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1

Occupational accidents aboard merchant ships  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To investigate the frequency, circumstances, and causes of occupational accidents aboard merchant ships in international trade, and to identify risk factors for the occurrence of occupational accidents as well as dangerous working situations where possible preventive measures may be initiated. Methods: The study is a historical follow up on occupational accidents among crew aboard Danish merchant ships in the period 1993–7. Data were extracted from the Danish Maritime Authority and insurance data. Exact data on time at risk were available. Results: A total of 1993 accidents were identified during a total of 31 140 years at sea. Among these, 209 accidents resulted in permanent disability of 5% or more, and 27 were fatal. The mean risk of having an occupational accident was 6.4/100 years at sea and the risk of an accident causing a permanent disability of 5% or more was 0.67/100 years aboard. Relative risks for notified accidents and accidents causing permanent disability of 5% or more were calculated in a multivariate analysis including ship type, occupation, age, time on board, change of ship since last employment period, and nationality. Foreigners had a considerably lower recorded rate of accidents than Danish citizens. Age was a major risk factor for accidents causing permanent disability. Change of ship and the first period aboard a particular ship were identified as risk factors. Walking from one place to another aboard the ship caused serious accidents. The most serious accidents happened on deck. Conclusions: It was possible to clearly identify work situations and specific risk factors for accidents aboard merchant ships. Most accidents happened while performing daily routine duties. Preventive measures should focus on workplace instructions for all important functions aboard and also on the prevention of accidents caused by walking around aboard the ship. PMID:11850550

Hansen, H; Nielsen, D; Frydenberg, M

2002-01-01

2

Offshore oil and gas occupational accidents—What is important?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational accidents continue to present a problem to industry in general and the offshore oil and gas business in particular. To address this concern, a quantitative model capable of predicting occupational accident frequency in the offshore petroleum industry is being developed. The model offers a means to optimise safety spending, thereby maximising benefits to personnel and the organisation. As input

Daryl Attwood; Faisal Khan; Brian Veitch

2006-01-01

3

Fatal occupational accidents in Danish fishing vessels 1989-2005.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to study the circumstances and incidence rates of fatal accidents in inspection obligated and non-inspection obligated Danish fishing vessels to identify areas for prevention. Information about the fatalities came from maritime authority reports, including vessel disaster reports, post mortem reports, maritime inquiries and police reports. The person- and vessel years at risk came from the Danish Directorate of Fisheries. During the period 1989-2005, 114 fatalities occurred. Sixty-one of the fatalities occurred in 36 vessel disasters mainly caused by foundering/capsizing due to stability changes in rough weather and collisions; 39 fatal occupational accidents mainly occurred on the larger inspection obligated trawlers during fishing. In the remaining 14 other fatal accidents, the main causal factors were difficult embarking/disembarking conditions by darkness in foreign ports and alcohol intoxication. In the period 1995-2005, the overall incidence rate was 10 per 10,000 fishermen per year with no down-going trend during that period. The fatal accident rates are still too high, despite the efforts to reduce the risk. Increased focus on regular and repeated safety training for all fishermen and improved safety measures are needed, especially in the underscored areas of sea disasters concerning small vessels and occupational accidents on big vessels. Better registration of time at risk for fishermen is needed to validate the effect of the safety measures. PMID:18642168

Laursen, Lise H; Hansen, Henrik L; Jensen, Olaf C

2008-06-01

4

Occupational accidents in Russia and the Russian Arctic  

PubMed Central

Background According to official statistics, the rate of occupational accidents (OAs) and fatal injuries in Russia decreased about 5-fold and 2-fold, respectively, from 1975 to 2010, but working conditions during this period had the opposite trend; for example, the number of people who work in unfavourable and hazardous conditions (particularly since 1991) has increased significantly. Methods This review summarises the results of a search of the relevant peer-reviewed literature published in Russia and official statistics on OAs and occupational safety in Russia and the Russian Arctic in 1980–2010. Results The occupational safety system in Russia has severely deteriorated in the last 2 decades, with legislators tending to promote the interests of industry and business, resulting in the neglect of occupational safety and violation of workers’ rights. The majority of workers are employed in conditions that do not meet rules of safety and hygiene. More than 60% of OAs can be attributed to management practices – violation of safety regulations, poor organisation of work, deficiency of certified occupational safety specialists and inadequate personnel training. Research aimed at improving occupational safety and health is underfunded. There is evidence of widespread under-reporting of OAs, including fatal accidents. Three federal agencies are responsible for OAs recording; their data differ from each other as they use different methodologies. The rate of fatal OAs in Russia was 3–6 times higher than in Scandinavian countries and about 2 times higher compared to United States and Canada in 2001. In some Russian Arctic regions OAs levels are much higher. Conclusions Urgent improvement of occupational health and safety across Russia, especially in the Arctic regions, is needed. PMID:23519652

Dudarev, Alexey A.; Karnachev, Igor P.; Odland, Jon ?yvind

2013-01-01

5

Work-related accidents and occupational diseases in veterinarians and their staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: We assessed the occupational hazards in veterinary practice by analysing accident insurance data in order to stimulate strategies to prevent occupational accidents and diseases in veterinarians and their staff. Methods: Approximately 10,000 veterinary practices comprising about 27,500 veterinarians and their staff are covered by the Institution of Statutory Accident Insurance of the Health and Welfare Service (BGW). Each year

Albert Nienhaus; Christoph Skudlik; Andreas Seidler

2005-01-01

6

Accident patterns and prevention measures for fatal occupational falls in the construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contributing factors to 621 occupational fatal falls have been identified with respect to the victim's individual factors, the fall site, company size, and cause of fall. Individual factors included age, gender, experience, and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE). Accident scenarios were derived from accident reports. Significant linkages were found between causes for the falls and accident events. Falls

Chia-Fen Chi; Tin-Chang Chang; Hsin-I Ting

2005-01-01

7

[Household accidents in an occupationally integrated urban community].  

PubMed

A 42-item questionnaire was used to interview 300 urban residents (working in two chemical plants) who suffered household accidents over the last two years. The main target was to identify the actual causes of these accidents. Findings suggest that accident-producing dysfunctions in the "Man--Non-Professional Environment" system were basically due to particular personal variables such as false mental models of success and lack of risk anticipation from underestimation of task-oriented gestures, prosexis deficit through lack of awareness, rigid work stereotypes and lack of safety constraints. The authors discuss the necessity of a systematic, adaptable educational programme. PMID:2799623

Beril?, I; Popa, S; Filo?, M

1989-01-01

8

Organisational Factors of Occupational Accidents with Movement Disturbance (OAMD) and Prevention.  

PubMed

Workplace design and upkeep, or human factors, are frequently advanced for explaining so-called Occupational Slip, Trip and Fall Accidents (OSTFAs). Despite scientific progress, these accidents, and more broadly Occupational Accidents with Movement Disturbance (OAMDs), are also commonly considered to be "simple". This paper aims to stimulate changes in such perceptions by focusing on organisational factors that often combine with other accident factors to cause movement disturbance and injury in work situations. These factors frequently lead to arbitration between production and safety, which involves implementation of controls by workers. These controls can lead to greater worker exposure to OAMD risk. We propose a model that focuses on such controls to account specifically for the need to confront production and safety logics within a company and to enhance the potential for appropriate prevention action. These are then integrated into the set of controls highlighted by work organisation model developed by the NIOSH. PMID:25345425

Leclercq, Sylvie

2014-10-27

9

Organisational Factors of Occupational Accidents with Movement Disturbance (OAMD) and Prevention  

PubMed Central

Workplace design and upkeep, or human factors, are frequently advanced for explaining so-called Occupational Slip, Trip and Fall Accidents (OSTFAs). Despite scientific progress, these accidents, and more broadly Occupational Accidents with Movement Disturbance (OAMDs), are also commonly considered to be “simple”. This paper aims to stimulate changes in such perceptions by focusing on organisational factors that often combine with other accident factors to cause movement disturbance and injury in work situations. These factors frequently lead to arbitration between production and safety, which involves implementation of controls by workers. These controls can lead to greater worker exposure to OAMD risk. We propose a model that focuses on such controls to account specifically for the need to confront production and safety logics within a company and to enhance the potential for appropriate prevention action. These are then integrated into the set of controls highlighted by work organisation model developed by the NIOSH. PMID:25345425

LECLERCQ, Sylvie

2014-01-01

10

Individual characteristics in occupational accidents due to imbalance: a case-control study of the employees of a railway company  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Falls are frequent occupational accidents, and are responsible for a significant amount of lost working time and, more importantly, for a high mortality. The factors involved in falling mechanisms can be of external or individual origin, the latter being less well identified.Aims: To assess the relations between certain individual characteristics and occupational accidents due to imbalance.Methods: A total of

G C Gauchard; N Chau; C Touron; L Benamghar; D Dehaene; PhP Perrin; J-M Mur

2003-01-01

11

[Homicide of a supervisor simulating an occupational accident].  

PubMed

An unusual case of homicide is reported. A driver of an excavator killed his foreman by using the scoops of his machine and tried to feign an industrial accident. The man was convicted by the autopsy findings because his testimony could not explain the severe injuries. PMID:1482230

Betz, P; Eisenmenger, W

1992-01-01

12

Occupational accidents and injury: comprehensive social support for post-trauma management of victims  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rise and growth of modern industries with much complicated industrial system has given rise to several labour problems in Asia and more so in India. Infact, the sudden impact of industrial revolution leading to rapid industrialisation had a bad effect on Industrial workers, health, safety and safe living. Predominant been the occupational accidents and the resultant injuries. The losses

M M Bagali

2010-01-01

13

Risk perception and occupational accidents: a study of gas station workers in southern Brazil.  

PubMed

The present study aimed to identify the perceptions of gas station workers about physical, chemical, biological and physiological risk factors to which they are exposed in their work environment; identify types of occupational accidents involving gas station workers and; report the development of a socioenvironmental intervention as a tool for risk communication to gas station workers. A quantitative study was performed with 221 gas station workers in southern Brazil between October and December 2010. Data collection was performed between October to December 2010 via structured interviews. The data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0. The participants identified the following risk types: chemical (93.7%), physical (88.2%), physiological (64.3%) and biological (62.4%). In this sample, 94.1% of gas station workers reported occupational accidents, and 74.2% reported fuel contact with the eyes (p < 0.05). It is concluded that workers perceive risks, and that they tend to relate risks with the occurrence of occupational accidents as an indicator of the dangerous nature of their work environment. PMID:22851948

Cezar-Vaz, Marta Regina; Rocha, Laurelize Pereira; Bonow, Clarice Alves; Silva, Mara Regina Santos da; Vaz, Joana Cezar; Cardoso, Letícia Silveira

2012-07-01

14

Risk Perception and Occupational Accidents: A Study of Gas Station Workers in Southern Brazil  

PubMed Central

The present study aimed to identify the perceptions of gas station workers about physical, chemical, biological and physiological risk factors to which they are exposed in their work environment; identify types of occupational accidents involving gas station workers and; report the development of a socioenvironmental intervention as a tool for risk communication to gas station workers. A quantitative study was performed with 221 gas station workers in southern Brazil between October and December 2010. Data collection was performed between October to December 2010 via structured interviews. The data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0. The participants identified the following risk types: chemical (93.7%), physical (88.2%), physiological (64.3%) and biological (62.4%). In this sample, 94.1% of gas station workers reported occupational accidents, and 74.2% reported fuel contact with the eyes (p < 0.05). It is concluded that workers perceive risks, and that they tend to relate risks with the occurrence of occupational accidents as an indicator of the dangerous nature of their work environment. PMID:22851948

Cezar-Vaz, Marta Regina; Rocha, Laurelize Pereira; Bonow, Clarice Alves; da Silva, Mara Regina Santos; Vaz, Joana Cezar; Cardoso, Leticia Silveira

2012-01-01

15

Port safety and the container revolution: A statistical study on human factor and occupational accidents over the long period  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several factors can affect occupational accident frequency, namely economical factors, technologies used (low automation, discontinuous operating) job design, organization of work\\/environmental conditions and human factors. In particular, technological advances in industrial activities can give rise to improvement in productivity and in occupational health and safety, but not necessarily simultaneously. The beginning of the container transport dates back to 50years ago,

Bruno Fabiano; Fabio Currò; Andrea P. Reverberi; Renato Pastorino

2010-01-01

16

Absence attributed to incapacity and occupational disease\\/accidents among female and male workers in the fish-processing industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among those women hired before the start of the observation period, exposed subjects had higher frequencies of sick-leave than non-exposed, for both total illness and musculoskeletal diagnoses. In the men, there were corresponding differences, though not fully statistically significant. Reported occupational diseases (O\\/E: females: 4.5; (95% confidence interval) Cl = 3.2-6.1; males: 2.3; Cl = 1.3-3.9) and accidents (females: 4.3;

B. Palsson; U. Stromberg; K. Ohlsson; S. Skerfving

17

Relationships between Some Individual Characteristics and Occupational Accidents in the Construction Industry: A Case-Control Study on 880 Victims of Accidents Occurred during a Two-Year Period  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships between Some Individual Characteristics and Occupational Accidents in the Construction Industry: A Case-Control Study on 880 Victims of Accidents Occurred during a Two- Year Period: Nearkasen CHAU, et al. National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), Unit 420, Faculté de Médecine —This case-control study assessed the relationships between certain individual characteristics (age, body mass index, training, length of

Nearkasen CHAU; Jean-Marie MUR; Lahoucine BENAMGHAR; Christian SIEGFRIED; Jean-Louis DANGELZER; Martine FRANCAIS; Régis JACQUIN; Alain SOURDOT

2002-01-01

18

Sleep Apnea: Traffic and Occupational Accidents – Individual Risks, Socioeconomic and Legal Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obstructive sleep apnea has been associated with a high risk for motor vehicle accidents, probably the highest of all risks due to medical conditions. Treatment of sleep apnea with nasal continuous positive airway pressure appears to reduce the risk of traffic accidents to the one of the general population. The risk for accidents may also be increased in untreated patients

Daniel Rodenstein

2009-01-01

19

[Classification of enterprises according to degree of accident and occupational disease risk].  

PubMed

The authors suggested approach to classification of enterprises and economy branches according to occupational conditions. Suggestion is to classify by means of quantitative methods based on claster analysis. PMID:11508220

Vorob'ev, M M; Petrosiants, E V

2001-01-01

20

Effect of Occupational Health and Safety Management System on Work-Related Accident Rate and Differences of Occupational Health and Safety Management System Awareness between Managers in South Korea's Construction Industry  

PubMed Central

Background The study was conducted to investigate the current status of the occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS) in the construction industry and the effect of OHSMS on accident rates. Differences of awareness levels on safety issues among site general managers and occupational health and safety (OHS) managers are identified through surveys. Methods The accident rates for the OHSMS-certified construction companies from 2006 to 2011, when the construction OHSMS became widely available, were analyzed to understand the effect of OHSMS on the work-related injury rates in the construction industry. The Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency 18001 is the certification to these companies performing OHSMS in South Korea. The questionnaire was created to analyze the differences of OHSMS awareness between site general managers and OHS managers of construction companies. Results The implementation of OHSMS among the top 100 construction companies in South Korea shows that the accident rate decreased by 67% and the fatal accident rate decreased by 10.3% during the period from 2006 to 2011. The survey in this study shows different OHSMS awareness levels between site general managers and OHS managers. The differences were motivation for developing OHSMS, external support needed for implementing OHSMS, problems and effectiveness of implementing OHSMS. Conclusion Both work-related accident and fatal accident rates were found to be significantly reduced by implementing OHSMS in this study. The differences of OHSMS awareness between site general managers and OHS managers were identified through a survey. The effect of these differences on safety and other benefits warrants further research with proper data collection. PMID:24422176

Yoon, Seok J.; Lin, Hsing K.; Chen, Gang; Yi, Shinjea; Choi, Jeawook; Rui, Zhenhua

2013-01-01

21

41 CFR 102-74.360 - What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of occupant agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Accident and Fire Prevention § 102-74.360 What are the specific accident and fire prevention...

2012-01-01

22

41 CFR 102-74.360 - What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of occupant agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Accident and Fire Prevention § 102-74.360 What are the specific accident and fire prevention...

2011-01-01

23

41 CFR 102-74.360 - What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities of occupant agencies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false What are the specific accident and fire prevention responsibilities...MANAGEMENT Facility Management Accident and Fire Prevention § 102-74.360 What are the specific accident and fire prevention...

2010-07-01

24

Modelling gait processes as a combination of sensory-motor and cognitive controls in an attempt to describe accidents on the level in occupational situations.  

PubMed

In occupational situations, accidents referred to as accidents on the level (AoLs) occur most of the time when locomotion control fails. This control is determined by the interactions between the operator and the environment, the task and the used tools. Hence, AoLs prevention requires developing ways to optimise these interactions. More fundamentally, AoLs prevention requires understanding locomotion control in situations where this control is at sake, that is in situations involving one or more AoLs factors. The purpose of this article is to propose a comprehensive model for the control of locomotion in occupational environments. This model featuring the operator, the task and the working space should be an appropriate tool to understand AoLs in the scope of their prevention. Firstly, we describe what occupational AoLs are. In a second part, we present a review of the theoretical and experimental knowledge related to the locomotion system through the various means developed by the Central Nervous System to cope with perturbations of the environment and/or particular constraints from the task. Finally, we propose a simplified systemic model presenting the various levels of control (sensory-motor to cognitive levels) describing locomotion in occupational situations, and we suggest experiments likely to produce the appropriate data to construct the final comprehensive model. PMID:18270445

Sicre, Alexandrine; Leclercq, Sylvie; Gaudez, Clarisse; Gauthier, Gabriel M; Vercher, Jean-Louis; Bourdin, Christophe

2008-01-01

25

Occupational Therapy Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

Occupational Therapy Occupational Therapy When you work as an Occupational Therapist, you use and possibilities are endless! Program The UWM OT program has a rich history in Occupational Therapy education Therapy Association (AOTA). U.S. News and World Report has ranked the UWM Occupational Therapy Graduate

Saldin, Dilano

26

Could workplace accidents covered by social insurance workers compensation funds be used to calculate national indicators for surveillance of occupational injuries in France?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundFinancial compensation for workplace accidents are paid by several funds in France. The advantage of these data is that each fund determines if the accident was work-related. But funds function independently and there have no efforts to make the data consistent or to centralise them. Another disadvantage is related to the kind of data, which is recorded for administrative purposes

J Brière; A Chevalier; M Feurprier; F Paboeuf; E Imbernon

2010-01-01

27

Risk and protection factors in fatal accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims at addressing the interest and appropriateness of performing accident severity analyses that are limited to fatal accident data. Two methodological issues are specifically discussed, namely the accident-size factors (the number of vehicles in the accident and their level of occupancy) and the comparability of the baseline risk. It is argued that – although these two issues are

Emmanuelle Dupont; Heike Martensen; Eleonora Papadimitriou; George Yannis

2010-01-01

28

Accident Procedure Outline the procedures for accidents involving University of Michigan (U-M) vehicles.  

E-print Network

Accident Procedure Objective Outline the procedures for accidents involving University of Michigan. An accident is defined as any incident that causes damage to people or property. 2. In the event of an accident, secure the occupants and vehicle to prevent further incident. 3. Contact the local police agency

Kirschner, Denise

29

[Occupational risk according to occupational traumatism parameters in Russia].  

PubMed

The article covers analysis of occupational traumatism in Russia over 2009 in concern with economic activity types, with small enterprises accent. Based on method adapted to national information sources and assessing statistics reliability in countries with imperfect accounting, the authors demonstrated that with various hypotheses occupational accidents risk in Russian Federation is considerably higher than the registered one. PMID:22702129

Tikhonova, G I; Churanova, A N; Gorchakova, T Iu

2012-01-01

30

University of New Hampshire Report of Occupational Injury or Illness UNIVERSITY POLICY REQUIRES THAT REPORT OF ACCIDENT, INJURY, OR ILLNESS BE REPORTED WITHIN 24 HOURS OF OCCURRENCE.  

E-print Network

THAT REPORT OF ACCIDENT, INJURY, OR ILLNESS BE REPORTED WITHIN 24 HOURS OF OCCURRENCE. This form must be completed in its entirety and FAXED TO (862-1222) Human Resources Workers' Compensation Coordinator: Body Part (s) Affected: What Side Of Body? Left Right Time: _________ am pm Explain in detail how

New Hampshire, University of

31

Improving occupant safety in coach rollover  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coach rollover is one of the most hazardous accident type for coach occupants. Risk of fatalities in rollover is about five times higher than in any other coach accident types. This paper presents an analysis of the problem and countermeasures to reduce the severity of these accidents. First, some data regarding severity and type of injuries, based on ?in depth?

L. Martinez; F. Aparicio; A. Garcia; J. Paez; G. Ferichola

2003-01-01

32

[Hand and occupational diseases].  

PubMed

Hand is frequently the site of work accidents or occupational diseases. The musculoskeletal upper limb is the first recognized occupational disease and carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common of them. The most common location of occupational dermatoses is the hand. Their causes are often multifactorial, involving chemical irritants, physical, allergens and endogenous factors (mainly atopic dermatitis). Occupational exposure to microtrauma and iterative use of vibrating tools may also be the cause of hypothenar hammer syndrome and acrosyndromes. The frequent chronicity and functional impairment induced by these attacks can cause lasting disabilities, an inability to source workstation. Occupational physician is a focal point for helping to maintain the position and the prevention of socioprofessional disinsertion. Many pathologies of the hand related to professional activity may benefit from a statement in occupational disease and thus allow the patient to obtain compensation and employment protection. Prevention of occupational hand diseases should be made by all health actors, especially in occupations and industries at risk. PMID:24134812

Bensefa-Colas, Lynda; Choudat, Dominique

2013-12-01

33

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy 2012 - 2013 STUDENT HANDBOOK #12;2012-2013 MOT Student Handbook Master of Occupational Therapy Program Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy University of British Columbia Page | 1 CONTENTS Part I

Handy, Todd C.

34

Occupational Asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational asthma is the most common occupational lung disease. Work-aggravated asthma and occupational asthma are two forms\\u000a of asthma causally related to the workplace, while reactive airways dysfunction syndrome is a separate entity and a subtype\\u000a of occupational asthma. The diagnosis of occupational asthma is most often made on clinical grounds. The gold standard test,\\u000a specific inhalation challenge, is rarely

Nicholas J. Kenyon; Brian M. Morrissey; Michael Schivo; Timothy E. Albertson

35

29 CFR 1960.29 - Accident investigation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) BASIC PROGRAM ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS...accident investigations which would be of benefit in developing a new OSHA standard or in modifying or revoking an existing...

2011-07-01

36

29 CFR 1960.29 - Accident investigation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) BASIC PROGRAM ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS...accident investigations which would be of benefit in developing a new OSHA standard or in modifying or revoking an existing...

2010-07-01

37

29 CFR 1960.29 - Accident investigation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) BASIC PROGRAM ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS...accident investigations which would be of benefit in developing a new OSHA standard or in modifying or revoking an existing...

2012-07-01

38

Occupational Therapists  

MedlinePLUS

... Offices of physical, occupational and speech therapists, and audiologists 22 Elementary and secondary schools; state, local, and ... Offices of physical, occupational and speech therapists, and audiologists 77,430 Hospitals; state, local, and private 75, ...

39

Occupational Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When choosing a career, jobseekers often want to know which occupations offer the best prospects. Generally, occupations that have rapid job growth, many new jobs, or many job openings--and good wages--promise better opportunities. This paper shows how employment in particular occupations is projected to change from 2010 to 2020. It presents…

Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

2012-01-01

40

Occupational Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When choosing a career, jobseekers often want to know which occupations offer the best prospects. Generally, occupations that have rapid job growth, many new jobs, or many job openings--and good wages--promise better opportunities. This article shows how employment in particular occupations is projected to change over the 2008-2018 decade. The…

Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2010

2010-01-01

41

Accident liability.  

PubMed Central

The idea of accident proneness, which originated in the early 1900s, has proved to be ineffectual as an operational concept. Discrete econometric methods may be useful to find out which factors are at work in the process that leads to accidents and whether there are individuals who are more liable to accidents than others. PMID:3986144

Kune, J B

1985-01-01

42

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY PSY 992 Occupational Health and Safety  

E-print Network

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY PSY 992 Occupational Health and Safety Spring 2011 Thursday 1:50pm ­ 4-being. Specific topics covered include occupational stress and burnout, workplace safety and accidents, and research and measurement issues unique to the occupational health and safety area. COURSE OBJECTIVES

Liu, Taosheng

43

Accident investigation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has attributed wind shear as a cause or contributing factor in 15 accidents involving transport-categroy airplanes since 1970. Nine of these were nonfatal; but the other six accounted for 440 lives. Five of the fatal accidents and seven of the nonfatal accidents involved encounters with convective downbursts or microbursts. Of other accidents, two which were nonfatal were encounters with a frontal system shear, and one which was fatal was the result of a terrain induced wind shear. These accidents are discussed with reference to helping the aircraft to avoid the wind shear or if impossible to help the pilot to get through the wind shear.

Laynor, William G. Bud

1987-01-01

44

Occupational Psychiatric Disorders in Korea  

PubMed Central

We searched databases and used various online resources to identify and systematically review all articles on occupational psychiatric disorders among Korean workers published in English and Korean before 2009. Three kinds of occupational psychiatric disorders were studied: disorders related to job stress and mental illness, psychiatric symptoms emerging in victims of industrial injuries, and occupational psychiatric disorders compensated by Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance (IACI). Korea does not maintain official statistical records for occupational psychiatric disorders, but several studies have estimated the number of occupational psychiatric disorders using the Korea Workers' Compensation and Welfare Service (COMWEL, formerly KLWC) database. The major compensated occupational psychiatric disorders in Korea were "personality and behavioral disorders due to brain disease, damage, and dysfunction", "other mental disorders due to brain damage and dysfunction and to physical diseases", "reactions to severe stress and adjustment disorders", and "depressive episodes". The most common work-related psychiatric disorders, excluding accidents, were "neurotic, stress-related, and somatoform disorders" followed by "mood disorders". PMID:21258596

Kang, Seong-Kyu

2010-01-01

45

Occupational Asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational asthma (OA) is the most common occupational lung disease in industrialized countries. It is suspected that 9\\u000a to 15% of all cases of adult-onset asthma are caused by work factors. OA is a phenotype of the asthma in the workplace that\\u000a also includes irritant-induced asthma, work-aggravated asthma and variants forms such as occupational eosinophilic bronchitis.\\u000a More than 350 agents

Joaquin Sastre

46

Radiotherapy Accidents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A major benefit of a Quality Assurance system in a radiotherapy centre is that it reduces the likelihood of an accident. For over 20 years I have been the interface in the UK between the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine and the media — newspapers, radio and TV — and so I have learned about radiotherapy accidents from personal experience. In some cases, these accidents did not become public and so the hospital cannot be identified. Nevertheless, lessons are still being learned.

Mckenzie, Alan

47

Occupational Asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Occupational asthma is the most common occupational lung disease.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Occupational asthma and work-aggravated asthma are the two forms of asthma causally related to the workplace.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a Reactive airways dysfunction syndrome is a separate entity and a subtype of occupational asthma.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a \\u000a The diagnosis of occupational asthma is most often made on clinical grounds; the goldstandard test, specific inhalation

Nicholas J. Kenyon; Brian M. Morrissey; Timothy E. Albertson

48

Nuclear accidents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Accidents at nuclear power plants can be especially devastating to people and the environment. This article, part of a series about the future of energy, introduces students to nuclear accidents at Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and Tokaimura. Students explore the incidents by examining possible causes, environmental impacts, and effects on life.

Project, Iowa P.

2004-01-01

49

[Traffic accidents associated with emotional stress after divorce].  

