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1

Evaluation of Bibliographic Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguing that there is a current tendency among librarians to talk more about the evaluation of bibliographic instruction than to actually do anything about it, this paper examines limitations of and considerations pertaining to evaluation and includes: (1) a brief discussion of the history of bibliographic instruction; (2) discussion of types of…

Hardesty, Larry

2

Evaluating Instructional Programs. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book details a total approach to writing objectives, designing measuring instruments, performing objective comparisons, and avoiding pitfalls in conducting three types of instructional program evaluations. Chapters discuss issues, problems, and solutions in the following sequence: (1) an overview of instructional program evaluation; (2)…

Tuckman, Bruce Wayne

3

Evaluation of Sight, Sound, Symbol Instructional Method.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated was the Sight-Sound-Symbol (S-S-S) method of teaching basic reading skills with four groups of 16 trainable mentally retarded children. The method involved use of a musical keyboard to teach children to identify numbers, letters, colors, and shapes. Groups either received individual S-S-S instruction for 10 minutes daily, received S-S-S…

Massarotti, Michael C.; Slaichert, William M.

4

Personalized Systems of Instruction: How Evaluate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Fred Keller's personalized system of instruction (PSI) has had a surprisingly rapid adoption in colleges and universities since its introduction in 1964, sound evaluation techniques for the method are still needed. Verbal reports are vague, while other methods that have been used are idiosyncratic and depend on the way the teacher…

Powers, Richard B.

5

Evaluation of science instructional software  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the current science education software measures up to the national science literacy standards as specified by the AAAS. The usability of software was also assessed. A sample of ten widely used middle and high school science instruction CD-ROMs was chosen from a sampling frame comprising 17 bestsellers and 30 highly recommended software packages. The study used a five-step analysis and rating procedure derived closely from the one developed by the AAAS's Project 2061 for analyzing the content and pedagogy of widely used science textbooks. Each was also rated on a checklist of 20 usability criteria that were compiled from prior research on design, usability, and interactiveness of instructional software. The results indicate that an average of about 25% of a CD-ROM's content (which includes either text, graphics, or exercises, or a combination of any or all of these) addressed the AAAS benchmarks of science literacy, but anywhere from 12--45% of this content was found to address benchmarks for lower grades than those that the CD-ROM was claimed to target. Much of remaining content addressing the benchmarks did so only partially. Thus, overall, there was poor alignment with the benchmarks. The sample failed to meet pedagogical criteria associated with attending to students' pre-existing knowledge, ideas, and skills; assessing students' progress vis-a-vis the goals of the lesson on the CD-ROM; and promoting students' thinking and reflection about what they have learned. The CD-ROMs scored satisfactory to excellent on criteria associated with providing relevant and varied experiences with scientific phenomena and effective and meaningful representation of scientific terms and ideas. The sample scored satisfactorily on all usability criteria except on some design and interface matters. Popular CD-ROMs lack of alignment with the AAAS science standards may be due to laxness on the part of developers, a general lack of alignment in other resource materials (e.g., science textbooks), or to low budgets for development. Buyers of science education software (school district officials, teachers, parents, and students) will need to judiciously invest in this technology if they want it to facilitate the priorities set by AAAS for science learning.

Shrivastava, Abha

6

An evaluation of factors that influence children's instruction following.  

PubMed

Behavior that resembles instruction following might sometimes be under stimulus control of extraneous variables. We evaluated the effects of some of these variables (i.e., presence of relevant objects, associations between instructions and object sets) with 3 children with intellectual disabilities. In Experiment 1, we assessed whether subjects were more likely to follow instructions that required object manipulation and whether subjects were more likely to follow these instructions when only relevant objects were present. All subjects were more likely to follow instructions that required object manipulation when only relevant objects were present. In Experiment 2, we evaluated whether instruction following would be less likely if the same object set was associated with multiple instructions, and found this to be the case for 2 of 2 subjects. Findings highlight the need to train instruction following under different conditions to ensure that responding comes under stimulus control of the instructions. PMID:24127397

Sy, Jolene R; Donaldson, Jeanne M; Vollmer, Timothy R; Pizarro, Eliana

2014-01-01

7

Evaluation Techniques for Individualized Instruction: Revision and Summative Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the collection and analysis of summative data for a slide/tape self-instruction program on an introductory zoology course. Points of concern regarding curricular changes, teaching assistant training, student use, student performance evaluation, development, and revision are discussed from their unique perspectives within the summative…

Englert, DuWayne C.; And Others

1987-01-01

8

A Comprehensive Evaluation Rubric for Assessing Instructional Apps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a pressing need for an evaluation rubric that examines all aspects of educational apps designed for instructional purposes. In past decades, many rubrics have been developed for evaluating educational computer-based programs; however, rubrics designed for evaluating the instructional implications of educational apps are scarce. When an…

Lee, Cheng-Yuan; Cherner, Todd Sloan

2015-01-01

9

Evaluation of the Instructional Program, Strongsville, Ohio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An intensive study of the K-12 instructional program of the Strongsville, Ohio, City School District was conducted during the 1974-1975 school year by the Educational Research Council of America. Survey teams gathered data and developed recommendations and suggestions for strengthening each subject area within the instruction program. The mental…

1975

10

Lawson Self Evaluation Instructions Log In to Lawson  

E-print Network

. Updated 3/15/10 Page 1 of 10 #12;Lawson Self Evaluation Instructions Click "Self Employee Evaluation" · Open the Self Evaluation link o Click the "Self Employee Evaluation" link located in the Employee a Self Annual Performance Review. Click "Create" to begin a new Self Evaluation. Updated 3/15/10 Page 3

Gleeson, Joseph G.

11

Computer Technology in Curriculum and Instruction Handbook. Courseware Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to provide Washington State educators with information on the evaluation of computer software or courseware, this booklet includes brief sections on general criteria for evaluating instructional materials, general criteria for evaluating courseware, and special considerations in evaluating courseware. Such considerations include deciding…

Collins, Sue; Newman, Joan

12

Instructional product evaluation using the staged innovation design  

Microsoft Academic Search

In instructional program evaluation, pretest scores typically are compared to posttest scores, and any change is attributed\\u000a to the instructional program. Such a pretest-posttest evaluation design ignores the possible existence of threats to internal\\u000a validity. In contrast, the Staged Innovation Design makes use of an experimental and a control-replication group by not introducing\\u000a the program to all learners at once.

Norman Wagner

1984-01-01

13

Student Evaluation of Instruction: A Validity Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of student ratings of college instructors has steadily increased, with an attendant increase in the use of these student ratings in decision-making related to merit increases, promotion, tenure, and institutional severance. While a substantial body of research on student rating of instruction exists, the ambiguous or actually conflicting…

Pezzullo, Thomas R.; And Others

14

Program Evaluation: Where Instruction and School Business Meet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about program evaluation, a strategy commonly used by instructional leaders that can help school business officials improve their budget process. As districts struggle to develop budgets in these challenging economic times, school business officials might consider turning to program evaluation for help. Program…

Ayers, Steven V.

2011-01-01

15

Evaluation Techniques for Individualized Instruction: Development and Formative Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Steps used in the formative evaluation of a project designed to incorporate self-instructional materials in an introductory zoology course included techniques which: (1) involved colleagues in the material development; (2) assessed relevant student characteristics, expectations, and evaluations; and (3) were used in the examinations. (MBR)

Bedient, Douglas; And Others

1986-01-01

16

Project for the Evaluation of Noncollegiate Sponsored Instruction. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Project for the Evaluation of Noncollegiate Sponsored Instruction (PENSI) was designed to: (1) develop and validate a model for the evaluation of educational and training programs found in business and industry, joint apprenticeships, state agencies, or Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) facilities; (2) identify counseling…

Moscowitz, John E.; Eveslage, Sonja A.

17

Investigating Halo and Ceiling Effects in Student Evaluations of Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many measurement biases affect student evaluations of instruction (SEIs). However, two have been relatively understudied: halo effects and ceiling/floor effects. This study examined these effects in two ways. To examine the halo effect, using a videotaped lecture, we manipulated specific teacher behaviors to be "good" or "bad"…

Keeley, Jared W.; English, Taylor; Irons, Jessica; Henslee, Amber M.

2013-01-01

18

Evaluation of Three Computer-Assisted Instruction Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical report is concerned with the evaluation of three Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) Programs - The Drill-and practice Program in Elementary School Mathematics, The Brentwood Tutorial Mathematics Program, and the Russian Program. Among the results reported were (1) the drill-and-practice mathematics program used in Mississippi and…

Suppes, Patrick; Morningstar, Mona

19

Toward Evaluating Computer Aided Instruction: Attitudes, Demographics, Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is argued that there are three critical aspects to the evaluation of computer aided instruction (CAI): (1) determining the predisposition of users toward CAI; (2) technographics and demographics of the students; and (3) the situatedness of the CAI application. Data from three studies with college students illustrate the importance of all three…

Hullet, Craig R.; Mitra, Ananda

1997-01-01

20

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 121,184 surveys were sent out in (5,346) envelopes; 78,310 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 96%. The response rate for the survey was 65%. The…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2011

2011-01-01

21

Norming of Student Evaluations of Instruction: Impact of Noninstructional Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student Evaluations of Instruction (SEIs) from about 6,000 sections over 4 years representing over 100,000 students at the college of business at a large public university are analyzed, to study the impact of noninstructional factors on student ratings. Administrative factors like semester, time of day, location, and instructor attributes like…

Nargundkar, Satish; Shrikhande, Milind

2014-01-01

22

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 96,255 surveys were sent out in 5,303 envelopes; 48,602 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 51% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2007

2007-01-01

23

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 91,530 surveys were sent out in 4,980 envelopes; 58,604 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 64% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2008

2008-01-01

24

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to part-time faculty and to some full- time faculty upon request. Because of the small number of the full-time faculty surveyed, their ratings were not included in the means in this report. However individual reports for the full-time faculty members were sent to the faculty through…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2004

2004-01-01

25

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 97,984 surveys were sent out in 4,917 envelopes; 57,978 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 59% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2005

2005-01-01

26

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction: (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 96,055 surveys were sent out in 5,040 envelopes; 48,153 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 50% including late submissions. Instructor' reports were provided to…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2005

2005-01-01

27

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 95,279 surveys were sent out in 4,831 envelopes; 57,373 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 60% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2006

2006-01-01

28

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 105,192 surveys were sent out in (5,726) envelopes; 77,886 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 96%. The response rate for the survey was 74%. The…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2010

2010-01-01

29

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 90,045 surveys were sent out in 4,433 envelopes; 54,174 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 60%. Instructors' reports were provided to academic, workforce deans…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2009

2009-01-01

30

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 82,806 surveys were sent out in 4,830 envelopes; 52,464 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 63% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2008

2008-01-01

31

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 97,160 surveys were sent out in 5,320 envelopes; 60,206 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 84%. The Instructors' reports were provided to academic,…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2009

2009-01-01

32

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 96,972 surveys were sent out in 5,153 envelopes; 56,440 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 58% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2007

2007-01-01

33

Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 105,475 surveys were sent out in 5,489 envelopes; 66,790 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 81.0%. The instructors' reports were provided to academic,…

Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2010

2010-01-01

34

Performance Evaluation of the Arabic Language Multimedia Instruction: "Malaysian Perspective"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Study evaluated the effectiveness of the Arabic language multimedia products existing in Malaysian markets. For the purpose of careful investigation, this research has applied blended models of the most trusted instructional design based on the field-tested theories of the most outspoken educational psychologists such as Mayer (2002), Keller…

Faryadi, Qais

2008-01-01

35

Evaluating instructional technology implementation in a higher education environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

For decades colleges and universities have experimented with various technological innovations to deliver instruction. Although not new in higher education, use of learning technology has greatly increased in recent years (Burnaska, 1998). This increased use brings an increased need for understanding the methodologies and approaches best suited to the evaluation of learning technologies in higher education. Here we first review

Cheryl Bullock; John Ory

2000-01-01

36

Evaluating Instructional Technology Implementation in a Higher Education Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

For decades colleges and universities have experimented with various technological innovations to deliver instruction. Although not new in higher education, use of learning technology has greatly increased in recent years (Burnaska, 1998). This increased use brings an increased need for understanding the methodologies and approaches best suited to the evaluation of learning technologies in higher education. Here we first review

Cheryl Bullock; John Ory

2000-01-01

37

Instructional Scaffolding to Improve Students’ Skills in Evaluating Clinical Literature  

PubMed Central

Objective To implement and assess the effectiveness of an activity to teach pharmacy students to critically evaluate clinical literature using instructional scaffolding and a Clinical Trial Evaluation Rubric. Design The literature evaluation activity centered on a single clinical research article and involved individual, small group, and large group instruction, with carefully structured, evidence-based scaffolds and support materials centered around 3 educational themes: (1) the reader's awareness of text organization, (2) contextual/background information and vocabulary, and (3) questioning, prompting, and self-monitoring (metacognition). Assessment Students initially read the article, scored it using the rubric, and wrote an evaluation. Students then worked individually using a worksheet to identify and define 4 to 5 vocabulary/concept knowledge gaps. They then worked in small groups and as a class to further improve their skills. Finally, they assessed the same article using the rubric and writing a second evaluation. Students’ rubric scores for the article decreased significantly from a mean pre-activity score of 76.7% to a post-activity score of 61.7%, indicating that their skills in identifying weaknesses in the article's study design had improved. Conclusion Use of instructional scaffolding in the form of vocabulary supports and the Clinical Trial Evaluation Rubric improved students’ ability to critically evaluate a clinical study compared to lecture-based coursework alone. PMID:21769138

Dominguez, Karen D.; Troutman, William G.; Bond, Rucha; Cone, Catherine

2011-01-01

38

34 CFR 300.302 - Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...instructional purposes is not evaluation. 300.302 Section 300...CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations...Education Programs, and Educational Placements Evaluations and Reevaluations §...

2011-07-01

39

34 CFR 300.302 - Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...instructional purposes is not evaluation. 300.302 Section 300...CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations...Education Programs, and Educational Placements Evaluations and Reevaluations §...

2010-07-01

40

Evaluating College Science and Mathematics Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper reports evaluative data on five courses that have taken part in a curriculum reform effort called the Arizona Collaborative for Excellence in the Preparation of Teachers. Primarily through summer faculty workshops, teaching reforms advocated by

Anton Lawson

2002-03-01

41

Evaluating the effectiveness of case method instruction in technical communication  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The effectiveness of the case method as an instructional technique in improving technical writing was evaluated. The development of a self-report instrument that attempts to measure changes in attitude toward technical communication and the presentation results change are the purpose of this paper. Standards for developing a case set forth by Goldstein and Couture, were used to design an evaluation instrument to measure the effect instruction on student attitude toward technical communication. This self-report instrument is based on model developed and tested by Daly and Miller who studied writer attitude and apprehension toward writing. It was the most important objective of any evaluation is to provide information for improving the program.

Feinberg, S. G.

1981-01-01

42

Overview of the Visual Arts Curriculum, and Its Relationship with Evaluation and Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation and instruction play very important roles in curriculum implementation. As a result, the two concepts are often enshrined in the curriculum document. This article therefore examined the Visual Arts curriculum and its relationship with evaluation and instruction. Furthermore, the roles of Evaluation and Instruction in curriculum planning…

Imonikebe, Manasseh Emamoke

2013-01-01

43

An evaluation of statistical software for research and instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of microcomputer statistics packages were evaluated. The packages were compared on a number of dimensions, including\\u000a error handling, documentation, statistical capability, and accuracy. Results indicated that there are some very good packages\\u000a available both for instruction and for analyzing research data. In general, the microcomputer packages were easier to learn\\u000a and to use than were mainframe packages. Furthermore,

Darrell L. Butler; Douglas B. Eamon

1985-01-01

44

ASPIRE: Analysis and Synthesis for Planning, Implementation, Redesign, and Evaluation. A Model for Instructional Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One result of the increased size and complexity of instructional programs is a decrease in the ability of instructional managers to effectively evaluate them. The analysis and synthesis for planning, implementation, redesign, and evaluation (ASPIRE) model for instructional management provides a conceptual framework for obtaining a comprehensive…

Millcreek Township School District, Erie, PA.

45

Evaluation of academic librarians' instructional performance: Report of a national survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some types of library instruction easily allow student learning to be assessed (i.e., the self-paced workbook and credit-bearing library instruction), but there is no generally accepted means of measuring learning gained from the typical one-shot library instruction session. Instead, evaluation of library instruction tends to focus upon attendees' perceptions of the librarian's performance. This study reports the results of a

Patrick Ragains

1997-01-01

46

Managing by Objectives through the Planning-Implementing-Evaluating (PIE) Approach to Individualizing Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the management by objectives principle as it can be usefully applied to individualizing instruction, particularly as it capitalizes on Thota's planning, implementing, and evaluating model. (RAO)

Thota, Vykuntapathi

1979-01-01

47

34 CFR 300.302 - Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation. 300.302 Section 300.302 ...EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations, Individualized...Programs, and Educational Placements Evaluations and Reevaluations § 300.302...

2013-07-01

48

34 CFR 300.302 - Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation. 300.302 Section 300.302 ...EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations, Individualized...Programs, and Educational Placements Evaluations and Reevaluations § 300.302...

2012-07-01

49

34 CFR 300.302 - Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation. 300.302 Section 300.302 ...EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Evaluations, Eligibility Determinations, Individualized...Programs, and Educational Placements Evaluations and Reevaluations § 300.302...

2014-07-01

50

The Impact of Self-Evaluation Instruction on Student Self-Evaluation, Music Performance, and Self-Evaluation Accuracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author sought to determine whether self-evaluation instruction had an impact on student self-evaluation, music performance, and self-evaluation accuracy of music performance among middle school instrumentalists. Participants (N = 211) were students at a private middle school located in a metropolitan area of a mid-Atlantic state. Students in…

Hewitt, Michael P.

2011-01-01

51

An Evaluation of Computer-Based Instruction in Microbiology  

PubMed Central

There has been a tremendous increase in the availability of computer-based instructional (CBI) materials. Some studies have shown an improvement in learning when CBI is used. However, many researchers believe the current studies are inadequate. While CBI software should be thoroughly tested by developers, as educators, we should be concerned about whether or not the CBI materials we use are improving learning in our classrooms with our students. We present an evaluation of a computer-based hypermedia tutorial that was delivered over our General Microbiology website. We found that CBI was at least as effective as text-based material. However, of all students who used CBI, only those who explored most of the site benefited from using the site. Tracking each student’s use of the CBI was critical for understanding who was learning and why. PMID:23653534

MERKEL, SUSAN M.; WALMAN, LAURA B.; LEVENTHAL, JEREMY S.

2000-01-01

52

Performance Evaluation form (PACES) Page 1 of 6 Instructions for Employees 7/14/11  

E-print Network

Performance Evaluation form (PACES) Page 1 of 6 Instructions for Employees 7/14/11 PERFORMANCE EVALUATIONS IN "PACES" Instructions for Employees Annual performance assessments are to be completed-way communication throughout the year in order to improve job understanding and promote effective job performance

New Hampshire, University of

53

Programmed Instruction Manual for a New Solar and Energy Conservation Laboratory. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A programmed instruction course was developed, consisting of fifteen experiments encompassing eleven separate pieces of equipment operational in a solar and energy conservation lab. The programmed instruction manual for the lab was evaluated and revised during a workshop. This evaluation indicated that both the lab and manual are valuable tools…

State Univ. of New York, Farmingdale. Agricultural and Technical Coll.

54

Observation of Instruction via Distance Learning: The Need for a New Evaluation Paradigm.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation of instruction via distance learning at the high school and college level offers special challenges, particularly the evaluation of one-way video--two-way audio instructional programs. The role of the teacher is radically changed and teaching strategies and course design are particularly important in a distance leaning environment.…

Malone, Bobby G.; Malm, Loren D.; Nay, Fred W.; Oliver, Brad E.; Saunders, Nancy G.; Thompson, Jay C.

55

Student Evaluation of Instruction in Higher Education: Exploring Issues of Validity and Reliability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many personnel committees at colleges and universities in the USA use student evaluation of faculty instruction to make decisions regarding tenure, promotion, merit pay or faculty professional development. This study examines the construct validity and internal consistency reliability of the student evaluation of instruction (SEI) used at a large…

Zhao, Jing; Gallant, Dorinda J.

2012-01-01

56

A Comparison of Microcomputer-Based, Computer Managed Instruction (CMI) Software Programs (with an Evaluation Form).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses design and evaluation issues relating to computer managed instruction (CMI). Major functions described include establishing identification database, processing performance data, report formulation, and utility functions. Evaluation issues discussed include customized versus generic CMI, user-friendliness, documentation, data entry…

Gorth, William Phillip; Nassif, Paula M.

1984-01-01

57

Using Anchored Instruction to Evaluate Mathematical Growth and Understanding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anchored instruction is designed to present problems in a meaningful context to allow for investigations into real life environments. The Jasper Project was created to allow students to investigate mathematical dilemmas using anchored instruction techniques. This study uses case study methods to examine the perceptions that preservice teachers…

Kurz, Terri L.; Batarelo, Ivana

2005-01-01

58

An Evaluation of Programmed Treatment-integrity Errors during Discrete-trial Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the effects of programmed treatment-integrity errors on skill acquisition for children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during discrete-trial instruction (DTI). In Study 1, we identified common treatment-integrity errors that occur during academic instruction in schools. In Study 2, we simultaneously manipulated 3…

Carroll, Regina A.; Kodak, Tiffany; Fisher, Wayne W.

2013-01-01

59

Exceptional Children Conference Papers: The Use and Evaluation of Instructional Technology in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of ten papers selected from those presented at the Special Conference on Instructional Technology (San Antonio, Texas, December 1-4, 1970) consider the use and evaluation of instructional technology in the classroom. Papers examine such areas as stimulation of the learning process through technology, the use of the paraprofessional as…

Council for Exceptional Children, Arlington, VA.

60

An Evaluation of Factors That Influence Children's Instruction Following  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behavior that resembles instruction following might sometimes be under stimulus control of extraneous variables. We evaluated the effects of some of these variables (i.e., presence of relevant objects, associations between instructions and object sets) with 3 children with intellectual disabilities. In Experiment 1, we assessed whether subjects…

Sy, Jolene R.; Donaldson, Jeanne M.; Vollmer, Timothy R.; Pizarro, Eliana

2014-01-01

61

Page 1 of 10 PeopleAdmin Performance Evaluation Instructions for Employees  

E-print Network

Page 1 of 10 PeopleAdmin Performance Evaluation Instructions for Employees Getting Started One can access the PeopleAdmin site for Performance Evaluations on the HR site under PeopleAdmin Resources when you are evaluating your employees. #12;Page 3 of 10 Evaluation Process: Evaluation Manager- Starts

Hutcheon, James M.

62

Lawson Verification of Employee Evaluation Acknowledgment Instructions Log In to Lawson  

E-print Network

­ The reviewer is still working on the evaluation. · Sent to Employee ­ The evaluator has sent the evaluation to the employee for review and acknowledgment. - 9: Action ­ click "Edit" to view or change the evaluation. DoLawson Verification of Employee Evaluation Acknowledgment Instructions · Log In to Lawson o Lawson

Gleeson, Joseph G.

63

Assessment of a Model for the Evaluation of Professional Non-Instruction Staff in Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to help improve the evaluation system for school counselors and school psychologists, or non-instructional, certified staff (NICS). A mixed methodology approach was used to describe the existing evaluation system used to evaluate NICS; to develop a new system of evaluation based on recent research; and to determine…

Hlavaty, Erica A.

2013-01-01

64

Performance Evaluations Page 1 of 7 7/14/11 Instructions for Managers/Supervisors  

E-print Network

Reviewer" is the person who may want to review the evaluation before being it's reviewed with the employee that the Evaluation Supervisor and Reviewer have conducted. #12;Performance Evaluations Page 2 of 7 7Performance Evaluations Page 1 of 7 7/14/11 Instructions for Managers/Supervisors PERFORMANCE

New Hampshire, University of

65

Lawson Review Self and Peer Evaluation Instructions Log In to Lawson  

E-print Network

Evaluation Instructions · Find the employee whose peer and self evaluations you want to review. o Type all" to review each individual self or peer evaluation for a given employee. Employees MUST be attached to you in HRSMGR in order for you to review their self/peer evaluations. o Definitions: - 1: Employee ID­ you can

Gleeson, Joseph G.

66

Observation of Instruction via Distance Learning: The Need for a New Evaluation Paradigm.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a case for the development of new criteria for evaluating distance-learning instruction. Discusses elements of effective teaching and possible adaptations of those elements with regard to distance-learning situations. Contains 38 references. (SV)

Malone, Bobby G.; Malm, Loren D.; Nay, Fred W.; Oliver, Brad E.; Saunders, Nancy G.; Thompson, Jay C., Jr.

1998-01-01

67

Teacher's Toolkit: Promoting and supporting scientific argumentation in the classroom--The evaluate-alternatives instructional model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes an instructional model that science teachers can use to promote and support student engagement in scientific argumentation. This model is called the evaluate-alternatives instructional model and it is grounded in current research on

Jonathon Grooms

2009-09-01

68

Standards for Evaluation of Instructional Materials with Respect to Social Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this document is to provide reasonable, systematic standards for evaluation of instructional materials upon which evaluators may base their judgments, so that the results of the evaluation process will be as nearly consistent and therefore, as equitable, as possible. The guidelines are based on the social content requirements of the…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Curriculum Framework and Instructional Materials Unit.

69

The Design and Development of an Evaluation System for Online Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the conceptualization and development of an evaluation system that can be used to monitor and evaluate online instructional efforts. The evaluation system addresses concerns of both program administrators and course instructors. Computer technology is used to provide partial automation to reduce respondent burden and to…

Wentling, Tim L.; Johnson, Scott D.

70

Comparison of Online and Classroom-Based Student Evaluations of Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, colleges have been moving from traditional, classroom-based student evaluations of instruction to online evaluations. Because of the importance of these evaluations in decisions regarding retention, promotion and tenure, instructors are justifiably concerned about how this trend might affect their ratings. We recruited faculty…

Stowell, Jeffrey R.; Addison, William E.; Smith, Jennifer L.

2012-01-01

71

If Teaching is Important...The Evaluation of Instruction in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined is the critical issue of the quality of teaching and learning in postsecondary education. Written by nine experts in the evaluation of instruction, the book asks the questions: Should university teachers be evaluated?; If so, with what goals in mind and by what methods should they be judged?; What are the effects of teacher evaluation on…

Knapper, Christopher K., Ed.; And Others

72

Evaluation of simSchool: An Instructional Simulation for Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses theory-based design principles to evaluate the effectiveness of an instructional simulation, simSchool. It begins by examining the simulation and evaluation literature, followed by an evaluation of the simSchool software. It is a Web-based simulation designed to emulate various students (reactions) in order to provide practice for…

Deale, Deb; Pastore, Ray

2014-01-01

73

Experimental Evaluation of an Instructional Supporting Tool in Distance Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a controlled experiment concerning the use of a learning aid during an open and distance learning (ODL) course. The core issue of investigation is whether this instructional aid can support, guide, and scaffold the distant student in his/her study. For this purpose, a controlled experiment was conducted with the participation…

Karoulis, Athanasis; Stamelos, Ioannis; Angelis, Lefteris

2008-01-01

74

A Pre-Posttest Evaluation of Livestock Management Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Iowa high schools using instructional materials on total quality management (TQM) livestock practices, 1,099 students (68%) responded to a survey; 732 in a one-year follow-up. Females rated their use of TQM practices higher; 10th and 11th graders had higher ratings than 12th graders. Difficulties in survey administration suggested that…

Gamon, Julia A.; Shih, Ching-Chun; Wu, Chia-Hsing

1997-01-01

75

Typical Faculty Concerns About Student Evaluation of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven typical faculty concerns about the appropriateness of using ratings of instructor and instruction are examined. These are summarized in terms of common observations frequently expressed by faculty: (1) Students cannot make consistent judgments because of their immaturity, lack of experience, and capriciousness; and a widely held belief is…

Aleamoni, Lawrence M.

