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1

Applied Mathematics Course Outline & Objectives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This PDF document from the Center for the Advancement of Process Technology provides a course outline for a basic applied mathematics course. Each section of the document includes learning objectives.

2011-02-04

2

A proof outline logic for object-oriented programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a proof outline logic that covers most typical object-oriented language constructs in the presence of inheritance and subtyping. The logic is based on a weakest precondition calculus for assignments and object allocation which takes fleld shadowing into account. Dynamically bound method calls are tackled with a variant of Hoare's rule of adaptation that deals with the dynamic

Cees Pierik; Frank S. De Boer

2005-01-01

3

Shape detection of Gaborized outline versions of everyday objects  

PubMed Central

We previously tested the identifiability of six versions of Gaborized outlines of everyday objects, differing in the orientations assigned to elements inside and outside the outline. We found significant differences in identifiability between the versions, and related a number of stimulus metrics to identifiability [Sassi, M., Vancleef, K., Machilsen, B., Panis, S., & Wagemans, J. (2010). Identification of everyday objects on the basis of Gaborized outline versions. i-Perception, 1(3), 121–142]. In this study, after retesting the identifiability of new variants of three of the stimulus versions, we tested their robustness to local orientation jitter in a detection experiment. In general, our results replicated the key findings from the previous study, and allowed us to substantiate our earlier interpretations of the effects of our stimulus metrics and of the performance differences between the different stimulus versions. The results of the detection task revealed a different ranking order of stimulus versions than the identification task. By examining the parallels and differences between the effects of our stimulus metrics in the two tasks, we found evidence for a trade-off between shape detectability and identifiability. The generally simple and smooth shapes that yield the strongest contour integration and most robust detectability tend to lack the distinguishing features necessary for clear-cut identification. Conversely, contours that do contain such identifying features tend to be inherently more complex and, therefore, yield weaker integration and less robust detectability.

Sassi, Michael; Machilsen, Bart; Wagemans, Johan

2012-01-01

4

Curriculum Outline for a General Oceanography Field Laboratory (Review Cycle-Annual).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum guide, in outline form, for oceanography field laboratories is presented. Designed to complement and expand upon an oceanography lecture course, it provides a list of objectives related to student experiences in three areas: (1) operating oceanographic equipment; (2) gathering, manipulating, and evaluating data; and (3) writing formal…

Schlenker, Richard M.

5

Time-Course Contingencies in Perceptual Organization and Identification of Fragmented Object Outlines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To study the dynamic interplay between different component processes involved in the identification of fragmented object outlines, the authors used a discrete-identification paradigm in which the masked presentation duration of fragmented object outlines was repeatedly increased until correct naming occurred. Survival analysis was used to…

Panis, Sven; Wagemans, Johan

2009-01-01

6

Health Education Curriculum Objectives and Family Life Content Outline, K-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This health education curriculum guide consists of two major sections: a list of health education objectives and a family life education content outline. Each section is subdivided by grade levels, kindergarten through 12. Health education objectives for each grade level are organized into six topic areas: mental health, physical health,…

Northern Valley Regional High School District, Closter, NJ.

7

Segmentation of Object Outlines into Parts: A Large-Scale Integrative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, a large number of observers (N=201) were asked to segment a collection of outlines derived from line drawings of everyday objects (N=88). This data set was then used as a benchmark to evaluate current models of object segmentation. All of the previously proposed rules of segmentation were found supported in our results. For…

De Winter, Joeri; Wagemans, Johan

2006-01-01

8

Air Force Materials Laboratory FY 74 Technical Objective Document.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Technical Objective Document was prepared by the Air Force Materials Laboratory (AFML) and describes the Materials Technology Planning Objectives (TPO's) for meeting future Air Force operational needs. The six Technology Planning Objectives encompass ...

B. Chasman

1973-01-01

9

Laboratory tests of IEC DER object models for grid applications.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District (SRP) and Sandia National Laboratories to jointly develop advanced methods of controlling distributed energy resources (DERs) that may be located within SRP distribution systems. The controls must provide a standardized interface to allow plug-and-play capability and should allow utilities to take advantage of advanced capabilities of DERs to provide a value beyond offsetting load power. To do this, Sandia and SRP field-tested the IEC 61850-7-420 DER object model (OM) in a grid environment, with the goal of validating whether the model is robust enough to be used in common utility applications. The diesel generator OM tested was successfully used to accomplish basic genset control and monitoring. However, as presently constituted it does not enable plug-and-play functionality. Suggestions are made of aspects of the standard that need further development and testing. These problems are far from insurmountable and do not imply anything fundamentally unsound or unworkable in the standard.

Blevins, John D. (PE Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ); Menicucci, David F.; Byrd, Thomas, Jr. (,; .); Gonzalez, Sigifredo; Ginn, Jerry W.; Ortiz-Moyet, Juan (Primecore, Inc.)

2007-02-01

10

An Exploratory Study of Objective Attainment in the Divergent Physics Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students enrolled in the introductory physics laboratory at New Mexico State University participated in this study. A stated set of objectives, developed by Dr. John M. Fowler of the Commission on College Physics, was used in the laboratory. This study attempted to measure student achievement based on the use of these objectives as opposed to the…

Lerch, Robert Donald

11

Apprentice Machine Theory Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume contains outlines for 16 courses in machine theory that are designed for machine tool apprentices. Addressed in the individual course outlines are the following topics: basic concepts; lathes; milling machines; drills, saws, and shapers; heat treatment and metallurgy; grinders; quality control; hydraulics and pneumatics;…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Div. of Vocational-Technical Schools.

12

Keeping Warm: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Keeping Warm issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

13

Polar Oceans: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Polar Oceans issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

14

Tundra: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Tundra: Life in the Polar Extremes issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

15

Objective and Subjective Assessment of Reciprocal Peer Teaching in Medical Gross Anatomy Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This articles describes the use of reciprocal peer teaching (RPT) used in an anatomy dissection laboratory course. Outcomes used to measure learning included objective and subjective variables; course grades and study surveys.

2009-07-27

16

"Chips with Everything": A Laboratory Exercise for Comparing Subjective and Objective Measurements of Potato Chips  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The following laboratory exercise was designed to aid student understanding of the differences between subjective and objective measurements. Students assess the color and texture of different varieties of potato chip (crisps) by means of an intensity rating scale and a rank test and objectively with a colorimeter and texture analyzer. For data…

Davies, Cathy

2005-01-01

17

REPORT APPROACH AND OUTLINE  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... OUTLINE Page 2. General Approach • Develop framework for report ... Page 3. Framework • Adopt/modify framework in background note Page 4. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

18

Distributive Education: Secondary, Course Outline. Revised 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The document is a revision of earlier units, updated to include behavioral or performance objectives. Divided into 22 units of instruction, the course outline for distributive education presents suggested length of time for each part of a unit, prerequisites, a description of the part, objectives, sources, outline for the section, activities,…

Washington State Coordinating Council for Occupational Education, Olympia.

19

Education Place: Outline Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from Education Place's Social Studies Center lists a selection of outline maps for use in the classroom or at home. Sample maps include Africa: Political; Africa: Political and Physical; California's Regions; Colonial America, 1776; Eastern Hemisphere; Southern Asia: Political; United States: Postal Abbreviations; United States: Climate; The United States in 1860. It contains also five maps with different views of the world.

20

Effect of Night Laboratories on Learning Objectives for a Nonmajor Astronomy Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We tested the effectiveness of hands-on nighttime laboratories that challenged student misconceptions, using a new assessment exam to measure learning in a nonmajor introductory astronomy class at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. We were able to increase learning at the 8.0 sigma level on one of the Moon phase objectives that was addressed in a…

Jacobi, Ian C.; Newberg, Heidi Jo; Broder, Darren; Finn, Rose A.; Milano, Anthony J.; Newberg, Lee A.; Weatherwax, Allan T.; Whittet, Douglas C. B.

2009-01-01

21

Effect of Night Laboratories on Learning Objectives for a Nonmajor Astronomy Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We tested the effectiveness of hands-on nighttime laboratories that challenged student misconceptions, using a new assessment exam to measure learning in a nonmajor introductory astronomy class at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. We were able to increase learning at the 8.0 sigma level on one of the Moon phase objectives that was addressed in a…

Jacobi, Ian C.; Newberg, Heidi Jo; Broder, Darren; Finn, Rose A.; Milano, Anthony J.; Newberg, Lee A.; Weatherwax, Allan T.; Whittet, Douglas C. B.

2009-01-01

22

3D numerical simulations of laboratory models of accretion shocks in young stellar objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show preliminary results of our numerical simulations of laboratory experiments of radiative shocks. Such experiments aim at understanding accretion shocks in young stellar objects. Three-dimensional non-stationary radiation hydrodynamics calculations were performed with the code HERACLES. X-UV spectra were then generated with the new three-dimensional radiative transfer code IRIS.

Ibgui, L.; Hubeny, I.; Lanz, T.; Stehlé, C.; González, M.; Chièze, J.-P.

2012-12-01

23

Outline of the History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The term `electrophoresis,' that is, the motion of charged particles under the influence of an applied electric field, was formulated as early as the nineteenth century. The first to use electrophoresis as a technique for mixtures separation was Tiselius, who for his accomplishments was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 11 years later. Others to contribute to the development of capillary electrophoresis were Hjertén, Jorgenson and Lukacs, as well as Terabe. This chapter presents a brief historical outline of electromigration techniques.

Buszewski, Bogus?aw; Dziubakiewicz, Ewelina

24

"The Search For Object X", a Capstone Laboratory Exercise from Project CLEA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The latest astronomy laboratory exercise from Project CLEA (Contemporary Laboratory Experiences in Astronomy), "The Search for Object X", is similar in principle to the final experiment in a qualitative chemical analysis course. Students are simply given the coordinates of an "unknown" object and asked to describe its characteristics as fully as possible. They have at their disposal several simulated optical and radio telescopes of varying aperture, along with a photoelectric photometer, a photon-counting spectrograph, and a CCD camera. If the object is a star, for instance, they must classify its spectral type and determine its distance. If it is a cluster they may estimate its distance and age. If it is a galaxy, they must measure its radial velocity and estimate how far away it is. If no visible source is present, they may see if it is a radio source, and if so, what kind. The new CLEA exercise includes a full set of simulated instruments, along with an extensive database containing information on over 15 million stars, several selected star clusters, several tens of thousands of galaxies, over 500 pulsars, and other objects. The student manual describes classification criteria for objects, and provides suggestions for observational strategies. Teachers' materials include suggestions for interesting objects and alternative projects. Because it makes available a complete virtual sky that is uses real data, the "Object X" exercise breaks new ground for Project CLEA. It can accommodate a wide range of open-ended discovery-based activities. It makes it possible to illustrate techniques of "data mining" as well as multiwavelength observing to the undergraduate astronomy lab. Beta-versions of the exercise will be available at the meeting. Future development of this exercise will involve the inclusion of a large database of asteroid elements (>90,000), IR and UV spectra, and multi-wavelength images of selected objects. Project CLEA is funded by the National Science Foundation and Gettysburg College.

Snyder, G. A.; Marschall, L. A.; Cooper, P. R.

2000-12-01

25

A Laboratory Impact Study of Simulated Edgeworth–Kuiper Belt Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a series of laboratory impact experiments designed to provide basic data on how simulated Edgeworth–Kuiper belt objects (EKOs) fragment in an impact event. In September–October 1997 we carried out 20 low-velocity airgun shots at the Ames Vertical Gun Range into porous and homogeneous ice spheres using aluminum, fractured ice, and solid ice projectiles. We found that

Eileen V. Ryan; Donald R. Davis; Ian Giblin

1999-01-01

26

Student Perceptions of Textbook Outlines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in an introductory psychology course evaluated 3 types of outlines (traditional, graphical, alphabetical) and then provided summary information about their use of outlines and rank ordered their preferred type of outlines. Over 75% of students agreed that outlines are useful, and students clearly prefer the traditional, Roman…

Landrum, R. Eric; Clark, Jeremy

2006-01-01

27

An Outline for Teaching Conservation in High Schools, Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are outlines of seventeen separate school subjects related to conservation. Each subject outline includes a general discussion, objectives, topics for study or discussion and suggested activities for the teacher to include in a unit on conservation. The outline furnishes broad objectives that can be used by state, county, and independent…

Soil Conservation Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

28

Long Term Care Aide. Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course outline is intended to assist the instructor in the development of a curriculum for a long-term care aide program by specifying one component of the curriculum--the objectives. These objectives, or competencies expected as outcomes for student performance on completion of the program, describe the capabilities an individual must…

Wilbee, Judy

29

Sugar content of popular sweetened beverages based on objective laboratory analysis: focus on fructose content.  

PubMed

The consumption of fructose, largely in the form of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), has risen over the past several decades and is thought to contribute negatively to metabolic health. However, the fructose content of foods and beverages produced with HFCS is not disclosed and estimates of fructose content are based on the common assumption that the HFCS used contains 55% fructose. The objective of this study was to conduct an objective laboratory analysis of the sugar content and composition in popular sugar-sweetened beverages with a particular focus on fructose content. Twenty-three sugar-sweetened beverages along with four standard solutions were analyzed for sugar profiles using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in an independent, certified laboratory. Total sugar content was calculated as well as percent fructose in the beverages that use HFCS as the sole source of fructose. Results showed that the total sugar content of the beverages ranged from 85 to 128% of what was listed on the food label. The mean fructose content in the HFCS used was 59% (range 47-65%) and several major brands appear to be produced with HFCS that is 65% fructose. Finally, the sugar profile analyses detected forms of sugar that were inconsistent with what was listed on the food labels. This analysis revealed significant deviations in sugar amount and composition relative to disclosures from producers. In addition, the tendency for use of HFCS that is higher in fructose could be contributing to higher fructose consumption than would otherwise be assumed. PMID:20948525

Ventura, Emily E; Davis, Jaimie N; Goran, Michael I

2010-10-14

30

Lost objects: from the laboratories of hypnosis to the psychoanalytic setting.  

PubMed

The psychoanalytic setting counts today as one of the familiar therapeutic rituals of the Western world. Taking up some of the insights of the anthropology of science will allow us to account for both the social and the material arrangements from which Freud's invention emerged at the end of the nineteenth century out of the clinical laboratories and private consulting rooms of practitioners of hypnosis. The peculiar way of neglecting or forgetting the object world and the institution of the psychoanalyst as a "transference object" will be traced back to multiple reconfigurations in the history of hypnotism in France and in Germany. In this process, different practitioners tried to achieve a synthesis of clinical work and experimental psychology, with the aim of objectifying knowledge about human subjectivity. While Freud retained the claim of psychoanalysis performing an experimental situation, he set apart his own setting from the objectifying practices which were characteristic of this experimental psychology located in the clinic and the private consulting room. PMID:17147215

Mayer, Andreas

2006-03-01

31

Weather and Climate: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Weather and Climate issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

32

Rocks and Minerals: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Rocks and Minerals issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

33

Outline  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... 2009. Encapsulation of adult pig islets in monolayer cellular device to correct STZ diabetes in primates w/o immunosuppression. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

34

Women and Mass Media Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A complete upper division or graduate course outline for examining the media's effects on sex role stereotyping of women in society is presented in this paper. Various sections of the paper include (1) course objectives designed to explore how the media portrays women, how the media treats the changing role of women in society, and whether the…

Hill, Janellen

35

Women and Mass Media Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A complete upper division or graduate course outline for examining the media's effects on sex role stereotyping of women in society is presented in this paper. Various sections of the paper include (1) course objectives designed to explore how the media portrays women, how the media treats the changing role of women in society, and whether the…

Hill, Janellen

36

Curriculum Outline for Tennessee Transition Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum outline for the Sevier County, Tennessee, transition program for special needs students provides goals and objectives for the following domains: domestic, vocational, community functioning, and recreation/leisure. The domestic domain covers personal hygiene/grooming, first aid, home nursing, birth control/pregnancy, parenting, drug…

Esch, B. J.

37

Curriculum Outline for Tennessee Transition Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum outline for the Sevier County, Tennessee, transition program for special needs students provides goals and objectives for the following domains: domestic, vocational, community functioning, and recreation/leisure. The domestic domain covers personal hygiene/grooming, first aid, home nursing, birth control/pregnancy, parenting,…

Esch, B. J.

38

Using MPEG21 DIDL to Represent Complex Digital Objects in the Los Alamos National Laboratory Digital Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the use of NISO OpenURL and MPEG-21 Digital Item Processing (DIP) to disseminate complex objects and their contained assets, in a repository architecture designed for the Research Library of the Los Alamos National Laboratory. In the architecture, the MPEG-21 Digital Item Declaration Language (DIDL) is used as the XML-based format to represent complex digital objects. Through

Jeroen Bekaert; Patrick Hochstenbach; Herbert Van de Sompel

2003-01-01

39

Object-recognition tasks: comparing paper versions to computerized laboratory methods.  

PubMed

This study attempts to generalize Biederman's 1987 findings regarding Recognition by Components theory, which were obtained using a computer administered object-recognition task, to an analog or paper task that is consistent with typical assessment or testing procedures. Three versions of an object-recognition task were developed after the Structure of Intellect-Learning Abilities Test by Meeker, Meeker, and Roid. One version contained randomly fragmented objects, one contained objects with vertices present, and the third contained objects with midsegments. 30 participants were administered each of the three versions in a counterbalanced order. The results are consistent with those of Biederman. Objects with missing vertices were more difficult to recognize than objects with missing midsegments. There was no difference between randomly fragmented objects and those with vertices present. Implications for object-recognition research and test-item development are discussed. In particular, it is suggested that perceptual theories should be used in developing test items to gain greater control in creating items of appropriate difficulty and to increase the validity of the overall instrument. PMID:11883583

Guyette, Jody; Koch, Christopher

2002-02-01

40

Audit History and Time-Slice Archiving in an Object DBMS for Laboratory Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The requirements for laboratory databases include many of the same features specified for other types of databases, including enforcement of a rigorous transaction model, support for concurrent users, distributed recovery capabilities, performance, and security. However, the requirements differ from most databases by the emphasis on saving a complete and recoverable record of historical data for some types of data. This

Timothy P. Loomis

41

Objective assessment of stress levels and health status using routinely measured clinical laboratory parameters as biomarkers.  

PubMed

Observed stress intensity was estimated using a scoring system from 0-100. Health status was estimated using the readily available laboratory measurements of C-reactive protein, neutrophil count, and fasting plasma glucose. We found that the stress score determined was linked to patient health status. Further studies are indicated. PMID:21851309

Hui, Liu; Shijun, Li; Xinyu, Zhao; Yuai, Wang; Xiaoting, Xu

2011-08-19

42

Quantum logic. A brief outline  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantum logic has been introduced by Birkhoff and von Neumann as an attempt to base the logical primitives, the propositions and the relations and operations among them, on quantum theoretical entities, and thus on the related empirical evidence of the quantum world. We give a brief outline of quantum logic, and some of its algebraic properties, such as nondistributivity, whereby

Karl Svozil

1999-01-01

43

Outline of Programe Registration System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After the outline of the copyright registration system was described in this paper, the program registration system, which has started from April l, 1987, was introduced in focussing on the subjects as the special case and a methodology of registration procedures and how to submit the application.

Kono, Masamichi

44

Building Trades 1. Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended to assist building trades instructors, this course outline to a prevocational building trades program for junior and senior high school students covers four occupational areas: carpentry, masonry, plumbing, and electricity. Specific notes to the administrator and teacher and the course goals precede the four occupational units. Each unit…

Hill, Clair S.

45

Foster Parent Training Project: Course Outlines. (Revised Edition).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These course outlines were prepared for project instructors involved in training foster parents. The courses are designed for a 24-hour discussion format. Each course outline provides a statement of general objectives, a list of specific goals to be achieved in the course, important points to be emphasized and suggested activities and reading…

Ryan, Patricia; And Others

46

Technopolis Toward Realization (I) : Outline  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is the Technopolis concept proposed by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry that industry (high-technology industry), science (technological institutes, private research institutes) and housing space (residential area with scope and spare) are well-balanced and linked each other functionally leading to build-up a new town should be promoted by maintaining tradition peculier to the region on one hand and by introducing vitality of high-tech industry on the other. This concept was enacted in April, 1983 as the “Promotion Act of Integrated Area Development for Advanced Technology Industry (Technopolis Act).” At present 18 Technopolis development projects are authorized and their constructions are in progress. Other two projected areas are now under investigation by the related ministries. This paper describes the definition, significance and characteristics of Technopolis, the briefings up to the enactment, and the outline of the Act. Themes of the 18 Technopolis development projects are also specified.

Okubo, Kaname

47

Masonry. Progress Record, Theory Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended to reduce unnecessary paper work on the part of the shop instructor in a masonry course, this job assignment book offers a simplified method of keeping student records up-to-date. It lists theory objectives and specific objectives for masonry courses in grades 10, 11, and 12. To help the instructor in planning and organizing in advance,…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Div. of Vocational-Technical Schools.

48

INTRODUCTION Outline of Round Tables Outline of Round Tables  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Second International Conference and Advanced School 'Turbulent Mixing and Beyond', TMB-2009, was held at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, (ICTP), Trieste, Italy on 27 July-7 August 2009. TMB-2009 united over 180 participants ranging from students to members of the National Academies of Sciences and Engineering, and including researchers at experienced and early stages of their carriers from leading scientific institutions in academia, national laboratories, corporations and industry worldwide. Responding to the community's inquiry and reaffirming the practices established at TMB-2007, two Round Tables were organized for the participants of TMB-2009 on 30 July 2009 and 6 August 2009 in the Oppenheimer Room at the Centre. The goals of the Round Tables were to encourage the information exchange among the members of the interdisciplinary and international TMB community, promote discussions regarding the state-of-the-art in TMB-related scientific areas, identify directions for frontier research, and articulate recommendations for future developments. This article is a summary of the collective work of the Round Table participants (listed alphabetically below by their last names), whose contributions form its substance and, as such, are greatly appreciated. Abarzhi, Snezhana I (University of Chicago, USA) Andrews, Malcolm (Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA) Belotserkovskii, Oleg (Institute for Computer Aided Design of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia) Bershadskii, Alexander (ICAR, Israel) Brandenburg, Axel (Nordita, Denmark) Chumakov, Sergei (Stanford University, USA) Desai, Tara (University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy) Galperin, Boris (University of South Florida, USA) Gauthier, Serge (Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, France) Gekelman, Walter (University of California at Los Angeles, USA) Gibson, Carl (University of California at San Diego, USA) Goddard III, William A (California Institute of Technology, USA) Grinstein, Fernando (Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA) Gupta, Anupam (Indian Institute of Science, India) Hazak, Giora (Negev Nuclear Research Center, Israel) Jayakumar, J S (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, India) Kaneda, Yukio (Nagoya University, Japan) Klimenko, Alexander Y (University of Queensland, Australia) Krommes, John A (Princeton University, USA) Lvov, Victor (Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel) Meshram, Mayoordhwaj (Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, India) Minnini, Pablo (University of Buenos Aires, Argentina) Mukund, Vasudevan (Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, India) Nadiga, Balu (Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA) Nepomnyaschy, Alexander (Technion, Israel) Niemela, Joseph J (International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy) Nishihara, Katsunobu (Institute for Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Japan) Orlov, Sergei S (Stanford University and InPhase Technologies, USA) Petrosyan, Arakel (Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia) Pouquet, Annick (National Center for Atmospheric Research, USA) Procaccia, Itamar (Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel) Pudritz, Ralph E (McMaster University, Canada) Pullin, Dale (California Institute of Technology, USA) Sreenivasan, Katepalli R (International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy) Sukoriansky, Semion (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel) Thornber, B (Cranfield University, UK) van Duin, Adri (Pennsylvania State University, USA) Velikovich, Alexander (Naval Research Laboratory, USA) Williams, Robin (Atomic Weapons Establishment, UK) Youngs, David L (Atomic Weapons Establishment, UK) Zweibel, Ellen (University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA) Based of suggestions of the TMB invited speakers, lecturers and Scientific Advisory Committee members, a number of key issues were selected for in-depth discussion at the Round Tables. Specifically, participants of the Round Tables considered similarities and differences between "canonical" and "non-canonical" turbulent processes, identified problems which are most appealin

Abarzhi, Snezhana I.; Sreenivasan, Katepalli R.

2010-12-01

49

Revenge after trauma: Theoretical outline  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Tis chapter focuses on revenge, a somewhat neglected psychological phenomenon ofen occurring in the context of embitterment\\u000a that has been observed to be associated with traumatization and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Recent theoretical approaches\\u000a to and research findings on revenge and its specific relationship to embitterment phenomena are summarized, and therapeutic\\u000a implications are discussed. The main objective of the chapter

Ira Gäbler; Andreas Maercker

50

5. TOOL ROOM, NOTE TOOL OUTLINES ON BOARD. Looking east ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. TOOL ROOM, NOTE TOOL OUTLINES ON BOARD. Looking east at tool board. - Edwards Air Force Base, Air Force Rocket Propulsion Laboratory, Shop Building for Test Stand 1-5, Test Area 1-115, northwest end of Saturn Boulevard, Boron, Kern County, CA

51

Laboratory Reagents  

SciTech Connect

Replaced by WMH-310, Section 4.17. This document outlined the basic methodology for preparing laboratory reagents used in the 222-S Standards Laboratory. Included were general guidelines for drying, weighing, transferring, dissolving, and diluting techniques common when preparing laboratory reagents and standards. Appendix A contained some of the reagents prepared by the laboratory.

CARLSON, D.D.

1999-10-08

52

Integrating Laboratory Activity into a Junior High School Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a wind power system laboratory activity and an outline for evaluating student performance in this activity. The work described here was to design and implement the laboratory to assist teachers in achieving the teaching objective of this activity. The laboratory teaching activities introduce energy sources, wind energy…

Shyr, Wen-Jye

2010-01-01

53

Integrating Laboratory Activity into a Junior High School Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a wind power system laboratory activity and an outline for evaluating student performance in this activity. The work described here was to design and implement the laboratory to assist teachers in achieving the teaching objective of this activity. The laboratory teaching activities introduce energy sources, wind energy…

Shyr, Wen-Jye

2010-01-01

54

Representing Value as Digital Object: A Discussion of Transferability and Anonymity; Digital Library Initiatives of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft; CrossRef Turns One; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes four articles that discuss the use of digital objects to represent value in a network environment; digital library initiatives at the central public funding organization for academic research in Germany; an application of the Digital Object Identifier System; and the Web site of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. (LRW)|

Kahn, Robert E.; Lyons, Patrice A.; Brahms, Ewald; Brand, Amy; van den Bergen, Mieke

2001-01-01

55

Electrical Trades. Suggested Basic Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This course outline is intended to assist vocational instructors in developing and teaching a course in the electrical trades. Addressed in the individual sections of the outline are the following topics: orientation (a course overview, job orientation, safety, first aid, and Vocational Industrial Clubs of America); basic skills (mathematics,…

Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Vocational Instructional Services.

56

Water, Ice, and Snow: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Water, Ice, and Snow issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

57

Energy and the Polar Environment: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Energy and the Polar Environment issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

58

Printing Trades. Suggested Basic Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course outline is intended to assist vocational instructors in developing and teaching a course in the printing trades. The outline, which has been written in accordance with the block progressive method of teaching, addresses the following areas: orientation (a course overview, youth leadership, and theory); layout and design (type, format,…

Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Vocational Instructional Services.

59

Arctic and Antarctic Birds: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from the Arctic and Antarctic Birds issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica; Shiverdecker, Terry

60

A Sense of Place: Unit Outlines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article assembles free resources from A Sense of Place, an issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine, into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

61

9 CFR 114.8 - Outline of Production required.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Outline of Production for a biological product was filed, object...in the preparation of such biological product and notify the licensee...the product license for the biological product involved; in which...Management and Budget under control number 0579-0013)...

2013-01-01

62

COURSE OUTLINE FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE OBJECTIVE OF THE 16-MODULE COURSE OUTLINED IN THIS GUIDE IS TO HELP TEACHERS PREPARE FORMER FARMERS, HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUTS AND GRADUATES, AND UNEMPLOYED, AND EMPLOYED PERSONS FOR OCCUPATIONAL ENTRY AS AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SETUP MEN, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, MECHANICS, PARTS MEN, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS. IT WAS DEVELOPED BY A NATIONAL TASK FORCE…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

63

Cyber Ethics Course Outline and Syllabus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Systems Security and Information Assurance (CSSIA) provides this zip file with a course outline, syllabus and other documents for a cyber ethics course. The file includes six Microsoft Word Doc files, including the syllabus, class guidelines, text book information and other information.

2013-07-05

64

Education Department's Senese Outlines Science, Math Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is an interview with Donald J. Senese (Department of Education Assistant Secretary) in which the department's functions, responsibilities, and philosophies in precollege science/mathematics education are outlined and discussed. Specific questions answered relate to curriculum development, creationism, copyright ownership of software,…

Lepkowski, Wil

1983-01-01

65

AN OUTLINE FOR TEACHING CONSERVATION HIGH SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THIS OUTLINE HAS BEEN ORGANIZED IN A FORM WHICH PERMITS THE TEACHING OF CONSERVATION TO THE GREATEST NUMBER OF STUDENTS, BY INTERWEAVING THE SUBJECT WITH THE PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES COMMONLY TAUGHT IN HIGH SCHOOLS. THE CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES IS AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE SCIENCES AND BECOMES MORE MEANINGFUL TO STUDENTS WHEN THE…

Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.

66

Environmental radiation standards. [Outline of slide presentation  

SciTech Connect

This document contains an outline of an oral presentation on environmental radiation standards presented to the American Nuclear Societies' Topical Conference on Population Exposure from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle. The paper contains several definitions, a summary of current radiation exposure limits; and numerous proposed changes to current standards. 7 figs. (TEM)

Kocher, D.C.

1987-01-01

67

African neurosurgery part I: Historical outline  

Microsoft Academic Search

This outline of the history of African neurosurgery explains the role that North Africa has played in the Middle Ages in the development of neurosurgery, the origins of the development of the latter in the twentieth century, and the delay that African neurosurgery still shows at the present time in the majority of African countries.On the papyrus of the pharaonic

A. El Khamlichi

1998-01-01

68

Picasso's neoclassic outlines: An archaeology of consciousness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The innovations and outlinings in Picasso's critically formative Pink Period, and in his recurrent classicisms, clearly stem from once novel and then fashionably assimilated imagery of Late Archaic and Severe style Greek art (Fig. 1; cf. also Fig. 3). As far as I know, however, nowhere in the vast Picasso literature is mentioned another obvious but pedestrian source for these

Seymour Howard

1996-01-01

69

Outline of a Theory of Punishment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the revised suppression theory outlined in this paper, the primary mechanism of punishment is not a competition of responses but rather a competition of motives. The principal assumptions are, (1) that maintenance of non-reflex behavior involves the su...

W. K. Estes

1967-01-01

70

Avionics. Progress Record and Theory Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This combination progress record and course outline is designed for use by individuals teaching a course in avionics that is intended to prepare students for employment in the field of aerospace electronics. Included among the topics addressed in the course are the following: shop practices, aircraft and the theory of flight, electron physics,…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Div. of Vocational-Technical Schools.

71

Automobile Course. Progress Record and Theory Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This combination progress record and course outline is designed for use by individuals teaching a course in automobile repair. Included among the topics addressed in the course are the following: shop safety, engines, fuel and exhaust systems, electrical systems, crankcase lubrication systems, cooling systems, power transmission systems, steering…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Div. of Vocational-Technical Schools.

72

Avionics. Progress Record and Theory Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This combination progress record and course outline is designed for use by individuals teaching a course in avionics that is intended to prepare students for employment in the field of aerospace electronics. Included among the topics addressed in the course are the following: shop practices, aircraft and the theory of flight, electron physics,…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Div. of Vocational-Technical Schools.

73

A model to set measurement quality objectives and to establish measurement uncertainty expectations in analytical chemistry laboratories using ASTM proficiency test data  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model is presented that correlates historical proficiency test data as the log of interlaboratory standard deviations versus\\u000a the log of analyte concentrations, independent of analyte (measurand) or matrix. Analytical chemistry laboratories can use\\u000a this model to set their internal measurement quality objectives and to apply the uncertainty budget process to assign the\\u000a maximum allowable variation in each major step

Dean A. Flinchbaugh; L. F. Crawford; David Bradley

2001-01-01

74

Laboratory simulation of Kuiper belt object volatile ices under ionizing radiation: CO-N2 ices as a case study.  