PubMed

In recent years, the traffic accidents increased gradually, especially those caused by the drivers daily emotional abnormality and in which the drivers were liable. This article reviewed the traffic accidents caused by divorced driver's emotional abnormality, illustrated the features of those accidents from the gender, age, occupation and mileage of drivers. It was considered that the major cause of those accidents was excessive drinking due to drivers' emotional stress. Suggestions about preventing the traffic accidents caused by emotional abnormality were put forward so as to make the corresponding rules and finally decrease the emotional abnormality traffic accidents. PMID:19537257

Cui, Li-Juan; Yi, Xu-Fu; Chen, Xiao-Gang

2009-04-01

50

Occupational Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... the value of using this information for public health surveillance and research with the ultimate goal of decreasing ... Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies Home A-Z ...

51

Occupational Health  

MedlinePLUS

Occupational health problems occur at work or because of the kind of work you do. These problems can include ... by exposure to radiation Exposure to germs in health care settings Good job safety and prevention practices ...

52

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy 2013 - 2014 STUDENT Earthquake Safety 9 Getting to UBC 9 Bus 9 Rideshare/Carpooling 9 Parking 9 Cycling 9 Learning Resources 10 of Occupational Therapy 11 Professional Organizations 11 College of Occupational Therapists of British Columbia

Michelson, David G.

53

HEALTHCARE SCIENCES Physical & Occupational Therapy, Cytotechnology, Dental Hygiene,  

E-print Network

HEALTHCARE SCIENCES Physical & Occupational Therapy, Cytotechnology, Dental Hygiene, Health can I do with these majors? PHYSICAL THERAPY Physical therapy involves treatment through physical means for people disabled by illness, accident, or congenital handicap. Physical therapy seeks

New Hampshire, University of

54

Injuries to pedestrians in road traffic accidents.  

PubMed Central

Although there have been many reports on injuries to occupants of cars in road traffic accidents, there have been few prospective studies of injuries to pedestrians in such accidents. For this reason a two year prospective study of pedestrians in road traffic accidents in the Oxford region was carried out. The incidence of death in pedestrians was significantly higher than in car occupants or motorcyclists. The principal determinant of death was the weight of the vehicle concerned. The most common site of injury was the head because of a high incidence of brief concussion, but the most common site of serious injuries was the leg. Injuries to all regions of the body increased with age and with the weight of the vehicle in the collision. Accidents most often concerned young children or the elderly. PMID:3147003

Atkins, R. M.; Turner, W. H.; Duthie, R. B.; Wilde, B. R.

1988-01-01

55

48 CFR 652.236-70 - Accident Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the use of a GFCI; (vi) Work in confined spaces (limited...on all accidents incident to work performed under this contract resulting in death, traumatic injury, occupational...program. Before commencing work, the contractor shall:...

2010-10-01

56

48 CFR 652.236-70 - Accident Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the use of a GFCI; (vi) Work in confined spaces (limited...on all accidents incident to work performed under this contract resulting in death, traumatic injury, occupational...program. Before commencing work, the contractor shall:...

2011-10-01

57

48 CFR 652.236-70 - Accident Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the use of a GFCI; (vi) Work in confined spaces (limited...on all accidents incident to work performed under this contract resulting in death, traumatic injury, occupational...program. Before commencing work, the contractor shall:...

2012-10-01

58

48 CFR 652.236-70 - Accident Prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the use of a GFCI; (vi) Work in confined spaces (limited...on all accidents incident to work performed under this contract resulting in death, traumatic injury, occupational...program. Before commencing work, the contractor shall:...

2013-10-01

59

Recommendations for Injury Prevention in Transport Aviation Accidents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In 1996, a national objective was established to reduce the rate of fatal accidents in aviation. To assist in determining the best methods for improving aircraft crash survivability, a combined approach was used involving database research and the examination of case studies of transport aviation accidents. The results of the study include recommendations for maintaining occupiable space, enhancing occupant restraint, managing energy transferred to the occupant, improving egress, and increasing post-crash survival.

Grierson, Anita E.; Jones, Lisa E.

2001-01-01

60

Stress and accidents in the offshore oil and gas industry  

SciTech Connect

This book is a comprehensive analysis of occupational stress and accidents among personnel working in the European offshore oil and gas industry. Identifies sources of stress and predicts stressor outcomes. Examines job dissatisfaction, mental well-being and their relation to accidents. Also explores the differences within occupational status (operator versus contractor) and type of installation (drilling rigs versus fixed production platforms). Conclusions presented include the growing need for extensive management involvement, responsibility, and understanding in this exceptionally high environmental stress industry.

Sutherland, V.J.; Cooper, C.L.

1991-01-01

61

Occupational deaths and injuries in the construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study concerned with the characteristics of occupational deaths and injuries in the construction industry of South Korea. The national statistics of industrial accidents in the years 1991–1994 were extracted from the annual publications of the Ministry of Labor. These data were analyzed in terms of the size of company, age of injured person, work experience, accident type, injury type,

Byung Yong Jeong

1998-01-01

62

Joint Occupancy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography includes summaries of 15 articles and reports dealing with the joint use of buildings and facilities by schools and other public or private organizations. An introductory section describes the historical origins and development of the joint occupancy concept and examines the various economic and philosophical arguments…

Higham, Charlene Ellison

63

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy 2013 - 2014 STUDENT Procedures 7 Fire Procedures 8 Earthquake Safety 9 Getting to UBC 9 Bus 9 Rideshare/Carpooling 9 Parking 9 and Therapy Equipment 10 Definition of Occupational Therapy 11 Professional Organizations 11 College

Michelson, David G.

64

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Master of Occupational Therapy 2014 - 2015 STUDENT Procedures 7 Fire Procedures 8 Earthquake Safety 9 Getting to UBC 9 Bus 9 Rideshare/Carpooling 9 Parking 9 and Therapy Equipment 10 Definition of Occupational Therapy 11 Professional Organizations 11 College

Ollivier-Gooch, Carl

65

[The occupational physician in France].  

PubMed

The French Labor law defines the role and its allocation criteria of the occupational physician (OP) the same as in Japan. In France, occupational medicine is one of the medical specialties. The OP resident must follow the 4 years clinical training before certification. After having finished their residency, they are entitled to work for the occupational health service office of a company or company association (in the case of small and medium sized companies). The most important characteristics of the French system is that they cover all workers regardless of company size. The main role of the OP is prevention of work related diseases and accidents. They are not allowed to do clinical services except for emergency cases. Their main activities are health examinations, health education, patrol and advice for better working condition. Formerly, it was rather difficult to attract the medical students for OP resident course because of its prevention oriented characteristics. A growing concern about the importance of health management at the work site, however, has changed the situation. Now, the number of candidates for OP resident course is increasing. Their task has expanded to cover mental health and other life style related diseases. The 2011 modification of law redefines the role of the OP as a director of an occupational health service office who has a total responsibility of multidisciplinary services. The French and Japanese occupational health systems have many of similarities. A comparative study by researchers of UOEH is expected to yield useful information. PMID:24107336

Matsuda, Shinya

2013-10-01

66

School Bus Accidents: Reducing Incidents and Injuries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of children injured in nonfatal school bus accidents annually is more than double the number previously estimated. In Ohio alone, approximately 20,800 children younger than 18 were occupants of school buses that were involved in crashes in 2003 and 2004 (McGeehan 2007). Among those children, most had minor or no injuries. However, there…

Mahoney, Daniel

2009-01-01

67

Occupational Sex Roles and Occupational Prestige.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Past studies on the sex-typing of occupations have used a single bipolar scale, ranging from masculinity to femininity. An empirical examination of both occupational sex roles and occupational prestige was conducted using two unipolar scales to assess masculinity and femininity. College students (N=183) rated 94 occupations, which were then…

Simerly, D. Emily; Ruback, R. Barry

68

Chronic cough due to occupational factors  

PubMed Central

Within the large variety of subtypes of chronic cough, either defined by their clinical or pathogenetic causes, occupational chronic cough may be regarded as one of the most preventable forms of the disease. Next to obstructive airway diseases such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which are sometimes concomitant with chronic cough, this chronic airway disease gains importance in the field of occupational medicine since classic fiber-related occupational airway diseases will decrease in the future. Apart from acute accidents and incidental exposures which may lead to an acute form of cough, there are numerous sources for the development of chronic cough within the workplace. Over the last years, a large number of studies has focused on occupational causes of respiratory diseases and it has emerged that chronic cough is one of the most prevalent work-related airway diseases. Best-known examples of occupations related to the development of cough are coal miners, hard-rock miners, tunnel workers, or concrete manufacturing workers. As chronic cough is often based on a variety of non-occupational factors such as tobacco smoke, a distinct separation into either occupational or personally -evoked can be difficult. However, revealing the occupational contribution to chronic cough and to the symptom cough in general, which is the commonest cause for the consultation of a physician, can significantly lead to a reduction of the socioeconomic burden of the disease. PMID:16722562

Groneberg, David A; Nowak, Dennis; Wussow, Anke; Fischer, Axel

2006-01-01

69

FILE WITHIN 5 DAYS OF INCIDENT. (In the event of a serious or fatal injury or illness, notify within 24 hours. It is the supervisors responsibility to report lost time due to an occupational injury or disease. Failure to do so  

E-print Network

)5783577 ________________________________________________________________________ Occupational and Environmental Safety Supervisors Signature Suite 126 Public Safety Building South within 24 hours. It is the supervisors responsibility to report lost time due to an occupational injury BLANK) OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENT OR ILLNESS REPORT Name

70

Increased occupational radiation doses: nuclear fuel cycle.  

PubMed

The increased occupational doses resulting from the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident that occurred in Ukraine in April 1986, the reactor accident of Fukushima that took place in Japan in March 2011, and the early operations of the Mayak Production Association in Russia in the 1940s and 1950s are presented and discussed. For comparison purposes, the occupational doses due to the other two major reactor accidents (Windscale in the United Kingdom in 1957 and Three Mile Island in the United States in 1979) and to the main plutonium-producing facility in the United States (Hanford Works) are also covered but in less detail. Both for the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident and the routine operations at Mayak, the considerable efforts made to reconstruct individual doses from external irradiation to a large number of workers revealed that the recorded doses had been overestimated by a factor of about two.Introduction of Increased Occupational Exposures: Nuclear Industry Workers. (Video 1:32, http://links.lww.com/HP/A21). PMID:24378501

Bouville, André; Kryuchkov, Victor

2014-02-01

71

Occupational asthma.  

PubMed Central

Many toxic compounds found in air emissions may induce bronchoconstriction. In the workplace, workers are exposed to these compounds, often in much higher concentrations. Some of these compounds act as sensitizers. Of these, some compounds induce asthma by producing specific IgE antibodies to the compound or its protein conjugate, while others induce asthma through yet unidentified immunologic mechanisms. Some compounds, when inhaled in high concentrations, act as irritants and produce bronchoconstriction probably by inducing acute airway inflammation. The latter condition is called Reactive Airways Dysfunction Syndrome (RADS) or irritant-induced asthma. Occupational asthma is an excellent model to study the pathogenesis and the natural history of adult onset asthma because the responsible agent can be identified, complete avoidance is possible, and exposure can be measured or estimated. PMID:8549481

Chan-Yeung, M

1995-01-01

72

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY  

E-print Network

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Department of Occupational Health and Safety Revised December 2009 #12;Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Management System 1. Introduction.............................................................................................................. 3 2.2 Management of Health and Safety

73

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY and HEALTH  

E-print Network

MARYLAND OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY and HEALTH ACT safety and health protection on the job STATE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS, AND OTHER APPLICABLE REGULATIONS MAY BE OBTAINED FROM Complaints about State Program administration may be made to Regional Administrator, Occupational Safety

Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

74

Applying hierarchical loglinear models to nonfatal underground coal mine accidents for safety management.  

PubMed

Underground mining is considered to be one of the most dangerous industries and mining remains the most hazardous occupation. Categorical analysis of accident records may present valuable information for preventing accidents. In this study, hierarchical loglinear analysis was applied to occupational injuries that occurred in an underground coal mine. The main factors affecting the accidents were defined as occupation, area, reason, accident time and part of body affected. By considering subfactors of the main factors, multiway contingency tables were prepared and, thus, the probabilities that might affect nonfatal injuries were investigated. At the end of the study, important accident risk factors and job groups with a high probability of being exposed to those risk factors were determined. This article presents important information on decreasing the number accidents in underground coal mines. PMID:24934420

Onder, Mustafa; Onder, Seyhan; Adiguzel, Erhan

2014-01-01

75

Occupational Therapy Assistant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is designed for use in developing a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of occupational therapy assistant, lists technical competencies and competency builders for 16 units pertinent to the health technologies cluster in general as well as those specific to the occupation of occupational therapy assistant. The…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

76

Occupant Protection Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics include occupant protection overview with a focus on crew protection during dynamic phases of flight; occupant protection collaboration; modeling occupant protection; occupant protection considerations; project approach encompassing analysis tools, injury criteria, and testing program development; injury criteria update methodology, unique effects of pressure suits and other factors; and a summary.

Bopp, Genie; Somers, Jeff; Granderson, Brad; Gernhardt, Mike; Currie, Nancy; Lawrence, Chuck

2010-01-01

77

[Pedestrian accidents].  

PubMed

The epidemiology of non-traffic-related, pedestrian injuries in the winter sports resort of Arosa (Switzerland) between 1968 and 1995 (beginning december to end april) was studied. A total of 2813 patients (1140 male and 1673 female patients) with 3010 injuries was surveyed in a general practice. The study showed in the examined period not only an increasing number of injuries and a culmination in February, but also a higher risk for females (60 versus 40 per cent) and an increasing incidence with age. 6% of all patients had more than one injury and 5% required hospitalization. Most pedestrians had injuries of the upper and lower extremity; fracture of the distal radius was the most often diagnosed injury, followed by distortions of the foot and wrist and fractures of the ankle. For accident prevention it is important, that the authorities do not abstain from mechanical cleaning of walking surfaces as soon as they become slippery and from giving out warnings via the mass media. For outdoor walking we postulate boots for ankle protection. The results are discussed and compared with already existing publications. PMID:9887668

Bugmann, I; Röthlisberger, M; Friederich, N F; Müller, W

1998-12-01

78

[Monitoring occupational hazards and farm machinery injuries].  

PubMed

The Mutualité Sociale Agricole (MSA--French social security agency) closely examines the circumstances and consequences of the accidents and diseases occurring in agriculture as part of the professional activity of farmers and their employees. During work as such, identified as being the first source of accidents, approximately 35,000 and 70,000 accidents occur each year, respectively to farmers and employees. In both populations, the accident frequency is around 60 out of every 1,000 insured persons. The evolution is positive for employees, but serious, non-fatal accidents remain a major area of concern. Accidents to and from work mainly involve employees. Their number has markedly decreased and the anualy frequency is close to 3 out of every 1,000 employers. The number of occupational diseases is constantly increasing, mainly as the consequence of the recognition of periarticular diseases. This article also summarizes the main conclusions of a French survey conducted in 2003 among 50,000 wage earners in the agricultural sector, as part of the medical monitoring of professional risks (SUMER). PMID:17708089

Larrat, Jean-Paul; Chrétien, Jean-Claude; Viarouge, Nicolas

2007-06-15

79

77 FR 56645 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Accident Prevention Plans and Recordkeeping  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...contractors to keep records of accidents incidental to work performed under the contract that result in death, traumatic injury, occupational disease or...against the Government. If the contract involves work of a long duration, or hazardous nature,...

2012-09-13

80

77 FR 74662 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Accident Prevention Plans and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...contractors to keep records of accidents incident to work performed under the contract that result in death, traumatic injury, occupational disease or...against the Government. If the contract involves work of a long duration, or hazardous nature,...

2012-12-17

81

Accident toll in a Norwegian Spitsbergen mining community.  

PubMed

The coal mining community of Longyearbyen suffered a total loss of 84 persons in fatal accidents during the 40-year period from 1950 to 1989. Up to the beginning of the 1970's the great majority of injuries causing death were related to coal mining. In the 20-year period from 1970-1989 14 people died in occupational accidents. 24 were killed during off-work hours. The male population, averaging, 776 individuals through the observation period, run a risk of being involved in a fatal leisure-time accident nearly 3 times that of age-matched groups on the Norwegian mainland. Potential years of life lost for the Spitsbergen group were estimated to be of a magnitude 2.6 times that of the mainland. The females are even worse off with a risk of having a fatal accident which is 18 times higher. Occupational deaths in the mines were nearly 2 times as frequent as in the mines on the Norwegian mainland. We have moved a long way towards the control of fatal occupational accidents. The rise in non-occupational fatal injuries means, however, that the overall safety gain is meagre. PMID:1285815

Risholt, T

1992-01-01

82

[History of the radiation damage in occupations].  

PubMed

In the year following Röntgen`s discovery of X-rays in 1895, approximately 60 cases of hand dermatitis and hair loss induced by radiation were reported. People using X-rays in their occupation, including X-ray tube manufacturers, physicians, and engineers, experienced chronic radiation dermatitis and were the first to be diagnosed with occupational radiation exposure. Reports of later appearing disorders, including skin cancer, suffered by doctors and engineers, were regarded as serious occupational diseases. In the 1910's, blood disorders, including leukemia, in people with occupational exposure to radiation came into focus. Dial painters applying radium to watches with a luminous dial clock face suffered osteomyelitis from about 1914. Other radiation damage reports include radiation death and carcinogenesis in the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident in 1986, and radiation death in the Tokai-mura JCO accident in 1999. The details of radiation damage in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 2011 have not yet been reported, but must be followed in the future. PMID:24633182

Okazaki, Ryuji

2014-03-01

83

Occupational Health and Safety Manual  

E-print Network

Occupational Health and Safety Manual #12;1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 York University Occupational Health and Safety Policy and Programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Occupational Health and Safety Legislation

84

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Occupational Therapy Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended to serve as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in jobs in occupational therapy. Agency partners involved in this project include: the Illinois State board of Education, Illinois Community College…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

85

Newsletter of The Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

OT LENS Newsletter of The Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy Autumn 2013 Mentors Four dedicated and enthusiastic Occupational Therapy Fieldwork Educators were nominated back to her profession and was described by occupational therapy students as an excellent fieldwork

Handy, Todd C.

86

Estimation of reduced life expectancy from serious occupational injuries in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assesses the loss of life expectancy and potential working life in Taiwan, between 1986 and 2000, from various types of occupational accidents resulting in mortality or permanent disability. The databases on occupational mortality and permanent disability were obtained from the Bureau of Labor Insurance, with this information then being linked to national death registry data to construct the

Jiune-Jye Ho; Jing-Shiang Hwang; Jung-Der Wang

2006-01-01

87

Occupational Radiation Exposures  

Cancer.gov

DCEG researchers are studying cancer risks among populations who are occupationally exposed to radiation. Chernobyl Clean-up Workers Mayak Nuclear Facility Workers U.S. Radiologic Technologists Interventional Fluoroscopists Print This Page Occupational

88

The occupational impact of sleep quality and insomnia symptoms.  

PubMed

While the importance of assessing the occupational consequences of insomnia is emphasized in clinical nosologies and research guidelines, there is little consensus on which aspects of occupational performance should be assessed, the most methodologically justifiable measures of insomnia and work performance, and how outcomes should be reported. The present review was designed to summarize and methodologically critique the assessment of those aspects of occupational performance most impacted by (or most frequently associated with) insomnia symptoms. The 30 studies which met the review inclusion criteria broadly addressed six domains of occupational functioning: absenteeism; workplace accidents; productivity; punctuality; job satisfaction and career progression. Collectively, study outcomes support the conclusions that insomnia symptoms: are consistently associated with excess absenteeism; elevate accident risk in the workplace; reduce subjectively experienced workplace productivity (at least in the shorter term); inhibit career progression; and can degrade job satisfaction. Study outcomes do not support the conclusion that people with insomnia are significantly less punctual than other workers. The overall value of the occupational sleep-health literature, however, is limited by a lack of comparability among studies. In particular, there is a clear need to standardize definitions of sleep and occupational outcomes, and to recognize the confounding influence of health variables on occupational performance and sleep. PMID:22401983

Kucharczyk, Erica R; Morgan, Kevin; Hall, Andrew P

2012-12-01

89

Identifying significant predictors of injury severity in traffic accidents using a series of artificial neural networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the circumstances under which drivers and passengers are more likely to be killed or more severely injured in an automobile accident can help improve the overall driving safety situation. Factors that affect the risk of increased injury of occupants in the event of an automotive accident include demographic or behavioral characteristics of the person, environmental factors and roadway conditions

Dursun Delen; Ramesh Sharda; Max Bessonov

2006-01-01

90

Epidemiologic Characteristics of Compensated Occupational Lung Cancers among Korean Workers.  

PubMed

An understanding of the characteristics of occupational lung cancer is important to establish policies that prevent carcinogen exposure and to compensate workers exposed to lung carcinogens. This study analyzed the characteristics of occupational lung cancers in workers who were compensated under the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Law between 1994 and 2011. A total of 179 occupational lung cancers were compensated. The main carcinogenic exposure was asbestos, followed by crystalline silica and hexavalent chromium. The mean exposure duration and latency were 19.8 and 23.2 yr. The most common industry was manufacturing, followed by construction and transportation. The most common occupation was maintenance and repair, followed by foundry work, welding, painting, and spinning or weaving. Although asbestos was predominant carcinogen, the proportion of these cases was relatively low compared to other developed countries. Proper surveillance system is needed to monitor occupational lung cancer and improve prevention measures. PMID:25408577

Ahn, Yeon-Soon; Jeong, Kyoung Sook

2014-11-01

91

Designing an Experimental "Accident"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an experimental "accident" that resulted in much student learning, seeks help in the identification of nematodes, and suggests biology teachers introduce similar accidents into their teaching to stimulate student interest. (PEB)

Picker, Lester

1974-01-01

92

Nuclear Power Plant Accidents  

MedlinePLUS

NUCLEAR POWER PLANT ACCIDENTS Nuclear power plants have safety and security procedures in place and are closely monitored ... a plume). What are the main dangers of nuclear power plant accidents? Radioactive materials in the plume from ...

93

Interpreting Accident Statistics  

E-print Network

Accident statistics have often been used to support the argument that an abnormally small proportion of drivers account for a large proportion of the accidents. This paper compares statistics developed from six-year data ...

Ferreira, Joseph Jr.

94

Occupational Health, & Environment  

E-print Network

Occupational Health, Safety & Environment Information Session & Environment #12;· Getting to know the premises, W-hoog & W-laag · What to do in case of emergency · Information about Occupational Health, Safety Occupational Health, Safety and Environmental issues #12;Premises of Whoog and Wlaag Technical Engineering

Franssen, Michael

95

Health Occupations Cluster Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist the vocational teacher in designing and implementing a cluster program in health occupations, this guide suggests ideas for teaching the specific knowledge and skills that qualify students for entry-level employment in the health occupations field. The knowledge and skills are applicable to 12 occupations: dental assistant;…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

96

Alcohol and accidents in Switzerland--a critical review.  

PubMed

The analysis of alcohol-related traffic accidents points to a negative relationship between the average amount of alcohol consumed and the percentage of alcohol-related accidents. The data show that the officially registered problem-rates among drivers under the influence of alcohol depend primarily neither on consumption trends nor on general preventive factors, but, rather on the capacity for accident detection, the recording practices of the authorities and a less tolerant public opinion. Regional differences in the willingness to enforce control measures are related to varying cultural drinking contexts. The under-reporting of occupational accidents reflects an undue emphasis in insurance statistics which are based on a guilt/moral concept which is used to justify sanctions, such as cuts in insurance benefits. It is clear from the empirical evidence, that the broad press coverage on 'alcohol-related' ski accidents proves to be a typical case of problem amplification. PMID:8358269

Fahrenkrug, H; Klingemann, H K

1993-07-01

97

Debbie Rand Department of Occupational  

E-print Network

Debbie Rand Department of Occupational Therapy University of Haifa Haifa, Israel Rachel Kizony Department of Occupational Therapy University of Haifa Haifa, Israel & School of Occupational Therapy Hadassah-Hebrew University Jerusalem, Israel Uri Feintuch School of Occupational Therapy Hadassah

Rizzo, Albert "Skip"

98

Zero-inflated Poisson modeling to evaluate occupational safety interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the data collected on occupational safety involves accident or injury counts. Traditional approaches to analyzing this type of population-based count data, including the Poisson model and the Negative Binomial model, do not take into consideration the relatively few events and hence, many observed zeros. In this paper, we propose a Zero-Inflated Poisson (ZIP) model to evaluate the effectiveness

Philip J. W. Carrivick; Andy H. Lee; Kelvin K. W. Yau

2003-01-01

99

Time intervals between accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the evidence in favor of the commonly accepted hypothesis of individual differences in accident proneness of individuals is not affected by accidents in which they are involved. The validity of this assumption is investigated in terms of a study of time intervals between consecutive accidents of a number of taxi-drivers. Some features of the relevant mathematical theory of

Alexander Mintz

1954-01-01

100

Group Accident Insurance Certificate  

E-print Network

Group Accident Insurance Certificate Regents of the University of New Mexico #12;#12;Life Insurance Company GROUP ACCIDENT CERTIFICATE THIS CERTIFICATE PROVIDES LIMITED COVERAGE. PLEASE READ YOUR. THIS CERTIFICATE IS ISSUED UNDER AN ACCIDENT ONLY POLICY. IT DOES NOT PAY BENEFITS FOR LOSS CAUSED BY SICKNESS. GA

New Mexico, University of

101

Laws of accident causation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that the influence of a number of important risk factors on road accidents can be described in terms of a few highly general statistical regularities that determine the shape of the relationship between the risk factors and accident occurrence. The statistical regularities are referred to as “laws of accident causation”. The following “laws” are proposed:1.The universal law

Rune Elvik

2006-01-01

102

Distributed Vision-Based Accident Management for Assisted Living  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the problem of assisting vulnerable people and their carers to reduce the occurrence, and concomitant consequences, of accidents in the home. A wireless sensor network employing multiple sensing and event detection modalities and distributed processing is pro- posed for smart home monitoring applications. Distributed vision-based analysis is used to detect occupant's posture, and features from multiple cameras are

Hamid K. Aghajan; Juan Carlos Augusto; Chen Wu; Paul J. Mccullagh; Julie-ann Walkden

2007-01-01

103

Occupational contact dermatitis.  

PubMed

The dermatologist should be aware of the many facets of occupational skin diseases, which can be caused by physical, chemical, and biological insults. The most common manifestation of occupational skin diseases is contact dermatitis (both irritant and allergic). Three factors point out the importance of occupational skin diseases as diseases that have a public health impact: 1) occupational skin diseases are common; 2) they often have a poor prognosis; and 3) they result in a noteworthy economic impact for society and for an individual. They are also diseases amenable to public health interventions. Specific industries and exposures may put a worker at risk of occupational contact dermatitis. The accuracy of the diagnosis of occupational contact dermatitis is related to the skill level, experience, and knowledge of the medical professional who makes the diagnosis and confirms the relationship with a workplace exposure. Prevention of occupational contact dermatitis is important, and a variety of prevention strategies are available. PMID:15186373

Lushniak, Boris D

2004-01-01

104

Occupational Employment Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

US occupations are featured in this information-rich resources from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The 1996 Occupational Employment Statistics Survey differs from previous surveys in that it includes wage data by occupation for the first time. The site contains a description of the survey and complete national and state data for 760 occupations in seven major areas. Included are occupation title, number of employees, hourly mean and median wage, and an OES code number that provides information about the occupation and its employment distribution by wage range where surveyed (distribution is for the national survey only). An occupational search engine is forthcoming. The site also contains information about previous OES surveys back to 1988.

105

Drudgery, accidents and injuries in Indian agriculture.  

