These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Occupational Mental Health, Labor Accidents and Occupational Diseases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses the relationship between mental health and labor accidents as it pertains to accident prevention, treatment of accident victims, and their rehabilitation. It also comments briefly on mental health and occupational diseases and the scope of the field of occupational mental health from a Chilean perspective. (AG)

Naveillan, F. Pedro

1973-01-01

2

Occupational accidents among elderly farmers in Sweden.  

PubMed

The workforce in many countries nowadays is becoming older due to demographic change. Compared with many other occupations, farmers often work until a higher age. This study analysed occupational accidents to farmers in Sweden from an age perspective using data on 223 work injuries on farms and 990 road accidents involving tractors. The results showed that older farmers were not significantly more often injured than younger farmers, but appeared to suffer more hits and kicks from animals and were involved in more vehicle accidents than younger farmers. Older tractor drivers were more often involved in road turning accidents and in overtaking accidents involving private cars. Older farmers also sustained more skeletal injuries and took longer to heal after an accident. PMID:22317544

Nilsson, Kerstin; Pinzke, Stefan

2012-01-01

3

Sleep apnea and occupational accidents: Are oral appliances the solution?  

PubMed Central

Background: Dental practitioners have a key role in the quality of life and prevention of occupational accidents of workers with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). Aim: The aim of this study was to review the impact of OSAS, the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy, and the evidence regarding the use of oral appliances (OA) on the health and safety of workers. Materials and Methods: Searches were conducted in MEDLINE (PubMed), Lilacs and Sci ELO. Articles published from January 1980 to June 2014 were included. Results: The research retrieved 2188 articles and 99 met the inclusion criteria. An increase in occupational accidents due to reduced vigilance and attention in snorers and patients with OSAS was observed. Such involvements were related to excessive daytime sleepiness and neurocognitive function impairments. The use of OA are less effective when compared with CPAP, but the results related to excessive sleepiness and cognitive performance showed improvements similar to CPAP. Treatments with OA showed greater patient compliance than the CPAP therapy. Conclusion: OSAS is a prevalent disorder among workers, leads to increased risk of occupational accidents, and has a significant impact on the economy. The CPAP therapy reduces the risk of occupational accidents. The OA can improve the work performance; but there is no scientific evidence associating its use with occupational accidents reduction. Future research should focus on determining the cost-effectiveness of OA as well as its influence and efficacy in preventing occupational accidents.

Rabelo Guimarães, Maria De Lourdes; Hermont, Ana Paula

2014-01-01

4

Eyewitness Testimony in Occupational Accident Investigations: Towards a Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accident investigation is frequently cited as the cornerstone of an effective occupational health and safety program. We suggest that the literature on accident investigation is based on a model of witnesses as neutral and accurate recording devices. The literature on eyewitness testimony and criminal investigation offers strikingly different conclusions. We review these findings and point to their implication for research

E. Kevin Kelloway; Veronica Stinson; Carla MacLean

2004-01-01

5

Occupational accidents in Russia and the Russian Arctic  

PubMed Central

Background According to official statistics, the rate of occupational accidents (OAs) and fatal injuries in Russia decreased about 5-fold and 2-fold, respectively, from 1975 to 2010, but working conditions during this period had the opposite trend; for example, the number of people who work in unfavourable and hazardous conditions (particularly since 1991) has increased significantly. Methods This review summarises the results of a search of the relevant peer-reviewed literature published in Russia and official statistics on OAs and occupational safety in Russia and the Russian Arctic in 1980–2010. Results The occupational safety system in Russia has severely deteriorated in the last 2 decades, with legislators tending to promote the interests of industry and business, resulting in the neglect of occupational safety and violation of workers’ rights. The majority of workers are employed in conditions that do not meet rules of safety and hygiene. More than 60% of OAs can be attributed to management practices – violation of safety regulations, poor organisation of work, deficiency of certified occupational safety specialists and inadequate personnel training. Research aimed at improving occupational safety and health is underfunded. There is evidence of widespread under-reporting of OAs, including fatal accidents. Three federal agencies are responsible for OAs recording; their data differ from each other as they use different methodologies. The rate of fatal OAs in Russia was 3–6 times higher than in Scandinavian countries and about 2 times higher compared to United States and Canada in 2001. In some Russian Arctic regions OAs levels are much higher. Conclusions Urgent improvement of occupational health and safety across Russia, especially in the Arctic regions, is needed. PMID:23519652

Dudarev, Alexey A.; Karnachev, Igor P.; Odland, Jon Øyvind

2013-01-01

6

Epidemiology of Occupational Accidents in Iran Based on Social Security Organization Database  

PubMed Central

Background: Background: Today, occupational accidents are one of the most important problems in industrial world. Due to lack of appropriate system for registration and reporting, there is no accurate statistics of occupational accidents all over the world especially in developing countries. Objectives: The aim of this study is epidemiological assessment of occupational accidents in Iran. Materials and Methods: Information of available occupational accidents in Social Security Organization was extracted from accident reporting and registration forms. In this cross-sectional study, gender, age, economic activity, type of accident and injured body part in 22158 registered accidents during 2008 were described. Results: The occupational accidents rate was 253 in 100,000 workers in 2008. 98.2% of injured workers were men. The mean age of injured workers was 32.07 ± 9.12 years. The highest percentage belonged to age group of 25-34 years old. In our study, most of the accidents occurred in basic metals industry, electrical and non-electrical machines and construction industry. Falling down from height and crush injury were the most prevalent accidents. Upper and lower extremities were the most common injured body parts. Conclusion: Due to the high rate of accidents in metal and construction industries, engineering controls, the use of appropriate protective equipment and safety worker training seems necessary. PMID:24719699

Mehrdad, Ramin; Seifmanesh, Shahdokht; Chavoshi, Farzaneh; Aminian, Omid; Izadi, Nazanin

2014-01-01

7

Organizational factors related to occupational accidents in construction.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to understand the influence of organizational factors on occupational accident causation. A field study was undertaken and focused on the phase of concreting the floors of a residential block in a building project in Brazil. The methodological approach was based on the analysis of carpenters' work practices and of the workers' accounts of minor falls. Observations were noted on work practices over this stage. Furthermore, interviews were conducted with the workers hired by the subcontractors and with professionals working for the main contractor. The results show that falls were related to the introduction of new building technology and its use by the workforce. The production planning and organization of activities by the subcontracted firms also led to temporary demands that were additional determining factors for falls on site. The work analysis reveals the need to consider organizational factors in prevention practices. PMID:22317355

Filho, J M Jackson; Fonseca, E D; Lima, F P A; Duarte, F J C M

2012-01-01

8

Accident patterns and prevention measures for fatal occupational falls in the construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contributing factors to 621 occupational fatal falls have been identified with respect to the victim's individual factors, the fall site, company size, and cause of fall. Individual factors included age, gender, experience, and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE). Accident scenarios were derived from accident reports. Significant linkages were found between causes for the falls and accident events. Falls

Chia-Fen Chi; Tin-Chang Chang; Hsin-I Ting

2005-01-01

9

[Preliminary results of studies on the incidence, causes and effects of occupational accidents in the Be?chatów Industrial Region. III. Health effects of occupational accidents].  

PubMed

Health effects of accidents at work at the Be?chatów Industrial District have been investigated. Most injuries due to accidents have been bruises, wounds and bone fractures of upper and lower limbs. Much less frequent, as compared to other industrial plants, are injuries of head, chest and abdomen. The causes of those injuries have been discussed. In addition, the activities of occupational health services have been analysed. PMID:3574125

Adamczyk, Z; Bilski, D; Ciesielski, L; Gryszkiewicz, M; Korzycki, J; Markert, R; Modzelewski, B; Plewi?ski, J; Sereczy?ska-Wo?niak, T; Staniaszczyk, M

1986-01-01

10

[Preliminary results of studies of the incidence, causes and effects of occupational accidents in the Be?chatow Industrial District. I. Direct causes of occupational accidents].  

PubMed

The work has been aimed at an analysis of accidents at work occurring throughout 1981-1982 at the Be?chatów Industrial District. The most common causes of accidents at work have been direct factors resulting mainly from workers' inadvertence or recklessness, improper performance of occupational tasks, lack of appropriate tools, and settlement of private affairs at work. The incidence of accidents at work might be reduced by compliance with safety-and-hygiene-of-work rules, better supervision, work organization and efficient working tools. PMID:3747830

Adamczyk, Z; Bilski, D; Ciesielski, L; Gryszkiewicz, M; Korzycki, J; Markert, R; Modzelewski, B; Plewi?ski, J; Szerszy?ska-Wo?niak, T; Staniaszczyk, M

1986-01-01

11

Individual characteristics in occupational accidents due to imbalance: a case-control study of the employees of a railway company  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Falls are frequent occupational accidents, and are responsible for a significant amount of lost working time and, more importantly, for a high mortality. The factors involved in falling mechanisms can be of external or individual origin, the latter being less well identified.Aims: To assess the relations between certain individual characteristics and occupational accidents due to imbalance.Methods: A total of

G C Gauchard; N Chau; C Touron; L Benamghar; D Dehaene; PhP Perrin; J-M Mur

2003-01-01

12

Analysing factors related to slipping, stumbling, and falling accidents at work: Application of data mining methods to Finnish occupational accidents and diseases statistics database.  

PubMed

The utilisation of data mining methods has become common in many fields. In occupational accident analysis, however, these methods are still rarely exploited. This study applies methods of data mining (decision tree and association rules) to the Finnish national occupational accidents and diseases statistics database to analyse factors related to slipping, stumbling, and falling (SSF) accidents at work from 2006 to 2007. SSF accidents at work constitute a large proportion (22%) of all accidents at work in Finland. In addition, they are more likely to result in longer periods of incapacity for work than other workplace accidents. The most important factor influencing whether or not an accident at work is related to SSF is the specific physical activity of movement. In addition, the risk of SSF accidents at work seems to depend on the occupation and the age of the worker. The results were in line with previous research. Hence the application of data mining methods was considered successful. The results did not reveal anything unexpected though. Nevertheless, because of the capability to illustrate a large dataset and relationships between variables easily, data mining methods were seen as a useful supplementary method in analysing occupational accident data. PMID:22877702

Nenonen, Noora

2013-03-01

13

Risk Perception and Occupational Accidents: A Study of Gas Station Workers in Southern Brazil  

PubMed Central

The present study aimed to identify the perceptions of gas station workers about physical, chemical, biological and physiological risk factors to which they are exposed in their work environment; identify types of occupational accidents involving gas station workers and; report the development of a socioenvironmental intervention as a tool for risk communication to gas station workers. A quantitative study was performed with 221 gas station workers in southern Brazil between October and December 2010. Data collection was performed between October to December 2010 via structured interviews. The data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0. The participants identified the following risk types: chemical (93.7%), physical (88.2%), physiological (64.3%) and biological (62.4%). In this sample, 94.1% of gas station workers reported occupational accidents, and 74.2% reported fuel contact with the eyes (p < 0.05). It is concluded that workers perceive risks, and that they tend to relate risks with the occurrence of occupational accidents as an indicator of the dangerous nature of their work environment. PMID:22851948

Cezar-Vaz, Marta Regina; Rocha, Laurelize Pereira; Bonow, Clarice Alves; da Silva, Mara Regina Santos; Vaz, Joana Cezar; Cardoso, Letícia Silveira

2012-01-01

14

Risk Communication as a Tool for Training Apprentice Welders: A Study about Risk Perception and Occupational Accidents  

PubMed Central

The present study has aimed to identify the perceptions of apprentice welders about physical, chemical, biological, and physiological risk factors to which they are exposed; identify types of occupational accidents involving apprentice welders; and report the development of a socioenvironmental education intervention as a tool for risk communication for apprentice welders. A quantitative study was performed with 161 apprentice welders in Southern Brazil in 2011. Data collection was performed via structured interviews with the apprentice welders about risk perception, occupational accidents, and time experienced in welding. The data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0. The participants identified the following risk types: physical (96.9%), chemical (95%), physiological (86.3%), and biological (51.5%). In this sample, 39.7% of apprentice welders reported occupational accidents and 27.3% reported burning. The inferential analysis showed that the frequency of risk perception factors increases with the length of experience, and apprentice welders who have experienced accidents during welding activity perceive a higher amount of risk factors than those who have never experienced them. It is concluded that apprentice welders perceive risks and that they tend to relate risks with the occurrence of occupational accidents as an indicator of the dangerous nature of their activity. PMID:23326211

Cezar-Vaz, Marta Regina; Bonow, Clarice Alves; Rocha, Laurelize Pereira; de Almeida, Marlise Capa Verde; Severo, Luana de Oliveira; Borges, Anelise Miritz; Vaz, Joana Cezar; Turik, Claudia

2012-01-01

15

Technological development and occupational accidents as a conditional relationship: A study of over eighty years in the Swedish Mining industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper analyzes the relationship between technological development and occupational accidents in the Swedish mining industry from 1911 to 1990. Technological development is divided into three technological stages: handicraft, mechanization, and automation. Some contextual factors related to industrial relations and legislation are also investigated regarding the direction and magnitude of this relationship. It was observed that two types of variables

Vera L. G. Blank; Finn Diderichsen; Ragnar Andersson

1996-01-01

16

An overview of occupational accidents notification systems within the enlarged EU.  

PubMed

This paper describes a comparative analysis of the official forms used for reporting occupational accidents within the EU-27 member states. The comparison is based on two analysis grids (coding schedule) created to that effect, which incorporate a set of evaluation criteria and an interpretation key. The results obtained in the analysis allowed for attention to be drawn to the relevant attributes of such forms in terms of their content and format/structure. It also revealed the main similarities and differences between each country, providing a complete assessment of the 27 member states. The discussion gives account of the level of implementation of the "new" Eurostat variables within the European Statistics of Accidents at Work (ESAW). Furthermore, the study shows that certain formats (structure of information fields) appear to facilitate completeness of the information collected. It has also demonstrated that the European harmonisation process is still far from completion, although the newcomer states seem to be adjusting quickly to the process. The findings of this study may bring useful insights to national authorities and European policy-makers, or to employers/enterprises wishing to implement their internal procedures aligned with the ESAW methodology. The scientific community is another interest group, whose research relies on official statistics, preferably comparable across all countries. PMID:21811027

Jacinto, Celeste; Soares, C Guedes; Fialho, Tiago; Antão, Pedro; Silva, Sílvia A

2011-01-01

17

Vertebral fractures in motor vehicle accidents - a medical and technical analysis of 33,015 injured front-seat occupants.  

PubMed

Spinal injuries pose a considerable risk to life and quality of life. In spite of improvements in active and passive safety of motor vehicles, car accidents are regarded as a major cause for vertebral fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current incidence of vertebral fractures among front-seat occupants in motor vehicle accidents, and to identify specific risk factors for sustaining vertebral fractures in motor vehicle accidents. Data from an accident research unit were accessed to collect collision details, preclinical data, and clinical data. We included all data on front-seat occupants. Hospital records were retrieved, and radiological images were evaluated. We analysed 33,015 front-seat occupants involved in motor vehicle accidents over a 24-year period. We identified 126 subjects (0.38%) with cervical spine fractures, 78 (0.24%) with thoracic fractures, and 99 (0.30%) with lumbar fractures. The mean relative collision speeds were 48, 39, and 40 kph in subjects with cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine fractures, respectively, while it was 17.3 kph in the whole cohort. Contrary to the overall cohort, these patients typically sustained multiple hits rather than simple front collisions. Occupants with vertebral fractures frequently showed numerous concomitant injuries; for example, additional vertebral fractures. The incidence of vertebral fractures corresponded with collision speed. Safety belts were highly effective in the prevention of vertebral fractures. Apart from high speed, complex injury mechanisms as multiple collisions or rollovers were associated with vertebral fractures. Additional preventive measures should focus on these collision mechanisms. PMID:24486770

Müller, Christian W; Otte, Dietmar; Decker, Sebastian; Stübig, Timo; Panzica, Martin; Krettek, Christian; Brand, Stephan

2014-05-01

18

[Rehabilitation after occupational accidents in professional dancers: advice with due regard to dance specific aspects].  

PubMed

The highly specialized occupation of professional dancers is a combination of sport and artistic expression. The exertion is only possible with a fully operative body. Although professional dancers may be compared with elite athletes and acute injuries frequently happen, dancers do not seem to be granted an appropriate therapy after accidents as compared with athletes. Although even minor injuries may potentially endanger the career of a professional dancer, physiotherapeutic or physical treatment methods are applied in every tenth case only. Alternative and holistic concepts such as Pilates or dance-specific re-integration that proved successful in professional dancers, are used in even fewer instances. The aim of this study is to develop a rehabilitation concept for professional dancers focusing on dance-medicine aspects. It has been taken into account that the best physical outcomes are reflected in an optimized, holistic, dance-specific therapy and rehabilitation. Intensifying and exploiting dance-specific methods of treatment can not only reduce costs in the end but can even contribute to reducing the duration of rehabilitation after injuries of dancers. Preconditions for realization of the rehabilitative model are a high qualification of all persons working in the rehabilitative field as well as a marked willingness to cooperate in the various dance fields. Both gender-specific and dance-style particularities are to be taken into account to ensure a successful rehabilitation. PMID:21976298

Wanke, E M; Quarcoo, D; Uibel, S; Groneberg, D A

2012-08-01

19

Occupational hazards in hospitals: accidents, radiation, exposure to noxious chemicals, drug addiction and psychic problems, and assault.  

PubMed Central

Except for infectious diseases all the main occupational hazards affecting health workers are reviewed: accidents (explosions, fires, electrical accidents, and other sources of injury); radiation (stochastic and non-stochastic effects, protective measures, and personnel most at risk); exposure to noxious chemicals, whose effects may be either local (allergic eczema) or generalised (cancer, mutations), particular attention being paid to the hazards presented by formol, ethylene oxide, cytostatics, and anaesthetic gases; drug addiction (which is more common among health workers than the general population) and psychic problems associated with promotion, shift work, and emotional stress; and assault (various types of assault suffered by health workers, its causes, and the characterisation of the most aggressive patients). PMID:3307896

Gestal, J J

1987-01-01

20

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO ACCIDENT/INCIDENT/OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE REPORT FOR EMPLOYEES  

E-print Network

INCIDENT-NO INJURY MINOR INJURY-NO TREATMENT FIRST AID HEALTH CARE LOST TIME CRITICAL INJURY MUST BE COMPLETED IN FULL BY EMPLOYEE'S SUPERVISOR SUBMIT WITHIN 24 HOURS TO: HEALTH & WELL OF EQUIPMENT OR MATERIAL INVOLVED. 5. WHERE DID THE ACCIDENT OCCUR? (location, building, room number) 6. WHAT

Kronzucker, Herbert J.

21

41 CFR 102-74.360 - What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of occupant agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Accident and Fire Prevention § 102-74.360 What are the specific accident and fire prevention...

2011-01-01

22

41 CFR 102-74.360 - What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of occupant agencies?  

...2014-01-01 false What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Accident and Fire Prevention § 102-74.360 What are the specific accident and fire prevention...

2014-01-01

23

41 CFR 102-74.360 - What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of occupant agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Accident and Fire Prevention § 102-74.360 What are the specific accident and fire prevention...

2013-07-01

24

41 CFR 102-74.360 - What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of occupant agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Accident and Fire Prevention § 102-74.360 What are the specific accident and fire prevention...

2012-01-01

25

41 CFR 102-74.360 - What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of occupant agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Accident and Fire Prevention § 102-74.360 What are the specific accident and fire prevention...

2010-07-01

26

Descriptive Study of Occupational Accidents and their Causes among Electricity Distribution Company Workers at an Eight-year Period in Iran  

PubMed Central

Background Occupational accidents are unplanned events that cause damage. The socio-economic impacts and human costs of accidents are tremendous around the world. Many fatalities happen every year in workplaces such as electricity distribution companies. Some electrical injuries are electrocution, electric shock, and burns. This study was conducted in an electricity distribution company (with rotational 12-hour shift work) in Iran during an 8-year period to survey descriptive factors of injuries. Methods Variables collected included accident time, age of injured worker, employment type, work experience, injury cause, educational background, and other information about accidents. Results Results indicated that most of the accidents occurred in summer, and 51.3% were during shift work. Worker negligence (malpractice) was the cause of 75% of deaths. Type of employment had a significant relationship with type of injuries (p < 0.05). Most injuries were electrical burns. Conclusion High rate of accidents in summer may be due to the warm weather or insufficient professional skills in seasonal workers. Shift workers are at risk of sleep complaints leading to a high rate of work injuries. Acquiring knowledge about safety was related to job experiences. Temporary workers have no chance to work all year like permanent workers, therefore impressive experiences may be less in them. Because the lack of protective equipment and negligence are main causes of accidents, periodical inspections in workshops are necessary. PMID:24106647

Rahmani, Abdolrasoul; Khadem, Monireh; Madreseh, Elham; Aghaei, Habib-Allah; Raei, Mehdi; Karchani, Mohsen

2013-01-01

27

Sleepiness of Occupational Drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drowsiness and sleeping at the wheel are now identified as the reasons behind fatal crashes and highway accidents caused by occupational drivers. For many years, fatigue has been associated to risk of accidents but the causes of this symptom were unclear. Extensive or nocturnal driving was associated to accidents but few reports differentiated fatigue from sleepiness. In the early nineties,

Pierre PHILIP

2005-01-01

28

Occupational Therapy General Information: What is Occupational Therapy? The occupational therapist is a highly specialized health care  

E-print Network

, cleaning, and dressing. Occupational therapists also assist individuals with reentry into the work is not necessarily physical. In addition to assisting stroke, heart attack victims, or accident victims, occupationalOccupational Therapy General Information: What is Occupational Therapy? The occupational therapist

Walker, Lawrence R.

29

Accident Procedure Outline the procedures for accidents involving University of Michigan (U-M) vehicles.  

E-print Network

Accident Procedure Objective Outline the procedures for accidents involving University of Michigan. An accident is defined as any incident that causes damage to people or property. 2. In the event of an accident, secure the occupants and vehicle to prevent further incident. 3. Contact the local police agency

Kirschner, Denise

30

TIPS ON ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING Accident Reporting Why?  

E-print Network

TIPS ON ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING Accident Reporting ­ Why? Obligation to report Health Care of Occupational Health and Safety Act Critical injuries are to be reported immediately to Western Health & Safety of the injury (follow up if employee sought Health Care) Actions to prevent recurrence Is there any lost time

Lennard, William N.

31

Injuries to pedestrians in road traffic accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there have been many reports on injuries to occupants of cars in road traffic accidents, there have been few prospective studies of injuries to pedestrians in such accidents. For this reason a two year prospective study of pedestrians in road traffic accidents in the Oxford region was carried out. The incidence of death in pedestrians was significantly higher than

R. M. Atkins; W. H. Turner; R. B. Duthie; B. R. Wilde

1988-01-01

32

On accident analysis and slip-resistance measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four accident analysis models are discussed in relation to a specimen slipping accident. One classification, or ‘single-type’ model, commonly used in accident statistics, lumps all events and agencies from each accident in one ‘cause’ group. This may lead to serious underestimates of particular hazards. In past occupational injury statistics for Sweden, slipping appeared in less than 5 % of all

LENNART STRANDBERG

1983-01-01

33

Occupational health in Singapore.  

PubMed

Singapore, a newly industrializing country in Southeast Asia, has a resident population of 3 million and a work force of 1.75 million. Most workers are employed in the manufacturing, services, and commerce sectors. Agricultural and mining activities are negligible. In 1996 the infant mortality rate was 3.8 per 1,000 live births and the life expectancy at birth was 77 years. In 1996 the total industrial accident rate was 2.7 per million man-hours worked and the severity rate was 353 industrial man-days lost per million man-hours worked. The shipbuilding and construction industries had the most frequent and most severe accidents. In the same year, 1,521 cases of occupational disease were notified to, and confirmed by, the Ministry of Labor. The majority of cases involved noise-induced hearing loss. There is substantial underreporting of cases. New cases that are expected to appear will be work-related illnesses such as musculoskeletal or psychosocial disorders. The principal occupational health legislation in Singapore is the Factories Act. Although it selectively targets workers at highest risk of developing occupational illness, its main limitation is the exclusion of nonfactory workers, who comprise 63% of the working population. Labor regulations are enforced by the Ministry of Labor. Workmen's compensation paid in 1995 amounted to S $46.6 million (U.S. $1=S $1.75). Education and training in occupational health is provided by employer federations, employee unions, and various government agencies. Occupational health is taught to medical students during their undergraduate training. Postgraduate-diploma and Masters programs in occupational medicine are also available. About 600 doctors in Singapore have some form of postgraduate training in occupational health. Health care for workers is offered either through the private sector or through government clinics and hospitals. Although Singapore has made great strides in protecting and promoting the health of its workers, it must constantly strive to strengthen its commitment to occupational health and safety. New problems in the next century must be anticipated and solutions, implemented. Improved training and development of health professionals is needed such that they be better prepared to deliver optimal occupational health care. Finally, labor legislation must be appropriate and responsive to protect the health of all workers. PMID:9749967

Koh, D; Jeyaratnam, J

1998-07-01

34

Occupational Asthma  

MedlinePLUS

Share | Occupational Asthma: Tips to Remember Occupational asthma is caused by inhaling fumes, gases, dust or other potentially harmful substances while "on the job." Often, your symptoms are worse during the ...

35

Occupational Myths  

E-print Network

the functions outweigh the dysfunctions? Conclusions The study of occupational myths has not been of central concern to the oc cupational sociologist. In fact, the number of studies done with this explicit focus can be counted on one hand. Nevertheless...OCCUPATIONAL MYTHS George Ritzer University of Kansas Myths abound in occupational life, but the topic of myths has generally been neglected by occupational sociologists. This paper attempts to rectify the omission. It is contended that we find...

Ritzer, George

1971-04-01

36

Occupational Dermatitis  

PubMed Central

This article attempts to define the term ‘occupational dermatitis’. A step by step approach to the management of possible occupational dermatitis is outlined under the following headings: Suspicion, Identification, Elimination or Reduction, and Treatment. Many other factors, in addition to the identification of occupational hazards, play a role in causation of occupational dermatitis and if not kept in mind may confuse or mislead the physician in his diagnosis and management. PMID:21301507

Rosenthal, D.

1978-01-01

37

Occupational skin diseases in Korea.  

PubMed

Skin disease is the most common occupational disease, but the reported number is small in Korea due to a difficulty of detection and diagnosis in time. We described various official statistics and data from occupational skin disease surveillance system, epidemiological surveys and cases published in scientific journals. Until 1981, 2,222 cases of occupational skin disease were reported by Korean employee's regular medical check-up, accounting for 4.9% of the total occupational diseases. There was no subsequent official statistics to figure out occupational skin diseases till 1998. From 1999, the Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency (KOSHA) published the number of occupational skin diseases through the statistics of Cause Investigation for Industrial Accidents. A total of 301 cases were reported from 1999 to 2007. Recent one study showed the figures of compensated occupational skin diseases. Many of them belonged to daily-paid workers in the public service, especially forestry workers. Also, it described the interesting cases such as vitiligo and trichloroethylene-induced Stevens-Johnson Syndrome. Skin diseases are still important though the number of cases has decreased, and therefore it is recommended to grasp the status of occupational skin diseases through continuous surveillance system and to make policy protecting high-risk group. PMID:21258591

Ahn, Yeon-Soon; Kim, Min-Gi

2010-12-01

38

Occupational Outlook Handbook: Healthcare Occupations  

MedlinePLUS

... a nurse or other healthcare practitioner. Less than high school $20,820 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses ... workers, property, the environment, and the general public. High school diploma or equivalent $47,440 Occupational Therapists Occupational ...

39

Factors associated with automobile accidents and survival.  

PubMed

This paper develops an econometric model for vehicles' inherent mortality rate and estimates the probability of accidents and survival in the United States. Logistic regression model is used to estimate probability of survival, and censored regression model is used to estimate probability of accidents. The estimation results indicated that the probability of accident and survival are influenced by the physical characteristics of the vehicles involved in the accident, and by the characteristics of the driver and the occupants. Using restrain system and riding in heavy vehicle increased the survival rate. Middle-aged drivers are less susceptible to involve in an accident, and surprisingly, female drivers are more likely to have an accident than male drivers. Riding in powerful vehicles (high horsepower) and driving late night increase the probability of accident. Overall, the driving behavior and characteristics of vehicle does matter and affects the probabilities of having a fatal accident for different types of vehicles. PMID:16696930

Kim, Hong Sok; Kim, Hyung Jin; Son, Bongsoo

2006-09-01

40

[Characteristics of victims and fatal accidents at the workplace].  

PubMed

This is a quantitative, descriptive, retrospective documental study on fatal accidents occurred during the period from o2006 to 2010, in which workers were treated at Hospital do Trabalhador, located in Curitiba/Parand. We selected 25 notifications for the outcome death. This study aimed to characterize victims and fatal occupational accidents. Fatal occupational accidents hit workers with a mean age of 35 years (SD = 13.0694), of the male sex, n = 23 (92%). Typical occupational accidents accounted for 52% (n = 13) of cases. One of the preventive measures proposed to reduce the number of fatal occupational accidents is the performance of educational and preventive work at the workplace by nurses. Moreover, it is necessary to rethink transit violence as a relevant factor for the cause of death of workers as well. PMID:23155580

Miranda, Fernanda Moura D'Almeida; Scussiato, Louise Aracema; Kirchhof, Ana Lúcia Cardoso; Cruz, Elaine Drehmer de Almeida; Sarquis, Leila Maria Mansano

2012-06-01

41

Nuclear accidents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Accidents at nuclear power plants can be especially devastating to people and the environment. This article, part of a series about the future of energy, introduces students to nuclear accidents at Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and Tokaimura. Students explore the incidents by examining possible causes, environmental impacts, and effects on life.

Project, Iowa P.

2004-01-01

42

Occupational Health  

MedlinePLUS

Occupational health problems occur at work or because of the kind of work you do. These problems can include ... by exposure to radiation Exposure to germs in health care settings Good job safety and prevention practices ...

43

Supplemental national crash severity study accident reconstruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accident data was collected that allows determination of the relationships between occupant injury and accident severity. The measure of severity most commonly used to characterize an accident is the velocity change experienced by the passenger compartment during the collision. In some 52 percent of the accidents contained in the pre-April 1978 National Crash Severity Study (NCSS) data file, these velocity changes were established with the CRASH computer program. A substantial number of the remaining cases were reconstructable with other methods. Procedures were developed to estimate velocity changes in two car accidents in which the damage to 484 additional accidents from the pre-April 1978 NCSS file were reconstructed to the point of having velocity change estimates for the vehicles involved.

Segal, D. J.; McGrath, M. T.; Balasubramanian, N.

1980-09-01

44

Injuries to pedestrians in road traffic accidents.  

