Slocum, Timothy A.
Defines four broad roles of measurement in Direct Instruction. Describes how to make effective use of assessments that are integrated into Direct Instruction programs and how to plan and implement evaluation of the broad outcomes for Direct Instruction programs. Discusses assessment, evaluation, and validity; formative evaluation; summative…
Hiamtoe, Pitarn; Steinhardt, Florian; Köhler, Uwe; Bengler, Klaus
At present, the number of the vehicle requirements has been continuously increasing. These requirements can be related to the customer as well as the technical requirements. Among these, the "feeling of space" of the occupants inside the vehicles can be regarded as one of the most important factors. In this respect, the driver and passengers should be able to experience positive feeling of space inside the vehicle. There are numerous factors that can influence the sense of space inside the vehicle. These include geometry (vehicle dimensions), light exposure, ambient lights, colors, material selection and material surface. Depending on the selection, the sense of space can be dramatically influenced by these factors. In general, human feeling is subjective and cannot be measured by any instrument. The measure can nevertheless be carried out by utilizing the method of subjective evaluation. Throughout the experiments, the method of evaluation is developed and the factors which can influence the interior feeling are analyzed. In this process, psychological perception, architectural aspects and anthropometry are considered and knowledge from the other domains is transferred in the form of a multidisciplinary approach. The experiments with an aim to evaluate the overall sense of space in the vehicle are carried out based on the physical mock up of BMW 1 series (E87). The space perception with different interior dimensions and anthropometric data of test persons are also analyzed. The use of Computer Aided Technology was shown by CATIA V5, PCMAN and RAMSIS. The results show a good correlation between the subjective evaluation and the geometric values. PMID:22316731
Tuckman, Bruce Wayne
This book details a total approach to writing objectives, designing measuring instruments, performing objective comparisons, and avoiding pitfalls in conducting three types of instructional program evaluations. Chapters discuss issues, problems, and solutions in the following sequence: (1) an overview of instructional program evaluation; (2)…
Hardesty, Larry; And Others
Focuses primarily on summative evaluation of library-use instruction programs, using the development and results of a systematic assessment of such a program at DePauw University. Tabulated statistics and the evaluation instrument are provided. (Author/JD)
Using a combination of techniques to evaluate the Information Literacy Skills Program, University of Botswana, this study found that valuable information about the impact of instruction can be discovered through more open- ended questions. As well, Evaluating Library Instruction should be supplemented by additional methods of evaluation.
Rieck, William A.
Building level staff evaluation strategies for the purpose of improving instruction are presented. First, the philosophies of formative and summative evaluation are described. Formative evaluation is a nonjudgmental process, and summative evaluation provides for judgment with performance improvement recommendations. Next, six anxiety-reducing…
Cohen, Vicki L. Blum
In order to develop a systematic procedure for the evaluation and revision of educational software for microcomputers, a study was undertaken by the Educational Products Information Exchange (EPIE) Institute and the Microcomputer Resource Center at Columbia University to define the criteria that are needed to evaluate instructional microcomputer…
Techniques for Fast Instruction Cache Performance Evaluation DAVID B. WHALLEY Department of Computer Science B173, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, U.S.A. SUMMARY Cache performance of a cache design requires the evaluation of the performance of the cache for typical programs
Using a multi-method approach--student and faculty surveys and a comparison of bibliographies from senior nursing students--to evaluate the Information Literacy Skills Program at the University of Botswana, this study found that information about the impact of instruction can be discovered through more open-ended questions; the ALA's "Evaluating…
Perry, Dewayne E.
an introduction to BL and three years of case studies investigating the use of human subjects in evaluating e-students. In our studies we investigate human teachers' expectations of e-students and important differences complexity to human performance. KEYWORDS User Study, Evaluation, Instructable Computing, Electronic Student
Describes a systems development process to organize and report the data needed to prepare a microcomputer program for evaluating library instruction programs in high school libraries and media centers. A flow chart illustrating the sample program and seven references are included. (JL)
The primary purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the current science education software measures up to the national science literacy standards as specified by the AAAS. The usability of software was also assessed. A sample of ten widely used middle and high school science instruction CD-ROMs was chosen from a sampling frame comprising 17 bestsellers and 30 highly recommended software packages. The study used a five-step analysis and rating procedure derived closely from the one developed by the AAAS's Project 2061 for analyzing the content and pedagogy of widely used science textbooks. Each was also rated on a checklist of 20 usability criteria that were compiled from prior research on design, usability, and interactiveness of instructional software. The results indicate that an average of about 25% of a CD-ROM's content (which includes either text, graphics, or exercises, or a combination of any or all of these) addressed the AAAS benchmarks of science literacy, but anywhere from 12--45% of this content was found to address benchmarks for lower grades than those that the CD-ROM was claimed to target. Much of remaining content addressing the benchmarks did so only partially. Thus, overall, there was poor alignment with the benchmarks. The sample failed to meet pedagogical criteria associated with attending to students' pre-existing knowledge, ideas, and skills; assessing students' progress vis-a-vis the goals of the lesson on the CD-ROM; and promoting students' thinking and reflection about what they have learned. The CD-ROMs scored satisfactory to excellent on criteria associated with providing relevant and varied experiences with scientific phenomena and effective and meaningful representation of scientific terms and ideas. The sample scored satisfactorily on all usability criteria except on some design and interface matters. Popular CD-ROMs lack of alignment with the AAAS science standards may be due to laxness on the part of developers, a general lack of alignment in other resource materials (e.g., science textbooks), or to low budgets for development. Buyers of science education software (school district officials, teachers, parents, and students) will need to judiciously invest in this technology if they want it to facilitate the priorities set by AAAS for science learning.
The position paper on the evaluation of instructional materials by the Michigan State University Regional Instructional Materials Center for Handicapped Children and Youth (IMC HCY) examines the professional and ethical dilemmas of evaluation and presents evaluation policies of the center. Evaluated by a roster of field evaluators throughout the…
Skubik-Peplaski, Camille; Howell, Dana; Harrison, Anne
This descriptive case study illustrates the experiences of a 55-year-old male with a chronic disability resulting from a stroke, living in the community and a clinician's trial using occupation-based interventions predominately in a rehabilitation setting. The participant engaged in occupation-based interventions three times a week for 5 weeks guided by the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM). Data were collected through semi-structured interviews during the intervention sessions and journal entries made by the therapist. Results suggested occupation-based interventions facilitated a transformation for both the client and the therapist by enhancing the participant's occupational performance and the ability to resume previous roles. The therapist's belief in the power and value of occupation-based practice was reinforced and validated, particularly in the rehabilitation of an individual with chronic stroke. PMID:24867352
Englert, DuWayne C.; And Others
Describes the collection and analysis of summative data for a slide/tape self-instruction program on an introductory zoology course. Points of concern regarding curricular changes, teaching assistant training, student use, student performance evaluation, development, and revision are discussed from their unique perspectives within the summative…
Ilgen-Lieth, Marya; Hazen, Margret
Focuses on the first of three stages of the path evaluation procedure for instructional software, performing the preliminary evaluation. The three main steps involved in preliminary evaluation are (1) a program is chosen for evaluation; (2) information is exchanged with the faculty developer; and (3) the instructional designer reviews the software…
Lee, Cheng-Yuan; Cherner, Todd Sloan
There is a pressing need for an evaluation rubric that examines all aspects of educational apps designed for instructional purposes. In past decades, many rubrics have been developed for evaluating educational computer-based programs; however, rubrics designed for evaluating the instructional implications of educational apps are scarce. When an…
Armstrong, Jenny R., Ed.
Described is a generalized model for the evaluation of instructional materials and media designed to be usable by the Instructional Materials Centers/Regional Media Centers/Regional Resource Centers Network. The model is described as a guide to the inclusion of the critical elements in an evaluation problem situation. Discussed are a system for…
Branch, Robert M.; Kim, Dohun; Koenecke, Lynne
This digest is intended to help teachers select good resources to use in their instruction by providing a checklist to evaluate online educational materials. The following major topic areas to consider when evaluating World Wide Web-based materials for use in instructional settings, as well as sub-questions in each area, are outlined: (1) Judge…
Lipman, Jeanne E.
The Automated Instruction Shorthand System is a multi-sensory instructional program that conditions the rapid recall of Gregg symbols. The system is designed to allow students to succeed at a speed that is most comfortable to his/her abilities in the expectation that individualization will increase motivation and reduce the rate of attrition in…
Heck, William P.; And Others
This document presents guidelines for evaluating computerized instructional materials. Included are reference sources, suggestions for evaluation criteria, guidelines for both software and documentation evaluation, and forms that can be used in the evaluation process. Five separately labeled reference lists contain citations for approximately 100…
Weinberg, Bruce A.; Fleisher, Belton M.; Hashimoto, Masanori
This paper studies methods for evaluating instruction in higher education. We explore student evaluations of instruction and a variety of alternatives. We develop a simple model to illustrate the biases inherent in student evaluations. Measuring learning using grades in future courses, we show that student evaluations are positively related to…
Parer, Michael S.
Though instructional development models stress the importance of formative evaluation, techniques for the formal evaluation of video tape programs remain primitive. The attention, attitude, and adoption levels achieved can be assessed by use of the following evaluation instruments: (1) expert appraisal of script; (2) special questionnaires; (3)…
Bedient, Douglas; And Others
Steps used in the formative evaluation of a project designed to incorporate self-instructional materials in an introductory zoology course included techniques which: (1) involved colleagues in the material development; (2) assessed relevant student characteristics, expectations, and evaluations; and (3) were used in the examinations. (MBR)
Examines the preliminary evaluation of self-instructional material in physiology designed as remedial work by medical students. The materials are now used by science, veterinary, dental, and postgraduate medical students and have been distributed to 20 countries. Evaluation results indicate the materials are effective methods of study.
Wilson, Michael J.
A model is proposed that describes assessment-evaluation as practiced in instruction as a cycle. The model addresses consequences as an important culminating step in each assessment-evaluation cycle, so that the success of each cycle depends on the conceptualization and its ultimate consistency with the consequences associated with each cycle. The…
Chriss Stephens; Bryce Cogswell; John Heinlein; Gregory Palmer; John P. Shen
This paper reports preliminary results from using goblin, a new instruction level profiling system, to evaluate the IBM RISC System\\/6000 architecture. The evaluation presented is based on the SPEC benchmark suite. Each SPEC program (except gcc) is processed by goblin to produce an instrumented version. During execution of the instrumented program, profiling routines are invoked which trace the execution of
Fast Instruction Cache Performance Evaluation Using CompileTime Analysis DAVID B. WHALLEY Department of Computer Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, U.S.A. SUMMARY Cache of a cache design requires the evaluation of the performance of the cache for typical programs
ChanLin, Lih-Juan; Okey, James R.
Traditional formative evaluation of computer assisted instruction (CAI) products has focused on assessing learner achievement of objectives and the inferential use of this information to make revisions. A more comprehensive approach to formative evaluation includes traditional learner achievement assessment but adds assessments of the development…
Findley, Dale; Estabrook, Robert
Teacher evaluation should consider the curriculum element; that is, teachers should be evaluated in terms of making clear what content they want students to learn and at what level of function they want the content handled. Guidelines are suggested for conducting the evaluation and for evaluating the evaluation process. (SM)
Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2008
The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 82,806 surveys were sent out in 4,830 envelopes; 52,464 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 63% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…
Keeley, Jared W.; English, Taylor; Irons, Jessica; Henslee, Amber M.
Many measurement biases affect student evaluations of instruction (SEIs). However, two have been relatively understudied: halo effects and ceiling/floor effects. This study examined these effects in two ways. To examine the halo effect, using a videotaped lecture, we manipulated specific teacher behaviors to be "good" or "bad"…
Welsh, William A.
Adaptive Evaluation Structure (AES) is a set of linked computer programs designed to increase the effectiveness of interactive computer-assisted instruction at the college level. The package has four major features, the first of which is based on a prior cognitive inventory and on the accuracy and pace of student responses. AES adjusts materials…
Mohanty, Ganesh; Gretes, John; Flowers, Claudia; Algozzine, Bob; Spooner, Fred
Student evaluation of instruction in college and university courses has been a routine and mandatory part of undergraduate and graduate education for some time. A major shortcoming of the process is that it often relies exclusively on the opinions or qualitative judgments of students rather than the learning or transfer of knowledge that takes…
This guide presents a cooperative appraisal plan for evaluating educators, and thereby improving instruction. The plan is based on identifying specific job targets as a way to meet the needs of the educators and their students. Educators on every level would work to describe their job responsibilities, pinpoint areas that need improvement, design…
Jacobs, Paul I.; And Others
Evaluation of self-instructional programs calls for a practical procedure which is consistent with the available information from scientific research studies and field reports. In order to aid teachers, principals, curriculum specialists, and other school administrators who may be unacquainted with the area, this book begins its development of a…
Hullet, Craig R.; Mitra, Ananda
It is argued that there are three critical aspects to the evaluation of computer aided instruction (CAI): (1) determining the predisposition of users toward CAI; (2) technographics and demographics of the students; and (3) the situatedness of the CAI application. Data from three studies with college students illustrate the importance of all three…
Washington, N.; Parnianpour, M.; Fraser, J. M.
Describes the Biomechanics Tutorial, a computer-aided instructional tool that was developed at Ohio State University to expedite the transition from lecture to application for undergraduate students. Reports evaluation results that used statistical analyses and student questionnaires to show improved performance on posttests as well as positive…
Funk, Kenneth; And Others
Evaluated the use of computer assisted instruction in teaching Fortran 77 in the College of Engineering at Oregon State University. Also investigated the effect of such factors as mathematics and computer programming background on student performance in an introductory programming course sequence. (JN)
Liang, Guodong; Akiba, Motoko
Using statewide longitudinal teacher survey data collected in 2009 and 2010, this study examined the characteristics of teacher evaluation used to determine performance-related pay (PRP), and the association between PRP and improvement in the practice of constructivist instruction. The study found that 10.9% of middle school mathematics teachers…
Nargundkar, Satish; Shrikhande, Milind
Student Evaluations of Instruction (SEIs) from about 6,000 sections over 4 years representing over 100,000 students at the college of business at a large public university are analyzed, to study the impact of noninstructional factors on student ratings. Administrative factors like semester, time of day, location, and instructor attributes like…
Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2011
The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 123,461 surveys were sent out in 5,516 envelopes; 86,998 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 97.0%. The instructors' reports were provided to academic,…
Feinberg, S. G.
The effectiveness of the case method as an instructional technique in improving technical writing was evaluated. The development of a self-report instrument that attempts to measure changes in attitude toward technical communication and the presentation results change are the purpose of this paper. Standards for developing a case set forth by Goldstein and Couture, were used to design an evaluation instrument to measure the effect instruction on student attitude toward technical communication. This self-report instrument is based on model developed and tested by Daly and Miller who studied writer attitude and apprehension toward writing. It was the most important objective of any evaluation is to provide information for improving the program.
Imonikebe, Manasseh Emamoke
Evaluation and instruction play very important roles in curriculum implementation. As a result, the two concepts are often enshrined in the curriculum document. This article therefore examined the Visual Arts curriculum and its relationship with evaluation and instruction. Furthermore, the roles of Evaluation and Instruction in curriculum planning…
Holdheide, Lynn R.; Hayes, Lindsey; Goe, Laura
In most states, educator evaluation systems are moving toward more frequent and focused evaluations that include educators' contributions to student outcomes such as learning growth. Many states include "Specialized Instructional Support Personnel" (SISP) in their educator evaluation systems, but the measures and methods used to evaluate…
Van Dessel, Pieter; De Houwer, Jan; Gast, Anne; Tucker Smith, Colin
Prior research suggests that repeatedly approaching or avoiding a certain stimulus changes the liking of this stimulus. We investigated whether these effects of approach and avoidance training occur also when participants do not perform these actions but are merely instructed about the stimulus-action contingencies. Stimulus evaluations were registered using both implicit (Implicit Association Test and evaluative priming) and explicit measures (valence ratings). Instruction-based approach-avoidance effects were observed for relatively neutral fictitious social groups (i.e., Niffites and Luupites), but not for clearly valenced well-known social groups (i.e., Blacks and Whites). We conclude that instructions to approach or avoid stimuli can provide sufficient bases for establishing both implicit and explicit evaluations of novel stimuli and discuss several possible reasons for why similar instruction-based approach-avoidance effects were not found for valenced well-known stimuli. PMID:25516008
Crowther, Michael S.; Keller, Chris C.; Waddoups, Gregory L.
Brigham Young University's Center for Instructional Design (CID) creates online courses and multimedia instructional applications for university faculty. This paper asserts that including usability testing as a part of evaluation improves the quality and effectiveness of computer-mediated instruction. The paper describes the fundamental purpose…
Billingham, Carol; Harper, William
Describes the instructional development of two related courses: Managerial Finance, a personalized system of instruction; and Finance, Learning Theories, and Practices, a practicum. Student evaluations of both courses were conducted, focusing on student tutors and the systems of instruction. (VT)
...Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation. 300.302 Section 300.302 ...EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations, Individualized...Programs, and Educational Placements Evaluations and Reevaluations § 300.302...
...Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation. 300.302 Section 300.302 ...EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations, Individualized...Programs, and Educational Placements Evaluations and Reevaluations § 300.302...
Hewitt, Michael P.
The author sought to determine whether self-evaluation instruction had an impact on student self-evaluation, music performance, and self-evaluation accuracy of music performance among middle school instrumentalists. Participants (N = 211) were students at a private middle school located in a metropolitan area of a mid-Atlantic state. Students in…
Heal, Nicole A; Hanley, Gregory P
Preschool teachers rely on several strategies for motivating children to participate in learning activities. In the current study, we evaluated the effectiveness of and preference for three teaching contexts in which embedded, sequential, or no programmed reinforcement was arranged. The embedded context included highly preferred teaching materials, the sequential context included highly preferred edible items for correct responding, and a control context included neither. In addition, an exclusively play-oriented activity was included as a fourth option to determine if one of the direct teaching contexts could compete with a relatively unstructured and exclusively child-led activity. All participants preferred the sequential context (use of high-quality consequences) over the embedded context (use of high-quality teaching materials), 2 of the 4 participants preferred some motivational system to none at all, and the play area was selected over all variants of the instructional contexts during the majority of trials. We found either no or small differences in correct responding in the different instructional contexts; however, rates of undesirable behavior were highest in the least preferred interaction area for 3 of the 4 participants. Implications for the design of effective and preferred teaching environments for young children are discussed. PMID:17624066
Hart, Jerry Lee
This document suggests a management plan for replacing fixed salary schedules for teachers with a pay structure based on student productivity. The plan is more a conceptual process of attacking the problem, rather than the resolved finality of a specific plan. The instructional objectives, the accomplishment evaluation, and the subsequent amount…
Attala, Emile E.; Howard, James A.
Very little work has been done in the broad field of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) to exploring the use of a minicomputer as another learning resource in the instructional process. Accordingly a cost-effective Learning Resource Aided Instruction (LRAI) System centered around a Data General NOVA minicomputer augmented with slide…
Cerpa, Alberto E.
Occupancy Based Demand Response HVAC Control Strategy Varick L. Erickson University of California an efficient demand response HVAC control strategy, actual room usage must be considered. Temperature and CO2 are used for simulations but not for predictive demand response strategies. In this paper, we develop
Cerpa, Alberto E.
POEM: Power-efficient Occupancy-based Energy Management System Varick L. Erickson Elect. Eng are then fused with an occupancy prediction model us- ing a particle filter in order to determine the most consump- tion and 72% of electricity. Of this total, 50% of the energy consumed in buildings is used
Occupancy Based Map Searching Using Heterogeneous Teams of Autonomous Vehicles Christopher W. Lum for searching using a team of heterogeneous autonomous vehicles. The team members maintain a world model which, Rolf T. Rysdyk, and Anawat Pongpunwattana Autonomous Flight Systems Laboratory University
MERKEL, SUSAN M.; WALMAN, LAURA B.; LEVENTHAL, JEREMY S.
There has been a tremendous increase in the availability of computer-based instructional (CBI) materials. Some studies have shown an improvement in learning when CBI is used. However, many researchers believe the current studies are inadequate. While CBI software should be thoroughly tested by developers, as educators, we should be concerned about whether or not the CBI materials we use are improving learning in our classrooms with our students. We present an evaluation of a computer-based hypermedia tutorial that was delivered over our General Microbiology website. We found that CBI was at least as effective as text-based material. However, of all students who used CBI, only those who explored most of the site benefited from using the site. Tracking each student’s use of the CBI was critical for understanding who was learning and why. PMID:23653534
State Univ. of New York, Farmingdale. Agricultural and Technical Coll.
A programmed instruction course was developed, consisting of fifteen experiments encompassing eleven separate pieces of equipment operational in a solar and energy conservation lab. The programmed instruction manual for the lab was evaluated and revised during a workshop. This evaluation indicated that both the lab and manual are valuable tools…
Fletcher, O. J.; Welser, J. R.
Seven multi-media instructional programs were evaluated on the basis of test scores, student attitudes, program preparation time, and cost of materials. Programs ranked best were videotape with 35mm slides, programmed instruction with 35mm slides, and Self-Evaluation Test only. (JT)
Gersten, Russell; Carnine, Douglas
The results from the longitudinal evaluation of over 2000 low income students involved in the Direct Instruction Follow Through Project between kindergarten and third grade are reviewed. Of the ten major education approaches evaluated, students in the Direct Instruction model performed highest in all areas of Math: (1) Computations (66%…
Zhao, Jing; Gallant, Dorinda J.
Many personnel committees at colleges and universities in the USA use student evaluation of faculty instruction to make decisions regarding tenure, promotion, merit pay or faculty professional development. This study examines the construct validity and internal consistency reliability of the student evaluation of instruction (SEI) used at a large…
Lamberg, Walter J.
The purpose of this article is to suggest the value of a research tool which has rarely been used in studies in instruction in writing: baseline measurement of group and individual performances. This approach was used in examining the results of a study of a self-instructional program in narrative writing which was prepared for and tested by…
Harmon, Francis L.
From a review of relevant literature and conference reports, guidelines were prepared for assessing the value of automated instructional materials. Major points included: (1) a definition of automated instruction; (2) a comparison of Skinner and Crowder methods; (3) benefits of automation; (4) general sources of automated materials; (5) benefits…
Scott, Roger O.
