gains momentum in man and is based on certain transformations of the CNS that were fundamental for the emergence of speech. The phonemes in speech are the species-typical articulatory gestures for which a special decoding device is required. This innate mechanism may have features in common with the vocal signal decoding mechanism of subhuman primates. PMID:3350704

Ploog, D

1988-01-01

45

Revenge after trauma: Theoretical outline  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Tis chapter focuses on revenge, a somewhat neglected psychological phenomenon ofen occurring in the context of embitterment\\u000a that has been observed to be associated with traumatization and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Recent theoretical approaches\\u000a to and research findings on revenge and its specific relationship to embitterment phenomena are summarized, and therapeutic\\u000a implications are discussed. The main objective of the chapter

Ira Gäbler; Andreas Maercker

46

Unit Outline For Environmental Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

I call this my Environmental Issues Exercise. It begins when students are introduced to terms and concepts necessary to the understanding of ecology. This is followed by a study of natural environmental cycles and relationships that are an integral part of understanding the unit. Sampling techniques are introduced and sampling equipment constructed. We plan and go on a camping trip to the Big South Fork National River and Recreational Area. Upon returning to the classroom students prepare a written report complete with objectives and conclusions. The concluding activity requires teams of students to select two streams from our local area that represent two contrasting situations. Reports are written by each team. Many scenarios are discussed as are possible results of each situation. We discuss forest harvesting practices, landfills, farming, industrial impacts, mining, nuclear wastes, and city runoff.

BEGIN:VCARD VERSION:2.1 FN:Unit Outline For Environmental Study N:Outline For Environmental Study;Unit ORG:Clarkrange High School REV:2005-04-13 END:VCARD

1995-06-30

47

Iran outlines oil productive capacity  

SciTech Connect

National Iranian Oil Co. (NIOC) tested production limits last month to prove a claim of 4 million bd capacity made at September's meeting of the organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Onshore fields account for 3.6 million bd of the total, with offshore fields providing the rest. NIOC plans to expand total capacity to 4.5 million bd by April 1993, consisting of 4 million b/d onshore and 500,000 b/d offshore. Middle East Economic Survey says questions remain about completion dates for gas injection, drilling, and offshore projects, but expansion targets are attainable within the scheduled time. NIOC said some slippage may be unavoidable, but it is confident the objective will be reached by third quarter 1993 at the latest. More than 60 rigs are working or about to be taken under contract to boost development drilling in onshore fields and provide gas injection in some. NIOC has spent $3.2 billion in foreign exchange on the drilling program in the last 2 1/2 years.

Not Available

1992-11-09

48

Integrated Laboratory Demonstrations of Multi-Object Adaptive Optics on a Simulated 10 Meter Telescope at Visible Wavelengths  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One important frontier for astronomical adaptive optics (AO) involves methods such as multi-object AO and multi-conjugate AO that have the potential to give a significantly larger field of view than conventional AO techniques. A second key emphasis over the next decade will be to push astronomical AO to visible wavelengths. We have conducted the first laboratory simulations of wide-field, laser guide star AO at visible wavelengths on a 10 m class telescope. These experiments, utilizing the UCO/Lick Observatory's multi-object/laser tomographic adaptive optics (MOAO/LTAO) test bed, demonstrate new techniques in wave front sensing and control that are crucial to future on-sky MOAO systems. We (1) test and confirm the feasibility of highly accurate atmospheric tomography with laser guide stars, (2) demonstrate key innovations allowing open-loop operation of Shack-Hartmann wave front sensors (with errors of ˜30 nm) as will be needed for MOAO, and (3) build a complete error budget model describing system performance. The AO system maintains a performance of 32.4% Strehl ratio on-axis, with 24.5% and 22.6% at 10? and 15?, respectively, at a science wavelength of 710 nm (R-band) over the equivalent of 0.8 s of simulation. The mean ensquared energy on-axis in a 50 mas spaxel is 46%. The off-axis Strehl ratios are obtained at radial separations 2-3 times the isoplanatic angle of the atmosphere at 710 nm. The MOAO-corrected field of view is ˜25 times larger in area than that limited by anisoplanatism at R-band. The error budget we assemble is composed almost entirely of terms verified through independent, empirical experiments, with minimal parameterization of theoretical models. We find that error terms arising from calibration inaccuracies and optical drift are comparable in magnitude to traditional terms like fitting error and tomographic error. This makes a strong case for implementing additional calibration facilities in future AO systems, including accelerometers on powered optics, three-dimensional turbulators, telescopes, and laser guide star simulators, and external calibration ports for deformable mirrors. These laboratory demonstrations add strong credibility to the implementation of on-sky demonstrators of laser tomographic adaptive optics (LTAO) on 5-10 m telescopes in the coming years.

Ammons, S. Mark; Johnson, Luke; Laag, Edward A.; Kupke, Renate; Gavel, Donald T.; Bauman, Brian J.; Max, Claire E.

2010-05-01

49

Representing Value as Digital Object: A Discussion of Transferability and Anonymity; Digital Library Initiatives of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft; CrossRef Turns One; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes four articles that discuss the use of digital objects to represent value in a network environment; digital library initiatives at the central public funding organization for academic research in Germany; an application of the Digital Object Identifier System; and the Web site of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. (LRW)

Kahn, Robert E.; Lyons, Patrice A.; Brahms, Ewald; Brand, Amy; van den Bergen, Mieke

2001-01-01

50

Integrating Laboratory Activity into a Junior High School Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a wind power system laboratory activity and an outline for evaluating student performance in this activity. The work described here was to design and implement the laboratory to assist teachers in achieving the teaching objective of this activity. The laboratory teaching activities introduce energy sources, wind energy…

Shyr, Wen-Jye

2010-01-01

51

Intercomparison of Measurements on Ear Protectors by Subjective and Objective Test Methods (NPL (National Physical Laboratory) Results),  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An intercomparison involving five laboratories was carried out under the auspices of the Community Bureau of Reference of the European Economic Community, with NPL acting as the central coordinating laboratory. The purpose of the intercomparison was to qu...

M. S. Shipton

1987-01-01

52

Digital Forensics II: Course Outline and Syllabus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance (CSSIA) provides this zip file with a course outline and syllabus document for an advanced computer forensics course. The syllabus is a sample one, which could be adapted to suit any course on this topic. It includes information about the course, required textbook and other materials, course goals, outline, classroom policies and grading policies. An additional document with a course outline is also included in the zip file.

2013-07-24

53

Interactive Outlining: An Improved Approach Using Active Contours  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of our work is to outline objects on images in an interactive environment. We use an improved method based on energy minimizing active contours or `snakes.' Kass et al., proposed a variational technique; Amini used dynamic programming; and Williams and Shah introduced a fast, greedy algorithm. We combine the advantages of the latter two methods in a two-stage

Dirk Daneels; David Van Campenhout; Wayne Niblack; William Equitz; Ron Barber; Erwin Bellon; Freddy Fierens

1993-01-01

54

COURSE OUTLINE FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE OBJECTIVE OF THE 16-MODULE COURSE OUTLINED IN THIS GUIDE IS TO HELP TEACHERS PREPARE FORMER FARMERS, HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUTS AND GRADUATES, AND UNEMPLOYED, AND EMPLOYED PERSONS FOR OCCUPATIONAL ENTRY AS AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SETUP MEN, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, MECHANICS, PARTS MEN, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS. IT WAS DEVELOPED BY A NATIONAL TASK FORCE ON…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

55

An Outline of Issues/Design in the Reading Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that it is vital to pay careful attention to designing the reading curriculum, this document outlines the following issues: objectives in reading curriculum; learning activities; methods of teaching; assessment of student achievement; supervision in the reading curriculum; and philosophy of evaluation. Questions which arise pertaining to…

Ediger, Marlow

56

Learning From the Polar Past: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Learning from the Polar Past issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica; Brannon, Nancy

57

Energy and the Polar Environment: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Energy and the Polar Environment issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

58

Disaster Recovery Course Outline and Syllabus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance (CSSIA) provides this zip file with a course outline and syllabus for a disaster recovery course. The syllabus is a sample one, which could be adapted to suit any course on this topic. The course outline includes a more in depth description of the topics covered in this type of class.

2013-07-05

59

Arctic and Antarctic Birds: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Arctic and Antarctic Birds issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica; Shiverdecker, Terry

60

Water, Ice, and Snow: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Water, Ice, and Snow issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

61

Electrical Trades. Suggested Basic Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course outline is intended to assist vocational instructors in developing and teaching a course in the electrical trades. Addressed in the individual sections of the outline are the following topics: orientation (a course overview, job orientation, safety, first aid, and Vocational Industrial Clubs of America); basic skills (mathematics,…

Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Vocational Instructional Services.

62

Peoples of the Arctic: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Peoples of the Arctic issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

63

Certified Professional Secretary Examination. Outline and Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This outline and bibliography were prepared by the Institute for Certifying Secretaries, a department of Professional Secretaries International, as a means of acquainting candidates and educators with the Certified Professional Secretary Examination. The first section of the guide outlines six sections of the test, explaining what is tested and…

Professional Secretaries International, Kansas City, MO.

64

Printing Trades. Suggested Basic Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course outline is intended to assist vocational instructors in developing and teaching a course in the printing trades. The outline, which has been written in accordance with the block progressive method of teaching, addresses the following areas: orientation (a course overview, youth leadership, and theory); layout and design (type, format,…

Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Vocational Instructional Services.

65

Outline for a History of Science Measurement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Points out that no history of measurement exists in the literature and outlines such history. Discusses the nature of science and technology statistics and shows that their specificity is due to the sociopolitics that drives measurement. (Contains 114 references.) (DDR)

Godin, Benoit

2002-01-01

66

Objectives and Preparing Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concepts behind, and construction of, specific behavioral objectives are examined as steps that are preliminary to evaluating student performance through tests. A taxonomy of educational objectives and guidelines in preparing them are outlined in detail. (MSE)

Purohit, Anal A.; Bober, Kenneth F.

1984-01-01

67

X-ray astronomy in the laboratory with a miniature compact object produced by laser-driven implosion  

Microsoft Academic Search

X-ray spectroscopy is an important tool for understanding the extreme photoionization processes that drive the behaviour of non-thermal equilibrium plasmas in compact astrophysical objects such as black holes. Even so, the distance of these objects from the Earth and the inability to control or accurately ascertain the conditions that govern their behaviour makes it difficult to interpret the origin of

Shinsuke Fujioka; Hideaki Takabe; Norimasa Yamamoto; David Salzmann; Feilu Wang; Hiroaki Nishimura; Yutong Li; Quanli Dong; Shoujun Wang; Yi Zhang; Yong-Joo Rhee; Yong-Woo Lee; Jae-Min Han; Minoru Tanabe; Takashi Fujiwara; Yuto Nakabayashi; Gang Zhao; Jie Zhang; Kunioki Mima

2009-01-01

68

Arthropod Tissue Culture. A Brief Outline of Its Development and Descriptions of Several of Its Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development of arthropod tissue culture is outlined, with emphasis placed on lines of cells continuously propagated. Several results using this new laboratory tool at NAMRU-2, such as for arbovirus and microfilarial development, are presented. Example...

E. C. Suitor

1966-01-01

69

Diamond Drilling Specification Manual and Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the standards required of a person practicing diamond drilling in western Canada and provides an outline for teaching the skills and knowledge. It is divided into two parts. The Diamond Drilling Specification Manual establishes the levels of skill and knowledge required in the four certified levels of diamond drilling.…

British Columbia Dept. of Education, Victoria.

70

Avionics. Progress Record and Theory Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This combination progress record and course outline is designed for use by individuals teaching a course in avionics that is intended to prepare students for employment in the field of aerospace electronics. Included among the topics addressed in the course are the following: shop practices, aircraft and the theory of flight, electron physics,…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Div. of Vocational-Technical Schools.

71

Automobile Course. Progress Record and Theory Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This combination progress record and course outline is designed for use by individuals teaching a course in automobile repair. Included among the topics addressed in the course are the following: shop safety, engines, fuel and exhaust systems, electrical systems, crankcase lubrication systems, cooling systems, power transmission systems, steering…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Div. of Vocational-Technical Schools.

72

New Laboratory-Based Optical Functions of Cosmic Abundance Glass: Comparison to “Astronomical Silicates” and Application to Post-AGB Object HD 161796  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Complex refractive indices (optical functions) for amorphous silicates are used to model and interpret a wide variety of astrophysical environments including H II regions, circumstellar dust around evolved stars and in disks around young stellar objects (YSOs), and active galactic nuclei (AGN). However, the most widely-used optical functions in the literature have been derived using compositionally and structurally disparate materials, and were prepared with inconsistent methodology, kludging observational data and laboratory data with different experimental methods to populate the wavelength space. Furthermore, these previous optical functions often include portions derived from astronomical observations rather than laboratory spectra. New quantitative laboratory data are available to build up wavelength coverage for amorphous silicates in a more systematic way. We present optical functions and extinction cross-sections derived from mid-UV to far-IR laboratory transmission spectra of cosmic abundance silicate glass. The advantages of using these data are that our glass sample was synthesized especially with cosmic (solar) abundances in mind and excludes iron. We compare these results to other popular optical functions used to model amorphous silicates (e.g., “astronomical” or “cosmic” silicate by Draine & Lee 1984, Draine 2003, Ossenkopf et al. 1992), both directly and in application to HD 161796, a spherically symmetric, O-rich system with a visible central star, optically thin dust shell, and radiation field intermediate to AGB and PN class targets. The new cosmic silicate optical functions have much lower UV-vis and NIR opacity than the traditionally used functions necessitating significantly more dust (1 or 2 orders of magnitude for mass) to model an object like HD 161796. Furthermore, the lower opacity has an impact on the fraction of crystalline material needed to match the observed spectrum. Previous models produced using older optical functions will underestimate the dust mass and overestimate the importance of crystalline silicates. This work is supported through NSF AST-1009544 and NASA APRA04-000-0041.

Speck, Angela; Pitman, K. M.; Hofmeister, A. M.; Whittington, A. G.

2013-06-01

73

Leadership and Stewardship of the Laboratory (Objective 4.1) Notable Outcome - Phase II Alternative Analysis and PNNL Site Plan Recommendation  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and the Pacific Northwest Site Office (PNSO) have recently completed an effort to identify the current state of the campus and gaps that exist with regards to space needs, facilities and infrastructure. This effort has been used to establish a campus strategy to ensure PNNL is ready to further the United States (U.S.) Department of Energy (DOE) mission. Ten-year business projections and the impacts on space needs were assessed and incorporated into the long-term facility plans. In identifying/quantifying the space needs for PNNL, the following categories were addressed: Multi-purpose Programmatic (wet chemistry and imaging laboratory space), Strategic (Systems Engineering and Computation Analytics, and Collaboration space), Remediation (space to offset the loss of the Research Technology Laboratory [RTL] Complex due to decontamination and demolition), and Optimization (the exit of older and less cost-effective facilities). The findings of the space assessment indicate a need for wet chemistry space, imaging space, and strategic space needs associated with systems engineering and collaboration space. Based on the analysis, a 10-year campus strategy evolved that balanced four strategic objectives, as directed by the DOE Office of Science (DOE-SC): • Mission Alignment - maintain customer satisfaction • Reasonable & Achievable - do what makes sense from a practical and cost perspective • Campus Continuity - increase the federal control of assets and follow the Campus Master Plan • Guiding Principles - modern, collaborative, flexible, and sustainable. This strategy considered the following possible approaches to meet the identified space needs: • Institutional General Plant Project (IGPP) funded projects • Third party leased facilities • Science Laboratory Infrastructure (SLI) line item funded projects. Pairing the four strategic objectives with additional key metrics as criteria for selection, an initial recommendation was made to DOE-SC to use all three funding mechanisms to deliver the mission need. DOE-SC provided feedback that third party facilities are not to be pursued at this time. The decision was made by DOE that an IGPP-funded program would be the base plan, while retaining the possibility of a 2019 SLI-funded project. The SLI project will be designed to deliver significant impact on science and technology (S&T) and support the development of a modern, synergistic core campus where a collaborative and innovative environment is fostered. The specific scientific impact will be further defined in the 2015 and 2016 Annual Laboratory Plans. Additionally, opportunities will be explored to construct annexes on current federal facilities, including the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), if proven synergistic and cost effective. The final result of this effort is an actionable, flexible plan with scope, schedule, and cost targets for individual acquisition projects. Implemented as planned, the result will increase federal ownership by approximately 15 percent, reduce the operating cost by approximately 7 percent, and reduce the geographic facility footprint by approximately 66,000 gross square feet (GSF). Reduction of surplus space will be addressed while maintaining customer satisfaction, lowering operating costs, reducing the campus footprint, and increasing the federal control of assets. This strategy is documented in PNNL’s 2014 Laboratory Plan.

Pittman, Jeffery P.; Cassidy, Stephen R.; Mosey, Whitney LC; Leitz, Erlan M.; Oukrop, Lanson J.

2013-07-31

74

Scientists Outline Volcanic Ash Risks to Aviation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ash clouds that belched out of Iceland's Eyjafjallajökull volcano last spring and dispersed over much of Europe, temporarily paralyzing aviation, were vast smoke signal warnings about the hazard that volcanic ash poses for air traffic around the world. At a 15 December news briefing at the AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, two experts with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) presented an overview of the damage airplanes can sustain from rock fragment- and mineral fragment-laden ash, an update on efforts to mitigate the hazard of ash, and an outline of further measures that are needed to address the problem. Between 1953 and 2009, there were 129 reported encounters of aircraft with volcanic ash clouds, according to a newly released USGS document cited at the briefing. The report, “Encounters of aircraft with volcanic ash clouds: A compilation of known incidents, 1953-2009,” by Marianne Guffanti, Thomas Casadevall, and Karin Budding, indicates that 26 encounters involved significant damage to the airplanes; nine of those incidents resulted in engine shutdown during flight. The report, which does not focus on the effects on airplanes of cumulative exposure to dilute ash and does not include data since 2009, indicates that “ash clouds continue to pose substantial risks to safe and efficient air travel globally.”

Showstack, Randy

2011-01-01

75

Communication Systems. Laboratory Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This communication systems guide provides teachers with learning activities for secondary students. Introductory materials include an instructional planning outline and worksheet, an outline of essential elements, a list of objectives, a course description, and a content outline. The guide contains 32 modules on the following topics: story…

Sutherland, Barbara, Ed.

76

Object Oriented Learning Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We apply the object oriented software engineering (OOSE) design methodology for software objects (SOs) to learning objects (LOs). OOSE extends and refines design principles for authoring dynamic reusable LOs. Our learning object class (LOC) is a template from which individualised LOs can be dynamically created for, or by, students. The properties…

Morris, Ed

2005-01-01

77

Carpentry Performance Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guidelines for carpentry performance objectives were written for vocational educators in order to insure that their programs are fulfilling the training requirements of today's job market. The document outlines eight uses of performance objectives and provides sample employability profiles, training achievement records, and a carpentry…

Day, Gerald F.; Tucker, John

78

How to Teach Chess in the Public Schools: A Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational objectives and course outlines for beginning, intermediate, and advanced chess instruction in elementary and secondary schools are provided. Objectives are that students will develop analytical, synthetic, and decision-making skills, learn to engage in thorough chess research that will enhance their ability to do any research, and gain…

Schmidt, Bernard

79

Curriculum Outline for Introduction to Engineering Chemistry. First Edition. Review Cycle-Annual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum outline consists of behavioral objectives (called terminal and enabling objectives) for Introduction to Engineering Chemistry, a one-semester, post-secondary course consisting of four 1-hour lectures each week. Course goal is to introduce marine engineering students to the rudiments of basic/introductory inorganic chemistry. The…

Schlenker, Richard M.

80

A Course Outline in Geriatric Care: A Trainee Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A course outline on geriatric care was developed to assist professional nurses in caring for the elderly patient in the general hospital setting. The course outline was developed through an extensive review of literature and through the development and di...

E. Woodcock

1972-01-01

81

The Aware Home: A Living Laboratory for Ubiquitous Computing Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are building a home, called the Aware Home, to create a living laboratory for research in ubiquitous computing for everyday activities. This paper introduces the Aware Home project and outlines some of our technology- and human-centered research objectives in creating the Aware Home.

Cory D. Kidd; Robert Orr; Gregory D. Abowd; Christopher G. Atkeson; Irfan A. Essa; Blair Macintyre; Elizabeth D. Mynatt; Thad E. Starner; Wendy Newstetter

1999-01-01

82

Effects of Electronic Outlining on Students' Argumentative Writing Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effect of electronic outlining on the quality of students' writing products and how outlining affects perceived mental effort during the writing task. Additionally, it was studied how students appropriate and appreciate an outline tool and whether they need explicit instruction in order to engage in planning. To answer…

de Smet, M. J. R.; Broekkamp, H.; Brand-Gruwel, S.; Kirschner, P. A.

2011-01-01

83

Student Outlines Teaching Students to Organize Their Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two years ago I implemented a basic outline of each class for my students to take notes on for Calculus II at the United States Military Academy. The outline provided students with a shell of the class material for each day of class. Their job was to fill in the shell as we went through the material. The outlines provided students an easy method…

Burt, Derek

2006-01-01

84

PBF (PER620) interior, basement level. Concrete wall shows outline of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

PBF (PER-620) interior, basement level. Concrete wall shows outline of reactor basin. Sign says, "Flashing Light - Reactor On - Evacuate Area." Date: May 2004. INEEL negative no. HD-41-5-3 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, SPERT-I & Power Burst Facility Area, Scoville, Butte County, ID

85

Global Geospace Science/Polar Plasma Laboratory: POLAR  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Global Geospace Science (GGS) Project is discussed as part of the International Solar-Terrestrial Physics (ISTP) Science Initiative. The objectives of Polar Plasma Laboratory (POLAR), one of the two spacecraft to be used by the Project to fill critical gaps in the scientific understanding of solar and plasma physics, are outlined. POLAR Laboratory is described, along with POLAR instrumentation, support subsystems, and orbits. Launch vehicle and injection into orbit are also addressed.

1996-01-01

86

Outline of the ELI-Beamlines facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ELI-Beamlines will be a high-energy, repetition-rate laser pillar of the ELI (Extreme Light Infrastructure) project. It will be an international facility for both academic and applied research, slated to provide user capability since the beginning of 2016. The main objective of the ELI-Beamlines Project is delivery of ultra-short high-energy pulses for the generation and applications of high-brightness X-ray sources and accelerated particles. The laser system will be delivering pulses with length ranging between 10 and 150 fs and will provide high-energy petawatt and 10-PW peak powers. For high-field physics experiments it will be able to provide focused intensities attaining 1024 Wcm-2, while this value can be upgraded in a later phase without the need to upgrade the building infrastructure. In this paper we describe the overall conception and layout of the designed ELI-Beamlines facility, and review some essential elements of the design.

Rus, B.; Batysta, F.; ?áp, J.; Divoký, M.; Fibrich, M.; Griffiths, M.; Haley, R.; Havlí?ek, T.; Hlavác, M.; H?ebí?ek, J.; Homer, P.; H?íbek, P.; Jand'Ourek, J.; Juha, L.; Korn, G.; Korouš, P.; Košelja, M.; Kozlová, M.; Kramer, D.; Kr?s, M.; Lagron, J. C.; Limpouch, J.; Macfarlane, L.; Malý, M.; Margarone, D.; Matlas, P.; Mindl, L.; Moravec, J.; Mocek, T.; Nejdl, J.; Novák, J.; Olšovcová, V.; Palatka, M.; Perin, J. P.; Pešlo, M.; Polan, J.; Prok?pek, J.; ?ídký, J.; Rohlena, K.; R?ži?ka, V.; Sawicka, M.; Scholzová, L.; Snopek, D.; Strkula, P.; Švéda, L.

2011-05-01

87

Hardening and Securing Linux OS Syllabus and Course Outline  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance (CSSIA) provides this zip file with a course outline and syllabus document for a course on hardening and securing Linux OS. The syllabus is a sample one, which could be adapted to suit any course on this topic. It includes information about the course, required textbook, course goals, outline, classroom policies and grading policies. An additional document with a detailed course outline is also included in the zip file.

2013-07-25

88

Basic Science Process Skills. An Inservice Workshop Kit: Outlines and Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A science process skill project was developed to help elementary teachers meet competency standards in New Mexico for teaching the process approach in their science classes. An outline of the process skills along with recommended activities are presented in this document. Performance objectives are identified and a sample activity form is…

Rowland, Paul; And Others

89

Climate Change and the Polar Regions: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Climate Change and the Polar Regions issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and Grades 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

90

26 CFR 1.338-0 - Outline of topics.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Revenue 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Outline of topics. 1.338-0 Section 1.338-0 Internal Revenue...TAXES Effects on Corporation § 1.338-0 Outline of topics. This section lists the captions contained in the...

2010-04-01

91

View of fourth level platform from north. Note the outline ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of fourth level platform from north. Note the outline of the Shuttle cargo bay and wing formed by the edge of the platforms. - Marshall Space Flight Center, Saturn V Dynamic Test Facility, East Test Area, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

92

An Inquiry into Testing of Information Retrieval Systems. Part I: Objectives, Methodology, Design, and Controls. Comparative Systems Laboratory Final Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Comparative Systems Laboratory (CSL) proposed to deal with the problem of testing retrieval systems by examining a number of processes involved in such systems, with particular attention to the human factor. It is hoped that the results of the project will be useful in refining methodologies for experimentation with information retrieval (IR)…

Saracevic, Tefko; And Others

93

Method of measurement with high-speed external diameter outline  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Defect of external outlines of wire rods which running at speed of 100 m/s need be measured in process of production which high-speed wire rods in iron and steel industry. At present, it adopts mainly method of rotation which measure section shape. This article will introduce a kind of disposal plan which high-speed camera and picture by multi- detector. This article will analyze that number of calculation detectors and range of measurement which defect of outline, and advantages and disadvantages which in comparison rotation plan with multi-detector plan. It proved the accuracy of the analysis by simulated test.

Liu, Baoying; Chen, Bingsheng; Shi, Kun

1999-11-01

94

Objectives and Current Status of the IAEA Network of Centers of Excellence: Training in and Demonstration of Waste Disposal Technologies in Underground Research Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

Underground Research Laboratories (URLs) to develop and demonstrate technologies for the safe geologic disposal of radioactive wastes have been established for national purposes by several Member States of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Under the auspices of the IAEA, nationally developed URLs and associated research institutions are being offered for use by other nations. These facilities form a Network of Centers of Excellence for training in and development of waste disposal technologies. Experience gained in the operation of the facilities, and through associated experimentation and demonstrations, will be transferred to participating Member States through hands-on work at the facilities. The Network consists of Network Members and Network Participants who share co-operative activities. Network Members are owners of facilities who have offered them to be part of the Network. At this time there are eight Members consisting of six underground facilities, a laboratory, and a university. Network Participants can potentially come from any interested IAEA Member State having spent nuclear fuel for disposal, with or without an established program for geologic disposal. There are presently about 15 Network Participants. A significant Network activity beginning in 2003 will be a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on characterization and evaluation of swelling clays for use in engineered barrier systems of geologic repositories. At the end of this project, every involved Member State should be able to identify and characterize a swelling clay that is suitable for use in a geologic repository. As the Network grows, additional CRPs to be carried out in the Underground Research Facilities of the Network Members will be defined.

Bell, M. J.; Knapp, M. R.

2003-02-27

95

ESSENTIALS OF MERCHANDISING, A SUGGESTED ADULT DISTRIBUTIVE EDUCATION COURSE OUTLINE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS OUTLINE FOR A COURSE IN THE ESSENTIALS OF MERCHANDISING IS DESIGNED FOR THE INEXPERIENCED RETAIL EMPLOYEE. THE COURSE IS PLANNED FOR SIX 2-HOUR SESSIONS ON (1) FUNDAMENTALS OF MERCHANDISING, (2) TERMINOLOGY AND MATHEMATICS OF MERCHANDISING, (3) BUYING POLICIES AND PRACTICES, (4) MARKET REPRESENTATIVES, (5) TERMS OF PURCHASE, INCLUDING…

MARKMAN, STANLEY

96

The Teaching Artist Field: A Multidimensional History in Outline  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching artists work in a field with a long, rich history, and many roots and strands of development. One of TAJ's roles is to try to make this history more accessible and useful to working teaching artists. In this article, the author outlines the evolution of teaching artistry in the United States.

Tannenbaum, Judith

2011-01-01

97

Teaching Health Statistics: Lesson and Seminar Outlines. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a selection of 23 lesson and seminar outlines designed to encourage the teaching of health statistics. It concentrates on a core of statistical knowledge judged important for all categories of health trainees, including medical students. Emphasis is placed on statistical principles and methods that can help health personnel make…

Lwanga, S. K., Ed.; Tye, Cho-Yook, Ed.; Ayeni, O., Ed.

98

An Outline for Teaching Conservation in Elementary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlined in this guide is an approach to the teaching of environmental conservation as an integral part of all subjects in the elementary school curriculum. It stresses the relationship between man and his physical-biological environment in a social-cultural context. Field study is encouraged while emphasis is given to providing opportunities for…

Soil Conservation Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

99

Telemarketing. Curriculum Guides & Content Outlines for Telemarketing: Telemarketing Specialist.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide and content outline for the telemarketing specialist contains seven sections: (1) specialized telemarketing tasks; (2) telemarketing selling skills; (3) marketing tasks; (4) business-related tasks; (5) business-specific tasks; (6) personnel/human resources related; and (7) communications and minimum skill tasks. Each section…

Shepard, Del

100

Danish Didactics: An Outline of History and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This outline of didactical research in Denmark begins with a consideration of the application of the concept of didactics in Denmark and then describes the role of Danish teachers over the last two centuries. Three historical contributions to Danish didactics are identified, and the didactic theory of C. A. Larsen is discussed. Some developmental…

Nordenbo, Sven Erik

1997-01-01

101

Understanding affect in design: an outline conceptual framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an outline conceptual framework that may be helpful for those involved in the emerging area of ‘affective design’. Historically, the shift from cognitive approaches that eschewed emotions towards a more encompassing conceptual approach that includes affective or emotive processes is understandable. A basic understanding of concepts such as affect and emotion are required in order to address

Annette Aboulafia; Liam J. Bannon

2004-01-01

102

Public Library Space Needs: A Planning Outline. Bulletin No. 8210.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This nine-step outline is designed for use by librarians and library trustees in obtaining a general estimate of their library's space needs and for initiating a more comprehensive, detailed facilities planning process. Identifiable spatial requirements to be assessed include space for collections, user seating, staff work, meetings, special use,…

Dahlgren, Anders C.

103

Apprentice Outline. Piping Trades PH1. Pipehanger Theory I (Marine).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course outline is designed for use in teaching apprentice pipehangers how to use various installation procedures needed to install hangers aboard submarines. Addressed in the individual units of the course are the following topics: job preparation, job verification, material verification, weld preparation, fit-up, inspection of completed…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Div. of Vocational-Technical Schools.

104

Assistant Chef Program. Curriculum Outline, Orientation, Safety and Sanitation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructor materials are provided for an assistant chef program intended for English as a second language (ESL) or bilingual (Spanish speaking) students. A curriculum outline includes a listing of the tasks to be mastered in the program. Other contents include key terms from the production and service area of food service in the areas of…

Saint Augustine Coll., Chicago, IL.

105

Precision Sheet Metal. Progress Record and Theory Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This combination progress record and course outline is designed for use by individuals teaching a course in precision sheet metal. Included among the topics addressed in the course are the following: employment opportunities in metalworking, measurement and layout, orthographic projection, precision sheet metal drafting, simple layout, hand tools,…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Div. of Vocational-Technical Schools.

106

Swallowed Object  

MedlinePLUS

... toys, coins, safety pins, buttons, bones, wood, glass, magnets, batteries or other foreign objects. Problems may arise ... toys, coins, safety pins, buttons, bones, wood, glass, magnets, batteries or other foreign objects. These objects often ...

107

Laboratory Determination of Hydraulic Conductivity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From D.B. McWhorterand D. K. Sunda's 1977 Ground-Water Hydrology and Hydraulics, this two page excerpt outlines and details Laboratory Determination of Hydraulic Conductivity. Here, visitors will find illustrations and formula to understand the concept.

2008-02-07

108

Microscope objectives.  

PubMed

The objective is the most crucial image-forming component of a microscope. A knowledge of the many types of objectives available and their characteristics is critical to the selection of appropriate objectives for image cytometry. This unit discusses aberrations in image formation and their correction, construction, and types of objectives, and objectives for other microscopy applications, explaining the advantages and limitations of each one. PMID:21965106

LoBiondo, Joseph; Abramowitz, Mortimer; Friedman, Marc M

2011-10-01

109

Near Earth Object Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NASA's Near Earth Object Program Office at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) offers this Webpage (for another similar page from JPL, see the March 13, 1998 Scout Report for Science & Engineering) containing relevant information on Near Earth Objects (NEO). The site includes current tables with tracking data for potentially hazardous asteroids and their approaches towards earth, detailed information of recent NEO discoveries, and images of the objects themselves. An FAQ section and a variety of related links are also available here.