PubMed Central

Although there have been many reports on injuries to occupants of cars in road traffic accidents, there have been few prospective studies of injuries to pedestrians in such accidents. For this reason a two year prospective study of pedestrians in road traffic accidents in the Oxford region was carried out. The incidence of death in pedestrians was significantly higher than in car occupants or motorcyclists. The principal determinant of death was the weight of the vehicle concerned. The most common site of injury was the head because of a high incidence of brief concussion, but the most common site of serious injuries was the leg. Injuries to all regions of the body increased with age and with the weight of the vehicle in the collision. Accidents most often concerned young children or the elderly. PMID:3147003

Atkins, R. M.; Turner, W. H.; Duthie, R. B.; Wilde, B. R.

1988-01-01

45

Occupational neurology.  

PubMed Central

The nervous system is vulnerable to the effects of certain chemicals and physical conditions found in the work environment. The activities of an occupational neurologist focus on the evaluation of patients with neurological disorders caused by occupational or environmental conditions. When one is making a differential diagnosis in patients with neurological disorders, the possibility of toxic exposure or encounters with physical factors in the workplace must not be overlooked. Central to an accurate clinical diagnosis is the patient's history. A diagnosis of an occupational or environmental neurological problem requires a careful assessment of the clinical abnormalities and confirmation of these disabilities by objective tests such as nerve conduction velocity, evoked potentials, electroencephalogram, neuropsychological batteries, or nerve biopsy. On the basis of information about hazards in the workplace, safety standards and environmental and biological monitoring can be implemented in the workplace to reduce the risks of undue injury. Clinical manifestations of headache, memory disturbance, and peripheral neuropathy are commonly encountered presentations of the effects of occupational hazards. Physicians in everyday clinical practice must be aware of the signs and symptoms associated with exposure to possible neurotoxins and work methods. Occupational and environmental circumstances must be explored when evaluating patients with neurologic disorders. PMID:3577214

Feldman, R. G.

1987-01-01

46

Occupational asthma.  

PubMed

Occupational asthma is becoming an increasingly common problem worldwide. To date however, the impact of this disorder in Ireland has not been evaluated. In this present study we document 39 cases of occupational asthma presenting to St. Vincent's Hospital between 1978 and 1988 and evaluate the patient characteristics, the occupationals involved, the causative agents and clinical course and outcome. The characteristics of the occupational asthma group were striking when compared to traditional occupational lung diseases, such as the pneumoconioses. These features were (i) the relatively young age--30 patients (77%) developed their disease by the age of 35, (ii) the presence of a substantial group of women--31% of the study group, and (iii) the relatively rapid onset of asthma after taking up employment--56% had asthma within three years of exposure. In contrast the pneumoconioses affect older, preponderantly male workers who manifest clinically symptomatic disease after decades of exposure. Long standing traditional industries were well represented ranging from milling and the bakery trade to textiles and printing. However, there was an even larger contribution from the more modern, high technology sector particularily the chemical, electronic and plastic industries. PMID:2045262

Kidney, J; Fitzgerald, M

1991-03-01

47

Recommendations for Injury Prevention in Transport Aviation Accidents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1996, a national objective was established to reduce the rate of fatal accidents in aviation. To assist in determining the best methods for improving aircraft crash survivability, a combined approach was used involving database research and the examination of case studies of transport aviation accidents. The results of the study include recommendations for maintaining occupiable space, enhancing occupant restraint, managing energy transferred to the occupant, improving egress, and increasing post-crash survival.

Grierson, Anita E.; Jones, Lisa E.

2001-01-01

48

NIH POLICY MANUAL 1340 -NIH Occupational Safety and Health Management  

E-print Network

in property damage and human resources due to accident, injury, or illness; and #12;Comply with Public Law 91 in the safest possible manner and report hazards, accidents, injuries and illnesses to the appropriate NIH Programs for Federal Employees 2. Public Law 91-596, Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act

Bandettini, Peter A.

49

Occupational deaths and injuries in the construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study concerned with the characteristics of occupational deaths and injuries in the construction industry of South Korea. The national statistics of industrial accidents in the years 1991–1994 were extracted from the annual publications of the Ministry of Labor. These data were analyzed in terms of the size of company, age of injured person, work experience, accident type, injury type,

Byung Yong Jeong

1998-01-01

50

Recommendations for Injury Prevention in Transport Aviation Accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1996, a national objective was established to reduce the rate of fatal accidents in aviation. To assist in determining the best methods for improving aircraft crash survivability, a combined approach was used involving database research and the examination of case studies of transport aviation accidents. The results of the study include recommendations for maintaining occupiable space, enhancing occupant restraint,

Anita E. Grierson; Lisa E. Jones

2000-01-01

51

Accident Investigation Technician Instructor Training Institute. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist States in implementing Highway Safety Program Standard 18, "Accident Investigation and Reporting", the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration funded an instructor training program for a new occupational field in highway safety, accident investigation technician. The Center for Vocational and Technical Education executed this…

Daugherty, Ronald D.; And Others

52

Killer crashes: Fatal road traffic accidents in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road traffic accidents are responsible for over 3000 deaths per year in the UK, according to Department for Transport (2004a) figures. Although progress is being made in a number of areas, vehicle occupant fatalities have not been falling in line with casualty reduction targets for the year 2010. A sample of 1185 fatal vehicle occupant cases was considered, from ten

David D. Clarke; Patrick Ward; Craig Bartle; Wendy Truman

2010-01-01

53

Traffic Safety Facts, 2001: Occupant Protection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides statistical information on the benefits of occupant restraint systems in U.S. motor vehicle accidents. Data tables include: (1) estimated number of lives saved by restraint systems (seat belts, air bags, child restraints), 1975-2001; (2) cumulative estimated number of lives saved by safety belt use, 1975-2001; and (3)…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

54

Occupant Protection. Traffic Safety Facts, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides statistical information on the benefits of occupant restraint systems in U.S. motor vehicle accidents. Data tables include: (1) estimated number of lives saved by restraint systems (seat belts, air bags, child restraints), 1975-2000; (2) cumulative estimated number of lives saved by safety belt use, 1975-2000; and (3)…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

55

[Occupational cardiovascular diseases and phlebopathies].  

PubMed

The focus of the occupational physician to diseases of the cardiovascular system has always been high in relation to the presence in the work of specific risk factors, but also because of the high incidence and prevalence of disease in the general population cardiology chronic-degenerative diseases. The non-specificity and multifactorial diseases of the cardiovascular system, make an etiologic diagnosis of occupational disease extremely difficult. For this reason, increasingly, the occupational physician is faced with the specialist cardiologist on diseases that can be defined as work-related. Among the clinical conditions most frequently encountered by the occupational physician, considered to include hypertension, ischemic heart disease and arrhythmias. Exposure to work risk factors such as: high or low temperatures, the MMC, exposure to electromagnetic fields, and also those related to organization and psycho-social, including night work and work-related stress related, or exposure to chemicals such as organic solvents, especially halogenated, or nitrates, or carbon monoxide, are an aggravating factor in the clinical context of cardiovascular disease primarily unrelated to the etiology. All this underlines also the issue of fitness to work with high risk of accidents for the worker himself and to others, especially the suspension work, driving of vehicles in general, the roles of monitoring and oversight to senior management. From the above, the importance of careful assessment by the occupational physician and the need for good cooperation with the specialist cardiologist, for the formulation of the assessment of suitability for specific tasks. PMID:21438248

Picciotto, D

2010-01-01

56

School Bus Accidents: Reducing Incidents and Injuries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of children injured in nonfatal school bus accidents annually is more than double the number previously estimated. In Ohio alone, approximately 20,800 children younger than 18 were occupants of school buses that were involved in crashes in 2003 and 2004 (McGeehan 2007). Among those children, most had minor or no injuries. However, there…

Mahoney, Daniel

2009-01-01

57

Transport aircraft accident dynamics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A study was carried out of 112 impact survivable jet transport aircraft accidents (world wide) of 27,700 kg (60,000 lb.) aircraft and up extending over the last 20 years. This study centered on the effect of impact and the follow-on events on aircraft structures and was confined to the approach, landing and takeoff segments of the flight. The significant characteristics, frequency of occurrence and the effect on the occupants of the above data base were studied and categorized with a view to establishing typical impact scenarios for use as a basis of verifying the effectiveness of potential safety concepts. Studies were also carried out of related subjects such as: (1) assessment of advanced materials; (2) human tolerance to impact; (3) merit functions for safety concepts; and (4) impact analysis and test methods.

Cominsky, A.

1982-01-01

58

Consequences of road traffic accidents for different types of road user  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study aimed to describe the immediate and later physical, social and psychological consequences of a road traffic accident for vehicle occupants, motorcyclists, cyclists and pedestrians amongst consecutive hospital attenders at an Accident and Emergency Department. Physical and accident details were collated from hospital records. Subjects completed questionnaires at hospital attendance, 3 months, 1 and 3 years.There were 1148 respondents

Richard Mayou; Bridget Bryant

2003-01-01

59

Tourist accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health issues associated with international tourism are now attracting interest from diverse researchers as they examine the interconnections between health and tourism. Despite this new popularity, no mainstream tourism journal has published any substantial research study-on this topic to date. This article examines one area of tourist health hitherto neglected in studies of travel medicine: tourist accidents. The paper commences

Stephen J. Page; Denny Meyer

1996-01-01

60

Nuclear accident  

Microsoft Academic Search

A malfunctioning valve at the Three Mile Island power plant in Pennsylvania was the prelude to the worst nuclear accident in U.S. history. Despite assurances that radiation leaked from the plant posed no immediate threat, the population around the plant dwindled as unforced weekend evacuations grew common. Radiation at the power plant site reached 30 mrem\\/hr on March 30. While

T. Mathews; S. Agrest; G. Borger; M. Lord; W. D. Marbach; W. J. Cook; M. Sheils

1979-01-01

61

Chronic cough due to occupational factors  

PubMed Central

Within the large variety of subtypes of chronic cough, either defined by their clinical or pathogenetic causes, occupational chronic cough may be regarded as one of the most preventable forms of the disease. Next to obstructive airway diseases such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which are sometimes concomitant with chronic cough, this chronic airway disease gains importance in the field of occupational medicine since classic fiber-related occupational airway diseases will decrease in the future. Apart from acute accidents and incidental exposures which may lead to an acute form of cough, there are numerous sources for the development of chronic cough within the workplace. Over the last years, a large number of studies has focused on occupational causes of respiratory diseases and it has emerged that chronic cough is one of the most prevalent work-related airway diseases. Best-known examples of occupations related to the development of cough are coal miners, hard-rock miners, tunnel workers, or concrete manufacturing workers. As chronic cough is often based on a variety of non-occupational factors such as tobacco smoke, a distinct separation into either occupational or personally -evoked can be difficult. However, revealing the occupational contribution to chronic cough and to the symptom cough in general, which is the commonest cause for the consultation of a physician, can significantly lead to a reduction of the socioeconomic burden of the disease. PMID:16722562

Groneberg, David A; Nowak, Dennis; Wussow, Anke; Fischer, Axel

2006-01-01

62

Increased occupational radiation doses: nuclear fuel cycle.  

PubMed

The increased occupational doses resulting from the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident that occurred in Ukraine in April 1986, the reactor accident of Fukushima that took place in Japan in March 2011, and the early operations of the Mayak Production Association in Russia in the 1940s and 1950s are presented and discussed. For comparison purposes, the occupational doses due to the other two major reactor accidents (Windscale in the United Kingdom in 1957 and Three Mile Island in the United States in 1979) and to the main plutonium-producing facility in the United States (Hanford Works) are also covered but in less detail. Both for the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident and the routine operations at Mayak, the considerable efforts made to reconstruct individual doses from external irradiation to a large number of workers revealed that the recorded doses had been overestimated by a factor of about two.Introduction of Increased Occupational Exposures: Nuclear Industry Workers. (Video 1:32, http://links.lww.com/HP/A21). PMID:24378501

Bouville, André; Kryuchkov, Victor

2014-02-01

63

Occupational asthma.  

PubMed

Substantial epidemiologic and clinical evidence indicates that agents inhaled at work can induce asthma. In industrialized countries, occupational factors have been implicated in 9 to 15% of all cases of adult asthma. Work-related asthma includes (1) immunologic occupational asthma (OA), characterized by a latency period before the onset of symptoms; (2) nonimmunologic OA, which occurs after single or multiple exposures to high concentrations of irritant materials; (3) work-aggravated asthma, which is preexisting or concurrent asthma exacerbated by workplace exposures; and (4) variant syndromes. Assessment of the work environment has improved, making it possible to measure concentrations of several high- and low-molecular-weight agents in the workplace. The identification of host factors, polymorphisms, and candidate genes associated with OA is in progress and may improve our understanding of mechanisms involved in OA. A reliable diagnosis of OA should be confirmed by objective testing early after its onset. Removal of the worker from exposure to the causal agent and treatment with inhaled glucocorticoids lead to a better outcome. Finally, strategies for preventing OA should be implemented and their cost-effectiveness examined. PMID:15860754

Mapp, Cristina E; Boschetto, Piera; Maestrelli, Piero; Fabbri, Leonardo M

2005-08-01

64

Occupational asthma.  

PubMed

Occupational asthma (OA) is one of the most common forms of occupational lung disease in many industrialized countries, having been implicated in 9 to 15% of adult-onset asthma. Work-related asthma includes: 1. immunologic OA, characterized by a latency period before the onset of symptoms; 2. nonimmunologic OA, which occurs after single or multiple exposures to high concentrations of irritants; 3. work-aggravated asthma, which is pre-existing or concurrent asthma exacerbated by workplace exposures; and 4. variant syndromes. OA is important to recognize clinically, because it has serious medical and socioeconomic consequences. Diagnosis of OA should be confirmed by objective testing early after its onset. Removal of the worker from exposure to the causal agent and early treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs lead to a better outcome. Assessment of the work environment and identification of host factors may provide us with useful information about the mechanisms involved in OA. Another issue concerns strategies for preventing OA which should be implemented. PMID:17017377

Mapp, Cristina E; Miotto, Deborah; Boschetto, Piera

2006-01-01

65

[All-terrain vehicle accidents].  

PubMed

All-terrain vehicles (ATV) are designed for off-the-road occupational or recreational use. As their popularity has been increasing steadily, information has been accumulating on the morbidity and mortality associated with their use. The attributes of the ATV that make it attractive for recreation and sport are the reasons for much of its danger. Thus, horsepower, speed and ability to travel on rough and uncertain terrain are causal factors for accidents. The poor judgment and risk-taking of many of the young and immature drivers contribute to the great danger. 61 admissions due to ATV accidents from October 1992 to April 1995 are reviewed. The data suggest that ATV riders are at high risk for serious skeletal injuries and death. ATVs clearly present health hazards for riders of all ages, unless they are driven with great care. Guidelines for reducing the number and severity of injuries, such as age limits, safety programs and protective equipment are suggested. PMID:8549962

Baruchin, A M; Nahlieli, O; Scharf, S; Itzkaier, G

1995-10-01

66

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY  

E-print Network

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Department of Occupational Health and Safety Revised December 2009 #12;Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Management System 1. Introduction.............................................................................................................. 3 2.2 Management of Health and Safety

67

[Occupational medicine insight into the problem of occupational stress in the construction industry].  

PubMed

According to the present study, in addition to the high accident rate, work in the building trade is characterized by intense muscle strain and constrained physical posture. In bricklaying, for example, a worker moves by hand up to seven tons of stone per shift. Consequently, various health complaints occur far more frequently in this occupation than in the other occupational groups, for instance, back complaints (71%), severe fatigue (58%), pain in the arms and hands (42%), headache (40%) and leg pain (34%). The most complained of factors include effects of the weather (74%), draft (50%), noise (55%), air pollution via dust (53%), skin contact with dirt and harmful substances (47%), moving heavy objects by hand (53%), adverse posture during work (47%), and a high risk of accidents (47%). Besides technical and organizational measures, the prevention of health impairments in employees in the building trade should be promoted by purposive care by works services of occupational medicine. PMID:3687226

Buchberger, J; Nemecek, J; Fahrni, M

1987-01-01

68

Applying hierarchical loglinear models to nonfatal underground coal mine accidents for safety management.  

PubMed

Underground mining is considered to be one of the most dangerous industries and mining remains the most hazardous occupation. Categorical analysis of accident records may present valuable information for preventing accidents. In this study, hierarchical loglinear analysis was applied to occupational injuries that occurred in an underground coal mine. The main factors affecting the accidents were defined as occupation, area, reason, accident time and part of body affected. By considering subfactors of the main factors, multiway contingency tables were prepared and, thus, the probabilities that might affect nonfatal injuries were investigated. At the end of the study, important accident risk factors and job groups with a high probability of being exposed to those risk factors were determined. This article presents important information on decreasing the number accidents in underground coal mines. PMID:24934420

Onder, Mustafa; Onder, Seyhan; Adiguzel, Erhan

2014-01-01

69

Occupational Classification System Manual  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Researchers may gain insight into the Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Bureau occupational codes via the Occupational Classification System Manual (OCSM). A list of Major Occupation Group titles (MOGs) is provided as well as links to the Census Occupation Index--an alphabetical list of approximately 30,000 occupational titles. Further guidance in locating the proper occupation classification for research queries is outlined in the articles "Using the OCSM" and "Using the Census Index."

70

Occupational Performance and Metacognition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides definitions of metacognition and explores its relationship to occupational performance. Emphasizes the importance of integrating metacognitive components into occupational therapy theory and practice. (Author)

Katz, Noomi; Hartman-Maier, Adina

1997-01-01

71

Occupational hazards at the work place  

PubMed Central

Industrial accidents and injuries are prevalent amongst the industrialised world. Accident related research has long attempted to find common denominators among the human and environmental antecedents of occupational hazards. Chemical substances can adversely effect one or several of the body systems, with resulting symptoms which may not fit in a specific disease pattern. While occupational health physicians will be familiar with hazards of particular industries, general physicians or chiropractic clinicians may easily overlook industrial poisoning as a cause of symptoms because of its relative rarity. Even though awareness of chiropractic and use of chiropractic care has been increasing, there are still millions of Canadians who know little or nothing about chiropractic and are not part of its utilization profile.

Dhami, MSI; Vernon, H

1985-01-01

72

Occupant Protection Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics include occupant protection overview with a focus on crew protection during dynamic phases of flight; occupant protection collaboration; modeling occupant protection; occupant protection considerations; project approach encompassing analysis tools, injury criteria, and testing program development; injury criteria update methodology, unique effects of pressure suits and other factors; and a summary.

Bopp, Genie; Somers, Jeff; Granderson, Brad; Gernhardt, Mike; Currie, Nancy; Lawrence, Chuck

2010-01-01

73

Occupational Therapy Assistant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is designed for use in developing a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of occupational therapy assistant, lists technical competencies and competency builders for 16 units pertinent to the health technologies cluster in general as well as those specific to the occupation of occupational therapy assistant. The…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

74

Occupational health hazards of mine workers*  

PubMed Central

Mining has always been among the most hazardous of occupations, and with the increasing demand for coal and minerals safety in mines assumes even greater importance. This article describes the present situation with regard to conditions in mines, the diseases and disabilities resulting from them, and measures that can be taken to prevent or treat them. The hazards covered are: accidents, dust (including poisoning by certain ores), high temperature and humidity, noise and vibration, toxic gases, and miscellaneous other hazards. PMID:307452

Cho, K. S.; Lee, S. H.

1978-01-01

75

ETHNIC OCCUPATIONAL STATUSES  

E-print Network

of the divergence in degree of involvement among these occupations, they often come to possess auxiliary ethnic traits. This can be largely explained by examining the important characteristics which these occupational statuses share. 1. They are service occupations...a ETHNIC OCCUPATIONAL STATUSES Lewis A. Mennerick University ofKansas As Everett C. Hughes has pointed out, every status, including occupational statuses, has both specifically determining traits and "auxiliary traits which have come to be expected...

Mennerick, Lewis A.

1968-04-01

76

Epidemiology of Accidents in Tile Factories of Mangalore City in Karnataka  

PubMed Central

Background: Occupational accidents are a major point of concern in industries. The academic community should take the first step to address the long-neglected concerns of occupational safety. Objective: To assess the prevalence and pattern of occupational accidents. Materials and Methods: A record-based, cross-sectional study was done in three tile factories of Mangalore city, in Karnataka. A total of 416 workers were analyzed for the year 2004, and data regarding age, sex, job duration, type and nature of injury, body parts involved, and time of injury were collected in a prestructured proforma. Statistical Analysis: Proportions, Chi-square test, Univariate and Multivariate analysis. Results: The overall prevalence rate of accidents was found to be 18.5%. It was found that almost around 86% of the accidents had affected the limbs (upper limb 24.7%, lower limb 61%), around half (52%) of the injuries were contributed by superficial injuries, 40% of accidents were due to stepping/striking against objects and while handling. Hand tools and machinery in motion contributed to around 20% of the accidents. Accidents were more common among the younger age group and less-experienced workers. Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that the age group of 30-39 years had an independent significant association with accidents (OR = 0.21, P = 0.04). Conclusion: Accidents in tile industries are an important occupational health problem in this area of the country. There is a need for proper safety training of the workers. PMID:20606926

Kumar, S Ganesh; Rathnakar, UP; Harsha Kumar, HN

2010-01-01

77

76 FR 589 - Proposed Extension of Existing Information Collection; Mine Accident, Injury, Illness, Mine...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...efforts of MSHA and the mining industry. Accident, injury, and illness data, when correlated with...effectively using historical data. The information collected...reliable occupational data available concerning the mining industry. Section...

2011-01-05

78

[History of the radiation damage in occupations].  

PubMed

In the year following Röntgen`s discovery of X-rays in 1895, approximately 60 cases of hand dermatitis and hair loss induced by radiation were reported. People using X-rays in their occupation, including X-ray tube manufacturers, physicians, and engineers, experienced chronic radiation dermatitis and were the first to be diagnosed with occupational radiation exposure. Reports of later appearing disorders, including skin cancer, suffered by doctors and engineers, were regarded as serious occupational diseases. In the 1910's, blood disorders, including leukemia, in people with occupational exposure to radiation came into focus. Dial painters applying radium to watches with a luminous dial clock face suffered osteomyelitis from about 1914. Other radiation damage reports include radiation death and carcinogenesis in the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident in 1986, and radiation death in the Tokai-mura JCO accident in 1999. The details of radiation damage in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 2011 have not yet been reported, but must be followed in the future. PMID:24633182

Okazaki, Ryuji

2014-03-01

79

Hypothetical Reactor Accident Study  

E-print Network

- W 4 DfcSkoollo Rise-R-427 CARNSORE: Hypothetical Reactor Accident Study O. Walmod-Larsen, N. O: HYPOTHETICAL REACTOR ACCIDENT STUDY O. Walmod-Larsen, N.O. Jensen, L. Kristensen, A. Heide, K.L. Nedergård, P-basis accident and a series of hypothetical core-melt accidents to a 600 MWe reactor are de- scribed

80

Occupational Health and Safety Manual  

E-print Network

Occupational Health and Safety Manual #12;1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 York University Occupational Health and Safety Policy and Programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Occupational Health and Safety Legislation

81

Risk of recurrence of occupational back pain over three year follow up  

Microsoft Academic Search

A random sample including 2342 cases representative of all occupational back injuries in Quebec (1981) was followed up prospectively over three years to assess the recurrence rate of back problems (lumbar, thoracic, and cervical). Each medical and accident report was reviewed to obtain the site of symptoms and occupation. Age, sex, industrial sector, and number of episodes of absence from

L Abenhaim; S Suissa; M Rossignol

1988-01-01

82

Occupational skin diseases.  

PubMed

Occupational skin diseases are the most commonly reported notifiable occupational diseases. In Germany, 23 596 out of a total of 71 263 reported occupational diseases in 2010 were classified as occupational skin diseases (BK No. 5101: "severe or recurrent skin diseases which have forced the person to discontinue all occupational activities that caused or could cause the development, worsening, or recurrence of the disease"). Contact dermatitis (allergic, irritant) of the hands is the most common skin disease and atopic skin diathesis is often an important co-factor. The number of work-related skin diseases is many times higher than the number of notified occupational dermatoses. This CME article explains the legal framework of occupational diseases, the tasks and obligations of the legal statutory work insurance. Typical allergens and irritants of high risk professions are also presented as are the important steps from diagnosis to compensation. Early prevention of occupational skin diseases is very important to avoid severe chronic hand eczema. Therefore the "dermatologist's report" is crucial. Other occupational dermatoses (outside of BK 5101) are briefly mentioned. In recent years the number of notifications of occupational skin cancer due to occupational UV-irradiation has increased. According to recent epidemiological findings, there is a significant and consistent positive association between occupational UV-irradiation and squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, an important criterion for a new occupational disease is fulfilled. PMID:22455666

Diepgen, Thomas L

2012-05-01

83

Occupational Clusters. Occupational Investigation Guide. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This occupational investigation guide contains learning activities for instruction in fifteen occupational clusters: (1) agribusiness and natural resources, (2) business and office, (3) communications and media, (4) construction, (5) consumer and homemaking, (6) environment, (7) fine arts and humanities, (8) health, (9) hospitality and recreation,…

East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

84

Epidemiologic characteristics of compensated occupational lung cancers among Korean workers.  

PubMed

An understanding of the characteristics of occupational lung cancer is important to establish policies that prevent carcinogen exposure and to compensate workers exposed to lung carcinogens. This study analyzed the characteristics of occupational lung cancers in workers who were compensated under the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Law between 1994 and 2011. A total of 179 occupational lung cancers were compensated. The main carcinogenic exposure was asbestos, followed by crystalline silica and hexavalent chromium. The mean exposure duration and latency were 19.8 and 23.2 yr. The most common industry was manufacturing, followed by construction and transportation. The most common occupation was maintenance and repair, followed by foundry work, welding, painting, and spinning or weaving. Although asbestos was predominant carcinogen, the proportion of these cases was relatively low compared to other developed countries. Proper surveillance system is needed to monitor occupational lung cancer and improve prevention measures. PMID:25408577

Ahn, Yeon-Soon; Jeong, Kyoung Sook

2014-11-01

85

Occupational Radiation Exposures  

Cancer.gov

DCEG researchers are studying cancer risks among populations who are occupationally exposed to radiation. Chernobyl Clean-up Workers Mayak Nuclear Facility Workers U.S. Radiologic Technologists Interventional Fluoroscopists Print This Page Occupational

86

Designing an Experimental "Accident"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an experimental "accident" that resulted in much student learning, seeks help in the identification of nematodes, and suggests biology teachers introduce similar accidents into their teaching to stimulate student interest. (PEB)

Picker, Lester

1974-01-01

87

Interpreting Accident Statistics  

E-print Network

Accident statistics have often been used to support the argument that an abnormally small proportion of drivers account for a large proportion of the accidents. This paper compares statistics developed from six-year data ...

Ferreira, Joseph Jr.

88

Occupational rhinitis: an update.  

PubMed

Occupational rhinitis is characterized by nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, nasal itching, and/or sneezing that occur secondary to exposures in the workplace. This disease can be classified into allergic or nonallergic subgroups based upon the underlying disease pathogenesis as well as the type of causative agent. While the true prevalence of occupational rhinitis is unknown, there are certain professions and occupational exposures that place workers at a higher risk for developing the disease. Additionally, occupational rhinitis can be associated with occupational asthma and upper airway symptoms may precede those of the lower respiratory tract. Taken together, occupational rhinitis is an important disease for study given its medical as well as socioeconomic implications. This review will focus on the classification of occupational rhinitis as well the prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment strategies. PMID:25430949

Stevens, Whitney W; Grammer, Leslie C

2015-01-01

89

Occupational Employment Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

US occupations are featured in this information-rich resources from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The 1996 Occupational Employment Statistics Survey differs from previous surveys in that it includes wage data by occupation for the first time. The site contains a description of the survey and complete national and state data for 760 occupations in seven major areas. Included are occupation title, number of employees, hourly mean and median wage, and an OES code number that provides information about the occupation and its employment distribution by wage range where surveyed (distribution is for the national survey only). An occupational search engine is forthcoming. The site also contains information about previous OES surveys back to 1988.

90

Group Accident Insurance Certificate  

E-print Network

Group Accident Insurance Certificate Regents of the University of New Mexico #12;#12;Life Insurance Company GROUP ACCIDENT CERTIFICATE THIS CERTIFICATE PROVIDES LIMITED COVERAGE. PLEASE READ YOUR. THIS CERTIFICATE IS ISSUED UNDER AN ACCIDENT ONLY POLICY. IT DOES NOT PAY BENEFITS FOR LOSS CAUSED BY SICKNESS. GA

New Mexico, University of

91

The risk of occupational rhinitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective?Reports on the aetiology and risk of occupational rhinitis in different occupations are scarce. Method:?The purpose of this study was to find the occupations with an increased risk of occupational rhinitis. Age and gender differences\\u000a in occupational rhinitis and occupational asthma were also compared, and the most common causes of occupational rhinitis were\\u000a analysed. Design:?This study covered the cases of

M. Hytönen; Lasse Kanerva; Henrik Malmberg; Rami Martikainen; Pertti Mutanen; Jouni Toikkanen

1997-01-01

92

Good Occupation – Bad Occupation? The Quality of Apprenticeship Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small average wage effects of employer and\\/or occupation changes after apprenticeship training mask large differences between occupation groups and apprentices with different schooling back-grounds. Apprentices in commerce and trading occupations strongly profit from an employer change. Employer and occupation changers in industrial occupations face large wage disadvantages, however. We are the first to analyse these differences while those quality differences

Kathrin Goeggel; Thomas Zwick

2009-01-01

93

Occupational lung cancer  

SciTech Connect

The author addresses the attribution of lung cancer to cigarette smoking and the problems of confounding synergistic effects of occupational and other carcinogenic risk factors, as well as the divergent trends of declining smoking rates and increasing rates of lung cancer. He also reviews the existing literature to document associations between lung cancer and occupational exposures. Finally, interventions for prevention of occupational lung cancer are discussed.

Cone, J.E.

1987-04-01

94

Advances in occupational asthma.  

PubMed

Clinical and research interests in occupational asthma increased dramatically in the 1980s. Advances in our knowledge base have led to improved recognition, management, and methods for preventing this disorder. An accelerated pace of basic and clinical research is anticipated in the 1990s. These efforts will likely lead to a more complete understanding of the disease (and pay dividends in understanding asthma itself). Occupational asthma is predicted to be the preeminent occupational lung disease in the next decade. PMID:1387352

Alberts, W M; Brooks, S M

1992-06-01

95

Occupational Safety Review of High Technology Facilities  

SciTech Connect

This report contains reviews of operating experiences, selected accident events, and industrial safety performance indicators that document the performance of the major US DOE magnetic fusion experiments and particle accelerators. These data are useful to form a basis for the occupational safety level at matured research facilities with known sets of safety rules and regulations. Some of the issues discussed are radiation safety, electromagnetic energy exposure events, and some of the more widespread issues of working at height, equipment fires, confined space work, electrical work, and other industrial hazards. Nuclear power plant industrial safety data are also included for comparison.

