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1

1984 Summer Instructional Television Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation was conducted of the Atlanta Public Schools Sunclasses program, which was designed to reinforce basic reading and mathematics skills of retained or administratively placed students in grades 1-4, through 10 instructional television programs aired during a 6-week period in the summer of 1984. Supplementary activities implemented to…

Hayes, LaMarian

2

Quality Evaluation Tool for Computer - and Web-Delivered Instruction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this effort was to develop an Instructional Quality Evaluation Tool to help instructional developers and instructional program managers quantitatively determine the quality of their instructional products, both during development and at p...

2005-01-01

3

Project Shine: Summer Home Instruction and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes Project SHINE (Summer Home Instruction and Evaluation), which trains parents to provide brief instructional sessions to their mildly handicapped children. Five parent-child teams were trained in the six program components: pretest, practice, test, track and chart, supplemental practice, and maintenance probes. (DB)

Barbetta, Patricia Marie; Heron, Timothy E.

1991-01-01

4

Evaluation of science instructional software  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the current science education software measures up to the national science literacy standards as specified by the AAAS. The usability of software was also assessed. A sample of ten widely used middle and high school science instruction CD-ROMs was chosen from a sampling frame comprising 17 bestsellers

Abha Shrivastava

2003-01-01

5

Outdoor Biology Instructional Strategies: Development and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the objectives of Outdoor Biology Instructional Strategies (OBIS), one aspect of the program (lawn communities) and the evaluation of this activity. Includes resultant recommendations. The evaluation criteria are suggested as a model to be used in either designing or in evaluating curricula. (BR)

Falk, John; And Others

1975-01-01

6

Evaluation of science instructional software  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the current science education software measures up to the national science literacy standards as specified by the AAAS. The usability of software was also assessed. A sample of ten widely used middle and high school science instruction CD-ROMs was chosen from a sampling frame comprising 17 bestsellers and 30 highly recommended software packages. The study used a five-step analysis and rating procedure derived closely from the one developed by the AAAS's Project 2061 for analyzing the content and pedagogy of widely used science textbooks. Each was also rated on a checklist of 20 usability criteria that were compiled from prior research on design, usability, and interactiveness of instructional software. The results indicate that an average of about 25% of a CD-ROM's content (which includes either text, graphics, or exercises, or a combination of any or all of these) addressed the AAAS benchmarks of science literacy, but anywhere from 12--45% of this content was found to address benchmarks for lower grades than those that the CD-ROM was claimed to target. Much of remaining content addressing the benchmarks did so only partially. Thus, overall, there was poor alignment with the benchmarks. The sample failed to meet pedagogical criteria associated with attending to students' pre-existing knowledge, ideas, and skills; assessing students' progress vis-a-vis the goals of the lesson on the CD-ROM; and promoting students' thinking and reflection about what they have learned. The CD-ROMs scored satisfactory to excellent on criteria associated with providing relevant and varied experiences with scientific phenomena and effective and meaningful representation of scientific terms and ideas. The sample scored satisfactorily on all usability criteria except on some design and interface matters. Popular CD-ROMs lack of alignment with the AAAS science standards may be due to laxness on the part of developers, a general lack of alignment in other resource materials (e.g., science textbooks), or to low budgets for development. Buyers of science education software (school district officials, teachers, parents, and students) will need to judiciously invest in this technology if they want it to facilitate the priorities set by AAAS for science learning.

Shrivastava, Abha

7

Student Evaluation of Mathematics Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine whether students' responses to the Ullman student evaluation of teaching, the Student Evaluation of Teaching (SET) instrument, were biased by their achievement. The instrument was administered to all 325 students taking a second course in calculus with economic applications, near the end of the course;…

Waits, Bert K.; Elbrink, Larry C.

8

Personalized Systems of Instruction: How Evaluate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Fred Keller's personalized system of instruction (PSI) has had a surprisingly rapid adoption in colleges and universities since its introduction in 1964, sound evaluation techniques for the method are still needed. Verbal reports are vague, while other methods that have been used are idiosyncratic and depend on the way the teacher…

Powers, Richard B.

9

Evaluating Alignment between Curriculum, Assessment, and Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors (a) discuss the importance of alignment for facilitating proper assessment and instruction, (b) describe the three most common methods for evaluating the alignment between state content standards and assessments, (c) discuss the relative strengths and limitations of these methods, and (d) discuss examples of applications of each…

Martone, Andrea; Sireci, Stephen G.

2009-01-01

10

Evaluation of distance education instruction: an evaluation case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In evaluating distance instruction, a good place to begin is with the assessment of student attitude toward the experience. This paper describes the results of an assessment of student attitudes in five areas (instruction, technical aspects, course management, membership, and course satisfaction) based on their experiences in an interactive television class. The focus of the paper is on attitude differences

Christine K. Sorensen

1996-01-01

11

Evaluating Instructional Development Projects: Guidance from the Literature on Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the premise that instructional development is a change process and the instructional developer is a change agent, this chapter begins by considering the literature of planned change as applied to the process of instructional development. It is argued that instructional product evaluation must include both formative and summative…

Durzo, Joseph J.; Florini, Barbara M.

12

Developing an evaluation tool for instructional software programs.  

PubMed

The use of instructional software is predominant in many nursing programs. The need for cost-effective, quality programs requires faculty to evaluate instructional software before its purchase and use. The purpose of this work was to develop a tool for evaluating instructional software programs. The tool was based on data from the literature, as well as input and feedback from nurse educators and multimedia specialists. The evaluation tool assists faculty to ensure proper evaluation and selection of instructional software. PMID:11111571

Brady Boyce BA; Winne, M D

2000-01-01

13

Formative Evaluation: A Model for Instructional Material Development and Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews formative evaluation and presents a model for instructional material development and revision. The model can be used for curriculum development efforts and is designed to be helpful in a variety of instructional efforts. (CT)

Sarapin, Marvin I.

1981-01-01

14

An evaluation of factors that influence children's instruction following.  

PubMed

Behavior that resembles instruction following might sometimes be under stimulus control of extraneous variables. We evaluated the effects of some of these variables (i.e., presence of relevant objects, associations between instructions and object sets) with 3 children with intellectual disabilities. In Experiment 1, we assessed whether subjects were more likely to follow instructions that required object manipulation and whether subjects were more likely to follow these instructions when only relevant objects were present. All subjects were more likely to follow instructions that required object manipulation when only relevant objects were present. In Experiment 2, we evaluated whether instruction following would be less likely if the same object set was associated with multiple instructions, and found this to be the case for 2 of 2 subjects. Findings highlight the need to train instruction following under different conditions to ensure that responding comes under stimulus control of the instructions. PMID:24127397

Sy, Jolene R; Donaldson, Jeanne M; Vollmer, Timothy R; Pizarro, Eliana

2014-01-01

15

Quality of Instruction Improved by Evaluation and Consultation of Instructors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One aim of student evaluation of instruction is the improvement of teaching quality, but there is little evidence that student assessment of instruction alone improves teaching. This study tried to improve the effects of evaluation by combining evaluation with individual counselling in an institutional development approach. Evaluation was…

Rindermann, Heiner; Kohler, Jurgen; Meisenberg, Gerhard

2007-01-01

16

Instructional Materials: Their Preparation and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gives detailed information on five types of job performance aids, three types of instruction sheets, and two types of modules. Presents a quality-control procedure for assessing the effectiveness and value of these instructional materials for training. (SK)

Campbell, Clifton P.

1999-01-01

17

The Development and Evaluation of Designing Instructional Programs Unit. Far West Series in Instructional Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing a history of the development and evaluation, this report discusses one set of training materials designed to increase knowledge and understanding of school personnel in the area of instructional planning and management. The unit goal is to assist school staff in making defensible choices in form and content of instructional programs by…

Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.

18

Evaluator's Guide for Microcomputer-Based Instructional Packages. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two instruments have been developed to aid teachers and other educators in evaluating educational software and courseware: the "Courseware Description" form and the "Courseware Evaluation" form. Complete instructions for using both forms are provided in this guide, along with the forms themselves. Prior to the instructions is an introductory…

International Council for Computers in Education, Eugene, OR.

19

34 CFR 300.302 - Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Educational Placements Evaluations and Reevaluations ...instructional purposes is not evaluation. The screening...instructional strategies for curriculum implementation shall not be considered to be an evaluation for eligibility...

2009-07-01

20

34 CFR 300.302 - Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Educational Placements Evaluations and Reevaluations ...instructional purposes is not evaluation. The screening...instructional strategies for curriculum implementation shall not be considered to be an evaluation for eligibility...

2010-07-01

21

Guidelines for Evaluating Computerized Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, prepared under the direction of the Instructional Affairs Committee of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), is designed to serve all educators interested in the instructional applications of computers. Its development has been marked by a continuous, conscious effort to address the needs of all educators irrespective…

Heck, William P.; And Others

22

An Approach to Colleague Evaluation of Classroom Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the literature on colleague evaluation of classroom teaching, discusses issues instructional developers need to be aware of when consulting with faculty on colleague visitation program design, and suggests practical guidelines for instituting such programs. (11 references) (MBR)

Sorcinelli, Mary Deane

1984-01-01

23

Individually Prescribed Instruction 1967-68, Evaluation Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) data collected for the school year 1967-68 is summarized and evaluated in this report. Information is included concerning pupil achievement, diversion factors, pupil attitudes, teacher attitudes, and classroom communication. (Author/SP)

Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.

24

Evaluating Instructional Technology Implementation in a Higher Education Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the literature on the evaluation of instructional technology and describes the evaluation of a campus-wide learning technology effort at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. This evaluation used multiple means over 3 years, including surveys of 7,140 students. Discusses insights from this project for future efforts to evaluate

Bullock, Cheryl; Ory, John

2000-01-01

25

Basic Measurement and Evaluation of Science Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to be used by preservice and in-service science teachers interested in assessing the outcomes of school science programs, this publication is aimed at helping teachers do a better job of developing tests and inventories specifically for their instructional programs and students. Material is presented in six chapters entitled: (1) Trends…

Doran, Rodney L.

26

Evaluation Techniques for Individualized Instruction: Development and Formative Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Steps used in the formative evaluation of a project designed to incorporate self-instructional materials in an introductory zoology course included techniques which: (1) involved colleagues in the material development; (2) assessed relevant student characteristics, expectations, and evaluations; and (3) were used in the examinations. (MBR)

Bedient, Douglas; And Others

1986-01-01

27

Evaluating Online Dialogue on “Security” Using a Novel Instructional Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: This paper explores evaluation strategies to gauge the impact of a novel instructional design on international community participation online. This is done by conceptualizing and devising indicators for measuring “engagement” online amongst marginalized adult communities worldwide. In doing so, a review of online evaluation literature is conducted. In comparing dialogue sessions based on an ongoing traditional model to the

Payal Arora

2008-01-01

28

Program Evaluation: Where Instruction and School Business Meet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about program evaluation, a strategy commonly used by instructional leaders that can help school business officials improve their budget process. As districts struggle to develop budgets in these challenging economic times, school business officials might consider turning to program evaluation for help. Program…

Ayers, Steven V.

2011-01-01

29

Norming of Student Evaluations of Instruction: Impact of Noninstructional Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student Evaluations of Instruction (SEIs) from about 6,000 sections over 4 years representing over 100,000 students at the college of business at a large public university are analyzed, to study the impact of noninstructional factors on student ratings. Administrative factors like semester, time of day, location, and instructor attributes like…

Nargundkar, Satish; Shrikhande, Milind

2014-01-01

30

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 105,192 surveys were sent out in (5,726) envelopes; 77,886 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 96%. The response rate for the survey was 74%. The…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2010

2010-01-01

31

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 105,475 surveys were sent out in 5,489 envelopes; 66,790 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 81.0%. The instructors' reports were provided to academic,…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2010

2010-01-01

32

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 123,461 surveys were sent out in 5,516 envelopes; 86,998 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 97.0%. The instructors' reports were provided to academic,…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2011

2011-01-01

33

Performance Evaluation of the Arabic Language Multimedia Instruction: "Malaysian Perspective"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Study evaluated the effectiveness of the Arabic language multimedia products existing in Malaysian markets. For the purpose of careful investigation, this research has applied blended models of the most trusted instructional design based on the field-tested theories of the most outspoken educational psychologists such as Mayer (2002), Keller…

Faryadi, Qais

2008-01-01

34

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 121,184 surveys were sent out in (5,346) envelopes; 78,310 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 96%. The response rate for the survey was 65%. The…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2011

2011-01-01

35

An Evaluation of Micro PLATO Fortran 77 Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated the use of computer assisted instruction in teaching Fortran 77 in the College of Engineering at Oregon State University. Also investigated the effect of such factors as mathematics and computer programming background on student performance in an introductory programming course sequence. (JN)

Funk, Kenneth; And Others

1986-01-01

36

Investigating Halo and Ceiling Effects in Student Evaluations of Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many measurement biases affect student evaluations of instruction (SEIs). However, two have been relatively understudied: halo effects and ceiling/floor effects. This study examined these effects in two ways. To examine the halo effect, using a videotaped lecture, we manipulated specific teacher behaviors to be "good" or "bad"…

Keeley, Jared W.; English, Taylor; Irons, Jessica; Henslee, Amber M.

2013-01-01

37

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 90,045 surveys were sent out in 4,433 envelopes; 54,174 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 60%. Instructors' reports were provided to academic, workforce deans…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2009

2009-01-01

38

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to part-time faculty and to some full- time faculty upon request. Because of the small number of the full-time faculty surveyed, their ratings were not included in the means in this report. However individual reports for the full-time faculty members were sent to the faculty through…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2004

2004-01-01

39

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 91,530 surveys were sent out in 4,980 envelopes; 58,604 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 64% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2008

2008-01-01

40

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 96,972 surveys were sent out in 5,153 envelopes; 56,440 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 58% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2007

2007-01-01

41

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 97,984 surveys were sent out in 4,917 envelopes; 57,978 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 59% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2005

2005-01-01

42

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 82,806 surveys were sent out in 4,830 envelopes; 52,464 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 63% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2008

2008-01-01

43

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 97,160 surveys were sent out in 5,320 envelopes; 60,206 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 84%. The Instructors' reports were provided to academic,…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2009

2009-01-01

44

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 95,279 surveys were sent out in 4,831 envelopes; 57,373 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 60% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2006

2006-01-01

45

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 96,255 surveys were sent out in 5,303 envelopes; 48,602 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 51% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2007

2007-01-01

46

Evaluation of Individualized Instruction in Educational Statistics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three research questions were addressed: Is there a positive relationship between student views on the evaluation procedures being fair, and other variables, e.g., sex, achievement, and self-concept. Is there a positive relationship between student views ...

R. A. Karabinus S. E. Nord

1977-01-01

47

Instructional Evaluation Techniques: Ends Dictate the Means.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses two separate studies undertaken in the same academic department to ascertain consistency in student evaluation ratings. Each study used Frey's Endeavor Instrument, a 7-item form that is specifically designed to solicit student input for administrative decision making, and the Southern Illinois University Instructor & Course…

Shrock, Sharon A.; And Others

48

Evaluating University Teaching: Instructions for Departmental Chairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approaches to faculty evaluation to assist departmental chairs who have no formal background in personnel administration are discussed. Stages in the development and maintenance of performance appraisals for instructors are considered, including a written position guide, a performance planning conference, a performance appraisal procedure, a…

Oliver, Ronald L.

49

Evaluating Workplace ESL Instructional Programs. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the increase in workplace English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) literacy education programs, there is a need to assess whether the attention given to improving basic skills and English language proficiency has made a change in the participant and in the workplace. Such evaluations often use both qualitative and quantitative measures of program…

Burt, Miriam; Saccomano, Mark

50

Evaluating the effectiveness of case method instruction in technical communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The effectiveness of the case method as an instructional technique in improving technical writing was evaluated. The development of a self-report instrument that attempts to measure changes in attitude toward technical communication and the presentation results change are the purpose of this paper. Standards for developing a case set forth by Goldstein and Couture, were used to design an evaluation instrument to measure the effect instruction on student attitude toward technical communication. This self-report instrument is based on model developed and tested by Daly and Miller who studied writer attitude and apprehension toward writing. It was the most important objective of any evaluation is to provide information for improving the program.

Feinberg, S. G.

1981-01-01

51

Overview of the Visual Arts Curriculum, and Its Relationship with Evaluation and Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation and instruction play very important roles in curriculum implementation. As a result, the two concepts are often enshrined in the curriculum document. This article therefore examined the Visual Arts curriculum and its relationship with evaluation and instruction. Furthermore, the roles of Evaluation and Instruction in curriculum planning…

Imonikebe, Manasseh Emamoke

2013-01-01

52

An evaluation of statistical software for research and instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of microcomputer statistics packages were evaluated. The packages were compared on a number of dimensions, including\\u000a error handling, documentation, statistical capability, and accuracy. Results indicated that there are some very good packages\\u000a available both for instruction and for analyzing research data. In general, the microcomputer packages were easier to learn\\u000a and to use than were mainframe packages. Furthermore,

Darrell L. Butler; Douglas B. Eamon

1985-01-01

53

Computer-Assisted Instruction in the Context of the Advanced Instructional System. Part II. Materials Development Procedures and System Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report details the second of a two part project to design, develop, implement, and evaluate an authoring system which would provide a basis for the cost effective production of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) materials. It addresses the definitio...

W. E. Lewis D. E. Lovelace R. W. Mahany W. A. Judd

1980-01-01

54

Final Report on the Evaluation of the NSF's Instructional Materials Development Program  

NSF Publications Database

... of the Evaluation of the Instructional Materials Development Program (PDF, 412 kb) Chapter I ... kb) Appendix 2: Instrument for Evaluating Materials (PDF, 935 kb) Appendix 3: Classroom Observation ...

55

Improving the Quality and Effectiveness of Computer-Mediated Instruction Through Usability Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brigham Young University's Center for Instructional Design (CID) creates online courses and multimedia instructional applications for university faculty. This paper asserts that including usability testing as a part of evaluation improves the quality and effectiveness of computer-mediated instruction. The paper describes the fundamental purpose…

Crowther, Michael S.; Keller, Chris C.; Waddoups, Gregory L.

2004-01-01

56

Evaluating Methods for Evaluating Instruction: The Case of Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops an original measure of learning in higher education, based on grades in subsequent courses. Using this measure of learning, this paper shows that student evaluations are positively related to current grades but unrelated to learning once current grades are controlled. It offers evidence that the weak relationship between learning and student evaluations arises, in part, because students

Bruce A. Weinberg; Belton M. Fleisher; Masanori Hashimoto

2007-01-01

57

Field Evaluation of a Mini Learning Resource Aided Instruction System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Very little work has been done in the broad field of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) to exploring the use of a minicomputer as another learning resource in the instructional process. Accordingly a cost-effective Learning Resource Aided Instruction (LRAI) System centered around a Data General NOVA minicomputer augmented with slide…

Attala, Emile E.; Howard, James A.

58

Assessment as an Instrument to Evaluate Quality of Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose that the assessment of instruction include cognitive competence levels, based on Bloom's taxonomy. Quality control must include the entire instructional process, including assessment. We briefly describe how we organize our instructional process around a student-centered, problem-based learning approach, which allows students to reach the application- oriented competence levels asked for in the exams. The results of exams are

Lukas Faessler; Hans Hinterberger; Laura Bosia; Markus Dahinden

2005-01-01

59

Evaluating Preschool Children's Preferences for Motivational Systems during Instruction  

PubMed Central

Preschool teachers rely on several strategies for motivating children to participate in learning activities. In the current study, we evaluated the effectiveness of and preference for three teaching contexts in which embedded, sequential, or no programmed reinforcement was arranged. The embedded context included highly preferred teaching materials, the sequential context included highly preferred edible items for correct responding, and a control context included neither. In addition, an exclusively play-oriented activity was included as a fourth option to determine if one of the direct teaching contexts could compete with a relatively unstructured and exclusively child-led activity. All participants preferred the sequential context (use of high-quality consequences) over the embedded context (use of high-quality teaching materials), 2 of the 4 participants preferred some motivational system to none at all, and the play area was selected over all variants of the instructional contexts during the majority of trials. We found either no or small differences in correct responding in the different instructional contexts; however, rates of undesirable behavior were highest in the least preferred interaction area for 3 of the 4 participants. Implications for the design of effective and preferred teaching environments for young children are discussed.

Heal, Nicole A; Hanley, Gregory P

2007-01-01

60

An Evaluation of Computer-Based Instruction in Microbiology  

PubMed Central

There has been a tremendous increase in the availability of computer-based instructional (CBI) materials. Some studies have shown an improvement in learning when CBI is used. However, many researchers believe the current studies are inadequate. While CBI software should be thoroughly tested by developers, as educators, we should be concerned about whether or not the CBI materials we use are improving learning in our classrooms with our students. We present an evaluation of a computer-based hypermedia tutorial that was delivered over our General Microbiology website. We found that CBI was at least as effective as text-based material. However, of all students who used CBI, only those who explored most of the site benefited from using the site. Tracking each student’s use of the CBI was critical for understanding who was learning and why.

MERKEL, SUSAN M.; WALMAN, LAURA B.; LEVENTHAL, JEREMY S.

2000-01-01

61

Programmed Instruction Manual for a New Solar and Energy Conservation Laboratory. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A programmed instruction course was developed, consisting of fifteen experiments encompassing eleven separate pieces of equipment operational in a solar and energy conservation lab. The programmed instruction manual for the lab was evaluated and revised during a workshop. This evaluation indicated that both the lab and manual are valuable tools…

State Univ. of New York, Farmingdale. Agricultural and Technical Coll.

62

Student Evaluation of Instruction in Higher Education: Exploring Issues of Validity and Reliability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many personnel committees at colleges and universities in the USA use student evaluation of faculty instruction to make decisions regarding tenure, promotion, merit pay or faculty professional development. This study examines the construct validity and internal consistency reliability of the student evaluation of instruction (SEI) used at a large…

Zhao, Jing; Gallant, Dorinda J.

2012-01-01

63

An evaluation of speculative instruction execution on simultaneous multithreaded processors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern superscalar processors rely heavily on speculative execution for performance. For example, our measurements show that on a 6-issue superscalar, 93% of committed instructions for SPECINT95 are speculative. Without speculation, processor resources on such machines would be largely idle. In contrast to superscalars, simultaneous multithreaded (SMT) processors achieve high resource utilization by issuing instructions from multiple threads every cycle. An

Steven Swanson; Luke K. McDowell; Michael M. Swift; Susan J. Eggers; Henry M. Levy

2003-01-01

64

Direct and Activating Instruction: Evaluation of a Preservice Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the implementation effects of a preservice course on direct and activating instruction conducted at three different teacher education colleges in The Netherlands. Findings for 57 student teachers and 18 comparisons for whom there were complete data show a significant treatment effect for the use of direct and activating instructional

Veenman, Simon; Denessen, Eddie; van den Oord, Ingrid; Naafs, Ferdy

2003-01-01

65

Using Anchored Instruction to Evaluate Mathematical Growth and Understanding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anchored instruction is designed to present problems in a meaningful context to allow for investigations into real life environments. The Jasper Project was created to allow students to investigate mathematical dilemmas using anchored instruction techniques. This study uses case study methods to examine the perceptions that preservice teachers…

Kurz, Terri L.; Batarelo, Ivana

2005-01-01

66

An Analysis and Evaluation of Online Instructional Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key factor in successful teacher education is designing activities that promote attainment of instructional objectives. However, in online teacher education there is little evidence regarding the types of activities that can be used to achieve specific objectives and variation from class to class while providing effective instruction. This study…

Knapczyk, Dennis R.; Hew, Khe Foon

2007-01-01

67

A Comparison of Microcomputer-Based, Computer Managed Instruction (CMI) Software Programs (with an Evaluation Form).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses design and evaluation issues relating to computer managed instruction (CMI). Major functions described include establishing identification database, processing performance data, report formulation, and utility functions. Evaluation issues discussed include customized versus generic CMI, user-friendliness, documentation, data entry…

Gorth, William Phillip; Nassif, Paula M.

1984-01-01

68

An Evaluation of Computer-Aided Instruction in an Introductory Biostatistics Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates the effectiveness of computer assisted instruction for teaching biostatistics to first year students at the UCLA School of Dentistry. Results do not demonstrate the superiority of CAI but do suggest that CAI compares favorably to conventional lecture and programed instruction methods. (RAO)

Forsythe, Alan B.; Freed, James R.

1979-01-01

69

Guide to the Development and Evaluation of Community-Based Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book chapter provides a checklist of various considerations related to the development and evaluation of community-based instruction for children with disabilities. The checklist is designed to serve as an organizational framework for persons wishing to make systematic decisions regarding the establishment of a community-based instructional

Baine, David

70

Evaluating and Advancing the Effective Teaching of Special Educators with a Dynamic Instructional Practices Portfolio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe the concept of a dynamic instructional practices portfolio to evaluate special education teachers. This portfolio features the My Instructional Learning Opportunities Guidance System (MyiLOGS) as the core component. MyiLOGS is an online, daily self-report measure of opportunity to learn (OTL) that provides detailed information on…

Elliott, Stephen N.; Roach, Andrew T.; Kurz, Alexander

2014-01-01

71

Combining Student Teams and Individualized Instruction in Mathematics: An Extended Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the achievement effects of the Team-Assisted Individualization (TAI) mathematics program over a 24-week period. Involved were 1,317 students in grades 3, 4, and 5, with 700 students in 31 classes receiving TAI instruction and a control group of 617 students in 30 classes receiving other mathematics instruction on the same…

Slavin, Robert E.; And Others

72

Report to Congress: Evaluation of Instructional Classes in Personal Financial Management for Consumer Bankruptcy Debtors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the design, procedures, and findings of an evaluation of three instructional courses in personal financial management for consumer bankruptcy debtors. This report presents research findings regarding the effectiveness of the curriculu...

