Science.gov

Sample records for occupation-based instruction evaluation

  1. Evaluating Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popham, W. James

    This book consists of six self-instructional programs to be completed individually by the reader. Topics of the programs are: current conceptions of educational evaluation; modern measurement methods; instructional supervision; a criterion-referenced strategy; constructing teaching performance tests; using teaching performance tests; and…

  2. Evaluation of Bibliographic Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardesty, Larry

    Arguing that there is a current tendency among librarians to talk more about the evaluation of bibliographic instruction than to actually do anything about it, this paper examines limitations of and considerations pertaining to evaluation and includes: (1) a brief discussion of the history of bibliographic instruction; (2) discussion of types of…

  3. Subjective and objective evaluation of sense of space for vehicle occupants based on anthropometric data.

    PubMed

    Hiamtoe, Pitarn; Steinhardt, Florian; Köhler, Uwe; Bengler, Klaus

    2012-01-01

    At present, the number of the vehicle requirements has been continuously increasing. These requirements can be related to the customer as well as the technical requirements. Among these, the "feeling of space" of the occupants inside the vehicles can be regarded as one of the most important factors. In this respect, the driver and passengers should be able to experience positive feeling of space inside the vehicle. There are numerous factors that can influence the sense of space inside the vehicle. These include geometry (vehicle dimensions), light exposure, ambient lights, colors, material selection and material surface. Depending on the selection, the sense of space can be dramatically influenced by these factors. In general, human feeling is subjective and cannot be measured by any instrument. The measure can nevertheless be carried out by utilizing the method of subjective evaluation. Throughout the experiments, the method of evaluation is developed and the factors which can influence the interior feeling are analyzed. In this process, psychological perception, architectural aspects and anthropometry are considered and knowledge from the other domains is transferred in the form of a multidisciplinary approach. The experiments with an aim to evaluate the overall sense of space in the vehicle are carried out based on the physical mock up of BMW 1 series (E87). The space perception with different interior dimensions and anthropometric data of test persons are also analyzed. The use of Computer Aided Technology was shown by CATIA V5, PCMAN and RAMSIS. The results show a good correlation between the subjective evaluation and the geometric values. PMID:22316731

  4. Evaluating Library-Use Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardesty, Larry; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Focuses primarily on summative evaluation of library-use instruction programs, using the development and results of a systematic assessment of such a program at DePauw University. Tabulated statistics and the evaluation instrument are provided. (Author/JD)

  5. Methods of Writing Instruction Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamb, Bill H.

    The Writing Program Director at Johnson County Community College (Kansas) developed quantitative measures for writing instruction evaluation which can support that institution's growing interest in and support for peer collaboration as a means to improving instructional quality. The first process (Interaction Analysis) has an observer measure…

  6. The Evaluation of Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, William J.

    A review of four models of instructional materials evaluation is presented to synthesize the state of the art of such evaluation. A model for evaluation is then developed which includes the following elements: (1) context evaluation and needs assessment, (2) input evaluation, (3) determination of resources, (4) program planning, (5) program…

  7. Summative Evaluation of Instructional Materials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krus, Patricia H.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    The summative evaluation of the money unit of the Money, Measurement, and Time program developed for educable mentally retarded elementary students is presented to illustrate instructional materials evaluation techniques. The types of information obtained, the techniques employed, and the usefulness of each are detailed. (Author/MV)

  8. Teacher Evaluation of Instructional Materials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaughlin, John A.; Trlica, Jack S.

    1976-01-01

    This article delineates a method for gathering classroom teacher evaluations of instructional materials: (1) the need to include teachers in the process of materials evaluation; (2) the selection of items for inclusion in the instrument; and (3) the strategy to be utilized in collecting, analyzing and disseminating the information. (Author)

  9. 1984 Summer Instructional Television Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, LaMarian

    An evaluation was conducted of the Atlanta Public Schools Sunclasses program, which was designed to reinforce basic reading and mathematics skills of retained or administratively placed students in grades 1-4, through 10 instructional television programs aired during a 6-week period in the summer of 1984. Supplementary activities implemented to…

  10. Confirmative Evaluation of Instructional Materials and Learners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hellebrandt, Josef; Russell, James D.

    1993-01-01

    Discusses confirmative evaluation of instructional materials and learners that completes a cycle of evaluative steps to maintain performance standards of an instructional system. Formative and summative evaluation procedures for learners and instructional materials are described, examples of confirmative evaluation are given, and types of…

  11. Evaluating instruction in medical education.

    PubMed

    Irby, D M

    1983-11-01

    The component parts and development of a comprehensive system to evaluate and improve teaching in a school of medicine are described by the author in this paper. This system integrates quantitative measures of teaching (student/resident ratings of classroom and clinical teaching), descriptive documentation (faculty teaching load, innovations, and research on teaching), and qualitative judgments (peer review) on the full spectrum of instruction in medicine. Medical school policies have standardized evaluation criteria, instrumentation, and procedures while granting departments flexibility in conducting peer review. The results of two studies indicate that the evaluation system described here has had a positive impact both on the improvement of teaching and on academic promotions. PMID:6631922

  12. How to Evaluate Computer Assisted Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitzel, Harold E.

    Rather than presenting a cookbook recipe for how to evaluate computer assisted instruction (CAI), a number of queries relevant to the evaluation of CAI are presented and explicated. (1) Is it possible that CAI offers opportunities to reach cognitive instructional objectives to which users of conventional methods do not aspire? (2) Is it reasonable…

  13. Evaluating Instructional Effectiveness with the Instructional Improvement Questionnaire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pohlmann, John T.

    The Instructional Improvement Questionnaire (IIQ) is a four-part questionnaire designed to collect evaluative feedback from students on their instructors and courses. The class characteristics section collects data from the student on variables such as grade point average, sex, class level, grade expected, time spent studying for the course, etc.…

  14. Project Shine: Summer Home Instruction and Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbetta, Patricia Marie; Heron, Timothy E.

    1991-01-01

    The article describes Project SHINE (Summer Home Instruction and Evaluation), which trains parents to provide brief instructional sessions to their mildly handicapped children. Five parent-child teams were trained in the six program components: pretest, practice, test, track and chart, supplemental practice, and maintenance probes. (DB)

  15. Evaluation of Instructional Materials. TM Report 45.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eash, Maurice J.; And Others

    This paper examines the evaluation of instructional materials from three viewpoints. First, an analytic system is described which has been found useful by practitioners and researchers for examining the instructional design of materials. This system can contribute to selection among competing materials and to improved use of materials in the…

  16. Computer Aided Instruction in Teaching Program Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowell, David A.; Binette, Holly A. Lizotte

    This paper reports the results of two semesters of experience using computer-assisted instruction (CAI) to teach topics in program evaluation to undergraduate and graduate psychology students at California State University, Long Beach. (The topics addressed are models of evaluation, evaluability assessment, needs assessment, experimental and…

  17. Self-Formative Evaluation of Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duby, Aliza

    1987-01-01

    Defines self-formative evaluation as the formative evaluation of instructional materials conducted during the development of the product by its users or developers. Topics discussed include the results of a study that examined users' attitudes toward such evaluation, their ability to execute it, and the effects of training on that ability. (CLB)

  18. Teacher Evaluation: Reinforcing Mechanical Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Miles T.

    The common assumption that teacher evaluation has a positive impact on the improvement of teaching is challenged. Critical challenges to the assumed contribution of teacher evaluation to learning originate from at least three areas of scholarly work: (1) revisionist/Marxist literature, which describes educational structures including teacher…

  19. Evaluation of Instructional Teams, 1968-69.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyles, Marion P.; And Others

    The effectiveness of the instructional team approach as opposed to the self-contained classroom approach was investigated by the Atlanta Public School system from 1966-1969 (under a funding by Title I, Public Law 89-10). The achievement levels of first grade and seventh grade pupils were evaluated, using both techniques at each level. The…

  20. Evaluation of Sight, Sound, Symbol Instructional Method.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massarotti, Michael C.; Slaichert, William M.

    Evaluated was the Sight-Sound-Symbol (S-S-S) method of teaching basic reading skills with four groups of 16 trainable mentally retarded children. The method involved use of a musical keyboard to teach children to identify numbers, letters, colors, and shapes. Groups either received individual S-S-S instruction for 10 minutes daily, received S-S-S…

  1. Personalized Systems of Instruction: How Evaluate?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Richard B.

    Although Fred Keller's personalized system of instruction (PSI) has had a surprisingly rapid adoption in colleges and universities since its introduction in 1964, sound evaluation techniques for the method are still needed. Verbal reports are vague, while other methods that have been used are idiosyncratic and depend on the way the teacher…

  2. Evaluation of Instructional Materials. Position Paper No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Ted

    The position paper on the evaluation of instructional materials by the Michigan State University Regional Instructional Materials Center for Handicapped Children and Youth (IMC HCY) examines the professional and ethical dilemmas of evaluation and presents evaluation policies of the center. Evaluated by a roster of field evaluators throughout the…

  3. Evaluation Techniques for Individualized Instruction: Revision and Summative Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Englert, DuWayne C.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Describes the collection and analysis of summative data for a slide/tape self-instruction program on an introductory zoology course. Points of concern regarding curricular changes, teaching assistant training, student use, student performance evaluation, development, and revision are discussed from their unique perspectives within the summative…

  4. Evaluation Techniques for Individualized Instruction: Revision and Summative Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Englert, DuWayne C.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Describes the collection and analysis of summative data for a slide/tape self-instruction program on an introductory zoology course. Points of concern regarding curricular changes, teaching assistant training, student use, student performance evaluation, development, and revision are discussed from their unique perspectives within the summative…

  5. Developing and Evaluating Instructionally Sensitive Assessments in Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruiz-Primo, Maria Araceli; Li, Min; Wills, Kellie; Giamellaro, Michael; Lan, Ming-Chih; Mason, Hillary; Sands, Deanna

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to address a major gap in the instructional sensitivity literature on how to develop instructionally sensitive assessments. We propose an approach to developing and evaluating instructionally sensitive assessments in science and test this approach with one elementary life-science module. The assessment we developed…

  6. Quality of Instruction Improved by Evaluation and Consultation of Instructors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rindermann, Heiner; Kohler, Jurgen; Meisenberg, Gerhard

    2007-01-01

    One aim of student evaluation of instruction is the improvement of teaching quality, but there is little evidence that student assessment of instruction alone improves teaching. This study tried to improve the effects of evaluation by combining evaluation with individual counselling in an institutional development approach. Evaluation was…

  7. Formative Student Evaluation of Instruction. TM Report 46.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherman, Thomas M.

    Current practices and controversial issues pertaining to student evaluation of instruction are briefly reviewed and followed by a discussion of the application of formative evaluation to this endeavor. Two reasons are generally given for conducting teacher evaluations by students: identification of good teachers and instructional improvement.…

  8. A Comprehensive Evaluation Rubric for Assessing Instructional Apps

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Cheng-Yuan; Cherner, Todd Sloan

    2015-01-01

    There is a pressing need for an evaluation rubric that examines all aspects of educational apps designed for instructional purposes. In past decades, many rubrics have been developed for evaluating educational computer-based programs; however, rubrics designed for evaluating the instructional implications of educational apps are scarce. When an…

  9. A Comprehensive Evaluation Rubric for Assessing Instructional Apps

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Cheng-Yuan; Cherner, Todd Sloan

    2015-01-01

    There is a pressing need for an evaluation rubric that examines all aspects of educational apps designed for instructional purposes. In past decades, many rubrics have been developed for evaluating educational computer-based programs; however, rubrics designed for evaluating the instructional implications of educational apps are scarce. When an…

  10. An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Evaluation of Visuals for Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lantz, Chris

    To what extent can photographic readability be formalized for use as a criterion in the evaluation of instructional materials? The purpose of this study was to develop and pilot test a readability index for evaluating photographic illustrations in instructional materials. The index uses an interdisciplinary battery of methods adapted from the…

  11. A Sourcebook for the Evaluation of Instructional Materials and Media.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Jenny R., Ed.

    Described is a generalized model for the evaluation of instructional materials and media designed to be usable by the Instructional Materials Centers/Regional Media Centers/Regional Resource Centers Network. The model is described as a guide to the inclusion of the critical elements in an evaluation problem situation. Discussed are a system for…

  12. Evaluating Online Educational Materials for Use in Instruction. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Branch, Robert M.; Kim, Dohun; Koenecke, Lynne

    This digest is intended to help teachers select good resources to use in their instruction by providing a checklist to evaluate online educational materials. The following major topic areas to consider when evaluating World Wide Web-based materials for use in instructional settings, as well as sub-questions in each area, are outlined: (1) Judge…

  13. Monitoring Instruction and Improving Students' Evaluations of Teachers' Performance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Bryan W.; Pool, Harbison

    The purpose of this research was to determine whether the use of multiple in-class student evaluations of instruction coupled with instructor consultations with students would subsequently alter end-of-term student evaluations of instructional performance. A nonequivalent control group design was used with 18 classes and approximately 400 students…

  14. On the Evaluation of Higher-Order Science Instructional Objectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hambleton, Ronald K.; Sheehan, Daniel S.

    1977-01-01

    Advocates the use of a free-sort categorization technique for evaluation of higher-order science instructional objectives. An explanation and demonstration of the use of the evaluation technique with 284 ninth-grade science students is provided. (CP)

  15. Monitoring and Improving Instructional Practices (And are Student Evaluations Valid?).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Bryan W.; Pool, Harbison

    1998-01-01

    Examined whether the use of multiple in-class college student evaluations of instruction throughout the term, coupled with instructor consultations with students, would lead to improved instruction as measured by direct observation and end-of-term student ratings. Results indicated that this created an enhanced learning environment and an…

  16. Individually Guided Education: Description of IGE. Evaluating Instructional Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Product Report, 1974

    1974-01-01

    Evaluates materials used for IGE, a program that calls for one-to-one and small group instruction plus much independent study. Emphasis on reading and motivation materials. Describes the program objectives and implementation features. (Author)

  17. Chickasha Cooperative Bibliographic Instruction Project: Final Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClure, Charles R.

    This report describes a cooperative library project in which a public, a university, and a high school library in Oklahoma collaborated to (1) acquaint high school students, college freshmen, and other area patrons with the library resources available to them in the city of Chickasha; (2) instruct them in the use of library resources; and (3) give…

  18. Evaluating Methods for Evaluating Instruction: The Case of Higher Education. NBER Working Paper No. 12844

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinberg, Bruce A.; Fleisher, Belton M.; Hashimoto, Masanori

    2007-01-01

    This paper studies methods for evaluating instruction in higher education. We explore student evaluations of instruction and a variety of alternatives. We develop a simple model to illustrate the biases inherent in student evaluations. Measuring learning using grades in future courses, we show that student evaluations are positively related to…

  19. Computer-Aided Personalized System of Instruction: A Program Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pear, Joseph J.; Novak, Mark

    1996-01-01

    Presents an evaluation of a computer-aided personalized system of instruction program in two undergraduate psychology courses. The computer presented short essay tests and arranged for students who had completed various assignments satisfactorily to help evaluate other students' mastery of those assignments. Student response generally was…

  20. Program Evaluation: Where Instruction and School Business Meet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayers, Steven V.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about program evaluation, a strategy commonly used by instructional leaders that can help school business officials improve their budget process. As districts struggle to develop budgets in these challenging economic times, school business officials might consider turning to program evaluation for help. Program…

  1. Self Instructional Material in Physiology: A Preliminary Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Mary

    1978-01-01

    Examines the preliminary evaluation of self-instructional material in physiology designed as remedial work by medical students. The materials are now used by science, veterinary, dental, and postgraduate medical students and have been distributed to 20 countries. Evaluation results indicate the materials are effective methods of study.

  2. Evaluation Techniques for Individualized Instruction: Development and Formative Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bedient, Douglas; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Steps used in the formative evaluation of a project designed to incorporate self-instructional materials in an introductory zoology course included techniques which: (1) involved colleagues in the material development; (2) assessed relevant student characteristics, expectations, and evaluations; and (3) were used in the examinations. (MBR)

  3. Program Evaluation: Where Instruction and School Business Meet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayers, Steven V.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about program evaluation, a strategy commonly used by instructional leaders that can help school business officials improve their budget process. As districts struggle to develop budgets in these challenging economic times, school business officials might consider turning to program evaluation for help. Program…

  4. Evaluation Bibliography. Aid #1 Instructional Aids Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunda, Mary Anne, Comp.

    This bibliography lists 603 journal articles and books which are relevant to individuals interested in evaluation. Arranged alphabetically by author, the citations include textbooks in evaluation theory and research design, conference presentations, and unpublished papers available from the authors. The bibliography attempts to present different…

  5. Transactional Evaluation and the Improvement of Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rippey, Robert M.

    Because discrepancies between individual needs and institutional roles are so often neglected in planning educational change, attention to this dimension may prove worthwhile. Evaluators who have omitted the evaluation of the effects of educational innovation on the total system--not just the students--may find it productive to assume this…

  6. A Guide to Cooperative Appraisal: Improving Instruction Through Personnel Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berg, Lyle

    This guide presents a cooperative appraisal plan for evaluating educators, and thereby improving instruction. The plan is based on identifying specific job targets as a way to meet the needs of the educators and their students. Educators on every level would work to describe their job responsibilities, pinpoint areas that need improvement, design…

  7. Exploring Non-Instructional Factors in Student Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ali, Holi Ibrahim Holi; Al Ajmi, Ahmed Ali Saleh

    2013-01-01

    The use of student ratings to measure instructors' teaching performance and effectiveness in tertiary education has been an important but controversial tool in the improvement of teaching quality during the past few decades. This is an attempt to explore non-instructional factors of student evaluations by discussing and reviewing relevant…

  8. Investigating Halo and Ceiling Effects in Student Evaluations of Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeley, Jared W.; English, Taylor; Irons, Jessica; Henslee, Amber M.

    2013-01-01

    Many measurement biases affect student evaluations of instruction (SEIs). However, two have been relatively understudied: halo effects and ceiling/floor effects. This study examined these effects in two ways. To examine the halo effect, using a videotaped lecture, we manipulated specific teacher behaviors to be "good" or "bad"…

  9. Evaluation and Assessment of a Biomechanics Computer-Aided Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington, N.; Parnianpour, M.; Fraser, J. M.

    1999-01-01

    Describes the Biomechanics Tutorial, a computer-aided instructional tool that was developed at Ohio State University to expedite the transition from lecture to application for undergraduate students. Reports evaluation results that used statistical analyses and student questionnaires to show improved performance on posttests as well as positive…

  10. Norming of Student Evaluations of Instruction: Impact of Noninstructional Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nargundkar, Satish; Shrikhande, Milind

    2014-01-01

    Student Evaluations of Instruction (SEIs) from about 6,000 sections over 4 years representing over 100,000 students at the college of business at a large public university are analyzed, to study the impact of noninstructional factors on student ratings. Administrative factors like semester, time of day, location, and instructor attributes like…

  11. Multi-Method Evaluation of Instruction in Engineering Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohanty, Ganesh; Gretes, John; Flowers, Claudia; Algozzine, Bob; Spooner, Fred

    2005-01-01

    Student evaluation of instruction in college and university courses has been a routine and mandatory part of undergraduate and graduate education for some time. A major shortcoming of the process is that it often relies exclusively on the opinions or qualitative judgments of students rather than the learning or transfer of knowledge that takes…

  12. Multi-Method Evaluation of Instruction in Engineering Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohanty, Ganesh; Gretes, John; Flowers, Claudia; Algozzine, Bob; Spooner, Fred

    2005-01-01

    Student evaluation of instruction in college and university courses has been a routine and mandatory part of undergraduate and graduate education for some time. A major shortcoming of the process is that it often relies exclusively on the opinions or qualitative judgments of students rather than the learning or transfer of knowledge that takes…

  13. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 123,461 surveys were sent out in 5,516 envelopes; 86,998 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 97.0%. The instructors' reports were provided to academic,…

  14. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 121,184 surveys were sent out in (5,346) envelopes; 78,310 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 96%. The response rate for the survey was 65%. The…

  15. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 90,045 surveys were sent out in 4,433 envelopes; 54,174 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 60%. Instructors' reports were provided to academic, workforce deans…

  16. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Fall 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 105,475 surveys were sent out in 5,489 envelopes; 66,790 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 81.0%. The instructors' reports were provided to academic,…

  17. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 97,160 surveys were sent out in 5,320 envelopes; 60,206 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the SEOI packet envelopes was 84%. The Instructors' reports were provided to academic,…

  18. Evaluation of Supplemental Instruction at the College Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peled, Ofra N.; Kim, Anna C.

    This paper offers a new method of evaluating the Supplemental Instruction (SI) model as implemented in biology courses at National-Louis University in Chicago, Illinois. From 1990 through 1993, 14 classes of general biology were taught by the same instructor, using the same textbook and syllabus. An SI leader was available for five of the classes,…

  19. A Guide to Evaluating Self-Instructional Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Paul I.; And Others

    Evaluation of self-instructional programs calls for a practical procedure which is consistent with the available information from scientific research studies and field reports. In order to aid teachers, principals, curriculum specialists, and other school administrators who may be unacquainted with the area, this book begins its development of a…

  20. Investigating Halo and Ceiling Effects in Student Evaluations of Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeley, Jared W.; English, Taylor; Irons, Jessica; Henslee, Amber M.

    2013-01-01

    Many measurement biases affect student evaluations of instruction (SEIs). However, two have been relatively understudied: halo effects and ceiling/floor effects. This study examined these effects in two ways. To examine the halo effect, using a videotaped lecture, we manipulated specific teacher behaviors to be "good" or "bad"…

  1. Results of Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEOI), Spring 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Community College System, Office of Institutional Research, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The "Student Evaluation of Instruction" (SEOI) was administered to all full-time and part-time faculty. Approximately 82,806 surveys were sent out in 4,830 envelopes; 52,464 surveys were returned to the Office of Institutional Research. The return rate for the paper surveys was 63% including late submissions. Instructors' reports were provided to…

  2. Teacher Evaluation, Performance-Related Pay, and Constructivist Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liang, Guodong; Akiba, Motoko

    2015-01-01

    Using statewide longitudinal teacher survey data collected in 2009 and 2010, this study examined the characteristics of teacher evaluation used to determine performance-related pay (PRP), and the association between PRP and improvement in the practice of constructivist instruction. The study found that 10.9% of middle school mathematics teachers…

  3. Evaluating the effectiveness of case method instruction in technical communication

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Feinberg, S. G.

    1981-01-01

    The effectiveness of the case method as an instructional technique in improving technical writing was evaluated. The development of a self-report instrument that attempts to measure changes in attitude toward technical communication and the presentation results change are the purpose of this paper. Standards for developing a case set forth by Goldstein and Couture, were used to design an evaluation instrument to measure the effect instruction on student attitude toward technical communication. This self-report instrument is based on model developed and tested by Daly and Miller who studied writer attitude and apprehension toward writing. It was the most important objective of any evaluation is to provide information for improving the program.

  4. Overview of the Visual Arts Curriculum, and Its Relationship with Evaluation and Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Imonikebe, Manasseh Emamoke

    2013-01-01

    Evaluation and instruction play very important roles in curriculum implementation. As a result, the two concepts are often enshrined in the curriculum document. This article therefore examined the Visual Arts curriculum and its relationship with evaluation and instruction. Furthermore, the roles of Evaluation and Instruction in curriculum planning…

  5. Evolution of Peer Evaluation of Library Instruction at Oregon State University Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Middleton, Cheryl

    2002-01-01

    Discusses benefits of peer evaluation as applied to library instruction and outlines the planning, implementation, and outcomes of a formal process for peer evaluation of instruction at Oregon State University Libraries that was used to improve library instruction and to satisfy promotion and tenure requirements. The checklist used for class…

  6. The Department-Wide Approach to Improving Faculty Instruction in Higher Education: A Qualitative Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hativa, Nira

    1995-01-01

    A Tel Aviv University (Israel) study applied qualitative methods to evaluate a model for improvement of university teaching. A departmental instruction specialist treats instructional quality issues comprehensively within a department. Two years of implementation in the physics department have resulted in increased instructional quality, faculty…

  7. Improving the Quality and Effectiveness of Computer-Mediated Instruction Through Usability Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowther, Michael S.; Keller, Chris C.; Waddoups, Gregory L.

    2004-01-01

    Brigham Young University's Center for Instructional Design (CID) creates online courses and multimedia instructional applications for university faculty. This paper asserts that including usability testing as a part of evaluation improves the quality and effectiveness of computer-mediated instruction. The paper describes the fundamental purpose…

  8. Defining School District Instructional Information Systems. Evaluation Systems Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bank, Adrianne; Williams, Richard C.

    The components of existing district instructional information systems are identified and illustrated by examples from field studies and descriptions of work with two districts in defining their instructional information systems and assigning costs. Instructional information systems are loosely organized methods of providing past and present…

  9. 34 CFR 300.302 - Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation... Education Programs, and Educational Placements Evaluations and Reevaluations § 300.302 Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation. The screening of a student by a teacher or specialist to...

  10. 34 CFR 300.302 - Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation... Education Programs, and Educational Placements Evaluations and Reevaluations § 300.302 Screening for instructional purposes is not evaluation. The screening of a student by a teacher or specialist to...

  11. The Program of Systematic Evaluation (PSE): Evaluating the Effects of Multimedia Instruction 1965-2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dwyer, Francis M.

    2007-01-01

    The Program of Systematic Evaluation (PSE), which began as an attempt to explore the instructional dimensions of multimedia, has evolved into the most comprehensive set of experimental multimedia studies exploring the varied dimensions of cognitive load theory as they relate to the design of effective and efficient visual learning environments for…

  12. The Impact of Self-Evaluation Instruction on Student Self-Evaluation, Music Performance, and Self-Evaluation Accuracy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hewitt, Michael P.

    2011-01-01

    The author sought to determine whether self-evaluation instruction had an impact on student self-evaluation, music performance, and self-evaluation accuracy of music performance among middle school instrumentalists. Participants (N = 211) were students at a private middle school located in a metropolitan area of a mid-Atlantic state. Students in…

  13. Occupation-Based Intervention for Addictive Disorders: A Systematic Review.

    PubMed

    Wasmuth, Sally; Pritchard, Kevin; Kaneshiro, Kellie

    2016-03-01

    Addictive disorders disrupt individuals' occupational lives, suggesting that occupational therapists can play a crucial role in addiction rehabilitation. Occupation-based interventions are those in which an occupation is performed, and occupations are defined as those activities a person engages in to structure time and create meaning in one's life. This review asked: In persons with addictive disorders, are occupation-based interventions more effective than treatment as usual in improving short and long-term recovery outcomes? A systematic literature search was performed by a medical librarian in Ovid MEDLINE, PsychINFO, Social Work Abstracts, OTSeeker, HealthSTAR, CINAHL, and ACPJournalClub. Authors screened 1095 articles for inclusion criteria (prospective outcome studies examining the effectiveness of an occupation-based intervention with a sample primarily consisting of a diagnosis of a substance-related or addictive disorder and with at least five participants), and two authors appraised the resulting 66 articles using a standard appraisal tool, yielding 26 articles for qualitative synthesis and 8 with shared outcome measures for quantitative analysis. Occupation-based interventions in the areas of work, leisure, and social participation were found to have been used to treat addictive disorders. Occupation-based interventions in the area of social participation all elicited better outcomes than their respective control/comparison groups. Not all occupation-based interventions in the area of leisure elicited better outcomes than their comparison group, but in the eight articles with shared outcome measures, quantitative analysis demonstrated leisure interventions produced larger effect sizes than social participation interventions. PMID:26738639

  14. Student Evaluation of Instruction in Higher Education: Exploring Issues of Validity and Reliability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhao, Jing; Gallant, Dorinda J.

    2012-01-01

    Many personnel committees at colleges and universities in the USA use student evaluation of faculty instruction to make decisions regarding tenure, promotion, merit pay or faculty professional development. This study examines the construct validity and internal consistency reliability of the student evaluation of instruction (SEI) used at a large…

  15. Direct Instruction Mathematics: Longitudinal Evaluation of Over 2,000 Low-Income Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gersten, Russell; Carnine, Douglas

    The results from the longitudinal evaluation of over 2000 low income students involved in the Direct Instruction Follow Through Project between kindergarten and third grade are reviewed. Of the ten major education approaches evaluated, students in the Direct Instruction model performed highest in all areas of Math: (1) Computations (66%…

  16. Programmed Instruction Manual for a New Solar and Energy Conservation Laboratory. Final Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Univ. of New York, Farmingdale. Agricultural and Technical Coll.

    A programmed instruction course was developed, consisting of fifteen experiments encompassing eleven separate pieces of equipment operational in a solar and energy conservation lab. The programmed instruction manual for the lab was evaluated and revised during a workshop. This evaluation indicated that both the lab and manual are valuable tools…

  17. Programmed Instruction Manual for a New Solar and Energy Conservation Laboratory. Final Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Univ. of New York, Farmingdale. Agricultural and Technical Coll.