Lee Cadwallader

2005-01-31

96

Welding. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), which is one of a series of OCAPs developed to identify the skills that Ohio employers deem necessary to entering a given occupation/occupational area, lists the occupational, academic, and employability skills required of individuals entering the occupation of welder. The introduction explains…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

97

Bricklayer. Occupational Analyses Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis covers tasks performed by a bricklayer, an occupational title some provinces and territories of Canada have also identified as bricklayer-mason, brick and stone mason, and mason. A guide to analysis discusses development, structure, and validation method; scope of the occupation; trends; and safety. To facilitate understanding the…

Cap, Orest; Cap, Ihor; Semenovych, Viktor

98

Cabinetmaker. Occupational Analysis Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the analysis of the occupation of cabinetmaker, or joiner, that is accepted by the Canadian Council of Directors as the national standard for the occupation. The front matter preceding the analysis includes exploration of the development of the analysis, structure of the analysis, validation method, scope of the cabinetmaker…

Chinien, Chris; Boutin, France

99

The Heath Occupational Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career development programs must identify occupational needs of adults. A model based on Maslow's hierarchy develops occupational questions related to individual motivations (physiology, safety, love, esteem, and self-actualization). Individual needs are then compared with characteristics and benefits of proposed jobs, companies, or careers. (SK)

Heath, William E.

1990-01-01

100

Occupational Stress among Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies were conducted to investigate the degree to which occupational stress among teachers could be attributed to personal characteristics of the individuals themselves. The first study developed dispositional stress scales. The second examined correlations between these scales, occupational stress scales, and teachers' attitudes toward…

Albertson, Larry M.; Kagan, Dona M.

1987-01-01

101

Occupational infection in Korea.  

PubMed

Occupational infection is a human disease caused by work-associated exposure to microbial agents through human and environmental contact. According to the literature, occupational infection was the third leading cause of occupational disease (861 cases, 8.0%), and health care, agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers were risk groups in Korea. In addition, most high-risk groups have not been protected by workers' compensation, which could lead to underestimation of the exact spectrum and magnitude of the problem, and may also result in a lack of development and implementation of occupational infection management. Through a review of national guidelines and documentations on prevention and control of occupational infection, a management strategy would promote adherence to worker safety regulations if it is explicit with regard to the agent and mode of infection in each of the high-risk groups. PMID:21258592

Chung, Yun Kyung; Ahn, Yeon-Soon; Jeong, Jae Sim

2010-12-01

102

Perspectives in Occupational Dermatology  

PubMed Central

Because large surface areas of the skin are exposed directly to the environment, skin is an organ particularly vulnerable to occupationally induced disease. Statistics show that, excluding accidental injury, nearly half of all occupational illnesses occur in this organ; a fourth of all workers suffering from occupational skin disease lose an average of 10 to 12 workdays. The constant evolution of new industrial chemicals and methods of manufacture continue to bring new skin hazards and disease into the workplace. Occupational health physicians and practitioners, who usually have minimal training in dermatology, must diagnose and treat unfamiliar diseases in a setting of even less familiar, often overwhelming, technology. A thorough understanding of cutaneous defense mechanisms, clinical patterns of occupational skin disease and methods for establishing accurate diagnoses is essential. PMID:6219498

Mathias, C. G. Toby; Maibach, Howard I.

1982-01-01

103

Mechanisms of occupational asthma.  

PubMed

Inhalation of agents in the workplace can induce asthma in a relatively small proportion of exposed workers. Like nonoccupational asthma, occupational asthma is probably the result of multiple genetic, environmental, and behavioral influences. It is important that occupational asthma be recognized clinically because it has serious medical and socioeconomic consequences. Environmental factors that can affect the initiation of occupational asthma include the intrinsic characteristics of causative agents as well as the influence of the level and route of exposure at the workplace. The identification of host factors, polymorphisms, and candidate genes associated with occupational asthma may improve our understanding of mechanisms involved in asthma. High-molecular-weight compounds from biological sources and low-molecular-weight chemicals cause occupational asthma after a latent period of exposure. Although the clinical, functional, and pathologic features of occupational asthma caused by low-molecular-weight agents resemble those of allergic asthma, the failure to detect specific IgE antibodies against most low-molecular-weight agents has resulted in a search for alternative or complementary physiopathologic mechanisms leading to airway sensitization. Recent advances have been made in the characterization of the immune response to low-molecular-weight agents. In contrast, the mechanism of the type of occupational asthma that occurs without latency after high-level exposure to irritants remains undetermined. PMID:19281901

Maestrelli, Piero; Boschetto, Piera; Fabbri, Leonardo M; Mapp, Cristina E

2009-03-01

104

Analysis of Construction Accidents in Turkey and Responsible Parties  

PubMed Central

Construction is one of the world’s biggest industry that includes jobs as diverse as building, civil engineering, demolition, renovation, repair and maintenance. Construction workers are exposed to a wide variety of hazards. This study analyzes 1,117 expert witness reports which were submitted to criminal and labour courts. These reports are from all regions of the country and cover the period 1972–2008. Accidents were classified by the consequence of the incident, time and main causes of the accident, construction type, occupation of the victim, activity at time of the accident and party responsible for the accident. Falls (54.1%), struck by thrown/falling object (12.9%), structural collapses (9.9%) and electrocutions (7.5%) rank first four places. The accidents were most likely between the hours 15:00 and 17:00 (22.6%), 10:00–12:00 (18.7%) and just after the lunchtime (9.9%). Additionally, the most common accidents were further divided into sub-types. Expert-witness assessments were used to identify the parties at fault and what acts of negligence typically lead to accidents. Nearly two thirds of the faulty and negligent acts are carried out by the employers and employees are responsible for almost one third of all cases. PMID:24077446

GÜRCANLI, G. Emre; MÜNGEN, U?ur

2013-01-01

105

Anatomy of an Accident.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The findings of industrial safety engineers in the areas of accident causation and prevention are wholly applicable to adventure programs. Adventure education instructors can use safety engineering concepts to assess the risk in a particular activity, understand factors that cause accidents, and intervene to minimize injuries and damages if…

Mobley, Michael

1984-01-01

106

American Occupational Therapy Association  

MedlinePLUS

... the latest products and opportunities --only in Nashville's Music City Center! Annual Conference & Expo Calendar Occupational Therapy ... Annual Conference 03/01/2015 - 03/01/2015 Technology Special Interest Section Virtual Chat 03/10/2015 - ...

107

Occupational Therapy (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... from OT: birth injuries or birth defects sensory processing disorders traumatic injuries (brain or spinal cord) learning ... skills, visual-perceptual skills, cognitive skills, and sensory-processing deficits. Occupational Therapy Practitioners There are two professional ...

108

Occupational hearing loss  

MedlinePLUS

Over time, repeated exposure to loud noise and music can cause hearing loss. Occupational hearing loss is ... Airline ground maintenance Construction Farming Jobs involving loud music or machinery In the U.S., the maximum job ...

109

Paternal occupation and anencephaly  

SciTech Connect

It has been suggested that paternal occupational exposures to pesticides and solvents increase the risk of neural tube defects in offspring. With the use of Texas livebirth, fetal death, and linked livebirth-death records, the authors conducted a population-based case-control study among 1981-1986 Texas births to examine the association between paternal occupation and anencephalic births. Fathers employed in occupations associated with solvent exposure were more likely to have offspring with anencephaly (odds ratio (OR) = 2.53), with painters having the highest risk (OR = 3.43). A lesser association was found for fathers employed in occupations involving pesticide exposure (OR = 1.28). Further studies are indicated to clarify these associations.

Brender, J.D.; Suarez, L. (Texas Department of Health, Austin (USA))

1990-03-01

110

Occupational health impacts: offshore crane lifts in life cycle assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background, Aim, and Scope  The identification and assessment of environmental tradeoffs is a strongpoint of life cycle assessment (LCA). A tradeoff made\\u000a in many product systems is the exchange of potential for occupational accidents with the additional use of energy and materials.\\u000a Net benefits of safety measures with respect to human health are best illustrated if the consequences avoided and health

Johan Pettersen; Edgar G. Hertwich

2008-01-01

111

Occupational cancer in Spain.  

PubMed Central

The knowledge of specific problems of occupational cancer in Spain is scarce. The environment of the workplace has improved over the last few years after a long period distinguished by bad working conditions, incomplete legislation, and insufficient safety measures and control. It has been estimated that 3,083,479 workers (25.4% of employees) were exposed to carcinogens. The most common occupational exposures to carcinogenic agents were solar radiation, environmental tobacco smoke, silica, and wood dust. The highest number of employees were exposed to silica crystalline (404,729), diesel engine exhaust (274,321), rubber products (99,804), benzene (89,932), ethylene dibromide (81,336), agents used in furniture and cabinet making (72,068), and formaldehyde (71,189). The percentage of total cancer deaths attributed to occupational exposure was 4% (6% in men, 0.9% in women). Compared with other European countries, the incidence of lung cancer and leukemia in Spain are one of the lowest, but it is rapidly increasing. The incidence of urinary bladder and larynx cancer, on the contrary, are one of the highest. Few studies on occupational cancer have been conducted in Spain. The main problems are the availability of death certificates and the quality of the information on occupation in mortality of statistics. It is necessary to improve methods of assessment of exposures using expert hygienists and biologic markers of exposure and diseases. Reduction of cancer by limiting or avoiding exposure to known occupational carcinogens is still necessary. PMID:10350510

González, C A; Agudo, A

1999-01-01

112

Occupational cancer in Spain.  

PubMed

The knowledge of specific problems of occupational cancer in Spain is scarce. The environment of the workplace has improved over the last few years after a long period distinguished by bad working conditions, incomplete legislation, and insufficient safety measures and control. It has been estimated that 3,083,479 workers (25.4% of employees) were exposed to carcinogens. The most common occupational exposures to carcinogenic agents were solar radiation, environmental tobacco smoke, silica, and wood dust. The highest number of employees were exposed to silica crystalline (404,729), diesel engine exhaust (274,321), rubber products (99,804), benzene (89,932), ethylene dibromide (81,336), agents used in furniture and cabinet making (72,068), and formaldehyde (71,189). The percentage of total cancer deaths attributed to occupational exposure was 4% (6% in men, 0.9% in women). Compared with other European countries, the incidence of lung cancer and leukemia in Spain are one of the lowest, but it is rapidly increasing. The incidence of urinary bladder and larynx cancer, on the contrary, are one of the highest. Few studies on occupational cancer have been conducted in Spain. The main problems are the availability of death certificates and the quality of the information on occupation in mortality of statistics. It is necessary to improve methods of assessment of exposures using expert hygienists and biologic markers of exposure and diseases. Reduction of cancer by limiting or avoiding exposure to known occupational carcinogens is still necessary. PMID:10350510

González, C A; Agudo, A

1999-05-01

113

Occupant thermal comfort evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Throughout the automotive industry there has been an increasing concern and focus on the thermal comfort of occupants. Manufacturers are continuously striving to improve heating and air conditioning performance to comply with expanding customer needs. To optimize these systems, the technology to acquire data must also be enhanced. In this evaluation, the standard use of isolated thermocouple location technology is compared to utilizing infrared thermal vision in an air conditioning performance assessment. Infrared data on an actual occupant is correlated to breath and air conditioning output temperatures measured by positioned thermocouples. The use of infrared thermal vision highlights various areas of comfort and discomfort experienced by the occupant. The evaluation involves utilizing an infrared thermal vision camera to film an occupant in the vehicle as the following test procedure is run. The vehicle is soaked in full sun load until the interior temperature reaches a minimum of 150 degrees F (65.6 degrees Celsius). The occupant enters the vehicle and takes an initial temperature reading. The air conditioning is turned on to full cold, full fan speed, and recirculation mode. While being filmed, the driver drives for sixty minutes at 30 miles per hour (48.3 kph). The thermocouples acquire data in one minute intervals while the infrared camera films the cooling process of the occupant.

Ghiardi, Gena L.

1999-03-01

114

Accident patterns for construction-related workers: a cluster analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The construction industry has been identified as one of the most hazardous industries. The risk of constructionrelated workers is far greater than that in a manufacturing based industry. However, some steps can be taken to reduce worker risk through effective injury prevention strategies. In this article, k-means clustering methodology is employed in specifying the factors related to different worker types and in identifying the patterns of industrial occupational accidents. Accident reports during the period 1998 to 2008 are extracted from case reports of the Northern Region Inspection Office of the Council of Labor Affairs of Taiwan. The results show that the cluster analysis can indicate some patterns of occupational injuries in the construction industry. Inspection plans should be proposed according to the type of construction-related workers. The findings provide a direction for more effective inspection strategies and injury prevention programs.

Liao, Chia-Wen; Tyan, Yaw-Yauan

2012-01-01

115

Occup Environ Med . Author manuscript Occupation and occupational exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals  

E-print Network

Occup Environ Med . Author manuscript Page /1 12 Occupation and occupational exposure to endocrine. Lifetime work history was obtained during in-person interviews. Occupational exposures to endocrine elevated risk of male breast cancer observed in motor vehicle mechanics. Endocrine disruptors

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

116

FATAL ACCIDENT REPORTING SYSTEM (FARS)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Fatal Accident Reporting System (FARS) database consist of three relational tables, containing data on automobile accidents on public U.S. roads that resulted in the death of one or more people within 30 days of the accident. Truck and trailer accidents are also included....

117

Accident resistant transport container  

DOEpatents

The invention relates to a container for the safe air transport of plutonium having several intermediate wood layers and a load spreader intermediate an inner container and an outer shell for mitigation of shock during a hypothetical accident.

Andersen, John A. (Albuquerque, NM); Cole, James K. (Albuquerque, NM)

1980-01-01

118

Risk assessment of maintenance operations: the analysis of performing task and accident mechanism.  

PubMed

Maintenance operations cover a great number of occupations. Most small and medium-sized enterprises lack the appropriate information to conduct risk assessments of maintenance operations. The objective of this research is to provide a method based on the concepts of task and accident mechanisms for an initial risk assessment by taking into consideration the prevalence and severity of the maintenance accidents reported. Data were gathered from 11,190 reported accidents in maintenance operations in the manufacturing sector of Andalusia from 2003 to 2012. By using a semi-quantitative methodology, likelihood and severity were evaluated based on the actual distribution of accident mechanisms in each of the tasks. Accident mechanisms and tasks were identified by using those variables included in the European Statistics of Accidents at Work methodology. As main results, the estimated risk of the most frequent accident mechanisms identified for each of the analysed tasks is low and the only accident mechanisms with medium risk are accidents when lifting or pushing with physical stress on the musculoskeletal system in tasks involving carrying, and impacts against objects after slipping or stumbling for tasks involving movements. The prioritisation of public preventive actions for the accident mechanisms with a higher estimated risk is highly recommended. PMID:25179119

Carrillo-Castrillo, Jesús A; Rubio-Romero, Juan Carlos; Guadix, Jose; Onieva, Luis

2014-09-01

119

Computer simulation of the accident with nine victims.  

PubMed

In the paper we wish to emphasise the significance of vehicle driving dynamics analysis in the collision phase and occupant load analysis by means of using a software environment. Thereby we also wish to present the results of the simulation of the course of a traffic accident with nine victims that arose from a collision between an Audi A6 passenger car and the VW Caravelle van. In treating the traffic accident the forensic expert was faced with the questions about what caused the injuries to the front passenger in the Audi A6 passenger car, about the way the two vehicles had collided, about their collision velocities, about the way the two vehicles were handled and about the causes that originated the traffic accident. The critical situation on the road was a consequence of the tiredness of the van driver, the inadequate use of the passive safety systems and overloading the van. PMID:16410168

Balazic, Joze; Prebil, Ivan; Certanc, Niko

2006-01-27

120

Occupation and gastric cancer  

PubMed Central

Gastric cancer is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality. There are several risk factors, with occupation emerging as one of these. There is considerable evidence that occupations in coal and tin mining, metal processing, particularly steel and iron, and rubber manufacturing industries lead to an increased risk of gastric cancer. Other "dusty" occupations—for example, wood processing, or work in high temperature environments have also been implicated but the evidence is not strong. The mechanism of pathogenesis of gastric cancer is unclear and the identification of causative agents can be difficult. Dust is thought to be a contributor to the pathological process, but well known carcinogens such as N-nitroso compounds have been detected in some environments. Further research on responsible agents is necessary and screening for detection of precursor gastric cancer lesions at the workplace merits consideration. PMID:12782770

Raj, A; Mayberry, J; Podas, T

2003-01-01

121

Occupational asthma in Korea.  

PubMed

Occupational asthma (OA) is the leading occupational respiratory disease. Cases compensated as OA by the Korea Workers' Compensation and Welfare Service (COMWEL) (218 cases), cases reported by a surveillance system (286 cases), case reports by related scientific journals and cases confirmed by the Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute (OSHRI) over 15 yr from 1992 to 2006 were analyzed. Annual mean incidence rate was 1.6 by compensation and 3.5 by surveillance system, respectively. The trend appeared to increase according to the surveillance system. Incidence was very low compared with other countries. The most frequently reported causative agent was isocyanate followed by reactive dye in dyeing factories. Other chemicals, metals and dust were also found as causative agents. OA was underreported according to compensation and surveillance system data. In conclusion, a more effective surveillance system is needed to evaluate OA causes and distribution, and to effectively prevent newly developing OA. PMID:21258586

Oh, Sung Soo; Kim, Kyoo Sang

2010-12-01

122

Occupational lung cancer  

SciTech Connect

The overall importance of occupational agents as a cause of lung cancer has been a controversial subject since the 1970s. A federal report, released in the late 1970s, projected a surprisingly high burden of occupational lung cancer; for asbestos and four other agents, from 61,000 to 98,000 cases annually were attributed to these agents alone. Many estimates followed, some much more conservative. For example, Doll and Peto estimated that 15% of lung cancer in men and 5% in women could be attributed to occupational exposures. A number of population-based case-control studies also provide relevant estimates. In a recent literature review, Vineis and Simonato cited attributable risk estimates for occupation and lung cancer that ranged from 4% to 40%; for asbestos alone, the estimates ranged from 1% to 5%. These estimates would be expected to vary across locations and over time. Nevertheless, these recent estimates indicate that occupation remains an important cause of lung cancer. Approaches to Prevention. Prevention of lung cancer mortality among workers exposed to agents or industrial processes that cause lung cancer may involve several strategies, including eliminating or reducing exposures, smoking cessation, screening, and chemo-prevention. For example, changes in industrial processes that have eliminated or reduced exposures to chloromethyl ethers and nickel compounds have provided evidence of reduced risk of lung cancer following these changes. Although occupational exposures are important causes of lung cancer, cigarette smoking is the most important preventable cause of lung cancer. For adults, the work site offers an important location to target smoking cessation efforts. In fact, the work site may be the only place to reach many smokers.

Coultas, D.B.; Samet, J.M. (Department of Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque (United States))

1992-06-01

123

Occupational Exposure to HIV Among Health Care Providers: A Qualitative Study in Yunnan, China  

PubMed Central

With the HIV/AIDS epidemic spreading, health care providers (HCPs) in China are facing a growing risk of occupational exposure to and infection with HIV. There is a need to describe occupational exposure cases and compliance with postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) guidelines among HCPs. Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with 33 HCPs in Yunnan Province, China. Information about occupational exposures the HCPs and their co-workers experienced was collected and analyzed using ATLAS.ti. Most occupational exposure accidents happened during emergencies, when HCPs did not have time to consider self-protection. Exposure to HIV caused exposed HCPs severe adverse psychological pressure, such as stress and anxiety. Compliance with PEP guidelines among participants was poor; barriers to better compliance were identified. This study underscored the importance of institutional support in promoting compliance with PEP guidelines among exposed providers. Further training and emphasis on universal precautions and PEP guidelines may reduce the risk of occupational infections. PMID:17641135

Lin, Chunqing; Li, Li; Wu, Zunyou; Wu, Sheng; Jia, Manhong

2009-01-01

124

Michigan State University Occupational Health  

E-print Network

Occupational Safety and Health Administration Enforcement Policy and Procedures for Occupational Exposure. Blood testing for TB may be used in place of Mantoux test or symptom review. V. Frequency of Examination

125

Environmental Studies & Ecology Sample Occupations  

E-print Network

Environmental Studies & Ecology Sample Occupations Agricultural Engineer Agronomist Animal Biologist Animal Occupations Biologist Business Owner Chemical Technician Chemist Civil Engineer Hydrologist Industrial Hygienist Intelligence Officer Journalist Land Management Specialist Land Use Analyst

Ronquist, Fredrik

126

Health Occupations Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These instructional materials consist of a series of curriculum worksheets that cover tasks to be mastered by students in health occupations cluster programs. Covered in the curriculum worksheets are diagnostic procedures; observing/recording/reporting/planning; safety; nutrition/elimination; hygiene/personal care/comfort;…

Walraven, Catherine; And Others

127

OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY PROFESSION DROPOUTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emotional process of clinical practice and the loss of expected rewards may offer an explanation for short clinical careers. Occupational therapists as they develop in their careers may experience unconscious, aversive, affective responses to the difficulties encountered with those who have severe, chronic disabilities. Additionally, they may acquire \\

Sandra Burnett-Beaulieu

1982-01-01

128

Building Industries Occupations: Syllabus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Building Industries Occupations course is a two-year program of approximately 160 three-period teaching days per year. The required course content is designed to be effectively taught in 80 percent of the total course time, thus allowing 20 percent of the time for instruction adapted to such local conditions as employment prospects, student…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

129

Occupational Diseases in Korea  

PubMed Central

Korea has industrialized since the 1970s. Pneumoconiosis in coal miners was the most common occupational disease in the 1970s to 1980s. With the industrialization, the use of many chemicals have increased since the 1970s. As a consequence, there were outbreaks of occupational diseases caused by poisonous chemicals, such as heavy metal poisoning, solvent poisoning and occupational asthma in the late 1980s and early 1990s with civil movement for democracy. Many actions have been taken for prevention by the government, employers and employees or unions. In the 1990s most chemical related diseases and pneumoconiosis have rapidly decreased due to improving work environment. In the late 1990s, cerebro-cardiovascular diseases related to job stress or work overloads have abruptly increased especially after the economic crisis in 1998. After the year 2000, musculoskeletal disorders became a major problem especially in assembly lines in the manufacturing industry and they were expanded to the service industry. Mental diseases related to job stress have increased. Infectious diseases increased in health care workers and afforestation workers. Occupational cancers are increasing because of their long latency, although the use of carcinogenic substances are reduced, limited, and even banned. PMID:21258589

Kim, Eun A

2010-01-01

130

Occupational Orientation in Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development, implementation, and field testing of Virginia's three-year Clusters Approach to Career Orientation (CACO) Project designed to generate an activity-based, across-the-board curriculum for pre-exploratory students relating to appropriateness in occupational choice. (TA)

Ressler, Ralph

1978-01-01

131

British Communicator Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Occupations and organizations within the British press and broadcasting systems are examined in this paper. Its sections summarize recent British research on media communicators and discuss characteristics of craft unions and other media organizations; the historical development of the British press; the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and…

Tunstall, Jeremy

132

Hospitality Occupations. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide on the hospitality occupations was developed to help secondary and postsecondary home economics teachers prepare individuals for entry-level jobs in the hospitality industry. The content is in seven sections. The first section presents organizational charts of a medium-size hotel, food and beverage division, housekeeping and…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of Homemaking Education.

133

Evaluating Occupational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stresses the importance of evaluating occupational programs on a regular basis. Offers a brief explanation of the approaches to program evaluation taken at the Dallas County Community College District (TX), South Puget Sound Community College (WA), and Triton College (IL). Offers a list of references on program evaluation. (CBC)

Long, James P.

1987-01-01

134

Occupational cancer in Britain  

PubMed Central

To estimate the current occupational cancer burden due to past exposures in Britain, estimates of the number of exposed workers at different levels are required, as well as risk estimates of cancer due to the exposures. This paper describes the methods and results for estimating the historical exposures. All occupational carcinogens or exposure circumstances classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer as definite or probable human carcinogens and potentially to be found in British workplaces over the past 20–40 years were included in this study. Estimates of the number of people exposed by industrial sector were based predominantly on two sources of data, the CARcinogen EXposure (CAREX) database and the UK Labour Force Survey. Where possible, multiple and overlapping exposures were taken into account. Dose–response risk estimates were generally not available in the epidemiological literature for the cancer–exposure pairs in this study, and none of the sources available for obtaining the numbers exposed provided data by different levels of exposure. Industrial sectors were therefore assigned using expert judgement to ‘higher'- and ‘lower'-exposure groups based on the similarity of exposure to the population in the key epidemiological studies from which risk estimates had been selected. Estimates of historical exposure prevalence were obtained for 41 carcinogens or occupational circumstances. These include exposures to chemicals and metals, combustion products, other mixtures or groups of chemicals, mineral and biological dusts, physical agents and work patterns, as well as occupations and industries that have been associated with increased risk of cancer, but for which the causative agents are unknown. There were more than half a million workers exposed to each of six carcinogens (radon, solar radiation, crystalline silica, mineral oils, non-arsenical insecticides and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin); other agents to which a large number of workers are exposed included benzene, diesel engine exhaust and environmental tobacco smoke. The study has highlighted several industrial sectors with large proportions of workers potentially exposed to multiple carcinogens. The relevant available data have been used to generate estimates of the prevalence of past exposure to occupational carcinogens to enable the occupational cancer burden in Britain to be estimated. These data are considered adequate for the present purpose, but new data on the prevalence and intensity of current occupational exposure to carcinogens should be collected to ensure that future policy decisions be based on reliable evidence. PMID:22710674

Van Tongeren, Martie; Jimenez, Araceli S; Hutchings, Sally J; MacCalman, Laura; Rushton, Lesley; Cherrie, John W

2012-01-01

135

Accidents in Childhood  

PubMed Central

The causes of injury to 17,141 children brought to the emergency department of a large pediatric hospital in one year were studied. The leading causes of injury were: falls, 5682; cuts or piercings, 1902; poisonings, 1597; and transportation accidents, 1368. Included in these are 587 falls on or down stairs, 401 cuts due to glass, 630 poisonings from household or workshop substances, 510 poisonings from salicylate tablets, and 449 accidents involving bicycles or tricycles. Other findings included 333 injuries to fingers or hands in doors, usually car doors; 122 instances of pulled arms; 384 ingestions and 53 inhalations of foreign bodies; 60 alleged sexual assaults, 58 chemical burns, 127 wringer injuries, and four attempted suicides. A rewarding opportunity in accident prevention exists for hospitals that undertake to compile and distribute pertinent source data. PMID:14201260

Keddy, J. Arthur

1964-01-01

136

Instructional Materials for Occupational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The resource guide of instructional materials is one of two guides developed by 84 occupational education teachers in the State of New York, each experienced with the designated high school population. The assessment instrument developed to evaluate the occupational education materials is included. The occupational education materials are grouped…

State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Cornell Inst. for Research and Development in Occupational Education.

137

Anthropometric differences among occupational groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing demands for anthropometric information for the design of machinery and personal protective equipment to prevent occupational injuries has necessitated an understanding of the anthropometric differences to be found among occupations. This study identified differences in various body measurements between occupational groups in the USA, as determined in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Approximately 16,000 of

Hongwei Hsiao; Daniel Long; Karl Snyder

2002-01-01

138

Masonry. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) for masonry occupations contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

139

Accidents at work and costs analysis: a field study in a large Italian company.  

PubMed

Accidents at work are still a heavy burden in social and economic terms, and action to improve health and safety standards at work offers great potential gains not only to employers, but also to individuals and society as a whole. However, companies often are not interested to measure the costs of accidents even if cost information may facilitate preventive occupational health and safety management initiatives. The field study, carried out in a large Italian company, illustrates technical and organisational aspects associated with the implementation of an accident costs analysis tool. The results indicate that the implementation (and the use) of the tool requires a considerable commitment by the company, that accident costs analysis should serve to reinforce the importance of health and safety prevention and that the economic dimension of accidents is substantial. The study also suggests practical ways to facilitate the implementation and the moral acceptance of the accounting technology. PMID:24869894

Battaglia, Massimo; Frey, Marco; Passetti, Emilio

2014-01-01

140

Health Occupations. Education for Employment Task Lists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The duties and tasks found in these task lists form the basis of instructional content for secondary, postsecondary, and adult occupational training programs for health occupations. The health occupations are divided into five clusters. The clusters and occupations are: health occupations, nursing occupations (home health aide, geriatric aide,…

Lake County Area Vocational Center, Grayslake, IL.

141

The situation of hazardous chemical accidents in China between 2000 and 2006.  

PubMed

From the aspects of the total quantity of accidents, regional inequality, enterprises scale and environmental pollution accidents, this study makes an analysis of hazardous chemical accidents in China for the period spanning from 2000 to 2006. The following results are obtained: firstly, there were lots of accidents and fatalities in hazardous chemical business, i.e., the number of casualty accidents fluctuated between 200 and 600/year, the number of fatality fluctuated between 220 and 1100/year. Secondly, the accident rate in developed southeast coastal areas, e.g., Guangdong, Zhejiang and Jiangsu, was far higher than that in the northwest regions, e.g., Xizang, Xinjiang, and Qinghai. Thirdly, nearly 80% of dangerous chemical accidents had occurred in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Finally, various sudden environmental pollution accidents resulted from hazardous chemicals were frequent in recent years, causing a huge damage to human and property. Then, based on the readjustment of economic structure in the last decades, the development status of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in SMEs and other factors, the paper explores the main causes, which offers valuable insight into measures that should be taken to reduce hazardous chemical accidents. PMID:21239108

Duan, Weili; Chen, Guohua; Ye, Qing; Chen, Qingguang

2011-02-28

142

Transportation Accidents Involving Radioactive Materials  

MedlinePLUS

... withstand damage. What are the main dangers of transportation accidents involving radiation? The main dangers of transportation ... the transport container. http://emergency.cdc.gov/radiation TRANSPORTATION ACCIDENTS If you believe you have been exposed, ...

143

Accident at Creswell Colliery, Derbyshire   

E-print Network

MINISTRY OF FUEL AND POWER ACCIDENT AT CRESWELL COLLIERY, DERBYSHIRE REPORT On the causes of, and the circumstances attending, the accident which occurred at Creswell Colliery, Derbyshire, on the 26th September, 1950 BY ...

Bryan, Andrew

144

49 CFR 195.50 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Reporting accidents. 195.50 Section 195.50 ...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.50 Reporting accidents. An accident report is...

2010-10-01

145

49 CFR 195.50 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Reporting accidents. 195.50 Section 195.50 ...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.50 Reporting accidents. An accident report is...

2013-10-01

146

49 CFR 195.50 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Reporting accidents. 195.50 Section 195.50 ...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.50 Reporting accidents. An accident report is...

