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1

[Occupational accidents in temporary work].  

PubMed

In 2000 in Italy about 470,000 workers found jobs provided by Temporary Work Agencies, i.e., more than twice the number in 1999. Temporary Work is an expanding phenomenon since it well suits the flexibility requirements of business: 77% of Temporary Work is in the manufacturing industry, involving mostly unskilled workers. The young age, low level of qualification, poor training, and lack of knowledge of the working environment are factors that can favour occupational accidents. There are studies that relate the frequency of labour accidents to the level of training and job experience. There are no data in the literature about occupational accidents during temporary work. Our study concerns sixteen temporary work Agencies that employed more than 250,000 manual workers in 2000. From the occupational accident registers of these agencies, we analysed all accidents concerning manual workers employed during 2000, with reference to: the number of accidents with up to three days prognosis, age, sex, nationality, prognosis pattern and cause. The agencies supplied data regarding the number of hours worked during 2000. We considered 5259 accidents: the overall frequency index (FI) was 92.1, with a considerable difference between the three main agencies (87.5) and the others. The mean age accident was 27.8 years, mean duration of sick leave 13.7 days, and the main causes were work tools (51.5%); 76% of the accidents concerned unskilled manual workers. The above indexes are definitely higher than those provided by INAIL (italian compulsory insurances) for the metalworking (38.1), construction (47.7) and mining (58.8) sectors during 1997. There is evidence that temporary work is related to an increased risk of occupational accidents. Further studies are required to confirm this evidence. PMID:11676190

Nola, A; Cattaneo, G; Maiocchi, A; Gariboldi, C; Rocchi, R; Cavallaro, S; Loreto, B; Lanfredini, L; Bassino, P

2001-01-01

2

Occupational Mental Health, Labor Accidents and Occupational Diseases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses the relationship between mental health and labor accidents as it pertains to accident prevention, treatment of accident victims, and their rehabilitation. It also comments briefly on mental health and occupational diseases and the scope of the field of occupational mental health from a Chilean perspective. (AG)

Naveillan, F. Pedro

1973-01-01

3

Eyewitness testimony in occupational accident investigations: towards a research agenda.  

PubMed

Accident investigation is frequently cited as the cornerstone of an effective occupational health and safety program. We suggest that the literature on accident investigation is based on a model of witnesses as neutral and accurate recording devices. The literature on eyewitness testimony and criminal investigation offers strikingly different conclusions. We review these findings and point to their implication for research on accident investigation in occupational health and safety contexts. PMID:15055344

Kelloway, E Kevin; Stinson, Veronica; MacLean, Carla

2004-02-01

4

Eyewitness Testimony in Occupational Accident Investigations: Towards a Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accident investigation is frequently cited as the cornerstone of an effective occupational health and safety program. We suggest that the literature on accident investigation is based on a model of witnesses as neutral and accurate recording devices. The literature on eyewitness testimony and criminal investigation offers strikingly different conclusions. We review these findings and point to their implication for research

E. Kevin Kelloway; Veronica Stinson; Carla MacLean

2004-01-01

5

Investigated serious occupational accidents in the Netherlands, 1998-2009.  

PubMed

Since 2003, a project has been underway to analyse the most serious occupational accidents in The Netherlands. All the serious occupational accidents investigated by the Dutch Labour Inspectorate for the 12 years of 1998-2009 inclusive have been entered into a database, a total of 20 030 investigations. This database uses a model of safety barriers supported by barrier tasks and management delivery systems such that, when combined with sector and year information, trends in the data can be analysed for their underlying causes. The trend analyses show that while the number of victims of serious reportable accidents is significantly decreasing, this is due to specific sectors, hazards and underlying causes. The significant results could not easily be directly associated with any specific regulation or action undertaken in The Netherlands although there have been many different approaches to reducing accidents during the period analysed, which could be contributing to the effect. PMID:24629867

Bellamy, Linda J; Manuel, Henk Jan; Oh, Joy I H

2014-01-01

6

Evaluation and Control of Occupational Accident Potential (513). Student Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A student manual considering evaluation and control of workplace accident potential is presented. The plan consists of a 5 day 40 contact hour course in the workshop format for professional occupational safety and health workers. It was prepared for the N...

1980-01-01

7

Fatal occupational accidents in Danish fishing vessels 1989-2005.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to study the circumstances and incidence rates of fatal accidents in inspection obligated and non-inspection obligated Danish fishing vessels to identify areas for prevention. Information about the fatalities came from maritime authority reports, including vessel disaster reports, post mortem reports, maritime inquiries and police reports. The person- and vessel years at risk came from the Danish Directorate of Fisheries. During the period 1989-2005, 114 fatalities occurred. Sixty-one of the fatalities occurred in 36 vessel disasters mainly caused by foundering/capsizing due to stability changes in rough weather and collisions; 39 fatal occupational accidents mainly occurred on the larger inspection obligated trawlers during fishing. In the remaining 14 other fatal accidents, the main causal factors were difficult embarking/disembarking conditions by darkness in foreign ports and alcohol intoxication. In the period 1995-2005, the overall incidence rate was 10 per 10,000 fishermen per year with no down-going trend during that period. The fatal accident rates are still too high, despite the efforts to reduce the risk. Increased focus on regular and repeated safety training for all fishermen and improved safety measures are needed, especially in the underscored areas of sea disasters concerning small vessels and occupational accidents on big vessels. Better registration of time at risk for fishermen is needed to validate the effect of the safety measures. PMID:18642168

Laursen, Lise H; Hansen, Henrik L; Jensen, Olaf C

2008-06-01

8

Occupational accidents in Russia and the Russian Arctic  

PubMed Central

Background According to official statistics, the rate of occupational accidents (OAs) and fatal injuries in Russia decreased about 5-fold and 2-fold, respectively, from 1975 to 2010, but working conditions during this period had the opposite trend; for example, the number of people who work in unfavourable and hazardous conditions (particularly since 1991) has increased significantly. Methods This review summarises the results of a search of the relevant peer-reviewed literature published in Russia and official statistics on OAs and occupational safety in Russia and the Russian Arctic in 1980–2010. Results The occupational safety system in Russia has severely deteriorated in the last 2 decades, with legislators tending to promote the interests of industry and business, resulting in the neglect of occupational safety and violation of workers’ rights. The majority of workers are employed in conditions that do not meet rules of safety and hygiene. More than 60% of OAs can be attributed to management practices – violation of safety regulations, poor organisation of work, deficiency of certified occupational safety specialists and inadequate personnel training. Research aimed at improving occupational safety and health is underfunded. There is evidence of widespread under-reporting of OAs, including fatal accidents. Three federal agencies are responsible for OAs recording; their data differ from each other as they use different methodologies. The rate of fatal OAs in Russia was 3–6 times higher than in Scandinavian countries and about 2 times higher compared to United States and Canada in 2001. In some Russian Arctic regions OAs levels are much higher. Conclusions Urgent improvement of occupational health and safety across Russia, especially in the Arctic regions, is needed.

Dudarev, Alexey A.; Karnachev, Igor P.; Odland, Jon ?yvind

2013-01-01

9

Occupational accidents in professional dance with focus on gender differences  

PubMed Central

Background Classical dance comprises gender specific movement tasks. There is a lack of studies which investigate work related traumatic injuries in terms of gender specific differences in detail. Objective To define gender related differences of occupational accidents. Methods Basis for the evaluation were occupational injuries of professional dancers from three (n?=?785; f: n?=?358, m: n?=?427) state theatres. Results The incidence rate (0.36 per year) was higher in males (m: 0.45, f: 0.29). There were gender specific differences as to the localizations of injuries, particularly the spine region (m: 17.3%, f: 9.8%, p?=?0.05) and ankle joint (m: 23.7%, f: 35.5%, p?=?0.003). Compared to male dancers, females sustained more injuries resulting from extrinsic factors. Significant differences could specifically be observed with dance floors (m: 8.8%, f: 15.1%, p?=?0.02). There were also significant gender differences observed with movement vocabulary. Conclusion The clearly defined gender specific movement activities in classical dance are reflected in occupational accidents sustained. Organisational structures as well as work environment represent a burden likewise to male and female dancers. The presented differences support the development of gender specific injury prevention measures.

2013-01-01

10

Epidemiology of Occupational Accidents in Iran Based on Social Security Organization Database  

PubMed Central

Background: Background: Today, occupational accidents are one of the most important problems in industrial world. Due to lack of appropriate system for registration and reporting, there is no accurate statistics of occupational accidents all over the world especially in developing countries. Objectives: The aim of this study is epidemiological assessment of occupational accidents in Iran. Materials and Methods: Information of available occupational accidents in Social Security Organization was extracted from accident reporting and registration forms. In this cross-sectional study, gender, age, economic activity, type of accident and injured body part in 22158 registered accidents during 2008 were described. Results: The occupational accidents rate was 253 in 100,000 workers in 2008. 98.2% of injured workers were men. The mean age of injured workers was 32.07 ± 9.12 years. The highest percentage belonged to age group of 25-34 years old. In our study, most of the accidents occurred in basic metals industry, electrical and non-electrical machines and construction industry. Falling down from height and crush injury were the most prevalent accidents. Upper and lower extremities were the most common injured body parts. Conclusion: Due to the high rate of accidents in metal and construction industries, engineering controls, the use of appropriate protective equipment and safety worker training seems necessary.

Mehrdad, Ramin; Seifmanesh, Shahdokht; Chavoshi, Farzaneh; Aminian, Omid; Izadi, Nazanin

2014-01-01

11

Progress in understanding processes underlying occupational accidents on the level based on case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this work was to further the knowledge of contexts surrounding accidents on the level in occupational situations with a view to proposing suitable actions for the prevention of these accidents. The study, undertaken at three establishments belonging to a national rail transport company, was based on quantitative and qualitative analysis of accident-on-the-level data available at the establishments

S. Leclercq; S. Thouy; E. Rossignol

2007-01-01

12

Biomechanical analysis of occupant kinematics in rollover motor vehicle accidents: dynamic spit test.  

PubMed

A better understanding of occupant kinematics in rollover accidents helps to advance biomechanical knowledge and to enhance the safety features of motor vehicles. While many rollover accident simulation studies have adopted the static approach to delineate the occupant kinematics in rollover accidents, very few studies have attempted the dynamic approach. The present work was designed to study the biomechanics of restrained occupants during rollover accidents using the steady-state dynamic spit test and to address the importance of keeping the lap belt fastened. Experimental tests were conducted using an anthropometric 50% Hybrid III dummy in a vehicle. The vehicle was rotated at 180 degrees/second and the dummy was restrained using a standard three-point restraint system. The lap belt of the dummy was fastened either by using the cinching latch plate or by locking the retractor. Three configurations of shoulder belt harness were simulated: shoulder belt loose on chest with cinch plate, shoulder belt under the left arm and shoulder belt behind the chest. In all tests, the dummy stayed within the confinement of the vehicle indicating that the securely fastened lap belt holds the dummy with dynamic movement of 3 1/2" to 4". The results show that occupant movement in rollover accidents is least affected by various shoulder harness positions with a securely fastened lap belt. The present study forms a first step in delineating the biomechanics of occupants in rollover accidents. PMID:15850090

Sances, Anthony; Kumaresan, Srirangam; Clarke, Richard; Herbst, Brian; Meyer, Steve

2005-01-01

13

Recording, notification, compilation, and classification of statistics of occupational accidents and diseases: the Thai experience.  

PubMed

An International Labour Organization (ILO) project was conducted in July and August 1995 in Thailand to assist with the development of an information system on occupational accidents and diseases for the Workmen's Compensation Fund (WCF). The WCF provides cash benefits and medical care to insured workers who suffer employment injuries. The project included literature research based on the facilities of the ILO in Bangkok, and those of the Thai government, and a thorough review of the ILO Code of Practice (the Code) on recording and notification of occupational accidents and diseases, and of other international recommendations on statistics of occupational accidents and diseases. A comparative study of various notification systems of occupational accidents and diseases in Australia, Canada, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States was conducted. The project also included fact-finding sessions among various information suppliers and users in Thailand. The Thai notification form for collecting data for the database was redesigned and pretested. Results of the project indicated that the Code is appropriate for the recording and notification of occupational accidents and diseases in Thailand. In addition, a number of information requirements, which were included in the notification systems in the countries studied but not listed in the Code, were found to be useful for the database. A list of the baseline variables to be included in the proposed database was developed, the notification form was redesigned, and coding schemes for the information collected on the redesigned form were constructed on the basis of international standard classification systems for economic activity, employment status, occupation, nature of injury, occupational disease, body part, type of accident, and agency. A number of mechanisms were suggested for cross-checking the accuracy of data in the database. Based on the review of the Code and other international recommendations on statistical reporting, a list of baseline statistics was formulated for inclusion in the WCF annual report. Lastly, some suggestions for future statistical analysis of the database were given. PMID:8941906

Choi, B C

1996-11-01

14

Progress in understanding processes underlying occupational accidents on the level based on case studies.  

PubMed

The purpose of this work was to further the knowledge of contexts surrounding accidents on the level in occupational situations with a view to proposing suitable actions for the prevention of these accidents. The study, undertaken at three establishments belonging to a national rail transport company, was based on quantitative and qualitative analysis of accident-on-the-level data available at the establishments concerned, typology of these accidents, interviews with victims and activity analysis. Understanding accidents on the level through building scenarios makes it possible to consider the relevance of prevention actions, such as workplace or environmental design/remediation and machine access system design. Moreover, it also makes it possible to consider curtailing the injury-causing aspect of the physical environment by reducing its 'aggressiveness'. Finally, the prospects emerging from this work in the research field are discussed. PMID:17178652

Leclercq, S; Thouy, S; Rossignol, E

2007-01-15

15

Occupational accidents and injury: comprehensive social support for post-trauma management of victims  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rise and growth of modern industries with much complicated industrial system has given rise to several labour problems in Asia and more so in India. Infact, the sudden impact of industrial revolution leading to rapid industrialisation had a bad effect on Industrial workers, health, safety and safe living. Predominant been the occupational accidents and the resultant injuries. The losses

M M Bagali

2010-01-01

16

Risk Perception and Occupational Accidents: A Study of Gas Station Workers in Southern Brazil  

PubMed Central

The present study aimed to identify the perceptions of gas station workers about physical, chemical, biological and physiological risk factors to which they are exposed in their work environment; identify types of occupational accidents involving gas station workers and; report the development of a socioenvironmental intervention as a tool for risk communication to gas station workers. A quantitative study was performed with 221 gas station workers in southern Brazil between October and December 2010. Data collection was performed between October to December 2010 via structured interviews. The data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0. The participants identified the following risk types: chemical (93.7%), physical (88.2%), physiological (64.3%) and biological (62.4%). In this sample, 94.1% of gas station workers reported occupational accidents, and 74.2% reported fuel contact with the eyes (p < 0.05). It is concluded that workers perceive risks, and that they tend to relate risks with the occurrence of occupational accidents as an indicator of the dangerous nature of their work environment.

Cezar-Vaz, Marta Regina; Rocha, Laurelize Pereira; Bonow, Clarice Alves; da Silva, Mara Regina Santos; Vaz, Joana Cezar; Cardoso, Leticia Silveira

2012-01-01

17

Individual characteristics in occupational accidents due to imbalance: a case-control study of the employees of a railway company  

PubMed Central

Background: Falls are frequent occupational accidents, and are responsible for a significant amount of lost working time and, more importantly, for a high mortality. The factors involved in falling mechanisms can be of external or individual origin, the latter being less well identified. Aims: To assess the relations between certain individual characteristics and occupational accidents due to imbalance. Methods: A total of 427 male employees, who had been victims of at least one occupational accident with sick leave due to imbalance (cases) and 427 controls were recruited among the employees of a large French railway company. A standardised questionnaire on life conditions and professional factors, and a description of the accidents was filled in by an occupational physician for each subject. Results: Some job categories were more affected by a specific release mechanism of work related falls. Certain individual characteristics such as smoking, alcohol consumption, inactivity, sleep disorders, and request for a job change were correlated with the occurrence of occupational accidents. Sick leaves of eight days or over were more frequent in older and overweight injured workers. Some lesions were linked with the specific fall released mechanisms. Conclusions: Individual characteristics can increase the risk of occupational accidents, especially falling. This study identified subjects most at risk on whom prevention related to working conditions and falls could be focused.

Gauchard, G; Chau, N; Touron, C; Benamghar, L; Dehaene, D; Perrin, P.; Mur, J

2003-01-01

18

Control charts for accident frequency: a motivation for real-time occupational safety monitoring.  

PubMed

This paper quantitatively motivates the need for active monitoring of occupational safety incident data through the use of cumulative sum (CUSUM) control charts. The frequency of incidents within a subset of historical accident data is analysed. The performance of Poisson CUSUM and exponential CUSUM (time-between-events) charts is compared in an illustrative example to show that shorter periods of aggregation and time-between-events monitoring lead to more timely indications of increased accident frequency. An extension showing the anticipated performance of these charts with real-time data is given. Various adjustments to the monitoring system are also simulated to show that quick implementation of hazard controls can significantly impact safety performance. Decreases in the frequency of safety incidents as a result of implemented hazard controls can also be monitored. PMID:23656206

Schuh, Anna; Camelio, Jaime A; Woodall, William H

2014-06-01

19

Risk Communication as a Tool for Training Apprentice Welders: A Study about Risk Perception and Occupational Accidents  

PubMed Central

The present study has aimed to identify the perceptions of apprentice welders about physical, chemical, biological, and physiological risk factors to which they are exposed; identify types of occupational accidents involving apprentice welders; and report the development of a socioenvironmental education intervention as a tool for risk communication for apprentice welders. A quantitative study was performed with 161 apprentice welders in Southern Brazil in 2011. Data collection was performed via structured interviews with the apprentice welders about risk perception, occupational accidents, and time experienced in welding. The data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0. The participants identified the following risk types: physical (96.9%), chemical (95%), physiological (86.3%), and biological (51.5%). In this sample, 39.7% of apprentice welders reported occupational accidents and 27.3% reported burning. The inferential analysis showed that the frequency of risk perception factors increases with the length of experience, and apprentice welders who have experienced accidents during welding activity perceive a higher amount of risk factors than those who have never experienced them. It is concluded that apprentice welders perceive risks and that they tend to relate risks with the occurrence of occupational accidents as an indicator of the dangerous nature of their activity.

Cezar-Vaz, Marta Regina; Bonow, Clarice Alves; Rocha, Laurelize Pereira; de Almeida, Marlise Capa Verde; Severo, Luana de Oliveira; Borges, Anelise Miritz; Vaz, Joana Cezar; Turik, Claudia

2012-01-01

20

Occupational stress in consultants in accident and emergency medicine: a national survey of levels of stress at work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess levels of occupational stress in UK accident and emergency (A&E) consultants.Method: Postal survey of complete enumeration of UK consultants.Main outcome measures: GHQ-12 and SCL-D, and respondents' reported perceptions of stressors.Results: Of 371 valid respondents (78%), 21 declined to participate. Of the remaining 350, 154 (44.4%) had GHQ-12 scores over the threshold for distress, which is much higher

R Burbeck; S Coomber; S M Robinson; C Todd

2002-01-01

21

Extracting recurrent scenarios from narrative texts using a Bayesian network: application to serious occupational accidents with movement disturbance.  

PubMed

A probabilistic approach has been developed to extract recurrent serious Occupational Accident with Movement Disturbance (OAMD) scenarios from narrative texts within a prevention framework. Relevant data extracted from 143 accounts was initially coded as logical combinations of generic accident factors. A Bayesian Network (BN)-based model was then built for OAMDs using these data and expert knowledge. A data clustering process was subsequently performed to group the OAMDs into similar classes from generic factor occurrence and pattern standpoints. Finally, the Most Probable Explanation (MPE) was evaluated and identified as the associated recurrent scenario for each class. Using this approach, 8 scenarios were extracted to describe 143 OAMDs in the construction and metallurgy sectors. Their recurrent nature is discussed. Probable generic factor combinations provide a fair representation of particularly serious OAMDs, as described in narrative texts. This work represents a real contribution to raising company awareness of the variety of circumstances, in which these accidents occur, to progressing in the prevention of such accidents and to developing an analysis framework dedicated to this kind of accident. PMID:24769246

Abdat, F; Leclercq, S; Cuny, X; Tissot, C

2014-09-01

22

Occupational hazards in hospitals: accidents, radiation, exposure to noxious chemicals, drug addiction and psychic problems, and assault.  

PubMed Central

Except for infectious diseases all the main occupational hazards affecting health workers are reviewed: accidents (explosions, fires, electrical accidents, and other sources of injury); radiation (stochastic and non-stochastic effects, protective measures, and personnel most at risk); exposure to noxious chemicals, whose effects may be either local (allergic eczema) or generalised (cancer, mutations), particular attention being paid to the hazards presented by formol, ethylene oxide, cytostatics, and anaesthetic gases; drug addiction (which is more common among health workers than the general population) and psychic problems associated with promotion, shift work, and emotional stress; and assault (various types of assault suffered by health workers, its causes, and the characterisation of the most aggressive patients).

Gestal, J J

1987-01-01

23

Mortality from occupational accidents to United Kingdom fishermen 1961-80.  

PubMed Central

After the catastrophic losses of three Hull deep sea trawlers in 1968, the Committee of Inquiry into Trawler Safety (CITS) was established. Fourteen months later, CITS reported on factors affecting the safety of deep sea trawlers and their crews. Pre-CITS (1961-70) and post-CITS (1971-80) crude mortality rates for accidents at work are compared for "deep sea" fishermen (those working on vessels greater than or equal to 24.4 m (80 feet) registered length) and "inshore" fishermen (those working on vessels less than 24.4 m). The ratio of deep sea to inshore fishermen had changed from 1:1.5 (1961) to 1:7.0 (1980), reflecting the radical restructuring of the fishing fleet that began in the early 1970s. Between 1961 and 1980, there were 909 recorded deaths at sea of United Kingdom fishermen. Of these, 711 (78%) were due to accidents (either from vessel losses or personal accidents) and 198 (22%) were due to unspecified disease, homicide, and suicide. Comparison of pre-CITS and post-CITS mean death rates showed an increase (+39%) for deep sea fishermen, a decrease (-4%) for inshore fisherman, and an increase (+2%) for both combined. For deep sea fishermen, there were synchronous increases in mortality from vessel losses (+32%) and from personal accidents (+49%, p less than 0.05) whereas the overall rate for inshore fishermen reflected a decrease (-33%, p less than 0.01) in deaths from personal accidents but an increase (+52%) in deaths from vessel losses. Although pre-CITS mortality rates exhibited no statistically significant difference between deep sea fisherman was significantly greater (p< 0.02). Compared with coal miners, fishermen were, on average, four times more likely to die from accidents at work. If CITS had reasonable cause for concern in 1969, the grounds for similar concern did not diminish because the evidence suggests that deep sea fishermen were at no lesser risk of death from accidents after CITS reported than before. Overall, both groups of fishermen experienced an accident mortality rate between 1961 and 1980 that showed no indication of improvement.

Reilly, M S

1985-01-01

24

[Medical certificates in occupational accidents, in common law and social affairs].  

PubMed

Physicians are asked to complete certificates within their profession. These certificates relate to various aspects of an individual's life, from birth to the end of life. The nature of requests is striking by its diversity. As a first step, the authors recall the outline of a certificate and its structure, as well as traps, hazards and risks to avoid. In a second step they describe three specific situations for the certificate: in the context of work accidents, common law accidents and social matters. All materials can not be treated in this space, so they refer the reader to the main bibliographic sources useful in this matter. PMID:24195253

El Banna, S; Van de Vyvere, A; Beauthier, J-P

2013-09-01

25

Mortality from occupational accidents to United Kingdom fishermen 1961-80  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the catastrophic losses of three Hull deep sea trawlers in 1968, the Committee of Inquiry into Trawler Safety (CITS) was established. Fourteen months later, CITS reported on factors affecting the safety of deep sea trawlers and their crews. Pre-CITS (1961-70) and post-CITS (1971-80) crude mortality rates for accidents at work are compared for \\

M S Reilly

1985-01-01

26

A statistical study on temporary work and occupational accidents: Specific risk factors and risk management strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Temporary work, supplied by temporary-help agencies and sometimes referred to as “job in leasing”, was only recently introduced in Italy, and has since spread considerably thanks to its flexibility and cost effectiveness. In this study, trends in the rates of occupational injuries in different sectors of Italian industries in the period 2000–2004 are explored, contrasting direct employment and temporary work.

Bruno Fabiano; Fabio Currò; Andrea P. Reverberi; Renato Pastorino

2008-01-01

27

Descriptive Study of Occupational Accidents and their Causes among Electricity Distribution Company Workers at an Eight-year Period in Iran  

PubMed Central

Background Occupational accidents are unplanned events that cause damage. The socio-economic impacts and human costs of accidents are tremendous around the world. Many fatalities happen every year in workplaces such as electricity distribution companies. Some electrical injuries are electrocution, electric shock, and burns. This study was conducted in an electricity distribution company (with rotational 12-hour shift work) in Iran during an 8-year period to survey descriptive factors of injuries. Methods Variables collected included accident time, age of injured worker, employment type, work experience, injury cause, educational background, and other information about accidents. Results Results indicated that most of the accidents occurred in summer, and 51.3% were during shift work. Worker negligence (malpractice) was the cause of 75% of deaths. Type of employment had a significant relationship with type of injuries (p < 0.05). Most injuries were electrical burns. Conclusion High rate of accidents in summer may be due to the warm weather or insufficient professional skills in seasonal workers. Shift workers are at risk of sleep complaints leading to a high rate of work injuries. Acquiring knowledge about safety was related to job experiences. Temporary workers have no chance to work all year like permanent workers, therefore impressive experiences may be less in them. Because the lack of protective equipment and negligence are main causes of accidents, periodical inspections in workshops are necessary.

Rahmani, Abdolrasoul; Khadem, Monireh; Madreseh, Elham; Aghaei, Habib-Allah; Raei, Mehdi; Karchani, Mohsen

2013-01-01

28

[Occupational cancer].  

PubMed

Occupational cancer is one of the most important topics in occupational health, because it can be avoided by using appropriate risk management strategies at work. However, due to the lack of suitable surveillance systems in Japan, it goes under-recognized. Burden of disease studies conducted elsewhere can be extrapolated to suggest thousands of deaths are attributable to occupational cancer in Japan. By law, about 20 kinds of cancer have been listed as occupational hazards; among those is asbestos related cancer. In fact, in recent years, thousands of asbestos related cancer cases have been compensated by the government run workers' compensation scheme for occupational accidents and diseases. On the other hand, for the other types of occupational cancer, only few cases are reported. To prevent re-emergence of occupational cancer, such as the recently publicized cholangiocarcinoma epidemics, employees, employers, medical institutions and competent authorities are strongly urged to establish better surveillance systems for occupational cancer. PMID:24605530

Mori, Ippei

2014-02-01

29

41 CFR 102-74.360 - What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of occupant agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of...Participate in at least one fire drill per year; (b) Maintain...orderly facility to minimize the risk of accidental injuries and fires; (c) Keep all...

2010-07-01

30

41 CFR 102-74.360 - What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of occupant agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of...Participate in at least one fire drill per year; (b) Maintain...orderly facility to minimize the risk of accidental injuries and fires; (c) Keep all...

2009-07-01

31

41 CFR 102-74.360 - What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of occupant agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...equipment clear at all times; (d) Not bring hazardous, explosive or combustible materials into buildings unless authorized...that provide the maximum safety for the occupants; (h) Train employees to use protective equipment and educate...

2013-07-01

32

[Accidents and injuries at work].  

PubMed

In the case of an accident at work, the person concerned is insured by law according to the guidelines of the Sozialgesetzbuch VII as far as the injuries have been caused by this accident. The most important source of information on the incident in question is the accident report that has to be sent to the responsible institution for statutory accident insurance and prevention by the employer, if the accident of the injured person is fatal or leads to an incapacity to work for more than 3 days (= reportable accident). Data concerning accidents like these are sent to the Deutsche Gesetzliche Unfallversicherung (DGUV) as part of a random sample survey by the institutions for statutory accident insurance and prevention and are analyzed statistically. Thus the key issues of accidents can be established and used for effective prevention. Although the success of effective accident prevention is undisputed, there were still 919,025 occupational accidents in 2011, with clear gender-related differences. Most occupational accidents involve the upper and lower extremities. Accidents are analyzed comprehensively and the results are published and made available to all interested parties in an effort to improve public awareness of possible accidents. Apart from reportable accidents, data on the new occupational accident pensions are also gathered and analyzed statistically. Thus, additional information is gained on accidents with extremely serious consequences and partly permanent injuries for the accident victims. PMID:24863704

Standke, W

2014-06-01

33

National Center for Statistics and Analysis Collected Technical Studies, Volume 2. Accident Data Analysis of Occupant Injuries and Crash Characteristics - Eight Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The eight papers in this volume analyze accident data to address various questions concerning traffic accident injuries. All eight were written by members of the Crashworthiness Group, Mathematical Analysis Division, National Center for Statistics and Ana...

D. Najjar N. Bondy S. Partyka

1981-01-01

34

Occupational Psychiatric Disorders in Korea  

PubMed Central

We searched databases and used various online resources to identify and systematically review all articles on occupational psychiatric disorders among Korean workers published in English and Korean before 2009. Three kinds of occupational psychiatric disorders were studied: disorders related to job stress and mental illness, psychiatric symptoms emerging in victims of industrial injuries, and occupational psychiatric disorders compensated by Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance (IACI). Korea does not maintain official statistical records for occupational psychiatric disorders, but several studies have estimated the number of occupational psychiatric disorders using the Korea Workers' Compensation and Welfare Service (COMWEL, formerly KLWC) database. The major compensated occupational psychiatric disorders in Korea were "personality and behavioral disorders due to brain disease, damage, and dysfunction", "other mental disorders due to brain damage and dysfunction and to physical diseases", "reactions to severe stress and adjustment disorders", and "depressive episodes". The most common work-related psychiatric disorders, excluding accidents, were "neurotic, stress-related, and somatoform disorders" followed by "mood disorders".

Kang, Seong-Kyu

2010-01-01

35

A model of fishing vessel accident probability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem: Commercial fishing is one of the least safe occupations. Method: The researchers develop a fishing vessel accident probability model for fishing areas off the northeastern United States using logit regression and daily data from 1981 to 1993. Results: The results indicate that fishing vessel accident probability declined over the study period. Higher wind speed is associated with greater accident

Di Jin; Hauke L. Kite-Powell; Eric Thunberg; Andrew R. Solow; Wayne K. Talley

2002-01-01

36

[Pleural effusion cytology of asbestos-associated malignant mesothelioma and lung carcinoma in the diagnosis of occupational diseases by the statutory accident insurance funds].  

PubMed

Pleural effusion often represents the first clinical symptom of lung carcinoma and malignant mesothelioma. As pleural punctation is performed quite early in the diagnostic procedure, effusion cytology frequently gives the first evidence about the presence of tumour cells and tumor histogenesis. In this study, we report on seven cases which were evaluated in our institution for the Employers' Liability Insurance Association, based solely on cytology findings.The mean age of the seven patients with a given long-term asbestos exposure during their working life was 81.7 years. On average eight smears per patient were investigated. In addition to routine cytology, immunocytochemistry, DNA image cytometry, AgNOR-analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization were applied in a case-specific way. The results were interpreted against the clinical and occupational history of the respective patient.Definitive diagnosis could be made in six cases. In three of them, the diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma was made. Two cases were diagnosed as malignant effusion due to metastatic lung cancer. In one case, cells of high-grade Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) were diagnosed and a malignant mesothelioma was excluded. In the last case, malignant mesothelioma could not be diagnosed unequivocally by cytology. In all seven cases, our interpretation was accepted by Employers' Liability Insurance Association. The five mesothelioma or lung cancer cases were accepted as asbestos-associated occupational disease, while the NHL case was rejected. In the last case, malignant mesothelioma was diagnosed later by autopsy, and the case was retroactively accepted as occupational disease.Cytology-based tumor diagnosis including adjuvant methods is a useful and reliable approach in cases of asbestos-associated tumours. Acceptance of occupational disease on the basis of cytological diagnoses even by the Employers' Liability Insurance Association helps avoid invasive pleural or lung biopsies in cases with an unequivocally positive effusion cytology of lung cancer or malignant mesothelioma. PMID:24615665

Biesterfeld, S; Schramm, M; Schad, A; Pomjanski, N

2014-04-01

37

Occupational health nursing in Brazil: exploring the world through international occupational health programs.  

PubMed

1. Brazil's recent industrialization has led to the recognition of occupational health nursing as an important, emerging field. 2. Major occupational health concerns in Brazil include occupational illness and accidents, slavery, and child labor. 3. Legislation must be reformed to allow for the expansion of occupational health practice to include preventive measures as well as the assistance measures currently seen in Brazilian occupational health. PMID:16122138

Marziale, Maria Helena; Hong, OiSaeng

2005-08-01

38

Survey of Power Saw Accidents Resulting in Injuries, 1978.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents results from a survey of power saw accidents in selected States, 1978. The report includes descriptions of the accidents and characteristics of the injured such as occupation, age, and sex.

H. Schaffer

1983-01-01

39

Accident investigation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aircraft accident investigations are discussed with emphasis on those accidents that involved weather as a contributing factor. The organization of the accident investigation board for air carrier accidents is described along with the hearings, and formal report preparation. Statistical summaries of the investigations of general aviation accidents are provided.

Brunstein, A. I.

1979-01-01

40

Occupancy Sensors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Occupancy sensors secure power to the lights in unoccupied spaces to conserve energy. This TechData Sheet presents occupancy sensor types, applications, and the potential economic savings of retrofit projects. Manufacturers of occupancy sensors claim ener...

A. Leitherer M. Rocha

1996-01-01

41

Occupational allergens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational agents are important in a significant number of respiratory diseases. More than 250 occupational substances have\\u000a been reported to cause occupational asthma. Occupational allergens are the subset of agents causing occupational diseases\\u000a through an IgE-mediated mechanism. These allergens may be classified as being of either high or low molecular weight. The\\u000a more common occupational allergens and the industries at

Francis Lachowsky; Manuel Lopez

2001-01-01

42

Occupational Asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational asthma is the most common occupational lung disease. Work-aggravated asthma and occupational asthma are two forms\\u000a of asthma causally related to the workplace, while reactive airways dysfunction syndrome is a separate entity and a subtype\\u000a of occupational asthma. The diagnosis of occupational asthma is most often made on clinical grounds. The gold standard test,\\u000a specific inhalation challenge, is rarely

Nicholas J. Kenyon; Brian M. Morrissey; Michael Schivo; Timothy E. Albertson

43

Fatal traffic injuries among pedestrians, bicyclists and motor vehicle occupants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to investigate characteristic injuries of pedestrians and bicyclists (unprotected) compared to motor vehicle occupants’ (protected) in fatal traffic accidents. Cases of 664 fatal traffic accidents (371 pedestrians, 45 bicyclists, and 248 motor vehicle occupants) were collected from 1999 to 2001 using the database of the Forensic Institute in Budapest. Autopsy reports were analyzed. Location

K. Tör?; M. Hubay; P. Sótonyi; E. Keller

2005-01-01

44

Stress and accidents in the offshore oil and gas industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is a comprehensive analysis of occupational stress and accidents among personnel working in the European offshore oil and gas industry. Identifies sources of stress and predicts stressor outcomes. Examines job dissatisfaction, mental well-being and their relation to accidents. Also explores the differences within occupational status (operator versus contractor) and type of installation (drilling rigs versus fixed production platforms).

V. J. Sutherland; C. L. Cooper

1991-01-01

45

Occupational Injury Patterns of Turkey  

PubMed Central

Introduction and aim Each year, a significant number of people die or become handicapped due to preventable occupational accidents or occupational diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate socio-demographic features, mechanism, causes, injury area, and sectoral features of occupational accidents in patients presented to our department. Materials and methods The study was carried out retrospectively after local ethics committee approval. Age and sex of the patients, mechanism of injury, type and exact location of injuries were all evaluated. The groups were compared using Chi-Square test, Student’s T test and Kruskall-Wallis test. p value <0.05 was accepted as statistically significant. Results Totally 654 patients were included in the study. 93.4% of patients were male, and mean age was 32.96?±?5.97 (18–73) years. Sectoral distribution of accidents was statistically significant and mostly occurred in industrial and construction workers (p?occupational accidents according to injury type was statistically significant (p?occupational injury was $1729.57?±?8178.3. There was statistically significant difference between the sectors with respect to cost. Seventy-one patients (10.9%) recovered with permanent sequel and two (0.3%) died in hospital. Conclusion Occupational accidents are most commonly seen in young males, especially in primary school graduated workers, and during daytime period.

2013-01-01

46

Occupational health in Brazil.  