110

Teaching Reading Through Instructional Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of three videotapes were prepared to provide inservice training for teachers in the area of instructional objectives in the teaching of reading. This booklet is designed to accompany the tapes. It describes the background of the television teacher, Dr. John McNeil, and gives an introduction to the series, the program's goals, an outline

McNeil, John

111

Metadata For Digital Preservation: The Cedars Outline Specification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cedars Project, a Higher Education initiative funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee, based at Oxford, Cambridge, and the University of Leeds, has posted online its "outline specification for metadata to ensure long-term preservation for digital materials." The 33-page .pdf document details the Project's approach to preserving data as part of the Cedars Demonstrator Project and serves "to contribute on a strategic level to the international collaborative development of a standard specification for digital preservation metadata." This draft version has been made available for public commentary; the final version is due out this summer.

112

Outline of cost-benefit analysis and a case study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The methodology of cost-benefit analysis is reviewed and a case study involving solar cell technology is presented. Emphasis is placed on simplifying the technique in order to permit a technical person not trained in economics to undertake a cost-benefit study comparing alternative approaches to a given problem. The role of economic analysis in management decision making is discussed. In simplifying the methodology it was necessary to restrict the scope and applicability of this report. Additional considerations and constraints are outlined. Examples are worked out to demonstrate the principles. A computer program which performs the computational aspects appears in the appendix.

Kellizy, A.

1978-01-01

113

Electricity/Electronics Systems. Laboratory Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This electricity/electronics guide provides teachers with learning activities for secondary students. Introductory materials include an instructional planning outline and worksheet, an outline of essential elements, a list of objectives, a course description, and a content outline. The guide contains 35 modules on the following topics: electrical…

Sutherland, Barbara, Ed.

114

Outline of a new approach to the analysis of complex systems and decision processes.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Development of a conceptual framework for dealing with systems which are too complex or too ill-defined to admit of precise quantitative analysis. The approach outlined is based on the premise that the key elements in human thinking are not numbers, but labels of fuzzy sets - i.e., classes of objects in which the transition from membership to nonmembership is gradual rather than abrupt. The approach in question has three main distinguishing features - namely, the use of so-called 'linguistic' variables in place of or in addition to numerical variables, the characterization of simple relations between variables by conditional fuzzy statements, and the characterization of complex relations by fuzzy algorithms.

Zadeh, L. A.

1973-01-01

115

Safer Science: Laboratory Relocation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The movement of hazardous chemicals found in high school science laboratories and chemical storerooms can be risky business due to the increased likelihood of an accidental spill, contamination, or other type of mishap. Prudent safety planning and practice need to be addressed in order to eliminate or minimize the potential for chemical incidents. Giving thought to the guidelines outlined in this article will help initiate the process of moving chemical inventories within and between school laboratories and storerooms.

Roy, Ken

2008-10-01

116

The Laboratory Notebook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides well-organized instructions for keeping a laboratory notebook. In addition to the providing an overview of general rules and organization, the site also discusses organization of conclusions around three central types of outlines for measurement experiments, synthesis experiments and reporting of physical phenomena.

2010-06-25

117

Objective lens  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An objective lens and a method for using same. The objective lens has a first end, a second end, and a plurality of optical elements. The optical elements are positioned between the first end and the second end and are at least substantially symmetric about a plane centered between the first end and the second end.

Olczak, Eugene G. (Inventor)

2011-01-01

118

Cognitive Objects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflecting on obsessional play objects of infants, Hodgkin suggests that a proper understanding of these "transitional" or "cognitive" objects could lead to an educational model of a "learner" involving a number of human competencies, all developing synergistically. Contends that such a model may be truer to life than the more unified and…

Hodgkin, Robin A.

1988-01-01

119

Verification of 2D building outlines using oblique airborne images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oblique airborne images are interesting not only for visualization but also for the acquisition and updating of geo-spatial vector data. This is because side views of vertical structures, such as buildings, are present in those images. In recent years, techniques for automatic verification of building outlines have been proposed. These techniques utilized color, texture and height from vertical images or range data while oblique images contain façade information that can also be used to identify buildings. This paper presents a methodology to verify 2D building outlines in a cadastral dataset by using oblique airborne images. The method searches for clues such as building edges, wall façade edges and texture. The 2D clues in images taken from different perspectives but expected to contain the same wall are transformed to 3D, combined and used for a verification of the particular wall. Unlike methods that use vertical images or LIDAR, walls are verified individually and then the results are combined for the building. We compare three methods for combining wall-based evidence. Experiments using almost 700 buildings show that best results are obtained using Adaptive Boosting where - with a bias for better identification of demolished buildings - 100% of demolished buildings are identified and 91% of existing buildings are confirmed. The other two methods are Random Trees and a variant of the Dempster-Shafer approach combined with fuzzy reasoning and they only show some minor differences to the Adaptive Boosting result. The research as presented in this paper demonstrates the potential of oblique images, but some further work has to be done, including the identification of modified buildings and the extension towards verification of 3D building models.

Nyaruhuma, Adam Patrick; Gerke, Markus; Vosselman, George; Mtalo, Elifuraha Gerald

2012-07-01

120

DOE (Department of Energy) nuclear weapon R and T (research, development, and testing): Objectives, roles, and responsibilities  

SciTech Connect

An overview of the DOE nuclear weapons research, development, and testing program is given along with a description of the program objectives and the roles and responsibilities of the various involved organizations. The relationship between the DoD and DOE is described and the division of responsibilities for weapon development as well as the coordinated planning and acquisition activities are reviewed. Execution of the RD T program at the nuclear weapons laboratories is outlined. 24 refs., 3 figs.

Otey, G.R.

1989-07-01

121

Toolbox Learning Object Repository  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Toolbox Repository is a bank of learning objects available for teachers and trainers to download for free use with their learners. Learning objects are small chunks of e-learning content for easy download and delivery. Over 1500 learning objects supporting a range of industries, training packages and competency units are currently available in the repository. Learning objects range in size with some supporting units of competency and others at task level supporting one or more performance criteria. All of these learning objects provide the same type of engaging e-learning found in Toolboxes. Content is available for over 500 competencies and many of these learning objects can be adapted for use in different industry settings. Subject areas include: Manufacturing, Engineering, Electro-technology, Alternative Energy, Information Technology Training and Assessment, Laboratory Operations and Telecommunications.

2010-06-28

122

Trusted Objects  

SciTech Connect

In the world of computers a trusted object is a collection of possibly-sensitive data and programs that can be allowed to reside and execute on a computer, even on an adversary's machine. Beyond the scope of one computer we believe that network-based agents in high-consequence and highly reliable applications will depend on this approach, and that the basis for such objects is what we call ''faithful execution.''

CAMPBELL,PHILIP L.; PIERSON,LYNDON G.; WITZKE,EDWARD L.

1999-10-27

123

Health Care Financial Management: Curriculum Objectives and Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Curriculum objectives for health care financial management, a bibliography and examples of financial management curricula are presented. The outline of curriculum objectives identifies a core of knowledge and skills in financial management that health administration students might obtain in their academic training. The outline's content is divided…

Zelman, William N., Ed.; And Others

124

Outline of a new HTS cable project in Yokohama  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new high temperature superconducting (HTS) cable project supported by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) and the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) has just started in Japan. This project targets operation of a 66 kV, 200 MVA HTS cable in the real grid in order to verify its reliability and operation performance. The Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) provides the real grid and studies the influence of connecting the HTS cable. Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. (SEI) manufactures the HTS cable, terminations and joint. Mayekawa Mfg. Co., Ltd. provides the cooling system. This project consist of the design of a total system to be finalized in 2008, the manufacture of the cable, terminations and joint scheduled for completion in 2009, installation in spring and summer of 2010 and commissioning by the fall of 2010. The HTS cable will be connected to the real grid in the 154/66 kV substation. It is set up between the 154/66 kV transformer and the 66 kV bus line. This report shows the outline of this project and details of the influence of the connecting cable to the real grid.

Mimura, T.; Kitoh, Y.; Honjo, S.; Ohya, M.; Yumura, H.; Masuda, T.

2009-10-01

125

Defining the lung outline from a gamma camera transmission attenuation map  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Segmentation of the lung outline from gamma camera transmission images of the thorax is useful in attenuation correction and quantitative image analysis. This paper describes and compares two threshold-based methods of segmentation. Simulated gamma camera transmission images of test objects were used to produce a knowledge base of the variation of threshold defining the lung outline with image resolution and chest wall thickness. Two segmentation techniques based on global (GT) and context-sensitive (CST) thresholds were developed and evaluated in simulated transmission images of realistic thoraces. The segmented lung volumes were compared to the true values used in the simulation. The mean distances between segmented and true lung surface were calculated. The techniques were also applied to three real human subject transmission images. The lung volumes were estimated and the segmentations were compared visually. The CST segmentation produced significantly superior segmentations than the GT technique in the simulated data. In human subjects, the GT technique underestimated volumes by 13% compared to the CST technique. It missed areas that clearly belonged to the lungs. In conclusion, both techniques segmented the lungs with reasonable accuracy and precision. The CST approach was superior, particularly in real human subject images.

Fleming, John S.; Pitcairn, Gary; Newman, Stephen

2006-04-01

126

Real Estate Course Outlines--Principles, Appraisal, Finance, Law, Math, Property Management, Investments, Marketing, Brokerage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series of course outlines was developed by the Texas Real Estate Research Center to help instructors in developing courses in compliance with the Texas Real Estate License Act Section 7(a). The outlines are general in nature and designed to serve as the basis for the development of a comprehensive course outline based on the texts and…

Lyon, Robert

127

Idaho National Laboratory 2013-2022 Ten-Year Site Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Ten-Year Site Plan (TYSP) describes the strategy for accomplishing the long-term objective of transforming the laboratory to meet Department of Energy (DOE) national nuclear research and development (R&D) goals, as outlined in DOE strategic plans. The plan links R&D mission goals and INL core capabilities with infrastructure requirements (single- and multi-program), establishs the 10-year end-state vision for INL complexes, and identifies and prioritizes infrastructure needs and capability gaps. The TYSP serves as the basis for documenting and justifying infrastructure investments proposed as part of the FY 2013 budget formulation process.

Calvin Ozaki; Sheryl L. Morton; Elizabeth A. Connell; William T. Buyers; Craig L. Jacobson; Charles T. Mullen; Christopher P. Ischay; Ernest L. Fossum; Robert D. Logan

2011-06-01

128

Archimedes Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Proving that geometry can be more fun than a barrel of monkeys, Archimedes Laboratory is "an 'intuitive' puzzle site with fewer formulas and more visuals, which may encourage students learning this science or just constitute a platform for reflection." Probably the most strictly educational section of the site is Math to Discover, which contains discussions of the history of numbers and mathematical patterns, to name a few. Also of interest are the Puzzles to Make and Puzzles to Solve sections. Visitors can follow online instructions to create geometrical curiosities or browse a small selection of impossible object images.

129

Assessment of Proficiency and Competency in Laboratory Animal Biomethodologies  

PubMed Central

Personnel working with laboratory animals are required by laws and guidelines to be trained and qualified to perform biomethodologic procedures. The assessment of competency and proficiency is a vital component of a laboratory animal training program, because this process confirms that the trainees have met the learning objectives for a particular procedure. The approach toward qualification assessment differs between organizations because laws and guidelines do not outline how the assessment should be performed or which methods and tools should be used. Assessment of clinical and surgical medicine has received considerable attention over the last few decades and has progressed from simple subjective methods to well-defined and objective methods of assessing competency. Although biomethodology competency and proficiency assessment is discussed in the literature, a standard and objective assessment method has not yet been developed. The development and implementation of an objective and standardized biomethodologic assessment program can serve as a tool to improve standards, ensure consistent training, and decrease research variables yet ensure animal welfare. Here we review the definition and goals of training and assessment, review assessment methods, and propose a method to develop a standard and objective assessment program for the laboratory animal science field, particularly training departments and IACUC.

Clifford, Paula; Melfi, Natasha; Bogdanske, John; Johnson, Elizabeth J; Kehler, James; Baran, Szczepan W

2013-01-01

130

Assessment of proficiency and competency in laboratory animal biomethodologies.  

PubMed

Personnel working with laboratory animals are required by laws and guidelines to be trained and qualified to perform biomethodologic procedures. The assessment of competency and proficiency is a vital component of a laboratory animal training program, because this process confirms that the trainees have met the learning objectives for a particular procedure. The approach toward qualification assessment differs between organizations because laws and guidelines do not outline how the assessment should be performed or which methods and tools should be used. Assessment of clinical and surgical medicine has received considerable attention over the last few decades and has progressed from simple subjective methods to well-defined and objective methods of assessing competency. Although biomethodology competency and proficiency assessment is discussed in the literature, a standard and objective assessment method has not yet been developed. The development and implementation of an objective and standardized biomethodologic assessment program can serve as a tool to improve standards, ensure consistent training, and decrease research variables yet ensure animal welfare. Here we review the definition and goals of training and assessment, review assessment methods, and propose a method to develop a standard and objective assessment program for the laboratory animal science field, particularly training departments and IACUC. PMID:24351758

Clifford, Paula; Melfi, Natasha; Bogdanske, John; Johnson, Elizabeth J; Kehler, James; Baran, Szczepan W

2013-11-01

131

Life sciences research using a lunar laboratory  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The necessity for life sciences research on the lunar surface in order to determine the consequences of returning from extended missions in various low gravity environments and of transiting through high multiple gravity forces during decelerations is discussed. The functions of a lunar gravitational biology laboratory are outlined. Lunar science objectives include investigations in developmental biology including the evaluation of the capacity of diverse organisms to undergo normal development and the evaluation of the use of the lunar environment to study specific developmental phenomena in ways that cannot be accomplished by earth-based research. The need for musculoskeletal studies to examine the dynamics of osteoclast and osteoblast formation and breakdown and to address bone and demineralization problems is discussed. Biological adaptation to hypogravic environments and the effects of radiation and electromagnetic environmental factors are also considered.

Cipriano, Leonard F.; Ballard, Rodney W.

1990-01-01

132

Laboratory Procedures for Medical Assistants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the manual is to provide the medical assisting student a text which presents the common laboratory procedures in use today in physician's offices. The procedures for performing a complete urinalysis are outlined, along with those for carrying out various hematological tests. Information is also presented to help the student learn to…

Johnson, Pauline

133

Air Force Technical Objective Document FY 1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This technical objective Document was prepared by the Materials Laboratory and describes the Materials Technology Planning Objectives (TPOs) for meeting future Air Force operational needs. The six TPOs encompass the full spectrum of materials capabilities...

R. L. Verga

1982-01-01

134

Air Force Technical Objective Document FY 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Technical Objective Document was prepared by the Materials Laboratory and describes the Materials Technology Planning Objectives (TPOs) for meeting future Air Force operational needs. The six TPOs encompass the full spectrum of materials capabilities...

R. L. Verga

1981-01-01

135

Mars Human Exploration Objectives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper reviews the objectives and other considerations of Human exploration of Mars. The objectives of human exploration of Mars are: (1) to learn how Mars is similar to, and different from, Earth; (2) to explore possible life, past and present; (3) to discover what Mars is like now from the perspective of Geoscience and geologic history; and (4) how did Mars form and how did its formation differ from Earth. Considerations of human Martian exploration involve: (1) having a capable base laboratory; (2) having long range transportation; (3) having operational autonomy of the crew, and the requirement of the crew to possess a range of new cognitive processes along with easy communications with terrestrial colleagues; and finally (4) creating the human habitat along with human factors which involve more than just survivability.

Briggs, Geoff

1998-01-01

136

Internet Primer: Workshop Design and Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the design, objectives, and evaluation of an introductory Internet workshop offered with library instruction classes in an electronic classroom at Queens University (Kingston, Ontario, Canada). Presents teaching tips and frequently-asked questions. The Internet primer handouts are appended. (AEF)

Laverty, Corinne Y. C.

1996-01-01

137

Objective Assessment of Technical Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technical skills are essential to the practice of surgery. They can be taught in the operating room and in the surgical skills\\u000a laboratory. The use of simulators allows the development of reproducible curricula with measurement of performance using objective\\u000a metrics. The goal of those designing metrics for the simulation laboratory should be to establish measures that are consistent\\u000a with those

Gerald M. Fried; Liane S. Feldman

2008-01-01

138

Text-Comprehension Strategies Based on Outlines: Immediate and Long-Term Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students were given a topically relevant or irrelevant outline and asked to generate propositions about the topics by drawing on existing knowledge prior to studying an instructional text. Results of conceptual clustering analyses suggest that organization was one of the mechanisms by which topical outlines increased meaningful text…

Glynn, Shawn M.; And Others

1985-01-01

139

Body Construction and Trim (Course Outline), Auto Body Repair and Refinishing 1: 9033.02.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The foundation quinmester course outlined is for the auto body repair trainee, to provide him with skills, knowledge, attitudes, and values necessary for performing the required service. It is the second of a series for the auto body repair trainee and requires 80 quinmester hours for completion. The outline consists of eight blocks of instruction…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

140

Curriculum Outlines for College Programs for Persons in Health Fields Serving the Developmentally Disabled.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document outlines a curriculum to train allied health professionals to work with families of developmentally disabled children. The curriculum contains six modules: an overview of developmental disabilities, social competency, independence training, nutrition education, health and safety, and human sexuality. Outlined for each module are its…

Chinn, Karen B., Ed.

141

Safety in the Science Laboratory, A Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The bulletin was prepared as a general guide to encourage the use of safe practices in science laboratories in Florida schools. The guide begins with an outline of recommended emergency procedures. Chapter I discusses the importance of safety in the science program. Chapter II discusses handling and storage of equipment, and designing laboratory

Christian, Floyd T.

142

Project Laboratory in a High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe our experience in guiding a physics laboratory in the eleventh grade of a high school, in which regular laboratory classes are replaced by an experimental project carried out throughout the year. Some didactic suggestions and hints are given for those wishing to adopt such an undertaking. Outlines are given for a few of the recent…

Gluck, Paul

2010-01-01

143

JHU Virtual laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This virtual laboratory, which accompanies the Johns Hopkins University course "500.101 What is Engineering?" uses JAVA interactive technology to offer students experiment-oriented problems via the WWW or CD-ROM. The objective of the course and the virtual laboratory is to introduce beginning science and engineering students to

Karweit, Michael

144

Technology Systems. Laboratory Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains 43 modules of laboratory activities for technology education courses. Each module includes an instructor's resource sheet and the student laboratory activity. Instructor's resource sheets include some or all of the following elements: module number, course title, activity topic, estimated time, essential elements, objectives,…

Brame, Ray; And Others

145

FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) Laboratory 2002 Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Message from the FBI Laboratory Director; FBI Laboratory Goals and Objectives; New Laboratory Building; Counterterrorism, Counterintelligence, and Investigative Support; Assistance to Law Enforcement; International Cooperation; First Responders ...

C. Wade Y. E. Trozzi

2002-01-01

146

Test Outline for Flutter Analysis of Rectangular Panels in Rarefied Flow Conditions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Jet plume impingement forces acting on large flexible space structures may precipitate dynamically unstable behavior during space flights. Typical operating conditions in space involve rarefied gas flow regimes which are intrinsically distinct from continuum gas flow and are normally modeled using the kinetic theory of gas flow. Docking and undocking operations of the Space Shuttle with the Russian Mir space laboratory represent a scenario in which the stability boundaries of solar panels may be of interest. Extensive literature review of research work on the dynamic stability of rectangular panels in rarefied gas flow conditions indicated the lack of published reports dealing with this phenomenon. A recently completed preliminary study for NASA JSC dealing with the mathematical analysis of the stability of two-degree-of-freedom elastically supported rigid panels under the effect of rarefied gas flow was reviewed. A test plan outline is prepared for the purpose of conducting a series of experiments on four rectangular rigid test articles in a vacuum chamber under the effect of continuous and pulsating Nitrogen jet plumes. The purpose of the test plan is to gather enough data related to a number of key parameters to allow the validation of the two-degree-of-freedom mathematical model. The hardware required careful design to select a very lightweight material while satisfying rigidity and frequency requirements within the constraints of the test environment. The data to be obtained from the vacuum chamber tests can be compared with the predicted behavior of the theoretical two-degree-of-freedom model. Using the data obtained in this study, further research can identify the limitations of the mathematical model. In addition modifications to the mathematical model can be made, if warranted, to accurately predict the behavior of rigid panels under rarefied gas flow regimes.

Akl, Fred A.

1996-01-01

147

Laboratory Simulations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geophysical properties of near-Earth objects (NEOs) can best be studied using radio tomography and seismology. Reflection and transmission radio tomography is best suited for measuring the complex electric permittivity of poorly conducting materials to reveal the internal structure of NEOs. Such NEOs are primarily comet nuclei and carbonaceous asteroids. Seismic experiments are most suitable for studying elastic properties of consolidated materials to reveal material strengths of stony and iron-nickel asteroids. Thus, the two methods are complementary for investigating comets and asteroids of all types. Analysis of reflection and transmission radio tomography of heterogeneous irregular shaped bodies is very difficult. Scattering by internal and outer boundaries, differences in the refractive indices of heterogeneous materials, and attenuation by electric conductivity complicate the analyses. For this reason laboratory simulations with scaled objects and scaled wavelengths is extremely useful to check the reliability of inversion techniques of radio signals to arrive at the interior structure of an NEO. Another approach to obtaining quantitative information on the composition and structure of an NEO is through induced seismology. There are two approaches to producing seismic waves: small explosive charges and impactors. Experimental work has been performed in the laboratory to examine the impulse delivered by explosives. Wave travel times can be used to back out basic material properties and first order structure of an NEO. For example, if distinct arrival pulses for P and S waves are recorded and the explosive initiation/impact time and location are known, then it is possible to determine the elastic properties of bulk and shear modulus. Reflections in the seismograms allow a determination of material boundaries in an NEO. Original arrival time is important since Q numbers for stony NEO material are presumed to be high, as they were on the Moon, and thus it is expected that there will be extensive ringing and noise. Other types of NEO materials will have differing seismic characteristics.

Huebner, W. F.; Walker, J.; Gustafson, B.

148

Skylab mobile laboratory  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Skylab mobile laboratory was designed to provide the capability to obtain necessary data on the Skylab crewmen 30 days before lift-off, within 1 hour after recovery, and until preflight physiological baselines were reattained. The mobile laboratory complex consisted of six laboratories that supported cardiovascular, metabolic, nutrition and endocrinology, operational medicine, blood, and microbiology experiments; a utility package; and two shipping containers. The objectives and equipment requirements of the Skylab mobile laboratory and the data acquisition systems are discussed along with processes such as permanently mounting equipment in the individual laboratories and methods of testing and transporting the units. The operational performance, in terms of amounts of data collected, and the concept of mobile laboratories for medical and scientific experiments are evaluated. The Skylab mobile laboratory succeeded in facilitating the data collection and sample preservation associated with the three Skylab manned flights.

Primeaux, G. R.; Larue, M. A.

1975-01-01

149

A Simple, Safe, and Inexpensive Laboratory Exercise in the Guided Inquiry Format.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a laboratory exercise that illustrates stoichiometry, limiting reagents, and proportionality. Highlights the safety and low cost factors of this exercise. Outlines procedures for the students. (ML)

De Moura, John M.; Marcello, Joseph A.

1987-01-01

150

Research on extraction of outlines of mandible in forensic individual recognitions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are fractures in local regions after extracting outlines of cone beam CT(CBCT) mandible images by conventional segmentation algorithm in the forensic test, therefore, this paper proposes a new method to avoid negative impact of fractures by the Erosion-reconstruction and Dilation- reconstruction of mathematics morphology (ERDR) algorithm to improve the accuracy of auto-extracting mandible outlines. The experiments show that the ERDR had a higher success rate (82.3%) in the processing of extracting the outlines of 300 mandible images than that of conventional segmentation method(24.0%).

Sun, Lu; Xing, Yu; Shan, Gaixian; He, Xiangqian

2013-07-01

151

Inverter testing at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

Inverters are key building blocks of photovoltaic (PV) systems that produce ac power. The balance of systems (BOS) portion of a PV system can account for up to 50% of the system cost, and its reliable operation is essential for a successful PV system. As part of its BOS program, Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) maintains a laboratory wherein accurate electrical measurements of power systems can be made under a variety of conditions. This paper outlines the work that is done in that laboratory.

Ginn, J.W.; Bonn, R.H.; Sittler, G. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Photovoltaic System Components Dept.

1997-04-01

152

Text of Speech at Harvard by Deputy CIA Director Outlining Policy Shifts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Central Intelligence Agency policy changes concerning its relationship with the academic community are outlined specifically relating to consulting, sponsorship of conferences, research, scholars in residence, information seeking from faculty traveling abroad, and academic freedom. (MSE)

Gates, Robert M.

1986-01-01

153

Outline and Applications of the Newtonian Treatment of the Method of Orbital Parameters Variation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper presents an outline of the modernized Newtonian treatment of the variation of parameters method and is limited to the analysis of the inplane perturbations. Cases of normal and tangent, radial and transverse impulses are discussed for elliptic a...

P. Bielkowics

1969-01-01

154

An Outline of How To Plan a Workshop. Second, Revised Edition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a guide in outline form to assist practitioners in the planning, conduct, and evaluation of library workshops. Workshop planning groups are described and suggestions for membership are provided. Program planning includes needs assessment, preparat...

A. Powers, A. Roughton

1979-01-01

155

Mapping a curriculum database to the USMLE Step 1 content outline.  

PubMed

Assessing the completeness of topic coverage in medical curricula is difficult to establish as no universal standard for completeness has been agreed upon. However, the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 Exam Content Outline may provide a beginning framework. This project developed a computer-based tool that matched ArizonaMed curriculum content (Tucson track) against a modified USMLE content outline. The project involved three phases: (1) the USMLE Step 1 content outline was deconstructed and translated using equivalent Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) terms; (2) a report was made of all MeSH terms used to identify the content in the ArizonaMed curriculum database, compared to the MeSH-modified USMLE outline, and the resulting matches are graphically expressed. The frequency with which each MeSH term appeared across the years also was reported; and (3) a retreat was held with faculty and others to ensure the MeSH-translated outline was accurate and complete. Faculty were able to visualize how content was being expressed among instructional blocks across the first two years. Results also assured faculty and students that all subjects contained in the USMLE content outline were covered in the curriculum. The success of this effort is leading to improvements in content-tracking capability for the ArizonaMed database. PMID:23088357

Dexter, Jack; Koshland, Gail; Waer, Amy; Anderson, Darla

2012-01-01

156

Information Processing and Perceptual Characteristics of Display Design: The Role of Emergent Features and Objects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this report, the fundamental theoretical and applied principles are outlined, which have been cited to justify the relative benefits of object displays, the representation of several quantitative variables as features of single geometric objects. In pa...

A. D. Andre C. D. Wickens

1990-01-01

157

An Undergraduate Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy Laboratory at Georgia Tech.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experimental techniques are taught in a laboratory course designed with some student options available. Eight experiments which use vacuum systems, radiation sources, dispersion and detection systems are outlined. A course outline and time table are given. The final examination is described as 30 minutes of individual practical work and dialogue…

Stevenson, James R.; Bartlett, Roger J.

158

Electronics 7-12 [Instructional Objectives Exchange].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included are instructional objectives which can be considered for use in a classroom or laboratory. The objectives are followed by measurement items meant to test if a certain objective is accomplished. Means for judging the adequacy of student responses are given. The areas of electronics included in this publication are: Fundamentals, Block…

California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for the Study of Evaluation.

159

Design of Chemistry Laboratories for Asian Second Level Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ideas for chemistry laboratories, design curriculums, and instructional criteria are outlined for use in Asian secondary schools. Chemistry education and its changing aspects, teaching methods, planning and communication problems are discussed. Requirements for laboratory facilities are included with suggestions for laboratory furniture and…

Alles, Jinapala; Vickery, D. J.

160

Evaluating Usability in a Distance Digital Systems Laboratory Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the usability evaluation of a digital systems laboratory class offered to distance-learning students. It details the way in which students can participate remotely in such a laboratory, the methodology employed in the usability assessment of the laboratory infrastructure (hardware and software), and also outlines the main…

Kostaras, N.; Xenos, M.; Skodras, A. N.

2011-01-01

161

Revitalizing chemistry laboratory instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation involves research in three major domains of chemical education as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Ph.D. program in chemistry at Miami University with a major emphasis on chemical education, and concurrent study in organic chemistry. Unit I, Development and Assessment of a Column Chromatography Laboratory Activity, addresses the domain of Instructional Materials Development and Testing. This unit outlines the process of developing a publishable laboratory activity, testing and revising that activity, and subsequently sharing that activity with the chemical education community. A laboratory activity focusing on the separation of methylene blue and sodium fluorescein was developed to demonstrate the effects of both the stationary and mobile phase in conducting a separation. Unit II, Bringing Industry to the Laboratory, addresses the domain of Curriculum Development and Testing. This unit outlines the development of the Chemistry of Copper Mining module, which is intended for use in high school or undergraduate college chemistry. The module uses the learning cycle approach to present the chemistry of the industrial processes of mining copper to the students. The module includes thirteen investigations (three of which are web-based and ten which are laboratory experiments) and an accompanying interactive CD-ROM, which provides an explanation of the chemistry used in copper mining with a virtual tour of an operational copper mine. Unit III, An Alternative Method of Teaching Chemistry. Integrating Lecture and the Laboratory, is a project that addresses the domain of Research in Student Learning. Fundamental Chemistry was taught at Eastern Arizona College as an integrated lecture/laboratory course that met in two-hour blocks on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. The students taking this integrated course were compared with students taking the traditional 1-hour lectures held on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, with accompanying 3-hour lab on Tuesday or Thursday. There were 119 students in the test group, 522 students in the Shelton control group and 556 students in the McBride control group. Both qualitative data and quantitative data were collected. A t-test was used to test significance.

McBride, Phil Blake

162

Getting Away from the Cookbook in the Organic Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses an organic laboratory program emphasizing individual experiments for the second semester of a two-semester course. Describes the outlines of two topics, including halide or alcohol synthesis and multistep synthesis. Provides reaction tables of alcohols and halides. (YP)

Potter, Neil H.; McGrath, Thomas F.

1989-01-01

163

Procedure Manuals for the Comparative Systems Laboratory Experiments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report deals with experiments in testing and evaluation of an information retrieval system within the Comparative Systems Laboratory (CSL). The twelve sections of the report reflect the developmental phase of CSL. Section I outlines the approach and t...

T. Saracevic L. Rothenberg

1967-01-01

164

Teaching Failure in the Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many undergraduate science students are misled by "cookbook" laboratory experiments that make science appear to be easy and to always yield anticipated results. This is a direct consequence of the pedagogical approach normally used in science teaching--we use experiments that are "guaranteed" to work. This robs the educator of the valuable lessons to be learned from failure. This article outlines one experiment that uses failure to teach a better perspective on the reality of scientific inquiry.

Swierczynski, Arlene M.; Glagovich, Neil M.

2004-05-01

165

A Proposal for an International Standard Object Number.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses extand paradigms (ISBN, ISSN, ISMN, and the emerging ISAN). Models a procedure for assigning ISONs (International Standard Object Number) to objects and their surrogates. Describes resources requisite to the construction of the ISON, and outlines the necessarily cooperative work ahead if an ISON is to become a standard for visual…

Austin, David

1999-01-01

166

Objective Force Disciplines: Making Army Transformation a Reality.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph explores the validity of current United States Army Doctrine as it relates to enabling the future United States Army Objective Force in achieving the qualities outlined in the 2001 Objective Force White Paper as the Army begins its 'transfo...

J. M. Scott

2002-01-01

167

Goals and Objectives of the 21st Century Challenge Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The statewide goals and objectives of Tennessee's plan for educational excellence, the 21st Century Challenge, are outlined in this legislative committee report. The major initiatives under each goal will be implemented within 3 to 4 years. Goals and an example of the several objectives under each goal are: first grade readiness (e.g., require all…

Tennessee State Dept. of Education, Nashville.

168

Standardization in the Handling and Evaluation of Objective Examinations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to requests for standardization on testing and grading, a pilot program for the administration and evaluation of objective examinations was instituted. Outlined are objectives, initial test item collection, procedural flow for examinations, faculty responsibilities, support staff responsibilities, and project coordinator services. (LBH)

Sass, M. Burke

1978-01-01

169

Learning Object Repositories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter looks at the development and nature of learning objects, meta-tagging standards and taxonomies, learning object repositories, learning object repository characteristics, and types of learning object repositories, with type examples. (Contains 1 table.)