PubMed

The exposure of icy Kuiper belt objects (KBOs) by ionizing radiation was simulated in this case of exposing carbon monoxide-nitrogen (CO-N(2)) ices by energetic electrons. The radiation-induced chemical processing was monitored on-line and in situ via FTIR spectroscopy and quadrupole mass spectrometry. Besides the array of carbon oxides being reproduced as in neat irradiated carbon monoxide (CO) ices studied previously, the radiation exposure at 10 K resulted in the formation of nitrogen-bearing species of isocyanato radical (OCN), linear (l-NCN), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)), plus diazirinone (N(2)CO). The infrared assignments of these species were further confirmed by isotopic shifts. The temporal evolution of individual species was found to fit in first-order reaction schemes, prepping up the underlying non-equilibrium chemistry on the formation of OCN, l-NCN, and NO radicals in particular. Also unique to the binary KBO model ices and viable for the future remote detection is diazirinone (N(2)CO) at 1860 cm(-1) (2?(5)) formed at lower radiation exposure. PMID:21687881

Kim, Y S; Zhang, F; Kaiser, R I

2011-06-20

75

On object state testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of object state testing is illustrated through a simple example. We show that certain errors in the implementation of object state behavior cannot be readily detected by conventional structural testing, functional testing, and state testing. We describe an object state test model and outline a reverse engineering method for extracting object state behaviors from C++ source code. The

D. c. Kung; N. Suchak; J. Gao; P. Hsia; Y. Toyoshima; C. Chen

1994-01-01

76

New Laboratory-Based Optical Functions of Cosmic Abundance Glass: Comparison to “Astronomical Silicates” and Application to Post-AGB Object HD 161796  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Complex refractive indices (optical functions) for amorphous silicates are used to model and interpret a wide variety of astrophysical environments including H II regions, circumstellar dust around evolved stars and in disks around young stellar objects (YSOs), and active galactic nuclei (AGN). However, the most widely-used optical functions in the literature have been derived using compositionally and structurally disparate materials, and were prepared with inconsistent methodology, kludging observational data and laboratory data with different experimental methods to populate the wavelength space. Furthermore, these previous optical functions often include portions derived from astronomical observations rather than laboratory spectra. New quantitative laboratory data are available to build up wavelength coverage for amorphous silicates in a more systematic way. We present optical functions and extinction cross-sections derived from mid-UV to far-IR laboratory transmission spectra of cosmic abundance silicate glass. The advantages of using these data are that our glass sample was synthesized especially with cosmic (solar) abundances in mind and excludes iron. We compare these results to other popular optical functions used to model amorphous silicates (e.g., “astronomical” or “cosmic” silicate by Draine & Lee 1984, Draine 2003, Ossenkopf et al. 1992), both directly and in application to HD 161796, a spherically symmetric, O-rich system with a visible central star, optically thin dust shell, and radiation field intermediate to AGB and PN class targets. The new cosmic silicate optical functions have much lower UV-vis and NIR opacity than the traditionally used functions necessitating significantly more dust (1 or 2 orders of magnitude for mass) to model an object like HD 161796. Furthermore, the lower opacity has an impact on the fraction of crystalline material needed to match the observed spectrum. Previous models produced using older optical functions will underestimate the dust mass and overestimate the importance of crystalline silicates. This work is supported through NSF AST-1009544 and NASA APRA04-000-0041.

Speck, Angela; Pitman, K. M.; Hofmeister, A. M.; Whittington, A. G.

2013-06-01

77

Implementation of outline software for priority management  

SciTech Connect

No matter what your profession, most busy days require that you juggle priorities -- especially when an unexpected occurrence changes your plans. In spite of such priority juggling, relatively few people use computers to help them to decide on which job to do next. Such lack of this computer application is of no surprise. Consider that the human brain has a 100 billion-cell capacity. Each neuron of the brain is capable of receiving 100,000 or more signals. It is easy to understand, then, why such a powerful organizing and memory system is so apt with notebook, yellow stickies, or pad and pencil. But if you are responsible for the status or progress of as many as 25 to 200 or more jobs on a given day, then a computer with outliner software could be one of your most useful tools. Some trees in the work-jungle change overnight. Outliner software can help you to keep track of such changes that beget changes, seemingly without end. 14 figs.

Miller, P.E.

1989-01-01

78

Quality assurance plan for the Objective Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document establishes the Quality Assurance Plan (QAP) for the National Guard Bureau Objective Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) project activities under the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) management. It defines the requirements and assigns responsibilities for ensuring, with a high degree of confidence, that project objectives will be achieved as planned. The QAP outlined herein is responsive to and

K. A. Stewart; K. A. Rasch; R. W. Reid

1996-01-01

79

Gauge Theory Gravity: Outline and Utility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gauge Theory Gravity, as formulated by Lasenby, Doran, and Gull, is a reformulation of gravitation as a gauge theory in Minkowski spacetime. This picture makes gravitation look formally analogous to the other forces of nature. It is locally equivalent to general relativity (the basic field equations are equivalent in form to the Cartan formulation of general relativity), but presents significant conceptual differences and certain calculational advantages. We provide an overview of the theory, its explicit relation to general relativity, and outline a constructive method for generating solutions. As an illustration, we obtain the most general spherically symmetric stationary vaccum solution, which explicitly displays all coordinate freedom and contains as special cases all common forms of the spherically symmetric vacuum metric.

Francis, Matthew; Kosowsky, Arthur

2003-04-01

80

Outline of the Library of Congress Classification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Originally developed for the classification of materials held in the US Library of Congress, today the LCC is used to classify and arrange materials from academic libraries to virtual collections of Internet resources, such as the Scout Report Signpost. The LCC is maintained by the Cataloging Policy and Support Office of the Library of Congress. The 21 broad classes of LCC listed on the main page are further broken down by subclass for browsing. While not as easy to read as the tables in the "Unofficial Guide" to the Library of Congress Classification System (discussed in the September 13, 1996 Scout Report), the CPSO outline is the authoritative source for the LC Classification; it contains the latest additions and changes to the classification scheme.

Office., Library O.

1997-01-01

81

The influence of initial outlines on manual segmentation  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Initial outlines are often presented as an aid to reduce the time-cost associated with manual segmentation and measurement of structures in medical images. This study evaluated the influence of initial outlines on manual segmentation intraobserver and interobserver precision. Methods: Three observers independently outlined all pleural mesothelioma tumors present in five computed tomography (CT) sections in each of 30 patient scans. After a lapse of time, each observer was presented with the same series of CT sections with the outlines of each observer superimposed as initial outlines. Each observer created altered outlines by altering the initial outlines to reflect their perception of the tumor boundary. Altered outlines were compared to original outlines using the Jaccard similarity coefficient (J). Intraobserver and interobserver precision of observer outlines were calculated by applying linear mixed effects analysis of variance models to the J values. The percent of minor alterations (alterations that resulted in only slight changes in the initial outline) was also recorded. Results: The average J value between pairs of observer original outlines was 0.371. The average J value between pairs of observer outlines when altered from an identical initial outline was 0.796, indicating increased interobserver precision. The average difference between J values of an observer’s segmentation created by altering their own initial outline and when altering a different observer’s initial outline was 0.476, indicating initial outlines strongly influence intraobserver precision. Observers made minor alterations on 74.5% of initial outlines with which they were presented. Conclusions: Intraobserver and interobserver precision were strongly dependent on the initial outline. These effects are likely due to the tendency of observers to make only minor corrections to initial outlines. This finding could impact observer study design, tumor growth assessment, computer-aided diagnosis system validation, and radiation therapy target volume definition when initial outlines are used as an observer aid.

Sensakovic, William F.; Starkey, Adam; Roberts, Rachael; Straus, Christopher; Caligiuri, Philip; Kocherginsky, Masha; Armato, Samuel G.

2010-01-01

82

Scientists Outline Volcanic Ash Risks to Aviation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ash clouds that belched out of Iceland's Eyjafjallajökull volcano last spring and dispersed over much of Europe, temporarily paralyzing aviation, were vast smoke signal warnings about the hazard that volcanic ash poses for air traffic around the world. At a 15 December news briefing at the AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco, two experts with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) presented an overview of the damage airplanes can sustain from rock fragment- and mineral fragment-laden ash, an update on efforts to mitigate the hazard of ash, and an outline of further measures that are needed to address the problem. Between 1953 and 2009, there were 129 reported encounters of aircraft with volcanic ash clouds, according to a newly released USGS document cited at the briefing. The report, “Encounters of aircraft with volcanic ash clouds: A compilation of known incidents, 1953-2009,” by Marianne Guffanti, Thomas Casadevall, and Karin Budding, indicates that 26 encounters involved significant damage to the airplanes; nine of those incidents resulted in engine shutdown during flight. The report, which does not focus on the effects on airplanes of cumulative exposure to dilute ash and does not include data since 2009, indicates that “ash clouds continue to pose substantial risks to safe and efficient air travel globally.”

Showstack, Randy

2011-01-01

83

Outline Test Plan for Test Series I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall technical objectives for the Phase 1 programme of the Grimethorpe Experimental Facility were presented in a draft document ''Phase 1 Research Programme: Baseline and Modified Option Cases'', produced in May 1979 and discussed at subsequent Tec...

1981-01-01

84

Production Systems. Laboratory Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This production systems guide provides teachers with learning activities for secondary students. Introductory materials include an instructional planning outline and worksheet, an outline of essential elements, domains and objectives, a course description, and a content outline. The guide contains 30 modules on the following topics: production…

Gallaway, Ann, Ed.

85

Communication Systems. Laboratory Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This communication systems guide provides teachers with learning activities for secondary students. Introductory materials include an instructional planning outline and worksheet, an outline of essential elements, a list of objectives, a course description, and a content outline. The guide contains 32 modules on the following topics: story…

Sutherland, Barbara, Ed.

86

Objective and subjective measures of the pharmacodynamic effects of Adderall in the treatment of children with ADHD in a controlled laboratory classroom setting.  

PubMed

In a randomized double-blind crossover study of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the time course effects of four doses of Adderall (5, 10, 15, and 20 mg) and an inactive (placebo) control, and an active (Ritalin) control were evaluated. A laboratory classroom setting was established in which subjective (teacher ratings of deportment and attention) and objective (scores on math tests) measurements were taken every 1.5 hours across the day. In addition to significant time and dose effects of Adderall, significant time-of-day effects were documented in the placebo condition for the subjective measure of deportment and objective measures of performance. Regression analyses were used to estimate the magnitude of these baseline effects. Correlations across time were used to evaluate the test-retest reliability of each measure in the face of these time-dependent placebo effects. After placebo/time adjustments, within-subject correlations between pairs of measures were used to evaluate the validity of the math test as a measure of response to stimulant medication. PMID:9564199

Swanson, J; Wigal, S; Greenhill, L; Browne, R; Waslick, B; Lerner, M; Williams, L; Flynn, D; Agler, D; Crowley, K L; Fineberg, E; Regino, R; Baren, M; Cantwell, D

1998-01-01

87

Advanced Marketing/Coop Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the information required to present a 1-year school course that is the capstone class of a 2-year marketing major and is designed for high school students wishing to develop the skills required for entry into the marketing industry. The document begins with a rationale, brief course description, list of course objectives,…

Dixon, Bobby

88

Kuitututkimusohjelman runkosuunnitelma. (Outline plan for FIBRE research programme).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To make the Finnish paper industry and equipment manufacturers more competitive by improving energy management in mechanical pulping. Information for the outline plan was obtained from interviews and the literature. The preliminary outline plan was presen...

J. Sundholm

1989-01-01

89

Effects of Electronic Outlining on Students' Argumentative Writing Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effect of electronic outlining on the quality of students' writing products and how outlining affects perceived mental effort during the writing task. Additionally, it was studied how students appropriate and appreciate an outline tool and whether they need explicit instruction in order to engage in planning. To answer…

de Smet, M. J. R.; Broekkamp, H.; Brand-Gruwel, S.; Kirschner, P. A.

2011-01-01

90

Object Oriented Learning Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We apply the object oriented software engineering (OOSE) design methodology for software objects (SOs) to learning objects (LOs). OOSE extends and refines design principles for authoring dynamic reusable LOs. Our learning object class (LOC) is a template from which individualised LOs can be dynamically created for, or by, students. The properties…

Morris, Ed

2005-01-01

91

Digital Object Prototypes: An Effective Realization of Digital Object Types  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital Object Prototypes (DOPs) provide the DL designer with the ability to model diverse types of digital objects in a uniform manner while offering digital object type conformance; objects conform to the designer's type definitions automatically. In this paper, we outline how DOPs effectively capture and express digital object typing infor- mation and finally assist in the development of unified

Kostas Saidis; George Pyrounakis; Mara Nikolaidou; Alex Delis

2006-01-01

92

Curriculum Outline for Introduction to Engineering Chemistry. First Edition. Review Cycle-Annual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum outline consists of behavioral objectives (called terminal and enabling objectives) for Introduction to Engineering Chemistry, a one-semester, post-secondary course consisting of four 1-hour lectures each week. Course goal is to introduce marine engineering students to the rudiments of basic/introductory inorganic chemistry. The…

Schlenker, Richard M.

93

Outline of the ELI-Beamlines facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ELI-Beamlines will be a high-energy, repetition-rate laser pillar of the ELI (Extreme Light Infrastructure) project. It will be an international facility for both academic and applied research, slated to provide user capability since the beginning of 2016. The main objective of the ELI-Beamlines Project is delivery of ultra-short high-energy pulses for the generation and applications of high-brightness X-ray sources and accelerated particles. The laser system will be delivering pulses with length ranging between 10 and 150 fs and will provide high-energy petawatt and 10-PW peak powers. For high-field physics experiments it will be able to provide focused intensities attaining 1024 Wcm-2, while this value can be upgraded in a later phase without the need to upgrade the building infrastructure. In this paper we describe the overall conception and layout of the designed ELI-Beamlines facility, and review some essential elements of the design.

Rus, B.; Batysta, F.; ?áp, J.; Divoký, M.; Fibrich, M.; Griffiths, M.; Haley, R.; Havlí?ek, T.; Hlavác, M.; H?ebí?ek, J.; Homer, P.; H?íbek, P.; Jand'Ourek, J.; Juha, L.; Korn, G.; Korouš, P.; Košelja, M.; Kozlová, M.; Kramer, D.; Kr?s, M.; Lagron, J. C.; Limpouch, J.; Macfarlane, L.; Malý, M.; Margarone, D.; Matlas, P.; Mindl, L.; Moravec, J.; Mocek, T.; Nejdl, J.; Novák, J.; Olšovcová, V.; Palatka, M.; Perin, J. P.; Pešlo, M.; Polan, J.; Prok?pek, J.; ?ídký, J.; Rohlena, K.; R?ži?ka, V.; Sawicka, M.; Scholzová, L.; Snopek, D.; Strkula, P.; Švéda, L.

2011-05-01

94

The Telescope: Outline of a Poetic History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Amongst the first editions of Galileo's books, only the Saggiatore has on its frontispiece the image of the telescope. Indeed, the telescope is not pictured on the very emphatic frontispieces of the other books in which Galileo was presenting and defending the results achieved by his celestial observations, such as the Sidereus Nuncius. Many contemporary scientists denied the reliability of the telescope, and some even refused to look into the eyepiece. In the 16th and 17th century, the lenses, mirrors, and optical devices of extraordinary complexity did not have the main task of leading to the objective truth but obtaining the deformation of the reality by means of amazing effects of illusion. The Baroque art and literature had the aim of surprising, and the artists gave an enthusiastic support to the telescope. The poems in praise of Galileo's telescopic findings were quite numerous, including Adone composed by Giovanni Battista Marino, one of the most renowned poets of the time. The Galilean discoveries were actually accepted by the poets as ideologically neutral contributions to the "wonder" in spite they were rejected or even condemned by the scientists, philosophers, and theologians.

Stocchi, M. P.

2011-06-01

95

Laboratory Safety and Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explains a scientific approach to accident prevention and outlines the safety aspects associated with the handling of chemicals in the secondary school. Provides a check list of unsafe acts and conditions, outlines features of good laboratory management, and gives hints for combating the effects of inflation on science budgets. (GS)|

Goodenough, T. J.

1976-01-01

96

An Outline of the Goals, Objectives, and Activities of the Princeton Cooperative School Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Princeton Cooperative School Program (PCSP), an Upward Bound project at Princeton University, was initiated in 1964 and continued until October 1976. Program services were directed toward low-income, educationally disadvantaged, high potential adolescents, and the program's goal was to enlarge the pool of qualified, low-income, disadvantaged…

Fiori, Clem, Ed.; Thomas, Earl P., Ed.

97

The Ultimate Curriculum Guide Outline: From Philosophy to Test Items.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The curriculum guide outline (CGO) developed for the Richland School District One (Columbia, South Carolina) represents a structured effort to coordinate the curriculum across disciplines. The CGO is an outline that guides the total curriculum content of a course and states the level of mastery acceptable for course credit. It has five components…

Saylor, Lucinda L.

98

26 CFR 1.679-0 - Outline of major topics.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Outline of major topics. 1.679-0 Section 1.679-0 Internal Revenue...Treated As Substantial Owners § 1.679-0 Outline of major topics. This section lists the major paragraphs contained...

2013-04-01

99

26 CFR 1.338-0 - Outline of topics.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Revenue 4 2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Outline of topics. 1.338-0 Section 1.338-0 Internal Revenue...TAXES Effects on Corporation § 1.338-0 Outline of topics. This section lists the captions contained in the...

2009-04-01

100

26 CFR 1.883-0 - Outline of major topics.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Outline of major topics. 1.883-0 Section 1.883-0 Internal Revenue... Foreign Corporations § 1.883-0 Outline of major topics. This section lists the major paragraphs contained...

2013-04-01

101

26 CFR 1.338-0 - Outline of topics.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Revenue 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Outline of topics. 1.338-0 Section 1.338-0 Internal Revenue...CONTINUED) Effects on Corporation § 1.338-0 Outline of topics. This section lists the captions contained in the...

2013-04-01

102

26 CFR 1.679-0 - Outline of major topics.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Outline of major topics. 1.679-0 Section 1.679-0 Internal Revenue...Treated As Substantial Owners § 1.679-0 Outline of major topics. This section lists the major paragraphs contained...

2010-04-01

103

26 CFR 1.883-0 - Outline of major topics.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Outline of major topics. 1.883-0 Section 1.883-0 Internal Revenue...TAXES Foreign Corporations § 1.883-0 Outline of major topics. This section lists the major paragraphs contained...

2010-04-01

104

Biological Science Grade 7. An Instructional Course Outline. Publication No. SC-862.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Biological Science Grade 7, a one semester course in the Los Angeles Unified School District, provides students with opportunities for a comprehensive study of living organisms using an investigative approach. This course outline is designed to assist teachers in planning and implementing daily and weekly lessons and in meeting course objectives.…

Los Angeles Unified School District, CA. Office of Secondary Instruction.

105

Basic Science Process Skills. An Inservice Workshop Kit: Outlines and Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A science process skill project was developed to help elementary teachers meet competency standards in New Mexico for teaching the process approach in their science classes. An outline of the process skills along with recommended activities are presented in this document. Performance objectives are identified and a sample activity form is…

Rowland, Paul; And Others

106

Outlining a critical ethos for historical work in occupational science and occupational therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The writing of history is a powerful process that helps define and redefine the nature of whatever is written about. In this paper I outline the characteristics and objectives of a critical historical methodology inspired by the work of Foucault and demonstrate its benefit for occupational science and occupational therapy. This critical orientation is used to uncover how history and

Daniel K. Molke

2009-01-01

107

Sex differences in proximal humeral outline shape: elliptical Fourier functions.  

PubMed

A method is presented for the numerical analysis of sex differences in size and shape of the proximal humeral outlines using elliptical Fourier functions (EFFs). A skeletal sample consisting of right and left humeri pairs of 69 individuals, 36 males and 33 females, was used. The proximal superior view in the plane of the proximo-distal axis of each humerus was photographed and then 54 boundary points were located on the two-dimensional outline tracings. These points were digitized and used to compute EFFs with 27 harmonics. From the EFFs, a set of expected points on the proximal humeral outline was generated using the centroid as an origin. Superimposition of the male and female outlines on this centroid provided a detailed picture of the relative sex differences in size and shape with respect to that center. The bounded area of the proximal humeral outline showed statistically significant sex differences. Additionally, statistical results of the amplitudes derived from the "area-standardized" EFFs and visual assessments of the mean outline plots indicated significant sex differences in shape of the proximal humeral outlines. Focusing on localized regional differences, the greater tubercle was located more postero-medially and the lesser tubercle was located more anteriorly in the males compared to the females. Sex determinations from the proximal humeri were also examined with discriminant functions based on the amplitudes, which represent shape characteristics of the outline, and the hounded area. Using a cross-validation method, predictions of the percentages of cases correctly classified with the discriminant functions were ranged from 92.8% to 95.7% for the right and left humeral data. These results suggest that differences in size and shape of the proximal humeral outlines may be better predictors of sex when compared with conventional measurements of the humerus. PMID:10782949

Tanaka, H; Lestrel, P E; Uetake, T; Kato, S; Ohtsuki, F

2000-03-01

108

Three implementations of fractal analysis of particle outlines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three methods of calculating the stride (perimeter step-off) for determining the fractal (Hausdorff-Besicovitch) dimension from Richardson Plots are described. The initial input of two-dimensional projections of grains or of micrographs is from a videodigitizer which supplies coordinates of the particle outline. The three algorithms give differences in the speed and accuracy of the calculated fractal dimension according to the way in which the stride is calculated from the coordinate (pixel) information. Although the FAST method may be suitable for some types of (grain) outline, it is considered best to standardize on either the EXACT or HYBRID algorithms for all outline roughness assessments.

Hayward, Janette; Orford, Julian D.; Brian Whalley, W.

109

9 CFR 114.9 - Outline of Production guidelines.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...used until accepted and filed by Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. (c) Outline...micro-organisms. I. Character and amount of growth; observation as to contamination of growth. J. Method of attenuation, if any,...

2013-01-01

110

9 CFR 114.9 - Outline of Production guidelines.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...used until accepted and filed by Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. (c) Outline...micro-organisms. I. Character and amount of growth; observation as to contamination of growth. J. Method of attenuation, if any,...

2009-01-01

111

9 CFR 114.9 - Outline of Production guidelines.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...used until accepted and filed by Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. (c) Outline...micro-organisms. I. Character and amount of growth; observation as to contamination of growth. J. Method of attenuation, if any,...

2010-01-01

112

June 29, 2012: Meeting Presentations-Outline Form  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... FDA Update 06/29/12 - Slides Outline (PDF - 128KB); Peters - Introduction and Overview - Recent Research on Communicating Uncertainty 06/29 ... More results from www.fda.gov/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials/riskcommunicationadvisorycommittee

113

View of fourth level platform from north. Note the outline ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of fourth level platform from north. Note the outline of the Shuttle cargo bay and wing formed by the edge of the platforms. - Marshall Space Flight Center, Saturn V Dynamic Test Facility, East Test Area, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

114

Objectives and Current Status of the IAEA Network of Centers of Excellence: Training in and Demonstration of Waste Disposal Technologies in Underground Research Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

Underground Research Laboratories (URLs) to develop and demonstrate technologies for the safe geologic disposal of radioactive wastes have been established for national purposes by several Member States of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Under the auspices of the IAEA, nationally developed URLs and associated research institutions are being offered for use by other nations. These facilities form a Network of Centers of Excellence for training in and development of waste disposal technologies. Experience gained in the operation of the facilities, and through associated experimentation and demonstrations, will be transferred to participating Member States through hands-on work at the facilities. The Network consists of Network Members and Network Participants who share co-operative activities. Network Members are owners of facilities who have offered them to be part of the Network. At this time there are eight Members consisting of six underground facilities, a laboratory, and a university. Network Participants can potentially come from any interested IAEA Member State having spent nuclear fuel for disposal, with or without an established program for geologic disposal. There are presently about 15 Network Participants. A significant Network activity beginning in 2003 will be a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on characterization and evaluation of swelling clays for use in engineered barrier systems of geologic repositories. At the end of this project, every involved Member State should be able to identify and characterize a swelling clay that is suitable for use in a geologic repository. As the Network grows, additional CRPs to be carried out in the Underground Research Facilities of the Network Members will be defined.

Bell, M. J.; Knapp, M. R.

2003-02-27

115

A Suggested Basic Course Outline for Industrial Electronics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This course outline for industrial electronics, one of a series for teaching vocational industrial shop subjects in public schools, includes basic skills and technical information for the course. It should be supplemented with other complementary and necessary areas of related instruction. Fifteen major blocks, divided into 2 years of…

Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Vocational Instructional Services.

116

Precision Sheet Metal. Progress Record and Theory Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This combination progress record and course outline is designed for use by individuals teaching a course in precision sheet metal. Included among the topics addressed in the course are the following: employment opportunities in metalworking, measurement and layout, orthographic projection, precision sheet metal drafting, simple layout, hand…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Div. of Vocational-Technical Schools.

117

Small Business Management. Part II. A Suggested Adult Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is a companion to "Small Business Management Part I" published by the New York State Education Department in 1968. The course outlined by the guide is primarily for those who aspire to own and operate their own business, and those in business who wish to improve their operations. The course consists of six lessons covering…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Continuing Education Curriculum Development.

118

Telemarketing. Curriculum Guides & Content Outlines for Telemarketing: Telemarketing Specialist.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide and content outline for the telemarketing specialist contains seven sections: (1) specialized telemarketing tasks; (2) telemarketing selling skills; (3) marketing tasks; (4) business-related tasks; (5) business-specific tasks; (6) personnel/human resources related; and (7) communications and minimum skill tasks. Each section…

Shepard, Del

119

Tsunami construction risks in the Mediterranean – outlining Malta's scenario  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To provide data on the tsunami hazard of the Mediterranean region, to outline the Maltese Islands specific tsunami risks. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The physics of tsunami and the tsunami magnitude scales are first introduced. The Mediterranean tsunami characteristics are introduced by reference to sources (1962-2003). Following this the Mediterranean tsunami vulnerability assessment is undertaken. This then narrows down to

Denis H. Camilleri

2006-01-01

120

Initial Training in Professional Psychology: The Practicum Competencies Outline  

Microsoft Academic Search

The practicum is the first practice-based step toward independent professional competence in psychology. As the practicum becomes a focus of interest in psychology education, there is a strong need to identify the domains and levels of competence that should be the focus of practicum training. To address this need, the current report introduces the Practicum Competencies Outline, a summary of

Robert L. Hatcher; Kim Dudley Lassiter

2007-01-01

121

Signal and Communications. Progress Record and Theory Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This combination progress record and course outline is designed for use by individuals teaching a course in signals and communications. Included among the topics addressed in the course are the following: matter, the nature of electricity, dry cells and batteries, Ohm's law, power, magnetism, measurement instruments, Kirchoff's laws,…

Connecticut State Dept. of Education, Hartford. Div. of Vocational-Technical Schools.

122

Toward a generalized theory of uncertainty (GTU) - an outline  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a deep-seated tradition in science to view uncertainty as a province of probability theory. The generalized theory of uncertainty (GTU) which is outlined in this paper breaks with this tradition and views uncertainty in a much broader perspective. Uncertainty is an attribute of information. A fundamental premise of GTU is that information, whatever its form, may be represented

Lotfi A. Zadeh

2005-01-01

123

Linguistic Theory and the Study of English; A Selective Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Outline is designed for students of the English language who have progressed beyond the introductory stage and are confronted by a variety of often conflicting texts. It is an attempt to provide a "comprehensive account of the fundamental coherence to be found among the major theories of linguistics" and an "appraisal of the cultural lags…

Keller, Joseph R.

124

Numerical analysis of the proximal humeral outline: Bilateral shape differences.  

PubMed

A new method is presented for the numerical analysis of bilateral differences in the size and shape of the proximal humeral outlines using elliptical Fourier functions (EFFs). A skeletal sample of 36 pairs of right and left humeri was used. The proximal superior view in the plane of the proximodistal axis of each humerus was photographed with an 800 mm telephoto lens. The two-dimensional humeral outlines were carefully traced onto acetate sheets and 54 boundary points were located. These points were digitized and used to compute size-standardized EFFs with 27 harmonics. From the EFFs, a set of expected points on the proximal humeral outline was generated using the centroid as an origin. Superimposition of the right and left humeral outlines on this centroid provided a detailed picture of the relative bilateral shape differences with respect to that center. The proximal humeri showed significant bilateral size and shape differences, although the pattern of asymmetry in shape varied with respect to the region on the boundary outline. In particular, one localized aspect, the tubercular region of the proximal humeri showed significant bilateral shape differences. In contrast, the humeral head consistently showed not only a much smaller degree of bilateral shape differences, but also much less variability in size as well as shape. The results suggest that while the overall articular shape changes little with altered mechanical loadings placed on articular surfaces, the changes in the tubercular regions of the proximal humeri may be susceptible to the varying stresses associated with particular physical activities. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 11:343-357, 1999. Copyright 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc. PMID:11533955

Tanaka, Hideyuki

1999-01-01

125

Anthropological Objects Conservation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online article introduces students to the Objects Conservation Laboratory run by the museum's Anthropology Division. It discusses the main activities of the lab's conservators what that process involves.

126

Laboratory Determination of Hydraulic Conductivity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From D.B. McWhorterand D. K. Sunda's 1977 Ground-Water Hydrology and Hydraulics, this two page excerpt outlines and details Laboratory Determination of Hydraulic Conductivity. Here, visitors will find illustrations and formula to understand the concept.

2008-02-07

127

Solder joint reliability of a thin small outline package (TSOP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reliability of 0.5 mm pitch, 32-pin thin small outline package (TSOP) solder joints was studied by experimental temperature cycling and a cost-effective 3D nonlinear finite element analysis. Temperature cycling results were presented as a Weibull distribution, and an acceleration factor was established for predicting the failure rate at operating conditions. The thermal fatigue life of the corner solder joints

J. Lau; Suresh Golwalkar; Paul Boysan; Robert Surratt; Don Rice; Richard Forhringer; S. Erasmus

1992-01-01

128

On the Riemann zeta-function, Part I: Outline  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of a multipart work are outlined. Use is made therein of the conjunction of the Riemann hypothesis, RH, and hypotheses advanced by the author. Let z(n) be the nth nonreal zero of the Riemann zeta-function with positive imaginary part in order of magnitude thereof. A relation is obtained, of the pair z(n) and the first derivative thereat of the

Anthony Csizmazia

2007-01-01

129

Outlines of a behavioral theory of the entrepreneurial firm  

Microsoft Academic Search

In A Behavioral Theory of the Firm (BTF), Cyert and March [Cyert, R.M., March, J.G., 1963. A Behavioral Theory of the Firm. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ] present a clutch of ideas for explaining the behavior of established firms within an environment of well-defined markets, stakeholder relationships, technologies, and so on. In this paper, we outline a behavioral theory of the

Nicholas Dew; Stuart Read; Saras D. Sarasvathy; Robert Wiltbank

2008-01-01

130

Swallowed Object  

MedlinePLUS

... toys, coins, safety pins, buttons, bones, wood, glass, magnets, batteries or other foreign objects. Problems may arise ... toys, coins, safety pins, buttons, bones, wood, glass, magnets, batteries or other foreign objects. These objects often ...

131

Building outline extraction from airborne laser scanning data over urban areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Urban building extraction is an important research topic in urban studies. We present a three-step method to detect the outline of buildings, Firstly, DEM (Digital Elevation Model) is separate from DSM (Digital Surface Model), in our algorithm, and surface based method is adopted. The second step is to classify buildings and other off-terrain objects. Texture characters are selected to classify them. Four parameters (Contrast, Energy, Entropy, and Homogeneity) are defined to describe textures. Rough set method is used to distinguish between buildings and non-buildings based on knowledge gained from training data. Finally, we convert images which buildings are detected to polygons, building outlines are obtained. The data set we use in this paper is located in Ada County of Idaho State, USA. Experiments show building detection rate with our method is more than 85%. It shows the method adopted in this paper is feasible.

Wang, Chengyi; Yang, Jian; Chen, Jingbo

2009-10-01

132

Safer Science: Laboratory Relocation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The movement of hazardous chemicals found in high school science laboratories and chemical storerooms can be risky business due to the increased likelihood of an accidental spill, contamination, or other type of mishap. Prudent safety planning and practice need to be addressed in order to eliminate or minimize the potential for chemical incidents. Giving thought to the guidelines outlined in this article will help initiate the process of moving chemical inventories within and between school laboratories and storerooms.

Roy, Ken

2008-10-01

133

Affective Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will attempt t o d efine a new area of research: affective c ommunication through the use of affective objects. An affective object may be defined as any physical object which has the ability to sense emotional data from a person, map that information to an abstract form of expression and communicate that information expressively, either back to

Jocelyn Scheirer; Rosalind W. Picard

134

A clinical outline to fever in intensive care patients.  

PubMed

Fever is a common symptom in intensive care unit (ICU) patients and is caused by a wide variety of infectious and noninfectious disorders. The presence of fever often results in the act of diagnostic tests and procedures that considerably increase medical costs and expose the patient to inappropriate use of antibiotics which eventually results in antibiotic resistance. Thus, evaluation of the febrile patient in the ICU requires a meticulous and attentive approach. Currently, managing ICU patients with fever should be towards a more restrictive approach than simply starting antibiotic therapy. This review summarizes the common causes of fever in ICU patients and outlines a clinical approach to the management of these patients. PMID:23370123

Öncü, S

2013-01-31

135

Outline of fast analyzer for MHD equilibrium FAME  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The FAME (Fast Analyzer for Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Equilibrium) system has been developed in order to provide more than 100 MHD equilibria in time series which are enough for the non-stationary analysis of the experimental data of JT-60 within about 20 minutes shot interval. The FAME is an MIMD type small scale parallel computer with 20 microprocessors which are connected by a multi-stage switching system. The maximum theoretical speed is 250 MFLOPS. For the software system of FAME, MHD equilibrium analysis code SELENE and its input data production code FBI are tuned up taking the parallel processing into consideration. Consequently, the computational performance of the FAME system becomes more than 7 times faster than the existing general purpose computer FACOM M780-10s. This report summarizes the outline of the FAME system including hardware, soft-ware and peripheral equipments.

Sakata, Shinya; Haginoya, Hirofumi; Tsuruoka, Takuya; Aoyagi, Tetsuo; Saito, Naoyuki; Harada, Hiroo; Tani, Keiji; Watanabe, Hideto

1994-02-01

136

Underground oil shale retorting. [Basic principles are outlined  

SciTech Connect

The basic principles involved in combustion processing of oil shale are outlined. The manual is designed to serve as an introduction to the subject for the support personnel of the LLL Oil Shale Project. The material is presented in a simple two page format with one page devoted to a figure or table and the facing page contains a brief description of that material. Thus, it can serve as a self-study guide. Following a brief description of oil shale, how it was formed, and the extent of the resource, an overview of the concepts and major technical problems of Modified In-Situ (MIS) Oil Shale Retorting is presented. Finally, the liquid product, shale oil, is compared with typical petroleum crudes.

