These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Evaluation of Direct Instruction Implementations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines four broad roles of measurement in Direct Instruction. Describes how to make effective use of assessments that are integrated into Direct Instruction programs and how to plan and implement evaluation of the broad outcomes for Direct Instruction programs. Discusses assessment, evaluation, and validity; formative evaluation; summative…

Slocum, Timothy A.

2003-01-01

2

Subjective and objective evaluation of sense of space for vehicle occupants based on anthropometric data.  

PubMed

At present, the number of the vehicle requirements has been continuously increasing. These requirements can be related to the customer as well as the technical requirements. Among these, the "feeling of space" of the occupants inside the vehicles can be regarded as one of the most important factors. In this respect, the driver and passengers should be able to experience positive feeling of space inside the vehicle. There are numerous factors that can influence the sense of space inside the vehicle. These include geometry (vehicle dimensions), light exposure, ambient lights, colors, material selection and material surface. Depending on the selection, the sense of space can be dramatically influenced by these factors. In general, human feeling is subjective and cannot be measured by any instrument. The measure can nevertheless be carried out by utilizing the method of subjective evaluation. Throughout the experiments, the method of evaluation is developed and the factors which can influence the interior feeling are analyzed. In this process, psychological perception, architectural aspects and anthropometry are considered and knowledge from the other domains is transferred in the form of a multidisciplinary approach. The experiments with an aim to evaluate the overall sense of space in the vehicle are carried out based on the physical mock up of BMW 1 series (E87). The space perception with different interior dimensions and anthropometric data of test persons are also analyzed. The use of Computer Aided Technology was shown by CATIA V5, PCMAN and RAMSIS. The results show a good correlation between the subjective evaluation and the geometric values. PMID:22316731

Hiamtoe, Pitarn; Steinhardt, Florian; Köhler, Uwe; Bengler, Klaus

2012-01-01

3

Personalized Systems of Instruction: How Evaluate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Fred Keller's personalized system of instruction (PSI) has had a surprisingly rapid adoption in colleges and universities since its introduction in 1964, sound evaluation techniques for the method are still needed. Verbal reports are vague, while other methods that have been used are idiosyncratic and depend on the way the teacher…

Powers, Richard B.

4

College Students' Instructional Expectations and Evaluations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Typical end-of-course faculty ratings were questioned for their inability to measure actual classroom interaction. Extending the concept of these evaluations to include the student instructional expectations dimension, the study proposed that the classroom experience be related to the process and systems approaches, more dependent upon monitoring…

Calista, Donald J.

5

Evaluation Techniques for Individualized Instruction: Revision and Summative Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the collection and analysis of summative data for a slide/tape self-instruction program on an introductory zoology course. Points of concern regarding curricular changes, teaching assistant training, student use, student performance evaluation, development, and revision are discussed from their unique perspectives within the summative…

Englert, DuWayne C.; And Others

1987-01-01

6

Evolution of an Instructional Strategy for Teaching Educational Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines a validated instructional strategy for teaching educational evaluation in colleges of education. Four phases of the process include: analysis and identification of specific objectives, preparation of suitable programed learning materials, empirical validation, and identification of other instructional components. (Author/JEG)

Yadav, M. S.; Govinda, R.

1979-01-01

7

Guidelines for Evaluating Computerized Instructional Materials. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents guidelines for evaluating computerized instructional materials. Included are reference sources, suggestions for evaluation criteria, guidelines for both software and documentation evaluation, and forms that can be used in the evaluation process. Five separately labeled reference lists contain citations for approximately 100…

Heck, William P.; And Others

8

Evaluating Methods for Evaluating Instruction: The Case of Higher Education. NBER Working Paper No. 12844  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studies methods for evaluating instruction in higher education. We explore student evaluations of instruction and a variety of alternatives. We develop a simple model to illustrate the biases inherent in student evaluations. Measuring learning using grades in future courses, we show that student evaluations are positively related to…

Weinberg, Bruce A.; Fleisher, Belton M.; Hashimoto, Masanori

2007-01-01

9

Student Evaluation of Instruction: A Validity Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of student ratings of college instructors has steadily increased, with an attendant increase in the use of these student ratings in decision-making related to merit increases, promotion, tenure, and institutional severance. While a substantial body of research on student rating of instruction exists, the ambiguous or actually conflicting…

Pezzullo, Thomas R.; And Others

10

Project for the Evaluation of Noncollegiate Sponsored Instruction. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Project for the Evaluation of Noncollegiate Sponsored Instruction (PENSI) was designed to: (1) develop and validate a model for the evaluation of educational and training programs found in business and industry, joint apprenticeships, state agencies, or Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) facilities; (2) identify counseling…

Moscowitz, John E.; Eveslage, Sonja A.

11

Computer-Aided Personalized System of Instruction: A Program Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an evaluation of a computer-aided personalized system of instruction program in two undergraduate psychology courses. The computer presented short essay tests and arranged for students who had completed various assignments satisfactorily to help evaluate other students' mastery of those assignments. Student response generally was…

Pear, Joseph J.; Novak, Mark

1996-01-01

12

Program Evaluation: Where Instruction and School Business Meet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about program evaluation, a strategy commonly used by instructional leaders that can help school business officials improve their budget process. As districts struggle to develop budgets in these challenging economic times, school business officials might consider turning to program evaluation for help. Program…

Ayers, Steven V.

2011-01-01

13

Evaluation Techniques for Individualized Instruction: Development and Formative Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Steps used in the formative evaluation of a project designed to incorporate self-instructional materials in an introductory zoology course included techniques which: (1) involved colleagues in the material development; (2) assessed relevant student characteristics, expectations, and evaluations; and (3) were used in the examinations. (MBR)

Bedient, Douglas; And Others

1986-01-01

14

Norming of Student Evaluations of Instruction: Impact of Noninstructional Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student Evaluations of Instruction (SEIs) from about 6,000 sections over 4 years representing over 100,000 students at the college of business at a large public university are analyzed, to study the impact of noninstructional factors on student ratings. Administrative factors like semester, time of day, location, and instructor attributes like…

Nargundkar, Satish; Shrikhande, Milind

2014-01-01

15

Investigating Halo and Ceiling Effects in Student Evaluations of Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many measurement biases affect student evaluations of instruction (SEIs). However, two have been relatively understudied: halo effects and ceiling/floor effects. This study examined these effects in two ways. To examine the halo effect, using a videotaped lecture, we manipulated specific teacher behaviors to be "good" or "bad"…

Keeley, Jared W.; English, Taylor; Irons, Jessica; Henslee, Amber M.

2013-01-01

16

Performance Evaluation of the Arabic Language Multimedia Instruction: "Malaysian Perspective"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Study evaluated the effectiveness of the Arabic language multimedia products existing in Malaysian markets. For the purpose of careful investigation, this research has applied blended models of the most trusted instructional design based on the field-tested theories of the most outspoken educational psychologists such as Mayer (2002), Keller…

Faryadi, Qais

2008-01-01

17

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 121,184 surveys were sent out in (5,346) envelopes; 78,310 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 96%. The response rate for the survey was 65%. The…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2011

2011-01-01

18

Evaluation of Supplemental Instruction at the College Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers a new method of evaluating the Supplemental Instruction (SI) model as implemented in biology courses at National-Louis University in Chicago, Illinois. From 1990 through 1993, 14 classes of general biology were taught by the same instructor, using the same textbook and syllabus. An SI leader was available for five of the classes,…

Peled, Ofra N.; Kim, Anna C.

19

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 123,461 surveys were sent out in 5,516 envelopes; 86,998 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 97.0%. The instructors' reports were provided to academic,…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2011

2011-01-01

20

A Guide to Cooperative Appraisal: Improving Instruction Through Personnel Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents a cooperative appraisal plan for evaluating educators, and thereby improving instruction. The plan is based on identifying specific job targets as a way to meet the needs of the educators and their students. Educators on every level would work to describe their job responsibilities, pinpoint areas that need improvement, design…

Berg, Lyle

21

Evaluation and Assessment of a Biomechanics Computer-Aided Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Biomechanics Tutorial, a computer-aided instructional tool that was developed at Ohio State University to expedite the transition from lecture to application for undergraduate students. Reports evaluation results that used statistical analyses and student questionnaires to show improved performance on posttests as well as positive…

Washington, N.; Parnianpour, M.; Fraser, J. M.

1999-01-01

22

Overview of the Visual Arts Curriculum, and Its Relationship with Evaluation and Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation and instruction play very important roles in curriculum implementation. As a result, the two concepts are often enshrined in the curriculum document. This article therefore examined the Visual Arts curriculum and its relationship with evaluation and instruction. Furthermore, the roles of Evaluation and Instruction in curriculum planning…

Imonikebe, Manasseh Emamoke

2013-01-01

23

Final Report on the Evaluation of the NSF's Instructional Materials Development Program  

NSF Publications Database

... of the Evaluation of the Instructional Materials Development Program (PDF, 412 kb) Chapter I ... kb) Appendix 2: Instrument for Evaluating Materials (PDF, 935 kb) Appendix 3: Classroom Observation ...

24

Managing by Objectives through the Planning-Implementing-Evaluating (PIE) Approach to Individualizing Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the management by objectives principle as it can be usefully applied to individualizing instruction, particularly as it capitalizes on Thota's planning, implementing, and evaluating model. (RAO)

Thota, Vykuntapathi

1979-01-01

25

An Evaluation of Performance Task Instruction in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to provide insight into the condition of one Mississippi school district that has engaged in a comprehensive effort toward instructional improvement centering around performance task instruction by examining how teaching with performance units affects several aspects of the instructional program. In the district studied, the…

Howell, Lorrie A.; Brocato, D. Kay; Patterson, Kim; Bridges, Tricia

26

The Impact of Self-Evaluation Instruction on Student Self-Evaluation, Music Performance, and Self-Evaluation Accuracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author sought to determine whether self-evaluation instruction had an impact on student self-evaluation, music performance, and self-evaluation accuracy of music performance among middle school instrumentalists. Participants (N = 211) were students at a private middle school located in a metropolitan area of a mid-Atlantic state. Students in…

Hewitt, Michael P.

2011-01-01

27

Student Evaluation of Instruction in Higher Education: Exploring Issues of Validity and Reliability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many personnel committees at colleges and universities in the USA use student evaluation of faculty instruction to make decisions regarding tenure, promotion, merit pay or faculty professional development. This study examines the construct validity and internal consistency reliability of the student evaluation of instruction (SEI) used at a large…

Zhao, Jing; Gallant, Dorinda J.

2012-01-01

28

Using Anchored Instruction to Evaluate Mathematical Growth and Understanding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anchored instruction is designed to present problems in a meaningful context to allow for investigations into real life environments. The Jasper Project was created to allow students to investigate mathematical dilemmas using anchored instruction techniques. This study uses case study methods to examine the perceptions that preservice teachers…

Kurz, Terri L.; Batarelo, Ivana

2005-01-01

29

Evaluation of Computer-Assisted Instruction for Math Accuracy Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in the United States demonstrate low proficiency in their math skills. One promising intervention, computer-assisted instruction, may be used for remediation. There is growing support that computer-assisted instruction is effective for increasing addition and multiplication accuracy and fluency, but more research is necessary in order to…

Gross, Thomas J.; Duhon, Gary

2013-01-01

30

Evaluation of Three Instructional Methods for Teaching General Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study designed to determine the relative effectiveness of different instructional approaches on chemistry laboratory achievement. Investigated differences in achievement in spectrophotometry among college freshmen who received either traditional, learning cycle, or computer simulation instruction. Results indicated that students…

Jackman, Lance E.; And Others

1987-01-01

31

Evaluation of the Special Instructional Assistance Program. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the activities and outcomes of Special Instructional Assistance (SIA) an early intervention, prevention program designed to help Georgia students with identified developmental delays overcome the effects of those delays on academic achievement. The central tenet of the program is to provide more individualized instruction to…

Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta.

32

An Evaluative Report of the Richmond College Freshman Library Instruction Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pretests and post-tests, which measure the knowledge of students before and after instruction, are used to evaluate the effectiveness of a self-instructional "Library Survival Kit," which teaches basic library skills to freshmen at Richmond College. Findings of this study indicate a significant improvement and a passing average for the freshmen…

DeLong, Edward James

33

An Evaluation of Computer-Aided Instruction in an Introductory Biostatistics Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates the effectiveness of computer assisted instruction for teaching biostatistics to first year students at the UCLA School of Dentistry. Results do not demonstrate the superiority of CAI but do suggest that CAI compares favorably to conventional lecture and programed instruction methods. (RAO)

Forsythe, Alan B.; Freed, James R.

1979-01-01

34

An Evaluation of Factors That Influence Children's Instruction Following  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behavior that resembles instruction following might sometimes be under stimulus control of extraneous variables. We evaluated the effects of some of these variables (i.e., presence of relevant objects, associations between instructions and object sets) with 3 children with intellectual disabilities. In Experiment 1, we assessed whether subjects…

Sy, Jolene R.; Donaldson, Jeanne M.; Vollmer, Timothy R.; Pizarro, Eliana

2014-01-01

35

Evaluation of Multimedia Authoring Instruction Based in a Behaviorist-Cognitive-Constructivist Continuum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluative case study examines the learning experiences of graduate students studying effective multimedia authoring. Continuum-based instructional design, behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, collaboration, the role of a matrix, transfer of training, and qualitative and quantitative results are discussed. (LRW)

Sherry, Annette C.

1998-01-01

36

An Evaluation of Instructional Strategies in a Simple Learning Situation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three different strategies of choosing items for presentation in a simple list learning situation are compared. The instructional task was to teach the correct response to a number of stimulus items, using a paired-associate teaching procedure. Only one item could be presented on a given trial and the total number of trials was limited. The…

Paulson, James A.

37

Experimental Evaluation of an Instructional Supporting Tool in Distance Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a controlled experiment concerning the use of a learning aid during an open and distance learning (ODL) course. The core issue of investigation is whether this instructional aid can support, guide, and scaffold the distant student in his/her study. For this purpose, a controlled experiment was conducted with the participation…

Karoulis, Athanasis; Stamelos, Ioannis; Angelis, Lefteris

2008-01-01

38

An Evaluation of Computer-Assisted Instruction for English Grammar Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of computer assisted instruction (CAI) at Indiana University to provide basic grammar review to beginning writing students, and the results of an evaluation of the PLATO system as a learning resource are described. At the time of the evaluation, the CAI curriculum in use was the Language Arts Routing System (LARS). The evaluation involved…

Oates, William

1981-01-01

39

Evaluation of simSchool: An Instructional Simulation for Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses theory-based design principles to evaluate the effectiveness of an instructional simulation, simSchool. It begins by examining the simulation and evaluation literature, followed by an evaluation of the simSchool software. It is a Web-based simulation designed to emulate various students (reactions) in order to provide practice for…

Deale, Deb; Pastore, Ray

2014-01-01

40

Claims about the Reliability of Student Evaluations of Instruction: The Ecological Fallacy Rides Again  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vast majority of the research on student evaluation of instruction has assessed the reliability of groups of courses and yielded either a single reliability coefficient for the entire group, or grouped reliability coefficients for each student evaluation of teaching (SET) item. This manuscript argues that these practices constitute a form of…

Morley, Donald D.

2012-01-01

41

An Evaluation of Preference for Mode of Instruction Following Variations in Response Effort  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study evaluated preference for mode of instruction (i.e., visual or vocal) for four children diagnosed with a language-based learning disability. Each participant was an elementary student who was initially referred to a neuropsychology clinic specializing in learning disabilities. As a part of the evaluation, measures of each…

Romani, Patrick W.; McCoy, Thomasin E.; Wacker, David P.; Padilla-Dalmau, Yaniz C.

2014-01-01

42

Influence of instruction conditions on the evaluation of muscular endurance based on muscle oxygenation.  

PubMed

Proper instruction is essential for evaluating muscular endurance with high reliability. This study aimed to examine the influence of instruction conditions on the evaluation of rhythmic repeated muscular endurance based on muscle oxygenation kinetics. Fifteen healthy young men performed repeated maximal rhythmic grips for 6 minutes under the following 3 instruction conditions: (1) "Squeeze as hard as you can during 2 seconds freely (Ex1)"; (2) "Squeeze as hard as you can quickly at the cue of a beep every 2 seconds (Ex2)"; and (3) "Squeeze as hard as you can quickly at the cue of a beep every 2 seconds, and then hold the exertion for 1 second (Ex3)". In the start phase of measurement during which larger exertion (above 80% maximal voluntary grip contraction) of grip strength is possible, the exertion values and muscle oxygenation kinetics were not significantly different among the 3 instruction conditions. However, a significant difference was found in muscle oxygenation kinetics after the middle phase (3 minutes) of measurement and also in the peak forces. Particularly, oxygen supply to the skeletal muscle as compared with oxygen consumption was greater in Ex2 than in Ex3. This study found that the evaluated muscle endurance differs considerably under various instruction conditions. The following instruction may be useful in the assessment of muscular endurance: "Squeeze as hard as you can quickly at the cue of a beep and then immediately relax". The present findings suggest that proper instructions are essential in various physical function tests and in the dynamometer handgrip test for occupational therapists and strength and conditioning professionals to obtain accurate measurements. PMID:20508472

Demura, Shinichi; Miyaguchi, Kazuyoshi; Hiroki, Aoki

2010-06-01

43

A Moderate Constructivist E-Learning Instructional Model Evaluated on Computer Specialists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a novel instructional model for e-learning and an evaluation study to determine the effectiveness of this model for teaching Java language programming to information technology specialists working for the Spanish Public Administration. This is a general-purpose model that combines objectivist and constructivist learning…

Alonso, Fernando; Manrique, Daniel; Vines, Jose M.

2009-01-01

44

Evaluation Comparison of Online and Classroom Instruction for HEPE 129--Fitness and Lifestyle Management Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluation compared online (i.e., World Wide Web-based) and classroom instructional delivery methods for the Health Education/Physical Education course, "Fitness and Lifestyle Management," at Brigham Young University (Utah). The results of the study were intended to add to the discussion on the value of web-based courses as a means of…

Davies, Randall S.; Mendenhall, Robert

45

Evaluating the Cisco Networking Academy Program's Instructional Model against Bloom's Taxonomy for the  

E-print Network

Evaluating the Cisco Networking Academy Program's Instructional Model against Bloom's Taxonomy the use of Bloom's learning taxonomy to help address this lack of theoretical basis. The paper further's taxonomy. Keywords: Information Security Education, Bloom's Taxonomy, Blended Learning, E-learning 1

Boyer, Edmond

46

Evaluation of a Text Compression Algorithm Against Computer-Aided Instruction (CAI) Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the initial evaluation of a text compression algorithm against computer assisted instruction (CAI) material. A review of some concepts related to statistical text compression is followed by a detailed description of a practical text compression algorithm. A simulation of the algorithm was programed and used to obtain…

Knight, Joseph M., Jr.

47

Evaluation of a Stall" Cache: An E cient Restricted On-chip Instruction Cache  

E-print Network

Evaluation of a Stall" Cache: An E cient Restricted On-chip Instruction Cache Klaus Erik Schauser | the stall cache | against several other conventional cache architectures. The stall cache minimizes the size cycle exter- nal cache memory 6, 17, 2 . Our results show that, un- der this assumption, the stall cache

Asanoviæ, Krste

48

Evaluation of College-Level Instruction in Freshman Composition, Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To supplement an experiment at the University of Northern Iowa on the effectiveness of college-level instruction in freshman composition, the University of Iowa conducted its own experiment on the evaluation of freshman composition. This experiment was designed to determine (1) which method of rating papers is more reliable--the "general…

Braddock, Richard; Statler, Charles R.

49

Evaluation of the Williamsburg County Direct Instruction Program: Factors Leading to Success in Rural Elementary Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of several evaluation studies designed to examine the impact the Direct Instruction Model had on selected students in Williamsburg County, South Carolina. Over 600 students participated during a 7-year period. Because Williamsburg County is an isolated rural county, this school improvement project has relevance to school improvement efforts in other rural communities. The performance of

CRAIG DARCH; RUSSELL GERSTEN; ROBERT TAYLOR

1987-01-01

50

An Argument in Favor of Multimethod Research and Evaluation in CAI and CMI Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five methods--final examination, attitude questionnaire, naturalistic observation, interview, and archival data analysis--of evaluating computer-assisted and computer-managed instruction are considered. The use of multiple methods has distinct advantages over the use of only one method. (Author/IRT)

Hazen, Margret

1980-01-01

51

An Evaluation of the Influence of Case Method Instruction on the Reflective Thinking of MSW Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work practice requires that graduates be prepared to deal with complex, multifaceted problems which cannot be defined completely, do not have absolute, correct answers and can be approached from multiple perspectives. This study evaluated the influence of case-based instruction on MSW students' reflective judgment, an aspect of critical…

Milner, Marleen

2009-01-01

52

Three Evaluation Reports of Computer Assisted Instruction in Drill-And-Practice Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three separate evaluations of a computer-assisted instructional (CAI) drill and practice program were conducted. The CAI was provided by the Los Angeles County Superintendent to 14 districts as a means of improving students' math abilities and to help teachers manage diagnostic and prescriptive information. The California Test of Basic Skills…

Palmer, Henry

53

Preschoolers' compliance with simple instructions: a descriptive and experimental evaluation.  

PubMed

Compliance is often used to describe a situation in which a child completes instructions from adults, and low levels of compliance are a common teacher concern. We conducted a descriptive assessment that showed that compliance was relatively stable for individual children, variable across children, and positively correlated with age. The impact of six antecedent variables (proximity, position, physical contact, eye contact, vocal attention, and play interruption) on compliance was assessed for 4 children. Next, the effects of three-step prompting were assessed alone, in combination with the antecedent variables, and at different integrity levels for 2 children. Results of the experimental analyses showed that compliance gradually increased with the addition of each antecedent variable for 2 of the 4 children. Three-step prompting in combination with the six antecedent variables increased compliance for the remaining 2 children, and high compliance levels were maintained until treatment integrity was decreased to 20% of full strength. The utility of this naturalistic compliance assessment is discussed, as are the relevant experiences that give rise to acceptable levels of compliance in preschool classrooms. PMID:21119897

Stephenson, Kasey M; Hanley, Gregory P

2010-01-01

54

Usability and Instructional Design Heuristics for E-Learning Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Heuristic evaluation is a methodology for investigating the usability of software originally developed by Nielsen (1993, 2000). Nielsen's protocol was modified and refined for evaluating e-learning programs by participants in a doctoral seminar held at the University of Georgia in 2001. The modifications primarily involved expanding Nielsen's…

Reeves, Thomas C.; Benson, Lisa; Elliott, Dean; Grant, Michael; Holschuh, Doug; Kim, Beaumie; Kim, Hyeonjin; Lauber, Erick; Loh, Sebastian

55

Focus Groups for Informal Evaluation of Non-Instructional Interventions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case studies of focus groups as a useful educational research strategy for evaluating noninstructional interventions are described. Focus groups were used to evaluate the effectiveness of programs in the following Virginia school settings: (1) peer counseling programs in 4 high schools with 49 student counselors; (2) gifted programs in 7…

Reynolds, Mary Ruth; And Others

56

Evidence of Halo Effects in Student Evaluations of Communication Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that the halo effect is a construct reserved to explain individual rater's failure to discriminate among conceptually distinct aspects of a stimulus person's behavior. Examines instructor evaluations completed by 128 students from three communication courses. Finds significant inter-correlations among five measures indicating the presence of…

Feeley, Thomas Hugh

2002-01-01

57

Instructional Technology Professional Development Evaluation: Developing a High Quality Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The literature contains very few studies that focused on evaluating the impact of professional development activities on student learning. And, many of these studies failed to determine whether the professional development activities met their primary goal--to improve the learning process. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use…

Gaytan, Jorge A.; McEwen, Beryl C.

2010-01-01

58

Criteria for Evaluating and Selecting Multimedia Software for Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluating and selecting the appropriate software is a very important component of success in using multimedia systems in both educational and corporate settings. Computer-mediated multimedia (CMM) is the integration of two or more communication media, controlled or manipulated by the user via a computer, to present information. CMM can be…

Lee, Sung Heum; And Others

59

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Computer Assisted Instructional Program in Basic Literacy Skills in a County Jail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluation of the effectiveness of a computer assisted instructional program in basic literacy skills for inmates in a county jail covers the first year of the program. Instructional materials used were developed by Control Data Corporation for use on the PLATO system, and consisted of lessons in vocabulary, reading, spelling, arithmetic…

Diem, Richard A.; Fairweather, Peter G.

60

Sight Word Instruction for Students with Autism: An Evaluation of the Evidence Base  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the evidence on sight word instruction as a method of teaching students with autism and significant cognitive\\u000a and verbal limitations to read printed words. Nine single-subject studies were rated using Reichow et al.’s (J Autism Dev\\u000a Disord 38:1311–1319, 2008) evaluative method for identifying evidence-based practice, and studies with at least adequate methodology were analyzed\\u000a to identify common

Janet E. Spector

61

Measuring Spontaneous and Instructed Evaluation Processes during Web Search: Integrating Concurrent Thinking-Aloud Protocols and Eye-Tracking Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web searching for complex information requires to appropriately evaluating diverse sources of information. Information science studies identified different criteria applied by searchers to evaluate Web information. However, the explicit evaluation instructions used in these studies might have resulted in a distortion of spontaneous evaluation

Gerjets, Peter; Kammerer, Yvonne; Werner, Benita

2011-01-01

62

ACES: an interactive software platform for self-instruction and self-evaluation in automatic control systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an interactive-, menu-driven prototype software platform, namely automatic control educational software (ACES), for self-instruction and self-evaluation in automatic control systems. ACES is used for enriching instruction in automatic control at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. The ACES platform includes theory with hyperlinks, a concept-graph, and a database with exercises.

Vassilios Petridis; Spyros Kazarlis; V. G. Kaburlasos

2003-01-01

63

An evaluation of the use of microcomputer-based laboratory instruction on middle school students' concept attainment and attitudes towards computer-based instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advent of instructional technology has become an integral part of the learning process, thought by many to be a vital component in the reform of science instruction. Microcomputer-Based Laboratory (MBL) is an instructional technology environment in which a computer is connected through its Universal Serial Box (USB) port or an interface (for older models) with sensors to control the experiment, collect data, and generate and interpret graphs. In this study, MBL tools and instructions were used to design an instructional program that integrated ideas in teaching thinking skills so that middle school students from varying levels of differentiated achievement could categorize and create concepts grounded on the Concept Attainment Model of teaching. Data were collected and analyzed based on the procedures of a one-group pretest-posttest experimental design and two research questions. The study provided a quantitative correlation of variables such as MBL to students' pretest-posttest total scores; pretest-posttest total scores to the levels of differentiated achievement and treatment groups. Likewise, a modified student-computer-attitude survey was administered to evaluate students' attitude toward the use of computer technologies. The research findings revealed a 9.1% increase in test scores in the three concepts of investigation; multiple increases in test scores in the three levels of differentiated achievement (22.2% for regular science group, 6.2% for accelerated science group students, and 1% for sheltered science group); and 11.1% mean difference between the MHL group and traditional laboratory group. Simultaneously, participants showed a positive significance of 77% feeling of comfort and confidence towards the use of computer technologies. Eventually, the great potential of MBL technology could play an important role in the reform of science education in the schools of the second largest Unified School District in the country today.