    A programmed instruction course was developed, consisting of fifteen experiments encompassing eleven separate pieces of equipment operational in a solar and energy conservation lab. The programmed instruction manual for the lab was evaluated and revised during a workshop. This evaluation indicated that both the lab and manual are valuable tools…

  18. Final Report on the Evaluation of the National Science Foundation's Instructional Materials Development Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tushnet, Naida C.; Millsap, Mary Ann; Abdullah-Welsh, Noraini; Brigham, Nancy; Cooley, Elizabeth; Elliott, Jeanne; Johnston, Karen; Martinez, Alina; Nierenberg, Marla; Rosenblum, Sheila

    This document presents the final report on the evaluation of the Instructional Materials Development (IMD) program of the National Science Foundation (NSF) and focuses on issues related to the development, dissemination, adoption, implementation, and impact of new instructional materials. The IMD program evaluates products at each step, from…

  19. The Coordinated Correlated Instructional Program. Final Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dial, Keith; Lewis, Jim

    The report describes a project in which high-motivation language arts and math instruction was provided to decrease absenteeism, school failure and dropout rates for secondary handicapped students. It is explained that instruction was correlated with "visible kit" materials, including the Visible V8 Engine Kit, and that a document was prepared…

  20. Using Anchored Instruction to Evaluate Mathematical Growth and Understanding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurz, Terri L.; Batarelo, Ivana

    2005-01-01

    Anchored instruction is designed to present problems in a meaningful context to allow for investigations into real life environments. The Jasper Project was created to allow students to investigate mathematical dilemmas using anchored instruction techniques. This study uses case study methods to examine the perceptions that preservice teachers…

  1. Evaluation of Three Instructional Methods for Teaching General Chemistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackman, Lance E.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Reports on a study designed to determine the relative effectiveness of different instructional approaches on chemistry laboratory achievement. Investigated differences in achievement in spectrophotometry among college freshmen who received either traditional, learning cycle, or computer simulation instruction. Results indicated that students…

  2. Simulation-Based Evaluation of Learning Sequences for Instructional Technologies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEneaney, John E.

    2016-01-01

    Instructional technologies critically depend on systematic design, and learning hierarchies are a commonly advocated tool for designing instructional sequences. But hierarchies routinely allow numerous sequences and choosing an optimal sequence remains an unsolved problem. This study explores a simulation-based approach to modeling learning…

  3. Simulation-Based Evaluation of Learning Sequences for Instructional Technologies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEneaney, John E.

    2016-01-01

    Instructional technologies critically depend on systematic design, and learning hierarchies are a commonly advocated tool for designing instructional sequences. But hierarchies routinely allow numerous sequences and choosing an optimal sequence remains an unsolved problem. This study explores a simulation-based approach to modeling learning…

  4. Evaluation of the Special Instructional Assistance Program. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta.

    This report discusses the activities and outcomes of Special Instructional Assistance (SIA) an early intervention, prevention program designed to help Georgia students with identified developmental delays overcome the effects of those delays on academic achievement. The central tenet of the program is to provide more individualized instruction to…

  5. An Analysis and Evaluation of Online Instructional Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knapczyk, Dennis R.; Hew, Khe Foon

    2007-01-01

    A key factor in successful teacher education is designing activities that promote attainment of instructional objectives. However, in online teacher education there is little evidence regarding the types of activities that can be used to achieve specific objectives and variation from class to class while providing effective instruction. This study…

  6. Applying a Classroom Process Model to Instructional Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leinhardt, Gaea

    Variations in classroom instruction were observed, and related to student achievement in reading and mathematics. A six-construct model was applied to data on students and instructional practices in sixty second grade classrooms at nine geographic sites, seven of which were sponsored by Project Follow-Through. The constructs were: (l) initial…

  7. Evaluation of Computer-Assisted Instruction for Math Accuracy Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gross, Thomas J.; Duhon, Gary

    2013-01-01

    Students in the United States demonstrate low proficiency in their math skills. One promising intervention, computer-assisted instruction, may be used for remediation. There is growing support that computer-assisted instruction is effective for increasing addition and multiplication accuracy and fluency, but more research is necessary in order to…

  8. Evaluation of Three Instructional Methods for Teaching General Chemistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackman, Lance E.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Reports on a study designed to determine the relative effectiveness of different instructional approaches on chemistry laboratory achievement. Investigated differences in achievement in spectrophotometry among college freshmen who received either traditional, learning cycle, or computer simulation instruction. Results indicated that students…

  9. The Evaluation of Collegiate Instruction: How to Open a Closed System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smock, Richard; Kelly, Edward

    This paper describes the instructional system operative at the department level at most American colleges and universities and indicates the function and relationship of development and evaluative activities within it. It suggests that many of the instructional systems within the university structure may be legitimately characterized as closed…

  10. An Evaluation of Factors That Influence Children's Instruction Following

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sy, Jolene R.; Donaldson, Jeanne M.; Vollmer, Timothy R.; Pizarro, Eliana

    2014-01-01

    Behavior that resembles instruction following might sometimes be under stimulus control of extraneous variables. We evaluated the effects of some of these variables (i.e., presence of relevant objects, associations between instructions and object sets) with 3 children with intellectual disabilities. In Experiment 1, we assessed whether subjects…

  11. An Evaluation of Programmed Treatment-integrity Errors during Discrete-trial Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, Regina A.; Kodak, Tiffany; Fisher, Wayne W.

    2013-01-01

    This study evaluated the effects of programmed treatment-integrity errors on skill acquisition for children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during discrete-trial instruction (DTI). In Study 1, we identified common treatment-integrity errors that occur during academic instruction in schools. In Study 2, we simultaneously manipulated 3…

  12. Evaluating and Advancing the Effective Teaching of Special Educators with a Dynamic Instructional Practices Portfolio

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, Stephen N.; Roach, Andrew T.; Kurz, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    We describe the concept of a dynamic instructional practices portfolio to evaluate special education teachers. This portfolio features the My Instructional Learning Opportunities Guidance System (MyiLOGS) as the core component. MyiLOGS is an online, daily self-report measure of opportunity to learn (OTL) that provides detailed information on…

  13. Faculty Reaction to the KSU Student Evaluation of Instruction Program. Research Report No. 44.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owens, Richard E.; Clegg, Victoria L.

    Since the spring semester of 1969, Kansas State University faculty have used the Student Evaluation of Instruction and Courses program known today as IDEA--Instructional Development and Effectiveness Assessment. Voluntary participation in the system has grown from less than 80 classes in 1969-1970 to more than 1,600 classes per year in recent…

  14. Instructional Technology Assistance Project. Evaluation Report: Year Two, 2001-2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Paul

    An evaluation was conducted of the Instructional Technology Assistance Project. Its goals were to promote learning in technologically enhanced classrooms; support adult education (AE) teachers in developing skills and confidence in integrating technology into instruction; and identify exemplary practices in technology enhanced AE. Data sources…

  15. EVALUATION OF THE EOA REMEDIAL INSTRUCTION PROJECT FOR HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUTS--1966-67. RESEARCH REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HAKKARAINEN, EDWARD A.

    A REMEDIAL READING INSTRUCTION PROJECT TO IMPROVE THE SKILLS OF HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUTS IS EVALUATED. CENTERS WERE ESTABLISHED AT THREE SITES TO SERVE 750 DROPOUTS REFERRED BY VARIOUS COMMUNITY AGENCIES. THE PROJECT WAS STAFFED BY SIX REMEDIAL READING TEACHERS, SEVEN COMMUNITY AIDES, AND ONE LIAISON WORKER. INDIVIDUALIZED INSTRUCTION USING A VARIETY…

  16. Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS) Communication Arts 1985-86. OEA Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn. Office of Educational Assessment.

    Using both qualitative and quantitative data, the Office of Educational Assessment/Instructional Support Unit evaluated the 1985-1986 New York City Board of Education's Comprehensive Instructional Management Systems-Communication Arts (CIMS-CA) Project. The 1985-1986 CIMS-CA aimed to (1) implement an integrated communication arts program for…

  17. Interactive Television in Distance Education Setting: Formative Evaluation of "Adapting Instructional Techniques."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pugh, Richard C.; And Others

    "Adapting Instructional Techniques" was developed at Indiana University to improve the performance of teachers in classrooms equipped for interactive audio or video in a distance education setting. The formative evaluation of this videotape is described. The tape suggested modifications for five common instructional techniques used in conventional…

  18. Evaluation of Multimedia Authoring Instruction Based in a Behaviorist-Cognitive-Constructivist Continuum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherry, Annette C.

    1998-01-01

    This evaluative case study examines the learning experiences of graduate students studying effective multimedia authoring. Continuum-based instructional design, behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, collaboration, the role of a matrix, transfer of training, and qualitative and quantitative results are discussed. (LRW)

  19. An evaluation of programmed treatment-integrity errors during discrete-trial instruction.

    PubMed

    Carroll, Regina A; Kodak, Tiffany; Fisher, Wayne W

    2013-01-01

    This study evaluated the effects of programmed treatment-integrity errors on skill acquisition for children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during discrete-trial instruction (DTI). In Study 1, we identified common treatment-integrity errors that occur during academic instruction in schools. In Study 2, we simultaneously manipulated 3 integrity errors during DTI. In Study 3, we evaluated the effects of each of the 3 integrity errors separately on skill acquisition during DTI. Results showed that participants either demonstrated slower skill acquisition or did not acquire the target skills when instruction included treatment-integrity errors. PMID:24114154

  20. Assessment of a Model for the Evaluation of Professional Non-Instruction Staff in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hlavaty, Erica A.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to help improve the evaluation system for school counselors and school psychologists, or non-instructional, certified staff (NICS). A mixed methodology approach was used to describe the existing evaluation system used to evaluate NICS; to develop a new system of evaluation based on recent research; and to determine…

  1. Assessment of a Model for the Evaluation of Professional Non-Instruction Staff in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hlavaty, Erica A.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to help improve the evaluation system for school counselors and school psychologists, or non-instructional, certified staff (NICS). A mixed methodology approach was used to describe the existing evaluation system used to evaluate NICS; to develop a new system of evaluation based on recent research; and to determine…

  2. Evaluating Instructional Design Models: A Proposed Research Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gropper, George L.

    2015-01-01

    Proliferation of prescriptive models in an "engineering" field is not a sign of its maturity. Quite the opposite. Materials engineering, for example, meets the criterion of parsimony. Sadly, the very large number of models in "instructional design," putatively an engineering field, raises questions about its status. Can the…

  3. An Evaluation of Logical Operations Instruction in the Preschool.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hooper, Frank H.

    As a preparatory step to the design of a preschool curriculum, this study examines three of the complex cognitive behaviors exemplified by the concrete operations period and its developmental prerequisites. Middle-class children in a university laboratory nursery setting were pretested, matched for age and randomly assigned to an instruction or a…

  4. Evaluating Instructional Design Models: A Proposed Research Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gropper, George L.

    2015-01-01

    Proliferation of prescriptive models in an "engineering" field is not a sign of its maturity. Quite the opposite. Materials engineering, for example, meets the criterion of parsimony. Sadly, the very large number of models in "instructional design," putatively an engineering field, raises questions about its status. Can the…

  5. Effects of Instruction in Methodological Reasoning on Information Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leshowitz, Barry; DiCerbo, Kristen Eignor; Okun, Morris A.

    2002-01-01

    Describes an instructional program focusing on the application of causal reasoning and related principles of the scientific method to problems that occur in daily life. Reports the results of a capstone exercise that investigated the changes in students' beliefs towards legalization of marijuana after reading persuasive communications. (CMK)

  6. Evaluation of Self-Paced Instructional Materials in Pharmaceutics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayres, James W.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    The instructional effectiveness of two different presentation methods (lecture and self-paced or modularized) was examined using two groups of pharmacy students. Little or no difference was found in this study of junior and senior students at Oregon State University. (LBH)

  7. Experimental Evaluation of an Instructional Supporting Tool in Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karoulis, Athanasis; Stamelos, Ioannis; Angelis, Lefteris

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes a controlled experiment concerning the use of a learning aid during an open and distance learning (ODL) course. The core issue of investigation is whether this instructional aid can support, guide, and scaffold the distant student in his/her study. For this purpose, a controlled experiment was conducted with the participation…

  8. An Evaluation of the Costs of Computer-Assisted Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Henry M.; Woo, Louis

    1981-01-01

    Estimates costs and cost feasibility of using computer-assisted instruction (CAI) or compensatory education on the elementary and secondary school levels for disadvantaged children. Data were collected from an experiment sponsored in Los Angeles schools by the National Institute of Education. Journal available from Ballinger Publishing Company, 17…

  9. Preschoolers' Compliance with Simple Instructions: A Descriptive and Experimental Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephenson, Kasey M.; Hanley, Gregory P.

    2010-01-01

    "Compliance" is often used to describe a situation in which a child completes instructions from adults, and low levels of compliance are a common teacher concern. We conducted a descriptive assessment that showed that compliance was relatively stable for individual children, variable across children, and positively correlated with age. The impact…

  10. Experimental Evaluation of an Instructional Supporting Tool in Distance Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karoulis, Athanasis; Stamelos, Ioannis; Angelis, Lefteris

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes a controlled experiment concerning the use of a learning aid during an open and distance learning (ODL) course. The core issue of investigation is whether this instructional aid can support, guide, and scaffold the distant student in his/her study. For this purpose, a controlled experiment was conducted with the participation…

  11. A Decision Model for Evaluating Potential Change in Instructional Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amor, J. P.; Dyer, J. S.

    A statistical model designed to assist elementary school principals in the process of selection educational areas which should receive additional emphasis is presented. For each educational area, the model produces an index number which represents the expected "value" per dollar spent on an instructional program appropriate for strengthening that…

  12. Evaluation of Instructional Systems RUPS and TABA. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neill, Phillip M.

    An investigation was conducted to determine the extent of dissemination of the Research Utilizing Problem Solving (Rups) and Development of Higher Level Thinking Abilities (TABA) instructional systems developed by the Northwest Regional Laboratory (NWREL), the degree of conformity between the RUPS and TABA systems as developed and as used in the…

  13. A Case for Personalized Instruction in Pathology: Student Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, A. Duane; Bickley, Harmon C.

    1976-01-01

    To accomodate the increased need for pathology in pharmaceutical education, the University of Wyoming School of Pharmacy has modified its instructional program, presented according to Keller's PSI method. Students take a course that integrates basic anatomic pathology with the fundamental concepts of clinical laboratory technique. (LBH)

  14. Instructional and Leadership Development through Distance Learning. Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, J. W.; Ciereszko, A. A.; Holmes, L. B., Jr.; Grey, P. D.; Bigbie, C. L.

    The Instructional and Leadership Development through Distance Learning (ILDDL) project was created to demonstrate ways that technology and distance learning can be used to address some of Florida's educational needs. The project involved the collaboration of Florida State University, the University of Florida, and nine Florida community colleges.…

  15. First Impressions and Professor Reputation: Influence on Student Evaluations of Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchert, Stephanie; Laws, Eric L.; Apperson, Jennifer M.; Bregman, Norman J.

    2008-01-01

    We examined the effects of professor reputation versus first impressions on student evaluations of instruction. Students in 19 Psychology courses completed course evaluation surveys either before meeting the instructor or 2 weeks into the semester. Both groups then completed the course evaluation again at the end of the semester. Unlike…

  16. Evaluation of Instructional Materials for Exceptional Children and Youth: A Preliminary Instrument.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eash, Maurice

    An instrument for the evaluation of instructional materials is presented. Evaluative items are arranged under four constructs: objectives, organization of material (both scope and sequence), methodology, and evaluation. A section is also provided for summary quantitative judgment. A glossary of terms used in the instrument is included. A training…

  17. The Design and Development of an Evaluation System for Online Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wentling, Tim L.; Johnson, Scott D.

    This paper describes the conceptualization and development of an evaluation system that can be used to monitor and evaluate online instructional efforts. The evaluation system addresses concerns of both program administrators and course instructors. Computer technology is used to provide partial automation to reduce respondent burden and to…

  18. Evaluation of simSchool: An Instructional Simulation for Pre-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deale, Deb; Pastore, Ray

    2014-01-01

    This study uses theory-based design principles to evaluate the effectiveness of an instructional simulation, simSchool. It begins by examining the simulation and evaluation literature, followed by an evaluation of the simSchool software. It is a Web-based simulation designed to emulate various students (reactions) in order to provide practice for…

  19. Standards for Evaluation of Instructional Materials with Respect to Social Content.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Curriculum Framework and Instructional Materials Unit.

    The purpose of this document is to provide reasonable, systematic standards for evaluation of instructional materials upon which evaluators may base their judgments, so that the results of the evaluation process will be as nearly consistent and therefore, as equitable, as possible. The guidelines are based on the social content requirements of the…

  20. Item difficulty in the evaluation of computer-based instruction: an example from neuroanatomy.

    PubMed

    Chariker, Julia H; Naaz, Farah; Pani, John R

    2012-01-01

    This article reports large item effects in a study of computer-based learning of neuroanatomy. Outcome measures of the efficiency of learning, transfer of learning, and generalization of knowledge diverged by a wide margin across test items, with certain sets of items emerging as particularly difficult to master. In addition, the outcomes of comparisons between instructional methods changed with the difficulty of the items to be learned. More challenging items better differentiated between instructional methods. This set of results is important for two reasons. First, it suggests that instruction may be more efficient if sets of consistently difficult items are the targets of instructional methods particularly suited to them. Second, there is wide variation in the published literature regarding the outcomes of empirical evaluations of computer-based instruction. As a consequence, many questions arise as to the factors that may affect such evaluations. The present article demonstrates that the level of challenge in the material that is presented to learners is an important factor to consider in the evaluation of a computer-based instructional system. PMID:22231801

  1. The Effect of Occupation-based Cognitive Rehabilitation for Traumatic Brain Injury: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

    PubMed

    Park, Hae Yean; Maitra, Kinsuk; Martinez, Kristina Marie

    2015-06-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability among people younger than 35 years in the United States. Cognitive difficulty is a common consequence of TBI. To address cognitive deficits of patients with TBI, various cognitive rehabilitation approaches have been used for the clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to investigate the overall effect of occupation-based cognitive rehabilitation on patients' improvement in cognitive performance components, activity of daily living (ADL) performance, and values, beliefs and spirituality functions of patients with TBI. The papers used in this study were retrieved from the Cochrane Database, EBSCO (CINAHL), PsycINFO, PubMed and Web of Science published between 1997 and 2014. The keywords for searching were cognitive, rehabilitation, occupation, memory, attention, problem-solving, executive function, ADL, values, beliefs, spirituality, randomized controlled trials and TBI. For the meta-analysis, we examined 60 effect sizes from nine studies that are related to the occupation-based cognitive rehabilitation on persons with TBI. In persons with TBI, overall mental functions, ADL, and values, beliefs and spirituality were significantly improved in the groups that received occupation-based cognitive rehabilitation compared with comparison groups (mean d = 0.19, p < .05). Evidence from the present meta-analytic study suggests that occupation-based cognitive rehabilitation would be beneficial for individuals with TBI for improving daily functioning and positively be able to affect their psychosocial functions. Collecting many outcome measures in studies with relatively few participants and the final data are less reliable than the whole instrument itself. Future research should evaluate the effectiveness of specific occupation-based cognitive rehabilitations programmes in order to improve consistency among rehabilitation providers. PMID:25808426

  2. Evaluation: Processes and Practices. Selected Papers from the Conference for the Evaluation of Instructional Materials (Washington, D.C., April 5-6, 1968).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swisher, Ginny, Ed.; And Others

    Selected papers from the Conference for the Evaluation of Instructional Materials treat the area of evaluation by describing Richard Dershimer's three-part evaluative schema, the Educational Products Information Exchange approach to evaluating instructional materials, the evaluation procedures in Montgomery county (Maryland), the Consumers Union…

  3. An Evaluation of Preference for Mode of Instruction Following Variations in Response Effort

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romani, Patrick W.; McCoy, Thomasin E.; Wacker, David P.; Padilla-Dalmau, Yaniz C.

    2014-01-01

    The current study evaluated preference for mode of instruction (i.e., visual or vocal) for four children diagnosed with a language-based learning disability. Each participant was an elementary student who was initially referred to a neuropsychology clinic specializing in learning disabilities. As a part of the evaluation, measures of each…

  4. Toolkit for Evaluating Alignment of Instructional and Assessment Materials to the Common Core State Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achieve, Inc., 2014

    2014-01-01

    In joint partnership, Achieve, The Council of Chief State School Officers, and Student Achievement Partners have developed a Toolkit for Evaluating the Alignment of Instructional and Assessment Materials to the Common Core State Standards. The Toolkit is a set of interrelated, freely available instruments for evaluating alignment to the CCSS; each…

  5. Student Evaluation of Instruction: Comparison between In-Class and Online Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capa-Aydin, Yesim

    2016-01-01

    This study compares student evaluations of instruction that were collected in-class with those gathered through an online survey. The two modes of administration were compared with respect to response rate, psychometric characteristics and mean ratings through different statistical analyses. Findings indicated that in-class evaluations produced a…

  6. Use of Student Evaluations to Improve Instruction. AIR 1983 Annual Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bingman, Richard M.

    A pilot project designed to link more effectively instructional improvement to student evaluation was undertaken at The University of Missouri at Kansas City. Attention was focused on graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) in seven academic units. Students rated their GTA instructors, and interpretations of the evaluation results were provided to a…

  7. Student Evaluation of Instruction: Comparison between In-Class and Online Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capa-Aydin, Yesim

    2016-01-01

    This study compares student evaluations of instruction that were collected in-class with those gathered through an online survey. The two modes of administration were compared with respect to response rate, psychometric characteristics and mean ratings through different statistical analyses. Findings indicated that in-class evaluations produced a…

  8. Toolkit for Evaluating Alignment of Instructional and Assessment Materials to the Common Core State Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achieve, Inc., 2014

    2014-01-01

    In joint partnership, Achieve, The Council of Chief State School Officers, and Student Achievement Partners have developed a Toolkit for Evaluating the Alignment of Instructional and Assessment Materials to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). The Toolkit is a set of interrelated, freely available instruments for evaluating alignment to the…

  9. Interim Guidelines for Evaluation of Instructional Materials with Respect to Social Content.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Curriculum Framework and Instructional Materials Unit.

    The purpose of these guidelines is to provide consistent, systematic standards for evaluating instructional materials proposed for use in California's public schools to ensure compliance with the Education Code. Though they are not intended to supplant the evaluator's judgment, the guidelines do comprise the minimum standards for acceptability in…

  10. Claims about the Reliability of Student Evaluations of Instruction: The Ecological Fallacy Rides Again

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morley, Donald D.

    2012-01-01

    The vast majority of the research on student evaluation of instruction has assessed the reliability of groups of courses and yielded either a single reliability coefficient for the entire group, or grouped reliability coefficients for each student evaluation of teaching (SET) item. This manuscript argues that these practices constitute a form of…

  11. An Evaluation of Preference for Mode of Instruction Following Variations in Response Effort

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romani, Patrick W.; McCoy, Thomasin E.; Wacker, David P.; Padilla-Dalmau, Yaniz C.

    2014-01-01

    The current study evaluated preference for mode of instruction (i.e., visual or vocal) for four children diagnosed with a language-based learning disability. Each participant was an elementary student who was initially referred to a neuropsychology clinic specializing in learning disabilities. As a part of the evaluation, measures of each…

  12. Evaluating Effective Teaching in College Level Economics Using Student Ratings of Instruction: A Factor Analytic Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agbetsiafa, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the factors that affect students' evaluation of economic instruction using a sample of 1300 completed rating instruments at a comprehensive four-year mid-western public university. The study uses factor analysis to determine the validity and reliability of the evaluation instrument in assessing instructor or course…

  13. An Evaluation of Selected Instructional Media Programs in Kansas Colleges and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petty, Bruce Alan

    Suspecting that two-year public colleges are more committed to instructional media programs than four-year institutions and that higher educational institutions in general are lacking in commitment to media programs, the author surveyed thirty-four Kansas colleges and universities by using the Evaluative Checklist for Self-Evaluating an…

  14. Evaluating Effective Teaching in College Level Economics Using Student Ratings of Instruction: A Factor Analytic Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agbetsiafa, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the factors that affect students' evaluation of economic instruction using a sample of 1300 completed rating instruments at a comprehensive four-year mid-western public university. The study uses factor analysis to determine the validity and reliability of the evaluation instrument in assessing instructor or course…

  15. Evaluations that Respond: Prescription, Application, and Implications of Responsive Evaluation Theory for Community College Instructional Support Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durdella, Nathan R.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines two community college instructional support programs to explore the effectiveness of an evaluation model--responsive evaluation theory--that may ease the tensions between a concern over programs' processes and reporting requirements for program outcomes. The study uses a comparative qualitative case study design and applies…

  16. SPECS 3. Component Three: Instructional Program Planning, Evaluation, and Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Barbara; And Others

    The School Planning, Evaluation, and Communication System (SPECS) is an overall design for districtwide program assessment and development. It is both a way of interrelating planning evaluation of individual programs and a way of comparing the outcomes of all district programs with the district's community-defined educational goals. Component…

  17. Usability and Instructional Design Heuristics for E-Learning Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeves, Thomas C.; Benson, Lisa; Elliott, Dean; Grant, Michael; Holschuh, Doug; Kim, Beaumie; Kim, Hyeonjin; Lauber, Erick; Loh, Sebastian

    Heuristic evaluation is a methodology for investigating the usability of software originally developed by Nielsen (1993, 2000). Nielsen's protocol was modified and refined for evaluating e-learning programs by participants in a doctoral seminar held at the University of Georgia in 2001. The modifications primarily involved expanding Nielsen's…

  18. A Moderate Constructivist E-Learning Instructional Model Evaluated on Computer Specialists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alonso, Fernando; Manrique, Daniel; Vines, Jose M.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a novel instructional model for e-learning and an evaluation study to determine the effectiveness of this model for teaching Java language programming to information technology specialists working for the Spanish Public Administration. This is a general-purpose model that combines objectivist and constructivist learning…

  19. Improving Course Evaluations to Improve Instruction and Complex Learning in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frick, Theodore W.; Chadha, Rajat; Watson, Carol; Zlatkovska, Emilija

    2010-01-01

    Recent research has touted the benefits of learner-centered instruction, problem-based learning, and a focus on complex learning. Instructors often struggle to put these goals into practice as well as to measure the effectiveness of these new teaching strategies in terms of mastery of course objectives. Enter the course evaluation, often a…

  20. A Preliminary Evaluation of Instructional Effectiveness of Online Training Implemented at a Government Agency in Thailand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Supanakorn-Davila, Supawan; Bolliger, Doris U.

    2012-01-01

    Online training has become popular in the professional development of government employees in Thailand. One large government agency developed an online program to provide training to its employees across the country using two systems: an Internet and Intranet-based system. With the new program implemented, the evaluation of the instructional

  1. From Student Evaluations to Teacher Performance: A Study of Piano Class Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iwaguchi, Setsuko

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate instruction in individually mentored piano classes in nursery and kindergarten teacher training programmes. Questionnaires were developed and administered to piano class students; using the resulting data, relationships among the variables that affect student's satisfaction with piano classes and their…

  2. Evaluation of a Text Compression Algorithm Against Computer-Aided Instruction (CAI) Material.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Joseph M., Jr.

    This report describes the initial evaluation of a text compression algorithm against computer assisted instruction (CAI) material. A review of some concepts related to statistical text compression is followed by a detailed description of a practical text compression algorithm. A simulation of the algorithm was programed and used to obtain…

  3. Evaluation of Turkish Grammar Instruction Based on Primary School Teachers' Opinions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anilan, HĂĽseyin

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the holistic approach to Turkish grammar instruction in the first stage of primary education from the opinions and experiences of Turkish primary school teachers. This study is a qualitative research designed as a phenomenological study. The study participants were selected using maximum variation…

  4. Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Manual to Teach Multiple-Stimulus without Replacement Preference Assessments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramon, Duong; Yu, C. T.; Martin, Garry L.; Martin, Toby

    2015-01-01

    We evaluated a self-instructional training manual for conducting multiple-stimulus without replacement stimulus preference assessment. The manual was compared to a method description, adapted from the method sections of previous published research articles, in an unbalanced crossover design with 18 undergraduate university students, randomly…

  5. Critical Evaluations and Instructional Potential of Authoring and Titled Program Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reppert, James E.

    This paper describes and evaluates the instructional uses of the Claris Works and Ultimedia Tools Series authoring programs and the following titled software programs: CNN Time Capsule: 100 Defining Moments of 1993; Windows Magazine: 1994; Ultimate Digital Studio; Data Trek Manager Series; and Cinemania '95. (AEF)

  6. The Development and Application of an Instructional Materials Evaluation System: Preacademic Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mischio, George S.; Franks, David J.

    1982-01-01

    A generic product evaluation system was developed and validated when 13 qualified regular and special educators were trained to estimate the developmental appropriateness of 239 instructional materials. The teams provided feedback for product revision and supplementary use. The data had implications for long term planning, marketing techniques,…

  7. Practical Implications of Evaluating the Efficiency of Listener and Tact Instruction for Children with Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delfs, Caitlin H.; Frampton, Sarah E.