Campbell, J.H.; Raley, J.H.

1980-02-01

137

Laboratory interface in support of Environmental Restoration Programs  

SciTech Connect

A vital part of quality environmental data resides in the communication between the project and the analytical laboratory. It is essential that the project clearly identify its objectives to the laboratory and that the laboratory understands the scope and limitations of the analytical process. Successful completion of an environmental project must include an aggressive program between project managers and subcontracted Lyrical laboratories. All to often, individuals and organizations tend to deflect errors and failures observed in environmental toward {open_quotes}the other guy{close_quotes}. The engineering firm will blame the laboratory, the laboratory will blame the field operation, the field operation will blame the engineering, and everyone will blame the customer for not understanding the true variables in the environmental arena. It is the contention of the authors, that the majority of failures derive from a lack of communication and misunderstanding. Several initiatives can be taken to improve communication and understanding between the various pieces of the environmental data quality puzzle. This presentation attempts to outline mechanisms to improve communication between the environmental project and the analytical laboratory with the intent of continuous quality improvement. Concepts include: project specific laboratory statements of work which focus on project and program requirements; project specific analytical laboratory readiness reviews (project kick-off meetings); laboratory team workshops; project/program performance tracking and self assessment and promotion of team success.

Pardue, G.J. Jr.

1994-06-01

138

Comparing Objects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Clifford, the big red dog, hosts an animated game where students click on the object that Clifford describes. The objects are in sets and students click on the smallest, tallest, shortest, etc. Clifford gives a "good job" reinforcement for the correct answer. Students are prompted to try again if they select the incorrect answer. No reading is required.

Pbskids.org

2011-06-28

139

Melting Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a technique for producing realistic animations of melting objects. The work presented here introduces a method that accurately models both thermal flow and the latent heat during the phase change. The mechanism for energy transfer to the model is via both boundary conditions and radiation. Emphasis is made on accurately modelling the solid object and the method

Mark W. Jones

2003-01-01

140

With Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

OSUIF is an extension to SUIF 2.0 that provides support for the compilation of object-oriented languages. OSUIF extends standard SUIF in three main areas: symbol table, intermediate language, and exception handling. The resulting system should be able to support compilers for many (but not all) object-oriented languages. The two initial OSUIF front ends will support C++ and Java.

Andrew Duncan; Bogdan Cocosel; Costin Iancu; Holger Kienle; Radu Rugina; Urs Hölzle; Martin Rinard

141

DOE (Department of Energy) nuclear weapon R and T (research, development, and testing): Objectives, roles, and responsibilities  

SciTech Connect

An overview of the DOE nuclear weapons research, development, and testing program is given along with a description of the program objectives and the roles and responsibilities of the various involved organizations. The relationship between the DoD and DOE is described and the division of responsibilities for weapon development as well as the coordinated planning and acquisition activities are reviewed. Execution of the RD T program at the nuclear weapons laboratories is outlined. 24 refs., 3 figs.

Otey, G.R.

1989-07-01

142

Extended Objects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

After some disconnected comments on the MIT bag and string models for extended hadrons, I review current understanding of extended objects in classical conventional relativistic field theories and their quantum mechanical interpretation. (ERA citation 02:...

M. Creutz

1976-01-01

143

Fracturing of Polygonal Objects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents an approach for the fracture of polygonal objects. The technique was developed by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) for real-time display of munitions penetrating urban structures. A weapons effects model and exterior polygon cl...

A. M. Neiderer M. A. Thomas R. Pearson

1998-01-01

144

Summary Outline of ERDA Geosciences and Geoscience-Related Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Division of Biomedical and Environmental Research (DBER) supports long-range, basic geosciences research in those areas of the life sciences which are relevant to current or planned ERDA programs. A central objective of the DBER geosciences program is...

1976-01-01

145

Objective fronts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper addresses the long-standing problem of plotting atmospheric fronts objectively. A thermodynamic definition of a front is proposed. Time-independent diagnostic quantities are then devised according to this definition. These can be computed from any gridded dataset. Fronts are then plotted, without human intervention, by utilising standard graphics package facilities, such as contouring, to represent the diagnostics. The methodology includes applying threshold criteria to erase automatically fronts which are thermally weak. By tuning these criteria a good match with subjective fronts is obtained. In addition, the objective surface fronts very often coincide with troughs in surface pressure, implying that a thermodynamic definition is sufficient. The objective front-plotting is further developed to recognise split fronts, and ana- and kata-front characteristics. Many examples are presented; these illustrate how objective fronts are potentially a very powerful tool for both forecasting and research. At the Joint Centre for Mesoscale Meteorology plots and animations showing objective fronts have been produced on a daily basis for many months now.

Hewson, T. D.

1998-03-01

146

The lifestyle of our kids (LOOK) project: outline of methods.  

PubMed

This methods paper outlines the overall design of a community-based multidisciplinary longitudinal study with the intent to stimulate interest and communication from scientists and practitioners studying the role of physical activity in preventive medicine. In adults, lack of regular exercise is a major risk factor in the development of chronic degenerative diseases and is a major contributor to obesity, and now we have evidence that many of our children are not sufficiently active to prevent early symptoms of chronic disease. The lifestyle of our kids (LOOK) study investigates how early physical activity contributes to health and development, utilizing a longitudinal design and a cohort of eight hundred and thirty 7-8-year-old (grade 2) school children followed to age 11-12 years (grade 6), their average family income being very close to that of Australia. We will test two hypotheses, that (a) the quantity and quality of physical activity undertaken by primary school children will influence their psychological and physical health and development; (b) compared with existing practices in primary schools, a physical education program administered by visiting specialists will enhance health and development, and lead to a more positive perception of physical activity. To test the first hypothesis we will monitor all children longitudinally over the 4 years. To test the second we will involve an intervention group of 430 children who receive two 50min physical education classes every week from visiting specialists and a control group of 400 who continue with their usual primary school physical education with their class-room teachers. At the end of grades 2, 4, and 6 we will measure several areas of health and development including blood risk factors for chronic disease, cardiovascular structure and function, physical fitness, psychological characteristics and perceptions of physical activity, bone structure and strength, motor control, body composition, nutritional intake, influence of teachers and family, and academic performance. PMID:17928266

Telford, Richard D; Bass, Shona L; Budge, Marc M; Byrne, Donald G; Carlson, John S; Coles, David; Cunningham, Ross B; Daly, Robin M; Dunstan, David W; English, Rowena; Fitzgerald, Robert; Eser, Prisca; Gravenmaker, Karen J; Haynes, Wayne; Hickman, Peter E; Javaid, Ahmad; Jiang, Xiaoli; Lafferty, Tony; McGrath, Mark; Martin, Mary Kay; Naughton, Geraldine A; Potter, Julia M; Potter, Stacey J; Prosser, Laurence; Pyne, David B; Reynolds, Graham J; Saunders, Philo U; Seibel, Markus J; Shaw, Jonathan E; Southcott, Emma; Srikusalanukul, Wichat; Stuckey, Darryl; Telford, Rohan M; Thomas, Kerry; Tallis, Ken; Waring, Paul

2007-10-24

147

Health Care Financial Management: Curriculum Objectives and Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Curriculum objectives for health care financial management, a bibliography and examples of financial management curricula are presented. The outline of curriculum objectives identifies a core of knowledge and skills in financial management that health administration students might obtain in their academic training. The outline's content is…

Zelman, William N., Ed.; And Others

148

Objective functions.  

PubMed

Multiple sequence alignment involves alignment of more than two sequences and is an NP-complete problem. Therefore, heuristic algorithms that use different criteria to find an approximation to the optimal solution are employed. At the heart of these approaches lie the scoring and objective functions that a given algorithm uses to compare competing solutions in constructing a multiple sequence alignment. These objective functions are often motivated by the biological paradigms that govern functional similarities and evolutionary relations. Most existing approaches utilize a progressive process where the final alignment is constructed sequentially by adding new sequences into an existing multiple sequence alignment matrix, which is dynamically updated. In doing this, the core scoring function to assess accuracies of pairwise alignments generally remains the same, while the objective functions used in intermediary steps differ. Nevertheless, the overall assessment of the final multiple sequence alignment is generally calculated by an extension of pairwise scorings. In this chapter, we explore different scoring and objective functions used in calculating the accuracy and optimization of a multiple sequence alignment and provide utilization of these criteria in popularly used multiple sequence alignment algorithms. PMID:24170394

Do?an, Haluk; Otu, Hasan H

2014-01-01

149

Objectively Speaking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resources is a column on how to write learning objectives for a course and why they make everything you do thereafter (e.g. planning syllabi and class sessions, making up assignments and exams, and reviewing departmental curricula) easier and more effective. Target Audience: 2-4 Year College Faculty/Administrators

Felder, Richard M., 1939-; Brent, Rebecca, 1956-

2009-12-18

150

A Laboratory Program for Bioinorganic Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines a laboratory course entitled Inorganic Chemistry for Biological Sciences'' which is designed primarily for juniors in biochemistry, physiology, and soil sciences. Inclusion of relevant environmental topics is indicated. (CC)|

Ochiai, Ei-ichiro

1973-01-01

151

Digital Object Identifiers for scientific data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a system for identifying content objects in the digital environment. DOIs are names assigned to any entity for use on Internet digital networks. Scientific data sets may be identified by DOIs, and several efforts are now underway in this area. This paper outlines the underlying architecture of the DOI system, and two such efforts

Norman Paskin

2005-01-01

152

A Review of Object Individuation in Infancy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present review of object individuation in infancy is divided into five sections. The first section is a brief history of the field and an outline of the development of efficient methods for studying object individuation among infants. Sections 2 and 3 are structured around the empirical evidence obtained by using two different kinds of basic…

Krojgaard, Peter

2004-01-01

153

Chemical analysis in space exploration - A lunar-based chemical analysis laboratory (LBCAL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Issues that a well-designed LBCAL must address are examined, and an approach whereby appropriate constituencies can provide input to the design and construction processes is outlined. A ready-made cadre to pursue similar projects in support of human space travel is provided. Goals of an LBCAL are to: define the life sciences, planetary, and materials sciences research objectives of a manned lunar base; elucidate the scientific and analytical requirememnts of lunar-based laboratory instrumentation and sample packaging resources to achieve these objectives; review the current state-of-the-art instrumentation for the analytical requirements of the laboratory; and identify needed techniques and technologies for the laboratory, and improvise or fabricate or modify them to suit such a laboratory. Consideration is also given to measurement of astronaut stress, a dedicated clinical analyzer, exobiological research, lunar science, materials science, interdisciplinary science, and terrestrial benefits and spin-offs.

Hobish, Mitchell K.; Gehrke, Charles W.; Ponnamperuma, Cyril; Zumwalt, Robert W.

154

National plan of action for promoting breastfeeding: an outline.  

PubMed

The International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes came into existence in 1981. The Innocenti Declaration was signed in 1990 for protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding. A significant development took place with the enactment of "Infant Milk Substitutes, Infant Foods and Feeding Bottles Act 1992". The establishment of the Breastfeeding Promotion Network of India (BPNI) in 1991 led to several significant initiatives in partnership with Association for Consumers Action on Safety and Health (ACASH) and several other NGOs and professional associations. After 10 years of movement, a meeting of the key partners was thought of to review the ongoing initiative to protect, promote and support breastfeeding. In the meeting the partners discussed objectives, key issues, advocacy and policy development, training and capacity development, communication and social mobilisation, community action and intervention, monitoring, evaluation and research. It was hoped that this would provide the necessary impetus for concerted action to be taken by different partners at all levels to organise "baby friendly communities" a reality in India where young children's rights to breastfeeding for survival, growth and development would be fulfilled in partnership with families and communities. PMID:12675181

Gupta, Arun; Shrivastava, Deepika

2002-08-01

155

Potentially Hazardous Objects (PHO) Mitigation Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) and its partner, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), are prepared to develop, implement, and expand procedures to avert collisions of potentially hazardous objects (PHOs) with Earth as recommended by NASA in its White Paper "Near- Earth Object Survey and Deflection Analysis of Alternatives" requested by the US Congress and submitted to it in March 2007. In addition to developing the general mitigation program as outlined in the NASA White Paper, the program will be expanded to include aggressive mitigation procedures for small (e.g., Tunguska-sized) PHOs and other short warning-time PHOs such as some long-period comet nuclei. As a first step the program will concentrate on the most likely and critical cases, namely small objects and long-period comet nuclei with short warning-times, but without losing sight of objects with longer warning-times. Objects smaller than a few hundred meters are of interest because they are about 1000 times more abundant than kilometer-sized objects and are fainter and more difficult to detect, which may lead to short warning times and hence short reaction times. Yet, even these small PHOs can have devastating effects as the 30 June 1908, Tungaska event has shown. In addition, long-period comets, although relatively rare but large (sometimes tens of kilometers in size), cannot be predicted because of their long orbital periods. Comet C/1983 H1 (IRAS-Araki-Alcock), for example, has an orbital period of 963.22 years, was discovered 27 April 1983, and passed Earth only two weeks later, on 11 May 1983, at a distance of 0.0312 AU. Aggressive methods and continuous alertness will be needed to defend against objects with such short warning times. While intact deflection of a PHO remains a key objective, destruction of a PHO and dispersion of the pieces must also be considered. The effectiveness of several alternative methods including nuclear demolition munitions, conventional explosives, and hyper-velocity impacts will be investigated and compared. This comparison is important for technical as well as political reasons, both domestic and international. The long-range plan includes evaluation of technical readiness including launch capabilities, tests for effectiveness using materials simulating PHOs, and building and testing several modular systems appropriate for alternative applications depending on the type of PHO.

Huebner, Walter

156

Idaho National Laboratory 2013-2022 Ten-Year Site Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Ten-Year Site Plan (TYSP) describes the strategy for accomplishing the long-term objective of transforming the laboratory to meet Department of Energy (DOE) national nuclear research and development (R&D) goals, as outlined in DOE strategic plans. The plan links R&D mission goals and INL core capabilities with infrastructure requirements (single- and multi-program), establishs the 10-year end-state vision for INL complexes, and identifies and prioritizes infrastructure needs and capability gaps. The TYSP serves as the basis for documenting and justifying infrastructure investments proposed as part of the FY 2013 budget formulation process.

Calvin Ozaki; Sheryl L. Morton; Elizabeth A. Connell; William T. Buyers; Craig L. Jacobson; Charles T. Mullen; Christopher P. Ischay; Ernest L. Fossum; Robert D. Logan

2011-06-01

157

Laboratory Procedures for Medical Assistants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the manual is to provide the medical assisting student a text which presents the common laboratory procedures in use today in physician's offices. The procedures for performing a complete urinalysis are outlined, along with those for carrying out various hematological tests. Information is also presented to help the student learn…

Johnson, Pauline

158

The German infrared laboratory GIRL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design features, performance specifications, and intended missions of the German IR laboratory (GIRL) to be flown on the Spacelab payload carried by the Shuttle are outlined. The entire telescope and all focal plane instruments will be cooled to at or below 10 K. The 50 cm telescope will carry four focal plane instruments: a camera for mapping extended regions, a

D. Lemke

1982-01-01

159

Laboratory Procedures for Medical Assistants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the manual is to provide the medical assisting student a text which presents the common laboratory procedures in use today in physician's offices. The procedures for performing a complete urinalysis are outlined, along with those for carrying out various hematological tests. Information is also presented to help the student learn to…

Johnson, Pauline

160

Safety in the Chemical Laboratory: Flood Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes events leading to a flood in the Wehr Chemistry Laboratory at Marquette University, discussing steps taken to minimize damage upon discovery. Analyzes the problem of flooding in the chemical laboratory and outlines seven steps of flood control: prevention; minimization; early detection; stopping the flood; evaluation; clean-up; and…

Pollard, Bruce D.

1983-01-01

161

A Laboratory Course in Technological Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a laboratory course taught at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (United Kingdom) which focuses on the preparation, properties, and applications of end-use products of the chemical industry. Outlines laboratory experiments on dyes, fibers, herbicides, performance testing, antioxidants, and surface active…

Wiseman, P.

1986-01-01

162

Text-Comprehension Strategies Based on Outlines: Immediate and Long-Term Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College students were given a topically relevant or irrelevant outline and asked to generate propositions about the topics by drawing on existing knowledge prior to studying an instructional text. Results of conceptual clustering analyses suggest that organization was one of the mechanisms by which topical outlines increased meaningful text…

Glynn, Shawn M.; And Others

1985-01-01

163

A historical outline of matrix structural analysis: a play in three acts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evolution of matrix structural analysis (MSA) from 1930 through 1970 is outlined. Highlighted are major contributions by Collar and Duncan, Argyris, and Turner, which shaped this evolution. To enliven the narrative the outline is configured as a three-act play. Act I describes the pre-WWII formative period. Act II spans a period of confusion during which matrix methods assumed bewildering

C. A. Felippa

2001-01-01

164

Importance of elliptic Fourier methods for morphometry of complex outlines: application to the distal human femur  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The purpose of this technical note is to present an automatic procedure of shape characterisation using new developments in elliptical Fourier methods combined with image analysis techniques. It was applied, as an example, to the outline of the distal extremity of the distal human femur in inferior axial view. This outline was automatically extracted and characterised by an ordered

J. M. Le Minor; M. Schmittbuhl

2000-01-01

165

Importance of elliptic fourier methods for morphometry of complex outlines: application to the distal human femur  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The purpose of this technical note is to present an automatic procedure of shape characterisation using new developments in elliptical Fourier methods combined with image analysis techniques. It was applied, as an example, to the outline of the distal extremity of the distal human femur in inferior axial view. This outline was automatically extracted and characterised by an ordered

J. M. Le Minor; M. Schmittbuhl

1999-01-01

166

26 CFR 1.883-0T - Outline of major topics (temporary).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Outline of major topics (temporary). 1.883-0T Section 1.883-0T Internal...TAXES Foreign Corporations § 1.883-0T Outline of major topics (temporary). This section lists the major paragraphs...

2009-04-01

167

Animal Science Technology. An Experimental Developmental Program. Volume II, Curriculum Course Outlines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume, the second of a two part evaluation report, is devoted exclusively to the presentation of detailed course outlines representing an Animal Science Technology curriculum. Arranged in 6 terms of study (2 academic years), outlines are included on such topics as: (1) Introductory Animal Science, (2) General Microbiology, (3) Zoonoses, (4)…

Brant, Herman G.

168

The research on graphic outline capturing algorithm based on coloured embroidery pattern of HIS space  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computerized embroidery needs outline capturing of color images and stitch filling. Embroidery machines can make stitch filling according to color blocks in different areas. Considering the character of stitching of embroidery machines and referring to color image morphology, this thesis puts forward multi-scale graphic outline capturing algorithm based on color embroidery pattern of HIS space. And a variety of edge

Fan Xiujuan; Hu Shaolin

2011-01-01

169

Biochemistry in the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 Content Outline: Organ Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the Organ Systems part of the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 Content Outline for its biochemical components. The General Principles part of the Content Outline of the examination does not match the basic science teaching in medical schools with organ system curricula. Suggests a place where the basic principles in…

Saffran, Murray

1997-01-01

170

Laboratory Equipment in Japan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The specific objectives of the study were to analyze the potential markets and marketing factors in this country for precision, high-speed laboratory equipment with particular reference to marketing opportunities for American products. The report is the s...

1966-01-01

171

Computer Integrated Laboratory Testing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective is the integration of computers into the Engineering Materials Science Laboratory course, where existing test equipment is not computerized. The first lab procedure is to demonstrate and produce a material phase change curve. The second proc...

C. C. Dahl

1992-01-01

172

Laboratory Needs for Interstellar Ice Studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A large fraction of the molecules in dense interstellar and circumstellar environments is stored in icy grain mantles. The mantles are formed by a complex interplay between chemical and physical processes. Key questions on the accretion and desorption processes and the chemistry on the grain surfaces and within the icy mantles can only be answered by laboratory experiments. Recent infrared (2-30 micron) spectroscopic surveys of large samples of Young Stellar Objects (YSOs) and background stars tracing quiescent cloud material have shown that the ice band profiles and depths vary considerably as a function of environment. Using laboratory spectra in the identification process, it is clear that a rather complex mixture of simple species (CH3OH, CO2, H2O, CO) exists even in the quiescent cloud phase. Variations of the local physical conditions (CO freeze out) and time scales (CH3OH formation) appear to be key factors in the observed variations. Sublimation and thermal processing dominate as YSOs heat their environments. The identification of several ice absorption features is still disputed. I will outline laboratory work (e.g., on salts, PAHs, and aliphatic hydrocarbons) needed to further constrain the ice band identification as well as the thermal and chemical history of the carriers. Such experiments will also be essential to interpret future high spectral resolution SOFIA and JWST observations.

Boogert, Abraham C. A.

2012-05-01

173

Symbolic comparisons of objects on color attributes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigated symbolic comparisons of object brightness and color in 2 experiments using words and outline drawings as stimuli. 87 college students participated. Both experiments yielded orderly symbolic distance effects. Contrary to prediction, no reliable picture advantages emerged. For color comparison, individual differences in word fluency and color memory predicted decision time with word stimuli. These results contrast sharply with those

Allan Paivio; John te Linde

1980-01-01

174

An Architecture for Digital Object Typing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though the Internet provides a powerful platform for distributed access to data, current standards fail to encompass management of complex information. The ability to mediate between heterogeneous infor- mation formats is a key foundation on which more powerful information systems can be built. This pa- per outlines our eorts in creating a digital object architecture that facilitates the management of

Christophe Blanchi; Jason Petrone

175

Technology Systems. Laboratory Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide contains 43 modules of laboratory activities for technology education courses. Each module includes an instructor's resource sheet and the student laboratory activity. Instructor's resource sheets include some or all of the following elements: module number, course title, activity topic, estimated time, essential elements, objectives,…

Brame, Ray; And Others

176

Argonne National Laboratory institutional plan FY 2001--FY 2006.  

SciTech Connect

This Institutional Plan describes what Argonne management regards as the optimal future development of Laboratory activities. The document outlines the development of both research programs and support operations in the context of the nation's R and D priorities, the missions of the Department of Energy (DOE) and Argonne, and expected resource constraints. The Draft Institutional Plan is the product of many discussions between DOE and Argonne program managers, and it also reflects programmatic priorities developed during Argonne's summer strategic planning process. That process serves additionally to identify new areas of strategic value to DOE and Argonne, to which Laboratory Directed Research and Development funds may be applied. The Draft Plan is provided to the Department before Argonne's On-Site Review. Issuance of the final Institutional Plan in the fall, after further comment and discussion, marks the culmination of the Laboratory's annual planning cycle. Chapter II of this Institutional Plan describes Argonne's missions and roles within the DOE laboratory system, its underlying core competencies in science and technology, and six broad planning objectives whose achievement is considered critical to the future of the Laboratory. Chapter III presents the Laboratory's ''Science and Technology Strategic Plan,'' which summarizes key features of the external environment, presents Argonne's vision, and describes how Argonne's strategic goals and objectives support DOE's four business lines. The balance of Chapter III comprises strategic plans for 23 areas of science and technology at Argonne, grouped according to the four DOE business lines. The Laboratory's 14 major initiatives, presented in Chapter IV, propose important advances in key areas of fundamental science and technology development. The ''Operations and Infrastructure Strategic Plan'' in Chapter V includes strategic plans for human resources; environmental protection, safety, and health; site and facilities; security, export control, and counterintelligence; information management; communications, outreach, and community affairs; performance-based management; and productivity improvement and overhead cost reduction. Finally, Chapter VI provides resource projections that are a reasonable baseline for planning the Laboratory's future.

Beggs, S.D.

2000-12-07

177

Laboratory Simulations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geophysical properties of near-Earth objects (NEOs) can best be studied using radio tomography and seismology. Reflection and transmission radio tomography is best suited for measuring the complex electric permittivity of poorly conducting materials to reveal the internal structure of NEOs. Such NEOs are primarily comet nuclei and carbonaceous asteroids. Seismic experiments are most suitable for studying elastic properties of consolidated materials to reveal material strengths of stony and iron-nickel asteroids. Thus, the two methods are complementary for investigating comets and asteroids of all types. Analysis of reflection and transmission radio tomography of heterogeneous irregular shaped bodies is very difficult. Scattering by internal and outer boundaries, differences in the refractive indices of heterogeneous materials, and attenuation by electric conductivity complicate the analyses. For this reason laboratory simulations with scaled objects and scaled wavelengths is extremely useful to check the reliability of inversion techniques of radio signals to arrive at the interior structure of an NEO. Another approach to obtaining quantitative information on the composition and structure of an NEO is through induced seismology. There are two approaches to producing seismic waves: small explosive charges and impactors. Experimental work has been performed in the laboratory to examine the impulse delivered by explosives. Wave travel times can be used to back out basic material properties and first order structure of an NEO. For example, if distinct arrival pulses for P and S waves are recorded and the explosive initiation/impact time and location are known, then it is possible to determine the elastic properties of bulk and shear modulus. Reflections in the seismograms allow a determination of material boundaries in an NEO. Original arrival time is important since Q numbers for stony NEO material are presumed to be high, as they were on the Moon, and thus it is expected that there will be extensive ringing and noise. Other types of NEO materials will have differing seismic characteristics.

Huebner, W. F.; Walker, J.; Gustafson, B.

178

Consumer Economics and Law: An Outline of Content for an Elective Course in Grades 9-12 Social Studies. An Instructional Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The pamphlet offers unit-by-unit outlines for a high school course in consumer economics. The 20 objectives of the course stress ability to: assess the proper use of human and material resources, understand the consumer's role in the market system, distinguish the difference between needs and wants, recognize the efficacy of interacting with…

Los Angeles City Schools, CA. Div. of Instructional Planning and Services.

179

Analysis in Outline of Mam, a Mayan Language. Working Paper of the Language Behavior Research Laboratory, No. 25.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary goal of the present study is an exposition of the structure of Mam, a Mayan language of the Mamean group. Mam is the most widely spoken of the four Mamean languages, and has been roughly estimated to have a quarter million speakers located in the departments of Huehuetenango and San Marcos in Guatemala and in the state of Chiapas in…

Canger, Una R.

180

Infants' knowledge of objects: beyond object files and object tracking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two independent research communities have produced large bodies of data concerning object representations: the community concerned with the infant's object concept and the community concerned with adult object-based attention. We marshal evidence in support of the hypothesis that both communities have been studying the same natural kind. The discov- ery that the object representations of young infants are the same

Susan Carey; Fei Xu

181

The philosopher in the health care setting: objections and replies.  

PubMed

This article presents a series of objections against having philosophers in the health care setting and rebuttals to these objections. These objections occur often enough to deal with them as characteristic criticisms. The rebuttals outline and advocate the positive--yet limited--function of the philosopher's presence in health care. PMID:10121793

Melley, C D

1992-01-01

182

Guideline Sentencing: An Outline of Appellate Case Law on Selected Issues.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This outline identifes significant developments in federal appellate court decisions on the Sentencing Guidelines and the 1984 Sentencing Reform Act, as amended. It is based largely on cases that have been summarized in Guideline Sentencing Update. The ou...

J. Wood

2000-01-01

183

Guideline Sentencing: An Outline of Appellate Case Law on Selected Issues. September 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This outline identifes significant developments in federal appellate court decisions on the Sentencing Guidelines and the 1984 Sentencing Reform Act, as amended. It is based largely on cases that have been summarized in Guideline Sentencing Update. The ou...

J. Wood

2002-01-01

184

Annotated outlines for documents required by FFA and CERCLA for Oak Ridge Reservation sites.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The annotated outlines approved by the Document Content and Response Committee (DCRC) and issued in ''Revision O'' of this document include those for preliminary assessments/site inspections, remedial investigation (RI) work plans, RI reports, feasibility...

1992-01-01

185

26 CFR 1.860A-0 - Outline of REMIC provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Estate Investment Trusts § 1.860A-0 Outline of REMIC provisions. This...for reasonable belief. (iii) Later discovery that an obligation is not principally...obligation defined. (2) Effect of discovery of defect. (g) Permitted...

2010-04-01

186

26 CFR 1.860A-0 - Outline of REMIC provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Estate Investment Trusts § 1.860A-0 Outline of REMIC provisions. This...for reasonable belief. (iii) Later discovery that an obligation is not principally...obligation defined. (2) Effect of discovery of defect. (g) Permitted...

2009-04-01

187

An Outline of How To Plan a Workshop. Second, Revised Edition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a guide in outline form to assist practitioners in the planning, conduct, and evaluation of library workshops. Workshop planning groups are described and suggestions for membership are provided. Program planning includes needs assessment, preparat...

A. Powers A. Roughton

1979-01-01

188

7 CFR Exhibit D to Subpart N of... - Project Selection Criteria-Outline Rating Form  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Criteria-Outline Rating Form D Exhibit D to Subpart N of Part 1944 Agriculture Regulations of the Department... Housing Preservation Grants Pt. 1944, Subpt. N, Exh. D Exhibit D to Subpart N of Part 1944âProject Selection...

2013-01-01

189

Revitalizing chemistry laboratory instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation involves research in three major domains of chemical education as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Ph.D. program in chemistry at Miami University with a major emphasis on chemical education, and concurrent study in organic chemistry. Unit I, Development and Assessment of a Column Chromatography Laboratory Activity, addresses the domain of Instructional Materials Development and Testing. This unit outlines the process of developing a publishable laboratory activity, testing and revising that activity, and subsequently sharing that activity with the chemical education community. A laboratory activity focusing on the separation of methylene blue and sodium fluorescein was developed to demonstrate the effects of both the stationary and mobile phase in conducting a separation. Unit II, Bringing Industry to the Laboratory, addresses the domain of Curriculum Development and Testing. This unit outlines the development of the Chemistry of Copper Mining module, which is intended for use in high school or undergraduate college chemistry. The module uses the learning cycle approach to present the chemistry of the industrial processes of mining copper to the students. The module includes thirteen investigations (three of which are web-based and ten which are laboratory experiments) and an accompanying interactive CD-ROM, which provides an explanation of the chemistry used in copper mining with a virtual tour of an operational copper mine. Unit III, An Alternative Method of Teaching Chemistry. Integrating Lecture and the Laboratory, is a project that addresses the domain of Research in Student Learning. Fundamental Chemistry was taught at Eastern Arizona College as an integrated lecture/laboratory course that met in two-hour blocks on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. The students taking this integrated course were compared with students taking the traditional 1-hour lectures held on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, with accompanying 3-hour lab on Tuesday or Thursday. There were 119 students in the test group, 522 students in the Shelton control group and 556 students in the McBride control group. Both qualitative data and quantitative data were collected. A t-test was used to test significance.

McBride, Phil Blake

190

Laboratory services in hospitals and regional laboratories in Ethiopia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Laboratory service facility in health institutions in Ethiopia of is very weak and limited. This can be explained by lack of properly designed laboratory rooms, shortage of equipment and supplies, poor maintenance system and lack of close follow-up and supervision. Objective: To assess the laboratory service at a Hospital and Regional levels, and to come up with some recommendations

Belete Tegbaru; Hailu Meless; Afework Kassu; Desalegn Tesema; Negussie Gezahegn; Wegene Tamene; Hiwot Birhanu; Tsehaynesh Messele

191

A Microcomputer Laboratory Management System for an Office Laboratory  

PubMed Central

This paper presents a description of a laboratory management system which is designed to be used in a university-based Family Practice office laboratory. The system was developed using a commercially available database management system, Knowledgeman. The general design of the system is outlined and the advantages of flexibility and power which accompany the development of an application using a relational database management system are emphasized along with the need to carefully consider the overall system when selecting an approach for developing a particular element of the information system.

Skinner, Bron D.; Addison, Lois

1988-01-01

192

Considerations in the Design and Development of a Human Computer Interaction Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The author outlines the design and development of a Human Computer Interaction Laboratory; discusses preparatory system design stages; defines operational requirements; identifies laboratory functions; addresses architectural and environmental features (s...

L. B. Achille

1990-01-01

193

Activities of the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) Laboratories Vienna. Annual Report - 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report outlines the activities of the laboratory of the International Atomic Energy Agency at Seibersdorf in the province of Lower Austria. The report covers the following sections of the laboratory: chemistry, medical applications, dosimetry, soil sc...

C. B. G. Taylor

1982-01-01

194

MEDICAL LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM AT KING FAISAL UNIVERSITY: A 10-YEAR EXPERIENCE  

PubMed Central

This paper documents the evolution of the Medical Laboratory Technology (MLT) program established in 1989 (1408/1409 H) at the College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, King Faisal University. The rationale, objectives, the general outline of the program as well as methods of instruction and evaluation are discussed. The internship period and future plans are also addressed. Two hundred and seventy (270) students had been enrolled in the program since its inception until September 2000. Ten batches (138 graduates) have already successfully graduated. One hundred and fifteen (83.3%) graduated technologists are employed in the different health sectors and educational institutions in the Kingdom.

Bashawri, Layla A.M.; Ahmed, Mirghani A.M.; Al-Mulhim, Abdulaziz A.; Awari, Basam H.