2008-01-01

73

Implementing a Completely Web-based Nursing Research Course: Instructional Design, Process, and Evaluation Considerations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a master's-level nursing research course taught entirely online, including instructional design considerations (faculty commitments, technical issues, library resources, intellectual property), process (student expectations, participation), and evaluation design. (SK)

Wills, Celia E.; Stommel, Manfred; Simmons, Michael

2001-01-01

74

An evaluation of programmed treatment-integrity errors during discrete-trial instruction.  

PubMed

This study evaluated the effects of programmed treatment-integrity errors on skill acquisition for children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during discrete-trial instruction (DTI). In Study 1, we identified common treatment-integrity errors that occur during academic instruction in schools. In Study 2, we simultaneously manipulated 3 integrity errors during DTI. In Study 3, we evaluated the effects of each of the 3 integrity errors separately on skill acquisition during DTI. Results showed that participants either demonstrated slower skill acquisition or did not acquire the target skills when instruction included treatment-integrity errors. PMID:24114154

Carroll, Regina A; Kodak, Tiffany; Fisher, Wayne W

2013-01-01

75

Using Web Server Logs in Evaluating Instructional Web Sites.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web server logs contain a great deal of information about who uses a Web site and how they use it. This article discusses the analysis of Web logs for instructional Web sites; reviews the data stored in most Web server logs; demonstrates what further information can be gleaned from the logs; and discusses analyzing that information for the…

Ingram, Albert L.

2000-01-01

76

Preschoolers' Compliance with Simple Instructions: A Descriptive and Experimental Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Compliance" is often used to describe a situation in which a child completes instructions from adults, and low levels of compliance are a common teacher concern. We conducted a descriptive assessment that showed that compliance was relatively stable for individual children, variable across children, and positively correlated with age. The impact…

Stephenson, Kasey M.; Hanley, Gregory P.

2010-01-01

77

Evaluation of a Personalized Instruction System in General Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a general chemistry autoinstructional system, without formal lectures, supplemented by tutorial assistance from paid undergraduate chemistry majors. Although examination results indicated that the Personalized Instruction System (PSI) students performed on the same level as the lecture section students, the PSI students felt they learned…

Vandenbroucke, A. C., Jr.

1975-01-01

78

Effects of Instruction in Methodological Reasoning on Information Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an instructional program focusing on the application of causal reasoning and related principles of the scientific method to problems that occur in daily life. Reports the results of a capstone exercise that investigated the changes in students' beliefs towards legalization of marijuana after reading persuasive communications. (CMK)

Leshowitz, Barry; DiCerbo, Kristen Eignor; Okun, Morris A.

2002-01-01

79

Evaluation of Self-Paced Instructional Materials in Pharmaceutics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The instructional effectiveness of two different presentation methods (lecture and self-paced or modularized) was examined using two groups of pharmacy students. Little or no difference was found in this study of junior and senior students at Oregon State University. (LBH)

Ayres, James W.; And Others

1977-01-01

80

ASU Modeling Instruction Program: Research and Evaluation Instruments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains information and results about the Arizona State University Modeling Instruction Program and three assessment tools for physics and science. These assessment tools are the Force Concept Inventory, the Mechanics Baseline Test, and the Views About Sciences Survey. Articles describing results of the assessments are also included.

Halloun, Ibrahim; Hestenes, David

2004-07-11

81

If Teaching is Important...The Evaluation of Instruction in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined is the critical issue of the quality of teaching and learning in postsecondary education. Written by nine experts in the evaluation of instruction, the book asks the questions: Should university teachers be evaluated?; If so, with what goals in mind and by what methods should they be judged?; What are the effects of teacher evaluation on…

Knapper, Christopher K., Ed.; And Others

82

Standards for Evaluation of Instructional Materials with Respect to Social Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this document is to provide reasonable, systematic standards for evaluation of instructional materials upon which evaluators may base their judgments, so that the results of the evaluation process will be as nearly consistent and therefore, as equitable, as possible. The guidelines are based on the social content requirements of the…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Curriculum Framework and Instructional Materials Unit.

83

The Design and Development of an Evaluation System for Online Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the conceptualization and development of an evaluation system that can be used to monitor and evaluate online instructional efforts. The evaluation system addresses concerns of both program administrators and course instructors. Computer technology is used to provide partial automation to reduce respondent burden and to…

Wentling, Tim L.; Johnson, Scott D.

84

Comparison of Online and Classroom-Based Student Evaluations of Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, colleges have been moving from traditional, classroom-based student evaluations of instruction to online evaluations. Because of the importance of these evaluations in decisions regarding retention, promotion and tenure, instructors are justifiably concerned about how this trend might affect their ratings. We recruited faculty…

Stowell, Jeffrey R.; Addison, William E.; Smith, Jennifer L.

2012-01-01

85

A Rationale and Plan for the Evaluation of the Individually Prescribed Instruction Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation of an educational innovation can serve as an aid in the development of the innovation, and it can provide a basis for making judgments with respect to it. This report discusses the Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) program and its approach to evaluation. IPI evaluation activities are carried out in six areas: the program…

Lindvall, C. M.; Cox, Richard C.

86

Item Difficulty in the Evaluation of Computer-Based Instruction: An Example from Neuroanatomy  

PubMed Central

This article reports large item effects in a study of computer-based learning of neuroanatomy. Outcome measures of the efficiency of learning, transfer of learning, and generalization of knowledge diverged by a wide margin across test items, with certain sets of items emerging as particularly difficult to master. In addition, the outcomes of comparisons between instructional methods changed with the difficulty of the items to be learned. More challenging items better differentiated between instructional methods. This set of results is important for two reasons. First, it suggests that instruction may be more efficient if sets of consistently difficult items are the targets of instructional methods particularly suited to them. Second, there is wide variation in the published literature regarding the outcomes of empirical evaluations of computer-based instruction. As a consequence, many questions arise as to the factors that may affect such evaluations. The present paper demonstrates that the level of challenge in the material that is presented to learners is an important factor to consider in the evaluation of a computer-based instructional system.

Chariker, Julia H.; Naaz, Farah; Pani, John R.

2012-01-01

87

Designing, Producing, and Evaluating an Instructional Telecourse: A Model for Involving the Adult Learner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a model for planning, producing, and evaluating instructional television for the adult learner, which involves the interaction of faculty, television professionals, and students in the curricular content planning and the development of television scripts. A method of formative evaluation using student input is also presented, and results…

Baba, Marietta Lynn; And Others

1980-01-01

88

Evaluator's Guide for Microcomputer-Based Instructional Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide developed by MicroSIFT, a clearinghouse for microcomputer-based educational software and courseware, provides background information and forms to aid teachers and other educators in evaluating available microcomputer courseware. The evaluation process comprises four stages: (1) sifting, which screens out those programs that are not…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

89

Criteria for Evaluation of Community College Instructional Deans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impetus for the development of criteria for the evaluation of academic deans should come from an interest in improved administrative performance rather than from political motivations. Merging faculty expectations with the criteria identified in the literature results in four areas in which deans should be evaluated: (1) knowledge of laws and…

Harada, Myra

90

A Preliminary Evaluation of Instructional Effectiveness of Online Training Implemented at a Government Agency in Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online training has become popular in the professional development of government employees in Thailand. One large government agency developed an online program to provide training to its employees across the country using two systems: an Internet and Intranet-based system. With the new program implemented, the evaluation of the instructional

Supanakorn-Davila, Supawan; Bolliger, Doris U.

2012-01-01

91

An Evaluation of the Influence of Case Method Instruction on the Reflective Thinking of MSW Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work practice requires that graduates be prepared to deal with complex, multifaceted problems which cannot be defined completely, do not have absolute, correct answers and can be approached from multiple perspectives. This study evaluated the influence of case-based instruction on MSW students' reflective judgment, an aspect of critical…

Milner, Marleen

2009-01-01

92

Preschool Reading Instruction: A Literature Search, Evaluation, and Interpretation. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, Vol. II of three interpretive manuscripts, presents Information For The Teacher, a review of literature on preschool reading instruction, along with suggestions and materials for teaching preschool reading. A skills checklist is provided and the educational television program, Sesame Street, is evaluated, since the effectiveness of…

Blanton, William E.

93

Evaluating and Improving Student Writing and Writing Instruction: A Systematic Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed to assist schools or school systems in analyzing and evaluating student writing, writing instruction, and the writing program. The basic assumption is that improving the writing program needs to be a school-wide effort coordinated across K-12 grade levels, not an individual or isolated effort. After an overview and advice…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Accountability Services/Research.

94

Modeling and Evaluating the Scalability of Instruction Fetching in Superscalar Processors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scalability is important in superscalar processors design. A superscalar processor is said to be linearly scalable if with linear increase in load or demand, performance remains constant relative to linear increase in resources. In this paper, for evaluating the instruction fetching scalability, an analytical model of a superscalar processor is proposed by defining the fetch unit as the \\

Mojtaba Shakeri; Abolfazl Toroghi Haghighat; Mohammad K. Akbari

2007-01-01

95

Instructional Supervision: A Descriptive Study Focusing on the Observation and Evaluation of Teachers in Cyberschools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1996, K-12 schools are increasingly moving from a traditional, face-to-face educational environment to an online learning environment utilizing technologies to deliver instruction primarily via the Internet. As this trend continues, administrators familiar with traditional supervisory methods will observe and evaluate teachers of online…

Farley, Gregory Charles

2010-01-01

96

Evaluation of a Text Compression Algorithm Against Computer-Aided Instruction (CAI) Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the initial evaluation of a text compression algorithm against computer assisted instruction (CAI) material. A review of some concepts related to statistical text compression is followed by a detailed description of a practical text compression algorithm. A simulation of the algorithm was programed and used to obtain…

Knight, Joseph M., Jr.

97

Evaluation of the Williamsburg County Direct Instruction Program: Factors Leading to Success in Rural Elementary Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of several evaluation studies designed to examine the impact the Direct Instruction Model had on selected students in Williamsburg County, South Carolina. Over 600 students participated during a 7-year period. Because Williamsburg County is an isolated rural county, this school improvement project has relevance to school improvement efforts in other rural communities. The performance of

CRAIG DARCH; RUSSELL GERSTEN; ROBERT TAYLOR

1987-01-01

98

A Moderate Constructivist E-Learning Instructional Model Evaluated on Computer Specialists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a novel instructional model for e-learning and an evaluation study to determine the effectiveness of this model for teaching Java language programming to information technology specialists working for the Spanish Public Administration. This is a general-purpose model that combines objectivist and constructivist learning…

Alonso, Fernando; Manrique, Daniel; Vines, Jose M.

2009-01-01

99

Evaluation Types in Instructional Development: Beyond the Formative-Summative Distinction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the context of instructional development projects, situations arise in which evaluations are required that are neither formative nor summative in role. Typical responses to such situations are to stretch the meaning of one or the other of the terms int...

E. R. Misanchuk

1978-01-01

100

A Pre and Post Test Evaluation of the English 3--Library Instruction Program at UCLA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pre- and posttests were administered to approximately one-third of the students (241) who participated in the University of California at Los Angeles' (UCLA) English 3--Library Instruction Program. The program's effect on the students' library related behavior was evaluated, and changes in library usage, attitudes toward libraries and librarians,…

Kaplowitz, Joan

101

Implementing Instructional Program Review: A Mini-Accreditation Approach to Self-Evaluation in Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines are presented for implementing the self-evaluation model for instructional programs developed at American River College (ARC). After stating the reasons for conducting program reviews, the paper describes ARC's model, which uses a mini-accreditation approach to assess the extent of goal attainment within a broad category of activities…

Rasor, Richard A.; And Others

102

Learner-Centered Instruction (LCI): Volume 7. Evaluation of the LCI Approach. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of the learner-centered instruction (LCI) approach to training was conducted by comparing the LCI F-111A weapons control systems mechanic/technician course with the conventional Air Force course for the same Air Force specialty code (AFSC) on the following dimensions; job performance of course graduates, man-hour and dollar costs of…

Pieper, William J.; And Others

103

Prior Subject Interest, Students' Evaluations, and Instructional Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior Subject Interest (PSI) predicted student ratings of teaching effectiveness better than any of 15 other student/course/instructor characteristics considered. Instructor self-evaluations of their own teaching effectiveness were also positively correlated with PSI. (Author/RL)

Marsh, Herbert W.; Cooper, Terri L.

1981-01-01

104

External Evaluation of Determining Instructional Purposes Training Units. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The training package evaluated in this report was developed to train school administrators and graduate students in educational administration in school program planning skills. The package consists of a coordinator handbook and units on setting goals, analyzing problems and deriving objectives. Each unit is composed of four-to-six modules that…

Instructional Technology Consultants, Scottsdale, AZ.

105

North Carolina Adult Basic Education Instructional Program Evaluation, 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of adult basic education (ABE) programs was conducted in North Carolina, using a case study approach. Research was done by six teams that collected information from taped interviews with participants in six programs chosen to represent rural and urban areas and various demographic and racial mixes of students. Materials and records…

Fingeret, Arlene; And Others

106

Enhancing Instructional Programs through Evaluation: Translating Theory Into Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States that, with limited budgets and taxpayers becoming more results oriented, institutions of higher education must develop evaluation processes to ensure that programs are meeting the needs of stakeholders. Describes one such process at Fox Valley Technical College (Wisconsin) that includes: (1) selection of programs; (2) preliminary…

Perry, Janet C.

2001-01-01

107

A Second Year Evaluation of Individualized Prescribed Instruction (IPI).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluation report of IPI in its second year concentrates on three main points: student attitudes towards IPI, teacher and student classroom activity and interaction, and student achievement during the school year. An account of overall impressions concludes the report which does not attempt to formalize any conclusions. It stresses, however,…

Bailek, Hilton M.; Castro, Barbra

108

Evidence of Halo Effects in Student Evaluations of Communication Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that the halo effect is a construct reserved to explain individual rater's failure to discriminate among conceptually distinct aspects of a stimulus person's behavior. Examines instructor evaluations completed by 128 students from three communication courses. Finds significant inter-correlations among five measures indicating the presence of…

Feeley, Thomas Hugh

2002-01-01

109

Videotaped versus live instruction in demonstrating evaluation skills to occupational therapy students.  

PubMed

This study compared the effectiveness of videotaped and live instruction in demonstrating a developmental evaluation to occupational therapy students. Twenty-three students were randomly assigned to either the videotape or the live instruction group. While the videotape group watched a 25-minute commercially available videotape demonstrating the Milani-Comparetti Motor Development Screening Test, the live group received the same information from an instructor. A written examination that assessed student knowledge of the purpose and procedures of the evaluation tool served as the pretest and posttest. After the posttest, the students were asked to answer questions regarding their learning experience. Results indicated no difference in test scores between the two groups. Although both groups rated the learning experience as good, all students stated a preference for live over videotaped instruction because of the opportunity to ask questions and interact with the instructor. These findings suggest that although videotaped instruction may be an effective teaching method, there may be ways to enhance student satisfaction with its use. PMID:2750862

Bazyk, S; Jeziorowski, J

1989-07-01

110

The Value of Modularity in Instructional Design: Implications for Improved Validity in the Evaluation of New Techniques in Distance Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the development of distance learning, advances in cognitive science merge with new technology to deliver instruction worldwide. However, one major difficulty in evaluating the efficacy of these tools is determining which elements of instruction truly lead to observed changes in student performance. As content, pedagogical methods, and media are…

Yates, Kenneth A.; Feldon, David F.

2004-01-01

111

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Computer Assisted Instructional Program in Basic Literacy Skills in a County Jail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluation of the effectiveness of a computer assisted instructional program in basic literacy skills for inmates in a county jail covers the first year of the program. Instructional materials used were developed by Control Data Corporation for use on the PLATO system, and consisted of lessons in vocabulary, reading, spelling, arithmetic…

Diem, Richard A.; Fairweather, Peter G.

112

The Impact of Eyewitness Expert Evidence and Judicial Instruction on Juror Ability to Evaluate Eyewitness Testimony  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been argued that psychologists should provide expert evidence to help jurors discriminate between accurate and inaccurate\\u000a eyewitness identifications. In this article we compare the effects of judicial instruction with expert evidence that is either\\u000a congruent or incongruent with the ground truth, focusing on juror ability to evaluate “real” eyewitness evidence. In contrast\\u000a to studies which have employed “fictional”

Kristy A. Martire; Richard I. Kemp

2009-01-01

113

Performance Evaluation in Bibliographic Instruction Workshop Courses: Assessing What Students Do as a Measure of What They Know.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the bibliographic instruction program taught at S.U.N.Y. Stonybrook, which comprises four courses that utilize a self-paced workbook, workshops, and performance evaluation. A sample lesson is included. (17 notes) (LAE)

Feinberg, Richard; King, Christine

1992-01-01

114

An Evaluation of Computer-Based Programmed Instruction for Promoting Teachers' Greetings of Parents by Name  

PubMed Central

Although greeting parents by name facilitates subsequent parent–teacher communication, baseline measures revealed that 4 preschool teachers never or rarely greeted parents by name during morning check-in. To promote frequent and accurate use of parents' names by teachers, the effects of a fully automated computerized assessment and programmed instruction (CAPI) intervention were evaluated in a multiple baseline design. The CAPI intervention involved assessment and training of relations among parents' and children's pictures and names, and produced rapid learning of parent names. The CAPI intervention also resulted in substantial improvements in the classroom use of parents' names for 3 of the 4 teachers; however, a supervisor-mediated feedback package (consisting of instructions, differential reinforcement, and error correction) was necessary to maintain name use for 2 of those teachers. The practical strengths and limitations of computer-based teacher training are discussed.

Ingvarsson, Einar T; Hanley, Gregory P

2006-01-01

115

Instructional Effectiveness and Instructional Efficiency as Considerations for Data-Based Decision Making: An Evaluation of Interpersing Procedures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study investigated the extent to which considering instructional time and student learning rate affects academic treatment decisions. Five second-grade students with difficulties in spelling were exposed to three spelling interventions (traditional drill and practice, interspersal training, and high-p sequencing). Using an alternating…

Cates, Gary L.; Skinner, Christopher H.; Watson, T. Steuart; Meadows, Tawnya J.; Weaver, Adam; Jac, Bertha

2003-01-01

116

Measuring Spontaneous and Instructed Evaluation Processes during Web Search: Integrating Concurrent Thinking-Aloud Protocols and Eye-Tracking Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web searching for complex information requires to appropriately evaluating diverse sources of information. Information science studies identified different criteria applied by searchers to evaluate Web information. However, the explicit evaluation instructions used in these studies might have resulted in a distortion of spontaneous evaluation

Gerjets, Peter; Kammerer, Yvonne; Werner, Benita

2011-01-01

117

Evaluation of Learning Styles and Instructional Methods in the NROTC Naval Operations and Seamanship Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

To illustrate the effectiveness of instructional methods that support learning style preferences, Felder (1995) investigated 123 chemical engineering students who took five successive courses with the researcher. The purpose of Felder's study was to examine the performance of an experimental group who received novel instructional methods and a comparison group who received the traditional instructional methods. Instructional methods used included

Jennifer Bell

2007-01-01

118

The impact of eyewitness expert evidence and judicial instruction on juror ability to evaluate eyewitness testimony.  

PubMed

It has been argued that psychologists should provide expert evidence to help jurors discriminate between accurate and inaccurate eyewitness identifications. In this article we compare the effects of judicial instruction with expert evidence that is either congruent or incongruent with the ground truth, focusing on juror ability to evaluate "real" eyewitness evidence. In contrast to studies which have employed "fictional" eyewitness designs, we found no appreciable effect of either congruent or incongruent expert evidence on participant-juror sensitivity to eyewitness accuracy. We discuss the role of methodology on the inferences and conclusions that can be made regarding the impact of eyewitness expert evidence. PMID:18597165

Martire, Kristy A; Kemp, Richard I

2009-06-01

119

An evaluation of the use of microcomputer-based laboratory instruction on middle school students' concept attainment and attitudes towards computer-based instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advent of instructional technology has become an integral part of the learning process, thought by many to be a vital component in the reform of science instruction. Microcomputer-Based Laboratory (MBL) is an instructional technology environment in which a computer is connected through its Universal Serial Box (USB) port or an interface (for older models) with sensors to control the experiment, collect data, and generate and interpret graphs. In this study, MBL tools and instructions were used to design an instructional program that integrated ideas in teaching thinking skills so that middle school students from varying levels of differentiated achievement could categorize and create concepts grounded on the Concept Attainment Model of teaching. Data were collected and analyzed based on the procedures of a one-group pretest-posttest experimental design and two research questions. The study provided a quantitative correlation of variables such as MBL to students' pretest-posttest total scores; pretest-posttest total scores to the levels of differentiated achievement and treatment groups. Likewise, a modified student-computer-attitude survey was administered to evaluate students' attitude toward the use of computer technologies. The research findings revealed a 9.1% increase in test scores in the three concepts of investigation; multiple increases in test scores in the three levels of differentiated achievement (22.2% for regular science group, 6.2% for accelerated science group students, and 1% for sheltered science group); and 11.1% mean difference between the MHL group and traditional laboratory group. Simultaneously, participants showed a positive significance of 77% feeling of comfort and confidence towards the use of computer technologies. Eventually, the great potential of MBL technology could play an important role in the reform of science education in the schools of the second largest Unified School District in the country today.

Osio, Sergio Albina

120

From Paper to PDA: Design and Evaluation of a Clinical Ward Instruction on a Mobile Device  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mobile devices with small screens and minimal facilities for interaction are increasingly being used in complex human activities for accessing and processing information, while the user is moving. This paper presents a case study of the design and evaluation of a mobile system, which involved transformation of complex text and tables to digital format on a PDA. The application domain was an emergency medical ward, and the user group was junior registrars. We designed a PDA-based system for accessing information, focusing on the ward instruction, implemented a prototype and evaluated it for usability and utility. The evaluation results indicate significant problems in the interaction with the system as well as the extent to which the system is useful for junior registrars in their daily work.

Kanstrup, Anne Marie; Stage, Jan

121

A Correlational Study of Students' Evaluations of Faculty Performance and Their Self-Ratings in an Instructional Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student evaluation of professors is increasingly accepted as a normal part of higher education. To examine whether students' involvements and participation in an instructional setting would be positively correlated with their evaluations of faculty performance, 66 college students were given a Likert type rating scale to rate their own behaviors…

Tang, Thomas Li-Ping; Tang, Theresa Li-Na

122

An Evaluation of a Computer-Assisted Instructional Program for Elementary Hearing-Impaired Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty-eight elementary children with hearing impairments were assigned to either computer-assisted instruction or small-group instruction and workbooks, for math or language arts. Results showed that computer-assisted instruction did not affect improvement in written language skills or standardized achievement tests but did show positive effects…

Braden, Jeffrey P.; And Others

1991-01-01

123

Evaluation of a Pre-service Training Programme Based on Direct Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A quasi-experimental, treatment-control group investigation was designed to test the effects of a preservice training course on effective instruction. Research findings from teacher effects research and cognitive strategy instruction were translated into two direct instructional models: one model for explicit or well-structured skills and one…

Veenman, Simon; And Others

124

An Evaluation of the High-Probability Instruction Sequence with and without Programmed Reinforcement for Compliance with High-Probability Instructions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We assessed the effects of reinforcement and no reinforcement for compliance to high-probability (high-p) instructions on compliance to low-probability (low-p) instructions using a reversal design. For both participants, compliance with the low-p instruction increased only when compliance with high-p instructions was followed by reinforcement.…

Zuluaga, Carlos A.; Normand, Matthew P.

2008-01-01

125

Evaluation of Instruction Using the Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism in Mexico  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A modified version of the Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism (CSEM) is regularly administered to students at the beginning of the semester as a pretest and at the end of the semester as a post-test in a large private university in Mexico. About 500 students each semester, from different engineering majors, take electricity and magnetism in the introductory level, divided into sections of 30-40 students so there are several different instructors, both full-time and part-time. We report on the analysis of the CSEM data using concentration analysis for the purpose of evaluation of instruction. The results showed that students' learning varies with respect to instructor and to CSEM concept area. Students have large learning gains in some concept areas but small learning gains in others. Deeper analysis of a concept area showed that some instructors may tend to strengthen some misconceptions that students have. The analysis can be used to give feedback to instructors for the purpose of improving instruction.

Zavala, Genaro; Alarcon, Hugo

2009-01-24

126

Evaluation of an Instructional Model to Teach Clinically Relevant Medicinal Chemistry in a Campus and a Distance Pathway  

PubMed Central

Objectives To evaluate an instructional model for teaching clinically relevant medicinal chemistry. Methods An instructional model that uses Bloom's cognitive and Krathwohl's affective taxonomy, published and tested concepts in teaching medicinal chemistry, and active learning strategies, was introduced in the medicinal chemistry courses for second-professional year (P2) doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students (campus and distance) in the 2005-2006 academic year. Student learning and the overall effectiveness of the instructional model were assessed. Student performance after introducing the instructional model was compared to that in prior years. Results Student performance on course examinations improved compared to previous years. Students expressed overall enthusiasm about the course and better understood the value of medicinal chemistry to clinical practice. Conclusion The explicit integration of the cognitive and affective learning objectives improved student performance, student ability to apply medicinal chemistry to clinical practice, and student attitude towards the discipline. Testing this instructional model provided validation to this theoretical framework. The model is effective for both our campus and distance-students. This instructional model may also have broad-based applications to other science courses.

Galt, Kimberly A.

2008-01-01

127

Mathematics Instruction in IGE and Non-IGE Schools. Working Paper 317. Report from the IGE Evaluation Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the data from a comparative study of grades 2 and 5 mathematics instruction and the use of Developing Mathematical Processes (DMP) in IGE and non-IGE settings. These results are part of a five-phase evaluation of the IGE system of elementary schooling. Use of DMP and reported adoption of IGE were not found to be good…

Romberg, Thomas A.; And Others

128

Means of Instruction Variables. Comparative Study of Phase IV IGE Evaluation Project. Phase IV Project Paper, 80-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one of a series of reports which provide definitions of and descriptive data on the variables used in the Comparative Study of Phase IV of the Individually Guided Education (IEG) Evaluation Project. Phase IV investigated three curriculum programs specifically designed to be compatible with instructional programming for the individual…

Nerenz, Anne G.; Webb, Norman L.

