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1

[Drugs and occupational accident].  

PubMed

In a case of a fatal occupational accident (construction worker, fall from roof, urine test positive for cocaine and THC, e.g. cannabis) the question arised to what extent those drug-related occupational accidents occur. In the literature only few cases, mainly dealing with cannabis influence, have been reported, however, a higher number is suspected. Cocaine and other stimulating drugs (amphetamine) are more often used to increase physical fitness. By direct or indirect interference with vigilance these compounds may provoke accidents. Due to the lack of a legal basis proving of the influence of drugs at the working place is still very limited, although highly sensitive chemical-toxicological assay procedures are available to detect even the chronic abuse (in hair). In the general conditions of accident insurances a compensation is excluded when alcohol is involved, but drugs are not mentioned. It is indeed difficult to establish a concentration limit for drugs like that existing for alcohol (1.1%). In each case the assay of the drug involved and exact knowledge of its specific effects is in an essential prerequisite to prove the causal relationship. PMID:8852068

Bratzke, H; Albers, C

1996-02-01

2

Sleep apnea and occupational accidents: Are oral appliances the solution?  

PubMed Central

Background: Dental practitioners have a key role in the quality of life and prevention of occupational accidents of workers with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). Aim: The aim of this study was to review the impact of OSAS, the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy, and the evidence regarding the use of oral appliances (OA) on the health and safety of workers. Materials and Methods: Searches were conducted in MEDLINE (PubMed), Lilacs and Sci ELO. Articles published from January 1980 to June 2014 were included. Results: The research retrieved 2188 articles and 99 met the inclusion criteria. An increase in occupational accidents due to reduced vigilance and attention in snorers and patients with OSAS was observed. Such involvements were related to excessive daytime sleepiness and neurocognitive function impairments. The use of OA are less effective when compared with CPAP, but the results related to excessive sleepiness and cognitive performance showed improvements similar to CPAP. Treatments with OA showed greater patient compliance than the CPAP therapy. Conclusion: OSAS is a prevalent disorder among workers, leads to increased risk of occupational accidents, and has a significant impact on the economy. The CPAP therapy reduces the risk of occupational accidents. The OA can improve the work performance; but there is no scientific evidence associating its use with occupational accidents reduction. Future research should focus on determining the cost-effectiveness of OA as well as its influence and efficacy in preventing occupational accidents. PMID:25568596

Rabelo Guimarães, Maria De Lourdes; Hermont, Ana Paula

2014-01-01

3

Eyewitness Testimony in Occupational Accident Investigations: Towards a Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accident investigation is frequently cited as the cornerstone of an effective occupational health and safety program. We suggest that the literature on accident investigation is based on a model of witnesses as neutral and accurate recording devices. The literature on eyewitness testimony and criminal investigation offers strikingly different conclusions. We review these findings and point to their implication for research

E. Kevin Kelloway; Veronica Stinson; Carla MacLean

2004-01-01

4

[Epidemiologic analysis of occupational accidents using data of the Swiss National Accident Insurance].  

PubMed

The present study is aimed to relate occupational accidents, as recorded by SAIF for 1974, to several risk factors among which the size of industrial enterprises. The results seem to demonstrate that very small enterprises (of less than ten employees) produce the highest rate of occupational accidents and accumulate risk factors. Nevertheless, before going very much further in the comment of results, the authors emphasize the limitations of the available statistical material. Further limitation in planning an ergonomical prevention programme on the basis of those records is to be related to the parameters chosen to explain the genesis of occupational accidents. PMID:7136290

Gressot, M; Rey, P

1982-09-01

5

Occupational accidents and injuries in Thailand.  

PubMed

The Workers' Compensation Fund (WCF) represents only a limited fraction of work-related injuries in the Thai workforce. This cross-sectional study examined 258,986 records from the Thai National Injury Surveillance (NIS) system collected during 2001-2004, focusing on 17,538 injuries coded as work-related. NIS records provided information generally not represented in WCF statistics, such as construction and agriculture. The reported mechanisms in 129 work-related fatalities were particularly informative, including electrical current (27%), transport accidents (20%), and falls (15%). Mortality in transport accidents was dramatically higher when seat belts or motorcycle helmets were not used, whether work-related or not. The findings emphasize the need to use multiple sources of information for a complete picture of work-related injuries in Thailand, and possibly in other countries. The mechanisms of fatal injury indicate areas where focused efforts are warranted. PMID:17915543

Thepaksorn, Phayong; Daniell, William E; Padungtod, Chantana; Keifer, Matthew C

2007-01-01

6

41 CFR 102-74.360 - What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of occupant agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of occupant agencies...Facility Management Accident and Fire Prevention § 102-74.360 What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of occupant...

2010-07-01

7

Work-related accidents and occupational diseases in veterinarians and their staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: We assessed the occupational hazards in veterinary practice by analysing accident insurance data in order to stimulate strategies to prevent occupational accidents and diseases in veterinarians and their staff. Methods: Approximately 10,000 veterinary practices comprising about 27,500 veterinarians and their staff are covered by the Institution of Statutory Accident Insurance of the Health and Welfare Service (BGW). Each year

Albert Nienhaus; Christoph Skudlik; Andreas Seidler

2005-01-01

8

Occupational accidents in professional dance with focus on gender differences  

PubMed Central

Background Classical dance comprises gender specific movement tasks. There is a lack of studies which investigate work related traumatic injuries in terms of gender specific differences in detail. Objective To define gender related differences of occupational accidents. Methods Basis for the evaluation were occupational injuries of professional dancers from three (n?=?785; f: n?=?358, m: n?=?427) state theatres. Results The incidence rate (0.36 per year) was higher in males (m: 0.45, f: 0.29). There were gender specific differences as to the localizations of injuries, particularly the spine region (m: 17.3%, f: 9.8%, p?=?0.05) and ankle joint (m: 23.7%, f: 35.5%, p?=?0.003). Compared to male dancers, females sustained more injuries resulting from extrinsic factors. Significant differences could specifically be observed with dance floors (m: 8.8%, f: 15.1%, p?=?0.02). There were also significant gender differences observed with movement vocabulary. Conclusion The clearly defined gender specific movement activities in classical dance are reflected in occupational accidents sustained. Organisational structures as well as work environment represent a burden likewise to male and female dancers. The presented differences support the development of gender specific injury prevention measures. PMID:24341391

2013-01-01

9

Epidemiology of Occupational Accidents in Iran Based on Social Security Organization Database  

PubMed Central

Background: Background: Today, occupational accidents are one of the most important problems in industrial world. Due to lack of appropriate system for registration and reporting, there is no accurate statistics of occupational accidents all over the world especially in developing countries. Objectives: The aim of this study is epidemiological assessment of occupational accidents in Iran. Materials and Methods: Information of available occupational accidents in Social Security Organization was extracted from accident reporting and registration forms. In this cross-sectional study, gender, age, economic activity, type of accident and injured body part in 22158 registered accidents during 2008 were described. Results: The occupational accidents rate was 253 in 100,000 workers in 2008. 98.2% of injured workers were men. The mean age of injured workers was 32.07 ± 9.12 years. The highest percentage belonged to age group of 25-34 years old. In our study, most of the accidents occurred in basic metals industry, electrical and non-electrical machines and construction industry. Falling down from height and crush injury were the most prevalent accidents. Upper and lower extremities were the most common injured body parts. Conclusion: Due to the high rate of accidents in metal and construction industries, engineering controls, the use of appropriate protective equipment and safety worker training seems necessary. PMID:24719699

Mehrdad, Ramin; Seifmanesh, Shahdokht; Chavoshi, Farzaneh; Aminian, Omid; Izadi, Nazanin

2014-01-01

10

Accident patterns and prevention measures for fatal occupational falls in the construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contributing factors to 621 occupational fatal falls have been identified with respect to the victim's individual factors, the fall site, company size, and cause of fall. Individual factors included age, gender, experience, and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE). Accident scenarios were derived from accident reports. Significant linkages were found between causes for the falls and accident events. Falls

Chia-Fen Chi; Tin-Chang Chang; Hsin-I Ting

2005-01-01

11

Social categories, just world belief, locus of control, and causal attributions of occupational accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workers (N=34), managers (N=35) and safety inspectors (N=33) read descriptions of an occupational accident. In one condition, the accident had serious consequences, in the second\\u000a condition consequences were less severe. Social category has an effect on the attribution of responsibility for the accident.\\u000a Safety inspectors seem inclined to attribute responsibility to the organization whereas managers attribute the lowest level\\u000a of

Herman Steensma; Eveline den Hartigh; Elsbeth Lucardie I

1994-01-01

12

Biomechanical analysis of occupant kinematics in rollover motor vehicle accidents: dynamic spit test.  

PubMed

A better understanding of occupant kinematics in rollover accidents helps to advance biomechanical knowledge and to enhance the safety features of motor vehicles. While many rollover accident simulation studies have adopted the static approach to delineate the occupant kinematics in rollover accidents, very few studies have attempted the dynamic approach. The present work was designed to study the biomechanics of restrained occupants during rollover accidents using the steady-state dynamic spit test and to address the importance of keeping the lap belt fastened. Experimental tests were conducted using an anthropometric 50% Hybrid III dummy in a vehicle. The vehicle was rotated at 180 degrees/second and the dummy was restrained using a standard three-point restraint system. The lap belt of the dummy was fastened either by using the cinching latch plate or by locking the retractor. Three configurations of shoulder belt harness were simulated: shoulder belt loose on chest with cinch plate, shoulder belt under the left arm and shoulder belt behind the chest. In all tests, the dummy stayed within the confinement of the vehicle indicating that the securely fastened lap belt holds the dummy with dynamic movement of 3 1/2" to 4". The results show that occupant movement in rollover accidents is least affected by various shoulder harness positions with a securely fastened lap belt. The present study forms a first step in delineating the biomechanics of occupants in rollover accidents. PMID:15850090

Sances, Anthony; Kumaresan, Srirangam; Clarke, Richard; Herbst, Brian; Meyer, Steve

2005-01-01

13

Coping with occupational stress in an accident and emergency department.  

PubMed

Kingston Regional Hospital's Accident and Emergency Department (A&E), located in a volatile area of Kingston, Jamaica, treats 90-170 patients daily. It does so with limited staff and a potentially stressful work environment. This study explores the factors associated with occupational stress in the Department, and the coping strategies used by the doctors and nurses working there. A pre-tested self-administered questionnaire was completed by 28 (84.8%) of the total population (n = 33) of health personnel working in the A&E. The participants were 15 (53.6%) doctors, eight (28.6%) registered nurses and five (17.8%) enrolled assistant nurses. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 7.5. Qualitative data were analyzed by sorting texts into related themes and describing the ideas of the subjects. The median age was 32 years, range 23-50 years. Median duration of employment in the A&E was three years, range 0.5-22 years. Eighteen (60%) rated the A&E as "stressful". The major sources of stress were the external environment and the amount and quality of the workload. Ninety-six per cent reported experiencing one to seven emotional and physical symptoms. Forty-six per cent also reported behavioural symptoms. The emotional, physical and behavioural symptoms of stress were associated (p < 0.05). The number of behavioural symptoms experienced was associated with age (p < 0.05). The majority (89.2%) of doctors and nurses reported that they were satisfied with their jobs and had no intention of leaving their jobs within a year. This suggested the effectiveness of the reported humour, teamwork and "extracurricular" activities in buffering the effects of stress. Nurses were more likely to be "burned out" than doctors (p = 0.03). The respondents suggested increased monetary compensation, more staff and positive feedback from managers as factors which may relieve work stress. They suggested that organized counselling and stress management programmes would be useful. PMID:15622678

McFarlane, D; Duff, E M W; Bailey, E Y

2004-09-01

14

Recording, notification, compilation, and classification of statistics of occupational accidents and diseases: the Thai experience.  

PubMed

An International Labour Organization (ILO) project was conducted in July and August 1995 in Thailand to assist with the development of an information system on occupational accidents and diseases for the Workmen's Compensation Fund (WCF). The WCF provides cash benefits and medical care to insured workers who suffer employment injuries. The project included literature research based on the facilities of the ILO in Bangkok, and those of the Thai government, and a thorough review of the ILO Code of Practice (the Code) on recording and notification of occupational accidents and diseases, and of other international recommendations on statistics of occupational accidents and diseases. A comparative study of various notification systems of occupational accidents and diseases in Australia, Canada, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States was conducted. The project also included fact-finding sessions among various information suppliers and users in Thailand. The Thai notification form for collecting data for the database was redesigned and pretested. Results of the project indicated that the Code is appropriate for the recording and notification of occupational accidents and diseases in Thailand. In addition, a number of information requirements, which were included in the notification systems in the countries studied but not listed in the Code, were found to be useful for the database. A list of the baseline variables to be included in the proposed database was developed, the notification form was redesigned, and coding schemes for the information collected on the redesigned form were constructed on the basis of international standard classification systems for economic activity, employment status, occupation, nature of injury, occupational disease, body part, type of accident, and agency. A number of mechanisms were suggested for cross-checking the accuracy of data in the database. Based on the review of the Code and other international recommendations on statistical reporting, a list of baseline statistics was formulated for inclusion in the WCF annual report. Lastly, some suggestions for future statistical analysis of the database were given. PMID:8941906

Choi, B C

1996-11-01

15

Organisational Factors of Occupational Accidents with Movement Disturbance (OAMD) and Prevention  

PubMed Central

Workplace design and upkeep, or human factors, are frequently advanced for explaining so-called Occupational Slip, Trip and Fall Accidents (OSTFAs). Despite scientific progress, these accidents, and more broadly Occupational Accidents with Movement Disturbance (OAMDs), are also commonly considered to be “simple”. This paper aims to stimulate changes in such perceptions by focusing on organisational factors that often combine with other accident factors to cause movement disturbance and injury in work situations. These factors frequently lead to arbitration between production and safety, which involves implementation of controls by workers. These controls can lead to greater worker exposure to OAMD risk. We propose a model that focuses on such controls to account specifically for the need to confront production and safety logics within a company and to enhance the potential for appropriate prevention action. These are then integrated into the set of controls highlighted by work organisation model developed by the NIOSH. PMID:25345425

LECLERCQ, Sylvie

2014-01-01

16

Risk Perception and Occupational Accidents: A Study of Gas Station Workers in Southern Brazil  

PubMed Central

The present study aimed to identify the perceptions of gas station workers about physical, chemical, biological and physiological risk factors to which they are exposed in their work environment; identify types of occupational accidents involving gas station workers and; report the development of a socioenvironmental intervention as a tool for risk communication to gas station workers. A quantitative study was performed with 221 gas station workers in southern Brazil between October and December 2010. Data collection was performed between October to December 2010 via structured interviews. The data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0. The participants identified the following risk types: chemical (93.7%), physical (88.2%), physiological (64.3%) and biological (62.4%). In this sample, 94.1% of gas station workers reported occupational accidents, and 74.2% reported fuel contact with the eyes (p < 0.05). It is concluded that workers perceive risks, and that they tend to relate risks with the occurrence of occupational accidents as an indicator of the dangerous nature of their work environment. PMID:22851948

Cezar-Vaz, Marta Regina; Rocha, Laurelize Pereira; Bonow, Clarice Alves; da Silva, Mara Regina Santos; Vaz, Joana Cezar; Cardoso, Letícia Silveira

2012-01-01

17

Individual characteristics in occupational accidents due to imbalance: a case-control study of the employees of a railway company  

PubMed Central

Background: Falls are frequent occupational accidents, and are responsible for a significant amount of lost working time and, more importantly, for a high mortality. The factors involved in falling mechanisms can be of external or individual origin, the latter being less well identified. Aims: To assess the relations between certain individual characteristics and occupational accidents due to imbalance. Methods: A total of 427 male employees, who had been victims of at least one occupational accident with sick leave due to imbalance (cases) and 427 controls were recruited among the employees of a large French railway company. A standardised questionnaire on life conditions and professional factors, and a description of the accidents was filled in by an occupational physician for each subject. Results: Some job categories were more affected by a specific release mechanism of work related falls. Certain individual characteristics such as smoking, alcohol consumption, inactivity, sleep disorders, and request for a job change were correlated with the occurrence of occupational accidents. Sick leaves of eight days or over were more frequent in older and overweight injured workers. Some lesions were linked with the specific fall released mechanisms. Conclusions: Individual characteristics can increase the risk of occupational accidents, especially falling. This study identified subjects most at risk on whom prevention related to working conditions and falls could be focused. PMID:12709517

Gauchard, G; Chau, N; Touron, C; Benamghar, L; Dehaene, D; Perrin, P.; Mur, J

2003-01-01

18

Injury Patterns Compared to Injury Costs in Car to Car Accidents of Belted Occupants with Major Injuries  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper is to give an overview of the injury patterns of belted occupants as a function of different collision scenarios in a major accident sample. 1,100 car to car accidents involving major bodily injuries (AIS 2+) have been analyzed for the research on the injury pattern and injury costs of belted car occupants in isolated frontal, side and rear-end collisions. 41 accidents with airbag-equipped cars fulfilling the selection criteria were analyzed for purposes of comparison.

Hell, Wolfram; Langwieder, Klaus; Sporner, Alexander

1999-01-01

19

Control charts for accident frequency: a motivation for real-time occupational safety monitoring.  

PubMed

This paper quantitatively motivates the need for active monitoring of occupational safety incident data through the use of cumulative sum (CUSUM) control charts. The frequency of incidents within a subset of historical accident data is analysed. The performance of Poisson CUSUM and exponential CUSUM (time-between-events) charts is compared in an illustrative example to show that shorter periods of aggregation and time-between-events monitoring lead to more timely indications of increased accident frequency. An extension showing the anticipated performance of these charts with real-time data is given. Various adjustments to the monitoring system are also simulated to show that quick implementation of hazard controls can significantly impact safety performance. Decreases in the frequency of safety incidents as a result of implemented hazard controls can also be monitored. PMID:23656206

Schuh, Anna; Camelio, Jaime A; Woodall, William H

2014-01-01

20

Transnational dialogues between specialist and institutional knowledge in occupational accident legislation, first half of the twentieth century.  

PubMed

In the early twentieth century, Argentina began legislating occupational safety. Law no.9.688 legislated accidents in the workplace (1915) and granted legal jurisdiction to work-related problems. The approval of this legislation was in dialogue with proposals being produced in other regions. The links established between local figures and colleagues elsewhere are useful for examining the circulation, reception and legitimation of knowledge on a regional scale. The objective of this article is to examine the transnational references in local discussions about occupational accidents in Peru and Chile during the first half of the twentieth century. PMID:25742107

Ramacciotti, Karina Inés

2015-01-01

21

Risk Communication as a Tool for Training Apprentice Welders: A Study about Risk Perception and Occupational Accidents  

PubMed Central

The present study has aimed to identify the perceptions of apprentice welders about physical, chemical, biological, and physiological risk factors to which they are exposed; identify types of occupational accidents involving apprentice welders; and report the development of a socioenvironmental education intervention as a tool for risk communication for apprentice welders. A quantitative study was performed with 161 apprentice welders in Southern Brazil in 2011. Data collection was performed via structured interviews with the apprentice welders about risk perception, occupational accidents, and time experienced in welding. The data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0. The participants identified the following risk types: physical (96.9%), chemical (95%), physiological (86.3%), and biological (51.5%). In this sample, 39.7% of apprentice welders reported occupational accidents and 27.3% reported burning. The inferential analysis showed that the frequency of risk perception factors increases with the length of experience, and apprentice welders who have experienced accidents during welding activity perceive a higher amount of risk factors than those who have never experienced them. It is concluded that apprentice welders perceive risks and that they tend to relate risks with the occurrence of occupational accidents as an indicator of the dangerous nature of their activity. PMID:23326211

Cezar-Vaz, Marta Regina; Bonow, Clarice Alves; Rocha, Laurelize Pereira; de Almeida, Marlise Capa Verde; Severo, Luana de Oliveira; Borges, Anelise Miritz; Vaz, Joana Cezar; Turik, Claudia

2012-01-01

22

Accident patterns and prevention measures for fatal occupational falls in the construction industry.  

PubMed

Contributing factors to 621 occupational fatal falls have been identified with respect to the victim's individual factors, the fall site, company size, and cause of fall. Individual factors included age, gender, experience, and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE). Accident scenarios were derived from accident reports. Significant linkages were found between causes for the falls and accident events. Falls from scaffold staging were associated with a lack of complying scaffolds and bodily action. Falls through existing floor openings were associated with unguarded openings, inappropriate protections, or the removal of protections. Falls from building girders or other structural steel were associated with bodily actions and improper use of PPE. Falls from roof edges were associated with bodily actions and being pulled down by a hoist, object or tool. Falls through roof surfaces were associated with lack of complying scaffolds. Falls from ladders were associated with overexertion and unusual control and the use of unsafe ladders and tools. Falls down stairs or steps were associated with unguarded openings. Falls while jumping to a lower floor and falls through existing roof openings were associated with poor work practices. Primary and secondary prevention measures can be used to prevent falls or to mitigate the consequences of falls and are suggested for each type of accident. Primary prevention measures would include fixed barriers, such as handrails, guardrails, surface opening protections (hole coverings), crawling boards/planks, and strong roofing materials. Secondary protection measures would include travel restraint systems (safety belt), fall arrest systems (safety harness), and fall containment systems (safety nets). PMID:15892934

Chi, Chia-Fen; Chang, Tin-Chang; Ting, Hsin-I

2005-07-01

23

Sleep Apnea: Traffic and Occupational Accidents – Individual Risks, Socioeconomic and Legal Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obstructive sleep apnea has been associated with a high risk for motor vehicle accidents, probably the highest of all risks due to medical conditions. Treatment of sleep apnea with nasal continuous positive airway pressure appears to reduce the risk of traffic accidents to the one of the general population. The risk for accidents may also be increased in untreated patients

Daniel Rodenstein

2009-01-01

24

Occupational vehicular accident claims: A workers’ compensation analysis of Oregon truck drivers 1990–1997  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used workers’ compensation data from Oregon from 1990 to 1997 to examine workers’ compensation claims from vehicular accidents by truck drivers, and to calculate claim rate estimates using baseline data derived from the US Bureau of Census’ Current Population Surveys. During this period, 1168 valid injury claims due to vehicular accidents were filed representing an accident claim rate

Brian P. McCall; Irwin B. Horwitz

2005-01-01

25

Occupational hazards in hospitals: accidents, radiation, exposure to noxious chemicals, drug addiction and psychic problems, and assault.  

PubMed Central

Except for infectious diseases all the main occupational hazards affecting health workers are reviewed: accidents (explosions, fires, electrical accidents, and other sources of injury); radiation (stochastic and non-stochastic effects, protective measures, and personnel most at risk); exposure to noxious chemicals, whose effects may be either local (allergic eczema) or generalised (cancer, mutations), particular attention being paid to the hazards presented by formol, ethylene oxide, cytostatics, and anaesthetic gases; drug addiction (which is more common among health workers than the general population) and psychic problems associated with promotion, shift work, and emotional stress; and assault (various types of assault suffered by health workers, its causes, and the characterisation of the most aggressive patients). PMID:3307896

Gestal, J J

1987-01-01

26

[Classification of enterprises according to degree of accident and occupational disease risk].  

PubMed

The authors suggested approach to classification of enterprises and economy branches according to occupational conditions. Suggestion is to classify by means of quantitative methods based on claster analysis. PMID:11508220

Vorob'ev, M M; Petrosiants, E V

2001-01-01

27

Factors Associated with Fatal Occupational Accidents among Mexican Workers: A National Analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective To identify the factors associated with fatal occupational injuries in Mexico in 2012 among workers affiliated with the Mexican Social Security Institute. Methods Analysis of secondary data using information from the National Occupational Risk Information System, with the consequence of the occupational injury (fatal versus non-fatal) as the response variable. The analysis included 406,222 non-fatal and 1,140 fatal injuries from 2012. The factors associated with the lethality of the injury were identified using a logistic regression model with the Firth approach. Results Being male (OR=5.86; CI95%: 4.22-8.14), age (OR=1.04; CI95%: 1.03-1.06), employed in the position for 1 to 10 years (versus less than 1 year) (OR=1.37; CI95%: 1.15-1.63), working as a facilities or machine operator or assembler (OR: 3.28; CI95%: 2.12- 5.07) and being a worker without qualifications (OR=1.96; CI95%: 1.18-3.24) (versus an office worker) were associated with fatality in the event of an injury. Additionally, companies classified as maximum risk (OR=1.90; CI 95%: 1.38-2.62), workplace conditions (OR=7.15; CI95%: 3.63-14.10) and factors related to the work environment (OR=9.18; CI95%:4.36-19.33) were identified as risk factors for fatality in the event of an occupational injury. Conclusions Fatality in the event of an occupational injury is associated with factors related to sociodemographics (age, sex and occupation), the work environment and workplace conditions. Worker protection policies should be created for groups with a higher risk of fatal occupational injuries in Mexico. PMID:25790063

Gonzalez-Delgado, Mery; Gómez-Dantés, Héctor; Fernández-Niño, Julián Alfredo; Robles, Eduardo; Borja, Víctor H.; Aguilar, Miriam

2015-01-01

28

Mortality from occupational accidents to United Kingdom fishermen 1961-80.  

PubMed Central

After the catastrophic losses of three Hull deep sea trawlers in 1968, the Committee of Inquiry into Trawler Safety (CITS) was established. Fourteen months later, CITS reported on factors affecting the safety of deep sea trawlers and their crews. Pre-CITS (1961-70) and post-CITS (1971-80) crude mortality rates for accidents at work are compared for "deep sea" fishermen (those working on vessels greater than or equal to 24.4 m (80 feet) registered length) and "inshore" fishermen (those working on vessels less than 24.4 m). The ratio of deep sea to inshore fishermen had changed from 1:1.5 (1961) to 1:7.0 (1980), reflecting the radical restructuring of the fishing fleet that began in the early 1970s. Between 1961 and 1980, there were 909 recorded deaths at sea of United Kingdom fishermen. Of these, 711 (78%) were due to accidents (either from vessel losses or personal accidents) and 198 (22%) were due to unspecified disease, homicide, and suicide. Comparison of pre-CITS and post-CITS mean death rates showed an increase (+39%) for deep sea fishermen, a decrease (-4%) for inshore fisherman, and an increase (+2%) for both combined. For deep sea fishermen, there were synchronous increases in mortality from vessel losses (+32%) and from personal accidents (+49%, p less than 0.05) whereas the overall rate for inshore fishermen reflected a decrease (-33%, p less than 0.01) in deaths from personal accidents but an increase (+52%) in deaths from vessel losses. Although pre-CITS mortality rates exhibited no statistically significant difference between deep sea fisherman was significantly greater (p< 0.02). Compared with coal miners, fishermen were, on average, four times more likely to die from accidents at work. If CITS had reasonable cause for concern in 1969, the grounds for similar concern did not diminish because the evidence suggests that deep sea fishermen were at no lesser risk of death from accidents after CITS reported than before. Overall, both groups of fishermen experienced an accident mortality rate between 1961 and 1980 that showed no indication of improvement. PMID:4074652

Reilly, M S

1985-01-01

29

Asbestos-related occupational cancers compensated under the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance in Korea.  

PubMed

Compensation for asbestos-related cancers occurring in occupationally-exposed workers is a global issue; this is also an issue in Korea. To provide basic information regarding compensation for workers exposed to asbestos, 60 cases of asbestos-related occupational lung cancer and mesothelioma that were compensated during 15 yr; from 1993 (the year the first case was compensated) to 2007 by the Korea Labor Welfare Corporation (KLWC) are described. The characteristics of the cases were analyzed using the KLWC electronic data and the epidemiologic investigation data conducted by the Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute (OSHRI) of the Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency (KOSHA). The KLWC approved compensation for 41 cases of lung cancer and 19 cases of mesothelioma. Males accounted for 91.7% (55 cases) of the approved cases. The most common age group was 50-59 yr (45.0%). The mean duration of asbestos exposure for lung cancer and mesothelioma cases was 19.2 and 16.0 yr, respectively. The mean latency period for lung cancer and mesothelioma cases was 22.1 and 22.6 yr, respectively. The major industries associated with mesothelioma cases were shipbuilding and maintenance (4 cases) and manufacture of asbestos textiles (3 cases). The major industries associated with lung cancer cases were shipbuilding and maintenance (7 cases), construction (6 cases), and manufacture of basic metals (4 cases). The statistics pertaining to asbestos-related occupational cancers in Korea differ from other developed countries in that more cases of mesothelioma were compensated than lung cancer cases. Also, the mean latency period for disease onset was shorter than reported by existing epidemiologic studies; this discrepancy may be related to the short history of occupational asbestos use in Korea. Considering the current Korean use of asbestos, the number of compensated cases in Korea is expected to increase in the future but not as much as developed countries. PMID:19367039

Ahn, Yeon-Soon; Kang, Seong-Kyu

2009-04-01

30

A statistical study on temporary work and occupational accidents: Specific risk factors and risk management strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Temporary work, supplied by temporary-help agencies and sometimes referred to as “job in leasing”, was only recently introduced in Italy, and has since spread considerably thanks to its flexibility and cost effectiveness. In this study, trends in the rates of occupational injuries in different sectors of Italian industries in the period 2000–2004 are explored, contrasting direct employment and temporary work.

Bruno Fabiano; Fabio Currò; Andrea P. Reverberi; Renato Pastorino

2008-01-01

31

Effect of Occupational Health and Safety Management System on Work-Related Accident Rate and Differences of Occupational Health and Safety Management System Awareness between Managers in South Korea's Construction Industry  

PubMed Central

Background The study was conducted to investigate the current status of the occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS) in the construction industry and the effect of OHSMS on accident rates. Differences of awareness levels on safety issues among site general managers and occupational health and safety (OHS) managers are identified through surveys. Methods The accident rates for the OHSMS-certified construction companies from 2006 to 2011, when the construction OHSMS became widely available, were analyzed to understand the effect of OHSMS on the work-related injury rates in the construction industry. The Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency 18001 is the certification to these companies performing OHSMS in South Korea. The questionnaire was created to analyze the differences of OHSMS awareness between site general managers and OHS managers of construction companies. Results The implementation of OHSMS among the top 100 construction companies in South Korea shows that the accident rate decreased by 67% and the fatal accident rate decreased by 10.3% during the period from 2006 to 2011. The survey in this study shows different OHSMS awareness levels between site general managers and OHS managers. The differences were motivation for developing OHSMS, external support needed for implementing OHSMS, problems and effectiveness of implementing OHSMS. Conclusion Both work-related accident and fatal accident rates were found to be significantly reduced by implementing OHSMS in this study. The differences of OHSMS awareness between site general managers and OHS managers were identified through a survey. The effect of these differences on safety and other benefits warrants further research with proper data collection. PMID:24422176

Yoon, Seok J.; Lin, Hsing K.; Chen, Gang; Yi, Shinjea; Choi, Jeawook; Rui, Zhenhua

2013-01-01

32

Quantification method analysis of the relationship between occupant injury and environmental factors in traffic accidents.  

PubMed

Injury analysis following a vehicle crash is one of the most important research areas. However, most injury analyses have focused on one-dimensional injury variables, such as the AIS (Abbreviated Injury Scale) or the IIS (Injury Impairment Scale), at a time in relation to various traffic accident factors. However, these studies cannot reflect the various injury phenomena that appear simultaneously. In this paper, we apply quantification method II to the NASS (National Automotive Sampling System) CDS (Crashworthiness Data System) to find the relationship between the categorical injury phenomena, such as the injury scale, injury position, and injury type, and the various traffic accident condition factors, such as speed, collision direction, vehicle type, and seat position. Our empirical analysis indicated the importance of safety devices, such as restraint equipment and airbags. In addition, we found that narrow impact, ejection, air bag deployment, and higher speed are associated with more severe than minor injury to the thigh, ankle, and leg in terms of dislocation, abrasion, or laceration. PMID:21094332

Ju, Yong Han; Sohn, So Young

2011-01-01

33

Descriptive Study of Occupational Accidents and their Causes among Electricity Distribution Company Workers at an Eight-year Period in Iran  

PubMed Central

Background Occupational accidents are unplanned events that cause damage. The socio-economic impacts and human costs of accidents are tremendous around the world. Many fatalities happen every year in workplaces such as electricity distribution companies. Some electrical injuries are electrocution, electric shock, and burns. This study was conducted in an electricity distribution company (with rotational 12-hour shift work) in Iran during an 8-year period to survey descriptive factors of injuries. Methods Variables collected included accident time, age of injured worker, employment type, work experience, injury cause, educational background, and other information about accidents. Results Results indicated that most of the accidents occurred in summer, and 51.3% were during shift work. Worker negligence (malpractice) was the cause of 75% of deaths. Type of employment had a significant relationship with type of injuries (p < 0.05). Most injuries were electrical burns. Conclusion High rate of accidents in summer may be due to the warm weather or insufficient professional skills in seasonal workers. Shift workers are at risk of sleep complaints leading to a high rate of work injuries. Acquiring knowledge about safety was related to job experiences. Temporary workers have no chance to work all year like permanent workers, therefore impressive experiences may be less in them. Because the lack of protective equipment and negligence are main causes of accidents, periodical inspections in workshops are necessary. PMID:24106647

Rahmani, Abdolrasoul; Khadem, Monireh; Madreseh, Elham; Aghaei, Habib-Allah; Raei, Mehdi; Karchani, Mohsen

2013-01-01

34

Occupational Clusters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 15 occupational clusters (transportation, fine arts and humanities, communications and media, personal service occupations, construction, hospitality and recreation, health occupations, marine science occupations, consumer and homemaking-related occupations, agribusiness and natural resources, environment, public service, business and office…

Pottawattamie County School System, Council Bluffs, IA.

35

[Occupational risk according to occupational traumatism parameters in Russia].  

PubMed

The article covers analysis of occupational traumatism in Russia over 2009 in concern with economic activity types, with small enterprises accent. Based on method adapted to national information sources and assessing statistics reliability in countries with imperfect accounting, the authors demonstrated that with various hypotheses occupational accidents risk in Russian Federation is considerably higher than the registered one. PMID:22702129

Tikhonova, G I; Churanova, A N; Gorchakova, T Iu

2012-01-01

36

[Hand and occupational diseases].  

PubMed

Hand is frequently the site of work accidents or occupational diseases. The musculoskeletal upper limb is the first recognized occupational disease and carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common of them. The most common location of occupational dermatoses is the hand. Their causes are often multifactorial, involving chemical irritants, physical, allergens and endogenous factors (mainly atopic dermatitis). Occupational exposure to microtrauma and iterative use of vibrating tools may also be the cause of hypothenar hammer syndrome and acrosyndromes. The frequent chronicity and functional impairment induced by these attacks can cause lasting disabilities, an inability to source workstation. Occupational physician is a focal point for helping to maintain the position and the prevention of socioprofessional disinsertion. Many pathologies of the hand related to professional activity may benefit from a statement in occupational disease and thus allow the patient to obtain compensation and employment protection. Prevention of occupational hand diseases should be made by all health actors, especially in occupations and industries at risk. PMID:24134812

Bensefa-Colas, Lynda; Choudat, Dominique

2013-12-01

37

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY PSY 992 Occupational Health and Safety  

E-print Network

, musculoskeletal injuries, workplace aggression and violence, workplace health promotion programs and the role-being. Specific topics covered include occupational stress and burnout, workplace safety and accidents

Liu, Taosheng

38

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy 2013 - 2014 STUDENT of Occupational Therapy 11 Professional Organizations 11 College of Occupational Therapists of British Columbia Therapists (WFOT) 12 Canadian Occupational Therapy Foundation (COTF) 13 Canadian Society of Occupational

Michelson, David G.

39

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy 2014 - 2015 STUDENT and Therapy Equipment 10 Definition of Occupational Therapy 11 Professional Organizations 11 College) 11 World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT) 12 Canadian Occupational Therapy Foundation

Ollivier-Gooch, Carl

40

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy 2013 - 2014 STUDENT and Therapy Equipment 10 Definition of Occupational Therapy 11 Professional Organizations 11 College) 11 World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT) 12 Canadian Occupational Therapy Foundation

Michelson, David G.

41

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy 2012 - 2013 STUDENT HANDBOOK #12;2012-2013 MOT Student Handbook Master of Occupational Therapy Program Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy University of British Columbia Page | 1 CONTENTS Part I

Handy, Todd C.

42

Helicopter accident survivability.  