2011-10-01

147

49 CFR 195.50 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Reporting accidents. 195.50 Section 195.50 ...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.50 Reporting accidents. An accident report is...

2012-10-01

148

49 CFR 195.50 - Reporting accidents.  

...2014-10-01 false Reporting accidents. 195.50 Section 195.50 ...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.50 Reporting accidents. An accident report is...

2014-10-01

149

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

These photographs of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 were taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:16.795 EST and 11:39:19.261 EST. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo numbers are 108-KSC-86PC-149 and 151

1986-01-01

150

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This photograph of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:40.061 est. Notice the smoke trails caused by flying debris. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo number is 108-KSC-86PC-155.

1986-01-01

151

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This photograph of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:29.927 est. Notice the smoke trails caused by flying debris. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo number is 108-KSC-86PC-154.

1986-01-01

152

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This photograph of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:16.061 est. One of the solid rocket boosters can be seen at the top of the view. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo number is 108-KSC-86PC-147.

1986-01-01

153

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

These photographs of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:28.161 EST and 11:39:29.094. Notice the smoke trails caused by flying debris (10177). The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo numbers are 108-KSC-86PC-152 and 153.

1986-01-01

154

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This photograph of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:40.861 est. Notice the smoke trails caused by flying debris. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo number is 108-KSC-86PC-156.

1986-01-01

155

Physics in Auto Accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article concerns a particular application of the fundamentals of physics with which most physicists have little contact. Some elementary physics commonly used by our law enforcement officers in the reconstruction of automobile accidents is reviewed. In particular, formulas for the determination of (a) vehicle speed through skid marks, (b) minimum speed for a vehicle skidding off-course while turning a

George Barnes

1960-01-01

156

Physics in Accident Investigations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes physics formulas which can be used by law enforcement officials to determine the possible velocity of vehicles involved in traffic accidents. These include, among others, the slide to stop-level road, slide to stop-sloping roadway, and slide to stop-two different surfaces formulas. (JN)

Brake, Mary L.

1981-01-01

157

Boating Accident Statistics  

MedlinePLUS

... District of Columbia submit accident report data to the Coast Guard for inclusion in the annual Boating Statistics publication. ... and marketing materials in this section. Photo Library The U.S. Coast Guard has provided the Image Library as a resource ...

158

TREE FAILURES AND ACCIDENTS IN  

E-print Network

TREE FAILURES AND ACCIDENTS IN RECREATION AREAS : A Guide to Data Management for Hazard Control.DEPARTMENT O F AGRICULTURE GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT PSW- 24 #12;TREE FAILURES AND ACCIDENTS IN RECREATION and accidents in recreation areas: A guide to data management for hazard control. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-24, 30 p

Standiford, Richard B.

159

UWO Vehicle ACCIDENT REPORTING FORM  

E-print Network

UWO Vehicle ­ ACCIDENT REPORTING FORM To be completed at the scene. (Important: Do not admit a detailed description of the accident and record all relevant information on this form. File this report, 1001 Brydges Street London, if necessary. Date of Accident:_______________________________ Time

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

160

Accident Report Form Victim's Name  

E-print Network

Accident Report Form Date: Victim's Name: Address: Classification: Program Area: Activity: Brief Description of Accident: Body Fluid Spill: Action Taken by DRS Employee: Witness Name: Witness Address:____________________________________ DOB: Intramurals Front Back Revision - 2011 **Location of Accident** URC North Gymnasium URC South

Amin, S. Massoud

161

Occupational Contact Dermatitis  

PubMed Central

Occupational contact dermatitis accounts for 90% of all cases of work-related cutaneous disorders. It can be divided into irritant contact dermatitis, which occurs in 80% of cases, and allergic contact dermatitis. In most cases, both types will present as eczematous lesions on exposed parts of the body, notably the hands. Accurate diagnosis relies on meticulous history taking, thorough physical examination, careful reading of Material Safety Data Sheets to distinguish between irritants and allergens, and comprehensive patch testing to confirm or rule out allergic sensitization. This article reviews the pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of occupational contact dermatitis and provides diagnostic guidelines and a rational approach to management of these often frustrating cases. PMID:20525126

2008-01-01

162

Injuries associated with cycle rickshaws accidents  

PubMed Central

Context: Cycle rickshaw is an important means of transportation in Urban India. Pedestrians, rickshaw users, rickshaw pullers, two wheeled vehicle users and cyclists are among the most vulnerable road user groups in terms of injuries and fatalities resulting from road traffic accidents in India. Our objectives were to study characteristics of crashes and nature of injuries associated with cycle rickshaw. Patients and Methods: Between August 2008 to July 2009, a hospital based observational study was done of patients who presented to King George medical college trauma center with injury sustained due to cycle rickshaw in emergency department. Age, time of trauma, mode of trauma, contributing factors and type of injury were recorded. Results: The mean age of the patient was 32.1. Seventeen patients were rickshaw pullers and the rest were occupants of the rickshaw. Overloading with more than two passengers was found in 24 cases (28.5%). Most common cause of injury was collision with a moving vehicle (56 patients, %) followed by fall from rickshaw. The most common contributing factor was the overloading of rickshaw. On arrival to the hospital, the mean Injury severity score (ISS) was 3.5 ± 2.2 and the mean Glasgow coma scale (GCS) was 13.4 ± 4.3. Nine patients were admitted to ICU (Intensive care unit). The median ICU stay was 4 (1-24 days). Six of the ICU admitted patients had head injury. Conclusion: Rickshaw pullers and occupants are vulnerable to road traffic accidents. Urgent preventive measures targeted towards this group are needed to reduce the morbidity and mortality resulting from injuries involving rickshaws. The need for improved understanding of the risk characteristics of cycle rickshaw is emphasized. PMID:24812450

Meena, Sanjay; Barwar, Nilesh; Rastogi, Devarshi; Sharma, Vineet

2014-01-01

163

Approach to accident management in RBMK-1500  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to ensure the safe operation of the nuclear power plants accident management programs are being developed around the world. These accident management programs cover the whole spectrum of accidents, including severe accidents. A lot of work is done to investigate the severe accident phenomena and implement severe accident management in NPPs with vessel-type reactors, while less attention is

A. Kaliatka; E. Urbonavicius; E. Uspuras

2008-01-01

164

Applying STAMP in Accident Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Accident models play a critical role in accident investigation and analysis. Most traditional models are based on an underlying chain of events. These models, however, have serious limitations when used for complex, socio-technical systems. Previously, Leveson proposed a new accident model (STAMP) based on system theory. In STAMP, the basic concept is not an event but a constraint. This paper shows how STAMP can be applied to accident analysis using three different views or models of the accident process and proposes a notation for describing this process.

Leveson, Nancy; Daouk, Mirna; Dulac, Nicolas; Marais, Karen

2003-01-01

165

Aircraft accidents : method of analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The revised report includes the chart for the analysis of aircraft accidents, combining consideration of the immediate causes, underlying causes, and results of accidents, as prepared by the special committee, with a number of the definitions clarified. A brief statement of the organization and work of the special committee and of the Committee on Aircraft Accidents; and statistical tables giving a comparison of the types of accidents and causes of accidents in the military services on the one hand and in civil aviation on the other, together with explanations of some of the important differences noted in these tables.

1931-01-01

166

Occupational health and safety management in small and medium-sized enterprises: An overview of the situation in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to present an overview of the situation of occupational health and safety management in small and medium size enterprises (SMEs) to gain information related to employment, welfare and health facilities, health education, accident statistics, occupational health and safety management and safety activities. A self-administered questionnaire was developed, comprising check-box questions and open-ended questions. The targeted industries were

Pornpimol Kongtip; Witaya Yoosook; Suttinun Chantanakul

2008-01-01

167

Tractor accidents in Swedish traffic.  

PubMed

The objective of this study is to reach a better understanding of accidents on Swedish roads involving tractors and to suggest ways of preventing them. In an earlier study we analyzed police-reported fatal accidents and accidents that led to physical injuries from 1992 to 2005. During each year of this period, tractors were involved in 128 traffic accidents on average, an average of 7 people were killed, 44 sustained serious injuries, and 143 sustained slight injuries. The number of fatalities in these tractor accidents was about 1.3% of all deaths in traffic accidents in Sweden. Cars were most often involved in the tractor accidents (58%) and 15% were single vehicle accidents. The mean age of the tractor driver involved was 39.8 years and young drivers (15-24 years) were overrepresented (30%). We are now increasing the data collected with the years 2006-2010 in order to study the changes in the number of accidents. Special attention will be given to the younger drivers and to single vehicle accidents. Based on the results we aim to develop suggestions for reducing road accidents, e.g. including measures for making farm vehicles more visible and improvement of the training provided at driving schools. PMID:22317543

Pinzke, Stefan; Nilsson, Kerstin; Lundqvist, Peter

2012-01-01

168

[Heliogeophysical factors and aviation accidents].  

PubMed

It was shown by two independent methods that there is a certain correlation between the number of aviation accidents and heliogeophysical factors. The statistical and spectral analyses of time series of heliogeomagnetic factors and the number of aviation accidents in 1989-1995 showed that, of 216 accidents, 58% are related to sudden geomagnetic storms. A similar relation was revealed for aviation catastrophes (64% out of 86 accidents) and emergencies (54% out of 130 accidents) that coincided in time with heliogeomagnetic storms. General periodicities of the series were revealed by the method of spectral analysis, namely, cycles of 30, 42, 46, 64, 74, 83, 99, 115, 143, 169, 339 days, which confirms the causative relation between the number of aviation accidents and heliogeomagnetic factors. It is assumed that some aviation accidents that coincided in time with geomagnetic storms, are due to changes in professional abilities of pilots that were in the zone of storms. PMID:9783079

Komarov, F I; Oraevski?, V N; Sizov, Iu P; Tsirul'nik, L B; Kanonidi, Kh D; Ushakov, I B; Shalimov, P M; Kimlyk, M V; Glukhov, D V

1998-01-01

169

Occupational Sex Segregation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a Sociology class for undergraduate students. This activity looks as gender and occupation over time in the United States. This activity uses one customized data sets made from combining census information from 1970-1990. It guides students through data manipulation using WebCHIP software found at DataCounts!. To open WebCHIP with the dataset for the activity, please see instructions and links in the exercise documents under teaching materials. For more information on how to use WebCHIP, see the How To section on DataCounts!

Theodore Fuller

170

Occupational Health for Healthcare Providers  

MedlinePLUS

... prevention practices. They can reduce your risk of health problems. Use protective equipment, follow infection control guidelines, ... manage stress. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

171

Occupational health problems among migrant and seasonal farm workers.  

PubMed Central

Migrant and seasonal farm workers are one of the most underserved and understudied populations in the United States. The total US population of such farm workers has been estimated at 5 million, of whom about 20% live or work in California. Farm workers perform strenuous tasks and are exposed to a wide variety of occupational risks and hazards. Low socioeconomic status and poor access to health care also contribute to existing health problems in this population. Potential farm work-related health problems include accidents, pesticide-related illnesses, musculoskeletal and soft-tissue disorders, dermatitis, noninfectious respiratory conditions, reproductive health problems, health problems of children of farm workers, climate-caused illnesses, communicable diseases, bladder and kidney disorders, and eye and ear problems. Few epidemiologic studies exist of these occupational health problems. No comprehensive epidemiologic studies have assessed the magnitude of occupational health problems among migrant and seasonal farm workers and their dependents. Although the migratory nature of this population makes long-term studies difficult, the development of standardized data collection instruments for health consequences and scientific assessment of farm work exposures and working conditions are vital to characterize and reduce the occupational health risks in farm workers. PMID:1413786

Mobed, K; Gold, E B; Schenker, M B

1992-01-01

172

Occupational asthma and occupational rhinitis: The united airways disease model revisited  

E-print Network

1 Occupational asthma and occupational rhinitis: The united airways disease model revisited Jacques number: +33147107754; Fax number:+33147107768 Key words: occupational asthma, occupational rhinitis, high) Objectives: Whereas accumulating evidence indicates close associations between rhinitis and asthma, little

Boyer, Edmond

173

Precision Machining Technologies. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), which is one of a series of OCAPs developed to identify the skills that Ohio employers deem necessary to entering a given occupation/occupational area, lists the occupational, academic, and employability skills required of individuals entering the occupation of precision machinist. The…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

174

Instructional Support System--Occupational Education. Building Industries Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The modules which make up the bulk of this report are the result of a two-week workshop at which thirteen building industries occupations teachers worked toward the development of a student outcome oriented curriculum. These modules are divided into the following occupational units: (1) carpentry (containing hand tools; portable power tools;…

Abramson, Theodore; And Others

175

Dose - response relationship between noise exposure and the risk of occupational injury.  

PubMed

Many workers worldwide experience fatality and disability caused by occupational injuries. This study examined the relationship between noise exposure and occupational injuries at factories in Korea. A total of 1790 factories located in northern Gyeonggi Province, Korea was evaluated. The time-weighted average levels of dust and noise exposure were taken from Workplace Exposure Assessment data. Apart occupational injuries, sports events, traffic accidents, and other accidents occurring outside workplaces were excluded. The incidences of occupational injury in each factory were calculated by data from the Korea Workers' Compensation and Welfare Services. Workplaces were classified according to the incidence of any occupational injuries (incident or nonincident workplaces, respectively). Workplace dust exposure was classified as <1 or ?1 mg/m 3 , and noise exposure as <80, 80-89, or >90 dB. Workplaces with high noise exposure were significantly associated with being incident workplaces, whereas workplaces with high dust exposure were not. The odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) derived from a logistic regression model were 1.68 (1.27-2.24) and 3.42 (2.26-5.17) at 80-89 dB and ?90 dB versus <80 dB. These associations remained significant when in a separate analysis according to high or low dust exposure level. Noise exposure increases the risk of occupational injury in the workplace. Furthermore, the risk of occupational injury increases with noise exposure level in a dose-response relationship. Therefore, strategies for reducing noise exposure level are required to decrease the risk of occupational injury. PMID:25599757

Yoon, Jin-Ha; Hong, Jeong-Suk; Roh, Jaehoon; Kim, Chi-Nyon; Won, Jong-Uk

2015-01-01

176

An Exploration of the Role of Occupation in School-Based Occupational Therapy Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the role of occupation in school-based occupational therapy practice. The research questions were (1) How do school-based occupational therapists describe the role of occupation during intervention? (2) Which theories of occupation do school-based occupational therapists associate with their own practice?…

Benson, Jeryl DiSanti

2010-01-01

177

49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. 835...BOARD EMPLOYEES § 835.11 Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and...

2011-10-01

178

49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. 835...BOARD EMPLOYEES § 835.11 Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and...

2014-10-01

179

49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. 835...BOARD EMPLOYEES § 835.11 Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and...

2010-10-01

180

49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. 835...BOARD EMPLOYEES § 835.11 Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and...

2013-10-01

181

49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. 835...BOARD EMPLOYEES § 835.11 Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and...

2012-10-01

182

Occupational Interstitial Lung Disease Update  

Microsoft Academic Search

Overview Occupational exposures produce a wide range of interstitial lung disorders. Occupational etiologies account for a significant portion of all interstitial lung disease (ILD), and new causes continue to be described. All of these disorders are preventable with the reduction or elimination of workplace exposure. This chapter highlights the common, persistent diseases that continue to plague workers globally, as well

Lee S. Newman

183

Manpower in Oklahoma: Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a survey of Oklahoma business designed to develop occupational data for the present and future, 300 occupations were selected and 11 schedules prepared to reflect various types of firms. The schedule concerning medical and other health services facilities was sent to nearly 200 firms and institutions and usable information was received from…

DeSpain, Don

184

NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY (NOES)  

EPA Science Inventory

From 1981 to 1983, NIOSH conducted the National Occupational Exposure Survey (NOES) that collected data on potential occupational exposures to chemical, physical, and biological agents. The survey involved on-site visits to 4,490 establishments in 522 industry types [OMB 1972] em...

185

Suicide and Occupation: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the literature dealing with the relation of occupation to suicide for three occupational categories: health care providers, managerial and professional persons, and military and paramilitary personnel. Presents evidence relating to group differences in suicidal behavior. Considers theories explaining variations in incidence of suicide.…

Bedeian, Arthur G.

1982-01-01

186

NATIONAL TRAUMATIC OCCUPATIONAL FATALITIES (NTOF)  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) surveillance system is a death certificate-based census of occupational injury deaths. Death certificates are obtained from the 50 States, New York City, and the District of Columbia for decedent's ages 16 years or older with ...

187

Electronics. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

188

Agricultural Occupations Program Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major program objectives of agricultural occupations courses are (1) to develop agricultural competencies needed by individuals engaged in or preparing to engage in production agriculture, and in agricultural occupations other than production agriculture; (2) to develop an understanding of the career opportunities in agriculture; (3) to…

Hemp, Paul E.; Mayer, Leon

189

Carpentry. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

190

CAREER GUIDE FOR DEMAND OCCUPATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PUBLICATION UPDATES THE "CAREER GUIDE FOR DEMAND OCCUPATIONS" PUBLISHED IN 1959 AND PROVIDES COUNSELORS WITH INFORMATION ABOUT OCCUPATIONS IN DEMAND IN MANY AREAS WHICH REQUIRE PREEMPLOYMENT TRAINING. IT PRESENTS, IN COLUMN FORM, THE EDUCATION AND OTHER TRAINING USUALLY REQUIRED BY EMPLOYERS, HIGH SCHOOL SUBJECTS OF PARTICULAR PERTINENCE TO…

LEE, E.R.; WELCH, JOHN L.

191

Occupational factors and pancreatic cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relation between occupational factors and pancreatic cancer has been studied by two different approaches: a population based case-control study with two series of controls and a retrospective cohort study based on register data. With both approaches, some support was found for an association with occupational exposure to petroleum products. Associations were also indicated with exposure to paint thinner (case-control

S Norell; A Ahlbom; R Olin; R Erwald; G Jacobson; I Lindberg-Navier; K L Wiechel

1986-01-01

192

76 FR 20489 - Occupational Radiation Protection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 1992-AA-45 Occupational Radiation Protection...in appendix C to its Occupational Radiation Protection...FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dr. Judith Foulke...10 CFR part 835), Occupational Radiation Protection...Immersion in a Cloud of Airborne Radioactive...

2011-04-13

193

76 FR 4258 - Occupational Radiation Protection; Revision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 1901-AA-95 Occupational Radiation Protection...an appendix to its Occupational Radiation Protection...FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Judith Foulke...10 CFR part 835), Occupational Radiation Protection...Immersion in a Cloud of Airborne Radioactive...

2011-01-25

194

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics Occupational Health  

E-print Network

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health Student Handbook Regulations contained in this brochure pertain to the Graduate Programs in Epidemiology, Biostatistics, Public Health & Occupational Health 2014/2015 #12;Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health 2014-2015 Student

Shoubridge, Eric

195

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics Occupational Health  

E-print Network

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health Student Handbook Regulations contained in this brochure pertain to the Graduate Programs in Epidemiology, Biostatistics & Occupational Health 2010-2011 #12;Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health 2010-2011 Student Handbook TABLE

Barthelat, Francois

196

Occupational cyanide poisoning.  

PubMed

Cyanide poisoning has existed for centuries. In most cases, cyanide is combined with other toxic substances; for example with carbon monoxide in fire smoke. Cases of pure cyanide poisoning are rare, and usually due to accidental exposure. Their treatment is based on oxygenation and the infusion of hydroxocobalamin. The seriousness of this type of poisoning calls for a rapid and specific response, which demonstrates the usefulness of non-hospital based medical treatment. The authors report here the case of a man who was the victim of occupational poisoning with sodium cyanide and who was treated at the workplace by fire-fighters and the Service Mobile d'Urgence et Reanimation emergency ambulance service. PMID:22674698

Amizet, Loic; Pruvot, Gauthier; Remy, Sophie; Kfoury, Michel

2011-01-01

197

Gender, Occupation and Earnings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a Problems in American Institutions class for undergraduate students. This activity explores impacts of gender on occupation and earnings in the United States. This activity uses a customized data set made from the 2000 Census. It provides students with data tables to analyze. There are two handouts to introduce second module used in class: Hand-out 1 is given at beginning of class; students discuss tables and write brief summaries -entire class period spent teaching how to talk and write about findings; develop idea of control variable. Hand-out 2 is passed out at end of class. Students are asked to review write-up following day, given a quiz asking them to describe set of tables; module distributed afterward.

Bouma, Jill

198

Occupational ergonomics in space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ergonomics is often defined simply as the study of work. Related or synonymous terms include human factors, human engineering, engineering psychology, and others. Occupational ergonomics is a term that has been proposed to describe the study of the working environment, including the physical consequences resulting from having an improperly designed workplace. The routine space working environment presents some problems not found in the typical Earthbound workplace. These include radiation, intravehicular contamination/pollution, temperature extremes, impact with other objects, limited psychosocial relationships, sensory deprivation, and reduced gravity. These are important workplace considerations, and may affect astronauts either directly at work or at some point during their life as a result of their work under these conditions. Some of the major issues associated with each of these hazards are presented.

Stramler, J.

1992-01-01

199

[Chronic occupational metallic mercurialism].  

PubMed

This is a review on current knowledge of chronic occupational mercurialism syndrome. Major scientific studies and reviews on clinical manifestation and physiopathology of mercury poisoning were evaluated. The search was complemented using Medline and Lilacs data. Erethism or neuropsychological syndrome, characterized by irritability, personality change, loss of self-confidence, depression, delirium, insomnia, apathy, loss of memory, headaches, general pain, and tremors, is seen after exposure to metallic mercury. Hypertension, renal disturbances, allergies and immunological conditions are also common. Mercury is found in many different work processes: industries, gold mining, and dentistry. As prevention measures are not often adopted there is an increasing risk of mercury poisoning. The disease has been under diagnosed even though 16 clinical forms of mercury poisoning are described by Brazilian regulations. Clinical diagnosis is important, especially because abnormalities in the central nervous, renal and immunological systems can be detected using current medical technology, helping to develop the knowledge and control measures for mercurialism. PMID:12488928

Faria, Marcília de Araújo Medrado

2003-02-01

200

Occupational cyanide poisoning  

PubMed Central

Cyanide poisoning has existed for centuries. In most cases, cyanide is combined with other toxic substances; for example with carbon monoxide in fire smoke. Cases of pure cyanide poisoning are rare, and usually due to accidental exposure. Their treatment is based on oxygenation and the infusion of hydroxocobalamin. The seriousness of this type of poisoning calls for a rapid and specific response, which demonstrates the usefulness of non-hospital based medical treatment. The authors report here the case of a man who was the victim of occupational poisoning with sodium cyanide and who was treated at the workplace by fire-fighters and the Service Mobile d’Urgence et Reanimation emergency ambulance service. PMID:22674698

Amizet, Loic; Pruvot, Gauthier; Remy, Sophie; Kfoury, Michel

2011-01-01

201

Occupation and multiple myeloma: an occupation and industry analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable plasma cell malignancy with a poorly understood etiology. The purpose of our research was to examine relationships between lifetime occupations and MM in a relatively large case-control study. Methods MM cases (n=180) were identified through cancer registries in the Seattle-Puget Sound area and Detroit. Population-based controls (n=481) were identified using random digit dialing and Medicare and Medicaid Services files. In-person interviews were conducted to ascertain occupational histories. Standard occupational classification (SOC) and standard industrial classification (SIC) codes were assigned to each job held by each participant. Unconditional logistic regression was used to generate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for associations between MM and having ever worked in each occupation/industry and according to duration of employment in an occupation/industry. Results The risk of MM was associated with several manufacturing occupations and industries, including machine operators and tenders, not elsewhere classified (SOC 76) (OR=1.8, CI=1.0–3.3); textile, apparel, and furnishing machine operators and tenders (SOC 765) (OR=6.0, CI=1.7–21); and machinery manufacturing, except electrical (SIC 35) (OR=3.3, CI=1.7–6.7). Several service occupations and industries, such as food and beverage preparation (SOC 521) (OR=2.0, CI=1.1–3.8), were also associated with MM. One occupation that has been associated with MM in several previous studies, painters, paperhangers, and plasterers (SOC 644), was associated with a non–significantly elevated risk (OR=3.6, CI=0.7–19). Conclusions We found associations between the risk of MM and employment in several manufacturing and service-related occupations and industries. PMID:20623662

Gold, Laura S; Milliken, Kevin; Stewart, Patricia; Purdue, Mark; Severson, Richard; Seixas, Noah; Blair, Aaron; Davis, Scott; Hartge, Patricia; De Roos, Anneclaire J

2011-01-01

202

49 CFR 195.54 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident reports. 195.54 Section 195...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.54 Accident reports. (a) Each operator...

2011-10-01

203

49 CFR 845.40 - Accident report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident report. 845.40 Section 845...RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRANSPORTATION; ACCIDENT/INCIDENT HEARINGS AND REPORTS Board Reports § 845.40 Accident report. (a) The Board will...

2013-10-01

204

28 CFR 301.106 - Repetitious accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Repetitious accidents. 301.106 Section 301.106 ...INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION General § 301.106 Repetitious accidents. If an inmate worker is involved...

2010-07-01

205

49 CFR 230.22 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident reports. 230.22 Section 230.22 Transportation... Recordkeeping Requirements § 230.22 Accident reports. In the case of an accident due to failure, from any cause, of...

2011-10-01

206

28 CFR 301.106 - Repetitious accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Repetitious accidents. 301.106 Section 301.106 ...INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION General § 301.106 Repetitious accidents. If an inmate worker is involved...

2011-07-01

207

49 CFR 230.22 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident reports. 230.22 Section 230.22 Transportation... Recordkeeping Requirements § 230.22 Accident reports. In the case of an accident due to failure, from any cause, of...

2013-10-01

208

49 CFR 195.54 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident reports. 195.54 Section 195...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.54 Accident reports. (a) Each operator...

2010-10-01

209

49 CFR 195.54 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident reports. 195.54 Section 195...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.54 Accident reports. (a) Each operator...

2013-10-01

210

22 CFR 102.8 - Reporting accidents.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Reporting accidents. 102.8 Section 102.8 Foreign Relations... CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad § 102.8 Reporting accidents. (a) To airline and Civil...

2014-04-01

211

49 CFR 195.54 - Accident reports.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident reports. 195.54 Section 195...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.54 Accident reports. (a) Each operator...

2014-10-01

212

49 CFR 845.40 - Accident report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident report. 845.40 Section 845...RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRANSPORTATION; ACCIDENT/INCIDENT HEARINGS AND REPORTS Board Reports § 845.40 Accident report. (a) The Board will...

2012-10-01

213

48 CFR 36.513 - Accident prevention.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident prevention. 36.513 Section 36...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 36.513 Accident prevention. (a) The contracting...shall insert the clause at 52.236-13, Accident Prevention, in...

2014-10-01

214

49 CFR 195.54 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident reports. 195.54 Section 195...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.54 Accident reports. (a) Each operator...

2012-10-01

215

28 CFR 301.106 - Repetitious accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Repetitious accidents. 301.106 Section 301.106 ...INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION General § 301.106 Repetitious accidents. If an inmate worker is involved...

2013-07-01

216

22 CFR 102.8 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reporting accidents. 102.8 Section 102.8 Foreign Relations... CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad § 102.8 Reporting accidents. (a) To airline and Civil...

2012-04-01

217

22 CFR 102.8 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Reporting accidents. 102.8 Section 102.8 Foreign Relations... CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad § 102.8 Reporting accidents. (a) To airline and Civil...

2013-04-01

218

49 CFR 845.40 - Accident report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident report. 845.40 Section 845...RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRANSPORTATION; ACCIDENT/INCIDENT HEARINGS AND REPORTS Board Reports § 845.40 Accident report. (a) The Board will...

2011-10-01

219

49 CFR 230.22 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident reports. 230.22 Section 230.22 Transportation... Recordkeeping Requirements § 230.22 Accident reports. In the case of an accident due to failure, from any cause, of...

2012-10-01

220

28 CFR 301.106 - Repetitious accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Repetitious accidents. 301.106 Section 301.106 ...INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION General § 301.106 Repetitious accidents. If an inmate worker is involved...

2012-07-01

221

49 CFR 845.40 - Accident report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident report. 845.40 Section 845...RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRANSPORTATION; ACCIDENT/INCIDENT HEARINGS AND REPORTS Board Reports § 845.40 Accident report. (a) The Board will...

2010-10-01

222

28 CFR 301.106 - Repetitious accidents.  

... 2014-07-01 false Repetitious accidents. 301.106 Section 301.106 ...INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION General § 301.106 Repetitious accidents. If an inmate worker is involved...

2014-07-01

223

22 CFR 102.8 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reporting accidents. 102.8 Section 102.8 Foreign Relations... CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad § 102.8 Reporting accidents. (a) To airline and Civil...

2010-04-01

224

49 CFR 230.22 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident reports. 230.22 Section 230.22 Transportation... Recordkeeping Requirements § 230.22 Accident reports. In the case of an accident due to failure, from any cause, of...

2010-10-01

225

22 CFR 102.8 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reporting accidents. 102.8 Section 102.8 Foreign Relations... CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad § 102.8 Reporting accidents. (a) To airline and Civil...

2011-04-01

226

49 CFR 845.40 - Accident report.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident report. 845.40 Section 845...RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRANSPORTATION; ACCIDENT/INCIDENT HEARINGS AND REPORTS Board Reports § 845.40 Accident report. (a) The Board will...

2014-10-01

227

48 CFR 1836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 true Accident prevention. 1836.513 Section 1836...Contract Clauses 1836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer...FAR clause 52.236-13, Accident Prevention, and its Alternate I....

2010-10-01

228

Probability of spent fuel transportation accidents  

SciTech Connect

The transported volume of spent fuel, incident/accident experience and accident environment probabilities were reviewed in order to provide an estimate of spent fuel accident probabilities. In particular, the accident review assessed the accident experience for large casks of the type that could transport spent (irradiated) nuclear fuel. This review determined that since 1971, the beginning of official US Department of Transportation record keeping for accidents/incidents, there has been one spent fuel transportation accident. This information, coupled with estimated annual shipping volumes for spent fuel, indicated an estimated annual probability of a spent fuel transport accident of 5 x 10/sup -7/ spent fuel accidents per mile. This is consistent with ordinary truck accident rates. A comparison of accident environments and regulatory test environments suggests that the probability of truck accidents exceeding regulatory test for impact is approximately 10/sup -9//mile.

McClure, J. D.