    2014-01-01

    Recent literature reviews have highlighted the need to better understand the relation between speaker and listener behavior when teaching learners with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current paper outlines the practical implications of evaluating the emergence of tact and listener behavior during instruction for the opposite relation, as…

  8. Further Classification and Methodological Considerations of Evaluations for Online Discussion in Instructional Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spatariu, Alexandru; Winsor, Denise L.; Simpson, Cynthia; Hosman, Eric

    2016-01-01

    With the rapid advancements of technology, online communication in both K-12 and post-secondary instruction has been widely implemented. Instructors as well as researchers have used various frameworks to evaluate different aspects of online discussions' quality. The online discussions take place synchronously or asynchronously in chat rooms,…

  9. An Evaluation of a Faculty Planned Instructional Development Program at Florida Keys Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzgerald, Richard F.

    This five-part report describes and evaluates an in-service instructional development course, which was conducted between December 1978 and February 1979 in a series of five modules for faculty at Florida Keys Community College (FKCC). Chapter I presents introductory material discussing the need for such a course, identifying the criteria upon…

  10. Developing and Evaluating an Interactive Multimedia Instructional Tool: Learning Outcomes and User Experiences of Optometry Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Ling

    2008-01-01

    This study developed an interactive multimedia-based software program for Optics instruction, which was expected to overcome the imperfection of traditional optical labs. The researcher evaluated the effectiveness of the program through an experimental study that compared the learning outcomes of the students who used and did not use the software.…

  11. From Student Evaluations to Teacher Performance: A Study of Piano Class Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iwaguchi, Setsuko

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate instruction in individually mentored piano classes in nursery and kindergarten teacher training programmes. Questionnaires were developed and administered to piano class students; using the resulting data, relationships among the variables that affect student's satisfaction with piano classes and their…

  12. Sight Word Instruction for Students with Autism: An Evaluation of the Evidence Base

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spector, Janet E.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reviews the evidence on sight word instruction as a method of teaching students with autism and significant cognitive and verbal limitations to read printed words. Nine single-subject studies were rated using Reichow et al.'s ("J Autism Dev Disord" 38:1311-1319, 2008) evaluative method for identifying evidence-based practice, and…

  13. Evaluation of iTunes University Courses through Instructional Design Strategies and m-Learning Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tseng, Hung Wei; Tang, Yingqi; Morris, Betty

    2016-01-01

    As mobile learning technology promotes learning accessibility and flexibility, students benefit from social interactivity and connective learning process which will also foster students' performance and satisfaction on learning content. The primary purpose of this research was to evaluate iTunes U courses based on instructional design strategies…

  14. Experimental Effects of Student Evaluations Coupled with Collaborative Consultation on College Professors' Instructional Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knol, Mariska H.; in't Veld, Rachna; Vorst, Harrie C. M.; van Driel, Jan H.; Mellenbergh, Gideon J.

    2013-01-01

    This experimental study concerned the effects of repeated students' evaluations of teaching coupled with collaborative consultation on professors' instructional skills. Twenty-five psychology professors from a Dutch university were randomly assigned to either a control group or an experimental group. During their course, students…

  15. Segmentation Techniques for Expanding a Library Instruction Market: Evaluating and Brainstorming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warren, Rebecca; Hayes, Sherman; Gunter, Donna

    2001-01-01

    Describes a two-part segmentation technique applied to an instruction program for an academic library during a strategic planning process. Discusses a brainstorming technique used to create a list of existing and potential audiences, and then describes a follow-up review session that evaluated the past years' efforts. (Author/LRW)

  16. Instructional Supervision: A Descriptive Study Focusing on the Observation and Evaluation of Teachers in Cyberschools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farley, Gregory Charles

    2010-01-01

    Since 1996, K-12 schools are increasingly moving from a traditional, face-to-face educational environment to an online learning environment utilizing technologies to deliver instruction primarily via the Internet. As this trend continues, administrators familiar with traditional supervisory methods will observe and evaluate teachers of online…

  17. A Moderate Constructivist E-Learning Instructional Model Evaluated on Computer Specialists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alonso, Fernando; Manrique, Daniel; Vines, Jose M.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a novel instructional model for e-learning and an evaluation study to determine the effectiveness of this model for teaching Java language programming to information technology specialists working for the Spanish Public Administration. This is a general-purpose model that combines objectivist and constructivist learning…

  18. Sight Word Instruction for Students with Autism: An Evaluation of the Evidence Base

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spector, Janet E.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reviews the evidence on sight word instruction as a method of teaching students with autism and significant cognitive and verbal limitations to read printed words. Nine single-subject studies were rated using Reichow et al.'s ("J Autism Dev Disord" 38:1311-1319, 2008) evaluative method for identifying evidence-based practice, and…

  19. State Wide CODOFIL Program of French Instruction in the Elementary Grades, 1973-74, Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ghini, Costantino; And Others

    This report presents an evaluation of the Louisiana state-wide program of French instruction at the primary level during the academic year 1973-74. Aims of the program were to show that: (1) a second language learning program is feasible, educationally sound, and can fit within the existing educational program while utilizing the present staff;…

  20. Supplemental Literacy Instruction for Students with Down Syndrome: A Program Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Regan, Lisa Michelle

    2013-01-01

    The study utilizes an inductive, qualitative approach to program evaluation to understand the nature of an afterschool literacy tutoring program for students with Down syndrome. Two research questions guide this study: (a) What are the curricular and instructional elements of the Let's Read Now (LRN) literacy tutoring program for students…

  1. Individualized Bilingual Instruction. Final Evaluation: 1978-79 Program Year. No. 15 in Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McConnell, Beverly

    The 1978-79 evaluation report of an interstate bilingual early education program for migrant children from age 3 through third grade which operates year-round sites at Connell and Moses Lake, Washington and at La Grulla, Texas, presents a narrative program description and the progress made in each of five components: instruction, training,…

  2. An Evaluation of Interactive Satellite Television as a Delivery System for High School Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Bruce O.

    An evaluative questionnaire completed by 30 high school principals and 159 high school students who used the TI-IN Network demonstrated the advantages of interactive satellite television instruction for rural and small schools. The study found that a large number of subscribers to TI-IN were small rural high schools whose principals stated that…

  3. The View of Principals on Standards Based Evaluation Systems and Their Role as Instructional Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zoll, James Allen

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the implementation of standards based evaluation systems, specifically Georgia's Teacher Keys Effectiveness System, affects the principals' role of instructional leader. Using a modified Delphi study, principals from a large urban/suburban school system, gave feedback on three questions: how has their role changed; are they…

  4. Learner-Centered Instruction (LCI): Volume 7. Evaluation of the LCI Approach. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pieper, William J.; And Others

    An evaluation of the learner-centered instruction (LCI) approach to training was conducted by comparing the LCI F-111A weapons control systems mechanic/technician course with the conventional Air Force course for the same Air Force specialty code (AFSC) on the following dimensions; job performance of course graduates, man-hour and dollar costs of…

  5. Development and Evaluation of Computer Assisted Instruction for Navy Electronics Training. Two, Inductance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurlock, Richard E.

    A computer-assisted instruction (CAI) curriculum module covering the area of electrical inductance was developed and evaluated. This module was a part of a program in which a series of CAI modules are being developed and tested for a Navy training course in basic electronics. After the module was written, it was given three tryout tests.…

  6. Self-Paced Economics Instruction: A Large-Scale Disaggregated Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soper, John C.; Thorton, Richard M.

    1976-01-01

    This paper reports on an evaluation of the Sterling Institute self-paced macroeconomics course at Northern Illinois University. Results show that a completely self-paced teaching format for macroeconomics is inferior to a well-directed, concept-oriented, graduate-student instructed, lecture-discussion taught course. (Author/RM)

  7. Evaluation of an Innovative Approach to English Composition Instruction: Phases Two and Three.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burne, Kevin

    Phases two and three of an evaluation of an innovative approach to English Composition instruction at Long Beach City College are reported. In the innovative approach, each class was divided into two groups of 15 students each, which met twice each week to discuss topics for writing, to read and revise first drafts of papers, and to discuss basic…

  8. An Empirical Investigation of Student Evaluations of Instruction--The Relative Importance of Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nargundkar, Satish; Shrikhande, Milind

    2012-01-01

    We analyzed over 100,000 student evaluations of instruction over 4 years in the college of business at a major public university. We found that the original instrument that was validated about 20 years ago is still valid, with factor analysis showing that the six underlying dimensions used in the instrument remained relatively intact. Also, we…

  9. Evaluation of Instructional System Characteristics of the Professional Teacher Preparation Program at the University of Houston.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Wilford A.; Cooper, James M.

    Efforts to evaluate the extent to which twelve characteristics of the University of Houston's Professional Teacher Preparation Program (PTPP) had been implemented during the 1976-1977 academic year are described. The PTPP had been built on the assumption that an instructional system in teacher education would be more effective if it were…

  10. Evaluation of iTunes University Courses through Instructional Design Strategies and m-Learning Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tseng, Hung Wei; Tang, Yingqi; Morris, Betty

    2016-01-01

    As mobile learning technology promotes learning accessibility and flexibility, students benefit from social interactivity and connective learning process which will also foster students' performance and satisfaction on learning content. The primary purpose of this research was to evaluate iTunes U courses based on instructional design strategies…

  11. An Evaluation of Video Modeling with Embedded Instructions to Teach Implementation of Stimulus Preference Assessments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosales, Rocío; Gongola, Leah; Homlitas, Christa

    2015-01-01

    A multiple baseline design across participants was used to evaluate the effects of video modeling with embedded instructions on training teachers to implement 3 preference assessments. Each assessment was conducted with a confederate learner or a child with autism during generalization probes. All teachers met the predetermined mastery criterion,…

  12. An Empirical Investigation of Student Evaluations of Instruction--The Relative Importance of Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nargundkar, Satish; Shrikhande, Milind

    2012-01-01

    We analyzed over 100,000 student evaluations of instruction over 4 years in the college of business at a major public university. We found that the original instrument that was validated about 20 years ago is still valid, with factor analysis showing that the six underlying dimensions used in the instrument remained relatively intact. Also, we…

  13. Improving Course Evaluations to Improve Instruction and Complex Learning in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frick, Theodore W.; Chadha, Rajat; Watson, Carol; Zlatkovska, Emilija

    2010-01-01

    Recent research has touted the benefits of learner-centered instruction, problem-based learning, and a focus on complex learning. Instructors often struggle to put these goals into practice as well as to measure the effectiveness of these new teaching strategies in terms of mastery of course objectives. Enter the course evaluation, often a…

  14. Proceedings of Conference for the Evaluation of Instructional Materials (Washington, D.C., April 5-6, 1968).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Special Education Instructional Materials Center.

    Conference participants, who are members in the 14 federally funded Instructional Materials Centers and the Council for Exceptional Children-Educational Resources Information Center, present papers on instructional materials. George M. Olshin discusses the challenge and opportunity of evaluation, Richard A. Dershimer speaks on evaluation and…

  15. An Evaluation of Audio-Visual Slide/Tape Units and Teaching for Creativity in College General Chemistry Laboratory Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Brenda Wallace

    The major purposes of this study were to evaluate the effect of the use of slide/tape units as an instructional aid for the teaching of laboratory technique in the college general chemistry laboratory and to determine if special instruction in creativity would effect creativity in chemistry. The units were evaluated under three conditions of…

  16. Evaluation of Web-Based Interactive Instruction in Intraoral and Panoramic Radiographic Anatomy.

    PubMed

    Farkhondeh, Alireza; Geist, James R

    2015-07-01

    The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of Web-based interactive modules in the instruction of dental hygiene students on intraoral and panoramic radiographic landmarks. The experimental group studied these landmarks as presented on interactive Web-based modules instead of in classroom presentations. The control group (the previous year's class) received instruction in the traditional classroom format. The outcomes measures included quizzes, examinations and an in-class project. Independent samples t-tests compared the scores of the two groups. A survey was administered to the experimental group to determine their perceptions of instruction with the modules. There was no significant difference in scores between the two groups on the project (p = .926) or the intraoral quiz and exam scores (p = .1 22), but the experimental group scored significantly lower on the panoramic outcomes (p = .039). Only 26% of the students preferred computer-assisted instruction to classroom instruction. The narration and interactive quizzes in the intraoral module may have contributed to the similar performance of the experimental and control groups, while their absence may have adversely affected the effectiveness of the panoramic module. PMID:26292503

  17. Evidence of Halo Effects in Student Evaluations of Communication Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feeley, Thomas Hugh

    2002-01-01

    Notes that the halo effect is a construct reserved to explain individual rater's failure to discriminate among conceptually distinct aspects of a stimulus person's behavior. Examines instructor evaluations completed by 128 students from three communication courses. Finds significant inter-correlations among five measures indicating the presence of…

  18. Evaluating Preschool Children's Preferences for Motivational Systems during Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heal, Nicole A.; Hanley, Gregory P.

    2007-01-01

    Preschool teachers rely on several strategies for motivating children to participate in learning activities. In the current study, we evaluated the effectiveness of and preference for three teaching contexts in which embedded, sequential, or no programmed reinforcement was arranged. The embedded context included highly preferred teaching…

  19. Instructional Technology Professional Development Evaluation: Developing a High Quality Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaytan, Jorge A.; McEwen, Beryl C.

    2010-01-01

    Background: The literature contains very few studies that focused on evaluating the impact of professional development activities on student learning. And, many of these studies failed to determine whether the professional development activities met their primary goal--to improve the learning process. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use…

  20. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Tools for Online Database Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mery, Yvonne; DeFrain, Erica; Kline, Elizabeth; Sult, Leslie

    2014-01-01

    The intent of this study was to evaluate the Guide on the Side (Gots), an online learning tool developed by the University of Arizona Libraries, and a screencast tutorial for teaching information literacy and database searching skills. Ninety undergraduate students were randomly assigned into three groups: group 1 completed a GotS tutorial; group…

  1. Criteria for Evaluating and Selecting Multimedia Software for Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Sung Heum; And Others

    Evaluating and selecting the appropriate software is a very important component of success in using multimedia systems in both educational and corporate settings. Computer-mediated multimedia (CMM) is the integration of two or more communication media, controlled or manipulated by the user via a computer, to present information. CMM can be…

  2. Evaluating Texts for Graphical Literacy Instruction: The Graphic Rating Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Kathryn L.; Brugar, Kristy A.; Norman, Rebecca R.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we present the Graphical Rating Tool (GRT), which is designed to evaluate the graphical devices that are commonly found in content-area, non-fiction texts, in order to identify books that are well suited for teaching about those devices. We also present a "best of" list of science and social studies books, which includes…

  3. Evaluating Student Outcomes from Telecourse Instruction. A Feasibility Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shavelson, Richard J.; And Others

    In November 1984, the Rand Corporation was asked by the Annenberg/Corporation for Public Broadcasting (A/CPB) Project to conduct a study during the spring 1985 school semester on the feasibility of evaluating student outcomes from A/CPB telecourses. This report documents the findings of that study, which had three goals: (1) to examine alternative…

  4. Two Volunteer Programs for Instructing Adult Illiterates: An Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Unwin, Cynthia G.

    1989-01-01

    Compares two approaches to teaching reading to adults: the eclectic, research-based method of Literacy Volunteers of America (LVA) and the phonics-based Laubach Literacy International. Concludes that LVA has the advantages of adaptability to student differences, a thorough evaluation system, and a superior published reading series. (SK)

  5. Development and evaluation of an active instructional framework for undergraduate biology education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lysne, Steven John

    The practice of science education in American colleges and universities is changing and the role of faculty is changing as well. There is momentum in higher education to transform our instruction and do a better job at supporting more students' success in science and engineering programs. New teaching approaches are transforming undergraduate science instruction and new research demonstrates that these new approaches are more engaging for students, result in greater achievement, and create more positive attitudes toward science careers. Additionally, teaching scholars have described a paradigm shift toward placing the burden of content coverage on students which allows more time for in-class activities such as discussion and problem solving. Teaching faculty have been asked to redesign their courses and rebrand themselves as facilitators of student learning, rather than purveyors of information, to improve student engagement, achievement, and attitudes. This dissertation is a critical evaluation of both the assumption that active learning improves student achievement and knowledge retention and my own assumptions regarding science education research and my students' resiliency. This dissertation is a collection of research articles, published or in preparation, presenting the chronological development (Chapters 2 and 3) and evaluation (Chapters 4 and 5) of an active instructional model for undergraduate biology instruction. Chapters 1 and 6.provide a broad introduction and summary, respectively. Chapter 2 is an exploration of student engagement through interviews with a variety of students. From these interviews I identified several themes that students felt were important, and science instructors need to address, including the place where learning happens and strategies for better engaging students. Chapter 3 presents a review of the science education literature broadly and more focused review on the how students learn and how faculty teach. Consistent with what my student interviews suggested, I found that engaging students by way of innovative instructional approaches is a major theme in science education. I conclude by arguing for the development of collaborative learning communities and the use of cognitive apprenticeships in science classrooms. In Chapter 4 I presented the development and initial evaluation of an instructional framework for undergraduate biology classrooms. I found that student satisfaction as measured by end-of-course iv evaluations increased compared to my previous instructional model. I concluded that the instructional framework was efficacious and proceeded to evaluate the model in the context of knowledge acquisition and retention. Chapter 5 is the culmination of the work I conducted for the research presented in Chapters 2 through 4. In Chapter 5 I formally test the hypotheses that my instructional framework presented in Chapter 4 results in no greater knowledge acquisition or retention compared to a more traditional lecture model of instruction. I failed to reject these hypotheses which runs contrary to much published literature; the implications of my findings are discussed.

  6. An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Computer Assisted Instructional Program in Basic Literacy Skills in a County Jail.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diem, Richard A.; Fairweather, Peter G.

    This evaluation of the effectiveness of a computer assisted instructional program in basic literacy skills for inmates in a county jail covers the first year of the program. Instructional materials used were developed by Control Data Corporation for use on the PLATO system, and consisted of lessons in vocabulary, reading, spelling, arithmetic…

  7. Effects of alternative outcome scenarios and structured outcome evaluation on case-based ethics instruction.

    PubMed

    Peacock, Juandre; Harkrider, Lauren N; Bagdasarov, Zhanna; Connelly, Shane; Johnson, James F; Thiel, Chase E; Macdougall, Alexandra E; Mumford, Michael D; Devenport, Lynn D

    2013-09-01

    Case-based instruction has been regarded by many as a viable alternative to traditional lecture-based education and training. However, little is known about how case-based training techniques impact training effectiveness. This study examined the effects of two such techniques: (a) presentation of alternative outcome scenarios to a case, and (b) conducting a structured outcome evaluation. Consistent with the hypotheses, results indicate that presentation of alternative outcome scenarios reduced knowledge acquisition, reduced sensemaking and ethical decision-making strategy use, and reduced decision ethicality. Conducting a structured outcome evaluation had no impact on these outcomes. Results indicate that those who use case-based instruction should take care to use clear, less complex cases with only a singular outcome if they are seeking these types of outcomes. PMID:23065538

  8. Adapting a Multiple-Baseline Design Rationale for Evaluating Instructional Interventions: Implications for the Adoption of Direct Instruction Reading Curricula for Evidence-Based Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vitale, Michael R.; Kaniuka, Theodore S.

    2012-01-01

    Present national methodological standards for evaluating the credibility of the design of individual research studies have resulted in findings reporting the pre-­post effectiveness of Direct Instruction programs to be eliminated from consideration by educational leaders involved in making curricular decisions intended to advance local school…

  9. Measuring Spontaneous and Instructed Evaluation Processes during Web Search: Integrating Concurrent Thinking-Aloud Protocols and Eye-Tracking Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerjets, Peter; Kammerer, Yvonne; Werner, Benita

    2011-01-01

    Web searching for complex information requires to appropriately evaluating diverse sources of information. Information science studies identified different criteria applied by searchers to evaluate Web information. However, the explicit evaluation instructions used in these studies might have resulted in a distortion of spontaneous evaluation

  10. Evaluating Educational Resources for Inclusion in the Dig Texas Instructional Blueprints for Earth & Space Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jacobs, B. E.; Bohls-Graham, E.; Martinez, A. O.; Ellins, K. K.; Riggs, E. M.; Serpa, L. F.; Stocks, E.; Fox, S.; Kent, M.

    2014-12-01

    Today's instruction in Earth's systems requires thoughtful selection of curricula, and in turn, high quality learning activities that address modern Earth science. The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), which are intended to guide K-12 science instruction, further demand a discriminating selection process. The DIG (Diversity & Innovation in Geoscience) Texas Instructional Blueprints attempt to fulfill this practice by compiling vetted educational resources freely available online into units that are the building blocks of the blueprints. Each blueprint is composed of 9 three-week teaching units and serves as a scope and sequence for teaching a one-year Earth science course. In the earliest stages of the project, teams explored the Internet for classroom-worthy resources, including laboratory investigations, videos, visualizations, and readings, and submitted the educational resources deemed suitable for the project into the project's online review tool. Each team member evaluated the educational resources chosen by fellow team members according to a set of predetermined criteria that had been incorporated into the review tool. Resources rated as very good or excellent by all team members were submitted to the project PIs for approval. At this stage, approved resources became candidates for inclusion in the blueprint units. Team members tagged approved resources with descriptors for the type of resource and instructional strategy, and aligned these to the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Earth and Space Science and the Earth Science Literacy Principles. Each team then assembled and sequenced resources according to content strand, balancing the types of learning experiences within each unit. Once units were packaged, teams then considered how they addressed the NGSS and identified the relevant disciplinary core ideas, crosscutting concepts, and science and engineering practices. In addition to providing a brief overview of the project, this presentation will detail the intensive review process educators utilized to determine the viability of the resources included in the blueprints. A short summary of first-year implementation results will be shared, along with the second year now in progress.

  11. Evaluation of best practices in the design of online evidence-based practice instructional modules*

    PubMed Central

    Foster, Margaret J.; Shurtz, Suzanne; Pepper, Catherine

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: The research determined to what extent best practices are being followed by freely available online modules aimed at teaching critical thinking and evidence-based practices (EBPs) in health sciences fields. Methods: In phase I, an evaluation rubric was created after reviewing the literature. Individual rubric questions were assigned point values and grouped into sections, and the sections weighted. Phase II involved searching Internet platforms to locate online EBP modules, which were screened to determine if they met predetermined criteria for inclusion. Phase III comprised a first evaluation, in which two authors assessed each module, followed by a second evaluation of the top-scoring modules by five representatives from different health sciences units. Results: The rubric's 28 questions were categorized into 4 sections: content, design, interactivity, and usability. After retrieving 170 online modules and closely screening 91, 42 were in the first evaluation and 8 modules were in the second evaluation. Modules in the first evaluation earned, on average, 59% of available points; modules in the second earned an average of 68%. Both evaluations had a moderate level of inter-rater reliability. Conclusions: The rubric was effective and reliable in evaluating the modules. Most modules followed best practices for content and usability but not for design and interactivity. Implications: By systematically collecting and evaluating instructional modules, the authors found many potentially useful elements for module creation. Also, by reviewing the limitations of the evaluated modules, the authors were able to anticipate and plan ways to overcome potential issues in module design. PMID:24415917

  12. Measuring Spontaneous and Instructed Evaluation Processes during Web Search: Integrating Concurrent Thinking-Aloud Protocols and Eye-Tracking Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerjets, Peter; Kammerer, Yvonne; Werner, Benita

    2011-01-01

    Web searching for complex information requires to appropriately evaluating diverse sources of information. Information science studies identified different criteria applied by searchers to evaluate Web information. However, the explicit evaluation instructions used in these studies might have resulted in a distortion of spontaneous evaluation…

  13. Developing Oral Case Presentation Skills: Peer and Self-Evaluations as Instructional Tools

    PubMed Central

    Williams, Dustyn E.; Surakanti, Shravani

    2016-01-01

    Background: Oral case presentation is an essential skill in clinical practice that is decidedly varied and understudied in teaching curricula. Methods: We developed a curriculum to improve oral case presentation skills in medical students. Results: As part of an internal medicine clerkship, students receive instruction in the elements of a good oral case presentation and then present a real-world case in front of a video camera. Each student self-evaluates his/her presentation and receives evaluations from his/her peers. We expect peer and self-evaluation to be meaningful tools for developing skills in oral presentation. Conclusion: We hope to not only improve the quality of oral case presentations by students but also to reduce the time burden on faculty.

  14. Further evaluation of the high-probability instructional sequence with and without programmed reinforcement.

    PubMed

    Wilder, David A; Majdalany, Lina; Sturkie, Latasha; Smeltz, Lindsay

    2015-09-01

    In 2 experiments, we examined the effects of programmed reinforcement for compliance with high-probability (high-p) instructions on compliance with low-probability (low-p) instructions. In Experiment 1, we compared the high-p sequence with and without programmed reinforcement (i.e., edible items) for compliance with high-p instructions. Results showed that the high-p sequence increased compliance with low-p instructions only when compliance with high-p instructions was followed by reinforcement. In Experiment 2, we examined the role of reinforcer quality by delivering a lower quality reinforcer (praise) for compliance with high-p instructions. Results of Experiment 2 showed that the high-p sequence with lower quality reinforcement did not improve compliance with low-p instructions; the addition of a higher quality reinforcer (i.e., edible items) contingent on compliance with high-p instructions did increase compliance with low-p instructions. PMID:25998741

  15. Instructional Quality, Student Satisfaction, Student Success, and Student Evaluations of Faculty: What Are the Issues in Higher Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobsen, Michele

    This paper reviews issues in student satisfaction and evaluation of faculty as factors in determining instructional quality. It is based on a recent controversy at the University of Calgary (Alberta) which centered around the proposed publication of the results of student evaluations of faculty (SEFs) and was intended to help students, as…

  16. Evaluation of a Web-Based Master's Degree Program: Lessons Learned from an Online Instructional Design and Technology Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Ray; Liu, Shijuan; Watson, William; Bichelmeyer, Barbara

    2006-01-01

    Program evaluation is an important component of successful distance education programs. In this article, a distance master's Instructional Design and Technology Program is evaluated for overall quality. Interviews and a Web-based survey were the major instruments employed. Data was collected from three groups associated with the program:…

  17. Evaluation of a Self-Instruction Package for Conducting Stimulus Preference Assessments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graff, Richard B.; Karsten, Amanda M.

    2012-01-01

    Research suggests that inexperienced individuals cannot accurately implement stimulus preference assessments given written instructions alone. Training that includes written instructions supplemented with feedback from a professional with expertise in conducting preference assessments has proven effective; unfortunately, expert-facilitated direct…

  18. A Comparative Evaluation of Computer Based and Non-Computer Based Instructional Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emerson, Ian

    1988-01-01

    Compares the computer assisted instruction (CAI) tutorial with its non-computerized pedagogical roots: the Socratic Dialog with Skinner's Programmed Instruction. Tests the effectiveness of a CAI tutorial on diffusion and osmosis against four other interactive and non-interactive instructional strategies. Notes computer based strategies were…

  19. A Comparative Evaluation of Computer Based and Non-Computer Based Instructional Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emerson, Ian

    1988-01-01

    Compares the computer assisted instruction (CAI) tutorial with its non-computerized pedagogical roots: the Socratic Dialog with Skinner's Programmed Instruction. Tests the effectiveness of a CAI tutorial on diffusion and osmosis against four other interactive and non-interactive instructional strategies. Notes computer based strategies were…

  20. Development and Formative Evaluation of Multimedia Case Studies for Instructional Design and Technology Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sugar, William

    2014-01-01

    This study describes the development of three case studies that included a combination of multimedia production and instructional design skills within a particular setting. These case studies incorporated real-life incidents from 47 professional instructional designers. These instructional designers described a total of 146 activities involving…

  1. Development and Formative Evaluation of Multimedia Case Studies for Instructional Design and Technology Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sugar, William

    2014-01-01

    This study describes the development of three case studies that included a combination of multimedia production and instructional design skills within a particular setting. These case studies incorporated real-life incidents from 47 professional instructional designers. These instructional designers described a total of 146 activities involving…

  2. Evaluation of Instruction Using the Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism in Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zavala, Genaro; Alarcon, Hugo

    2008-10-01

    A modified version of the Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism (CSEM) is regularly administered to students at the beginning of the semester as a pretest and at the end of the semester as a post-test in a large private university in Mexico. About 500 students each semester, from different engineering majors, take electricity and magnetism in the introductory level, divided into sections of 30-40 students so there are several different instructors, both full-time and part-time. We report on the analysis of the CSEM data using concentration analysis for the purpose of evaluation of instruction. The results showed that students' learning varies with respect to instructor and to CSEM concept area. Students have large learning gains in some concept areas but small learning gains in others. Deeper analysis of a concept area showed that some instructors may tend to strengthen some misconceptions that students have. The analysis can be used to give feedback to instructors for the purpose of improving instruction.

  3. EVALUATION OF ETHICAL IN INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS OF BRAZILIAN SURGICAL JOURNALS

    PubMed Central

    TEIXEIRA, Renan Kleber Costa; YAMAKI, Vitor Nagai; PONTES, Ruy Victor Simőes; BRITO, Marcus Vinicius Henriques; da SILVA, José Antonio Cordero

    2015-01-01

    Background: The instructions to authors are the only means of communication between researchers and the editorial standards of a scientific journal. One of the mandatory items to be contained therein is about the ethical part, to prevent new research to carry out abuses with the enrolled on the research are published and stimulated. Aim: To verify the ethical questions on the guidelines of Brazilian surgical journals Method: Thirteen selected journals were divided into two groups: general surgery (n=3), and surgical specialty (n=10). The instructions to authors were analyzed by the quote of ethical requirements based on a specific research protocol, ranging from zero to six points. Results: The average score of the general surgery group was similar than that of the surgical specialty group (3.66±0.57 vs 3.30±1.15, p=0.6154). When each ethical requirement was compared between the groups, there was no significant difference between the ethical requirements (p<0.05). Conclusion: There was respect for most ethical questions evaluated, with no difference between the journals of general or specialty surgery. PMID:26734793

  4. An Evaluation of the High-Probability Instruction Sequence with and without Programmed Reinforcement for Compliance with High-Probability Instructions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zuluaga, Carlos A.; Normand, Matthew P.

