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1

Evaluating Instructional Programs. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book details a total approach to writing objectives, designing measuring instruments, performing objective comparisons, and avoiding pitfalls in conducting three types of instructional program evaluations. Chapters discuss issues, problems, and solutions in the following sequence: (1) an overview of instructional program evaluation; (2)…

Tuckman, Bruce Wayne

2

The Evaluation of Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of four models of instructional materials evaluation is presented to synthesize the state of the art of such evaluation. A model for evaluation is then developed which includes the following elements: (1) context evaluation and needs assessment, (2) input evaluation, (3) determination of resources, (4) program planning, (5) program…

Webster, William J.

3

Subjective and objective evaluation of sense of space for vehicle occupants based on anthropometric data.  

PubMed

At present, the number of the vehicle requirements has been continuously increasing. These requirements can be related to the customer as well as the technical requirements. Among these, the "feeling of space" of the occupants inside the vehicles can be regarded as one of the most important factors. In this respect, the driver and passengers should be able to experience positive feeling of space inside the vehicle. There are numerous factors that can influence the sense of space inside the vehicle. These include geometry (vehicle dimensions), light exposure, ambient lights, colors, material selection and material surface. Depending on the selection, the sense of space can be dramatically influenced by these factors. In general, human feeling is subjective and cannot be measured by any instrument. The measure can nevertheless be carried out by utilizing the method of subjective evaluation. Throughout the experiments, the method of evaluation is developed and the factors which can influence the interior feeling are analyzed. In this process, psychological perception, architectural aspects and anthropometry are considered and knowledge from the other domains is transferred in the form of a multidisciplinary approach. The experiments with an aim to evaluate the overall sense of space in the vehicle are carried out based on the physical mock up of BMW 1 series (E87). The space perception with different interior dimensions and anthropometric data of test persons are also analyzed. The use of Computer Aided Technology was shown by CATIA V5, PCMAN and RAMSIS. The results show a good correlation between the subjective evaluation and the geometric values. PMID:22316731

Hiamtoe, Pitarn; Steinhardt, Florian; Köhler, Uwe; Bengler, Klaus

2012-01-01

4

Summative Evaluation of Instructional Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The summative evaluation of the money unit of the Money, Measurement, and Time program developed for educable mentally retarded elementary students is presented to illustrate instructional materials evaluation techniques. The types of information obtained, the techniques employed, and the usefulness of each are detailed. (Author/MV)

Krus, Patricia H.; And Others

1976-01-01

5

Evaluating Instructional Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructor rankings for three alternative teaching performance measures were compared. The measures were an outcome measure (in this case, a test of economics knowledge), student evaluations of teaching (SET), and a weighted average of the two. For each performance measure, two alternative approaches to ranking were considered. One simply compared…

Zietz, Joachim; Cochran, Howard H., Jr.; Wilson, Mark L.

6

An Evaluation of Instructional Television in Maine.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the findings of an evaluation by the Division of Program Review and Evaluation of state-supported instructional television (ITV) programming. The review involved the assessment of several elements of this instructional service as well ...

1976-01-01

7

Criticizing Instructional Materials Evaluation: Adding Meaningful Dimension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical evaluation of instructional materials is an important but often neglected aspect of instructional preparation. This study proposes evaluation that is more theoretically grounded in sociocultural and context-sensitive bases than are many evaluation guides. A new instrument was developed and applied to materials for teacher education as…

Nichols, Randall G.; And Others

8

Behavioral Instruction: An Evaluative Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The state of the art of behavioral instruction and examples of successful implementation of behaviorally-based college teaching are provided in this book. In Chapter 1, the Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) is covered, including a discussion of the problems inherent in traditional teaching methods that led to the development of…

Johnson, Kent R.; Ruskin, Robert S.

9

Studying Instructional Television: What Should Be Evaluated.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation of instructional television (ITV) is a new field with evaluation methods largely borrowed from other disciplines. The evaluator is not apt to be trained specifically in this area but will learn "on the job" while defining his role for those with whom he works. The evaluator should consider the following recommendations: (1)…

McAnany, Emile G.; And Others

10

Formative Instructional Product Evaluation; Instruments and Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A compilation of validated and non-validated instruments and evaluation strategies is presented. These are designed to elicit data regarding: 1) the sources of information utilized concerning the evaluation of instructional materials; and 2) categories or classifications of different types of evaluation activities employed in assessing the…

Lawson, Tom E.

11

Primer on preclinical instruction and evaluation.  

PubMed

This review summarizes the available literature for both instruction and evaluation of the novice dental and dental hygiene preclinical student. Effective instruction for dental and dental hygiene instrumentation requires knowledge of motor skills theory and mechanisms of fine motor skills attainment. The novice learner requires small, explicit steps that clearly define production. Prior to any performance, the skill to be performed should be envisioned accurately by the learner. Timely, precise feedback from the instructor to the learner contributes to learning. Novices are unable to judge their performance accurately, so self-assessment skills must be taught. Repetition enhances motor performance. Instruction is supported through well-designed evaluation instruments containing explicit criteria arranged in the correct order of production. Assessment tools should be designed to aid in providing specific, immediate feedback. Well-designed assessments may also aid in calibration of instructors. Examples of evaluation instruments are found in the literature, and several are reviewed in this article. For those responsible for preclinical performance assessment, application of current motor skills theory and development of appropriate instruction and evaluation instruments may result in improved student performance. Studies also indicate the instructional environment in the dental clinical setting may be less stressful if evaluation is based on achievement of target levels rather than multiple daily grades. PMID:19289728

Hauser, Anna Marie; Bowen, Denise M

2009-03-01

12

Evaluating Instructional Materials for Learning Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes an instructional material evaluation model that is based on R. Mager's approach to task analysis and may be applied to the selection of materials for learning disabled children. Procedures for listing specific objectives are reviewed, and steps for using the model to evaluate materials are presented. (SBH)

Hickman, Maribeth R.; Anderson, Carol R.

1979-01-01

13

Personalized Systems of Instruction: How Evaluate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Fred Keller's personalized system of instruction (PSI) has had a surprisingly rapid adoption in colleges and universities since its introduction in 1964, sound evaluation techniques for the method are still needed. Verbal reports are vague, while other methods that have been used are idiosyncratic and depend on the way the teacher…

Powers, Richard B.

14

Quality of Instruction Improved by Evaluation and Consultation of Instructors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One aim of student evaluation of instruction is the improvement of teaching quality, but there is little evidence that student assessment of instruction alone improves teaching. This study tried to improve the effects of evaluation by combining evaluation with individual counselling in an institutional development approach. Evaluation was…

Rindermann, Heiner; Kohler, Jurgen; Meisenberg, Gerhard

2007-01-01

15

Quality of Instruction Improved by Evaluation and Consultation of Instructors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One aim of student evaluation of instruction is the improvement of teaching quality, but there is little evidence that student assessment of instruction alone improves teaching. This study tried to improve the effects of evaluation by combining evaluation with individual counselling in an institutional development approach. Evaluation was…

Rindermann, Heiner; Kohler, Jurgen; Meisenberg, Gerhard

2007-01-01

16

Evaluation Techniques for Individualized Instruction: Revision and Summative Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the collection and analysis of summative data for a slide/tape self-instruction program on an introductory zoology course. Points of concern regarding curricular changes, teaching assistant training, student use, student performance evaluation, development, and revision are discussed from their unique perspectives within the summative…

Englert, DuWayne C.; And Others

1987-01-01

17

Evaluator's Guide for Microcomputer-Based Instructional Packages. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two instruments have been developed to aid teachers and other educators in evaluating educational software and courseware: the "Courseware Description" form and the "Courseware Evaluation" form. Complete instructions for using both forms are provided in this guide, along with the forms themselves. Prior to the instructions is an introductory…

International Council for Computers in Education, Eugene, OR.

18

Evaluation of Community College Instruction: A Background Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Highland Community College (Illinois) is currently developing procedures for the formal evaluation of its instruction, and will use this study on current practices and problems as a foundation. A review of recent research on the purposes of evaluation indicates that the most widely acceptable is the improvement of instruction. Appropriate…

Highland Community Coll., Freeport, IL.

19

Evaluating Web Based Instructional Models Using Association Rule Mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe an Integrated Development System for Instructional Model for E-learning (INDESIME) to create and\\u000a to maintain instructional models using adaptive technologies and collaborative tools. An authoring tool has also been developed\\u000a for helping to non-programming users to create Learning Management Systems (LMSs) courses that implement a specific instructional\\u000a model. Data mining techniques are proposed to evaluate

Enrique García; Cristóbal Romero; Sebastián Ventura; Carlos De Castro

2009-01-01

20

Instructional Development for the Florida PLATO Project: Process and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process used in the design and evaluation of modules of instruction with the PLATO IV Computer System for stimulus display and response recording is described. Steps in the instructional design process are listed as problem identification and task analysis, identification of entry characteristics, development of performance objectives,…

Broderick, William A.

21

Evaluating public opinion polls: designing a model for library instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to design and describe a model of instruction for librarians to effectively teach evaluation skills for public opinion polls. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper show a coherent framework for instruction was identified through a survey of the literature. Learning objectives or essential core questions were identified by looking at codes and standards from

Stephen Woods

2006-01-01

22

Intelligent Computer Assisted Instruction (ICAI): Formative Evaluation of Two Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report reviews major components of an 18 month evaluation of Intelligent Computer Assisted Instruction (ICAI), and emerging field of Artificial Intelligence that draws on computer technologies and cognitive science in an attempt to build more powerfu...

1986-01-01

23

An Evaluation of Computer-based Instruction in Microbiology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses whether computer-based instructional materials improve student learning. Evaluates a computer-based hypermedia tutorial that was delivered over a web site. (Contains 24 references.) (Author/YDS)|

Merkel, Susan M.; Walman, Laura B.; Leventhal, Jeremy S.

2000-01-01

24

Development and Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Spanish Course.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper describes the development and evaluation of a self-instructional Spanish course designed to produce an elementary communication skill, sufficient to cope with routine situations. The course has 106 printed lessons and associated tapes. There are...

G. H. Brown

1971-01-01

25

Evaluation Techniques for Individualized Instruction: Development and Formative Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Steps used in the formative evaluation of a project designed to incorporate self-instructional materials in an introductory zoology course included techniques which: (1) involved colleagues in the material development; (2) assessed relevant student characteristics, expectations, and evaluations; and (3) were used in the examinations. (MBR)

Bedient, Douglas; And Others

1986-01-01

26

Evaluation Techniques for Individualized Instruction: Development and Formative Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Steps used in the formative evaluation of a project designed to incorporate self-instructional materials in an introductory zoology course included techniques which: (1) involved colleagues in the material development; (2) assessed relevant student characteristics, expectations, and evaluations; and (3) were used in the examinations. (MBR)|

Bedient, Douglas; And Others

1986-01-01

27

Program Evaluation: Where Instruction and School Business Meet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author talks about program evaluation, a strategy commonly used by instructional leaders that can help school business officials improve their budget process. As districts struggle to develop budgets in these challenging economic times, school business officials might consider turning to program evaluation for help. Program…

Ayers, Steven V.

2011-01-01

28

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 90,045 surveys were sent out in 4,433 envelopes; 54,174 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 60%. Instructors' reports were provided to academic, workforce deans…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2009

2009-01-01

29

Evaluating instructional technology implementation in a higher education environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

For decades colleges and universities have experimented with various technological innovations to deliver instruction. Although not new in higher education, use of learning technology has greatly increased in recent years (Burnaska, 1998). This increased use brings an increased need for understanding the methodologies and approaches best suited to the evaluation of learning technologies in higher education. Here we first review

Cheryl Bullock; John Ory

2000-01-01

30

An Evaluation of Micro PLATO Fortran 77 Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated the use of computer assisted instruction in teaching Fortran 77 in the College of Engineering at Oregon State University. Also investigated the effect of such factors as mathematics and computer programming background on student performance in an introductory programming course sequence. (JN)

Funk, Kenneth; And Others

1986-01-01

31

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to part-time faculty and to some full- time faculty upon request. Because of the small number of the full-time faculty surveyed, their ratings were not included in the means in this report. However individual reports for the full-time faculty members were sent to the faculty through…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2004

2004-01-01

32

Evaluating Instructional Technology Implementation in a Higher Education Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

For decades colleges and universities have experimented with various technological innovations to deliver instruction. Although not new in higher education, use of learning technology has greatly increased in recent years (Burnaska, 1998). This increased use brings an increased need for understanding the methodologies and approaches best suited to the evaluation of learning technologies in higher education. Here we first review

Cheryl Bullock; John Ory

2000-01-01

33

Multi-Method Evaluation of Instruction in Engineering Classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student evaluation of instruction in college and university courses has been a routine and mandatory part of undergraduate and graduate education for some time. A major shortcoming of the process is that it often relies exclusively on the opinions or qualitative judgments of students rather than the learning or transfer of knowledge that takes place in the classroom. To develop

Ganesh Mohanty; John Gretes; Claudia Flowers; Bob Algozzine; Fred Spooner

2005-01-01

34

A Guide to Cooperative Appraisal: Improving Instruction Through Personnel Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide presents a cooperative appraisal plan for evaluating educators, and thereby improving instruction. The plan is based on identifying specific job targets as a way to meet the needs of the educators and their students. Educators on every level would work to describe their job responsibilities, pinpoint areas that need improvement, design…

Berg, Lyle

35

An Evaluation of Micro PLATO Fortran 77 Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluated the use of computer assisted instruction in teaching Fortran 77 in the College of Engineering at Oregon State University. Also investigated the effect of such factors as mathematics and computer programming background on student performance in an introductory programming course sequence. (JN)|

Funk, Kenneth; And Others

1986-01-01

36

Development and Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Spanish Course.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the development and evaluation of a self-instructional Spanish course that was designed to produce an elementary communication skill, sufficient to enable a visitor in a Spanish-speaking country to cope with routine situations he is l...

A. A. Cozzetto G. H. Brown R. Beym T. R. Smackey

1970-01-01

37

An Adaptive Evaluation Structure for Computer-Based Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adaptive Evaluation Structure (AES) is a set of linked computer programs designed to increase the effectiveness of interactive computer-assisted instruction at the college level. The package has four major features, the first of which is based on a prior cognitive inventory and on the accuracy and pace of student responses. AES adjusts materials…

Welsh, William A.

38

A Secondary SchoolAdministrator's Guide to Evaluating Reading Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

When evaluating reading instruction in a secondary school, the principal should focus on two questions, says this writer: how much reading is going on, and is the reading material appropriate for the reader? By answering these questions, the administrator can ensure a successful reading program.

Marcia A. Nash

1981-01-01

39

Evaluation of Individualized Instruction in Educational Statistics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three research questions were addressed: Is there a positive relationship between student views on the evaluation procedures being fair, and other variables, e.g., sex, achievement, and self-concept. Is there a positive relationship between student views ...

R. A. Karabinus S. E. Nord

1977-01-01

40

Refining instructional text generation after evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe how user-adapted explanations about drug prescriptions can be generated from already existing data sources. We start by illustrating the two-step approach employed in the first version of the natural language generator and the limitations of generated texts, that we discovered through analytical and empirical evaluations. We claim that, although style refinement would be needed in

Fiorella De Rosis; Floriana Grasso; Dianne C. Berry

1999-01-01

41

Overview of the Visual Arts Curriculum, and Its Relationship with Evaluation and Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluation and instruction play very important roles in curriculum implementation. As a result, the two concepts are often enshrined in the curriculum document. This article therefore examined the Visual Arts curriculum and its relationship with evaluation and instruction. Furthermore, the roles of Evaluation and Instruction in curriculum…

Imonikebe, Manasseh Emamoke

2013-01-01

42

Improving the Quality and Effectiveness of Computer-Mediated Instruction Through Usability Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Brigham Young University's Center for Instructional Design (CID) creates online courses and multimedia instructional applications for university faculty. This paper asserts that including usability testing as a part of evaluation improves the quality and effectiveness of computer-mediated instruction. The paper describes the fundamental purpose…

Crowther, Michael S.; Keller, Chris C.; Waddoups, Gregory L.

2004-01-01

43

Evaluation of academic librarians' instructional performance: Report of a national survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some types of library instruction easily allow student learning to be assessed (i.e., the self-paced workbook and credit-bearing library instruction), but there is no generally accepted means of measuring learning gained from the typical one-shot library instruction session. Instead, evaluation of library instruction tends to focus upon attendees' perceptions of the librarian's performance. This study reports the results of a

Patrick Ragains

1997-01-01

44

EVALUATION OF A SELF-INSTRUCTION PACKAGE FOR CONDUCTING STIMULUS PREFERENCE ASSESSMENTS  

PubMed Central

Research suggests that inexperienced individuals cannot accurately implement stimulus preference assessments given written instructions alone. Training that includes written instructions supplemented with feedback from a professional with expertise in conducting preference assessments has proven effective; unfortunately, expert-facilitated direct training may not be widely available. In the current study, we used multiple baseline designs to evaluate the efficacy of an antecedent-only self-instructional package to train staff members to implement two methods of stimulus preference assessments. Accuracy was low when participants had access to written instructions alone. When access to enhanced written instructions was provided (i.e., technical jargon was minimized; instructions included pictures, diagrams, and step-by-step examples), inexperienced staff accurately implemented the assessments. Results are discussed in terms of opportunities to disseminate behavior-analytic technologies through self-instruction and print resources.

Graff, Richard B; Karsten, Amanda M

2012-01-01

45

How Do Instructional Designers Evaluate? A Qualitative Study of Evaluation in Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study employed a qualitative research design to investigate how instructional designers use evaluation in everyday design practice. While past research has examined how designers spend their time, how they generally make decisions, and expert-novice differences, little attention has been paid to use of context, input, process, or product…

Williams, David D.; South, Joseph B.; Yanchar, Stephen C.; Wilson, Brent G.; Allen, Stephanie

2011-01-01

46

Observation of Instruction via Distance Learning: The Need for a New Evaluation Paradigm.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation of instruction via distance learning at the high school and college level offers special challenges, particularly the evaluation of one-way video--two-way audio instructional programs. The role of the teacher is radically changed and teaching strategies and course design are particularly important in a distance leaning environment.…

Malone, Bobby G.; Malm, Loren D.; Nay, Fred W.; Oliver, Brad E.; Saunders, Nancy G.; Thompson, Jay C.

47

Student Evaluation of Instruction in Higher Education: Exploring Issues of Validity and Reliability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many personnel committees at colleges and universities in the USA use student evaluation of faculty instruction to make decisions regarding tenure, promotion, merit pay or faculty professional development. This study examines the construct validity and internal consistency reliability of the student evaluation of instruction (SEI) used at a large…

Zhao, Jing; Gallant, Dorinda J.

2012-01-01

48

Programmed Instruction Manual for a New Solar and Energy Conservation Laboratory. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A programmed instruction course was developed, consisting of fifteen experiments encompassing eleven separate pieces of equipment operational in a solar and energy conservation lab. The programmed instruction manual for the lab was evaluated and revised during a workshop. This evaluation indicated that both the lab and manual are valuable tools…

State Univ. of New York, Farmingdale. Agricultural and Technical Coll.

49

The influence of participants in formative evaluation on the improvement of learning from written instructional materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Formative evaluation in instructional design is widely advocated as a means to improve instructional materials through tryouts with learners and experts and revision based on this feedback. Research on formative evaluation has sought to prove its effectiveness and to provide guidance as to which methods of collecting feedback and which sources of feedback are most effective in improving learning. It

Cynthia Weston; Cathrine Le Maistre; Lynn Mcalpine; Tino Bordonaro

1997-01-01

50

The Comprehensive Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Program on Functional Behavioral Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study evaluated a self-instructional tutorial on functional behavioral assessment (FBA) using a comprehensive model of evaluation. Participants included 30 content experts, design experts, special education training coordinators, and high education instructors. The self-instructional program was effective in teaching knowledge and skills and…

Liaupsin, Carl J.

2002-01-01

51

Programmed Instruction Manual for a New Solar and Energy Conservation Laboratory. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A programmed instruction course was developed, consisting of fifteen experiments encompassing eleven separate pieces of equipment operational in a solar and energy conservation lab. The programmed instruction manual for the lab was evaluated and revised during a workshop. This evaluation indicated that both the lab and manual are valuable tools…

State Univ. of New York, Farmingdale. Agricultural and Technical Coll.

52

An evaluation of speculative instruction execution on simultaneous multithreaded processors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern superscalar processors rely heavily on speculative execution for performance. For example, our measurements show that on a 6-issue superscalar, 93% of committed instructions for SPECINT95 are speculative. Without speculation, processor resources on such machines would be largely idle. In contrast to superscalars, simultaneous multithreaded (SMT) processors achieve high resource utilization by issuing instructions from multiple threads every cycle. An

Steven Swanson; Luke K. McDowell; Michael M. Swift; Susan J. Eggers; Henry M. Levy

2003-01-01

53

A Proposed Design for a Vocational Instructional Materials Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Before vocational instructional products are adopted for statewide dissemination in South Carolina, they must undergo a field test. An effective field test design incorporates collection of data about the instructional products, the students, and the teachers who use the products. The design of a control group and an experimental group compares…

Reynolds, Amelia B.

54

The Impact of Self-Evaluation Instruction on Student Self-Evaluation, Music Performance, and Self-Evaluation Accuracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author sought to determine whether self-evaluation instruction had an impact on student self-evaluation, music performance, and self-evaluation accuracy of music performance among middle school instrumentalists. Participants (N = 211) were students at a private middle school located in a metropolitan area of a mid-Atlantic state. Students in…

Hewitt, Michael P.

2011-01-01

55

The Impact of Self-Evaluation Instruction on Student Self-Evaluation, Music Performance, and Self-Evaluation Accuracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author sought to determine whether self-evaluation instruction had an impact on student self-evaluation, music performance, and self-evaluation accuracy of music performance among middle school instrumentalists. Participants (N = 211) were students at a private middle school located in a metropolitan area of a mid-Atlantic state. Students in…

Hewitt, Michael P.

2011-01-01

56

AFFTC Instruction 99-6, Test and Evaluation Commissioning Certificate.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Air Force Flight Test Center (AFFTC) Instruction establishes policies, procedures, and format for AFFTC Form 5001, Technical Support System/ Subsystem Test Verification Commissioning Certificates. This regulation applies to all development and Projec...

2002-01-01

57

Evaluation of Pictorial Assembly Instructions for Young Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: We examined the usability of common formats of pictorial toy assembly instructions for 6- and 9-year-old children. Background: Interlocking building toys and models are increasingly prevalent and important for developing spatial abilities and fine motor skills among children. Little is known about how effectively the intended child users can interpret and carry out the instructions. Method: Twenty-four children used

Cortney V. Martin; Tonya L. Smith-Jackson

2008-01-01

58

Satellite Instructional Television Experiment: Television Comes to Village. An Evaluation of SITE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluation of India's Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) investigated the process of existing rural communication, the role of television as a new medium of communication in SITE instructional areas, and the process of change brought about by television in the rural structure at the micro-level. The report includes…

Agrawal, Binod C.

59

Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS) Communication Arts 1985-86. OEA Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using both qualitative and quantitative data, the Office of Educational Assessment/Instructional Support Unit evaluated the 1985-1986 New York City Board of Education's Comprehensive Instructional Management Systems-Communication Arts (CIMS-CA) Project. The 1985-1986 CIMS-CA aimed to (1) implement an integrated communication arts program for…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn. Office of Educational Assessment.

60

Instructional Technology Assistance Project. Evaluation Report: Year Two, 2001-2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An evaluation was conducted of the Instructional Technology Assistance Project. Its goals were to promote learning in technologically enhanced classrooms; support adult education (AE) teachers in developing skills and confidence in integrating technology into instruction; and identify exemplary practices in technology enhanced AE. Data sources…

Porter, Paul

61

Using student reflections in the formative evaluation of instruction: a course-integrated approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes a case study that examines the use of a course-integrated model in the formative evaluation of instruction. Through informal yet structured questionnaires, learning journals, and classroom assessment techniques, student feedback is collected on a regular basis to help the instructor monitor the effectiveness of instruction and the quality of the learning environment. The article focuses on reporting

Lamiaa S. Youssef

2011-01-01

62

Using student reflections in the formative evaluation of instruction: a course-integrated approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes a case study that examines the use of a course-integrated model in the formative evaluation of instruction. Through informal yet structured questionnaires, learning journals, and classroom assessment techniques, student feedback is collected on a regular basis to help the instructor monitor the effectiveness of instruction and the quality of the learning environment. The article focuses on reporting

Lamiaa S. Youssef

2012-01-01

63

Instructional and Evaluative Use of Online Contests: A Pilot Study for Undergraduate Information Technology Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study aims to contribute to classroom instruction of undergraduate education faculty students through development of an online contest, and evaluation of test items based on participants' responses. It is a pilot study which covers four units of a single course offered in the Department of Computer Education and Instructional

Cevik, Abdullah; Akbulut, Yavuz

2007-01-01

64

Promoting and Supporting Scientific Argumentation in the Classroom: The Evaluate-Alternatives Instructional Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an instructional model that science teachers can use to promote and support student engagement in scientific argumentation. This model is called the evaluate-alternatives instructional model and it is grounded in current research on argumentation in science education (e.g., Berland and Reiser 2009; McNeill and Krajcik 2006;…

Sampson, Victor; Grooms, Jonathon

2009-01-01

65

Implementing a Completely Web-based Nursing Research Course: Instructional Design, Process, and Evaluation Considerations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a master's-level nursing research course taught entirely online, including instructional design considerations (faculty commitments, technical issues, library resources, intellectual property), process (student expectations, participation), and evaluation design. (SK)

Wills, Celia E.; Stommel, Manfred; Simmons, Michael

2001-01-01

66

Computer-Managed Instruction: Development and Evaluation of Student Skill Modules to Reduce Training Time.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development and evaluation of the CMI Student Skills Project are described within the context of the Air Force Advanced Instructional System (AIS). The student skill modules developed were designed as short packages to be assigned near the beginning o...

B. L. McCombs J. L. Dobrovolny W. A. Judd

1979-01-01

67

Effects of Instruction in Methodological Reasoning on Information Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an instructional program focusing on the application of causal reasoning and related principles of the scientific method to problems that occur in daily life. Reports the results of a capstone exercise that investigated the changes in students' beliefs towards legalization of marijuana after reading persuasive communications. (CMK)|

Leshowitz, Barry; DiCerbo, Kristen Eignor; Okun, Morris A.

2002-01-01

68

Preschoolers' Compliance with Simple Instructions: A Descriptive and Experimental Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Compliance" is often used to describe a situation in which a child completes instructions from adults, and low levels of compliance are a common teacher concern. We conducted a descriptive assessment that showed that compliance was relatively stable for individual children, variable across children, and positively correlated with age. The impact…

Stephenson, Kasey M.; Hanley, Gregory P.