129

Sampling and Analysis Instruction for Evaluation of Residual Chromium Contamination in the Subsurface Soil at 100-C-7  

SciTech Connect

This sampling and analysis instruction (SAI) provides the requirements for sample collection and laboratory analysis to evaluate the extent of hexavalent chromium contamination present in the soil below the 100-C-7 and 100-C-7:1 remedial action waste site excavations.

W. S. Thompson

2007-02-15

130

Evaluation of the Adaptation of the Personalized System of Instruction to Nontraditional Adult Learners. Final Report. Volume I: Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) program for nontraditional adult learners was developed, implemented, and evaluated. The study objective was to determine if further investigation of use of PSI was worthwhile. From a review of literature and practice of PSI and adult learning, conclusions were drawn regarding major factors to consider…

Cox, J. Lamarr; Lane, Carolee

131

Evaluation of and Information Concerning Individually Prescribed Instruction in Mathematics (IPI); 1967-1968, Friends School, Wilmington, Delaware.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A self-evaluation of Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) in mathematics made by Friends School (Wilmington, Delaware) is justified and presented in this report. First, the establishment of six objectives (student independence, mastery of basic skills and concepts, achievement rate and level; teacher diagnostic functions, prescriptive…

Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.

132

Understanding Acid-Base Concepts: Evaluating the Efficacy of a Senior High School Student-Centred Instructional Program in Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was a mixed quantitative-qualitative research to evaluate the efficacy of a designed student-centred instructional (DSCI) program for teaching about acids and bases. The teaching innovation was designed based on constructivist, hands-on inquiry and context-based approaches and implemented in seven 45-min lessons with a class of 36 grade…

Rahayu, Sri; Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Treagust, David F.; Kita, Masakazu; Ibnu, Suhadi

2011-01-01

133

Case Studies in Evaluating the Benefits and Costs of Mediated Instruction and Distributed Learning: Synopses/Summaries of Eight Cases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes eight case studies undertaken to evaluate the benefits and costs of mediated instruction and distributed learning. The case studies included: (1) "The Master's Degree in Social Work at Cleveland State University and the University of Akron: A Case Study of the Benefits and Costs of a Joint Degree Program Offered via…

Young, Frank

134

Design, Development, and Evaluation of Visual Aids for Communicating Prescription Drug Instructions to Nonliterate Patients in Rural Cameroon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culturally sensitive visual aids designed to help convey drug information to nonliterate female adults requiring antibiotics were developed. Researchers conceptualized the messages, and a local artist produced the visual aids. Comprehension and compliance with prescription instructions were evaluated (N=78). Results and practical implications are…

Ngoh, Lucy N.; Shepherd, Marvin D.

1997-01-01

135

A Self-Instructional Course in Student Financial Aid Administration. Module 17--Evaluation of Student Aid Management: Self-Evaluation, Audit, and Program Review. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 17th module in the 17-module self-instructional course on student financial aid administration discusses the evaluation of student aid management in terms of self-evaluation, audit, and program review. The full course offers a systematic introduction to the management of federal financial aid programs authorized by Title IV of the Higher…

Washington Consulting Group, Inc., Washington, DC.

136

Instructional Models (Part III).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes five models for instructional design, including the ASSURE Model (analyze learners, state objectives, select methods, media and materials, utilize media and materials, require learner participation, and evaluate); the Learning Cycle; Instructional Analysis Model; Integrated Model for Teaching Library Skills; and Instructional

Callison, Daniel

2002-01-01

137

Promoting instructional change in new faculty: An evaluation of the physics and astronomy new faculty workshop  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important finding of physics and astronomy education research (PAER) is that traditional, transmission-based instructional approaches are not effective in promoting meaningful student learning. Instead, PAER research suggests that physics and astronomy should be taught using more interactive instructional methods. These ways of teaching require significant changes in the way faculty think about teaching and learning and corresponding changes in

Charles Henderson

2008-01-01

138

Evaluation of the Computer Assisted Instruction Title I Project, 1980-81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the third year, six Massachusetts communities incorporated computer assisted instruction (CAI) into their regular Title I programs, for students in grades 1 through 9. It was hoped that CAI would produce reading and mathematics gains over and above those which are characteristic of more conventional Title I instructional approaches. A pretest,…

Metrics Associates, Inc., Chelmsford, MA.

139

An Experimental Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Selected Techniques and Resources on Instruction in Vocational Agriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was designed to test new instructional techniques in vocational agriculture, determine their effectiveness on student achievement, and compare individual and group instructional techniques. Forty-eight randomly selected Iowa high school vocational agriculture programs with enrollments of 35 students or more, were selected for testing the…

Kahler, Alan A.

140

Evaluation of a Method of School-to-Home Telephone Instruction of Physically Handicapped, Homebound Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intellectual, academic, and social-emotional development were compared for physically handicapped, homebound students with whom a method of combined instruction was tried for 15 months which utilized radio broadcasts, group telephone hook-up with subject specialist broadcast teachers, and regular visits from home instruction teachers. The 30…

Lolis, Kathleen

141

Dental Seniors' Evaluation of Their Curriculum and the Number of Clock Hours of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An annual national survey of dental school seniors found that most felt the amount of instruction received in most curricular areas was appropriate. In 13 of 18 curricular areas, at least 70 percent felt clock hours of instruction were appropriate. A high proportion believed geriatric dentistry and emergency treatment could receive more attention.…

Solomon, Eric S.; Whiton, John C.

1991-01-01

142

Satellite Instructional Television Experiment. Television Comes to Village: An Evaluation of Site.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The design and conclusions of India's satellite instructional television experiment (SITE) are presented and discussed. The socio-cultural changes triggered by the introduction of satellite TV were the central interest of the investigation. Seven villages...

B. C. Agrawal

1978-01-01

143

A Commonwealth Consortium to Develop, Implement and Evaluate a Pilot Program of Computer-Assisted Instruction for Urban High Schools. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school districts of Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, the Department of Education of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and Pennsylvania State University formed the Computer-Assisted Instruction Consortium to develop and evaluate two high school mathematics programs utilizing the medium of computer-assisted instruction. The first 18 months of the…

Mitzel, Harold E.; And Others

144

Programed Instruction for Selected CIC Watch Officer Tasks. 2. Evaluation of the Audio Notebook in the Teaching of the Allied Naval Signal Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research evaluated oral program instruction used with a multitape recorder, the audio notebook, as a means of promoting adaptation to student differences and flexibility in instructional scheduling. Use of the Allied Naval Signal Book required by the CIC (Combat Information Center) watch officer position was programed for the audio notebook in…

Brock, John F.

145

Development and evaluation of a computer-assisted instruction package in clinical pharmacology for nursing students.  

PubMed

Recent reports commissioned by the Australian Government have highlighted the need to improve medication use in both community and hospital settings. Nurses are placed ideally to promote safe and effective drug use. The aim of this project was to develop and evaluate a computer-assisted instruction package, to help undergraduate nursing students improve their knowledge of clinical pharmacology, and to enhance their ability to contribute to the quality use of medications. In a collaborative project, staff of the Tasmanian Schools of Pharmacy and Nursing have produced the program PharmaCAL, using HyperCard 2.2 for the Apple Macintosh. A wide range of clinical pharmacology units are covered extensively, concentrating on drugs in common use and based on body systems: cardiovascular pharmacology (including hypertension, cardiac failure and angina); respiratory pharmacology; alimentary tract pharmacology (including peptic ulcer, diarrhea, and constipation); central nervous system pharmacology (analgesia, anxiety and insomnia, depression, psychoses, and epilepsy); antibiotic chemotherapy; and diabetes mellitus. Many color illustrations have been included. Each unit has a set of multiple choice questions to provide feedback to students. The package was evaluated in two ways. First, a questionnaire was used to assess users' opinions of the package. Second, a validated multiple choice test on clinical pharmacology and therapeutics was administered to 24 third-year nursing students before and after a set of sessions using the package and to a control group of 28 nursing students who were not exposed to the PharmaCAL package. The package generally was well received by the nursing students. Clinical pharmacology test scores significantly improved after using the package and were significantly higher than for the control group of students. The program is a useful adjunct to the existing nursing curriculum. It also could be used in postgraduate nursing education and other health sciences. PMID:9454993

Gee, P R; Peterson, G M; Martin, J L; Reeve, J F

1998-01-01

146

Evaluation of the Effects of the Medium of Instruction on Science Learning of Hong Kong Secondary Students: Instructional Activities in Science Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports part of the findings of a longitudinal study on the effects of a language policy implemented in 1998 on the science learning of junior secondary students. It focuses on the effects of the instructional medium on the instructional activities in science lessons. According to students' responses to a questionnaire, EMI (English…

Yip, Din-Yan; Coyle, Do; Tsang, Wing-Kwong

2007-01-01

147

Computer-Assisted, Programmed Text, and Lecture Modes of Instruction in Three Medical Training Courses: Comparative Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains a comparative analysis of the differential effectiveness of computer-assisted instruction (CAI), programmed instructional text (PIT), and lecture methods of instruction in three medical courses--Medical Laboratory, Radiology, and Dent...

G. M. Deignan

1980-01-01

148

An Evaluation of the Instructional Effectiveness of a Computer Lesson in Biomechanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One group of undergraduate students were taught a one-hour computerized lesson on free body diagram analysis, developed at Iowa State University for use with the PLATO system. Other students studied the same material using worksheets. Both methods appeared to be equally effective although the computer system offered some instructional advantages.…

Boysen, John P.; Francis, Peter R.

1982-01-01

149

Concept Mapping as a Research Tool to Evaluate Conceptual Change Related to Instructional Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concept maps are commonly used in a variety of educational settings as a learning aid or instructional tool. Additionally, their potential as a research tool has been recognized. This article defines features of concept maps, describes the use of pre- and postconcept maps as a research tool, and offers a protocol for employing concept maps as an…

Miller, Kevin J.; Koury, Kevin A.; Fitzgerald, Gail E.; Hollingsead, Candice; Mitchem, Katherine J.; Tsai, Hui-Hsien; Park, Meeaeng Ko

2009-01-01

150

Building the Emotional Intelligence and Effective Functioning of Student Work Groups: Evaluation of an Instructional Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Group-based learning is common practice in university classrooms. Despite the frequent student complaint of social loafing from teammates, methods for teaching students how to address teamwork issues are rarely incorporated into group assignments. Students are instructed on their final product, rather than their group process. In this article, an…

Peterson, Christina Hamme

2012-01-01

151

Standards for Evaluation of Instructional Materials with Respect to Social Content. 1986 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California Legislature recognized the significant place of instructional materials in the formation of a child's attitudes and beliefs when it adopted "Educational Code" sections 60040 through 60044. The "Education Code" sections referred to in this document are intended to help dispel negative stereotypes by emphasizing people in diverse,…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Curriculum Framework and Textbook Development Unit.

152

Promoting instructional change in new faculty: An evaluation of the physics and astronomy new faculty workshop  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An important finding of physics and astronomy education research (PAER) is that traditional, transmission-based instructional approaches are not effective in promoting meaningful student learning. Instead, PAER research suggests that physics and astronomy should be taught using more interactive instructional methods. These ways of teaching require significant changes in the way faculty think about teaching and learning and corresponding changes in their teaching behavior. Although the research base and corresponding pedagogies and strategies are well documented and widely available, widespread changes in physics and astronomy teaching at the college level has yet to occur. The Workshop for New Physics and Astronomy Faculty has been working to address this problem since 1996. This workshop, which is jointly administered by the American Association of Physics Teachers, the American Astronomical Society, and the American Physical Society, has attracted approximately 25% of all new physics and astronomy faculty each year to a four-day workshop designed to introduce new faculty to PAER-based instructional ideas and materials. This paper describes the impact of the Workshop as measured by surveys of Workshop participants and physics and astronomy department chairs. The results indicate that the Workshop is successful in meeting its goals and might be significantly contributing to the spread and acceptance of PAER-based instructional ideas and materials.

Henderson, Charles

2008-02-01

153

An Evaluation of a Personalized System of Instruction in Psychology at the Community College Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a study comparing Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) and lecture approaches using 301 community college students indicate that students in a PSI class do not perform better than students using a traditional lecture method, although PSI students scored higher on material learned early in the course. (MB)

Cline, Michael R.; Michael, Elaine

1978-01-01

154

Development and Evaluation of a Standards-Based Approach to Instruction in General Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Operation CHEM1251, an on-going project designed to implement a standards-based approach to instruction in the general chemistry curriculum at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. Results indicate that this is the first time in five years that any day-time first semester general chemistry course section scored significantly…

Wagner, Eugene P.; DiBiase, Warren J.

2001-01-01

155

System Modification and Evaluation in Instructional Programming: The Final Phases of the Program Construction Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this final volume of a three-volume series on the construction of self-instructional systems, the focus is on various aspects of post-construction control and improvement. As the first step in this phase, the process of polishing the material by checking for readability, integration, retention, and motivation is described and some of the aids…

Bjerstedt, Ake

156

Time-Shared Computer-Assisted Preclinical Instruction: A Short Trial and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over a 12-month period in 1974-75 the Computer Assisted Instruction System (CAI) was used as an adjunct to teaching preclinical medical students at the University of California, San Diego, the fundamental skills of clinical history-taking, the framework of the physical examination, and some specific clinical problem-solving methods. (LBH)

O'Neil, Terrence

1976-01-01

157

Improving Instruction Through Supervision. E.S.E.A. Title IV-C. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to help teachers improve their classroom instructional skills by providing a teacher support system based on the clinical supervision model. Participating teachers and administrators came from Region VI of the District of Columbia Public Schools. Participants received training and practice in the clinical…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC.

158

Evaluation of an Instruction Program on Diabetes Diet by Means of a Teaching Machine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 119 diabetic patients, student nurses, social workers, dieticians, and medical students indicates that programmed self-teaching with feedback by multiple-choice questions is an efficient method of instruction of basic facts of nutrition for diabetes. It enables the physician to spend more time on the patient's personal problems.…

Teuscher, A.; Heidecker, Barbara

1976-01-01

159

An Objective-Based Approach to Reading Instruction: Implementation and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to investigate characteristics of the implementation of objective-based approaches to reading instruction and to isolate problems in such implementations, a questionnaire was sent to over 100 schools that were implementing the Wisconsin Design for Reading Skill Development. Responses from 61 school districts were used to obtain…

White, Sandra; Demos, Elene

160

An Evaluation of the Instructional Effectiveness of a Computer Lesson in Biomechanics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a study in which one group of undergraduate students were taught a one-hour computerized lesson on free body diagram analysis,developed at Iowa State University for use with the PLATO system. Other students studied the same material using worksheets. Both methods appeared to be equally effective although the computer system offered some instructional advantages.

Boysen, John P.; Francis, Peter

2006-05-24

161

Evaluation of Computer-Assisted Instruction in Primary Grade Classrooms at the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study determined the effectiveness of two computer-assisted programs for writing/language instruction. Three first-grade classes and three second-grade classes at each of five Charlotte-Mecklenburg schools (CMS) were selected for the study. Two schools were using Write to Read for the first time, two schools were using Acceleration Station 2000…

Sockwell, Recardo V.

162

Computer Aided Instruction: A Study of Student Evaluations and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer aided instruction (CAI) encompasses a broad range of computer technologies that supplement the classroom learning environment and can dramatically increase a student's access to information. Criticism of CAI generally focuses on two issues: it lacks an adequate foundation in educational theory and the software is difficult to implement…

Collins, David; Deck, Alan; McCrickard, Myra

2008-01-01

163

Causal Analysis of the Effects of Situational Variables on Student Evaluation of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A theory, which proposed a hierarchy of determinants of student ratings of instruction, was tested. Situational variables such as class size, elective enrollment, and grade expectancy were hypothesized to be only indicators of more potent determiners. These motivational constructs were diversity of enrollment motives and subject matter interests,…

Mazzuca, Steven A.; Feldhusen, John F.

164

The Development and Evaluation of Computer Assisted Instruction Programs on Selected Topics in Introductory College Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eleven tutorial-drill and four experiment-simulation computer assisted instruction (CAI) modules were designed and programmed for use on an IBM 1500 system. The modules were designed as supplementary study aids for an introductory chemistry course and were intended to assist students' achievement of specified behavioral objectives. After trial…

Castleberry, Samuel Joseph

165

Using a Video Split-Screen Technique To Evaluate Streaming Instructional Videos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Media Center at Eastern Illinois University developed and streamed on the Internet 26 short (one to five minutes) instructional videos about WebCT that illustrated specific functions, including logging-in, changing a password, and using chat. This study observed trainees using and reacting to selections of these videos. It set out to assess…

Gibbs, William J.; Bernas, Ronan S.; McCann, Steven A.

166

Instructional Computing in Minority Institutions: A Needs/Strategy Assessment. Final Technical Report of Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designated as Appendices C-G, the five reports in this collection complete the final report of a survey of 239 minority colleges and universities which was conducted to determine both the current status and the desired status of instructional computing at these schools. The executive summary (see related document) includes Appendices A and…

Marshall, Patricia; And Others

167

THE EVALUATION OF ELECTRONIC SELF-INSTRUCTION ON PIANO KEYBOARD. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY WERE TO COMPARE THE LEARNING OF PIANO KEYBOARD SKILLS BY CONVENTIONAL INSTRUCTION AND BY AN "ELECTRONIC KEYBOARD TUTOR" (EKT) DEVICE, BOTH PROVIDING MONITORING, AND IMMEDIATE FEEDBACK. THE EKT PROVIDES VISUAL FEEDBACK ONLY--IT IS A SYSTEM OF ELECTRIC SWITCHES CONNECTED TO A PIANO KEYBOARD. EDUCATION STUDENTS INITIALLY AT…

LUND, VICTOR E.

168

Evaluation of Computer-Aided Instruction in a Gross Anatomy Course: A Six-Year Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web-based computer-aided instruction (CAI) has become increasingly important to medical curricula. This multi-year study investigated the effectiveness of CAI and the factors affecting level of individual use. Three CAI were tested that differed in specificity of applicability to the curriculum and in the level of student interaction with the CAI.…

McNulty, John A.; Sonntag, Beth; Sinacore, James M.

2009-01-01

169

TORQUE (Technology or Research Quantitative Utility Evaluation). Volume IV. Instructions for Technology Teams.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This volume provides instructions for the steps to be followed by each Technology Team and a sample team output in the form of three Tables. The purpose of the experiment is to devise an analytical method for balanced allocation of fiscal resources among ...

1967-01-01

170

Scientific Explanations: Characterizing and Evaluating the Effects of Teachers' Instructional Practices on Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher practices are essential for supporting students in scientific inquiry practices, such as the construction of scientific explanations. In this study, we examine what instructional practices teachers engage in when they introduce scientific explanation and whether these practices influence students' ability to construct scientific…

McNeill, Katherine L.; Krajcik, Joseph

2008-01-01

171

Microbiological assessment and evaluation of rehydration instructions on powdered infant formulas, follow-up formulas, and infant foods in Malaysia.  

PubMed

A total of 90 samples comprising powdered infant formulas (n=51), follow-up formulas (n=21), and infant foods (n=18) from 15 domestic and imported brands were purchased from various retailers in Klang Valley, Malaysia and evaluated in terms of microbiological quality and the similarity of rehydration instructions on the product label to guidelines set by the World Health Organization. Microbiological analysis included the determination of aerobic plate count (APC) and the presence of Enterobacteriaceae and Cronobacter spp. Isolates of interest were identified using ID 32E (bioMérieux France, Craponne, France). In this study, 87% of powdered infant formulas, follow-up formulas, and infant foods analyzed had an APC below the permitted level of <10(4) cfu/g. These acceptable APC ranged between <10(2) to 7.2×10(3) cfu/g. The most frequently isolated Enterobacteriaceae was Enterobacter cloacae, which was present in 3 infant formulas and 1 infant food tested. Other Enterobacteriaceae detected from powdered infant and follow-up formulas were Citrobacter spp., Klebsiella spp., and other Enterobacter spp. No Cronobacter species were found in any samples. Rehydration instructions from the product labels were collated and it was observed that none directed the use of water with a temperature >70°C for formula preparation, as specified by the 2008 revised World Health Organization guidelines. Six brands instructed the use of water at 40 to 55°C, a temperature range that would support the survival and even growth of Enterobacteriaceae. PMID:23141821

Abdullah Sani, N; Hartantyo, S H P; Forsythe, S J

2013-01-01

172

Marketing Instructional Development Internally, Externally.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This description of the marketing process as a practical way to manage the function of instruction development emphasizes the importance of the identification and evaluation of customer needs before developing objectives. To assist the instructional devel...

J. Lied

1979-01-01

173

Peer Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peer instruction may offer some of the richest opportunities for metacognitive teaching. Reciprocal (peer) teaching forces the instructor to use a whole series of metacognitive processes such as determining what the learner already knows, deciding what is to be taught/learned and how; monitoring comprehension and evaluating the outcome in terms of increased comprehension, which in turn encourages the instructor to reflect upon his or her own thinking processes. By asking the students to defend their answer to a question to another student you are, in effect, moving the role of "teacher" to the students.

Samson, Perry

174

Effective Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this book is to share successful instructional and learning processes with educators. The focus is on three types of variables in classroom learning and instruction: (1) active learning time; (2) feedback and corrective procedures; and (3) instructional cues. The literature on the nature of each variable is discussed, and the…

Levin, Tamar; Long, Ruth

175

A client-centred, occupation-based occupational therapy programme for adults with psychiatric diagnoses.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a client-centred, occupation-based occupational therapy programme for individuals with psychiatric diagnoses. The study took place in a college campus. A pre-test/post-test design was used. There were 38 participants which included college students and community members who desired to attend college, work and/or address life skill goals. The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) was used as a pre- and post-test measure. Goals were based on problems identified in the COPM, reflected academic, vocational, life skill, and leisure goals, and were systematically addressed weekly through activities developed by the participant and a graduate occupational therapy student who acted as a mentor. The Participant Overall Satisfaction Scale was completed by each participant. A case study was used to describe the programme in more depth. The results support that the client-centred, occupation-based occupational therapy programme increased client scores on satisfaction and performance of occupational performance problems identified on the COPM. Further research is recommended to explore how client-centred occupational therapy programmes can be effective in improving academic, vocational and life skill goals. PMID:20235141

Schindler, Victoria P

2010-09-01

176

Introducing a New Concept Inventory on Climate Change to Support Undergraduate Instruction, Teacher Education, Education Research, and Project Evaluation (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Concept Inventory on Climate Change (CICC) is a new research-based, multiple-choice 'test' that provides a powerful new assessment tool for undergraduate instructors, teacher educators, education researchers, and project evaluators. This presentation will describe the features and the development process of the (CICC). This includes insights about how the development team (co-authors) integrated and augmented their multi-disciplinary expertise. The CICC has been developed in the context of a popular introductory undergraduate weather and climate course at a southeastern research university (N~400-500 per semester). The CICC is not a test for a grade, but is intended to be a useful measure of how well a given teaching and learning experience has succeeded in improving understanding about climate change and related climate concepts. The science content addressed by the CICC is rooted in the national consensus document, 'Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Science'. The CICC has been designed to support undergraduate instruction, and may be valuable in comparable contexts that teach about climate change. CICC results can help to inform decisions about the effectiveness of teaching strategies by 1) flagging conceptual issues (PRE-instruction); and 2) detecting conceptual change (POST-instruction). Specific CICC items and their answer choices are informed by the research literature on common misunderstandings about climate and climate change. Each CICC item is rated on a 3-tier scale of the cognitive sophistication the item is calling for, and there is a balance among all three tiers across the full instrument. The CICC development process has involved data-driven changes to successive versions. Data sources have included item statistics from the administration of progressively evolved versions of the CICC in the weather and climate course, group interviews with students, and expert review by climate scientists, educators, and project evaluators based primarily in the US and Canada. The development team provided an exceptionally well integrated, multi-disciplinary expertise in climate science, climate education, education research, and psychometrics. The valuable integration of the team's expertise was driven by: 1) the prior interdisciplinary inclinations of key team members, which made it natural to openly inquire and learn across boundaries of expertise; and 2) the willingness of key team members to become respectful teachers of essential knowledge to other team members. These qualities, in combination with reviewer contributions, have brought the leading edges of natural and social science research together to produce the CICC. This work has been partially supported by a NASA award to the Georgia State University Research Foundation (NNX09AL69G).

Morrow, C. A.; Monsaas, J.; Katzenberger, J.; Afolabi, C. Y.

2013-12-01

177

Formative Evaluation: A Model for Instructional Material Development and Revision in Industrial Arts Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the rationale and application of formative evaluation in a curriculum development context, this presentation focused on a formative evaluation model designed and field tested through recent industrial education curriculum research and development efforts. In reviewing the rationale for formative evaluation a distinction between…

Sarapin, Marvin I.

178

The Evaluation of Educational Goals, Instructional Procedures and Outcomes or The Iceman Cometh.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model checklist conceptualizing the evaluation process is presented and discussed. It is quite general and is intended to apply to the evaluation of educational products, procedures and most outcomes. The Pathway Comparison Model consists of the following: (1) characterization--how generally or specifically to describe the "treatment"; (2)…

Scriven, Michael

179

Integrating Curriculum, Instruction, Assessment, and Evaluation in a Technology-Supported Genetics Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an extended collaboration between a development team and an evaluation team working with GenScope, an open-ended exploratory software tool. In some respects, this was a routine evaluation, documenting substantial gains (of roughly 1 SD) in genetics reasoning ability in all but 1 of 17 classes, despite challenges presented by…

Hickey, Daniel T.; Kindfield, Ann C. H.; Horwitz, Paul; Christie, Mary Ann T.