    2008-01-01

    We assessed the effects of reinforcement and no reinforcement for compliance to high-probability (high-p) instructions on compliance to low-probability (low-p) instructions using a reversal design. For both participants, compliance with the low-p instruction increased only when compliance with high-p instructions was followed by reinforcement.…

  5. Effectiveness of occupation-based interventions to improve areas of occupation and social participation after stroke: an evidence-based review.

    PubMed

    Wolf, Timothy J; Chuh, Adrianna; Floyd, Tracy; McInnis, Karen; Williams, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    This evidence-based review examined the evidence supporting the use of occupation-based interventions to improve areas of occupation and social participation poststroke. A total of 39 studies met the inclusion criteria and were critically evaluated. Most of the literature targeted activity of daily living (ADL)-based interventions and collectively provided strong evidence for the use of occupation-based interventions to improve ADL performance. The evidence related to instrumental ADLs was much more disparate, with limited evidence to support the use of virtual reality interventions and emerging evidence to support driver education programs to improve occupational performance poststroke. Only 6 studies addressed leisure, social participation, or rest and sleep, with sufficient evidence to support only leisure-based interventions. The implications of this review for research, education, and practice in occupational therapy are also discussed. PMID:25553745

  6. Effectiveness of Occupation-Based Interventions to Improve Areas of Occupation and Social Participation After Stroke: An Evidence-Based Review

    PubMed Central

    Chuh, Adrianna; Floyd, Tracy; McInnis, Karen; Williams, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    This evidence-based review examined the evidence supporting the use of occupation-based interventions to improve areas of occupation and social participation poststroke. A total of 39 studies met the inclusion criteria and were critically evaluated. Most of the literature targeted activity of daily living (ADL)–based interventions and collectively provided strong evidence for the use of occupation-based interventions to improve ADL performance. The evidence related to instrumental ADLs was much more disparate, with limited evidence to support the use of virtual reality interventions and emerging evidence to support driver education programs to improve occupational performance poststroke. Only 6 studies addressed leisure, social participation, or rest and sleep, with sufficient evidence to support only leisure-based interventions. The implications of this review for research, education, and practice in occupational therapy are also discussed. PMID:25553745

  7. Optimization of Occupancy Based Demand Controlled Ventilation in Residences

    SciTech Connect

    Mortensen, Dorthe K.; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

    2011-05-01

    Although it has been used for many years in commercial buildings, the application of demand controlled ventilation in residences is limited. In this study we used occupant exposure to pollutants integrated over time (referred to as 'dose') as the metric to evaluate the effectiveness and air quality implications of demand controlled ventilation in residences. We looked at air quality for two situations. The first is that typically used in ventilation standards: the exposure over a long term. The second is to look at peak exposures that are associated with time variations in ventilation rates and pollutant generation. The pollutant generation had two components: a background rate associated with the building materials and furnishings and a second component related to occupants. The demand controlled ventilation system operated at a low airflow rate when the residence was unoccupied and at a high airflow rate when occupied. We used analytical solutions to the continuity equation to determine the ventilation effectiveness and the long-term chronic dose and peak acute exposure for a representative range of occupancy periods, pollutant generation rates and airflow rates. The results of the study showed that we can optimize the demand controlled airflow rates to reduce the quantity of air used for ventilation without introducing problematic acute conditions.

  8. Computer-Based Instruction: Instructional Design and Terminal Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamos, Joseph P.

    Within the context of a large computer-based instructional system (CBI), the Air Forces Advanced Instructional System, instructional needs and requirements are evaluated as determinants of computer terminal design. It is shown that traditional definitions and uses of computer managed instruction (CMI) and computer assisted instruction (CAI) must…

  9. A Self-Instructional Course in Student Financial Aid Administration. Module 17--Evaluation of Student Aid Management: Self-Evaluation, Audit, and Program Review. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Consulting Group, Inc., Washington, DC.

    The 17th module in the 17-module self-instructional course on student financial aid administration discusses the evaluation of student aid management in terms of self-evaluation, audit, and program review. The full course offers a systematic introduction to the management of federal financial aid programs authorized by Title IV of the Higher…

  10. The Effect of Instructional Objectives and General Objectives on Student Self-Evaluation of Psychomotor Performance in Power Mechanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Janeczko, Robert John

    The major purpose of this study was to ascertain the relative effects of student exposure to instructional objectives upon student self-evaluation of psychomotor activities in a college-level power mechanics course. A randomized posttest-only control group design was used with two different approaches to the statement of the objectives. Four…

  11. Understanding Acid-Base Concepts: Evaluating the Efficacy of a Senior High School Student-Centred Instructional Program in Indonesia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rahayu, Sri; Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Treagust, David F.; Kita, Masakazu; Ibnu, Suhadi

    2011-01-01

    This study was a mixed quantitative-qualitative research to evaluate the efficacy of a designed student-centred instructional (DSCI) program for teaching about acids and bases. The teaching innovation was designed based on constructivist, hands-on inquiry and context-based approaches and implemented in seven 45-min lessons with a class of 36 grade…

  12. Sampling and Analysis Instruction for Evaluation of Residual Chromium Contamination in the Subsurface Soil at 100-C-7

    SciTech Connect

    W. S. Thompson

    2007-02-15

    This sampling and analysis instruction (SAI) provides the requirements for sample collection and laboratory analysis to evaluate the extent of hexavalent chromium contamination present in the soil below the 100-C-7 and 100-C-7:1 remedial action waste site excavations.

  13. Visual Search Activity: A Tool for the Evaluation and Development of Computer-Assisted Reading Instructional Programs. Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO. Behavior Research Lab.

    Information on six research programs which studied eye movements during reading and evaluated aspects of PLATO-displayed reading instructional material is provided in this report. An analysis of eye movements of "competent" and "less competent" readers reading for general and detailed information showed many differences between them. One of the…

  14. DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF AUTO-INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS IN ARITHMETIC FOR THE EDUCABLE MENTALLY HANDICAPPED. FINAL REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HIGGINS, CONWELL; RUSCH, REUBEN R.

    THE PURPOSE OF THIS PROJECT WAS (1) TO DEVELOP EDUCATIONAL MEDIA FOR TEACHING EDUCABLE MENTALLY HANDICAPPED (EMH) CHILDREN ARITHMETIC CONCEPTS AND (2) TO EVALUATE THE DEVELOPED PROGRAMED INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS. DURING THE FIRST PHASE OF THE STUDY THE ACTIVITIES WERE DEVOTED TOWARD ACCOMPLISHING THE FIRST PURPOSE, DEVELOPING THE EQUIPMENT AND…

  15. Design, Development, and Evaluation of Visual Aids for Communicating Prescription Drug Instructions to Nonliterate Patients in Rural Cameroon.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ngoh, Lucy N.; Shepherd, Marvin D.

    1997-01-01

    Culturally sensitive visual aids designed to help convey drug information to nonliterate female adults requiring antibiotics were developed. Researchers conceptualized the messages, and a local artist produced the visual aids. Comprehension and compliance with prescription instructions were evaluated (N=78). Results and practical implications are…

  16. Design, Development, and Evaluation of Visual Aids for Communicating Prescription Drug Instructions to Nonliterate Patients in Rural Cameroon.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ngoh, Lucy N.; Shepherd, Marvin D.

    1997-01-01

    Culturally sensitive visual aids designed to help convey drug information to nonliterate female adults requiring antibiotics were developed. Researchers conceptualized the messages, and a local artist produced the visual aids. Comprehension and compliance with prescription instructions were evaluated (N=78). Results and practical implications are…

  17. Problems and Issues in Using Emerging Computer Technologies To Manage and Evaluate Instructional Programs 1, 2, 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atwood, Nancy K.

    School districts have begun examining the feasibility of, and in some cases are developing and implementing automated systems for, managing and evaluating instructional programs. This paper describes and analyzes the issues and problems that emerged over the course of three projects--a large suburban school in the West, a consortium of five small…

  18. Exploring Instructional Strategies to Develop Prospective Elementary Teachers' Children's Literature Book Evaluation Skills for Science, Ecology and Environmental Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hug, J. William

    2010-01-01

    This article is an auto-ethnographic account of the development of a children's literature book critique assignment by a science teacher educator sharing instructional dilemmas and pedagogical responses. Prospective elementary teachers enrolled in an elementary school science teaching methods course in the US selected and evaluated children's…

  19. Understanding Acid-Base Concepts: Evaluating the Efficacy of a Senior High School Student-Centred Instructional Program in Indonesia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rahayu, Sri; Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Treagust, David F.; Kita, Masakazu; Ibnu, Suhadi

    2011-01-01

    This study was a mixed quantitative-qualitative research to evaluate the efficacy of a designed student-centred instructional (DSCI) program for teaching about acids and bases. The teaching innovation was designed based on constructivist, hands-on inquiry and context-based approaches and implemented in seven 45-min lessons with a class of 36 grade…

  20. Evaluation of Title I ESEA Projects, 1971-1972. Volume III, Instructional Practices and Student Cognitive Performance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prusso, Kenneth W.; And Others

    In this volume, ESEA Title I projects related to instructional practices and student cognitive performance, carried out in Philadelphia during 1971-1972, are evaluated. The six projects in this cluster are: Class for Mentally Retarded/Emotionally Distrubed Children; English as a Second Language; Improvement of Reading Skills (Reading Skills…

  1. The Effect of the DISTAR Instructional System: An Evaluation of the 1972-1973 Title I Program of Winthrop, Massachusetts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaufman, Maurice

    This report describes comparative evaluations of the Distar I (first grade) and Distar II (second grade) programs which were carried out in 1972-1973. Results showed: (1) the Distar program for first grades had no conclusive advantage over traditional instruction for the development of oral language or reading achievement; and (2) second grade…

  2. Evaluation of the TICCIT Computer-Assisted Instructional System in the Community College. Final Report. Volume I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alderman, Donald L.

    An evaluation of TICCIT (Time-shared Interactive, Computer-controlled, Information Television) involved over 5,000 community college students in introductory algebra and English composition courses. Comparisons between computer-assisted instruction and lecture-discussion sections of the same courses focused on four aspects of student performance:…

  3. The Effect of Instructional Objectives and General Objectives on Student Self-Evaluation of Psychomotor Performance in Power Mechanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Janeczko, Robert John

    The major purpose of this study was to ascertain the relative effects of student exposure to instructional objectives upon student self-evaluation of psychomotor activities in a college-level power mechanics course. A randomized posttest-only control group design was used with two different approaches to the statement of the objectives. Four…

  4. Construction of a Self-Instructional Course for the Resources Management System. Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Navy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolakowski, David A.

    A self-instructional course to train cost center managers to work within the Resources Management System (RMS) was needed to implement this new system under the Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Navy appropriation. To develop this course a system approach was taken. The following characteristics resulted from the systems approach to the…

  5. EVALUATING THE EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS FOR SELECTED AREAS OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION. FINAL REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    COFFEY, JOHN L.; AND OTHERS

    THE TWO MAJOR PHASES OF THIS RESEARCH WERE (1) ANALYZING TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION TO IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE PRIMARY VOCATIONAL SKILLS, AND (2) DEVELOPING AND EVALUATING NINE SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL UNITS. THREE INSTRUMENTS WERE USED IN ANALYZING VOCATIONAL CONTENT SOURCES TO IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE GENERAL BEHAVIORS AS WELL AS TRADE-SPECIFIC…

  6. Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS) Mathematics Project 1985-1986 End of Year Report. OEA Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn. Office of Educational Assessment.

    This report describes the Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS), which includes a teacher-developed mathematics curriculum for kindergarten through grade seven, corresponding criterion-referenced tests, and a computerized test scoring and reporting management system. The evaluation focused on the five pilot districts in New York…

  7. Comprehensive Instructional Managmenent Systems-Communication Arts (CIMS-CA), 1988-89. Evaluation Section Report. OREA REport.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guerrero, Frank; And Others

    This report presents the results of the evaluation of the 1988-89 Comprehensive Instructional Management Systems-Communication Arts (CIMS-CA) program, which focused on developing a holistic communication arts curriculum and staff development program reflecting the most recent research for students in kindergarten through eighth grade;…

  8. Mathematics Instruction in IGE and Non-IGE Schools. Working Paper 317. Report from the IGE Evaluation Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romberg, Thomas A.; And Others

    This report summarizes the data from a comparative study of grades 2 and 5 mathematics instruction and the use of Developing Mathematical Processes (DMP) in IGE and non-IGE settings. These results are part of a five-phase evaluation of the IGE system of elementary schooling. Use of DMP and reported adoption of IGE were not found to be good…

  9. Individualizing Instruction for Physically Handicapped and Mentally Retarded Children in Special Schools. School Year 1974-1975. Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fryburg, Estelle L.

    Presented is an evaluation of a program providing physically handicapped and mentally retarded children (4-21 years old) in 19 special educational facilities in New York City with an intensive remedial program in reading and mathematics. The program, involving instruction by paraprofessionals of a minimum of 1/2 to 1 hour each week for a total of…

  10. To See and Be Seen: Exploring Layers of Instructional Leadership and Supervision in the Enactment of a District-Wide Teacher Evaluation Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neale, Jenifer

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation analyzes instructional leadership and evaluation protocols from a large, diverse district in the Southeastern United States in order to investigate layers of accountability and tensions created when principals are asked to fill the dual roles of both instructional leader and supervisor in a newly implemented teacher evaluation

  11. Summative Evaluation of Diagnostic and Prescriptive Reading Instruction K-6 Course, Spring, 1975. (Evaluation: DPRI 2).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bramble, William J.; And Others

    An inservice educational television course, which offered individualized experience in diagnosing specific reading problems and in locating remedial materials, was beamed by communication satellite to 286 elementary school teachers in the Appalachian region. Course evaluation concluded that: (1) participants demonstrated a significant gain in the…

  12. Using Gagne's 9 Events of Instruction to Enhance Student Performance and Course Evaluations in Undergraduate Nursing Course.

    PubMed

    Miner, Amy; Mallow, Jennifer; Theeke, Laurie; Barnes, Emily

    2015-01-01

    Teaching large numbers of students can be a challenge for both teachers and students. Implementing new teaching strategies may be 1 way to address the problem. This article presents the impact of using Gagne's 9 events of instruction on student learning and course evaluations over a 3-semester period. Student evaluations indicated enhanced teacher mastery, effectiveness, and enthusiasm. Overall student final grades increased. PMID:25628243

  13. An Evaluation of the Supplemental Instruction Programme in a First Year Calculus Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fayowski, V.; MacMillan, P. D.

    2008-01-01

    Supplemental Instruction (SI) incorporates collaborative learning in small, peer-led, group settings in order to integrate instruction in learning and reasoning skills with course content. Several meta-analyses speak to the efficacy of SI but fail to address selection bias due to ability/motivation and gender. In this study, SI was paired with a…

  14. Experimental Evaluation of Instructional Consultation Teams on Teacher Beliefs and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vu, Phuong; Shanahan, Katherine Bruckman; Rosenfield, Sylvia; Gravois, Todd; Koehler, Jessica; Kaiser, Lauren; Berger, Jill; Vaganek, Megan; Gottfredson, Gary D.; Nelson, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    Instructional Consultation Teams (IC Teams) are an early intervention service intended to support teachers in working with struggling students. This is a large-scale experimental trial investigating the effects of IC Teams on teacher efficacy, instructional practices, collaboration, and job satisfaction. Public elementary schools (N = 34) were…

  15. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Explicit Instruction on Implicit and Explicit L2 Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akakura, Motoko

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of explicit instruction on second language (L2) learners' implicit and explicit knowledge of English. Explicit instruction on the generic and non-generic use of English articles was delivered by CALL activities. Four tasks assessed acquisition: elicited imitation, oral production, grammaticality judgement, and…

  16. Direct Instruction in Reading in Special Education: Evaluation of an Innovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Sherry D.

    2010-01-01

    All children can learn. Each child learns in numerous ways and at a different pace. When children are given opportunity, appropriate foundation, support, and precise instruction, learning is enhanced and encouraged. This study investigated an instructional approach for teaching reading to elementary students who were determined to have a learning…

  17. Direct Instruction in Reading in Special Education: Evaluation of an Innovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Sherry D.

    2010-01-01

    All children can learn. Each child learns in numerous ways and at a different pace. When children are given opportunity, appropriate foundation, support, and precise instruction, learning is enhanced and encouraged. This study investigated an instructional approach for teaching reading to elementary students who were determined to have a learning…

  18. Applying Universal Instructional Design to Course Websites by Using Course Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Irene; Leslie, Donald; Kwan, Denise

    2012-01-01

    The authors explore their use of learner-centred teaching strategies and Universal Instructional Design (UID) on course websites. UID is based on universal design, the design of products and environments intended to be usable by all people to the greatest extent possible (Burgstahler & Cory, 2008). UID applies universal design to instructional

  19. Best methods for evaluating educational impact: a comparison of the efficacy of commonly used measures of library instruction

    PubMed Central

    Schilling, Katherine; Applegate, Rachel

    2012-01-01

    Objectives and Background: Libraries are increasingly called upon to demonstrate student learning outcomes and the tangible benefits of library educational programs. This study reviewed and compared the efficacy of traditionally used measures for assessing library instruction, examining the benefits and drawbacks of assessment measures and exploring the extent to which knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors actually paralleled demonstrated skill levels. Methods: An overview of recent literature on the evaluation of information literacy education addressed these questions: (1) What evaluation measures are commonly used for evaluating library instruction? (2) What are the pros and cons of popular evaluation measures? (3) What are the relationships between measures of skills versus measures of attitudes and behavior? Research outcomes were used to identify relationships between measures of attitudes, behaviors, and skills, which are typically gathered via attitudinal surveys, written skills tests, or graded exercises. Results and Conclusions: Results provide useful information about the efficacy of instructional evaluation methods, including showing significant disparities between attitudes, skills, and information usage behaviors. This information can be used by librarians to implement the most appropriate evaluation methods for measuring important variables that accurately demonstrate students' attitudes, behaviors, or skills. PMID:23133325

  20. AN EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF SEQUENCING, PRETESTING, AND ACTIVE STUDENT RESPONSE TO THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PROGRAMMED TV INSTRUCTION. STUDIES IN TELEVISED INSTRUCTION, REPORT 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GROPPER, GEORGE L.; LUMSDAINE, ARTHUR A.

    A SERIES OF EXPERIMENTS WAS CONDUCTED TO TEST THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TELEVISED INSTRUCTION. THIS STUDY, THE THIRD IN A SERIES, EXPLORED THE ROLE IN FIXED-PACE TELEVISION INSTRUCTION OF SOME OF THE TECHNIQUES AND PRACTICES EMPLOYED IN TEACHING-MACHINE INSTRUCTION. THREE SEPARATE EXPERIMENTS WERE CONDUCTED--(1) A JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LESSON ON NEWTON'S…

  1. AN EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF SEQUENCING, PRETESTING, AND ACTIVE STUDENT RESPONSE TO THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PROGRAMMED TV INSTRUCTION. STUDIES IN TELEVISED INSTRUCTION, REPORT 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GROPPER, GEORGE L.; LUMSDAINE, ARTHUR A.

    A SERIES OF EXPERIMENTS WAS CONDUCTED TO TEST THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TELEVISED INSTRUCTION. THIS STUDY, THE THIRD IN A SERIES, EXPLORED THE ROLE IN FIXED-PACE TELEVISION INSTRUCTION OF SOME OF THE TECHNIQUES AND PRACTICES EMPLOYED IN TEACHING-MACHINE INSTRUCTION. THREE SEPARATE EXPERIMENTS WERE CONDUCTED--(1) A JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LESSON ON NEWTON'S…

  2. Versuch Einer Einfachen Evaluation von Orientierungs-Veranstaltungen zur Bibliothekarischen Benutzerschulung. (A Simple Evaluation of Orientation Courses for Library User Instruction).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oberhauser, O.

    In order to evaluate its library instruction program, a postal survey was conducted of students who participated in library orientation courses at the Technische Universitaet Wien (Technical University of Vienna) in Austria during the winter term of 1982/83. The orientation courses consisted of a 1-hour lecture on use of the library and a library…

  3. Instructional Design: System Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ledford, Bruce R.; Sleeman, Phillip J.

    This book is intended as a source for those who desire to apply a coherent system of instructional design, thereby insuring accountability. Chapter 1 covers the instructional design process, including: instructional technology; the role of evaluation; goal setting; the psychology of teaching and learning; task analysis; operational objectives;…

  4. Commercial Carpentry: Instructional Units.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diehl, Donald W.; Penner, Wayman R.

    This manual contains instructional materials which measure student performance on commercial carpentry behavioral objectives; criterion-referenced evaluation instruments are also included. Each of the manual's eleven sections consists of one or more units of instruction. Each instructional unit includes behavioral objectives, suggested activities…

  5. Instructional Competence in Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bagford, Jack

    This booklet contains eight chapters related to instructional competence in reading:"The Setting for Instructional Competence,""Reading Readiness,""Word Recognition,""Comprehension,""Instructional Materials,""Classroom Diagnosis,""Approaches to Teaching," and "Evaluation." Among the topics discussed are: keeping current in reading, professional…

  6. To See and Be Seen: Exploring Layers of Instructional Leadership and Supervision in the Enactment of a District-Wide Teacher Evaluation Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neale, Jenifer

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation analyzes instructional leadership and evaluation protocols from a large, diverse district in the Southeastern United States in order to investigate layers of accountability and tensions created when principals are asked to fill the dual roles of both instructional leader and supervisor in a newly implemented teacher evaluation…

  7. Evaluation of the Effects of the Medium of Instruction on Science Learning of Hong Kong Secondary Students: Instructional Activities in Science Lessons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yip, Din-Yan; Coyle, Do; Tsang, Wing-Kwong

    2007-01-01

    This article reports part of the findings of a longitudinal study on the effects of a language policy implemented in 1998 on the science learning of junior secondary students. It focuses on the effects of the instructional medium on the instructional activities in science lessons. According to students' responses to a questionnaire, EMI (English…

  8. Evaluating Individual Students' Perceptions of Instructional Quality: An Investigation of their Factor Structure, Measurement Invariance, and Relations to Educational Outcomes.

    PubMed

    Scherer, Ronny; Nilsen, Trude; Jansen, Malte

    2016-01-01

    Students' perceptions of instructional quality are among the most important criteria for evaluating teaching effectiveness. The present study evaluates different latent variable modeling approaches (confirmatory factor analysis, exploratory structural equation modeling, and bifactor modeling), which are used to describe these individual perceptions with respect to their factor structure, measurement invariance, and the relations to selected educational outcomes (achievement, self-concept, and motivation in mathematics). On the basis of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 large-scale data sets of Australia, Canada, and the USA (N = 26,746 students), we find support for the distinction between three factors of individual students' perceptions and full measurement invariance across countries for all modeling approaches. In this regard, bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling outperformed alternative approaches with respect to model fit. Our findings reveal significant relations to the educational outcomes. This study synthesizes different modeling approaches of individual students' perceptions of instructional quality and provides insights into the nature of these perceptions from an individual differences perspective. Implications for the measurement and modeling of individually perceived instructional quality are discussed. PMID:26903917

  9. Evaluating Individual Students' Perceptions of Instructional Quality: An Investigation of their Factor Structure, Measurement Invariance, and Relations to Educational Outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Scherer, Ronny; Nilsen, Trude; Jansen, Malte

    2016-01-01

    Students' perceptions of instructional quality are among the most important criteria for evaluating teaching effectiveness. The present study evaluates different latent variable modeling approaches (confirmatory factor analysis, exploratory structural equation modeling, and bifactor modeling), which are used to describe these individual perceptions with respect to their factor structure, measurement invariance, and the relations to selected educational outcomes (achievement, self-concept, and motivation in mathematics). On the basis of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 large-scale data sets of Australia, Canada, and the USA (N = 26,746 students), we find support for the distinction between three factors of individual students' perceptions and full measurement invariance across countries for all modeling approaches. In this regard, bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling outperformed alternative approaches with respect to model fit. Our findings reveal significant relations to the educational outcomes. This study synthesizes different modeling approaches of individual students' perceptions of instructional quality and provides insights into the nature of these perceptions from an individual differences perspective. Implications for the measurement and modeling of individually perceived instructional quality are discussed. PMID:26903917

  10. Cooperative Learning Instructional Methods for CS1: Design, Implementation, and Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Leland; Chizhik, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    Cooperative learning is a well-known instructional technique that has been applied with a wide variety of subject matter and a broad spectrum of populations. This article briefly reviews the principles of cooperative learning, and describes how these principles were incorporated into a comprehensive set of cooperative learning activities for a CS1…

  11. Stimulus Approach Tendencies of Learners as a Factor in Instructional Materials Evaluation. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruha, John J.

    The purposes of this study were: (1) to validate capillary pulse pressure as an indicator of affective response, (2) to determine whether teachers and students respond similarly to instructional films, (3) to determine whether positive affective response yields greater cognitive learning, and (4) to determine whether capillary pulse pressure can…

  12. Evaluation of Computer-Aided Instruction in a Gross Anatomy Course: A Six-Year Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, John A.; Sonntag, Beth; Sinacore, James M.

    2009-01-01

    Web-based computer-aided instruction (CAI) has become increasingly important to medical curricula. This multi-year study investigated the effectiveness of CAI and the factors affecting level of individual use. Three CAI were tested that differed in specificity of applicability to the curriculum and in the level of student interaction with the CAI.…

  13. Computer Aided Instruction: A Study of Student Evaluations and Academic Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, David; Deck, Alan; McCrickard, Myra

    2008-01-01

    Computer aided instruction (CAI) encompasses a broad range of computer technologies that supplement the classroom learning environment and can dramatically increase a student's access to information. Criticism of CAI generally focuses on two issues: it lacks an adequate foundation in educational theory and the software is difficult to implement…

  14. Evaluation of Short Course Method of Instruction for Practicing Professionals in Engineering. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ingersoll, Alfred C.

    This study investigated alternative instructional delivery modes in two different short courses for professional engineers and scientists. Two math-oriented courses were taught to 130 participants. Each course was taught twice, once using the blackboard exclusively and once using extensive view graph projections (20 to 40 transparencies per…

  15. Building the Emotional Intelligence and Effective Functioning of Student Work Groups: Evaluation of an Instructional Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Christina Hamme

    2012-01-01

    Group-based learning is common practice in university classrooms. Despite the frequent student complaint of social loafing from teammates, methods for teaching students how to address teamwork issues are rarely incorporated into group assignments. Students are instructed on their final product, rather than their group process. In this article, an…

  16. A suggested Ten-Year Phased Program for Developing, Evaluating and Implementing Instructional Technologies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, James G.

    A national program is necessary to discover and implement the best ways to utilize educational technology. Several university centers for research and development on instructional technology could provide a basis for national initiative in this field. These centers should carry out basic research on systems theory, with emphasis on such fields as…

  17. Preschool Reading Instruction: A Literature Search, Evaluation, and Interpretation. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanton, William E.

    This report answers questions that parents are likely to ask about preschool reading instruction. It discusses the origins, curriculum change, new concepts of intelligence and the various teaching methods such as Montessori and the British Infant School. Unlike previous generations, today's child is exposed to visual and auditory stimulation, and…

  18. How Do We Know It Works? Evaluating the Effectiveness of Technology in Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Distance Education Report, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Describes Flashlight Online, a collaborative Web-based service for creating, administering, and analyzing surveys that help institutions examine the effectiveness of their uses of technology in instruction. Explains how Flashlight Online is being used at Washington State University by faculty for online surveys of their courses. (LRW)

  19. A Longitudinal Evaluation of Computer-Assisted Instruction on Contraception for College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reis, Janet; Tymchyshyn, Patricia

    1992-01-01

    Assessed changes in contraceptive knowledge of 58 white female undergraduate students following computer-assisted instruction program on contraception. At six-month follow-up, students evidenced knowledge gains on duration of pill use, rationale for triphasics and biphasics, appropriate contingencies for missing two days of pill, danger signs…

  20. An Examination of Kinesiology GTAs' Perceptions of an Instructional Development and Evaluation Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Jared A.

    2008-01-01

    Kinesiology graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) provide an invaluable role in carrying out the instructional mission of many universities and colleges. However, the last two decades have seen an increase in public criticism and concern concerning the manner in which GTAs are employed to teach higher education courses, the extent they are prepared…

  1. The Journalism Writing Course: Evaluation of Hybrid versus Online Grammar Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Jensen; Jones, Khristen

    2015-01-01

    This study examined introductory journalism writing courses and compared hybrid (part online/part classroom) versus online grammar instruction. The hybrid structure allowed for grammar topics to be taught online, with a pretest following, and then reviewing missed/difficult pretest concepts in class prior to a posttest. The quasi-experimental…

  2. Evaluation of Computer-Aided Instruction in a Gross Anatomy Course: A Six-Year Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, John A.; Sonntag, Beth; Sinacore, James M.