PubMed

The Indian farming employs 225 million workforce to cover 140 million hectares of total cultivated land. In spite of rapid farm mechanization (e.g., 149 million farm machinery), the vast resource-poor family farming has primary dependence on traditional methods (e.g., 520 million hand tools and 37 million animal-drawn implements are in operation). The work drudgery, the traumatic accidents and injuries are the major concerns to examine options for ergonomics intervention and betterment of work in crop production activities. This review summarizes human energy expenditure in crop production activities, to assess the job severity, tools and machinery, and formulate the basis to reorganize work and work methods. While the farm mechanization is more in the northern India, the accidents were more in the villages in southern India. On average of the four regions, the tractor incidents (overturning, falling from the tractor, etc.) were highest (27.7%), followed by thresher (14.6%), sprayer/duster (12.2%), sugarcane crusher (8.1%) and chaff cutter (7.8%) accidents. Most of the fatal accidents resulted from the powered machinery, with the annual fatality rate estimated as 22 per 100,000 farmers. The hand tools related injuries (8% of the total accidents) were non-fatal in nature. In spite of the enactment of legislation, the shortcomings in production and monitoring of the machinery in field use may be responsible for the high rate of accidents (e.g., 42 thresher accidents/1,000 mechanical threshers/year in southern India). Due to the lack of technical capability of the local artisans, adhering to safety and design standards is impractical to the implements fabricated in the rural areas. The analysis emphasizes that the effective safety and health management may be possible through legislative enabling of the local infra-structure, such as block development authority and primary health services, to permeate occupational health and safe work practices in the farming sector. PMID:15128164

Nag, Pranab Kumar; Nag, Anjali

2004-04-01

106

Listing Occupational Carcinogens  

PubMed Central

The occupational environment has been a most fruitful one for investigating the etiology of human cancer. Many recognized human carcinogens are occupational carcinogens. There is a large volume of epidemiologic and experimental data concerning cancer risks in different work environments. It is important to synthesize this information for both scientific and public health purposes. Various organizations and individuals have published lists of occupational carcinogens. However, such lists have been limited by unclear criteria for which recognized carcinogens should be considered occupational carcinogens, and by inconsistent and incomplete information on the occupations and industries in which the carcinogenic substances may be found and on their target sites of cancer. Based largely on the evaluations published by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, and augmented with additional information, the present article represents an attempt to summarize, in tabular form, current knowledge on occupational carcinogens, the occupations and industries in which they are found, and their target organs. We have considered 28 agents as definite occupational carcinogens, 27 agents as probable occupational carcinogens, and 113 agents as possible occupational carcinogens. These tables should be useful for regulatory or preventive purposes and for scientific purposes in research priority setting and in understanding carcinogenesis. PMID:15531427

Siemiatycki, Jack; Richardson, Lesley; Straif, Kurt; Latreille, Benoit; Lakhani, Ramzan; Campbell, Sally; Rousseau, Marie-Claude; Boffetta, Paolo

2004-01-01

107

Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy Faculty of Medicine  

E-print Network

1 Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy Faculty of Medicine Master of Science in Occupational Therapy GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK 2013-2014 Revision: October 2013 Information in this Handbook to welcome you to the MScOT program in the Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy

Sokolowski, Marla

108

Occupational lung cancer  

SciTech Connect

The author addresses the attribution of lung cancer to cigarette smoking and the problems of confounding synergistic effects of occupational and other carcinogenic risk factors, as well as the divergent trends of declining smoking rates and increasing rates of lung cancer. He also reviews the existing literature to document associations between lung cancer and occupational exposures. Finally, interventions for prevention of occupational lung cancer are discussed.

Cone, J.E.

1987-04-01

109

Occupational cancer in Italy.  

PubMed Central

This article is a discussion of occupational cancer in Italy. The introduction provides the necessary context of Italian industrialization and occupational health regulation. This is followed by a review of Italian epidemiologic studies of occupational cancer risks considered in terms of relative measures of risk and attributable risk of carcinogenic agents or exposure circumstances. We attempt to establish the number of workers exposed to carcinogens in Italy and the intensity of their exposures. Finally, the Italian system of compensation for occupational cancer is discussed. Several cohort and case-control studies have addressed the issue of occupational risks, mostly among male workers. The results of these studies suggest that the growing incidence of and mortality by mesothelioma is explained by the widespread and intense exposure to asbestos in some Italian industrial settings. A high attributable risk of lung tumors among male populations in industrial areas of northern Italy is explained by occupational exposures. However, insufficient data are available for clear definition of the extent and intensity of occupational exposure to carcinogenic substances. In Italy, we must prioritize and maximize resources in occupational cancer epidemiology and revitalize the role of national institutions. Recent legislation has established new regulations on the handling of carcinogenic substances in industrial settings, a new list of occupational diseases, and a national registry of mesothelioma linked to asbestos exposure. These legislative changes are expected to have positive effects. PMID:10350509

Merler, E; Vineis, P; Alhaique, D; Miligi, L

1999-01-01

110

Occupational color vision standards: new prospects.  

PubMed

Occupational color vision standards in transport have been implemented for 100 years. A review of these standards has taken place early this century prompted by antidiscrimination laws in the workplace and several transport accidents. The Australian and Canadian Railways have developed new lanterns to address their occupational medical requirements. The Civil Aviation Authority in the UK has adopted the Color Assessment and Diagnosis (CAD) test as the standard for assessing color vision for professional flight crews. The methodology employed using the CAD test ensures that color deficient pilot applicants able to complete the most safety-critical task with the same accuracy as normal trichromats can be accepted for pilot training. This methodology can be extended for setting new color vision standards in other work environments. PMID:24695202

Birch, Jennifer; Rodríguez-Carmona, Marisa

2014-04-01

111

[The main problems of occupational health in Navarra, 1994-1996].  

PubMed

In 1996 the Navarra Occupational Health Institute, an autonomous technical organization that integrates the functions and means related to occupational health matters, drew up the Occupational Health Diagnosis of Navarra, which is a region characterised by its important industrial sector and its high proportion of small and medium size companies. The results emphasise the high accident rate in the construction sector, the constant increase of professional diseases through "fatigue of tendon pods", as well as the importance of osteo-muscular processes as a cause of temporary and permanent disability. Forty sentinel occupational tumors, mainly mesothelioma, and 27 Obligatory Statement Diseases of occupational origin, mainly brucellosis, were identified in a period of seven years and three years, respectively. Verification was made of a lack of systematised information about population exposure to occupational risks, a scarce development of medical surveillance of exposed workers, and a lack of information about the incidence of occupational injuries in self-employed workers. PMID:12886334

Artieda, L; Gallo, M; García, V; Layana, E; Cipriain, C; Lezaun, M

1999-01-01

112

Occupational Safety Review of High Technology Facilities  

SciTech Connect

This report contains reviews of operating experiences, selected accident events, and industrial safety performance indicators that document the performance of the major US DOE magnetic fusion experiments and particle accelerators. These data are useful to form a basis for the occupational safety level at matured research facilities with known sets of safety rules and regulations. Some of the issues discussed are radiation safety, electromagnetic energy exposure events, and some of the more widespread issues of working at height, equipment fires, confined space work, electrical work, and other industrial hazards. Nuclear power plant industrial safety data are also included for comparison.

Lee Cadwallader

2005-01-31

113

Graduate Diploma in Occupational Safety &  

E-print Network

Graduate Diploma in Occupational Safety & Health/MSc in Occupational Safety & Health UCD School in Occupational Safety and Health (OSH), who have not previously achieved a higher qualification in OSH · Occupational Health · Occupational Hygiene · Risk Assessment and Safety Statement · Human and Organisational

114

International occupational health.  

PubMed

Working conditions for the majority of the world's workers do not meet the minimum standards and guidelines set by international agencies. Occupational health and safety laws cover only about 10 percent of the population in developing countries, omitting many major hazardous industries and occupations. With rare exception, most countries defer to the United Nations the responsibility for international occupational health. The UN's international agencies have had limited success in bringing occupational health to the industrializing countries. The International Labor Organization (ILO) conventions are intended to guide all countries in the promotion of workplace safety and in managing occupational health and safety programs. ILO conventions and recommendations on occupational safety and health are international agreements that have legal force only if they are ratified by ILO member states. The most important ILO Convention on Occupational Safety and Health has been ratified by only 37 of the 175 ILO member states. Only 23 countries have ratified the ILO Employment Injury Benefits Convention that lists occupational diseases for which compensation should be paid. The World Health Organization (WHO) is responsible for the technical aspects of occupational health and safety, the promotion of medical services and hygienic standards. Limited WHO and ILO funding severely impedes the development of international occupational health. The U.S. reliance on international agencies to promote health and safety in the industrializing countries is not nearly adequate. This is particularly true if occupational health continues to be regarded primarily as an academic exercise by the developed countries, and a budgetary triviality by the international agencies. Occupational health is not a goal achievable in isolation. It should be part of a major institutional development that touches and reforms every level of government in an industrializing country. Occupational health and safety should be brought to industrializing countries by a comprehensive consultative program sponsored by the United States and other countries that are willing to share the burden. Occupational health and safety program development is tied to the economic success of the industrializing country and its industries. Only after the development of a successful legal and economic system in an industrializing country is it possible to incorporate a successful program of occupational health and safety. PMID:12971685

LaDou, Joseph

2003-08-01

115

The UBC Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

The UBC Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy in conjunction with Celebrate Learning Week presents a Conversations on Occupation Café Wednesday,November 2,2011 from 7:30 to 9:30 pm

Handy, Todd C.

116

Occupations, U. S. A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet divides job titles, selected from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, into 15 career clusters: agribusiness and natural resources, business and office education, communication and media, construction, consumer and home economics, fine arts and humanities, health occupations, hospitality and recreation, manufacturing, marine science,…

Geneva Area City Schools, OH.

117

Occupational Health Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to be used for "Administrative Aspects of Occupational Medicine," one of two officer correspondence courses offered by the Naval Medical Training Institute. Part one comprises guidelines for setting up occupational health clinics, covering the areas of staffing, layout, equipment, other services, and records maintenance.…

Naval Medical Training Inst., Bethesda, MD.

118

Occupational asthma: a review.  

PubMed Central

Occupational asthma is the most common form of occupational lung disease in the developed world at the present time. In this review, the epidemiology, pathogenesis/mechanisms, clinical presentations, management, and prevention of occupational asthma are discussed. The population attributable risk of asthma due to occupational exposures is considerable. Current understanding of the mechanisms by which many agents cause occupational asthma is limited, especially for low-molecular-weight sensitizers and irritants. The diagnosis of occupational asthma is generally established on the basis of a suggestive history of a temporal association between exposure and the onset of symptoms and objective evidence that these symptoms are related to airflow limitation. Early diagnosis, elimination of exposure to the responsible agent, and early use of inhaled steroids may play important roles in the prevention of long-term persistence of asthma. Persistent occupational asthma is often associated with substantial disability and consequent impacts on income and quality of life. Prevention of new cases is the best approach to reducing the burden of asthma attributable to occupational exposures. Future research needs are identified. PMID:10931788

Lombardo, L J; Balmes, J R

2000-01-01

119

The Heath Occupational Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career development programs must identify occupational needs of adults. A model based on Maslow's hierarchy develops occupational questions related to individual motivations (physiology, safety, love, esteem, and self-actualization). Individual needs are then compared with characteristics and benefits of proposed jobs, companies, or careers. (SK)

Heath, William E.

1990-01-01

120

Dementia and occupational therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to evaluate the efficacy of the occupational therapy in patients with dementia, we included in the occupational therapy (OT) program 34 patients with dementia and a moderate to severe cognitive impairment admitted at our RSA. Fourteen of them had vascular dementia (VD), twenty had Alzheimer dementia (AD). For a period of 40 days they followed a daily therapeutic

M. V. Baldelli; R. Boiardi; P. Ferrari; S. Bianchi; M. Hunscott Bianchi

2007-01-01

121

Perspectives in Occupational Dermatology  

PubMed Central

Because large surface areas of the skin are exposed directly to the environment, skin is an organ particularly vulnerable to occupationally induced disease. Statistics show that, excluding accidental injury, nearly half of all occupational illnesses occur in this organ; a fourth of all workers suffering from occupational skin disease lose an average of 10 to 12 workdays. The constant evolution of new industrial chemicals and methods of manufacture continue to bring new skin hazards and disease into the workplace. Occupational health physicians and practitioners, who usually have minimal training in dermatology, must diagnose and treat unfamiliar diseases in a setting of even less familiar, often overwhelming, technology. A thorough understanding of cutaneous defense mechanisms, clinical patterns of occupational skin disease and methods for establishing accurate diagnoses is essential. PMID:6219498

Mathias, C. G. Toby; Maibach, Howard I.

1982-01-01

122

Occupational Infection in Korea  

PubMed Central

Occupational infection is a human disease caused by work-associated exposure to microbial agents through human and environmental contact. According to the literature, occupational infection was the third leading cause of occupational disease (861 cases, 8.0%), and health care, agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers were risk groups in Korea. In addition, most high-risk groups have not been protected by workers' compensation, which could lead to underestimation of the exact spectrum and magnitude of the problem, and may also result in a lack of development and implementation of occupational infection management. Through a review of national guidelines and documentations on prevention and control of occupational infection, a management strategy would promote adherence to worker safety regulations if it is explicit with regard to the agent and mode of infection in each of the high-risk groups. PMID:21258592

Ahn, Yeon-Soon; Jeong, Jae Sim

2010-01-01

123

Occupational Disease in Connecticut, 2014  

E-print Network

...........................................................................................24 E. Occupational Disease Surveillance System: Physicians' Reports, as part of the Occupational Disease Surveillance Program, operated in cooperation with the ConnecticutOccupational Disease in Connecticut, 2014 This report covers data for 2012 and was prepared under

Oliver, Douglas L.

124

Prevention of occupational dermatitis.  

PubMed

Occupational dermatitis is among the most frequent occupational diseases. Dermal exposure risk affects many professional categories such as healthcare workers, hairdressers, bakers, cleaning and kitchen employees. The economical burden of occupational dermatitis (OD) is huge (greater than 5 billion Euro per year in Europe), comprising direct costs (treatment, compensation), as well as indirect costs due to sick leave and lack of productivity. A scientifically based preventive program consisting of skin protection during work, cleaning and skin care after work has generally been recommended to prevent occupational contact dermatitis. However the rate of reported occupational skin diseases seems unchanged in the recent years. In cases of impaired skin condition the secondary prevention (i.e. therapeutic treatment by dermatologists and health-educational intervention seminars) is fundamental. For cases of occupational dermatoses in which these outpatient prevention measures are not successful, interdisciplinary inpatient rehabilitation measures have been developed (tertiary individual prevention). In the past years, various pilot-concepts to improve occupational dermatitis prevention have been successfully put into practice focussing on interdisciplinary (dermatological and educational) skin protection training programmes for high-risk professions. Currently a multi-step intervention approach is implemented which is aiming at offering quick preventive help at all levels of severity of occupational contact dermatitis. Recent data reveals that there are reliable evidence-based options for multidisciplinary prevention and patient management of occupational dermatitis using a combined approach by a network of clinics, practices and statutory social insurance bodies. At this stage, it seemed reasonable to form a European joint initiative for skin prevention. Recently a European network of preventive dermatology (European Initiative for the Prevention of Occupational Skin Diseases-EPOS) has been organized based on the German experience in the specific field. PMID:21329572

Sartorelli, P; Kezic, S; Larese Filon, F; John, S M

2011-01-01

125

The Tokaimura Nuclear Accident  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 1999 accident at the Tokaimura nuclear fuel processing plant near Tokyo is the context for a student discussion on nuclear power and the consequences of a nuclear accident. The case covers issues ranging from chemical process safety to risk management

Ryan, Michael E.

2001-09-01

126

Civil aircraft accident investigation.  

PubMed

This talk reviews some historic aircraft accidents and some more recent. It reflects on the division of accident causes, considering mechanical failures and aircrew failures, and on aircrew training. Investigation results may lead to improved aircraft design, and to appropriate crew training. PMID:24057309

Haines, Daniel

2013-01-01

127

HANARO thermal hydraulic accident analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For the safety assessment of HANARO, accident analyses for the anticipated operational transients, accident scenarios and limiting accident scenarios were conducted. To do this, the commercial nuclear reactor system code. RELAP5/MOD2 was modified to RELAP...

B. Y. Lee, C. Park, H. I. Kim, S. Y. Lee

1996-01-01

128

Managing nuclear accidents  

SciTech Connect

An accident at a nuclear power plant can pose a serious threat to surrounding populations. If people and their government are poorly prepared, as was the case at Windscale, England in 1957, Three Mile Island (TMI) in the United States in 1979, and Chernobyl in the Soviet Union in 1986, substantial exposure to radiation could occur. Much has been done since the 1979 TMI accident to prepare for a future accident in the United States. The federal government now requires approved emergency plans for all nuclear plants and has established minimum specifications for such plans. This paper reports that major questions remain regarding the effectiveness of these plans in an actual nuclear accident, although they have performed well in non-nuclear incidents. Because serious nuclear accidents occur only very infrequently, the plans have not been tested in real circumstances.

Golding, D.; Kasperson, J.X.; Kasperson, R.E.; Goble, R.; Seley, J.E.; Thompson, G.; Wolf, C.P.

1992-01-01

129

Analysis of Construction Accidents in Turkey and Responsible Parties  

PubMed Central

Construction is one of the world’s biggest industry that includes jobs as diverse as building, civil engineering, demolition, renovation, repair and maintenance. Construction workers are exposed to a wide variety of hazards. This study analyzes 1,117 expert witness reports which were submitted to criminal and labour courts. These reports are from all regions of the country and cover the period 1972–2008. Accidents were classified by the consequence of the incident, time and main causes of the accident, construction type, occupation of the victim, activity at time of the accident and party responsible for the accident. Falls (54.1%), struck by thrown/falling object (12.9%), structural collapses (9.9%) and electrocutions (7.5%) rank first four places. The accidents were most likely between the hours 15:00 and 17:00 (22.6%), 10:00–12:00 (18.7%) and just after the lunchtime (9.9%). Additionally, the most common accidents were further divided into sub-types. Expert-witness assessments were used to identify the parties at fault and what acts of negligence typically lead to accidents. Nearly two thirds of the faulty and negligent acts are carried out by the employers and employees are responsible for almost one third of all cases. PMID:24077446

GURCANLI, G. Emre; MUNGEN, Ugur

2013-01-01

130

Burnout in occupational therapists.  

PubMed

Burnout is a job-related condition involving feelings of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach & Jackson, 1981a) is the instrument most widely used to measure job-related stress in human service professions, such as occupational therapy. This study explored the application of the Maslach Burnout Inventory for use with occupational therapists. The subjects were 99 registered occupational therapists residing in the southeastern United States. Mean scores lower than the aggregate occupational norms provided by the test's authors on the Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization subscales supported the need to develop specific norms for occupational therapists. Results of this study indicate that use of the aggregate norms would underestimate the level of experienced burnout. Correlational analyses delineated significant relationships between age and Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization, education and Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization, years of work as an occupational therapist and Depersonalization and Personal Accomplishment, years in the present position and Personal Accomplishment (intensity only), hours of direct patient contact and Emotional Exhaustion (intensity only), and hours of direct patient contact and Depersonalization (frequency only). These correlates of burnout furnish clues for understanding the development of work-related stress in occupational therapists. PMID:3223504

Rogers, J C; Dodson, S C

1988-12-01

131

Occupancy Simulation Schedule Appendix C -Occupancy Simulation Schedule  

E-print Network

Appendix C ­ Occupancy Simulation Schedule #12;C.1 Appendix C - Occupancy Simulation Schedule Figure C.1 and Figure C.2 present the load simulation and occupancy schedules for the lab homes highly insulating windows demonstration. The bases for occupancy simulation were data and analysis developed

132

Occupational health nursing in Thailand. Insight into international occupational health.  

PubMed

1. As a country that is both agricultural by nature, and moving toward new industrialization, Thailand is increasingly facing work related health problems. Major occupational illnesses are pesticide poisoning, silicosis, byssinosis, lead poisoning, and occupational injuries. 2. Although the demand for occupational health services is high, occupational health services in Thailand are still not comprehensive. 3. Because of the lack of role perception and inadequate preparation, Thai occupational health nurses have limited functions in providing occupational health services. The services are primarily directed at curative measures rather than prevention. 4. Occupational health nursing in Thailand is currently undergoing intensive development in education, practice, research, and legislation. PMID:12655981

Kalampakorn, Surintorn

2003-02-01

133

TIPS ON ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING Accident Reporting Why?  

E-print Network

TIPS ON ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING Accident Reporting ­ Why? Obligation to report Health Care of the accident ­ if not, the organization (i.e. the department) can be fined Obligation under Section 51, 52 happened? When did it happen? (Date, Time and Place) When was the accident/incident reported? Any

Lennard, William N.

134

Occupational Health--Or Occupational Sickness?  

PubMed Central

The current emphasis on occupational health and safety has been on curative practice as opposed to preventive measures. Business accumulates profit; if required by law, it treats those diseases or handicapped workers who have suffered due to unsafe, unhealthy working conditions. The illness of the worker often becomes a side effect of production, patched up after the fact. Such a problem oriented approach is insufficient. Ontario's occupational health legislation is ambiguous. Workers' rights are insecure. Experience in Saskatchewan has proven that well defined legislation against hazardous working conditions does not disrupt production. This article offers a progressive alternative to promote and maintain the highest degree of physical and social wellbeing of individual workers and groups in the workplace.

Dukszta, Jan

1978-01-01

135

Occupational hearing loss  

MedlinePLUS

Over time, repeated exposure to loud noise and music can cause hearing loss. Occupational hearing loss is ... Airline ground maintenance Construction Farming Jobs involving loud music or machinery In the U.S., the maximum job ...

136

Wisconsin Occupational Information System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The first annual report of the Wisconsin Occupational Information System (WOIS) is a descriptive analysis of activities and procedures utilized during the initial grant period of July 14, 1975-July 13, 1976. This report is divided into eight sections summ...

R. H. Lambert

1976-01-01

137

Occupational lung diseases.  

PubMed

Chest radiography and high-resolution computed tomography are indispensable tools in the detection, classification and characterization of occupational lung diseases that are caused by inhaling mineral particles such as asbestos, silicon-containing rock dust and other tissue-damaging antigens, nanomaterials and toxins. Radiographic evidence of occupational lung disease is interpreted with a patient's clinical signs and symptoms and a detailed occupational history in mind because of high variability in radiographic findings. This Directed Reading reviews the history, epidemiology, functional anatomy, pathobiology and medical diagnostic imaging of occupational lung diseases associated with inhalation of fine particulates in the workplace. This article is a Directed Reading. Your access to Directed Reading quizzes for continuing education credit is determined by your CE preference. For access to other quizzes, go to www.asrt.org/store. PMID:21771937

Furlow, Bryant

2011-01-01

138

How Occupation Emerges in the Practices of Experienced Occupational Therapists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupation has reemerged as the central heuristic for occupational therapy practice (AOTA, 2002). However, there is currently little agreement on a definition of occupation-based practice. Some scholars have theorized that occupation-based practice occurs when therapists provide intervention in the individual’s natural context, using the individual’s occupations as therapeutic interventions (Fidler, 2000; Hocking, 2001; Pierce, 2003). Other scholars have empirically demonstrated

Pollie Price

2006-01-01

139

Occupational lung cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The overall importance of occupational agents as a cause of lung cancer has been a controversial subject since the 1970s. A federal report, released in the late 1970s, projected a surprisingly high burden of occupational lung cancer; for asbestos and four other agents, from 61,000 to 98,000 cases annually were attributed to these agents alone. Many estimates followed, some much

D. B. Coultas; J. M. Samet

1992-01-01

140

Fathers' occupation and pregnancy outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Findings from a survey of 56,067 women in Montreal on maternal occupation and pregnancy outcome have been reported. Paternal occupation recorded in the same survey was analysed for spontaneous abortion in 24 occupational groups retaining the six main sectors of maternal occupation and allowing, by means of logistic regression, for seven potentially confounding variables. In only one of the 24

A. D. Mcdonald; J. C. Mcdonald; B. Armstrong; N. M. Cherry; A. D. Nolin; D. Robert

1989-01-01

141

Occupational Employment Projections to 2010.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employment in professional and related occupations and service occupations will increase the fastest and add the most jobs from 2000 to 2010. Changes in technology or business operations will cause the largest declines in occupational demand. Occupations requiring a postsecondary award or academic degree will account for 42 percent of total job…

Hecker, Daniel E.

2001-01-01

142

Accident resistant transport container  

DOEpatents

The invention relates to a container for the safe air transport of plutonium having several intermediate wood layers and a load spreader intermediate an inner container and an outer shell for mitigation of shock during a hypothetical accident.

Andersen, John A. (Albuquerque, NM); Cole, James K. (Albuquerque, NM)

1980-01-01

143

Accident management information needs  

SciTech Connect

In support of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Accident Management Research Program, a methodology has been developed for identifying the plant information needs necessary for personnel involved in the management of an accident to diagnose that an accident is in progress, select and implement strategies to prevent or mitigate the accident, and monitor the effectiveness of these strategies. This report describes the methodology and presents an application of this methodology to a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) with a large dry containment. A risk-important severe accident sequence for a PWR is used to examine the capability of the existing measurements to supply the necessary information. The method includes an assessment of the effects of the sequence on the measurement availability including the effects of environmental conditions. The information needs and capabilities identified using this approach are also intended to form the basis for more comprehensive information needs assessment performed during the analyses and development of specific strategies for use in accident management prevention and mitigation. 3 refs., 16 figs., 7 tabs.

Hanson, D.J.; Ward, L.W.; Nelson, W.R.; Meyer, O.R. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

1990-04-01

144

Occupational health in India.  

PubMed

The population of India has crossed the billion mark; only one other country (China) shares this distinction. A declining female population and low literacy are negatives in an otherwise vibrant country. The empowerment of females and their role in society has become a point of debate, and radical economic changes are likely, to allow India to join the global economy. Problems in occupational health and safety (OHS) include: OHS legislation that covers only a minority of the working population; child labour; a physician-driven OHS model; little attention to industrial hygiene; poor surveillance of occupational diseases (making it impossible to gauge the burden of illness due to occupational exposures); and a fragile OHS academic base. A silver lining comprises the inclusion of OHS in national health policy and the decision by the Indian Medical Association to educate its members in occupational health. India urgently requires modern OHS legislation with adequate enforcement machinery, and establishment of centres of excellence in occupational medicine, to catch up with the rest of the world. PMID:12028949

Joshi, Tushar Kant; Smith, Kirk R

2002-01-01

145

[Somnology and occupational safety].  

PubMed

Somnology has saved up enough great volume of objective knowledge of negative effects of a lack of the sleep, the raised drowsiness and sleep pathologies for health of people and occupational safety to formulate this knowledge in the accessible form for a society and acceptance by the state of acts and the organizational actions preventing these negative effects. The necessity of the salvation of these problems has led to occurrence of a new area of occupational sleep medicine, which problem is the analysis of influence of physiological mechanisms ofa sleep and functioning circadian systems on efficiency of professional activity and health of people. For a designation of the various items causing infringements of professional work use the term fatique. It is believed that fatigue development is connected with three major factors: deficiency of a sleep - defined by duration of previous wakefulness and a sleep, time-of-day and at last, task-related factors. Within the limits of approaches developed the occupational sleep medicine had been formulated the Fatigue Risk Management System. In the Russian literature there is a lack of the information on influence of mechanisms of a sleep on occupational safety, therefore the review will be interesting to a wide range of the experts dealing with the analysis of the human factor, health and an occupational safety PMID:23697221

Dorokhov, V B

2013-01-01

146

Occupation and gastric cancer  

PubMed Central

Gastric cancer is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality. There are several risk factors, with occupation emerging as one of these. There is considerable evidence that occupations in coal and tin mining, metal processing, particularly steel and iron, and rubber manufacturing industries lead to an increased risk of gastric cancer. Other "dusty" occupations—for example, wood processing, or work in high temperature environments have also been implicated but the evidence is not strong. The mechanism of pathogenesis of gastric cancer is unclear and the identification of causative agents can be difficult. Dust is thought to be a contributor to the pathological process, but well known carcinogens such as N-nitroso compounds have been detected in some environments. Further research on responsible agents is necessary and screening for detection of precursor gastric cancer lesions at the workplace merits consideration. PMID:12782770

Raj, A; Mayberry, J; Podas, T

2003-01-01

147

[Accidents affecting potato harvesters].  