2002-01-01

195

Multi-scale Gaussian representation and outline-learning based cell image segmentation  

PubMed Central

Background High-throughput genome-wide screening to study gene-specific functions, e.g. for drug discovery, demands fast automated image analysis methods to assist in unraveling the full potential of such studies. Image segmentation is typically at the forefront of such analysis as the performance of the subsequent steps, for example, cell classification, cell tracking etc., often relies on the results of segmentation. Methods We present a cell cytoplasm segmentation framework which first separates cell cytoplasm from image background using novel approach of image enhancement and coefficient of variation of multi-scale Gaussian scale-space representation. A novel outline-learning based classification method is developed using regularized logistic regression with embedded feature selection which classifies image pixels as outline/non-outline to give cytoplasm outlines. Refinement of the detected outlines to separate cells from each other is performed in a post-processing step where the nuclei segmentation is used as contextual information. Results and conclusions We evaluate the proposed segmentation methodology using two challenging test cases, presenting images with completely different characteristics, with cells of varying size, shape, texture and degrees of overlap. The feature selection and classification framework for outline detection produces very simple sparse models which use only a small subset of the large, generic feature set, that is, only 7 and 5 features for the two cases. Quantitative comparison of the results for the two test cases against state-of-the-art methods show that our methodology outperforms them with an increase of 4-9% in segmentation accuracy with maximum accuracy of 93%. Finally, the results obtained for diverse datasets demonstrate that our framework not only produces accurate segmentation but also generalizes well to different segmentation tasks.

2013-01-01

196

FBIS report. Science and technology. Japan: Results and outline of Japan Power Demonstration Reactor Dismantling Demonstration Project, February 10, 1997  

SciTech Connect

;Contents: (1) Introduction; (2) JPDR Outline; (3) Outline of Nuclear Reactor Dismantling Technology Development; (4) JPDR Dismantling Demonstration; (5) Future Outlook for Development of Dismantling Technology; (6) International Cooperation; and (7) Conclusion.

NONE

1997-02-10

197

Standardization in the Handling and Evaluation of Objective Examinations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to requests for standardization on testing and grading, a pilot program for the administration and evaluation of objective examinations was instituted. Outlined are objectives, initial test item collection, procedural flow for examinations, faculty responsibilities, support staff responsibilities, and project coordinator services. (LBH)

Sass, M. Burke

1978-01-01

198

Objective Force Disciplines: Making Army Transformation a Reality.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph explores the validity of current United States Army Doctrine as it relates to enabling the future United States Army Objective Force in achieving the qualities outlined in the 2001 Objective Force White Paper as the Army begins its 'transfo...

J. M. Scott

2002-01-01

199

A Proposal for an International Standard Object Number.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses extand paradigms (ISBN, ISSN, ISMN, and the emerging ISAN). Models a procedure for assigning ISONs (International Standard Object Number) to objects and their surrogates. Describes resources requisite to the construction of the ISON, and outlines the necessarily cooperative work ahead if an ISON is to become a standard for visual…

Austin, David

1999-01-01

200

Auto Body Welding 1 (Course Outline), Automotive Body Repair and Refinishing 1: 9033.03.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 90-hour course is a foundation quinmester course in welding for the auto body repairman. The outline consists of three blocks of instruction (orientation, 6 hours; oxyacetylene welding equipment, 10 hours; and auto body oxyacetylene welding, 74 hours), each of which is subdivided into several units listing student competencies. Instruction…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

201

Developing Landscape Historical Ecologies in Eastern Africa: An Outline of Current Research and Potential Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of ‘landscape historical ecology’ has been adopted by many researchers across the spectrum of earth sciences, social sciences and humanities in recent decades as a means of offering both conceptual and practical tools for joining very different kinds of information into an assessment of human-environment interaction. The aims of this article are to outline the analytical potential of

2010-01-01

202

An Outline on Psychotropic Drug Use in the Developmentally Disabled Patient. Monograph #102.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introduction to basic principles of psychotropic drug use in developmentally disabled patients is intended to provide personnel working in the field with information on appropriate clinical use as well as potential risks. Presented in outline form, information is provided on five classes of psychotropic drugs: antipsychotics; antidepressants;…

Vander Zanden, Jeanne A.

203

Massively Multiplayer Online Games as an Educational Technology: An Outline for Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For those with a vested interest in online technologies for learning, the knowledge and skills that constitute successful participation in massively multiplayer online games (MMOs) places these games squarely among the most promising new digital technologies to date. In this article, the author broadly outlines the qualitative results of a two and…

Steinkuehler, Constance

2008-01-01

204

A Course in Administration for Managers of Information Services: Design, Implementation and Topical Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A topical outline for courses in administration for managers of information services, and a set of guidelines for designing and implementing these courses are included in this manual for those responsible for planning, developing, and offering management training programs. Key elements in presenting and developing management skills of information…

Wasserman, Paul; Rizzo, John R.

205

Mental Retardation in a Canadian Province: Report No. 7, Preliminary Outline of Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The seventh in a series of eight reports on mental retardation in a Canadian province provided basic psychometric, social and conceptual maturity data of the study and outlined preliminary analytical tables designed to validate research questions. The report was explained to represent a transition from theoretical discussion of mental retardation…

Portal-Foster, C. W.

206

Outline of the Therapeutic Process in Social Skills Training with Socially Dysfunctional Patients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the therapeutic process in social skills training with 22 socially dysfunctional outpatients who met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for avoidant personality disorder. Measured performance of prosocial target behaviors and associated subjective anxiety during baseline, treatment, and follow-up periods.…

Stravynski, Ariel; And Others

1987-01-01

207

Mandibular shape in the genus Marmota (Rodentia, Sciuridae): A preliminary analysis using outlines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marmots are of prominent interest for sociobiologists studying mammal societies. They are also a fascinating group on which to test congruence between morphological information and molecular phylogeny and the possible occurrence of homoplasy in the evolution of the sciurid skeleton. To investigate marmot morphological relationships, an analysis of the outlines of the posterior region of the marmot mandible was performed

Andrea Cardini; Dennis E. Slice

2004-01-01

208

Importance of elliptic Fourier methods for morphometry of complex outlines: application to the distal human femur.  

PubMed

The purpose of this technical note is to present an automatic procedure of shape characterisation using new developments in elliptical Fourier methods combined with image analysis techniques. It was applied, as an example, to the outline of the distal extremity of the distal human femur in inferior axial view. This outline was automatically extracted and characterised by an ordered series of harmonics, each harmonic being described by four new parameters called elliptical descriptors. Step by step reconstructions of outlines using an increasing number of harmonics were than performed. The simultaneous study of the elliptic descriptors and of the step by step reconstructions allowed a considerably easier geometric and morphologic interpretation of the harmonic contributions than classically. The main morphologic features of the distal femur (lateral and medial condyles, intercondylar fossa, lateral and medial borders of the articular surface, and patellar groove) were mainly described by the first seven harmonics. These new developments in elliptic Fourier methods open interesting perspectives for the study of complex outlines, providing an accurate individual morphologic characterisation, and thus the possibility of polymorphic analysis. PMID:10678732

Le Minor, J M; Schmittbuhl, M

1999-01-01

209

Elliptical Descriptors: Some Simplified Morphometric Parameters for the Quantification of Complex Outlines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among morphometric methods, a method called Elliptical Fourier Analysis, has been developed to decompose complex outlines into Fourier series. This elliptical Fourier formulation has been rarely applied to date, which is probably explainable because of the mathematical complexity and the difficulty of translating the Fourier coefficients into simple geometrical concepts. Utilizing elliptical analysis, a simplified geometrical approach to the Fourier

Matthieu Schmittbuhl; Bernard Allenbach; Jean-Marie Le Minor; André Schaaf

2003-01-01

210

Telemarketing. Curriculum Guides and Content Outlines for Telemarketing: Entry-Level Position.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide and content outline for the telemarketing entry-level position contains seven sections: (1) specialized telemarketing tasks; (2) telemarketing selling skills; (3) marketing tasks; (4) business-related tasks; (5) business-specific tasks; (6) personnel/human resources-related tasks; and (7) communications and minimum skill…

Shepard, Del

211

Outline of a knowledge base model for an intelligent information retrieval system  

Microsoft Academic Search

We attempt in this paper to outline a method for the automatic construction of a knowledge base. We propose some methods and a domain knowledge model. A new idea is to conceive a system that is able to each phase of its construction to acquire domain knowledge from all new information that it is building, in particular the indexing terms;

Marie-France Bruandet

1987-01-01

212

A Descriptive Outline for an Advertising History Course in Seminar Format.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Advertising history is often treated within the context of journalism or mass communication history. The outline of a seminar course in advertising history presented in this paper offers an approach that discusses the social, cultural, and philosophical roots of advertising as well as the institution as it is known today. The focus of the course…

Pennington, Robert

213

Effective Source-to-Source Outlining to Support Whole Program Empirical Optimization  

SciTech Connect

Although automated empirical performance optimization and tuning is well-studied for kernels and domain-specific libraries, a current research grand challenge is how to extend these methodologies and tools to significantly larger sequential and parallel applications. In this context, we present the ROSE source-to-source outliner, which addresses the problem of extracting tunable kernels out of whole programs, thereby helping to convert the challenging whole-program tuning problem into a set of more manageable kernel tuning tasks. Our outliner aims to handle large scale C/C++, Fortran and OpenMP applications. A set of program analysis and transformation techniques are utilized to enhance the portability, scalability, and interoperability of source-to-source outlining. More importantly, the generated kernels preserve performance characteristics of tuning targets and can be easily handled by other tools. Preliminary evaluations have shown that the ROSE outliner serves as a key component within an end-to-end empirical optimization system and enables a wide range of sequential and parallel optimization opportunities.

Liao, C; Quinlan, D J; Vuduc, R; Panas, T

2009-07-17

214

Natural Gas Compression Technician: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 5311.1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The graduate of the Natural Gas Compression Technician apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to install, commission, maintain and repair equipment used to gather store and transmit natural gas. Advanced Education and Technology has prepared this course outline in partnership with the Natural Gas Compression…

Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2011

2011-01-01

215

Underload and Overload in Working Life: Outline of a Multidisciplinary Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

A research project is outlined in which concepts and methods from social psychology and psychophysiology are integrated in the study of human adaptation to underload and overload related to technically advanced work processes. Attempts are made to identify aversive factors in the work process by studying acute stress reactions, e.g., catecholamine excretion, in the course of work and relating these

Marianne Frankenhaeuser; Bertil Gardell

1976-01-01

216

Auto Body Welding 2 (Course Outline), Automotive Body Repair and Refinishing 1: 9033.04.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 90-hour course is a foundation quinmester course in welding for the auto body repairman. The outline consists of seven blocks of instruction (orientation, 6 hours; auto body oxyacetylene welding, 10 hours; electric arc welding equipment, 6 hours; auto body electric arc welding, 8 hours; position welding, 40 hours; electric spot welders, 16…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

217

Recognition and JusticeOutline of a Plural Theory of Justice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, Axel Honneth outlines a plural theory of justice. In developing his argument he takes his departure not in the classic elimination of ‘inequality’, but in the avoidance of ‘humiliation’ or ‘disrespect’. He is convinced that an appropriate point of departure for a recognition-theoretical conception of justice must show that the experience of social injustice is always measured

Axel Honneth

2004-01-01

218

A Survival Guide for New Faculty Members: Outlining the Keys to Success for Promotion and Tenure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "Survival Guide for New Faculty Members: Outlining the Keys to Success for Promotion and Tenure" provides new faculty members with practical, down-to-earth wisdom and suggestions for successfully working through to tenure and promotion. The authors--both successful and experienced administrators and experts in higher education--have provided…

Bakken, Jeffrey P.; Simpson, Cynthia G.

2011-01-01

219

A Changing Focus in Evaluation: Linking Process and Outline: ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Career counselors continually evaluate their work. Unfortunately, the evidence used to gauge success often is usually not considered valuative, is not documented, and cannot be used to back up claims of successful counseling. This digest outlines a new approach to evaluation. Since client-need determines counseling intervention, evaluation models…

Hiebert, Bryan

220

Care of the Nails (Course Outline) Cosmetology 2: 9207.01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An outline of the materials, equipment, and implements used for manicuring and pedicuring is presented in this course program. A guide to the services in the cosmetology field is laid out in a number of time blocks which cover: the Fingernails (3 hours), Manicure Supplies (2 hours), Manicure Techniques (20 hours), Pedicuring (5 hours), Basic…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

221

Future Trends Program: Course Outline. (Appendix II, Futurizing the Power Industry.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consultants hired by a power company in the Central United States cooperated with employees to design a unique nine-month program called "Future Trends." The course, stressing the traits of man which enable him to adapt to the future, is outlined in this appendix. The course is divided into a preview and eight topic segments. A short description…

Harkins, Arthur M.; And Others

222

Massively Multiplayer Online Games as an Educational Technology: An Outline for Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For those with a vested interest in online technologies for learning, the knowledge and skills that constitute successful participation in massively multiplayer online games (MMOs) places these games squarely among the most promising new digital technologies to date. In this article, the author broadly outlines the qualitative results of a two…

Steinkuehler, Constance

2008-01-01

223

Proposed outline of safety analysis report for facilities for geologic isolation of radioactive wastes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report is concerned with formulating the appropriate and necessary contents for a Safety Analysis Report (SAR) for safe, long-term radioactive waste isolation in federal repositories. The material is presented as a guide rather than as an outline of a SAR. Site characteristics, design criteria, facility design, operational systems and components, radiation protection and operational safety, long-term waste isolation, conduct

L. W. Weisbecker; L. L. Gerchman; B. R. Holt; S. J. Mara; S. L. McHugh; H. M. Taylor; J. E. Van Zandt; D. R. Zoellner

1977-01-01

224

Proposed Outline of Safety Analysis Report for Facilities for Geologic Isolation of Radioactive Wastes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is concerned with formulating the appropriate and necessary contents for a Safety Analysis Report (SAR) for safe, long-term radioactive waste isolation in federal repositories. The material is presented as a guide rather than as an outline of ...

L. W. Weisbecker L. L. Gerchman B. R. Holt S. J. Mara S. L. McHugh

1977-01-01

225

Aircraft Fuel, Hydraulic and Pneumatic Systems (Course Outlines), Aviation Mechanics 3 (Air Frame): 9067.01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents an outline for a 135-hour course designed to familiarize the student with the operation, inspection, and repair of aircraft fuel, hydraulic, and pneumatic systems. It is designed to help the trainee master the knowledge and skills necessary to become an aviation airframe mechanic. The aviation airframe maintenance…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

226

An Outline on Psychotropic Drug Use in the Developmentally Disabled Patient. Monograph #102.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This introduction to basic principles of psychotropic drug use in developmentally disabled patients is intended to provide personnel working in the field with information on appropriate clinical use as well as potential risks. Presented in outline form, information is provided on five classes of psychotropic drugs: antipsychotics;…

Vander Zanden, Jeanne A.

227

Digitizer Guided Control System to Complicated Outline Steel Pipes in Cold Rolling Mill  

Microsoft Academic Search

A digitizer guided manual\\/automatic control system of cold rolling mill was designed in order to realize the cold rolling of seamless steel pipes with complicated outline. The system has the functions of local real-time monitoring and remote supervision. The operating principle and the structure of the control system were introduced. The digitizer and G code were used to program and

Bo You; Dong-Jie Li; Ning-Bo Chen; Jia-Zhong Xu

2006-01-01

228

Object locating system  

DOEpatents

A sensing system locates an object by sensing the object`s effect on electric fields. The object`s effect on the mutual capacitance of electrode pairs varies according to the distance between the object and the electrodes. A single electrode pair can sense the distance from the object to the electrodes. Multiple electrode pairs can more precisely locate the object in one or more dimensions. 12 figs.

Novak, J.L.; Petterson, B.

1998-06-09

229

A Laboratory Exercise to Assess Transpiration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Procedures are outlined for a laboratory exercise in which students use a gravimetric method to determine the rate of transpiration in sunflower seedlings. Discusses the data in terms of the effectiveness of stomatal openings, mechanisms for water movement in plants, and the role of transpiration in the environment. (DC)

Schrock, Gould F.

1982-01-01

230

Laboratory cost control and financial management software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economical constraints within the health care system advocate the introduction of tighter control of costs in clinical laboratories. Detailed cost information forms the basis for cost control and financial management. Based on the cost information, proper decisions regarding priorities, procedure choices, personnel policies and investments can be made. This presentation outlines some principles of cost analysis, describes common limitations of

Michael Mayer

1998-01-01

231

A Laboratory for Public Scholarship and Democracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The founder of Penn State's Laboratory for Public Scholarship and Democracy and chair of Penn State's Public Scholarship Associates establishes public scholarship's connections with democracy by distinguishing public scholarship from service, outlining a curriculum of consequence, and suggesting the constitutional roots of public scholarship.|

Cohen, Jeremy

2006-01-01

232

A practical plan for implementing investigative laboratories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource outlines methods developed to promote investigative instead of demonstrative laboratory exercises as means of teaching concepts and introducing students to the scientific process. Students are guided through a variety of modular studies from which they can then formulate and test their own hypotheses.

Jean L. Dickey, Robert J. Kosinski (Clemson University;)

1991-01-01

233

A Laboratory Exercise to Assess Transpiration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Procedures are outlined for a laboratory exercise in which students use a gravimetric method to determine the rate of transpiration in sunflower seedlings. Discusses the data in terms of the effectiveness of stomatal openings, mechanisms for water movement in plants, and the role of transpiration in the environment. (DC)|

Schrock, Gould F.

1982-01-01

234

The National Storage Laboratory: Overview and status  

SciTech Connect

The National Storage Laboratory (NSL) was organized to investigate, demonstrate, and commercialize high-performance hardware and software storage technologies that promise to remove network computing bottlenecks and provide critically needed new storage systems functionality. This paper briefly outlines the goals, collaboration and current status of the NSL.

Watson, R.W.; Coyne, R.

1994-01-19

235

Laboratory and Astrophysical Radiation Hydrodynamics : An Introduction  

SciTech Connect

In this talk, the author discusses some aspects of radiation-material interactions that can produce radiation from a violently moving fluid, or, reciprocally, can result in macroscopic motion in fluids which are subject to intense radiation fields. The author also outlines some similarities and contrasts between 'laboratory' and astrophysical phenomena in which radiation hydrodynamics plays an important role.

Mihalas, Dimitri,

2002-01-01

236

Potentially Hazardous Objects (PHO) Mitigation Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) and its partner, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), are prepared to develop, implement, and expand procedures to avert collisions of potentially hazardous objects (PHOs) with Earth as recommended by NASA in its White Paper \\

Walter Huebner

2008-01-01

237

Paleomagnetics Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this website, the California Institute of Technology's Paleomagnetics Laboratory promotes its research of weakly magnetic geologic and biological materials. Users can learn about the facilities such as the biomagnetics lab and the automatic sampler. The website features the laboratory's recent research on many topics including extraterrestrial magnetism, magnetofossils, and historical geomagnetic field behavior. Visitors can find out more about the many laboratory members' research activities through links to their home pages. Researchers can download a selection of the group's publications. Everyone can enjoy the amazing images from recent geologic field trips across the globe.

238

Fixing the national laboratory system  

SciTech Connect

Over the past 20 years, there have been numerous studies of the Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories. Having reviewed numerous recommendations of outsiders, the Department of Energy responds with a plan of action. Having reviewed these, we find that there is much merit in the criticisms and much good intention in the proposals to change the governance and focus of the laboratories. But we believe that the proposals either attack the wrong problems or are simply unlikely to succeed. We have developed instead what we believe is a comprehensive and practical strategy to manage the national laboratory system to achieve national goals and to make it once again an essential, cost-effective, and well-managed element of the nation`s R&D enterprise. We believe that this approach, unlike others tried over the past two decades, is demonstrably working and should be continued. This paper outlines these proposals.

Curtis, C.B.; McTague. J.P.; Cheney, D.W.

1997-11-01

239

Rethinking Laboratories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an inquiry analysis tool and adaptation principles to help teachers evaluate and adapt laboratory instructional materials to be more inquiry-oriented. Based on the National Research Council's (NRC) essential features of inquiry. (NB)

Volkmann, Mark J.; Abell, Sandra K.

2003-01-01

240

Laboratory Methods  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

The FDA sets scientific standards for testing foods for various contaminants. Laboratories and food companies worldwide use these standards to make ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/foodscienceresearch/laboratorymethods

241

Rethinking Laboratories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although research demonstrates the value of inquiry-based science, many curriculum materials are still based on traditional approaches that fail to engage students in inquiry. Using an example of a typical cookbook laboratory--the "rusty nail," this article describes an inquiry analysis tool and adaptation principles that were created to help teachers evaluate and adapt laboratory instructional materials to be more inquiry-oriented.

Volkmann, Mark J.; Abell, Sandra K.

2003-09-01

242

Selecting a Reference Object  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One way to describe the location of an object is to relate it to another object. Often there are many nearby objects, each of which could serve as a candidate to be the reference object. A common theoretical assumption is that features that make a given object salient relative to the candidate set are instrumental in determining which is…

Miller, Jared E.; Carlson, Laura A.; Hill, Patrick L.

2011-01-01

243

Building outline detection based on height and intensity information of airborne laser scanning data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Urban environment is extremely complex due to a multitude of features with different heights and structures. Traditional methods available to extract information regarding the buildings by using optical remote sensing images are highly labor-intensive and time-consuming. This paper developed a new method to detect building outlines based on height and intensity information of Airborne LiDAR data. Texture, relative height and intensity characteristics were first extracted from the LiDAR point cloud. Then, Support Vector Data Description was used to detect buildings with training knowledge. Finally, building outlines were obtained after data post process including small region removal, raster to vector conversion and so on. Experiments show the method proposed in this study is reliable and could be widely used in other urban areas.

Wang, Chengyi; Liang, Fuyuan; Zheng, Yi

2011-11-01

244

Effective basis for modelling outlines of envelopes generated by motion of surfaces of revolution  

SciTech Connect

This paper considers effective solutions of problems on parallel processing of envelopes generated by three-dimensional movement of surfaces of revolution. In general, determining the points outlining the envelope corresponding to concrete values for motion parameters reduces to numerical solution of nonlinear equations in generatrix parameters. For surfaces of revolution whose generatrix is a circular arc, this problem reduces to solution of a fourth-degree algebraic equation. It is shown that an envelope outline can be specified in the form of an explicit function of the motion parameters for any motion if the generatrix of the surface of revolution is a strait line, and, for motion with a fixed point or a fixed axis for the surface of revolution, if the generatrix is a conic section, spline, or a number of other curves.

Turlapov, V.E.; Yakunin, V.I.

1994-11-01

245

Temperature-constrained fixed-outline floorplanning for die-stacking system-in-package design  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we study a floorplanning problem for die-stacking System-in-Package (SiP) design in which the wire bonding method is used to connect signals between different dies. We present an approach which sequentially determines a floorplan for each die such that the generated floorplan has minimal on-chip wirelength and satisfies given fixed-outline and temperature constraints. The experimental results indicate that

De-Yu Liu; Wai-Kei Mak; Ting-Chi Wang

2010-01-01

246

The expansion of negative power of the mutual distance between two planets. I - Outline  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An outline of a method to determine the expansion of negative powers of the mutual distance between to planets is presented. The method is similar to that using the concept of differential operators (Kamel, 1988) based on the analysis of Smart (1960). The method presented does take differential operators into account, but uses the Taylor expansion for functions of several variables, neglecting powers higher than the fourth in the eccentricity and inclination.

Kamel, Osman M.; Soliman, Adel S.

1988-12-01

247

GENERAL ARRANGEMENT AND OUTLINE. T.H. 2.5 PUMPING PLANT. TEXAS HILL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GENERAL ARRANGEMENT AND OUTLINE. T.H. 2.5 PUMPING PLANT. TEXAS HILL CANAL - STA. 132+00. TEXAS HILL CANAL AND DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM. United States Department of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation; Gila Project, Arizona, Wellton-Mohawk Division. Drawing No. 50-D-3187, dated January 10, 1955, Denver, Colorado - Wellton-Mohawk Irrigation System, Relift Station, Texas Hill Canal 2.5, Northern Terminus of Avenue 51 East, approximately .5 mile south of Union Pacific Railroad, Wellton, Yuma County, AZ

248

Stability of the shells of revolution outlined by the multifocused surface  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The stability of shells outlined by bifocused surfaces which simulate the shells of bionic shapes of eggshell type has been considered from the viewpoint of general and local stability. Based on the analysis of numerical results obtained by two methods, a conclusion is made on the acceptability of the propositions of the theory of local stability when calculating critical values of loadings for bifocused shells. The material of shell is assumed to be isotropic.

Babich, D. B.

1993-11-01

249

Object locating system  

DOEpatents

A sensing system locates an object by sensing the object's effect on electric fields. The object's effect on the mutual capacitance of electrode pairs varies according to the distance between the object and the electrodes. A single electrode pair can sense the distance from the object to the electrodes. Multiple electrode pairs can more precisely locate the object in one or more dimensions.

Novak, James L. (Albuquerque, NM); Petterson, Ben (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-06-09

250

The Science Laboratory Experiences of Utah's High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated the extent to which science laboratory experiences encountered by Utah high school students aligned with reform efforts outlined in national standards documents. Through both quantitative and qualitative methods the findings revealed that while there were instances of alignment found between science laboratory

Campbell, Todd

2007-01-01

251

Overview of Virtual National Laboratory Objectives, Plans, andProjects  

SciTech Connect

Significant experimental and theoretical progress has been made in the U.S. heavy ion fusion program on high-current sources, transport, and focusing. Currents over 200 mA have been transported through a matching section and 10 half-lattice periods with electric quadrupoles. An experiment shows control of high beam current with an aperture, while avoiding secondary electrons. New theory and simulations of the neutralization of intense beam space charge with plasma in various focusing chamber configurations predict that near-emittance-limited beam focal spot sizes can be obtained even with beam perveance (ratio of beam space potential to ion energy) >10 x higher than in earlier HIF focusing experiments. Progress in a new focusing experiment with plasma neutralization up to 10{sup -3} perveance, and designs for a next-step experiment to study beam brightness evolution from source to target are described.

Logan, B.G.; Celata, C.M.; Kwan, J.W.; Lee, E.P.; Leitner, M.; Seidl, P.A.; Yu, S.S.; Barnard, J.J.; Friedman, A.; Meier, W.R.; Davidson, R.C.

2002-06-01

252

Project objectives and progress at the Research Laboratory of Electronics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Molecule microscopy, semiconductor surface studies, atomic resonance and scattering, reaction dynamics at semiconductor surfaces, X-ray diffuse scattering, phase transitions in chemisorbed systems, optics and quantum electronics, photonics, optical spectroscopy of disordered materials and X-ray scattering from surfaces, infrared nonlinear optics, quantum optics and electronics, microwave and millimeter wave techniques, microwave and quantum magnetics, radio astronomy, electromagnetic wave theory and remote sensing, electronic properties of amorphous silicon dioxide, photon correlation spectroscopy and applications, submicron structures fabrication, plasma dynamics, optical propagation and communication, digital signal processing, speech communication, linguistics, cognitive information processing, custom integrated circuits, communications biophysics, and physiology, are discussed.

Allen, J.

1983-01-01

253

Adult Roles & Functions. Objective Based Evaluation System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book of objective-based test items is designed to be used with the Adult Roles and Functions curriculum for a non-laboratory home economic course for grades eleven and twelve. It contains item banks for each cognitive objective in the curriculum. In addition, there is a form for the table of specifications to be developed for each unit. This…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

254

An Ontology-Based Course Editor (OBCE) for SCORM-Compliant Learning Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to develop an ontology-based course editor (OBCE) for authoring learning materials on content repository management system (CRMS). Ontologies play a pivotal role in authoring a SCORM-compliant learning objects, where they will provide an outline of precisely defined terms that can be communicated across teachers by visualized presentations. The outlines of teaching materials likely rely

Jin-Tan David Yang; Pao-Tan Yu; Wen Chih Chen

2004-01-01

255

Laboratory solvent reuse -- Liquid chromatography  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work was to develop a method for reduction of waste solvent in the Process Engineering Chemistry Laboratory. The liquid chromatographs are the largest generators of explosive-contaminated waste in the laboratory. We developed a successful process for the reuse of solvents from the liquid chromatographs and demonstrated the utility of the process in the assay of hexanitrostilbene.

Quinlin, W.T.; Schaffer, C.L.

1992-11-01

256

Laboratory Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for flexibility in science research facilities is discussed, with emphasis on the effect of that need on the design of laboratories. The relationship of office space, bench space, and special equipment areas, and the location and distribution of piping and air conditioning, are considered particularly important. This building type study…

Barnett, Jonathan

257

Scatterogram: a method for outlining the body during lymphoscintigraphy without using external flood source  

PubMed Central

Background We evaluated the feasibility of outlining the body with scattered photons using a low dose intradermal injection of the radiotracer. Patients and methods. Sixty breast cancer patients were included into the study. 30 minutes post radiotracer injection static lymphoscintigraphy images were acquired using low energy high resolution collimator in anterior and lateral views. For patients with 2-day protocol another set of images was taken 20 hours post-injection. Two photopeaks were used during imaging: 1-Tc-99m (130-150 keV) and 2- Scatter photons (60-120). The fusion image of these two images was constructed by NM-NM fusion workflow of the workstation. The usual body outline of the patients was also acquired in 20 cases using the external flood source without moving the patients from their positions. Results The early (30 minute image) scatterograms of the patients clearly showed the contour of the body. The 20 hour scatterograms were not as high quality as the corresponding early images. The constructed overlaid images showed the location of the axillary sentinel nodes and the body contours clearly for early scatterograms but not the delayed (20 hour) ones. The processing of the images for the reconstruction of overlaid scatterograms took the mean time of 10±5 seconds. Conclusions Imaging the scattered photons is feasible for the intradermal low dose injection of the radiotracers in order to outline the body contour. This imaging method does not increase the radiation exposure of the patients or operators and does not extend the time of imaging either.

Momennezhad, Mehdi; Zakavi, Seyed Rasoul; Dabbagh Kakhki, Vahid Reza; Jangjoo, Ali; Ghavamnasiri, Mohammad Reza; Sadeghi, Ramin

2011-01-01

258

Outline for reusable reentry satellite system specification, volumes 1 - volume 9  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This document describes the outline proposed by the SAIC team for the RRS System Specification document. This document will be updated periodically during the course of the study, providing design insights and information pertinent to the various elements of the RRS design. The RRS System Specification document organization is shown schematically. The RRS Vehicle (RRV), Payload Module (PM), and the Operations Support (OS) are the three main segments of the overall system for which formal interface control will exist. The number and relationship of these interface specifications to the main segments is also shown.

1989-10-01

259

Object Recognition with Less Requirements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years remarkable results have been achieved in the field of object recognition. Recognition performance of more than 90% are not rare anymore leading to the conclusion of an application beyond scientific fields. However, such a high performance is often a result of unrealistic constraints of the images to be recognized and the use-cases which are only applicable in controlled laboratory environments. In this paper we propose a system working even under difficult conditions and achieving higher recognition performance as compared to other state-of-the-art systems.

Klinkigt, Martin; Kise, Koichi

260

Phase-angle-based EMI object discrimination and analysis of data from a commercial differential two-frequency system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The EPFL and the VUB have been investigating the response of metal detectors within the framework of humanitarian demining research activities, in particular frequency domain systems. A simple circuit model has bene looked at first, followed by the analysis of a more completed model. As has also been stressed before, this analysis indicates the possibility of identifying some metallic objects. In addition the phase shift of the received signal turns out to be a continuous, monotonically decreasing function of the object size; this leads to the idea of imposing a 'phase threshold' in order to reduce the amount of detected clutter. This discrimination-based approach is less ambitious than object identification, but is likely to be more robust and to work when looking for metallic objects of a certain size, e.g. non minimum-metal mines or UXO. A first series of measurements was therefore carried out using a commercially available, differential tow frequent metal detector, the Foerster MINEX 2FD. The detector's internal signals have been recorded in a laboratory setup along linear scans varying different object parameters for several representative objects. The collection of data as a function of movement enables the possibility of analyzing the data in the complex plane, and makes it possible to exploit global object properties. Some representative results are presented and the limits of such discrimination/identification approaches briefly outlined.

Bruschini, Claudio; Sahli, Hichem

2000-08-01

261

Scope on Safety: When is a classroom a laboratory?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the bare bones that must exist for a room to be considered safe for teaching laboratory science? This month's issue of Scope on Safety addresses this question by first defining when a laboratory is really considered a laboratory. Next, the basic safety standards for middle school science labs are outlined according to OSHA standards and the Environmental Protection Agency. Lastly, the article discusses how to meet the safety needs of the science activity with the facility.

Roy, Ken

2007-03-01

262

Creating, implementing, and sustaining an advanced optical spectroscopy laboratory course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An upper-division laboratory course in atomic and molecular spectroscopy is described. Examples of outcomes that also benefit second-year physics laboratories and demonstrations in introductory courses are presented. The overarching goal that drove the development of the course was to assist students in understanding the fundamental connections between atomic and molecular spectra and the underlying structures. A selection of laboratory experiences supporting this goal, and the equipment and techniques necessary to provide them, are outlined.

Blue, Jennifer; Bayram, S. B.; Marcum, S. D.

2012-06-06

263

Creating, implementing, and sustaining an advanced optical spectroscopy laboratory course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An upper-division laboratory course in atomic and molecular spectroscopy is described. Examples of outcomes that also benefit second-year physics laboratories and demonstrations in introductory courses are presented. The overarching goal that drove the development of the course was to assist students in understanding the fundamental connections between atomic and molecular spectra and the underlying structures. A selection of laboratory experiences supporting this goal, and the equipment and techniques necessary to provide them, are outlined.