PubMed

Brazil is a recently industrialised country with marked contrasts in social and economic development. The availability of public/private services in its different regions also varies. Health indicators follow these trends. Occupational health is a vast new field, as in other developing countries. Occupational medicine is a required subject in graduation courses for physicians. Specialisation courses for university graduated professionals have more than 700 hours of lectures and train occupational health physicians, safety engineers and nursing staff. At the technical level, there are courses with up to 1300 hours for the training of safety inspectors. Until 1986 about 19,000 occupational health physicians, 18,000 safety engineers and 51,000 safety inspectors had been officially registered. Although in its infancy, postgraduation has attracted professionals at university level, through residence programmes as well as masters and doctors degrees, whereby at least a hundred good-quality research studies have been produced so far. Occupational health activities are controlled by law. Undertakings with higher risks and larger number of employees are required to hire specialised technical staff. In 1995 the Ministry of Labour demanded programmes of medical control of occupational health (PCMSO) for every worker as well as a programme of prevention of environmental hazards (PPRA). This was considered as a positive measure for the improvement of working conditions and health at work. Physicians specialising in occupational medicine are the professionals more often hired by the enterprises. Reference centres (CRSTs) for workers' health are connected to the State or City Health Secretariat primary health care units. They exist in more populated areas and are accepted by workers as the best way to accomplish the diagnosis of occupational diseases. There is important participation by the trade unions in the management of these reference centres. For 30 years now employers organisations have also kept specialised services for safety and occupational health. Although they are better equipped they are less well used by the workers than the CRSTs. At the federal level, activities concerned with occupational health are connected to three ministries: Labour, Health and Social Security. The Ministry of Labour enacts legislation on hygiene, safety and occupational medicine, performs inspections through its regional units and runs a number of research projects. The Ministry of Health provides medical care for workers injured or affected by occupational diseases and also has surveillance programmes for certain occupational diseases. The Ministry of Social Security provides rehabilitation and compensation for registered workers. In spite of a decrease in the number of accidents at work during the past 25 years, working conditions have not improved. Changes in the laws of social security in the 1970s discouraged registration and reporting of occupational injuries and diseases. In consequence death rates due to accidents increased. With the implementation of the CRSTs, the recorded incidence of occupational diseases has risen, not only because of improved diagnosis, but also because of stronger pressure from the unions and better organisation of public services and enterprises. PMID:9342620

Bedrikow, B; Algranti, E; Buschinelli, J T; Morrone, L C

1997-01-01

47

[An analysis of industrial accidents in the working field with a particular emphasis on repeated accidents].  

PubMed

The present study is based on an analysis of routinely submitted reports of occupational accidents experienced by the workers of industrial enterprises under the jurisdiction of Kagoshima Labor Standard Office during a 5-year period 1983 to 1987. Officially notified injuries serious enough to keep employees away from their job for work at least 4 days were utilized in this study. Data was classified so as to give an observed frequency distribution for workers having any specified number of accidents. Also, the accident rate which is an indicator of the risk of accident was compared among different occupations, between age groups and between the sexes. Results obtained are as follows; 1) For the combined total of 6,324 accident cases for 8 types of occupation (Construction, Transportation, Mining & Quarrying, Forestry, Food manufacture, Lumber & Woodcraft, Manufacturing industry and Other business), the number of those who had at least one accident was 6,098, of which 5,837 were injured only once, 208 twice, 21 three times and 2 four times. When occupation type was fixed, however, the number of workers having one, two, three and four times of accidents were 5,895, 182, 19 and 2, respectively. This suggests that some workers are likely to have experienced repeated accidents in more than one type of occupation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2131982

Wakisaka, I; Yanagihashi, T; Tomari, T; Sato, M

1990-03-01

48

Occupational Rhinitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Work-related rhinitis, which includes work-exacerbated rhinitis and occupational rhinitis, may be two to three times more\\u000a common than occupational asthma. Both high molecular weight proteins and low molecular weight chemicals have been implicated\\u000a as causes of occupational rhinitis. A diagnosis is established based on occupational history and, if appropriate, documentation\\u000a of IgE-mediated sensitization to the causative agent. Management of work-related

J. Wesley Sublett; David I. Bernstein

2010-01-01

49

Occupational risks in industrial maintenance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to describe the most important occupational risks in maintenance operations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study analyzed all maintenance-related fatalities since 1985 together with one group of severe accidents in Finland. In connection with the study, risk assessments were carried out in companies with the aim of charting the risks on sites. Findings –

Salla Lind; Sanna Nenonen

2008-01-01

50

Rehabilitation of occupational electrical injuries  

Microsoft Academic Search

In France, during the 14-year period between 1980 and 1993, the mean annual number of fatal electrical accidents was 138-(118 of them occurring to males). The rehabilitation of occupational electrical injuries among the personnel of Electricite´ de France (EDF) remains a priority concern, but the author is not able to say that a formal program has been designed specially for

E. Gourbiere

1996-01-01

51

Accident investigation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has attributed wind shear as a cause or contributing factor in 15 accidents involving transport-categroy airplanes since 1970. Nine of these were nonfatal; but the other six accounted for 440 lives. Five of the fatal accidents and seven of the nonfatal accidents involved encounters with convective downbursts or microbursts. Of other accidents, two which were nonfatal were encounters with a frontal system shear, and one which was fatal was the result of a terrain induced wind shear. These accidents are discussed with reference to helping the aircraft to avoid the wind shear or if impossible to help the pilot to get through the wind shear.

Laynor, William G. Bud

1987-01-01

52

Occupational Asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Occupational asthma is the most common occupational lung disease.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Occupational asthma and work-aggravated asthma are the two forms of asthma causally related to the workplace.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Reactive airways dysfunction syndrome is a separate entity and a subtype of occupational asthma.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a The diagnosis of occupational asthma is most often made on clinical grounds; the goldstandard test, specific inhalation

Nicholas J. Kenyon; Brian M. Morrissey; Timothy E. Albertson

53

Highchair accidents.  

PubMed

In order to establish guidelines for highchair accident prevention we investigated causes, mode and complications of highchair accidents by the following methods: The charts of 103 children attending our Accident & Emergency department for highchair related injuries were studied retrospectively. Questionnaires were sent to the parents to obtain detailed information about the mode of accident. They were also asked to suggest preventive measures. In addition, a random sample survey was performed with 163 families inquiring about the rate of highchair use and the incidence of highchair related accidents. Of the 103 infants, 15.5% had sustained a skull fracture, 13.6% a brain concussion, 2.0% limb fractures and 68.9% a simple contusion of the head or lacerations to the scalp or face. The questionnaires were fully completed by 61.2% of parents. Every second family reported that their infant had tried to stand up in the highchair before falling off (only one child had been wearing a restraint). In a further 14.3% of accidents the highchair tipped over. Eighty-seven percent of parents would appreciate a pre-installation of restraints, 54.0% requested more informative instructions for users, and 33.3% asked for products with better stability. The random sample survey revealed a highchair use rate of 92%; 18% of families used highchairs equipped with restraints, and 6% reported highchair accidents sustained by their children. We conclude that most highchair accidents occur when unrestrained infants try to stand up. Pre-installed child restraints, better manuals for users and increased highchair stability should be recommended as promising accident prevention strategies. PMID:10229045

Mayr, J M; Seebacher, U; Schimpl, G; Fiala, F

1999-03-01

54

Occupational Health  

MedlinePLUS

Occupational health problems occur at work or because of the kind of work you do. These problems can include ... by exposure to radiation Exposure to germs in health care settings Good job safety and prevention practices ...

55

Stress and accidents in the offshore oil and gas industry  

SciTech Connect

This book is a comprehensive analysis of occupational stress and accidents among personnel working in the European offshore oil and gas industry. Identifies sources of stress and predicts stressor outcomes. Examines job dissatisfaction, mental well-being and their relation to accidents. Also explores the differences within occupational status (operator versus contractor) and type of installation (drilling rigs versus fixed production platforms). Conclusions presented include the growing need for extensive management involvement, responsibility, and understanding in this exceptionally high environmental stress industry.

Sutherland, V.J.; Cooper, C.L.

1991-01-01

56

Recommendations for Injury Prevention in Transport Aviation Accidents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1996, a national objective was established to reduce the rate of fatal accidents in aviation. To assist in determining the best methods for improving aircraft crash survivability, a combined approach was used involving database research and the examination of case studies of transport aviation accidents. The results of the study include recommendations for maintaining occupiable space, enhancing occupant restraint, managing energy transferred to the occupant, improving egress, and increasing post-crash survival.

Grierson, Anita E.; Jones, Lisa E.

2001-01-01

57

Occupational neurology.  

PubMed Central

The nervous system is vulnerable to the effects of certain chemicals and physical conditions found in the work environment. The activities of an occupational neurologist focus on the evaluation of patients with neurological disorders caused by occupational or environmental conditions. When one is making a differential diagnosis in patients with neurological disorders, the possibility of toxic exposure or encounters with physical factors in the workplace must not be overlooked. Central to an accurate clinical diagnosis is the patient's history. A diagnosis of an occupational or environmental neurological problem requires a careful assessment of the clinical abnormalities and confirmation of these disabilities by objective tests such as nerve conduction velocity, evoked potentials, electroencephalogram, neuropsychological batteries, or nerve biopsy. On the basis of information about hazards in the workplace, safety standards and environmental and biological monitoring can be implemented in the workplace to reduce the risks of undue injury. Clinical manifestations of headache, memory disturbance, and peripheral neuropathy are commonly encountered presentations of the effects of occupational hazards. Physicians in everyday clinical practice must be aware of the signs and symptoms associated with exposure to possible neurotoxins and work methods. Occupational and environmental circumstances must be explored when evaluating patients with neurologic disorders.

Feldman, R. G.

1987-01-01

58

Fatal accidents in Swedish farming and forestry, 1988–1997  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has long been acknowledged that farm work is associated with accident risks. In this investigation it has been determined how these risks have changed over the past 10-year period, and how different factors have affected the risk pattern. All the registered accidents forming the basis for this study (ISA, The Occupational Safety and Health Administration) were supplemented with information

Anders Thelin

2002-01-01

59

Occupational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although fiscal support for occupational programs in California Community Colleges is provided primarily by state and local district taxes, about ten percent of the total support is provided through federal sources. Federal regulations under the Vocational Education Act (VEA) require the recipients of federal funds to provide consultative,…

Morris, William R.

60

Nuclear accident  

Microsoft Academic Search

A malfunctioning valve at the Three Mile Island power plant in Pennsylvania was the prelude to the worst nuclear accident in U.S. history. Despite assurances that radiation leaked from the plant posed no immediate threat, the population around the plant dwindled as unforced weekend evacuations grew common. Radiation at the power plant site reached 30 mrem\\/hr on March 30. While

T. Mathews; S. Agrest; G. Borger; M. Lord; W. D. Marbach; W. J. Cook; M. Sheils

1979-01-01

61

Traffic Safety Facts, 2001: Occupant Protection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides statistical information on the benefits of occupant restraint systems in U.S. motor vehicle accidents. Data tables include: (1) estimated number of lives saved by restraint systems (seat belts, air bags, child restraints), 1975-2001; (2) cumulative estimated number of lives saved by safety belt use, 1975-2001; and (3)…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

62

Occupant Protection. Traffic Safety Facts, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides statistical information on the benefits of occupant restraint systems in U.S. motor vehicle accidents. Data tables include: (1) estimated number of lives saved by restraint systems (seat belts, air bags, child restraints), 1975-2000; (2) cumulative estimated number of lives saved by safety belt use, 1975-2000; and (3)…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

63

Transport aircraft accident dynamics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A study was carried out of 112 impact survivable jet transport aircraft accidents (world wide) of 27,700 kg (60,000 lb.) aircraft and up extending over the last 20 years. This study centered on the effect of impact and the follow-on events on aircraft structures and was confined to the approach, landing and takeoff segments of the flight. The significant characteristics, frequency of occurrence and the effect on the occupants of the above data base were studied and categorized with a view to establishing typical impact scenarios for use as a basis of verifying the effectiveness of potential safety concepts. Studies were also carried out of related subjects such as: (1) assessment of advanced materials; (2) human tolerance to impact; (3) merit functions for safety concepts; and (4) impact analysis and test methods.

Cominsky, A.

1982-01-01

64

[The occupational physician in France].  

PubMed

The French Labor law defines the role and its allocation criteria of the occupational physician (OP) the same as in Japan. In France, occupational medicine is one of the medical specialties. The OP resident must follow the 4 years clinical training before certification. After having finished their residency, they are entitled to work for the occupational health service office of a company or company association (in the case of small and medium sized companies). The most important characteristics of the French system is that they cover all workers regardless of company size. The main role of the OP is prevention of work related diseases and accidents. They are not allowed to do clinical services except for emergency cases. Their main activities are health examinations, health education, patrol and advice for better working condition. Formerly, it was rather difficult to attract the medical students for OP resident course because of its prevention oriented characteristics. A growing concern about the importance of health management at the work site, however, has changed the situation. Now, the number of candidates for OP resident course is increasing. Their task has expanded to cover mental health and other life style related diseases. The 2011 modification of law redefines the role of the OP as a director of an occupational health service office who has a total responsibility of multidisciplinary services. The French and Japanese occupational health systems have many of similarities. A comparative study by researchers of UOEH is expected to yield useful information. PMID:24107336

Matsuda, Shinya

2013-10-01

65

Job Safety. Cooperative Occupational Education, Unit 14. Instructor Material and Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit, one in a series of packets of teacher and student materials for cooperative occupational education (COE) designed for special needs students, is intended to provide students with information relative to job safety. Emphasis is placed on monetary and personal costs of accidents, causes of accidents on the job, and how accidents can be…

Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

66

Types and sources of fatal and severe non-fatal accidents in industrial maintenance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the various work phases in disassembly and assembly, coupled with, for example, the pressure of time and working in close contact with machinery, industrial maintenance operations include several occupational risks. This article presents the results of an analysis based on real accident data. The data consisted of public Finnish accident reports describing fatal and severe non-fatal accidents in

Salla Lind

2008-01-01

67

Consequences of road traffic accidents for different types of road user  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study aimed to describe the immediate and later physical, social and psychological consequences of a road traffic accident for vehicle occupants, motorcyclists, cyclists and pedestrians amongst consecutive hospital attenders at an Accident and Emergency Department. Physical and accident details were collated from hospital records. Subjects completed questionnaires at hospital attendance, 3 months, 1 and 3 years.There were 1148 respondents

Richard Mayou; Bridget Bryant

2003-01-01

68

Out of hours management of occupational exposures to blood and body fluids in healthcare staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: To assess and compare the out of hours and in hours management of occupational blood and body fluid exposures in a London teaching hospital.Methods: The occupational health and accident and emergency records of individuals presenting with occupational body fluid exposures over a six month period at a London teaching hospital were analysed retrospectively. Main outcome measures were the completeness

D Patel; M Gawthrop; D Snashall; I Madan

2002-01-01

69

Fatal Car Occupant Injuries after Car Lorry Collisions  

PubMed Central

All deaths from road accidents in certain areas and periods were studied. Analysis of 224 deaths to car occupants from collisions between cars and lorries showed that such accidents were the commonest cause of death for car occupants on motorways and link roads. The impacts were such that relatively poor protection could be given by occupant restraint systems. Collisions of cars into the rear of lorries caused the most severe injuries; most of these accidents occurred at night. The traffic characteristics of cars and lorries are largely incompatible and increase the likelihood of collisions and of extremely severe injuries to car occupants. Some reduction in deaths may be expected from making lorries more conspicuous and eliminating the rear overhang. More fundamental measures are segregation of lorries from cars and return of traffic to railways. ImagesFIG. 1FIG. 2FIG. 3

Gissane, William; Bull, John

1973-01-01

70

[Ocular disorders associated with occupations].  

PubMed

The ocular disorders associated with occupations include asthenopia caused by VDT work and eye disorders from eye injuries or exposure to organic solvents or ionizing radiation. The factors associated with the eye disorders can be divided into two groups: mechanical factors and non-mechanical factors. Furthermore, the latter factors can be divided into two subgroups: chemical factors and physical factors. It is said that we can prevent most accidents that cause occupation-related eye disorders if all workers wear suitable protective gear. However, the compliance with wearing protective gear is relatively low because of inattention or discomfort. The industrial specialists have to educate the workers about the proper use of the protective gear. Then, the safety and health promoters have to remind the workers to frequently check their field site for potential hazards. PMID:24605525

Nagata, Tatsuo

2014-02-01

71

Radiation accidents.  

PubMed

It is essential that emergency physicians understand ways to manage patients contaminated by radioactive materials and/or exposed to external radiation sources. Contamination accidents require careful surveys to identify the metabolic pathway of the radionuclides to guide prognosis and treatment. The level of treatment required will depend on careful surveys and meticulous decontamination. There is no specific therapy for the acute radiation syndrome. Prophylactic antibodies are desirable. For severely exposed patients treatment is similar to the supportive care given to patients undergoing organ transplantation. For high-dose extremity injury, no methods have been developed to reverse the fibrosing endarteritis that eventually leads to tissue death so frequently found with this type of injury. Although the Three Mile Island episode of March 1979 created tremendous public concern, there were no radiation injuries. The contamination outside the reactor building and the release of radioiodine were negligible. The accidental fuel element meltdown at Chernobyl, USSR, resulted in many cases of acute radiation syndrome. More than 100,000 people were exposed to high levels of radioactive fallout. The general principles outlined here are applicable to accidents of that degree of severity. PMID:3526994

Saenger, E L

1986-09-01

72

Occupational Classification System Manual  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Researchers may gain insight into the Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Bureau occupational codes via the Occupational Classification System Manual (OCSM). A list of Major Occupation Group titles (MOGs) is provided as well as links to the Census Occupation Index--an alphabetical list of approximately 30,000 occupational titles. Further guidance in locating the proper occupation classification for research queries is outlined in the articles "Using the OCSM" and "Using the Census Index."

73

Occupational hazards at the work place  

PubMed Central

Industrial accidents and injuries are prevalent amongst the industrialised world. Accident related research has long attempted to find common denominators among the human and environmental antecedents of occupational hazards. Chemical substances can adversely effect one or several of the body systems, with resulting symptoms which may not fit in a specific disease pattern. While occupational health physicians will be familiar with hazards of particular industries, general physicians or chiropractic clinicians may easily overlook industrial poisoning as a cause of symptoms because of its relative rarity. Even though awareness of chiropractic and use of chiropractic care has been increasing, there are still millions of Canadians who know little or nothing about chiropractic and are not part of its utilization profile.

Dhami, MSI; Vernon, H

1985-01-01

74

Occupant Protection Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics include occupant protection overview with a focus on crew protection during dynamic phases of flight; occupant protection collaboration; modeling occupant protection; occupant protection considerations; project approach encompassing analysis tools, injury criteria, and testing program development; injury criteria update methodology, unique effects of pressure suits and other factors; and a summary.

Bopp, Genie; Somers, Jeff; Granderson, Brad; Gernhardt, Mike; Currie, Nancy; Lawrence, Chuck

2010-01-01

75

Occupational health hazards of mine workers*  

PubMed Central

Mining has always been among the most hazardous of occupations, and with the increasing demand for coal and minerals safety in mines assumes even greater importance. This article describes the present situation with regard to conditions in mines, the diseases and disabilities resulting from them, and measures that can be taken to prevent or treat them. The hazards covered are: accidents, dust (including poisoning by certain ores), high temperature and humidity, noise and vibration, toxic gases, and miscellaneous other hazards.

Cho, K. S.; Lee, S. H.

1978-01-01

76

76 FR 589 - Proposed Extension of Existing Information Collection; Mine Accident, Injury, Illness, Mine...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...efforts of MSHA and the mining industry. Accident, injury, and illness data, when correlated with...effectively using historical data. The information collected...reliable occupational data available concerning the mining industry. Section...

2011-01-05

77

Accident toll in a Norwegian Spitsbergen mining community.  

PubMed

The coal mining community of Longyearbyen suffered a total loss of 84 persons in fatal accidents during the 40-year period from 1950 to 1989. Up to the beginning of the 1970's the great majority of injuries causing death were related to coal mining. In the 20-year period from 1970-1989 14 people died in occupational accidents. 24 were killed during off-work hours. The male population, averaging, 776 individuals through the observation period, run a risk of being involved in a fatal leisure-time accident nearly 3 times that of age-matched groups on the Norwegian mainland. Potential years of life lost for the Spitsbergen group were estimated to be of a magnitude 2.6 times that of the mainland. The females are even worse off with a risk of having a fatal accident which is 18 times higher. Occupational deaths in the mines were nearly 2 times as frequent as in the mines on the Norwegian mainland. We have moved a long way towards the control of fatal occupational accidents. The rise in non-occupational fatal injuries means, however, that the overall safety gain is meagre. PMID:1285815

Risholt, T

1992-01-01

78

[Monitoring occupational hazards and farm machinery injuries].  

PubMed

The Mutualité Sociale Agricole (MSA--French social security agency) closely examines the circumstances and consequences of the accidents and diseases occurring in agriculture as part of the professional activity of farmers and their employees. During work as such, identified as being the first source of accidents, approximately 35,000 and 70,000 accidents occur each year, respectively to farmers and employees. In both populations, the accident frequency is around 60 out of every 1,000 insured persons. The evolution is positive for employees, but serious, non-fatal accidents remain a major area of concern. Accidents to and from work mainly involve employees. Their number has markedly decreased and the anualy frequency is close to 3 out of every 1,000 employers. The number of occupational diseases is constantly increasing, mainly as the consequence of the recognition of periarticular diseases. This article also summarizes the main conclusions of a French survey conducted in 2003 among 50,000 wage earners in the agricultural sector, as part of the medical monitoring of professional risks (SUMER). PMID:17708089

Larrat, Jean-Paul; Chrétien, Jean-Claude; Viarouge, Nicolas

2007-06-15

79

Firearms accidents in Northern India (1980-2000).  

PubMed

This paper investigates firearms accidents from the last two decades (1980-2000), with information received from the three North Indian states, Chandigarh, Delhi and Himachal Pradesh and from the military and paramilitary organisations working in the region. In this study 139 cases were analysed for evaluation of various parameters such as type of accident, type of firearm used, age, sex, occupation and caste of victim, day of the week and the season in which the accident occurred, place of incident and location of wound. Information was extracted from the case histories and First Information Reports (FIR), and also from autopsy and injury reports. The accidents were self-inflicted in nine cases while another person fired the weapon in 130 cases. Most accidents occurred during hunting or from mishandling the firearm. Gun cleaning accidents rarely occurred and few cases were due to technical defects of the firearm. Shotguns and rifles caused most of the accidents. Shotgun accidents occurred mostly in rural areas whereas the cases involving rifles and handguns were from urban areas. Victims were predominantly male with a mean age of 26 and 30 years for males and females respectively. Victims' occupations were principally agricultural followed by service class and housewives. The most aggressive community was the Kshatriya caste. Most of the accidents occurred during the winter season and on days between Sunday and Tuesday. Accident locations were most commonly the forest, the fields or the home. The chest and head were the most common anatomical sites of injury. All accidental cases were the result of only one firing. It is important to mention that, based on these findings, firearm accidents could be reduced significantly if firearm holders were better trained regarding the handling and safety aspects of their guns, particularly farmers to whom firearm licences are granted specifically for the protection of crops. PMID:16454464

Singh, B P

2006-01-01

80

GAP—a fault-tree based methodology for analyzing occupational hazards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational accidents are stochastic events. The moment of their occurrence cannot be predicted. However, their rate of occurrence may be reduced, albeit not to zero. Considerable effort has been invested into this objective. This led to decreasing numbers of accidents over the years, a tendency which seems, however, to have come to a standstill since approximately 1998. The potential of

U. Hauptmanns; M. Marx; T. Knetsch

2005-01-01

81

Occupational and Environmental History.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Essential Elements of the Occupational and Environmental History--Whether used for screening or for diagnosis, the occupational and environmental history is essentially made up of three important elements: Present Job, Past Work, and Other Nonoccupational...

K. M. Rest, J. C. Hake, D. H. Cordes

1983-01-01

82

Health Occupations: Cluster Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is one of a series of publications focusing on the occupational preparation of persons with special education needs. The material was developed and tested by cooperating teachers over a period of three years. Task analysis information is presented using occupational descriptions from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles,…

Central Michigan Univ., Mount Pleasant.

83

ITER reference accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reference accidents are selected to envelope possible accident sequences to confirm the adequacy of ITER's safety design. Analyses of ITER reference accidents were carried out starting from postulated initiating events (PIE) to all consequential failures including environmental releases, if any. In case of plasma control malfunctioning, up to 3.3GW of fusion power can be reached transiently, however, no radiological consequence

H.-W. Bartels; A. Poucet; G. Cambi; C. Gordon; M. Gaeta; W. Gulden; T. Honda; M. Iseli; H. Jahn; J. Koonce; O. Kveton; B. Merrill; N. Mitchell; R. L. Moore; D. Petti; S. Polkinghorne; M. T. Porfiri; J. Raeder; G. Saji; E. Stubbe; S. J. Piet; L. Topilski; N. Uckan; W. VanHove

1998-01-01

84

Nuclear criticality accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Criticality occurs when a sufficient quantity of fissionable material is accumulated, and it results in the liberation of nuclear energy. All process accidents have involved plutonium or highly enriched uranium, as have most of the critical experiment accidents. Slightly enriched uranium systems require much larger quantities of material to achieve criticality. An appreciation of criticality accidents should be based on

1991-01-01

85

Learning in accident reduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accidents of street car and motor coach operators show a reduction as on-the-job learning takes place. For 60 street car motormen and 34 motor coach operators, most of the improvements in reduction in the number of accidents was accomplished by the sixth or seventh month of employment. By the end of the seventeenth month the accident rate was reduced more

Edwin E. Ghiselli; Clarence W. Brown

1947-01-01

86

Electrical accidents in the mining industry, 1990-1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

This National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health study was conducted to focus future research on the most significant electrical problems in the mining industry. Data from 1926 mine electrical accidents (including 75 fatalities) that occurred between 1990 and 1999 were studied. Coal and metal-nonmetal operator- and contractor-reported data are presented. All data used in this analysis were Mine Safety

James C. Cawley

2003-01-01

87

A bloodborne pathogen program in civilian aircraft accident investigation.  

PubMed

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) amended 29 CFR Part 1910 in 1991 to include regulations addressing occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens (BBP). The rule affects all employees that have the potential for occupational exposure to these pathogens. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) are the primary organizations involved in aircraft accident investigation in the United States. No other organizations in this country have a similar scope or mandate of responsibility. An accident scene presents significant challenges in terms of implementing a program which was primarily envisioned to affect personnel in "traditional" healthcare delivery facilities; the OSHA requirements now had to be met in the chaotic, inhospitable, and logistically difficult environment of an aircraft accident site. Unanticipated issues such as heat-related conditions, performance of physically demanding work in cumbersome gear, biohazard trash disposal from remote sites, and a host of other problems had to be dealt with. The FAA, in close cooperation with other Federal agencies, developed a training and administrative program to meet the requirements of the OSHA BBP rule as it relates to the unique environment of an aircraft accident site. The program has been implemented and successfully tested under actual field conditions at several major aviation accidents that have occurred recently. This article provides observations on the FAA's program and lessons learned from its implementation. PMID:10206934

Salazar, G J; DeJohn, C A; Hansrote, R; Key, O R

1999-02-01

88

Occupational cancer in Britain. Preventing occupational cancer.  

PubMed

Although only a relatively small proportion of cancer is attributable to occupational exposure to carcinogenic agents, the estimated number of deaths due to occupational cancer is high when compared to other deaths due to work-related ill health and injury. However, risk from occupational exposure to carcinogens can be minimised through proportionate but effective risk management. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is the regulator of workplace health and safety in Great Britain. As part of its aim to reduce ill health arising from failures to control properly exposure to hazards at work, HSE commissioned the research presented elsewhere in this supplement to enable it to identify priorities for preventing occupational cancer. The research has shown that occupational cancer remains a key health issue and that low-level exposure of a large number of workers to carcinogens is important. The finding that a small number of carcinogens have been responsible for the majority of the burden of occupational cancer provides key evidence in the development of priorities for significant reduction of occupational cancer. Although the research presented in this supplement reflects the consequences of past exposures to carcinogens, occupational cancer remains a problem. The potential for exposure to the agents considered in this research is still present in the workplace and the findings are relevant to prevention of future disease. In this article, the principle approaches for risk reduction are described. It provides supporting information on some of the initiatives already being undertaken, or those being put in place, to reduce occupational cancer in Great Britain. The need also for systematic collection of exposure information and the importance of raising awareness and changing behaviours are discussed. PMID:22710673

Chen, Yiqun; Osman, John

2012-06-19

89

Drudgery, accidents and injuries in Indian agriculture.  

PubMed

The Indian farming employs 225 million workforce to cover 140 million hectares of total cultivated land. In spite of rapid farm mechanization (e.g., 149 million farm machinery), the vast resource-poor family farming has primary dependence on traditional methods (e.g., 520 million hand tools and 37 million animal-drawn implements are in operation). The work drudgery, the traumatic accidents and injuries are the major concerns to examine options for ergonomics intervention and betterment of work in crop production activities. This review summarizes human energy expenditure in crop production activities, to assess the job severity, tools and machinery, and formulate the basis to reorganize work and work methods. While the farm mechanization is more in the northern India, the accidents were more in the villages in southern India. On average of the four regions, the tractor incidents (overturning, falling from the tractor, etc.) were highest (27.7%), followed by thresher (14.6%), sprayer/duster (12.2%), sugarcane crusher (8.1%) and chaff cutter (7.8%) accidents. Most of the fatal accidents resulted from the powered machinery, with the annual fatality rate estimated as 22 per 100,000 farmers. The hand tools related injuries (8% of the total accidents) were non-fatal in nature. In spite of the enactment of legislation, the shortcomings in production and monitoring of the machinery in field use may be responsible for the high rate of accidents (e.g., 42 thresher accidents/1,000 mechanical threshers/year in southern India). Due to the lack of technical capability of the local artisans, adhering to safety and design standards is impractical to the implements fabricated in the rural areas. The analysis emphasizes that the effective safety and health management may be possible through legislative enabling of the local infra-structure, such as block development authority and primary health services, to permeate occupational health and safe work practices in the farming sector. PMID:15128164

Nag, Pranab Kumar; Nag, Anjali

2004-04-01

90

Listing Occupational Carcinogens  

PubMed Central

The occupational environment has been a most fruitful one for investigating the etiology of human cancer. Many recognized human carcinogens are occupational carcinogens. There is a large volume of epidemiologic and experimental data concerning cancer risks in different work environments. It is important to synthesize this information for both scientific and public health purposes. Various organizations and individuals have published lists of occupational carcinogens. However, such lists have been limited by unclear criteria for which recognized carcinogens should be considered occupational carcinogens, and by inconsistent and incomplete information on the occupations and industries in which the carcinogenic substances may be found and on their target sites of cancer. Based largely on the evaluations published by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, and augmented with additional information, the present article represents an attempt to summarize, in tabular form, current knowledge on occupational carcinogens, the occupations and industries in which they are found, and their target organs. We have considered 28 agents as definite occupational carcinogens, 27 agents as probable occupational carcinogens, and 113 agents as possible occupational carcinogens. These tables should be useful for regulatory or preventive purposes and for scientific purposes in research priority setting and in understanding carcinogenesis.

Siemiatycki, Jack; Richardson, Lesley; Straif, Kurt; Latreille, Benoit; Lakhani, Ramzan; Campbell, Sally; Rousseau, Marie-Claude; Boffetta, Paolo

2004-01-01

91

Estimation of an Occupational Choice Model when Occupations Are Misclassified  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper develops an empirical occupational choice model that corrects for misclassification in occupational choices and measurement error in occupation-specific work experience. The model is used to estimate the extent of measurement error in occupation data and quantify the bias that results from ignoring measurement error in occupation codes…

Sullivan, Paul

2009-01-01

92

Occupational lung cancer  

SciTech Connect

The author addresses the attribution of lung cancer to cigarette smoking and the problems of confounding synergistic effects of occupational and other carcinogenic risk factors, as well as the divergent trends of declining smoking rates and increasing rates of lung cancer. He also reviews the existing literature to document associations between lung cancer and occupational exposures. Finally, interventions for prevention of occupational lung cancer are discussed.

Cone, J.E.

1987-04-01

93

[Tuberculosis as occupational disease].  

PubMed

There is enough evidence to declare tuberculosis as an occupational disease among healthcare workers. In Peru, there are regulations granting employment rights regarding tuberculosis as an occupational disease, such as healthcare coverage for temporary or permanent disability. However, these rights have not been sufficiently socialized. This study presents information on the risk of acquiring tuberculosis in the workplace, and a review of the evidence to declare tuberculosis as an occupational disease among health care workers, presenting the current Peruvian law related. PMID:22858771

Mendoza-Ticona, Alberto

2012-06-01

94

Ethics in Occupational Health  

PubMed Central

We know little about perceptions, practices, or constraints of ethics in occupational health because little research has been done. Opinions about the field, however, are abundant. Existing codes of ethical practice in occupational health have not consciously been derived from the fundamental principles of “freedom” and “well-being” or from philosophical premises and methods; rather, they are based on consensus among practitioners. The author outlines useful concepts and methods for making decisions about ethical questions in occupational health.

Haines, Ted

1989-01-01

95

Nuclear criticality accidents.  

PubMed

Criticality occurs when a sufficient quantity of fissionable material is accumulated, and it results in the liberation of nuclear energy. All process accidents have involved plutonium or highly enriched uranium, as have most of the critical experiment accidents. Slightly enriched uranium systems require much larger quantities of material to achieve criticality. An appreciation of criticality accidents should be based on an understanding of factors that influence criticality, which are discussed in this article. PMID:1962246

Smith, D R

1991-01-01

96

Laser accidents: Being Prepared  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the Laser Safety Officer and any laser safety program is to prevent a laser accident from occurring, in particular an injury to a person's eyes. Most laser safety courses talk about laser accidents, causes, and types of injury. The purpose of this presentation is to present a plan for safety offices and users to follow in case of accident or injury from laser radiation.

Barat, K

2003-01-24

97

Occupational color vision standards: new prospects.  

PubMed

Occupational color vision standards in transport have been implemented for 100 years. A review of these standards has taken place early this century prompted by antidiscrimination laws in the workplace and several transport accidents. The Australian and Canadian Railways have developed new lanterns to address their occupational medical requirements. The Civil Aviation Authority in the UK has adopted the Color Assessment and Diagnosis (CAD) test as the standard for assessing color vision for professional flight crews. The methodology employed using the CAD test ensures that color deficient pilot applicants able to complete the most safety-critical task with the same accuracy as normal trichromats can be accepted for pilot training. This methodology can be extended for setting new color vision standards in other work environments. PMID:24695202

Birch, Jennifer; Rodríguez-Carmona, Marisa

2014-04-01

98

[Occupational respiratory cancers].  

PubMed

Lung cancer and pleural mesothelioma are the most common occupational cancers. Recent epidemiological studies have estimated that the fraction attributable to occupational factors varies from 13 to 29% for lung cancer in men and is about 85% for pleural mesothelioma in men. Previous occupational exposure to asbestos is the most common occupational exposure in these cancers. Mesothelioma immediately leads the clinician to look for past asbestos exposure. In contrast, the search for an occupational exposure that should be routine in all cases of lung cancer, is generally more difficult because of the number of occupational aetiological factors and the absence of criteria that allow distinction of an occupational cancer from a tobacco related one. Therefore attention should be paid to the identification of occupational exposure in order to set up primary prevention programmes to prevent exposure still present in the working environment and, on the other hand, to identify the subjects entitled to the acknowledgement of occupational disease and/or to obtain the compensation available to asbestos victims. PMID:18449081

Pairon, J-C; Andujar, P; Matrat, M; Ameille, J

2008-02-01

99

Occupational cancer in Italy.  

PubMed Central

This article is a discussion of occupational cancer in Italy. The introduction provides the necessary context of Italian industrialization and occupational health regulation. This is followed by a review of Italian epidemiologic studies of occupational cancer risks considered in terms of relative measures of risk and attributable risk of carcinogenic agents or exposure circumstances. We attempt to establish the number of workers exposed to carcinogens in Italy and the intensity of their exposures. Finally, the Italian system of compensation for occupational cancer is discussed. Several cohort and case-control studies have addressed the issue of occupational risks, mostly among male workers. The results of these studies suggest that the growing incidence of and mortality by mesothelioma is explained by the widespread and intense exposure to asbestos in some Italian industrial settings. A high attributable risk of lung tumors among male populations in industrial areas of northern Italy is explained by occupational exposures. However, insufficient data are available for clear definition of the extent and intensity of occupational exposure to carcinogenic substances. In Italy, we must prioritize and maximize resources in occupational cancer epidemiology and revitalize the role of national institutions. Recent legislation has established new regulations on the handling of carcinogenic substances in industrial settings, a new list of occupational diseases, and a national registry of mesothelioma linked to asbestos exposure. These legislative changes are expected to have positive effects.