To aid in evaluating the First Year Communication Skills Program (FYCSP) and the Instructional Concepts Program (ICP) several tests were administered to two classes of kindergarten children. The objectives of the ICP were based on concepts that children would be expected to know when they entered the primary grades. The Instructional Concepts Test…
Carroll, Regina A.; Kodak, Tiffany; Fisher, Wayne W.
This study evaluated the effects of programmed treatment-integrity errors on skill acquisition for children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during discrete-trial instruction (DTI). In Study 1, we identified common treatment-integrity errors that occur during academic instruction in schools. In Study 2, we simultaneously manipulated 3…
Sampson, Victor; Grooms, Jonathon
This article describes an instructional model that science teachers can use to promote and support student engagement in scientific argumentation. This model is called the evaluate-alternatives instructional model and it is grounded in current research on argumentation in science education (e.g., Berland and Reiser 2009; McNeill and Krajcik 2006;…
Lamiaa S. Youssef
This article summarizes a case study that examines the use of a course-integrated model in the formative evaluation of instruction. Through informal yet structured questionnaires, learning journals, and classroom assessment techniques, student feedback is collected on a regular basis to help the instructor monitor the effectiveness of instruction and the quality of the learning environment. The article focuses on reporting
Lamiaa S. Youssef
This article summarizes a case study that examines the use of a course-integrated model in the formative evaluation of instruction. Through informal yet structured questionnaires, learning journals, and classroom assessment techniques, student feedback is collected on a regular basis to help the instructor monitor the effectiveness of instruction and the quality of the learning environment. The article focuses on reporting
Elliott, Stephen N.; Roach, Andrew T.; Kurz, Alexander
We describe the concept of a dynamic instructional practices portfolio to evaluate special education teachers. This portfolio features the My Instructional Learning Opportunities Guidance System (MyiLOGS) as the core component. MyiLOGS is an online, daily self-report measure of opportunity to learn (OTL) that provides detailed information on…
O'Hare, John M.
Though campus principals must take on many leadership roles, their primary responsibility is to facilitate effective teaching and learning with the overall mission of enhancing student achievement. One way to provide instructional leadership is to evaluate and select effective instructional programs that align with campus goals of improving…
of columns and rows, respectively, of occupancy based map (1) Subproblem of creating future world state value of occupancy based map xw(k, z) Actual state of the world at time step k and location z ResearchA Modular Algorithm for Exhaustive Map Searching Using Occupancy Based Maps Christopher W. Lum
Bober, Christopher; And Others
This study reviews the literature on the evaluation of bibliographic instruction in academic libraries from 1980 to 1993. Four main issues are discussed: (1) the reasons why librarians are evaluating; (2) to what degree they are evaluating; (3) what specific aspects they are evaluating; and (4) which methodologies are being used. Contains 89…
Sherry, Annette C.
This evaluative case study examines the learning experiences of graduate students studying effective multimedia authoring. Continuum-based instructional design, behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, collaboration, the role of a matrix, transfer of training, and qualitative and quantitative results are discussed. (LRW)
Wills, Celia E.; Stommel, Manfred; Simmons, Michael
Describes a master's-level nursing research course taught entirely online, including instructional design considerations (faculty commitments, technical issues, library resources, intellectual property), process (student expectations, participation), and evaluation design. (SK)
Core, Brandon Heath
The purpose of this study was to advance our understanding of the original legislative intents of the Instructional Facilities Allotment (IFA) and to evaluate the IFA policy in achieving its goals. The study seeks to identify the original...
This article describes an instructional model that science teachers can use to promote and support student engagement in scientific argumentation. This model is called the evaluate-alternatives instructional model and it is grounded in current research on
Park, Hae Yean; Maitra, Kinsuk; Martinez, Kristina Marie
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability among people younger than 35 years in the United States. Cognitive difficulty is a common consequence of TBI. To address cognitive deficits of patients with TBI, various cognitive rehabilitation approaches have been used for the clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to investigate the overall effect of occupation-based cognitive rehabilitation on patients' improvement in cognitive performance components, activity of daily living (ADL) performance, and values, beliefs and spirituality functions of patients with TBI. The papers used in this study were retrieved from the Cochrane Database, EBSCO (CINAHL), PsycINFO, PubMed and Web of Science published between 1997 and 2014. The keywords for searching were cognitive, rehabilitation, occupation, memory, attention, problem-solving, executive function, ADL, values, beliefs, spirituality, randomized controlled trials and TBI. For the meta-analysis, we examined 60 effect sizes from nine studies that are related to the occupation-based cognitive rehabilitation on persons with TBI. In persons with TBI, overall mental functions, ADL, and values, beliefs and spirituality were significantly improved in the groups that received occupation-based cognitive rehabilitation compared with comparison groups (mean d = 0.19, p < .05). Evidence from the present meta-analytic study suggests that occupation-based cognitive rehabilitation would be beneficial for individuals with TBI for improving daily functioning and positively be able to affect their psychosocial functions. Collecting many outcome measures in studies with relatively few participants and the final data are less reliable than the whole instrument itself. Future research should evaluate the effectiveness of specific occupation-based cognitive rehabilitations programmes in order to improve consistency among rehabilitation providers. PMID:25808426
California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Curriculum Framework and Instructional Materials Unit.
The purpose of this document is to provide reasonable, systematic standards for evaluation of instructional materials upon which evaluators may base their judgments, so that the results of the evaluation process will be as nearly consistent and therefore, as equitable, as possible. The guidelines are based on the social content requirements of the…
Stowell, Jeffrey R.; Addison, William E.; Smith, Jennifer L.
In recent years, colleges have been moving from traditional, classroom-based student evaluations of instruction to online evaluations. Because of the importance of these evaluations in decisions regarding retention, promotion and tenure, instructors are justifiably concerned about how this trend might affect their ratings. We recruited faculty…
Deale, Deb; Pastore, Ray
This study uses theory-based design principles to evaluate the effectiveness of an instructional simulation, simSchool. It begins by examining the simulation and evaluation literature, followed by an evaluation of the simSchool software. It is a Web-based simulation designed to emulate various students (reactions) in order to provide practice for…
Ingram, Albert L.
Web server logs contain a great deal of information about who uses a Web site and how they use it. This article discusses the analysis of Web logs for instructional Web sites; reviews the data stored in most Web server logs; demonstrates what further information can be gleaned from the logs; and discusses analyzing that information for the…
Paulson, James A.
Three different strategies of choosing items for presentation in a simple list learning situation are compared. The instructional task was to teach the correct response to a number of stimulus items, using a paired-associate teaching procedure. Only one item could be presented on a given trial and the total number of trials was limited. The…
Gamon, Julia A.; Shih, Ching-Chun; Wu, Chia-Hsing
In Iowa high schools using instructional materials on total quality management (TQM) livestock practices, 1,099 students (68%) responded to a survey; 732 in a one-year follow-up. Females rated their use of TQM practices higher; 10th and 11th graders had higher ratings than 12th graders. Difficulties in survey administration suggested that…
Stephenson, Kasey M.; Hanley, Gregory P.
"Compliance" is often used to describe a situation in which a child completes instructions from adults, and low levels of compliance are a common teacher concern. We conducted a descriptive assessment that showed that compliance was relatively stable for individual children, variable across children, and positively correlated with age. The impact…
Leshowitz, Barry; DiCerbo, Kristen Eignor; Okun, Morris A.
Describes an instructional program focusing on the application of causal reasoning and related principles of the scientific method to problems that occur in daily life. Reports the results of a capstone exercise that investigated the changes in students' beliefs towards legalization of marijuana after reading persuasive communications. (CMK)
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn. Office of Educational Assessment.
In 1983-84, the second and final year of funding, Project CRIP (Comprehensive Russian Instructional Program) provided career orientation and support services to 430 Russian-speaking student of limited English proficiency (LEP) at three public and four private high schools in Brooklyn and Queens, New York. All of the students were foreign-born and…
Gropper, George L.
Proliferation of prescriptive models in an "engineering" field is not a sign of its maturity. Quite the opposite. Materials engineering, for example, meets the criterion of parsimony. Sadly, the very large number of models in "instructional design," putatively an engineering field, raises questions about its status. Can the…
Ayres, James W.; And Others
The instructional effectiveness of two different presentation methods (lecture and self-paced or modularized) was examined using two groups of pharmacy students. Little or no difference was found in this study of junior and senior students at Oregon State University. (LBH)
Herriot, Anne M.; Bishop, Jacki A.; Kelly, Mary; Murphy, Margaret; Truby, Helen
Nine second-year and six final-year nursing students completed a questionnaire and participated in focus groups about STEP-DIET, a computer-based dietetics instructional tool. Students liked the design and content, perceived increased nutritional knowledge and understanding of dietitians' role. However, they were reluctant to accept…
Anderson, A. Duane; Bickley, Harmon C.
To accomodate the increased need for pathology in pharmaceutical education, the University of Wyoming School of Pharmacy has modified its instructional program, presented according to Keller's PSI method. Students take a course that integrates basic anatomic pathology with the fundamental concepts of clinical laboratory technique. (LBH)
Describes the development of an instructional technology-based training course for a Hewlett Packard manufacturing plant. The environment, an appropriately trained staff, and a development strategy with measurable goals are discussed; a comparison of conventional training with self-paced courseware is described; and learning effectiveness and…
Young, Kristen L.; Boris, Ashley L.; Thomson, Kendra M.; Martin, Garry L.; Yu, C. T.
The purpose of this research was to evaluate a self-instructional package (Fazzio & Martin, 2007) to train parents of children with autism to conduct discrete-trials teaching (DTT). In Study 1, we investigated the effectiveness of a self-instructional manual and a self-instructional video for teaching five parents of children with autism to…
Chariker, Julia H.; Naaz, Farah; Pani, John R.
This article reports large item effects in a study of computer-based learning of neuroanatomy. Outcome measures of the efficiency of learning, transfer of learning, and generalization of knowledge diverged by a wide margin across test items, with certain sets of items emerging as particularly difficult to master. In addition, the outcomes of comparisons between instructional methods changed with the difficulty of the items to be learned. More challenging items better differentiated between instructional methods. This set of results is important for two reasons. First, it suggests that instruction may be more efficient if sets of consistently difficult items are the targets of instructional methods particularly suited to them. Second, there is wide variation in the published literature regarding the outcomes of empirical evaluations of computer-based instruction. As a consequence, many questions arise as to the factors that may affect such evaluations. The present paper demonstrates that the level of challenge in the material that is presented to learners is an important factor to consider in the evaluation of a computer-based instructional system. PMID:22231801
This paper explores the factors that affect students' evaluation of economic instruction using a sample of 1300 completed rating instruments at a comprehensive four-year mid-western public university. The study uses factor analysis to determine the validity and reliability of the evaluation instrument in assessing instructor or course…
Landrum, R. Eric; Braitman, Keli A.
This study examined the statistical effect of changing from a 10-point to a 5-point response scale on students' evaluation of instruction. Participants were 5,616 students enrolled in classes offered by the College of Social Sciences and Public Affairs at a large Western university, who completed both the old evaluation (10-point response) and the…
Romani, Patrick W.; McCoy, Thomasin E.; Wacker, David P.; Padilla-Dalmau, Yaniz C.
The current study evaluated preference for mode of instruction (i.e., visual or vocal) for four children diagnosed with a language-based learning disability. Each participant was an elementary student who was initially referred to a neuropsychology clinic specializing in learning disabilities. As a part of the evaluation, measures of each…
Achieve, Inc., 2014
In joint partnership, Achieve, The Council of Chief State School Officers, and Student Achievement Partners have developed a Toolkit for Evaluating the Alignment of Instructional and Assessment Materials to the Common Core State Standards. The Toolkit is a set of interrelated, freely available instruments for evaluating alignment to the CCSS; each…
Achieve, Inc., 2014
In joint partnership, Achieve, The Council of Chief State School Officers, and Student Achievement Partners have developed a Toolkit for Evaluating the Alignment of Instructional and Assessment Materials to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). The Toolkit is a set of interrelated, freely available instruments for evaluating alignment to the…
Bingman, Richard M.
A pilot project designed to link more effectively instructional improvement to student evaluation was undertaken at The University of Missouri at Kansas City. Attention was focused on graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) in seven academic units. Students rated their GTA instructors, and interpretations of the evaluation results were provided to a…
Ghini, Costantino; And Others
This report presents an evaluation of the Louisiana state-wide program of French instruction at the primary level for the academic year 1974-75, the third year of the program's implementation. The focus of the evaluation is on the attainment of linguistic objectives and the measurement of the community's support of the program. The program…
Baba, Marietta Lynn; And Others
Describes a model for planning, producing, and evaluating instructional television for the adult learner, which involves the interaction of faculty, television professionals, and students in the curricular content planning and the development of television scripts. A method of formative evaluation using student input is also presented, and results…
Morley, Donald D.
The vast majority of the research on student evaluation of instruction has assessed the reliability of groups of courses and yielded either a single reliability coefficient for the entire group, or grouped reliability coefficients for each student evaluation of teaching (SET) item. This manuscript argues that these practices constitute a form of…
To Improve Learning: An Evaluation of Instructional Technology, Volume II. Part Three, Instructional Technology: Theories and General Applications. Part Four: Instructional Technology: Practical Considerations. Part Five: Instructional Technology: Implications for Business and Industry. Part Six: Instructional Technology: Economic Evaluations.
Tickton, Sidney G., Ed.
Sterling M. McMurrin, Chairman of the Commission on Instructional Technology, introduces this volume with a description of the Commission's work to date and a discussion of the relationship of technology to education. The following 91 papers comprise the remainder of the state-of-the-art papers submitted as working papers to the Commission. For…
Schmidt, Charles P.
Reports results of a study of the ways in which undergraduate and graduate music majors evaluated the teaching methods of graduate associate music instructors. Reports that evaluators gave instructors high marks for characteristics including enthusiasm, interest in the student, and patience. Concludes that untrained evaluators can reliably analyze…
This study examined the perceptions of basic education school teachers in Turkey to the educational software evaluation criteria, developed for the acquisition of multimedia instructional software by the Turkish Ministry of National Education, from the viewpoint of actual users. Data were collected through structured interviews, group discussions,…
Five methods--final examination, attitude questionnaire, naturalistic observation, interview, and archival data analysis--of evaluating computer-assisted and computer-managed instruction are considered. The use of multiple methods has distinct advantages over the use of only one method. (Author/IRT)
Barker, Bruce O.
An evaluative questionnaire completed by 30 high school principals and 159 high school students who used the TI-IN Network demonstrated the advantages of interactive satellite television instruction for rural and small schools. The study found that a large number of subscribers to TI-IN were small rural high schools whose principals stated that…
Smith, J. David; Agate, Jeffrey
Overconfidence in clinical judgment is a common problem among counselors that undermines the validity of the counselors' assessments and, by implication, the quality of client services. The authors evaluated an instructional module designed to reduce overconfidence among counselor trainees who completed an assessment task that exposed them to some…
Alonso, Fernando; Manrique, Daniel; Vines, Jose M.
This paper presents a novel instructional model for e-learning and an evaluation study to determine the effectiveness of this model for teaching Java language programming to information technology specialists working for the Spanish Public Administration. This is a general-purpose model that combines objectivist and constructivist learning…
Social work practice requires that graduates be prepared to deal with complex, multifaceted problems which cannot be defined completely, do not have absolute, correct answers and can be approached from multiple perspectives. This study evaluated the influence of case-based instruction on MSW students' reflective judgment, an aspect of critical…
Zoll, James Allen
This study examined the implementation of standards based evaluation systems, specifically Georgia's Teacher Keys Effectiveness System, affects the principals' role of instructional leader. Using a modified Delphi study, principals from a large urban/suburban school system, gave feedback on three questions: how has their role changed; are they…
available to physics faculty, widespread change in physics teaching at the college level has yet to occur physics faculty are hired into tenure- track positions at the assistant professor level in a typical yearPromoting Instructional Change in New Faculty: An Evaluation of the Physics and Astronomy New
Supanakorn-Davila, Supawan; Bolliger, Doris U.
Online training has become popular in the professional development of government employees in Thailand. One large government agency developed an online program to provide training to its employees across the country using two systems: an Internet and Intranet-based system. With the new program implemented, the evaluation of the instructional…
Ghini, Costantino; And Others
This report presents an evaluation of the Louisiana state-wide program of French instruction at the primary level for the academic year 1972-73. The aims of the program were to show that second language learning is feasible and beneficial, can fit within the educational priorities of the Louisiana school system, and is valuable for both anglophone…
Ghini, Costantino; And Others
This report presents an evaluation of the Louisiana state-wide program of French instruction at the primary level during the academic year 1973-74. Aims of the program were to show that: (1) a second language learning program is feasible, educationally sound, and can fit within the existing educational program while utilizing the present staff;…
Prickett, Carol A.; Duke, Robert A.
Discusses a study in which music education majors and non-music-education majors observed a violin lesson. Reports that observers received varying instructions regarding how to observe the lesson. Reports that majors' evaluations were generally lower or equal to nonmusic majors' ratings. Concludes that the focus of the observation task and…
Moseley, James L.; Dessinger, Joan Conway
Provides human performance technologists in health care, business and industry, human services, higher learning, government agencies, and the military with criteria for evaluating commercially produced instructional programs designed for older adult learners. Older adults' physical changes are described, learning performance is discussed, and a…
Rose, Carolyn Penstein
the human tutors from that study. The results from this study pro- vide evidence of a significant learning in this paper builds on results from a previous study in which the students performed the same taskEvaluating the Effectiveness of Tutorial Dialogue Instruction in an Exploratory Learning Context
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the holistic approach to Turkish grammar instruction in the first stage of primary education from the opinions and experiences of Turkish primary school teachers. This study is a qualitative research designed as a phenomenological study. The study participants were selected using maximum variation…
Frick, Theodore W.; Chadha, Rajat; Watson, Carol; Zlatkovska, Emilija
Recent research has touted the benefits of learner-centered instruction, problem-based learning, and a focus on complex learning. Instructors often struggle to put these goals into practice as well as to measure the effectiveness of these new teaching strategies in terms of mastery of course objectives. Enter the course evaluation, often a…
Spector, Janet E.
This paper reviews the evidence on sight word instruction as a method of teaching students with autism and significant cognitive and verbal limitations to read printed words. Nine single-subject studies were rated using Reichow et al.'s ("J Autism Dev Disord" 38:1311-1319, 2008) evaluative method for identifying evidence-based practice, and…
Rosales, Rocío; Gongola, Leah; Homlitas, Christa
A multiple baseline design across participants was used to evaluate the effects of video modeling with embedded instructions on training teachers to implement 3 preference assessments. Each assessment was conducted with a confederate learner or a child with autism during generalization probes. All teachers met the predetermined mastery criterion,…
Mason, Linda H.; Kubina, Richard M., Jr.; Valasa, Lauren L.; Cramer, Anne Mong
A multiprobe multiple baseline design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of strategy instruction in persuasive quick writing with 5 seventh- and eighth-grade students who attended a county alternative placement school for students with severe emotional and behavioral disabilities. Students were taught to plan and write a 10-minute persuasive…
Warren, Rebecca; Hayes, Sherman; Gunter, Donna
Describes a two-part segmentation technique applied to an instruction program for an academic library during a strategic planning process. Discusses a brainstorming technique used to create a list of existing and potential audiences, and then describes a follow-up review session that evaluated the past years' efforts. (Author/LRW)
This study developed an interactive multimedia-based software program for Optics instruction, which was expected to overcome the imperfection of traditional optical labs. The researcher evaluated the effectiveness of the program through an experimental study that compared the learning outcomes of the students who used and did not use the software.…
The 1977-78 evaluation report of an interstate bilingual early education program for migrant children from age 3 through third grade which operates two permanent sites in Washington and one site in Texas, presents the program's progress in each of five components: instruction, staff development, parent and community involvement, materials…
Farley, Gregory Charles
Since 1996, K-12 schools are increasingly moving from a traditional, face-to-face educational environment to an online learning environment utilizing technologies to deliver instruction primarily via the Internet. As this trend continues, administrators familiar with traditional supervisory methods will observe and evaluate teachers of online…
Nargundkar, Satish; Shrikhande, Milind
We analyzed over 100,000 student evaluations of instruction over 4 years in the college of business at a major public university. We found that the original instrument that was validated about 20 years ago is still valid, with factor analysis showing that the six underlying dimensions used in the instrument remained relatively intact. Also, we…
Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.
This guide developed by MicroSIFT, a clearinghouse for microcomputer-based educational software and courseware, provides background information and forms to aid teachers and other educators in evaluating available microcomputer courseware. The evaluation process comprises four stages: (1) sifting, which screens out those programs that are not…
Cambre, Marjorie A.
Traces the use of formative evaluation from World War I training films up to the detailed models and microcomputer technology currently employed. The influences of research techniques, psychometrics, and mass communications theory on evaluation methodologies are discussed, and advances such as the Program Analyzer are described. Extensive…
Teaching foreign languages at distance is now becoming widespread; so is the need for evaluating online language courses. This article discusses an example of a framework that was applied to evaluate an online English as a foreign language (EFL) course at a Middle Eastern university. The development of the framework investigated areas of interest…
Stephenson, Kasey M; Hanley, Gregory P
Compliance is often used to describe a situation in which a child completes instructions from adults, and low levels of compliance are a common teacher concern. We conducted a descriptive assessment that showed that compliance was relatively stable for individual children, variable across children, and positively correlated with age. The impact of six antecedent variables (proximity, position, physical contact, eye contact, vocal attention, and play interruption) on compliance was assessed for 4 children. Next, the effects of three-step prompting were assessed alone, in combination with the antecedent variables, and at different integrity levels for 2 children. Results of the experimental analyses showed that compliance gradually increased with the addition of each antecedent variable for 2 of the 4 children. Three-step prompting in combination with the six antecedent variables increased compliance for the remaining 2 children, and high compliance levels were maintained until treatment integrity was decreased to 20% of full strength. The utility of this naturalistic compliance assessment is discussed, as are the relevant experiences that give rise to acceptable levels of compliance in preschool classrooms. PMID:21119897
Farkhondeh, Alireza; Geist, James R
The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of Web-based interactive modules in the instruction of dental hygiene students on intraoral and panoramic radiographic landmarks. The experimental group studied these landmarks as presented on interactive Web-based modules instead of in classroom presentations. The control group (the previous year's class) received instruction in the traditional classroom format. The outcomes measures included quizzes, examinations and an in-class project. Independent samples t-tests compared the scores of the two groups. A survey was administered to the experimental group to determine their perceptions of instruction with the modules. There was no significant difference in scores between the two groups on the project (p = .926) or the intraoral quiz and exam scores (p = .1 22), but the experimental group scored significantly lower on the panoramic outcomes (p = .039). Only 26% of the students preferred computer-assisted instruction to classroom instruction. The narration and interactive quizzes in the intraoral module may have contributed to the similar performance of the experimental and control groups, while their absence may have adversely affected the effectiveness of the panoramic module. PMID:26292503
Feeley, Thomas Hugh
Notes that the halo effect is a construct reserved to explain individual rater's failure to discriminate among conceptually distinct aspects of a stimulus person's behavior. Examines instructor evaluations completed by 128 students from three communication courses. Finds significant inter-correlations among five measures indicating the presence of…
Gaytan, Jorge A.; McEwen, Beryl C.