PubMed

Army Air Corps accident and fatality rates have now reached levels which compare favourably with data from other civilian and military sources. This improvement is the result of enhanced helicopter design and parallel progress in aircrew training. The introduction of new generations of turbine powered rotor craft has largely eliminated mechanical failure as the cause of accident. As a result 75% of Army Air Corps accidents are due to pilot error. This contribution is likely to increase in the future as the pilot's task is made more difficult by the incumberance of personal equipment. Methods whereby occupant protection and aircraft crashworthiness can be improved are reviewed and it is concluded that it would make sound economic sense to implement some of these well proven design features. PMID:6527344

Vyrnwy-Jones, P; Thornton, R

1984-10-01

43

Occupational Therapy Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

people function in their homes after illness or injury. In industrial settings, you could aid disabled and possibilities are endless! Program The UWM OT program has a rich history in Occupational Therapy education centers Nursing homes Adult day care centers Mental health settings Private practice Corporations

Saldin, Dilano

44

Occupational Myths  

E-print Network

OCCUPATIONAL MYTHS George Ritzer University of Kansas Myths abound in occupational life, but the topic of myths has generally been neglected by occupational sociologists. This paper attempts to rectify the omission. It is contended that we find... myths at points of occupational stress and the myths are used by workers to cope with the stress. Six broad occupational types are discussed in this paper: pro fessions, semi-professions, managers, white collar clerical workers, low status employees...

Ritzer, George

1971-04-01

45

Occupational Injury Patterns of Turkey  

PubMed Central

Introduction and aim Each year, a significant number of people die or become handicapped due to preventable occupational accidents or occupational diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate socio-demographic features, mechanism, causes, injury area, and sectoral features of occupational accidents in patients presented to our department. Materials and methods The study was carried out retrospectively after local ethics committee approval. Age and sex of the patients, mechanism of injury, type and exact location of injuries were all evaluated. The groups were compared using Chi-Square test, Student’s T test and Kruskall-Wallis test. p value <0.05 was accepted as statistically significant. Results Totally 654 patients were included in the study. 93.4% of patients were male, and mean age was 32.96?±?5.97 (18–73) years. Sectoral distribution of accidents was statistically significant and mostly occurred in industrial and construction workers (p?occupational accidents according to injury type was statistically significant (p?occupational injury was $1729.57?±?8178.3. There was statistically significant difference between the sectors with respect to cost. Seventy-one patients (10.9%) recovered with permanent sequel and two (0.3%) died in hospital. Conclusion Occupational accidents are most commonly seen in young males, especially in primary school graduated workers, and during daytime period. PMID:24373156

2013-01-01

46

Pattern of accident distribution in the telecommunications industry.  

PubMed Central

Examination of the accident records from the telecommunication industry covering some 100 000 engineers over a 12-month period showed that 25% of accidents resulting in more than three days' sick leave gave rise to back injuries. Handling accidents and falls accounted for 65% of three-day-plus accidents; handling accidents alone gave rise to 65% of back injuries. The absolute numbers of accidents have been compared with the total population of engineers to estimate the effects of age or occupation on levels of hazard; certain occupations constituting 33% of the engineers' population suffered 70% of all three-day-plus accidents. Accidents occurred most frequently in the group aged from 31 to 48 years. Other significant factors affecting the occurrence of accidents were time of year and duty experience of the workers. PMID:7426467

Davis, P R; Sheppard, N J

1980-01-01

47

Morbidity and mortality of car occupants: comparative survey over 24 months  

Microsoft Academic Search

The severity of injuries sustained by 2577 car occupants in road traffic accidents in the catchment area of one district accident service during February 1982 to January 1984 inclusive was assessed using the injury severity score system. In the first 12 months the mean injury severity score for front seat occupants injured in a road traffic accident was 4.94 and

M S Christian

1984-01-01

48

[INAIL recourse in occupational diseases].  

PubMed

The following paper examines the issue of the specific action of recourse brought by the National Insurance Accidents at work (INAIL) for occupational diseases by examining the regulatory framework and the diachronic evolution of the Court's legitimacy in the matter. The authors focus on the most frequent cases and highlight the orientation adopted by the administrative office in the matter. PMID:25558733

Zavallonil, Marco; Astengo, Rossana; Battaglia, Alessandra; Lenzi, Anna Maria

2014-01-01

49

Occupational Asthma  

MedlinePLUS

Share | Occupational Asthma: Tips to Remember Occupational asthma is caused by inhaling fumes, gases, dust or other potentially harmful substances while "on the job." Often, your symptoms are worse during the ...

50

Occupational Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... et al [2003]. Priorities for development of research methods in occupational cancer. Environ Health Perspect 111:1-12. Boffetta P [2004]. Epidemiology of environmental and occupational cancer. Oncogene. 23:6392- ...

51

Occupational Skin Diseases in Korea  

PubMed Central

Skin disease is the most common occupational disease, but the reported number is small in Korea due to a difficulty of detection and diagnosis in time. We described various official statistics and data from occupational skin disease surveillance system, epidemiological surveys and cases published in scientific journals. Until 1981, 2,222 cases of occupational skin disease were reported by Korean employee's regular medical check-up, accounting for 4.9% of the total occupational diseases. There was no subsequent official statistics to figure out occupational skin diseases till 1998. From 1999, the Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency (KOSHA) published the number of occupational skin diseases through the statistics of Cause Investigation for Industrial Accidents. A total of 301 cases were reported from 1999 to 2007. Recent one study showed the figures of compensated occupational skin diseases. Many of them belonged to daily-paid workers in the public service, especially forestry workers. Also, it described the interesting cases such as vitiligo and trichloroethylene-induced Stevens-Johnson Syndrome. Skin diseases are still important though the number of cases has decreased, and therefore it is recommended to grasp the status of occupational skin diseases through continuous surveillance system and to make policy protecting high-risk group. PMID:21258591

Kim, Min-Gi

2010-01-01

52

Occupational Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When choosing a career, jobseekers often want to know which occupations offer the best prospects. Generally, occupations that have rapid job growth, many new jobs, or many job openings--and good wages--promise better opportunities. This article shows how employment in particular occupations is projected to change over the 2008-2018 decade. The…

Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2010

2010-01-01

53

Occupational Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When choosing a career, jobseekers often want to know which occupations offer the best prospects. Generally, occupations that have rapid job growth, many new jobs, or many job openings--and good wages--promise better opportunities. This paper shows how employment in particular occupations is projected to change from 2010 to 2020. It presents…

Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

2012-01-01

54

Nuclear accidents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Accidents at nuclear power plants can be especially devastating to people and the environment. This article, part of a series about the future of energy, introduces students to nuclear accidents at Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and Tokaimura. Students explore the incidents by examining possible causes, environmental impacts, and effects on life.

Iowa Public Television. Explore More Project

2004-01-01

55

Occupational asthma.  

PubMed

Occupational asthma is defined as "a disease of variable airflow limitations and/or airway hyper-responsiveness due to causes and conditions attributable to a particular occupational environment and not stimuli that are being encountered outside the workplace." An analysis of general population-based studies published up to 2007 showed that 17.6% of all adult-onset asthma is due to workplace exposures. In this article, Different aspects of occupational asthma are briefly reviewed. PMID:23022823

Voelter-Mahlknecht, S F

2011-04-01

56

Supplemental national crash severity study accident reconstruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accident data was collected that allows determination of the relationships between occupant injury and accident severity. The measure of severity most commonly used to characterize an accident is the velocity change experienced by the passenger compartment during the collision. In some 52 percent of the accidents contained in the pre-April 1978 National Crash Severity Study (NCSS) data file, these velocity changes were established with the CRASH computer program. A substantial number of the remaining cases were reconstructable with other methods. Procedures were developed to estimate velocity changes in two car accidents in which the damage to 484 additional accidents from the pre-April 1978 NCSS file were reconstructed to the point of having velocity change estimates for the vehicles involved.

Segal, D. J.; McGrath, M. T.; Balasubramanian, N.

1980-09-01

57

Nuclear accidents.  

PubMed

A nuclear accident with radioactive contamination can happen anywhere in the world. Because expert nuclear emergency teams may take several hours to arrive at the scene, local authorities must have a plan of action for the hours immediately following an accident. The site should be left untouched except to remove casualties. Treatment of victims includes decontamination and meticulous wound debridement. Acute radiation syndrome may be an overwhelming sequela. PMID:7072574

Mobley, J A

1982-05-01

58

Occupational Asthma  

PubMed Central

Bronchospasm is a common cause of morbidity in the workplace. More than 100 agents are now recognized as occupational causes of asthma and numerous agents can cause exacerbations of preexisting asthma. Because of the large number of potential causative agents and the complexity of modern industrial processes, knowledge of the characteristic clinical features of occupational asthma is the key to recognizing this disease. Early diagnosis of occupational asthma is important in preventing long-term morbidity. Present evidence that prolonged exposure to some work-encountered agents can cause asthma that persists for years after the end of exposure suggests that avoidance is the only acceptable countermeasure against this disease. PMID:7164429

Sheppard, Dean

1982-01-01

59

Occupational Health  

MedlinePLUS

Occupational health problems occur at work or because of the kind of work you do. These problems can include ... by exposure to radiation Exposure to germs in health care settings Good job safety and prevention practices ...

60

Occupational Therapists  

MedlinePLUS

... More Info Summary Occupational therapists carry out treatment plans to help patients with a variety of daily ... a patient's condition and needs Develop a treatment plan for patients, laying out the types of activities ...

61

Occupational deaths and injuries in the construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study concerned with the characteristics of occupational deaths and injuries in the construction industry of South Korea. The national statistics of industrial accidents in the years 1991–1994 were extracted from the annual publications of the Ministry of Labor. These data were analyzed in terms of the size of company, age of injured person, work experience, accident type, injury type,

Byung Yong Jeong

1998-01-01

62

Inherent occupational health assessment during basic engineering stage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each year more people die from work-related diseases than are killed in industrial accidents. Therefore it is essential to evaluate occupational health aspect during the process design. Early evaluation of safety, health, and environmental (SHE) performance is advantageous, since the opportunities to make the process inherently benign are greater and the cost therefore lower. The methods for occupational health assessments

Mimi H. Hassim; Markku Hurme

2010-01-01

63

[Occupational epidemiology].  

PubMed

The aim of occupational epidemiology is to describe workplace-related diseases and to identify their underlying causes. Its primary goal is to protect workers from hazardous effects of the working process by applying work-related primary and secondary prevention measures. To assess health risks different study designs and a wide array of complex study instruments and methods are frequently employed that cannot be replaced by toxicological investigations. This paper primarily addresses health risks by agent exposures. In this context a central task of occupational epidemiology is careful assessment of exposure. Different data sources, such as work site measurements, register data, archive material, experts' opinion, and the workers' personal estimates of exposure may be used during this process. In addition, biological markers can complement exposure assessment. Since thorough occupational epidemiologic studies allow assessment of disease risks under realistic exposure conditions, their results should be more frequently used to derive workplace-related threshold limit values. PMID:18311483

Ahrens, W; Behrens, T; Mester, B; Schmeisser, N

2008-03-01

64

School Bus Accidents: Reducing Incidents and Injuries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of children injured in nonfatal school bus accidents annually is more than double the number previously estimated. In Ohio alone, approximately 20,800 children younger than 18 were occupants of school buses that were involved in crashes in 2003 and 2004 (McGeehan 2007). Among those children, most had minor or no injuries. However, there…

Mahoney, Daniel

2009-01-01

65

Does Post-Accident Drug Testing Reduce Injuries? Evidence from a Large Retail  

E-print Network

Does Post-Accident Drug Testing Reduce Injuries? Evidence from a Large Retail Chain Alison D on occupational injury claims of a recently implemented post-accident drug testing (PADT) program in a large of the observed decline could be caused by employees' reduced willingness to report workplace accidents. (JEL D21

Bou-Zeid, Elie

66

OCCUPATIONAL CANCERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental factors play a big role in the formation of cancer. According to what we know today, 80% of cases of cancer are caused by the effects of environmental factors. Included among the environmental factors are those that can be found in the workplace and occupational factors. The first comprehensive investigation in this field was conducted by R. Doll and

Nazmi Bilir

67

OCCUPATIONAL ENDORSEMENTS  

E-print Network

human services), then the credits you earn from each UA institution will be counted toward fulfillment residency requirements are the minimum number of credits you must earn from the campus where you earn occupational training in a specific field. These programs are 9­29 credit hours and will be posted

Ickert-Bond, Steffi

68

OCCUPATIONAL ENDORSEMENTS  

E-print Network

human services), then the credits you earn from each UA institution will be counted toward fulfillment residency requirements are the minimum number of credits you must earn from the campus where you earn occupational training in a specific field. These programs are 9 ­ 30 credit hours and will be posted

Ickert-Bond, Steffi

69

[Occupational cardiovascular diseases and phlebopathies].  

PubMed

The focus of the occupational physician to diseases of the cardiovascular system has always been high in relation to the presence in the work of specific risk factors, but also because of the high incidence and prevalence of disease in the general population cardiology chronic-degenerative diseases. The non-specificity and multifactorial diseases of the cardiovascular system, make an etiologic diagnosis of occupational disease extremely difficult. For this reason, increasingly, the occupational physician is faced with the specialist cardiologist on diseases that can be defined as work-related. Among the clinical conditions most frequently encountered by the occupational physician, considered to include hypertension, ischemic heart disease and arrhythmias. Exposure to work risk factors such as: high or low temperatures, the MMC, exposure to electromagnetic fields, and also those related to organization and psycho-social, including night work and work-related stress related, or exposure to chemicals such as organic solvents, especially halogenated, or nitrates, or carbon monoxide, are an aggravating factor in the clinical context of cardiovascular disease primarily unrelated to the etiology. All this underlines also the issue of fitness to work with high risk of accidents for the worker himself and to others, especially the suspension work, driving of vehicles in general, the roles of monitoring and oversight to senior management. From the above, the importance of careful assessment by the occupational physician and the need for good cooperation with the specialist cardiologist, for the formulation of the assessment of suitability for specific tasks. PMID:21438248

Picciotto, D

2010-01-01

70

Occupational asthma.  

PubMed Central

Occupational asthma is probably much more common than is generally realized. Though many causes have been described, undoubtedly many more are yet to be recognized. One of the diagnostic difficulties lies in the fact that in most forms of this disease a late asthmatic reaction occurs in the evening rather than at work. The pathogenetic mechanisms differ in various forms of occupational asthma. In some, an immunologic mechanism is likely; in others, a "pharmacologic" action of the offending agent is implicated. Asthma due to inhalation of dusts of western red cedar, isocyanates, detergent enzymes and textiles is considered in detail. Periodic examination of workers at risk is of value for early diagnosis and prevention of irrversible airway obstruction. PMID:766943

Chan-Yeung, M.; Grzybowski, S.

1976-01-01

71

Occupational asthma.  

PubMed

Occupational asthma is probably much more common than is generally realized. Though many causes have been described, undoubtedly many more are yet to be recognized. One of the diagnostic difficulties lies in the fact that in most forms of this disease a late asthmatic reaction occurs in the evening rather than at work. The pathogenetic mechanisms differ in various forms of occupational asthma. In some, an immunologic mechanism is likely; in others, a "pharmacologic" action of the offending agent is implicated. Asthma due to inhalation of dusts of western red cedar, isocyanates, detergent enzymes and textiles is considered in detail. Periodic examination of workers at risk is of value for early diagnosis and prevention of irrversible airway obstruction. PMID:766943

Chan-Yeung, M; Grzybowski, S

1976-03-01

72

Chronic cough due to occupational factors  

PubMed Central

Within the large variety of subtypes of chronic cough, either defined by their clinical or pathogenetic causes, occupational chronic cough may be regarded as one of the most preventable forms of the disease. Next to obstructive airway diseases such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which are sometimes concomitant with chronic cough, this chronic airway disease gains importance in the field of occupational medicine since classic fiber-related occupational airway diseases will decrease in the future. Apart from acute accidents and incidental exposures which may lead to an acute form of cough, there are numerous sources for the development of chronic cough within the workplace. Over the last years, a large number of studies has focused on occupational causes of respiratory diseases and it has emerged that chronic cough is one of the most prevalent work-related airway diseases. Best-known examples of occupations related to the development of cough are coal miners, hard-rock miners, tunnel workers, or concrete manufacturing workers. As chronic cough is often based on a variety of non-occupational factors such as tobacco smoke, a distinct separation into either occupational or personally -evoked can be difficult. However, revealing the occupational contribution to chronic cough and to the symptom cough in general, which is the commonest cause for the consultation of a physician, can significantly lead to a reduction of the socioeconomic burden of the disease. PMID:16722562

Groneberg, David A; Nowak, Dennis; Wussow, Anke; Fischer, Axel

2006-01-01

73

Chronic cough due to occupational factors.  

PubMed

Within the large variety of subtypes of chronic cough, either defined by their clinical or pathogenetic causes, occupational chronic cough may be regarded as one of the most preventable forms of the disease. Next to obstructive airway diseases such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which are sometimes concomitant with chronic cough, this chronic airway disease gains importance in the field of occupational medicine since classic fiber-related occupational airway diseases will decrease in the future. Apart from acute accidents and incidental exposures which may lead to an acute form of cough, there are numerous sources for the development of chronic cough within the workplace. Over the last years, a large number of studies has focused on occupational causes of respiratory diseases and it has emerged that chronic cough is one of the most prevalent work-related airway diseases. Best-known examples of occupations related to the development of cough are coal miners, hard-rock miners, tunnel workers, or concrete manufacturing workers. As chronic cough is often based on a variety of non-occupational factors such as tobacco smoke, a distinct separation into either occupational or personally -evoked can be difficult. However, revealing the occupational contribution to chronic cough and to the symptom cough in general, which is the commonest cause for the consultation of a physician, can significantly lead to a reduction of the socioeconomic burden of the disease. PMID:16722562

Groneberg, David A; Nowak, Dennis; Wussow, Anke; Fischer, Axel

2006-01-01

74

Occupational health in South Korea.  

PubMed

The government-initiated Annual Workers Health Examination Program and the Industrial Accident Compensation Program both of which are delivered from outside the workplace mainly by a handful of service agents have remained the cornerstones of occupational health and safety (OHS) policy in South Korea since the 1960s. Initially, policies centered on the technical dimensions of OHS problems. This acultural approach is no longer efficient, and the scope of problems that can be dealt with is limited. The injury rate has gone down from 6 to less than 1 injury per 100 insured workers, but since the 1980s there has been no sign of improvement in the death rate from industrial accidents, and future improvement in the injury rate is not expected. As South Korea is facing major economic and social changes, review of current OHS policy is also underway. International collaborations and comparisons will surely add thoughtful perspectives to this discussion. PMID:12028950

Paek, Domyung; Hisanaga, Naomi

2002-01-01

75

Increased occupational radiation doses: nuclear fuel cycle.  

PubMed

The increased occupational doses resulting from the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident that occurred in Ukraine in April 1986, the reactor accident of Fukushima that took place in Japan in March 2011, and the early operations of the Mayak Production Association in Russia in the 1940s and 1950s are presented and discussed. For comparison purposes, the occupational doses due to the other two major reactor accidents (Windscale in the United Kingdom in 1957 and Three Mile Island in the United States in 1979) and to the main plutonium-producing facility in the United States (Hanford Works) are also covered but in less detail. Both for the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident and the routine operations at Mayak, the considerable efforts made to reconstruct individual doses from external irradiation to a large number of workers revealed that the recorded doses had been overestimated by a factor of about two.Introduction of Increased Occupational Exposures: Nuclear Industry Workers. (Video 1:32, http://links.lww.com/HP/A21). PMID:24378501

Bouville, André; Kryuchkov, Victor

2014-02-01

76

Portrait of Occupational Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The profession of occupational therapy promotes individuals to achieve health and wellness through engagement in meaningful occupations of daily living. This occupation focused profession plays a critical role in health care in a multitude of settings with a wide range of clients. This paper highlights a global overview of the philosophies of occupational therapy, the current international practices in occupational

Sandra Rogers

2005-01-01

77

Evaluation of occupational fatalities among underground coal mine workers through hierarchical loglinear models.  

PubMed

Despite the all precautions, underground coal mining is one of the dangerous industries owing to fatal occupational accidents. Accidents are complicated events to which many factors effect on their formation and preventing them is only possible by the analyses of the accident occurred in past and by straight evaluation of the obtained results. In this study, hierarchical loglinear analysis method was implemented to occupational fatalities occurred in the period of 1980-2004 in the five underground coal mines of Turkish Hardcoal Enterprises which has the most important coal production areas in Turkey. The accident records were evaluated and the main factors affecting the accidents were defined as mine, miners' age, occupation, and accident type. By taking into account the sub factors of the main factors, multi way contingency tables were prepared and thus, the probabilities might effect fatality accidents were investigated. At the end of this study, it was found that the mostly affected job group by the fatality accidents was the production workers and additionally, these workers were mostly exposed to roof collapses and methane explosions. Moreover, important accident risk factors and the occupational job groups which have high probability to be exposed to these risk factors were determined and important information about decreasing the accidents in the underground coal mines were presented. PMID:20616472

Onder, Mustafa; Adiguzel, Erhan

2010-01-01

78

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY  

E-print Network

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Department of Occupational Health and Safety Revised December 2009 #12;Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Management System 1. Introduction.............................................................................................................. 3 2.2 Management of Health and Safety

79

About Occupational Therapy  

MedlinePLUS

... of conditions to other professionals. Occupational Therapy and Ethics 4 4 Find information about ethical occupational therapy ... Industry Manage Your Practice Evidence-Based Practice & Research Ethics Occupational Therapy Assistants Advocacy & Policy Congressional Affairs AOTPAC ...

80

[Health problems related to occupational activities].  

PubMed

Statistical data obtained from insurance companies give certainly a good picture of work effects on health in the field of accidents. This is different for occupational diseases, which are more difficult to diagnose and which are recognized on the basis of medicolegal criteria. Statistics do not involve other aspects than diseases, such as discomfort, ergonomical questions, psychophysiological consequences and situations where there is a limited role of occupation. Prevention of work related health problems has to consider these characteristics and needs to be based on risk analysis, a prospective procedure. The advantage of such an approach is the possibility of adjustment to a changing work environment and to new technologies. PMID:8279200

Boillat, M A

1993-01-01

81

Occupational Classification System Manual  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Researchers may gain insight into the Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Bureau occupational codes via the Occupational Classification System Manual (OCSM). A list of Major Occupation Group titles (MOGs) is provided as well as links to the Census Occupation Index--an alphabetical list of approximately 30,000 occupational titles. Further guidance in locating the proper occupation classification for research queries is outlined in the articles "Using the OCSM" and "Using the Census Index."

82

Occupational reactions to foods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The spectrum of occupational diseases most commonly seen in the food industry includes occupational asthma, rhinitis, conjunctivitis,\\u000a dermatitis, and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Occupational asthma represents between 3% and 20% of all asthma cases and is\\u000a the most common form of occupational lung disease. Occupational skin diseases may represent between 10% and 15% of all occupational\\u000a diseases, and they have significant economic

Matthew Aresery; Samuel B. Lehrer

2002-01-01

83

Epidemiology of Accidents in Tile Factories of Mangalore City in Karnataka  

PubMed Central

Background: Occupational accidents are a major point of concern in industries. The academic community should take the first step to address the long-neglected concerns of occupational safety. Objective: To assess the prevalence and pattern of occupational accidents. Materials and Methods: A record-based, cross-sectional study was done in three tile factories of Mangalore city, in Karnataka. A total of 416 workers were analyzed for the year 2004, and data regarding age, sex, job duration, type and nature of injury, body parts involved, and time of injury were collected in a prestructured proforma. Statistical Analysis: Proportions, Chi-square test, Univariate and Multivariate analysis. Results: The overall prevalence rate of accidents was found to be 18.5%. It was found that almost around 86% of the accidents had affected the limbs (upper limb 24.7%, lower limb 61%), around half (52%) of the injuries were contributed by superficial injuries, 40% of accidents were due to stepping/striking against objects and while handling. Hand tools and machinery in motion contributed to around 20% of the accidents. Accidents were more common among the younger age group and less-experienced workers. Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that the age group of 30-39 years had an independent significant association with accidents (OR = 0.21, P = 0.04). Conclusion: Accidents in tile industries are an important occupational health problem in this area of the country. There is a need for proper safety training of the workers. PMID:20606926

Kumar, S Ganesh; Rathnakar, UP; Harsha Kumar, HN

2010-01-01

84

76 FR 589 - Proposed Extension of Existing Information Collection; Mine Accident, Injury, Illness, Mine...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...efforts of MSHA and the mining industry. Accident, injury, and illness data, when correlated with...effectively using historical data. The information collected...reliable occupational data available concerning the mining industry. Section...

2011-01-05

85

Occupational hazards at the work place  

PubMed Central

Industrial accidents and injuries are prevalent amongst the industrialised world. Accident related research has long attempted to find common denominators among the human and environmental antecedents of occupational hazards. Chemical substances can adversely effect one or several of the body systems, with resulting symptoms which may not fit in a specific disease pattern. While occupational health physicians will be familiar with hazards of particular industries, general physicians or chiropractic clinicians may easily overlook industrial poisoning as a cause of symptoms because of its relative rarity. Even though awareness of chiropractic and use of chiropractic care has been increasing, there are still millions of Canadians who know little or nothing about chiropractic and are not part of its utilization profile.

Dhami, MSI; Vernon, H

1985-01-01

86

[Prevention of accidents caused by construction work].  

PubMed

Descriptive data on occupational accidents and diseases in the field of construction and particularly among builders are reported. They derive from publications of the National Insurance Institute for Occupational Accidents (INAIL) and refer to the Italian and Umbrian situation. Data show that the number and the severity of the accidents in this field are of great concern. The characteristics of the building work in our areas are too peculiar as the work is carried out in small building sites and lasts for a short period of time; subcontracting and piecework are widely diffused; health surveillance is nearly absent. One must take into account all of these characteristics when prevention programs are to be planned. Intervention priority must be given to a) information on occupational risks of contractors and workers; b) first level prevention; c) control and inspection activity. In this respect the A.A. report the results of the watch activity in 703 erecting yards by one to health unit's Department for the health security, safety and welfare of persons at work (period May 1985 - May 1988). The A.A. define a type of organization to achieve a continual intervention in the erecting yards. PMID:2484490

Costabile, F; Bauleo, F A; Mancini, A; Gigli, M; Martinelli, D; Taglia, L

1989-01-01

87

Occupational health hazards of mine workers*  

PubMed Central

Mining has always been among the most hazardous of occupations, and with the increasing demand for coal and minerals safety in mines assumes even greater importance. This article describes the present situation with regard to conditions in mines, the diseases and disabilities resulting from them, and measures that can be taken to prevent or treat them. The hazards covered are: accidents, dust (including poisoning by certain ores), high temperature and humidity, noise and vibration, toxic gases, and miscellaneous other hazards. PMID:307452

Cho, K. S.; Lee, S. H.

1978-01-01

88

Forensic nursing. Applications in the occupational health setting.  

PubMed

1. Nurses are inherent investigators through the use of observation, data gathering, and documentation techniques. 2. Occupational health nurses may be involved in assisting with or evaluating workplace accidents, injuries, and deaths. These investigations may be the only critical information gathered. 3. Accurate and through investigations are critical for clients, physicians, insurance companies, medical investigators, law enforcement, legal proceedings, and the company. Utilizing improper techniques during accident investigations could potentially dismiss a litigation case or lead to hazardous situations. 4. The occupational health nurse can improve practices related to investigations by understanding and learning more about forensic nursing. PMID:9043220

Pozzi, C L

1996-11-01

89

Applying data mining techniques to explore factors contributing to occupational injuries in Taiwan's construction industry.  

PubMed

Construction accident research involves the systematic sorting, classification, and encoding of comprehensive databases of injuries and fatalities. The present study explores the causes and distribution of occupational accidents in the Taiwan construction industry by analyzing such a database using the data mining method known as classification and regression tree (CART). Utilizing a database of 1542 accident cases during the period 2000-2009, the study seeks to establish potential cause-and-effect relationships regarding serious occupational accidents in the industry. The results of this study show that the occurrence rules for falls and collapses in both public and private project construction industries serve as key factors to predict the occurrence of occupational injuries. The results of the study provide a framework for improving the safety practices and training programs that are essential to protecting construction workers from occasional or unexpected accidents. PMID:22664684

Cheng, Ching-Wu; Leu, Sou-Sen; Cheng, Ying-Mei; Wu, Tsung-Chih; Lin, Chen-Chung

2012-09-01

90

Shift work and employee fatigue: implications for occupational health nursing.  

PubMed

Long work hours and irregular shifts are part of the nation's 24-hour society and contribute to employee fatigue. Factors affecting employee fatigue are circadian rhythm, sleep quality and quantity, individual health, the environment, and work tasks. Employee fatigue contributes to accidents and injuries, and affects occupational performance, safety, and health. These findings should be used by occupational health nurses to address fatigue management and develop comprehensive fatigue management programs. PMID:24971821

Yumang-Ross, Doreen J; Burns, Candace

2014-06-01

91

Occupant Protection Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics include occupant protection overview with a focus on crew protection during dynamic phases of flight; occupant protection collaboration; modeling occupant protection; occupant protection considerations; project approach encompassing analysis tools, injury criteria, and testing program development; injury criteria update methodology, unique effects of pressure suits and other factors; and a summary.

Bopp, Genie; Somers, Jeff; Granderson, Brad; Gernhardt, Mike; Currie, Nancy; Lawrence, Chuck

2010-01-01

92

Occupation and Divorce  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analyses of the combined General Social Surveys for 1972-1983 are used to estimate propensity to divorce (proportion of ever-married persons who have ever been divorced or legally separated) for major occupational categories and for selected occupations. Separate analyses for males and females show significant estimated effects of occupation on propensity to divorce even when occupational prestige, age, age at first

THEODORE N. GREENSTEIN

1985-01-01

93

Occup Environ Med . Author manuscript Occupational asthma and occupational rhinitis: the united airways disease  

E-print Network

effects ; chemistry ; Asthma, Occupational ; epidemiology ; etiology ; Female ; FrancOccup Environ Med . Author manuscript Page /1 8 Occupational asthma and occupational rhinitis associations between rhinitis and asthma, little is known about the relationships between occupational rhinitis

Boyer, Edmond

94

[History of the radiation damage in occupations].  

PubMed

In the year following Röntgen`s discovery of X-rays in 1895, approximately 60 cases of hand dermatitis and hair loss induced by radiation were reported. People using X-rays in their occupation, including X-ray tube manufacturers, physicians, and engineers, experienced chronic radiation dermatitis and were the first to be diagnosed with occupational radiation exposure. Reports of later appearing disorders, including skin cancer, suffered by doctors and engineers, were regarded as serious occupational diseases. In the 1910's, blood disorders, including leukemia, in people with occupational exposure to radiation came into focus. Dial painters applying radium to watches with a luminous dial clock face suffered osteomyelitis from about 1914. Other radiation damage reports include radiation death and carcinogenesis in the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident in 1986, and radiation death in the Tokai-mura JCO accident in 1999. The details of radiation damage in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 2011 have not yet been reported, but must be followed in the future. PMID:24633182

Okazaki, Ryuji

2014-03-01

95

Nuclear Power Plant Accidents  

MedlinePLUS

NUCLEAR POWER PLANT ACCIDENTS Nuclear power plants have safety and security procedures in place and are closely monitored by the ... a plume). What are the main dangers of nuclear power plant accidents? Radioactive materials in the plume from the nuclear ...

96

Occupational Health and Safety Manual  

E-print Network

Occupational Health and Safety Manual #12;1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 York University Occupational Health and Safety Policy and Programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Occupational Health and Safety Legislation

97

Accident Research Helps Save Lives of Loggers Research Brief # 33  

E-print Network

, but no accidents of this kind were reported for 2003 for machine operators. However, half of the truck driver of the Strategic Partnership Agreement between logging companies and the federal Occupational Safety & Health in 2001. The major problem areas/factors are repairs and maintenance, age, mounting/dismounting trucks

98

Epidemiologic characteristics of compensated occupational lung cancers among Korean workers.  

PubMed

An understanding of the characteristics of occupational lung cancer is important to establish policies that prevent carcinogen exposure and to compensate workers exposed to lung carcinogens. This study analyzed the characteristics of occupational lung cancers in workers who were compensated under the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Law between 1994 and 2011. A total of 179 occupational lung cancers were compensated. The main carcinogenic exposure was asbestos, followed by crystalline silica and hexavalent chromium. The mean exposure duration and latency were 19.8 and 23.2 yr. The most common industry was manufacturing, followed by construction and transportation. The most common occupation was maintenance and repair, followed by foundry work, welding, painting, and spinning or weaving. Although asbestos was predominant carcinogen, the proportion of these cases was relatively low compared to other developed countries. Proper surveillance system is needed to monitor occupational lung cancer and improve prevention measures. PMID:25408577

Ahn, Yeon-Soon; Jeong, Kyoung Sook

2014-11-01

99

26 CFR 31.3121(a)(2)-1 - Payments on account of sickness or accident disability, medical or hospitalization expenses, or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...expenses in connection with sickness or accident disability of an...receives a payment on account of sickness or accident disability...respect to the same period of absence from work. (4) If an employee...of non-occupational injury sickness or accident disability...

2010-04-01

100

Newsletter of The Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

OT LENS Newsletter of The Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Autumn 2013 Mentors Four dedicated and enthusiastic Occupational Therapy Fieldwork Educators were nominated back to her profession and was described by occupational therapy students as an excellent fieldwork

Handy, Todd C.

101

Zero-inflated Poisson modeling to evaluate occupational safety interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the data collected on occupational safety involves accident or injury counts. Traditional approaches to analyzing this type of population-based count data, including the Poisson model and the Negative Binomial model, do not take into consideration the relatively few events and hence, many observed zeros. In this paper, we propose a Zero-Inflated Poisson (ZIP) model to evaluate the effectiveness

Philip J. W. Carrivick; Andy H. Lee; Kelvin K. W. Yau

2003-01-01

102

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Occupational Therapy Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended to serve as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in jobs in occupational therapy. Agency partners involved in this project include: the Illinois State board of Education, Illinois Community College…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

103

Occupational Noise Exposure Facts  

MedlinePLUS

... noise to end it. Occupational Noise Facts Noise + Music Facts Recreational Noise Facts Airport Noise Facts Noise ... noise to end it. Occupational Noise Facts Noise + Music Facts Recreational Noise Facts Airport Noise Facts Noise ...

104

Occupational Radiation Exposures  

Cancer.gov

DCEG researchers are studying cancer risks among populations who are occupationally exposed to radiation. Chernobyl Clean-up Workers Mayak Nuclear Facility Workers U.S. Radiologic Technologists Interventional Fluoroscopists Print This Page Occupational

105

Debbie Rand Department of Occupational  

E-print Network

Debbie Rand Department of Occupational Therapy University of Haifa Haifa, Israel Rachel Kizony Department of Occupational Therapy University of Haifa Haifa, Israel & School of Occupational Therapy Hadassah-Hebrew University Jerusalem, Israel Uri Feintuch School of Occupational Therapy Hadassah

Rizzo, Albert "Skip"

106

Health Occupations Cluster Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist the vocational teacher in designing and implementing a cluster program in health occupations, this guide suggests ideas for teaching the specific knowledge and skills that qualify students for entry-level employment in the health occupations field. The knowledge and skills are applicable to 12 occupations: dental assistant;…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

107

Occupational Employment Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

US occupations are featured in this information-rich resources from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The 1996 Occupational Employment Statistics Survey differs from previous surveys in that it includes wage data by occupation for the first time. The site contains a description of the survey and complete national and state data for 760 occupations in seven major areas. Included are occupation title, number of employees, hourly mean and median wage, and an OES code number that provides information about the occupation and its employment distribution by wage range where surveyed (distribution is for the national survey only). An occupational search engine is forthcoming. The site also contains information about previous OES surveys back to 1988.

108

Nuclear criticality accidents.  

PubMed

Criticality occurs when a sufficient quantity of fissionable material is accumulated, and it results in the liberation of nuclear energy. All process accidents have involved plutonium or highly enriched uranium, as have most of the critical experiment accidents. Slightly enriched uranium systems require much larger quantities of material to achieve criticality. An appreciation of criticality accidents should be based on an understanding of factors that influence criticality, which are discussed in this article. PMID:1962246

Smith, D R

1991-01-01

109

Laser accidents: Being Prepared  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the Laser Safety Officer and any laser safety program is to prevent a laser accident from occurring, in particular an injury to a person's eyes. Most laser safety courses talk about laser accidents, causes, and types of injury. The purpose of this presentation is to present a plan for safety offices and users to follow in case of accident or injury from laser radiation.