76

Preschoolers' Compliance with Simple Instructions: A Descriptive and Experimental Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Compliance" is often used to describe a situation in which a child completes instructions from adults, and low levels of compliance are a common teacher concern. We conducted a descriptive assessment that showed that compliance was relatively stable for individual children, variable across children, and positively correlated with age. The impact…

Stephenson, Kasey M.; Hanley, Gregory P.

2010-01-01

77

Claims about the Reliability of Student Evaluations of Instruction: The Ecological Fallacy Rides Again  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vast majority of the research on student evaluation of instruction has assessed the reliability of groups of courses and yielded either a single reliability coefficient for the entire group, or grouped reliability coefficients for each student evaluation of teaching (SET) item. This manuscript argues that these practices constitute a form of…

Morley, Donald D.

2012-01-01

78

Evaluating Effective Teaching in College Level Economics Using Student Ratings of Instruction: A Factor Analytic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the factors that affect students' evaluation of economic instruction using a sample of 1300 completed rating instruments at a comprehensive four-year mid-western public university. The study uses factor analysis to determine the validity and reliability of the evaluation instrument in assessing instructor or course…

Agbetsiafa, Douglas

2010-01-01

79

Rationale and Use of Content-Relevant Achievement Tests for the Evaluation of Instructional Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problems in current course evaluation methods are discussed and an alternative method is described for the construction, analysis, and interpretation of a test to evaluate instructional programs. The method presented represents a different approach to the traditional overreliance on standardized achievement tests and the total scores they provide.…

Patalino, Marianne

80

Toolkit for Evaluating Alignment of Instructional and Assessment Materials to the Common Core State Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In joint partnership, Achieve, The Council of Chief State School Officers, and Student Achievement Partners have developed a Toolkit for Evaluating the Alignment of Instructional and Assessment Materials to the Common Core State Standards. The Toolkit is a set of interrelated, freely available instruments for evaluating alignment to the CCSS; each…

Achieve, Inc., 2014

2014-01-01

81

An Evaluation of Preference for Mode of Instruction Following Variations in Response Effort  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study evaluated preference for mode of instruction (i.e., visual or vocal) for four children diagnosed with a language-based learning disability. Each participant was an elementary student who was initially referred to a neuropsychology clinic specializing in learning disabilities. As a part of the evaluation, measures of each…

Romani, Patrick W.; McCoy, Thomasin E.; Wacker, David P.; Padilla-Dalmau, Yaniz C.

2014-01-01

82

Evaluations that Respond: Prescription, Application, and Implications of Responsive Evaluation Theory for Community College Instructional Support Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines two community college instructional support programs to explore the effectiveness of an evaluation model--responsive evaluation theory--that may ease the tensions between a concern over programs' processes and reporting requirements for program outcomes. The study uses a comparative qualitative case study design and applies…

Durdella, Nathan R.

2010-01-01

83

Enhancing Field Instruction in Child Welfare: Evaluation of a Training Program to Promote Quality Field Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Field placements in child welfare are generally recognized as a recruitment tool for professional social workers. However, little attention has been given to improving these placements in an effort to enhance recruitment. This study evaluates a comprehensive professional development curriculum for child welfare practitioners that is designed to provide participants with the knowledge and skills necessary to provide quality field

Alan J. Dettlaff

2008-01-01

84

An Evaluation of Video Modeling with Embedded Instructions to Teach Implementation of Stimulus Preference Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multiple baseline design across participants was used to evaluate the effects of video modeling with embedded instructions on training teachers to implement 3 preference assessments. Each assessment was conducted with a confederate learner or a child with autism during generalization probes. All teachers met the predetermined mastery criterion,…

Rosales, Rocío; Gongola, Leah; Homlitas, Christa

2015-01-01

85

A Preliminary Evaluation of Instructional Effectiveness of Online Training Implemented at a Government Agency in Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online training has become popular in the professional development of government employees in Thailand. One large government agency developed an online program to provide training to its employees across the country using two systems: an Internet and Intranet-based system. With the new program implemented, the evaluation of the instructional

Supanakorn-Davila, Supawan; Bolliger, Doris U.

2012-01-01

86

A preliminary evaluation of instructional effectiveness of online training implemented at a government agency in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online training has become popular in the professional development of government employees in Thailand. One large government agency developed an online program to provide training to its employees across the country using two systems: an Internet and Intranet-based system. With the new program implemented, the evaluation of the instructional effectiveness of the program was necessary. This study aimed to examine

Supawan Supanakorn-Davila; Doris U. Bolliger

2012-01-01

87

Evaluation of Individualized Instruction for Welders-HT [Hull Technician]"A" School, San Diego.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A preliminary evaluation is made of an individualized training program for fuel gas and arc welding at Hull Technician Class A School, San Diego. Individualized instruction differed from former training procedures in that students were able to select the content, rate, and method most appropriate to their learning experience. Subjects were 184…

Safarjan, William R.; Abrams, Macy L.

88

Segmentation Techniques for Expanding a Library Instruction Market: Evaluating and Brainstorming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a two-part segmentation technique applied to an instruction program for an academic library during a strategic planning process. Discusses a brainstorming technique used to create a list of existing and potential audiences, and then describes a follow-up review session that evaluated the past years' efforts. (Author/LRW)

Warren, Rebecca; Hayes, Sherman; Gunter, Donna

2001-01-01

89

Evaluation of the Veterans' Cost-of-Instruction Program. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives of the Veterans' Cost-of-Instruction Program (VCIP) evaluation were: (1) to develop profiles describing institutional services for veterans, the Office of Veterans' Affairs (OVA), and demographic characteristics; (2) to identify differences and similarities in institutions' veteran assistance programs; (3) to describe the degree to…

French, Arthur M.; And Others

90

Evaluating the Cisco Networking Academy Program's Instructional Model against Bloom's Taxonomy for the  

E-print Network

Evaluating the Cisco Networking Academy Program's Instructional Model against Bloom's Taxonomy the use of Bloom's learning taxonomy to help address this lack of theoretical basis. The paper further's taxonomy. Keywords: Information Security Education, Bloom's Taxonomy, Blended Learning, E-learning 1

Boyer, Edmond

91

Title VII--Individualized Bilingual Instructional System. Final Evaluation Report, 1978-1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an evaluation of a Title VII bilingual education program carried out for Spanish speaking students in grades K-5 at Public School 155 (P.S. 155), Brooklyn, New York. A brief background of Title VII legislation is given. Instructional goals, staff development, parent involvement, and the development of a bilingual curriculum are listed as…

Benedict, Annette

92

Solutions for Overconfidence: Evaluation of an Instructional Module for Counselor Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overconfidence in clinical judgment is a common problem among counselors that undermines the validity of the counselors' assessments and, by implication, the quality of client services. The authors evaluated an instructional module designed to reduce overconfidence among counselor trainees who completed an assessment task that exposed them to some…

Smith, J. David; Agate, Jeffrey

2004-01-01

93

Developing and Evaluating an Interactive Multimedia Instructional Tool: Learning Outcomes and User Experiences of Optometry Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed an interactive multimedia-based software program for Optics instruction, which was expected to overcome the imperfection of traditional optical labs. The researcher evaluated the effectiveness of the program through an experimental study that compared the learning outcomes of the students who used and did not use the software.…

Wang, Ling

2008-01-01

94

A Moderate Constructivist E-Learning Instructional Model Evaluated on Computer Specialists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a novel instructional model for e-learning and an evaluation study to determine the effectiveness of this model for teaching Java language programming to information technology specialists working for the Spanish Public Administration. This is a general-purpose model that combines objectivist and constructivist learning…

Alonso, Fernando; Manrique, Daniel; Vines, Jose M.

2009-01-01

95

A Summative Evaluation of Computer Assisted Instruction in U. S. Army Basic Electronics Training. Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented in this report is an extension of the feasibility and follow-up studies on computer-assisted instruction (CAI) in the U.S. Army's Basic Electronic Training Course. The report is oriented toward demonstrating the viability of CAI coping with a large block (102 hours) of material under real-time training conditions. This evaluation is a…

Longo, Alexander A.

96

Sight Word Instruction for Students with Autism: An Evaluation of the Evidence Base  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the evidence on sight word instruction as a method of teaching students with autism and significant cognitive and verbal limitations to read printed words. Nine single-subject studies were rated using Reichow et al.'s ("J Autism Dev Disord" 38:1311-1319, 2008) evaluative method for identifying evidence-based practice, and…

Spector, Janet E.

2011-01-01

97

From Student Evaluations to Teacher Performance: A Study of Piano Class Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to evaluate instruction in individually mentored piano classes in nursery and kindergarten teacher training programmes. Questionnaires were developed and administered to piano class students; using the resulting data, relationships among the variables that affect student's satisfaction with piano classes and their…

Iwaguchi, Setsuko

2012-01-01

98

Evaluation of a Computer-Assisted Instructional Component in a College-Level Nutrition Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) in nutrition education was evaluated by determining if a CAI program designed to reinforce class lectures and available on disks and the university network was associated with higher cognitive achievement test scores. Students’ opinions concerning the helpfulness, advantages, and disadvantages of such a program were also assessed. Our CAI program was available to 243

Lyndon B. Carew; Valerie M. Chamberlain; Frances A. Alster

1997-01-01

99

Criteria for Evaluation of Community College Instructional Deans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impetus for the development of criteria for the evaluation of academic deans should come from an interest in improved administrative performance rather than from political motivations. Merging faculty expectations with the criteria identified in the literature results in four areas in which deans should be evaluated: (1) knowledge of laws and…

Harada, Myra

100

Usability and Instructional Design Heuristics for E-Learning Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Heuristic evaluation is a methodology for investigating the usability of software originally developed by Nielsen (1993, 2000). Nielsen's protocol was modified and refined for evaluating e-learning programs by participants in a doctoral seminar held at the University of Georgia in 2001. The modifications primarily involved expanding Nielsen's…

Reeves, Thomas C.; Benson, Lisa; Elliott, Dean; Grant, Michael; Holschuh, Doug; Kim, Beaumie; Kim, Hyeonjin; Lauber, Erick; Loh, Sebastian

101

Sight word instruction for students with autism: an evaluation of the evidence base.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the evidence on sight word instruction as a method of teaching students with autism and significant cognitive and verbal limitations to read printed words. Nine single-subject studies were rated using Reichow et al.'s (J Autism Dev Disord 38:1311-1319, 2008) evaluative method for identifying evidence-based practice, and studies with at least adequate methodology were analyzed to identify common intervention features. Results yielded evidence in support of a massed trials approach featuring student response to a succession of items, differential positive reinforcement, systematic prompting, and use of visual supports. Across studies, students learned to identify printed words, even those with limited oral language and no prior reading instruction. However, no studies addressed the effects of sight word instruction on broad literacy outcomes. PMID:21184159

Spector, Janet E

2011-10-01

102

Service learning in an occupation-based curriculum: student commentary.  

PubMed

Recent trends toward occupation-based practice and the move toward masters-level occupational therapy (OT) education has forced OT educators to reevaluate their programs to meet the needs of the contemporary health care environment. Service learning is one way to bridge the gap between theory and practice. The Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT) Program at Cleveland State University (CSU), in keeping with its focus on occupation, incorporates three service-learning components into its curriculum. This paper, written by a second-year MOT student at CSU, discusses two of these experiences in depth. The first, which took place at a homeless shelter, included both a didactic and "clinical" component, with an emphasis on community-based mental health OT services. The second, which included a training component and a structured program, involved co-leading after-school social-emotional learning groups for low-income urban youth. Both experiences served to expand the clinical skills and reasoning of the MOT students while introducing both the students and agencies to the role of OT in non-traditional community settings. Based on these experiences, the author highly recommends that all masters-level OT programs should, if they have not done so already, institute service learning as a core component of their curricula, in order to prepare their students for contemporary OT practice. PMID:23926969

Raiz, Adele

2007-01-01

103

Evaluating Texts for Graphical Literacy Instruction: The Graphic Rating Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we present the Graphical Rating Tool (GRT), which is designed to evaluate the graphical devices that are commonly found in content-area, non-fiction texts, in order to identify books that are well suited for teaching about those devices. We also present a "best of" list of science and social studies books, which includes…

Roberts, Kathryn L.; Brugar, Kristy A.; Norman, Rebecca R.

2015-01-01

104

2013-14 Administrative / Athletics / Research Faculty Performance Evaluation Instructions  

E-print Network

appropriate to specific jobs should have been created by the evaluator when the performance plan standards and can be seen easily by others ­ makes significant contributions well beyond base job responsibilities. Exceeds Expectations ­ Performance that clearly and consistently is above expectations in major job

105

Instructional Technology Professional Development Evaluation: Developing a High Quality Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The literature contains very few studies that focused on evaluating the impact of professional development activities on student learning. And, many of these studies failed to determine whether the professional development activities met their primary goal--to improve the learning process. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use…

Gaytan, Jorge A.; McEwen, Beryl C.

2010-01-01

106

Adaptation of Curriculum, Instructional Methods, and Materials Component, Instructional Assistant Program 1990-91. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Funded through the Ohio Disadvantaged Pupil Program Fund, the Instructional Assistant Program of the Columbus, Ohio public schools provided direct instructional service to selected pupils in the classroom setting. The program was located in 60 buildings, with an equivalent of 147 assistants serving 202 teachers and 2048 pupils in kindergarten and…

Johnson, Jessie

107

Instructional Tools in Educational Measurement and Statistics (ITEMS) for School Personnel: Evaluation of Three Web-Based Training Modules  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current No Child Left Behind era, K-12 teachers and principals are expected to have a sophisticated understanding of standardized test results, use them to improve instruction, and communicate them to others. The goal of our project, funded by the National Science Foundation, was to develop and evaluate three Web-based instructional modules…

Zwick, Rebecca; Sklar, Jeffrey C.; Wakefield, Graham; Hamilton, Cris; Norman, Alex; Folsom, Douglas

2008-01-01

108

Sight Word Instruction for Students with Autism: An Evaluation of the Evidence Base  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the evidence on sight word instruction as a method of teaching students with autism and significant cognitive\\u000a and verbal limitations to read printed words. Nine single-subject studies were rated using Reichow et al.’s (J Autism Dev\\u000a Disord 38:1311–1319, 2008) evaluative method for identifying evidence-based practice, and studies with at least adequate methodology were analyzed\\u000a to identify common

Janet E. Spector

109

Evaluation of Instructional Model Applied to Functional Math. Project on Effective Computer Instruction for Effective Special Education, Prince George's County Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated an instructional model entitled "Integrating Computer Software into the Functional Mathematics Curriculum: A Diagnostic Approach," which was intended to prepare middle-school special education students for the Maryland Functional Mathematics Test. The model consisted of eight major components: pretests/posttests, diagnostic…

Malouf, David B.; And Others

110

Measuring Spontaneous and Instructed Evaluation Processes during Web Search: Integrating Concurrent Thinking-Aloud Protocols and Eye-Tracking Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web searching for complex information requires to appropriately evaluating diverse sources of information. Information science studies identified different criteria applied by searchers to evaluate Web information. However, the explicit evaluation instructions used in these studies might have resulted in a distortion of spontaneous evaluation

Gerjets, Peter; Kammerer, Yvonne; Werner, Benita

2011-01-01

111

CLT SUPERVISOR'S EVALUATION INSTRUCTIONS Pursuant to Article 18.3 of the Professional Staff Congress/CUNY Agreement, preferably once  

E-print Network

be reviewed. Please note that no parties other than the evaluator and the employee are permitted to attend in the employee's personnel file. #12;CLT SERIES ANNUAL EVALUATION STAFF MEMBER'S NAME: DEPT.: EVALUATIONCLT SUPERVISOR'S EVALUATION INSTRUCTIONS Pursuant to Article 18.3 of the Professional Staff

Qiu, Weigang

112

Evaluation of best practices in the design of online evidence-based practice instructional modules*  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The research determined to what extent best practices are being followed by freely available online modules aimed at teaching critical thinking and evidence-based practices (EBPs) in health sciences fields. Methods: In phase I, an evaluation rubric was created after reviewing the literature. Individual rubric questions were assigned point values and grouped into sections, and the sections weighted. Phase II involved searching Internet platforms to locate online EBP modules, which were screened to determine if they met predetermined criteria for inclusion. Phase III comprised a first evaluation, in which two authors assessed each module, followed by a second evaluation of the top-scoring modules by five representatives from different health sciences units. Results: The rubric's 28 questions were categorized into 4 sections: content, design, interactivity, and usability. After retrieving 170 online modules and closely screening 91, 42 were in the first evaluation and 8 modules were in the second evaluation. Modules in the first evaluation earned, on average, 59% of available points; modules in the second earned an average of 68%. Both evaluations had a moderate level of inter-rater reliability. Conclusions: The rubric was effective and reliable in evaluating the modules. Most modules followed best practices for content and usability but not for design and interactivity. Implications: By systematically collecting and evaluating instructional modules, the authors found many potentially useful elements for module creation. Also, by reviewing the limitations of the evaluated modules, the authors were able to anticipate and plan ways to overcome potential issues in module design. PMID:24415917

Foster, Margaret J.; Shurtz, Suzanne; Pepper, Catherine

2014-01-01

113

An evaluation of the use of microcomputer-based laboratory instruction on middle school students' concept attainment and attitudes towards computer-based instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advent of instructional technology has become an integral part of the learning process, thought by many to be a vital component in the reform of science instruction. Microcomputer-Based Laboratory (MBL) is an instructional technology environment in which a computer is connected through its Universal Serial Box (USB) port or an interface (for older models) with sensors to control the experiment, collect data, and generate and interpret graphs. In this study, MBL tools and instructions were used to design an instructional program that integrated ideas in teaching thinking skills so that middle school students from varying levels of differentiated achievement could categorize and create concepts grounded on the Concept Attainment Model of teaching. Data were collected and analyzed based on the procedures of a one-group pretest-posttest experimental design and two research questions. The study provided a quantitative correlation of variables such as MBL to students' pretest-posttest total scores; pretest-posttest total scores to the levels of differentiated achievement and treatment groups. Likewise, a modified student-computer-attitude survey was administered to evaluate students' attitude toward the use of computer technologies. The research findings revealed a 9.1% increase in test scores in the three concepts of investigation; multiple increases in test scores in the three levels of differentiated achievement (22.2% for regular science group, 6.2% for accelerated science group students, and 1% for sheltered science group); and 11.1% mean difference between the MHL group and traditional laboratory group. Simultaneously, participants showed a positive significance of 77% feeling of comfort and confidence towards the use of computer technologies. Eventually, the great potential of MBL technology could play an important role in the reform of science education in the schools of the second largest Unified School District in the country today.

Osio, Sergio Albina

114

Effectiveness of Occupation-Based Interventions to Improve Areas of Occupation and Social Participation After Stroke: An Evidence-Based Review  

PubMed Central

This evidence-based review examined the evidence supporting the use of occupation-based interventions to improve areas of occupation and social participation poststroke. A total of 39 studies met the inclusion criteria and were critically evaluated. Most of the literature targeted activity of daily living (ADL)–based interventions and collectively provided strong evidence for the use of occupation-based interventions to improve ADL performance. The evidence related to instrumental ADLs was much more disparate, with limited evidence to support the use of virtual reality interventions and emerging evidence to support driver education programs to improve occupational performance poststroke. Only 6 studies addressed leisure, social participation, or rest and sleep, with sufficient evidence to support only leisure-based interventions. The implications of this review for research, education, and practice in occupational therapy are also discussed. PMID:25553745

Chuh, Adrianna; Floyd, Tracy; McInnis, Karen; Williams, Elizabeth

2015-01-01

115

A Comparative Evaluation of Computer Based and Non-Computer Based Instructional Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the computer assisted instruction (CAI) tutorial with its non-computerized pedagogical roots: the Socratic Dialog with Skinner's Programmed Instruction. Tests the effectiveness of a CAI tutorial on diffusion and osmosis against four other interactive and non-interactive instructional strategies. Notes computer based strategies were…

Emerson, Ian

1988-01-01

116

Development and Formative Evaluation of Multimedia Case Studies for Instructional Design and Technology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the development of three case studies that included a combination of multimedia production and instructional design skills within a particular setting. These case studies incorporated real-life incidents from 47 professional instructional designers. These instructional designers described a total of 146 activities involving…

Sugar, William

2014-01-01

117

Developing and Evaluating Library Research Skills in Education: A Model for Course-Integrated Bibliographic Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the pilot project of library research instruction introduced at Lake Forest College. The project focuses on faculty-centered library research instruction whereby faculty in the Department of Education and instruction librarians design library experiences that are integrated into required course assignments. The program began with a preliminary investigation of background materials, was supplemented with the development of search

Mark J. Tierno; Joann H. Lee

1983-01-01

118

Adaptive and occupancy-based channel selection for unreliable cognitive radio  

E-print Network

Adaptive and occupancy-based channel selection for unreliable cognitive radio networks M. H's wireless networks, radio spectrum is used inefficiently. To counter this issue, Cognitive Radio Networks (CRNs) are designed to allow cognitive radio (CR) nodes (i) utilizing free parts of unlicensed spectrum

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

119

To See and Be Seen: Exploring Layers of Instructional Leadership and Supervision in the Enactment of a District-wide Teacher Evaluation Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation analyzes instructional leadership and evaluation protocols from a large, diverse district in the Southeastern United States in order to investigate layers of accountability and tensions created when principals are asked to fill the dual roles of both instructional leader and supervisor in a newly implemented teacher evaluation system reform. For this dissertation I investigate the role of the

Jenifer E. Neale

2011-01-01

120

To See and Be Seen: Exploring Layers of Instructional Leadership and Supervision in the Enactment of a District-Wide Teacher Evaluation Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation analyzes instructional leadership and evaluation protocols from a large, diverse district in the Southeastern United States in order to investigate layers of accountability and tensions created when principals are asked to fill the dual roles of both instructional leader and supervisor in a newly implemented teacher evaluation

Neale, Jenifer

2011-01-01

121

Toward the Development of a System for Instructional Evaluation: Is There Consensus regarding What Constitutes Effective Teaching?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty and students rated profiles of 100 hypothetical instructors. Findings suggest that valid systems of instructional evaluation should focus on amount of information, arousal of student interest, presentation style, and general knowledge of the field. The relative importance of content to style dimensions was slightly greater for faculty…

Marques, Todd E.; And Others

1979-01-01

122

Design, Development, and Evaluation of Visual Aids for Communicating Prescription Drug Instructions to Nonliterate Patients in Rural Cameroon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culturally sensitive visual aids designed to help convey drug information to nonliterate female adults requiring antibiotics were developed. Researchers conceptualized the messages, and a local artist produced the visual aids. Comprehension and compliance with prescription instructions were evaluated (N=78). Results and practical implications are…

Ngoh, Lucy N.; Shepherd, Marvin D.

1997-01-01

123

Understanding Acid-Base Concepts: Evaluating the Efficacy of a Senior High School Student-Centred Instructional Program in Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was a mixed quantitative-qualitative research to evaluate the efficacy of a designed student-centred instructional (DSCI) program for teaching about acids and bases. The teaching innovation was designed based on constructivist, hands-on inquiry and context-based approaches and implemented in seven 45-min lessons with a class of 36 grade…

Rahayu, Sri; Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Treagust, David F.; Kita, Masakazu; Ibnu, Suhadi

2011-01-01

124

Evaluation of Title I ESEA Projects, 1971-1972. Volume III, Instructional Practices and Student Cognitive Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this volume, ESEA Title I projects related to instructional practices and student cognitive performance, carried out in Philadelphia during 1971-1972, are evaluated. The six projects in this cluster are: Class for Mentally Retarded/Emotionally Distrubed Children; English as a Second Language; Improvement of Reading Skills (Reading Skills…

Prusso, Kenneth W.; And Others

125

Sampling and Analysis Instruction for Evaluation of Residual Chromium Contamination in the Subsurface Soil at 100-C-7  

SciTech Connect

This sampling and analysis instruction (SAI) provides the requirements for sample collection and laboratory analysis to evaluate the extent of hexavalent chromium contamination present in the soil below the 100-C-7 and 100-C-7:1 remedial action waste site excavations.

W. S. Thompson

2007-02-15

126

An Experimental Evaluation of the Instructional Effectiveness of a Student Response System: A Comparison with Constructed Overt Responding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student response systems (SRSs) are increasingly being used in the classroom. However, there have been few well-controlled experimental evaluations to determine whether students benefit academically from these instructional tools. Additionally, comparisons of SRS with other interactive methods have not often been conducted. We compared SRS,…

Knapp, F. Andrew; Desrochers, Marcie N.

2009-01-01

127

Exploring Instructional Strategies to Develop Prospective Elementary Teachers' Children's Literature Book Evaluation Skills for Science, Ecology and Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an auto-ethnographic account of the development of a children's literature book critique assignment by a science teacher educator sharing instructional dilemmas and pedagogical responses. Prospective elementary teachers enrolled in an elementary school science teaching methods course in the US selected and evaluated children's…

Hug, J. William

2010-01-01

128

Optimization of Occupancy Based Demand Controlled Ventilation in Residences  

SciTech Connect

Although it has been used for many years in commercial buildings, the application of demand controlled ventilation in residences is limited. In this study we used occupant exposure to pollutants integrated over time (referred to as 'dose') as the metric to evaluate the effectiveness and air quality implications of demand controlled ventilation in residences. We looked at air quality for two situations. The first is that typically used in ventilation standards: the exposure over a long term. The second is to look at peak exposures that are associated with time variations in ventilation rates and pollutant generation. The pollutant generation had two components: a background rate associated with the building materials and furnishings and a second component related to occupants. The demand controlled ventilation system operated at a low airflow rate when the residence was unoccupied and at a high airflow rate when occupied. We used analytical solutions to the continuity equation to determine the ventilation effectiveness and the long-term chronic dose and peak acute exposure for a representative range of occupancy periods, pollutant generation rates and airflow rates. The results of the study showed that we can optimize the demand controlled airflow rates to reduce the quantity of air used for ventilation without introducing problematic acute conditions.

Mortensen, Dorthe K.; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

2011-05-01

129

An Evaluation of the Supplemental Instruction Programme in a First Year Calculus Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Supplemental Instruction (SI) incorporates collaborative learning in small, peer-led, group settings in order to integrate instruction in learning and reasoning skills with course content. Several meta-analyses speak to the efficacy of SI but fail to address selection bias due to ability/motivation and gender. In this study, SI was paired with a…

Fayowski, V.; MacMillan, P. D.

2008-01-01

130

Dental Seniors' Evaluation of Their Curriculum and the Number of Clock Hours of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An annual national survey of dental school seniors found that most felt the amount of instruction received in most curricular areas was appropriate. In 13 of 18 curricular areas, at least 70 percent felt clock hours of instruction were appropriate. A high proportion believed geriatric dentistry and emergency treatment could receive more attention.…

Solomon, Eric S.; Whiton, John C.