Background: The literature contains very few studies that focused on evaluating the impact of professional development activities on student learning. And, many of these studies failed to determine whether the professional development activities met their primary goal--to improve the learning process. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use…
Roberts, Kathryn L.; Brugar, Kristy A.; Norman, Rebecca R.
In this article, we present the Graphical Rating Tool (GRT), which is designed to evaluate the graphical devices that are commonly found in content-area, non-fiction texts, in order to identify books that are well suited for teaching about those devices. We also present a "best of" list of science and social studies books, which includes…
Heal, Nicole A.; Hanley, Gregory P.
Preschool teachers rely on several strategies for motivating children to participate in learning activities. In the current study, we evaluated the effectiveness of and preference for three teaching contexts in which embedded, sequential, or no programmed reinforcement was arranged. The embedded context included highly preferred teaching…
Traces the development of each of four major handwriting styles currently being taught in the United States (cursive, manuscript, italic, and D'Nealian), describes a method for evaluating the difficulty of forming letters, and concludes that italic letterforms are least difficult to form and most advantageous to teach elementary students. (PGD)
Judd, Wilson A.; And Others
This report describes the design, development, and formative evaluation of a computer-managed instruction (CMI) system in a university setting. The system, implemented on an IBM 1500 Instructional System, is designed to serve an undergraduate educational psychology course for teacher trainees. Two broad goals are defined for the project:…
Diem, Richard A.; Fairweather, Peter G.
This evaluation of the effectiveness of a computer assisted instructional program in basic literacy skills for inmates in a county jail covers the first year of the program. Instructional materials used were developed by Control Data Corporation for use on the PLATO system, and consisted of lessons in vocabulary, reading, spelling, arithmetic…
Rosales, Rocío; Gongola, Leah; Homlitas, Christa
A multiple baseline design across participants was used to evaluate the effects of video modeling with embedded instructions on training teachers to implement 3 preference assessments. Each assessment was conducted with a confederate learner or a child with autism during generalization probes. All teachers met the predetermined mastery criterion, and 2 of the 3 demonstrated skill maintenance at 1-month follow-up. PMID:25927112
Gerjets, Peter; Kammerer, Yvonne; Werner, Benita
Web searching for complex information requires to appropriately evaluating diverse sources of information. Information science studies identified different criteria applied by searchers to evaluate Web information. However, the explicit evaluation instructions used in these studies might have resulted in a distortion of spontaneous evaluation…
Hewson, Mariana G.
Reported is the development, use, and evaluation of an instructional technique based upon: (1) the assessment of students' prior knowledge; and (2) a theoretical perspective advocated by Ausubel and others which emphasizes the importance of existing knowledge in influencing subsequent concept learning. The experimental group of 46 South African…
Vitale, Michael R.; Kaniuka, Theodore S.
Present national methodological standards for evaluating the credibility of the design of individual research studies have resulted in findings reporting the pre-post effectiveness of Direct Instruction programs to be eliminated from consideration by educational leaders involved in making curricular decisions intended to advance local school…
Foster, Margaret J.; Shurtz, Suzanne; Pepper, Catherine
Objectives: The research determined to what extent best practices are being followed by freely available online modules aimed at teaching critical thinking and evidence-based practices (EBPs) in health sciences fields. Methods: In phase I, an evaluation rubric was created after reviewing the literature. Individual rubric questions were assigned point values and grouped into sections, and the sections weighted. Phase II involved searching Internet platforms to locate online EBP modules, which were screened to determine if they met predetermined criteria for inclusion. Phase III comprised a first evaluation, in which two authors assessed each module, followed by a second evaluation of the top-scoring modules by five representatives from different health sciences units. Results: The rubric's 28 questions were categorized into 4 sections: content, design, interactivity, and usability. After retrieving 170 online modules and closely screening 91, 42 were in the first evaluation and 8 modules were in the second evaluation. Modules in the first evaluation earned, on average, 59% of available points; modules in the second earned an average of 68%. Both evaluations had a moderate level of inter-rater reliability. Conclusions: The rubric was effective and reliable in evaluating the modules. Most modules followed best practices for content and usability but not for design and interactivity. Implications: By systematically collecting and evaluating instructional modules, the authors found many potentially useful elements for module creation. Also, by reviewing the limitations of the evaluated modules, the authors were able to anticipate and plan ways to overcome potential issues in module design. PMID:24415917
Jacobs, B. E.; Bohls-Graham, E.; Martinez, A. O.; Ellins, K. K.; Riggs, E. M.; Serpa, L. F.; Stocks, E.; Fox, S.; Kent, M.
Today's instruction in Earth's systems requires thoughtful selection of curricula, and in turn, high quality learning activities that address modern Earth science. The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), which are intended to guide K-12 science instruction, further demand a discriminating selection process. The DIG (Diversity & Innovation in Geoscience) Texas Instructional Blueprints attempt to fulfill this practice by compiling vetted educational resources freely available online into units that are the building blocks of the blueprints. Each blueprint is composed of 9 three-week teaching units and serves as a scope and sequence for teaching a one-year Earth science course. In the earliest stages of the project, teams explored the Internet for classroom-worthy resources, including laboratory investigations, videos, visualizations, and readings, and submitted the educational resources deemed suitable for the project into the project's online review tool. Each team member evaluated the educational resources chosen by fellow team members according to a set of predetermined criteria that had been incorporated into the review tool. Resources rated as very good or excellent by all team members were submitted to the project PIs for approval. At this stage, approved resources became candidates for inclusion in the blueprint units. Team members tagged approved resources with descriptors for the type of resource and instructional strategy, and aligned these to the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Earth and Space Science and the Earth Science Literacy Principles. Each team then assembled and sequenced resources according to content strand, balancing the types of learning experiences within each unit. Once units were packaged, teams then considered how they addressed the NGSS and identified the relevant disciplinary core ideas, crosscutting concepts, and science and engineering practices. In addition to providing a brief overview of the project, this presentation will detail the intensive review process educators utilized to determine the viability of the resources included in the blueprints. A short summary of first-year implementation results will be shared, along with the second year now in progress.
Chuh, Adrianna; Floyd, Tracy; McInnis, Karen; Williams, Elizabeth
This evidence-based review examined the evidence supporting the use of occupation-based interventions to improve areas of occupation and social participation poststroke. A total of 39 studies met the inclusion criteria and were critically evaluated. Most of the literature targeted activity of daily living (ADL)–based interventions and collectively provided strong evidence for the use of occupation-based interventions to improve ADL performance. The evidence related to instrumental ADLs was much more disparate, with limited evidence to support the use of virtual reality interventions and emerging evidence to support driver education programs to improve occupational performance poststroke. Only 6 studies addressed leisure, social participation, or rest and sleep, with sufficient evidence to support only leisure-based interventions. The implications of this review for research, education, and practice in occupational therapy are also discussed. PMID:25553745
Wolf, Timothy J; Chuh, Adrianna; Floyd, Tracy; McInnis, Karen; Williams, Elizabeth
This evidence-based review examined the evidence supporting the use of occupation-based interventions to improve areas of occupation and social participation poststroke. A total of 39 studies met the inclusion criteria and were critically evaluated. Most of the literature targeted activity of daily living (ADL)-based interventions and collectively provided strong evidence for the use of occupation-based interventions to improve ADL performance. The evidence related to instrumental ADLs was much more disparate, with limited evidence to support the use of virtual reality interventions and emerging evidence to support driver education programs to improve occupational performance poststroke. Only 6 studies addressed leisure, social participation, or rest and sleep, with sufficient evidence to support only leisure-based interventions. The implications of this review for research, education, and practice in occupational therapy are also discussed. PMID:25553745
Tang, Thomas Li-Ping; Tang, Theresa Li-Na
Student evaluation of professors is increasingly accepted as a normal part of higher education. To examine whether students' involvements and participation in an instructional setting would be positively correlated with their evaluations of faculty performance, 66 college students were given a Likert type rating scale to rate their own behaviors…
McNulty, John A; Halama, James; Espiritu, Baltazar
A two-year study was conducted to provide summative evaluations of web-based computer-aided instruction (CAI) specifically designed to supplement the laboratory dissections in the medical human anatomy course. Utilization of CAI was analyzed using server statistics, student surveys and network login tables. There was a significant increase in server requests for CAI over the period of the course in both years of the study. In general, student surveys corresponded with the login data for individual students, although several discrepancies showed limitations of the respective methodologies. When course examination scores were compared to the number of CAI logins for individual students, there were statistically significant direct correlations between exam grades and frequency of CAI use. Our findings illustrate the value of combining server statistics with user surveys for evaluations of CAI as an effective supplement for student learning in the anatomy curriculum. PMID:14695594
Wilder, David A; Majdalany, Lina; Sturkie, Latasha; Smeltz, Lindsay
In 2 experiments, we examined the effects of programmed reinforcement for compliance with high-probability (high-p) instructions on compliance with low-probability (low-p) instructions. In Experiment 1, we compared the high-p sequence with and without programmed reinforcement (i.e., edible items) for compliance with high-p instructions. Results showed that the high-p sequence increased compliance with low-p instructions only when compliance with high-p instructions was followed by reinforcement. In Experiment 2, we examined the role of reinforcer quality by delivering a lower quality reinforcer (praise) for compliance with high-p instructions. Results of Experiment 2 showed that the high-p sequence with lower quality reinforcement did not improve compliance with low-p instructions; the addition of a higher quality reinforcer (i.e., edible items) contingent on compliance with high-p instructions did increase compliance with low-p instructions. PMID:25998741
Behrends, J M; Goodson, K J; Koohmaraie, M; Shackelford, S D; Wheeler, T L; Morgan, W W; Reagan, J O; Gwartney, B L; Wise, J W; Savell, J W
The objectives of this study were to evaluate whether instructions can help consumers properly prepare top sirloin steaks and to evaluate the use of calcium chloride injection to decrease the sensitivity of top sirloin steaks to degree of doneness, thereby improving customer satisfaction ratings. An in-home study evaluated top sirloin steaks (gluteus medius) as influenced by calcium chloride injection (injected vs. noninjected), consumer segment (beef loyalists = heavy consumers of beef, budget rotators = cost-driven and split meat consumption between beef and chicken, and variety rotators = higher incomes and education and split meat consumption among beef, poultry, and other foods), degree of doneness, cooking method, and instructions (given vs. not given). Consumers evaluated overall like, tenderness, juiciness, flavor like, and flavor amount using 10-point scales. Beef loyalists consistently rated steaks higher for overall like, juiciness, and flavor when instructions were provided (P < 0.05) and rated top sirloin steaks higher for overall like and tenderness when given instructions for grilling (P < 0.05). Budget rotators and variety rotators rated steaks differently among cooking methods (P < 0.05). Correlation and stepwise regression analyses indicated that flavor like was the most highly correlated with overall like, followed by tenderness, flavor amount, and juiciness. Calcium chloride injection had no effect on consumers' likes or dislikes or on tenderness (P < 0.05). For top sirloin steaks, it was likely that preparation played a major role in consumer satisfaction, and beef loyalists benefited the most from providing cooking instructions. PMID:16282626
An Experimental Investigation of Occupancy-Based Energy-Efficient Control of Commercial Building of the effect on indoor climate, we verify that the controller achieves the energy efficiency improvements to heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems . Energy-efficient control of HVAC systems
Zavala, Genaro; Alarcon, Hugo
A modified version of the Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism (CSEM) is regularly administered to students at the beginning of the semester as a pretest and at the end of the semester as a post-test in a large private university in Mexico. About 500 students each semester, from different engineering majors, take electricity and magnetism in the introductory level, divided into sections of 30-40 students so there are several different instructors, both full-time and part-time. We report on the analysis of the CSEM data using concentration analysis for the purpose of evaluation of instruction. The results showed that students' learning varies with respect to instructor and to CSEM concept area. Students have large learning gains in some concept areas but small learning gains in others. Deeper analysis of a concept area showed that some instructors may tend to strengthen some misconceptions that students have. The analysis can be used to give feedback to instructors for the purpose of improving instruction.
Page 1 AQUACULTURE SITE EVALUATION REPORT INSTRUCTIONS: Provide the information required://sero.nmfs.noaa.gov Site Evaluation prepared for (Aquaculture applicant name) Aquacultured Live Rock permits off the state.0 acres. Applicants desiring to maintain aquacultured live rock sites with a total area of more than 1
Page 1 AQUACULTURE SITE EVALUATION REPORT INSTRUCTIONS: Provide the information required.nmfs.noaa.gov/permits Site Evaluation prepared for (Aquaculture applicant name) Aquacultured Live Rock permits off the state.0 acres. Applicants desiring to maintain aquacultured live rock sites with a total area of more than 1
Mortensen, Dorthe K.; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.
Although it has been used for many years in commercial buildings, the application of demand controlled ventilation in residences is limited. In this study we used occupant exposure to pollutants integrated over time (referred to as 'dose') as the metric to evaluate the effectiveness and air quality implications of demand controlled ventilation in residences. We looked at air quality for two situations. The first is that typically used in ventilation standards: the exposure over a long term. The second is to look at peak exposures that are associated with time variations in ventilation rates and pollutant generation. The pollutant generation had two components: a background rate associated with the building materials and furnishings and a second component related to occupants. The demand controlled ventilation system operated at a low airflow rate when the residence was unoccupied and at a high airflow rate when occupied. We used analytical solutions to the continuity equation to determine the ventilation effectiveness and the long-term chronic dose and peak acute exposure for a representative range of occupancy periods, pollutant generation rates and airflow rates. The results of the study showed that we can optimize the demand controlled airflow rates to reduce the quantity of air used for ventilation without introducing problematic acute conditions.
This study describes the development of three case studies that included a combination of multimedia production and instructional design skills within a particular setting. These case studies incorporated real-life incidents from 47 professional instructional designers. These instructional designers described a total of 146 activities involving…
Ott, Mary Diederich
Two instructional methods for a freshman physics course were compared: audio-tutorial (AT) instruction in a learning center and lecture-recitation-laboratory (LRL) instruction. Both random assignment and student preference were used to distribute the 575 students between the two methods. Course content, homework, and tests were identical.…
Compares the computer assisted instruction (CAI) tutorial with its non-computerized pedagogical roots: the Socratic Dialog with Skinner's Programmed Instruction. Tests the effectiveness of a CAI tutorial on diffusion and osmosis against four other interactive and non-interactive instructional strategies. Notes computer based strategies were…
Mark J. Tierno; Joann H. Lee
This paper describes the pilot project of library research instruction introduced at Lake Forest College. The project focuses on faculty-centered library research instruction whereby faculty in the Department of Education and instruction librarians design library experiences that are integrated into required course assignments. The program began with a preliminary investigation of background materials, was supplemented with the development of search
This dissertation analyzes instructional leadership and evaluation protocols from a large, diverse district in the Southeastern United States in order to investigate layers of accountability and tensions created when principals are asked to fill the dual roles of both instructional leader and supervisor in a newly implemented teacher evaluation…
van der Palen, J; Klein, J J; Kerkhoff, A H; van Herwaarden, C L; Seydel, E R
Inhaled medication is important in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this paper a comparison of the long-term efficacy of three instruction-models is presented. A total of 152 COPD-patients were randomized into one of four groups: Personal-, video-, group-instruction and a control group. Inhalation technique was assessed by means of checklists, on which essential inhalation manoeuvres were identified. Up to 9 months later, 148 patients returned for follow-up assessment. Prior to instruction 61% of patients in the control group had a perfect score on essential actions, compared to 62, 65 and 53% for those receiving group-, personal- and video-instruction respectively. At follow-up these percentages were 49, 97, 75 and 76%. For group-(35%) and video-instruction (24%) the increase from baseline was significant. Examining the different inhalers under investigation, it is striking, that only 24% of all patients with a Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI) performed all essential checklist items correctly, versus 96% for those using a Diskhaler. The fact that for the MDI this percentage improved to 90% post-instruction, shows that time spent on instruction, is time well spent. We conclude that group instruction seems superior to personal counselling, and equally effective or even better than video instruction. Personal instruction should not be dismissed and a combination with video instruction might prove to be effective as well. PMID:9516764
Ngoh, Lucy N.; Shepherd, Marvin D.
Culturally sensitive visual aids designed to help convey drug information to nonliterate female adults requiring antibiotics were developed. Researchers conceptualized the messages, and a local artist produced the visual aids. Comprehension and compliance with prescription instructions were evaluated (N=78). Results and practical implications are…
Hug, J. William
This article is an auto-ethnographic account of the development of a children's literature book critique assignment by a science teacher educator sharing instructional dilemmas and pedagogical responses. Prospective elementary teachers enrolled in an elementary school science teaching methods course in the US selected and evaluated children's…
Janeczko, Robert John
The major purpose of this study was to ascertain the relative effects of student exposure to instructional objectives upon student self-evaluation of psychomotor activities in a college-level power mechanics course. A randomized posttest-only control group design was used with two different approaches to the statement of the objectives. Four…
W. S. Thompson
This sampling and analysis instruction (SAI) provides the requirements for sample collection and laboratory analysis to evaluate the extent of hexavalent chromium contamination present in the soil below the 100-C-7 and 100-C-7:1 remedial action waste site excavations.
Knapp, F. Andrew; Desrochers, Marcie N.
Student response systems (SRSs) are increasingly being used in the classroom. However, there have been few well-controlled experimental evaluations to determine whether students benefit academically from these instructional tools. Additionally, comparisons of SRS with other interactive methods have not often been conducted. We compared SRS,…
This evaluation of the 1989-90 Bilingual Resource Instruction for the Development of Gainful Employment Skills (Project BRIDGES) in New York City found that the program met most of its objectives. Project BRIDGES, funded under Title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, provides the following services to at-risk…
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Research, Evaluation, and Assessment.
An evaluation was done of New York City Public Schools' Bilingual Resource Instruction for the Development of Gainful Employment Skills Program (Project BRIDGES), which served poor immigrant high school students. The program operated at three Brooklyn high schools (Sheepshead Bay High School, Franklin D. Roosevelt High School, and South Shore High…
Prusso, Kenneth W.; And Others
In this volume, ESEA Title I projects related to instructional practices and student cognitive performance, carried out in Philadelphia during 1971-1972, are evaluated. The six projects in this cluster are: Class for Mentally Retarded/Emotionally Distrubed Children; English as a Second Language; Improvement of Reading Skills (Reading Skills…
Atwood, Nancy K.
School districts have begun examining the feasibility of, and in some cases are developing and implementing automated systems for, managing and evaluating instructional programs. This paper describes and analyzes the issues and problems that emerged over the course of three projects--a large suburban school in the West, a consortium of five small…
COFFEY, JOHN L.; AND OTHERS
THE TWO MAJOR PHASES OF THIS RESEARCH WERE (1) ANALYZING TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION TO IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE PRIMARY VOCATIONAL SKILLS, AND (2) DEVELOPING AND EVALUATING NINE SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL UNITS. THREE INSTRUMENTS WERE USED IN ANALYZING VOCATIONAL CONTENT SOURCES TO IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE GENERAL BEHAVIORS AS WELL AS TRADE-SPECIFIC…
HIGGINS, CONWELL; RUSCH, REUBEN R.
THE PURPOSE OF THIS PROJECT WAS (1) TO DEVELOP EDUCATIONAL MEDIA FOR TEACHING EDUCABLE MENTALLY HANDICAPPED (EMH) CHILDREN ARITHMETIC CONCEPTS AND (2) TO EVALUATE THE DEVELOPED PROGRAMED INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS. DURING THE FIRST PHASE OF THE STUDY THE ACTIVITIES WERE DEVOTED TOWARD ACCOMPLISHING THE FIRST PURPOSE, DEVELOPING THE EQUIPMENT AND…
Zuluaga, Carlos A.; Normand, Matthew P.
We assessed the effects of reinforcement and no reinforcement for compliance to high-probability (high-p) instructions on compliance to low-probability (low-p) instructions using a reversal design. For both participants, compliance with the low-p instruction increased only when compliance with high-p instructions was followed by reinforcement.…
Miner, Amy; Mallow, Jennifer; Theeke, Laurie; Barnes, Emily
Teaching large numbers of students can be a challenge for both teachers and students. Implementing new teaching strategies may be 1 way to address the problem. This article presents the impact of using Gagne's 9 events of instruction on student learning and course evaluations over a 3-semester period. Student evaluations indicated enhanced teacher mastery, effectiveness, and enthusiasm. Overall student final grades increased. PMID:25628243
Schilling, Katherine; Applegate, Rachel
Objectives and Background: Libraries are increasingly called upon to demonstrate student learning outcomes and the tangible benefits of library educational programs. This study reviewed and compared the efficacy of traditionally used measures for assessing library instruction, examining the benefits and drawbacks of assessment measures and exploring the extent to which knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors actually paralleled demonstrated skill levels. Methods: An overview of recent literature on the evaluation of information literacy education addressed these questions: (1) What evaluation measures are commonly used for evaluating library instruction? (2) What are the pros and cons of popular evaluation measures? (3) What are the relationships between measures of skills versus measures of attitudes and behavior? Research outcomes were used to identify relationships between measures of attitudes, behaviors, and skills, which are typically gathered via attitudinal surveys, written skills tests, or graded exercises. Results and Conclusions: Results provide useful information about the efficacy of instructional evaluation methods, including showing significant disparities between attitudes, skills, and information usage behaviors. This information can be used by librarians to implement the most appropriate evaluation methods for measuring important variables that accurately demonstrate students' attitudes, behaviors, or skills. PMID:23133325
In order to evaluate its library instruction program, a postal survey was conducted of students who participated in library orientation courses at the Technische Universitaet Wien (Technical University of Vienna) in Austria during the winter term of 1982/83. The orientation courses consisted of a 1-hour lecture on use of the library and a library…
Radlick, Michael S.; Krull, Robert
The dearth of innovative instructional resources has been a key reason for inadequacy of learning opportunities in the New York Appalachian region, particularly in occupational education. Project 81 was formulated to organize a regional approach to the use of new instructional media materials for occupational education through increasing the…
Carter, Irene; Leslie, Donald; Kwan, Denise
The authors explore their use of learner-centred teaching strategies and Universal Instructional Design (UID) on course websites. UID is based on universal design, the design of products and environments intended to be usable by all people to the greatest extent possible (Burgstahler & Cory, 2008). UID applies universal design to instructional…
This study examined the effectiveness of explicit instruction on second language (L2) learners' implicit and explicit knowledge of English. Explicit instruction on the generic and non-generic use of English articles was delivered by CALL activities. Four tasks assessed acquisition: elicited imitation, oral production, grammaticality judgement, and…
Finkelhor, David; And Others
Interviews with 2,000 youths (ages 10-16) and their caretakers examined whether instruction at school or home about how to prevent victimization impacted on children's behavior in real victimization attempts. Children exposed to comprehensive school-based or home-based instruction were more likely to use recommended self-protection strategies and…
GROPPER, GEORGE L.; LUMSDAINE, ARTHUR A.