Merler, E; Vineis, P; Alhaique, D; Miligi, L

1999-01-01

100

Vehicle occupant injury severity on highways: an empirical investigation.  

PubMed

Accident severity analysis is important to both researchers and practitioners because of its implications in accident cost estimation, external cost estimation and road safety. Although much research has been done to explore the factors influencing crash-injury severity, few studies have investigated the association between severity and traffic characteristics collected real-time during the time the accident occurred. We apply a random parameters ordered probit model to explore the influence of speed and traffic volume on the injury level sustained by vehicle occupants involved in accidents on the A4-A86 junction in the Paris region. Results indicate that increased traffic volume has a consistently positive effect on severity, while speed has a differential effect on severity depending on flow conditions. PMID:20728609

Christoforou, Zoi; Cohen, Simon; Karlaftis, Matthew G

2010-11-01

101

Workers' compensation for occupational respiratory diseases.  

PubMed

The respiratory system is one of the most important body systems particularly from the viewpoint of occupational medicine because it is the major route of occupational exposure. In 2013, there were significant changes in the specific criteria for the recognition of occupational diseases, which were established by the Enforcement Decree of the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act (IACIA). In this article, the authors deal with the former criteria, implications of the revision, and changes in the specific criteria in Korea by focusing on the 2013 amendment to the IACIA. Before the 2013 amendment to the IACIA, occupational respiratory disease was not a category because the previous criteria were based on specific hazardous agents and their health effects. Workers as well as clinicians were not familiar with the agent-based criteria. To improve these criteria, a system-based structure was added. Through these changes, in the current criteria, 33 types of agents and 11 types of respiratory diseases are listed under diseases of the respiratory system. In the current criteria, there are no concrete guidelines for evaluating work-relatedness, such as estimating the exposure level, latent period, and detailed examination methods. The results of further studies can support the formulation of detailed criteria. PMID:25006324

Park, So-Young; Kim, Hyoung-Ryoul; Song, Jaechul

2014-06-01

102

Welding. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), which is one of a series of OCAPs developed to identify the skills that Ohio employers deem necessary to entering a given occupation/occupational area, lists the occupational, academic, and employability skills required of individuals entering the occupation of welder. The introduction explains…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

103

OCCUPATION EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS ANALYSIS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE OCCUPATIONAL EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS ANALYSIS (OERA) SYSTEM IS A RESEARCH EFFORT DESIGNED TO DEVELOP A FEASIBLE METHOD OF PROJECTING VOCATIONAL EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS THAT WILL SATISFY LABOR MARKET NEEDS. THE OUTPUTS OF THE OERA WILL BE ANNUAL PROJECTIONS OF EMPLOYMENT DEMANDS IN OCCUPATIONS CLASSIFIED BY VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS. THESE…

GRIEST, JEANNE; MORSCH, WILLIAM C.

104

Occupations, U. S. A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet divides job titles, selected from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, into 15 career clusters: agribusiness and natural resources, business and office education, communication and media, construction, consumer and home economics, fine arts and humanities, health occupations, hospitality and recreation, manufacturing, marine science,…

Geneva Area City Schools, OH.

105

Local Occupational Program Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To evaluate a secondary level occupational education program in New York State, the author used a system termed LOPE (Local Occupational Program Evaluation), which began with the development of a statement of philosophy and measureable objectives based on teacher and administrator input. A questionnaire based on the objectives was administered to…

Pautler, Albert J., Jr.

106

Occupational Standards: International Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These nine papers from a conference of the International Research Network for Training and Development focus on occupational classification, standards, and certification. "Introduction" (Joao Oliveria) presents synopses with highlights from the papers. Part I offers an overview of recent developments in the United States in "Occupational Standards…

Oliveira, Joao, Ed.

107

Occupational asthma: a review.  

PubMed Central

Occupational asthma is the most common form of occupational lung disease in the developed world at the present time. In this review, the epidemiology, pathogenesis/mechanisms, clinical presentations, management, and prevention of occupational asthma are discussed. The population attributable risk of asthma due to occupational exposures is considerable. Current understanding of the mechanisms by which many agents cause occupational asthma is limited, especially for low-molecular-weight sensitizers and irritants. The diagnosis of occupational asthma is generally established on the basis of a suggestive history of a temporal association between exposure and the onset of symptoms and objective evidence that these symptoms are related to airflow limitation. Early diagnosis, elimination of exposure to the responsible agent, and early use of inhaled steroids may play important roles in the prevention of long-term persistence of asthma. Persistent occupational asthma is often associated with substantial disability and consequent impacts on income and quality of life. Prevention of new cases is the best approach to reducing the burden of asthma attributable to occupational exposures. Future research needs are identified.

Lombardo, L J; Balmes, J R

2000-01-01

108

Mental Health Occupational Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article briefly reviews the history of ideas and practice in psychosocial occupational therapy. It then reports the results of two studies which examined present-day perspectives as reflected in occupational therapy literature and the actural practices of psychosocial therapists. The first study was based on a review of mental health-related articles in AJOT and OTMH; the second represented secondary analyses

Gary Kielhofner; Roann Barris

1984-01-01

109

The Tokaimura Nuclear Accident  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 1999 accident at the Tokaimura nuclear fuel processing plant near Tokyo is the context for a student discussion on nuclear power and the consequences of a nuclear accident. The case covers issues ranging from chemical process safety to risk management

Ryan, Michael E.

2001-09-01

110

Civil aircraft accident investigation.  

PubMed

This talk reviews some historic aircraft accidents and some more recent. It reflects on the division of accident causes, considering mechanical failures and aircrew failures, and on aircrew training. Investigation results may lead to improved aircraft design, and to appropriate crew training. PMID:24057309

Haines, Daniel

2013-01-01

111

Going to an Occupational Therapist  

MedlinePLUS

... do things on his own. What Is Occupational Therapy? Everyone has an occupation or job. A kid's ... time. Occupational therapists also may help children with autism learn how to interact with others, or might ...

112

[Market oriented occupational medicine].  

PubMed

The history and the recent state of occupational medicine in Hungary, and its relation with governmental labor organizations are analyzed. In the past 20 years, large "socialist" factories were replaced by smaller companies employing fewer workers. They have been forced to establish contract with occupational health providers. Many of them offer primary care services, whereas family physicians having a board examination in occupational medicine are allowed to work in this field as well. The market of occupational medicine is less regulated, and ethical rules are not always considered. Undercutting prices is a common practice. The recent system could be improved by some regulations which should be respected. There is no reason to make rough changes establishing a new market for profit oriented insurance companies, and to allow employees and employers to work without specification neglecting international agreements. Occupational medicine should be supervised again by the health authorities instead of economists who have quite different, short-term priorities. PMID:22951411

Rurik, Imre; Cseh, Károly

2012-09-01

113

Occupational Infection in Korea  

PubMed Central

Occupational infection is a human disease caused by work-associated exposure to microbial agents through human and environmental contact. According to the literature, occupational infection was the third leading cause of occupational disease (861 cases, 8.0%), and health care, agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers were risk groups in Korea. In addition, most high-risk groups have not been protected by workers' compensation, which could lead to underestimation of the exact spectrum and magnitude of the problem, and may also result in a lack of development and implementation of occupational infection management. Through a review of national guidelines and documentations on prevention and control of occupational infection, a management strategy would promote adherence to worker safety regulations if it is explicit with regard to the agent and mode of infection in each of the high-risk groups.

Ahn, Yeon-Soon; Jeong, Jae Sim

2010-01-01

114

Perspectives in Occupational Dermatology  

PubMed Central

Because large surface areas of the skin are exposed directly to the environment, skin is an organ particularly vulnerable to occupationally induced disease. Statistics show that, excluding accidental injury, nearly half of all occupational illnesses occur in this organ; a fourth of all workers suffering from occupational skin disease lose an average of 10 to 12 workdays. The constant evolution of new industrial chemicals and methods of manufacture continue to bring new skin hazards and disease into the workplace. Occupational health physicians and practitioners, who usually have minimal training in dermatology, must diagnose and treat unfamiliar diseases in a setting of even less familiar, often overwhelming, technology. A thorough understanding of cutaneous defense mechanisms, clinical patterns of occupational skin disease and methods for establishing accurate diagnoses is essential.

Mathias, C. G. Toby; Maibach, Howard I.

1982-01-01

115

Occupational cancer in Britain  

PubMed Central

Although only a relatively small proportion of cancer is attributable to occupational exposure to carcinogenic agents, the estimated number of deaths due to occupational cancer is high when compared to other deaths due to work-related ill health and injury. However, risk from occupational exposure to carcinogens can be minimised through proportionate but effective risk management. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is the regulator of workplace health and safety in Great Britain. As part of its aim to reduce ill health arising from failures to control properly exposure to hazards at work, HSE commissioned the research presented elsewhere in this supplement to enable it to identify priorities for preventing occupational cancer. The research has shown that occupational cancer remains a key health issue and that low-level exposure of a large number of workers to carcinogens is important. The finding that a small number of carcinogens have been responsible for the majority of the burden of occupational cancer provides key evidence in the development of priorities for significant reduction of occupational cancer. Although the research presented in this supplement reflects the consequences of past exposures to carcinogens, occupational cancer remains a problem. The potential for exposure to the agents considered in this research is still present in the workplace and the findings are relevant to prevention of future disease. In this article, the principle approaches for risk reduction are described. It provides supporting information on some of the initiatives already being undertaken, or those being put in place, to reduce occupational cancer in Great Britain. The need also for systematic collection of exposure information and the importance of raising awareness and changing behaviours are discussed.

Chen, Yiqun; Osman, John

2012-01-01

116

Persistence of airline accidents.  

PubMed

This paper expands on air travel accident research by examining the relationship between air travel accidents and airline traffic or volume in the period from 1927-2006. The theoretical model is based on a representative airline company that aims to maximise its profits, and it utilises a fractional integration approach in order to determine whether there is a persistent pattern over time with respect to air accidents and air traffic. Furthermore, the paper analyses how airline accidents are related to traffic using a fractional cointegration approach. It finds that airline accidents are persistent and that a (non-stationary) fractional cointegration relationship exists between total airline accidents and airline passengers, airline miles and airline revenues, with shocks that affect the long-run equilibrium disappearing in the very long term. Moreover, this relation is negative, which might be due to the fact that air travel is becoming safer and there is greater competition in the airline industry. Policy implications are derived for countering accident events, based on competition and regulation. PMID:20618386

Barros, Carlos Pestana; Faria, Joao Ricardo; Gil-Alana, Luis Alberiko

2010-10-01

117

Occupational Therapy (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... centers mental health facilities private practices children's clinics nursing homes Finding Care for Your Child If you think your child might benefit from occupational therapy, ask your doctor to refer you to a ...

118

Occupational hearing loss  

MedlinePLUS

Over time, repeated exposure to loud noise and music can cause hearing loss. Occupational hearing loss is ... Airline ground maintenance Construction Farming Jobs involving loud music or machinery In the U.S., the maximum job ...

119

Occupational Health and Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Labor Statistics, of the U.S. Department of Labor, agriculture remains one of the most dangerous industries in ... agricultural industry, and for every 100,000 workers, agriculture had the highest rate of fatal occupational injuries: ...

120

Paternal occupation and anencephaly  

SciTech Connect

It has been suggested that paternal occupational exposures to pesticides and solvents increase the risk of neural tube defects in offspring. With the use of Texas livebirth, fetal death, and linked livebirth-death records, the authors conducted a population-based case-control study among 1981-1986 Texas births to examine the association between paternal occupation and anencephalic births. Fathers employed in occupations associated with solvent exposure were more likely to have offspring with anencephaly (odds ratio (OR) = 2.53), with painters having the highest risk (OR = 3.43). A lesser association was found for fathers employed in occupations involving pesticide exposure (OR = 1.28). Further studies are indicated to clarify these associations.

Brender, J.D.; Suarez, L. (Texas Department of Health, Austin (USA))

1990-03-01

121

Wisconsin Occupational Information System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The first annual report of the Wisconsin Occupational Information System (WOIS) is a descriptive analysis of activities and procedures utilized during the initial grant period of July 14, 1975-July 13, 1976. This report is divided into eight sections summ...

R. H. Lambert

1976-01-01

122

Accident patterns for construction-related workers: a cluster analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The construction industry has been identified as one of the most hazardous industries. The risk of constructionrelated workers is far greater than that in a manufacturing based industry. However, some steps can be taken to reduce worker risk through effective injury prevention strategies. In this article, k-means clustering methodology is employed in specifying the factors related to different worker types and in identifying the patterns of industrial occupational accidents. Accident reports during the period 1998 to 2008 are extracted from case reports of the Northern Region Inspection Office of the Council of Labor Affairs of Taiwan. The results show that the cluster analysis can indicate some patterns of occupational injuries in the construction industry. Inspection plans should be proposed according to the type of construction-related workers. The findings provide a direction for more effective inspection strategies and injury prevention programs.

Liao, Chia-Wen; Tyan, Yaw-Yauan

2011-12-01

123

Accident resistant transport container  

DOEpatents

The invention relates to a container for the safe air transport of plutonium having several intermediate wood layers and a load spreader intermediate an inner container and an outer shell for mitigation of shock during a hypothetical accident.

Andersen, John A. (Albuquerque, NM); Cole, James K. (Albuquerque, NM)

1980-01-01

124

Criticality accident alarm system.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The American National Standard ANSI/ANS-8.3-1986, Criticality Accident Alarm System provides guidance for the establishment and maintenance of an alarm system to initiate personnel evacuation in the event of inadvertent criticality. In addition to identif...

R. E. Malenfant

1991-01-01

125

Occupational health in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brazil is a recently industrialised country with marked contrasts in social and economic development. The availability of\\u000a public\\/private services in its different regions also varies. Health indicators follow these trends. Occupational health is\\u000a a vast new field, as in other developing countries. Occupational medicine is a required subject in graduation courses for\\u000a physicians. Specialisation courses for university graduated professionals have

Bernardo Bedrikow; Eduardo Algranti; José Tarcísio Penteado Buschinelli; Luiz Carlos Morrone

1997-01-01

126

Diagnosis of Occupational Rhinitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational rhinitis refers to nasal disease caused by stimuli in the working environment. As the underlying pathophysiological\\u000a mechanisms may have an allergic, a non-allergic or an unknown background standardized or even clear-cut diagnostic tools are\\u000a not available. The occupational and medical history should give some evidence of a relation between the occurrence of symptoms\\u000a and work. Skin test and immunological

Roy Gerth van Wijk

127

Intermediate skills and occupational mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

’Intermediate occupations’ describes broadly the range of occupations below the rank of professional and management jobs and above the partly skilled and unskilled occupations and includes craft, technical and supervisory occupations. These are largely differentiated by the levels of education and skill required for entry, the supervisory and technical functions performed within them and the income and standing associated with

Peter Elias; John Bynner

1997-01-01

128

Secondary Health Occupations Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This color coded curriculum guide for secondary health occupations in Iowa provides units for the first phase of the curriculum, career exploration of the health occupations. The nine units cover the following topics: (1) introduction to health occupations; (2) health occupations career exploration; (3) communication skills; (4) self-care and…

Matzen, Shelley; Muhl, V. Jane

129

Accidents en radiothérapie : un historique  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radiotherapy accidents are exceedingly rare. However, they may have major negative consequences : for health (and sometimes life) of victims as well as for the trust that patients put in radiotherapy and radiation oncologists. Each accident must be pointed out, analysed and reported, in order to allow preventive actions, avoiding repetitive accidents. Through examples of majors accidents occurred all over the

J. M Cosset; P Gourmelon

2002-01-01

130

Occupational health impacts: offshore crane lifts in life cycle assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background, Aim, and Scope  The identification and assessment of environmental tradeoffs is a strongpoint of life cycle assessment (LCA). A tradeoff made\\u000a in many product systems is the exchange of potential for occupational accidents with the additional use of energy and materials.\\u000a Net benefits of safety measures with respect to human health are best illustrated if the consequences avoided and health

Johan Pettersen; Edgar G. Hertwich

2008-01-01

131

Occupational cancer in Spain.  

PubMed

The knowledge of specific problems of occupational cancer in Spain is scarce. The environment of the workplace has improved over the last few years after a long period distinguished by bad working conditions, incomplete legislation, and insufficient safety measures and control. It has been estimated that 3,083,479 workers (25.4% of employees) were exposed to carcinogens. The most common occupational exposures to carcinogenic agents were solar radiation, environmental tobacco smoke, silica, and wood dust. The highest number of employees were exposed to silica crystalline (404,729), diesel engine exhaust (274,321), rubber products (99,804), benzene (89,932), ethylene dibromide (81,336), agents used in furniture and cabinet making (72,068), and formaldehyde (71,189). The percentage of total cancer deaths attributed to occupational exposure was 4% (6% in men, 0.9% in women). Compared with other European countries, the incidence of lung cancer and leukemia in Spain are one of the lowest, but it is rapidly increasing. The incidence of urinary bladder and larynx cancer, on the contrary, are one of the highest. Few studies on occupational cancer have been conducted in Spain. The main problems are the availability of death certificates and the quality of the information on occupation in mortality of statistics. It is necessary to improve methods of assessment of exposures using expert hygienists and biologic markers of exposure and diseases. Reduction of cancer by limiting or avoiding exposure to known occupational carcinogens is still necessary. PMID:10350510

González, C A; Agudo, A

1999-05-01

132

Occupational cancer in Spain.  

PubMed Central

The knowledge of specific problems of occupational cancer in Spain is scarce. The environment of the workplace has improved over the last few years after a long period distinguished by bad working conditions, incomplete legislation, and insufficient safety measures and control. It has been estimated that 3,083,479 workers (25.4% of employees) were exposed to carcinogens. The most common occupational exposures to carcinogenic agents were solar radiation, environmental tobacco smoke, silica, and wood dust. The highest number of employees were exposed to silica crystalline (404,729), diesel engine exhaust (274,321), rubber products (99,804), benzene (89,932), ethylene dibromide (81,336), agents used in furniture and cabinet making (72,068), and formaldehyde (71,189). The percentage of total cancer deaths attributed to occupational exposure was 4% (6% in men, 0.9% in women). Compared with other European countries, the incidence of lung cancer and leukemia in Spain are one of the lowest, but it is rapidly increasing. The incidence of urinary bladder and larynx cancer, on the contrary, are one of the highest. Few studies on occupational cancer have been conducted in Spain. The main problems are the availability of death certificates and the quality of the information on occupation in mortality of statistics. It is necessary to improve methods of assessment of exposures using expert hygienists and biologic markers of exposure and diseases. Reduction of cancer by limiting or avoiding exposure to known occupational carcinogens is still necessary.

Gonzalez, C A; Agudo, A

1999-01-01

133

Occupational health experience with organic additives  

SciTech Connect

For many decades, interest in occupational medicine has been focused on the wide variety of organic additives, which includes a large number of substances, for example, dyestuffs, pigments, and auxiliaries for the textile, leather, and paper industries. The reason is that, if the recommended precautions are not observed, there is a risk of exposure to most of these substances during both production and use. Moreover, over the years, some additives have caused concern and aroused suspicion regarding adverse effects on health. In order to deal with health problems in this field, it is important to be aware of how, what, and where occupational diseases or accidents arise. Much knowledge has been gained about these, and it would be an impossible task to give a systematic survey of the data that have accumulated, especially since it is necessary to take account of the problem of exposure to more than one substance. Thus an attempt is made to report on occupational health experience in general, and to demonstrate how an industrial hygienist may approach the many and various problems. Some epidemiological studies on organic additives (auramine, anthraquinone dyestuffs, organic dyes, etc.) are discussed.

Thiess, A.M.; Wellenreuther, G.

1984-12-01

134

29 CFR 570.54 - Forest fire fighting and forest fire prevention occupations, timber tract occupations, forestry...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...occupations, timber tract occupations, forestry service occupations, logging occupations...occupations, timber tract occupations, forestry service occupations, logging occupations...fire prevention, in timber tracts, in forestry services, logging, and the...

2013-07-01

135

Psychiatrists' Perceptions of Occupational Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study investigated the relationship of psychiatrists' knowledge about occupational therapy and the number of referrals to occupational therapy.Method: Thirty-four psychiatrists in the Omaha area were surveyed about their knowledge of occupational therapy and the number of referrals they write for occupational therapy services.Results: A positive relationship was found between the lack of knowledge regarding occupational therapy and the

Jessica Schnoes Pottebaum; Amy Svinarich

2005-01-01

136

Blood on the coal: The effect of organizational size and differentiation on coal mine accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionEach year, there are at least 100,000,000 occupational accidents and 100,000 occupational deaths in the world. In the United States, one of the safest countries in the world in which to work, there were more than 5,400 workplace fatalities and 5.9 million workplace injuries in 2007. The cost to American industry and taxpayers is estimated to be at least $170 billion per

Karen Page

2009-01-01

137

Human Engineering Analysis of Real World Industrial Accidents: Using Plant-Specific Data to Understand Cultural Aspects of Accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Trends in industrial accident reduction in the USA include building safer and more accountable work cultures. These trends\\u000a are reflected in the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Safety Health Achievement Recognition Program (SHARP).\\u000a SHARP promotes cultural concepts such as leadership and employee participation. Evaluating the effects of a management system\\u000a such as SHARP can be difficult for small industrial

R. Conway Underwood; Sri Kumar; Melissa A. Pethel; Glen C. Rains; Paul A. Schlumper; Daniel Strickland

138

UV-induced occupational skin cancer: possibilities of secondary individual prevention in the "Dermatologist's Procedure".  

PubMed

Invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) as a "quasi occupational disease" according to §9 Section 2 of the German Social Code Book (SGB) VII typically develops on chronically UV-damaged skin from actinic keratoses. After the Medical Scientific Committee of the Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs has confirmed the legal criteria for acknowledging UV-induced SCC as an occupational disease, it is expected that the condition will be added to the official list of occupational diseases issued by the Federal Government in the near future. The Social Accident Insurance is required by law (§3 Occupational Disease Regulation) to prevent these tumors by "all appropriate means". There are excellent therapeutic and preventive measures for the management of actinic keratoses to avoid the development of SCC. The "Dermatologist's Procedure" according to §§ 41-43 of the agreement between the Social Accident Insurance and the Federal Medical Association was established in Germany in 1972 to take preventive measures in insured persons with skin lesions possibly developing into an occupational disease, or worsening it, or leading to a recurrence of it This procedure proved to be very successful in the prevention of severe and/or recurring skin diseases forcing a worker to leave his job. On the basis of this agreement, the Social Accident Insurance has the instruments to independently provide preventive measures for the new occupational skin disease SCC induced by natural UV light according to §9 Section 2 of the German Social Code Book (SGB) VII. PMID:23668257

Elsner, Peter; Blome, Otto; Diepgen, Thomas Ludwig

2013-07-01

139

Maritime accident investigation methodologies.  

PubMed

Whenever a naval disaster occurs, a public outcry is heard to a full investigation into the causes of the event. Although the maritime industry has an outstanding reputation in accident investigation, such investigations are hardly conducted in inland shipping or leisure craft sailing. Due to a number of serious accidents in the maritime sector and increasing interest by public and media, the philosophy of independent investigations has gained interest at a policy making level in the European Union and with international NGO's, such as the International Maritime Organization IMO. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the application of this methodology in all segments of shipping. The paper elaborates a conceptual model, principle processes and available techniques as a common orientation to safety-focused investigations. Accident investigation reports of Dutch investigative agencies are benchmarked to this model assessing the potential of the approach to all segments of shipping. It shows the applicability to minor as well as major accidents and the importance of independence. Systemic deficiencies at all levels in safety of shipping are identified and a generic applicability is demonstrated. It is concluded that independent accident investigation provides a powerful diagnostic tool for reducing the peril of drowning. PMID:14664367

Stoop, J A

2003-12-01

140

[Accidents affecting potato harvesters].  

PubMed

During industrialization in agriculture, many farming machines have been introduced. It is well-known that farming is a dangerous workplace and that farm machinery cause many serious accidents every year. Four cases of accidents with potato harvesters are discussed. In three of four cases the farmers were injured while cleaning the machine without stopping it, which probably was the main cause of the accidents. Farmers are in general not careful enough when using farm machinery. Every year, farmers in Denmark are severely invalided in accidents with potato harvesters. A strategy to lower the accidents is proposed: 1. Information of farmers, farmer schools, machine constructors and importers about mechanisms of injury. 2. A better education of farmers in using potato harvesters (and other farming machines). 3. Better fencing of the potato harvesters. 4. If possibly constructional changes in the potato harvesters so things will not get stuck, or so that the machine will stop if things stuck. 5. Installation of switches on potato harvesters, which can be reached from all positions, stopping the machines immediately, or a remote switch control carried by the farmer. PMID:8212405

Hansen, J U

1993-09-27

141

Occupation and gastric cancer  

PubMed Central

Gastric cancer is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality. There are several risk factors, with occupation emerging as one of these. There is considerable evidence that occupations in coal and tin mining, metal processing, particularly steel and iron, and rubber manufacturing industries lead to an increased risk of gastric cancer. Other "dusty" occupations—for example, wood processing, or work in high temperature environments have also been implicated but the evidence is not strong. The mechanism of pathogenesis of gastric cancer is unclear and the identification of causative agents can be difficult. Dust is thought to be a contributor to the pathological process, but well known carcinogens such as N-nitroso compounds have been detected in some environments. Further research on responsible agents is necessary and screening for detection of precursor gastric cancer lesions at the workplace merits consideration.

Raj, A; Mayberry, J; Podas, T

2003-01-01

142

[Occupational allergies to bromelain].  

PubMed

The protease bromelain originating from the pineapple fruit (Ananas comosus) finds frequent use in industry. Exposure to enzyme dusts has long been known to cause occupational allergies. The present paper reviews the results of the evaluation of literature data concerning occupational airway sensitization due to bromelain. Cases of specific airway sensitization caused by bromelain could be shown clearly by the presented studies. Since the symptoms, results of skin prick tests, detection of specific IgE antibodies and results of specific bronchoprovocation tests are consistent, an immunological mechanism can be assumed. PMID:17342576

van Kampen, V; Merget, R; Brüning, T

2007-03-01

143

Occupational Contact Dermatitis  

PubMed Central

Occupational contact dermatitis accounts for 90% of all cases of work-related cutaneous disorders. It can be divided into irritant contact dermatitis, which occurs in 80% of cases, and allergic contact dermatitis. In most cases, both types will present as eczematous lesions on exposed parts of the body, notably the hands. Accurate diagnosis relies on meticulous history taking, thorough physical examination, careful reading of Material Safety Data Sheets to distinguish between irritants and allergens, and comprehensive patch testing to confirm or rule out allergic sensitization. This article reviews the pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of occupational contact dermatitis and provides diagnostic guidelines and a rational approach to management of these often frustrating cases.

2008-01-01

144

Criticality accident alarm system  

SciTech Connect

The American National Standard ANSI/ANS-8.3-1986, Criticality Accident Alarm System provides guidance for the establishment and maintenance of an alarm system to initiate personnel evacuation in the event of inadvertent criticality. In addition to identifying the physical features of the components of the system, the characteristics of accidents of concern are carefully delineated. Unfortunately, this ANSI Standard has led to considerable confusion in interpretation, and there is evidence that the minimum accident of concern'' may not be appropriate. Furthermore, although intended as a guide, the provisions of the standard are being rigorously applied, sometimes with interpretations that are not consistent. Although the standard is clear in the use of absorbed dose in free air of 20 rad, at least one installation has interpreted the requirement to apply to dose in soft tissue. The standard is also clear in specifying the response to both neutrons and gamma rays. An assembly of uranyl fluoride enriched to 5% {sup 235}U was operated to simulate a potential accident. The dose, delivered in a free run excursion 2 m from the surface of the vessel, was greater than 500 rad, without ever exceeding a rate of 20 rad/min, which is the set point for activating an alarm that meets the standard. The presence of an alarm system would not have prevented any of the five major accidents in chemical operations nor is it absolutely certain that the alarms were solely responsible for reducing personnel exposures following the accident. Nevertheless, criticality alarm systems are now the subject of great effort and expense. 13 refs.

Malenfant, R.E.

1991-01-01

145

[Performance spectrum in occupational disability. Causes--occupational groups--age--duration of insurance].  

PubMed

The causes of disability were elaborated in an extensive study. Accidents, coronary heart disease, diseases of the spine, and orthopedic diseases are the four most common diagnoses and account together for 52.4% of all cases of disability. The incidence of other even rarer diagnoses was shown. The average ages differ from diagnosis to diagnosis. While the average of all cases is at age 45.5 years for the beginning of disability and 9.8 years for the duration period there are diagnoses that lead to disability at an earlier age and after a shorter duration period such as for instance schizophrenia, inflammatory bowel diseases, allergies and skin affections. Heart and circulatory diseases and depressions on the other side occur at a later age and after a longer duration period. At the evaluation of risks special attention should be paid to those causes of early disability since they can turn into a claim after a short duration period and therefore can cause great subsequent costs. Some general statements can be made about occupational groups and causes of disability. Diseases of heart and circulation are rarer in physically active occupations such as construction, agriculture, and industry than in white collar workers and liberal professions. On the other side orthopedic diseases and accidents occur more frequently in construction, industry and agriculture. White collar workers tend to have more psychiatric problems which can be explained with a higher potential of conflicts at work. PMID:2149783

Akermann, S

1990-12-01

146

Occupational Therapy and Occupational Science: Past and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of occupational therapy as generally understood is conspicuously without any reference to the role of science in the founders’ vision of occupational therapy. However, the founders understood the clear need to delineate a scientific basis for understanding the healing power of occupation in terms of both the present and the future of the fledgling profession. This presentation will

Don Gordon

2004-01-01

147

Occupational Orientation: Industrial Oriented Occupations. Experimental Curriculum Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These experimental curriculum materials, for one of five clusters developed for the occupational orientation program in Illinois, contain teacher references and a series of learning activity packages (LAPs) designed to acquaint the student with the wide range of occupational choices available in the industrial oriented occupations field. The 30…

Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.

148

Occupational Injuries, Illnesses and Fatalities  

MedlinePLUS

... News Releases Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days Away From Work November 26, 2013 The rate ... PDF 62K) Nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses requiring days away from work ( HTML ) ( PDF ) Archived Census of ...

149

Stress Management in Occupational Settings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Various stress management procedures for use in the occupational setting are summarized, including relaxation, biofeedback, and psychological coping strategies. Most research linking stress to illness is not based on data derived from the occupational env...

G. E. Schwartz

1979-01-01

150

Occupational Literacy Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for teachers of adult basic education as well as teachers in job retraining programs, this book focuses on the development of written and oral language competencies required in occupational and training settings. The first four chapters offer a concise synthesis of recent research on adult learning and on workplace literacy for ten…

Rush, R. Timothy; And Others

151

Prognosis of occupational asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: Several studies on the,prognosis of occupational asthma have shown that a significant proportion of patients continue to experience asthmatic symptoms and nonspecific bronchial hyperresponsiveness after cessation of work. The deter- minants of this unfavourable prognosis of asthma ,are: long duration of exposure before the onset of asthma; long duration of symptoms,before diagnosis; baseline airway obstruction; dual response after specific

P. L. Paggiaro; B. Vagaggini; E. Bacci; L. Bancalari; M. Carrara; A. Di Franco; D. Giannini; F. L. Dente; C. Giuntini

1994-01-01

152

Occupational dermatitis in shoemakers.  

PubMed

In an epidemiological study of occupational dermatitis in 5 different shoe factories, 246 workers were interviewed, examined and patch tested using standard and occupational patch test series. The prevalence of occupational contact dermatitis was 14.6% (36/246): 8.1% (20/246) irritant contact dermatitis (OICD) and 6.5% (16/246) allergic contact dermatitis (OACD). Among the latter, the most common occupational allergens were p-tert-butylphenol-formaldehyde resin and mercaptobenzothiazole. 6% (15/246) presented with hyperkeratosis of the fingertips, while 3.2% (8/246) reported pruritus sine materia (PSM) present only during working hours. 2 workers presented with vitiligo-like leukodermic patches on the backs of their hands and on their forearms. Some jobs were more frequently associated with skin complaints. In the assembly department, OACD was most frequent (11.4%), attributed to contact with adhesives and, to a lesser degree, with rubber and leather. OICD caused by contact with the solvents contained in adhesives and varnishes was most frequent in the assembly and trimming departments (17.1% and 15.6%, respectively). PSM, probably caused by the dust present in the working environment was reported by 33.3% of the workers in the sole-cutting and scraping departments. Hyperkeratosis of the fingertips, as a reaction to the continuous trauma of leather on the skin, was observed most frequently (41.6%) in the sole-cutting department. PMID:8789219

Mancuso, G; Reggiani, M; Berdondini, R M

1996-01-01

153

Health Occupations. Nursing Assistant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Materials contained in this package are designed for use with students interested in the occupation of nurses aide. The package has two sections, one which looks closely at the job and the student, and the other--the curriculum phase--which concerns actual student use of learning activity packages (LAPs). These two components together form a "job…

Megow, Joye G.

154

Occupational skin infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of skin infections may complicate different occupations depending on the working environment and level of exposure to a particular agent. These in turn may affect the productivity of an individual worker and ultimately the company as a whole. This review aims to highlight some common and important skin infections that may be acquired at work. Epidemiology, clinical features,

M. J. Harries; J. T. Lear

2004-01-01

155

Evaluating Occupational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stresses the importance of evaluating occupational programs on a regular basis. Offers a brief explanation of the approaches to program evaluation taken at the Dallas County Community College District (TX), South Puget Sound Community College (WA), and Triton College (IL). Offers a list of references on program evaluation. (CBC)

Long, James P.

1987-01-01

156

Occupational Therapy and Neuropsychiatry  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is suggested that increasing evidence of neurophysiological etiologies for mental illness must be taken into account in rationalizing the effectiveness of occupational therapy for psychiatric disorders. The role of activity in metabolizing stress hormones is describes as a possible mechanism of therapeutic effectiveness. The sensory integrative effects of certain activities are also postulated to contribute to improvement in selected

Lorna Jean King

1983-01-01

157

Foodservice Occupations Cluster Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist vocational teachers in developing and implementing a cluster program in food service occupations, this guide contains sections on cluster organization and implementation and instructional emphasis areas. The cluster organization and implementation section covers goal-based planning and includes a proposed cluster curriculum, a…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

158

Occupational hazards of farming.  

PubMed

A number of occupational hazards exist for the farmer and farm worker. They include the hazards of farm machinery, biologic and chemical hazards, and social and environmental stresses. Recognizing of these hazards will help the family physician care for farmers and their families. PMID:21248929

White, G; Cessna, A

1989-11-01

159

Hospitality Occupations. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide on the hospitality occupations was developed to help secondary and postsecondary home economics teachers prepare individuals for entry-level jobs in the hospitality industry. The content is in seven sections. The first section presents organizational charts of a medium-size hotel, food and beverage division, housekeeping and…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of Homemaking Education.

160

Occupational cancer in Britain  

PubMed Central

To estimate the current occupational cancer burden due to past exposures in Britain, estimates of the number of exposed workers at different levels are required, as well as risk estimates of cancer due to the exposures. This paper describes the methods and results for estimating the historical exposures. All occupational carcinogens or exposure circumstances classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer as definite or probable human carcinogens and potentially to be found in British workplaces over the past 20–40 years were included in this study. Estimates of the number of people exposed by industrial sector were based predominantly on two sources of data, the CARcinogen EXposure (CAREX) database and the UK Labour Force Survey. Where possible, multiple and overlapping exposures were taken into account. Dose–response risk estimates were generally not available in the epidemiological literature for the cancer–exposure pairs in this study, and none of the sources available for obtaining the numbers exposed provided data by different levels of exposure. Industrial sectors were therefore assigned using expert judgement to ‘higher'- and ‘lower'-exposure groups based on the similarity of exposure to the population in the key epidemiological studies from which risk estimates had been selected. Estimates of historical exposure prevalence were obtained for 41 carcinogens or occupational circumstances. These include exposures to chemicals and metals, combustion products, other mixtures or groups of chemicals, mineral and biological dusts, physical agents and work patterns, as well as occupations and industries that have been associated with increased risk of cancer, but for which the causative agents are unknown. There were more than half a million workers exposed to each of six carcinogens (radon, solar radiation, crystalline silica, mineral oils, non-arsenical insecticides and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin); other agents to which a large number of workers are exposed included benzene, diesel engine exhaust and environmental tobacco smoke. The study has highlighted several industrial sectors with large proportions of workers potentially exposed to multiple carcinogens. The relevant available data have been used to generate estimates of the prevalence of past exposure to occupational carcinogens to enable the occupational cancer burden in Britain to be estimated. These data are considered adequate for the present purpose, but new data on the prevalence and intensity of current occupational exposure to carcinogens should be collected to ensure that future policy decisions be based on reliable evidence.