1991-01-01

131

Instructional Television Materials Duplication and Distribution in Occupational Education. Summative Evaluation Report, Project 81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dearth of innovative instructional resources has been a key reason for inadequacy of learning opportunities in the New York Appalachian region, particularly in occupational education. Project 81 was formulated to organize a regional approach to the use of new instructional media materials for occupational education through increasing the…

Radlick, Michael S.; Krull, Robert

132

AN EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF SEQUENCING, PRETESTING, AND ACTIVE STUDENT RESPONSE TO THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PROGRAMMED TV INSTRUCTION. STUDIES IN TELEVISED INSTRUCTION, REPORT 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A SERIES OF EXPERIMENTS WAS CONDUCTED TO TEST THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TELEVISED INSTRUCTION. THIS STUDY, THE THIRD IN A SERIES, EXPLORED THE ROLE IN FIXED-PACE TELEVISION INSTRUCTION OF SOME OF THE TECHNIQUES AND PRACTICES EMPLOYED IN TEACHING-MACHINE INSTRUCTION. THREE SEPARATE EXPERIMENTS WERE CONDUCTED--(1) A JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LESSON ON NEWTON'S…

GROPPER, GEORGE L.; LUMSDAINE, ARTHUR A.

133

An evaluation of the use of microcomputer-based laboratory instruction on middle school students' concept attainment and attitudes towards computer-based instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advent of instructional technology has become an integral part of the learning process, thought by many to be a vital component in the reform of science instruction. Microcomputer-Based Laboratory (MBL) is an instructional technology environment in which a computer is connected through its Universal Serial Box (USB) port or an interface (for older models) with sensors to control the

Sergio Albina Osio

2002-01-01

134

Instructional Models (Part III).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes five models for instructional design, including the ASSURE Model (analyze learners, state objectives, select methods, media and materials, utilize media and materials, require learner participation, and evaluate); the Learning Cycle; Instructional Analysis Model; Integrated Model for Teaching Library Skills; and Instructional

Callison, Daniel

2002-01-01

135

Appraising the Instructional Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper the most effective use of instructional time is discussed. In evaluating the efficient use of teaching time, the following questions are examined: (1) Is the instruction process proceeding toward a perceivable objective? (2) Is the instructional objective at the right level of difficulty for the learners who are investing time? (3)…

Hunter, Madeline

136

Instructional Design: System Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended as a source for those who desire to apply a coherent system of instructional design, thereby insuring accountability. Chapter 1 covers the instructional design process, including: instructional technology; the role of evaluation; goal setting; the psychology of teaching and learning; task analysis; operational objectives;…

Ledford, Bruce R.; Sleeman, Phillip J.

137

From Legislation to Implementation: An Evaluation of the Instructional Facilities Allotment Policy  

E-print Network

Allotment I&S Interest and Sinking IFA Instructional Facilities Allotment M&O Maintenance and Operations NIFA New Instructional Facilities Allotment TEA Texas Education Agency x TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT ..???????????????????????????. ii... or not past Texas 2 state policy in the area of funding public school infrastructure has met the original legislative intents. According to the Legislative Budget Board (n.d.), and confirmed by the Department of School Facilities at TEA (G. Marshall...

Core, Brandon Heath

2013-04-24

138

cial Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction S hematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special M  

E-print Network

SMI cial Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction S hematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special M ruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics Instruction Special Mathematics In cial Mathematics

Vaswani, Namrata

139

An Instructional Development Case Study: Physical Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the instructional redesign of a physical therapy course through the stages of planning, implementation, and evaluation following a model developed by the Instructional Development Institute. (RAO)

Allen, Ruth M.; And Others

1979-01-01

140

Evaluating the Cost Effectiveness of Online and Face-to-Face Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online instruction is gaining an increasing presence due to the benefits associated with it, including the ability to consolidate education and training across geographical and time constraints, and the claim by many that online education and training is cost efficient. This paper provides a relatively concise and useful history of online learning, and a discussion of issues to be faced

Sharon Jeffcoat Bartley; Jennifer H. Golek

2004-01-01

141

Standards for Evaluation of Instructional Materials with Respect to Social Content. 1986 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California Legislature recognized the significant place of instructional materials in the formation of a child's attitudes and beliefs when it adopted "Educational Code" sections 60040 through 60044. The "Education Code" sections referred to in this document are intended to help dispel negative stereotypes by emphasizing people in diverse,…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Curriculum Framework and Textbook Development Unit.

142

A Cross-Cultural Examination of Music Instruction Analysis and Evaluation Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines whether analysis techniques of student/teacher interactions widely used throughout the United Sates could be applied to a music instruction setting in Japan by analyzing two videotaped music lessons of different teachers. Finds that teacher A, who used five times more feedback, was rated higher overall by both Japanese and U.S. students.…

Price, Harry E.; Ogawa, Yoko; Arizumi, Koji

1997-01-01

143

An Evaluation of Computer Assisted Instruction in the Merrill Library at Utah State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted for the purpose of clarifying decision alternatives concerning computer-assisted instruction (CAI) in the Merrill Library at Utah State University. The main research questions were: (1) To what extent is the CAI system in use at present? (2) What factors have encouraged or hindered CAI usage? (3) How do people feel about the…

Eastmond, J. Nicholls, Jr.

144

Promoting instructional change in new faculty: An evaluation of the physics and astronomy new faculty workshop  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An important finding of physics and astronomy education research (PAER) is that traditional, transmission-based instructional approaches are not effective in promoting meaningful student learning. Instead, PAER research suggests that physics and astronomy should be taught using more interactive instructional methods. These ways of teaching require significant changes in the way faculty think about teaching and learning and corresponding changes in their teaching behavior. Although the research base and corresponding pedagogies and strategies are well documented and widely available, widespread changes in physics and astronomy teaching at the college level has yet to occur. The Workshop for New Physics and Astronomy Faculty has been working to address this problem since 1996. This workshop, which is jointly administered by the American Association of Physics Teachers, the American Astronomical Society, and the American Physical Society, has attracted approximately 25% of all new physics and astronomy faculty each year to a four-day workshop designed to introduce new faculty to PAER-based instructional ideas and materials. This paper describes the impact of the Workshop as measured by surveys of Workshop participants and physics and astronomy department chairs. The results indicate that the Workshop is successful in meeting its goals and might be significantly contributing to the spread and acceptance of PAER-based instructional ideas and materials.

Henderson, Charles

2008-02-01

145

Evaluating Video Models of Evidence-Based Instructional Practices to Enhance Teacher Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A process was developed to create Web-based video models of effective instructional practices for use in teacher education settings. Three video models, created at three university sites, demonstrated exemplary implementation of specific, evidence-based strategies in reading, math, and science. Video models of strategies were field tested with…

Dieker, Lisa A.; Lane, Holly B.; Allsopp, David H.; O'Brien, Chris; Butler, Tyran Wright; Kyger, Maggie; Lovin, LouAnn; Fenty, Nicole S.

2009-01-01

146

Program-Fair Evaluation of Instructional Programs: Initial Results of the Kindergarten Reading Readiness Inquiry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the construction and use of a conceptual framework and procedures for a program-fair, comparative, classroom-focused assessment of 4 kindergarten reading readiness (KRR) programs in kindergarten classes of 115 school districts. Instructional program information systems were developed to provide the means to aggregate and…

Hanson, Ralph A.; And Others

147

A Review on Usability Evaluation Methods for Instructional Multimedia: An Analytical Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One common objective of instructional multimedia products is enhancement of learning. It follows that one of the primary tasks of the interface designer is the creation of a user-interface that is motivating, interactive, intuitive and at the same time imposing as minimal as possible a cognitive load on the learner. To achieve this goal, qualities…

Sing, Chai Ching; Der-Thanq, Victor Chen

2004-01-01

148

Instructing and Evaluating in Higher Education: A Guidebook for Planning Learning Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a collection of self-instructional modules for college faculty and teaching assistants. The modules address key aspects of teacher-learner interaction, including setting of course objectives, preparing lectures, conducting classroom discussions, preparing various types of tests (multiple choice, true-false, matching test items,…

McBeath, Ron J., Ed.

149

Concept Mapping as a Research Tool to Evaluate Conceptual Change Related to Instructional Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concept maps are commonly used in a variety of educational settings as a learning aid or instructional tool. Additionally, their potential as a research tool has been recognized. This article defines features of concept maps, describes the use of pre- and postconcept maps as a research tool, and offers a protocol for employing concept maps as an…

Miller, Kevin J.; Koury, Kevin A.; Fitzgerald, Gail E.; Hollingsead, Candice; Mitchem, Katherine J.; Tsai, Hui-Hsien; Park, Meeaeng Ko

2009-01-01

150

Evaluating the Evidence Base for Cognitive Strategy Instruction and Mathematical Problem Solving  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review considers both the content and methodologies of 5 single-subject and 2 group experimental design studies investigating the effects of cognitive strategy instruction on the mathematical problem solving of students with disabilities, using quality indicators proposed by Horner et al. (2005) and Gersten et al. (2005). Findings indicated…

Montague, Marjorie; Dietz, Samantha

2009-01-01

151

Computer Aided Instruction: A Study of Student Evaluations and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer aided instruction (CAI) encompasses a broad range of computer technologies that supplement the classroom learning environment and can dramatically increase a student's access to information. Criticism of CAI generally focuses on two issues: it lacks an adequate foundation in educational theory and the software is difficult to implement…

Collins, David; Deck, Alan; McCrickard, Myra

2008-01-01

152

Evaluation of Reading Skills in the Wisconsin Prototypic System of Reading Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A system designed to provide a framework for the individualization of reading instruction is discussed. The heart of the system is a mastery checklist of reading skills for each child which provides teachers with a means for discovering the specific skill needs of their students. Initially, the system depended upon individual assessment exercises…

Peterson, Joseph M.; Knight, Diana

153

Cooperative Learning Instructional Methods for CS1: Design, Implementation, and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative learning is a well-known instructional technique that has been applied with a wide variety of subject matter and a broad spectrum of populations. This article briefly reviews the principles of cooperative learning, and describes how these principles were incorporated into a comprehensive set of cooperative learning activities for a CS1…

Beck, Leland; Chizhik, Alexander

2013-01-01

154

Designing and Evaluating Research-Based Instructional Sequences for Introducing Magnetic Fields  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the didactic suitability of introducing a teaching sequence when teaching the concept of magnetic fields within introductory physics courses at the university level. This instructional sequence was designed taking into account students' common conceptions, an analysis of the course content, and the history of the development of…

Guisasola, Jenaro; Almudi, Jose Manuel; Ceberio, Mikel; Zubimendi, Jose Luis

2009-01-01

155

Evaluating Writing Instruction through an Investigation of Students' Experiences of Learning through Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning through writing is a way of learning not only the appropriate written expression of disciplinary knowledge, but also the knowledge itself through reflection and revision. This study investigates the quality of a writing experience provided to university students in a first-year biology subject. The writing instruction methodology used is…

Ellis, Robert A.; Taylor, Charlotte E.; Drury, Helen

2005-01-01

156

Microbiological assessment and evaluation of rehydration instructions on powdered infant formulas, follow-up formulas, and infant foods in Malaysia.  

PubMed

A total of 90 samples comprising powdered infant formulas (n=51), follow-up formulas (n=21), and infant foods (n=18) from 15 domestic and imported brands were purchased from various retailers in Klang Valley, Malaysia and evaluated in terms of microbiological quality and the similarity of rehydration instructions on the product label to guidelines set by the World Health Organization. Microbiological analysis included the determination of aerobic plate count (APC) and the presence of Enterobacteriaceae and Cronobacter spp. Isolates of interest were identified using ID 32E (bioMérieux France, Craponne, France). In this study, 87% of powdered infant formulas, follow-up formulas, and infant foods analyzed had an APC below the permitted level of <10(4) cfu/g. These acceptable APC ranged between <10(2) to 7.2×10(3) cfu/g. The most frequently isolated Enterobacteriaceae was Enterobacter cloacae, which was present in 3 infant formulas and 1 infant food tested. Other Enterobacteriaceae detected from powdered infant and follow-up formulas were Citrobacter spp., Klebsiella spp., and other Enterobacter spp. No Cronobacter species were found in any samples. Rehydration instructions from the product labels were collated and it was observed that none directed the use of water with a temperature >70°C for formula preparation, as specified by the 2008 revised World Health Organization guidelines. Six brands instructed the use of water at 40 to 55°C, a temperature range that would support the survival and even growth of Enterobacteriaceae. PMID:23141821

Abdullah Sani, N; Hartantyo, S H P; Forsythe, S J

2013-01-01

157

Prediction of Students' Evaluations from Brief Instances of Professors' Nonverbal Behavior in Defined Instructional Situations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the power of judges' ratings of professors' nonverbal (NV) classroom behavior in content-free brief instances\\u000a (nine seconds) to predict actual end-of-course students' ratings of teaching (SRT). Professors in 67 courses were videotaped\\u000a in 4 instructional situations: First class session; Lecturing; Interacting with students; and Talking about the course. The\\u000a overall finding was that thin slices of professors'

Elisha Babad; Dinah Avni-Babad; Robert Rosenthal

2004-01-01

158

The Construct Lesson Plan: evaluating the efficiency of a new approach to group\\/classroom instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In August 1977, this journal published an article by Danny G. Langdon entitled ‘The Construct Lesson Plan: taking the inefficiency out of group\\/classroom instruction’ (PLET, 14, 3, 199?206). Briefly stated, that article described a new approach to teaching\\/learning under which the finite amount of both class and teacher time is optimised utilising a group of instruments designed to: (a) use

Lillian Pedrick; Nancy Fergusson Tarquinio

1978-01-01

159

Evaluation of Computer-Aided Instruction in a Gross Anatomy Course: A Six-Year Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a multi-year study investigating the effectiveness of web based computer-aided instruction (CAI) and the factors affecting level of individual use. Three CAI were tested that differed in specificity of applicability to the curriculum and in the level of student interaction with the CAI. Outcomes measured include personality preferences, learning styles, and frequency of use as it correlated with exam performance.

2009-02-01

160

Individualized Instruction: Dream or Nightmare?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A learning disabilities resource teacher describes ways in which she individualized instruction through physical arrangement of the classroom, availability of materials, and instructional methods that focus on readiness, a learning station framework, and thorough record keeping and evaluation. (CL)

Kates, Carol M.

1983-01-01

161

Achieving Ecological Validity of Occupation-Based Interventions for Healthy Aging  

PubMed Central

Aim To develop a culturally sensitive occupation-based health promotion intervention for older Hispanic adults who live alone. Methods We used a mixed method design for the content validation of the intervention and the Ecological Validity Model (EVM) to culturally center the intervention. In the quantitative phase, aging experts as well as community members from two activity centers for the elderly in Puerto Rico completed a content validity ratio exercise. In the qualitative phase, we conducted three focus groups with these participants. Data analysis included content validity ratio and a directed content analysis. Results This resulted in a working version of the intervention protocol addressing the eight dimensions of the EVM. Conclusions The EVM can be used to culturally center preventive interventions to other ethnic minority groups to augment the external validity and cultural competence of interventions. Future research must test the feasibility of this new intervention. PMID:25632170

Orellano-Colón, Elsa M.; Varas-Díaz, Nelson; Bernal, Guillermo; Mountain, Gail A.

2015-01-01

162

SDSUF PR -28-0479-0 RATER Before marking this report, read your "Guide to Performance Evaluation" and the instructions on page 2.  

E-print Network

SDSUF ­PR -28-0479-0 RATER ­ Before marking this report, read your "Guide to Performance Evaluation Date SUMMARY EVALUATION Supervisory Performance PROCESSED ON SM BY NEW MERIT DATE: #12;#12;" and the instructions on page 2. REPORT OF PERFORMANCE SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION An EEO/AA Employer

Ponce, V. Miguel

163

Evaluation of the TSC Dolphin Computer Assisted Instructional System in the Chapter 1 Program of the District of Columbia Public Schools. Final Report 85-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dolphin is a computer-assisted instruction system used to teach and reinforce skills in reading, language arts, and mathematics. An evaluation of this system was conducted to provide information to TSC Division of Houghton Mifflin regarding its effectiveness and possible modifications to the system. The general design of the evaluation was to…

Harris, Carolyn DeMeyer; And Others

164

A potential pathway to the relapse of fear? Conditioned negative stimulus evaluation (but not physiological responding) resists instructed extinction.  

PubMed

Relapse of fear after successful intervention is a major problem in clinical practice. However, little is known about how it is mediated. The current study investigated the effects of instructed extinction and removal of the shock electrode on electrodermal responding (Experiment 1), fear potentiated startle (Experiment 2), and a continuous self-report measure of conditional stimulus valence (Experiments 1 and 2) in human differential fear conditioning. Instructed extinction and removal of the shock electrode resulted in the immediate reduction of differential fear potentiated startle and second interval electrodermal responding, but did not affect self-reported conditional stimulus valence. A separate sample of participants (Experiment 3) who were provided with a detailed description of the experimental scenario predicted the inverse outcome, reduced differential stimulus evaluations and continued differential physiological responding, rendering it unlikely that the current results reflect on demand characteristics. These results suggest that the negative valence acquired during fear conditioning is less sensitive to cognitive interventions than are the physiological indices of human fear learning and that valence reduction requires extended exposure training. Persisting negative valence after cognitive intervention may contribute to fear relapse after successful treatment. PMID:25658973

Luck, Camilla C; Lipp, Ottmar V

2015-03-01

165

Performance Evaluation Instruction Form (12/12/11) Page 1 of 2 The University of Tennessee  

E-print Network

The Performance Review Summary Form is designed to record the results of the employee's evaluation. During Accomplishments ­ Evaluate the employee's success in performing identified duties/areas of responsibilities. Use & Flexibility ­ Evaluate the employee's success in dealing effectively with additional responsibilities

Tennessee, University of

166

Occupancy-Based Energy Management in Buildings: Final Report to Sponsors  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), the University of California Merced (UCM), and the United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) conducted field studies and modeling analyses in the Classroom and Office Building (COB) and the Science and Engineering Building (S&E) at the University of California, Merced. In the first year, of a planned multiyear project, our goal was to study the feasibility and efficacy of occupancy-based energy management. The first-year research goals were twofold. The first was to explore the likely energy savings if we know the number and location of building occupants in a typical commercial building. The second was to model and estimate people movement in a building. Our findings suggest that a 10-14percent reduction in HVAC energy consumption is possible over typical HVAC operating conditions when we know occupancy throughout the building. With the conclusion of the first-year tasks, we plan to review these results further before this group pursues follow-on funding.

Sohn, Michael D.; Black, Douglas R.; Price, Phillip N.; Lin, Yiqing; Brahme, Rohini; Surana, Amit; Narayanan, Satish; Cerpa, Alberto; Ericson, Varick; Kamthe, Ankur

2010-07-01

167

The Development and Evaluation of a Teleprocessed Computer-Assisted Instruction Course in the Recognition of Malarial Parasites. Final Report; May 1, 1967 - June 30, 1968.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A computer-assisted instruction course in the recognition of malarial parasites was developed and evaluated. The course includes stage discrimination, species discrimination, and case histories. Segments developed use COURSEWRITER as an author language and are presented via a display terminal that permits two-way communication with an IBM computer…

Mitzel, Harold E.

168

Using a Bridging Representation and Social Interactions to Foster Conceptual Change: Designing and Evaluating an Instructional Sequence for Newton's Third Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers an account of, and findings from, an approach to designing and evaluating an instructional sequence set in the context of Newton's third law. The design of the sequence draws upon conceptual change theory and the concept of the "bridging analog" is extended to introduce the notion of a "bridging representation" Attention is also…

Savinainen, Antti; Scott, Philip; Viiri, Jouni

2005-01-01

169

Evaluation of an Intervention Instructional Program to Facilitate Understanding of Basic Particle Concepts among Students Enrolled in Several Levels of Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The efficacy of an intervention instructional program was evaluated to facilitate understanding of particle theory concepts among students (N = 190) using a diagnostic instrument consisting of eleven two-tier multiple-choice items in a pre-test--post-test design. The students involved were high school students, undergraduates and postgraduates…

Treagust, David F.; Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Zain, Ahmad N. M.; Ong, Eng Tek; Karpudewan, Mageswary; Halim, Lilia

2011-01-01

170

Attitude of Academic Staff in Nigerian Tertiary Educational Institutions to Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEI): A Case Study of Cross River State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to assess the attitude of academic staff in Nigerian tertiary educational institutions to student evaluation of instruction (SEI) and to find out the variable factors that influenced the expressed attitude of members of the academic staff, using Cross River State University as a case study. The study was a survey and so a…

Idaka, Idaka I.; Joshua, Monday T.

2009-01-01

171

Evaluation Approaches to Intelligent Computer-Assisted Instruction. Testing Study Group: The Impact of Advances in Artificial Intelligence on Test Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some special problems associated with evaluating intelligent computer-assisted instruction (ICAI) programs are addressed. This paper intends to describe alternative approaches to the assessment and improvement of such applications and to provide examples of efforts undertaken and shortfalls. Issues discussed stem chiefly from the technical demands…

Baker, Eva L.

172

"Who Has Time for This?" Negotiating Roles in Instructional Supervision and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case examines how school leaders manage the increased demands of a new state-mandated teacher evaluation process. Subject to negotiations, districts and their local teacher unions can allow for teachers to be credentialed and serve as evaluators within their own schools. The challenge is examined through both the opportunity costs of this new…

Willis, Chris; Ingle, W. Kyle

2015-01-01

173

The Evaluation of Educational Goals, Instructional Procedures and Outcomes or The Iceman Cometh.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model checklist conceptualizing the evaluation process is presented and discussed. It is quite general and is intended to apply to the evaluation of educational products, procedures and most outcomes. The Pathway Comparison Model consists of the following: (1) characterization--how generally or specifically to describe the "treatment"; (2)…

Scriven, Michael

174

An Evaluation of the Use of Self [Help] Instructional Materials in the Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study packs, videocartridges, microfiche, tape/slide sequences, and audiocassettes available at the University of Bath Library were evaluated in terms of use, costs, and user satisfaction. (Note: Page f. . .=fiche number.) (BW)

Harris, N. D. C.; Kirkhope, S.

1978-01-01

175

Improving the Instructional Supervisory Behavior of Public School Principals by Means of Time Management: Experimental Evaluation and Social Validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a report of results of an investigation in which urban public school principals received instruction from school psychology consultants in time management as a basis for increasing time spent supervising classroom and remedial teachers. Nine principals received 9 hr (three 3-hr sessions) of instruction in a three-phase time management approach: (a) time management problem analysis, (b) plan

Charles A. Maher

1986-01-01

176

The Evaluation of a Multi-Media Self-Paced Individualized Instructional System in Beginning College French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a study comparing the amount of change in the level of competence in language skills between beginning students of French in two types of instructional programs. Significant differences were found between students enrolled in regularly scheduled classes and those using a multimedia, self-paced, individualized instructional system. Students…

Harper, Jane

177

Comparing Apples to Oranges: An Evaluation of Quarter Calendar Data in the Delaware Study of Instructional Costs and Productivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four-year colleges and universities submit faculty teaching load and instructional cost data annually to the Delaware Study of Instructional Costs and Productivity. While the Delaware Study currently adjusts the calculation of annual FTE students to account for the difference in annual student credit hours (SCH) earned by students at semester and…

Walters, Allison M.

2009-01-01

178

Instructional Practices and Student Math Achievement: Correlations from a Study of Math Curricula. NCEE Evaluation Brief. NCEE 2013-4020  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief is directed to researchers and adds to the research base about instructional practices that are related to student achievement. Additional evidence on these relationships can suggest specific hypotheses for the future study of such instructional practices, which, in turn, will provide research evidence that could inform professional…

Clements, Douglas H.; Agodini, Roberto; Harris, Barbara

2013-01-01

179

The Effect of Student, Course, and Instructor Characteristics on Types of Items Used in Student Evaluation of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data were collected on 80 diverse items concerning student perceptions of teaching for a representative sample of 189 classes at a large university. The items were subdivided by type of focus into four categories: course content, objectives, and structure; instructor's behavior; instructional methods and materials; outcomes of instruction. The…

Weerts, Rita; Whitney, Douglas R.

180

Mathematics Anxiety and the Effects of Evaluative Instructions on Math Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to investigate mathematics performance as a function of anxiety, with examination for a relationship between mathematics and test anxiety and any sex differences on mathematics anxiety. The effects of evaluative stress on high and low mathematically anxious subjects was examined, and preliminary effort was made to…

Buckley, Patricia A.; Ribordy, Sheila C.

181

Evaluating a Geovisualization Prototype with Two Approaches: Remote Instructional vs. Face-to-Face Exploratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two evaluations of a prototype designed to help expert users visualize key census statistics are conducted. The results yielded are compared in terms of usability issues, task completion (interaction) and ideation facilitated. Ways in which this information may be affected by the use of different data collection techniques, participants and tasks are considered. We report differences in the results of

Stephanie Larissa Marsh; Jason Dykes; Fenia Attilakou

2006-01-01

182

Evaluation of Two Instruction Methods to Increase Employment Options for Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated the efficacy of a vocational training program including behavioral skills training, and a "performance cue system" (i.e., a proprietary iPhone application adapted for the study) to teach targeted social-vocational skills to six young adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. In two separate studies, participants were employed to assist…

Burke, Raymond V.; Andersen, Melissa N.; Bowen, Scott L.; Howard, Monica R.; Allen, Keith D.

2010-01-01

183

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Roadside Instruction in Teaching Youth with Visual Impairments Street Crossings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A single-participant multiple probe design across participants was used to evaluate the effectiveness of verbal rehearsal and graduated guidance to teach youth who were blind how to cross the street. This study replicated intervention procedures across settings along with the staggered entry of participants. Individuals learned to cross one or two…

Wright, Tessa S.; Wolery, Mark

2014-01-01

184

An Evaluation of the Use of Self Instructional Materials in the Library. Occasional Publication No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An escalation in the use of non-book materials in the library at the University of Bath created the need for an evaluation of their uses, learning efficiency, and cost effectiveness. Data were collected during 1976-1977 using observations, short and long questionnaires, free responses, group interviews with students, and cost analysis. All…

Harris, N. D. C.; Kirkhope, S.

185

Evaluating Three Programs Using a School Effectiveness Model: Direct Instruction, Target Teach, and Class Size Reduction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Value-added models, which rate schools for effectiveness while taking into account the poverty and other socioeconomic status of the students, are generating increased interest. This paper describes the use of one such model to evaluate whether school ratings changed when three new programs were introduced: the "Target Teach" curriculum alignment,…

Thompson, Bruce

2006-01-01

186

Evaluating College Science and Mathematics Instruction: A Reform Effort That Improves Teaching Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports evaluative data on five courses that have taken part in a curriculum reform effort called the Arizona Collaborative for Excellence in the Preparation of Teachers (ACEPT). Discusses the effects of those teaching reforms on substantial improvements in student achievement. Includes principles of effective teaching, reformed teaching…

Lawson, Anton; Benford, Russell; Bloom, Irene; Carlson, Marilyn; Falconer, Kathleen; Hestenes, David; Judson, Eugene; Piburn, Michael; Sawada, Daiyo; Turley, Jeff; Wyckoff, Susan

2002-01-01

187

Using Art Elicitation to Deliver and Evaluate a Grade 4 Climate Change Instructional Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report the results of a climate change module delivered to 48 Grade 3/4 students in Nova Scotia, Canada. We tested for prior knowledge and evaluated interventional effectiveness using art elicitation. Common climate change misconceptions were demonstrated in their preintervention artwork, while postintervention artwork showed improved…

Baker, Jillian; Loxton, Jason; Sherren, Kate

2013-01-01

188

Evaluating Online Instruction: Adapting a Training Model to E-Learning in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a model for the evaluation of postsecondary online distance education courses and programs. To better address the unique nature and audience for these courses and programs, and the related institutional needs for assessing their success or failure, the focus is on a model from corporate training that provides a comprehensive,…

Hallett, Karen; Essex, Christopher

189

Evaluation of two instruction methods to increase employment options for young adults with autism spectrum disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

We evaluated the efficacy of a vocational training program including behavioral skills training, and a “performance cue system” (i.e., a proprietary iPhone application adapted for the study) to teach targeted social-vocational skills to six young adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. In two separate studies, participants were employed to assist in the delivery of a fire safety education program. Participants

Raymond V. Burke; Melissa N. Andersen; Scott L. Bowen; Monica R. Howard; Keith D. Allen

2010-01-01

190

Mental Models: An Alternative Evaluation of a Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of the wide variety of approaches to ethics training it is still debatable which approach has the highest potential\\u000a to enhance professionals’ integrity. The current effort assesses a novel curriculum that focuses on metacognitive reasoning\\u000a strategies researchers use when making sense of day-to-day professional practices that have ethical implications. The evaluated\\u000a trainings effectiveness was assessed by examining five

Meagan E. Brock; Andrew Vert; Vykinta Kligyte; Ethan P. Waples; Sydney T. Sevier; Michael D. Mumford

2008-01-01

191

Evaluation of two instruction methods to increase employment options for young adults with autism spectrum disorders.  