PubMed

During industrialization in agriculture, many farming machines have been introduced. It is well-known that farming is a dangerous workplace and that farm machinery cause many serious accidents every year. Four cases of accidents with potato harvesters are discussed. In three of four cases the farmers were injured while cleaning the machine without stopping it, which probably was the main cause of the accidents. Farmers are in general not careful enough when using farm machinery. Every year, farmers in Denmark are severely invalided in accidents with potato harvesters. A strategy to lower the accidents is proposed: 1. Information of farmers, farmer schools, machine constructors and importers about mechanisms of injury. 2. A better education of farmers in using potato harvesters (and other farming machines). 3. Better fencing of the potato harvesters. 4. If possibly constructional changes in the potato harvesters so things will not get stuck, or so that the machine will stop if things stuck. 5. Installation of switches on potato harvesters, which can be reached from all positions, stopping the machines immediately, or a remote switch control carried by the farmer. PMID:8212405

Hansen, J U

1993-09-27

148

Occupational lung cancer  

SciTech Connect

The overall importance of occupational agents as a cause of lung cancer has been a controversial subject since the 1970s. A federal report, released in the late 1970s, projected a surprisingly high burden of occupational lung cancer; for asbestos and four other agents, from 61,000 to 98,000 cases annually were attributed to these agents alone. Many estimates followed, some much more conservative. For example, Doll and Peto estimated that 15% of lung cancer in men and 5% in women could be attributed to occupational exposures. A number of population-based case-control studies also provide relevant estimates. In a recent literature review, Vineis and Simonato cited attributable risk estimates for occupation and lung cancer that ranged from 4% to 40%; for asbestos alone, the estimates ranged from 1% to 5%. These estimates would be expected to vary across locations and over time. Nevertheless, these recent estimates indicate that occupation remains an important cause of lung cancer. Approaches to Prevention. Prevention of lung cancer mortality among workers exposed to agents or industrial processes that cause lung cancer may involve several strategies, including eliminating or reducing exposures, smoking cessation, screening, and chemo-prevention. For example, changes in industrial processes that have eliminated or reduced exposures to chloromethyl ethers and nickel compounds have provided evidence of reduced risk of lung cancer following these changes. Although occupational exposures are important causes of lung cancer, cigarette smoking is the most important preventable cause of lung cancer. For adults, the work site offers an important location to target smoking cessation efforts. In fact, the work site may be the only place to reach many smokers.

Coultas, D.B.; Samet, J.M. (Department of Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque (United States))

1992-06-01

149

Accidents in Childhood  

PubMed Central

The causes of injury to 17,141 children brought to the emergency department of a large pediatric hospital in one year were studied. The leading causes of injury were: falls, 5682; cuts or piercings, 1902; poisonings, 1597; and transportation accidents, 1368. Included in these are 587 falls on or down stairs, 401 cuts due to glass, 630 poisonings from household or workshop substances, 510 poisonings from salicylate tablets, and 449 accidents involving bicycles or tricycles. Other findings included 333 injuries to fingers or hands in doors, usually car doors; 122 instances of pulled arms; 384 ingestions and 53 inhalations of foreign bodies; 60 alleged sexual assaults, 58 chemical burns, 127 wringer injuries, and four attempted suicides. A rewarding opportunity in accident prevention exists for hospitals that undertake to compile and distribute pertinent source data. PMID:14201260

Keddy, J. Arthur

1964-01-01

150

Injuries are not accidents  

PubMed Central

Injuries are the result of an acute exposure to exhort of energy or a consequence of a deficiency in a vital element that exceeds physiological thresholds resulting threatens life. They are classified as intentional or unintentional. Injuries are considered a global health issue because they cause more than 5 million deaths per year worldwide and they are an important contributor to the burden of disease, especially affecting people of low socioeconomic status in low- and middle-income countries. A common misconception exists where injuries are thought to be the same as accidents; however, accidents are largely used as chance events, without taken in consideration that all these are preventable. This review discusses injuries and accidents in the context of road traffic and emphasizes injuries as preventable events. An understanding of the essence of injuries enables the standardization of terminology in public use and facilitates the development of a culture of prevention among all of us. PMID:25386040

Gutierrez, Maria Isabel

2014-01-01

151

Occupational injury and fatality investigations: the application of forensic nursing science.  

PubMed

The forensic evaluation of trauma in occupational injuries and fatalities can provide the benefit of a more thorough analysis of incident causation. Forensic nursing science applied during workplace investigations can assist investigators to determine otherwise unknown crucial aspects of the incident circumstances that are important to event reconstruction, the enforcement of occupational health and safety requirements, and the direction of workplace prevention initiatives. Currently, a medical and forensic medical knowledge gap exists in the subject-matter expertise associated with occupational accident investigations. This gap can be bridged with the integration of forensic nursing in the investigation of workplace fatalities and serious injuries. PMID:24256981

Harris, Colin

2013-01-01

152

An accident analysis of the physical plant of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas  

E-print Network

Month, 46 4. Time Di, stribution of Accidents 49 5. Injuries Pex Salary Level 6. Injuries Pex Age Gxoup 7. Length of Employxnent of Injured 53 57 58 CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND DEFINITIONS OF TERMS USED The first objective of an accident... Recommended Practice for Compiling Industrial Accident Causes (New York: American Standards Assocation), Z16. 2. 1. Nature of injury, 2, Location of injury, 3. Day of week, 4. Time of day, 5. Occupation of the injured, 6. Part of the Physical Plant...

Allen, Gary James

2012-06-07

153

Occupation and lymphoid neoplasms.  

PubMed Central

The relationship between occupation and exposure to a number of occupational agents and lymphoid neoplasms was investigated in a case-control study of 69 cases of Hodgkin's disease, 153 non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, 110 multiple myelomas and 396 controls admitted for acute diseases to a network of teaching and general hospitals in the greater Milan area. Among the cases, there was a significant excess of individuals ever occupied in agriculture and food processing: the multivariate relative risks (RR) were 2.1 (95% confidence interval, CI = 1.0-3.8) for Hodgkin's disease, 1.9 (95% CI = 1.2-3.0) for non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and 2.0 (95% CI = 1.1-3.5) for multiple myeloma. Significant trends for duration of exposure to herbicides were observed for lymphomas, but the association was stronger for overall occupation in agriculture than with the specific question of herbicide use. History of occupation in the chemical industry was more frequent among Hodgkin's disease (RR = 4.3, 95% CI = 1.4-10.2), and a significant trend in risk was observed between duration of exposure to benzene and other solvents and multiple myeloma. No significant relation was found between any of the lymphoid neoplasms considered and rubber, dye, painting, printing, tanning leather, photography, pharmaceuticals, wood, coal/gas and nuclear industries. PMID:2789947

La Vecchia, C.; Negri, E.; D'Avanzo, B.; Franceschi, S.

1989-01-01

154

Occupational Needs Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to determine community needs and preferences with regard to vocational education, the Cerritos Community College District surveyed 1,386 Cerritos College students, 896 students in area adult schools, 126 participants in regional occupational programs, and 258 community residents. A 46-item questionnaire focused on: (1) preferences for…

Stewart, Betsy

155

Hospitality Occupations. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide on the hospitality occupations was developed to help secondary and postsecondary home economics teachers prepare individuals for entry-level jobs in the hospitality industry. The content is in seven sections. The first section presents organizational charts of a medium-size hotel, food and beverage division, housekeeping and…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of Homemaking Education.

156

Diversified Occupations I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide consists of materials for use in presenting the first year of a two-year course in diversified occupations that is designed to teach job search and job-holding skills to disadvantaged and English as a second language (ESL) students. Addressed in the 25 units included in the guide are the following topics: the purposes of…

Noto, Jody

157

Occupational Training in Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A significant amount of on-the-job occupational training is occurring in the private sector, though the data on its extent and nature are extremely sketchy. Estimates of total economic costs in the 1974-75 period range from a crude measure of 100 billion dollars to one that is somewhat more reliable of about 40 to 50 billion dollars. Most of this…

Stromsdorfer, Ernst W.; Barclay, Suzanne

158

Occupational medicine for policing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A wide variety of medical conditions may be associated with police work. Unlike other occupations where a specific link can be traced between an exposure or an action and a specific pathology, the link between police work and disease is more problematic.The medical conditions which seem to be associated with police work are all conditions for which numerous other risk

A Trottier; J Brown

1995-01-01

159

Occupational Female Reproductive Hazards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The survival of a species depends on the integrity of its reproductive system. Damage by physical or chemical agents to the sperm, ovum or fertilised ovum may cause infertility, spontaneous abortion and birth defects, or may result in mutations that are passed on to future generations. When considering occupational exposures that may damage reproductive processes, the hazard to both men

Swati D. Jadav

2004-01-01

160

Occupationally Oriented IA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The occupationally oriented industrial arts program at Lee's Summit Senior High School, Missouri, offers general shop exploratory courses in multiple-activity laboratories at the ninth grade level, leading to unit general laboratory programs in grades 10 through 12 in drafting, wood, metals, basic electricity/electronics, and graphic…

Stone, Thurman L.

1977-01-01

161

Occupational Hazards of Farming  

PubMed Central

A number of occupational hazards exist for the farmer and farm worker. They include the hazards of farm machinery, biologic and chemical hazards, and social and environmental stresses. Recognizing of these hazards will help the family physician care for farmers and their families. PMID:21248929

White, Gill; Cessna, Allan

1989-01-01

162

Building Industries Occupations: Syllabus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Building Industries Occupations course is a two-year program of approximately 160 three-period teaching days per year. The required course content is designed to be effectively taught in 80 percent of the total course time, thus allowing 20 percent of the time for instruction adapted to such local conditions as employment prospects, student…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

163

Evaluating Occupational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stresses the importance of evaluating occupational programs on a regular basis. Offers a brief explanation of the approaches to program evaluation taken at the Dallas County Community College District (TX), South Puget Sound Community College (WA), and Triton College (IL). Offers a list of references on program evaluation. (CBC)

Long, James P.

1987-01-01

164

Occupational hazards of farming.  

PubMed

A number of occupational hazards exist for the farmer and farm worker. They include the hazards of farm machinery, biologic and chemical hazards, and social and environmental stresses. Recognizing of these hazards will help the family physician care for farmers and their families. PMID:21248929

White, G; Cessna, A

1989-11-01

165

Occupational Therapist Assistants and Aides  

MedlinePLUS

... Offices of physical, occupational and speech therapists, and audiologists 35% Nursing and residential care facilities 22 Hospitals; ... Offices of physical, occupational and speech therapists, and audiologists 33% Hospitals; state, local, and private 32 Nursing ...

166

Identifying Occupationally Specific Affective Behaviors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from two groups of cosmetology instructors (n=15) and two groups of machinist instructors (n=17) validated the Occupational Affective Behavior Analysis instrument as capable of identifying affective behaviors viewed as important to success in a given occupation. (SK)

Pucel, David J.

1993-01-01

167

Occupational Injuries, Illnesses and Fatalities  

MedlinePLUS

... decade. More » Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days Away From Work November 26, 2013 The rate ... PDF 62K) Nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses requiring days away from work ( HTML ) ( PDF ) Archived Census of ...

168

Occupational Exposure to HIV Among Health Care Providers: A Qualitative Study in Yunnan, China  

PubMed Central

With the HIV/AIDS epidemic spreading, health care providers (HCPs) in China are facing a growing risk of occupational exposure to and infection with HIV. There is a need to describe occupational exposure cases and compliance with postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) guidelines among HCPs. Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with 33 HCPs in Yunnan Province, China. Information about occupational exposures the HCPs and their co-workers experienced was collected and analyzed using ATLAS.ti. Most occupational exposure accidents happened during emergencies, when HCPs did not have time to consider self-protection. Exposure to HIV caused exposed HCPs severe adverse psychological pressure, such as stress and anxiety. Compliance with PEP guidelines among participants was poor; barriers to better compliance were identified. This study underscored the importance of institutional support in promoting compliance with PEP guidelines among exposed providers. Further training and emphasis on universal precautions and PEP guidelines may reduce the risk of occupational infections. PMID:17641135

Lin, Chunqing; Li, Li; Wu, Zunyou; Wu, Sheng; Jia, Manhong

2009-01-01

169

Accidents at Work and Costs Analysis: A Field Study in a Large Italian Company  

PubMed Central

Accidents at work are still a heavy burden in social and economic terms, and action to improve health and safety standards at work offers great potential gains not only to employers, but also to individuals and society as a whole. However, companies often are not interested to measure the costs of accidents even if cost information may facilitate preventive occupational health and safety management initiatives. The field study, carried out in a large Italian company, illustrates technical and organisational aspects associated with the implementation of an accident costs analysis tool. The results indicate that the implementation (and the use) of the tool requires a considerable commitment by the company, that accident costs analysis should serve to reinforce the importance of health and safety prevention and that the economic dimension of accidents is substantial. The study also suggests practical ways to facilitate the implementation and the moral acceptance of the accounting technology. PMID:24869894

BATTAGLIA, Massimo; FREY, Marco; PASSETTI, Emilio

2014-01-01

170

Occupational hazards in plastic surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The occurrence of occupational disorders among plastic surgeons has not had much attention in the literature thus far. A case of a plastic surgeon with distal interphalangeal arthrosis, considered to represent an occupational disorder, is presented. In a review of the literature, possible occupational hazards in plastic surgery are discussed.

J. J. Hage; H. M. Suliman; J. Verhagen; F. G. Bouman

1995-01-01

171

Instructional Materials for Occupational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The resource guide of instructional materials is one of two guides developed by 84 occupational education teachers in the State of New York, each experienced with the designated high school population. The assessment instrument developed to evaluate the occupational education materials is included. The occupational education materials are grouped…

State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Cornell Inst. for Research and Development in Occupational Education.

172

Occupational Employment Projections through 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents current and projected occupational employment estimates that were developed by industry and are part of a national industry-occupational employment matrix. The data from this matrix will be the basis of the information in the 1984-85 education of the Occupational Outlook Handbook to be issued in the Spring of 1984. (NRJ)

Silvestri, George T.; And Others

1983-01-01

173

Janet Craig Occupational Health Manager  

E-print Network

of Occupational Safety and Health Emerging trends - Government strategy for Health and Work Service Dame Carol, safety and wellbeing of staff and students · Review and develop Occupational Health support across20/02/2014 1 Janet Craig Occupational Health Manager RGN BSc RSCPHN(OH) 1556 1700 Bauer 1494

Schnaufer, Achim

174

2014OCCUPATIONAL & ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE SYMPOSIUM  

E-print Network

Davis Health System CA Poison Control Studies in Occupational and Environmental Toxicology Timur S2014OCCUPATIONAL & ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE SYMPOSIUM 32ND ANNUAL MAY 9-10, 2014 Friday, May 9th CreditsTM and ABPM MOC Credit The American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Leistikow, Bruce N.

175

Anthropometric differences among occupational groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing demands for anthropometric information for the design of machinery and personal protective equipment to prevent occupational injuries has necessitated an understanding of the anthropometric differences to be found among occupations. This study identified differences in various body measurements between occupational groups in the USA, as determined in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Approximately 16,000 of

Hongwei Hsiao; Daniel Long; Karl Snyder

2002-01-01

176

Stress, violations and accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sources of stress among Western Australian car and truck drivers were investigated using an extended version of the Driver Behaviour Inventory (DBI) developed by Gulian et a\\/(1989). The associations between reported stress and drivers' accident or violation records were also examined. The DBI was mailed to two groups each of 500 truck drivers with 'high' or 'low' traffic violation involvements

L. R. Hartley; J. El Hassani

1994-01-01

177

The epistemics of accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human intervention has played a critical role in the causes of many major accidents. At Three Mile Island, the operators isolated a reactor from its heat sink. The pilots of the Boeing 737 at Kegworth managed to shut down their one functioning engine. Staff continued to allow trains to deposit passengers in Kings’ Cross after the fire had started. In

C. W. Johnson

1997-01-01

178

Physics in Accident Investigations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes physics formulas which can be used by law enforcement officials to determine the possible velocity of vehicles involved in traffic accidents. These include, among others, the slide to stop-level road, slide to stop-sloping roadway, and slide to stop-two different surfaces formulas. (JN)

Brake, Mary L.

1981-01-01

179

49 CFR 195.50 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Reporting accidents. 195.50 Section 195.50 ...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.50 Reporting accidents. An accident report is...

2011-10-01

180

49 CFR 195.50 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Reporting accidents. 195.50 Section 195.50 ...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.50 Reporting accidents. An accident report is...

2012-10-01

181

49 CFR 195.50 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Reporting accidents. 195.50 Section 195.50 ...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.50 Reporting accidents. An accident report is...

2010-10-01

182

Student manual, Book 2: Orientation to occupational safety compliance in DOE  

SciTech Connect

This is a student hand-book an Occupational Safety Compliance in DOE. Topics include the following: Electrical; materials handling & storage; inspection responsibilities & procedures; general environmental controls; confined space entry; lockout/tagout; office safety, ergonomics & human factors; medical & first aid, access to records; construction safety; injury/illness reporting system; and accident investigation procedures.

Colley, D.L.

1993-10-01

183

TREE FAILURES AND ACCIDENTS IN  

E-print Network

TREE FAILURES AND ACCIDENTS IN RECREATION AREAS : A Guide to Data Management for Hazard Control.DEPARTMENT O F AGRICULTURE GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT PSW- 24 #12;TREE FAILURES AND ACCIDENTS IN RECREATION and accidents in recreation areas: A guide to data management for hazard control. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-24, 30 p

Standiford, Richard B.

184

UWO Vehicle ACCIDENT REPORTING FORM  

E-print Network

UWO Vehicle ­ ACCIDENT REPORTING FORM To be completed at the scene. (Important: Do not admit a detailed description of the accident and record all relevant information on this form. File this report, 1001 Brydges Street London, if necessary. Date of Accident:_______________________________ Time

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

185

Occupational medicine for policing.  

PubMed

A wide variety of medical conditions may be associated with police work. Unlike other occupations where a specific link can be traced between an exposure or an action and a specific pathology, the link between police work and disease is more problematic. The medical conditions which seem to be associated with police work are all conditions for which numerous other risk factors are identifiable. These risk factors include physical inactivity, poor nutritional practices, cigarette smoking and alcohol overuse. While it is undoubtedly desirable to minimise these risk factors in any patient population it is imperative, given the increased risks among police personnel, that aggressive attempts he undertaken to reduce cumulative risks. The physician plays an important part in this process by screening for specific conditions associated with police work, by educating the police officer about increased risks and by encouraging lifestyle choices that will reduce risk. It is also important that the physician encourages the use of personal protective equipment where appropriate. Periodic health assessment of police officers by a physician knowledgeable about police work should include education about the risks associated with the occupation and about methods to reduce risk. The physician should also enquire about exposures to violent or dangerous occurrences and should include assessment for possible emotional sequelae of such exposure. Operational procedures designed to reduce risk of violence and to improve police officer safety and survival are appropriate but are not in the normal realm of the physician. The question of whether a medical condition may be attributable to the occupation of policing is liable to produce strong emotions. When a police officer becomes ill there is an understandable desire on the part of other officers and, often, on the part of the public, to attempt to demonstrate a connection between the occupation and the illness. In line with this tendency several US states have policies in place to unquestioningly accept atherosclerotic heart disease among police officers as 'occupationally induced' for pension purposes. This leads to situations where the scientific evidence may be at odds with the political agenda of individuals and groups participating in the determination. This review will examine the evidence for a number of medical conditions. Specific occupational exposures, such as lead exposure among ballistics specialists, or chemical exposure among forensic laboratory workers are addressed elsewhere. Biohazard risks will be addressed in a later review. PMID:15335658

Trottier, A; Brown, J

1995-06-01

186

Biological effects of radiation accidents on humans. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the impact of radiation accidents on humans. Citations discuss exposure assessment, malfunction and misuse of radiation sources, dosimetry, radiation epidemiology, radiation-induced neoplasms, and nuclear facility licensing. Environmental and occupational exposures, case studies, nuclear fallout, and radiation effects on food chains are examined. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1995-06-01

187

Accident externality and vehicle size  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vehicle mass is a crucial factor for the distribution of injuries between occupants in involved vehicles in a two-vehicle crash. A larger vehicle mass protects the occupants in the vehicle while on the same time inflicts a higher injury risk on the occupants in the collision partner. This mass externality can be internalized to reach a situation where the drivers

Lina Jonsson; Gunnar Lindberg

2009-01-01

188

Health Occupations. Education for Employment Task Lists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The duties and tasks found in these task lists form the basis of instructional content for secondary, postsecondary, and adult occupational training programs for health occupations. The health occupations are divided into five clusters. The clusters and occupations are: health occupations, nursing occupations (home health aide, geriatric aide,…

Lake County Area Vocational Center, Grayslake, IL.

189

Occupational lung disease in China.  

PubMed

Occupational lung disease has been a major public health problem in China. The recently transformed industrial structure and expansion of the industrial labor force, accompanying the rapid industrialization and economic growth, pose both tremendous challenges and opportunities for occupational health policy and research. New occupational health problems are emerging, while the traditional occupational lung disease continued to occur. Simultaneously, relevant scientific research and professional activities have accelerated notably. The progress and achievement in occupational health research are creating more powerful forces in eliminating industrial hazards and protecting workers' health in China. PMID:14664484

Wang, Xiao-Rong; Christiani, David C

2003-01-01

190

Biographical factors of occupational independence.  

PubMed

The present study examined biographical factors of occupational independence including any kind of nonemployed profession. Participants were 59 occupationally independent and 58 employed persons of different age (M = 36.3 yr.), sex, and profession. They were interviewed on variables like family influence, educational background, occupational role models, and critical events for choosing a particular type of occupational career. The obtained results show that occupationally independent people reported stronger family ties, experienced fewer restrictions of formal education, and remembered fewer negative role models than the employed people. Implications of these results are discussed. PMID:11783553

Müller, G F

2001-10-01

191

Effects of Occupational Status and Occupational Sex Typing on Sex Differences in Reactions to Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research suggests that occupational status is crucial in determining women's and men's occupational preferences. To examine individuals' reactions to occupations that varied in status and sex-typing, 184 college students (102 females, 82 males) rated items in the Career Expectations Booklet. Subjects indicated their affective reactions,…

Gaeddert, William P.; And Others

192

Occupational and environmental radiation and cancer.  

PubMed

Epidemiologic evidence on the relation between occupational and environmental radiation and cancer is reviewed. Studies of pioneering radiation workers, underground miners, and radium dial painters revealed excess cancer deaths and contributed to the setting of radiation protection standards and to theories of carcinogenesis. Occupational exposures today are generally much lower than in the past, thus any associated increases in cancer will be difficult to detect. Pooling investigations of these more recently exposed workers, however, has the potential to validate current estimates of risk used in radiation protection. New information on the effects of chronic radiation exposure also may come from studies in the former Soviet Union of Chernobyl clean-up workers and of workers at the Mayak nuclear facilities. Studies of environmental radiation exposures, other than radon, are largely inconclusive, due mainly to the difficulties in detecting the low risks associated with low dose exposures. Thyroid cancer, however, has been linked to environmental radiation from the Chernobyl accident and from nuclear weapons tests. Low-level radiation released during normal operations at nuclear plants has not been found to increase cancer rates in surrounding populations. Radon, a human carcinogen, is the most ubiquitous exposure to human populations; remediating high residential-radon levels is recommended, recognizing that the exposure can never be removed completely because it occurs naturally. PMID:9498895

Boice, J D; Lubin, J H

1997-05-01

193

Occupational Contact Dermatitis  

PubMed Central

Occupational contact dermatitis accounts for 90% of all cases of work-related cutaneous disorders. It can be divided into irritant contact dermatitis, which occurs in 80% of cases, and allergic contact dermatitis. In most cases, both types will present as eczematous lesions on exposed parts of the body, notably the hands. Accurate diagnosis relies on meticulous history taking, thorough physical examination, careful reading of Material Safety Data Sheets to distinguish between irritants and allergens, and comprehensive patch testing to confirm or rule out allergic sensitization. This article reviews the pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of occupational contact dermatitis and provides diagnostic guidelines and a rational approach to management of these often frustrating cases. PMID:20525126

2008-01-01

194

Applying STAMP in Accident Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Accident models play a critical role in accident investigation and analysis. Most traditional models are based on an underlying chain of events. These models, however, have serious limitations when used for complex, socio-technical systems. Previously, Leveson proposed a new accident model (STAMP) based on system theory. In STAMP, the basic concept is not an event but a constraint. This paper shows how STAMP can be applied to accident analysis using three different views or models of the accident process and proposes a notation for describing this process.

Leveson, Nancy; Daouk, Mirna; Dulac, Nicolas; Marais, Karen

2003-01-01

195

Aircraft accidents : method of analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The revised report includes the chart for the analysis of aircraft accidents, combining consideration of the immediate causes, underlying causes, and results of accidents, as prepared by the special committee, with a number of the definitions clarified. A brief statement of the organization and work of the special committee and of the Committee on Aircraft Accidents; and statistical tables giving a comparison of the types of accidents and causes of accidents in the military services on the one hand and in civil aviation on the other, together with explanations of some of the important differences noted in these tables.

1931-01-01

196

Occupation and pregnancy outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over a two year period, 1982-4, 56067 women, delivered or treated for a spontaneous abortion in 11 Montreal hospitals covering 90% of such admissions, were interviewed in detail regarding their occupational, social, and personal characteristics in their most recent and past pregnancies--104,649 in all. These data were analysed in relation to four main adverse outcomes--spontaneous abortion, stillbirth (without defect), congenital

A D McDonald; J C McDonald; B Armstrong; N Cherry; C Delorme; A D-Nolin; D Robert

1987-01-01

197

[Occupational and familial sporotrichosis].  

PubMed

The incidence of occupational mycoses and the main criteria to make a correct diagnosis are commented. The sources of infection of the superficial and deep professional mycotic infections are analysed. The occurrence of an epidemic outbreak of sporotrichosis in 13 members of one family is reported. The parents and 11 sibling were infected with the grass utilized for the filling of mattress, in a small domestic craftsmanship. PMID:7026938

Furtado, T; Armond, S

1981-01-01

198

Occupational cancer in Germany.  

PubMed

As in probably mostly all other European countries, the incidence of occupational cancer in Germany increased steadily after World War II. In 1994 about 1,600 cases of occupational cancer were compensated--more than ever before. More than half of these cases were lung cancer, most caused either by asbestos (n=545) or by ionizing radiation ((italic)n(/italic)=306). Other frequent target organs of asbestos were the pleura and the peritoneum with 495 cases of mesotheliomas. Asbestos was the single most important risk factor for occupational cancer, causing more than 1000 deaths per year. All other malignant diseases, such as bladder cancer, leukemia, angiosarcoma of the liver, adenocarcinoma of the nose or nasal sinuses, and skin cancer, were comparatively rare. Although primary exposure to ionizing radiation in uranium ore mining occurred in the 1950s and attributable lung cancers seem to be on the decline, this is not true for asbestos, where the peak incidence in lung cancer and mesothelioma has not been reached yet. PMID:10350508

Brüske-Hohlfeld, I

1999-05-01

199

Accident rates and types among self-employed private forest owners.  