2010-01-01

69

Typical Faculty Concerns About Student Evaluation of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven typical faculty concerns about the appropriateness of using ratings of instructor and instruction are examined. These are summarized in terms of common observations frequently expressed by faculty: (1) Students cannot make consistent judgments because of their immaturity, lack of experience, and capriciousness; and a widely held belief is…

Aleamoni, Lawrence M.

70

A Pre-Posttest Evaluation of Livestock Management Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Iowa high schools using instructional materials on total quality management (TQM) livestock practices, 1,099 students (68%) responded to a survey; 732 in a one-year follow-up. Females rated their use of TQM practices higher; 10th and 11th graders had higher ratings than 12th graders. Difficulties in survey administration suggested that…

Gamon, Julia A.; Shih, Ching-Chun; Wu, Chia-Hsing

1997-01-01

71

An Evaluation of the Costs of Computer-Assisted Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Estimates costs and cost feasibility of using computer-assisted instruction (CAI) or compensatory education on the elementary and secondary school levels for disadvantaged children. Data were collected from an experiment sponsored in Los Angeles schools by the National Institute of Education. Journal available from Ballinger Publishing Company, 17…

Levin, Henry M.; Woo, Louis

1981-01-01

72

Effects of Instruction in Methodological Reasoning on Information Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an instructional program focusing on the application of causal reasoning and related principles of the scientific method to problems that occur in daily life. Reports the results of a capstone exercise that investigated the changes in students' beliefs towards legalization of marijuana after reading persuasive communications. (CMK)

Leshowitz, Barry; DiCerbo, Kristen Eignor; Okun, Morris A.

2002-01-01

73

Experimental Evaluation of an Instructional Supporting Tool in Distance Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a controlled experiment concerning the use of a learning aid during an open and distance learning (ODL) course. The core issue of investigation is whether this instructional aid can support, guide, and scaffold the distant student in his/her study. For this purpose, a controlled experiment was conducted with the participation…

Karoulis, Athanasis; Stamelos, Ioannis; Angelis, Lefteris

2008-01-01

74

Standards-Based Approaches to the Evaluation of ESL Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major thrust within the language teaching profession at the present time is the development and deployment of standards\\u000a for instructional design. The standards movement has had a significant impact on curriculum development in Europe, North America\\u000a and Australia. Within the International TESOL Association, standards have recently been developed for the following: Pre-K-12\\u000a content and assessment standards; standards for Intensive

David Nunan

75

A MultiDimensional Framework for Evaluation of Instructional Consultation Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a multidimensional framework for evaluating team-based services in schools. The theory and literature on developmental, causal and confirmatory program evaluation are discussed as the foundation for this framework. The model of Instructional Consultation Teams (IC-Teams) is presented as an illustration of how program evaluation research supports program development and provides evidence of program impact. The inferred impact

Todd A. Gravois; Sylvia Rosenfield

2002-01-01

76

First Impressions and Professor Reputation: Influence on Student Evaluations of Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the effects of professor reputation versus first impressions on student evaluations of instruction. Students in 19 Psychology courses completed course evaluation surveys either before meeting the instructor or 2 weeks into the semester. Both groups then completed the course evaluation again at the end of the semester. Unlike…

Buchert, Stephanie; Laws, Eric L.; Apperson, Jennifer M.; Bregman, Norman J.

2008-01-01

77

If Teaching is Important...The Evaluation of Instruction in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined is the critical issue of the quality of teaching and learning in postsecondary education. Written by nine experts in the evaluation of instruction, the book asks the questions: Should university teachers be evaluated?; If so, with what goals in mind and by what methods should they be judged?; What are the effects of teacher evaluation on…

Knapper, Christopher K., Ed.; And Others

78

Empirical Study of Instructional Materials Evaluation in Special Education. Monograph Series No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate the potentialities of teachers as evaluators of instructional materials and to develop an inclusive form to cover all of the necessary evaluative aspects of a material and its use, 16 teachers of the educable retarded participated in an institute. Four member teams played a game in which they studied materials and identified…

Levine, S. Joseph

79

Industrial Sewing Instructional Materials Evaluation, 7/1/81-6/15/82.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to evaluate the industrial sewing instructional materials used in South Carolina secondary home economics programs to determine the extent to which they enabled students to achieve the cognitive performance skills and tasks incorporated in the curriculum. Procedures used in the evaluation were the following: (1) the first…

Brailsford, Amelia T.

80

Evaluating Effective Teaching in College Level Economics Using Student Ratings of Instruction: A Factor Analytic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the factors that affect students' evaluation of economic instruction using a sample of 1300 completed rating instruments at a comprehensive four-year mid-western public university. The study uses factor analysis to determine the validity and reliability of the evaluation instrument in assessing instructor or course…

Agbetsiafa, Douglas

2010-01-01

81

Designing, Producing, and Evaluating an Instructional Telecourse: A Model for Involving the Adult Learner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a model for planning, producing, and evaluating instructional television for the adult learner, which involves the interaction of faculty, television professionals, and students in the curricular content planning and the development of television scripts. A method of formative evaluation using student input is also presented, and results…

Baba, Marietta Lynn; And Others

1980-01-01

82

Quantitative and qualitative evaluation of interactive videodisk instructional modules in preclinical neuropathology education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the design and implementation of 10 neuropathology interactive videodisk instructional (IVI) modules used by Michigan State University medical students in the College of Osteopathic Medicine and the College of Human Medicine. The evaluation strategy incorporated a mixed?method approach utilizing qualitative and quantitative data to examine (a) levels of student acceptance for the

Kathryn L. Lovell; Perrin E. Parkhurst; Sarah A. Sprafka; Mark W. Hodgins; Patricia Bean

1993-01-01

83

Evaluating Three Elementary Mathematics Programs for Presence of Eight Research-Based Instructional Design Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present review builds on earlier research that evaluated the curricular features of core math programs to improve the performances of students with or at risk for mathematics difficulties. In this review, three elementary math programs, at Grades 2 and 4, were evaluated for the presence of eight instructional principles. Math intervention…

Doabler, Christian T.; Fien, Hank; Nelson-Walker, Nancy J.; Baker, Scott K.

2012-01-01

84

Evaluation: Processes and Practices. Selected Papers from the Conference for the Evaluation of Instructional Materials (Washington, D.C., April 5-6, 1968).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selected papers from the Conference for the Evaluation of Instructional Materials treat the area of evaluation by describing Richard Dershimer's three-part evaluative schema, the Educational Products Information Exchange approach to evaluating instructional materials, the evaluation procedures in Montgomery county (Maryland), the Consumers Union…

Swisher, Ginny, Ed.; And Others

85

Evaluation of Instructional Outcomes: The Use of Unstructured Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Encouraging a broader view of educational evaluation by emphasizing systematic means for the collection and analysis of a wide variety of types of evaluation data at all educational levels, an extension is proposed to the evaluation rationale formulated several years ago by Ralph W. Tyler. The revised model, patterned after the "multiform…

Finn, Jeremy D.

86

Researching Instructional Materials Evaluation: Adding Socio-Cultural Dimensions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research project to evaluate materials for teacher education is described that reviews the development of evaluation tools, provides new measures, and applies the new measures to current visual materials. It is expected that as the study continues, it will reveal several explicit and implicit ideological stereotypes and assumptions about beliefs…

Robinson, Rhonda S.; And Others

87

Evaluation of Individualized Instruction for Welders-HT [Hull Technician]"A" School, San Diego.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A preliminary evaluation is made of an individualized training program for fuel gas and arc welding at Hull Technician Class A School, San Diego. Individualized instruction differed from former training procedures in that students were able to select the content, rate, and method most appropriate to their learning experience. Subjects were 184…

Safarjan, William R.; Abrams, Macy L.

88

Course-centered approach to evaluating university library collections for instructional program reviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes a course-centered approach to the evaluation of university library collections for instructional program reviews. Summarizes the author’s experience with preparing library reports for systematic program reviews in the agricultural sciences at the University of Saskatchewan. The method is based on the assessment of collections supporting individual courses by comparing the numbers of monographs and journal articles available directly to

Yelena Pancheshnikov

2003-01-01

89

Evaluation of an Innovative Approach to English Composition Instruction: Phases Two and Three.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Phases two and three of an evaluation of an innovative approach to English Composition instruction at Long Beach City College are reported. In the innovative approach, each class was divided into two groups of 15 students each, which met twice each week to discuss topics for writing, to read and revise first drafts of papers, and to discuss basic…

Burne, Kevin

90

Sight Word Instruction for Students with Autism: An Evaluation of the Evidence Base  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviews the evidence on sight word instruction as a method of teaching students with autism and significant cognitive and verbal limitations to read printed words. Nine single-subject studies were rated using Reichow et al.'s ("J Autism Dev Disord" 38:1311-1319, 2008) evaluative method for identifying evidence-based practice, and…

Spector, Janet E.

2011-01-01

91

Evaluation of an Innovative Approach to English Composition Instruction: Phases Two and Three.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Phases two and three of an evaluation of an innovative approach to English Composition instruction at Long Beach City College are reported. In the innovative approach, each class was divided into two groups of 15 students each, which met twice each week to discuss topics for writing, to read and revise first drafts of papers, and to discuss basic…

Burne, Kevin

92

A Preliminary Evaluation of Instructional Effectiveness of Online Training Implemented at a Government Agency in Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Online training has become popular in the professional development of government employees in Thailand. One large government agency developed an online program to provide training to its employees across the country using two systems: an Internet and Intranet-based system. With the new program implemented, the evaluation of the instructional

Supanakorn-Davila, Supawan; Bolliger, Doris U.

2012-01-01

93

Building Library Media Collections: Policies and Procedures for Evaluation and Selection of Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of legal documents and guidelines is intended for use when designing new policies or revising existing policies for the evaluation and selection of print and nonprint instructional materials for elementary and secondary schools and their media centers. These materials focus on the following: (1) textbooks, materials of…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

94

The Development and Application of an Instructional Materials Evaluation System: Preacademic Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A generic product evaluation system was developed and validated when 13 qualified regular and special educators were trained to estimate the developmental appropriateness of 239 instructional materials. The teams provided feedback for product revision and supplementary use. The data had implications for long term planning, marketing techniques,…

Mischio, George S.; Franks, David J.

1982-01-01

95

Instruction Materials Evaluation/Selection Process in the Chicago Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between Board of Education policy designed to promote cultural, ethnic, and racial understanding, and the instructional materials most widely available and used in the Chicago (Illinois) Public Schools was studied. Teachers, district administrators, and principals were surveyed to understand the process of selecting and evaluating

Chicago Board of Education, IL. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

96

A Preliminary Evaluation of Instructional Effectiveness of Online Training Implemented at a Government Agency in Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online training has become popular in the professional development of government employees in Thailand. One large government agency developed an online program to provide training to its employees across the country using two systems: an Internet and Intranet-based system. With the new program implemented, the evaluation of the instructional

Supanakorn-Davila, Supawan; Bolliger, Doris U.

2012-01-01

97

Design and Evaluation of Interactive Instruction System: Impression for a Distance Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to perform effective real-time online distance classes with multimedia educational materials, we have developed interactive instruction system named IMPRESSION which facilitates interactive presentation of several multimedia educational materials provided by Web server on the Internet. In this paper, we clarify the concept of our system, design and implement it. And we evaluate effectiveness of our system through the

Y. Higuchi; M. Oyamada; T. Mitsuishi; S. Iwasaki

2005-01-01

98

Developing and Evaluating an Interactive Multimedia Instructional Tool: Learning Outcomes and User Experiences of Optometry Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study developed an interactive multimedia-based software program for Optics instruction, which was expected to overcome the imperfection of traditional optical labs. The researcher evaluated the effectiveness of the program through an experimental study that compared the learning outcomes of the students who used and did not use the…

Wang, Ling

2008-01-01

99

Instructional Supervision: A Descriptive Study Focusing on the Observation and Evaluation of Teachers in Cyberschools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1996, K-12 schools are increasingly moving from a traditional, face-to-face educational environment to an online learning environment utilizing technologies to deliver instruction primarily via the Internet. As this trend continues, administrators familiar with traditional supervisory methods will observe and evaluate teachers of online…

Farley, Gregory Charles

2010-01-01

100

Critical Evaluations and Instructional Potential of Authoring and Titled Program Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes and evaluates the instructional uses of the Claris Works and Ultimedia Tools Series authoring programs and the following titled software programs: CNN Time Capsule: 100 Defining Moments of 1993; Windows Magazine: 1994; Ultimate Digital Studio; Data Trek Manager Series; and Cinemania '95. (AEF)

Reppert, James E.

101

A Summative Evaluation of Computer Assisted Instruction in U. S. Army Basic Electronics Training. Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented in this report is an extension of the feasibility and follow-up studies on computer-assisted instruction (CAI) in the U.S. Army's Basic Electronic Training Course. The report is oriented toward demonstrating the viability of CAI coping with a large block (102 hours) of material under real-time training conditions. This evaluation is a…

Longo, Alexander A.

102

Instructional Supervision: A Descriptive Study Focusing on the Observation and Evaluation of Teachers in Cyberschools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since 1996, K-12 schools are increasingly moving from a traditional, face-to-face educational environment to an online learning environment utilizing technologies to deliver instruction primarily via the Internet. As this trend continues, administrators familiar with traditional supervisory methods will observe and evaluate teachers of online…

Farley, Gregory Charles

2010-01-01

103

Evaluation of a Text Compression Algorithm Against Computer-Aided Instruction (CAI) Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes the initial evaluation of a text compression algorithm against computer assisted instruction (CAI) material. A review of some concepts related to statistical text compression is followed by a detailed description of a practical text compression algorithm. A simulation of the algorithm was programed and used to obtain…

Knight, Joseph M., Jr.

104

An Evaluation of Interactive Satellite Television as a Delivery System for High School Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An evaluative questionnaire completed by 30 high school principals and 159 high school students who used the TI-IN Network demonstrated the advantages of interactive satellite television instruction for rural and small schools. The study found that a large number of subscribers to TI-IN were small rural high schools whose principals stated that…

Barker, Bruce O.

105

A Moderate Constructivist E-Learning Instructional Model Evaluated on Computer Specialists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a novel instructional model for e-learning and an evaluation study to determine the effectiveness of this model for teaching Java language programming to information technology specialists working for the Spanish Public Administration. This is a general-purpose model that combines objectivist and constructivist learning…

Alonso, Fernando; Manrique, Daniel; Vines, Jose M.

2009-01-01

106

Proceedings of Conference for the Evaluation of Instructional Materials (Washington, D.C., April 5-6, 1968).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conference participants, who are members in the 14 federally funded Instructional Materials Centers and the Council for Exceptional Children-Educational Resources Information Center, present papers on instructional materials. George M. Olshin discusses the challenge and opportunity of evaluation, Richard A. Dershimer speaks on evaluation and…

George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Special Education Instructional Materials Center.

107

Recommendations for Eliminating Discrimination in the Instructional Program [And] Guidelines for the Evaluation of Print and Non-print Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide for affirmative action practices is designed to eliminate discrimination and inappropriate stereotyping in the curriculum practices of the Kalamazoo Public Schools. It sets forth related goals, implementation plans, and evaluation procedures for each aspect of the instructional program. Specific instructional performance objectives are…

Kalamazoo Public Schools, MI.

108

Effects of alternative outcome scenarios and structured outcome evaluation on case-based ethics instruction.  

PubMed

Case-based instruction has been regarded by many as a viable alternative to traditional lecture-based education and training. However, little is known about how case-based training techniques impact training effectiveness. This study examined the effects of two such techniques: (a) presentation of alternative outcome scenarios to a case, and (b) conducting a structured outcome evaluation. Consistent with the hypotheses, results indicate that presentation of alternative outcome scenarios reduced knowledge acquisition, reduced sensemaking and ethical decision-making strategy use, and reduced decision ethicality. Conducting a structured outcome evaluation had no impact on these outcomes. Results indicate that those who use case-based instruction should take care to use clear, less complex cases with only a singular outcome if they are seeking these types of outcomes. PMID:23065538

Peacock, Juandre; Harkrider, Lauren N; Bagdasarov, Zhanna; Connelly, Shane; Johnson, James F; Thiel, Chase E; Macdougall, Alexandra E; Mumford, Michael D; Devenport, Lynn D

2012-10-13

109

The Impact of Eyewitness Expert Evidence and Judicial Instruction on Juror Ability to Evaluate Eyewitness Testimony  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been argued that psychologists should provide expert evidence to help jurors discriminate between accurate and inaccurate\\u000a eyewitness identifications. In this article we compare the effects of judicial instruction with expert evidence that is either\\u000a congruent or incongruent with the ground truth, focusing on juror ability to evaluate “real” eyewitness evidence. In contrast\\u000a to studies which have employed “fictional”

Kristy A. Martire; Richard I. Kemp

2009-01-01

110

Theory-Based Evaluation of Instruction: Implications for Improving Student Learning Achievement in Postsecondary Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a While student global ratings of college courses historically predict learning achievement, the majority of recent U.S. college\\u000a graduates lack proficiency in desired skills. Teaching and Learning Quality (TALQ), a new course evaluation instrument, was\\u000a developed from extant instructional theory that promotes student learning. A survey of 193 students in 111 different courses\\u000a at multiple institutions was conducted using TALQ. Results

Theodore Frick; Rajat Chadha; Carol Watson; Ying Wang

111

The Development and Evaluation of a Teleprocessed Computer-Assisted Instruction Course in the Recognition of Malarial Parasites.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report covers the development and evaluation of a computer-assisted instruction course in the recognition of malarial parasites, which includes stage discrimination, species discrimination, and case histories. Segments developed use Coursewriter as a...

H. E. Mitzel

1968-01-01

112

AN EVALUATION OF MAIN IDEA STRATEGY INSTRUCTION IN FOUR COMMERCIAL READING PROGRAMS: IMPLICATIONS FOR STUDENTS WITH LEARNING PROBLEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated four commercial reading programs at the second, fourth, and sixth grade levels with respect to main idea instructional practices (e.g., objectives, strategy instruction) and readability of text. In addition, text type (i.e., fictional, non fictional) and text length (i.e., short, intermediate, or long) of main idea tasks were rated. Finally, the type of main idea tasks (i.e.,

2001-01-01

113

Assessment for Instructional Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A model to evaluate educational administrators' instructional leadership skills and behaviors is described in this paper. A review of literature indicates that methodology for assessing instructional leaders is lacking. An evaluation model is presented, which is based on the following stages: (1) interview; (2) evaluation of instructional

Prickett, R. L.; And Others

114

An evaluation of the high-probability instruction sequence with and without programmed reinforcement for compliance with high-probability instructions.  

PubMed

We assessed the effects of reinforcement and no reinforcement for compliance to high-probability (high-p) instructions on compliance to low-probability (low-p) instructions using a reversal design. For both participants, compliance with the low-p instruction increased only when compliance with high-p instructions was followed by reinforcement. These results suggest that providing reinforcement for high-p instructions may result in increased compliance to low-p instructions. PMID:18816986

Zuluaga, Carlos A; Normand, Matthew P

2008-01-01

115

An Evaluation of the High-Probability Instruction Sequence with and Without Programmed Reinforcement for Compliance with High-Probability Instructions  

PubMed Central

We assessed the effects of reinforcement and no reinforcement for compliance to high-probability (high-p) instructions on compliance to low-probability (low-p) instructions using a reversal design. For both participants, compliance with the low-p instruction increased only when compliance with high-p instructions was followed by reinforcement. These results suggest that providing reinforcement for high-p instructions may result in increased compliance to low-p instructions.

Zuluaga, Carlos A; Normand, Matthew P

2008-01-01

116

The Effects of Self-Evaluation as an Instructional Feedback Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study investigated instructional methodology in relation to the effectiveness of different instructional feedback strategies that can be used in regular classroom situations. Experimental conditions were created to investigate whether, in addition to...

L. M. Carey

1979-01-01

117

Evaluation of a Self-Instruction Package for Conducting Stimulus Preference Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research suggests that inexperienced individuals cannot accurately implement stimulus preference assessments given written instructions alone. Training that includes written instructions supplemented with feedback from a professional with expertise in conducting preference assessments has proven effective; unfortunately, expert-facilitated direct…

Graff, Richard B.; Karsten, Amanda M.

2012-01-01

118

A Comparative Evaluation of Computer Based and Non-Computer Based Instructional Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares the computer assisted instruction (CAI) tutorial with its non-computerized pedagogical roots: the Socratic Dialog with Skinner's Programmed Instruction. Tests the effectiveness of a CAI tutorial on diffusion and osmosis against four other interactive and non-interactive instructional strategies. Notes computer based strategies were…

Emerson, Ian

1988-01-01

119

The evaluation of influences impacting the amount of science instructional time in elementary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many challenges face the modern elementary teacher in the implementation of quality science instruction. Time for instruction continues to be pressured by various factors, including district curriculum requirements, state-mandated special programs, and administration of a variety of assessment measures. This study investigates the influence of three factors influencing the amount of time teachers allocate for elementary science instruction in a

Michael Burke Cowan

1999-01-01

120

Instructional Quality, Student Satisfaction, Student Success, and Student Evaluations of Faculty: What Are the Issues in Higher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews issues in student satisfaction and evaluation of faculty as factors in determining instructional quality. It is based on a recent controversy at the University of Calgary (Alberta) which centered around the proposed publication of the results of student evaluations of faculty (SEFs) and was intended to help students, as…

Jacobsen, Michele

121

Evaluation of Enhanced Academic Instruction in After-School Programs. Findings After the First Year of Implementation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents findings, after one year of program implementation, from the Evaluation of Enhanced Academic Instruction in After-School Programs a two-year intervention and random assignment evaluation of adapted models of regular-school-day math an...

A. R. Black F. Doolittle P. Zhu R. Unterman R. B. Grossman

2008-01-01

122

Bibliographic Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In April, 1994 Mercy College completed an extended self-study in preparation for a team visit from The Commission on Higher Education, Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools. This article examines the impact of institutional evaluation on the library's bibliographic instruction program, and its evolution into an information literacy program responsive to changes in student demographics, curriculum content, assessment methods,

Ann M. Klavano; Eleanor R. Kulleseid

1995-01-01

123

EVALUATING THE EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS FOR SELECTED AREAS OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE TWO MAJOR PHASES OF THIS RESEARCH WERE (1) ANALYZING TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION TO IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE PRIMARY VOCATIONAL SKILLS, AND (2) DEVELOPING AND EVALUATING NINE SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL UNITS. THREE INSTRUMENTS WERE USED IN ANALYZING VOCATIONAL CONTENT SOURCES TO IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE GENERAL BEHAVIORS AS WELL AS TRADE-SPECIFIC…

COFFEY, JOHN L.; AND OTHERS

124

Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS) Mathematics Project 1985-1986 End of Year Report. OEA Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes the Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS), which includes a teacher-developed mathematics curriculum for kindergarten through grade seven, corresponding criterion-referenced tests, and a computerized test scoring and reporting management system. The evaluation focused on the five pilot districts in New York…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn. Office of Educational Assessment.

125

Comprehensive Instructional Managmenent Systems-Communication Arts (CIMS-CA), 1988-89. Evaluation Section Report. OREA REport.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents the results of the evaluation of the 1988-89 Comprehensive Instructional Management Systems-Communication Arts (CIMS-CA) program, which focused on developing a holistic communication arts curriculum and staff development program reflecting the most recent research for students in kindergarten through eighth grade;…

Guerrero, Frank; And Others

126

Case Studies in Evaluating the Benefits and Costs of Mediated Instruction and Distributed Learning: Synopses/Summaries of Eight Cases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report summarizes eight case studies undertaken to evaluate the benefits and costs of mediated instruction and distributed learning. The case studies included: (1) "The Master's Degree in Social Work at Cleveland State University and the University of Akron: A Case Study of the Benefits and Costs of a Joint Degree Program Offered via…

Young, Frank

127

Sampling and Analysis Instruction for Evaluation of Residual Chromium Contamination in the Subsurface Soil at 100-C-7  

SciTech Connect

This sampling and analysis instruction (SAI) provides the requirements for sample collection and laboratory analysis to evaluate the extent of hexavalent chromium contamination present in the soil below the 100-C-7 and 100-C-7:1 remedial action waste site excavations.

W. S. Thompson

2007-02-15

128

TEACH-M: A pilot study evaluating an instructional sequence for persons with impaired memory and executive functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary objective: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate an instructional package that facilitates learning and retention of multi-step procedures for persons with severe memory and executive function impairments resulting from traumatic brain injury. Research design: The study used a multiple baseline across participants design. Methods and procedures: Four participants, two males and two females, ranging in age

L. A. EHLHARDT; M. M. SOHLBERG; A. GLANG; R. ALBIN

2005-01-01

129

Exploring Instructional Strategies to Develop Prospective Elementary Teachers' Children's Literature Book Evaluation Skills for Science, Ecology and Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is an auto-ethnographic account of the development of a children's literature book critique assignment by a science teacher educator sharing instructional dilemmas and pedagogical responses. Prospective elementary teachers enrolled in an elementary school science teaching methods course in the US selected and evaluated children's…

Hug, J. William

2010-01-01

130

Understanding Acid-Base Concepts: Evaluating the Efficacy of a Senior High School Student-Centred Instructional Program in Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was a mixed quantitative-qualitative research to evaluate the efficacy of a designed student-centred instructional (DSCI) program for teaching about acids and bases. The teaching innovation was designed based on constructivist, hands-on inquiry and context-based approaches and implemented in seven 45-min lessons with a class of 36…

Rahayu, Sri; Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Treagust, David F.; Kita, Masakazu; Ibnu, Suhadi

2011-01-01

131

An evaluation of the use of microcomputer-based laboratory instruction on middle school students' concept attainment and attitudes towards computer-based instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advent of instructional technology has become an integral part of the learning process, thought by many to be a vital component in the reform of science instruction. Microcomputer-Based Laboratory (MBL) is an instructional technology environment in which a computer is connected through its Universal Serial Box (USB) port or an interface (for older models) with sensors to control the

Sergio Albina Osio

2002-01-01

132

Commercial Carpentry: Instructional Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual contains instructional materials which measure student performance on commercial carpentry behavioral objectives; criterion-referenced evaluation instruments are also included. Each of the manual's eleven sections consists of one or more units of instruction. Each instructional unit includes behavioral objectives, suggested activities…

Diehl, Donald W.; Penner, Wayman R.

133

Instructional Design: System Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended as a source for those who desire to apply a coherent system of instructional design, thereby insuring accountability. Chapter 1 covers the instructional design process, including: instructional technology; the role of evaluation; goal setting; the psychology of teaching and learning; task analysis; operational objectives;…

Ledford, Bruce R.; Sleeman, Phillip J.

134

Learning from Instructional Rounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional rounds are a disciplined way for educators to work together to improve a school's instructional core. The practice combines three common elements of improvement: classroom observation, an improvement strategy, and a network. Instructional rounds differ from supervision and evaluation in that people doing rounds learn something…

City, Elizabeth A.

2011-01-01

135

Instructional Design: System Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is intended as a source for those who desire to apply a coherent system of instructional design, thereby insuring accountability. Chapter 1 covers the instructional design process, including: instructional technology; the role of evaluation; goal setting; the psychology of teaching and learning; task analysis; operational objectives;…

Ledford, Bruce R.; Sleeman, Phillip J.