Osio, Sergio Albina

64

Effectiveness of Occupation-Based Interventions to Improve Areas of Occupation and Social Participation After Stroke: An Evidence-Based Review  

PubMed Central

This evidence-based review examined the evidence supporting the use of occupation-based interventions to improve areas of occupation and social participation poststroke. A total of 39 studies met the inclusion criteria and were critically evaluated. Most of the literature targeted activity of daily living (ADL)–based interventions and collectively provided strong evidence for the use of occupation-based interventions to improve ADL performance. The evidence related to instrumental ADLs was much more disparate, with limited evidence to support the use of virtual reality interventions and emerging evidence to support driver education programs to improve occupational performance poststroke. Only 6 studies addressed leisure, social participation, or rest and sleep, with sufficient evidence to support only leisure-based interventions. The implications of this review for research, education, and practice in occupational therapy are also discussed. PMID:25553745

Chuh, Adrianna; Floyd, Tracy; McInnis, Karen; Williams, Elizabeth

2015-01-01

65

Effectiveness of occupation-based interventions to improve areas of occupation and social participation after stroke: an evidence-based review.  

PubMed

This evidence-based review examined the evidence supporting the use of occupation-based interventions to improve areas of occupation and social participation poststroke. A total of 39 studies met the inclusion criteria and were critically evaluated. Most of the literature targeted activity of daily living (ADL)-based interventions and collectively provided strong evidence for the use of occupation-based interventions to improve ADL performance. The evidence related to instrumental ADLs was much more disparate, with limited evidence to support the use of virtual reality interventions and emerging evidence to support driver education programs to improve occupational performance poststroke. Only 6 studies addressed leisure, social participation, or rest and sleep, with sufficient evidence to support only leisure-based interventions. The implications of this review for research, education, and practice in occupational therapy are also discussed. PMID:25553745

Wolf, Timothy J; Chuh, Adrianna; Floyd, Tracy; McInnis, Karen; Williams, Elizabeth

2015-01-01

66

Evaluation of Instruction Using the Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism in Mexico  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A modified version of the Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism (CSEM) is regularly administered to students at the beginning of the semester as a pretest and at the end of the semester as a post-test in a large private university in Mexico. About 500 students each semester, from different engineering majors, take electricity and magnetism in the introductory level, divided into sections of 30-40 students so there are several different instructors, both full-time and part-time. We report on the analysis of the CSEM data using concentration analysis for the purpose of evaluation of instruction. The results showed that students' learning varies with respect to instructor and to CSEM concept area. Students have large learning gains in some concept areas but small learning gains in others. Deeper analysis of a concept area showed that some instructors may tend to strengthen some misconceptions that students have. The analysis can be used to give feedback to instructors for the purpose of improving instruction.

Zavala, Genaro; Alarcon, Hugo

2009-01-24

67

A Comparative Evaluation of Computer Based and Non-Computer Based Instructional Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the computer assisted instruction (CAI) tutorial with its non-computerized pedagogical roots: the Socratic Dialog with Skinner's Programmed Instruction. Tests the effectiveness of a CAI tutorial on diffusion and osmosis against four other interactive and non-interactive instructional strategies. Notes computer based strategies were…

Emerson, Ian

1988-01-01

68

RoomZoner: Occupancy-based Room-Level Zoning of a Centralized HVAC System  

E-print Network

RoomZoner: Occupancy-based Room-Level Zoning of a Centralized HVAC System Tamim Sookoor & Kamin) system to be retrofitted to enable room-level conditioning of a residence. This is a compelling Monitoring, Programmable Thermostats, Wireless Sensor Networks 1. INTRODUCTION Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs

Whitehouse, Kamin

69

An Evaluation of the High-Probability Instruction Sequence with and without Programmed Reinforcement for Compliance with High-Probability Instructions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We assessed the effects of reinforcement and no reinforcement for compliance to high-probability (high-p) instructions on compliance to low-probability (low-p) instructions using a reversal design. For both participants, compliance with the low-p instruction increased only when compliance with high-p instructions was followed by reinforcement.…

Zuluaga, Carlos A.; Normand, Matthew P.

2008-01-01

70

To See and Be Seen: Exploring Layers of Instructional Leadership and Supervision in the Enactment of a District-Wide Teacher Evaluation Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation analyzes instructional leadership and evaluation protocols from a large, diverse district in the Southeastern United States in order to investigate layers of accountability and tensions created when principals are asked to fill the dual roles of both instructional leader and supervisor in a newly implemented teacher evaluation

Neale, Jenifer

2011-01-01

71

Optimization of Occupancy Based Demand Controlled Ventilation in Residences  

SciTech Connect

Although it has been used for many years in commercial buildings, the application of demand controlled ventilation in residences is limited. In this study we used occupant exposure to pollutants integrated over time (referred to as 'dose') as the metric to evaluate the effectiveness and air quality implications of demand controlled ventilation in residences. We looked at air quality for two situations. The first is that typically used in ventilation standards: the exposure over a long term. The second is to look at peak exposures that are associated with time variations in ventilation rates and pollutant generation. The pollutant generation had two components: a background rate associated with the building materials and furnishings and a second component related to occupants. The demand controlled ventilation system operated at a low airflow rate when the residence was unoccupied and at a high airflow rate when occupied. We used analytical solutions to the continuity equation to determine the ventilation effectiveness and the long-term chronic dose and peak acute exposure for a representative range of occupancy periods, pollutant generation rates and airflow rates. The results of the study showed that we can optimize the demand controlled airflow rates to reduce the quantity of air used for ventilation without introducing problematic acute conditions.

Mortensen, Dorthe K.; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

2011-05-01

72

EVALUATING THE EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS FOR SELECTED AREAS OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE TWO MAJOR PHASES OF THIS RESEARCH WERE (1) ANALYZING TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION TO IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE PRIMARY VOCATIONAL SKILLS, AND (2) DEVELOPING AND EVALUATING NINE SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL UNITS. THREE INSTRUMENTS WERE USED IN ANALYZING VOCATIONAL CONTENT SOURCES TO IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE GENERAL BEHAVIORS AS WELL AS TRADE-SPECIFIC…

COFFEY, JOHN L.; AND OTHERS

73

Exploring Instructional Strategies to Develop Prospective Elementary Teachers' Children's Literature Book Evaluation Skills for Science, Ecology and Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an auto-ethnographic account of the development of a children's literature book critique assignment by a science teacher educator sharing instructional dilemmas and pedagogical responses. Prospective elementary teachers enrolled in an elementary school science teaching methods course in the US selected and evaluated children's…

Hug, J. William

2010-01-01

74

Sampling and Analysis Instruction for Evaluation of Residual Chromium Contamination in the Subsurface Soil at 100-C-7  

SciTech Connect

This sampling and analysis instruction (SAI) provides the requirements for sample collection and laboratory analysis to evaluate the extent of hexavalent chromium contamination present in the soil below the 100-C-7 and 100-C-7:1 remedial action waste site excavations.

W. S. Thompson

2007-02-15

75

THE IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION OF A MULTIPLE-CREDIT SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTARY FRENCH COURSE. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN EXPERIMENTAL ELEMENTARY FRENCH COURSE WAS ESTABLISHED AT THE UNIVERSITY LEVEL AND EVALUATED ON ITS PEDAGOGICAL EFFICIENCY, ADMINISTRATIVE FEASIBILITY, AND ACHIEVEMENT-MOTIVATIONAL CAPABILITY. THE COURSE FEATURED INTENSIVE CONTACT WITH LINGUISTICS, SELF-INSTRUCTION, AND SELF-PACING. (FOR DETAILS ON THE COURSE ORGANIZATION, SEE ED 010 465, A…

VALDMAN, ALBERT; AND OTHERS

76

Design, Development, and Evaluation of Visual Aids for Communicating Prescription Drug Instructions to Nonliterate Patients in Rural Cameroon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culturally sensitive visual aids designed to help convey drug information to nonliterate female adults requiring antibiotics were developed. Researchers conceptualized the messages, and a local artist produced the visual aids. Comprehension and compliance with prescription instructions were evaluated (N=78). Results and practical implications are…

Ngoh, Lucy N.; Shepherd, Marvin D.

1997-01-01

77

Understanding Acid-Base Concepts: Evaluating the Efficacy of a Senior High School Student-Centred Instructional Program in Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was a mixed quantitative-qualitative research to evaluate the efficacy of a designed student-centred instructional (DSCI) program for teaching about acids and bases. The teaching innovation was designed based on constructivist, hands-on inquiry and context-based approaches and implemented in seven 45-min lessons with a class of 36 grade…

Rahayu, Sri; Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Treagust, David F.; Kita, Masakazu; Ibnu, Suhadi

2011-01-01

78

Evaluation of Title I ESEA Projects, 1971-1972. Volume III, Instructional Practices and Student Cognitive Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this volume, ESEA Title I projects related to instructional practices and student cognitive performance, carried out in Philadelphia during 1971-1972, are evaluated. The six projects in this cluster are: Class for Mentally Retarded/Emotionally Distrubed Children; English as a Second Language; Improvement of Reading Skills (Reading Skills…

Prusso, Kenneth W.; And Others

79

Toward Improved Inclusion Practices: A Program Evaluation of Differentiated Instruction in Three Sixth-Grade Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The researcher concluded that teacher training was of ultimate importance for a successful outcome of differentiated instruction in sixth-grade inclusion classes. Students with special learning needs whose learning depends largely on student-centered teaching are more likely to show academic advancement when instruction is differentiated to their…

Murley, Rebecca Mae

2010-01-01

80

Direct Instruction in Reading in Special Education: Evaluation of an Innovation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All children can learn. Each child learns in numerous ways and at a different pace. When children are given opportunity, appropriate foundation, support, and precise instruction, learning is enhanced and encouraged. This study investigated an instructional approach for teaching reading to elementary students who were determined to have a learning…

Jackson, Sherry D.

2010-01-01

81

Instructional Design: System Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended as a source for those who desire to apply a coherent system of instructional design, thereby insuring accountability. Chapter 1 covers the instructional design process, including: instructional technology; the role of evaluation; goal setting; the psychology of teaching and learning; task analysis; operational objectives;…

Ledford, Bruce R.; Sleeman, Phillip J.

82

Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of both formative and summative evaluation of instructional design technology in educational and business settings. Topics discussed include interactive video, computer assisted instruction, courseware, industrial training methods, cost effectiveness, learner performance data, current research, computer simulation, and…

Emerson, Lawrence

1987-01-01

83

cial Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction S hematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special M  

E-print Network

SMI cial Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction S hematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special M ruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics In cial Mathematics

Vaswani, Namrata

84

Video Methods for Speechreading Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressed are the history, methodology, and instructional benefits of self-instruction video as a component of speechreading instruction with adolescent and adult hearing-impaired individuals, focusing on: factors in video lesson design, advantages of various hardware alternatives and computer-assisted learning, instructional evaluation methods,…

Sims, Donald G.

1988-01-01

85

Evaluation of the Effects of the Medium of Instruction on Science Learning of Hong Kong Secondary Students: Instructional Activities in Science Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports part of the findings of a longitudinal study on the effects of a language policy implemented in 1998 on the science learning of junior secondary students. It focuses on the effects of the instructional medium on the instructional activities in science lessons. According to students' responses to a questionnaire, EMI (English…

Yip, Din-Yan; Coyle, Do; Tsang, Wing-Kwong

2007-01-01

86

An Instructional Development Case Study: Physical Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the instructional redesign of a physical therapy course through the stages of planning, implementation, and evaluation following a model developed by the Instructional Development Institute. (RAO)

Allen, Ruth M.; And Others

1979-01-01

87

Promoting instructional change in new faculty: An evaluation of the physics and astronomy new faculty workshop  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An important finding of physics and astronomy education research (PAER) is that traditional, transmission-based instructional approaches are not effective in promoting meaningful student learning. Instead, PAER research suggests that physics and astronomy should be taught using more interactive instructional methods. These ways of teaching require significant changes in the way faculty think about teaching and learning and corresponding changes in their teaching behavior. Although the research base and corresponding pedagogies and strategies are well documented and widely available, widespread changes in physics and astronomy teaching at the college level has yet to occur. The Workshop for New Physics and Astronomy Faculty has been working to address this problem since 1996. This workshop, which is jointly administered by the American Association of Physics Teachers, the American Astronomical Society, and the American Physical Society, has attracted approximately 25% of all new physics and astronomy faculty each year to a four-day workshop designed to introduce new faculty to PAER-based instructional ideas and materials. This paper describes the impact of the Workshop as measured by surveys of Workshop participants and physics and astronomy department chairs. The results indicate that the Workshop is successful in meeting its goals and might be significantly contributing to the spread and acceptance of PAER-based instructional ideas and materials.

Henderson, Charles

2008-02-01

88

Promoting Instructional Change in New Faculty: An Evaluation of the Physics and Astronomy New Faculty Workshop  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An important finding of Physics Education Research (PER) is that traditional, transmission-based instructional approaches are generally not effective in promoting meaningful student learning. Instead, PER advocates that physics be taught using more interactive instructional methods. Although the research base and corresponding pedagogies and strategies are well-documented and widely available to physics faculty, widespread change in physics teaching at the college level has yet to occur. Since 1996, the Workshop for New Physics and Astronomy Faculty has been working to address this problem. This workshop, jointly administered by the American Association of Physics Teachers, the American Astronomical Society, and the American Physical Society with funding from the National Science Foundation, has attracted approximately 25% of all new physics and astronomy faculty each year to an intensive 4-day workshop designed to introduce new faculty to PER-based instructional ideas and materials. This paper describes the impact of the New Faculty Workshop as measured by web-based surveys of 527 workshop participants and 206 physics and astronomy department chairs. Results indicate that the NFW is quite successful in meeting its goals and that it may be significantly contributing to the spread and acceptance of PER and PER-based instructional ideas and materials.

Henderson, Charles

2007-11-01

89

Cooperative Learning Instructional Methods for CS1: Design, Implementation, and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative learning is a well-known instructional technique that has been applied with a wide variety of subject matter and a broad spectrum of populations. This article briefly reviews the principles of cooperative learning, and describes how these principles were incorporated into a comprehensive set of cooperative learning activities for a CS1…

Beck, Leland; Chizhik, Alexander

2013-01-01

90

An Evaluation of the Instructional Effectiveness of a Computer Lesson in Biomechanics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a study in which one group of undergraduate students were taught a one-hour computerized lesson on free body diagram analysis,developed at Iowa State University for use with the PLATO system. Other students studied the same material using worksheets. Both methods appeared to be equally effective although the computer system offered some instructional advantages.

Boysen, John P.; Francis, Peter

2006-05-24

91

Building the Emotional Intelligence and Effective Functioning of Student Work Groups: Evaluation of an Instructional Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Group-based learning is common practice in university classrooms. Despite the frequent student complaint of social loafing from teammates, methods for teaching students how to address teamwork issues are rarely incorporated into group assignments. Students are instructed on their final product, rather than their group process. In this article, an…

Peterson, Christina Hamme

2012-01-01

92

Computer Aided Instruction: A Study of Student Evaluations and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer aided instruction (CAI) encompasses a broad range of computer technologies that supplement the classroom learning environment and can dramatically increase a student's access to information. Criticism of CAI generally focuses on two issues: it lacks an adequate foundation in educational theory and the software is difficult to implement…

Collins, David; Deck, Alan; McCrickard, Myra

2008-01-01

93

An Evaluation of Web Based Instruction in View of the Tutors' and Students' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's world, it is acknowledged by almost all folks of life that the traditional educational institutions are inadequate in educating the growing population. This situation has triggered research into finding ways to provide economical and of high quality education to wider masses of people. Currently, web based instruction seems to be the…

Erdogan, Yavuz

2008-01-01

94

Scientific Explanations: Characterizing and Evaluating the Effects of Teachers' Instructional Practices on Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher practices are essential for supporting students in scientific inquiry practices, such as the construction of scientific explanations. In this study, we examine what instructional practices teachers engage in when they introduce scientific explanation and whether these practices influence students' ability to construct scientific…

McNeill, Katherine L.; Krajcik, Joseph

2008-01-01

95

Comprehensive Russian Instructional Program. O.E.E. Evaluation Report, 1982-1983.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project CRIP (Comprehensive Russian Instructional Program) in its first year provided career orientation and support services to 460 Russian-speaking students of limited English proficiency at three public and four private high schools in Brooklyn and Queens, New York. The primary project goal was to help students to plan and prepare for future…

Shore, Rima; Schulman, Robert

96

Evaluating the Evidence Base for Cognitive Strategy Instruction and Mathematical Problem Solving  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review considers both the content and methodologies of 5 single-subject and 2 group experimental design studies investigating the effects of cognitive strategy instruction on the mathematical problem solving of students with disabilities, using quality indicators proposed by Horner et al. (2005) and Gersten et al. (2005). Findings indicated…

Montague, Marjorie; Dietz, Samantha

2009-01-01

97

Concept Mapping as a Research Tool to Evaluate Conceptual Change Related to Instructional Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concept maps are commonly used in a variety of educational settings as a learning aid or instructional tool. Additionally, their potential as a research tool has been recognized. This article defines features of concept maps, describes the use of pre- and postconcept maps as a research tool, and offers a protocol for employing concept maps as an…

Miller, Kevin J.; Koury, Kevin A.; Fitzgerald, Gail E.; Hollingsead, Candice; Mitchem, Katherine J.; Tsai, Hui-Hsien; Park, Meeaeng Ko

2009-01-01

98

Promoting Instructional Change in New Faculty: An Evaluation of the Physics and Astronomy New Faculty Workshop  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An important finding of Physics Education Research (PER) is that traditional, transmission-based instructional approaches are generally not effective in promoting meaningful student learning. Instead, PER advocates that physics be taught using more interactive instructional methods. Although the research base and corresponding pedagogies and strategies are well-documented and widely available to physics faculty, widespread change in physics teaching at the college level has yet to occur. Since 1996, the Workshop for New Physics and Astronomy Faculty has been working to address this problem. This workshop, jointly administered by the American Association of Physics Teachers, the American Astronomical Society, and the American Physical Society with funding from the National Science Foundation, has attracted approximately 25% of all new physics and astronomy faculty each year to an intensive 4-day workshop designed to introduce new faculty to PER-based instructional ideas and materials. This paper describes the impact of the New Faculty Workshop as measured by web-based surveys of 527 workshop participants and 206 physics and astronomy department chairs. Results indicate that the NFW is quite successful in meeting its goals and that it may be significantly contributing to the spread and acceptance of PER and PER-based instructional ideas and materials.

Henderson, Charles R.

2009-07-06

99

Online, Pre-Instructional Questioning Strategies: Do Formative Evaluations Correlate with End-of-Course Summative Evaluations in Engineering Graphics  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the fall 2006 semester at North Carolina State University, students in an introductory engineering graphics course were asked to complete a reading assignment each week and take an online assessment before coming to class for additional instruction. The online assessments were completed using WebCT Vista. After all assessments were completed, students were asked to provide feedback by filling out

Ted Branoff

100

Evaluation of Computer-Aided Instruction in a Gross Anatomy Course: A Six-Year Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a multi-year study investigating the effectiveness of web based computer-aided instruction (CAI) and the factors affecting level of individual use. Three CAI were tested that differed in specificity of applicability to the curriculum and in the level of student interaction with the CAI. Outcomes measured include personality preferences, learning styles, and frequency of use as it correlated with exam performance.

2009-02-01

101

Prediction of Students' Evaluations from Brief Instances of Professors' Nonverbal Behavior in Defined Instructional Situations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the power of judges' ratings of professors' nonverbal (NV) classroom behavior in content-free brief instances\\u000a (nine seconds) to predict actual end-of-course students' ratings of teaching (SRT). Professors in 67 courses were videotaped\\u000a in 4 instructional situations: First class session; Lecturing; Interacting with students; and Talking about the course. The\\u000a overall finding was that thin slices of professors'

Elisha Babad; Dinah Avni-Babad; Robert Rosenthal

2004-01-01

102

Achieving Ecological Validity of Occupation-Based Interventions for Healthy Aging  

PubMed Central

Aim To develop a culturally sensitive occupation-based health promotion intervention for older Hispanic adults who live alone. Methods We used a mixed method design for the content validation of the intervention and the Ecological Validity Model (EVM) to culturally center the intervention. In the quantitative phase, aging experts as well as community members from two activity centers for the elderly in Puerto Rico completed a content validity ratio exercise. In the qualitative phase, we conducted three focus groups with these participants. Data analysis included content validity ratio and a directed content analysis. Results This resulted in a working version of the intervention protocol addressing the eight dimensions of the EVM. Conclusions The EVM can be used to culturally center preventive interventions to other ethnic minority groups to augment the external validity and cultural competence of interventions. Future research must test the feasibility of this new intervention.

Orellano-Colón, Elsa M.; Varas-Díaz, Nelson; Bernal, Guillermo; Mountain, Gail A.

2015-01-01

103

Evaluation of the TSC Dolphin Computer Assisted Instructional System in the Chapter 1 Program of the District of Columbia Public Schools. Final Report 85-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dolphin is a computer-assisted instruction system used to teach and reinforce skills in reading, language arts, and mathematics. An evaluation of this system was conducted to provide information to TSC Division of Houghton Mifflin regarding its effectiveness and possible modifications to the system. The general design of the evaluation was to…

Harris, Carolyn DeMeyer; And Others

104

Design, development, and evaluation of visual aids for communicating prescription drug instructions to nonliterate patients in rural Cameroon.  

PubMed

In this study, culturally sensitive visual aids designed to help convey drug information to nonliterate female adults who had a prescription for a solid oral dosage form of antibiotic medications were developed and evaluated. The researchers conceptualized the educational messages while a local artist produced the visual aids. Seventy-eight female ambulatory patients were evaluated for comprehension and compliance with antibiotic prescription instructions. The study was conducted in three health centers in Cameroon, West Africa and followed a pre-test, post-test, and follow-up format for three groups: two experimental, and one control. All participants were randomly assigned to either experimental or control groups, 26 patients to each group. Subjects in the experimental groups received visual aids alone or visual aids plus an Advanced Organizer. A comparison of the three groups showed that subjects in the experimental groups scored significantly higher than the control group in both the comprehension and compliance measures. PMID:9104382

Ngoh, L N; Shepherd, M D

1997-03-01

105

Design, development, and evaluation of visual aids for communicating prescription drug instructions to nonliterate patients in rural Cameroon.  

PubMed

In this study, culturally sensitive visual aids designed to help convey drug information to nonliterate female adults who had a prescription for a solid oral dosage form of antibiotic medications were developed and evaluated. The researchers conceptualized the educational messages while a local artist produced the visual aids. Seventy-eight female ambulatory patients were evaluated for comprehension and compliance with antibiotic prescription instructions. The study was conducted in three health centers in Cameroon, West Africa and followed a pre-test, post-test, and follow-up format for three groups: two experimental, and one control. All participants were randomly assigned to either experimental or control groups, 26 patients to each group. Subjects in the experimental groups received visual aids alone or visual aids plus an Advanced Organizer. A comparison of the three groups showed that subjects in the experimental groups scored significantly higher than the control group in both the comprehension and compliance measures. PMID:9277247

Ngoh, L N; Shepherd, M D

1997-07-01

106

Peer Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peer instruction may offer some of the richest opportunities for metacognitive teaching. Reciprocal (peer) teaching forces the instructor to use a whole series of metacognitive processes such as determining what the learner already knows, deciding what is to be taught/learned and how; monitoring comprehension and evaluating the outcome in terms of increased comprehension, which in turn encourages the instructor to reflect upon his or her own thinking processes. By asking the students to defend their answer to a question to another student you are, in effect, moving the role of "teacher" to the students.

Samson, Perry

107

A Humanistic Approach to Evaluation of Community College Non-Instructional Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To fulfill the need to develop a system of performance evaluation of noninstructional personnel which would serve as a guide for personnel development as well as a measure of performance, an evaluation systems model was constructed. This project necessitated a study of the existing noninstructional personnel evaluation systems at all four- and…

Wesolowski, Zdzislaw P.

108

Occupancy-Based Energy Management in Buildings: Final Report to Sponsors  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), the University of California Merced (UCM), and the United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) conducted field studies and modeling analyses in the Classroom and Office Building (COB) and the Science and Engineering Building (S&E) at the University of California, Merced. In the first year, of a planned multiyear project, our goal was to study the feasibility and efficacy of occupancy-based energy management. The first-year research goals were twofold. The first was to explore the likely energy savings if we know the number and location of building occupants in a typical commercial building. The second was to model and estimate people movement in a building. Our findings suggest that a 10-14percent reduction in HVAC energy consumption is possible over typical HVAC operating conditions when we know occupancy throughout the building. With the conclusion of the first-year tasks, we plan to review these results further before this group pursues follow-on funding.

Sohn, Michael D.; Black, Douglas R.; Price, Phillip N.; Lin, Yiqing; Brahme, Rohini; Surana, Amit; Narayanan, Satish; Cerpa, Alberto; Ericson, Varick; Kamthe, Ankur

2010-07-01

109

A Causal Analysis of the Relationships among Ongoing Curriculum-Based Measurement and Evaluation, the Structure of Instruction, and Student Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Causal modeling techniques were used to examine relationships among: (1) a curriculum-based special education measurement and evaluation system, (2) structure of instruction, and (3) achievement. All three constructs were stable over time. Teachers' accuracy in setting up student performance measurement was directly related to student achievement.…

Wesson, Caren; And Others

1988-01-01

110

These Kids Just Aren't Motivated to Read: The Influence of Preservice Teachers' Beliefs on Their Expectations, Instruction, and Evaluation of Struggling Readers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study examined the beliefs of preservice teachers about teaching struggling readers. The study was concerned with participants' beliefs in the context of tutoring struggling readers in order to discover how these beliefs influenced the preservice teachers' expectations, instruction, and evaluations of these learners. The…

Scharlach, Tabatha Dobson

2008-01-01

111

Evaluation of a discussion technique used for both classroom instruction and grade assignment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper reports the evaluation of a discussion technique used in a one-quarter conceptual physics course. The plan included not only specific guidelines for classroom discussion but also a quantitative method for assigning grades for discussion contributions. The technique was evaluated using questionnaires, written comments by students, and student records of study habits. An analysis of this evaluation indicates an overall favorable response from students.

Long, Dale; Bedard, Jo

2005-10-27

112

From Legislation to Implementation: An Evaluation of the Instructional Facilities Allotment Policy  

E-print Network

or not the particular policy in question yielded the intended outcome, or systems output (Heck, 2004). The evaluation phase of the policy process essentially serves as the connection or link between the system output and input. Fowler (2000) defines policy evaluation..., regulations, or mandates of the policy. The final purpose of evaluation is to provide knowledge that will help guide the future of a policy or program (Mark, Henry, & 12 Julnes, 2000). This study serves, whether directly or indirectly, the above...

Core, Brandon Heath

2013-04-24

113

Master of Science in Online Instructional  

E-print Network

and technology teams and projects, utilizing effective written and oral communication strategies. #12;According of learning and performance, and the design, development, implementation, evaluation and management online multimedia-based instructional content and courseware. · Evaluate and integrate instructional

Fraden, Seth

114

Multivariable Implications of an Instructional Innovation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Time, money, and learning effectiveness should all be considered in evaluating an instructional system. As an illustration, the authors describe the evaluation of an individualized instructional system using tutors. (Authors/BD)

Fraley, Lawrence; Vargas, Ernest

1976-01-01

115

Course goals, competencies, and instructional objectives.  