1981-07-01

229

An Examination of Aviation Accidents Associated with Turbulence, Wind Shear and Thunderstorm  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The focal point of the study reported here was the definition and examination of turbulence, wind shear and thunderstorm in relation to aviation accidents. NASA project management desired this information regarding distinct subgroups of atmospheric hazards, in order to better focus their research portfolio. A seven category expansion of Kaplan's turbulence categories was developed, which included wake turbulence, mountain wave turbulence, clear air turbulence, cloud turbulence, convective turbulence, thunderstorm without mention of turbulence, and low altitude wind shear, microburst or turbulence (with no mention of thunderstorms).More than 800 accidents from flights based in the United States during 1987-2008 were selected from a National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) database. Accidents were selected for inclusion in this study if turbulence, thunderstorm, wind shear or microburst was considered either a cause or a factor in the accident report, and each accident was assigned to only one hazard category. This report summarizes the differences between the categories in terms of factors such as flight operations category, aircraft engine type, the accident's geographic location and time of year, degree of injury to aircraft occupants, aircraft damage, age and certification of the pilot and the phase of flight at the time of the accident.

Evans, Joni K.

2013-01-01

230

Analysis of traffic accidents on rural highways using Latent Class Clustering and Bayesian Networks.  

PubMed

One of the principal objectives of traffic accident analyses is to identify key factors that affect the severity of an accident. However, with the presence of heterogeneity in the raw data used, the analysis of traffic accidents becomes difficult. In this paper, Latent Class Cluster (LCC) is used as a preliminary tool for segmentation of 3229 accidents on rural highways in Granada (Spain) between 2005 and 2008. Next, Bayesian Networks (BNs) are used to identify the main factors involved in accident severity for both, the entire database (EDB) and the clusters previously obtained by LCC. The results of these cluster-based analyses are compared with the results of a full-data analysis. The results show that the combined use of both techniques is very interesting as it reveals further information that would not have been obtained without prior segmentation of the data. BN inference is used to obtain the variables that best identify accidents with killed or seriously injured. Accident type and sight distance have been identify in all the cases analysed; other variables such as time, occupant involved or age are identified in EDB and only in one cluster; whereas variables vehicles involved, number of injuries, atmospheric factors, pavement markings and pavement width are identified only in one cluster. PMID:23182777

de Oña, Juan; López, Griselda; Mujalli, Randa; Calvo, Francisco J

2013-03-01

231

A review of Army Air Corps helicopter accidents, 1971-1982.  

PubMed

A comprehensive review of helicopter accident data from ACC sources is presented for the period 1971-1982. Accident and fatality rates have declined from the high values quoted in earlier studies in the 1960's and are now similar to those of fixed wing aircraft equipped with ejection seats. This improvement is related to the replacement of older reciprocating engined helicopters by turbine powered units and parallel progress in helicopter design, aircraft servicing, and pilot training. AAC accident rates now compare extremely favourably with information from civilian sources, though fatality rates are similar. Pilot error remains the main cause of accidents (75%). Particular attention is paid to subsidiary aetiologies such as tail rotor strikes, disorientation, and ground accidents. Helicopter accidents involving fatalities on Operation Corporate are mentioned briefly. Methods whereby occupant protection and aircraft crashworthiness can be improved are covered and it is concluded that assisted escape, although an ideal solution, is by no means an urgent requirement for helicopters, in view of the dramatic reduction in accident and fatality rates. PMID:4004673

Vyrnwy-Jones, P

1985-05-01

232

START-UP ACCIDENT ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

S>Analog computer studies are made of two main areas of interest during ; a start-up accident; the ability of drivedown circuitry to shut down the reactor ; before reaching the power range, and the self shut-down characteristics of the ; reactor if the accident progresses into the power range. The results indicate ; that period drivedown circuitry would have to

MacNaughton

1958-01-01

233

Deterministic accident analysis for RBMK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the framework of an European Commission sponsored activity, an assessment of the deterministic safety technology of the ‘post-Chernobyl modernized’ Reactor Bolshoy Moshchnosty Kipyashiy (RBMK) has been completed. The accident analysis, limited to the area of Design Basis Accident, constituted the key subject for the study; events not including the primary circuit were not considered, as well as events originated

F. D’Auria; B. Gabaraev; S. Soloviev; O. Novoselsky; A. Moskalev; E. Uspuras; G. M. Galassi; C. Parisi; A. Petrov; V. Radkevich; L. Parafilo; D. Kryuchkov

2008-01-01

234

First Responders and Criticality Accidents  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear criticality accident descriptions typically include, but do not focus on, information useful to first responders. We studied these accidents, noting characteristics to help (1) first responders prepare for such an event and (2) emergency drill planners develop appropriate simulations for training. We also provide recommendations to help people prepare for such events in the future.

Valerie L. Putman; Douglas M. Minnema

2005-11-01

235

ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF ACCIDENT LAW  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accident law is the body of legal rules governing the ability of victims of harm to sue and to collect payments from those who injured them. This paper contains the chapters on accident law from a general, forthcoming book, Foundations of Economic Analysis of Law (Harvard University Press, 2003). The analysis is first concerned (chapters 2-4) with the influence of

Steven Shavell

2003-01-01

236

German aircraft accident statistics, 1930  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The investigation of all serious accidents, involving technical defects in the airplane or engine, is undertaken by the D.V.L. in conjunction with the imperial traffic minister and other interested parties. All accidents not clearly explained in the reports are subsequently cleared up.

Weitzmann, Ludwig

1932-01-01

237

Occupational risks associated with cigarette smoking: a prospective study.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND. Studies have indicated that cigarette smokers have more occupational accidents and injuries and use more sick time and health benefits than nonsmokers, thereby producing sizeable costs for employers. However, they usually have not controlled for other possible sources of these costs. We analyzed occupational costs associated with smoking while adjusting for a number of potential confounders. METHODS. We conducted a prospective, controlled study of the association between smoking and employment outcomes in 2537 postal employees, adjusting for age, gender, race, drug use, job category, and exercise habits. RESULTS. For smokers, the relative risk for turnover was 1.01 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.83-1.21); for accidents 1.29 (CI, 1.07-1.55); for injuries 1.40 (CI, 1.11-1.77); for discipline 1.55 (CI, 1.19-2.02). Their mean absence rate was 5.43% compared with 4.06% for nonsmokers. CONCLUSIONS. Our study shows that cigarette smoking is associated with adverse employment outcomes after controlling for a number of possible confounders. This finding has implications for companies formulating smoking policies and considering the establishment of smoking cessation programs. PMID:1536330

Ryan, J; Zwerling, C; Orav, E J

1992-01-01

238

Occupation and cancer in Britain  

PubMed Central

Background: Prioritising control measures for occupationally related cancers should be evidence based. We estimated the current burden of cancer in Britain attributable to past occupational exposures for International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) group 1 (established) and 2A (probable) carcinogens. Methods: We calculated attributable fractions and numbers for cancer mortality and incidence using risk estimates from the literature and national data sources to estimate proportions exposed. Results: 5.3% (8019) cancer deaths were attributable to occupation in 2005 (men, 8.2% (6362); women, 2.3% (1657)). Attributable incidence estimates are 13?679 (4.0%) cancer registrations (men, 10?063 (5.7%); women, 3616 (2.2%)). Occupational attributable fractions are over 2% for mesothelioma, sinonasal, lung, nasopharynx, breast, non-melanoma skin cancer, bladder, oesophagus, soft tissue sarcoma, larynx and stomach cancers. Asbestos, shift work, mineral oils, solar radiation, silica, diesel engine exhaust, coal tars and pitches, occupation as a painter or welder, dioxins, environmental tobacco smoke, radon, tetrachloroethylene, arsenic and strong inorganic mists each contribute 100 or more registrations. Industries and occupations with high cancer registrations include construction, metal working, personal and household services, mining, land transport, printing/publishing, retail/hotels/restaurants, public administration/defence, farming and several manufacturing sectors. 56% of cancer registrations in men are attributable to work in the construction industry (mainly mesotheliomas, lung, stomach, bladder and non-melanoma skin cancers) and 54% of cancer registrations in women are attributable to shift work (breast cancer). Conclusion: This project is the first to quantify in detail the burden of cancer and mortality due to occupation specifically for Britain. It highlights the impact of occupational exposures, together with the occupational circumstances and industrial areas where exposures to carcinogenic agents occurred in the past, on population cancer morbidity and mortality; this can be compared with the impact of other causes of cancer. Risk reduction strategies should focus on those workplaces where such exposures are still occurring. PMID:20424618

Rushton, L; Bagga, S; Bevan, R; Brown, T P; Cherrie, J W; Holmes, P; Fortunato, L; Slack, R; Van Tongeren, M; Young, C; Hutchings, S J

2010-01-01

239

Industrial accidents triggered by lightning.  

PubMed

Natural disasters can cause major accidents in chemical facilities where they can lead to the release of hazardous materials which in turn can result in fires, explosions or toxic dispersion. Lightning strikes are the most frequent cause of major accidents triggered by natural events. In order to contribute towards the development of a quantitative approach for assessing lightning risk at industrial facilities, lightning-triggered accident case histories were retrieved from the major industrial accident databases and analysed to extract information on types of vulnerable equipment, failure dynamics and damage states, as well as on the final consequences of the event. The most vulnerable category of equipment is storage tanks. Lightning damage is incurred by immediate ignition, electrical and electronic systems failure or structural damage with subsequent release. Toxic releases and tank fires tend to be the most common scenarios associated with lightning strikes. Oil, diesel and gasoline are the substances most frequently released during lightning-triggered Natech accidents. PMID:20817399

Renni, Elisabetta; Krausmann, Elisabeth; Cozzani, Valerio

2010-12-15

240

Characteristics of 167 consecutive traffic accident victims with special reference to alcohol intoxication: A prospective emergency room study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This prospective study examined the characteristics of 167 consecutive traffic accident victims admitted to the emergency room of a major Swiss hospital with particular attention to the presence of a detectable blood alcohol concentration (BAC). The majority of the study population were male (71%), 16–29 years of age (56%) and occupants of an automobile or motorcycle (70%). Most patients

Danielle Wyss; Laurent Rivier; Hans Ruedi Gujer; Fred Paccaud; Pierre Magnenat; Bertrand Yersin

1990-01-01

241

Cognitive Processing Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Secondary to a Motor Vehicle Accident: A Single-Subject Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) are fairly common occurrences in all developed countries. Although only a small percentage of total MVAs result in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the high base rate in the population has resulted in the estimation that MVAs are the leading cause of PTSD in the United States. Occupations that require…

Galovski, Tara E.; Resick, Patricia A.

2008-01-01

242

Occupancy Models to Study Wildlife  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Many wildlife studies seek to understand changes or differences in the proportion of sites occupied by a species of interest. These studies are hampered by imperfect detection of these species, which can result in some sites appearing to be unoccupied that are actually occupied. Occupancy models solve this problem and produce unbiased estimates of occupancy and related parameters. Required data (detection/non-detection information) are relatively simple and inexpensive to collect. Software is available free of charge to aid investigators in occupancy estimation.

Bailey, Larissa; Adams, Michael John

2005-01-01

243

Wanted: entrepreneurs in occupational therapy.  

PubMed

The American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) has challenged occupational therapy practitioners to advance the profession so that we may become more "powerful" and "widely recognized" by the year 2017 (AOTA, 2007a). To fully achieve this vision, this article argues that the profession should encourage occupational therapy entrepreneurship. As Herz, Bondoc, Richmond, Richman, and Kroll (2005, p.2) stated, "Entrepreneurship may provide us with the means to achieve the outcomes we need to succeed in the current health care environment." This article also argues the urgency of seizing the many opportunities that entrepreneurship offers and recommends specific actions to be taken by AOTA and by therapists. PMID:21476371

Anderson, Kristin M; Nelson, David L

2011-01-01

244

[News on occupational contact dermatitis].  

PubMed

Contact dermatitis--irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis and protein contact dermatitis--are the most common occupational skin diseases, most often localized to the hands. Contact urticaria is rarer The main occupational irritants are wet work, detergents and disinfectants, cutting oils, and solvents. The main occupational allergens are rubber additives, metals (chromium, nickel, cobalt), plastics (epoxy resins, acrylic), biocides and plants. Diagnosis is based on clinical examination, medical history and allergy testing. For a number of irritating or sensitizing agents, irritant or allergic dermatitis can be notified as occupational diseases. The two main prevention measures are reducing skin contact with irritants and complete avoidance of skin contact with offending allergens. PMID:24851370

Crépy, Marie-Noëlle; Bensefa-Colas, Lynda

2014-03-01

245

Occupational cancer in developed countries  

PubMed Central

Abstract Studies of occupational exposures have made major contributions to our understanding of human carcinogenesis. About one third of the factors identified as definite or probable human carcinogens were first investigated in the workplace and these exposures exact a considerable toll on working populations. There are many additional workplace exposures that are suspect carcinogens that require further evaluation to ensure a safe work environment. Information from occupational investigations is also relevant to the general population because many occupational exposures can be found outside the workplace. Much of our understanding about occupational cancer has been obtained from studies largely composed of white men in developed countries. The movement of industry from developed to developing countries underscores the need for future investigations to include more diverse populations. PMID:21489219

2011-01-01

246

Teaching Occupational Health to Physicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive training program is described that prepares students to identify and prevent occupational disease, emphasizing public health. Content areas include epidemiology and biostatistics, toxicology, industrial hygiene, safety and ergonomics, policy issues, administration, and clinical aspects. (Author/LBH)

Wegman, David H.; And Others

1978-01-01

247

Microcomputer Activities and Occupational Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Directed to occupational therapists, the article focuses on the applications of microcomputers to services for developmentally disabled persons. Noted are computer devices (input, output, software, and firmware); computer programs (basic and sophisticated instruction, graphics); and LOGO, a computer language.

Wall, Nancy

1984-01-01

248

Environmental Occupational Health Protection Laws  

E-print Network

The manufacturing, processing, and use of chemicals and materials in industrial, workplaces are often accompanied by environmental, health, and safety hazards and risks. Occupational and environmental factors cause or ...

Ashford, Nicholas

2008-01-01

249

Agricultural Occupations. Education for Employment Task Lists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The duties and tasks found in these task lists form the basis of instructional content for secondary, postsecondary, and adult occupational training programs for agricultural occupations. The agricultural occupations are divided into three clusters. The clusters and occupations are: agricultural business and management cluster…

Lake County Area Vocational Center, Grayslake, IL.

250

Industrial Occupations. Education for Employment Task Lists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The duties and tasks found in these task lists form the basis of instructional content for secondary, postsecondary, and adult occupational training programs for industrial occupations. The industrial occupations are divided into eight clusters. The clusters and occupations are: construction cluster (bricklayer, carpenter, building maintenance…

Lake County Area Vocational Center, Grayslake, IL.

251

Emergy of the Occupations. Chapter 43  

EPA Science Inventory

In this paper we calculated the emergy contributed to the economy of the United States in the work done by the workers of 558 occupations in 2008. We determined the empower (semj/yr) delivered by an individual engaged in each occupation, the transformity of the occupation?s work ...

252

Values and Work Environment: Mapping 32 Occupations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study addresses the relationship between values and occupations. Israeli workers (N = 652; mean age = 47; 43% male) in 32 occupations reported their values using the Portrait Value Questionnaire (Schwartz, Melech, Lehmann, Burgess, Harris, & Owens, 2001), and value scores were aggregated within occupations. Occupations were classified…

Knafo, Ariel; Sagiv, Lilach

2004-01-01

253

Occupational Information 1990/91. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Nebraska Occupational Information books (volumes I and II) contain information about 386 different occupations in the state and answer questions about specific occupations in detail. The descriptions are arranged according to a U.S. Department of Labor classification system, with occupational titles clustered in general groups of selected…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Nebraska Career Information System.

254

1998-99 Occupational Outlook Handbook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

US occupations are featured in this information-rich resource from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The 1998-9 Occupational Outlook Handbook provides the latest edition of a guide to 250 occupations from able seaman to zoologist. Users can browse an alphabetical index or any of eleven occupational clusters, or search the resource by keyword. Each occupation contains a thumbnail sketch of important features as well as information about the nature of the work, working conditions, employment, training, the job outlook, earnings, and related occupations. This is an excellent source of relevant, condensed occupational information.

Statistics., United S.

1998-01-01

255

Occupational safety and health in India: now and the future.  

PubMed

India, a growing economy and world's largest democracy, has population exceeding 1.2 billion. Out of this huge number, 63.6% form working age group. More than 90% work in the informal economy, mainly agriculture and services. Less than 10% work in the organized sector; mainly industry, mining and some services. New service industries like Information Technology (IT), Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) are increasing rapidly; so is the proportion of females in the workforce. The occupational safety and health (OSH) scenario in India is complex. Unprecedented growth and progress go hand in hand with challenges such as huge workforce in unorganized sector, availability of cheap labor, meager public spending on health, inadequate implementation of existing legislation, lack of reliable OSH data, shortage of OSH professionals, multiplicity of statutory controls, apathy of stakeholders and infrastructure problems. The national policy on OSH at workplace, adopted by the government in 2009, is yet to be implemented. Some of the major occupational risks are accidents, pneumoconiosis, musculoskeletal injuries, chronic obstructive lung diseases; pesticide poisoning and noise induced hearing loss. The three most important OSH needs are: 1. legislation to extend OSH coverage to all sectors of working life including the unorganized sector; 2. spreading the awareness about OSH among stakeholders; 3. development of OSH infrastructure and OSH professionals. Other issues include integration of occupational health with primary health care. PMID:22790480

Pingle, Shyam

2012-01-01

256

Metalworking Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on metalworking occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include blacksmiths, forge shop occupations, welders,…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

257

Job stress, mental health, and accidents among offshore workers in the oil and gas extraction industries.  

PubMed

Psychosocial and occupational stressors among 194 male employees on drilling rig and production platform installations in the United Kingdom and Dutch sectors of the North Sea were studied. Mental well-being and job satisfaction were also assessed, with attention to the incidence of accidents offshore. This occupational group were found to be much less satisfied with their jobs than their onshore counterparts. Although overall mental well-being compared favorably with that of the general population, levels of anxiety were significantly higher. Multivariate analysis showed "relationships at work and at home" to be a strong predictor of both job dissatisfaction and mental ill-health. Type A coronary-prone behavior was also found to be a significant predictor of reduced mental well-being and increased accident rates offshore. PMID:3819891

Cooper, C L; Sutherland, V J

1987-02-01

258

How do child accidents happen?  

PubMed

This study describes how 402 child home accidents happened. It is based on home interviews of parents of children under five who attended a hospital accident and emergency department in a multi-racial area of west London. From the parents' account, the majority of these common domestic accidents--falls, poisoning, cuts, burns and scalds--happened when parental supervision was reduced, rather than because of household hazards. The implications for prevention are to give better emotional and financial support to parents rather than adopting traditional health education interventions to alter the environment. PMID:10286650

Alwash, R; McCarthy, M

1987-01-01

259

Occupational exposure in MRI  

PubMed Central

This article reviews occupational exposure in clinical MRI; it specifically considers units of exposure, basic physical interactions, health effects, guideline limits, dosimetry, results of exposure surveys, calculation of induced fields and the status of the European Physical Agents Directive. Electromagnetic field exposure in MRI from the static field B0, imaging gradients and radiofrequency transmission fields induces electric fields and currents in tissue, which are responsible for various acute sensory effects. The underlying theory and its application to the formulation of incident and induced field limits are presented. The recent International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers limits for incident field exposure are interpreted in a manner applicable to MRI. Field measurements show that exposure from movement within the B0 fringe field can exceed ICNIRP reference levels within 0.5 m of the bore entrance. Rate of change of field dB/dt from the imaging gradients is unlikely to exceed the new limits, although incident field limits can be exceeded for radiofrequency (RF) exposure within 0.2–0.5 m of the bore entrance. Dosimetric surveys of routine clinical practice show that staff are exposed to peak values of 42±24% of B0, with time-averaged exposures of 5.2±2.8 mT for magnets in the range 0.6–4 T. Exposure to time-varying fields arising from movement within the B0 fringe resulted in peak dB/dt of approximately 2 T s?1. Modelling of induced electric fields from the imaging gradients shows that ICNIRP-induced field limits are unlikely to be exceeded in most situations; however, movement through the static field may still present a problem. The likely application of the limits is discussed with respect to the reformulation of the European Union (EU) directive and its possible implications for MRI. PMID:22457400

Mcrobbie, D W

2012-01-01

260

Occupant Protection at NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews NASA's efforts to arrive at protection of occupants of the ORION space craft on landing. An Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) has been developed, it is an anatomically-based, consensus-derived, global severity scoring system that classifies each injury by body region according to its relative importance on a 6-point ordinal scale. It reviews an Operationmally Relevant Injury Scale (ORIS), a classification methodology, and shows charts that detail the results of applying this ORIS to the injury databases. One chart uses NASCAR injury classification. It discusses providing a context for the level of risk inherent in the Orion landings in terms that people understand and have a sense for. For example is the risk of injury during an Orion landing roughly the same, better or worse than: An aircraft carrier landing, a NASCAR crash, or a helicopter crash, etc? The data for NASCAR and Indy Racing league (IRL) racing crash and injury data was reviewed. The risk from the Air Force, Navy, and Army injury data was also reviewed. Past NASA and the Soyuz programs injury risks are also reviewed. The work is an attempt to formulate a recommendation to the Orion Project for an acceptable level of injury risk associated with Nominal and Off-Nominal landing cases. The presentation also discusses the data mining and use of the data to Validate NASA Operationally-Relevant Injury Scale (NORIS) / Military Operationally-Relevant Injury Scale (MORIS), developing injury risk criteria, the types of data that are required, NASCAR modeling techniques and crash data, and comparison with the Brinkley model. The development of injury risk curves for each biodynamic response parameter is discussed. One of the main outcomes of this work is to establish an accurate Automated Test Dummy (ATD) that can be used to measure human tolerances.

Somers, Jeffrey; Granderson, Brad; Scheuring, Rick

2010-01-01

261

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2012-10-01

262

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2014-10-01

263

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2011-10-01

264

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2010-10-01

265

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2013-10-01

266

Mortality from road traffic accidents in Switzerland: Longitudinal and spatial analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road traffic accidents (RTA) are an important cause of premature death. We examined socio-demographic and geographical determinants of RTA mortality in Switzerland by linking 2000 census data to RTA mortality records 2000–2005 (ICD-10 codes V00–V99). Data from 5.5 million residents aged 18–94 years, 1744 study areas, and 1620 RTA deaths were analyzed, including 978 deaths (60.4%) in motor vehicle occupants,

Adrian Spoerri; Matthias Egger; Erik von Elm

2011-01-01

267

An Investigation of the Therac-25 Accidents  

E-print Network

An Investigation of the Therac-25 Accidents Nancy G. Leveson, University of Washington Clark S accidents reveals previously unknown details and suggests ways to reduce risk in the future. omputers in accidents. Some of the most widely cited software-related accidents in safety-critical systems involved

Yang, Junfeng

268

Accident investigation: keep asking "why?".  

PubMed

Finding the causes of an accident or operating problem and deciding what actions to take to prevent it happening again is rather like dismantling a set of Russian dolls (Fig. 1). Each time we ask "why?" (or a similar searching question) we find another cause besides the ones we have found already and another action (or set of actions) we can take to prevent similar accidents occurring again. Many investigators stop too soon. This occurred at Flixborough, at Bhopal and in the investigation of many lesser-known accidents. We are more likely to find the deeper causes and the more original actions if groups of people with wide interests and experience are able to take part in the investigations or discuss the investigation reports. We should never look at an accident report as "closing out" a problem. As we read it, we should ask ourselves, "what else could be done?" PMID:16162391

Kletz, Trevor A

2006-03-17

269

Aircraft accidents : method of analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report on a method of analysis of aircraft accidents has been prepared by a special committee on the nomenclature, subdivision, and classification of aircraft accidents organized by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics in response to a request dated February 18, 1928, from the Air Coordination Committee consisting of the Assistant Secretaries for Aeronautics in the Departments of War, Navy, and Commerce. The work was undertaken in recognition of the difficulty of drawing correct conclusions from efforts to analyze and compare reports of aircraft accidents prepared by different organizations using different classifications and definitions. The air coordination committee's request was made "in order that practices used may henceforth conform to a standard and be universally comparable." the purpose of the special committee therefore was to prepare a basis for the classification and comparison of aircraft accidents, both civil and military. (author)

1929-01-01

270

Uncovering your hidden occupancy costs.  

PubMed

Senior managers at large companies may not believe that they can have much impact on the "bricks and mortar" of their cost structure. They may even think that occupancy costs are too insignificant to worry about, too technical to analyze, and too fixed to control. But as real estate consultant Mahlon Apgar argues, occupancy costs can hurt a company's earnings, share value, and overall performance. On the other hand, every dollar saved drops straight to the bottom line. Shearson Lehman Brothers, for example, has found that it can save as much as $20 million annually by reducing occupancy costs in its branch offices and headquarters. Managing occupancy costs isn't easy. But it is timely. As companies strive to improve productivity by consolidating functions and downsizing staff, they are saddled with excess office space. Expansions abroad present completely different market conditions that put a premium on reducing occupancy costs. At the same time, the changing nature of work is challenging deeply held beliefs about the workplace, and, consequently, traditional expectations of office space are giving way to innovations that are less costly and more productive. To manage occupancy costs, managers must be able to identify their components, measure their impact, understand what drives them, and develop options to change them. Four basic tools help diagnose problems: a cost history, a loss analysis, a component analysis, and a lease aging profile. Understanding cost drivers like leasing, location, and layout can give executives the insights they need to reduce occupancy costs while improving the effectiveness of facilities to support day-to-day operations. PMID:10126151

Apgar, M

1993-01-01

271

Accident Tolerant Fuel Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Safety is central to the design, licensing, operation, and economics of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). Consequently, the ability to better characterize and quantify safety margin holds the key to improved decision making about light water reactor design, operation, and plant life extension. A systematic approach to characterization of safety margins and the subsequent margins management options represents a vital input to the licensee and regulatory analysis and decision making that will be involved. The purpose of the Risk Informed Safety Margin Characterization (RISMC) Pathway research and development (R&D) is to support plant decisions for risk-informed margins management by improving economics and reliability, and sustaining safety, of current NPPs. Goals of the RISMC Pathway are twofold: (1) Develop and demonstrate a risk-assessment method coupled to safety margin quantification that can be used by NPP decision makers as part of their margin recovery strategies. (2) Create an advanced “RISMC toolkit” that enables more accurate representation of NPP safety margin. In order to carry out the R&D needed for the Pathway, the Idaho National Laboratory is performing a series of case studies that will explore methods- and tools-development issues, in addition to being of current interest in their own right. One such study is a comparative analysis of safety margins of plants using different fuel cladding types: specifically, a comparison between current-technology Zircaloy cladding and a notional “accident-tolerant” (e.g., SiC-based) cladding. The present report begins the process of applying capabilities that are still under development to the problem of assessing new fuel designs. The approach and lessons learned from this case study will be included in future Technical Basis Guides produced by the RISMC Pathway. These guides will be the mechanism for developing the specifications for RISMC tools and for defining how plant decision makers should propose and evaluate margin recovery strategies.

Curtis Smith; Heather Chichester; Jesse Johns; Melissa Teague; Michael Tonks; Robert Youngblood

2014-09-01

272

ACCIDENT TOLERANT FUEL ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

Safety is central to the design, licensing, operation, and economics of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). Consequently, the ability to better characterize and quantify safety margin holds the key to improved decision making about light water reactor design, operation, and plant life extension. A systematic approach to characterization of safety margins and the subsequent margins management options represents a vital input to the licensee and regulatory analysis and decision making that will be involved. The purpose of the Risk Informed Safety Margin Characterization (RISMC) Pathway research and development (R&D) is to support plant decisions for risk-informed margins management by improving economics and reliability, and sustaining safety, of current NPPs. Goals of the RISMC Pathway are twofold: (1) Develop and demonstrate a risk-assessment method coupled to safety margin quantification that can be used by NPP decision makers as part of their margin recovery strategies. (2) Create an advanced “RISMC toolkit” that enables more accurate representation of NPP safety margin. In order to carry out the R&D needed for the Pathway, the Idaho National Laboratory is performing a series of case studies that will explore methods- and tools-development issues, in addition to being of current interest in their own right. One such study is a comparative analysis of safety margins of plants using different fuel cladding types: specifically, a comparison between current-technology Zircaloy cladding and a notional “accident-tolerant” (e.g., SiC-based) cladding. The present report begins the process of applying capabilities that are still under development to the problem of assessing new fuel designs. The approach and lessons learned from this case study will be included in future Technical Basis Guides produced by the RISMC Pathway. These guides will be the mechanism for developing the specifications for RISMC tools and for defining how plant decision makers should propose and evaluate margin recovery strategies.

Smith, Curtis [Idaho National Laboratory; Chichester, Heather [Idaho National Laboratory; Johns, Jesse [Texas A& M University; Teague, Melissa [Idaho National Laboratory; Tonks, Michael Idaho National Laboratory; Youngblood, Robert [Idaho National Laboratory

2014-09-01

273

Narrative text analysis of accident reports with tractors, self-propelled harvesting machinery and materials handling machinery in Austrian agriculture from 2008 to 2010 - a comparison.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was the identification of accident scenarios and causes by analysing existing accident reports of recognized agricultural occupational accidents with tractors, self-propelled harvesting machinery and materials handling machinery from 2008 to 2010. As a result of a literature-based evaluation of past accident analyses, the narrative text analysis was chosen as an appropriate method. A narrative analysis of the text fields of accident reports that farmers used to report accidents to insurers was conducted to obtain detailed information about the scenarios and causes of accidents. This narrative analysis of reports was made the first time and yielded first insights for identifying antecedents of accidents and potential opportunities for technical based intervention. A literature and internet search was done to discuss and confirm the findings. The narrative text analysis showed that in more than one third of the accidents with tractors and materials handling machinery the vehicle rolled or tipped over. The most relevant accident scenarios with harvesting machinery were being trapped and falling down. The direct comparison of the analysed machinery categories showed that more than 10% of the accidents in each category were caused by technical faults, slippery or muddy terrain and incorrect or inappropriate operation of the vehicle. Accidents with tractors, harvesting machinery and materials handling machinery showed similarities in terms of causes, circumstances and consequences. Certain technical and communicative measures for accident prevention could be used for all three machinery categories. Nevertheless, some individual solutions for accident prevention, which suit each specific machine type, would be necessary. PMID:24738521

Mayrhofer, Hannes; Quendler, Elisabeth; Boxberger, Josef

2014-01-01

274

Occupant restraint use in Canada.  

PubMed

Legislation regarding seat belt use in Canada is a provincial/territorial responsibility. Each of the 13 jurisdictions has enacted legislation and set the penalties regarding non-use of seat belts and appropriate child restraint systems. The federal government regulates occupant restraint systems and child restraints. In addition, Transport Canada (TC) gathers annual survey data on the use of seat belts and child restraints on Canadian roads and provides research support. National coordination toward the Canadian Road Safety Vision 2010 goal of a 40% reduction in fatalities and serious injuries related to non-belt/child restraint use and a 95% restraint usage rate is provided by the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators' (CCMTA) National Occupant Restraint Program (NORP). The paper examines the history of legislation, provincial/territorial penalties, NORP, and TC involvement in promoting the use of occupant restraints. PMID:15178242

Boase, Paul; Jonah, Brian A; Dawson, Nancy

2004-01-01

275

[Occupation and lumbar disk prolapse].  