PubMed

We evaluated the efficacy of a vocational training program including behavioral skills training, and a "performance cue system" (i.e., a proprietary iPhone application adapted for the study) to teach targeted social-vocational skills to six young adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. In two separate studies, participants were employed to assist in the delivery of a fire safety education program. Participants were asked to wear an inflatable firefighter WalkAround® mascot costume and to perform 63 scripted behaviors in coordination with a fire prevention specialist who was the lead program presenter. In Study 1, three participants were initially exposed to established company training procedures comprised of behavioral skills training components to determine whether they met mastery of the skills. If necessary to reach criteria, participants were then exposed to a performance cue system. In Study 2, three additional participants were provided with the performance cue system alone, and then behavioral skills training if required. A single case, multiple-baseline design across subjects was used to evaluate efficacy of each intervention. Results indicate that 5 of 6 participants reached criterion only after introduction of the cue system while the sixth reached criterion with behavioral skills training alone. The program received high satisfaction ratings from participants, their parents, and consumers. Implications and potential use of the PCS in other employment settings are discussed. PMID:20800988

Burke, Raymond V; Andersen, Melissa N; Bowen, Scott L; Howard, Monica R; Allen, Keith D

2010-01-01

192

Evaluation of computer-aided instruction techniques for the crew interface coordination position  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Crew Interface Coordinator (CIC) is responsible for real-time voice and procedural communication between the payload crew on the orbiter and the payload operations team on the ground. This function is dedicated to science activities and operations, and may also include some responsibilities for crew training. CIC training at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) consists of mission-independent training, mission simulations, and line-organization training. As identified by Schneider, the program provides very good generic training; however position-specific training may be obtained in a very unstructured way. A computer-based training system, identified as Mac CIC, is currently under development to address this issue. Mac CIC is intended to provide an intermediate level of training in order to prepare the CIC for the more intensive mission simulations. Although originally intended as an intelligent tutoring system, Mac CIC currently exists as a hypertext-based application. The objectives of this research is to evaluate the current system and to provide both recommendations and a detailed plan for Mac CIC's evolution into an intelligent tutoring system.

Moynihan, Gary P.

1993-01-01

193

46 CFR 28.530 - Stability instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...of the following: (1) Simple loading instructions; (2) A simple loading diagram with instructions...effects; (8) A rapid and simple means for evaluating any specific...condition; (9) The amount and location of fixed ballast;...

2014-10-01

194

46 CFR 28.530 - Stability instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of the following: (1) Simple loading instructions; (2) A simple loading diagram with instructions...effects; (8) A rapid and simple means for evaluating any specific...condition; (9) The amount and location of fixed ballast;...

2013-10-01

195

46 CFR 28.530 - Stability instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of the following: (1) Simple loading instructions; (2) A simple loading diagram with instructions...effects; (8) A rapid and simple means for evaluating any specific...condition; (9) The amount and location of fixed ballast;...

2011-10-01

196

46 CFR 28.530 - Stability instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of the following: (1) Simple loading instructions; (2) A simple loading diagram with instructions...effects; (8) A rapid and simple means for evaluating any specific...condition; (9) The amount and location of fixed ballast;...

2012-10-01

197

46 CFR 28.530 - Stability instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of the following: (1) Simple loading instructions; (2) A simple loading diagram with instructions...effects; (8) A rapid and simple means for evaluating any specific...condition; (9) The amount and location of fixed ballast;...

2010-10-01

198

The Impact of the Katy Management of Automated Curriculum System on Planning for Learning, Delivery of Instruction and Evaluation of Student Learning as Perceived by Teachers in the Katy Independent School District in Texas  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to determine teachers’ perceptions of the relationship of the Katy Management of Automated Curriculum (KMAC) system developed by Katy ISD in Katy, Texas, on planning for learning, delivery of instruction and evaluation...

Hogue, Sharon L.

2011-10-21

199

Literacy Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine literacy instruction in light of recent research and practice, this journal issue presents five articles focusing on the creation of a literate society where people appreciate literature and can use reading and writing to enrich their lives. The first article, "Literacy Instruction: An Alternative" (A. S. Bayer), presents an alternative…

Pickens, Alex L., Ed.; Kali, Alex P., Ed.

1986-01-01

200

Spatially explicit power analyses for occupancy-based monitoring of wolverine in the U.S. Rocky Mountains.  

PubMed

Conservation scientists and resource managers often have to design monitoring programs for species that are rare or patchily distributed across large landscapes. Such programs are frequently expensive and seldom can be conducted by one entity. It is essential that a prospective power analysis be undertaken to ensure stated monitoring goals are feasible. We developed a spatially based simulation program that accounts for natural history, habitat use, and sampling scheme to investigate the power of monitoring protocols to detect trends in population abundance over time with occupancy-based methods. We analyzed monitoring schemes with different sampling efforts for wolverine (Gulo gulo) populations in 2 areas of the U.S. Rocky Mountains. The relation between occupancy and abundance was nonlinear and depended on landscape, population size, and movement parameters. With current estimates for population size and detection probability in the northern U.S. Rockies, most sampling schemes were only able to detect large declines in abundance in the simulations (i.e., 50% decline over 10 years). For small populations reestablishing in the Southern Rockies, occupancy-based methods had enough power to detect population trends only when populations were increasing dramatically (e.g., doubling or tripling in 10 years), regardless of sampling effort. In general, increasing the number of cells sampled or the per-visit detection probability had a much greater effect on power than the number of visits conducted during a survey. Although our results are specific to wolverines, this approach could easily be adapted to other territorial species. PMID:24001256

Ellis, Martha M; Ivan, Jacob S; Schwartz, Michael K

2014-02-01

201

Effect of occupation-based groups on self-concept of children aged 5-8: a pilot study.  

PubMed

The goal of this pilot study was to ascertain the effectiveness of an occupation-based after-school program for improving self-concept in children, ages five through eight. Fifty-four randomly selected children ages five through eight from two schools (one being the control group) with similar socioeconomic status along the Ohio River were involved in this research study. The Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance for Young Children (PCSA; Harter & Pike, 1984) was administered to all participants (N = 54), four subtests were analyzed: cognitive competence, social competence with peers, physical competence in sports, and maternal acceptance. The experimental group (n = 25) attended occupation-based groups two times a week after school. The control group (n = 29) did not participate in an after-school program. Data from pre-test and post-test were analyzed using a t-test. Findings demonstrated that the experimental group improved their self-concept scores when compared to the control group in the areas of peer acceptance and cognitive competence. This would offer tentative evidence that an after-school program directed by occupational therapists that is designed to improve self-concept may be successful. PMID:25338266

Scurlock, Debra

2015-01-01

202

Evaluating Our Instruction: Surveys  

E-print Network

in the last chapter, there are two ways to probe what is happening in one's class. One way is to assess how, while in other contexts they may revert to using more naïve resources. When we look at a class broadly spreadsheets or more sophisticated sta- tistical analysis tools. By research-based, I mean that the survey has

Maryland at College Park, University of

203

Instructional Media and the Handicapped.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent developments in the deisgn, application and evaluation of instructional materials and media for the handicapped are reviewed. The first section of the paper stresses the need for personalized education which meets individual needs through the matching of instructional programs to sets of learner variables and through delivery by a medium…

Lance, Wayne D.

204

Tinkering with the Traditional to Assess and Promote Quality Instruction: Learning from a New and Unimproved Instructor Evaluation Instrument  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For over 30 years survey instruments have been used in colleges of higher education to measure instructional effectiveness. Extensive research has been conducted to determine which items best capture this construct. This research study was triggered by a college of education's enthusiastic but failed attempt to create a new and improved instructor…

Amrein-Beardsley, Audrey; Haladyna, Thomas

2009-01-01

205

Nursing Professionals' Evaluation in Integrating the Computers in English for Nursing Purposes (ENP) Instruction and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to examine the pre- and in-service nursing professionals' perceptions of using computers to facilitate foreign language learning as consideration for future English for nursing purposes instruction. One hundred and ninety seven Taiwanese nursing students participated in the study. Findings revealed that (1) the…

Yu, Wei-Chieh Wayne

2013-01-01

206

Powerful Pedagogies: Evaluating Effective Culturally Relevant English Instruction for High Achieving African American Males in Advanced Placement English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Helping teachers to effectively use culturally relevant instructional practices can help the educational community close the literacy gap for African American males. This study examines effective secondary English teachers and their high achieving African American male students. Using critical race and sociocultural theories as a conceptual…

Johnson, Stanley Louis, Jr.

2011-01-01

207

Building on Past Successes: Designing, Evaluating, and Providing Effective Treatments for Persons for Whom Typical Instruction Is Not Effective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of my experiences in special education as a teacher and subsequently as an intervention researcher providing background on where we were in providing instruction to individuals with disabilities 40 years ago (prior to legal protections and supports) compared with the present. This article acknowledges the progress…

Vaughn, Sharon

2015-01-01

208

An Evaluation of Individualized Instructional Units Using the Bayesian Theorem in Two-year Technical Institutes Designated as Developing Institutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used the Bayesian Theorem and cost/effectiveness analysis to measure the short and long range effectiveness and minimum costs of individualized instructional units constructed by educational development officers for use with low-income students at four North Carolina technical institutes designated as developing institutions. Students…

Woodbury, Roger; And Others

209

Problems in Researching Computer Managed Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development phases of an operational computer managed instruction (CMI) system include planning, when the instructional model is designed; acquisition, when instructional system specifications are prepared; implementation/operation, which provides for the resolution of operational problems; evaluation, when the system is tested; and…

Van Matre, Nicholas H.

210

Instructional Diversity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers who successfully use diverse learning modes in their instructional approaches accomplish several remarkable things. First, they create a climate where the ways of knowing central to the different modalities are all seen as legitimate, acceptable,

Bob Samples

2000-01-01

211

Millwright Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual contains instructional materials for use in training millwrights working in industrial and commercial construction sites. Intended as an innovative complement to on-the-job training in construction, the material is written in terms of student performance using behavioral objectives and measured by criterion-referenced evaluation

Hendrix, Laborn J.; Pierce, Greg

212

Active Evolution Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To help elevate your level of active instruction, this chapter provides a sampling of the kinds of hands-on activities that promote understanding of evolutionary processes. These particular activities are structured according to the BSCS 5E Instruction Model--engage,explore, explain, elaborate, and evaluate. The 5E Model is a teaching sequence that can be used for entire programs, specific units, or individual lessons (Bybee 1997). This chapter also contains print and online resources for new ideas and practical applications that will help you emphasize science process and how evolutionary changes affect us daily. This free selection also includes the Table of Contents, Introduction, and Index.

Judy Elgin Jensen

2008-11-01

213

Prototype Training Program for the Preparation of Curriculum Consultants for Exceptional Children. Instructor's Manual for Module 2.0: Evaluating/Instruction. Competencies 2.1 through 2.4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part 2 of a series of 13 instructor's manuals for the competency based training of curriculum consultants for exceptional children focuses on the evaluation of instruction. Four competencies are considered: (1) that a curriculum consultant should be capable of implementing varied evaluation techniques for assessing teacher effectiveness (e.g.,…

Meyen, Edward L.; Altman, Reuben

214

Creating Confident and Competent Readers: Transactional Strategies Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a practical plan for improving reading comprehension and reader self-efficacy in grades 4-12 through transactional strategies instruction. Three phases of instruction are described and specific instructional strategies are provided. Suggestions for implementation and for evaluation of instruction effectiveness are also…

Casteel, Carolyn P.; Isom, Bess A.; Jordan, Kathleen F.

2000-01-01

215

Enhancing Instructional Systems Enhancing Instructional Systems: The Development  

E-print Network

of instruction. This new tool provides a new systematic method for the evaluation of instructor and student and assessment have been developed in recent times. While these new performance evaluation tools offer a more evaluation tool for the aviation training environment. This paper describes the development of a new tool

216

International Journal of Ventilation ISSN 1473-3315 Volume 10 No1 June 2011 Optimization of Occupancy Based Demand Controlled Ventilation  

E-print Network

International Journal of Ventilation ISSN 1473-3315 Volume 10 No1 June 2011 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 49 Optimization of Occupancy Based Demand Controlled Ventilation in Residences Dorthe K. Mortensen1, the application of demand controlled ventilation in residences is limited. In this study we used occupant exposure

217

Writing Technical Instructions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students walk through the process of creating technical instructions by first analyzing existing instructions. They then select an item and an audience for which they will write technical instructions. After writing their own instructions, students conduct usability tests of each other’s instructions, providing user feedback. Finally, students use this user feedback to revise their instructions before publishing them.

2012-05-24

218

Understanding Instructions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to help adult basic education (ABE) teachers teach their students to understand instructions in their daily lives. The 25 learning activities included all develop students' skills in the area of following directions by using basic situations drawn from everyday life. The following activities are included: sequencing pictures…

Milburn, Val

219

Vocabulary Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the web site Doing What Works, this section describes research-based practices to promote vocabulary development in middle and high school. It includes a multimedia overview of the importance of providing explicit vocabulary instruction, video clips, links to research, and other resources. Content area teachers and strategies for use in content areas like science are specifically addressed in the recommendations.

2008-01-01

220

Evaluating Teachers' Support Requests When Just-in-Time Instructional Support is Provided to Introduce a Primary Level Web-Based Reading Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Support requests were documented for 10 teachers (4 kindergarten, 4 grade one, and 2 grade one/two teachers) who received just-in-time instructional support over a 2 1/2 month period while implementing a novel reading software program as part of their literacy instruction. In-class observations were made of each instructional session. Analysis of…

Wood, Eileen; Anderson, Alissa; Piquette-Tomei, Noella; Savage, Robert; Mueller, Julie

2011-01-01

221

Building on Past Successes: Designing, Evaluating, and Providing Effective Treatments for Persons for Whom Typical Instruction Is Not Effective  

PubMed Central

This article provides an overview of my experiences in special education as a teacher and subsequently as an intervention researcher providing background on where we were in providing instruction to individuals with disabilities 40 years ago (prior to legal protections and supports) compared with the present. This article acknowledges the progress that has been made in providing opportunities for students with disabilities to participate in the educational system including greater access to the general education classroom for increasing numbers of students with disabilities. However, stakeholders including special educators have inadequately targeted academic and behavioral improvements as their goals for individuals with disabilities. This is largely because the research base for students with disabilities with intensive academic and behavior needs is underdeveloped. Several recommendations are provided including increased funding for research on individuals with persistent learning and behavior problems that addresses how to acquire a more complete knowledge base about effective intensive interventions for these students. PMID:25745278

Vaughn, Sharon

2014-01-01

222

Assessing the Effectiveness of a Mathematics-Focused, Instructional Technology Program for Grades 6-8: A 5-Year Trend Analysis of NASA CONNECT(tm) Evaluation Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA CONNECT is a research-, inquiry, and standards-based, integrated mathematics, science, and technology series of 30-minute instructional distance learning (television and web-based) programs for students in grades 6 8. Respondents who evaluated the programs in the series over the first five seasons (1998-99 through 2002-03) reported that (1) they used the programs in the series; (2) the goals and objectives for the series were met; (3) the programs were aligned with the national mathematics, science, and technology standards; (4) the program content was developmentally appropriate for the grade level; and (5) the programs in the series enhanced and enriched the teaching of mathematics, science, and technology.

Glassman, Nanci A.; Perry, Jeannine B.; Giersch, Christopher E.; Lambert, Matthew A.; Pinelli, Thomas E.

2004-01-01

223

Finding e[superscript 3] (Effective, Efficient, and Engaging) Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From a review of instructional design theories, research, and practice, the author has derived his "First Principles of Instruction". In this article, he suggests a rubric for using these principles to evaluate existing instruction. The article presents a Course Evaluation form and accompanying demonstration and application rubrics that enable the…

Merrill, M. David

2009-01-01

224

A Model System for the Design and Maintenance of Related Instruction Curriculum for Approved U.S. Department of Labor Apprenticeship Programs; Phase III. Final Report and Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A final report and final evaluation report of Phase III are provided for a project to establish a national clearinghouse for apprenticeship-related instructional materials. The final report provides a summary and a narrative account of these project activities: identification of materials; identification of apprenticeship curriculum needs;…

Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

225

Instructions for use [Short Communications  

E-print Network

,2,3, and 4]. Porous asphalt in Kyoto Jukan Expressway has been maintenance free for fourteen yearsInstructions for use #12;1 [Short Communications] Evaluation methods for porous asphalt pavement-0842, JAPAN Tel/Fax: +81 11 882 4246 Key Words: Long Life Pavement, Porous asphalt, Evaluation method, Three

Tsunogai, Urumu

226

Authorship and publication practices: evaluation of the effect of responsible conduct of research instruction to postdoctoral trainees.  

PubMed

We have studied postdoctoral trainees funded by NIH F32 fellowship awards in order to test the effectiveness of responsible conduct of research (RCR) education in the areas of authorship and publication practices. We used a 3-wave telephone and on-line survey design, conducted over a period of two years, in order to test for individual change before and after completing RCR education. Overall the responses of the subjects suggested a clear awareness of standards and practices in publication. However, our results failed to suggest that RCR education in this group significantly increased the level of ethically appropriate behavioral responses measured in the study. Similarly we saw no significant effect on increasing awareness of or attention to ethical guidelines about authorship and publication practices. Our interpretation of these null findings was influenced by the significant publication experience of our cohort of subjects. We forward possible explanations for these null findings in this context. Most importantly, we do not suggest that our results argue against continued instruction in RCR education. Instead, we believe our data reinforce the importance of careful articulation of course goals and objectives with attention to the background and experience of the student audience when developing RCR curricula. PMID:18246945

Funk, Carolyn L; Barrett, Kirsten A; Macrina, Francis L

2007-01-01

227

The Effects of a Child's Self-Evaluation Program on Compliance with Parental Instructions in the Home.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A self-evaluation program was implemented at home with a disruptive boy (five years, 11 months old). The self-evaluation procedures typically resulted in increased compliant behavior and decreased inappropriate verbal behavior, although the effects generally weakened with time. (Author/SEW)

O'Brien, Thomas P.; And Others

1983-01-01

228

CPR training without an instructor: development and evaluation of a video self-instructional system for effective performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional classroom-based instruction of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has failed to achieve desired rates of bystander CPR. Video self-instruction (VSI) is a more accessible alternative to traditional classroom instruction (TRAD), and it achieves better CPR skill performance. VSI employs a 34-min training tape and an inexpensive manikin. VSI combines simplified and reordered content focusing on the delivery of one-rescuer CPR with

Allan Braslow; Robert T Brennan; Mary M Newman; Nicholas G Bircher; Anne M Batcheller; William Kaye

1997-01-01

229

The development and evaluation of a music mnemonic-enhanced multimedia computer-aided science instructional module  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"CellSong" is a computer aided instructional (CAI) science module designed to help students recall information about cellular physiology. The program is designed to teach middle school learners the music mnemonic "Cell's Organelles" ((c)1995 Karl Kimmel) in order to facilitate the recall of the targeted biological information. In addition to music, a computer animation is synched to the five minute music file to provide visual reinforcement for the song's lyrics. Two male teachers, from two different rural southern schools ( mTeacher and sTeacher) implemented the "CellSong" module in their classes. Students in mTeacher's class consisted of 12 fifth grade biology students. The other group was initially composed of all of sTeacher's sixth grade science classes ( n = 38). This group was divided into the regular three classes on its second exposure to the program. The students filled out attitude surveys after five exposures to the program. All the sixth grade students took an aided recall tests immediately after the fifth exposure to the program. Thirteen of the sixth graders took the same test (retest) after seven days. Although the test scores were generally low, students who took the retest tended to be able recall the same items that they had recalled the week before. The fifth grade class took one recall test four days after their last exposure to the program and scored higher than the sixth grade from the other school. These students were more favorable in their responses on the attitudinal survey. Students in the fifth grade class (and female students in the sixth grade classes) tended to enjoy the module and music mnemonic strategy. The sixth grade boys reported not enjoying it.

Kimmel, Karl Joseph

230

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Video Instruction on Social and Communication Skills Training for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Video instruction as an intervention for teaching skills to children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is gaining increased momentum in applied settings.Video instruction, comprised of video modeling, video self-modeling, and point-of-view video, has been utilized in various fields of study with various populations and target behaviors.…

Shukla-Mehta, Smita; Miller, Trube; Callahan, Kevin J.

2010-01-01

231

An Evaluation of Instructional Coaching at Selected High Schools in North Louisiana and Its Effect on Student Achievement, Organizational Climate, and Teacher Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare high schools in north Louisiana to determine if the presence or absence of instructional coaches influenced student achievement, organizational climate, and/or teacher efficacy in any significant manner. The 11 high schools in north Louisiana utilizing instructional coaches were matched to 11 high schools…

Hearn, Richard M.

2010-01-01

232

An Evaluation of a Progressive High-Probability Instructional Sequence Combined with Low-Probability Demand Fading in the Treatment of Food Selectivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few studies have examined the effects of the high-probability instructional sequence in the treatment of food selectivity, and results of these studies have been mixed (e.g., Dawson et al., 2003; Patel et al., 2007). The present study extended previous research on the high-probability instructional sequence by combining this procedure with…

Penrod, Becky; Gardella, Laura; Fernand, Jonathan

2012-01-01

233

Evaluation of Brief Group-Administered Instruction for Parents to Prevent or Minimize Sleep Problems in Young Children with Down Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The study concerns the unknown value of group instruction for mothers of young children with Down syndrome (DS) in preventing or minimizing sleep problems. Method: (1) Children with DS were randomly allocated to an Instruction group (given basic information about children's sleep) and a Control group for later comparison including…

Stores, Rebecca; Stores, Gregory

2004-01-01

234

Using Visualisations in Secondary School Physics Teaching and Learning: Evaluating the Efficacy of an Instructional Program to Facilitate Understanding of Gas and Liquid Pressure Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instructional program using four simulation applets was used to facilitate understanding of gas and liquid pressure concepts among twenty-two students in a Year 9 class from an independent secondary school in Singapore. A comparison group consisting of twenty-two students was taught using traditional didactic, chalk-and-talk instruction.…

Oh, Elisabeth Yian Yian; Treagust, David F.; Koh, Thiam Seng; Phang, Wei Lian; Ng, Shuh Lit; Sim, Gary; Chandrasegaran, A. L.

2012-01-01

235

The Identification, Implementation, and Evaluation of Critical User Interface Design Features of Computer-Assisted Instruction Programs in Mathematics for Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical user interface design features of computer-assisted instruction programs in mathematics for students with learning disabilities and corresponding implementation guidelines were identified in this study. Based on the identified features and guidelines, a multimedia computer-assisted instruction program, "Math Explorer", which delivers…

Seo, You-Jin; Woo, Honguk

2010-01-01

236

Decentralized Sequenced Instruction (DSI) at Drexel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of student performances in a materials engineering course using three different teaching methods is presented. A form of personalized self-instruction (PSI) in which the course is offered off-campus, decentralized sequenced instruction (DSI), was compared to on-campus PSI and to the lecture method. The DSI method is shown to be most…

Smiernow, George A.; Lawley, Alan

1980-01-01

237

Instruction level power model of microcontrollers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the design of low power systems, it is important to ana- lyze and optimize both the hardware and the software com- ponent of the system. To evaluate the software compo- nent of the system, a good instruction-level energy model is essential. In this paper we present a methodology for instruction level modelling of microcontrollers using gate level power estimation

Chaitali Chakrabarti; D. Gaitonde

1999-01-01

238

Measuring Teacher Attitudes toward Instruction in Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data were obtained from 311 teachers in order to sample a wide domain of attitudes toward writing instruction and writing anxiety. The subjects' responses were organized along four attitudinal dimensions: (1) the importance of standard English in writing instruction (SE), (2) the importance of defining and evaluating writing tasks (DE), (3) the…

Gere, Anne Ruggles; And Others

239

Networked Instructional Computers in the Elementary Classroom and Their Effect on the Learning Environment: A Qualitative Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a qualitative evaluation of an elementary schoolwide computer implementation project. Highlights include the use of interviews, questionnaires, and surveys with teachers, students, and parents; changes in teacher attitudes and roles, classroom management, and classroom climate; and a model for creating a community of learners through the…

Keeler, Carolyn M.

1996-01-01

240

Designing the Instructional Interface.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designing the instructional interface is a challenging endeavor requiring knowledge and skills in instructional and visual design, psychology, human-factors, ergonomic research, computer science, and editorial design. This paper describes the instructional interface, the challenges of its development, and an instructional systems approach to its…

Lohr, L. L.

2000-01-01

241

Moving from Subjective to Objective Assessment of Your Instruction Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the distinction between student evaluation and program assessment; the development of assessment methods for library instruction; and the various steps taken in the writing, testing, revising, and use of an assessment instrument for the Schurz Library instruction program at Indiana University South Bend. Library instruction guidelines,…

Colborn, Nancy Wootton; Cordell, Rosanne M.

1998-01-01

242

Planning and Producing Effective Outdoor Education Instructional Slide Presentations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the steps in developing an instructional audiovisual presentation: (1) the conceptualization stage (identify goals and instructional objectives); (2) the planning stage (define skills and instructional sequence); and (3) the development stage (take slides, write story line, evaluate field test data, and revise). (LC)

Swiderski, Michael J.

1982-01-01

243

Out Googling Google: Rethinking Library Instruction for Online Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing students with library instruction greatly enhances their ability to produce quality research projects, but providing that instruction to students enrolled in online courses can be challenging. While the number of electronic resources available remotely for distance students continues to grow, there is evidence that students still need assistance and instruction on how to identify and evaluate resources for relevance

Melissa H. Koenig

2008-01-01

244

Computer-assisted instruction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results are presented of a project of research and development on strategies for optimizing the instructional process, and dissemination of information about the applications of such research to the instructional medium of computer-assisted instruction. Accomplishments reported include construction of the author language INSTRUCT, construction of a practical CAI course in the area of computer science, and a number of investigations into the individualization of instruction, using the course as a vehicle.

Atkinson, R. C.

1974-01-01

245

A formative evaluation of problem-based learning as an instructional strategy in a medical laboratory technician course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study is a formative evaluation of problem-based learning as an effective course delivery strategy in a second year introductory Medical Laboratory Technician discipline-specific hematology course. This strategy can serve two purposes in this type of course: discipline specific content knowledge and process skills learning. A needs study identified that students required additional workplace skills as they entered the clinical internship. Students tested well on the national registry examinations, discipline-specific content knowledge, but group process skills needed improvement in the areas of collaboration, communication, and critical reasoning. Problem-based learning was identified as an change intervention to help provide these skills. A search of the literature revealed that the Baker College cultural and physical environment would support this intervention. Twelve cases were written, situated in a clinical laboratory environment, addressing learning issues identified in a modified Delphi survey of laboratory personnel e.g. fiscal responsibility, turn-around time, invasiveness of laboratory techniques, and holistic view of healthcare environment. A hematology class of 13 students received the intervention. The cases were structured to proceed from instructor-centered (guided) learning issues to learner-centered learning issues. Observations of the in-group collaboration processes were documented, as well as oral presentations and critical reasoning, with students given periodic feedback on these skills. Student surveys provided data about satisfaction, attitude to PBL process, and self-efficacy. Multiple choice discipline-specific content examinations were given and compared with classes from the previous four years. The study found that students receiving the PBL treatment scored as well as or better than students from previous years on traditional multiple choice exams. Recall questions showed positive significance and application/analysis questions showed no significance from previous years. Clinical correlations end-of-case evaluations addressing the issues of thoroughness of investigation, supporting evidence, accuracy of information, order and clarity of thought showed positive improvement across the intervention, as did the PBL processes of in-group collaboration skills, teamwork skills, and presentation skills. By the end of the intervention, students expressed preference for student-centered learning issues.