PubMed

This article describes how to compose instructional objectives for use in veterinary curricula, and describes the differences between course goals, competencies, and instructional objectives. The essential components of instructional objectives are described in detail, and guidance in choosing appropriate wording is provided. The paper concludes with a suggested framework for evaluating an instructional objective. PMID:23709110

Schoenfeld-Tacher, Regina; Sims, Michael H

2013-01-01

116

Instructional Architect  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Instructional Architect (IA) is a digital library service developed to support the instructional use of National Science Digital Library (NSDL) and other web resources. Teachers are able to search, select, sequence, annotate and reuse online educational resources to create online instructional projects in the IA environment. IA breaks down the technology barriers and allows teachers with basic computer skills to create online projects and efficiently address their instructional needs.

2009-03-27

117

Comparing Apples to Oranges: An Evaluation of Quarter Calendar Data in the Delaware Study of Instructional Costs and Productivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four-year colleges and universities submit faculty teaching load and instructional cost data annually to the Delaware Study of Instructional Costs and Productivity. While the Delaware Study currently adjusts the calculation of annual FTE students to account for the difference in annual student credit hours (SCH) earned by students at semester and…

Walters, Allison M.

2009-01-01

118

Evaluation of Three Models of Instruction for 9th Grade Turkish Literature Course and Implications for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to assess the extent to which each of the three types of instruction (authentic, where, differentiated) engages 9th grade high school students in achieving language proficiency. The paper examines the features of these models of instructions and teachers? opinion about them. It includes a descriptive research in survey…

Pilav, Salim

2014-01-01

119

Evaluation of an Attributional Retraining (Modeling Technique) to Reduce Gender Differences in Chemistry Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is an evaluation of an attributional retraining intervention conceptualized to promote girls gifted in the natural sciences. The attributional retraining was based on a modeling technique, and conceptualized for ninth-grade chemistry students attending a college preparatory high school (German Gymnasium). The aim of the training was to…

Ziegler, Albert; Stoeger, Heidrun

2004-01-01

120

Using Art Elicitation to Deliver and Evaluate a Grade 4 Climate Change Instructional Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report the results of a climate change module delivered to 48 Grade 3/4 students in Nova Scotia, Canada. We tested for prior knowledge and evaluated interventional effectiveness using art elicitation. Common climate change misconceptions were demonstrated in their preintervention artwork, while postintervention artwork showed improved…

Baker, Jillian; Loxton, Jason; Sherren, Kate

2013-01-01

121

Evaluating Three Programs Using a School Effectiveness Model: Direct Instruction, Target Teach, and Class Size Reduction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Value-added models, which rate schools for effectiveness while taking into account the poverty and other socioeconomic status of the students, are generating increased interest. This paper describes the use of one such model to evaluate whether school ratings changed when three new programs were introduced: the "Target Teach" curriculum alignment,…

Thompson, Bruce

2006-01-01

122

Multimedia Instruction: Lessons from Evaluation of a Theory-Based Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a theoretical model of stages in the comprehension of a machine from diagrams and accompanying text, and considers the implications of this model for designing hypermedia manuals that explain how machines work. Reports on three experiments with undergraduates that evaluated hypermedia and multimedia manuals based on this model.…

Hegarty, Mary; Quilici, Jill; Narayanan, N. Hari; Holmquist, Selma; Moreno, Roxana

1999-01-01

123

Evaluation of Two Instruction Methods to Increase Employment Options for Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated the efficacy of a vocational training program including behavioral skills training, and a "performance cue system" (i.e., a proprietary iPhone application adapted for the study) to teach targeted social-vocational skills to six young adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. In two separate studies, participants were employed to assist…

Burke, Raymond V.; Andersen, Melissa N.; Bowen, Scott L.; Howard, Monica R.; Allen, Keith D.

2010-01-01

124

Mental Models: An Alternative Evaluation of a Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of the wide variety of approaches to ethics training it is still debatable which approach has the highest potential\\u000a to enhance professionals’ integrity. The current effort assesses a novel curriculum that focuses on metacognitive reasoning\\u000a strategies researchers use when making sense of day-to-day professional practices that have ethical implications. The evaluated\\u000a trainings effectiveness was assessed by examining five

Meagan E. Brock; Andrew Vert; Vykinta Kligyte; Ethan P. Waples; Sydney T. Sevier; Michael D. Mumford

2008-01-01

125

Progress in Evaluation Study. Third Annual Report of the Center for the Study of Evaluation of Instructional Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report covers the activities of the Center for the Study of Evaluation (CSE) from October 1, 1967 through October 31, 1968, and indicates the major efforts projected for the future. Included in the report are descriptions of the Center's projects and activities, the new CSE approach, administrative functions and supporting services, its staff…

California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for the Study of Evaluation.

126

A Comparison of Traditional Classroom Instruction and Anchored Instruction with University General Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effects of a traditional instructional format and technology-enhanced anchored instruction on the immediate and long-term acquisition of knowledge was evaluated with 100 university students in a special-education course. The CD-ROM-based anchored-instruction group outperformed the traditional instruction group on the multiple-choice follow-up test…

Langone, John; Malone, D. Michael; Stecker, Pamela M.; Greene, Eric

1998-01-01

127

Exploring instructional strategies to develop prospective elementary teachers' children’s literature book evaluation skills for science, ecology and environmental education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an auto?ethnographic account of the development of a children’s literature book critique assignment by a science teacher educator sharing instructional dilemmas and pedagogical responses. Prospective elementary teachers enrolled in an elementary school science teaching methods course in the US selected and evaluated children’s literature books with science, environment and nature content. The book critique assignment sought to

J. William Hug

2010-01-01

128

Evaluation of computer-aided instruction techniques for the crew interface coordination position  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Crew Interface Coordinator (CIC) is responsible for real-time voice and procedural communication between the payload crew on the orbiter and the payload operations team on the ground. This function is dedicated to science activities and operations, and may also include some responsibilities for crew training. CIC training at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) consists of mission-independent training, mission simulations, and line-organization training. As identified by Schneider, the program provides very good generic training; however position-specific training may be obtained in a very unstructured way. A computer-based training system, identified as Mac CIC, is currently under development to address this issue. Mac CIC is intended to provide an intermediate level of training in order to prepare the CIC for the more intensive mission simulations. Although originally intended as an intelligent tutoring system, Mac CIC currently exists as a hypertext-based application. The objectives of this research is to evaluate the current system and to provide both recommendations and a detailed plan for Mac CIC's evolution into an intelligent tutoring system.

Moynihan, Gary P.

1993-01-01

129

Literacy Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine literacy instruction in light of recent research and practice, this journal issue presents five articles focusing on the creation of a literate society where people appreciate literature and can use reading and writing to enrich their lives. The first article, "Literacy Instruction: An Alternative" (A. S. Bayer), presents an alternative…

Pickens, Alex L., Ed.; Kali, Alex P., Ed.

1986-01-01

130

Effect of occupation-based groups on self-concept of children aged 5-8: a pilot study.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT The goal of this pilot study was to ascertain the effectiveness of an occupation-based after-school program for improving self-concept in children, ages five through eight. Fifty-four randomly selected children ages five through eight from two schools (one being the control group) with similar socioeconomic status along the Ohio River were involved in this research study. The Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance for Young Children (PCSA; Harter & Pike, 1984) was administered to all participants (N = 54), four subtests were analyzed: cognitive competence, social competence with peers, physical competence in sports, and maternal acceptance. The experimental group (n = 25) attended occupation-based groups two times a week after school. The control group (n = 29) did not participate in an after-school program. Data from pre-test and post-test were analyzed using a t-test. Findings demonstrated that the experimental group improved their self-concept scores when compared to the control group in the areas of peer acceptance and cognitive competence. This would offer tentative evidence that an after-school program directed by occupational therapists that is designed to improve self-concept may be successful. PMID:25338266

Scurlock, Debra

2015-01-01

131

Instructional Diversity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers who successfully use diverse learning modes in their instructional approaches accomplish several remarkable things. First, they create a climate where the ways of knowing central to the different modalities are all seen as legitimate, acceptable,

Samples, Bob

2000-01-01

132

A Computer-Assisted Instruction Program on How To Use a Library Card Catalog: Description, Program, and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The computer program described is written in BASIC and, although it was developed for use at Slippery Rock State College, it could be adapted easily for other libraries using Library of Congress classification and cataloging rules. The program uses simple sequences of instructions and explanations followed by questions. Branching is employed to…

Wood, Richard J.

133

Powerful Pedagogies: Evaluating Effective Culturally Relevant English Instruction for High Achieving African American Males in Advanced Placement English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Helping teachers to effectively use culturally relevant instructional practices can help the educational community close the literacy gap for African American males. This study examines effective secondary English teachers and their high achieving African American male students. Using critical race and sociocultural theories as a conceptual…

Johnson, Stanley Louis, Jr.

2011-01-01

134

Tinkering with the Traditional to Assess and Promote Quality Instruction: Learning from a New and Unimproved Instructor Evaluation Instrument  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For over 30 years survey instruments have been used in colleges of higher education to measure instructional effectiveness. Extensive research has been conducted to determine which items best capture this construct. This research study was triggered by a college of education's enthusiastic but failed attempt to create a new and improved instructor…

Amrein-Beardsley, Audrey; Haladyna, Thomas

2009-01-01

135

Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Package for Teaching Tutors to Conduct Discrete-Trials Teaching with Children with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A widely used method for teaching children with autism is applied behavior analysis (ABA), and a main component of ABA programming is discrete-trials teaching (DTT). Using a modified multiple-baseline design across participants, we assessed the effectiveness of a DTT self-instructional package (Fazzio & Martin, 2007) for teaching four pairs of…

Thomson, Kendra M.; Martin, Garry L.; Fazzio, Daniela; Salem, Sandra; Young, Kristen; Yu, C. T.

2012-01-01

136

The Evaluation of Enhanced Academic Instruction in After-School Programs: Final Report. NCEE 2009-4077  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether providing structured academic instruction in reading or math to students in grades two to five during their afterschool hours--instead of the less formal academic supports offered in regular after-school programs-- improves their academic performance in the subject. This is the second and…

Black, Alison Rebeck; Somers, Marie-Andree; Doolittle, Fred; Unterman, Rebecca; Grossman, Jean Baldwin

2009-01-01

137

Investigating Change in Epistemic Beliefs: An Evaluation of the Impact of Student Teachers' Beliefs on Instructional Preference and Teaching Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the claim that effective teacher behaviour is rooted in teacher beliefs about the nature of knowledge, learning and ability. A longitudinal design was used to obtain data on student teachers' epistemic beliefs, instructional preference and teaching competence. Results from statistical analyses show that there were…

Sosu, Edward M.; Gray, Donald S.

2012-01-01

138

The Virtual Resource Center in Behavioral Disorders: Dissemination and Evaluation of Instructional Supports via the World Wide Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the Virtual Resource Center in Behavioral Disorders (VRCBD), a World Wide Web site designed to provide training and ongoing support for students and professionals preparing to work with children with behavioral disorders and their instructors. The goals of VRCBD are: to provide instructional supports for instructors and users…

Watson, Patricia; Fitzgerald, Gail E.; Semrau, Louis P.

139

Personalized System of Instruction in Cyberspace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated use of the Computer-Aided Personalized System of Instruction (CAPSI) based on Keller's Personalized System of Instruction with four different undergraduate psychology classes who received no classroom instruction. Students' performance and ratings indicate that CAPSI is a viable online educational method. (DB)

Pear, Joseph J.; Crone-Todd, Darlene E.

1999-01-01

140

Instructional Facility Utilization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data describing campus facility use for instructional and related purposes for one week of activity in Fall 1978 were collected and evaluated at Kalamazoo Valley Community College. Four measures of space utilization were used: (1) percent of available time used; (2) percent of available space used; (3) percent of scheduled space utilized; and (4)…

Kalamazoo Valley Community Coll., MI.

141

Active Evolution Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To help elevate your level of active instruction, this chapter provides a sampling of the kinds of hands-on activities that promote understanding of evolutionary processes. These particular activities are structured according to the BSCS 5E Instruction Model--engage,explore, explain, elaborate, and evaluate. The 5E Model is a teaching sequence that can be used for entire programs, specific units, or individual lessons (Bybee 1997). This chapter also contains print and online resources for new ideas and practical applications that will help you emphasize science process and how evolutionary changes affect us daily. This free selection also includes the Table of Contents, Introduction, and Index.

Jensen, Judy E.

2008-11-01

142

Direct Instruction: a model of instructional design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instructional design is chiefly concerned with the arrangement of the environment to optimise learning according to various criteria. While there are a number of instructional design theories and models, the Direct Instruction Model (Engelmann & Carnine, 1982) is the focus of this paper. The importance of instructional design is stressed and the Direct Instruction Model is analysed in terms of

Joseph Moore

1986-01-01

143

Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Manual for Conducting Discrete-Trials Teaching With Children With Autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discrete-trials teaching (DTT) is commonly used to implement applied behavior analysis treatment for children with autism. The authors investigated a revised self-instructional manual for teaching university students to implement a 21-component DTT procedure to teach three tasks to confederates role-playing children with autism. Also, as a motivational contingency, for each DTT session in which a student scored at or above

Carly Thiessen; Daniela Fazzio; Lindsay Arnal; Garry L. Martin; C. T. Yu; Lukas Keilback

2009-01-01

144

Questionnaire Design: Carry-Over Effects of Overall Acceptance Question Placement and Pre-evaluation Instructions on Overall Acceptance Scores in Central Location Tests.  

PubMed

Question placement and usage of pre-evaluation instructions (PEI) in questionnaires for food sensory analysis may bias consumers' scores via carry-over effects. Data from consumer sensory panels previously conducted at a central location, spanning 11 years and covering a broad range of food product categories, were compiled. Overall acceptance (OA) question placement was studied with categories designated as first (the first evaluation question following demographic questions), after nongustation questions (immediately following questions that do not require panelists to taste the product), and later (following all other hedonic and just-about-right [JAR] questions, but occasionally before ranking, open-ended comments, and/or intent to purchase questions). Each panel was categorized as having or not having PEI in the questionnaire; PEI are instructions that appear immediately before the first evaluation question and show panelists all attributes they will evaluate before receiving test samples. Postpanel surveys were administered regarding the self-reported effect of PEI on panelists' evaluation experience. OA scores were analyzed and compared (1) between OA question placement categories and (2) between panels with and without PEI. For most product categories, OA scores tended to be lower when asked later in the questionnaire, suggesting evidence of a carry-over effect. Usage of PEI increased OA scores by 0.10 of a 9-point hedonic scale point, which is not practically significant. Postpanel survey data showed that presence of PEI typically improved the panelists' experience. Using PEI does not appear to introduce a meaningful carry-over effect. PMID:25604650

Bastian, Mauresa; Eggett, Dennis L; Jefferies, Laura K

2015-02-01

145

Course Profile: Instructional Methods for Librarians Course Number: LIS 7880  

E-print Network

methods, the instructional design process, and how informational needs relate to instruction. Learning and vocabulary relating to teaching, learning, instructional design, and information literacy. 3. Identify an informational need. 4. Select among a variety of instructional methodologies and design, implement, evaluate

Berdichevsky, Victor

146

Understanding Instructions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to help adult basic education (ABE) teachers teach their students to understand instructions in their daily lives. The 25 learning activities included all develop students' skills in the area of following directions by using basic situations drawn from everyday life. The following activities are included: sequencing pictures…

Milburn, Val

147

Vocabulary Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the web site Doing What Works, this section describes research-based practices to promote vocabulary development in middle and high school. It includes a multimedia overview of the importance of providing explicit vocabulary instruction, video clips, links to research, and other resources. Content area teachers and strategies for use in content areas like science are specifically addressed in the recommendations.

2008-01-01

148

Writing Technical Instructions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students walk through the process of creating technical instructions by first analyzing existing instructions. They then select an item and an audience for which they will write technical instructions. After writing their own instructions, students conduct usability tests of each other’s instructions, providing user feedback. Finally, students use this user feedback to revise their instructions before publishing them.

2012-05-24

149

International Journal of Ventilation ISSN 1473-3315 Volume 10 No1 June 2011 Optimization of Occupancy Based Demand Controlled Ventilation  

E-print Network

International Journal of Ventilation ISSN 1473-3315 Volume 10 No1 June 2011 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 49 Optimization of Occupancy Based Demand Controlled Ventilation in Residences Dorthe K. Mortensen1, the application of demand controlled ventilation in residences is limited. In this study we used occupant exposure

150

Investigating the Use of the Personalized System of Instruction in Distance Education. REDEAL Research #1. Project REDEAL. Research and Evaluation of Distance Education for the Adult Learner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the effects of using the Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) model in distance education. The PSI version of the course (PSI-P) was compared to a version of the course that was found to be instructionally weak (C), a revised version of the course that had an improved instructional design (IB), and a version of the course…

Spencer, Robert E.

151

THE EFFECTS OF CONDITIONAL DISCRIMINATION INSTRUCTION AND VERBAL BEHAVIOR ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF HIERARCHICAL RESPONDING.  

E-print Network

??This investigation evaluated the use of conditional discrimination (CD) instruction and multiple exemplar instruction (MEI) to establish derived relational responding in accordance with hierarchical frames… (more)

Barnes, Clarissa Sue

2013-01-01

152

Assessing the Effectiveness of a Mathematics-Focused, Instructional Technology Program for Grades 6-8: A 5-Year Trend Analysis of NASA CONNECT(tm) Evaluation Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA CONNECT is a research-, inquiry, and standards-based, integrated mathematics, science, and technology series of 30-minute instructional distance learning (television and web-based) programs for students in grades 6 8. Respondents who evaluated the programs in the series over the first five seasons (1998-99 through 2002-03) reported that (1) they used the programs in the series; (2) the goals and objectives for the series were met; (3) the programs were aligned with the national mathematics, science, and technology standards; (4) the program content was developmentally appropriate for the grade level; and (5) the programs in the series enhanced and enriched the teaching of mathematics, science, and technology.

Glassman, Nanci A.; Perry, Jeannine B.; Giersch, Christopher E.; Lambert, Matthew A.; Pinelli, Thomas E.

2004-01-01

153

Using Evaluation to Improve Instruction: Instructor's Guide and Participant's Manual. Teaching Procedures for The New Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet uses materials developed during the High School Geography Project to guide teachers and other participants through the formulation of learning objectives, evaluation of those objectives, use of that evaluation to improve teaching, and the application of the process to the construction of an evaluation instrument. After completing the…

Richburg, Robert W.

154

Fetch directed instruction prefetching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instruction supply is a crucial component of processor performance. Instruction prefetching has been proposed as a mechanism to help reduce instruction cache misses, which in turn can help increase instruction supply to the processor. In this paper we examine a new instruction prefetch architecture called Fetch Directed Prefetching, and compare it to the performance of next-line prefetching and streaming buffers.

Glenn Reinmant; Brad Calder; Todd M. Austin

1999-01-01

155

Finding e[superscript 3] (Effective, Efficient, and Engaging) Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From a review of instructional design theories, research, and practice, the author has derived his "First Principles of Instruction". In this article, he suggests a rubric for using these principles to evaluate existing instruction. The article presents a Course Evaluation form and accompanying demonstration and application rubrics that enable the…

Merrill, M. David

2009-01-01

156

A Model System for the Design and Maintenance of Related Instruction Curriculum for Approved U.S. Department of Labor Apprenticeship Programs; Phase III. Final Report and Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A final report and final evaluation report of Phase III are provided for a project to establish a national clearinghouse for apprenticeship-related instructional materials. The final report provides a summary and a narrative account of these project activities: identification of materials; identification of apprenticeship curriculum needs;…

Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

157

The Impact of the Katy Management of Automated Curriculum System on Planning for Learning, Delivery of Instruction and Evaluation of Student Learning as Perceived by Teachers in the Katy Independent School District in Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine teachers' perceptions of the relationship of the Katy Management of Automated Curriculum (KMAC) system developed by Katy ISD in Katy, Texas, on planning for learning, delivery of instruction and evaluation of student learning in the classroom. KMAC is a customized, proprietary networked technology…

Hogue, Sharon Lea

2010-01-01

158

Authorship and publication practices: evaluation of the effect of responsible conduct of research instruction to postdoctoral trainees.  

PubMed

We have studied postdoctoral trainees funded by NIH F32 fellowship awards in order to test the effectiveness of responsible conduct of research (RCR) education in the areas of authorship and publication practices. We used a 3-wave telephone and on-line survey design, conducted over a period of two years, in order to test for individual change before and after completing RCR education. Overall the responses of the subjects suggested a clear awareness of standards and practices in publication. However, our results failed to suggest that RCR education in this group significantly increased the level of ethically appropriate behavioral responses measured in the study. Similarly we saw no significant effect on increasing awareness of or attention to ethical guidelines about authorship and publication practices. Our interpretation of these null findings was influenced by the significant publication experience of our cohort of subjects. We forward possible explanations for these null findings in this context. Most importantly, we do not suggest that our results argue against continued instruction in RCR education. Instead, we believe our data reinforce the importance of careful articulation of course goals and objectives with attention to the background and experience of the student audience when developing RCR curricula. PMID:18246945

Funk, Carolyn L; Barrett, Kirsten A; Macrina, Francis L

2007-01-01

159

A Comprehensive System for the Evaluation of Innovative Online Instruction at a Research University: Foundations, Components and Effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The delivery of post-secondary coursework via the Internet continues to gain momentum. As a result, investigations into effective and appropriate methods of evaluating the effectiveness of these courses are required. In an effort to meet this challenge, this study describes the development and implementation of an evaluation system applied to new online programs at a major research university. A systematic

Kristine Y. Hogarty; Melinda R. Hess; Gianna Rendina-Gobioff; Amy Hilbelink; Tom R. Lang

160

Individualized Instruction, Instructional Technology, and the Hearing-Impaired Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three important subfields of instructional technology, instructional design technology, instructional media technology, and instructional management technology are reviewed for their contributions to individualized instruction of hearing impaired students. (CL)

Volp, Frederick D.; McNamara, James E.

1984-01-01

161

The Identification, Implementation, and Evaluation of Critical User Interface Design Features of Computer-Assisted Instruction Programs in Mathematics for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical user interface design features of computer-assisted instruction programs in mathematics for students with learning disabilities and corresponding implementation guidelines were identified in this study. Based on the identified features and guidelines, a multimedia computer-assisted instruction program, "Math Explorer", which delivers…

Seo, You-Jin; Woo, Honguk

2010-01-01

162

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Video Instruction on Social and Communication Skills Training for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Video instruction as an intervention for teaching skills to children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is gaining increased momentum in applied settings.Video instruction, comprised of video modeling, video self-modeling, and point-of-view video, has been utilized in various fields of study with various populations and target behaviors.…

Shukla-Mehta, Smita; Miller, Trube; Callahan, Kevin J.

2010-01-01

163

Using Visualisations in Secondary School Physics Teaching and Learning: Evaluating the Efficacy of an Instructional Program to Facilitate Understanding of Gas and Liquid Pressure Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instructional program using four simulation applets was used to facilitate understanding of gas and liquid pressure concepts among twenty-two students in a Year 9 class from an independent secondary school in Singapore. A comparison group consisting of twenty-two students was taught using traditional didactic, chalk-and-talk instruction.…

Oh, Elisabeth Yian Yian; Treagust, David F.; Koh, Thiam Seng; Phang, Wei Lian; Ng, Shuh Lit; Sim, Gary; Chandrasegaran, A. L.

2012-01-01

164

An Evaluation of Instructional Coaching at Selected High Schools in North Louisiana and Its Effect on Student Achievement, Organizational Climate, and Teacher Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare high schools in north Louisiana to determine if the presence or absence of instructional coaches influenced student achievement, organizational climate, and/or teacher efficacy in any significant manner. The 11 high schools in north Louisiana utilizing instructional coaches were matched to 11 high schools…

Hearn, Richard M.

2010-01-01

165

CIVA: Custom instruction vulnerability analysis framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a methodology for analyzing the vulnerability of custom instructions against the electronic faults, considering different operations and the custom instruction graph topology. Our approach enables designers to optionally constrain the operand types and also the custom functional unit structure to reach an acceptable vulnerability. We have developed a framework to evaluate the desired goal. The presented framework

Ali Azarpeyvand; Mostafa E. Salehi; Seid Mehdi Fakhraie

2012-01-01

166

SOME QUANTITATIVE ASPECTS OF THE INSTRUCTIONAL PROCESS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE DATA FROM THE SEVERAL STUDIES ANALYZED IN THIS REPORT HAVE BEEN COLLECTED AS PART OF AN ON-GOING EFFORT TO IMPLEMENT THE ABT ASSOCIATES' EDUCATION COST EFFECTIVENESS INSTRUCTIONAL PROCESS SUBMODEL, WHICH IS DEVELOPING TECHNIQUES TO EVALUATE THE QUANTITATIVE, CAUSE-AND-EFFECT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE INSTRUCTIONAL PROCESS AND SCHOLASTIC…

GAVIN, WILLIAM J.; SPITZER, MURRAY

167

Development and Validation of an Instrument for Student Evaluation of the Quality of Web-Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We developed an instrument that allows instructors to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the quality of Web-based courses. Development and validation of the instrument involved four phases. In Phase I, an instrument was developed based on survey results from students and instructors of Web-based courses and an extensive literature review. In…

Stewart, Ingrid; Hong, Eunsook; Strudler, Neal

2004-01-01

168

Evaluating the Use of Corpus-Based Instruction in a Language Teacher Education Context: Perspectives from the Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent practice in the study of language on teacher education programmes has been the use of electronic corpora, and we are therefore still at the initial stages of exploring key issues relating to their integration. Despite arguments for and against their adaptation, there is a dearth of evaluative research examining student teachers'…

Farr, Fiona

2008-01-01

169

Designing the Instructional Interface.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designing the instructional interface is a challenging endeavor requiring knowledge and skills in instructional and visual design, psychology, human-factors, ergonomic research, computer science, and editorial design. This paper describes the instructional interface, the challenges of its development, and an instructional systems approach to its…

Lohr, L. L.

2000-01-01

170

Sources of Instructional Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed patterns of instructional leadership sources. The instrument, Sources of Instructional Leadership (SOIL), was based on instructional leadership and effective schools literature. It dealt with the management of instructional resources, and related to one of six leadership functions: organizing, coordinating, developing,…

Selim, Philip D.

171

Instruction, Capacity, and Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research report offers a theoretical frame for examining recent instructional improvement efforts. First, it develops a theoretical view of instruction and an analysis of the environments of instruction. It analyzes the relations between instruction and its environments and the circumstances under which intervenors must operate. The report…

Cohen, David K.; Ball, Deborah Loewenberg

172

A systematic approach to instruction in research ethics.  