136

To See and Be Seen: Exploring Layers of Instructional Leadership and Supervision in the Enactment of a District-Wide Teacher Evaluation Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This dissertation analyzes instructional leadership and evaluation protocols from a large, diverse district in the Southeastern United States in order to investigate layers of accountability and tensions created when principals are asked to fill the dual roles of both instructional leader and supervisor in a newly implemented teacher evaluation

Neale, Jenifer

2011-01-01

137

Promoting instructional change in new faculty: An evaluation of the physics and astronomy new faculty workshop  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important finding of physics and astronomy education research (PAER) is that traditional, transmission-based instructional approaches are not effective in promoting meaningful student learning. Instead, PAER research suggests that physics and astronomy should be taught using more interactive instructional methods. These ways of teaching require significant changes in the way faculty think about teaching and learning and corresponding changes in

Charles Henderson

2008-01-01

138

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Explicit Instruction on Implicit and Explicit L2 Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of explicit instruction on second language (L2) learners' implicit and explicit knowledge of English. Explicit instruction on the generic and non-generic use of English articles was delivered by CALL activities. Four tasks assessed acquisition: elicited imitation, oral production, grammaticality judgement, and…

Akakura, Motoko

2012-01-01

139

Russian/Greek Bilingual Comprehensive Instructional Program, 1989-90. OREA Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1989-90 school year, the Russian/Greek Bilingual Comprehensive Instructional program was fully implemented, serving 707 limited-English-speaking native Russian- and Greek-speaking students at seven public and three private high schools. Participating students received instruction in English as a Second Language (ESL), native language…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Research, Evaluation, and Assessment.

140

Direct Instruction in Reading in Special Education: Evaluation of an Innovation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All children can learn. Each child learns in numerous ways and at a different pace. When children are given opportunity, appropriate foundation, support, and precise instruction, learning is enhanced and encouraged. This study investigated an instructional approach for teaching reading to elementary students who were determined to have a learning…

Jackson, Sherry D.

2010-01-01

141

On the evaluation of systemic science education reform: Searching for instructional sensitivity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a multilevel-multifaceted approach to evaluating the impact of education reform on student achievement that would be sensitive to context and small treatment effects. The approach uses different assessments based on their proximity to the enacted curriculum. Immediate assessments are artifacts (students' products) from the enactment of the curriculum; close assessments parallel the content and activities of the unit/curriculum; proximal assessments tap knowledge and skills relevant to the curriculum, but topics can be different; and distal assessments reflect state/national standards in a particular knowledge domain. To provide evidence about the sensitivity of the multilevel approach in ascertaining outcomes of hands-on science programs we administered close, proximal, and distal performance assessments to evaluate the impact of instruction based on two Full Option Science System units - Variables, and Mixtures and Solutions - in a Bay Area school district. Results indicated that close assessments were more sensitive to the changes in students' pre- to post-test performance than proximal assessments.

Araceli Ruiz-Primo, Maria; Shavelson, Richard J.; Hamilton, Laura; Klein, Steve

2002-05-01

142

Evaluating Local Indirect Addressing in SIMD (Single Instruction Stream, Multiple Data Stream) processors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the design of parallel computers, there exists a tradeoff between the number and power of individual processors. The single instruction stream, multiple data stream (SIMD) model of parallel computers lies at one extreme of the resulting spectrum. The a...

D. Middleton S. Tomboulian

1989-01-01

143

Development and evaluation of a computer-assisted instruction package in clinical pharmacology for nursing students.  

PubMed

Recent reports commissioned by the Australian Government have highlighted the need to improve medication use in both community and hospital settings. Nurses are placed ideally to promote safe and effective drug use. The aim of this project was to develop and evaluate a computer-assisted instruction package, to help undergraduate nursing students improve their knowledge of clinical pharmacology, and to enhance their ability to contribute to the quality use of medications. In a collaborative project, staff of the Tasmanian Schools of Pharmacy and Nursing have produced the program PharmaCAL, using HyperCard 2.2 for the Apple Macintosh. A wide range of clinical pharmacology units are covered extensively, concentrating on drugs in common use and based on body systems: cardiovascular pharmacology (including hypertension, cardiac failure and angina); respiratory pharmacology; alimentary tract pharmacology (including peptic ulcer, diarrhea, and constipation); central nervous system pharmacology (analgesia, anxiety and insomnia, depression, psychoses, and epilepsy); antibiotic chemotherapy; and diabetes mellitus. Many color illustrations have been included. Each unit has a set of multiple choice questions to provide feedback to students. The package was evaluated in two ways. First, a questionnaire was used to assess users' opinions of the package. Second, a validated multiple choice test on clinical pharmacology and therapeutics was administered to 24 third-year nursing students before and after a set of sessions using the package and to a control group of 28 nursing students who were not exposed to the PharmaCAL package. The package generally was well received by the nursing students. Clinical pharmacology test scores significantly improved after using the package and were significantly higher than for the control group of students. The program is a useful adjunct to the existing nursing curriculum. It also could be used in postgraduate nursing education and other health sciences. PMID:9454993

Gee, P R; Peterson, G M; Martin, J L; Reeve, J F

144

Evaluation of the CAI (Computer Assisted Instruction) Segments of the Tow Field Test Set and the Hawk CW (Continuous Wave) Radar Repair Courses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this study was to conduct an evaluation of the computer assisted instruction (CAI) segments of the TOW Field Test Set (TFTS) Course and the HAWK Continuous Wave Radar Repair Course conducted at MMC/S. Computer Assisted Instruction for bot...

G. W. Levy L. D. Francis L. G. Welling

1983-01-01

145

An Experimental Evaluation of Programed Instruction as One of Two Review Techniques for Two-Year College Students Concerned with Solving Acid-Base Chemical Equilibrium Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The major purpose of this study was to design and evaluate a programed instructional unit for a first year college chemistry course. The topic of the unit was the categorization and solution of acid-base equilibria problems. The experimental programed instruction text was used by 41 students and the fifth edition of Schaum's Theory and Problems…

Sharon, Jared Bear

146

MICROPIK: A Multiple-Alternatives, Criterion-Referenced Decisioning Model for Evaluating CAI Software and Microcomputer Hardware Against Selected Curriculum Instructional Objectives. Paper and Report Series No. 73.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describing the use of operations research techniques to determine which courseware packages or what microcomputer systems best address varied instructional objectives focuses on the MICROPIK model, a highly structured evaluation technique for making such complex instructional decisions. MICROPIK is a multiple alternatives model (MAA)…

Wholeben, Brent Edward

147

Versuch Einer Einfachen Evaluation von Orientierungs-Veranstaltungen zur Bibliothekarischen Benutzerschulung. (A Simple Evaluation of Orientation Courses for Library User Instruction).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to evaluate its library instruction program, a postal survey was conducted of students who participated in library orientation courses at the Technische Universitaet Wien (Technical University of Vienna) in Austria during the winter term of 1982/83. The orientation courses consisted of a 1-hour lecture on use of the library and a library…

Oberhauser, O.

148

A review of the research on student evaluation and a report on the effect of different sets of instructions on student course and instructor evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

An extensive review of the research concerning the effect of different variables on student ratings is presented. A study is then reported comparing the effects of different sets of instructions on student evaluations of the course and instructor. The results indicated that the students who were informed that the results of their ratings would be used for administrative decisions rated

Lawrence M. Aleamoni; Pamela Z. Hexner

1980-01-01

149

The Development and Evaluation of an Individualized Program of Instruction in the Recognition and Initial Management of High-Risk Neonates.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new concept of individualizing health sciences training and education is presented. The rationale, strategies and methods employed in the design and evaluation of an individualized program of instruction for nurses, physicians and other health professio...

R. S. Bloom A. D. Katser G. C. Norman

1976-01-01

150

Comprehensive Instructional Management Systems, Communication Arts, 1984-85. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The New York City Board of Education's Comprehensive Instructional Management Systems-Communication Arts (CIMS-CA) project is described in this report. The introductory section provides background information on the project (implemented in 1980), the primary goal of which was to develop a holistic communication arts curriculum for kindergarten…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn. Office of Educational Assessment.

151

Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS) Science 1988-89. Evaluation Section Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report is designed to help teachers and supervisors in teaching the New York State Elementary Syllabus in kindergarten through grade two. The curriculum emphasized a hands-on inquiry approach, and included both science process skills and content objectives. This is a report of the Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS)-Science…

Guerrero, Frank; And Others

152

Scientific Explanations: Characterizing and Evaluating the Effects of Teachers' Instructional Practices on Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teacher practices are essential for supporting students in scientific inquiry practices, such as the construction of scientific explanations. In this study, we examine what instructional practices teachers engage in when they introduce scientific explanation and whether these practices influence students' ability to construct scientific…

McNeill, Katherine L.; Krajcik, Joseph

2008-01-01

153

Stimulus Approach Tendencies of Learners as a Factor in Instructional Materials Evaluation. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were: (1) to validate capillary pulse pressure as an indicator of affective response, (2) to determine whether teachers and students respond similarly to instructional films, (3) to determine whether positive affective response yields greater cognitive learning, and (4) to determine whether capillary pulse pressure can…

Bruha, John J.

154

Evaluating Video Models of Evidence-Based Instructional Practices to Enhance Teacher Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A process was developed to create Web-based video models of effective instructional practices for use in teacher education settings. Three video models, created at three university sites, demonstrated exemplary implementation of specific, evidence-based strategies in reading, math, and science. Video models of strategies were field tested with…

Dieker, Lisa A.; Lane, Holly B.; Allsopp, David H.; O'Brien, Chris; Butler, Tyran Wright; Kyger, Maggie; Lovin, LouAnn; Fenty, Nicole S.

2009-01-01

155

AN APPROACH TO THE USE OF COMPUTERS IN THE INSTRUCTIONAL PROCESS AND EVALUATION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

RELATIVELY ABLE, WELL-MOTIVATED COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATES AND GRADUATES WERE ASSIGNED AT RANDOM TO 3 GROUPS AND TAUGHT FORTRAN PROGRAMING BY COMPUTER, PROGRAMED TEXT (LINEAR TYPE) AND CONVENTIONAL TEXT. GOAL OF THE COURSE WAS TO USE THE COMPUTER TO ACHIEVE INTELLIGENT INDIVIDUALIZATION OF INSTRUCTION BASED ON EACH STUDENT'S PERFORMANCE.…

SCHURDAK, JOHN J.

156

Evaluation of Computer-Aided Instruction in a Gross Anatomy Course: A Six-Year Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Web-based computer-aided instruction (CAI) has become increasingly important to medical curricula. This multi-year study investigated the effectiveness of CAI and the factors affecting level of individual use. Three CAI were tested that differed in specificity of applicability to the curriculum and in the level of student interaction with the…

McNulty, John A.; Sonntag, Beth; Sinacore, James M.

2009-01-01

157

Evaluating the Comprehensibility of Jury Instructions: A Method and an Example  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methodological problems in jury simulation research involve issues of sampling, choice of stimulus materials, appropriate unit of analysis, appropriate dependent variable, corroborative data, and problems of role playing. Despite these issues, comprehension of jury instructions may be suitable for examination by jury simulation techniques--if certain of these methodological concerns can be satisfied. In a series of 5 experiments using typical

V. Gordon Rose; James R. P. Ogloff

2001-01-01

158

Development and Evaluation of a Standards-Based Approach to Instruction in General Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes Operation CHEM1251, an on-going project designed to implement a standards-based approach to instruction in the general chemistry curriculum at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. Results indicate that this is the first time in five years that any day-time first semester general chemistry course section scored significantly…

Wagner, Eugene P.; DiBiase, Warren J.

2001-01-01

159

Evaluating the Evidence Base for Cognitive Strategy Instruction and Mathematical Problem Solving  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review considers both the content and methodologies of 5 single-subject and 2 group experimental design studies investigating the effects of cognitive strategy instruction on the mathematical problem solving of students with disabilities, using quality indicators proposed by Horner et al. (2005) and Gersten et al. (2005). Findings indicated…

Montague, Marjorie; Dietz, Samantha

2009-01-01

160

Instructional Computing in Minority Institutions: A Needs/Strategy Assessment. Final Technical Report of Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designated as Appendices C-G, the five reports in this collection complete the final report of a survey of 239 minority colleges and universities which was conducted to determine both the current status and the desired status of instructional computing at these schools. The executive summary (see related document) includes Appendices A and…

Marshall, Patricia; And Others

161

A Review on Usability Evaluation Methods for Instructional Multimedia: An Analytical Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One common objective of instructional multimedia products is enhancement of learning. It follows that one of the primary tasks of the interface designer is the creation of a user-interface that is motivating, interactive, intuitive and at the same time imposing as minimal as possible a cognitive load on the learner. To achieve this goal,…

Sing, Chai Ching; Der-Thanq, Victor Chen

2004-01-01

162

TORQUE (Technology or Research Quantitative Utility Evaluation). Volume IV. Instructions for Technology Teams.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This volume provides instructions for the steps to be followed by each Technology Team and a sample team output in the form of three Tables. The purpose of the experiment is to devise an analytical method for balanced allocation of fiscal resources among ...

1967-01-01

163

Development and Evaluation of Computer-Assisted Instruction in Instrumental Music. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A feasibility (development) course investigating Computer Assisted Instruction in instrumental music was designed and administered over an eight-week trial period to 14 clarinetists of varying ability in grades seven through ten. The course concentrated on articulation, phrasing, and rhythm. Generally, a dual program was developed. 1) an aural…

Deihl, Ned C.

164

Evaluation criteria and the effectiveness of instructional technology in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

“No significant differences” is the most frequently quoted conclusion of any survey comparing the effectiveness [1] of alternative instructional technologies [2,3]. While this effectiveness conclusion does not differ for the research reported upon in this paper the other purposes of this paper are to discuss alternative criteria for measuring effectiveness and to analyse potential causes of the finding of no

Stuart Wells

1976-01-01

165

A Structural Equation Modeling Evaluation of the General Model of Instructional Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The General Model of Instructional Communication introduced by McCroskey, Valencic, and Richmond (2004) is supported in its original conception by canonical data. This study, however, uses structural equation modeling (SEM) to provide a more detailed analysis. Although the model as originally hypothesized fits the data poorly, analysis of the SEM results suggests adjustments to the original model that substantially improve

James A. Katt; James C. McCroskey; Stephen A. Sivo; Virginia P. Richmond; Kristin M. Valencic

2009-01-01

166

Promoting Instructional Change in New Faculty: An Evaluation of the Physics and Astronomy New Faculty Workshop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An important finding of Physics Education Research (PER) is that traditional, transmission-based instructional approaches are generally not effective in promoting meaningful student learning. Instead, PER advocates that physics be taught using more interactive instructional methods. Although the research base and corresponding pedagogies and strategies are well-documented and widely available to physics faculty, widespread change in physics teaching at the college level has yet to occur. Since 1996, the Workshop for New Physics and Astronomy Faculty has been working to address this problem. This workshop, jointly administered by the American Association of Physics Teachers, the American Astronomical Society, and the American Physical Society with funding from the National Science Foundation, has attracted approximately 25% of all new physics and astronomy faculty each year to an intensive 4-day workshop designed to introduce new faculty to PER-based instructional ideas and materials. This paper describes the impact of the New Faculty Workshop as measured by web-based surveys of 527 workshop participants and 206 physics and astronomy department chairs. Results indicate that the NFW is quite successful in meeting its goals and that it may be significantly contributing to the spread and acceptance of PER and PER-based instructional ideas and materials.

Henderson, Charles R.

2009-07-06

167

Putting computerized instruction to the test: a randomized evaluation of a “scientifically based” reading program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although schools across the country are investing heavily in computers in the classroom, there is surprisingly little evidence that they actually improve student achievement. In this paper, we present results from a randomized study of a well-defined use of computers in schools: a popular instructional computer program, known as Fast ForWord, which is designed to improve language and reading skills.

Cecilia Elena Rouse; Alan B. Krueger

2004-01-01

168

Optimization of Occupancy Based Demand Controlled Ventilation in Residences  

SciTech Connect

Although it has been used for many years in commercial buildings, the application of demand controlled ventilation in residences is limited. In this study we used occupant exposure to pollutants integrated over time (referred to as 'dose') as the metric to evaluate the effectiveness and air quality implications of demand controlled ventilation in residences. We looked at air quality for two situations. The first is that typically used in ventilation standards: the exposure over a long term. The second is to look at peak exposures that are associated with time variations in ventilation rates and pollutant generation. The pollutant generation had two components: a background rate associated with the building materials and furnishings and a second component related to occupants. The demand controlled ventilation system operated at a low airflow rate when the residence was unoccupied and at a high airflow rate when occupied. We used analytical solutions to the continuity equation to determine the ventilation effectiveness and the long-term chronic dose and peak acute exposure for a representative range of occupancy periods, pollutant generation rates and airflow rates. The results of the study showed that we can optimize the demand controlled airflow rates to reduce the quantity of air used for ventilation without introducing problematic acute conditions.

Mortensen, Dorthe K.; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

2011-05-01

169

Elegant Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a new form of instruction called elegant instruction. Generally speaking, educational technologists assert that instruction ought to be effective and efficient. Some educational technologists might add that instruction should also satisfy learners. Incorporating the standard requirements and going beyond satisfaction,…

Luterbach, Kenneth J.

2013-01-01

170

Microbiological assessment and evaluation of rehydration instructions on powdered infant formulas, follow-up formulas, and infant foods in Malaysia.  

PubMed

A total of 90 samples comprising powdered infant formulas (n=51), follow-up formulas (n=21), and infant foods (n=18) from 15 domestic and imported brands were purchased from various retailers in Klang Valley, Malaysia and evaluated in terms of microbiological quality and the similarity of rehydration instructions on the product label to guidelines set by the World Health Organization. Microbiological analysis included the determination of aerobic plate count (APC) and the presence of Enterobacteriaceae and Cronobacter spp. Isolates of interest were identified using ID 32E (bioMérieux France, Craponne, France). In this study, 87% of powdered infant formulas, follow-up formulas, and infant foods analyzed had an APC below the permitted level of <10(4) cfu/g. These acceptable APC ranged between <10(2) to 7.2×10(3) cfu/g. The most frequently isolated Enterobacteriaceae was Enterobacter cloacae, which was present in 3 infant formulas and 1 infant food tested. Other Enterobacteriaceae detected from powdered infant and follow-up formulas were Citrobacter spp., Klebsiella spp., and other Enterobacter spp. No Cronobacter species were found in any samples. Rehydration instructions from the product labels were collated and it was observed that none directed the use of water with a temperature >70°C for formula preparation, as specified by the 2008 revised World Health Organization guidelines. Six brands instructed the use of water at 40 to 55°C, a temperature range that would support the survival and even growth of Enterobacteriaceae. PMID:23141821

Abdullah Sani, N; Hartantyo, S H P; Forsythe, S J

2012-11-08

171

Sexism in Instructional Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional materials are a powerful mechanism for providing students with a vision of what is important in the world around them. Examines the ways that women have been stereotyped in instructional materials and suggests evaluation criteria for preventing use of stereotyped textbooks. (Author/RK)

Prince, Doris

1976-01-01

172

Instructing jurors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This field experiment examines the advantages and disadvantages of two jury instruction procedures: instructing the jury prior to the evidence portion of the trial and providing the jury with a written copy of the judge's instructions to take with them to their deliberations. The presence or absence of both procedures was randomly assigned to 34 civil and 33 criminal trials

Larry Heuer; Steven D. Penrodt

1989-01-01

173

The Evaluation of a Computer Assisted Instruction Drill Program for Increasing Language Skills of Young Deaf Adults.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study compared two methods of English instruction for adult deaf students: a computer assisted instructional treatment, and a normal classroom environment. The results indicate that no significant difference in learning occurred between the two treat...

G. Walter

1975-01-01

174

Design, development, and evaluation of visual aids for communicating prescription drug instructions to nonliterate patients in rural Cameroon.  

PubMed

In this study, culturally sensitive visual aids designed to help convey drug information to nonliterate female adults who had a prescription for a solid oral dosage form of antibiotic medications were developed and evaluated. The researchers conceptualized the educational messages while a local artist produced the visual aids. Seventy-eight female ambulatory patients were evaluated for comprehension and compliance with antibiotic prescription instructions. The study was conducted in three health centers in Cameroon, West Africa and followed a pre-test, post-test, and follow-up format for three groups: two experimental, and one control. All participants were randomly assigned to either experimental or control groups, 26 patients to each group. Subjects in the experimental groups received visual aids alone or visual aids plus an Advanced Organizer. A comparison of the three groups showed that subjects in the experimental groups scored significantly higher than the control group in both the comprehension and compliance measures. PMID:9104382

Ngoh, L N; Shepherd, M D

1997-03-01

175

The Evaluation of a Computer Assisted Instruction Drill Program for Increasing Language Skills of Young Deaf Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study compared two methods of English instruction for adult deaf students: a computer assisted instructional treatment, and a normal classroom environment. The results indicate that no significant difference in learning occurred between the two treatments, based on the reading and writing skills achieved by students during an instructional

Walter, Gerard; And Others

176

An Evaluation of the Instructional Development Institute (I.D.I.) Program for the School Year 1973-74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study determines the effect of the Instructional Development Institute (IDI) on the skills of a group of District of Columbia public school instruction personnel in the use of the systems approach to instructional development. The following null hypotheses were tested: (a) IDI participants will not show significant gains in developing initial…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

177

Development and formative evaluation of an instructional simulation of adiabatic processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this research was to develop a computer-based instructional simulation of adiabatic processes and to study the effects of selected characteristics of the simulation on students conceptual development, problem solving and transfer. To study these issues the related literature was reviewed, a simulation was developed and a two-pronged research study was employed. From the review of literature and constructivist theory, a simulation to facilitate active and situated learning was developed. It included the features of multiple representations, interaction, and authentic tasks. The subjects for the study were students enrolled in a beginning meteorology course at Iowa State University. An experimental study was conducted comparing achievement measures of two groups who used different versions of the simulation and a control group who did not use the simulation. In addition, selected students were interviewed to gain a deeper understanding of their use of the simulation. The performances of the groups were compared on scores from a posttest and weather forecasts. As expected, since the simulation was not integrated into classroom activities, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups. Interview data supported the design and future use of the simulation. Four of the five students saw the task as being authentic. The multiple representations were used by the students to construct knowledge across representations and to choose their own mode of representation for exploring the simulation. Of the five students interviewed, only one had used an effective problem solving strategy. This student also demonstrated a better understanding of how to transfer newly-gained knowledge to weather forecast exercises. Two other students were poised for improvement of their problem solving strategies, having the basic strategy but needing refinement, and the other two were in need of basic instruction and guidance. This study clearly revealed a serious weakness in student's problem-solving skills as well as the value of the simulated environment for revealing those weaknesses. It is recommended the simulation be used in future studies which address the issues of integrating simulations into classroom activities so that optimal learning of the concepts and optimal development of problem-solving strategies will occur.

Hsu, Ying-Shao

178

34 CFR 300.302 - Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations, Individualized Education Programs, and Educational...considered to be an evaluation for eligibility for special education and related...

2013-07-01

179

Evaluation of computer-aided instruction in a gross anatomy course: a six-year study.  

PubMed

Web-based computer-aided instruction (CAI) has become increasingly important to medical curricula. This multi-year study investigated the effectiveness of CAI and the factors affecting level of individual use. Three CAI were tested that differed in specificity of applicability to the curriculum and in the level of student interaction with the CAI. Student personality preferences and learning styles were measured using the Meyers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and Kolb's Learning Style Inventory (LSI). Information on "computer literacy" and use of CAI was collected from student surveys. Server logs were used to quantify individual use of respective CAI. There was considerable variability in the level of utilization of each CAI by individual students. Individual use of each CAI differed and was associated with gender, MBTI preferences and learning style, but not with "computer literacy." The majority of students found the CAI useful for learning and used the CAI by themselves. Students who accessed the CAI resources most frequently scored significantly higher on exams compared with students who never accessed the resources. Our results show that medical students do not uniformly use CAI developed for their curriculum and this variability is associated with various attributes of individual students. Our data also provide evidence of the importance of understanding student preferences and learning styles when implementing CAI into the curriculum. PMID:19217066

McNulty, John A; Sonntag, Beth; Sinacore, James M

180

Focusing, Situating, and Grounding Micro-Level Evaluation Field Experiences: An Instructional Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluator training field experiences seek to reinforce applicable content knowledge and promote applied skills. For students, even a small-scale field experience focusing on limited components of a larger evaluation process can seem particularly challenging. Students often do not recognize the relevance of established evaluation resources capable…

Skolits, Gary J.; Woodard, Thelma; Morrow, Jennifer Ann; Kaesbauer, Susanne

2012-01-01

181

Exploring the beliefs surrounding student evaluations of instruction in criminology and criminal justice undergraduate courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student evaluations of instructors are given consideration in a number of important decisions concerning instructors such as hiring, merit pay, and in the tenure and promotion process. However, a number of popular beliefs surround the interpretation of these evaluations. Using student evaluations for the three research-oriented universities in the state of Florida as a database, a number of these beliefs

Kim Michelle Lersch; Cecil Greek

2001-01-01

182

Tools for Automating Instructional Design. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The instructional design process encompasses a set of interdependent phases including analysis of learners, contexts and goals; design of objectives, strategies and assessment tools; production of instructional materials; and evaluation of learner performance and overall instructional design effort. Automated instructional design (AID) tools…

Kasowitz, Abby

183

Evaluation of a discussion technique used for both classroom instruction and grade assignment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper reports the evaluation of a discussion technique used in a one-quarter conceptual physics course. The plan included not only specific guidelines for classroom discussion but also a quantitative method for assigning grades for discussion contributions. The technique was evaluated using questionnaires, written comments by students, and student records of study habits. An analysis of this evaluation indicates an overall favorable response from students.

Long, Dale; Bedard, Jo

2005-10-27

184

Evaluating the Accessibility of Web-Based Instruction for Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the methods and results of a year-long evaluation study, conducted for the purpose of determining disability accessibility barriers and potential solutions for those barriers found in four World Wide Web-based learning environments. The primary questions used to frame the evaluation study were: (1) Are there any features of the…

Hinn, D. Michelle

185

Literacy Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To examine literacy instruction in light of recent research and practice, this journal issue presents five articles focusing on the creation of a literate society where people appreciate literature and can use reading and writing to enrich their lives. The first article, "Literacy Instruction: An Alternative" (A. S. Bayer), presents an…

Pickens, Alex L., Ed.; Kali, Alex P., Ed.

1986-01-01

186

The Development and Evaluation of a Teleprocessed Computer-Assisted Instruction Course in the Recognition of Malarial Parasites. Final Report; May 1, 1967 - June 30, 1968.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A computer-assisted instruction course in the recognition of malarial parasites was developed and evaluated. The course includes stage discrimination, species discrimination, and case histories. Segments developed use COURSEWRITER as an author language and are presented via a display terminal that permits two-way communication with an IBM computer…

Mitzel, Harold E.