Lehman, Rosemary

2007-01-01

170

Objects of attention, objects of perception.  

PubMed

Four experiments were conducted, to explore the notion of objects in perception. Taking as a starting point the effects of display content on rapid attention transfer and manipulating curvature, closure, and processing time, a link between objects of attention and objects of perception is proposed. In Experiment 1, a number of parallel, equally spaced, straight lines facilitated attention transfer along the lines, relative to transfer across the lines. In Experiment 2, with curved, closed-contour shapes, no "same-object" facilitation was observed. However, when a longer time interval was provided, in Experiment 3, a same-object advantage started to emerge. In Experiment 4, using the same curved shapes but in a non-speeded distance estimation task, a strong effect of objects was observed. It is argued that attention transfer is facilitated by line tracing but that line tracing is encouraged by objects. PMID:10598473

Avrahami, J

1999-11-01

171

Object locating system  

DOEpatents

A sensing system locates an object by sensing the object`s effect on electric fields. The object`s effect on the mutual capacitance of electrode pairs varies according to the distance between the object and the electrodes. A single electrode pair can sense the distance from the object to the electrodes. Multiple electrode pairs can more precisely locate the object in one or more dimensions. 12 figs.

Novak, J.L.; Petterson, B.

1998-06-09

172

Women in China and Southeast Asia: a course outline and bibliography.  

PubMed

The course outlined in this article was designed for upper-level undergraduates seeking a major in Asian studies or in women's studies. The underlying premise is that it is impossible to understand any society or culture without understanding the dynamics of its gender relations and that comparative perspectives from other cultures provide a critical viewpoint from which to examine the meanings of male-female distinctions. The course focuses on China and Southeast Asia and is structured around the themes of cultural representation, economic production, and reproduction. The 13 weeks' worth of lectures and assigned readings concentrate on a limited sample of cultures (with a focus on China and Indonesia) to provide a broad overview of each topic. Supplementary bibliographies are provided for further research. The course outline includes a list of topics for seminar discussion and written assignments, a topic outline, a description of films to be shown, and a bibliography. PMID:12290824

Warren, C

1990-01-01

173

Object locating system  

DOEpatents

A sensing system locates an object by sensing the object's effect on electric fields. The object's effect on the mutual capacitance of electrode pairs varies according to the distance between the object and the electrodes. A single electrode pair can sense the distance from the object to the electrodes. Multiple electrode pairs can more precisely locate the object in one or more dimensions.

Novak, James L. (Albuquerque, NM); Petterson, Ben (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-06-09

174

The new cell physiology: an outline, presented against its full historical background, beginning from the beginning.  

PubMed

The primary objective of this review is to present a brief outline of the new cell physiology. First introduced in 1962 under the title of the association-induction hypothesis, the theory is now confirmed in its essence, after more than thirty years of world-wide experimental testing. While minor, and even more than minor, improvements and revisions may yet be needed, the weight and scope of the confirmatory evidence have left little doubt that a comprehensive and coherent new theory of cell physiology is established. For the first time in history we have available a realistic cell physiology, awaiting to unite and to guide future biomedical research and teaching. The review also demonstrates in passing how, as well as why, the old cell physiology has fizzled so miserably. Instead of providing the guiding light for all biomedical research it has degenerated into a fairy tale of make-believe. This degradation began with a wrong theory. The situation has grown steadily worse with time by the impact of premature progressive fragmentation on something inherently indivisible; and by the universal adoption of the peer-review system which gives to those with strong vested interests in the preservation of the status quo absolute power in determining who prospers and who is cast out (see Endnote 9). It is thus hardly surprising that up to now, despite superlative chemical engineering know-how available and the lure of great financial awards, not a single drug has been designed from understanding, an understanding that will remain forever beyond reach as long as the guiding theory of the cell physiology is basically wrong. In contrast, in its brief history, and despite its minuscule list of subscribers and their endless debilitating struggle merely to stay alive (see Endnote 9), the new cell physiology has already generated one mankind-enhancing medical technology of major proportions, magnetic resonance imaging or MRI (see Ling, 1984, p. vii; 1992, p. xxv). To this day, most biomedical research scientists, teachers as well as students, still operate under the delusion that the old cell physiology, a little battered perhaps, is still basically sound. By far the greatest majority of them simply do not know enough; and it is hard for them to find a convenient source of relevant information that will help in this regard. A second purpose of the present review is to fill this need. To a few "true believers" of the old cell physiology the preservation of the status quo is of overriding importance.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:7938224

Ling, G N

1994-01-01

175

Definition of experiments and instruments for a communication/navigation research laboratory. Volume 3: Laboratory descriptions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The following study objectives are covered: (1) identification of major laboratory equipment; (2) systems and operations analysis in support of the laboratory design; and (3) conceptual design of the comm/nav research laboratory.

1972-01-01

176

Analysis of transmittance properties of surface plasmon modes on periodic solid/outline bowtie nanoantenna arrays  

SciTech Connect

We numerically analyze the transmittance properties of the periodic outline bowtie nanoantenna arrays and examine the nanoantenna resonance conditions compared to their solid counterparts by means of finite element method. Simulation results show that the structural parameters may affect the nanoantenna resonance conditions, such as peak resonance wavelengths, propagation properties, and charge densities at spectral points of interest. Besides, the essences of transmittance spectra of the periodic solid/outline bowtie nanoantenna arrays corresponding to their bonding mode and anti-bonding mode are investigated as well.

Yang, Wayne; Chou Chau, Yuan-Fong; Jheng, San-Cai [Department of Electronic Engineering, Chien Hsin University of Science and Technology, No.229, Jianxing Rd., Zhongli City, Taoyuan County 32097, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Electronic Engineering, Chien Hsin University of Science and Technology, No.229, Jianxing Rd., Zhongli City, Taoyuan County 32097, Taiwan (China)

2013-06-15

177

Landmark methods for forms without landmarks: morphometrics of group differences in outline shape  

Microsoft Academic Search

Morphometrics, a new branch of statistics, combines tools from geometry, computer graphics and biometrics in techniques for the multivariate analysis of biological shape variation. Although medical image analysts typically prefer to represent scenes by way of curving outlines or surfaces, the most recent developments in this associated statistical methodology have emphasized the domain of landmark data: size and shape of

Fred L. Bookstein

1997-01-01

178

Specialized Measures of Leaf Outlines and Hierarchical Perceptrons in AN Automatic Identification of Plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of an efficient image-based computer identification system for plants or other organisms is an important ambitious goal, which is still far from realization. This paper presents three new methods potentially usable for such a system: fractal-based measures of complexity of leaf outline, a heuristic algorithm for automatic detection of leaf parts --- the blade and the petiole, and

Wojciech Borkowski; Lidia Kostrzynska

2004-01-01

179

Effective Source-to-Source Outlining to Support Whole Program Empirical Optimization  

SciTech Connect

Although automated empirical performance optimization and tuning is well-studied for kernels and domain-specific libraries, a current research grand challenge is how to extend these methodologies and tools to significantly larger sequential and parallel applications. In this context, we present the ROSE source-to-source outliner, which addresses the problem of extracting tunable kernels out of whole programs, thereby helping to convert the challenging whole-program tuning problem into a set of more manageable kernel tuning tasks. Our outliner aims to handle large scale C/C++, Fortran and OpenMP applications. A set of program analysis and transformation techniques are utilized to enhance the portability, scalability, and interoperability of source-to-source outlining. More importantly, the generated kernels preserve performance characteristics of tuning targets and can be easily handled by other tools. Preliminary evaluations have shown that the ROSE outliner serves as a key component within an end-to-end empirical optimization system and enables a wide range of sequential and parallel optimization opportunities.

Liao, C; Quinlan, D J; Vuduc, R; Panas, T

2009-07-17

180

The Public Law Outline and Family Group Conferences in Childcare Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United Kingdom, the Children Act (1989) states that children are best brought up with their families. However, if a child is suffering from or likely to suffer from significant harm, then the local authorities may initiate care proceedings under section 31 of the Children Act (1989). The Public Law Outline is a judicial case management tool…

Evans, Carly Anne

2011-01-01

181

Care of the Nails (Course Outline) Cosmetology 2: 9207.01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An outline of the materials, equipment, and implements used for manicuring and pedicuring is presented in this course program. A guide to the services in the cosmetology field is laid out in a number of time blocks which cover: the Fingernails (3 hours), Manicure Supplies (2 hours), Manicure Techniques (20 hours), Pedicuring (5 hours), Basic…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

182

Airframe Assembly, Rigging and Inspection (Course Outline), Aviation Mechanics 2 (Air Frame): 9065.02.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents an outline for 135-hour course designed to familiarize the student with the manipulative skills and knowledge concerning airframe assembly, rigging, and inspection techniques in accordance with Federal Aviation Agency regulations. The aviation maintenance technician must be able to demonstrate a knowledge of assembly methods…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

183

Blank outline estimation approach of aircraft part for rubber bladder forming  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rubber bladder forming is one of sheet metal forming methods for aircraft sheet metal parts. The estimation approach of initial blank outline is a difficult task during the forming die design stage, especially the rubber bladder forming manufacturing. In accordance with the technologic characteristics of rubber bladder forming, a fast and accurate estimation approach is proposed for the initial blank outline of rubber bladder formed part based on the one-step inverse forming finite element method. The friction influential effect between the rubber bladder and sheet metal can be considered by the equivalent external force. Firstly, the designed aircraft sheet metal part is treated as the final configuration of one-step inverse analysis; then a quick reverse simulation is carried out to obtain the initial blank mesh by the one-step inverse finite element method. Finally, the blank outline from the above initial blank mesh is applied to real rubber bladder forming manufacture. The experiment and comparison results demonstrate that the proposed approach can accurate estimate the initial blank outline of aircraft sheet metal part for rubber bladder forming process.

Hu, Dan; Bao, Yidong; Liu, Lei

2013-12-01

184

A Survival Guide for New Faculty Members: Outlining the Keys to Success for Promotion and Tenure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Survival Guide for New Faculty Members: Outlining the Keys to Success for Promotion and Tenure" provides new faculty members with practical, down-to-earth wisdom and suggestions for successfully working through to tenure and promotion. The authors--both successful and experienced administrators and experts in higher education--have provided…

Bakken, Jeffrey P.; Simpson, Cynthia G.

2011-01-01

185

New Developments in Optical Media: An Outline of CD-I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines new CD-I (compact disc-interactive) standard jointly developed by Sony and Philips which specifies what can be present on the compact disc and how it is coded. Specification allows for mixing CD digital audio and CD-I tracks on CD-I disks, and for CD digital audio decoding on CD-I players. (MBR)

Bruno, R.; Mizushima, M.

1986-01-01

186

Outline of a knowledge-Base Model for an Intelligent Information Retrieval System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines an approach to the automatic construction of a knowledge base resulting in a system that is able in each phase of its construction to acquire domain knowledge from all new information that it is building, particularly index terms. Topics covered include production rules, the use of semantic networks, and user interfaces. (32 references)…

Bruandet, Marie-France

1989-01-01

187

Extracting Outlined Planar Clusters of Street Facades from 3D Point Clouds  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an approach for extracting 3D outlined planar clusters of street facades. Terrestrial laser data are acquired using a Mobile Mapping System (MMS). Mapping of street facades is of great interest in various digital mapping and robotic research topics. After a filtering step of the 3D point cloud, the dominant hypothetical facade planes are detected using an adapted

Karim Hammoudi; Fadi Dornaika; Bahman Soheilian; Nicolas Paparoditis

2010-01-01

188

Telemarketing. Curriculum Guides and Content Outlines for Telemarketing: Entry-Level Position.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide and content outline for the telemarketing entry-level position contains seven sections: (1) specialized telemarketing tasks; (2) telemarketing selling skills; (3) marketing tasks; (4) business-related tasks; (5) business-specific tasks; (6) personnel/human resources-related tasks; and (7) communications and minimum skill…

Shepard, Del

189

OUTLINE OF A NEW APPROACH TO EVALUATE ECOLOGICAL INTEGRITY OF SALT MARSHES  

EPA Science Inventory

The integrity of coastal salt marshes can be determined from the extent to which they provide key ecosystem services: food and habitat for fish and wildlife, good water quality, erosion and flood control, and recreation and cultural use. An outline of a new approach for linking e...

190

Aircraft Fuel, Hydraulic and Pneumatic Systems (Course Outlines), Aviation Mechanics 3 (Air Frame): 9067.01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents an outline for a 135-hour course designed to familiarize the student with the operation, inspection, and repair of aircraft fuel, hydraulic, and pneumatic systems. It is designed to help the trainee master the knowledge and skills necessary to become an aviation airframe mechanic. The aviation airframe maintenance technician…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

191

A generic outline for dynamic modeling of ocean wave and tidal current energy conversion systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ocean wave and tidal current resources bear immense potential for generating electric power in near future. This article discusses an outline of generic system modeling for the purpose of grid interconnection studies. Due emphasis has been given on ocean energy's current state of the art and mathematical formulations are developed to fit the possible future needs. Ocean power schemes are

Jahangir Khan; Ali Moshref; Gouri Bhuyan

2009-01-01

192

Comprehensive Assistive Technology Curriculum Outline: A Functional Student-Centered Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum outline is designed for trainers of practitioners who use technology with students with disabilities. It offers an alternative approach to technology-specific training, with the student as the focus, the technology as one potential solution for providing better access to instruction, and the matching of functional tasks required in…

Raimondi, Sharon L.; And Others

193

READING ASSIGNMENT OUTLINES FOR INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY I, THE WORLD OF CONSTRUCTION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PURPOSE OF THIS ATTACHMENT TO THE FINAL REPORT OF THE FIRST PHASE OF THE INDUSTRIAL ARTS CURRICULUM PROJECT (VT 003 145) IS TO PRESENT OUTLINES OF DAILY READING ASSIGNMENTS FOR A 170-DAY COURSE IN CONSTRUCTION AT THE SEVENTH GRADE LEVEL. UNITS ARE -- (1) MAN REMAKES HIS WORLD, (2) MANAGEMENT IN CONSTRUCTION, (3) PRODUCTION IN CONSTRUCTION, (4)…

Illinois Univ., Champaign.

194

Modeling of real defect outlines for defect size distribution and yield prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

For efficient yield, prediction defects are usually modeled by circular disks or squares. A more accurate model is presented. It considers the real outline of physical defects. To utilize this model, only the maximum and the minimum extension of detected defects must be determined. That can be done easily using a checkerboard test structure including a defect localization procedure. The

Christopher Hess; Albrecht Ströle

1993-01-01

195

Evaluation Techniques for School Library/Media Programs. A Work Shop Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of an Institute in Evaluation Techniques in School Library/Media Programs is presented in outline form to serve as a format for other training and inservice sessions in evaluation techniques. Basic information is given in the narrative with indication of related discussion questions and activities for participants. A discussion of the…

Woolls, Blanche; And Others

196

Science Questions and Broad Outline of Technology Needs of the Decade 2013-2022  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present an overview of the top priority science questions outlined in the Planetary Exploration Decadal Survey, "Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022." The recommended mission portfolio, along with expected infrastructure challenges, should drive investments over the decade. The instrument and technology needs for the next decade will be presented, with a summary of progress since the Decadal.

SlIllon-Miller, A. A.

2012-01-01

197

Outline of a regulatory framework for site exploration, safety concept, monitoring, and assessment of abandoned wells  

Microsoft Academic Search

The legal framework for CCS has been developed in several industrial countries of the world. These laws include some indications about technical information needed and outlines for procedures for storage application and permitting. However, many issues need a more precise description in guidelines and regulations that define the rules and tasks for industry and authorities alike. Thus, the German Federal

Franz May; Gabriela von Görne; Falk Weinlich

2011-01-01

198

Mental Retardation in a Canadian Province: Report No. 7, Preliminary Outline of Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The seventh in a series of eight reports on mental retardation in a Canadian province provided basic psychometric, social and conceptual maturity data of the study and outlined preliminary analytical tables designed to validate research questions. The report was explained to represent a transition from theoretical discussion of mental retardation…

Portal-Foster, C. W.

199

Long-Range Goals in International Telecommunications and Information: An Outline for United States Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents a comprehensive delineation of the principal issues in the field of international telecommunications and information, as well as an overview of United States policy in this area. The first part discusses international trends in protectionism and the politicization of international forums; it also outlines United States goals,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.

200

Outward Bound and Higher Education. A Rationale and Outline for College Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presenting a rationale for experiential learning in higher education and an outline for Outward Bound (OB) program development, this guide includes: (1) personal priorities in an OB program (enhancing self-concept; recognizing individual needs; clarifying values; coping with stress and ambiguity; improving interpersonal relations; finding…

Medrick, Frederick W.

201

An Outline on Psychotropic Drug Use in the Developmentally Disabled Patient. Monograph #102.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introduction to basic principles of psychotropic drug use in developmentally disabled patients is intended to provide personnel working in the field with information on appropriate clinical use as well as potential risks. Presented in outline form, information is provided on five classes of psychotropic drugs: antipsychotics; antidepressants;…

Vander Zanden, Jeanne A.

202

The Zoo Trip: Objecting to Objectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author objects to what curricularists and teachers often believe that meaningful activities in school have to be scripted, planned to the nth degree and assigned learning objectives and goals ahead of time, or they have no educational worth. Instead, he used Elliot Eisner's classic curriculum text, "The Educational…

Poetter, Thomas S.

2006-01-01

203

Selecting a Reference Object  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One way to describe the location of an object is to relate it to another object. Often there are many nearby objects, each of which could serve as a candidate to be the reference object. A common theoretical assumption is that features that make a given object salient relative to the candidate set are instrumental in determining which is selected.…

Miller, Jared E.; Carlson, Laura A.; Hill, Patrick L.

2011-01-01

204

The Biological Oxidant and Life Detection (BOLD) mission: an outline for a new mission to Mars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Viking mission was the only mission to date that conducted life detection experiments. It revealed ambiguous and still controversial results. New findings and hypotheses urge a re-evaluation of the Viking results and a re-evaluation of the evidence for the possible presence of life on Mars in general. Recent findings of abundant water ice on Mars, the presence of liquid contemporary water on the Martian surface, and the detection of methane in the Martian atmosphere further support this possibility. Current missions to be launched focus on habitability considerations (e.g., NASA Phoenix, NASA Mars Science Laboratory), but shy away from directly testing for life on Mars, with the potential exception of the ESA ExoMars mission. If these currently planned missions collect positive evidence toward habitability and the possible existence of extraterrestrial (microbial) life on Mars, it would be timely to propose a new mission to Mars with a strong life detection component. We propose such a mission called BOLD: Biological Oxidant and Life Detection Mission. The BOLD mission objective would be to quantify the amount of hydrogen peroxide existing in the Martian soil and to test for processes typically associated with life. Six landing packages are projected to land on Mars that include a limited power supply, a set of oxidant and life detection experiments, and a transmitter, which is able to transmit information via an existing Mars orbiter back to Earth.

Schulze-Makuch, Dirk; Houtkooper, Joop M.; Knoblauch, Michael; Furfaro, Roberto; Fink, Wolfgang; Fairén, Alberto G.; Vali, Hojatollah; Head, James N.; Lim, Darlene S. S.; Dohm, James; Irwin, Louis N.; Daly, Mike; Andersen, Dale

2007-10-01

205

Herbig-Haro Objects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The IUE (International Ultraviolet Explorer) spectra of Herbig-Haro (HH) objects and their relation to the very detailed optical spectra available for these objects are studied. Useful information about the physics of HH objects in general and especially ...

K. H. Boehm

1990-01-01

206

Shared Object Hierarchy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes the design and proposed implementation of a shared object hierarchy. The object hierarchy is stored in a relational database and objects referenced by an application program are cached in the program's address space. The paper describ...

L. A. Rowe

1987-01-01

207

On Multiple Moving Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the motion-planning problem for multiple moving objects. The approach taken consists of assigning priorities\\u000a to the objects, then planning motions one object at a time. For each moving object, the planner constructs a configuration\\u000a space-time that represents the time-varying constraints imposed on the moving object by the other moving and stationary objects.\\u000a The planner represents this space-time

Michael Erdmann; Tomás Lozano-pérez

1987-01-01

208

Object Location Experiment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the entry page for the Object Location Experiment. The experiment begins with a description of the object location memory task that the participants will complete. Participants learn that they will study an array of objects for a designated period of time; the array of objects will then disappear; and then the array of objects will reappear, but some of the objects will have exchanged positions.

209

A Laboratory for Public Scholarship and Democracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The founder of Penn State's Laboratory for Public Scholarship and Democracy and chair of Penn State's Public Scholarship Associates establishes public scholarship's connections with democracy by distinguishing public scholarship from service, outlining a curriculum of consequence, and suggesting the constitutional roots of public scholarship.

Cohen, Jeremy

2006-01-01

210

Laboratory and Astrophysical Radiation Hydrodynamics : An Introduction  

SciTech Connect

In this talk, the author discusses some aspects of radiation-material interactions that can produce radiation from a violently moving fluid, or, reciprocally, can result in macroscopic motion in fluids which are subject to intense radiation fields. The author also outlines some similarities and contrasts between 'laboratory' and astrophysical phenomena in which radiation hydrodynamics plays an important role.

Mihalas, Dimitri,

2002-01-01

211

Use of Pseudophase TLC in Teaching Laboratories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that pseudophase liquid chromatography, which uses aqueous surfactant solutions instead of organic solvents for the mobile phase, can be substituted for thin-layer chromatography in the introductory organic course. Outlines the method as it applies to common separations in the laboratory. (JN)

Armstrong, Daniel W.; And Others

1984-01-01

212

The National Storage Laboratory: Overview and status  

SciTech Connect

The National Storage Laboratory (NSL) was organized to investigate, demonstrate, and commercialize high-performance hardware and software storage technologies that promise to remove network computing bottlenecks and provide critically needed new storage systems functionality. This paper briefly outlines the goals, collaboration and current status of the NSL.

Watson, R.W.; Coyne, R.

1994-01-19

213

Microbial ecology laboratory procedures manual NASA/MSFC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An essential part of the efficient operation of any microbiology laboratory involved in sample analysis is a standard procedures manual. The purpose of this manual is to provide concise and well defined instructions on routine technical procedures involving sample analysis and methods for monitoring and maintaining quality control within the laboratory. Of equal importance is the safe operation of the laboratory. This manual outlines detailed procedures to be followed in the microbial ecology laboratory to assure safety, analytical control, and validity of results.

Huff, Timothy L.

1990-01-01

214

Regional Educational Laboratories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains progress reports on some of the ongoing activities of the Regional Educational Laboratories, whose primary objective is to create and demonstrate a variety of tested alternatives to existing educational practice. In each instance the address and region served are given, together with information on the governing board and…

Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.

215

LANGUAGE LABORATORIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE USE OF THE LANGUAGE LABORATORY HAS GIVEN MANY THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS GOOD LISTENING AND SPEAKING PRACTICE AND HAS BECOME AN EFFECTIVE LEARNING TOOL. THE BASIC PIECE OF EQUIPMENT OF THE LANGUAGE LABORATORY IS THE TAPE RECORDER-AND-PLAYBACK, DESIGNED TO BE USED WITH AUDIOPASSIVE STUDY, AUDIOACTIVE STUDY, AUDIOACTIVE-COMPARATIVE STUDY, AND…

BRUBAKER, CHARLES WILLIAM

216

Automatic object recognition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Geometric and intensity features are very useful in object recognition. An intensity feature is a measure of contrast between object pixels and background pixels. Geometric features provide shape and size information. A model based approach is presented for computing geometric features. Knowledge about objects and imaging system is used to estimate orientation of objects with respect to the line of sight.

Ranganath, H. S.; Mcingvale, Pat; Sage, Heinz

1988-01-01

217

A radiographic study on the utility of cranial vault outlines for positive identifications.  

PubMed

A standard method for positive identification is the use of antemortem and postmortem radiographic comparisons. The purpose of this research is to test the visual accuracy of antemortem and postmortem radiographic comparisons of cranial vault outlines and to evaluate their uniqueness using geometric morphometric methods. A sample of 106 individuals with varying levels of education and forensic case experience participated in a visual accuracy test. Of the 106 individuals, only 42% correctly assigned all of the radiographs, with accuracy rates ranging from 70 to 93% for each radiographic comparison. Vault shape was further examined using elliptic Fourier analysis, and paired t-tests were computed on the first 10 principal components accounting for 100% of the variance, which found no significant differences. The visual accuracy test and elliptic Fourier analysis shows that vault outlines may not be unique enough for positive identifications when used as a sole indicator. PMID:24745071

Maxwell, Ashley B; Ross, Ann H

2014-03-01

218

Security camera system using sharply outlined display algorithm and variable-clock CVBS encoder  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose the security camera system that displays a sharp and clear image by using sharply outlined display algorithm and has less hardware complexity by using a modified composite video baseband signal generator of a variable-clock video encoder. The proposed system is fabricated with the test camera chip that has been manufactured by the MagnaChip 0.25 ?m

Joohyun Kim; Jooyoung Ha; Shinki Jeong; Hoongee Yang; Bongsoon Kang

2006-01-01

219

Low polarization microscope objectives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Low polarization, high numerical aperture microscope objectives ideal for polarization sensitive applications are designed, fabricated, and measured. A microscope objective is designed to meet the application requirements using Code V. Performance of typical AR coatings is examined and determined to be insufficient to meet the polarization performance desired. Custom AR coatings are optimized using an in house polarization ray tracing program to reduce the objectives diattenuation. The resulting microscope objectives perform about 5 times better than our low polarization Nikon objectives.

Daugherty, Brian; Chipman, Russell

2010-07-01

220

Grasping trapezoidal objects  

PubMed Central

When grasping rectangular or circular objects with a precision grip the digits close in on the object in opposite directions. In doing so the digits move perpendicular to the local surface orientation as they approach opposite sides of the object. This perpendicular approach is advantageous for accurately placing the digits. Trapezoidal objects have non-parallel surfaces so that moving the digits in opposite directions would make the digits approach the contact surfaces at an angle that is not 90°. In this study we examined whether this happens, or whether subjects tend to approach trapezoidal objects’ surfaces perpendicularly. We used objects of different sizes and with different surface slants. Subjects tended to approach the object’s surfaces orthogonally, suggesting that they aim for an optimal precision of digit placement rather than simply closing their hand as it reaches the object.

Kleinholdermann, Urs; Brenner, Eli; Franz, Volker H.

2007-01-01

221

Lensless object scanning holography for diffuse objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently proposed, Lensless Object Scanning Holography (LOSH) is a fully lensless method, capable of improving image quality in digital Fourier holography applied to reflective objects, and involving a very simplified experimental setup. LOSH is based on the recording and digital post-processing of a set of digital lensless Fourier transform holograms which finally results in a synthetic image with improved resolution, field of view (FOV), signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and depth of field (DOF). In this paper, LOSH is expanded to the case of diffuse-based objects. Now, the speckle can affect the resolution and it will not be a function of only the size of the aperture. The fact of increasing the aperture can produce the decrease of the size of the speckle. Moreover, there is an overlapping of speckles of the successive images. Different kinds of digital processing can be applied to obtain the final synthetic image. Among them, partial coherent processing, arising from the incoherent sum of several sets of images coherently added, provides the best improvement in the resolution and also in the SNR due to partial averaging of the speckles. Experimental results for a diffuse object are presented for different kinds of digital processing.

García, Javier; Ferreira, Carlos; Micó, Vicente

2013-04-01

222

Overview of Virtual National Laboratory Objectives, Plans, andProjects  

SciTech Connect

Significant experimental and theoretical progress has been made in the U.S. heavy ion fusion program on high-current sources, transport, and focusing. Currents over 200 mA have been transported through a matching section and 10 half-lattice periods with electric quadrupoles. An experiment shows control of high beam current with an aperture, while avoiding secondary electrons. New theory and simulations of the neutralization of intense beam space charge with plasma in various focusing chamber configurations predict that near-emittance-limited beam focal spot sizes can be obtained even with beam perveance (ratio of beam space potential to ion energy) >10 x higher than in earlier HIF focusing experiments. Progress in a new focusing experiment with plasma neutralization up to 10{sup -3} perveance, and designs for a next-step experiment to study beam brightness evolution from source to target are described.

Logan, B.G.; Celata, C.M.; Kwan, J.W.; Lee, E.P.; Leitner, M.; Seidl, P.A.; Yu, S.S.; Barnard, J.J.; Friedman, A.; Meier, W.R.; Davidson, R.C.

2002-06-01

223

Magnetic Fields for the Laboratory Simulation of Astrophysical Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Strong magnetic fields were generated using a fast pulsed power generator, to investigate the interaction of plasma flows with magnetic fields and magnetized background plasmas. The inductive loads used in these experiments were designed using a filament and a finite element modeling approaches. Magnetic fields up to 2 MG (200 T) were measured by using the Faraday rotation technique.

Martinez, D.; Plechaty, C.; Presura, R.

2007-01-01

224

Laboratory solvent reuse -- Liquid chromatography  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work was to develop a method for reduction of waste solvent in the Process Engineering Chemistry Laboratory. The liquid chromatographs are the largest generators of explosive-contaminated waste in the laboratory. We developed a successful process for the reuse of solvents from the liquid chromatographs and demonstrated the utility of the process in the assay of hexanitrostilbene.

Quinlin, W.T.; Schaffer, C.L.

1992-11-01

225

Wire Object Detection Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An analytic study and an experimental feasibility demonstration of the detection of wire objects has been completed. The techniques employed were based upon the geometric compatibility of the object to be detected and the sensor used, which in this instan...

R. Kleehammer

1978-01-01

226

CRCHD - Goals & Objectives  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - Goals & Objectives  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research PNP Project Listing Northwest Native American Patient Navigation Pilot Program (NW PNP) Goals & Objectives Patient Navigation Research Program (PNRP) Northwest Native American

227

Object Location Memory Explanation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Silverman and Eals (1992) developed a task to measure object location memory. This page describes the classic object location task and offers suggestions for investigating gender differences related to the task.

228

Complex Object Hashing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An important characteristic of many new data models is the capability of constructing complex data objects. These complex data objects usually include set valued attributes. The efficiency of the implementation of sets heavily depends on the efficiency of...

H. Duchene V. Turau

1990-01-01

229

Survivability via Control Objectives  

SciTech Connect

Control objectives open an additional front in the survivability battle. A given set of control objectives is valuable if it represents good practices, it is complete (it covers all the necessary areas), and it is auditable. CobiT and BS 7799 are two examples of control objective sets.

CAMPBELL,PHILIP L.

2000-08-11

230

Objects in Motion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One thing scientists study is how objects move. A famous scientist named Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) spent a lot of time observing objects in motion and came up with three laws that describe how things move. This explanation only deals with the first of his three laws of motion. Newton's First Law of Motion says that moving objects will continue…

Damonte, Kathleen

2004-01-01

231

Performance Objectives Development Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Michigan Vocational Education Service, in September 1972, implemented a Performance Objectives Development Project to generate objectives for all vocational/technical education programs in the State. It was necessary that each school district adopt a set of minimum performance objectives for each program to retain the district's priority for…

Michigan State Dept. of Education, Lansing. Vocational Education and Career Development Service.

232

Temporal Probabilistic Object Bases  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are numerous applications where we have to deal with temporal uncertainty associ- ated with objects. The ability to automatically store and manipulate time, probabilities, and objects is important. We propose a data model and algebra for temporal probabilistic object bases (TPOBs) which allows us to specify the probability with which an event occurs at a given time point. In

Veronica Biazzo; Rosalba Giugno; Thomas Lukasiewicz; V. S. Subrahmanian

2003-01-01

233

Music Objectives: Second Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document describes the development of objectives and presents objectives formulated by music educators, lay individuals, and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) staff in 1973. Objectives from the first music assessment were reappraised, reviewed, and revised to include greater breadth of application, greater emphasis on the…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO. National Assessment of Educational Progress.

234

Media Objectives for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this book is to provide a compendium of instructional objectives concerning instructional media and materials. It is useful for either teacher training programs or college level media courses. Each objective is stated behaviorally, such as "list the important features of a tape recorder." Objectives are arranged by medium. The media…

Arrasjid, Harun, Ed.; Arrasjid, Dorine, Ed.

235

Understanding Object Motion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many types of common objects, such as tools and vehicles, usually move in simple ways when they are wielded or driven: The natural axes of the object tend to remain aligned with the local trihedron defined by the object's trajectory. Based on this observa...