A SERIES OF EXPERIMENTS WAS CONDUCTED TO TEST THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TELEVISED INSTRUCTION. THIS STUDY, THE THIRD IN A SERIES, EXPLORED THE ROLE IN FIXED-PACE TELEVISION INSTRUCTION OF SOME OF THE TECHNIQUES AND PRACTICES EMPLOYED IN TEACHING-MACHINE INSTRUCTION. THREE SEPARATE EXPERIMENTS WERE CONDUCTED--(1) A JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LESSON ON NEWTON'S…
Hoff, William A.
renewable energy integration, engineering education, computer applications in power system analysis, arc has indicated that students today are becoming more comfortable with using online resources. Online instruction can be more student-centered and flexible. Personal contact with faculty, however
1 of 4 Instructions: Effective evaluation of job performance is an on-going process. Annually each to the original goals. Part III Goals for this coming year or evaluation period Enter the performance goals;2 of 4 Employee Name Evaluation Period: From To Type Department Job Title Part I. Performance Factors
Abdullah Sani, N; Hartantyo, S H P; Forsythe, S J
A total of 90 samples comprising powdered infant formulas (n=51), follow-up formulas (n=21), and infant foods (n=18) from 15 domestic and imported brands were purchased from various retailers in Klang Valley, Malaysia and evaluated in terms of microbiological quality and the similarity of rehydration instructions on the product label to guidelines set by the World Health Organization. Microbiological analysis included the determination of aerobic plate count (APC) and the presence of Enterobacteriaceae and Cronobacter spp. Isolates of interest were identified using ID 32E (bioMérieux France, Craponne, France). In this study, 87% of powdered infant formulas, follow-up formulas, and infant foods analyzed had an APC below the permitted level of <10(4) cfu/g. These acceptable APC ranged between <10(2) to 7.2×10(3) cfu/g. The most frequently isolated Enterobacteriaceae was Enterobacter cloacae, which was present in 3 infant formulas and 1 infant food tested. Other Enterobacteriaceae detected from powdered infant and follow-up formulas were Citrobacter spp., Klebsiella spp., and other Enterobacter spp. No Cronobacter species were found in any samples. Rehydration instructions from the product labels were collated and it was observed that none directed the use of water with a temperature >70°C for formula preparation, as specified by the 2008 revised World Health Organization guidelines. Six brands instructed the use of water at 40 to 55°C, a temperature range that would support the survival and even growth of Enterobacteriaceae. PMID:23141821
Moore, Jensen; Jones, Khristen
This study examined introductory journalism writing courses and compared hybrid (part online/part classroom) versus online grammar instruction. The hybrid structure allowed for grammar topics to be taught online, with a pretest following, and then reviewing missed/difficult pretest concepts in class prior to a posttest. The quasi-experimental…
The Olympia, Washington, Public Schools report a workshop held to design a program for collecting and organizing information on the total student growth necessary for developing a curriculum for individualized instruction. In addition to student records, information was needed on (1) learning styles, (2) interest areas, (3) physical development…
McConnell, Beverly B.
Computer assisted instruction (CAI) significantly improved the math skills of elementary school children, according to the results of an experiment conducted by the Pasco (Washington) School District. The experiment was designed to determine whether CAI would improve student math performance and whether CAI would improve math performance more than…
Gibbs, William J.; Bernas, Ronan S.; McCann, Steven A.
The Media Center at Eastern Illinois University developed and streamed on the Internet 26 short (one to five minutes) instructional videos about WebCT that illustrated specific functions, including logging-in, changing a password, and using chat. This study observed trainees using and reacting to selections of these videos. It set out to assess…
Peterson, Christina Hamme
Group-based learning is common practice in university classrooms. Despite the frequent student complaint of social loafing from teammates, methods for teaching students how to address teamwork issues are rarely incorporated into group assignments. Students are instructed on their final product, rather than their group process. In this article, an…
Ellis, Robert A.; Taylor, Charlotte E.; Drury, Helen
Learning through writing is a way of learning not only the appropriate written expression of disciplinary knowledge, but also the knowledge itself through reflection and revision. This study investigates the quality of a writing experience provided to university students in a first-year biology subject. The writing instruction methodology used is…
Miller, James G.
A national program is necessary to discover and implement the best ways to utilize educational technology. Several university centers for research and development on instructional technology could provide a basis for national initiative in this field. These centers should carry out basic research on systems theory, with emphasis on such fields as…
McNeill, Katherine L.; Krajcik, Joseph
Teacher practices are essential for supporting students in scientific inquiry practices, such as the construction of scientific explanations. In this study, we examine what instructional practices teachers engage in when they introduce scientific explanation and whether these practices influence students' ability to construct scientific…
Price, Harry E.; Ogawa, Yoko; Arizumi, Koji
Examines whether analysis techniques of student/teacher interactions widely used throughout the United Sates could be applied to a music instruction setting in Japan by analyzing two videotaped music lessons of different teachers. Finds that teacher A, who used five times more feedback, was rated higher overall by both Japanese and U.S. students.…
Russell, Jared A.
Kinesiology graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) provide an invaluable role in carrying out the instructional mission of many universities and colleges. However, the last two decades have seen an increase in public criticism and concern concerning the manner in which GTAs are employed to teach higher education courses, the extent they are prepared…
Alhija, Fadia Nasser-Abu; Fresko, Barbara
Extensive research has been done on student ratings of instruction on closed-ended questionnaires, but little research has examined students' written responses to open-ended questions. This study investigated the written comments of students in 198 classes, focusing on their frequency, content, direction, and consistency with quantitative ratings…
Glaser-Zikuda, Michaela; Fuss, Stefan; Laukenmann, Matthias; Metz, Kerstin; Randler, Christoph
Emotions such as interest and anxiety are part of the learning process as well as cognition and motivation. In view of this, educational science should take emotional aspects of instruction into account. The "ECOLE"-approach ("Emotional and Cognitive Aspects of Learning") presented in this paper is a theoretically guided educational approach based…
Beck, Leland; Chizhik, Alexander
Cooperative learning is a well-known instructional technique that has been applied with a wide variety of subject matter and a broad spectrum of populations. This article briefly reviews the principles of cooperative learning, and describes how these principles were incorporated into a comprehensive set of cooperative learning activities for a CS1…
Wagner, Eugene P.; DiBiase, Warren J.
Describes Operation CHEM1251, an on-going project designed to implement a standards-based approach to instruction in the general chemistry curriculum at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. Results indicate that this is the first time in five years that any day-time first semester general chemistry course section scored significantly…
In today's world, it is acknowledged by almost all folks of life that the traditional educational institutions are inadequate in educating the growing population. This situation has triggered research into finding ways to provide economical and of high quality education to wider masses of people. Currently, web based instruction seems to be the…
McNulty, John A.; Sonntag, Beth; Sinacore, James M.
Web-based computer-aided instruction (CAI) has become increasingly important to medical curricula. This multi-year study investigated the effectiveness of CAI and the factors affecting level of individual use. Three CAI were tested that differed in specificity of applicability to the curriculum and in the level of student interaction with the CAI.…
Dieker, Lisa A.; Lane, Holly B.; Allsopp, David H.; O'Brien, Chris; Butler, Tyran Wright; Kyger, Maggie; Lovin, LouAnn; Fenty, Nicole S.
A process was developed to create Web-based video models of effective instructional practices for use in teacher education settings. Three video models, created at three university sites, demonstrated exemplary implementation of specific, evidence-based strategies in reading, math, and science. Video models of strategies were field tested with…
West, Malcolm R.
A program of computer-assisted instruction (CAI), using the Radio Shack TRS-80, was tried at Eagleville (Pennsylvania) Hospital and Training Center for adult alcoholics and drug abusers. Most of the students using the program had extremely low reading levels and little success with schools; a majority had been in trouble with the law. It was hoped…
California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Curriculum Framework and Textbook Development Unit.
The California Legislature recognized the significant place of instructional materials in the formation of a child's attitudes and beliefs when it adopted "Educational Code" sections 60040 through 60044. The "Education Code" sections referred to in this document are intended to help dispel negative stereotypes by emphasizing people in diverse,…
Jamison, Dean T.; And Others
A methodology is presented which assists government decision makers in making cost analyses of ongoing and future educational projects. Part one develops the methodology in general terms, and part two illustrates its application by examining the cost structure of instructional radio and television projects in developing countries. Part three…
Reis, Janet; Tymchyshyn, Patricia
Assessed changes in contraceptive knowledge of 58 white female undergraduate students following computer-assisted instruction program on contraception. At six-month follow-up, students evidenced knowledge gains on duration of pill use, rationale for triphasics and biphasics, appropriate contingencies for missing two days of pill, danger signs…
Collins, David; Deck, Alan; McCrickard, Myra
Computer aided instruction (CAI) encompasses a broad range of computer technologies that supplement the classroom learning environment and can dramatically increase a student's access to information. Criticism of CAI generally focuses on two issues: it lacks an adequate foundation in educational theory and the software is difficult to implement…
Marshall, Patricia; And Others
Designated as Appendices C-G, the five reports in this collection complete the final report of a survey of 239 minority colleges and universities which was conducted to determine both the current status and the desired status of instructional computing at these schools. The executive summary (see related document) includes Appendices A and…
Kimball, Roland B.
The Humanities Enrichment Program (HEP) and The Master Teacher Program (MT) were sponsored by the National Humanities Faculty to improve and encourage humanities instruction. The 40 schools in the program participated in curriculum development workshops, demonstration lessons, and public information meetings. A consultant also contacted local…
Guisasola, Jenaro; Almudi, Jose Manuel; Ceberio, Mikel; Zubimendi, Jose Luis
This study examines the didactic suitability of introducing a teaching sequence when teaching the concept of magnetic fields within introductory physics courses at the university level. This instructional sequence was designed taking into account students' common conceptions, an analysis of the course content, and the history of the development of…
Johnson, Robert G.
This activity is one of a series of 17 teacher-developed instructional activities for geography at the secondary-grade level described in SO 009 140. This activity employs a simulation approach to investigate factors influencing industrial locations. Students design proposals intended to attract specific industries to specific cities. The flow…
Antes, Alison L.; Wang, Xiaoqian; Mumford, Michael D.; Brown, Ryan P.; Connelly, Shane; Devenport, Lynn D.
Purpose To examine the effects that existing courses on the responsible conduct of research (RCR) have on ethical decision making by assessing the ethicality of decisions made in response to ethical problems and the underlying processes involved in ethical decision making. These processes included how an individual thinks through ethical problems (i.e., meta-cognitive reasoning strategies) and the emphasis placed on social dimensions of ethical problems (i.e., social–behavioral responses). Method In 2005–2007, recruitment announcements were made, stating that a nationwide, online study was being conducted to examine the impact of RCR instruction on the ethical decision making of scientists. Recruitment yielded contacts with over 200 RCR faculty at 21 research universities and medical schools; 40 (20%) RCR instructors enrolled their courses in the current study. From those courses, 173 participants completed an ethical decision-making measure. Results A mixed pattern of effects emerged. The ethicality of decisions did not improve as a result of RCR instruction and even decreased for decisions pertaining to business aspects of research, such as contract bidding. Course participants improved on some meta-cognitive reasoning strategies, such as awareness of the situation and consideration of personal motivations, but declined for seeking help and considering others’ perspectives. Participants also increased in their endorsement of detrimental social–behavioral responses, such as deception, retaliation, and avoidance of personal responsibility. Conclusions These findings indicated that RCR instruction may not be as effective as intended, and in fact, may even be harmful. Harmful effects might result if instruction leads students to overstress avoidance of ethical problems, be overconfident in their ability to handle ethical problems, or overemphasize their ethical nature. Future research must examine these and other possible obstacles to effective RCR instruction. PMID:20182131
Orellano-Colón, Elsa M.; Varas-Díaz, Nelson; Bernal, Guillermo; Mountain, Gail A.
Aim To develop a culturally sensitive occupation-based health promotion intervention for older Hispanic adults who live alone. Methods We used a mixed method design for the content validation of the intervention and the Ecological Validity Model (EVM) to culturally center the intervention. In the quantitative phase, aging experts as well as community members from two activity centers for the elderly in Puerto Rico completed a content validity ratio exercise. In the qualitative phase, we conducted three focus groups with these participants. Data analysis included content validity ratio and a directed content analysis. Results This resulted in a working version of the intervention protocol addressing the eight dimensions of the EVM. Conclusions The EVM can be used to culturally center preventive interventions to other ethnic minority groups to augment the external validity and cultural competence of interventions. Future research must test the feasibility of this new intervention. PMID:25632170
Lillian Pedrick; Nancy Fergusson Tarquinio
In August 1977, this journal published an article by Danny G. Langdon entitled ‘The Construct Lesson Plan: taking the inefficiency out of group\\/classroom instruction’ (PLET, 14, 3, 199?206). Briefly stated, that article described a new approach to teaching\\/learning under which the finite amount of both class and teacher time is optimised utilising a group of instruments designed to: (a) use
This article describes a multi-year study investigating the effectiveness of web based computer-aided instruction (CAI) and the factors affecting level of individual use. Three CAI were tested that differed in specificity of applicability to the curriculum and in the level of student interaction with the CAI. Outcomes measured include personality preferences, learning styles, and frequency of use as it correlated with exam performance.
students. The dependent variable was number of Esperanto words pronounced and translated correctly. The Esperanto International Language is an artificial language based on European languages and first used in 1892 (Mirriam-Webster, 2012). It was selected... for use in this study to increase the internal validity of the findings, as it was unlikely that students would have a prior history or other uncontrolled exposure to Esperanto words. The three types of instruction included traditional flashcard...
Eastmond, Nick; Wood, R. Kent
Definitions and short explanations of key concepts in the field of instructional evaluation are presented. Evaluation is defined as the process of determining the value of programs, projects, materials, and personnel. It is distinguished from research in that the aims of research are less time- and situation-specific, attempting to uncover…
Harris, Carolyn DeMeyer; And Others
Dolphin is a computer-assisted instruction system used to teach and reinforce skills in reading, language arts, and mathematics. An evaluation of this system was conducted to provide information to TSC Division of Houghton Mifflin regarding its effectiveness and possible modifications to the system. The general design of the evaluation was to…
White, Charles S.
Presents brief annotations and evaluative comments on various instructional media. Discusses filmstrips, computer software, and other instructional materials. Includes materials about dinosaurs, Native Americans, Congress, and the Vietnam War. Describes new technological resources for education. Provides information on availability. (DK)
Luck, Camilla C; Lipp, Ottmar V
Relapse of fear after successful intervention is a major problem in clinical practice. However, little is known about how it is mediated. The current study investigated the effects of instructed extinction and removal of the shock electrode on electrodermal responding (Experiment 1), fear potentiated startle (Experiment 2), and a continuous self-report measure of conditional stimulus valence (Experiments 1 and 2) in human differential fear conditioning. Instructed extinction and removal of the shock electrode resulted in the immediate reduction of differential fear potentiated startle and second interval electrodermal responding, but did not affect self-reported conditional stimulus valence. A separate sample of participants (Experiment 3) who were provided with a detailed description of the experimental scenario predicted the inverse outcome, reduced differential stimulus evaluations and continued differential physiological responding, rendering it unlikely that the current results reflect on demand characteristics. These results suggest that the negative valence acquired during fear conditioning is less sensitive to cognitive interventions than are the physiological indices of human fear learning and that valence reduction requires extended exposure training. Persisting negative valence after cognitive intervention may contribute to fear relapse after successful treatment. PMID:25658973
Sohn, Michael D.; Black, Douglas R.; Price, Phillip N.; Lin, Yiqing; Brahme, Rohini; Surana, Amit; Narayanan, Satish; Cerpa, Alberto; Ericson, Varick; Kamthe, Ankur
The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), the University of California Merced (UCM), and the United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) conducted field studies and modeling analyses in the Classroom and Office Building (COB) and the Science and Engineering Building (S&E) at the University of California, Merced. In the first year, of a planned multiyear project, our goal was to study the feasibility and efficacy of occupancy-based energy management. The first-year research goals were twofold. The first was to explore the likely energy savings if we know the number and location of building occupants in a typical commercial building. The second was to model and estimate people movement in a building. Our findings suggest that a 10-14percent reduction in HVAC energy consumption is possible over typical HVAC operating conditions when we know occupancy throughout the building. With the conclusion of the first-year tasks, we plan to review these results further before this group pursues follow-on funding.
Lernau, O Z
A clerkship programme in general surgery is described whereby students acquire factual knowledge about disease entities through independent learning rather than through formal teaching. The objectives of the programme are to promote problem-solving skills. It consists of clinical work (patient work-up, clinical rounds, participation in the activities in the operating room, out-patient clinic and emergency room) and of small-group tutorial sessions. The described programme has met with approval and satisfaction from both students and teachers. There were no significant differences in the average grades on the written and oral final examinations between the graduates of this clerkship programme and those of a traditional one. Independent learning and problem-solving instruction, which have been adopted by some medical schools in the preclinical phase of the curriculum, can be effectively implemented during the clinical phase as well. PMID:2716556
Saljo, Roger, Ed.
Articles in this companion volume to the "International Journal of Educational Research" discuss evaluation of computerized mathematics instruction for mentally retarded children; conceptions of science learning and instruction by academics; effects of language arts tasks on motivation and learning; and effects of study strategies on learning.…
Morrow, C. A.; Monsaas, J.; Katzenberger, J.; Afolabi, C. Y.
The Concept Inventory on Climate Change (CICC) is a new research-based, multiple-choice 'test' that provides a powerful new assessment tool for undergraduate instructors, teacher educators, education researchers, and project evaluators. This presentation will describe the features and the development process of the (CICC). This includes insights about how the development team (co-authors) integrated and augmented their multi-disciplinary expertise. The CICC has been developed in the context of a popular introductory undergraduate weather and climate course at a southeastern research university (N~400-500 per semester). The CICC is not a test for a grade, but is intended to be a useful measure of how well a given teaching and learning experience has succeeded in improving understanding about climate change and related climate concepts. The science content addressed by the CICC is rooted in the national consensus document, 'Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Science'. The CICC has been designed to support undergraduate instruction, and may be valuable in comparable contexts that teach about climate change. CICC results can help to inform decisions about the effectiveness of teaching strategies by 1) flagging conceptual issues (PRE-instruction); and 2) detecting conceptual change (POST-instruction). Specific CICC items and their answer choices are informed by the research literature on common misunderstandings about climate and climate change. Each CICC item is rated on a 3-tier scale of the cognitive sophistication the item is calling for, and there is a balance among all three tiers across the full instrument. The CICC development process has involved data-driven changes to successive versions. Data sources have included item statistics from the administration of progressively evolved versions of the CICC in the weather and climate course, group interviews with students, and expert review by climate scientists, educators, and project evaluators based primarily in the US and Canada. The development team provided an exceptionally well integrated, multi-disciplinary expertise in climate science, climate education, education research, and psychometrics. The valuable integration of the team's expertise was driven by: 1) the prior interdisciplinary inclinations of key team members, which made it natural to openly inquire and learn across boundaries of expertise; and 2) the willingness of key team members to become respectful teachers of essential knowledge to other team members. These qualities, in combination with reviewer contributions, have brought the leading edges of natural and social science research together to produce the CICC. This work has been partially supported by a NASA award to the Georgia State University Research Foundation (NNX09AL69G).
Peer instruction may offer some of the richest opportunities for metacognitive teaching. Reciprocal (peer) teaching forces the instructor to use a whole series of metacognitive processes such as determining what the learner already knows, deciding what is to be taught/learned and how; monitoring comprehension and evaluating the outcome in terms of increased comprehension, which in turn encourages the instructor to reflect upon his or her own thinking processes. By asking the students to defend their answer to a question to another student you are, in effect, moving the role of "teacher" to the students.
Mei, Dolores M.; Dworkowitz, Barbara
This report evaluates the use of instructional models in eight New York City high school remediation programs funded in 1988/89 by Chapter 1 of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act and the Pupils with Compensatory Educational Needs (PCEN) program. It found that teaching strategies within each of the models were surprisingly similar. The…
Mitzel, Harold E.
A computer-assisted instruction course in the recognition of malarial parasites was developed and evaluated. The course includes stage discrimination, species discrimination, and case histories. Segments developed use COURSEWRITER as an author language and are presented via a display terminal that permits two-way communication with an IBM computer…
Treagust, David F.; Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Zain, Ahmad N. M.; Ong, Eng Tek; Karpudewan, Mageswary; Halim, Lilia
The efficacy of an intervention instructional program was evaluated to facilitate understanding of particle theory concepts among students (N = 190) using a diagnostic instrument consisting of eleven two-tier multiple-choice items in a pre-test--post-test design. The students involved were high school students, undergraduates and postgraduates…
Seaman, Don F.; McCallister, Joe Michael
A study evaluated use of computer-assisted instructional (CAI) systems to deliver literacy training for Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) participants at the Texas Center for Adult Literacy and Learning. Participants, who were categorized as upper-level students (7th-12th grade equivalents) or lower-level students (0-6th grade equivalents), were…
Dupree, Jeffrey J.