187

Evaluation of an Intervention Instructional Program to Facilitate Understanding of Basic Particle Concepts among Students Enrolled in Several Levels of Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The efficacy of an intervention instructional program was evaluated to facilitate understanding of particle theory concepts among students (N = 190) using a diagnostic instrument consisting of eleven two-tier multiple-choice items in a pre-test--post-test design. The students involved were high school students, undergraduates and postgraduates…

Treagust, David F.; Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Zain, Ahmad N. M.; Ong, Eng Tek; Karpudewan, Mageswary; Halim, Lilia

2011-01-01

188

These Kids Just Aren't Motivated to Read: The Influence of Preservice Teachers' Beliefs on Their Expectations, Instruction, and Evaluation of Struggling Readers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative case study examined the beliefs of preservice teachers about teaching struggling readers. The study was concerned with participants' beliefs in the context of tutoring struggling readers in order to discover how these beliefs influenced the preservice teachers' expectations, instruction, and evaluations of these learners. The findings from this multiple case study suggest that preservice teachers may not believe

Tabatha Dobson Scharlach

2008-01-01

189

The Evaluation of New Instructional Material to Achieve Balanced Goals in Environmental Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluates the effectiveness of a newly developed textbook for high schools in achieving the four goals of environmental education: (1) knowledge and information; (2) skills; (3) values and attitudes; and (4) behaviors and participation. (Author/CCM)|

Park, Jin-Hee; Chang, Nam-Kee; Stapp, William B.

1999-01-01

190

Development and Evaluation of a Model Delivery System for Instructional Modules on Asthma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this project is to develop and evaluate a model educational delivery system for individualized continuing education for rural general or family physicians on the diagnosis and treatment of adult asthma. The first year of this project center...

M. H. Bagshaw W. M. Shanner

1977-01-01

191

Integrating Curriculum, Instruction, Assessment, and Evaluation in aTechnology- Supported Genetics Learning Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes an extended collaboration between a development team and an evaluation team working with GenScope, an open-ended explorato y software tool. In some respects, this was a routine evaluation, documentilzg substantial gains (of roughly 1 SD) in genetics reasoning ability in all but 1 of 17 classes, despite challenges presented by school computer-lab settings. Relative to matched comparison

Daniel T. Hickey; Paul Horwitz; Mary Ann; T. Christie

192

Integrating Curriculum, Instruction, Assessment, and Evaluation in a Technology-Supported Genetics Learning Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes an extended collaboration between a development team and an evaluation team working with GenScope, an open-ended exploratory software tool. In some respects, this was a routine evaluation, documenting substantial gains (of roughly 1 SD) in genetics reasoning ability in all but 1 of 17 classes, despite challenges presented by school computer-lab settings. Relative to matched comparison classes,

Daniel T. Hickey; Ann C. H. Kindfield; Paul Horwitz; Mary Ann T. Christie

2003-01-01

193

Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Modern Systems Approach to Field Instruction in Graduate Social Work Education. Curriculum Development Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This practicum applies a modern systems approach to field work instruction. It is an experiment with an innovation in field teaching that addresses itself to three major problems that have been identified by social work educators. These are (1) integrating classroom and field work instruction; (2) providing an equal opportunity for basic field…

Krop, Lois P.

194

Comparing Apples to Oranges: An Evaluation of Quarter Calendar Data in the Delaware Study of Instructional Costs and Productivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four-year colleges and universities submit faculty teaching load and instructional cost data annually to the Delaware Study of Instructional Costs and Productivity. While the Delaware Study currently adjusts the calculation of annual FTE students to account for the difference in annual student credit hours (SCH) earned by students at semester and…

Walters, Allison M.

2009-01-01

195

The Relationship between Student Evaluation of Instruction Scores and Faculty Formal Educational Coursework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: Emphasis is placed on athletic training educators' content area expertise and not on their formal training in educational concepts. Objective: The purposes of this study were to identify the amount of educational coursework completed by ATEP faculty and investigate the relationship between ATEP instructors' student evaluation of…

Schellhase, Kristen C.

2010-01-01

196

On the evaluation of systemic science education reform: Searching for instructional sensitivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a multilevel-multifaceted approach to evaluating the impact of education reform on student achievement that would be sensitive to context and small treatment effects. The approach uses different assessments based on their proximity to the enacted curriculum. Immediate assessments are artifacts (students' products) from the enactment of the curriculum; close assessments parallel the content and activities of the unit\\/curriculum;

Maria Araceli Ruiz-Primo; Richard J. Shavelson; Laura Hamilton; Steve Klein

2002-01-01

197

Evaluating Online Instruction: Adapting a Training Model to E-Learning in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a model for the evaluation of postsecondary online distance education courses and programs. To better address the unique nature and audience for these courses and programs, and the related institutional needs for assessing their success or failure, the focus is on a model from corporate training that provides a comprehensive,…

Hallett, Karen; Essex, Christopher

198

Instructional Centers, Hartford Nonpublic Schools. Hartford Moves Ahead: An Evaluative Report, 1973-1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the project evaluation for the last years indicated that pupil achievement and growth were significant, the corrective program in reading, language arts, and mathematics operated with Title 1, 1965 Elementary Secondary Education Act, and State Act for Disadvantaged Children funding was continued during the 1973-74 school year in seven…

Nearine, Robert J.

199

An Evaluation of Four Methods of Reading Instruction as a Function of Time of Testing1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Which test offers the best estimate of the improvement of a student in reading training: a test administered immediately after a training session or a test administered at the beginning of the next training session? The problem of the best time to test students for a meaningful evaluation of gains in reading scores is closely involved in any comparison of

Philip K. Jensen; James W. Mills; Martin Hershkowitz

1971-01-01

200

The Interplay Between Student Evaluation and Instruction: Grading and Feedback in Mathematics Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers’ practices of student evaluation can be considered crucial to the implementation of embedded assessment systems. This article reports on two studies investigating these practices in detail. The first study examines teacher judgments about student achievement in terms of the grades awarded. It examines whether the grades awarded reflect two dimensions of students’ achievement as well as learning behavior. It

Katrin Rakoczy; Eckhard Klieme; Anika Bürgermeister; Birgit Harks

2008-01-01

201

Instructional Centers, Hartford Nonpublic Schools. Hartford Moves Ahead: An Evaluative Report, 1973-1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since the project evaluation for the last years indicated that pupil achievement and growth were significant, the corrective program in reading, language arts, and mathematics operated with Title 1, 1965 Elementary Secondary Education Act, and State Act for Disadvantaged Children funding was continued during the 1973-74 school year in seven…

Nearine, Robert J.

202

Evaluation of Two Instruction Methods to Increase Employment Options for Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We evaluated the efficacy of a vocational training program including behavioral skills training, and a "performance cue system" (i.e., a proprietary iPhone application adapted for the study) to teach targeted social-vocational skills to six young adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. In two separate studies, participants were employed to…

Burke, Raymond V.; Andersen, Melissa N.; Bowen, Scott L.; Howard, Monica R.; Allen, Keith D.

2010-01-01

203

An Evaluation of Supplemental Reading Instruction for At-Risk Middle School Readers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One middle school's implementation of corrective reading was evaluated for student reading outcomes and treatment fidelity. Findings indicated that sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade students made progress in decoding and oral reading fluency over the school year; however, students did not demonstrate greater gains during the semester enrolled in…

Berkeley, Sheri; Lindstrom, Jennifer H.; Regan, Kelley; Nealy, Allison; Southall, Candice; Stagliano, Christina

2012-01-01

204

INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN AND ASSESSMENT Pharmacy Student Focus Groups for Formative Evaluation of the Learning Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To develop a student focus group process for formative evaluation of the learning environment in a college of pharmacy. Design. Student focus groups were formed and met from fall 2002 to spring 2006. During spring 2005, student cohorts (first- through third-professional years) were surveyed and anecdotal evidence about the process was gathered from faculty members. Assessment. Student opinions about

Victoria Mundy Bhavsar; Heidi M. Anderson

205

Team Visitation Guidelines. Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction Secondary Vocational Program Evaluation Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guidelines contained in this manual were written to outline the role of the visiting team members and the team leader and to familiarize the team with the details necessary to conduct a comprehensive external evaluation of Wisconsin secondary vocational programs. The responsibilities of school personnel are also spelled out so that team…

Klitzke, Elizabeth; And Others

206

Evaluation of online instruction to improve medical and dental students' communication and counseling skills.  

PubMed

Online, interactive video modules were created to demonstrate good skills in history taking, counseling, and communication. The authors evaluated the effect of the modules on students' data gathering, counseling, and communication skills with standardized patients (SPs). A student cohort without the online modules (n = 76 medical students and n = 43 dental students) was compared to a cohort of different students who were assigned the modules (n = 88 medical students and n = 39 dental students). Students were evaluated by SPs using case-specific content checklists and the Master Interview Rating Scale (MIRS). Compared to their counterparts who did not use the modules, medical and dental students who used the modules showed significantly higher performance on several outcomes. The areas that showed benefit were those that were novel to students. Student accuracy in grading others was generally unrelated to their own performance. In conclusion, the online, interactive video modules were associated with improvements in a majority of clinical skills. PMID:21613245

Wagner, Julie Ann; Pfeiffer, Carol A; Harrington, Karen L

2011-05-24

207

Instructional Diversity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers who successfully use diverse learning modes in their instructional approaches accomplish several remarkable things. First, they create a climate where the ways of knowing central to the different modalities are all seen as legitimate, acceptable,

Samples, Bob

2000-01-01

208

Instructional Diversity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains how learning occurs in the brain, specifically in the limbic system. Compares traditional teaching methods and diverse learning modes. Describes the characteristics of diverse instructional approaches. First published in 1994. (YDS)

Samples, Bob

2000-01-01

209

Instructional Diversity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explains how learning occurs in the brain, specifically in the limbic system. Compares traditional teaching methods and diverse learning modes. Describes the characteristics of diverse instructional approaches. First published in 1994. (YDS)|

Samples, Bob

2000-01-01

210

Mental models: an alternative evaluation of a sensemaking approach to ethics instruction.  

PubMed

In spite of the wide variety of approaches to ethics training it is still debatable which approach has the highest potential to enhance professionals' integrity. The current effort assesses a novel curriculum that focuses on metacognitive reasoning strategies researchers use when making sense of day-to-day professional practices that have ethical implications. The evaluated trainings effectiveness was assessed by examining five key sensemaking processes, such as framing, emotion regulation, forecasting, self-reflection, and information integration that experts and novices apply in ethical decision-making. Mental models of trained and untrained graduate students, as well as faculty, working in the field of physical sciences were compared using a think-aloud protocol 6 months following the ethics training. Evaluation and comparison of the mental models of participants provided further validation evidence for sensemaking training. Specifically, it was found that trained students applied metacognitive reasoning strategies learned during training in their ethical decision-making that resulted in complex mental models focused on the objective assessment of the situation. Mental models of faculty and untrained students were externally-driven with a heavy focus on autobiographical processes. The study shows that sensemaking training has a potential to induce shifts in researchers' mental models by making them more cognitively complex via the use of metacognitive reasoning strategies. Furthermore, field experts may benefit from sensemaking training to improve their ethical decision-making framework in highly complex, novel, and ambiguous situations. PMID:18568427

Brock, Meagan E; Vert, Andrew; Kligyte, Vykinta; Waples, Ethan P; Sevier, Sydney T; Mumford, Michael D

2008-06-21

211

Exploring instructional strategies to develop prospective elementary teachers' children’s literature book evaluation skills for science, ecology and environmental education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an auto?ethnographic account of the development of a children’s literature book critique assignment by a science teacher educator sharing instructional dilemmas and pedagogical responses. Prospective elementary teachers enrolled in an elementary school science teaching methods course in the US selected and evaluated children’s literature books with science, environment and nature content. The book critique assignment sought to

J. William Hug

2010-01-01

212

An evaluation of UPDATE: A study of the effect of participation in a teacher enhancement program on secondary physics instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Secondary physics education in the United States has been shown to be sub-standard, and not even offered in many high schools. National assessment results have suggested that changes in secondary physics education are greatly needed and are slow in coming. One attempt to enhance physics instruction is the UPDATE program. UPDATE is a physics teacher enhancement program offered by the University of Massachusetts. The program is primarily designed to enhance physics teacher knowledge in topical and important areas of contemporary physics that are not always well represented in secondary classrooms. This study assesses the impact of participation in the UPDATE program on the high school physics instruction of the 1995-96 program participants. Focus group interviews, individual interviews, and a questionnaire are methods used to collect data. This document includes transcriptions from both focus group and individual interviews, as well as quantitative results from a questionnaire. Commonalities are drawn from the three sources of data to illustrate the impact of the UPDATE program on participants' high school physics instruction. Aspects of the program which have contributed to enhancement of instruction are also identified and recommendations are made for subsequent teacher enhancement programs. The findings generally indicate that participants became more confident, enthusiastic, gained more physics knowledge, and changed their teaching practices to include more UPDATE related topics. In addition, laboratory experiences as well as laboratory equipment offered to participants during the program contributed significantly to their perceived instructional enhancement.

Kudukey, John Henry

213

Occupancy-Based Energy Management in Buildings: Final Report to Sponsors  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), the University of California Merced (UCM), and the United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) conducted field studies and modeling analyses in the Classroom and Office Building (COB) and the Science and Engineering Building (S&E) at the University of California, Merced. In the first year, of a planned multiyear project, our goal was to study the feasibility and efficacy of occupancy-based energy management. The first-year research goals were twofold. The first was to explore the likely energy savings if we know the number and location of building occupants in a typical commercial building. The second was to model and estimate people movement in a building. Our findings suggest that a 10-14percent reduction in HVAC energy consumption is possible over typical HVAC operating conditions when we know occupancy throughout the building. With the conclusion of the first-year tasks, we plan to review these results further before this group pursues follow-on funding.

Sohn, Michael D.; Black, Douglas R.; Price, Phillip N.; Lin, Yiqing; Brahme, Rohini; Surana, Amit; Narayanan, Satish; Cerpa, Alberto; Ericson, Varick; Kamthe, Ankur

2010-07-01

214

Understanding Instructions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is intended to help adult basic education (ABE) teachers teach their students to understand instructions in their daily lives. The 25 learning activities included all develop students' skills in the area of following directions by using basic situations drawn from everyday life. The following activities are included: sequencing…

Milburn, Val

215

Peer Instruction for Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How can instructors achieve real-time pace matching with students during large class lectures? How can students become more invested in their own in-class learning? Peer Instruction, coming into widespread use for undergraduate physics courses across the U.S., and now for astronomy as well, can help resolve these perennial questions. As a crucial part of Peer Instruction, teachers pose a question that probes students' conceptual understanding and may also highlight common misconceptions (a ConcepTest). The ConcepTests become the subject of small interactive peer group debates in class. We are compiling a library of ConcepTests to facilitate the implementation of Peer Instruction in introductory undergraduate astronomy. We describe the ConcepTest library, tell you how to access it, and discuss modes of evaluation.

Green, P. J.; Morgan, W. A., Jr.

2000-12-01

216

Instructional Television Utilization in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Various aspects of utilizing instructional television (ITV) are summarized and evaluated, and basic guidelines are developed for future utilization of television as an instructional medium. The role of technology in education is discussed, and the capabilities and limitations of television as an instructional media system are outlined. A brief…

DuMolin, James R.

217

Instruction and Technology: Designs for Everyday Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The perpetual connectivity made possible by twenty-first-century technology has profoundly affected instruction and learning. Emerging technologies that upend traditional notions of communication and community also influence the ways we design and evaluate instruction and how we understand learning and learning environments. In "Instruction and…

Mehlenbacher, Brad

2010-01-01

218

Instruction and Technology: Designs for Everyday Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perpetual connectivity made possible by twenty-first-century technology has profoundly affected instruction and learning. Emerging technologies that upend traditional notions of communication and community also influence the ways we design and evaluate instruction and how we understand learning and learning environments. In "Instruction and…

Mehlenbacher, Brad

2010-01-01

219

Problems in Researching Computer Managed Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The development phases of an operational computer managed instruction (CMI) system include planning, when the instructional model is designed; acquisition, when instructional system specifications are prepared; implementation/operation, which provides for the resolution of operational problems; evaluation, when the system is tested; and…

Van Matre, Nicholas H.

220

Evaluation: Test Construction and Use. An Instructional Model for Undergraduate Teacher Education in the RAFT Program at Mississippi State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module developed by the Research Applications for Teaching (RAFT) project assists the preservice teacher in constructing test items to better measure the outcomes of instructional objectives. Student teachers are also assisted in the interpretation of results of a student's performance on a standardized test. Students also "trouble-shoot" a…

Handley, Herbert M., Ed.

221

A Framework for the Evaluation of Visual Languages for Instructional Design: The Case of E[2]ML  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last years, Instructional Design has seen the development of visual notation systems for supporting and enhancing the design process. Some of them concern the definition of learning goals, while others address the definition of learning activities or learning materials. These tools supposedly reduce the cognitive load and enhance design…

Botturi, Luca

2005-01-01

222

Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Package for Teaching Tutors to Conduct Discrete-Trials Teaching with Children with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A widely used method for teaching children with autism is applied behavior analysis (ABA), and a main component of ABA programming is discrete-trials teaching (DTT). Using a modified multiple-baseline design across participants, we assessed the effectiveness of a DTT self-instructional package (Fazzio & Martin, 2007) for teaching four pairs of…

Thomson, Kendra M.; Martin, Garry L.; Fazzio, Daniela; Salem, Sandra; Young, Kristen; Yu, C. T.

2012-01-01

223

An evaluation of faculty development training programs for instructing via interactive television in Tennessee universities and colleges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to ascertain if Tennessee universities and colleges provide training for faculty member instructing via interactive television\\/compressed video. A secondary purpose was to determine the perceived effectiveness of that training by the participating faculty members. ^ Based on the shift in enrollment demographics, leading colleges and universities are exploring creative ways to increase enrollments and

Melba Raylean Henry

2000-01-01

224

The Evaluation of Enhanced Academic Instruction in After-School Programs: Final Report. NCEE 2009-4077  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether providing structured academic instruction in reading or math to students in grades two to five during their afterschool hours--instead of the less formal academic supports offered in regular after-school programs-- improves their academic performance in the subject. This is the second and…

Black, Alison Rebeck; Somers, Marie-Andree; Doolittle, Fred; Unterman, Rebecca; Grossman, Jean Baldwin

2009-01-01

225

A New Peer Instruction Method for Teaching Practical Skills in the Health Sciences: An Evaluation of the "Learning Trail"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Learning Trail" is an innovative application of peer-mediated instruction designed to enhance student learning in large practical classes. The strategy specifically seeks to improve participants' attention to details of protocol that are often difficult to observe during teacher-centered demonstrations to large groups. Students (n=68) at the…

Dollman, James

2005-01-01

226

Investigating Change in Epistemic Beliefs: An Evaluation of the Impact of Student Teachers' Beliefs on Instructional Preference and Teaching Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the claim that effective teacher behaviour is rooted in teacher beliefs about the nature of knowledge, learning and ability. A longitudinal design was used to obtain data on student teachers' epistemic beliefs, instructional preference and teaching competence. Results from statistical analyses show that there were…

Sosu, Edward M.; Gray, Donald S.

2012-01-01

227

A Computer-Assisted Instruction Program on How To Use a Library Card Catalog: Description, Program, and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The computer program described is written in BASIC and, although it was developed for use at Slippery Rock State College, it could be adapted easily for other libraries using Library of Congress classification and cataloging rules. The program uses simple sequences of instructions and explanations followed by questions. Branching is employed to…

Wood, Richard J.

228

Writing Technical Instructions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students walk through the process of creating technical instructions by first analyzing existing instructions. They then select an item and an audience for which they will write technical instructions. After writing their own instructions, students conduct usability tests of each otherâs instructions, providing user feedback. Finally, students use this user feedback to revise their instructions before publishing them.

Seible, Marcea K.

2012-01-01

229

Principles of Online Instructional Design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this document is to provide a resource to faculty who are designing online instructional materials. Online instruction is any formal educational process in which the instruction occurs when the learner and the instructor are not in the same place and Internet technology is used to provide a communication link among the instructor and students.Different forms of online instruction include: * Sharing information on a web site (example: course syllabus/ web site)) * Providing practice for new concepts by using online activities such as simulations and games * Communicating one-to-one or one-to-many via email for instructional purposes * Conducting discussions by using a threaded discussion board * Conducting discussion by using chat * Holding office hours by using chat or bulletin board * Delivering library resources via the Internet (example: Electronic databases, electronic course reserves) * Giving practice tests or evaluating performance by using online assessments * Submitting assignments electronically

2008-11-04

230

COLLEGE-LEVEL INSTRUCTION: DERIVED RELATIONS AND PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION  

PubMed Central

Recent research has demonstrated the effectiveness of programmed instruction that integrates derived relations to teach college-level academic material. This method has been demonstrated to be effective and economical in the teaching of complex mathematics and biology concepts. Although this approach may have potential applications with other domains of college learning, more studies are needed to evaluate important technological variables. Studies that employ programmed instruction are discussed in relation to future directions for research.

Fienup, Daniel M; Hamelin, Jeffery; Reyes-Giordano, Kimberly; Falcomata, Terry S

2011-01-01

231

Creating Confident and Competent ReadersTransactional Strategies Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a practical plan for improving reading comprehension and reader self-efficacy through transactional strategies instruction. Three phases of instruction are described and specific instructional strategies are provided. Suggestions for implementation and for evaluation of instruction effectiveness are also discussed. The information is applicable for teachers of learners in Grades 4 through12 and for resource teachers or clinicians working

Carolyn P. Casteel; Bess A. Isom; Kathleen F. Jordan

2000-01-01

232

Patients' Health Literacy and Experience With InstructionsInfluence Preferences for Heart Failure Medication Instructions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: We developed a pharmacist-based patient education intervention to improve older adults' adherence to chronic heart failure (CHF) medications, which included written patient-centered instructions. The study evaluated these instructions by examining whether patients preferred them to standard pharmacy instructions. Method: Elders diagnosed with CHF participated in the randomized controlled trial (83 in the intervention; 153 in usual care control group).

Daniel G. Morrow; Michael Weiner; Douglas Steinley; James Young; Michael D. Murray

2007-01-01

233

Improving Teacher-Supervisor Communication through Modification of the Communication Context: An Examination of the Effects of Cooperative, Supervisor Controlled, and Minimal Evaluation on Instruction and the Teacher-Supervisor Relationship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper recounts the modification of a specific communication context, teacher evaluation, to produce improved instruction and better teacher-supervisor relationships. Dissatisfied with a checklist-based evaluation system considered moribund by many, a committee of teachers, administrators, and educational professionals at Anchorage (Alaska)…

Fenton, Ray; Nancarrow, Douglas

234

What's Happening with Instructional Development and Media. A Research Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Generated by the need to ascertain the involvement of media centers and instructional development centers in training faculty and providing assistance in instructional design, development, and evaluation, this study was undertaken to determine: (1) the id...

D. N. Osterman

1980-01-01

235

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Video Instruction on Social and Communication Skills Training for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Video instruction as an intervention for teaching skills to children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is gaining increased momentum in applied settings.Video instruction, comprised of video modeling, video self-modeling, and point-of-view video, has been utilized in various fields of study with various populations and target behaviors. Literature on video instruction will be reviewed to determine its effects on the acquisition

Smita Shukla-Mehta; Trube Miller; Kevin J. Callahan

2010-01-01

236

Academic Freedom, Promotion, Reappointment, Tenure and the Administrative Use of Student Evaluation of Faculty (SEF): (Part IV) Analysis and Implications of Views from the Court in Relation to Academic Freedom, Standards, and Quality Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Legal rulings related to student evaluation of faculty (SEF) are reviewed in terms of their implications for academic freedom and quality of instruction in higher education. The issues examined are not primarily concerned with individual faculty rights, but with the implications of SEF when used for administrative purposes. (SLD)

Haskell, Robert E.

1997-01-01

237

An Analysis of a Staff Development Program in Clinical Supervision and the Realities of the K-12 Instructional Setting: Evaluating Its Impact for Special Groups and the Usefulness in the Supervisory Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation is presented of a clinical supervision training course, focusing on the extent to which interaction occurs between teachers and supervisors for the improvement of instruction. Clinical supervision is presented in the course as a repeating cycle of phases: preconference, lesson observation, analysis of the lesson observation,…

Jerich, Kenneth F.

238

Elementary General Music Teachers' Reflections on Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A qualitative study was completed to identify and study the content of selected elementary general music teachers' evaluations of their own instruction and the instruction of another elementary general music teacher. Participants represented a variety of educational backgrounds and teaching experience: Teacher A (9 years teaching Grades 4-6 at…

Delaney, Diane W.

2011-01-01

239

An Assessment of Online Instruction Methodologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the results of a survey administered to former students, which compared purposive documentation, education program, resources, and evaluation/feedback mechanisms of nine online instruction programs offered by various organizations, and suggests tools to improve learning. A table of online instruction program characteristics,…

Swanson, Rowena Weiss

1982-01-01

240

Computer Assisted Instruction Program for Police Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A project was devised to develop study materials for a computer-assisted instruction (CAI) course in police training, to develop computerized case problems, and to evaluate the effectiveness of the learning materials as compared with conventional classroom instruction in the same subject areas. Both an experimental group (police cadets at Golden…

Brightman, Richard W.

241

Measuring Teacher Attitudes toward Instruction in Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data were obtained from 311 teachers in order to sample a wide domain of attitudes toward writing instruction and writing anxiety. The subjects' responses were organized along four attitudinal dimensions: (1) the importance of standard English in writing instruction (SE), (2) the importance of defining and evaluating writing tasks (DE), (3) the…

Gere, Anne Ruggles; And Others

242

Assessing the Instructional Leader of Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a proposed five-phase model for assessing the instructional leadership of rural school administrators. In phase one, assessors conduct a structured interview to determine participants' understanding of the skills and functions required of the instructional leader. Phase two allows participants to review and evaluate video…

Prickett, R. L.; And Others

243

Bibliographic Instruction Course Syllabus and Selected Handouts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains two syllabi and selected handouts developed for a graduate-level course in bibliographic instruction (BI). The purpose of the course is to enable students to become familiar with the field of bibliographic instruction and to plan, implement, and evaluate a BI course within an academic setting. Attention is also given to…

Peterson, Lorna

244

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Video Instruction on Social and Communication Skills Training for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Video instruction as an intervention for teaching skills to children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is gaining increased momentum in applied settings.Video instruction, comprised of video modeling, video self-modeling, and point-of-view video, has been utilized in various fields of study with various populations and target behaviors.…

Shukla-Mehta, Smita; Miller, Trube; Callahan, Kevin J.