Blue, Jennifer; Bayram, S. Burcin; Marcum, S. Douglas

2010-05-01

264

Plant Growth and Development: An Outline for a Unit Structured Around the Life Cycle of Rapid-Cycling Brassica Rapa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This outline is intended for use in a unit of 10-12 lectures on plant growth and development at the introductory undergraduate level as part of a course on organismal biology. The series of lecture outlines is structured around the life cycle of rapid-cycling Brassica rapa (RCBr). The unit begins with three introductory lectures on general plant…

Becker, Wayne M.

265

Aircraft Fuel, Fuel Metering, Induction and Exhaust Systems (Course Outline), Aviation Mechanics (Power Plant): 9057.02.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents an outline for a 135-hour course designed to help the trainee gain the skills and knowledge necessary to become an aviation powerplant mechanic. The course outlines the theory of operation of various fuel systems, fuel metering, induction, and exhaust system components with an emphasis on troubleshooting, maintenance, and…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

266

Aircraft Materials, Processes, Cleaning and Corrosion Control (Course Outline), Aviation Mechanics 1 (Power and Frame): 9073.01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents an outline for a 135-hour course designed to familiarize the beginning student with the basic concepts common to aircraft materials and processes, together with the requirements of proper cleaning and corrosion control as outlined by the Federal Aviation Agency. The aviation airframe and powerplant maintenance technician is…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

267

Aircraft Materials, Processes, Cleaning and Corrosion Control (Course Outline), Aviation Mechanics 1 (Power and Frame): 9073.01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents an outline for a 135-hour course designed to familiarize the beginning student with the basic concepts common to aircraft materials and processes, together with the requirements of proper cleaning and corrosion control as outlined by the Federal Aviation Agency. The aviation airframe and powerplant maintenance technician is…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

268

Aircraft Fuel, Fuel Metering, Induction and Exhaust Systems (Course Outline), Aviation Mechanics (Power Plant): 9057.02.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents an outline for a 135-hour course designed to help the trainee gain the skills and knowledge necessary to become an aviation powerplant mechanic. The course outlines the theory of operation of various fuel systems, fuel metering, induction, and exhaust system components with an emphasis on troubleshooting, maintenance, and…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

269

The human mandible in lateral view: elliptical fourier descriptors of the outline and their morphological analysis.  

PubMed

An original procedure based on new developments in elliptical Fourier methods associated with image analysis technics was applied to 117 human mandibles in lateral view (69 males, 48 females) in order to analyze interindividual variability and sexual dimorphism. Original parameters, called elliptical Fourier descriptors, allowed for the quantification of the shape of an outline irrespective of its morphological complexity, and provided a precise individual characterization. The use of step by step reconstructions with an increasing number of harmonics allowed for demonstration of the morphological contributions of the elliptical Fourier descriptors, and relationships to precise anatomical features were established. The first harmonics (1st to 8th) described the general mandibular shape, and the later harmonics (8th to 14th) characterized accessory and finer morphological features. The proportion of individuals presenting significant sexual dimorphism was 97.1% in males and 91.7% in females, and after size normalization 84.1% in males and 81.2% in females. Even after removal of the size component, these results in regard to mandibular dimorphism remained better than those found by classical approaches; this could be due to the use of elliptical Fourier analysis which takes into account all the information of the mandibular outline. Compared to the size component, the shape component seemed to be more important in the sexual dimorphism of the human mandible than previously recognized. The present approach opens interesting anthropological and clinical perspectives for the characterization of mandibular morphology. PMID:11936202

Schmittbuhl, Matthieu; Le Minor, Jean-Marie; Schaaf, André; Mangin, Patrice

2002-03-01

270

Complex Object Hashing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An important characteristic of many new data models is the capability of constructing complex data objects. These complex data objects usually include set valued attributes. The efficiency of the implementation of sets heavily depends on the efficiency of...

H. Duchene V. Turau

1990-01-01

271

CRCHD - Goals & Objectives  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - Goals & Objectives  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research PNP Project Listing Northwest Native American Patient Navigation Pilot Program (NW PNP) Goals & Objectives Patient Navigation Research Program (PNRP) Northwest Native American

272

Distributed Object Oriented Programming.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes a concurrent model of execution for object oriented programming. In addition, it describes a computation manager that implements this model and a compiler that translates a subset of Common Lisp with Flavors object oriented extension ...

A. M. Wollrath E. H. Bensley J. C. Fohlin M. J. Prelle T. J. Brando

1990-01-01

273

CAPT Course Objectives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This PDF document from the Center for the Advancement of Process Technology includes a list of course objectives for process technology curriculum. For each model course, recommended topics and objectives are included.

2011-02-04

274

Early object relations into new objects.  

PubMed

Two strands of change are suggested by this review, one maturational, the other therapeutic or developmental (Hartmann and Kris, 1945). By "maturational" I mean to suggest energies that infuse the individual from earliest life in a manner that includes object relations, but for the healthy exercise of which object relations per se need not be of central and crucial importance. Within wide limits such energies may be delayed until growth conditions prevail without significant distortion of certain of the organism's ego functions. Therapeutic change is analogous to developmental change in that both involve the crucial presence of another to release energies. In therapeutic change these are energies that have been repressed beyond the reach of developmental dynamics. In everyday development crisis and synthesis alternate in conjunction with new and emerging objects to add to the psychological structures brought to the fore by maturation. In many instances, as we see with John, over time and in a less focussed manner, developmental changes can approximate therapeutic change and visa versa. Freud-Dann in their "experiment" pursued one line, in which the equipmental delay brought on by extremely adverse living circumstances was redressed by providing an interpersonally enriching, loving, developmentally facilitating milieu. The sketches of individual children and John's subsequent story provide a perspective into what becomes the stuff of growth and what remains the stuff of neurosis. The developmental reserves and ego resilience of these children were impressive but probably not extraordinary. Usual growth ensued as soon as they were provided with the rich soil of Bulldogs Bank instead of the desert sand of the Tereszin concentration camp. However, no one can escape such adverse circumstances without having taken in the stuff of neurosis. Affects and percepts that were not assimilatable or even available to consciousness at the time remain buried in the unconscious. Pain deprived of meaning is buried as neurosis. As we see in John's story, experience that cannot be integrated at the time is locked away from whatever developmental progression has occurred. Intolerable affects and ideas require particular circumstances of object relation and verbalization such as are found in the context of psychoanalysis and arrived at through psychoanalytic interpretation. Or, as in John's case, they may give way only slowly and irregularly over long stretches of time, when subjected to life experiences in the company of new object relations. Broadly stated, the Freud-Dann paper helps us to appreciate that there are several pathways of protection and growth in the ego that involve the discovery or construction of new objects. Family-romance fantasies are a common manifestation of new-object phenomena. Transitional object phenomena are also related. For some individuals at a particular time or over a span of time, providing the right circumstances for the resumption of maturational and developmental growth is all it takes to make them whole. Changes in the adaptive ego are sufficient to alleviate the conflicts stemming from the neurotic ego. For others, depending upon the degree of their neurotic impairment, or for the same individual under other circumstances, therapeutic change in the deepest sense demands the relatively unconditional presence of the interactive and interpreting other. Children of the storm who come in for shelter and warmth may thrive, but they also require a means of getting at the storm in their core that has been internalized as part of the ego's survival mechanism. What can be extracted from the poignant story of the Bulldogs Bank children about current child-analytic technique? The psychoanalytic piano now may be more formally conceptualized as having white as well as black keys. Most analyses, adult and child, have been conducted as though the "black keys"--pressure to mastery through repetition and its subsequent interpretation in relation to the transference--were the sole agents of the

Downey, T W

2001-01-01

275

Object Integrity Using Rules  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrity maintenance in object-oriented systems has so far received little attention. This paper is an attempt to fill this\\u000a gap. It describes a mechanism for maintaining integrity in an object-oriented database, implemented for the O2 system, and which uses the production rule approach to constraint maintenance. Object integrity is ensured by objects themselves\\u000a — the rules which are activated when

Claudia Bauzer Medeiros; Patrick Pfeffer

1991-01-01

276

The object is integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new thing in the computer programming arena is object-oriented programming (OOP). OOP distinguishes itself from conventional programming in three important ways: encapsulation, inheritance and polymorphism. Encapsulation describes the organization of both code and data into powerful units called objects. This organization, a natural extension of a data-structure, creates an implicit relationship between object-code and object-data. Encapsulation describes the organization

A. Register

1994-01-01

277

Learning objects, learning objectives and learning design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational research and development into e?learning mainly focuses on the inclusion of new technological features without taking into account psycho?pedagogical concerns that are likely to improve a learner’s cognitive process in this new educational category. This paper presents an instructional model that combines objectivist and constructivist learning theories. The model is based on the concept of a learning objective which

Fernando Alonso; Genoveva López; Daniel Manrique; José María Viñes

2008-01-01

278

Lunar laboratory  

SciTech Connect

An international research laboratory can be established on the Moon in the early years of the 21st Century. It can be built using the transportation system now envisioned by NASA, which includes a space station for Earth orbital logistics and orbital transfer vehicles for Earth-Moon transportation. A scientific laboratory on the Moon would permit extended surface and subsurface geological exploration; long-duration experiments defining the lunar environment and its modification by surface activity; new classes of observations in astronomy; space plasma and fundamental physics experiments; and lunar resource development. The discovery of a lunar source for propellants may reduce the cost of constructing large permanent facilities in space and enhance other space programs such as Mars exploration. 29 refs.

Keaton, P.W.; Duke, M.B.

1986-01-01

279

Classification Objectives and Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Making correct predictions is only one, and probably not the most important, of the objectives for security classification. In this article, inherent limitations to predictive ability are discussed and four other objectives are emphasized. These objectives are as follows: making classification decisions the right way, making decisions stick, managing decisions, and promoting positive human interaction. The discussion focuses on the

Jack Alexander

1986-01-01

280

Tracking Objects Using Recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tracking is frequently considered a frame-to-frame op- eration. As such, object recognition techniques are gener- ally too slow to be used for tracking. There are domains, however, where the objects of interest do not move most of the time. In these domains, it is possible to watch for activity in the scene and then apply object recognition tech- niques to

Randal C. Nelson; Isaac A. Green

2002-01-01

281

for Distributed Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Techniques such as replication and caching of objects that implement distributed services lead to consistency problems that must be addressed. We explore new consistency protocols based on the notion of object value lifetimes. By keeping track of the lifetimes of the values stored in shared objects (i.e., the time interval that goes from the writing of a value until the

Francisco J. Torres-Rojas; Mustaque Ahamad; Michel Raynal

282

Visual object understanding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visual object understanding includes processes at the nexus of visual perception and visual cognition. A traditional approach separates questions that are more associated with perception — how are objects represented by high-level vision — from questions that are more associated with cognition — how are objects identified, categorized and remembered. However, to understand the bridge between perception and cognition, it

Thomas J. Palmeri; Isabel Gauthier

2004-01-01

283

Active Objects in TMN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Telecommunications Management Network (TMN) systems use the object-oriented information modelling techniques and communication facilities provided by OSI Systems Management (SM). TMN interfaces are specified in terms of rather passive Managed Objects (MOs) with prespecified behaviour. In this paper, we propose the concept of Active Managed Objects (AMOs) as the means to specify and express arbitrary management functions (including those specified

Anastasia Vassila; George Pavlou; Graham Knight

1997-01-01

284

Objective video quality metrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses methods used in different objective video quality metrics. An experimental comparison of different objective methods is also conducted. This experiment shows the importance of video content for a subjective quality evaluation not comprised well by the objective metrics used.

M. Vranjes; S. Rimac-Drlje; D. Zagar

2007-01-01

285

Survivability via Control Objectives  

SciTech Connect

Control objectives open an additional front in the survivability battle. A given set of control objectives is valuable if it represents good practices, it is complete (it covers all the necessary areas), and it is auditable. CobiT and BS 7799 are two examples of control objective sets.

CAMPBELL,PHILIP L.

2000-08-11

286

Object localization with whiskers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rats use their large facial hairs (whiskers) to detect, localize and identify objects in their proximal three- dimensional (3D) space. Here, we focus on recent evidence of how object location is encoded in the neural sensory path- ways of the rat whisker system. Behavioral and neuronal observations have recently converged to the point where object location in 3D appears to

Ehud Ahissar; Per Magne Knutsen

2008-01-01

287

The Language of Objection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whenever the author talks to audiences about transforming school systems, without exception people raise objections. The half dozen most common objections often come in the form of "Yes, nice idea but..." What follows the "but" is the objection. The author learned a technique for responding to these "buts" from family members who work in sales.…

Duffy, Francis M.

2010-01-01

288

Object Versioning in Ode  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design of the versioning facilities in the Ode object-oriented database system is based on a fewpowerful concepts that allow implementation of a wide variety of versioning paradigms. These facilitieshave been cleanly integrated into Ode's database programming language O++. Object versioning in Ode isorthogonal to type, that is, versioning is an object property and not a type property. Versions of

Rakesh Agrawal; S. Buroff; Narain H. Gehani; Dennis Shasha

1991-01-01

289

Laboratory reverie.  

PubMed

As a general rule, HMN believes you should avoid making the laboratory business separate from the practice and should maintain the lab technician on the same footing as the rest of the staff with regard to working hours and salary. However, this does not apply to every practice. Sometimes there are distinct advantages to channeling money out of your practice. The discussion above will help you to evaluate your individual situation. PMID:8059764

1994-08-01

290

Management by Objectives: A Program of Measured Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Management by objectives (MBO) is defined and an MBO program adapted for clinic services of a college of podiatric medicine is presented. Major steps with specific examples for goal setting, action planning, self-control, and periodic review are outlined. (Author/MLW)

Block, Philip

1980-01-01

291

Music Education. Student Terminal Goals, Program Goals, and Behavioral Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the goals of the music program of the Mesa Public Schools are outlined in this guide, implementation techniques are left to school faculties. The terminal goal is for each student to attain the highest level of musical understanding and appreciation. Program goals, for which specific behavioral objectives are listed by primary, intermediate,…

Mesa Public Schools, AZ.

292

The Translation of Identified Needs into Program Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Model constructs of the relationship of program needs to educational objective setting in medical continuing education program development were outlined. Utilizing an inductive method of discovering theory as the major research method, five procedural models were derived. Data were collected from twenty respondents from ten university medical…

Mazmanian, Paul E.

293

Music Education. Student Terminal Goals, Program Goals, and Behavioral Objectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While the goals of the music program of the Mesa Public Schools are outlined in this guide, implementation techniques are left to school faculties. The terminal goal is for each student to attain the highest level of musical understanding and appreciation. Program goals, for which specific behavioral objectives are listed by primary,…

Mesa Public Schools, AZ.

294

INSTRUCTIONAL PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES FOR A COURSE IN GENERAL BIOLOGY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES OF A FRESHMAN COURSE IN GENERAL BIOLOGY ARE ORGANIZED FOR THE STUDENT'S EASE OF REFERENCE. THE COURSE IS OUTLINED, BY DEGREE OF COMPLEXITY, AS FOLLOWS--(1) ORIENTATION AND INTRODUCTION, (2) ORIGIN AND ORGANIZATION OF LIFE, (3) CYTOLOGY, (4) METABOLISM AND BIOCHEMISTRY, (5) PLANT LIFE (VASCULAR AND NON-VASCULAR), (6)…

MAFFETT, JAMES E.

295

Characterisation of a Stereo Matching and Object Location System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this report we demonstrate and characterise a 3D wireframe model matcher, applied to a stereo object location problem typical of many industrial machine vision applications, and relate its design to the methodology we proposed as an earlier component of this project (41). We begin by outlining the stereo requirements of a 3D model matcher, and in this context discuss

G. A. Buonaccorsi; A. J. Lacey; N. A. Thacker

296

Knock-Outs, Stick-Outs, Cut-Outs: Clipping Paths Separate Objects from Background.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines a six-step process that allows computer operators, using Photoshop software, to create "knock-outs" to precisely define the path that will serve to separate the object from the background. (SR)|

Wilson, Bradley

1998-01-01

297

Laboratory interface in support of Environmental Restoration Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A vital part of quality environmental data resides in the communication between the project and the analytical laboratory. It is essential that the project clearly identify its objectives to the laboratory and that the laboratory understands the scope and...

G. J. Pardue

1994-01-01

298

Technical Assistance Guide: Working with DOE National Laboratories (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

A fact sheet that provides an overview of FEMP's technical assistance through the Department of Energy's National Laboratories. The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) facilitates the Federal Government's implementation of sound, cost-effective energy management and investment practices to enhance the nation's energy security and environmental stewardship. To advance that mission, FEMP fosters collaboration between Federal agencies and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories. This guide outlines technical assistance capabilities and expertise at DOE national laboratories. Any laboratory assistance must be in accordance with Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Subpart 35.017 requirements and the laboratory's designation as Federal Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC) facilities.

Not Available

2012-07-01

299

Present status of the Bevalac and design outline of proposed medical accelerator  

SciTech Connect

The Bevalac currently supports a strong and diverse program of scientific research with beams of relativistic heavy ions in the Biomedical and Nuclear Sciences. These programs utilize ions throughout the Periodic Table that range in energy from a few MeV to 2 GeV/nucleon, including radioactive secondary beams, such as neon-19. This paper first provides a brief overview of the Bevalac, its present operational status and the accelerator improvement program, followed by a rationale for the proposed construction of a hospital-based modern synchrotron dedicated to applications in Biomedicine, including the radiotherapeutic treatment of cancer and other human disorders. An outline of the proposed design for the new machine is given, including discussion of the design philosophy, a review of major accelerator components, and the expected performance and operating characteristics.

Gough, R.A.

1986-03-01

300

Accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Stations of TEPCO --Outline & lessons learned--  

PubMed Central

The severe accident that broke out at Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power stations on March 11, 2011, caused seemingly infinite damage to the daily life of residents. Serious and wide-spread contamination of the environment occurred due to radioactive materials discharged from nuclear power stations (NPSs). At the same time, many issues were highlighted concerning countermeasures to severe nuclear accidents. The accident is outlined, and lessons learned are extracted with respect to the safety of NPSs, as well as radiation protection of residents under the emergency involving the accident. The materials of the current paper are those released by governmental agencies, academic societies, interim reports of committees under the government, and others.

TANAKA, Shun-ichi

2012-01-01

301

System Outline and Operational Status of Karita Power Station New Unit 1 (PFBC)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Karita Power Station New Unit 1, which started commercial operation on July 3, 2001, has adopted the new power generation system PFBC, Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion, a combined cycle generation system. The system boasts high thermal efficiency, excellent environmental characteristics and compact size. Output from the steam turbine generator and gas turbine generator is 290MW and 75MW, respectively, with total output adjusted to 360MW, making the unit the largest PFBC plant in the world. In October 2002, combustion tests were conducted using an anthracite coal from Yangquan; and in April 2003, a world record was achieved for continuous operation hours of a PFBC plant. This paper focuses on the outline and operation status of Karita New Unit 1.

Asai, Akihisa; Izaki, Kazuhiro; Egami, Youichi; Tsuji, Kouhei; Kumagai, Shunji; Nishijima, Yuuji

302

Designing a Mediator for Managing Relationships between Distributed Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The paper discusses issues related to the design of an integrating mediator that facilitates the use of distributed and heterogeneous\\u000a data resources. The architecture for such a mediator is outlined in the paper. The implementation of relationships between\\u000a distributed objects is presented. The design of a mediator is based on the CORBA software model that considers relationships\\u000a between distributed objects

Hanna Kemppainen

1999-01-01

303

Mobile Java objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we discuss the engineering requirements for adding object mobility to the Java programming language, and give an overview of the design and implementation of our mobile object system. We show that it is helpful to cluster objects for mobility, and that if these clusters represent untrusted pieces of code (for example, agents) then they must be encapsulated both to control their access and to control access to them. We show that managing large numbers of mobile objects in an open environment is a difficult problem, but has its roots in the management of large distributed name spaces. We propose an architecture for relocating moved objects that is both scaleable and tuneable. The mobile object system we describe has been implemented, and is currently in use as part of an ESPRIT agent project. We are currently evolving the design and implementation to provide additional security and distribution facilities.

Hayton, R. J.; Bursell, M. H.; Donaldson, D. I.; Harwood, W.; Herbert, A. J.

1999-03-01

304

Object operations benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

Performance is a major issue in the acceptance of object-oriented and relational database systems aimed at engineering applications such as computer-aided software engineering (CASE) and computer-aided design (CAD). Because traditional database systems benchmarks are inapproriate to measure performance for operations on engineering objects, we designed a new benchmark Object Operations version 1 (OO1) to focus on important characteristics of these

R. G. G. Cattell; J. Skeen

1992-01-01

305

Making Objects More Knowledgeable  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite their common roots, the paradigms of object-oriented programmingand object-based knowledge representation techniques could not reallybe joined again. A synthesis of both worlds would allow for the descriptionof complex knowledge-based systems with dynamic behavior in a unifiedframework. We propose a corresponding model that extends object-oriented programminginto the classification-based paradigm of terminological reasoning andconsider a natural language understanding task...

Susanne Schacht; Udo Hahn

1997-01-01

306

Catadioptric varifocal objective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many of observation optical systems consist of two parts: main observation objective with long focal length and narrow angular field and wide angular viewfinder lens. We propose to combine the two mentioned optical systems in one varifocal objective. In this case refractive system of viewfinder is integrated into the scheme of the catadioptric objective. Changing of magnification is implemented by "replacing" certain optical-mechanical components either in main or in viewfinder objective. In this paper it is described optical design of proposed approach and its technical realization.

Ermolaeva, E.; Livshits, I.; Vasiliyev, V.

2012-10-01

307

Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program FY 2007 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program reports its status to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in March of each year. The program operates under the authority of DOE Order 413.2B, 'Laboratory Directed Research and Development' (April 19, 2006), which establishes DOE's requirements for the program while providing the Laboratory Director broad flexibility for program implementation. LDRD funds are obtained through a charge to all Laboratory programs. This report includes summaries for all ORNL LDRD research activities supported during FY 2007. The associated FY 2007 ORNL LDRD Self-Assessment (ORNL/PPA-2008/2) provides financial data and an internal evaluation of the program's management process. ORNL is a DOE multiprogram science, technology, and energy laboratory with distinctive capabilities in materials science and engineering, neutron science and technology, energy production and end-use technologies, biological and environmental science, and scientific computing. With these capabilities ORNL conducts basic and applied research and development (R&D) to support DOE's overarching mission to advance the national, economic, and energy security of the United States and promote scientific and technological innovation in support of that mission. As a national resource, the Laboratory also applies its capabilities and skills to specific needs of other federal agencies and customers through the DOE Work for Others (WFO) program. Information about the Laboratory and its programs is available on the Internet at http://www.ornl.gov/. LDRD is a relatively small but vital DOE program that allows ORNL, as well as other DOE laboratories, to select a limited number of R&D projects for the purpose of: (1) maintaining the scientific and technical vitality of the Laboratory; (2) enhancing the Laboratory's ability to address future DOE missions; (3) fostering creativity and stimulating exploration of forefront science and technology; (4) serving as a proving ground for new research; and (5) supporting high-risk, potentially high-value R&D. Through LDRD the Laboratory is able to improve its distinctive capabilities and enhance its ability to conduct cutting-edge R&D for its DOE and WFO sponsors. To meet the LDRD objectives and fulfill the particular needs of the Laboratory, ORNL has established a program with two components: the Director's R&D Fund and the Seed Money Fund. As outlined in Table 1, these two funds are complementary. The Director's R&D Fund develops new capabilities in support of the Laboratory initiatives, while the Seed Money Fund is open to all innovative ideas that have the potential for enhancing the Laboratory's core scientific and technical competencies. Provision for multiple routes of access to ORNL LDRD funds maximizes the likelihood that novel ideas with scientific and technological merit will be recognized and supported.

Sjoreen, Terrence P [ORNL

2008-04-01

308

Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program FY 2005 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program reports its status to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in March of each year. The program operates under the authority of DOE Order 413.2A, 'Laboratory Directed Research and Development' (January 8, 2001), which establishes DOE's requirements for the program while providing the Laboratory Director broad flexibility for program implementation. LDRD funds are obtained through a charge to all Laboratory programs. This report describes all ORNL LDRD research activities supported during FY 2005 and includes final reports for completed projects and shorter progress reports for projects that were active, but not completed, during this period. The FY 2005 ORNL LDRD Self-Assessment (ORNL/PPA-2006/2) provides financial data about the FY 2005 projects and an internal evaluation of the program's management process. ORNL is a DOE multiprogram science, technology, and energy laboratory with distinctive capabilities in materials science and engineering, neutron science and technology, energy production and end-use technologies, biological and environmental science, and scientific computing. With these capabilities ORNL conducts basic and applied research and development (R&D) to support DOE's overarching national security mission, which encompasses science, energy resources, environmental quality, and national nuclear security. As a national resource, the Laboratory also applies its capabilities and skills to the specific needs of other federal agencies and customers through the DOE Work For Others (WFO) program. Information about the Laboratory and its programs is available on the Internet at . LDRD is a relatively small but vital DOE program that allows ORNL, as well as other multiprogram DOE laboratories, to select a limited number of R&D projects for the purpose of: (1) maintaining the scientific and technical vitality of the Laboratory; (2) enhancing the Laboratory's ability to address future DOE missions; (3) fostering creativity and stimulating exploration of forefront science and technology; (4) serving as a proving ground for new research; and (5) supporting high-risk, potentially high-value R&D. Through LDRD the Laboratory is able to improve its distinctive capabilities and enhance its ability to conduct cutting-edge R&D for its DOE and WFO sponsors. To meet the LDRD objectives and fulfill the particular needs of the Laboratory, ORNL has established a program with two components: the Director's R&D Fund and the Seed Money Fund. As outlined in Table 1, these two funds are complementary. The Director's R&D Fund develops new capabilities in support of the Laboratory initiatives, while the Seed Money Fund is open to all innovative ideas that have the potential for enhancing the Laboratory's core scientific and technical competencies. Provision for multiple routes of access to ORNL LDRD funds maximizes the likelihood that novel and seminal ideas with scientific and technological merit will be recognized and supported.

Sjoreen, Terrence P [ORNL

2006-04-01

309

Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program FY 2004 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program reports its status to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in March of each year. The program operates under the authority of DOE Order 413.2A, 'Laboratory Directed Research and Development' (January 8, 2001), which establishes DOE's requirements for the program while providing the Laboratory Director broad flexibility for program implementation. LDRD funds are obtained through a charge to all Laboratory programs. This report describes all ORNL LDRD research activities supported during FY 2004 and includes final reports for completed projects and shorter progress reports for projects that were active, but not completed, during this period. The FY 2004 ORNL LDRD Self-Assessment (ORNL/PPA-2005/2) provides financial data about the FY 2004 projects and an internal evaluation of the program's management process. ORNL is a DOE multiprogram science, technology, and energy laboratory with distinctive capabilities in materials science and engineering, neutron science and technology, energy production and end-use technologies, biological and environmental science, and scientific computing. With these capabilities ORNL conducts basic and applied research and development (R&D) to support DOE's overarching national security mission, which encompasses science, energy resources, environmental quality, and national nuclear security. As a national resource, the Laboratory also applies its capabilities and skills to the specific needs of other federal agencies and customers through the DOE Work For Others (WFO) program. Information about the Laboratory and its programs is available on the Internet at . LDRD is a relatively small but vital DOE program that allows ORNL, as well as other multiprogram DOE laboratories, to select a limited number of R&D projects for the purpose of: (1) maintaining the scientific and technical vitality of the Laboratory; (2) enhancing the Laboratory's ability to address future DOE missions; (3) fostering creativity and stimulating exploration of forefront science and technology; (4) serving as a proving ground for new research; and (5) supporting high-risk, potentially high-value R&D. Through LDRD the Laboratory is able to improve its distinctive capabilities and enhance its ability to conduct cutting-edge R&D for its DOE and WFO sponsors. To meet the LDRD objectives and fulfill the particular needs of the Laboratory, ORNL has established a program with two components: the Director's R&D Fund and the Seed Money Fund. As outlined in Table 1, these two funds are complementary. The Director's R&D Fund develops new capabilities in support of the Laboratory initiatives, while the Seed Money Fund is open to all innovative ideas that have the potential for enhancing the Laboratory's core scientific and technical competencies. Provision for multiple routes of access to ORNL LDRD funds maximizes the likelihood that novel and seminal ideas with scientific and technological merit will be recognized and supported.

Sjoreen, Terrence P [ORNL

2005-04-01

310

Gravitational wave detection in the laboratory.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After reviewing the research work of gravitational wave detection in the laboratory, particularly long base laser interferometer detectors, the authors report on the recent progress of gravitational wave detection using laser interferometer (Tianyin-100) in Malaysia. The authors also outline the brief plan for Tianyin-500 in the future as a full-scale observatory competitive to other projects such as Ligo, Geo600, etc.

Chen, Y. T.; Kawashima, N.; Othman, M.; Chia, S. P.; Karim, M.; Sanugi, B.; Lim, B. H.; Chong, K. K.

1998-09-01

311

Objects of Desire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes learning objects, also known as granules, chunks, or information nuggets, and likens them to help screens. Discusses concerns about how they can go wrong: (1) faulty pretest questions; (2) missing links in the learning object chain; (3) poor frames of reference; and (4) lack of customization. (JOW)|

Zielinski, Dave

2000-01-01

312

codas object monitoring service  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary Control and Data Acquisition System (codas) of JET is based on a TCP\\/IP network of more than 150 computers. The codas computers provide the JET machine control and data acquisition for over 70,000 digital and analog signals. The Object Monitoring Service (OMS) is used by applications for monitoring objects for presentation to the JET machine operators and for

M. R Wheatley; M Rainford

2001-01-01

313

Specifying concurrent objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The object-oriented style of programming (OOP) is gaining increasing importance as a practical technique for organizing large designs and programs. Another striking aspect of OOP is its potential for concurrent and distributed applications which is based on the fact that objects may coexist in time and concurrently may exchange information by message passing. Up to now, however, there is only

Bernd J. Krämer

1989-01-01

314

Objects of Desire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes learning objects, also known as granules, chunks, or information nuggets, and likens them to help screens. Discusses concerns about how they can go wrong: (1) faulty pretest questions; (2) missing links in the learning object chain; (3) poor frames of reference; and (4) lack of customization. (JOW)

Zielinski, Dave

2000-01-01

315

Images of Axial Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Imaging of three-dimensional objects by lenses and mirrors is sometimes poorly indicated in textbooks and can be incorrectly drawn. We stress a need to clarify the concept of longitudinal magnification, with simulated images illustrating distortions introduced along the optical axis. We consider all possible positions of the object for both a…

Rabal, Hector; Cap, Nelly; Trivi, Marcelo

2011-01-01

316

Principles of Object Perception  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on human infants has begun to shed light on early-developing processes for segmenting perceptual arrays into objects. Infants appear to perceive obiects by analyzing three-dlmensional surface arrangements and motions. Their per- ception does not accord with a general tendency to maximize figural goodness or to attend to nonaccldentol geometric relations in visual arrays. Object perceptlan does accord with principles

Elizabeth S. Spelke

1990-01-01

317

Web Object Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary function of current Web search engines is essentially relevance ranking at the document level. However, myriad structured information about real-world objects embedded in static Web pages and online Web databases. In this paper, we propose a paradigm shift to enable searching at the object level. In traditional information retrieval models, documents are taken as the retrieval units and

Zaiqing Nie; Yunxiao Ma; Shuming Shi; Ji-Rong Wen; Wei-Ying Ma

2006-01-01

318

Images of Axial Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Imaging of three-dimensional objects by lenses and mirrors is sometimes poorly indicated in textbooks and can be incorrectly drawn. We stress a need to clarify the concept of longitudinal magnification, with simulated images illustrating distortions introduced along the optical axis. We consider all possible positions of the object for both a…

Rabal, Hector; Cap, Nelly; Trivi, Marcelo

2011-01-01

319

Visually Guided Object Grasping  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a visual servoing approach to the problem of object grasping and more generally, to the problem of aligning an end-effector with an object. First we extend the method proposed in (1) to the case of a camera which is not mounted onto the robot being controlled and we stress the importance of the real-time estimation

Radu Horaud; Fadi Dornaika; Bernard Espiau

1995-01-01

320

Semiautonomous Learning of Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a robotic vision system that can be taught to recognize novel objects in a semi-autonomous manner that does not require manual labeling or segmentation of any individual training images. Instead, unfamiliar objects are simply shown to the system in varying poses and scales against cluttered background and the system automatically detects, tracks, segments, and builds representations for

Hyundo Kim; Erik Murphy-Chutorian; Jochen Triesch

2006-01-01

321

Towards an Object Stor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's SAN architectures promise unmediated host ac- cess to storage (i.e., without going through a server). To achieve this promise, however, we must address several is- sues and opportunities raised by SANs, including security, scalability and management. Object storage, such as in- troduced by the NASD work (14), is a means of address- ing these issues and opportunities. An object

Alain Azagury; Vladimir Dreizin; Michael Factor; Ealan Henis; Dalit Naor; Noam Rinetzky; Ohad Rodeh; Julian Satran; Ami Tavory; Lena Yerushalmi

2003-01-01

322

Detecting moving objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The detection of moving objects is important in many tasks. This paper examines moving object detection based primarily on optical flow. We conclude that in realistic situations, detection using visual information alone is quite difficult, particularly when the camera may also be moving. The availability of additional information about camera motion and\\/or scene structure greatly simplifies the problem. Two general

William B. Thompson; Ting-chuen Pong

1990-01-01

323

Learning Objects for Electronics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site, hosted by Gateway Technical College, houses several learning objects and lectures using Flash animations and Camtasia videos in the following electronics topic areas: DC/AC ciruits, digital electronics, electronic devices, transistor fundamentals, op amp fundamentals, electronic workbench fundamentals, electronic circuit analysis and multi-simulation. This is a great fundamental source for learn objects in the field of electronics.