This study took place on Long Island, New York. Through an ethnographic approach, the beliefs of middle school principals regarding No Child Left Behind testing, highly qualified teachers, teacher evaluation, quality teaching, and instructional leadership were investigated. Eight principals, of differing gender and experience levels and serving in…
Kausar, Tayyaba; Choudhry, Bushra Naoreen; Gujjar, Aijaz Ahmed
This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of CAI vs. classroom lecture for computer science at ICS level. The objectives were to compare the learning effects of two groups with class room lecture and computer assisted instruction studying the same curriculum and the effects of CAI and CRL in terms of cognitive development. Hypothesis of…
Idaka, Idaka I.; Joshua, Monday T.
This study was designed to assess the attitude of academic staff in Nigerian tertiary educational institutions to student evaluation of instruction (SEI) and to find out the variable factors that influenced the expressed attitude of members of the academic staff, using Cross River State University as a case study. The study was a survey and so a…
Cranton, P. A.
Clinical teaching involves instruction in a natural health-related environment which allows students to observe and participate in the actual practice of the profession. The use of objectives, the sequence of instruction, the instructional methods and materials, and the evaluation of student performance constitute the components studied in…
Luterbach, Kenneth J.
This article describes a new form of instruction called elegant instruction. Generally speaking, educational technologists assert that instruction ought to be effective and efficient. Some educational technologists might add that instruction should also satisfy learners. Incorporating the standard requirements and going beyond satisfaction,…
of the state of the world. The user connects to this server using a graphical client, and the generation system-competitiveness, and there is a danger of overfitting systems to the con- crete evaluation metrics. Moreover, it has been ar- gued evaluation metrics. Instead, we suggest that all the positive aspects, and only a few of the negative ones
Mathers, Carrie; Oliva, Michelle
The purpose of this Research and Policy Brief is to provide state and local policymakers with a comprehensive understanding of the measures used in teacher evaluation--their strengths, limitations, and current use in policy and practice. This brief will underscore aspects of evaluation policies currently aligned with best practices as well as…
Hinn, D. Michelle
This paper presents the methods and results of a year-long evaluation study, conducted for the purpose of determining disability accessibility barriers and potential solutions for those barriers found in four World Wide Web-based learning environments. The primary questions used to frame the evaluation study were: (1) Are there any features of the…
A model checklist conceptualizing the evaluation process is presented and discussed. It is quite general and is intended to apply to the evaluation of educational products, procedures and most outcomes. The Pathway Comparison Model consists of the following: (1) characterization--how generally or specifically to describe the "treatment"; (2)…
Willis, Chris; Ingle, W. Kyle
This case examines how school leaders manage the increased demands of a new state-mandated teacher evaluation process. Subject to negotiations, districts and their local teacher unions can allow for teachers to be credentialed and serve as evaluators within their own schools. The challenge is examined through both the opportunity costs of this new…
Shonrock, Diana D., Ed.
Libraries devote serious resources to user-education programs and need to measure their effectiveness with hard data. This guide was designed to simplify the evaluation planning process and the making of evaluation instruments. The material was developed from hundreds of survey instruments used by librarians around the country. The handbook…
Monroe, Lisa; Horm, Diane M.
Research Findings: Utilization-focused, process evaluations of university-based laboratory preschools in their role with teacher preparation programs are rare in the current literature. This paper describes a self-study evaluation designed and implemented at a university laboratory preschool. A theory approach logic model was developed and used to…
Holland, Patricia E.; Adams, Paula
Case study of a district-level alternative to a state-mandated, administratively oriented, observation-based, summative evaluation of teaching. The alternative formative-evaluation process consists of teacher-developed Professional Development Plans (PDPs). Suggests that PDPs offer a way to resolve the apparent dilemma between teacher supervision…
McNulty, John A; Sonntag, Beth; Sinacore, James M
Web-based computer-aided instruction (CAI) has become increasingly important to medical curricula. This multi-year study investigated the effectiveness of CAI and the factors affecting level of individual use. Three CAI were tested that differed in specificity of applicability to the curriculum and in the level of student interaction with the CAI. Student personality preferences and learning styles were measured using the Meyers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and Kolb's Learning Style Inventory (LSI). Information on "computer literacy" and use of CAI was collected from student surveys. Server logs were used to quantify individual use of respective CAI. There was considerable variability in the level of utilization of each CAI by individual students. Individual use of each CAI differed and was associated with gender, MBTI preferences and learning style, but not with "computer literacy." The majority of students found the CAI useful for learning and used the CAI by themselves. Students who accessed the CAI resources most frequently scored significantly higher on exams compared with students who never accessed the resources. Our results show that medical students do not uniformly use CAI developed for their curriculum and this variability is associated with various attributes of individual students. Our data also provide evidence of the importance of understanding student preferences and learning styles when implementing CAI into the curriculum. PMID:19217066
Burke, Raymond V.; Andersen, Melissa N.; Bowen, Scott L.; Howard, Monica R.; Allen, Keith D.
We evaluated the efficacy of a vocational training program including behavioral skills training, and a "performance cue system" (i.e., a proprietary iPhone application adapted for the study) to teach targeted social-vocational skills to six young adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. In two separate studies, participants were employed to assist…
In 1984 an evaluation team examined the Maryland Functional Testing Program (MFTP), a statewide competency-based, criterion-referenced testing program that was instituted to limit awarding of high school diplomas to those students who had earned scores above cut scores on a series of achievement tests. This article examines the procedures the…
DuBose, Rebecca; Kelley, Jean
The paper examines the theoretical constructs that underlie currently used curricula for young handicapped children and suggests guidelines for selecting and evaluating curricula. Three developmental perspectives are reviewed: the age related developmental milestones identified by A. Gesell and adhered to by diagnostic prescriptive advocates, the…
Berkeley, Sheri; Lindstrom, Jennifer H.; Regan, Kelley; Nealy, Allison; Southall, Candice; Stagliano, Christina
One middle school's implementation of corrective reading was evaluated for student reading outcomes and treatment fidelity. Findings indicated that sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade students made progress in decoding and oral reading fluency over the school year; however, students did not demonstrate greater gains during the semester enrolled in…
Value-added models, which rate schools for effectiveness while taking into account the poverty and other socioeconomic status of the students, are generating increased interest. This paper describes the use of one such model to evaluate whether school ratings changed when three new programs were introduced: the "Target Teach" curriculum alignment,…
Thomas, Selby Greer; And Others
A two-year community pharmacy clinical experience using self-directed learning modules is described and evaluated. The modules were designed to stimulate interest in community pharmacy, motivate learning by demonstrating applicability of didactic work to contemporary practice, develop communication and psychosocial skills, and promote…
Harrison, Patrick; Edmonson, Lillian
Encompassing the five years from 1970 through 1974, this annotated bibliography represents a search of materials relating to the evaluation of college or university professors from the points of view of administrators, colleagues or peers, and students. Most of the information included is from the student point of view and is directed at teacher…
Walters, Allison M.
Four-year colleges and universities submit faculty teaching load and instructional cost data annually to the Delaware Study of Instructional Costs and Productivity. While the Delaware Study currently adjusts the calculation of annual FTE students to account for the difference in annual student credit hours (SCH) earned by students at semester and…
The purpose of this study is to assess the extent to which each of the three types of instruction (authentic, where, differentiated) engages 9th grade high school students in achieving language proficiency. The paper examines the features of these models of instructions and teachers? opinion about them. It includes a descriptive research in survey…
Gropper, George L.
An introduction to instructional strategies is offered. The author uses the term to refer to prescriptive rules for designing instructional events which create the learning experiences for the mastery of behavioral objectives. The intention is to familiarize the reader with properties of behavior to which instructional events must be responsive…
Echeto, Luisa F; Sposetti, Venita; Childs, Gail; Aguilar, Maria L; Behar-Horenstein, Linda S; Rueda, Luis; Nimmo, Arthur
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of team-based learning (TBL) methodology on dental students' retention of knowledge regarding removable partial denture (RPD) treatment. The process of learning RPD treatment requires that students first acquire foundational knowledge and then use critical thinking skills to apply that knowledge to a variety of clinical situations. The traditional approach to teaching, characterized by a reliance on lectures, is not the most effective method for learning clinical applications. To address the limitations of that approach, the teaching methodology of the RPD preclinical course at the University of Florida was changed to TBL, which has been shown to motivate student learning and improve clinical performance. A written examination was constructed to compare the impact of TBL with that of traditional teaching regarding students' retention of knowledge and their ability to evaluate, diagnose, and treatment plan a partially edentulous patient with an RPD prosthesis. Students taught using traditional and TBL methods took the same examination. The response rate (those who completed the examination) for the class of 2013 (traditional method) was 94% (79 students of 84); for the class of 2014 (TBL method), it was 95% (78 students of 82). The results showed that students who learned RPD with TBL scored higher on the examination than those who learned RPD with traditional methods. Compared to the students taught with the traditional method, the TBL students' proportion of passing grades was statistically significantly higher (p=0.002), and 23.7% more TBL students passed the examination. The mean score for the TBL class (0.758) compared to the conventional class (0.700) was statistically significant with a large effect size, also demonstrating the practical significance of the findings. The results of the study suggest that TBL methodology is a promising approach to teaching RPD with successful outcomes. PMID:26329028
Moynihan, Gary P.
The Crew Interface Coordinator (CIC) is responsible for real-time voice and procedural communication between the payload crew on the orbiter and the payload operations team on the ground. This function is dedicated to science activities and operations, and may also include some responsibilities for crew training. CIC training at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) consists of mission-independent training, mission simulations, and line-organization training. As identified by Schneider, the program provides very good generic training; however position-specific training may be obtained in a very unstructured way. A computer-based training system, identified as Mac CIC, is currently under development to address this issue. Mac CIC is intended to provide an intermediate level of training in order to prepare the CIC for the more intensive mission simulations. Although originally intended as an intelligent tutoring system, Mac CIC currently exists as a hypertext-based application. The objectives of this research is to evaluate the current system and to provide both recommendations and a detailed plan for Mac CIC's evolution into an intelligent tutoring system.
-face instruction to e-learning. Professionals in this career path may work in business and industry, government and military, healthcare, non- for-profit, museums, Parks and Recreations, higher education, and a variety
The goal of this pilot study was to ascertain the effectiveness of an occupation-based after-school program for improving self-concept in children, ages five through eight. Fifty-four randomly selected children ages five through eight from two schools (one being the control group) with similar socioeconomic status along the Ohio River were involved in this research study. The Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance for Young Children (PCSA; Harter & Pike, 1984) was administered to all participants (N = 54), four subtests were analyzed: cognitive competence, social competence with peers, physical competence in sports, and maternal acceptance. The experimental group (n = 25) attended occupation-based groups two times a week after school. The control group (n = 29) did not participate in an after-school program. Data from pre-test and post-test were analyzed using a t-test. Findings demonstrated that the experimental group improved their self-concept scores when compared to the control group in the areas of peer acceptance and cognitive competence. This would offer tentative evidence that an after-school program directed by occupational therapists that is designed to improve self-concept may be successful. PMID:25338266
Maryland at College Park, University of
. · Conduct qualitative research to identify the student models underlying their responses. · Develop of formulae will not get a definite result out of loose data. T. H. Huxley [Huxley 1869] As I discussed picture of the knowledge of any single student. 91 CHAPTER 5 #12;RESEARCH-BASED SURVEYS A cost
Swartz, Eileen, Ed.
The 12 articles presented in this issue of a journal on giftedness in school-age children focus on interdisciplinary thematic instruction for gifted students. "Untangling the Web of Interdisciplinary Instruction" (Susan L. Beibelman and Sandy Hall-Chiles) explains the use of a curriculum webbing model to provide structure. "Interdisciplinary…
The "Learning Trail" is an innovative application of peer-mediated instruction designed to enhance student learning in large practical classes. The strategy specifically seeks to improve participants' attention to details of protocol that are often difficult to observe during teacher-centered demonstrations to large groups. Students (n=68) at the…
This article provides an overview of my experiences in special education as a teacher and subsequently as an intervention researcher providing background on where we were in providing instruction to individuals with disabilities 40 years ago (prior to legal protections and supports) compared with the present. This article acknowledges the progress…
Yu, Wei-Chieh Wayne
This study was designed to examine the pre- and in-service nursing professionals' perceptions of using computers to facilitate foreign language learning as consideration for future English for nursing purposes instruction. One hundred and ninety seven Taiwanese nursing students participated in the study. Findings revealed that (1) the…
Case, Christine L.
This study was undertaken to determine the effects of individualized instruction on enrollment, attrition, achievement, and student attitude in a general biology course for non-science majors. Fifteen auto-tutorial minicourses were designed for use in the laboratory part of the course, each consisting of a printed study guide, slide-tape module,…
Trede, Larry D.; And Others
A study found that there is a significant difference in student achievement when teaching farm management and agricultural marketing concepts and problem solving with microcomputer-assisted instruction as compared to the lecture-discussion teaching method; and that there is little difference in achievement when comparing teachers' knowledge and…
Amrein-Beardsley, Audrey; Haladyna, Thomas
For over 30 years survey instruments have been used in colleges of higher education to measure instructional effectiveness. Extensive research has been conducted to determine which items best capture this construct. This research study was triggered by a college of education's enthusiastic but failed attempt to create a new and improved instructor…
Harnischfeger, Annegret; Wiley, David E.
This paper follows up on an earlier report that presented a theory on instructional processes that relied on a time metric. In this paper a design for field studies within this theoretical orientation is presented. Methods to obtain information on how teachers allocate time so that grouping and individualization strategies can be studied are…
Thomson, Kendra M.; Martin, Garry L.; Fazzio, Daniela; Salem, Sandra; Young, Kristen; Yu, C. T.
A widely used method for teaching children with autism is applied behavior analysis (ABA), and a main component of ABA programming is discrete-trials teaching (DTT). Using a modified multiple-baseline design across participants, we assessed the effectiveness of a DTT self-instructional package (Fazzio & Martin, 2007) for teaching four pairs of…
Burger, Vernon K.
The author designed an instructional package including slides and tape cassettes for individual use by students learning to use a hand calculator to perform computations. Students (n=17) using the package were given pretests and posttests of ability and attitude. On the three sets of cognitive objectives, mastery was achieved by 96 percent, 76…
Ottmar, Erin R.; Konold, Timothy R.; Berry, Robert Q.; Grissmer, David W.; Cameron, Claire E.
Psychometric properties of 24 items from the fifth grade Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort Mathematics Teacher Questionnaire were investigated in a sample of 5,181 participants. These items asked teachers to report how often they had their classroom students engage in different mathematics content, skills and instructional…
Longberg, Pauline Oliphant
As computer assisted instruction (CAI) becomes increasingly sophisticated, its appeal as a viable method of literacy intervention with young children continues despite limited evidence of effectiveness. The present study sought to assess the impact of one such CAI program, "Imagine Learning English" (ILE), on both the receptive…
Dana, Ann S.
The theory and practice of the instructional design system includes the categories of design, development, utilization, evaluation, and management; instructional designers and teachers need to determine an appropriate balance of structural knowledge and detailed knowledge acquisition. The purpose of this study was to determine what teachers'…
Mikula, Alan R.
Peer observation is discussed as an aid in instructional development, rather than a method for teacher evaluation. A team effort, consisting of from three to four peers who observe each other from four to seven times during the span of one term offers the greatest likelihood that instruction will be improved. Whether these groups are elective or…
This description of the marketing process as a practical way to manage the function of instruction development emphasizes the importance of the identification and evaluation of customer needs before developing objectives. To assist the instructional development agency in focusing on this aspect of planning, a check list of possible marketing…
Hill, Russell A.
Programed instructional techniques have been attacked as dehumanizing, dull, and restrictive. The possibility, however, that these deficiencies of programed instructional techniques have derived from a lack of creativity in application, rather than from the inherent nature of the techniques. To test this hypothesis, an evaluation was made of the…
INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN, RECORDED INSTRUCTION AND FACULTY INTERESTS. SUPPLEMENT, INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN, RECORDED INSTRUCTION AND FACULTY INTERESTS WITHIN THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. OCCASIONAL PAPER NO. 2.
KARWIN, THOMAS J.
THE SYSTEMS APPROACH TO PLANNING IS USEFUL IN DESIGNING MORE EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS. IT SPECIFIES INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES, COORDINATES APPROPRIATE METHODS, AND EVALUATES THE RESULTING INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM. CONFLICTS CAN ARISE FROM INDIVIDUAL INTERPERTATIONS OF INTEREST IN SPECIFIC PROGRAMS. A COMPREHENSIVE, EQUITABLE…
Forehand, Garlie A.
This paper focuses on computer-based assessment embedded in the process of instruction, with the assessment being used for placement, assignment, instructional feedback, progress assessment, and/or exit testing. This discussion is based on experience in developing and evaluating assessment and instruction materials for college-level remedial…
Bastian, Mauresa; Eggett, Dennis L; Jefferies, Laura K
Question placement and usage of pre-evaluation instructions (PEI) in questionnaires for food sensory analysis may bias consumers' scores via carry-over effects. Data from consumer sensory panels previously conducted at a central location, spanning 11 years and covering a broad range of food product categories, were compiled. Overall acceptance (OA) question placement was studied with categories designated as first (the first evaluation question following demographic questions), after nongustation questions (immediately following questions that do not require panelists to taste the product), and later (following all other hedonic and just-about-right [JAR] questions, but occasionally before ranking, open-ended comments, and/or intent to purchase questions). Each panel was categorized as having or not having PEI in the questionnaire; PEI are instructions that appear immediately before the first evaluation question and show panelists all attributes they will evaluate before receiving test samples. Postpanel surveys were administered regarding the self-reported effect of PEI on panelists' evaluation experience. OA scores were analyzed and compared (1) between OA question placement categories and (2) between panels with and without PEI. For most product categories, OA scores tended to be lower when asked later in the questionnaire, suggesting evidence of a carry-over effect. Usage of PEI increased OA scores by 0.10 of a 9-point hedonic scale point, which is not practically significant. Postpanel survey data showed that presence of PEI typically improved the panelists' experience. Using PEI does not appear to introduce a meaningful carry-over effect. PMID:25604650
Judy Elgin Jensen
To help elevate your level of active instruction, this chapter provides a sampling of the kinds of hands-on activities that promote understanding of evolutionary processes. These particular activities are structured according to the BSCS 5E Instruction Model--engage,explore, explain, elaborate, and evaluate. The 5E Model is a teaching sequence that can be used for entire programs, specific units, or individual lessons (Bybee 1997). This chapter also contains print and online resources for new ideas and practical applications that will help you emphasize science process and how evolutionary changes affect us daily. This free selection also includes the Table of Contents, Introduction, and Index.
The purpose of this document is to provide a resource to faculty who are designing online instructional materials. Online instruction is any formal educational process in which the instruction occurs when the learner and the instructor are not in the same place and Internet technology is used to provide a communication link among the instructor and students.Different forms of online instruction include: * Sharing information on a web site (example: course syllabus/ web site)) * Providing practice for new concepts by using online activities such as simulations and games * Communicating one-to-one or one-to-many via email for instructional purposes * Conducting discussions by using a threaded discussion board * Conducting discussion by using chat * Holding office hours by using chat or bulletin board * Delivering library resources via the Internet (example: Electronic databases, electronic course reserves) * Giving practice tests or evaluating performance by using online assessments * Submitting assignments electronically
Wood, Eileen; Anderson, Alissa; Piquette-Tomei, Noella; Savage, Robert; Mueller, Julie
Support requests were documented for 10 teachers (4 kindergarten, 4 grade one, and 2 grade one/two teachers) who received just-in-time instructional support over a 2 1/2 month period while implementing a novel reading software program as part of their literacy instruction. In-class observations were made of each instructional session. Analysis of…
This article provides an overview of my experiences in special education as a teacher and subsequently as an intervention researcher providing background on where we were in providing instruction to individuals with disabilities 40 years ago (prior to legal protections and supports) compared with the present. This article acknowledges the progress that has been made in providing opportunities for students with disabilities to participate in the educational system including greater access to the general education classroom for increasing numbers of students with disabilities. However, stakeholders including special educators have inadequately targeted academic and behavioral improvements as their goals for individuals with disabilities. This is largely because the research base for students with disabilities with intensive academic and behavior needs is underdeveloped. Several recommendations are provided including increased funding for research on individuals with persistent learning and behavior problems that addresses how to acquire a more complete knowledge base about effective intensive interventions for these students. PMID:25745278
In this lesson, students walk through the process of creating technical instructions by first analyzing existing instructions. They then select an item and an audience for which they will write technical instructions. After writing their own instructions, students conduct usability tests of each other’s instructions, providing user feedback. Finally, students use this user feedback to revise their instructions before publishing them.
Glassman, Nanci A.; Perry, Jeannine B.; Giersch, Christopher E.; Lambert, Matthew A.; Pinelli, Thomas E.
NASA CONNECT is a research-, inquiry, and standards-based, integrated mathematics, science, and technology series of 30-minute instructional distance learning (television and web-based) programs for students in grades 6 8. Respondents who evaluated the programs in the series over the first five seasons (1998-99 through 2002-03) reported that (1) they used the programs in the series; (2) the goals and objectives for the series were met; (3) the programs were aligned with the national mathematics, science, and technology standards; (4) the program content was developmentally appropriate for the grade level; and (5) the programs in the series enhanced and enriched the teaching of mathematics, science, and technology.
Part of the web site Doing What Works, this section describes research-based practices to promote vocabulary development in middle and high school. It includes a multimedia overview of the importance of providing explicit vocabulary instruction, video clips, links to research, and other resources. Content area teachers and strategies for use in content areas like science are specifically addressed in the recommendations.
This guide is intended to help adult basic education (ABE) teachers teach their students to understand instructions in their daily lives. The 25 learning activities included all develop students' skills in the area of following directions by using basic situations drawn from everyday life. The following activities are included: sequencing pictures…
Nielsen, Earl T.
This monograph is designed to assist administrative school personnel in selecting, training, and retaining the best qualified instructional aides available. It covers five areas: (1) employment procedures--outlining important points under recruitment, applications, examinations, interviews, and selection; (2) payroll procedures--outlining how to…
Johnson, Wendell G.; Burke, Adam; Evans, Barbara
Describes the basic elements of instructional design: (1) assessing needs; (2) defining goals; (3) selecting formats and materials; (4) devising test and evaluation procedures; (5) constructing and teaching a prototype; (6) analyzing and evaluating the results; and (7) revising the instruction and recycling. Demonstrates integration of online…
Glickman, Carl D.
This review of research on instructional improvement and teacher evaluation considers the complex issues affecting the K-8 principal's ability to enhance educational quality through effective supervision of the instructional process. According to several studies, teachers found formal evaluations far less valuable than direct assistance and…
New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Compensatory/Bilingual Education.