PubMed

All Danish occupational groups were screened for an increased risk of hospitalization due to a prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc (PLID) (ICD-8: 725.11). A cohort of all gainfully employed Danes aged 20 to 59 years in 1981 was followed-up for 10 years for first hospitalization with PLID. A Standardized Hospitalization Ratio was calculated using all economically active persons as the reference group. Male groups with an elevated risk were found in building and construction, the iron and metal industry, in the food and nutrition sector and in occupational driving. Almost all groups of professional drivers had an elevated risk. Female groups with an elevated risk were mainly found in the same industries, but home helps, service workers in the private sector and sewing machine operators also had an elevated risk. We conclude that there are significant and systematic differences between occupational groups as concerns the risk of hospital admission due to PLID. PMID:7725550

Jensen, M V; Tüchsen, F

1995-03-13

276

The impact of the accident at the Three Mile Island on the behavior and well-being of nuclear workers: Part II: job tension, psychophysiological symptoms, and indices of distress.  

PubMed Central

TMI workers experienced much greater job tension and lower occupational self-esteem (supervisors only). At the time of the accident, TMI workers reported experiencing more periods of anger, extreme worry and extreme upset, and more psychophysiological symptoms. Six months after the accident, some persistence of these feelings and symptoms was evident. Demoralization was greater primarily among TMI non-supervisory workers. The impact of the accident was not greater among TMI workers living closer to the plant. Presence of a preschool child at home enhanced the impact of the accident, but primarily among TMI supervisors. PMID:7212136

Kasl, S V; Chisholm, R F; Eskenazi, B

1981-01-01

277

Occupational exposure and lung cancer  

PubMed Central

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for male and the second most usual cancer for women after breast cancer. Currently there are available several non-specific cytotoxic agents and several targeted agents for lung cancer therapy. However; early stage diagnosis is still unavailable and several efforts are being made towards this direction. Novel biomarkers are being investigated along with new biopsy techniques. The occupational and environmental exposure to carcinogenic agents is an everyday phenomenon. Therefore until efficient early diagnosis is available, avoidance of exposure to carcinogenic agents is necessary. In the current mini-review occupational and environmental carcinogenic agents will be presented. PMID:24102018

Spyratos, Dionysios; Porpodis, Konstantinos; Tsakiridis, Kosmas; Machairiotis, Nikolaos; Katsikogiannis, Nikolaos; Kougioumtzi, Ioanna; Dryllis, Georgios; Kallianos, Anastasios; Rapti, Aggeliki; Li, Chen; Zarogoulidis, Konstantinos

2013-01-01

278

Job-Occupation Misfit as an Occupational Stressor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from theory on met expectations, person-environment fit, and social information processing, misfit between the pressure and autonomy experienced by workers and that which would be expected given their occupational roles was examined as a predictor of job satisfaction, perceived support, and depression. Results from a nationally (U.S.)…

Ford, Michael T.

2012-01-01

279

Analysis of the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect

The unfortunate accident at Chernobyl Unit 4 has indicated the strong feedback effects that coupled neutronics and thermal-hydraulics core have for some reactor designs. To better understand the accident and to provide an independent assessment of the accident scenario given by Soviet scientists, Westinghouse has attempted to model the Chernobyl RBMK reactor using its safety analysis system computer codes. Before the RBMK reactor could be modeled, a coarse, three-dimensional reactor kinetics model (FASTAR), which was under development at Westinghouse, was integrated into the Westinghouse small-break loss-of-coolant accident code, NOTRUMP. The FASTAR neutronic model uses a single neutron energy and six neutron precursor groups and includes reactivity feedback from the graphite moderator, fuel rods, and the coolant in both the fuel assemblies and the control channels. FASTAR was coupled directly to the NOTRUMP thermal-hydraulics calculation to provide the calculated core power history as a function of the reactor coolant conditions. The NOTRUMP code uses a five-equation two-phase flow thermal-hydraulic model with thermal nonequilibrium and a drift flux formulation. The analysis presented does support the Soviet explanation of the Chernobyl accident scenario as a plausible cause and shows the extreme coupling of the core neutronics and hydraulics for this reactor design.

Heck, C.L.; Hochreiter, L.E.; Huang, P.; Stolmar, A.

1987-01-01

280

5 CFR 9701.211 - Occupational clusters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...occupational clusters based on factors such as mission or function; nature of work; qualifications or competencies; career or pay progression patterns; relevant labor-market features; and other characteristics of those occupations or positions. DHS must...

2010-01-01

281

5 CFR 9701.211 - Occupational clusters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...occupational clusters based on factors such as mission or function; nature of work; qualifications or competencies; career or pay progression patterns; relevant labor-market features; and other characteristics of those occupations or positions. DHS must...

2011-01-01

282

5 CFR 9701.211 - Occupational clusters.  

...occupational clusters based on factors such as mission or function; nature of work; qualifications or competencies; career or pay progression patterns; relevant labor-market features; and other characteristics of those occupations or positions. DHS must...

2014-01-01

283

BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY Occupational Medicine Clinic  

E-print Network

BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY Occupational Medicine Clinic Medical Protocol for Static Magnetic up safety of implanted metal. Actions for This protocol: Protocol completed at time of OMC physical Date #12;BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY Occupational Medicine Clinic (OMC) Medical Protocol for Static

Ohta, Shigemi

284

Occupant Protection (Seat Belt Use) - 2011 Data  

MedlinePLUS

... percent in 2011 (Table 1). Table 1 Passenger Vehicle Occupant Fatalities in Crashes by Restraint Use, 2002– ... 52% In 2011, 64 percent of the passenger vehicle occupants ages 21 to 24 killed in traffic ...

285

Research Article Estimating Occupancy to Monitor Northern  

E-print Network

, ponderosa pine, regional occupancy monitoring, spruce­fir, stratified design, trend monitoring Monitoring Design to estimate goshawk occupancy over broad spatial extents. We adapted and implemented. KEY WORDS Accipiter gentilis, aspen, lodgepole pine, management indicator species, northern goshawk

Beck, Jeffrey L.

286

Enabling Occupational Performance: Optimal Experiences in Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of the literature suggests that the theory of optimal experience is complementary to occupational therapy beliefs and that an understanding of the flow experience may contribute to the understanding of human occupation. (Author)

Polgar, Jan Miller; Rebeiro, Karen L.

1998-01-01

287

Occupations and Ideologies: A Conceptual Orientation  

E-print Network

One of the major problems in the sociology of occupations has been a tendency to accept concepts stemming from occupations themselves rather than from the development of a body of concepts logically separated from those ideological considerations...

Luhman, Reid A.

1971-07-01

288

Occupational neurotoxic diseases in taiwan.  

PubMed

Occupational neurotoxic diseases have become increasingly common in Taiwan due to industrialization. Over the past 40 years, Taiwan has transformed from an agricultural society to an industrial society. The most common neurotoxic diseases also changed from organophosphate poisoning to heavy metal intoxication, and then to organic solvent and semiconductor agent poisoning. The nervous system is particularly vulnerable to toxic agents because of its high metabolic rate. Neurological manifestations may be transient or permanent, and may range from cognitive dysfunction, cerebellar ataxia, Parkinsonism, sensorimotor neuropathy and autonomic dysfunction to neuromuscular junction disorders. This study attempts to provide a review of the major outbreaks of occupational neurotoxins from 1968 to 2012. A total of 16 occupational neurotoxins, including organophosphates, toxic gases, heavy metals, organic solvents, and other toxic chemicals, were reviewed. Peer-reviewed articles related to the electrophysiology, neuroimaging, treatment and long-term follow up of these neurotoxic diseases were also obtained. The heavy metals involved consisted of lead, manganese, organic tin, mercury, arsenic, and thallium. The organic solvents included n-hexane, toluene, mixed solvents and carbon disulfide. Toxic gases such as carbon monoxide, and hydrogen sulfide were also included, along with toxic chemicals including polychlorinated biphenyls, tetramethylammonium hydroxide, organophosphates, and dimethylamine borane. In addition we attempted to correlate these events to the timeline of industrial development in Taiwan. By researching this topic, the hope is that it may help other developing countries to improve industrial hygiene and promote occupational safety and health care during the process of industrialization. PMID:23251841

Liu, Chi-Hung; Huang, Chu-Yun; Huang, Chin-Chang

2012-12-01

289

Curriculum Guide for Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by teachers and representatives of the health service industries, this curriculum guide outlines the basic skills and knowledge necessary for entry-level competencies in the health field or for entrance into a post-high school or university programs. Section 1, Occupational and Instructional Data, provides manpower data and an analysis…

Oregon State Board of Education, Salem. Div. of Community Colleges and Career Education.

290

Post Occupancy Evaluation in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Scottish Executive, the devolved government for Scotland, is engaging with stakeholders to achieve excellence in the school estate through Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE). Design of the school environment has a direct impact on teaching and learning, activities which can be supported or frustrated by many building elements. Through a…

Watson, Chris; Thomson, Keith

2004-01-01

291

Personal Achievement Mathematics: Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing word problems relevant to allied health occupations, this workbook provides a concept-oriented approach to competency development in six areas of basic mathematics: (1) the expression of numbers as figures and words; (2) the addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers, fractions, and decimals; (3) ratios and…

Davis, Kathryn; Peart, Pamela

292

Pathways to STEMM Support Occupations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The preceding articles in this issue of the "Peabody Journal of Education" have focused on preparation for and entry into professional positions in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and medicine (STEMM). This article shifts the focus from professional positions to STEMM support occupations, focusing on the preparation necessary for…

Solberg, V. Scott; Kimmel, Linda G.; Miller, Jon D.

2012-01-01

293

Agricultural Occupations Programs Planning Guides  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A set of program planning guides that include seven areas (1) Agricultural Production, (2) Agricultural Supplies and Services, (3) Agricultural Mechanics, (4) Agricultural Products, (5) Ornamental Horticulture, (6) Agricultural Resources, and (7) Forestry, were developed and introduced to high school applied biological and agricultural occupations

Stitt, Thomas R.; And Others

1977-01-01

294

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS FOR CHEMICALS  

Microsoft Academic Search

? Occupational exposure limits (OELs) are tools to help employers protect the health of those who may be exposed to chemicals in their workplace. Under the United Kingdom Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations they define adequate control by inhalation.? OELs are set by the Health and Safety Commission (HSC) on advice from its Advisory Committee on Toxic

M Topping

2001-01-01

295

Occupational Neurotoxic Diseases in Taiwan  

PubMed Central

Occupational neurotoxic diseases have become increasingly common in Taiwan due to industrialization. Over the past 40 years, Taiwan has transformed from an agricultural society to an industrial society. The most common neurotoxic diseases also changed from organophosphate poisoning to heavy metal intoxication, and then to organic solvent and semiconductor agent poisoning. The nervous system is particularly vulnerable to toxic agents because of its high metabolic rate. Neurological manifestations may be transient or permanent, and may range from cognitive dysfunction, cerebellar ataxia, Parkinsonism, sensorimotor neuropathy and autonomic dysfunction to neuromuscular junction disorders. This study attempts to provide a review of the major outbreaks of occupational neurotoxins from 1968 to 2012. A total of 16 occupational neurotoxins, including organophosphates, toxic gases, heavy metals, organic solvents, and other toxic chemicals, were reviewed. Peer-reviewed articles related to the electrophysiology, neuroimaging, treatment and long-term follow up of these neurotoxic diseases were also obtained. The heavy metals involved consisted of lead, manganese, organic tin, mercury, arsenic, and thallium. The organic solvents included n-hexane, toluene, mixed solvents and carbon disulfide. Toxic gases such as carbon monoxide, and hydrogen sulfide were also included, along with toxic chemicals including polychlorinated biphenyls, tetramethylammonium hydroxide, organophosphates, and dimethylamine borane. In addition we attempted to correlate these events to the timeline of industrial development in Taiwan. By researching this topic, the hope is that it may help other developing countries to improve industrial hygiene and promote occupational safety and health care during the process of industrialization. PMID:23251841

Liu, Chi-Hung; Huang, Chu-Yun

2012-01-01

296

Health Occupations Extended Campus Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Health Occupations Program designed as an integrated science course offers students at Evanston Township High School (Illinois) an opportunity to master science skills, content, and laboratory techniques while working and studying within local hospitals (the Evanston Hospital and St. Francis Hospital) as well as within their high school…

Likhite, Vivek

297

Occupational rhinitis due to steel welding fumes.  

PubMed

Exposure to welding fumes is a recognized respiratory hazard. Occupational asthma but not occupational rhinitis has been documented in workers exposed to steel welding fumes. We report a 26-year-old male with work-related rhinitis symptoms as well as lower airways symptoms suggestive of occupational asthma and metal fume fever associated with exposure to steel welding fumes. The diagnosis of occupational rhinitis was confirmed by specific inhalation challenge. PMID:25255898

Castano, Roberto; Suarthana, Eva

2014-12-01

298

Road Traffic Accidents in Kazakhstan  

PubMed Central

Background: The article provides the analysis of death rates in road traffic accidents in Kazakhstan from 2004 to 2010 and explores the use of sanitary aviation. Methods: Data of fatalities caused by road traffic accidents were collected and analysed. Descriptive and analytical methods of epidemiology and biomedical statistics were applied. Results: Totaly 27,003 people died as a result of road traffic accidents in this period. The death rate for the total population due to road traffic accidents was 25.0±2.10/0000. The death rate for men was (38.3±3.20/0000), which was higher (P<0.05) than that for women (12.6±1.10/0000). High death rates in the entire male population were identified among men of 30–39 years old, whereas the highest rates for women were attributed to the groups of 50–59 years old and 70–79 years old. In time dynamics, death rates tended to decrease: the total population (Tdec=?2.4%), men (Tdec=?2.3%) and women (Tdec=?1.4%). When researching territorial relevance, the rates were established as low (to 18.30/0000), average (between 18.3 and 24.00/0000) and high (from 24.00/0000 and above). Thus, the regions with high rates included Akmola region (24.30/0000), Mangistau region (25.90/0000), Zhambyl region (27.30/0000), Almaty region (29.30/0000) and South Kazakhstan region (32.40/0000). Conclusion: The identified epidemiological characteristics of the population deaths rates from road traffic accidents should be used in integrated and targeted interventions to enhance prevention of injuries in accidents. PMID:23641400

AUBAKIROVA, Alma; KOSSUMOV, Alibek; IGISSINOV, Nurbek

2013-01-01

299

Construction Occupations--Finishing. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on finishing construction occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include air…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

300

Railroad Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on railroad occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include brake operators, conductors, locomotive engineers,…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

301

The Person-Environment-Occupation Model: A Transactive Approach to Occupational Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Person-Environment-Occupation model of occupational performance enables occupational therapists to target interventions at different components and implement interventions at different levels and in context. A person's occupational preference is considered in multiple ways depending on environmental factors. (SK)

Law, Mary; And Others

1996-01-01

302

Factory Production Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on factory production occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include assemblers, blue collar worker…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

303

Insulator (Heat and Frost). Occupational Analyses Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis covers tasks performed by an insulator, an occupational title some provinces and territories of Canada have also identified as heat and frost insulator. A guide to analysis discusses development, structure, and validation method; scope of the occupation; trends; and safety. To facilitate understanding the nature of the occupation,…

McRory, Aline; Ally, Mohamed

304

Exact voxel occupancy with graph cuts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Voxel occupancy is one approach for reconstructing the 3-dimensional shape of an object from multiple views. In voxel occupancy, the task is to produce a binary labeling of a set of voxels, that determines which voxels are filled and which are empty. In this paper, we give an energy minimization formulation of the voxel occupancy problem. The global minimum of

Dan Snow; Paul Viola; Ramin Zabih

2000-01-01

305

Vertical occupational mobility and its measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a number of alternative approaches to devising a vertical occupational scale and compares the outcomes of different scales on calculations of occupational mobility. The paper describes the conceptual issues relevant to calculating occupational mobility and documents the measurement error embedded in the choice of measure, as applied to different data sets. The ranking schemes used include SOC

Shirley Dex; Joanne Lindley; Kelly Ward

2007-01-01

306

Innovative Approaches to Health Occupations Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To improve communications between health occupations educators and health professionals about developments in health occupations education, a compilation of 21 approaches used in health occupations education is presented. Outlines of the 21 different courses are presented, grouped in eight areas: (1) career mobility--modified LPN program for…

Gurney, Elizabeth, Comp.; Kintgen, Jean, Comp.

307

An interdisciplinary approach to occupational respiratory disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Health Organization estimates that worldwide about 50 million new cases of occupational respiratory diseases emerge every year. Without preventative action, the burden of occupational diseases is expected to increase. In this thesis an alternative approach to deliver occupational health care is explored concerning work-related respiratory disorders in various worker populations. This approach is illustrated by a series of

G. B. G. J. van Rooy

2010-01-01

308

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Automotive Technician Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the automotive technician cluster. The document begins with overviews of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

309

Occupational Performance Needs of a Shelter Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data were analyzed regarding the occupational performance of 25 persons at a homeless shelter. The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure was useful for assessing the occupational performance needs of this population but should be augmented by inquiry about environmental concerns, relationships housing, and spirituality. (Author/JOW)

Tryssenaar, Joyce; Jones, Elizabeth J.; Lee, Deanne

1999-01-01

310

Sex Differences in Occupational Performance Expectations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the effects of occupational sex-dominance on sex differences in occupational performance expectations. College students indicated their self-expectations and comparison person expectations (those of a "typical" male or female) regarding job performance for six occupations. Women reported lower expectations for themselves except for…

Bridges, Judith S.

1988-01-01

311

Occupational cancer of the urinary bladder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The occupational etiology of bladder cancer has been known for more than 70 yr. The best?known etiologic agents are aromatic amines such as 2?naphthylamine and benzidine. The proportion of bladder cancers due to occupational exposure varies with the industrialization of the area in question. In heavily industrialized countries occupational exposure may be associated with as much as 25% of cases

Sakari Tola

1980-01-01

312

Home Economics Education Guide for Occupational Foods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist home economics teachers in providing a training program to prepare high school students for jobs in foods occupations, this curriculum guide contains a two-year course of study in occupational foods. The first-year program consists of nineteen units, as follow: (1) introduction to food service occupations; (2) sanitation; (3)…

Looney, Era F.

313

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards. Meeting Professional Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in the meeting professional occupational cluster. It begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and credentialing,…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

314

0 Occupational Asthma February 13, 2013  

E-print Network

- 0 Occupational Asthma WEBINAR February 13, 2013 10:0 a.m. ­ 11:30 p.m. P W SREVENTION ORKSHOP ERIES February 2013 Occupational Asthma Webinar PARTICIPANT REGISTRATION FORM I would like to receive notification of future workshops by e-mail. How did you hear about the Occupational Asthma webinar? newspaper e

deYoung, Brad

315

Investigation of the Challenger Accident  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident (hereafter referred to as the Rogers Commission) and the work of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in investigating the causes of the accident were reviewed. In addition to reviewing the five volumes of the Rogers Commission, the entire direct on-line Rogers Commission data base, which included full-text and document retrieval capability was also reviewed. The findings and recommendations contained also include materials submitted for the record, staff investigations, interviews, and trips.

1986-01-01

316

Professional and medical outcomes for French train drivers after "person under train" accidents: three year follow up study  

PubMed Central

Aims: To investigate psychiatric disorders, somatic health, and professional effects in French train drivers having experienced a "person under train" accident, and somatic health and professional effects. Methods: A total of 202 train drivers were evaluated several times: immediately after the event, three months later, and one, two, and three years later. These drivers were compared with 186 train drivers not exposed to that psychotraumatic shock. The evaluations relied primarily on the GHQ-28 and MINI questionnaires. Results: In the exposed group, at the first evaluation, the prevalence of post-traumatic stress was 4%; scores ?5 on the GHQ-28 were significantly higher than in the non-exposed group (32% versus 6%), for both the overall result and three sub-scores (somatic symptoms, anxiety and sleep, and psychosocial functioning). All these differences disappeared within a year. Vulnerability factors concerned prior traumas, acute and lasting life events, and the particular occupational situation where the driver is not accompanied but drives the train away alone in the aftermath of the accident. Over 95% of subjects had no short, medium, or long term impairment of their occupational fitness. Conclusions: Most of the psycho-behavioural disorders were observed in the immediate aftermath of the accident and disappeared within a year. The driver's occupational future does not seem to be affected by the "person under train" accident. Consideration of a traumatic accident as a job related risk and close psychological support of drivers after an accident probably increase the subject's ability to recover from the event. PMID:15150387

Cothereau, C; de Beaurepaire, C; Payan, C; Cambou, J; Rouillon, F; Conso, F

2004-01-01

317

Analysis of accidents during flashing operations  

E-print Network

. In this thesis, the relative impacts of flashing signal operation versus regular signal operation were evaluated in several cities and towns in the State of Texas. Analysis were conducted to determine whether an increase in accidents and accident severity...

Obermeyer, Michael Edward

1993-01-01

318

76 FR 55079 - Recreational Vessel Accident Reporting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...should not be considered reportable boating accidents, although it would continue counting incidents involving carbon monoxide poisoning, in-water electrical shock or other boat-related caused accidents. This notice is issued under...

2011-09-06

319

Occupational Medicine: Opportunities for Family Physicians  

PubMed Central

Occupational medicine has grown recently in sophistication and strength. Occupational physicians with specialty certification focus their attention on toxicology and health hazards in the workplace, compliance with regulatory requirements, and preventive services. These physicians are often employed by organizations. Most occupational health care will continue to be provided by family physicians, who may also be the physicians closest to the workers and their families. There are many opportunities for family physicians to develop their skills in occupational health care and to incorporate occupational medicine into their practices. PMID:21248919

Guidotti, Tee L.

1989-01-01

320

Occupational Outlook Handbook 2000-2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The latest edition of this biannual handbook from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (last reviewed in the March 20, 1998 Scout Report) offers a wealth of career information for a wide range of occupations, including a brief review of important features and "what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects." Users can access this information (offered in HTML and .pdf formats) in three ways: by conducting a keyword search for a specific occupation, by browsing an "occupational cluster," or by browsing a listing of all occupations in alphabetical order. The Handbook remains an excellent source of relevant, condensed, and updated occupational information.

321

Learning from Accident Analysis: The Dynamics Leading Up to a Rafting Accident.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of a case study of a whitewater rafting accident reveals that such accidents tend to result from multiple actions. Many events leading up to such accidents include procedural and process factors, suggesting that hard-skills technical training is an insufficient approach to accident prevention. Contains 26 references. (SAS)

Hovelynck, Johan

1998-01-01

322

Vehicle Drivers and Fatal Accidents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts an exploratory study of the question, "What happens to drivers of vehicles involved in accidents in which there is a fatality, whether or not the driver was at fault?" The purpose of the investigation was to determine what crisis intervention is needed for such drivers. (Author)

Foeckler, Merle M; And Others

1978-01-01

323

The Physics of Traffic Accidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shows how physics can be used to analyze and prevent traffic accidents by determining critical speeds on curves, the behavior of motor cycles and stability of articulated vehicles, and the visibility that is needed to make a minor road junction safe. (MLH)

Knight, Peter

1975-01-01

324

NASA Medical Response to Human Spacecraft Accidents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Manned space flight is risky business. Accidents have occurred and may occur in the future. NASA's manned space flight programs, with all their successes, have had three fatal accidents, one at the launch pad and two in flight. The Apollo fire and the Challenger and Columbia accidents resulted in a loss of seventeen crewmembers. Russia's manned space flight programs have had three fatal accidents, one ground-based and two in flight. These accidents resulted in the loss of five crewmembers. Additionally, manned spacecraft have encountered numerous close calls with potential for disaster. The NASA Johnson Space Center Flight Safety Office has documented more than 70 spacecraft incidents, many of which could have become serious accidents. At the Johnson Space Center (JSC), medical contingency personnel are assigned to a Mishap Investigation Team. The team deploys to the accident site to gather and preserve evidence for the Accident Investigation Board. The JSC Medical Operations Branch has developed a flight surgeon accident response training class to capture the lessons learned from the Columbia accident. This presentation will address the NASA Mishap Investigation Team's medical objectives, planned response, and potential issues that could arise subsequent to a manned spacecraft accident. Educational Objectives are to understand the medical objectives and issues confronting the Mishap Investigation Team medical personnel subsequent to a human space flight accident.

Patlach, Robert

2010-01-01

325

No Silver Bullet Essence and Accidents  

E-print Network

No Silver Bullet Essence and Accidents of Software Engineering TR86-020 September 1986 Frederick P. #12;No Silver Bullet Essence and Accidents of Software Engineering September, 1986 Doc. 860905 fpb TR Hill, North Carolina 27514 #12;NO SILVER BULLET - ESSENCE AND ACCIDENTS OF SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

326

48 CFR 636.513 - Accident prevention.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident prevention. 636.513 Section 636...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 636.513 Accident prevention. (a) In accordance...activities shall insert DOSAR 652.236-70, Accident Prevention, in lieu of FAR...

2014-10-01

327

ASSESSMENT OF TWO ACCIDENTS INVOLVING SAFETY DEVICES  

E-print Network

98-14 ASSESSMENT OF TWO ACCIDENTS INVOLVING SAFETY DEVICES J.F. Lechaudel. S. Bauchet INERIS Verneuil-en-Halatte, France. ABSTRACT This paper mainly aims at describing and analysing two accidents : an ammonia leakage and an explosion in a chemical unit. These accidents are in connection with safety

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

328

48 CFR 836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident prevention. 836.513 Section 836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer must insert the clause at 852.236-87, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and...

2012-10-01

329

Dynamic Multitasking: Accidents Lead to Nonlinear Contracts  

E-print Network

Dynamic Multitasking: Accidents Lead to Nonlinear Contracts Agostino Capponi Department of Applied allocates his resources on two tasks of different types: effort and accident pre- vention. We explicitly. In contrast to the linear incentive scheme for effort, accident prevention leads to a sublinear punish- ment

Frei, Christoph

330

48 CFR 836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident prevention. 836.513 Section 836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer must insert the clause at 852.236-87, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and...

2013-10-01

331

Road accidents caused by drivers falling asleep  

Microsoft Academic Search

About 29?600 Norwegian accident-involved drivers received a questionnaire about the last accident reported to their insurance company. About 9200 drivers (31%) returned the questionnaire. The questionnaire contained questions about sleep or fatigue as contributing factors to the accident. In addition, the drivers reported whether or not they had fallen asleep some time whilst driving, and what the consequences had been.

Fridulv Sagberg

1999-01-01

332

Accident motivates scholarship April 3, 2012  

E-print Network

- 1 - Accident motivates scholarship recipient April 3, 2012 Scholarship recipient not deterred by accident, inspired to help others October 26, 2010, started out as just another day for Escalante High lost his life in a traffic accident, but because he is using that experience and its aftermath

333

48 CFR 1836.513 - Accident prevention.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident prevention. 1836.513 Section 1836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 1836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer...in lieu of FAR clause 52.236-13, Accident Prevention, and its Alternate I....

2014-10-01

334

48 CFR 836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident prevention. 836.513 Section 836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer must insert the clause at 852.236-87, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and...

2010-10-01

335

48 CFR 1836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident prevention. 1836.513 Section 1836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 1836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer...in lieu of FAR clause 52.236-13, Accident Prevention, and its Alternate I....

2013-10-01

336

48 CFR 836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident prevention. 836.513 Section 836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer must insert the clause at 852.236-87, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and...

2011-10-01

337

48 CFR 836.513 - Accident prevention.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident prevention. 836.513 Section 836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer must insert the clause at 852.236-87, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and...

2014-10-01

338

ASSESSING CAUSAL FACTORS IN INDIVIDUAL ROAD ACCIDENTS  

E-print Network

ASSESSING CAUSAL FACTORS IN INDIVIDUAL ROAD ACCIDENTS: COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY IN FREEWAY REAR accident report: Happened on I-94 in downtown Minneapolis Happened during the afternoon peak period Vehicle" is a "condition or event" such that "had the condition or event been prevented...the accident would not occur

Minnesota, University of

339

48 CFR 636.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident prevention. 636.513 Section 636...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 636.513 Accident prevention. (a) In accordance...activities shall insert DOSAR 652.236-70, Accident Prevention, in lieu of FAR...

2013-10-01

340

Accident Prevention: Keeping Campers and Staff Safe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategies for risk assessment and accident prevention include supervising unstructured camper time; assessing games for potential dangers; examining facilities and special programs, including reviewing and evaluating safety and accident reports; and increasing staff awareness by discussing accidents at weekly staff meetings and generating ideas…

Lebenger, Seymour S.

1997-01-01

341

Electrical penetration assemblies severe accident testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The leakage behavior of electrical penetration assemblies (EPAs) is being evaluated by varying the penetration type, manufacturer, and hypothetical temperature and pressure accident profile. Nuclear qualified EPAs were procured from D.G. O'Brien, Westinghouse, and Conax. Severe accident sequence analysis was used to generate the severe accident conditions (SAC) for a large dry PWR, a BWR Mark I drywell, and a

J. D. Keck; F. V. Thome

1986-01-01

342

School Bus Accidents and Driver Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines the rates and types of school bus accidents according to the age of the school bus driver. Accident rates in North Carolina for the school year 1971-72 were analyzed using three sources of data: accident reports, driver and mileage data, and questionnaires administered to a sample of school bus drivers. Data were obtained on…

McMichael, Judith

343

Industrial Fungal Enzymes: An Occupational Allergen Perspective  

PubMed Central

Occupational exposure to high-molecular-weight allergens is a risk factor for the development and pathogenesis of IgE-mediated respiratory disease. In some occupational environments, workers are at an increased risk of exposure to fungal enzymes used in industrial production. Fungal enzymes have been associated with adverse health effects in the work place, in particular in baking occupations. Exposure-response relationships have been demonstrated, and atopic workers directly handling fungal enzymes are at an increased risk for IgE-mediated disease and occupational asthma. The utilization of new and emerging fungal enzymes in industrial production will present new occupational exposures. The production of antibody-based immunoassays is necessary for the assessment of occupational exposure and the development of threshold limit values. Allergen avoidance strategies including personal protective equipment, engineering controls, protein encapsulation, and reduction of airborne enzyme concentrations are required to mitigate occupational exposure to fungal enzymes. PMID:21747869

Green, Brett J.; Beezhold, Donald H.

2011-01-01

344

Occupation and prostate cancer risk in Sweden.  