Nelson, Diane Patricia

2002-09-01

246

The Effects of Different Instructions on Student Ratings of Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The influence of three sets of instructions on teacher/course evaluation by student raters was investigated. Students did not differ in their teacher/course evaluation ratings when the instructions specified the evaluation results would be used: (1) only by the instructor; (2) by the administration; or (3) by students for course selection…

Gupta, Venu G.

247

Instructional Problem Solving in Staff Development: The Principal's Role as an Instructional Leader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1980 the Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania) Public Schools recognized needs for significant improvement in staff evaluation, student achievement, individual school effectiveness, and the clarification of systemwide objectives and expectations. The instructional leadership committee appointed to establish a unified approach to effective instruction

Davis, Lawrence E.; Nicklos, Robert E.

248

Technology for Early Braille Literacy: Comparison of Traditional Braille Instruction and Instruction with an Electronic Notetaker  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The study reported here evaluated whether there was a difference in students' outcomes for braille fluency when instruction was provided with traditional braille media or refreshable braille. Students' and teachers' perceptions of the efficacy of the use of the different instructional media were analyzed. Methods: Nine students from…

Bickford, James O.; Falco, Ruth A.

2012-01-01

249

An evaluation of 9-1-1 calls to assess the effectiveness of dispatch-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instructions: design and methodology  

PubMed Central

Background Cardiac arrest is the leading cause of mortality in Canada, and the overall survival rate for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest rarely exceeds 5%. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been shown to increase survival for cardiac arrest victims. However, bystander CPR rates remain low in Canada, rarely exceeding 15%, despite various attempts to improve them. Dispatch-assisted CPR instructions have the potential to improve rates of bystander CPR and many Canadian urban communities now offer instructions to callers reporting a victim in cardiac arrest. Dispatch-assisted CPR instructions are recommended by the International Guidelines on Emergency Cardiovascular Care, but their ability to improve cardiac arrest survival remains unclear. Methods/Design The overall goal of this study is to better understand the factors leading to successful dispatch-assisted CPR instructions and to ultimately save the lives of more cardiac arrest patients. The study will utilize a before-after, prospective cohort design to specifically: 1) Determine the ability of 9-1-1 dispatchers to correctly diagnose cardiac arrest; 2) Quantify the frequency and impact of perceived agonal breathing on cardiac arrest diagnosis; 3) Measure the frequency with which dispatch-assisted CPR instructions can be successfully completed; and 4) Measure the impact of dispatch-assisted CPR instructions on bystander CPR and survival rates. The study will be conducted in 19 urban communities in Ontario, Canada. All 9-1-1 calls occurring in the study communities reporting out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in victims 16 years of age or older for which resuscitation was attempted will be eligible. Information will be obtained from 9-1-1 call recordings, paramedic patient care reports, base hospital records, fire medical records and hospital medical records. Victim, caller and system characteristics will be measured in the study communities before the introduction of dispatch-assisted CPR instructions (before group), during the introduction (run-in phase), and following the introduction (after group). Discussion The study will obtain information essential to the development of clinical trials that will test a variety of educational approaches and delivery methods for telephone cardiopulmonary resuscitation instructions. This will be the first study in the world to clearly quantify the impact of dispatch-assisted CPR instructions on survival to hospital discharge for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victims. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00664443 PMID:18986546

Vaillancourt, Christian; Charette, Manya L; Stiell, Ian G; Wells, George A

2008-01-01

250

Instructions for Writing Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document provides instructions for writing reports for the technical fields. The document includes general instructions, guidelines on report structure, grading information and a grading sheet. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

251

Instructional Strategies: Teaching Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This webpage contains the links to 5 short articles on strategies for teaching students with dyscalculia. The articles that are included are: Components of Effective Mathematics Instruction, 10 tips for Software Selection in Mathematics Instruction, Number Sense: Rethinking Arithmetic Instruction for Students with Mathematics Disabilities, Students with Nonverbal Learning Disabilities, and Technology Supported Math Instruction for Students with Disabilities: Two Decades of Research and Development.

Beatrice C. Babbitt

2012-01-01

252

Instructional Rounds in Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Instructional Rounds in Action" is an invaluable guide for those involved in implementing instructional rounds as the foundation and framework for systemic improvement in schools. Over the past few years, districts across the United States, Canada, and Australia have begun implementing "instructional rounds," a set of ideas and practices for…

Roberts, John E.

2012-01-01

253

The Instructional Capacitor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many administrators are so overwhelmed by the basic responsibilities of their daily work that there seems to be little or no time left for providing quality leadership in instruction. Instead, schools employ department chairs, instructional specialists, and coordinators to provide instructional leadership. How can administrators find time in the…

Walton, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

254

Instructional Data, FY 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These three reports present instructional data for Mercer County Community College for Summer and Fall 1980 and Spring 1981. The first report, covering summer sessions from 1974 through 1980, examines instructional hours, class size, student credit hours (SCRH), student contact hours (SCH), income/cost measures, instructional staff, full-time…

Staatse, Holly

255

Instruction that Fits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom instruction varies among high school academic departments. To understand how instruction in core subjects can differ, an awareness of the two axes that define instruction is required. In this article, the author discuss the two axes, namely, knowledge-versus-skill axis and level of mental engagement axis, that help describe what…

Bushman, James; Bushman, Jonica

2004-01-01

256

Instruction set commutivity  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present a state property called congruence and show how it can be used to demonstrate commutivity of instructions in a modern load-store architecture. Our analysis is particularly important in pipelined microprocessors where instructions are frequently reordered to avoid costly delays in execution caused by hazards. Our work has significant implications to safety and security critical applications since reordering can easily change the meaning and an instruction sequence and current techniques are largely ad hoc. Our work is done in a mechanical theorem prover and results in a set of trustworthy rules for instruction reordering. The mechanization makes it practical to analyze the entire instruction set.

Windley, P.

1992-01-01

257

Evaluation of the Market for Instructional Television and the Effects of Changes in the Communications Industry. Current and Potential Use of ITV. Final Report. Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assuming that new developments in communications technology will result in reduced costs for social service delivery, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare needed information about the role it could play in implementing instructional television (ITV). A study was designed to assess general educational programing costs and the potential…

Mathematica, Princeton, NJ.

258

The Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of an Electronics Curriculum Using Computer-Assisted Instruction/Computer-Controlled Laboratory at Motlow State Community College, Tullahoma, Tennessee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motlow State Community College (MSCC) in Tullahoma, Tennessee, received a federal grant to develop and implement an electronics computer-assisted instruction (CAI) classroom and an electronics computer-controlled laboratory (CCL). A portion of a complete CAI/CCL electronics curriculum developed by NIDA Corporation was developed, implemented, and…

Hasty, Doyle E.

259

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction with Increasing Black and Latino Reading Fluency, as Compared to Asian and White Second-Grade Students' Reading Fluency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction (FORI) on improving reading fluency for an ethnically diverse sample of second-grade students. FORI incorporates the repeated reading of a grade-level text over the course of an academic week. This approach to reading uses scaffolding by expert readers. Results indicate…

Turner, Franklin Dickerson

2010-01-01

260

Evaluation of Student Reading and Mathematics. WICAT Computer Managed Instructional Program, Salina Elementary School. November 1985 through June 1988. Bulletin No. 1345.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Institute of Computer Assisted Teaching (WICAT) system was installed in November 1985 at the Salina and Fordson Schools in Dearborn, Michigan, and selected students in grades two, three, and four received their regular reading and/or mathematics instruction in the WICAT computer laboratory. Achievement gains of these students were…

Mys, Donald P.; Petrie, James

261

Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA), Community School District 2 Special Alternative Instruction Program. Final Evaluation Report, 1992-93. OREA Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA) was a federally funded program serving 960 limited-English-proficient students in 10 Manhattan (New York) elementary schools in 1992-93 its third year of operation. The project provided instruction in English as a Second Language (ESL), mathematics, science, and social studies in…

Lynch, Joanne

262

Evaluation of Manual Spelling, Observational and Incidental Learning Using Computer-Based Instruction with a Tablet PC, Large Screen Projection, and a Forward Chaining Procedure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study employed a multiple probe design to investigate the effects of computer-based instruction (CBI) and a forward chaining procedure to teach manual spelling of words to three young adults with moderate intellectual disability in a small group arrangement. The computer-based program included a tablet PC whereby students wrote words directly…

Purrazzella, Kimberly; Mechling, Linda C.

2013-01-01

263

Instructional design for distance learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An intrinsic link exists between instructional design (ID) and distance learning (DL). Their inextricability in the real world raises specific problems of interest in the field of ID. In no other teaching/learning situation is ID so essential as in DL. The conditions of DL make it a necessity to have long-term instructional planning, cost analysis, curriculum and course development, instructional materials development and maintenance, delivery plans, and detailed evaluation rules. Without all of these components, DL simply could not happen. It took some time for this neccessity to be acknowledged, as can be seen in the history of DL. However, ID becomes even more critical as increasingly costly and complex means are used. Conditions of learning have special features in DL, such as the role of media, since the professor, teacher or instructor is replaced by media for either transmitting information or for organizing learning activities. In this paper, the term distance learning will be used to mean media-based, remote or asynchronous learning supported by an instructional system. This paper introduces general features of DL and examines essential aspects of ID for DL, with special emphasis on ID methodologies and on media selection.

Bourdeau, Jacqueline; Bates, Anthony

1996-12-01

264

FORMS AND INSTRUCTIONS FOR SUBMITTING ELECTRIC  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION FORMS AND INSTRUCTIONS FOR SUBMITTING ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION Instructions for Electric Transmission Forms ............................................................. 6 General Instructions

265

AN EVALUATION OF A PROGRESSIVE HIGH-PROBABILITY INSTRUCTIONAL SEQUENCE COMBINED WITH LOW-PROBABILITY DEMAND FADING IN THE TREATMENT OF FOOD SELECTIVITY  

PubMed Central

Few studies have examined the effects of the high-probability instructional sequence in the treatment of food selectivity, and results of these studies have been mixed (e.g., Dawson et al., 2003; Patel et al., 2007). The present study extended previous research on the high-probability instructional sequence by combining this procedure with low-probability demand fading with 2 boys with autism (9 and 10 years old) who had a history of food selectivity and engaged in active food refusal behaviors when presented with novel foods. Response requirements were faded gradually from responses the child would tolerate (e.g., touching the food) to the final requirement of chewing and swallowing the food. The antecedent-based intervention was implemented in the absence of escape extinction and was effective in increasing food consumption for both participants. Possible mechanisms responsible for the effectiveness of the intervention are discussed along with directions for future research. PMID:23060666

Penrod, Becky; Gardella, Laura; Fernand, Jonathan

2012-01-01

266

Modeling Instruction Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by David Hestenes of Arizona State University's modeling instruction and software development research, this site is an approach to reform of curriculum design and teaching methodology has been guided by a Modeling Theory of Physics Instruction. In addition, the site also provides modeling instructions for biology, chemistry and physical science. External links are provided under the heading "Opportunities for Professional Growth." These allow teachers the opportunity for explore workshops and other programs which can help enhance their teaching/curriculum.

Hestenes, David

267

Designing Instructional Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author presents an instructional design model for teachers that evolves around a teacher-manager concept which recognizes management functions of: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. (EA)

Furtado, Lorraine T.

1974-01-01

268

ERIP application instructions  

SciTech Connect

This report provides background information and instructions to assist applicants in writing Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) applications. Initial feedback fro usage for the new instructions shows that the best instructions would not be read and followed by all applicants. Applications from more than thirty applicants who have received the new instructions indicated that few had read the instructions. Based on this feedback, the instructions have been further revised to include a title page and table of contents. A warning was also added to advise applicants of the potential penalty of delayed review if these instructions are not followed. This revision was intended to address the possibility that some applicants did not see or bother to follow the instructions which followed the background information about ERIP. Included are two examples of ERIP applications which have been prepared for handout at workshops or mailing to applicants. Writing of example applications was time consuming and more difficult than expected for several reasons: (1) Full disclosures can be lengthy, very detailed, and technical. This contrasts with the desire to prepare examples which are comparatively short and easy for the non-technical person to read. (2) Disclosures contain confidential information which should not be published. (3) It is difficult to imagine that applicants will study examples when they do not bother to read the basic instructions.

Watt, D.M.

1992-01-02

269

Naturalistic studies of mentally retarded persons: V: The effects of staff instructions on student responding.  

PubMed

A naturalistic study, with two purposes, was conducted to evaluate communication between staff and retarded persons in an institutional and in a community setting. The first purpose was to determine the natural rates of attention from staff in the form of instructions. Results showed that verbal instruction was the most prevalent (67%) followed by verbal instruction with physical assistance (12%), nonverbal instruction with physical assistance (10%), nonverbal instruction (6%), and physical assistance (5%). The second purpose was to determine the relative effectiveness of each of these types of instructions. Results showed that although verbal instruction was the most common, it was not the most effective, being surpassed by nonverbal instruction and nonverbal instruction with physical assistance. Results were discussed in terms of (a) their relation to prior research, (b) their use as nomothetic data to provide initial instruction modes, and (c) their use with specific persons on whom individual data have been collected. PMID:7103471

Repp, A C; Barton, L E; Brulle, A R

1982-01-01

270

Instructional Issues for Teaching Assistants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined teaching assistants' perceptions of various instructional issues and explored whether their perceptions were affected by nationality, gender, and academic discipline. Found significant predictors of teaching assistants' instructional roles, teaching style, instructional methods, communication strategies, and potential problems. (EV)

Luo, Jiali; Grady, Marilyn L.; Bellows, Laurie H.

2001-01-01

271

Direct Instruction News, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These three issues of a newsletter offer diverse kinds of information deemed to be of interest to Association for Direct Instruction (ADI) members--stories of successful implementations in different settings, write-ups of ADI awards, tips on "how to" deliver direct instruction (DI) more effectively, topical articles focused on particular types of…

Tarver, Sara, Ed.

2001-01-01

272

Childcare Centre Emergency Instructions  

E-print Network

the area for Campus Security or emergency services to arrive Evacuation Procedures Activate the NEARESTChildcare Centre Emergency Instructions In the event of an EMERGENCY dial 403-220-5333 for Campus Security or dial 9-1-1 for Police, Fire or Ambulance Additional emergency instructions is found at ucalgary

de Leon, Alex R.

273

Selecting Media for Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to determine the effects of instruction on using a formal media selection procedure on the media selection choices made by novice instructional designers. Twenty-nine male and female graduate students enrolled in a media design course at Arizona State University participated in the study. Media design problems were used…

Evans, L. J.

274

Instructional Technology in Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

D. W. Podshadley discusses, in this paper, the roles in dental education of instructional technology, specifically single-concept films, simulation, dial-and-random-access systems, television, programed instruction and computers. He also discusses the continuing education of dentists, and looks at dental health in relation to the public. He…

Podshadley, Dale W.

275

Instructional Design Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instructional design team, composed of experts in nursing, education, and media production, is used at the University of Wisconsin School of Nursing, Madison, to produce instructional units for a new curriculum. The authors summarize steps of team/faculty communications, team methodology, and factors influencing the team's effectiveness. (EA)

Bancroft, Judith A.; Collins, Keith

1974-01-01

276

Instructional Conversations. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given recent research that encourages more frequent use of the discussion method in teaching, this digest reviews the role of instructional conversations (ICs) in second language learning. ICs, instructional in content and conversational in quality, offer natural and spontaneous language interactions that are free from the didactic characteristics…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics, Washington, DC.

277

Innovative Instructional Incentive Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Innovative Instructional Incentive Plan represents a set of goals and action strategies for implementing the school improvement plan of the Fairway Elementary School in Miramar, Florida, where instructional time was being lost due to disruptive student behavior, and where behavioral infractions were not always dealt with quickly or…

Banashak, Joan M.

278

Computer Designed Instruction & Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research findings on computer designed instruction and testing at the college level are discussed in 13 papers from the first Regional Conference on University Teaching at New Mexico State University. Titles and authors are as follows: "Don't Bother Me with Instructional Design, I'm Busy Programming! Suggestions for More Effective Educational…

New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces.

279

Instructional Coaching. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools and districts invest a great deal of time and money in professional development for teachers through instructional coaching. With this effort comes the responsibility to design coaching programs that have the greatest potential to improve classroom instruction and, in turn, increase student learning. What research is available to help…

Kowal, Julie; Steiner, Lucy

2007-01-01

280

Creating Effective Multimedia Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on several critical themes related to multimedia instruction for those involved in the design, development, or use of computer delivered instruction. Addresses software product life cycle; systematic approach to design; multimedia design and development teams; production values; critical components of effective multimedia;…

Sales, Gregory C.

1999-01-01

281

Instructions for Systemic Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the technical communication classroom, the received wisdom is that good instructions should "stay out of the way" of the users' engagement with technological systems. This article draws on Burke's concept of perspective by incongruity and on examples of instructions produced during the Women's Health Movement to demonstrate that sometimes…

Seigel, Marika A.

2009-01-01

282

Ukrainian Instructional Aids.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an annotated listing of 25 items that can be used in connection with instruction in Ukrainian language, culture, history, and literature. Items include surveys, journals, literary works, and other scholarly and instructional materials on the history and current status of the Ukraine and Ukrainian immigrants to Canada. (AM)

Alberta Modern Language Journal, 1976

1976-01-01

283

LOGO Based Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a 1989 research study on LOGO-based instruction for teaching abstract concepts of geometry are reported in an effort to encourage mathematics teachers to use the LOGO language in computer-assisted instruction. Thirty-three ninth graders (19 males and 14 females) (6 white students and 27 black students) were involved in the controlled…

Yusuf, Mian Muhammad

284

Fundamentals of Library Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Being a great teacher is part and parcel of being a great librarian. In this book, veteran instruction services librarian McAdoo lays out the fundamentals of the discipline in easily accessible language. Succinctly covering the topic from top to bottom, he: (1) Offers an overview of the historical context of library instruction, drawing on recent…

McAdoo, Monty L.

2012-01-01

285

Science Instruction for All  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impact of an instructional intervention designed and implemented to promote achievement of science and literacy among culturally and linguistically diverse students. A total of 374 third and fourth grade students from four urban schools received a years worth of thematic science instruction. The study focuses on two science units at both grades where science and literacy

Yu-Min Ku; Marco Bravo; Eugene E. García

2004-01-01

286

FORMS AND INSTRUCTIONS FOR SUBMITTING  

E-print Network

Instructions for Retail Price Forecasting Forms .......................................................9 these instructions and forms to collect specific cost and sales data from selected investor-owned utilities, publicly

287

Supplemental instruction in chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was designed to measure some effects of supplemental instruction in chemistry. Supplemental instruction is a peer-led cooperative learning program that encourages students to develop conceptual understanding by articulating both understandings and misconceptions in a think-aloud fashion. Supplemental instruction was offered three hours weekly outside of class and lab time for students in four classes of General Organic and Biological Chemistry. Over a two-year period 108 students volunteered to participate in this program; 45 students did not participate. As measured by final grades in chemistry and responses to a questionnaire, supplemental instruction was effective in increasing students' achievement in chemistry. Further research is needed to determine the in-depth effects of supplemental instruction on students' learning, problem solving, and self-esteem.

Lundeberg, Mary A.

288

What's Happening with Instructional Development and Media? A Research Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Generated by the need to ascertain the involvement of media centers and instructional development centers in training faculty and providing assistance in instructional design, development, and evaluation, this study was undertaken to determine: (1) the identification of those individuals at colleges and universities nationwide who are involved in…

Osterman, Dean N.

289

Assessing Technology Enhanced Instruction: A Case Study in Secondary Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an evaluation program designed to assess the effectiveness of technology enhanced instruction within the context of the Technology Enhanced Secondary Science Instruction (TESSI) project, a field-based research program of technology integration into secondary science. Includes analyses of student enrollment and achievement, ethnographic…

Woodrow, Janice E. J.; Mayer-Smith, Jolie A.; Pedretti, Erminia G.

2000-01-01

290

Tier 3 Specialized Writing Instruction for Students with Dyslexia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two instructional experiments used randomized, controlled designs to evaluate the effectiveness of writing instruction for students with carefully diagnosed dyslexia, which is both an oral reading and writing disorder, characterized by impaired "word" decoding, reading, and spelling. In Study 1 (4th to 6th grade sample and 7th to 9th grade…

Berninger, Virginia W.; Winn, William D.; Stock, Patricia; Abbott, Robert D.; Eschen, Kate; Lin, Shin-Ju; Garcia, Noelia; Anderson-Youngstrom, Marci; Murphy, Heather; Lovitt, Dan; Trivedi, Pamala; Jones, Janine; Amtmann, Dagmar; Nagy, William

2008-01-01

291

Achievement Monitoring of Individually Paced Instruction. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was made to monitor achievement of individually paced instruction. The project concentrated on designing testing procedures in group paced instructional programs to provide information to student, teachers, parents and administrators which could be used in both a formative and summative evaluation. The three objectives of the project were:…

Pinsky, Paul D.

292

A Model for Personalizing Instruction in Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The DICSIE (describe, interact, control, select, instruct, and evaluate) model provides a systematic approach to personalizing instruction in teacher education. First, the individual learning style of the student is determined and a description is given by the instructor of the teaching methods most commonly used in the classroom. Awareness of the…

Reiff, Judith C.

293

Modeling Instruction: The Impact of Professional Development on Instructional Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modeling Instruction holds the potential for transforming science instruction and improving student achievement. Key to the success of Modeling Instruction, however, is the fidelity of implementation of its curriculum. This qualitative study examined the impact of Modeling Instruction professional development on participating teachers'…

Barlow, Angela T.; Frick, Tasha M.; Barker, Heather L.; Phelps, Amy J.

2014-01-01

294

Instructional Design and the Importance of Instructional Alignment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights the instructional design process followed by the Maricopa Community College faculty in the creation of instructional modules in Digital Visual Literacy. The paper categorizes 10 tasks that an instructional designer, a teacher, or a trainer performs during the design phase of the instructional design process. The importance of…

Martin, Florence

2011-01-01

295

Using "Instructional Routines" to Differentiate Instruction: A Guide for Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differentiated instruction means matching instruction to meet the different needs of learners. To deliver the wide range of instruction required to accommodate differing levels of learners in a classroom, teachers must use data-informed, small group instruction designed specifically to meet students' needs (Kosanovich, Ladinsky, Nelson, Torgesen,…

Kosanovich, Marcia

2012-01-01

296

Instructions to Activate Evaluations (* = required fields that must be completed) Login to PeopleAdmin: http://ecu.peopleadmin.com/hr  

E-print Network

by position # or seated employee. Click search. 5. Select ,,Start Action to begin performance evaluation ,,Begin New Performance Evaluation 3. Select the evaluation type you would like to do (Final) by clicking ,,Start Action 4. Use the search criteria to find the employee you will be evaluating. You can search

297

A Program for Instructional Development at the University of North Dakota. Instructional Development Report. Third Progress Report, 1982-83.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1982-1983 instructional development program at the University of North Dakota (UND) is described, with attention to activities, program evaluation results, and future directions. Additionally, a report of expenditures for 1982-1983 is included. The 3-year instructional development program was designed to provide resources for improved…

Young, Robert E.

298

Getting to the point: attempting to improve juror comprehension of capital penalty phase instructions.  

PubMed

This research examined the effects of several versions of capital penalty phase instructions on juror comprehension. Study One documented the impact of California's recently implemented "plain language" instruction. It showed that although the new instruction has clear advantages over the previous version, significant comprehension problems remain. Study Two evaluated several modified instructions designed to enhance comprehension. Participants heard either a standard patterned instruction or one of two alternatives-a psycholinguistically improved instruction, or a "pinpoint" instruction using case-related facts to illustrate key terms-in a simulated death penalty sentencing phase. Persons who heard modified instructions demonstrated higher levels of comprehension on virtually every measure as compared to those in the standard instruction condition. PMID:20936335

Smith, Amy E; Haney, Craig

2011-10-01

299

TECHNOLOGY AND THE INSTRUCTIONAL PROCESS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A TEACHER SHORTAGE, LARGE CLASSES, AND NEED FOR QUALITY INSTRUCTION FORCED EDUCATION INTO MASS INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY. INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY IS GOVERNED BY SUCH SYSTEMS AS TELEVISION AND FILMS WHICH CAN REACH MORE STUDENTS WITH FEWER TEACHERS. THERE IS A TREND TOWARD INDIVIDUAL INSTRUCTION UTILIZING TEACHING MACHINES. IF A COMBINATION OF…

FINN, JAMES D.

300

Tools for Automating Instructional Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses and describes automated instructional design (AID) tools that assist instructional designers and others in creating instructional products to improve learning. Highlights include expert systems; advisory systems; information management systems; electronic performance support systems; and authoring tools for computer-based instruction.…

Kasowitz, Abby

2000-01-01

301

Performance evaluation of the IBM RISC (reduced instruction set computer) System/6000: Comparison of an optimized scalar processor with two vector processors  

SciTech Connect

RISC System/6000 computers are workstations with a reduced instruction set processor recently developed by IBM. This report details the performance of the 6000-series computers as measured using a set of portable, standard-Fortran, computationally-intensive benchmark codes that represent the scientific workload at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. On all but three of our benchmark codes, the 40-ns RISC System was able to perform as well as a single Convex C-240 processor, a vector processor that also has a 40-ns clock cycle, and on these same codes, it performed as well as the FPS-500, a vector processor with a 30-ns clock cycle. 17 refs., 2 figs., 6 tabs.

Simmons, M.L.; Wasserman, H.J.

1990-01-01

302

Pingus Penguins: Writing Good Instructions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use the free computer game Pingus to learn how engineers, specifically environmental engineers, use their technical writing skills to give instructions and follow the instructions of others. Students learn to write instructions to express their ideas in clear, organized ways using descriptive, un-ambiguous sentences, as an example of one type of technical writing that important for engineers. The students write instructions enumerating how to beat a game level, which represents surveying that level for environmental problems. As a test of their instructions, students review each others' instructions and offer suggestions for improvement, and then revise their instructions to make them better. Students also see some examples of environmental problems.

2014-09-18

303

The Instructional Quality Inventory: IV. Job Performance Aid. Special Report 79-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for educators and trainers in the U.S. Navy, this Instructional Quality Inventory (IQI) is designed to provide quality control and evaluation procedures for instructional development. A by-step instructional development approach is provided for each of five categories: objective adequacy, test consistency, test adequacy, presentation…

Ellis, John A.; Wulfeck, Wallace H., II

304

Electronic Assembly Self-Instructional Training System for the Deaf: Documentary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported are the origins, development, and preliminary evaluation of a self-instructional training system to prepare deaf high school students for entry-level electronic assembly jobs in industry. Description of the training system focuses on the following topics: the instructional concept on which the system is based; the method of instruction

Persselin, Leo E.