2003-01-01

180

Is This Course Instructionally Sound? A Guide to Evaluating Online Training Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine whether online training courses are effective, companies should evaluate training software when considering its purchase or development. Author describes the development and use of an instrument for evaluating online courses created by AT&T's Network Operations Education and Training organization. Also includes the On-Line Training…

Pisik, Ginger Brill

1997-01-01

181

Through the Horns of a Dilemma between Instructional Supervision and the Summative Evaluation of Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case study of a district-level alternative to a state-mandated, administratively oriented, observation-based, summative evaluation of teaching. The alternative formative-evaluation process consists of teacher-developed Professional Development Plans (PDPs). Suggests that PDPs offer a way to resolve the apparent dilemma between teacher supervision…

Holland, Patricia E.; Adams, Paula

2002-01-01

182

Evaluation of the Adaptation of the Personalized System of Instruction to Nontraditional Adult Learners. Final Report. Volume III: PSI Meets ABE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) program for nontraditional adult learners was developed, implemented, and evaluated for the purpose of making recommendations as to the need for and nature of further related research. Proposed program settings were two classes of adult basic education students and one of prison inmates. A case study…

Cox, J. Lamarr; Lane, Carolee

183

Evaluation of an Intervention Instructional Program to Facilitate Understanding of Basic Particle Concepts among Students Enrolled in Several Levels of Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The efficacy of an intervention instructional program was evaluated to facilitate understanding of particle theory concepts among students (N = 190) using a diagnostic instrument consisting of eleven two-tier multiple-choice items in a pre-test--post-test design. The students involved were high school students, undergraduates and postgraduates…

Treagust, David F.; Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Zain, Ahmad N. M.; Ong, Eng Tek; Karpudewan, Mageswary; Halim, Lilia

2011-01-01

184

Attitude of Academic Staff in Nigerian Tertiary Educational Institutions to Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEI): A Case Study of Cross River State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to assess the attitude of academic staff in Nigerian tertiary educational institutions to student evaluation of instruction (SEI) and to find out the variable factors that influenced the expressed attitude of members of the academic staff, using Cross River State University as a case study. The study was a survey and so a…

Idaka, Idaka I.; Joshua, Monday T.

2009-01-01

185

Children's Assessment Placement Instruction Center: Evaluation of Federal Grant for Pilot Activities and Operation of Program under P.L. 89-10, Title III ESEA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project of Children's Assessment Placement Instruction Center (CAPIC) is described as a multi-disciplinary approach to the study of children with developmental and learning disorders beginning with pilot units and eventually developing a center for assessment and clinical teaching prior to placement. The evaluation of activities includes the…

Bureau of Elementary and Secondary Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.

186

These Kids Just Aren't Motivated to Read: The Influence of Preservice Teachers' Beliefs on Their Expectations, Instruction, and Evaluation of Struggling Readers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study examined the beliefs of preservice teachers about teaching struggling readers. The study was concerned with participants' beliefs in the context of tutoring struggling readers in order to discover how these beliefs influenced the preservice teachers' expectations, instruction, and evaluations of these learners. The…

Scharlach, Tabatha Dobson

2008-01-01

187

Evaluation Approaches to Intelligent Computer-Assisted Instruction. Testing Study Group: The Impact of Advances in Artificial Intelligence on Test Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some special problems associated with evaluating intelligent computer-assisted instruction (ICAI) programs are addressed. This paper intends to describe alternative approaches to the assessment and improvement of such applications and to provide examples of efforts undertaken and shortfalls. Issues discussed stem chiefly from the technical demands…

Baker, Eva L.

188

Individualizing Accounting Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several ways of individualizing instruction in accounting are presented including job instruction sheets, self-paced instruction, programmed instruction, multi-media approach, and the modular concept. (TA)

Garrison, Lloyd L.

1976-01-01

189

Development and Evaluation of a Model Delivery System for Instructional Modules on Asthma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this project is to develop and evaluate a model educational delivery system for individualized continuing education for rural general or family physicians on the diagnosis and treatment of adult asthma. The first year of this project center...

M. H. Bagshaw W. M. Shanner

1977-01-01

190

Evaluation of a Multiple Instruction/Multiple Data (MIMD) Parallel Computer for CFD Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In an attempt to evaluate the merits of massively parallel processing computers for the numerical simulation of blast phenomena, the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) has adapted one of its blast modeling tools to several unique parallel architectures. ...

S. J. Schraml

1994-01-01

191

Thematic Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 12 articles presented in this issue of a journal on giftedness in school-age children focus on interdisciplinary thematic instruction for gifted students. "Untangling the Web of Interdisciplinary Instruction" (Susan L. Beibelman and Sandy Hall-Chiles) explains the use of a curriculum webbing model to provide structure. "Interdisciplinary…

Swartz, Eileen, Ed.

1991-01-01

192

Literacy Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine literacy instruction in light of recent research and practice, this journal issue presents five articles focusing on the creation of a literate society where people appreciate literature and can use reading and writing to enrich their lives. The first article, "Literacy Instruction: An Alternative" (A. S. Bayer), presents an alternative…

Pickens, Alex L., Ed.; Kali, Alex P., Ed.

1986-01-01

193

The Evaluation of the Instructional Applications at Different School Settings Prior to the Implementation of New Curriculum in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative study of was conducted to have an insight about public school teachers' use of instructional applications and their daily practices. The specific objective of this study was, to explore how teachers apply instructional theories, methodologies, strategies and techniques in their lessons before the implementation of new constructivist…

Baturay, Meltem; Alim, Feride

2007-01-01

194

IBM computer usability satisfaction questionnaires: Psychometric evaluation and instructions for use  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes recent research in subjective usability measurement at IBM. The focus of the research was the application of psychometric methods to the development and evaluation of questionnaires that measure user satisfaction with system usability. The primary goals of this paper are to (1) discuss the psychometric characteristics of four IBM questionnaires that measure user satisfaction with computer system

James R. Lewis

1995-01-01

195

Evaluation of Two Instruction Methods to Increase Employment Options for Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated the efficacy of a vocational training program including behavioral skills training, and a "performance cue system" (i.e., a proprietary iPhone application adapted for the study) to teach targeted social-vocational skills to six young adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. In two separate studies, participants were employed to assist…

Burke, Raymond V.; Andersen, Melissa N.; Bowen, Scott L.; Howard, Monica R.; Allen, Keith D.

2010-01-01

196

The Effect of Individual Reading Instruction on Locus of Control and Locus of Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nineteen students, ranging in age from 8 to 18, served as subjects in an investigation of the effect of an individualized reading tutorial program on the locus of control (LOC) and locus of evaluation (LOE) of children with reading disabilities. Over a 12-week period, the subjects received from 24 to 60 50-minute sessions of individualized reading…

Avant, Glen R.; Weber, Margaret B.

197

Using Art Elicitation to Deliver and Evaluate a Grade 4 Climate Change Instructional Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report the results of a climate change module delivered to 48 Grade 3/4 students in Nova Scotia, Canada. We tested for prior knowledge and evaluated interventional effectiveness using art elicitation. Common climate change misconceptions were demonstrated in their preintervention artwork, while postintervention artwork showed improved…

Baker, Jillian; Loxton, Jason; Sherren, Kate

2013-01-01

198

An Evaluation of Microfiche Reader Types for Use with Programmed Instruction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the first phase of a four-phase study in the application of the microfiche medium for onboard training systems. This phase evaluates a cross-section of microfiche readers with respect to their ease-of-use by Navy enlisted personnel in loading/unlo...

F. L. Keeler W. A. Rizzo

1976-01-01

199

A Continuous Community Pharmacy Practice Experience: Design and Evaluation of Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-year community pharmacy clinical experience using self-directed learning modules is described and evaluated. The modules were designed to stimulate interest in community pharmacy, motivate learning by demonstrating applicability of didactic work to contemporary practice, develop communication and psychosocial skills, and promote…

Thomas, Selby Greer; And Others

1996-01-01

200

The Effect of Perceived Class Mean on the Evaluation of Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 232 college students in six different courses in three departments participated in a study to examine the effect of perceived course mean on course and instructor evaluations. Following a midsemester exam, students were given their actual earned exam scores and a manipulated class mean that was either ten percentage points higher or…

Norvilitis, Jill M.; Zhang, Jie

2009-01-01

201

The Systematic Design, Development, and Evaluation of Competency-Based Instructional Materials for Employability Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described in this paper is the development and evaluation of the Employability Skills Series by the Florida Department of Education, 1975-1977. Focusing on skills involved in getting and keeping any job, the series is intended for use with secondary students and adults and is on approximately a fifth grade reading level. It consists of six student…

Kromhout, Ora M.; And Others

202

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Roadside Instruction in Teaching Youth with Visual Impairments Street Crossings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A single-participant multiple probe design across participants was used to evaluate the effectiveness of verbal rehearsal and graduated guidance to teach youth who were blind how to cross the street. This study replicated intervention procedures across settings along with the staggered entry of participants. Individuals learned to cross one or two…

Wright, Tessa S.; Wolery, Mark

2014-01-01

203

Multimedia Instruction: Lessons from Evaluation of a Theory-Based Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a theoretical model of stages in the comprehension of a machine from diagrams and accompanying text, and considers the implications of this model for designing hypermedia manuals that explain how machines work. Reports on three experiments with undergraduates that evaluated hypermedia and multimedia manuals based on this model.…

Hegarty, Mary; Quilici, Jill; Narayanan, N. Hari; Holmquist, Selma; Moreno, Roxana

1999-01-01

204

Evaluating the Alignment among Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessments: Implications and Applications for Research and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alignment has been defined as the extent to which curricular expectations and assessments are in agreement and work together to provide guidance for educators' efforts to facilitate students' progress toward desire academic outcomes. The Council of Chief State School Officers has identified three preferred models as frameworks for evaluating

Roach, Andrew T.; Niebling, Bradley C.; Kurz, Alexander

2008-01-01

205

A Competency-Based Testing Program: Program Evaluation from an Instructional Design Point of View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1984 an evaluation team examined the Maryland Functional Testing Program (MFTP), a statewide competency-based, criterion-referenced testing program that was instituted to limit awarding of high school diplomas to those students who had earned scores above cut scores on a series of achievement tests. This article examines the procedures the…

Garber, Herbert

206

Simulation of Inner-city Standardized Testing Behavior: Implications for Instructional Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Possible distortions in standardized test scores due to guessing, particularly in inner-city situations, are examined. A procedure is presented for estimating true knowledge levels from test scores. Results show scores are overstatements of subject mastery which means many programs are being planned and evaluated using inaccurate data. (Author/DWH)

Doscher, Mary-Lynn; Bruno, James E.

1981-01-01

207

The Hawaii Teleschool: An Evaluation of Distance Learning for Advanced Placement Calculus Instruction in "Paradise."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the Hawaii Interactive Television System (HITS) program and provides an evaluation of the first year of broadcasts for the advanced placement (AP) calculus course. HITS allows two-way video-audio interaction among origination sites, but the configuration used by the Department of Education for its Teleschool program is the…

Barker, Bruce O.; Bannon, James

208

Mental Models: An Alternative Evaluation of a Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of the wide variety of approaches to ethics training it is still debatable which approach has the highest potential\\u000a to enhance professionals’ integrity. The current effort assesses a novel curriculum that focuses on metacognitive reasoning\\u000a strategies researchers use when making sense of day-to-day professional practices that have ethical implications. The evaluated\\u000a trainings effectiveness was assessed by examining five

Meagan E. Brock; Andrew Vert; Vykinta Kligyte; Ethan P. Waples; Sydney T. Sevier; Michael D. Mumford

2008-01-01

209

Use of a Postpartum Hemorrhage Simulator for Instruction and Evaluation of Residents  

PubMed Central

Objective Postpartum hemorrhage is a common and potentially life-threatening obstetric emergency. We sought to create a realistic simulation and validate a standardized grading form to evaluate competency in the management of postpartum hemorrhage. Methods Residents from 3 programs underwent training with a postpartum hemorrhage simulation using a standard obstetric birthing model equipped with an inflatable uterus to simulate uterine atony. All simulations were graded by staff physicians with a standardized grading sheet constructed from the current literature on the topic. Residents were expected to recognize the hemorrhage and take appropriate steps, including asking the assistant to administer medications, to correct the problem. Objective and subjective performance was measured with standardized grading sheets, and results were analyzed for reliability using Cronbach ? and intraclass correlation coefficients. This project was conducted in accordance with the hospital Institutional Review Board policies at each institution. Results Forty residents from 3 institutions underwent simulation training. The majority were unable to correct the hemorrhage within 5 minutes and almost half also made at least 1 error, either the dose or route, in the medications they requested. Reliability was evaluated with Cronbach ? and demonstrated the grading sheets were valid and had good interrater reliability. Discussion A simulated postpartum hemorrhage scenario can identify important deficiencies in resident knowledge and performance, with no risk to patients. The standardized grading form worked well for our purposes and was reliable in our study. Further testing is needed to evaluate whether the training improves performance in real-life hemorrhages.

Deering, Shad H.; Chinn, Michael; Hodor, Jonathon; Benedetti, Thomas; Mandel, Lynn S.; Goff, Barbara

2009-01-01

210

A Comparison of Traditional Classroom Instruction and Anchored Instruction with University General Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effects of a traditional instructional format and technology-enhanced anchored instruction on the immediate and long-term acquisition of knowledge was evaluated with 100 university students in a special-education course. The CD-ROM-based anchored-instruction group outperformed the traditional instruction group on the multiple-choice follow-up test…

Langone, John; Malone, D. Michael; Stecker, Pamela M.; Greene, Eric

1998-01-01

211

Library instruction for medical students.  

PubMed Central

The library instruction program for medical students at the University of Tennessee Center for the Health Sciences is described. This instruction program, which was developed in cooperation with the medical faculty, is included in the College of Medicine curriculum. Library instruction is presented sequentially at scheduled times during the four-year curriculum when students need specific information. The development, implementation, and evaluation of the program are discussed.

Graves, K J; Selig, S A

1986-01-01

212

Personalized Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the six basic elements of personalized instruction: The dual teacher role (coach and advisor), diagnosing student learning characteristics, a culture of collegiality, interactive learning environments, flexible scheduling and pacing, and authentic assessment. (Contains 23 references.) (PKP)

Keefe, James W.; Jenkins, John M.

2002-01-01

213

Instructional Diversity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains how learning occurs in the brain, specifically in the limbic system. Compares traditional teaching methods and diverse learning modes. Describes the characteristics of diverse instructional approaches. First published in 1994. (YDS)

Samples, Bob

2000-01-01

214

The School Library Media Specialist as the Instructional Consultant  

Microsoft Academic Search

The instructional consultant role of the School Library Media Specialist (SLMS) (librarian) involves working collaboratively with teachers to develop instructional units. Through this involvement with curriculum and instructional development, the SLMS actively works with teachers systematically to plan, develop, implement and evaluate instructional units, activities and instructional strategies that help meet the needs of students and teachers. This systematic process,

Judy Lee; Karen Hicks

1997-01-01

215

The Development, Implementation and Evaluation of Individualized Instruction in Laboratory for Man in a Biological World at Skyline College.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study was undertaken to determine the effects of individualized instruction on enrollment, attrition, achievement, and student attitude in a general biology course for non-science majors. Fifteen auto-tutorial minicourses were designed for use in the...

C. L. Case

1978-01-01

216

Computer-Assisted, Programmed Text, and Lecture Modes of Instruction in Three Medical Training Courses: Comparative Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present study of 700 medical trainees in three different career fields was conducted to reduce the data gap in medical training on the following major questions: (a) Do computer-assisted instruction, programmed text, and lecture differ in instructiona...

G. M. Deignan B. R. Seager M. Kimball N. S. Horowitz

1980-01-01

217

Deriving Instructional Content Through Task Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Task analysis provides a means of effectively incorporating current learning theory and practice into instructional development methodology. It yields results applicable to specifying performance objectives, designing instructional activities, determining teaching strategies, and evaluating performance. (Author/BP)

Herschbach, Dennis R.

1976-01-01

218

Occupancy-Based Energy Management in Buildings: Final Report to Sponsors  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), the University of California Merced (UCM), and the United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) conducted field studies and modeling analyses in the Classroom and Office Building (COB) and the Science and Engineering Building (S&E) at the University of California, Merced. In the first year, of a planned multiyear project, our goal was to study the feasibility and efficacy of occupancy-based energy management. The first-year research goals were twofold. The first was to explore the likely energy savings if we know the number and location of building occupants in a typical commercial building. The second was to model and estimate people movement in a building. Our findings suggest that a 10-14percent reduction in HVAC energy consumption is possible over typical HVAC operating conditions when we know occupancy throughout the building. With the conclusion of the first-year tasks, we plan to review these results further before this group pursues follow-on funding.

Sohn, Michael D.; Black, Douglas R.; Price, Phillip N.; Lin, Yiqing; Brahme, Rohini; Surana, Amit; Narayanan, Satish; Cerpa, Alberto; Ericson, Varick; Kamthe, Ankur

2010-07-01

219

The Case for Linear Instructional Design and Development: A Commentary on Models, Challenges, and Myths.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses linear, or systematic, instructional design and development, including a 15-step model. Topics include needs assessment; formative evaluation; performance objectives; instructional materials development; pilot testing; design alternatives that challenge linear instructional design, including constructivism, anchored instruction, and…

Braden, Roberts A.

1996-01-01

220

DEVELOPMENT OF AN INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM TO IMPROVE CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION IN READING FOR MEXICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS IS DESCRIBED. AN EVALUATION-REVISION STRATEGY WAS UTILIZED TO INVESTIGATE THE EXTENT OF INTERACTIONS AMONG STUDENTS, MATERIALS, AND THE TEACHER. FOUR ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN LOS ANGELES PARTICIPATED IN THIS PROGRAM FOR 1 1/2 YEARS.…

MELARAGNO, RALPH J.; NEWMARK, GERALD

221

Systematic Evaluation of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two sections of an introductory educational psychology course given at the University of Akron were restructured using some nontraditional elements. Student evalutions of the course's content and structure and student achievement measures were used to analyze the effectiveness of the changes. The statistical analyses are detailed. The results are…

Darr, Ralph F., Jr.; Robison, David J.

222

Instructional Facility Utilization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data describing campus facility use for instructional and related purposes for one week of activity in Fall 1978 were collected and evaluated at Kalamazoo Valley Community College. Four measures of space utilization were used: (1) percent of available time used; (2) percent of available space used; (3) percent of scheduled space utilized; and (4)…

Kalamazoo Valley Community Coll., MI.

223

Active Evolution Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To help elevate your level of active instruction, this chapter provides a sampling of the kinds of hands-on activities that promote understanding of evolutionary processes. These particular activities are structured according to the BSCS 5E Instruction Model--engage,explore, explain, elaborate, and evaluate. The 5E Model is a teaching sequence that can be used for entire programs, specific units, or individual lessons (Bybee 1997). This chapter also contains print and online resources for new ideas and practical applications that will help you emphasize science process and how evolutionary changes affect us daily. This free selection also includes the Table of Contents, Introduction, and Index.

Jensen, Judy E.

2008-11-01

224

Instruction and Technology: Designs for Everyday Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perpetual connectivity made possible by twenty-first-century technology has profoundly affected instruction and learning. Emerging technologies that upend traditional notions of communication and community also influence the ways we design and evaluate instruction and how we understand learning and learning environments. In "Instruction and…

Mehlenbacher, Brad

2010-01-01

225

Major Areas of Emphasis for Instructional Engineering.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applying technology to teaching and learning has given rise to many questions which this author here attempts to identify and label. These questions come under seven headings: objectives, criteria and evaluation; characteristics of individual learners; instructional components and instructional design; use of devices; support for instructional

Burris, Russell W.

226

Instructional Discussion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional discussion is a classroom teaching method by which students move through material to a predetermined, new understanding by building on each other's contributions and by utilizing the more experienced learner's (the teacher's) past experiences with the material. This article describes both the characteristics and the planning of…

Nyquist, Jody

227

Instructional Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

C. M. Lindvall's introduction to the IPI project is based--as is the project itself--on Robert Glaser's National Society for the Study of Education (NSSE) Yearbook chapter entitled 'The Design of Instruction'. The project concerns itself with identifying the proposed student terminal behaviors and structuring them into some meaningful total…

Lindvall, C. M.

228

Vocabulary Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the web site Doing What Works, this section describes research-based practices to promote vocabulary development in middle and high school. It includes a multimedia overview of the importance of providing explicit vocabulary instruction, video clips, links to research, and other resources. Content area teachers and strategies for use in content areas like science are specifically addressed in the recommendations.

2008-01-01

229

Combination of instruction set simulation and abstract RTOS model execution for fast and accurate target software evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instruction set simulation and real time operating system modeling have become important issues for the design of distributed embedded systems. This paper presents a holistic approach to simulate a distributed, embedded system that includes target software, processing units, and abstract RTOS within a virtual prototype environment. The processing unit is modeled by an ISS, which is embedded in a SystemC

Matthias Krause; Dominik Englert; Oliver Bringmann; Wolfgang Rosenstiel

2008-01-01

230

Religion: What Is It? Religion in Elementary Social Studies: Teacher Self-Instructional Kit 1 [And] Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This kit is the first in a series intended to help classroom teachers think through possibilities for religion study in elementary-level social studies and use the instructional materials developed by the Religion in Elementary Social Studies Project (RESS). The entire RESS project will be available through ERIC and consists of six classroom…

Allen, Rodney F.; And Others

231

Nursing Professionals' Evaluation in Integrating the Computers in English for Nursing Purposes (ENP) Instruction and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to examine the pre- and in-service nursing professionals' perceptions of using computers to facilitate foreign language learning as consideration for future English for nursing purposes instruction. One hundred and ninety seven Taiwanese nursing students participated in the study. Findings revealed that (1) the…

Yu, Wei-Chieh Wayne

2013-01-01

232

Powerful Pedagogies: Evaluating Effective Culturally Relevant English Instruction for High Achieving African American Males in Advanced Placement English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Helping teachers to effectively use culturally relevant instructional practices can help the educational community close the literacy gap for African American males. This study examines effective secondary English teachers and their high achieving African American male students. Using critical race and sociocultural theories as a conceptual…

Johnson, Stanley Louis, Jr.

2011-01-01

233

Formative Evaluation of the HETI ED-Net Master's Program in Instructional Technology: Another Piece of the Puzzle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Instructional Technology at Utah State University instituted a distance education Master's degree program enrolling over 60 students at sites throughout Utah. Initial funding for the program was provided by Utah's Higher Education Technology Initiative (HETI). This report is part of an ongoing effort to provide feedback to the…

Eastmond, Nick; And Others

234

Evaluating the Effects of a Systemic Intervention on First-Grade Teachers' Explicit Reading Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the efficacy of a multitiered systemic reading intervention for increasing the intensity and quality of explicit literacy instruction that teachers provide in first-grade classrooms. Schools ("j" = 16) were randomly assigned to the treatment or comparison condition. In both conditions, teachers ("i" = 42)…

Nelson-Walker, Nancy J.; Fien, Hank; Kosty, Derek B.; Smolkowski, Keith; Smith, Jean Louise M.; Baker, Scott K.

2013-01-01

235

Individually Prescribed Instruction Program (Mathematics), Disadvantaged Pupil Program Funds, Fund Number 97-19, 1971-72 Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third year of a field test of the Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) program in two inner-city elementary schools is reported. The results of the Stanford Achievement Tests administered to IPI and Control children in grades two, four, and six showed that IPI students scored higher on one out of three subtests at grade four, on two out…

Taylor, Derek B.; Fleming, Margaret

236

A New Peer Instruction Method for Teaching Practical Skills in the Health Sciences: An Evaluation of the "Learning Trail"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Learning Trail" is an innovative application of peer-mediated instruction designed to enhance student learning in large practical classes. The strategy specifically seeks to improve participants' attention to details of protocol that are often difficult to observe during teacher-centered demonstrations to large groups. Students (n=68) at the…

Dollman, James

2005-01-01

237

Modular Instruction: A Resource Book.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Issues and illustrative material are presented from a project evaluating modular courses at McGill University from 1972 to 1976, with the overall intent of aiding instructors to produce instructional modules. Questions related to the nature of modular ins...

J. G. Donald

1977-01-01

238

Principles of Online Instructional Design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this document is to provide a resource to faculty who are designing online instructional materials. Online instruction is any formal educational process in which the instruction occurs when the learner and the instructor are not in the same place and Internet technology is used to provide a communication link among the instructor and students.Different forms of online instruction include: * Sharing information on a web site (example: course syllabus/ web site)) * Providing practice for new concepts by using online activities such as simulations and games * Communicating one-to-one or one-to-many via email for instructional purposes * Conducting discussions by using a threaded discussion board * Conducting discussion by using chat * Holding office hours by using chat or bulletin board * Delivering library resources via the Internet (example: Electronic databases, electronic course reserves) * Giving practice tests or evaluating performance by using online assessments * Submitting assignments electronically

2008-11-04

239

Instructional Design and Creativity: A Response to the Critics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses creativity and instructional system design (ISD) in light of situated cognition, constructivism, and anchored instruction. Topics include historical background; ISD resulting in boring instruction, ISD evaluation criteria, the creativity criterion, quality, conditions for producing creative instruction, the linearity of the design…

Dick, Walter

1995-01-01

240

Spatially explicit power analyses for occupancy-based monitoring of wolverine in the U.S. Rocky Mountains.  

PubMed

Conservation scientists and resource managers often have to design monitoring programs for species that are rare or patchily distributed across large landscapes. Such programs are frequently expensive and seldom can be conducted by one entity. It is essential that a prospective power analysis be undertaken to ensure stated monitoring goals are feasible. We developed a spatially based simulation program that accounts for natural history, habitat use, and sampling scheme to investigate the power of monitoring protocols to detect trends in population abundance over time with occupancy-based methods. We analyzed monitoring schemes with different sampling efforts for wolverine (Gulo gulo) populations in 2 areas of the U.S. Rocky Mountains. The relation between occupancy and abundance was nonlinear and depended on landscape, population size, and movement parameters. With current estimates for population size and detection probability in the northern U.S. Rockies, most sampling schemes were only able to detect large declines in abundance in the simulations (i.e., 50% decline over 10 years). For small populations reestablishing in the Southern Rockies, occupancy-based methods had enough power to detect population trends only when populations were increasing dramatically (e.g., doubling or tripling in 10 years), regardless of sampling effort. In general, increasing the number of cells sampled or the per-visit detection probability had a much greater effect on power than the number of visits conducted during a survey. Although our results are specific to wolverines, this approach could easily be adapted to other territorial species. PMID:24001256

Ellis, Martha M; Ivan, Jacob S; Schwartz, Michael K

2014-02-01

241

Investigating the Use of the Personalized System of Instruction in Distance Education. REDEAL Research #1. Project REDEAL. Research and Evaluation of Distance Education for the Adult Learner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the effects of using the Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) model in distance education. The PSI version of the course (PSI-P) was compared to a version of the course that was found to be instructionally weak (C), a revised version of the course that had an improved instructional design (IB), and a version of the course…

Spencer, Robert E.