Van Tongeren, Martie; Jimenez, Araceli S; Hutchings, Sally J; MacCalman, Laura; Rushton, Lesley; Cherrie, John W

2012-01-01

161

Accidents and Aging.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Elderly people incur a high rate of accidental injuries and fatalities (a death rate more than twice that of the population at large). Empirical evidence to substantiate the seriousness of product-related accidents for people over age 55 was analyzed. Thi...

S. J. Czaja, K. Hammond, C. C. Drury

1982-01-01

162

Physics in Accident Investigations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes physics formulas which can be used by law enforcement officials to determine the possible velocity of vehicles involved in traffic accidents. These include, among others, the slide to stop-level road, slide to stop-sloping roadway, and slide to stop-two different surfaces formulas. (JN)

Brake, Mary L.

1981-01-01

163

Factbook on U.S. Pedestrian Accidents.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three sets of accident data files have been analyzed to obtain a greater understanding of the personal, situational, and vehicle-related factors involved in pedestrian accidents. These include all fatal pedestrian accidents contained in the Fatal Accident...

A. C. Wolfe J. O'Day

1981-01-01

164

The variation of occupational injury cost in Australia; estimates based on a small empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to asses the ‘direct’ and ‘indirect’ costs associated with occupational injury in Australia, a sample of accidents were investigated with the help of in-depth interviews with victims, supervisors and managers in a number of small, medium-size and large industries in Victoria, Australia. The average cost for minor (?7 days lost) and major (>7 days lost) injuries was assessed,

Tore J. Larsson; Neville J. Betts

1996-01-01

165

Reported occupational injuries at Swedish recycling centres – based on official statistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Swedish recycling centres are manned facilities for waste collection. There is no special category in the official injury statistics for employees at recycling centres, which precludes a straightforward analysis of reported occupational injuries. This study aimed at identifying the frequency of reported accidents and diseases and the type of events that contribute to such injuries at recycling centres, based on

I.-L. Engkvist; R. Svensson; J. Eklund

2011-01-01

166

Chainat: A Case Study in Occupational Health and Safety Promotion for Farmers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The high rates of occupationally related injuries, accidents, and deaths in rural Thailand are of particular concern to public health officials, as well as the residents and workers living in these areas. In response to specific concerns raised by local residents and local health officials in Chainat Province, Thailand, the Work Improvement in Neighborhood Development (WIND) programme was introduced and

Sara ARPHORN; Richard BROOKS; Panupun PERMSIRIVANICH

2006-01-01

167

Occupational Exposures to Potentially Infectious Material Among Guatemalan Health Care Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about the risks to Guatemalan health care workers from accidental exposures to potentially infectious material. We studied occupational accidents at one of Guatemala's national hospitals to describe their frequency and setting. The current study was conducted on a cohort of health care workers seen at the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) specialty clinic of the Hospital General

Blanca Samayoa; Matthew Anderson; Eduardo Arathoon; Claudia Hernandez; Daniel Bourque; Carlos Vela

2006-01-01

168

A Functional Classification of Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for more and better manpower information is hampered by the lack of adequate occupational data classification systems. The diversity of interests in occupations probably accounts for the absence of consensus regarding either the general outlines or the specific details of a standardized occupational classification system which would…

McKinlay, Donald Bruce

169

Organised crime, occupations and opportunity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper elaborates upon occupations, work relations, work settings, and their connection with organised crime activities. The analysis is based upon data from 120 case studies from the Dutch Organised Crime Monitor, involving 1623 suspects. The paper describes the different kinds of occupations encountered in cases of organised crime and the main characteristics of these occupations. Furthermore, the paper describes

Edward R. Kleemans; Henk G. Van de Bunt

2008-01-01

170

Theoretical Conceptualizations of Occupational Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A descriptive chronology of occupational therapists' conceptualizations of occupational therapy is presented. Major theoretical frames of reference and common theory bases underlying occupational therapy practice are identified. The question of the apparent lack of theoretical conceptualizations of practice based on biomechanical approaches is raised.

Lela A. Llorens

1984-01-01

171

Occupational Therapy for Chronic Pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

The patient with chronic pain presents a dilemma for physical as well as psychiatric health care. Usually coming to the attention of mental health professionals after limited or no successful treatment with medical specialties, these patients present with a variety of factors that disrupt occupational functioning. Occupational therapy is the health profession qualified to analyze occupational function and dysfunction for

Rebecca Liggan Gusich

1984-01-01

172

Occupational hazards in plastic surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The occurrence of occupational disorders among plastic surgeons has not had much attention in the literature thus far. A case of a plastic surgeon with distal interphalangeal arthrosis, considered to represent an occupational disorder, is presented. In a review of the literature, possible occupational hazards in plastic surgery are discussed.

J. J. Hage; H. M. Suliman; J. Verhagen; F. G. Bouman

1995-01-01

173

The situation of hazardous chemical accidents in China between 2000 and 2006.  

PubMed

From the aspects of the total quantity of accidents, regional inequality, enterprises scale and environmental pollution accidents, this study makes an analysis of hazardous chemical accidents in China for the period spanning from 2000 to 2006. The following results are obtained: firstly, there were lots of accidents and fatalities in hazardous chemical business, i.e., the number of casualty accidents fluctuated between 200 and 600/year, the number of fatality fluctuated between 220 and 1100/year. Secondly, the accident rate in developed southeast coastal areas, e.g., Guangdong, Zhejiang and Jiangsu, was far higher than that in the northwest regions, e.g., Xizang, Xinjiang, and Qinghai. Thirdly, nearly 80% of dangerous chemical accidents had occurred in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Finally, various sudden environmental pollution accidents resulted from hazardous chemicals were frequent in recent years, causing a huge damage to human and property. Then, based on the readjustment of economic structure in the last decades, the development status of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in SMEs and other factors, the paper explores the main causes, which offers valuable insight into measures that should be taken to reduce hazardous chemical accidents. PMID:21239108

Duan, Weili; Chen, Guohua; Ye, Qing; Chen, Qingguang

2011-02-28

174

Determinants of Ship Accident Seaworthiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates determinants of the seaworthiness of ships involved in accidents, utilizing detailed data of individual tanker, container and bulk ship (U.S. and foreign) accidents investigated by the U.S. Coast Guard. Ordered probit estimation results suggest that ship accident seaworthiness: 1) increases with ship size; 2) is greater if the ship is classified by the American Bureau of Shipping

Wayne K Talley

1999-01-01

175

Investigating Accidents in the Workplace. A Manual for Compliance Safety and Health Officers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was developed for Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHO) of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to help them carry out their responsibilities when investigating workplace accidents. The content is presented in four sections. The first overviews the investigative roles of CSHO officers, including…

Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington, DC.

176

Injuries associated with cycle rickshaws accidents  

PubMed Central

Context: Cycle rickshaw is an important means of transportation in Urban India. Pedestrians, rickshaw users, rickshaw pullers, two wheeled vehicle users and cyclists are among the most vulnerable road user groups in terms of injuries and fatalities resulting from road traffic accidents in India. Our objectives were to study characteristics of crashes and nature of injuries associated with cycle rickshaw. Patients and Methods: Between August 2008 to July 2009, a hospital based observational study was done of patients who presented to King George medical college trauma center with injury sustained due to cycle rickshaw in emergency department. Age, time of trauma, mode of trauma, contributing factors and type of injury were recorded. Results: The mean age of the patient was 32.1. Seventeen patients were rickshaw pullers and the rest were occupants of the rickshaw. Overloading with more than two passengers was found in 24 cases (28.5%). Most common cause of injury was collision with a moving vehicle (56 patients, %) followed by fall from rickshaw. The most common contributing factor was the overloading of rickshaw. On arrival to the hospital, the mean Injury severity score (ISS) was 3.5 ± 2.2 and the mean Glasgow coma scale (GCS) was 13.4 ± 4.3. Nine patients were admitted to ICU (Intensive care unit). The median ICU stay was 4 (1-24 days). Six of the ICU admitted patients had head injury. Conclusion: Rickshaw pullers and occupants are vulnerable to road traffic accidents. Urgent preventive measures targeted towards this group are needed to reduce the morbidity and mortality resulting from injuries involving rickshaws. The need for improved understanding of the risk characteristics of cycle rickshaw is emphasized.

Meena, Sanjay; Barwar, Nilesh; Rastogi, Devarshi; Sharma, Vineet

2014-01-01

177

Applying STAMP in Accident Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Accident models play a critical role in accident investigation and analysis. Most traditional models are based on an underlying chain of events. These models, however, have serious limitations when used for complex, socio-technical systems. Previously, Leveson proposed a new accident model (STAMP) based on system theory. In STAMP, the basic concept is not an event but a constraint. This paper shows how STAMP can be applied to accident analysis using three different views or models of the accident process and proposes a notation for describing this process.

Leveson, Nancy; Daouk, Mirna; Dulac, Nicolas; Marais, Karen

2003-01-01

178

Laser accidents: occurrence and response.  

PubMed

The goal of the laser safety officer and any laser safety program is to prevent a laser accident from occurring, in particular, one that causes an injury to a person's eyes. Most laser safety courses "in-house commercial" discuss laser accidents, causes, and types of injury. Many do not address appropriate actions to be taken if such an accident occurs. This article reviews a sampling of laser accidents that have occurred and provides a quick overview of the appropriate steps to take when a laser accident occurs. PMID:12751200

Barat, Ken

2003-05-01

179

[Psychiatric sequelae of severe burn injuries: emotional distress and resources of occupationally versus non occupationally insured patients 1 year after burn injury].  

PubMed

Severe burn injuries are traumatic events and can have serious impact on all areas of life frequently causing high emotional distress. In a multicentre study resources and emotional distress of patients with serious burn injuries were assessed during the first hospitalization and at 6 and 12 months follow-up. Patients with severe burn injuries after accidents in a private environment (NBG patients) and patients after occupational accidents covered by the German Social Accident Insurance (BG patients) were compared. All patients reported marked emotional impairment, particularly during the hospitalization. At follow-up a reduction of emotional distress was detected. Nearly half of the patients received a diagnosis of one or more mental disorders according to DSM-IV criteria. When treating patients with burns, special attention should be given to their mental health. They should be offered psychological support to cope with the aftermath of the accident, especially after discharge from hospital when returning to their normal surroundings. PMID:20703444

Ripper, S; Stolle, A; Seehausen, A; Klinkenberg, M; Germann, G; Hartmann, B; Renneberg, B

2010-11-01

180

Environmental and Occupational Exposures in Immigrant Health  

PubMed Central

Immigrants comprise vulnerable populations that are frequently exposed to a multitude of environmental and occupational hazards. The historical context behind state and federal legislation has helped to foster an environment that is particularly hostile toward caring for immigrant health. Current hazards include toxic exposures, air and noise pollution, motor vehicle accidents, crowded living and work environments with inadequate ventilation, poor sanitation, mechanical injury, among many others. Immigrants lack the appropriate training, materials, health care access, and other resources to reduce their exposure to preventable environmental and occupational health risks. This dilemma is exacerbated by current anti-immigrant sentiments, miscommunication between native and immigrant populations, and legislation denying immigrants access to publicly funded medical care. Given that current health policy has failed to address immigrant health appropriately and political impetus is lacking, efforts should also focus on alternative solutions, including organized labor. Labor unions that serve to educate workers, survey work environments, and defend worker rights will greatly alleviate and prevent the burden of disease incurred by immigrants. The nation’s health will benefit from improved regulation of living and workplace environments to improve the health of immigrants, regardless of legal status.

Eamranond, Pracha P.; Hu, Howard

2008-01-01

181

Occupational health and safety management in small and medium-sized enterprises: An overview of the situation in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to present an overview of the situation of occupational health and safety management in small and medium size enterprises (SMEs) to gain information related to employment, welfare and health facilities, health education, accident statistics, occupational health and safety management and safety activities. A self-administered questionnaire was developed, comprising check-box questions and open-ended questions. The targeted industries were

Pornpimol Kongtip; Witaya Yoosook; Suttinun Chantanakul

2008-01-01

182

[Risk factors in traffic accidents].  

PubMed

Traffic accidents, which influence to every age group people, are an important public health. This study to determine which condition it has happened more, which days, months and years it has happened, what things have caused to happen traffic accidents. The study was made in Erciyes University Medical School Emergency Department. 31,550 patients applied to emergency department in a period of twelve months in 1998. 7098 (22%) cases of these were traffic accidents. It has done on 710 patients who have been brought to emergency by traffic accidents, and 10% systematic sampling of 7098 people. 504 (71%) of patients were male, 206 (29%) of them were female, the average age was 26.0 (min-max: 1-85). It was observed that traffic accidents occurred during peak times 1200-1800 p.m. The number of traffic accidents was higher during the weekends and in may and June than other times. All the accidents occurred in the same way both within and outside urban area. But the drivers hit the pedestrians more in the urban area. Although it has been seen 'the cars' in the accidents the most. The most mortality has been occurred in bus, minibus and motorbike accidents. The first treatment place of the casualties of 80.5% was at university emergency department. 619 all of the casualties who were admitted the university emergency department was simple injured. They all left the hospital with cure. 52 of casualties lost their life. As a result, some risk factors increase incidence of traffic accidents. Considering these risk factors in taking measures is of great importance in prevention of traffic accidents. Morbidity and mortality are affected by place where accidents occur, time of accident, properties of motor vehicles, and quality of medical care performed following the incident. PMID:11813478

Sözüer, M; Yildirim, C; Senol, V; Unalan, D; Naçar, M; Günay, O

2000-10-01

183

Contributions of occupational hazards and human factors in occupational injuries and their associations with job, age and type of injuries in railway workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  To assess the contributions of environmental hazards, technical dysfunctions, lack of work organization, know-how and job\\u000a knowledge, and other human factors in occupational injuries and their relationships with job, age and type of accidents in\\u000a railway workers.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The sample included 1,604 male workers, having had at least one occupational injury with sick leave during a 2-year period\\u000a in voluntary French

Nearkasen Chau; Gerome C. Gauchard; Dominique Dehaene; Lahoucine Benamghar; Christian Touron; Philippe P. Perrin; Jean-Marie Mur

2007-01-01

184

The meaning of occupation, occupational need, and occupational therapy in a military context.  

PubMed

Despite occupational therapists having strong historical ties to the Canadian military, there are currently no uniformed occupational therapists and only a few permanent occupational therapists employed by Canadian Forces. Occupational therapy is provided, in the main, through civilian occupational therapists. Occupational therapists have unique skills that can contribute to the existing Canadian Forces Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Services Department. To establish the depth and scope of their work, this article explains the theoretical underpinnings of occupational therapy. Examples are provided of possible occupational therapy for populations of Canadian Forces members: (1) those with transient, intermittent injuries; (2) those returning from overseas missions with very serious injuries or severe injuries; and (3) those with permanent injuries who are transitioning from the Canadian Forces into the civilian workforce. Interventions for mental health issues are interwoven with those targeting physical issues. The article suggests that occupational therapists employed on a permanent basis by the Canadian Forces can contribute in a more comprehensive manner to the wider rehabilitation of Canadian Forces members. The article has applicability to occupational therapy military services in other countries. PMID:23329560

Brown, Helen Viola; Hollis, Vivien

2013-09-01

185

Occupation on the Edge: Occupational Science in Dialogue With Anthropology and Occupational Therapy, Panel 3 - Paper 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will explore how clinical issues in occupational therapy lead to questions regarding the nature of occupation, the focus of occupational science. Because of the inextricable link between culture and occupation, anthropological methods and anthropological theories often inform qualitative research studies in occupational therapy. Drawing from an ethnographic study of adults with high functioning autism, the goodness of fit

Nancy Bagatell

2006-01-01

186

Occupation on the Edge: Occupational Science in Dialogue With Anthropology and Occupational Therapy, Panel 3 - Paper 3  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jean Cole Spencer was an anthropologist, occupational therapist and occupational scientist in the Department of Occupational Therapy at Texas Women’s University. Her evolution spanned 30 years of scholarly contributions and forged important interdisciplinary linkages. These linkages and possible tensions between occupational therapy, occupational science and anthropology will be explored as evidenced in her writing and research. The broader challenges and

Sally Schultz

2006-01-01

187

Embodying occupational overuse syndrome.  

PubMed

This article explores the ways in which embodiedness has become problematic for New Zealand sufferers of occupational overuse syndrome (OOS). While successful rehabilitation could lead back to employment, this was based on the biographical continuity of a bodily hexus that ignored persistent pain. The reality of OOS involved a liminal fragility associated with social isolation, loss of identities, pain and functional disability that was incorporated into re-negotiated identities and biographies with the result that respondents became exquisitely self-absorbed, exercising constant bodily surveillance and discipline in order to manage their symptoms. PMID:21169210

Jaye, Chrystal; Fitzgerald, Ruth

2011-07-01

188

Occupational Sex Segregation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a Sociology class for undergraduate students. This activity looks as gender and occupation over time in the United States. This activity uses one customized data sets made from combining census information from 1970-1990. It guides students through data manipulation using WebCHIP software found at DataCounts!. To open WebCHIP with the dataset for the activity, please see instructions and links in the exercise documents under teaching materials. For more information on how to use WebCHIP, see the How To section on DataCounts!

Fuller, Theodore

189

[Traumatic and occupational deafness].  

PubMed

The frequency of accidental, traumatic hearing loss is increasing due to a sometimes violently noisy environment and to the development of sports as leisure activities. The diagnosis is based on knowledge of the circumstances of the trauma and on otoscopic examination. Total audiometry localises the damage. Occupational hearing loss forms a special subset of traumatic deafness. This trauma is usually due to intense noise occurring at the work-place. It is of insidious onset, irreversibly progressive and without treatment once under way; Prevention is based on knowledge of the deleterious effects of noise and on the individual factors of the subject at risk. PMID:10737087

Poncet, J L; Kossowski, M; Verdaille, P

2000-01-15

190

Compensation for occupational diseases by chemical agents in Korea.  

PubMed

Investigation into the frequency of compensation for occupational diseases (ODs) caused by hazardous chemicals revealed an important opportunity for the improvement and further development of occupational health and safety systems in Korea. In response to concerns after outbreaks of disease due to chemical exposure, specific criteria for recognition of ODs were established and included in the Enforcement Decree of the Labor Standard Act (LSA) and the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act (IACIA) on June 28, 2013. However, the original versions of the LSA and IACIA contain several limitations. First, the criteria was listed inconsistently according to the symptoms or signs of acute poisoning. Second, all newly recognized hazardous chemicals and chemicals recognized as hazardous by the International Labor Organization (ILO) were not included in the LSA and IACIA. Although recent amendments have addressed these shortcomings, future amendments should strive to include all chemicals listed by the ILO and continuously add newly discovered hazardous chemicals as they are introduced into the workplace. PMID:25006329

Kwon, Soon-Chan; Roh, Soo-Yong; Lee, Ji-Hoon; Kim, Eun-A

2014-06-01

191

Occupational Health for Healthcare Providers  

MedlinePLUS

... prevention practices. They can reduce your risk of health problems. Use protective equipment, follow infection control guidelines, ... manage stress. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

192

Contributive factors to aviation accidents.  

PubMed

The objective of the study was to compare the results of aviation accident analyses performed by the Center for Investigation and Prevention of Aviation Accidents (CENIPA) with the method Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS). The final reports of thirty-six general aviation accidents occurring between 2000 and 2005 in the State of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil were analyzed and compared. CENIPA reports mentioned 163 contributive factors, while HFACS identified 370 factors. It was concluded that CENIPA reports did not contemplate the organizational factors associated with aviation accidents. PMID:21344127

Fajer, Marcia; Almeida, Ildeberto Muniz de; Fischer, Frida Marina

2011-04-01

193

Ensuring the quality of occupational safety risk assessment.  

PubMed

In work environments, the main aim of occupational safety risk assessment (OSRA) is to improve the safety level of an installation or site by either preventing accidents and injuries or minimizing their consequences. To this end, it is of paramount importance to identify all sources of hazards and assess their potential to cause problems in the respective context. If the OSRA process is inadequate and/or not applied effectively, it results in an ineffective safety prevention program and inefficient use of resources. An appropriate OSRA is an essential component of the occupational safety risk management process in industries. In this article, we performed a survey to elicit the relative importance for identified OSRA tasks to enable an in-depth evaluation of the quality of risk assessments related to occupational safety aspects on industrial sites. The survey involved defining a questionnaire with the most important elements (tasks) for OSRA quality assessment, which was then presented to safety experts in the mining, electrical power production, transportation, and petrochemical industries. With this work, we expect to contribute to the main question of OSRA in industries: "What constitutes a good occupational safety risk assessment?" The results obtained from the questionnaire showed that experts agree with the proposed OSRA process decomposition in steps and tasks (taxonomy) and also with the importance of assigning weights to obtain knowledge about OSRA task relevance. The knowledge gained will enable us, in the near future, to build a framework to evaluate OSRA quality for industrial sites. PMID:23020531

Pinto, Abel; Ribeiro, Rita A; Nunes, Isabel L

2013-03-01

194

Occupational health problems among migrant and seasonal farm workers.  

PubMed Central

Migrant and seasonal farm workers are one of the most underserved and understudied populations in the United States. The total US population of such farm workers has been estimated at 5 million, of whom about 20% live or work in California. Farm workers perform strenuous tasks and are exposed to a wide variety of occupational risks and hazards. Low socioeconomic status and poor access to health care also contribute to existing health problems in this population. Potential farm work-related health problems include accidents, pesticide-related illnesses, musculoskeletal and soft-tissue disorders, dermatitis, noninfectious respiratory conditions, reproductive health problems, health problems of children of farm workers, climate-caused illnesses, communicable diseases, bladder and kidney disorders, and eye and ear problems. Few epidemiologic studies exist of these occupational health problems. No comprehensive epidemiologic studies have assessed the magnitude of occupational health problems among migrant and seasonal farm workers and their dependents. Although the migratory nature of this population makes long-term studies difficult, the development of standardized data collection instruments for health consequences and scientific assessment of farm work exposures and working conditions are vital to characterize and reduce the occupational health risks in farm workers.

Mobed, K; Gold, E B; Schenker, M B

1992-01-01

195

[Occupational risks among public safety and security forces].  

PubMed

The present paper tries to identify the occupational risk factors (physical, chemical, biological, psychological), variable depending on jobs and tasks, to which the heterogeneous public safety/security workers are exposed. The fight against criminality and public order maintenance imply (sometimes fatal) traumatic risks, and expose to psychophysical and sensorial tiring, unfavourable macro- and microclimatic conditions, the risk of baropathy (air navigation, underwater activities), noise (generated by firearms and several other sources), vibrations and shakings (automatic weapons, transport vehicles), the risk of electric injury, ionizing (X and gamma rays) and non-inonizing (ultraviolet rays, microwaves and radiofrequencies, electromagnetic fields) radiations. Chemical hazards include carbon monoxide and other combustion products (fires, urban traffic), substances released in chemical accidents, tear gases, lead (firing grounds, metal works, environmental pollution), solvents, lubrificants and cutting oils (mechanic repair and maintenance), laboratory materials and reagents, irritant and/or sensitizing agents contained in gloves. The main biological risks are tetanus, blood-borne diseases (viral hepatitis, AIDS), aerogenous diseases (e.g., tuberculosis, Legionnaire's disease, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis), dog- or horse-transmitted zoonosis. Finally, emotional, psychosomatic and behavioural stress-related disorders (e.g., burn-out syndrome, post-traumatic stress disorder) are typically frequent. The presence of numerous and diversified hazards among public safety/security forces imposes the adoption of occupational medicine measures, including risk assessment, health education, technical and environmental prevention, personal protective devices, sanitary surveillance and biological monitoring, clinical interventions (diagnosis, therapy and rehabilitation of occupational accidents and illnesses), prompt medico-legal evaluation of occupational-related compensation claims. PMID:16705889

Candura, S M; Verni, P; Minelli, C M; Rosso, G L; Cappelli, M I; Strambi, S; Martellosio, V

2006-01-01

196

[Etiology and prevention of pelvic injuries in traffic accidents].  

PubMed

With hospitalized traffic accident victimes fractures of the pelvis are not very frequent (4-10%). Fatal cases show a higher fracture incidence (20-25%). Pedestrains are with regard to pelvic fractures twice as frequently affected as other road users. Pedestrians over 60 years of age are most often involved. Modifications of the car front structure are expected to lead to significant improvements for the unprotected road user. Seat belts are capable of reducing pelvic fracture with car occupants only in certain frontal collisions. However, the geometry of the lap belt portion is of importance for the overall effectiveness of the belt system. PMID:489418

Walz, F; Hartmann, H

1979-08-01

197

The 2010 Ruth Zemke Lecture in Occupational Science Occupational Therapy\\/Occupational Science\\/Occupational Justice: Moral Commitments and Global Assemblages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty years have passed since occupational science was founded. It is time to reassess the relationship of occupational science to its roots in occupational therapy and also to reopen a discussion of some foundational assumptions. In particular, we need to situate the profession, occupational therapy, and the discipline, occupational science, in relation to the phenomenon of globalization. The internationalization of

Gelya Frank

2012-01-01

198

The 2010 Ruth Zemke Lecture in Occupational Science Occupational Therapy\\/Occupational Science\\/Occupational Justice: Moral Commitments and Global Assemblages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty years have passed since occupational science was founded. It is time to reassess the relationship of occupational science to its roots in occupational therapy and also to reopen a discussion of some foundational assumptions. In particular, we need to situate the profession, occupational therapy, and the discipline, occupational science, in relation to the phenomenon of globalization. The internationalization of

Gelya Frank

2011-01-01

199

Precision Machining Technologies. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), which is one of a series of OCAPs developed to identify the skills that Ohio employers deem necessary to entering a given occupation/occupational area, lists the occupational, academic, and employability skills required of individuals entering the occupation of precision machinist. The…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

200

Occupational allergies and asthma.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To review aspects of occupational allergies and asthma for primary care physicians recognizing, diagnosing, and managing patients with these conditions. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: Studies in the medical literature mainly provide level 2 evidence, that is, from at least one well-designed clinical trial without randomization, from cohort or case-control analytical studies, from multiple time series, or from dramatic results in uncontrolled experiments. MAIN MESSAGE: Occupational allergies and asthma have the best prognosis with an early, accurate diagnosis and subsequent avoidance of exposure to the relevant sensitizer. These diagnoses can normally be suspected from the clinical history. Primary care physicians can also initiate investigations to make an objective diagnosis, can assess workplace exposure agents from the history, and can review appropriate data sheets on material safety. Specialist evaluation is likely to be needed for skin tests, however, and for other specialized tests (such as pulmonary function assessments at work and off work or specific challenges with the suspected workplace agent). Patients with a confirmed diagnosis need appropriate medical management of their allergic manifestations or asthma, but also often require psychosocial support during the period of investigation and management, especially in relation to required changes in their work and to compensation or insurance claims. CONCLUSIONS: Consider workplace exposure as a source of patients' allergies or asthma and aim to make an early, accurate diagnosis.

Tarlo, S. M.

1999-01-01

201

Environmental and occupational allergies.  

PubMed

Airborne allergens are the major cause of allergic rhinitis and asthma. Daily exposure comes from indoor sources, chiefly at home but occasionally at schools or offices. Seasonal exposure to outdoor allergens, pollens, and molds is another important source. Exposure to unusual substances at work causes occupational asthma, accounting for about 5% of asthma in adults. Indoor and outdoor air pollutants trigger airway inflammation and increase the severity of asthma. Diesel exhaust particles increase the production of IgE antibodies. Identification and reduction of exposure to allergens is a very important part of the management of respiratory allergic diseases. The first section of this chapter discusses domestic allergens, arthropods (mites and cockroaches), molds, and mammals (pets and mice). Indoor humidity and water damage are important factors in the production of mite and mold allergens, and discarded human food items are important sources of proliferation of cockroaches and mice. Means of identifying and reducing exposure are presented. The second section discusses outdoor allergens: pollens and molds. The particular plants or molds and the amount of exposure to these allergens is determined by the local climate, and local pollen and mold counts are available to determine the time and amount of exposure. Climate change is already having an important effect on the distribution and amount of outdoor allergens. The third section discusses indoor and outdoor air pollution and methods that individuals can take to reduce indoor pollution in addition to eliminating cigarette smoking. The fourth section discusses the diagnosis and management of occupational asthma. PMID:20176257

Peden, David; Reed, Charles E

2010-02-01

202

Health Occupations Module. Communication in Health Occupations--II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on communication in health occupations is one of eight modules designed for individualized instruction in health occupations education programs at both the secondary and postsecondary levels. This module contains an introduction to the module topic and one learning experience. The learning experience contains six activities (e.g., read…

Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA. Div. of Vocational Education.

203

An Exploration of the Role of Occupation in School-Based Occupational Therapy Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the role of occupation in school-based occupational therapy practice. The research questions were (1) How do school-based occupational therapists describe the role of occupation during intervention? (2) Which theories of occupation do school-based occupational therapists associate with their own practice?…

Benson, Jeryl DiSanti

2010-01-01

204

Impact of the accident at the Three Mile Island on the behavior and well-being of nuclear workers. Part II. Job tension, psychophysiological symptoms, and indices of distress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three Mile Island (TMI) workers experienced much greater job tension and lower occupational self-esteem (supervisors only) in comparison with workers interviewed at the Peach Bottom Plant. At the time of the accident, TMI workers reported experiencing more periods of anger, extreme worrry and extreme upset, and more psychophysiological symptoms. Six months after the accident, some persistence of these feelings and

S. V. Kasl; R. F. Chisholm; B. Eskenazi

1981-01-01

205

Occupational respiratory disease in mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review is based on research-based literature on occupational lung disease in the mining and related industries, focusing on conditions of public health importance arising from asbestos, coal and silica exposure. Both 'traditional' and 'new' concerns about occupational respiratory disease in miners are addressed, with the inclusion of practical evidence-based findings relevant to practitioners working in developed and developing countries.

M. H. Ross

2004-01-01

206

Electronics. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

207

NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY (NOES)  

EPA Science Inventory

From 1981 to 1983, NIOSH conducted the National Occupational Exposure Survey (NOES) that collected data on potential occupational exposures to chemical, physical, and biological agents. The survey involved on-site visits to 4,490 establishments in 522 industry types [OMB 1972] em...

208

CAREER GUIDE FOR DEMAND OCCUPATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PUBLICATION UPDATES THE "CAREER GUIDE FOR DEMAND OCCUPATIONS" PUBLISHED IN 1959 AND PROVIDES COUNSELORS WITH INFORMATION ABOUT OCCUPATIONS IN DEMAND IN MANY AREAS WHICH REQUIRE PREEMPLOYMENT TRAINING. IT PRESENTS, IN COLUMN FORM, THE EDUCATION AND OTHER TRAINING USUALLY REQUIRED BY EMPLOYERS, HIGH SCHOOL SUBJECTS OF PARTICULAR PERTINENCE TO…

LEE, E.R.; WELCH, JOHN L.

209

Guide to Local Occupational Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed from selected studies made by State Employment Services, this directory provides current local occupational information for use in designing training programs, for counseling in public employment offices and schools, and for individual jobseekers and vocational counselors. Three sections are devoted to occupational guides listed by…

Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. U.S. Training and Employment Service.

210

Occupational therapy for multiple sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are referred to occupational therapy with complaints about fatigue, limb weakness, alteration of upper extremity fine motor coordination, loss of sensation and spasticity that causes limitations in performance of activities of daily living and social participation. The primary purpose of occupational therapy is to enable individuals to participate in self-care, work and leisure activities that

E. M. J. Steultjens; J. Dekker; L. M. Bouter; M. Cardol; J. C. M. van de Nes; C. H. M. van den Ende

2003-01-01

211

Pediatric Occupational Therapy in Austria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational therapy for children and their parents\\/caregivers has similar foci internationally. However, there are differences in service provision for pediatric clients depending on the health care system, education system, and professional developments in response to the political, social, and demographic context. “Think global, act local,” an essential statement also promoted by the World Federation of Occupational Therapists, may be a

Ursula Costa; Erna Schönthaler

2011-01-01

212

A Model for Occupational Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model for occupational therapy, presented in this paper, is an elaboration on the biopsychosocial model outlined by the author in 1974. The conceptualization of this model is an attempt to provide a holistic approach to the philosophical and scientific foundation of the practice of occupational therapy. The structure of a model for the health profession is suggested, followed by

Anne Cronin Mosey

1980-01-01

213

NATIONAL TRAUMATIC OCCUPATIONAL FATALITIES (NTOF)  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) surveillance system is a death certificate-based census of occupational injury deaths. Death certificates are obtained from the 50 States, New York City, and the District of Columbia for decedent's ages 16 years or older with ...

214

Occupational stress and behavioral change.  

PubMed

For 25 secretaries employed at Laurentian University, scores on the MMPI Depression Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Questionnaire, Self-esteem Inventory, Jenkins Activity Survey, and Occupational Stress Questionnaires showed no significant change in behavior associated with occupational stress. Characteristics 'hard-driving' and 'speed-impatience' were predictors of Type A behavior. PMID:3627929

MacMillan, J S; Valliant, P M

1987-06-01

215

Occupational Therapist Assistants and Aides  

MedlinePLUS

... They include classroom instruction in subjects such as psychology, biology, and pediatric health. Occupational therapy assistants also must complete at least 16 weeks of fieldwork as part of their education to gain hands-on work experience. Occupational therapy aides typically have a high ...

216

Business Financial Occupations: Skill Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report organizes the information provided by 71 individuals in finance-related occupations in 11 states into skills inventories for persons in these jobs. The skills inventories contain the following sections: (1) occupation-specific knowledge (communication, mathematics, science); (2) workplace behaviors (work ethics, interpersonal…

Vocational Technical Education Consortium of States, Decatur, GA.

217

First Responders and Criticality Accidents  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear criticality accident descriptions typically include, but do not focus on, information useful to first responders. We studied these accidents, noting characteristics to help (1) first responders prepare for such an event and (2) emergency drill planners develop appropriate simulations for training. We also provide recommendations to help people prepare for such events in the future.

Valerie L. Putman; Douglas M. Minnema

2005-11-01

218

Deterministic accident analysis for RBMK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the framework of an European Commission sponsored activity, an assessment of the deterministic safety technology of the ‘post-Chernobyl modernized’ Reactor Bolshoy Moshchnosty Kipyashiy (RBMK) has been completed. The accident analysis, limited to the area of Design Basis Accident, constituted the key subject for the study; events not including the primary circuit were not considered, as well as events originated

F. D’Auria; B. Gabaraev; S. Soloviev; O. Novoselsky; A. Moskalev; E. Uspuras; G. M. Galassi; C. Parisi; A. Petrov; V. Radkevich; L. Parafilo; D. Kryuchkov

2008-01-01

219

TMI2 accident evaluation program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report establishes the basis and scope of work for the Three Mile Island Unit No. 2 (TMI-2) Accident Evaluation Program sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE). The current understanding of the TMI-2 accident is reviewed, with emphasis on the end-state distribution of important radioisotopes and the progression of core damage leading to gross core failure and fuel migration

E. L. Tolman; J. M. Broughton; R. K. McCardell; S. Langer; R. R. Hobbins; W. F. Domenico; P. R. Davis

1986-01-01

220

German aircraft accident statistics, 1930  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The investigation of all serious accidents, involving technical defects in the airplane or engine, is undertaken by the D.V.L. in conjunction with the imperial traffic minister and other interested parties. All accidents not clearly explained in the reports are subsequently cleared up.

Weitzmann, Ludwig

1932-01-01

221

An analysis of the risk in the French sea fishing industry. Example of the dockside accident risk.  

PubMed

In many maritime countries, the work of sea fishermen is one of the most hazardous of occupations. The number of accidents is much greater than in other occupations on land or at sea, and the accidents themselves are often more serious. When considering the risks and hazards of fishing, one initially thinks of major risks like collisions or vessels running aground, as well as the work related injuries which are mainly caused by the fishing equipment (otter boards, ropes) and by the motions of the vessel. These accidents and, in a more general sense, the dangers met by fishermen at sea have already been studied. But little research has been undertaken on the problem of accidents of fishermen while the vessel is in port; and in France, these accidents account for about 30 % of all registered injuries for the sea fishing industry. The presented report takes a look at this category of accidents, on the basis of data on 5074 accidents registered between 1996 and 2005. An examination of statistics therefore points to certain types of risks and dangerous situations, but it also leaves a number of questions pending. One of these is the number of "unknown" causes. Falls, in particular, are usually linked to an outside factor which is not listed on the form the sailors must fill out. To compensate for the limitations of the epidemiological analysis, on-site observation seemed to be the best way of understanding the risks of the activities of fishermen in the port. PMID:17312699

Le bouar, Gilbert; Chauvin, Christine

2006-01-01

222

49 CFR 801.32 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Accident Investigation Records § 801.32 Accident reports. (a) The...S. civil transportation accidents, in accordance with 49...inspection in the NTSB's public reference room and/or on the...