Barat, K

2003-01-24

110

Listing Occupational Carcinogens  

PubMed Central

The occupational environment has been a most fruitful one for investigating the etiology of human cancer. Many recognized human carcinogens are occupational carcinogens. There is a large volume of epidemiologic and experimental data concerning cancer risks in different work environments. It is important to synthesize this information for both scientific and public health purposes. Various organizations and individuals have published lists of occupational carcinogens. However, such lists have been limited by unclear criteria for which recognized carcinogens should be considered occupational carcinogens, and by inconsistent and incomplete information on the occupations and industries in which the carcinogenic substances may be found and on their target sites of cancer. Based largely on the evaluations published by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, and augmented with additional information, the present article represents an attempt to summarize, in tabular form, current knowledge on occupational carcinogens, the occupations and industries in which they are found, and their target organs. We have considered 28 agents as definite occupational carcinogens, 27 agents as probable occupational carcinogens, and 113 agents as possible occupational carcinogens. These tables should be useful for regulatory or preventive purposes and for scientific purposes in research priority setting and in understanding carcinogenesis. PMID:15531427

Siemiatycki, Jack; Richardson, Lesley; Straif, Kurt; Latreille, Benoit; Lakhani, Ramzan; Campbell, Sally; Rousseau, Marie-Claude; Boffetta, Paolo

2004-01-01

111

Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy Faculty of Medicine  

E-print Network

1 Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy Faculty of Medicine Master of Science in Occupational Therapy GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK 2013-2014 Revision: October 2013 Information in this Handbook to welcome you to the MScOT program in the Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy

Sokolowski, Marla

112

Estimation of an Occupational Choice Model when Occupations Are Misclassified  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper develops an empirical occupational choice model that corrects for misclassification in occupational choices and measurement error in occupation-specific work experience. The model is used to estimate the extent of measurement error in occupation data and quantify the bias that results from ignoring measurement error in occupation codes…

Sullivan, Paul

2009-01-01

113

Abstract--Many people die each year in car accidents because of damaged tires. There are some techniques that have  

E-print Network

. INTRODUCTION AMAGED tires are the main reason for rollover car accidents [1]. Rollover crashes are just 2Abstract--Many people die each year in car accidents because of damaged tires. There are some% of the crashes in US, but 33% of the occupant fatalities are caused because of rollover crashes; this means more

Wiseman, Yair

114

Occupational Safety Review of High Technology Facilities  

SciTech Connect

This report contains reviews of operating experiences, selected accident events, and industrial safety performance indicators that document the performance of the major US DOE magnetic fusion experiments and particle accelerators. These data are useful to form a basis for the occupational safety level at matured research facilities with known sets of safety rules and regulations. Some of the issues discussed are radiation safety, electromagnetic energy exposure events, and some of the more widespread issues of working at height, equipment fires, confined space work, electrical work, and other industrial hazards. Nuclear power plant industrial safety data are also included for comparison.

Lee Cadwallader

2005-01-31

115

Occupational lung cancer  

SciTech Connect

The author addresses the attribution of lung cancer to cigarette smoking and the problems of confounding synergistic effects of occupational and other carcinogenic risk factors, as well as the divergent trends of declining smoking rates and increasing rates of lung cancer. He also reviews the existing literature to document associations between lung cancer and occupational exposures. Finally, interventions for prevention of occupational lung cancer are discussed.

Cone, J.E.

1987-04-01

116

LES ACCIDENTS DE DECOMPRESSION  

E-print Network

LES ACCIDENTS DE DECOMPRESSION LES EFFETS DE L'IMMERSION SUR LE PLONGEUR LES ACCIDENTS DE DECOMPRESSION LE TRAITEMENT IMMEDIAT : POURQUOI ? CONCLUSION #12;EFFETS DE L'IMMERSION SUR LE PLONGEUR : 1- SUR DECOMPRESSION : 1- LES LOIS PHYSIQUES : RAPPELS 2- LA MALADIE DE DECOMPRESSION 3- LES FORMES CLINIQUES DES ADD

Jacquet, Stéphan

117

Civil aircraft accident investigation.  

PubMed

This talk reviews some historic aircraft accidents and some more recent. It reflects on the division of accident causes, considering mechanical failures and aircrew failures, and on aircrew training. Investigation results may lead to improved aircraft design, and to appropriate crew training. PMID:24057309

Haines, Daniel

2013-01-01

118

The Tokaimura Nuclear Accident  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 1999 accident at the Tokaimura nuclear fuel processing plant near Tokyo is the context for a student discussion on nuclear power and the consequences of a nuclear accident. The case covers issues ranging from chemical process safety to risk management

Michael E. Ryan

2001-09-01

119

Occupational cancer in Italy.  

PubMed Central

This article is a discussion of occupational cancer in Italy. The introduction provides the necessary context of Italian industrialization and occupational health regulation. This is followed by a review of Italian epidemiologic studies of occupational cancer risks considered in terms of relative measures of risk and attributable risk of carcinogenic agents or exposure circumstances. We attempt to establish the number of workers exposed to carcinogens in Italy and the intensity of their exposures. Finally, the Italian system of compensation for occupational cancer is discussed. Several cohort and case-control studies have addressed the issue of occupational risks, mostly among male workers. The results of these studies suggest that the growing incidence of and mortality by mesothelioma is explained by the widespread and intense exposure to asbestos in some Italian industrial settings. A high attributable risk of lung tumors among male populations in industrial areas of northern Italy is explained by occupational exposures. However, insufficient data are available for clear definition of the extent and intensity of occupational exposure to carcinogenic substances. In Italy, we must prioritize and maximize resources in occupational cancer epidemiology and revitalize the role of national institutions. Recent legislation has established new regulations on the handling of carcinogenic substances in industrial settings, a new list of occupational diseases, and a national registry of mesothelioma linked to asbestos exposure. These legislative changes are expected to have positive effects. PMID:10350509

Merler, E; Vineis, P; Alhaique, D; Miligi, L

1999-01-01

120

Analysis of Construction Accidents in Turkey and Responsible Parties  

PubMed Central

Construction is one of the world’s biggest industry that includes jobs as diverse as building, civil engineering, demolition, renovation, repair and maintenance. Construction workers are exposed to a wide variety of hazards. This study analyzes 1,117 expert witness reports which were submitted to criminal and labour courts. These reports are from all regions of the country and cover the period 1972–2008. Accidents were classified by the consequence of the incident, time and main causes of the accident, construction type, occupation of the victim, activity at time of the accident and party responsible for the accident. Falls (54.1%), struck by thrown/falling object (12.9%), structural collapses (9.9%) and electrocutions (7.5%) rank first four places. The accidents were most likely between the hours 15:00 and 17:00 (22.6%), 10:00–12:00 (18.7%) and just after the lunchtime (9.9%). Additionally, the most common accidents were further divided into sub-types. Expert-witness assessments were used to identify the parties at fault and what acts of negligence typically lead to accidents. Nearly two thirds of the faulty and negligent acts are carried out by the employers and employees are responsible for almost one third of all cases. PMID:24077446

GÜRCANLI, G. Emre; MÜNGEN, U?ur

2013-01-01

121

[Medicolegal and compensation scientific approach to automobile accident].  

PubMed

Multiple injuries are frequently observed over the whole body of traffic victims in medico-legal autopsy cases. The assessment of a traffic casualty must include not only the victim but also the vehicle and the circumstances of the accident. Only consideration of all available data permits a better assessment of the mechanism of the crash and causation of injuries. J. M. Thevenet drove the first car carried from France to Japan on February 6, 1898. On October 28th, 1905, the first death by a road traffic accident occurred in Osaka. We performed a retrospective analysis of 279 traffic fatalities examined by medico-legal autopsy in Niigata that occurred over a twenty-two-year period from 1980 to 2001. All persons who had an ICD-10 code were grouped by 153 pedestrians, 43 pedal cyclists, 20 motorcycle riders, 45 car occupants, 11 occupants of pick-up trucks or vans, 4 occupants of heavy transport vehicles and 3 others. The average of ISS (injury scale score) is 40.7 in pedestrians, 26.7 in pedal cyclists, 32.4 in motorcycle riders, 25.1 in car occupants, 16.5 in occupants of pick-up trucks or vans, 24.0 in heavy transport vehicles and 69.0 in others. Rib fractures were observed in 170 cases (60.9%) and the frequency of other injuries was shown in Table 2. Criminal Punishment for drivers involved in 261 traffic accidents amounted to 35 sentences of imprisonment (13.4%), 46 suspension of execution of sentence (17.6%) and 60 sentence of fine (23.0%). Forty prone pedestrians run over by cars showed high ethanol levels in their blood. It was necessary to identify the driver of a vehicle in twelve car accidents and simulation with a computer is very useful. The average of ISS was 34.0 in ten drivers and 22.0 in fourteen fellow passengers. Four sudden natural deaths of drivers at the wheel, eight cases of death immediately after and from one day to five months after road traffic accidents, nine suicides and one intentional accident are excluded from traffic death. Both a medico legal and scientific compensation approach to automobile accident is now necessary. PMID:12415831

Yamanouchi, Haruo

2002-09-01

122

Welding. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), which is one of a series of OCAPs developed to identify the skills that Ohio employers deem necessary to entering a given occupation/occupational area, lists the occupational, academic, and employability skills required of individuals entering the occupation of welder. The introduction explains…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

123

OCCUPATIONAL ASPIRATION SCALE FOR FEMALES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

OCCUPATIONAL TITLES USABLE IN ASSESSING OCCUPATIONAL GOALS OFSENIOR HIGH SCHOOL FEMALES WERE SELECTED AS THE FIRST STEP IN ESTABLISHING AN OCCUPATIONAL ASPIRATION SCALE FOR FEMALES. A LIST OF 117 OCCUPATIONAL TITLES, COMPILED FROM THREE PREVIOUS STUDIES AND "THE DICTIONARY OF OCCUPATIONAL TITLES," WAS RATED ON A SIX-LEVEL SCALE AS TO ITS GENERAL…

JEFFS, GEORGE A.

124

The UBC Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

The UBC Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy in conjunction with Celebrate Learning Week presents a Conversations on Occupation Café Wednesday,November 2,2011 from 7:30 to 9:30 pm

Handy, Todd C.

125

Occupational cancer in europe  

PubMed

This monograph summarizes the current research on the epidemiology and prevention of occupational cancer in Europe. Eleven peer-reviewed articles offer a composite view of the current status and future perspectives of this discipline at a time of major economic and political changes in Europe. The monograph includes a brief history of occupational cancer research in Europe and the current burden of cancer from occupational exposure. A large portion of the monograph is devoted to reviews of occupational cancer in various European countries or groups of countries. The first two reviews describe those regions with the strongest tradition of research in the field: the Nordic countries and the United Kingdom. These countries are characterized by high-quality cancer registries and routinely collected information on occupation, e.g., on the occasion of censuses, allowing record linkage studies. Four articles address the situation in the remaining large Western European countries--France, Germany, Italy, and Spain. Although these countries have a strong tradition in occupational health research, with the possible exception of Spain, their epidemiologic research dates back only to the 1970s and 1980s; in recent years, however, research on occupational cancer has expanded considerably. The last two articles of the geographic overview describe the occupational cancer research in the Central European countries and the European territories of the Commonwealth of Independent States. The authors of these two articles critically review the available data on occupational cancer from former Socialist countries and provide reliable information on the extent and amount of occupational exposure to carcinogens. The two final articles of the monograph address specific thematic issues: the importance of asbestos as an occupational carcinogen in Europe and the use of routinely collected data to investigate occupational cancer in women, based on the experience in England and Wales. Despite the heterogeneity of these articles, which reflects to a large extent the differences in quality and completeness of the available data on occupational cancer, they represent an original attempt to provide a systematic overview of occupational cancer research in Europe. This publication is originally a partial result of two projects on occupational cancer in Europe funded by the European Commission, Directorate General XII (grants BMH1-CT92-1110 and BMH1-CT95-1100) and has been expanded to include non-European Union countries. PMID:10350503

Boffetta; Kogevinas

1999-05-01

126

Occupations and the Farm.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes "occupation" as a Montessori term, which the Hershey Montessori Farm School, in Huntsburg, Ohio, has adopted for any task arising from the needs of the farm that then generates a scientific or historic study. Includes lists of occupations pursued during 2000-2001 and samples of record forms students used to manage their work. (Author/KB)

Ewert-Krocker, Laurie

2001-01-01

127

Occupational Health Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to be used for "Administrative Aspects of Occupational Medicine," one of two officer correspondence courses offered by the Naval Medical Training Institute. Part one comprises guidelines for setting up occupational health clinics, covering the areas of staffing, layout, equipment, other services, and records maintenance.…

Naval Medical Training Inst., Bethesda, MD.

128

Testosterone and Occupational Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Archival data on 4,462 military veterans linked higher levels of serum testosterone to lower-status occupations. A structural equation model was supported in which higher testosterone, mediated through lower intellectual ability, greater antisocial behavior, and lower education, leads away from white-collar occupations. Contains 49 references.…

Dabbs, James M., Jr.

1992-01-01

129

Occupational asthma: a review.  

PubMed Central

Occupational asthma is the most common form of occupational lung disease in the developed world at the present time. In this review, the epidemiology, pathogenesis/mechanisms, clinical presentations, management, and prevention of occupational asthma are discussed. The population attributable risk of asthma due to occupational exposures is considerable. Current understanding of the mechanisms by which many agents cause occupational asthma is limited, especially for low-molecular-weight sensitizers and irritants. The diagnosis of occupational asthma is generally established on the basis of a suggestive history of a temporal association between exposure and the onset of symptoms and objective evidence that these symptoms are related to airflow limitation. Early diagnosis, elimination of exposure to the responsible agent, and early use of inhaled steroids may play important roles in the prevention of long-term persistence of asthma. Persistent occupational asthma is often associated with substantial disability and consequent impacts on income and quality of life. Prevention of new cases is the best approach to reducing the burden of asthma attributable to occupational exposures. Future research needs are identified. PMID:10931788

Lombardo, L J; Balmes, J R

2000-01-01

130

Persistence of airline accidents.  

PubMed

This paper expands on air travel accident research by examining the relationship between air travel accidents and airline traffic or volume in the period from 1927-2006. The theoretical model is based on a representative airline company that aims to maximise its profits, and it utilises a fractional integration approach in order to determine whether there is a persistent pattern over time with respect to air accidents and air traffic. Furthermore, the paper analyses how airline accidents are related to traffic using a fractional cointegration approach. It finds that airline accidents are persistent and that a (non-stationary) fractional cointegration relationship exists between total airline accidents and airline passengers, airline miles and airline revenues, with shocks that affect the long-run equilibrium disappearing in the very long term. Moreover, this relation is negative, which might be due to the fact that air travel is becoming safer and there is greater competition in the airline industry. Policy implications are derived for countering accident events, based on competition and regulation. PMID:20618386

Barros, Carlos Pestana; Faria, Joao Ricardo; Gil-Alana, Luis Alberiko

2010-10-01

131

Occupational infection in Korea.  

PubMed

Occupational infection is a human disease caused by work-associated exposure to microbial agents through human and environmental contact. According to the literature, occupational infection was the third leading cause of occupational disease (861 cases, 8.0%), and health care, agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers were risk groups in Korea. In addition, most high-risk groups have not been protected by workers' compensation, which could lead to underestimation of the exact spectrum and magnitude of the problem, and may also result in a lack of development and implementation of occupational infection management. Through a review of national guidelines and documentations on prevention and control of occupational infection, a management strategy would promote adherence to worker safety regulations if it is explicit with regard to the agent and mode of infection in each of the high-risk groups. PMID:21258592

Chung, Yun Kyung; Ahn, Yeon-Soon; Jeong, Jae Sim

2010-12-01

132

Occupational Infection in Korea  

PubMed Central

Occupational infection is a human disease caused by work-associated exposure to microbial agents through human and environmental contact. According to the literature, occupational infection was the third leading cause of occupational disease (861 cases, 8.0%), and health care, agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers were risk groups in Korea. In addition, most high-risk groups have not been protected by workers' compensation, which could lead to underestimation of the exact spectrum and magnitude of the problem, and may also result in a lack of development and implementation of occupational infection management. Through a review of national guidelines and documentations on prevention and control of occupational infection, a management strategy would promote adherence to worker safety regulations if it is explicit with regard to the agent and mode of infection in each of the high-risk groups. PMID:21258592

Ahn, Yeon-Soon; Jeong, Jae Sim

2010-01-01

133

Perspectives in Occupational Dermatology  

PubMed Central

Because large surface areas of the skin are exposed directly to the environment, skin is an organ particularly vulnerable to occupationally induced disease. Statistics show that, excluding accidental injury, nearly half of all occupational illnesses occur in this organ; a fourth of all workers suffering from occupational skin disease lose an average of 10 to 12 workdays. The constant evolution of new industrial chemicals and methods of manufacture continue to bring new skin hazards and disease into the workplace. Occupational health physicians and practitioners, who usually have minimal training in dermatology, must diagnose and treat unfamiliar diseases in a setting of even less familiar, often overwhelming, technology. A thorough understanding of cutaneous defense mechanisms, clinical patterns of occupational skin disease and methods for establishing accurate diagnoses is essential. PMID:6219498

Mathias, C. G. Toby; Maibach, Howard I.

1982-01-01

134

Occupations: Military--Civilian Occupational Source Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information on enlisted military occupations is offered in the source book to arrive at a comprehensive statement of job tasks in the military service and their similarities to jobs in civilian life. Basic information about five areas of the U.S. military services (Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard) focuses on their military…

Armed Forces Vocational Testing Group, Universal City, TX.

135

Accident patterns for construction-related workers: a cluster analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The construction industry has been identified as one of the most hazardous industries. The risk of constructionrelated workers is far greater than that in a manufacturing based industry. However, some steps can be taken to reduce worker risk through effective injury prevention strategies. In this article, k-means clustering methodology is employed in specifying the factors related to different worker types and in identifying the patterns of industrial occupational accidents. Accident reports during the period 1998 to 2008 are extracted from case reports of the Northern Region Inspection Office of the Council of Labor Affairs of Taiwan. The results show that the cluster analysis can indicate some patterns of occupational injuries in the construction industry. Inspection plans should be proposed according to the type of construction-related workers. The findings provide a direction for more effective inspection strategies and injury prevention programs.

Liao, Chia-Wen; Tyan, Yaw-Yauan

2011-12-01

136

Accident patterns for construction-related workers: a cluster analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The construction industry has been identified as one of the most hazardous industries. The risk of constructionrelated workers is far greater than that in a manufacturing based industry. However, some steps can be taken to reduce worker risk through effective injury prevention strategies. In this article, k-means clustering methodology is employed in specifying the factors related to different worker types and in identifying the patterns of industrial occupational accidents. Accident reports during the period 1998 to 2008 are extracted from case reports of the Northern Region Inspection Office of the Council of Labor Affairs of Taiwan. The results show that the cluster analysis can indicate some patterns of occupational injuries in the construction industry. Inspection plans should be proposed according to the type of construction-related workers. The findings provide a direction for more effective inspection strategies and injury prevention programs.

Liao, Chia-Wen; Tyan, Yaw-Yauan

2012-01-01

137

FATAL ACCIDENT REPORTING SYSTEM (FARS)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Fatal Accident Reporting System (FARS) database consist of three relational tables, containing data on automobile accidents on public U.S. roads that resulted in the death of one or more people within 30 days of the accident. Truck and trailer accidents are also included....

138

Accidents Involving Handicapped Drivers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents a brief overview of the history of driving by the handicapped, surveys the literature on the record of handicapped drivers and accidents, and relates a New York State study on the subject. (PHR)

Negri, D. Barry; Ibison, Richard A.

1979-01-01

139

Accident resistant transport container  

DOEpatents

The invention relates to a container for the safe air transport of plutonium having several intermediate wood layers and a load spreader intermediate an inner container and an outer shell for mitigation of shock during a hypothetical accident.

Andersen, John A. (Albuquerque, NM); Cole, James K. (Albuquerque, NM)

1980-01-01

140

Accident management information needs  

SciTech Connect

In support of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Accident Management Research Program, a methodology has been developed for identifying the plant information needs necessary for personnel involved in the management of an accident to diagnose that an accident is in progress, select and implement strategies to prevent or mitigate the accident, and monitor the effectiveness of these strategies. This report describes the methodology and presents an application of this methodology to a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) with a large dry containment. A risk-important severe accident sequence for a PWR is used to examine the capability of the existing measurements to supply the necessary information. The method includes an assessment of the effects of the sequence on the measurement availability including the effects of environmental conditions. The information needs and capabilities identified using this approach are also intended to form the basis for more comprehensive information needs assessment performed during the analyses and development of specific strategies for use in accident management prevention and mitigation. 3 refs., 16 figs., 7 tabs.

Hanson, D.J.; Ward, L.W.; Nelson, W.R.; Meyer, O.R. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

1990-04-01

141

Occupational cancer in Britain  

PubMed Central

Although only a relatively small proportion of cancer is attributable to occupational exposure to carcinogenic agents, the estimated number of deaths due to occupational cancer is high when compared to other deaths due to work-related ill health and injury. However, risk from occupational exposure to carcinogens can be minimised through proportionate but effective risk management. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is the regulator of workplace health and safety in Great Britain. As part of its aim to reduce ill health arising from failures to control properly exposure to hazards at work, HSE commissioned the research presented elsewhere in this supplement to enable it to identify priorities for preventing occupational cancer. The research has shown that occupational cancer remains a key health issue and that low-level exposure of a large number of workers to carcinogens is important. The finding that a small number of carcinogens have been responsible for the majority of the burden of occupational cancer provides key evidence in the development of priorities for significant reduction of occupational cancer. Although the research presented in this supplement reflects the consequences of past exposures to carcinogens, occupational cancer remains a problem. The potential for exposure to the agents considered in this research is still present in the workplace and the findings are relevant to prevention of future disease. In this article, the principle approaches for risk reduction are described. It provides supporting information on some of the initiatives already being undertaken, or those being put in place, to reduce occupational cancer in Great Britain. The need also for systematic collection of exposure information and the importance of raising awareness and changing behaviours are discussed. PMID:22710673

Chen, Yiqun; Osman, John

2012-01-01

142

Occupational Titles Including Job Descriptions for Health Occupations Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This alphabetical compilation of 80 occupational titles for health occupations education is taken from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, (DOT), 4th edition, 1977. An index shows the arrangement of the occupational titles (together with instructional program and DOT code) according to the United States Office of Education code numbers. For…

East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

143

SWORD '97: surveillance of work-related and occupational respiratory disease in the UK.  

PubMed

SWORD is one of seven clinically based reporting schemes which together now provide almost comprehensive coverage of occupational diseases across the UK. Although SWORD is now in its tenth year, participation rates remain high. Of an estimated 3,903 new cases seen this year, 1,031 (26%) were of occupational asthma, 978 (25%) of mesothelioma, 794 (20%) of non-malignant pleural disease, 336 (9%) of pneumoconiosis and 233 (6%) of inhalation accidents. Incidence rates of occupational asthma were generally highest among workers in the manufacture of wood products, textiles and food (particularly grain products and crustaceans) and additionally, in the production of precious and non-ferrous metals, rubber goods, detergents and perfumes, and in mining. Health care workers were noted to have a surprisingly high incidence of inhalation accidents. Occupational asthma attributed to latex has increased dramatically; the highest rates are among laboratory technicians, shoe workers and health care workers. PMID:10024722

Ross, D J; Keynes, H L; McDonald, J C

1998-11-01

144

Transmission of hepatitis C virus by occupational percutaneous injuries in South Korea.  

PubMed

Korea is an endemic area of hepatitis. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections caused by occupational percutaneous injuries are a serious problem for healthcare workers and there has been a gradual increase in the number of HCV infections. We therefore determined the transmission rate of HCV after occupational percutaneous injury. This was a retrospective cohort study reviewing all occupational blood exposure reports made between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2008, at a university-affiliated acute care hospital. Over the 5-year study period, there were 1,516 accidents of occupational exposure to blood; of these, 327 (21.6%) were to the blood of HCV-infected patients and 3 (0.9%) healthcare workers became infected with HCV (95% CI 0.6-8.8). In Korea, although the bloodborne accidents leading to exposure to HCV occurred frequently (21.6%), the transmission rate was very low (0.92%). PMID:22370291

Ryoo, Seung Mok; Kim, Won Young; Kim, Won; Lim, Kyoung Soo; Lee, Christopher C; Woo, Jun Hee

2012-02-01

145

Health Occupation Drilldowns for Milwaukee County  

E-print Network

Licensed Practical Nurses Dental Hygienists Occupational Therapists Occupational Therapy Assistants nurses, dental hygienists, occupational therapists, occupational therapy assistants, physical therapistsHealth Occupation Drilldowns for Milwaukee County Registered Nurses by Year License Granted

Saldin, Dilano

146

Risk assessment of maintenance operations: the analysis of performing task and accident mechanism.  

PubMed

Maintenance operations cover a great number of occupations. Most small and medium-sized enterprises lack the appropriate information to conduct risk assessments of maintenance operations. The objective of this research is to provide a method based on the concepts of task and accident mechanisms for an initial risk assessment by taking into consideration the prevalence and severity of the maintenance accidents reported. Data were gathered from 11,190 reported accidents in maintenance operations in the manufacturing sector of Andalusia from 2003 to 2012. By using a semi-quantitative methodology, likelihood and severity were evaluated based on the actual distribution of accident mechanisms in each of the tasks. Accident mechanisms and tasks were identified by using those variables included in the European Statistics of Accidents at Work methodology. As main results, the estimated risk of the most frequent accident mechanisms identified for each of the analysed tasks is low and the only accident mechanisms with medium risk are accidents when lifting or pushing with physical stress on the musculoskeletal system in tasks involving carrying, and impacts against objects after slipping or stumbling for tasks involving movements. The prioritisation of public preventive actions for the accident mechanisms with a higher estimated risk is highly recommended. PMID:25179119

Carrillo-Castrillo, Jesús A; Rubio-Romero, Juan Carlos; Guadix, Jose; Onieva, Luis

2014-09-01

147

Occupational hearing loss  

MedlinePLUS

Over time, repeated exposure to loud noise and music can cause hearing loss. Occupational hearing loss is ... Airline ground maintenance Construction Farming Jobs involving loud music or machinery In the U.S., the maximum job ...

148

American Occupational Therapy Association  

MedlinePLUS

... Industry Manage Your Practice Evidence-Based Practice & Research Ethics Occupational Therapy Assistants Advocacy & Policy Federal Affairs Update ... healthy—while having fun. Patients & Clients For Professionals Ethics Home -A +A Listen Stop the Cap Conference ...

149

Occupational health experience with organic additives  

SciTech Connect

For many decades, interest in occupational medicine has been focused on the wide variety of organic additives, which includes a large number of substances, for example, dyestuffs, pigments, and auxiliaries for the textile, leather, and paper industries. The reason is that, if the recommended precautions are not observed, there is a risk of exposure to most of these substances during both production and use. Moreover, over the years, some additives have caused concern and aroused suspicion regarding adverse effects on health. In order to deal with health problems in this field, it is important to be aware of how, what, and where occupational diseases or accidents arise. Much knowledge has been gained about these, and it would be an impossible task to give a systematic survey of the data that have accumulated, especially since it is necessary to take account of the problem of exposure to more than one substance. Thus an attempt is made to report on occupational health experience in general, and to demonstrate how an industrial hygienist may approach the many and various problems. Some epidemiological studies on organic additives (auramine, anthraquinone dyestuffs, organic dyes, etc.) are discussed.

Thiess, A.M.; Wellenreuther, G.

1984-12-01

150

Occupational injury and fatality investigations: the application of forensic nursing science.  

PubMed

The forensic evaluation of trauma in occupational injuries and fatalities can provide the benefit of a more thorough analysis of incident causation. Forensic nursing science applied during workplace investigations can assist investigators to determine otherwise unknown crucial aspects of the incident circumstances that are important to event reconstruction, the enforcement of occupational health and safety requirements, and the direction of workplace prevention initiatives. Currently, a medical and forensic medical knowledge gap exists in the subject-matter expertise associated with occupational accident investigations. This gap can be bridged with the integration of forensic nursing in the investigation of workplace fatalities and serious injuries. PMID:24256981

Harris, Colin

2013-01-01

151

Transportation Accidents Involving Radioactive Materials  

MedlinePLUS

... withstand damage. What are the main dangers of transportation accidents involving radiation? The main dangers of transportation ... the transport container. http://emergency.cdc.gov/radiation TRANSPORTATION ACCIDENTS If you believe you have been exposed, ...

152

The situation of hazardous chemical accidents in China between 2000 and 2006.  

PubMed

From the aspects of the total quantity of accidents, regional inequality, enterprises scale and environmental pollution accidents, this study makes an analysis of hazardous chemical accidents in China for the period spanning from 2000 to 2006. The following results are obtained: firstly, there were lots of accidents and fatalities in hazardous chemical business, i.e., the number of casualty accidents fluctuated between 200 and 600/year, the number of fatality fluctuated between 220 and 1100/year. Secondly, the accident rate in developed southeast coastal areas, e.g., Guangdong, Zhejiang and Jiangsu, was far higher than that in the northwest regions, e.g., Xizang, Xinjiang, and Qinghai. Thirdly, nearly 80% of dangerous chemical accidents had occurred in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Finally, various sudden environmental pollution accidents resulted from hazardous chemicals were frequent in recent years, causing a huge damage to human and property. Then, based on the readjustment of economic structure in the last decades, the development status of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in SMEs and other factors, the paper explores the main causes, which offers valuable insight into measures that should be taken to reduce hazardous chemical accidents. PMID:21239108

Duan, Weili; Chen, Guohua; Ye, Qing; Chen, Qingguang

2011-02-28

153

Hypothetical Reactor Accident Study  

E-print Network

for the accidents described are those given in WASH-1400. The analyses are based on the tesident population as given in a Typical BWR and in a typical PWR. Comparison with WASH-1400 by C F . Højerup 202 APPENDIX 3. Calculation

154

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

These photographs of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 were taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:16.795 EST and 11:39:19.261 EST. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo numbers are 108-KSC-86PC-149 and 151

1986-01-01

155

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This photograph of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:40.061 est. Notice the smoke trails caused by flying debris. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo number is 108-KSC-86PC-155.

1986-01-01

156

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

These photographs of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:28.161 EST and 11:39:29.094. Notice the smoke trails caused by flying debris (10177). The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo numbers are 108-KSC-86PC-152 and 153.

1986-01-01

157

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This photograph of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:40.861 est. Notice the smoke trails caused by flying debris. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo number is 108-KSC-86PC-156.

1986-01-01

158

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This photograph of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:29.927 est. Notice the smoke trails caused by flying debris. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo number is 108-KSC-86PC-154.

1986-01-01

159

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This photograph of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:16.061 est. One of the solid rocket boosters can be seen at the top of the view. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo number is 108-KSC-86PC-147.

1986-01-01

160

Stress, violations and accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sources of stress among Western Australian car and truck drivers were investigated using an extended version of the Driver Behaviour Inventory (DBI) developed by Gulian et a\\/(1989). The associations between reported stress and drivers' accident or violation records were also examined. The DBI was mailed to two groups each of 500 truck drivers with 'high' or 'low' traffic violation involvements

L. R. Hartley; J. El Hassani

1994-01-01

161

Occupation and gastric cancer  

PubMed Central

Gastric cancer is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality. There are several risk factors, with occupation emerging as one of these. There is considerable evidence that occupations in coal and tin mining, metal processing, particularly steel and iron, and rubber manufacturing industries lead to an increased risk of gastric cancer. Other "dusty" occupations—for example, wood processing, or work in high temperature environments have also been implicated but the evidence is not strong. The mechanism of pathogenesis of gastric cancer is unclear and the identification of causative agents can be difficult. Dust is thought to be a contributor to the pathological process, but well known carcinogens such as N-nitroso compounds have been detected in some environments. Further research on responsible agents is necessary and screening for detection of precursor gastric cancer lesions at the workplace merits consideration. PMID:12782770

Raj, A; Mayberry, J; Podas, T

2003-01-01

162

Occupational Asthma in Korea  

PubMed Central

Occupational asthma (OA) is the leading occupational respiratory disease. Cases compensated as OA by the Korea Workers' Compensation and Welfare Service (COMWEL) (218 cases), cases reported by a surveillance system (286 cases), case reports by related scientific journals and cases confirmed by the Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute (OSHRI) over 15 yr from 1992 to 2006 were analyzed. Annual mean incidence rate was 1.6 by compensation and 3.5 by surveillance system, respectively. The trend appeared to increase according to the surveillance system. Incidence was very low compared with other countries. The most frequently reported causative agent was isocyanate followed by reactive dye in dyeing factories. Other chemicals, metals and dust were also found as causative agents. OA was underreported according to compensation and surveillance system data. In conclusion, a more effective surveillance system is needed to evaluate OA causes and distribution, and to effectively prevent newly developing OA. PMID:21258586

Kim, Kyoo Sang

2010-01-01

163

Occupational lung cancer  

SciTech Connect

The overall importance of occupational agents as a cause of lung cancer has been a controversial subject since the 1970s. A federal report, released in the late 1970s, projected a surprisingly high burden of occupational lung cancer; for asbestos and four other agents, from 61,000 to 98,000 cases annually were attributed to these agents alone. Many estimates followed, some much more conservative. For example, Doll and Peto estimated that 15% of lung cancer in men and 5% in women could be attributed to occupational exposures. A number of population-based case-control studies also provide relevant estimates. In a recent literature review, Vineis and Simonato cited attributable risk estimates for occupation and lung cancer that ranged from 4% to 40%; for asbestos alone, the estimates ranged from 1% to 5%. These estimates would be expected to vary across locations and over time. Nevertheless, these recent estimates indicate that occupation remains an important cause of lung cancer. Approaches to Prevention. Prevention of lung cancer mortality among workers exposed to agents or industrial processes that cause lung cancer may involve several strategies, including eliminating or reducing exposures, smoking cessation, screening, and chemo-prevention. For example, changes in industrial processes that have eliminated or reduced exposures to chloromethyl ethers and nickel compounds have provided evidence of reduced risk of lung cancer following these changes. Although occupational exposures are important causes of lung cancer, cigarette smoking is the most important preventable cause of lung cancer. For adults, the work site offers an important location to target smoking cessation efforts. In fact, the work site may be the only place to reach many smokers.

Coultas, D.B.; Samet, J.M. (Department of Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque (United States))

1992-06-01

164

Injuries associated with cycle rickshaws accidents  

PubMed Central

Context: Cycle rickshaw is an important means of transportation in Urban India. Pedestrians, rickshaw users, rickshaw pullers, two wheeled vehicle users and cyclists are among the most vulnerable road user groups in terms of injuries and fatalities resulting from road traffic accidents in India. Our objectives were to study characteristics of crashes and nature of injuries associated with cycle rickshaw. Patients and Methods: Between August 2008 to July 2009, a hospital based observational study was done of patients who presented to King George medical college trauma center with injury sustained due to cycle rickshaw in emergency department. Age, time of trauma, mode of trauma, contributing factors and type of injury were recorded. Results: The mean age of the patient was 32.1. Seventeen patients were rickshaw pullers and the rest were occupants of the rickshaw. Overloading with more than two passengers was found in 24 cases (28.5%). Most common cause of injury was collision with a moving vehicle (56 patients, %) followed by fall from rickshaw. The most common contributing factor was the overloading of rickshaw. On arrival to the hospital, the mean Injury severity score (ISS) was 3.5 ± 2.2 and the mean Glasgow coma scale (GCS) was 13.4 ± 4.3. Nine patients were admitted to ICU (Intensive care unit). The median ICU stay was 4 (1-24 days). Six of the ICU admitted patients had head injury. Conclusion: Rickshaw pullers and occupants are vulnerable to road traffic accidents. Urgent preventive measures targeted towards this group are needed to reduce the morbidity and mortality resulting from injuries involving rickshaws. The need for improved understanding of the risk characteristics of cycle rickshaw is emphasized. PMID:24812450

Meena, Sanjay; Barwar, Nilesh; Rastogi, Devarshi; Sharma, Vineet

2014-01-01

165

A bivariate zero-inflated Poisson regression model to analyze occupational injuries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of many occupational safety interventions is to reduce the incidence of injury. However, when measuring intervention effectiveness within a period, population-based accident count data typically contain a large proportion of zero observations (no injury). This situation is compounded where injuries are categorized in a binary manner according to an outcome of interest. The distribution thus comprises a point

Kui Wang; Andy H. Lee; Kelvin K. W. Yau; Philip J. W. Carrivick

2003-01-01

166

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (OSH) IN SMES IN MALAYSIA: A PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) issues are increasingly receiving attention and found as important in Malaysian Industrial Relations. In an operational analysis report of the OSH Regulations (2000) has found that 80 percent of workplace investigated failed to adhere fully to regulations (Abdul Rahman, 2007). Mass medias are also continuously reporting various accidents at the workplace which results in deaths.