PubMed

This article describes a systematic approach for developing instructional programs that emphasizes defining learning needs, planning the learning environment, and evaluating learning to ensure continuous course improvement. This review outlines the nature of these interrelated components of instructional development and draws attention to issues specific to instruction in research ethics. Guiding questions summarize key, practical considerations, and the discussion suggests future steps in the pursuit of effective instruction in research ethics. Overall, the variety of approaches to instruction and mixed findings regarding its effectiveness underscore the need to apply a systematic framework to instruction in research ethics. PMID:24073607

Antes, Alison L

2014-01-01

173

Computer-assisted instruction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results are presented of a project of research and development on strategies for optimizing the instructional process, and dissemination of information about the applications of such research to the instructional medium of computer-assisted instruction. Accomplishments reported include construction of the author language INSTRUCT, construction of a practical CAI course in the area of computer science, and a number of investigations into the individualization of instruction, using the course as a vehicle.

Atkinson, R. C.

1974-01-01

174

Moving from Subjective to Objective Assessment of Your Instruction Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the distinction between student evaluation and program assessment; the development of assessment methods for library instruction; and the various steps taken in the writing, testing, revising, and use of an assessment instrument for the Schurz Library instruction program at Indiana University South Bend. Library instruction guidelines,…

Colborn, Nancy Wootton; Cordell, Rosanne M.

1998-01-01

175

Instructional Materials for Occupational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The resource guide of instructional materials is one of two guides developed by 84 occupational education teachers in the State of New York, each experienced with the designated high school population. The assessment instrument developed to evaluate the occupational education materials is included. The occupational education materials are grouped…

State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Cornell Inst. for Research and Development in Occupational Education.

176

Instructional Materials for Career Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The resource guide of instructional materials is one of two volumes developed by 92 career education teachers in the State of New York, each experienced with the designated subject matter or grade level. The assessment instrument developed to evaluate the materials is included. The career education materials are grouped into sections by grade…

State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Cornell Inst. for Research and Development in Occupational Education.

177

Individualizing Instruction through Team Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective individualized instruction and increased student participation in foreign language communication skills could be achieved by a team-teaching approach. A team, comprised of the regular foreign language teacher and a number of volunteer advanced students, could (1) present listening comprehension materials, (2) evaluate pronunciation and…

Otto, Frank

1968-01-01

178

Evaluating the performance and acceptance of teleconference instruction versus traditional teaching methods for undergraduate and graduate students.  

PubMed

Institutions are currently seeking alternative ways to deliver a full-line of course materials without acquiring additional staffing. Hence, faculty is charged with creating alternative ways to deliver or offer course content to students. The purpose of this study was to evaluate undergraduate and graduate performance and perception of teleconferencing versus traditional blackboard lectures. In the undergraduate course, we discovered that students performed equally as well on exams and provided favorable reviews of the course; however, the acceptance of this new format is lacking given the enrollment and number of students dropping, e.g., 30 to 40% reduction in the course before semester's end. On the other hand, students taking the graduate course appear to accept the technology well with consistent enrollments and achievement in course content. In summary, using teleconferencing as a way to teach students may be better suited for graduate students when compared to undergraduates. PMID:12580242

Latour, M A; Collodi, P

2003-01-01

179

BSCS 5E Instructional Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The guided inquiries in this book are designed using the BSCS 5E Instructional Model, commonly referred to as the 5E model (or the 5Es). Developed by the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS), the 5E model is a learning cycle based on a constructivist view of learning. The 5E model provides a planned sequence of instruction that places students at the center of their learning experiences, encouraging them to explore, construct their own understanding of scientific concepts, and relate those understandings to other concepts. This chapter includes an explanation of each phase of the BSCS 5E model--Engage, Explore, Elaborate, and Evaluate.

Emily Morgan

2007-01-01

180

Innovations in Curriculum and Instructional Materials Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a sample population education lesson plan from China. Included with the lesson, which focuses on quality of life and socialist modernization, are objectives, instructional strategies, list of materials needed, evaluation methods, and sample test items. (JN)

Population Education in Asia and the Pacific Newsletter, 1983

1983-01-01

181

A formative evaluation of problem-based learning as an instructional strategy in a medical laboratory technician course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study is a formative evaluation of problem-based learning as an effective course delivery strategy in a second year introductory Medical Laboratory Technician discipline-specific hematology course. This strategy can serve two purposes in this type of course: discipline specific content knowledge and process skills learning. A needs study identified that students required additional workplace skills as they entered the clinical internship. Students tested well on the national registry examinations, discipline-specific content knowledge, but group process skills needed improvement in the areas of collaboration, communication, and critical reasoning. Problem-based learning was identified as an change intervention to help provide these skills. A search of the literature revealed that the Baker College cultural and physical environment would support this intervention. Twelve cases were written, situated in a clinical laboratory environment, addressing learning issues identified in a modified Delphi survey of laboratory personnel e.g. fiscal responsibility, turn-around time, invasiveness of laboratory techniques, and holistic view of healthcare environment. A hematology class of 13 students received the intervention. The cases were structured to proceed from instructor-centered (guided) learning issues to learner-centered learning issues. Observations of the in-group collaboration processes were documented, as well as oral presentations and critical reasoning, with students given periodic feedback on these skills. Student surveys provided data about satisfaction, attitude to PBL process, and self-efficacy. Multiple choice discipline-specific content examinations were given and compared with classes from the previous four years. The study found that students receiving the PBL treatment scored as well as or better than students from previous years on traditional multiple choice exams. Recall questions showed positive significance and application/analysis questions showed no significance from previous years. Clinical correlations end-of-case evaluations addressing the issues of thoroughness of investigation, supporting evidence, accuracy of information, order and clarity of thought showed positive improvement across the intervention, as did the PBL processes of in-group collaboration skills, teamwork skills, and presentation skills. By the end of the intervention, students expressed preference for student-centered learning issues.

Nelson, Diane Patricia

2002-09-01

182

Early Literacy Instruction and Intervention  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this paper is to describe the efficacy of early literacy interventions and to discuss possible roles for volunteer tutors in helping prevent reading difficulties within the Response to Intervention process. First, we describe a landmark study that evaluated the impact of primary classroom instruction on reducing the proportion of students at risk for reading failure, and a more recent series of studies exploring the effects of individualizing classroom reading instruction based on students’ initial skills. Second, we review studies of more intensive early intervention to demonstrate how these interventions substantially reduce the proportion of students at risk. Third, we examine effective tutoring models that utilize volunteers. Finally, we discuss the potential role of community tutors in supporting primary classroom instruction and secondary interventions. PMID:25221452

Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Foorman, Barbara

2014-01-01

183

Modeling Instruction Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Arizona State University's modeling instruction and software development research. This approach to reform of curriculum design and teaching methodology has been guided by a Modeling Theory of Physics Instruction.

Hestenes, David

2003-10-10

184

Autoranging Picoammeter Instruction Manual  

E-print Network

Model 485 Autoranging Picoammeter Instruction Manual Contains Operating and Servicing Information Picoammeter Instruction Manual 0 1984, Keithley Instruments, Inc. Test Instrumentation Group All rights that proves to be defective. To exercise this warranty, write or call your local Keithley representative

Gellman, Andrew J.

185

A Critical Review of Instructional Design Process of Distance Learning System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional design refers to planning, development, delivery and evaluation of instructional system. It is an applied field of study aiming at the application of descriptive research outcomes in regular instructional settings. The present study was designed to critically review the process of instructional design at Allama Iqbal Open University…

Chaudry, Muhammad Ajmal; ur-Rahman, Fazal

2010-01-01

186

A Catalog of Basic Elements of College-Level Instruction. EAC Reports 79-18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist academic units in specifying quality instruction, the catalog is composed of elements of instruction, organized into four major categories: instructional plan, delivery. evaluation, and student outcomes. The instructional plan is sub-categorized into the following areas: content, objectives, materials, assignments, and…

Gillmore, Gerald M.; Hofland, Dean M.

187

Instructional Design Certificate Program  

E-print Network

E-Learning Instructional Design Certificate Program Business extension.uci.edu/eid #12;Improve Your is produced and delivered. UC Irvine Extension's E-Learning Instructional Design program has been developed. #12;Who Should Attend This program is designed for: Instructional designers Individuals who desire

Rose, Michael R.

188

Developing Mobile Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an instructional design class's experience developing instruction for the mobile web. The class was taught at a southeastern university in the United States in a master's level computer based instruction course. Two example projects are showcased and student reflections on design issues are highlighted. Additionally,…

Martin, Florence; Pastore, Raymond; Snider, Jean

2012-01-01

189

The Instructional Capacitor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many administrators are so overwhelmed by the basic responsibilities of their daily work that there seems to be little or no time left for providing quality leadership in instruction. Instead, schools employ department chairs, instructional specialists, and coordinators to provide instructional leadership. How can administrators find time in the…

Walton, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

190

Speechreading Instruction for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This holistic approach to speechreading instruction proposes: enhancement of the child's self-motivation, strategy-based instruction, an interactive processing approach that focuses on meaning and psycholinguistic guessing, bisensory instruction, and a hierarchical continuum beginning with easy, successful activities that gradually increase in…

Yoshinaga-Itano, Christine

1988-01-01

191

Instructional Rounds in Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Instructional Rounds in Action" is an invaluable guide for those involved in implementing instructional rounds as the foundation and framework for systemic improvement in schools. Over the past few years, districts across the United States, Canada, and Australia have begun implementing "instructional rounds," a set of ideas and practices for…

Roberts, John E.

2012-01-01

192

Personalized Systems of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personalized systems of instruction (PSI), also called individualized instruction or contingency-managed instruction, were developed in the mid-1960s at the college level by Fred Keller, a reinforcement learning theorist. The Keller plan consists of five features: self-pacing, unit mastery, student tutors, optional motivational lectures, and…

McGaw, Dickinson

193

The ABCs of ISD* (*Instructional Systems Design).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Instructional Systems Design model is presented. Phases of the model are explained. They are: (1) analysis (organizational, learner, and job needs, and evaluation); (2) design (objectives, specifications, strategies, evaluation); (3) development (evaluation, tests, media, materials); and (4) implementation (instructor characteristics, training…

Rosenberg, Marc J.

1982-01-01

194

Instructional television utilization in the United States  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various aspects of utilizing instructional television (ITV) are summarized and evaluated and basic guidelines for future utilization of television as an instructional medium in education are considered. The role of technology in education, capabilities and limitations of television as an instructional media system and the state of ITV research efforts are discussed. Examples of various ongoing ITV programs are given and summarized. The problems involved in the three stages of the ITV process (production, distribution, and classroom utilization) are presented. A summary analysis outlines probable trends in future utilization.

Dumolin, J. R.

1971-01-01

195

Field Testing and Evaluation of a Research and Instructional Unit for Increasing the Utilization of Research and Development Information and Techniques in a Secondary School System. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to determine the effectiveness of a Research and Instructional Unit (R & I Unit) in promoting increased use of research data and methodology in curricular decisionmaking at the classroom level, the Far West Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, in cooperation with Tamalpais Union High School District, conducted a pilot…

Torrey, Robert D.

196

Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA), Community School District 2 Special Alternative Instruction Program. Final Evaluation Report, 1992-93. OREA Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA) was a federally funded program serving 960 limited-English-proficient students in 10 Manhattan (New York) elementary schools in 1992-93 its third year of operation. The project provided instruction in English as a Second Language (ESL), mathematics, science, and social studies in…

Lynch, Joanne

197

The Development and Evaluation of Self-Instructional Physical Science Materials Based on Piaget's Analysis of the Growth of Logical Thinking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three self-instructional episodes for use in physical science classes were written and tested with ninth grade students. The development was based on Piaget's learning theory leading students from actions with physical apparatus to the formulation of a mathematical equation. The episodes concerned: (1) equilibrium in a balance; (2) the oscillation…

Bass, Joel Eugene

198

ERIP application instructions  

SciTech Connect

This report provides background information and instructions to assist applicants in writing Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) applications. Initial feedback fro usage for the new instructions shows that the best instructions would not be read and followed by all applicants. Applications from more than thirty applicants who have received the new instructions indicated that few had read the instructions. Based on this feedback, the instructions have been further revised to include a title page and table of contents. A warning was also added to advise applicants of the potential penalty of delayed review if these instructions are not followed. This revision was intended to address the possibility that some applicants did not see or bother to follow the instructions which followed the background information about ERIP. Included are two examples of ERIP applications which have been prepared for handout at workshops or mailing to applicants. Writing of example applications was time consuming and more difficult than expected for several reasons: (1) Full disclosures can be lengthy, very detailed, and technical. This contrasts with the desire to prepare examples which are comparatively short and easy for the non-technical person to read. (2) Disclosures contain confidential information which should not be published. (3) It is difficult to imagine that applicants will study examples when they do not bother to read the basic instructions.

Watt, D.M.

1992-01-02

199

Comments on Ellis's Integrative Strategy Instruction Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This critique of Edwin Ellis' model for integrative strategy instruction for adolescents with learning disabilities comments on the feasibility of the model in the public school context, the completeness of the model in considering elements of classroom ecology, internal integrity or consistency, evaluation of student assessment, and evaluation of…

Parker, Richard I.

1993-01-01

200

Automated Illustration of Patients Instructions  

PubMed Central

A picture can be a powerful communication tool. However, creating pictures to illustrate patient instructions can be a costly and time-consuming task. Building on our prior research in this area, we developed a computer application that automatically converts text to pictures using natural language processing and computer graphics techniques. After iterative testing, the automated illustration system was evaluated using 49 previously unseen cardiology discharge instructions. The completeness of the system-generated illustrations was assessed by three raters using a three-level scale. The average inter-rater agreement for text correctly represented in the pictograph was about 66 percent. Since illustration in this context is intended to enhance rather than replace text, these results support the feasibility of conducting automated illustration. PMID:23304392

Bui, Duy; Nakamura, Carlos; Bray, Bruce E.; Zeng-Treitler, Qing

2012-01-01

201

Writing Annotation Instructions Janyce Wiebe  

E-print Network

Writing Annotation Instructions Janyce Wiebe Department of Computer Science and the Computing Strategies for Writing Annotation Instructions In two corpus annotation projects, we followed similar strategies for developing annotation instructions and obtained good inter-coder reliability results for both

Wiebe, Janyce M.

202

Instructional Issues for Teaching Assistants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined teaching assistants' perceptions of various instructional issues and explored whether their perceptions were affected by nationality, gender, and academic discipline. Found significant predictors of teaching assistants' instructional roles, teaching style, instructional methods, communication strategies, and potential problems. (EV)

Luo, Jiali; Grady, Marilyn L.; Bellows, Laurie H.

2001-01-01

203

Direct Instruction News, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These three issues of a newsletter offer diverse kinds of information deemed to be of interest to Association for Direct Instruction (ADI) members--stories of successful implementations in different settings, write-ups of ADI awards, tips on "how to" deliver direct instruction (DI) more effectively, topical articles focused on particular types of…

Tarver, Sara, Ed.

2001-01-01

204

Three Modes of Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Indian students were divided into three treatment groups to test the hypothesis that: the students who receive instruction using visual communications method will do significantly better than the students who receive instruction in the same concepts orally or through reading a text. (JC)

McCartin, Rosemarie; Schill, William J.

1977-01-01

205

Content-Based Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This English-as-a-Second Language (ESL) journal periodical devotes entire issues to specific issues. The theme of this issue is "Content-Base Instruction." Articles include: "Syllabus Design in Content-Based Instruction" (David E. Eskey); "How Relevant Is Relevance?: An Examination of Student Needs, Interests, and Motivation in the Content-Based…

CATESOL Journal, 1992

1992-01-01

206

Policy for Instructional Video.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An examination of the general uses of video in instruction helps to formulate appropriate policy for maximizing video production and use. Wide use of instructional television makes advanced knowledge more usable and increases public awareness of new discoveries, reduces the time lag between conception and application of ideas which change society,…

Lipson, Joseph I.

207

&Technology Information about Instructional  

E-print Network

of Technology Discover the Benefits of Integrating Instructional Technology in Your Course Technology&Technology Teaching Information about Instructional Technology for Faculty and Staff at Texas A Course Now for the Fall Semester A Unique Training Event to Learn Technology- Enhanced Teaching

208

Valuing Differentiated Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is not enough to declare that differentiated instruction is going to be the order of the day. It also is not enough to call in a consultant and have teachers listen to a presentation about product, process, and assessment paradigms. Differentiated instruction is a practice that grows out of certain values that are important in the way school…

Benjamin, Amy

2006-01-01

209

Instructions for Systemic Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the technical communication classroom, the received wisdom is that good instructions should "stay out of the way" of the users' engagement with technological systems. This article draws on Burke's concept of perspective by incongruity and on examples of instructions produced during the Women's Health Movement to demonstrate that sometimes…

Seigel, Marika A.

2009-01-01

210

Department of Defense INSTRUCTION  

E-print Network

Department of Defense INSTRUCTION NUMBER 3210.7 May 14, 2004 USD(AT&L) SUBJECT: Research Integrity Regulations, Chapter 2, "Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS)," current edition (e and standards for the Department of Defense for the prevention of research misconduct. This Instruction

Weston, Ken

211

INSTRUCTION Vibration Control  

E-print Network

INSTRUCTION MANUAL Vibration Control System #12;ii Warranty Newport Corporation warrants isolator, the product will either be repaired or replaced at Newport's option. To exercise this warranty, write or call will be given prompt assistance and return instructions. Repaired or replaced products are warranted

Kleinfeld, David

212

Rotary Microtome Instruction Manual  

E-print Network

Rotary Microtome Instruction Manual Leica RM2235 V1.4; Rev B, English ­ 02/2010 Always keep-268 Internet: http://www.leica-microsystems.com #12;4 Instruction manual V 1.4 ­ 02/2010 Table of contents 1 any electronic systems and media ­ requires express prior permission in writing by Leica Biosystems

Marc, Robert E.

213

Biological Sciences Emergency Instructions  

E-print Network

Biological Sciences Emergency Instructions In the event of an EMERGENCY dial 403-220-5333 for Campus Security or dial 9-1-1 for Police, Fire or Ambulance Additional emergency instructions is found and incapacitate the shooter. Acts or Threats of Violence Attempt to distance yourself from the person if possible

de Leon, Alex R.

214

Structured Instruction: Effective Teaching of Essential Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight articles address research in teaching essentials of decoding, instruction and research in reading comprehension, strategy training for arithmetic instruction, functional competence in communication instruction, vocational skills instruction for the handicapped, community living skills instruction for mildly retarded persons, and…

Kauffman, James M., Ed.

1981-01-01

215

Using "Instructional Routines" to Differentiate Instruction: A Guide for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differentiated instruction means matching instruction to meet the different needs of learners. To deliver the wide range of instruction required to accommodate differing levels of learners in a classroom, teachers must use data-informed, small group instruction designed specifically to meet students' needs (Kosanovich, Ladinsky, Nelson, Torgesen,…

Kosanovich, Marcia

2012-01-01

216

Modeling Instruction: The Impact of Professional Development on Instructional Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modeling Instruction holds the potential for transforming science instruction and improving student achievement. Key to the success of Modeling Instruction, however, is the fidelity of implementation of its curriculum. This qualitative study examined the impact of Modeling Instruction professional development on participating teachers'…

Barlow, Angela T.; Frick, Tasha M.; Barker, Heather L.; Phelps, Amy J.

2014-01-01

217

Instructional Design and the Importance of Instructional Alignment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights the instructional design process followed by the Maricopa Community College faculty in the creation of instructional modules in Digital Visual Literacy. The paper categorizes 10 tasks that an instructional designer, a teacher, or a trainer performs during the design phase of the instructional design process. The importance of…

Martin, Florence

2011-01-01

218

Instructional Effort Report Completion of the Instructional Effort Report  

E-print Network

I E R Instructional Effort Report Completion of the Instructional Effort Report Description This guide covers the process of completing the Instructional Effort Report. Objective · To compile externally-mandated and internally-useful reports and analyses. Why is there an Instructional Effort Report

Indiana University

219

Instructional Design as Design Problem Solving: An Iterative Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design, including instructional design, is one of most complex and ill-structured kinds of problem solving. Historically, instructional design has been conceptualized as a linear set of phases (e.g., analysis, design, development, implementation, evaluation) that a designer progresses through. Silber (2007) has provided an alternative perspective…

Jonassen, David H.,

2008-01-01

220

Precision Measuring Equipment (PME) Individualized Instruction. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-paced programed and audiovisual (AV) instructional materials covering portions of the Air Force course, Precision Measuring Equipment (PME) Specialist, were developed, administered, and evaluated as means of assessing the feasibility of individualizing the PME course as part of the Air Force's Advanced Instructional System (AIS). The…

Lewis, William E.; And Others

221

Direct Instruction and Appropriate Intervention for Children with Learning Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper made reference to some experimental and quasi-experimental studies that have been conducted with special education populations using direct instruction over the last decade. Evaluation research is a relatively new area in education and particularly in special education, while the focus on individualization of instruction and warring…

Gujjar, Aijaz Ahmed

2007-01-01

222

They Teach Too: A Role for Paraprofessionals in Library Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of paraprofessional library staff at Aurora Library (Colorado) to teach part of the bibliographic instruction sessions. Highlights include strategic planning, revising the library instruction program to incorporate reduction and still meet the students' educational needs, staff attitudes, and program evaluation and changes. (LRW)

Turner, Diane J.; Grotzky, Marilyn E.

1995-01-01

223

Individual Progress Monitoring to Enhance Instructional Programs in Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four ways of using curriculum-based measurement (CBM) in instructional decision making and monitoring of mathematics operational skills are described. These are evaluating progress and determining modifications; targeting skills for instruction; judging the adequacy of end-of-year goals; and determining effectiveness of different interventions.…

Whinnery, Keith W.; Stecker, Pamela M.

1992-01-01

224

Reflective Teaching, Effective Learning: Instructional Literacy for Library Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether or not "instruction" appears in their job titles, librarians are often in the position of educating their users, colleagues, and peers to successfully locate and evaluate information. Because MLIS education tends to offer less-than-comprehensive preparation in pedagogy and instructional design, this much-needed book tackles the challenge…

Booth, Char

2011-01-01

225

Developing Career Education; 7-12 Instructional Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide presents instructional units aimed at developing career education for grades 7-12. Each unit provides detailed objectives, activities, resources, and evaluation methods; several units also include related activities, instructional materials, and worksheets. Topics (arranged by grade in the guide) include: plot development; art; building…

Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln. Div. of Vocational Education.

226

Inquiry-Based Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The term inquiry has been used to form curriculum goals, design instructional strategies, and assess learning. The term also describes what scientists do. Within the science classroom, inquiry is used to promote activity-oriented learning that reflects scientific investigation--specifically the observation, experimentation, and reasoning used by scientists. Understanding the roles between content and process in school science helps educators better understand and practice inquiry-based instruction. This article discusses the differences between four aspects of instruction: content; content with process; process with content; and process.

Adams, April D.; Chiappetta, Eugene L.

2004-02-01

227

Pingus Penguins: Writing Good Instructions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use the free computer game Pingus to learn how engineers, specifically environmental engineers, use their technical writing skills to give instructions and follow the instructions of others. Students learn to write instructions to express their ideas in clear, organized ways using descriptive, un-ambiguous sentences, as an example of one type of technical writing that important for engineers. The students write instructions enumerating how to beat a game level, which represents surveying that level for environmental problems. As a test of their instructions, students review each others' instructions and offer suggestions for improvement, and then revise their instructions to make them better. Students also see some examples of environmental problems.

GK-12 INSIGHT Program,

228

Getting to the point: attempting to improve juror comprehension of capital penalty phase instructions.  

PubMed

This research examined the effects of several versions of capital penalty phase instructions on juror comprehension. Study One documented the impact of California's recently implemented "plain language" instruction. It showed that although the new instruction has clear advantages over the previous version, significant comprehension problems remain. Study Two evaluated several modified instructions designed to enhance comprehension. Participants heard either a standard patterned instruction or one of two alternatives-a psycholinguistically improved instruction, or a "pinpoint" instruction using case-related facts to illustrate key terms-in a simulated death penalty sentencing phase. Persons who heard modified instructions demonstrated higher levels of comprehension on virtually every measure as compared to those in the standard instruction condition. PMID:20936335

Smith, Amy E; Haney, Craig

2011-10-01

229

PIO Instructions and Tools  

Cancer.gov

PIO Instructions and Tools View All  |  Tab View Consortia 2012 Consortia 2003 NCORP Grants Protocol Development Task Order Technical Proposal Submission Form (doc, 34kb) DCP Consortia Protocol Submission Worksheet (doc, 67kb) DCP Consortia

230

EPIE Instructional Materials Selection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the instructional medium of 8mm film and the incompatibility problem: standard 8 versus super 8, silent versus sound, cartridge versus reel-to-reel, optical sound versus magnetic sound, and the silent 8mm film loop. (AN)

NASSP Bulletin, 1972

1972-01-01

231

Instruction Manual MEMORY TELEPHONE  

E-print Network

instructions marked on the product. 3. Unplug this product from the wall outlet before cleaning. Use a damp *Desk/Wall Mountable * Tone/Pulse Switchable Dialing * FLASH * HOLD * Message Waiting Light * Last

232

Faculty Perception of Improvements to Instructional Practices in Response to Student Ratings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enhancing quality of instruction can be defined as the main purpose of instructional evaluation procedures in universities. Many universities collect and analyze feedback information from student ratings for the purpose of instructional improvement. Nevertheless, concrete research evidence is still needed to explore whether this purpose has been…

Safavi, Seyedeh Azadeh; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Tarmizi, Rohani Ahmad; Alwi, Nor Hayati

2013-01-01

233

Electronic Assembly Self-Instructional Training System for the Deaf: Documentary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported are the origins, development, and preliminary evaluation of a self-instructional training system to prepare deaf high school students for entry-level electronic assembly jobs in industry. Description of the training system focuses on the following topics: the instructional concept on which the system is based; the method of instruction

Persselin, Leo E.

234

A Comparative Analysis of Number Sense Instruction in Reform-Based and Traditional Mathematics Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared number sense instruction in three first-grade traditional mathematics textbooks and one reform-based textbook ("Everyday Mathematics" [EM]). Textbooks were evaluated with regard to their adherence to principles of effective instruction (e.g., big ideas, conspicuous instruction). The results indicated that traditional textbooks…

Sood, Sheetal; Jitendra, Asha K.

2007-01-01

235

Competency-based instruction in critical invasive skills improves both resident performance and patient safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Correct performance of invasive skills is essential, but residents often undertake such procedures after no or minimal instruction. Methods: We instructed eight postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residents in the cadaver laboratory using a competency-based approach (CBI). Each resident had been evaluated before the laboratory during patient encounters. Group instruction in endotracheal tube insertion (ET), venous cutdown (VC), and chest

Marcel Martin; Bhupesh Vashisht; Eldo Frezza; Terri Ferone; Barbara Lopez; Murlidhar Pahuja; Richard K. Spence

1998-01-01

236

Teacher vs. Student Selection of Instructional Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study explored the effects of student selection versus teacher selection of instructional activities on the activities selected and reasons given by teachers and 42 elementary resource room students for selecting particular activities. Ss' progress was monitored by a curriculum-based repeated measurement data collection and evaluation system…

Wesson, Caren

237

Evidence-Based Mathematics Instruction Innovation Configuration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This innovation configuration offers a set of quantifiable indicators of instructional excellence in mathematics. These indicators are related to improved achievement in mathematics and can be used to improve teacher competencies. The innovation configuration is offered as a means of evaluating and aligning teacher preparation and professional…

McGraner, Kristin L.; VanDerHeyden, Amanda; Holdheide, Lynn

2011-01-01

238

Design and Implementation of Instructional Computer Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an input-process-output (IPO) model that can facilitate the design and implementation of instructional micro and minicomputer systems in school districts. A national survey of school districts with outstanding computer systems is described, a systems approach to develop the model is explained, and evaluation of the system is discussed.…

Graczyk, Sandra L.