2010-10-01

223

22 CFR 102.8 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...be expected to report the accident to the Foreign Service...Aeronautics Administration, any accident occurring to a scheduled...and have on file for ready reference, the address and telephone...promptly to the Department accidents to any United...

2009-04-01

224

22 CFR 102.8 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...be expected to report the accident to the Foreign Service...Aeronautics Administration, any accident occurring to a scheduled...and have on file for ready reference, the address and telephone...promptly to the Department accidents to any United...

2010-04-01

225

49 CFR 801.32 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Accident Investigation Records § 801.32 Accident reports. (a) The...S. civil transportation accidents, in accordance with 49...inspection in the NTSB's public reference room and/or on the...

2009-10-01

226

Probability of spent fuel transportation accidents  

SciTech Connect

The transported volume of spent fuel, incident/accident experience and accident environment probabilities were reviewed in order to provide an estimate of spent fuel accident probabilities. In particular, the accident review assessed the accident experience for large casks of the type that could transport spent (irradiated) nuclear fuel. This review determined that since 1971, the beginning of official US Department of Transportation record keeping for accidents/incidents, there has been one spent fuel transportation accident. This information, coupled with estimated annual shipping volumes for spent fuel, indicated an estimated annual probability of a spent fuel transport accident of 5 x 10/sup -7/ spent fuel accidents per mile. This is consistent with ordinary truck accident rates. A comparison of accident environments and regulatory test environments suggests that the probability of truck accidents exceeding regulatory test for impact is approximately 10/sup -9//mile.

McClure, J. D.

1981-07-01

227

Achieving Quality in Occupational Health  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The conference convened approximately 100 registered participants of invited guest speakers, NASA presenters, and a broad spectrum of the Occupational Health disciplines representing NASA Headquarters and all NASA Field Centers. Centered on the theme, "Achieving Quality in Occupational Health," conferees heard presentations from award winning occupational health program professionals within the Agency and from private industry; updates on ISO 9000 status, quality assurance, and information technologies; workshops on ergonomics and respiratory protection; an overview from the newly commissioned NASA Occupational Health Assessment Team; and a keynote speech on improving women's health. In addition, NASA occupational health specialists presented 24 poster sessions and oral deliveries on various aspects of current practice at their field centers.

O'Donnell, Michele (Editor); Hoffler, G. Wyckliffe (Editor)

1997-01-01

228

Gender, Occupation and Earnings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a Problems in American Institutions class for undergraduate students. This activity explores impacts of gender on occupation and earnings in the United States. This activity uses a customized data set made from the 2000 Census. It provides students with data tables to analyze. There are two handouts to introduce second module used in class: Hand-out 1 is given at beginning of class; students discuss tables and write brief summaries -entire class period spent teaching how to talk and write about findings; develop idea of control variable. Hand-out 2 is passed out at end of class. Students are asked to review write-up following day, given a quiz asking them to describe set of tables; module distributed afterward.

Bouma, Jill

229

Occupational cyanide poisoning  

PubMed Central

Cyanide poisoning has existed for centuries. In most cases, cyanide is combined with other toxic substances; for example with carbon monoxide in fire smoke. Cases of pure cyanide poisoning are rare, and usually due to accidental exposure. Their treatment is based on oxygenation and the infusion of hydroxocobalamin. The seriousness of this type of poisoning calls for a rapid and specific response, which demonstrates the usefulness of non-hospital based medical treatment. The authors report here the case of a man who was the victim of occupational poisoning with sodium cyanide and who was treated at the workplace by fire-fighters and the Service Mobile d’Urgence et Reanimation emergency ambulance service.

Amizet, Loic; Pruvot, Gauthier; Remy, Sophie; Kfoury, Michel

2011-01-01

230

Occupational ergonomics in space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ergonomics is often defined simply as the study of work. Related or synonymous terms include human factors, human engineering, engineering psychology, and others. Occupational ergonomics is a term that has been proposed to describe the study of the working environment, including the physical consequences resulting from having an improperly designed workplace. The routine space working environment presents some problems not found in the typical Earthbound workplace. These include radiation, intravehicular contamination/pollution, temperature extremes, impact with other objects, limited psychosocial relationships, sensory deprivation, and reduced gravity. These are important workplace considerations, and may affect astronauts either directly at work or at some point during their life as a result of their work under these conditions. Some of the major issues associated with each of these hazards are presented.

Stramler, J.

1992-01-01

231

[Traffic accidents in alcoholic intoxication].  

PubMed

A study of group comprising all road accidents caused by drivers of private cars who were under the influence of alcohol (BAC > = 0.3 g/kg; X = 1.56 +/- 0.62 g/kg) that occurred in a defined area over the span of one calendar year (n = 625) was compared with a randomly selected control group of 718 road accidents in which the drivers had not been under the influence of alcohol. The drivers in the study group were marginally younger than the ones in the control group. However, there was no evidence of an alcohol related increase in the risk of an accident associated with younger age. The sex ratio in the study group corresponded to that, generally found amongst people driving under the influence of alcohol. In the study group there was no evidence of a restricted manner and extent of car use, based on the distances between the sites of the accidents and the offenders' homes. However, the proportion of accidents occurring out of towns was greater in the study group. Alcohol associated accidents occurred more frequently in the evenings and at night, which reflects habitual drinking patterns. Therefore these accidents occurred mainly in darkness and twilight. Surprisingly, unfavorable weather conditions such as rain or ice did not lead to an increase in accidents due to alcohol. In fact, in the study group, proportionally fewer accidents occurred on icy roads. Both injury to persons and damage to property were more severe in the study group. While no relationship between accident severity and blood alcohol concentration could be proven within the study group, the risk of death or severe injury was 3 to 4 times greater in this group than in the control group. PMID:8679133

Erath, D; Haffner, H T

1996-03-01

232

Analysis of traffic accidents on rural highways using Latent Class Clustering and Bayesian Networks.  

PubMed

One of the principal objectives of traffic accident analyses is to identify key factors that affect the severity of an accident. However, with the presence of heterogeneity in the raw data used, the analysis of traffic accidents becomes difficult. In this paper, Latent Class Cluster (LCC) is used as a preliminary tool for segmentation of 3229 accidents on rural highways in Granada (Spain) between 2005 and 2008. Next, Bayesian Networks (BNs) are used to identify the main factors involved in accident severity for both, the entire database (EDB) and the clusters previously obtained by LCC. The results of these cluster-based analyses are compared with the results of a full-data analysis. The results show that the combined use of both techniques is very interesting as it reveals further information that would not have been obtained without prior segmentation of the data. BN inference is used to obtain the variables that best identify accidents with killed or seriously injured. Accident type and sight distance have been identify in all the cases analysed; other variables such as time, occupant involved or age are identified in EDB and only in one cluster; whereas variables vehicles involved, number of injuries, atmospheric factors, pavement markings and pavement width are identified only in one cluster. PMID:23182777

de Oña, Juan; López, Griselda; Mujalli, Randa; Calvo, Francisco J

2013-03-01

233

[The radiation accident].  

PubMed

The reactor accident of Chernobyl in April 1986 has shown us all the dangers which are inherent ever in the peaceful use of atomic energy. The effects of exposure to ionizing radiation are dependent on biological effectiveness, on dose, on duration of exposure and on the age of the exposed person (the younger the graver). Acute ionizing radiation of the whole body leads to radiation disease or radiation syndrome of different stages of severity according to dosage. If the patient survives other consequences of ionizing radiation may arise: non-stochastic effects such as cataracts, keloid formation, fibrosis of the lungs and infertility) and stochastic effects (oncogenesis and mutagenesis). The sensitivity to ionizing radiation is especially high in childhood because of the high velocity of cell metabolism and cell growth, the large body-surface area and because their repair mechanism following radiation damage is not yet. PMID:3188527

Stögmann, W

1988-08-26

234

Occupation and multiple myeloma: an occupation and industry analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable plasma cell malignancy with a poorly understood etiology. The purpose of our research was to examine relationships between lifetime occupations and MM in a relatively large case-control study. Methods MM cases (n=180) were identified through cancer registries in the Seattle-Puget Sound area and Detroit. Population-based controls (n=481) were identified using random digit dialing and Medicare and Medicaid Services files. In-person interviews were conducted to ascertain occupational histories. Standard occupational classification (SOC) and standard industrial classification (SIC) codes were assigned to each job held by each participant. Unconditional logistic regression was used to generate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for associations between MM and having ever worked in each occupation/industry and according to duration of employment in an occupation/industry. Results The risk of MM was associated with several manufacturing occupations and industries, including machine operators and tenders, not elsewhere classified (SOC 76) (OR=1.8, CI=1.0–3.3); textile, apparel, and furnishing machine operators and tenders (SOC 765) (OR=6.0, CI=1.7–21); and machinery manufacturing, except electrical (SIC 35) (OR=3.3, CI=1.7–6.7). Several service occupations and industries, such as food and beverage preparation (SOC 521) (OR=2.0, CI=1.1–3.8), were also associated with MM. One occupation that has been associated with MM in several previous studies, painters, paperhangers, and plasterers (SOC 644), was associated with a non–significantly elevated risk (OR=3.6, CI=0.7–19). Conclusions We found associations between the risk of MM and employment in several manufacturing and service-related occupations and industries.

Gold, Laura S; Milliken, Kevin; Stewart, Patricia; Purdue, Mark; Severson, Richard; Seixas, Noah; Blair, Aaron; Davis, Scott; Hartge, Patricia; De Roos, Anneclaire J

2011-01-01

235

Occupational seafood allergy: a review  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND—Recent years have seen increased levels of production and consumption of seafood, leading to more frequent reporting of allergic reactions in occupational and domestic settings. This review focuses on occupational allergy in the fishing and seafood processing industry.?REVIEW—Workers involved in either manual or automated processing of crabs, prawns, mussels, fish, and fishmeal production are commonly exposed to various constituents of seafood. Aerosolisation of seafood and cooking fluid during processing are potential occupational situations that could result in sensitisation through inhalation. There is great variability of aerosol exposure within and among various jobs with reported allergen concentrations ranging from 0.001 to 5.061(µg/m3). Occupational dermal exposure occurs as a result of unprotected handling of seafood and its byproducts. Occupational allergies have been reported in workers exposed to arthropods (crustaceans), molluscs, pisces (bony fish) and other agents derived from seafood. The prevalence of occupational asthma ranges from 7% to 36%, and for occupational protein contact dermatitis, from 3% to 11%. These health outcomes are mainly due to high molecular weight proteins in seafood causing an IgE mediated response. Cross reactivity between various species within a major seafood grouping also occurs. Limited evidence from dose-response relations indicate that development of symptoms is related to duration or intensity of exposure. The evidence for atopy as a risk factor for occupational sensitisation and asthma is supportive, whereas evidence for cigarette smoking is limited. Disruption of the intact skin barrier seems to be an important added risk factor for occupational protein contact dermatitis.?CONCLUSION—The range of allergic disease associated with occupational exposure to crab is well characterised, whereas for other seafood agents the evidence is somewhat limited. There is a need for further epidemiological studies to better characterise this risk. More detailed characterisation of specific protein antigens in aerosols and associated establishment of dose-response relations for acute and chronic exposure to seafood; the respective roles of skin contact and inhalational exposure in allergic sensitisation and cross reactivity; and the contribution of host associated factors in the development of occupational seafood allergies are important areas for future research.???Keywords: occupational seafood allergy; occupational asthma; protein contact dermatitis

Jeebhay, M; Robins, T; Lehrer, S; Lopata, A

2001-01-01

236

[The concept of risk and its symbolic effects in accidents with sharp instruments].  

PubMed

The study aims to understand the occupational risks as symbolic processes that shapes the daily activities of health professionals that manipulate sharps objects. Descriptive research was conducted at a university hospital, with information collected through the survey on the accidents at work in Intensive Care and hospital laundry, with the application of 105 questionnaires. The information was analyzed through an interdisciplinary perspective, and enabled the conciliation of quantitative and qualitative analysis. The results revealed that although the number of accidents is low, it is still necessary to improve the instruments such as the risk map, the use of safety equipment and staff training. PMID:23338586

Silva, Everaldo José da; Lima, Maria da Glória; Marziale, Maria Helena Palucci

2012-01-01

237

Chemical accident prevention under the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990  

SciTech Connect

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 enacted recently contain provisions for the prevention of chemical accidents under Title III-Hazardous Air Pollutants. Some of these provisions include: a general duty clause, preparation of a list of substances and thresholds, requirements for the preparation of risk management plans by industry, specific accident prevention regulations, establishment of a Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board, and requirements for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to promulgate a process safety management standard. These provisions, approaches with respect to process safety management by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and coordination with OSHA are discussed.

Matthiessen, R.C. (Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States))

1992-04-01

238

Statistical adjustment for misclassification of seat belt and alcohol use in the analysis of motor vehicle accident data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of seat belts and alcohol is often misreported in police motor vehicle accident reports for a number of reasons. To avoid penalties, occupants often over report seat belt use and under report alcohol use. Police officers sometimes fail to account for evidence such as presence of belt burn, condition of belts, odor of alcohol, crash patterns, etc. Biased

Haifeng Guo; Kent M. Eskridge; Daniel Christensen; Ming Qu; Thomas Safranek

2007-01-01

239

Cognitive Processing Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Secondary to a Motor Vehicle Accident: A Single-Subject Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) are fairly common occurrences in all developed countries. Although only a small percentage of total MVAs result in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the high base rate in the population has resulted in the estimation that MVAs are the leading cause of PTSD in the United States. Occupations that require…

Galovski, Tara E.; Resick, Patricia A.

2008-01-01

240

Occupational neurological disorders in Korea.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article was to provide a literature review of occupational neurological disorders and related research in Korea, focusing on chemical hazards. We reviewed occupational neurological disorders investigated by the Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute of Korean Occupational Safety and Health Agency between 1992 and 2009, categorizing them as neurological disorders of the central nervous system (CNS), of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) or as neurodegenerative disorders. We also examined peer-reviewed journal articles related to neurotoxicology, published from 1984 to 2009. Outbreaks of occupational neurological disorder of the CNS due to inorganic mercury and carbon disulfide poisoning had helped prompt the development of the occupational safety and health system of Korea. Other major neurological disorders of the CNS included methyl bromide intoxication and chronic toxic encephalopathy. Most of the PNS disorders were n-hexane-induced peripheral neuritis, reported from the electronics industry. Reports of manganese-induced Parkinsonism resulted in the introduction of neuroimaging techniques to occupational medicine. Since the late 1990s, the direction of research has been moving toward degenerative disorder and early effect of neurotoxicity. To understand the early effects of neurotoxic chemicals in the preclinical stage, more follow-up studies of a longer duration are necessary. PMID:21258587

Kim, Eun-A; Kang, Seong-Kyu

2010-12-01

241

Occupation Finding for Placement Using the Dictionary of Occupational Titles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a guidebook designed to aid placement personnel in using the dictionary of occupational titles (DOT) (Department of Labor, 1965), to place rehabilitation clients in positions in local industries. The dictionary is described, and a five-step...

T. A. Korn

1975-01-01

242

A review of criticality accidents  

SciTech Connect

Criticality accidents and the characteristics of prompt power excursions are discussed. Forty-one accidental power transients are reviewed. In each case where available, enough detail is given to help visualize the physical situation, the cause or causes of the accident, the history and characteristics of the transient, the energy release, and the consequences, if any, to personnel and property. Excursions associated with large power reactors are not included in this study, except that some information on the major accident at the Chernobyl reactor in April 1986 is provided in the Appendix. 67 refs., 21 figs., 2 tabs.

Stratton, W R; Smith, D R

1989-03-01

243

Industrial accidents triggered by flood events: analysis of past accidents.  

PubMed

Industrial accidents triggered by natural events (NaTech accidents) are a significant category of industrial accidents. Several specific elements that characterize NaTech events still need to be investigated. In particular, the damage mode of equipment and the specific final scenarios that may take place in NaTech accidents are key elements for the assessment of hazard and risk due to these events. In the present study, data on 272 NaTech events triggered by floods were retrieved from some of the major industrial accident databases. Data on final scenarios highlighted the presence of specific events, as those due to substances reacting with water, and the importance of scenarios involving consequences for the environment. This is mainly due to the contamination of floodwater with the hazardous substances released. The analysis of process equipment damage modes allowed the identification of the expected release extents due to different water impact types during floods. The results obtained were used to generate substance-specific event trees for the quantitative assessment of the consequences of accidents triggered by floods. PMID:19913354

Cozzani, Valerio; Campedel, Michela; Renni, Elisabetta; Krausmann, Elisabeth

2010-03-15

244

A discussion of occupational health and safety management for the catering industry in China.  

PubMed

The catering industry is developing rapidly in China. Statistics in 2002 indicated that there were over 3.5 million dining places in China, hiring over 18 million people. However, the accident rate was high. Occupational health and safety (OHS) has to be watched more carefully. It is proposed to develop an OHS management system for the catering industry and to integrate it with an ongoing management system by referring to OHSAS 18001:1999. The first step is risk identification and evaluating the major factors concerned by referring to the codes in China, the list of occupational diseases, operation rules, requirements of the law, and records of past incidents. The technological aspect has to be considered in working out the safety strategies. This includes technical measures in accident prevention at the workplace. The kitchen is the main area to be focused on. Methods for hazard identification and risk assessment of dangerous factors in kitchens are proposed in this paper. PMID:17888241

Qiang, Chen; Chow, Wan Ki

2007-01-01

245

[Sleep-disordered breathing and occupational medicine: considerations on three clinical cases].  

PubMed

Three subjects suffering from sleep-disordered breathing are described. Two of them (a 37-year-old lorry driver with obstructive sleep apnea, and a 47-year-old bricklayer with upper airway resistance syndrome) had suffered several accidents at work in few months, due to daytime sleepiness. The third patient (45-year-old) had developed (central and obstructive) sleep apnea after having been exposed to organic solvents for 15 years as a painter. In all the three subjects, polysomnography led to correct diagnosis, and nocturnal ventilotherapy with nasal CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) considerably improved the clinical picture. The cases presented illustrate the twofold interest of sleep-disordered breathing for Occupational Medicine: on the one hand, these syndromes may reduce job performance and increase the accident risk; on the other hand, they may recognize as a risk factor the occupational exposure to solvents. PMID:15134397

Rosso, G L; Barbarito, N; Lupi, S; Candura, S M

2004-01-01

246

Occupational exposure to manganese.  

PubMed Central

The relationship between the degree of exposure and biological effects of manganese was studied in a group of 369 workers employed in the production of ferroalloys. Two other groups of workers, from an electrode plant and from an aluminium rolling mill, served as controls. Mean manganese concentrations at work places where ferroalloys were produced varied from 0-301 to 20-442 mg/m3. The exposure level of the two control groups was from 2 to 30 microgram/m3 and from 0-05 to 0-07 microgram/m3, in the electrode plant and rolling mill respectively. Sixty-two (16-8%) manganese alloy workers showed some signs of neurological impairment. These signs were noticeably less in the two control groups (5-8% and 0%) than in the occupationally exposed group. Subjective symptoms, which are nonspecific but may be symptoms of subclinical manganism, were not markedly different in the three groups. However, in the manganese alloy workers some of the subjective symptoms occurred more frequently in heavier smokers than in light smokers or nonsmokers. Heavier smokers engaged in manganese alloy production showed some of the subjective symptoms more often than heavier smokers from the control groups.

Saric, M; Markicevic, A; Hrustic, O

1977-01-01

247

Job stress, mental health, and accidents among offshore workers in the oil and gas extraction industries.  

PubMed

Psychosocial and occupational stressors among 194 male employees on drilling rig and production platform installations in the United Kingdom and Dutch sectors of the North Sea were studied. Mental well-being and job satisfaction were also assessed, with attention to the incidence of accidents offshore. This occupational group were found to be much less satisfied with their jobs than their onshore counterparts. Although overall mental well-being compared favorably with that of the general population, levels of anxiety were significantly higher. Multivariate analysis showed "relationships at work and at home" to be a strong predictor of both job dissatisfaction and mental ill-health. Type A coronary-prone behavior was also found to be a significant predictor of reduced mental well-being and increased accident rates offshore. PMID:3819891

Cooper, C L; Sutherland, V J

1987-02-01

248

[News on occupational contact dermatitis].  

PubMed

Contact dermatitis--irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis and protein contact dermatitis--are the most common occupational skin diseases, most often localized to the hands. Contact urticaria is rarer The main occupational irritants are wet work, detergents and disinfectants, cutting oils, and solvents. The main occupational allergens are rubber additives, metals (chromium, nickel, cobalt), plastics (epoxy resins, acrylic), biocides and plants. Diagnosis is based on clinical examination, medical history and allergy testing. For a number of irritating or sensitizing agents, irritant or allergic dermatitis can be notified as occupational diseases. The two main prevention measures are reducing skin contact with irritants and complete avoidance of skin contact with offending allergens. PMID:24851370

Crépy, Marie-Noëlle; Bensefa-Colas, Lynda

2014-03-01

249

Occupational Safety and Health Administration  

MedlinePLUS

... RSS Feeds OSHA Newsletter RSS Feeds Occupational Safety & Health Administration We Can Help What's New | Offices Home ... Publications Harwood Grant Publications Recordkeeping Forms Assistance Safety/Health Topics Pages Small Business Speeches State Programs Temporary ...

250

[Health inequalities and occupational health].  

PubMed

There has been an emergent issue of health inequalities in Japan. Tackling health inequalities has been put on the primary agenda in the revised national health promotion campaign, so called "Kenko-Nippon-21"(Healthy Japan 21), which was announced in 2012. Against the background of this social movement, the present article argues how occupational health can contribute to health inequality issue based on the knowledge of public health and social epidemiology.Firstly, we reviewed a brief sketch of health inequality at occupational settings including position, job, and employment status. Secondly, we de scribed a conceptual model of a causal pathway of occupational class and health, based on the idea of life-course approach, and models such as cumulative model, trigger model and latent effect/sensitive period model. Finally, we proposed that health impact assessment as a tool to mitigate health inequality related to occupational policy. PMID:24107352

Fujino, Yoshihisa; Kubo, Tatsuhiko; Matsuda, Shinya

2013-10-01

251

[Occupational factors in spontaneous abortion].  

PubMed

Occupational factors in spontaneous abortions are reviewed and discussed in terms of difficult working conditions (physical and psychological strains) and exposition to noxious agents in women and men. The discussion was based upon clinical, epidemiological and biological studies. The results showed elevated abortion risks in different occupational groups. Risk factors for both partners were hard physical work, psychological and socio-economic stress, some chemicals, metals and pharmacological products. Animal studies demonstrated time- and dose-dependent effects on embryonic and fetal development as well as accumulation and potentiation of teratogenic agents. Chronic and multifactorial occupational effects seem to be very important and need further occupational effects seem to be very important and need further study. PMID:2194385

Läpple, M

1990-01-01

252

Occupational cancer in developed countries  

PubMed Central

Abstract Studies of occupational exposures have made major contributions to our understanding of human carcinogenesis. About one third of the factors identified as definite or probable human carcinogens were first investigated in the workplace and these exposures exact a considerable toll on working populations. There are many additional workplace exposures that are suspect carcinogens that require further evaluation to ensure a safe work environment. Information from occupational investigations is also relevant to the general population because many occupational exposures can be found outside the workplace. Much of our understanding about occupational cancer has been obtained from studies largely composed of white men in developed countries. The movement of industry from developed to developing countries underscores the need for future investigations to include more diverse populations.

2011-01-01

253

Teaching Occupational Health to Physicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive training program is described that prepares students to identify and prevent occupational disease, emphasizing public health. Content areas include epidemiology and biostatistics, toxicology, industrial hygiene, safety and ergonomics, policy issues, administration, and clinical aspects. (Author/LBH)

Wegman, David H.; And Others

1978-01-01

254

Occupational cancer: experience in Ontario.  

PubMed Central

This paper reviews the experience of the Workmen's Compensation Board of Ontario in identifying cases of cancer that could be attributed to occupational hazards. Worker's claims for compensation are allowed if there is reasonable medical evidence that their cancer was caused by exposure to risk factors associated with their occupation. Details of the types of cancer associated with specific carcinogens or fields of employment are discussed. About 50% of the cases were related to exposure in particular industrial operations that functioned for relatively brief periods. The number of deaths from cancer identified as being caused by occupational factors is compared with the total for cancer from all causes in Ontario during the period 1971 through 1975. Although all workers eligible for compensation may not have been identified, the data suggest that less than 1% of cancer is presently caused by occupational factors.

Chovil, A. C.; McCracken, W. J.; Dowd, E. C.; Stewart, C.; Burton, D. F.; Dyer, D. W.

1981-01-01

255

Occupations: 2000. Census 2000 Brief.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is part of a series that presents population and housing data collected by Census 2000, and highlights the occupations of American workers in 2000 for the United States, regions, states, metropolitan areas, and counties. Because of the importa...

P. Fronczek P. Johnson

2003-01-01

256

Occupational medicine as a specialty.  

PubMed Central

Occupational medicine is one of the more recently accepted specialties and is best defined by the social context in which it is practiced. The current structure of the specialty is more easily understood in the light of its historical background. Occupational medicine brings together knowledge from a wide spectrum of disciplines which is reflected in its academic and research bases. A great variety of activities and environments are covered and this has posed problems in defining and organizing higher specialist training. Occupational considerations impact on almost every aspect of medical practice and there is a need for wider understanding of occupational medicine principles in the profession as a whole both in this country and abroad.

Slattery, D. A.

1989-01-01

257

The Occupational Socialization of Policemen.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the occupational socialization of policemen, ie., the impact of their work experiences on their orientations. Characteristics, attitudes, and behaviors which are typical of policemen have us...

I. Hadar

1976-01-01

258

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2013-10-01

259

Aircraft accidents : method of analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report on a method of analysis of aircraft accidents has been prepared by a special committee on the nomenclature, subdivision, and classification of aircraft accidents organized by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics in response to a request dated February 18, 1928, from the Air Coordination Committee consisting of the Assistant Secretaries for Aeronautics in the Departments of War, Navy, and Commerce. The work was undertaken in recognition of the difficulty of drawing correct conclusions from efforts to analyze and compare reports of aircraft accidents prepared by different organizations using different classifications and definitions. The air coordination committee's request was made "in order that practices used may henceforth conform to a standard and be universally comparable." the purpose of the special committee therefore was to prepare a basis for the classification and comparison of aircraft accidents, both civil and military. (author)

1929-01-01

260

TMI-2 accident evaluation program  

SciTech Connect

This report establishes the basis and scope of work for the Three Mile Island Unit No. 2 (TMI-2) Accident Evaluation Program sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE). The current understanding of the TMI-2 accident is reviewed, with emphasis on the end-state distribution of important radioisotopes and the progression of core damage leading to gross core failure and fuel migration into the lower plenum regions of the reactor vessel. Unresolved technical issues related to core damage progression and fission product behavior in hypothesized reactor accidents are identified. The role of TMI-2 accident research in addressing these unresolved issues is developed and discussed. Data needs from TMI-2 and supporting analysis requirements to interpret the data are identified that will improve our understanding of the important physical processes and parameters controlling core damage progression and the resulting fission product behavior. 48 refs.

Tolman, E.L.; Broughton, J.M.; McCardell, R.K.; Langer, S.; Hobbins, R.R.; Domenico, W.F.; Davis, P.R.

1986-02-01

261

The TMI2 accident evaluation program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accident at the Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) reactor, now 10 years old, remains as the United States' worst commercial nuclear reactor accident. Although the consequences of the accident were restricted primarily to the plant itself, the potential consequences of the accident, should it have progressed further, are large enough to warrant close scrutiny of all aspects of

D. J. Osetek; J. M. Broughton; R. R. Hobbins

1989-01-01

262

[Occupational rhinitis and allergic conjunctivitis].  

PubMed

Occupational rhinitis is an inflammatory disease of the nose, which is characterised by intermittent or persistent symptoms, arising from causes and conditions attributable to a particular work environment and not from stimuli encountered outside the workplace. Its clinical symptoms such as nasal congestion, sneezing, rhinorrhoea, itching, nasal airflow limitation are very similar to the symptoms of allergic rhinitis caused by other (classical) agents. Occupational allergic conjunctivitis is an IgE mediated disease, provoked by a substance in the air of the workplace. Its clinical signs (itching, tearing, conjunctival hyperaemia and oedema and, in some cases when the cornea is also involved, blurred vision, photosensitivity) are similar to other forms of allergic conjunctivitis. Risk factors (which in most of the cases occur in both diseases) include history of atopy, high concentration of the irritant agent and multiple irritant agents in the air of the workplace. Atopy has been associated with an increased risk of specific sensitisation to a variety of high molecular weight agents. For the diagnosis of occupational rhinitis and occupational allergic conjunctivitis objective investigations such as allergen specific provocations are necessary in addition to clinical and occupational history. Management of these occupational diseases needs environmental interventions (increasing ventilation, decreasing the time of exposure, substitution of the irritant agent). Medical treatment of occupational rhinitis is very similar to other allergic diseases: oral antihistamines, local (nasal) corticosteroids, combined (antihistamine plus membrane stabilizer) eyedrops. The most important step in medical treatment of occupational allergic conjunctivitis is the daily application of combined eyedrops (for example: olopatadine). Orv. Hetil., 2014, 155(5), 170-175. PMID:24463162

Endre, László

2014-02-01

263

Children's Sextyped Views of Traditional Occupational Roles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined children's views of traditional occupations in a study of 300 elementary school students who viewed photographs of 18 occupations. Results showed for most of the 18 occupational roles, students chose a traditional male or female role. The occupations of homemaker and firefighter received the most stereotyped scores. (JAC)

Barnhart, Ruth S.

1983-01-01

264

Values and Work Environment: Mapping 32 Occupations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study addresses the relationship between values and occupations. Israeli workers (N = 652; mean age = 47; 43% male) in 32 occupations reported their values using the Portrait Value Questionnaire (Schwartz, Melech, Lehmann, Burgess, Harris, & Owens, 2001), and value scores were aggregated within occupations. Occupations were classified…

Knafo, Ariel; Sagiv, Lilach

2004-01-01

265

Electrical Trades. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), which is one of a series of OCAPs developed to identify the skills that Ohio employers deem necessary to entering a given occupation/occupational area, lists the occupational, academic, and employability skills required of individuals entering the electrical trades. The introduction explains…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

266

Emergy of the Occupations. Chapter 43  

EPA Science Inventory

In this paper we calculated the emergy contributed to the economy of the United States in the work done by the workers of 558 occupations in 2008. We determined the empower (semj/yr) delivered by an individual engaged in each occupation, the transformity of the occupation?s work ...

267

A Participant Observer of Occupational Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines the observations and experiences of a clinical psychologist who viewed occupational therapy from the perspective of educating occupational therapy students and who, prior to this experience, had relatively little contact with or understanding of occupational therapy. These observations result from the first year of experiences of being an assistant professor in a department of occupational therapy. This

Gary M. Katz

1981-01-01

268

Occupational Information 1990/91. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Nebraska Occupational Information books (volumes I and II) contain information about 386 different occupations in the state and answer questions about specific occupations in detail. The descriptions are arranged according to a U.S. Department of Labor classification system, with occupational titles clustered in general groups of selected…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Nebraska Career Information System.

269

Using Occupational Information to Increase Vocational Differentiation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 51 undergraduates rated 51 occupations; half selected the 12 most positive and half the 12 most negative. Ratings made after they read positive or negative depictions of the occupations indicated that expectations about occupations significantly influenced responses to occupational information, supporting the disconfirmation…

Moore, Margaret A.; Neimeyer, Greg J.

1992-01-01

270

Agricultural Occupations. Education for Employment Task Lists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The duties and tasks found in these task lists form the basis of instructional content for secondary, postsecondary, and adult occupational training programs for agricultural occupations. The agricultural occupations are divided into three clusters. The clusters and occupations are: agricultural business and management cluster…

Lake County Area Vocational Center, Grayslake, IL.

271

The contribution of bone scintigraphy in occupational health or medical insurance claims: a retrospective study  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   Patients with a suspicion of bone damage following an industrial or traffic accident are often referred for bone scintigraphy\\u000a as part of an occupational health or medical insurance investigation. The aim of this study was to assess the contribution\\u000a and the potential role of bone scintigraphy compared with X-ray investigations in the aforementioned situation. To this end\\u000a we evaluated

Jan Versijpt; Rudi Andre Dierckx; Pieter De Bondt; Inge Dierckx; Luc Lambrecht; Carlos De Sadeleer

1999-01-01

272

Spine Immobilizer for Accident Victims  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Proposed conformal bladder filled with tiny spheres called "microballoons," enables spine of accident victim to be rapidly immobilized and restrained and permit victim to be safely removed from accident scene in extremely short time after help arrives. Microballoons expand to form rigid mass when pressure within bladder is less than ambient. Bladder strapped to victim is also strapped to rescue chair. Void between bladder and chair is filled with cloth wedges.

Vykukal, H. C.; Lampson, K.

1983-01-01

273

Recent PCB accidents in Finland.  

PubMed Central

Twenty-eight polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) accidents were recorded during a 1-year period in Finland. They comprised leaks, fires or explosions of capacitors. Some of the explosions and fires gave rise to high concentrations of PCBs in air and of PCBs and tetrachlorodibenzofurans (TCDFs), including 2,3,7,8-TCDF, on surfaces. One large explosion is described in detail, and biomedical data and findings of this case are compared with those of smaller accidents in Finland.

Elo, O; Vuojolahti, P; Janhunen, H; Rantanen, J

1985-01-01

274

Privacy and occupational health services  

PubMed Central

Privacy is a key ethical principle in occupational health services. Its importance is emphasised in several laws, in ethical codes of conduct as well as in the literature, yet there is only very limited empirical research on privacy in the occupational health context. Conceptual questions on privacy in the occupational health context are discussed. The baseline assumption is that, in this context, privacy cannot be approached and examined only from the employee's (an individual) vantage point but the employer's (a group) point of view must also be taken into account, and that the concept has several dimensions (physical, social, informational and psychological). Even though privacy is a basic human need, there is no universally accepted definition of the concept and no consensus on whether an organisation can have privacy in the same way as people do. Many of the challenges surrounding privacy in the context of occupational health seem to be associated with the dual loyalties of occupational health professionals towards the employee and employer and with their simultaneous duties of disseminating and protecting information (informational privacy). Privacy is thus not an absolute value, but more research is needed to understand its multidimensional nature in the context of occupational health.

Heikkinen, A; Launis, V; Wainwright, P; Leino-Kilpi, H

2006-01-01

275

Occupational safety and health in India: now and the future.  

PubMed

India, a growing economy and world's largest democracy, has population exceeding 1.2 billion. Out of this huge number, 63.6% form working age group. More than 90% work in the informal economy, mainly agriculture and services. Less than 10% work in the organized sector; mainly industry, mining and some services. New service industries like Information Technology (IT), Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) are increasing rapidly; so is the proportion of females in the workforce. The occupational safety and health (OSH) scenario in India is complex. Unprecedented growth and progress go hand in hand with challenges such as huge workforce in unorganized sector, availability of cheap labor, meager public spending on health, inadequate implementation of existing legislation, lack of reliable OSH data, shortage of OSH professionals, multiplicity of statutory controls, apathy of stakeholders and infrastructure problems. The national policy on OSH at workplace, adopted by the government in 2009, is yet to be implemented. Some of the major occupational risks are accidents, pneumoconiosis, musculoskeletal injuries, chronic obstructive lung diseases; pesticide poisoning and noise induced hearing loss. The three most important OSH needs are: 1. legislation to extend OSH coverage to all sectors of working life including the unorganized sector; 2. spreading the awareness about OSH among stakeholders; 3. development of OSH infrastructure and OSH professionals. Other issues include integration of occupational health with primary health care. PMID:22790480

Pingle, Shyam

2012-01-01

276

Metalworking Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on metalworking occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include blacksmiths, forge shop occupations, welders,…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

277

Occupational Component. 36-Level Courses. Teacher Resource Manual. Integrated Occupational Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 36-level occupational component of Integrated Occupational Program (IOP) consists of 8 occupational clusters composed of 20 occupational courses. Each course contains learning activities so that students in Alberta (Canada) may develop occupational concepts, skills, and attitudes. This teacher's manual consists of the following sections:…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Curriculum Branch.