PubMed

Half of all Swedish forests are owned by private individuals, and at least 215,000 people work in these privately owned forest holdings. However, only lethal accidents are systematically monitored among self-employed forest workers. Therefore, data from the registries of the Swedish Work Environment Authority, the Labor Insurance Organization and the regional University Hospital in Umeå were gathered to allow us to perform a more in-depth assessment of the rate and types of accidents that occurred among private forest owners. We found large differences between the registries in the type and number of accidents that were reported. We encountered difficulties in defining "self-employed forest worker" and also in determining whether the accidents that did occur happened during work or leisure time. Consequently, the estimates for the accident rate that we obtained varied from 32 to > or = 4300 injured persons per year in Sweden, depending on the registry that was consulted, the definition of the sample population that was used, and the accident severity definition that was employed. Nevertheless, the different registries gave a consistent picture of the types of accidents that occur while individuals are participating in self-employed forestry work. Severe accidents were relatively common, as self-employed forestry work fatalities constituted 7% of the total number of fatalities in the work authority registry. Falling trees were associated with many of these fatal accidents as well as with accidents that resulted in severe non-fatal injuries. Thus, unsafe work methods appeared more related to the occurrence of an accident than the equipment that was being used at the time of the accident (e.g., a chainsaw). Improvement of the workers' skills should therefore be considered to be an important prevention measure that should be undertaken in this field. The challenges in improving the safety in these smallest of companies, which fall somewhere between the purview of occupational and consumer safety, are exemplified and discussed. PMID:20728623

Lindroos, Ola; Burström, Lage

2010-11-01

200

Risk of fatal accidents occurring other than at sea among Icelandic seamen.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To study mortality among seamen, particularly from fatal accidents that occurred other than at sea. DESIGN--Cohort study. SETTING--Iceland. SUBJECTS--27,884 seamen, both fishermen and sailors from the merchant fleet, who had been members of a pension fund from 1958 to 1986. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Cause of death (ICD seventh revision), standardised mortality ratio. RESULTS--Most standardised mortality ratios were greater than 1, being 1.26 for all causes and 1.83 for all external causes. There was no healthy worker effect. The excess of deaths from all external causes included all subcategories of death from accidents, poisonings, and violence and not just accidents at sea (water transport accidents, ICD codes E850-E858). A significant trend was found for length of employment and mortality from all accidents at sea, drowning at sea, accidental poisoning, other accidents, and accidental drowning; correlation coefficients for all causes, all accidents, suicide, and injuries undetermined whether accidentally or purposely inflicted were 0.7-0.8. Compared with seamen who started work during 1968-77, those who started work in 1978 or later had higher mortality from all causes, road traffic accidents, poisoning, other accidents, homicide, and injuries unknown whether accidentally or purposely inflicted, but not from all accidents at sea and accidental drowning. CONCLUSION--Seamen seem to be a special group with a high risk of fatal accidents occurring not only at sea. The association between fatal accidents other than at sea and length of employment as seamen indicates that seamen are modified by their occupation towards hazardous behaviour or a risky lifestyle. PMID:8518604

Rafnsson, V; Gunnarsdottir, H

1993-01-01

201

[Certified occupational physician system of Japan Society for Occupational Health].  

PubMed

Certified Occupational Physician System (COPS) of Japan Society for Occupational Health has been in existence for 21 years, since 1992. UOEH has supported this system as a secretary general. In this report, we review the 2012 revision of COPS. With the new title of Certified Associate Occupational Physician (CAOP), this revision was established to produce well-educated and experienced occupational physicians. The title of COP is not competitive but independent to other titles such as occupational physician, medical advisor in industrial health or industrial health consultant. In addition, the aim of COPS is not the replacement to these existing systems. Furthermore, the COP should be active in industrial and occupational health, and should cooperate with existing systems through the sharing of experience and knowledge. PMID:24107332

Ogami, Akira; Higashi, Toshiaki

2013-10-01

202

[Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident and Tokaimura criticality accident].  

PubMed

It is clear from inspection of historical incidents that the scale of disasters in a nuclear power plant accident is quite low level overwhelmingly compared with a nuclear explosion in nuclear war. Two cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were destroyed by nuclear blast with about 20 kt TNT equivalent and then approximately 100,000 people have died respectively. On the other hand, the number of acute death is 30 in the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident. In this chapter, we review health hazards and doses in two historical nuclear incidents of Chernobyl and Tokaimura criticality accident and then understand the feature of the radiation accident in peaceful utilization of nuclear power. PMID:22514916

Takada, Jun

2012-03-01

203

Occupational hazards of farriers.  

PubMed

A farrier is a specialist in the shoeing of horses. It has been estimated that in the United States over 8 million horses are ridden for show and pleasure. These horses need hoof and leg care. The farrier does give this care and in so doing is subject to occupational hazards. These hazards cover a wide range and include bites from horses and farmer's dogs, ergonomic problems, noise and exposure to metal and welding fumes. Many of the hazards he encounters are unique to his profession. PMID:6702595

Holler, A C

1984-01-01

204

[Medicolegal aspects of occupational dermatitis].  

PubMed

Occupational dermatitis is very common with considerable social and economic implications. Routine screening for occupational factors is essential since it may be necessary to introduce preventive measures and compensation could be due to the patient. The general practitioner may be assisted either by the occupational therapist or by specialised services to help the patient take the administrative steps necessary in order to identify a professional disease. PMID:19686905

Frimat, P; Fantoni-Quinton, S

2009-01-01

205

Adolescents, anxiety, and occupational performance.  

E-print Network

??Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent mental health disorders in adolescents. This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between anxiety symptoms and occupational performance in… (more)

Horkoff, Michelle J.

2012-01-01

206

[Current trends in occupational dermatology].  

PubMed

In clinical practice occupational skin diseases usually present as hand dermatitis. Occupationally acquired contact allergies are of eminent relevance in many work place products e.g. skin care products, dyes and paints, epoxy resins or protective gloves. However, not infrequently, a range of other dermatoses of different etiology and localization can be occupationally induced and, at least in Germany, thus be medically treated and-if necessary-compensated for with full coverage by the statutory employers' liability insurance. Examples regarding non-eczematous skin diseases triggered by external factors are psoriatic lesions, cutaneous type-1-allergies, occupationally acquired infections, and dermatoses in other localizations which are occupationally exposed to irritant influences (e.g. feet in workers wearing occlusive safety boots). Moreover, outdoor workers deserve specific attention by the dermatologist if squamous cell carcinomas including precursor lesions like actinic keratoses or Bowen disease have occurred. In Germany, recently the scientific advisory committee to the Ministry of Labor has recommended including these skin cancers caused by occupational solar UV exposure in the national list of occupational diseases. The framework for dermatological preventive care of occupationally-induced inflammatory dermatoses has been continuously improved in the last years. The aim is to reach a similar level of care and preventive measures for patients with occupational skin cancer, including primary preventive workers' education. PMID:25359544

Skudlik, Christoph; Geier, Johannes; John, Swen Malte

2014-11-01

207

Occupational Health for Healthcare Providers  

MedlinePLUS

... prevention practices. They can reduce your risk of health problems. Use protective equipment, follow infection control guidelines, ... manage stress. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

208

Compensation for occupational diseases by chemical agents in Korea.  

PubMed

Investigation into the frequency of compensation for occupational diseases (ODs) caused by hazardous chemicals revealed an important opportunity for the improvement and further development of occupational health and safety systems in Korea. In response to concerns after outbreaks of disease due to chemical exposure, specific criteria for recognition of ODs were established and included in the Enforcement Decree of the Labor Standard Act (LSA) and the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act (IACIA) on June 28, 2013. However, the original versions of the LSA and IACIA contain several limitations. First, the criteria was listed inconsistently according to the symptoms or signs of acute poisoning. Second, all newly recognized hazardous chemicals and chemicals recognized as hazardous by the International Labor Organization (ILO) were not included in the LSA and IACIA. Although recent amendments have addressed these shortcomings, future amendments should strive to include all chemicals listed by the ILO and continuously add newly discovered hazardous chemicals as they are introduced into the workplace. PMID:25006329

Kwon, Soon-Chan; Roh, Soo-Yong; Lee, Ji-Hoon; Kim, Eun-A

2014-06-01

209

Occupational Causes of Sarcoidosis  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review Sarcoidosis, the multiorgan, granulomatous disease of unknown etiology, remains mysterious. Several important investigations in the past two years add to accumulating evidence for both occupational and environmental causes of granulomatous inflammation. Recent findings This review considers the most recent studies that contribute to the hypothesis that sarcoidosis occurs when individuals are exposed to foreign antigens and to inorganic particulates that promote inflammation. Major recent findings, such as those emerging from the study of World Trade Center responders, the study of nanoparticles, and cases of work-associated sarcoidosis support the probability that occupational, as well as environmental, exposures to inflammatory stimuli trigger sarcoidosis-like illness. Major recent studies of microbially-rich indoor environments, including moldy indoor workplaces and mycobacterially-contaminated settings, contribute to the evidence that a variety of microbial antigens serve as targets for the hypersensitivity immune response in an inflammatory milieu. Summary There is increasing evidence that sarcoidosis can occur in workplace settings in which there is exposure to both foreign antigens and inorganic triggers of inflammation that promote an exuberant granulomatous immune response. It is likely that sarcoidosis has more than one cause. PMID:22314258

Newman, Kira L.; Newman, Lee S.

2012-01-01

210

Occupational health problems among migrant and seasonal farm workers.  

PubMed Central

Migrant and seasonal farm workers are one of the most underserved and understudied populations in the United States. The total US population of such farm workers has been estimated at 5 million, of whom about 20% live or work in California. Farm workers perform strenuous tasks and are exposed to a wide variety of occupational risks and hazards. Low socioeconomic status and poor access to health care also contribute to existing health problems in this population. Potential farm work-related health problems include accidents, pesticide-related illnesses, musculoskeletal and soft-tissue disorders, dermatitis, noninfectious respiratory conditions, reproductive health problems, health problems of children of farm workers, climate-caused illnesses, communicable diseases, bladder and kidney disorders, and eye and ear problems. Few epidemiologic studies exist of these occupational health problems. No comprehensive epidemiologic studies have assessed the magnitude of occupational health problems among migrant and seasonal farm workers and their dependents. Although the migratory nature of this population makes long-term studies difficult, the development of standardized data collection instruments for health consequences and scientific assessment of farm work exposures and working conditions are vital to characterize and reduce the occupational health risks in farm workers. PMID:1413786

Mobed, K; Gold, E B; Schenker, M B

1992-01-01

211

Occupational Food Service Series. Duty Task List.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the occupational duty/task lists for six occupations in the occupational food service series. Each occupation is divided into three to eight duties. A separate page for each duty in the occupation lists the tasks in that duty along with its code number and columns to indicate whether that particular duty has been taught and…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

212

Occupational asthma and occupational rhinitis: The united airways disease model revisited  

E-print Network

1 Occupational asthma and occupational rhinitis: The united airways disease model revisited Jacques number: +33147107754; Fax number:+33147107768 Key words: occupational asthma, occupational rhinitis, high) Objectives: Whereas accumulating evidence indicates close associations between rhinitis and asthma, little

Boyer, Edmond

213

49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. 835...BOARD EMPLOYEES § 835.11 Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and...

2011-10-01

214

49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. 835...BOARD EMPLOYEES § 835.11 Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and...

2012-10-01

215

49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. 835...BOARD EMPLOYEES § 835.11 Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and...

2010-10-01

216

Rear-end accident victims. Importance of understanding the accident.  

PubMed Central

Family physicians regularly treat victims of rear-end vehicle accidents. This article describes how taking a detailed history of the accident and understanding the significance of the physical events is helpful in understanding and anticipating patients' morbidity and clinical course. Eight questions to ask patients are suggested to help physicians understand the severity of injury. PMID:8495140

Sehmer, J. M.

1993-01-01

217

Stress in accident and post-accident management at Chernobyl  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of the Chernobyl nuclear accident on the psychology of the affected population have been much discussed. The psychological dimension has been advanced as a factor explaining the emergence, from 1990 onwards, of a post-accident crisis in the main CIS countries affected. This article presents the conclusions of a series of European studies, which focused on the consequences of

Philippe Girard; Gilles Heriard Dubreuil

1996-01-01

218

Occupational Segregation: Analysis and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an overview of occupational segregation, which keeps women in lower-paying job categories, especially as this segregation pertains to federal job programs. The first two sections of the paper survey occupational segregation in general, examining the statistics which show that women are heavily concentrated into a very limited…

Millsap, Mary Ann

219

Occupational Interstitial Lung Disease Update  

Microsoft Academic Search

Overview Occupational exposures produce a wide range of interstitial lung disorders. Occupational etiologies account for a significant portion of all interstitial lung disease (ILD), and new causes continue to be described. All of these disorders are preventable with the reduction or elimination of workplace exposure. This chapter highlights the common, persistent diseases that continue to plague workers globally, as well

Lee S. Newman

220

Interest Rates and Occupational Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes the labor supply effects of changes in the rate of interest on wage rates paid in generalized training occupations. The evidence appears to be consistent with the hypothesis that the rate of interest is a determinant of labor supply and is positively related to occupational wage rates. (Author)

Martin, Donald L.

1975-01-01

221

Foreign Occupation and National Pride  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigators from such disparate fields as public opinion research and comparative history agree that foreign occupation tends to provoke nationalist awareness. Engaging this growing body of literature, we focus on the affective side of nationalism—the feeling of national pride—and argue that foreign domination by itself does not necessarily incite this feeling among all members of the population under occupation. Rather,

Mansoor Moaddel; Mark Tessler; Ronald Inglehart

2008-01-01

222

Springfield's Trajectory Occupational Program: Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Springfield Trajectory Occupational Program (STOP), designed to provide a 23-day residential occupational exploration program for 90 11th grade students from small South Dakota high schools, utilizes industrial field trips, self-evaluation, group and individual counseling, laboratory projects and dormitory activities in a multi-media approach…

South Dakota Univ., Springfield.

223

Occupational hazards to hospital personnel  

SciTech Connect

Hospital personnel are subject to various occupational hazards. Awareness of these risks, compliance with basic preventive measures, and adequate resources for interventions are essential components of an occupational health program. Physical, chemical, and radiation hazards; important infectious risks; and psychosocial problems prevalent in hospital workers are reviewed. A rational approach to managing and preventing these problems is offered. 370 references.

Patterson, W.B.; Craven, D.E.; Schwartz, D.A.; Nardell, E.A.; Kasmer, J.; Noble, J.

1985-05-01

224

Business Financial Occupations: Skill Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report organizes the information provided by 71 individuals in finance-related occupations in 11 states into skills inventories for persons in these jobs. The skills inventories contain the following sections: (1) occupation-specific knowledge (communication, mathematics, science); (2) workplace behaviors (work ethics, interpersonal…

Vocational Technical Education Consortium of States, Decatur, GA.

225

Agricultural Occupations Program Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major program objectives of agricultural occupations courses are (1) to develop agricultural competencies needed by individuals engaged in or preparing to engage in production agriculture, and in agricultural occupations other than production agriculture; (2) to develop an understanding of the career opportunities in agriculture; (3) to…

Hemp, Paul E.; Mayer, Leon

226

Occupational therapy for rheumatoid arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: For persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) the physical, personal, familial, social and vocational consequences are extensive. Occupational therapy (OT), with the aim to facilitate task performance and to decrease the consequences of rheumatoid arthritis for daily life activities, is considered to be a cornerstone in the management of rheumatoid arthritis. Till now the efficacy of occupational therapy for patients

E. M. J. Steultjens; J. Dekker; L. M. Bouter; D. J. van Schaardenburg; M. A. H. van Kuyk; C. H. M. van den Ende

2004-01-01

227

NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY (NOES)  

EPA Science Inventory

From 1981 to 1983, NIOSH conducted the National Occupational Exposure Survey (NOES) that collected data on potential occupational exposures to chemical, physical, and biological agents. The survey involved on-site visits to 4,490 establishments in 522 industry types [OMB 1972] em...

228

An Exploration of the Role of Occupation in School-Based Occupational Therapy Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the role of occupation in school-based occupational therapy practice. The research questions were (1) How do school-based occupational therapists describe the role of occupation during intervention? (2) Which theories of occupation do school-based occupational therapists associate with their own practice?…

Benson, Jeryl DiSanti

2010-01-01

229

Achieving Quality in Occupational Health  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The conference convened approximately 100 registered participants of invited guest speakers, NASA presenters, and a broad spectrum of the Occupational Health disciplines representing NASA Headquarters and all NASA Field Centers. Centered on the theme, "Achieving Quality in Occupational Health," conferees heard presentations from award winning occupational health program professionals within the Agency and from private industry; updates on ISO 9000 status, quality assurance, and information technologies; workshops on ergonomics and respiratory protection; an overview from the newly commissioned NASA Occupational Health Assessment Team; and a keynote speech on improving women's health. In addition, NASA occupational health specialists presented 24 poster sessions and oral deliveries on various aspects of current practice at their field centers.

O'Donnell, Michele (Editor); Hoffler, G. Wyckliffe (Editor)

1997-01-01

230

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics Occupational Health  

E-print Network

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health Student Handbook Regulations contained in this brochure pertain to the Graduate Programs in Epidemiology, Biostatistics, Public Health & Occupational Health 2014/2015 #12;Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health 2014-2015 Student

Shoubridge, Eric

231

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics Occupational Health  

E-print Network

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health Student Handbook Regulations contained in this brochure pertain to the Graduate Programs in Epidemiology, Biostatistics & Occupational Health 2010-2011 #12;Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health 2010-2011 Student Handbook TABLE

Barthelat, Francois

232

5 CFR 9701.211 - Occupational clusters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Occupational clusters. 9701.211 Section 9701...Classification Structure § 9701.211 Occupational clusters. For the purpose of classifying...after coordination with OPM, establish occupational clusters based on factors...

2010-01-01

233

Occupational cancer in Britain  

PubMed Central

An approach using the attributable fraction (AF) has been developed to estimate the current burden of occupational cancer in Britain. The AF combines the relative risk (RR) associated with exposure with the proportion exposed. For each cancer–exposure pairing, the RR is selected from key epidemiological literature such as an industry, or population-based study, meta-analysis or review. The CARcinogen EXposure (CAREX) database provides point estimates for the number of workers exposed to a range of carcinogens; alternative sources are national surveys such as the Labour Force Survey and Census of Employment. The number of workers exposed are split between high and low exposure levels matched to appropriate RRs from the literature. The relevant period for cancer development during which exposure occurred is defined as the risk exposure period (REP). Estimation of the numbers ever exposed over the REP takes into account the changes in the number of people employed in primary and manufacturing industry and service sectors in Britain where appropriate, and adjustment is made for staff turnover over the period and for life expectancy. National estimates of the population ever of working age during the REP are used for the proportion denominator. Strategies have been developed to combine exposure AFs correctly while avoiding double counting and minimising bias. The AFs are applied to national cancer deaths and registrations to obtain occupation-attributable cancer numbers. The methods are adaptable for other diseases and other geographies, and are also adaptable to more sophisticated modelling if better exposure and dose–response data are available. PMID:22710683

Hutchings, Sally J; Rushton, Lesley

2012-01-01

234

Expert-control accident mitigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

An effective accident mitigation system (AMS) combines technologies from several different areas. The end product allows the operator to select a rational course of action in a limited time. The system is comparable to having process, cost and maintenance engineers observing the process 24 hours a day. By implementing an AMS, operators will be able to reduce accidents and plant

Stacklin

1989-01-01

235

Deterministic accident analysis for RBMK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the framework of an European Commission sponsored activity, an assessment of the deterministic safety technology of the ‘post-Chernobyl modernized’ Reactor Bolshoy Moshchnosty Kipyashiy (RBMK) has been completed. The accident analysis, limited to the area of Design Basis Accident, constituted the key subject for the study; events not including the primary circuit were not considered, as well as events originated

F. D’Auria; B. Gabaraev; S. Soloviev; O. Novoselsky; A. Moskalev; E. Uspuras; G. M. Galassi; C. Parisi; A. Petrov; V. Radkevich; L. Parafilo; D. Kryuchkov

2008-01-01

236

Credible investigation of air accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the United Kingdom the Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) has been used as a model for the other transport modes accident investigation bodies. Government Ministers considered that the AAIB’s approach had established the trust of the public and the aviation industry in its ability to conduct independent and objective investigations. The paper will examine the factors that are involved

K Smart

2004-01-01

237

49 CFR 230.22 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident reports. 230.22 Section 230.22 Transportation... Recordkeeping Requirements § 230.22 Accident reports. In the case of an accident due to failure, from any cause, of...

2012-10-01

238

49 CFR 230.22 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident reports. 230.22 Section 230.22 Transportation... Recordkeeping Requirements § 230.22 Accident reports. In the case of an accident due to failure, from any cause, of...

2011-10-01

239

49 CFR 845.40 - Accident report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident report. 845.40 Section 845...RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRANSPORTATION; ACCIDENT/INCIDENT HEARINGS AND REPORTS Board Reports § 845.40 Accident report. (a) The Board will...

2012-10-01

240

49 CFR 195.54 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident reports. 195.54 Section 195...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.54 Accident reports. (a) Each operator...

2012-10-01

241

49 CFR 845.40 - Accident report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident report. 845.40 Section 845...RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRANSPORTATION; ACCIDENT/INCIDENT HEARINGS AND REPORTS Board Reports § 845.40 Accident report. (a) The Board will...

2011-10-01

242

49 CFR 195.54 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident reports. 195.54 Section 195...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.54 Accident reports. (a) Each operator...

2011-10-01

243

28 CFR 301.106 - Repetitious accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Repetitious accidents. 301.106 Section 301.106 ...INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION General § 301.106 Repetitious accidents. If an inmate worker is involved...

2012-07-01

244

28 CFR 301.106 - Repetitious accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Repetitious accidents. 301.106 Section 301.106 ...INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION General § 301.106 Repetitious accidents. If an inmate worker is involved...

2011-07-01

245

32 CFR 644.532 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Reporting accidents. 644.532 Section 644.532 ...Improvements § 644.532 Reporting accidents. Immediately upon receipt of information of an accident involving, or appearing to...

2012-07-01

246

49 CFR 195.54 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident reports. 195.54 Section 195...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.54 Accident reports. (a) Each operator...

2010-10-01

247

32 CFR 644.532 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Reporting accidents. 644.532 Section 644.532 ...Improvements § 644.532 Reporting accidents. Immediately upon receipt of information of an accident involving, or appearing to...

2010-07-01

248

49 CFR 230.22 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident reports. 230.22 Section 230.22 Transportation... Recordkeeping Requirements § 230.22 Accident reports. In the case of an accident due to failure, from any cause, of...

2010-10-01

249

48 CFR 36.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident prevention. 36.513 Section 36...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 36.513 Accident prevention. (a) The contracting...shall insert the clause at 52.236-13, Accident Prevention, in...

2010-10-01

250

22 CFR 102.8 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reporting accidents. 102.8 Section 102.8 Foreign Relations... CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad § 102.8 Reporting accidents. (a) To airline and Civil...

2010-04-01

251

49 CFR 845.40 - Accident report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident report. 845.40 Section 845...RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRANSPORTATION; ACCIDENT/INCIDENT HEARINGS AND REPORTS Board Reports § 845.40 Accident report. (a) The Board will...

2010-10-01

252

28 CFR 301.106 - Repetitious accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Repetitious accidents. 301.106 Section 301.106 ...INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION General § 301.106 Repetitious accidents. If an inmate worker is involved...

2010-07-01

253

Industrial accidents triggered by lightning.  

PubMed

Natural disasters can cause major accidents in chemical facilities where they can lead to the release of hazardous materials which in turn can result in fires, explosions or toxic dispersion. Lightning strikes are the most frequent cause of major accidents triggered by natural events. In order to contribute towards the development of a quantitative approach for assessing lightning risk at industrial facilities, lightning-triggered accident case histories were retrieved from the major industrial accident databases and analysed to extract information on types of vulnerable equipment, failure dynamics and damage states, as well as on the final consequences of the event. The most vulnerable category of equipment is storage tanks. Lightning damage is incurred by immediate ignition, electrical and electronic systems failure or structural damage with subsequent release. Toxic releases and tank fires tend to be the most common scenarios associated with lightning strikes. Oil, diesel and gasoline are the substances most frequently released during lightning-triggered Natech accidents. PMID:20817399

Renni, Elisabetta; Krausmann, Elisabeth; Cozzani, Valerio

2010-12-15

254

Occupational seafood allergy: a review  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND—Recent years have seen increased levels of production and consumption of seafood, leading to more frequent reporting of allergic reactions in occupational and domestic settings. This review focuses on occupational allergy in the fishing and seafood processing industry.?REVIEW—Workers involved in either manual or automated processing of crabs, prawns, mussels, fish, and fishmeal production are commonly exposed to various constituents of seafood. Aerosolisation of seafood and cooking fluid during processing are potential occupational situations that could result in sensitisation through inhalation. There is great variability of aerosol exposure within and among various jobs with reported allergen concentrations ranging from 0.001 to 5.061(µg/m3). Occupational dermal exposure occurs as a result of unprotected handling of seafood and its byproducts. Occupational allergies have been reported in workers exposed to arthropods (crustaceans), molluscs, pisces (bony fish) and other agents derived from seafood. The prevalence of occupational asthma ranges from 7% to 36%, and for occupational protein contact dermatitis, from 3% to 11%. These health outcomes are mainly due to high molecular weight proteins in seafood causing an IgE mediated response. Cross reactivity between various species within a major seafood grouping also occurs. Limited evidence from dose-response relations indicate that development of symptoms is related to duration or intensity of exposure. The evidence for atopy as a risk factor for occupational sensitisation and asthma is supportive, whereas evidence for cigarette smoking is limited. Disruption of the intact skin barrier seems to be an important added risk factor for occupational protein contact dermatitis.?CONCLUSION—The range of allergic disease associated with occupational exposure to crab is well characterised, whereas for other seafood agents the evidence is somewhat limited. There is a need for further epidemiological studies to better characterise this risk. More detailed characterisation of specific protein antigens in aerosols and associated establishment of dose-response relations for acute and chronic exposure to seafood; the respective roles of skin contact and inhalational exposure in allergic sensitisation and cross reactivity; and the contribution of host associated factors in the development of occupational seafood allergies are important areas for future research.???Keywords: occupational seafood allergy; occupational asthma; protein contact dermatitis PMID:11511741

Jeebhay, M; Robins, T; Lehrer, S; Lopata, A

2001-01-01

255

Analysis of traffic accidents on rural highways using Latent Class Clustering and Bayesian Networks.  