Z. Duriel E. Rivlin A. Rosenfeld

1997-01-01

236

The Language of Objection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whenever the author talks to audiences about transforming school systems, without exception people raise objections. The half dozen most common objections often come in the form of "Yes, nice idea but..." What follows the "but" is the objection. The author learned a technique for responding to these "buts" from family members who work in sales.…

Duffy, Francis M.

2010-01-01

237

Organization of Swiss Institute for Reactor Research and Its Primary Objectives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The organization of the EIR and its primary objectives are briefly outlined. The studies made in the areas of reactor development, teaching, chemistry, electronics, hot cells, isotope production, metallurgy, and physics are indicated. A list of publicatio...

1974-01-01

238

Goals and Objectives, San Juan Council of Governments, San Juan County, New Mexico.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study is to present in outline form the goals, objectives and standards of the San Juan Council of Governments for physical development of the county and its incorporated political subdivisions.

1973-01-01

239

INSTRUCTIONAL PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES FOR A COURSE IN GENERAL BIOLOGY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES OF A FRESHMAN COURSE IN GENERAL BIOLOGY ARE ORGANIZED FOR THE STUDENT'S EASE OF REFERENCE. THE COURSE IS OUTLINED, BY DEGREE OF COMPLEXITY, AS FOLLOWS--(1) ORIENTATION AND INTRODUCTION, (2) ORIGIN AND ORGANIZATION OF LIFE, (3) CYTOLOGY, (4) METABOLISM AND BIOCHEMISTRY, (5) PLANT LIFE (VASCULAR AND NON-VASCULAR), (6)…

MAFFETT, JAMES E.

240

User Centered Design of a Learning Object Repository  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work outlines the design process of a user centered learning object repository. A repository should foster the development and acquisition of both generic and specific informational competencies. The results of the first stage of the user centered design process are presented which provide a clear understanding of user and task requirements and the context of use. A user study

Núria Ferran; Ana-elena Guerrero-roldán; Enric Mor; Julià Minguillón

2009-01-01

241

Survey and Classification of Spatial Object Manipulation Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines a classification scheme for spatial object manipulation techniques based on naturalness, range of interaction space, degrees of freedom, and atomic actions. Design implications of each category are discussed. Subsequently, a number of current 3D input devices are reviewed in light of the proposed classification scheme and some general conclusions are drawn highlighting some of the limitations of

Sriram Subramanian; Wijnand IJsselsteijn

2000-01-01

242

Characterisation of a Stereo Matching and Object Location System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this report we demonstrate and characterise a 3D wireframe model matcher, applied to a stereo object location problem typical of many industrial machine vision applications, and relate its design to the methodology we proposed as an earlier component of this project (41). We begin by outlining the stereo requirements of a 3D model matcher, and in this context discuss

G. A. Buonaccorsi; A. J. Lacey; N. A. Thacker

243

Towards Predictable Real-time Java Object Request Brokers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distributed real-time and embedded (DRE) applications often possess stringent quality of service (QoS) require- ments. Designing middleware for DRE applications poses several challenges to object request broker (ORB) develop- ers. This paper provides the following contributions to the study of middleware for DRE applications. First, we outline the challenges present in one of the principal ORB compo- nents - the

Arvind S. Krishna; Raymond Klefstad; Douglas C. Schmidt; Angelo Corsaro

2003-01-01

244

Management by Objectives: A Program of Measured Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Management by objectives (MBO) is defined and an MBO program adapted for clinic services of a college of podiatric medicine is presented. Major steps with specific examples for goal setting, action planning, self-control, and periodic review are outlined. (Author/MLW)

Block, Philip

1980-01-01

245

Phase B-final definition and preliminary design study for the initial Atmospheric Cloud Physics Laboratory (ACPL). A spacelab mission payload  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Progress in the development of the Atmospheric Cloud Physics Laboratory is outlined. The fluid subsystem, aerosol generator, expansion chamber, optical system, control systems, and software are included.

1976-01-01

246

Learning to recognize objects.  

PubMed

A theory of object recognition requires a theory of shape. Despite considerable empirical and theoretical research, however, a definition of object shape has proved elusive. Two experiments provide new insights by showing that children's object recognition changes dramatically during the period between 17 and 25 months. During this time, children develop the ability to recognize stylized three-dimensional caricatures of known and novel objects. This ability is linked to the number of object names in children's vocabularies, suggesting that category learning may be a driving force behind the developmental changes. PMID:12741748

Smith, Linda B

2003-05-01

247

Outline for reusable reentry satellite system specification, volumes 1 - volume 9  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This document describes the outline proposed by the SAIC team for the RRS System Specification document. This document will be updated periodically during the course of the study, providing design insights and information pertinent to the various elements of the RRS design. The RRS System Specification document organization is shown schematically. The RRS Vehicle (RRV), Payload Module (PM), and the Operations Support (OS) are the three main segments of the overall system for which formal interface control will exist. The number and relationship of these interface specifications to the main segments is also shown.

1989-10-01

248

Leiomyosarcoma of Pulmonary Vein Presenting as Left Atrial Mass: An Outline of Management Principles  

PubMed Central

Leiomyosarcoma of the pulmonary vein is rare and has poor prognosis. Its clinical features are nonspecific and mimic benign conditions. Early diagnosis is challenging. Most cases have been diagnosed only at autopsy or on postoperative histology specimens. Treatment is essentially palliative complete surgical excision. We outline the principles of management with the case of a 39-year-old man with leiomyosarcoma of the left pulmonary veins extending into the left atrium. Extensive investigation to achieve early diagnosis and determine extent of disease is essential. Frozen section guided adequate excision of all cardiac tumours and resection of involved lung tissue achieve local disease control. Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy has been shown to enhance survival.

Gukop, Philemon; Frassetto, Guido; Karapanagiotidis, Georgios; Chandrasekaran, Venkatachalam

2012-01-01

249

Outline for establishment of the Taihu-Lake Basin early warning system.  

PubMed

The technical support system for establishment of the Taihu-Lake Basin early warning system (TBEWS) was designed based on the characteristics of water environment. It involves recognition and the dynamic environmental risk assessment, early warning, risk management, and emergency decision etc. Getting data and information on time, sharing information within different regimes, establishing the multiple coupling models for calculation, and the uncertainty analysis methods are the hardness works for establishment of TBEWS. This research suggested an outline for the first time to develop and exam the multiple coupling models for establishment of TBEWS. PMID:19507024

Li, Weixin; Zhang, Yongchun; Liu, Zhuang; Cai, Jinbang; Zhang, Xuxiang; Cheng, Shupei

2009-08-01

250

Aircraft Fuel, Fuel Metering, Induction and Exhaust Systems (Course Outline), Aviation Mechanics (Power Plant): 9057.02.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents an outline for a 135-hour course designed to help the trainee gain the skills and knowledge necessary to become an aviation powerplant mechanic. The course outlines the theory of operation of various fuel systems, fuel metering, induction, and exhaust system components with an emphasis on troubleshooting, maintenance, and…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

251

Aircraft Materials, Processes, Cleaning and Corrosion Control (Course Outline), Aviation Mechanics 1 (Power and Frame): 9073.01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents an outline for a 135-hour course designed to familiarize the beginning student with the basic concepts common to aircraft materials and processes, together with the requirements of proper cleaning and corrosion control as outlined by the Federal Aviation Agency. The aviation airframe and powerplant maintenance technician is…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

252

Plant Growth and Development: An Outline for a Unit Structured Around the Life Cycle of Rapid-Cycling Brassica Rapa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This outline is intended for use in a unit of 10-12 lectures on plant growth and development at the introductory undergraduate level as part of a course on organismal biology. The series of lecture outlines is structured around the life cycle of rapid-cycling Brassica rapa (RCBr). The unit begins with three introductory lectures on general plant…

Becker, Wayne M.

253

A Study of the Effects of Outlining and Networking on College Students' Comprehension and Retention of Expository Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the effects on college students in a study skills course of five hours of instruction in outlining; networking, a form graphically organizing materials; and memory techniques and library research. Though all groups showed improvement in comprehension and retention of texts, the outlining group doubled the gains realized by the others.…

Iovino, Suzanne F.

1993-01-01

254

Pose estimation of multi-part curved objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show that alignment-like techniques can be used for the pose estimation of a large class of structured curved objects. We demonstrate that although it is difficult to isolate distinguished points on the outlines of such objects, high-level descriptions, extracted from a 2D image, based on a part-based formalism using sub-classes of generalized cylinders provide means to establish quasi-invariant correspondences

Mourad Zerroug; Ramakant Nevatia

1995-01-01

255

Patterned postmortem ant abrasions outlining clothing and body position after death.  

PubMed

Analysis of a series of cases where post mortem lesions had been caused by ant activity demonstrated two types of specific lesions, the first associated with clothing, and the second with the position of the body of the decedent. The first type of injury consisted of areas of abraded parchmented skin with well-defined straight edges that marked the perimeter of clothing. The second lesion consisted of circular abraded injuries that outlined the junction between the body and the surface that it was resting on, essentially tracing the outline of the point of contact. In both situations ants had been unable to gain access to skin beneath elasticized clothing or parts of the body pressed against the floor or ground. This had resulted in a visual record of the edge of clothing and the position of parts of the body after death. This information may be important if clothing has been removed prior to autopsy or if lividity is minimal. These unique lesions also show that not all insect predation on bodies obscures information. PMID:25066165

Byard, Roger W; Heath, Karen J

2014-08-01

256

Appalachian Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Frostburg, Maryland, AL conducts research in aquatic ecology, landscape and watershed ecology, conservation biology and restoration ecology, behavioral and evolutionary ecology, and study both freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems of Maryland and other locations in the United States and the world. Site contains information regarding the facilities, faculty, on going research, education opportunities, and seminars. Also features information on the other UMCES laboratories.

257

Appalachian Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Frostburg, Maryland, AL conducts research in aquatic ecology, landscape and watershed ecology, conservation biology and restoration ecology, behavioral and evolutionary ecology, and study both freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems of Maryland and other locations in the United States and the world. Site contains information regarding the facilities, faculty, on going research, education opportunities, and seminars. Also features information on the other UMCES laboratories.

2011-06-14

258

Computer control of check laboratories  

Microsoft Academic Search

By control of technical or organizational-technical objects is meant the introduction of corrections into their operating regimes and procedures on the basis of the information obtained and processed concerning these objects. Control of the work of a check laboratory presupposes, in particular, the periodic introduction of corrections into the solution of such problems as the selection of the optimal number

L. N. Zakashanskii; L. A. Lubochkov; D. I. Maiorov

1971-01-01

259

Pygmalion in the laboratory.  

PubMed

Testers and bystanders can inadvertently lead subjects to answers in laboratories and in classrooms, in face-to-face tests of human beings and other animals. Many modern investigators avoid leading by using blind tests scrupulously. This article shows how to design blind tests and illustrates common methodological errors that allow leading to confound experimental results. The object is to help experimenters, editors, and readers detect and avoid a common experimental error that often has profound theoretical implications. PMID:22324284

Gardner, R Allen; Scheel, Matthew H; Shaw, Heidi L

2011-01-01

260

Objects in the Sky  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are objects that can be seen in the sky during the day? Alabama Course of Study Science Gr K Objective 10: Identify objects observed in the day sky with the unaided eye, including the sun, clouds, moon, and rainbows. What can you see during the day? clouds 1, clouds 2 writeInsertLink('projectBody','clouds 2'); Moon writeInsertLink('projectBody','Moon'); Rainbow writeInsertLink('projectBody','Rainbow'); sunrise writeInsertLink('projectBody','sunrise'); ...

Saltsman, Miss

2010-04-01

261

Propelling Extended Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A force acting on just part of an extended object (either a solid or a volume of a liquid) can cause all of it to move. That motion is due to the transmission of the force through the object by its material. This paper discusses how the force is distributed to all of the object by a gradient of stress or pressure in it, which creates the local…

Humbert, Richard

2010-01-01

262

Perception and its objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early modern empiricists thought that the nature of perceptual experience is given by citing the object presented to the mind\\u000a in that experience. Hallucination and illusion suggest that this requires untenable mind-dependent objects. Current orthodoxy\\u000a replaces the appeal to direct objects with the claim that perceptual experience is characterized instead by its representational\\u000a content. This paper argues that the move

Bill Brewer

2007-01-01

263

Robot Grasps Rotating Object  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Experimental robotic system semiautomatically grasps rotating object, stops rotation, and pulls object to rest in fixture. Based on combination of advanced techniques for sensing and control, constructed to test concepts for robotic recapture of spinning artificial satellites. Potential terrestrial applications for technology developed with help of system includes tracking and grasping of industrial parts on conveyor belts, tracking of vehicles and animals, and soft grasping of moving objects in general.

Wilcox, Brian H.; Tso, Kam S.; Litwin, Todd E.; Hayati, Samad A.; Bon, Bruce B.

1991-01-01

264

Object operations benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performance is a major issue in the acceptance of object-oriented and relational database systems aimed at engineering applications such as computer-aided software engineering (CASE) and computer-aided design (CAD). Because traditional database systems benchmarks are inapproriate to measure performance for operations on engineering objects, we designed a new benchmark Object Operations version 1 (OO1) to focus on important characteristics of these

R. G. G. Cattell; J. Skeen

1992-01-01

265

Dynamic holography for extended object beam shaping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a laboratory experiment to improve the energy-on-target for an extended object. We utilize an iterative approach combining digital holography for detection and SLM beam shaping for object re-illumination. We developed a technique to modify the SLM phase to prevent oversharpening of glints and other high intensity return signal points that cause the beam to collapse to a single point with further iterations. Instead, the gain is increased as more light uniformly hits the intended target with each iteration. We present laboratory results to verify this approach and demonstrate the increased gain resulting from this dynamic beam-shaping.

Watnik, Abbie T.; Lebow, Paul S.

2013-09-01

266

Moving Object Control System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method is provided for controlling two objects relatively moveable with respect to each other. A plurality of receivers are provided for detecting a distinctive microwave signal from each of the objects and measuring the phase thereof with respect to a reference signal. The measured phase signal is used to determine a distance between each of the objects and each of the plurality of receivers. Control signals produced in response to the relative distances are used to control the position of the two objects.

Arndt, G. Dickey (Inventor); Carl, James R. (Inventor)

2001-01-01

267

Objective quality measures assessment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A study was performed to assess the ability of five objective quality measures to predict perceptual quality difference ratings. The objective measures included peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR), root-mean-square error (RMSE), maximum absolute difference (MAD), the Image Quality Metric (IQM), and the just-noticeable-difference (JND) metric. Perceptual difference ratings used the National Image Interpretability Rating Scale (NIIRS). NIIRS data from four previous studies of bandwidth compression and image processing were compared to values of the five objective measures to determine whether any of the objective metrics could be used as a substitute for the labor-intensive NIIRS ratings.

Leachtenauer, Jon C.

2002-07-01

268

Cooperative group problem solving laboratories for introductory classes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Problem solving laboratories comprise an important part of our introductory physics courses at Minnesota. These courses emphasize learning fundamental physics through problem solving using cooperative groups. This paper outlines the structure and rationale for both the algebra-based and calculus-based introductory courses. The sample class is one of four laboratory problems on the topic of forces. A section of our student laboratory manual, including the introduction and this problem, is given in this paper.

Heller, Patricia; Foster, Thomas M.; Heller, Kenneth

2006-05-31

269

Creating, implementing, and sustaining an advanced optical spectroscopy laboratory course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An upper-division laboratory course in atomic and molecular spectroscopy is described. Examples of outcomes that also benefit second-year physics laboratories and demonstrations in introductory courses are presented. The overarching goal that drove the development of the course was to assist students in understanding the fundamental connections between atomic and molecular spectra and the underlying structures. A selection of laboratory experiences supporting this goal, and the equipment and techniques necessary to provide them, are outlined.

Blue, Jennifer; Bayram, S. B.; Marcum, S. D.

2012-06-06

270

Scope on Safety: When is a classroom a laboratory?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the bare bones that must exist for a room to be considered safe for teaching laboratory science? This month's issue of Scope on Safety addresses this question by first defining when a laboratory is really considered a laboratory. Next, the basic safety standards for middle school science labs are outlined according to OSHA standards and the Environmental Protection Agency. Lastly, the article discusses how to meet the safety needs of the science activity with the facility.

Roy, Ken

2007-03-01

271

To Grasp or Not to Grasp: Infants' Actions toward Objects and Pictures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We conducted two experiments to address questions over whether 9-month-old infants believe that objects depicted in realistic photographs can be picked up. In Experiment 1, we presented 9-month-old infants with realistic color photographs of objects, colored outlines of objects, abstract colored "blobs," and blank pages. Infants most commonly…

Ziemer, Christine J.; Plumert, Jodie M.; Pick, Anne D.

2012-01-01

272

Beyond Behavioral Objectives: Criteria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presentation addresses ways in which appropriate criteria for behavioral objectives with the severely handicapped are developed. Two kinds of criteria--those that established specified units and those that provide a standard to determine when the student has completed work on a specific objective--are identified. Specific considerations in…

Sobsey, Dick

273

Visually Guided Object Grasping  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a visual servoing approach to the problem of object grasping and more generally, to the problem of aligning an end-effector with an object. First we extend the method proposed in (1) to the case of a camera which is not mounted onto the robot being controlled and we stress the importance of the real-time estimation

Radu Horaud; Fadi Dornaika; Bernard Espiau

1995-01-01

274

Images of Axial Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Imaging of three-dimensional objects by lenses and mirrors is sometimes poorly indicated in textbooks and can be incorrectly drawn. We stress a need to clarify the concept of longitudinal magnification, with simulated images illustrating distortions introduced along the optical axis. We consider all possible positions of the object for both a…

Rabal, Hector; Cap, Nelly; Trivi, Marcelo

2011-01-01

275

Animating Exploding Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper explores the physically-based modeling of a blast wave impact on surrounding objects. We propose a connected voxel representation of objects to model explosions that result in realistic solid debris, rather than flat polygons. The paper also presents improved fracture algorithms capable of accounting for the dam- age of multiple explosions. The important implementa- tion issues and the results

Oleg Mazarak; Claude Martins; John Amanatides

1999-01-01

276

Objectivity and Multivariate Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues the author has explored in his work on the philosophy of statistics are reviewed. Indeterminacy, the place of empiricism, questions of causation and causality, and explorations of language have preceded the study of objectivity. The relationship between objectivity and multivariate statistics is examined. (SLD)

Mulaik, Stanley A.

1993-01-01

277

PREPARING INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PROGRAMED TEXT INCLUDES A SELF-TEST OF ITS CONTENTS AND DEMONSTRATES HOW TO SPECIFY INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES BY BEHAVIOR OBSERVABLE IN A LEARNER, AND HOW TO WRITE OBJECTIVES, DEFINE DESIRED TERMINAL BEHAVIOR, AND STATE CRITERIA OF SUCCESSFUL LEARNING. THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE FOR $1.75 FROM FEARON PUBLISHERS, INC., 2165 PARK BLVD., PALO…

MAGER, ROBERT F.

278

Tracking falling objects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Moving lens follows movement of object accelerated by gravity. Lenses and mirrors maintain constant magnification regardless of distance between moving optical carriage mechanism and fixed telescope. Device tracks objects up to 2 cm in diameter over vertical distance of 2 m.

Frazer, R. E.

1981-01-01

279

Dynamic Object Process Graphs  

Microsoft Academic Search

A trace is a record of the execution of a computer program, showing the sequence of operations executed. A trace may be obtained through static or dynamic analysis. An object trace contains only those opera- tions that relate to a particular object. Traces can be very large for longer system execu- tions. Moreover, they lack structure because they do not

Jochen Quante; Rainer Koschke

2006-01-01

280

Lunar laboratory  

SciTech Connect

An international research laboratory can be established on the Moon in the early years of the 21st Century. It can be built using the transportation system now envisioned by NASA, which includes a space station for Earth orbital logistics and orbital transfer vehicles for Earth-Moon transportation. A scientific laboratory on the Moon would permit extended surface and subsurface geological exploration; long-duration experiments defining the lunar environment and its modification by surface activity; new classes of observations in astronomy; space plasma and fundamental physics experiments; and lunar resource development. The discovery of a lunar source for propellants may reduce the cost of constructing large permanent facilities in space and enhance other space programs such as Mars exploration. 29 refs.

Keaton, P.W.; Duke, M.B.

1986-01-01

281

Laboratory accreditation  

SciTech Connect

Accreditation can offer many benefits to a testing or calibration laboratory, including increased marketability of services, reduced number of outside assessments, and improved quality of services. Compared to ISO 9000 registration, the accreditation process includes a review of the entire quality system, but in addition a review of testing or calibration procedures by a technical expert and participation in proficiency testing in the areas of accreditation. Within the DOE, several facilities have recently become accredited in the area of calibration, including Sandia National Laboratories, Oak Ridge, AlliedSignal FM and T; Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Co., and Pacific Northwest National Lab. At the national level, a new non-profit organization was recently formed called the National Cooperation for Laboratory Accreditation (NACLA). The goal of NACLA is to develop procedures, following national and international requirements, for the recognition of competent accreditation bodies in the US. NACLA is a voluntary partnership between the public and private sectors with the goal of a test or calibration performed once and accepted world wide. The NACLA accreditation body recognition process is based on the requirements of ISO Guide 25 and Guide 58. A membership drive will begin some time this fall to solicit organizational members and an election of a permanent NACLA Board of Directors will follow later this year or early 1999.

Pettit, R.B.

1998-08-01

282

Real-time detection and data acquisition system for the left ventricular outline  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper describes the design and capabilities of a computer-interfaced angiocardiographic automated border recognizer for real-time detection and data acquisition regarding the left ventricular outline. The contour detection is based on a thresholding technique that uses an analog comparator to compare the video signal with a constant reference level, which can be used satisfactorily only if the brightness level is roughly constant along a ventricular border. The use of dynamic reference level is described for achieving a marked improvement by having the reference level dynamically adjusted according to local brightness levels on a line-to-line basis. Also discussed are the features of the computer interface designed and implemented for the real-time on-line storage of the obtained border coordinates. Results to date indicate that the system provides an accurate left ventricular contour even in pictures with relatively low contrast. Application of the threshold detection technique to echocardiography is briefly discussed.

Reiber, J. H. C.

1975-01-01

283

Specialized Measures of Leaf Outlines and Hierarchical Perceptrons in AN Automatic Identification of Plants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of an efficient image-based computer identification system for plants or other organisms is an important ambitious goal, which is still far from realization. This paper presents three new methods potentially usable for such a system: fractal-based measures of complexity of leaf outline, a heuristic algorithm for automatic detection of leaf parts — the blade and the petiole, and a hierarchical perceptron — a kind of neural network classifier. The next few sets of automatically extractable features of leaf blades, encompassed those presented and/or traditionally used, are compared in the task of plant identification using the simplest known "nearest neighbor" identification algorithm, and more realistic neural network classifiers, especially the hierarchical. We show on two real data sets that the presented techniques are really usable for automatic identification, and are worthy of further investigation.

Borkowski, Wojciech; Kostrzy?ska, Lidia

284

Present status of the Bevalac and design outline of proposed medical accelerator  

SciTech Connect

The Bevalac currently supports a strong and diverse program of scientific research with beams of relativistic heavy ions in the Biomedical and Nuclear Sciences. These programs utilize ions throughout the Periodic Table that range in energy from a few MeV to 2 GeV/nucleon, including radioactive secondary beams, such as neon-19. This paper first provides a brief overview of the Bevalac, its present operational status and the accelerator improvement program, followed by a rationale for the proposed construction of a hospital-based modern synchrotron dedicated to applications in Biomedicine, including the radiotherapeutic treatment of cancer and other human disorders. An outline of the proposed design for the new machine is given, including discussion of the design philosophy, a review of major accelerator components, and the expected performance and operating characteristics.

Gough, R.A.

1986-03-01

285

Accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power stations of TEPCO--outline & lessons learned.  

PubMed

The severe accident that broke out at Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power stations on March 11, 2011, caused seemingly infinite damage to the daily life of residents. Serious and wide-spread contamination of the environment occurred due to radioactive materials discharged from nuclear power stations (NPSs). At the same time, many issues were highlighted concerning countermeasures to severe nuclear accidents. The accident is outlined, and lessons learned are extracted with respect to the safety of NPSs, as well as radiation protection of residents under the emergency involving the accident. The materials of the current paper are those released by governmental agencies, academic societies, interim reports of committees under the government, and others. PMID:23138450

Tanaka, Shun-ichi

2012-01-01

286

Laser refractive tomography of phase objects  

SciTech Connect

The principles are outlined of laser refractive tomography - a method for reconstructing the values of the refractive index in the cross sections of phase objects, which involves the use of three-dimensional refractive images (3D refractograms) of structured laser radiation. A simulation algorithm is realised and examples are provided of characteristic 3D refractograms obtained by solving the direct problem of refraction of structured radiation. A method was developed for reconstructing the values of refractive index under conditions of strong refraction, which is based on the visualisation of ray trajectories inside an optically inhomogeneous medium. A classification is made of possible approaches to the solution of the inverse problem of refraction based on the visualisation of ray trajectories. Examples are given of cross section reconstruction and quantitative diagnostics of phase objects. (laser imaging)

Raskovskaya, I L [National Research University ''Moscow Power Engineering Institute'', Moscow (Russian Federation)

2013-06-30

287

Object Locating System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A portable system is provided that is operational for determining, with three dimensional resolution, the position of a buried object or approximately positioned object that may move in space or air or gas. The system has a plurality of receivers for detecting the signal front a target antenna and measuring the phase thereof with respect to a reference signal. The relative permittivity and conductivity of the medium in which the object is located is used along with the measured phase signal to determine a distance between the object and each of the plurality of receivers. Knowing these distances. an iteration technique is provided for solving equations simultaneously to provide position coordinates. The system may also be used for tracking movement of an object within close range of the system by sampling and recording subsequent position of the object. A dipole target antenna. when positioned adjacent to a buried object, may be energized using a separate transmitter which couples energy to the target antenna through the medium. The target antenna then preferably resonates at a different frequency, such as a second harmonic of the transmitter frequency.

Arndt, G. Dickey (Inventor); Carl, James R. (Inventor)

2000-01-01

288

Technical Assistance Guide: Working with DOE National Laboratories (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

A fact sheet that provides an overview of FEMP's technical assistance through the Department of Energy's National Laboratories. The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) facilitates the Federal Government's implementation of sound, cost-effective energy management and investment practices to enhance the nation's energy security and environmental stewardship. To advance that mission, FEMP fosters collaboration between Federal agencies and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories. This guide outlines technical assistance capabilities and expertise at DOE national laboratories. Any laboratory assistance must be in accordance with Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Subpart 35.017 requirements and the laboratory's designation as Federal Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC) facilities.

Not Available

2012-07-01

289

Locating underwater objects. [technology transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Underwater search operations are considered to be engineering and operational problems. A process for proper definition of the problem and selection of instrumentation and operational procedures is described. An outline of underwater search instrumentation and techniques is given.

Grice, C. F.

1974-01-01

290

Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program FY 2007 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program reports its status to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in March of each year. The program operates under the authority of DOE Order 413.2B, 'Laboratory Directed Research and Development' (April 19, 2006), which establishes DOE's requirements for the program while providing the Laboratory Director broad flexibility for program implementation. LDRD funds are obtained through a charge to all Laboratory programs. This report includes summaries for all ORNL LDRD research activities supported during FY 2007. The associated FY 2007 ORNL LDRD Self-Assessment (ORNL/PPA-2008/2) provides financial data and an internal evaluation of the program's management process. ORNL is a DOE multiprogram science, technology, and energy laboratory with distinctive capabilities in materials science and engineering, neutron science and technology, energy production and end-use technologies, biological and environmental science, and scientific computing. With these capabilities ORNL conducts basic and applied research and development (R&D) to support DOE's overarching mission to advance the national, economic, and energy security of the United States and promote scientific and technological innovation in support of that mission. As a national resource, the Laboratory also applies its capabilities and skills to specific needs of other federal agencies and customers through the DOE Work for Others (WFO) program. Information about the Laboratory and its programs is available on the Internet at http://www.ornl.gov/. LDRD is a relatively small but vital DOE program that allows ORNL, as well as other DOE laboratories, to select a limited number of R&D projects for the purpose of: (1) maintaining the scientific and technical vitality of the Laboratory; (2) enhancing the Laboratory's ability to address future DOE missions; (3) fostering creativity and stimulating exploration of forefront science and technology; (4) serving as a proving ground for new research; and (5) supporting high-risk, potentially high-value R&D. Through LDRD the Laboratory is able to improve its distinctive capabilities and enhance its ability to conduct cutting-edge R&D for its DOE and WFO sponsors. To meet the LDRD objectives and fulfill the particular needs of the Laboratory, ORNL has established a program with two components: the Director's R&D Fund and the Seed Money Fund. As outlined in Table 1, these two funds are complementary. The Director's R&D Fund develops new capabilities in support of the Laboratory initiatives, while the Seed Money Fund is open to all innovative ideas that have the potential for enhancing the Laboratory's core scientific and technical competencies. Provision for multiple routes of access to ORNL LDRD funds maximizes the likelihood that novel ideas with scientific and technological merit will be recognized and supported.

Sjoreen, Terrence P [ORNL

2008-04-01

291

Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program FY 2005 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program reports its status to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in March of each year. The program operates under the authority of DOE Order 413.2A, 'Laboratory Directed Research and Development' (January 8, 2001), which establishes DOE's requirements for the program while providing the Laboratory Director broad flexibility for program implementation. LDRD funds are obtained through a charge to all Laboratory programs. This report describes all ORNL LDRD research activities supported during FY 2005 and includes final reports for completed projects and shorter progress reports for projects that were active, but not completed, during this period. The FY 2005 ORNL LDRD Self-Assessment (ORNL/PPA-2006/2) provides financial data about the FY 2005 projects and an internal evaluation of the program's management process. ORNL is a DOE multiprogram science, technology, and energy laboratory with distinctive capabilities in materials science and engineering, neutron science and technology, energy production and end-use technologies, biological and environmental science, and scientific computing. With these capabilities ORNL conducts basic and applied research and development (R&D) to support DOE's overarching national security mission, which encompasses science, energy resources, environmental quality, and national nuclear security. As a national resource, the Laboratory also applies its capabilities and skills to the specific needs of other federal agencies and customers through the DOE Work For Others (WFO) program. Information about the Laboratory and its programs is available on the Internet at . LDRD is a relatively small but vital DOE program that allows ORNL, as well as other multiprogram DOE laboratories, to select a limited number of R&D projects for the purpose of: (1) maintaining the scientific and technical vitality of the Laboratory; (2) enhancing the Laboratory's ability to address future DOE missions; (3) fostering creativity and stimulating exploration of forefront science and technology; (4) serving as a proving ground for new research; and (5) supporting high-risk, potentially high-value R&D. Through LDRD the Laboratory is able to improve its distinctive capabilities and enhance its ability to conduct cutting-edge R&D for its DOE and WFO sponsors. To meet the LDRD objectives and fulfill the particular needs of the Laboratory, ORNL has established a program with two components: the Director's R&D Fund and the Seed Money Fund. As outlined in Table 1, these two funds are complementary. The Director's R&D Fund develops new capabilities in support of the Laboratory initiatives, while the Seed Money Fund is open to all innovative ideas that have the potential for enhancing the Laboratory's core scientific and technical competencies. Provision for multiple routes of access to ORNL LDRD funds maximizes the likelihood that novel and seminal ideas with scientific and technological merit will be recognized and supported.

Sjoreen, Terrence P [ORNL

2006-04-01

292

Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program FY 2004 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program reports its status to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in March of each year. The program operates under the authority of DOE Order 413.2A, 'Laboratory Directed Research and Development' (January 8, 2001), which establishes DOE's requirements for the program while providing the Laboratory Director broad flexibility for program implementation. LDRD funds are obtained through a charge to all Laboratory programs. This report describes all ORNL LDRD research activities supported during FY 2004 and includes final reports for completed projects and shorter progress reports for projects that were active, but not completed, during this period. The FY 2004 ORNL LDRD Self-Assessment (ORNL/PPA-2005/2) provides financial data about the FY 2004 projects and an internal evaluation of the program's management process. ORNL is a DOE multiprogram science, technology, and energy laboratory with distinctive capabilities in materials science and engineering, neutron science and technology, energy production and end-use technologies, biological and environmental science, and scientific computing. With these capabilities ORNL conducts basic and applied research and development (R&D) to support DOE's overarching national security mission, which encompasses science, energy resources, environmental quality, and national nuclear security. As a national resource, the Laboratory also applies its capabilities and skills to the specific needs of other federal agencies and customers through the DOE Work For Others (WFO) program. Information about the Laboratory and its programs is available on the Internet at . LDRD is a relatively small but vital DOE program that allows ORNL, as well as other multiprogram DOE laboratories, to select a limited number of R&D projects for the purpose of: (1) maintaining the scientific and technical vitality of the Laboratory; (2) enhancing the Laboratory's ability to address future DOE missions; (3) fostering creativity and stimulating exploration of forefront science and technology; (4) serving as a proving ground for new research; and (5) supporting high-risk, potentially high-value R&D. Through LDRD the Laboratory is able to improve its distinctive capabilities and enhance its ability to conduct cutting-edge R&D for its DOE and WFO sponsors. To meet the LDRD objectives and fulfill the particular needs of the Laboratory, ORNL has established a program with two components: the Director's R&D Fund and the Seed Money Fund. As outlined in Table 1, these two funds are complementary. The Director's R&D Fund develops new capabilities in support of the Laboratory initiatives, while the Seed Money Fund is open to all innovative ideas that have the potential for enhancing the Laboratory's core scientific and technical competencies. Provision for multiple routes of access to ORNL LDRD funds maximizes the likelihood that novel and seminal ideas with scientific and technological merit will be recognized and supported.