2011-03-01

324

Virtual Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The website for the Virtual Laboratory contains a bold and direct statement: "Conventional teaching all too often accepts memorization and pattern recognition as true learning" After reading this statement, it makes sense that the goal of this site is "to help students to recognize, confront, correct, and expand their understanding of subject or a technique." The site contains five different sets of course materials that use interactive materials, short quizzes, and embedded demonstrations to assist students and teachers alike. One set of materials that should not be missed is in the Teaching & Learning Biology area. Here visitors will find links, fact sheets, and pedagogical suggestions for teaching a college-level biology course. Moving on, the Chemistry, Life, the Universe and Everything section contains a new perspective on how to reform the garden-variety general chemistry course.

2012-04-27

325

Cooperative Health Occupation Education (Course Outline), Body Structure and Function II: 8009.09.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|GRADES OR AGES: Grade Twelve. SUBJECT MATTER: This is the second part of a two-part course on body structure and function. The subject matter includes organization, composition, and all the systems of the human body. Laboratory experiments related to first aid are also covered. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The guide contains a preface, a…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

326

To Grasp or Not to Grasp: Infants' Actions toward Objects and Pictures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We conducted two experiments to address questions over whether 9-month-old infants believe that objects depicted in realistic photographs can be picked up. In Experiment 1, we presented 9-month-old infants with realistic color photographs of objects, colored outlines of objects, abstract colored "blobs," and blank pages. Infants most commonly…

Ziemer, Christine J.; Plumert, Jodie M.; Pick, Anne D.

2012-01-01

327

The Well-Wrought Broken Hammer: Object-Oriented Literary Criticism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article sketches the outlines of an object-oriented literary criticism, contrasting it with several familiar critical schools. We begin with a summary of two new philosophical trends: speculative realism and object-oriented philosophy. The latter approach offers new arguments for the autonomy of objects from their relations, and allows us to consider whether various approaches to literature do justice to this

Graham Harman

2012-01-01

328

A functional neuroimaging study of the variables that generate category-specific object processing differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Brain damage can cause remarkably selective deficits in processing specific categories of objects, indicating the high degree of functional segregation within the brain. The neuroimaging study presented here investigates differences in the neural activity associated with two categories of natural objects (animals and fruit) and two categories of man-made objects (vehicles and tools). Stimuli were outline drawings and the

Caroline J. Moore; Cathy J. Price

1999-01-01

329

SAFETY ISSUES IN AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION LABORATORIES: A SYNTHESIS OF RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of this investigation were to synthesize research related to safety in agricultural education laboratories and to identify areas of deficiency in laboratory safety-related research. Findings showed that research in this area is primarily a mixture of descriptive, survey, and experimental research. Most laboratory research has been focused on agricultural mechanics laboratories. Studies revealed that agricultural education laboratories are

James E. Dyer; Randall J. Andreasen

330

Object localization in cluttered acoustical environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In nature, sounds from objects of interest arrive at the ears accompanied by sound waves from other actively emitting objects\\u000a and by reflections off of nearby surfaces. Despite the fact that all of these waveforms sum at the eardrums, humans with normal\\u000a hearing effortlessly segregate one sound source from another. Our laboratory is investigating the neural basis of this perceptual

T. T. Takahashi; C. H. Keller; B. S. Nelson; M. W. Spitzer; A. D. S. Bala; E. A. Whitchurch

2008-01-01

331

Automation Laboratory Development Enhances Student Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper describes experiments and course content associated with an upgraded course in Automated Production Systems. The objective of the Automation Laboratory is to provide experiential learning opportunities, while at the same time providing exposure to real world industrial automation equipment and tools. Included in the paper is a description of the content and objectives of each laboratory session and a description of the hardware platforms used to accomplish the laboratory exercises.

Farrow, David; Lemaster, Robert

2012-01-09

332

Bridging Laboratory and Astronomy - Introduction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objectives of this 3-day Meeting-in-a-Meeting (MiM) are to expand on the series of meetings that was successfully initiated by the Working Group on Laboratory Astrophysics (WGLA) at last year's summer meeting to promote and increase the interaction between the laboratory astrophysics and the astronomy/planetary communities. This Meeting-in-a-Meeting is devoted to the interplay between laboratory astrophysics and IR, FIR and Submm astronomy. The sessions will discuss current and future missions and facilities that operate in this domain and their laboratory astrophysics needs. Astronomy is an observational science detecting photons generated by atomic, molecular, and solid-state physics and chemistry. The astrophysically motivated studies, which consist of both laboratory experiments and theoretical calculations, are collectively known as laboratory astrophysics. This Meeting-in-a-Meeting will consist of six sessions that will discuss the nature and evolution of molecules, dust and ices from stellar and planetary formation regions to circumstellar, planetary nebulae and diffuse ISM environments to comets and planets. The sessions map the sub areas of laboratory astrophysics in the IR, FIR and Submm domains and cover the study of molecules, dust and ices. Each session will include talks focusing on major mission projects and key data needs, related experimental and theoretical work, all illustrating the important role of laboratory astrophysics in support of current and future missions and facilities. An associated poster session on astronomical observations and laboratory astrophysics of molecules, dust and ices runs for 3 days.

Salama, Farid

2009-05-01

333

DOLIB: Distributed Object Library.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the use and implementation of DOLIB (Distributed Object Library), a library of routines that emulates global or virtual shared memory on Intel multiprocessor systems. Access to a distributed global array is through explicit calls to ...

E. F. D'Azevedo C. H. Romine

1994-01-01

334

Radiation from hard objects  

SciTech Connect

The inference of the diameter of hard objects is insensitive to radiation efficiency. Deductions of radiation efficiency from observations are very sensitive - possibly overly so. Inferences of the initial velocity and trajectory vary similarly, and hence are comparably sensitive.

Canavan, G.H.

1997-02-01

335

Moving Objects Indexing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For querying large amounts of moving objects, a key problem is to create efficient indexing structures that make it possible to effectively answer various types of queries. Traditional spatial indexing approaches cannot be used because the locations of moving objects are highly dynamic, which leads to frequent updates of index structures, which in turn will cause huge overheads. In this chapter, we first introduce a few of the underlying spatial index structures including the R-tree, Grid File, and Quad-tree. Then, we propose the indexing methods for moving objects in Euclidean space and in spatial networks. Finally, we describe techniques that index the past, present, and anticipated future positions of moving objects.

Chen, Jidong; Meng, Xiaofeng

336

Preservation of Digital Objects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a literature review that covers the following topics related to preservation of digital objects: practical examples; stakeholders; recordkeeping standards; genre-specific problems; trusted repository standards; preservation methods; preservation metadata standards; and future directions. (Contains 82 references.) (MES)|

Galloway, Patricia

2004-01-01

337

Safety in the SEM laboratory--1981 update  

SciTech Connect

The article reviews recent information on hazards as they relate to safety in SEM laboratories. The first section lists the safety equipment that should be available in a SEM laboratory. Flammable and combustible liquids are discussed, and particular warnings are given concerning the fire and explosion risks associated with diethyl ether and diisopropyl ether. The possible hazards associated with electrical equipment, and the risk of X-ray emissions from EM's are briefly outlined. The hazards associated with acute and chronic toxicity of chemicals used in the EM laboratory are discussed. The need to reduce exposure to a growing list of recognizable hazardous chemicals is emphasized. This reduction can be accomplished by more extensive use of functioning fume hoods, and the use of more appropriate and effective protective gloves. Allergies and the hazards of dangerous pathogens in the SEM laboratory are discussed. The explosion and other hazards associated with cryogens, vacuum evaporators, critical point dryers, and compressed gas cylinders are emphasized.

Bance, G.N.; Barber, V.C.; Sholdice, J.A.

1981-01-01

338

Objections to Bayesian statistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bayesian inference is one of the more controversial approaches to statistics. The\\u000afundamental objections to Bayesian methods are twofold: on one hand, Bayesian methods are\\u000apresented as an automatic inference engine, and this raises suspicion in anyone with\\u000aapplied experience. The second objection to Bayes comes from the opposite direction and\\u000aaddresses the subjective strand of Bayesian inference. This article

Andrew Gelman

2008-01-01

339

Tracking unique objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is content addressable in the representation that subserves performance in multiple-object-tracking (MOT) experiments? We\\u000a devised an MOT variant that featured unique, nameable objects (cartoon animals) as stimuli. There were two possible response\\u000a modes: standard, in which observers were asked to report the locations of all target items, and specific, in which observers\\u000a had to report the location of a particular

Todd S. Horowitz; Sarah B. Klieger; David E. Fencsik; Kevin K. Yang; George A. Alvarez; Jeremy M. Wolfe

2007-01-01

340

Medication as object.  

PubMed

People experience and treat medication as though it were a person: in other words, as an object. Among the many symbolic meanings attributed to medication, this sort of personification, or object representation, is a meaning that medication is uniquely positioned to contain and convey: imbued with intentionality and influence, medication moves beyond the sphere of static, iconic representation and enters the changeable, dynamic object world of action, aim, and agency. Unlike more generic or stereotypic meanings, object representations attributed to medication may reflect the patient's specific dynamics and object relations. These representations are many and mutable, and take on shifting and overlapping forms that evolve with the analytic process. Medication may represent a third person within the framework of an analytic treatment, expanding the analytic dyad into a triad and offering new transference paradigms to explore. The defensive displacement of transferential qualities and attitudes, or split-off parts thereof, from the analyst onto medication can serve as a powerful resistance to the awareness of the transference to the analyst. Clinical examples illustrate the utility and importance of the analysis of medication as object, for both patient and analyst, with particular attention to the transference. PMID:17009655

Tutter, Adele

2006-01-01

341

Development of a particulate control cyclocentrifuge. Phase II: laboratory tests. Test plan  

SciTech Connect

A study recently completed as Phase I effort predicts that a device combining the principles of a centrifuge with a cyclone, termed the CYCLOCENTRIFUGE, can provide a sufficient degree of gas-cleanup at high temperature and pressure to meet the most stringent particle-removal specifications for a very difficult application - the cleanup of gas turbine fuels. The objective of the present phase of this contract, Phase II, was to construct and test a Cyclocentrifuge laboratory model for the purpose of verifying the analytical predictions made in Phase I. Because of budget and schedule limitations, only one laboratory Cyclocentrifuge unit was manufactured. Based on design study reviews, the requirement for unquestionable mechanical integrity was given priority over the desire to achieve a design which would incorporate means for adjusting the orientation and location of key aerodynamic components. This resulted in a manufacturing process whereby the swirl augmentation rotor was machined from a forging and welded to rigid support hubs. For the laboratory model, this manufacturing approach was found also to be the lowest cost procedure. Although the selected manufacturing approach eliminates uncertainties with respect to component alignment, potential loose parts, and joint stresses, use of this design in a test program will not determine the optimum Cyclocentrifuge design parameters. However, the prime Phase II test objective - which is to prove the Cyclocentrifuge separation principle - will be achieved by the test plan outlined below.

Albrecht, P.R.

1978-07-07

342

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Review: Volume 24, No. 2, 1991  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is a multiprogram, multipurpose laboratory that conducts research in the physical, chemical, and life sciences; in fusion, fission, and fossil energy; and in energy conservation and other energy-related technologies. This review outlines some current endeavors of the lab. A state of the laboratory presentation is given by director, Alvin Trivelpiece. Research of single crystals for welding is described. The Science Alliance, a partnership between ORNL and the University of Tennessee, is chronicled. And several incites into distinguished personnel at the laboratory are given. (GHH)

Krause, C. (ed.)

1991-01-01

343

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Review: Volume 24, No. 2, 1991  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is a multiprogram, multipurpose laboratory that conducts research in the physical, chemical, and life sciences; in fusion, fission, and fossil energy; and in energy conservation and other energy-related technologies. This review outlines some current endeavors of the lab. A state of the laboratory presentation is given by director, Alvin Trivelpiece. Research of single crystals for welding is described. The Science Alliance, a partnership between ORNL and the University of Tennessee, is chronicled. And several incites into distinguished personnel at the laboratory are given. (GHH)

Krause, C. [ed.

1991-12-31

344

Invariance and Objectivity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific knowledge should not only be true, it should be as objective as possible. It should refer to a reality independent of any subject. What can we use as a criterion of objectivity? Intersubjectivity (i.e., intersubjective understandability and intersubjective testability) is necessary, but not sufficient. Other criteria are: independence of reference system, independence of method, non-conventionality. Is there some common trait? Yes, there is: invariance under some specified transformations. Thus, we say: A proposition is objective only if its truth is invariant against a change in the conditions under which it was formulated. We give illustrations from geometry, perception, neurobiology, relativity theory, and quantum theory. Such an objectivist position has many advantages.

Vollmer, Gerhard

2010-10-01

345

Simulation of primordial objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The chemical rate network responsible for the formation of molecular hydrogen was incorporated into an N-body hydrodynamic code, in order to study the formation of the first cosmological objects at redshifts between 10 and 50. The implementation of the chemical and cooling processes was tested by comparing top hat simulations with theoretical predictions from a semi-analytic model and was in good agreement. One objective was to determine the minimum mass (MSG(z)) of perturbations that could become self-gravitating (a prerequisite for star formation), and the redshift at which this occurred. Cosmological simulations with realistic initial conditions produced primordial objects that became self-gravitating at redshifts in agreement with the MSG( z) results from the top hat simulations. The rotation of the core gas was directly related to its mass, indicating that greater mass was required to reach the self-gravitating state in the presence of rotational support. The universal fraction of self-gravitating gas increased from 10-4 at z = 23 to 5 x 10-3 at z = 10, and provides an upper constraint on the efficiency of early star formation. Simulations have been performed of supernovae explosions in spherically symmetric test objects, and in realistic primordial objects. These simulations indicated that even one supernova can remove a substantial amount of the gas from the parent object. The removal of this gas caused a drop in the depth of the gravitational potential well, which subsequently produced a drop in the kinetic energy and the density profile of the dark matter halo, but it did remain intact. Supernovae were found to have little kinetic effect on neighbouring objects. The photoionizing radiation produced by a supernova and its progenitor star created conditions ideal for rapid H2 formation after the photoionization ceased. This caused neighbouring objects to form self-gravitating cores somewhat sooner than they otherwise would have. A method for incorporating radiative transfer into smoothed particle hydrodynamics was developed and tested under some simple conditions.

Fuller, Todd Michael

2001-09-01

346

Optical and Ultraviolet Observations of Herbig-Haro Objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent optical and ultraviolet (IUE) observations of Herbig-Haro objects are reviewed. The range of emission line ratios occurring in different H-H objects is discussed and compared with the standard shock wave excitation models. The problems with the unusual spectra of some extreme "low excitation" objects are outlined. New continuum measurements are presented and interpreted in terms of the two-photon hypothesis. A number of fundamental parameters derived from spectrophotometric data are discussed. Of special interest are the masses which cover a surprisingly small range of values and the "luminosities" which after including the UV radiation turn out to be surprisingly high.

Bohm, K. H.

1983-08-01

347

Conceptual object-oriented design  

SciTech Connect

Conceptual object-oriented design (COOD) is a methodology that is being used at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to study, plan, specify, and document high-level solutions to large-scale information processing problems. COOD embodies aspects of object-oriented program design philosophy (which is being applied to the implementation design of software) to provide enhanced tools and techniques for conceptual design. COOD is targeted at the phase of software development following requirements analysis and prior to implementation or detailed design. This step is necessary, particularly for large-scale information processing systems to achieve the following: allow designers to conceptually work out solutions to information processing problems where innovative thinking is required, allow a structured environment in which to capture design products, and provide a global view of the conceptual solution in an understandable form to the implementors of the solution. This will facilitate their detailed design efforts. The product of COOD is a conceptual design specification.'' This specification is delivered to an implementation team to assist the detailed design process, yet is not a software specification in and of itself.

Whiting, M.A.

1990-10-01

348

Correlation between variability of hand-outlined segmentation drawn by experts and local features of underlying image: a neuronal approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Detection of contours in biomedical imags is quite often an a priori step to quantification. Using computer facilities, it is now straightforward for a medical expert to draw boundaries around regions of interest. However, accuracy of drawing is an issue, which is rarely addressed although it may be a crucial point when for example one looks for local evolution of boundaries on a series of images. The aim of our study is to correlate the local accuracy of experts' outlines with local features of the underlying image to allow meaningful comparisons of boundaries. Local variability of experts' outlines has been characterized by deriving a set of distances between outlines repeatedly drawn on the same image. Local features of underlying images were extracted from 64 by 64 pixel windows. We have used a two-stage neural network approach in order to deal with complexity of data within windows and to correlate their features with local variability of outlines. Our method has been applied to the quantification of the progression of the Cytomegalovirus infection as observed from a series of retinal angiograms in patients with AIDS. Reconstruction of new windows from the set of primitives obtained from the GHA network shows that the method preserves desired features. Accuracy of the border of infection is properly predicted and allows to generate confidence envelope around every hand-outlined.

Brahmi, Djamel; Cassoux, Nathalie; Serruys, Camille; Giron, Alain; Lehoang, Phuc; Fertil, Bernard

1999-03-01

349

Objects in Motion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objects in motion attract children. The following activity helps children explore the motion of bodies riding in a vehicle and safely demonstrates the answer to their questions, "Why do I need a seatbelt?" Children will enjoy moving the cup around, even if all they "see" is a cup rather than understanding it represents a car. They will understand…

Ashbrook, Peggy

2008-01-01

350

On indexing mobile objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show how to index mobile objects in one and two di- mensions using efficient dynamic external memory data structures. The problem is motivated by real life appli- cations in traffic monitoring, intelligent navigation and mobile communications domains. For the l-dimensional case, we give (i) a dynamic, external memory algo- rithm with guaranteed worst case performance and lin- ear space

George Kollios; Dimitrios Gunopulos; Vassilis J. Tsotras

1999-01-01

351

Constructing objective tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

True-false or multiple-choice tests can be useful instruments for evaluating student progress. We examine strategies for planning objective tests which serve to test the material covered in science (physics) courses. We also examine strategies for writing questions for tests within a test blueprint. The statistical basis for judging the quality of test items are discussed. Reliability, difficulty, and discrimination indices

Gordon J. Aubrecht; Judith D. Aubrecht

1983-01-01

352

On Defining Educational Objectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of taxonomies of educational objectives are described, including: (1) cognitive taxonomies by Bloom, Guilford, Gagne and Merrill, Gerlach and Sullivan, and DeBlock; (2) affective taxonomies by Karthwohl and Raven; (3) psychomotor taxonomies by Ragsdale, Simpson, and Harrow; and (4) D'Hainaut's integration of the other models. (GDC)

De Landsheere, Viviane

1977-01-01

353

Behavioral Objectives Vs. Transactions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Agrees with George Henry in noting that it is about time that state departments of education and local school leaders really take a look at the whole complex learner in the whole complex setting and realize that fragmented bits (behavioral objectives) do not make an educated person. (HOD)|

Robinson, H. Alan

1986-01-01

354

Metastable exotic multihypernuclear objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Relativistic heavy ion collisions constitute a prolific source of hyperons: tens of hyperons per event are predicted at energies E>=10 GeV/nucleon, providing a scenario for the formation of metastable exotic multihypernuclear objects. They may exhibit exceptional properties: bound neutral (e.g., 4M2n2?, 10M8n2?, pure ? droplets, 8?) and even negatively charged composites objects with positive baryon number (e.g., 4M-2n2?, 6M-2n2?2?) could be formed in rare events. Such negative nuclei can easily be identified in a magnetic spectrometer. They could be considerably more abundant than antinuclei of the same A. We use the relativistic meson-baryon field theory-which gives an excellent description of normal nuclear and single-? hypernuclear properties-to calculate the rich spectrum of such exotic objects, their stability, and their structure. We also find solutions for a large variety of bound short-lived nuclei (e.g., 8M-2p2n2?,2?), which may decay strongly via formation of cascade (?) particles. Multi-? hypernuclei are also evaluated. A variety of potential candidates for such metastable exotic nuclei is presented. It turns out that the properties of such exotic multihypernuclear objects reveal quite similar features as the strangelet proposed as a unique signature for quark-gluon plasma formation in heavy ion collisions.

Schaffner, Jürgen; Greiner, Carsten; Stöcker, Horst

1992-07-01

355

Objects and Classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter covers the how to:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Create objects and access properties.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Use the dynamic Object object.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Loop over objects.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Create a custom class and its methods and properties.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Define constructors and getter\\/setter methods.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Use packages and access modifiers.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Take advantage inheritance and override methods.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Now that you have an understanding of the fundamentals

Steve Webster; Todd Yard

356

Floating Object Recovery Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study was conducted to determine a method to recover floating objects from the surface of the ocean. Model test tank investigations conducted at Stevens Institute of generating a localized flow field which would refract waves were investigated for a pos...

R. J. Helgeson

1970-01-01

357

Objects in Motion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objects in motion attract children. The following activity helps children explore the motion of bodies riding in a vehicle and safely demonstrates the answer to their questions, "Why do I need a seatbelt?" Children will enjoy moving the cup around, even if all they "see" is a cup rather than understanding it represents a car. They will understand…

Ashbrook, Peggy

2008-01-01

358

Objectives in the humanities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article seeks to clear a way for the discovery of a mode of describing objectives which would be more suitable to humanities subjects. Some weak points in previous attempts to do this are analysed, and some of the major problems of the field are presented. (Author)|

Chanan, G.

1974-01-01

359

The New Photographic Objective  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE letter of Sir Howard Grubb in your issue of March 8 (p. 439) appears to make some further explanation desirable on my part. The invention of the new form of photographic objective seems to have been made about the same time in America and in England. An experimental lens of this kind was constructed by the Messrs. Clark, after

Edward C. Pickering

1888-01-01

360

Occlusion resistant object tracking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Object tracking with occlusion prediction using multiple feature correspondences is proposed. The tracking region is defined by a set of point features, tracked using Kanade-Lucas-Tomasi (1991) algorithm. During total occlusion the region position is estimated using motion prediction based on a Kalman filtering scheme applied to the motion model prior to occlusion. During partial occlusion the displacements of the occluded

Evangelos Loutas; Ioannis Pitas; Konstantinos I. Diamantaras

2001-01-01

361

The German infrared laboratory GIRL  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Design features, performance specifications, and intended missions of the German IR laboratory (GIRL) to be flown on the Spacelab payload carried by the Shuttle are outlined. The entire telescope and all focal plane instruments will be cooled to at or below 10 K. The 50 cm telescope will carry four focal plane instruments: a camera for mapping extended regions, a photopolarimeter for surveying active galaxies in the 5-300 microns wavelength interval, an Ebert-Fastie spectrometer for limb scanning the earth's atmosphere, and a Michelson interferometer for studying fine structure lines of H II/H I region and rotational lines of molecular clouds in interstellar space. The cryostat has been built and tested for zero-g conditions and a 7-day holding period for the He has been demonstrated. The first flight is scheduled for 1986/1987.

Lemke, D.

362

Procedure Manuals for the Comparative Systems Laboratory Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The report deals with experiments in testing and evaluation of an information retrieval system within the Comparative Systems Laboratory (CSL). Section I outlines the approach and the general methodology developed in CSL, the operational design of the experiments, the construction and use of the manuals, and the general significance of the…

Saracevic, Tefko, Ed.; Rothenberg, Leslie, Ed.

363

Photoelectric injector designs at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

We will describe the photoelectric injector design philosophy and capabilities at Los Alamos National Laboratory. We will discuss our simulation ability and general considerations to minimize the space-charge and rf emittance growths. In particular, we will also outline a high frequency design without magnetic bunching and a low frequency design with magnetic bunching.

Carlsten, B.E.; Sheffield, R.L.; McVey, B.D.

1990-01-01

364

Laboratory testing of displacement and load induced fretting  

Microsoft Academic Search

A conceptually new simulation system for the laboratory investigation of fretting wear is described. Fretting vibrations are generated either directly by oscillating a linear relative displacement device of constant stroke between the contacting bodies or indirectly by oscillating the applied contact load resulting in a cyclic radial expansion of the contact zone. The principles of both actuation mechanisms are outlined

H. Mohrbacher; J.-P. Celis; J. R. Roos

1995-01-01

365

Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories is a multiprogram engineering laboratory that serves the nation through the Department of Energy (DOE), both in its programs and those of other agencies. Major research and development responsibilities cover nuclear weapons, arms control, energy, environment and other areas of strategic importance to national security. The principal mission is to support national defense policies by ensuring that the nuclear weapon stockpile meets the highest standards of safety, security, control and military performance. In May of 1968, the Albuquerque Office of DOE (then AEC) assigned the Quality Assurance function to Sandia Laboratories on all products for which Sandia has design responsibility. The Sandia Quality Improvement Plan presents a Quality Management System that integrates the Sandia quality policies and several independent improvement processes into a cohesive structure. This structure guides day-to-day operations toward strategic objectives. The Sandia Quality Policy provides the underlying principles for the management of our research and engineering efforts and establishes our customers as the central focus of our Sandia quality improvement efforts. Operationally, these efforts are centered around quality improvement processes based on good management practices developed by AT T, and progress is measured against the Malcolm Baldridge National Quality Award criteria. Developing a comprehensive plan based on these processes requires that we determine where we are, where we want to be, and how we measure our progress. 1 fig. (JF)

Not Available

1991-01-01

366

Laboratory microfusion capability study  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to elucidate the issues involved in developing a Laboratory Microfusion Capability (LMC) which is the major objective of the Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) program within the purview of the Department of Energy's Defense Programs. The study was initiated to support a number of DOE management needs: to provide insight for the evolution of the ICF program; to afford guidance to the ICF laboratories in planning their research and development programs; to inform Congress and others of the details and implications of the LMC; to identify criteria for selection of a concept for the Laboratory Microfusion Facility and to develop a coordinated plan for the realization of an LMC. As originally proposed, the LMC study was divided into two phases. The first phase identifies the purpose and potential utility of the LMC, the regime of its performance parameters, driver independent design issues and requirements, its development goals and requirements, and associated technical, management, staffing, environmental, and other developmental and operational issues. The second phase addresses driver-dependent issues such as specific design, range of performance capabilities, and cost. The study includes four driver options; the neodymium-glass solid state laser, the krypton fluoride excimer gas laser, the light-ion accelerator, and the heavy-ion induction linear accelerator. The results of the Phase II study are described in the present report.

Not Available

1993-05-01

367

The use of an optical outlining system for weekly on-set verification of patients with carcinoma of the breast.  

PubMed

The installation of an optical outlining system on both a simulator and treatment unit has enabled patient cross-sectional outlines to be measured throughout a radical treatment period of 5 weeks. Two studies were conducted to assess the reproducibility of positioning in treatments for breast carcinoma. The first study assessed changes in outline for 23 patients treated on a home-made tilt-board. Seven patients (32%) displayed a change in shape in excess of 1 cm during the course of treatment, which could have significant dosimetric consequences. The second study focused on the reproducibility of set-up using different tilt-boards. This included a further 19 patients treated using a commercial board, which is now in routine use. PMID:9488133

Casebow, M P; Harris, R L; Jarvis, R J

1998-01-01

368

Comparison of geometric morphometric outline methods in the discrimination of age-related differences in feather shape  

PubMed Central

Background Geometric morphometric methods of capturing information about curves or outlines of organismal structures may be used in conjunction with canonical variates analysis (CVA) to assign specimens to groups or populations based on their shapes. This methodological paper examines approaches to optimizing the classification of specimens based on their outlines. This study examines the performance of four approaches to the mathematical representation of outlines and two different approaches to curve measurement as applied to a collection of feather outlines. A new approach to the dimension reduction necessary to carry out a CVA on this type of outline data with modest sample sizes is also presented, and its performance is compared to two other approaches to dimension reduction. Results Two semi-landmark-based methods, bending energy alignment and perpendicular projection, are shown to produce roughly equal rates of classification, as do elliptical Fourier methods and the extended eigenshape method of outline measurement. Rates of classification were not highly dependent on the number of points used to represent a curve or the manner in which those points were acquired. The new approach to dimensionality reduction, which utilizes a variable number of principal component (PC) axes, produced higher cross-validation assignment rates than either the standard approach of using a fixed number of PC axes or a partial least squares method. Conclusion Classification of specimens based on feather shape was not highly dependent of the details of the method used to capture shape information. The choice of dimensionality reduction approach was more of a factor, and the cross validation rate of assignment may be optimized using the variable number of PC axes method presented herein.

Sheets, H David; Covino, Kristen M; Panasiewicz, Joanna M; Morris, Sara R

2006-01-01

369

Audio-Visual Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we offer a theory of cross-modal objects. To begin, we discuss two kinds of linkages between vision and audition.\\u000a The first is a duality. The the visual system detects and identifies surfaces; the auditory system detects and identifies sources. Surfaces are illuminated by sources of light; sound is reflected off surfaces. However, the visual system discounts sources

Michael Kubovy; Michael Schutz

2010-01-01

370

Constructing objective tests  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Trueâfalse or multiple-choice tests can be useful instruments for evaluating student progress. We examine strategies for planning objective tests which serve to test the material covered in science (physics) courses. We also examine strategies for writing questions for tests within a test blueprint. The statistical basis for judging the quality of test items are discussed. Reliability, difficulty, and discrimination indices are defined and examples presented. Our recommendations are rather easily put into practice.

Aubrecht Ii., Gordon J.; Aubrecht, Judith

2005-10-11

371

Object relations couple therapy.  

PubMed

The authors describe Fairbairn's view of the personality as a system of parts of self and object in dynamic relation, formed in the context of dependent early relationships and replayed in the intensely intimate and physical relationship of marriage. Through Klein's concept of projective identification, a spouse finds lost parts of the self in the partner, where they may flourish and be reintegrated into the self or they may be held hostage. Marriage is an opportunity for reworking the dynamic relation of parts of the self as they are modified through mutual unconscious interaction with the spouse, but it may become a closed system that inhibits growth of the individual partners. Object relations couple therapy aims to breach the closed system of the unhappy marriage, and offers an enlarged space for understanding that encourages the spouses to provide a better holding environment for each other. Not directive, didactic or symptom-focused, object relations therapy values affect, silence, body language, fantasy, dreams, and transference phenomena as necessary for reaching the unconscious in order to achieve insight. The object relations therapist interprets defenses against anxieties that underlie repetitive patterns of unhelpful behavior, and works toward understanding. As the clinical vignettes show, therapists use countertransference to understand the couple's shared transference from inside their experience. The engine of therapeutic change in this model is the therapist's self. The process of therapy improves the couple's capacity for containing each other's projections instead of refusing to resonate with them or being overtaken by them to the detriment of the self. A cycle of regression and progression in the couple's ability for containment is found as therapy proceeds. The goal of therapy is to enable the projective and introjective identificatory system of the marriage to function with greater concern for the other and respect for the self. PMID:9196784

Scharff, J S; Scharff, D E

1997-01-01

372

POLDER instrument: mission objectives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Polarization and directionality of Earth reflectances (POLDER) is an optical imaging radiometer developed by CNES for flight on NASA's ADEOS mission (launch date 1995). It is a wide field of view (50 degree(s)) and moderate spatial resolution (6 km) instrument, giving an almost daily coverage of the Earth. It gives access to the bidirectional reflectance and polarization distribution functions (BRDFs and BPDFs) by acquiring, for a given target, measurements in variable viewing configurations along the track of the satellite. These measurements are acquired in nine spectral bands of the visible-near infrared spectrum, and at three polarization angles at 443, 665, and 865 nm. Its main scientific objectives are: (1) tropospheric aerosols -- determination of the characteristics of the aerosols; (2) ocean color -- accurate determination of the sea surface reflectances, due in particular to improved capabilities of atmospheric corrections; (3) land surface -- determination of surface BRDFs and improvement of the correction of surface bidirectional effects and atmospheric effects on vegetation indices; (4) Earth radiation budget and clouds -- determination of clouds BRDF and classification of clouds according to bidirectional radiative properties, but also on cloud altitude and phase. The objective of the paper is to present and discuss these mission objectives.

Deschamps, P. Y.; Herman, M.; Podaire, A.; Ratier, A.

1992-12-01

373

Object of the Day  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt Design Museum is closed for renovation until 2014. Until then, visit this website to "Discover a different object from the Museum's collection every day of the week!" Items range from a 1938 catalog of linoleum and cork flooring, The Armstrong Pattern Book, to scratch and sniff wallpaper designed by Michael Angelo and produced by Flavor Paper in 2007. Information about each object is presented blog-post style, with a short essay, images, and tags that link to related information. For example, the entry for Saturday June 22, 2013, titled Two Rooks, is about a a ceramic tile made at Rookwood Pottery in Cincinnati, Ohio between 1903 and 1913. There a short essay about the tile by Cynthia E. Smith, one of the curators, and clicking the author's name retrieves all of her posts. Other tags include the subject area Arts and Crafts, the style of the piece, and Cincinnati, where it was made. There's also a link to click through to the full collection record for the tile, with the object's location, acquisition information, and color palette.