278

Occupational Justice Informed by Service Learning in Undergraduate Occupational Science Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past ten years, several undergraduate programs in occupational science have been developed in the United States. These programs have diverse curriculums and pedagogical approaches that inform undergraduate students in the basic science of occupation and the relationship of occupation and health. Occupational science concepts developed over the same period include occupational justice and injustice. Townsend and Wilcock described

Rybski Debra; Gettemeier Peggy MPH COTAL; Serfas Katie OTD OTRL

2009-01-01

279

Severe accident analysis using dynamic accident progression event trees  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In present, the development and analysis of Accident Progression Event Trees (APETs) are performed in a manner that is computationally time consuming, difficult to reproduce and also can be phenomenologically inconsistent. One of the principal deficiencies lies in the static nature of conventional APETs. In the conventional event tree techniques, the sequence of events is pre-determined in a fixed order based on the expert judgments. The main objective of this PhD dissertation was to develop a software tool (ADAPT) for automated APET generation using the concept of dynamic event trees. As implied by the name, in dynamic event trees the order and timing of events are determined by the progression of the accident. The tool determines the branching times from a severe accident analysis code based on user specified criteria for branching. It assigns user specified probabilities to every branch, tracks the total branch probability, and truncates branches based on the given pruning/truncation rules to avoid an unmanageable number of scenarios. The function of a dynamic APET developed includes prediction of the conditions, timing, and location of containment failure or bypass leading to the release of radioactive material, and calculation of probabilities of those failures. Thus, scenarios that can potentially lead to early containment failure or bypass, such as through accident induced failure of steam generator tubes, are of particular interest. Also, the work is focused on treatment of uncertainties in severe accident phenomena such as creep rupture of major RCS components, hydrogen burn, containment failure, timing of power recovery, etc. Although the ADAPT methodology (Analysis of Dynamic Accident Progression Trees) could be applied to any severe accident analysis code, in this dissertation the approach is demonstrated by applying it to the MELCOR code [1]. A case study is presented involving station blackout with the loss of auxiliary feedwater system for a pressurized water reactor. The specific plant analyzed is the Zion Nuclear Power Plant, which is a Westinghouse-designed system that has been decommissioned.

Hakobyan, Aram P.

280

Occupational exposure in MRI  

PubMed Central

This article reviews occupational exposure in clinical MRI; it specifically considers units of exposure, basic physical interactions, health effects, guideline limits, dosimetry, results of exposure surveys, calculation of induced fields and the status of the European Physical Agents Directive. Electromagnetic field exposure in MRI from the static field B0, imaging gradients and radiofrequency transmission fields induces electric fields and currents in tissue, which are responsible for various acute sensory effects. The underlying theory and its application to the formulation of incident and induced field limits are presented. The recent International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers limits for incident field exposure are interpreted in a manner applicable to MRI. Field measurements show that exposure from movement within the B0 fringe field can exceed ICNIRP reference levels within 0.5 m of the bore entrance. Rate of change of field dB/dt from the imaging gradients is unlikely to exceed the new limits, although incident field limits can be exceeded for radiofrequency (RF) exposure within 0.2–0.5 m of the bore entrance. Dosimetric surveys of routine clinical practice show that staff are exposed to peak values of 42±24% of B0, with time-averaged exposures of 5.2±2.8 mT for magnets in the range 0.6–4 T. Exposure to time-varying fields arising from movement within the B0 fringe resulted in peak dB/dt of approximately 2 T s?1. Modelling of induced electric fields from the imaging gradients shows that ICNIRP-induced field limits are unlikely to be exceeded in most situations; however, movement through the static field may still present a problem. The likely application of the limits is discussed with respect to the reformulation of the European Union (EU) directive and its possible implications for MRI.

Mcrobbie, D W

2012-01-01

281

Occupant Protection at NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews NASA's efforts to arrive at protection of occupants of the ORION space craft on landing. An Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) has been developed, it is an anatomically-based, consensus-derived, global severity scoring system that classifies each injury by body region according to its relative importance on a 6-point ordinal scale. It reviews an Operationmally Relevant Injury Scale (ORIS), a classification methodology, and shows charts that detail the results of applying this ORIS to the injury databases. One chart uses NASCAR injury classification. It discusses providing a context for the level of risk inherent in the Orion landings in terms that people understand and have a sense for. For example is the risk of injury during an Orion landing roughly the same, better or worse than: An aircraft carrier landing, a NASCAR crash, or a helicopter crash, etc? The data for NASCAR and Indy Racing league (IRL) racing crash and injury data was reviewed. The risk from the Air Force, Navy, and Army injury data was also reviewed. Past NASA and the Soyuz programs injury risks are also reviewed. The work is an attempt to formulate a recommendation to the Orion Project for an acceptable level of injury risk associated with Nominal and Off-Nominal landing cases. The presentation also discusses the data mining and use of the data to Validate NASA Operationally-Relevant Injury Scale (NORIS) / Military Operationally-Relevant Injury Scale (MORIS), developing injury risk criteria, the types of data that are required, NASCAR modeling techniques and crash data, and comparison with the Brinkley model. The development of injury risk curves for each biodynamic response parameter is discussed. One of the main outcomes of this work is to establish an accurate Automated Test Dummy (ATD) that can be used to measure human tolerances.

Somers, Jeffrey; Granderson, Brad; Scheuring, Rick

2010-01-01

282

[An experimental study on driver identification of passenger car in vehicle to vehicle accidents].  

PubMed

A series of full-scale vehicle-to-vehicle oblique collision experiments was carried out for providing general data to clarify the question of seating positions. In all test, two unrestrained anthropometric dummies (Hybrid II) were seated on front seats in passenger cars as occupants. The bullet car collided against the target car running with 25 km/h, at 50 km/h, at impact angles of 120 degrees and 150 degrees. Five impact configurations between occupant regions and interior of vehicle were evaluated: head-face/windshield, head-face/A-pillar, chest-abdomen/instrument panel, upper body/inside door and lower extremities/instruments panel. Comparative occupant injuries and vehicle response data were obtained from electronic instrumentation, high-speed movie films and visual observations. No characteristic driver injuries was observed in oblique collision experiments. The crush characteristics of the vehicle interiors and occupant behavior had significant effect in determining the actual injury once contact occurred. The differences of injuries in occupants occurred depend on impact configurations of vehicles. Therefore, on the driver identification, it is important to clarify kinematics of occupants during the impact by an analytical reconstruction. The data and information can be used to determine who was driving in actual traffic accidents for the forensic medicine expert. PMID:2266610

Ueyama, M

1990-08-01

283

Uncovering your hidden occupancy costs.  

PubMed

Senior managers at large companies may not believe that they can have much impact on the "bricks and mortar" of their cost structure. They may even think that occupancy costs are too insignificant to worry about, too technical to analyze, and too fixed to control. But as real estate consultant Mahlon Apgar argues, occupancy costs can hurt a company's earnings, share value, and overall performance. On the other hand, every dollar saved drops straight to the bottom line. Shearson Lehman Brothers, for example, has found that it can save as much as $20 million annually by reducing occupancy costs in its branch offices and headquarters. Managing occupancy costs isn't easy. But it is timely. As companies strive to improve productivity by consolidating functions and downsizing staff, they are saddled with excess office space. Expansions abroad present completely different market conditions that put a premium on reducing occupancy costs. At the same time, the changing nature of work is challenging deeply held beliefs about the workplace, and, consequently, traditional expectations of office space are giving way to innovations that are less costly and more productive. To manage occupancy costs, managers must be able to identify their components, measure their impact, understand what drives them, and develop options to change them. Four basic tools help diagnose problems: a cost history, a loss analysis, a component analysis, and a lease aging profile. Understanding cost drivers like leasing, location, and layout can give executives the insights they need to reduce occupancy costs while improving the effectiveness of facilities to support day-to-day operations. PMID:10126151

Apgar, M

1993-01-01

284

Risk of injury for occupants of motor vehicle collisions from unbelted occupants  

PubMed Central

Objective: Unbelted occupants may increase the risk of injury for other occupants in a motor vehicle collision (MVC). This study evaluated the association between occupant restraint use and the risk of injury (including death) to other vehicle occupants. Design: A population based cohort study. Setting: United States. Subjects: MVC occupants (n = 152 191 unweighted, n = 18 426 684 weighted) seated between a belted or unbelted occupant and the line of the principal direction of force in frontal, lateral, and rear MVCs were sampled from the 1991–2002 National Automotive Sampling System General Estimates System. Offset MVCs were not included in the study. Main outcome measure: Risk ratios and 95% confidence intervals for injury (including death) for occupants seated contiguous to unbelted occupants compared to occupants seated contiguous to belted occupants. Risk ratios were adjusted for at risk occupant's sex, age, seating position, vehicle type, collision type, travel speed, crash severity, and at risk occupants' own seat belt use. Results: Exposure to unbelted occupants was associated with a 40% increased risk of any injury. Belted at risk occupants were at a 90% increased risk of injury but unbelted occupants were not at increased risk. Risks were similar for non-incapacitating and capacitating injuries. There was a 4.8-fold increased risk of death for exposed belted occupants but no increased risk of death for unbelted occupants. Conclusions: Belted occupants are at an increased risk of injury and death in the event of a MVC from unbelted occupants.

MacLennan, P; McGwin, G; Metzger, J; Moran, S; Rue, L

2004-01-01

285

76 FR 18220 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) In accordance...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2011-04-01

286

75 FR 26266 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) In accordance...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2010-05-11

287

75 FR 56549 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Safety and Occupational Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Safety...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2010-09-16

288

76 FR 52330 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) In accordance...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2011-08-22

289

77 FR 75633 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) In accordance...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2012-12-21

290

77 FR 51810 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) In accordance...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2012-08-27

291

76 FR 3908 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS); National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH); Meeting...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2011-01-21

292

75 FR 5333 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) In accordance...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2010-02-02

293

77 FR 27776 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) In accordance...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2012-05-11

294

77 FR 4048 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, (NIOSH) In...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2012-01-26

295

78 FR 75922 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH or Institute...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2013-12-13

296

78 FR 56235 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH or Institute...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2013-09-12

297

78 FR 24751 - Safety and Occupational Health Study Section (SOHSS), National Institute for Occupational Safety...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH or Institute...pertaining to research issues in occupational safety and health, and allied areas...improvements in the delivery of occupational safety and health services,...

2013-04-26

298

Relationship between Parents' Occupation and Selected Factors Related to Student Supervised Occupational Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents who were engaged in farming as an occupation felt that they provided their sons and daughters greater assistance in developing and conducting supervised occupational experience than parents who were engaged in either agribusiness or nonagricultural occupations. (LRA)

Rawls, Willie

1981-01-01

299

Compensation for occupational skin diseases.  

PubMed

The Korean list of occupational skin diseases was amended in July 2013. The past list was constructed according to the causative agent and the target organ, and the items of that list had not been reviewed for a long period. The revised list was reconstructed to include diseases classified by the International Classification of Diseases (10th version). Therefore, the items of compensable occupational skin diseases in the amended list in Korea comprise contact dermatitis; chemical burns; Stevens-Johnson syndrome; tar-related skin diseases; infectious skin diseases; skin injury-induced cellulitis; and skin conditions resulting from physical factors such as heat, cold, sun exposure, and ionized radiation. This list will be more practical and convenient for physicians and workers because it follows a disease-based approach. The revised list is in accordance with the International Labor Organization list and is refined according to Korean worker's compensation and the actual occurrence of occupational skin diseases. However, this revised list does not perfectly reflect the actual status of skin diseases because of the few cases of occupational skin diseases, incomplete statistics of skin diseases, and insufficient scientific evidence. Thus, the list of occupational diseases should be modified periodically on the basis of recent evidence and statistics. PMID:25006325

Song, Han-Soo; Ryou, Hyun-Chul

2014-06-01

300

Incidence by occupation and industry of acute work related respiratory diseases in the UK, 1992-2001  

PubMed Central

Aims: To summarise incidence rates and epidemiological characteristics of new cases of work related respiratory disease reported by specialist physicians in thoracic and occupational medicine, with particular reference to occupation, industry, and causal agents for asthma, inhalation accidents, and allergic alveolitis. Methods: Cases reported 1992–2001 to the SWORD and OPRA national surveillance schemes, in which almost all UK chest and occupational physicians participate, were analysed by age, sex, cause, occupation, and industry, with incidence rates calculated against appropriate denominators. Results: Excluding diseases of long latency, infrequently seen by occupational physicians, the distribution of diagnoses in the two specialties was similar, but with rates generally much higher in occupational than chest physicians. Occupational asthma was responsible for about 25% of cases overall, affecting mainly craft related occupations and machinists, and most often attributed to isocyanates, metals, grains, wood dusts, solders, and welding fume. These same occupations were those at highest risk from inhalation injuries, most frequently caused by irritant gases, vapours, and fume. Among medical technicians and nurses, however, glutaraldehyde and latex were the main causes of occupational asthma. Allergic alveolitis was seldom reported, with almost all cases in agriculture, forestry, and fishing. Conclusion: During the 10 year period studied, there were few changes in level of reported incidence, apart from some decline in occupational asthma and inhalation injuries. These results and their implications should be distinguished from much higher estimates of asthma made worse by work derived from population surveys, based on prevalence rather than incidence, and self-reported symptoms rather than diagnoses made by specialist physicians. Even so, the reported incidence of new cases of acute respiratory illness caused by work remains substantial.

McDonald, J; Chen, Y; Zekveld, C; Cherry, N

2005-01-01

301

The TMI-2 accident evaluation program  

SciTech Connect

The accident at the Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) reactor, now 10 years old, remains as the United States' worst commercial nuclear reactor accident. Although the consequences of the accident were restricted primarily to the plant itself, the potential consequences of the accident, should it have progressed further, are large enough to warrant close scrutiny of all aspects of the event. TMI-2 accident research is being conducted by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to provide the basis for more accurate calculations of source terms for postulated severe accidents. Research objectives supporting this goal include developing a comprehensive and consistent understanding of the mechanisms that controlled the progression of core damage and subsequent fission product behavior during the TMI-2 accident, and applying that understanding to the resolution of important severe accident safety issues. Developing a best-estimate scenario of the core melt progression during the accident is the focal point of the research and involves analytical work to interpret and integrate: (1) data recorded during the accident from plant instrumentation, (2) the post-accident state of the core, (3) results of the examination of material from the damaged core, and (4) related severe-accident research results. This paper summarizes the TMI-2 Accident Evaluation Program that is being conducted for the USDOE and briefly describes the important results that have been achieved. The Program is divided into four parts: Sample Acquisition and Plant Examination, Accident Scenario, Standard Problem Exercise, and Information and Industry Coordination.

Osetek, D.J.; Broughton, J.M.; Hobbins, R.R.

1989-01-01

302

A CANDU Severe Accident Analysis  

SciTech Connect

As interest in severe accident studies has increased in the last years, we have developed a set of simple models to analyze severe accidents for CANDU reactors that should be integrated in the EU codes. The CANDU600 reactor uses natural uranium fuel and heavy water (D2O) as both moderator and coolant, with the moderator and coolant in separate systems. We chose to analyze accident development for a LOCA with simultaneous loss of moderator cooling and the loss of emergency core cooling system (ECCS). This type of accident is likely to modify the reactor geometry and will lead to a severe accident development. When the coolant temperatures inside a pressure tube reaches 10000 deg C, a contact between pressure tube and calandria tube occurs and the residual heat is transferred to the moderator. Due to the lack of cooling, the moderator eventually begins to boil and is expelled, through the calandria vessel relief ducts, into the containment. Therefore the calandria tubes (fuel channels) will be uncovered, then will disintegrate and fall down to the calandria vessel bottom. After all the quantity of moderator is vaporized and expelled, the debris will heat up and eventually boil. The heat accumulated in the molten debris will be transferred through the calandria vessel wall to the shield tank water, which normally surrounds the calandria vessel. The phenomena described above are modelled, analyzed and compared with the existing data. The results are encouraging. (authors)

Negut, Gheorghe; Catana, Alexandru [Institute for Nuclear Research, 1, Compului Str., Mioveni, PO Box 78, 0300 Pitesti (Romania); Prisecaru, Ilie [University Politehnica Bucharest (Romania)

2006-07-01

303

Fewer injuries but more deaths from road accidents during the Persian Gulf war.  

PubMed

During the period 13 January to 28 February 1991, traffic accidents were the cause of death in 45 persons (31 vehicle and cycle occupants and 14 pedestrians) and of injuries in 2,769 persons (2,309 occupants and 460 pedestrians) in Israel. During the same period 18 persons (13 occupants and 5 pedestrians) died as the result of traffic accidents in the Territories (Judea/Samaria and the Gaza Strip). The decline in the number of injuries among occupants and pedestrians was offset by the increase in the case fatality rate (CFR), particularly among occupants, compared with: a) the previous 6 months, b) the same period of the previous year, a) the ratio of the reduced CFR in January-February in relation to the previous 6 months, and d) the CFR predicted by the declining CFR in January-February of the previous 5 years. Compared with 1990, in 1991 during the Persian Gulf war the roads were less crowded and crash occurrences were less frequent, but travel speeds, crash impacts and kinetic energy delivered to victims (especially occupants on inter-urban roads) were greater. Daytime running lights on two-lane roads; temporary lower speed limits; the use of new roadside monitoring methods for detecting and deterring speeding, tailgating and speedgating; the collection of tachygraph data; and implementation of the requirement for a rear seat belt are measures suggested to have been effective in swiftly reducing the toll of dead and injured, not only during but after the Gulf war as well. PMID:1757236

Richter, E D

1991-01-01

304

The impact of the accident at the Three Mile Island on the behavior and well-being of nuclear workers: Part II: job tension, psychophysiological symptoms, and indices of distress.  

PubMed Central

TMI workers experienced much greater job tension and lower occupational self-esteem (supervisors only). At the time of the accident, TMI workers reported experiencing more periods of anger, extreme worry and extreme upset, and more psychophysiological symptoms. Six months after the accident, some persistence of these feelings and symptoms was evident. Demoralization was greater primarily among TMI non-supervisory workers. The impact of the accident was not greater among TMI workers living closer to the plant. Presence of a preschool child at home enhanced the impact of the accident, but primarily among TMI supervisors.

Kasl, S V; Chisholm, R F; Eskenazi, B

1981-01-01

305

Occupational hazards of inhalational anaesthetics.  

PubMed

Occupational exposure to inhalational anaesthetics has often been associated with health hazards and reproductive toxicity, but the available evidence is weak and comes mostly from epidemiological studies that have been criticized. Studies based on registered data generally showed no association between occupational exposure to inhalational anaesthetics and reproductive effects. Animal studies also showed a lack of carcinogenicity, organ toxicity and reproductive effects with trace concentrations, as observed in operating rooms. The exception may be nitrous oxide, which in some, but not all, studies showed teratogenicity in rats chronically exposed to concentrations of 1000 p.p.m. and higher, such as may occur in unscavenged operating rooms lacking a mechanical ventilation system. Occupational exposure has also been associated with impairment of psychological functions, but these effects do not occur with trace concentrations. All in all, the scientific evidence for hazards is weak. Nonetheless, it is good practice to limit levels of exposure. PMID:12751554

Burm, Anton G L

2003-03-01

306

Occupation, hobbies, and acute leukemia in adults.  

PubMed

Occupational and industrial exposures have been implicated in the etiology of leukemia, yet uncertainty remains regarding potential high risk occupations. We examined the associations between self-reported occupations and hobbies and acute leukemia risk using data from 811 cases and 637 controls participating in a case-control study in the U.S. and Canada. We found that several occupations may increase the risk of acute leukemia, particularly occupations related to petroleum products, rubber, nuclear energy, munitions, plastics, and electronics manufacturing. Differences were noted according to histological type. Other occupations and hobbies were not clearly associated with risk. PMID:16111530

Terry, Paul D; Shore, David L; Rauscher, Garth H; Sandler, Dale P

2005-10-01

307

Introduction to occupational medical ethics.  

PubMed

Most bioethical advice has focused on the individual physician-patient relationship. But the ethical dilemmas confronting occupational medicine are more complex, because of the influence of institutional and organizational structure. For example, consider conflicts of interest in managed care: Concerns about costs to employers are not just economic, to be outweighed by commitments to employee health, but also legitimate ethical concerns about fair allocation of resources among all employees. Furthermore, in occupational health research, rather than thinking of employees as a "vulnerable population" it may be more useful to regard them as a distinct community and apply the 23 specified protections of communities. PMID:12225926

Emanuel, Ezekiel

2002-01-01

308

Occupational exposure and lung cancer  

PubMed Central

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for male and the second most usual cancer for women after breast cancer. Currently there are available several non-specific cytotoxic agents and several targeted agents for lung cancer therapy. However; early stage diagnosis is still unavailable and several efforts are being made towards this direction. Novel biomarkers are being investigated along with new biopsy techniques. The occupational and environmental exposure to carcinogenic agents is an everyday phenomenon. Therefore until efficient early diagnosis is available, avoidance of exposure to carcinogenic agents is necessary. In the current mini-review occupational and environmental carcinogenic agents will be presented.

Spyratos, Dionysios; Porpodis, Konstantinos; Tsakiridis, Kosmas; Machairiotis, Nikolaos; Katsikogiannis, Nikolaos; Kougioumtzi, Ioanna; Dryllis, Georgios; Kallianos, Anastasios; Rapti, Aggeliki; Li, Chen; Zarogoulidis, Konstantinos

2013-01-01

309

Job-Occupation Misfit as an Occupational Stressor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from theory on met expectations, person-environment fit, and social information processing, misfit between the pressure and autonomy experienced by workers and that which would be expected given their occupational roles was examined as a predictor of job satisfaction, perceived support, and depression. Results from a nationally (U.S.)…

Ford, Michael T.

2012-01-01

310

Investigation of the Challenger Accident  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident (hereafter referred to as the Rogers Commission) and the work of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in investigating the causes of the accident were reviewed. In addition to reviewing the five volumes of the Rogers Commission, the entire direct on-line Rogers Commission data base, which included full-text and document retrieval capability was also reviewed. The findings and recommendations contained also include materials submitted for the record, staff investigations, interviews, and trips.

1986-01-01

311

Aircraft accident construction set: performance engineering applied to accident reconstruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For some time aircraft accident investigation has been a reverse engineering procedure. Failure analysis has taken a strict engineering approach, disregarding many of the alternatives relating to cause. As aircraft become automated, many relating factors will need to be considered in order to build an accurate reconstruction of an accident. The Aircraft Accident Construction Set will provide the investigator with the opportunity to investigate 'What if?' questions relating to causal factors. The system addressed both the vehicle and the human elements of performance. Significant integration of engineering principles and human factors probability data enhance the outcomes assessment. The pictorial display provides a near real- time image of the vehicle as supported by the engineering data, rather than the more traditional approach of line graphs and interpolative tables. This enables the investigator to consider far more data at a given time than in the past. Interaction between the workstation and the investigator is through a menu system derived from data tables and displayed as ICON symbology. Relational database operations and a user toolbox round out the system. Presentation of this system will provide a fundamental understanding of the capabilities of the system, and an actual air carrier accident will be examined briefly.

Blanchard, James W.

1992-06-01

312

Type Airman Certification as Related to Accidents.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An analysis of 1964 aircraft accidents, using type of airman certificate as a measure of pilot proficiency, is presented. Data show that student pilots generally have a better accident record than any other of the certification groups. Analysis confirmed ...

E. J. Veregge

1967-01-01

313

Occupational Injuries and Illnesses-Washington, 1979.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains 52 tabulations of characteristics of occupational injuries and illnesses related to industry, occupation, and age of injured or ill worker. Data were compiled by the Washington Department of Labor and Industries from records of work...

1980-01-01

314

Occupational Safety and Health. A Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication consists of an annotated bibliography of published sources treating occupational safety and health both generally and specifically. The literature included deals primarily with causes, and possible prevention, of occupational injury and di...

1974-01-01

315

Non-occupational exposure to silica dust  

PubMed Central

Occupational exposure to silica occurs at workplaces in factories like quartz crushing facilities (silica flour milling), agate, ceramic, slate pencil, glass, stone quarries and mines, etc., Non-occupational exposure to silica dust can be from industrial sources in the vicinity of the industry as well as non-industrial sources. Recently, public concern regarding non-occupational or ambient exposure to crystalline silica has emerged making it important to gather information available on non-occupational exposures to silica dust and non-occupational silicosis. This paper reviews various non-occupational exposures reported in literature including some studies by the author. Methodology used in assessment of non-occupational exposures, standards for non-occupational exposures to silica dust and indirect estimation of cumulative risk % are also discussed.

Bhagia, L. J.

2012-01-01

316

Training Program in Occupational Health Concepts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is an edited and modified version of a series of lectures presented at the Mining Enforcement and Safety Administration Academy at Beckley, West Virginia, on various aspects of occupational health. Subjects discussed were occupational medicine;...

E. B. Sansone

1973-01-01

317

24 CFR 582.315 - Occupancy agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.315 Occupancy agreements. (a) Initial occupancy agreement....

2013-04-01

318

Occupational neurotoxic diseases in taiwan.  

PubMed

Occupational neurotoxic diseases have become increasingly common in Taiwan due to industrialization. Over the past 40 years, Taiwan has transformed from an agricultural society to an industrial society. The most common neurotoxic diseases also changed from organophosphate poisoning to heavy metal intoxication, and then to organic solvent and semiconductor agent poisoning. The nervous system is particularly vulnerable to toxic agents because of its high metabolic rate. Neurological manifestations may be transient or permanent, and may range from cognitive dysfunction, cerebellar ataxia, Parkinsonism, sensorimotor neuropathy and autonomic dysfunction to neuromuscular junction disorders. This study attempts to provide a review of the major outbreaks of occupational neurotoxins from 1968 to 2012. A total of 16 occupational neurotoxins, including organophosphates, toxic gases, heavy metals, organic solvents, and other toxic chemicals, were reviewed. Peer-reviewed articles related to the electrophysiology, neuroimaging, treatment and long-term follow up of these neurotoxic diseases were also obtained. The heavy metals involved consisted of lead, manganese, organic tin, mercury, arsenic, and thallium. The organic solvents included n-hexane, toluene, mixed solvents and carbon disulfide. Toxic gases such as carbon monoxide, and hydrogen sulfide were also included, along with toxic chemicals including polychlorinated biphenyls, tetramethylammonium hydroxide, organophosphates, and dimethylamine borane. In addition we attempted to correlate these events to the timeline of industrial development in Taiwan. By researching this topic, the hope is that it may help other developing countries to improve industrial hygiene and promote occupational safety and health care during the process of industrialization. PMID:23251841

Liu, Chi-Hung; Huang, Chu-Yun; Huang, Chin-Chang

2012-12-01

319

Occupational dermatoses in composite production.  

PubMed

In a plant that produces fiber-resin composite by impregnation of cellulose fibers with phenol-formaldehyde and melamine-formaldehyde resins, a new technique was introduced that resulted in problems in the handling of uncured products. Many workers suffered dermatitis on areas of exposed skin. A primary investigation found that some workers had an occupationally related skin disease with contact allergy to work materials. We undertook a survey of occupational dermatoses, based on a questionnaire, clinical examination, and patch test with a standard series and a series of products and chemicals representing the work environment. Eighty-eight workers participated in the clinical investigation. In six workers, contact allergy to phenol-formaldehyde resin was seen, and in five workers, contact allergy to melamine-formaldehyde resin was noted. Two workers were allergic to both resins. Occupational dermatitis was diagnosed in nine of 88 (10.2%) workers. In this article, we discuss possible preventive measures for avoiding occupational dermatitis. PMID:10224591

Isaksson, M; Zimerson, E; Bruze, M

1999-04-01

320

Occupational Development Seminar: Instructor's Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The seminar is designed to assist young adults to better understand and to achieve more self-direction of their own occupational development processes. Designed as a psychological education approach in which classes are a mixture of experiential and pragmatic activities, the seminar is divided into fourteen three-hour sessions. Class activities,…

Hedlund, Dalva E.

321

A Guide to Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to familiarize secondary students with the variety of occupational opportunities in the health field. It may be used in one of three ways--as a health career reference for guidance counselors, career counselors, teachers, and students; as a guide to introduce students to the health field; or as a text for career education.…

Cheu, Janey M. Y.; And Others

322

Dental Auxiliary Occupations. Interim Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a dental auxiliaries project, a Dental Auxiliary National Technical Advisory Committee was established, and its major undertaking was to assist in the development of a functional inventory for each of the three dental auxiliary occupations (dental assisting, dental hygiene, and dental laboratory technology). The analysis consisted of…

Kingston, Richard D.

323

Occupational Tedium among Prison Officers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied sources of occupational stress in the prison officer's job and investigated their relationships with tedium (defined as a general experience of physical, emotional, and attitudinal exhaustion). Found the variables making the largest unique contributions to the variance in tedium are role overload, management support, and societal support.…

Shamir, Boaz; Drory, Amos

1982-01-01

324

Rate and Occupancy Survey Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In its annual effort to determine rate and occupancy trends in the Mid-Atlantic region, MACUHO surveyed by questionnaire the chief housing officers on its mailing list and received 99 usable responses, compared with 65 the previous year. The average double room rate was reported to be $691, compared with $646 in 1975; the average board rate rose…

Mid-Atlantic Association of Coll. and Univ. Housing Officers.

325

Delaware Occupational Teacher Education Consortium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Delaware Occupational Teacher Education Consortium is comprised of three colleges: the University of Delaware, Delaware State College, and Delaware Technical and Community College. These schools established a joint program in 1972 for preparing and certifying industrial arts, trade, and industry teachers in B.S. and M.S. degree programs. The…

Matthews, John I.

326

Histologic Technician. Laboratory Occupations Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task-based curriculum guide for histologic technician is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a career ladder, a matrix relating duty/task numbers to job titles, and a task list. Each task…

Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

327

THE CLASSIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS OCCUPATIONS  

PubMed Central

In this paper Doctor Hayhurst describes the six classifications for hazardous occupations which were employed in a survey made in Ohio. He also explains, by text and diagram, the process of analyzing, upon a standard formula, the hazard of an individual case.

Hayhurst, E. R.

1916-01-01

328

Accounting. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Accounting Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) is one of a series of competency lists, verified by expert workers, that have evolved from a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) job analysis process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from throughout Ohio. This OCAP identifies the…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

329

Holland's Theory and Occupational Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Career Exploration Program and the Department of Labor's O*NET (Occupational Information Network) are used to demonstrate the influence of Holland's hexagonal model on career information systems. Results reveal the near-universal acceptance of Holland's taxonomy and the technical challenges of linking…

McDaniel, Michael A.; Snell, Andrea F.

1999-01-01

330

Student Perceptions of Occupational Congruency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated student perceptions of occupational congruency using Holland's realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising, and conventional personality and environment types. Four levels of person-environment congruency were established from the hexagonal ordering of the types. Student perceptions of congruent activities, values,…

Williams, Gerald D.

1975-01-01

331

Instructional Analysis for Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional analysis centers on identifying the skills, related knowledge, teacher activities, and student activities that are central to teaching various topics included in the core curriculum for health occupations courses. Addressed in the volume are the following instructional areas: first aid; medical terminology; medical asepsis;…

East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

332

Occupational Therapy in Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have identified a low preference for mental health careers among students and practitioners in occupational therapy. Factors implicated include the social stigma of mental health in the community, fieldwork experience, academic preparation, and work setting factors such as role ambiguity and chronicity of clients. Of these factors, fieldwork may be the most important influence. A survey was administered

Anne Cusick; Tracey Demattia; Sharon Doyle

1993-01-01

333

The Occupational Therapist as Counselor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes humanistic-existentialism as a philosophy which generates a theory of counseling and suggests how this theory can apply to the practice of an occupational therapist in the clinical setting of a community health center. (Editors/JA)

Dunning, R. Edward

1973-01-01

334

Forestry Occupations. A Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as a part of a larger project to revise the total agricultural education curriculum in South Carolina, this curriculum guide is designed for a 2-year course in forestry occupations. A paradigm accompanies the document and illustrates a possible time frame and sequence. The units covered by the curriculum include an orientation to…

Mercer, R. J., Ed.

335

Occupational risk for laryngeal cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a case-control analysis, we studied the effects of type of employment on laryngeal cancer risk using the interview data from the Third National Cancer Survey. Effects were measured relative to the risk for those employed in a group of arbitrarily defined industries and occupations with low risk. We excluded females and controlled for age, tobacco use, alcohol use, and

W. D. Flanders; K. J. Rothman

1982-01-01

336

Coal gasification and occupational health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identification and prevention of health effects due to occupational exposures in coal gasification processes requires a basic knowledge of the technological process by which gasification proceeds. This paper presents an overview of the technology and a rational approach to health hazard identification based upon the concept of the unit operation specific micro environment. A final section is devoted to summarizing

RONALD J. YOUNG; WILLIAM J. McKAY; JAMES M. EVANS

1978-01-01

337

Health Occupations: Scope and Sequence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, which was written as an initial step in the development of a systemwide articulated curriculum sequence for all vocational programs within the Metropolitan Nashville Public School System, outlines the suggested scope and sequence of a 3-year program in health occupations. The guide consists of a course description; general course…

Nashville - Davidson County Metropolitan Public Schools, TN.

338

Pathways to STEMM Support Occupations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The preceding articles in this issue of the "Peabody Journal of Education" have focused on preparation for and entry into professional positions in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and medicine (STEMM). This article shifts the focus from professional positions to STEMM support occupations, focusing on the preparation necessary for…

Solberg, V. Scott; Kimmel, Linda G.; Miller, Jon D.

2012-01-01

339

Curriculum Guide for Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by teachers and representatives of the health service industries, this curriculum guide outlines the basic skills and knowledge necessary for entry-level competencies in the health field or for entrance into a post-high school or university programs. Section 1, Occupational and Instructional Data, provides manpower data and an analysis…

Oregon State Board of Education, Salem. Div. of Community Colleges and Career Education.

340

Aircraft Accidents by Older Persons.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During 1965 there were 450,494 certificated general aviation pilots in the United States, of which 9,826 were over sixty years old. Within this group there were 108 accidents, 17 of which were fatal. Statistical analysis (chi square) revealed that these o...

S. R. Mohler R. H. S. Bedell A. Ross E. J. Veregge

1967-01-01

341

Notes on Road Accident Statistics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Road Research Laboratory has organised courses in traffic and safety for the benefit of police officers and highway engineerings for a number of years. The notes for one of the lectures, dealing with accident statistics form the basis of the report. I...

H. D. Johnson F. Garwood

1971-01-01

342

Road Accident Facts 1984, Ireland.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report gives detailed classifications of accidents on Irish Roads reported to the Garda Siochana in 1984. Some comment is also given on the interpretation of the classifications. In a number of the more detailed tables which are included in the report...

1984-01-01

343

Road Accident Tabulation Language (Rattle).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A suite of programs has been written for ICL System 4 computers to enable tabular reports from the annual road accident statistics files to be extracted with a minimum of effort. Requests for analysis are written in the form of simple language statements ...

P. Harris

1971-01-01

344

Assessment of Severe Accident Risks  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter deals with the Risk Assessment Task within CETP. This task addressed the comparative assessment of accidents\\u000a risks associated with the various electricity supply options. The full account of the work carried out within this task is\\u000a provided in the technical report (Hirschberg et al., 2003a).

Stefan Hirschberg; Peter Burgherr; Gerard Spiekerman; Erik Cazzoli; Jirina Vitazek; Lulian Cheng

345

The Physics of Traffic Accidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shows how physics can be used to analyze and prevent traffic accidents by determining critical speeds on curves, the behavior of motor cycles and stability of articulated vehicles, and the visibility that is needed to make a minor road junction safe. (MLH)

Knight, Peter

1975-01-01

346

Values and work environment: Mapping 32 occupations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study addresses the relationship between values and occupations. Israeli workers (N=652; mean age=47; 43% male) in 32\\u000a occupations reported their values using the Portrait Value Questionnaire (Schwartz, Melech, Lehmann, Burgess, Harris, & Owens,\\u000a 2001), and value scores were aggregated within occupations. Occupations were classified according to the Holland (1985) typology.\\u000a Enterprising work environments correlated negatively with universalism values. Social

Ariel Knafo; Lilach Sagiv

2004-01-01

347

Definition and diagnosis of occupational asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Occupational asthma is a disease characterized by variable airflow limitation and\\/or hyperresponsiveness and\\/or inflammation\\u000a due to causes and conditions attributable to a particular occupational environment and not to stimuli encountered outside\\u000a the workplace. Two types of occupational asthma are distinguished based on their appearance after a latency period or not:\\u000a the classical occupational asthma requiring a period of sensitization and

André Cartier

348

Lumbar load attenuation for rotorcraft occupants using a design methodology for the seat impact energy-absorbing system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aircraft occupant crash-safety considerations require a minimum cushion thickness to limit the relative vertical motion of the seat-pelvis during high vertical impact loadings in crash landings or accidents. In military aircraft and helicopter seat design, due to the potential for high vertical accelerations in crash scenarios, the seat system must be provided with an energy absorber to attenuate the acceleration level sustained by the occupants. Because of the limited stroke available for the seat structure, the design of the energy absorber becomes a trade-off problem between minimizing the stroke and maximizing the energy absorption. The available stroke must be used to prevent bottoming out of the seat as well as to absorb maximum impact energy to protect the occupant. In this study, the energy-absorbing system in a rotorcraft seat design is investigated using a mathematical model of the occupant/seat system. Impact theories between interconnected bodies in multibody mechanical systems are utilized to study the impact between the seat pan and the occupant. Experimental responses of the seat system and the occupant are utilized to validate the results from this study for civil and military helicopters according to FAR 23 and 25 and MIL-S-58095 requirements. A model for the load limiter is proposed to minimize the lumbar load for the occupant by minimizing the relative velocity between the seat pan and the occupant's pelvis. The modified energy absorber/load limiter is then implemented for the seat structure so that it absorbs the energy of impact in an effective manner and below the tolerable limit for the occupant in a minimum stroke. Results show that for a designed stroke, the level of occupant lumbar spine injury would be significantly attenuated using this modified energy-absorber system.