Lilis Surienty; Khoo Teng Hong; Daisy Kee Mui Hung

2011-01-01

167

Student manual, Book 2: Orientation to occupational safety compliance in DOE  

SciTech Connect

This is a student hand-book an Occupational Safety Compliance in DOE. Topics include the following: Electrical; materials handling & storage; inspection responsibilities & procedures; general environmental controls; confined space entry; lockout/tagout; office safety, ergonomics & human factors; medical & first aid, access to records; construction safety; injury/illness reporting system; and accident investigation procedures.

Colley, D.L.

1993-10-01

168

Occupational Orientation: Personal and Public Service Occupations. Experimental Curriculum Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These experimental curriculum materials for one of five clusters developed for the occupational orientation program in Illinois include a series of learning activity packages (LAPs) designed to acquaint the student with the wide range of occupational choices available in the personal and public service occupations field. The 29 LAPS, each focusing…

Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.

169

Occupational Therapy and Occupational Science: Past and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of occupational therapy as generally understood is conspicuously without any reference to the role of science in the founders’ vision of occupational therapy. However, the founders understood the clear need to delineate a scientific basis for understanding the healing power of occupation in terms of both the present and the future of the fledgling profession. This presentation will

Don Gordon

2004-01-01

170

Applying STAMP in Accident Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Accident models play a critical role in accident investigation and analysis. Most traditional models are based on an underlying chain of events. These models, however, have serious limitations when used for complex, socio-technical systems. Previously, Leveson proposed a new accident model (STAMP) based on system theory. In STAMP, the basic concept is not an event but a constraint. This paper shows how STAMP can be applied to accident analysis using three different views or models of the accident process and proposes a notation for describing this process.

Leveson, Nancy; Daouk, Mirna; Dulac, Nicolas; Marais, Karen

2003-01-01

171

Aircraft accidents : method of analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The revised report includes the chart for the analysis of aircraft accidents, combining consideration of the immediate causes, underlying causes, and results of accidents, as prepared by the special committee, with a number of the definitions clarified. A brief statement of the organization and work of the special committee and of the Committee on Aircraft Accidents; and statistical tables giving a comparison of the types of accidents and causes of accidents in the military services on the one hand and in civil aviation on the other, together with explanations of some of the important differences noted in these tables.

1931-01-01

172

Cluster Guide. Accounting Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a recent task inventory of key occupations in the accounting cluster taken in the Portland, Oregon, area, this curriculum guide is intended to assist administrators and teachers in the design and implementation of high school accounting cluster programs. The guide is divided into four major sections: program organization and…

Beaverton School District 48, OR.

173

Marketing occupational therapy.  

PubMed

Marketing is emerging as an important aspect of the delivery of health care services, including occupational therapy. An understanding of marketing and a knowledge of how to apply its principles will permit therapists to keep pace with the changing health care environment. This article introduces terminology, strategies, and applications of marketing. PMID:3688145

Jacobs, K

1987-05-01

174

Occupational Diseases in Korea  

PubMed Central

Korea has industrialized since the 1970s. Pneumoconiosis in coal miners was the most common occupational disease in the 1970s to 1980s. With the industrialization, the use of many chemicals have increased since the 1970s. As a consequence, there were outbreaks of occupational diseases caused by poisonous chemicals, such as heavy metal poisoning, solvent poisoning and occupational asthma in the late 1980s and early 1990s with civil movement for democracy. Many actions have been taken for prevention by the government, employers and employees or unions. In the 1990s most chemical related diseases and pneumoconiosis have rapidly decreased due to improving work environment. In the late 1990s, cerebro-cardiovascular diseases related to job stress or work overloads have abruptly increased especially after the economic crisis in 1998. After the year 2000, musculoskeletal disorders became a major problem especially in assembly lines in the manufacturing industry and they were expanded to the service industry. Mental diseases related to job stress have increased. Infectious diseases increased in health care workers and afforestation workers. Occupational cancers are increasing because of their long latency, although the use of carcinogenic substances are reduced, limited, and even banned. PMID:21258589

Kim, Eun A

2010-01-01

175

Occupational Literacy: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The functional literacy movement has emphasized the ability to read job-related materials as a major occupational/functional skill. Various studies, by the Educational Testing Service and others, have supported the contention that the ability to read is a fundamental vocational skill in American society. (CH)

Chang, Kathryn L.

1987-01-01

176

Pharmacist. Occupational Simulation Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This career exploration instructional booklet on the pharmacist's occupation is one of several resulting from the rural southwestern Colorado CEPAC Project (Career Education Process of Attitude Change). Based on a job analysis and utilizing a programed instructional format, the following content is included: A brief description of two real…

Parsley, Nancy

177

Chef. Occupational Simulation Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This career exploration instructional booklet on the chef's occupation is one of several resulting from the rural southwestern Colorado CEPAC Project (Career Education Process of Attitude Change). Based on a job analysis and utilizing a programed instructional format, the following content is included: A brief description of a chef's job…

San Juan Basin Area Vocational-Technical School, Cortez, CO.

178

Nursing. Occupational Simulation Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This career exploration instructional booklet on nursing as an occupation is one of several resulting from the rural southwestern Colorado CEPAC Project (Career Education Process of Attitude Change). Based on a job analysis and utilizing a programed instructional format, the following content is included: A brief description of what nursing is; 14…

Robb, Mary Kaye

179

Occupational Hazards of Farriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A farrier is a specialist in the shoeing of horses. It has been estimated that in the United States over 8 million horses are ridden for show and pleasure. These horses need hoof and leg care. The farrier does give this care and in so doing is subject to occupational hazards. These hazards cover a wide range and include bites

ALBERT C. HOLLER

1984-01-01

180

Rehabilitation Services Sample Occupations  

E-print Network

/Industries Correction Agencies Drug Treatment Centers Addiction Counselor Advocacy Occupations Art Therapist Behavioral Support Worker Licen. Mental Health Coun. Marriage/Family Counselor Medical Social Worker Music Therapist 21-1010 P4 Opportunities in Physical Therapy Careers ...........IIB 29-1123 K7 Opportunities

Ronquist, Fredrik

181

Occupational Burnout among Librarians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines stages of occupational burnout (enthusiasm, stagnation, frustration, apathy) and begins empirical assessment of burnout syndrome among librarians and other information professionals. Results of pilot survey conducted at one-day conference on reference service using two measures (Staff Burnout Scale for Health Professionals, projective…

Haack, Mary; And Others

1984-01-01

182

Occupational Training in Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A significant amount of on-the-job occupational training is occurring in the private sector, though the data on its extent and nature are extremely sketchy. Estimates of total economic costs in the 1974-75 period range from a crude measure of 100 billion dollars to one that is somewhat more reliable of about 40 to 50 billion dollars. Most of this…

Stromsdorfer, Ernst W.; Barclay, Suzanne

183

Occupational Therapy and Neuropsychiatry  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is suggested that increasing evidence of neurophysiological etiologies for mental illness must be taken into account in rationalizing the effectiveness of occupational therapy for psychiatric disorders. The role of activity in metabolizing stress hormones is describes as a possible mechanism of therapeutic effectiveness. The sensory integrative effects of certain activities are also postulated to contribute to improvement in selected

Lorna Jean King

1983-01-01

184

Occupationally Oriented IA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The occupationally oriented industrial arts program at Lee's Summit Senior High School, Missouri, offers general shop exploratory courses in multiple-activity laboratories at the ninth grade level, leading to unit general laboratory programs in grades 10 through 12 in drafting, wood, metals, basic electricity/electronics, and graphic…

Stone, Thurman L.

1977-01-01

185

Building Industries Occupations: Syllabus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Building Industries Occupations course is a two-year program of approximately 160 three-period teaching days per year. The required course content is designed to be effectively taught in 80 percent of the total course time, thus allowing 20 percent of the time for instruction adapted to such local conditions as employment prospects, student…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

186

Evaluating Occupational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stresses the importance of evaluating occupational programs on a regular basis. Offers a brief explanation of the approaches to program evaluation taken at the Dallas County Community College District (TX), South Puget Sound Community College (WA), and Triton College (IL). Offers a list of references on program evaluation. (CBC)

Long, James P.

1987-01-01

187

Hospitality Occupations. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide on the hospitality occupations was developed to help secondary and postsecondary home economics teachers prepare individuals for entry-level jobs in the hospitality industry. The content is in seven sections. The first section presents organizational charts of a medium-size hotel, food and beverage division, housekeeping and…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of Homemaking Education.

188

Occupational Clothing Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide individualized, hands-on experience for secondary or postsecondary students in gainful homemaking programs, this occupational clothing curriculum contains eight learning modules. The following topics are covered in the modules: plant production for the needle trades (needle trade structure and operation, terminology, history,…

Fraser, Annette J.

189

Recent advances in occupational health research in Korea.  

PubMed

Korea has a short history in research on occupational health like as short history of industrialization. During last four decades, however, Korea has experienced what developed countries have experienced for more than a hundred year. Research on occupational health in Korea has also drastically developed. Since industrialization in 1970s, many workers were exposed to hazardous working environment and suffered from occupational accidents and diseases. The main research topics were pneumoconiosis, noise-induced hearing loss and some chemical poisoning. However, improving working condition was not the top priority until the late 1980s. Carbon disulfide poisoning gave a big impact to the society. It made the government take many actions to improve working condition through regulation, enforcement, supporting academia, raising research fund, and establishing a research institute. Recently, classical occupational diseases have decreased and the interest from researchers has also reduced. Many claims for stress-related cardio-cerebrovascular diseases brought much concern and research on job stress. Work-related musculoskeletal disease became a major issue. Many workers are interested in quality of life, such as health promotion. Therefore, research on health promotion, job stress, and psychological problem from work organization would be the main research topics in the future, although research on occupational diseases, such as asthma, cancer and various diseases caused by chemicals are still attractive to researchers. PMID:15128157

Kang, Seong-Kyu; Ahn, Yeon-Soon; Kim, Kwang-Jong

2004-04-01

190

On the recurrence of occupational injuries and workers' compensation claims.  

PubMed

This paper represents the first study to estimate counts of individual occupational injuries and claims over long spells of working life (up to 13 years) in the USA. It explores data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979. I found that 37% of all surveyed workers who had experienced one on-the-job accident reported at least one additional injury, but only 56% of all occupational injuries and illnesses resulted in workers' compensation claims. I estimated different count models to assess the effect of different individual worker and job characteristics on individual injury counts and workers' compensation claims counts. Lower educational levels, less tenure, work in dangerous industries and unskilled occupations, and job demands are found to be important determinants of multiple on-the-job injuries. The most interesting results, however, refer to the role played by individuals' pre-injury characteristics: early exposure to dangerous jobs is among the main determinants of higher counts of occupational injuries later in life. Early health limitations are also significant predictors of recurrent workers' compensation claims. These results provide new evidence about the important role played by both the health and the socioeconomic status of young people as determinants of their future occupational injuries. PMID:22539203

Galizzi, Monica

2013-05-01

191

Occupational Disease in Connecticut, 2014  

E-print Network

...........................................................................................................20 Respiratory Illness and Poisonings ...........................................................................................24 E. Occupational Disease Surveillance System: Physicians' Reports................................................................................................................30 Lung/Respiratory Diseases and Poisonings

Oliver, Douglas L.

192

Masonry. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) for masonry occupations contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

193

Accident prevention manual  

SciTech Connect

Among our many common needs and goals are the safety and well-being of our families, ourselves, our fellow employees, and the continuing success of our organization. To these ends--minimizing human suffering and economic waste--the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Accident Prevention Program and this Accident Prevention Manual (APM) are dedicated. The BPA Accident Prevention Program is revised as necessary to ensure compliance with relevant Federal safety and health standards. The mandatory rules herein express minimum requirements for dealing with the principal hazards inherent in daily work activities. These and other written requirements, which neither can nor should provide complete coverage of all work situations, must be continually reinforced through the sound and mature safety judgments of all workers on each assigned task. The APM is divided into two distinct sections: (1) Rules, and (2) Switching and Clearance Procedure (Operating Bulletin No. 2). For added awareness, the life-or-death Safety Rules are captioned in red; both in the index and throughout the text.

Not Available

1996-06-01

194

Environmental and Occupational Exposures in Immigrant Health  

PubMed Central

Immigrants comprise vulnerable populations that are frequently exposed to a multitude of environmental and occupational hazards. The historical context behind state and federal legislation has helped to foster an environment that is particularly hostile toward caring for immigrant health. Current hazards include toxic exposures, air and noise pollution, motor vehicle accidents, crowded living and work environments with inadequate ventilation, poor sanitation, mechanical injury, among many others. Immigrants lack the appropriate training, materials, health care access, and other resources to reduce their exposure to preventable environmental and occupational health risks. This dilemma is exacerbated by current anti-immigrant sentiments, miscommunication between native and immigrant populations, and legislation denying immigrants access to publicly funded medical care. Given that current health policy has failed to address immigrant health appropriately and political impetus is lacking, efforts should also focus on alternative solutions, including organized labor. Labor unions that serve to educate workers, survey work environments, and defend worker rights will greatly alleviate and prevent the burden of disease incurred by immigrants. The nation’s health will benefit from improved regulation of living and workplace environments to improve the health of immigrants, regardless of legal status. PMID:21572847

Eamranond, Pracha P.; Hu, Howard

2008-01-01

195

Spontaneous abortion and occupation.  

PubMed

Occupational factors in spontaneous abortion were studied in the current and previous pregnancies of 56,012 women interviewed in 11 Montreal maternity departments, 1982 to 1984. Ratios of observed to expected abortions (RR), after allowance for nonoccupational confounders, were significantly increased (P less than .05) among nursing assistants and attendants (RR 1.24 in current and 1.13 in previous pregnancies), food and beverage servers (RR 1.31 in current and 1.11 in previous pregnancies) and sales persons (RR 1.18 in current and 1.12 in previous pregnancies). Women whose work entailed heavy lifting, other physical effort, long hours, exposure to noise, and exposure to cold had also significantly increased risk ratios. However, when occupational groups were ranked according to work demands, thus avoiding potential bias from prior knowledge of outcome, increased risks were associated consistently only with heavy lifting and other physical effort. PMID:3806263

McDonald, A D; Armstrong, B; Cherry, N M; Delorme, C; Diodati-Nolin, A; McDonald, J C; Robert, D

1986-12-01

196

Occupational health in Cuba.  

PubMed Central

Health and safety regulation, training, and research were practically non-existent in Cuba before the Revolution in 1959. Since that time important advances have been made. Specialized inspectors, occupational physicians, and other such personnel are now trained in Cuba. An Occupational Health Institute, founded in 1976, provides training and specialized technical services, and conducts research. In 1978, a far reaching "Work Safety and Health Law" was enacted which defines the rights and responsibility of government agencies, workplace administrators, unions, and workers. Comprehensive control of toxic substances in workplaces, still at an early stage, is likely to increase in light of the new law, the growing availability of qualified personnel, and the mounting concern of public health authorities with the increasingly "developed" health profile of the population. PMID:7212141

Gomez, M R

1981-01-01

197

Human occupancy detection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the area of security and surveillance technologies, the problem of the arrival in Canada of illegal and undesirable ship and truck cargo loads is steadily increasing. As the volumes of cargo arrivals increase so do the Immigration and Customs problems related to the determination of the validity of those cargo contents. Of special concern to Immigration Control Authorities around the world is the emerging and increasing trend of illegal smuggling of human beings hidden inside of shipping containers. Beginning in 1992, Immigration Control Authorities in Canada observed an escalation of alien people smuggling through the use of cargo shipping containers arriving in the Port of Montreal. This paper will present to the audience the recently completed Immigration Canada Human Occupancy Detection project by explaining the design, development and testing of human occupancy detectors. The devices are designed to electronically detect the presence of persons hiding inside of shipping containers, without the requirement of opening the container doors. The human occupancy detection concepts are based upon the presence of carbon dioxide or other human waste characteristics commonly found inside of shipping containers.

Brown, David A.

1994-10-01

198

Occupational Therapy General Information: What is Occupational Therapy? The occupational therapist is a highly specialized health care  

E-print Network

Occupational Therapy General Information: What is Occupational Therapy? The occupational therapist is located at the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) web site. http://www.aota.org. There is no specific undergraduate degree required for admission to Occupational Therapy Programs. Masters programs

Walker, Lawrence R.

199

Occupational health problems among migrant and seasonal farm workers.  

PubMed Central

Migrant and seasonal farm workers are one of the most underserved and understudied populations in the United States. The total US population of such farm workers has been estimated at 5 million, of whom about 20% live or work in California. Farm workers perform strenuous tasks and are exposed to a wide variety of occupational risks and hazards. Low socioeconomic status and poor access to health care also contribute to existing health problems in this population. Potential farm work-related health problems include accidents, pesticide-related illnesses, musculoskeletal and soft-tissue disorders, dermatitis, noninfectious respiratory conditions, reproductive health problems, health problems of children of farm workers, climate-caused illnesses, communicable diseases, bladder and kidney disorders, and eye and ear problems. Few epidemiologic studies exist of these occupational health problems. No comprehensive epidemiologic studies have assessed the magnitude of occupational health problems among migrant and seasonal farm workers and their dependents. Although the migratory nature of this population makes long-term studies difficult, the development of standardized data collection instruments for health consequences and scientific assessment of farm work exposures and working conditions are vital to characterize and reduce the occupational health risks in farm workers. PMID:1413786

Mobed, K; Gold, E B; Schenker, M B

1992-01-01

200

Probability of spent fuel transportation accidents  

SciTech Connect

The transported volume of spent fuel, incident/accident experience and accident environment probabilities were reviewed in order to provide an estimate of spent fuel accident probabilities. In particular, the accident review assessed the accident experience for large casks of the type that could transport spent (irradiated) nuclear fuel. This review determined that since 1971, the beginning of official US Department of Transportation record keeping for accidents/incidents, there has been one spent fuel transportation accident. This information, coupled with estimated annual shipping volumes for spent fuel, indicated an estimated annual probability of a spent fuel transport accident of 5 x 10/sup -7/ spent fuel accidents per mile. This is consistent with ordinary truck accident rates. A comparison of accident environments and regulatory test environments suggests that the probability of truck accidents exceeding regulatory test for impact is approximately 10/sup -9//mile.

McClure, J. D.

1981-07-01

201

48 CFR 836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Accident prevention. 836.513 Section 836.513 ...Contract Clauses 836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer must insert the clause at 852.236-87, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and contracts...

2010-10-01

202

Occupational Sex Segregation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a Sociology class for undergraduate students. This activity looks as gender and occupation over time in the United States. This activity uses one customized data sets made from combining census information from 1970-1990. It guides students through data manipulation using WebCHIP software found at DataCounts!. To open WebCHIP with the dataset for the activity, please see instructions and links in the exercise documents under teaching materials. For more information on how to use WebCHIP, see the How To section on DataCounts!

Theodore Fuller

203

Occupational hazards of farriers.  

PubMed

A farrier is a specialist in the shoeing of horses. It has been estimated that in the United States over 8 million horses are ridden for show and pleasure. These horses need hoof and leg care. The farrier does give this care and in so doing is subject to occupational hazards. These hazards cover a wide range and include bites from horses and farmer's dogs, ergonomic problems, noise and exposure to metal and welding fumes. Many of the hazards he encounters are unique to his profession. PMID:6702595

Holler, A C

1984-01-01

204

First Responders and Criticality Accidents  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear criticality accident descriptions typically include, but do not focus on, information useful to first responders. We studied these accidents, noting characteristics to help (1) first responders prepare for such an event and (2) emergency drill planners develop appropriate simulations for training. We also provide recommendations to help people prepare for such events in the future.

Valerie L. Putman; Douglas M. Minnema

2005-11-01

205

Cernavoda CANDU severe accident evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The papers present the activities dedicated to Romania Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant first CANDU Unit severe accident evaluation. This activity is part of more general PSA assessment activities. CANDU specific safety features are calandria moderator and calandria vault water capabilities to remove the residual heat in the case of severe accidents, when the conventional heat sinks are no more available.

Gheorghe Negutt; Adrian Marin

1997-01-01

206

EDMS 894435 INTERNAL ACCIDENT REPORT  

E-print Network

.Lettry/AB-ATB ............................................................................................................................................................................. Information on the above accident 1 Description of the accident (summary of facts & circumstances) As foreseen in the overall schedule of the experiment, the emptying of the mercury inventory from the experimental equipment in an overflow. This overflow allowed mercury spillage into the surrounding retention containers and partly

McDonald, Kirk

207

Industrial accidents triggered by lightning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Natural disasters can cause major accidents in chemical facilities where they can lead to the release of hazardous materials which in turn can result in fires, explosions or toxic dispersion. Lightning strikes are the most frequent cause of major accidents triggered by natural events. In order to contribute towards the development of a quantitative approach for assessing lightning risk at

Elisabetta Renni; Elisabeth Krausmann; Valerio Cozzani

2010-01-01

208

German aircraft accident statistics, 1930  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The investigation of all serious accidents, involving technical defects in the airplane or engine, is undertaken by the D.V.L. in conjunction with the imperial traffic minister and other interested parties. All accidents not clearly explained in the reports are subsequently cleared up.

Weitzmann, Ludwig

1932-01-01

209

Occupational Health for Healthcare Providers  

MedlinePLUS

... prevention practices. They can reduce your risk of health problems. Use protective equipment, follow infection control guidelines, ... manage stress. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

210

Occupational Disease in Connecticut, 2011  

E-print Network

...........................................................................................................18 Acute Respiratory Conditions, and Poisonings...........................................................................................23 E. Occupational Disease Surveillance System (Physicians' Reports................................................................................................................28 Lung/Respiratory Diseases and Poisonings

Oliver, Douglas L.

211

Identifying New and Emerging Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines some of the methods available to educational planners for identifying new and emerging occupations. These include futures projections, trend analysis, employer surveys, and expert testimony. (SK)

Russell, Jill Frymier

1982-01-01

212

Occupational asthma and occupational rhinitis: The united airways disease model revisited  

E-print Network

1 Occupational asthma and occupational rhinitis: The united airways disease model revisited Jacques number: +33147107754; Fax number:+33147107768 Key words: occupational asthma, occupational rhinitis, high) Objectives: Whereas accumulating evidence indicates close associations between rhinitis and asthma, little

Boyer, Edmond

213

Industrial accidents triggered by lightning.  

PubMed

Natural disasters can cause major accidents in chemical facilities where they can lead to the release of hazardous materials which in turn can result in fires, explosions or toxic dispersion. Lightning strikes are the most frequent cause of major accidents triggered by natural events. In order to contribute towards the development of a quantitative approach for assessing lightning risk at industrial facilities, lightning-triggered accident case histories were retrieved from the major industrial accident databases and analysed to extract information on types of vulnerable equipment, failure dynamics and damage states, as well as on the final consequences of the event. The most vulnerable category of equipment is storage tanks. Lightning damage is incurred by immediate ignition, electrical and electronic systems failure or structural damage with subsequent release. Toxic releases and tank fires tend to be the most common scenarios associated with lightning strikes. Oil, diesel and gasoline are the substances most frequently released during lightning-triggered Natech accidents. PMID:20817399

Renni, Elisabetta; Krausmann, Elisabeth; Cozzani, Valerio

2010-12-15

214

Precision Machining Technologies. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), which is one of a series of OCAPs developed to identify the skills that Ohio employers deem necessary to entering a given occupation/occupational area, lists the occupational, academic, and employability skills required of individuals entering the occupation of precision machinist. The…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

215

The 2010 Ruth Zemke Lecture in Occupational Science Occupational Therapy\\/Occupational Science\\/Occupational Justice: Moral Commitments and Global Assemblages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty years have passed since occupational science was founded. It is time to reassess the relationship of occupational science to its roots in occupational therapy and also to reopen a discussion of some foundational assumptions. In particular, we need to situate the profession, occupational therapy, and the discipline, occupational science, in relation to the phenomenon of globalization. The internationalization of

Gelya Frank

2011-01-01

216

The 2010 Ruth Zemke Lecture in Occupational Science Occupational Therapy\\/Occupational Science\\/Occupational Justice: Moral Commitments and Global Assemblages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty years have passed since occupational science was founded. It is time to reassess the relationship of occupational science to its roots in occupational therapy and also to reopen a discussion of some foundational assumptions. In particular, we need to situate the profession, occupational therapy, and the discipline, occupational science, in relation to the phenomenon of globalization. The internationalization of

Gelya Frank

2012-01-01

217

Dose - response relationship between noise exposure and the risk of occupational injury.  

PubMed

Many workers worldwide experience fatality and disability caused by occupational injuries. This study examined the relationship between noise exposure and occupational injuries at factories in Korea. A total of 1790 factories located in northern Gyeonggi Province, Korea was evaluated. The time-weighted average levels of dust and noise exposure were taken from Workplace Exposure Assessment data. Apart occupational injuries, sports events, traffic accidents, and other accidents occurring outside workplaces were excluded. The incidences of occupational injury in each factory were calculated by data from the Korea Workers' Compensation and Welfare Services. Workplaces were classified according to the incidence of any occupational injuries (incident or nonincident workplaces, respectively). Workplace dust exposure was classified as <1 or ? 1 mg/m³ , and noise exposure as <80, 80-89, or >90 dB. Workplaces with high noise exposure were significantly associated with being incident workplaces, whereas workplaces with high dust exposure were not. The odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) derived from a logistic regression model were 1.68 (1.27-2.24) and 3.42 (2.26-5.17) at 80-89 dB and ? 90 dB versus <80 dB. These associations remained significant when in a separate analysis according to high or low dust exposure level. Noise exposure increases the risk of occupational injury in the workplace. Furthermore, the risk of occupational injury increases with noise exposure level in a dose-response relationship. Therefore, strategies for reducing noise exposure level are required to decrease the risk of occupational injury. PMID:25599757

Yoon, Jin-Ha; Hong, Jeong-Suk; Roh, Jaehoon; Kim, Chi-Nyon; Won, Jong-Uk

2015-01-01

218

An Examination of Aviation Accidents Associated with Turbulence, Wind Shear and Thunderstorm  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The focal point of the study reported here was the definition and examination of turbulence, wind shear and thunderstorm in relation to aviation accidents. NASA project management desired this information regarding distinct subgroups of atmospheric hazards, in order to better focus their research portfolio. A seven category expansion of Kaplan's turbulence categories was developed, which included wake turbulence, mountain wave turbulence, clear air turbulence, cloud turbulence, convective turbulence, thunderstorm without mention of turbulence, and low altitude wind shear, microburst or turbulence (with no mention of thunderstorms).More than 800 accidents from flights based in the United States during 1987-2008 were selected from a National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) database. Accidents were selected for inclusion in this study if turbulence, thunderstorm, wind shear or microburst was considered either a cause or a factor in the accident report, and each accident was assigned to only one hazard category. This report summarizes the differences between the categories in terms of factors such as flight operations category, aircraft engine type, the accident's geographic location and time of year, degree of injury to aircraft occupants, aircraft damage, age and certification of the pilot and the phase of flight at the time of the accident.

Evans, Joni K.

2013-01-01

219

Professional Development for Occupational Specialist: Occupational Competency Testing. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The organization, scope, and activities of the Indiana Occupational Competency Testing Center were expanded to accommodate the requirements of the new Occupational Specialist Certificate for secondary vocational teacher credentialling. A pilot project involved three regional sites in the state. The director of the host area site acted as area…

Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN.

220

Occupational asthma: an overview.  

PubMed

Occupational asthma is a form of asthma that is often under-diagnosed and under-reported. Unrecognized occupational asthma can lead to progression of disease and increased morbidity. The medical history is a critical element for establishing a diagnosis of OA. The history should include a detailed assessment of the workplace environment, the work process, changes in symptoms in and away from the workplace, and a review of relevant material safety data sheets that may provide clues regarding exposure(s) and the potential cause(s). Objective testing including spirometry pre- and post-bronchodilators, peak expiratory flow rate monitoring in and out of the workplace, provocation testing (i.e., methacholine challenge) to assess for airway hyperresponsiveness, and, if feasible, specific provocation by experienced personnel in a controlled setting to a suspected inciting agent are necessary for confirming a diagnosis. Skin or serologic testing for specific IgE to aeroallergens to assess the worker's atopic status is useful especially when considering certain forms of OA where atopy is a risk factor. Specialized laboratory testing may be useful for specific OA causes. It is important to correctly make the diagnosis of OA as the impact on the worker's future employment and earning power can be significantly affected. PMID:24633615

Tan, Jessica; Bernstein, Jonathan A

2014-05-01

221

An Exploration of the Role of Occupation in School-Based Occupational Therapy Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the role of occupation in school-based occupational therapy practice. The research questions were (1) How do school-based occupational therapists describe the role of occupation during intervention? (2) Which theories of occupation do school-based occupational therapists associate with their own practice?…

Benson, Jeryl DiSanti

2010-01-01

222

Cognitive Processing Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Secondary to a Motor Vehicle Accident: A Single-Subject Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) are fairly common occurrences in all developed countries. Although only a small percentage of total MVAs result in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the high base rate in the population has resulted in the estimation that MVAs are the leading cause of PTSD in the United States. Occupations that require…

Galovski, Tara E.; Resick, Patricia A.

2008-01-01

223

2014OCCUPATIONAL & ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE SYMPOSIUM  

E-print Network

for physicians, nurses, and other occupational and environmental health professionals practicing in clinics of Public Health Integrating Employee Assistance into Occupational Health and Wellness to Sustain Total Worker Health John Dillon Riley, MD Chevron Corporation Writing Ratable Medical Reports Tani Perez

Leistikow, Bruce N.

224

CAREER GUIDE FOR DEMAND OCCUPATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PUBLICATION UPDATES THE "CAREER GUIDE FOR DEMAND OCCUPATIONS" PUBLISHED IN 1959 AND PROVIDES COUNSELORS WITH INFORMATION ABOUT OCCUPATIONS IN DEMAND IN MANY AREAS WHICH REQUIRE PREEMPLOYMENT TRAINING. IT PRESENTS, IN COLUMN FORM, THE EDUCATION AND OTHER TRAINING USUALLY REQUIRED BY EMPLOYERS, HIGH SCHOOL SUBJECTS OF PARTICULAR PERTINENCE TO…

LEE, E.R.; WELCH, JOHN L.

225

Career and Occupational Development Items.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The career and occupational development items contained in this document are part of a kit consisting of four documents which bring together different types of items that measure a number of career and occupational development (COD) objectives developed by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). (NAEP--which completed a national…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO. National Assessment of Educational Progress.

226

Occupational seafood allergy: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUNDRecent years have seen increased levels of production and consumption of seafood, leading to more frequent reporting of allergic reactions in occupational and domestic settings. This review focuses on occupational allergy in the fishing and seafood processing industry.REVIEWWorkers involved in either manual or automated processing of crabs, prawns, mussels, fish, and fishmeal production are commonly exposed to various constituents of

M F Jeebhay; T G Robins; S B Lehrer; A L Lopata

2001-01-01

227

Occupational asthma due to formaldehyde  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bronchial provocation studies on 15 workers occupationally exposed to formaldehyde are described. The results show that formaldehyde exposure can cause asthmatic reactions, and suggest that these are sometimes due to hypersensitivity and sometimes to a direct irritant effect. Three workers had classical occupational asthma caused by formaldehyde fumes, which was likely to be due to hypersensitivity, with late asthmatic reactions

P S Burge; M G Harries; W K Lam; I M OBrien; P A Patchett

1985-01-01

228

Performance Specifications for Occupational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document lists and discusses the development of Maryland's performance specifications for occupational programs. The introduction explains the process used to develop performance standards and specifications for 10 career cluster majors that were identified by a task force of educators and employers as high-demand occupational areas in…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore. Div. of Career Technology and Adult Learning.

229

NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY (NOES)  

EPA Science Inventory

From 1981 to 1983, NIOSH conducted the National Occupational Exposure Survey (NOES) that collected data on potential occupational exposures to chemical, physical, and biological agents. The survey involved on-site visits to 4,490 establishments in 522 industry types [OMB 1972] em...

230

NATIONAL TRAUMATIC OCCUPATIONAL FATALITIES (NTOF)  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) surveillance system is a death certificate-based census of occupational injury deaths. Death certificates are obtained from the 50 States, New York City, and the District of Columbia for decedent's ages 16 years or older with ...

231

Pathways to STEMM Support Occupations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The preceding articles in this issue of the Peabody Journal of Education have focused on preparation for and entry into professional positions in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and medicine (STEMM). This article shifts the focus from professional positions to STEMM support occupations, focusing on the preparation necessary for entrance into this alternate STEMM field. As a group, STEMM support occupations

V. Scott Solberg; Linda G. Kimmel; Jon D. Miller

2012-01-01

232

Occupational therapy for multiple sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are referred to occupational therapy with complaints about fatigue, limb weakness, alteration of upper extremity fine motor coordination, loss of sensation and spasticity that causes limitations in performance of activities of daily living and social participation. The primary purpose of occupational therapy is to enable individuals to participate in self-care, work and leisure activities that

E. M. J. Steultjens; J. Dekker; L. M. Bouter; M. Cardol; J. C. M. van de Nes; C. H. M. van den Ende

2003-01-01

233

Occupational therapy for rheumatoid arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: For persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) the physical, personal, familial, social and vocational consequences are extensive. Occupational therapy (OT), with the aim to facilitate task performance and to decrease the consequences of rheumatoid arthritis for daily life activities, is considered to be a cornerstone in the management of rheumatoid arthritis. Till now the efficacy of occupational therapy for patients

E. M. J. Steultjens; J. Dekker; L. M. Bouter; D. J. van Schaardenburg; M. A. H. van Kuyk; C. H. M. van den Ende

2004-01-01

234

The purpose of occupational medicine.  

PubMed Central

The purposes of occupational medicine are described in terms of its clinical medical, environmental medical, research, and administrative content. Each of these components is essential in different proportions in comprehensive occupational health services for different industries, and can only be satisfactorily provided by occupational physicians and occupational health nurses who are an integral part of their organizations. Two-thirds of the working population in the United Kingdom are without the benefits of occupational medicine. The reorganization of the National Health Service and of local government presents the opportunity to extend occupational health services to many more workers who need them. It is suggested that area health authorities should provide occupational health services for all National Health Service staff and, on an agency basis, for local government and associated services, eventually extending to local industry. Such area health authority based services, merged with the Employment Medical Advisory Service, could conveniently then be part of the National Health Service, as recommended by the British Medical Association, the Society of Occupational Medicine, and the Medical Services Review Committee. PMID:1131336

Raffle, P A

1975-01-01

235

Occupational Segregation: Analysis and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an overview of occupational segregation, which keeps women in lower-paying job categories, especially as this segregation pertains to federal job programs. The first two sections of the paper survey occupational segregation in general, examining the statistics which show that women are heavily concentrated into a very limited…

Millsap, Mary Ann

236

Business Financial Occupations: Skill Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report organizes the information provided by 71 individuals in finance-related occupations in 11 states into skills inventories for persons in these jobs. The skills inventories contain the following sections: (1) occupation-specific knowledge (communication, mathematics, science); (2) workplace behaviors (work ethics, interpersonal…

Vocational Technical Education Consortium of States, Decatur, GA.

237

Business Management Occupations: Skill Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report organizes the information provided by 77 individuals in business management occupations in 12 states into skills inventories for persons in these jobs. The skills inventories contain the following sections: (1) occupation-specific knowledge (communication, mathematics, science); (2) workplace behaviors (work ethics, interpersonal…

Vocational Technical Education Consortium of States, Decatur, GA.

238

5 CFR 9701.211 - Occupational clusters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Occupational clusters. 9701.211 Section 9701.211...Structure § 9701.211 Occupational clusters. For the purpose of classifying...coordination with OPM, establish occupational clusters based on factors such as...

2014-01-01

239

5 CFR 9701.211 - Occupational clusters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Occupational clusters. 9701.211 Section 9701.211...Structure § 9701.211 Occupational clusters. For the purpose of classifying...coordination with OPM, establish occupational clusters based on factors such as...

2012-01-01

240

5 CFR 9701.211 - Occupational clusters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Occupational clusters. 9701.211 Section 9701.211...Structure § 9701.211 Occupational clusters. For the purpose of classifying...coordination with OPM, establish occupational clusters based on factors such as...

2013-01-01

241

5 CFR 9701.211 - Occupational clusters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Occupational clusters. 9701.211 Section 9701.211...Structure § 9701.211 Occupational clusters. For the purpose of classifying...coordination with OPM, establish occupational clusters based on factors such as...