2010-01-01

245

The Evaluation of Student Achievement in the Individually Prescribed Instruction Program in Mathematics at the Frank A. Berry School, Bethel, Connecticut.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The instructional implications of Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) were analyzed to determine what effect this method of organizing classroom teaching procedures had upon the arithmetic achievement of 104 IPI students, in comparison with a control group of 108 students. In addition, the study also sought to analyze the affective factors…

Gallagher, Peter K.

246

An Evaluation of a Progressive High-Probability Instructional Sequence Combined with Low-Probability Demand Fading in the Treatment of Food Selectivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Few studies have examined the effects of the high-probability instructional sequence in the treatment of food selectivity, and results of these studies have been mixed (e.g., Dawson et al., 2003; Patel et al., 2007). The present study extended previous research on the high-probability instructional sequence by combining this procedure with…

Penrod, Becky; Gardella, Laura; Fernand, Jonathan

2012-01-01

247

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Video Instruction on Social and Communication Skills Training for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Video instruction as an intervention for teaching skills to children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is gaining increased momentum in applied settings.Video instruction, comprised of video modeling, video self-modeling, and point-of-view video, has been utilized in various fields of study with various populations and target behaviors.…

Shukla-Mehta, Smita; Miller, Trube; Callahan, Kevin J.

2010-01-01

248

Personalized Instruction in Business Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The standard lecture/discussion format and the Personalized System of Instruction format (PSI) are compared by analyzing student evaluations of two sections of a course in production and operations management. Results of a t test, used to identify significant differences, indicate that PSI received higher ratings on most measures. (Author/AEF)

Ferguson, Wade

1981-01-01

249

Dedicated online virtual reference instruction.  

PubMed

To facilitate nursing students' information literacy skills and enhance traditional library user services, academic librarians have developed synchronous (real-time) online virtual reference instruction in nursing research classes. The authors discuss collaborative efforts of nursing and library faculty in planning, implementing, and evaluating a discipline-specific virtual reference pilot program. PMID:16292145

Guillot, Ladonna; Stahr, Beth; Plaisance, Louise

250

Students' Probabilistic Thinking in Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluates the thinking of third grade students in relation to an instructional program in probability which was informed by a research-based framework that included a description of students' probabilistic thinking. Reveals that overcoming misconceptions in sample space, applying both part-part and part-whole reasoning, and using invented…

Jones, Graham A.; Langrall, Cynthia W.; Thornton, Carol A.; Mogill, A. Timothy

1999-01-01

251

Data Based Instruction in Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data based instruction has received much attention in educational literature. It relates well to measurement driven teaching and learning. Data may come from several sources including mandated tests, district wide testing, formative and summative evaluations, as well as teacher written tests. Objective information is intended for use in data…

Ediger, Marlow

2010-01-01

252

Instruction scheduling for instruction level parallel processors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nearly all personal computer and workstation processors, and virtually all high-performance embedded processor cores, now embody instruction level parallel (ILP) processing in the form of superscalar or very long instruction word (VLIW) architectures. ILP processors put much more of a burden on compilers; without \\

PAOLO FARABOSCHI; JOSEPH A. FISHER; CLIFF YOUNG

2001-01-01

253

A systematic approach to instruction in research ethics.  

PubMed

This article describes a systematic approach for developing instructional programs that emphasizes defining learning needs, planning the learning environment, and evaluating learning to ensure continuous course improvement. This review outlines the nature of these interrelated components of instructional development and draws attention to issues specific to instruction in research ethics. Guiding questions summarize key, practical considerations, and the discussion suggests future steps in the pursuit of effective instruction in research ethics. Overall, the variety of approaches to instruction and mixed findings regarding its effectiveness underscore the need to apply a systematic framework to instruction in research ethics. PMID:24073607

Antes, Alison L

2014-01-01

254

Hodnoceni analyz pozarniho rizika pro jaderne elektrarny. Bezpecnostni predpisy. (Evaluation of fire hazard analyses for nuclear power plants. Safety instructions).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Complementing the basic concept of Safety Series 50-SG-D2 (Rev.1), the publication provides a detailed list of items and some limitations in the evaluation of the adequacy and efficiency of analysis of the fire hazard of nuclear power plants. The document...

1995-01-01

255

Department of Defense Instruction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Instruction consolidates, without substantive change, references (b) through (f) DoD Directive 4405.6, 'Delegation of Authority to Assistant Secretary of Defense (Installations and Logistics),' DoD Instruction 4405.11, 'Delegation of Priorities and A...

1971-01-01

256

Instructional System Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual presents a technology of instructional design and a model for developing and conducting efficient and cost effective Air Force instructional systems. Chapter 1 provides an overview of Instructional System Development (ISD). Chapters 2-6 each focus on a step of the process: analysis of system requirements; definition of…

Department of the Air Force, Washington, DC.

257

Assessment for Instructional Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessment is a common task in education that has many varied purposes. One of these is the use of assessment data to make decisions about instructional planning. This article presents a framework for how to use assessment data to plan instruction. It also provides some background on terminology of assessment for instructional planning, considerations for the development or use of

John L. Hosp; Scott P. Ardoin

2008-01-01

258

Effective Instructional Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Effective instructional management processes come in many guises, but all share four essential components: (1) a set of educational goals toward which progress can be measured; (2) a means of assessing students' instructional needs and determining placement and grouping; (3) an organizational structure and instructional delivery process capable…

Zakariya, Sally Banks; Steller, Arthur, Ed.

259

Instructional Rounds in Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Instructional Rounds in Action" is an invaluable guide for those involved in implementing instructional rounds as the foundation and framework for systemic improvement in schools. Over the past few years, districts across the United States, Canada, and Australia have begun implementing "instructional rounds," a set of ideas and practices for…

Roberts, John E.

2012-01-01

260

The impact of automated instructional design on instructional quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the impact of automated instructional design on instructional quality. The nature of use of automated instructional design tool by expert designers, novice designers, and non-designers functioning as instructional designers are examined in relation to their impact on producing effective instruction. ^ The purpose of this study was to understand the role automated instructional design tools play in

Letitia Nkechi Uduma

2003-01-01

261

45 CFR 63.39 - Religious worship or instruction.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Religious worship or instruction. 63.39 ...EVALUATION Special Provisions § 63.39 Religious worship or instruction. Federal...used for the making of any payment for religious worship or instruction, or for...

2011-10-01

262

45 CFR 63.39 - Religious worship or instruction.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Religious worship or instruction. 63.39 ...EVALUATION Special Provisions § 63.39 Religious worship or instruction. Federal...used for the making of any payment for religious worship or instruction, or for...

2012-10-01

263

Instructional Technology: Factors Influencing the Field.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

By definition, the fields of instructional technology and media are committed to an evaluation, generation, and application of research involving the act of teaching and the phenomena or learning, with differences in systems determined by the purpose for ...

W. E. Hug

1978-01-01

264

A formative evaluation of problem-based learning as an instructional strategy in a medical laboratory technician course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study is a formative evaluation of problem-based learning as an effective course delivery strategy in a second year introductory Medical Laboratory Technician discipline-specific hematology course. This strategy can serve two purposes in this type of course: discipline specific content knowledge and process skills learning. A needs study identified that students required additional workplace skills as they entered the clinical internship. Students tested well on the national registry examinations, discipline-specific content knowledge, but group process skills needed improvement in the areas of collaboration, communication, and critical reasoning. Problem-based learning was identified as an change intervention to help provide these skills. A search of the literature revealed that the Baker College cultural and physical environment would support this intervention. Twelve cases were written, situated in a clinical laboratory environment, addressing learning issues identified in a modified Delphi survey of laboratory personnel e.g. fiscal responsibility, turn-around time, invasiveness of laboratory techniques, and holistic view of healthcare environment. A hematology class of 13 students received the intervention. The cases were structured to proceed from instructor-centered (guided) learning issues to learner-centered learning issues. Observations of the in-group collaboration processes were documented, as well as oral presentations and critical reasoning, with students given periodic feedback on these skills. Student surveys provided data about satisfaction, attitude to PBL process, and self-efficacy. Multiple choice discipline-specific content examinations were given and compared with classes from the previous four years. The study found that students receiving the PBL treatment scored as well as or better than students from previous years on traditional multiple choice exams. Recall questions showed positive significance and application/analysis questions showed no significance from previous years. Clinical correlations end-of-case evaluations addressing the issues of thoroughness of investigation, supporting evidence, accuracy of information, order and clarity of thought showed positive improvement across the intervention, as did the PBL processes of in-group collaboration skills, teamwork skills, and presentation skills. By the end of the intervention, students expressed preference for student-centered learning issues.

Nelson, Diane Patricia

2002-09-01

265

Personality Structure, Instructional Outcomes, and Instructional Preference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four instructional treatments differing in structure and student responsibility were used with 60 abstract-thinking and 60 concrete-thinking students. A differentiated outcomes hypothesis is offered to account for the findings. (Authors)

Tuckman, Bruce W.; Orefice, Dominick S.

1973-01-01

266

Comparison of Direct Instruction and Problem Centered Instruction for Army Institutional Training.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A direct instruction (DI)-based and a problem-centered instruction (PCI)-based version of an Army training module (NCO Evaluation Report Preparation) were constructed and administered to different Infantry Advanced Leader Course classes. A common post-tes...

B. Perdomo M. D. Dlubac P. N. Blankenbeckler R. J. Pleban R. L. Wampler

2013-01-01

267

Technology for Early Braille Literacy: Comparison of Traditional Braille Instruction and Instruction with an Electronic Notetaker  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: The study reported here evaluated whether there was a difference in students' outcomes for braille fluency when instruction was provided with traditional braille media or refreshable braille. Students' and teachers' perceptions of the efficacy of the use of the different instructional media were analyzed. Methods: Nine students from…

Bickford, James O.; Falco, Ruth A.

2012-01-01

268

Evaluation of effectiveness of instruction and study habits in two consecutive clinical semesters of the medical curriculum munich (MeCuM) reveals the need for more time for self study and higher frequency of assessment  

PubMed Central

Background Seven years after implementing a new curriculum an evaluation was performed to explore possibilities for improvements. Purposes: To analyze students' study habits in relation to exam frequency and to evaluate effectiveness of instruction. Methods Time spent on self study (TSS) and the quantity of instruction (QI) was assessed during the internal medicine and the surgical semester. Students and faculty members were asked about study habits and their evaluation of the current curriculum. Results The TSS/QI ratio as a measure of effectiveness of instruction ranges mainly below 1.0 and rises only prior to exams. Students and teachers prefer to have multiple smaller exams over the course of the semester. Furthermore, students wish to have more time for self-guided study. Conclusions The TSS/QI ratio is predominantly below the aspired value of 1.0. Furthermore, the TSS/QI ratio is positively related to test frequency. We therefore propose a reduction of compulsory lessons and an increase in test frequency.

2011-01-01

269

Instructional design for distance learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An intrinsic link exists between instructional design (ID) and distance learning (DL). Their inextricability in the real world raises specific problems of interest in the field of ID. In no other teaching/learning situation is ID so essential as in DL. The conditions of DL make it a necessity to have long-term instructional planning, cost analysis, curriculum and course development, instructional materials development and maintenance, delivery plans, and detailed evaluation rules. Without all of these components, DL simply could not happen. It took some time for this neccessity to be acknowledged, as can be seen in the history of DL. However, ID becomes even more critical as increasingly costly and complex means are used. Conditions of learning have special features in DL, such as the role of media, since the professor, teacher or instructor is replaced by media for either transmitting information or for organizing learning activities. In this paper, the term distance learning will be used to mean media-based, remote or asynchronous learning supported by an instructional system. This paper introduces general features of DL and examines essential aspects of ID for DL, with special emphasis on ID methodologies and on media selection.

Bourdeau, Jacqueline; Bates, Anthony

1996-12-01

270

ERIP application instructions  

SciTech Connect

This report provides background information and instructions to assist applicants in writing Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) applications. Initial feedback fro usage for the new instructions shows that the best instructions would not be read and followed by all applicants. Applications from more than thirty applicants who have received the new instructions indicated that few had read the instructions. Based on this feedback, the instructions have been further revised to include a title page and table of contents. A warning was also added to advise applicants of the potential penalty of delayed review if these instructions are not followed. This revision was intended to address the possibility that some applicants did not see or bother to follow the instructions which followed the background information about ERIP. Included are two examples of ERIP applications which have been prepared for handout at workshops or mailing to applicants. Writing of example applications was time consuming and more difficult than expected for several reasons: (1) Full disclosures can be lengthy, very detailed, and technical. This contrasts with the desire to prepare examples which are comparatively short and easy for the non-technical person to read. (2) Disclosures contain confidential information which should not be published. (3) It is difficult to imagine that applicants will study examples when they do not bother to read the basic instructions.

Watt, D.M.

1992-01-02

271

A Preliminary Analysis of Instructional Control in the Maintenance of Appropriate Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bridge study evaluated the effects of contingency-specifying instructions (CSIs) and incomplete instructions (IIs) in terms of establishing instructional control of appropriate behavior. Results suggested that instructional control and maintenance were achieved with CSIs but not with IIs. Results are discussed in terms of the potential use…

Falcomata, Terry S.; Northup, John A.; Dutt, Anuradha; Stricker, Jason M.; Vinquist, Kelly M.; Engebretson, Brenda J.

2008-01-01

272

The Instructional Development Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Instructional Development Laboratory of Florida State University's Center for Educational Design (CED) is described. Among the major projects of the Laboratory has been the design and implementation of the PLATO computer-assisted instruction system. Included in the report are descriptions of (1) the facilities layout of the Laboratory, (2)…

Towle, Nelson J.

273

Teaching instructional software design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes our approach to teaching graduate students in education and computer science about the design of instructional software. The course is taught by instructional television (ITV) and involves the use of a computer bulletin board system. Students complete software projects using a variety of commercial authoring tools. Student reactions to the nature of the course are described as

Greg Kearsley; Rachelle Heller

1992-01-01

274

When Affect Informs Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses instructional strategies that address five affective needs of middle school students: freedom of choice, appropriate peer interactions, instructional diversity, personal expression, and broadened perspectives. Suggests that when incorporated into existing curriculum and laced with relevant application, these strategies can lead to a…

Wood, Karen D.; Jones, Jeanneine P.

1997-01-01

275

Assessing Instructional Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

basic component of the instructional life of almost every College or University around the world. The ways in which it affects the teaching and learning, however, have not been assessed satisfactorily yet. Throughout the 1998-1999 academic year, the Wellesley Technology Assessment Committee (or WTAC) met to develop an agenda for research on the instructional use of technology at Wellesley College.

Lawrence M. Baldwin; Panagiotis Takis Metaxas; Winifred J. Wood

1999-01-01

276

Valuing Differentiated Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is not enough to declare that differentiated instruction is going to be the order of the day. It also is not enough to call in a consultant and have teachers listen to a presentation about product, process, and assessment paradigms. Differentiated instruction is a practice that grows out of certain values that are important in the way school…

Benjamin, Amy

2006-01-01

277

Fundamentals of Library Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Being a great teacher is part and parcel of being a great librarian. In this book, veteran instruction services librarian McAdoo lays out the fundamentals of the discipline in easily accessible language. Succinctly covering the topic from top to bottom, he: (1) Offers an overview of the historical context of library instruction, drawing on recent…

McAdoo, Monty L.

2012-01-01

278

Preparing Instructional Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication is a "collection" of three separate manuscripts: (1) "A Paradigm Shift in Preparing Instructional Leaders" (published in December 2010); (2) "Transitions" (an introduction to the "Revisited manuscript"); and (3) "A Paradigm Shift in Preparing Instructional Leaders Revisited" (published in June 2011). The 2010 manuscript describes…

Gray, David; Lewis, Joe'l

2011-01-01

279

Creating Effective Multimedia Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

English: This paper presents information on several critical themes related to multimedia instruction. An understanding of these issues will be helpful to anyone involved in the design, development or use of computer delivered instruction. Topics addressed in this paper focus on: software product life cycle; systematic approach to design; multimedia design and development teams; production values; critical components of effective

Gregory C Sales

1999-01-01

280

THE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CENTER.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS BULLETIN PRESENTS RECOMMENDATIONS WITH REGARD TO PROGRAM, PERSONNEL, AND FACILITIES FOR AN INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CENTER. IT INCLUDES UTILIZATION, MATERIALS, FACILITIES, ORGANIZATION AND LAYOUTS FOR AN INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CENTER. CASE STUDIES AND EXAMPLES ARE PROVIDED FOR MAKING THE MAXIMUM POSSIBLE USAGE OF THE CENTER WITHIN BOTH THE…

ARTZ, DELPHINE; AND OTHERS

281

The Instructional Development Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Instructional Development Laboratory of Florida State University's Center for Educational Design (CED) is described. Among the major projects of the Laboratory has been the design and implementation of the PLATO computer-assisted instruction system. Included in the report are descriptions of (1) the facilities layout of the Laboratory, (2) the…

Towle, Nelson J.

282

Computer Designed Instruction & Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research findings on computer designed instruction and testing at the college level are discussed in 13 papers from the first Regional Conference on University Teaching at New Mexico State University. Titles and authors are as follows: "Don't Bother Me with Instructional Design, I'm Busy Programming! Suggestions for More Effective Educational…

New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces.

283

Peer Instruction Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website is the home of a global community for users of Peer Instruction and related interactive teaching methods. Members can connect with other educators to share experiences with active learning and collaborate to improve their courses. The web site includes a blog covering questions and issues regarding Peer Instruction.

2012-06-26

284

AN INSTRUCTIONAL MODEL FOR INTEGRATING CONTENT?AREA INSTRUCTION WITH COGNITIVE STRATEGY INSTRUCTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The limitations of treating learning strategy instruction and content?area subject instruction as separate rather than integrated components of the curriculum when teaching students with learning difficulties are addressed. A discussion of the challenges related to providing more integrated instructional formats follows. To address these challenges, a working instructional model that integrates two forms of scaffolded instruction is described within a

Edwin S. Ellis

1994-01-01

285

Adaptive Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Current processors are programmed through a fixed interface called the Instruction Set Architecture (ISA). Consequently, a compiler targeting such a processor is forced to choose instructions from the provided instruction set while generating code for a g...

S. Talla

2000-01-01

286

THE INITIAL TEACHING ALPHABET IN READING INSTRUCTION, EVALUATION-DEMONSTRATION PROJECT ON THE USE OF I.T.A. COMPREHENSIVE FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 3-YEAR STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF BEGINNING READING INSTRUCTION WITH THE INITIAL TEACHING ALPHABET (ITA) AND WITH TRADITIONAL ORTHOGRAPHY (TO) ON PUPILS' READING ACHIEVEMENT IN BETHLEHEM, PENNSYLVANIA, IS REPORTED. THE SCORES OF KINDERGARTEN PUPILS ON THE LEE-CLARK READING READINESS TEST WERE USED TO INSURE THE HETEROGENEITY OF THE TREATMENT…

MAZURKIEWICZ, ALBERT J.

287

Evaluation of the Market for Instructional Television and the Effects of Changes in the Communications Industry. Delivery Systems. Final Report. Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was prepared for the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (DHEW) on the role DHEW could play in the implementation of instructional television. This volume of the study provides a detailed description of alternative delivery systems. It analyzes the different technical capabilities and component costs of a variety of distribution…

Mathematica, Princeton, NJ.

288

Evaluation of the Effects of Medium of Instruction on the Science Learning of Hong Kong Secondary Students: Performance on the Science Achievement Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study examined the effects of a new Hong Kong policy requiring Chinese as the language of instruction on secondary students' learning of science. Science achievement test scores at 100 secondary schools indicate that previous use of English to teach science may have hampered students' ability to grasp material due to the high-level thinking…

Yip, Din Yan; Tsang, Wing Kwong; Cheung, Sin Pui

2003-01-01

289

Development and application of a diagnostic instrument to evaluate grade-11 and -12 students' concepts of covalent bonding and structure following a course of instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article initially outlines a procedure used to develop a written diagnostic instrument to identify grade-11 and -12 students' misconceptions and misunderstandings of the chemistry topic covalent bonding and structure. The content to be taught was carefully defined through a concept map and propositional statements. Following instruction, student understanding of the topic was identified from interviews, student-drawn concept maps, and

Raymond F. Peterson; David F. Treagust; Patrick Garnett

1989-01-01

290

The Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of an Electronics Curriculum Using Computer-Assisted Instruction/Computer-Controlled Laboratory at Motlow State Community College, Tullahoma, Tennessee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Motlow State Community College (MSCC) in Tullahoma, Tennessee, received a federal grant to develop and implement an electronics computer-assisted instruction (CAI) classroom and an electronics computer-controlled laboratory (CCL). A portion of a complete CAI/CCL electronics curriculum developed by NIDA Corporation was developed, implemented, and…

Hasty, Doyle E.

291

Inquiry-Based Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The term inquiry has been used to form curriculum goals, design instructional strategies, and assess learning. The term also describes what scientists do. Within the science classroom, inquiry is used to promote activity-oriented learning that reflects scientific investigation--specifically the observation, experimentation, and reasoning used by scientists. Understanding the roles between content and process in school science helps educators better understand and practice inquiry-based instruction. This article discusses the differences between four aspects of instruction: content; content with process; process with content; and process.

Adams, April D.; Chiappetta, Eugene L.

2004-02-01

292

Addressing instruction fetch bottlenecks by using an instruction register file  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Instruction Register File (IRF) is an architectural ext ension for providing improved access to frequently occurring instructions. An optimizing compiler can exploit an IRF by packing an appli- cation's instructions, resulting in decreased code size, r educed en- ergy consumption and improved execution time primarily due to a smaller footprint in the instruction cache. The nature of t he

Stephen Roderick Hines; Gary S. Tyson; David B. Whalley

2007-01-01

293

An evaluation of a progressive high-probability instructional sequence combined with low-probability demand fading in the treatment of food selectivity.  

PubMed

Few studies have examined the effects of the high-probability instructional sequence in the treatment of food selectivity, and results of these studies have been mixed (e.g., Dawson et al., 2003; Patel et al., 2007). The present study extended previous research on the high-probability instructional sequence by combining this procedure with low-probability demand fading with 2 boys with autism (9 and 10 years old) who had a history of food selectivity and engaged in active food refusal behaviors when presented with novel foods. Response requirements were faded gradually from responses the child would tolerate (e.g., touching the food) to the final requirement of chewing and swallowing the food. The antecedent-based intervention was implemented in the absence of escape extinction and was effective in increasing food consumption for both participants. Possible mechanisms responsible for the effectiveness of the intervention are discussed along with directions for future research. PMID:23060666

Penrod, Becky; Gardella, Laura; Fernand, Jonathan

2012-01-01

294

Instructional Improvement in the College Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Much of the effectiveness of college instruction depends on the quality of the methods that are used to evaluate student progress. After developing a test or examination that is a valid and reliable measure of student performance, the college instructor must evaluate the results of the examination and report the level and quality of student…

Aleamoni, Lawrence M.

295

An evaluation of 9-1-1 calls to assess the effectiveness of dispatch-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instructions: design and methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest is the leading cause of mortality in Canada, and the overall survival rate for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest rarely exceeds 5%. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been shown to increase survival for cardiac arrest victims. However, bystander CPR rates remain low in Canada, rarely exceeding 15%, despite various attempts to improve them. Dispatch-assisted CPR instructions have the potential

Christian Vaillancourt; Manya L Charette; Ian G Stiell; George A Wells

2008-01-01

296

Successful Instructional Development Workshops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ways in which instructional development activities can be transformed into eagerly awaited opportunities for personal and institutional growth are discussed. The teaching workshop conducted by an expert from another campus is discussed. (MLW)

Browne, M. Neil; Keeley, Stuart M.

1988-01-01

297

Personalizing communication instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Keller Plan or Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) is well suited to the needs of teachers and students in communication courses. The authors discuss the theoretical base of PSI, its goals, and its implementation in Speech Communication classrooms.

Michael D. Scott; Thomas J. Young

1976-01-01

298

Peer Instruction for Astronomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

How can instructors achieve real-time pace matching with students during large class lectures? How can students become more invested in their own in-class learning? Peer Instruction, coming into widespread use for undergraduate physics courses across the U.S., and now for astronomy as well, can help resolve these perennial questions. As a crucial part of Peer Instruction, teachers pose a question

P. J. Green; W. A. Morgan Jr.

2000-01-01

299

Instructional Design Models  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides an extensive set of references pertaining to instructional design. Models are grouped within prescriptive or phenomenological categories, broken down into behaviorist, cognivist, and constructivist approaches to instruction. With each model, the resource provides a liberal set of links to articles ranging from basic primers to in-depth analyses, including comparative studies and critiques. All links are current and the resource is updated monthly.

Ryder, Martin

1995-03-15

300

Tools for Automating Instructional Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses and describes automated instructional design (AID) tools that assist instructional designers and others in creating instructional products to improve learning. Highlights include expert systems; advisory systems; information management systems; electronic performance support systems; and authoring tools for computer-based instruction.…

Kasowitz, Abby

2000-01-01

301

Adaptive Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current processors are programmed through a fixed interface called the Instruction Set Architecture (ISA). Consequently, a compiler targeting such a processor is forced to choose instructions from the provided instruction set while generating code for a given application. Often this instruction set is not a suitable match for the computational requirements of the application program. With in this context, we

Surendranath Talla

2000-01-01

302

PsycINFO Tutorial: A Viable Instructional Alternative  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article questions the effectiveness and overall applicability of a tutorial as an instructional alternative to in-class instruction. A tutorial was developed to instruct undergraduate students in a high-enrollment psychology course, in the use of the PsycINFO database. A pretest and posttest instrument was developed to evaluate retained information. The results demonstrated that the tutorial significantly increased undergraduate students' understanding

Dorothy Persson; Carlette Washington-Hoagland

2004-01-01

303

Teaching self-instruction to high school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to demonstrate the effectiveness of instructional programming in counseling, an experimental evaluation of a ten-week program aimed at teaching skills and strategies of self-instruction to high school students was conducted. Thirty-two grade ten students were assigned randomly to an experimental self-instruction group and a control group. Dependent variables included Rotter's (1966) Control of Reinforcement Questionnaire, Rosenbaum's (1980)

Jack Martin; Steven Norris

1985-01-01

304

Pingus Penguins: Writing Good Instructions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use the free computer game Pingus to learn how engineers, specifically environmental engineers, use their technical writing skills to give instructions and follow the instructions of others. Students learn to write instructions to express their ideas in clear, organized ways using descriptive, un-ambiguous sentences, as an example of one type of technical writing that important for engineers. The students write instructions enumerating how to beat a game level, which represents surveying that level for environmental problems. As a test of their instructions, students review each othersâ instructions and offer suggestions for improvement, and then revise their instructions to make them better. Students also see some examples of environmental problems.

GK-12 INSIGHT Program,

305

Instructional Strategies: Multivariable Studies of Psychological Processes Related to Instruction. Part I. Instructional Strategies: A Model and Its Application.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: A theory of instructional strategy; Cognitive stimulation in instructional strategies; Strategies for orienting students to educational objectives; Instructional strategies and learner transformations; Student instrumental activities and instruc...