Moradi, Rasoul; Beheshti, Hamid K.; Lankarani, Hamid M.

2012-12-01

349

Learning from Accident Analysis: The Dynamics Leading Up to a Rafting Accident.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of a case study of a whitewater rafting accident reveals that such accidents tend to result from multiple actions. Many events leading up to such accidents include procedural and process factors, suggesting that hard-skills technical training is an insufficient approach to accident prevention. Contains 26 references. (SAS)

Hovelynck, Johan

1998-01-01

350

Development of a new chemical process-industry accident database to assist in past accident analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past accident analysis (PAA) is one of the most potent and oft-used exercises for gaining insights into the reasons why accidents occur in chemical process industry (CPI) and the damage they cause. PAA provides invaluable ‘wisdom of hindsight’ with which strategies to prevent accidents or cushion the impact of inevitable accidents can be developed.A number of databases maintain record of

S. M. Tauseef; Tasneem Abbasi; S. A. Abbasi

2011-01-01

351

Construction Occupations--Structural. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on structural construction occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include bricklayers, stonemasons, marble…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

352

Food Merchandising Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on food merchandising occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include bartenders, cooks and chefs, dining room…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

353

Construction Occupations--Finishing. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on finishing construction occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include air…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

354

Air and Water Transportation Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on air and water transportation occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include civil aviation workers, air…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

355

Occupational Component. 36-Level Courses. Program of Studies/Curriculum Guide. Integrated Occupational Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Integrated Occupational Program (IOP) enables students in Alberta (Canada) who have experienced difficulty in learning to develop essential concepts, skills, and attitudes in the context of one or more occupational clusters. The IOP has four levels: occupational awareness (grades 8-9), career exploration (level 16), occupational orientation…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Curriculum Branch.

356

Driving Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on driving occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include intercity busdrivers, local transit busdrivers,…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

357

Factory Production Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on factory production occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include assemblers, blue collar worker…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

358

Protective and Related Service Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on protective and related service occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include correction officers,…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

359

Medical and occupational preconditions for vibration-induced spinal disorders: occupational disease no. 2110 in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current state of scientific knowledge of the biodynamic behaviour of the vertebral column under the influence of whole-body vibration whilst sitting and results from epidemiological studies caused the medical board of experts on occupational health of the Federal Ministry of Labour in Germany to add a new occupational disease to the official list of occupational diseases. The occupational disease

Heinrich Dupuis

1994-01-01

360

Design Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on design occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include architects, commercial artists, display workers…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

361

Banking and Insurance Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on banking and insurance occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include bank clerks, bank officers/managers,…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

362

Mathematics and Related Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on mathematics and related occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include accountants, actuaries,…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

363

Occupational Therapy, AFSC 4J0X1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is an Occupational Survey Report of the Occupational Therapy career ladder conducted by the Air Force Occupational Measurement Squadron. Authority for conducting occupational surveys is contained in AFI 36-2623. Computer products used in this report ...

2000-01-01

364

Measurement of the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant criticality accident alarm  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant's nuclear criticality accident radiation alarm signal response time, sound wave frequency, and sound volume levels were made to demonstrate compliance with ANSI/ANS-8.3-1986. A steady-state alarm signal is produced within one-half second of obtaining a two-out-of-three detector trip. The fundamental alarm sound wave frequency is 440 hertz. The sound volume levels are greater than 10 decibels above background and ranged from 100 to 125 A-weighted decibels. The requirements of the standard were met; however the recommended maximum sound volume level of 115 dBA was exceeded. Emergency procedures require immediate evacuation upon initiation of a facility's radiation alarm. Comparison with standards for allowable time of exposure at different noise levels indicate that the elevated noise level at this location does not represent an occupational injury hazard. 8 refs., 5 figs.

Tayloe, R.W. Jr. (Battelle Columbus (USA)); McGinnis, B. (Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Piketon, OH (USA))

1990-08-31

365

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Floristry Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended to serve as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois Occupational Skill Standards for occupational education in the floristry cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and credentialing, the process used to develop…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

366

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards. Beef Production Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the beef production cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

367

Resource Manual for Health Occupations Education Instructors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource manual is designed to assist secondary health occupations instructors in implementing their health occupations programs. It contains two types of materials: informational topics and sample forms, letters, memos, and other materials. The manual begins with an overview of the health occupations education program, followed by these…

Feilner, Veronica, Ed.; Robling, Jeannine, Ed.

368

Dissonance Reduction Through Shifting Occupational Involvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article attempts to demonstrate that an individual's occupational goals become adjusted to the position he is in---blocked goals tend to become of less interest and available goals are of increased interest, which tends to decrease dissonance. The author's hypothesis is that middle class occupational status occupants over a period of time…

Washburne, Chandler

369

[Occupationally mediated morbidity in aviation specialists].  

PubMed

General hygienic evaluation covered workplaces of aviation engineers and technicians and showed that work conditions of these occupations are characterized mainly by exposure to noise and infrasound, that are assigned to hazardous (3.4) and jeopardized (4) classes. Analysis of periodic medical examinations results helped to justify evidence based occupational and occupationally mediated diseases. PMID:21089440

Soldatov, S K; Bukhtiiarov, I V; Zinkin, V N; Swidowy?, V I; Palishkina, E E

2010-01-01

370

Office and Business Occupations: Cluster Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is one of a series of publications focusing on the occupational preparation of persons with special education needs. The material was developed and tested by cooperating teachers over a period of three years. Task analysis information is presented using occupational descriptions from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles,…

Central Michigan Univ., Mount Pleasant.

371

Prestige and Occupational Therapy in Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prestige of occupational therapy in mental health was studied in relationship to the prestige held by other mental health professions. One hundred fifty four mental health professionals, representing members of a psychiatric treatment team, were surveyed. Although all professionals agreed that occupational therapists held a moderate amount of prestige when considered apart from other disciplines, occupational therapists received the

Janet Falk-Kessler; Peter Ruopp

1993-01-01

372

The Occupational Therapy Elder Abuse Checklist  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational therapists encounter elder abuse in society and in clinical practice; however, the occupational therapy literature is void of information and tools for assessing and treating individuals at risk. Occupational therapists are in a unique position to identify elder abuse. Definitions of elder abuse, signs and symptoms of elder abuse, and reporting practices required of professionals coming in contact with

Mary Jean Lafata; Christine A. Helfrich

2001-01-01

373

Occupational therapy for stroke patients at home  

Microsoft Academic Search

The provision of occupational therapy for stroke patients by the social services was examined in 327 patients who had been discharged from hospital. Two- thirds (64%) of the patients were referred to the social service occupational therapist (SSOT). The occupational therapist visited a median of seven days from referral, treated the patient twice and then closed the case.The SSOT provided

PA Clarke; H. Collins; Jrf Gladman

1995-01-01

374

Technical and Occupational Shops. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The layouts and specifications provided are intended as a guide to school boards, educators, and architects. Drawings and room plans illustrate specifications for girls' occupational shop, graphic arts, carpentry (millwork and building construction shop), boys' occupational shop (mechanical), boys' occupational shop (building construction),…

Ontario Dept. of Education, Toronto. School Planning and Building Research Section.

375

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Mechanical Drafting Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the mechanical drafting cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

376

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Automotive Technician Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the automotive technician cluster. The document begins with overviews of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

377

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Architectural Drafting Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the architectural drafting cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

378

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards. Meeting Professional Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in the meeting professional occupational cluster. It begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and credentialing,…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

379

Animal Management Technician. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) for animal management technician (AMT) is a competency list verified by expert workers that evolved from a job analysis. It identifies occupational, academic, and employability competencies needed to enter the occupation; lists and clusters them into broader units; and details the competency…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

380

Reported occupational respiratory diseases in Catalonia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: A voluntary surveillance system was implemented in Catalonia (Spain) to ascertain the feasibility, incidence, and characteristics of occupational respiratory diseases and compare them with those of the compulsory official system. Methods: In 2002, in collaboration with the Occupational and Thoracic Societies of Catalonia, occupational and chest physicians and other specialists were invited to report, on a bimonthly basis, newly

R Orriols; R Costa; M Albanell; C Alberti; J Castejon; E Monso; R Panades; N Rubira; J-P Zock

2006-01-01

381

AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS OTHER THAN FARMING IN MISSOURI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY WERE TO--(1) IDENTIFY PRESENT AND EMERGING OFF-FARM AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS, (2) DETERMINE EMPLOYMENT TRENDS, (3) RELATE TYPES OF OCCUPATIONS TO STATE REGIONS, (4) DETERMINE CHARACTERISTICS OF THESE OCCUPATIONS, AND (5) DETERMINE CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL BUSINESSES. A SURVEY OF 3,315 FIRMS IN RURAL AREAS OF THE…

GRIFFITH, WARREN L.

382

NASA Medical Response to Human Spacecraft Accidents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Manned space flight is risky business. Accidents have occurred and may occur in the future. NASA's manned space flight programs, with all their successes, have had three fatal accidents, one at the launch pad and two in flight. The Apollo fire and the Challenger and Columbia accidents resulted in a loss of seventeen crewmembers. Russia's manned space flight programs have had three fatal accidents, one ground-based and two in flight. These accidents resulted in the loss of five crewmembers. Additionally, manned spacecraft have encountered numerous close calls with potential for disaster. The NASA Johnson Space Center Flight Safety Office has documented more than 70 spacecraft incidents, many of which could have become serious accidents. At the Johnson Space Center (JSC), medical contingency personnel are assigned to a Mishap Investigation Team. The team deploys to the accident site to gather and preserve evidence for the Accident Investigation Board. The JSC Medical Operations Branch has developed a flight surgeon accident response training class to capture the lessons learned from the Columbia accident. This presentation will address the NASA Mishap Investigation Team's medical objectives, planned response, and potential issues that could arise subsequent to a manned spacecraft accident. Educational Objectives are to understand the medical objectives and issues confronting the Mishap Investigation Team medical personnel subsequent to a human space flight accident.

Patlach, Robert

2010-01-01

383

Study of severe accident mitigation systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study has been performed as part of the Severe Accident Risk Reduction Program (SARRP) to investigate the feasibility and costs of installing various systems designed to mitigate the effects of severe accidents in light water reactors (LWRs). The primary function of the systems is to maintain the integrity of the reactor containment in the event of a severe accident

R. Cherdack; C. Hess; K. Lee; D. Miller

1987-01-01

384

Profile of an Accident Flying Squad  

PubMed Central

An analysis of 184 accident flying squad calls and of 280 patients injured in road accidents and treated by a flying squad based on an accident department inclusive from 1967 to 1971 has shown that such a service can provide an efficient system without disrupting the routine work of the hospital.

Little, Keith

1972-01-01

385

Road Accident Recording Systems in Southern Africa.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains a review of present road accident recording system in the SADCC-countries and recommends a new, improved road accident recording system. It is recommended to report each individual accident to a central unit which prepares and compiles...

T. Vaaje

1987-01-01

386

School Bus Accidents and Driver Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines the rates and types of school bus accidents according to the age of the school bus driver. Accident rates in North Carolina for the school year 1971-72 were analyzed using three sources of data: accident reports, driver and mileage data, and questionnaires administered to a sample of school bus drivers. Data were obtained on…

McMichael, Judith

387

The current status and the future of occupational safety and health in Korea.  

PubMed

From the 1970s to 2000, the occupational accident rate in Korea showed a continuous decline. However, the rate has remained stagnant since 2000 even when the fatal injury rate has decreased 40% from that year. Injuries caused by being caught in objects have decreased while those caused by slips and falls on same level and falls from the height have increased. In 2010, the non-fatal injury rate per 100 employees was 0.63 while the fatal injury rate per 100,000 employees was 9.74. The construction industry accounted for 40.2% of all fatal injuries, and falls from the height caused 54.3% of the fatality. Musculoskeletal diseases accounted for 78.8% of the non-fatal occupational diseases while cardio-cerebrovascular diseases and pneumoconiosis are the two major fatal occupational diseases. Occupational diseases caused by chemical agents have decreased to 0.6% of all cases. However, there were several social disputes related to occupational diseases caused by low level of chemicals such as leukemia in a semiconductor company. Korea planned to reduce the fatal injury rate and total workday loss by 30% by 2015. In order to achieve this goal, the government will focus on vulnerable groups in collaboration with allies such as professional associations or organizations. PMID:22327068

Kang, Seong-Kyu

2012-01-01

388

Frequencies of occupational allergic diseases and gender differences in Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Finland occupational diseases are registered by diagnosis, causative agent, age, occupation, field of work, and gender. This report analyzes in detail the 1991 statistics on gender differences in occupational allergic diseases. A total of 1314 cases of occupational allergic diseases were reported, comprising 14.2% of all registered occupational diseases. The following allergic occupational diseases were encountered: allergic contact dermatitis

Lasse Kanerva; Riitta Jolanki; Jouni Toikkanen

1994-01-01

389

Challenges and opportunities in occupational medicine.  

PubMed

Recent position papers of the American College of Physicians and the Institute of Medicine have emphasized the role of primary care physicians in occupational medicine. Although opportunities for physicians to become certified in occupational medicine have expanded, shortages in the specialty are likely to persist throughout the 1990s. To help acquaint osteopathic physicians with some of the challenges facing the specialty of occupational medicine, this article addresses the extent of occupational illnesses, health-related policies in the workplace, the delivery of occupational medical services, and graduate medical education. PMID:7890553

McCunney, R J

1995-02-01

390

Undergraduate preparation for occupational health nursing.  

PubMed

Seven baccalaureate nursing programs in Arkansas were surveyed to ascertain what content pertinent to occupational health nursing was included in the curriculum. Programs were examined for clinical experiences in occupational health settings. All programs failed to include some of the needed content. None of the programs covered the Occupational Health and Safety Act and its importance in occupational health nursing. Only four of the seven programs offered clinical experiences ranging from a one day observation to a six week preceptorship in an occupational health setting. PMID:1834627

Fields, M R; Roundtree, P; Coleman, M A

1991-08-01

391

Single pilot IFR accident data analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The aircraft accident data recorded by the National Transportation and Safety Board (NTSR) for 1964-1979 were analyzed to determine what problems exist in the general aviation (GA) single pilot instrument flight rule (SPIFR) environment. A previous study conducted in 1978 for the years 1964-1975 provided a basis for comparison. This effort was generally limited to SPIFR pilot error landing phase accidents but includes some SPIFR takeoff and enroute accident analysis as well as some dual pilot IFR accident analysis for comparison. Analysis was performed for 554 accidents of which 39% (216) occurred during the years 1976-1979.

Harris, D. F.

1983-01-01

392

Biomechanical analysis of protective countermeasures in underride motor vehicle accidents - biomed 2009.  

PubMed

Traffic safety has been significantly improved over the past several decades reducing injury and fatality rates. However, there is a paucity of research effort to address the safety issues in underride accidents, specifically the side underride crashes. It is well known that the compromise of occupant space in the vehicle leads to a higher probability of serious or fatal injuries. A better understanding of occupant protection and mechanism of injuries involved in side underride accidents assists in the advancement of safety measures. The present work evaluates the injury potential to occupants during side underride crashes using the car-to-trailer crash methodology. Four crash tests were conducted into the side of a stationary trailer fitted with the side underride guard system (SURG). The SURG used in these tests is 25% lighter than the previous design. A 5th percentile hybrid III female dummy was placed in the driver seat and restrained with the three-point lap and shoulder harness. The anthropometric dummy was instrumented with a head triaxial accelerometer, a chest triaxal accelerometer, a load cell to measure neck force and moment, and a load cell to measure the femur force. The vehicle acceleration was measured using a traxial accelerometer in the rear center tunnel. High speed, standard video and still photos were taken. In all tests, the intrusion was limited to the front structure of the vehicle without any significant compromise to the occupant space. Results indicate that the resultant head and chest accelerations, head injury criterion (HIC), neck force and moment, and femur force were well below the injury tolerance. The present findings support the hypothesis that the SURG not only limits or eliminates the intrusion into the occupant space but also results in biomechanical injury values well below the tolerance limit in motor vehicle crashes. PMID:19369745

Kumar, Sri; Enz, Bruce; Ponder, Perry L; Anderson, Bob

2009-01-01

393

Industrial Fungal Enzymes: An Occupational Allergen Perspective  

PubMed Central

Occupational exposure to high-molecular-weight allergens is a risk factor for the development and pathogenesis of IgE-mediated respiratory disease. In some occupational environments, workers are at an increased risk of exposure to fungal enzymes used in industrial production. Fungal enzymes have been associated with adverse health effects in the work place, in particular in baking occupations. Exposure-response relationships have been demonstrated, and atopic workers directly handling fungal enzymes are at an increased risk for IgE-mediated disease and occupational asthma. The utilization of new and emerging fungal enzymes in industrial production will present new occupational exposures. The production of antibody-based immunoassays is necessary for the assessment of occupational exposure and the development of threshold limit values. Allergen avoidance strategies including personal protective equipment, engineering controls, protein encapsulation, and reduction of airborne enzyme concentrations are required to mitigate occupational exposure to fungal enzymes.

Green, Brett J.; Beezhold, Donald H.

2011-01-01

394

Occupational asthma due to formaldehyde.  

PubMed Central

Bronchial provocation studies on 15 workers occupationally exposed to formaldehyde are described. The results show that formaldehyde exposure can cause asthmatic reactions, and suggest that these are sometimes due to hypersensitivity and sometimes to a direct irritant effect. Three workers had classical occupational asthma caused by formaldehyde fumes, which was likely to be due to hypersensitivity, with late asthmatic reactions following formaldehyde exposure. Six workers developed immediate asthmatic reactions, which were likely to be due to a direct irritant effect as the reactions were shorter in duration than those seen after soluble allergen exposure and were closely related to histamine reactivity. The breathing zone concentrations of formaldehyde required to elicit these irritant reactions (mean 4.8 mg/m3) were higher than those encountered in buildings recently insulated with urea formaldehyde foam, but within levels sometimes found in industry. Images

Burge, P S; Harries, M G; Lam, W K; O'Brien, I M; Patchett, P A

1985-01-01

395

Occupational Health in Eastern Europe  

PubMed Central

Progress may be fostered as much by spreading information as by research. The aim of this review is to add to the existing knowledge of the pattern of occupational health services in the socialist countries of Eastern Europe. The work consists of two main parts. Part I is based on official information issued by government departments or typewritten reports prepared by government officials, and relates mostly to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and to Czechoslovakia. Part II is largely based on direct observation, discussion, and comparison of the occupational health services in Czechoslovakia, of which I have more extensive knowledge than of the other countries of Eastern Europe. This part embodies a number of conclusions and is followed by a list of bibliographical references. Throughout the review I have endeavoured to show how problems which exist all over the world are dealt with in Eastern Europe.

Malan, R. M.

1963-01-01

396

Occupational illness in the arts.  

PubMed

Artists and craftspeople are exposed to the same hazardous materials as workers in industry. Art materials, including solvents, stones, clay, metals and dyes, are all potential health hazards. Patients whose symptoms cannot be easily categorized or who do not respond to initial treatment should be questioned about personal activities in the arts and crafts. A questionnaire devised by the Occupational and Environmental Health Committee of the American Lung Association may be useful. PMID:3318355

McCunney, R J; Russo, P K; Doyle, J R

1987-11-01

397

The Ocean and Occupational Health  

PubMed Central

With the increase in offshore industrial operations, more needs to be known about health and safety of workers in such industries. Some general principles of occupational health apply; some special situations, such as depth diving, demand special knowledge and facilities. Equipment used also brings its own hazards. This article outlines the scope of health and safety concerns for those physicians whose patients work on or in the ocean. Imagesp1137-a

Prossin, Albert

1983-01-01

398

Occupational hazards facing orthopedic surgeons.  

PubMed

Physicians are exposed to occupational hazards of which they are often unaware. Orthopedic surgery has a particularly hazardous work environment in which surgeons are at increased risk for exposure to infection, radiation, smoke, chemicals, excessive noise, musculoskeletal injuries, as well as emotional and psychological disturbances. Understanding these risks and the precautions that can be taken to avoid them will help protect orthopedic surgeons from potential harm. PMID:22530210

Lester, J D; Hsu, S; Ahmad, C S

2012-03-01

399

Occupational Surveillance for Spaceflight Exposures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the importance of longterm occupational health surveillance of astronauts after exposure to the possible hazards of spaceflight. Because there is not much information about long term effects of spaceflight on human health, it is important to identify some of the possible results of exposure to the many possible factors that can influence longterm health impacts. This surveillance also allows for NASA to meet the obligation to care for the astronauts for their lifetime.

Tarver, William J.

2010-01-01

400

Occupational safety among dental health-care workers  

PubMed Central

Compared to other health-care workers, dental health-care workers come in close contact with patients and use a variety of sharp and high-speed rotating instruments. It is important to understand the characteristics of the occupational accidents that occur. We reviewed incident reports from April 1, 2005, to March 31, 2010, at Matsumoto Dental University Hospital. In addition, questionnaires dealing with identification of occupational safety issues, especially splash exposures, were conducted for dentists, dental hygienists, and nurses. Thirty-two occupational injuries were reported during the study period, including 23 sharp instrument injuries (71.9%), 6 splash exposures (18.8%), and 3 others. Of the six splash exposures, only two cases involved potential contamination with blood or other potentially infectious patient material. Of the 66 workers who experienced sharps injuries, 20 workers (30.3%, 20/66) reported them to the hospital work safety team. The questionnaire revealed high incident of splash exposures and conjunctiva exposures: 87.9% (51/58) and 60.3% (35/58) in dentists and 88.6% (39/44) and 61.4% (27/44) in dental hygienists. The compliance rate for routine use of protective eyewear was 60.3% (35/58) for dentists and 34.1% (15/44) for hygienists. Of the presented informational items included in the questionnaire, those that strongly persuaded respondents to use protective eyewear were ‘splatters from the patient’s mouth contain blood’ (90%, 99/110) and ‘dental operations at our clinic are performed based only on a questionnaire without serious examinations for HBV, HCV, and HIV’ (71.8%, 79/110). The reason of low compliance of protective eyewear among dentists might relate to fine dental procedures. Appropriate information is important for the motive of wearing personal protective equipment, and an early educational program may have a potential to increase compliance with the use of that equipment.

Shimoji, Shigehiro; Ishihama, Kohji; Yamada, Hidefumi; Okayama, Masaki; Yasuda, Kouichi; Shibutani, Tohru; Ogasawara, Tadashi; Miyazawa, Hiroo; Furusawa, Kiyofumi

2010-01-01

401

The scope and specific criteria of compensation for occupational diseases in Korea.  

PubMed

The range of diseases covered by workers' compensation is constantly expanding. However, new regulations are required for the recognition of occupational diseases (ODs) because OD types evolve with changes in industrial structures and working conditions. OD criteria are usually based on medical relevance, but they vary depending on the social security system and laws of each country. In addition, the proposed range and extent of work-relatedness vary depending on the socio-economic conditions of each country. The Labor Standards Act (LSA) and the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act (IACIA) of Korea employ lists based on their requirements without listing causes and diseases separately. Despite a considerable reshuffle in 2003, the basic framework has been maintained for 50 yr, and many cases do not fit into the international disease classification system. Since July 1, 2013, Korea has expanded the range of occupational accidents to include occupational cancers and has implemented revised LSA and IACIA enforcement decrees. There have been improvements to OD recognition standards with the inclusion of additional or modified criteria, a revised and improved classification scheme for risk factors and ODs, and so on. PMID:25006322

Song, Jaechul; Kim, Inah; Choi, Byung-Soon

2014-06-01

402

Chainat: a case study in occupational health and safety promotion for farmers.  

PubMed

The high rates of occupationally related injuries, accidents, and deaths in rural Thailand are of particular concern to public health officials, as well as the residents and workers living in these areas. In response to specific concerns raised by local residents and local health officials in Chainat Province, Thailand, the Work Improvement in Neighborhood Development (WIND) programme was introduced and implemented by means of the local Primary Care Unit (PCU). The objective was to improve farmers' knowledge of methods to improve occupational safety and to reduce the occurrence of occupationally related injuries, accidents, and deaths in the area. Local farmers, public health officers, and health volunteers from the PCU played a primary role in the programme, serving as trainers in the initial training of trainer session. Major activities included visiting a local farm to carry out a check-list improvement activity and active discussion among participants about potential improvements. Following the implementation of WIND in Chainat, a number of significant improvements in work conditions were noted, including construction of resting corners, plans to build toilets in the fields, improved knowledge about the dangers of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and increased use of personal protective equipment. Furthermore, participants began making organic fertilizer and had independently developed an organic anti-snail pesticide. This integrative approach, achieved by including many different members of the community, in combination with government support and diligent follow-up, has proved to be particularly successful. PMID:16610542

Arphorn, Sara; Brooks, Richard; Permsirivanich, Panupun

2006-01-01

403

Pancreatic cancer and occupational exposures.  

PubMed

We conducted a nationwide case-control study in Finland to identify occupational risk factors for pancreatic cancer. We constructed the occupational exposure histories for 595 incident cases of primary exocrinic cancer of the pancreas and of 1,622 cancer controls, using three different methods. We found elevated odds ratios (OR) for ionizing radiation [OR = 4.3; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.6-11.4], nonchlorinated solvents (OR = 1.6-1.8), and pesticides (OR = 1.7; 95% CI = 0.8-3.4). Asbestos, chromates, cleaning agents, waxes, polishes, and most other exposures were not meaningfully associated with pancreatic cancer. Inorganic dust containing crystalline silica (OR = 2.0; 95% CI = 1.2-3.5), heat stress (OR = 2.2; 95% CI = 0.8-6.6), and rubber chemicals including acrylonitrile (OR = 2.1; 95% CI = 0.9-4.7) emerged as previously unsuspected risk factors. Occupational exposure probably has a small role in the etiology of pancreatic cancer in the present-day industrialized or postindustrial work environment. PMID:8562625

Kauppinen, T; Partanen, T; Degerth, R; Ojajärvi, A

1995-09-01

404

Occupational exposure and malignant lymphoma.  

PubMed

The incidence of malignant lymphoma, especially non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has increased over the last few decades. This statement is true despite the fact that methods for diagnosing malignant lymphoma have changed and misclassification has become a problem. The present review is mainly concerned with occupational aspects of malignant lymphoma. Several subsequent studies have dealt with malignant lymphoma among woodworkers and pulp and paper mill workers pointing to increased risks. Exposure to phenoxy herbicides have provided reasonable evidence to be connected with an increased risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, whereas there is limited information regarding Hodgkin's disease. The relationship between solvent exposure and malignant lymphoma has been observed in a great number of studies. It is, however, still hard to identify specific solvent compounds responsible for the increased risk. Other occupational exposures i.e. wood preservatives, welding, asbestos, hair dyes and exposure to animal viruses among meatworkers and veterinarians have also been studied in relation to malignant lymphoma. This review shows that occupational factors, especially exposure to solvents and phenoxy herbicides and also to wood, play a role in the epidemiology of malignant lymphoma. PMID:9117190

Persson, B

1996-01-01

405

Occupational Lymphohematopoietic Cancer in Korea  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to review the existing studies on lymphohematopoietic (LHP) cancer in Korea, estimate the prevalence of workers exposed to carcinogens, and determine the population attributable fraction (PAF) of leukemia. Two case series and 4 case reports were reviewed. Using official statistics, the prevalence of benzene exposure and ionizing radiation exposure was estimated. Based on the prevalence of exposure and the relative risk, The PAF of leukemia was calculated. Between 1996 and 2005, 51 cases of LHP cancer were reported from the compensation system. Greater than 50% of occupational LHP cancer was leukemia, and the most important cause was benzene. In a cohort study, the standardized incidence ratio was 2.71 (95% CI, 0.56-7.91). The prevalence of exposure was 2.5% and 2.2% in 1995 and 2000, respectively. Using the 1995 prevalence, 3.6-4.8% and 0.1% of cases with leukemia were attributable to benzene and ionizing radiation exposure, respectively, which resulted in 39.7-51.4 cases per year. Benzene is the most important cause of occupational leukemia in Korea. Considering the estimated PAF in this study, the annual number of occupational LHP cancer (51 cases during 10-yr period), might be underreported within the compensation system.

Lee, Won Jin; Son, Mia; Kang, Seong-Kyu

2010-01-01

406

Sound localization and occupational noise  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of occupational noise on sound localization in different spatial planes and frequencies among normal hearing firefighters. METHOD: A total of 29 adults with pure-tone hearing thresholds below 25 dB took part in the study. The participants were divided into a group of 19 firefighters exposed to occupational noise and a control group of 10 adults who were not exposed to such noise. All subjects were assigned a sound localization task involving 117 stimuli from 13 sound sources that were spatially distributed in horizontal, vertical, midsagittal and transverse planes. The three stimuli, which were square waves with fundamental frequencies of 500, 2,000 and 4,000 Hz, were presented at a sound level of 70 dB and were randomly repeated three times from each sound source. The angle between the speaker's axis in the same plane was 45°, and the distance to the subject was 1 m. RESULT: The results demonstrate that the sound localization ability of the firefighters was significantly lower (p<0.01) than that of the control group. CONCLUSION: Exposure to occupational noise, even when not resulting in hearing loss, may lead to a diminished ability to locate a sound source.

de Lemos Menezes, Pedro; de Andrade, Kelly Cristina Lira; Tenorio Lins Carnauba, Aline; Cabral, Frantania B.; de Carvalho Leal, Mariana; Desgualdo Pereira, Liliane

2014-01-01

407

Accident/Mishap Investigation System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

InvestigationOrganizer (IO) is a Web-based collaborative information system that integrates the generic functionality of a database, a document repository, a semantic hypermedia browser, and a rule-based inference system with specialized modeling and visualization functionality to support accident/mishap investigation teams. This accessible, online structure is designed to support investigators by allowing them to make explicit, shared, and meaningful links among evidence, causal models, findings, and recommendations.

Keller, Richard; Wolfe, Shawn; Gawdiak, Yuri; Carvalho, Robert; Panontin, Tina; Williams, James; Sturken, Ian

2007-01-01

408

Occupational Asthma and Its Relationship to Occupational Rhinitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational asthma (OA) is a type of bronchial asthma caused by the workplace, and it accounts for 10-15% of adult asthma.\\u000a \\u000a Two types of OA are distinguished: allergic OA that occurs after a latency period, and non-allergic OA characterized by the\\u000a absence of a latency period, also defined as irritant-induced OA.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a A wide spectrum of agents both high molecular weight

Gianna Moscato; Eugenia Galdi

409

1985 Residential Occupant Survey-Telephone  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the survey was to collect information from residential occupants related to the use and conservation of electrical energy in Pacific Northwest residences. This report documents the development, implementation, and results of the survey. For most of the residences in the survey, information was collected on the thermal integrity of the residence; the capital stock of electrical equipment and appliances used by the occupants; various energy-use related behaviors such as conservation measures undertaken, the use of wood burning equipment, indoor temperature settings, and day-to-day occupancy patterns; the occupants' attitudes about electricity prices; and various demographic indices such as the age, sex, and education of the occupants. For some residences, information also was collected on the age and size of the residence; the space and water heating fuels used in the residence; and the number and income of the occupants.

Darwin, D.F.; Ivey, D.L.; Klan, M.S.; Shankle, S.A.; Mohler, B.L.

1986-07-01

410

MELCOR analysis of the TMI-2 accident  

SciTech Connect

The MELCOR computer code has been used to analyze the first 174 minutes of the TMI-2 accident. MELCOR is being developed at Sandia National Laboratories for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission for the purpose of analyzing severe accidents in nuclear power plants. Comparison of the code predictions to the available data shows that MELCOR is capable of modeling the key events of the TMI-2 accident and reasonable agreement with the available data is obtained. In particular, the core degradation and hydrogen generation models agree with best-estimate information available for this phase of the accident. While the code uses simplified modeling, all important characteristics of the reactor system and the accident phenomena could be modeled. This exercise demonstrates that MELCOR is applicable to severe accident analysis. 6 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

Boucheron, E.A.; Kelly, J.E.

1988-01-01

411

Occupational injury in the French sea fishing industry: a comparative study between the 1980s and today.  

PubMed

This study aims at comparing two data bases related to occupational injuries in the French sea fishing industry: a data base created between 1977 and 1980, a data base created between 1996 and 2001. These bases were made from report forms filled out by fishermen after an accident. The study focuses on the accidents occurring when the vessel is in the process of fishing. In the 1980s, as well as today, the processing of fishing gear seems to be a very dangerous task, correlated with the risk of being "struck by, swept along, pinned" by the elements of the rigging and the risk of serious injuries. The processing and handling of the catch also cause a large amount of accidents; during these tasks, fishermen have to cope with two main risks: being "cut or pricked" and making an "excessive effort, awkward movement". Rate and features of occupational accidents do not show notable evolution. These findings lead us to question the different prevention measures implemented in France during the last few decades and to propose new prevention direction. PMID:16962060

Chauvin, Christine; Le Bouar, Gilbert

2007-01-01

412

Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy after automobile accident  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 53-year-old woman was involved in a traffic accident while driving her car. She had chest oppressive sensation 6 h after the accident, and was admitted to our hospital.On admission, she had no external injury. She was fully conscious, and felt anxiety about the accident. Twelve-lead electrocardiogram showed mild ST-segment elevation in leads II, III, aVF and V2-5. Chest X-ray did

Satoshi Kurisu; Ichiro Inoue; Takuji Kawagoe; Masaharu Ishihara; Yuji Shimatani; Yasuharu Nakama; Keisuke Ohkawa; Tatsuya Maruhashi; Eisuke Kagawa; Kazuoki Dai; Toshiyuki Aokage

2007-01-01

413

Occupational risk for hematological malignancies.  

PubMed

A case-control study was conducted in 620 cases of hematological malignancies and in 1,240 age- and sex-matched controls in order to verify the possible association between occupation, toxic substances exposure, and the risk of hematological neoplasias. The results demonstrate that farmers and industrial workers have a significant risk for hematological malignancies. Exposure to asbestos, aromatic hydrocarbons, fertilizers, mineral oils, pesticides, and radiations is associated with a significant increase in the risk for these malignant diseases. These data are in agreement with previously reported data, and require a confirmation in larger, prospective studies. PMID:1951308

Pasqualetti, P; Casale, R; Colantonio, D; Collacciani, A

1991-10-01

414

Occupational risk for laryngeal cancer  

SciTech Connect

In a case-control analysis, we studied the effects of type of employment on laryngeal cancer risk using the interview data from the Third National Cancer Survey. Effects were measured relative to the risk for those employed in a group of arbitrarily defined industries and occupations with low risk. We excluded females and controlled for age, tobacco use, alcohol use, and race in the analysis. We found ratio estimates above 3.0 for workers in the railroad industry and the lumber industry; and for sheetmetal workers, grinding wheel operators, and automobile mechanics.

Flanders, W.D.; Rothman, K.J.

1982-04-01

415

Occupational risk for laryngeal cancer.  

PubMed

In a case-control analysis, we studied the effects of type of employment on laryngeal cancer risk using the interview data from the Third National Cancer Survey. Effects were measured relative to the risk for those employed in a group of arbitrarily defined industries and occupations with low risk. We excluded females and controlled for age, tobacco use, alcohol use, and race in the analysis. We found ratio estimates above 3.0 for workers in the railroad industry and the lumber industry; and for sheetmetal workers, grinding wheel operators, and automobile mechanics. PMID:7065314

Flanders, W D; Rothman, K J

1982-04-01

416

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IN DISASTER RESTORATION ACTIVITY AFTER SOME MAJOR EARTHQUAKES  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Occupational safety and health in disaster restoration activity following the Great Hanshin Earthquake (1995), Niigata Chuetsu Earthquake (2004), Niigata Chuetsu-oki Earthquake (2007) Great East Japan Earthquake (2011) were analyzed and characterized in order to raise awareness on the risks and hazards in such work. In this scenario, the predominant type of accident is a "fall" which increases mainly due to the fact that labourers are working to repair houses and buildings. On the other hand, landslides were prevalent in the Niigata Chuetsu Earthquake, resulting in more accidents occurring during geotechnical works rather than in buildings construction works. In the abnormal conditions that characterize recovery activities, when safety and health measures have a tendency to be neglected, it is important to reinstate adequate measures as soon as possible by carrying out the usial risk assessments.