305

A Comparative Analysis of Number Sense Instruction in Reform-Based and Traditional Mathematics Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared number sense instruction in three first-grade traditional mathematics textbooks and one reform-based textbook ("Everyday Mathematics" [EM]). Textbooks were evaluated with regard to their adherence to principles of effective instruction (e.g., big ideas, conspicuous instruction). The results indicated that traditional textbooks…

Sood, Sheetal; Jitendra, Asha K.

2007-01-01

306

EMERGENT INTRAVERBAL RESPONSES VIA TACT AND MATCH-TO-SAMPLE INSTRUCTION  

PubMed Central

The present investigation evaluated the effectiveness of category tact and match-to-sample instruction in facilitating the emergence of intraverbal responses (i.e., naming several items belonging to a specific category) for 2 children with autism. Results demonstrated the emergence of untaught responses, suggesting an effective instructional protocol for establishing intraverbal responses without direct instruction. PMID:23060673

Grannan, Leigh; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne

2012-01-01

307

Using Multimedia for Effective Teaching: Matching Instructions to Student's Learning Styles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the evaluation of an adaptive multimedia courseware for teaching secondary school Mathematics. The courseware consists of a diagnostic module and the instructional modules. The diagnostic modules provide data for automatic adaptation of instructions based on user's learning styles and knowledge level in the given topic. The instructional modules were designed based on four dominant learning styles; global-visual,

Nor Azan Mat Zin

2006-01-01

308

Designing Printed Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of identifying the audience and determining specific objectives when designing printed instructional materials that will communicate effectively and provides detailed guidelines for dealing with such design factors as content, writing style, typography, illustrations, and page organization. (MBR)

Burbank, Lucille; Pett, Dennis

1986-01-01

309

PIO Instructions and Tools  

Cancer.gov

PIO Instructions and Tools View All  |  Tab View Consortia 2012 Consortia 2003 NCORP Grants Protocol Development Task Order Technical Proposal Submission Form (doc, 34kb) DCP Consortia Protocol Submission Worksheet (doc, 67kb) DCP Consortia

310

EPIE Instructional Materials Selection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the instructional medium of 8mm film and the incompatibility problem: standard 8 versus super 8, silent versus sound, cartridge versus reel-to-reel, optical sound versus magnetic sound, and the silent 8mm film loop. (AN)

NASSP Bulletin, 1972

1972-01-01

311

GEOENGINEERING MINOR INSTRUCTIONS  

E-print Network

GEOENGINEERING MINOR INSTRUCTIONS GENERAL Geoengineering is traditionally an interdisciplinary in geoengineering. This minor is suitable for students interested in either professional practice or in graduate The Faculty Advisor for the Geoengineering Minor is Professor Nicholas Sitar. REQUIREMENTS To be considered

Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

312

7 CFR Exhibit B-1 to Subpart I of... - Instructions for Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants B... HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants Pt...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants...

2010-01-01

313

7 CFR Exhibit B-1 to Subpart I of... - Instructions for Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants B... HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants Pt...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants...

2014-01-01

314

7 CFR Exhibit B-1 to Subpart I of... - Instructions for Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants B... HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants Pt...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants...

2012-01-01

315

7 CFR Exhibit B-1 to Subpart I of... - Instructions for Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants B... HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants Pt...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants...

2013-01-01

316

7 CFR Exhibit B-1 to Subpart I of... - Instructions for Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants B... HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants Pt...Preparation of Evaluation Report of Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants...

2011-01-01

317

Hypertext as instructional design  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, hypertext is compared with instructional design principles and processes. Contrary to initial perceptions,\\u000a hypertext can be considered to be theoretically and operationally consistent with instructional design in that both share\\u000a theoretical foundations in cognitive and systems theory and practical elements of learning environment design. The ability\\u000a to tailor and extend the functionality of hypertext systems makes them

David H. Jonassen

1991-01-01

318

Examining First Grade Teachers' Handwriting Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the first grade teachers' practices of handwriting instructions in terms of teaching, evaluation and handwriting difficulties. From qualitative research patterns, phenomenology was used. The study was applied to the 54 First grade teachers who work at central Burdur and Burdur county centre primary education…

Arslan, Derya

2012-01-01

319

How Career Ladders Can Improve Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Salt Lake City (Utah) schools' five instructional improvement goals, including clearly developed learning objectives, effective teaching and evaluation models, appropriate assessment tools, an energized classroom environment, and career leaders to attract and retain superior teachers. Discusses career ladder systems, focusing on teacher…

Bennion, John W.

1987-01-01

320

Instructional Practices in the Humanities and Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings are summarized for a survey of 15% of the nation's community colleges which was conducted in 1977 and 1978. The survey investigated types of courses, enrollments, and instructional practices in the humanities, sciences, social sciences, and technologies and evaluated findings in terms of institutional size, location, and governance. The…

Cohen, Arthur M.; Brawer, Florence B.

321

People Admin Interim Evaluations Instructions 1. Log in as supervisor. If not logged in as supervisor, select change user type to supervisor.  

E-print Network

# or seated employee. Click search. 5. Select ,,Start Action to begin performance evaluation in as supervisor, select change user type to supervisor. 2. Click ,,Begin New Performance Evaluation 3. Select criteria to find the employee you would like to do the evaluation on. You can search by position

322

Systematic instruction for individuals with acquired brain injury: Results of a randomised controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to evaluate experimentally systematic instruction compared with trial-and-error learning (conventional instruction) applied to assistive technology for cognition (ATC), in a double-blind, pre-test–post-test, randomised controlled trial. Twenty-nine persons with moderate–severe cognitive impairments due to acquired brain injury (15 in systematic instruction group; 14 in conventional instruction) completed the study. Both groups received 12, 45-minute individual

Laurie Ehlhardt Powell; Ann Glang; Deborah Ettel; Bonnie Todis; McKay Moore Sohlberg; Richard Albin

2012-01-01

323

Effect of Varied Instructions on Student Ratings of College Instructors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Illinois Course Evaluation Questionnaire, 850 college students' evaluations of their teachers did not vary significantly with the use of 3 different sets of instructions, each explaining a different purpose for the evaluation. In evaluating 40 graduate teaching assistants, assistant professors and full professors, graduate students rated…

Gupta, Venu G.

324

An Evaluation of Pronunciation Teaching Content of "English for Palestine 10" and Related Teachers' Competency Level in Light of Current Instructional Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate pronunciation teaching with regard to an EFL multi-skills textbook ("English for Palestine 10"). The evaluation was intended to identify the extent to which pronunciation teaching content incorporated in" English for Palestine 10," in addition to the related teachers' competency level match current…

Al-Najjar, Rana Abdel-Rahman

2012-01-01

325

Evaluation of a Theory of Instructional Sequences for Physics Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The background of the study is the theory of basis models of teaching and learning, a comprehensive set of models of learning processes which includes, for example, learning through experience and problem?solving. The combined use of different models of learning processes has not been fully investigated and it is frequently not clear under what circumstances a particular model should be

Rainer Wackermann; Georg Trendel; Hans E. Fischer

2010-01-01

326

Evaluation of a Theory of Instructional Sequences for Physics Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The background of the study is the theory of "basis models of teaching and learning", a comprehensive set of models of learning processes which includes, for example, learning through experience and problem-solving. The combined use of different models of learning processes has not been fully investigated and it is frequently not clear under what…

Wackermann, Rainer; Trendel, Georg; Fischer, Hans E.

2010-01-01

327

Effective Reading Comprehension Instruction: Examining Child × Instruction Interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effect of 3rd-grade language arts instruction on growth in children's reading comprehension skills and the degree to which the impact of instruction depended on the language and reading skills children brought to the classroom. Classrooms were observed in the fall, winter, and spring, and language arts activities were coded using multiple dimensions of instruction. Overall, the

Carol McDonald Connor; Frederick J. Morrison; Jocelyn N. Petrella

2004-01-01

328

Enhancing Instructional Design Efficiency: Methodologies Employed by Instructional Designers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional systems design (ISD) has been frequently criticised as taking too long to implement, calling for a reduction in cycle time--the time that elapses between project initiation and delivery. While instructional design research has historically focused on increasing "learner" efficiencies, the study of what instructional designers do to…

Roytek, Margaret A.

2010-01-01

329

Imaginative instruction: what master storytellers can teach instructional designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Good instructional storytelling engages students’ attention and cognitive abilities to the end of more effective learning, and instructional researchers have discussed whether the principles of storytelling could lead to the same or similar results if applied to educational situations beyond only telling traditional stories. But despite this potential, the principles of storytelling are seemingly underutilized by today’s instructional designers. This

Jason K. McDonald

2009-01-01

330

Instruct coders' manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A manual designed both as an instructional manual for beginning coders and as a reference manual for the coding language INSTRUCT, is presented. The manual includes the major programs necessary to implement the teaching system and lists the limitation of current implementation. A detailed description is given of how to code a lesson, what buttons to push, and what utility programs to use. Suggestions for debugging coded lessons and the error messages that may be received during assembly or while running the lesson are given.

Friend, J.

1971-01-01

331

The Measurement of Instructional Accomplishments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional System Technology in recent years has been characterized by an increase in individualized instruction and the modularization of the curriculum. In traditional systems the learners are forced to take blocks of instruction the size of entire courses and these are much too large. The courses can now be broken down into conceptual…

Fraley, Lawrence E.; Vargas, Ernest A.

332

Using Video to Enhance Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of eight major sections in this report on the use of instructional video at the University of Washington focuses on the usefulness of video. The second section provides an overview of videotape and videodisc technology, and the third lists instructional goals which may be achieved through instructional video. Examples of the use of video…

Quigley, Brooke

333

Individual Differences, Computers, and Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a conceptual foundation for the development of hypermedia as an instructional tool for addressing individual differences in learning styles. Highlights include a literature review; computers and instruction; individual differences, computers, and instruction; cognitive controls; cognitive styles and learning; personality types; and future…

Ayersman, David J.; Minden, Avril von

1995-01-01

334

Academic and Military Instructional Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the practices and accomplishments of the military in the area of instructional technology. An examination of historical background is used to increase the precision of the definition of instructional technology. Specific contributions of the military are described and then uses of instructional technology in the military and…

Branson, Robert K.

335

Simplifying Tennis Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How many physical education programs incorporate tennis into the curriculum? How many physical educators feel proficient enough to teach tennis? Equally important, do students truly make progress when tennis is taught? Tennis instruction in secondary physical education settings is often frustrating for students and teachers alike. Many physical…

Vasil, Jay

2005-01-01

336

Industry and Instructional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter examines the current state of instructional development (ID) in business and industry, emphasizing the differences between ID in industry and in education. The competency studies of both the American Society for Testing and Development (ASTD) and the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) are considered, and…

Wallington, Clint

337

INSTRUCTIONS FOR SUBMITTING NUCLEAR  

E-print Network

waste management proceedings. Keywords Nuclear, nuclear power plant, spent fuel, nuclear waste, dataCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTRUCTIONS FOR SUBMITTING NUCLEAR POWER PLANT-RELATED DATA of Submitted Data 3 NUCLEAR POWER PLANT DATA REQUESTS 6 A. Environmental Impacts 6 B. Spent Fuel Generation 8 C

338

Principals as Instructional Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At some level, principals always have been instructional leaders--but never before has their role been more prominent. First, the accountability movement--No Child Left Behind (NCLB) in particular--thrust principals into the spotlight on academic achievement. Then budget cuts peeled away capacity at both the district and school levels, thinning…

Finkel, Ed

2012-01-01

339

Conservation. Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy developed as part of a descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas (see note). The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…

Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan

340

At Home Instructional Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a federally funded project involving 80 children (1-4 years old) with a variety of intellectual, social, emotional, and/or physical handicaps, the manual contains 12 units for home instruction of young handicapped and non handicapped children. Included are listings of overall objectives and suggested activities to promote language, gross…

Hilton, Vicky E., Comp.

341

Selected Multicultural Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a compilation of ten multicultural instructional booklets that were prepared and published by the Seattle, Washington, School District. The first booklet, entitled "Selected Multi-ethnic/Multicultural Events and Personalities," lists and describes (1) major holidays and events celebrated in the United States, and (2) American ethnic…

Seattle School District 1, WA.

342

Instructional Guidelines. Welding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the standards of the American Welding Society and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, this welding instructional guidelines manual presents a course of study in accordance with the current practices in industry. Intended for use in welding programs now practiced within the Federal Prison System, the phases of the program are…

Fordyce, H. L.; Doshier, Dale

343

Instructions Hiring Manager  

E-print Network

/6/2006 #12;Professional Staff Performance Review Employee Name(Last ) (First) (M.I.) Position TitleInstructions Hiring Manager · Review employee's job description to ensure that job duties and requirements still current. · Review performance goals and objectives that may have been established

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

344

Theme: Laboratory Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of theme articles discuss setting up laboratory hydroponics units, the school farm at the Zuni Pueblo in New Mexico, laboratory experiences in natural resources management and urban horticulture, the development of teaching labs at Derry (PA) High School, management of instructional laboratories, and industry involvement in agricultural…

Bruening, Thomas H.; And Others

1992-01-01

345

CONFIDENTIALITY AGREEMENT Instructions  

E-print Network

CONFIDENTIALITY AGREEMENT Instructions: Students employed by the Office of Student Financial Aid Services must review and sign the Confidentiality Agreement each academic year. Completed forms this confidentiality agreement and agree to maintain the confidentiality of all such information. I further agree

Lozano-Robledo, Alvaro

346

Individualized Instruction and Unipacs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individualized instruction is an educational program in which grade levels and time units are designed to permit the student to work at his own pace and level with the use of unipacs. The unipac, a "unique package," is a specially designed group of learning activities based on specific behavioral objectives chosen by the student. Unipacs consist…

Kohut, Sylvester, Jr.

347

Instructional Technology. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue includes five articles that focus on implementing instructional technology in ways that benefit all students, including limited-English-proficient, minority, economically disadvantaged, and at-risk students. "Cruising the Web with English Language Learners" (Laura Chris Green) presents three scenarios using the World Wide Web in…

IDRA Newsletter, 1997

1997-01-01

348

Apparel. Teacher's Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide for a one-half credit technological laboratory course for grades 10-12 focuses on apparel from the perspectives of personal decision making related to apparel, the apparel industry, and career preparation. Introductory materials are a course description; overview of course design; facilities, equipment, and resources; and…

Rambo, Patti

349

DC Protein Assay Instruction  

E-print Network

DC Protein Assay Instruction Manual For Technical Service Call Your Local Bio-Rad Office and Principle The Bio-Rad DC Protein Assay is a colorimetric assay for protein concen- tration following preparation Spectrophotometer set to 750 nm 1 #12;Vortex mixer Plastic or glass cuvettes with 1 cm path length

Lebendiker, Mario

350

Adult Learning and Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These eight conference papers discuss adult learning, instructional theory, and related issues in research and practice. Focusing on processes of educational change, the first paper considers how experienced teachers, educational theorists, and researchers possessing empirically tested knowledge can cooperate in program planning. The next paper…

Grabowski, Stanley M., Ed.

351

Wind Power. Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy developed as part of a descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas (see note). The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…

Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan

352

Course Syllabus Template Instructions  

E-print Network

Course Syllabus Template Instructions What We are providing you with a template syllabus for JHU encouraged to use this template when preparing the syllabus for their courses. Most faculty will use the wse-syllabus-template.* documents, except as follows: Department Please use Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering chembe-syllabus

Ghosh, Somnath

353

Metaphor and Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of the role of the metaphor in instruction begins with a brief description of historical thinking on the subject. Modern views of the metaphor as a psychological mechanism rather than just a figure of speech are then presented, with emphasis on reasons why metaphors should be helpful in education. It is noted that the hypothesis that…

Tripp, Steven D.

354

Psychologism and Instructional Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little of the work in critical and hermeneutical psychology has been linked to instructional technology (IT). This article provides a discussion in order to fill the gap in this direction. The article presents a brief genealogy of American IT in relation to the influence of psychology. It also provides a critical and hermeneutical framework for…

Gur, Bekir S.; Wiley, David A.

2009-01-01

355

Individualized Instruction in Hebrew.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Hebrew program at the State University of New York at Albany uses a variety of instructional approaches tailored to individual learning styles. A major program component is the use of 108 half-hour videotaped lessons that include opportunities for student response, graphics, and skits demonstrating and eliciting appropriate usage. Many of the…

Grossberg, Daniel; DeBenedetti, Jana

356

Earth Sciences Emergency Instructions  

E-print Network

Earth Sciences Emergency Instructions In the event of an EMERGENCY dial 403-220-5333 for Campus Stay close to the ground and protect your head from flying objects If outdoors and unable to safely get inside, lie in a ditch or low-lying area or crouch near a building Armed Assailant on Campus

de Leon, Alex R.

357

Solar Energy. Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy developed as part of a descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas (see note). The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…

Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan

358

Nuclear Energy. Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of five learning packets on alternative energy (see note) developed as part of a descriptive curriculum research project in Arkansas. The overall objectives of the learning packets are to improve the level of instruction in the alternative energies by vocational exploration teachers, and to facilitate the integration of new…

Jordan, Kenneth; Thessing, Dan

359

Environmental Factors Influence Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author cites studies which prove shop students are correct when they say they "can't hear" with the radial arm saw operating; earmuffs and earplugs, while they help eliminate the health problem, further restrict communication. Provide verbal instructions prior to the operation of the noise generating tools, the author suggests. (AJ)

Clark, Winfrey; Bear, Forrest

1975-01-01

360

Tutored Videotape Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a new technique for using videotaped educational materials that could form an important part of a satellite based educational delivery system. The method uses videotapes of regular classroom courses for the instruction of small groups of remote students who are assisted by paraprofessional tutors. The method is called the…

Gibbons, James F.

361

Foreign Language Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The marked growth in foreign language instruction during the 1957-1960 period is noted and is attributed to the National Defense Education Act (NDEA) of 1958, to the establishment of language laboratory facilities, to the wider use of audiovisual aids and teaching machines, and to the application of linguistic science to language teaching.…

Johnston, Marjorie C.

1961-01-01

362

Building District Capacity for System-Wide Instructional Improvement in Stamford Public Schools. Working Paper. GE Foundation "Developing Futures"™ in Education Evaluation Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures"™ in Education program in Stamford Public Schools (SPS). The purpose was to closely analyze district capacity to support system-wide…

Fink, Ryan; Riggan, Matt

2013-01-01

363

The Impact of Instruction in the WWWDOT Framework on Students' Disposition and Ability to Evaluate Web Sites as Sources of Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much research has demonstrated that students are largely uncritical users of Web sites as sources of information. Research-tested frameworks are needed to increase elementary-age students' awareness of the need and ability to critically evaluate Web sites as sources of information. This study is a randomized field trial of such a framework called…

Zhang, Shenglan; Duke, Nell K.

2011-01-01

364

A Resource Manual for the Development and Evaluation of Special Programs for Exceptional Students. Volume III-I: Computer Assisted Instruction and Support for the Handicapped. Interim Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report describes programs and equipment being evaluated by a project designed to identify and provide microcomputer based devices and materials for students with handicapping conditions. Software/courseware descriptions are organized according to copyright programs and public domain programs. Commercially available products are listed with…

Sarasota County Public Schools, FL.

365

Building District Capacity for System-Wide Instructional Improvement in Cincinnati Public Schools. Working Paper. GE Foundation "Developing Futures"™ in Education Evaluation Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures"™ in Education program in Cincinnati Public Schools (CPS). The purpose was to closely analyze district capacity to support system-wide…

Sam, Cecile; Riggan, Matt

2013-01-01

366

Building District Capacity for System-Wide Instructional Improvement in Jefferson County Public Schools. Working Paper. GE Foundation "Developing Futures"™ in Education Evaluation Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures"™ in Education program in Jefferson County Public Schools (JCPS). As described in the CPRE proposal and research design, the purpose was to…

Darfler, Anne; Riggan, Matt

2013-01-01

367

Building District Capacity for System-Wide Instructional Improvement in Erie Public Schools. Working Paper. GE Foundation "Developing Futures"™ in Education Evaluation Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes findings from one component of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education's (CPRE) evaluation of the General Electric Foundation's (GEF) "Developing Futures" ™ in Education program in Erie Public Schools (EPS). As described in the CPRE proposal and research design, the purpose was to closely analyze…

Riggan, Matt; Fink, Ryan; Sam, Cecile; Darfler, Anne

2013-01-01

368

A Holistic Approach to Evaluation: Assessment of the Organizational Effectiveness of Total School Systems & Their Impact on Improving Instructional Leadership, Teacher Skills & Student Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Center for Excellence in Education at Northern Arizona University has learned a great deal from the past 5 years of research and evaluation of 15 pilot-test school districts, as they endeavor to restructure and make positive changes. The purpose of the reform movement is to provide adequate incentives for recruitment, retention, and motivation…

Packard, Richard D.

369

Watch, Discover, Think, and Act: Evaluation of Computer-Assisted Instruction To Improve Asthma Self-Management in Inner-City Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interactive multimedia computer game to enhance self-management skills and thereby improve asthma outcomes in inner city children with asthma was evaluated. Results find that the intervention was associated with fewer hospitalizations, better symptom scores, increased functional status, greater knowledge of asthma management, and better child…

Bartholomew, L. K.; Gold, R. S.; Parcel, G. S.; Czyzewski, D. I.; Sockrider, M. M.; Fernandez, M.; Shegog, R.; Swank, P.

2000-01-01

370

Laboratory Instructional Practices Inventory: A Tool for Assessing the Transformation of Undergraduate Laboratory Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the process of working through evaluation of efforts to transform undergraduate laboratory experiences at our institution, we developed a protocol for observing laboratory learning environments that could be used in varying institutional contexts. We began using the Instructional Practices Inventory and found many strengths in this protocol but…

Sadler, Troy D.; Puig, Ana; Trutschel, Brian K.

2011-01-01

371

A Program of Computer Assisted Instruction for a Personalized Instructional Course in Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed is the design, development, and evaluation of a self-paced college program in statistics which used computer assisted instruction. The program permitted a great deal of individual attention to weak students and freed the strong student to whip through the acquisition of the tools necessary to plan and conduct research. (RM)

Mausner, Bernard; And Others

1983-01-01

372

Security classification of information concerning high-energy lasers. Instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Instruction reissues Department of Defense (DoD) Instruction 5210.61, April 7, 1977, to update policy and guidance, and establishes uniform criteria for the security classification of information concerning DoD programs and projects involving the research, development, test and evaluation (RDT E), application, production, and operational use of high-energy lasers (HEL), and their application for military purposes, whether as weapons or

MacCallum

1981-01-01

373

Student Perceptions of University Physical Activity Instruction Courses Taught Utilizing Sport Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limited research exists on effective teaching methods in university physical activity instruction (PAI) program courses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate PAI courses taught utilizing a sport education curriculum and instructional model. The Individual Development and Educational Assessment (IDEA) teaching evaluation was administered to…

Mohr, Derek J.; Sibley, Benjamin A.; Townsend, J. Scott

2012-01-01

374

Northern Taiwanese EFL University Instructors' Perceptions toward Student Ratings of Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student ratings of instruction (SRI) can be a valuable indicator of teaching because the quality measurement of instruction identifies areas where improvement is needed. SRI is expected to evaluate and enhance teaching strategies. Evaluation of teaching effectiveness has been officially implemented in Taiwanese higher education since 2005. This…

Chen, Ying-Ling

2013-01-01

375

Embedding instructive feedback into teacher-student interactions during independent seat work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of embedding a constant time delay procedure into an independent seat work activity and using instructive feedback were evaluated in this study. Seven students with mild disabilities participated in the study that occurred in their special education classroom. A multiple probe design across sets of target behaviors was used, and students' responses to instructive feedback stimuli were evaluated

Nicola K. Caldwell; Mark Wolery; Margaret G. Werts; Yvonne Caldwell

1996-01-01

376

Code-Oriented Instruction for Kindergarten Students At Risk for Reading Difficulties: A Randomized Field Trial With Paraeducator Implementers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of code-oriented supplemental instruction for kindergarten students at risk for reading difficulties. Paraeducators were trained to provide 18 weeks of explicit instruction in phonemic skills and the alphabetic code. Students identified by their teachers meeting study eligibility criteria were randomly assigned to 2 groups: individual supplemental instruction and control. Students

Patricia F. Vadasy; Elizabeth A. Sanders; Julia A. Peyton

2006-01-01

377

Instructional immediacy in elearning.  

PubMed

Instructor immediacy has been positively associated with many desirable academic outcomes including increased student learning. This study extends existing understanding of instructional immediacy behaviours in elearning by describing postgraduate nursing students' reflections on their own experience. An exploratory, descriptive survey design was used to collect qualitative data. Participants were asked what behaviours or activities help to create rapport or a positive interpersonal connection (immediacy) between students and their online teacher(s). Thematic analysis of the data revealed three main themes: acknowledging and affirming student's personal and professional responsibilities; providing clear and timely information; and utilising rich media. These findings give lecturers insight into instructional strategies they may adopt to increase immediacy in elearning and hence improve student learning outcomes. PMID:25632711

Walkem, Kerrie

2014-01-01

378

The simulated instructional computer  

E-print Network

: Computer Science THE SIMUIATED INSTRUCTIONAL COMPUTER A Thesis By ALLEN WAYNE HATHAWAY Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committee Member January 1966 ACKHCHLEDOEMEHTS The candidate wishes to express his gratitutde to Mr. J. M... credit hour course meeting for three lecture hours and one two hour laboratory per week. The course was intended for seniors in science, engineering, and. in business. In addition, the course was taken by many beginning graduate students in computer...

Hathaway, Allen Wayne

1966-01-01

379

Universal Design of Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article lays out a set of principles to provide guidance in the design of academic environments, communications, and products that cater to students with disabilities such as blindness, low vision, hearing impairments, mobility impairments, learning disabilities, and health impairments. The field of universal design can provide a starting point for developing an inclusive model for instruction. One can apply this body of knowledge to create courses where lectures, discussions, visual aids, videotapes, printed materials, labs, and fieldwork are accessible to all students.

380

Designing effective instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  We have usedDesigning Effective Instruction in introductory ID courses and experienced its use from both the instructors' and the learners' perspective. Our overall\\u000a conclusion is that it is highly usable and accessible to beginning ID students, including those whose first language may not\\u000a be English. The ID model presented is clear and the focus on the learner throughout is appropriate

Gary J. Anglin; Steven M. Ross; Jerrold E. Kemp

2002-01-01

381

Code inspection instructional validation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Shuttle Data Systems Branch (SDSB) of the Flight Data Systems Division (FDSD) at Johnson Space Center contracted with Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) to validate the effectiveness of an interactive video course on the code inspection process. The purpose of this project was to determine if this course could be effective for teaching NASA analysts the process of code inspection. In addition, NASA was interested in the effectiveness of this unique type of instruction (Digital Video Interactive), for providing training on software processes. This study found the Carnegie Mellon course, 'A Cure for the Common Code', effective for teaching the process of code inspection. In addition, analysts prefer learning with this method of instruction, or this method in combination with other methods. As is, the course is definitely better than no course at all; however, findings indicate changes are needed. Following are conclusions of this study. (1) The course is instructionally effective. (2) The simulation has a positive effect on student's confidence in his ability to apply new knowledge. (3) Analysts like the course and prefer this method of training, or this method in combination with current methods of training in code inspection, over the way training is currently being conducted. (4) Analysts responded favorably to information presented through scenarios incorporating full motion video. (5) Some course content needs to be changed. (6) Some content needs to be added to the course. SwRI believes this study indicates interactive video instruction combined with simulation is effective for teaching software processes. Based on the conclusions of this study, SwRI has outlined seven options for NASA to consider. SwRI recommends the option which involves creation of new source code and data files, but uses much of the existing content and design from the current course. Although this option involves a significant software development effort, SwRI believes this option will produce the most effective results.

Orr, Kay; Stancil, Shirley

1992-01-01

382

The development and evaluation of an adaptable computer aided instruction(CAI) program for acquiring problem solving skills in biochemistry on the WWW: The "BioChem Thinker".  