2011-01-01

242

[Results of epidemiological research in occupational morbidity].  

PubMed

The authors present materials on real prevalence of occupational diseases, calculate the diseases' share per economically active population, demonstrate thorough analysis of occupational morbidity in major industrial city, prove positive role of Occupational Pathology Center. PMID:11715720

Retnev, V M; Shliakhetski?, N S; Bo?ko, I V; Ivanova, F A; Petruk, Iu A; Dedkova, L E; Gurevich, E P; Milutka, E V; Karulina, O A; Otniukov, O A; Arshinova, T I; Naumova, T M; Gerasimova, L B; Veselova, T G

2001-01-01

243

Achieving Quality in Occupational Health  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The conference convened approximately 100 registered participants of invited guest speakers, NASA presenters, and a broad spectrum of the Occupational Health disciplines representing NASA Headquarters and all NASA Field Centers. Centered on the theme, "Achieving Quality in Occupational Health," conferees heard presentations from award winning occupational health program professionals within the Agency and from private industry; updates on ISO 9000 status, quality assurance, and information technologies; workshops on ergonomics and respiratory protection; an overview from the newly commissioned NASA Occupational Health Assessment Team; and a keynote speech on improving women's health. In addition, NASA occupational health specialists presented 24 poster sessions and oral deliveries on various aspects of current practice at their field centers.

O'Donnell, Michele (Editor); Hoffler, G. Wyckliffe (Editor)

1997-01-01

244

Occupational cyanide poisoning  

PubMed Central

Cyanide poisoning has existed for centuries. In most cases, cyanide is combined with other toxic substances; for example with carbon monoxide in fire smoke. Cases of pure cyanide poisoning are rare, and usually due to accidental exposure. Their treatment is based on oxygenation and the infusion of hydroxocobalamin. The seriousness of this type of poisoning calls for a rapid and specific response, which demonstrates the usefulness of non-hospital based medical treatment. The authors report here the case of a man who was the victim of occupational poisoning with sodium cyanide and who was treated at the workplace by fire-fighters and the Service Mobile d’Urgence et Reanimation emergency ambulance service. PMID:22674698

Amizet, Loic; Pruvot, Gauthier; Remy, Sophie; Kfoury, Michel

2011-01-01

245

Occupational ergonomics in space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ergonomics is often defined simply as the study of work. Related or synonymous terms include human factors, human engineering, engineering psychology, and others. Occupational ergonomics is a term that has been proposed to describe the study of the working environment, including the physical consequences resulting from having an improperly designed workplace. The routine space working environment presents some problems not found in the typical Earthbound workplace. These include radiation, intravehicular contamination/pollution, temperature extremes, impact with other objects, limited psychosocial relationships, sensory deprivation, and reduced gravity. These are important workplace considerations, and may affect astronauts either directly at work or at some point during their life as a result of their work under these conditions. Some of the major issues associated with each of these hazards are presented.

Stramler, J.

1992-01-01

246

Gender, Occupation and Earnings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a Problems in American Institutions class for undergraduate students. This activity explores impacts of gender on occupation and earnings in the United States. This activity uses a customized data set made from the 2000 Census. It provides students with data tables to analyze. There are two handouts to introduce second module used in class: Hand-out 1 is given at beginning of class; students discuss tables and write brief summaries -entire class period spent teaching how to talk and write about findings; develop idea of control variable. Hand-out 2 is passed out at end of class. Students are asked to review write-up following day, given a quiz asking them to describe set of tables; module distributed afterward.

Jill Bouma

247

Occupation and multiple myeloma: an occupation and industry analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable plasma cell malignancy with a poorly understood etiology. The purpose of our research was to examine relationships between lifetime occupations and MM in a relatively large case-control study. Methods MM cases (n=180) were identified through cancer registries in the Seattle-Puget Sound area and Detroit. Population-based controls (n=481) were identified using random digit dialing and Medicare and Medicaid Services files. In-person interviews were conducted to ascertain occupational histories. Standard occupational classification (SOC) and standard industrial classification (SIC) codes were assigned to each job held by each participant. Unconditional logistic regression was used to generate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for associations between MM and having ever worked in each occupation/industry and according to duration of employment in an occupation/industry. Results The risk of MM was associated with several manufacturing occupations and industries, including machine operators and tenders, not elsewhere classified (SOC 76) (OR=1.8, CI=1.0–3.3); textile, apparel, and furnishing machine operators and tenders (SOC 765) (OR=6.0, CI=1.7–21); and machinery manufacturing, except electrical (SIC 35) (OR=3.3, CI=1.7–6.7). Several service occupations and industries, such as food and beverage preparation (SOC 521) (OR=2.0, CI=1.1–3.8), were also associated with MM. One occupation that has been associated with MM in several previous studies, painters, paperhangers, and plasterers (SOC 644), was associated with a non–significantly elevated risk (OR=3.6, CI=0.7–19). Conclusions We found associations between the risk of MM and employment in several manufacturing and service-related occupations and industries. PMID:20623662

Gold, Laura S; Milliken, Kevin; Stewart, Patricia; Purdue, Mark; Severson, Richard; Seixas, Noah; Blair, Aaron; Davis, Scott; Hartge, Patricia; De Roos, Anneclaire J

2011-01-01

248

[Prevention of bicycle accidents].  

PubMed

For a very precise analysis of all injured bicyclists in Germany it would be important to have definitions for "severely injured", "seriously injured" and "critically injured". By this, e.g., two-thirds of surgically treated bicyclists who are not registered by the police could become available for a general analysis. Elderly bicyclists (>?60 years) are a minority (10?%) but represent a majority (50?%) of all fatalities. They profit most by wearing a helmet and would be less injured by using special bicycle bags, switching on their hearing aids and following all traffic rules. E-bikes are used more and more (145?% more in 2012 vs. 2011) with 600,000 at the end of 2011 and are increasingly involved in accidents but still have a lack of legislation. So even for pedelecs 45 with 500?W and a possible speed of 45?km/h there is still no legislative demand for the use of a protecting helmet. 96?% of all injured cyclists in Germany had more than 0.5?‰ alcohol in their blood, 86?% more than 1.1?‰ and 59?% more than 1.7?‰. Fatalities are seen in 24.2?% of cases without any collision partner. Therefore the ADFC calls for a limit of 1.1?‰. Some virtual studies conclude that integrated sensors in bicycle helmets which would interact with sensors in cars could prevent collisions or reduce the severity of injury by stopping the cars automatically. Integrated sensors in cars with opening angles of 180° enable about 93?% of all bicyclists to be detected leading to a high rate of injury avoidance and/or mitigation. Hanging lamps reduce with 35?% significantly bicycle accidents for children, traffic education for children and special trainings for elderly bicyclists are also recommended as prevention tools. As long as helmet use for bicyclists in Germany rates only 9?% on average and legislative orders for using a helmet will not be in force in the near future, coming up campaigns seem to be necessary to be promoted by the Deutscher Verkehrssicherheitsrat as, e.g., "Helmets are cool". Also, spots in TV should be broadcasted like "The 7th sense" or "Traffic compass", which were warning car drivers many years ago of moments of danger but now they could be used to warn bicyclists of life-threatening situations in traffic. PMID:25874397

Zwipp, H; Barthel, P; Bönninger, J; Bürkle, H; Hagemeister, C; Hannawald, L; Huhn, R; Kühn, M; Liers, H; Maier, R; Otte, D; Prokop, G; Seeck, A; Sturm, J; Unger, T

2015-04-01

249

Occupational seafood allergy: a review  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND—Recent years have seen increased levels of production and consumption of seafood, leading to more frequent reporting of allergic reactions in occupational and domestic settings. This review focuses on occupational allergy in the fishing and seafood processing industry.?REVIEW—Workers involved in either manual or automated processing of crabs, prawns, mussels, fish, and fishmeal production are commonly exposed to various constituents of seafood. Aerosolisation of seafood and cooking fluid during processing are potential occupational situations that could result in sensitisation through inhalation. There is great variability of aerosol exposure within and among various jobs with reported allergen concentrations ranging from 0.001 to 5.061(µg/m3). Occupational dermal exposure occurs as a result of unprotected handling of seafood and its byproducts. Occupational allergies have been reported in workers exposed to arthropods (crustaceans), molluscs, pisces (bony fish) and other agents derived from seafood. The prevalence of occupational asthma ranges from 7% to 36%, and for occupational protein contact dermatitis, from 3% to 11%. These health outcomes are mainly due to high molecular weight proteins in seafood causing an IgE mediated response. Cross reactivity between various species within a major seafood grouping also occurs. Limited evidence from dose-response relations indicate that development of symptoms is related to duration or intensity of exposure. The evidence for atopy as a risk factor for occupational sensitisation and asthma is supportive, whereas evidence for cigarette smoking is limited. Disruption of the intact skin barrier seems to be an important added risk factor for occupational protein contact dermatitis.?CONCLUSION—The range of allergic disease associated with occupational exposure to crab is well characterised, whereas for other seafood agents the evidence is somewhat limited. There is a need for further epidemiological studies to better characterise this risk. More detailed characterisation of specific protein antigens in aerosols and associated establishment of dose-response relations for acute and chronic exposure to seafood; the respective roles of skin contact and inhalational exposure in allergic sensitisation and cross reactivity; and the contribution of host associated factors in the development of occupational seafood allergies are important areas for future research.???Keywords: occupational seafood allergy; occupational asthma; protein contact dermatitis PMID:11511741

Jeebhay, M; Robins, T; Lehrer, S; Lopata, A

2001-01-01

250

Job stress, mental health, and accidents among offshore workers in the oil and gas extraction industries.  

PubMed

Psychosocial and occupational stressors among 194 male employees on drilling rig and production platform installations in the United Kingdom and Dutch sectors of the North Sea were studied. Mental well-being and job satisfaction were also assessed, with attention to the incidence of accidents offshore. This occupational group were found to be much less satisfied with their jobs than their onshore counterparts. Although overall mental well-being compared favorably with that of the general population, levels of anxiety were significantly higher. Multivariate analysis showed "relationships at work and at home" to be a strong predictor of both job dissatisfaction and mental ill-health. Type A coronary-prone behavior was also found to be a significant predictor of reduced mental well-being and increased accident rates offshore. PMID:3819891

Cooper, C L; Sutherland, V J

1987-02-01

251

Training rail accident investigators in UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the UK a number of high severity rail accidents, combined with structural change in the rail industry led to the need for revised accident investigation procedures. The revised procedure addressed identified issues with accident investigation, but to ensure maximum benefit in terms of identification of underlying causes of accidents and the production of good recommendations, training for rail industry

Stephen Watson

2004-01-01

252

Aircraft accidents : method of analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report on a method of analysis of aircraft accidents has been prepared by a special committee on the nomenclature, subdivision, and classification of aircraft accidents organized by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics in response to a request dated February 18, 1928, from the Air Coordination Committee consisting of the Assistant Secretaries for Aeronautics in the Departments of War, Navy, and Commerce. The work was undertaken in recognition of the difficulty of drawing correct conclusions from efforts to analyze and compare reports of aircraft accidents prepared by different organizations using different classifications and definitions. The air coordination committee's request was made "in order that practices used may henceforth conform to a standard and be universally comparable." the purpose of the special committee therefore was to prepare a basis for the classification and comparison of aircraft accidents, both civil and military. (author)

1929-01-01

253

Columbia Accident Probe Widens  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Columbia Accident Investigation Board has identified about a dozen shuttle program safety concerns it will address in its final report, in addition to foam shedding from the Lockheed Martin external tank-believed by many board members to be the direct cause for the loss of Columbia and her crew. As new evidence narrows the location of Columbia's left-wing breach to a lower corner of reinforced carbon-carbon (RCC) Panel 8 and its adjoining T-seal, the board is broadening its penetration of other shuttle safety issues. As the board works in Houston, United Space Alliance technicians here at Kennedy last week sent the first six of 22 RCC panels from the orbiter Atlantis left wing to Vought Aircraft Industries Inc. in Dallas for extensive testing to assess their integrity. The move is a key step toward both returning the shuttle to flight with Atlantis and obtaining more data on RCC panels subjected to fewer flights, and less exposure to the weather, than the older panels used on Columbia.

Covault, Craig

2003-01-01

254

Occupational Neurological Disorders in Korea  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this article was to provide a literature review of occupational neurological disorders and related research in Korea, focusing on chemical hazards. We reviewed occupational neurological disorders investigated by the Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute of Korean Occupational Safety and Health Agency between 1992 and 2009, categorizing them as neurological disorders of the central nervous system (CNS), of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) or as neurodegenerative disorders. We also examined peer-reviewed journal articles related to neurotoxicology, published from 1984 to 2009. Outbreaks of occupational neurological disorder of the CNS due to inorganic mercury and carbon disulfide poisoning had helped prompt the development of the occupational safety and health system of Korea. Other major neurological disorders of the CNS included methyl bromide intoxication and chronic toxic encephalopathy. Most of the PNS disorders were n-hexane-induced peripheral neuritis, reported from the electronics industry. Reports of manganese-induced Parkinsonism resulted in the introduction of neuroimaging techniques to occupational medicine. Since the late 1990s, the direction of research has been moving toward degenerative disorder and early effect of neurotoxicity. To understand the early effects of neurotoxic chemicals in the preclinical stage, more follow-up studies of a longer duration are necessary. PMID:21258587

Kang, Seong-Kyu

2010-01-01

255

An Aircraft Accident Investigation: Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aircraft accidents are usually complex, and hence their investigation requires expertise from several fields. The challenge\\u000a for an investigating team is to analyze the bits and pieces of information gathered in the course of the investigation through\\u000a background information, interrogation, and material evidence and stitch them into a descriptive picture to arrive at the possible\\u000a cause(s) of the accident. During

S. K. Bhaumik

2008-01-01

256

Spine Immobilizer for Accident Victims  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Proposed conformal bladder filled with tiny spheres called "microballoons," enables spine of accident victim to be rapidly immobilized and restrained and permit victim to be safely removed from accident scene in extremely short time after help arrives. Microballoons expand to form rigid mass when pressure within bladder is less than ambient. Bladder strapped to victim is also strapped to rescue chair. Void between bladder and chair is filled with cloth wedges.

Vykukal, H. C.; Lampson, K.

1983-01-01

257

Prevention of road accidents in Australia.  

PubMed

Since 1970, the Australian road fatality rate has been reduced by two-thirds. Legislation for compulsory wearing of seat belts reduced the vehicle occupant fatality rate by more than one-third. Drunk driving countermeasures have included the 0.05 g% legal limit and mandatory disqualification, random breath testing, compulsory blood alcohol tests on all road crash casualties and a zero blood alcohol limit for learner and probationary drivers and motor cyclists. Since 1977 there has been a steady reduction in the proportion of driver and motor cyclist fatalities and casualties with illegal blood alcohol concentrations. Helmet wearing is compulsory for motor cyclists. A one-third reduction in accidents with injury among learner and probationary motor cyclists followed legislation restricting them to machines of 260 cm3 maximum engine capacity. Safety helmet wearing has been recently popularized among pedal cyclists and legislation is anticipated which will make approved safety helmet wearing mandatory. A considerably smaller reduction in our road toll would have occurred if Australians had been unwilling to accept countermeasures opposed by civil libertarians. PMID:6571110

McDermott, F T

258

Occupational Chemical Exposures Among Cosmetologists  

PubMed Central

More research is needed to understand possible occupational reproductive risks for cosmetologists, specifically hairdressers and nail technicians, two occupations that often share workspace and exposure to hair dyes and nail polish. Cosmetologists are predominantly females of reproductive age; thus, they may be at higher risk for the effects of exposure to reproductive toxins. The purpose of this article is to inform nurses and public health professionals about occupational exposures for cosmetologists and discuss interventions to reduce the risks of reproductive disorders among susceptible worker populations. PMID:24328919

Pak, Victoria M.; Powers, Martha; Liu, Jianghong

2014-01-01

259

Academic & Financial Awards Master of Occupational Therapy Program  

E-print Network

Academic & Financial Awards 2011-2012 Master of Occupational Therapy Program Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy University of British Columbia Page | 1 Each year, the Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy distributes academic and financial awards to deserving students

Aamodt, Tor

260

[Accidents of fulguration].  

PubMed

Fulguration, first electric accident in which the man was a victim, is to day better known. A clap of thunder is decomposed in two elements: lightning, and thunder. Lightning is caused by an electrical discharge, either within a cloud, or between two clouds, or, above all, between a cloud and the surface of the ground. Experimental equipments owned by the French Electricity Company and by the Atomic Energy Commission, have allowed to photograph lightnings and to measure certain physical characteristics (Intensity variable between 25 to 100 kA, voltage variable between 20 to 1 000 kV). The frequency of storms was learned: the isokeraunic level, in France, is about 20, meaning that thunder is heard twenty days during one year. Man may be stricken by thunder by direct hit, by sudden bursting, by earth current, or through various conductors. The electric charge which reached him may go to the earth directly by contact with the ground or may dissipate in the air through a bony promontory (elbow). The total number of victims, "wounded" or deceased, is not now known by statistics. Death comes by insulation breakdown of one of several anatomic cephalic formations: skull, meninx, brain. Many various lesions may happen in survivors: loss of consciousness, more or less long, sensorial or motion deficiencies. All these signs are momentary and generally reversible. Besides one may observe much more intense lesions on the skin: burns and, over all, characteristic aborescence (skin effect by high frequency current). The heart is protected, contrarily to what happens with industrial electrocution. The curative treatment is merely symptomatic : reanimation, surgery for burns or associated traumatic lesions. A prevention is researched to help the lonely man, in the country or in the mountains in the houses (lightning conductor, Faraday cage), in vehicles (aircraft, cars, ships). The mysterious and unforseeable character of lightning still stays, leaving a door opened for numerous investigations. PMID:1008283

Virenque, C; Laguerre, J

1976-01-01

261

Accident Tolerant Fuel Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Safety is central to the design, licensing, operation, and economics of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). Consequently, the ability to better characterize and quantify safety margin holds the key to improved decision making about light water reactor design, operation, and plant life extension. A systematic approach to characterization of safety margins and the subsequent margins management options represents a vital input to the licensee and regulatory analysis and decision making that will be involved. The purpose of the Risk Informed Safety Margin Characterization (RISMC) Pathway research and development (R&D) is to support plant decisions for risk-informed margins management by improving economics and reliability, and sustaining safety, of current NPPs. Goals of the RISMC Pathway are twofold: (1) Develop and demonstrate a risk-assessment method coupled to safety margin quantification that can be used by NPP decision makers as part of their margin recovery strategies. (2) Create an advanced “RISMC toolkit” that enables more accurate representation of NPP safety margin. In order to carry out the R&D needed for the Pathway, the Idaho National Laboratory is performing a series of case studies that will explore methods- and tools-development issues, in addition to being of current interest in their own right. One such study is a comparative analysis of safety margins of plants using different fuel cladding types: specifically, a comparison between current-technology Zircaloy cladding and a notional “accident-tolerant” (e.g., SiC-based) cladding. The present report begins the process of applying capabilities that are still under development to the problem of assessing new fuel designs. The approach and lessons learned from this case study will be included in future Technical Basis Guides produced by the RISMC Pathway. These guides will be the mechanism for developing the specifications for RISMC tools and for defining how plant decision makers should propose and evaluate margin recovery strategies.

Curtis Smith; Heather Chichester; Jesse Johns; Melissa Teague; Michael Tonks; Robert Youngblood

2014-09-01

262

ACCIDENT TOLERANT FUEL ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

Safety is central to the design, licensing, operation, and economics of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). Consequently, the ability to better characterize and quantify safety margin holds the key to improved decision making about light water reactor design, operation, and plant life extension. A systematic approach to characterization of safety margins and the subsequent margins management options represents a vital input to the licensee and regulatory analysis and decision making that will be involved. The purpose of the Risk Informed Safety Margin Characterization (RISMC) Pathway research and development (R&D) is to support plant decisions for risk-informed margins management by improving economics and reliability, and sustaining safety, of current NPPs. Goals of the RISMC Pathway are twofold: (1) Develop and demonstrate a risk-assessment method coupled to safety margin quantification that can be used by NPP decision makers as part of their margin recovery strategies. (2) Create an advanced “RISMC toolkit” that enables more accurate representation of NPP safety margin. In order to carry out the R&D needed for the Pathway, the Idaho National Laboratory is performing a series of case studies that will explore methods- and tools-development issues, in addition to being of current interest in their own right. One such study is a comparative analysis of safety margins of plants using different fuel cladding types: specifically, a comparison between current-technology Zircaloy cladding and a notional “accident-tolerant” (e.g., SiC-based) cladding. The present report begins the process of applying capabilities that are still under development to the problem of assessing new fuel designs. The approach and lessons learned from this case study will be included in future Technical Basis Guides produced by the RISMC Pathway. These guides will be the mechanism for developing the specifications for RISMC tools and for defining how plant decision makers should propose and evaluate margin recovery strategies.

Smith, Curtis [Idaho National Laboratory; Chichester, Heather [Idaho National Laboratory; Johns, Jesse [Texas A& M University; Teague, Melissa [Idaho National Laboratory; Tonks, Michael Idaho National Laboratory; Youngblood, Robert [Idaho National Laboratory

2014-09-01

263

Occupational exposure to manganese.  

PubMed Central

The relationship between the degree of exposure and biological effects of manganese was studied in a group of 369 workers employed in the production of ferroalloys. Two other groups of workers, from an electrode plant and from an aluminium rolling mill, served as controls. Mean manganese concentrations at work places where ferroalloys were produced varied from 0-301 to 20-442 mg/m3. The exposure level of the two control groups was from 2 to 30 microgram/m3 and from 0-05 to 0-07 microgram/m3, in the electrode plant and rolling mill respectively. Sixty-two (16-8%) manganese alloy workers showed some signs of neurological impairment. These signs were noticeably less in the two control groups (5-8% and 0%) than in the occupationally exposed group. Subjective symptoms, which are nonspecific but may be symptoms of subclinical manganism, were not markedly different in the three groups. However, in the manganese alloy workers some of the subjective symptoms occurred more frequently in heavier smokers than in light smokers or nonsmokers. Heavier smokers engaged in manganese alloy production showed some of the subjective symptoms more often than heavier smokers from the control groups. PMID:871441

Sari?, M; Marki?evi?, A; Hrusti?, O

1977-01-01

264

Occupational Injuries, Illnesses and Fatalities  

MedlinePLUS

... current research Comparing fatal work injuries in the United States and the European Union See more Monthly Labor ... counts ( PDF 111K) Fatal Occupational Injuries in the United States, 1995-1999: A Chartbook Use of Workers' Compensation ...

265

The spatial clustering of occupations  

E-print Network

Workers in similar occupations cluster, much like firms in similar industries. This may be due to firm clustering, but I propose a supply-side mechanism that may also provide an explanation. When workers face a risk of ...

Swift, Henry Spencer

2014-01-01

266

Sample Occupations Sample Work Settings  

E-print Network

Opportunities in Occupational Therapy Careers........... IIB 29­1122 A2 PHYSICIANS Acupuncturist Allergist Aide THERAPISTS Art Therapist Audiologist Inhalation/Respiratory Therapist Kinesiotherapist Massage Technician Medical Technologist Nuclear Med. Tech. Optician Pharmacy Technician Phlebotomist Physical Therapy

Ronquist, Fredrik

267

Teaching Occupational Health to Physicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive training program is described that prepares students to identify and prevent occupational disease, emphasizing public health. Content areas include epidemiology and biostatistics, toxicology, industrial hygiene, safety and ergonomics, policy issues, administration, and clinical aspects. (Author/LBH)

Wegman, David H.; And Others

1978-01-01

268

Occupational health nursing in hungary.  

PubMed

This article is the first about occupational health nursing in Hungary. The authors describe the Hungarian health care and occupational health care systems, including nursing education and professional organizations for occupational health nurses. The Fundamental Law of Hungary guarantees the right of every employee to healthy and safe working conditions, daily and weekly rest times and annual paid leave, and physical and mental health. Hungary promotes the exercise of these rights by managing industrial safety and health care, providing access to healthy food, supporting sports and regular physical exercise, and ensuring environmental protection. According to the law, the responsibility for regulation of the occupational health service lies with the Ministry of Human Resources. Safety regulations are under the aegis of the Ministry of National Economy. [Workplace Health Saf 2014;62(10):421-430.]. PMID:25139783

Hirdi, Henriett Éva; Hong, OiSaeng

2014-10-01

269

Occupational cancer: experience in Ontario.  

PubMed Central

This paper reviews the experience of the Workmen's Compensation Board of Ontario in identifying cases of cancer that could be attributed to occupational hazards. Worker's claims for compensation are allowed if there is reasonable medical evidence that their cancer was caused by exposure to risk factors associated with their occupation. Details of the types of cancer associated with specific carcinogens or fields of employment are discussed. About 50% of the cases were related to exposure in particular industrial operations that functioned for relatively brief periods. The number of deaths from cancer identified as being caused by occupational factors is compared with the total for cancer from all causes in Ontario during the period 1971 through 1975. Although all workers eligible for compensation may not have been identified, the data suggest that less than 1% of cancer is presently caused by occupational factors. PMID:6460552

Chovil, A. C.; McCracken, W. J.; Dowd, E. C.; Stewart, C.; Burton, D. F.; Dyer, D. W.

1981-01-01

270

Environmental Occupational Health Protection Laws  

E-print Network

The manufacturing, processing, and use of chemicals and materials in industrial, workplaces are often accompanied by environmental, health, and safety hazards and risks. Occupational and environmental factors cause or ...

Ashford, Nicholas

2008-01-01

271

Occupational safety and health in India: now and the future.  

PubMed

India, a growing economy and world's largest democracy, has population exceeding 1.2 billion. Out of this huge number, 63.6% form working age group. More than 90% work in the informal economy, mainly agriculture and services. Less than 10% work in the organized sector; mainly industry, mining and some services. New service industries like Information Technology (IT), Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) are increasing rapidly; so is the proportion of females in the workforce. The occupational safety and health (OSH) scenario in India is complex. Unprecedented growth and progress go hand in hand with challenges such as huge workforce in unorganized sector, availability of cheap labor, meager public spending on health, inadequate implementation of existing legislation, lack of reliable OSH data, shortage of OSH professionals, multiplicity of statutory controls, apathy of stakeholders and infrastructure problems. The national policy on OSH at workplace, adopted by the government in 2009, is yet to be implemented. Some of the major occupational risks are accidents, pneumoconiosis, musculoskeletal injuries, chronic obstructive lung diseases; pesticide poisoning and noise induced hearing loss. The three most important OSH needs are: 1. legislation to extend OSH coverage to all sectors of working life including the unorganized sector; 2. spreading the awareness about OSH among stakeholders; 3. development of OSH infrastructure and OSH professionals. Other issues include integration of occupational health with primary health care. PMID:22790480

Pingle, Shyam

2012-01-01

272

Children's Sextyped Views of Traditional Occupational Roles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined children's views of traditional occupations in a study of 300 elementary school students who viewed photographs of 18 occupations. Results showed for most of the 18 occupational roles, students chose a traditional male or female role. The occupations of homemaker and firefighter received the most stereotyped scores. (JAC)

Barnhart, Ruth S.

1983-01-01

273

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PRACTITIONERS AND POLICY  

E-print Network

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IN FRANCE: PRACTITIONERS AND POLICY A STUDY OF 803 FRENCH OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (OSH) PRACTITIONERS A QUANTITATIVE APPROACH ­ NOVEMBER 2010 [study] #12;OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IN FRANCE: PRACTITIONERS AND POLICY A STUDY OF 803 FRENCH OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

274

Occupational Information 1990/91. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Nebraska Occupational Information books (volumes I and II) contain information about 386 different occupations in the state and answer questions about specific occupations in detail. The descriptions are arranged according to a U.S. Department of Labor classification system, with occupational titles clustered in general groups of selected…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Nebraska Career Information System.

275

[Occupational morbidity of railway transport workers].  

PubMed

The authors present results of medical social monitoring of occupationalhazards that are the most prevalent in railway occupations workers, statistic data on occupational morbidity of railway transport workers over last 10 years. The article covers major causes of unfavorable effects resulting from occupational hazards in various workers categories. Dynamics of occupational morbidity parameters and its structure concerning separate nosologic entities are analyzed. PMID:25826875

2015-01-01

276

Effective Interdisciplinary Teamwork: An Occupational Therapy Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: First, to describe the focus and scope of occupational therapy and some contributions of occupational therapy in mental health settings. Second, to identify opportunities for enhancing interdisciplinary teamwork so as to effectively address the full range of needs and issues experienced by people living with mental illness, from an occupational therapist's perspective.Conclusions: The significance of occupation for health and

Ellie Fossey

2001-01-01

277

Master of Occupational Therapy Professional Curriculum  

E-print Network

Master of Occupational Therapy Professional Curriculum Fall Semester -- Professional Year 1 OT 3000 Occupational Therapy Research I 3 cr. OT 4050 Life Occupations I (Self Care) 3 cr. Semester Total Credits: 6 OT 6070 Occupational Therapy Research II (Project Required) 3 cr. Semester Total Credits: 16 OT 5050 Life

Berdichevsky, Victor

278

Emergy of the Occupations. Chapter 43  

EPA Science Inventory

In this paper we calculated the emergy contributed to the economy of the United States in the work done by the workers of 558 occupations in 2008. We determined the empower (semj/yr) delivered by an individual engaged in each occupation, the transformity of the occupation?s work ...

279

Occupation and cancer in Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:Prioritising control measures for occupationally related cancers should be evidence based. We estimated the current burden of cancer in Britain attributable to past occupational exposures for International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) group 1 (established) and 2A (probable) carcinogens.Methods:We calculated attributable fractions and numbers for cancer mortality and incidence using risk estimates from the literature and national data sources

L Rushton; S Bagga; R Bevan; T P Brown; J W Cherrie; P Holmes; L Fortunato; R Slack; M Van Tongeren; C Young; S J Hutchings

2010-01-01

280

Occupational asthma due to azodicarbonamide.  

PubMed

Azodicarbonamide is a low molecular weight foaming agent for plastics and rubbers. Azodicarbonamide can elicit acute and chronic health related problems due to its potential for pulmonary and cutaneous sensitization. Some cases of occupational asthma associated with exposure to azodicarbonamide have been reported, of which only a few cases were confirmed by specific inhalation challenges. Here, the first case of occupational asthma due to azodicarbonamide in Korea, in which the diagnosis was confirmed by specific inhalation challenge, is reported. PMID:15119006

Kim, Cheol-Woo; Cho, Jae-Hwa; Leem, Jong-Han; Ryu, Jeong-Seon; Lee, Hong-Lyeol; Hong, Yun-Chul

2004-04-30

281

1998-99 Occupational Outlook Handbook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

US occupations are featured in this information-rich resource from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The 1998-9 Occupational Outlook Handbook provides the latest edition of a guide to 250 occupations from able seaman to zoologist. Users can browse an alphabetical index or any of eleven occupational clusters, or search the resource by keyword. Each occupation contains a thumbnail sketch of important features as well as information about the nature of the work, working conditions, employment, training, the job outlook, earnings, and related occupations. This is an excellent source of relevant, condensed occupational information.

United States. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

1998-01-01

282

Occupational Respiratory Cancer in Korea  

PubMed Central

Malignant mesothelioma and lung cancer are representative examples of occupational cancer. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death, and the incidence of malignant mesothelioma is expected to increase sharply in the near future. Although information about lung carcinogen exposure is limited, it is estimated that the number of workers exposed to carcinogens has declined. The first official case of occupational cancer was malignant mesothelioma caused by asbestos exposure in the asbestos textile industry in 1992. Since then, compensation for occupational respiratory cancer has increased. The majority of compensated lung cancer was due to underlying pneumoconiosis. Other main causative agents of occupational lung cancer included asbestos, hexavalent chromium, and crystalline silica. Related jobs included welders, foundry workers, platers, plumbers, and vehicle maintenance workers. Compensated malignant mesotheliomas were associated with asbestos exposure. Epidemiologic studies conducted in Korea have indicated an elevated risk of lung cancer in pneumoconiosis patients, foundry workers, and asbestos textile workers. Occupational respiratory cancer has increased during the last 10 to 20 yr though carcinogen-exposed population has declined in the same period. More efforts to advance the systems for the investigation, prevention and management of occupational respiratory cancer are needed. PMID:21258597

Kim, Hyoung Ryoul

2010-01-01

283

OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY Occupational therapy helps people of all ages whose daily lives  

E-print Network

Fact Sheet OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY Highlights Occupational therapy helps people of all ages whose by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE). Programs Offered · Entry-LevelMS,OccupationalTherapy://info.sjsu.edu/home/catalog.html Testing and Evaluation: https://testing.sjsu.edu/ Academic Unit: OccupationalTherapyDepartment One

Su, Xiao

284

Occupational Component. 36-Level Courses. Teacher Resource Manual. Integrated Occupational Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 36-level occupational component of Integrated Occupational Program (IOP) consists of 8 occupational clusters composed of 20 occupational courses. Each course contains learning activities so that students in Alberta (Canada) may develop occupational concepts, skills, and attitudes. This teacher's manual consists of the following sections:…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Curriculum Branch.

285

Impact of the accident at the Three Mile Island on the behavior and well-being of nuclear workers. Part II. Job tension, psychophysiological symptoms, and indices of distress  

SciTech Connect

Three Mile Island (TMI) workers experienced much greater job tension and lower occupational self-esteem (supervisors only) in comparison with workers interviewed at the Peach Bottom Plant. At the time of the accident, TMI workers reported experiencing more periods of anger, extreme worrry and extreme upset, and more psychophysiological symptoms. Six months after the accident, some persistence of these feelings and symptoms was evident. Demoralization was greater primarily among TMI non-supervisory workers. The impact of the accident was not greater among TMI workers living closer to the plant. Presence of a preschool child at home enhanced the impact of the accident, but primarily among TMI supervisors. 39 references, 17 tables.

Kasl, S.V. (Yale Univ., New Haven, CT); Chisholm, R.F.; Eskenazi, B.

1981-05-01

286

Occupational exposure in MRI  

PubMed Central

This article reviews occupational exposure in clinical MRI; it specifically considers units of exposure, basic physical interactions, health effects, guideline limits, dosimetry, results of exposure surveys, calculation of induced fields and the status of the European Physical Agents Directive. Electromagnetic field exposure in MRI from the static field B0, imaging gradients and radiofrequency transmission fields induces electric fields and currents in tissue, which are responsible for various acute sensory effects. The underlying theory and its application to the formulation of incident and induced field limits are presented. The recent International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers limits for incident field exposure are interpreted in a manner applicable to MRI. Field measurements show that exposure from movement within the B0 fringe field can exceed ICNIRP reference levels within 0.5 m of the bore entrance. Rate of change of field dB/dt from the imaging gradients is unlikely to exceed the new limits, although incident field limits can be exceeded for radiofrequency (RF) exposure within 0.2–0.5 m of the bore entrance. Dosimetric surveys of routine clinical practice show that staff are exposed to peak values of 42±24% of B0, with time-averaged exposures of 5.2±2.8 mT for magnets in the range 0.6–4 T. Exposure to time-varying fields arising from movement within the B0 fringe resulted in peak dB/dt of approximately 2 T s?1. Modelling of induced electric fields from the imaging gradients shows that ICNIRP-induced field limits are unlikely to be exceeded in most situations; however, movement through the static field may still present a problem. The likely application of the limits is discussed with respect to the reformulation of the European Union (EU) directive and its possible implications for MRI. PMID:22457400

Mcrobbie, D W

2012-01-01

287

Occupant Protection at NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews NASA's efforts to arrive at protection of occupants of the ORION space craft on landing. An Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) has been developed, it is an anatomically-based, consensus-derived, global severity scoring system that classifies each injury by body region according to its relative importance on a 6-point ordinal scale. It reviews an Operationmally Relevant Injury Scale (ORIS), a classification methodology, and shows charts that detail the results of applying this ORIS to the injury databases. One chart uses NASCAR injury classification. It discusses providing a context for the level of risk inherent in the Orion landings in terms that people understand and have a sense for. For example is the risk of injury during an Orion landing roughly the same, better or worse than: An aircraft carrier landing, a NASCAR crash, or a helicopter crash, etc? The data for NASCAR and Indy Racing league (IRL) racing crash and injury data was reviewed. The risk from the Air Force, Navy, and Army injury data was also reviewed. Past NASA and the Soyuz programs injury risks are also reviewed. The work is an attempt to formulate a recommendation to the Orion Project for an acceptable level of injury risk associated with Nominal and Off-Nominal landing cases. The presentation also discusses the data mining and use of the data to Validate NASA Operationally-Relevant Injury Scale (NORIS) / Military Operationally-Relevant Injury Scale (MORIS), developing injury risk criteria, the types of data that are required, NASCAR modeling techniques and crash data, and comparison with the Brinkley model. The development of injury risk curves for each biodynamic response parameter is discussed. One of the main outcomes of this work is to establish an accurate Automated Test Dummy (ATD) that can be used to measure human tolerances.