1989-01-01

239

Health Instruction Packages: Pregnancy and Childbirth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Text, illustrations, and reinforcement exercises are utilized in these nine learning modules to instruct nurses and expectant mothers in topics related to pre-natal care, labor, and post-partum readjustment. The first module, "Pre-Natal Evaluation" by Betty Ostrander, teaches the nurse to diagnose toxemia of pregnancy. The second module,…

Ostrander, Betty; And Others

240

Virtual Teaching: Library Instruction via the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines strategies academic librarians can incorporate to develop effective Web-based tools for library instruction. Topics include Web page design; content; technical and copyright issues; usability and evaluation; site maintenance; Web coding tools; and examples from the University at Albany and the Texas Information Literacy Tutorial (TILT) at…

Germain, Carol Anne; Bobish, Gregory

2002-01-01

241

Peer Instruction at Japanese High School Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on our attempt to introduce the peer instruction (PI) into a Japanese high-school physics course. To evaluate the effectiveness of PI in the course, we define the PI-efficiency (PIE). It is shown that PIE is useful to find out students' reasoning difficulties as well as effective usages of PI.

Takahashi, H.; Nitta, H.

2010-07-01

242

Explaining the Efficiency of Computer Assisted Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports research on computer assisted instruction (CAI) which has attempted to understand why CAI often accomplishes learning goals in less time and describes the "Beginning Teacher Evaluation Study" which investigated the way students use their time, actual time-on-task, and quality of student involvement with subject content. (EAO)

Bright, George W.

1983-01-01

243

Necessary Ingredients for Successful Instructional Improvement Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents five key ingredients for successful instructional improvement initiatives in districtwide programs (leadership density, knowledge of the literature, sense of priorities and realistic perspective on available energies and resources, development of a framework for teaching, and a teacher evaluation system complementary to the improvement of…

McGreal, Thomas L.

1989-01-01

244

Instructional Components of Mediational Dynamic Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The instructional components of mediation, a teaching technique used in dynamic assessment, were evaluated with 100 four-year-old children attending daycare or preschools in London, Ontario. The effects of familiarization with task materials, task-specific rule teaching, and elaborated feedback were assessed using a pretest-posttest design.…

Symons, Sonya E.; Vye, Nancy J.

245

Examining First Grade Teachers' Handwriting Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the first grade teachers' practices of handwriting instructions in terms of teaching, evaluation and handwriting difficulties. From qualitative research patterns, phenomenology was used. The study was applied to the 54 First grade teachers who work at central Burdur and Burdur county centre primary education…

Arslan, Derya

2012-01-01

246

Additional Comments on Multiple-Baseline Designs in Instructional Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of measurement and design issues that are critical to the use of multiple baseline procedures in evaluating instructional interventions with mentally retarded persons are highlighted. (For related information, see EC 122 157.) (Author/CL)

Strain, Phillip S.; Shores, Richard E.

1979-01-01

247

Modeling Instruction in High School Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This study develops an instructional strategy based on the Atkin - Karplus learning cycle and the Hestenes theory of modeling instruction in physics. It utilizes a laboratory activity-centered program as the mechanism for model development and the Halloun-Hestenes taxonomy of misconceptions in mechanics to guide the development of the factual knowledge. A detailed application of this method of instruction is illustrated with a series of activities to develop and deploy kinematical models of constant acceleration. The effectiveness of this instructional method was evaluated by diagnostic pretests and posttests in mechanics, comparing three high school classes of honors physics students taught by different methods. The didactic method of instruction was found to be the least effective, with a pretest-posttest gain of 4.7 (13%); the inquiry method was next, with a gain of 7.9 (22%); while the structured inquiry method was shown to be the most effective, achieving a gain of 12.4 (34%) on a 36-point test.

Wells, Malcolm

2009-05-06

248

An Evaluation of Pronunciation Teaching Content of "English for Palestine 10" and Related Teachers' Competency Level in Light of Current Instructional Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate pronunciation teaching with regard to an EFL multi-skills textbook ("English for Palestine 10"). The evaluation was intended to identify the extent to which pronunciation teaching content incorporated in" English for Palestine 10," in addition to the related teachers' competency level match current…

Al-Najjar, Rana Abdel-Rahman

2012-01-01

249

Differentiating Mathematics Instruction (monograph)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 8-page monograph outlines the importance of differentiating math instruction and describes critical features of effective strategies. Providing learning tasks that are appropriate and within a studentâs "zone of proximal development" requires a teacher to 1) focus on the key concepts to be learned, 2) assess where the student is in the instructional trajectory, and 3) design both open and parallel tasks that allow the student to advance along that trajectory. The author uses various examples to illustrate this process. A list of references and related readings is provided.

2008-09-01

250

Instruct coders' manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A manual designed both as an instructional manual for beginning coders and as a reference manual for the coding language INSTRUCT, is presented. The manual includes the major programs necessary to implement the teaching system and lists the limitation of current implementation. A detailed description is given of how to code a lesson, what buttons to push, and what utility programs to use. Suggestions for debugging coded lessons and the error messages that may be received during assembly or while running the lesson are given.

Friend, J.

1971-01-01

251

Enhancing Instructional Design Efficiency: Methodologies Employed by Instructional Designers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional systems design (ISD) has been frequently criticised as taking too long to implement, calling for a reduction in cycle time--the time that elapses between project initiation and delivery. While instructional design research has historically focused on increasing "learner" efficiencies, the study of what instructional designers do to…

Roytek, Margaret A.

2010-01-01

252

Instructional Staff Performance Profiles and Related Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Kalamazoo school system has developed for its instructional staff a series of accountability schemes collectively referred to as the Instructional Staff Performance Profiles (ISPP). They presently include performance profiles for teachers, secondary instructional specialists, secondary academic specialists, elementary instructional

Kalamazoo Public Schools, MI.

253

Computer-Aided Laboratory Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This chapter introduces how computer-aided instruction may be used in the biology laboratory setting. Descriptions of programs, suggestions on how to find instructional software, and general guides and resources are included.

Catherine J. Schaap (University of Prince Edward Island; )

1989-06-06

254

Computer Managed Instruction: An Application  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the impact of computer managed instruction (CMI) on classroom instructional management. Views the Wisconsin Design for Reading Skill Development and Developing Mathematical Processes curricula within the CMI model developed at the Wisconsin Research and Development Center. (Author/WM)

Belt, Sidney L.; Skubal, Jacqueline

1974-01-01

255

A High-Stakes Assessment Approach to Applied Pharmacokinetics Instruction  

PubMed Central

Objectives To identify instructional and assessment problems leading to pharmacy students' failure to retain pharmacokinetics abilities into the experiential year and develop an instructional methodology and abilities-based assessment tool to address the problem. Methods Pharmacokinetic instructional methods were assessed and an abilities-based assessment tool was developed and utilized as a requirement for curricular progression. Both the instructional methodology and the assessment tool were evaluated using abilities-based outcomes and faculty surveys. Assessment Both instructional methods and assessment methods improved student pharmacokinetic skill performance in the direct patient-care environment. Conclusions Continual assessment, modification, and implementation of teaching methods and the adoption of a high-stakes abilities-based assessment impacted student learning in a problem-based, integrated course. PMID:19325962

Hester, E. Kelly; Duncan-Hewitt, Wendy; Villaume, William A.

2008-01-01

256

Instructional Guide for MSU Faculty  

E-print Network

Instructional Guide for University Faculty Edited by Liz Banset Original page design and assembly by DarciaInstructional Guide for MSU Faculty 3rd Revised Edition (2011) Published with the generous support State University Instructional Guide for MSU Faculty was developed with the goal of helping faculty

Dyer, Bill

257

Visual Instruction Tool Jeffrey Alexander  

E-print Network

Visual Instruction Tool By Jeffrey Alexander Drew Linderman Senior Thesis Advisors: Dr. K. R. Subramanian Dr. Thomas Cassen Dr. Asis Nasipuri December 2005 #12;Visual Instruction Tool The University this large boundary. #12;Visual Instruction Tool The University of North Carolina at Charlotte Department

Subramanian, Kalpathi R.

258

Phonics Instruction: Beyond the Debate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that the goal of phonics instruction is to help students develop the alphabetic principle. Explains how the words "explicit" and "systematic" are used in multiple ways in the context of phonics instruction. Suggests that educators should engage in serious discussions about how multiple approaches to phonics instruction help children develop…

Villaume, Susan Kidd; Brabham, Edna Greene

2003-01-01

259

The Measurement of Instructional Accomplishments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional System Technology in recent years has been characterized by an increase in individualized instruction and the modularization of the curriculum. In traditional systems the learners are forced to take blocks of instruction the size of entire courses and these are much too large. The courses can now be broken down into conceptual…

Fraley, Lawrence E.; Vargas, Ernest A.

260

The Age of Online Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of academic library instruction focuses on helping users learn online resources. Topics include science instruction; integrating short, subject-specific online instruction into the classroom; virtual tours; long-term approaches; integrating online modules into undergraduate courses; corporate librarians' efforts; and vendors' Web-based…

Tenopir, Carol

2002-01-01

261

Management Models and Instructional Productivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Management models for cost-effective technological instructional systems must overcome the barriers which the educational superstructure raises to oppose alternative modes of instruction. Under our labor-intensive system, instructional costs rise, but productivity doesn't; the system must either become less labor-intensive, through technology, or…

Heinich, Robert

262

FORMS AND INSTRUCTIONS FOR SUBMITTING  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION FORMS AND INSTRUCTIONS FOR SUBMITTING RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICE DATA Instructions for Energy Service Provider Forms 1.a through 1.c..... 23 Specific Instructions for Form 1.a (ESP and forms will be issued in early 2007, following a public workshop on January 16, 2007 and an Energy

263

Writing Annotation Instructions Janyce Wiebe  

E-print Network

Writing Annotation Instructions Janyce Wiebe Department of Computer Science and the Computing Strategies for Writing Annotation Instructions In two corpus annotation projects, we followed similar strategies for developing annotation instructions and obtained good inter­coder reliability results for both

Wiebe, Janyce M.

264

Criteria for Theories of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed to provide guidelines for those responsible for creating curricular or instructional systems and for those determining their use in schools. An introductory chapter, "The Concept of Theory of Instruction," describes uses of the term "theory" and the development of scientific theories. Chapter 2, "Instructional

Gordon, Ira J., Ed.; And Others

265

Individualized Instruction and Unipacs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individualized instruction is an educational program in which grade levels and time units are designed to permit the student to work at his own pace and level with the use of unipacs. The unipac, a "unique package," is a specially designed group of learning activities based on specific behavioral objectives chosen by the student. Unipacs consist…

Kohut, Sylvester, Jr.

266

Instructional Film Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is a compendium of instructional units designed to supplement and thereby increase the effectiveness of 39 16mm films related to Mexican American studies available on loan from the Mexican American Curriculum Office. Units and films deal with a variety of topics such as applying for a job; arts, crafts, and architecture of Mexico;…

Flores, Isabel; And Others

267

Specifying the Instructional Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual outlines a process for preparing individualized lesson plans in reading that are consistent across time, to assist in determining the effectiveness of various teaching methods for use with special education students. Part I discusses components of the plan: instructional procedures and target skill, time spent on each activity, the…

Wesson, Caren; And Others

268

Individualistic Instructional Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study proposes a new approach to the Instructional Design field. By the constructivism, education systems are moving from a massive structure to the more learner centered and more individualist structure. So far, ID field has adopted and digested the individualism notion partly. This paper proposes an individualistic approach to the…

Sahin, Mehmet Can

2007-01-01

269

Tennis: Group Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is a guide to group instruction of basic tennis. Chapter 1 discusses four premises. Chapter 2 illustrates basic strokes, including the forehand and backhand ground strokes, the forehand and backhand volleys, the lob and overhead smash, and the half-volley. Chapter 3 presents methods of teaching the strokes, some corrective techniques,…

United States Lawn Tennis Association, New York, NY.

270

Thermcoat Cement INSTRUCTION  

E-print Network

CO and COL Thermcoat Cement INSTRUCTION SHEET M0101/0801 OMEGA® Thermcoat CO and COL consists of a powder (CO) and a liquid (COL) which, upon proper mixing, will yield a strong, insoluble cement. It has, which means it generates heat. For this reason, the heat must be dissipated or the cement will set too

Kleinfeld, David

271

Theme: Laboratory Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of theme articles discuss setting up laboratory hydroponics units, the school farm at the Zuni Pueblo in New Mexico, laboratory experiences in natural resources management and urban horticulture, the development of teaching labs at Derry (PA) High School, management of instructional laboratories, and industry involvement in agricultural…

Bruening, Thomas H.; And Others

1992-01-01

272

Orwell's Instructive Errors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about George Orwell, his instructive errors, and the manner in which Orwell pierced worthless theory, faced facts and defended decency (with fluctuating success), and largely ignored the tradition of accumulated wisdom that has rendered him a timeless teacher--one whose inadvertent lessons, while infrequently…

Julian, Liam

2009-01-01

273

Computers in Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Texas is heavily involved with computers in instruction. The computation center, with a Control Data 6600 and 6400, has a great number of course programs and a high usage level. With the NSF a southwest regional computer network was established to share in these programs, and there are 23 institutions currently involved. It is…

Warlick, Charles H.

274

Instruction in Scaleup.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces some ideas on teaching scaleup in chemical engineering. Discusses the instructional modes and the general and specific topics. Provides two examples of an experiment with equipment and safety issues. Shows the list of actual individual and team projects in an appendix. (YP)

Kabel, Robert L.

1988-01-01

275

Student Instructions Population Dynamics  

E-print Network

the population dynamics of wolves and bunnies that live in a meadow together. Figure 1. The Meadow. Population: "the wolves" 75 1" x 1" pink paper squares: "the bunnies" Instructions Overview: This simulation manager. The wolves (gray squares) will be randomly dropped onto the meadow (large sheet) covered

Spakowitz, Andrew J.

276

GPN Instructional Television Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a cursory description of 22 new items available at the Great Plains National (GPN) Instructional Television Library--programs in history, geography, reading, language, and mathematics for elementary or secondary school students; course materials in accounting, management, and mathematics at college level; informative materials…

Schupbach, Paul H.

277

1975 Recorded Visual Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1975 catalog lists recorded visual materials available through the Great Plains National (GPN) Instructional Television Library in Lincoln, Nebraska. Series and materials descriptions are provided together with the following indexes: (1) elementary, by subject matter; (2) 4-H series; (3) elementary, by grade level; (4) junior high, secondary,…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Great Plains National Instructional Television Library.

278

Conservation. Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy developed as part of a descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas (see note). The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…

Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan

279

Wind Power. Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy developed as part of a descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas (see note). The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…

Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan

280

Differentiated Instruction for Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender based learning has become an acceptable facet of the differentiated classroom. The female learner has unique needs that can be addressed through differentiated instruction. There are distinct differences between men and women. These differences effect how females approach learning as well as how they retain information. "A fundamental…

Goebel, Kym

2010-01-01

281

Instructional Curriculum Mapping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional Curriculum Mapping (ICM) is a set of guidelines for diagramming the interrelationships among objectives from different domains of learning. Five major learning domains are identified: (1) intellectual skills; (2) cognitive strategies; (3) verbal information; (4) motor skills; and (5) attitudes. This paper examines the functional…

Wager, Walter

282

Department of Defense INSTRUCTION  

E-print Network

Department of Defense INSTRUCTION NUMBER 1400.25-V810 April 12, 2005 Administratively reissued regarding civilian personnel management within the Department of Defense. b. Volume. This Volume, the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense, the Defense Agencies, the DoD Field

283

Department of Defense INSTRUCTION  

E-print Network

Department of Defense INSTRUCTION NUMBER 2040.02 July 10, 2008 USD(P) SUBJECT: International Secretary of Defense for Policy (USD(P)) in Deputy Secretary of Defense Memorandum (Reference (b)). b-use and defense-related technology, articles, and services, by implementing relevant portions of section 1701 et

284

Peer Instruction Implementation Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Human Resources Research Organization (HumRRO) peer instruction model is presented, providing information for teachers on how to design and implement such a teaching system within Adult Basic Education (ABE) programs. The model presented requires that students meet specific performance criteria before they teach others, and that formats or…

Bialek, Hilton M.; And Others

285

Corpus Based Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corpus-based instruction, also referred to as corpus-based linguistics, is essentially the study of genre texts for the production of materials that fit a specific group of second language learners. For example, if a group of students is learning the language in order to read medical articles, a specific teaching program can be set up based on the…

Jabbhour, Georgette

286

Italienischunterricht (Italian Instruction).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Schulpraxis," a Swiss journal for language teaching, is devoted to Italian instruction in Switzerland. It includes: (1) an interpretation of the poem "Le morte chitarre" by Salvatore Quasimodo, conducted in a girls' school in German Switzerland, (2) a presentation of principles for an Italian textbook to be based on modern…

Moine, Virgile; And Others

1965-01-01

287

Individualized Instruction in Hebrew.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Hebrew program at the State University of New York at Albany uses a variety of instructional approaches tailored to individual learning styles. A major program component is the use of 108 half-hour videotaped lessons that include opportunities for student response, graphics, and skits demonstrating and eliciting appropriate usage. Many of the…

Grossberg, Daniel; DeBenedetti, Jana

288

Instructional Guidelines. Welding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the standards of the American Welding Society and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, this welding instructional guidelines manual presents a course of study in accordance with the current practices in industry. Intended for use in welding programs now practiced within the Federal Prison System, the phases of the program are…

Fordyce, H. L.; Doshier, Dale

289

Nuclear Energy. Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy (see note) developed as part of a descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas. The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…

Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan

290

Principals as Instructional Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At some level, principals always have been instructional leaders--but never before has their role been more prominent. First, the accountability movement--No Child Left Behind (NCLB) in particular--thrust principals into the spotlight on academic achievement. Then budget cuts peeled away capacity at both the district and school levels, thinning…

Finkel, Ed

2012-01-01

291

Connecting Instructional Technology Professional Development to Teacher and Student Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from an evaluation of an instructional-technology professional development (PD) program that uses many practices advocated by PD experts. In this multiphase evaluation, evaluators examined the program, determined whether variations in program implementation had an impact on teacher outcomes, and then looked at…

Martin, Wendy; Strother, Scott; Beglau, Monica; Bates, Lauren; Reitzes, Timothy; Culp, Katherine McMillan

2010-01-01

292

Building District Capacity for System-Wide Instructional Improvement in Stamford Public Schools. Working Paper. GE Foundation "Developing Futures"™ in Education Evaluation Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures"™ in Education program in Stamford Public Schools (SPS). The purpose was to closely analyze district capacity to support system-wide…

Fink, Ryan; Riggan, Matt

2013-01-01

293

Building District Capacity for System-Wide Instructional Improvement in Erie Public Schools. Working Paper. GE Foundation "Developing Futures"™ in Education Evaluation Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures" ™ in Education program in Erie Public Schools (EPS). As described in the CPRE proposal and research design, the purpose was to closely analyze…

Riggan, Matt; Fink, Ryan; Sam, Cecile; Darfler, Anne

2013-01-01

294

Building District Capacity for System-Wide Instructional Improvement in Jefferson County Public Schools. Working Paper. GE Foundation "Developing Futures"™ in Education Evaluation Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures"™ in Education program in Jefferson County Public Schools (JCPS). As described in the CPRE proposal and research design, the purpose was to…

Darfler, Anne; Riggan, Matt

2013-01-01

295

EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INSTRUCTION IN AGRICULTURAL MECHANICS FOR VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE STUDENTS IN ARKANSAS WHO ENTER NON-FARMING OCCUPATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A NEW PROGRAM, A STUDY WAS MADE TO DETERMINE -- (1) OCCUPATIONS ENTERED, (2) EFFECT OF NUMBER OF YEARS IN VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE ON OCCUPATIONAL CHOICE, (3) MECHANICAL SKILLS USEFUL IN THE OCCUPATION, (4) ADDITIONAL SKILLS NEEDED, AND (5) CHANGES NEEDED IN THE COURSE OF STUDY. THE SAMPLE INCLUDED 802 FORMER…

ROBERTS, ROY W.

296

The Impact of Instruction in the WWWDOT Framework on Students' Disposition and Ability to Evaluate Web Sites as Sources of Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much research has demonstrated that students are largely uncritical users of Web sites as sources of information. Research-tested frameworks are needed to increase elementary-age students' awareness of the need and ability to critically evaluate Web sites as sources of information. This study is a randomized field trial of such a framework called…

Zhang, Shenglan; Duke, Nell K.

2011-01-01

297

Watch, Discover, Think, and Act: Evaluation of Computer-Assisted Instruction To Improve Asthma Self-Management in Inner-City Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interactive multimedia computer game to enhance self-management skills and thereby improve asthma outcomes in inner city children with asthma was evaluated. Results find that the intervention was associated with fewer hospitalizations, better symptom scores, increased functional status, greater knowledge of asthma management, and better child…

Bartholomew, L. K.; Gold, R. S.; Parcel, G. S.; Czyzewski, D. I.; Sockrider, M. M.; Fernandez, M.; Shegog, R.; Swank, P.

2000-01-01

298

Building District Capacity for System-Wide Instructional Improvement in Cincinnati Public Schools. Working Paper. GE Foundation "Developing Futures"™ in Education Evaluation Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures"™ in Education program in Cincinnati Public Schools (CPS). The purpose was to closely analyze district capacity to support system-wide…

Sam, Cecile; Riggan, Matt

2013-01-01

299

Interactive radio instruction: developing instructional methods.  

PubMed

The USAID has, since 1972, funded the development of a new methodology for educational radio for young children through 3 projects: the Radio Mathematics PRoject of Nicaragua, the Radio Language Arts Project of Kenya, and the Radio Science PRoject of Papua New Guinea. These projects developed math programs for grades 1-4 and English as a second language for grades 1-3; programs to teach science in grades 4-6 are now being developed. Appropriate techniques were developed to engage young children actively in the learning process. Lessons are planned as a "conversation" between the children and the radio; scripts are written as 1/2 of a dialogue, with pauses carefully timed so that written as 12 of a dialogue, with pauses carefully timed so that students can contribute their 1/2. Teaching techniques used in all 3 projects include choral responses, simultaneous individual seatwork, and activities using simple materials such as pebbles and rulers. Certain techniques were specific to the subject being taught, or to the circumstances in which the lessons were to be used. Patterned oral drill was used frequently in the English lessons, including sound-cued drills. "Deferred" oral responses were used often in the math lessons. In this method, the children are instructed to solve a problem silently, not giving the answer aloud until requested, thus allowing time for even the slower children to participate. "One-child" questions were used in both English and science: the radio asks a question to be answered by a single child, who is selected on the spot by the classroom teacher. This allows for open-ended questions, but also requires constant supervision of the classroom teacher. Songs and games were used in all programs, and extensively for didactic purposes in the teaching of English. Instructions for science activities are often more complex than in other courses, particularly when the children are using science apparatus, especially when they work in pairs to share scarce equipment, a cost-saving device developed specifically for use in the science course. PMID:12283103

Friend, J

1989-01-01

300

Code inspection instructional validation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Shuttle Data Systems Branch (SDSB) of the Flight Data Systems Division (FDSD) at Johnson Space Center contracted with Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) to validate the effectiveness of an interactive video course on the code inspection process. The purpose of this project was to determine if this course could be effective for teaching NASA analysts the process of code inspection. In addition, NASA was interested in the effectiveness of this unique type of instruction (Digital Video Interactive), for providing training on software processes. This study found the Carnegie Mellon course, 'A Cure for the Common Code', effective for teaching the process of code inspection. In addition, analysts prefer learning with this method of instruction, or this method in combination with other methods. As is, the course is definitely better than no course at all; however, findings indicate changes are needed. Following are conclusions of this study. (1) The course is instructionally effective. (2) The simulation has a positive effect on student's confidence in his ability to apply new knowledge. (3) Analysts like the course and prefer this method of training, or this method in combination with current methods of training in code inspection, over the way training is currently being conducted. (4) Analysts responded favorably to information presented through scenarios incorporating full motion video. (5) Some course content needs to be changed. (6) Some content needs to be added to the course. SwRI believes this study indicates interactive video instruction combined with simulation is effective for teaching software processes. Based on the conclusions of this study, SwRI has outlined seven options for NASA to consider. SwRI recommends the option which involves creation of new source code and data files, but uses much of the existing content and design from the current course. Although this option involves a significant software development effort, SwRI believes this option will produce the most effective results.

Orr, Kay; Stancil, Shirley

1992-01-01

301

Machine Instruction Count Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Machine Instruction Count Program (MIC Program) was originally developed in 1978 to produce 'operator' and 'operand' counts of object programs written for the AN\\/UYK-7 military computer. In 1981, its capability was expanded so that it could apply to the AN\\/UYS-1 (or “Advanced Signal Processor”) military computer. The former machine, made by UNIVAC, hosts the IBM-developed software for the sonar

John E. Gaffney Jr.

1982-01-01

302

Instructions TDS 200-Series  

E-print Network

;#12;Instructions TDS 200-Series Extension Modules 071-0409-01 This manual supports TDS2CM firmware version 1.04 and above, and TDS2MM firmware version 1.00 and above when used with TDS 210 and TDS 220 firmware version 1.06 and above, or TDS 224 firmware all versions. Refer to Read Me First on page 1 for more information. #12

Kleinfeld, David

303

Universal Design of Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article lays out a set of principles to provide guidance in the design of academic environments, communications, and products that cater to students with disabilities such as blindness, low vision, hearing impairments, mobility impairments, learning disabilities, and health impairments. The field of universal design can provide a starting point for developing an inclusive model for instruction. One can apply this body of knowledge to create courses where lectures, discussions, visual aids, videotapes, printed materials, labs, and fieldwork are accessible to all students.

304

Tier 3 specialized writing instruction for students with dyslexia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two instructional experiments used randomized, controlled designs to evaluate the effectiveness of writing instruction for\\u000a students with carefully diagnosed dyslexia, which is both an oral reading and writing disorder, characterized by impaired\\u000a word decoding, reading, and spelling. In Study 1 (4th to 6th grade sample and 7th to 9th grade sample), students were randomly\\u000a assigned to orthographic or morphological spelling

Virginia W. Berninger; William D. Winn; Patricia Stock; Robert D. Abbott; Kate Eschen; Noelia Garcia; Marci Anderson-Youngstrom; Heather Murphy; Dan Lovitt; Pamala Trivedi; Janine Jones; Dagmar Amtmann; William Nagy

2008-01-01

305

Computer-assisted instructions for patients with bronchial asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

We produced computer-assisted instruction (CAI) software for bronchial asthma patients (asthma educational system with computer-assisted instruction; ASTCAI) to assist in self-management and avoid asthmatic attacks and death. ASTCAI is a question-and-answer program operating in a multimedia environment, and was evaluated from questionnaires which 33 patients were asked. Thirty-two patients could perform ASTCAI without any assistance. The responses of 31 patients

Katsuhiko Takabayashi; Mika Tomita; Shunsaku Tsumoto; Takahiro Suzuki; Shunji Yamazaki; Masayuki Honda; Yoichi Satomura; Itsuo Iwamoto; Yasushi Saito; Hisao Tomioka

1999-01-01

306

Reforming Secondary Science Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science education reform can seem a daunting task to high school science teachers. So, you might ask, why should I be bothered? The answer is that today's students simply do not have the skill sets necessary for life in our global economy. Reforming Secondary Science Instruction offers detailed advice for changing your methods of teaching so that students are prepared for life and work. Follow along as your fellow teachers learn about inquiry, implement change strategies, try out innovative instructional materials, build professional learning communities and partnerships, use data from student assessments, and address the needs of linguistically diverse learners. The underlying message, as one author puts it, is "science education reform will not occur by simply adding occasional new activities to your teaching repertoire. Reform requires thought, work, and persistence." Every chapter offers you the opportunity to assess your own teaching techniques and find room for improvement. Whether you are early in your career or a seasoned professional, Reforming Secondary Science Instruction will help you craft a workable plan for giving your students the tools they need to succeed beyond your classroom.