This handbook provides guidelines for the evaluation of compensatory and bilingual education programs in New Jersey. Each local education agency (LEA) is required to complete an annual evaluation of previous year program information for basic skills programs funded totally or in part by state and federal resources. Bilingual and…
Merrill, M. David
From a review of instructional design theories, research, and practice, the author has derived his "First Principles of Instruction". In this article, he suggests a rubric for using these principles to evaluate existing instruction. The article presents a Course Evaluation form and accompanying demonstration and application rubrics that enable the…
DeLoughry, Thomas J.
Researchers evaluating several courses taught online found that the instruction can be as effective as traditional classroom instruction and improves students' perceptions of educational quality, access to education, involvement in the classes, and access to professors. (MSE)
Kimmel, Karl Joseph
"CellSong" is a computer aided instructional (CAI) science module designed to help students recall information about cellular physiology. The program is designed to teach middle school learners the music mnemonic "Cell's Organelles" ((c)1995 Karl Kimmel) in order to facilitate the recall of the targeted biological information. In addition to music, a computer animation is synched to the five minute music file to provide visual reinforcement for the song's lyrics. Two male teachers, from two different rural southern schools ( mTeacher and sTeacher) implemented the "CellSong" module in their classes. Students in mTeacher's class consisted of 12 fifth grade biology students. The other group was initially composed of all of sTeacher's sixth grade science classes ( n = 38). This group was divided into the regular three classes on its second exposure to the program. The students filled out attitude surveys after five exposures to the program. All the sixth grade students took an aided recall tests immediately after the fifth exposure to the program. Thirteen of the sixth graders took the same test (retest) after seven days. Although the test scores were generally low, students who took the retest tended to be able recall the same items that they had recalled the week before. The fifth grade class took one recall test four days after their last exposure to the program and scored higher than the sixth grade from the other school. These students were more favorable in their responses on the attitudinal survey. Students in the fifth grade class (and female students in the sixth grade classes) tended to enjoy the module and music mnemonic strategy. The sixth grade boys reported not enjoying it.
Thiagarajan, Sivasailam; Stolovitch, Harold D.
The document describes a project to design, develop, and evaluate a set of audiovisual training modules to augment a sourcebook for special education teacher trainees and to assist trainers and curriculum developers in the design of teacher training materials. It is explained in Chapter I that the project involved the 4-D Model--Define, Design,…
Keeler, Carolyn M.
Describes a qualitative evaluation of an elementary schoolwide computer implementation project. Highlights include the use of interviews, questionnaires, and surveys with teachers, students, and parents; changes in teacher attitudes and roles, classroom management, and classroom climate; and a model for creating a community of learners through the…
Villalta-Cerdas, Adrian; McKeny, Patrick; Gatlin, Todd; Sandi-Urena, Santiago
RateMyProfessors.com (RMP) is the most popular commercial website to evaluate instructors, and houses a wealth of student-generated information in the form of ratings and reviews. This study investigated whether general chemistry students who use RMP were different from other students, and their reasons to use and contribute to the site. A pool of…
Nxumalo, Miriam V. F.
A study was conducted to determine the most salient elements to be incorporated into a curriculum studies course for students in one of the three 2-year teacher training colleges in Swaziland. The course was developed to acquaint prospective teachers with curriculum objectives, methods, and evaluation devices, and to help them to critique some…
Penrod, Becky; Gardella, Laura; Fernand, Jonathan
Few studies have examined the effects of the high-probability instructional sequence in the treatment of food selectivity, and results of these studies have been mixed (e.g., Dawson et al., 2003; Patel et al., 2007). The present study extended previous research on the high-probability instructional sequence by combining this procedure with…
Hearn, Richard M.
The purpose of this study was to compare high schools in north Louisiana to determine if the presence or absence of instructional coaches influenced student achievement, organizational climate, and/or teacher efficacy in any significant manner. The 11 high schools in north Louisiana utilizing instructional coaches were matched to 11 high schools…
Stores, Rebecca; Stores, Gregory
Background: The study concerns the unknown value of group instruction for mothers of young children with Down syndrome (DS) in preventing or minimizing sleep problems. Method: (1) Children with DS were randomly allocated to an Instruction group (given basic information about children's sleep) and a Control group for later comparison including…
Seo, You-Jin; Woo, Honguk
Critical user interface design features of computer-assisted instruction programs in mathematics for students with learning disabilities and corresponding implementation guidelines were identified in this study. Based on the identified features and guidelines, a multimedia computer-assisted instruction program, "Math Explorer", which delivers…
Merrill, M. David; And Others
Identifies some of the assumptions underlying the technology of instructional design and clarifies its role in the larger context of education and social change. Discusses instructional design, learner characteristics, individual learning, knowledge and skill acquisition, and instructional principles. (AEF)
Discusses learner/computer interaction, learner control, sequencing of instructional events, and graphic screen design as effective principles for the design of instructional software, including tutorials. (MBR)
Password. III. Enter the appropriate answers to the three security questions selected upon enrollment letter groupings), and click I agree. II. Click Change Password option. III. Answer the three securityFurman Network Instructions Contents Password Station Instructions
Ginsburg, Lynda; Gal, Iddo
This report identifies 13 instructional strategies for teaching adult numeracy skills that address issues of assessment, development of mathematical skills, and development of problem-solving skills. The rationale and suggestions regarding the following 13 instructional principles are described: address and evaluate attitudes and beliefs about…
Norton, Robert E.
The Systematic Curriculum and Instructional Development (SCID) model provides a tested procedure for developing high-quality, low-cost competency-based education and tech prep curriculum and instructional materials. It consists of 5 phases--analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation--and 23 components. The analysis phase…
Smiernow, George A.; Lawley, Alan
An evaluation of student performances in a materials engineering course using three different teaching methods is presented. A form of personalized self-instruction (PSI) in which the course is offered off-campus, decentralized sequenced instruction (DSI), was compared to on-campus PSI and to the lecture method. The DSI method is shown to be most…
Delaney, Diane W.
A qualitative study was completed to identify and study the content of selected elementary general music teachers' evaluations of their own instruction and the instruction of another elementary general music teacher. Participants represented a variety of educational backgrounds and teaching experience: Teacher A (9 years teaching Grades 4-6 at…
Scott, Olive P.
The purpose of this paper is to aid curriculum development specialists, state leadership personnel, and local supervisors of trade and industry in evaluating curriculum and instructional materials development in cosmetology and barbering. Intended to help either the new or experienced teacher improve programs and identify useful instructional…
Spector, J. Michael; And Others
As one of a series of studies being conducted to develop a useful (predictive) model of the instructional design process that is appropriate to military technical training settings, this study performed initial evaluations on two pieces of instructional design software developed by M. David Merrill and colleagues at Utah State University i.e.,…
Dempsey, John V.; And Others
Instructional gaming, as distinguished from simulation, is defined as any overt instructional or learning format that involves competition and is rule-guided. The literature review identifies five categories of articles on instructional gaming: (1) research, (2) theory, (3) reviews, (4) discussion, and (5) development. Games have been found to…
Wiley, Ann L.
Learner objectives, text, practice exercises and answer sheets are provided on the history of educational technology, which includes three major periods: Audiovisual Instruction (1920-1945), Audiovisual Communications (1945-date), and Instructional Systems Analysis and Design (1950-date). The terms "educational technology" and "instructional…
Zahner, Jane E.
A framework is presented for library instruction that integrates learning in the cognitive and affective domains. A study is reported that supports such a framework. Central to this instruction is the use of an overall strategy called FOCUS, FORMAT, FIND, and EVALUATE. The study compared the effects of two methods of academic library instruction…
Nelson, Diane Patricia
This study is a formative evaluation of problem-based learning as an effective course delivery strategy in a second year introductory Medical Laboratory Technician discipline-specific hematology course. This strategy can serve two purposes in this type of course: discipline specific content knowledge and process skills learning. A needs study identified that students required additional workplace skills as they entered the clinical internship. Students tested well on the national registry examinations, discipline-specific content knowledge, but group process skills needed improvement in the areas of collaboration, communication, and critical reasoning. Problem-based learning was identified as an change intervention to help provide these skills. A search of the literature revealed that the Baker College cultural and physical environment would support this intervention. Twelve cases were written, situated in a clinical laboratory environment, addressing learning issues identified in a modified Delphi survey of laboratory personnel e.g. fiscal responsibility, turn-around time, invasiveness of laboratory techniques, and holistic view of healthcare environment. A hematology class of 13 students received the intervention. The cases were structured to proceed from instructor-centered (guided) learning issues to learner-centered learning issues. Observations of the in-group collaboration processes were documented, as well as oral presentations and critical reasoning, with students given periodic feedback on these skills. Student surveys provided data about satisfaction, attitude to PBL process, and self-efficacy. Multiple choice discipline-specific content examinations were given and compared with classes from the previous four years. The study found that students receiving the PBL treatment scored as well as or better than students from previous years on traditional multiple choice exams. Recall questions showed positive significance and application/analysis questions showed no significance from previous years. Clinical correlations end-of-case evaluations addressing the issues of thoroughness of investigation, supporting evidence, accuracy of information, order and clarity of thought showed positive improvement across the intervention, as did the PBL processes of in-group collaboration skills, teamwork skills, and presentation skills. By the end of the intervention, students expressed preference for student-centered learning issues.
Lohr, L. L.
Designing the instructional interface is a challenging endeavor requiring knowledge and skills in instructional and visual design, psychology, human-factors, ergonomic research, computer science, and editorial design. This paper describes the instructional interface, the challenges of its development, and an instructional systems approach to its…
Davis, H. Scott, Ed.
This issue contains nine articles written by Indiana librarians involved in bibliographic instruction: (1) "Information Management Education--Beyond BI (Bibliographic Instruction)" (Gillian S. Gremmels); (2) "Dealing with the New Technology: An Instructional Primer" (Patrick Max); (3) "Librarian/Teacher Partnerships for Better Library Instruction:…
Merrill, M. David
Describes and compares various assumptions of instructional design and of constructivism, some of which have been raised in other articles in this issue. Topics discussed include instructional design theory; instructional systems theory; mental models; categories of knowledge; knowledge representation; instructional strategies; collaborative…
Merrill, M. David
In Phase 1 of this four-phase cycle, requests for new systems or for evaluation of current systems are reviewed. Those seeming to have the most promise in terms of improved instruction, increased efficiency, and economy will be assigned priorities subject to constraints of material and manpower resources. In Phase 2, a detailed definition of the…
Individual with so-called mild bleeding disorders (MBD) are being investigated with increasing frequency on an outpatient basis at the Central Hematology Laboratory of the Inselspital, Berne. Following diagnosis of a given disorder the patients are informed orally, and sometimes also in writing, concerning the nature of the disorder, prophylactic and therapeutic measures prior to elective surgery, and the role of certain drugs in promoting hemorrhage. In the present study we attempt to evaluate the quality of these specialized medical services catamnestically. As a first step 67 patients with well defined bleeding disorders, and who had had no further contact with this institution since the investigation, were invited for interview. The interviewer was unknown to the patients and the patients participating in the study remained anonymous. A total of 47 patients came for interview. The goal of the enquiry was to find out how far the advice given by the physicians of our laboratory had been actually taken, or what were the possible grounds for ignoring it. Since MBD causes few symptoms in everyday life and complications may arise only as a consequence of surgery, there were particular problems in properly informing patients and thereby motivating them to act on medical advice. On the basis of the criteria selected, two thirds of patients showed adequate, and one third inadequate, compliance. Compliant patients correlated significantly with understanding of diagnosis, carrying brief written information with them for emergencies, coping with disease in general, poor perception of their own body, a "positive memory for medical advice", and their position within the family.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:3659875
Dywer, Francis M.; Parkhurst, Perrin E.
Describes an experiment with 332 students enrolled in an instructional media course at Pennsylvania State University which evaluated the instructional effectiveness of self-paced instruction when units were accompanied by visual aids differing in amounts of realistic detail and the relationship to a student's reading comprehension level. Nineteen…
that these efforts typically complemented programs focused on the evaluation of teaching. 9 In libraries, too, there is rising interest in the evaluation of instruction, and anyone responsible for evaluating library instruction must remember that any such effort..., and Michelle White, ?The Portfolio: An Instruction Program Assessment Tool,? Reference Services Review 29, no. 4 (2001): 294. Francine DeFranco and Richard Bleiler, Evaluating Library Instruction [SPEC Kit No. 279] (Washington, DC: Association of Research...
Ysseldyke, Jim; Tardrew, Steve; Betts, Joe; Thill, Teri; Hannigan, Eileen
The effect of a self-directed mathematics program on the math achievement of students who are gifted and talented (GT) was evaluated. An instructional management system, Accelerated Math (Advantage Learning Systems, 1998a), was used to assign instruction, monitor student progress, and provide teachers with the information they needed to…
Bickford, James O.; Falco, Ruth A.
Introduction: The study reported here evaluated whether there was a difference in students' outcomes for braille fluency when instruction was provided with traditional braille media or refreshable braille. Students' and teachers' perceptions of the efficacy of the use of the different instructional media were analyzed. Methods: Nine students from…
Hayashi, Yusuke; Isotani, Seiji; Bourdeau, Jacqueline; Mizoguchi, Riichiro
Many instructional design models have been proposed and their benefits are evident. However, there is lack of a common and formal notation to describe the product of the design. This causes difficulty in evaluating the product (the course) in the development. To eliminate the difficulty, we need a formal framework which has enough semantics for keeping the consistency of the product. Thus, this work aims at proposing a unified modeling framework for learning and instruction based on ontologies that has the potential to support some phases of instructional design. Furthermore, we give an example of how one-to-one instruction and collaborative learning are modeled on the proposed framework.
Chaudry, Muhammad Ajmal; ur-Rahman, Fazal
Instructional design refers to planning, development, delivery and evaluation of instructional system. It is an applied field of study aiming at the application of descriptive research outcomes in regular instructional settings. The present study was designed to critically review the process of instructional design at Allama Iqbal Open University…
Cook, J. Marvin
The effects of instructional treatments are most often evaluated on the basis of an analysis of posttests given immediately following the completion of the instruction. In order to compare the relative effectiveness of different methods of instruction, it is also useful to know something about the retention effects of various instructional…
Tennyson, Robert D.
Discusses a four-phase development model which was deliberately constructed to eliminate the boxes and arrows commonly used to illustrate how development works. A well organized development system would be too complex to diagram, and if it were diagrammed, no one could follow it. (Author/JEG)
This document provides instructions for writing reports for the technical fields. The document includes general instructions, guidelines on report structure, grading information and a grading sheet. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.
Mathematica, Princeton, NJ.
Assuming that new developments in communications technology will result in reduced costs for social service delivery, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare needed information about the role it could play in implementing instructional television (ITV). A study was designed to assess general educational programing costs and the potential…
An intelligent videodisc system on which comprehensive instructional development research can be conducted has been developed. This integrated learning system combines all other existing media, except objects, using a videodisc, microcomputer, printer, single monitor, hard disc storage with CPU for random access digitized audio, and headphones.…
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Research, Evaluation, and Assessment.
The Division of High Schools Public Law 100.297 Instructional Support program serves eligible students, ages 12-21, who have entered New York City public schools after attending state-operated or state-supported settings and who are encountering difficulties adjusting to the high school special education environment. In 1992-93 the program served…
Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA) was a federally funded program serving 960 limited-English-proficient students in 10 Manhattan (New York) elementary schools in 1992-93 its third year of operation. The project provided instruction in English as a Second Language (ESL), mathematics, science, and social studies in…
Mathematica, Princeton, NJ.
A study was prepared for the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (DHEW) on the role DHEW could play in the implementation of instructional television. This volume of the study provides a detailed description of alternative delivery systems. It analyzes the different technical capabilities and component costs of a variety of distribution…
The Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of an Electronics Curriculum Using Computer-Assisted Instruction/Computer-Controlled Laboratory at Motlow State Community College, Tullahoma, Tennessee.
Hasty, Doyle E.
Motlow State Community College (MSCC) in Tullahoma, Tennessee, received a federal grant to develop and implement an electronics computer-assisted instruction (CAI) classroom and an electronics computer-controlled laboratory (CCL). A portion of a complete CAI/CCL electronics curriculum developed by NIDA Corporation was developed, implemented, and…
Augustin, Marc A.
The Alternative Basic Comprehension Program (Project A.B.C.) for bilingual high school students was a special alternative instructional program funded by Title VII for the third year at two high schools in the Bronx. In the year under review, Project A.B.C. served 260 students of limited English proficiency (LEP). Participating students received…
The coding language INSTRUCT is a high-level programing language designed for programing computer-assisted instruction lessons. As it is presently implemented on the PDP-10 computer, a "lesson processor" transforms the INSTRUCT lessons into a numeric code that can be understood by a teaching program called INST. INST controls the interaction…
Department of the Air Force, Washington, DC.
The manual presents a technology of instructional design and a model for developing and conducting efficient and cost effective Air Force instructional systems. Chapter 1 provides an overview of Instructional System Development (ISD). Chapters 2-6 each focus on a step of the process: analysis of system requirements; definition of…
Klaus, David J.
To improve education, creative alternatives to existing practices must be developed. Instructional technology offers promise, but its potential can be made use of fully only within a systems approach, applied both to improving structures of education and instructional processes. The systems approach can plan a system of instruction which has all…
Pressley, Michael; Roehrig, Alysia; Bogner, Kristen; Raphael, Lisa M.; Dolezal, Sara
This article reviews the evidence for balanced literacy instruction in the elementary years. The case is made that the balanced instructional model is particularly appropriate and beneficial for students who have initial difficulties in learning to read and write. Key features of successful reading instruction programs are described. (Contains…
Martin, Florence; Pastore, Raymond; Snider, Jean
This paper describes an instructional design class's experience developing instruction for the mobile web. The class was taught at a southeastern university in the United States in a master's level computer based instruction course. Two example projects are showcased and student reflections on design issues are highlighted. Additionally,…
These three reports present instructional data for Mercer County Community College for Summer and Fall 1980 and Spring 1981. The first report, covering summer sessions from 1974 through 1980, examines instructional hours, class size, student credit hours (SCRH), student contact hours (SCH), income/cost measures, instructional staff, full-time…
Hosp, John L.; Ardoin, Scott P.
Assessment is a common task in education that has many varied purposes. One of these is the use of assessment data to make decisions about instructional planning. This article presents a framework for how to use assessment data to plan instruction. It also provides some background on terminology of assessment for instructional planning,…
Many administrators are so overwhelmed by the basic responsibilities of their daily work that there seems to be little or no time left for providing quality leadership in instruction. Instead, schools employ department chairs, instructional specialists, and coordinators to provide instructional leadership. How can administrators find time in the…
Dumolin, J. R.
Various aspects of utilizing instructional television (ITV) are summarized and evaluated and basic guidelines for future utilization of television as an instructional medium in education are considered. The role of technology in education, capabilities and limitations of television as an instructional media system and the state of ITV research efforts are discussed. Examples of various ongoing ITV programs are given and summarized. The problems involved in the three stages of the ITV process (production, distribution, and classroom utilization) are presented. A summary analysis outlines probable trends in future utilization.
Naohisa Hashimoto; Shin Kato; Sadayuki Tsugawa
We studied different types of guidance systems and proposed some comprehensive human machine interfaces (HMIs) using this system for providing instructions for vehicle control to elderly drivers. Experimental studies and a questionnaire survey were carried out for evaluating the validity of the system. HMI was evaluated on the basis of experiments involving eighteen elderly drivers. All the drivers could steer
Golas, Katharine C.
Comparison of costs and effectiveness of using student data for formative evaluation of instructional materials and of using instructional editing guidelines incorporating attributes of effective instruction indicate greater cost-effectiveness if guidelines are used, with no significant difference in instructional effectiveness. Subjects were 70…
Ahmed, Shafi Uddin; Ahmad, Mainuddin; Nessa, Taufiqun
This is no easy way to improve teaching. Not one or even two activities are right or best for all instructions. The improvement of instruction requires a multi directional approach. When faculty members, departmental heads or interested administrator come across an idea they find appealing, they often tend to be converted and start proselytizing. The way to better teaching lies in review of videotaped teaching samples or diagnostic student evaluation with consultation, or seminars on course design, or monitoring with master teachers, peer assessment or whatever the favored strategy happens to be. All of these are possible ways to better teaching, made right or best only after they have been carefully matched with their instructional needs of the teacher, course content & instructional setting. PMID:12148401
Youngkin, C Andrew
New web-based instructional technologies provide health sciences librarians with tools to enhance delivery of reference services, reinforce library instruction, and facilitate outreach activities. Of the many emerging, new web technologies recently available to health information professionals, 12 resources are presented in this article to explain the value these tools bring to informational and instructional settings to enhance demonstration, facilitate collaborative activities, encourage communication, and evaluate learning/understanding. PMID:25023016
This report provides background information and instructions to assist applicants in writing Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) applications. Initial feedback fro usage for the new instructions shows that the best instructions would not be read and followed by all applicants. Applications from more than thirty applicants who have received the new instructions indicated that few had read the instructions. Based on this feedback, the instructions have been further revised to include a title page and table of contents. A warning was also added to advise applicants of the potential penalty of delayed review if these instructions are not followed. This revision was intended to address the possibility that some applicants did not see or bother to follow the instructions which followed the background information about ERIP. Included are two examples of ERIP applications which have been prepared for handout at workshops or mailing to applicants. Writing of example applications was time consuming and more difficult than expected for several reasons: (1) Full disclosures can be lengthy, very detailed, and technical. This contrasts with the desire to prepare examples which are comparatively short and easy for the non-technical person to read. (2) Disclosures contain confidential information which should not be published. (3) It is difficult to imagine that applicants will study examples when they do not bother to read the basic instructions.
Emily M. Reiser; Mark E. Markes
Studies indicate that pre-existing misconceptions negatively impact the effectiveness of traditional physics education. Research has also shown that activity based instruction improves posttest scores on conceptual evaluations. However, the specific effect of activity based instruction on students who have pre-existing misconceptions that lecture instruction fails to remove is an important but unanswered question due to the impossibility of instructing a
Plattor, Emma; McQueen, Wilma
Outlines the research on handwriting instruction, explaining the importance of handwriting instruction, the controversy over manuscript and cursive writing, and the uniqueness of left-handers. Discusses ways to make handwriting instruction more interesting. (SRT)
Hashimoto, Naohisa; Kato, Shin; Tsugawa, Sadayuki
We studied different types of guidance systems and proposed some comprehensive human machine interfaces (HMIs) using this system for providing instructions for vehicle control to elderly drivers. Experimental studies and a questionnaire survey were carried out for evaluating the validity of the system. HMI was evaluated on the basis of experiments involving eighteen elderly drivers. All the drivers could steer their respective vehicles to the target parking space without swerving. Thus, the proposed HMI was confirmed to be useful instructions to elderly drivers in this road-side parking assistance system.