PubMed

One of the principal objectives of traffic accident analyses is to identify key factors that affect the severity of an accident. However, with the presence of heterogeneity in the raw data used, the analysis of traffic accidents becomes difficult. In this paper, Latent Class Cluster (LCC) is used as a preliminary tool for segmentation of 3229 accidents on rural highways in Granada (Spain) between 2005 and 2008. Next, Bayesian Networks (BNs) are used to identify the main factors involved in accident severity for both, the entire database (EDB) and the clusters previously obtained by LCC. The results of these cluster-based analyses are compared with the results of a full-data analysis. The results show that the combined use of both techniques is very interesting as it reveals further information that would not have been obtained without prior segmentation of the data. BN inference is used to obtain the variables that best identify accidents with killed or seriously injured. Accident type and sight distance have been identify in all the cases analysed; other variables such as time, occupant involved or age are identified in EDB and only in one cluster; whereas variables vehicles involved, number of injuries, atmospheric factors, pavement markings and pavement width are identified only in one cluster. PMID:23182777

de Oña, Juan; López, Griselda; Mujalli, Randa; Calvo, Francisco J

2013-03-01

256

Occupation and cancer in Britain  

PubMed Central

Background: Prioritising control measures for occupationally related cancers should be evidence based. We estimated the current burden of cancer in Britain attributable to past occupational exposures for International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) group 1 (established) and 2A (probable) carcinogens. Methods: We calculated attributable fractions and numbers for cancer mortality and incidence using risk estimates from the literature and national data sources to estimate proportions exposed. Results: 5.3% (8019) cancer deaths were attributable to occupation in 2005 (men, 8.2% (6362); women, 2.3% (1657)). Attributable incidence estimates are 13?679 (4.0%) cancer registrations (men, 10?063 (5.7%); women, 3616 (2.2%)). Occupational attributable fractions are over 2% for mesothelioma, sinonasal, lung, nasopharynx, breast, non-melanoma skin cancer, bladder, oesophagus, soft tissue sarcoma, larynx and stomach cancers. Asbestos, shift work, mineral oils, solar radiation, silica, diesel engine exhaust, coal tars and pitches, occupation as a painter or welder, dioxins, environmental tobacco smoke, radon, tetrachloroethylene, arsenic and strong inorganic mists each contribute 100 or more registrations. Industries and occupations with high cancer registrations include construction, metal working, personal and household services, mining, land transport, printing/publishing, retail/hotels/restaurants, public administration/defence, farming and several manufacturing sectors. 56% of cancer registrations in men are attributable to work in the construction industry (mainly mesotheliomas, lung, stomach, bladder and non-melanoma skin cancers) and 54% of cancer registrations in women are attributable to shift work (breast cancer). Conclusion: This project is the first to quantify in detail the burden of cancer and mortality due to occupation specifically for Britain. It highlights the impact of occupational exposures, together with the occupational circumstances and industrial areas where exposures to carcinogenic agents occurred in the past, on population cancer morbidity and mortality; this can be compared with the impact of other causes of cancer. Risk reduction strategies should focus on those workplaces where such exposures are still occurring. PMID:20424618

Rushton, L; Bagga, S; Bevan, R; Brown, T P; Cherrie, J W; Holmes, P; Fortunato, L; Slack, R; Van Tongeren, M; Young, C; Hutchings, S J

2010-01-01

257

Occupational risks associated with cigarette smoking: a prospective study.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND. Studies have indicated that cigarette smokers have more occupational accidents and injuries and use more sick time and health benefits than nonsmokers, thereby producing sizeable costs for employers. However, they usually have not controlled for other possible sources of these costs. We analyzed occupational costs associated with smoking while adjusting for a number of potential confounders. METHODS. We conducted a prospective, controlled study of the association between smoking and employment outcomes in 2537 postal employees, adjusting for age, gender, race, drug use, job category, and exercise habits. RESULTS. For smokers, the relative risk for turnover was 1.01 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.83-1.21); for accidents 1.29 (CI, 1.07-1.55); for injuries 1.40 (CI, 1.11-1.77); for discipline 1.55 (CI, 1.19-2.02). Their mean absence rate was 5.43% compared with 4.06% for nonsmokers. CONCLUSIONS. Our study shows that cigarette smoking is associated with adverse employment outcomes after controlling for a number of possible confounders. This finding has implications for companies formulating smoking policies and considering the establishment of smoking cessation programs. PMID:1536330

Ryan, J; Zwerling, C; Orav, E J

1992-01-01

258

Understanding the Contribution of Degraded Modes of Operation as a Cause of Incidents and Accidents in Air Traffic Management  

E-print Network

of their technological infrastructure have been compromised, for example during routine maintenance. There is often aircraft. The immediate causes of the accident centred on the Air Traffic Control Officer's (ATCO) decision occupants of the aircraft were killed along with four ground staff working in a baggage handling building

Johnson, Chris

259

Wanted: entrepreneurs in occupational therapy.  

PubMed

The American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) has challenged occupational therapy practitioners to advance the profession so that we may become more "powerful" and "widely recognized" by the year 2017 (AOTA, 2007a). To fully achieve this vision, this article argues that the profession should encourage occupational therapy entrepreneurship. As Herz, Bondoc, Richmond, Richman, and Kroll (2005, p.2) stated, "Entrepreneurship may provide us with the means to achieve the outcomes we need to succeed in the current health care environment." This article also argues the urgency of seizing the many opportunities that entrepreneurship offers and recommends specific actions to be taken by AOTA and by therapists. PMID:21476371

Anderson, Kristin M; Nelson, David L

2011-01-01

260

Occupation numbers from functional integral  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Occupation numbers for non-relativistic interacting particles are discussed within a functional integral formulation. For bosons at zero temperature the Bogoliubov theory breaks down for strong couplings as well as for low-dimensional models. We find that the leading behavior of the occupation numbers for small momentum is governed by a quadratic time derivative in the inverse propagator that is not contained in the Bogoliubov theory. We propose to use a functional renormalization group equation for the occupation numbers in order to implement systematic non-perturbative extensions beyond the Bogoliubov theory. We also discuss interacting fermions, in particular the issue of pseudogaps.

Wetterich, C.

2008-10-01

261

[Occupational health problems in epileptics].  

PubMed

From the point of view of occupational medicine some questions are important for epileptics; amongst others: falling, behavior during the paroxysm, shift work dependence of attack, behaviour after an epileptic episode. Occupational capacity depends on the process of epileptic episodes and their frequency. The development of neurology has rendered numerous cures from epilepsy, but the the occupational stigma is difficult in many professions--electrical engineering, working with machinery, milling machines and others. In some professions a care must be taken when hiring epileptics--for instance professions with a fall hazard, jobs connected with public transport or involving crane or excavator operation. PMID:16498976

Romankow, Jacek

2005-01-01

262

Occupation on the Edge: Occupational Science in Dialogue With Anthropology and Occupational Therapy, Panel 1 - Paper 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adults diagnosed with a dementing illness commonly encounter a pessimistic and disempowering culture of care. Case study research in occupational science suggests this cultural pessimism invites another tragedy beyond the stigma of the diagnosis itself: lives of occupational deprivation. This research illustrates the costs of occupational therapists’ absence from dementia care and also how practitioners could enrich the occupational fabric

Wendy Wood; Jenny Womack

2006-01-01

263

Epidemiology in occupational medicine.  

PubMed

Each of the research strategies employed in epidemiology has distinctive advantages and disadvantages related to costs, time required, sources of bias, kinds of risk assessments produced, and limitations on causal inference. Therefore each must be evaluated in the light of the needs and opportunities that characterize the disease problem addressed and the environment within which it occurs. Epidemiology has the major disadvantage that it requires illness and death as a base for research. However, many health and disease problems cannot be anticipated before illnesses have occurred, and epidemiological studies then represent the most efficient means of identifying hazardous substances and situations. Epidemiological analysis should be a routine responsibility of every major corporate medical department, including, at a minimum, a system of surveillance for morbidity and mortality that will draw attention to significant problems as they arise, so that more intensive research may be initiated and preventive measures taken as early as possible. Epidemiology should, therefore, be integrated with industrial hygiene, safety engineering, and toxicology as the bases of occupational health. PMID:6679675

Stallones, R A

1983-03-20

264

Occupational exposure to manganese.  

PubMed Central

The relationship between the degree of exposure and biological effects of manganese was studied in a group of 369 workers employed in the production of ferroalloys. Two other groups of workers, from an electrode plant and from an aluminium rolling mill, served as controls. Mean manganese concentrations at work places where ferroalloys were produced varied from 0-301 to 20-442 mg/m3. The exposure level of the two control groups was from 2 to 30 microgram/m3 and from 0-05 to 0-07 microgram/m3, in the electrode plant and rolling mill respectively. Sixty-two (16-8%) manganese alloy workers showed some signs of neurological impairment. These signs were noticeably less in the two control groups (5-8% and 0%) than in the occupationally exposed group. Subjective symptoms, which are nonspecific but may be symptoms of subclinical manganism, were not markedly different in the three groups. However, in the manganese alloy workers some of the subjective symptoms occurred more frequently in heavier smokers than in light smokers or nonsmokers. Heavier smokers engaged in manganese alloy production showed some of the subjective symptoms more often than heavier smokers from the control groups. PMID:871441

Saric, M; Markicevic, A; Hrustic, O

1977-01-01

265

A review of criticality accidents  

SciTech Connect

Criticality accidents and the characteristics of prompt power excursions are discussed. Forty-one accidental power transients are reviewed. In each case where available, enough detail is given to help visualize the physical situation, the cause or causes of the accident, the history and characteristics of the transient, the energy release, and the consequences, if any, to personnel and property. Excursions associated with large power reactors are not included in this study, except that some information on the major accident at the Chernobyl reactor in April 1986 is provided in the Appendix. 67 refs., 21 figs., 2 tabs.

Stratton, W R; Smith, D R

1989-03-01

266

49 CFR 382.303 - Post-accident testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the vehicle, if the accident involved the loss of...local law for a moving traffic violation arising from the accident, if the accident involved...local law for a moving traffic violation arising from the accident, if the accident...

2010-10-01

267

Academic & Financial Awards Master of Occupational Therapy Program  

E-print Network

Academic & Financial Awards 2011-2012 Master of Occupational Therapy Program Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy University of British Columbia Page | 1 Each year, the Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy distributes academic and financial awards to deserving students

Aamodt, Tor

268

Environmental Occupational Health Protection Laws  

E-print Network

The manufacturing, processing, and use of chemicals and materials in industrial, workplaces are often accompanied by environmental, health, and safety hazards and risks. Occupational and environmental factors cause or ...

Ashford, Nicholas

2008-01-01

269

Occupational health nursing in hungary.  

PubMed

This article is the first about occupational health nursing in Hungary. The authors describe the Hungarian health care and occupational health care systems, including nursing education and professional organizations for occupational health nurses. The Fundamental Law of Hungary guarantees the right of every employee to healthy and safe working conditions, daily and weekly rest times and annual paid leave, and physical and mental health. Hungary promotes the exercise of these rights by managing industrial safety and health care, providing access to healthy food, supporting sports and regular physical exercise, and ensuring environmental protection. According to the law, the responsibility for regulation of the occupational health service lies with the Ministry of Human Resources. Safety regulations are under the aegis of the Ministry of National Economy. [Workplace Health Saf 2014;62(10):421-430.]. PMID:25139783

Hirdi, Henriett Éva; Hong, OiSaeng

2014-10-01

270

Economics of Occupational Social Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the economic incentives to employees and employers for providing occupational social services. Suggests that growth in such services will coincide with growth in high-technology industries and service industries employing highly skilled workers. (BL)

Ozawa, Martha N.

1985-01-01

271

Sports, Recreation, & Leisure Sample Occupations  

E-print Network

Sports, Recreation, & Leisure Sample Occupations Academic Advisor/Athletes Agent, Business Announcer/Broadcaster Sports Industry Publicist Sports Information Director Sports Lawyer Sports Marketing in Travel, Tourism, Hospitality ................. IIB 39-6000 E2 Career Opportunities in the Sports Industry

Ronquist, Fredrik

272

Environmental Studies & Ecology Sample Occupations  

E-print Network

Researcher Metallurgical Engineer Mining Engineer Mining Occupations Oceanographer Parasitologist Park Protection Agency National Aeronautics & Space Administration National Science Foundation Tennessee Valley Landscaping Companies Mining Operations Paper Mining Companies Port/Airport Authorities Public Utilities Real

Ronquist, Fredrik

273

Policy perspectives on occupational stress.  

PubMed

Occupational stress is a major physical and mental hazard for many workers and has been found to contribute to cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal disorders, mood disturbances, workplace injuries, and mental health problems. Health care utilization related to these physical and mental health problems costs employers billions of dollars annually. To combat this problem, employers should adopt a preventive approach and institute organizational and administrative changes that require the participation of both management and workers. This article reviews policies that could impact the quality of work life and influence organizational changes needed to achieve occupational health and safety. Occupational health nurses play a vital role in designing and implementing policies to improve work environments and reduce occupational stress. [Workplace Health Saf 2014;62(10):432-438.]. PMID:25139784

O'Keefe, Louise C; Brown, Kathleen C; Christian, Becky J

2014-10-01

274

Sample Occupations Sample Work Settings  

E-print Network

Therapist Assistant Optometric Assistant Physical Therapist Asst Physician Assistant NURSES Dental Nurse Therapist Music Therapist Occupational Therapist Physical Therapist Recreational Therapist Speech Technician Medical Technologist Nuclear Med. Tech. Optician Pharmacy Technician Phlebotomist Physical Therapy

Ronquist, Fredrik

275

Underreporting of maritime accidents to vessel accident databases.  

PubMed

Underreporting of maritime accidents is a problem not only for authorities trying to improve maritime safety through legislation, but also to risk management companies and other entities using maritime casualty statistics in risk and accident analysis. This study collected and compared casualty data from 01.01.2005 to 31.12.2009, from IHS Fairplay and the maritime authorities from a set of nations. The data was compared to find common records, and estimation of the true number of occurred accidents was performed using conditional probability given positive dependency between data sources, several variations of the capture-recapture method, calculation of best case scenario assuming perfect reporting, and scaling up a subset of casualty information from a marine insurance statistics database. The estimated upper limit reporting performance for the selected flag states ranged from 14% to 74%, while the corresponding estimated coverage of IHS Fairplay ranges from 4% to 62%. On average the study results document that the number of unreported accidents makes up roughly 50% of all occurred accidents. Even in a best case scenario, only a few flag states come close to perfect reporting (94%). The considerable scope of underreporting uncovered in the study, indicates that users of statistical vessel accident data should assume a certain degree of underreporting, and adjust their analyses accordingly. Whether to use correction factors, a safety margin, or rely on expert judgment, should be decided on a case by case basis. PMID:21819835

Hassel, Martin; Asbjørnslett, Bjørn Egil; Hole, Lars Petter

2011-11-01

276

A discussion of occupational health and safety management for the catering industry in China.  

PubMed

The catering industry is developing rapidly in China. Statistics in 2002 indicated that there were over 3.5 million dining places in China, hiring over 18 million people. However, the accident rate was high. Occupational health and safety (OHS) has to be watched more carefully. It is proposed to develop an OHS management system for the catering industry and to integrate it with an ongoing management system by referring to OHSAS 18001:1999. The first step is risk identification and evaluating the major factors concerned by referring to the codes in China, the list of occupational diseases, operation rules, requirements of the law, and records of past incidents. The technological aspect has to be considered in working out the safety strategies. This includes technical measures in accident prevention at the workplace. The kitchen is the main area to be focused on. Methods for hazard identification and risk assessment of dangerous factors in kitchens are proposed in this paper. PMID:17888241

Qiang, Chen; Chow, Wan Ki

2007-01-01

277

[Mesothelioma following occupational contact with asbestos].  

PubMed

From 1975 onwards, mesothelioma is by far the most often seen occupational tumour in Switzerland (about 70%). Between 1969 and 1982, there have been 49 cases registered by the SUVA (Schweizerische Unfallversicherungsanstalt, i.e. Swiss National Accident Insurance Fund). 10 together with asbestosis. Of the first 30 cases, the primary tumour only once was in the peritoneum, in all other cases the tumour always could be located in the pleura. The causative asbestos exposure was found in the production of asbestos cement (9), in the construction and reparation of waggons (6), in the insulation work at chemical plants (5) and in several other industrial work conditions (10). The average exposure time was 21 years. The average interval from exposure to diagnosis 35 years. The survival time after diagnosis about 1 year. Technical prevention consists in substitution of asbestos or elimination of respirable dust (or at least reduction below the TLV). Medical prevention: periodic fitness tests and follow up examinations. New cases should be communicated to the mesothelioma-register in Zurich and to the SUVA, for clarification of the industrial origin. PMID:7158050

Schlegel, H; Kempf, E

1982-10-01

278

Occupation and cancer in Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:Prioritising control measures for occupationally related cancers should be evidence based. We estimated the current burden of cancer in Britain attributable to past occupational exposures for International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) group 1 (established) and 2A (probable) carcinogens.Methods:We calculated attributable fractions and numbers for cancer mortality and incidence using risk estimates from the literature and national data sources

L Rushton; S Bagga; R Bevan; T P Brown; J W Cherrie; P Holmes; L Fortunato; R Slack; M Van Tongeren; C Young; S J Hutchings

2010-01-01

279

Effective Interdisciplinary Teamwork: An Occupational Therapy Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: First, to describe the focus and scope of occupational therapy and some contributions of occupational therapy in mental health settings. Second, to identify opportunities for enhancing interdisciplinary teamwork so as to effectively address the full range of needs and issues experienced by people living with mental illness, from an occupational therapist's perspective.Conclusions: The significance of occupation for health and

Ellie Fossey

2001-01-01

280

Electrical Trades. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), which is one of a series of OCAPs developed to identify the skills that Ohio employers deem necessary to entering a given occupation/occupational area, lists the occupational, academic, and employability skills required of individuals entering the electrical trades. The introduction explains…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

281

A Participant Observer of Occupational Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines the observations and experiences of a clinical psychologist who viewed occupational therapy from the perspective of educating occupational therapy students and who, prior to this experience, had relatively little contact with or understanding of occupational therapy. These observations result from the first year of experiences of being an assistant professor in a department of occupational therapy. This

Gary M. Katz

1981-01-01

282

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PRACTITIONERS AND POLICY  

E-print Network

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IN FRANCE: PRACTITIONERS AND POLICY A STUDY OF 803 FRENCH OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (OSH) PRACTITIONERS A QUANTITATIVE APPROACH ­ NOVEMBER 2010 [study] #12;OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IN FRANCE: PRACTITIONERS AND POLICY A STUDY OF 803 FRENCH OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

283

Oregon Fatality Assessment & Control Evaluation Occupational Fatalities  

E-print Network

for Occupational Safety and Health (grant #2U60OH008472-06) through the Oregon Health Authority (Jae Douglas, Ph OccupationalInjuryandIllnessClassificationSystem Oregon OSHA Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division SOCOregon Fatality Assessment & Control Evaluation (OR-FACE) Occupational Fatalities in Oregon Annual

Chapman, Michael S.

284

Industrial Occupations. Education for Employment Task Lists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The duties and tasks found in these task lists form the basis of instructional content for secondary, postsecondary, and adult occupational training programs for industrial occupations. The industrial occupations are divided into eight clusters. The clusters and occupations are: construction cluster (bricklayer, carpenter, building maintenance…

Lake County Area Vocational Center, Grayslake, IL.

285

Children's Sextyped Views of Traditional Occupational Roles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined children's views of traditional occupations in a study of 300 elementary school students who viewed photographs of 18 occupations. Results showed for most of the 18 occupational roles, students chose a traditional male or female role. The occupations of homemaker and firefighter received the most stereotyped scores. (JAC)

Barnhart, Ruth S.

1983-01-01

286

Health Occupation Drilldowns for Milwaukee County  

E-print Network

nurses, dental hygienists, occupational therapists, occupational therapy assistants, physical therapists Licensed Practical Nurses Dental Hygienists Occupational Therapists Occupational Therapy Assistants Physical Therapists Physical Therapist Assistants Page 1 2 6 8 10 12 14 16 This report is one of a series

Saldin, Dilano

287

Occupational Health Policies on Risk Assessment in Japan  

PubMed Central

Industrial Safety and Health Law (ISH Law) of Japan requires abnormalities identified in evaluations of worker health and working environments are reported to occupational physicians, and employers are advised of measures to ensure appropriate accommodations in working environments and work procedures. Since the 1980s, notions of a risk assessment and occupational safety and health management system were expected to further prevent industrial accidents. In 2005, ISH Law stipulated workplace risk assessment using the wording "employers shall endeavor." Following the amendment, multiple documents and guidelines for risk assessment for different work procedures were developed. They require ISH Laws to be implemented fully and workplaces to plan and execute measures to reduce risks, ranking them from those addressing potential hazards to those requiring workers to wear protective articles. A governmental survey in 2005 found the performance of risk assessment was 20.4% and common reasons for not implementing risk assessments were lack of adequate personnel or knowledge. ISH Law specifies criminal penalties for both individuals and organizations. Moreover, under the Labor Contract Law promulgated in 2007, employers are obliged to make reasonable efforts to ensure employee health for foreseeable and avoidable risks. Therefore, enterprises neglecting even the non-binding provisions of guidelines are likely to suffer significant business impact if judged to be responsible for industrial accidents or occupational disease. To promote risk assessment, we must strengthen technical, financial, and physical support from public-service organizations, encourage the dissemination of good practices to reduce risks, and consider additional employer incentives, including relaxed mandatory regulations. PMID:22953159

2010-01-01

288

Occupational health research in India.  

PubMed

India being a developing nation is faced with traditional public health problems like communicable diseases, malnutrition, poor environmental sanitation and inadequate medical care. However, globalization and rapid industrial growth in the last few years has resulted in emergence of occupational health related issues. Agriculture (cultivators i.e. land owners + agriculture labourers) is the main occupation in India giving employment to about 58% of the people. The major occupational diseases/morbidity of concern in India are silicosis, musculo-skeletal injuries, coal workers' pneumoconiosis, chronic obstructive lung diseases, asbestosis, byssinosis, pesticide poisoning and noise induced hearing loss. There are many agencies like National Institute of Occupational Health, Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Central Labour Institute, etc. are working on researchable issues like Asbestos and asbestos related diseases, Pesticide poisoning, Silica related diseases other than silicosis and Musculoskeletal disorders. Still much more is to be done for improving the occupational health research. The measures such as creation of advanced research facilities, human resources development, creation of environmental and occupational health cells and development of database and information system should be taken. PMID:15128163

Saiyed, Habibullah N; Tiwari, Rajnarayan R

2004-04-01

289

Occupational stress among Canadian orthodontists.  

PubMed

The occupational stress associated with many professions, including general dentistry, has been well researched. An anonymous, self-administered, mail-out survey was distributed to Canadian orthodontists. The survey included 67 potential stressors, an overall occupational stress score, an overall job satisfaction scale, and items addressing various characteristics of the respondents. The response rate was 51.2% (335/654). Pronounced differences were found between the respondents in the evaluation of potential stressors and the overall occupational stress score. The category of stressors with the highest mean severity of stress scores was time-related stressors. The stressors with high mean severity scores and high mean frequency scores were as follows: falling behind schedule, trying to keep to a schedule, constant time pressures, patients with broken appliances, and motivating patients with poor OH and/or decalcification. Stepwise multiple regression determined a model, involving overall job satisfaction, age, participation in a study group, hours worked per week, part-time academics, days of continuing education per year, and participation in stress management, to account for 35.9% of the variation in overall occupational stress scores. The results indicate the importance of time-management skills in reducing occupational stress, but other factors seem to have more effect on reported occupational stress than do the characteristics addressed by this survey. PMID:12607854

Roth, Stephen F; Heo, Giseon; Varnhagen, Connie; Glover, Kenneth E; Major, Paul W

2003-02-01

290

CANDU safety under severe accidents.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The characteristics of the CANDU reactor relevant to severe accidents are set first by the inherent properties of the design, and second by the Canadian safety/licensing approach. Probabilistic safety assessment studies have been performed on operating CA...

V. G. Snell, J. Q. Howieson, S. Alikhan, G. M. Frescura, F. King

1988-01-01

291

Aircraft accidents : method of analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report on a method of analysis of aircraft accidents has been prepared by a special committee on the nomenclature, subdivision, and classification of aircraft accidents organized by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics in response to a request dated February 18, 1928, from the Air Coordination Committee consisting of the Assistant Secretaries for Aeronautics in the Departments of War, Navy, and Commerce. The work was undertaken in recognition of the difficulty of drawing correct conclusions from efforts to analyze and compare reports of aircraft accidents prepared by different organizations using different classifications and definitions. The air coordination committee's request was made "in order that practices used may henceforth conform to a standard and be universally comparable." the purpose of the special committee therefore was to prepare a basis for the classification and comparison of aircraft accidents, both civil and military. (author)

1929-01-01

292

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2011-10-01

293

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2012-10-01

294

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2013-10-01

295

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2010-10-01

296

1998-99 Occupational Outlook Handbook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

US occupations are featured in this information-rich resource from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The 1998-9 Occupational Outlook Handbook provides the latest edition of a guide to 250 occupations from able seaman to zoologist. Users can browse an alphabetical index or any of eleven occupational clusters, or search the resource by keyword. Each occupation contains a thumbnail sketch of important features as well as information about the nature of the work, working conditions, employment, training, the job outlook, earnings, and related occupations. This is an excellent source of relevant, condensed occupational information.

Statistics., United S.

1998-01-01

297

Analysis of commercial mini-bus accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a study of mini-bus traffic accidents aimed at gaining insight into the factors affecting accident occurrence and severity. Understanding these factors can help to bring forth realistic strategies to improve the safety of these buses. Two disaggregate models related to the time until accident occurrence and the number of accident injuries were specified and estimated. The models

Mohammad M. Hamed; A. S. Jaradat; Said M. Easa

1998-01-01

298

Occupational exposure in MRI  

PubMed Central

This article reviews occupational exposure in clinical MRI; it specifically considers units of exposure, basic physical interactions, health effects, guideline limits, dosimetry, results of exposure surveys, calculation of induced fields and the status of the European Physical Agents Directive. Electromagnetic field exposure in MRI from the static field B0, imaging gradients and radiofrequency transmission fields induces electric fields and currents in tissue, which are responsible for various acute sensory effects. The underlying theory and its application to the formulation of incident and induced field limits are presented. The recent International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Soziales and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers limits for incident field exposure are interpreted in a manner applicable to MRI. Field measurements show that exposure from movement within the B0 fringe field can exceed ICNIRP reference levels within 0.5 m of the bore entrance. Rate of change of field dB/dt from the imaging gradients is unlikely to exceed the new limits, although incident field limits can be exceeded for radiofrequency (RF) exposure within 0.2–0.5 m of the bore entrance. Dosimetric surveys of routine clinical practice show that staff are exposed to peak values of 42±24% of B0, with time-averaged exposures of 5.2±2.8 mT for magnets in the range 0.6–4 T. Exposure to time-varying fields arising from movement within the B0 fringe resulted in peak dB/dt of approximately 2 T s?1. Modelling of induced electric fields from the imaging gradients shows that ICNIRP-induced field limits are unlikely to be exceeded in most situations; however, movement through the static field may still present a problem. The likely application of the limits is discussed with respect to the reformulation of the European Union (EU) directive and its possible implications for MRI. PMID:22457400

Mcrobbie, D W

2012-01-01

299

Occupant Protection at NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews NASA's efforts to arrive at protection of occupants of the ORION space craft on landing. An Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) has been developed, it is an anatomically-based, consensus-derived, global severity scoring system that classifies each injury by body region according to its relative importance on a 6-point ordinal scale. It reviews an Operationmally Relevant Injury Scale (ORIS), a classification methodology, and shows charts that detail the results of applying this ORIS to the injury databases. One chart uses NASCAR injury classification. It discusses providing a context for the level of risk inherent in the Orion landings in terms that people understand and have a sense for. For example is the risk of injury during an Orion landing roughly the same, better or worse than: An aircraft carrier landing, a NASCAR crash, or a helicopter crash, etc? The data for NASCAR and Indy Racing league (IRL) racing crash and injury data was reviewed. The risk from the Air Force, Navy, and Army injury data was also reviewed. Past NASA and the Soyuz programs injury risks are also reviewed. The work is an attempt to formulate a recommendation to the Orion Project for an acceptable level of injury risk associated with Nominal and Off-Nominal landing cases. The presentation also discusses the data mining and use of the data to Validate NASA Operationally-Relevant Injury Scale (NORIS) / Military Operationally-Relevant Injury Scale (MORIS), developing injury risk criteria, the types of data that are required, NASCAR modeling techniques and crash data, and comparison with the Brinkley model. The development of injury risk curves for each biodynamic response parameter is discussed. One of the main outcomes of this work is to establish an accurate Automated Test Dummy (ATD) that can be used to measure human tolerances.