PubMed Central

BioChem Thinker is a CAI program that was developed to enhance problem solving skills and ability to integrate knowledge in biochemistry for medical and dental students. The program runs on a WWW browser. BioChem Thinker is adaptable, it enables the teacher to create a new problem solving assignment, or edit existing assignments without in-depth knowledge of computer programming. This provides teachers with greater independence and flexibility so as to be able to adapt the program to their own course requirements. The program was implemented and evaluated in the 3rd year biochemistry course of The Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School. The tool used to develop Biochem Thinker can be utilized to develop similar CAI in other biomedical areas. PMID:9357717

Hershkovitz, B.

1997-01-01

383

Learning from programmed instruction: Examining implications for modern instructional technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports a theoretical examination of several parallels between contemporary instructional technology (as manifest\\u000a in one of its most current manifestations, online learning) and one of its direct predecessors, programmed instruction. We\\u000a place particular focus on the unterlying assumptions of the two movements. Our analysis suggests that four assumptions that\\u000a contributed to the historical demise of programmed instruction—(a) ontological

Jason K. McDonald; Stephen C. Yanchar; Russell T. Osguthorpe

2005-01-01

384

Program Evaluation at Foothill College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation systems were designed for the assessment of the instructional and non-instructional programs at Foothill College (California) to determine whether the objectives of the programs were being met and to ascertain the direct and indirect costs of the programs. For the instructional programs, criteria for determining effectiveness, revenue…

Lowe, Irel D.

385

Developing Knowledge and Skills for Aspiring Educational Leaders that Address Best Practices in Classroom Assessment and Instruction: An NCPEA Course Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an Instructional Module for a course entitled Assessment and Instruction for Educational Leaders addresses classroom assessment and the evaluation of instruction. The goal of this course is to help aspiring educational leaders to develop teacher observation and evaluation skills, better understand the construction of teacher generated…

Del Favero, Frank

2011-01-01

386

Instructional Development: Themata, Archetypes, Paradigms and Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter discusses the foundations of instructional development and analyzes the development of various models, paradigms, archetypes, and themata used to describe instructional development. Two key strands in the literature of instructional development--instructional efficiency ("doing the right things") and instructional effectiveness…

Davies, Ivor

387

Future development of instructional television  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of television in schools as an aid to instruction is proposed for individualized instruction, repetition for slow learners, acceleration for fast learners, and lectures from the best teachers for all students. A dedicated school district cable system, a 40 channel cable to each school and classroom, is considered. This innovation offers an opportunity for improving the quality and content of the school's instruction and for reducing the cost.

Barnett, H. J.; Denzau, A. T.; Dumolin, J. R.; Singh, J. P.

1971-01-01

388

Putting Instruction Sequences into Effect  

E-print Network

An attempt is made to define the concept of execution of an instruction sequence. It is found to be a special case of directly putting into effect of an instruction sequence. Directly putting into effect of an instruction sequences comprises interpretation as well as execution. Directly putting into effect is a special case of putting into effect with other special cases classified as indirectly putting into effect.

Bergstra, Jan A

2011-01-01

389

Dynamic Hammock Predication for Non-Predicated Instruction Set Architectures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional speculative architectures use branch prediction to evaluate the most likely execution path during program execution. However, certain branches are difficult to predict. One solution to this problem is to evaluate both paths following such a condi- tional branch. Predicated execution can be used to implement this form of multi-path execution. Predicated architectures fetch and is- sue instructions that have

Artur Klauser; Todd M. Austin; Dirk Grunwald; Brad Calder

1998-01-01

390

Computer Assisted Instruction. A Report to the Board.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the findings of an evaluation conducted in the Greater Albany Public School System 8J (Oregon) to determine the effects of computer assisted instruction (CAI) in mathematics as delivered by the WICAT System 300 at the Periwinkle Elementary School. Evaluation activities were designed and conducted to determine whether the…

Stoneberg, Bert, Jr.

391

Individualization of Instruction Through Reorganization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author's proposal (IDEAS) consists of eight operational units: instructional program, curriculum counseling, space utilization, storage and retrieval, computer program, electronics system, quality control, and administrative system." (Editor)

Miles, James S.

1971-01-01

392

Learning from Programmed Instruction: Examining Implications for Modern Instructional Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a theoretical examination of several parallels between contemporary instructional technology (as manifest in one of its most current manifestations, online learning) and one of its direct predecessors, programmed instruction. We place particular focus on the underlying assumptions of the two movements. Our analysis suggests…

McDonald, Jason K.; Yanchar, Stephen C.; Osguthorpe, Russell T.

2005-01-01

393

Effects of Instructional Events in Computer-Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty years ago, Robert Gagne published the first edition of his book The Conditions of Learning (1965) in which he proposed nine events of instruction that provide a sequence for organizing a lesson. These events remain the foundation of current instructional design practice (Reiser, 2002; Richey, 2000). They represent desirable conditions in an…

Martin, Florence; Klein, James; Sullivan, Howard

2004-01-01

394

Imaginative Instruction: What Master Storytellers Can Teach Instructional Designers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Good instructional storytelling engages students' attention and cognitive abilities to the end of more effective learning, and instructional researchers have discussed whether the principles of storytelling could lead to the same or similar results if applied to educational situations beyond only telling traditional stories. But despite this…

McDonald, Jason K.

2009-01-01

395

Direct Instruction Revisited: A Key Model for Instructional Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rooted in behavioral theory, particularly the radical or selectivist behaviorism of B.F. Skinner (1953, 1954, 1966, 1968, 1974), the direct instruction (DI) approach to teaching is now well into its third decade of influencing curriculum, instruction, and research. It is also in its third decade of controversy. Our purpose is to present the DI…

Magliaro, Susan G.; Lockee, Barbara B.; Burton, John K.

2005-01-01

396

The Instructional Network: Using Facebook to Enhance Undergraduate Mathematics Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Facebook is a website with over one billion users worldwide that is synonymous with social-networking. However, in this study, Facebook is used as an "instructional network". Two sections of an undergraduate calculus course were used to study the effects of participating in a Facebook group devoted solely to instruction. One section was…

Gregory, Peter; Gregory, Karen; Eddy, Erik

2014-01-01

397

Multilevel library instruction for emerging nursing roles.  

PubMed

As new nursing roles emerge that involve greater decision making than in the past, added responsibility for outcomes and cost control, and increased emphasis on primary care, the information-seeking skills needed by nurses change. A search of library and nursing literature indicates that there is little comprehensive library instruction covering all levels of nursing programs: undergraduate, returning registered nurses, and graduate students. The University of Florida is one of the few places that has such a multilevel, course-integrated curriculum in place for all entrants into the nursing program. Objectives have been developed for each stage of learning. The courses include instruction in the use of the online public access catalog, printed resources, and electronic databases. A library classroom equipped with the latest technology enables student interaction with electronic databases. This paper discusses the program and several methods used to evaluate it. PMID:8547913

Francis, B W; Fisher, C C

1995-10-01

398

A Comparative Analysis of Number Sense Instruction in Reform-Based and Traditional Mathematics Textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared number sense instruction in three first-grade traditional mathematics textbooks and one reform-based textbook (Everyday Mathematics (EM)). Textbooks were evaluated with regard to their adherence to principles of effective instruction (e.g., big ideas, conspicuous instruction). The results indicated that traditional textbooks included more opportunities for number relationship tasks than did EM; in contrast, EM emphasized more real-world connections

Sheetal Sood; Asha K. Jitendra

2007-01-01

399

Academic Service Quality and Instructional Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relationship between academic service quality and instructional quality in higher education. Found a high correlation between academic service and instructional quality, with academic service overlapping instructional quality in three dimensions: enthusiasm, organization, and rapport. (EV)

Greiner, Keith; Westbrook, Thomas S.

2002-01-01

400

Dental Hygiene Program 2014 Admission Application Instructions  

E-print Network

Dental Hygiene Program 2014 Admission Application Instructions These instructions have been prepared for applicants to The Ohio State University Dental Hygiene Program. Please read these instructions carefully before completing the online application. Complete information about the dental hygiene program

401

Saskatchewan Instructional Development and Research Unit (SIDRU)  

E-print Network

Saskatchewan Instructional Development and Research Unit (SIDRU) 25th ANNUAL REPORT 2009 2010 Saskatchewan Instructional Development & Research Unit Faculty of Education: SIDRU@uregina.ca #12; CONTENTS SASKATCHEWAN INSTRUCTIONAL DEVELOPMENT & RESEARCH UNIT

Argerami, Martin

402

Science Instruction: An Endangered Species  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of the importance science plays in people's lives and society, it is perplexing to observe the minimal attention given to science instruction--especially in the elementary grades. Though some information presented here is not new, the authors' intent is to stimulate a dialogue about effective elementary science instruction by offering a…

Conderman, Greg; Woods, C. Sheldon

2008-01-01

403

Arthur: A Personalized Instructional System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined whether there was a significant difference in learner outcomes from the use of Arthur (Gilbert & Han, 1999), a computer-based adaptive instructional system that provides personalized instruction to each learner. Found that Arthur does provide a significant difference in learner outcomes. (EV)

Gilbert, Juan E.; Han, C. Y.

2002-01-01

404

The Challenges of Metacognitive Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article elaborates on the work of Paris and Winograd (EC 233 118) in examining metacognitive instruction with respect to special education research and practice. The article describes research supporting instruction in self-appraisal and self-management with mildly handicapped students, motivational characteristics of these students, the…

Scruggs, Thomas E.; Brigham, Frederick J.

1990-01-01

405

Information & Communication Technology Emergency Instructions  

E-print Network

the area for Campus Security or emergency services to arrive Evacuation Procedures Activate the NEARESTInformation & Communication Technology Emergency Instructions In the event of an EMERGENCY dial 403-220-5333 for Campus Security or dial 9-1-1 for Police, Fire or Ambulance Additional emergency instructions is found

de Leon, Alex R.

406

Manage Instruction to Improve Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School board members can use board policies to set the direction for effective instructional management. Effective schools appear to have these characteristics in common: (1) strong instructional leadership by the principal, (2) a safe and orderly atmosphere, (3) high expectations of all students, (4) schoolwide emphasis on basic skills…

Steller, Arthur W.

1985-01-01

407

Library Instruction 2.0  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the 2008 ALA Annual Conference, a wonderful Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) preconference was presented entitled "Library Instruction 2.0: Building Your Online Instruction Toolkit". The presentation was enlightening and provided numerous and valuable recommendations for Web 2.0 sites that can facilitate and enliven library…

Bridgewater, Rachel; Deitering, Anne-Marie; Munro, Karen

2009-01-01

408

Three Logics of Instructional Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study examines conceptions of instructional leadership in the institutional environment. We know that principals' practices affect student learning and that principals are influenced by ideas in the broader environment. This article examines and defines the multiple conceptions of what it means for principals to be instructional

Rigby, Jessica G.

2014-01-01

409

Adaptive Instructional Planning Using Ontologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adaptive instructional planning or sequencing is recognized as one of the most interesting research questions in intelligent learning management systems. In this paper, we address the adaptive learning object sequencing problem in intelligent learning management systems proposing a concrete methodology based on the use of ontologies and learning object metadata. The result is a generic Instructional planner capable of serving

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson

2004-01-01

410

Making Bio-Diesel Instructions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These lab instructions provide teachers with the information needed to set up a lab session to make a diesel fuel alternative from a biologically-based oil. Extensive instructions are provided. The guide may be downloaded in PDF file format. Users must create a free login to access the presentation.

Brown, Matthew

411

Instructional Activities in Personal Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication, a collection of instructional activities with decision-making as the main focus, is correlated to the "Give and Take" video/film series developed for a consortium of state and provincial education agencies. Presented are concepts related to the risks in taking advantage of economic opportunities, and instructional activities…

Eddinger, Suzanne S.; Van Sickle, Ronald L.

412

Instructional Strategies to Facilitate Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher behavior research has shown that teacher behaviors, as well as specific teaching strategies, make a difference with regard to student achievement. Ten durable instructional strategies are discussed: set induction, stimulus variation, reinforcement, questioning, recognizing attending behavior, lecturing or direct instruction, planned…

Lunenburg, Frederick C.; Irby, Beverly J.

2011-01-01

413

Teaching Instructional Design on TICCIT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An individualized instructional development training program was developed that allows teachers to enter at several points and move through the instruction in a way that suits their own particular needs and challenges. The program was designed for implementation on the TICCIT computer controlled television system, although it could be adapted to…

Black, Dean; Bunderson, C. Victor

414

Individualized Additional Instruction for Calculus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students enrolling in the calculus sequence have a wide variance in their preparation and abilities, yet they are usually taught from the same lecture. We describe another pedagogical model of Individualized Additional Instruction (IAI) that assesses each student frequently and prescribes further instruction and homework based on the…

Takata, Ken

2010-01-01

415

Agricultural Education--Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation presents over 950 resumes of instructional materials in agricultural education, which have appeared quarterly in "Abstracts of Instructional Materials in Vocational and Technical Education" (AIM), Fall 1967 through Fall 1971. Resumes cover a broad range of fields and occupations, such as agribusiness, agronomy, animal and plant…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

416

Burnout among Bibliographic Instruction Librarians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses burnout among bibliographic instruction librarians and describes the use of the Maslach Burnout Inventory and a Role Questionnaire with bibliographic instruction librarians in colleges in New England using a mailed survey. Relationships between levels of burnout and role stress, formal educational preparation, and faculty rank and status…

Affleck, Mary Ann

1996-01-01

417

Cognitive Approaches to Automated Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a snapshot of state-of-the-art research on the design of automated instructional systems. Selected cognitive psychologists were asked to describe their approach to instruction and cognitive diagnosis, the theoretical basis of the approach, its utility and applicability, and the knowledge engineering or task analysis methods…

Regian, J. Wesley, Ed.; Shute, Valerie J., Ed.

418

PLATO Instruction for Elementary Accounting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A progress report of a study using computer assisted instruction (CAI) materials for an elementary course in accounting principles is presented. The study was based on the following objectives: (1) improvement of instruction in the elementary accounting sequence, and (2) help for transfer students from two-year institutions. The materials under…

McKeown, James C.

419

Differentiated Instruction in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low achievement on standardized tests may be attributed to many factors, including teaching methods. Differentiated instruction has been identified as a teaching method using different learning modalities that appeal to varied student interests with individualized instruction. The purpose of this quantitative study was to compare whole-group…

Kelly, Gretchen

2013-01-01

420

A Primer on Instructional Coaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pressure to improve the quality of instruction in schools may be higher today than at any other time in the history of U.S. education. To respond to this urgent demand, schools across the nation are hiring instructional coaches (ICs), even though there is little published research that shows what works and what does not work when it comes to…

Knight, Jim

2005-01-01

421

PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION AND LANGUAGE LEARNING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION, A TEACHING METHOD WHICH INCORPORATES (1) A DETAILED SPECIFICATION OF TERMINAL BEHAVIOR, (2) A CAREFUL SEQUENCING OF THE MATERIAL INTO GRADED STEPS, AND (3) THE REINFORCEMENT OF STUDENT RESPONSE, WORKS MORE FAVORABLY IN CERTAIN INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA THAN IN OTHERS. CARROLL AND SKINNER BELIEVE THAT SUCCESS IN PROGRAMED…

LUELSDORFF, PHILIP A.

422

Instructional Technologists Discovering, Sharing, Preparing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article identifies the instructional technology programs offered in the College of Education at East Carolina University. Additionally, this article briefly discusses technological and pedagogical factors that influence work pursued in the instructional technology field today, which leads to introductions of the articles in the issue. Lastly,…

Luterbach, Kenneth J.

2012-01-01

423

BYU Registrar's Office Transfer Evaluation  

E-print Network

BYU Registrar's Office Transfer Evaluation B-150 ASB, Provo, UT 84602 Phone: (801) 422-8522 Email are posted on Route Y. Individual course evaluations to determine completion of BYU requirements may requirements, you must send course descriptions to Transfer Evaluation. Instructions The following instructions

Hart, Gus

424

Classical Language Instruction Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by Christian Wildberg at Princeton University, the Classical Language Instruction Project is designed to function as a resource for college undergraduates hoping to gain some insight into the pronunciation and elocution of ancient Greek and Latin. As the rationale for the Project states on the site: "There may be considerable debate among scholars about the most 'authentic' way to pronounce Greek or Latin; yet it is certain that the texts from the ancient world reflect a vivid and complex spoken language, not a lifeless code." With that in mind, the site features different classical scholars reading passages by a number of writers, including Homer, Plato, Virgil, Horace, Ovid, and Seneca. As the scholars read, students can follow along, view the passage in English, and pause the recording in order to develop an understanding of the text and its pronunciation. Finally, the site also includes a brief essay on rhythm and meter in Greek and Latin.

425

Veterinary Anatomy Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With one of the most well regarded veterinary schools in the United States, the University of Minnesota continues to break new ground in the training of new veterinarians on a regular basis. Of course, more and more of these training materials are finding their way to the web, and this site will be quite helpful to those persons with an interest in this particular field. Created by different faculty members, the materials here are categorized by the course they are most commonly associated with, such as gross anatomy or neurobiology. In the gross anatomy section, visitors will find materials that include a glossary of terms related to veterinary anatomy and dissections, animations that illustrate the major gaits of various quadrupeds, and the nervous system pathways of canines. The neurobiology section contains instructional materials that include information about brain dissection neuroanatomy and neurohistology.

426

Veterinary Anatomy Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With one of the most well regarded veterinary schools in the United States, the University of Minnesota continues to break new ground in the training of new veterinarians. Of course, more and more of these training materials are finding their way to the web, and this site will be quite helpful to those persons with an interest in this particular field. Created by different faculty members, the materials here are categorized by the course they are most commonly associated with, such as gross anatomy or neurobiology. In the gross anatomy section, visitors will find materials that include a glossary of terms related to veterinary anatomy and dissections, animations that illustrate the major gaits of various quadrupeds, and the nervous system pathways of canines. The neurobiology section contains instructional materials that include information about brain dissection neuroanatomy and neurohistology.

427

Closing the loop on nursing library instruction: using student performance to improve outcomes.  

PubMed

Two librarians analyzed nursing students' performance on an information literacy assignment to determine how they could change their instruction to better assist the students in comprehending the material. After identifying major areas of difficulty, including the use of search techniques, they revised both the instruction and the assignment, closing the loop by utilizing their assessment data. Next, they analyzed those results to evaluate the effectiveness of their changes and to make further improvements, thus demonstrating the iterative nature of instruction and assessment. The evidence-based instruction cycle of teaching, assessing, and revising should be repeated frequently to keep the assignment fresh and relevant. PMID:25611446

Moreton, Elizabeth O; Conklin, Jamie L

2015-01-01

428

Illustrated Medication Instructions as a Strategy to Improve Medication Management Among Latinos: A Qualitative Analysis  

PubMed Central

Although illustrated medication instructions may improve medication management among vulnerable populations, little prior research has evaluated their use among Latinos. We conducted focus groups and interviews with Latino patients with diabetes at two safety net clinics in Tennessee to understand medication taking practices and perceptions of illustrated medication instructions. Patients reported confidence in being able to take medications, but demonstrated a lack of understanding of medication instructions. On further probing, they described several barriers to effective medication management rooted in poor communication. Patients expressed preference for illustrated medication instructions which could address several of the challenges raised by patients. PMID:22453163

Mohan, Arun; Riley, Brian; Boyington, Dane; Kripalani, Sunil

2013-01-01

429

Ideas in Practice: "Where's the Periodical Guide to Books?" or Library Instruction in Developmental Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and evaluates a library skills instruction unit, "Integration of Instruction in Basic Writing and Library Usage," offered at Kendall College, Illinois to help students become familiar with the library, the card catalog, the "Reader's Guide," and correct bibliographiic formats; and use these skills in writing research papers. (AYC)

Silverman, Sharon; And Others

1981-01-01

430

In-Depth Analysis of Handwriting Curriculum and Instruction in Four Kindergarten Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of handwriting curriculum and instructional practices in actual classrooms was investigated in an in-depth case study of four inner city kindergarten classrooms using quantitative and qualitative methods. The handwriting proficiency of students was also evaluated to assess the impact of the instructional practices observed. The…

Vander Hart, Nanho; Fitzpatrick, Paula; Cortesa, Cathryn

2010-01-01

431

Improving seventh grade students’ learning of ratio and proportion: The role of schema-based instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study evaluated the effectiveness of an instructional intervention (schema-based instruction, SBI) that was designed to meet the diverse needs of middle school students by addressing the research literatures from both special education and mathematics education. Specifically, SBI emphasizes the role of the mathematical structure of problems and also provides students with a heuristic to aid and self-monitor problem

Asha K. Jitendra; Jon R. Star; Kristin Starosta; Jayne M. Leh; Sheetal Sood; Grace Caskie; Cheyenne L. Hughes; Toshi R. Mack

2009-01-01

432

Emergent Intraverbal Responses VIA Tact and Match-to-Sample Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present investigation evaluated the effectiveness of category tact and match-to-sample instruction in facilitating the emergence of intraverbal responses (i.e., naming several items belonging to a specific category) for 2 children with autism. Results demonstrated the emergence of untaught responses, suggesting an effective instructional

Grannan, Leigh; Rehfeldt, Ruth Anne

2012-01-01

433

DLI-IBM Joint Feasibility Study in Computer-Assisted Foreign Language Instruction. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the final report on a study of the use of computer assisted instruction (CAI). The objective of the study was to evaluate the potential applicability and usefulness of CAI in the instructional environment of the Defense Language Institute (DLI). The operational phases of the study were implemented in the Russian Aural…

Adams, Edward N.; Rosenbaum, Peter S.

434

The Code of Professional Conduct: Instructional Impact on Accounting Students' Ethical Perceptions and Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the Code of Professional Conduct, 53 accounting students evaluated the ethical acceptability of accountants in case studies. Ethics instruction appeared to alter student perceptions of ethical behavior. Because time after instruction was an important factor, increased professional socialization was recommended. (SK)

Ward, Suzanne Pinac; And Others

1996-01-01

435

"LD Efficient" Instruction in Phonics: Applying Sound Learning Principles to Remedial Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to evaluate the performance of 30 learning disabled students (7 to 13 years old) who were taught with a set of phonics instructional materials based on the learning principles of providing focus, learning to master, distributed practice and review, discrimination training, and training for transfer. Goals of instruction were…

Bryant, N. Dale; And Others

436

An Analysis of Individual Teachers' Development of Instruction Based on ClassScape Program Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation was designed to examine and assess the effectiveness of the ClassScape formative assessment tool on the planning, implementation, and evaluation of instruction at a rural middle school in western North Carolina. The teachers had the ClassScape program for 3 years, but were not using the program to plan future instruction. The…

Parker, Jason L.

2011-01-01

437

Development of Community College Instructional Modules for Biology and Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was undertaken to: (1) formulate objectives for a biology unit dealing with frog dissection and vertebrate anatomy, (2) on the basis of these objectives, develop self-instructional modules utilizing audio-visual and printed instructional materials, and (3) formulate instruments for the evaluation of the modules. The rationale for the…

Vasiliauskas, Jura B.

438

Teaching Gift Wrapping Skills in a Quadruple Instructional Arrangement Using Constant Time Delay  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation evaluated the use of a quadruple instructional arrangement in teaching gift-wrapping skills to four students with functional mental disabilities. The targeted gift wrapping skills included boxing the item, wrapping the box, and decorating the box. The trainer divided each skill into four parts. For each of the three targeted skills each student received direct instruction on one part

Ellen L. Stonecipher; John W. Schuster; Belva C. Collins; Jennifer Grisham-Brown

1999-01-01

439

Assigning Student Leaders: Decreasing Interruptions during Teacher-Led Small-Group Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors used a withdrawal design to evaluate an intervention designed to decrease interruptions during small-group instruction in a Kindergarten class. A new rule was put into place; during teacher-led small-group instruction, those not in the small group were required to address questions to designated student leaders, as opposed to…

Coles, Jeremy T.; Skinner, Christopher H.; Best, Tiffany L.; Wood, Allison; Luna, Elisa; Adcock, Wes

2013-01-01

440

Avoiding the Struggle: Instruction That Supports Students' Motivation in Reading and Writing about Content Material  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We conducted a mixed methods study to evaluate motivation among 20 fourth-grade students who struggle with reading and writing prior to and after receiving either self-regulated strategy development (SRSD) instruction for expository reading comprehension or SRSD instruction for expository reading comprehension plus informative writing. We…

Mason, Linda H.; Meadan, Hedda; Hedin, Laura R.; Cramer, Anne Mong

2012-01-01

441

Small Group Instruction for Students with Autism: General Case Training and Observational Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multiple-probe design across response chains and students was used to evaluate the combined instructional effects of progressive time delay, general case training, and observational learning on the food and drink preparation skills of three children with autism. All instruction was delivered in a group learning arrangement. The data suggested…

Tekin-Iftar, Elif; Birkan, Bunyamin

2010-01-01

442

Implementation of a Peer-Led Team Learning Instructional Approach in an Undergraduate Organic Chemistry Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the implementation of a peer-led team learning (PLTL) instructional approach for students in an undergraduate organic chemistry course and the evaluation of student outcomes over eight years. Compares students who experienced the student-centered instruction and worked in small groups facilitated by a peer leader to students who…

Tien, Lydia T.; Roth, Vicki; Kampmeier, J. A.

2002-01-01

443

Beyond Cognitive and Metacognitive Tools: The Use of the Internet as an Epistemological Tool for Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that Internet-based instruction should not be only perceived as a cognitive tool or a metacognitive tool; rather, it can be perceived and used as an epistemological tool. When the Internet is used as an epistemological tool for instruction, learners are encouraged to evaluate the merits of information and knowledge acquired from…

Tsai, Chin-Chung

2004-01-01

444

Perceptions of Elementary Teachers on the Instructional Leadership Role of School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this research, elementary school principals' instructional leadership behavior was evaluated based on the perceptions of elementary school teachers. The research is believed to contribute to the development of instructional leadership behavior of elementary school principals for the development of school organization. A "semi-structured…

Yavuz, Mustafa; Bas, Gokhan

2010-01-01

445

How Can Principals Implement Tennessee's Instructional Model (TIM)? 3C's to Constructive Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model is presented which helps principals plan and evaluate instructional improvement. Described in relation to educational reform in Tennessee, the model assigns to principals the responsibility to implement the instructional changes required by a career ladder program. Research shows that continuing education, communication, and climate (the…

Richardson, M. D.; And Others

446

A Design Study of a Multimedia Instructional Grammar Program with Embedded Tracking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a design study meant to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating three rather different theoretical perspectives for future efforts in multimedia instructional design. A multimedia instructional grammar program contextualized within the teaching of English as a Second Language (ESL) was developed and evaluated. The program design was…

Koehler, Natalya A.; Thompson, Ann D.; Phye, Gary D.

2011-01-01

447

Program of Instruction (POI). Volume II, Program I: Specialist in Continuing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume I of the Program of Instruction (EA 002 789) contained chapters 1-4. This volume contains chapters 5 and 6. Chapter 5, Group-Functioning, illustrates the flexibility that the Program of Instruction affords the Specialist in Continuing Education in selecting evaluative instruments and training activities. Chapter 6, Operational Design,…

Cooperative Educational Research Lab., Inc., Northfield, IL.