PubMed

To provide new leads regarding occupational prostate cancer risk factors, we linked 36,269 prostate cancer cases reported to the Swedish National Cancer Registry during 1961 to 1979 with employment information from the 1960 National Census. Standardized incidence ratios for prostate cancer, within major (1-digit), general (2-digit), and specific (3-digit) industries and occupations, were calculated. Significant excess risks were seen for agriculture-related industries, soap and perfume manufacture, and leather processing industries. Significantly elevated standardized incidence ratios were also seen for the following occupations: farmers, leather workers, and white-collar occupations. Our results suggest that farmers; certain occupations and industries with exposures to cadmium, herbicides, and fertilizers; and men with low occupational physical activity levels have elevated prostate cancer risks. Further research is needed to confirm these findings and identify specific exposures related to excess risk in these occupations and industries. PMID:10824305

Sharma-Wagner, S; Chokkalingam, A P; Malker, H S; Stone, B J; McLaughlin, J K; Hsing, A W

2000-05-01

345

Determinants of occupational disease incidence in Mexico.  

PubMed

Most occupational health researchers have studied individual determinants, tending to forget those causes that are universally present. To explore some determinants of occupational disease incidence in Mexico, the authors carried out an ecological study with data from 32 Mexican states. Using ordinary least squares regression, they explored associations between occupational disease incidence and the Gini coefficient, the percentage of small and median enterprises, and migration. Income inequality and the combined percentage of small and median enterprises were negatively associated with the incidence of occupational disease. In Mexico, the "population strategy" of the prevention of occupational disease suggests that big enterprises' contexts are related to a higher occurrence of occupational diseases. Further studies using multilevel approaches are needed to establish whether these occupational diseases are related to exposures present in big or in small and median enterprises. PMID:17447573

Idrovo, Alvaro J; Pérez-Núñez, Ricardo

2005-01-01

346

Telemedicine applications in occupational medicine.  

PubMed

Telemedicine combines telecommunication technology and medicine to increase access to health care services for patients living in remote areas and enhance the efficiency of delivering that care. This article describes the results of a Mayo Clinic pilot study on the use of telemedicine in an occupational medicine clinic for Mayo Clinic employees and their dependents. The study involved 21 patients who came for initial evaluations for work-related problems or injuries, follow-up visits, visits for acute problems such as low-back pain, and periodic health evaluations. It found that patients and providers were comfortable with the technology after a short training session and satisfied with the outcomes of the visits. More rigorous research evaluating the applications of telemedicine in occupational health care is needed. PMID:17153904

Varkey, Prathibha; Hagen, Philip T; Wimsett, William; Buchta, William

2006-11-01

347

Occupational Health in Eastern Europe  

PubMed Central

Progress may be fostered as much by spreading information as by research. The aim of this review is to add to the existing knowledge of the pattern of occupational health services in the socialist countries of Eastern Europe. The work consists of two main parts. Part I is based on official information issued by government departments or typewritten reports prepared by government officials, and relates mostly to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and to Czechoslovakia. Part II is largely based on direct observation, discussion, and comparison of the occupational health services in Czechoslovakia, of which I have more extensive knowledge than of the other countries of Eastern Europe. This part embodies a number of conclusions and is followed by a list of bibliographical references. Throughout the review I have endeavoured to show how problems which exist all over the world are dealt with in Eastern Europe. PMID:13932439

Malan, R. M.

1963-01-01

348

Occupational factors and pancreatic cancer.  

PubMed

The relation between occupational factors and pancreatic cancer has been studied by two different approaches: a population based case-control study with two series of controls and a retrospective cohort study based on register data. With both approaches, some support was found for an association with occupational exposure to petroleum products. Associations were also indicated with exposure to paint thinner (case-control study) and work in painting and in paint and varnish factories (cohort study), for exposure to detergents, floor cleaning agents, or polish (case-control study) and with floor polishing or window cleaning (cohort study), and for exposure to refuse (case-control study) and work in refuse disposal plants (cohort study). PMID:3790458

Norell, S; Ahlbom, A; Olin, R; Erwald, R; Jacobson, G; Lindberg-Navier, I; Wiechel, K L

1986-11-01

349

The Ocean and Occupational Health  

PubMed Central

With the increase in offshore industrial operations, more needs to be known about health and safety of workers in such industries. Some general principles of occupational health apply; some special situations, such as depth diving, demand special knowledge and facilities. Equipment used also brings its own hazards. This article outlines the scope of health and safety concerns for those physicians whose patients work on or in the ocean. Imagesp1137-a PMID:21283297

Prossin, Albert

1983-01-01

350

Occupational Surveillance for Spaceflight Exposures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the importance of longterm occupational health surveillance of astronauts after exposure to the possible hazards of spaceflight. Because there is not much information about long term effects of spaceflight on human health, it is important to identify some of the possible results of exposure to the many possible factors that can influence longterm health impacts. This surveillance also allows for NASA to meet the obligation to care for the astronauts for their lifetime.

Tarver, William J.

2010-01-01

351

Occupational Chage in Immigrant Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this presentation are to share a) the overall objectives of a program of research on immigrant women, b) the methods and results of a qualitative research study, and c)other ongoing and future studies.\\u000aOur program of research seeks to identify similarities and differences in occupations, habits and routines and their links to roles, identity and adjustment across

Catherine Sullivan; Jyothi Gupta; Jennifer Spiegel

2002-01-01

352

NASA Occupant Protection Standards Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Current National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) occupant protection standards and requirements are based on extrapolations of biodynamic models, which were based on human tests performed under pre-Space Shuttle human flight programs where the occupants were in different suit and seat configurations than is expected for the Multi Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV) and Commercial Crew programs. As a result, there is limited statistical validity to the occupant protection standards. Furthermore, the current standards and requirements have not been validated in relevant spaceflight suit, seat configurations or loading conditions. The objectives of this study were to develop new standards and requirements for occupant protection and rigorously validate these new standards with sub-injurious human testing. To accomplish these objectives we began by determining which critical injuries NASA would like to protect for. We then defined the anthropomorphic test device (ATD) and the associated injury metrics of interest. Finally, we conducted a literature review of available data for the Test Device for Human Occupant Restraint New Technology (THOR-NT) ATD to determine injury assessment reference values (IARV) to serve as a baseline for further development. To better understand NASA s environment, we propose conducting sub-injurious human testing in spaceflight seat and suit configurations with spaceflight dynamic loads, with a sufficiently high number of subjects to validate no injury during nominal landing loads. In addition to validate nominal loads, the THOR-NT ATD will be tested in the same conditions as the human volunteers, allowing correlation between human and ATD responses covering the Orion nominal landing environment and commercial vehicle expected nominal environments. All testing will be conducted without the suit and with the suit to ascertain the contribution of the suit to human and ATD responses. In addition to the testing campaign proposed, additional data analysis is proposed to mine existing human injury and response data from other sources, including military volunteer testing, automotive Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN), and IndyCar impact and injury data. These data sources can allow a better extrapolation of the ATD responses to off-nominal conditions above the nominal range that can safely be tested. These elements will be used to develop injury risk functions for each of the injury metrics measured from the ATD. These risk functions would serve as the basis for the NASA standards. Finally, we propose defining standard test methodology for evaluating future spacecraft designs against the IARVs, including developing a star-rating system to allow crew safety comparisons between vehicles.

Somers, Jeffrey T.; Gernhardt, Michael A.; Lawrence, Charles

2011-01-01

353

Radiation occupational health interventions offered to radiation workers in response to the complex catastrophic disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.  

PubMed

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) 1 was severely damaged from the chain reaction of the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami on 11 March 2011, and the consequent meltdown and hydrogen gas explosions. This resulted in the worst nuclear accident since the Chernobyl accident of 1986. Just as in the case of Chernobyl, emergency workers were recruited to conduct a wide range of tasks, including disaster response, rescuing activities, NPP containment, and radiation decontamination. This paper describes the types and efficacy of the various occupational health interventions introduced to the Fukushima NPP radiation workers. Such interventions were implemented in order to prevent unnecessary radiation overexposure and associated adverse health effects and work injuries. Less than 1% of all emergency workers were exposed to external radiation of >100 mSv, and to date no deaths or health adversities from radiation have been reported for those workers. Several occupational health interventions were conducted, including setting of new regulatory exposure limits, improving workers' radiation dosimetry, administration of stable iodine, running an occupational health tracking system, and improving occupational medicine and preventative care. Those interventions were not only vital for preventing unnecessary radiation, but also for managing other general health issues such as mental health, heat illness and infectious diseases. Long-term administration of the aforementioned occupational health interventions is essential to ensure the ongoing support and care for these workers, who were put under one of the most severe occupational health risk conditions ever encountered. PMID:25413928

Shimura, Tsutomu; Yamaguchi, Ichiro; Terada, Hiroshi; Kengo, Okuda; Svendsen, Erik Robert; Kunugita, Naoki

2014-11-20

354

Accident/Mishap Investigation System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

InvestigationOrganizer (IO) is a Web-based collaborative information system that integrates the generic functionality of a database, a document repository, a semantic hypermedia browser, and a rule-based inference system with specialized modeling and visualization functionality to support accident/mishap investigation teams. This accessible, online structure is designed to support investigators by allowing them to make explicit, shared, and meaningful links among evidence, causal models, findings, and recommendations.

Keller, Richard; Wolfe, Shawn; Gawdiak, Yuri; Carvalho, Robert; Panontin, Tina; Williams, James; Sturken, Ian

2007-01-01

355

Work, Obesity, and Occupational Safety and Health  

PubMed Central

There is increasing evidence that obesity and overweight may be related, in part, to adverse work conditions. In particular, the risk of obesity may increase in high-demand, low-control work environments, and for those who work long hours. In addition, obesity may modify the risk for vibration-induced injury and certain occupational musculoskeletal disorders. We hypothesized that obesity may also be a co–risk factor for the development of occupational asthma and cardiovascular disease that and it may modify the worker’s response to occupational stress, immune response to chemical exposures, and risk of disease from occupational neurotoxins. We developed 5 conceptual models of the interrelationship of work, obesity, and occupational safety and health and highlighted the ethical, legal, and social issues related to fuller consideration of obesity’s role in occupational health and safety. PMID:17267711

Schulte, Paul A.; Wagner, Gregory R.; Ostry, Aleck; Blanciforti, Laura A.; Cutlip, Robert G.; Krajnak, Kristine M.; Luster, Michael; Munson, Albert E.; O’Callaghan, James P.; Parks, Christine G.; Simeonova, Petia P.; Miller, Diane B.

2007-01-01

356

Occupational Trajectories and Immigrant Worker Health  

PubMed Central

During their initial years in the receiving country, many immigrants experience occupational downgrading. Downgrading is a loss of occupational status between one’s last job in the home country and first job in the receiving country, often resulting in overeducation or overqualification. Although the extent and determinants of such occupational trajectories have been characterized, the connection to immigrant worker health has not been widely examined. However, an emerging body of knowledge indicates that negative health outcomes are associated with overeducation and overqualification in general worker populations, suggesting similar experiences by immigrant workers. This article provides an overview of the magnitude and conceptualization of occupational downgrading, overeducation, and overqualification and discusses implications for immigrant worker health. Occupational health professionals should spearhead research efforts on occupational downgrading, raise public awareness about the issue, and serve as advocates for immigrant workers’ rights. PMID:23092177

Crollard, Allison; de Castro, A. B.; Tsai, Jenny Hsin-Chun

2013-01-01

357

Cultural relativism: occupation and independence reconsidered.  

PubMed

In this article, findings from a qualitative study of a cohort of occupational therapy students in Auckland, New Zealand are presented. The study focussed on the experiences of students as they learned to work with people from different social and cultural backgrounds over a 3-year period. As well as identifying curriculum and teaching/learning processes that enhance intercultural competence development, the data that emerged from the study also highlight important issues about how occupation and independence are conceptualised across cultures. A review of the trans-disciplinary and occupational therapy literature dealing with theoretical, conceptual and educational issues relating to cross-cultural practice is followed by a presentation of narrative extracts that address the key concepts of occupation and independence. These are then discussed with reference to relevant occupational therapy literature. In conclusion, implications for future research and practice are explored focussing on a need for occupation and independence to be reconsidered as culturally relative constructions. PMID:11140146

Whiteford, G E; Wilcock, A A

2000-12-01

358

Occupational Asthma to Carmine in a Butcher  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypersensitivity to carmine (E120) has been identified as a cause of food intolerance and occupational asthma. We present a case of occupational asthma following exposure to carmine in a manufacturer of sausages and review the literature. Case Report: A 42-year-old non-atopic male presented with a 5-year history of rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma on occupational exposure to food additive dusts. Symptoms increased

Ðngel Ferrer; Francisco M. Marco; Carmen Andreu; José M. Sempere

2005-01-01

359

NWSM 50-1115 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY  

E-print Network

-IONIZING RADIATION......................................................... 17-1 18 ACCIDENT/ILLNESS REPORTING ............................................................................................................. 25-1 26 TRENCHING AND EXCAVATION OPERATIONS.................................................. 26-1 27

360

NASA technical advances in aircraft occupant safety. [clear air turbulence detectors, fire resistant materials, and crashworthiness  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's aviation safety technology program examines specific safety problems associated with atmospheric hazards, crash-fire survival, control of aircraft on runways, human factors, terminal area operations hazards, and accident factors simulation. While aircraft occupants are ultimately affected by any of these hazards, their well-being is immediately impacted by three specific events: unexpected turbulence encounters, fire and its effects, and crash impact. NASA research in the application of laser technology to the problem of clear air turbulence detection, the development of fire resistant materials for aircraft construction, and to the improvement of seats and restraint systems to reduce crash injuries are reviewed.

Enders, J. H.

1978-01-01

361

Occupational and environmental health problems of the developing oil shale industry: a review.  

PubMed

The American oil shale industry is on the threshold of commercial industrial development. Potential occupational hazards include shalosis or oil shale pneumoconiosis, dermatoses, cancer of the skin, lung, and possibly other sites, and accidents. Air, water, and solid waste pollution problems are complicated by the aridity of the Green River oil shale formation located in Utah, Colorado, and Wyoming. The region currently lacks the schools, health facilities, community services, and skilled labor required for large-scale development. The oil shale industry faces an opportunity and a challenge of prudently assessing and controlling exposures and contributing to the social development of the region. PMID:6285698

Rom, W N; Lee, J S; Craft, B F

1981-01-01

362

Occup Environ Med. Author manuscript Occupational exposure to pesticides and lymphoid neoplasms among  

E-print Network

Occup Environ Med. Author manuscript Page /1 12 Occupational exposure to pesticides and lymphoid between occupational exposure to pesticides and the risk of lymphoid neoplasms (LN) in men. Methods in the orthopaedic and rheumatological departments. Exposures to pesticides were evaluated through specific

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

363

The Occupational Performance History Interview: Evidence for Three Underlying Constructs of Occupational Adaptation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from 20 psychiatric clients were used to test the construct validity of the Occupational Performance History Interview, which gathers information on a person's past and present functioning. The instrument appears to measure three underlying constructs--occupational competence, identity, and environment--rather than occupational adaptation.…

Mallinson, Trudy; Mahaffey, Lisa; Kielhofner, Gary

1998-01-01

364

Occupational Wellbeing in a School Community--Staff's and Occupational Health Nurses' Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is part of an action research project titled "Promotion of School Community Staff's Occupational Wellbeing in Co-operation with Occupational Health Nurses" (2001-04), which aims to promote occupational wellbeing by actions that maintain the staff's ability to work in 12 school communities in Eastern Finland. This paper describes…

Saaranen, Terhi; Tossavainen, Kerttu; Turunen, Hannele; Vertio, Harri

2006-01-01

365

Impact of the Fukushima nuclear accident on background radiation doses measured by control dosimeters in Japan.  

PubMed

After the 9.0 magnitude earthquake and subsequent massive tsunami on 11 March 2011 in Japan, several reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant suffered severe damage. There was immediate participation of U.S. Navy vessels and other United States Department of Defense (DoD) teams that were already in the area at the time of the disaster or arrived shortly thereafter. The correct determination of occupational dose equivalent requires estimation of the background dose component measured by control dosimeters, which is subsequently subtracted from the total dose equivalent measured by personal dosimeters. The purpose of the control dosimeters is to determine the amount of radiation dose equivalent that has accumulated on the dosimeter from background or other non-occupational sources while they are in transit or being stored. Given the release of radioactive material and potential exposure to radiation from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant and the process by which the U.S. Navy calculates occupational exposure to ionizing radiation, analysis of pre- and post-event control dosimeters is warranted. Several hundred historical dose records from the Naval Dosimetry Center (NDC) database were analyzed and compared with the post-accident dose equivalent data of control dosimeters. As result, it was shown that the dose contribution of the radiation and released radiological materials from the Fukushima nuclear accident to background radiation doses is less than 0.375 ?Sv d for shallow and deep photon dose equivalent. There is no measurable effect on neutron background exposure. The latter has at least two important conclusions. First, the NDC can use doses measured by control dosimeters at issuing sites in Japan for determination of personnel dose equivalents; second, the dose data from control dosimeters prior to and after the Fukushima accident may be used to assist in dose reconstruction of non-radiological (non-badged) personnel at these locations. PMID:22469931

Romanyukha, Alexander; King, David L; Kennemur, Lisa K

2012-05-01

366

The 1986 residential occupant survey  

SciTech Connect

In 1986, Pacific Northwest Laboratory developed the Residential Occupant Survey-Spring '86, which was implemented. The overall purpose of the study was to collect demographic, attitudinal, and behavioral data related to the use and conservation of electricity in dwellings participating in the Bonneville Power Administration's End-Use Load and Conservation Assessment Program (ELCAP). Information was collected on the respondents' perceptions of the energy efficiency of their dwelling, temperature the dwelling was kept when people were at home and awake during the last heating season, which rooms, if any, were not heated during the last heating season, number of times the dwelling was unoccupied for at least one week, number of times pets were let out of the dwelling per day, attitudes toward energy use and conservation and several socio-demographic variables such as age, sex, and total household income. The results of the data analyses showed age to be an important factor for reported indoor temperature and perceived energy efficiency of the dwelling. The results also showed that almost 60% of the ELCAP occupants do not heat one or more rooms during the heating season, and almost 45% of the ELCAP dwellings were unoccupied for at least one week during the reporting period. In terms of the reported allocation of household income for household energy expenses, the results showed that the reported dollar amount spent for the expenses remained relatively constant over income levels.

Ivey, D.L.; Alley, P.K.

1987-04-01

367

MELCOR analysis of the TMI-2 accident  

SciTech Connect

The MELCOR computer code has been used to analyze the first 174 minutes of the TMI-2 accident. MELCOR is being developed at Sandia National Laboratories for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission for the purpose of analyzing severe accidents in nuclear power plants. Comparison of the code predictions to the available data shows that MELCOR is capable of modeling the key events of the TMI-2 accident and reasonable agreement with the available data is obtained. In particular, the core degradation and hydrogen generation models agree with best-estimate information available for this phase of the accident. While the code uses simplified modeling, all important characteristics of the reactor system and the accident phenomena could be modeled. This exercise demonstrates that MELCOR is applicable to severe accident analysis. 6 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

Boucheron, E.A.; Kelly, J.E.

1988-01-01

368

Accident investigation board report on the May 14, 1997, chemical explosion at the Plutonium Reclamation Facility, Hanford Site,Richland, Washington - summary report  

SciTech Connect

This report is a summary of the Accident Investigation Board Report on the May 14, 1997, Chemical Explosion at the Plutonium Reclamation Facility, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington (DOE/RL-97-59). The referenced report provides a greater level of detail and includes a complete discussion of the facts identified, analysis of those facts, conclusions derived from the analysis, identification of the accident`s causal factors, and recommendations that should be addressed through follow-up action by the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors. This companion document provides a concise summary of that report, with emphasis on management issues. Evaluation of emergency and occupational health response to, and radiological and chemical releases from, this accident was not within the scope of this investigation, but is the subject of a separate investigation and report (see DOE/RL-97-62).

Gerton, R.E.

1997-08-07

369

Psychiatric consequences of road traffic accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To determine the psychiatric consequences of being a road traffic accident victim. DESIGN--Follow up study of road accident victims for up to one year. SETTING--Emergency department of the John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford. SUBJECTS--188 consecutive road accident victims aged 18-70 with multiple injuries (motorcycle or car) or whiplash neck injury, who had not been unconscious for more than 15 minutes, and

R Mayou; B Bryant; R Duthie

1993-01-01

370

Posttraumatic stress disorder following road traffic accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to determine the psychological effects of everyday road traffic accidents (RTAs). Methods: A community follow-up study was made of children (75 boys and 83 girls aged 7–18)—attending an Accident and Emergency Department after being involved in an RTA. Diagnostic clinical interview and self-completed psychometric assessments were performed. Results: Four weeks post-accident diagnostic

Paul Stallard; Emma Salter; Richard Velleman

2004-01-01

371

Biomechanical injury evaluation of laminated side door windows and sunroof during rollover accidents.  

PubMed

Significantly more fatalities and serious injuries occur due to ejection in roll over accidents. The present study was conducted to determine the occupant retention and head-neck injury potential aspects of laminated glass in side door windows and sunroofs during roll over accidents. The test protocol for this study was based on National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) studies for advanced glazing. The impact study of 18 kg with head-neck form was conducted on laminated glass of side doors and sunroofs from production vehicles. The drop speed was varied from 11 to 16 kph. The Hybrid III 50% male dummy head-neck form was impacted on the approximately center of the glass portion of the windows. The head injury criteria, head resultant acceleration, and neck loads and moments were quantified. A series of drop tests were conducted on roll down side windows with laminated glass. The head-neck biomechanical parameters were well below the critical value injury tolerance limits. Results indicated that the glass contained the dummy assembly and the head-neck biomechanical parameters were below the critical value injury tolerance limits in simulated rollover accidents. The present study demonstrates that head-neck injury is unlikely due to laminated glass side windows and sunroof laminated glass used in production vehicles during rollover accidents and that the dummy is contained by the laminated glazing. PMID:12724901

Sances, Anthony; Kumaresan, Srirangam; Carlin, Fred; Friedman, Keith; Meyer, Steve

2003-01-01

372

Aircraft Loss-of-Control Accident Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Loss of control remains one of the largest contributors to fatal aircraft accidents worldwide. Aircraft loss-of-control accidents are complex in that they can result from numerous causal and contributing factors acting alone or (more often) in combination. Hence, there is no single intervention strategy to prevent these accidents. To gain a better understanding into aircraft loss-of-control events and possible intervention strategies, this paper presents a detailed analysis of loss-of-control accident data (predominantly from Part 121), including worst case combinations of causal and contributing factors and their sequencing. Future potential risks are also considered.

Belcastro, Christine M.; Foster, John V.

2010-01-01

373

Simulation of beyond design basis accidents.  

E-print Network

??Accident Management (AM) Programme werden gemeinhin als wichtiger Punkt des Defence in Depths Konzepts für Kernkraftwerke gesehen. Durch sorgfältige Analyse von auslegungsüberschreitenden Reaktorstörfällen ist es… (more)

Müllner, Nikolaus

2010-01-01

374

URBAN ROAD ACCIDENTS IN DHAKA, BANGLADESH Dr. Ishtiaque Ahmed  

E-print Network

URBAN ROAD ACCIDENTS IN DHAKA, BANGLADESH Dr. Ishtiaque Ahmed Associate Professor, Faculty of Civil of accidents and accident rates. A total number of 2,720 accidents occurred during 2007-2011. This has caused a total of 1,481 numbers of pedestrian fatal accidents with 1,562 pedestrian fatal casualties. The primary

Crawford, Ian

375

Summer activities: incidents and accidents.  

PubMed

Summer invites activities and sports that are unique to this time of year. Although safety is a priority, there are commonly accidents and incidents that occur while individuals are participating in these activities. The prevalence and incidence of several types of injuries and trauma related to water activities, camping, caving, backpacking, and hiking are discussed. Treatment of nonfatal drowning is discussed, along with the pathophysiologic process that must be corrected for optimal outcomes. Summer is a time for outdoor cooking, campfires, and the traditional Fourth of July firework pastimes, which can result in admissions to critical care areas. PMID:23692945

Krau, Stephen D

2013-06-01

376

Teaching Guide for Social Service Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide for social service occupations is one of a series of five performance and employer-based secondary level guides for vocational education. Part 1 provides tools, resources, and a process to be used at the local level to develop a social service occupations training curriculum and supporting instructional activities. It includes…

Kempton, Robert F.

377

An Analysis of the Machine Trades Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the machine trades occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Fifteen duties are broken down into a number…

Hall, Charles W.; Emory, Harold L.

378

Health Occupation Drilldowns for Milwaukee County  

E-print Network

an average of only 12 physical therapist assistants were newly credentialed each year. Dental Hygienists 0 10 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2008 Not Current Current Physical Therapist Assistants 0 20 40% 99% Physical therapist assistants 205 --- 16% 79% Occupational therapist 540 4% 8% 94% Occupational

Saldin, Dilano

379

Occupational Therapy Assistants Program. Demonstration Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between November 1964 and June 1967, 85 women and five men completed a 4-month course held in several Wisconsin locations to prepare them as Certified Occupational Therapy Assistants to (1) plan and direct a general activity or supportive program of occupational therapy, (2) train individual patients in independent performance of activities of…

Wisconsin State Board of Health, Madison.

380

Health Occupation Drilldowns for Milwaukee County  

E-print Network

Physical Therapists Physical Therapist Assistants Page 1 2 6 8 10 12 14 16 This report is one of a series nurses, dental hygienists, occupational therapists, occupational therapy assistants, physical therapists, and physical therapist assistants. The health industry is the dominant force in the current job market

Saldin, Dilano

381

Architecture & Design Arts Occupations, 1940-1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from federal government records and professional membership organizations, this study examines trends in demographics, education, employment, and earnings of architects and individuals in design arts occupations between 1940-1990. Findings indicate that: (1) participation in architecture and design occupations has increased slightly as…

Chartrand, Harry Hillman

382

Health Occupations: Clinical Rotations and Learning Packets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A one-year introductory course covering twelve different health occupations is presented in this curriculum guide designed for use at the secondary education level. Following a list of course objectives and suggested time allotments for each unit, the health occupations course outline is provided. Unit titles are the following: orientation and…

Perrine, Patricia

383

An Analysis of the Laboratory Assisting Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the laboratory assistant occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Eleven duties are broken down into a…

McGee, Patricia; And Others

384

Lather (Interior Systems Mechanic). Occupational Analyses Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis covers tasks performed by a lather, an occupational title some provinces and territories of Canada have also identified as drywall and acoustical mechanic; interior systems installer; and interior systems mechanic. A guide to analysis discusses development, structure, and validation method; scope of the occupation; trends; and…

Chapman, Mike; Chapman, Carol; MacLean, Margaret

385

The Growth of an Occupational Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents a speculative model of the growth and development of an occupational education program as it responds to changes in student interests and job market conditions. Informal discussions with the directors of several occupational schools in Massachusetts provided the base for the model. Intended as a tool for educational managers, to…

Garet, Michael S.

386

An Analysis of the Bank Teller Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the bank teller occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Ten duties are broken down into a number of…

Frazer, William C.; And Others

387

Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach occupancy,  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach occupancy, 2009 2010 Cefas contract report C3635 Environment Report RL 01/10 #12;1 Environment Report RL 01/10 Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach. Survey area 9 Map 1 The Cumbrian coast beach occupancy survey area 10 3.1 General observations 11 3

388

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Beach Occupancy, 2007  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Beach Occupancy, 2007 Environment Report RL 02/08 Customer: Sellafield Beach Occupancy, 2007 Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science Lowestoft Laboratory to Seamill 12 4.2.1 Beach description 12 4.2.2 Activities 13 4.3 Seamill Lane to Coulderton and Nethertown 15

389

An Analysis of the Commercial Art Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the commercial artist occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Seventeen duties are broken down into a…

Mowen, Kenneth A.; And Others

390

Consistency of the burnout construct across occupations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the extent to which a recently developed measure of burnout extended the concept of burnout as developed among human service providers to people in other occupations. The study replicated a factor structure derived from a study of aircraft maintenance workers, computer programmers, and administrators with staff in various occupations across two health care settings: a tertiary care

Michael P. Leiter; Wilmar B. Schaufeli

1996-01-01

391

Panel Session: Tools, Materials, and Occupation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tools and materials play an important role in many human occupations. They are a source of meaning in their own right, a means to do or accomplish, and a link between individual doing and societal activities across time. This panel will focus on the ways that changes in tools affect the organization and meaning of occupations for individuals and society.

Valerie Howells; Clare Hocking; Virginia Dickie

2004-01-01

392

Parkinsonism and occupational exposure to pesticides  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVETo examine the risk of parkinsonism related to lifetime occupational exposure to pesticides among a cohort of men, mostly orchardists, in Washington State.METHODSAll 310 subjects in this study had previously participated in a cohort study of men occupationally exposed to pesticides. Subjects were given a structured neurological examination and completed a self administered questionnaire which elicited detailed information on pesticide

L S Engel; H Checkoway; M C Keifer; N S Seixas; W T Longstreth Jr; K C Scott; K Hudnell; W K Anger; R Camicioli

2001-01-01

393

Health Occupations Cluster. Secondary Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide was designed for use in secondary health occupations education programs in Georgia. It provides a model for organizing vocational instructional content in health occupations, such as nurse, dental assistant, medical lab technician, radiologic technician, emergency medical technician, respiratory therapy assistant, medical…

Simpson, Bruce; And Others

394

Agriculture Products Processing. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

395

UNIVERSITY HEALTH CENTER UGA OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY HEALTH CENTER UGA OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH APPROVAL FOR PHYSICAL EXAMS, EYE EXAMS, LAB WORK No Faculty/Staff: Yes No UGA Employment: Full-Time Part-Time New to Occupational Health Program? Yes No E: Release of Information: I authorize the University Health Center ("UHC") at The University of Georgia

Arnold, Jonathan

396

Painter and Decorator. Occupational Analyses Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis covers tasks performed by a painter and decorator, an occupational title some provinces and territories of Canada have also identified as painter and painter and decorator--commercial and residential. A guide to analysis discusses development, structure, and validation method; scope of the occupation; trends; and safety. To…

Chapman, Mike; MacCallum, Marilyn; Maddocks, Christopher

397

An Interview with an Occupational Therapist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sharon Crane is a pediatric occupational therapist with over 20 years of experience working with children and families. "Zero to Three" interviews her to discuss how occupational therapy may move beyond a strictly therapeutic orientation toward services that address wellness and prevention. Crane has created programs for parents and…

Crane, Sharon

2005-01-01

398

Home Economics Related Occupations Training Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A framework is provided for teacher use in coordinating related classroom instruction, vocational homemaking student career objectives, and planned training station learning experiences. The details were prepared and revised by students of Home Economics Related Occupations 585 at Indiana State University. Child care occupation plans include those…

Kupsinel, P., Ed.

399

Environmental Management. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

400

Health Occupations: Grade 8. Cluster II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum guide for grade 8, the document is devoted to the occupational cluster "Health Occupations." It is divided into four units: the hospital, preventive medicine, drug use and abuse, and alcohol and tobacco. Each unit is introduced by a statement of the topic, the unit's purpose, main ideas, quests, and a list of career opportunities…

Calhoun, Olivia H.