Sjoreen, Terrence P [ORNL

2005-04-01

293

Laboratory Simulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geophysical properties of near-Earth objects (NEOs) can best be studied using radio tomography and seismology. Reflection and transmission radio tomography is best suited for measuring the complex electric permittivity of poorly conducting materials to reveal the internal structure of NEOs. Such NEOs are primarily comet nuclei and carbonaceous asteroids. Seismic experiments are most suitable for studying elastic properties of consolidated

W. F. Huebner; J. Walker; B. Gustafson

2004-01-01

294

Radiation from hard objects  

SciTech Connect

The inference of the diameter of hard objects is insensitive to radiation efficiency. Deductions of radiation efficiency from observations are very sensitive - possibly overly so. Inferences of the initial velocity and trajectory vary similarly, and hence are comparably sensitive.

Canavan, G.H.

1997-02-01

295

Mesoscale Objective Analysis. (Revised).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Mesoscale Objective Analysis routines documented in this CP are capable of producing AFOS contoured graphics of many important basic data fields such as pressure, temperature, and dewpoint; plots of derived data fields, vorticity, convergence and stre...

J. L. Anderson A. J. Spry

1983-01-01

296

Veterinary Neurobiology Learning Objects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine, this page’s learning objects are available for veterinary students and faculty to enhance their understanding of animal neurobiology. Covering canine pain pathways, nociceptor response, and vestibular nerves, each individual Macromedia Flash file is available for use on the web or for download to the user’s desktop. The objects not only use interactive learning components, but also include specific, labeled diagrams of the anatomy being studied.

2007-01-05

297

Lensing by exotic objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many exotic astronomical objects have been introduced. Usually the objects have masses, therefore they may act as gravitational\\u000a lenses. We briefly discuss gravitational lensing with cosmic strings. As is well-known, dark matter is one of the most important\\u000a components of the Universe. Recent computer simulations indicate that dark matter may form clumps. We review gravitational\\u000a lensing (including microlensing) for the

Alexander Zakharov

2010-01-01

298

Objective quality measures assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was performed to assess the ability of five objective quality measures to predict perceptual quality difference ratings. The objective measures included peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR), root-mean-square error (RMSE), maximum absolute difference (MAD), the Image Quality Metric (IQM), and the just-noticeable-difference (JND) metric. Perceptual difference ratings used the National Image Interpretability Rating Scale (NIIRS). NIIRS data from four previous

Jon C. Leachtenauer

2002-01-01

299

Images of axial objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Imaging of three-dimensional objects by lenses and mirrors is sometimes poorly indicated in textbooks and can be incorrectly drawn. We stress a need to clarify the concept of longitudinal magnification, with simulated images illustrating distortions introduced along the optical axis. We consider all possible positions of the object for both a convergent and a divergent lens, producing real and virtual images. We also discuss spherical mirrors, elementary telescopes and microscopes.

Rabal, Héctor; Cap, Nelly; Trivi, Marcelo

2011-07-01

300

Microscale Organic Laboratory: IV. A Simple and Rapid Procedure for Carrying Out Wittig Reactions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes two examples where synthetic salt-base mixtures are used in a microscale organic laboratory program as a simple and quick procedure for carrying out Wittig reactions. Both experimental procedures are outlined and discussed. (TW)

Pike, R. M.; And Others

1986-01-01

301

Automated Microbial Metabolism Laboratory  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Automated Microbial Metabolism Laboratory (AMML) 1971-1972 program involved the investigation of three separate life detection schemes. The first was a continued further development of the labeled release experiment. The possibility of chamber reuse without inbetween sterilization, to provide comparative biochemical information was tested. Findings show that individual substrates or concentrations of antimetabolites may be sequentially added to a single test chamber. The second detection system which was investigated for possible inclusion in the AMML package of assays, was nitrogen fixation as detected by acetylene reduction. Thirdly, a series of preliminary steps were taken to investigate the feasibility of detecting biopolymers in soil. A strategy for the safe return to Earth of a Mars sample prior to manned landings on Mars is outlined. The program assumes that the probability of indigenous life on Mars is unity and then broadly presents the procedures for acquisition and analysis of the Mars sample in a manner to satisfy the scientific community and the public that adequate safeguards are being taken.

1972-01-01

302

Cooperative Health Occupation Education (Course Outline), Body Structure and Function II: 8009.09.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

GRADES OR AGES: Grade Twelve. SUBJECT MATTER: This is the second part of a two-part course on body structure and function. The subject matter includes organization, composition, and all the systems of the human body. Laboratory experiments related to first aid are also covered. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The guide contains a preface, a…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

303

Industrial Arts Performance Objectives, 1976. Four Clusters: Construction Technology, Graphic Communication Technology, Manufacturing Technology, Power and Energy Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of objectives was prepared by 35 industrial education teachers in the state of Michigan. It is indicated that these performance objectives should not be viewed as complete course objectives but rather as a listing of objectives which can be used where appropriate. After an introductory section, providing a general outline of a…

1976

304

Objects of consciousness  

PubMed Central

Current models of visual perception typically assume that human vision estimates true properties of physical objects, properties that exist even if unperceived. However, recent studies of perceptual evolution, using evolutionary games and genetic algorithms, reveal that natural selection often drives true perceptions to extinction when they compete with perceptions tuned to fitness rather than truth: Perception guides adaptive behavior; it does not estimate a preexisting physical truth. Moreover, shifting from evolutionary biology to quantum physics, there is reason to disbelieve in preexisting physical truths: Certain interpretations of quantum theory deny that dynamical properties of physical objects have definite values when unobserved. In some of these interpretations the observer is fundamental, and wave functions are compendia of subjective probabilities, not preexisting elements of physical reality. These two considerations, from evolutionary biology and quantum physics, suggest that current models of object perception require fundamental reformulation. Here we begin such a reformulation, starting with a formal model of consciousness that we call a “conscious agent.” We develop the dynamics of interacting conscious agents, and study how the perception of objects and space-time can emerge from such dynamics. We show that one particular object, the quantum free particle, has a wave function that is identical in form to the harmonic functions that characterize the asymptotic dynamics of conscious agents; particles are vibrations not of strings but of interacting conscious agents. This allows us to reinterpret physical properties such as position, momentum, and energy as properties of interacting conscious agents, rather than as preexisting physical truths. We sketch how this approach might extend to the perception of relativistic quantum objects, and to classical objects of macroscopic scale.

Hoffman, Donald D.; Prakash, Chetan

2014-01-01

305

Objects of consciousness.  

PubMed

Current models of visual perception typically assume that human vision estimates true properties of physical objects, properties that exist even if unperceived. However, recent studies of perceptual evolution, using evolutionary games and genetic algorithms, reveal that natural selection often drives true perceptions to extinction when they compete with perceptions tuned to fitness rather than truth: Perception guides adaptive behavior; it does not estimate a preexisting physical truth. Moreover, shifting from evolutionary biology to quantum physics, there is reason to disbelieve in preexisting physical truths: Certain interpretations of quantum theory deny that dynamical properties of physical objects have definite values when unobserved. In some of these interpretations the observer is fundamental, and wave functions are compendia of subjective probabilities, not preexisting elements of physical reality. These two considerations, from evolutionary biology and quantum physics, suggest that current models of object perception require fundamental reformulation. Here we begin such a reformulation, starting with a formal model of consciousness that we call a "conscious agent." We develop the dynamics of interacting conscious agents, and study how the perception of objects and space-time can emerge from such dynamics. We show that one particular object, the quantum free particle, has a wave function that is identical in form to the harmonic functions that characterize the asymptotic dynamics of conscious agents; particles are vibrations not of strings but of interacting conscious agents. This allows us to reinterpret physical properties such as position, momentum, and energy as properties of interacting conscious agents, rather than as preexisting physical truths. We sketch how this approach might extend to the perception of relativistic quantum objects, and to classical objects of macroscopic scale. PMID:24987382

Hoffman, Donald D; Prakash, Chetan

2014-01-01

306

Broad area search for regions and objects of interest  

SciTech Connect

A quad chart provides an overview on the on-going project 'Broad Area Search for Regions and Objects of Interest' funded by the DOE Office of Nonproliferation and Verification Research and Development. Specifically, the quad chart shows: (1) Project title 'Broad Area Search for Regions and Objects of Interest'; (2) PI and Co-investigators; (3) Concept Panel outlining the project's approach built upon front-end scale-space image analysis; (4) Technical Challenges posed by the project, such as robustness, non-conformities, disparate spatial configuration and weak correlation between presence of objects of interest and low-level description of the surrounding geospatial background; and (5) Planned Accomplishment.

Skurikhin, Alexei N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pope, Paul A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-12

307

Scopophilia and object loss.  

PubMed

The study of a case of voyeuristic perversion and of some previously published cases of simple scopophilia suggests that fear of object loss early in life may be an important factor predisposing one to a propensity for voyeurism. The increased need to maintain visual contact with the object and to incorporate it visually leads to a hypercathexis of the visual function which is at the base of voyeurism. This need later becomes sexualized, while still retaining its pregenital connotations. Although object loss was apparently significant in the case of the patient described in this paper, it is not necessarily a factor in all cases of perverse voyeurism and, when present, may be considered as only one element in its pathogenesis. PMID:493438

Almansi, R J

1979-10-01

308

A proposed outline and review schedule for an integrated FS-EIS  

SciTech Connect

Both CERCLA and NEPA have specific requirements for the information content, format, and review schedule of their respective Feasibility Study (FS) and Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) documents. The FS serves as the mechanism for the development, screening, and detailed evaluation of alternative remedial actions, while the EIS provides a discussion of significant environmental impacts and presents alternatives which would avoid or minimize adverse impacts or enhance the quality of the human environment. In some cases, the CERCLA and NEPA processes have been expressed as functionally equivalent'', and the need for NEPA questioned in instances where CERCLA compliance is required. This argument has been presented on the grounds that the CERCLA process addresses the information content needs of NEPA. However, in cases where EIS documents are required, specific information needs that are called for under NEPA are not typically addressed or readily fitted into the FS format (e.g. socioeconomic impacts). In addition, review schedules for an FS and an EIS differ; public comment opportunities and length of comment period differ. Where certain Federal agencies require that CERCLA and NEPA be integrated, there is often the guidance that NEPA be fitted into the CERCLA process. Using this guidance, an outline has been developed which integrates the information content needs of an FS and EIS, while maintaining, as closely as possible, the integrity of the FS format.

Ambrose, R.; Cunningham, M.; Hanrahan, T. (Science Applications International Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States))

1993-01-01

309

Laboratory investigations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Laboratory studies related to cometary grains and the nuclei of comets can be broken down into three areas which relate to understanding the spectral properties, the formation mechanisms, and the evolution of grains and nuclei: (1) Spectral studies to be used in the interpretation of cometary spectra; (2) Sample preparation experiments which may shed light on the physical nature and history of cometary grains and nuclei by exploring the effects on grain emissivities resulting from the ways in which the samples are created; and (3) Grain processing experiments which should provide insight on the interaction of cometary grains with the environment in the immediate vicinity of the cometary nucleus as the comet travels from the Oort cloud through perihelion, and perhaps even suggestions regarding the relationship between interstellar grains and cometary matter. A summary is presented with a different view of lab experiments than is found in the literature, concentrating on measurement techniques and sample preparations especially relevant to cometary dust.

Russell, Ray W.

1988-01-01

310

Virtual Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The website for the Virtual Laboratory contains a bold and direct statement: "Conventional teaching all too often accepts memorization and pattern recognition as true learning" After reading this statement, it makes sense that the goal of this site is "to help students to recognize, confront, correct, and expand their understanding of subject or a technique." The site contains five different sets of course materials that use interactive materials, short quizzes, and embedded demonstrations to assist students and teachers alike. One set of materials that should not be missed is in the Teaching & Learning Biology area. Here visitors will find links, fact sheets, and pedagogical suggestions for teaching a college-level biology course. Moving on, the Chemistry, Life, the Universe and Everything section contains a new perspective on how to reform the garden-variety general chemistry course.

2012-04-30

311

Object enhanced optical correlation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A major drawback of optical correlator systems is the poor quality of correlation signals. Background noise is one of the many sources of false correlation peaks. However, by reconstructing an input scene with the object's amplitude function, an object-enhanced scene - used as input to the optical correlators - (with respect to background) can be obtained. Thus, the optical correlation of this enhanced image improves the signal-to-noise ratio in the correlation image. Furthermore, construction of a filter plane mask that permits simultaneous scene enhancement and cross-correlation operations is described. Experimental results demonstrate the practicality of this approach.

Scholl, Marija S.; Shumate, Michael S.; Udomkesmalee, Suraphol

1991-01-01

312

Introduction to Biotechnology: Laboratory Manual  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By Linnea Fletcher, Evelyn Goss, Patricia Phelps, and Angela Wheeler, this is the laboratory manual for an introductory biotechnology course. This 134-page Word document describes the basic skills necessary for the biotechnology laboratory, such as safety, mathematics, documentation, calibration, and equipment. Each chapter contains objectives for students to accomplish, some practice lessons and questions, and laboratory activities. Students will also learn some basic processes, such as Restriction Enzyme Mapping of DNA, DNA Fingerprinting, and Southern Blot Analysis. There is also a section on bioinformatics.

Wheeler, Angela; Fletcher, Linnea; Goss, Evelyn; Phelps, Patricia

2009-09-30

313

Object oriented dynamics simulator  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multibody Dynamics and Object Oriented Programming are both leading technologies in their fields. This research combines them to produce a general purpose multibody dynamics code which is robust and easy to maintain. The simulator permits creation of mechanical systems from information specifying the properties and locations of parts, joints, springs, dampers, forces, gravity, etc. The mechanical components of the system

A. S. Koh; J. P. Park

1994-01-01

314

Objects and Classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter covers the how to:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Create objects and access properties.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Use the dynamic Object object.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Loop over objects.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Create a custom class and its methods and properties.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Define constructors and getter\\/setter methods.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Use packages and access modifiers.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Take advantage inheritance and override methods.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Now that you have an understanding of the fundamentals

Steve Webster; Todd Yard

315

Object-Oriented Cataloging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes major revisions of MARC in order to allow bibliographic records to maximize the benefits of computer databases and high-speed data networks, and suggests a strategic plan for libraries to enable an organic transformation to be made from current MARC-based cataloging to object-oriented cataloging. Numerous figures present cataloging…

Heaney, Michael

1995-01-01

316

Course Description and Objectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Course is for anyone who is interested in the New Testament Greek. It is a year-long course. The main objective of the course is the complete coverage of the grammar necessary for you to begin reading the New Testament in Greek; and the course will help you to move on to an Intermediate Greek course in which you can

Simon Lee

317

BL Lacertae Objects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

I briefly summarize the some of the major results on BL Lacertae Objects that we have obtained. We have used the EMSS sample to measure the X-ray luminosity function and cosmological evolution of BL Lacs. A new large sample of XBLs has been discovered.

J. T. Stocke

1998-01-01

318

More objects to order  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The lesson can be conducted using several other object sources. If you have students who are allergic to chocolate, the presenter can also use candy licorice with the same effect. If the teacher wants to completely avoid food items, plastic drinking straws can also be utilized. The lesson would be conducted the same way with a different medium.

2012-04-23

319

Mission objectives and trajectories  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present state of the knowledge of asteroids was assessed to identify mission and target priorities for planning asteroidal flights in the 1980's and beyond. Mission objectives, mission analysis, trajectory studies, and cost analysis are discussed. A bibliography of reports and technical memoranda is included.

1973-01-01

320

Videos on Compact Objects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site has three videos on X-ray binary systems, black hole M87, and neutron stars using either AVI or quicktime format. The videos are less than a minute long, but effectively portray these compact objects and how they behave.

2005-06-07

321

Avoiding object misconceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper identifies and describes a number of misconceptions observed in students learning about object technology. It identifies simple, concrete, measures course designers and teachers can take to avoid these misconceptions arising. The context for this work centres on an introductory undergraduate course and a postgraduate course. Both these courses are taught by distance education. These courses both use Smalltalk

Simon Holland; Robert Griffiths; Mark Woodman

1997-01-01

322

Light Travels Through Objects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners investigate and explore how light waves travel through various transparent objects such as prisms and lenses. Learners explore with light waves to investigate how light absorbs, refracts, transmits, and reflects and discover that some materials absorb light waves better than others. This activity is best if completed in small groups of 2-4 students.

Houston, Children'S M.

2008-01-01

323

Demographics of transition objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The unusual properties of transition objects (young stars with an optically thin inner disc surrounded by an optically thick outer disc) suggest that significant disc evolution has occurred in these systems. We explore the nature of these systems by examining their demographics, specifically their stellar accretion rates and disc masses Mdisc compared to those of accreting T Tauri stars of comparable age. We find that the transition objects in Taurus occupy a restricted region of the versus Mdisc plane. Compared to non-transition single stars in Taurus, they have stellar accretion rates that are typically ~10 times lower at the same disc mass and median disc masses approximately four times larger. These properties are anticipated by several proposed planet formation theories and suggest that the formation of Jovian mass planets may play a significant role in explaining the origin of at least some transition objects. Considering transition objects as a distinct demographic group among accreting T Tauri stars leads to a tighter relationship between disc masses and stellar accretion rates, with a slope between the two quantities that is close to the value of unity expected in simple theories of disc accretion.

Najita, Joan R.; Strom, Stephen E.; Muzerolle, James

2007-06-01

324

Objects and Temperature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this assessment probe is to elicit students' ideas about temperature. The task specifically probes to find out whether students recognize that non-heat-producing objects exposed to the same ambient conditions will have the same temperature, regardless of the material they are made of.

Eberle, Francis; Farrin, Lynn; Keeley, Page

2005-01-01

325

Objectives? Get over Them.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that objectives are not specific enough for the design and development of performance-improvement activities. Describes the Proforma model, a prescription of the behavior, standards, support, and noise requirements that mirror the action elements of performance at the individual, work-group, business unit, and process levels of an…

Langdon, Danny

1999-01-01

326

Safety in the SEM laboratory--1981 update  

SciTech Connect

The article reviews recent information on hazards as they relate to safety in SEM laboratories. The first section lists the safety equipment that should be available in a SEM laboratory. Flammable and combustible liquids are discussed, and particular warnings are given concerning the fire and explosion risks associated with diethyl ether and diisopropyl ether. The possible hazards associated with electrical equipment, and the risk of X-ray emissions from EM's are briefly outlined. The hazards associated with acute and chronic toxicity of chemicals used in the EM laboratory are discussed. The need to reduce exposure to a growing list of recognizable hazardous chemicals is emphasized. This reduction can be accomplished by more extensive use of functioning fume hoods, and the use of more appropriate and effective protective gloves. Allergies and the hazards of dangerous pathogens in the SEM laboratory are discussed. The explosion and other hazards associated with cryogens, vacuum evaporators, critical point dryers, and compressed gas cylinders are emphasized.

Bance, G.N.; Barber, V.C.; Sholdice, J.A.

1981-01-01

327

Amebiasis: Laboratory Diagnosis. Part III. Laboratory Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Study program designed for individual instruction. The lesson presents diagnostic characteristics of the various species of intestinal amoeba and the laboratory methods used for laboratory examinations.

M. M. Brooke R. K. Carver D. M. Melvin R. L. Reynolds J. H. Harless

1976-01-01

328

AKARI IRC Survey of the Large Magellanic Cloud: Outline of the Survey and Initial Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We observed an area of 10deg2 of the Large Magellanic Cloud using the Infrared Camera (IRC) on board AKARI. The observations were carried out using five imaging filters (3, 7, 11, 15, and 24?m) and adispersion prism (2-5?m, ? / ?? sim 20) equipped in the IRC. This paper describes an outline of our survey project, and presents some initial results using imaging data that detected over 5.9 × 105 near-infrared and 6.4 × 104 mid-infrared point sources. The 10 ? detection limits of our survey are about 16.5, 14.0, 12.3, 10.8, and 9.2 in Vega-magnitude at 3, 7, 11, 15, and 24?m, respectively. The 11 and 15?m data, which are unique to AKARI IRC, allow us to construct color-magnitude diagrams that are useful to identify stars with circumstellar dust. We found anew sequence in the color-magnitude diagram, which is attributed to red giants with luminosity fainter than that of the tip of the first red-giant branch. We suggest that this sequence is likely to be related to the broad emission feature of aluminum oxide at 11.5?m. The 11 and 15?m data also indicate that the ([11]-[15]) color of both oxygen-rich and carbon-rich red giants once becomes blue, and then turns red again in the course of their evolution, probably due to a change in the flux ratio of the silicate or silicon carbide emission feature at 10 or 11.3?m to the 15?m flux.

Ita, Yoshifusa; Onaka, Takashi; Kato, Daisuke; Tanabé, Toshihiko; Sakon, Itsuki; Kaneda, Hidehiro; Kawamura, Akiko; Shimonishi, Takashi; Wada, Takehiko; Usui, Fumihiko; Koo, Bon-Chul; Matsuura, Mikako; Takahashi, Hidenori; Nakada, Yoshikazu; Hasegawa, Tetsuo; Tamura, Motohide

2008-12-01

329

Quality assurance plan for the Objective Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) project  

SciTech Connect

This document establishes the Quality Assurance Plan (QAP) for the National Guard Bureau Objective Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) project activities under the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) management. It defines the requirements and assigns responsibilities for ensuring, with a high degree of confidence, that project objectives will be achieved as planned. The QAP outlined herein is responsive to and meets the Quality Assurance Program standards for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corporation and ORNL and the ORNL Computing, Robotics, and Education Directorate (CRE). This document is intended to be in compliance with DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance Program, and the ORNL Standard Practice Procedure, SPP X-QA-8, Quality Assurance for ORNL Computing Software. This standard allows individual organizations to apply the stated requirements in a flexible manner suitable to the type of activity involved. Section I of this document provides an introduction to the OSCAR project QAP; Sections 2 and 3 describe the specific aspects of quality assurance as applicable to the OSCAR project. Section 4 describes the project approach to risk management. The Risk Management Matrix given in Appendix A is a tool to assess, prioritize, and prevent problems before they occur. Therefore, the matrix will be reviewed and revised on a periodic basis.

Stewart, K.A.; Rasch, K.A.; Reid, R.W.

1996-11-01

330

Intermediate ESL Composition: The Use of Specific Detail and the Point Paragraph Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum for intermediate composition for students of English as a second language is presented based on the use of levels of specificity as an organizing principle. The course objective is for students to write well-planned, coherent paragraphs acceptable to the American academic audience, within limited formats. Two additional fundamentals…

Reid, Joy M.

1982-01-01

331

Frugal Mobile Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a computing model for resource-limited mobile devices. The originality of the model lies in the integration of a strongly-typed event-based communication paradigm with abstractions for frugal control, assuming a small footprint runtime. With our model, an application consists of a set of distributed reac- tive objects, called FROBs3, that communicate through typed events and dynamically adapt their

Rachid Guerraoui; Jarle Hulaas; Maxime Monod; Jesper H. Spring

332

Constructing objective tests  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Trueâfalse or multiple-choice tests can be useful instruments for evaluating student progress. We examine strategies for planning objective tests which serve to test the material covered in science (physics) courses. We also examine strategies for writing questions for tests within a test blueprint. The statistical basis for judging the quality of test items are discussed. Reliability, difficulty, and discrimination indices are defined and examples presented. Our recommendations are rather easily put into practice.

Aubrecht Ii., Gordon J.; Aubrecht, Judith

2005-10-11

333

Audio-Visual Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we offer a theory of cross-modal objects. To begin, we discuss two kinds of linkages between vision and audition.\\u000a The first is a duality. The the visual system detects and identifies surfaces; the auditory system detects and identifies sources. Surfaces are illuminated by sources of light; sound is reflected off surfaces. However, the visual system discounts sources

Michael Kubovy; Michael Schutz

2010-01-01

334

Distributed Object Computation Testbed  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The San Diego Supercomputer Center hosts the Distributed Object Computation Testbed (DOCT), a system for "handling complex documents on geographically distributed data archives and computing platforms." The site is highlighted by its data and publications section, which contains a series of project and progress reports. Seven new documents are available for viewing and printing on the web. The site also contains information about DOCT, including contact information for project investigators.

335

Object of the Day  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt Design Museum is closed for renovation until 2014. Until then, visit this website to "Discover a different object from the Museum's collection every day of the week!" Items range from a 1938 catalog of linoleum and cork flooring, The Armstrong Pattern Book, to scratch and sniff wallpaper designed by Michael Angelo and produced by Flavor Paper in 2007. Information about each object is presented blog-post style, with a short essay, images, and tags that link to related information. For example, the entry for Saturday June 22, 2013, titled Two Rooks, is about a a ceramic tile made at Rookwood Pottery in Cincinnati, Ohio between 1903 and 1913. There a short essay about the tile by Cynthia E. Smith, one of the curators, and clicking the author's name retrieves all of her posts. Other tags include the subject area Arts and Crafts, the style of the piece, and Cincinnati, where it was made. There's also a link to click through to the full collection record for the tile, with the object's location, acquisition information, and color palette.

336

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Review: Volume 24, No. 2, 1991  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is a multiprogram, multipurpose laboratory that conducts research in the physical, chemical, and life sciences; in fusion, fission, and fossil energy; and in energy conservation and other energy-related technologies. This review outlines some current endeavors of the lab. A state of the laboratory presentation is given by director, Alvin Trivelpiece. Research of single crystals for welding is described. The Science Alliance, a partnership between ORNL and the University of Tennessee, is chronicled. And several incites into distinguished personnel at the laboratory are given. (GHH)

Krause, C. [ed.

1991-12-31

337

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Review: Volume 24, No. 2, 1991  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is a multiprogram, multipurpose laboratory that conducts research in the physical, chemical, and life sciences; in fusion, fission, and fossil energy; and in energy conservation and other energy-related technologies. This review outlines some current endeavors of the lab. A state of the laboratory presentation is given by director, Alvin Trivelpiece. Research of single crystals for welding is described. The Science Alliance, a partnership between ORNL and the University of Tennessee, is chronicled. And several incites into distinguished personnel at the laboratory are given. (GHH)

Krause, C. (ed.)

1991-01-01

338

Movement of Celestial Objects (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Classroom Connectors lesson plan teaches the basic concepts of celestial mechanics, including perihelion and aphelion, the expanding universe, and gravity. The site provides goals, objectives, an outline, time required, materials, activities, and closure ideas for the lesson. The Classroom Connectors address content with an activity approach while incorporating themes necessary to raise the activity to a higher cognition level. The major motivation is to employ instructional strategies that bring the students physically and mentally into touch with the science they are studying.

339

System Design by Composing Structures of Interacting Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the outline of an object-oriented design technique denoted rolemodeling, emphasizing the ability to compose parts of a design. The purpose of role modelingis to achieve separation of concerns, allowing the designer to consider different aspects,or the same aspect at different levels of detail, more or less independent of other aspects ofthe overall design.A role model represents the

Egil P. Andersen; Trygve Reenskaug

1992-01-01

340

Learning from Objects: A Future for 21st Century Urban Arts Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this technological age, where mind and body are increasingly disconnected in the classroom, object-based learning--along with strong museum-school partnerships--provide many benefits for student learning. In this article, the author first outlines some of the special mind-body connections that object-based learning in museums affords learners…

Lasky, Dorothea

2009-01-01

341

A neural network based integrated image processing environment for object recognition in medical applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper outlines an integrated image processing environment that uses neural networks for object recognition and classification. The image processing environment which is Windows based, encapsulates a multiple-document interface (MDI) and is menu driven. Object (shape) parameter extraction is focused on features that are invariant in terms of translation, rotation and scale transformations. The neural network models incorporated into the

J. Andrew Ware; Ion Ciuca

1997-01-01

342

Behavioral Objectives and Related Test Items for Selected Units in Automotive Mechanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a catalog of behavioral objectives for Vocational Automotive Mechanics organized by units of instruction as listed in the State curriculum guide. Each unit contains a suggested outline of content, a goal statement, and general and specific objectives. The units taught are: introduction to the automobile; basic hand tools--fasteners and…

Hill, Richard K., Ed.; And Others

343

Interim Performance Objectives. Progress Report, 3rd Quarter Fiscal Year 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains a progress report on three categories of interim performance objectives outlined by the Office of Student Financial Assistance (OSFA) in winter 1999. These objectives were to: (1) improve customer service; (2) reduce the overall cost of delivering student aid; and (3) transform the OSFA into a performance-based organization.…

Office of Student Financial Assistance (ED), Washington, DC.

344

Risk Management in the Clinical Laboratory  

PubMed Central

Clinical laboratory tests play an integral role in medical decision-making and as such must be reliable and accurate. Unfortunately, no laboratory tests or devices are foolproof and errors can occur at pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical phases of testing. Evaluating possible conditions that could lead to errors and outlining the necessary steps to detect and prevent errors before they cause patient harm is therefore an important part of laboratory testing. This can be achieved through the practice of risk management. EP23-A is a new guideline from the CLSI that introduces risk management principles to the clinical laboratory. This guideline borrows concepts from the manufacturing industry and encourages laboratories to develop risk management plans that address the specific risks inherent to each lab. Once the risks have been identified, the laboratory must implement control processes and continuously monitor and modify them to make certain that risk is maintained at a clinically acceptable level. This review summarizes the principles of risk management in the clinical laboratory and describes various quality control activities employed by the laboratory to achieve the goal of reporting valid, accurate and reliable test results.

Njoroge, Sarah W

2014-01-01

345

Outline structure of the human L1 cell adhesion molecule and the sites where mutations cause neurological disorders.  

PubMed Central

The L1 cell adhesion molecule has six domains homologous to members of the immunoglobulin superfamily and five homologous to fibronectin type III domains. We determined the outline structure of the L1 domains by showing that they have, at the key sites that determine conformation, residues similar to those in proteins of known structure. The outline structure describes the relative positions of residues, the major secondary structures and residue solvent accessibility. We use the outline structure to investigate the likely effects of 22 mutations that cause neurological diseases. The mutations are not randomly distributed but cluster in a few regions of the structure. They can be divided into those that act mainly by changing conformation or denaturing their domain and those that alter its surface properties. Images

Bateman, A; Jouet, M; MacFarlane, J; Du, J S; Kenwrick, S; Chothia, C

1996-01-01

346

Developing a Kerr microscope for upper-division solid-state physics laboratories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have constructed a low-cost Kerr microscope for use in our upper-division solid-state laboratory course by retrofitting a polarizing microscope. It was tested by imaging the magnetic domains on the surface of the polished ferromagnetic samples Nd-Fe-B and Fe-Si. The instrument serves as a learning platform for students who use it to study essential aspects of magnetic domains, as observed using the magneto-optic Kerr effect. By applying a controlled external magnetic field to a sample, magnetic domains can be observed and manipulated in real time with the aid of a digital camera. We offer technical guidance for the development of such a microscope and outline learning objectives for undergraduates in a formal lab curriculum.