2009-02-15

307

Student Perceptions of University Physical Activity Instruction Courses Taught Utilizing Sport Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limited research exists on effective teaching methods in university physical activity instruction (PAI) program courses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate PAI courses taught utilizing a sport education curriculum and instructional model. The Individual Development and Educational Assessment (IDEA) teaching evaluation was administered to…

Mohr, Derek J.; Sibley, Benjamin A.; Townsend, J. Scott

2012-01-01

308

The Effect of Item Context on Students' Global Appraisals of College Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mandatory evaluation of classroom instruction in the University System of Georgia has posed the problem of whether item context on inventories used to obtain the evaluation (i.e. the content of other items on a questionnaire), and the type of inventory, influence students' global (over-all) appraisal of instruction. This problem, and the question…

Scott, Owen

309

Implementation and Effectiveness of a Feedback Feature in Underlining to Promote Reading Comprehension of e-Learning Instructional Materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this research, a system was developed to enable underlining by learners to promote reading comprehension of e-learning instructional materials, and an attempt was made to further promote such underlining activity by evaluating and providing feedback on the learner's underlining. E-learning instructional materials implementing this feature were created and used as auxiliary instructional materials in actual classes, and a group

Yoshihiro Fukunaga; Tsukasa Hirashima; Akira Takeuchi

2005-01-01

310

Phonemic Awareness Instruction Helps Children Learn To Read: Evidence from the National Reading Panel's Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the scientific evidence supporting claims about phonemic awareness (PA) instruction. Presents a quantitative meta-analysis evaluating the effects of PA instruction on learning to read and spell. Concludes that PA instruction was found to make a statistically significant contribution to reading acquisition. (SG)

Ehri, Linnea C.; Nunes, Simone R.; Willows, Dale M.; Schuster, Barbara Valeska; Yaghoub-Zadeh, Zohreh; Shanahan, Timothy

2001-01-01

311

Learning from programmed instruction: Examining implications for modern instructional technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports a theoretical examination of several parallels between contemporary instructional technology (as manifest\\u000a in one of its most current manifestations, online learning) and one of its direct predecessors, programmed instruction. We\\u000a place particular focus on the unterlying assumptions of the two movements. Our analysis suggests that four assumptions that\\u000a contributed to the historical demise of programmed instruction—(a) ontological

Jason K. McDonald; Stephen C. Yanchar; Russell T. Osguthorpe

2005-01-01

312

INSTRUCTION SET SUMMARY This chapter lists all the instructions in the Intel Architecture instruction set, divided into three  

E-print Network

the Intel Architecture instructions are given in Intel Architecture Software Developer's Manual, Volume 2 Architecture Software Developer's Manual, #12; 6­2 INSTRUCTION SET SUMMARY Volume 2). (This instruction is also­stamp counter) instruction. . RDMSR (read model­specific register) instruction. . WRMSR (write model

Reverbel, Francisco

313

Future development of instructional television  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of television in schools as an aid to instruction is proposed for individualized instruction, repetition for slow learners, acceleration for fast learners, and lectures from the best teachers for all students. A dedicated school district cable system, a 40 channel cable to each school and classroom, is considered. This innovation offers an opportunity for improving the quality and content of the school's instruction and for reducing the cost.

Barnett, H. J.; Denzau, A. T.; Dumolin, J. R.; Singh, J. P.

1971-01-01

314

Ruby Protein Stains Instruction Manual  

E-print Network

SYPRO® Ruby Protein Stains Instruction Manual SYPRO® Ruby protein gel stain Catalog Numbers 170 ......................................................................................7 2.2 Visualizing and Imaging a Blot .................................................9 PART 4

Lebendiker, Mario

315

Developing Knowledge and Skills for Aspiring Educational Leaders that Address Best Practices in Classroom Assessment and Instruction: An NCPEA Course Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an Instructional Module for a course entitled Assessment and Instruction for Educational Leaders addresses classroom assessment and the evaluation of instruction. The goal of this course is to help aspiring educational leaders to develop teacher observation and evaluation skills, better understand the construction of teacher generated…

Del Favero, Frank

2011-01-01

316

Smart Board Install Instructions -1 Smart Board Install Instructions  

E-print Network

Smart Board Install Instructions - 1 Smart Board Install Instructions In order to use the Smart boards the following steps must be completed: 1. Install the Smart board Drivers and possibly Smart Notebook software on your computer (see below). 2. Turn the SmartBoard on using the left hand button

Cantlon, Jessica F.

317

Cartobibliographic Instruction: Another Path in the Library Instruction Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the inclusion of cartobibliographic instruction as part of academic bibliographic instruction programs. Highlights include bibliographic access to cartographic sources; problems, including lack of full cataloging, special locations, and unusual displays of information; and cartographic sources in various disciplines, including the…

Hughes, Glenda Jo Fox; And Others

1995-01-01

318

The Instructional Network: Using Facebook to Enhance Undergraduate Mathematics Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Facebook is a website with over one billion users worldwide that is synonymous with social-networking. However, in this study, Facebook is used as an "instructional network". Two sections of an undergraduate calculus course were used to study the effects of participating in a Facebook group devoted solely to instruction. One section was…

Gregory, Peter; Gregory, Karen; Eddy, Erik

2014-01-01

319

Direct Instruction Revisited: A Key Model for Instructional Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rooted in behavioral theory, particularly the radical or selectivist behaviorism of B.F. Skinner (1953, 1954, 1966, 1968, 1974), the direct instruction (DI) approach to teaching is now well into its third decade of influencing curriculum, instruction, and research. It is also in its third decade of controversy. Our purpose is to present the DI…

Magliaro, Susan G.; Lockee, Barbara B.; Burton, John K.

2005-01-01

320

Effects of Instructional Events in Computer-Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty years ago, Robert Gagne published the first edition of his book The Conditions of Learning (1965) in which he proposed nine events of instruction that provide a sequence for organizing a lesson. These events remain the foundation of current instructional design practice (Reiser, 2002; Richey, 2000). They represent desirable conditions in an…

Martin, Florence; Klein, James; Sullivan, Howard

2004-01-01

321

Multilevel library instruction for emerging nursing roles.  

PubMed

As new nursing roles emerge that involve greater decision making than in the past, added responsibility for outcomes and cost control, and increased emphasis on primary care, the information-seeking skills needed by nurses change. A search of library and nursing literature indicates that there is little comprehensive library instruction covering all levels of nursing programs: undergraduate, returning registered nurses, and graduate students. The University of Florida is one of the few places that has such a multilevel, course-integrated curriculum in place for all entrants into the nursing program. Objectives have been developed for each stage of learning. The courses include instruction in the use of the online public access catalog, printed resources, and electronic databases. A library classroom equipped with the latest technology enables student interaction with electronic databases. This paper discusses the program and several methods used to evaluate it. PMID:8547913

Francis, B W; Fisher, C C

1995-10-01

322

Frequency of Arts Instruction for Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the extent and availability of dance, music, theater, and visual arts instruction for eighth graders. Shows the availability of music and visual arts instruction, and the relative lack of dance and theater instructional programs. (Author/SLD)

White, Sheida; Vanneman, Alan

1999-01-01

323

Saskatchewan Instructional Development and Research Unit (SIDRU)  

E-print Network

Saskatchewan Instructional Development and Research Unit (SIDRU) 25th ANNUAL REPORT 2009 2010 Saskatchewan Instructional Development & Research Unit Faculty of Education: SIDRU@uregina.ca #12; CONTENTS SASKATCHEWAN INSTRUCTIONAL DEVELOPMENT & RESEARCH UNIT

Argerami, Martin

324

Academic Service Quality and Instructional Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relationship between academic service quality and instructional quality in higher education. Found a high correlation between academic service and instructional quality, with academic service overlapping instructional quality in three dimensions: enthusiasm, organization, and rapport. (EV)

Greiner, Keith; Westbrook, Thomas S.

2002-01-01

325

17 CFR 257.1 - General instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false General instructions. 257.1 Section... § 257.1 General instructions. (a) Scope of regulations. The General Instructions and Schedule apply...regulatory agency, may direct that records which...

2011-04-01

326

The Economy of Explicit Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The risk posed by explicit instruction in composition is that the reduction of writing to stock moves and effective devices may diminish the writer's agency and guarantee reproduction of the teacher's. The advantage of explicit instruction is power: overt and recursive attention to selected strategies can help students imagine the public agency…

Kraemer, Don J.

2007-01-01

327

Science Instruction: An Endangered Species  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of the importance science plays in people's lives and society, it is perplexing to observe the minimal attention given to science instruction--especially in the elementary grades. Though some information presented here is not new, the authors' intent is to stimulate a dialogue about effective elementary science instruction by offering a…

Conderman, Greg; Woods, C. Sheldon

2008-01-01

328

Adaptive Instructional Planning Using Ontologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adaptive instructional planning or sequencing is recognized as one of the most interesting research questions in intelligent learning management systems. In this paper, we address the adaptive learning object sequencing problem in intelligent learning management systems proposing a concrete methodology based on the use of ontologies and learning object metadata. The result is a generic Instructional planner capable of serving

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson

2004-01-01

329

Benefits of Systematic Phonics Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Systematic-phonics instruction appears to be more effective than nonsystematic phonics instruction for teaching reading (Ehri, Nunes, Stahl, & Willows, 2001). In the present study, a systematic phonics approach was directly compared with a nonsystematic phonics approach for kindergarten children. Both approaches were delivered using computer…

de Graaff, Saskia; Bosman, Anna M. T.; Hasselman, Fred; Verhoeven, Ludo

2009-01-01

330

Instructional Design. [SITE 2001 Section].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the papers on instructional design from the SITE (Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education) 2001 conference. Topics covered include: an adaptive e-framework for teacher training; assessing the integration of technology into the curriculum; promoting instructional planning; learning and using World Wide Web page…

Boger, Stephanie, Ed.

331

American Reading Instruction. Special Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First published in 1934 and updated in 1965 and 1986, Nila Banton Smith's "American Reading Instruction" has provided insight and historical perspective to reading instruction in the United States beginning with the colonial era. This "Special Edition" addresses such areas as theories and practical applications; established and emerging leaders in…

Smith, Nila Banton

332

PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION AND LANGUAGE LEARNING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION, A TEACHING METHOD WHICH INCORPORATES (1) A DETAILED SPECIFICATION OF TERMINAL BEHAVIOR, (2) A CAREFUL SEQUENCING OF THE MATERIAL INTO GRADED STEPS, AND (3) THE REINFORCEMENT OF STUDENT RESPONSE, WORKS MORE FAVORABLY IN CERTAIN INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA THAN IN OTHERS. CARROLL AND SKINNER BELIEVE THAT SUCCESS IN PROGRAMED…

LUELSDORFF, PHILIP A.

333

Williams College Courses of Instruction  

E-print Network

Williams College Courses of Instruction 2013-2014 #12;1 COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 2013-2014 COURSE. THE CURRICULUM Williams College offers a course of study leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts. The course at the College, fulfilli

Aalberts, Daniel P.

334

Agricultural Education--Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation presents over 950 resumes of instructional materials in agricultural education, which have appeared quarterly in "Abstracts of Instructional Materials in Vocational and Technical Education" (AIM), Fall 1967 through Fall 1971. Resumes cover a broad range of fields and occupations, such as agribusiness, agronomy, animal and plant…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

335

Social Science Instructional Modules Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The five instructional packages in this collection were created by faculty members in the California State Universities to introduce students--and even faculty--to the easy steps involved in working with computers in instructional settings. Designed for students and faculty in entry-level courses who have little or no background in quantitative…

Nelson, Elizabeth; Nelson, Edward

336

PREPARING ARTICLES INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS  

E-print Network

PREPARING ARTICLES WITH LATEX INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS FOR PREPARING COMPUSCRIPTS ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBLISHERS B.V. #12;PREPARING ARTICLES WITH LATEX INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS FOR PREPARING COMPUSCRIPTS ELSEVIER Introduction 5 2 Preparing a compuscript 6 2.1 Title and author 6 2.2 Simple text 7 2.3 Sectional units 8 2

Oppenheim, Meers

337

Information & Communication Technology Emergency Instructions  

E-print Network

Information & Communication Technology Emergency Instructions In the event of an EMERGENCY dial 403-220-5333 for Campus Security or dial 9-1-1 for Police, Fire or Ambulance Additional emergency instructions is found the area for Campus Security or emergency services to arrive Evacuation Procedures Activate the NEAREST

de Leon, Alex R.

338

Planning Instruction for Adult Learners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide outlines a practical six-step procedure to plan education for adult learners. The first chapter outlines the instructional planning procedure, which integrates existing knowledge about how adults learn and the principles of designing instruction and examines the principles of adult learning. The next six chapters describe the following…

Cranton, Patricia

339

Enhancing Instruction through Software Infusion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presence of the computer in the classroom is no longer considered an oddity; it has become an ordinary resource for teachers to use for the enhancement of instruction. This paper presents an examination of software infusion, i.e., the use of computer software to enrich instruction in an academic curriculum. The process occurs when a chosen…

Sia, Archie P.

340

Learning Objects and Instructional Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reusable learning objects are an approach that is receiving a significant amount of attention in distance-based and online education (see Reports # 11, 40, and 46 in this series). They have the potential to provide cost-effective, personalised instruction with a short development time. Instructional design principles, however, must play an…

Harvey, Brian

2005-01-01

341

Making Bio-Diesel Instructions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These lab instructions provide teachers with the information needed to set up a lab session to make a diesel fuel alternative from a biologically-based oil. Extensive instructions are provided. The guide may be downloaded in PDF file format. Users must create a free login to access the presentation.

Brown, Matthew

2013-07-09

342

Psychological bases for instructional design  

Microsoft Academic Search

If it can be agreed that the science of psychology must supply the knowledge for the precepts of instruction, then it follows that the translation of scientific knowledge into practice requires technological development. However, at this point in time, an entity known as an educational technologist or an instructional designer hardly exists in our society. If such a person did

Robert Glaser

1966-01-01

343

Classical Language Instruction Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by Christian Wildberg at Princeton University, the Classical Language Instruction Project is designed to function as a resource for college undergraduates hoping to gain some insight into the pronunciation and elocution of ancient Greek and Latin. As the rationale for the Project states on the site: "There may be considerable debate among scholars about the most 'authentic' way to pronounce Greek or Latin; yet it is certain that the texts from the ancient world reflect a vivid and complex spoken language, not a lifeless code." With that in mind, the site features different classical scholars reading passages by a number of writers, including Homer, Plato, Virgil, Horace, Ovid, and Seneca. As the scholars read, students can follow along, view the passage in English, and pause the recording in order to develop an understanding of the text and its pronunciation. Finally, the site also includes a brief essay on rhythm and meter in Greek and Latin.

344

Veterinary Anatomy Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With one of the most well regarded veterinary schools in the United States, the University of Minnesota continues to break new ground in the training of new veterinarians on a regular basis. Of course, more and more of these training materials are finding their way to the web, and this site will be quite helpful to those persons with an interest in this particular field. Created by different faculty members, the materials here are categorized by the course they are most commonly associated with, such as gross anatomy or neurobiology. In the gross anatomy section, visitors will find materials that include a glossary of terms related to veterinary anatomy and dissections, animations that illustrate the major gaits of various quadrupeds, and the nervous system pathways of canines. The neurobiology section contains instructional materials that include information about brain dissection neuroanatomy and neurohistology.

345

Evaluation of the NJROTC Multimedia Instructional System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Navy Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps (NJROTC) provides high school students with academic training and military leadership experience. The academic portion of the program consists of a 4-year naval science curriculum that includes these subjects: naval history, sea power, maritime geography, navigation, citizenship, oceanography,…

Devin, Phillip D.; Robyn, Abby E.

346

Instructional Psychology and Models of School Learning: Implications for Effective Instruction of Handicapped Students. Monograph No. 2. Instructional Alternatives Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The monograph summarizes characteristics of effective instruction of mildly handicapped and non-handicapped students by focusing on two literature areas: Instructional Psychology and Models of School Learning. The review on instructional psychology covers the following areas: definitions of instruction, principles of learning, models of the…

Christenson, Sandra L.; And Others

347

Closing the loop on nursing library instruction: using student performance to improve outcomes.  

PubMed

Two librarians analyzed nursing students' performance on an information literacy assignment to determine how they could change their instruction to better assist the students in comprehending the material. After identifying major areas of difficulty, including the use of search techniques, they revised both the instruction and the assignment, closing the loop by utilizing their assessment data. Next, they analyzed those results to evaluate the effectiveness of their changes and to make further improvements, thus demonstrating the iterative nature of instruction and assessment. The evidence-based instruction cycle of teaching, assessing, and revising should be repeated frequently to keep the assignment fresh and relevant. PMID:25611446

Moreton, Elizabeth O; Conklin, Jamie L

2015-01-01

348

Death Penalty Decisions: Instruction Comprehension, Attitudes, and Decision Mediators  

PubMed Central

A primary goal of this research was to empirically evaluate a set of assumptions, advanced in the Supreme Court’s ruling in Buchanan v. Angelone (1998), about jury comprehension of death penalty instructions. Further, this research examined the use of evidence in capital punishment decision making by exploring underlying mediating factors upon which death penalty decisions may be based. Manipulated variables included the type of instructions and several variations of evidence. Study 1 was a paper and pencil study of 245 undergraduate mock jurors. The experimental design was an incomplete 4×2×2×2×2 factorial model resulting in 56 possible conditions. Manipulations included four different types of instructions, presence of a list of case-specific mitigators to accompany the instructions, and three variations in the case facts: age of the defendant, bad prior record, and defendant history of emotional abuse. Study 2 was a fully-crossed 2×2×2×2×2 experiment with four deliberating mock juries per cell. Manipulations included jury instructions (original or revised), presence of a list of case-specific mitigators, defendant history of emotional abuse, bad prior record, and heinousness of the crime. The sample of 735 jury-eligible participants included 130 individuals who identified themselves as students. Participants watched one of 32 stimulus videotapes based on a replication of a capital sentencing hearing. The present findings support previous research showing low comprehension of capital penalty instructions. Further, we found that higher instruction comprehension was associated with higher likelihood of issuing life sentence decisions. The importance of instruction comprehension is emphasized in a social cognitive model of jury decision making at the sentencing phase of capital cases. PMID:24072981

Patry, Marc W.; Penrod, Steven D.

2013-01-01

349

Death Penalty Decisions: Instruction Comprehension, Attitudes, and Decision Mediators.  

PubMed

A primary goal of this research was to empirically evaluate a set of assumptions, advanced in the Supreme Court's ruling in Buchanan v. Angelone (1998), about jury comprehension of death penalty instructions. Further, this research examined the use of evidence in capital punishment decision making by exploring underlying mediating factors upon which death penalty decisions may be based. Manipulated variables included the type of instructions and several variations of evidence. Study 1 was a paper and pencil study of 245 undergraduate mock jurors. The experimental design was an incomplete 4×2×2×2×2 factorial model resulting in 56 possible conditions. Manipulations included four different types of instructions, presence of a list of case-specific mitigators to accompany the instructions, and three variations in the case facts: age of the defendant, bad prior record, and defendant history of emotional abuse. Study 2 was a fully-crossed 2×2×2×2×2 experiment with four deliberating mock juries per cell. Manipulations included jury instructions (original or revised), presence of a list of case-specific mitigators, defendant history of emotional abuse, bad prior record, and heinousness of the crime. The sample of 735 jury-eligible participants included 130 individuals who identified themselves as students. Participants watched one of 32 stimulus videotapes based on a replication of a capital sentencing hearing. The present findings support previous research showing low comprehension of capital penalty instructions. Further, we found that higher instruction comprehension was associated with higher likelihood of issuing life sentence decisions. The importance of instruction comprehension is emphasized in a social cognitive model of jury decision making at the sentencing phase of capital cases. PMID:24072981

Patry, Marc W; Penrod, Steven D

2013-01-01

350

A Critical Review of Randall Ryder's Report of Direct Instruction Reading in Two Wisconsin School Districts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent report by Dr. Randall Ryder evaluated the use of Direct Instruction (DI) reading programs in 2 school districts in Wisconsin. In the report, Ryder claimed that students in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grade who received Direct Instruction scored significantly lower on several standardized tests of reading than students who received more traditional…

Adams, Gary L.; Slocum, Timothy A.

2004-01-01

351

Assigning Student Leaders: Decreasing Interruptions during Teacher-Led Small-Group Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors used a withdrawal design to evaluate an intervention designed to decrease interruptions during small-group instruction in a Kindergarten class. A new rule was put into place; during teacher-led small-group instruction, those not in the small group were required to address questions to designated student leaders, as opposed to…

Coles, Jeremy T.; Skinner, Christopher H.; Best, Tiffany L.; Wood, Allison; Luna, Elisa; Adcock, Wes

2013-01-01

352

An Analysis of Stimuli that Influence Compliance during the High-Probability Instruction Sequence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When we evaluated variables that influence the effectiveness of the high-probability (high-p) instruction sequence, the sequence was associated with a precipitous decrease in compliance with high-"p" instructions for 1 participant, thereby precluding continued use of the sequence. We investigated the reasons for this decrease. Stimuli associated…

Normand, Matthew P.; Kestner, Kathryn; Jessel, Joshua

2010-01-01

353

Small Group Instruction for Students with Autism: General Case Training and Observational Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multiple-probe design across response chains and students was used to evaluate the combined instructional effects of progressive time delay, general case training, and observational learning on the food and drink preparation skills of three children with autism. All instruction was delivered in a group learning arrangement. The data suggested…

Tekin-Iftar, Elif; Birkan, Bunyamin

2010-01-01

354

Teacher and Student Beliefs on Constructivist Instructional Design: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this research is to evaluate the effects of a constructivist instructional design on a group of students and their teacher. The sample consisted of 26 students and one teacher. The research was conducted at Istanbul Technical University, School of Foreign Languages, English Preparatory Program. The instructional design based on…

Altun, Sertel; Buyukduman, F. Ilke

2007-01-01

355

The Effects of Verbal Instruction and Shaping to Improve Tackling by High School Football Players  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated verbal instruction and shaping using TAG (teaching with acoustical guidance) to improve tackling by 3 high school football players. Verbal instruction and shaping improved tackling for all 3 participants. In addition, performance was maintained as participants moved more quickly through the tackling procedure.

Harrison, Antonio M.; Pyles, David A.

2013-01-01

356

Training Instructional Skills with Paraprofessional Service Providers at a Community-Based Habilitation Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study evaluates a training program with paraprofessional service providers at a community-based habilitation setting. Four staff were taught to implement alternative and augmentative communication instruction with an adult who had autism and mental retardation through a combination of instruction, demonstration, behavior rehearsal, and…

Wood, Amanda L.; Luiselli, James K.; Harchik, Alan E.

2007-01-01

357

Corrective Reading, Corrective Mathematics and Bilingual Instruction of Pregnant School Age Girls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an evaluation of a program designed to provide continuity of instruction in reading and mathematics for pregnant school age girls in New York City. The program was designed to provide instruction for monolingual and bilingual (English-Spanish) students. Selected students were two or more years retarded in reading and/or mathematics.…

Strum, Irene

358

SuperVision and Instructional Leadership: A Developmental Approach. Sixth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sixth edition of this book continues with its original perspective on instructional leadership. As in earlier editions, it brings perspectives of change, classroom practice, instructional leadership, adult development, staff development, evaluation, and political and social theory into the everyday life of schools. It is designed as a…

Glickman, Carl D.; Gordon, Stephen P.; Ross-Gordon, Jovita M.

359

Initiating Differentiated Instruction in General Education Classrooms with Inclusion Learning Support Students: A Multiple Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this multiple case study was to describe and evaluate the experience of 5 general education teachers from a northeastern urban middle school as they integrated differentiated instruction with students who have specific learning disabilities. Educators are challenged to implement instruction that engages students with specific…

Berbaum, K. A.

2009-01-01

360

A Study of the Instructional Effectiveness of the SIGNATURES Program. SIGNATURES Technical Report #1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot study was conducted to evaluate the instructional effectiveness of the SIGNATURES program (Harcourt Brace), an elementary reading program that aimed to reflect the best thinking about reading instruction. In developing the program, the publishers reviewed current curriculum guides and content standards for most states and from professional…

Indiana Univ., Bloomington. Center for Innovation in Assessment.

361

Emergent Intraverbal Responses VIA Tact and Match-to-Sample Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present investigation evaluated the effectiveness of category tact and match-to-sample instruction in facilitating the emergence of intraverbal responses (i.e., naming several items belonging to a specific category) for 2 children with autism. Results demonstrated the emergence of untaught responses, suggesting an effective instructional

Grannan, Leigh; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne

2012-01-01

362

In-Depth Analysis of Handwriting Curriculum and Instruction in Four Kindergarten Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of handwriting curriculum and instructional practices in actual classrooms was investigated in an in-depth case study of four inner city kindergarten classrooms using quantitative and qualitative methods. The handwriting proficiency of students was also evaluated to assess the impact of the instructional practices observed. The…

Vander Hart, Nanho; Fitzpatrick, Paula; Cortesa, Cathryn

2010-01-01

363

The Landlord's and Tenant's Guide. Teachers Instructional Packet, TIP No. 10, Spring 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series of classroom aids designed for real estate instructors, this instructional packet was designed to give real estate students a balanced view of the landlord-tenant relationship in Texas. Following an evaluation form for the instructional packet, a summary presentation explores the topic, explains the rules that govern and the…

Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Real Estate Research Center.

364

Computer Assisted Instruction in Compensatory Education and Chapter 1: A Fact or a Fad?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of computer assisted instruction (CAI) as an instructional technique; describes studies on CAI effectiveness in compensatory education; discusses elements that need to be addressed to create a positive relationship between CAI, compensatory education, and achievement gains; and reviews evaluation designs appropriate in…

Ekey, Doyle

1985-01-01

365

Designing Coherent Science Education: Implications for Curriculum, Instruction, and Policy. Technology, Education--Connections (TEC) Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This edited collection synthesizes current research on the most promising methods and models for designing coherent science instruction. Arising from the National Science Foundation-funded Delineating and Evaluating Coherent Instructional Designs for Education (DECIDE) project, this volume combines the insights of researchers from two Centers for…

Kali, Yael, Ed.; Linn, Marcia, Ed.; Roseman, Jo Ellen, Ed.