374

Quality assurance plan for the Objective Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) project  

SciTech Connect

This document establishes the Quality Assurance Plan (QAP) for the National Guard Bureau Objective Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) project activities under the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) management. It defines the requirements and assigns responsibilities for ensuring, with a high degree of confidence, that project objectives will be achieved as planned. The QAP outlined herein is responsive to and meets the Quality Assurance Program standards for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corporation and ORNL and the ORNL Computing, Robotics, and Education Directorate (CRE). This document is intended to be in compliance with DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance Program, and the ORNL Standard Practice Procedure, SPP X-QA-8, Quality Assurance for ORNL Computing Software. This standard allows individual organizations to apply the stated requirements in a flexible manner suitable to the type of activity involved. Section I of this document provides an introduction to the OSCAR project QAP; Sections 2 and 3 describe the specific aspects of quality assurance as applicable to the OSCAR project. Section 4 describes the project approach to risk management. The Risk Management Matrix given in Appendix A is a tool to assess, prioritize, and prevent problems before they occur. Therefore, the matrix will be reviewed and revised on a periodic basis.

Stewart, K.A.; Rasch, K.A.; Reid, R.W.

1996-11-01

375

The galactic center: The ideal laboratory for studying supermassive black holes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Galactic Center constitutes the best astrophysical evidence for the existence of black holes, and it is the ideal laboratory for studying physics in the vicinity of such objects. The combination of infrared observations of three dimensional orbits of stars within the central light days and the extreme compactness and motionlessness of the radio-counterpart of the gravitational center have shown beyond any reasonable doubt that the Galactic Center harbors a supermassive black hole. The flaring activity from the black hole gives first insights to the physical processes close to the last stable orbit. Here I review the current state of observations and theory of the Galactic Center black hole and give an update on the latest results. I also outline the next steps towards even higher angular resolution observations, which give promise to directly probe the physics and space-time curvature just outside the event horizon.

Eisenhauer, Frank

2010-01-01

376

Nuisance Wildlife Education and Prevention Plan for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This document outlines a plan for management of nuisance wildlife at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Nuisance wildlife management includes wildlife population control through hunting, trapping, removal, and habitat manipulation; wildlife damage control; and law enforcement. This plan covers the following subjects: (1) roles and responsibilities of individuals, groups, and agencies; (2) the general protocol for reducing nuisance wildlife problems; and (3) species-specific methodologies for resolving nuisance wildlife management issues for mammals, birds, snakes, and insects. Achievement of the objectives of this plan will be a joint effort between the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency (TWRA); U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)-Wildlife Services (WS); and ORNL through agreements between TWRA and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE); DOE and UT-Battelle, LLC; and UT-Battelle, LLC; and USDA, APHIS-WS.

Giffen, Neil R [ORNL

2007-05-01

377

Laboratory Work: The Teachers' Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We describe a case study of an in-service professional development project with four experienced biology teachers in two upper secondary schools. The objective was to better understand the role of laboratory work (labwork) in science education with a special emphasis on assessment. Research questions include the following: 1. What does the…

Ottander, Christina; Grelsson, Gunnel

2006-01-01

378

[Colors and their meaning in culture and psychology--a historical outline and contemporary status of color vision theories].  

PubMed

The mechanism of color perception has intrigued scholars from antiquity. However, the understanding of this phenomena only came with the recognition of the nature of light and visual perception. Ancient concepts, present in science until the Renaissance, were based more on philosophical considerations and theoretical speculations than on anatomical studies and a matter-of-fact assessment of physiological functions of the visual system. From antiquity to 17th century scientific approach to the concept of vision was dominated by two theories: intromission and extramission (emanation). Intromission theory, propagated by Alhazen (lbn al.-Haythama), Vitello, John Peckham, Roger Bacon and Leonardo da Vinci, assumed that the light was transmitted from the observed object perpendicularly to the transparent eye structures. Johannes Kepler was the first scholar to propose that the retina was the receptive part of the eye. In the first half of the 17th century, Kepler's groundbreaking optical achievements and anatomical discoveries of many other scientists cast new light on the understanding of the role of different eye structures, finally wiping out the intromission theory. A further major achievement contributing to the recognition of the true nature of colors was a theory presented by Newton in 1688. He argued that they were colored rays, and not white light, that were composed of homogenous and pure light. It was, however, not until the 19th century when two modern theories of color appeared, i.e. a trichromatic theory mostly associated with the names of Young and Hemlholtz, and an opponent colors theory of Hering. In the 20th century, the two theories--previously assumed as contradictory--were joined into the zone theories of color vision. Colors have their cultural and social meanings, as far as a very individual and personal interpretation. In the former function they are used to illustrate some cultural and sociological phenomena; in the latter, they are helpful in psychological analyses of patients. The paper outlines major historical concepts of color perception and the present usefulness of color vision tests in psychology. PMID:18669099

Grzybowski, Andrzej; Lewicka, Romana; Torli?ska, Teresa; Stelcer, Bogus?aw

2008-01-01

379

Perception and the art of depiction of cylindrical objects.  

PubMed

Many works of art, notably those in the Byzantine tradition, contain depictions of upright cylindrical objects such that the outline of their top surfaces is incompatible with that of their bottom surfaces. We endeavour to elucidate whether this is a consequence of a painterly usage or a perceptual effect and conclude, on the basis of empirical evidence, that the latter cause is more likely. PMID:19227378

Deregowski, Jan B; McGeorge, Peter

2008-01-01

380

Laboratory directed research and development  

SciTech Connect

The purposes of Argonne's Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program are to encourage the development of novel concepts, enhance the Laboratory's R D capabilities, and further the development of its strategic initiatives. Among the aims of the projects supported by the Program are establishment of engineering proof-of-principle''; development of an instrumental prototype, method, or system; or discovery in fundamental science. Several of these project are closely associated with major strategic thrusts of the Laboratory as described in Argonne's Five Year Institutional Plan, although the scientific implications of the achieved results extend well beyond Laboratory plans and objectives. The projects supported by the Program are distributed across the major programmatic areas at Argonne. Areas of emphasis are (1) advanced accelerator and detector technology, (2) x-ray techniques in biological and physical sciences, (3) advanced reactor technology, (4) materials science, computational science, biological sciences and environmental sciences. Individual reports summarizing the purpose, approach, and results of projects are presented.

Not Available

1991-11-15

381

Objectives to direct the training of emergency medicine residents in in-patient pediatrics.  

PubMed

This article outlines the objectives for a resident rotation in an in-patient pediatric service. The objectives can be successfully implemented in a 2-month sequential exposure to an in-patient ward service followed by an intensive care unit rotation in the first year of postgraduate training. These objectives are a part of a continuing series in the goals and objectives to direct emergency medicine resident training on off-service rotations. PMID:8445197

Singer, J I; Hamilton, G C

382

Nursing Objects Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Mesa Community College this large collection of material offers hands on tools and learning objects and would be of great use to nursing faculty, staff and students alike. The easy to navigate site is well organized with a topical set of links including assessments, systems, concepts, disciplines, basics and pharmacology. There is also a search box which remains displayed no matter where a user roams on the site. By navigating through the menu and choosing from topical areas like hematology, cardiac or neurological, users can then go on to explore case studies, assessments, diagnostic tools, patient teaching and much more.

2006-11-01

383

Behavioral Objectives and Related Test Items for Selected Units in Automotive Mechanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a catalog of behavioral objectives for Vocational Automotive Mechanics organized by units of instruction as listed in the State curriculum guide. Each unit contains a suggested outline of content, a goal statement, and general and specific objectives. The units taught are: introduction to the automobile; basic hand tools--fasteners and…

Hill, Richard K., Ed.; And Others

384

Learning from Objects: A Future for 21st Century Urban Arts Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this technological age, where mind and body are increasingly disconnected in the classroom, object-based learning--along with strong museum-school partnerships--provide many benefits for student learning. In this article, the author first outlines some of the special mind-body connections that object-based learning in museums affords learners…

Lasky, Dorothea

2009-01-01

385

Interim Performance Objectives. Progress Report, 3rd Quarter Fiscal Year 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains a progress report on three categories of interim performance objectives outlined by the Office of Student Financial Assistance (OSFA) in winter 1999. These objectives were to: (1) improve customer service; (2) reduce the overall cost of delivering student aid; and (3) transform the OSFA into a performance-based organization.…

Office of Student Financial Assistance (ED), Washington, DC.

386

A Course Outline for Pre-Retirement Planning and a List of References and Resources. Curriculum Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is (1) to develop an outline for a course in pre-retirement planning; (2) to provide prospective instructors with reference material and resources for further course development; and (3) to determine if additional courses in retirement planning will be needed. A principal source of information for the development of the…

Adams, Keith K.

387

Shape of the Lateral Mandibular Outline in Lemuridae: A Quantitative Analysis of Variability Using Elliptical Fourier Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

While several morphometric analyses in lemurids have focused on the craniofacial complex, the characterization of their mandibular morphology has received less attention. The mandibular outline, in lateral perspective, was quantified using elliptical Fourier analysis, in an osteological sample encompassing 189 lemurid mandibles (66 Eulemur, 51 Hapalemur, 22 Lemur and 50 Varecia), and compared using multivariate statistical techniques. The taxonomic value

Herimalala Raveloson; Yves Rumpler; Matthieu Schmittbuhl

2005-01-01

388

Local and global level-priming occurs for hierarchical stimuli composed of outlined, but not filled-in, elements  

PubMed Central

When attention is directed to the local or global level of a hierarchical stimulus, attending to that same scale of information is subsequently facilitated. This effect is called level-priming, and in its pure form, it has been dissociated from stimulus- or response-repetition priming. In previous studies, pure level-priming has been demonstrated using hierarchical stimuli composed of alphanumeric forms consisting of lines. Here, we test whether pure level-priming extends to hierarchical configurations of generic geometric forms composed of elements that can be depicted either outlined or filled-in. Interestingly, whereas hierarchical stimuli composed of outlined elements benefited from pure level-priming, for both local and global targets, those composed of filled-in elements did not. The results are not readily attributable to differences in spatial frequency content, suggesting that forms composed of outlined and filled-in elements are treated differently by attention and/or priming mechanisms. Because our results present a surprising limit on attentional persistence to scale, we propose that other findings in the attention and priming literature be evaluated for their generalizability across a broad range of stimulus classes, including outlined and filled-in depictions.

List, Alexandra; Grabowecky, Marcia; Suzuki, Satoru

2013-01-01

389

Introduction to Measurement and the Use of Scaled Instruments (Course Outline), Aviation Quality Control 1: 9225.01.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The course outline will serve as a guide to the high school student who wishes to pursue the highly exacting field of checking, gauging, and measuring parts to insure quality and reliability of the finished product. Fundamentals of dimensional metrology involving linear measurement with scaled and vernier instruments are covered in five blocks of…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

390

Learning About Families. (Course Outline; Prepared for Use in Overnight Camps of the Salvation Army.) Leader's Guide (Experimental Edition).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is one of a series of Education for Parenthood manuals developed by the Salvation Army for use in programs to prepare teenagers for parenthood or for child care careers. This volume outlines a course in parenthood education for teenagers in Salvation Army camps. The 12-unit program is intended for use with a group of 12 to 15 camp…

LeRoij, Christy; LeRoij, Frans

391

Contemporary Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics--An Annotated Bibliography and Proposed Course Outline: "Contemporary Issues in Collegiate Sports."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although sport has reached the pinnacle of success, there remain serious questions regarding the role it plays in education. An annotated bibliography of athletics and a course outline are presented with topics including: history, amateurism, violence, injuries,and the mass media. (MLW)|

Jones, Edward L.

1986-01-01

392

A Laboratory Exercise to Illustrate Increased Salivary Cortisol in Response to Three Stressful Conditions Using Competitive ELISA  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Here, we outline a laboratory exercise that uses a competitive ELISA kit to illustrate the response of salivary cortisol concentrations to three stressful conditions: presentation stress, fasting stress, and competition stress

Mark F. Haussmann (Iowa State University Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology); Carol M. Vleck (Iowa State University Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology); Eugenia S. Farrar (Iowa State University Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology)

2007-03-01

393

Eccentric compact object mergers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stellar mass compact object mergers are one of the primary sources of gravitational wave emission that the ground-based gravitational wave detection effort is targeting. Furthermore, if one or both of the compact objects are neutron stars there is promise for coincident electromagnetic emission. Detection, and more importantly extracting properties of the merging system from observations requires theoretical knowledge of the characteristics of the emission. An interesting though possibly rare class of merger events are binaries that merge with large eccentricity. They could occur in close encounters in dense cluster environments, or in a hierarchical triple system subject to Kozai resonance. The gravitational wave signals are markedly different from quasi-circular inspirals, and template-based analysis strategies may not be ideal for eccentric mergers. I will describe ongoing numerical simulations of eccentric binary black hole, black hole-neutron star and binary neutron star systems highlighting some of the interesting dynamics, as well as early results of the efficacy of a stacked, excess power search strategy.

Pretorius, Frans; East, William; Levin, Janna; McWilliams, Sean; Tai, Kai Sheng

2013-04-01

394

Objective structured clinical examination in radiology.  

PubMed

There is a growing need for introducing objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) as a part of radiology practical examinations in India. OSCE is an established, reliable, and effective multistation test for the assessment of practical professional skills in an objective and a transparent manner. In India, it has been successfully initiated and implemented in specialties like pediatrics, ophthalmology, and otolaryngology. Each OSCE station needs to have a pre-agreed "key-list" that contains a list of objective steps prepared for uniformly assessing the tasks given to students. Broadly, OSCE stations are classified as "manned" or "unmanned" stations. These stations may include procedure or pictorial or theory stations with clinical oriented contents. This article is one of a series of measures to initiate OSCE in radiology; it analyzes the attributes of OSCE stations and outlines the steps for implementing OSCE. Furthermore, important issues like the advantages of OSCE, its limitations, a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis, and the timing of introduction of OSCE in radiology are also covered. The OSCE format in radiology and its stations needs to be validated, certified, and finalized before its use in examinations. This will need active participation and contribution from the academic radiology fraternity and inputs from faculty members of leading teaching institutions. Many workshops/meetings need to be conducted. Indeed, these collaborative measures will effectively sensitize universities, examiners, organizers, faculty, and students across India to OSCE and help successfully usher in this new format in radiology practical examinations. PMID:20607015

Agarwal, Anurag; Batra, Bipin; Sood, Ak; Ramakantan, Ravi; Bhargava, Satish K; Chidambaranathan, N; Indrajit, Ik

2010-05-01

395

Object Orientated Methods in Computational Fluid Dynamics.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We outline the aims of the FOAM code, a Finite Volume Computational Fluid Dynamics code written in C++, and discuss the use of Object Orientated Programming (OOP) methods to achieve these aims. The intention when writing this code was to make it as easy as possible to alter the modelling : this was achieved by making the top level syntax of the code as close as possible to conventional mathematical notation for tensors and partial differential equations. Object orientation enables us to define classes for both types of objects, and the operator overloading possible in C++ allows normal symbols to be used for the basic operations. The introduction of features such as automatic dimension checking of equations helps to enforce correct coding of models. We also discuss the use of OOP techniques such as data encapsulation and code reuse. As examples of the flexibility of this approach, we discuss the implementation of turbulence modelling using RAS and LES. The code is used to simulate turbulent flow for a number of test cases, including fully developed channel flow and flow around obstacles. We also demonstrate the use of the code for solving structures calculations and magnetohydrodynamics.

Tabor, Gavin; Weller, Henry; Jasak, Hrvoje; Fureby, Christer

1997-11-01

396

Multiscale categorical object recognition using contour fragments.  

PubMed

Psychophysical studies [9], [17] show that we can recognize objects using fragments of outline contour alone. This paper proposes a new automatic visual recognition system based only on local contour features, capable of localizing objects in space and scale. The system first builds a class-specific codebook of local fragments of contour using a novel formulation of chamfer matching. These local fragments allow recognition that is robust to within-class variation, pose changes, and articulation. Boosting combines these fragments into a cascaded sliding-window classifier, and mean shift is used to select strong responses as a final set of detections. We show how learning can be performed iteratively on both training and test sets to boot-strap an improved classifier. We compare with other methods based on contour and local descriptors in our detailed evaluation over 17 challenging categories, and obtain highly competitive results. The results confirm that contour is indeed a powerful cue for multi-scale and multi-class visual object recognition. PMID:18550908

Shotton, Jamie; Blake, Andrew; Cipolla, Roberto

2008-07-01

397

Laser dusting of delicate objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the inception of the laser-divestment process, emphasis has focused on the treatment of reasonably durable materials. Marble, limestone, sandstone, and bronze are foremost among these. In most situations the objective of laser divestment is the removal of superficial corrosion or chemical-decomposition products. To a lesser extent laser ablation is also used to treat diverse surface problems for a spectrum of other historic and artistic substrates such as paper, vellum, ivory, paint, and plaster. Although materials of this sort are not particularly strong, their optical, thermodynamical, and mechanical properties are sufficiently propitious to enable successful laser treatment (with the exercise of precise control). There is another, quite different, cleaning problem encountered in the maintenance of museum collections. This is often referred to as "dusting" (in contrast to "divestment" or "conservation"). Vacuuming, wiping, blowing, and feather dusting are used most often to improve the cosmetic appearance of museum objects after dust and aerosols have accumulated on exposed surfaces. However, many collections include extremely friable pieces composed of feathers, fir, hair, plant fibers, or mummified skin. Conventional dusting may be impossible in such instances. From experimental observations and theoretical analyses we speculate that at very low fluxes laser-induced acoustic and electrostatic forces are responsible for the ejection of debris. Laboratory experiments demonstrated that laser dusting was effective on feathers and textiles, The practical viability of laser dusting was demonstrated by laser-cleaning two very large sand sculptures by San Diego artist C.R. Faust. In contrast, all conventional cleaning techniques damaged the surface by dislodging sand grains.

Asmus, John F.; Abraham, Meg

2005-08-01

398

Consumer-Oriented Laboratory Activities: A Manual for Secondary Science Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document provides a laboratory manual for use by secondary level students in performing consumer-oriented laboratory experiments. Each experiment includes an introductory question outlining the purpose of the investigation, a detailed discussion, detailed procedures, questions to be answered upon completing the experiment, and information…

Anderson, Jacqueline; McDuffie, Thomas E., Jr.

399

Filtrates & Residues. A Laboratory Exercise Introducing Students to the Pourbaix Diagram for Cobalt.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a laboratory exercise designed to introduce students to the Pourbaix diagram for cobalt. Discusses the use of a Pourbaix diagram as a potential-pH plot which displays some of the most thermodynamically stable species for a given element. Outlines a laboratory demonstration and a student investigation. (TW)|

Powell, Dick; And Others

1987-01-01

400

ARTEMIS Science Objectives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA's two spacecraft ARTEMIS mission will address both heliospheric and planetary research questions, first while in orbit about the Earth with the Moon and subsequently while in orbit about the Moon. Heliospheric topics include the structure of the Earth's magnetotail; reconnection, particle acceleration, and turbulence in the Earth's magnetosphere, at the bow shock, and in the solar wind; and the formation and structure of the lunar wake. Planetary topics include the lunar exosphere and its relationship to the composition of the lunar surface, the effects of electric fields on dust in the exosphere, internal structure of the Moon, and the lunar crustal magnetic field. This paper describes the expected contributions of ARTEMIS to these baseline scientific objectives.

Sibeck, D. G.; Angelopoulos, V.; Brain, D. A.; Delory, G. T.; Eastwood, J. P.; Farrell, W. M.; Grimm, R. E.; Halekas, J. S.; Hasegawa, H.; Hellinger, P.; Khurana, K. K.; Lillis, R. J.; Øieroset, M.; Phan, T.-D.; Raeder, J.; Russell, C. T.; Schriver, D.; Slavin, J. A.; Travnicek, P. M.; Weygand, J. M.

2011-12-01

401

Automated object detection for astronomical images  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sponsored by the National Aeronautical Space Association (NASA), the Synergetic Education and Research in Enabling NASA-centered Academic Development of Engineers and Space Scientists (SERENADES) Laboratory was established at California State University, Los Angeles (CSULA). An important on-going research activity in this lab is to develop an easy-to-use image analysis software with the capability of automated object detection to facilitate astronomical

Sonny Orellana; Lei Zhao; Helen Boussalis; Charles Liu; Khosrow Rad; Jane Dong

2005-01-01

402

Radiological Characterization and Final Facility Status Report Tritium Research Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the specific radiological characterization information on Building 968, the Tritium Research Laboratory (TRL) Complex and Facility. We performed the characterization as outlined in its Radiological Characterization Plan. The Radiological Characterization and Final Facility Status Report (RC&FFSR) provides historic background information on each laboratory within the TRL complex as related to its original and present radiological condition. Along with the work outlined in the Radiological Characterization Plan (RCP), we performed a Radiological Soils Characterization, Radiological and Chemical Characterization of the Waste Water Hold-up System including all drains, and a Radiological Characterization of the Building 968 roof ventilation system. These characterizations will provide the basis for the Sandia National Laboratory, California (SNL/CA) Site Termination Survey .Plan, when appropriate.

Garcia, T.B.; Gorman, T.P.

1996-08-01

403

[Laboratory-acquired brucellosis].  

PubMed

Brucellosis is a rare disease in Denmark. We describe one case of laboratory-acquired brucellosis from an index patient to a laboratory technician following exposure to an infected blood culture in a clinical microbiology laboratory. PMID:18565306

Fabiansen, Christian; Knudsen, Jenny Dahl; Lebech, Anne-Mette K

2008-06-01

404

Chemistry Laboratory Safety Check  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An accident prevention/safety check list for chemistry laboratories is printed. Included are checks of equipment, facilities, storage and handling of chemicals, laboratory procedures, instruction procedures, and items to be excluded from chemical laboratories. (SL)|

Patnoe, Richard L.

1976-01-01

405

Object state testing for object-oriented programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since class objects are the major components in object oriented (OO) programs during run time, testing the behavior of these objects become an important task in testing of object oriented programs to complement other types of testing, such as, structure testing and functional testing. To check the behavior of objects in OO programs, it is essential to check each state

Jerry Z. Gao; David Chenho Kung; Pei Hsia; Yasufumi Toyoshima; Cris Chen

1995-01-01

406

Contrast source inversion method applied to relatively high contrast objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a contrast source inversion method for microwave tomography with improved performance with respect to the popular multiplicative regularized contrast source inversion (MR-CSI) method when the contrast of the object under study is relatively high. More precisely, some shortcomings of MR-CSI which may prevent it from performing adequately on higher contrast objects are outlined. The proposed method does not suffer from such shortcomings, but necessitates the tuning of parameters. However, a unique set of parameters can be used in a wide variety of experimental conditions related to a given application. Simple guidelines to determine their values are provided.

Barrière, Paul-André; Idier, Jérôme; Laurin, Jean-Jacques; Goussard, Yves

2011-07-01

407

Materials in Nanotechnology Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This laboratory course is provided by Nano4Me.org, a product of the National Center for Nanotechnology Applications and Career Knowledge (NACK Center) which is based at the Penn State College of Engineering and is funded through the National Science Foundation's Advanced Technological Education (ATE) program. The six labs available here focus on materials in Nanotechnology. The labs are titled Block Copolymers, Colloidal Gold Nanoparticles, Solar Cells, Ni Nanowires, Silicon Nanowires, and Statistical Process Control. These labs can be used in conjunction in a course, or individually as needed by the teacher. Each lab should include an objective, background information, detailed procedure, charts and tables, and follow-up questions. This resource, along with all resources from the NACK Center, require a fast, easy, free log-in to access their materials

2011-03-09

408

A Discriminating Laboratory in Elementary Mechanics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a new "discovery-oriented" laboratory course in physics for college freshmen. The subject matter was Newtonian mechanics with calculus. The aim was to teach experimental methods from design of the experiment, testing hypotheses and presentation of final report. The laboratory was successful in most of its objectives and got moderately…

McFarlane, W. K.

1970-01-01

409

EMC precertification laboratory for railway communication equipment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the definition of an EMC precertification laboratory for communication equipment for railway systems. The main objectives are to show to 5th year telecom engineering students how to build an EMC precertification laboratory based on the applicable standards and introduce them into the tests executions and results interpretation. For that, first, it briefly explains why certification of

I. Beraza; I. Adin; J. del Portillo; B. Sedano; N. Perez; J. Mendizabal

2012-01-01

410

Crime Laboratory Proficiency Testing Research Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A three-year research effort was conducted to design a crime laboratory proficiency testing program encompassing the United States. The objectives were to: (1) determine the feasibility of preparation and distribution of different classes of physical evidence; (2) assess the accuracy of criminalistics laboratories in the processing of selected…

Peterson, Joseph L.; And Others

411

Databases, Problem Solving and Laboratory Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a problem-solving activity integrating a laboratory investigation with a database activity using Appleworks. Presents typical displays of the databases. The objective of the laboratory was to determine the identity of a pure substance by measuring physical properties and searching the database. (Author/YP)|

Strickland, A. W.; Hoffer, T.

1989-01-01

412

Object Acquaintance Selection and Binding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Large object-oriented systems have, at least, four characteristics that complicate object communication, i.e the sys- tem is distributed and contains large numbers, e.g. thousands, of objects, objects need to be reallocated at run-time and objects can be replaced,by other,objects in order to adapt to the dynamic,changes in the system. Traditional object communication,is based on sending a message to a

Jan Bosch

1998-01-01

413

Development of Hydrologic Characterization Methodology of Faults: Outline of the Project in Berkeley, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Nuclear Waste Management Organization of Japan (NUMO), after volunteering municipalities arise, will start a three-staged program for selecting a HLW and TRU waste repository site. It is recognized from experiences from various site characterization programs in the world that the hydrologic property of faults is one of the most important parameters in the early stage of the program. It is expected that numerous faults of interest exist in an investigation area of several tens of square kilometers. It is, however, impossible to characterize all these faults in a limited time and budget. This raises problems in the repository designing and safety assessment that we may have to accept unrealistic or over conservative results by using a single model or parameters for all the faults in the area. We, therefore, seek to develop an efficient and practical methodology to characterize hydrologic property of faults. This project is a five year program started in 2007, and comprises the basic methodology development through literature study and its verification through field investigations. The literature study tries to classify faults by correlating their geological features with hydraulic property, to search for the most efficient technology for fault characterization, and to develop a work flow diagram. The field investigation starts from selection of a site and fault(s), followed by existing site data analyses, surface geophysics, geological mapping, trenching, water sampling, a series of borehole investigations and modeling/analyses. Based on the results of the field investigations, we plan to develop a systematic hydrologic characterization methodology of faults. A classification method that correlates combinations of geological features (rock type, fault displacement, fault type, position in a fault zone, fracture zone width, damage zone width) with widths of high permeability zones around a fault zone was proposed through a survey on available documents of the site characterization programs. The field investigation started in 2008, by selecting the Wildcat Fault that cut across the Laurence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) site as the target. Analyses on site-specific data, surface geophysics, geological mapping and trenching have confirmed the approximate location and characteristics of the fault (see Session H48, Onishi, et al). The plan for the remaining years includes borehole investigations at LBNL, and another series of investigations in the northern part of the Wildcat Fault.

Goto, J.; Miwa, T.; Tsuchi, H.; Karasaki, K.

2009-12-01

414

An object state test model: object state diagram  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since class objects are the major components in object-oriented (oo) programs during run-time, specifying and testing the behavior of these objects become important tasks in testing of object-oriented programs to complement other types of testing, such as structure-testing and functional testing. To check the behavior of objects in oo programs, an object state model is needed to represent the dynamic

Jerry Zeyu Gao; David Chenho Kung; Pei Hsia

1995-01-01

415

Psychotherapy research needs theory. Outline for an epistemology of the clinical exchange.  

PubMed

This paper provides an analysis of a basic assumption grounding the clinical research: the ontological autonomy of psychotherapy-based on the idea that the clinical exchange is sufficiently distinguished from other social objects (i.e. exchange between teacher and pupils, or between buyer and seller, or interaction during dinner, and so forth). A criticism of such an assumption is discussed together with the proposal of a different epistemological interpretation, based on the distinction between communicative dynamics and the process of psychotherapy-psychotherapy is a goal-oriented process based on the general dynamics of human communication. Theoretical and methodological implications are drawn from such a view: It allows further sources of knowledge to be integrated within clinical research (i.e. those coming from other domains of analysis of human communication); it also enables a more abstract definition of the psychotherapy process to be developed, leading to innovative views of classical critical issues, like the specific-nonspecific debate. The final part of the paper is devoted to presenting a model of human communication--the Semiotic Dialogical Dialectic Theory--which is meant as the framework for the analysis of psychotherapy. PMID:21785950

Salvatore, Sergio

2011-09-01

416

Making sense of the meaning maker: tracking the object of activity in a mathematics classroom using Activity Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines how one can use Activity Theory as an analytical framework to understand tool use and its attendant developmental impact in context by selecting object- oriented activity as the unit of analysis. While an understanding of object-oriented activity is central to Activity Theory (AT) the notion of object is a frequently debated and often misunderstood one. The conceptual

Joanne Hardman

417

Crossmodal object-based attention: auditory objects affect visual processing.  

PubMed

According to the object-based view, visual attention can be deployed to "objects" or perceptual units, regardless of spatial locations. Recently, however, the notion of object has also been extended to the auditory domain, with some authors suggesting possible interactions between visual and auditory objects. Here we show that task-irrelevant auditory objects may affect the deployment of visual attention, providing evidence that crossmodal links can also occur at an object-based level. Hence, in addition to the well documented control of visual objects over what we hear, our findings demonstrate that, in some cases, auditory objects can affect visual processing. PMID:15925569

Turatto, Massimo; Mazza, Veronica; Umiltà, Carlo

2005-06-01

418

Transaction synchronisation in object bases  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate the problem of synchronising transactions in an object base. An object base is a collection of objects, much the way a database is a collection of data. An object, for our purposes, consists of a collection of variables (whose values at any point in time comprise the state of that object) and a set of

Thanasis Hadzilacos; Vassos Hadzilacos

1988-01-01

419

Very-Wide-Field Camera. Proposal of Space Astronomy Laboratory for Second Spacelab Mission.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A proposal is made for inclusion of a very wide field camera onboard Spacelab. Its scientific program is outlined: detection and photometry, spectrography, and star and starlike object photography. The optics, receptor, and mechanical structure are descri...

G. Courtes H. Atkins J. P. Sivan M. Viton

1976-01-01

420

The Development of Ancient States in the Northern Horn of Africa, c. 3000 BC–AD 1000: An Archaeological Outline  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beginning in the 3rd millennium BC, complex societies and states arose in the northern Horn of Africa. This process culminated\\u000a with the development of the Kingdom of Aksum in northern Ethiopia and Eritrea in the 1st millennium AD. The development of\\u000a these polities can be outlined in principle on the basis of the archaeological evidence. The process consisted of at

Rodolfo Fattovich

2010-01-01

421

Differences in target outline delineation from CT scans of brain tumours using different methods and different observers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To assess errors resulting from manual transfer of contour information for three-dimensional (3-D) target reconstruction, and to determine variations in target volume delineation of brain tumours by different radiation oncologists.Materials and methods: Images of 18 patients with intracranial astrocytomas were used for retrospective treatment planning by five radiation oncologists. In this study, the target outline was delineated on sequential

Masashi Yamamoto; Yasushi Nagata; Kaoru Okajima; Takashi Ishigaki; Rumi Murata; Takashi Mizowaki; Masaki Kokubo; Masahiro Hiraoka

1999-01-01

422

Object Detection Using Structural Matching.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An object can be represented by its structural description, i.e., its simple parts and the relationships between these parts. Detecting objects through structural matching can be achieved by establishing the correspondence between the object description, ...

L. Santannabins F. R. D. Velasco A. M. V. Monteiro

1989-01-01

423

Crossmodal Object-Based Attention: Auditory Objects Affect Visual Processing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the object-based view, visual attention can be deployed to ''objects'' or perceptual units, regardless of spatial locations. Recently, however, the notion of object has also been extended to the auditory domain, with some authors suggesting possible interactions between visual and auditory objects. Here we show that task-irrelevant…

Turatto, M.; Mazza, V.; Umilta, C.

2005-01-01

424

Processing of Extrafoveal Objects During Multiple-Object Naming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 3 experiments, the authors investigated the extent to which objects that are about to be named are processed prior to fixation. Participants named pairs or triplets of objects. One of the objects, initially seen extrafoveally (the interloper), was replaced by a different object (the target) during the saccade toward it. The interloper-target…

Morgan, Jane L.; Meyer, Antje S.

2005-01-01

425

Processing of Extrafoveal Objects During Multiple-Object Naming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 3 experiments, the authors investigated the extent to which objects that are about to be named are processed prior to fixation. Participants named pairs or triplets of objects. One of the objects, initially seen extrafoveally (the interloper), was replaced by a different object (the target) during the saccade toward it. The interloper-target…

Morgan, Jane L.; Meyer, Antje S.

2005-01-01

426

Infants' Ability To Use Object Kind Information for Object Individuation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult and 10- and 12-month olds participated in two experiments to determine reliance of infants on object-kind information in solving problems of object individuation. Findings converge with those of object-first hypothesis of developmental course of object individuation. Findings suggest that young infants may represent one concept as criteria…

Xu, Fei; Carey, Susan; Welch, Jenny

1999-01-01

427

Active Object - An Object Behavioral Pattern for Concurrent Programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the Active Object pattern, which decouplesmethod execution from method invocation in order tosimplify synchronized access to an object that resides in itsown thread of control. The Active Object pattern allows oneor more independent threads of execution to interleave theiraccess to data modeled as a single object. A broad class ofproducer\\/consumer and reader\\/writer applications are wellsuitedto this model

R. Greg Lavender; Douglas C. Schmidt

1996-01-01

428

Computing 3D Object Parts from Similarities among Object Views  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following shape segmentation problem is addressed: find the part decomposition of a 3D object that accounts for an observed pattern of similarities among several of the object's views. This represents the inverse, ill-posed version of the direct problem of computing perceptual similarities among object views when the object parts are known. The problem is solved by inverting a proposed

Florin Cutzu

2000-01-01

429

Object-oriented layers in ELIST.  