Neff, David; Hoemke, Anatol; Attig, Adam R.; Cordova Mireles, Hector

2014-06-01

347

Electromagnetic outline of the Solfatara-Pisciarelli hydrothermal system, Campi Flegrei (Southern Italy)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe the results from a combined CSAMT and MT survey carried out in the Solfatara-Pisciarelli area, located in the central part of the Campi Flegrei composite caldera, west of Naples, Southern Italy. The Solfatara-Pisciarelli area represents the most active zone within the CF area, in terms of hydrothermal manifestations and local seismicity. Since 1969, the caldera is experiencing ground deformation, seismicity and geochemical fluid changes, which are particularly evident in this area. A 1 km long, nearly W-E directed CSAMT-MT profile crossing the fumaroles field was carried out with the aim of deducting an EM model of the structural setting of the hydrothermal system in the first 3 km depth. An interpretation of the EM modelled section is given in this paper, taking advantage from already existing seismic, gravity and geochemical data in the same area. Three well distinct EM zones have been outlined. The first EM zone is a very shallow, electrically conductive body localized beneath the westernmost segment of the profile, which, within a short distance of about 100 m, dips westwards from near surface down to some hundred metres depth. Mostly accounting for the very low resistivity (1-10 ?m) and the exceedingly high values of vP/vS (>4), this shallow zone has been ascribed to a water-saturated, high-pressurized geothermal reservoir. The second EM zone, which has been localized below the west-central portion of the EM transect, appears as a composite body made of a nearly vertical plumelike structure that escapes at about 2.25 km depth from the top edge of the east side of a presumably horizontal platelike body. The plumelike structure rises up to the free surface in correspondence of the fumaroles field, whereas the platelike structure deepens at least down to the 3 km of maximum EM exploration depth. The combined interpretation of resistivity, wave velocity, gravity and geochemical data indicates the plumelike portion is likely associated with a steam/gas-saturated column and the platelike portion to a high temperature (>300°C), over-pressurized, gas-saturated reservoir. Finally, the third EM zone, which has been localized beneath the eastern half of the EM transect, from about 1.2 km down to about 3 km of depth, is also characterized by the lowest resistivity values (1-10 ?m). When jointly interpreted with seismic and gravity data, this feature can be associated to a hydrothermally mineralized, clay-rich body.

Troiano, Antonio; Giulia Di Giuseppe, Maria; Patella, Domenico; Troise, Claudia; De Natale, Giuseppe

2014-05-01

348

Theme: Laboratory Facilities Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "Laboratory Facilities Improvement" (Miller); "Remodeling Laboratories for Agriscience Instruction" (Newman, Johnson); "Planning for Change" (Mulcahy); "Laboratory Facilities Improvement for Technology Transfer" (Harper); "Facilities for Agriscience Instruction" (Agnew et al.); "Laboratory Facility Improvement" (Boren, Dwyer); and…

Miller, Glen M.; And Others

1993-01-01

349

Numerical Analysis Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Numerical Analysis Objects project (NAO) is a project in the Mathematics Department of IBM's TJ Watson Research Center. While there are plenty of numerical tools available today, it is not an easy task to combine them into a custom application. NAO is directed at the dual problems of building applications from a set of tools, and creating those tools. There are several "reuse" projects, which focus on the problems of identifying and cataloging tools. NAO is directed at the specific context of scientific computing. Because the type of tools is restricted, problems such as tools with incompatible data structures for input and output, and dissimilar interfaces to tools which solve similar problems can be addressed. The approach we've taken is to define interfaces to those objects used in numerical analysis, such as geometries, functions and operators, and to start collecting (and building) a set of tools which use these interfaces. We have written a class library (a set of abstract classes and implementations) in C++ which demonstrates the approach. Besides the classes, the class library includes "stub" routines which allow the library to be used from C or Fortran, and an interface to a Visual Programming Language. The library has been used to build a simulator for petroleum reservoirs, using a set of tools for discretizing nonlinear differential equations that we have written, and includes "wrapped" versions of packages from the Netlib repository. Documentation can be found on the Web at "http://www.research.ibm.com/nao". I will describe the objects and their interfaces, and give examples ranging from mesh generation to solving differential equations.

Henderson, Michael

1997-08-01

350

Nursing Objects Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Mesa Community College this large collection of material offers hands on tools and learning objects and would be of great use to nursing faculty, staff and students alike. The easy to navigate site is well organized with a topical set of links including assessments, systems, concepts, disciplines, basics and pharmacology. There is also a search box which remains displayed no matter where a user roams on the site. By navigating through the menu and choosing from topical areas like hematology, cardiac or neurological, users can then go on to explore case studies, assessments, diagnostic tools, patient teaching and much more.

2006-11-01

351

Procedure Manuals for the Comparative Systems Laboratory Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report deals with experiments in testing and evaluation of an information retrieval system within the Comparative Systems Laboratory (CSL). Section I outlines the approach and the general methodology developed in CSL, the operational design of the experiments, the construction and use of the manuals, and the general significance of the…

Saracevic, Tefko, Ed.; Rothenberg, Leslie, Ed.

352

Laboratory Application and Demonstration of Automotive Oxygen Sensors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application and demonstration of automotive oxygen (lambda) sensors in the laboratory is discussed. After a presentation of the electrochemical principle, selected experiments are outlined, which cover a broad spectrum of possible applications. In addition to the possibility of measuring partial pressures of oxygen, the use of these sensors in a fuel cell mode is described. Closely related to the

T. Schober; J. Friedrich

1999-01-01

353

Objective structured clinical examination in radiology.  

PubMed

There is a growing need for introducing objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) as a part of radiology practical examinations in India. OSCE is an established, reliable, and effective multistation test for the assessment of practical professional skills in an objective and a transparent manner. In India, it has been successfully initiated and implemented in specialties like pediatrics, ophthalmology, and otolaryngology. Each OSCE station needs to have a pre-agreed "key-list" that contains a list of objective steps prepared for uniformly assessing the tasks given to students. Broadly, OSCE stations are classified as "manned" or "unmanned" stations. These stations may include procedure or pictorial or theory stations with clinical oriented contents. This article is one of a series of measures to initiate OSCE in radiology; it analyzes the attributes of OSCE stations and outlines the steps for implementing OSCE. Furthermore, important issues like the advantages of OSCE, its limitations, a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis, and the timing of introduction of OSCE in radiology are also covered. The OSCE format in radiology and its stations needs to be validated, certified, and finalized before its use in examinations. This will need active participation and contribution from the academic radiology fraternity and inputs from faculty members of leading teaching institutions. Many workshops/meetings need to be conducted. Indeed, these collaborative measures will effectively sensitize universities, examiners, organizers, faculty, and students across India to OSCE and help successfully usher in this new format in radiology practical examinations. PMID:20607015

Agarwal, Anurag; Batra, Bipin; Sood, Ak; Ramakantan, Ravi; Bhargava, Satish K; Chidambaranathan, N; Indrajit, Ik

2010-05-01

354

In-Flight Laboratory Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One-year study objectives align with HRP requirements. HRP requirements include measurement panels for research and medical operations - These measurement panels are distinctly different. Instrument requirements are defined - Power, volume and mass not quite a critical limitation as for medical operations (deep space exploration missions). One-year evaluation goals will lead HHC towards in-flight laboratory analysis capability.

Baumann, David; Perusek, Gail; Nelson, Emily; Krihak, Michael; Brown, Dan

2012-01-01

355

The Columbia River Research Laboratory  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The mission of the Columbia River Research Laboratory is to serve the public by providing scientific information to support the stewardship of our Nation's fish and aquatic resources, with emphasis on the Columbia River basin. As a part of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Western Fisheries Research Center, we conduct objective, relevant research and seek partnerships to help fulfill this mission.

Waste, Steve; Reagan, Rachel

2012-01-01

356

Object linking in repositories  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This topic is covered in three sections. The first section explores some of the architectural ramifications of extending the Eichmann/Atkins lattice-based classification scheme to encompass the assets of the full life cycle of software development. A model is considered that provides explicit links between objects in addition to the edges connecting classification vertices in the standard lattice. The second section gives a description of the efforts to implement the repository architecture using a commercially available object-oriented database management system. Some of the features of this implementation are described, and some of the next steps to be taken to produce a working prototype of the repository are pointed out. In the final section, it is argued that design and instantiation of reusable components have competing criteria (design-for-reuse strives for generality, design-with-reuse strives for specificity) and that providing mechanisms for each can be complementary rather than antagonistic. In particular, it is demonstrated how program slicing techniques can be applied to customization of reusable components.

Eichmann, David (editor); Beck, Jon; Atkins, John; Bailey, Bill

1992-01-01

357

Young Stellar Objects: Accretion and Outflow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Young stellar objects are an excellent laboratory to study the physics of accretion and outflow. The relevance of ultraviolet astronomy to study the physics of these objects is reviewed in this contribution. Special emphasis is made in the following aspects: 1. The magnetic interaction between the star and the disk produces high energy radiation and particles that heat the inner disk. The spectral output form this region is described and compared with the theoretical predictions. 2. H[2] and CO electronic transitions are observed in the spectra of the T-Tauri stars allowing an analysis of the circumstellar/disk warm material and its interaction with radiation.

Gómez de Castro, A. I.

2006-08-01

358

Laboratory Astrochemistry: Interstellar PAHs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are now considered to be an important and ubiquitous component of the organic material in space. PAHs are found in a large variety of extraterrestrial materials such as interplanetary dust particles (IDPs) and meteoritic materials. PAHs are also good candidates to account for the infrared emission bands (UIRs) and the diffuse interstellar optical absorption bands (DIBs) detected in various regions of the interstellar medium. The recent observations made with the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) have confirmed the ubiquitous nature of the UIR bands and their carriers. PAHs are thought to form through chemical reactions in the outflow from carbon-rich stars in a process similar to soot formation. Once injected in the interstellar medium, PAHs are further processed by the interstellar radiation field, interstellar shocks and energetic particles. A major, dedicated, laboratory effort has been undertaken to measure the physical and chemical characteristics of these complex molecules and their ions under experimental conditions that mimic the interstellar conditions. These measurements require collision-free conditions where the molecules and ions are cold and chemically isolated. The spectroscopy of PAHs under controlled conditions represents an essential diagnostic tool to study the evolution of extraterrestrial PAHs. The Astrochemistry Laboratory program will be discussed through its multiple aspects: (1) objectives, (2) approach and techniques adopted, (3) adaptability to the nature of the problem(s), and (4) results and implications for astronomy as well as for molecular spectroscopy. A review of the data generated through laboratory simulations of space environments and the role these data have played in our current understanding of the properties of interstellar PAHs will be presented. The discussion will also introduce the newest generation of laboratory experiments that are currently being developed in order to provide a closer simulation of space environments and a better support to space missions.

Salama, Farid; DeVincenzi, Donald L. (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

359

Electromagnetic outline of the Solfatara-Pisciarelli hydrothermal system, Campi Flegrei (Southern Italy)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe the results from a combined controlled source audio magnetotelluric (CSAMT) and natural source magnetotelluric (MT) survey carried out in the Solfatara-Pisciarelli (S-P) area, located in the central part of the Campi Flegrei (CF) composite caldera, west of Naples, Southern Italy. The S-P area represents the most active zone within the CF caldera, in terms of hydrothermal manifestations and local seismicity. Since 1969, the CF caldera is experiencing ground deformation, seismicity and geochemical fluid changes, which are particularly evident in the S-P area. A 1 km long, nearly W-E directed CSAMT-MT profile crossing the fumarole field was carried out in the S-P area with the aim of deducting a resistivity model of the structural setting of the hydrothermal system in the first 3 km depth. An interpretation of the modelled section across the profile is given in this paper, taking advantage from already existing seismic, gravity and geochemical data in the same area. Three well distinct zones have been outlined. The first zone is a very shallow, electrically conductive body localized beneath the westernmost segment of the profile, which, within a short distance of about 100 m, dips westwards from near surface down to some hundred metres in depth. Mostly accounting for the very low resistivity (1-10 ? m) and the exceedingly high values of vP/vS (> 4), this shallow zone has been ascribed to a water-saturated, high-pressurized geothermal reservoir. The second zone, which has been localized below the west-central portion of the CSAMT-MT transect, appears as a composite body made up of a nearly vertical plumelike structure that escapes at about 2.25 km depth from the top edge of the east side of a presumably horizontal platelike body. The plumelike structure rises up to the free surface in correspondence of the fumarole field, whereas the platelike structure deepens at least down to the 3 km of maximum exploration depth. The combined interpretation of resistivity (50-100 ? m), body wave velocity ratio (vP/vS < 2.0), mass density contrast (?? < 0 g/cm3), and geochemical data indicates that the plumelike portion can likely be associated with a steam/gas-saturated column and the platelike portion with a high temperature (> 300 °C), over-pressurized, gas-saturated reservoir. Finally, the third zone, which has been localized beneath the eastern half of the transect, from about 1.2 km down to about 3 km of depth, is also characterized by very low resistivity values (1-10 ? m). Jointly interpreted with seismic (vP/vS < 1.73) and gravity (?? > 0 g/cm3) data, this last electrically conductive structure appears to be associated with a hydrothermally mineralized, clay-rich body.

Troiano, A.; Di Giuseppe, M. G.; Patella, D.; Troise, C.; De Natale, G.

2014-05-01

360

ARTEMIS Science Objectives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's two spacecraft ARTEMIS mission will address both heliospheric and planetary research questions, first while in orbit about the Earth with the Moon and subsequently while in orbit about the Moon. Heliospheric topics include the structure of the Earth's magnetotail; reconnection, particle acceleration, and turbulence in the Earth's magnetosphere, at the bow shock, and in the solar wind; and the formation and structure of the lunar wake. Planetary topics include the lunar exosphere and its relationship to the composition of the lunar surface, the effects of electric fields on dust in the exosphere, internal structure of the Moon, and the lunar crustal magnetic field. This paper describes the expected contributions of ARTEMIS to these baseline scientific objectives.

Sibeck, D. G.; Angelopoulos, V.; Brain, D. A.; Delory, G. T.; Eastwood, J. P.; Farrell, W. M.; Grimm, R. E.; Halekas, J. S.; Hasegawa, H.; Hellinger, P.; Khurana, K. K.; Lillis, R. J.; Oieroset, M.; Phan, T.-D.; Raeder, J.; Russell, C. T.; Schriver, D.; Slavin, J. A.; Travnicel, P. M.; Weygand, J. M.

2011-01-01

361

Color hologram of human object  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss the color hologram of the human object and previous works with monochromatic reconstruction. A two step method of recording the hologram with reconstruction in white light was suggested in 1975 for monochromatic reconstruction of the image. The transmission hologram with low noise was the first step of this recording. In first experiment we used photo plate 8E75 with bleaching for recording of H1 holograms. Selection of recording materials using signal and noise characteristics is shown. The original method of producing low-noise holograms (SHSG process) for H1 process is discussed. The reflection hologram H2 was produced as the second step. For copying of H1 hologram onto H2 hologram in the first experiment we used He-Ne laser and photo plate PE-2, produced in laboratory (predecessor of plate PFG-03). We will discuss different optical setups for recording H1 and H2 hologram. New problems connected with recording color holograms. In first our work on modeling color holograms was used a method of emulsion thickness manipulation in between exposures and He-Ne laser, then system silver halide -- dichromated gelatin and original silver halide materials with color sensitizing. Characteristics of SHSG process for color silver halide materials are shown. Finally simulation recording color hologram and possible applications demonstrated.

Sobolev, Gennadi A.; Soboleva, Svetlana B.; Shevchenko, Victor N.

1999-03-01

362

An Outline of a Method for the Investigation of the Stability of Gas-Lubricated Tiltingpad Journal Bearings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tilting-pad journal bearings are extremely stable under ordinary conditions, but under certain extreme conditions they may develop some form of self-induced instability. This report outlines a method for the analysis of the stability of this type of beari...

E. J. Gunter V. Castelli

1964-01-01

363

Security camera based on a single chip solution using a sharply outlined display algorithm and variable-clock video encoder  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we have proposed a security camera system that displays high-definition images by using a sharply outlined display algorithm (SODA), which generates less hardware complexity because of a modified video encoder. While the proposed system uses a charge coupled device (CCD) with a complementary filter that may cause some problems in representing vivid color, we have been able

Joohyun Kim; Jooyoung Ha; Shinki Jeong; Hoongee Yang; Bongsoon Kang

2006-01-01

364

Accounting Technology Associate Degree. Louisiana Technical Education Program and Course Standards. Competency-Based Postsecondary Curriculum Outline from Bulletin 1822.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document outlines the curriculum of Louisiana's accounting technology associate degree program, which is a 6-term (77-credit hour) competency-based program designed to prepare students for employment as accounting technicians providing technical administrative support to professional accountants and other financial management personnel.…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

365

Aircraft Landing Gear, Ice and Rain Control Systems (Course Outline), Aviation Mechanics 3 (Air Frame):9067.02.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents an outline for a 135-hour course designed to familiarize the student with operation, inspection, troubleshooting, and repair of aircraft landing gear, ice and rain control systems. It is designed to help the trainee master the knowledge and skills necessary to become an aviation airframe mechanic. The aviation airframe…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

366

Life sciences recruitment objectives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goals of the Life Sciences Division of the Office of Space Sciences and Application are to ensure the health, well being and productivity of humans in space and to acquire fundamental scientific knowledge in space life sciences. With these goals in mind Space Station Freedom represents substantial opportunities and significant challenges to the Life Sciences Division. For the first time it will be possible to replicate experimental data from a variety of simultaneously exposed species with appropriate controls and real-time analytical capabilities over extended periods of time. At the same time, a system for monitoring and ameliorating the physiological adaptations that occur in humans subjected to extended space flight must be evolved to provide the continuing operational support to the SSF crew. To meet its goals, and take advantage of the opportunities and overcome the challenges presented by Space Station Freedom, the Life Sciences Division is developing a suite of discipline-focused sequence. The research phase of the Life Sciences Space Station Freedom Program will commence with the utilization flights following the deployment of the U.S. laboratory module and achievement of Man Tended Capability. Investigators that want the Life Sciences Division to sponsor their experiment on SSF can do so in one of three ways: submitting a proposal in response to a NASA Research Announcement (NRA), submitting a proposal in response to an Announcement of Opportunity (AO), or submitting an unsolicited proposal. The scientific merit of all proposals will be evaluated by peer review panels. Proposals will also be evaluated based on relevance to NASA's missions and on the results of an Engineering and Cost Analyses. The Life Sciences Division expects that the majority of its funding opportunities will be announced through NRA's. It is anticipated that the first NRA will be released approximately three years before first element launch (currently scheduled for late 1995). Subsequent NRA's will be released on a rotating two year cycle.

Keefe, J. Richard

1992-01-01

367

Object-Oriented Cobol Recycling  

Microsoft Academic Search

A tool supported process for extracting objects from existing COBOL programs is described. The process is based on human interaction to select objects coupled with automated slicing techniques to identify all of the elementary operations which change the state of the object selected. The object is redefined within the framework of an object-COBOL class and the elementary operations are attached

Harry M. Sneed

1996-01-01

368

OHANA: representative science objectives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this poster, we examine the science potential of an 800 meter interferometer such as the OHANA Array. The working assumptions are a K = 12 limiting magnitude, a 0.5 milliarcsecond resolution at K band, and a small (diffraction limit of individual telescope) field of view. The science cases described herein are by no means exhaustive and perhaps not even the ones that will eventually be carried out, but serve to illustrate the potential of the array. We expect that operation of the array will be proposal driven, so the actual science will come from the Mauna Kea communities. Our philosophy is that any measurement that can be made at a dedicated interferometer facility should not be a strong driver for OHANA. Therefore the science areas discussed in the poster focus on very high angular resolution measurements of faint sources. In some cases, science which can be addressed with simpler or dedicated facilities at an exploratory level can be carried to a significant new capability with OHANA. A limitng magnitude of 12 was obtained by simple computations, but first tests on the sky with the injection module (See adjacent poster on Phase I) will help narrow down this figure. At such sensitivity, Cepheid pulsations can be studied in considerable detail for a wide range of stellar parameters, leading to enhanced confidence in the accuracy of their use for distance measurement with minimal extrapolation or inferrence. The disk/star interaction zone in young stellar objects can be resolved with unprecedented detail for a range of masses and ages, providing direct information about the jet formation region, accretion rates and disk conditions. The broad line region of active galactic nuclei can be studied in a large number of sources of differing characteristics, testing specific models for AGN nuclear structure. For OHANA Phase III, a dual-star phase tracking capability is planned. With the resulting increased sensitivity, direct brown dwarf diameter measurement will provide a strong check on evolution models. Microlensing events could be resolved and provide unique new information about the lensing and the lensed objects.

Lai, Olivier; Ridgway, Stephen T.; Berger, Jean-Philippe; Dougados, Catherine; Coudé du Foresto, Vincent; Guyon, Olivier; Lachaume, Regis; Magnier, Eugene; Malbet, Fabien; Menard, Francois; Mourard, Denis; Perrin, Guy S.; Sol, Helene; Warren, Steve; Woillez, Julien

2003-02-01

369

A Laboratory Exercise to Illustrate Increased Salivary Cortisol in Response to Three Stressful Conditions Using Competitive ELISA  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Here, we outline a laboratory exercise that uses a competitive ELISA kit to illustrate the response of salivary cortisol concentrations to three stressful conditions: presentation stress, fasting stress, and competition stress

Mark F. Haussmann (Iowa State University Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology); Carol M. Vleck (Iowa State University Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology); Eugenia S. Farrar (Iowa State University Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology)

2007-03-01

370

Laboratory Tests of Power Train Components.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of laboratory dynamometer testing of engine and power train components is to determine performance and endurance characteristics. The information desired is basically the same as that derived from engine testing. (Author)

1966-01-01

371

Object Detection Using Structural Matching.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An object can be represented by its structural description, i.e., its simple parts and the relationships between these parts. Detecting objects through structural matching can be achieved by establishing the correspondence between the object description, ...

L. Santannabins F. R. D. Velasco A. M. V. Monteiro

1989-01-01

372

A review of laboratory measurements of the electrical conductivity of rocks and minerals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of laboratory measurements of electrical conductivity for rocks and minerals at high temperatures and pressures helps us to interpret magnetotelluric measurements and allows us to obtain further information about various physical and mineralogical properties of the Earth's interior. A survey of recent laboratory measurements of electrical conductivity of rocks and minerals at high temperatures and pressures is outlined.

Marcela Latoviková

1991-01-01

373

Laboratory simulation of the action of weightlessness on the human organism  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A brief history of attemps by the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. to simulate weightlessness in the laboratory is presented. Model for laboratory modeling of weightlessness included the bed regimen, the clinostat, and water immersion. An outline of immediate physiological effects of weightlessness and long term effects is offered.

Genin, A. M.

1977-01-01

374

Filtrates & Residues. A Laboratory Exercise Introducing Students to the Pourbaix Diagram for Cobalt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a laboratory exercise designed to introduce students to the Pourbaix diagram for cobalt. Discusses the use of a Pourbaix diagram as a potential-pH plot which displays some of the most thermodynamically stable species for a given element. Outlines a laboratory demonstration and a student investigation. (TW)

Powell, Dick; And Others

1987-01-01

375

Encouraging Professional Behavior Through Laboratory Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of laboratory courses as an invaluable teaching aid to assist in meeting both social and technical objectives. The use of laboratories in conjunction with technical theory courses, as well as in making students aware of their responsibilities to themselves, their teams, and to the instructor are described. (BC)

Stavros, Demo A.

1984-01-01

376

Implementing Temporary Facilities for Organic Chemistry Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our classroom and laboratory facilities were recently remodeled, which required that we vacate our chemistry building temporarily. Construction was completed within 17 months with minimal interruption of class schedules, although some rather creative laboratory arrangements were necessary. My primary objective was to maintain our organic chemistry curriculum. Keys to success included support from the administration and other science faculty, and

Judith C. Amburgey-Peters

2002-01-01

377

Measurement reliability in horseracing laboratory operation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Similar to many other testing laboratory activities, horseracing laboratory's operation requ ires formal recognition of measurement results, mainly t o establish the presence of a wider range of prohibit ed substances (low concentrations) in biological matri ces. The objective of this work is twofold: (i) the qual itative and semi-quantitative assessment of various substan ces detected among all (over 50,000)

Maria H. de Lima; Maurício N. Frota; PUC-Rio Pontifical

378

Use of Self-to-Object and Object-to-Object Spatial Relations in Locomotion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 8 experiments, the authors examined the use of representations of self-to-object or object-to-object spatial relations during locomotion. Participants learned geometrically regular or irregular layouts of objects while standing at the edge or in the middle and then pointed to objects while blindfolded in 3 conditions: before turning (baseline),…

Xiao, Chengli; Mou, Weimin; McNamara, Timothy P.

2009-01-01

379

Object-oriented layers in ELIST.  

SciTech Connect

Planning for the transportation of large amounts of equipment, troops, and supplies presents a complex problem for military analysts. Software tools are critical in defining and analyzing these plans. Argonne National Laboratory developed the Enhanced Logistics Intra-theater Support Tool (ELIST) to assist military planners in determining the logistical feasibility of an intra-theater course of action. This article focuses on the object-oriented design strategies we used in developing the latest version of this successful system. Details of the specific military, logistical algorithms that were implemented can be found in other sources. In developing large, complex software systems, object-oriented programming techniques can provide many benefits. In addition to using an object-oriented language developers should also employ other techniques such as layers to fully obtain these benefits. This article discusses several of these design details that were used in developing a military logistics system called ELIST.

Widing, M. A.; Simunich, K. L.; Blachowicz, D.; Braun, M.; VanGroningen, C.; Decision and Information Sciences

2004-01-01

380

A comprehensive validation toolbox for regional ocean models - Outline, implementation and application to the Baltic Sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The systematic and objective comparison between output from a numerical ocean model and a set of observations, called validation in the context of this presentation, is a beneficial activity at several stages, starting from early steps in model development and ending at the quality control of model based products delivered to customers. Even though the importance of this kind of validation work is widely acknowledged it is often not among the most popular tasks in ocean modelling. In order to ease the validation work a comprehensive toolbox has been developed in the framework of the MyOcean-2 project. The objective of this toolbox is to carry out validation integrating different data sources, e.g. time-series at stations, vertical profiles, surface fields or along track satellite data, with one single program call. The validation toolbox, implemented in MATLAB, features all parts of the validation process - ranging from read-in procedures of datasets to the graphical and numerical output of statistical metrics of the comparison. The basic idea is to have only one well-defined validation schedule for all applications, in which all parts of the validation process are executed. Each part, e.g. read-in procedures, forms a module in which all available functions of this particular part are collected. The interface between the functions, the module and the validation schedule is highly standardized. Functions of a module are set up for certain validation tasks, new functions can be implemented into the appropriate module without affecting the functionality of the toolbox. The functions are assigned for each validation task in user specific settings, which are externally stored in so-called namelists and gather all information of the used datasets as well as paths and metadata. In the framework of the MyOcean-2 project the toolbox is frequently used to validate the forecast products of the Baltic Sea Marine Forecasting Centre. Hereby the performance of any new product version is compared with the previous version. Although, the toolbox is mainly tested for the Baltic Sea yet, it can easily be adapted to different datasets and parameters, regardless of the geographic region. In this presentation the usability of the toolbox is demonstrated along with several results of the validation process.

Jandt, Simon; Laagemaa, Priidik; Janssen, Frank

2014-05-01

381

Radiological Characterization and Final Facility Status Report Tritium Research Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the specific radiological characterization information on Building 968, the Tritium Research Laboratory (TRL) Complex and Facility. We performed the characterization as outlined in its Radiological Characterization Plan. The Radiological Characterization and Final Facility Status Report (RC&FFSR) provides historic background information on each laboratory within the TRL complex as related to its original and present radiological condition. Along with the work outlined in the Radiological Characterization Plan (RCP), we performed a Radiological Soils Characterization, Radiological and Chemical Characterization of the Waste Water Hold-up System including all drains, and a Radiological Characterization of the Building 968 roof ventilation system. These characterizations will provide the basis for the Sandia National Laboratory, California (SNL/CA) Site Termination Survey .Plan, when appropriate.

Garcia, T.B.; Gorman, T.P.

1996-08-01

382

Composite object support in an object-oriented database system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many applications in such domains as computer-aided design require the capability to define, store and retrieve as a single unit a collection of related objects known as a composite object. A composite object explicitly captures and enforces the IS-PART-OF integrity constraint between child and parent pairs of objects in a hierarchical collection of objects. Further, it can be used as

Won Kim; Jay Banerjee; Hong-Tai Chou; Jorge F. Garza; Darrell Woelk

1987-01-01

383

Psychotherapy research needs theory. Outline for an epistemology of the clinical exchange.  

PubMed

This paper provides an analysis of a basic assumption grounding the clinical research: the ontological autonomy of psychotherapy-based on the idea that the clinical exchange is sufficiently distinguished from other social objects (i.e. exchange between teacher and pupils, or between buyer and seller, or interaction during dinner, and so forth). A criticism of such an assumption is discussed together with the proposal of a different epistemological interpretation, based on the distinction between communicative dynamics and the process of psychotherapy-psychotherapy is a goal-oriented process based on the general dynamics of human communication. Theoretical and methodological implications are drawn from such a view: It allows further sources of knowledge to be integrated within clinical research (i.e. those coming from other domains of analysis of human communication); it also enables a more abstract definition of the psychotherapy process to be developed, leading to innovative views of classical critical issues, like the specific-nonspecific debate. The final part of the paper is devoted to presenting a model of human communication--the Semiotic Dialogical Dialectic Theory--which is meant as the framework for the analysis of psychotherapy. PMID:21785950

Salvatore, Sergio

2011-09-01

384

Basic Nanotechnology Processes Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This laboratory course is provided by Nano4Me.org, a product of the National Center for Nanotechnology Applications and Career Knowledge (NACK Center) which is based at the Penn State College of Engineering and is funded through the National Science Foundation's Advanced Technological Education (ATE) program. These twelve labs focus on basic processes in Nanotechnology. Some of the labs are titled Gold Nucleation Analysis, Introduction to LPCVD and PECVD, Introduction to Plasma-based Processing, Liftoff and Surface Modification, and Intro to Scanning Electron Microscopy. These labs can be used in conjunction in a course, or individually as needed by the teacher. Each lab should include an objective, background information, detailed procedure, charts and tables, and follow-up questions. This resource, along with all resources from the NACK Center, require a fast, easy, free log-in to access their materials.

2011-03-08

385

Development of Hydrologic Characterization Methodology of Faults: Outline of the Project in Berkeley, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Nuclear Waste Management Organization of Japan (NUMO), after volunteering municipalities arise, will start a three-staged program for selecting a HLW and TRU waste repository site. It is recognized from experiences from various site characterization programs in the world that the hydrologic property of faults is one of the most important parameters in the early stage of the program. It is expected that numerous faults of interest exist in an investigation area of several tens of square kilometers. It is, however, impossible to characterize all these faults in a limited time and budget. This raises problems in the repository designing and safety assessment that we may have to accept unrealistic or over conservative results by using a single model or parameters for all the faults in the area. We, therefore, seek to develop an efficient and practical methodology to characterize hydrologic property of faults. This project is a five year program started in 2007, and comprises the basic methodology development through literature study and its verification through field investigations. The literature study tries to classify faults by correlating their geological features with hydraulic property, to search for the most efficient technology for fault characterization, and to develop a work flow diagram. The field investigation starts from selection of a site and fault(s), followed by existing site data analyses, surface geophysics, geological mapping, trenching, water sampling, a series of borehole investigations and modeling/analyses. Based on the results of the field investigations, we plan to develop a systematic hydrologic characterization methodology of faults. A classification method that correlates combinations of geological features (rock type, fault displacement, fault type, position in a fault zone, fracture zone width, damage zone width) with widths of high permeability zones around a fault zone was proposed through a survey on available documents of the site characterization programs. The field investigation started in 2008, by selecting the Wildcat Fault that cut across the Laurence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) site as the target. Analyses on site-specific data, surface geophysics, geological mapping and trenching have confirmed the approximate location and characteristics of the fault (see Session H48, Onishi, et al). The plan for the remaining years includes borehole investigations at LBNL, and another series of investigations in the northern part of the Wildcat Fault.

Goto, J.; Miwa, T.; Tsuchi, H.; Karasaki, K.

2009-12-01

386

Variational Objective Analysis for Atmospheric Field Programs: A Model Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to examine the effectiveness of the variational objective analysis (VOA) for producing realistic diagnoses of atmospheric field program data. Simulations from the Naval Research Laboratory's Coupled Ocean\\/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) were sampled in a manner consistent with a typical field program using idealized sounding arrays and, surface and top of the atmosphere flux

D. E. Waliser; J. A. Ridout; S. Xie; M. Zhang

2002-01-01

387

Haptic rendering: programming touch interaction with virtual objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Haptic rendering is the process of computing and generating forces in response to user interactions with virtual objects. Recent efforts by our team at MIT's AI laboratory have resulted in the development of haptic interface devices and algorithms for generating the forces of interaction with virtual objects. This paper focuses on the software techniques needed to generate sensations of contact

K. Salisbury; David L. Brock; Thomas Massie; Nick Swarup; Craig B. Zilles

1995-01-01

388

Self-Motion Impairs Multiple-Object Tracking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigations of multiple-object tracking aim to further our understanding of how people perform common activities such as driving in traffic. However, tracking tasks in the laboratory have overlooked a crucial component of much real-world object tracking: self-motion. We investigated the hypothesis that keeping track of one's own movement…

Thomas, Laura E.; Seiffert, Adriane E.