Plotkin, Joshua B.
2012-2013 Golf Center Instructional Classes PennFit Wellness Intramural Sports Outdoor Adventures Pilates Facility Hours Membership Group Exercise Sport Clubs Climbing Wall Personal Training www/Lockers/Towels/Youth/Etiquette PENNFIT PROGRAMS SPORT CLUBS GROUP EXERCISE & INSTRUCTIONAL CLASSES 15CLIMBING WALL Hours
Turcotte, Raymond J.; And Others
To assist bricklaying instructors in providing comprehensive instruction to their students, this curriculum guide treats both the skills and information necessary for bricklaying in commercial and industrial construction. Eight instructional units are included, as follow: general orientation; tools and equipment; safety; materials; human…
Lipson, Joseph I.
An examination of the general uses of video in instruction helps to formulate appropriate policy for maximizing video production and use. Wide use of instructional television makes advanced knowledge more usable and increases public awareness of new discoveries, reduces the time lag between conception and application of ideas which change society,…
to help groups carry out the requested analyses. All chromosomes, excluding the sex-chromosomes. GenotypedGeneral instructions Chromosomes Genotypes Data upload Trait-specific instructions 1) Results if appropriate Height (raw trait) = age + sex + other study specific covariates -> residuals -> make z
Dills, Charles R., Ed.; Romiszowski, Alexander J., Ed.
The book consists of 46 chapters by numerous authors, divided into six parts. Part 1, "The Moving Target: Instructional Development from a Philosophical Vantage Point," addresses the questions: To what extent is instructional design in fact a valid and thriving area? and To what extent and in what quarters is it considered to be a dying or…
CATESOL Journal, 1992
This English-as-a-Second Language (ESL) journal periodical devotes entire issues to specific issues. The theme of this issue is "Content-Base Instruction." Articles include: "Syllabus Design in Content-Based Instruction" (David E. Eskey); "How Relevant Is Relevance?: An Examination of Student Needs, Interests, and Motivation in the Content-Based…
Banashak, Joan M.
The Innovative Instructional Incentive Plan represents a set of goals and action strategies for implementing the school improvement plan of the Fairway Elementary School in Miramar, Florida, where instructional time was being lost due to disruptive student behavior, and where behavioral infractions were not always dealt with quickly or…
Tarver, Sara, Ed.
These three issues of a newsletter offer diverse kinds of information deemed to be of interest to Association for Direct Instruction (ADI) members--stories of successful implementations in different settings, write-ups of ADI awards, tips on "how to" deliver direct instruction (DI) more effectively, topical articles focused on particular types of…
Corre, Le; Jacoud, R.
The Paris Faculty of Science is developing programs in computer-assisted instruction (CAI). Their first goal is to develop "questionnaires" (instructional sequences) administered by teletype machines which check on a student's knowledge in an area and draw his attention to basic concepts, definitions, and theorems in that area. Using an IBM 360/30…
Naz, Bibi Asia
"Learning can be defined as change in a student's capacity for performance as a result of experience" (Kenneth D. Moore). The intended changes should be specified in instructional objectives. Viewed in this context, an objective can be defined as a clear and unambiguous description of your instructional intent. An objective is not a statement of…
McAdoo, Monty L.
Being a great teacher is part and parcel of being a great librarian. In this book, veteran instruction services librarian McAdoo lays out the fundamentals of the discipline in easily accessible language. Succinctly covering the topic from top to bottom, he: (1) Offers an overview of the historical context of library instruction, drawing on recent…
Taber, Julian I.; and Others
Programed instruction applies what is known about learning to educational psychology. The success of programed learning is determined by the material used and by the construction of this material. In order to construct effective learning sequences, the behavioral end products of instruction must be specified clearly and precisely. The subject…
Palincsar, Annemarie Sullivan
Effective metacognitive instruction uses such procedures as "reciprocal high teaching" in which junior students take the teacher role and lead a dialog on text meaning. Components of successful metacognitive strategy instruction are: selecting useful and teachable strategies; informing learners of purpose; transfering control from teacher to…
Smith, Nila Banton
A presentation of the history of reading instruction in the United States, this book is a special edition of Nila Banton Smith's original 1965 volume with the addition of a prologue on her life, and an epilogue which updates the history of reading instruction from 1965 to 1985. Chapter headings consist of: (1) The Beginnings of Reading…
Podshadley, Dale W.
D. W. Podshadley discusses, in this paper, the roles in dental education of instructional technology, specifically single-concept films, simulation, dial-and-random-access systems, television, programed instruction and computers. He also discusses the continuing education of dentists, and looks at dental health in relation to the public. He…
ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics, Washington, DC.
Given recent research that encourages more frequent use of the discussion method in teaching, this digest reviews the role of instructional conversations (ICs) in second language learning. ICs, instructional in content and conversational in quality, offer natural and spontaneous language interactions that are free from the didactic characteristics…
Carnine, Douglas; And Others
How laser videodisc technology can be used to improve mathematics instruction is described, with note of the development of a videodisc curriculum on mastering fractions. Relevant research is reviewed, as well as how teachers can use the technology. The instructional design is described, and field-testing and revision reported. (MNS)
EMR (Cerner) Instructions for E-Learning and Access #12; Page 2 of 14 Steps What Page Results B. Submit Competency Test Results to Education Management 11 Step 4 A. Receive EMR (Cerner) Access via Secured E-mail B. Using instructions provided in E-mail, login to EMR (Cerner) and set preferences
Yusuf, Mian Muhammad
Findings of a 1989 research study on LOGO-based instruction for teaching abstract concepts of geometry are reported in an effort to encourage mathematics teachers to use the LOGO language in computer-assisted instruction. Thirty-three ninth graders (19 males and 14 females) (6 white students and 27 black students) were involved in the controlled…
Lundeberg, Mary A.
This study was designed to measure some effects of supplemental instruction in chemistry. Supplemental instruction is a peer-led cooperative learning program that encourages students to develop conceptual understanding by articulating both understandings and misconceptions in a think-aloud fashion. Supplemental instruction was offered three hours weekly outside of class and lab time for students in four classes of General Organic and Biological Chemistry. Over a two-year period 108 students volunteered to participate in this program; 45 students did not participate. As measured by final grades in chemistry and responses to a questionnaire, supplemental instruction was effective in increasing students' achievement in chemistry. Further research is needed to determine the in-depth effects of supplemental instruction on students' learning, problem solving, and self-esteem.
Turner, Diane J.; Grotzky, Marilyn E.
Describes the use of paraprofessional library staff at Aurora Library (Colorado) to teach part of the bibliographic instruction sessions. Highlights include strategic planning, revising the library instruction program to incorporate reduction and still meet the students' educational needs, staff attitudes, and program evaluation and changes. (LRW)
Russell, J. Curtis; And Others
Evaluated effectiveness of instruction and presentation format of course on alcohol consumption and safe driving given to individuals convicted of first offense of driving while under the influence. Results showed that instructional information significantly increased clients' knowledge of alcohol and drug abuse and safe driving; course did not…
Scruggs, Thomas E.; Mastropieri, Margo A.
This commentary on C. Addison Stone's paper on the scaffolding metaphor for the learning disabilities field urges that all available literature, rather than a particular metaphor, should be used to evaluate the efficacy of instructional procedures in interpreting findings of instructional research. (Author/DB)
Whether or not "instruction" appears in their job titles, librarians are often in the position of educating their users, colleagues, and peers to successfully locate and evaluate information. Because MLIS education tends to offer less-than-comprehensive preparation in pedagogy and instructional design, this much-needed book tackles the challenge…
Lowe, Nedra; Bickel, Robert
This study examined whether computer-assisted instruction (CAI), compared to conventional instruction, would improve the teaching of grammar and writing to college students studying developmental communication. A quasi-experimental pretest/posttest evaluation indicated students receiving CAI enjoyed a substantial advantage in the presence of a…
Asp, Elaine H.; Gordon, Joan
Menu-planning concepts, teaching and learning theory, and computer-assisted instruction were integrated to develop an interactive computer-assisted instructional menu planning program. The program was used to study the manner in which student and expert menu planners use knowledge when evaluating and revising a problem menu. (DS)
Wulfeck, Wallace H., II; And Others
This report describes the instructional quality inventory (IQI), which was developed to provide quality control/evaluation procedures for the instructional system development (ISD). The ISD is described as a method used by the military to develop or revise training courses. IQI procedures are detailed in six sections. Section 1 explains the IQI…
Berninger, Virginia W.; Winn, William D.; Stock, Patricia; Abbott, Robert D.; Eschen, Kate; Lin, Shin-Ju; Garcia, Noelia; Anderson-Youngstrom, Marci; Murphy, Heather; Lovitt, Dan; Trivedi, Pamala; Jones, Janine; Amtmann, Dagmar; Nagy, William
Two instructional experiments used randomized, controlled designs to evaluate the effectiveness of writing instruction for students with carefully diagnosed dyslexia, which is both an oral reading and writing disorder, characterized by impaired "word" decoding, reading, and spelling. In Study 1 (4th to 6th grade sample and 7th to 9th grade…
Goodwin, Deborah; Webb, Mary Ann
A review of available books, articles and on-line resources which deal with "Research-Based Instructional Strategies" will produce a plethora of materials which promote the effectiveness of these strategies on student achievement. Also, a perusal of classroom instruction and teacher evaluation instruments will reveal that many of the…
...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants B... HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants Pt...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants...
...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants B... HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants Pt...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants...
...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants B... HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants Pt...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants...
Simmons, M.L.; Wasserman, H.J.
RISC System/6000 computers are workstations with a reduced instruction set processor recently developed by IBM. This report details the performance of the 6000-series computers as measured using a set of portable, standard-Fortran, computationally-intensive benchmark codes that represent the scientific workload at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. On all but three of our benchmark codes, the 40-ns RISC System was able to perform as well as a single Convex C-240 processor, a vector processor that also has a 40-ns clock cycle, and on these same codes, it performed as well as the FPS-500, a vector processor with a 30-ns clock cycle. 17 refs., 2 figs., 6 tabs.
Delialioglu, Omer; Yildirim, Zahide
Using the model for learning and teaching activities (MOLTA), a new technology enhanced hybrid instruction was designed, developed and implemented. The effectiveness of the hybrid instruction in regard to students' achievement, knowledge retention, attitudes towards the subject, and course satisfaction was evaluated in comparison to traditional…
Differentiated instruction means matching instruction to meet the different needs of learners. To deliver the wide range of instruction required to accommodate differing levels of learners in a classroom, teachers must use data-informed, small group instruction designed specifically to meet students' needs (Kosanovich, Ladinsky, Nelson, Torgesen,…
Barlow, Angela T.; Frick, Tasha M.; Barker, Heather L.; Phelps, Amy J.
Modeling Instruction holds the potential for transforming science instruction and improving student achievement. Key to the success of Modeling Instruction, however, is the fidelity of implementation of its curriculum. This qualitative study examined the impact of Modeling Instruction professional development on participating teachers'…
This paper highlights the instructional design process followed by the Maricopa Community College faculty in the creation of instructional modules in Digital Visual Literacy. The paper categorizes 10 tasks that an instructional designer, a teacher, or a trainer performs during the design phase of the instructional design process. The importance of…
Merrill, M. David; And Others
Instructional Transaction Theory specifies a set of rules for automated instructional design and development. Components include descriptive theories of knowledge and of strategy, and a prescriptive theory of instructional design. Rules include selecting and sequencing knowledge objects, selecting and sequencing instructional transactions,…
Smith, Amy E; Haney, Craig
This research examined the effects of several versions of capital penalty phase instructions on juror comprehension. Study One documented the impact of California's recently implemented "plain language" instruction. It showed that although the new instruction has clear advantages over the previous version, significant comprehension problems remain. Study Two evaluated several modified instructions designed to enhance comprehension. Participants heard either a standard patterned instruction or one of two alternatives-a psycholinguistically improved instruction, or a "pinpoint" instruction using case-related facts to illustrate key terms-in a simulated death penalty sentencing phase. Persons who heard modified instructions demonstrated higher levels of comprehension on virtually every measure as compared to those in the standard instruction condition. PMID:20936335
Safavi, Seyedeh Azadeh; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Tarmizi, Rohani Ahmad; Alwi, Nor Hayati
Enhancing quality of instruction can be defined as the main purpose of instructional evaluation procedures in universities. Many universities collect and analyze feedback information from student ratings for the purpose of instructional improvement. Nevertheless, concrete research evidence is still needed to explore whether this purpose has been…
Instructional design is at the heart of each educational endeavour. This process revolves around the steps through which the thoughtful productions of superior products are created. The ADDIE generic instructional design model emphasises five basic steps within the instructional design process: analyse, design, develop, implement and evaluate. The…
Sood, Sheetal; Jitendra, Asha K.
This study compared number sense instruction in three first-grade traditional mathematics textbooks and one reform-based textbook ("Everyday Mathematics" [EM]). Textbooks were evaluated with regard to their adherence to principles of effective instruction (e.g., big ideas, conspicuous instruction). The results indicated that traditional textbooks…
Strittmatter, Connie; Bratton, Virginia K.
The library literature on plagiarism instruction focuses on students' understanding of what plagiarism is and is not. This study evaluates the effect of library instruction from a broader perspective by examining the pre- and posttest (instruction) levels of students' perceptions toward plagiarism ethics. Eighty-six students completed a pre- and…
Persselin, Leo E.
Reported are the origins, development, and preliminary evaluation of a self-instructional training system to prepare deaf high school students for entry-level electronic assembly jobs in industry. Description of the training system focuses on the following topics: the instructional concept on which the system is based; the method of instruction…
Linari, Ronald; Belmont, Robert
The authors discuss the special resources needed to provide vocational instruction to special needs students. Topics covered include (1) required supportive personnel, (2) requisite skills for vocational resource personnel, (3) vocational resource techniques, (4) instruction, (5) instructional materials, and (6) evaluation. (CH)
This research provides an understanding of how the 5E instructional method combined with educational technology tools can be used in teaching undergraduate college level anatomy and physiology laboratory classes. The 5E instructional model is the exemplary instructional model in teaching biology for high school students. The phases in the 5E learning cycle are Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, and Evaluate. In
Weber, James R.
Instructional leadership is long-term dedication to instructional excellence that includes both instructional and school management issues. Recent research suggests that effective principals can make a significant difference in their schools' instructional programs through a combination of personal traits, particularly a strong belief in their…
Brenner, Lisa P.; Kraatz, James
Changes in the design and implementation of instructional simulations on the PLATO IV system have evolved in the direction of more explanation, evaluation, and streamlined simulation. Student pressure to use their own problem solving processes, the practical system limitations of producing environmentally complex simulations, and student confusion…
Hartford, Fred; Good, Ron
Evaluates the CHEM study topics of kinetic theory of gases, phase changes, chemical bonds, and equilibrium as to the level of cognitive development required for an understanding of each subject. Advocates an assignment of topics within the range of a student's cognitive ability in an individual study format of instruction. (CP)
Ostrander, Betty; And Others
Text, illustrations, and reinforcement exercises are utilized in these nine learning modules to instruct nurses and expectant mothers in topics related to pre-natal care, labor, and post-partum readjustment. The first module, "Pre-Natal Evaluation" by Betty Ostrander, teaches the nurse to diagnose toxemia of pregnancy. The second module,…
Tindal, Gerald; Hasbrouck, Jan
A system is presented for advancing writing assessment beyond simple summative statements into a procedure for planning and evaluating instruction for all students, particularly those with learning disabilities. Case studies are presented in which writing samples are analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively for story idea,…
Germain, Carol Anne; Bobish, Gregory
Outlines strategies academic librarians can incorporate to develop effective Web-based tools for library instruction. Topics include Web page design; content; technical and copyright issues; usability and evaluation; site maintenance; Web coding tools; and examples from the University at Albany and the Texas Information Literacy Tutorial (TILT) at…
The purpose of this study is to examine the first grade teachers' practices of handwriting instructions in terms of teaching, evaluation and handwriting difficulties. From qualitative research patterns, phenomenology was used. The study was applied to the 54 First grade teachers who work at central Burdur and Burdur county centre primary education…
Ross, Kenneth A.
important database operations, in- cluding sequential scans, aggregation, index operations, and joins. We of operations in a database context, and show how the inner loop of the operations can be accelerated using SIMD instructions. We have implemented various inner loop algorithms, and have evaluated their performance
Simpson, Mark W.; Bolduc-Simpson, Sheila
Describes the content and structure of a computer-assisted reading instruction program for intermediate level adults learning English in a business environment. The program focuses on the three reading subskills of skimming, scanning, and guessing. Suggestions for teachers on how to evaluate effective courseware are provided. (Author/SED)
Discusses library instruction in the use of CD-ROMs and describes results of a survey of CD-ROM users at C.W. Post College (NY), including characteristics of CD-ROM users, evaluating searches, advanced search techniques, learning and using the system, and changes in CD-ROM users from 1992 to 1996. (LRW)
Kosinski, Robert J.
Describes eight steps in producing computer-assisted-instruction materials. They include selecting a topic, selecting approach to the topic, researching the topic, obtaining a programmer, writing problem definition, soliciting evaluation, field testing, preparing documentation, and monitoring efforts during program production. Also describes a…
Martin, J.L.; Warnock, T.
In an effort to obtain data for workload characterization and performance evaluation studies, statistics were gathered on the frequencies of individual instructions in codes executing on the Cray-1. Two methods were used for the collection of data: (1) direct dynamic counting of executing instructions and (2) sampling of instructions at regular intervals during execution of the code. This paper describes the implementation of both methods and compares the results obtained. We conclude that because the Cray-1 is a vector processor, the sampling technique produces skewed results that misrepresent the workload being examined. Therefore, although it is easier to implement, sampling produces inaccurate results and is an invalid approach to performance evaluation studies on a vector computer. The counting of instructions provides a valuable profile of instruction frequencies and is a stable basis on which to build performance estimations.
Students use the free computer game Pingus to learn how engineers, specifically environmental engineers, use their technical writing skills to give instructions and follow the instructions of others. Students learn to write instructions to express their ideas in clear, organized ways using descriptive, un-ambiguous sentences, as an example of one type of technical writing that important for engineers. The students write instructions enumerating how to beat a game level, which represents surveying that level for environmental problems. As a test of their instructions, students review each others' instructions and offer suggestions for improvement, and then revise their instructions to make them better. Students also see some examples of environmental problems.
Al-Najjar, Rana Abdel-Rahman
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate pronunciation teaching with regard to an EFL multi-skills textbook ("English for Palestine 10"). The evaluation was intended to identify the extent to which pronunciation teaching content incorporated in" English for Palestine 10," in addition to the related teachers' competency level match current…
Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.
This guide developed by MicroSIFT, a clearinghouse for microcomputer-based educational software and courseware, provides background information and forms to aid teachers and other educators in evaluating available microcomputer courseware. The evaluation process comprises six stages: (1) sifting, which screens out those programs that are not…
Oakland Public Schools, CA.
This research report attempts to place the evaluation of the library services on a quantifiable, reproducible basis. Since the research design was developed after the project was well under way, no cause-effect inferences can be made. Each of the ten chapters covers one phase of the evaluation design: (1) Librarian's Description of the Project,…
Burbank, Lucille; Pett, Dennis
Discusses the importance of identifying the audience and determining specific objectives when designing printed instructional materials that will communicate effectively and provides detailed guidelines for dealing with such design factors as content, writing style, typography, illustrations, and page organization. (MBR)
NASSP Bulletin, 1972
Discusses the instructional medium of 8mm film and the incompatibility problem: standard 8 versus super 8, silent versus sound, cartridge versus reel-to-reel, optical sound versus magnetic sound, and the silent 8mm film loop. (AN)
developed to evaluate the scheme is presented. The model is capable of handling variable number of threads, functional units, window sizes, operand buses, write ports and the number of instructions fetched. The cost of the proposed scheme and another...
Flynn, M.J.; Mitchell, C.L.; Mulder, J.M.
This article shows that RISC performance estimates, when compared to alternative conventional CISC (such as VAX, S/360, etc.) approaches, seem impressive. While there have been critical appraisals of the RISC approach, the comparative performance evaluations provide formidable, although qualified, evidence in its favor. The purpose here is to evaluate and compare RISC-type designs with non-RISC instruction-set extensions using a level playing field: with similar compiler strategies, without compatibility considerations, and with similar implementation constraints. The author also deal with instruction set evaluation. The data presented is based on five benchmark programs discussed later. Instruction sets have many attributes as well as constraints. The key to careful instruction set evaluation is to consider key attributes and the tradeoffs possible among them in light of implementation constraints.
Wackermann, Rainer; Trendel, Georg; Fischer, Hans E.
The background of the study is the theory of "basis models of teaching and learning", a comprehensive set of models of learning processes which includes, for example, learning through experience and problem-solving. The combined use of different models of learning processes has not been fully investigated and it is frequently not clear under what…
Zhang, Shenglan; Duke, Nell K.
Much research has demonstrated that students are largely uncritical users of Web sites as sources of information. Research-tested frameworks are needed to increase elementary-age students' awareness of the need and ability to critically evaluate Web sites as sources of information. This study is a randomized field trial of such a framework called…
Anastasio, Ernest J.