SciTech Connect

Planning for the transportation of large amounts of equipment, troops, and supplies presents a complex problem for military analysts. Software tools are critical in defining and analyzing these plans. Argonne National Laboratory developed the Enhanced Logistics Intra-theater Support Tool (ELIST) to assist military planners in determining the logistical feasibility of an intra-theater course of action. This article focuses on the object-oriented design strategies we used in developing the latest version of this successful system. Details of the specific military, logistical algorithms that were implemented can be found in other sources. In developing large, complex software systems, object-oriented programming techniques can provide many benefits. In addition to using an object-oriented language developers should also employ other techniques such as layers to fully obtain these benefits. This article discusses several of these design details that were used in developing a military logistics system called ELIST.

Widing, M. A.; Simunich, K. L.; Blachowicz, D.; Braun, M.; VanGroningen, C.; Decision and Information Sciences

2004-01-01

430

An Information Management and Technology Laboratory in an Academic Health Center Library  

PubMed Central

The aims and goals in setting up an Information Management and Technology Laboratory in the Lyman Maynard Stowe Library at the University of Connecticut Health Center are outlined. Health professionals have a chance in the Laboratory to try software and machines and acquaint themselves with some of the new technology. The Laboratory can save individual departments time, the necessity for extensive research and money and will be used to give students and staff experience in information management techniques.

Peterson, Margaret G.E.; Brantz, Malcolm H.

1984-01-01

431

Teaching computer interfacing with virtual instruments in an object-oriented language.  

PubMed

LabVIEW is a graphic object-oriented computer language developed to facilitate hardware/software communication. LabVIEW is a complete computer language that can be used like Basic, FORTRAN, or C. In LabVIEW one creates virtual instruments that aesthetically look like real instruments but are controlled by sophisticated computer programs. There are several levels of data acquisition VIs that make it easy to control data flow, and many signal processing and analysis algorithms come with the software as premade VIs. In the classroom, the similarity between virtual and real instruments helps students understand how information is passed between the computer and attached instruments. The software may be used in the absence of hardware so that students can work at home as well as in the classroom. This article demonstrates how LabVIEW can be used to control data flow between computers and instruments, points out important features for signal processing and analysis, and shows how virtual instruments may be used in place of physical instrumentation. Applications of LabVIEW to the teaching laboratory are also discussed, and a plausible course outline is given. PMID:8580361

Gulotta, M

1995-11-01

432

Laboratory Animal Facilities. Laboratory Design Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Design of laboratory animal facilities must be functional. Accordingly, the designer should be aware of the complex nature of animal research and specifically the type of animal research which will be conducted in a new facility. The building of animal-care facilities in research institutions requires special knowledge in laboratory animal…

Jonas, Albert M.

1965-01-01

433

Object-processing neural efficiency differentiates object from spatial visualizers.  

PubMed

The visual system processes object properties and spatial properties in distinct subsystems, and we hypothesized that this distinction might extend to individual differences in visual processing. We conducted a functional MRI study investigating the neural underpinnings of individual differences in object versus spatial visual processing. Nine participants of high object-processing ability ('object' visualizers) and eight participants of high spatial-processing ability ('spatial' visualizers) were scanned, while they performed an object-processing task. Object visualizers showed lower bilateral neural activity in lateral occipital complex and lower right-lateralized neural activity in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. The data indicate that high object-processing ability is associated with more efficient use of visual-object resources, resulting in less neural activity in the object-processing pathway. PMID:18852681

Motes, Michael A; Malach, Rafael; Kozhevnikov, Maria

2008-11-19

434

Healthcare responsibilities and conscientious objection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Constitutional Court of Colombia has issued a decision of international significance clarifying legal duties of providers, hospitals, and healthcare systems when conscientious objection is made to conducting lawful abortion. The decision establishes objecting providers' duties to refer patients to non-objecting providers, and that hospitals, clinics, and other institutions have no rights of conscientious objection. Their professional and legal duties

Rebecca J. Cook; Mónica Arango Olaya; Bernard M. Dickens

2009-01-01

435

SODA: Smart Objects, Dumb Archives  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the Smart Object, Dumb Archive (SODA) model for digital libraries (DLs). The SODA model transfers functionality traditionally associated with archives to the archived objects themselves. We are exploiting this shift of responsibility to facilitate other DL goals, such as interoperability, object intelligence and mobility, and heterogeneity. Objects in a SODA DL negotiate presentation of content and handle their

Michael L. Nelson; Kurt Maly; Mohammad Zubair; Stewart N. T. Shen

1999-01-01

436

Ownership types for object encapsulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ownership types provide a statically enforceable way of specifying object encapsulation and enable local reasoning about program correctness in object-oriented languages. However, a type system that enforces strict object encapsulation is too constraining: it does not allow efficient implementation of important constructs like iterators. This paper argues that the right way to solve the problem is to allow objects of

Chandrasekhar Boyapati; Barbara Liskov; Liuba Shrira

2003-01-01

437

Encapsulating objects with confined types  

Microsoft Academic Search

Object-oriented languages provide little support for encapsulating objects. Reference semantics allows objects to escape their defining scope. The pervasive aliasing that ensues remains a major source of software defects. This paper introduces Kacheck\\/J a tool for inferring object encapulation properties in large Java programs. Our goal is to develop practical tools to assist software engineers, thus we focus on simple

Christian Grothoff; Jens Palsberg; Jan Vitek

2001-01-01

438

Three approaches to object evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dynamic object reclassification allows changes to the type of an object at runtime. This paper makes the case for object evolution, a restriction of general reclassification by which an object may gain, but never lose properties. We argue that evolution is an expres- sive and useful language construct and can be implemented effi- ciently. Further, the monotonicity property of evolution

Tal Cohen

2009-01-01

439

Subjective objectivity: negotiating emotional meaning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Affective computing systems face challenges in relating objective measures with subjective human experiences. Many systems have either focused on objective measures as a substitute for subjective experience (e.g. skin conductance as a direct representation of arousal) or have abandoned objective measures to focus purely on subjective experience. In this paper, we explore how to negotiate the relationship between objective signals

Lucian Leahu; Steve Schwenk; Phoebe Sengers

2008-01-01

440

Object Perception as Bayesian Inference  

Microsoft Academic Search

? Abstract We perceive the shapes and material properties of objects quickly and reliably despite the complexity and objective ambiguities of natural images. Typical im- ages are highly complex because they consist of many objects embedded in background clutter. Moreover, the image features of an object are extremely variable and ambiguous owing to the effects of projection, occlusion, background clutter,

Daniel Kersten; Pascal Mamassian; Alan Yuille

2004-01-01

441

Handling Objects By Their Handles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an efficient method to decide robust grasps given new objects using example-based learning. A robust grasp is a stable grasp, suitable for object manipula- tion. Adaptability to object manipulation is ensured by imitating the human choice of the object grasping component, its handle. Stability is obtained by computing contact points, ensuring force-closure property, on that handle. I.

Sahar El-Khoury; Anis Sahbani

442

Object Detection Using Shape Codebook  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a method for detecting categories of objects in real-world images. Given training images of an object category, our goal is to recognize and localize instances of those objects in a candidate image. The main contribution of this work is a novel structure of the shape code- book for object detection. A shape codebook entry consists of two

Xiaodong Yu; Li Yi; Cornelia Fermüller; David S. Doermann

2007-01-01

443

Finding the object'' proceedings addendum  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this workshop was to discuss finding the object -- that is, how software engineers imagine, invent, design, or recycle objects and their behaviors for object-oriented software engineering. The workshop organizers (and, as we subsequently discovered, several of the workshop participants) felt that this issue is crucial to successful object-oriented software engineering (after all, finding objects is what the projects is all about, isn't it ). Unfortunately, when previous workshops have had the opportunity to review and discuss techniques practitioners use to find objects, too often the results were heated debates on what is an object '' which becomes all consuming. We believed that, given appropriate control over the question of which kind of object'' is being discussed (which meant tell us what object you are trying to find, then tell us your method), a workshop to concentrate on techniques for finding objects would be quite appropriate. 8 refs., 2 figs.

Whiting, M.A.; Devaney, D.M.

1990-10-01

444

Managing and learning with multiple models: Objectives and optimization algorithms  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The quality of environmental decisions should be gauged according to managers' objectives. Management objectives generally seek to maximize quantifiable measures of system benefit, for instance population growth rate. Reaching these goals often requires a certain degree of learning about the system. Learning can occur by using management action in combination with a monitoring system. Furthermore, actions can be chosen strategically to obtain specific kinds of information. Formal decision making tools can choose actions to favor such learning in two ways: implicitly via the optimization algorithm that is used when there is a management objective (for instance, when using adaptive management), or explicitly by quantifying knowledge and using it as the fundamental project objective, an approach new to conservation.This paper outlines three conservation project objectives - a pure management objective, a pure learning objective, and an objective that is a weighted mixture of these two. We use eight optimization algorithms to choose actions that meet project objectives and illustrate them in a simulated conservation project. The algorithms provide a taxonomy of decision making tools in conservation management when there is uncertainty surrounding competing models of system function. The algorithms build upon each other such that their differences are highlighted and practitioners may see where their decision making tools can be improved. ?? 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Probert, W. J. M.; Hauser, C. E.; McDonald-Madden, E.; Runge, M. C.; Baxter, P. W. J.; Possingham, H. P.

2011-01-01

445

Extracting tissue and cell outlines of Arabidopsis seeds using refraction contrast X-ray CT at the SPring-8 facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How biological form is determined is one of the important questions in developmental biology. Physical forces are thought to be the primary determinants of the biological forms, and several theories for this were proposed nearly a century ago. To evaluate how physical forces can influence biological forms, precise determination of cell and tissue shapes and their geometries is necessary. Computed tomography (CT) is useful for visualizing three-dimensional structures without destroying a sample. Because recent progress in micro-CT has enabled visualizing cells and tissues at the sub-micron level, we investigated if we could extract cell and tissue outlines of seeds using refraction contrast X-ray CT available at the SPring-8 synchrotron radiation facility. We used Arabidopsis seeds because Arabidopsis is a well-known model plant and its seed size is small enough to obtain whole images using the X-ray CT experimental system. We could trace the outlines of tissues in dry seeds using beamline BL20B2 (10 keV, 2.4µm.pixel-1). Although we could also detect the outlines of some cell types, the image resolution was not adequate to extract whole cell edges. To detect the edges of cells in the epidermis and cortex, we obtained CT images using beamline BL20XU (8 keV, 0.5 µm.pixel-1). With these CT images, we could extract the facets and edges of each cell and determine cell vertices. This method enabled us to compare the numbers of cell facets among various cell types. We could also describe cell geometry as a set of points that showed these cell vertices.

Yamauchi, Daisuke; Tamaoki, Daisuke; Hayami, Masato; Uesugi, Kentaro; Takeuchi, Akihisa; Suzuki, Yoshio; Karahara, Ichirou; Mineyuki, Yoshinobu

2012-07-01

446

DATA QUALITY OBJECTIVES AND MEASUREMENT QUALITY OBJECTIVES FOR RESEARCH PROJECTS  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper provides assistance with systematic planning using measurement quality objectives to those working on research projects. These performance criteria are more familiar to researchers than data quality objectives because they are more closely associated with the measuremen...

447

A National Natural Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the Savannah River Site, a national environmental research park that shelters wild animals and idle nuclear reactors. Outlines research conducted at the site that focuses on the recovery of ecosystems after disturbance related to the operation of nuclear reactors and other land uses. (LZ)|

Cohn, Jeffrey P.

1994-01-01

448

A National Natural Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Savannah River Site, a national environmental research park that shelters wild animals and idle nuclear reactors. Outlines research conducted at the site that focuses on the recovery of ecosystems after disturbance related to the operation of nuclear reactors and other land uses. (LZ)

Cohn, Jeffrey P.

1994-01-01

449

Using Surfaces and Object Models to Recognize Partially Obscured Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an approach to object loca­ tion based on matching model regions to surface image regions. These matches, together with object models, provide hypotheses about the 3D location of the objects containing the recognized surfaces. When a hypothesis is complete, the program describes the matched data and model surface boundaries in terms of the raw model. These descriptions

Robert B. Fisher

1983-01-01

450

Multi-objective retrieval of object pose from video  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduces a novel approach for rigid object pose estimation. The system rotates a reference frame of the object of interest until it reaches a view at which the rotated reference view and the unknown-pose view seem to be “similar”. A number of pose similarity measures were tested for different types of objects undergoing various amounts of rotation from the reference

Alireza Nasiri Avanaki; Babak Hamidzadeh; Faouzi Kossentini

2000-01-01

451

Making CORBA objects persistent: The object database adapter approach  

SciTech Connect

In spite of its remarkable successes in promoting standards for distributed object systems, the Object Management Group (OMG) has not yet settled the issue of object persistence in the Object Request Broker (ORB) environment. The Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) specification briefly mentions an Object-Oriented Database Adapter that makes objects stored in an object-oriented database accessible through the ORB. This idea is pursued in the Appendix B of the ODMG standard, which identifies a number of issues involved in using an Object Database Management System (ODBMS) in a CORBA environment, and proposes an Object Database Adapter (ODA) to realize the integration of the ORB with the ODBMS. This paper discusses the design and implementation of an ODA that integrates an ORB and an ODBMS with C++ bindings. For the author`s purposes, an ODBMS is a system with programming interfaces. It may be a pure object-oriented DBMS (an OODBMS), or a combination of a relational DBMS and an object-relational mapper.

Reverbel, F.C.R.

1997-05-01

452

The Power of Objectives: Moving beyond Learning Objectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although the need for project objectives is obvious, their value and role are much broader than most think. In this article, we explore the need for higher levels of objectives, along with tips and techniques to develop them properly. More important, we examine the benefits of objectives from many perspectives. In today's competitive environment,…

Phillips, Jack J.; Phillips, Patti P.

2010-01-01

453

Automated object detection for astronomical images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sponsored by the National Aeronautical Space Association (NASA), the Synergetic Education and Research in Enabling NASA-centered Academic Development of Engineers and Space Scientists (SERENADES) Laboratory was established at California State University, Los Angeles (CSULA). An important on-going research activity in this lab is to develop an easy-to-use image analysis software with the capability of automated object detection to facilitate astronomical research. This paper presented a fast object detection algorithm based on the characteristics of astronomical images. This algorithm consists of three steps. First, the foreground and background are separated using histogram-based approach. Second, connectivity analysis is conducted to extract individual object. The final step is post processing which refines the detection results. To improve the detection accuracy when some objects are blocked by clouds, top-hat transform is employed to split the sky into cloudy region and non-cloudy region. A multi-level thresholding algorithm is developed to select the optimal threshold for different regions. Experimental results show that our proposed approach can successfully detect the blocked objects by clouds.

Orellana, Sonny; Zhao, Lei; Boussalis, Helen; Liu, Charles; Rad, Khosrow; Dong, Jane

2005-10-01

454

Complex wakes behind objects in multispecies plasmas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many space, astrophysical, technological and laboratory plasmas are multispecies. Using particle-in-cell (PIC) numerical simulations, the novel features of the wake structures behind finite-sized objects in multispecies collisionless plasma flows are studied. In electropositive plasmas, different ion species can form separate wakes with distinct ion focus regions, and give rise to polarization of the plasma. In electronegative plasmas, with a large fraction of heavy negative ions, the polarization can be stronger due to substantial ion density reduction in the wake.

Miloch, W. J.; Vladimirov, S. V.; Yaroshenko, V. V.

2013-01-01

455

Objectivity and the Ideology of News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 1977 Court of Appeals decision, "Edwards v. National Audubon Society," outlined the principle of "neutral reportage": the press is not required to suppress newsworthy statements by public officials merely because the truth of those statements is doubtful. The author outlines this court case because it illustrates so well the consequences of the…

Glasser, Theodore L.

456

An Electronics "Unit Laboratory"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a laboratory teaching technique in which a single topic (in this case, bipolar junction transistors) is studied over a period of weeks under the supervision of one staff member, who also designs the laboratory work. (MLH)|

Davies, E. R.; Penton, S. J.

1976-01-01

457

Interpreting Laboratory Test Results  

MedlinePLUS

... Clinical Trials NCI Publications Español Interpreting Laboratory Test Results A laboratory test is a medical procedure in which a sample of blood , urine , or other tissues or substances in the ...

458

The Microscale Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The materials needed and the procedures used in three microscale chemical laboratory experiments are detailed. Included are a microscale organic synthesis, a two-step synthetic sequence for the microscale organic laboratory, and a small-scale equilibrium experiment. (CW)|

Zipp, Arden P.

1990-01-01

459

Intelligent Mobility Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents activities to develop and equip a laboratory for robot mobility research and development. The laboratory includes mobile robots, testing systems, instrumentation, analysis tools, as well as test and analysis procedures. Robot mobilit...

G. Witus

2006-01-01

460

The Paradigm Laboratory Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project aims to develop problem-based inquiry learning laboratories that have science majors in introductory chemistry laboratories transfer an understanding of the attitudes and methods of scientific inquiry to knowledge and experiences in their disciplines of study.

Heppert, Joseph A.

2011-04-06

461

Localized Corrosion Analysis Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The funds were used to construct the Localized Corrosion Analaysis Laboratory in the Fontana Corrosion Center to study corrosion across all relevant length scales. This laboratory comprises a scanning probe microscopy stations specifically designed for co...

R. G. Buchheit G. S. Frankel

2000-01-01

462

Objectives  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... 1. pyridine. 2. quinoline. 2. ... Health Canada (1999) Determination of Pyridine, Quinoline and Styrene in Mainstream Tobacco Smoke, Method T-112. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

463

RECENT LASER ACCIDENTS AT DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY LABORATORIES  

SciTech Connect

Recent laser accidents and incidents at research laboratories across the Department of Energy complex are reviewed in this paper. Factors that contributed to the accidents are examined. Conclusions drawn from the accident reports are summarized and compared. Control measures that could have been implemented to prevent the accidents will be summarized and compared. Recommendations for improving laser safety programs are outlined and progress toward achieving them are summarized.

ODOM, CONNON R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2007-02-02

464

Advanced coordinate measuring machine at Sandia National Laboratories/California  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories/California has acquired a new Moore M-48V CNC five-axis universal coordinate measuring machine (CMM). Site preparation, acceptance testing, and initial performance results are discussed. Unique features of the machine include a ceramic ram and vacuum evacuated laser pathways (VELPS). The implementation of a VELPS system on the machine imposed certain design requirements and entailed certain start-up problems. The machine`s projected capabilities, workload, and research possibilities are outlined.

Pilkey, R.D.; Klevgard, P.A.

1993-03-01

465

Advanced coordinate measuring machine at Sandia National Laboratories/California  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories/California has acquired a new Moore M-48V CNC five-axis universal coordinate measuring machine (CMM). Site preparation, acceptance testing, and initial performance results are discussed. Unique features of the machine include a ceramic ram and vacuum evacuated laser pathways (VELPS). The implementation of a VELPS system on the machine imposed certain design requirements and entailed certain start-up problems. The machine's projected capabilities, workload, and research possibilities are outlined.

Pilkey, R.D.; Klevgard, P.A.

1993-03-01

466

Physical processes in cometary ices inferred from laboratory studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on recent laboratory studies, an overview is given of the properties of various ices and ice mixtures condensed at low temperatures, and on their evolution during heating up to temperatures typical of the perihelion temperatures of short period comets. The kinetics of formation and of decomposition of clathrate hydrates and molecular hydrates is outlined and the possibility of their occurrence in comet nuclei is discussed. Special attention is given to the thermal behavior of amorphous and fluffy icy material.

Klinger, J.

1989-12-01

467

Shape of the lateral mandibular outline in Lemuridae: a quantitative analysis of variability using elliptical Fourier analysis.  

PubMed

While several morphometric analyses in lemurids have focused on the craniofacial complex, the characterization of their mandibular morphology has received less attention. The mandibular outline, in lateral perspective, was quantified using elliptical Fourier analysis, in an osteological sample encompassing 189 lemurid mandibles (66 Eulemur, 51 Hapalemur, 22 Lemur and 50 Varecia), and compared using multivariate statistical techniques. The taxonomic value of this outline in Lemuridae was demonstrated by the existence of significant separations between the four genera studied. In particular, the mandibular morphology of Hapalemur was markedly different from that in the group Eulemur-Lemur-Varecia. Excluding Hapalemur from analysis, the distinctions between Eulemur, Lemur and Varecia were enhanced suggesting the existence of more subtle intergeneric differences in mandibular morphology. Variation in mandibular form was greatest in Hapalemur and smallest in Eulemur and Varecia (as demonstrated by the mean values of interindividual distances); variation was higher in Lemur than in Eulemur and Varecia, but not higher than in Hapalemur. This morphological diversity may be related to functional adaptation in response to particular dietary habits. The patterns of intergeneric and intrageneric shape variations of the mandible in Lemuridae presented here provide a valuable resource for the analysis of variation among living and fossil lemurids. PMID:16230859

Raveloson, Herimalala; Le Minor, Jean-Marie; Rumpler, Yves; Schmittbuhl, Matthieu

468

Object Based Systems Engineering (OBSE).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Objectives: (1) Communicate the background (past & current state) & motivation for Object Based Systems Engineering (OBSE); (2) Communicate the evolution of Systems Engineering practice; (3) Communicate the concepts of OBSE; (4) Communicate the roadblocks...

J. A. Fitch P. Mendonza

2011-01-01

469

Supporting dynamic parallel object arrays  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT We present efficient support for generalized arrays of parallel data driven objects. Array elements are regular C++ objects, and are scattered across the parallel machine. An individual element is addressed by its \\

Orion Sky Lawlor; Laxmikant V. Kalé

2003-01-01

470

Object knowledge modulates colour appearance  

PubMed Central

We investigated the memory colour effect for colour diagnostic artificial objects. Since knowledge about these objects and their colours has been learned in everyday life, these stimuli allow the investigation of the influence of acquired object knowledge on colour appearance. These investigations are relevant for questions about how object and colour information in high-level vision interact as well as for research about the influence of learning and experience on perception in general. In order to identify suitable artificial objects, we developed a reaction time paradigm that measures (subjective) colour diagnosticity. In the main experiment, participants adjusted sixteen such objects to their typical colour as well as to grey. If the achromatic object appears in its typical colour, then participants should adjust it to the opponent colour in order to subjectively perceive it as grey. We found that knowledge about the typical colour influences the colour appearance of artificial objects. This effect was particularly strong along the daylight axis.

Witzel, Christoph; Valkova, Hanna; Hansen, Thorsten; Gegenfurtner, Karl R

2011-01-01

471

Experimental plan to determine the performance of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Cold Neutron Moderator. Final report, September 1, 1993--November 30, 1993  

SciTech Connect

This paper outlines an experimental plan to test the thermohydraulic concept of the proposed Oak Ridge National Laboratory Cold Neutron Moderator. The goals, approach, description of the experimental apparatus, and proposed budget and duration are presented.

Giarratano, P.J.; Siegwarth, J.D.

1993-11-10

472

Generalized Test Plan for the Vitrification of Simulated High-Level-Waste Calcine in the Idaho National Laboratory's Bench-Scale Cold Crucible Induction Melter.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Preliminary Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Test Plan outlines the chronological steps required to initially evaluate the validity of vitrifying INL surrogate (cold) High-Level-Waste (HLW) solid particulate calcine in INL's Cold Crucible Induction Me...

V. Maio

2011-01-01

473

Outline: CPU Scheduling Mechanisms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This PowerPoint slide show from an instructor with the Departmentof Computer Science at Florida State University offers an in-depth lecture notes for CPU scheduling mechanisms. Most notably, this presentation includes diagrams and logical flowcharts of CPU processes which would make the material easier to understand for instructors or students engaged in technical/community college or university level computer science or engineering courses. It provides an overview of scheduling criteria and explanation and comparison of first-come-first-served, shortest-job-next, priority and non-preemptive priority, deadline, real-time, compared with round robin CPU scheduling. Mathematical models and formulas are included along with efficiency graphs. The presentation also covers process thread context, context switching, and multilevel queues.

Liu, Xiuwen

2009-08-05

474

General Machinists Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide for a general machinists course is intended for use in a program combining vocational English as a second language (VESL) with bilingual vocational education. A description of the VESL program design appears first. The next section provides a format on developing lesson plans for teaching the technical and general vocational…

Wilcox, Chester; And Others

475

OFFICIAL COURSE OUTLINE INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This course will teach the biomechanical basis of human movement and the application of this knowledge to the qualitative analysis of human movement. Emphasis is placed on observational skill and the use of video playback in assessing human movement in sporting events and exercise programs. This course is intended for students interested in teaching physical education or coaching sporting events,

Craig Chamberlain; Craig J. Chamberlin

476

Lau Remedies Outlined.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The understanding of two principles is important if school districts are to develop comprehensive plans responsive to the Lau v. Nichols remedies specified by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) in ways that both adhere to the spirit of the Lau decision and allow the school district to develop coherent educational programs for…

Cardenas, Jose A.

477

Outline Important Note  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... 3. Computer Science a. The arrangement of data for storage or display. ... First-level submission types should not use related sequence • First-level ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess

478

Breakout Session Outline  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text VersionPage 1. Page 2. These slides capture the most prominent themes from the breakout sessions as expressed by the ICH Q10 workshop ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess

479

Obama Outlines NCLB Flexibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Obama administration will waive cornerstone requirements of the No Child Left Behind Act, including the 2014 deadline for all students to be proficient in math and reading/language arts, and will give states the freedom to set their own student-achievement goals and design their own interventions for failing schools. In exchange for that…

McNeil, Michele; Klein, Alyson

2011-01-01

480

Importation of Drugs Outline  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... NDA or ANDA approval, the NDA or ANDA must be filed with and ... 07/2012 Note: If you need help accessing information in different file formats, see ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation/importsandexportscompliance

481

POLLUTION IN LAKES (OUTLINE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a model of two interconnected reservoirs and solutes flowing into them. We derive a system of dierential equation for the time- dependent concentrations of solutes in the two reservoirs. Then we apply our model to simulate concentration of pollutants in lakes Erie and Ontario. This project is based on a case study in the course's textbook (1) with

ROUBEN ROSTAMIAN

482

Air Force Research Objectives, 1968.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Aerospace Research (OAR), as the prime research agency of the United States Air Force, conducts research within its own laboratories and, through its grants and contracts program, sponsors scientific research among the leading scientists of ...

1968-01-01

483

The Instructional Development Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Instructional Development Laboratory of Florida State University's Center for Educational Design (CED) is described. Among the major projects of the Laboratory has been the design and implementation of the PLATO computer-assisted instruction system. Included in the report are descriptions of (1) the facilities layout of the Laboratory, (2)…

Towle, Nelson J.

484

Laboratory Activities in Israel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laboratory activities have long had a distinctive and central role in the science curriculum, and science educators have suggested that many benefits accrue from engaging students in science laboratory activities. Many research studies have been conducted to investigate the educational effectiveness of laboratory work in science education in…

Mamlok-Naaman, Rachel; Barnea, Nitza

2012-01-01

485

Good laboratory practices  

SciTech Connect

Make your laboratory inspection procedures comply with what EPA expect of you. To ensure products under regulatory jurisdiction are safe and effective, EPA requires laboratories conducting health effects testing comply TSCA and FIFRA. Procedures for conducting laboratory inspections of facilities, techniques, recordkeeping, safety and quality assurance programs are detailed in the new EPA book.

Not Available

1985-01-01

486

Laboratory-acquired brucellosis.  

PubMed

We report two laboratory-acquired Brucella melitensis infections that were shown to be epidemiologically related. Blood culture isolates were initially misidentified because of variable Gram stain results, which led to misdiagnoses and subsequent laboratory exposures. Notifying laboratory personnel who unknowingly processed cultures from brucellosis patients is an important preventive measure. PMID:15504276

Noviello, Stephanie; Gallo, Richard; Kelly, Molly; Limberger, Ronald J; DeAngelis, Karen; Cain, Louise; Wallace, Barbara; Dumas, Nellie

2004-10-01

487

Laboratory Ventilation and Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to meet the needs of both safety and economy, laboratory ventilation systems must effectively remove air-borne toxic and flammable materials and at the same time exhaust a minimum volume of air. Laboratory hoods are the most commonly used means of removing gases, dusts, mists, vapors, and fumed from laboratory operations. To be…

Steere, Norman V.

1965-01-01

488

Laboratory Ventilation and Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to meet the needs of both safety and economy, laboratory ventilation systems must effectively remove air-borne toxic and flammable materials and at the same time exhaust a minimum volume of air. Laboratory hoods are the most commonly used means of removing gases, dusts, mists, vapors, and fumed from laboratory operations. To be effective,…

Steere, Norman V.

1965-01-01

489

The Instructional Development Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Instructional Development Laboratory of Florida State University's Center for Educational Design (CED) is described. Among the major projects of the Laboratory has been the design and implementation of the PLATO computer-assisted instruction system. Included in the report are descriptions of (1) the facilities layout of the Laboratory, (2) the…

Towle, Nelson J.

490

Theme: Laboratory Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A series of theme articles discuss setting up laboratory hydroponics units, the school farm at the Zuni Pueblo in New Mexico, laboratory experiences in natural resources management and urban horticulture, the development of teaching labs at Derry (PA) High School, management of instructional laboratories, and industry involvement in agricultural…

Bruening, Thomas H.; And Others

1992-01-01

491

INL Laboratory Scale Atomizer  

SciTech Connect

A laboratory scale atomizer has been built at the Idaho National Laboratory. This has proven useful for laboratory scale tests and has been used to fabricate fuel used in the RERTR miniplate experiments. This instrument evolved over time with various improvements being made ‘on the fly’ in a trial and error process.

C.R. Clark; G.C. Knighton; R.S. Fielding; N.P. Hallinan

2010-01-01

492

Efficient Indexing of Spatiotemporal Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatiotemporal objects, i.e., objects which change their p osition and\\/or extent over time appear in many applications. In this paper we examine the problem of indexing large volumes of such data. Important in this environment is how the spatiotemporal objects move and\\/or change. We consider a rather general case where object movements\\/changes are defined by combinations of polynomial functions. We

Marios Hadjieleftheriou; George Kollios; Vassilis J. Tsotras; Dimitrios Gunopulos

2002-01-01

493

Decoupling Object Detection and Categorization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We investigated whether there exists a behavioral dependency between object detection and categorization. Previous work (Grill-Spector & Kanwisher, 2005) suggests that object detection and basic-level categorization may be the very same perceptual mechanism: As objects are parsed from the background they are categorized at the basic level. In the…

Mack, Michael L.; Palmeri, Thomas J.

2010-01-01

494

The Object of Their Attention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Tishman argues that directing students to closely examine physical objects is an excellent way to motivate and strengthen thinking. Even simple objects reflect the social and physical contexts in which they were created and can spur deeper observations and questions. Teaching thinking through objects appeals to many different kinds of learners…

Tishman, Shari

2008-01-01

495

Preschoolers Search for Hidden Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The issue of whether young children use spatio-temporal information (e.g., movement of objects through time and space) and/or contact-mechanical information (e.g., interaction between objects) to search for a hidden object was investigated. To determine whether one cue can have priority over the other, a dynamic event that put these cues into…

Haddad, Jeffrey M.; Chen, Yuping; Keen, Rachel

2011-01-01

496

Supporting dynamic parallel object arrays  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present efficient support for generalized arrays of parallel data driven objects. The “array elements” are scattered across a parallel machine. Each array element is an object that can be thought of as a virtual processor. The individual elements are addressed by their “index”, which can be an arbitrary object rather than a simple integer. For example, it can be

Orion Sky Lawlor; Laxmikant V. Kalé

2001-01-01

497

The fetish object: Phylogenetic considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Direct observations of behavior evoked by a fetish object (wet shoe) in one patient are reported. The intrinsic qualities of an object endowing it with fetish power are examined. Such qualities may be related to human perceptual preferences, a product of phylogeny, stemming from such factors as the primate interest in body parts and extracorporeal objects. The capacity to relate

Arthur W. Epstein

1975-01-01

498

Timed Action and Object Naming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Factors affecting object and action naming were compared in a timed picture-naming paradigm, for drawings of 520 objects and 275 actions, named by adult native speakers of English. Massive differences between object and action naming were observed for all dependent variables, and theoretically relevant differences emerged in the variables that predict retrieval of nouns vs. verbs in this task. Matching

Anna Szekely; Simonetta D'Amico; Antonella Devescovi; Kara Federmeier; Dan Herron; Gowri Iyer; Thomas Jacobsen; Anal'a L. Arévalo; Andras Vargha; Elizabeth Bates

2005-01-01

499

Direct manipulation of virtual objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interacting with a Virtual Environment (VE) generally requires the user to correctly perceive the relative position and orientation of virtual objects. For applications requiring interaction in personal space, the user may also need to accurately judge the position of the virtual object relative to that of a real object, for example, a virtual button and the user's real hand. This

Long K. Nguyen

2009-01-01

500

Ranking objects based on relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many document collections, documents are related to objects such as document authors, products described in the document, or persons referred to in the document. In many applications, the goal is to find these objects that best match a set of keywords. However, the keywords may not necessarily occur in the target objects; they occur only in the documents. For

Kaushik Chakrabarti; Venkatesh Ganti; Jiawei Han; Dong Xin

2006-01-01