Somers, Jeffrey; Granderson, Brad; Scheuring, Rick

2010-01-01

288

Incidence by occupation and industry of acute work related respiratory diseases in the UK, 1992–2001  

PubMed Central

Aims: To summarise incidence rates and epidemiological characteristics of new cases of work related respiratory disease reported by specialist physicians in thoracic and occupational medicine, with particular reference to occupation, industry, and causal agents for asthma, inhalation accidents, and allergic alveolitis. Methods: Cases reported 1992–2001 to the SWORD and OPRA national surveillance schemes, in which almost all UK chest and occupational physicians participate, were analysed by age, sex, cause, occupation, and industry, with incidence rates calculated against appropriate denominators. Results: Excluding diseases of long latency, infrequently seen by occupational physicians, the distribution of diagnoses in the two specialties was similar, but with rates generally much higher in occupational than chest physicians. Occupational asthma was responsible for about 25% of cases overall, affecting mainly craft related occupations and machinists, and most often attributed to isocyanates, metals, grains, wood dusts, solders, and welding fume. These same occupations were those at highest risk from inhalation injuries, most frequently caused by irritant gases, vapours, and fume. Among medical technicians and nurses, however, glutaraldehyde and latex were the main causes of occupational asthma. Allergic alveolitis was seldom reported, with almost all cases in agriculture, forestry, and fishing. Conclusion: During the 10 year period studied, there were few changes in level of reported incidence, apart from some decline in occupational asthma and inhalation injuries. These results and their implications should be distinguished from much higher estimates of asthma made worse by work derived from population surveys, based on prevalence rather than incidence, and self-reported symptoms rather than diagnoses made by specialist physicians. Even so, the reported incidence of new cases of acute respiratory illness caused by work remains substantial. PMID:16299091

McDonald, J; Chen, Y; Zekveld, C; Cherry, N

2005-01-01

289

Uncovering your hidden occupancy costs.  

PubMed

Senior managers at large companies may not believe that they can have much impact on the "bricks and mortar" of their cost structure. They may even think that occupancy costs are too insignificant to worry about, too technical to analyze, and too fixed to control. But as real estate consultant Mahlon Apgar argues, occupancy costs can hurt a company's earnings, share value, and overall performance. On the other hand, every dollar saved drops straight to the bottom line. Shearson Lehman Brothers, for example, has found that it can save as much as $20 million annually by reducing occupancy costs in its branch offices and headquarters. Managing occupancy costs isn't easy. But it is timely. As companies strive to improve productivity by consolidating functions and downsizing staff, they are saddled with excess office space. Expansions abroad present completely different market conditions that put a premium on reducing occupancy costs. At the same time, the changing nature of work is challenging deeply held beliefs about the workplace, and, consequently, traditional expectations of office space are giving way to innovations that are less costly and more productive. To manage occupancy costs, managers must be able to identify their components, measure their impact, understand what drives them, and develop options to change them. Four basic tools help diagnose problems: a cost history, a loss analysis, a component analysis, and a lease aging profile. Understanding cost drivers like leasing, location, and layout can give executives the insights they need to reduce occupancy costs while improving the effectiveness of facilities to support day-to-day operations. PMID:10126151

Apgar, M

1993-01-01

290

Investigation of the Challenger Accident  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident (hereafter referred to as the Rogers Commission) and the work of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in investigating the causes of the accident were reviewed. In addition to reviewing the five volumes of the Rogers Commission, the entire direct on-line Rogers Commission data base, which included full-text and document retrieval capability was also reviewed. The findings and recommendations contained also include materials submitted for the record, staff investigations, interviews, and trips.

1986-01-01

291

Severe accident analysis using dynamic accident progression event trees  

Microsoft Academic Search

In present, the development and analysis of Accident Progression Event Trees (APETs) are performed in a manner that is computationally time consuming, difficult to reproduce and also can be phenomenologically inconsistent. One of the principal deficiencies lies in the static nature of conventional APETs. In the conventional event tree techniques, the sequence of events is pre-determined in a fixed order

Aram P. Hakobyan

2006-01-01

292

Occupational Neurologic Disorders in Korea  

PubMed Central

This article presents a schematic review of the clinical manifestations of occupational neurologic disorders in Korea and discusses the toxicologic implications of these conditions. Vascular encephalopathy, parkinsonism, chronic toxic encephalopathy, cerebellar dysfunction, peripheral neuropathy, and neurodegenerative diseases are common presentations of occupational neurotoxic syndromes in Korea. Few neurotoxins cause patients to present with pathognomic neurologic syndrome. Detailed neurologic examinations and categorization of the clinical manifestations of neurologic disorders will improve the clinical management of occupational neurologic diseases. Physicians must be aware of the typical signs and symptoms of possible exposure to neurotoxins, and they should also pay attention to less-typical, rather-vague symptoms and signs in workers because the toxicologic characteristics of occupational neurologic diseases in Korea have changed from typical patterns to less-typical or equivocal patterns. This shift is likely to be due to several years of low-dose exposure, perhaps combined with the effects of aging, and new types of possibly toxicant-related neurodegenerative diseases. Close collaboration between neurologists and occupational physicians is needed to determine whether neurologic disorders are work-related. PMID:20607045

Jeong, Kyoung Sook; Yun, Yong-Hun; Oh, Myoung-Soon

2010-01-01

293

Occupational asthma: coming of age  

SciTech Connect

Some major occupational causes of reflex bronchoconstriction include exposure to cold air, subtoxic concentrations of sulfur dioxide, fluorocarbons, and various inert dusts. Toxic gases, such as sulfur dioxide, the halogens, ammonia, acid fumes, and solvent odors cause inflammatory bronchoconstriction. Occupational substances that mimic the dose-dependent effects of pharmacologic agonists include histamine releasing agents in the bracts of cotton dust, organic acids in wood dusts, diisocyanates, and anticholinesterase chemicals. The greatest number of occupational agents causing asthma have known or suspected allergenic properties. In this group the most significant sensitizing agents are proteins derived from various animal sources. The incidence of asthma induced by small-molecular-weight inorganic chemicals is also expanding. Representative examples of this group include antibiotics, sulfonechloramide, diisocyanates, platinum salts, and a number of reactive anhydride compounds. Occupational asthma is becoming a major occupational health problem. Reversal of this trend is possible and can be implemented by special attention to several recommendations. Better record-keeping should be encouraged by labor, management, and government agencies. More research support should be allotted for development of valid susceptibility profiles and objective diagnostic techniques that might be useful for prescreening purposes and early diagnosis. When warranted by specific oocupational conditions, serial physiologic and immunologic monitoring should be done and encouraged by both management and labor. (JMT)

Not Available

1982-07-01

294

Auto Accidents: Reducing Frequency, Increasing Recovery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Careful hiring, monitoring, training, discipline, and safety policies will reduce school automobile and bus accidents. Guidelines are offered for accident reporting, claim handling, and dealing with insurance adjusters. (MLF)

Comeaux, Linda Atkins

1988-01-01

295

29 CFR 1926.200 - Accident prevention signs and tags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Accident prevention signs and tags. 1926.200 Section...Barricades § 1926.200 Accident prevention signs and tags. (a) General...locations.html. (h) Accident prevention tags. (1) Accident...

2010-07-01

296

Occupational health nursing in the United States.  

PubMed

This article is a summary of information about occupational health nurses and occupational health nursing in the United States. The article provides demographic, education, credentialing, role, and other data based on secondary analysis of occupational health nurses' responses to the 2008 National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses. Current issues affecting the U.S. work force and businesses are addressed and high-risk business and industrial sectors are noted. Occupational health nurse practice opportunities are highlighted and practice areas where occupational health nursing research is currently focused are discussed. The article also examines the challenges facing the next generation of occupational health nurses. PMID:22387247

Thompson, Margaret C; Wachs, Joy E

2012-03-01

297

Fatalities from occupational diseases in Connecticut.  

PubMed

Occupational diseases in Connecticut were identified using reports to the Workers' Compensation Commission, Connecticut OSHA, Vital Statistics, and the Tumor Registry. There were 93 identified fatalities from occupational disease in 1995, and 90 in 1994, approximately three times the number of traumatic occupational fatalities. Identified fatalities were predominantly from asbestos-related diseases, including mesothelioma and asbestosis. Most occupational diseases are not readily identifiable with current reporting mechanisms. Based on national estimates, these figures are considered to be an underestimate of the true burden of occupational disease. Increased awareness and reporting of occupational diseases is needed to properly identify and prevent these common conditions. PMID:10500343

Morse, T; Storey, E

1999-08-01

298

Driving Circumstances and Accidents Among Novice Drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The study evaluated the accident risk of certain driving circumstances and driving motives among novice drivers.Methods. Self-reported exposure and accidents according to driving circumstances and driving motives were compared between young (n = 6,847) and middle-aged (n = 942) male and female novice drivers. For young drivers, self-reported accidents were further compared to fatal accidents (n = 645) in

S. Laapotti; E. Keskinen; M. Hatakka; K. Hernetkoski; A. Katila; M. Peräaho; I. Salo

2006-01-01

299

[Occupation and lumbar disk prolapse].  

PubMed

All Danish occupational groups were screened for an increased risk of hospitalization due to a prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc (PLID) (ICD-8: 725.11). A cohort of all gainfully employed Danes aged 20 to 59 years in 1981 was followed-up for 10 years for first hospitalization with PLID. A Standardized Hospitalization Ratio was calculated using all economically active persons as the reference group. Male groups with an elevated risk were found in building and construction, the iron and metal industry, in the food and nutrition sector and in occupational driving. Almost all groups of professional drivers had an elevated risk. Female groups with an elevated risk were mainly found in the same industries, but home helps, service workers in the private sector and sewing machine operators also had an elevated risk. We conclude that there are significant and systematic differences between occupational groups as concerns the risk of hospital admission due to PLID. PMID:7725550

Jensen, M V; Tüchsen, F

1995-03-13

300

Occupational physicians and environmental medicine  

SciTech Connect

Physicians who practice environmental medicine seek to identify and to prevent patient and population exposures that cause adverse human health outcomes. Epidemiologic, toxicologic, clinical, and public health skills essential to this enterprise are indistinguishable from those of the occupational physician. Several important controversies illustrate the essential role of occupational physicians in environmental health science and policy, including environmental asbestos, dioxin, electromagnetic fields, and carcinogenicity testing. Our continuing involvement in environmental issues is predicted by three conditions, each unlikely to change. The human remains the animal of greatest interest; the natural experiment will have been performed (however unwittingly); and the work site will continue to provide that first and clearest setting for measuring the outcome. Therefore, residency training must be expanded so that future occupational and environmental physicians will recognize their fundamental role in environmental health. The results of our industry cross factory walls with ease. So must our efforts.

Ducatman, A.M. (West Virginia Univ. School of Medicine, Morgantown (United States))

1993-03-01

301

Time Slows Down during Accidents  

PubMed Central

The experienced speed of the passage of time is not constant as time can seem to fly or slow down depending on the circumstances we are in. Anecdotally accidents and other frightening events are extreme examples of the latter; people who have survived accidents often report altered phenomenology including how everything appeared to happen in slow motion. While the experienced phenomenology has been investigated, there are no explanations about how one can have these experiences. Instead, the only recently discussed explanation suggests that the anecdotal phenomenology is due to memory effects and hence not really experienced during the accidents. The purpose of this article is (i) to reintroduce the currently forgotten comprehensively altered phenomenology that some people experience during the accidents, (ii) to explain why the recent experiments fail to address the issue at hand, and (iii) to suggest a new framework to explain what happens when people report having experiences of time slowing down in these cases. According to the suggested framework, our cognitive processes become rapidly enhanced. As a result, the relation between the temporal properties of events in the external world and in internal states becomes distorted with the consequence of external world appearing to slow down. That is, the presented solution is a realist one in a sense that it maintains that sometimes people really do have experiences of time slowing down. PMID:22754544

Arstila, Valtteri

2012-01-01

302

The Inoculation Accident at Mulkowal  

Microsoft Academic Search

I SHOULD like to Direct the attention of your readers to this matter. The evidence regarding the unfortunate Mulkowal accident, as given in the Lancet and the British Medical Journal for February 2, and in the Journal of Tropical Medicine for February 1, shows that on October 30, 1902, nineteen persons were inoculated from a single bottle of Haffkine's prophylactic

Ronald Ross

1907-01-01

303

NASA Medical Response to Human Spacecraft Accidents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Manned space flight is risky business. Accidents have occurred and may occur in the future. NASA's manned space flight programs, with all their successes, have had three fatal accidents, one at the launch pad and two in flight. The Apollo fire and the Challenger and Columbia accidents resulted in a loss of seventeen crewmembers. Russia's manned space flight programs have had three fatal accidents, one ground-based and two in flight. These accidents resulted in the loss of five crewmembers. Additionally, manned spacecraft have encountered numerous close calls with potential for disaster. The NASA Johnson Space Center Flight Safety Office has documented more than 70 spacecraft incidents, many of which could have become serious accidents. At the Johnson Space Center (JSC), medical contingency personnel are assigned to a Mishap Investigation Team. The team deploys to the accident site to gather and preserve evidence for the Accident Investigation Board. The JSC Medical Operations Branch has developed a flight surgeon accident response training class to capture the lessons learned from the Columbia accident. This presentation will address the NASA Mishap Investigation Team's medical objectives, planned response, and potential issues that could arise subsequent to a manned spacecraft accident. Educational Objectives are to understand the medical objectives and issues confronting the Mishap Investigation Team medical personnel subsequent to a human space flight accident.

Patlach, Robert

2010-01-01

304

48 CFR 36.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Accident prevention. 36.513 Section 36.513 Federal...Contract Clauses 36.513 Accident prevention. (a) The contracting officer shall...the clause at 52.236-13, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and...

2010-10-01

305

Occupational exposure and lung cancer  

PubMed Central

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for male and the second most usual cancer for women after breast cancer. Currently there are available several non-specific cytotoxic agents and several targeted agents for lung cancer therapy. However; early stage diagnosis is still unavailable and several efforts are being made towards this direction. Novel biomarkers are being investigated along with new biopsy techniques. The occupational and environmental exposure to carcinogenic agents is an everyday phenomenon. Therefore until efficient early diagnosis is available, avoidance of exposure to carcinogenic agents is necessary. In the current mini-review occupational and environmental carcinogenic agents will be presented. PMID:24102018

Spyratos, Dionysios; Porpodis, Konstantinos; Tsakiridis, Kosmas; Machairiotis, Nikolaos; Katsikogiannis, Nikolaos; Kougioumtzi, Ioanna; Dryllis, Georgios; Kallianos, Anastasios; Rapti, Aggeliki; Li, Chen; Zarogoulidis, Konstantinos

2013-01-01

306

Generalist versus specialist occupational therapists.  

PubMed

The issue is not generalist versus specialist, bachelor's degree versus master's degree, or even registered occupational therapist versus certified occupational therapy assistant. The issue is: What is each professional's product? What is the process by which each produces it? What knowledge, skills, and judgment do each need to competently produce the product? And, under what circumstances and conditions and at what point are each required to assure a quality product? The delineation of the requisite knowledge and skills as well as the delineation of generalist and specialist will flow from the answer to these questions. PMID:8947368

Foto, M

1996-01-01

307

Occupational Expectations--Nature, Correlates, and Utilization in Occupational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To gain greatest meaning and satisfaction from their work activities, persons should be able to more accurately identify and define their feelings, attitudes, and values related to the world of work. An expanded and enhanced understanding of occupational expectations on the part of career counselors would help in working with youth and adults who…

Hofstrand, Richard K.; Phipps, Lloyd J.

308

Job-Occupation Misfit as an Occupational Stressor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from theory on met expectations, person-environment fit, and social information processing, misfit between the pressure and autonomy experienced by workers and that which would be expected given their occupational roles was examined as a predictor of job satisfaction, perceived support, and depression. Results from a nationally (U.S.)…

Ford, Michael T.

2012-01-01

309

Lumbar load attenuation for rotorcraft occupants using a design methodology for the seat impact energy-absorbing system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aircraft occupant crash-safety considerations require a minimum cushion thickness to limit the relative vertical motion of the seat-pelvis during high vertical impact loadings in crash landings or accidents. In military aircraft and helicopter seat design, due to the potential for high vertical accelerations in crash scenarios, the seat system must be provided with an energy absorber to attenuate the acceleration level sustained by the occupants. Because of the limited stroke available for the seat structure, the design of the energy absorber becomes a trade-off problem between minimizing the stroke and maximizing the energy absorption. The available stroke must be used to prevent bottoming out of the seat as well as to absorb maximum impact energy to protect the occupant. In this study, the energy-absorbing system in a rotorcraft seat design is investigated using a mathematical model of the occupant/seat system. Impact theories between interconnected bodies in multibody mechanical systems are utilized to study the impact between the seat pan and the occupant. Experimental responses of the seat system and the occupant are utilized to validate the results from this study for civil and military helicopters according to FAR 23 and 25 and MIL-S-58095 requirements. A model for the load limiter is proposed to minimize the lumbar load for the occupant by minimizing the relative velocity between the seat pan and the occupant's pelvis. The modified energy absorber/load limiter is then implemented for the seat structure so that it absorbs the energy of impact in an effective manner and below the tolerable limit for the occupant in a minimum stroke. Results show that for a designed stroke, the level of occupant lumbar spine injury would be significantly attenuated using this modified energy-absorber system.

Moradi, Rasoul; Beheshti, Hamid K.; Lankarani, Hamid M.

2012-12-01

310

Competencies in occupational and environmental health nursing.  

PubMed

The American Association of Occupational Health Nurses, Inc. has delineated nine categories of competency in occupational and environmental health nursing. Within each category, three levels of achievement or competence are identified. PMID:18019767

2007-11-01

311

Non-occupational exposure to silica dust.  

PubMed

Occupational exposure to silica occurs at workplaces in factories like quartz crushing facilities (silica flour milling), agate, ceramic, slate pencil, glass, stone quarries and mines, etc., Non-occupational exposure to silica dust can be from industrial sources in the vicinity of the industry as well as non-industrial sources. Recently, public concern regarding non-occupational or ambient exposure to crystalline silica has emerged making it important to gather information available on non-occupational exposures to silica dust and non-occupational silicosis. This paper reviews various non-occupational exposures reported in literature including some studies by the author. Methodology used in assessment of non-occupational exposures, standards for non-occupational exposures to silica dust and indirect estimation of cumulative risk % are also discussed. PMID:23776316

Bhagia, L J

2012-09-01

312

Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy in Progeria  

MedlinePLUS

... rights reserved. Page 2 of 5 Physical and Occupational Therapy in Progeria Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (“Progeria”, or “ ... Children with Progeria need Physical Therapy (PT) and Occupational Therapy (OT) as often as possible (optimally 2- 3 ...

313

Causes and risk factors for fatal accidents in non-commercial twin engine piston general aviation aircraft.  

PubMed

Accidents in twin-engine aircraft carry a higher risk of fatality compared with single engine aircraft and constitute 9% of all general aviation accidents. The different flight profile (higher airspeed, service ceiling, increased fuel load, and aircraft yaw in engine failure) may make comparable studies on single-engine aircraft accident causes less relevant. The objective of this study was to identify the accident causes for non-commercial operations in twin engine aircraft. A NTSB accident database query for accidents in twin piston engine airplanes of 4-8 seat capacity with a maximum certified weight of 3000-8000lbs. operating under 14CFR Part 91 for the period spanning 2002 and 2012 returned 376 accidents. Accident causes and contributing factors were as per the NTSB final report categories. Total annual flight hour data for the twin engine piston aircraft fleet were obtained from the FAA. Statistical analyses employed Chi Square, Fisher's Exact and logistic regression analysis. Neither the combined fatal/non-fatal accident nor the fatal accident rate declined over the period spanning 2002-2012. Under visual weather conditions, the largest number, n=27, (27%) of fatal accidents was attributed to malfunction with a failure to follow single engine procedures representing the most common contributing factor. In degraded visibility, poor instrument approach procedures resulted in the greatest proportion of fatal crashes. Encountering thunderstorms was the most lethal of all accident causes with all occupants sustaining fatal injuries. At night, a failure to maintain obstacle/terrain clearance was the most common accident cause leading to 36% of fatal crashes. The results of logistic regression showed that operations at night (OR 3.7), off airport landings (OR 14.8) and post-impact fire (OR 7.2) all carried an excess risk of a fatal flight. This study indicates training areas that should receive increased emphasis for twin-engine training/recency. First, increased training should be provided on single engine procedures in the event of an engine failure. Second, more focus should be placed on instrument approaches and recovery from unusual aircraft attitude where visibility is degraded. Third, pilots should be made aware of appropriate speed selection for inadvertent flights in convective weather. Finally, emphasizing the importance of conducting night operations under instrument flight rules with its altitude restrictions should lead to a diminished proportion of accidents attributed to failure to maintain obstacle/terrain clearance. PMID:25701648

Boyd, Douglas D

2015-04-01

314

Single pilot IFR accident data analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The aircraft accident data recorded by the National Transportation and Safety Board (NTSR) for 1964-1979 were analyzed to determine what problems exist in the general aviation (GA) single pilot instrument flight rule (SPIFR) environment. A previous study conducted in 1978 for the years 1964-1975 provided a basis for comparison. This effort was generally limited to SPIFR pilot error landing phase accidents but includes some SPIFR takeoff and enroute accident analysis as well as some dual pilot IFR accident analysis for comparison. Analysis was performed for 554 accidents of which 39% (216) occurred during the years 1976-1979.

Harris, D. F.

1983-01-01

315

Dental Auxiliary Occupations. Interim Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a dental auxiliaries project, a Dental Auxiliary National Technical Advisory Committee was established, and its major undertaking was to assist in the development of a functional inventory for each of the three dental auxiliary occupations (dental assisting, dental hygiene, and dental laboratory technology). The analysis consisted of…

Kingston, Richard D.

316

Genetic susceptibility to occupational exposures  

PubMed Central

Because of their high prevalence in the general population, genetic variants that determine susceptibility to environmental exposures may contribute greatly to the development of occupational diseases in the setting of specific exposures occurring in the workplace. Studies investigating genetic susceptibilities in the workplace may: (1) provide mechanistic insight into the aetiology of disease, in particular the determination of environmentally responsive genes; (2) identify susceptible subpopulations with respect to exposure; and (3) provide valuable input in setting occupational exposure limits by taking genetic susceptibility into account. Polymorphisms in the NAT2 and the HLA-DPB1Glu69 genes provide classic examples of how genetic susceptibility markers have a clear role in identifying disease risk in bladder cancer and chronic beryllium disease, respectively. For diseases with more complex and multifactorial aetiology such as occupational asthma and chronic airways disease, susceptibility studies for selected genetic polymorphisms provide additional insight into the biological mechanisms of disease. Even when polymorphisms for genetic susceptibility have a clear role in identifying disease risk, the value of wide scale genetic screening in occupational settings remains limited due to primarily ethical and social concerns. Thus, large scale genetic screening in the workplace is not currently recommended. PMID:18487431

Christiani, D C; Mehta, A J; Yu, C-L

2013-01-01

317

Pathways to STEMM Support Occupations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The preceding articles in this issue of the "Peabody Journal of Education" have focused on preparation for and entry into professional positions in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and medicine (STEMM). This article shifts the focus from professional positions to STEMM support occupations, focusing on the preparation necessary for…

Solberg, V. Scott; Kimmel, Linda G.; Miller, Jon D.

2012-01-01

318

Travel Agent. Occupational Simulation Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This career exploration instructional booklet on the travel agent's occupation is one of several resulting from the rural southwestern Colorado CEPAC Project (Career Education Process of Attitude Change). Based on a job analysis and utilizing a programed instructional format, the following content is included: A brief description of what a travel…

Peterson, Wayne

319

Physical Therapist. Occupational Simulation Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This career exploration instructional booklet on the occupation of a physical therapist is one of several resulting from the rural southwestern Colorado CEPAC Project (Career Education Process of Attitude Change). Based on a job analysis and utilizing a programed instructional format, the following content is included: A brief description of a…

Powell, Rod

320

Social Worker. Occupational Simulation Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This career exploration instructional booklet on the occupation of the social worker is one of several resulting from the rural southwestern Colorado CEPAC Project (Career Education Process of Attitude Change). Based on a job analysis and utilizing a programed instructional format, the following content is included: A brief description of what a…

Brandt, Joy

321

Postal Employee. Occupational Simulation Kit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This career exploration instructional booklet on the occupation of a postal employee is one of several resulting from the rural southwestern Colorado CEPAC Project (Career Education Process of Attitude Change). The content includes: (1) A brief presentation of the job functions of five types of postal employees, the traits and qualifications…

San Juan Basin Area Vocational-Technical School, Cortez, CO.

322

Histologic Technician. Laboratory Occupations Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task-based curriculum guide for histologic technician is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a career ladder, a matrix relating duty/task numbers to job titles, and a task list. Each task…

Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

323

"Training Cycles" in Occupational Preparation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study of the Lowell, Massachusetts, labor market illustrates the need to monitor changes in the occupational mix of an economy, the shift of training, and short- and long-term economic conditions in order to determine labor market needs and their implications for education and training. (SK)

Flynn, Patricia M.

1984-01-01

324

State Licensing of Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

About 25 health professions and occupations are licensed by one or more states according to the survey of state licensing provisions by the National Center for Health Statistics. Data is presented in 22 chapters on the licensure of administrators, chiropractors, clinical laboratory personnel, dental hygienists, dentists, professional engineers,…

National Center for Health Statistics (DHEW/PHS), Hyattsville, MD.

325

Sports, Recreation, & Leisure Sample Occupations  

E-print Network

Sports, Recreation, & Leisure Sample Occupations Academic Advisor/Athletes Agent, Business/Aerobics Instructor Gaming/Sports Book Writer Golf Course Superintendent Guide Gymnastics/Tumbling Director Health Recreation Leader Recreation Manager Scout Soccer Player Special Education Teacher Sports Agent Sports

Ronquist, Fredrik

326

Malignant lymphomas and occupational exposures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of potential risk factors for Hodgkin's disease (HD) and for non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) were evaluated in a case-referent study encompassing 54 cases of HD, 106 cases of NHL, and 275 referents, all alive. Exposure information was obtained by questionnaires posted to the subjects. Crude rate ratios were increased for various occupational exposures including solvents, welding, wood preservatives, phenoxy

B Persson; A M Dahlander; M Fredriksson; H N Brage; C G Ohlson; O Axelson

1989-01-01

327

Aerospace/Aviation Science Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide was developed to provide secondary students the opportunity to study aviation and aerospace education from the conceptual and career approach coupled with general education specifically related to science. Unit plans were prepared to motivate, develop skills, and offer counseling to the students of aviation science and occupational

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Occupational Education.

328

Occupational Neurotoxic Diseases in Taiwan  

PubMed Central

Occupational neurotoxic diseases have become increasingly common in Taiwan due to industrialization. Over the past 40 years, Taiwan has transformed from an agricultural society to an industrial society. The most common neurotoxic diseases also changed from organophosphate poisoning to heavy metal intoxication, and then to organic solvent and semiconductor agent poisoning. The nervous system is particularly vulnerable to toxic agents because of its high metabolic rate. Neurological manifestations may be transient or permanent, and may range from cognitive dysfunction, cerebellar ataxia, Parkinsonism, sensorimotor neuropathy and autonomic dysfunction to neuromuscular junction disorders. This study attempts to provide a review of the major outbreaks of occupational neurotoxins from 1968 to 2012. A total of 16 occupational neurotoxins, including organophosphates, toxic gases, heavy metals, organic solvents, and other toxic chemicals, were reviewed. Peer-reviewed articles related to the electrophysiology, neuroimaging, treatment and long-term follow up of these neurotoxic diseases were also obtained. The heavy metals involved consisted of lead, manganese, organic tin, mercury, arsenic, and thallium. The organic solvents included n-hexane, toluene, mixed solvents and carbon disulfide. Toxic gases such as carbon monoxide, and hydrogen sulfide were also included, along with toxic chemicals including polychlorinated biphenyls, tetramethylammonium hydroxide, organophosphates, and dimethylamine borane. In addition we attempted to correlate these events to the timeline of industrial development in Taiwan. By researching this topic, the hope is that it may help other developing countries to improve industrial hygiene and promote occupational safety and health care during the process of industrialization. PMID:23251841

Liu, Chi-Hung; Huang, Chu-Yun

2012-01-01

329

Welfare: Occupational Cluster Series-10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of ERIC abstracts dealing with welfare is the 10th in a series that identifies research and instructional materials in selected occupational clusters. Sixty-three documents were identified by means of computer searches of "Research in Education" from 1967 to December 1972. Instructions on how to use ERIC reference products are…

Miller, David H., Comp.; Moore, Allen B., Comp.

330

Education: Occupational Cluster Series-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of ERIC abstracts dealing with education is the eighth in a series that identifies research and instructional materials in selected occupational clusters. Fourteen documents were identified by means of computer searches of "Research in Education" from 1967 to December 1972. Instructions on how to use ERIC reference products are…

Miller, David H., Comp.; Moore, Allen B., Comp.

331

Janet Craig Occupational Health Manager  

E-print Network

Black review of sickness absence - Working for a Healthier Tomorrow · Health, work and wellbeing of Occupational Safety and Health Emerging trends - Government strategy for Health and Work Service Dame Carol programme ­ a cross-departmental government programme to improve the health and well-being of people

Schnaufer, Achim

332

Going to an Occupational Therapist  

MedlinePLUS

... time. Occupational therapists also may help children with autism learn how to interact with others, or might ... work hard and practice on your own. Some activities or exercises may look weird but they all have a purpose. If you want to know why your ... Contact Us Print Additional resources Send to ...

333

Occupational Therapy in Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have identified a low preference for mental health careers among students and practitioners in occupational therapy. Factors implicated include the social stigma of mental health in the community, fieldwork experience, academic preparation, and work setting factors such as role ambiguity and chronicity of clients. Of these factors, fieldwork may be the most important influence. A survey was administered

Anne Cusick; Tracey Demattia; Sharon Doyle

1993-01-01

334

Occupational Therapy and Victim Advocacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an orientation to increase the profession's awareness of occupational therapy's role in victim advocacy, an emerging area of community-based practice. Analysis and comparison of OT's core assumptions and values with general principles of victim advocacy and empowerment demonstrate striking similarities: Each acknowledges holism and a profound connection between the individual and society, as well as their ability

Mark Koch

2001-01-01

335

Occupational Stress among University Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses from 40% of 400 university teachers indicated that most felt a good fit between motivational style (altruistic-nurturing, assertive-directive, analytic-autonomizing) and job rewards. Females had higher misfit scores. Two-thirds of teachers perceived occupational stress at least half the time. Heavy workload was the most significant…

Blix, Arlene Gray; And Others

1994-01-01

336

Education, Occupation, Hierarchy and Earnings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to estimate a recursive model of earnings distribution with education, occupation, and hierarchy, using individual data for Japanese males. Proves that hierarchical position is very significant in determining earnings level. Compares the influence of education and earnings distribution in Japan and France. Includes 3 tables and 20…

Tachibanaki, Toshiaki

1988-01-01

337

Health Occupations Extended Campus Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Health Occupations Program designed as an integrated science course offers students at Evanston Township High School (Illinois) an opportunity to master science skills, content, and laboratory techniques while working and studying within local hospitals (the Evanston Hospital and St. Francis Hospital) as well as within their high school…

Likhite, Vivek

338

Genetic susceptibility to occupational exposures.  

PubMed

Because of their high prevalence in the general population, genetic variants that determine susceptibility to environmental exposures may contribute greatly to the development of occupational diseases in the setting of specific exposures occurring in the workplace. Studies investigating genetic susceptibilities in the workplace may: (1) provide mechanistic insight into the aetiology of disease, in particular the determination of environmentally responsive genes; (2) identify susceptible subpopulations with respect to exposure; and (3) provide valuable input in setting occupational exposure limits by taking genetic susceptibility into account. Polymorphisms in the NAT2 and the HLA-DPB1(G)(lu69) genes provide classic examples of how genetic susceptibility markers have a clear role in identifying disease risk in bladder cancer and chronic beryllium disease, respectively. For diseases with more complex and multifactorial aetiology such as occupational asthma and chronic airways disease, susceptibility studies for selected genetic polymorphisms provide additional insight into the biological mechanisms of disease. Even when polymorphisms for genetic susceptibility have a clear role in identifying disease risk, the value of wide scale genetic screening in occupational settings remains limited due to primarily ethical and social concerns. Thus, large scale genetic screening in the workplace is not currently recommended. PMID:18487431

Christiani, D C; Mehta, A J; Yu, C-L

2008-06-01

339

Personal Achievement Mathematics: Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing word problems relevant to allied health occupations, this workbook provides a concept-oriented approach to competency development in six areas of basic mathematics: (1) the expression of numbers as figures and words; (2) the addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers, fractions, and decimals; (3) ratios and…

Davis, Kathryn; Peart, Pamela

340

Forestry Occupations. A Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as a part of a larger project to revise the total agricultural education curriculum in South Carolina, this curriculum guide is designed for a 2-year course in forestry occupations. A paradigm accompanies the document and illustrates a possible time frame and sequence. The units covered by the curriculum include an orientation to…

Mercer, R. J., Ed.

341

Occupational Values of Rural Eskimo.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares occupational values of 232 rural Eskimo secondary students with those of 117 urban white adolescents from Fairbanks. Shows Eskimo adolescents resemble white counterparts in their work values but significant cultural differences appear in extent to which each group seeks intrinsic satisfactions from wage work. (NEC)

McDiarmid, G. Williamson; Kleinfeld, Judith S.

1986-01-01

342

[Occupational hygiene topics in ferroalloys production].  

PubMed

Hygienic evaluation covered work conditions of main occupations in ferroalloys production on a plant in Ural regions. The occupations are: ferroalloy furnace operator, ferroalloy furnace worker and crane operator. The findings proved that the workers are exposed to a complex of occupational hazards among which dust and unfavorable microclimate play major role. At the enterprise, occupational dust disease cases (silicosis from exposure to silicon-containing dust) are registered, with average development duration of 28.7 +/- 6.2 years. PMID:25282808

Kudriashov, I N; Fedoruk, A A

2014-01-01

343

Center for Community Partnerships Department of Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

1 Center for Community Partnerships Department of Occupational Therapy Colorado State University occupational therapists and an array of human service professionals, as well as occupational therapy fieldwork Position Description Occupational Therapist The Center for Community Partnerships is seeking

Stephens, Graeme L.

344

Railroad Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on railroad occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include brake operators, conductors, locomotive engineers,…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

345

Service Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on service occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providng current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include building custodians, pest controllers, private…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

346

Business Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on business occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include accountants, advertising workers, collections…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

347

Communications-Related Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on communications-related occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include advertising workers, interpreters,…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

348

Factory Production Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on factory production occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include assemblers, blue collar worker…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

349

Occupational science: A new source of power for participants in occupational therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational science is an emerging discipline which has the potential to support the practice and study of occupational therapy and contribute new knowledge to society. It originated in the values and traditions of occupational therapy as articulated by Adolph Meyer, the “occupational behavior” framework of Mary Reilly, the spirit of Jean Ayres’ clinical practice for children, and the work of

Elizabeth J. Yerxa

1993-01-01

350

Construction Occupations--Structural. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on structural construction occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include bricklayers, stonemasons, marble…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

351

Construction Occupations--Finishing. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on finishing construction occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include air…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

352

Sales Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on sales occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include automobile sales workers, buyers, insurance…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

353

Occupational Component. 36-Level Courses. Program of Studies/Curriculum Guide. Integrated Occupational Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Integrated Occupational Program (IOP) enables students in Alberta (Canada) who have experienced difficulty in learning to develop essential concepts, skills, and attitudes in the context of one or more occupational clusters. The IOP has four levels: occupational awareness (grades 8-9), career exploration (level 16), occupational orientation…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Curriculum Branch.