Progress made on the development of a plan for evaluating the cost performance and educational benefits of the TICCIT and PLATO projects is summarized in this annual report. The basic focus of the first section of the report, Cost Analysis, is to provide answers to the fundamental question of how much these two CAI methods cost compared with some…
Riggan, Matt; Fink, Ryan; Sam, Cecile; Darfler, Anne
This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures" ™ in Education program in Erie Public Schools (EPS). As described in the CPRE proposal and research design, the purpose was to closely analyze…
Sam, Cecile; Riggan, Matt
This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures"™ in Education program in Cincinnati Public Schools (CPS). The purpose was to closely analyze district capacity to support system-wide…
Fink, Ryan; Riggan, Matt
This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures"™ in Education program in Stamford Public Schools (SPS). The purpose was to closely analyze district capacity to support system-wide…
Darfler, Anne; Riggan, Matt
This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures"™ in Education program in Jefferson County Public Schools (JCPS). As described in the CPRE proposal and research design, the purpose was to…
A teacher evaluation system can be threatening to faculty, especially if used for summative decisions. Therefore, it is important to obtain valid and pertinent information. Since students are extensively exposed to course elements, students' evaluation of instruction should be one of several components in the teacher evaluation system. Since…
Martin, Wendy; Strother, Scott; Beglau, Monica; Bates, Lauren; Reitzes, Timothy; Culp, Katherine McMillan
This article presents findings from an evaluation of an instructional-technology professional development (PD) program that uses many practices advocated by PD experts. In this multiphase evaluation, evaluators examined the program, determined whether variations in program implementation had an impact on teacher outcomes, and then looked at…
Roytek, Margaret A.
Instructional systems design (ISD) has been frequently criticised as taking too long to implement, calling for a reduction in cycle time--the time that elapses between project initiation and delivery. While instructional design research has historically focused on increasing "learner" efficiencies, the study of what instructional designers do to…
A manual designed both as an instructional manual for beginning coders and as a reference manual for the coding language INSTRUCT, is presented. The manual includes the major programs necessary to implement the teaching system and lists the limitation of current implementation. A detailed description is given of how to code a lesson, what buttons to push, and what utility programs to use. Suggestions for debugging coded lessons and the error messages that may be received during assembly or while running the lesson are given.
Reviews recent research suggesting that teachers may unintentionally perpetuate social class stratification during reading instruction. Explores possible solutions to the unequal treatment of social classes during reading instruction. (HTH)
Catherine J. Schaap (University of Prince Edward Island; )
This chapter introduces how computer-aided instruction may be used in the biology laboratory setting. Descriptions of programs, suggestions on how to find instructional software, and general guides and resources are included.
Information concerning the latest innovations in instructional methods and materials can now be obtained by forward-looking educational communities. An Instructional Systems Clearinghouse puts technology at the fingertips of those who are interested in educational advantage. (Author)
Sadler, Troy D.; Puig, Ana; Trutschel, Brian K.
In the process of working through evaluation of efforts to transform undergraduate laboratory experiences at our institution, we developed a protocol for observing laboratory learning environments that could be used in varying institutional contexts. We began using the Instructional Practices Inventory and found many strengths in this protocol but…
Malitz, Gerald S.
A new classification of instructional programs is presented that includes terms and definitions for describing instructional programs for all of education. The classification should be helpful in the tasks of collecting, recording, reporting, analyzing, interpreting, and disseminating data about instructional programs. Information is presented on…
Gustafson, Kent L.; Branch, Robert Maribe
Presents some of the early history of instructional development models; discusses the role of models in instructional development; reviews some of the more influential models; and discusses the possible impact of selected trends on future models of instructional development, including electronic performance support systems and rapid prototyping.…
Provides an historical sketch of form-focused instruction research, defines what is meant by form-focused instruction, and discusses the main research methods that have been used to investigate form-focused instruction in terms of a broad distinction between confirmatory and interpretive research. (Author/VWL)
Gray, Jeffrey J.
Services University of Guelph Designed by: Doug Schaefer Graphic Designer Teaching Support ServicesThe Universal Instructional Design Implementation Guide #12;U n i v e r s a l I n s t r u c t i o n Manager and Instructional Designer Universal Instructional Design Project Teaching Support Services
Johnson, Milo P.
The multimedia instructional system used at Mt. San Jacinto College (California) provides instruction to help students achieve more of the course objectives. How to write objectives, different ways to utilize media, and individual, small group, and large group instruction are some of the topics discussed. Some advantages of this system are: (1)…
Discussion of academic library instruction focuses on helping users learn online resources. Topics include science instruction; integrating short, subject-specific online instruction into the classroom; virtual tours; long-term approaches; integrating online modules into undergraduate courses; corporate librarians' efforts; and vendors' Web-based…
The first of eight major sections in this report on the use of instructional video at the University of Washington focuses on the usefulness of video. The second section provides an overview of videotape and videodisc technology, and the third lists instructional goals which may be achieved through instructional video. Examples of the use of video…
Explains instructional syntax analysis, a tool to demonstrate and analyze the interaction and communication between the computer instructional system and the computer user. Focuses on two areas of technology-based instruction: modeling/visualization and online learning. Discusses the rating of interactivity on scales of immersion and of…
Fisher, Charles W.; And Others
The Significant Bilingual Instructional Features (SBIF) study identified, described, and verified features of bilingual instruction of a wide variety of limited English proficient (LEP) students. It collected data on instructional organization, time allocation, classroom language use, active teaching behaviors, academic learning time, student…
Moine, Virgile; And Others
This issue of "Schulpraxis," a Swiss journal for language teaching, is devoted to Italian instruction in Switzerland. It includes: (1) an interpretation of the poem "Le morte chitarre" by Salvatore Quasimodo, conducted in a girls' school in German Switzerland, (2) a presentation of principles for an Italian textbook to be based on modern…
Dunkleman, Ellie; And Others
Text, illustrations, and exercises are utilized in this set of four learning modules designed to instruct nursing students in techniques and equipment utilized for intramuscular injections. The first module, "Equipment for Intramuscular Injections" by Ellie Dunkleman, presents guidelines for selecting needles of the proper length and gauge…
These four papers are from a symposium on instructional strategies that was facilitated by Joseph Kessels at the 1995 Academy of Human Resource Development (HRD) conference. "Developing Supervisory Expertise: The Effects of an Inductive versus a Deductive Training Method on the Job Behaviors of Supervisors" (Margaret C. Lohman) discusses a study…
In spite of repeated research into the matter, no evidence has been discovered to support the claim that color television is superior to black-and-white television as an instructional aid. It is possible that there are advantages to color television which are unmeasured or unmeasurable, but the current claims for color; that it heightens realism,…
Northampton County Area Community Coll., Bethlehem, PA.
Through a systematic acquisition policy, the library (1) supports the objectives of the college, the course content of the curricula, and the faculty's teaching methods; (2) provides intellectual and cultural fare for faculty, students, and community; (3) instructs and encourages students in library use. It tries to supply material on all subjects…
US Army Corps of Engineers
Department of Defense INSTRUCTION NUMBER 4245.14 October 26, 2012 USD(AT&L) SUBJECT: DoD Value of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense, the Defense Agencies, the DoD Field Activities, and all in accordance with Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (USD(AT&L)) memorandums
Department of Defense INSTRUCTION NUMBER 2040.02 July 10, 2008 USD(P) SUBJECT: International Secretary of Defense for Policy (USD(P)) in Deputy Secretary of Defense Memorandum (Reference (b)). b-use and defense-related technology, articles, and services, by implementing relevant portions of section 1701 et
Gibbons, James F.
This paper describes a new technique for using videotaped educational materials that could form an important part of a satellite based educational delivery system. The method uses videotapes of regular classroom courses for the instruction of small groups of remote students who are assisted by paraprofessional tutors. The method is called the…
The Instructional Aide Program (Shoreline Community College, Seattle, Washington) is a flexible curriculum designed to prepare students to meet the paraprofessional manpower needs of several kinds of institution. It was prepared after consultation with representatives of the schools, the YMCA, and the country park system. Other agencies still to…
ESRI provides instructional materials through many venues, including ESRI Press, ESRI Training and Education, and ArcLessons. The site includes a number of educational materials on GIS technology, including "Exploring Common Ground: The Educational Promise of GIS" and "Metadata and GIS."
Ziurys, Lucy M.
be responsible for the security of Equipment. 4. During the term of the Agreement, University shall for the use of the Equipment. OFF Campus Use: 6. User shall be responsible for the security of Equipment. 7INSTRUCTIONS USE AGREEMENT For the Use of University Equipment for Non-University Purposes Form 103
Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD. Dept. of Instructional Planning and Development.
This manual provides guidelines for dance teachers in secondary schools. A brief statement is made on the purpose and philosophy of dance education, and activities and instructional suggestions are presented for various dance forms: (1) group dance--folk/ethnic, square dance, and social dance; (2) aerobic dance; (3) jazz dance; (4) modern dance;…
Bickimer, David A.
There is a great need for instructional materials which are useful in the professional preparation of teachers, particularly materials to fit a multi-media learning environment. It is helpful to distinguish between such materials and the ways in which they can be used and the various educational purposes thereby served. The procedures or formats…
Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan
This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy developed as part of the descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas (see note). The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…
Oregon State Educational Coordinating Council, Salem.
In 1969 the 55th Legislative Assembly established the Oregon Program of Grants for the Improvement of Undergraduate Instruction. The Legislature directed that the program be administered by the Oregon Educational Coordinating Council and provided for an Advisory Committee to guide the Council. All public higher education institutions were eligible…
Grossberg, Daniel; DeBenedetti, Jana
The Hebrew program at the State University of New York at Albany uses a variety of instructional approaches tailored to individual learning styles. A major program component is the use of 108 half-hour videotaped lessons that include opportunities for student response, graphics, and skits demonstrating and eliciting appropriate usage. Many of the…
Bruening, Thomas H.; And Others
A series of theme articles discuss setting up laboratory hydroponics units, the school farm at the Zuni Pueblo in New Mexico, laboratory experiences in natural resources management and urban horticulture, the development of teaching labs at Derry (PA) High School, management of instructional laboratories, and industry involvement in agricultural…
Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan
This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy developed as part of a descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas (see note). The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…
. Next to Filter by, from the drop down "Select Driver" choose your operating system (for instance, MACMac Instructions Go to: http://www.sharpusa.com/ForBusiness/DocumentSystems OSX 10.5.x or MAC OSX 10.6.x) Click on your driver and download and run the installer package MX-PBX1
Dunlap, Glen; Kern, Lee; Worcester, Jonathan
This article discusses the contributions of applied behavior analysis (ABA) in effective instruction of students with autism spectrum disorders. Emphasis is on the use of antecedent interventions and curriculum-based assessment. It also notes that the principles and methods of ABA are being integrated into routine educational procedures, including…
At some level, principals always have been instructional leaders--but never before has their role been more prominent. First, the accountability movement--No Child Left Behind (NCLB) in particular--thrust principals into the spotlight on academic achievement. Then budget cuts peeled away capacity at both the district and school levels, thinning…
Fordyce, H. L.; Doshier, Dale
Using the standards of the American Welding Society and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, this welding instructional guidelines manual presents a course of study in accordance with the current practices in industry. Intended for use in welding programs now practiced within the Federal Prison System, the phases of the program are…
Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan
This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy (see note) developed as part of a descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas. The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…
Owner's Instruction Manual PATRIOT II MEMORY TELEPHONE 2194**V0E27S #12;PATRIOT II MEMORY TELEPHONE TELEPHONE telephone.telephone.telephone.telephone.telephone. All products in the PAll products in the PAll of telephones combine the latestfamily of telephones combine the latestfamily of telephones combine
This instructional guide for a one-half credit technological laboratory course for grades 10-12 focuses on apparel from the perspectives of personal decision making related to apparel, the apparel industry, and career preparation. Introductory materials are a course description; overview of course design; facilities, equipment, and resources; and…
In a national study of individualized instructional programs for the U.S. Office of Education, Jack V. Edling of the Oregon State System of Higher Education, Corvallis, conducted an in-depth survey of 46 programs in 24 States. PREP kit, No. 16, reports on that study in 13 documents, covering such subjects as objectives of individualized…
Holt, H. Oliver
Programed instruction is of interest to the Bell Telephone System which conducts massive employee training programs. Characteristics of the programed method include (1) small steps, (2) continual responding, (3) immediate feedback, and (4) self-pacing. The self-pacing characteristic allows accommodation of individual needs and provides flexibility…
Kohut, Sylvester, Jr.
Individualized instruction is an educational program in which grade levels and time units are designed to permit the student to work at his own pace and level with the use of unipacs. The unipac, a "unique package," is a specially designed group of learning activities based on specific behavioral objectives chosen by the student. Unipacs consist…
United States Lawn Tennis Association, New York, NY.
This manual is a guide to group instruction of basic tennis. Chapter 1 discusses four premises. Chapter 2 illustrates basic strokes, including the forehand and backhand ground strokes, the forehand and backhand volleys, the lob and overhead smash, and the half-volley. Chapter 3 presents methods of teaching the strokes, some corrective techniques,…
Hilton, Vicky E., Comp.
Based on a federally funded project involving 80 children (1-4 years old) with a variety of intellectual, social, emotional, and/or physical handicaps, the manual contains 12 units for home instruction of young handicapped and non handicapped children. Included are listings of overall objectives and suggested activities to promote language, gross…
Seattle School District 1, WA.
This is a compilation of ten multicultural instructional booklets that were prepared and published by the Seattle, Washington, School District. The first booklet, entitled "Selected Multi-ethnic/Multicultural Events and Personalities," lists and describes (1) major holidays and events celebrated in the United States, and (2) American ethnic…
Clark, Bill M.; Ramsey, Marl E.
This document provides a rationale and suggestions for the use of small-group instruction in the classroom. It is argued that participatory education, in general, places the teacher in a position of being a coordinator of learning rather than a dispenser of knowledge. The following benefits to be gained from this are noted: a) by relating his…
The United States Army, confronted with sophisticated defense machinery and entry level soldiers with low educational backgrounds, selected a systems approach to training that was developed in 1975 by Florida State University. Instructional Systems Development (IDS), a five-phase process encompassing the entire educational environment, is…
Shavelson, Richard J.
Extends P. E. Jonson's studies of physics learning by analyzing, on the basis of a 12-student control group, 24 high-school students' word associations, aptitude scores, and achievement results during instruction. Indicated a positive relationship between problem-solving ability and meaningful concept formation. (CC)
How many physical education programs incorporate tennis into the curriculum? How many physical educators feel proficient enough to teach tennis? Equally important, do students truly make progress when tennis is taught? Tennis instruction in secondary physical education settings is often frustrating for students and teachers alike. Many physical…
The focus of this paper is to present non-traditional or alternate instructional methods in remedial mathematics education at the community college level. However, these methods will apply to credit math courses as well as courses from other disciplines. With the large number of students needing remediation and the United States traditionally…
pts.]. c) We can assume that the dynamics of the rotors moving in opposite directions in generalFall 2014 Vibration & Dynamics - 2 Instructions: - Derive complete symbolic solutions before plugging in values. - Offer a detailed discussion and include all units. The two rotor assemblies
of a hydrodynamic instability is dependent on both the ver- tical and horizontal structure of the stratifiedSara Broomé Laboration instructions Barotropic Instability September 2014 #12;Department of barotropic instability in a number of semi-real hands-on computer experiments. The first part
Gender based learning has become an acceptable facet of the differentiated classroom. The female learner has unique needs that can be addressed through differentiated instruction. There are distinct differences between men and women. These differences effect how females approach learning as well as how they retain information. "A fundamental…
Merrill, M. David
Examines instructional design theories and elaborates principles about when learning is promoted, i.e., when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems, when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge, and when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, applied by the learner, and integrated into the learner's…
and machine learning; vision technology such as 3D vision, video analysis, and object recognition Summary of Research Instruction Ph.D. () Computer Vision Professor Ph.D. (New York Univ.) ISHIKAWA Hiroshi Information Systems Professor Doctor of Engineering (Univ. of Tokyo) GOTO Shigeki Ph
The current emphasis on assessment in education may have you lamenting that you are being required to "teach to the test." In many schools, the demands of No Child Left Behind and state-mandated testing leave teachers and their students with the impression that testing is a punitive activity designed to reveal inadequate performance by schools and students. Add the fact that school effectiveness is evaluated by student performance on these high-stakes tests, that schools are threatened with closing if performance isn't deemed adequate, that teacher bonuses are often tied to the performance of the entire school, and that students cannot receive course credit unless they pass these tests, and it quickly becomes evident why assessment has become such a "hot button" issue. It's easy for a beginning teacher to lose sight of the fact that assessments should guide instruction and help students become more effective learners.
Sealfon, C. D.; Plummer, J. D.
The Women in Aerospace and Technology Project (WATP) is a collaborative effort between the Girl Scouts of Eastern Pennsylvania, the American Helicopter Museum, Boeing Rotorcraft, Sikorsky Global Helicopters, Drexel University, West Chester University, and Arcadia University. The program aims to increase the representation of women in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) fields; the evaluation team identified a secondary goal to assess growth in participants' understanding of scientific inquiry. Girls, grades 4-12, were invited to join Girl Scout troops formed at the American Helicopter Museum to participate in a series of eight workshops on the physics and engineering of flight. Five college women majoring in physics and engineering were recruited as mentors for the girls. Lessons were written by local aerospace industry partners (including Boeing and Sikorsky); the mentors then taught the lessons and activities during the workshops. To evaluate the impact of this project, we collected data to answer two research questions: 1) In what ways does the program impact participants' attitudes towards science and interest in pursuing science as a career? 2) In what ways does the program impact participants' understanding of the nature of scientific inquiry? In this article we summarize results from two sources of data: before and after survey of attitudes about science and end-of-workshop informal questionnaires. Across the seven months of data collection, two challenges became apparent. First, our assessment goals, focusing on scientific interest and inquiry, seemed misaligned with the workshop curricula, which emphasized engineering and design. Secondly, there was little connection among activities within workshops and across the program.
Student ratings of instruction (SRI) can be a valuable indicator of teaching because the quality measurement of instruction identifies areas where improvement is needed. SRI is expected to evaluate and enhance teaching strategies. Evaluation of teaching effectiveness has been officially implemented in Taiwanese higher education since 2005. This…
Mohr, Derek J.; Sibley, Benjamin A.; Townsend, J. Scott
Limited research exists on effective teaching methods in university physical activity instruction (PAI) program courses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate PAI courses taught utilizing a sport education curriculum and instructional model. The Individual Development and Educational Assessment (IDEA) teaching evaluation was administered to…
Snelbecker, Glenn E.
Some comments are provided about challenges facing the "instructional theory community," and specific remarks are made about papers presented at a session on expectations about instructional theory at the 1998 annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association (AERA) (Session 2). An area of particular interest is that of instructional…
Kodak, Tiffany; Fisher, Wayne W.; Clements, Andrea; Bouxsein, Kelly J.
Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) is used to teach a variety of skills to children with developmental disabilities. However, it remains unclear whether CAI or direct instruction from a therapist produces better learning outcomes. In addition, no studies have evaluated the ease of training therapists to implement CAI versus direct instruction. In…
Lubans, John, Jr.
This paper presents a variety of attempts at evaluation and deals with evaluating the need for library use instruction; user needs in library use knowledge; examples of evaluation studies; evaluation of formal bibliographic skill courses; and, creation of evaluation questionnaries with examples. (5 references) (Author/NH)
Taylor, P L
Group and individualized instruction as an instructional strategy employs both classroom and individual interactions with deaf and hard of hearing students who have diverse learning and communicative styles. The instructional setting is an applications course which includes a laboratory component. Lectures are replete with personal computer (PC) demonstrations and are followed by laboratory sessions where each student independently replicates the techniques learned in class. Criterion referenced instructional (CRI) methods are used in the evaluation of each student's subject knowledge through direct observation of the student's use of a personal computer in a private setting. The goal of this strategy is to maintain the amenities of the classroom while replacing homework and examinations with individually paced competency-based assignments. The end result is the differentiation of a student's performance evaluations from his or her reading and writing skills. PMID:8849662
This study examined a cross-age population of 1,237 students from grades 6 through 12 and also 76 university students. Also, 75 8th grade students in two instructional groups were involved in a session of 16-hour science courses. A questionnaire with six knowledge and twelve cognitive ability questions was used to evaluate students' understanding of combustion. Furthermore, one pre-test and two post-tests were used to evaluate students' learning gains in instruction. Video recordings and curriculum materials were examined in terms of how both types of instruction were implemented. Five patterns were found to describe how students developed their understanding of combustion, including (I) gradual increase, (II) stepwise increase, (III) persistent misunderstanding, (IV) early understanding, and (V) varied understanding . The first two patterns are consistent with results from previous studies. However, the next three non-age-growing patterns suggest that the age maturation is not necessarily a determining factor and other variables such as curricula may be more important. Students at different ages applied their knowledge and problem solving strategies differently. The 6--8th grade students used more intuitive, real-life experiences to solve combustion questions in contrast to the 10th grade and older students, who applied more formal science knowledge to solve combustion questions. It was also found that the older students integrated their mobilized knowledge more accurately than the younger learners when they answered combustion questions in different versions of the questionnaire. Two types of instruction, established and experimental, were shown to be effective in promoting 8th grade students' understanding of combustion in the context of Taiwanese classrooms. In addition, although the two types of instruction had been implemented differently, the findings suggested that neither form of instruction was superior to the other as measured by the students' performances on post-tests. This implies that there were no differences in learning gains between the established and experimental classes. The implications for science teachers and teacher educators are: teachers can utilize the findings to develop different instructional strategies (e.g. using various scenarios) to overcome the alternative conceptions. The findings can inform teachers and curriculum developers to modify and improve current chemistry curriculum materials.
Emily M. Reiser; Mark E. Markes
Studies indicate that pre-existing misconceptions negatively impact the\\u000aeffectiveness of traditional physics education. Research has also shown that\\u000aactivity based instruction improves posttest scores on conceptual evaluations.\\u000aHowever, the specific effect of activity based instruction on students who have\\u000apre-existing misconceptions that lecture instruction fails to remove is an\\u000aimportant but unanswered question due to the impossibility of instructing a
McAnany, Emile G.; And Others
Two lead articles set the theme for this issue devoted to evaluation as Emile G. McAnany examines the usefulness of evaluation and Robert C. Hornik addresses four widely accepted myths about evaluation. Additional articles include a report of a field evaluation done by the Accion Cultural Popular (ACPO); a study of the impact of that evaluation by…
Instructor immediacy has been positively associated with many desirable academic outcomes including increased student learning. This study extends existing understanding of instructional immediacy behaviours in elearning by describing postgraduate nursing students' reflections on their own experience. An exploratory, descriptive survey design was used to collect qualitative data. Participants were asked what behaviours or activities help to create rapport or a positive interpersonal connection (immediacy) between students and their online teacher(s). Thematic analysis of the data revealed three main themes: acknowledging and affirming student's personal and professional responsibilities; providing clear and timely information; and utilising rich media. These findings give lecturers insight into instructional strategies they may adopt to increase immediacy in elearning and hence improve student learning outcomes. PMID:25632711
/* */ /* */