242

Evaluating Teachers' Support Requests When Just-in-Time Instructional Support is Provided to Introduce a Primary Level Web-Based Reading Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Support requests were documented for 10 teachers (4 kindergarten, 4 grade one, and 2 grade one/two teachers) who received just-in-time instructional support over a 2 1/2 month period while implementing a novel reading software program as part of their literacy instruction. In-class observations were made of each instructional session. Analysis of…

Wood, Eileen; Anderson, Alissa; Piquette-Tomei, Noella; Savage, Robert; Mueller, Julie

2011-01-01

243

Instructional Improvement and the K-8 Principal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of research on instructional improvement and teacher evaluation considers the complex issues affecting the K-8 principal's ability to enhance educational quality through effective supervision of the instructional process. According to several studies, teachers found formal evaluations far less valuable than direct assistance and…

Glickman, Carl D.

1987-01-01

244

The Pathways and Pitfalls to Instructional Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two kinds of efforts at instructional improvement in higher education, student evaluation of teachers and faculty development programs on campuses, fall short of reaching their theoretical goals. Student evaluations are neither reliable nor valid measures of a teacher's instructional effectiveness. Some of the items included in such questionnaires…

Rose, Clare

245

Evaluation of a self-instructional manual for conducting discrete-trials teaching with children with autism.  

PubMed

Discrete-trials teaching (DTT) is commonly used to implement applied behavior analysis treatment for children with autism. The authors investigated a revised self-instructional manual for teaching university students to implement a 21-component DTT procedure to teach three tasks to confederates role-playing children with autism. Also, as a motivational contingency, for each DTT session in which a student scored at or above 90% accuracy, they received US$10. After an average of 4.5 hr to master the training manual, students' average DTT performance improved from 52% in baseline to 88% while teaching a confederate. Students averaged 77% DTT performance during subsequent generalization sessions with a child with autism. PMID:19139527

Thiessen, Carly; Fazzio, Daniela; Arnal, Lindsay; Martin, Garry L; Yu, C T; Keilback, Lukas

2009-05-01

246

Instructional Software Design Principles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses learner/computer interaction, learner control, sequencing of instructional events, and graphic screen design as effective principles for the design of instructional software, including tutorials. (MBR)

Hazen, Margret

1985-01-01

247

Trends in Instructional Technology: An Instructional Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learner objectives, text, practice exercises and answer sheets are provided on the history of educational technology, which includes three major periods: Audiovisual Instruction (1920-1945), Audiovisual Communications (1945-date), and Instructional Systems Analysis and Design (1950-date). The terms "educational technology" and "instructional

Wiley, Ann L.

248

Authorship and publication practices: evaluation of the effect of responsible conduct of research instruction to postdoctoral trainees.  

PubMed

We have studied postdoctoral trainees funded by NIH F32 fellowship awards in order to test the effectiveness of responsible conduct of research (RCR) education in the areas of authorship and publication practices. We used a 3-wave telephone and on-line survey design, conducted over a period of two years, in order to test for individual change before and after completing RCR education. Overall the responses of the subjects suggested a clear awareness of standards and practices in publication. However, our results failed to suggest that RCR education in this group significantly increased the level of ethically appropriate behavioral responses measured in the study. Similarly we saw no significant effect on increasing awareness of or attention to ethical guidelines about authorship and publication practices. Our interpretation of these null findings was influenced by the significant publication experience of our cohort of subjects. We forward possible explanations for these null findings in this context. Most importantly, we do not suggest that our results argue against continued instruction in RCR education. Instead, we believe our data reinforce the importance of careful articulation of course goals and objectives with attention to the background and experience of the student audience when developing RCR curricula. PMID:18246945

Funk, Carolyn L; Barrett, Kirsten A; Macrina, Francis L

2007-01-01

249

Sources of Instructional Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed patterns of instructional leadership sources. The instrument, Sources of Instructional Leadership (SOIL), was based on instructional leadership and effective schools literature. It dealt with the management of instructional resources, and related to one of six leadership functions: organizing, coordinating, developing,…

Selim, Philip D.

250

Designing the Instructional Interface.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designing the instructional interface is a challenging endeavor requiring knowledge and skills in instructional and visual design, psychology, human-factors, ergonomic research, computer science, and editorial design. This paper describes the instructional interface, the challenges of its development, and an instructional systems approach to its…

Lohr, L. L.

2000-01-01

251

Computer-assisted instruction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results are presented of a project of research and development on strategies for optimizing the instructional process, and dissemination of information about the applications of such research to the instructional medium of computer-assisted instruction. Accomplishments reported include construction of the author language INSTRUCT, construction of a practical CAI course in the area of computer science, and a number of investigations into the individualization of instruction, using the course as a vehicle.

Atkinson, R. C.

1974-01-01

252

The development and evaluation of a music mnemonic-enhanced multimedia computer-aided science instructional module  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"CellSong" is a computer aided instructional (CAI) science module designed to help students recall information about cellular physiology. The program is designed to teach middle school learners the music mnemonic "Cell's Organelles" ((c)1995 Karl Kimmel) in order to facilitate the recall of the targeted biological information. In addition to music, a computer animation is synched to the five minute music file to provide visual reinforcement for the song's lyrics. Two male teachers, from two different rural southern schools ( mTeacher and sTeacher) implemented the "CellSong" module in their classes. Students in mTeacher's class consisted of 12 fifth grade biology students. The other group was initially composed of all of sTeacher's sixth grade science classes ( n = 38). This group was divided into the regular three classes on its second exposure to the program. The students filled out attitude surveys after five exposures to the program. All the sixth grade students took an aided recall tests immediately after the fifth exposure to the program. Thirteen of the sixth graders took the same test (retest) after seven days. Although the test scores were generally low, students who took the retest tended to be able recall the same items that they had recalled the week before. The fifth grade class took one recall test four days after their last exposure to the program and scored higher than the sixth grade from the other school. These students were more favorable in their responses on the attitudinal survey. Students in the fifth grade class (and female students in the sixth grade classes) tended to enjoy the module and music mnemonic strategy. The sixth grade boys reported not enjoying it.

Kimmel, Karl Joseph

253

Individually Prescribed Instruction: Background Information and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of individually prescribed instruction (IPI) in reading as compared to the traditional mode of instruction are examined. The IPI model includes four components: analysis of subject matter content, diagnosis of student preinstructional behavior, sequencing of materials to facilitate learning, and evaluation strategies. Elementary…

DeRenzis, Joseph J.

254

SOME QUANTITATIVE ASPECTS OF THE INSTRUCTIONAL PROCESS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE DATA FROM THE SEVERAL STUDIES ANALYZED IN THIS REPORT HAVE BEEN COLLECTED AS PART OF AN ON-GOING EFFORT TO IMPLEMENT THE ABT ASSOCIATES' EDUCATION COST EFFECTIVENESS INSTRUCTIONAL PROCESS SUBMODEL, WHICH IS DEVELOPING TECHNIQUES TO EVALUATE THE QUANTITATIVE, CAUSE-AND-EFFECT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE INSTRUCTIONAL PROCESS AND SCHOLASTIC…

GAVIN, WILLIAM J.; SPITZER, MURRAY

255

Decentralized Sequenced Instruction (DSI) at Drexel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of student performances in a materials engineering course using three different teaching methods is presented. A form of personalized self-instruction (PSI) in which the course is offered off-campus, decentralized sequenced instruction (DSI), was compared to on-campus PSI and to the lecture method. The DSI method is shown to be most…

Smiernow, George A.; Lawley, Alan

1980-01-01

256

Integrating Assessment into Recurring Information Literacy Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information literacy instruction is integrated into the distance education program in library and information science (LEEP) at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). This article describes the LEEP program and the library services provided to its students. Published research on LEEP and related topics in librarianship is reviewed. Student evaluations of library instructional sessions have been gathered since 2002, shared

Susan E. Searing

2007-01-01

257

Focus on the Essentials of Reading Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reading instruction of beginning teachers needs to be assessed according to the teacher's use of practices that work. Therefore, a rubric that specifically looks for best practices is presented to be used in both formative and summative evaluations of beginning teachers' reading instruction. The criteria are based on the vision of a highly…

Frager, Alan M.; Frye, Elizabeth A.

2010-01-01

258

Preservice Teachers Explore Instructional Software with Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preservice teachers (n=22) observed 45 elementary students' use of instructional CD-ROMs and evaluated the software. Pre/post data indicated that their initial unproblematic views of instructional software modified somewhat. They became more aware of issues in technology use in education. (Contains 19 references.) (SK)

Pan, Alex C.; Carroll, Stuart Z.

2002-01-01

259

Instructional Strategies for Teaching Adult Numeracy Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report identifies 13 instructional strategies for teaching adult numeracy skills that address issues of assessment, development of mathematical skills, and development of problem-solving skills. The rationale and suggestions regarding the following 13 instructional principles are described: address and evaluate attitudes and beliefs about…

Ginsburg, Lynda; Gal, Iddo

260

Elementary General Music Teachers' Reflections on Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative study was completed to identify and study the content of selected elementary general music teachers' evaluations of their own instruction and the instruction of another elementary general music teacher. Participants represented a variety of educational backgrounds and teaching experience: Teacher A (9 years teaching Grades 4-6 at…

Delaney, Diane W.

2011-01-01

261

Using Spanish as the Language of Instruction with Mexican-American Head Start Children: A Re-Evaluation Using Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from an earlier study of a cognitively based English-language training program for 67 Mexican American Head Start children were reanalyzed using meta-analysis. Spanish as the language of instruction resulted in larger effect sizes. Recently expressed doubts about the efficacy of beginning instruction in non-English speakers' native languages…

Barclay, Lisa K.

1983-01-01

262

Evaluation of Brief Group-Administered Instruction for Parents to Prevent or Minimize Sleep Problems in Young Children with Down Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The study concerns the unknown value of group instruction for mothers of young children with Down syndrome (DS) in preventing or minimizing sleep problems. Method: (1) Children with DS were randomly allocated to an Instruction group (given basic information about children's sleep) and a Control group for later comparison including…

Stores, Rebecca; Stores, Gregory

2004-01-01

263

Using Visualisations in Secondary School Physics Teaching and Learning: Evaluating the Efficacy of an Instructional Program to Facilitate Understanding of Gas and Liquid Pressure Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instructional program using four simulation applets was used to facilitate understanding of gas and liquid pressure concepts among twenty-two students in a Year 9 class from an independent secondary school in Singapore. A comparison group consisting of twenty-two students was taught using traditional didactic, chalk-and-talk instruction.…

Oh, Elisabeth Yian Yian; Treagust, David F.; Koh, Thiam Seng; Phang, Wei Lian; Ng, Shuh Lit; Sim, Gary; Chandrasegaran, A. L.

2012-01-01

264

The Identification, Implementation, and Evaluation of Critical User Interface Design Features of Computer-Assisted Instruction Programs in Mathematics for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical user interface design features of computer-assisted instruction programs in mathematics for students with learning disabilities and corresponding implementation guidelines were identified in this study. Based on the identified features and guidelines, a multimedia computer-assisted instruction program, "Math Explorer", which delivers…

Seo, You-Jin; Woo, Honguk

2010-01-01

265

Dedicated online virtual reference instruction.  

PubMed

To facilitate nursing students' information literacy skills and enhance traditional library user services, academic librarians have developed synchronous (real-time) online virtual reference instruction in nursing research classes. The authors discuss collaborative efforts of nursing and library faculty in planning, implementing, and evaluating a discipline-specific virtual reference pilot program. PMID:16292145

Guillot, Ladonna; Stahr, Beth; Plaisance, Louise

2005-01-01

266

Cooperative Learning in Bibliographic Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Librarians from three regional campuses of Kent State University examine cooperative learning as an alternative to a lecture format for bibliographic instruction. The results of a research project comparing the effectiveness of cooperative learning and traditional methods are presented. Discussion includes problems in the evaluation process; steps…

Cook, Kim N.; And Others

1995-01-01

267

Modular Instruction Under Restricted Conditions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the evaluation and reconstruction of a transport phenomena course given at the Bandung Institute of Technology which had a 70 percent failure rate. Discusses the teacher-paced modular instruction technique designed to replace the original course material and its results in terms of student performance over a three-year period. (JM)

Utomo, Tjipto; Ruijter, Kees

1984-01-01

268

A systematic approach to instruction in research ethics.  

PubMed

This article describes a systematic approach for developing instructional programs that emphasizes defining learning needs, planning the learning environment, and evaluating learning to ensure continuous course improvement. This review outlines the nature of these interrelated components of instructional development and draws attention to issues specific to instruction in research ethics. Guiding questions summarize key, practical considerations, and the discussion suggests future steps in the pursuit of effective instruction in research ethics. Overall, the variety of approaches to instruction and mixed findings regarding its effectiveness underscore the need to apply a systematic framework to instruction in research ethics. PMID:24073607

Antes, Alison L

2014-01-01

269

Networked Instructional Computers in the Elementary Classroom and Their Effect on the Learning Environment: A Qualitative Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a qualitative evaluation of an elementary schoolwide computer implementation project. Highlights include the use of interviews, questionnaires, and surveys with teachers, students, and parents; changes in teacher attitudes and roles, classroom management, and classroom climate; and a model for creating a community of learners through the…

Keeler, Carolyn M.

1996-01-01

270

Curriculum Studies, Instructional Materials for Teachers Training Colleges in Swaziland. African Studies in Curriculum Development & Evaluation No. 99.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the most salient elements to be incorporated into a curriculum studies course for students in one of the three 2-year teacher training colleges in Swaziland. The course was developed to acquaint prospective teachers with curriculum objectives, methods, and evaluation devices, and to help them to critique some…

Nxumalo, Miriam V. F.

271

Altering Instructional Delivery Options to Improve Intervention Outcomes: Does Increased Instructional Intensity Also Increase Instructional Effectiveness?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With limited educational resources and numerous other variables that complicate effective teaching, educators need to think prudently about how to allocate resources. In essence, teachers must allocate resources in ways that will best maximize student learning. However, minimal research has systematically evaluated whether increased instructional

Begeny, John C.; Hawkins, Amy Lynn; Krouse, Hailey E.; Laugle, Kelly M.

2011-01-01

272

Evaluation of Small-Format Videotape as a Source for Instructional Television Programming. CPB Technical Report #8004.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents the first year of a 3-year evaluation which was designed to (1) determine the status of small-format (1/2" reel-to-reel, 3/4" U-Matic, 1/2" VHS, and 1/2" Beta) videotape in the schools; (2) reveal what impact such videotape has on educational television utilization; and (3) examine the distribution of VideoKits through 11…

Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.

273

Self-Instruction Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A report on the development and use of self-instruction materials within a project which attempted to consider new methods of education in terms of cost-effectiveness, teacher accountability and learner-based self-instruction. (Author)

Manwaring, Gaye

1973-01-01

274

Bibliographic Instruction Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document presents individual program and instruction objectives for students, faculty, community residents, and staff involved in the bibliographic instruction program at the Library/Learning Center of the University of Wisconsin-Parkside. A basic re...

1978-01-01

275

Modeling Instruction Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Arizona State University's modeling instruction and software development research. This approach to reform of curriculum design and teaching methodology has been guided by a Modeling Theory of Physics Instruction.

Hestenes, David

2003-10-10

276

Instruct Coders Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A manual designed both as an instructional manual for beginning coders and as a reference manual for the coding language INSTRUCT, is presented. The manual includes the major programs necessary to implement the teaching system and lists the limitation of ...

J. Friend

1971-01-01

277

45 CFR 63.39 - Religious worship or instruction.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Religious worship or instruction. 63.39 ...EVALUATION Special Provisions § 63.39 Religious worship or instruction. Federal...used for the making of any payment for religious worship or instruction, or for...

2013-10-01

278

Instructional Improvement in Maryland: Impact on Educators and Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of the School Improvement Through Instructional Process (SITIP) program in Maryland schools was evaluated. The program encourages application of research on planned change to implement one or more of four instructional models: (1) Active Teaching--emphasis on direct instruction, review and discussion of homework, individually supervised…

Roberts, Jane M. E.; Kenney, Jane L.

279

Moving from Subjective to Objective Assessment of Your Instruction Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the distinction between student evaluation and program assessment; the development of assessment methods for library instruction; and the various steps taken in the writing, testing, revising, and use of an assessment instrument for the Schurz Library instruction program at Indiana University South Bend. Library instruction guidelines,…

Colborn, Nancy Wootton; Cordell, Rosanne M.

1998-01-01

280

Instructional Strategies: Teaching Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage contains the links to 5 short articles on strategies for teaching students with dyscalculia. The articles that are included are: Components of Effective Mathematics Instruction, 10 tips for Software Selection in Mathematics Instruction, Number Sense: Rethinking Arithmetic Instruction for Students with Mathematics Disabilities, Students with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities, and Technology Supported Math Instruction for Students with Disabilities: Two Decades of Research and Development.

Babbitt, Beatrice C.; Spear-Swerling, Louise; Gersten, Russell; Chard, David J.; Foss, Jean M.; Hasselbring, Ted S.

2012-01-01

281

Instructional Materials Development Program  

NSF Publications Database

Title : NSF 96-61 Instructional Materials Development Program Type : Report NSF Org: EHR / ESIE Date : April 1, 1996 File : nsf9661 ______________________________________________________________________ Instructional Materials Development Program TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS Elementary - High School February 1996 Division of Elementary, Secondary and Informal Science Education Directorate for Education and Human Resources NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ...

282

Developing Mobile Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an instructional design class's experience developing instruction for the mobile web. The class was taught at a southeastern university in the United States in a master's level computer based instruction course. Two example projects are showcased and student reflections on design issues are highlighted. Additionally,…

Martin, Florence; Pastore, Raymond; Snider, Jean

2012-01-01

283

Differentiated Instruction. Fastback.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fastback presents the essentials for understanding how to differentiate instruction to meet the learning needs of all students in today's classrooms. It focuses on: "The Need for Differentiated Instruction" (determining learning needs, deciding what to differentiate, and principles of differentiated instruction); "Strategies for…

Smutny, Joan Franklin

284

Questions in Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide for the instructional development team provides an understanding of the educational value of using questions in instructional training materials. It also shows examples and illustrations for incorporating questions into instructional materials (print and video) produced by the Shipyard Training Modernization Program. Background…

Usova, George M.; Casteen, Dennis

285

Bibliographic Instruction: A Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven separate articles addressing bibliographic instruction in academic and elementary and secondary school libraries include annotated bibliographies on library instruction, nonprint materials and school library censorship, guidelines for an effective program, library instruction organizations and clearinghouses, and a description of the program…

Education Libraries, 1982

1982-01-01

286

Personalized Systems of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personalized systems of instruction (PSI), also called individualized instruction or contingency-managed instruction, were developed in the mid-1960s at the college level by Fred Keller, a reinforcement learning theorist. The Keller plan consists of five features: self-pacing, unit mastery, student tutors, optional motivational lectures, and…

McGaw, Dickinson

287

INSTRUCT Coders' Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The coding language INSTRUCT is a high-level programing language designed for programing computer-assisted instruction lessons. As it is presently implemented on the PDP-10 computer, a "lesson processor" transforms the INSTRUCT lessons into a numeric code that can be understood by a teaching program called INST. INST controls the interaction…

Friend, Jamesine

288

A formative evaluation of problem-based learning as an instructional strategy in a medical laboratory technician course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study is a formative evaluation of problem-based learning as an effective course delivery strategy in a second year introductory Medical Laboratory Technician discipline-specific hematology course. This strategy can serve two purposes in this type of course: discipline specific content knowledge and process skills learning. A needs study identified that students required additional workplace skills as they entered the clinical internship. Students tested well on the national registry examinations, discipline-specific content knowledge, but group process skills needed improvement in the areas of collaboration, communication, and critical reasoning. Problem-based learning was identified as an change intervention to help provide these skills. A search of the literature revealed that the Baker College cultural and physical environment would support this intervention. Twelve cases were written, situated in a clinical laboratory environment, addressing learning issues identified in a modified Delphi survey of laboratory personnel e.g. fiscal responsibility, turn-around time, invasiveness of laboratory techniques, and holistic view of healthcare environment. A hematology class of 13 students received the intervention. The cases were structured to proceed from instructor-centered (guided) learning issues to learner-centered learning issues. Observations of the in-group collaboration processes were documented, as well as oral presentations and critical reasoning, with students given periodic feedback on these skills. Student surveys provided data about satisfaction, attitude to PBL process, and self-efficacy. Multiple choice discipline-specific content examinations were given and compared with classes from the previous four years. The study found that students receiving the PBL treatment scored as well as or better than students from previous years on traditional multiple choice exams. Recall questions showed positive significance and application/analysis questions showed no significance from previous years. Clinical correlations end-of-case evaluations addressing the issues of thoroughness of investigation, supporting evidence, accuracy of information, order and clarity of thought showed positive improvement across the intervention, as did the PBL processes of in-group collaboration skills, teamwork skills, and presentation skills. By the end of the intervention, students expressed preference for student-centered learning issues.

Nelson, Diane Patricia

2002-09-01

289

Building-Based Instructional Improvement: The Principal as an Instructional Leader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Provo (Utah) School District's efforts to establish instructional leadership roles for its principals. To achieve instructional improvement goals, Provo principals are expected to provide leadership in four fundamental areas: staff development, curriculum review, clinical supervision, and evaluation and assessment. Includes four…

Hansen, J. Merrell; Smith, Rosemarie

1989-01-01

290

Instructional Television: Inquiry Method of Instruction in Fifth- and Sixth-Grade Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate television as an instructional medium for teaching creative thinking to fifth and sixth grade students by use of the "inquiry" method of instruction in the area of science. A secondary purpose was to determine the effect of student involvement in the live telecasts on their performance on a test…

Beets, Mary Mitchell

291

Evaluation of effectiveness of instruction and study habits in two consecutive clinical semesters of the medical curriculum munich (MeCuM) reveals the need for more time for self study and higher frequency of assessment  

PubMed Central

Background Seven years after implementing a new curriculum an evaluation was performed to explore possibilities for improvements. Purposes: To analyze students' study habits in relation to exam frequency and to evaluate effectiveness of instruction. Methods Time spent on self study (TSS) and the quantity of instruction (QI) was assessed during the internal medicine and the surgical semester. Students and faculty members were asked about study habits and their evaluation of the current curriculum. Results The TSS/QI ratio as a measure of effectiveness of instruction ranges mainly below 1.0 and rises only prior to exams. Students and teachers prefer to have multiple smaller exams over the course of the semester. Furthermore, students wish to have more time for self-guided study. Conclusions The TSS/QI ratio is predominantly below the aspired value of 1.0. Furthermore, the TSS/QI ratio is positively related to test frequency. We therefore propose a reduction of compulsory lessons and an increase in test frequency.

2011-01-01

292

A Catalog of Basic Elements of College-Level Instruction. EAC Reports 79-18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist academic units in specifying quality instruction, the catalog is composed of elements of instruction, organized into four major categories: instructional plan, delivery. evaluation, and student outcomes. The instructional plan is sub-categorized into the following areas: content, objectives, materials, assignments, and…

Gillmore, Gerald M.; Hofland, Dean M.

293

Changes in Instructional Development: The Aftermath of an Information Processing Takeover in Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the implications of cognitive psychology for some of the fundamental components of instructional development. Behaviorism and information processing are compared in their relationships to instructional design, and potential changes for such ideas as objectives, evaluation, instructional taxonomies, content analysis, and instructional

Low, William C.

1980-01-01

294

Teaching chained skills in a non-school setting using a divided half instructional format  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation evaluated the use of dyadic instructional arrangements in teaching chained skills to four students with moderate mental retardation. Each instructional dyad consisted of two students. Each of the three cooking skills was divided into two equal parts, and each student in a dyad received direct instruction on one part of the task analysis during each instructional session. During

Meada G. Hall; John W. Schuster; Mark Wolery; David L. Gast; Patricia Munson Doyle

1992-01-01

295

Instructional design for distance learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An intrinsic link exists between instructional design (ID) and distance learning (DL). Their inextricability in the real world raises specific problems of interest in the field of ID. In no other teaching/learning situation is ID so essential as in DL. The conditions of DL make it a necessity to have long-term instructional planning, cost analysis, curriculum and course development, instructional materials development and maintenance, delivery plans, and detailed evaluation rules. Without all of these components, DL simply could not happen. It took some time for this neccessity to be acknowledged, as can be seen in the history of DL. However, ID becomes even more critical as increasingly costly and complex means are used. Conditions of learning have special features in DL, such as the role of media, since the professor, teacher or instructor is replaced by media for either transmitting information or for organizing learning activities. In this paper, the term distance learning will be used to mean media-based, remote or asynchronous learning supported by an instructional system. This paper introduces general features of DL and examines essential aspects of ID for DL, with special emphasis on ID methodologies and on media selection.

Bourdeau, Jacqueline; Bates, Anthony

1996-12-01

296

Instructional television utilization in the United States  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various aspects of utilizing instructional television (ITV) are summarized and evaluated and basic guidelines for future utilization of television as an instructional medium in education are considered. The role of technology in education, capabilities and limitations of television as an instructional media system and the state of ITV research efforts are discussed. Examples of various ongoing ITV programs are given and summarized. The problems involved in the three stages of the ITV process (production, distribution, and classroom utilization) are presented. A summary analysis outlines probable trends in future utilization.

Dumolin, J. R.