Somers, Jeffrey; Granderson, Brad; Scheuring, Rick

2010-01-01

300

Causes of casualties and the regulation of occupational health and safety in the shipping industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to investigate maritime safety from an occupational hazards perspective as opposed to a maritime\\u000a casualty perspective. It is recognised that safety in shipping should encompass casualties arising from accidents occurring\\u000a in the course of performing normal seafaring duties, not just those arising from technical defects or maritime disasters.\\u000a The paper discusses an investigation involving

Detlef Nielsen; Photis M. Panayides

2005-01-01

301

Recent PCB accidents in Finland.  

PubMed Central

Twenty-eight polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) accidents were recorded during a 1-year period in Finland. They comprised leaks, fires or explosions of capacitors. Some of the explosions and fires gave rise to high concentrations of PCBs in air and of PCBs and tetrachlorodibenzofurans (TCDFs), including 2,3,7,8-TCDF, on surfaces. One large explosion is described in detail, and biomedical data and findings of this case are compared with those of smaller accidents in Finland. PMID:3928359

Elo, O; Vuojolahti, P; Janhunen, H; Rantanen, J

1985-01-01

302

Occupational safety and health in India: now and the future.  

PubMed

India, a growing economy and world's largest democracy, has population exceeding 1.2 billion. Out of this huge number, 63.6% form working age group. More than 90% work in the informal economy, mainly agriculture and services. Less than 10% work in the organized sector; mainly industry, mining and some services. New service industries like Information Technology (IT), Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) are increasing rapidly; so is the proportion of females in the workforce. The occupational safety and health (OSH) scenario in India is complex. Unprecedented growth and progress go hand in hand with challenges such as huge workforce in unorganized sector, availability of cheap labor, meager public spending on health, inadequate implementation of existing legislation, lack of reliable OSH data, shortage of OSH professionals, multiplicity of statutory controls, apathy of stakeholders and infrastructure problems. The national policy on OSH at workplace, adopted by the government in 2009, is yet to be implemented. Some of the major occupational risks are accidents, pneumoconiosis, musculoskeletal injuries, chronic obstructive lung diseases; pesticide poisoning and noise induced hearing loss. The three most important OSH needs are: 1. legislation to extend OSH coverage to all sectors of working life including the unorganized sector; 2. spreading the awareness about OSH among stakeholders; 3. development of OSH infrastructure and OSH professionals. Other issues include integration of occupational health with primary health care. PMID:22790480

Pingle, Shyam

2012-01-01

303

OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY Occupational therapy helps people of all ages whose daily lives  

E-print Network

Fact Sheet OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY Highlights Occupational therapy helps people of all ages whose by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE). Programs Offered · Entry-LevelMS,OccupationalTherapy://info.sjsu.edu/home/catalog.html Testing and Evaluation: https://testing.sjsu.edu/ Academic Unit: OccupationalTherapyDepartment One

Su, Xiao

304

Occupation as Transactional Experience: A Critique of Individualism in Occupational Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational science uses various concepts to denote occupation as residing within the individual. That is, despite recognizing the role of a context for the individual and her or his occupation, occupational scientists have continued to implicitly or explicitly create a dualistic view of person and context (environment). The dualism creates a problem for understanding occupation as well as the relationship

Virginia Dickie; Malcolm P. Cutchin; Ruth Humphry

2006-01-01

305

Severe accident analysis using dynamic accident progression event trees  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In present, the development and analysis of Accident Progression Event Trees (APETs) are performed in a manner that is computationally time consuming, difficult to reproduce and also can be phenomenologically inconsistent. One of the principal deficiencies lies in the static nature of conventional APETs. In the conventional event tree techniques, the sequence of events is pre-determined in a fixed order based on the expert judgments. The main objective of this PhD dissertation was to develop a software tool (ADAPT) for automated APET generation using the concept of dynamic event trees. As implied by the name, in dynamic event trees the order and timing of events are determined by the progression of the accident. The tool determines the branching times from a severe accident analysis code based on user specified criteria for branching. It assigns user specified probabilities to every branch, tracks the total branch probability, and truncates branches based on the given pruning/truncation rules to avoid an unmanageable number of scenarios. The function of a dynamic APET developed includes prediction of the conditions, timing, and location of containment failure or bypass leading to the release of radioactive material, and calculation of probabilities of those failures. Thus, scenarios that can potentially lead to early containment failure or bypass, such as through accident induced failure of steam generator tubes, are of particular interest. Also, the work is focused on treatment of uncertainties in severe accident phenomena such as creep rupture of major RCS components, hydrogen burn, containment failure, timing of power recovery, etc. Although the ADAPT methodology (Analysis of Dynamic Accident Progression Trees) could be applied to any severe accident analysis code, in this dissertation the approach is demonstrated by applying it to the MELCOR code [1]. A case study is presented involving station blackout with the loss of auxiliary feedwater system for a pressurized water reactor. The specific plant analyzed is the Zion Nuclear Power Plant, which is a Westinghouse-designed system that has been decommissioned.

Hakobyan, Aram P.

306

Uncovering your hidden occupancy costs.  

PubMed

Senior managers at large companies may not believe that they can have much impact on the "bricks and mortar" of their cost structure. They may even think that occupancy costs are too insignificant to worry about, too technical to analyze, and too fixed to control. But as real estate consultant Mahlon Apgar argues, occupancy costs can hurt a company's earnings, share value, and overall performance. On the other hand, every dollar saved drops straight to the bottom line. Shearson Lehman Brothers, for example, has found that it can save as much as $20 million annually by reducing occupancy costs in its branch offices and headquarters. Managing occupancy costs isn't easy. But it is timely. As companies strive to improve productivity by consolidating functions and downsizing staff, they are saddled with excess office space. Expansions abroad present completely different market conditions that put a premium on reducing occupancy costs. At the same time, the changing nature of work is challenging deeply held beliefs about the workplace, and, consequently, traditional expectations of office space are giving way to innovations that are less costly and more productive. To manage occupancy costs, managers must be able to identify their components, measure their impact, understand what drives them, and develop options to change them. Four basic tools help diagnose problems: a cost history, a loss analysis, a component analysis, and a lease aging profile. Understanding cost drivers like leasing, location, and layout can give executives the insights they need to reduce occupancy costs while improving the effectiveness of facilities to support day-to-day operations. PMID:10126151

Apgar, M

1993-01-01

307

Occupational Neurologic Disorders in Korea  

PubMed Central

This article presents a schematic review of the clinical manifestations of occupational neurologic disorders in Korea and discusses the toxicologic implications of these conditions. Vascular encephalopathy, parkinsonism, chronic toxic encephalopathy, cerebellar dysfunction, peripheral neuropathy, and neurodegenerative diseases are common presentations of occupational neurotoxic syndromes in Korea. Few neurotoxins cause patients to present with pathognomic neurologic syndrome. Detailed neurologic examinations and categorization of the clinical manifestations of neurologic disorders will improve the clinical management of occupational neurologic diseases. Physicians must be aware of the typical signs and symptoms of possible exposure to neurotoxins, and they should also pay attention to less-typical, rather-vague symptoms and signs in workers because the toxicologic characteristics of occupational neurologic diseases in Korea have changed from typical patterns to less-typical or equivocal patterns. This shift is likely to be due to several years of low-dose exposure, perhaps combined with the effects of aging, and new types of possibly toxicant-related neurodegenerative diseases. Close collaboration between neurologists and occupational physicians is needed to determine whether neurologic disorders are work-related. PMID:20607045

Jeong, Kyoung Sook; Yun, Yong-Hun; Oh, Myoung-Soon

2010-01-01

308

Nuclear accident dosimetry intercomparison studies.  

PubMed

Twenty-two nuclear accident dosimetry intercomparison studies utilizing the fast-pulse Health Physics Research Reactor at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been conducted since 1965. These studies have provided a total of 62 different organizations a forum for discussion of criticality accident dosimetry, an opportunity to test their neutron and gamma-ray dosimetry systems under a variety of simulated criticality accident conditions, and the experience of comparing results with reference dose values as well as with the measured results obtained by others making measurements under identical conditions. Sixty-nine nuclear accidents (27 with unmoderated neutron energy spectra and 42 with eight different shielded spectra) have been simulated in the studies. Neutron doses were in the 0.2-8.5 Gy range and gamma doses in the 0.1-2.0 Gy range. A total of 2,289 dose measurements (1,311 neutron, 978 gamma) were made during the intercomparisons. The primary methods of neutron dosimetry were activation foils, thermoluminescent dosimeters, and blood sodium activation. The main methods of gamma dose measurement were thermoluminescent dosimeters, radiophotoluminescent glass, and film. About 68% of the neutron measurements met the accuracy guidelines (+/- 25%) and about 52% of the gamma measurements met the accuracy criterion (+/- 20%) for accident dosimetry. PMID:2777549

Sims, C S

1989-09-01

309

J Occup Health 2003; 45: 382391 Occupational Health  

E-print Network

and Lorhandicap Group 1 Department of Mining Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India, 2, India--This study assessed the associations of job and some individual factors with occupational.0%). The men had higher risk than the women (adjusted odds-ratio 1.99, 95% CI 1.43­2.78). Compared

Boyer, Edmond

310

Job-Occupation Misfit as an Occupational Stressor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from theory on met expectations, person-environment fit, and social information processing, misfit between the pressure and autonomy experienced by workers and that which would be expected given their occupational roles was examined as a predictor of job satisfaction, perceived support, and depression. Results from a nationally (U.S.)…

Ford, Michael T.

2012-01-01

311

Impact of the accident at the Three Mile Island on the behavior and well-being of nuclear workers. Part II. Job tension, psychophysiological symptoms, and indices of distress  

SciTech Connect

Three Mile Island (TMI) workers experienced much greater job tension and lower occupational self-esteem (supervisors only) in comparison with workers interviewed at the Peach Bottom Plant. At the time of the accident, TMI workers reported experiencing more periods of anger, extreme worrry and extreme upset, and more psychophysiological symptoms. Six months after the accident, some persistence of these feelings and symptoms was evident. Demoralization was greater primarily among TMI non-supervisory workers. The impact of the accident was not greater among TMI workers living closer to the plant. Presence of a preschool child at home enhanced the impact of the accident, but primarily among TMI supervisors. 39 references, 17 tables.

Kasl, S.V. (Yale Univ., New Haven, CT); Chisholm, R.F.; Eskenazi, B.

1981-05-01

312

Road characteristics and bicycle accidents.  

PubMed

In Umeå, Sweden, defects in the physical road surface contributed to nearly half of the single bicycle accidents. The total social cost of these injuries to people amount to at least SEK 20 million (SEK 60,000 or about USD 8,500 per accident), which corresponds to the estimated loss of "eight life equivalents a year". Improved winter maintenance seems to have the greatest injury prevention potential and would probably reduce the number of injuries considerably, whereas improved road quality and modification of kerbs would reduce the most severe injuries. A local traffic safety program should try to prevent road accidents instead of handling the consequences of them. In accordance with Parliament decisions on traffic we would like to see increased investment in measures favoring bicycle traffic, where cycling is seen as a solution, not as a problem. PMID:8983101

Nyberg, P; Björnstig, U; Bygren, L O

1996-12-01

313

Road Traffic Accidents in Kazakhstan  

PubMed Central

Background: The article provides the analysis of death rates in road traffic accidents in Kazakhstan from 2004 to 2010 and explores the use of sanitary aviation. Methods: Data of fatalities caused by road traffic accidents were collected and analysed. Descriptive and analytical methods of epidemiology and biomedical statistics were applied. Results: Totaly 27,003 people died as a result of road traffic accidents in this period. The death rate for the total population due to road traffic accidents was 25.0±2.10/0000. The death rate for men was (38.3±3.20/0000), which was higher (P<0.05) than that for women (12.6±1.10/0000). High death rates in the entire male population were identified among men of 30–39 years old, whereas the highest rates for women were attributed to the groups of 50–59 years old and 70–79 years old. In time dynamics, death rates tended to decrease: the total population (Tdec=?2.4%), men (Tdec=?2.3%) and women (Tdec=?1.4%). When researching territorial relevance, the rates were established as low (to 18.30/0000), average (between 18.3 and 24.00/0000) and high (from 24.00/0000 and above). Thus, the regions with high rates included Akmola region (24.30/0000), Mangistau region (25.90/0000), Zhambyl region (27.30/0000), Almaty region (29.30/0000) and South Kazakhstan region (32.40/0000). Conclusion: The identified epidemiological characteristics of the population deaths rates from road traffic accidents should be used in integrated and targeted interventions to enhance prevention of injuries in accidents. PMID:23641400

AUBAKIROVA, Alma; KOSSUMOV, Alibek; IGISSINOV, Nurbek

2013-01-01

314

Investigation of the Challenger Accident  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident (hereafter referred to as the Rogers Commission) and the work of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in investigating the causes of the accident were reviewed. In addition to reviewing the five volumes of the Rogers Commission, the entire direct on-line Rogers Commission data base, which included full-text and document retrieval capability was also reviewed. The findings and recommendations contained also include materials submitted for the record, staff investigations, interviews, and trips.

1986-01-01

315

Onsite response to the accident at Chernobyl (accident management)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In summarizing the information provided in the USSR report on plant stabilization shortly after the accident at Chernobyl and on the early response measures, the following three main stages can be identified: (1) the building fire-fighting actions and measures (techniques) undertaken and their effectiveness in controlling and finally extinguishing the fire; (2) the short-term stabilization of the plant immediately following

M. W. Jankowski; D. A. Powers; T. S. Kress

2009-01-01

316

EMPLOYMENT TRENDS IN SELECTED OCCUPATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE NEW HOPE PROJECT WAS AN EFFORT TO TRAIN THE UNEMPLOYED AND THE EDUCATIONALLY DISADVANTAGED. AN ANALYSIS OF EMPLOYMENT TRENDS WAS MADE OF THOSE GROUPS WHO HAD COMPLETED THEIR TRAINING IN SELECTED SERVICE OCCUPATIONS SUCH AS CUSTODIAN, NURSE AIDE, WAITRESS, SALES, AND SERVICE STATION. WITH THE EXCEPTION OF SERVICE STATION AND CUSTODIAN TRAINEES,…

PEARCE, FRANK C.

317

Office Occupations. Competencies for Articulation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Materials contained in this guide present competencies describing office occupations skills necessary for success in initial employment or applicable to advanced educational placement, and may be used by administrators, students, and secondary and postsecondary vocational teachers. The student outcomes section provides guidelines for planning of…

Southeast Community Coll., Lincoln, NE.

318

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS, INDIVIDUAL INSTRUCTION MATERIALS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE 79 ITEMS LISTED IN THIS BIBLIOGRAPHY WERE SELECTED FOR THE BENEFIT OF TEACHER-COORDINATORS OF OFFICE OCCUPATIONS PROGRAMS. EXAMPLES OF MATERIAL INCLUDED ARE A COMBINATION TEXTBOOK-WORKBOOK WHICH PROVIDES TRAINING IN ALPHABETIC INDEXING, A COMBINATION TEXTBOOK-WORKBOOK WHICH CONTAINS PENMANSHIP DRILLS AND DIAGNOSTIC DRILLS, A PAPERBOUND BOOK…

Iowa State Dept. of Public Instruction, Des Moines.

319

State Licensing of Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

About 25 health professions and occupations are licensed by one or more states according to the survey of state licensing provisions by the National Center for Health Statistics. Data is presented in 22 chapters on the licensure of administrators, chiropractors, clinical laboratory personnel, dental hygienists, dentists, professional engineers,…

National Center for Health Statistics (DHEW/PHS), Hyattsville, MD.

320

Occupational Development Seminar: Instructor's Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The seminar is designed to assist young adults to better understand and to achieve more self-direction of their own occupational development processes. Designed as a psychological education approach in which classes are a mixture of experiential and pragmatic activities, the seminar is divided into fourteen three-hour sessions. Class activities,…

Hedlund, Dalva E.

321

The Occupational Therapist as Counselor  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes humanistic-existentialism as a philosophy which generates a theory of counseling and suggests how this theory can apply to the practice of an occupational therapist in the clinical setting of a community health center. (Editors/JA)

Dunning, R. Edward

1973-01-01

322

Occupational Neurotoxic Diseases in Taiwan  

PubMed Central

Occupational neurotoxic diseases have become increasingly common in Taiwan due to industrialization. Over the past 40 years, Taiwan has transformed from an agricultural society to an industrial society. The most common neurotoxic diseases also changed from organophosphate poisoning to heavy metal intoxication, and then to organic solvent and semiconductor agent poisoning. The nervous system is particularly vulnerable to toxic agents because of its high metabolic rate. Neurological manifestations may be transient or permanent, and may range from cognitive dysfunction, cerebellar ataxia, Parkinsonism, sensorimotor neuropathy and autonomic dysfunction to neuromuscular junction disorders. This study attempts to provide a review of the major outbreaks of occupational neurotoxins from 1968 to 2012. A total of 16 occupational neurotoxins, including organophosphates, toxic gases, heavy metals, organic solvents, and other toxic chemicals, were reviewed. Peer-reviewed articles related to the electrophysiology, neuroimaging, treatment and long-term follow up of these neurotoxic diseases were also obtained. The heavy metals involved consisted of lead, manganese, organic tin, mercury, arsenic, and thallium. The organic solvents included n-hexane, toluene, mixed solvents and carbon disulfide. Toxic gases such as carbon monoxide, and hydrogen sulfide were also included, along with toxic chemicals including polychlorinated biphenyls, tetramethylammonium hydroxide, organophosphates, and dimethylamine borane. In addition we attempted to correlate these events to the timeline of industrial development in Taiwan. By researching this topic, the hope is that it may help other developing countries to improve industrial hygiene and promote occupational safety and health care during the process of industrialization. PMID:23251841

Liu, Chi-Hung; Huang, Chu-Yun

2012-01-01

323

Post Occupancy Evaluation in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Scottish Executive, the devolved government for Scotland, is engaging with stakeholders to achieve excellence in the school estate through Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE). Design of the school environment has a direct impact on teaching and learning, activities which can be supported or frustrated by many building elements. Through a…

Watson, Chris; Thomson, Keith

2004-01-01

324

Curriculum Guide for Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by teachers and representatives of the health service industries, this curriculum guide outlines the basic skills and knowledge necessary for entry-level competencies in the health field or for entrance into a post-high school or university programs. Section 1, Occupational and Instructional Data, provides manpower data and an analysis…

Oregon State Board of Education, Salem. Div. of Community Colleges and Career Education.

325

Histologic Technician. Laboratory Occupations Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task-based curriculum guide for histologic technician is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a career ladder, a matrix relating duty/task numbers to job titles, and a task list. Each task…

Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

326

Forestry Occupations. A Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as a part of a larger project to revise the total agricultural education curriculum in South Carolina, this curriculum guide is designed for a 2-year course in forestry occupations. A paradigm accompanies the document and illustrates a possible time frame and sequence. The units covered by the curriculum include an orientation to…

Mercer, R. J., Ed.

327

Occupational Fatalities Annual Report 2009  

E-print Network

Occupational Fatalities in Oregon Annual Report 2009 Oregon Fatality Assessment & Control: www.ohsu.edu/croet/face This report is dedicated to the men and women in Oregon who have lost of these fatal incidents may help to save the lives of other workers in similar situations. Oregon FACE Program

Chapman, Michael S.

328

Allied Health Occupations. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum is provided for a full-year course that offers a practical and career-oriented exploratory program dealing with allied health careers. Targeted for high school juniors and seniors with little or no life science background and an interest in health occupations, the course is designed to be a hands-on, experience-oriented practical…

Farmington Public Schools, CT.

329

A Guide to Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to familiarize secondary students with the variety of occupational opportunities in the health field. It may be used in one of three ways--as a health career reference for guidance counselors, career counselors, teachers, and students; as a guide to introduce students to the health field; or as a text for career education.…

Cheu, Janey M. Y.; And Others

330

10 CFR 434.513 - Occupancy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.513 Occupancy. 5131Occupancy schedules...Assembly 50 Office 275 Retail 300 Warehouse 15000 School 75 Hotel/Motel 250 Restaurant 100...

2012-01-01

331

10 CFR 434.513 - Occupancy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.513 Occupancy. 5131Occupancy schedules...Assembly 50 Office 275 Retail 300 Warehouse 15000 School 75 Hotel/Motel 250 Restaurant 100...

2010-01-01

332

10 CFR 434.513 - Occupancy.  

...RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.513 Occupancy. 5131 Occupancy schedules...Assembly 50 Office 275 Retail 300 Warehouse 15000 School 75 Hotel/Motel 250 Restaurant 100...

2014-01-01

333

10 CFR 434.513 - Occupancy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.513 Occupancy. 5131Occupancy schedules...Assembly 50 Office 275 Retail 300 Warehouse 15000 School 75 Hotel/Motel 250 Restaurant 100...

2011-01-01

334

10 CFR 434.513 - Occupancy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.513 Occupancy. 5131Occupancy schedules...Assembly 50 Office 275 Retail 300 Warehouse 15000 School 75 Hotel/Motel 250 Restaurant 100...

2013-01-01

335

Use and Perceived Effectiveness of Occupational Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because counselors lacked practical work experiences, they had difficulty relating to students about occupational information. Administrative problems and the school's philosophy and attitudes were also obstacles in promoting the effective use of occupational information. (Author/CM)

Young, Darius R.

1981-01-01

336

Occupational asthma caused by dry metabisulphite  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case is described of occupational asthma in a worker with no previous history of asthma who sprinkled dried metabisulphite powder onto potatoes and developed work-related symptoms. Occupational asthma was confirmed by specific inhalation challenges.

J L Malo; A Cartier; A Desjardins

1995-01-01

337

Non-occupational exposure to silica dust  

PubMed Central

Occupational exposure to silica occurs at workplaces in factories like quartz crushing facilities (silica flour milling), agate, ceramic, slate pencil, glass, stone quarries and mines, etc., Non-occupational exposure to silica dust can be from industrial sources in the vicinity of the industry as well as non-industrial sources. Recently, public concern regarding non-occupational or ambient exposure to crystalline silica has emerged making it important to gather information available on non-occupational exposures to silica dust and non-occupational silicosis. This paper reviews various non-occupational exposures reported in literature including some studies by the author. Methodology used in assessment of non-occupational exposures, standards for non-occupational exposures to silica dust and indirect estimation of cumulative risk % are also discussed. PMID:23776316

Bhagia, L. J.

2012-01-01

338

Values and work environment: Mapping 32 occupations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study addresses the relationship between values and occupations. Israeli workers (N=652; mean age=47; 43% male) in 32\\u000a occupations reported their values using the Portrait Value Questionnaire (Schwartz, Melech, Lehmann, Burgess, Harris, & Owens,\\u000a 2001), and value scores were aggregated within occupations. Occupations were classified according to the Holland (1985) typology.\\u000a Enterprising work environments correlated negatively with universalism values. Social

Ariel Knafo; Lilach Sagiv

2004-01-01

339

Definition and diagnosis of occupational asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Occupational asthma is a disease characterized by variable airflow limitation and\\/or hyperresponsiveness and\\/or inflammation\\u000a due to causes and conditions attributable to a particular occupational environment and not to stimuli encountered outside\\u000a the workplace. Two types of occupational asthma are distinguished based on their appearance after a latency period or not:\\u000a the classical occupational asthma requiring a period of sensitization and

André Cartier

340

[Occupational hygiene topics in ferroalloys production].  

PubMed

Hygienic evaluation covered work conditions of main occupations in ferroalloys production on a plant in Ural regions. The occupations are: ferroalloy furnace operator, ferroalloy furnace worker and crane operator. The findings proved that the workers are exposed to a complex of occupational hazards among which dust and unfavorable microclimate play major role. At the enterprise, occupational dust disease cases (silicosis from exposure to silicon-containing dust) are registered, with average development duration of 28.7 +/- 6.2 years. PMID:25282808

Kudriashov, I N; Fedoruk, A A

2014-01-01

341

Socioeconomic consequences of nuclear reactor accidents  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies and characterizes the off-site socioeconomic consequences that would likely result from a severe radiological accident at a nuclear power plant. The types of impacts that are addressed include economic impacts, health impacts, social/psychological impacts and institutional impacts. These impacts are identified for each of several phases of a reactor accident - from the warning phase through the post-resettlement phase. The relative importance of the impact during each accident phase and the degree to which the impact can be predicted are indicated. The report also examines the methods that are currently used for assessing nuclear reactor accidents, including development of accident scenarios and the estimating of socioeconomic accident consequences with various models. Finally, a critical evaluation is made regarding the use of impact analyses in estimating the contribution of socioeconomic consequences to nuclear accident reactor accident risk. 116 references, 7 figures, 15 tables.

Tawil, J.J.; Callaway, J.W.; Coles, B.L.; Cronin, F.J.; Currie, J.W.; Imhoff, K.L.; Lewis, P.M.; Nesse, R.J.; Strenge, D.L.

1984-06-01

342

Analysis of accidents during flashing operations  

E-print Network

. In this thesis, the relative impacts of flashing signal operation versus regular signal operation were evaluated in several cities and towns in the State of Texas. Analysis were conducted to determine whether an increase in accidents and accident severity...

Obermeyer, Michael Edward

2012-06-07

343

Environmental Scientists and Conservation Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on environmental scientists and conservation occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include foresters,…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

344

Occupational science: A new source of power for participants in occupational therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational science is an emerging discipline which has the potential to support the practice and study of occupational therapy and contribute new knowledge to society. It originated in the values and traditions of occupational therapy as articulated by Adolph Meyer, the “occupational behavior” framework of Mary Reilly, the spirit of Jean Ayres’ clinical practice for children, and the work of

Elizabeth J. Yerxa

1993-01-01

345

Business Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on business occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include accountants, advertising workers, collections…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

346

Ann. occup. Hyg., Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 147153, 2005 # 2004 British Occupational Hygiene Society  

E-print Network

research and enforces standards on occupational health and safety. HSE developed EASE to aid in riskAnn. occup. Hyg., Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 147­153, 2005 # 2004 British Occupational Hygiene Society Program for Estimating Occupational Exposures KAREN L. JOHNSTON1 , MARGARET L. PHILLIPS1 *, NURTAN A

Illinois at Chicago, University of

347

Co?occupation: The challenges of defining concepts original to occupational science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term co?occupation was coined in the early days of occupational science and has begun to accrue a grouping of studies that shed light on its dynamic. Its lasting nature as a concept original to occupational science may be due to the fact that it is grounded in the interdisciplinary play literature, as well as the interests of occupational scientists

Doris Pierce

2009-01-01

348

Banking and Insurance Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on banking and insurance occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include bank clerks, bank officers/managers,…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

349

Mathematics and Related Occupations. Reprinted from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, 1978-79 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on mathematics and related occupations, this document is one in a series of forty-one reprints from the Occupational Outlook Handbook providing current information and employment projections for individual occupations and industries through 1985. The specific occupations covered in this document include accountants, actuaries,…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

350

EDMS 894435 INTERNAL ACCIDENT REPORT  

E-print Network

.McDonald/Princeton University-USA A. Fabich AB/ATB MERIT Exp. Spokespersons Subject: ACCIDENT FIRE POLLUTION "NEAR MISS immediately after the occurrence. 3 Material damage or pollution Total volume of mercury spillage was approximately 200 ml. Of that volume, approximately 50ml made it to the retention plastic, and a smaller

McDonald, Kirk

351

Multidisciplinary perspective on accident investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing complexity of many computer-controlled application processes is placing increasing demands on the investigation of adverse events. At the same time, there is a growing realisation that accident investigators must consider a wider range of contributory and contextual factors that help to shape human behaviour in the causes of safety-related incidents. A range of techniques have been developed to

S. Basnyata

352

The Physics of Traffic Accidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shows how physics can be used to analyze and prevent traffic accidents by determining critical speeds on curves, the behavior of motor cycles and stability of articulated vehicles, and the visibility that is needed to make a minor road junction safe. (MLH)

Knight, Peter

1975-01-01

353

Occupational therapy defined asa complex intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Author Acknowledgments: Sarah Cook, Charlotte Munday and Irene Ilott Price £10.00 This document should be referenced as Creek J 2003, Occupational therapy defined as a complex intervention, London, College of Occupational Therapists This work was commissioned,to Jennifer Creek by the College of Occupational Therapists in partnership with the South London and Maudsley NHS Trust. The College wishes to acknowledge the

Jennifer Creek

354

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Automotive Technician Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the automotive technician cluster. The document begins with overviews of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

355

Occupational Earnings: Market and Institutional Influences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates influences on occupational earnings by estimating a standard human capital equation across 175 occupational classifications, using mean 1969 male earnings as the dependent variable. The author finds it significant that the highest paid occupations included manager and self-employed groups while low paying ones included service and…

Fogel, Walter

1979-01-01

356

Technical and Occupational Shops. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The layouts and specifications provided are intended as a guide to school boards, educators, and architects. Drawings and room plans illustrate specifications for girls' occupational shop, graphic arts, carpentry (millwork and building construction shop), boys' occupational shop (mechanical), boys' occupational shop (building construction),…

Ontario Dept. of Education, Toronto. School Planning and Building Research Section.