F. J. Di Vesta C. B. Schultz N. M. Sanders P. D. Weener

1971-01-01

306

Peer Instruction for Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Peer Instruction for Astronomy is an instructor's guide to an exciting and easily-implemented enhancement for lecture classes in introductory astronomy. Application of this powerful and efficient teaching technique requires that the instructor have on hand a large number of thought-provoking, conceptual short answer questions aimed at a variety of levels. While significant numbers of such questions have been published for use in Physics, Peer Instruction for Astronomy provides the first such compilation for Astronomy, and includes hints on use of the technique and applications of the method. KEY TOPICS: Covers peer instruction, incentives, a large database of conceptual questions for use in class, and a list of readings and resources. MARKET: Ideal for introductory astronomy instructors at the undergraduate or advanced high school level.

Green, Paul

307

Assessing Technology Enhanced Instruction: A Case Study in Secondary Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an evaluation program designed to assess the effectiveness of technology enhanced instruction within the context of the Technology Enhanced Secondary Science Instruction (TESSI) project, a field-based research program of technology integration into secondary science. Includes analyses of student enrollment and achievement, ethnographic…

Woodrow, Janice E. J.; Mayer-Smith, Jolie A.; Pedretti, Erminia G.

2000-01-01

308

Television in Language Arts Education. A National Instructional Television Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the conferences sponsored by National Instructional Television in 1968 was conducted to evaluate television materials being offered in Language Arts Education in order to stimulate effective television programing. Twelve specialists assessed materials collected from instructional television agencies across the country. They concluded that…

National Instructional Television Center, Bloomington, IN.

309

Developing Career Education; 7-12 Instructional Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide presents instructional units aimed at developing career education for grades 7-12. Each unit provides detailed objectives, activities, resources, and evaluation methods; several units also include related activities, instructional materials, and worksheets. Topics (arranged by grade in the guide) include: plot development; art; building…

Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln. Div. of Vocational Education.

310

Tier 3 Specialized Writing Instruction for Students with Dyslexia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two instructional experiments used randomized, controlled designs to evaluate the effectiveness of writing instruction for students with carefully diagnosed dyslexia, which is both an oral reading and writing disorder, characterized by impaired "word" decoding, reading, and spelling. In Study 1 (4th to 6th grade sample and 7th to 9th grade…

Berninger, Virginia W.; Winn, William D.; Stock, Patricia; Abbott, Robert D.; Eschen, Kate; Lin, Shin-Ju; Garcia, Noelia; Anderson-Youngstrom, Marci; Murphy, Heather; Lovitt, Dan; Trivedi, Pamala; Jones, Janine; Amtmann, Dagmar; Nagy, William

2008-01-01

311

A Formative Analysis of Instructional Strategies for Using Learning Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, limited research has been done examining and evaluating the instructional wrap for using learning objects effectively. The current study examined instructional strategies used by 15 teachers to integrate learning objects into 30 secondary school classrooms (510 students). Four key areas were examined: preparation time, purpose for using a…

Kay, Robin; Knaack, Liesel; Muirhead, Bill

2009-01-01

312

What Happens During Instruction: Is Any Metaphor Necessary?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This commentary on C. Addison Stone's paper on the scaffolding metaphor for the learning disabilities field urges that all available literature, rather than a particular metaphor, should be used to evaluate the efficacy of instructional procedures in interpreting findings of instructional research. (Author/DB)|

Scruggs, Thomas E.; Mastropieri, Margo A.

1998-01-01

313

Instructional strategies for a graduate level information security management course  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents instructional strategies used in a graduate level information security management course to provide value-added learning to students. New technologies are making it possible to add interactivity to course materials. A graduate level course relies primarily on discussions and case study evaluations of security related topics. Using a theoretical framework of information security, development of instructional activities in

Sunil Hazari

2004-01-01

314

Sex Stereotyping in Instructional Materials and Television: Awareness Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This awareness kit provides information on the portrayals of women and men in two media--instructional materials and television; discusses how to evaluate and choose the best media materials from those that exist; recommends actions that will help to eliminate sex stereotyping in instructional materials and television; and suggests an approach to…

Butler, Matilda

315

Development of a Computer-Assisted Program for Undergraduate Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Menu-planning concepts, teaching and learning theory, and computer-assisted instruction were integrated to develop an interactive computer-assisted instructional menu planning program. The program was used to study the manner in which student and expert menu planners use knowledge when evaluating and revising a problem menu. (DS)

Asp, Elaine H.; Gordon, Joan

1981-01-01

316

Instructional Resources and Materials for Business-Spanish Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The program, curriculum, and materials needed to provide business Spanish training are described, and the available instructional materials are reviewed and listed. In developing a business Spanish program, decisions must be made regarding goals, content, structure, instructional format, evaluation procedures, and target population. The content…

Cere, Ronald

317

Developing Career Education; 7-12 Instructional Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The guide presents instructional units aimed at developing career education for grades 7-12. Each unit provides detailed objectives, activities, resources, and evaluation methods; several units also include related activities, instructional materials, and worksheets. Topics (arranged by grade in the guide) include: plot development; art; building…

Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln. Div. of Vocational Education.

318

Tier 3 Specialized Writing Instruction for Students with Dyslexia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two instructional experiments used randomized, controlled designs to evaluate the effectiveness of writing instruction for students with carefully diagnosed dyslexia, which is both an oral reading and writing disorder, characterized by impaired "word" decoding, reading, and spelling. In Study 1 (4th to 6th grade sample and 7th to 9th grade…

Berninger, Virginia W.; Winn, William D.; Stock, Patricia; Abbott, Robert D.; Eschen, Kate; Lin, Shin-Ju; Garcia, Noelia; Anderson-Youngstrom, Marci; Murphy, Heather; Lovitt, Dan; Trivedi, Pamala; Jones, Janine; Amtmann, Dagmar; Nagy, William

2008-01-01

319

They Teach Too: A Role for Paraprofessionals in Library Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the use of paraprofessional library staff at Aurora Library (Colorado) to teach part of the bibliographic instruction sessions. Highlights include strategic planning, revising the library instruction program to incorporate reduction and still meet the students' educational needs, staff attitudes, and program evaluation and changes.…

Turner, Diane J.; Grotzky, Marilyn E.

1995-01-01

320

Differentiating Mathematics Instruction (monograph)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 8-page monograph outlines the importance of differentiating math instruction and describes critical features of effective strategies. Providing learning tasks that are appropriate and within a studentâs "zone of proximal development" requires a teacher to 1) focus on the key concepts to be learned, 2) assess where the student is in the instructional trajectory, and 3) design both open and parallel tasks that allow the student to advance along that trajectory. The author uses various examples to illustrate this process. A list of references and related readings is provided.

2008-09-01

321

Redefining classroom instruction.  

PubMed

In this study, the role of the classroom instructor was redefined from a "lecturer" responsible for delivering the core curriculum to a "facilitator" at the center of an active learning environment. Web-based lectures were used to provide foundation content to students outside of the classroom, which made it possible to improve the quality of student-faculty contact time in the classroom. Students reported that this hybrid format of instruction afforded them a better understanding of the content, a higher probability of retaining the content, and the opportunity to spend more time thinking about the application of the content compared with more traditional lecture-based methods of instruction. PMID:16912147

Goldberg, Harry R; Haase, Eileen; Shoukas, Artin; Schramm, Lawrence

2006-09-01

322

Literacy Instruction: From Assignment to Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This action research demonstrates the answer to this question: How can literacy professors provide effective training in evaluating writing to preservice graduate education students? The study examines writing assessment instruction in the context of a literacy course required of preservice teachers seeking secondary (7-12) certification in…

DelleBovi, Betsy M.

2012-01-01

323

Evidence-Based Mathematics Instruction Innovation Configuration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This innovation configuration offers a set of quantifiable indicators of instructional excellence in mathematics. These indicators are related to improved achievement in mathematics and can be used to improve teacher competencies. The innovation configuration is offered as a means of evaluating and aligning teacher preparation and professional…

McGraner, Kristin L.; VanDerHeyden, Amanda; Holdheide, Lynn

2011-01-01

324

Can Music Instruction Affect Children's Cognitive Development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have examined the effects of music instruction on children's abilities in other disciplines. Other studies have explored the effects of listening to music on adults' spatial abilities. Findings from these two sets of studies have been confused, leading to claims that listening to music can improve children's academic abilities. This Digest evaluates these claims and discusses the evidence

Frances H. Rauscher; ERIC DIGEST

325

Effective Assessment Techniques for Online Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to discuss effective assessment techniques suitable for online instruction. Online assessment should be viewed as a system for evaluating student academic achievement. Becoming knowledgeable about online assessment is crucial at a time when there is an increased demand for accountability from educational institutions. Perhaps the discussion presented here will assist faculty and administrators in

Jorge Gaytan

326

Assessment of Cognitive Requirements of Instructional Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluates the CHEM study topics of kinetic theory of gases, phase changes, chemical bonds, and equilibrium as to the level of cognitive development required for an understanding of each subject. Advocates an assignment of topics within the range of a student's cognitive ability in an individual study format of instruction. (CP)|

Hartford, Fred; Good, Ron

1976-01-01

327

Health Instruction Packages: Pregnancy and Childbirth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Text, illustrations, and reinforcement exercises are utilized in these nine learning modules to instruct nurses and expectant mothers in topics related to pre-natal care, labor, and post-partum readjustment. The first module, "Pre-Natal Evaluation" by Betty Ostrander, teaches the nurse to diagnose toxemia of pregnancy. The second module,…

Ostrander, Betty; And Others

328

Instructional Conceptions: Analysis from an Instructional Design Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learners are active actors in learning environments and not mere consumers of instructional designers' products. In line with mediating paradigm instructional conceptions of students are analysed. These conceptions act as cognitive filters that affect students' use of both instructional interventions and support in learning environments. To gain…

Lowyck, Joost; Elen, Jan; Clarebout, Geraldine

2004-01-01

329

Instructional Conceptions: Analysis from an Instructional Design Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learners are active actors in learning environments and not mere consumers of instructional designers' products. In line with mediating paradigm instructional conceptions of students are analysed. These conceptions act as cognitive filters that affect students' use of both instructional interventions and support in learning environments. To gain…

Lowyck, Joost; Elen, Jan; Clarebout, Geraldine

2004-01-01

330

Getting to the point: attempting to improve juror comprehension of capital penalty phase instructions.  

PubMed

This research examined the effects of several versions of capital penalty phase instructions on juror comprehension. Study One documented the impact of California's recently implemented "plain language" instruction. It showed that although the new instruction has clear advantages over the previous version, significant comprehension problems remain. Study Two evaluated several modified instructions designed to enhance comprehension. Participants heard either a standard patterned instruction or one of two alternatives-a psycholinguistically improved instruction, or a "pinpoint" instruction using case-related facts to illustrate key terms-in a simulated death penalty sentencing phase. Persons who heard modified instructions demonstrated higher levels of comprehension on virtually every measure as compared to those in the standard instruction condition. PMID:20936335

Smith, Amy E; Haney, Craig

2011-10-01

331

Performance evaluation of the IBM RISC (reduced instruction set computer) System/6000: Comparison of an optimized scalar processor with two vector processors  

SciTech Connect

RISC System/6000 computers are workstations with a reduced instruction set processor recently developed by IBM. This report details the performance of the 6000-series computers as measured using a set of portable, standard-Fortran, computationally-intensive benchmark codes that represent the scientific workload at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. On all but three of our benchmark codes, the 40-ns RISC System was able to perform as well as a single Convex C-240 processor, a vector processor that also has a 40-ns clock cycle, and on these same codes, it performed as well as the FPS-500, a vector processor with a 30-ns clock cycle. 17 refs., 2 figs., 6 tabs.

Simmons, M.L.; Wasserman, H.J.

1990-01-01

332

At Home Instructional Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a federally funded project involving 80 children (1-4 years old) with a variety of intellectual, social, emotional, and/or physical handicaps, the manual contains 12 units for home instruction of young handicapped and non handicapped children. Included are listings of overall objectives and suggested activities to promote language, gross…

Hilton, Vicky E., Comp.

333

At Home Instructional Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on a federally funded project involving 80 children (1-4 years old) with a variety of intellectual, social, emotional, and/or physical handicaps, the manual contains 12 units for home instruction of young handicapped and non handicapped children. Included are listings of overall objectives and suggested activities to promote language, gross…

Hilton, Vicky E., Comp.

334

Signs for Instructional Purposes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrations depict 465 new manual signs for use in high school and college instruction of deaf students. The signs represent words or phrases, usually made up of many letters, which are important to the following subject matters; sciences and mathematics (general terms), biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, psychology, humanities (general…

Kannapell, Barbara M.; And Others

335

Wind Power. Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy developed as part of a descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas (see note). The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…

Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan

336

Multiple Instruction Stream Processor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microprocessor design is undergoing a major paradigm shift towards multi-core designs, in anticipation that fu- ture performance gains will come from exploiting thread- level parallelism in the software. To support this trend, we present a novel processor architecture called the Multiple Instruction Stream Processing (MISP) architecture. MISP introduces the sequencer as a new category of architectural resource, and defines a

Richard A. Hankins; Gautham N. Chinya; Jamison D. Collins; Perry H. Wang; Ryan Rakvic; Hong Wang; John Paul Shen

2006-01-01

337

Solar Energy. Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy developed as part of a descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas (see note). The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…

Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan

338

Alcohol Fuels. Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy developed as part of the descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas (see note). The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…

Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan

339

Wind Power. Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy developed as part of a descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas (see note). The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…

Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan

340

Paratransit: An Instructional Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A concept-based introduction to paratransit is provided in this instructional module for undergraduate and graduate transportation-related courses for disciplines such as engineering, business, marketing, and technology. The concept of paratransit generally refers to modes of transportation other than mass transit and solo-driven automobiles. The…

Scalici, Anthony

341

INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS, GERMAN.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE CONSTRUCTION, REVISION, AND STANDARDIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL IN GERMAN IS DISCUSSED IN THIS REPORT AFTER CONSIDERATION IS GIVEN TO THE METHODS AND GOALS CONNECTED WITH THE PRODUCTION OF LANGUAGE MATERIAL. THE ROLE OF RESEARCHERS, AUTHORS, PUBLISHERS, TEACHERS, AND STUDENTS IN DEVELOPING COURSE MATERIAL IS OUTLINED. DESCRIPTIONS ARE…

LINDELL, EBBE

342

Instructional Guidelines. Welding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using the standards of the American Welding Society and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, this welding instructional guidelines manual presents a course of study in accordance with the current practices in industry. Intended for use in welding programs now practiced within the Federal Prison System, the phases of the program are…

Fordyce, H. L.; Doshier, Dale

343

Instructional Guide for Cosmetology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended as a tool for cosmetology teachers in Virginia public and private schools, the document is an instructional guide which offers 12 units of study, arranged in a three year course. Materials covered help prepare students for licensure in the State of Virginia and the guide is designed to cover the 1,500 hours required to be spent in the…

Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Dept. of Education.

344

Nuclear Energy. Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy (see note) developed as part of a descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas. The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…

Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan

345

University Instruction in HRD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains three papers presented at a symposium on university instruction in human resource development (HRD) moderated by Janice Black at the 1996 conference of the Academy of Human Resource Development (AHRD). "Facilitating Transfer of Learning from the Classroom to the Workplace" (Brenda S. Gardner, Sharon J. Korth) examines a…

1996

346

Secondary Dance Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual provides guidelines for dance teachers in secondary schools. A brief statement is made on the purpose and philosophy of dance education, and activities and instructional suggestions are presented for various dance forms: (1) group dance--folk/ethnic, square dance, and social dance; (2) aerobic dance; (3) jazz dance; (4) modern dance;…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD. Dept. of Instructional Planning and Development.

347

New Dimensions in Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The recent evolution of instructional programs in colleges of agriculture has made them more usefu" to society and meaningful to the academic community. Seminars aimed at improving the effectiveness of teaching have also improved the quality of faculty counseling for undergraduates and graduates. For more than 10 years, curricula have been…

Acker, Duane

348

Orwell's Instructive Errors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about George Orwell, his instructive errors, and the manner in which Orwell pierced worthless theory, faced facts and defended decency (with fluctuating success), and largely ignored the tradition of accumulated wisdom that has rendered him a timeless teacher--one whose inadvertent lessons, while infrequently…

Julian, Liam

2009-01-01

349

Issues in Reading Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presently, reading is much discussed by senators, representatives, and state legislatures--the debate is on the following issues in reading instruction: (1) having all students in public school achieve at grade level as a reading minimum; (2) accountability of teachers for student achievement; (3) teachers having high achievement expectations from…

Ediger, Marlow

350

Adaptive Computerized Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an artificially intelligent multimedia computerized instruction system capable of developing a conceptual image of what a student is learning while the student is learning it. It focuses on principles of learning and adaptive behavioral control systems theory upon which the system is designed and demonstrates multiple user modes.…

Ray, Roger D.; And Others

1995-01-01

351

Principals as Instructional Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At some level, principals always have been instructional leaders--but never before has their role been more prominent. First, the accountability movement--No Child Left Behind (NCLB) in particular--thrust principals into the spotlight on academic achievement. Then budget cuts peeled away capacity at both the district and school levels, thinning…

Finkel, Ed

2012-01-01

352

Simplifying Tennis Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How many physical education programs incorporate tennis into the curriculum? How many physical educators feel proficient enough to teach tennis? Equally important, do students truly make progress when tennis is taught? Tennis instruction in secondary physical education settings is often frustrating for students and teachers alike. Many physical…

Vasil, Jay

2005-01-01

353

Theme: Laboratory Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A series of theme articles discuss setting up laboratory hydroponics units, the school farm at the Zuni Pueblo in New Mexico, laboratory experiences in natural resources management and urban horticulture, the development of teaching labs at Derry (PA) High School, management of instructional laboratories, and industry involvement in agricultural…

Bruening, Thomas H.; And Others

1992-01-01

354

Signs for Instructional Purposes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Illustrations depict 465 new manual signs for use in high school and college instruction of deaf students. The signs represent words or phrases, usually made up of many letters, which are important to the following subject matters; sciences and mathematics (general terms), biology, chemistry, mathematics, physics, psychology, humanities (general…

Kannapell, Barbara M.; And Others

355

Apparel. Teacher's Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide for a one-half credit technological laboratory course for grades 10-12 focuses on apparel from the perspectives of personal decision making related to apparel, the apparel industry, and career preparation. Introductory materials are a course description; overview of course design; facilities, equipment, and resources; and…

Rambo, Patti

356

Renegotiating vocational instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research by the author and others suggests that secondary vocational instruction may often fail to develop students' analytical and critical thinking skills. This failure, it is argued, is manifest in teacher-student “negotiation” as set in a complex social, economic, and institutional context. The article focuses on how vocational education might be reformed to address this problem. Discussed are the

John F. Claus

1989-01-01

357

Culturally Responsive Literacy Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching ability, over and above reading programs, is the major contributor to students' literacy success. Culturally and linguistically diverse students are not receiving "a free and appropriate education" when teachers are not implementing instructional strategies that optimize student achievement or positively reinforcing their cultural…

Callins, Tandria

2006-01-01

358

Management. Teacher's Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This teacher's instructional guide, which is part of a family and consumer sciences education series focusing on a broad range of employment opportunities, is intended to assist teachers responsible for teaching one- and two-year management programs for Texas high school students. The following are among the items included: (1) introductory…

Hutnyak, Dana

359

Modeling Instruction in High School Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This study develops an instructional strategy based on the Atkin - Karplus learning cycle and the Hestenes theory of modeling instruction in physics. It utilizes a laboratory activity-centered program as the mechanism for model development and the Halloun-Hestenes taxonomy of misconceptions in mechanics to guide the development of the factual knowledge. A detailed application of this method of instruction is illustrated with a series of activities to develop and deploy kinematical models of constant acceleration. The effectiveness of this instructional method was evaluated by diagnostic pretests and posttests in mechanics, comparing three high school classes of honors physics students taught by different methods. The didactic method of instruction was found to be the least effective, with a pretest-posttest gain of 4.7 (13%); the inquiry method was next, with a gain of 7.9 (22%); while the structured inquiry method was shown to be the most effective, achieving a gain of 12.4 (34%) on a 36-point test.

Wells, Malcolm

2009-05-06

360

Multimedia System of Individualized Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The multimedia instructional system used at Mt. San Jacinto College (California) provides instruction to help students achieve more of the course objectives. How to write objectives, different ways to utilize media, and individual, small group, and large group instruction are some of the topics discussed. Some advantages of this system are: (1)…

Johnson, Milo P.

361

Individualizing Instruction: Promise Versus Reality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue of the "Illinois English Bulletin" is divided into 30 sections which discuss individualizing instruction. Some of the topics included are: the advantages of individualizing instruction in general, the writing of daily learning objectives for use by the classroom teacher, individualizing instruction at Lincolnland Community College,…

Stewart, Norman L., Ed.

1975-01-01

362

Instructional design for distance learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

An intrinsic link exists between instructional design (ID) and distance learning (DL). Their inextricability in the real world raises specific problems of interest in the field of ID. In no other teaching\\/learning situation is ID so essential as in DL. The conditions of DL make it a necessity to have long-term instructional planning, cost analysis, curriculum and course development, instructional

Jacqueline Bourdeau; Anthony Bates

1996-01-01

363

Intelligent Frameworks for Instructional Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a taxonomy describing various uses of artificial intelligence techniques in automated instructional development systems. Instructional systems development is discussed in relation to the design of computer-based instructional courseware; two systems being developed at the Air Force Armstrong Laboratory are reviewed; and further research…

Spector, J. Michael; And Others

1992-01-01

364

Multimedia System of Individualized Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The multimedia instructional system used at Mt. San Jacinto College (California) provides instruction to help students achieve more of the course objectives. How to write objectives, different ways to utilize media, and individual, small group, and large group instruction are some of the topics discussed. Some advantages of this system are: (1)…

Johnson, Milo P.

365

Limits on Multiple Instruction Issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

The performance of microprocessors has increased dramatically over the past few years. Part of the performance gain has come from reducing the cycle time, while the rest has come from decreasing the average number of cycles needed to complete an instruction. Current RISC processors already achieve an instruction-execution rate of nearly one instruction per cycle (Henn 86). To continue improving

Michael D. Smith; Mike Johnson; Mark Horowitz

1989-01-01

366

Research-Based Instructional Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School library media specialists have four primary responsibilities: teacher, instructional partner, information specialist, and program administrator. As instructional partners, school library media specialists collaborate in designing instruction and learning activities that "reflect the best in current research and practice." Researchers at the…

Hoover, Clara

2006-01-01

367

Library Instruction: Principles, Theories, Connections, and Challenges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses principles of learning and instructional theories and relates them to instruction in academic library user education. Highlights include a conceptual approach, Gagne's hierarchical knowledge and instructional design, Merrill's instructional theory, Reigeluth's elaboration theory, Kolb's experiential learning, Perry's cognitive…

Piette, Mary I.

1995-01-01

368

Instructional Alignment: Searching for a Magic Bullet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Instructional alignment is the extent to which stimulus conditions match three instructional components. This paper demonstrates a new perspective in which instructional alignment generates larger effects in research and practice for less "cost" than other instructional constructs. (VM)|

Cohen, S. Alan

1987-01-01

369

Understanding Instructions: The Role of Explanatory Material.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research deals with how people understand, execute, remember, and use written instructions. The issue of major concern is the organization of steps in a set of instructions. Typically, instructional steps are organized linearly, i.e., instructions co...

E. E. Smith L. Goodman

1982-01-01

370

Validation of the Instructional Strategy Diagnostic Profile (ISDP): Empirical Studies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Instructional Strategy Diagnostic Profile (ISDP) was designed to enable instructional developers and evaluators to predict the effectiveness of, and prescribe improvements for existing instructional materials. Experimental studies were conducted in introductory college statistics and physics classes to validate the ISDP and its accompanying…

Merrill, M. David; Wood, Norman D.

371

Enhancing Vocational Instruction through Resource Support. The Vital Role of Resource Assistance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss the special resources needed to provide vocational instruction to special needs students. Topics covered include (1) required supportive personnel, (2) requisite skills for vocational resource personnel, (3) vocational resource techniques, (4) instruction, (5) instructional materials, and (6) evaluation. (CH)

Linari, Ronald; Belmont, Robert

1988-01-01

372

Emergent intraverbal responses via tact and match-to-sample instruction.  

PubMed

The present investigation evaluated the effectiveness of category tact and match-to-sample instruction in facilitating the emergence of intraverbal responses (i.e., naming several items belonging to a specific category) for 2 children with autism. Results demonstrated the emergence of untaught responses, suggesting an effective instructional protocol for establishing intraverbal responses without direct instruction. PMID:23060673

Grannan, Leigh; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne

2012-01-01

373

Instructional teacher leadership roles in New York City public elementary schools: Theory into practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

As an element embedded in several school reform initiatives, public elementary schools in New York City implemented a variety of instructional leadership roles. The purpose of this study was to determine how public elementary school principals in New York City implemented and evaluated the effectiveness of instructional teacher leadership roles in building teacher instructional capacity and improving student achievement. ^

Christabel Quigley

2011-01-01

374

Competency-based instruction in critical invasive skills improves both resident performance and patient safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Correct performance of invasive skills is essential, but residents often undertake such procedures after no or minimal instruction. Methods: We instructed eight postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residents in the cadaver laboratory using a competency-based approach (CBI). Each resident had been evaluated before the laboratory during patient encounters. Group instruction in endotracheal tube insertion (ET), venous cutdown (VC), and chest

Marcel Martin; Bhupesh Vashisht; Eldo Frezza; Terri Ferone; Barbara Lopez; Murlidhar Pahuja; Richard K. Spence

1998-01-01

375

Getting to the Point: Attempting to Improve Juror Comprehension of Capital Penalty Phase Instructions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the effects of several versions of capital penalty phase instructions on juror comprehension. Study\\u000a One documented the impact of California’s recently implemented “plain language” instruction. It showed that although the new\\u000a instruction has clear advantages over the previous version, significant comprehension problems remain. Study Two evaluated\\u000a several modified instructions designed to enhance comprehension. Participants heard either a

Amy E. Smith; Craig Haney

2011-01-01

376

Systematic instruction for individuals with acquired brain injury: Results of a randomised controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to evaluate experimentally systematic instruction compared with trial-and-error learning (conventional instruction) applied to assistive technology for cognition (ATC), in a double-blind, pre-test–post-test, randomised controlled trial. Twenty-nine persons with moderate–severe cognitive impairments due to acquired brain injury (15 in systematic instruction group; 14 in conventional instruction) completed the study. Both groups received 12, 45-minute individual

Laurie Ehlhardt Powell; Ann Glang; Deborah Ettel; Bonnie Todis; McKay Moore Sohlberg; Richard Albin

2012-01-01

377

Novice Instructional Design (NID) of Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Novice instructional design (NID) is an instructional strategy where students design instruction in order to better learn information. NID by students is an increasingly common instructional activity, particularly with technology; however, there is little research regarding what the instructional designer learns by engaging in the instructional

Baylor, Amy L.