    2009-01-01

    Web-based computer-aided instruction (CAI) has become increasingly important to medical curricula. This multi-year study investigated the effectiveness of CAI and the factors affecting level of individual use. Three CAI were tested that differed in specificity of applicability to the curriculum and in the level of student interaction with the CAI.…

  3. Game Playing with a Bite! An Evaluative Simulation. Instructional Activities Series IA/S-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Robert G.

    This activity is one of a series of 17 teacher-developed instructional activities for geography at the secondary-grade level described in SO 009 140. This activity employs a simulation approach to investigate factors influencing industrial locations. Students design proposals intended to attract specific industries to specific cities. The flow…

  4. Development and Evaluation of a Standards-Based Approach to Instruction in General Chemistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagner, Eugene P.; DiBiase, Warren J.

    2001-01-01

    Describes Operation CHEM1251, an on-going project designed to implement a standards-based approach to instruction in the general chemistry curriculum at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. Results indicate that this is the first time in five years that any day-time first semester general chemistry course section scored significantly…

  5. An Evaluation of the Instructional Effectiveness of a Computer Lesson in Biomechanics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boysen, John P.; Francis, Peter R.

    1982-01-01

    One group of undergraduate students were taught a one-hour computerized lesson on free body diagram analysis, developed at Iowa State University for use with the PLATO system. Other students studied the same material using worksheets. Both methods appeared to be equally effective although the computer system offered some instructional advantages.…

  6. The Journalism Writing Course: Evaluation of Hybrid versus Online Grammar Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Jensen; Jones, Khristen

    2015-01-01

    This study examined introductory journalism writing courses and compared hybrid (part online/part classroom) versus online grammar instruction. The hybrid structure allowed for grammar topics to be taught online, with a pretest following, and then reviewing missed/difficult pretest concepts in class prior to a posttest. The quasi-experimental…

  7. Development and Evaluation of a Standards-Based Approach to Instruction in General Chemistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagner, Eugene P.; DiBiase, Warren J.

    2001-01-01

    Describes Operation CHEM1251, an on-going project designed to implement a standards-based approach to instruction in the general chemistry curriculum at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. Results indicate that this is the first time in five years that any day-time first semester general chemistry course section scored significantly…

  8. Outcome Based Teaching Strategies and Evaluation for Computer Instruction in Keyboarding on an Aboriginal Island Reserve.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraser, Jane

    Twenty-eight adult students and four adolescent students were interested in completing computer instruction in keyboarding in their own environment to gain skills and knowledge that would bring them up to date in the information age. The students who enrolled in the keyboarding course were assessed by timed writings, production applications, and…

  9. An Evaluation of Two Forms of Oral Reading as a Means of Intermediate Social Studies Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Charles H.

    A study examined the effects of "round robin reading" (RRR) as an instructional procedure in social studies. Specifically, the study asked whether an oral textbook presentation had a significant effect on learning social studies material and if grade level, reading level, social studies knowledge, and gender significantly affected the type of…

  10. Concept Mapping as a Research Tool to Evaluate Conceptual Change Related to Instructional Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Kevin J.; Koury, Kevin A.; Fitzgerald, Gail E.; Hollingsead, Candice; Mitchem, Katherine J.; Tsai, Hui-Hsien; Park, Meeaeng Ko

    2009-01-01

    Concept maps are commonly used in a variety of educational settings as a learning aid or instructional tool. Additionally, their potential as a research tool has been recognized. This article defines features of concept maps, describes the use of pre- and postconcept maps as a research tool, and offers a protocol for employing concept maps as an…

  11. Evaluation of an Instruction Program on Diabetes Diet by Means of a Teaching Machine

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teuscher, A.; Heidecker, Barbara

    1976-01-01

    A study of 119 diabetic patients, student nurses, social workers, dieticians, and medical students indicates that programmed self-teaching with feedback by multiple-choice questions is an efficient method of instruction of basic facts of nutrition for diabetes. It enables the physician to spend more time on the patient's personal problems.…

  12. Standards for Evaluation of Instructional Materials with Respect to Social Content. 1986 Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Curriculum Framework and Textbook Development Unit.

    The California Legislature recognized the significant place of instructional materials in the formation of a child's attitudes and beliefs when it adopted "Educational Code" sections 60040 through 60044. The "Education Code" sections referred to in this document are intended to help dispel negative stereotypes by emphasizing people in diverse,…

  13. Program-Fair Evaluation of Instructional Programs: Initial Results of the Kindergarten Reading Readiness Inquiry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanson, Ralph A.; And Others

    This report describes the construction and use of a conceptual framework and procedures for a program-fair, comparative, classroom-focused assessment of 4 kindergarten reading readiness (KRR) programs in kindergarten classes of 115 school districts. Instructional program information systems were developed to provide the means to aggregate and…

  14. THE DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION IN LANGUAGE FOR CHILDREN WITH AUDITORY DISORDERS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BIRCH, JACK W.; STUCKLESS, E. ROSS

    THE FEASIBILITY OF PROGRAMING WRITTEN LANGUAGE FOR THE INSTRUCTION OF DEAF CHILDREN WAS STUDIED. A PROGRAM WAS DEVELOPED AND PRESENTED TO A GROUP OF DEAF CHILDREN. A CONTROL GROUP WAS TAUGHT THE SAME LESSON CONTENT BY TEACHERS. DATA WERE PROCESSED BY A COMPUTER. THE TOTAL SCORE RELIABILITY OF THE LANGUAGE TESTS WAS DETERMINED BY THE APPLICATION OF…

  15. Computer Aided Instruction: A Study of Student Evaluations and Academic Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, David; Deck, Alan; McCrickard, Myra

    2008-01-01

    Computer aided instruction (CAI) encompasses a broad range of computer technologies that supplement the classroom learning environment and can dramatically increase a student's access to information. Criticism of CAI generally focuses on two issues: it lacks an adequate foundation in educational theory and the software is difficult to implement…

  16. Designing and Evaluating Research-Based Instructional Sequences for Introducing Magnetic Fields

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guisasola, Jenaro; Almudi, Jose Manuel; Ceberio, Mikel; Zubimendi, Jose Luis

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the didactic suitability of introducing a teaching sequence when teaching the concept of magnetic fields within introductory physics courses at the university level. This instructional sequence was designed taking into account students' common conceptions, an analysis of the course content, and the history of the development of…

  17. Using a Video Split-Screen Technique To Evaluate Streaming Instructional Videos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbs, William J.; Bernas, Ronan S.; McCann, Steven A.

    The Media Center at Eastern Illinois University developed and streamed on the Internet 26 short (one to five minutes) instructional videos about WebCT that illustrated specific functions, including logging-in, changing a password, and using chat. This study observed trainees using and reacting to selections of these videos. It set out to assess…

  18. Evaluating the Evidence Base for Cognitive Strategy Instruction and Mathematical Problem Solving

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montague, Marjorie; Dietz, Samantha

    2009-01-01

    This review considers both the content and methodologies of 5 single-subject and 2 group experimental design studies investigating the effects of cognitive strategy instruction on the mathematical problem solving of students with disabilities, using quality indicators proposed by Horner et al. (2005) and Gersten et al. (2005). Findings indicated…

  19. Comprehensive Instructional Management Systems, Communication Arts, 1984-85. Final Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn. Office of Educational Assessment.

    The New York City Board of Education's Comprehensive Instructional Management Systems-Communication Arts (CIMS-CA) project is described in this report. The introductory section provides background information on the project (implemented in 1980), the primary goal of which was to develop a holistic communication arts curriculum for kindergarten…

  20. Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS) Science 1988-89. Evaluation Section Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guerrero, Frank; And Others

    This report is designed to help teachers and supervisors in teaching the New York State Elementary Syllabus in kindergarten through grade two. The curriculum emphasized a hands-on inquiry approach, and included both science process skills and content objectives. This is a report of the Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS)-Science…

  1. Evaluating Writing Instruction through an Investigation of Students' Experiences of Learning through Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Robert A.; Taylor, Charlotte E.; Drury, Helen

    2005-01-01

    Learning through writing is a way of learning not only the appropriate written expression of disciplinary knowledge, but also the knowledge itself through reflection and revision. This study investigates the quality of a writing experience provided to university students in a first-year biology subject. The writing instruction methodology used is…

  2. Evaluating Video Models of Evidence-Based Instructional Practices to Enhance Teacher Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dieker, Lisa A.; Lane, Holly B.; Allsopp, David H.; O'Brien, Chris; Butler, Tyran Wright; Kyger, Maggie; Lovin, LouAnn; Fenty, Nicole S.

    2009-01-01

    A process was developed to create Web-based video models of effective instructional practices for use in teacher education settings. Three video models, created at three university sites, demonstrated exemplary implementation of specific, evidence-based strategies in reading, math, and science. Video models of strategies were field tested with…

  3. The evaluation of influences impacting the amount of science instructional time in elementary schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cowan, Michael Burke

    1999-10-01

    Many challenges face the modern elementary teacher in the implementation of quality science instruction. Time for instruction continues to be pressured by various factors, including district curriculum requirements, state-mandated special programs, and administration of a variety of assessment measures. This study investigates the influence of three factors influencing the amount of time teachers allocate for elementary science instruction in a large suburban school district in the southwest United States. This investigative study was designed to analyze the relationship between science instructional time with teacher perceived principal interest in science, teacher undergraduate and graduate science methods and content coursework, and teacher attitudes toward science and the teaching of science. The related literature review and political and cultural trends in the Mesa Unified School District #4, Mesa Arizona, provided the basis for comparing these forces. A two-part survey, consisting of 15 closed response items and 60 likert-like scaled response items, was administered to 430 elementary (kindergarten through sixth grade) teachers from a stratified random sample of 15 schools in the district. A descriptive and statistical analysis of the 95.0% return was analyzed using frequency response and statistical chi-square testing and ANOVA means. Results indicated that the majority of the studied population of elementary teachers were most influenced by their site administrator's interest in science, undergraduate methods courses, and graduate level science content courses when allotting instructional time for elementary science. Results of this investigation aligned with previous research and information discussed in the literature review indicating that suggesting dependence of the amount of instructional time allotted for science with the three variables addressed in this study. The school district's elementary science program analyzed in this study has received recognition and has institutionalized a hands-on science curriculum philosophy for nearly twenty-five years. The analyzed data provided quality quantitative data to enhance and improve that program. Further research recommendations focus on the communication of the importance of science instruction in the elementary program and the enhancement of professional development programs for both elementary teachers and their principals. Additional research conclusions and insights are necessary to support further program enhancement and strategic plans for the district's elementary science program.

  4. Facilitators of implementing occupation based practice among Iranian occupational therapists: A qualitative study

    PubMed Central

    Khayatzadeh Mahani, Mohammad; Hassani Mehraban, Afsoon; Kamali, Mohammad; Parvizy, Soroor

    2015-01-01

    Background: The Occupation-Based Practice (OBP) is a central core of occupational therapy (OT).It refers to using a meaningful occupation based on the client’s interests, needs, health and participation in daily life. This study aimed to explore the facilitators of implementing OBP among Iranian occupational therapists. Methods: Fourteen occupational therapists participated in this study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, and the sampling method was purposeful. The interviews were continued until data saturation was reached, and data were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed through qualitative content analysis using constant comparative analysis. Results: Our analysis explored two themes: Factors attributed to context, and factors attributed to therapists. The first theme consisted of three subthemes: Educational programs of OT department, public information about OBP and clinical setting compatible with OBP. The second theme also contained three subthemes including: Positive attitude regarding effectiveness of OBP, emphasis on client- centered and family- centered practice and convincing the clients to utilize OBP. Conclusion: The facilitators of implementing OBP are attributed to factors internal to the therapists as well as to issues in the external environment and context. Understanding these factors will help occupational therapists, OT educational staff, administrators and rehabilitation team members to facilitate the implementation of OBP. PMID:26913270

  5. Achieving Ecological Validity of Occupation-Based Interventions for Healthy Aging

    PubMed Central

    Orellano-Colón, Elsa M.; Varas-Díaz, Nelson; Bernal, Guillermo; Mountain, Gail A.

    2015-01-01

    Aim To develop a culturally sensitive occupation-based health promotion intervention for older Hispanic adults who live alone. Methods We used a mixed method design for the content validation of the intervention and the Ecological Validity Model (EVM) to culturally center the intervention. In the quantitative phase, aging experts as well as community members from two activity centers for the elderly in Puerto Rico completed a content validity ratio exercise. In the qualitative phase, we conducted three focus groups with these participants. Data analysis included content validity ratio and a directed content analysis. Results This resulted in a working version of the intervention protocol addressing the eight dimensions of the EVM. Conclusions The EVM can be used to culturally center preventive interventions to other ethnic minority groups to augment the external validity and cultural competence of interventions. Future research must test the feasibility of this new intervention. PMID:25632170

  6. Elegant Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luterbach, Kenneth J.

    2013-01-01

    This article describes a new form of instruction called elegant instruction. Generally speaking, educational technologists assert that instruction ought to be effective and efficient. Some educational technologists might add that instruction should also satisfy learners. Incorporating the standard requirements and going beyond satisfaction,…

  7. Elegant Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luterbach, Kenneth J.

    2013-01-01

    This article describes a new form of instruction called elegant instruction. Generally speaking, educational technologists assert that instruction ought to be effective and efficient. Some educational technologists might add that instruction should also satisfy learners. Incorporating the standard requirements and going beyond satisfaction,…

  8. Using Pre-test/Post-test Data To Evaluate the Effectiveness of Computer Aided Instruction (A Study of CAI and Its Use with Developmental Reading Students).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lansford, Carl E.

    As computer aided instruction (CAI) and distance learning become more popular, a model for easily evaluating these teaching methods must be developed, one which will enable replication of the study each year. This paper discusses the results of a study using existing dependent and independent variables to evaluate CAI for developmental reading…

  9. Evaluation of the TSC Dolphin Computer Assisted Instructional System in the Chapter 1 Program of the District of Columbia Public Schools. Final Report 85-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Carolyn DeMeyer; And Others

    Dolphin is a computer-assisted instruction system used to teach and reinforce skills in reading, language arts, and mathematics. An evaluation of this system was conducted to provide information to TSC Division of Houghton Mifflin regarding its effectiveness and possible modifications to the system. The general design of the evaluation was to…

  10. Evaluation of the TSC Dolphin Computer Assisted Instructional System in the Chapter 1 Program of the District of Columbia Public Schools. Final Report 85-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Carolyn DeMeyer; And Others

    Dolphin is a computer-assisted instruction system used to teach and reinforce skills in reading, language arts, and mathematics. An evaluation of this system was conducted to provide information to TSC Division of Houghton Mifflin regarding its effectiveness and possible modifications to the system. The general design of the evaluation was to…

  11. A potential pathway to the relapse of fear? Conditioned negative stimulus evaluation (but not physiological responding) resists instructed extinction.

    PubMed

    Luck, Camilla C; Lipp, Ottmar V

    2015-03-01

    Relapse of fear after successful intervention is a major problem in clinical practice. However, little is known about how it is mediated. The current study investigated the effects of instructed extinction and removal of the shock electrode on electrodermal responding (Experiment 1), fear potentiated startle (Experiment 2), and a continuous self-report measure of conditional stimulus valence (Experiments 1 and 2) in human differential fear conditioning. Instructed extinction and removal of the shock electrode resulted in the immediate reduction of differential fear potentiated startle and second interval electrodermal responding, but did not affect self-reported conditional stimulus valence. A separate sample of participants (Experiment 3) who were provided with a detailed description of the experimental scenario predicted the inverse outcome, reduced differential stimulus evaluations and continued differential physiological responding, rendering it unlikely that the current results reflect on demand characteristics. These results suggest that the negative valence acquired during fear conditioning is less sensitive to cognitive interventions than are the physiological indices of human fear learning and that valence reduction requires extended exposure training. Persisting negative valence after cognitive intervention may contribute to fear relapse after successful treatment. PMID:25658973

  12. A Humanistic Approach to Evaluation of Community College Non-Instructional Personnel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wesolowski, Zdzislaw P.

    To fulfill the need to develop a system of performance evaluation of noninstructional personnel which would serve as a guide for personnel development as well as a measure of performance, an evaluation systems model was constructed. This project necessitated a study of the existing noninstructional personnel evaluation systems at all four- and…

  13. Focusing, Situating, and Grounding Micro-Level Evaluation Field Experiences: An Instructional Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skolits, Gary J.; Woodard, Thelma; Morrow, Jennifer Ann; Kaesbauer, Susanne

    2012-01-01

    Evaluator training field experiences seek to reinforce applicable content knowledge and promote applied skills. For students, even a small-scale field experience focusing on limited components of a larger evaluation process can seem particularly challenging. Students often do not recognize the relevance of established evaluation resources capable…

  14. Introducing a New Concept Inventory on Climate Change to Support Undergraduate Instruction, Teacher Education, Education Research, and Project Evaluation (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morrow, C. A.; Monsaas, J.; Katzenberger, J.; Afolabi, C. Y.

    2013-12-01

    The Concept Inventory on Climate Change (CICC) is a new research-based, multiple-choice 'test' that provides a powerful new assessment tool for undergraduate instructors, teacher educators, education researchers, and project evaluators. This presentation will describe the features and the development process of the (CICC). This includes insights about how the development team (co-authors) integrated and augmented their multi-disciplinary expertise. The CICC has been developed in the context of a popular introductory undergraduate weather and climate course at a southeastern research university (N~400-500 per semester). The CICC is not a test for a grade, but is intended to be a useful measure of how well a given teaching and learning experience has succeeded in improving understanding about climate change and related climate concepts. The science content addressed by the CICC is rooted in the national consensus document, 'Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Science'. The CICC has been designed to support undergraduate instruction, and may be valuable in comparable contexts that teach about climate change. CICC results can help to inform decisions about the effectiveness of teaching strategies by 1) flagging conceptual issues (PRE-instruction); and 2) detecting conceptual change (POST-instruction). Specific CICC items and their answer choices are informed by the research literature on common misunderstandings about climate and climate change. Each CICC item is rated on a 3-tier scale of the cognitive sophistication the item is calling for, and there is a balance among all three tiers across the full instrument. The CICC development process has involved data-driven changes to successive versions. Data sources have included item statistics from the administration of progressively evolved versions of the CICC in the weather and climate course, group interviews with students, and expert review by climate scientists, educators, and project evaluators based primarily in the US and Canada. The development team provided an exceptionally well integrated, multi-disciplinary expertise in climate science, climate education, education research, and psychometrics. The valuable integration of the team's expertise was driven by: 1) the prior interdisciplinary inclinations of key team members, which made it natural to openly inquire and learn across boundaries of expertise; and 2) the willingness of key team members to become respectful teachers of essential knowledge to other team members. These qualities, in combination with reviewer contributions, have brought the leading edges of natural and social science research together to produce the CICC. This work has been partially supported by a NASA award to the Georgia State University Research Foundation (NNX09AL69G).

  15. Instructional Development for Clinical Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cranton, P. A.

    Clinical teaching involves instruction in a natural health-related environment which allows students to observe and participate in the actual practice of the profession. The use of objectives, the sequence of instruction, the instructional methods and materials, and the evaluation of student performance constitute the components studied in…

  16. Field-Testing Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winn, Bill

    This study examines simple techniques for field testing instructional materials, and is intended for the educational practitioner who is not trained in instructional development procedures and does not have the time or money for elaborate evaluation procedures. Described are critera for field testing instructional effectiveness, procedures for…

  17. Ranking occupations based upon the costs of job-related injuries and diseases.

    PubMed

    Leigh, J P; Miller, T R

    1997-12-01

    In this article, we construct a ranking of occupations based upon the costs of job-related injuries and illnesses. Data are drawn from large nationally representative Bureau of Labor (BLS) data sets. Information is obtained on occupation and workers' compensation (WC) category of the injury or illness, which are then matched to information on costs. Six broad occupations and 413 specific (3-digit) occupations are ranked by total costs. Six broad and 223 specific occupations are ranked by costs per worker (average cost). Operators and laborers is the broad occupation category that contributes both the highest total and average cost. Specific occupations that contributed the most to total costs include heavy truck drivers, non-construction laborers, machine operators (not specified), occupations not classified, janitors, nursing orderlies, construction laborers, assemblers, retail sales workers (not elsewhere specified), miscellaneous machine operators, and carpenters. Occupations high on the average cost list include not-specified mechanics, general and construction laborers, press apprentices, welders, stone cutters, and warehouse workers. Although the BLS data are limited, they can be used to provide a preliminary look at which occupations are contributing the most and the least to the overall economic costs of occupational injuries and illnesses. PMID:9429169

  18. Occupancy-Based Energy Management in Buildings: Final Report to Sponsors

    SciTech Connect

    Sohn, Michael D.; Black, Douglas R.; Price, Phillip N.; Lin, Yiqing; Brahme, Rohini; Surana, Amit; Narayanan, Satish; Cerpa, Alberto; Ericson, Varick; Kamthe, Ankur

    2010-07-01

    The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), the University of California Merced (UCM), and the United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) conducted field studies and modeling analyses in the Classroom and Office Building (COB) and the Science and Engineering Building (S&E) at the University of California, Merced. In the first year, of a planned multiyear project, our goal was to study the feasibility and efficacy of occupancy-based energy management. The first-year research goals were twofold. The first was to explore the likely energy savings if we know the number and location of building occupants in a typical commercial building. The second was to model and estimate people movement in a building. Our findings suggest that a 10-14percent reduction in HVAC energy consumption is possible over typical HVAC operating conditions when we know occupancy throughout the building. With the conclusion of the first-year tasks, we plan to review these results further before this group pursues follow-on funding.

  19. "Who Has Time for This?" Negotiating Roles in Instructional Supervision and Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Chris; Ingle, W. Kyle

    2015-01-01

    This case examines how school leaders manage the increased demands of a new state-mandated teacher evaluation process. Subject to negotiations, districts and their local teacher unions can allow for teachers to be credentialed and serve as evaluators within their own schools. The challenge is examined through both the opportunity costs of this new…

  20. The Evaluation of Educational Goals, Instructional Procedures and Outcomes or The Iceman Cometh.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scriven, Michael

    A model checklist conceptualizing the evaluation process is presented and discussed. It is quite general and is intended to apply to the evaluation of educational products, procedures and most outcomes. The Pathway Comparison Model consists of the following: (1) characterization--how generally or specifically to describe the "treatment"; (2)…

  1. Improving Instruction through Effective Teacher Evaluation: Options for States and Districts. TQ Research & Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathers, Carrie; Oliva, Michelle

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this Research and Policy Brief is to provide state and local policymakers with a comprehensive understanding of the measures used in teacher evaluation--their strengths, limitations, and current use in policy and practice. This brief will underscore aspects of evaluation policies currently aligned with best practices as well as…

  2. Course Evaluation by Students: The Relationship of Instructional Characteristics to Overall Course Quality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Althouse, Linda Akel; Stritter, Frank T.; Strong, Douglas E.; Mattern, William B.

    Student ratings of teaching effectiveness and course quality are widely used to evaluate most university courses. This study investigated the relationship of medical students' ratings of basic science course characteristics to their overall evaluation of these courses. Whether the relationship was similar across basic science courses, and whether…

  3. "Who Has Time for This?" Negotiating Roles in Instructional Supervision and Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Chris; Ingle, W. Kyle

    2015-01-01

    This case examines how school leaders manage the increased demands of a new state-mandated teacher evaluation process. Subject to negotiations, districts and their local teacher unions can allow for teachers to be credentialed and serve as evaluators within their own schools. The challenge is examined through both the opportunity costs of this new…

  4. Using a Logic Model to Evaluate Undergraduate Instruction in a Laboratory Preschool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monroe, Lisa; Horm, Diane M.

    2012-01-01

    Research Findings: Utilization-focused, process evaluations of university-based laboratory preschools in their role with teacher preparation programs are rare in the current literature. This paper describes a self-study evaluation designed and implemented at a university laboratory preschool. A theory approach logic model was developed and used to…

  5. Integrating Curriculum, Instruction, Assessment, and Evaluation in a Technology-Supported Genetics Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hickey, Daniel T.; Kindfield, Ann C. H.; Horwitz, Paul; Christie, Mary Ann T.

    2003-01-01

    This article describes an extended collaboration between a development team and an evaluation team working with GenScope, an open-ended exploratory software tool. In some respects, this was a routine evaluation, documenting substantial gains (of roughly 1 SD) in genetics reasoning ability in all but 1 of 17 classes, despite challenges presented by…

  6. A Comparative Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) versus Class Room Lecture (RL) for Computer Science at ICS Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kausar, Tayyaba; Choudhry, Bushra Naoreen; Gujjar, Aijaz Ahmed

    2008-01-01

    This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of CAI vs. classroom lecture for computer science at ICS level. The objectives were to compare the learning effects of two groups with class room lecture and computer assisted instruction studying the same curriculum and the effects of CAI and CRL in terms of cognitive development. Hypothesis of…

  7. Bread and Butterflies: Evaluation of the IEBN-DPI [Iowa Educational Broadcasting Network--Department of Public Instruction] 1974-75 Inservice Training Workshops.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolvek, Joseph

    The document presents a discussion and evaluation of the training workshop program developed by the Iowa Educational Broadcasting Network and the Iowa State Department of Public Instruction to help teachers incorporate the Bread and Butterflies television series on career development into fourth, fifth, and sixth grade curricula. The Bread and…

  8. Exploring Instructional Coaches' Attitudes and Use of the DataCapture Mobile Application to Collect Video-Based Evidence in Teacher Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shewell, Justin Reed

    2013-01-01

    An integral part of teacher development are teacher observations. Many teachers are observed once or twice a year to evaluate their performance and hold them accountable for meeting standards. Instructional coaches, however, observe and work with teachers to help them reflect on their performance, with the goal of improving their practice.…

  9. Escape-Maintained Problem Behavior in a Child with Autism: Antecedent Functional Analysis and Intervention Evaluation of Noncontingent Escape and Instructional Fading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Laura R.; Luiselli, James K.

    2007-01-01

    A functional analysis with a 13-year-old girl who had autism documented that her problem behavior was maintained by escape from instruction. Additional assessment revealed that certain types of requests and specific practitioners were associated with the highest frequency of problem behavior. In a subsequent intervention evaluation, response…

  10. Exploring Instructional Coaches' Attitudes and Use of the DataCapture Mobile Application to Collect Video-Based Evidence in Teacher Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shewell, Justin Reed

    2013-01-01

    An integral part of teacher development are teacher observations. Many teachers are observed once or twice a year to evaluate their performance and hold them accountable for meeting standards. Instructional coaches, however, observe and work with teachers to help them reflect on their performance, with the goal of improving their practice.…

  11. Attitude of Academic Staff in Nigerian Tertiary Educational Institutions to Student Evaluation of Instruction (SEI): A Case Study of Cross River State University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Idaka, Idaka I.; Joshua, Monday T.

    2009-01-01

    This study was designed to assess the attitude of academic staff in Nigerian tertiary educational institutions to student evaluation of instruction (SEI) and to find out the variable factors that influenced the expressed attitude of members of the academic staff, using Cross River State University as a case study. The study was a survey and so a…

  12. The Attitudes of Middle School Principals towards Annual Testing, Highly Qualified Teachers, Teacher Evaluation Processes, Criterion for High Quality Teaching, and Their Role as Instructional Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dupree, Jeffrey J.

    2009-01-01

    This study took place on Long Island, New York. Through an ethnographic approach, the beliefs of middle school principals regarding No Child Left Behind testing, highly qualified teachers, teacher evaluation, quality teaching, and instructional leadership were investigated. Eight principals, of differing gender and experience levels and serving in…

  13. The Development and Evaluation of a Teleprocessed Computer-Assisted Instruction Course in the Recognition of Malarial Parasites. Final Report; May 1, 1967 - June 30, 1968.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitzel, Harold E.

    A computer-assisted instruction course in the recognition of malarial parasites was developed and evaluated. The course includes stage discrimination, species discrimination, and case histories. Segments developed use COURSEWRITER as an author language and are presented via a display terminal that permits two-way communication with an IBM computer…

  14. Using a Bridging Representation and Social Interactions to Foster Conceptual Change: Designing and Evaluating an Instructional Sequence for Newton's Third Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savinainen, Antti; Scott, Philip; Viiri, Jouni

    2005-01-01

    This paper offers an account of, and findings from, an approach to designing and evaluating an instructional sequence set in the context of Newton's third law. The design of the sequence draws upon conceptual change theory and the concept of the "bridging analog" is extended to introduce the notion of a "bridging representation" Attention is also…

  15. An Evaluation of a High-Probability Instructional Sequence to Increase Acceptance of Food and Decrease Inappropriate Behavior in Children with Pediatric Feeding Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patel, Meeta R.; Reed, Gregory K.; Piazza, Cathleen C.; Bachmeyer, Melainie H.; Layer, Stacy A.; Pabico, Ryan S.