2010-01-01

389

Multispectral image analysis for improved space object characterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) is studying the application and utility of various ground-based and space-based optical sensors for improving surveillance of space objects in both Low Earth Orbit (LEO) and Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO). This information can be used to improve our catalog of space objects and will be helpful in the resolution of satellite anomalies. At present,

William Glass; Michael J. Duggin; Raymond A. Motes; Keith A. Bush; Meiling Klein

2009-01-01

390

Legionnaires' Disease Laboratory Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a practical working laboratory manual for clinical and environmental microbiology laboratories concerned with the laboratory diagnosis of Legionnaires' disease, or the recovery of Legionella spp. from the environment. Details are given for perform...

P. H. Edelstein

1983-01-01

391

Managing and learning with multiple models: Objectives and optimization algorithms  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The quality of environmental decisions should be gauged according to managers' objectives. Management objectives generally seek to maximize quantifiable measures of system benefit, for instance population growth rate. Reaching these goals often requires a certain degree of learning about the system. Learning can occur by using management action in combination with a monitoring system. Furthermore, actions can be chosen strategically to obtain specific kinds of information. Formal decision making tools can choose actions to favor such learning in two ways: implicitly via the optimization algorithm that is used when there is a management objective (for instance, when using adaptive management), or explicitly by quantifying knowledge and using it as the fundamental project objective, an approach new to conservation.This paper outlines three conservation project objectives - a pure management objective, a pure learning objective, and an objective that is a weighted mixture of these two. We use eight optimization algorithms to choose actions that meet project objectives and illustrate them in a simulated conservation project. The algorithms provide a taxonomy of decision making tools in conservation management when there is uncertainty surrounding competing models of system function. The algorithms build upon each other such that their differences are highlighted and practitioners may see where their decision making tools can be improved. ?? 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Probert, W. J. M.; Hauser, C. E.; McDonald-Madden, E.; Runge, M. C.; Baxter, P. W. J.; Possingham, H. P.

2011-01-01

392

Object Recognition with Banana Wavelets  

Microsoft Academic Search

. We introduce an object recognition system, based on generalizedGabor wavelets, called banana wavelets. In addition to the qualitiesfrequency and orientation, banana wavelets have the attributes curvatureand size. Banana wavelets can be metrically organized, a sparse and efficient representation of objects is learned utilizing this metric.1. IntroductionIn this paper we describe a novel object recognition system in which representationsof object

Norbert Krüger; Gabriele Peters

1997-01-01

393

Taxonomic differences in deciduous upper second molar crown outlines of Homo sapiens, Homo neanderthalensis and Homo erectus.  

PubMed

A significant number of Middle to Late Pleistocene sites contain primarily (and sometimes only) deciduous teeth (e.g., Grotta del Cavallo, Mezmaiskaya, Blombos). Not surprisingly, there has been a recent renewed interest in deciduous dental variation, especially in the context of distinguishing Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens. Most studies of the deciduous dentition of fossil hominins have focused on standard metrical variation but morphological (non-metric and morphometric) variation also promises to shed light on long standing taxonomic questions. This study examines the taxonomic significance of the crown outline of the deciduous upper second molar through principal components analysis and linear discriminant analysis. We examine whether or not the crown shape of the upper deciduous second molar separates H. neanderthalensis from H. sapiens and explore whether it can be used to correctly assign individuals to taxa. It builds on previous studies by focusing on crown rather than cervical outline and by including a large sample of geographically diverse recent human populations. Our samples include 17 H. neanderthalensis, five early H. sapiens, and 12 Upper Paleolithic H. sapiens. In addition, we include two Homo erectus specimens in order to evaluate the polarity of crown shape differences observed between H. neanderthalensis and H. sapiens. Our results show that crown outline shape discriminates H. sapiens and H. neanderthalensis quite well, but does not do well at distinguishing H. erectus from H. sapiens. We conclude that the crown outline shape observed in H. sapiens is a primitive retention and that the skewed shape observed in H. neanderthalensis is a derived condition. Finally, we explore the phylogenetic implications of the results for the H. erectus molars. PMID:24703186

Bailey, Shara E; Benazzi, Stefano; Souday, Caroline; Astorino, Claudia; Paul, Kathleen; Hublin, Jean-Jacques

2014-07-01

394

Visual object recognition and tracking  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This invention describes a method for identifying and tracking an object from two-dimensional data pictorially representing said object by an object-tracking system through processing said two-dimensional data using at least one tracker-identifier belonging to the object-tracking system for providing an output signal containing: a) a type of the object, and/or b) a position or an orientation of the object in three-dimensions, and/or c) an articulation or a shape change of said object in said three dimensions.

Chang, Chu-Yin (Inventor); English, James D. (Inventor); Tardella, Neil M. (Inventor)

2010-01-01

395

Sampling and analysis plan for sampling of liquid waste streams generated by 222-S Laboratory Complex operations  

SciTech Connect

This Sampling and Analysis Plan (SAP) establishes the requirements and guidelines to be used by the Waste Management Federal Services of Hanford, Inc. personnel in characterizing liquid waste generated at the 222-S Laboratory Complex. The characterization process to verify the accuracy of process knowledge used for designation and subsequent management of wastes consists of three steps: to prepare the technical rationale and the appendix in accordance with the steps outlined in this SAP; to implement the SAP by sampling and analyzing the requested waste streams; and to compile the report and evaluate the findings to the objectives of this SAP. This SAP applies to portions of the 222-S Laboratory Complex defined as Generator under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Any portion of the 222-S Laboratory Complex that is defined or permitted under RCRA as a treatment, storage, or disposal (TSD) facility is excluded from this document. This SAP applies to the liquid waste generated in the 222-S Laboratory Complex. Because the analytical data obtained will be used to manage waste properly, including waste compatibility and waste designation, this SAP will provide directions for obtaining and maintaining the information as required by WAC173-303.

Benally, A.B.

1997-08-14

396

Dynamic object sampling for pretenuring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many state-of-the-art garbage collectors are generational, collecting the young nursery objects more frequently than old objects. These collectors perform well because young objects tend to die at a higher rate than old ones. However, these collectors do not examine object lifetimes with respect to any particular program or allocation site. This paper introduces low-cost object sampling to dynamically determine lifetimes.

Maria Jump; Stephen M. Blackburn; Kathryn S. McKinley

2004-01-01

397

DATA QUALITY OBJECTIVES AND MEASUREMENT QUALITY OBJECTIVES FOR RESEARCH PROJECTS  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper provides assistance with systematic planning using measurement quality objectives to those working on research projects. These performance criteria are more familiar to researchers than data quality objectives because they are more closely associated with the measuremen...

398

Object-based attention occurs regardless of object awareness.  

PubMed

In this study, we investigated whether awareness of objects is necessary for object-based guidance of attention. We used the two-rectangle method (Egly, Driver, & Rafal, 1994) to probe object-based attention and adopted the continuous flash suppression technique (Tsuchiya & Koch, 2005) to control for the visibility of the two rectangles. Our results show that object-based attention, as indexed by the same-object advantage--faster response to a target within a cued object than within a noncued object--was obtained regardless of participants' awareness of the objects. This study provides the first evidence of object-based attention under unconscious conditions by showing that the selection unit of attention can be at an object level even when these objects are invisible--a level higher than the previous evidence for a subliminally cued location. We suggest that object-based attentional guidance plays a fundamental role of binding features in both the conscious and unconscious mind. PMID:22237418

Chou, Wei-Lun; Yeh, Su-Ling

2012-04-01

399

Automated object detection for astronomical images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sponsored by the National Aeronautical Space Association (NASA), the Synergetic Education and Research in Enabling NASA-centered Academic Development of Engineers and Space Scientists (SERENADES) Laboratory was established at California State University, Los Angeles (CSULA). An important on-going research activity in this lab is to develop an easy-to-use image analysis software with the capability of automated object detection to facilitate astronomical research. This paper presented a fast object detection algorithm based on the characteristics of astronomical images. This algorithm consists of three steps. First, the foreground and background are separated using histogram-based approach. Second, connectivity analysis is conducted to extract individual object. The final step is post processing which refines the detection results. To improve the detection accuracy when some objects are blocked by clouds, top-hat transform is employed to split the sky into cloudy region and non-cloudy region. A multi-level thresholding algorithm is developed to select the optimal threshold for different regions. Experimental results show that our proposed approach can successfully detect the blocked objects by clouds.

Orellana, Sonny; Zhao, Lei; Boussalis, Helen; Liu, Charles; Rad, Khosrow; Dong, Jane

2005-10-01

400

The andrology laboratory in an Assisted Reproductive Technologies program. Quality assurance and laboratory methodology.  

PubMed

Assuring the highest possible quality of care to the patient is the first goal of the andrology laboratory. Quality control and quality assurance as they apply to the andrology laboratory are outlined, and special problems in quality control for sperm function assays are addressed. An example of the patient review process is presented. Quality of care also depends on the ability of the laboratory to perform appropriate tests of sperm function that can diagnose sperm defects, predict success or failure of in vitro fertilization, and lead to rational therapies for sperm dysfunctions. Methods for, and diagnostic value of, sperm swim-out, enhanced sperm penetration assays, acrosome reaction assessment, motility analysis of capacitating sperm, and sperm-zona binding assays are reviewed. No single test, other than in vitro fertilization itself, is capable of providing a complete diagnosis or a highly accurate prediction. A battery of sperm function tests, arranged in an algorithm, is presented as a theoretically better approach. PMID:1429216

Muller, C H

1992-01-01

401

Object knowledge modulates colour appearance  

PubMed Central

We investigated the memory colour effect for colour diagnostic artificial objects. Since knowledge about these objects and their colours has been learned in everyday life, these stimuli allow the investigation of the influence of acquired object knowledge on colour appearance. These investigations are relevant for questions about how object and colour information in high-level vision interact as well as for research about the influence of learning and experience on perception in general. In order to identify suitable artificial objects, we developed a reaction time paradigm that measures (subjective) colour diagnosticity. In the main experiment, participants adjusted sixteen such objects to their typical colour as well as to grey. If the achromatic object appears in its typical colour, then participants should adjust it to the opponent colour in order to subjectively perceive it as grey. We found that knowledge about the typical colour influences the colour appearance of artificial objects. This effect was particularly strong along the daylight axis.

Witzel, Christoph; Valkova, Hanna; Hansen, Thorsten; Gegenfurtner, Karl R

2011-01-01

402

Behavior as Objective in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sources of objectives in curriculum, descriptions, uses, and kinds of behavioral objectives are reviewed. Unique resolutions in each field of instruction are necessary with both cognitive and affective behaviors included in the design of a behavioral system in curriculum. (VW)

Cox, C. Benjamin

1971-01-01

403

Multi-Frame Object Detection.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis describes an object detection system that extracts and combines appearance information over multiple consecutive video frames, inherently gaining and analyzing information related to motion. Objects that exhibit characteristic motion over the ...

M. J. Laielli

2012-01-01

404

Object Versus Functional Oriented Design.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the early Eighties the Object Oriented approach to software system development was proposed as a possible solution of the so called 'software crisis'. The claimed benefits were that Object Oriented Design (OOD) had the potential to improve software ...

P. Occelli

1993-01-01

405

Object tracking with stereo vision  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A real-time active stereo vision system incorporating gaze control and task directed vision is described. Emphasis is placed on object tracking and object size and shape determination. Techniques include motion-centroid tracking, depth tracking, and contour tracking.

Huber, Eric

1994-01-01

406

Objective Analysis and Prediction Techniques.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes weather research conducted by SASC in several technical areas: in numerical weather prediction, objective analysis, initialization, and global moisture distribution; in mesoscale forecasting, McIDAS-based objective analysis and inte...

A. M. Gerlach

1982-01-01

407

Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration test objectives  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration Program (BWID) is to support the development and demonstration of a suite of technologies that when integrated with commercially available baseline technologies form a comprehensive system for the effective and efficient remediation of buried waste throughout the US Department of Energy complex. To accomplish this mission of identifying technology solutions for remediation deficiencies, the Office of Technology Development initiated the BWID at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory in fiscal year (FY) 1991. This document provides the test objectives against which the demonstrations will be tested during FY-93.

Morrison, J.L.; Heard, R.E.

1993-05-01

408

CAMERA OBJECT TRACKING FAST ALGORITHM  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses camera real-time object tracking problems. Here we present one camera object tracking solution based on block-matching technique. In our solution object is marked in the first frame, and afterwards its movement is tracked using the block-matching technique in limited area of the picture. The size of limited area depends on predicted object movement between two frames. We

Nikola Teslic; Vladimir Radenkovic; Snezana Crnogorac

409

Transient Caches and Object Streams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Memory latency limits program performance. Object-oriented lan- guages such as C# and Java exacerbate this problem, but their software engineering benefits make them increasingly popular. We show that current memory hierarchies are not particularly well suited to Java in which object streams write and read a window of short-lived objects that pollute the cache. These observations moti- vate the exploration

Stephen M. Blackburn; Kathryn S. McKinley

410

Shape transformation for polyhedral objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Techniques that transform one two-dimensionaf image into another have gained widespread use m recent yeara. Extending these tech- niques to transform pairs of 3D objects, as opposed to 2D images of the objects, providea several advsntagea, including the ability to sn- imate the objects independently of the transformation. This paper presents an algorithm for computing such transformations. The al- gorithm

James R. Kent; Wayne E. Carlson; Richard E. Parent

1992-01-01

411

Near-Earth Object Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Near-Earth Object Program detects nearby objects such as asteroids, documents them, and predicts their trajectories over time to see if they pose a threat to Earth. Their website displays their data and how to interpret it, and contains information about these objects in our neighborhood.

2010-10-19

412

Temporal FDs on complex objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Temporal functional dependencies (TFD) are defined for temporal databases that include object identity. It is argued that object identity can overcome certain semantic diffuculties with existing temporal relational data models. Practical applications of TFDs in object bases are discussed. Reasoning about TFDs is at the center of this paper. It turns out that the distinction between acyclic and cyclic schemas

Jef Wijsen

1999-01-01

413

Decoupling Object Detection and Categorization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated whether there exists a behavioral dependency between object detection and categorization. Previous work (Grill-Spector & Kanwisher, 2005) suggests that object detection and basic-level categorization may be the very same perceptual mechanism: As objects are parsed from the background they are categorized at the basic level. In the…

Mack, Michael L.; Palmeri, Thomas J.

2010-01-01

414

Contextual Priming for Object Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is general consensus that context can be a rich source of information about an object's identity, location and scale. In fact, the structure of many real-world scenes is governed by strong configurational rules akin to those that apply to a single object. Here we introduce a simple framework for modeling the relationship between context and object properties based on

Antonio B. Torralba

2003-01-01

415

Tracing the Identity of Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers how people judge the identity of objects (e.g., how people decide that a description of an object at one time, t0, belongs to the same object as a description of it at another time, t1). The authors propose a causal continuer model for these judgments, based on an earlier theory by Nozick (1981). According to this model,

Lance J. Rips; Sergey Blok; George Newman

2006-01-01

416

Composing distributed objects in CORBA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper addresses the problem of structuring and managing large distributed systems constructed from many distributed objects. Specifically, the paper proposes a component model which can be used to compose objects into manageable entities. Components are specified using Darwin, an architecture description language developed by the authors. A mapping of distributed objects into Darwin components is described together with an

Jeff Magee; Andrew Tseng; Jeff Kramer

1997-01-01

417

Objective Assessment of Preservice Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Characteristics of objective measurement and how to develop an objective instrument are discussed. Objective measurement can be thought of as that type of measurement in the social sciences that parallels the measurement that takes place in science. The following are aspects of scientific measurement that should be transferred to the measurement…

Boone, William; Svec, Michael

418

Criteria for Stating IPI Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Criteria to be used in evaluating the quality of the form in which Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) objectives are stated include writing the objective in terms of observable pupil behavior, stating the performance in terms of an "action verb", specifying the object of the action verb, stating the context or conditions for displaying the…

Lindvall, C. M.

419

Portable vacuum object handling device  

DOEpatents

The disclosure relates to a portable device adapted to handle objects which are not to be touched by hand. A piston and bore wall form a vacuum chamber communicating with an adaptor sealably engageable with an object to be lifted. The piston is manually moved and set to establish vacuum. A valve is manually actuable to apply the vacuum to lift the object.

Anderson, G.H.

1981-07-30

420

Robotic Grasping of Novel Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the problem of grasping novel objects, specically ones that are be- ing seen for the rst time through vision. We present a learning algorithm that neither requires, nor tries to build, a 3-d model of the object. Instead it predicts, directly as a function of the images, a point at which to grasp the object. Our al- gorithm

Ashutosh Saxena; Justin Driemeyer; Justin Kearns; Andrew Y. Ng

2006-01-01

421

Preschoolers Search for Hidden Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of whether young children use spatio-temporal information (e.g., movement of objects through time and space) and/or contact-mechanical information (e.g., interaction between objects) to search for a hidden object was investigated. To determine whether one cue can have priority over the other, a dynamic event that put these cues into…

Haddad, Jeffrey M.; Chen, Yuping; Keen, Rachel

2011-01-01

422

Environmental enrichment for primates in laboratories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Environmental enrichment is a critical component of Refinement, one of the 3Rs underlying humane experimentation on animals. In this paper I discuss why primates housed in laboratories, which often have constraints of space and study protocols, are a special case for enrichment. I outline a framework for categorising the different types of enrichment, using the marmoset as a case study, and summarise the methods used to determine what animals want/prefer. I briefly review the arguments that enrichment does not negatively affect experimental outcomes. Finally I focus on complexity and novelty, choice and control, the underlying features of enrichment that makes it successful, and how combined with a thorough understanding of natural history we can put effective enrichment into practice in laboratories. Throughout the paper I emphasise the need to evaluate enrichment to ensure it is having the desired effect.

Buchanan-Smith, H. M.

2010-06-01

423

Optical Reflection Spectroscopy of GEO Objects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We report on optical reflection spectroscopy of geosynchronous (GEO) objects in the US Space Surveillance Network (SSN) catalog. These observations were obtained using imaging spectrographs on the 6.5-m Magellan telescopes at the Las Campanas Observatory in Chile. Our goal is to determine the composition of these objects by comparing these spectral observations with ground-based laboratory measurements of spacecraft materials. The observations are all low resolution (1 nm after smoothing) obtained through a 5 arcsecond wide slit and using a grism as the dispersing element. The spectral range covered was from 450 nm to 800 nm. All spectra were flux calibrated using observations of standard stars with the exact same instrumental setup. An effort was made to obtain all observations within a limited range of topocentric phase angle, although the solar incident angle is unknown due to the lack of any knowledge of the attitude of the observed surface at the time of observation.

Seitzer, Patrick; Cardona, Tammaso; Lederer, Susan M.; Cowardin, Heather; Abercromby, Kira J.; Barker, Edwin S.; Bedard, Donald

2013-01-01

424

Exploring the Solar System Activities Outline: Hands-On Planetary Science for Formal Education K-14 and Informal Settings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Activities by NASA scientists and teachers focus on integrating Planetary Science activities with existing Earth science, math, and language arts curriculum. The wealth of activities that highlight missions and research pertaining to the exploring the solar system allows educators to choose activities that fit a particular concept or theme within their curriculum. Most of the activities use simple, inexpensive techniques that help students understand the how and why of what scientists are learning about comets, asteroids, meteorites, moons and planets. With these NASA developed activities students experience recent mission information about our solar system such as Mars geology and the search for life using Mars meteorites and robotic data. The Johnson Space Center ARES Education team has compiled a variety of NASA solar system activities to produce an annotated thematic outline useful to classroom educators and informal educators as they teach space science. An important aspect of the outline annotation is that it highlights appropriate science content information and key science and math concepts so educators can easily identify activities that will enhance curriculum development. The outline contains URLs for the activities and NASA educator guides as well as links to NASA mission science and technology. In the informal setting educators can use solar system exploration activities to reinforce learning in association with thematic displays, planetarium programs, youth group gatherings, or community events. Within formal education at the primary level some of the activities are appropriately designed to excite interest and arouse curiosity. Middle school educators will find activities that enhance thematic science and encourage students to think about the scientific process of investigation. Some of the activities offered are appropriate for the upper levels of high school and early college in that they require students to use and analyze data.

Allen, J. S.; Tobola, K. W.; Lindstrom, M. L.

2003-01-01

425

The chief scientist reports ... The Scottish general practice shadow fund-holding project--outline of an evaluation.  

PubMed

After the agreement in January 1989 between the Minister of Health at the Scottish Office, Mr Michael Forsyth, and six groups of General Practitioners (GPs) in the Grampian and Tayside Regions of Scotland to embark on a 'shadow fund-holding' project, the Government agreed to promote an independent evaluation of the scheme. As a result, the Department of General Practice at Edinburgh University was invited to present plans to evaluate the working of and results of the scheme. Consultations with the Minister and Health Department officials, the general practices concerned, and staff of the two Health Boards involved took place during the first three months of 1990, and an outline protocol for the evaluation was approved and funded through the Chief Scientist Organisation for a three-year period from April 1990. It was agreed by all involved that piecemeal publications of results during the period of the research would be inappropriate, but with other attempts to evaluate fund-holding now being reported elsewhere in the UK, it has been agreed that an outline of issues being explored and the methods being used would be in the general interest. This paper first outlines the principal areas in which the evaluation is being focused, then describes the general methods being used, and finally comments on some of the problems encountered with the evaluation. The project should be seen as a descriptive beginning to what may well be a period of around a decade needed to appreciate the full implications of any major change in the organisation of health service provision. PMID:1526776

Howie, J G; Heaney, D J; Maxwell, M; Porter, A M; Hopton, J L; Light, C J

1992-07-01

426

Laboratory Animal Facilities. Laboratory Design Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design of laboratory animal facilities must be functional. Accordingly, the designer should be aware of the complex nature of animal research and specifically the type of animal research which will be conducted in a new facility. The building of animal-care facilities in research institutions requires special knowledge in laboratory animal…

Jonas, Albert M.

1965-01-01

427

Improved object categorization and detection using comparative object similarity.  

PubMed

Due to the intrinsic long-tailed distribution of objects in the real world, we are unlikely to be able to train an object recognizer/detector with many visual examples for each category. We have to share visual knowledge between object categories to enable learning with few or no training examples. In this paper, we show that local object similarity information--statements that pairs of categories are similar or dissimilar--is a very useful cue to tie different categories to each other for effective knowledge transfer. The key insight: Given a set of object categories which are similar and a set of categories which are dissimilar, a good object model should respond more strongly to examples from similar categories than to examples from dissimilar categories. To exploit this category-dependent similarity regularization, we develop a regularized kernel machine algorithm to train kernel classifiers for categories with few or no training examples. We also adapt the state-of-the-art object detector to encode object similarity constraints. Our experiments on hundreds of categories from the Labelme dataset show that our regularized kernel classifiers can make significant improvement on object categorization. We also evaluate the improved object detector on the PASCAL VOC 2007 benchmark dataset. PMID:23969388

Wang, Gang; Forsyth, David; Hoiem, Derek

2013-10-01

428

Geometric Methods for ATR: Shape Spaces, Metrics, Object/Image Relations, and Shapelets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report details our recent progress (1 Sept. 2006 to 30 Sept. 2007) and summarizes the work done over the entire 40 months of the project. It outlines our recent success in creating the first 'global object/image equations and metrics for the full per...

P. F. Stiller

2007-01-01

429

Learning Objects and the Development of Students' Key Competencies: A New Zealand School Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines a study investigating the impact of the use of learning objects on the development of two key competencies from the revised New Zealand Curriculum Framework (Ministry of Education, 2007). It specifically focuses on the key competencies of "thinking" and "relating to others", and explores how teachers in an urban intermediate…

Falloon, Garry

2010-01-01

430

Objectives and models of the planetary quarantine program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of the planetary quarantine program are presented and the history of early contamination prevention efforts is outlined. Contamination models which were previously established are given and include: determination of parameters; symbol nomenclature; and calculations of contamination and hazard probabilities. Planetary quarantine is discussed as an issue of national and international concern. Information on international treaty and meetings on spacecraft sterilization, quarantine standards, and policies is provided. The specific contamination probabilities of the U.S.S.R. Venus 3 flyby are included.

Werber, M.

1975-01-01

431

Multi-Objective Neural Network Optimization for Visual Object Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

In real-time computer vision, there is a need for classifiers that detect pat-terns fast and reliably. We apply multi-objective optimization (MOO) to the design of feed-forward neural networks for real-world object recognition tasks, where computational complexity and accuracy define partially conflicting ob-jectives. Evolutionary structure optimization and pruning are compared for the adaptation of the network topology. In addition, the results

Stefan Roth; Alexander Gepperth; Christian Igel

2006-01-01

432

Photo-Plan Creation of Cylindrical Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photo-plans are frequent outputs in photogrammetry focused on historical planar objects. For planar spatially articulated objects it is not possible to create an exact photo-plan but is it possible to make an orthophoto. These above mentioned methods are inappropriate for cylindrical objects. In our contribution, methods of creating photo-plans are evaluated when used for cylindrical objects. This paper deals with today's possibilities, which are available for developable bodies. Commercial software dealing with these issues is introduced and some published procedures of creating photomaps using unwrapping are shown. There are specific given examples of processing and results. A number of historical buildings contain cylindrical elements - such as towers, vaults, and apses. Their documentation is not easy and it is problematic to use the classic single image photogrammetry and popular photo-plan, which contains all photographic details. It seems to be appropriate to unwrap this form into a plane. Subsequently, the paper presents main computational procedures and methods introduced in the Laboratory of Photogrammetry of the CTU in Prague. In the practical part of this paper the software Photo UnWrap and the methods used by authors for unwrapping cylindrical and conical bodies are introduced.

Pavelka, K.; Ruzicka, S.; Bila, Z.

2013-07-01

433

Assessment of two objective voice function indices.  

PubMed

In the care of patients with voice disorders, physicians, speech pathologists, and other health care professionals routinely make diagnoses, recommend treatment, and evaluate outcomes. Although objective and subjective measures exist, unfortunately, there is no widely accepted, valid method for classifying voice disorders and assessing outcome after voice treatment. In the present research, the relationship between two previously created multivariate objective voice function indices, the weighted odds ratio index and the multivariate logistic regression index, and subjective assessment of voice function was evaluated. Twenty-three adult patients presenting to a speech science laboratory for evaluation of voice disorders were studied in this prospective observational study together with 12 normal volunteers as controls. Vocal function was measured on 14 different parameters with a protocol that included a multichannel input for simultaneous assessment of acoustic and physiological parameters. Each patient was recorded reading the standard passage "The North Wind and the Sun," and recordings were then evaluated by the GRBAS scale. Overall, there was a statistically significant relationship between the weighted odds ratio index and multivariate logistic regression index and mean GRBAS scores. This research demonstrates that the voice function values calculated from two different multivariate objective voice function indices are significantly associated with subjective voice assessments. These multivariate objective voice indices may be appropriate for use in clinical trials and outcomes research on treatment effectiveness for voice disorders. PMID:9596217

Piccirillo, J F; Painter, C; Fuller, D; Haiduk, A; Fredrickson, J M

1998-05-01

434

A Comparison of the Glasgow Coma Scale Score with Full Outline of Unresponsiveness Scale to Predict Patients' Traumatic Brain Injury Outcomes in Intensive Care Units  

PubMed Central

Background. Neurological assessment is an essential element of early warning scores used to recognize critically ill patients. We compared the performance of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) with Full Outline of Unresponsiveness (FOUR) scale as an alternative method in the identification of clinically relevant outcomes in traumatic brain injury. Objective. The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of GCS with FOUR scale. Methods. For this study 104 patients with brain injury were recruited from the ICU of Taleghani Hospital, a major teaching hospital in Kermanshah in the western part of Iran. Data was collected concurrently from the ICU admissions by three well-educated nurses and then checked for accuracy by the researcher. Patients were followed up until two weeks or hospital discharge to record their survival status. As a final point expected risk of mortality was calculated using the original formulas for each scale. Results. The mean age of 104 participants was 41.38 ± 18.22 (rang 17 to 86 years) mostly (81 patients 77.9%) males. The FOUR scale has a better prediction for death than GCS. Conclusion. It appears that FOUR scale had better predictive power for mortality and may be a suitable alternative or complementary tool for GCS.

Jalali, Rostam; Rezaei, Mansour

2014-01-01

435

Privacy Rights in the 21st Century. Seminar Outlines [of the] Education Law Association Winter Seminar (Lake Tahoe, Nevada, March 21-24, 2002).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of eight seminar outlines focuses on current privacy-rights issues in the arena of education. Seminar outlines include: (1) "The Transparency of Public School Employees' Professional and Personal Lives in the 21st Century: A Canadian Perspective," by Sam Carmen and Val Riewe; (2) "Common Law Privacy in Educational Settings," by…

Education Law Association, Dayton, OH.

436

Real-time detection and data acquisition system for the left ventricular outline. Ph.D. Thesis - Stanford Univ.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To automate the data acquisition procedure, a real-time contour detection and data acquisition system for the left ventricular outline was developed using video techniques. The X-ray image of the contrast-filled left ventricle is stored for subsequent processing on film (cineangiogram), video tape or disc. The cineangiogram is converted into video format using a television camera. The video signal from either the TV camera, video tape or disc is the input signal to the system. The contour detection is based on a dynamic thresholding technique. Since the left ventricular outline is a smooth continuous function, for each contour side a narrow expectation window is defined in which the next borderpoint will be detected. A computer interface was designed and built for the online acquisition of the coordinates using a PDP-12 computer. The advantage of this system over other available systems is its potential for online, real-time acquisition of the left ventricular size and shape during angiocardiography.

Reiber, J. H. C.

1976-01-01

437

A National Natural Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Savannah River Site, a national environmental research park that shelters wild animals and idle nuclear reactors. Outlines research conducted at the site that focuses on the recovery of ecosystems after disturbance related to the operation of nuclear reactors and other land uses. (LZ)

Cohn, Jeffrey P.

1994-01-01

438

A review of underwater acoustic systems and methods for locating objects lost at sea  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information related to the location of objects lost at sea is presented. Acoustic devices attached to an object prior to being transported is recommended as a homing beacon. Minimum requirements and some environmental constraints are defined. Methods and procedures for search and recovery are also discussed. Both an interim system and a more advanced system are outlined. Controlled acoustic emission to enhance security is the theme followed.

Lovelady, R. W.; Ferguson, R. L.

1983-01-01

439

Physiology Laboratories Quantifying Gas Exchange in Health and Disease.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes two quantitatively-oriented physiology laboratories for veterinary students. The laboratory exercises incorporate the procedures of radiology and physical examination with measurement of pulmonary function. Specific laboratory objectives, procedures and equipment needed for diagnoses of the pathologies are listed. (ML)

Olson, L. E.

1985-01-01

440

OFFICIAL COURSE OUTLINE INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This course will teach the biomechanical basis of human movement and the application of this knowledge to the qualitative analysis of human movement. Emphasis is placed on observational skill and the use of video playback in assessing human movement in sporting events and exercise programs. This course is intended for students interested in teaching physical education or coaching sporting events,

Craig Chamberlain; Craig J. Chamberlin

441

A Business Plan Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document identifies the information that should be included in a business plan, and in what order, to make it an effective management tool and an effective tool to communicate a proposed or existing company's strengths and potential to potential financiers. Following an introduction, the document explains the following sections of a business…

Kirchner, Charles, Ed.

442

General Machinists Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide for a general machinists course is intended for use in a program combining vocational English as a second language (VESL) with bilingual vocational education. A description of the VESL program design appears first. The next section provides a format on developing lesson plans for teaching the technical and general vocational…

Wilcox, Chester; And Others

443

Outline: CPU Scheduling Mechanisms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This PowerPoint slide show from an instructor with the Departmentof Computer Science at Florida State University offers an in-depth lecture notes for CPU scheduling mechanisms. Most notably, this presentation includes diagrams and logical flowcharts of CPU processes which would make the material easier to understand for instructors or students engaged in technical/community college or university level computer science or engineering courses. It provides an overview of scheduling criteria and explanation and comparison of first-come-first-served, shortest-job-next, priority and non-preemptive priority, deadline, real-time, compared with round robin CPU scheduling. Mathematical models and formulas are included along with efficiency graphs. The presentation also covers process thread context, context switching, and multilevel queues.

Liu, Xiuwen

2009-08-05

444

Obama Outlines NCLB Flexibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Obama administration will waive cornerstone requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act, including the 2014 deadline for all students to be proficient in math and reading/language arts, and will give states the freedom to set their own student-achievement goals and design their own interventions for failing schools. In exchange for that…

McNeil, Michele; Klein, Alyson

2011-01-01

445

Basic Laboratory Skills. Training Module 5.300.2.77.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is an instructional module package prepared in objective form for use by an instructor familiar with the basic chemical and microbiological laboratory equipment and procedures used in water and wastewater treatment plant laboratories. Included are objectives, instructor guides, student handouts and transparency masters. This module…

Kirkwood Community Coll., Cedar Rapids, IA.