1971-01-01

297

Modeling Instruction Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by David Hestenes of Arizona State University's modeling instruction and software development research, this site is an approach to reform of curriculum design and teaching methodology has been guided by a Modeling Theory of Physics Instruction. In addition, the site also provides modeling instructions for biology, chemistry and physical science. External links are provided under the heading "Opportunities for Professional Growth." These allow teachers the opportunity for explore workshops and other programs which can help enhance their teaching/curriculum.

Hestenes, David; Jackson, Jane

2009-04-20

298

The Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of an Electronics Curriculum Using Computer-Assisted Instruction/Computer-Controlled Laboratory at Motlow State Community College, Tullahoma, Tennessee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motlow State Community College (MSCC) in Tullahoma, Tennessee, received a federal grant to develop and implement an electronics computer-assisted instruction (CAI) classroom and an electronics computer-controlled laboratory (CCL). A portion of a complete CAI/CCL electronics curriculum developed by NIDA Corporation was developed, implemented, and…

Hasty, Doyle E.

299

Evaluation of the Effects of Medium of Instruction on the Science Learning of Hong Kong Secondary Students: Performance on the Science Achievement Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the effects of a new Hong Kong policy requiring Chinese as the language of instruction on secondary students' learning of science. Science achievement test scores at 100 secondary schools indicate that previous use of English to teach science may have hampered students' ability to grasp material due to the high-level thinking…

Yip, Din Yan; Tsang, Wing Kwong; Cheung, Sin Pui

2003-01-01

300

Mathematics Improvement Component: Elementary Computer Assisted Instruction Program, Elementary Competency Based Education Program, and Middle School Competency Based Education Program. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mathematics Improvement Component (MIC) was first implemented in the Columbus (Ohio) Public Schools in 1987-88 to assist elementary and middle school pupils who were low achievers in mathematics. Three programs comprised the 1989-90 MIC: the Elementary Computer Assisted Instruction (Elem-CAI) Program, the Elementary Competency Based Education…

Gibbons, Michael

301

Evaluation of the Adaptation of the Personalized System of Instruction to Nontraditional Adult Learners. Volume II: A Synthesis of Research Findings on PSI and on Adult Learners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume reviews literature and current practices in both the Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) and adult education that are pertinent to development and implementation of a PSI program for nontraditional adult learners. Chapter 2 provides a review of literature and current practices of PSI, especially that research providing evidence of…

Cox, J. Lamarr; Lane, Carolee

302

Evaluative Comparison of Programmed System of Instruction and Traditional Lecture Approaches in a Basic Administration of Justice Class at Cerritos College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compares traditional lecture (TL) and personalized system of instruction (PSI) teaching methods for an introductory criminal evidence class at Cerritos College (California) during the 1974-75 academic year. The subjects were 189 lower division students, the vast majority of whom were declared law enforcement majors. Since both sections…

Hinrichsen, Keith A.

303

Findings from Inverness Research Associates' Evaluation of the Appalachian Collaborative Center for Learning, Assessment, and Instruction in Mathematics (ACCLAIM). Working Paper No. 39  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this summary is to provide the public with an independent external assessment of ACCLAIM (Appalachian Collaborative Center for Learning, Assessment, and Instruction in Mathematics). The authors draw upon all the knowledge of this Center for Learning and Teaching that they have accumulated in past years, and they refer to that data…

St. John, Mark; Helms, Jennifer; Smith, Anita

2008-01-01

304

A Symposium: Relevant Cue Research, a Program of Systematic Evaluation: Considerations for Sustaining Instructional Design Research Using an Integrated Learning System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An intelligent videodisc system on which comprehensive instructional development research can be conducted has been developed. This integrated learning system combines all other existing media, except objects, using a videodisc, microcomputer, printer, single monitor, hard disc storage with CPU for random access digitized audio, and headphones.…

Grabowski, Barbara

305

Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA), Community School District 2 Special Alternative Instruction Program. Final Evaluation Report, 1992-93. OREA Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA) was a federally funded program serving 960 limited-English-proficient students in 10 Manhattan (New York) elementary schools in 1992-93 its third year of operation. The project provided instruction in English as a Second Language (ESL), mathematics, science, and social studies in…

Lynch, Joanne

306

Higher Achievement and Improvement Through Instruction with Computers and Scholarly Transition And Resource Systems Program (Project HAITI STARS). Final Evaluation Report, 1992-93. OER Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Higher Achievement and Improvement Through Instruction with Computers and Scholarly Transition And Resource Systems program (Project HAITI STARS), a federally-funded bilingual education program, served 425 students of limited English proficiency at three high schools in New York City during its fifth contract year. Students received…

Augustin, Marc A.

307

The Development and Evaluation of Self-Instructional Physical Science Materials Based on Piaget's Analysis of the Growth of Logical Thinking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three self-instructional episodes for use in physical science classes were written and tested with ninth grade students. The development was based on Piaget's learning theory leading students from actions with physical apparatus to the formulation of a mathematical equation. The episodes concerned: (1) equilibrium in a balance; (2) the oscillation…

Bass, Joel Eugene

308

Evaluation of Manual Spelling, Observational and Incidental Learning Using Computer-Based Instruction with a Tablet PC, Large Screen Projection, and a Forward Chaining Procedure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study employed a multiple probe design to investigate the effects of computer-based instruction (CBI) and a forward chaining procedure to teach manual spelling of words to three young adults with moderate intellectual disability in a small group arrangement. The computer-based program included a tablet PC whereby students wrote words directly…

Purrazzella, Kimberly; Mechling, Linda C.

2013-01-01

309

Improving Instruction Through Supervision: Developing Supervisory Support for Teachers. E.S.E.A. Title IV-C. Final Evaluation Report, 1979-1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the Improving Instruction through Supervision project was to provide a support system for teachers, based on a clinical supervision model. Teachers and administrators were trained in a supervision model which consists of a five step process: (1) pre-observation conference; (2) observation; (3) analysis and strategy; (4)…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Div. of Research, Planning and Evaluation.

310

The Monte Carlo Integration Computer as an Instructional Model for the Simulation of Equilibrium and Kinetic Chemical Processes: The Development and Evaluation of a Teaching Aid.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A special purpose digital computer which utilizes the Monte Carlo integration method of obtaining simulations of chemical processes was developed and constructed. The computer, designated as the Monte Carlo Integration Computer (MCIC), was designed as an instructional model for the illustration of kinetic and equilibrium processes, and was…

Wood, Dean Arthur

311

Evaluating Maintenance Performance: Test Administrator's Manual and Test Subject's Instructions for Criterion Referenced Job Task Performance Tests for Electronic Maintenance. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document furnishes a complete copy of the Test Subject's Instructions and the Test Administrator's Handbook for a battery of criterion referenced Job Task Performance Tests (JTPT) for electronic maintenance. General information is provided on soldering, Radar Set AN/APN-147(v), Radar Set Special Equipment, Radar Set Bench Test Set-Up, and…

Shriver, Edgar L.; And Others

312

LOGO Based Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a 1989 research study on LOGO-based instruction for teaching abstract concepts of geometry are reported in an effort to encourage mathematics teachers to use the LOGO language in computer-assisted instruction. Thirty-three ninth graders (19 males and 14 females) (6 white students and 27 black students) were involved in the controlled…

Yusuf, Mian Muhammad

313

Proceedings Instructions for Authors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instructions for preparing papers for the 5th SEACOMP are presented. They are intended to guide the authors in preparing the electronic version of their paper. Only papers prepared according to these instructions will be published in the Proceedings. Provide an abstract of your paper no longer than 400 words.

A. B. Authorsurname; C. Coauthorsurname

314

Preparing Instructional Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is a "collection" of three separate manuscripts: (1) "A Paradigm Shift in Preparing Instructional Leaders" (published in December 2010); (2) "Transitions" (an introduction to the "Revisited manuscript"); and (3) "A Paradigm Shift in Preparing Instructional Leaders Revisited" (published in June 2011). The 2010 manuscript describes…

Gray, David; Lewis, Joe'l

2011-01-01

315

The Instructional Media Specialist.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role of instructional media specialists in elementary and secondary schools. Topics include educational background, including technical skills, curriculum planning, and instructional design; classroom teachers; library media specialists and the change from teaching library skills to facilitating information literacy; the role of…

Callison, Daniel

2002-01-01

316

Peer Instruction Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website is the home of a global community for users of Peer Instruction and related interactive teaching methods. Members can connect with other educators to share experiences with active learning and collaborate to improve their courses. The web site includes a blog covering questions and issues regarding Peer Instruction.

2012-06-26

317

The Impending Instructional Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last three decades of the twentieth century will witness a drastic change in the business of providing instruction in schools and colleges. The idea of "individualized instruction" has been pursued in a desultory fashion by American educators for most of the century. There have been several different concepts of individualization, the most…

Mitzel, Harold E.

318

Instruction First, Writing Later.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A deductive-inductive sequence of writing instruction, in which students are instructed systematically before they begin to write, would help students learn to write well. Educators who propose a trial and error pattern ignore the facts that those learning to write do not have unlimited time in which to learn and are not dealing with an inherent…

Usher, Mauricio H.

319

Diagnostic Assessment in Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an experimental program of interactive assessment and instruction called GUIDES to Learning and Instruction, which is designed for use in college level remedial and developmental programs in writing, reading, and study skills. Highlights include microcomputer administration of measurement; response formats; feedback; validity for…

Forehand, Garlie A.; Rice, Myrtle W.

1988-01-01

320

Center for Instructional Computing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Center for Instructional Computing (CIC) at Eastern Michigan University is described in this report. The center serves as a model for making the infusion of innovative uses of microcomputers within instruction a faculty-centered effort. CIC provides a physical facility with IBM and Apple microcomputers dedicated to faculty use, both as a…

American Association of State Colleges and Universities, Washington, DC.

321

Computer Designed Instruction & Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research findings on computer designed instruction and testing at the college level are discussed in 13 papers from the first Regional Conference on University Teaching at New Mexico State University. Titles and authors are as follows: "Don't Bother Me with Instructional Design, I'm Busy Programming! Suggestions for More Effective Educational…

New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces.

322

Experience with Individualized Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes personal contributions made by the author in individualized instruction, including: Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI), the Doctor of Arts program, and the development of educational videodiscs. Innovations in these areas are discussed: education for the handicapped, personal development education, industrial and military…

Lipson, Joseph I.

1981-01-01

323

The Instructional Development Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Instructional Development Laboratory of Florida State University's Center for Educational Design (CED) is described. Among the major projects of the Laboratory has been the design and implementation of the PLATO computer-assisted instruction system. Included in the report are descriptions of (1) the facilities layout of the Laboratory, (2) the…

Towle, Nelson J.

324

THE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CENTER.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS BULLETIN PRESENTS RECOMMENDATIONS WITH REGARD TO PROGRAM, PERSONNEL, AND FACILITIES FOR AN INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CENTER. IT INCLUDES UTILIZATION, MATERIALS, FACILITIES, ORGANIZATION AND LAYOUTS FOR AN INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CENTER. CASE STUDIES AND EXAMPLES ARE PROVIDED FOR MAKING THE MAXIMUM POSSIBLE USAGE OF THE CENTER WITHIN BOTH THE…

ARTZ, DELPHINE; AND OTHERS

325

Instructions for authors revised  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Instructions for Authors of ‘‘Accreditation and Quality Assurance’’ provide guidance when composing a manuscript and submitting it to the journal. To facilitate the publishing process and make it more transparent to our authors, these instructions have now been substantially revised and updated. This revision takes into account many questions over the years by our authors and requirements for standardization

Paul De Bièvre; Ernst-Heiner Korte

2008-01-01

326

Teachers as Instructional Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the roles, functions, and effectiveness of a group of teachers who became Instructional Leaders (ILs), assuming major responsibility for assuring the implementation of a voluntary school improvement program within their respective schools. The program, called SITIP (School Improvement Through Instructional Process), and…

Kenney, Jane L.; Roberts, Jane M. E.

327

How to Survive Instructional Innovation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews problems and successful techniques associated with various instructional systems including individualized instruction, personalized system of instruction, audiotutorial system, and others. Includes comments on behavioral objectives, mastery, and testing. (SK)

Rainey, Gilbert L.

1981-01-01

328

Instructional Issues for Teaching Assistants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined teaching assistants' perceptions of various instructional issues and explored whether their perceptions were affected by nationality, gender, and academic discipline. Found significant predictors of teaching assistants' instructional roles, teaching style, instructional methods, communication strategies, and potential problems. (EV)

Luo, Jiali; Grady, Marilyn L.; Bellows, Laurie H.

2001-01-01

329

Peer Instruction in Physics & Astronomy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site is a supplement to the Peer Instruction for Astronomy book and provides information about Peer Instruction resources for astronomy classes. Instructions and sample collections of concept test (ConcepTest) questions are available.

Green, Paul

2004-07-17

330

Instructional Improvement: A Cooperative Venture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses instructional improvement role responsibilities by suggesting, with appropriate rationale, that supervisors and principals work together in effecting instructional improvement. (Author)

Krajewski, Robert J.

1979-01-01

331

Instructional Design and the Importance of Instructional Alignment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights the instructional design process followed by the Maricopa Community College faculty in the creation of instructional modules in Digital Visual Literacy. The paper categorizes 10 tasks that an instructional designer, a teacher, or a trainer performs during the design phase of the instructional design process. The importance of…

Martin, Florence

2011-01-01

332

An Analysis of the Instruction in Reading Instructional Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of reading instructional research reveals eight analytic categories for organizing various aspects of instruction. The first three categories describe the rhetorical distinctions that are often made about instruction, providing a background to the analysis of the instruction found in current research. The distinctions in these…

Duffy, Gerald G.; Roehler, Laura R.

333

Using "Instructional Routines" to Differentiate Instruction: A Guide for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differentiated instruction means matching instruction to meet the different needs of learners. To deliver the wide range of instruction required to accommodate differing levels of learners in a classroom, teachers must use data-informed, small group instruction designed specifically to meet students' needs (Kosanovich, Ladinsky, Nelson, Torgesen,…

Kosanovich, Marcia

2012-01-01

334

Structured Instruction: Effective Teaching of Essential Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight articles address research in teaching essentials of decoding, instruction and research in reading comprehension, strategy training for arithmetic instruction, functional competence in communication instruction, vocational skills instruction for the handicapped, community living skills instruction for mildly retarded persons, and…

Kauffman, James M., Ed.

1981-01-01

335

Web-based technologies for health sciences reference and instruction.  

PubMed

New web-based instructional technologies provide health sciences librarians with tools to enhance delivery of reference services, reinforce library instruction, and facilitate outreach activities. Of the many emerging, new web technologies recently available to health information professionals, 12 resources are presented in this article to explain the value these tools bring to informational and instructional settings to enhance demonstration, facilitate collaborative activities, encourage communication, and evaluate learning/understanding. PMID:25023016

Youngkin, C Andrew

2014-01-01

336

16-bit Floating Point Instructions for Embedded Multimedia Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have simulated the implementation of 16-bit floating point instructions on a Pentium4 and PowerPC G4 and G5 to evaluate the performance impact of these instructions in embedded processors for graphics and multimedia applications. Both accuracy of the computations and the execution time have been considered. For low-end embedded processors, the 16-bit FP instructions deliver a larger dynamic range than

Lionel Lacassagne; Daniel Etiemble; S. A. Ould Kablia

2005-01-01

337

Instructional Microfiche System Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the preparation for a demonstration in which microfiche were used as the primary instructional medium in a resident, self-paced course. The objectives of the experiment were threefold: (1) to determine the training effectiveness of t...

J. P. Kottenstette A. S. West

1979-01-01

338

Nonspecifics in Personalized Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggestions from behavior modification and Personalized Systems of Instruction (PSI) research concerning some subtle variables affecting course success are presented. Variables of interpersonal relationship and of expectancies on the parts of students, proctors, and instructors are delineated. (Author/JR)

Robin, Arthur L.

1975-01-01

339

PIO Instructions and Tools  

Cancer.gov

PIO Instructions and Tools View All  |  Tab View Consortia 2012 Consortia 2003 CCOP Grants Protocol Development Task Order Technical Proposal Submission Form (doc, 34kb) DCP Consortia Protocol Submission Worksheet (doc, 91kb) DCP Consortia

340

Individualized Curriculum and Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of conference papers by various authors covers the following aspects of individualized curriculum and instruction: (1) research trends, (2) applicability to specific subject areas, and (3) implications for teacher education. (LLR)

Neufeld, K. Allen, Ed.

341

Designing Printed Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of identifying the audience and determining specific objectives when designing printed instructional materials that will communicate effectively and provides detailed guidelines for dealing with such design factors as content, writing style, typography, illustrations, and page organization. (MBR)

Burbank, Lucille; Pett, Dennis

1986-01-01

342

Instructional Design in CAI.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A conceptual framework for instructional design is introduced which includes three major components; task analysis (involving dimensions such as objectives, skills, and subject matter structure), learner analysis (concerned with variables such as age, pop...

G. P. Kearsley

1977-01-01

343

Adaptive Instruction and Pupil Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines effects of adaptive instruction on results of 456 children in the first year of reading instruction at 23 Dutch primary schools. Teachers in the experimental group show significantly higher adaptive instructional behaviors (optimizing time on task and using direct instruction and phonics methods) than control-group teachers. (59…

Houtveen, A. A. M.; Booji, N.; de Jong, R.; Grift, W. J. C. M. van de

1999-01-01

344

Improving the Learning Outcomes of Preschool-Grade 12 Students with Disabilities through Collaborative Action Research and Data Based Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data based instruction reflects the teachers implementation of a carefully planned system of instruction for a selected learner. The purpose is to provide documentation of the effect of instruction implemented for learner(s) with special needs; evaluate the effect of using specific instructional organization and delivery systems; perform an…

Nevin, Ann; Hood, Antonette

345

An Instruction Support System for Competency-Based Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the Pennsylvania State University Instruction Support System (ISS) designed to meet the needs of large classes for competency-based teacher education (CBTE) programs. The ISS seven-step hierarchical developmental procedure is reported to free the instructor for specialized instruction and evaluation by utilizing a…

Singh, Jane M.; And Others

346

The Principal's Guide to Instructional Improvement: Theory to Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning with an abridged history of administrative and clinical supervision, "The Principal's Guide to Instructional Improvement" offers principals both background information, as well as comprehensive models and examples, to analyze and improve teacher instruction. Based on the principle of teacher growth, rather than teacher evaluation, this…

Krajewski, Robert

2012-01-01

347

Instructional Design as Design Problem Solving: An Iterative Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design, including instructional design, is one of most complex and ill-structured kinds of problem solving. Historically, instructional design has been conceptualized as a linear set of phases (e.g., analysis, design, development, implementation, evaluation) that a designer progresses through. Silber (2007) has provided an alternative perspective…

Jonassen, David H.,

2008-01-01

348

The Instructional Quality Inventory: I. Introduction and Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the instructional quality inventory (IQI), which was developed to provide quality control/evaluation procedures for the instructional system development (ISD). The ISD is described as a method used by the military to develop or revise training courses. IQI procedures are detailed in six sections. Section 1 explains the IQI…

Wulfeck, Wallace H., II; And Others

349

Patterns of Implementing a District Computerized Instructional Management System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-part research and evaluation study was conducted to examine an elementary (K-8) school district's implementation of a computerized instructional management system, the "Computer-Managed Instruction/3000" (CMI), as a means of facilitating the assessment and updating of student mastery of 78 district-defined curricular objectives. The testing…

Crist-Whitzel, Janet L.; And Others

350

The MICROPIK Model: Choosing Computer Systems for Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MICROPIK is a multiple-alternatives, criterion-referenced model for evaluating CAI (computer-assisted instruction) software and microcomputer hardware against selected curricular objectives. The model provides decision-modeling control over diverse interactive patterns that occur when computer hardware, courseware, and instructional objectives are…

Wholeben, Brent Edward

351

Reflective Teaching, Effective Learning: Instructional Literacy for Library Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether or not "instruction" appears in their job titles, librarians are often in the position of educating their users, colleagues, and peers to successfully locate and evaluate information. Because MLIS education tends to offer less-than-comprehensive preparation in pedagogy and instructional design, this much-needed book tackles the challenge…

Booth, Char

2011-01-01

352

Precision Measuring Equipment (PME) Individualized Instruction. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-paced programed and audiovisual (AV) instructional materials covering portions of the Air Force course, Precision Measuring Equipment (PME) Specialist, were developed, administered, and evaluated as means of assessing the feasibility of individualizing the PME course as part of the Air Force's Advanced Instructional System (AIS). The…

Lewis, William E.; And Others

353

They Teach Too: A Role for Paraprofessionals in Library Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of paraprofessional library staff at Aurora Library (Colorado) to teach part of the bibliographic instruction sessions. Highlights include strategic planning, revising the library instruction program to incorporate reduction and still meet the students' educational needs, staff attitudes, and program evaluation and changes. (LRW)

Turner, Diane J.; Grotzky, Marilyn E.

1995-01-01

354

Modelling coaching practice: the role of instruction and demonstration  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we review the empirical literature pertaining to the effectiveness of instructions and movement demonstrations. Initially, we examine existing theories and approaches that try to explain the process of skill acquisition so as to determine implications of these theories for instructional provision. This is followed by an evaluation of studies in the motor learning literature in which pre-practice

Nicola J. Hodges; Ian M. Franks

2002-01-01

355

Using Anchored Instruction to Teach about Assistive Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A training module about assistive technology using an integrated hypermedia format and principles of anchored instruction was developed and field tested with 57 undergraduate students, graduate students, and professionals. The trainees responded positively to the anchored instruction. This article details the module's development, evaluation, and…

Blackhurst, A. Edward; Morse, Timothy E.

1996-01-01

356

Planning for Instructional Use of Radio and Computers by Satellite.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper surveys approaches that are deemed practical for instructional use of radios and computers by satellite transmission. For each of the two instructional technologies a brief history is provided, a survey of the evaluation studies of effectiveness is given, and a concluding section on planning for application is provided. Because the…

Suppes, Patrick

357

Hypermedia and Library Instruction: The Challenge of Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Project FORE (Focus on Research and Evaluation), a hypermedia program developed at Utah State University for library use instruction. Topics discussed include guidelines for designing instructional courseware, lesson objectives, recall of prior learning, feedback, enhancing retention and transfer of learning, visual design, learner…

Piette, Mary I.; Smith, Nathan M., Jr.

1991-01-01

358

A Few Things Reading Educators Should Know about Instructional Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents 12 points about experimentation all teachers concerned with evidence-based reading instruction should keep in mind as they evaluate assertions about literacy education. Reflects on how responsible experimenters who wish to inform literacy instruction should communicate research results to classroom practitioners. Concludes that educators…

Pressley, Michael

2003-01-01

359

Peer Instruction for Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Peer Instruction for Astronomy is an instructor's guide to an exciting and easily-implemented enhancement for lecture classes in introductory astronomy. Application of this powerful and efficient teaching technique requires that the instructor have on hand a large number of thought-provoking, conceptual short answer questions aimed at a variety of levels. While significant numbers of such questions have been published for use in Physics, Peer Instruction for Astronomy provides the first such compilation for Astronomy, and includes hints on use of the technique and applications of the method. KEY TOPICS: Covers peer instruction, incentives, a large database of conceptual questions for use in class, and a list of readings and resources. MARKET: Ideal for introductory astronomy instructors at the undergraduate or advanced high school level.

Green, Paul

360

Getting to the point: attempting to improve juror comprehension of capital penalty phase instructions.  

PubMed

This research examined the effects of several versions of capital penalty phase instructions on juror comprehension. Study One documented the impact of California's recently implemented "plain language" instruction. It showed that although the new instruction has clear advantages over the previous version, significant comprehension problems remain. Study Two evaluated several modified instructions designed to enhance comprehension. Participants heard either a standard patterned instruction or one of two alternatives-a psycholinguistically improved instruction, or a "pinpoint" instruction using case-related facts to illustrate key terms-in a simulated death penalty sentencing phase. Persons who heard modified instructions demonstrated higher levels of comprehension on virtually every measure as compared to those in the standard instruction condition. PMID:20936335

Smith, Amy E; Haney, Craig

2011-10-01

361

Instructional Practices in the Humanities and Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings are summarized for a survey of 15% of the nation's community colleges which was conducted in 1977 and 1978. The survey investigated types of courses, enrollments, and instructional practices in the humanities, sciences, social sciences, and technologies and evaluated findings in terms of institutional size, location, and governance. The…

Cohen, Arthur M.; Brawer, Florence B.

362

Discussion-Based Instruction in Drug Metabolism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A flexible strategy for large-group pharmacy instruction in drug metabolism has students prepare and discuss answers to fact-oriented study questions, addressing fundamentals covered in a textbook, with regular evaluation of in-class student responses to higher-order review questions. This discussion-based approach has brought sustained…

Ruenitz, Peter C.

1995-01-01

363

Virtual Teaching: Library Instruction via the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines strategies academic librarians can incorporate to develop effective Web-based tools for library instruction. Topics include Web page design; content; technical and copyright issues; usability and evaluation; site maintenance; Web coding tools; and examples from the University at Albany and the Texas Information Literacy Tutorial (TILT) at…

Germain, Carol Anne; Bobish, Gregory

2002-01-01

364

Mathematics, 7-9, Instructional Objectives Exchange.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is a collection of two hundred sixty-five objectives and evaluation items for mathematics grades seven through nine. The objectives and measurement items were developed by the Instructional Objectives Exchange (IOX) staff and formulated from curricular material submitted by teachers, schools, and school districts. At present,…

Alkin, Marvin C.

365

Mathematics, K-3, Instructional Objectives Exchange.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection contains one hundred seventy-four objectives and evaluation items for mathematics grades kindergarten through three. The objectives and measurement items were developed by the Instructional Objectives Exchange (IOX) staff and formulated from curricular material submitted by teachers, schools, and school districts. To date, these…

Alkin, Marvin C.