    2006-01-01

    We evaluated the effects of escape extinction with and without a high-probability (high-p) instructional sequence on food acceptance and inappropriate behavior for children diagnosed with feeding problems. The high-p sequence consisted of three presentations of a response that was similar topographically (i.e., presentations of an empty nuk[R],…

  16. The Asian and Arabic Mediated Enrichment Resource and Instructional Career Awareness Program (Project AMERICA). Transitional Bilingual Education, 1991-92. Final Evaluation Profile. OREA Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Andrew

    An evaluation was conducted of the second year of a 2-year renewal program at two high schools in Brooklyn (New York City), the Asian and Arabic Mediated Enrichment Resource and Instructional Career Awareness Program (Project AMERICA), originally designed to ease the transition of Arabic and Chinese-speaking immigrant students to life in America,…

  17. Evaluation of an Intervention Instructional Program to Facilitate Understanding of Basic Particle Concepts among Students Enrolled in Several Levels of Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Treagust, David F.; Chandrasegaran, A. L.; Zain, Ahmad N. M.; Ong, Eng Tek; Karpudewan, Mageswary; Halim, Lilia

    2011-01-01

    The efficacy of an intervention instructional program was evaluated to facilitate understanding of particle theory concepts among students (N = 190) using a diagnostic instrument consisting of eleven two-tier multiple-choice items in a pre-test--post-test design. The students involved were high school students, undergraduates and postgraduates…

  18. Evaluating Three Programs Using a School Effectiveness Model: Direct Instruction, Target Teach, and Class Size Reduction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Bruce

    2006-01-01

    Value-added models, which rate schools for effectiveness while taking into account the poverty and other socioeconomic status of the students, are generating increased interest. This paper describes the use of one such model to evaluate whether school ratings changed when three new programs were introduced: the "Target Teach" curriculum alignment,…

  19. Evaluation of Mobile Learning: Current Research and Implications for Instructional Designers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levene, Jessica; Seabury, Holli

    2014-01-01

    As mobile devices infiltrate our personal lives, they also are becoming increasingly embedded in formal educational environments. The emergence of laptops, tablets, and smartphones has diversified access to hardware and software for anytime/anywhere access. This influences learning theories and evaluation methodologies specifically aligned to…

  20. Using Art Elicitation to Deliver and Evaluate a Grade 4 Climate Change Instructional Module

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Jillian; Loxton, Jason; Sherren, Kate

    2013-01-01

    We report the results of a climate change module delivered to 48 Grade 3/4 students in Nova Scotia, Canada. We tested for prior knowledge and evaluated interventional effectiveness using art elicitation. Common climate change misconceptions were demonstrated in their preintervention artwork, while postintervention artwork showed improved…

  1. An Inservice Program for Elementary Teachers: Components, Instructional Procedures, and Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horak, Willis J.; And Others

    A description and evaluation of a year-long science in-service program for elementary teachers is provided. Consisting of three components, the program was designed to expand teachers' understandings of physics and chemistry concepts and processes and to encourage more science teaching and science activities in their classrooms. The on-campus…

  2. Using Art Elicitation to Deliver and Evaluate a Grade 4 Climate Change Instructional Module

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Jillian; Loxton, Jason; Sherren, Kate

    2013-01-01

    We report the results of a climate change module delivered to 48 Grade 3/4 students in Nova Scotia, Canada. We tested for prior knowledge and evaluated interventional effectiveness using art elicitation. Common climate change misconceptions were demonstrated in their preintervention artwork, while postintervention artwork showed improved…

  3. Evaluation of Mobile Learning: Current Research and Implications for Instructional Designers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levene, Jessica; Seabury, Holli

    2014-01-01

    As mobile devices infiltrate our personal lives, they also are becoming increasingly embedded in formal educational environments. The emergence of laptops, tablets, and smartphones has diversified access to hardware and software for anytime/anywhere access. This influences learning theories and evaluation methodologies specifically aligned to…

  4. The Use of Affective Assessment to Plan and Evaluate Instructional Changes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holland, Jan Carlton; Vann, William F., Jr.

    1983-01-01

    A dental school's experience using data on student attitudes toward a restorative dentistry laboratory course and an experiment conducted during the course to make curricular and methodological changes, and subsequently evaluate those changes, is described. The questionnaire used and response tabulations are included. (MSE)

  5. A Case Study of the Use of Evaluative Data in Instructional Planning and Decision Making.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Joe B.

    The purpose of this case study was to provide the Portland Public Schools' Research and Evaluation Department with information to guide the development of improved data collection, reporting, and information delivery systems in order to target these systems to more effectively meet the decision-making needs of teachers, principals, parents and…

  6. A Preliminary Evaluation of Instructional Effectiveness of Online Training Implemented at a Government Agency in Thailand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Supanakorn-Davila, Supawan; Bolliger, Doris U.

    2012-01-01

    Online training has become popular in the professional development of government employees in Thailand. One large government agency developed an online program to provide training to its employees across the country using two systems: an Internet and Intranet-based system. With the new program implemented, the evaluation of the instructional…

  7. Evaluation of Two Instruction Methods to Increase Employment Options for Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Raymond V.; Andersen, Melissa N.; Bowen, Scott L.; Howard, Monica R.; Allen, Keith D.

    2010-01-01

    We evaluated the efficacy of a vocational training program including behavioral skills training, and a "performance cue system" (i.e., a proprietary iPhone application adapted for the study) to teach targeted social-vocational skills to six young adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. In two separate studies, participants were employed to assist…

  8. Evaluating Safety Conditions at Training Sites. Self-Paced Instructional Module. Module Number VII-B.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Sylvester; Brooks, Kent

    One of 33 self-paced industry services leadership development (ISLD) modules, this module contains three sequential learning activities on evaluating safety conditions at training sites. (The industry services program for which these materials were developed would involve provision of job training by public agencies for new or expanding private…

  9. A Continuous Community Pharmacy Practice Experience: Design and Evaluation of Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Selby Greer; And Others

    1996-01-01

    A two-year community pharmacy clinical experience using self-directed learning modules is described and evaluated. The modules were designed to stimulate interest in community pharmacy, motivate learning by demonstrating applicability of didactic work to contemporary practice, develop communication and psychosocial skills, and promote…

  10. What Is the Purpose of the Theses Addressing the Issue of Program Evaluation in Turkey? (The Case of Curriculum and Instruction: 1997-2015)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alkin-Sahin, Senar; Tunca, Nihal

    2016-01-01

    In the current study, the aim is to investigate the theses addressing the issue of program evaluation in the field of Curriculum and Instruction (C&I) in 1997-2015. The study employed the survey model. The universe of the study consists of totally 87 theses addressing the issue of program evaluation in the field of C&I in 1997-2015. As the…

  11. Asian and Arabic Mediated Enrichment Resource and Instructional Career Awareness. Project Amreica 1988-89. OREA Evaluation Section Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berney, Tomi D.; Hriskos, Constantine

    Project America provided supplemental instruction in English as a Second Language (ESL); Native Language Arts (NLA); and bilingual instruction in the subjects of mathematics, science, and social studies. The project also provided support services to encourage pride in, and respect for, both ethnic heritage and the American culture. The project…

  12. Comparing Apples to Oranges: An Evaluation of Quarter Calendar Data in the Delaware Study of Instructional Costs and Productivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walters, Allison M.

    2009-01-01

    Four-year colleges and universities submit faculty teaching load and instructional cost data annually to the Delaware Study of Instructional Costs and Productivity. While the Delaware Study currently adjusts the calculation of annual FTE students to account for the difference in annual student credit hours (SCH) earned by students at semester and…

  13. Instructional Practices and Student Math Achievement: Correlations from a Study of Math Curricula. NCEE Evaluation Brief. NCEE 2013-4020

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clements, Douglas H.; Agodini, Roberto; Harris, Barbara

    2013-01-01

    This brief is directed to researchers and adds to the research base about instructional practices that are related to student achievement. Additional evidence on these relationships can suggest specific hypotheses for the future study of such instructional practices, which, in turn, will provide research evidence that could inform professional…

  14. A Model for Evaluation of the Cost-Effectiveness of Computer-Assisted Instruction in a University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dean, Robert L.

    1989-01-01

    Discussion of computer technology in higher education focuses on a study that applied a cost model to compare the cost effectiveness of using computer-assisted instruction versus traditional instruction in freshman English composition courses. Implications of technological change for higher education are examined, and further research needs are…

  15. Longitudinal Evaluation of the C/A/I Computer Assisted Instruction Title I Project, 1979-1982.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metrics Associates, Inc., Chelmsford, MA.

    The Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) Project, from the Merrimack Education Center, is an alternative, supplementary approach to providing reading, mathematics, and language arts instruction in local schools. Beginning in 1979, a 3-year project was begun to determine whether the addition of a CAI System to regular Elementary Secondary Education…

  16. Multivariable Implications of an Instructional Innovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraley, Lawrence; Vargas, Ernest

    1976-01-01

    Time, money, and learning effectiveness should all be considered in evaluating an instructional system. As an illustration, the authors describe the evaluation of an individualized instructional system using tutors. (Authors/BD)

  17. Use of a Postpartum Hemorrhage Simulator for Instruction and Evaluation of Residents

    PubMed Central

    Deering, Shad H.; Chinn, Michael; Hodor, Jonathon; Benedetti, Thomas; Mandel, Lynn S.; Goff, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    Objective Postpartum hemorrhage is a common and potentially life-threatening obstetric emergency. We sought to create a realistic simulation and validate a standardized grading form to evaluate competency in the management of postpartum hemorrhage. Methods Residents from 3 programs underwent training with a postpartum hemorrhage simulation using a standard obstetric birthing model equipped with an inflatable uterus to simulate uterine atony. All simulations were graded by staff physicians with a standardized grading sheet constructed from the current literature on the topic. Residents were expected to recognize the hemorrhage and take appropriate steps, including asking the assistant to administer medications, to correct the problem. Objective and subjective performance was measured with standardized grading sheets, and results were analyzed for reliability using Cronbach ? and intraclass correlation coefficients. This project was conducted in accordance with the hospital Institutional Review Board policies at each institution. Results Forty residents from 3 institutions underwent simulation training. The majority were unable to correct the hemorrhage within 5 minutes and almost half also made at least 1 error, either the dose or route, in the medications they requested. Reliability was evaluated with Cronbach ? and demonstrated the grading sheets were valid and had good interrater reliability. Discussion A simulated postpartum hemorrhage scenario can identify important deficiencies in resident knowledge and performance, with no risk to patients. The standardized grading form worked well for our purposes and was reliable in our study. Further testing is needed to evaluate whether the training improves performance in real-life hemorrhages. PMID:21975989

  18. Evaluation of Team-Based Learning and Traditional Instruction in Teaching Removable Partial Denture Concepts.

    PubMed

    Echeto, Luisa F; Sposetti, Venita; Childs, Gail; Aguilar, Maria L; Behar-Horenstein, Linda S; Rueda, Luis; Nimmo, Arthur

    2015-09-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of team-based learning (TBL) methodology on dental students' retention of knowledge regarding removable partial denture (RPD) treatment. The process of learning RPD treatment requires that students first acquire foundational knowledge and then use critical thinking skills to apply that knowledge to a variety of clinical situations. The traditional approach to teaching, characterized by a reliance on lectures, is not the most effective method for learning clinical applications. To address the limitations of that approach, the teaching methodology of the RPD preclinical course at the University of Florida was changed to TBL, which has been shown to motivate student learning and improve clinical performance. A written examination was constructed to compare the impact of TBL with that of traditional teaching regarding students' retention of knowledge and their ability to evaluate, diagnose, and treatment plan a partially edentulous patient with an RPD prosthesis. Students taught using traditional and TBL methods took the same examination. The response rate (those who completed the examination) for the class of 2013 (traditional method) was 94% (79 students of 84); for the class of 2014 (TBL method), it was 95% (78 students of 82). The results showed that students who learned RPD with TBL scored higher on the examination than those who learned RPD with traditional methods. Compared to the students taught with the traditional method, the TBL students' proportion of passing grades was statistically significantly higher (p=0.002), and 23.7% more TBL students passed the examination. The mean score for the TBL class (0.758) compared to the conventional class (0.700) was statistically significant with a large effect size, also demonstrating the practical significance of the findings. The results of the study suggest that TBL methodology is a promising approach to teaching RPD with successful outcomes. PMID:26329028

  19. Evaluation of computer-aided instruction techniques for the crew interface coordination position

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moynihan, Gary P.

    1993-01-01

    The Crew Interface Coordinator (CIC) is responsible for real-time voice and procedural communication between the payload crew on the orbiter and the payload operations team on the ground. This function is dedicated to science activities and operations, and may also include some responsibilities for crew training. CIC training at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) consists of mission-independent training, mission simulations, and line-organization training. As identified by Schneider, the program provides very good generic training; however position-specific training may be obtained in a very unstructured way. A computer-based training system, identified as Mac CIC, is currently under development to address this issue. Mac CIC is intended to provide an intermediate level of training in order to prepare the CIC for the more intensive mission simulations. Although originally intended as an intelligent tutoring system, Mac CIC currently exists as a hypertext-based application. The objectives of this research is to evaluate the current system and to provide both recommendations and a detailed plan for Mac CIC's evolution into an intelligent tutoring system.

  20. Literacy Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickens, Alex L., Ed.; Kali, Alex P., Ed.

    1986-01-01

    To examine literacy instruction in light of recent research and practice, this journal issue presents five articles focusing on the creation of a literate society where people appreciate literature and can use reading and writing to enrich their lives. The first article, "Literacy Instruction: An Alternative" (A. S. Bayer), presents an alternative…

  1. Literacy Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickens, Alex L., Ed.; Kali, Alex P., Ed.

    1986-01-01

    To examine literacy instruction in light of recent research and practice, this journal issue presents five articles focusing on the creation of a literate society where people appreciate literature and can use reading and writing to enrich their lives. The first article, "Literacy Instruction: An Alternative" (A. S. Bayer), presents an alternative…

  2. Thematic Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swartz, Eileen, Ed.

    1991-01-01

    The 12 articles presented in this issue of a journal on giftedness in school-age children focus on interdisciplinary thematic instruction for gifted students. "Untangling the Web of Interdisciplinary Instruction" (Susan L. Beibelman and Sandy Hall-Chiles) explains the use of a curriculum webbing model to provide structure. "Interdisciplinary…

  3. Bibliographic Instruction in the 21st Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poirier, Gayle

    2000-01-01

    Discusses bibliographic instruction in libraries. Topics include a history of bibliographic instruction; the Internet and electronic searching; librarians' use of technology; defining information needs; locating and accessing information, including classification systems and Boolean searching; evaluating information; using and communication…

  4. Instructional Media.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linder, Harris J., Ed.

    1979-01-01

    Reviews eight 16mm films or topics including animal behavior, medicine, and astronomy. Provides film running time, cost, and supplier address. Article includes reviews of instructional modules and brief descriptions of some additional films. (MA)

  5. Effect of occupation-based groups on self-concept of children aged 5-8: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Scurlock, Debra

    2015-01-01

    The goal of this pilot study was to ascertain the effectiveness of an occupation-based after-school program for improving self-concept in children, ages five through eight. Fifty-four randomly selected children ages five through eight from two schools (one being the control group) with similar socioeconomic status along the Ohio River were involved in this research study. The Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance for Young Children (PCSA; Harter & Pike, 1984) was administered to all participants (N = 54), four subtests were analyzed: cognitive competence, social competence with peers, physical competence in sports, and maternal acceptance. The experimental group (n = 25) attended occupation-based groups two times a week after school. The control group (n = 29) did not participate in an after-school program. Data from pre-test and post-test were analyzed using a t-test. Findings demonstrated that the experimental group improved their self-concept scores when compared to the control group in the areas of peer acceptance and cognitive competence. This would offer tentative evidence that an after-school program directed by occupational therapists that is designed to improve self-concept may be successful. PMID:25338266

  6. An Evaluation of Farm Management and Agricultural Marketing Microcomputer-Assisted Instruction in Training Vocational Agriculture Instructors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trede, Larry D.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    A study found that there is a significant difference in student achievement when teaching farm management and agricultural marketing concepts and problem solving with microcomputer-assisted instruction as compared to the lecture-discussion teaching method; and that there is little difference in achievement when comparing teachers' knowledge and…

  7. Evaluation of Imagine Learning English, a Computer-Assisted Instruction of Language and Literacy for Kindergarten Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Longberg, Pauline Oliphant

    2012-01-01

    As computer assisted instruction (CAI) becomes increasingly sophisticated, its appeal as a viable method of literacy intervention with young children continues despite limited evidence of effectiveness. The present study sought to assess the impact of one such CAI program, "Imagine Learning English" (ILE), on both the receptive…

  8. Spelling Improvement Units Taught by Classroom Drill vs. Self-Instructional Package: Their Development and Comparative Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelso, Genell

    The purpose of this investigation was to develop a method for improving the spelling skills of college freshmen. Parallel spelling units were devised, which covered the same minimal skills concepts. After a spelling pretest, the students in the sample could choose to study the material either by classroom drill or by using a self-instructional

  9. Evaluating the Effects of a Systemic Intervention on First-Grade Teachers' Explicit Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson-Walker, Nancy J.; Fien, Hank; Kosty, Derek B.; Smolkowski, Keith; Smith, Jean Louise M.; Baker, Scott K.

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the efficacy of a multitiered systemic reading intervention for increasing the intensity and quality of explicit literacy instruction that teachers provide in first-grade classrooms. Schools ("j" = 16) were randomly assigned to the treatment or comparison condition. In both conditions, teachers ("i" = 42)…

  10. Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Manual for Conducting Discrete-Trials Teaching with Children with Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thiessen, Carly; Fazzio, Daniela; Arnal, Lindsay; Martin, Garry L.; Yu, C. T.; Keilback, Lukas

    2009-01-01

    Discrete-trials teaching (DTT) is commonly used to implement applied behavior analysis treatment for children with autism. The authors investigated a revised self-instructional manual for teaching university students to implement a 21-component DTT procedure to teach three tasks to confederates role-playing children with autism. Also, as a…

  11. Powerful Pedagogies: Evaluating Effective Culturally Relevant English Instruction for High Achieving African American Males in Advanced Placement English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Stanley Louis, Jr.

    2011-01-01

    Helping teachers to effectively use culturally relevant instructional practices can help the educational community close the literacy gap for African American males. This study examines effective secondary English teachers and their high achieving African American male students. Using critical race and sociocultural theories as a conceptual…

  12. Tinkering with the Traditional to Assess and Promote Quality Instruction: Learning from a New and Unimproved Instructor Evaluation Instrument

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amrein-Beardsley, Audrey; Haladyna, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    For over 30 years survey instruments have been used in colleges of higher education to measure instructional effectiveness. Extensive research has been conducted to determine which items best capture this construct. This research study was triggered by a college of education's enthusiastic but failed attempt to create a new and improved instructor…

  13. Building on Past Successes: Designing, Evaluating, and Providing Effective Treatments for Persons for Whom Typical Instruction Is Not Effective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Sharon

    2015-01-01

    This article provides an overview of my experiences in special education as a teacher and subsequently as an intervention researcher providing background on where we were in providing instruction to individuals with disabilities 40 years ago (prior to legal protections and supports) compared with the present. This article acknowledges the progress…

  14. Evaluation of Imagine Learning English, a Computer-Assisted Instruction of Language and Literacy for Kindergarten Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Longberg, Pauline Oliphant

    2012-01-01

    As computer assisted instruction (CAI) becomes increasingly sophisticated, its appeal as a viable method of literacy intervention with young children continues despite limited evidence of effectiveness. The present study sought to assess the impact of one such CAI program, "Imagine Learning English" (ILE), on both the receptive…

  15. Competency Evaluation and Expectations of the Public Comprehensive Community College Librarian; A National Survey of Chief Instructional Officers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Angelo

    The chief instructional officers (CIO's) of 751 public comprehensive community colleges were surveyed to determine their perceptions of the skills and competencies necessary for junior college librarians. Respondents were asked to indicate both the desired and actual level of competency of their campus librarians in the areas of: (1) knowledge of…

  16. Objective and Subjective Evaluations of a TV-Program versus Small Group Instruction for the Iowa Drug Information Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Domingo; And Others

    1982-01-01

    A study to determine whether the TV approach for instructing drug information systems is more efficient, in terms of cost and learning effectiveness than traditional educational programing, is described. Students preferred traditional teaching over the TV production; however, students subjected to the TV variable achieved better test scores.…

  17. Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Package for Teaching Tutors to Conduct Discrete-Trials Teaching with Children with Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomson, Kendra M.; Martin, Garry L.; Fazzio, Daniela; Salem, Sandra; Young, Kristen; Yu, C. T.

    2012-01-01

    A widely used method for teaching children with autism is applied behavior analysis (ABA), and a main component of ABA programming is discrete-trials teaching (DTT). Using a modified multiple-baseline design across participants, we assessed the effectiveness of a DTT self-instructional package (Fazzio & Martin, 2007) for teaching four pairs of…

  18. A New Peer Instruction Method for Teaching Practical Skills in the Health Sciences: An Evaluation of the "Learning Trail"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dollman, James

    2005-01-01

    The "Learning Trail" is an innovative application of peer-mediated instruction designed to enhance student learning in large practical classes. The strategy specifically seeks to improve participants' attention to details of protocol that are often difficult to observe during teacher-centered demonstrations to large groups. Students (n=68) at the…

  19. A New Peer Instruction Method for Teaching Practical Skills in the Health Sciences: An Evaluation of the "Learning Trail"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dollman, James

    2005-01-01

    The "Learning Trail" is an innovative application of peer-mediated instruction designed to enhance student learning in large practical classes. The strategy specifically seeks to improve participants' attention to details of protocol that are often difficult to observe during teacher-centered demonstrations to large groups. Students (n=68) at the…

  20. A Computer-Assisted Instruction Program on How To Use a Library Card Catalog: Description, Program, and Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Richard J.

    The computer program described is written in BASIC and, although it was developed for use at Slippery Rock State College, it could be adapted easily for other libraries using Library of Congress classification and cataloging rules. The program uses simple sequences of instructions and explanations followed by questions. Branching is employed to…

  1. Development and Validation of a Model for Formative Evaluation of Self-Instructional Multi-Media Learning Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abedor, Allan J.

    The purpose of this research was to develop and field test a new flowchart model prescribing specific operations for tryout and revision of prototype multi-media self-instructional treatments. The methods and results of the following four phases of the study are described: (1) design of a MK I flowchart model based on a review of the literature;…

  2. Building on Past Successes: Designing, Evaluating, and Providing Effective Treatments for Persons for Whom Typical Instruction Is Not Effective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Sharon

    2015-01-01

    This article provides an overview of my experiences in special education as a teacher and subsequently as an intervention researcher providing background on where we were in providing instruction to individuals with disabilities 40 years ago (prior to legal protections and supports) compared with the present. This article acknowledges the progress…

  3. Nursing Professionals' Evaluation in Integrating the Computers in English for Nursing Purposes (ENP) Instruction and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Wei-Chieh Wayne

    2013-01-01

    This study was designed to examine the pre- and in-service nursing professionals' perceptions of using computers to facilitate foreign language learning as consideration for future English for nursing purposes instruction. One hundred and ninety seven Taiwanese nursing students participated in the study. Findings revealed that (1) the…

  4. Design, Production, Evaluation, and Revision of a Self-Instructional Package for the HP-45 Electronic Slide Rule.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burger, Vernon K.

    The author designed an instructional package including slides and tape cassettes for individual use by students learning to use a hand calculator to perform computations. Students (n=17) using the package were given pretests and posttests of ability and attitude. On the three sets of cognitive objectives, mastery was achieved by 96 percent, 76…

  5. Individually Prescribed Instruction Program (Mathematics), Disadvantaged Pupil Program Funds, Fund Number 97-19, 1971-72 Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Derek B.; Fleming, Margaret

    The third year of a field test of the Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) program in two inner-city elementary schools is reported. The results of the Stanford Achievement Tests administered to IPI and Control children in grades two, four, and six showed that IPI students scored higher on one out of three subtests at grade four, on two out…

  6. Library Orientation and Instruction--1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rader, Hannelore B.

    1991-01-01

    This annotated bibliography includes materials in English published in 1990 that deal with information literacy, including instruction in the use of information resources; research; and computer skills related to retrieving, using, and evaluating information. Publications on user instruction are included for all types of libraries and for all…

  7. Marketing Instructional Development Internally, Externally.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lied, James

    This description of the marketing process as a practical way to manage the function of instruction development emphasizes the importance of the identification and evaluation of customer needs before developing objectives. To assist the instructional development agency in focusing on this aspect of planning, a check list of possible marketing…

  8. Personalized System of Instruction in Cyberspace.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pear, Joseph J.; Crone-Todd, Darlene E.

    1999-01-01

    This study evaluated use of the Computer-Aided Personalized System of Instruction (CAPSI) based on Keller's Personalized System of Instruction with four different undergraduate psychology classes who received no classroom instruction. Students' performance and ratings indicate that CAPSI is a viable online educational method. (DB)

  9. Computer-Assisted Instruction: Status in Pennsylvania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Keith A.

    Three characteristics of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) make it suitable for individualizing instruction: adaptive response by the student, continual evaluation of the student's responses, and adaptability of instruction to the individual's responses and his achievement levels. CAI systems are being used for laboratory computing, record…

  10. Instruction and Technology: Designs for Everyday Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mehlenbacher, Brad

    2010-01-01

    The perpetual connectivity made possible by twenty-first-century technology has profoundly affected instruction and learning. Emerging technologies that upend traditional notions of communication and community also influence the ways we design and evaluate instruction and how we understand learning and learning environments. In "Instruction and…

  11. Understanding Instructions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milburn, Val

    This guide is intended to help adult basic education (ABE) teachers teach their students to understand instructions in their daily lives. The 25 learning activities included all develop students' skills in the area of following directions by using basic situations drawn from everyday life. The following activities are included: sequencing pictures…

  12. Instructional Coaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Jim

    2006-01-01

    The number of school districts using instructional coaches is growing at a staggering rate. Coaching is becoming popular, in part, because many educational leaders recognize the old form of professional development, built around traditional in-service sessions for teachers, simply does not affect student achievement. By offering support, feedback,…

  13. Understanding Instructions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milburn, Val

    This guide is intended to help adult basic education (ABE) teachers teach their students to understand instructions in their daily lives. The 25 learning activities included all develop students' skills in the area of following directions by using basic situations drawn from everyday life. The following activities are included: sequencing pictures…

  14. To Establish, Operate and Maintain Supplementary Educational Services: Instructional Television Experience Development and Distribution. An Evaluation of San Diego Area Instructional Television Authority Educational Program Activities; September 1, 1968 to June 30, 1969.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    All, Stephen A., Ed.; Stegeman, William H., Ed.

    The contents of this report represent a digest of activity by the San Diego Area Instructional Television Authority from the organization's inception in 1966 to 1969 when the Title III Grant expired. Each year the Authority provided instructional television to some 250,000 students and teachers. The report includes information relating to…

  15. Questionnaire design: carry-over effects of overall acceptance question placement and pre-evaluation instructions on overall acceptance scores in central location tests.