446

Objective Assessment of Peritraumatic Dissociation: Psychophysiological Indicators  

PubMed Central

Objective The aims of this study were to investigate psychophysiological changes associated with peritraumatic dissociation in female victims of recent rape and to assess the relation between these changes and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Method Eighty-five rape victims were examined in a laboratory setting within 2 weeks after the rape, and measures of heart rate, skin conductance, and nonspecific movement were collected. Self-report indexes of reactions to the trauma and interviews to assess PTSD symptoms and peritraumatic dissociation were also completed. On the basis of their scores on the Peritraumatic Dissociation Index, the subjects were classified as having low or high levels of dissociation. Results Items from the index exhibited good internal consistency, and scores were approximately normally distributed. Individuals in the high peritraumatic dissociation group showed a significantly different pattern of physiological responses from those of the low dissociation group. In general, there was a suppression of autonomic physiological responses in the high dissociation group. This group also contained a larger proportion of subjects (94%) identified as meeting PTSD symptom criteria. Also, among the high dissociation subjects there was a discrepancy between self-reports of distress and objective physiological indicators of distress in the laboratory setting. Conclusions The results provide preliminary support for the idea that there is a dissociative subtype of persons with PTSD symptoms who exhibit diminished physiological reactivity. The results also underscore the importance of assessing dissociative symptoms in trauma survivors.

Griffin, Michael G.; Resick, Patricia A.; Mechanic, Mindy B.

2010-01-01

447

Laboratory tests, interpretation, and use of resources  

PubMed Central

Abstract Problem addressed The overuse of laboratory testing has increased rapidly and is contributing to the financial strain on the health care system in Canada. Moreover, a substantial proportion of ordered tests are unnecessary. In a search of all the Canadian family physician residency programs, none lists laboratory training as mandatory or as an optional elective in its curriculum. Objective of program To introduce family medicine residents to appropriate and efficient use of laboratory tests. Program description The program was run as a series of identical 4-hour small group sessions to facilitate discussion and laboratory tours. The curriculum focused on 7 key topics: problems associated with laboratory testing, sources of laboratory errors, definitions of normal and abnormal test results, appropriate use of laboratory requisition forms, laboratory quality assurance methods, laboratory collection processes, and costs of common laboratory tests. Residents were taken to a patient specimen collection site for a tour and introduction, followed by approximately 2 hours of didactic sessions, and ending with a tour of a large tertiary care testing facility. Conclusion The program was very well received by family medicine residents and resulted in a substantial increase in residents’ self-assessed knowledge of the 7 topics covered in the curriculum. It is hoped that this program will fill an important gap in residency training and support residents’ competency in the “selectivity” domain of training.

Abbott, Marcia; Paulin, Heidi; Sidhu, Davinder; Naugler, Christopher

2014-01-01

448

Interrupting Infants' Persisting Object Representations: An Object-Based Limit?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Making sense of the visual world requires keeping track of objects as the same persisting individuals over time and occlusion. Here we implement a new paradigm using 10-month-old infants to explore the processes and representations that support this ability in two ways. First, we demonstrate that persisting object representations can be maintained…

Cheries, Erik W.; Wynn, Karen; Scholl, Brian J.

2006-01-01

449

Automatic segmentation of moving objects for video object plane generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new video coding standard MPEG-4 is enabling content-based functionalities. It takes advantage of a prior decomposition of sequences into video object planes (VOPs) so that each VOP represents one moving object. A comprehensive review summarizes some of the most important motion segmentation and VOP generation techniques that have been proposed. Then, a new automatic video sequence segmentation algorithm that

Thomas Meier; King N. Ngan

1998-01-01

450

Object links in the repository  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Some of the architectural ramifications of extending the Eichmann/Atkins lattice-based classification scheme to encompass the assets of the full life-cycle of software development are explored. In particular, we wish to consider a model which provides explicit links between objects in addition to the edges connecting classification vertices in the standard lattice. The model we consider uses object-oriented terminology. Thus, the lattice is viewed as a data structure which contains class objects which exhibit inheritance. A description of the types of objects in the repository is presented, followed by a discussion of how they interrelate. We discuss features of the object-oriented model which support these objects and their links, and consider behavior which an implementation of the model should exhibit. Finally, we indicate some thoughts on implementing a prototype of this repository architecture.

Beck, Jon; Eichmann, David

1991-01-01

451

RECENT LASER ACCIDENTS AT DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY LABORATORIES  

SciTech Connect

Recent laser accidents and incidents at research laboratories across the Department of Energy complex are reviewed in this paper. Factors that contributed to the accidents are examined. Conclusions drawn from the accident reports are summarized and compared. Control measures that could have been implemented to prevent the accidents will be summarized and compared. Recommendations for improving laser safety programs are outlined and progress toward achieving them are summarized.

ODOM, CONNON R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2007-02-02

452

Advanced coordinate measuring machine at Sandia National Laboratories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sandia National Laboratories/California has acquired a new Moore M-48V CNC five-axis universal coordinate measuring machine (CMM). Site preparation, acceptance testing, and initial performance results are discussed. Unique features of the machine include a ceramic ram and vacuum evacuated laser pathways (VELPS). The implementation of a VELPS system on the machine imposed certain design requirements and entailed certain start-up problems. The machine's projected capabilities, workload, and research possibilities are outlined.

Pilkey, R. D.; Klevgard, P. A.

1993-03-01

453

Superquadric-Based Object Recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a technique for object recognition using superquadric built models. Superquadrics, which are three dimensional\\u000a models suitable for part-level representation of objects, are reconstructed from range images using the recover-and-select\\u000a paradigm. Using an interpretation tree, the presence of an object in the scene from the model database can be hypothesized.\\u000a These hypotheses are verified by projecting and re-fitting

Jaka Krivic; Franc Solina

2001-01-01

454

Learning objects in medical education.  

PubMed

A learning object (LO) is a grouping of instructional materials structured to meet a specified educational objective. Digital LOs, which can be stored electronically, allow a new approach to instructional activity, making medical education more efficient, and potentially more cost-effective. They are reusable and can incorporate text, graphics, animations, audio, and video to support and enhance learning. A learning object can stand alone or be aggregated with additional objects to create larger forms of educational content meeting multiple educational objectives. Digital learning objects located in online repositories can be accessed by many computers and are easily handled by an array of learning management systems for delivery to learners at any time. Integrating digital learning objects with traditional educational methods in a blended learning approach assists medical educators in meeting the challenges of competing priorities. Multimedia LOs enable learners to tailor their experience to their preferred learning style. Through the use of learning objects, learners' reactions, their acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes, and their behavioral changes become readily measurable. Learning objects provide multiple research opportunities, such as their use in adaptive learning, their added value in preclinical versus clinical education, and their impact as part of a blended learning strategy. PMID:17594550

Ruiz, Jorge G; Mintzer, Michael J; Issenberg, S Barry

2006-11-01

455

Dual aperture multispectral Schmidt objective  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A dual aperture, off-axis catadioptic Schmidt objective is described. It is formed by symmetrically aligning two pairs of Schmidt objectives on opposite sides of a common plane (x,z). Each objective has a spherical primary mirror with a spherical focal plane and center of curvature aligned along an optic axis laterally spaced apart from the common plane. A multiprism beamsplitter with buried dichroic layers and a convex entrance and concave exit surfaces optically concentric to the center of curvature may be positioned at the focal plane. The primary mirrors of each objective may be connected rigidly together and may have equal or unequal focal lengths.

Minott, P. O. (inventor)

1984-01-01

456

The Paradigm Laboratory Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project aims to develop problem-based inquiry learning laboratories that have science majors in introductory chemistry laboratories transfer an understanding of the attitudes and methods of scientific inquiry to knowledge and experiences in their disciplines of study.

Heppert, Joseph A.

2011-04-06

457

Tethered gravity laboratories study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Tethered gravity laboratories study is presented. The following subject areas are covered: variable gravity laboratory; attitude tether stabilizer; configuration analysis (AIT); dynamic analysis (SAO); and work planned for the next reporting period.

Lucchetti, F.

1989-01-01

458

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory: the Fusion Laboratories facilities and mission, including the recent tokamak experiments which resulted in the production of more than 9 million watts of thermonuclear energy.

459

Intelligent Mobility Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents activities to develop and equip a laboratory for robot mobility research and development. The laboratory includes mobile robots, testing systems, instrumentation, analysis tools, as well as test and analysis procedures. Robot mobilit...

G. Witus

2006-01-01

460

An Electronics "Unit Laboratory"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a laboratory teaching technique in which a single topic (in this case, bipolar junction transistors) is studied over a period of weeks under the supervision of one staff member, who also designs the laboratory work. (MLH)

Davies, E. R.; Penton, S. J.

1976-01-01

461

The Microscale Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The materials needed and the procedures used in three microscale chemical laboratory experiments are detailed. Included are a microscale organic synthesis, a two-step synthetic sequence for the microscale organic laboratory, and a small-scale equilibrium experiment. (CW)

Zipp, Arden P.

1990-01-01

462

Evaluation of Milk Laboratories.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Procedures for collection of sampling and laboratory survey data, establishment of an acceptable split sample program and statistical analysis of split sample results, and other administrative practices in state approval of milk laboratories are summarize...

1965-01-01

463

Engineering Design Laboratory Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document provides a brief description of the systems available for use in the Engineering Design Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland. The Engineering Design Laboratory was established to study the p...

A. B. Feeney

1991-01-01

464

BNL Sources Development Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The NSLS has a long-standing interest in providing the best possible synchrotron radiation sources for its user community, and hence, has recently established the Source Development Laboratory (SDL) to pursue research into fourth generation synchrotron radiation sources. A major element of the program includes development of a high peak power FEL meant to operate in the vacuum ultraviolet. The objective of the program is to develop the source, and experimental technology together to provide the greatest impact on UV science. The accelerator under construction for the SDL consists of a high brightness RF photocathode electron gun followed by a 230 MeV short pulse linac incorporating a magnetic chicane for pulse compression. The gun drive laser is a wide bandwidth Ti: Sapphire regenerative amplifier capable of pulse shaping which will be used to study non- linear emittance compensation. Using the compressor, 1 nC bunches with a length as small as 50 {mu}m sigma (2 kA peak current) are available for experiments. In this paper we briefly describe the facility and detail our plans for utilizing the 10 m long NISUS wiggler to carry out single pass FEL experiments. These include a 1 {mu}m SASE demonstration, a seeded beam demonstration at 300 nm, and a High Gain Harmonic Generation experiment at 200 mn. The application of chirped pulse amplification to this type of FEL will also be discussed.

Ben-Zvi, I.; Graves, W.; Heese, R.; Johnson, E.D.; Krinsky, S.; Yu, L.H.

1997-01-01

465

[Future roles of clinical laboratories and clinical laboratory technologists in university hospitals].  

PubMed

Clinical laboratories in university hospitals should be operated with a good balance of medical practice, education, research, and management. The role of a clinical laboratory is to promptly provide highly reliable laboratory data to satisfy the needs of clinicians involved in medical practice and health maintenance of patients. Improvement and maintenance of the quality of the laboratory staff and environment are essential to achieve this goal. In order to implement these requirements efficiently, an appropriate quality management system should be introduced and established, and evaluated objectively by a third party (e.g. by obtaining ISO 15189 certification). ISO 15189 is an international standard regarding the quality and competence of clinical laboratories, and specifies a review of the efficient operational system and technical requirements such as competence in implementing practical tests and calibration. This means the results of laboratory tests reported by accredited laboratories withstand any international evaluation, which is very important to assure the future importance of the existence and management of clinical laboratories as well as internationalization of medical practice. "Education" and "research" have important implications in addition to "medical practice" and "management", as the roles that clinical laboratories should play in university hospitals. University hospital laboratories should be operated by keeping these four factors in good balance. Why are "education" and "research" required in addition to "medical practice" services? If individual clinical laboratory technologists can provide an appropriate response to this question, the importance of the existence of clinical laboratories would be reinforced, without being compromised. PMID:24218765

Yokota, Hiromitsu; Yatomi, Yutaka

2013-08-01

466

INL Laboratory Scale Atomizer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A laboratory scale atomizer has been built at the Idaho National Laboratory. This has proven useful for laboratory scale tests and has been used to fabricate fuel used in the RERTR miniplate experiments. This instrument evolved over time with various impr...

C. R. Clark G. C. Knighton N. P. Hallinan R. S. Fielding

2010-01-01

467

INL Laboratory Scale Atomizer  

SciTech Connect

A laboratory scale atomizer has been built at the Idaho National Laboratory. This has proven useful for laboratory scale tests and has been used to fabricate fuel used in the RERTR miniplate experiments. This instrument evolved over time with various improvements being made ‘on the fly’ in a trial and error process.

C.R. Clark; G.C. Knighton; R.S. Fielding; N.P. Hallinan

2010-01-01

468

Undergraduate Chemistry Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty chemistry faculty from American Chemical Society-approved departments were interviewed to determine their goals for undergraduate chemistry laboratory. Faculty were stratified by type of institution, departmental success with regard to National Science Foundation funding for laboratory reform, and level of laboratory course. Interview…

Bretz, Stacey Lowery; Fay, Michael; Bruck, Laura B.; Towns, Marcy H.

2013-01-01

469

Laboratory Ventilation and Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to meet the needs of both safety and economy, laboratory ventilation systems must effectively remove air-borne toxic and flammable materials and at the same time exhaust a minimum volume of air. Laboratory hoods are the most commonly used means of removing gases, dusts, mists, vapors, and fumed from laboratory operations. To be effective,…

Steere, Norman V.

1965-01-01

470

Laboratory 0: Error Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The collection of data is an important part of all laboratory work, and interpreting the data is the major part of a laboratory report. Laboratory 0 presents a brief overview of techniques and concepts needed to estimate and analyze the errors inherent in experimental work.

Virtual Labs, Real Data (Cornell University)

2011-01-19

471

Good Laboratory Practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The principles of Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) in conjunction with the principles of Total Quality Management (see chapter 6) ensure the quality and reliability of the laboratory results, which in turn help to ensure the protection of the environment and human health and safety. A step further is the accreditation of laboratories to ISO 17025 (see chapter 2) to perform specified activities.

Hadjicostas, Evsevios

472

Laboratory-acquired Brucellosis  

PubMed Central

We report two laboratory-acquired Brucella melitensis infections that were shown to be epidemiologically related. Blood culture isolates were initially misidentified because of variable Gram stain results, which led to misdiagnoses and subsequent laboratory exposures. Notifying laboratory personnel who unknowingly processed cultures from brucellosis patients is an important preventive measure.

Gallo, Richard; Kelly, Molly; Limberger, Ronald J.; DeAngelis, Karen; Cain, Louise; Wallace, Barbara; Dumas, Nellie

2004-01-01

473

The Instructional Development Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Instructional Development Laboratory of Florida State University's Center for Educational Design (CED) is described. Among the major projects of the Laboratory has been the design and implementation of the PLATO computer-assisted instruction system. Included in the report are descriptions of (1) the facilities layout of the Laboratory, (2) the…

Towle, Nelson J.

474

Object Recognition Using Stochastic Optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe an approach to object recognition in which the image-to-model match is based on stochastic optimization. During the recognition process, an internal model is matched with a novel object view. To compensate for changes in viewing conditions (such as illumination, viewing direction), the model is controlled by a number of parameters. The matching is obtained by seeking a setting

Shimon Ullman; Assaf Zeira

1997-01-01

475

Secular Interactions of Coorbiting Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the dynamics of the three-body problem when two objects are in the 1:1 mean motion commensurability and can experience close encounters. Three orbit families are relevant to the dynamics: horseshoe orbits, passing orbits, and retrograde satellite orbits. The latter two families are present only when the relative eccentricity of the two objects is large in comparison to the

Fathi Namouni

1999-01-01

476

Carpentry. Performance Objectives. Basic Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several intermediate performance objectives and corresponding criterion measures are listed for each of 12 terminal objectives in this course guide in basic carpentry. The guide is designed to prepare persons for initial employment, or to upgrade or retrain persons already employed, or to provide the apprenticeship related course work necessary to…

Downing, C. L.; Adcox, John W., Jr.

477

Color-based object recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The purpose is to arrive at recognition of multicolored objects invariant to a substantial change in viewpoint, object geometry and illumination. Assuming dichromatic reflectance and white illumination, it is shown that normalized color rgb, saturation S and hue H, and the newly proposed color models c 1 c 2 c 3 and l 1 l 2 l 3 are

Theo Gevers; Arnold W. M. Smeulders

1999-01-01

478

Behaviors for active object recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of active object recognition is introduced and a proposal for its solution is described. It is argued that single-view object recognition is fraught with problems, mainly due to viewpoint-related ambiguities, occlusions and coincidences. Recognition which is active, that is, that has the ability to vary viewpoint according to the interpretation status, is both more viable and more closely

David R. Wilkes; John K. Tsotsos

1993-01-01

479

Printing. Performance Objectives. Intermediate Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several intermediate performance objectives and corresponding criterion measures are listed for each of 13 terminal objectives for an intermediate printing course. The materials were developed for a two-semester (3 hours daily) course with specialized classroom, shop, and practical experiences designed to enable the student to develop proficiency…

Seivert, Chester

480

Writing Objectives for Learning Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is intended for preservice and inservice teachers on all levels as they prepare and implement behavioral objectives and learning packages. Behavioral objectives are statements which describe what students will be able to do after completing a prescribed unit of instruction. Learning activity packages are self-instructional and self-paced…

Hansen, Patricia A.; Guenther, John E.

481

Improving Objective Measures of Mobility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines shortcomings in existing objective measures of mobility for blind persons in the light of evaluative experiences and demonstrates improvements in reliability, together with a new technique for tracking pavement position. It refutes the idea that it is not possible to measure improvement in performance objectively. (Author/CL)

Dodds, Allan G.; And Others

1983-01-01

482

Zero-Copy Objects System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Zero-Copy Objects System software enables application data to be encapsulated in layers of communication protocol without being copied. Indirect referencing enables application source data, either in memory or in a file, to be encapsulated in place within an unlimited number of protocol headers and/or trailers. Zero-copy objects (ZCOs) are abstract data access representations designed to minimize I/O (input/output) in the encapsulation of application source data within one or more layers of communication protocol structure. They are constructed within the heap space of a Simple Data Recorder (SDR) data store to which all participating layers of the stack must have access. Each ZCO contains general information enabling access to the core source data object (an item of application data), together with (a) a linked list of zero or more specific extents that reference portions of this source data object, and (b) linked lists of protocol header and trailer capsules. The concatenation of the headers (in ascending stack sequence), the source data object extents, and the trailers (in descending stack sequence) constitute the transmitted data object constructed from the ZCO. This scheme enables a source data object to be encapsulated in a succession of protocol layers without ever having to be copied from a buffer at one layer of the protocol stack to an encapsulating buffer at a lower layer of the stack. For large source data objects, the savings in copy time and reduction in memory consumption may be considerable.

Burleigh, Scott C.

2011-01-01

483

Repetition Blindness for Rotated Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Repetition blindness (RB) is the finding that observers often miss the repetition of an item within a rapid stream of words or objects. Recent studies have shown that RB for objects is largely unaffected by variations in viewpoint between the repeated items. In 5 experiments, we tested RB under different axes of rotation, with different types of…

Hayward, William G.; Zhou, Guomei; Man, Wai-Fung; Harris, Irina M.

2010-01-01

484

Separating Processes in Object Perception.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses connections between infants' use of object knowledge in recognition to computational, psychophysical, and neurophysiological research on adult perceptual segmentation and grouping. Considers these connections through a framework of the tasks and information involved in adult object segregation, and interprets Needham's results in this…

Kellman, Philip J.

2001-01-01

485

Object recognition with ultrasonic sensors  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have recently introduced a novel approach to sonar based object recognition for robotics. The sonar recognition system, consisting of a Polaroid sonar coupled with art A\\/D data acquisition board in a LINUX-based PC, uses a fuzzy ARTMAP neural network classification system to recognize objects at varying distances. In this article we report additional results in which we test systematically

Paolo Gaudiano

1999-01-01

486

Disentangling Multi-object Operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the problem of implementing atomic operations on multiple shared memory objects, in systems which directly support only single-object atomic operations. Our motivation is to design algorithms that exhibit both low contention between concurrent operations and a high level of concurrency, by disentangling long chains of conflicting operations. That is, operations that access widely disjoint parts of a data

Yehuda Afek; Michael Merritt; Gadi Taubenfeld; Dan Touitou

1997-01-01

487

Program Objectives for Science. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide lists program objectives for science instruction of hearing impaired students at Kendall Demonstration Elementary School. The curriculum, it is explained, is based on theories of J. Piaget. Objectives are stated in terms of process skills within four Piagetian stages of development: pre-operational, transition to concrete, concrete, and…

Bednarczyk, Angela; And Others

488

[Managing Community Colleges by Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two speeches deal with management by objectives (MBO). The first explains the rationale for such a system based on systems theory, surveys and research projects, and research in the field of behavioral sciences. It is a system of organizational leadership that translates organizational goals into specific objectives for organization members…

Connellan, Thomas K.; Lahti, Robert E.

489

Objects as Communicating Prolog Units  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this paper is to present a set of extensions to the Prolog language in order to insert in it concepts typical of parallel, distributed object-oriented systems. A program is a collection of objects (P-Units) that represent chunks of knowledge expressed as separate Prolog programs. P-units interact by asking for the demonstration of goals conceived as requests for operations. P-units can perform operations in parallel. Policies of interaction between objects, the creation of parallel activities, inheritance and delegation mechanisms are not frozen in the basic interpreter, but can be explicitly expressed in particular P-units that act as meta-objects. This approach enhances both the flexibility and reusability of the resulting object-oriented system.

Mello, Paola; Natali, Antonio

490

Outline and comparison of the possible effects present in a metal-thin-film-insulator-semiconductor solar cell  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The advantages possible with the insertion of a thin-film insulating or semi-insulating layer between a metal and a semiconductor to form the MIS photovoltaic device have been presented previously in the literature. This MIS configuration may be considered as a specific example of a more general class of photovoltaic devices: electrode-thin-film-insulator-semiconductor devices. Since the advantages of the configuration were pointed out, there has been considerable experimental interest in these photovoltaic devices. Because the previous analysis showed that the introduction of the insulator layer could produce several different but advantageous effects, this paper presents a further outline giving a comparison of these effects together with their ramifications.

Fonash, S. J.

1976-01-01

491

The tale of spring water cysts: a historical outline of surgery for congenital pericardial diverticula and cysts.  

PubMed

Congenital pericardial diverticula and cysts are extremely uncommon lesions within the anterior mediastinum. Both lesions derive from the pericardial celom and represent different stages of a common embryogenesis. Initial reports date from the 19th century. Surgical pioneers were Otto Pickhardt, who removed a pericardial cyst at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York in 1931, and Richard Sweet, who accomplished the first resection of a pericardial diverticulum at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston in 1943. These lesions were also called spring water cysts because they usually contain watery, crystal-clear fluid. This history outlines the milestones of evolving surgical management, from the first report in 1837 up to the present time. PMID:22719140

Schweigert, Michael; Dubecz, Attila; Beron, Martin; Ofner, Dietmar; Stein, Hubert J

2012-01-01

492

Laboratory Turnaround Time  

PubMed Central

Turnaround time (TAT) is one of the most noticeable signs of laboratory service and is often used as a key performance indicator of laboratory performance. This review summarises the literature regarding laboratory TAT, focusing on the different definitions, measures, expectations, published data, associations with clinical outcomes and approaches to improve TAT. It aims to provide a consolidated source of benchmarking data useful to the laboratory in setting TAT goals and to encourage introduction of TAT monitoring for continuous quality improvement. A 90% completion time (sample registration to result reporting) of <60 minutes for common laboratory tests is suggested as an initial goal for acceptable TAT.

Hawkins, Robert C

2007-01-01

493

The subjective experience of object recognition: comparing metacognition for object detection and object categorization.  

PubMed

Perceptual decisions seem to be made automatically and almost instantly. Constructing a unitary subjective conscious experience takes more time. For example, when trying to avoid a collision with a car on a foggy road you brake or steer away in a reflex, before realizing you were in a near accident. This subjective aspect of object recognition has been given little attention. We used metacognition (assessed with confidence ratings) to measure subjective experience during object detection and object categorization for degraded and masked objects, while objective performance was matched. Metacognition was equal for degraded and masked objects, but categorization led to higher metacognition than did detection. This effect turned out to be driven by a difference in metacognition for correct rejection trials, which seemed to be caused by an asymmetry of the distractor stimulus: It does not contain object-related information in the detection task, whereas it does contain such information in the categorization task. Strikingly, this asymmetry selectively impacted metacognitive ability when objective performance was matched. This finding reveals a fundamental difference in how humans reflect versus act on information: When matching the amount of information required to perform two tasks at some objective level of accuracy (acting), metacognitive ability (reflecting) is still better in tasks that rely on positive evidence (categorization) than in tasks that rely more strongly on an absence of evidence (detection). PMID:24554231

Meuwese, Julia D I; van Loon, Anouk M; Lamme, Victor A F; Fahrenfort, Johannes J

2014-05-01

494

On the Identification of the Parts of Compound Quantum Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A view of the constitution of quantum objects as reducible, in the sense of being decomposable to elementary particles, is outlined. On this view, parts of composite quantum systems are considered to be identified according to a recently introduced, specifically quantum notion of individuation (Jaeger, Found Phys 40:1396 2010). These parts can typically also be considered particles according to Wigner's symmetry-based notion. Particles are considered elementary when they satisfy a condition of elementarity, newly introduced here, that improves on that provided by Newton and Wigner. In any given instance, the compound character of a physical object can be verified in principle by decomposition, ultimately to a set of such elementary parts, through appropriate precise quantum measurements during experimentation consistently with this principle of individuation.

Jaeger, Gregg

2014-04-01

495

Compare Human-Made Objects with Natural Objects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In small groups, students experiment and observe the similarities and differences between human-made objects and objects from nature. They compare the function and structure of hollow bones with drinking straws, bird beaks, tool pliers, bat wings and airplane wings. Observations are recorded in a compare & contrast chart, and then shared in a classroom discussion, along with follow up assessment activities such as journal writing and Venn diagrams.

Center For Engineering Educational Outreach

496

Maui Space Surveillance System Satellite Categorization Laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MSSS satellite categorization laboratory is a fusion of robotics and digital imaging processes that aims to decompose satellite photometric characteristics and behavior in a controlled setting. By combining a robot, light source and camera to acquire non-resolved images of a model satellite, detailed photometric analyses can be performed to extract relevant information about shape features, elemental makeup, and ultimately attitude and function. Using the laboratory setting a detailed analysis can be done on any type of material or design and the results cataloged in a database that will facilitate object identification by "curve-fitting" individual elements in the basis set to observational data that might otherwise be unidentifiable. Currently the laboratory has created, an ST-Robotics five degree of freedom robotic arm, collimated light source and non-focused Apogee camera have all been integrated into a MATLAB based software package that facilitates automatic data acquisition and analysis. Efforts to date have been aimed at construction of the lab as well as validation and verification of simple geometric objects. Simple tests on spheres, cubes and simple satellites show promising results that could lead to a much better understanding of non-resolvable space object characteristics. This paper presents a description of the laboratory configuration and validation test results with emphasis on the non-resolved photometric characteristics for a variety of object shapes, spin dynamics and orientations. The future vision, utility and benefits of the laboratory to the SSA community as a whole are also discussed.

Deiotte, R.; Guyote, M.; Kelecy, T.; Hall, D.; Africano, J.; Kervin, P.

497

Spectroscopy of Kuiper Belt Objects and Centaurs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to their faintness, only a small fraction of the Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) and Centaurs discovered so far have been studied by spectroscopy. The spectra acquired have revealed a large variety of spectral shapes. Very few of them present absorptions. Only water ice (for a few Centaurs and KBOs) and methane (for the KBO 50000 Quaoar) have been identified unambiguously at the surface of these primitive bodies. Some weak features are found in the near infrared (for the KBO 26375 (1999DE9)) as well as in the visible (for the KBOs 47932 (2000 GN171), 38628 Huya, and 2003 AZ84) that are tentatively assigned to the presence of hydrated silicates. Other features (a narrow one due to methanol ice - or ice of a similar compound -, and a broad one that could be due to olivine) appear only in spectra of the Centaur 5145 Pholus. A few objects have heterogeneous surfaces revealed by differences in spectra recorded for different rotational phases. We will review the spectroscopic investigations and modelling attempts made so far, and see what can be deduced from them. We will then evaluate the needs for additional spectral data and laboratory data to optimize the scientific return of the observations that have been carried out. Some concluding remarks on object selections for future spectroscopic investigations and target selections for space exploration will be made.

de Bergh, C.; Barucci, A.; Doressoundiram, A.; Dotto, E.

498

Guidelines on Good Clinical Laboratory Practice  

PubMed Central

A set of Good Clinical Laboratory Practice (GCLP) standards that embraces both the research and clinical aspects of GLP were developed utilizing a variety of collected regulatory and guidance material. We describe eleven core elements that constitute the GCLP standards with the objective of filling a gap for laboratory guidance, based on IND sponsor requirements, for conducting laboratory testing using specimens from human clinical trials. These GCLP standards provide guidance on implementing GLP requirements that are critical for laboratory operations, such as performance of protocol-mandated safety assays, peripheral blood mononuclear cell processing and immunological or endpoint assays from biological interventions on IND-registered clinical trials. The expectation is that compliance with the GCLP standards, monitored annually by external audits, will allow research and development laboratories to maintain data integrity and to provide immunogenicity, safety, and product efficacy data that is repeatable, reliable, auditable and that can be easily reconstructed in a research setting.

Ezzelle, J.; Rodriguez-Chavez, I. R.; Darden, J. M.; Stirewalt, M.; Kunwar, N.; Hitchcock, R.; Walter, T.; D'Souza, M. P.

2008-01-01

499

Using Learning Objects in Games  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our research in game based learning area is moving from traditional web-based Learning Management Systems towards game-based Learning Management Systems, with the intention of integrating upsides of using games in university education. This paper gives insight in to our recent work in area of reusability of Learning Objects between web-based LMSs and game-based LMSs. One of the major issues was how to use classical Learning Objects in development of educational games. We decided to apply a Model Driven Approach to Learning Objects repurposing, which represents a two-step process. Web based Learning Object is transformed into more abstract model and then returned enriched with game specific attributes to a platform specific model. For that purpose we propose a new term Educational Game Learning Object (EGLO). Different games that use different environment and settings can simply reuse Educational Game Learning Objects. Another contribution of our work is a software tool that can be used to import, transform, edit and add metadata, store and export Learning Objects. Applicability of this approach is demonstrated in one simple example.

Minovi?, Miroslav; Milovanovi?, Miloš; Starcevic, Dusan

500

Auditory object cognition in dementia  

PubMed Central

The cognition of nonverbal sounds in dementia has been relatively little explored. Here we undertook a systematic study of nonverbal sound processing in patient groups with canonical dementia syndromes comprising clinically diagnosed typical amnestic Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 21), progressive nonfluent aphasia (PNFA; n = 5), logopenic progressive aphasia (LPA; n = 7) and aphasia in association with a progranulin gene mutation (GAA; n = 1), and in healthy age-matched controls (n = 20). Based on a cognitive framework treating complex sounds as ‘auditory objects’, we designed a novel neuropsychological battery to probe auditory object cognition at early perceptual (sub-object), object representational (apperceptive) and semantic levels. All patients had assessments of peripheral hearing and general neuropsychological functions in addition to the experimental auditory battery. While a number of aspects of auditory object analysis were impaired across patient groups and were influenced by general executive (working memory) capacity, certain auditory deficits had some specificity for particular dementia syndromes. Patients with AD had a disproportionate deficit of auditory apperception but preserved timbre processing. Patients with PNFA had salient deficits of timbre and auditory semantic processing, but intact auditory size and apperceptive processing. Patients with LPA had a generalised auditory deficit that was influenced by working memory function. In contrast, the patient with GAA showed substantial preservation of auditory function, but a mild deficit of pitch direction processing and a more severe deficit of auditory apperception. The findings provide evidence for separable stages of auditory object analysis and separable profiles of impaired auditory object cognition in different dementia syndromes.

Goll, Johanna C.; Kim, Lois G.; Hailstone, Julia C.; Lehmann, Manja; Buckley, Aisling; Crutch, Sebastian J.; Warren, Jason D.

2011-01-01