2008-01-01

366

Triadic instruction of chained food preparation responses: acquisition and observational learning.  

PubMed

This research examined whether constant time delay would be effective in teaching students with moderate mental retardation in triads to perform chained tasks and whether observational learning would occur. Three chained snack preparation tasks were identified, and each student was directly taught one task. The other 2 students observed the instruction. The instructed student told the observers to watch and to turn pages of a pictorial recipe book. The teacher provided frequent praise to the instructed student based on performance and to the observers for watching the instruction and turning pages. A multiple probe design across students and tasks was used to evaluate the instruction. The results indicated that each student learned the skill he or she was taught directly, and the observers learned nearly all of the steps of the chains they observed. The implications for classroom instruction and future research in observational learning are discussed. PMID:1533856

Griffen, A K; Wolery, M; Schuster, J W

1992-01-01

367

Direct instruction revisited: A key model for instructional technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rooted in behavioral theory, particularly the radical or selectivist behaviorism of B.F. Skinner (1953, 1954, 1966, 1968,\\u000a 1974), the direct instruction (DI) approach to teaching is now well into its third decade of influencing curriculum, instruction,\\u000a and research. It is also in its third decade of controversy. Our purpose is to present the DI model with the notion that the

Susan G. Magliaro; Barbara B. Lockee; John K. Burton

2005-01-01

368

An Experimental Project to Develop Evaluation Criteria for Competency-Based Instruction through Video Recording and Micro-Teaching Techniques Within the Student Teaching Experience in Business Education with Special Emphasis in Typewriting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The necessity for program modification to meet existing local needs and the current thrust toward competency-based instruction led to this curriculum development project. The intent of the project was to determine the feasibility of incorporating educational innovations within the Business Education Student Teaching Program in order to begin to…

Meiss, Jack L.

369

Literature-Based Instruction: Reshaping the Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Making a case for the value of literature-based instruction, this book presents an overview of the extensive knowledge base supporting literature-based approaches to literacy instruction. It notes that literature-based instruction goes beyond simply changing the kinds of texts children read--also required in literature-based instruction are an…

Raphael, Taffy E., Ed.; Au, Kathryn H., Ed.

370

Assessing instructional outcomes in Canadian academic libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This article reports on a three-year study of information literacy instruction in Canadian academic libraries, focusing on the outcomes of instruction in terms of tests of information literacy skills and interviews with students that explored their experiences of information literacy instruction. Particular emphasis is given to investigating instructional effectiveness and assessing learning outcomes,with respect to identifying those institutional and

Heidi Julien; Stuart Boon

2004-01-01

371

Colleague to Colleague: Deepening Instructional Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collaborative dialogue about instructional practices is essential to the growth of the education profession. To determine what effective instruction is and how to improve their own instructional practice, educators must clarify and publicly state their beliefs about instruction, teaching, and leadership. This is messy and complex work, and to…

Gullen, Kristine; Chaffee, Martin

2012-01-01

372

The instructional organization for integrating diverse expertise  

Microsoft Academic Search

Responsibility for instruction should pass from academic content experts to experts in the technology of instruction. This implies substantial changes in organizational structure, especially in higher education. The instructional process is very complex, requiring organizational arrangements permitting growth by the accretion of diverse expertise. Traditional education has assumed that the essence of instruction is in its content. Though important, content

Lawrence E. Fraley; Ernest A. Vargas

1975-01-01

373

A Task-Centered Instructional Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a review of instructional design models, previous papers identified first principles of instruction. These principles prescribe a cycle of instruction consisting of activation, demonstration, application, and integration. These instructional phases are best implemented in the context of real-world tasks. A Pebble-in-the-Pond approach to…

Merrill, M. David

2007-01-01

374

Instructional Technology Must Contribute to Productivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Those involved in instructional technology in higher education are urged to view instructional technology as a means of improving academic productivity. Instructional technology has been used for over forty years to analyze instructional problems and design solutions that reduce costs and improve learning outcomes. The Pew Program in Course…

Molenda, Michael

2009-01-01

375

The "Silver Cup" of Differentiated Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In inclusive classrooms, all students can learn more effectively if teachers adjust instruction for individual learning styles and needs. This paper describes: reasons to use differentiated instruction; the principles of differentiated instruction (based on the theory of multiple intelligences); instructional strategies (e.g., acceleration,…

Kapusnick, Regina A.; Hauslein, Christine M.

2001-01-01

376

Conducting Literature Searches for Instructional Development Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes three types of literature searches conducted as part of instructional design process: instructional materials, content research, and instructional theory reviews. Search techniques to complete each type of literature search are reviewed: card catalog, online, materials indexes, and grapevine searches. An example of an instructional

Osguthorpe, Russell T.

1985-01-01

377

Designing and Creating Computer-Assisted Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to encourage the use of a defined methodology and careful planning in creating computer-assisted instructional programs, this paper describes the instructional design process, compares computer-assisted instruction (CAI) and programmed instruction (PI), and discusses pragmatic concerns in computer programming. Topics addressed include:…

McMeen, George R.

378

An Annotated Bibliography for Instructional Systems Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography lists instructional development resources relevant to the Interservice Procedures for Instructional Systems Development Model (ISD), a standardized model providing for the assessment of training needs; the design, development, and implementation of instruction; and the assessment of instructional quality. Following a…

Berkowitz, Melissa; O'Neil, Harold F., Jr.

379

Optimal Structures for Multimedia Instruction. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 2-year study, which took a multidisciplinary approach to the problem of discovering principles for designing effective multimedia instruction, focused on the effects on instructional effectiveness of the discourse structure of instructional materials and the coordination of multiple instructional media. The task domain was a logic box said to…

Goguen, Joseph; And Others

380

Instructional Web Site Design 1 running head: INSTRUCTIONAL WEB SITE DESIGN  

E-print Network

Instructional Web Site Design 1 running head: INSTRUCTIONAL WEB SITE DESIGN Instructional Web Site;Instructional Web Site Design 2 Abstract The purpose of this review is to summarize the present literature relevant to web-based- instructional site design, with the goal of delineating general principles

Missouri-Rolla, University of

381

All PIO Instructions and Tools  

Cancer.gov

PIO Instructions and Tools View All  |  Tab View Consortia 2012 Protocol Development Task Order Technical Proposal Submission Form (doc, 35kb) DCP Consortia Protocol Submission Worksheet (doc, 67kb) DCP Consortia Protocol Template (doc, 376kb)

382

INSTRUCTION MANUAL MODEL AA-2010  

E-print Network

INSTRUCTION MANUAL . MODEL AA-2010 MODEL AA-2015 MODEL AA-2020 MODEL AA-2025 SINGLE CHANNEL NUCLEAR spectroscopy lies in the wide ranging versatility of the technique. From a sub-visual microsecond light flash

Bayindir, Mehmet

383

Zoology by Self-Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A historical account is given of how a conventional university first-year undergraduate course in zoology has been replaced by a self-instructional one. Advantages and problems are weighed, and successful student achievement and interest are described. (LBH)

Roach, Keith; Hammond, Roger

1976-01-01

384

INSTRUCTION MANUAL USER SYSTEM GUIDE  

E-print Network

INFRARED SPECTROPHOTOMETER 206-94965E Read this instruction manual thoroughly before operation. Store transform infrared spectrophotometer, is used for qualitative and quantitative analysis. Strictly observe. Product name Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometer Model name IRPrestige-21 Manufacturer SHIMADZU

Rubloff, Gary W.

385

INSTRUCTION MANUAL OPTICAL FILTER CHANGER  

E-print Network

INSTRUCTION MANUAL LAMBDA 10 OPTICAL FILTER CHANGER SUTTER INSTRUMENT COMPANY #12;SECTION I SECTION for granted' material that is no doubt missing at this writing. In large part, those future editions

Kleinfeld, David

386

TRUPACT-II Operating and Maintenance Instructions  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to provide the technical requirements for preparation for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of a Transuranic Package Transporter Model II (TRUPACT-II) Shipping Package and directly related components. This document complies with the minimum requirements as specified in the TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificate of Compliance (C of C) 9218. In the event there is a conflict between this document and the TRUPACT-II SARP, the TRUPACT-II SARP shall govern. TRUPACT-II C of C number 9218 states, ''... each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application.'' It further states, ''... each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the application.'' Chapter 9 of the TRUPACT-II SARP charges the Westinghouse Electric Corporation Waste Isolation Division (WID) with assuring that the TRUPACT-II is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. To meet this requirement and verify consistency of operations when loading and unloading the TRUPACT-II on the trailer, placing a payload in the packaging, unloading the payload from the packaging, or performing maintenance, the U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Area Office (U.S. DOE/CAO) finds it necessary to implement the changes that follow. This TRUPACT-II maintenance document represents a change to previous philosophy regarding site specific procedures for the use of the TRUPACT-II. This document details the instructions to be followed to consistently operate and maintain the TRUPACT-II. The intent of these instructions is to ensure that all users of the TRUPACT-II follow the same or equivalent instructions. Users may achieve this intent by any of the following methods: (1) Utilizing these instructions as is, or (2) Attaching a site-specific cover page/letter to this document stating that these are the instructions to be used at their location, or (3) Sites may prepare their own document using the steps in this document word-for-word, in-sequence, including Notes and Cautions. Site specific information may be included as deemed necessary. Submit the document to WID National TRU Programs for approval. Any revision made subsequent to WID TRU Program's approval shall be reviewed and approved by WID TRU Programs. A copy of the approval letter from WID National TRU Programs should be available for audit purposes. Users shall develop site-specific procedures addressing leak testing, preoperational activities, quality assurance, hoisting and rigging, and radiation health physics to be used in conjunction with the instructions contained in this document. Users desiring to recommend changes to this document may submit their recommendations to the WID National TRU Programs for evaluation. If approved, the change(s) will be incorporated into this document for use by all TRUPACT-II users. User sites will be audited to this document to ensure compliance within one year from the effective date of this revision. This document discusses operating instructions, required inspections and maintenance for the following: TRUPACT-II packaging, and Miscellaneous packaging, special tools, and equipment. Packaging and payload handling equipment and transport trailers have been specifically designed for use with the TRUPACT-II Packaging. This document discusses the required instructions for use of the following equipment in conjunction with the TRUPACT-II Packaging: TRUPACT-II Mobile Loading Unit (MLU), Adjustable Center-of-Gravity Lift Fixture (ACGLF), and TRUPACT-II Transport Trailer. Attachment E contains the various TRUPACT-II packaging interface control drawings, leak-test and vent-port tool drawings, ACGLF drawings, and tie-down drawings that identify the various system components.

Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division

1999-12-31

387

Mathematics Achievement in Schools Having and Not Having CMI: An Assessment of MICA. E.S.E.A. Title III Computer Managed Instruction Program, MICA Management of Instruction with Computer Assistance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After presenting a brief discussion of the history and use of Computer Managed Instruction (CMI), the author describes the development and evaluation of a CMI system in the Madison Metropolitan School District (Wisconsin). Variables considered in the evaluation included efficiency of the software components, quality of instruction, and changes and…

Roecks, Alan L.; Chapin, John

388

Peer Instruction: Making Science Engaging  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peer Instruction (PI) is an interactive approach that was designed to improve the learning process. This approach provides students with greater opportunity for synthesizing the concepts while instructors get timely feedback that can help focus the instruction on the points that are the most difficult for the students. PI is flexible and easy to use on its own or in conjunction with other teaching methods. This chapter discusses the motivation for using PI and the mechanics of implementing it in the classroom.

Eric Mazur

2006-01-01

389

Instruction Set Nomenclature Status Register (SREG)  

E-print Network

(6-bit) 8-bit Instruction Set Rev. 0856I­AVR­07/10 #12;2 0856I­AVR­07/10 AVR Instruction Set I: Flag set by instruction -: Flag not affected by instruction #12;3 0856I­AVR­07/10 AVR Instruction Set The Program and Data Addressing Modes The AVR Enhanced RISC microcontroller supports powerful and efficient

Fritts, Jason

390

Highline Public Schools Computer-Assisted Instruction Project: A Program to Meet Disadvantaged Students' Individual Needs for Basic Skill Development: Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This description of a computer-assisted instruction project, which provides an alternative approach to individual instruction in basic skills for economically and educationally disadvantaged students at the secondary level, includes the results of evaluations conducted at the end of each of three school years. Instruction in priority…

Maser, Arthur L.; And Others

391

Construct Validation of the Behavior and Instructional Management Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beliefs related to classroom management vary among teachers and play an important role in classrooms. Despite the importance of this construct, valid measures have proven difficult to develop. This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Behavior and Instructional Management Scale (BIMS), a short but valid measure of teachers'…

Martin, Nancy K.; Sass, Daniel A.

2010-01-01

392

Composition Instruction and Cognitive Performance: Results of a Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a composition program, Composers in Public Schools (CiPS), on cognitive skills essential for academic success. The underlying hypothesis is that composition instruction will promote creative expression and increase performance on music-specific skills such as music reading, as well as foster…

Bugos, Jennifer; Jacobs, Edward

2012-01-01

393

Developing Career Education; Grades 3-6 Instructional Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide presents instructional units aimed at developing career education for grades 3-6. Each unit provides detailed objectives, activities, resources, and evaluations, and in some units the objectives are further detailed in relationship to the following subjects: mathematics, language arts, social studies, guidance, music, physical education,…

Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln. Div. of Vocational Education.

394

Is Self-Paced Instruction Really Worth It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a self-paced, learning-for-mastery course in undergraduate fluid mechanics. Includes the method of course assessment, method of student evaluation, and a description of the instructor's role and work load. Summarizes aspects of self-paced instruction considered favorable and unfavorable. (GS)

Roberson, J. A.; Crowe, C. T.

1975-01-01

395

Views of Instructional Supervision: What Do the Textbooks Say?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In all professions, the development of the field rests on an established knowledge base and on newer, emerging information. As a discipline, instructional supervision has been influenced by both evaluation-based and clinically oriented theories. This paper presents findings of a study that sought to determine the degree to which various…

White, Barbara L.; Daniel, Larry G.

396

Instructional Design and Online Learning: A Quality Assurance Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference in the evaluations of online course quality using the Quality Matters model among four groups of reviewers: instructional designers, faculty with subject-matter expertise, peer faculty with no subject-matter expertise, and administrators. A causal-comparative design was utilized to…

Monroe, Rose M.

2011-01-01

397

Comprehensive Assessment of a Software Development Project for Engineering Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews a series of formative assessment studies that were conducted to inform and evaluate a large-scale instructional software development project at the University of Missouri-Rolla (UMR). The three-year project, entitled "Taking the Next Step in Engineering Education: Integrating Educational Software and Active Learning," was…

Hall, Richard H.; Philpot, Timothy A.; Hubing, Nancy

2006-01-01

398

An Analysis of Instructional Strategies Used in Synchronous Learning Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to investigate the perceptions of instructors and students with regard to delivering effective instruction in synchronous learning environments. The specific research goals were to attain an evaluation of the quality of distance education courses, to determine the effectiveness of the delivery medium, and to examine…

Greene, Melanie W.; Zimmerman, Sara Olin; Tashner, John H.; Pacifici, Linda

399

Reducing the Influence of Memory Access Instructions on Stall Cycles  

E-print Network

Reducing the Influence of Memory Access Instructions on Stall Cycles Enric Morancho, José María for a significant portion of stall cycles on integer codes. In this work, we evaluate its influence, and improvements rely upon the data-structures used by the programs. Keywords: integer codes, stall cycles, zero

Morancho, Enric

400

Metacognitive Instruction for Helping Less-Skilled Listeners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a small-scale study of the effect of metacognitive instruction on listeners' comprehension. Twenty adult, Japanese, advanced level EFL learners participated in a task sequence, or "pedagogical cycle", of predicting, monitoring, problem identification, and evaluating in each of five listening lessons aimed at promoting their…

Cross, Jeremy

2011-01-01

401

Using virtual reality as a tool to enhance classroom instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because Virtual Reality (VR) offers the opportunity to visualize, explore, manipulate, and interact with objects within a computer generated environment, it is hypothesized to be an excellent educational tool for use in classroom instruction for engineering students involved in design development, evaluation, and validation. The goal of this research study was to explore the possibilities of using VR in Ergonomics

Lesia L. Crumpton; Edward L. Harden

1997-01-01

402

Review of Elementary and Junior High School DBAE Instructional Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes, compares, and evaluates examples of first generation elementary and junior high curriculum resources which are based upon the discipline based approach to art education. Offers these as sound, sequential instructional materials that are useful in the areas of art history, art criticism, aesthetics, and art studio. (KO)

Gregory, Diane C.

1989-01-01

403

Instruction to Help Young Children Develop Language and Literacy Skills: The Roles of Program Design and Instructional Guidance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the kinds of instructional activities that young children need to develop basic language and literacy skills based on recent research and program evaluations. This includes approaches to develop alphabetic understanding, phonological awareness, vocabulary, and oral language. Activities and materials from the Pre-kindergarten Literacy program are provided as examples of methods preschool teachers can use to help young

Barbara Gunn; Patricia Vadasy; Keith Smolkowski

2011-01-01

404

Writing an Instructional Unit with Behaviorally Stated Objectives. A Five-Day In-Service Workshop Instructional Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual presents a guide that organizes and coordinates the information necessary to plan and write an instructional unit that contains behaviorally stated objectives and to prepare an evaluation that measures what is taught. The manual contains (1) a list of general objectives, (2) a list of behavioral objectives, (3) the class procedure, (4)…

Green, Charles R., Comp.

405

30 CFR 22.11 - Instructions on handling future changes in design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS PORTABLE METHANE DETECTORS § 22.11 Instructions on handling future changes in design. All approvals are granted with the...

2011-07-01

406

[Computer aided instruction on medication administration].  

PubMed

The authors describe an educational software program to use to administer medicines. They describe how a computer can help become an educational resource in nursing and the phases used to develop and evaluate this program. This program has five modules: 1. General instruction, 2. Avoiding errors, 3. Procedures, materials and supervision, 4. Possible complications, 5. Professional orientation; in addition, there is a summary module. This system has a total of 27 study units, 7 knowledge tests, 17 videos, and 34 photos. 24 students in undergraduate nursing were the study group on which this program was evaluated. Results were positive and some suggestions to improve this program were obtained. The authors concluded that this study is an improvement in teaching since this proposes a technological innovation which has possibilities for future development and due to its application of the latest technology for the nursing profession. PMID:12149993

Cassiani, S H; da Silva, F B; Seixas, C A

2001-10-01

407

Teachers' Perspectives on Evaluation Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite growing momentum to reform teacher evaluation in order to increase its impact on teachers' practice and persistence in the profession, very little research examines how current reforms influence teachers' attitudes or reported instructional practices. Do the new evaluation systems lead to enhancements in teachers' instruction overall? And…

Donaldson, Morgaen L.

2012-01-01

408

Instructional Aims Revised 2007  

E-print Network

the communication skills to build effective workplace relationships. (1) Communication Skills (2) Leadership Tools the ability to critically and creatively evaluate problems and to think strategically. (1) Critical Thinking functions and strategies · Managerial concepts and practices · Strategic management #12;

Selmic, Sandra

409

Targeted Instruction: On Target  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mary Rooney, an eighth-grade English and language arts teacher at the K-8 John Welsh School in Philadelphia, spotted a problem. On one of the recent "mini" tests the school administers every six weeks to help students prepare for the state assessments, her classes averaged scores in the 80s, but in evaluating the results, Rooney noticed there were…

Brown, Justine

2007-01-01

410

Instructional Improvement Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information on teaching at the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences at the University of Wisconsin-Madison is presented for both new and established teachers. Course and lecture organization, presentation techniques, and teaching aids are covered, along with exams, grading, and teacher evaluation. Class size and composition and classroom…

Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Coll. of Agricultural and Life Sciences.

411

Classic Writings on Instructional Technology. Volume 2. Instructional Technology Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selected for their influence on the field, their continued reference over the years, and the reputation of the authors, these 15 seminal papers are considered to be foundations in the field of instructional technology. Extending the purpose of the first volume to primary writings of the 70s, 80s, and early 90s, this work continues to document the…

Ely, Donald P.; Plomp, Tjeerd

412

Planning for Literacy Instruction: Guidelines for Instruction. Sharing Ideas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to developing literacy skills with deaf and hard of hearing children stresses the flexible use of various methods based on the needs of individual children. The paper begins by examining selected methods and approaches to literacy instruction, citing ways that these might or might not benefit students depending upon implementation. This…

French, Martha M.

413

Instructional Technology Academy: Empowering Teachers To Lead Instructional Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

McKinney (Texas) Independent School District is developing a program aligned with Goals 2000 standards that stresses individual, collegial, and organizational improvement. The result is the Instructional Technology Academy, which tries to provide a catalyst for transforming the teaching/learning process and developing best practices to enhance…

Kalmbacher, Staci; Maxson, Diane

2000-01-01

414

Development and Exchange of Instructional Resources in Water Quality Control Programs, IV: Selecting Instructional Media and Instructional Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of a series of reports which reviews instructional materials and equipment for water and wastewater treatment plant personnel. A system is presented to assist in standardizing the production of lesson plans and instructional materials in the water quality control field. A procedure for selecting appropriate instructional media…

Durham, W. Harry; And Others

415

Job Title: Curriculum Developer Classification: Associate Instructional Professional  

E-print Network

in the design and development of curricula and course material that take advantage of instructional technologies deadlines. -Supervise Instructional Designer. Collaborate with Instructional Designer to develop and review proposed project efforts scope, milestones, and timeframe. -Partners with Instructional Designer

Hall, Sharon J.

416

16 CFR 1203.6 - Labeling and instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...manufacturer's fitting instructions. (4) A...refer users to the instruction manual for more specific...the label. (b) Instructions. Each helmet shall...instructions, including a graphic representation...

2011-01-01

417

Instructional Leadership in Schools: Reflections and Empirical Evidence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination of instructional leadership organized into four sections: Reflections on school leadership, definitions of instructional leadership, reviews of two empirical studies on instructional leadership, and conclusions about the development of instructional leaders. (Contains 44 references.) (PKP)

Southworth, Geoff

2002-01-01

418

Differentiating science instruction: Success stories of high school science teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the characteristics and practices of high school science teachers who differentiate instruction. Specifically teachers' beliefs about science teaching and student learning and how they planned for and implemented differentiated instruction in their classrooms were explored. Understanding how high school science teachers differentiate instruction fills a gap in the literature. Participants included 7 high school science teachers purposefully selected from 4 different schools located in three school districts in a mid-Atlantic state. Data was collected during the spring of 2010 and fall of 2011 and occurred in two phases. For all 7 participants, data included one one-hour semi-structured interview and field notes from a minimum of four 90-minute classroom observations. Each classroom observation was scored using the validated Differentiated Instruction Implementation Matrix-Modified (DIIM-M), which evaluated participants' proficiency in differentiating instruction. The DIIM-M was analyzed using descriptive statistics and triangulated with field notes. This analysis led to the identification of a single teacher, Diane, for in-depth case study. Case study data included approximately two hours of semi-structured interview responses, 37.5 hours of classroom observations of Diane's Ecology and Biology classes, relevant instructional materials, and other artifacts. This variety of data allowed for triangulation of the evidence. Data were analyzed using a constant comparative approach (Lincoln & Guba, 1985). Results indicated that Diane consistently integrated complex learning profile differentiation strategies; however, she differentiated less frequently for readiness and interest. Technology-enhanced formative assessment played an integral role in planning and implementing lessons differentiated for readiness. Diane's content knowledge, self-efficacy, administrative support, and alignment between beliefs and the philosophy of differentiated instruction promoted differentiation practices. Lack of planning time and professional development and a high-stakes testing culture were barriers to full enactment of differentiation. These findings suggest that differentiated instruction is feasible in high school science classes with professional development and encouragement from administrators. Most significantly, this study provides practical strategies for in-service science teachers beginning to differentiate instruction and recommendations for professional development and preservice science teacher education. Future research should explore student outcomes and ways to support effective formative assessment and readiness differentiation among high school science teachers.

Maeng, Jennifer Lynn Cunningham

419

46 CFR 108.655 - Operating instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...108.655 Section 108.655 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT Equipment Markings and Instructions § 108.655 Operating instructions....

2014-10-01

420

Assessing Program Visualization Systems as Instructional Aids  

E-print Network

Assessing Program Visualization Systems as Instructional Aids Technical Report GIT-GVU-91. Keywords: program visualization, algorithm animation, software understanding, computer aideed instruction-23 October 1991 Graphics, Visualization, and Usability Center College of Computing Georgia Institute

Stasko, John T.

421

24 CFR 3280.711 - Instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MANUFACTURED HOME CONSTRUCTION AND SAFETY STANDARDS Heating, Cooling and Fuel Burning Systems § 3280.711 Instructions. Operating instructions shall be provided with each...

2010-04-01

422

Types of verbal interaction with instructable robots  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An instructable robot is one that accepts instruction in some natural language such as English and uses that instruction to extend its basic repertoire of actions. Such robots are quite different in conception from autonomously intelligent robots, which provide the impetus for much of the research on inference and planning in artificial intelligence. Examined here are the significant problem areas in the design of robots that learn from vebal instruction. Examples are drawn primarily from our earlier work on instructable robots and recent work on the Robotic Aid for the physically disabled. Natural-language understanding by machines is discussed as well as in the possibilities and limits of verbal instruction. The core problem of verbal instruction, namely, how to achieve specific concrete action in the robot in response to commands that express general intentions, is considered, as are two major challenges to instructability: achieving appropriate real-time behavior in the robot, and extending the robot's language capabilities.

Crangle, C.; Suppes, P.; Michalowski, S.

1987-01-01

423

21 CFR 606.122 - Instruction circular.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Instructions to administer a suitable plasma volume expander if Red Blood Cells are...contain: (1) The approximate volume of plasma from which a sample unit of Platelets...after entering the container. (m) For Plasma, the instruction circular shall...

2012-04-01

424

21 CFR 606.122 - Instruction circular.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Instructions to administer a suitable plasma volume expander if Red Blood Cells are...contain: (1) The approximate volume of plasma from which a sample unit of Platelets...after entering the container. (m) For Plasma, the instruction circular shall...

2010-04-01

425

The Instructional Organization for Integrating Diverse Expertise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responsibility for instruction should pass from academic content experts to experts in the technology of instruction. This implies substantial changes in organizational structure especially in higher education. (Editor/PG)

Fraley, Lawrence E.; Vargas, Ernest A.

1975-01-01

426

FINAL STAFF REPORT FORMS AND INSTRUCTIONS FOR  

E-print Network

These electricity supply forms and instructions by staff of the California Energy Commission cover forecast years) ............................................................. 20 Supply Form S2: Energy Balance Table FINAL STAFF REPORT FORMS AND INSTRUCTIONS FOR SUBMITTING ELECTRICITY RESOURCE PLANS

427

DRAFT STAFF REPORT FORMS AND INSTRUCTIONS FOR  

E-print Network

adequacy, forms and instructions, California load-serving entities, 2013 Integrated Energy)............................................................. 20 Supply Form S-2: Energy Balance Table DRAFT STAFF REPORT FORMS AND INSTRUCTIONS FOR SUBMITTING ELECTRICITY

428

Application Instructions for: Cyber Security Fundamentals Certificate  

E-print Network

Application Instructions for: Cyber Security Fundamentals Certificate Naval Postgraduate School Center for Information Systems Security Studies and Research (CISR) Monterey, CA 93943 cyber@nps.edu #12;Cyber Security Fundamentals Certificate - Online Application Instructions 1. Go to https

429

Instruction Cache Designs for a Class of Statically Scheduled Instruction Level Parallel Architectures  

E-print Network

Instruction Cache Designs for a Class of Statically Scheduled Instruction Level Parallel on instruction cache i-cache design is described. The paper is organized as follows: Section 2 introduces a basic@eos.ncsu.edu Abstract Statically-scheduled architectures such as very long instruction word VLIW architectures use very

Conte, Thomas M.