448

Simulation and Community-Based Instruction of Vending Machines with Time Delay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study evaluated the use of simulated instruction on vending machine use as an adjunct to community-based instruction with two moderately retarded children. Results showed concurrent acquisition of the vending machine skills across trained and untrained sites. (Author/DB)

Browder, Diane M.; And Others

1988-01-01

449

MAKING EXPLICIT OUR THEORIES OF TEACHING AND LEARNING: DESIGNS THAT MOTIVATE OUR WORK AS INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGNERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the explicit design principles used to create an authentic learning module for a medical problem-based learning curriculum. It examines the 'design' process utilised by an instructional designer in the conceptualisation of a project. Secondly the paper focuses on epistemological beliefs of instructional designers and the need for designers to articulate their learning design for evaluation and research

Mike Keppell

450

The Effects of Verbal Instruction and Shaping to Improve Tackling by High School Football Players  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated verbal instruction and shaping using TAG (teaching with acoustical guidance) to improve tackling by 3 high school football players. Verbal instruction and shaping improved tackling for all 3 participants. In addition, performance was maintained as participants moved more quickly through the tackling procedure.

Harrison, Antonio M.; Pyles, David A.

2013-01-01

451

Death Penalty Decisions: Instruction Comprehension, Attitudes, and Decision Mediators  

PubMed Central

A primary goal of this research was to empirically evaluate a set of assumptions, advanced in the Supreme Court’s ruling in Buchanan v. Angelone (1998), about jury comprehension of death penalty instructions. Further, this research examined the use of evidence in capital punishment decision making by exploring underlying mediating factors upon which death penalty decisions may be based. Manipulated variables included the type of instructions and several variations of evidence. Study 1 was a paper and pencil study of 245 undergraduate mock jurors. The experimental design was an incomplete 4×2×2×2×2 factorial model resulting in 56 possible conditions. Manipulations included four different types of instructions, presence of a list of case-specific mitigators to accompany the instructions, and three variations in the case facts: age of the defendant, bad prior record, and defendant history of emotional abuse. Study 2 was a fully-crossed 2×2×2×2×2 experiment with four deliberating mock juries per cell. Manipulations included jury instructions (original or revised), presence of a list of case-specific mitigators, defendant history of emotional abuse, bad prior record, and heinousness of the crime. The sample of 735 jury-eligible participants included 130 individuals who identified themselves as students. Participants watched one of 32 stimulus videotapes based on a replication of a capital sentencing hearing. The present findings support previous research showing low comprehension of capital penalty instructions. Further, we found that higher instruction comprehension was associated with higher likelihood of issuing life sentence decisions. The importance of instruction comprehension is emphasized in a social cognitive model of jury decision making at the sentencing phase of capital cases. PMID:24072981

Patry, Marc W.; Penrod, Steven D.

2013-01-01

452

Death Penalty Decisions: Instruction Comprehension, Attitudes, and Decision Mediators.  

PubMed

A primary goal of this research was to empirically evaluate a set of assumptions, advanced in the Supreme Court's ruling in Buchanan v. Angelone (1998), about jury comprehension of death penalty instructions. Further, this research examined the use of evidence in capital punishment decision making by exploring underlying mediating factors upon which death penalty decisions may be based. Manipulated variables included the type of instructions and several variations of evidence. Study 1 was a paper and pencil study of 245 undergraduate mock jurors. The experimental design was an incomplete 4×2×2×2×2 factorial model resulting in 56 possible conditions. Manipulations included four different types of instructions, presence of a list of case-specific mitigators to accompany the instructions, and three variations in the case facts: age of the defendant, bad prior record, and defendant history of emotional abuse. Study 2 was a fully-crossed 2×2×2×2×2 experiment with four deliberating mock juries per cell. Manipulations included jury instructions (original or revised), presence of a list of case-specific mitigators, defendant history of emotional abuse, bad prior record, and heinousness of the crime. The sample of 735 jury-eligible participants included 130 individuals who identified themselves as students. Participants watched one of 32 stimulus videotapes based on a replication of a capital sentencing hearing. The present findings support previous research showing low comprehension of capital penalty instructions. Further, we found that higher instruction comprehension was associated with higher likelihood of issuing life sentence decisions. The importance of instruction comprehension is emphasized in a social cognitive model of jury decision making at the sentencing phase of capital cases. PMID:24072981

Patry, Marc W; Penrod, Steven D

2013-01-01

453

Motivational Measure of the Instruction Compared: Instruction Based on the ARCS Motivation Theory vs Traditional Instruction in Blended Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ARCS Motivation Theory was proposed to guide instructional designers and teachers who develop their own instruction to integrate motivational design strategies into the instruction. There is a lack of literature supporting the idea that instruction for blended courses if designed based on the ARCS Motivation Theory provides different…

Colakoglu, Ozgur M.; Akdemir, Omur

2012-01-01

454

Instructional Psychology and Models of School Learning: Implications for Effective Instruction of Handicapped Students. Monograph No. 2. Instructional Alternatives Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The monograph summarizes characteristics of effective instruction of mildly handicapped and non-handicapped students by focusing on two literature areas: Instructional Psychology and Models of School Learning. The review on instructional psychology covers the following areas: definitions of instruction, principles of learning, models of the…

Christenson, Sandra L.; And Others

455

Triadic instruction of chained food preparation responses: acquisition and observational learning.  

PubMed Central

This research examined whether constant time delay would be effective in teaching students with moderate mental retardation in triads to perform chained tasks and whether observational learning would occur. Three chained snack preparation tasks were identified, and each student was directly taught one task. The other 2 students observed the instruction. The instructed student told the observers to watch and to turn pages of a pictorial recipe book. The teacher provided frequent praise to the instructed student based on performance and to the observers for watching the instruction and turning pages. A multiple probe design across students and tasks was used to evaluate the instruction. The results indicated that each student learned the skill he or she was taught directly, and the observers learned nearly all of the steps of the chains they observed. The implications for classroom instruction and future research in observational learning are discussed. PMID:1533856

Griffen, A K; Wolery, M; Schuster, J W

1992-01-01

456

Computer-Based Instruction's (CBI) Rediscovered Role in K-12: An Evaluation Case Study of One High School's Use of CBI to Improve Pass Rates on High-Stakes Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patriot High School (PHS) adopted a remediation strategy to help its 10th-grade students at risk of failing the Math portion of MCAS, the state's end of year competency exam. The centerpiece of that strategy was a computer-based instructional (CBI) course. PHS used a commercially available CBI product to align the course content with the…

Hannafin, Robert D.; Foshay, Wellesley R.

2008-01-01

457

An Annotated Bibliography for Instructional Systems Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography lists instructional development resources relevant to the Interservice Procedures for Instructional Systems Development Model (ISD), a standardized model providing for the assessment of training needs; the design, development, and implementation of instruction; and the assessment of instructional quality. Following a…

Berkowitz, Melissa; O'Neil, Harold F., Jr.

458

Linking cognitive learning theory to instructional prescriptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an initial model of instructional design which directly links cognitive learning theory and instructional prescriptions. The major constructs of the model include components of the memory system, allocation of learning times by objectives and specific instructional methods. The model proposes that instructional time be divided so as to reach the educational goals of improvements in higher-order learning

Robert D. Tennyson; Mariana Rasch

1988-01-01

459

Colleague to Colleague: Deepening Instructional Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collaborative dialogue about instructional practices is essential to the growth of the education profession. To determine what effective instruction is and how to improve their own instructional practice, educators must clarify and publicly state their beliefs about instruction, teaching, and leadership. This is messy and complex work, and to…

Gullen, Kristine; Chaffee, Martin

2012-01-01

460

Making Effective Instructional Choices: A Practical Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The larger the range of instructional skills, methods, strategies, and models that a teacher has at his or her command, the more skilled the teacher will be in selecting and delivering appropriate instruction, and the better students will learn. Effective teachers make use of a wide range of instructional resources. Research on instruction shows…

Lang, H. R.

461

Designing and Creating Computer-Assisted Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to encourage the use of a defined methodology and careful planning in creating computer-assisted instructional programs, this paper describes the instructional design process, compares computer-assisted instruction (CAI) and programmed instruction (PI), and discusses pragmatic concerns in computer programming. Topics addressed include:…

McMeen, George R.

462

Instructional Technology Must Contribute to Productivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Those involved in instructional technology in higher education are urged to view instructional technology as a means of improving academic productivity. Instructional technology has been used for over forty years to analyze instructional problems and design solutions that reduce costs and improve learning outcomes. The Pew Program in Course…

Molenda, Michael

2009-01-01

463

Instructional Web Site Design 1 running head: INSTRUCTIONAL WEB SITE DESIGN  

E-print Network

Instructional Web Site Design 1 running head: INSTRUCTIONAL WEB SITE DESIGN Instructional Web Site;Instructional Web Site Design 2 Abstract The purpose of this review is to summarize the present literature relevant to web-based- instructional site design, with the goal of delineating general principles

Missouri-Rolla, University of

464

TRUPACT-II Operating and Maintenance Instructions  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to provide the technical requirements for preparation for use, operation, inspection, and maintenance of a Transuranic Package Transporter Model II (TRUPACT-II) Shipping Package and directly related components. This document complies with the minimum requirements as specified in the TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Certificate of Compliance (C of C) 9218. In the event there is a conflict between this document and the TRUPACT-II SARP, the TRUPACT-II SARP shall govern. TRUPACT-II C of C number 9218 states, ''... each package must be prepared for shipment and operated in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 7.0, Operating Procedures, of the application.'' It further states, ''... each package must be tested and maintained in accordance with the procedures described in Chapter 8.0, Acceptance Tests and Maintenance Program of the application.'' Chapter 9 of the TRUPACT-II SARP charges the Westinghouse Electric Corporation Waste Isolation Division (WID) with assuring that the TRUPACT-II is used in accordance with the requirements of the C of C. To meet this requirement and verify consistency of operations when loading and unloading the TRUPACT-II on the trailer, placing a payload in the packaging, unloading the payload from the packaging, or performing maintenance, the U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Area Office (U.S. DOE/CAO) finds it necessary to implement the changes that follow. This TRUPACT-II maintenance document represents a change to previous philosophy regarding site specific procedures for the use of the TRUPACT-II. This document details the instructions to be followed to consistently operate and maintain the TRUPACT-II. The intent of these instructions is to ensure that all users of the TRUPACT-II follow the same or equivalent instructions. Users may achieve this intent by any of the following methods: (1) Utilizing these instructions as is, or (2) Attaching a site-specific cover page/letter to this document stating that these are the instructions to be used at their location, or (3) Sites may prepare their own document using the steps in this document word-for-word, in-sequence, including Notes and Cautions. Site specific information may be included as deemed necessary. Submit the document to WID National TRU Programs for approval. Any revision made subsequent to WID TRU Program's approval shall be reviewed and approved by WID TRU Programs. A copy of the approval letter from WID National TRU Programs should be available for audit purposes. Users shall develop site-specific procedures addressing leak testing, preoperational activities, quality assurance, hoisting and rigging, and radiation health physics to be used in conjunction with the instructions contained in this document. Users desiring to recommend changes to this document may submit their recommendations to the WID National TRU Programs for evaluation. If approved, the change(s) will be incorporated into this document for use by all TRUPACT-II users. User sites will be audited to this document to ensure compliance within one year from the effective date of this revision. This document discusses operating instructions, required inspections and maintenance for the following: TRUPACT-II packaging, and Miscellaneous packaging, special tools, and equipment. Packaging and payload handling equipment and transport trailers have been specifically designed for use with the TRUPACT-II Packaging. This document discusses the required instructions for use of the following equipment in conjunction with the TRUPACT-II Packaging: TRUPACT-II Mobile Loading Unit (MLU), Adjustable Center-of-Gravity Lift Fixture (ACGLF), and TRUPACT-II Transport Trailer. Attachment E contains the various TRUPACT-II packaging interface control drawings, leak-test and vent-port tool drawings, ACGLF drawings, and tie-down drawings that identify the various system components.

Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division

1999-12-31

465

Highline Public Schools Computer-Assisted Instruction Project: A Program to Meet Disadvantaged Students' Individual Needs for Basic Skill Development: Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This description of a computer-assisted instruction project, which provides an alternative approach to individual instruction in basic skills for economically and educationally disadvantaged students at the secondary level, includes the results of evaluations conducted at the end of each of three school years. Instruction in priority…

Maser, Arthur L.; And Others

466

Which Is More Effective in Educating Teachers to Work with Children with Autism: An Online or Face-to-Face Format of Instruction?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an online format of instruction versus a face-to-face format of instruction in order to determine which format of instruction is most effective in educating teachers to work with students with autism spectrum disorders. Given the current rise in students with autism being served in…

Robbins, Lisa A.

2010-01-01

467

History Teaching Project: A Project to Improve Productivity in Teaching at Carnegie-Mellon University through the Development of Self-Paced Instruction in Undergraduate History. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experimental, undergraduate African-history course which used self-paced instructional techniques is described and evaluated in this project report. The project was initiated to assess the effectiveness of the Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) in undergraduate history instruction. Thirty-two students from Carnegie-Mellon University…

Beyer, Barry K.; And Others

468

Zoology by Self-Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A historical account is given of how a conventional university first-year undergraduate course in zoology has been replaced by a self-instructional one. Advantages and problems are weighed, and successful student achievement and interest are described. (LBH)

Roach, Keith; Hammond, Roger

1976-01-01

469

A Fallibilistic Model for Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses models in inquiry and of instruction based on critical Fallibilistic philosophy, developed by Karl R. Popper, which holds that all knowledge grows by conjecture and refutation. Classroom applications of strategies which result from the model are presented. (JP)

Dawson, A. J.

1971-01-01

470

All PIO Instructions and Tools  

Cancer.gov

PIO Instructions and Tools View All  |  Tab View Consortia 2012 Protocol Development Task Order Technical Proposal Submission Form (doc, 35kb) DCP Consortia Protocol Submission Worksheet (doc, 67kb) DCP Consortia Protocol Template (doc, 376kb)

471

Peer Instruction: Making Science Engaging  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peer Instruction (PI) is an interactive approach that was designed to improve the learning process. This approach provides students with greater opportunity for synthesizing the concepts while instructors get timely feedback that can help focus the instruction on the points that are the most difficult for the students. PI is flexible and easy to use on its own or in conjunction with other teaching methods. This chapter discusses the motivation for using PI and the mechanics of implementing it in the classroom.

Eric Mazur

2006-01-01

472

A reflexive model for teaching instructional design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there are numerous models to practive instructional design (ID), few instructional models to teach instructional\\u000a design have been documented. This article documents a five-year study of two instructors who collaborated on formally studying\\u000a their teaching of a master's level instructional design course. A reflexive instructional approach was used, in which the\\u000a teachers examined their teaching while students were being

Neal Shambaugh; Susan Magliaro

2001-01-01

473

Content-Based Instruction in Higher Education Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Content-based instruction (CBI) challenges ESOL teachers to teach language through specialist content in institutional settings. This volume addresses CBI negotiation between ESOL teachers and subject specialists in higher education. Writers document and evaluate courses that support the subject discipline and meet the language needs of EFL and…

Crandall, JoAnn, Ed.; Kaufman, Dorit, Ed.

2002-01-01

474

Online Strategy Instruction for Integrating Dictionary Skills and Language Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the feasibility of an automated, online form of L2 strategy instruction (SI) as an alternative to conventional, classroom-based forms that rely primarily on teachers. Feasibility was evaluated by studying the effectiveness, both actual and perceived, of a five-week, online SI course designed to teach web-based dictionary skills…

Ranalli, Jim

2013-01-01

475

Instructions for use Removal of Oxygen and Nitrogen from Niobium  

E-print Network

Instructions for use #12;------ Removal of Oxygen and Nitrogen from Niobium by External Gettering External Gettering, Purification of Niobium, Thermodynamics of Impurities, Oxygen Diffusion, Purity niobium even below 1500K. The oxygen concentration in the deposit and the Nb bulk is evaluated

Tachizawa, Kazuya

476

Construct Validation of the Behavior and Instructional Management Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beliefs related to classroom management vary among teachers and play an important role in classrooms. Despite the importance of this construct, valid measures have proven difficult to develop. This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Behavior and Instructional Management Scale (BIMS), a short but valid measure of teachers'…

Martin, Nancy K.; Sass, Daniel A.

2010-01-01

477

Comprehensive Assessment of a Software Development Project for Engineering Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews a series of formative assessment studies that were conducted to inform and evaluate a large-scale instructional software development project at the University of Missouri-Rolla (UMR). The three-year project, entitled "Taking the Next Step in Engineering Education: Integrating Educational Software and Active Learning," was…

Hall, Richard H.; Philpot, Timothy A.; Hubing, Nancy

2006-01-01

478

A model for integrating instructional technology into higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper describes a model for integrating instructional technology into colleges and universities. The model is known as the RIPPLES Model because the main elements of the model are Resources, Infrastructure, People, Policies, Learning, Evaluation, and Support. The paper includes three main sections: a review of literature related to adoption and diffusion of innovations; results of a questionnaire sent

Daniel W. Surry; David C. Ensminger; Melissa Haab

2005-01-01

479

Organizationally supporting innovation in technology-enhanced instruction and research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instructional and Research Technology Services (IRTS) is a new unit on the campus of Indiana State University (ISU) created to envision, explore, design, and evaluate new and emerging technologies to support teaching, research, and student learning. One of the most important tenants of this new group is to add value to ISU's information technology investments. Siegel (2003) commented, \\

Kenneth Janz; Susan Owen

2004-01-01

480

Continuity and Change: Native American Beadwork. Instructional Resource.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an instructional resource on Native American beadwork that is recommended for upper elementary students. Focuses on different art products such as wampum, a wedding basket, charms, and a peyote fan. Includes background information, discussion questions, and activities and discusses how to evaluate the students. (CMK)

Carlisle, Dana Kletchka; Friday, Rhonda

2000-01-01

481

Partners in Learning: Teacher Leaders Drive Instructional Excellence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New educator evaluation systems demand a focus on effective teaching and learning while promoting the professional growth of all teachers. By identifying and leveraging the contributions of high-performing teachers as instructional leaders, problem solvers, and decision-makers to lead improvement at the classroom level, the system builds capacity…

Duff, Victoria; Islas, M. René

2013-01-01

482

Fault Tree Analysis: An emerging methodology for instructional science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fault Tree Analysis is a systematic approach to improving the probability of succes in any system. FTA was first developed as part of the U.S. Space Industry and was applied to such programs as the Minute Man Missile evaluations. Kent G. Stephens has successfully applied the technique to instructional and administrative programs, the latest program being the development of an

R. Kent Wood; Kent G. Stephens; Bruce O. Barker

1979-01-01

483

Issues in Media Management. 1978 Series: Instructional Design. Middle Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Topics selected for this workshop reflect the growing concern for the role of the library media specialist as an integral member of the school's instructional team, working cooperatively with administrators, teachers, students, and members of the community in the evaluation, selection, and use of resources which support and enrich learning…

Bender, David R.

484

International Collaborative Development: Curriculum and Instructional Change in Taiwan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined an international educational partnership between Florida International University and Taiwan's Fu-Hsing school that emphasized curriculum and instructional change to improve educational quality in Taiwan. Collaborators from the institutions developed criteria for teaching effectiveness and established an evaluation system for…

Lee, Phoebe Po

485

Transfer and Adaptation of Self-Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the collaborative use of learning materials in distance education based primarily on experiences at the Open Learning Institute (OLI) of Hong Kong. Topics addressed include curriculum issues; instructional design; academic standards; technical factors; copyright regulations; costs; product evaluation; readability; and ethical…

Dhanarajan, Gajaraj; Timmers, Shannon

1992-01-01

486

Composition Instruction and Cognitive Performance: Results of a Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a composition program, Composers in Public Schools (CiPS), on cognitive skills essential for academic success. The underlying hypothesis is that composition instruction will promote creative expression and increase performance on music-specific skills such as music reading, as well as foster…

Bugos, Jennifer; Jacobs, Edward

2012-01-01

487

Measuring Instructional Differentiation in a Large-Scale Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study operationalizes four measures of instructional differentiation: one for Grade 2 English language arts (ELA), one for Grade 2 mathematics, one for Grade 5 ELA, and one for Grade 5 mathematics. Our study evaluates their measurement properties of each measure in a large field experiment: the Indiana Diagnostic Assessment Tools Study, which…

Williams, Ryan T.; Swanlund, Andrew; Miller, Shazia; Konstantopoulos, Spyros; Eno, Jared; van der Ploeg, Arie; Meyers, Coby

2014-01-01

488

Using virtual reality as a tool to enhance classroom instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because Virtual Reality (VR) offers the opportunity to visualize, explore, manipulate, and interact with objects within a computer generated environment, it is hypothesized to be an excellent educational tool for use in classroom instruction for engineering students involved in design development, evaluation, and validation. The goal of this research study was to explore the possibilities of using VR in Ergonomics

Lesia L. Crumpton; Edward L. Harden

1997-01-01

489

Nonverbal Communication in One-to-One Music Performance Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored nonverbal communication in one-to-one music performance instruction by investigating relationships among nonverbal sensitivity, nonverbal behaviors and lesson effectiveness. Subjects (N = 120) comprised 60 college teachers and 60 of their non-music major students. Using the Music Lesson Evaluation Form, lesson effectiveness was…

Kurkul, Wen W.

2007-01-01

490

Is Self-Paced Instruction Really Worth It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a self-paced, learning-for-mastery course in undergraduate fluid mechanics. Includes the method of course assessment, method of student evaluation, and a description of the instructor's role and work load. Summarizes aspects of self-paced instruction considered favorable and unfavorable. (GS)

Roberson, J. A.; Crowe, C. T.

1975-01-01

491

Formative Evaluation in the Performance Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the traditional formative evaluation model used by instructional designers; summarizes Kirkpatrick's model of evaluation; proposes the integration of part of Kirkpatrick's model with traditional formative evaluation; and discusses performance-context formative evaluation. (three references) (LRW)

Dick, Walter; King, Debby

1994-01-01

492

Instruction to Help Young Children Develop Language and Literacy Skills: The Roles of Program Design and Instructional Guidance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the kinds of instructional activities that young children need to develop basic language and literacy skills based on recent research and program evaluations. This includes approaches to develop alphabetic understanding, phonological awareness, vocabulary, and oral language. Activities and materials from the Pre-kindergarten Literacy program are provided as examples of methods preschool teachers can use to help young

Barbara Gunn; Patricia Vadasy; Keith Smolkowski

2011-01-01

493

A Systematic Assessment of the Effect of Visual Testing of Visualized Instruction: A Justification for Instructional Congruency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation evaluated performance of university students on visual and nonvisual versions of an achievement test. Two experimental designs assessed the effects and interactions between visual and nonvisual instructional modes, order of drawing test (before or after verbal/visual achievement test), and mode of drawing test (verbal cued or…

Dwyer, Francis M.; De Melo, Hermes

1984-01-01

494

Teaching the Mechanics of SAS with a Self-Instructional Manual: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes development, use, and evaluation of a self-instructional manual that provides management students with the basic skills required for using the Statistical Analysis System (SAS), a major statistical program available for mainframe computers. (Author/MBR)

Florini, Barbara M.; Six, Jack

1986-01-01

495

Identifying Competencies for Mainstream Teachers through the Perceptions of State Directors of Special Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competency prioritization resulted in the following: individualizes instruction; comprehends abilities of exceptional and handicapped children; evaluates and diagnoses students' abilities/progress; provides humanly supportive environment; uses behavioral management strategies; works cooperatively with adults; utilizes psychology of learning;…

Monaco, Theresa; Chiappetta, Eugene L.

1978-01-01

496

Teachers' Perspectives on Evaluation Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite growing momentum to reform teacher evaluation in order to increase its impact on teachers' practice and persistence in the profession, very little research examines how current reforms influence teachers' attitudes or reported instructional practices. Do the new evaluation systems lead to enhancements in teachers' instruction overall? And…

Donaldson, Morgaen L.

2012-01-01

497

Examining the influence of instructional strategy on student learning and self-efficacy in science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated whether the level of instructional guidance affected student learning and science self-efficacy when nine- and ten- year old children learn to design unconfounded experiments using control of variable strategies (CVS). Specifically, the goal of this study was to replicate and extend prior research that examines the impact of the level of guidance on ability to successfully design scientifically credible experiments that isolate the relationship between two variables (Klahr & Nigam, 2004). Sixty children, who were enrolled in a summer sports program, were randomly assigned in equal numbers to one of the three following conditions: (1) guided instruction, where children received instruction with examples and explanations; (2) direct instruction, where children received instruction through lecture with examples; and (3) discovery learning, where children received instruction through methods of self discovery. Before starting the experiment, participants completed a prior knowledge pretest and a science self-efficacy measure. After receiving a common introduction to scientists' use of experiments, children received their assigned instructional treatment and completed the outcomes. The outcomes included: (1) design of experiments; (2) a recall measure about designing unconfounded experiments using CVS; (3) an application measure about applying CVS to scientific experiments; (4) an evaluation measure using CVS to evaluate a scientific experiment; and, (5) science self-efficacy. Results were analyzed using one-way ANOVAs and repeated-measures ANOVA. Children who received guided instruction designed a greater percentage of experiments correctly and had greater changes in self-efficacy relative to direct instruction and discovery learning. Children receiving direct instruction and guided instruction performed better than children who learned through discovery on all other learning measures. Results were interpreted in terms of theoretical and educational implications.

Hushman, Carolyn

498

Developing and testing a programmed instruction unit on PKU.  

PubMed

The methods used in developing and evaluating a programmed instruction unit on PKU and its dietary management are presented. The unit was shown to be a reliable, valid, effective, and enjoyable teaching aid for parents. All ten mothers using the text showed improvement in their post-test scores, and analysis by correlated sample student t-test demonstrated that the increases were highly significant (p of less than 0.0005). In addition, the mothers' responses to the learning experience were notably favorable. All enjoyed the text and strongly recommended its use for new families in the Clinic. The results indicate that programmed instruction may also be useful in other areas of patient nutrition education. Although not substitutes for the one-to-one counseling provided by nutritionists, such tools offer effective, self-paced, and individualized instruction which can be utilized by patients in their own homes. PMID:7391442

Marino, M A

1980-01-01

499

Positive Impacts of Modeling Instruction on Self-Efficacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Analysis of the impact of Modeling Instruction (MI) on the sources of self-efficacy for students in Introductory Physics 1 will be presented. We measured self-efficacy through a quantitative diagnostic (SOSESC) developed by Fencl and Scheel [1] to investigate the impact of instruction on the sources of self-efficacy in all introductory physics classes. We collected both pre- semester data and post-semester data, and evaluated the effect of the classroom by analyzing the shift (Post-Pre). At Florida International University, a Hispanic-serving institution, we find that traditional lecture classrooms negatively impact the self-efficacy of all students, while the MI courses had no impact for all students. Further, when disaggregating the data by gender and sources of self-efficacy, we find that Modeling Instruction positively impacted the Verbal Persuasion source of self-efficacy for women. This positive impact helps to explain high rates of retention for women in the MI classes.

Sawtelle, Vashti; Brewe, Eric; Kramer, Laird H.

2010-10-01

500

Library instruction within the medical record administration curriculum.  

PubMed

A course for medical record administration (MRA) students has been developed at the University of Tennessee Center for the Health Sciences Library. The course's objectives are: (1) to train students in the use of the resources and services of health sciences libraries and (2) to provide basic instruction in the organization, operation, and management of a small hospital library. These objectives are met by integrating library use instruction within the MRA curriculum and by presenting a five-week hospital library management workshop. Library use instruction includes a library orientation and sessions on the use of major reference sources, writing for publication, and the use and evaluation of the medical record literature. The workshop covers the role of the medical record administrator as manager of the hospital library. Sessions cover basic principles of hospital library administration, technical and public services, and sources of outside assistance. Results are reported of a survey of graduates conducted to determine whether a need for the course still existed and if the changes made as a result of the evaluation process were appropriate. The teaching methods and evaluation techniques used in this course are applicable to library instruction in other disciplines. PMID:7225659

Marcotte, J M; Graves, K J

1981-04-01