    PubMed

    Bastian, Mauresa; Eggett, Dennis L; Jefferies, Laura K

    2015-02-01

    Question placement and usage of pre-evaluation instructions (PEI) in questionnaires for food sensory analysis may bias consumers' scores via carry-over effects. Data from consumer sensory panels previously conducted at a central location, spanning 11 years and covering a broad range of food product categories, were compiled. Overall acceptance (OA) question placement was studied with categories designated as first (the first evaluation question following demographic questions), after nongustation questions (immediately following questions that do not require panelists to taste the product), and later (following all other hedonic and just-about-right [JAR] questions, but occasionally before ranking, open-ended comments, and/or intent to purchase questions). Each panel was categorized as having or not having PEI in the questionnaire; PEI are instructions that appear immediately before the first evaluation question and show panelists all attributes they will evaluate before receiving test samples. Postpanel surveys were administered regarding the self-reported effect of PEI on panelists' evaluation experience. OA scores were analyzed and compared (1) between OA question placement categories and (2) between panels with and without PEI. For most product categories, OA scores tended to be lower when asked later in the questionnaire, suggesting evidence of a carry-over effect. Usage of PEI increased OA scores by 0.10 of a 9-point hedonic scale point, which is not practically significant. Postpanel survey data showed that presence of PEI typically improved the panelists' experience. Using PEI does not appear to introduce a meaningful carry-over effect. PMID:25604650

  16. Evaluating Teachers' Support Requests When Just-in-Time Instructional Support is Provided to Introduce a Primary Level Web-Based Reading Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Eileen; Anderson, Alissa; Piquette-Tomei, Noella; Savage, Robert; Mueller, Julie

    2011-01-01

    Support requests were documented for 10 teachers (4 kindergarten, 4 grade one, and 2 grade one/two teachers) who received just-in-time instructional support over a 2 1/2 month period while implementing a novel reading software program as part of their literacy instruction. In-class observations were made of each instructional session. Analysis of…

  17. COLLEGE-LEVEL INSTRUCTION: DERIVED RELATIONS AND PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION

    PubMed Central

    Fienup, Daniel M; Hamelin, Jeffery; Reyes-Giordano, Kimberly; Falcomata, Terry S

    2011-01-01

    Recent research has demonstrated the effectiveness of programmed instruction that integrates derived relations to teach college-level academic material. This method has been demonstrated to be effective and economical in the teaching of complex mathematics and biology concepts. Although this approach may have potential applications with other domains of college learning, more studies are needed to evaluate important technological variables. Studies that employ programmed instruction are discussed in relation to future directions for research. PMID:21709803

  18. Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Occupation-Based Occupational Therapy Using the Aid for Decision Making in Occupation Choice (ADOC) for Older Residents: Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial

    PubMed Central

    Nagayama, Hirofumi; Tomori, Kounosuke; Ohno, Kanta; Takahashi, Kayoko; Ogahara, Kakuya; Sawada, Tatsunori; Uezu, Sei; Nagatani, Ryutaro; Yamauchi, Keita

    2016-01-01

    Background Care-home residents are mostly inactive, have little interaction with staff, and are dependent on staff to engage in daily occupations. We recently developed an iPad application called the Aid for Decision-making in Occupation Choice (ADOC) to promote shared decision-making in activities and occupation-based goal setting by choosing from illustrations describing daily activities. This study aimed to evaluate if interventions based on occupation-based goal setting using the ADOC could focus on meaningful activities to improve quality of life and independent activities of daily living, with greater cost-effectiveness than an impairment-based approach as well as to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a large cluster, randomized controlled trial. Method In this single (assessor)-blind pilot cluster randomized controlled trial, the intervention group (ADOC group) received occupational therapy based on occupation-based goal setting using the ADOC, and the interventions were focused on meaningful occupations. The control group underwent an impairment-based approach focused on restoring capacities, without goal setting tools. In both groups, the 20-minute individualized intervention sessions were conducted twice a week for 4 months. Main Outcome Measures Short Form-36 (SF-36) score, SF-6D utility score, quality adjusted life years (QALY), Barthel Index, and total care cost. Results We randomized and analyzed 12 facilities (44 participants, 18.5% drop-out rate), with 6 facilities each allocated to the ADOC (n = 23) and control (n = 21) groups. After the 4-month intervention, the ADOC group had a significantly greater change in the BI score, with improved scores (P = 0.027, 95% CI 0.41 to 6.87, intracluster correlation coefficient = 0.14). No other outcome was significantly different. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio, calculated using the change in BI score, was $63.1. Conclusion The results suggest that occupational therapy using the ADOC for older residents might be effective and cost-effective. We also found that conducting an RCT in the occupational therapy setting is feasible. Trial Registration UMIN Clinical Trials Registry UMIN000012994 PMID:26930191

  19. Assessing the Effectiveness of a Mathematics-Focused, Instructional Technology Program for Grades 6-8: A 5-Year Trend Analysis of NASA CONNECT(tm) Evaluation Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Glassman, Nanci A.; Perry, Jeannine B.; Giersch, Christopher E.; Lambert, Matthew A.; Pinelli, Thomas E.

    2004-01-01

    NASA CONNECT is a research-, inquiry, and standards-based, integrated mathematics, science, and technology series of 30-minute instructional distance learning (television and web-based) programs for students in grades 6 8. Respondents who evaluated the programs in the series over the first five seasons (1998-99 through 2002-03) reported that (1) they used the programs in the series; (2) the goals and objectives for the series were met; (3) the programs were aligned with the national mathematics, science, and technology standards; (4) the program content was developmentally appropriate for the grade level; and (5) the programs in the series enhanced and enriched the teaching of mathematics, science, and technology.

  20. Development of a Learning-Oriented Computer Assisted Instruction Designed to Improve Skills in the Clinical Assessment of the Nutritional Status: A Pilot Evaluation

    PubMed Central

    GarcĂ­a de Diego, Laura; Cuervo, Marta; MartĂ­nez, J. Alfredo

    2015-01-01

    Computer assisted instruction (CAI) is an effective tool for evaluating and training students and professionals. In this article we will present a learning-oriented CAI, which has been developed for students and health professionals to acquire and retain new knowledge through the practice. A two-phase pilot evaluation was conducted, involving 8 nutrition experts and 30 postgraduate students, respectively. In each training session, the software developed guides users in the integral evaluation of a patient’s nutritional status and helps them to implement actions. The program includes into the format clinical tools, which can be used to recognize possible patient’s needs, to improve the clinical reasoning and to develop professional skills. Among them are assessment questionnaires and evaluation criteria, cardiovascular risk charts, clinical guidelines and photographs of various diseases. This CAI is a complete software package easy to use and versatile, aimed at clinical specialists, medical staff, scientists, educators and clinical students, which can be used as a learning tool. This application constitutes an advanced method for students and health professionals to accomplish nutritional assessments combining theoretical and empirical issues, which can be implemented in their academic curriculum. PMID:25978456

  1. Bibliographic Instructional Design: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Wendell G.; Burke, Adam; Evans, Barbara

    2001-01-01

    Describes the basic elements of instructional design: (1) assessing needs; (2) defining goals; (3) selecting formats and materials; (4) devising test and evaluation procedures; (5) constructing and teaching a prototype; (6) analyzing and evaluating the results; and (7) revising the instruction and recycling. Demonstrates integration of online…

  2. The Pathways and Pitfalls to Instructional Improvement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Clare

    Two kinds of efforts at instructional improvement in higher education, student evaluation of teachers and faculty development programs on campuses, fall short of reaching their theoretical goals. Student evaluations are neither reliable nor valid measures of a teacher's instructional effectiveness. Some of the items included in such questionnaires…

  3. The Development and Evaluation of Audio-Tutorial Programmed Instruction in Learning Concepts of Ecology and Conservation. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Presnell, Richard W.

    Presented in this final report is a description and evaluation of a one year experimental environmental education program involving 236 fifth and sixth grade students in central New York state. Primary objective of the project was the development, implementation, and evaluation of a series of audio-taped lessons, designed to teach upper elementary…

  4. An Instructional Leader's Evaluation of Mixed Practice and Blocked Practice in High School Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DuBois, Tamara J.

    2012-01-01

    The researcher conducted a quantitative study to compare mixed practice to blocked practice in mathematics. Patton's (2008) utilized focused evaluation along with Rossi, Lipsey, and Freeman's (2004) program evaluation were used as a framework to determine if mixed practice produced any positive results in college readiness as evidenced…

  5. Compensatory and Bilingual Education Program Evaluation Summary, Academic Year 1987-88. A Guidelines and Instruction Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Compensatory/Bilingual Education.

    This handbook provides guidelines for the evaluation of compensatory and bilingual education programs in New Jersey. Each local education agency (LEA) is required to complete an annual evaluation of previous year program information for basic skills programs funded totally or in part by state and federal resources. Bilingual and…

  6. The development and evaluation of a music mnemonic-enhanced multimedia computer-aided science instructional module

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kimmel, Karl Joseph

    "CellSong" is a computer aided instructional (CAI) science module designed to help students recall information about cellular physiology. The program is designed to teach middle school learners the music mnemonic "Cell's Organelles" ((c)1995 Karl Kimmel) in order to facilitate the recall of the targeted biological information. In addition to music, a computer animation is synched to the five minute music file to provide visual reinforcement for the song's lyrics. Two male teachers, from two different rural southern schools ( mTeacher and sTeacher) implemented the "CellSong" module in their classes. Students in mTeacher's class consisted of 12 fifth grade biology students. The other group was initially composed of all of sTeacher's sixth grade science classes ( n = 38). This group was divided into the regular three classes on its second exposure to the program. The students filled out attitude surveys after five exposures to the program. All the sixth grade students took an aided recall tests immediately after the fifth exposure to the program. Thirteen of the sixth graders took the same test (retest) after seven days. Although the test scores were generally low, students who took the retest tended to be able recall the same items that they had recalled the week before. The fifth grade class took one recall test four days after their last exposure to the program and scored higher than the sixth grade from the other school. These students were more favorable in their responses on the attitudinal survey. Students in the fifth grade class (and female students in the sixth grade classes) tended to enjoy the module and music mnemonic strategy. The sixth grade boys reported not enjoying it.

  7. New Paradigms: Using the Management Techniques of Instruction To Buy (into) a New Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arp, Lori, Ed.

    1996-01-01

    Discusses academic library funding and suggests the use of management techniques by instructional librarians for developing new curriculum. Topics include techniques of instructional administration; collaboration between instructional librarians and faculty; needs assessment; strategic planning; pilot projects; implementation and evaluation; and…

  8. Finding e[superscript 3] (Effective, Efficient, and Engaging) Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merrill, M. David

    2009-01-01

    From a review of instructional design theories, research, and practice, the author has derived his "First Principles of Instruction". In this article, he suggests a rubric for using these principles to evaluate existing instruction. The article presents a Course Evaluation form and accompanying demonstration and application rubrics that enable the…

  9. Finding e[superscript 3] (Effective, Efficient, and Engaging) Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merrill, M. David

    2009-01-01

    From a review of instructional design theories, research, and practice, the author has derived his "First Principles of Instruction". In this article, he suggests a rubric for using these principles to evaluate existing instruction. The article presents a Course Evaluation form and accompanying demonstration and application rubrics that enable the…

  10. Evaluation of a Mediated Program for Training Teachers of Exceptional Children in Instructional Development. Final Report 51.2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thiagarajan, Sivasailam; Stolovitch, Harold D.

    The document describes a project to design, develop, and evaluate a set of audiovisual training modules to augment a sourcebook for special education teacher trainees and to assist trainers and curriculum developers in the design of teacher training materials. It is explained in Chapter I that the project involved the 4-D Model--Define, Design,…

  11. An Overview of Miner Training: Recommendations for Curriculum Development, Instructional Strategies, and Evaluation Techniques for Classroom Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernard, Jeanne T.; Digman, R. Michael

    To evaluate and document the effectiveness of miner training, a study monitored a wide variety of classroom sessions conducted for new miner and annual refresher training. Seven trainers and 275 mine trainees at fourteen sites in Kentucky, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia participated. Observations were made of classes in underground new…

  12. An Overview of Miner Training: Recommendations for Curriculum Development, Instructional Strategies, and Evaluation Techniques for Classroom Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernard, Jeanne T.; Digman, R. Michael

    To evaluate and document the effectiveness of miner training, a study monitored a wide variety of classroom sessions conducted for new miner and annual refresher training. Seven trainers and 275 mine trainees at fourteen sites in Kentucky, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia participated. Observations were made of classes in underground new…

  13. Evaluating the Use of Corpus-Based Instruction in a Language Teacher Education Context: Perspectives from the Users

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farr, Fiona

    2008-01-01

    A recent practice in the study of language on teacher education programmes has been the use of electronic corpora, and we are therefore still at the initial stages of exploring key issues relating to their integration. Despite arguments for and against their adaptation, there is a dearth of evaluative research examining student teachers'…

  14. The Hands-Off Pilot Study of the Skills for Ethical Action Instructional Materials. Volume II: Formative Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.

    Prepared as part of an evaluation report of a junior high school course in moral education (Skills for Ethical Action, SEA), this volume describes course implementation, acceptability, and effectiveness on a lesson by lesson basis. The purpose was to provide data for use by SEA program staff as they revised the course so that it would be more…

  15. Curriculum Studies, Instructional Materials for Teachers Training Colleges in Swaziland. African Studies in Curriculum Development & Evaluation No. 99.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nxumalo, Miriam V. F.

    A study was conducted to determine the most salient elements to be incorporated into a curriculum studies course for students in one of the three 2-year teacher training colleges in Swaziland. The course was developed to acquaint prospective teachers with curriculum objectives, methods, and evaluation devices, and to help them to critique some…

  16. Networked Instructional Computers in the Elementary Classroom and Their Effect on the Learning Environment: A Qualitative Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeler, Carolyn M.

    1996-01-01

    Describes a qualitative evaluation of an elementary schoolwide computer implementation project. Highlights include the use of interviews, questionnaires, and surveys with teachers, students, and parents; changes in teacher attitudes and roles, classroom management, and classroom climate; and a model for creating a community of learners through the…

  17. Evaluation of Instruction: Students' Patterns of Use and Contribution to RateMyProfessors.com

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villalta-Cerdas, Adrian; McKeny, Patrick; Gatlin, Todd; Sandi-Urena, Santiago

    2015-01-01

    RateMyProfessors.com (RMP) is the most popular commercial website to evaluate instructors, and houses a wealth of student-generated information in the form of ratings and reviews. This study investigated whether general chemistry students who use RMP were different from other students, and their reasons to use and contribute to the site. A pool of…

  18. An Evaluation of Instructional Coaching at Selected High Schools in North Louisiana and Its Effect on Student Achievement, Organizational Climate, and Teacher Efficacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hearn, Richard M.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare high schools in north Louisiana to determine if the presence or absence of instructional coaches influenced student achievement, organizational climate, and/or teacher efficacy in any significant manner. The 11 high schools in north Louisiana utilizing instructional coaches were matched to 11 high schools…

  19. Evaluation of Teachers' Activities in the Use of Animated Instructional Resource Materials in Biology Teaching in Senior Secondary Schools in Bauchi State Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kwasu, I. A.; Abubakar; Ema, E.

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a profile on how teachers in senior secondary schools in Bauchi state Nigeria utilise animated instructional resource (AIR) in the teaching of biology. A structured questionnaire used to generate data on the availability, accessibility and application of the AIR for classroom instruction by teachers. The instrument for data…

  20. Using Visualisations in Secondary School Physics Teaching and Learning: Evaluating the Efficacy of an Instructional Program to Facilitate Understanding of Gas and Liquid Pressure Concepts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oh, Elisabeth Yian Yian; Treagust, David F.; Koh, Thiam Seng; Phang, Wei Lian; Ng, Shuh Lit; Sim, Gary; Chandrasegaran, A. L.

    2012-01-01

    An instructional program using four simulation applets was used to facilitate understanding of gas and liquid pressure concepts among twenty-two students in a Year 9 class from an independent secondary school in Singapore. A comparison group consisting of twenty-two students was taught using traditional didactic, chalk-and-talk instruction.…

  1. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Video Instruction on Social and Communication Skills Training for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review of the Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shukla-Mehta, Smita; Miller, Trube; Callahan, Kevin J.

    2010-01-01

    Video instruction as an intervention for teaching skills to children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is gaining increased momentum in applied settings.Video instruction, comprised of video modeling, video self-modeling, and point-of-view video, has been utilized in various fields of study with various populations and target behaviors.…

  2. An Evaluation of a Progressive High-Probability Instructional Sequence Combined with Low-Probability Demand Fading in the Treatment of Food Selectivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penrod, Becky; Gardella, Laura; Fernand, Jonathan

    2012-01-01

    Few studies have examined the effects of the high-probability instructional sequence in the treatment of food selectivity, and results of these studies have been mixed (e.g., Dawson et al., 2003; Patel et al., 2007). The present study extended previous research on the high-probability instructional sequence by combining this procedure with…

  3. An Evaluation of a Progressive High-Probability Instructional Sequence Combined with Low-Probability Demand Fading in the Treatment of Food Selectivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penrod, Becky; Gardella, Laura; Fernand, Jonathan

    2012-01-01

    Few studies have examined the effects of the high-probability instructional sequence in the treatment of food selectivity, and results of these studies have been mixed (e.g., Dawson et al., 2003; Patel et al., 2007). The present study extended previous research on the high-probability instructional sequence by combining this procedure with…

  4. Evaluation of Brief Group-Administered Instruction for Parents to Prevent or Minimize Sleep Problems in Young Children with Down Syndrome

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stores, Rebecca; Stores, Gregory

    2004-01-01

    Background: The study concerns the unknown value of group instruction for mothers of young children with Down syndrome (DS) in preventing or minimizing sleep problems. Method: (1) Children with DS were randomly allocated to an Instruction group (given basic information about children's sleep) and a Control group for later comparison including…

  5. Using Visualisations in Secondary School Physics Teaching and Learning: Evaluating the Efficacy of an Instructional Program to Facilitate Understanding of Gas and Liquid Pressure Concepts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oh, Elisabeth Yian Yian; Treagust, David F.; Koh, Thiam Seng; Phang, Wei Lian; Ng, Shuh Lit; Sim, Gary; Chandrasegaran, A. L.

    2012-01-01

    An instructional program using four simulation applets was used to facilitate understanding of gas and liquid pressure concepts among twenty-two students in a Year 9 class from an independent secondary school in Singapore. A comparison group consisting of twenty-two students was taught using traditional didactic, chalk-and-talk instruction.…

  6. The Identification, Implementation, and Evaluation of Critical User Interface Design Features of Computer-Assisted Instruction Programs in Mathematics for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seo, You-Jin; Woo, Honguk

    2010-01-01

    Critical user interface design features of computer-assisted instruction programs in mathematics for students with learning disabilities and corresponding implementation guidelines were identified in this study. Based on the identified features and guidelines, a multimedia computer-assisted instruction program, "Math Explorer", which delivers…

  7. Evaluation of Brief Group-Administered Instruction for Parents to Prevent or Minimize Sleep Problems in Young Children with Down Syndrome

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stores, Rebecca; Stores, Gregory

    2004-01-01

    Background: The study concerns the unknown value of group instruction for mothers of young children with Down syndrome (DS) in preventing or minimizing sleep problems. Method: (1) Children with DS were randomly allocated to an Instruction group (given basic information about children's sleep) and a Control group for later comparison including…

  8. Instructional Objectives. Occasional Monograph.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Babin, Patrick

    This monograph offers concise suggestions for drawing up instructional objectives. The essential elements of a well written instructional objective are outlined and a discussion is presented on writing instructional objectives in three major domains of learning: cognitive, affective, and psychomotor. It is emphasized that an instructional

  9. Sources of Instructional Leadership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selim, Philip D.

    This study assessed patterns of instructional leadership sources. The instrument, Sources of Instructional Leadership (SOIL), was based on instructional leadership and effective schools literature. It dealt with the management of instructional resources, and related to one of six leadership functions: organizing, coordinating, developing,…

  10. Designing the Instructional Interface.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lohr, L. L.

    2000-01-01

    Designing the instructional interface is a challenging endeavor requiring knowledge and skills in instructional and visual design, psychology, human-factors, ergonomic research, computer science, and editorial design. This paper describes the instructional interface, the challenges of its development, and an instructional systems approach to its…

  11. Computer-assisted instruction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Atkinson, R. C.

    1974-01-01

    The results are presented of a project of research and development on strategies for optimizing the instructional process, and dissemination of information about the applications of such research to the instructional medium of computer-assisted instruction. Accomplishments reported include construction of the author language INSTRUCT, construction of a practical CAI course in the area of computer science, and a number of investigations into the individualization of instruction, using the course as a vehicle.

  12. Teaching Young Deaf People: An Instructional Strategy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeCaro, James J.; Blake, Rowland S.

    1981-01-01

    The article presents a five-phase instructional strategy that has been successfully applied in the design of instruction for hearing-impaired youth. The five phases (orientation, presentation, practice, review, and evaluation) transcend content, organization of content, and mode of delivery. (Author)

  13. Elementary General Music Teachers' Reflections on Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delaney, Diane W.

    2011-01-01

    A qualitative study was completed to identify and study the content of selected elementary general music teachers' evaluations of their own instruction and the instruction of another elementary general music teacher. Participants represented a variety of educational backgrounds and teaching experience: Teacher A (9 years teaching Grades 4-6 at…

  14. SCID: Model for Effective Instructional Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norton, Robert E.

    The Systematic Curriculum and Instructional Development (SCID) model provides a tested procedure for developing high-quality, low-cost competency-based education and tech prep curriculum and instructional materials. It consists of 5 phases--analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation--and 23 components. The analysis phase…

  15. A formative evaluation of problem-based learning as an instructional strategy in a medical laboratory technician course

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nelson, Diane Patricia

    2002-09-01

    This study is a formative evaluation of problem-based learning as an effective course delivery strategy in a second year introductory Medical Laboratory Technician discipline-specific hematology course. This strategy can serve two purposes in this type of course: discipline specific content knowledge and process skills learning. A needs study identified that students required additional workplace skills as they entered the clinical internship. Students tested well on the national registry examinations, discipline-specific content knowledge, but group process skills needed improvement in the areas of collaboration, communication, and critical reasoning. Problem-based learning was identified as an change intervention to help provide these skills. A search of the literature revealed that the Baker College cultural and physical environment would support this intervention. Twelve cases were written, situated in a clinical laboratory environment, addressing learning issues identified in a modified Delphi survey of laboratory personnel e.g. fiscal responsibility, turn-around time, invasiveness of laboratory techniques, and holistic view of healthcare environment. A hematology class of 13 students received the intervention. The cases were structured to proceed from instructor-centered (guided) learning issues to learner-centered learning issues. Observations of the in-group collaboration processes were documented, as well as oral presentations and critical reasoning, with students given periodic feedback on these skills. Student surveys provided data about satisfaction, attitude to PBL process, and self-efficacy. Multiple choice discipline-specific content examinations were given and compared with classes from the previous four years. The study found that students receiving the PBL treatment scored as well as or better than students from previous years on traditional multiple choice exams. Recall questions showed positive significance and application/analysis questions showed no significance from previous years. Clinical correlations end-of-case evaluations addressing the issues of thoroughness of investigation, supporting evidence, accuracy of information, order and clarity of thought showed positive improvement across the intervention, as did the PBL processes of in-group collaboration skills, teamwork skills, and presentation skills. By the end of the intervention, students expressed preference for student-centered learning issues.

  16. Modular Instruction Under Restricted Conditions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Utomo, Tjipto; Ruijter, Kees

    1984-01-01

    Describes the evaluation and reconstruction of a transport phenomena course given at the Bandung Institute of Technology which had a 70 percent failure rate. Discusses the teacher-paced modular instruction technique designed to replace the original course material and its results in terms of student performance over a three-year period. (JM)

  17. Data Based Instruction in Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    2010-01-01

    Data based instruction has received much attention in educational literature. It relates well to measurement driven teaching and learning. Data may come from several sources including mandated tests, district wide testing, formative and summative evaluations, as well as teacher written tests. Objective information is intended for use in data based…

  18. Library Orientation and Instruction--1991.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rader, Hannelore B.

    1992-01-01

    This 196-item annotated bibliography lists materials published in 1991 that deal with information literacy, including instruction in the use of information resources, research, and computer skills related to retrieving, using, and evaluating information, in all library settings. Publishing trends in this subject area since 1973 are briefly…

  19. Dedicated online virtual reference instruction.

    PubMed

    Guillot, Ladonna; Stahr, Beth; Plaisance, Louise

    2005-01-01

    To facilitate nursing students' information literacy skills and enhance traditional library user services, academic librarians have developed synchronous (real-time) online virtual reference instruction in nursing research classes. The authors discuss collaborative efforts of nursing and library faculty in planning, implementing, and evaluating a discipline-specific virtual reference pilot program. PMID:16292145

  20. Instructional Effectiveness of an Intelligent Videodisc in Biology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunderson, C. V.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    WICAT Systems, Inc., produced a "proof of concept" instructional videodisc in college biology with support from the National Science Foundation. The project involved simultaneous development of content design, instructional strategies, software, and hardware, with a principal focus on evaluation of the instructional videodisc in the classroom.…

  1. Altering Instructional Delivery Options to Improve Intervention Outcomes: Does Increased Instructional Intensity Also Increase Instructional Effectiveness?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Begeny, John C.; Hawkins, Amy Lynn; Krouse, Hailey E.; Laugle, Kelly M.

    2011-01-01

    With limited educational resources and numerous other variables that complicate effective teaching, educators need to think prudently about how to allocate resources. In essence, teachers must allocate resources in ways that will best maximize student learning. However, minimal research has systematically evaluated whether increased instructional

  2. Early Literacy Instruction and Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Foorman, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the efficacy of early literacy interventions and to discuss possible roles for volunteer tutors in helping prevent reading difficulties within the Response to Intervention process. First, we describe a landmark study that evaluated the impact of primary classroom instruction on reducing the proportion of students at risk for reading failure, and a more recent series of studies exploring the effects of individualizing classroom reading instruction based on students’ initial skills. Second, we review studies of more intensive early intervention to demonstrate how these interventions substantially reduce the proportion of students at risk. Third, we examine effective tutoring models that utilize volunteers. Finally, we discuss the potential role of community tutors in supporting primary classroom instruction and secondary interventions. PMID:25221452

  3. Changing Content Instruction through Action Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santa, Carol M.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Discusses ways to get teachers involved in the process of evaluating and changing their methods of instruction--using the example of teaching content material through round robin reading and discussion. (FL)

  4. Instructional Systems: Which One?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, A. Maughan

    1970-01-01

    Discusses the mystical aura attached to the notion of a systems approach to instruction, briefly reviews some of the instructional systems which have been advanced, and suggests a method for successful implementation of the process. (LS)

  5. An evaluation of 9-1-1 calls to assess the effectiveness of dispatch-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instructions: design and methodology

    PubMed Central

    Vaillancourt, Christian; Charette, Manya L; Stiell, Ian G; Wells, George A

    2008-01-01

    Background Cardiac arrest is the leading cause of mortality in Canada, and the overall survival rate for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest rarely exceeds 5%. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been shown to increase survival for cardiac arrest victims. However, bystander CPR rates remain low in Canada, rarely exceeding 15%, despite various attempts to improve them. Dispatch-assisted CPR instructions have the potential to improve rates of bystander CPR and many Canadian urban communities now offer instructions to callers reporting a victim in cardiac arrest. Dispatch-assisted CPR instructions are recommended by the International Guidelines on Emergency Cardiovascular Care, but their ability to improve cardiac arrest survival remains unclear. Methods/Design The overall goal of this study is to better understand the factors leading to successful dispatch-assisted CPR instructions and to ultimately save the lives of more cardiac arrest patients. The study will utilize a before-after, prospective cohort design to specifically: 1) Determine the ability of 9-1-1 dispatchers to correctly diagnose cardiac arrest; 2) Quantify the frequency and impact of perceived agonal breathing on cardiac arrest diagnosis; 3) Measure the frequency with which dispatch-assisted CPR instructions can be successfully completed; and 4) Measure the impact of dispatch-assisted CPR instructions on bystander CPR and survival rates. The study will be conducted in 19 urban communities in Ontario, Canada. All 9-1-1 calls occurring in the study communities reporting out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in victims 16 years of age or older for which resuscitation was attempted will be eligible. Information will be obtained from 9-1-1 call recordings, paramedic patient care reports, base hospital records, fire medical records and hospital medical records. Victim, caller and system characteristics will be measured in the study communities before the introduction of dispatch-assisted CPR instructions (before group), during the introduction (run-in phase), and following the introduction (after group). Discussion The study will obtain information essential to the development of clinical trials that will test a variety of educational approaches and delivery methods for telephone cardiopulmonary resuscitation instructions. This will be the first study in the world to clearly quantify the impact of dispatch-assisted CPR instructions on survival to hospital discharge for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victims. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00664443 PMID:18986546

  6. The Instructional Capacitor

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walton, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Many administrators are so overwhelmed by the basic responsibilities of their daily work that there seems to be little or no time left for providing quality leadership in instruction. Instead, schools employ department chairs, instructional specialists, and coordinators to provide instructional leadership. How can administrators find time in the…

  7. Peer-Mediated Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenbaum, Peter S.

    The concept of peer-mediated instruction (PMI) grew out of the author's earlier research on applying techniques of drill and practice computer-assisted instruction (CAI) to language skills learning. Peer-mediated instruction directs pupils to work in pairs, interacting with one another according to structured pattern of dialogue. This book…

  8. Balanced Literacy Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pressley, Michael; Roehrig, Alysia; Bogner, Kristen; Raphael, Lisa M.; Dolezal, Sara

    2002-01-01

    This article reviews the evidence for balanced literacy instruction in the elementary years. The case is made that the balanced instructional model is particularly appropriate and beneficial for students who have initial difficulties in learning to read and write. Key features of successful reading instruction programs are described. (Contains…

  9. Personalized Systems of Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGaw, Dickinson

    Personalized systems of instruction (PSI), also called individualized instruction or contingency-managed instruction, were developed in the mid-1960s at the college level by Fred Keller, a reinforcement learning theorist. The Keller plan consists of five features: self-pacing, unit mastery, student tutors, optional motivational lectures, and…

  10. Instructional Rounds in Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, John E.

    2012-01-01

    "Instructional Rounds in Action" is an invaluable guide for those involved in implementing instructional rounds as the foundation and framework for systemic improvement in schools. Over the past few years, districts across the United States, Canada, and Australia have begun implementing "instructional rounds," a set of ideas and practices for…

  11. Developing Mobile Based Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Florence; Pastore, Raymond; Snider, Jean

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes an instructional design class's experience developing instruction for the mobile web. The class was taught at a southeastern university in the United States in a master's level computer based instruction course. Two example projects are showcased and student reflections on design issues are highlighted. Additionally,…

  12. Elements of Individualized Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Svara, Ronald

    Although many schools claim to make use of individualized instruction, no common definition of this term has been agreed on. The author reviewed definitions of "individualized instruction" in five studies and then surveyed 30 community and junior colleges who claimed to be using this method of instruction to learn what their programs consisted of.…

  13. Questions in Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usova, George M.; Casteen, Dennis

    This guide for the instructional development team provides an understanding of the educational value of using questions in instructional training materials. It also shows examples and illustrations for incorporating questions into instructional materials (print and video) produced by the Shipyard Training Modernization Program. Background…

  14. The Instructional Capacitor

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walton, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Many administrators are so overwhelmed by the basic responsibilities of their daily work that there seems to be little or no time left for providing quality leadership in instruction. Instead, schools employ department chairs, instructional specialists, and coordinators to provide instructional leadership. How can administrators find time in the…

  15. Instructional Television: Inquiry Method of Instruction in Fifth- and Sixth-Grade Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beets, Mary Mitchell

    The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate television as an instructional medium for teaching creative thinking to fifth and sixth grade students by use of the "inquiry" method of instruction in the area of science. A secondary purpose was to determine the effect of student involvement in the live telecasts on their performance on a test…

  16. Instructional Problem Solving in Staff Development: The Principal's Role as an Instructional Leader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Lawrence E.; Nicklos, Robert E.