354

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards. Beef Production Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the beef production cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

355

0 Occupational Asthma February 13, 2013  

E-print Network

- 0 Occupational Asthma WEBINAR February 13, 2013 10:0 a.m. ­ 11:30 p.m. P W SREVENTION ORKSHOP ERIES February 2013 Occupational Asthma Webinar PARTICIPANT REGISTRATION FORM I would like to receive notification of future workshops by e-mail. How did you hear about the Occupational Asthma webinar? newspaper e

deYoung, Brad

356

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Administrative Support Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois Occupational Skill Standards for programs preparing students for administrative support occupations. The document begins with overviews of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and credentialing, the process used to develop the…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

357

Innovative Approaches to Health Occupations Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To improve communications between health occupations educators and health professionals about developments in health occupations education, a compilation of 21 approaches used in health occupations education is presented. Outlines of the 21 different courses are presented, grouped in eight areas: (1) career mobility--modified LPN program for…

Gurney, Elizabeth, Comp.; Kintgen, Jean, Comp.

358

Insulator (Heat and Frost). Occupational Analyses Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis covers tasks performed by an insulator, an occupational title some provinces and territories of Canada have also identified as heat and frost insulator. A guide to analysis discusses development, structure, and validation method; scope of the occupation; trends; and safety. To facilitate understanding the nature of the occupation,…

McRory, Aline; Ally, Mohamed

359

Model Learner Outcomes for Service Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to model learner outcomes for service occupations contains four chapters: (1) education values, learner values, philosophy, mission, and goals; (2) introduction, goals, and eight program-level learner outcomes; (3) general learner outcomes and outcomes for housing occupations, child care occupations, cosmetology and personal services,…

Grote, Audrey M.

360

Resource Manual for Health Occupations Education Instructors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource manual is designed to assist secondary health occupations instructors in implementing their health occupations programs. It contains two types of materials: informational topics and sample forms, letters, memos, and other materials. The manual begins with an overview of the health occupations education program, followed by these…

Feilner, Veronica, Ed.; Robling, Jeannine, Ed.

361

Exact voxel occupancy with graph cuts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Voxel occupancy is one approach for reconstructing the 3-dimensional shape of an object from multiple views. In voxel occupancy, the task is to produce a binary labeling of a set of voxels, that determines which voxels are filled and which are empty. In this paper, we give an energy minimization formulation of the voxel occupancy problem. The global minimum of

Dan Snow; Paul Viola; Ramin Zabih

2000-01-01

362

Soft tissue sarcoma and occupational exposures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The associations between soft tissue sarcoma (STS) and occupational exposures were studied in a case-referent study in the southeast of Sweden. Exposure information was obtained through mailed questionnaires to 96 cases, 450 randomly selected population referents, and 200 cancer referents. Odds ratios (OR), were calculated for various occupational groups, and particularly, for occupations with potential exposure to chlorinated phenoxy herbicides

G. Wingren; M. Fredrikson; H. Noorlind Brage; B. A. Nordenskjoeld; O. Axelson

1990-01-01

363

AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS OTHER THAN FARMING IN MISSOURI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY WERE TO--(1) IDENTIFY PRESENT AND EMERGING OFF-FARM AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS, (2) DETERMINE EMPLOYMENT TRENDS, (3) RELATE TYPES OF OCCUPATIONS TO STATE REGIONS, (4) DETERMINE CHARACTERISTICS OF THESE OCCUPATIONS, AND (5) DETERMINE CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL BUSINESSES. A SURVEY OF 3,315 FIRMS IN RURAL AREAS OF THE…

GRIFFITH, WARREN L.

364

Occupational Matching: A Test of Sorts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a theory of job matching in which matching information has both job-specific and occupation-specific components. If occupational matching is significant, then the theory predicts that, for those who have switched jobs but remained in the same occupation, increased tenure in the previous job lowers the likelihood of separation from the current job. These predictions are tested using

Brian P. McCall

1990-01-01

365

Occupational segregation and the gender wage gap  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of occupational segregation in the determination of gender wage differentials is assessed. It is found (1) that occupational segregation plays less of a role in explaining wage differentials than do traditional human capital variables; (2) that earnings profiles generated with data that include a percent female (PF) measure of occupational segregation are not ideal for testing human capital

Solomon William Polachek

1987-01-01

366

Occupational therapy defined asa complex intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Author Acknowledgments: Sarah Cook, Charlotte Munday and Irene Ilott Price £10.00 This document should be referenced as Creek J 2003, Occupational therapy defined as a complex intervention, London, College of Occupational Therapists This work was commissioned,to Jennifer Creek by the College of Occupational Therapists in partnership with the South London and Maudsley NHS Trust. The College wishes to acknowledge the

Jennifer Creek

367

Treatment model: Occupational therapy for sexual dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational therapy's health care delivery is concerned in returning patients to as high a level of performance as possible in their activities of daily living. Occupational therapists' efforts, therefore, are concerted toward the patients' ability to successfully resume their various roles. Patients are assisted in managing their household, clothing, bathroom and bed activities, etc. This paper indicates that occupational therapists

Evelyn M. Andamo

1980-01-01

368

A Canonical Correlation Analysis of Occupational Mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The method of canonical correlation between sets of dummy variables is used to assign weights to the categories of occupational mobility tables, in order to test two assumptions: 1. The socioeconomic distance between occupations determines the correlation across individuals in a mobility table. 2. The relative status of occupations has remained constant over time. The weights which yield the maximum

Sheila R. Klatzky; Robert W. Hodge

1971-01-01

369

Vertical occupational mobility and its measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a number of alternative approaches to devising a vertical occupational scale and compares the outcomes of different scales on calculations of occupational mobility. The paper describes the conceptual issues relevant to calculating occupational mobility and documents the measurement error embedded in the choice of measure, as applied to different data sets. The ranking schemes used include SOC

Shirley Dex; Joanne Lindley; Kelly Ward

2007-01-01

370

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards. Meeting Professional Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in the meeting professional occupational cluster. It begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and credentialing,…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

371

Inhalation accidents reported to the SWORD surveillance project 1990-1993.  

PubMed

Inhalation accidents are the fifth most common cause of illness reported by occupational and chest physicians to the SWORD surveillance scheme, with an estimated total of 1180 cases in the 5-year period 1989-1994. Questionnaires were sent to all physicians still participating, to record the circumstances of each inhalation accident they had reported between January 1990 and July 1993, covering case management and any resultant effects on health or employment; 93% of physicians returned the forms completed with adequate data on 85% of cases. From the information provided, 30% of the accidents resulted from lack of effective respiratory protection or other contraventions of safety regulations, 19% from leaks or spills and 13% from equipment failure. Resultant symptoms were described in 92% of cases: of these 48% were respiratory, 12% non-respiratory or toxic and 39% a combination of the two. The symptoms persisted often with absence from work for 1 month or more, in 26% of cases, including 9% with asthma or reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS), 11% other respiratory diseases, 3% non-respiratory conditions and 3% unspecified. It was evident that cases reported by chest physicians were more seriously ill than those from occupational physicians, but of those with persistent symptoms the proportion with asthma or RADS was fairly similar in the two groups (24 and 37%, respectively). Agents associated with asthma or RADS were mainly respiratory irritants and those associated with non-respiratory conditions were organic chemicals or combustion products. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. PMID:8651622

Sallie, B; McDonald, C

1996-04-01

372

Commercial driver accident research survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundRoad traffic incidents (RTIs) are on the rise in Pakistan with a disproportionately higher number of accidents involving commercial vehicles.ObjectivesTo estimate the prevalence of driver related causes potentially contributing to the occurrence of RTIs involving commercial vehicles in Pakistan, including driving behaviours, fatigue, sleep inadequacy, substance abuse and other risky practices while driving.MethodsA cross sectional survey in Rawalpindi using Time

M U Mir; J Razzak; K Ahmad

2010-01-01

373

Accident/Mishap Investigation System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

InvestigationOrganizer (IO) is a Web-based collaborative information system that integrates the generic functionality of a database, a document repository, a semantic hypermedia browser, and a rule-based inference system with specialized modeling and visualization functionality to support accident/mishap investigation teams. This accessible, online structure is designed to support investigators by allowing them to make explicit, shared, and meaningful links among evidence, causal models, findings, and recommendations.

Keller, Richard; Wolfe, Shawn; Gawdiak, Yuri; Carvalho, Robert; Panontin, Tina; Williams, James; Sturken, Ian

2007-01-01

374

Occupational Outlook Handbook 2000-2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The latest edition of this biannual handbook from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (last reviewed in the March 20, 1998 Scout Report) offers a wealth of career information for a wide range of occupations, including a brief review of important features and "what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects." Users can access this information (offered in HTML and .pdf formats) in three ways: by conducting a keyword search for a specific occupation, by browsing an "occupational cluster," or by browsing a listing of all occupations in alphabetical order. The Handbook remains an excellent source of relevant, condensed, and updated occupational information.

375

Occupational Medicine: Opportunities for Family Physicians  

PubMed Central

Occupational medicine has grown recently in sophistication and strength. Occupational physicians with specialty certification focus their attention on toxicology and health hazards in the workplace, compliance with regulatory requirements, and preventive services. These physicians are often employed by organizations. Most occupational health care will continue to be provided by family physicians, who may also be the physicians closest to the workers and their families. There are many opportunities for family physicians to develop their skills in occupational health care and to incorporate occupational medicine into their practices. PMID:21248919

Guidotti, Tee L.

1989-01-01

376

Does occupational health nursing exist in India?  

PubMed Central

Background: Occupational health services are important to develop healthy and productive work forces, which should be delivered through occupational health team. Occupational health nurse (OHN) is an important member of this team and is required to apply nursing principles in conserving the health of workers in occupational settings. Purpose: This article attempts to map the occupational health nursing courses in India and design competencies and curriculum for such a course. Materials and Methods: Information through the Internet, printed journals, and perspectives of the key stakeholders were the principal sources of data. Discussion: In India, there is a need to initiate a course on occupational health nursing to provide occupational health services for the organized and unorganized sector workforce. A certificate course for occupational health nursing for 3–4 months duration offered through contact session mode can be an opportune beginning. However, to cater employed nurses an online course can be another effective alternative. The theoretical part should essentially include modules on occupational diseases, industrial hygiene, and occupational health legislation, whereas the modules on practical aspects can include visits to industries. Taking into account the existing norms of Indian Factories Act for hazardous units of organized sector an estimated 1,34,640 OHNs are required. Conclusion: There is a need–supply gap in the number of occupational health nursing manpower in India, which can be attributed to the absence of any course to train such manpower. PMID:25598615

Tiwari, Rajnarayan R.; Sharma, Anjali; Zodpey, Sanjay P.; Khandare, Shobha M.

2014-01-01

377

Occupation and prostate cancer risk in Sweden.  

PubMed

To provide new leads regarding occupational prostate cancer risk factors, we linked 36,269 prostate cancer cases reported to the Swedish National Cancer Registry during 1961 to 1979 with employment information from the 1960 National Census. Standardized incidence ratios for prostate cancer, within major (1-digit), general (2-digit), and specific (3-digit) industries and occupations, were calculated. Significant excess risks were seen for agriculture-related industries, soap and perfume manufacture, and leather processing industries. Significantly elevated standardized incidence ratios were also seen for the following occupations: farmers, leather workers, and white-collar occupations. Our results suggest that farmers; certain occupations and industries with exposures to cadmium, herbicides, and fertilizers; and men with low occupational physical activity levels have elevated prostate cancer risks. Further research is needed to confirm these findings and identify specific exposures related to excess risk in these occupations and industries. PMID:10824305

Sharma-Wagner, S; Chokkalingam, A P; Malker, H S; Stone, B J; McLaughlin, J K; Hsing, A W

2000-05-01

378

Analysis of electrical accidents and the related causes involving citizens who are served by the Western of Tehran  

PubMed Central

Background: Electrical burns account for a significant percentage of fatal accidents. Each year, a number of consumers in Iran suffer from electrical injuries due to technical problems, equipment failures, and the unauthorized use of electricity. The aim of this study was to examine the root causes of accidents that involved electricity in the district served by the Western Tehran Province Electricity Distribution Company. Methods: This was a descriptive study in which incidents involving electricity-related injuries were investigated among customers served by the Western Tehran Province Electricity Distribution Company. Therefore, we collected and analyzed incident reports filed by citizens from 2005 through the first half of 2009 in the Distribution Company’s coverage area, including Savejbolagh, Shahriyar, eastern Karaj, Qods City, southern Karaj, western Karaj, Malard, and Mehrshahr. The reported events were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: Exposure of electricity lines and unauthorized construction of residential houses in areas where there were medium- and low-voltage lines were responsible for 37% of the injuries. The findings showed that the highest rate of accidents occurred in 2008 and the first half of 2009. The highest rate of accidents occurred among people with a mean age of 35. Conclusion: The results from investigating the causes of electrical accidents emphasized the necessity of developing a culture of safety in communities, especially among employees who are engaged in occupations related to electricity, construction workers, and school children to reduce the rate of such accidents.

Kalte, Haji Omid; Hosseini, Alireza Haji; Arabzadeh, Sara; Najafi, Hossein; Dehghan, Naser; Akbarzadeh, Arash; Keshavarz, Safiyeh; Karchani, Mohsen

2014-01-01

379

Occupational factors and pancreatic cancer.  

PubMed Central

The relation between occupational factors and pancreatic cancer has been studied by two different approaches: a population based case-control study with two series of controls and a retrospective cohort study based on register data. With both approaches, some support was found for an association with occupational exposure to petroleum products. Associations were also indicated with exposure to paint thinner (case-control study) and work in painting and in paint and varnish factories (cohort study), for exposure to detergents, floor cleaning agents, or polish (case-control study) and with floor polishing or window cleaning (cohort study), and for exposure to refuse (case-control study) and work in refuse disposal plants (cohort study). PMID:3790458

Norell, S; Ahlbom, A; Olin, R; Erwald, R; Jacobson, G; Lindberg-Navier, I; Wiechel, K L

1986-01-01

380

Occupational injuries due to violence.  

PubMed

Each year in the United States, an estimated 800 to 1,400 people are murdered at work, and an unknown number of nonfatal injuries due to workplace violence occur. Based on Ohio's workers' compensation claims from 1983 through 1985, police officers, gasoline service station employees, employees of the real estate industry, and hotel/motel employees were found to be at the highest risk for occupational violent crime (OVC) injury and death. Grocery store employees, specifically those working in convenience food stores, and employees of the real estate industry had the most reported rapes. Four previously unidentified industries at increased risk of employee victimization were described. Identification of industries and occupations at high risk for crime victimization provides the opportunity to focus preventive strategies to promote employee safety and security in the workplace. PMID:3392614

Hales, T; Seligman, P J; Newman, S C; Timbrook, C L

1988-06-01

381

Occupational Surveillance for Spaceflight Exposures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the importance of longterm occupational health surveillance of astronauts after exposure to the possible hazards of spaceflight. Because there is not much information about long term effects of spaceflight on human health, it is important to identify some of the possible results of exposure to the many possible factors that can influence longterm health impacts. This surveillance also allows for NASA to meet the obligation to care for the astronauts for their lifetime.

Tarver, William J.

2010-01-01

382

Occupational Hearing Loss in Korea  

PubMed Central

In this article, current status of noise exposure in workplaces, trend of workers with noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL), and prevalence of NIHL in workers by industry and job category in Korea were reviewed. In addition, trends of research on the audiological effects such as hearing loss from noise and occupational hearing loss from non-noise in Korea were addressed through reports in industrial audiology. Though noise exposure level has improved, noise still shows the highest rate of cases exceeding exposure limit among workplace hazards. NIHL is the most common occupational disease except work-related disease such as musculoskeletal disorders and cerebrovascular diseases, and NIHL prevalence is thought to be much higher than reported in official publications. Noise affecting hearing comes from various sources such as workplaces, military settings, areas with exposure to high noise, and specific noise sources. There is also occupational hearing loss by non-noise including chemicals such as organic solvents and heavy metals, barotrauma, and trauma due to welding spark. Noise affects daily life through audiological effects such as hearing loss and tinnitus, non-audiological physical effects (e.g., cardiovascular), and psychosocial and behavioral effects. Development of systematic and comprehensive hearing conservation programs for lowering the noise level in workplaces and preventing the NIHL, and preparation of technological, administrative system for its settlement at workplace are urgently needed. PMID:21258593

2010-01-01

383

Occupational Lymphohematopoietic Cancer in Korea  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to review the existing studies on lymphohematopoietic (LHP) cancer in Korea, estimate the prevalence of workers exposed to carcinogens, and determine the population attributable fraction (PAF) of leukemia. Two case series and 4 case reports were reviewed. Using official statistics, the prevalence of benzene exposure and ionizing radiation exposure was estimated. Based on the prevalence of exposure and the relative risk, The PAF of leukemia was calculated. Between 1996 and 2005, 51 cases of LHP cancer were reported from the compensation system. Greater than 50% of occupational LHP cancer was leukemia, and the most important cause was benzene. In a cohort study, the standardized incidence ratio was 2.71 (95% CI, 0.56-7.91). The prevalence of exposure was 2.5% and 2.2% in 1995 and 2000, respectively. Using the 1995 prevalence, 3.6-4.8% and 0.1% of cases with leukemia were attributable to benzene and ionizing radiation exposure, respectively, which resulted in 39.7-51.4 cases per year. Benzene is the most important cause of occupational leukemia in Korea. Considering the estimated PAF in this study, the annual number of occupational LHP cancer (51 cases during 10-yr period), might be underreported within the compensation system. PMID:21258598

Lee, Won Jin; Son, Mia; Kang, Seong-Kyu

2010-01-01

384

Occupational disease in Connecticut: 2002.  

PubMed

Data on chronic work-related conditions were compiled for Connecticut for 2002 from physician reports to the Occupational Disease Surveillance System (ODSS), the Workers' Compensation (WC) Commission, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)/ ConnOSHA survey. Physicians reported 2,082 cases of occupational disease in Connecticut in 2002, approximately half of the estimate of 4,388 cases using the BLS/ ConnOSHA methodology. Cases in the ODSS included 921 (44%) reports of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD), 476 adult lead poisonings (based on lab reporting), 338 skin disorders, and 283 respiratory and lung conditions. There were increased reports in both the ODSS and WC systems over 2001 figures. Emerging conditions included vibration-related MSD, a mold-related respiratory outbreak, and Lyme Disease/tick bites among outdoor workers. Only 86 physicians from 29 clinics reported cases indicating widespread under-reporting of occupational disorders among community physicians despite Connecticut statutes mandating reporting of work-related disease. PMID:16184858

Morse, Tim; Meyer, John D; St Louis, Thomas; Storey, Eileen

2005-01-01

385

NASA Occupant Protection Standards Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Current National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) occupant protection standards and requirements are based on extrapolations of biodynamic models, which were based on human tests performed under pre-Space Shuttle human flight programs where the occupants were in different suit and seat configurations than is expected for the Multi Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV) and Commercial Crew programs. As a result, there is limited statistical validity to the occupant protection standards. Furthermore, the current standards and requirements have not been validated in relevant spaceflight suit, seat configurations or loading conditions. The objectives of this study were to develop new standards and requirements for occupant protection and rigorously validate these new standards with sub-injurious human testing. To accomplish these objectives we began by determining which critical injuries NASA would like to protect for. We then defined the anthropomorphic test device (ATD) and the associated injury metrics of interest. Finally, we conducted a literature review of available data for the Test Device for Human Occupant Restraint New Technology (THOR-NT) ATD to determine injury assessment reference values (IARV) to serve as a baseline for further development. To better understand NASA s environment, we propose conducting sub-injurious human testing in spaceflight seat and suit configurations with spaceflight dynamic loads, with a sufficiently high number of subjects to validate no injury during nominal landing loads. In addition to validate nominal loads, the THOR-NT ATD will be tested in the same conditions as the human volunteers, allowing correlation between human and ATD responses covering the Orion nominal landing environment and commercial vehicle expected nominal environments. All testing will be conducted without the suit and with the suit to ascertain the contribution of the suit to human and ATD responses. In addition to the testing campaign proposed, additional data analysis is proposed to mine existing human injury and response data from other sources, including military volunteer testing, automotive Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN), and IndyCar impact and injury data. These data sources can allow a better extrapolation of the ATD responses to off-nominal conditions above the nominal range that can safely be tested. These elements will be used to develop injury risk functions for each of the injury metrics measured from the ATD. These risk functions would serve as the basis for the NASA standards. Finally, we propose defining standard test methodology for evaluating future spacecraft designs against the IARVs, including developing a star-rating system to allow crew safety comparisons between vehicles.

Somers, Jeffrey T.; Gernhardt, Michael A.; Lawrence, Charles

2011-01-01

386

Joint Committee on Aviation Pathology: XIV. Ischaemic heart disease: a problem in aircraft accident reconstruction.  

PubMed

A twin-engine light aircraft crashed at night on the third ILS approach. Runway Visual Range was 300 m. All four occupants were killed. The owner, aged 61, one of the two crew members, occupied the left-hand seat and was found to have an old, extensive antero-lateral infarct and severe coronary artery disease. There was no evidence of recent pathological change. A large number of drugs was found in the personal effects of the owner, including Allopurinol, Indomethacin, and Flurazepam. Subsequent investigation revealed that the owner had his PPL withdrawn 12 months prior to the accident on account of myocardial infarction. The problem of pilot control and the significance of cardiovascular disease as a possible cause for the accident are discussed. PMID:921659

Ground, K E

1977-10-01

387

Aircraft Loss-of-Control Accident Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Loss of control remains one of the largest contributors to fatal aircraft accidents worldwide. Aircraft loss-of-control accidents are complex in that they can result from numerous causal and contributing factors acting alone or (more often) in combination. Hence, there is no single intervention strategy to prevent these accidents. To gain a better understanding into aircraft loss-of-control events and possible intervention strategies, this paper presents a detailed analysis of loss-of-control accident data (predominantly from Part 121), including worst case combinations of causal and contributing factors and their sequencing. Future potential risks are also considered.

Belcastro, Christine M.; Foster, John V.

2010-01-01

388

[Fatal accidents at train intersections in Denmark].  

PubMed

Material was collected concerning fatal level-crossing accidents in Denmark during the period 1.1.1980 to 31.12.1987. The epidemiological and traumatic circumstances are illustrated. A total of 51 fatal level-crossing accidents occurred which corresponds to 1% of all the annual traffic deaths in Denmark. The majority of the accidents occurred in good weather conditions and between 12 noon and 3.59 pm. Single-person accidents constituted 75%. The majority of the persons killed belonged to the local population and were familiar with the local conditions. The majority of the accidents were the local conditions. The majority of the accidents were due to poor visual conditions and lack of attention. In level-crossings with a keeper, the commonest causes were blinding by the sun and fog. The majority of the accidents occurred in level-crossings marked by light and sound signals. The risk for accidents in these crossings is six times as great as in crossings with half barriers. Private cars were most frequently involved and the persons killed in these died of head and cerebral injuries because the train buffers hit them at head height. Derailing of the trains was only seen on three occasions where the obstructing vehicles were heavy lorries. The fact that more derailings did not occur must be due to the low rate of the trains in the railway sidings where the majority of accidents occurred. A few proposals are made for prophylactic measures. PMID:2296808

Kejlaa, G

1990-01-01

389

HTGR severe accident sequence analysis  

SciTech Connect

Thermal-hydraulic, fission product transport, and atmospheric dispersion calculations are presented for hypothetical severe accident release paths at the Fort St. Vrain (FSV) high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR). Off-site radiation exposures are calculated for assumed release of 100% of the 24 hour post-shutdown core xenon and krypton inventory and 5.5% of the iodine inventory. The results show conditions under which dose avoidance measures would be desirable and demonstrate the importance of specific release characteristics such as effective release height. 7 tables.

Harrington, R.M.; Ball, S.J.; Kornegay, F.C.

1982-01-01

390

Biomechanical injury evaluation of laminated side door windows and sunroof during rollover accidents.  

PubMed

Significantly more fatalities and serious injuries occur due to ejection in roll over accidents. The present study was conducted to determine the occupant retention and head-neck injury potential aspects of laminated glass in side door windows and sunroofs during roll over accidents. The test protocol for this study was based on National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) studies for advanced glazing. The impact study of 18 kg with head-neck form was conducted on laminated glass of side doors and sunroofs from production vehicles. The drop speed was varied from 11 to 16 kph. The Hybrid III 50% male dummy head-neck form was impacted on the approximately center of the glass portion of the windows. The head injury criteria, head resultant acceleration, and neck loads and moments were quantified. A series of drop tests were conducted on roll down side windows with laminated glass. The head-neck biomechanical parameters were well below the critical value injury tolerance limits. Results indicated that the glass contained the dummy assembly and the head-neck biomechanical parameters were below the critical value injury tolerance limits in simulated rollover accidents. The present study demonstrates that head-neck injury is unlikely due to laminated glass side windows and sunroof laminated glass used in production vehicles during rollover accidents and that the dummy is contained by the laminated glazing. PMID:12724901

Sances, Anthony; Kumaresan, Srirangam; Carlin, Fred; Friedman, Keith; Meyer, Steve

2003-01-01

391

Occupational Asthma and Its Relationship to Occupational Rhinitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational asthma (OA) is a type of bronchial asthma caused by the workplace, and it accounts for 10-15% of adult asthma.\\u000a \\u000a Two types of OA are distinguished: allergic OA that occurs after a latency period, and non-allergic OA characterized by the\\u000a absence of a latency period, also defined as irritant-induced OA.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a A wide spectrum of agents both high molecular weight

Gianna Moscato; Eugenia Galdi

392

Effects of the Chernobyl accident on public perceptions of nuclear plant accident risks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessments of public perceptions of the characteristics of a nuclear power plant accident and affective responses to its likelihood were conducted 5 months before and 1 month after the Chernobyl accident. Analyses of data from 69 residents of southwestern Washington showed significant test-retest correlations for only 10 of 18 variables--accident likelihood, three measures of impact characteristics, three measures of affective

Michael K. Lindell; Ronald W. Perry

1990-01-01

393

Occupational fatalities caused by contact with overhead power lines in the construction industry.  

PubMed

Fatality inspection records from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration were examined to determine which construction industry trades have significantly greater proportions of occupational fatalities resulting from contact with overhead power lines than are expected. Proportionate mortality ratios were calculated for each construction industry trade, and Mantel-Haenszel chi-squared tests were performed to determine significance. The heavy construction, highway and streets construction, painting and roofing trades had significantly greater proportions of fatalities resulting from contact with overhead power lines (P < 0.05). The heavy construction industry experienced the greatest number of fatalities among the four trades. Employee training and education in the identification and elimination of overhead power line hazards should be emphasized in the construction industry. Accident prevention should also include maintaining minimum clearances to the lines and the proper use of equipment. PMID:9113603

Janicak, C A

1997-04-01

394

The effects of differential unemployment rate increases of occupation groups on changes in mortality.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the effects of changes in unemployment rates of occupation groups on changes in mortality in a period of increasing unemployment. METHODS: Census records for all 20- to 64-year-old economically active Finnish men in 1985 were linked to information on unemployment and deaths in 1987 through 1993. RESULTS: Change in mortality was similar in occupation groups in which unemployment rates increased at a different pace. These relationships were similar for all age groups and for mortality from diseases as well as accidents and violence. CONCLUSIONS: Unemployment does not seem to cause mortality in the short term. Excess mortality rates among unemployed individuals observed in previous studies may have been due in part to selection. PMID:9842389

Martikainen, P T; Valkonen, T

1998-01-01

395

Partial least square method for modelling ergonomic risks factors on express bus accidents in the east coast of peninsular west Malaysia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public, stake holders and authorities in Malaysian government show great concern towards high numbers of passenger's injuries and passengers fatalities in express bus accident. This paper studies the underlying factors involved in determining ergonomics risk factors towards human error as the reasons in express bus accidents in order to develop an integrated analytical framework. Reliable information about drivers towards bus accident should lead to the design of strategies intended to make the public feel safe in public transport services. In addition there is an analysis of ergonomics risk factors to determine highly ergonomic risk factors which led to accidents. The research was performed in east coast of peninsular Malaysia using variance-based structural equation modeling namely the Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression techniques. A questionnaire survey was carried out at random among 65 express bus drivers operating from the city of Kuantan in Pahang and among 49 express bus drivers operating from the city of Kuala Terengganu in Terengganu to all towns in the east coast of peninsular west Malaysia. The ergonomic risks factors questionnaire is based on demographic information, occupational information, organizational safety climate, ergonomic workplace, physiological factors, stress at workplace, physical fatigue and near miss accidents. The correlation and significant values between latent constructs (near miss accident) were analyzed using SEM SmartPLS, 3M. The finding shows that the correlated ergonomic risks factors (occupational information, t=2.04, stress at workplace, t = 2.81, physiological factor, t=2.08) are significant to physical fatigue and as the mediator to near miss accident at t = 2.14 at p<0.05and T-statistics, t>1.96. The results shows that the effects of physical fatigue due to ergonomic risks factors influence the human error as the reasons in express bus accidents.

Hashim, Yusof bin; Taha, Zahari bin

2015-02-01

396

Occupational sex stereotypes among college students.  

PubMed

Occupational stereotypes among college students are examined. College students rated the 106 occupations contained in the Strong Interest Inventory according to the degree persons in these occupations contained masculine or feminine traits or according to the proportion of men and women employed in them. Men and women made equivalent ratings of occupations. Ratings for trait and proportion did not differ. Based on comparisons with Shinar's earlier research in 1975, it would appear that stereotyping has moderated even though it remained present in responses. Further comparisons show consistent differences in stereotyping based on the Holland occupational types of occupations rated. Implications for the use of interest inventories and the continuation of sex typing are presented. PMID:12315852

White, M J; Kruczek, T A; Brown, M T; White, G B

1989-06-01

397

Occupational Trajectories and Immigrant Worker Health  

PubMed Central

During their initial years in the receiving country, many immigrants experience occupational downgrading. Downgrading is a loss of occupational status between one’s last job in the home country and first job in the receiving country, often resulting in overeducation or overqualification. Although the extent and determinants of such occupational trajectories have been characterized, the connection to immigrant worker health has not been widely examined. However, an emerging body of knowledge indicates that negative health outcomes are associated with overeducation and overqualification in general worker populations, suggesting similar experiences by immigrant workers. This article provides an overview of the magnitude and conceptualization of occupational downgrading, overeducation, and overqualification and discusses implications for immigrant worker health. Occupational health professionals should spearhead research efforts on occupational downgrading, raise public awareness about the issue, and serve as advocates for immigrant workers’ rights. PMID:23092177

Crollard, Allison; de Castro, A. B.; Tsai, Jenny Hsin-Chun

2013-01-01

398

Cultural relativism: occupation and independence reconsidered.  

PubMed

In this article, findings from a qualitative study of a cohort of occupational therapy students in Auckland, New Zealand are presented. The study focussed on the experiences of students as they learned to work with people from different social and cultural backgrounds over a 3-year period. As well as identifying curriculum and teaching/learning processes that enhance intercultural competence development, the data that emerged from the study also highlight important issues about how occupation and independence are conceptualised across cultures. A review of the trans-disciplinary and occupational therapy literature dealing with theoretical, conceptual and educational issues relating to cross-cultural practice is followed by a presentation of narrative extracts that address the key concepts of occupation and independence. These are then discussed with reference to relevant occupational therapy literature. In conclusion, implications for future research and practice are explored focussing on a need for occupation and independence to be reconsidered as culturally relative constructions. PMID:11140146

Whiteford, G E; Wilcock, A A

2000-12-01

399

[Multiple injuries in mass accidents].  

PubMed

The treatment starts with reanimation, managing the shock, followed by life-saving surgery on the central nervous system, chest, abdomen, large blood vessels and the uropoietic system. From the very beginning the therapy should be conducted on an intradisciplinary basis, first with the anaesthesiologist, later with other specialists as required. Once the patient's life has been saved, treatment of eyes, hands and systematic attention to extremities should follow. Shock has to be managed within 24 hours. Luxations of large joints should be reposed on the date of injury, open fractures closed, all fractures immobilized in favourable position. No extension should be applied in patients suffering from brain injuries; fractures of the femur should be fixed surgically by a second team in the course of the neurosurgical operation. A stomatologist's assistance makes general anaesthesia possible even with fractures of the jaw. In mass accidents the therapeutic plan for the polytraumatized should be fixed on the following day. A mass accident involving 35 injured treated within two and a half hours demonstrates this procedure in 7 polytraumatized persons. PMID:6741324

Wondrák, E

1984-01-01

400

The effect of roof strength on reducing occupant injury in rollovers.  

PubMed

Roof crush occurs and potentially contributes to serious or fatal occupant injury in 26% of rollovers. It is likely that glazing retention is related to the degree of roof crush experienced in rollover accidents. Occupant ejection (including partial ejection) is the leading cause of death and injury in rollover accidents. In fatal passenger car accidents involving ejection, 34% were ejected through the side windows. Side window glass retention during a rollover is likely to significantly reduce occupant ejections. The inverted drop test methodology is a test procedure to evaluate the structural integrity of roofs under loadings similar to those seen in real world rollovers. Recent testing on many different vehicle types indicates that damage consistent with field rollover accidents can be achieved through inverted drop testing at very small drop heights. Drop test comparisons were performed on 16 pairs of vehicles representing a large spectrum of vehicle types. Each vehicle pair includes a production vehicle and a vehicle with a reinforced roof structure dropped under the same test conditions. This paper offers several examples of post-production reinforcements to roof structures that significantly increase the crush resistance of the roof as measured by inverted drop tests. These modifications were implemented with minimal impact on vehicle styling, interior space and visual clearances. The results of these modifications indicate that roof crush can be mitigated by nearly an order of magnitude, as roof crush was reduced by 44-91% with only a 1-2.3% increase in vehicle weight. Additionally, this paper analyzes the glazing breakage patterns in the moveable tempered side windows on the side adjacent to the vehicle impact point in the inverted drop tests. A comparison is made between the production vehicles and the reinforced vehicles in order to determine if the amount roof crush is related to glazing integrity in the side windows. Lastly, two drop test pairs, performed with Hybrid III test dummies, indicates that the reduction of roof crush resulted in a direct reduction in neck loading and therefore an increase in occupant protection. PMID:15850089

Herbst, Brian; Forrest, Steve; Orton, Tia; Meyer, Steven E; Sances, Anthony; Kumaresan, Srirangam

2005-01-01

401

NASA technical advances in aircraft occupant safety. [clear air turbulence detectors, fire resistant materials, and crashworthiness  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's aviation safety technology program examines specific safety problems associated with atmospheric hazards, crash-fire survival, control of aircraft on runways, human factors, terminal area operations hazards, and accident factors simulation. While aircraft occupants are ultimately affected by any of these hazards, their well-being is immediately impacted by three specific events: unexpected turbulence encounters, fire and its effects, and crash impact. NASA research in the application of laser technology to the problem of clear air turbulence detection, the development of fire resistant materials for aircraft construction, and to the improvement of seats and restraint systems to reduce crash injuries are reviewed.

Enders, J. H.

1978-01-01

402

Occupational rhinitis and occupational asthma; one airway two diseases?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The concept of 'one airway, one disease' refers to the frequent comorbidity of asthma and rhinitis. However, only limited research has been done on this association for the diverse range of occupational respiratory sensitisers. The relative frequency of rhinitis was determined for the 15 respiratory sensitisers reported to cause at least 10 cases of rhinitis or asthma to The Health and Occupation Reporting (THOR) network between 1997 and 2006. Of 1408 cases, 1190 were sole diagnoses of asthma, 138 sole diagnoses of rhinitis and in 80 cases asthma coexisted with rhinitis. The six sensitisers for which rhinitis featured in over 15% of cases were all particulates and known to cause release of mast cell mediators, either directly or through IgE antibodies. Four of the other nine sensitisers often exist as vapours and only two have been consistently associated with IgE-mediated disease mechanisms. Particle size did not appear to correlate with the relative frequency of rhinitis. Despite its limitations this study would support the hypothesis that there are at least two mechanistic categories of respiratory sensitisation with rhinitis being relatively more common where the mechanism is IgE-mediated. Particulate nature may be another important factor to consider in future studies.

Seed, M. J.; Gittins, M.; DeVocht, F.; Agius, R. M.

2009-02-01

403

Fatal accident distribution by age, gender and head injury, and death probability at accident scene in Mashhad, Iran, 2006-2009.  