401

Smart Automotive Airbags: Occupant Classification and Tracking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of airbags into automobiles has significantly improved the safety of the occupants. Unfortunately, airbags can also cause fatal injuries if the occupant is a child smaller (in weight) than a typical six-year-old. Between 1986 and 2001, 19 infants and 85 children were killed by airbags during relatively minor vehicle collisions. In addition to these infant and child deaths,

Michael E. Farmer; Anil K. Jain

2007-01-01

402

Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute  

E-print Network

and clinical research in environmental health sciences and exposure assessment and fosters associated programs exposures impact human health · Identify and measure human environmental and occupational chemical exposures areas of occupational and environmental health, toxicology and risk assessment. EOHSI members are active

Neimark, Alexander V.

403

Marketing Management. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

404

Medical Assistant. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

405

Dental Assistant. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

406

The New Industrial Electrics/Electronics Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information on occupations in industrial electrics/electronics in the Federal Republic of Germany. Section I contains the German vocational training regulations for these occupations, including an overview of training, examinations, and the new notion of qualification. A chart illustrates the structure for training in…

German Federal Inst. for Vocational Training Affairs, Berlin (Germany).

407

Intergenerational Wellness Programming in Occupational Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an intergenerational service-learning project, occupational therapy interns provided wellness interventions for older adults residing in a community house. Occupational performance measures improved for six of eight clients. Students increased knowledge of wellness planning and programming. The program was consistent with the house's mission of…

Pearlman, Victoria; Wallingford, Minetta S.

2003-01-01

408

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Insurance Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 56 occupational skill standards for the insurance occupational cluster, as required for the state of Illinois. Skill standards, which were developed by committees that included educators and representatives from business, industry, and labor, are intended to promote education and training investment and ensure that students…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

409

Academic and Occupational Performance: A Quantitative Synthesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A synthesis of results from 35 studies of the association between academic and occupational performance in various fields indicated that academic indicators such as grades and test scores account for only 2.4 percent of the variance in occupational performance criteria such as income, job satisfaction, and effectiveness ratings. (Author/BW)

Samson, Gordon E.; And Others

1984-01-01

410

Implementing An Occupational Information System. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Washington Occupational Information System (WOIS) is a project of a consortium of State education and employment agencies to provide dissemination of occupational and educational information to both users and producers: schools, social service and manpower agencies, employees, and employers. The WOIS project organization and operation is…

Friet, James E.; Schmidt, Roy L.

411

An Analysis of the Alteration Specialist Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the textile service occupation. The industry needs properly trained alteration specialists, bushelmen and dressmakers, in the repairing, remodeling, altering or renovating of garments. Their personal…

Buerkel, Elaine; Rehling, Joseph H.

412

Toward WHO-recommended occupational exposure limits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The WHO Project on Recommended Health-based Limits in Occupational Exposure resulted in the development of occupational exposure limit (OEL) values for a few groups of widely used industrial chemicals. A comparative analysis of the WHO-recommended OEL and existing OEL in selected countries has been made. It was shown that in the OEL's development, there is need for harmonization of methodology,

M. I. Mikheev

1995-01-01

413

The New Industrial Metalworking Occupations. Descriptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information on occupations in industrial metalworking in the Federal Republic of Germany. Section I contains the German vocational training regulations for these occupations, including an overview of training, examinations, reorganization of the industrial metalworking trades, and characteristic features of the new…

German Federal Inst. for Vocational Training Affairs, Berlin (Germany).

414

Industrial Instrument Mechanic. Occupational Analyses Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis covers tasks performed by an industrial instrument mechanic, an occupational title some provinces and territories of Canada have also identified as industrial instrumentation and instrument mechanic. A guide to analysis discusses development, structure, and validation method; scope of the occupation; trends; and safety. To facilitate…

Dean, Ann; Zagorac, Mike; Bumbaka, Nick

415

An Analysis of the Carpentry Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the carpentry occupation. The analysis starts with the progress of a house from the first study of the blueprints to the laying out of the excavations and continuing step-by-step until the interior finish…

McKinney, Oral O.; And Others

416

A Strategy for Assessing Occupational Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

An exploratory study was conducted at the Occupational Therapy Section of Dwight David Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Fort Gordon, Georgia to develop a clinical instrument for assessment and follow-up documentation of progress for psychosocial inpatients. A wheel diagram was designed for graphic portrayal of competency levels. The four areas selected for the Occupational Behavioral Assessment were: Work, Leisure, Social Competence

Clyde H. Bell Jr; Peter L. Ingeman

1983-01-01

417

An Analysis of the Bookkeeping Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the bookkeeping occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Eight duties are broken down into a number of…

Harnish, Ronald; And Others

418

Occupational asthma: natural history, evaluation and management  

SciTech Connect

A variety of occupational circumstances are capable of inducing asthma by specific exposure to airborne dusts, gases, vapors and fumes. The authors review the clinical history of the disease, including detection of exposures and diagnostic tests. The natural history of occupational asthma, its management and finally its prevention are then discussed.

Lam, S.; Chan-Yeung, M.

1987-04-01

419

Cultural Relativism: Occupation and Independence Reconsidered.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study focused on the experiences of 22 occupational therapy students working with people from different social and cultural backgrounds in New Zealand over a 3-year period. Results highlight issues about how occupation and independence are conceptualized across cultures. (Contains 102 references.) (JOW)

Whiteford, Gail Elizabeth; Wilcock, Ann Allart

2000-01-01

420

The Occupational, Learning, and Social Support Orientations of Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates relationship between work stability/satisfaction and occupational, learning, and social support orientations of rehabilitation personnel. Employees have occupational characteristics of social, artistic, and investigative profiles. Matching rehabilitative facilities promotes stable and satisfying work situations. Occupational

Maynard, Marianne

1979-01-01

421

Epidemiology, Biostatistics & Occupational Health Epidemiology Seminar Series, Fall 2014  

E-print Network

Epidemiology, Biostatistics & Occupational Health Epidemiology Seminar Series, Fall 2014 SPECIAL DEPARTMENT OF EPIDEMIOLOGY, BIOSTATISTICS AND OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, - SEMINAR SERIES IS A SELF-APPROVED GROUP, Biostatistics and Occupational Health Director, McGill Global Health Programs Associate Director, Mc

Shoubridge, Eric

422

77 FR 2340 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Occupational Information Development Advisory...an occupational information system (OIS) tailored...of occupational information in our disability...and the research design of the OIS, including...taxonomy, work analysis...

2012-01-17

423

76 FR 2189 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Occupational Information Development Advisory...an occupational information system (OIS) tailored...of occupational information in SSA's disability...and the research design of the OIS, including...taxonomy, work analysis...

2011-01-12

424

The Relationship between Congruent Specialty Choice within Occupations and Satisfaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined hypothesis that relationship between congruent specialty choice within occupations and satisfaction exceeds relationship between congruent occupational choice and satisfaction. Responses from 324 engineers, physicians, nurses, teachers, policemen, biologists, lawyers, and psychologists to appropriate within-occupation interest inventories…

Meir, Elchanan I.; Yaari, Yael

1988-01-01

425

75 FR 55625 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SSA-2010-0058] Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY: Social...and capture of physical and mental/cognitive demands of work and other occupational... Mail: Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2010-09-13

426

75 FR 71787 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY...of physical and mental/cognitive demands of work and other...Occupational Information System Development (OID) project activities...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social...

2010-11-24

427

75 FR 41919 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY...of physical and mental/cognitive demands of work and other...Occupational Information System Development (OID) project activities...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social...

2010-07-19

428

75 FR 29600 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY...of physical and mental/ cognitive demands of work and other...Occupational Information System Development Project activities and the...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social...

2010-05-26

429

75 FR 10545 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY...of physical and mental/cognitive demands of work and other...Occupational Information System Development Project activities and the...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social...

2010-03-08

430

75 FR 63888 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SSA-2010-0067] Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY: Social...and capture of physical and mental/ cognitive demands of work and other occupational...addressed to the Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2010-10-18

431

20 CFR 638.504 - Occupational exploration program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Occupational exploration program. 638.504 Section 638.504...Operations § 638.504 Occupational exploration program. An occupational exploration program shall be provided by all centers...

2010-04-01

432

Occupational Segregation by Race and Sex, 1940-88.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creates a comprehensive picture of the evolution of occupational differentiation along race and gender lines since 1940 using a dissimilarity measure of occupational differentiation. Focuses on the reduction of occupational differentiation between African-American and white women. (JOW)

King, Mary C.

1992-01-01

433

Analyzing The Interactions between Brown-out Accidents and Night Vision Equipment in Military Aviation Accidents  

E-print Network

Aviation 2 rapid, or as uniform, as many would like. Expressed as an accident rate there were 7.583 Class Aviation Accidents: Loss of a UK RAF Puma Helicopter on Operational Duty in Iraq, November 2007 C US Army Aviators have been involved in almost 400,000 accidents costing in excess of $4 billion

Johnson, Chris

434

Injury and Illness Prevention Programs Investigation of Accidents, Injuries and Illnesses INVESTIGATION OF ACCIDENTS,  

E-print Network

Injury and Illness Prevention Programs Investigation of Accidents, Injuries and Illnesses 1 INVESTIGATION OF ACCIDENTS, INJURIES AND ILLNESSES AG TOOL 1 I. Purpose Investigations are conducted to find out the cause of accidents, injuries and illnesses, and to prevent similar events from happening in the future

Leistikow, Bruce N.

435

Date of Accident: _____/_____/________ Day of Week: __________________ Hour: _____:______ AM / PM TIME VEHICLE ACCIDENT REPORT  

E-print Network

Page 1/2 Date of Accident: _____/_____/________ Day of Week: __________________ Hour: _____:______ AM / PM TIME VEHICLE ACCIDENT REPORT TO BE USED BY ALL STATE AGENCIES to make immediate report of all motor vehicle accidents involving State employees, vehicles, equipment or where highways could result

Farritor, Shane

436

Effects of the Chernobyl accident on public perceptions of nuclear plant accident risks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessments of public perceptions of the characteristics of a nuclear power plant accident and affective responses to its likelihood were conducted 5 months before and 1 month after the Chernobyl accident. Analyses of data from 69 residents of southwestern Washington showed significant test-retest correlations for only 10 of 18 variables--accident likelihood, three measures of impact characteristics, three measures of affective

Michael K. Lindell; Ronald W. Perry

1990-01-01

437

Variations in Intensity, Fundamental Frequency, and Voicing for Teachers in Occupational Versus Non-Occupational Settings  

PubMed Central

Purpose This study creates a more concise picture of the vocal demands placed on teachers by comparing occupational voice use with non-occupational voice use. Methods The National Center for Voice and Speech voice dosimetry databank was used to calculate voicing percentage per hour, as well as average dB SPL and F0. Occupational voice use (9am-3 PM, weekdays) and non-occupational voice use (4 PM-10 PM, weekends) were compared (57 teachers, two weeks each). Results Five key findings were uncovered: [1] similar to previous studies, occupational voicing percentage per hour is more than twice that of non-occupational; [2] teachers experienced a wide range of occupational voicing percentages per hour (30±11%/hr); [3] average occupational voice was about 1 dB SPL louder than the non-occupational voice and remained constant throughout the day; [4] occupational voice exhibited an increased pitch and trended upward throughout the day; [5] some apparent gender differences were shown. Conclusions Data regarding voicing percentages, F0 and dB SPL provide critical insight into teachers’ vocal health. Further, because non-occupational voice use is added to an already overloaded voice, it may add key insights into recovery patterns, and should be the focus of future studies. PMID:20689046

Hunter, Eric J.; Titze, Ingo R.

2012-01-01

438

Occupancy change detection system and method  

SciTech Connect

A robot platform includes perceptors, locomotors, and a system controller. The system controller executes instructions for producing an occupancy grid map of an environment around the robot, scanning the environment to generate a current obstacle map relative to a current robot position, and converting the current obstacle map to a current occupancy grid map. The instructions also include processing each grid cell in the occupancy grid map. Within the processing of each grid cell, the instructions include comparing each grid cell in the occupancy grid map to a corresponding grid cell in the current occupancy grid map. For grid cells with a difference, the instructions include defining a change vector for each changed grid cell, wherein the change vector includes a direction from the robot to the changed grid cell and a range from the robot to the changed grid cell.

Bruemmer, David J. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID; Few, Douglas A. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID

2009-09-01

439

[Occupational asthma to metabisulfites . Three cases].  

PubMed

Sulfites are compounds which are mainly used in the agricultural, food and pharmaceutical industry as preservatives. The possibility of manifestations of acute hypersensitivity appearing after the ingestion or inhalation of sulfites has already been described several times, over the past twenty years. Amongst these manifestations and indeed the one that is most often present is bronchospasm, which can sometimes be severe. A few cases of occupational intolerance through contact eczema to sulfites have also been published. The idea of occupational asthma to metabisulphates is, on the other hand, extremely recent; its legal recognition only dates back to 1989. The authors present three new cases of occupational asthma to metabisulphites stressing the value of a specific provocation test and the different hypotheses for the pathogenesis of the disorder are reviewed. Preventative measures are always preferable to avoid the development of severe occupational asthma. In all cases, notification of occupational asthma is necessary. PMID:9805765

Agard, C; Nicolet-Akhavan, F; Bouillard, J; Sandron, D

1998-09-01

440

The contribution of occupation to health inequality  

PubMed Central

Health is distributed unequally by occupation. Workers on a lower rung of the occupational ladder report worse health, have a higher probability of disability and die earlier than workers higher up the occupational hierarchy. Using a theoretical framework that unveils some of the potential mechanisms underlying these disparities, three core insights emerge: (i) there is selection into occupation on the basis of initial wealth, education, and health, (ii) there will be behavioural responses to adverse working conditions, which can have compensating or reinforcing effects on health, and (iii) workplace conditions increase health inequalities if workers with initially low socioeconomic status choose harmful occupations and don’t offset detrimental health effects. We provide empirical illustrations of these insights using data for the Netherlands and assess the evidence available in the economics literature. PMID:24899789

Ravesteijn, Bastian; van Kippersluis, Hans; van Doorslaer, Eddy

2014-01-01

441

[Isocyanates: occupational exposures and disorders].  

PubMed

Isocyanates are extensively used for the production of different foams and elastomers. They also serve as glues, lacquer hardeners, inks, adhesives, fillers, finishes, sealants, coating and insulation materials. Usually, their application results in inhalative, partly also in cutaneous uptake. This review describes occupational exposures to isocyanates as well as hazardous effects. Isocyanates are used in the automotive/mechanical engineering/building and construction/mining/casting/electricity and electronic/plastics/printing/timber and furniture/white goods and textile industry, partly also in medicine. Hazardous exposures to thermal degradation products of isocyanate-based polyurethanes and other materials have also be taken into consideration. Obstructive airway diseases are the major disorder caused by isocyanates. Rare cases suffer from extrinsic allergic alveolitis or eczema. In addition to regulation-based primary prevention qualitative medical surveillance mostly prevents disorders. There is also a need for the establishment of a validated biomonitoring of endangered employees. PMID:13680473

Baur, X

2003-09-01

442

Trichloroethylene: environmental and occupational exposure.  

PubMed

Trichloroethylene is used in paint strippers, rug cleaners, spot removers, typewriter correction fluid and industrial cleaners. It is a common environmental contaminant, detected in over one-third of hazardous waste sites and in 10 percent of groundwater sources. Acute workplace exposure above acceptable levels can cause neurologic, respiratory and hepatic problems. The health effects of prolonged occupational and environmental low-level exposure are probably minimal, but whether such exposure poses a risk remains controversial. Although trichloroethylene has been shown to cause cancer in some animals, it has not been proven to be a human carcinogen. Trichloroethylene has been involved in several well-publicized cases of contamination of community water supplies, and family physicians are likely to receive questions about this chemical. PMID:1636564

Campos-Outcalt, D

1992-08-01

443

Trichloroethylene: environmental and occupational exposure  

SciTech Connect

Trichloroethylene is used in paint strippers, rug cleaners, spot removers, typewriter correction fluid and industrial cleaners. It is a common environmental contaminant, detected in over one-third of hazardous waste sites and in 10 percent of groundwater sources. Acute workplace exposure above acceptable levels can cause neurologic, respiratory and hepatic problems. The health effects of prolonged occupational and environmental low-level exposure are probably minimal, but whether such exposure poses a risk remains controversial. Although trichloroethylene has been shown to cause cancer in some animals, it has not been proven to be a human carcinogen. Trichloroethylene has been involved in several well-publicized cases of contamination of community water supplies, and family physicians are likely to receive questions about this chemical.22 references.

Campos-Outcalt, D. (University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson (United States))

1992-08-01

444

Occupational Health Problems of Musicians  

PubMed Central

Musicians, as well as other performing artists, may have their careers interrupted by, interfered with, or terminated by occupational health problems involving the neuro-musculoskeletal system. Adverse working conditions, organization, and activity may affect the health of musicians in all age groups and at all levels of performing ability. Instrument-specific health problems are related to excessive force, static loading, repetitive movement, and duration of musical performance. Important risk factors are 1) change in technique or instrument; 2) intense preparation for a performance; 3) preparation of a new and difficult repertoire; and 4) prolonged periods of performance without rest. Treatment protocols and health promotion or disease prevention programs are being developed in collaboration with the performing arts community. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3 PMID:21248930

Chong, John; Lynden, Melody; Harvey, David; Peebles, Marie

1989-01-01

445

Determination of Halo Occupation Distribution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, we propose a new method to calculate the Halo Occupation Distribution (HOD). It consist of subtract galaxies that are in front or behind the group (background galaxies), but, for projection effects, seem to belong to this. This allows to combine spectroscopic information from catalogs of galaxy groups with photometric information from catalogs of galaxies, the main advantage of this is the possibility to estimate the HOD in more ranges of absolute magnitudes. To evaluate the procedure, we used mock catalogs of galaxies and groups constructed with an imposed HOD. We compare this fiducial HOD with the obtained results by applying our method. Finally, we implement background subtraction in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey DR7, compare to the results of Yang et al. (2008) and calculate the HOD in other ranges of absolute magnitudes.

Rodriguez, F.; Sgró, M. A.; Merchán, M.

2014-10-01

446

GESTION DES PRESQUE ACCIDENTS ET ACCIDENTS MAJEURS : PREMIER BILAN D'UNE ENQUETE SUR DES SITES SEVESO  

E-print Network

GESTION DES PRESQUE ACCIDENTS ET ACCIDENTS MAJEURS : PREMIER BILAN D'UNE ENQUETE SUR DES SITES sur la gestion des presque accidents. Les presque accidents sont associés à la thématique des précurseurs et des signaux faibles, ces signaux qui sont rendus évident seulement une fois que l'accident est

Boyer, Edmond

447

Evolution, appearance, and occupational success.  

PubMed

Visual characteristics, including facial appearance, are thought to play an important role in a variety of judgments and decisions that have real occupational outcomes in many settings. Indeed, there is growing evidence suggesting that appearance influences hiring decisions and even election results. For example, attractive individuals are more likely to be hired, taller men earn more, and the facial appearance of candidates has been linked to real election outcomes. In this article, we review evidence linking physical appearance to occupational success and evaluate the hypothesis that appearance based biases are consistent with predictions based on evolutionary theories of coalition formation and leadership choice. We discuss why appearance based effects are so pervasive, addressing ideas about a "kernel of truth" in attributions and about coalitional psychology. We additionally highlight that appearance may be differently related to success at work according to the types of job or task involved. For example, leaders may be chosen because the characteristics they possess are seen as best suited to lead in particular situations. During a time of war, a dominant-appearing leader may inspire confidence and intimidate enemies while during peace-time, when negotiation and diplomacy are needed, interpersonal skills may outweigh the value of a dominant leader. In line with these ideas, masculine-faced leaders are favored in war-time scenarios while feminine-faced leaders are favored in peace-time scenarios. We suggest that such environment or task specific competencies may be prevalent during selection processes, whereby individuals whose appearance best matches perceived task competences are most likely selected, and propose the general term "task-congruent selection" to describe these effects. Overall, our review highlights how potentially adaptive biases could influence choices in the work place. With respect to certain biases, understanding their origin and current prevalence is important in order to potentially reduce discrimination in the work place. PMID:23379018

Little, Anthony C; Roberts, Craig S

2012-01-01

448

75 FR 57102 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting; Correction AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2010-09-17

449

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3...BOARD RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a...

2013-10-01

450

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3...BOARD RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a...

2012-10-01

451

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3...BOARD RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a...

2011-10-01

452

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3...BOARD RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a...

2010-10-01

453

41 CFR 101-39.407 - Accident records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AVIATION, TRANSPORTATION, AND MOTOR VEHICLES 39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.4-Accidents and Claims § 101-39.407 Accident records. If GSA's records of vehicle accidents indicate that a particular...

2010-07-01

454

41 CFR 101-39.407 - Accident records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Accident records. 101-39...MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS AVIATION, TRANSPORTATION...SYSTEMS 39.4-Accidents and Claims § 101-39...had an unusually high accident frequency rate or a high...

2012-07-01

455

33 CFR 173.55 - Report of casualty or accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Report of casualty or accident. 173.55 Section 173.55 Navigation...BOATING SAFETY VESSEL NUMBERING AND CASUALTY AND ACCIDENT REPORTING Casualty and Accident Reporting § 173.55 Report of...

2011-07-01

456

29 CFR 1926.200 - Accident prevention signs and tags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Accident prevention signs and tags. 1926...Signals, and Barricades § 1926.200 Accident prevention signs and tags. (a) General...regulations/ibr_locations.html. (h) Accident prevention tags. (1)...

2011-07-01

457

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section...RESEARCH VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2011-10-01

458

50 CFR 25.72 - Reporting of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reporting of accidents. 25.72 Section 25.72 Wildlife and Fisheries...PROVISIONS Safety Regulations § 25.72 Reporting of accidents. Accidents involving damage to property, injury to...

2013-10-01

459

49 CFR 225.11 - Reporting of accidents/incidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Reporting of accidents/incidents. 225.11 Section 225...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: REPORTS CLASSIFICATION...INVESTIGATIONS § 225.11 Reporting of accidents/incidents. (a) Each...

2013-10-01

460

32 CFR 636.13 - Traffic accident investigation reports.  

...2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Traffic accident investigation reports. 636.13 ...Stewart, Georgia § 636.13 Traffic accident investigation reports. In addition...Airfield installations will record traffic accident investigations on DA Form 3946...

2014-07-01

461

49 CFR 801.30 - Records from accident investigations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Records from accident investigations. 801.30 Section... PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Accident Investigation Records § 801.30 Records from accident investigations. Upon completion...

2010-10-01

462

33 CFR 173.55 - Report of casualty or accident.  

...2014-07-01 false Report of casualty or accident. 173.55 Section 173.55 Navigation...BOATING SAFETY VESSEL NUMBERING AND CASUALTY AND ACCIDENT REPORTING Casualty and Accident Reporting § 173.55 Report of...

2014-07-01

463

32 CFR 636.13 - Traffic accident investigation reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Traffic accident investigation reports. 636.13 ...Stewart, Georgia § 636.13 Traffic accident investigation reports. In addition...Airfield installations will record traffic accident investigations on DA Form 3946...

2013-07-01

464

40 CFR 68.168 - Five-year accident history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Five-year accident history. 68.168 Section 68...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Risk Management Plan § 68.168 Five-year accident history. The owner or...

2012-07-01

465

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

...2014-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3 Transportation...RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a railroad...

2014-10-01

466

40 CFR 68.168 - Five-year accident history.  

...2014-07-01 false Five-year accident history. 68.168 Section 68...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Risk Management Plan § 68.168 Five-year accident history. The owner or...

2014-07-01

467

22 CFR 102.17 - Reports on accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reports on accident. 102.17 Section 102.17 Foreign Relations...FUNCTIONS CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad Foreign Aircraft Accidents Involving United States Persons Or...

2012-04-01

468

29 CFR 1926.200 - Accident prevention signs and tags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Accident prevention signs and tags. 1926...Signals, and Barricades § 1926.200 Accident prevention signs and tags. (a) General...regulations/ibr_locations.html. (h) Accident prevention tags. (1)...

2013-07-01

469

46 CFR 326.4 - Reports of accidents and occurrences.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Reports of accidents and occurrences. 326.4 Section...AGREEMENTS WITH AGENTS § 326.4 Reports of accidents and occurrences. The Agent shall report every accident or occurrence of a P&I...

2013-10-01

470

29 CFR 1926.200 - Accident prevention signs and tags.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Accident prevention signs and tags. 1926...Signals, and Barricades § 1926.200 Accident prevention signs and tags. (a) General...by reference in § 1926.6. (h) Accident prevention tags. (1)...

2014-07-01

471

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section...PASSENGER VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2014-10-01

472

22 CFR 102.17 - Reports on accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Reports on accident. 102.17 Section 102.17 Foreign Relations...FUNCTIONS CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad Foreign Aircraft Accidents Involving United States Persons Or...

2013-04-01

473

49 CFR 225.11 - Reporting of accidents/incidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Reporting of accidents/incidents. 225.11 Section 225...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: REPORTS CLASSIFICATION...INVESTIGATIONS § 225.11 Reporting of accidents/incidents. (a) Each...

2012-10-01

474

32 CFR 634.29 - Traffic accident investigation reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Traffic accident investigation reports. 634.29 Section...Traffic Supervision § 634.29 Traffic accident investigation reports. (a) Accidents requiring immediate reports. The...

2011-07-01

475

14 CFR 291.22 - Aircraft accident liability insurance requirement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Aircraft accident liability insurance requirement. 291...Transportation § 291.22 Aircraft accident liability insurance requirement...carrier has and maintains in effect aircraft accident liability coverage that meets the...

2011-01-01

476

41 CFR 101-39.401 - Reporting of accidents.  

... 2012-07-01 true Reporting of accidents. 101-39.401 Section 101-39...39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.4-Accidents and Claims § 101-39.401 Reporting of accidents. (a) The operator of the...

2014-07-01

477

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section...RESEARCH VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2014-10-01

478

46 CFR 326.4 - Reports of accidents and occurrences.  

... 2014-10-01 false Reports of accidents and occurrences. 326.4 Section...AGREEMENTS WITH AGENTS § 326.4 Reports of accidents and occurrences. The Agent shall report every accident or occurrence of a P&I...

2014-10-01

479

14 CFR 420.59 - Launch site accident investigation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Launch site accident investigation plan. 420.59 Section...a Licensee § 420.59 Launch site accident investigation plan. (a) General...shall develop and implement a launch site accident investigation plan that contains...

2013-01-01

480

49 CFR 801.30 - Records from accident investigations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Records from accident investigations. 801.30 Section... PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Accident Investigation Records § 801.30 Records from accident investigations. Upon completion...

2011-10-01

481

22 CFR 102.17 - Reports on accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reports on accident. 102.17 Section 102.17 Foreign Relations...FUNCTIONS CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad Foreign Aircraft Accidents Involving United States Persons Or...

2010-04-01

482

14 CFR 415.41 - Accident investigation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Accident investigation plan. 415.41 Section...a Federal Launch Range § 415.41 Accident investigation plan. An applicant must file an accident investigation plan (AIP), that...

2010-01-01

483

41 CFR 101-39.401 - Reporting of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Reporting of accidents. 101-39.401 Section 101-39...39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.4-Accidents and Claims § 101-39.401 Reporting of accidents. (a) The operator of the...

2012-07-01

484

41 CFR 101-39.401 - Reporting of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2007-07-01 true Reporting of accidents. 101-39.401 Section 101-39...39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.4-Accidents and Claims § 101-39.401 Reporting of accidents. (a) The operator of the...

2011-07-01

485

10 CFR 71.73 - Hypothetical accident conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Hypothetical accident conditions. 71.73 Section 71...Tests 2 § 71.73 Hypothetical accident conditions. (a) Test procedures. Evaluation for hypothetical accident conditions is to be based...

2012-01-01

486

33 CFR 173.55 - Report of casualty or accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Report of casualty or accident. 173.55 Section 173.55 Navigation...BOATING SAFETY VESSEL NUMBERING AND CASUALTY AND ACCIDENT REPORTING Casualty and Accident Reporting § 173.55 Report of...

2012-07-01

487

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section...RESEARCH VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2010-10-01

488

14 CFR 415.41 - Accident investigation plan.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Accident investigation plan. 415.41 Section...a Federal Launch Range § 415.41 Accident investigation plan. An applicant must file an accident investigation plan (AIP), that...

2014-01-01

489

32 CFR 634.29 - Traffic accident investigation reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Traffic accident investigation reports. 634.29 Section...Traffic Supervision § 634.29 Traffic accident investigation reports. (a) Accidents requiring immediate reports. The...

2012-07-01

490

46 CFR 326.4 - Reports of accidents and occurrences.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Reports of accidents and occurrences. 326.4 Section...AGREEMENTS WITH AGENTS § 326.4 Reports of accidents and occurrences. The Agent shall report every accident or occurrence of a P&I...

2012-10-01

491

32 CFR 634.29 - Traffic accident investigation reports.  

...2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Traffic accident investigation reports. 634.29 Section...Traffic Supervision § 634.29 Traffic accident investigation reports. (a) Accidents requiring immediate reports. The...

2014-07-01

492

49 CFR 233.5 - Accidents resulting from signal failure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accidents resulting from signal failure. 233...REPORTING REQUIREMENTS § 233.5 Accidents resulting from signal failure. ...whenever it learns of the occurrence of an accident/incident arising from the...

2010-10-01

493

40 CFR 68.168 - Five-year accident history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Five-year accident history. 68.168 Section 68...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Risk Management Plan § 68.168 Five-year accident history. The owner or...

2013-07-01

494

48 CFR 852.236-87 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident prevention. 852.236-87 ...Provisions and Clauses 852.236-87 Accident prevention. As prescribed in...insert the following clause: Accident Prevention (SEP 1993)...

2010-10-01

495

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section...PASSENGER VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2010-10-01

496

22 CFR 102.17 - Reports on accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reports on accident. 102.17 Section 102.17 Foreign Relations...FUNCTIONS CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad Foreign Aircraft Accidents Involving United States Persons Or...

2011-04-01

497

48 CFR 852.236-87 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident prevention. 852.236-87 ...Provisions and Clauses 852.236-87 Accident prevention. As prescribed in...insert the following clause: Accident Prevention (SEP 1993)...

2013-10-01

498

14 CFR 294.40 - Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements. ...Requirements § 294.40 Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements. ...carrier has and maintains in effect aircraft accident liability coverage that meets...

2011-01-01

499

14 CFR 420.59 - Launch site accident investigation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Launch site accident investigation plan. 420.59 Section...a Licensee § 420.59 Launch site accident investigation plan. (a) General...shall develop and implement a launch site accident investigation plan that contains...

2010-01-01

500

14 CFR 294.40 - Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements. ...Requirements § 294.40 Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements. ...carrier has and maintains in effect aircraft accident liability coverage that meets...

2014-01-01