366

CReconfigurable finite field instruction set architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reconfigurable computing can provide a significant speed-up factor to cryptographic and error correcting code algorithms. Finite field arithmetic is essential to both, but is difficult to implement efficiently. Finite field instruction set extensions and a reconfiguration framework have been constructed to enable a finite field multiplier to be regenerated via software control. A performance evaluation has been created by generating

Nathan Jachimiec; Fernando Martinez-Vallina; Jafar Saniie

2007-01-01

367

Examining First Grade Teachers' Handwriting Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the first grade teachers' practices of handwriting instructions in terms of teaching, evaluation and handwriting difficulties. From qualitative research patterns, phenomenology was used. The study was applied to the 54 First grade teachers who work at central Burdur and Burdur county centre primary education…

Arslan, Derya

2012-01-01

368

Assessment of Cognitive Requirements of Instructional Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates the CHEM study topics of kinetic theory of gases, phase changes, chemical bonds, and equilibrium as to the level of cognitive development required for an understanding of each subject. Advocates an assignment of topics within the range of a student's cognitive ability in an individual study format of instruction. (CP)

Hartford, Fred; Good, Ron

1976-01-01

369

Bibliographic Instruction Trends in Canadian Academic Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that investigated how bibliographic instruction in Canadian academic libraries is evolving to meet the users' needs for information-literacy skills in light of electronic technologies and their effects on information retrieval. Discusses the teaching of critical evaluation and research strategies and the incorporation of more…

Julien, Heidi; Leckie, Gloria J.

1997-01-01

370

Instructional Approaches and Content in Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers presented at the 1970 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association includes: (1) "An Experimental Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Selected Techniques and Resources on Instruction in Vocational Agriculture," by A.A. Kahler and others, discussing the influence of techniques and methods on student…

Kahler, Alan A.; And Others

371

Developing Career Education; K-2 Instructional Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide presents instructional units aimed at developing career education for grades K-2. Each unit provides detailed objectives, activities, resources, and evaluations, and in some units the objectives are further detailed in relationship to the following subjects: mathematics, language arts, social studies, guidance, music, physical education,…

Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln. Div. of Vocational Education.

372

Health Instruction Packages: Pregnancy and Childbirth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Text, illustrations, and reinforcement exercises are utilized in these nine learning modules to instruct nurses and expectant mothers in topics related to pre-natal care, labor, and post-partum readjustment. The first module, "Pre-Natal Evaluation" by Betty Ostrander, teaches the nurse to diagnose toxemia of pregnancy. The second module,…

Ostrander, Betty; And Others

373

Student Preferences for CD-ROM Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses library instruction in the use of CD-ROMs and describes results of a survey of CD-ROM users at C.W. Post College (NY), including characteristics of CD-ROM users, evaluating searches, advanced search techniques, learning and using the system, and changes in CD-ROM users from 1992 to 1996. (LRW)

Manzari, Laura

1998-01-01

374

Instruct coders' manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A manual designed both as an instructional manual for beginning coders and as a reference manual for the coding language INSTRUCT, is presented. The manual includes the major programs necessary to implement the teaching system and lists the limitation of current implementation. A detailed description is given of how to code a lesson, what buttons to push, and what utility programs to use. Suggestions for debugging coded lessons and the error messages that may be received during assembly or while running the lesson are given.

Friend, J.

1971-01-01

375

Performance evaluation of the IBM RISC (reduced instruction set computer) System/6000: Comparison of an optimized scalar processor with two vector processors  

SciTech Connect

RISC System/6000 computers are workstations with a reduced instruction set processor recently developed by IBM. This report details the performance of the 6000-series computers as measured using a set of portable, standard-Fortran, computationally-intensive benchmark codes that represent the scientific workload at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. On all but three of our benchmark codes, the 40-ns RISC System was able to perform as well as a single Convex C-240 processor, a vector processor that also has a 40-ns clock cycle, and on these same codes, it performed as well as the FPS-500, a vector processor with a 30-ns clock cycle. 17 refs., 2 figs., 6 tabs.

Simmons, M.L.; Wasserman, H.J.

1990-01-01

376

Enhancing Instructional Design Efficiency: Methodologies Employed by Instructional Designers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional systems design (ISD) has been frequently criticised as taking too long to implement, calling for a reduction in cycle time--the time that elapses between project initiation and delivery. While instructional design research has historically focused on increasing "learner" efficiencies, the study of what instructional designers do to…

Roytek, Margaret A.

2010-01-01

377

An instruction set and microarchitecture for instruction level distributed processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

An instruction set architecture (ISA) suitable for future microprocessor design constraints is proposed. The ISA has hierarchical register files with a small number of accumulators at the top. The instruction stream is divided into chains of dependent instructions (strands) where intra-strand dependences are passed through the accumulator. The general-purpose register file is used for communication between strands and for holding

Ho-Seop Kim; James E. Smith

2002-01-01

378

Practicing Effective Instruction: The Exemplary Center for Reading Instruction Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Exemplary Center for Reading Instruction (ECRI) teaches teachers to use proven instructional strategies and a management system to prevent reading failure and enhance language skills through an approach featuring stress on quality instructional time, teachers' use of positive reinforcement, and expectations of high mastery levels. (Author/CL)

Reid, Ethna R.

1986-01-01

379

Computer Managed Instruction: An Application  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the impact of computer managed instruction (CMI) on classroom instructional management. Views the Wisconsin Design for Reading Skill Development and Developing Mathematical Processes curricula within the CMI model developed at the Wisconsin Research and Development Center. (Author/WM)

Belt, Sidney L.; Skubal, Jacqueline

1974-01-01

380

Use of Humor in Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a summary of research on the benefits and uses of subject-matter-related humor in instructional materials, and cites comments of five experts on how to use humor in the design of instruction. Thirteen references are listed. (MER)

Rutkaus, Michael

1981-01-01

381

Instructional Supervision: Dollars and Sense  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Definitions of supervision and instructional supervision are provided, along with financial and educational rationale for better quality-control of public education through the development and maintenance of an effective instructional improvement program. A suggested supervisory model is described. (MJB)

Krajewski, Robert J.

1977-01-01

382

Electronic Assembly Self-Instructional Training System for the Deaf: Documentary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported are the origins, development, and preliminary evaluation of a self-instructional training system to prepare deaf high school students for entry-level electronic assembly jobs in industry. Description of the training system focuses on the following topics: the instructional concept on which the system is based; the method of instruction

Persselin, Leo E.

383

Non-linear instructional design model: eternal, synergistic design and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instructional design is at the heart of each educational endeavour. This process revolves around the steps through which the thoughtful productions of superior products are created. The ADDIE generic instructional design model emphasises five basic steps within the instructional design process: analyse, design, develop, implement and evaluate. The simplistic nature of the ADDIE model, including the ease of application and

Caroline Crawford

2004-01-01

384

The Instructional Quality Inventory: IV. Job Performance Aid. Special Report 79-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for educators and trainers in the U.S. Navy, this Instructional Quality Inventory (IQI) is designed to provide quality control and evaluation procedures for instructional development. A by-step instructional development approach is provided for each of five categories: objective adequacy, test consistency, test adequacy, presentation…

Ellis, John A.; Wulfeck, Wallace H., II

385

Instructional Design Fundamentals as Elements of Teacher Planning Routines: Perspectives and Practices from Two Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers rely on mental planning throughout the design, implementation, and evaluation phases of instruction. This paper focuses on the elementary school teacher's use of instructional design (ID) skills in the planning and delivery of instruction, emphasizing the relative and "real" use of ID practices in both mental and written planning. Two…

Earle, Rodney S.

386

SITUATIONAL JUDGMENT TESTS, RESPONSE INSTRUCTIONS, AND VALIDITY: A META-ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Situational judgment tests (SJTs) are personnel selection instruments that present job applicants with work-related situations and possible re- sponses to the situations. There are typically 2 types of instructions: be- havioral tendency and knowledge. Behavioral tendency instructions ask respondents to identify how they would likely behave in a given situation. Knowledge instructions ask respondents to evaluate the effectiveness of possible

MICHAEL A. McDANIEL; NATHAN S. HARTMAN; DEBORAH L. WHETZEL; W. LEE GRUBB

2007-01-01

387

Combining Cooperative Learning and Individualized Instruction: Effects on Student Mathematics Achievement, Attitudes and Behaviors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While programmed instruction has not generally been found to increase mathematics achievement, the problems appear to lie more in managerial and motivational difficulties rather than in the theory of individualizing instruction. This study evaluated programmed instruction in mathematics using a system designed to solve these problems by having…

Slavin, Robert E.; And Others

388

Graphing in the Classroom for Improving Instruction: From Lesson Plans to Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An approach to improving classroom instruction is offered that advances a longitudinal, cyclical presentation of instruction, its evaluation, and revision over time. This approach is distinguished by student self-graphing of student performances, a teacher's log of changes made in instruction, and a class graph kept by the teacher or students. The…

Moxley, Roy A.

2007-01-01

389

Report on the Instructional Use of the Computer. Vol. 3, Scope.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which computers are presently used for instructional purposes is surveyed. The evaluation of computers and the more recent development of computers for education are traced. The growth of computer-assisted instruction centers and instructional computer languages is described. Computers, terminals, telecommunications, computer…

Dube, Lucien

390

Apparel. Teacher's Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide for a one-half credit technological laboratory course for grades 10-12 focuses on apparel from the perspectives of personal decision making related to apparel, the apparel industry, and career preparation. Introductory materials are a course description; overview of course design; facilities, equipment, and resources; and…

Rambo, Patti

391

Management. Teacher's Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's instructional guide, which is part of a family and consumer sciences education series focusing on a broad range of employment opportunities, is intended to assist teachers responsible for teaching one- and two-year management programs for Texas high school students. The following are among the items included: (1) introductory…

Hutnyak, Dana

392

Styles of Instructional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aspects of the team development style that were employed at the University of Mid-America (UMA) in developing multi-media instruction for a new and open university setting for adults are discussed in this paper. The experience of three team projects are drawn upon in defining some particular characteristics of internal team functioning and…

Cashell, Jane G.; And Others

393

Instructional Technology: What Works.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Review of the materials which came to the attention of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) Clearinghouse on Media and Technology at Stanford University in 1973 leaves one with mixed feelings about the current and future status of instructional technology (IT). It seems as if officials in schools and government have negative…

Clark, Richard E.

394

Instructional Aide Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Instructional Aide Program (Shoreline Community College, Seattle, Washington) is a flexible curriculum designed to prepare students to meet the paraprofessional manpower needs of several kinds of institution. It was prepared after consultation with representatives of the schools, the YMCA, and the country park system. Other agencies still to…

Thomson, Henry

395

Alternative Instructional Grouping Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alternatives to the current system of graded classes and ability grouping are examined that would allow teachers to balance individual student needs with practical considerations in instructional delivery. In addition to reviewing the alternatives, the research that has examined these approaches is reviewed and synthesized. The three alternative…

McGurk, Erin K.; Pimentle, Jodi A.

396

Instructional Guide for Cosmetology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as a tool for cosmetology teachers in Virginia public and private schools, the document is an instructional guide which offers 12 units of study, arranged in a three year course. Materials covered help prepare students for licensure in the State of Virginia and the guide is designed to cover the 1,500 hours required to be spent in the…

Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Dept. of Education.

397

Solar Energy. Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy developed as part of a descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas (see note). The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…

Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan

398

Expanding Instructional Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When Governors State University looked to television as a strategy for improving the efficiency of its instructional programs in 1982, a proposal was made to turn certain courses taught by professors semester after semester to large numbers of students into television courses that could be taken by students throughout the academic year. The…

Ainsworth, David

399

GPN Instructional Television Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a cursory description of 22 new items available at the Great Plains National (GPN) Instructional Television Library--programs in history, geography, reading, language, and mathematics for elementary or secondary school students; course materials in accounting, management, and mathematics at college level; informative materials…

Schupbach, Paul H.

400

Simplifying Tennis Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How many physical education programs incorporate tennis into the curriculum? How many physical educators feel proficient enough to teach tennis? Equally important, do students truly make progress when tennis is taught? Tennis instruction in secondary physical education settings is often frustrating for students and teachers alike. Many physical…

Vasil, Jay

2005-01-01

401

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CATALOG.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE TITLE, IDENTIFICATION NUMBER, DATE OF PUBLICATION, PAGINATION, A BRIEF DESCRIPTION, AND PRICE ARE GIVEN FOR EACH OF THE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS AND AUDIOVISUAL AIDS INCLUDED IN THIS CATALOG. TOPICS COVERED ARE FIELD CORPS, HORTICULTURE, ANIMAL SCIENCE, SOILS, AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING, AND FARMING PROGRAMS. AN ORDER FORM IS INCLUDED. (JM)

Ohio Vocational Agriculture Instructional Materials Service, Columbus.

402

Guide to Instructional Videoconferencing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instructional videoconference (IVC) is an interactive delivery mechanism for long-distance communication and education, which uses 2-way audio and 1- or 2-way video to facilitate interaction between presenters and learners who are separated by significant distance. This guide, intended for the staff of federal, state, and local programs that…

Matthews, Denise; Reiss, John G.

403

Secondary Dance Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual provides guidelines for dance teachers in secondary schools. A brief statement is made on the purpose and philosophy of dance education, and activities and instructional suggestions are presented for various dance forms: (1) group dance--folk/ethnic, square dance, and social dance; (2) aerobic dance; (3) jazz dance; (4) modern dance;…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD. Dept. of Instructional Planning and Development.

404

Individualistic Instructional Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study proposes a new approach to the Instructional Design field. By the constructivism, education systems are moving from a massive structure to the more learner centered and more individualist structure. So far, ID field has adopted and digested the individualism notion partly. This paper proposes an individualistic approach to the…

Sahin, Mehmet Can

2007-01-01

405

Adult Learning and Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These eight conference papers discuss adult learning, instructional theory, and related issues in research and practice. Focusing on processes of educational change, the first paper considers how experienced teachers, educational theorists, and researchers possessing empirically tested knowledge can cooperate in program planning. The next paper…

Grabowski, Stanley M., Ed.

406

[Developmental Reading Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program, included in "Effective Reading Programs...," serves 2,400 junior high school students from middle- and low-income families. The program provides, for remedial purposes, one hour per day for instruction in reading, in addition to a period for language arts. Students' skill deficiencies are diagnosed at the beginning of the year with…

Waukegan Community Unit School District 60, IL.

407

Grammar Instruction and Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the research literature from the past 25 years has supported the importance of teaching grammar in the context of writing instruction (Calkins, 1980; DiStefano & Killion, 1984; Weaver, 1996,1998). Unlike other content areas, practice does not make perfect when learning grammar. While isolated drill and practice of grammatical concepts may…

Lacina, Jan

2005-01-01

408

Instructional Guidelines. Welding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the standards of the American Welding Society and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, this welding instructional guidelines manual presents a course of study in accordance with the current practices in industry. Intended for use in welding programs now practiced within the Federal Prison System, the phases of the program are…

Fordyce, H. L.; Doshier, Dale

409

Extrasensory perceptions' or instructions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiments in extra-sensory perception indicate that regardless of whether a large number of minds are trying to influence the judgments of a number of individuals or no mind is trying to influence such judgments, two psychological principles are effective: (1) the influence of the loading of the instructions, and (2) the tendency to avoid repetition of a judgment in a

S. W. Fernberger

1938-01-01

410

Strategies for Instructional Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning with the premise that all pupils can learn if given sufficient time and proper assistance, this paper discusses the efforts of East Orange Public School District (New Jersey) to develop a comprehensive system for improving school administrators' instructional leadership capabilities. The presentation's objectives are threefold: (1)…

Haig, T. Josiha

411

Principals as Instructional Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At some level, principals always have been instructional leaders--but never before has their role been more prominent. First, the accountability movement--No Child Left Behind (NCLB) in particular--thrust principals into the spotlight on academic achievement. Then budget cuts peeled away capacity at both the district and school levels, thinning…

Finkel, Ed

2012-01-01

412

Orwell's Instructive Errors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about George Orwell, his instructive errors, and the manner in which Orwell pierced worthless theory, faced facts and defended decency (with fluctuating success), and largely ignored the tradition of accumulated wisdom that has rendered him a timeless teacher--one whose inadvertent lessons, while infrequently…

Julian, Liam

2009-01-01

413

Psychologism and Instructional Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little of the work in critical and hermeneutical psychology has been linked to instructional technology (IT). This article provides a discussion in order to fill the gap in this direction. The article presents a brief genealogy of American IT in relation to the influence of psychology. It also provides a critical and hermeneutical framework for…

Gur, Bekir S.; Wiley, David A.

2009-01-01

414

Individualized Instruction and Unipacs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individualized instruction is an educational program in which grade levels and time units are designed to permit the student to work at his own pace and level with the use of unipacs. The unipac, a "unique package," is a specially designed group of learning activities based on specific behavioral objectives chosen by the student. Unipacs consist…

Kohut, Sylvester, Jr.

415

Instructional Technology. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue includes five articles that focus on implementing instructional technology in ways that benefit all students, including limited-English-proficient, minority, economically disadvantaged, and at-risk students. "Cruising the Web with English Language Learners" (Laura Chris Green) presents three scenarios using the World Wide Web in…

IDRA Newsletter, 1997

1997-01-01

416

Italienischunterricht (Italian Instruction).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Schulpraxis," a Swiss journal for language teaching, is devoted to Italian instruction in Switzerland. It includes: (1) an interpretation of the poem "Le morte chitarre" by Salvatore Quasimodo, conducted in a girls' school in German Switzerland, (2) a presentation of principles for an Italian textbook to be based on modern…

Moine, Virgile; And Others

1965-01-01

417

Inquiry-Guided Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Inquiry-guided instruction (IGI) has the potential to greatly enhance the learning experience for both educators and students. Although studies show the benefits of IGI, implementation presents its challenges. Issues include the balance of content material and the thought process, teaching strategies, and specific challenges of IGI in the lecture and laboratory formats.

Allen, Deedee; Oliver-Hoyo, Maria; Anderson, Misti

2004-05-01

418

Paratransit: An Instructional Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A concept-based introduction to paratransit is provided in this instructional module for undergraduate and graduate transportation-related courses for disciplines such as engineering, business, marketing, and technology. The concept of paratransit generally refers to modes of transportation other than mass transit and solo-driven automobiles. The…

Scalici, Anthony

419

Race, Instruction, and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To account for racial differences in learning, the report examines educational technology--the conditions and activities that constitute instruction--in three Chicago area school districts. Results show that black students are exposed to restricted learning opportunities because of district and school differences in the availability of…

Dreeben, Robert; Gamoran, Adam

1986-01-01

420

PREPARING INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PROGRAMED TEXT INCLUDES A SELF-TEST OF ITS CONTENTS AND DEMONSTRATES HOW TO SPECIFY INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES BY BEHAVIOR OBSERVABLE IN A LEARNER, AND HOW TO WRITE OBJECTIVES, DEFINE DESIRED TERMINAL BEHAVIOR, AND STATE CRITERIA OF SUCCESSFUL LEARNING. THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE FOR $1.75 FROM FEARON PUBLISHERS, INC., 2165 PARK BLVD., PALO…

MAGER, ROBERT F.

421

Health Instruction Packages: Injections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Text, illustrations, and exercises are utilized in this set of four learning modules designed to instruct nursing students in techniques and equipment utilized for intramuscular injections. The first module, "Equipment for Intramuscular Injections" by Ellie Dunkleman, presents guidelines for selecting needles of the proper length and gauge…

Dunkleman, Ellie; And Others

422

Alcohol Fuels. Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy developed as part of the descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas (see note). The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…

Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan

423

Instructional Planning Simulation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exercise simulates the planning of an instructional program for the second week of the sixth grade in an elementary school. The goal is to influence the planning so that the personal talents and interests of each member of the six person staff team will be best used in the planned activities. The six staff roles are senior instructor,…

Massachusetts Univ., Amherst. School of Education.

424

Tutored Videotape Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a new technique for using videotaped educational materials that could form an important part of a satellite based educational delivery system. The method uses videotapes of regular classroom courses for the instruction of small groups of remote students who are assisted by paraprofessional tutors. The method is called the…

Gibbons, James F.

425

ESL Reading Comprehension Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several techniques and strategies for teaching reading comprehension, which have already proved effective in first language reading instruction, may also be used when teaching English as second language. The techniques presented here address the following issues: (1) background knowledge; (2) textual analysis; (3) metacognition and strategy…

Miller, Leah D.; Perkins, Kyle

426

Philosophies of Reading Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are selected philosophies of reading instruction which are relevant in providing for individual differences among learners. These need to be studied in-depth by reading teachers in order to best provide for each pupil in the classroom. Pupils differ from each other in reading achievement, interests, and purposes, and it is a challenge to…

Ediger, Marlow

2013-01-01

427

Instructional design and authoring software  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the instructional design aspects of authoring software used to develop Computer Based Instruction (CBI)\\u000a programs. The significance of following good design principles for interactive instruction is emphasized. The nature of authoring\\u000a languages and authoring systems is discussed. A series of practical considerations in using authoring software and implications\\u000a for instructional design are described. Finally, needed developments in

Greg Kearsley

1984-01-01

428

Library Instruction: Principles, Theories, Connections, and Challenges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses principles of learning and instructional theories and relates them to instruction in academic library user education. Highlights include a conceptual approach, Gagne's hierarchical knowledge and instructional design, Merrill's instructional theory, Reigeluth's elaboration theory, Kolb's experiential learning, Perry's cognitive…

Piette, Mary I.

1995-01-01

429

Instructional Systems Study, Electronics Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of shortcomings in the traditional approach to instruction and learning at Waukesha County Technical Institute in Wisconsin, this research was conducted to determine the effectiveness of an alternate approach to instruction in electronics technology. The "Closed Loop Systems Approach to Instruction" developed for this study was derived…

Waukesha County Technical Inst., Waukesha, WI.

430

Individualized Prescribed Instruction: A Critique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning Research and Development Center at the University of Pittsburgh has adopted instructional material in elementary mathematics and reading that are designed for instructing the individual pupil. The program is known as Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) and has been widely acclaimed as an important breakthrough in education. This…

Fehrle, Carl C.

431

Using Video to Enhance Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of eight major sections in this report on the use of instructional video at the University of Washington focuses on the usefulness of video. The second section provides an overview of videotape and videodisc technology, and the third lists instructional goals which may be achieved through instructional video. Examples of the use of video…

Quigley, Brooke

432

Individualized Instruction Using Computer Techniques  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains how computer-based instructional techniques are being used to individualize general chemistry instruction. After describing the computer equipment and language used, author describes simulated experiments and computer programmed drill exercises. Outlines fifteen topics programmed for instruction. Comparisons were made between experimental…

Castleberry, S.; Lagowski, J. J.

1970-01-01

433

Instructional Design and Authoring Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores instructional design aspects of authoring software used to develop computer-assisted instruction; discusses nature of authoring languages and systems; describes instructional design implications and practical considerations in using authoring systems; and outlines needed developments in authoring software including intelligent tutoring…

Kearsley, Greg

1984-01-01

434

A Study in Instructional Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes television research findings and theories, discusses research problems, categorizes instructional television variables, defines and describes "task relatedness," and presents the results of a survey of instructional media professionals concerning their opinions on instructional television use and their reactions to the concept of task…

Dube, Catherine

1980-01-01

435

The Allegheny Educational Broadcast Council: Instructional Television in Central Pennsylvania.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Instructional Television (ITV) program evaluation interviews were conducted with administrators, teachers, and media specialists in a junior and a senior high school serviced by the Allegheny Educational Broadcast Council (AEBC). From these interviews, fa...

R. T. Hezel N. M. Neubert

1977-01-01

436

Development and application of a diagnostic instrument to evaluate grade-11 and -12 students' concepts of covalent bonding and structure following a course of instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article initially outlines a procedure used to develop a written diagnostic instrument to identify grade-11 and -12 students' misconceptions and misunderstandings of the chemistry topic covalent bonding and structure. The content to be taught was carefully defined through a concept map and propositional statements. Following instruction, student understanding of the topic was identified from interviews, student-drawn concept maps, and free-response questions. These data were used to produce 15 two-tier multiple-choice items where the first tier examined content knowledge and the second examined understanding of that knowledge in six conceptual areas, namely, bond polarity, molecular shape, polarity of molecules, lattices, intermolecular forces, and the octet rule. The diagnostic instrument was administered to a total of 243 grade-11 and -12 chemistry students and has a Cronbach alpha reliability of 0.73. Item difficulties ranged from 0.13 to 0.60; discrimination values ranged from 0.32 to 0.65. Each item was analyzed to ascertain student understanding of and identify misconceptions related to the concepts and propositional statements underlying covalent bonding and structure.

Peterson, Raymond F.; Treagust, David F.; Garnett, Patrick

437

Evaluation of a Theory of Instructional Sequences for Physics Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The background of the study is the theory of "basis models of teaching and learning", a comprehensive set of models of learning processes which includes, for example, learning through experience and problem-solving. The combined use of different models of learning processes has not been fully investigated and it is frequently not clear under what…

Wackermann, Rainer; Trendel, Georg; Fischer, Hans E.

2010-01-01

438

Evaluator's Guide for Microcomputer-Based Instructional Packages. Developed by MicroSIFT, a Project of the Computer Technology Program. Sixth Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide developed by MicroSIFT, a clearinghouse for microcomputer-based educational software and courseware, provides background information and forms to aid teachers and other educators in evaluating available microcomputer courseware. The evaluation process comprises six stages: (1) sifting, which screens out those programs that are not…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

439

An Evaluation of Pronunciation Teaching Content of "English for Palestine 10" and Related Teachers' Competency Level in Light of Current Instructional Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate pronunciation teaching with regard to an EFL multi-skills textbook ("English for Palestine 10"). The evaluation was intended to identify the extent to which pronunciation teaching content incorporated in" English for Palestine 10," in addition to the related teachers' competency level match current…

Al-Najjar, Rana Abdel-Rahman

2012-01-01

440

Learning from programmed instruction: Examining implications for modern instructional technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports a theoretical examination of several parallels between contemporary instructional technology (as manifest\\u000a in one of its most current manifestations, online learning) and one of its direct predecessors, programmed instruction. We\\u000a place particular focus on the unterlying assumptions of the two movements. Our analysis suggests that four assumptions that\\u000a contributed to the historical demise of programmed instruction—(a) ontological

Jason K. McDonald; Stephen C. Yanchar; Russell T. Osguthorpe

2005-01-01

441

Laboratory Instructional Practices Inventory: A Tool for Assessing the Transformation of Undergraduate Laboratory Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the process of working through evaluation of efforts to transform undergraduate laboratory experiences at our institution, we developed a protocol for observing laboratory learning environments that could be used in varying institutional contexts. We began using the Instructional Practices Inventory and found many strengths in this protocol but…

Sadler, Troy D.; Puig, Ana; Trutschel, Brian K.