PubMed

Several studies have investigated road traffic deaths, but few have compared by road user type. Iran, with an estimated 44 road traffic deaths per 100,000 population in 2002 had higher road traffic deaths than any other country for which reliable estimates can be made. So, the present study was conducted on road death data and identified fatal accident distribution by age, gender and head injury as well as the influences of age and gender on deaths at accident scenes for all road user groups. Data used in this study are on fatal road accidents recorded by forensic medicine experts of the Khorasan Razavi province in Mashhad, the capital of the province, the second largest city and the largest place of pilgrimage, immigration and tourism in Iran. Chi-square test and odds ratio were used to identify the relation of death place with age and gender in 2495 fatal road accidents from 2006 to 2009. The t-test and analysis of variance were employed for continues variable, age, to compare males' and females' mean age for all road user categories. For two genders, all three groups of fatalities (pedestrian, motorcyclist and motor vehicle occupant) had a peak at the ages of 21-30. The youngest were male motorcyclists (mean age = 28). Old pedestrians were included in road deaths very much, too. Male/female overall ratio was 3.41 and the highest male/female ratio was related to motorcyclists (14). The overall ratio of head injury to other organ injuries (torso and underbody) was 2.51 and pedestrians had the largest amount of head injury (38.2%). Regarding death at accident scene, for all road users, gender did not have any significant relation with death at the scene (P-value > 0.1); on the contrary, age had significant relation (P-value < 0.05). Females were more vulnerable at accident scenes (male/female ratio at accident sense < 1). Pedestrians aged 21-30, motorcyclists 41-50 and motor vehicle occupants 31-40 died the most at accident scenes. Identifying the most endangered groups of road accident fatalities, which was conducted in this study, is invaluable for the appropriate design of prevention strategies and allocation of financial resources for each group of road user fatalities - since in developing nations, there are insufficient financial resources to traffic safety and we should consider superiorities, i.e. the most risky groups. Steps which may contribute to safety promotion for local conditions include suitable facilities for old pedestrians, a training course before obtaining motorcycle license for motorcyclists, informing young road users by provincial media about death risk of road users and improving management of the head-injured patients. Finally, suggestions for future researches were made. PMID:22681408

Zangooei Dovom, Hossein; Shafahi, Yousef; Zangooei Dovom, Mehdi

2013-01-01

404

75 FR 26266 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Purpose: The Safety and Occupational Health Study Section will review, discuss...issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas. It is the intent of NIOSH...for the magnitude of the aggregate health burden associated with...

2010-05-11

405

78 FR 56235 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Purpose: The Safety and Occupational Health Study Section will review, discuss...issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas. It is the intent of NIOSH...for the magnitude of the aggregate health burden associated with...

2013-09-12

406

77 FR 4048 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Purpose: The Safety and Occupational Health Study Section will review, discuss...issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas. It is the intent of NIOSH...for the magnitude of the aggregate health burden associated with...

2012-01-26

407

76 FR 3908 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS); National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Purpose: The Safety and Occupational Health Study Section will review, discuss...issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas. It is the intent of NIOSH...for the magnitude of the aggregate health burden associated with...

2011-01-21

408

76 FR 18220 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Purpose: The Safety and Occupational Health Study Section will review, discuss...issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas. It is the intent of NIOSH...for the magnitude of the aggregate health burden associated with...

2011-04-01

409

77 FR 75633 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Purpose: The Safety and Occupational Health Study Section will review, discuss...issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas. It is the intent of NIOSH...for the magnitude of the aggregate health burden associated with...

2012-12-21

410

78 FR 24751 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Purpose: The Safety and Occupational Health Study Section will review, discuss...issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas. It is the intent of NIOSH...for the magnitude of the aggregate health burden associated with...

2013-04-26

411

76 FR 52330 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Purpose: The Safety and Occupational Health Study Section will review, discuss...issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas. It is the intent of NIOSH...for the magnitude of the aggregate health burden associated with...

2011-08-22

412

77 FR 27776 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Purpose: The Safety and Occupational Health Study Section will review, discuss...issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas. It is the intent of NIOSH...for the magnitude of the aggregate health burden associated with...

2012-05-11

413

78 FR 75922 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Purpose: The Safety and Occupational Health Study Section will review, discuss...issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas. It is the intent of NIOSH...for the magnitude of the aggregate health burden associated with...

2013-12-13

414

77 FR 51810 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Purpose: The Safety and Occupational Health Study Section will review, discuss...issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas. It is the intent of NIOSH...for the magnitude of the aggregate health burden associated with...

2012-08-27

415

75 FR 56549 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Safety and Occupational Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Purpose: The Safety and Occupational Health Study Section will review, discuss...issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas. It is the intent of NIOSH...for the magnitude of the aggregate health burden associated with...

2010-09-16

416

75 FR 5333 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Purpose: The Safety and Occupational Health Study Section will review, discuss...issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas. It is the intent of NIOSH...for the magnitude of the aggregate health burden associated with...

2010-02-02

417

Site Occupancy ofSite Occupancy of HochstetterHochstetter''s Frogss Frogs  

E-print Network

Site Occupancy ofSite Occupancy of HochstetterHochstetter''s Frogss Frogs ((Leiopelma hochstetteri species and ecosystems ­ Threatened/ endangered since human arrival #12;HochstetterHochstetter''s Frogs Frog · Amphibians- Important indicators ­ Sensitivity to disturbance · NZ Amphibians ­ Primitive

New Hampshire, University of

418

[Occupational hypoacusis in transport workers].  

PubMed

The article concerns prevalence and causes of occupational neurosensory hypoacusis (ONH) in transport workers exposed to intensive industrial noise. Most often ONH is diagnosed in civil aviation air crews and railway locomotive crews aged 45-50 years with service history 15 years and longer. Because ONH morbidity has a trend to rise, it is necessary to update medical criteria of professional fitness and rules of medical examination of transport workers, especially those engaged in safety control. International classifications and scientific approaches may be considered. Innovations in noise reduction, modern hearing protection measures, early diagnosis and rehabilitation must be promoted. PMID:18833089

Pankova, V B

2008-01-01

419

Occupational asthma caused by ethanolamines.  

PubMed

Amino alcohols are used in various industries, often as minor constituents of compounds to modify the properties of the compound. Generally, they are considered to be safe, but they have been known to cause local skin irritation at higher concentrations in solutions. We report on three cases of occupational asthma caused by ethanolamines: two metal workers exposed to a cutting fluid containing triethanolamine, and one cleaner exposed to a detergent containing monoethanolamine. The diagnosis was based on work-related symptoms and on a chamber challenge with the suspected agent. Persistence of the symptoms after exposure ended was a common feature of the three cases. PMID:7709998

Savonius, B; Keskinen, H; Tuppurainen, M; Kanerva, L

1994-12-01

420

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3...BOARD RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a...

2011-10-01

421

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3...BOARD RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a...

2013-10-01

422

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3...BOARD RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a...

2010-10-01

423

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3...BOARD RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a...

2014-10-01

424

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3...BOARD RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a...

2012-10-01

425

43 CFR 15.13 - Report of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accidents. 15.13 Section 15.13 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.13 Report of accidents. Accidents involving injury to life or property shall be reported as...

2011-10-01

426

43 CFR 15.13 - Report of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...accidents. 15.13 Section 15.13 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.13 Report of accidents. Accidents involving injury to life or property shall be reported as...

2014-10-01

427

43 CFR 15.13 - Report of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accidents. 15.13 Section 15.13 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.13 Report of accidents. Accidents involving injury to life or property shall be reported as...

2013-10-01

428

43 CFR 15.13 - Report of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accidents. 15.13 Section 15.13 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.13 Report of accidents. Accidents involving injury to life or property shall be reported as...

2010-10-01

429

43 CFR 15.13 - Report of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...accidents. 15.13 Section 15.13 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.13 Report of accidents. Accidents involving injury to life or property shall be reported as...

2012-10-01

430

10 CFR 835.1304 - Nuclear accident dosimetry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Nuclear accident dosimetry. 835.1304 ...Situations § 835.1304 Nuclear accident dosimetry. (a) Installations...individuals to radiation from a nuclear accident is possible, shall...

2012-01-01

431

10 CFR 835.1304 - Nuclear accident dosimetry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nuclear accident dosimetry. 835.1304 ...Situations § 835.1304 Nuclear accident dosimetry. (a) Installations...individuals to radiation from a nuclear accident is possible, shall...

2010-01-01

432

10 CFR 835.1304 - Nuclear accident dosimetry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Nuclear accident dosimetry. 835.1304 ...Situations § 835.1304 Nuclear accident dosimetry. (a) Installations...individuals to radiation from a nuclear accident is possible, shall...

2014-01-01

433

10 CFR 835.1304 - Nuclear accident dosimetry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Nuclear accident dosimetry. 835.1304 ...Situations § 835.1304 Nuclear accident dosimetry. (a) Installations...individuals to radiation from a nuclear accident is possible, shall...

2011-01-01

434

10 CFR 835.1304 - Nuclear accident dosimetry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nuclear accident dosimetry. 835.1304 ...Situations § 835.1304 Nuclear accident dosimetry. (a) Installations...individuals to radiation from a nuclear accident is possible, shall...

2013-01-01

435

Italian occupational health: concepts, conflicts, implications.  

PubMed Central

This paper examines Italy's worker-based model for occupational health, especially its key concepts and its relation to social conflict. It briefly reviews the history of three approaches to occupational health in Italy: university-based, industry-based, and government-based. It then analyzes the worker-based approach, which emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s as worker groups and trade unions mobilized around new concepts of occupational health. Five key concepts are discussed: the workers' homogeneous group; workers' subjectivity; the use of contract language; the development of local occupational health institutions; and the use of occupational hazard risk maps. The analysis illustrates how the social processes of mobilization and institutionalization affected the ideas and structures of Italian occupational health. Worker mobilization in Italy produced ideological changes in the nation's occupational health system, institutional changes in universities and governments, and legislative changes at national and local levels. The institutionalization of reforms, however, created new conflicts and problems and tended to restrict worker participation and promote expert intervention. The paper concludes with a brief outline of the history of occupational health approaches in the United States and then discusses the implications of the five Italian concepts for US occupational health policy. PMID:6380322

Reich, M R; Goldman, R H

1984-01-01

436

Occupational Employment Projections. Outlook: 1990-2005.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although job openings are expected to occur at all levels of education and training, opportunities to advance into the higher paying occupations will generally require postsecondary education. (Author)

Silvestri, George; Lukasiewicz, John

1991-01-01

437

Imaging of occupational and environmental lung diseases  

SciTech Connect

The chest radiograph is the basic tool for identifying occupational and environmental lung diseases; however, its sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of occupational and environmental lung diseases are low. High-resolution CT is the optimal method of recognizing parenchymal abnormalities in occupational and environmental disease. With the exception of pleural plaques, the CT findings of occupational and environmental lung diseases are nonspecific. Therefore, correlation of imaging features with history of exposure, other clinical features, and sometimes pathology is needed for the diagnosis of pneumoconiosis.

Akira, M. [Kinki Cuo Chest Medical Center, Osaka (Japan)

2008-03-15

438

Competence and the occupational therapy entrepreneur.  

PubMed

That which constitutes competence in an occupational therapy entrepreneur is not well delineated, even though the role of entrepreneur requires that such a person possess a particular set of knowledge and skills in order to be competent. The question of competence in an occupational therapy entrepreneur is increasingly important because the number of practitioners assuming this role has grown in recent times. Indeed, a connection exists between the competence of occupational therapy entrepreneurs and the future stature of the profession. Still, the issue remains: How will occupational therapy entrepreneurs be judged competent? Peer evaluation is one possibility, but the ultimate measure will be marketplace success. PMID:9777066

Foto, M

1998-10-01

439

BLANKET STUDENT ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS INSURANCE  

E-print Network

BLANKET STUDENT ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS INSURANCE Especially Designed for Students of your resources and benefits under the plan of insurance sponsored by your school. It is not a contract of insurance. Your coverage is governed by a policy of student accident and sickness insurance underwritten

Suzuki, Masatsugu

440

BLANKET STUDENT ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS INSURANCE  

E-print Network

BLANKET STUDENT ACCIDENT AND SICKNESS INSURANCE Especially Designed for the Dependents Abroad. This brochure is a summary of your benefits under the plan of insurance sponsored by your school. It is not a contract of insurance. Your coverage is governed by a policy of student accident and sickness insurance

Suzuki, Masatsugu

441

The hermeneutics of accidents and safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The engineering aspects of road safety have now become so sophisticated that road accidents have seemingly reached an asymptotic level. Unfortunately this level is well above zero, and the remaining accidents seem to be due not so much to faults in the environmental interface as to carelessness and perversity. Mechanistic models of man are not well equipped to deal with

DONALD H. TAYLOR

1981-01-01

442

Exact Location : Date of Accident : AM PM  

E-print Network

SSN Cell Phone Home Phone Work Phone Exact Location : Date of Accident : AM PM Date accident. Send this completed form to Carole Shaver, Human Resources Phone : 757-221-3160 or Name of Witness : Was safety equipment used? Describe nature of Injury and describe body part affected (to include right

Swaddle, John

443

A Serious Game for Traffic Accident Investigators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Dubai, traffic accidents kill one person every 37 hours and injure one person every 3 hours. Novice traffic accident investigators in the Dubai police force are expected to "learn by doing" in this intense environment. Currently, they use no alternative to the real world in order to practice. This paper argues for the use of an alternative…

Binsubaih, Ahmed; Maddock, Steve; Romano, Daniela

2006-01-01

444

A serious game for traffic accident investigators  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Dubai, traffic accidents kill one person every 37 hours and injure one person every 3 hours. Novice traffic accident investigators in the Dubai police force are expected to ‘learn by doing’ in this intense environment. Currently, they use no alternative to the real world in order to practice. This paper argues for the use of an alternative learning environment,

Ahmed Binsubaih; Steve Maddock; Daniela Romano

2006-01-01

445

Commuting road traffic accidents in Croatia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to investigate risk factors associated with commuting road traffic accidents (RTA) in Croatia. A total of 1138 persons hospitalised for various accidents were surveyed in this cross-sectional study. Data were collected from 23 hospitals from all parts of Croatia during March–May 2008. The questionnaire encompassed personal data, socioeconomic status, lifestyle determinants and health status

I Kolcic; A V Jovic; U Rodin; I Brkic Bilos; N Antoljak; O Polasek

2010-01-01

446

Aircraft accidents.method of analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report is a revision of NACA-TR-357. It was prepared by the Committee on Aircraft Accidents. The purpose of this report is to provide a basis for the classification and comparison of aircraft accidents, both civil and military.

1937-01-01

447

The economics of nuclear accident law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statutes restrict the application of common tort law to accidents at nuclear power plants in Canada, the U.S., and other countries. The statutes transfer to the operator of a nuclear plant liability that would otherwise be placed on input suppliers and in return limit the liability of the operator. This essay addresses the impact on safety incentives of nuclear accident

Michael Trebilcock; Ralph A. Winter

1997-01-01

448

An Investigation of the Therac-25 Accidents  

E-print Network

for life-critical systems comes from small firms, especially in the medical device industry; firms that fit in accidents. Some of the most widely cited software-related accidents in safety-critical systems involved. As Frank Houston of the US Food and Drug Admin- istration (FDA) said, "A significant amount of software

Yang, Junfeng

449

Normal Accident at Three Mile Island.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses some aspects of the accident at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant. Explains a number of factors involved including the type of accident, warnings, design and equipment failure, operator error, and negative synergy. Presents alternatives to systems with catastrophic potential. (MK)

Perrow, Charles

1981-01-01

450

Diffuse Neck Swelling after Car Accident  

Microsoft Academic Search

The neck connects the head with the trunk, and is easily injuried due to trauma. Herein we reported a case with diffuse neck swelling after car accident. She suffered from progressive dyspnea and cyanosis 3 hours after the accident and needed airway main- tenance with tracheostomy. A plain lateral radi- ograph and computed tomography scan of the neck showed diffuse

HUAN-WU CHEN; SHENG-CHAU HUANG; HUAN-WEN CHEN; KOU-MOU HUANG

2005-01-01

451

Risk Advisor for Car Accidents Javier Larrosa  

E-print Network

Risk Advisor for Car Accidents Javier Larrosa LSI­UPC 1 Description of the Problem The purpose of this project is to design a Bayesian Network modeling the risk of having a car accident, when planing a trip. -- Distance of the trip. -- Road conditions. -- Weather -- Car age -- Car equipment -- Car type -- Driver

Larrosa, Javier

452

Occupational Therapy and Older Drivers: Research, Education, and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Occupational therapists facilitate independence and support participation in occupations that are personally meaningful to clients to enhance well-being and quality of life. Among the occupations addressed by occupational therapists is the instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) of driving. Occupational therapists are particularly concerned…

Stav, Wendy B.

2008-01-01

453

TRAVEL ACCIDENT INSURANCE PLAN 01-01-2012 The Travel Accident Insurance Plan provides 24-hour Accident coverage while on Authorized  

E-print Network

1 TRAVEL ACCIDENT INSURANCE PLAN 01-01-2012 The Travel Accident Insurance Plan provides 24-hour. Please note that the Employer reserves the right to amend or terminate this Travel Accident Insurance Plan at any time and for any reason. WHO IS ELIGIBLE FOR THE TRAVEL ACCIDENT INSURANCE PLAN? Active

Johnson, Peter D.

454

The Fukushima Daiichi Accident Study Information Portal  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a description of The Fukushima Daiichi Accident Study Information Portal. The Information Portal was created by the Idaho National Laboratory as part of joint NRC and DOE project to assess the severe accident modeling capability of the MELCOR analysis code. The Fukushima Daiichi Accident Study Information Portal was created to collect, store, retrieve and validate information and data for use in reconstructing the Fukushima Daiichi accident. In addition to supporting the MELCOR simulations, the Portal will be the main DOE repository for all data, studies and reports related to the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station. The data is stored in a secured (password protected and encrypted) repository that is searchable and accessible to researchers at diverse locations.

Shawn St. Germain; Curtis Smith; David Schwieder; Cherie Phelan

2012-11-01

455

[Thromboembolic accident after mitral valve replacement].  

PubMed

Between January 1981 and December 2000, we report 112 cases of mitral valvular replacement with bileaflet prothesis. Saint Jude prosthesis was implanted in 71% of cases. With a mean follow-up of 110 months we report a thromboembolic accident in 7 cases (6.2%). The linear rate of thromboembolic accident is 0.69% A/P. This complication was concerned 5 women and 5 men. The mean age is 54 years (43-65 years). An embolic accident without prosthesis thrombosis is noted in 6 cases. We report only one case of prosthesis occlusive thrombosis with urgent chirurgical intervention. Par rapport au RVM, l'ATE est survenue dans uns délai moyen de 129 months (86-168 months). Left atrium size, embolic antecedent, and bad anticoagulation are the predicted factors of thromboembolic accidents in our study. Patient age and sex, atrial fibrillation, type of bileaflet prosthesis don't influence the occurrence of thromboembolic accident. PMID:15382464

Drissa, Habiba; Ben Salah, Faten; Ben Romdhane, Seddika; Zaouali, Romdhane Mohsen

2004-03-01

456

Images of occupations: Components of gender and status in occupational stereotypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multidimensional approach to occupational gender type was explored. In Study 1, participants' spontaneous images of various jobs were elicited. The attributes generated were used to develop a job images questionnaire employed in Study 2 on which participants rated a random sample of 100 occupational titles. Occupational images were primarily structured on two orthogonal dimensions: prestige and gender type. The

Peter Glick; Korin Wilk; Michele Perreault

1995-01-01

457

Commercial SNF Accident Release Fractions  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this analysis is to specify and document the total and respirable fractions for radioactive materials that could be potentially released from an accident at the repository involving commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) in a dry environment. The total and respirable release fractions are used to support the preclosure licensing basis for the repository. The total release fraction is defined as the fraction of total commercial SNF assembly inventory, typically expressed as an activity inventory (e.g., curies), of a given radionuclide that is released to the environment from a waste form. Radionuclides are released from the inside of breached fuel rods (or pins) and from the detachment of radioactive material (crud) from the outside surfaces of fuel rods and other components of fuel assemblies. The total release fraction accounts for several mechanisms that tend to retain, retard, or diminish the amount of radionuclides that are available for transport to dose receptors or otherwise can be shown to reduce exposure of receptors to radiological releases. The total release fraction includes a fraction of airborne material that is respirable and could result in inhalation doses; this subset of the total release fraction is referred to as the respirable release fraction. Accidents may involve waste forms characterized as: (1) bare unconfined intact fuel assemblies, (2) confined intact fuel assemblies, or (3) canistered failed commercial SNF. Confined intact commercial SNF assemblies at the repository are contained in shipping casks, canisters, or waste packages. Four categories of failed commercial SNF are identified: (1) mechanically and cladding-penetration damaged commercial SNF, (2) consolidated/reconstituted assemblies, (3) fuel rods, pieces, and debris, and (4) nonfuel components. It is assumed that failed commercial SNF is placed into waste packages with a mesh screen at each end (CRWMS M&O 1999). In contrast to bare unconfined fuel assemblies, the container that confines the fuel assemblies could provide an additional barrier for diminishing the total release fraction should the fuel rod cladding breach during an accident. This analysis, however, does not take credit for the additional barrier and establishes only the total release fractions for bare unconfined intact commercial SNF assemblies, which may be conservatively applied to confined intact commercial I SNF assemblies.

J. Schulz

2004-11-05

458

The 1986 residential occupant survey  

SciTech Connect

In 1986, Pacific Northwest Laboratory developed the Residential Occupant Survey-Spring '86, which was implemented. The overall purpose of the study was to collect demographic, attitudinal, and behavioral data related to the use and conservation of electricity in dwellings participating in the Bonneville Power Administration's End-Use Load and Conservation Assessment Program (ELCAP). Information was collected on the respondents' perceptions of the energy efficiency of their dwelling, temperature the dwelling was kept when people were at home and awake during the last heating season, which rooms, if any, were not heated during the last heating season, number of times the dwelling was unoccupied for at least one week, number of times pets were let out of the dwelling per day, attitudes toward energy use and conservation and several socio-demographic variables such as age, sex, and total household income. The results of the data analyses showed age to be an important factor for reported indoor temperature and perceived energy efficiency of the dwelling. The results also showed that almost 60% of the ELCAP occupants do not heat one or more rooms during the heating season, and almost 45% of the ELCAP dwellings were unoccupied for at least one week during the reporting period. In terms of the reported allocation of household income for household energy expenses, the results showed that the reported dollar amount spent for the expenses remained relatively constant over income levels.

Ivey, D.L.; Alley, P.K.

1987-04-01

459

Post-accident radiation monitors  

SciTech Connect

Under contract to the Nuclear Safety Analysis Center of the Electric Power Research Institute, technical information and specifications were obtained for commercially available radiological monitoring instrumentation designed for use as post-accident monitors. The information was collated and published in the NSAC Handbook of Postaccident Instrumentation (Kathren and Laughlin 1981), and included such data as range, accuracy, precision, sensitivity, and energy dependence of the detector, environmental and seismic limitations of the equipment, the testing program performed to evaluate the equipment, a list of references where the instrumentation is currently installed, and a list of features and accessories available with the monitoring systems. The information presented in this section reveals that, even though a number of vendors claim to be able to meet the guidance of Regulatory Guide 1.97 (USNRC 1980), few have actually conducted tests to verify that their equipment does indeed satisfy the guidance of this Regulatory Guide, and that some of the guidance may in fact be unrealistic.

Laughlin, G.J.; Kathren, R.L.

1982-01-01

460

[Iodine prophylaxis following nuclear accidents].  

PubMed

Radioactive iodine isotopes may be released to air to a varying degree during accidents with nuclear reactors. Iodine tablets, taken before or shortly after such release, protect against intake of radioactive iodine isotopes, but not against other radionuclides. Iodine prophylaxis can be a relevant countermeasure in Norway and will be implemented according to recommendations from the Crisis Committee for Nuclear and Radiological Emergencies. The Chernobyl accident confirmed that the risk for radiogenic thyroid cancer is much higher for foetuses and children and adolescents under 18 years. An epidemiological study showed that intake of iodine tablets could reduce the risk for thyroid cancer by a factor of three. For children, the WHO has therefore recommended a 10 mGy avertable dose to the thyroid. The Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority acknowledge the WHO guidelines and advise that the first priority of all emergency preparedness planning for potential releases that can cause dispersion of radioactive iodine, should be given to the protection of pregnant and breast-feeding women, newborns and children under 18 years. Iodine tablets should be taken immediately (preferably not later than a few hours) in situations where inhalation of radioactive iodine may occur. It should be underlined that iodine prophylaxis is one of several emergency countermeasures; other measures are sheltering and evacuation. The latter two countermeasures will protect not only from intake of radioactive iodine, but also against other radionuclides that may be released. Based on the present risk assessment in Norway, iodine tablets have been distributed to the counties north of Salten. In addition, there is an emergency stockpile of iodine tablets in Oslo. PMID:17205086

Jaworska, Alicja

2007-01-01

461

UNIVERSITY HEALTH CENTER UGA OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY HEALTH CENTER UGA OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH APPROVAL FOR PHYSICAL EXAMS, EYE EXAMS, LAB WORK No Faculty/Staff: Yes No UGA Employment: Full-Time Part-Time New to Occupational Health Program? Yes No E: Release of Information: I authorize the University Health Center ("UHC") at The University of Georgia

Arnold, Jonathan

462

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Swine Production Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 52 Occupational Skill Standards for the swine production occupational cluster, as required for the state of Illinois. Skill Standards, which were developed by committees that included educators, business, industry, and labor, are intended to promote education and training investment and ensure that students and workers are…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

463

Public Service Occupations: Grade 8. Cluster I  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum guide for grade 8, the document is devoted to the occupational cluster "Public Service Occupations." It is divided into six units: education, public utilities, community social and health services, law enforcement agencies, fire departments, and the postal system. Each unit is introduced by a statement of the topic, the unit's…

Calhoun, Olivia H.

464

Environmental Management. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

465

An Analysis of the Industrial Mechanics Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the industrial mechanics occupation. A review of the contents will provide a guide for designing and organizing a curriculum for teaching skills and knowledge essential to an industrial mechanic. The…

Hall, Eugene J.; Turner, Raymond C.

466

An Analysis of the Catering Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the catering occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Nine duties are broken down into a number of tasks…

Comisar, David A.; Earnhart, Marian L.

467

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Beach Occupancy, 2007  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Beach Occupancy, 2007 Environment Report RL 02/08 Customer: Sellafield Beach Occupancy, 2007 Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science Lowestoft Laboratory to Seamill 12 4.2.1 Beach description 12 4.2.2 Activities 13 4.3 Seamill Lane to Coulderton and Nethertown 15

468

Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach occupancy,  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach occupancy, 2009 2010 Cefas contract report C3635 Environment Report RL 01/10 #12;1 Environment Report RL 01/10 Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach. Survey area 9 Map 1 The Cumbrian coast beach occupancy survey area 10 3.1 General observations 11 3

469

Preventing occupational stress in healthcare workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Healthcare workers can suffer from occupational stress which may lead to serious mental and physical health problems. Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of work and person-directed interventions in preventing stress at work in healthcare workers. Search strategy We searched the Cochrane Depression Anxiety and Neurosis Group trials Specialised Register, MEDLINE, PsychInfo and Cochrane Occupational Health Field database. Selection criteria

A. Marine; J. Ruotsalainen; C. Serra; J. H. A. M. Verbeek

2006-01-01

470

Curriculum Guide for Electrical Occupations (First Edition).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide on electrical occupations is designed to provide eleventh and twelfth grade teachers with the educational specifications for specific knowledge and skills that will qualify students for entry-level employment in five electrical occupational areas: inside electrician, outside electrician, electronics assembler, electrical…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem. Career and Vocational Education Section.

471

Occupational asthma: natural history, evaluation and management  

SciTech Connect

A variety of occupational circumstances are capable of inducing asthma by specific exposure to airborne dusts, gases, vapors and fumes. The authors review the clinical history of the disease, including detection of exposures and diagnostic tests. The natural history of occupational asthma, its management and finally its prevention are then discussed.

Lam, S.; Chan-Yeung, M.

1987-04-01

472

Secondary Students' Views on Occupational Sex Stereotyping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of Indiana high school students sought to identify the extent of nontraditional occupational selection, awareness by the students of sex stereotyping influences, and their strategies for the promotion of educational equity. Results indicated that almost all students (80%) planned to enter occupations traditional for their sex. More females…

Richards, Diane S.

473

Joint Occupancy: Profiles of Significant Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of schools that pay for themselves by sharing facilities with other occupants is known variously as joint occupancy or mixed or multiple use of land and buildings. A financial saving is the obvious advantage of combining schools with housing, commercial space (retail or office), or community services and offices. In addition, joint…

Clinchy, Evans

474

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Housekeeping Management Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 44 occupational skill standards for the housekeeping management occupational cluster, as required for the state of Illinois. Skill standards, which were developed by committees that included educators and representatives from business, industry, and labor, are intended to promote education and training investment and ensure…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

475

Occupational Health of Working Women in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a review of occupational health of working women in China over the past 37 years. Only four papers in connection with the subject of occupational health for working women published before liberation could be found, in which only 543 female workers were surveyed. Since liberation, 317 papers on the subject have been published, Involving 934, 177 female

YL Wang; XH Zhao

1987-01-01

476

An Analysis of the Residential Electricity Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the residential electricity occupation. It does not cover the complete work of a master electrician, only the basic skills needed to do residential wiring. The document opens with a brief introduction…

Dearth, Charles E.; Nordvig, Carl A.

477

An Analysis of the Auto Mechanic Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the auto mechanic occupation. It identifies the broad area of skills and knowledge necessary to perform various tasks involved in diagnosis, maintenance, and repair of automotive systems. Selected…

Conner, Michael; Thoman, LeRoy

478

An Analysis of the Welding Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the welding occupation, It includes the basic manipulative skills and technical information in the following four areas: oxy/acetylene, electric arc, tungsten inert-gas arc, and metallic inert-arc welding.…

Pucci, Alex L; Reichel, George F.

479

An Analysis of the Alteration Specialist Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the textile service occupation. The industry needs properly trained alteration specialists, bushelmen and dressmakers, in the repairing, remodeling, altering or renovating of garments. Their personal…

Buerkel, Elaine; Rehling, Joseph H.

480

Recreation Vehicle Mechanic. Occupational Analyses Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis covers tasks performed by a recreation vehicle mechanic, an occupational title some provinces and territories of Canada have also identified as recreation vehicle technician and recreation vehicle service technician. A guide to analysis discusses development, structure, and validation method; scope of the occupation; trends; and…

Dean, Ann; Embree, Rick

481

VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE IN TRANSITION FOR OCCUPATIONAL EDUCATION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A GRADUATE CLASS OF VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE TEACHERS PREPARED THIS PUBLICATION DEALING WITH NEEDED CURRICULUM CHANGES IN VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE, PARTICULARLY IN THE SMALL HIGH SCHOOL OF 100 TO 300 STUDENTS. PART I, ON OCCUPATIONAL EDUCATION FOR BOTH FARMING AND OFF-FARM AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS, COVERS OBJECTIVES, CAREERS, EMPHASIS, CURRICULUM…

1966

482

Industrial Instrument Mechanic. Occupational Analyses Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis covers tasks performed by an industrial instrument mechanic, an occupational title some provinces and territories of Canada have also identified as industrial instrumentation and instrument mechanic. A guide to analysis discusses development, structure, and validation method; scope of the occupation; trends; and safety. To facilitate…

Dean, Ann; Zagorac, Mike; Bumbaka, Nick

483

An Analysis of the Plumbing Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The occupational analysis contains a brief job description, presenting for the occupation of plumbing 12 detailed task statements which specify job duties (tools, equipment, materials, objects acted upon, performance knowledge, safety considerations/hazards, decisions, cues, and errors) and learning skills (science, mathematics/number systems, and…

Carlton, Earnest L.; Hollar, Charles E.

484

Occupational Therapy in School-Based Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past ten years, concerns have been voiced about the preservice preparation of occupational therapy (OT) practitioners to work in schools and early childhood programs. States and local districts have long complained of shortages of occupational therapists (OTs) in these settings. In addition, the "Twenty-Second Annual Report to Congress on…

Swinth, Yvonne; Chandler, Barbara; Hanft, Barbara; Jackson, Leslie; Shepherd, Jayne

2004-01-01

485

Intergenerational Wellness Programming in Occupational Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an intergenerational service-learning project, occupational therapy interns provided wellness interventions for older adults residing in a community house. Occupational performance measures improved for six of eight clients. Students increased knowledge of wellness planning and programming. The program was consistent with the house's mission of…

Pearlman, Victoria; Wallingford, Minetta S.

2003-01-01

486

Involvement of Occupational Therapy Departments in Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In nearly half of 107 occupational therapy departments in Quebec, occupational therapists participated in research, especially in university hospitals and rehabilitation centers. Most played the role of collaborator, paid evaluator, or research assistant. Research participation was facilitated by time allocation, administrative support, financial…

Majnemer, Annette; Desrosiers, Johanne; Gauthier, Jacques; Dutil, Elisabeth; Robichaud, Line; Rousseau, Jacqueline; Hebert, Lucie

2001-01-01

487

An Interview with an Occupational Therapist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sharon Crane is a pediatric occupational therapist with over 20 years of experience working with children and families. "Zero to Three" interviews her to discuss how occupational therapy may move beyond a strictly therapeutic orientation toward services that address wellness and prevention. Crane has created programs for parents and…

Crane, Sharon

2005-01-01

488

Mathematics Used in Occupations: An Interrelated Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by counselors and mathematics teachers, this guide brings together mathematical and occupational skills to form an interrelated curriculum. Eight occupational clusters are included as follow: (1) business and office, (2) communications, (3) construction, (4) hospitality, (5) manufacturing, (6) marketing and distribution, (7)…

Minneapolis Public Schools, Minn. Dept. of Vocational Technical Education.

489

An Analysis of the Laboratory Assisting Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the laboratory assistant occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Eleven duties are broken down into a…

McGee, Patricia; And Others

490

Occupational Therapy Assistants Program. Demonstration Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between November 1964 and June 1967, 85 women and five men completed a 4-month course held in several Wisconsin locations to prepare them as Certified Occupational Therapy Assistants to (1) plan and direct a general activity or supportive program of occupational therapy, (2) train individual patients in independent performance of activities of…

Wisconsin State Board of Health, Madison.

491

Health through Occupation: Beyond the Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing body of scientific knowledge that links health and occupation is gaining in status within the field of science and is increasingly being picked up by policy makers and politicians alike. However, scientific evidence is a relatively new kid on the block in terms of human knowledge. To explore the links between health and occupation more fully we must

Annie Turner

2007-01-01

492

Occupational Therapy for Patients with Eating Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of the occupational therapist and activity therapy programs for patients with eating disorders is described. Evaluation methods are outlined with specific comments related to their implications for patients with diagnoses of anorexia nervosa and bulimia. Rationale for referral to specific activity therapy services is discussed. Group protocols are included. Two case studies demonstrate the utilization of occupational therapy

Mary K. Bailey

1986-01-01

493

Architecture & Design Arts Occupations, 1940-1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from federal government records and professional membership organizations, this study examines trends in demographics, education, employment, and earnings of architects and individuals in design arts occupations between 1940-1990. Findings indicate that: (1) participation in architecture and design occupations has increased slightly as…

Chartrand, Harry Hillman

494

The Occupation of Growing, a Research Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

SSO: USA and the Environmental Design Research Association (EDRA) are two small research organizations that share similar histories, having grown out of the need to investigate the relationship of daily occupations\\/ human behavior, health and well-being, and theories grounded in the interaction between person, environment, and occupation\\/behavior. However, while EDRA formally began its life almost 35 years prior to SSO,

Lisa Ann Fagan; Jon A. Sanford

2004-01-01

495

Smart Automotive Airbags: Occupant Classification and Tracking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of airbags into automobiles has significantly improved the safety of the occupants. Unfortunately, airbags can also cause fatal injuries if the occupant is a child smaller (in weight) than a typical six-year-old. Between 1986 and 2001, 19 infants and 85 children were killed by airbags during relatively minor vehicle collisions. In addition to these infant and child deaths,

Michael E. Farmer; Anil K. Jain

2007-01-01

496

Agriculture Products Processing. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

497

Health Occupations: Clinical Rotations and Learning Packets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A one-year introductory course covering twelve different health occupations is presented in this curriculum guide designed for use at the secondary education level. Following a list of course objectives and suggested time allotments for each unit, the health occupations course outline is provided. Unit titles are the following: orientation and…

Perrine, Patricia

498

Occupational Mobility of Low Income Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation is primarily concerned with assessing the impact of changes in the aggregate labor supply-demand balance on the upward occupational mobility of lower income workers. The empirical analysis indicates that the size of inter-occupational flows is cyclically sensitive, given relative wages. As the labor market tightens, the…

Slifman, Lawrence

499

Dental Assistant. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

500

Health Occupations Cluster. Secondary Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide was designed for use in secondary health occupations education programs in Georgia. It provides a model for organizing vocational instructional content in health occupations, such as nurse, dental assistant, medical lab technician, radiologic technician, emergency medical technician, respiratory therapy assistant, medical…

Simpson, Bruce; And Others