    In 1980 the Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania) Public Schools recognized needs for significant improvement in staff evaluation, student achievement, individual school effectiveness, and the clarification of systemwide objectives and expectations. The instructional leadership committee appointed to establish a unified approach to effective instruction

  17. Technology for Early Braille Literacy: Comparison of Traditional Braille Instruction and Instruction with an Electronic Notetaker

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bickford, James O.; Falco, Ruth A.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: The study reported here evaluated whether there was a difference in students' outcomes for braille fluency when instruction was provided with traditional braille media or refreshable braille. Students' and teachers' perceptions of the efficacy of the use of the different instructional media were analyzed. Methods: Nine students from…

  18. The Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of an Electronics Curriculum Using Computer-Assisted Instruction/Computer-Controlled Laboratory at Motlow State Community College, Tullahoma, Tennessee.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hasty, Doyle E.

    Motlow State Community College (MSCC) in Tullahoma, Tennessee, received a federal grant to develop and implement an electronics computer-assisted instruction (CAI) classroom and an electronics computer-controlled laboratory (CCL). A portion of a complete CAI/CCL electronics curriculum developed by NIDA Corporation was developed, implemented, and…

  19. The Development and Evaluation of Self-Instructional Physical Science Materials Based on Piaget's Analysis of the Growth of Logical Thinking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bass, Joel Eugene

    Three self-instructional episodes for use in physical science classes were written and tested with ninth grade students. The development was based on Piaget's learning theory leading students from actions with physical apparatus to the formulation of a mathematical equation. The episodes concerned: (1) equilibrium in a balance; (2) the oscillation…

  20. Evaluation of the Market for Instructional Television and the Effects of Changes in the Communications Industry. Delivery Systems. Final Report. Volume 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathematica, Princeton, NJ.

    A study was prepared for the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (DHEW) on the role DHEW could play in the implementation of instructional television. This volume of the study provides a detailed description of alternative delivery systems. It analyzes the different technical capabilities and component costs of a variety of distribution…

  1. Evaluation of Manual Spelling, Observational and Incidental Learning Using Computer-Based Instruction with a Tablet PC, Large Screen Projection, and a Forward Chaining Procedure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purrazzella, Kimberly; Mechling, Linda C.

    2013-01-01

    The study employed a multiple probe design to investigate the effects of computer-based instruction (CBI) and a forward chaining procedure to teach manual spelling of words to three young adults with moderate intellectual disability in a small group arrangement. The computer-based program included a tablet PC whereby students wrote words directly…

  2. A Project to Develop and Evaluate the Effectiveness of Instructional Materials for the Deaf, Designed to Emphasize the Syntactical Meaning of Words. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krug, Richard F.; Hawkins, Frances P.

    The demonstration project was designed to develop a teaching method and instructional materials that would emphasize syntactic meanings of words for deaf preschool children. The teaching method was developed with a group of six deaf preschool children, and then demonstrated and modified in five other schools for the deaf. The teaching method was…

  3. An Evaluative Study of Instructional Strategies and Pupil Cognitive Learning in an English as a Second Language Program of a Spanish-English Bilingual Education Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramirez, A. R.; Liberty, Paul G., Jr.

    Bilingual education programs for Mexican-American preschool and elementary grade pupils almost invariably include some type of instruction in English as a second language (ESL). Usual ESL Programs for young Spanish-speaking children are found to emphasize pronunciation drill (minimal-a pair drills: pit-bit, choose-shoes). An alternative approach…

  4. An Evaluation of the Instruction Carried out with Printed Laboratory Materials Designed in Accordance with 5E Model: Reflection of Light and Image on a Plane Mirror

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayvaci, Hakan Sevki; Yildiz, Mehmet; Bakirci, Hasan

    2015-01-01

    This study employed a print laboratory material based on 5E model of constructivist learning approach to teach reflection of light and Image on a Plane Mirror. The effect of the instruction which conducted with the designed print laboratory material on academic achievements of prospective science and technology teachers and their attitudes towards…

  5. Evaluating Maintenance Performance: Test Administrator's Manual and Test Subject's Instructions for Criterion Referenced Job Task Performance Tests for Electronic Maintenance. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shriver, Edgar L.; And Others

    This document furnishes a complete copy of the Test Subject's Instructions and the Test Administrator's Handbook for a battery of criterion referenced Job Task Performance Tests (JTPT) for electronic maintenance. General information is provided on soldering, Radar Set AN/APN-147(v), Radar Set Special Equipment, Radar Set Bench Test Set-Up, and…

  6. Division of High Schools: Public Law 100.297 (Formerly 89-313): Instructional Support Program, 1992-93. OREA Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Research, Evaluation, and Assessment.

    The Division of High Schools Public Law 100.297 Instructional Support program serves eligible students, ages 12-21, who have entered New York City public schools after attending state-operated or state-supported settings and who are encountering difficulties adjusting to the high school special education environment. In 1992-93 the program served…

  7. Division of High Schools, Public Law 100.297 (Formerly 89-313) Instructional Support Program, 1993-94. OER Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Educational Research.

    The Division of High Schools Public Law 100.297 Instructional Support program serves eligible students with disabilities, ages 12-21, who have entered New York City public schools after attending state-operated or state-supported settings and who encounter difficulties adjusting to the high school special education environment. In 1993-94 the…

  8. An Evaluation of the Instruction Carried out with Printed Laboratory Materials Designed in Accordance with 5E Model: Reflection of Light and Image on a Plane Mirror

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayvaci, Hakan Sevki; Yildiz, Mehmet; Bakirci, Hasan

    2015-01-01

    This study employed a print laboratory material based on 5E model of constructivist learning approach to teach reflection of light and Image on a Plane Mirror. The effect of the instruction which conducted with the designed print laboratory material on academic achievements of prospective science and technology teachers and their attitudes towards…

  9. Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA), Community School District 2 Special Alternative Instruction Program. Final Evaluation Report, 1992-93. OREA Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Joanne

    Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach (Project CALLA) was a federally funded program serving 960 limited-English-proficient students in 10 Manhattan (New York) elementary schools in 1992-93 its third year of operation. The project provided instruction in English as a Second Language (ESL), mathematics, science, and social studies in…

  10. Classroom Observations: Documenting Shifts in Instruction for Districtwide Improvement. Formative Evaluation Cycle Report for the Math in Common Initiative, Volume 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Rebecca R.; Seago, Nanette M.; Burr, Elizabeth; Broek, Marie; Finkelstein, Neal D.

    2015-01-01

    Math in Common® (MiC) is a five-year initiative that supports a formal network of 10 California school districts as they implement the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics (CCSS-M) across grades K-8. This research brief explores how best to select or develop and use classroom observation systems in order to document instructional shifts and…

  11. Evaluating the Ability of Drama-Based Instruction To Influence the Socialization of Tenth Grade English Students Labeled as "Low Ability."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danielson, Trygve R.

    A study investigated the effect of drama-based instruction on the learning of social skills by student labeled as "low ability" in a 10th-grade required English class in a rural high school. Two separate classes of "low ability" 10th-grade English students in Janesville, Wisconsin, were presented with social skills training utilizing role playing,…

  12. The ABCs of ISD* (*Instructional Systems Design).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenberg, Marc J.

    1982-01-01

    The Instructional Systems Design model is presented. Phases of the model are explained. They are: (1) analysis (organizational, learner, and job needs, and evaluation); (2) design (objectives, specifications, strategies, evaluation); (3) development (evaluation, tests, media, materials); and (4) implementation (instructor characteristics, training…

  13. Advisory List of Instructional Media for Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Educational Media.

    This annotated bibliography from the Materials Review and Evaluation Services lists reviewed and evaluated instructional media appropriate for school media centers in the area of mathematics. Educators should bear in mind that materials included in this list were selected from those which publishers chose to submit for evaluation and may assume…

  14. Advisory List of Instructional Media for Guidance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Educational Media.

    This annotated bibliography from the Materials Review and Evaluation Services lists reviewed and evaluated instructional media appropriate for school media centers in the area of guidance. Educators should bear in mind that materials included in this list were selected from those which publishers chose to submit for evaluation and may assume that…

  15. Instructional television utilization in the United States

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dumolin, J. R.

    1971-01-01

    Various aspects of utilizing instructional television (ITV) are summarized and evaluated and basic guidelines for future utilization of television as an instructional medium in education are considered. The role of technology in education, capabilities and limitations of television as an instructional media system and the state of ITV research efforts are discussed. Examples of various ongoing ITV programs are given and summarized. The problems involved in the three stages of the ITV process (production, distribution, and classroom utilization) are presented. A summary analysis outlines probable trends in future utilization.

  16. AN EVALUATION OF A PROGRESSIVE HIGH-PROBABILITY INSTRUCTIONAL SEQUENCE COMBINED WITH LOW-PROBABILITY DEMAND FADING IN THE TREATMENT OF FOOD SELECTIVITY

    PubMed Central

    Penrod, Becky; Gardella, Laura; Fernand, Jonathan

    2012-01-01

    Few studies have examined the effects of the high-probability instructional sequence in the treatment of food selectivity, and results of these studies have been mixed (e.g., Dawson et al., 2003; Patel et al., 2007). The present study extended previous research on the high-probability instructional sequence by combining this procedure with low-probability demand fading with 2 boys with autism (9 and 10 years old) who had a history of food selectivity and engaged in active food refusal behaviors when presented with novel foods. Response requirements were faded gradually from responses the child would tolerate (e.g., touching the food) to the final requirement of chewing and swallowing the food. The antecedent-based intervention was implemented in the absence of escape extinction and was effective in increasing food consumption for both participants. Possible mechanisms responsible for the effectiveness of the intervention are discussed along with directions for future research. PMID:23060666

  17. ERIP application instructions

    SciTech Connect

    Watt, D.M.

    1992-01-02

    This report provides background information and instructions to assist applicants in writing Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) applications. Initial feedback fro usage for the new instructions shows that the best instructions would not be read and followed by all applicants. Applications from more than thirty applicants who have received the new instructions indicated that few had read the instructions. Based on this feedback, the instructions have been further revised to include a title page and table of contents. A warning was also added to advise applicants of the potential penalty of delayed review if these instructions are not followed. This revision was intended to address the possibility that some applicants did not see or bother to follow the instructions which followed the background information about ERIP. Included are two examples of ERIP applications which have been prepared for handout at workshops or mailing to applicants. Writing of example applications was time consuming and more difficult than expected for several reasons: (1) Full disclosures can be lengthy, very detailed, and technical. This contrasts with the desire to prepare examples which are comparatively short and easy for the non-technical person to read. (2) Disclosures contain confidential information which should not be published. (3) It is difficult to imagine that applicants will study examples when they do not bother to read the basic instructions.

  18. Peer Review of Teaching: Improving College Instruction Through Formative Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keig, Larry W.; Waggoner, Michael D.

    1995-01-01

    Examines use of collaborative college faculty peer review for instructional improvement. Establishes rationales for formative evaluation of teaching, peer review in instructional improvement, and comprehensive faculty evaluation that includes peer review. Examines roles faculty might play in assessing colleagues' teaching; describes five methods…

  19. Evaluating Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zemke, Ron; Armstrong, Judy

    1996-01-01

    In evaluating and selecting multimedia materials to be used in training programs, criteria to consider include content propriety, technology fit, instructional effectiveness, and administrative handiness. (JOW)

  20. Trends in Instructional Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, James W., Ed.

    This collection of five articles presents the viewpoints of experts on various aspects of the field of instructional technology (IT). Wesley C. Meierhenry traces the history of IT from its original emphasis on audiovisual media to its current concern with instructional design and the use of systems and systematic approaches. Henry T. Ingle…

  1. Preparing Instructional Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, David; Lewis, Joe'l

    2011-01-01

    This publication is a "collection" of three separate manuscripts: (1) "A Paradigm Shift in Preparing Instructional Leaders" (published in December 2010); (2) "Transitions" (an introduction to the "Revisited manuscript"); and (3) "A Paradigm Shift in Preparing Instructional Leaders Revisited" (published in June 2011). The 2010 manuscript describes…

  2. Early Literacy Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hiebert, Elfrieda H.; Raphael, Taffy E.

    Designed for teachers, parents, and teacher educators who are looking for an accessible text on the topic of learning to read, this book's comprehensive scope encompasses standards for early literacy instruction, instructional strategies, alternative assessment procedures, strategies for making connections, and ways to integrate children's home…

  3. Content-Based Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CATESOL Journal, 1992

    1992-01-01

    This English-as-a-Second Language (ESL) journal periodical devotes entire issues to specific issues. The theme of this issue is "Content-Base Instruction." Articles include: "Syllabus Design in Content-Based Instruction" (David E. Eskey); "How Relevant Is Relevance?: An Examination of Student Needs, Interests, and Motivation in the Content-Based…

  4. Fundamentals of Library Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAdoo, Monty L.

    2012-01-01

    Being a great teacher is part and parcel of being a great librarian. In this book, veteran instruction services librarian McAdoo lays out the fundamentals of the discipline in easily accessible language. Succinctly covering the topic from top to bottom, he: (1) Offers an overview of the historical context of library instruction, drawing on recent…

  5. High Impact Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Jim

    2013-01-01

    The key to improving student achievement isn't more teacher time--it's more teacher impact. But how do you decide which instructional practices will deliver the most bang for your buck? In this handbook, written for teachers but suitable for use by principals and instructional coaches, best-selling author Jim Knight presents the high-leverage…

  6. Structured Instructional Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Komar, Joseph A.

    1983-01-01

    Compares design of instructional system with that of data processing system, noting similarities (needs analysis, definition of required outputs, identification of inputs, need for design processing, development of procedures, testing, implementation); structured design techniques; and advantages of structured instructional system design. Warnier…

  7. Center for Instructional Computing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of State Colleges and Universities, Washington, DC.

    The Center for Instructional Computing (CIC) at Eastern Michigan University is described in this report. The center serves as a model for making the infusion of innovative uses of microcomputers within instruction a faculty-centered effort. CIC provides a physical facility with IBM and Apple microcomputers dedicated to faculty use, both as a…

  8. Patterns of Composition Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polin, Linda; White, Edward

    1985-01-01

    Draws from date collected in a study of effective college composition instruction to discover six instructional patterns: (1) the literature approach, (2) the peer workshop approach, (3) the individualized workshop approach, (4) the text-based modes approach, (5) the basic skills approach, and (6) the service course approach. (FL)

  9. Instructional Development Paradigms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dills, Charles R., Ed.; Romiszowski, Alexander J., Ed.

    The book consists of 46 chapters by numerous authors, divided into six parts. Part 1, "The Moving Target: Instructional Development from a Philosophical Vantage Point," addresses the questions: To what extent is instructional design in fact a valid and thriving area? and To what extent and in what quarters is it considered to be a dying or…

  10. Computer Designed Instruction & Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces.

    Research findings on computer designed instruction and testing at the college level are discussed in 13 papers from the first Regional Conference on University Teaching at New Mexico State University. Titles and authors are as follows: "Don't Bother Me with Instructional Design, I'm Busy Programming! Suggestions for More Effective Educational…

  11. INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION RESEARCH REPORTS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naval Training Device Center, Orlando, FL.

    SIX EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES AND ONE SURVEY IN INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION ARE COMBINED AND SUMMARIZED TO SHOW AREAS FOR SUCCESSFUL APPLICATION OF TELEVISION TO THE TRAINING OF MILITARY PERSONNEL, AND AREAS REQUIRING FURTHER RESEARCH. A SUMMARY OF RESULTS SHOWS TELEVISION TO BE AS EFFECTIVE OR MORE SO THAN REGULAR INSTRUCTION. HOWEVER, HIGH INITIAL…

  12. High Impact Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Jim

    2013-01-01

    The key to improving student achievement isn't more teacher time--it's more teacher impact. But how do you decide which instructional practices will deliver the most bang for your buck? In this handbook, written for teachers but suitable for use by principals and instructional coaches, best-selling author Jim Knight presents the high-leverage…

  13. Direct Instruction News, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarver, Sara, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    These three issues of a newsletter offer diverse kinds of information deemed to be of interest to Association for Direct Instruction (ADI) members--stories of successful implementations in different settings, write-ups of ADI awards, tips on "how to" deliver direct instruction (DI) more effectively, topical articles focused on particular types of…

  14. Automated Illustration of Patients Instructions

    PubMed Central

    Bui, Duy; Nakamura, Carlos; Bray, Bruce E.; Zeng-Treitler, Qing

    2012-01-01

    A picture can be a powerful communication tool. However, creating pictures to illustrate patient instructions can be a costly and time-consuming task. Building on our prior research in this area, we developed a computer application that automatically converts text to pictures using natural language processing and computer graphics techniques. After iterative testing, the automated illustration system was evaluated using 49 previously unseen cardiology discharge instructions. The completeness of the system-generated illustrations was assessed by three raters using a three-level scale. The average inter-rater agreement for text correctly represented in the pictograph was about 66 percent. Since illustration in this context is intended to enhance rather than replace text, these results support the feasibility of conducting automated illustration. PMID:23304392

  15. Supplemental instruction in chemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lundeberg, Mary A.

    This study was designed to measure some effects of supplemental instruction in chemistry. Supplemental instruction is a peer-led cooperative learning program that encourages students to develop conceptual understanding by articulating both understandings and misconceptions in a think-aloud fashion. Supplemental instruction was offered three hours weekly outside of class and lab time for students in four classes of General Organic and Biological Chemistry. Over a two-year period 108 students volunteered to participate in this program; 45 students did not participate. As measured by final grades in chemistry and responses to a questionnaire, supplemental instruction was effective in increasing students' achievement in chemistry. Further research is needed to determine the in-depth effects of supplemental instruction on students' learning, problem solving, and self-esteem.

  16. New England Instructional Television Research Center (NETREC).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedlander, Bernard Z.; Wetstone, Harriet S.

    Projects of the New England Instructional Television Research Center (NITREC) are summarized in a collection of papers. Objectives, rationale, and program of NETREC are defined, along with methods of formative evaluation during production. Seven videotest research projects cover methods of evaluating communicative effectiveness of primary-grade…

  17. An occupancy-based quantification of the highly imperiled status of desert fishes of the southwestern United States.

    PubMed

    Budy, Phaedra; Conner, Mary M; Salant, Nira L; Macfarlane, William W

    2015-08-01

    Desert fishes are some of the most imperiled vertebrates worldwide due to their low economic worth and because they compete with humans for water. An ecological complex of fishes, 2 suckers (Catostomus latipinnis, Catostomus discobolus) and a chub (Gila robusta) (collectively managed as the so-called three species) are endemic to the U.S. Colorado River Basin, are affected by multiple stressors, and have allegedly declined dramatically. We built a series of occupancy models to determine relationships between trends in occupancy, local extinction, and local colonization rates, identify potential limiting factors, and evaluate the suitability of managing the 3 species collectively. For a historical period (1889-2011), top performing models (AICc) included a positive time trend in local extinction probability and a negative trend in local colonization probability. As flood frequency decreased post-development local extinction probability increased. By the end of the time series, 47% (95% CI 34-61) and 15% (95% CI 6-33) of sites remained occupied by the suckers and the chub, respectively, and models with the 2 species of sucker as one group and the chub as the other performed best. For a contemporary period (2001-2011), top performing (based on AICc ) models included peak annual discharge. As peak discharge increased, local extinction probability decreased and local colonization probability increased. For the contemporary period, results of models that split all 3 species into separate groups were similar to results of models that combined the 2 suckers but not the chub. Collectively, these results confirmed that declines in these fishes were strongly associated with water development and that relative to their historic distribution all 3 species have declined dramatically. Further, the chub was distinct in that it declined the most dramatically and therefore may need to be managed separately. Our modeling approach may be useful in other situations in which targeted data are sparse and conservation status and best management approach for multiple species are uncertain. PMID:25900520

  18. Instructional Design and the Importance of Instructional Alignment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Florence

    2011-01-01

    This paper highlights the instructional design process followed by the Maricopa Community College faculty in the creation of instructional modules in Digital Visual Literacy. The paper categorizes 10 tasks that an instructional designer, a teacher, or a trainer performs during the design phase of the instructional design process. The importance of…

  19. Using "Instructional Routines" to Differentiate Instruction: A Guide for Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kosanovich, Marcia

    2012-01-01

    Differentiated instruction means matching instruction to meet the different needs of learners. To deliver the wide range of instruction required to accommodate differing levels of learners in a classroom, teachers must use data-informed, small group instruction designed specifically to meet students' needs (Kosanovich, Ladinsky, Nelson, Torgesen,…

  20. Modeling Instruction: The Impact of Professional Development on Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barlow, Angela T.; Frick, Tasha M.; Barker, Heather L.; Phelps, Amy J.

    2014-01-01

    Modeling Instruction holds the potential for transforming science instruction and improving student achievement. Key to the success of Modeling Instruction, however, is the fidelity of implementation of its curriculum. This qualitative study examined the impact of Modeling Instruction professional development on participating teachers'…

  1. Profile-assisted instruction scheduling

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, W.Y.; Mahlke, S.A.; Warter, N.J.; Anik, S.; Wen-Mei W. Hwu

    1994-04-01

    Instruction schedulers for superscalar and VLIW processors must expose sufficient instruction-level parallelism to the hardware in order to achieve high performance. Traditional compiler instructure scheduling techniques typically take into account the constraints imposed by all execution scenarios in the program. However, there are additional opportunities to increase instruction-level parallelism for the frequent execution scenarios at the expense of the less frequent ones. Profile information identifies these important execution scenarios in a program. In this paper, two major categories of profile information are studied: control-flow and memory-dependence. Profile-assisted code scheduling techniques have been incorporated into the IMPACT-I compiler. These techniques are acyclic global scheduling and software pipelining. This paper describes the scheduling algorithms, highlights the modifications required to use profile information, and explains the hardware and compiler support for dealing with hazards that arise from aggressive use of profile information. The effectiveness of these profile-based scheduling techniques is evaluated for a range of super-scalar and VLIW processors.

  2. EPIE Instructional Materials Selection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    NASSP Bulletin, 1972

    1972-01-01

    Discusses the instructional medium of 8mm film and the incompatibility problem: standard 8 versus super 8, silent versus sound, cartridge versus reel-to-reel, optical sound versus magnetic sound, and the silent 8mm film loop. (AN)

  3. AVAILABLE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Indiana State Univ., Terre Haute.

    THE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS INCLUDE PROGRAM BROCHURES, CHARTS, COURSE OUTLINES, OVERHEAD TRANSPARENCIES, ASSIGNMENT SHEETS, STUDENT MANUALS, TEACHER MANUALS, TECHNICAL INFORMATION, AND RELATED INFORMATION IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION. A BRIEF NOTE DESCRIBES EACH. (EM)

  4. Individualized Curriculum and Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neufeld, K. Allen, Ed.

    This collection of conference papers by various authors covers the following aspects of individualized curriculum and instruction: (1) research trends, (2) applicability to specific subject areas, and (3) implications for teacher education. (LLR)

  5. Color in Instructional Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loosmore, Judy

    1994-01-01

    Presents guidelines for using color effectively in instructional communication. Topics addressed include an explanation of color mixing; color schemes based on the color wheel; contrast; background, text, and highlights; consistency; symbolic associations; and color testing. (four references) (LRW)

  6. Computer Management of Individualized Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spuck, Dennis W.; And Others

    For the benefit of administrators and instructors, individualized instruction and the role of computers in managing it are outlined. Structural components of individualized instructional programs are identified, and the process of individualized instruction is described. A review of major computer-managed instructional (CMI) systems is provided,…

  7. Tools for Automating Instructional Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kasowitz, Abby

    2000-01-01

    Discusses and describes automated instructional design (AID) tools that assist instructional designers and others in creating instructional products to improve learning. Highlights include expert systems; advisory systems; information management systems; electronic performance support systems; and authoring tools for computer-based instruction.…

  8. Entree dans l'ecrit: objectifs pedagogiques et situations d'evaluation a la fin de l'ecole maternelle (Beginning Writing: Instructional Objectives and Evaluation Situations at the End of the Ecole Maternelle).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goigoux, Roland

    Public policy in France concerning the articulation of preschool education and primary education, particularly in the area of writing readiness and writing instruction, is discussed. A 1989 law expected to define, for the first time, the expected competencies at each educational level, was met with disappointment by early elementary school…

  9. Improving the Learning Outcomes of Preschool-Grade 12 Students with Disabilities through Collaborative Action Research and Data Based Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevin, Ann; Hood, Antonette

    Data based instruction reflects the teachers implementation of a carefully planned system of instruction for a selected learner. The purpose is to provide documentation of the effect of instruction implemented for learner(s) with special needs; evaluate the effect of using specific instructional organization and delivery systems; perform an…

  10. The MICROPIK Model: Choosing Computer Systems for Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wholeben, Brent Edward

    MICROPIK is a multiple-alternatives, criterion-referenced model for evaluating CAI (computer-assisted instruction) software and microcomputer hardware against selected curricular objectives. The model provides decision-modeling control over diverse interactive patterns that occur when computer hardware, courseware, and instructional objectives are…

  11. The Role of Measurement in the Process of Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Jeffrey K.

    Educators are more interested in instruction and learning than in testing per se. If evaluation, the process of gathering information for instructional improvement, could be accomplished without the quantitative, formal processes of measurement and testing, there would be no need for them. Unfortunately, informal processes are more inefficient,…

  12. Developing Career Education; 7-12 Instructional Units.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln. Div. of Vocational Education.

    The guide presents instructional units aimed at developing career education for grades 7-12. Each unit provides detailed objectives, activities, resources, and evaluation methods; several units also include related activities, instructional materials, and worksheets. Topics (arranged by grade in the guide) include: plot development; art; building…

  13. Designing Effective Video Teletraining Instruction: The Florida Teletraining Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Barbara L.; Bramble, William J.

    1996-01-01

    Evaluates the effectiveness of the Florida Teletraining Project, a project that used video teletraining to provide distance education courses to United States military personnel. Describes the instructional methods and strategies used and reports results of performance tests and reactions of students and instructional personnel. Findings indicate…

  14. Instructional Design: A Critical Ingredient in the Distance Education Soup.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dooley, Kim E.; Edmundson, Chris; Hobaugh, Carol

    Instructional design is a critical factor in a successful distance education environment. An efficient design analyzes audience and needs, creates learning goals/objectives, develops materials, methods and media for content delivery, and plans for evaluation and feedback. Design implementation requires certain instructional criteria: (1)…

  15. Precision Measuring Equipment (PME) Individualized Instruction. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, William E.; And Others

    Self-paced programed and audiovisual (AV) instructional materials covering portions of the Air Force course, Precision Measuring Equipment (PME) Specialist, were developed, administered, and evaluated as means of assessing the feasibility of individualizing the PME course as part of the Air Force's Advanced Instructional System (AIS). The…

  16. Integrating Technology into Classroom: The Learner-Centered Instructional Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sezer, Baris; Karaoglan Yilmaz, Fatma Gizem; Yilmaz, Ramazan

    2013-01-01

    In this study, to present an instructional model by considering the existing models of instructional design (ARCS, ADDIE, ASSURE, Dick and Carey, Seels and Glasgow, Smith and Ragan etc.) with the nature of technology-based education and to reveal analysis, design, development, implementation, evaluation, and to revise levels with lower levels of…

  17. Toward a Common Understanding of Research-Based Instructional Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, Deborah; Webb, Mary Ann

    2014-01-01

    A review of available books, articles and on-line resources which deal with "Research-Based Instructional Strategies" will produce a plethora of materials which promote the effectiveness of these strategies on student achievement. Also, a perusal of classroom instruction and teacher evaluation instruments will reveal that many of the…

  18. They Teach Too: A Role for Paraprofessionals in Library Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Diane J.; Grotzky, Marilyn E.

    1995-01-01

    Describes the use of paraprofessional library staff at Aurora Library (Colorado) to teach part of the bibliographic instruction sessions. Highlights include strategic planning, revising the library instruction program to incorporate reduction and still meet the students' educational needs, staff attitudes, and program evaluation and changes. (LRW)

  19. A Computer-Assisted Instructional System for Elementary Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Marthena; And Others

    This pamphlet contains five reports on different aspects of the Oakleaf Small Computer Project. The major objective of the project was to individualize elementary mathematics instruction by using a fully-integrated system of computer-assisted instruction, evaluation, and class management. The curriculum used was based on IPI Mathematics. The…

  20. What Happens During Instruction: Is Any Metaphor Necessary?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scruggs, Thomas E.; Mastropieri, Margo A.

    1998-01-01

    This commentary on C. Addison Stone's paper on the scaffolding metaphor for the learning disabilities field urges that all available literature, rather than a particular metaphor, should be used to evaluate the efficacy of instructional procedures in interpreting findings of instructional research. (Author/DB)