430

Toward a Learning/Instruction Process Model for Facilitating the Instructional Design Cycle  

E-print Network

Toward a Learning/Instruction Process Model for Facilitating the Instructional Design Cycle Yusuke.bourdeau@licef.ca Abstract. Many instructional design models have been proposed and their benefits are evident. However the potential to support some phases of instructional design. Furthermore, we give an example of how one

Mizoguchi, Riichiro

431

Principles of Effective Instruction--General Standards for Teachers and Instructional Designers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers a review on effective instructional methods from educational and psychological research. Thirteen instructional principles are presented which should help teacher and educators to improve the quality of their instruction. Principles 1 to 4 concern general conditions of successful instruction. Principles 5 to 8 consist of…

Astleitner, Hermann

2005-01-01

432

Instructional Design Strategies for Instructional Technologies Utilizing Data Visualization Adrienne Gauthier, University of Arizona, agauthier@as.arizona.edu  

E-print Network

Instructional Design Strategies for Instructional Technologies Utilizing Data Visualization learning resources" are the latest craze in the instructional technology community. They are self) and the computer programmer/software engineer. They may not specialize in user interfaces or instructional design

Collar, Juan I.

433

Looking Mother Tongue Instruction through Different Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mother Tongue Instruction has been a debatable issue since long. There may be two options in the medium of instruction: either to teach especially primary and preprimary schoolchildren in their own mother tongue or continue using second or foreign language as the medium of instruction. Both of the approaches bear some pros and cons. This article…

Regmi, Kapil Dev

2008-01-01

434

Transfer of Training Principles for Instructional Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents evidence to establish that instructional technology applications often result in transfer of training failures, which are attributed to inappropriate mixing of behaviorist and cognitive instructional design models. Specific suggestions are made for instructional design prescriptions that support different levels of transfer for different…

Clark, Richard E.; Voogel, Alexander

1985-01-01

435

Explicit Instruction Elements in Core Reading Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom teachers are provided instructional recommendations for teaching reading from their adopted core reading programs (CRPs). Explicit instruction elements or what is also called instructional moves, including direct explanation, modeling, guided practice, independent practice, discussion, feedback, and monitoring, were examined within CRP…

Child, Angela R.

2012-01-01

436

An Instructional Design Support Environment for CSCL  

E-print Network

An Instructional Design Support Environment for CSCL Fundamental Concepts and Design Patterns Akiko complex instructional design (ID) process for CSCL environment. To fulfill the aim we have been will work as both vocabulary to describe the session and design pattern referred to during the instructional

Mizoguchi, Riichiro

437

Division of Human Resources INSTRUCTIONS TO RUN  

E-print Network

Division of Human Resources INSTRUCTIONS TO RUN EMPLOYEE LEAVE YEAR END REPORT Human Resources Resources INSTRUCTIONS TO RUN EMPLOYEE LEAVE YEAR END REPORT Human Resources / Attendance and Leave on "Run" (no box should be left empty) #12;Division of Human Resources INSTRUCTIONS TO RUN EMPLOYEE LEAVE

Meyers, Steven D.

438

Designing Effective Instruction. 5th Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This valuable resource provides instructional designers with the guidance they need to meet the challenge of creating effective and efficient instruction. Maintaining a careful balance between theory and application, the Fifth Edition presents a practical, easy-to-follow approach to instructional design that can be applied to K-12 classrooms,…

Morrison, Gary R.; Ross, Steven M.; Kemp, Jerrold E.

2006-01-01

439

A Christmas Carol of Writing Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overviews the current state of writing instruction in elementary and secondary schools. Presents specific examples from real classrooms of misguided instruction and ill-advised assignments. Suggests specific ways of improving classroom instructions of writing at all levels in the future. (HB)

Paulis, Chris

1992-01-01

440

Instructing on Death: Psychologists, Juries, and Judges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American legal system depends on judicial instructions to structure jury death penalty decisons and thus avoid unconstitutional arbitrariness. Some death penalty instructions, however, provide woefully inadequate guidance and ignore schemas that lead jurors to misconstrue instructions. Empirical research has just begun to document sources of misunderstanding and ways to improve communication. Psychological research can assist in reducing arbitrariness in

Shari Seidman Diamond

1993-01-01

441

Technology Use in Higher Education Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The significance of integrating technology use in higher education instruction is undeniable. The benefits include those related to access to instruction by underserved populations, adequately preparing students for future careers, capitalizing on best instructional practices, developing higher order thinking activities, and engaging students…

Elzarka, Sammy

2012-01-01

442

Applying Software Design Methodology to Instructional Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The premise of this paper is that computer science has much to offer the endeavor of instructional improvement. Software design processes employed in computer science for developing software can be used for planning instruction and should improve instruction in much the same manner that design processes appear to have improved software. Techniques…

East, J. Philip

2004-01-01

443

Unit of Instruction: Writing, Teaching, Supplementing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was prepared to guide educators in developing curriculum using performance (behavioral) objectives that include content information. The material is presented in three units: writing a unit of instruction, teaching a unit of instruction, and supplementing a unit of instruction. Each unit contains terminal and specific objectives for…

Patton, Bob; And Others

444

Specifications for Composition Instruction. Technical Note.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper specifies the content of composition instruction, some of which can be incorporated into material to be presented by and practiced on a computer. It describes instructional outcomes within the context of an instructional model of the composing situation and discusses them under the following headings: (1) the composing problem, (2)…

Humes, Ann

445

Knowledge Management in Instructional Design. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest reviews what instructional designers do, describes knowledge management, and indicates how knowledge management is influencing instructional design. The first section defines instructional design (ID) and briefly describes the ID process. The second section covers knowledge management (KM), including definitions of KM and systems,…

Spector, J. Michael; Edmonds, Gerald S.

446

THE STUDENT-MACHINE INTERFACE IN INSTRUCTION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

INSTRUCTIONAL AND EQUIPMENT CONSIDERATIONS IN THE DESIGN OF THE STUDENT MACHINE INTERFACE, THE POINT OF CONTACT OF A LEARNER WITH AN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM DISPLAY, ARE DISCUSSED. INSTRUCTIONAL ASPECTS ARE CONSIDERED WITH RESPECT TO THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE INDIVIDUALIZATION OF THE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT, THE SEQUENCING OF INSTRUCTIONAL STEPS, AND…

GLASER, ROBERT; RAMAGE, WILLIAM W.

447

Auto Mechanics; Methodology. Technical Instruction Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student instruction manual was written in conformance with selected criteria for programed instruction books as developed previously for various military training courses. The manual was developed as a part of "A Study of the Effectiveness of a Military-Type Computer-Based Instructional System When Used in Civilian High School Courses in…

Systems Operation Support, Inc., King of Prussia, PA.

448

Distributed Instructional Leadership in High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the idea of distributed instructional leadership as a way to understand instructional leadership practice in comprehensive high schools. Our argument is that distributed leadership analyses allow researchers to uncover and explain how instructional improvement in high schools occurs through the efforts of multiple individuals…

Halverson, Richard; Clifford, Matthew

2013-01-01

449

Lessons about Evaluating  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The author identifies online lessons that will support students in applying evaluation skills to fiction and nonfiction texts. The article appears in the free, online magazine Beyond Weather and the Water Cycle, which integrates science education and literacy skills instruction.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

2011-09-01

450

An Instructional Guide for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is an instructional guide for parents of severely and profoundly retarded and multiply handicapped children. Developed by 20 graduate students during a summer institute at Duquesne University, the guide suggests activities in communication, self-help and physical development. An introduction provides a definition of the severely involved…

Carambio, Lisa; And Others

451

Computer Instruction: Planning and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the basis of the experience gained in a Title III project called Computer Instruction NETWORK, the author presents some guidelines for the planning and implementation of a course at the high school level dealing with computers. The guide lists the first steps to be taken in setting up such a program, describes a teacher training program, and…

Edwards, Judith B.

452

LEARNING AND INSTRUCTIONAL RESOURCES CENTER.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A DESCRIPTION OF THE INCEPTION, OBJECTIVES, OPERATION, EQUIPMENT, AND PERSONNEL OF THE LEARNING AND INSTRUCTIONAL RESOURCES CENTER OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI IS GIVEN. FACULTY COMMITTEES WERE APPOINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI TO WORK OUT THE PHILOSOPHY OF A NEW DIVISION WITHIN THE UNIVERSITY WHICH WOULD MEET THE PROBLEMS OF THE INADEQUACY OF…

THARP, CHARLES D.

453

Reviews of STS Instructional Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses characteristics of instructional modules that deal with the relationship between science, technology, and society (STS). Provides reviews of 14 print modules and one video that cover such topics as air and water quality, consumer science, genetics, nuclear energy, space, and technological issues. (TW)

S-STS Reporter, 1988

1988-01-01

454

Biological Safety Cabinet Operating Instructions  

E-print Network

Biological Safety Cabinet Operating Instructions Before using the cabinet: Turn off the UV lamp items inside cabinet. Allow the blower to run for 5-10 min before starting work. While using the cabinet: Place small biohazard bag in container for discarding tips, etc. as you work. Ensure material

455

Self-Paced Mathematical Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of providing students with their own laptops for home and school use has become more and more pervasive in schools throughout the country. This resource availability, known as the "1:1 device movement," presents students and teachers with new instructional and learning opportunities. This new capability, however, is being given…

Edwards, Clayton M.

2013-01-01

456

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS CATALOG. (TITLE SUPPLIED).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

COURSES OF INSTRUCTION, WORKBOOKS, TESTBOOKS, AND EXAMINATIONS ARE LISTED FOR AUTO MECHANICS, CABINET MAKING, CARPENTRY, DRYWALL CONSTRUCTION, RADIO SERVICES, AND 30 OTHER AREAS OF APPRENTICE TRAINING. A SYLLABUS FOR TRAINING PART-TIME TRADE AND TECHNICAL TEACHERS IS INCLUDED WITH TECHNICAL EDUCATION MATERIALS. PRICES ARE LISTED FOR ALL MATERIALS.…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

457

Principals + Algebra (- Fear) = Instructional Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent state legislation in Michigan mandates that all graduating seniors successfully pass algebra I and II. Numerous initiatives have been enacted to help mathematics teachers meet this challenge, yet school principals have had little preparation for the necessary curricular and instructional changes. To address this unmet need, university-based…

Carver, Cynthia L.

2010-01-01

458

Cement Mason's Curriculum. Instructional Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist cement mason instructors in providing comprehensive instruction to their students, this curriculum guide treats both the skills and information necessary for cement masons in commercial and industrial construction. Ten sections are included, as follow: related information, covering orientation, safety, the history of cement, and applying…

Hendirx, Laborn J.; Patton, Bob

459

Attrition Cost Model Instruction Manual  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instruction manual explains in detail how to use the Attrition Cost Model program, which estimates the cost of student attrition for a state's higher education system. Programmed with SAS, this model allows users to instantly calculate the cost of attrition and the cumulative attrition rate that is based on the most recent retention and…

Yanagiura, Takeshi

2012-01-01

460

Characteristics of Effective Instructional Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective technology empowers learners and helps them assume responsibility for their own learning. Characteristics of effective instructional technology should guide the development of computer software and other types of technology. Software should provide for interaction since adults learn through active engagement. Feedback should be…

Bixler, Brett; Askov, Eunice N.

1994-01-01

461

Reviews of STS Instructional Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides reviews of instructional modules suitable for use in a Science-Technology-Society (STS) approach. Includes reviews of print and video materials dealing with clean water, investigating environmental issues, acid rain, toxic waste, scientific decision making, radioactive waste, and consumerism. (TW)

Reporter, 1987

1987-01-01

462

Best Practices in ELL Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this work, prominent authorities review the latest research on all aspects of ELL instruction (K-12) and identify what works for today's students and schools. Provided are best-practice guidelines for targeting reading, writing, oral language, vocabulary, content-domain literacies, and other core skill areas; assessing culturally and…

Li, Guofang, Ed.; Edwards, Patricia A., Ed.

2010-01-01

463

Best Practices in Business Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is intended to give business teachers a few best practice ideas. Section 1 presents an overview of best practice and a chart detailing the instructional levels, curricular areas, and main competencies addressed in the 26 papers in Section 2. The titles and authors of the papers included in Section 2 are as follows: "A Software Tool…

Briggs, Dianna, Ed.

464

Portfolios for Assessment and Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes why portfolios may be useful for improving assessment and for motivating and involving students more in their own learning. Topics include instructional uses, assessment uses, tracking growth over time, accountability, and references for further reading. This resource is intended for K-12 teachers to use in the classroom.

Arter, Judith

465

Holidays. Advisory List: Instructional Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents an annotated bibliography of instructional materials that deal with subjects relating to holidays. Topics include Christmas, Earth Day, Easter, Halloween, Hannukah, Independence Day, Martin Luther King Day, Thanksgiving, Valentine's Day, and "More than One Holiday." Works cited include illustrated stories, poems, songs, and…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Media and Technology Services.

466

Articulation Agreements for Bibliographic Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an articulation agreement for bibliographic instruction between Clinton Community College (CCC) and State University of New York, Plattsburgh (SUNY/Plattsburgh), which addressed CCC transfers' difficulty with SUNY/Plattsburgh's required library research skills course. Includes syllabi for the articulated courses. Enumerates library…

Staines, Gail M.

1990-01-01

467

Instructions for use Second Economy  

E-print Network

Instructions for use #12;- 123 - No. 582011 1969­1988 * 1969­1988 Second Economy 1 Gregory Grossman 2 4 4 4 4 3 07-712 2 1 Horst Brezinski, "The Second Economies­33; Michael Alexeev, "Russian Underground Economy in Transition," in Owen Lippert and Michael Walker, eds

Tachizawa, Kazuya

468

Journal Instructions Martin J. Mohlenkamp  

E-print Network

Journal Instructions Martin J. Mohlenkamp September 2, 2014 Each week you will update your journal, email me a copy in .pdf format, and be prepared to display your journal at the group meeting for discussion. At the end of the term your journal will be posted on the web. Content · What you did this week

Mohlenkamp, Martin J.

469

Instructional Safety 400 Series XPR  

E-print Network

in electric shock, fire and/or serious personal injury. SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS WORK AREA Keep your work area. Never use the cord to carry the tools or pull the plug from an outlet. Keep cord away from heat, oil, or long hair can be caught in moving parts. Keep handles dry, clean and free from oil and grease. Avoid

Haller, Gary L.

470

Dearborn: Modern Standard Arabic Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a roundup of the Arabic language instruction offered in the Dearborn, Michigan, school district. Only one of the district's 22 elementary schools--Becker--offers Arabic. Pupils receive at least two 40 minute periods of Arabic a week. The school gave up a two-way immersion program, in which students were taught half their…

Education Week, 2006

2006-01-01

471

Health Instruction Packages: Dental Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Text, illustrations, and exercises are utilized in this set of four learning modules designed to instruct non-professional dental personnel in selected job-related skills. The first module, by Gary E. Hayes, describes how to locate the hinge axis point of the jaw, place and secure a bitefork, and perform a facebow transfer. The second module,…

Hayes, Gary E.; And Others

472

The Basics of Blended Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Even though many of teachers do not have technology-rich classrooms, the rapidly evolving education landscape increasingly requires them to incorporate technology to customize student learning. Blended learning, with its mix of technology and traditional face-to-face instruction, is a great approach. Blended learning combines classroom learning…

Tucker, Catlin R.

2013-01-01

473

Instructional Design for Situated Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the design of situated learning and the ecological psychology of situated cognition. Topics addressed include the teacher's role; teacher training; anchored instruction; transfer skills; the meaning of learning; apprenticeships; and the Jasper Series, a macrocontext designed to investigate the issues of situated learning. (46 references)…

Young, Michael F.

1993-01-01

474

Individualizing Reading Instruction: A Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The articles contained in this volume were selected to support and strengthen the concept of individualized instruction through diagnostic teaching. The book is divided into six major parts, each of which is preceded by a brief overview that emphasizes the main tenets advanced by the authors of the individual articles. The six major divisions of…

Harris, Larry A.; Smith, Carl B.

475

Differentiated Instruction: A Research Basis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With contemporary classrooms becoming increasingly diverse, educational authorities, teachers and school administrators are looking to teaching and learning strategies that cater for a variety of learning profiles. A paradigm that is gaining ground in many educational circles is differentiated instruction. This model proposes a rethinking of the…

Subban, Pearl

2006-01-01

476

Differentiated Instruction in Small Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural areas in the alpine regions suffer from dwindling student numbers. Differentiated instruction (DI) could help improve the teaching culture by allowing instructors to better adapt to heterogeneous student groups. At the beginning of a combined research and school improvement project, a survey of 162 teachers and 1180 students was conducted to…

Smit, Robbert; Humpert, Winfried

2012-01-01

477

BIT PERMUTATION INSTRUCTIONS: ARCHITECTURE, IMPLEMENTATION,  

E-print Network

-set architecture features motivated by cryptographic algorithms, as well as of architectural features occurring for other reasons, e.g., multimedia, that may influence the design of cryptographic algorithms. We hopeBIT PERMUTATION INSTRUCTIONS: ARCHITECTURE, IMPLEMENTATION, AND CRYPTOGRAPHIC PROPERTIES Zhijie

Shi, Zhijie Jerry

478

Vocational Education Safety Instruction Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual describes four program areas in vocational education safety instruction: (1) introduction to a safety program; (2) resources to ensure laboratory safety; (3) safety program implementation; and (4) safety rules and safety tests. The safety rules and tests included in section four are for the most common tools and machines used in…

Cropley, Russell, Ed.; Doherty, Susan Sloan, Ed.

479

Individualizing Instruction through Interactive Video.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The viability of interactive video as a method of individualizing instruction was studied using classroom management situations dealing with cheating as the program content. Students completing the program were to select the correct statement about the observed student behavior in brief video scenes, the teacher action appropriate to that…

Gratz, Elizabeth W.; Reeve, Robert H.

480

Including Technology in Instructional Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of technology that can enhance learning in physical education and exercise science instructional programs at the K-12 level and in colleges and universities. Although technology is widely used in physical education programs, it is generally limited to software and equipment that assesses…

Ladda, Shawn; Keating, Tedd; Adams, Deborah; Toscano, Lisa

2004-01-01

481

Tips for Rapid Instructional Design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On this site from Thiagi, Inc., visitors will find tips, tricks, and techniques for rapid instructional design including: Create Your Own Templates, How To Design a Course in Seven Days, How To Produce a Videotape in a Single Day, More On Templates, and Use Templates To Speed Up Your ID.

2009-09-04

482

Postoperative Instructions Following Facial Surgery  

E-print Network

Postoperative Instructions Following Facial Surgery 1. Your surgery will be performed in the Surgery Center on the 4th floor of the Center for Health and Healing (CHH) at Oregon Health & Sciences University. The procedure is done under anesthesia administered by an anesthesiologist. After surgery, you

Chapman, Michael S.

483

Elementary Instructional Program Procedures Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for the Duval County Public Schools (Jacksonville, Florida), this manual gives elementary school teachers information on instructional program procedures. Section one is about the reading program and deals with placement procedures and criteria for kindergarten and first grade students, initial placement procedures for grades two-six,…

Duval County Schools, Jacksonville, FL.

484

Adult Braille Instruction in Finland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program of the Finnish Central Federation of the Visually Handicapped is described. The program's aim is to provide and develop teaching materials and instructional methods to help persons who lost their eyesight as adults to learn braille. Discussed are personal tutoring, correspondence studying, regional courses, and program plans. (Author/JDD)

Heikkila, M.

1990-01-01

485

Embedded Instructional Coaching: What Works  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How are administrators leveraging the expertise and passion in their buildings? How do they inspire enthusiasm in their teachers and improve student achievement? How do they act as an agent for change? Those are the tasks the authors are given as instructional coaches. In the beginning, they were unsure how to tackle those tasks--or even if it was…

Habegger, Shelly; Hodanbosi, Philip

2011-01-01

486

Preparing Instructional Leaders: A Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article proposes a model that provides one means of making instructional leadership the central focus of leadership preparation. It draws from conceptualizations of teaching and learning as well as organizational and leadership theory to advocate for greater coherence in education leadership programs. Conceptual Argument: We begin…

Brazer, S. David; Bauer, Scott C.

2013-01-01

487

OBIS: Outdoor Biology Instructional Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Outdoor Biology Instructional Strategies (OBIS) project began in 1972 to enable non-school youth groups (aged 10-15) to gain firsthand experiences in outdoor environments. This descriptive paper explains the program including its purpose and historical background. Specific objectives are to: (1) stimulate curiosity about local environments;…

Donovan, Edward P.; Richmond, Robert F.

488

Instructional Guide for Autobody Repair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide was developed to serve as a statewide model for Virginia auto body repair programs. The guide is designed to 1,080 hours of instruction in eleven blocks: orientation, introduction, welding and cutting, techniques of shaping metal, body filler and fiberglass repairs, body and frame, removing and replacing damaged parts, basic…

Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg. Dept. of Education.

489

A Vehicle for Instructional Transformation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By providing sustained, embedded professional development over the course of a school year--as well as involving teachers in creating high-quality assessment tasks, implementing the assessments with students, and tying assessment directly to instruction--the authors increased the value that their teaching community places on mathematical…

Munson, Jen; Morant, Tamyka S.

2011-01-01

490

Instructional Technology and the Multiversity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author suggests that the issue of planned instruction will result in the bifurcation of the university. One part will be a "traditional" university, functioning more as an observer of the dominant society. The other will be a "relevant" university, serving as a public education, information, and training network closely aligned with industry…

Meyrowitz, Joshua

1979-01-01

491

THE URGENCY FOR INDIVIDUALIZING INSTRUCTION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PAPER EXAMINES THE RATIONALE FOR GREATER INDIVIDUALIZATION OF INSTRUCTION AND CONSIDERS MEANS OF ACHIEVING THAT GOAL. THE AUTHOR RECOMMENDS THAT ADMINISTRATORS (1) RE-EXAMINE THEIR OWN CONCEPT OF THE CENTRAL PURPOSE OF EDUCATION, (2) REDEFINE THEIR DEFINITION OF ACHIEVEMENT, (3) GROUP STUDENTS ONLY IN TERMS OF ACHIEVEMENT IN A PARTICULAR…

BABCOCK, CHESTER D.

492

Calculator Instructions for Elementary Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Roberta Bloom of DeAnza College, this website provides links to instructions for performing basic statistics such as confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, discrete distributions, linear regression, etc. for TI-83, TI-84, and TI-86 calculators. This is a nice introduction to these statistical methods and additional insight into how to perform these functions on graphing calculators.

Bloom, Roberta

493

Instructions for obtaining travel reimbursement  

E-print Network

Instructions for obtaining travel reimbursement To be reimbursed for your travel you must fill out a Princeton University Non Employee Travel Voucher. Travel reimbursement will be processed by Princeton. · Fill out all lines marked with an X. At the space labeled `Host' put CHRISTOPHER SKINNER. · INCLUDE

Hida, Haruzo

494

MEASUREMENT PROCEDURES IN PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

FIVE EXPERIMENTS WERE CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE METHODS OF USING CONVENTIONAL MEASUREMENT PROCEDURES WITH PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION. THE EXPERIMENTS FOCUSED ON THREE SUBJECT AREAS - CAPITALIZATION, PUNCTUATION, AND ARITHMETIC MANIPULATION OF COMMON FRACTIONS. PUPILS FROM THE FOURTH TO SIXTH GRADES OF THREE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DISTRICTS COMPRISED THE…

SCHUTZ, RICHARD E.; AND OTHERS

495

Data-Driven Instructional Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With real-world examples from actual schools, this book illustrates how to nurture a culture of continuous improvement, meet the needs of individual students, foster an environment of high expectations, and meet the requirements of NCLB. Each component of the Data-Driven Instructional Leadership (DDIS) model represents several branches of…

Blink, Rebecca

2006-01-01

496

[Georgia's Special Instructional Assistance Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information about Georgia's Special Instructional Assistance Program (SIA) is presented. The program is designed to serve children in kindergarten through grade five who are functioning below the normal expectations for their age range, usually as a result of deficient language and cognitive development. The vast majority of SIA teaching and…

Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta.

497

Blood Pressure Medicine: Special Instructions  

E-print Network

Blood Pressure Medicine: Special Instructions: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute · What is my blood pressure reading in numbers? · What is my goal blood pressure? · Is there a healthy eating plan that I should follow to help

Bandettini, Peter A.

498

Health Instruction Packages: Basic Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Text, illustrations, and exercises are utilized in a set of nine learning modules designed to instruct nursing and allied health students in a variety of biological topics. The first module, by Barbara Cathey, discusses cell growth and the proliferation of cells in benign and malignant tumors. The second module, by Eugene Volz, describes the…

Cathey, Barbara; And Others

499

Understanding Evolutionary Potential in Virtual CPU Instruction Set Architectures  

PubMed Central

We investigate fundamental decisions in the design of instruction set architectures for linear genetic programs that are used as both model systems in evolutionary biology and underlying solution representations in evolutionary computation. We subjected digital organisms with each tested architecture to seven different computational environments designed to present a range of evolutionary challenges. Our goal was to engineer a general purpose architecture that would be effective under a broad range of evolutionary conditions. We evaluated six different types of architectural features for the virtual CPUs: (1) genetic flexibility: we allowed digital organisms to more precisely modify the function of genetic instructions, (2) memory: we provided an increased number of registers in the virtual CPUs, (3) decoupled sensors and actuators: we separated input and output operations to enable greater control over data flow. We also tested a variety of methods to regulate expression: (4) explicit labels that allow programs to dynamically refer to specific genome positions, (5) position-relative search instructions, and (6) multiple new flow control instructions, including conditionals and jumps. Each of these features also adds complication to the instruction set and risks slowing evolution due to epistatic interactions. Two features (multiple argument specification and separated I/O) demonstrated substantial improvements in the majority of test environments, along with versions of each of the remaining architecture modifications that show significant improvements in multiple environments. However, some tested modifications were detrimental, though most exhibit no systematic effects on evolutionary potential, highlighting the robustness of digital evolution. Combined, these observations enhance our understanding of how instruction architecture impacts evolutionary potential, enabling the creation of architectures that support more rapid evolution of complex solutions to a broad range of challenges. PMID:24376669

Bryson, David M.; Ofria, Charles

2013-01-01

500

The Development and Implementation of a Model for Comparing Instructional Alternatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of current research and evaluation criteria, the Gallup Evaluation Model (GEM I and GEM II) was developed and tested at Pennsylvania State University to assess effectiveness and efficiency of instructional developments. Alternative ways of teaching German I were evaluated according to five variables: amount of pupil time, course costs,…

Gallup, David A.