2011-01-01

442

Using the ADDIE model in designing library instruction.  

PubMed

Librarians are increasingly placed in the role of instructor and are required to design and deliver effective instruction. This article highlights ADDIE, an instructional design model that librarians at Weill Cornell Medical College used to redesign an evidence-based medicine course taken by first-year medical students. The ADDIE model incorporates the five phases of analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. It was found that the application of ADDIE can result in instruction that focuses on learning outcomes relevant to students, meets students' needs, and facilitates active learning. PMID:23869632

Reinbold, Sarah

2013-01-01

443

Branch recovery with compiler-assisted multiple instruction retry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In processing systems where rapid recovery from transient faults is important, schemes for multiple instruction rollback recovery may be appropriate. Multiple instruction retry has been implemented in hardware by researchers and also in mainframe computers. This paper extends compiler-assisted instruction retry to a broad class of code execution failures. Five benchmarks were used to measure the performance penalty of hazard resolution. Results indicate that the enhanced pure software approach can produce performance penalties consistent with existing hardware techniques. A combined compiler/hardware resolution strategy is also described and evaluated. Experimental results indicate a lower performance penalty than with either a totally hardware or totally software approach.

Alewine, N. J.; Chen, S.-K.; Li, C.-C.; Fuchs, W. K.; Hwu, W.-M.

1992-01-01

444

Bibliographic Instruction Across the Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bibliographic instruction is steadily progressing across the curriculum at Chattanooga State Technical Community College. The major focus of instruction is in a core set of library skills taught through a sequence of required English courses rather than onc freshman English course. Supplementing the core program are classes integrated into developmental studies courses and instruction-on-demand classes in other collegc-level courses. This

Marcella Henry; Victoria Leather

1987-01-01

445

Cognitive style and instructional preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between learners' cognitive styles and their instructional preferences. The sample consisted of 240 business studies students at a UK university. Subjects' cognitive styles were assessed using theCognitive Styles Analysis (which assesses the wholist-analytical and verbaliser-imager dimensions of style) and their instructional preferences assessed using an instructional preferences inventory which consisted

Eugene Sadler-Smith; Richard Riding

1999-01-01

446

Future development of instructional television  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of television in schools as an aid to instruction is proposed for individualized instruction, repetition for slow learners, acceleration for fast learners, and lectures from the best teachers for all students. A dedicated school district cable system, a 40 channel cable to each school and classroom, is considered. This innovation offers an opportunity for improving the quality and content of the school's instruction and for reducing the cost.

Barnett, H. J.; Denzau, A. T.; Dumolin, J. R.; Singh, J. P.

1971-01-01

447

The equivalence of learning paths in early science instruction: effect of direct instruction and discovery learning.  

PubMed

In a study with 112 third- and fourth-grade children, we measured the relative effectiveness of discovery learning and direct instruction at two points in the learning process: (a) during the initial acquisition of the basic cognitive objective (a procedure for designing and interpreting simple, unconfounded experiments) and (b) during the subsequent transfer and application of this basic skill to more diffuse and authentic reasoning associated with the evaluation of science-fair posters. We found not only that many more children learned from direct instruction than from discovery learning, but also that when asked to make broader, richer scientific judgments, the many children who learned about experimental design from direct instruction performed as well as those few children who discovered the method on their own. These results challenge predictions derived from the presumed superiority of discovery approaches in teaching young children basic procedures for early scientific investigations. PMID:15447636

Klahr, David; Nigam, Milena

2004-10-01

448

Sheltered Instruction Techniques for ELLs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The suggestions described here to adapt instruction for English Language Learners (ELLs) are based on the concept of sheltered instruction , a model of language-support methods for instruction for ELLs derived primarily through the Sheltered Instruction Observational Protocol (SIOP) developed by Jana Echevarria, Mary Ellen Vogt, and Deborah Short (2007). While the SIOP model can address various levels of English language proficiency, students at the highest level of English language proficiency, students at the highest level of proficiency will understand the objectives better than those at the earliest stages of English acquisition.

Pray, Lisa; Monhardt, Rebecca

2009-03-01

449

The Impact of Instruction in the WWWDOT Framework on Students' Disposition and Ability to Evaluate Web Sites as Sources of Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much research has demonstrated that students are largely uncritical users of Web sites as sources of information. Research-tested frameworks are needed to increase elementary-age students' awareness of the need and ability to critically evaluate Web sites as sources of information. This study is a randomized field trial of such a framework called…

Zhang, Shenglan; Duke, Nell K.

2011-01-01

450

Improving Instruction through Supervision: Developing Supervisory Support for Teachers. E.S.E.A. Title IV-C. Final Evaluation Report, 1980-1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents results of the evaluation of a project designed to provide a support system for teachers in District of Columbia Schools. Under the project, teachers and administrators received training and practice in the clinical supervision process, which allowed them to help other teachers at the local level. The report is based on a…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Div. of Quality Assurance.

451

Reducing OLTP instruction misses with thread migration  

Microsoft Academic Search

During an instruction miss a processor is unable to fetch instructions. The more frequent instruction misses are the less able a modern processor is to find useful work to do and thus performance suffers. Online transaction processing (OLTP) suffers from high instruction miss rates since the instruction footprint of OLTP transactions does not fit in today's L1-I caches. However, modern

Islam Atta; Pinar Tözün; Anastasia Ailamaki; Andreas Moshovos

2012-01-01

452

Instructional Use of the Microcomputer: Personal Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the paper is to address the instructional use of the microcomputer at the community college level. Specific attention is given to two principal types of microcomputer instructional use: computer managed instruction and computer assisted instruction (CAI). Five computer managed instruction applications are discussed: (1) the word…

McDannold, Thomas A.

453

Individualized Instruction: Selected Elements, Programs, and Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This information package was developed by the Texas Information Service (TIS) to provide Texas educators with practical information on individualizing instruction. In addition to information on programs and practices, items on related concepts and instructional materials were included. The general contents of the package were divided into two…

Texas Information Service, Austin.

454

Becoming Instructional Leaders: Lessons Learned from Instructional Leadership Work Samples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on lessons learned from pre-service principals as they completed the Instructional Leadership Work Sample project and became instructional leaders. Data were collected from 150 participants over a four-semester time period. Teacher partners for the study were recruited from a variety of subject areas and from three…

Fulmer, Connie L.

2006-01-01

455

COMPUTER ADMINISTERED INSTRUCTION VERSUS TRADITIONALLY ADMINISTERED INSTRUCTION, ECONOMICS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN ATTEMPT IS MADE TO ASSESS THE ECONOMICS OF COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTION (CAI) VERSUS TRADITIONALLY ADMINISTERED INSTRUCTION (TAI) IN CONTROLLING THE STRUCTURE OF THE LEARNER'S STIMULUS ENVIRONMENT IN TEACHING AND TRAINING SITUATIONS. THERE IS A DISCUSSION OF THE NEED FOR A SOUND, OBJECTIVE ECONOMIC APPRAISAL OF THE VALUE TO SOCIETY OF…

KOPSTEIN, FELIX F.; SEIDEL, ROBERT J.

456

Direct Instruction Revisited: A Key Model for Instructional Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rooted in behavioral theory, particularly the radical or selectivist behaviorism of B.F. Skinner (1953, 1954, 1966, 1968, 1974), the direct instruction (DI) approach to teaching is now well into its third decade of influencing curriculum, instruction, and research. It is also in its third decade of controversy. Our purpose is to present the DI…

Magliaro, Susan G.; Lockee, Barbara B.; Burton, John K.

2005-01-01

457

Supplemental Instruction (SI) at the Faculty of Engineering (LTH), Lund University, Sweden. An evaluation of the SI-program at five LTH engineering programs autumn 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study presents an evaluation of the SI-program at five LTH engineering educations based on data from inquiries to SI-participants and SI-leaders, data on credits taken by the students during the first year, and average grade data from high-school for the first year-students. The results show that participation in SI-sessions markedly improves the chances of student success in studies during

Joakim Malm; Bryngfors Leif E; Lise-Lotte Mörner

2010-01-01

458

Reading Instruction for Struggling Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey conducted among approximately 1,400 students at 63 primary schools showed that learning gains for initial reading varied significantly for students in the last 6 months of Year 3. Learning gains turned out to be much higher in classes where students had received explicit or direct instruction, where instruction had been organized…

Houtveen, Thoni; van de Grift, Wim

2007-01-01

459

Science Instruction: An Endangered Species  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of the importance science plays in people's lives and society, it is perplexing to observe the minimal attention given to science instruction--especially in the elementary grades. Though some information presented here is not new, the authors' intent is to stimulate a dialogue about effective elementary science instruction by offering a…

Conderman, Greg; Woods, C. Sheldon

2008-01-01

460

Proactive Instructions for Furniture Assembly  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tennenhouse (1) coined the term proactive computing where humans get out of the interaction loop and may be serviced specically according to their needs and current situation. In this paper we propose a framework for proactive assembly instructions which aims to overcome limitations of today's printed and computer based instructions. By at- taching several computing devices and multiple sensors onto

Stavros Antifakos; Florian Michahelles; Bernt Schiele

2002-01-01

461

Learning Environments: An Instructional Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This self-instructional module includes learner objectives, text, practice exercises and answer sheets addressing developments in research on learning environments and why instructional technologists should take the lead in applying the resulting knowledge to the design of training areas. Favorable learning environments are described in general…

Wiley, Ann L.

462

Instructional Technologists Discovering, Sharing, Preparing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article identifies the instructional technology programs offered in the College of Education at East Carolina University. Additionally, this article briefly discusses technological and pedagogical factors that influence work pursued in the instructional technology field today, which leads to introductions of the articles in the issue. Lastly,…

Luterbach, Kenneth J.

2012-01-01

463

Instructional design for meaningful learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The instructional design and student learning literature is reviewed for guidelines for instruction which would encourage deep rather than surface learning. A taxonomy is presented which values student conceptions of key phenomena and skills for the self-discovery of knowledge as more important than the accumulation of information. Strategy elements suggested for the selection and sequencing of content, therefore, focus on

David Kember; Hung Horn

1991-01-01

464

Active Learning through Online Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the use of proper instructional techniques in online discussions that lead to meaningful learning. The research study looks at the effective use of two instructional techniques within online environments, based on qualitative measures. "Brainstorming" and "Six Thinking Hats" were selected and implemented through online…

Gulbahar, Yasemin; Kalelioglu, Filiz

2010-01-01

465

Getting Started on Improving Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a model with which to view the instructional process and the teaching activities within it. Presents a flow chart to aid information on improvement of instruction. Stresses the importance of viewing improvement as a continuous process and utilizing feedback. (SMB)

Lindenlaub, John C.; Russell, James D.

1980-01-01

466

Making Bio-Diesel Instructions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These lab instructions provide teachers with the information needed to set up a lab session to make a diesel fuel alternative from a biologically-based oil. Extensive instructions are provided. The guide may be downloaded in PDF file format. Users must create a free login to access the presentation.

Brown, Matthew

2013-07-09

467

LOGO Based Instruction in Geometry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this pretest-posttest Quasi-Experimental Design study was to determine the effects of LOGO Based Instruction (LBI) compared to instruction by teacher lecture and pencil-and-paper activities on: (1) students' understanding of the concepts of point, ray, line, and line segment; (2) students' attitudes toward learning geometry,…

Yusuf, Mian Muhammad

468

Inquiry-Discourse Mathematics Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Principles and Standards for School Mathematics" (NCTM 2000) proposes that mathematics instruction provide opportunities for students to engage in mathematical inquiry and in meaning-making through discourse. Mathematics teachers are encouraged to build on student discoveries in designing subsequent instruction. In this article, the author…

Manouchehri, Azita

2007-01-01

469

Arthur: A Personalized Instructional System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined whether there was a significant difference in learner outcomes from the use of Arthur (Gilbert & Han, 1999), a computer-based adaptive instructional system that provides personalized instruction to each learner. Found that Arthur does provide a significant difference in learner outcomes. (EV)

Gilbert, Juan E.; Han, C. Y.

2002-01-01

470

Instructional Technology: The Chinese Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the current state of instructional technology in Chinese universities. Topics discussed include organizational patterns in audiovisual centers; the use of various media, including film, videotapes, overhead projectors, and television; the use of technology in language instruction; audiovisual equipment and appropriate technology; and…

Miller, William F.

1989-01-01

471

The Economy of Explicit Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The risk posed by explicit instruction in composition is that the reduction of writing to stock moves and effective devices may diminish the writer's agency and guarantee reproduction of the teacher's. The advantage of explicit instruction is power: overt and recursive attention to selected strategies can help students imagine the public agency…

Kraemer, Don J.

2007-01-01

472

Achieving Excellence in Library Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The materials included in this document supporting library instruction are divided into two chapters. The first chapter contains bibliographies of instructional materials, professional periodicals, general reference tools, and religious reference tools. Throughout the bibliographies, the approximate cost of the materials is indicated by dollar…

Gilbert, Betty; And Others

473

Instructional Analysis for Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional analysis centers on identifying the skills, related knowledge, teacher activities, and student activities that are central to teaching various topics included in the core curriculum for health occupations courses. Addressed in the volume are the following instructional areas: first aid; medical terminology; medical asepsis;…

East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

474

Bibliography of Individualized Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction gives the rationale for individualized instruction, lists its advantages, outlines its history and current trends, discusses the role of the teacher in an individualized program, and reports on Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) programs developed at the Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburg. A…

Educational Research Council of America, Cleveland, OH.

475

Ten Myths of Reading Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the most damaging myths and misconceptions about reading instruction. The paper begins with what it considers the "most pernicious myth currently influencing reading instruction"--Learning to read is a natural process. Following this "Myth #1" are these myths: (2) Children will eventually learn to read if given enough time; (3)…

Wren, Sebastian

476

Instructional Strategies to Facilitate Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher behavior research has shown that teacher behaviors, as well as specific teaching strategies, make a difference with regard to student achievement. Ten durable instructional strategies are discussed: set induction, stimulus variation, reinforcement, questioning, recognizing attending behavior, lecturing or direct instruction, planned…

Lunenburg, Frederick C.; Irby, Beverly J.

2011-01-01

477

Feedback Procedures in Programed Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two experiments investigated the impact of immediate knowledge of a correct response (KCR) upon learning in programed instruction. The 356 subjects completed a programed lesson on myocardial infarction taught by means of the PLATO IV computer assisted instructional system. Subjects who received KCR after responding learned significantly more than…

Anderson, Richard C.; And Others

478

A Primer on Instructional Coaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pressure to improve the quality of instruction in schools may be higher today than at any other time in the history of U.S. education. To respond to this urgent demand, schools across the nation are hiring instructional coaches (ICs), even though there is little published research that shows what works and what does not work when it comes to…

Knight, Jim

2005-01-01

479

Benefits of Systematic Phonics Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Systematic-phonics instruction appears to be more effective than nonsystematic phonics instruction for teaching reading (Ehri, Nunes, Stahl, & Willows, 2001). In the present study, a systematic phonics approach was directly compared with a nonsystematic phonics approach for kindergarten children. Both approaches were delivered using computer…

de Graaff, Saskia; Bosman, Anna M. T.; Hasselman, Fred; Verhoeven, Ludo

2009-01-01

480

American Reading Instruction. Special Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First published in 1934 and updated in 1965 and 1986, Nila Banton Smith's "American Reading Instruction" has provided insight and historical perspective to reading instruction in the United States beginning with the colonial era. This "Special Edition" addresses such areas as theories and practical applications; established and emerging leaders in…

Smith, Nila Banton

481

Intelligent Frameworks for Instructional Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many researchers are attempting to develop automated instructional development systems to guide subject matter experts through the lengthy and difficult process of courseware development. Because the targeted users often lack instructional design expertise, a great deal of emphasis has been placed on the use of artificial intelligence (AI) to…

Spector, J. Michael; And Others

482

Library Dedicated to Laboratory Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Efforts to establish a library for laboratory instructional materials is being initiated by a group of concerned university educators. The main function of this library will be to collect descriptions of biological systems and supporting materials that are effective in laboratory instruction. Contributors are being solicited. (Author/MA)

BioScience, 1978

1978-01-01

483

Principles for Web-Based Instruction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis presents a set of principles for web-based instruction based on literature from instructional design, usability engineering, and human computer interaction. A questionnaire based on usability and instructional design attempts to show that in o...

E. I. Stefanyshyn

2001-01-01

484

Intelligent Educational Systems for Anchored Instruction?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the potential for using Intelligent Educational Systems (IES) for anchoring instruction in macro contexts in science education. Topics include anchored instruction; situated cognition; problem solving; cognitivism; interactive video environments; and examples of combining IES and anchored instruction. (LRW)

Kumar, David D.

1995-01-01

485

Veterinary Anatomy Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With one of the most well regarded veterinary schools in the United States, the University of Minnesota continues to break new ground in the training of new veterinarians. Of course, more and more of these training materials are finding their way to the web, and this site will be quite helpful to those persons with an interest in this particular field. Created by different faculty members, the materials here are categorized by the course they are most commonly associated with, such as gross anatomy or neurobiology. In the gross anatomy section, visitors will find materials that include a glossary of terms related to veterinary anatomy and dissections, animations that illustrate the major gaits of various quadrupeds, and the nervous system pathways of canines. The neurobiology section contains instructional materials that include information about brain dissection neuroanatomy and neurohistology.

486

Classical Language Instruction Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by Christian Wildberg at Princeton University, the Classical Language Instruction Project is designed to function as a resource for college undergraduates hoping to gain some insight into the pronunciation and elocution of ancient Greek and Latin. As the rationale for the Project states on the site: "There may be considerable debate among scholars about the most 'authentic' way to pronounce Greek or Latin; yet it is certain that the texts from the ancient world reflect a vivid and complex spoken language, not a lifeless code." With that in mind, the site features different classical scholars reading passages by a number of writers, including Homer, Plato, Virgil, Horace, Ovid, and Seneca. As the scholars read, students can follow along, view the passage in English, and pause the recording in order to develop an understanding of the text and its pronunciation. Finally, the site also includes a brief essay on rhythm and meter in Greek and Latin.

487

Veterinary Anatomy Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With one of the most well regarded veterinary schools in the United States, the University of Minnesota continues to break new ground in the training of new veterinarians on a regular basis. Of course, more and more of these training materials are finding their way to the web, and this site will be quite helpful to those persons with an interest in this particular field. Created by different faculty members, the materials here are categorized by the course they are most commonly associated with, such as gross anatomy or neurobiology. In the gross anatomy section, visitors will find materials that include a glossary of terms related to veterinary anatomy and dissections, animations that illustrate the major gaits of various quadrupeds, and the nervous system pathways of canines. The neurobiology section contains instructional materials that include information about brain dissection neuroanatomy and neurohistology.

2006-10-30

488

NASA Spacelink: Instructional Materials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Described as an aeronautics and space resource for education, NASA's Spacelink Web site contains several links including the Instructional Materials page. Basically an online clearinghouse for NASA supplied educational material, the page contains links to various material. Visitors will find categories that include NASA educational products; online educational activities; curriculum support; multimedia products including online slide shows, video tapes, and software; and national education standards. On the multimedia page, for example, educators can find links to interactive projects, NASA pictures and images, and a site that describes the basics of using Internet multimedia. This resource is a great way to locate and use the vast amount of material the space agency produces each year.

1969-12-31

489

Effects of Computer-Assisted Instruction on Correct Responding and Procedural Integrity during Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) is used to teach a variety of skills to children with developmental disabilities. However, it remains unclear whether CAI or direct instruction from a therapist produces better learning outcomes. In addition, no studies have evaluated the ease of training therapists to implement CAI versus direct instruction. In…

Kodak, Tiffany; Fisher, Wayne W.; Clements, Andrea; Bouxsein, Kelly J.

2011-01-01

490

Student Perceptions of University Physical Activity Instruction Courses Taught Utilizing Sport Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limited research exists on effective teaching methods in university physical activity instruction (PAI) program courses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate PAI courses taught utilizing a sport education curriculum and instructional model. The Individual Development and Educational Assessment (IDEA) teaching evaluation was administered to…

Mohr, Derek J.; Sibley, Benjamin A.; Townsend, J. Scott

2012-01-01

491

Development of a Form to Survey Student Reactions on Instructional Effectiveness of Lifetime Sports Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A form, which permits students to evaluate effectiveness of instruction in college lifetime sports courses, was developed and evaluated at Kansas State University. The form provides feedback to help teachers improve instructional methods and outcomes. Seven tables display study data. (Author/PP)

Noble, Larry; Cox, Richard H.

1983-01-01

492

What Factors Contribute to Better Instruction? Business Students Vs. Other Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student evaluations of instruction were factor analyzed to determine if students in the colleges of education, business, and engineering at Michigan State University varied in their perception of factors contributing to good instruction. The data base for the study consisted of evaluation forms that were processed during fall term, 1976, with a…

Wilson, Pamela A.; Wilson, Terry C.

493

Multilevel library instruction for emerging nursing roles.  

PubMed Central

As new nursing roles emerge that involve greater decision making than in the past, added responsibility for outcomes and cost control, and increased emphasis on primary care, the information-seeking skills needed by nurses change. A search of library and nursing literature indicates that there is little comprehensive library instruction covering all levels of nursing programs: undergraduate, returning registered nurses, and graduate students. The University of Florida is one of the few places that has such a multilevel, course-integrated curriculum in place for all entrants into the nursing program. Objectives have been developed for each stage of learning. The courses include instruction in the use of the online public access catalog, printed resources, and electronic databases. A library classroom equipped with the latest technology enables student interaction with electronic databases. This paper discusses the program and several methods used to evaluate it.

Francis, B W; Fisher, C C

1995-01-01

494

The development and evaluation of an adaptable computer aided instruction(CAI) program for acquiring problem solving skills in biochemistry on the WWW: The "BioChem Thinker".  

PubMed Central

BioChem Thinker is a CAI program that was developed to enhance problem solving skills and ability to integrate knowledge in biochemistry for medical and dental students. The program runs on a WWW browser. BioChem Thinker is adaptable, it enables the teacher to create a new problem solving assignment, or edit existing assignments without in-depth knowledge of computer programming. This provides teachers with greater independence and flexibility so as to be able to adapt the program to their own course requirements. The program was implemented and evaluated in the 3rd year biochemistry course of The Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School. The tool used to develop Biochem Thinker can be utilized to develop similar CAI in other biomedical areas.

Hershkovitz, B.

1997-01-01

495

A tool for assessing engagement in instructional contexts.  

PubMed

Engaging activities are enriching ones. To determine whether an instructional activity is engaging, it helps to divide an activity into separate domains, and to rate the activity for the degree to which it fosters engagement in each of the domains. A tool made up of six domains of instructional practice is described in this article, based on the literature of teacher-child interactions in classrooms. The tool's domains are: the challenge of the activity, level of implementation, quality of instructional discussion, quality of instructional feedback, and quality of procedural and substantive involvement. The tool is offered as a way to evaluate and enhance engagement of children in classroom interactions as well as of adults in clinical interactions. After examining samples of engagement taken from children in classroom activities according to this construct, the observational tool is then applied to the analysis of a therapy session involving an adult with aphasia. PMID:19145550

Mastergeorge, Ann M

2009-02-01

496

A modeling method for high school physics instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The design and development of a new method for high school physics instruction is described. Students are actively engaged in understanding the physical world by constructing and using scientific models to describe, explain, predict, and to control physical phenomena. Course content is organized around a small set of basic models. Instruction is organized into modeling cycles which move students systematically through all phases of model development, evaluation, and application in concrete situationsâ??thus developing skill and insight in the procedural aspects of scientific knowledge. Objective evidence shows that the modeling method can produce much larger gains in student understanding than alternative methods of instruction. This reveals limitations of the popular "cooperative inquiry" and "learning cycle" methods. It is concluded that the effectiveness of physics instruction depends heavily on the pedagogical expertise of the teacher. The problem of cultivating such expertise among high school teachers is discussed at length, with specific recommendations for action within the physics community.

Wells, Malcolm; Hestenes, David; Swackhamer, Gregg

2005-10-17

497

Mathematics Curriculum Evaluation Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present a framework for evaluating commercially developed mathematics programs. This framework is based on principles of instructional design derived from a Direct Instruction approach to education. Given the role that instructional programs play in the classroom, especially for teachers who have not been well prepared to teach…

Stein, Marcy; Kinder, Diane; Milchick, Sherry

2004-01-01

498

Community Quest Internship--Introduction to Curriculum and Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In lieu of the Curriculum and Instruction course, University of Hawaii education majors may serve as interns at Kailua High School's alternative program, Community Quest (CQ). Interns learn to design, implement, and evaluate curriculum. This article describes the CQ course and presents evaluative comments from some interns. (Author/SJL)

Yoshinaga, Carol

1979-01-01

499

The Instruction of Reading Comprehension. Technical Report No. 297.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in reading comprehension was reviewed in order to characterize, summarize, and evaluate its contribution to principles of instructional practice. Studies were divided into four major research traditions: existential descriptions, existential proofs, pedagogical experiments, and program evaluations. An examination of these four frameworks…

Pearson, P. David; Gallagher, Margaret C.

500

A Study of the Characteristics of Effective Individualized Instruction Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The characteristics of effective or successful individualized instructional programs were investigated. The work of other evaluators was reviewed and a series of screening criteria were applied in order to identify effective programs. Programs were selected from evaluation reports for their effectiveness and their "popularity." Information about…

Wright, Calvin E.; Kim, Yungho