378

Instruction Systems for USMC Professional Military Education: Exploratory Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Phases I and II of this effort to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of Marine Corps professional military education (PME) addressed resident PME; and Phase III, nonresident PME. An individualized instruction and evaluation system implemented in Ph...

J. N. Joyner R. Vineberg G. A. Davis R. A. Zimmerman

1984-01-01

379

And now a case for more complex instruction sets  

SciTech Connect

This article shows that RISC performance estimates, when compared to alternative conventional CISC (such as VAX, S/360, etc.) approaches, seem impressive. While there have been critical appraisals of the RISC approach, the comparative performance evaluations provide formidable, although qualified, evidence in its favor. The purpose here is to evaluate and compare RISC-type designs with non-RISC instruction-set extensions using a level playing field: with similar compiler strategies, without compatibility considerations, and with similar implementation constraints. The author also deal with instruction set evaluation. The data presented is based on five benchmark programs discussed later. Instruction sets have many attributes as well as constraints. The key to careful instruction set evaluation is to consider key attributes and the tradeoffs possible among them in light of implementation constraints.

Flynn, M.J.; Mitchell, C.L.; Mulder, J.M.

1987-09-01

380

7 CFR Exhibit B-1 to Subpart I of... - Instructions for Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants B Exhibit...REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants Pt. 1944...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants...

2009-01-01

381

7 CFR Exhibit B-1 to Subpart I of... - Instructions for Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants B Exhibit...REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants Pt. 1944...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants...

2010-01-01

382

Development and application of a diagnostic instrument to evaluate grade-11 and -12 students' concepts of covalent bonding and structure following a course of instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article initially outlines a procedure used to develop a written diagnostic instrument to identify grade-11 and -12 students' misconceptions and misunderstandings of the chemistry topic covalent bonding and structure. The content to be taught was carefully defined through a concept map and propositional statements. Following instruction, student understanding of the topic was identified from interviews, student-drawn concept maps, and free-response questions. These data were used to produce 15 two-tier multiple-choice items where the first tier examined content knowledge and the second examined understanding of that knowledge in six conceptual areas, namely, bond polarity, molecular shape, polarity of molecules, lattices, intermolecular forces, and the octet rule. The diagnostic instrument was administered to a total of 243 grade-11 and -12 chemistry students and has a Cronbach alpha reliability of 0.73. Item difficulties ranged from 0.13 to 0.60; discrimination values ranged from 0.32 to 0.65. Each item was analyzed to ascertain student understanding of and identify misconceptions related to the concepts and propositional statements underlying covalent bonding and structure.

Peterson, Raymond F.; Treagust, David F.; Garnett, Patrick

383

Simplifying Inquiry Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Inquiry instruction is a hallmark of the current science education reform efforts. However, defining inquiry and assessing how much inquiry is supported by a particular activity or lab can be difficult and confusing. This article presents a simplified explanation of inquiry and provides a rubric that will enable science teachers to determine whether an activity is inquiry-based and, if so, to assess the level of inquiry it supports.

Binns, Ian; Smetana, Lara; Bell, Randy L.

2005-10-01

384

Designing effective instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  We have usedDesigning Effective Instruction in introductory ID courses and experienced its use from both the instructors' and the learners' perspective. Our overall\\u000a conclusion is that it is highly usable and accessible to beginning ID students, including those whose first language may not\\u000a be English. The ID model presented is clear and the focus on the learner throughout is appropriate

Gary J. Anglin; Steven M. Ross; Jerrold E. Kemp

2002-01-01

385

Learning from programmed instruction: Examining implications for modern instructional technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports a theoretical examination of several parallels between contemporary instructional technology (as manifest\\u000a in one of its most current manifestations, online learning) and one of its direct predecessors, programmed instruction. We\\u000a place particular focus on the unterlying assumptions of the two movements. Our analysis suggests that four assumptions that\\u000a contributed to the historical demise of programmed instruction—(a) ontological

Jason K. McDonald; Stephen C. Yanchar; Russell T. Osguthorpe

2005-01-01

386

Additive Manufacturing Instructional Videos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two instructional videos from RapidTech, the National Center for Rapid Technologies, show types of additive manufacturing processes. The first video is 6:12 in length and describes "The 3D Printer Revolution" by explaining what 3D printing is, its advantages, and how it may drastically change manufacturing. The second video is 1:30 in length and titled "Manufacturing in Motion: First Survey on the 3D Printing Community." The video presents the results from survey questions in graph form.

2013-06-14

387

TA5 -- Self-Instruction Materials for the Professional Standards Review Organizations (PSRO) Management Information System (PMIS). Federal Reports Manual -- Medical Care Evaluation Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document, one in a series dealing with professional standards review organizations (PSRO's), outlines procedures to aid in conducting PSRO medical care evaluation studies using the PSRO Management Information System (PMIS). Upon completion of the mat...

1977-01-01

388

Parallel instruction set extension identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern embedded processors are often customized to accelerate native code. However, the design space exploration of hardware\\/software trade-offs is often time-intensive. To explore the design space of a processor's instruction set, simulations are utilized. Instruction set extension identification is usually performed by analyzing the basic blocks of an application in a linear fashion. We present an instruction set extension identification

Daniel Shapiro; Michael Montcalm; Miodrag Bolic

2010-01-01

389

Using the ADDIE model in designing library instruction.  

PubMed

Librarians are increasingly placed in the role of instructor and are required to design and deliver effective instruction. This article highlights ADDIE, an instructional design model that librarians at Weill Cornell Medical College used to redesign an evidence-based medicine course taken by first-year medical students. The ADDIE model incorporates the five phases of analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. It was found that the application of ADDIE can result in instruction that focuses on learning outcomes relevant to students, meets students' needs, and facilitates active learning. PMID:23869632

Reinbold, Sarah

2013-01-01

390

Total Quality Management (TQM) concepts applied to instruction  

SciTech Connect

Drawing on DOE Order 5700.6C and other industry standards, this document presents several concepts and tools of Total Quality Management (TQM), a brief history of their use at EG&G Rocky Flats, and how they are being applied to address processes of instruction common to TAP. Concepts presented and applied include: statistical process control (SPC), e.g. using control charts, as an evaluation methodology for learners and instructors; TQM conceptual tools, e.g. brainstorming, affinity diagrams, and interrelationship digraphs, as a methodology for planning programs of instruction such as TAP; and team activities to construct instructional process systems.

Nuccio, E.J.

1992-05-01

391

Total Quality Management (TQM) concepts applied to instruction  

SciTech Connect

Drawing on DOE Order 5700.6C and other industry standards, this document presents several concepts and tools of Total Quality Management (TQM), a brief history of their use at EG G Rocky Flats, and how they are being applied to address processes of instruction common to TAP. Concepts presented and applied include: statistical process control (SPC), e.g. using control charts, as an evaluation methodology for learners and instructors; TQM conceptual tools, e.g. brainstorming, affinity diagrams, and interrelationship digraphs, as a methodology for planning programs of instruction such as TAP; and team activities to construct instructional process systems.

Nuccio, E.J.

1992-01-01

392

Students' understanding of combustion and its instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined a cross-age population of 1,237 students from grades 6 through 12 and also 76 university students. Also, 75 8th grade students in two instructional groups were involved in a session of 16-hour science courses. A questionnaire with six knowledge and twelve cognitive ability questions was used to evaluate students' understanding of combustion. Furthermore, one pre-test and two

Chih-Che Tai

2009-01-01

393

Instructional Cloze "Redux": Tactical Support for Comprehension Strategy Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Though its popularity has waxed and waned, cloze continues to be regarded as an instructional strategy for the fostering of reading comprehension. This article takes the view of cloze as one tactic in support of strategy instruction, rather than a strategy in its own right. In contrast to the formulaic applications of cloze for assessment…

Buettner, Edwin G.

2011-01-01

394

Improving Reading Instruction through Research-Based Instructional Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The diverse population of students in grades 1- 3 at a suburban elementary school has created a challenge for teachers when differentiating instruction in reading. The purpose of this doctoral project study was to explore the lived experiences of these teachers as they have acquired research-based instructional strategies in reading that support…

Nash, Vickie Lynn

2010-01-01

395

Instructional Design and Online Instruction: Practices and Perception.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides an overview of practices and perceptions related to instructional design and online learning, including changes that come with online learning, merits and challenges, and concerns about quality learning. Recommendations are offered in the following areas: appropriateness of the Internet; course content; instructional styles; student…

Ali, Ahmed

2003-01-01

396

Individualized Instruction: Selected Elements, Programs, and Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This information package was developed by the Texas Information Service (TIS) to provide Texas educators with practical information on individualizing instruction. In addition to information on programs and practices, items on related concepts and instructional materials were included. The general contents of the package were divided into two…

Texas Information Service, Austin.

397

Content-based Instruction for African Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines content-based instruction for African languages and considers Schleicher's (2000) expatiation of goal-based instruction for African languages. Focuses on the parameters for content-based instruction, the profile of a content-based instructional program, the nature of content-based instruction, the first steps for African languages, and…

Moshi, Lioba

2001-01-01

398

The Impact of Instruction in the WWWDOT Framework on Students' Disposition and Ability to Evaluate Web Sites as Sources of Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Much research has demonstrated that students are largely uncritical users of Web sites as sources of information. Research-tested frameworks are needed to increase elementary-age students' awareness of the need and ability to critically evaluate Web sites as sources of information. This study is a randomized field trial of such a framework called…

Zhang, Shenglan; Duke, Nell K.

2011-01-01

399

EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INSTRUCTION IN AGRICULTURAL MECHANICS FOR VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE STUDENTS IN ARKANSAS WHO ENTER NON-FARMING OCCUPATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A NEW PROGRAM, A STUDY WAS MADE TO DETERMINE -- (1) OCCUPATIONS ENTERED, (2) EFFECT OF NUMBER OF YEARS IN VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE ON OCCUPATIONAL CHOICE, (3) MECHANICAL SKILLS USEFUL IN THE OCCUPATION, (4) ADDITIONAL SKILLS NEEDED, AND (5) CHANGES NEEDED IN THE COURSE OF STUDY. THE SAMPLE INCLUDED 802 FORMER…

ROBERTS, ROY W.

400

A hierarchical approach to Students’ Assessments of Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A teacher evaluation system can be threatening to faculty, especially if used for summative decisions. Therefore, it is important to obtain valid and pertinent information. Since students are extensively exposed to course elements, students’ evaluation of instruction should be one of several components in the teacher evaluation system. Since traditional methods, such as Cronbach’s alpha and ordinary least squares regression,

Alan Socha

2011-01-01

401

Connecting Instructional Technology Professional Development to Teacher and Student Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from an evaluation of an instructional-technology professional development (PD) program that uses many practices advocated by PD experts. In this multiphase evaluation, evaluators examined the program, determined whether variations in program implementation had an impact on teacher outcomes, and then looked at…

Martin, Wendy; Strother, Scott; Beglau, Monica; Bates, Lauren; Reitzes, Timothy; Culp, Katherine McMillan

2010-01-01

402

Enhancing Instructor Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers why instructor evaluations typically do not significantly impact instruction and describes how Commonwealth Edison, a large nuclear utility, adopted core competencies that were incorporated into all phases of instructional development: initial training for trainers, continuing training, and as the basis for an instructional evaluation

Flesher, Jeffrey; Sommers, Chandra; Brauchle, Paul

2000-01-01

403

Tier 3 specialized writing instruction for students with dyslexia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two instructional experiments used randomized, controlled designs to evaluate the effectiveness of writing instruction for\\u000a students with carefully diagnosed dyslexia, which is both an oral reading and writing disorder, characterized by impaired\\u000a word decoding, reading, and spelling. In Study 1 (4th to 6th grade sample and 7th to 9th grade sample), students were randomly\\u000a assigned to orthographic or morphological spelling

Virginia W. Berninger; William D. Winn; Patricia Stock; Robert D. Abbott; Kate Eschen; Noelia Garcia; Marci Anderson-Youngstrom; Heather Murphy; Dan Lovitt; Pamala Trivedi; Janine Jones; Dagmar Amtmann; William Nagy

2008-01-01

404

Using Progress-Monitoring Data to Improve Instructional Decision Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the authors describe the use of curriculum-based measurement as a research-validated practice for monitoring student academic achievement and ultimately for improving students' educational outcomes. The authors describe oral-reading fluency and maze fluency as assessment tools for monitoring student progress, evaluating instructional effectiveness, and aiding teachers with instructional planning. They provide a brief hypothetical case study of 1

Pamela M. Stecker; Erica S. Lembke; Anne Foegen

2008-01-01

405

Reading Instruction for Struggling Learners  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey conducted among approximately 1,400 students at 63 primary schools showed that learning gains for initial reading varied significantly for students in the last 6 months of Year 3. Learning gains turned out to be much higher in classes where students had received explicit or direct instruction, where instruction had been organized efficiently, and where appropriate remedial measures for

Thoni Houtveen; Wim van de Grift

2007-01-01

406

Developing Principals as Instructional Leaders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea that principals should serve as instructional leaders—not just as generic managers—in their schools is widely subscribed to among educators. In practice, though, few principals act as genuine instructional leaders. Their days are filled with activities of management ?scheduling, reporting, handling relations with parents and community, dealing with the multiple crises and special situations that are inevitable in schools.

Elaine Fink; Lauren B. Resnick

407

Cognitive Approaches to Automated Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains a snapshot of state-of-the-art research on the design of automated instructional systems. Selected cognitive psychologists were asked to describe their approach to instruction and cognitive diagnosis, the theoretical basis of the approach, its utility and applicability, and the knowledge engineering or task analysis methods…

Regian, J. Wesley, Ed.; Shute, Valerie J., Ed.

408

Instructional Technologists Discovering, Sharing, Preparing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article identifies the instructional technology programs offered in the College of Education at East Carolina University. Additionally, this article briefly discusses technological and pedagogical factors that influence work pursued in the instructional technology field today, which leads to introductions of the articles in the issue.…

Luterbach, Kenneth J.

2012-01-01

409

Preschoolers’ Viewing of Instructional Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

The structural relations among viewing behaviors, viewing conditions, background characteristics, and intellectual ability to preschoolers’ learning from instructional television were investigated. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups who viewed tapes designed to teach seriation concepts. Subjects viewed in groups of four, in dyads, or individually. Instructional outcomes were not affected by treatment condition, so data were

Ronald W. Henderson; Richard J. Rankin

1986-01-01

410

Recorded Visual Instruction; 1973 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Great Plains National Instruction Television Library identifies, makes available, and distributes--on a lease basis--videotaped instructional television courses to educational institutions and agencies. It also has materials on 16mm film and kinescope available for lease. The total offering is nearly 150 recorded courses and related teacher…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Great Plains National Instructional Television Library.

411

An Assessment of Instructional Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 1966 through 1968, National Instructional Television (NIT) examined the status and potential of television in subjects where the medium was most extensively used. This collection is composed of eight historical reports of conferences on different subject matter areas; together, they present an analysis and appraisal of instructional

National Instructional Television Center, Bloomington, IN.

412

Instructional Design: Bridge to Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work educators surveyed reported differential success in implementing key instructional development elements--success in specifying objectives and developing related assessment procedures, obstacles in building bridges to competence through instructional design. Aids in matching learners to learning environments are outlined. (MSE)

Gross, Gerald M.

1981-01-01

413

Proactive Instructions for Furniture Assembly  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tennenhouse (1) coined the term proactive computing where humans get out of the interaction loop and may be serviced specically according to their needs and current situation. In this paper we propose a framework for proactive assembly instructions which aims to overcome limitations of today's printed and computer based instructions. By at- taching several computing devices and multiple sensors onto

Stavros Antifakos; Florian Michahelles; Bernt Schiele

2002-01-01

414

Dependency responses to televised instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared anecdotal responses of 375 college freshmen exemplifying both effective and ineffective instruction in both televised and conventional classroom instruction. Thus, each S gave 4 anecdotes. When treated in the manner of the Flanagan critical incident technique by 4 independent judges, the anecdotes were classified into 2 broad categories: (a) those behaviors describing essentially active initiation by the

Shepard A. Insel; Kurt Schlesinger; Wilfred Desrosiers

1963-01-01

415

The Advanced Instructional Design Advisor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the Advanced Instructional Design Advisor, an Air Force project which involves the development and testing of automated instructional design guidance for use by Air Force technical training specialists in the development of computer-based training software. System architecture is explained, and a cognitive continuum approach to the…

Muraida, Daniel J.; Spector, J. Michael

1993-01-01

416

Basic References on Instructional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey was conducted of more than 300 instructional developers, asking which books they would recommend for a variety of different uses. To assist them, a listing of 139 instructional development books taken from a recent journal article was included with the survey. Participants, who represented a diverse but highly-experienced group, were…

Braden, Roberts A.; Sachs, Steven G.

417

Feedback Procedures in Programed Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two experiments investigated the impact of immediate knowledge of a correct response (KCR) upon learning in programed instruction. The 356 subjects completed a programed lesson on myocardial infarction taught by means of the PLATO IV computer assisted instructional system. Subjects who received KCR after responding learned significantly more than…

Anderson, Richard C.; And Others

418

Contextual antecedents of instructional leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

The premise of this paper is that principals' activities and the success of those activities for the creation or maintenance of potent instruction in schools depends largely on the nature of principals' instructional contexts. Contextual precursors to principals' actions are identified and their relevancy described through the comparison of the behaviors of four elementary school principals in rural, suburban, and

David C. Dwyer

1985-01-01

419

Arthur: A Personalized Instructional System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined whether there was a significant difference in learner outcomes from the use of Arthur (Gilbert & Han, 1999), a computer-based adaptive instructional system that provides personalized instruction to each learner. Found that Arthur does provide a significant difference in learner outcomes. (EV)|

Gilbert, Juan E.; Han, C. Y.

2002-01-01

420

Library Instruction 2.0  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the 2008 ALA Annual Conference, a wonderful Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) preconference was presented entitled "Library Instruction 2.0: Building Your Online Instruction Toolkit". The presentation was enlightening and provided numerous and valuable recommendations for Web 2.0 sites that can facilitate and enliven library…

Bridgewater, Rachel; Deitering, Anne-Marie; Munro, Karen

2009-01-01

421

Instructional Design for Distance Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces general features of distance learning and examines essential aspects of instructional design for distance learning with special emphasis on instructional design methodologies and media selection. Discusses the ACTIONS Model (Access Costs Teaching Interaction Organization Novelty Speed). (56 references) (Author/JRH)

Bourdeau, Jacqueline; Bates, Anthony

1996-01-01

422

Teaching Instructional Design on TICCIT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An individualized instructional development training program was developed that allows teachers to enter at several points and move through the instruction in a way that suits their own particular needs and challenges. The program was designed for implementation on the TICCIT computer controlled television system, although it could be adapted to…

Black, Dean; Bunderson, C. Victor

423

PLATO Instruction for Elementary Accounting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A progress report of a study using computer assisted instruction (CAI) materials for an elementary course in accounting principles is presented. The study was based on the following objectives: (1) improvement of instruction in the elementary accounting sequence, and (2) help for transfer students from two-year institutions. The materials under…

McKeown, James C.

424

Agricultural Education--Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation presents over 950 resumes of instructional materials in agricultural education, which have appeared quarterly in "Abstracts of Instructional Materials in Vocational and Technical Education" (AIM), Fall 1967 through Fall 1971. Resumes cover a broad range of fields and occupations, such as agribusiness, agronomy, animal and plant…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

425

Science Instruction: An Endangered Species  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In light of the importance science plays in people's lives and society, it is perplexing to observe the minimal attention given to science instruction--especially in the elementary grades. Though some information presented here is not new, the authors' intent is to stimulate a dialogue about effective elementary science instruction by offering a…

Conderman, Greg; Woods, C. Sheldon

2008-01-01

426

Agricultural Education--Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This compilation presents over 950 resumes of instructional materials in agricultural education, which have appeared quarterly in "Abstracts of Instructional Materials in Vocational and Technical Education" (AIM), Fall 1967 through Fall 1971. Resumes cover a broad range of fields and occupations, such as agribusiness, agronomy, animal and plant…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

427

Intelligent Frameworks for Instructional Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many researchers are attempting to develop automated instructional development systems to guide subject matter experts through the lengthy and difficult process of courseware development. Because the targeted users often lack instructional design expertise, a great deal of emphasis has been placed on the use of artificial intelligence (AI) to…

Spector, J. Michael; And Others

428

Instructional Design. [SITE 2001 Section].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the papers on instructional design from the SITE (Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education) 2001 conference. Topics covered include: an adaptive e-framework for teacher training; assessing the integration of technology into the curriculum; promoting instructional planning; learning and using World Wide Web page…

Boger, Stephanie, Ed.

429

Instructional Activities in Personal Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication, a collection of instructional activities with decision-making as the main focus, is correlated to the "Give and Take" video/film series developed for a consortium of state and provincial education agencies. Presented are concepts related to the risks in taking advantage of economic opportunities, and instructional activities…

Eddinger, Suzanne S.; Van Sickle, Ronald L.

430

Watch, Discover, Think, and Act: evaluation of computer-assisted instruction to improve asthma self-management in inner-city children  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interactive multimedia computer game to enhance self-management skills and thereby improve asthma outcomes in inner city children with asthma was evaluated. Subjects aged 6–17 were recruited from four pediatric practices and randomly assigned to the computer intervention condition or to the usual-care comparison. The main character in the game could match the subject on gender and ethnicity. Characteristics of

L. K Bartholomew; R. S Gold; G. S Parcel; D. I Czyzewski; M. M Sockrider; M Fernandez; R Shegog; P Swank

2000-01-01

431

Principles for Web-Based Instruction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis presents a set of principles for web-based instruction based on literature from instructional design, usability engineering, and human computer interaction. A questionnaire based on usability and instructional design attempts to show that in o...

E. I. Stefanyshyn

2001-01-01

432

Types of Verbal Interaction with Instructable Robots.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An instructable robot is one that accepts instruction in some natural language such as English and uses that instruction to extend its basic repertoire of actions. Such robots are quite different in conception from autonomously intelligent robots, which p...

C. Crangle P. Suppes S. Michalowski

1987-01-01

433

Academic Service Quality and Instructional Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined the relationship between academic service quality and instructional quality in higher education. Found a high correlation between academic service and instructional quality, with academic service overlapping instructional quality in three dimensions: enthusiasm, organization, and rapport. (EV)|

Greiner, Keith; Westbrook, Thomas S.

2002-01-01

434

Basic Instruction Programs: At the Crossroads.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic instruction programs, those designed to instruct students in sports, dance, and fitness, are physical education in its purest form. These seven articles examine basic instruction programs in terms of history, trends, goals, financing, student fitness, and lifetime activity. (MT)

Considine, William J.; And Others

1985-01-01

435

Expectations about Instructional Theories and "Instructional Technology": Comments Regarding Six Instructional Theories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Some comments are provided about challenges facing the "instructional theory community," and specific remarks are made about papers presented at a session on expectations about instructional theory at the 1998 annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association (AERA) (Session 2). An area of particular interest is that of…

Snelbecker, Glenn E.

436

Public Health Emergency Home Preparation Instructions for ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Public Health Emergency Home Preparation Instructions for Doxycycline. The following home preparation instructions for ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/emergencypreparedness/bioterrorismanddrugpreparedness

437

Systematic Phonics Instruction Helps Students Learn To Read: Evidence from the National Reading Panel's Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conducted a quantitative meta-analysis evaluating the effects of systematic phonics instruction compared to unsystematic or no phonics instruction on learning to read using 66 treatment-control comparisons derived from 38 experiments. Results show that systematic phonics instruction is effective and should be implemented as part of literacy…

Ehri, Linnea C.; Nunes, Simone R.; Stahl, Steven A.; Willows, Dale M.

2001-01-01

438

A modeling method for high school physics instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The design and development of a new method for high school physics instruction is described. Students are actively engaged in understanding the physical world by constructing and using scientific models to describe, explain, predict, and to control physical phenomena. Course content is organized around a small set of basic models. Instruction is organized into modeling cycles which move students systematically through all phases of model development, evaluation, and application in concrete situations-thus developing skill and insight in the procedural aspects of scientific knowledge. Objective evidence shows that the modeling method can produce much larger gains in student understanding than alternative methods of instruction. This reveals limitations of the popular ``cooperative inquiry'' and ``learning cycle'' methods. It is concluded that the effectiveness of physics instruction depends heavily on the pedagogical expertise of the teacher. The problem of cultivating such expertise among high school teachers is discussed at length, with specific recommendations for action within the physics community.

Wells, Malcolm; Hestenes, David; Swackhamer, Gregg

1995-07-01

439

A modeling method for high school physics instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The design and development of a new method for high school physics instruction is described. Students are actively engaged in understanding the physical world by constructing and using scientific models to describe, explain, predict, and to control physical phenomena. Course content is organized around a small set of basic models. Instruction is organized into modeling cycles which move students systematically through all phases of model development, evaluation, and application in concrete situationsâ??thus developing skill and insight in the procedural aspects of scientific knowledge. Objective evidence shows that the modeling method can produce much larger gains in student understanding than alternative methods of instruction. This reveals limitations of the popular "cooperative inquiry" and "learning cycle" methods. It is concluded that the effectiveness of physics instruction depends heavily on the pedagogical expertise of the teacher. The problem of cultivating such expertise among high school teachers is discussed at length, with specific recommendations for action within the physics community.

Wells, Malcolm; Hestenes, David; Swackhamer, Gregg

2005-10-17

440

Direct instruction revisited: A key model for instructional technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rooted in behavioral theory, particularly the radical or selectivist behaviorism of B.F. Skinner (1953, 1954, 1966, 1968,\\u000a 1974), the direct instruction (DI) approach to teaching is now well into its third decade of influencing curriculum, instruction,\\u000a and research. It is also in its third decade of controversy. Our purpose is to present the DI model with the notion that the

Susan G. Magliaro; Barbara B. Lockee; John K. Burton

2005-01-01

441

Teachers’ beliefs about instructional computing: Implications for instructional designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports selected results of a study in which teachers’ perceptions, opinions, and attitudes about instructional\\u000a computing were examined. Implications about equitable access to computers in public schools are described. The data were gathered\\u000a via a questionnaire mailed to 510 sixth-grade teachers in K-6 structured public schools. Significant findings concerning the\\u000a nature of teachers’ thoughts and experiences with instructional

Nancy Nelson Knupfer

1988-01-01

442

Gaining Confidence in Mathematics: Instructional Technology for Girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

AnimalWatch is a mathematics tutor with enhanced adaptive feedback precisely tailored to girls' instructional needs. Three evaluation st udies with fifth grade students support our hypothesis that adaptive feedback is beneficial to girls' math confidence. We have also had high levels of teacher participation including classroom activities, after-school presentations and summer workshops. This paper describes features of the tutor, evaluation

Carole R. Beal; Beverly P. Woolf; Joseph Beck; Ivon Arroyo; Klaus Schultz; David M. Hart

2000-01-01

443

Effect of televised simulated instruction on subsequent teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

15 teacher-trainees were randomly assigned to a simulation instruction condition and compared on subsequent teaching performance with 12 controls. Following simulation, all Ss engaged in 8 wk. of student teaching, and were evaluated on 3 separate occasions by Sinha's Teacher Performance Evaluation Scale. Factor analysis identified 6 specific performance factors: (a) personality traits, (b) warmth of teacher behavior, (c) general

Larry C. Jensen; Jon I. Young

1972-01-01

444

A Handbook of Instructional and Training Program Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although it is generally argued that information technology (IT) is a science rather than an art, very few professionals follow a process of systematic evaluation and revision, usually due to the level of difficulty and time constraints involved. The intent of this document is to provide a framework for evaluation and revision of instructional

Schlegel, M. J.