Toyosawa, Yasuo; Itoh, Kazuya; Kikkawa, Naotaka

417

Aircraft Accident Reports - Brief Format, U.S. Civil Aviation, Issue Number 2 of 1981 Accidents.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication contains selected aircraft accident reports, in brief format, occurring in U.S. civil aviation operations during calendar year 1981. The 299 General Aviation accidents contained in this publication represent a random selection. This public...

1982-01-01

418

Aircraft Accident Reports - Brief Format, U.S. Civil Aviation, Issue Number 4 of 1981 Accidents.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication contains selected aircraft accident reports, in brief format, occurring in U.S. civil aviation operations during calendar year 1981. The 297 General Aviation accidents contained in this publication represent a random selection. This public...

1982-01-01

419

Aircraft Accidents Reports, Brief Format, U.S. Civil Aviation Issue Number 13 of 1979 Accidents.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication contains selected aircraft accident reports, in brief format, occurring in U.S. civil aviation operations during calendar year 1979. The 300 General Aviation accidents contained in this publication represent a random selection. This publi...

1981-01-01

420

COMMERCIAL SNF ACCIDENT RELEASE FRACTIONS  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this design analysis is to specify and document the total and respirable fractions for radioactive materials that are released from an accident event at the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR) involving commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF) in a dry environment. The total and respirable release fractions will be used to support the preclosure licensing basis for the MGR. The total release fraction is defined as the fraction of total CSNF assembly inventory, typically expressed as an activity inventory (e.g., curies), of a given radionuclide that is released to the environment from a waste form. The radionuclides are released from the inside of breached fuel rods (or pins) and from the detachment of radioactive material (crud) from the outside surfaces of fuel rods and other components of fuel assemblies. The total release fraction accounts for several mechanisms that tend to retain, retard, or diminish the amount of radionuclides that are available for transport to dose receptors or otherwise can be shown to reduce exposure of receptors to radiological releases. The total release fraction includes a fraction of airborne material that is respirable and could result in inhalation doses. This subset of the total release fraction is referred to as the respirable release fraction. Potential accidents may involve waste forms that are characterized as either bare (unconfined) fuel assemblies or confined fuel assemblies. The confined CSNF assemblies at the MGR are contained in shipping casks, canisters, or disposal containers (waste packages). In contrast to the bare fuel assemblies, the container that confines the fuel assemblies has the potential of providing an additional barrier for diminishing the total release fraction should the fuel rod cladding breach during an accident. However, this analysis will not take credit for this additional bamer and will establish only the total release fractions for bare unconfined CSNF assemblies, which may however be conservatively applied to confined CSNF assemblies.

S.O. Bader

1999-10-18

421

The lived political economy of occupational overuse syndrome among New Zealand workers.  

PubMed

In New Zealand, as in other industrialised nations, rates of work-related gradual onset injuries increased during the 1980s and 1990s. The perspectives and experiences of workers suffering what became known as occupational overuse injuries in New Zealand offer insights into local lived political economies. Here, we explore the dominant metaphor, 'battling', in participants' narratives. On the face of it, battles were fought over diagnoses, over occupational health and safety in the workplace, and over entitlements to therapy and income compensation. However, participants were also battling to maintain their identities as hard workers, while resisting and challenging normalising technologies of self and morally charged negative identities offered them by employers, state-funded accident and injury insurance agencies, and the medical profession. Inherent in their narratives is a critique of the neo-liberal capitalist political economy that allows workers' bodies to be exploited (and sacrificed) for employers' profits. PMID:20663098

Jaye, Chrystal; Fitzgerald, Ruth

2010-11-01

422

Occupancy sensor and method of operating same  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A multiple sensing technology-based occupancy sensor. Ultrasonic and infrared sensors are used to produce first and second occupancy estimator signals that are combined using a fusion based detection algorithm to produce a combined estimator signal. The combined estimator is then used to switch electrical loads when the combined estimator signal is above a predetermined threshold. The result is an occupancy sensor that has a very high probability of occupancy detection and a low probability of false tripping. In addition, infrared sensitivity is adjusted based upon an estimation of the background noise in order to minimize the occurrence of false tripping.

2000-06-20

423

[Etiology, epidemiology, biology. Occupational respiratory cancers].  

PubMed

Lung cancer and pleural mesothelioma are the most common occupational cancers. Recent epidemiological studies have estimated that the fraction attributable to occupational factors varies from 13 to 29% for lung cancer in men and is about 85% for pleural mesothelioma in men. Previous occupational exposure to asbestos is the most common occupational exposure in these cancers. Mesothelioma immediately leads the clinician to look for past asbestos exposure. In contrast, the search for an occupational exposure that should be routine in all cases of lung cancer, is generally more difficult because of the number of occupational aetiological factors and the absence of criteria that allow distinction of an occupational cancer from a tobacco related one. Therefore attention should be paid to the identification of occupational exposure in order to set up primary prevention programmes to prevent exposure still present in the working environment and, on the other hand, to identify the subjects entitled to the acknowledgement of occupational disease and/or to obtain the compensation available to asbestos victims. PMID:18971823

Pairon, J-C; Andujar, P; Matrat, M; Ameille, J

2008-10-01

424

Information Profiles on Potential Occupational Hazards: Trimethylbenzenes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information on potential occupational hazards from hemimellitene (526738), pseudocumene (95636), and mesitylene (108678) was reviewed. Topics discussed included chemical and physical properties, production, use, manufacturers and distributors, manufacturi...

1981-01-01

425

Italian occupational health: concepts, conflicts, implications.  

PubMed Central

This paper examines Italy's worker-based model for occupational health, especially its key concepts and its relation to social conflict. It briefly reviews the history of three approaches to occupational health in Italy: university-based, industry-based, and government-based. It then analyzes the worker-based approach, which emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s as worker groups and trade unions mobilized around new concepts of occupational health. Five key concepts are discussed: the workers' homogeneous group; workers' subjectivity; the use of contract language; the development of local occupational health institutions; and the use of occupational hazard risk maps. The analysis illustrates how the social processes of mobilization and institutionalization affected the ideas and structures of Italian occupational health. Worker mobilization in Italy produced ideological changes in the nation's occupational health system, institutional changes in universities and governments, and legislative changes at national and local levels. The institutionalization of reforms, however, created new conflicts and problems and tended to restrict worker participation and promote expert intervention. The paper concludes with a brief outline of the history of occupational health approaches in the United States and then discusses the implications of the five Italian concepts for US occupational health policy.

Reich, M R; Goldman, R H

1984-01-01

426

Thermal hydraulic features of the TMI accident  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Three Mile island (TMI)-2 accident resulted in extensive core damage and recent data confirms that the reactor vessel was challenged from molten core materials. A hypothesized TMI accident scenario is presented that consistently explains the TMI data and is also consistent with research findings from independent severe fuel damage experiments. The TMI data will prove useful in confirming our understanding of severe core damage accidents under realistic reactor systems conditions. This understanding will aid in addressing safety and regulatory issues related to severe core damage accidents in light water reactors.

Tolman, B.

1985-10-01

427

The determinants of fishing vessel accident severity.  

PubMed

The study examines the determinants of fishing vessel accident severity in the Northeastern United States using vessel accident data from the U.S. Coast Guard for 2001-2008. Vessel damage and crew injury severity equations were estimated separately utilizing the ordered probit model. The results suggest that fishing vessel accident severity is significantly affected by several types of accidents. Vessel damage severity is positively associated with loss of stability, sinking, daytime wind speed, vessel age, and distance to shore. Vessel damage severity is negatively associated with vessel size and daytime sea level pressure. Crew injury severity is also positively related to the loss of vessel stability and sinking. PMID:24473412

Jin, Di

2014-05-01

428

Systematics of Reconstructed Process Facility Criticality Accidents  

SciTech Connect

The systematics of the characteristics of twenty-one criticality accidents occurring in nuclear processing facilities of the Russian Federation, the United States, and the United Kingdom are examined. By systematics the authors mean the degree of consistency or agreement between the factual parameters reported for the accidents and the experimentally known conditions for criticality. The twenty-one reported process criticality accidents are not sufficiently well described to justify attempting detailed neutronic modeling. However, results of classic hand calculations confirm the credibility of the reported accident conditions.

Pruvost, N.L.; McLaughlin, T.P.; Monahan, S.P.

1999-09-19

429

Occupational illnesses from cholinesterase-inhibiting pesticides among agricultural applicators in California, 1982-1985.  

PubMed

California pesticide illness investigation reports involving toxicity category I or II organophosphate and carbamate pesticide exposures among agricultural pesticide applicators were reviewed for the years 1982-1985. The pesticides associated with each illness were recorded, and the exposures were classified as chronic, short-term, or accidental. Illnesses were associated with a range of pesticides, including both organophosphates and carbamates in both toxicity categories I and II. Approximately 19% of the illnesses were due to accidents. Overall, the analysis identified a need for improving occupational health surveillance and the regulations governing worker health and safety. PMID:2916853

Brown, S K; Ames, R G; Mengle, D C

1989-01-01

430

The effect of roof strength on reducing occupant injury in rollovers.  

PubMed

Roof crush occurs and potentially contributes to serious or fatal occupant injury in 26% of rollovers. It is likely that glazing retention is related to the degree of roof crush experienced in rollover accidents. Occupant ejection (including partial ejection) is the leading cause of death and injury in rollover accidents. In fatal passenger car accidents involving ejection, 34% were ejected through the side windows. Side window glass retention during a rollover is likely to significantly reduce occupant ejections. The inverted drop test methodology is a test procedure to evaluate the structural integrity of roofs under loadings similar to those seen in real world rollovers. Recent testing on many different vehicle types indicates that damage consistent with field rollover accidents can be achieved through inverted drop testing at very small drop heights. Drop test comparisons were performed on 16 pairs of vehicles representing a large spectrum of vehicle types. Each vehicle pair includes a production vehicle and a vehicle with a reinforced roof structure dropped under the same test conditions. This paper offers several examples of post-production reinforcements to roof structures that significantly increase the crush resistance of the roof as measured by inverted drop tests. These modifications were implemented with minimal impact on vehicle styling, interior space and visual clearances. The results of these modifications indicate that roof crush can be mitigated by nearly an order of magnitude, as roof crush was reduced by 44-91% with only a 1-2.3% increase in vehicle weight. Additionally, this paper analyzes the glazing breakage patterns in the moveable tempered side windows on the side adjacent to the vehicle impact point in the inverted drop tests. A comparison is made between the production vehicles and the reinforced vehicles in order to determine if the amount roof crush is related to glazing integrity in the side windows. Lastly, two drop test pairs, performed with Hybrid III test dummies, indicates that the reduction of roof crush resulted in a direct reduction in neck loading and therefore an increase in occupant protection. PMID:15850089

Herbst, Brian; Forrest, Steve; Orton, Tia; Meyer, Steven E; Sances, Anthony; Kumaresan, Srirangam

2005-01-01

431

NASA technical advances in aircraft occupant safety. [clear air turbulence detectors, fire resistant materials, and crashworthiness  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's aviation safety technology program examines specific safety problems associated with atmospheric hazards, crash-fire survival, control of aircraft on runways, human factors, terminal area operations hazards, and accident factors simulation. While aircraft occupants are ultimately affected by any of these hazards, their well-being is immediately impacted by three specific events: unexpected turbulence encounters, fire and its effects, and crash impact. NASA research in the application of laser technology to the problem of clear air turbulence detection, the development of fire resistant materials for aircraft construction, and to the improvement of seats and restraint systems to reduce crash injuries are reviewed.

Enders, J. H.

1978-01-01

432

Early secondary prevention of occupational skin disease in Germany: the dermatologist's procedure in perspective.  

PubMed

The dermatologist's procedure was introduced in 1972 as a "procedure of early detection of occupational skin disease" by industrial, agricultural and public-sector employers' liability insurance funds of Germany's statutory occupational accident insurance. To date, it represents the most relevant tool for secondary prevention in industrial dermatology in Germany. According to the intention of this procedure, insured parties who are likely to have an occupational skin disease have to be offered preventive measures and, if necessary, given appropriate treatment to avoid job-loss. In co-operation with the Central Federation of the Industrial Professional Associations, the Task Force on Occupational and Environmental Dermatology of the German Dermatological Society, and the Professional Organisation of German Dermatologists, a study group was constituted in 1999 to improve the traditional dermatologist's procedure. In October 2002 a controlled intervention study was started in North-western Germany to establish the definitive value of the "optimised" dermatologist's procedure. Past, present, and future of this specific procedure are discussed. PMID:14618333

Dickel, H; Kuss, O; John, S M; Blome, O; Hagemann, K H; Schwanitz, H J

2004-02-01

433

Biomechanical injury evaluation of laminated side door windows and sunroof during rollover accidents.  

PubMed

Significantly more fatalities and serious injuries occur due to ejection in roll over accidents. The present study was conducted to determine the occupant retention and head-neck injury potential aspects of laminated glass in side door windows and sunroofs during roll over accidents. The test protocol for this study was based on National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) studies for advanced glazing. The impact study of 18 kg with head-neck form was conducted on laminated glass of side doors and sunroofs from production vehicles. The drop speed was varied from 11 to 16 kph. The Hybrid III 50% male dummy head-neck form was impacted on the approximately center of the glass portion of the windows. The head injury criteria, head resultant acceleration, and neck loads and moments were quantified. A series of drop tests were conducted on roll down side windows with laminated glass. The head-neck biomechanical parameters were well below the critical value injury tolerance limits. Results indicated that the glass contained the dummy assembly and the head-neck biomechanical parameters were below the critical value injury tolerance limits in simulated rollover accidents. The present study demonstrates that head-neck injury is unlikely due to laminated glass side windows and sunroof laminated glass used in production vehicles during rollover accidents and that the dummy is contained by the laminated glazing. PMID:12724901

Sances, Anthony; Kumaresan, Srirangam; Carlin, Fred; Friedman, Keith; Meyer, Steve

2003-01-01

434

[A survey of accidents during the clinical rotation of students in a nursing degree program].  

PubMed

Like Registered Nurses, students too should be considered a risk category during the period of their clinical training. Their lack of experience and the anxiety linked to the first impact with healthcare techniques may lead to accidents. The present study aims to investigate the number, the type, the mode, the cause of occupational injuries, when and where they happened. It also wants to check the level of knowledge of procedures to follow in case of contamination with organic material, the reporting of the event, the level of concern felt by the student and which of the people he/she turned to were supportive. The survey realized through a questionnaire given to 142 undergraduate nursing students at the University of Milan, all attending the Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan. Out of the 127 who replied to the questionnaire, 32 had been directly involved in a total of 38 accidents. The figure shows percentage (25.2%) stating that the sample of nursing students described arises at a lower level of involvement in accidents than reported in the literature for similar series. Preventive measures and specific formative interventions should be implemented in order to reduce the incidence of accidents involving nursing students, especially where cutting devices are used. PMID:24665625

Galazzi, Alessandro; Rancati, Stefania; Milos, Roberto

2014-01-01

435

Biorhythmic Cycles and the Incidence of Industrial Accidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The biorhythm theory of accident explanation that has been increasingly popularized in the business press was empirically examined. Municipal employees involved in work-related vehicular accidents and in on-the-job accidents provided the data. Each accident was analyzed to determine whether or not the accident occurred on a biorhythmically…

Carvey, Davis W.; Nibler, Roger G.

1977-01-01

436

75 FR 10629 - Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Occupational Safety and Health Administration Federal Advisory Council on Occupational Safety and Health; Notice Federal Register...Occupational Safety and Health AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health...

2010-03-08

437

Occupational Therapy and Older Drivers: Research, Education, and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational therapists facilitate independence and support participation in occupations that are personally meaningful to clients to enhance well-being and quality of life. Among the occupations addressed by occupational therapists is the instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) of driving. Occupational therapists are particularly concerned with older adult engagement in driving because of the vital contributions driving and community mobility make

Wendy B. Stav

2008-01-01

438

Explicit and Implicit Methods in Psychosocial Occupational Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sometimes the goal of a psychosocial occupational therapy intervention is not obvious for someone observing the process, and this may lead to misunderstandings as to the targeted outcomes for various occupational therapy methods. Summarizing features found in psychosocial occupational therapy practice, in textbooks, and in occupational therapy models, this paper proposes a simple structure for characterizing psychosocial occupational therapy interventions

Mona Eklund

2002-01-01

439

[Analysis of occupational morbidity and ways of further improving occupational therapy in Leningrad region].  

PubMed

Retrospective clinical and epidemiologic analysis covered occupational diseases in Leningrad region. Findings are that over recent years a tendency to lower number of primarily diagnosed occupational diseases continues. The authors justify necessity to work out the programs on prevention of occupational diseases in the region. PMID:24745179

Shvalyov, O V; Kolesova, E B; Gorbanev, S A; Polkanova, E K; Balunov, V D; Kolesnikova, V A

2013-01-01

440

Occupational Wellbeing in a School Community--Staff's and Occupational Health Nurses' Evaluations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is part of an action research project titled "Promotion of School Community Staff's Occupational Wellbeing in Co-operation with Occupational Health Nurses" (2001-04), which aims to promote occupational wellbeing by actions that maintain the staff's ability to work in 12 school communities in Eastern Finland. This paper describes…

Saaranen, Terhi; Tossavainen, Kerttu; Turunen, Hannele; Vertio, Harri

2006-01-01

441

Further Assessments of a Three-Component Model of Occupational Commitment: Generalizability and Differences Across Occupations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors assessed the factor structure of J. P. Meyer, N. J. Allen, and C. A. Smith's (1993) measure of occupational commitment based on responses from 232 employees (166 men and 66 women) in a variety of occupations within a single organization. Confirmatory factor analysis suggested that 3 forms of occupational commitment are distinguishable (affective, continuance, and normative commitment) across

P. Gregory Irving; Daniel F. Coleman; Christine L. Cooper

1997-01-01

442

Framework Analysis: A Helpful Link Between Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intent: The qualitative analysis method called Framework Analysis will be presented and the case will be made, using illustrations from occupational science research conducted using that methodology, that this could be a fruitful link between occupational science and occupational therapy practice. Argument. Framework Analysis is a method originally developed in the context of applied policy research by Ritchie and Spencer

SullivanCatherineN

2009-01-01

443

The Relevance of Secondary Occupational Training in Agriculture to Occupational Patterns and Images. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To gather occupational follow-up data from secondary agricultural graduates and their employers as a basis for evaluation of occupational education programs and to develop a procedural follow-up model, self-administered questionnaires were obtained from 430 graduates and 126 employers to ascertain occupational status, relevance of training,…

Berkey, Arthur L.; And Others

444

Modeling Occupancy Behavior for Energy Efficiency and Occupants Comfort Management in Intelligent Buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

We applied genetic programming algorithm to learn the behavior of an occupant in single person office based on motion sensor data. The learned rules predict the presence and absence of the occupant with 80%-83% accuracy on testing data from 5 different offices. The rules indicate that the following variables may influence occupancy behavior: 1) the day of week, 2) the

Tina Yu

2010-01-01

445

Occupational contact allergy to glyoxal.  

PubMed

Glyoxal is a dialdehyde that is used as a disinfectant in health care and dentistry work. Allergic contact dermatitis from glyoxal has been described in these occupations. We analysed our patient data from 1998 to 2004 for allergic reactions to glyoxal. 20 patients had allergic reactions to glyoxal on patch testing. 5 of these patients worked in dentistry and 4 of them had present exposure to glyoxal. 9 patients were machinists without obvious exposure to glyoxal. A grinder with work-related facial dermatitis is described in detail. The chemical analysis of air samples from his workplace revealed 9.4-21 microg/m3 glyoxal. Glyoxal was also present in the used metal-working fluid, and apparently it had been formed during grinding. The remaining 6 patients worked in miscellaneous occupations and had no present exposure to glyoxal. Glyoxal is irritant on patch testing. Especially, solitary reactions to glyoxal 10% in aq. may be false-positive irritant reactions. 9 (45%) of our patients reacted to formaldehyde or glutaraldehyde. Glyoxal is an important allergen in dentistry and medical care, and we recommend it to be added to the antimicrobial patch test series. It also seems to be a 'hidden' allergen in the metal industry. PMID:15899002

Aalto-Korte, Kristiina; Mäkelä, Erja A; Huttunen, Maria; Suuronen, Katri; Jolanki, Riitta

2005-05-01

446

Fibromyalgia: clinical and occupational aspects.  

PubMed

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a clinical syndrome commonly observed in daily medical practice and its etiopathogenesis is still unclear. As it is characterized by chronic musculoskeletal pain associated with several symptoms, FM may be confused with several other rheumatic and nonrheumatic diseases when they course with pictures of diffuse pain and chronic fatigue. FM treatment should be multidisciplinary, individualized, count on active participation of the patient, and based on combined pharmacological and nonpharmacological modalities. It is found both in work and non-work settings, and there is no scientific evidence in the literature showing that FM might be caused by occupation. FM seldom leads to incapacity to work. In cases where pain or fatigue do not respond to appropriate treatment, reaching significant levels, a short period away from work can be considered. As FM is a relevant subject, this review article was based on exploratory, qualitative, and bibliographic investigation, aiming to study the main clinical and occupational aspects of FM, emphasizing the theoretical-conceptual background and the experience of specialists. PMID:22735230

Helfenstein Jr, Milton; Goldenfum, Marco Aurélio; Siena, César Augusto Fávaro

2012-01-01

447

Fatal accident distribution by age, gender and head injury, and death probability at accident scene in Mashhad, Iran, 2006-2009.  

PubMed

Several studies have investigated road traffic deaths, but few have compared by road user type. Iran, with an estimated 44 road traffic deaths per 100,000 population in 2002 had higher road traffic deaths than any other country for which reliable estimates can be made. So, the present study was conducted on road death data and identified fatal accident distribution by age, gender and head injury as well as the influences of age and gender on deaths at accident scenes for all road user groups. Data used in this study are on fatal road accidents recorded by forensic medicine experts of the Khorasan Razavi province in Mashhad, the capital of the province, the second largest city and the largest place of pilgrimage, immigration and tourism in Iran. Chi-square test and odds ratio were used to identify the relation of death place with age and gender in 2495 fatal road accidents from 2006 to 2009. The t-test and analysis of variance were employed for continues variable, age, to compare males' and females' mean age for all road user categories. For two genders, all three groups of fatalities (pedestrian, motorcyclist and motor vehicle occupant) had a peak at the ages of 21-30. The youngest were male motorcyclists (mean age = 28). Old pedestrians were included in road deaths very much, too. Male/female overall ratio was 3.41 and the highest male/female ratio was related to motorcyclists (14). The overall ratio of head injury to other organ injuries (torso and underbody) was 2.51 and pedestrians had the largest amount of head injury (38.2%). Regarding death at accident scene, for all road users, gender did not have any significant relation with death at the scene (P-value > 0.1); on the contrary, age had significant relation (P-value < 0.05). Females were more vulnerable at accident scenes (male/female ratio at accident sense < 1). Pedestrians aged 21-30, motorcyclists 41-50 and motor vehicle occupants 31-40 died the most at accident scenes. Identifying the most endangered groups of road accident fatalities, which was conducted in this study, is invaluable for the appropriate design of prevention strategies and allocation of financial resources for each group of road user fatalities - since in developing nations, there are insufficient financial resources to traffic safety and we should consider superiorities, i.e. the most risky groups. Steps which may contribute to safety promotion for local conditions include suitable facilities for old pedestrians, a training course before obtaining motorcycle license for motorcyclists, informing young road users by provincial media about death risk of road users and improving management of the head-injured patients. Finally, suggestions for future researches were made. PMID:22681408

Zangooei Dovom, Hossein; Shafahi, Yousef; Zangooei Dovom, Mehdi

2013-01-01

448

Health Occupations Education. Survey of Critical Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of the members of the American Vocational Association-Health Occupations Education (AVA-HOE) was conducted to identify critical issues concerning health occupations, establish the order of priority of these issues, and determine a position regarding each issue that was reflective of the opinion of the AVA-HOE members. Each member of the…

American Vocational Association, Washington, DC. Health Occupations Education Div.

449

Marketing Management. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

450

Rural Health Occupations Model Project. Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Lee College (Baytown, Texas) Rural Health Occupations Model Project was designed to provide health occupations education tailored to disadvantaged, disabled, and/or limited-English-proficient high school students and adults and thereby alleviate the shortage of nurses and health care technicians in two rural Texas counties. A tech prep program…

Lee Coll., Baytown, TX.

451

An Interview with an Occupational Therapist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sharon Crane is a pediatric occupational therapist with over 20 years of experience working with children and families. "Zero to Three" interviews her to discuss how occupational therapy may move beyond a strictly therapeutic orientation toward services that address wellness and prevention. Crane has created programs for parents and…

Crane, Sharon

2005-01-01

452

Seminars on Occupational Clusters. A Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document on occupational clusters was developed from papers presented in staff seminars in the Bureau of Occupational and Adult Education and contains eight papers: Introduction to the World of Clustering, Sidney C. High; Cluster Curriculum Development, Elizabeth J. Simpson; the Cluster Concept, Development of Curricular Materials for the…

Bureau of Occupational and Adult Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Research and Demonstration.

453

Environmental Management. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

454

Health Occupations: Grade 8. Cluster II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum guide for grade 8, the document is devoted to the occupational cluster "Health Occupations." It is divided into four units: the hospital, preventive medicine, drug use and abuse, and alcohol and tobacco. Each unit is introduced by a statement of the topic, the unit's purpose, main ideas, quests, and a list of career opportunities…

Calhoun, Olivia H.

455

Home Economics Related Occupations Training Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A framework is provided for teacher use in coordinating related classroom instruction, vocational homemaking student career objectives, and planned training station learning experiences. The details were prepared and revised by students of Home Economics Related Occupations 585 at Indiana State University. Child care occupation plans include those…

Kupsinel, P., Ed.

456

An Analysis of the Turf Specialist Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the turf specialists occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Four duties are broken down into a number…

Altstadt, Ralph A.; And Others

457

Public Service Occupations: Grade 8. Cluster I  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum guide for grade 8, the document is devoted to the occupational cluster "Public Service Occupations." It is divided into six units: education, public utilities, community social and health services, law enforcement agencies, fire departments, and the postal system. Each unit is introduced by a statement of the topic, the unit's…

Calhoun, Olivia H.

458

The Changing Occupational Structure of Amish Males.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys of businesses and adult Amish males in Holmes and Wayne counties (Ohio) indicate that farming is declining as the primary occupation for Amish males and that the Amish occupational structure is becoming more complex as more Amish males work away from home. Possible impacts on Amish society, such as increased need for formal education, are…

Kreps, George M.; And Others

1994-01-01

459

Occupational and Job Mobility in the US  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new methodology to measure and to study worker mobility across occupations and jobs in US Census data at the monthly frequency. Our approach builds on two main ideas. First, we use the longitudinal dimension of matched monthly CPS files to evaluate each occupational transition in the context of the transitioning worker's employment history over four consecutive months.

Giuseppe Moscarini; Kaj Thomsson

2006-01-01

460

An Accountability Model for Occupational Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes briefly the nature of accountability theory and suggests how theory can be applied to occupational therapy practice. An accountability model based upon an education model is presented for occupational therapists who wish to design their own accountability plans. (Author/JA)

Dunning, R. Edward

1975-01-01

461

Occupational Investigation. Teacher's Handbook. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's handbook provides suggestions for organization and presentation of resource and instructional materials found in four occupational investigation guides available separately (see Note). Chapter 1 explains Texas Education Agency operations and the Occupational Investigation program and policies. Chapter 2 discusses public relations…

East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

462

An Analysis of the Industrial Mechanics Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the industrial mechanics occupation. A review of the contents will provide a guide for designing and organizing a curriculum for teaching skills and knowledge essential to an industrial mechanic. The…

Hall, Eugene J.; Turner, Raymond C.

463

An Analysis of the Machine Trades Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the machine trades occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Fifteen duties are broken down into a number…

Hall, Charles W.; Emory, Harold L.

464

An Analysis of the Dental Assisting Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the dental assistant occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Six duties are broken down into a number of…

Hough, Sharon L.; And Others

465

Occupational Safety and Health Curriculum Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the enactment of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, the need for manpower development in the field of industrial safety and hygiene has resulted in the development of a broad based program in Occupational Safety and Health. The manual provides information to administrators and instructors on a program of study in this field for…

Gourley, Frank A., Jr., Comp.

466

An Analysis of the Alteration Specialist Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the textile service occupation. The industry needs properly trained alteration specialists, bushelmen and dressmakers, in the repairing, remodeling, altering or renovating of garments. Their personal…

Buerkel, Elaine; Rehling, Joseph H.

467

An Analysis of the Industrial Sales Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the industrial sales occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Eight duties are broken down into a number…

Kitzmiller, Charles C.; And Others

468

Dental Assistant. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

469

Medical Assistant. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

470

The Relationship between Occupational Interests and Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A values characterization of the RIASEC occupational interest categories was developed using the U.S. Department of Labor's O*NET occupational data. Values profile plots were constructed for each interest category, then correspondence analysis and canonical correlation were carried out to assess the relationship between the interest and values…

Smith, Thomas J.; Campbell, Cynthia

2009-01-01

471

An Analysis of the Drafting Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the drafting occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Twelve duties are broken down into a number of…

Plescia, George W.; And Others

472

Industrial Instrument Mechanic. Occupational Analyses Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis covers tasks performed by an industrial instrument mechanic, an occupational title some provinces and territories of Canada have also identified as industrial instrumentation and instrument mechanic. A guide to analysis discusses development, structure, and validation method; scope of the occupation; trends; and safety. To facilitate…

Dean, Ann; Zagorac, Mike; Bumbaka, Nick

473

Agriculture Products Processing. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

474

Occupational poison ivy and oak dermatitis.  

PubMed

Among the growing and diverse groups of outdoor and environmental workers, poison ivy and poison oak continue to be the major cause of occupational contact dermatitis. This article reviews the practical and theoretic means to prevent poison ivy and poison oak dermatitis in workers occupationally exposed to these weeds. PMID:7923948

Epstein, W L

1994-07-01

475

Involvement of Occupational Therapy Departments in Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In nearly half of 107 occupational therapy departments in Quebec, occupational therapists participated in research, especially in university hospitals and rehabilitation centers. Most played the role of collaborator, paid evaluator, or research assistant. Research participation was facilitated by time allocation, administrative support, financial…

Majnemer, Annette; Desrosiers, Johanne; Gauthier, Jacques; Dutil, Elisabeth; Robichaud, Line; Rousseau, Jacqueline; Hebert, Lucie

2001-01-01

476

An Analysis of the Information Receptionist Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the information receptionist occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Ten duties are broken down into a…

Sams, Helen C.; Snyder, Lois M.

477

Coding Occupations According to Holland's Vocational Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The revision of the Strong Vocational Interest Blank (SVIB), the Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory (SCII), introduces Holland's theory of occupational types into the empirical structure of the SVIB. Emphasis on Holland's theory is evident throughout the SCII profile. Empirical coding of occupations was accomplished by: (1) scoring each of the…

Hansen, Jo-Ida C.

478

An Analysis of the Welding Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the welding occupation, It includes the basic manipulative skills and technical information in the following four areas: oxy/acetylene, electric arc, tungsten inert-gas arc, and metallic inert-arc welding.…

Pucci, Alex L; Reichel, George F.

479

An occupational choice model of crime switching  

Microsoft Academic Search

A quasi-linear, additively separable utility function is used to describe preferences between consumption and leisure and analyse occupational choice between one non-criminal and two criminal activities when individuals are heterogeneous in terms of their productivity. Occupational specialization takes place at the individual level according to their relative productivity in various activities. The aggregate amount of criminal activity features crime switching;

Erkki Koskela; Matti Viren

1997-01-01

480

Occupational asthma in a steel coating plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

An outbreak of occupational asthma, of unknown cause and extent, was detected in a steel coating plant. In 1979 a cross-sectional study which defined occupational asthma in terms of respiratory symptoms detected 21 people with suggestive symptoms among the 221 studied. They all worked in the coating shop, but the plastic coatings used at the plant contained many potential sensitising

K M Venables; M B Dally; P S Burge; C A Pickering; A J Newman Taylor

1985-01-01

481

Teaching Approaches and Occupational Therapy Psychoeducation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patient education has become an important feature of any treatment program. Psychoeducational procedures dominate the treatment used by occupational therapy practitioners in psychiatric rehabilitation. Occupational therapy literature frequently describes the content of psychoeducational programs but rarely examines the teaching approach therapists use in them. It is necessary, therefore, to begin carefully questioning how we are approaching psychoeducation and justifying it

Rene Padilla

2002-01-01

482

Occupational Therapy Assistants Program. Demonstration Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between November 1964 and June 1967, 85 women and five men completed a 4-month course held in several Wisconsin locations to prepare them as Certified Occupational Therapy Assistants to (1) plan and direct a general activity or supportive program of occupational therapy, (2) train individual patients in independent performance of activities of…

Wisconsin State Board of Health, Madison.

483

Health Occupations Cluster. Secondary Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide was designed for use in secondary health occupations education programs in Georgia. It provides a model for organizing vocational instructional content in health occupations, such as nurse, dental assistant, medical lab technician, radiologic technician, emergency medical technician, respiratory therapy assistant, medical…

Simpson, Bruce; And Others

484

Health Occupations: Clinical Rotations and Learning Packets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A one-year introductory course covering twelve different health occupations is presented in this curriculum guide designed for use at the secondary education level. Following a list of course objectives and suggested time allotments for each unit, the health occupations course outline is provided. Unit titles are the following: orientation and…

Perrine, Patricia

485

An Analysis of the Automotive Service Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the automotive service advisor occupation. The automotive service advisor is responsible primarily for sales and services and at the same time may be called upon to supervise other service center…

Winfrey, Prince J.; Morse, David L.

486

Occupational Mobility of Employed Workers. January 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A summary is presented of findings concerning occupational mobility based on data obtained in a supplement to the January 1973 Current Population Survey, conducted by the Bureau of the Census. Statistical data is offered in three tables, comparing occupational mobility between January 1972 and January 1973 of employed persons over 18: (1) by age…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

487

An Analysis of the Baking Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the baking occupation. Such tasks as choosing ingredients and the actual baking process are logical primary concerns, but also explored are the safety and sanitation factors and management problems in a…

Boyadjid, Thomas A; Paoletti, Donald J.

488

An Analysis of the Laboratory Assisting Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the laboratory assistant occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Eleven duties are broken down into a…

McGee, Patricia; And Others

489

Criminal Justice. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability skills (competencies)…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

490

The Occupation of the Undergraduate Sociology Major  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents data that were collected on the occupations of sociology major graduates between 1965 and 1972 of Southwest Texas State University. The principal occupations were social service, teaching, and secretarial positions. Suggestions are made for a review of the educational goals of undergraduate sociology instruction. (Author/DE)

Schultz, Clarence C.

1974-01-01

491

Occupant Classification System for Automotive Airbag Suppression  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of airbags into automobiles has significantly improved the safety of the occupants. Unfortunately, airbags can also cause fatal injuries if the occupant is a child smaller (in weight) than a typical 6 year old. In response to this, The National Highway Transportation and Safety Administration (NHTSA) has mandated that starting in the 2006 model year all automobiles be

Michael E. Farmer; Anil K. Jain

2003-01-01

492

Handle With Care: 10 Common School Accidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accidents, mishaps, injuries can happen in any classroom, cafeteria, gym, hallway, playground and the teacher is probably the first adult to arrive on the scene. These guidelines on how to respond to 10 common school accidents explain what steps to take. (Author/RK)

Bryer, Judith E.

1978-01-01

493

Electrical accidents in mining (1980-85)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Bureau of Mines has compiled data on the major causes of fatal and nonfatal electrical accidents relating to mining, and their associated costs, for the 1980-85 period. Specific electrical problem areas were identified, allowing future research to be focused on reducing the number of electrical accidents and injuries are provided. The four mining sectors for which data were

Oyler

1990-01-01

494

MELCOR analyses for accident progression issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of calculations performed with MELCOR and HECTR in support of the NUREG-1150 study are presented in this report. The analyses examined a wide range of issues. The analyses included integral calculations covering an entire accident sequence, as well as calculations that addressed specific issues that could affect several accident sequences. The results of the analyses for Grand Gulf, Peach