445

The Instruction of Reading Comprehension. Technical Report No. 297.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in reading comprehension was reviewed in order to characterize, summarize, and evaluate its contribution to principles of instructional practice. Studies were divided into four major research traditions: existential descriptions, existential proofs, pedagogical experiments, and program evaluations. An examination of these four frameworks…

Pearson, P. David; Gallagher, Margaret C.

446

Computer Assisted Instruction for Equilibrium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes two computer assisted tutorials, one on acid ionization constants (Ka), and the other on solubility product constants (Ksp). Discusses framework to be used in writing computer assisted instruction programs. Lists topics covered in the programs. (MVL)|

Berry, Gifford L.

1988-01-01

447

Optimal Structures for Multimedia Instruction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the first year's work in a two year study of optimal structures for multimedia instruction. The project has two phases. The first phase elicits experienced instructors' explanations of a demonstration device, in order to obtain for a...

J. Goguen C. Linde

1984-01-01

448

English Language Instruction in Iran  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews briefly the history of American efforts to officially participate in the improvement of English language instruction in Iran, analyzes the factors underlying the inadequate and unsatisfactory attainment of English language skills among Iranian students, and recommends new policies. (JM)

Strain, Jeris E.

1971-01-01

449

Zoology by Self-Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A historical account is given of how a conventional university first-year undergraduate course in zoology has been replaced by a self-instructional one. Advantages and problems are weighed, and successful student achievement and interest are described. (LBH)

Roach, Keith; Hammond, Roger

1976-01-01

450

Measurement as an Instructional Catalyst.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The need for improved accountability has led to more competency-based testing. This provides test makers with the opportunity to have greater impact on the curriculum. Several strategies are suggested for measurement-based instructional improvement. (Author/PN)|

Popham, W. James

1983-01-01

451

Object affordance influences instruction span.  

PubMed

We measured memory span for assembly instructions involving objects with handles oriented to the left or right side. Right-handed participants remembered more instructions when objects' handles were spatially congruent with the hand used in forthcoming assembly actions. No such affordance-based memory benefit was found for left-handed participants. These results are discussed in terms of motor simulation as an embodied rehearsal mechanism. PMID:22972449

Apel, Jens K; Cangelosi, Angelo; Ellis, Rob; Goslin, Jeremy; Fischer, Martin H

2012-09-13

452

Adaptive Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Poor scalability of Superscalar architectures with increasinginstruction-level parallelism (ILP) has resulted in a trend towards staticallyscheduled horizontal architectures such as Very Large Instruction Word(VLIW) processors and their more sophisticated successors called ExplicitlyParallel Instruction Computing (EPIC) architectures. We extend the EPiCmodel with additional capabilities to reconfigure the datapath at runtimein terms of the number and types of functional units...

Krishna V. Palem; Surendranath Talla; Patrick W. Devaney

1999-01-01

453

A Communication-Based Theory of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A comprehensive theory of instruction is needed that (1) acknowledges the centrality of communication to instruction; (2) recognizes that instruction involves changes in student knowledge, affect, and behavior; and (3) reflects a systematic orientation to instruction. The literature in diffusion, particularly in the area of the communication of…

Elliot, Scott M.; Scott, Michael D.

454

Colleague to Colleague: Deepening Instructional Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collaborative dialogue about instructional practices is essential to the growth of the education profession. To determine what effective instruction is and how to improve their own instructional practice, educators must clarify and publicly state their beliefs about instruction, teaching, and leadership. This is messy and complex work, and to…

Gullen, Kristine; Chaffee, Martin

2012-01-01

455

Nature and Use of Instructional Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this booklet is to introduce newly developed instructional media that are being used in Japan. After short discussions of the teaching-learning process, the functions of instructional media, and the classification and characteristics of instructional media, the instructional media currently in use are discussed. Final sections deal…

Sakamoto, Takashi; Yoshida, Hiroshi

456

Linking cognitive learning theory to instructional prescriptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an initial model of instructional design which directly links cognitive learning theory and instructional prescriptions. The major constructs of the model include components of the memory system, allocation of learning times by objectives and specific instructional methods. The model proposes that instructional time be divided so as to reach the educational goals of improvements in higher-order learning

Robert D. Tennyson; Mariana Rasch

1988-01-01

457

Assessing instructional outcomes in Canadian academic libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This article reports on a three-year study of information literacy instruction in Canadian academic libraries, focusing on the outcomes of instruction in terms of tests of information literacy skills and interviews with students that explored their experiences of information literacy instruction. Particular emphasis is given to investigating instructional effectiveness and assessing learning outcomes,with respect to identifying those institutional and

Heidi Julien; Stuart Boon

2004-01-01

458

Instructional Technology Must Contribute to Productivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Those involved in instructional technology in higher education are urged to view instructional technology as a means of improving academic productivity. Instructional technology has been used for over forty years to analyze instructional problems and design solutions that reduce costs and improve learning outcomes. The Pew Program in Course…

Molenda, Michael

2009-01-01

459

The relationship between individual instructional characteristics and the overall assessment of teaching effectiveness across different instructional contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an ongoing debate in the student evaluation of teaching literature about whether an overall rating or factorial dimensions of teaching effectiveness should be used in personnel decisions. Marsh and his colleagues have advocated the use of a weighted average approach to computing overall evaluations. A policy-capturing experiment was carried out where students in three different instructional contexts made

Joseph M. Ryan; Paul D. Harrison

1995-01-01

460

The Instructional Planning Self-Reflective Tool (IPSRT): A Method for Promoting Effective Lesson Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The Instructional Planning Self-Reflective Tool (IPSRT) offers pre-service teachers a new approach to incorporate traditional instructional planning methods. Grounded in a social cognitive theoretical perspective, the IPSRT facilitates the use of self-regulatory strategies, specifically self-monitoring and self-evaluation processes, in lesson planning. Given that instructional planning is an essential foundation for educational technology, this tool has implications for enhancing,the training

Amy Baylor; Anastasia Kitsantas; Hyunmi Chung

461

The interaction effect between instructional methods and instructional multimedia: A cognitive load approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interaction effect between instructional methods (instructional drill and instructional analogy) and instructional multimedia (text and picture) was investigated in this study based on the Cognitive Load Theory. Instructional efficiency was measured as the main dependent variable. There were 165 college students divided into one control group and four experimental groups to participate in the study. Learning time, learning gain,

Wen-hao Huang

2006-01-01

462

The Many Hats of an Instructional Designer: The Development of an Instructional Card Game.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the difficulties in defining instructional technology, suggests core competencies, proposes five instructional designer archetypes, and describes the development of an instructional card game designed for graduate students in instructional design to expose them to major responsibilities of an instructional designer and give them insight…

Sugar, William; Betrus, Anthony

2002-01-01

463

TRUPACT-II Operating and Maintenance Instructions  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to provide the technical requirements for preparation for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of a Transuranic Package Transporter Model II (TRUPACT-II) Shipping Package and directly related components. This document complies with the minimum requirements as specified in the TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificate of Compliance (C of C) 9218. In the event there is a conflict between this document and the TRUPACT-II SARP, the TRUPACT-II SARP shall govern. TRUPACT-II C of C number 9218 states, ''... each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application.'' It further states, ''... each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the application.'' Chapter 9 of the TRUPACT-II SARP charges the Westinghouse Electric Corporation Waste Isolation Division (WID) with assuring that the TRUPACT-II is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. To meet this requirement and verify consistency of operations when loading and unloading the TRUPACT-II on the trailer, placing a payload in the packaging, unloading the payload from the packaging, or performing maintenance, the U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Area Office (U.S. DOE/CAO) finds it necessary to implement the changes that follow. This TRUPACT-II maintenance document represents a change to previous philosophy regarding site specific procedures for the use of the TRUPACT-II. This document details the instructions to be followed to consistently operate and maintain the TRUPACT-II. The intent of these instructions is to ensure that all users of the TRUPACT-II follow the same or equivalent instructions. Users may achieve this intent by any of the following methods: (1) Utilizing these instructions as is, or (2) Attaching a site-specific cover page/letter to this document stating that these are the instructions to be used at their location, or (3) Sites may prepare their own document using the steps in this document word-for-word, in-sequence, including Notes and Cautions. Site specific information may be included as deemed necessary. Submit the document to WID National TRU Programs for approval. Any revision made subsequent to WID TRU Program's approval shall be reviewed and approved by WID TRU Programs. A copy of the approval letter from WID National TRU Programs should be available for audit purposes. Users shall develop site-specific procedures addressing leak testing, preoperational activities, quality assurance, hoisting and rigging, and radiation health physics to be used in conjunction with the instructions contained in this document. Users desiring to recommend changes to this document may submit their recommendations to the WID National TRU Programs for evaluation. If approved, the change(s) will be incorporated into this document for use by all TRUPACT-II users. User sites will be audited to this document to ensure compliance within one year from the effective date of this revision. This document discusses operating instructions, required inspections and maintenance for the following: TRUPACT-II packaging, and Miscellaneous packaging, special tools, and equipment. Packaging and payload handling equipment and transport trailers have been specifically designed for use with the TRUPACT-II Packaging. This document discusses the required instructions for use of the following equipment in conjunction with the TRUPACT-II Packaging: TRUPACT-II Mobile Loading Unit (MLU), Adjustable Center-of-Gravity Lift Fixture (ACGLF), and TRUPACT-II Transport Trailer. Attachment E contains the various TRUPACT-II packaging interface control drawings, leak-test and vent-port tool drawings, ACGLF drawings, and tie-down drawings that identify the various system components.

Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division

1999-12-31

464

Experimental Strategies for the Evaluation of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experimental designs address themselves to two concerns: providing answers to research questions and controlling variance. The latter involves threats to internal and external validity. The threat to internal validity constitutes the greatest difficulty because of maturation, history, experimental mortality, and differential selection. Examples of…

MacMillan, Thomas F.

465

Evaluation of the NJROTC Multimedia Instructional System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Navy Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps (NJROTC) provides high school students with academic training and military leadership experience. The academic portion of the program consists of a 4-year naval science curriculum that includes these subjects: naval history, sea power, maritime geography, navigation, citizenship, oceanography,…

Devin, Phillip D.; Robyn, Abby E.

466

Revitalizing chemistry laboratory instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation involves research in three major domains of chemical education as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Ph.D. program in chemistry at Miami University with a major emphasis on chemical education, and concurrent study in organic chemistry. Unit I, Development and Assessment of a Column Chromatography Laboratory Activity, addresses the domain of Instructional Materials Development and Testing. This unit outlines the process of developing a publishable laboratory activity, testing and revising that activity, and subsequently sharing that activity with the chemical education community. A laboratory activity focusing on the separation of methylene blue and sodium fluorescein was developed to demonstrate the effects of both the stationary and mobile phase in conducting a separation. Unit II, Bringing Industry to the Laboratory, addresses the domain of Curriculum Development and Testing. This unit outlines the development of the Chemistry of Copper Mining module, which is intended for use in high school or undergraduate college chemistry. The module uses the learning cycle approach to present the chemistry of the industrial processes of mining copper to the students. The module includes thirteen investigations (three of which are web-based and ten which are laboratory experiments) and an accompanying interactive CD-ROM, which provides an explanation of the chemistry used in copper mining with a virtual tour of an operational copper mine. Unit III, An Alternative Method of Teaching Chemistry. Integrating Lecture and the Laboratory, is a project that addresses the domain of Research in Student Learning. Fundamental Chemistry was taught at Eastern Arizona College as an integrated lecture/laboratory course that met in two-hour blocks on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. The students taking this integrated course were compared with students taking the traditional 1-hour lectures held on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, with accompanying 3-hour lab on Tuesday or Thursday. There were 119 students in the test group, 522 students in the Shelton control group and 556 students in the McBride control group. Both qualitative data and quantitative data were collected. A t-test was used to test significance.

McBride, Phil Blake

467

Illustrated medication instructions as a strategy to improve medication management among Latinos: a qualitative analysis.  

PubMed

Although illustrated medication instructions may improve medication management among vulnerable populations, little prior research has evaluated their use among Latinos. We conducted focus groups and interviews with Latino patients with diabetes at two safety net clinics in Tennessee to understand medication taking practices and perceptions of illustrated medication instructions. Patients reported confidence in being able to take medications, but demonstrated a lack of understanding of medication instructions. On further probing, they described several barriers to effective medication management rooted in poor communication. Patients expressed preference for illustrated medication instructions which could address several of the challenges raised by patients. PMID:22453163

Mohan, Arun V; Riley, M Brian; Boyington, Dane R; Kripalani, Sunil

2012-03-27

468

How Explicit and Implicit Test Instructions in an Implicit Learning Task Affect Performance  

PubMed Central

Typically developing children aged 5 to 8 years were exposed to artificial grammar learning. Following an implicit exposure phase, half of the participants received neutral instructions at test while the other half received instructions making a direct, explicit reference to the training phase. We first aimed to assess whether implicit learning operated in the two test conditions. We then evaluated the differential impact of age on learning performances as a function of test instructions. The results showed that performance did not vary as a function of age in the implicit instructions condition, while age effects emerged when explicit instructions were employed at test. However, performance was affected differently by age and the instructions given at test, depending on whether the implicit learning of short or long units was assessed. These results suggest that the claim that the implicit learning process is independent of age needs to be revised.

Witt, Arnaud; Puspitawati, Ira; Vinter, Annie

2013-01-01

469

Small Group Instruction for Students with Autism: General Case Training and Observational Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multiple-probe design across response chains and students was used to evaluate the combined instructional effects of progressive time delay, general case training, and observational learning on the food and drink preparation skills of three children with autism. All instruction was delivered in a group learning arrangement. The data suggested…

Tekin-Iftar, Elif; Birkan, Bunyamin

2010-01-01

470

Measuring the Behavioral Indicators of Instructional Consultation: A Preliminary Validity Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional Consultation is a school-based consultation model designed to enhance student and staff performance. An interview-based, self-report instrument, the Level of Implementation Scale was developed to measure the presence of behavioral indicators of the seven critical dimensions of Instructional Consultation. The current article evaluates

McKenna, Sonja A.; Rosenfield, Sylvia; Gravois, Todd A.

2009-01-01

471

A review of school-based instructional interventions for students with autism spectrum disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review evaluates school-based instructional research for students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Electronic database searches identified 45 studies (n=118 participants) published between 1995 and 2005. These studies were classified into five curricular areas: (a) academic skills, (b) communication skills, (c) functional life skills, (d) play, and (e) social skills. The results of the reviewed studies indicated effective instructional methods

Wendy Machalicek; Mark F. O’Reilly; Natasha Beretvas; Jeff Sigafoos; Guilio Lancioni; Audrey Sorrells; Russell Lang; Mandy Rispoli

2008-01-01

472

A case study of VAX-11 instruction set usage for compiler execution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analysis of an instruction set as large and varied as the one specified for the VAX-11 architecture is important for aiding processor design evaluation. This paper looks at dynamic VAX-11 instruction set usage by one class of programs, and discusses the methodology and tools which have been developed to provide that information. Six VAX\\/VMS native mode compilers from Digital Equipment

Cheryl A. Wiecek

1982-01-01

473

I. P. P. E. S. Master Objectives Bank. Social Studies Instructional Topic Catalog.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This catalog, from the Instructional Program, Planning, and Evaluation System (IPPES), is a compilation of objectives for social studies instructional topics for use in kindergarten through grade 6. Each item is coded with a ten digit numeral. The coding information includes subject matter major classification, the grade level at which an…

Jackson Union School District, MI.

474

Reading Success for All Students: Using Formative Assessment to Guide Instruction and Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This vital resource offers classroom teachers and literacy coaches practical assessments that can be used to evaluate key areas in students' reading performance. These assessments will provide information that can be directly used for planning instruction. Specific instructional techniques and activities are linked to each of the assessments so…

Gunning, Thomas G.

2011-01-01

475

Initiating Differentiated Instruction in General Education Classrooms with Inclusion Learning Support Students: A Multiple Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this multiple case study was to describe and evaluate the experience of 5 general education teachers from a northeastern urban middle school as they integrated differentiated instruction with students who have specific learning disabilities. Educators are challenged to implement instruction that engages students with specific…

Berbaum, K. A.

2009-01-01

476

How Can We Assess Computer-Assisted Reading and Writing Instruction?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the lack of evaluative resources for computer-assisted reading and writing instruction (CARWI). It begins by discussing the benefits, drawbacks, and effectiveness of computer-based instruction. It then describes types of CARWI packages, including: (1) writing process software; (2) electronic handbooks; (3) interactive…

Krauthamer, Helene

477

Teacher and Student Beliefs on Constructivist Instructional Design: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this research is to evaluate the effects of a constructivist instructional design on a group of students and their teacher. The sample consisted of 26 students and one teacher. The research was conducted at Istanbul Technical University, School of Foreign Languages, English Preparatory Program. The instructional design based on…

Altun, Sertel; Buyukduman, F. Ilke

2007-01-01

478

The Effectiveness of University Television Instruction and Factors Influencing Student Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study evaluated the effectiveness of TV v non-TV instruction and examined the effect of instructor visits to TV classes. Results indicated that student learning did not differ across instruction groups but that student attitudes were more favorable in the TV class that the instructor visited. (Author)

Hult, Richard E., Jr.

1980-01-01

479

Content-Based ESL Instruction: Long-Term Effects and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Content-based language instruction has become a widely adopted pedagogical approach to EAP. This paper reports the results of a study of the effects of content-based ESL instruction on students' future academic performance. The study used college academic records to evaluate the academic performance of two groups of ESL students who enrolled as…

Song, Bailin

2006-01-01

480

Designing Coherent Science Education: Implications for Curriculum, Instruction, and Policy. Technology, Education--Connections (TEC) Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This edited collection synthesizes current research on the most promising methods and models for designing coherent science instruction. Arising from the National Science Foundation-funded Delineating and Evaluating Coherent Instructional Designs for Education (DECIDE) project, this volume combines the insights of researchers from two Centers for…

Kali, Yael, Ed.; Linn, Marcia, Ed.; Roseman, Jo Ellen, Ed.

2008-01-01

481

Assessing the Effectiveness of Instruction in Business Ethics: A Longitudinal Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three classes of business ethics students evaluated 25 ethical scenarios. Instruction in business ethics appeared to enhance students' ability to identify the presence of ethical issues. Compared to previous research, this study clearly identified the goals of ethics instruction and replicated the results across several school terms. (SK)

Murphy, Paul R.; Boatright, John R.

1994-01-01

482

The efficacy of embedding special education instruction in teacher preparation programs in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effects of embedding special education instruction into preservice general education assessment courses. Participants were teacher candidates in the United States enrolled in a required evaluation and measurement course (n=208). A self-report survey was developed assessing knowledge of and attitudes toward teaching students with learning disabilities. Results indicated that embedded instruction significantly increased teacher candidate's knowledge of

Kimberlee S. Brown; Lesley A. Welsh; Kristin Haegele Hill; Joseph P. Cipko

2008-01-01

483

Avoiding the Struggle: Instruction That Supports Students' Motivation in Reading and Writing about Content Material  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We conducted a mixed methods study to evaluate motivation among 20 fourth-grade students who struggle with reading and writing prior to and after receiving either self-regulated strategy development (SRSD) instruction for expository reading comprehension or SRSD instruction for expository reading comprehension plus informative writing. We…

Mason, Linda H.; Meadan, Hedda; Hedin, Laura R.; Cramer, Anne Mong

2012-01-01

484

Avoiding the Struggle: Instruction That Supports Students' Motivation in Reading and Writing about Content Material  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We conducted a mixed methods study to evaluate motivation among 20 fourth-grade students who struggle with reading and writing prior to and after receiving either self-regulated strategy development (SRSD) instruction for expository reading comprehension or SRSD instruction for expository reading comprehension plus informative writing. We…

Mason, Linda H.; Meadan, Hedda; Hedin, Laura R.; Cramer, Anne Mong

2012-01-01

485

Instructional Strategies and Tactics for the Design of Introductory Computer Programming Courses in High School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the expert, spiral, and reading approaches to instructional strategies for introductory computer programming courses. Based on ACT (Adaptive Control of Thought) theory and relevant research, the differences between declarative and procedural instruction are identified, and six tactics used to design courses and evaluate strategies are…

Van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.; Krammer, Hein P. M.

1987-01-01

486

''The Choice Made from No Choice'': English Writing Instruction in a Chinese University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Approaches to writing instruction developed in North America have gradually made their presence felt in other parts of the world during recent years. A curricular evaluation of the local needs, instruction, assessments, teacher preparation, and other pedagogical factors is crucial for the successful transmission and integration of those…

You, Xiaoye

2004-01-01

487

A Design Study of a Multimedia Instructional Grammar Program with Embedded Tracking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a design study meant to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating three rather different theoretical perspectives for future efforts in multimedia instructional design. A multimedia instructional grammar program contextualized within the teaching of English as a Second Language (ESL) was developed and evaluated. The program design was…

Koehler, Natalya A.; Thompson, Ann D.; Phye, Gary D.

2011-01-01

488

Simulation and Community-Based Instruction of Vending Machines with Time Delay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study evaluated the use of simulated instruction on vending machine use as an adjunct to community-based instruction with two moderately retarded children. Results showed concurrent acquisition of the vending machine skills across trained and untrained sites. (Author/DB)

Browder, Diane M.; And Others

1988-01-01

489

Influence of brainstorming instructions and problem sequence on a creative problem solving test  

Microsoft Academic Search

The experiment was designed to study the effects on creative problem solving of instructions to express solutions without evaluation (brainstorming) and instructions which required only solutions of good quality and which involved a penalty for solutions of bad quality (nonbrainstorming). Each S [32 college students] was given two problems which required creative ability, in two testing periods.\\

Arnold Meadow; Sidney J. Parnes; Hayne Reese

1959-01-01

490

In-Depth Analysis of Handwriting Curriculum and Instruction in Four Kindergarten Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of handwriting curriculum and instructional practices in actual classrooms was investigated in an in-depth case study of four inner city kindergarten classrooms using quantitative and qualitative methods. The handwriting proficiency of students was also evaluated to assess the impact of the instructional practices observed. The…

Vander Hart, Nanho; Fitzpatrick, Paula; Cortesa, Cathryn

2010-01-01

491

Training Instructional Skills with Paraprofessional Service Providers at a Community-Based Habilitation Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study evaluates a training program with paraprofessional service providers at a community-based habilitation setting. Four staff were taught to implement alternative and augmentative communication instruction with an adult who had autism and mental retardation through a combination of instruction, demonstration, behavior rehearsal, and…

Wood, Amanda L.; Luiselli, James K.; Harchik, Alan E.

2007-01-01

492

An Evaluator Looks at Cultural Diversity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers cultural diversity in the evaluation of instructional programs and products. Suggests strategies for culturally sensitive evaluation, gives examples of cultural insensitivity and cultural bias, and provides a rating scale for multicultural sensitivity in instructional products. (LRW)|

Reeves, Thomas C.

1997-01-01

493

Sex differences in instructional dissent.  

PubMed

This study examined sex differences in students' expression of instructional dissent and the role that an instructor's sex plays in spurring this dissent. Participants were 446 undergraduate students (M age = 20.1 yr., SD = 2.8; 148 men, 290 women, 8 unreported) who completed the Instructional Dissent Scale (IDS) and provided demographic information. Results indicated small effects for student sex and instructor sex on IDS scores. Female students reported communicating more expressive dissent than male students, whereas male students reported communicating more rhetorical dissent and vengeful dissent than female students. Students also directed vengeful dissent more towards male instructors than female instructors. PMID:23045861

Goodboy, Alan K

2012-08-01

494

Targeted Instruction: On Target  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mary Rooney, an eighth-grade English and language arts teacher at the K-8 John Welsh School in Philadelphia, spotted a problem. On one of the recent "mini" tests the school administers every six weeks to help students prepare for the state assessments, her classes averaged scores in the 80s, but in evaluating the results, Rooney noticed there were…

Brown, Justine

2007-01-01

495

Classic Writings on Instructional Technology. Volume 2. Instructional Technology Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Selected for their influence on the field, their continued reference over the years, and the reputation of the authors, these 15 seminal papers are considered to be foundations in the field of instructional technology. Extending the purpose of the first volume to primary writings of the 70s, 80s, and early 90s, this work continues to document the…

Ely, Donald P.; Plomp, Tjeerd

496

Understanding Instructional Communication Needs of Nontraditional Students: Effective Instructional Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For years, instructional communication researchers have been advising teachers about the best classroom communication methods to achieve the greatest levels of student learning and motivation. However, traditional students (i.e., between the ages of 18 and 23) have consistently been the focus of this research. Given that over 43% of today's…

Houser, Marian L.

2004-01-01

497

Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS)--Mathematics, 1988-89.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS) Mathematics project is a teacher-developed mathematics curriculum for kindergarten through grade seven. The 1988-89 evaluation focused on (1) the operation and impact of the program in sample of five districts, chosen to provide diverse models of the computer management system, (2) the…

Guerrero, Frank; And Others

498

Composition Instruction and Cognitive Performance: Results of a Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a composition program, Composers in Public Schools (CiPS), on cognitive skills essential for academic success. The underlying hypothesis is that composition instruction will promote creative expression and increase performance on music-specific skills such as music reading, as well as…

Bugos, Jennifer; Jacobs, Edward

2012-01-01

499

Fault Tree Analysis: An emerging methodology for instructional science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fault Tree Analysis is a systematic approach to improving the probability of succes in any system. FTA was first developed as part of the U.S. Space Industry and was applied to such programs as the Minute Man Missile evaluations. Kent G. Stephens has successfully applied the technique to instructional and administrative programs, the latest program being the development of an

R. Kent Wood; Kent G. Stephens; Bruce O. Barker

1979-01-01

500

Effects of Coaching on Teacher Use of Sociocultural Instructional Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study evaluates a performance-based instructional coaching model intended to improve teacher pedagogy and classroom organization for educating diverse student populations. Elementary teachers (N = 21) participated in a 30-h workshop and seven individual coaching sessions across an academic year. The coaching model promoted use of the…

Teemant, Annela; Wink, Joan; Tyra, Serena

2011-01-01