357

Innovative Approaches to Health Occupations Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To improve communications between health occupations educators and health professionals about developments in health occupations education, a compilation of 21 approaches used in health occupations education is presented. Outlines of the 21 different courses are presented, grouped in eight areas: (1) career mobility--modified LPN program for…

Gurney, Elizabeth, Comp.; Kintgen, Jean, Comp.

358

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards. Beef Production Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in occupations in the beef production cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

359

Home Economics Education Guide for Occupational Foods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist home economics teachers in providing a training program to prepare high school students for jobs in foods occupations, this curriculum guide contains a two-year course of study in occupational foods. The first-year program consists of nineteen units, as follow: (1) introduction to food service occupations; (2) sanitation; (3)…

Looney, Era F.

360

Age, Education and Occupational Earnings Inequality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we will investigate the effect of six factors on occupational earnings inequality across all occupations in our sample and across occupations in five major Census subgroups. Those six factors are: differences in tasks, different levels of efficiency, institutional factors, time worked, the demand for labor and discrimination. Age and schooling will receive primary attention in our work

Edward N. Wolff; Dennis M. Bushe

1976-01-01

361

Gender Differences in Occupational Labor Market Structure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study attempts to assess the validity of occupational labor market typologies used in the literature. Analyses of occupational characteristics from 1970 Census Bureau data for males and females indicate occupational labor markets may be more differentiated and complex than suggested in the dual labor market literature. (Author/CH)

Lorence, Jon

1987-01-01

362

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Floristry Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended to serve as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois Occupational Skill Standards for occupational education in the floristry cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and credentialing, the process used to develop…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

363

Occupational therapy for stroke patients at home  

Microsoft Academic Search

The provision of occupational therapy for stroke patients by the social services was examined in 327 patients who had been discharged from hospital. Two- thirds (64%) of the patients were referred to the social service occupational therapist (SSOT). The occupational therapist visited a median of seven days from referral, treated the patient twice and then closed the case.The SSOT provided

PA Clarke; H. Collins; Jrf Gladman

1995-01-01

364

The Occupational Therapy Elder Abuse Checklist  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational therapists encounter elder abuse in society and in clinical practice; however, the occupational therapy literature is void of information and tools for assessing and treating individuals at risk. Occupational therapists are in a unique position to identify elder abuse. Definitions of elder abuse, signs and symptoms of elder abuse, and reporting practices required of professionals coming in contact with

Mary Jean Lafata; Christine A. Helfrich

2001-01-01

365

Treatment model: Occupational therapy for sexual dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational therapy's health care delivery is concerned in returning patients to as high a level of performance as possible in their activities of daily living. Occupational therapists' efforts, therefore, are concerted toward the patients' ability to successfully resume their various roles. Patients are assisted in managing their household, clothing, bathroom and bed activities, etc. This paper indicates that occupational therapists

Evelyn M. Andamo

1980-01-01

366

Occupational Agricultural Injury Surveillance in California  

E-print Network

Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. In particular, the authors thank John Sestito, Gene Freund Communities (OHNAC) funded by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. The OHNAC study for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and is complementary to a second NIOSH funded project, the Farm Family

Leistikow, Bruce N.

367

Merger of Occupational Health & Safety Directorate  

E-print Network

1 Welcome Merger of Occupational Health & Safety Directorate Intranet Site Caption Competition Training IOSH Training E-Safe Occupational Health & Safety Newsletter Issue 1 Edition 1 August 2011 Issue 1 Dr Kevin Thurlow Occupational Health & Safety Director Welcome to the 2 nd Edition of e

Chittka, Lars

368

BSc in Occupational Safety & Health Management  

E-print Network

BSc in Occupational Safety & Health Management UCD School of Public Health, Physiotherapy in Occupational Safety and Health Management is a part-time multidisciplinary undergraduate degree programme, which is designed for Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) professionals, who are both practising

369

0 Occupational Asthma February 13, 2013  

E-print Network

- 0 Occupational Asthma WEBINAR February 13, 2013 10:0 a.m. ­ 11:30 p.m. P W SREVENTION ORKSHOP ERIES February 2013 Occupational Asthma Webinar PARTICIPANT REGISTRATION FORM I would like to receive notification of future workshops by e-mail. How did you hear about the Occupational Asthma webinar? newspaper e

deYoung, Brad

370

Occupational respiratory disease in the services industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To describe the spectrum and occurrence of occupational exposures of relevance to the respiratory system and their subsequent adverse effects within the service industries and occupations, as outlined by the U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2007. ^ Design. Systematic review of the literature from an Ovid search including years 1950 to 2008. Initially,

Lea Ann Tullis

2008-01-01

371

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Telecommunications Technician Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois Occupational Skill Standards for programs preparing students for employment in the telecommunications technician occupational cluster. The document begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skills standards…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

372

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Administrative Support Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois Occupational Skill Standards for programs preparing students for administrative support occupations. The document begins with overviews of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and credentialing, the process used to develop the…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

373

AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS OTHER THAN FARMING IN MISSOURI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY WERE TO--(1) IDENTIFY PRESENT AND EMERGING OFF-FARM AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS, (2) DETERMINE EMPLOYMENT TRENDS, (3) RELATE TYPES OF OCCUPATIONS TO STATE REGIONS, (4) DETERMINE CHARACTERISTICS OF THESE OCCUPATIONS, AND (5) DETERMINE CHARACTERISTICS OF AGRICULTURAL BUSINESSES. A SURVEY OF 3,315 FIRMS IN RURAL AREAS OF THE…

GRIFFITH, WARREN L.

374

Lumbar load attenuation for rotorcraft occupants using a design methodology for the seat impact energy-absorbing system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aircraft occupant crash-safety considerations require a minimum cushion thickness to limit the relative vertical motion of the seat-pelvis during high vertical impact loadings in crash landings or accidents. In military aircraft and helicopter seat design, due to the potential for high vertical accelerations in crash scenarios, the seat system must be provided with an energy absorber to attenuate the acceleration level sustained by the occupants. Because of the limited stroke available for the seat structure, the design of the energy absorber becomes a trade-off problem between minimizing the stroke and maximizing the energy absorption. The available stroke must be used to prevent bottoming out of the seat as well as to absorb maximum impact energy to protect the occupant. In this study, the energy-absorbing system in a rotorcraft seat design is investigated using a mathematical model of the occupant/seat system. Impact theories between interconnected bodies in multibody mechanical systems are utilized to study the impact between the seat pan and the occupant. Experimental responses of the seat system and the occupant are utilized to validate the results from this study for civil and military helicopters according to FAR 23 and 25 and MIL-S-58095 requirements. A model for the load limiter is proposed to minimize the lumbar load for the occupant by minimizing the relative velocity between the seat pan and the occupant's pelvis. The modified energy absorber/load limiter is then implemented for the seat structure so that it absorbs the energy of impact in an effective manner and below the tolerable limit for the occupant in a minimum stroke. Results show that for a designed stroke, the level of occupant lumbar spine injury would be significantly attenuated using this modified energy-absorber system.

Moradi, Rasoul; Beheshti, Hamid K.; Lankarani, Hamid M.

2012-12-01

375

Occupational Preparation for the Handicapped: Occupational Adjustment Training. Occupational Education Research Project Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 1973 to 1975, the school systems of North Wilkesboro and Wilkes County, North Carolina engaged in a mutual venture to adjust the focus of special educational services from one of academic orientation to one of academic and occupational preparation. The special educational services provided to mentally retarded pupils in seven elementary…

Wilkes County Board of Education, Wilkesboro, NC.

376

No Silver Bullet Essence and Accidents  

E-print Network

No Silver Bullet Essence and Accidents of Software Engineering TR86-020 September 1986 Frederick P. #12;No Silver Bullet Essence and Accidents of Software Engineering September, 1986 Doc. 860905 fpb TR Hill, North Carolina 27514 #12;NO SILVER BULLET - ESSENCE AND ACCIDENTS OF SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

377

Dynamic Multitasking: Accidents Lead to Nonlinear Contracts  

E-print Network

Dynamic Multitasking: Accidents Lead to Nonlinear Contracts Agostino Capponi Department of Applied allocates his resources on two tasks of different types: effort and accident pre- vention. We explicitly. In contrast to the linear incentive scheme for effort, accident prevention leads to a sublinear punish- ment

Frei, Christoph

378

ASSESSING CAUSAL FACTORS IN INDIVIDUAL ROAD ACCIDENTS  

E-print Network

ASSESSING CAUSAL FACTORS IN INDIVIDUAL ROAD ACCIDENTS: COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY IN FREEWAY REAR accident report: Happened on I-94 in downtown Minneapolis Happened during the afternoon peak period Vehicle" is a "condition or event" such that "had the condition or event been prevented...the accident would not occur

Minnesota, University of

379

MELCOR accident analysis for ARIES-ACT  

E-print Network

MELCOR accident analysis for ARIES-ACT Paul Humrickhouse Brad Merrill INL Fusion Safety Program · Ultimate decay heat removal in an accident is removed via natural circulation in the water loop, which runs Flow Flow #12;Fusion Safety Program · MELCOR is a code originally designed to model severe accident

California at San Diego, University of

380

48 CFR 836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident prevention. 836.513 Section 836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer must insert the clause at 852.236-87, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and...

2012-10-01

381

48 CFR 836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident prevention. 836.513 Section 836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer must insert the clause at 852.236-87, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and...

2011-10-01

382

ASSESSMENT OF TWO ACCIDENTS INVOLVING SAFETY DEVICES  

E-print Network

98-14 ASSESSMENT OF TWO ACCIDENTS INVOLVING SAFETY DEVICES J.F. Lechaudel. S. Bauchet INERIS Verneuil-en-Halatte, France. ABSTRACT This paper mainly aims at describing and analysing two accidents : an ammonia leakage and an explosion in a chemical unit. These accidents are in connection with safety

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

383

Aviation accident aetiology: catastrophe theory perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human error is often cited as a major contributing factor or cause of incidents and accidents. Incident surveys in aviation have attributed 70 per cent of incidents to crew error. Although a large proportion of the accidents can be attributed to human error, Reason proposes a view that many accidents are catalyzed by persons not present at the time of

A. J. Masys

2004-01-01

384

A multiple discriminant analysis of vessel accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large sample of 936 vessel accident cases occurring between 1979 and 1987 on the lower Mississippi River were cluster analyzed to generate four groups relatively unique in their respective attribute values. The attributes used to cluster the accidents included participation in the U.S. Coast Guard's New Orleans Vessel Traffic Service (NOLA-VTS), type of accident, river stage, traffic level, system

Louis A. Le Blanc; Conway T. Rucks

1996-01-01

385

Dynamic analysis of the Chernobyl accident  

Microsoft Academic Search

On April 26, 1986, the worst accident in the nuclear industry occurred at the Chernobyl Unit 4 reactor in the USSR. Initially, many causes were postulated for the accident; ultimately, a reactivity transient was identified as the driver for the power buildup leading to the core disruptive event. After the accident, the Hanford N-Reactor was put under close scrutiny to

H. Toffer; R. W. Twitchell

1987-01-01

386

NASA Medical Response to Human Spacecraft Accidents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Manned space flight is risky business. Accidents have occurred and may occur in the future. NASA's manned space flight programs, with all their successes, have had three fatal accidents, one at the launch pad and two in flight. The Apollo fire and the Challenger and Columbia accidents resulted in a loss of seventeen crewmembers. Russia's manned space flight programs have had three fatal accidents, one ground-based and two in flight. These accidents resulted in the loss of five crewmembers. Additionally, manned spacecraft have encountered numerous close calls with potential for disaster. The NASA Johnson Space Center Flight Safety Office has documented more than 70 spacecraft incidents, many of which could have become serious accidents. At the Johnson Space Center (JSC), medical contingency personnel are assigned to a Mishap Investigation Team. The team deploys to the accident site to gather and preserve evidence for the Accident Investigation Board. The JSC Medical Operations Branch has developed a flight surgeon accident response training class to capture the lessons learned from the Columbia accident. This presentation will address the NASA Mishap Investigation Team's medical objectives, planned response, and potential issues that could arise subsequent to a manned spacecraft accident. Educational Objectives are to understand the medical objectives and issues confronting the Mishap Investigation Team medical personnel subsequent to a human space flight accident.

Patlach, Robert

2010-01-01

387

The radiological impact of the Chernobyl accident  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to summarize the international assessments of the radiological impact of the Chernobyl accident. The Chernobyl accident was a technological disaster that went beyond the most pessimistic scenarios of nuclear engineers. It was more sever than a maximum credible accident to which nuclear engineers referred before it happened. In spite of its severity, the consequences

L. V. Konstantinov; A. J. Gonzalez

1988-01-01

388

The Chernobyl Accident and its Consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant was the worst industrial accident of the last century that involved radiation. The unprecedented release of multiple different radioisotopes led to radioactive contamination of large areas surrounding the accident site. The exposure of the residents of these areas was varied and therefore the consequences for health and radioecology could not be reliably

V. Saenko; V. Ivanov; A. Tsyb; T. Bogdanova; M. Tronko; Yu. Demidchik; S. Yamashita

2011-01-01

389

48 CFR 836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident prevention. 836.513 Section 836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer must insert the clause at 852.236-87, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and...

2010-10-01

390

School Bus Accidents and Driver Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines the rates and types of school bus accidents according to the age of the school bus driver. Accident rates in North Carolina for the school year 1971-72 were analyzed using three sources of data: accident reports, driver and mileage data, and questionnaires administered to a sample of school bus drivers. Data were obtained on…

McMichael, Judith

391

[Expert assessment of tinnitus in statutory accident insurance].  

PubMed

Tinnitus is defined as hearing sensation without external noise source. The aetiology contains also occupational causes such as noise industrial pollution and inner ear trauma, nevertheless the origin of tinnitus is vastly unexplained. For the expert assessment in the public insurance a step-by-step procedure is recommended: Is there a tinnitus? Was the accused cause able to provoke tinnitus? How profound is the insured person hindered in his individual work ability by the tinnitus and potential psycho vegetative reactions? In this publication hints for tinnitus-matching and for expert opinion related questions are given: is there a noise-caused tinnitus in the low frequencies? Is it possible that a noise-induced tinnitus worsens after retirement? Can stress be a potential candidate to evoke tinnitus? Under which circumstances a psychiatric assessment can be necessary? In the assessment of tinnitus crucial differences between public accident insurance, civil right, public health and handicap right are explained. PMID:19572238

Brusis, T; Michel, O

2009-07-01

392

Measurement of the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant criticality accident alarm  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant's nuclear criticality accident radiation alarm signal response time, sound wave frequency, and sound volume levels were made to demonstrate compliance with ANSI/ANS-8.3-1986. A steady-state alarm signal is produced within one-half second of obtaining a two-out-of-three detector trip. The fundamental alarm sound wave frequency is 440 hertz. The sound volume levels are greater than 10 decibels above background and ranged from 100 to 125 A-weighted decibels. The requirements of the standard were met; however the recommended maximum sound volume level of 115 dBA was exceeded. Emergency procedures require immediate evacuation upon initiation of a facility's radiation alarm. Comparison with standards for allowable time of exposure at different noise levels indicate that the elevated noise level at this location does not represent an occupational injury hazard. 8 refs., 5 figs.

Tayloe, R.W. Jr. (Battelle Columbus (USA)); McGinnis, B. (Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Piketon, OH (USA))

1990-08-31

393

[Management, quality of health and occupational safety and hospital organization: is integration possible?].  

PubMed

The evolution of the national and European legislation has progressively transformed the working environments into organized environments. Specific models for its management are being proposed, which should be integrated into general management strategies. In the case of hospitals this integration should consider the peculiar organizational complexity, where the management of the occupational risk needs to be integrated with clinical risk management and economic risk management. Resources management should also consider that Occupational Medicine has not a direct monetary benefit for the organisation, but only indirect health consequences in terms of reduction of accidents and occupational diseases. The deep and simultaneous analysis of the current general management systems and the current management methods of occupational safety and health protection allows one to hyphotesise a possible integration between them. For both of them the Top Management is the main responsible of the quality management strategies and the use of specific documents in the managerial process, such as the document of risks evaluation in the occupational management and the quality manual in the general management, is of paramount importance. An integrated management has also the scope to pursue a particular kind of quality management, where ethics and job satisfaction are innovative, as established by recent European guidelines, management systems and national legislations. PMID:21468157

Corrao, Carmela Romana Natalina

2011-01-01

394

Occupational Medicine: Opportunities for Family Physicians  

PubMed Central

Occupational medicine has grown recently in sophistication and strength. Occupational physicians with specialty certification focus their attention on toxicology and health hazards in the workplace, compliance with regulatory requirements, and preventive services. These physicians are often employed by organizations. Most occupational health care will continue to be provided by family physicians, who may also be the physicians closest to the workers and their families. There are many opportunities for family physicians to develop their skills in occupational health care and to incorporate occupational medicine into their practices. PMID:21248919

Guidotti, Tee L.

1989-01-01

395

Occupational disease surveillance data sources, 1985.  

PubMed Central

Health department epidemiologists in 50 states, New York City, and the District of Columbia were surveyed in 1985 about seven potential data sources for occupational disease surveillance. Reported sources of occupational disease data were: automated workers' compensation claims (63 per cent of the 52 respondents); provider reports (62 per cent); death certificates with occupation or industry (60 per cent); cancer registries with occupational histories (35 per cent); birth certificates with parent's occupation (27 per cent); non-cancer disease registries (13 per cent); and hospital or insurance records (8 per cent). PMID:3605466

Muldoon, J T; Wintermeyer, L A; Eure, J A; Fuortes, L; Merchant, J A; Van Lier, S F; Richards, T B

1987-01-01

396

Occupational Outlook Handbook 2000-2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The latest edition of this biannual handbook from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (last reviewed in the March 20, 1998 Scout Report) offers a wealth of career information for a wide range of occupations, including a brief review of important features and "what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects." Users can access this information (offered in HTML and .pdf formats) in three ways: by conducting a keyword search for a specific occupation, by browsing an "occupational cluster," or by browsing a listing of all occupations in alphabetical order. The Handbook remains an excellent source of relevant, condensed, and updated occupational information.

397

Occupational exposures in healthcare workers in University Hospital Dubrava--10 year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Occupational hazardous exposure in healthcare workers is any contact with a material that carries the risk of acquiring an infection during their working activities. Among the most frequent viral occupational infections are those transmitted by blood such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Therefore, they represent a significant public health problem related to the majority of documented cases of professionally acquired infections. Reporting of occupational exposures in University Hospital Dubrava has been implemented in connection with the activity of the Committee for Hospital Infections since January 2002. During the period of occupational exposures' monitoring (from January 2002 to December 2011) 451 cases were reported. The majority of occupational exposures were reported by nurses and medical technicians (55.4%). The most common type of exposure was the needlestick injury (77.6%). 27.9% of the accidents occurred during the blood sampling and 23.5% during the surgical procedure. In 59.4% of the exposed workers aHBs-titer status was assessed as satisfactory. Positive serology with respect to HBV was confirmed in 1.6% of patients, HCV in 2.2% of patients and none for HIV. Cases of professionally acquired infections were not recorded in the registry. Consequences of the occupational exposure could include the development of professional infection, ban or inability to work further in health care services and last but not least a threat to healthcare workers life. It is therefore deemed necessary to prevent occupational exposure to blood-borne infections. The most important preventive action in respect to HBV, HCV and HIV infections is nonspecific pre-exposure prophylaxis. PMID:24344541

Serdar, Tihana; Derek, Lovorka; Uni?, Adriana; Marijancevi?, Domagoj; Markovi?, Durda; Primorac, Ana; Petrovecki, Mladen

2013-09-01

398

Public and occupational risks of the Nevada (USA) Test Site.  

PubMed

The Nevada Test Site (NTS), north of Las Vegas, was the scene of hundreds of nuclear weapons tests over four decades, both above- and below ground. There is considerable interest, both in neighboring communities and elsewhere, in the risks it poses. Overall, the greatest risks are nonradioactive in origin, with occupational risks to employees and accident risks in transporting low-level nuclear wastes to the NTS from other Department of Energy (DOE) sites ranking highest. For radiation risks, that to workers handling radioactive materials is much higher than that to the surrounding population, either present or future. Overall, annual risks are small, with all fatalities approximately 0.008% of total Nevada deaths. At the NTS, the government spends about 5000 times more on radiation as opposed to nonradiation deaths. This suggests that at least some resources may be misallocated towards cleanup of public risks and that the occupational risk of cleanup may be much higher than the public risk. Thus risk may be multiplied by well-meaning programs. PMID:11494069

Inhaber, H

2001-10-01

399

Police officer anxiety after occupational blood and body fluid exposure.  

PubMed

Background In the course of their work, police staff are at risk of exposure to blood and body fluids (BBF) and potentially at risk of acquiring a blood-borne viral infection.Aims To examine levels of anxiety among Scottish police staff following an occupational exposure to BBF.Methods Police staff who reported an incident of exposure to their occupational health (OH) provider were invited to complete a postal questionnaire about their levels of self-reported anxiety after the incident and after contact with medical services (namely, OH and accident and emergency (A&E)).Results Seventy exposed individuals (66% of those invited to take part) completed a questionnaire. Participants' self-reported anxiety after the incident varied widely. Levels of anxiety reduced over time and following contact with medical services. A&E staff were more likely to be the first point of medical contact for the most anxious individuals. Pre-incident training was not associated with post-incident anxiety.Conclusions The findings suggest that contact with medical services helps to alleviate post-exposure anxieties among police staff. PMID:22679212

Dunleavy, K; Taylor, A; Gow, J; Cullen, B; Roy, K

2012-06-01

400

Occupational injuries due to violence.  

PubMed

Each year in the United States, an estimated 800 to 1,400 people are murdered at work, and an unknown number of nonfatal injuries due to workplace violence occur. Based on Ohio's workers' compensation claims from 1983 through 1985, police officers, gasoline service station employees, employees of the real estate industry, and hotel/motel employees were found to be at the highest risk for occupational violent crime (OVC) injury and death. Grocery store employees, specifically those working in convenience food stores, and employees of the real estate industry had the most reported rapes. Four previously unidentified industries at increased risk of employee victimization were described. Identification of industries and occupations at high risk for crime victimization provides the opportunity to focus preventive strategies to promote employee safety and security in the workplace. PMID:3392614

Hales, T; Seligman, P J; Newman, S C; Timbrook, C L

1988-06-01

401

Immunological treatments for occupational allergy.  

PubMed

Although avoidance of occupational triggers remains the primary step in the management of work-related allergies, immunological treatments (including biological agents and specific immunotherapy) can be regarded as potential therapeutic options for IgE-mediated diseases; for example, many studies with allergen-specific immunotherapy have been carried out on latex allergy, showing overall favorable results, at least with sublingual immunotherapy. On the other hand, only few case reports have suggested the efficacy of immunotherapy in baker's asthma as well as in laboratory animal-induced asthma. The new technologies, including component-resolved diagnosis and recombinant allergens, are expected to improve the quality and efficacy of specific immunotherapy in the future. Also the use of omalizumab may represent a suitable therapeutic choice in very selected cases of occupational allergy, as well as an approach to reduce side effects of venom immunotherapy in subjects with previous severe reactions to the treatment. PMID:24067454

Crivellaro, M; Senna, G; Marcer, G; Passalacqua, G

2013-01-01

402

Industrial Fungal Enzymes: An Occupational Allergen Perspective  

PubMed Central

Occupational exposure to high-molecular-weight allergens is a risk factor for the development and pathogenesis of IgE-mediated respiratory disease. In some occupational environments, workers are at an increased risk of exposure to fungal enzymes used in industrial production. Fungal enzymes have been associated with adverse health effects in the work place, in particular in baking occupations. Exposure-response relationships have been demonstrated, and atopic workers directly handling fungal enzymes are at an increased risk for IgE-mediated disease and occupational asthma. The utilization of new and emerging fungal enzymes in industrial production will present new occupational exposures. The production of antibody-based immunoassays is necessary for the assessment of occupational exposure and the development of threshold limit values. Allergen avoidance strategies including personal protective equipment, engineering controls, protein encapsulation, and reduction of airborne enzyme concentrations are required to mitigate occupational exposure to fungal enzymes. PMID:21747869

Green, Brett J.; Beezhold, Donald H.

2011-01-01

403

Chronophysiological study of occupational fatigue  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between the occupational fatigue of workers and the main parameters of the working regimen (the workday and\\u000a workweek durations and the physiological labor intensity) has been studied. The index of “fatigue duration,” for studying\\u000a the relation between acute and chronic fatigue of workers, was used for integrated estimation of fatigue at workplaces. The\\u000a labor intensity was estimated by

G. A. Sorokin

2008-01-01

404

The Ocean and Occupational Health  

PubMed Central

With the increase in offshore industrial operations, more needs to be known about health and safety of workers in such industries. Some general principles of occupational health apply; some special situations, such as depth diving, demand special knowledge and facilities. Equipment used also brings its own hazards. This article outlines the scope of health and safety concerns for those physicians whose patients work on or in the ocean. Imagesp1137-a PMID:21283297

Prossin, Albert

1983-01-01

405

Occupational Surveillance for Spaceflight Exposures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the importance of longterm occupational health surveillance of astronauts after exposure to the possible hazards of spaceflight. Because there is not much information about long term effects of spaceflight on human health, it is important to identify some of the possible results of exposure to the many possible factors that can influence longterm health impacts. This surveillance also allows for NASA to meet the obligation to care for the astronauts for their lifetime.

Tarver, William J.

2010-01-01

406

Occupational Hearing Loss in Korea  

PubMed Central

In this article, current status of noise exposure in workplaces, trend of workers with noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL), and prevalence of NIHL in workers by industry and job category in Korea were reviewed. In addition, trends of research on the audiological effects such as hearing loss from noise and occupational hearing loss from non-noise in Korea were addressed through reports in industrial audiology. Though noise exposure level has improved, noise still shows the highest rate of cases exceeding exposure limit among workplace hazards. NIHL is the most common occupational disease except work-related disease such as musculoskeletal disorders and cerebrovascular diseases, and NIHL prevalence is thought to be much higher than reported in official publications. Noise affecting hearing comes from various sources such as workplaces, military settings, areas with exposure to high noise, and specific noise sources. There is also occupational hearing loss by non-noise including chemicals such as organic solvents and heavy metals, barotrauma, and trauma due to welding spark. Noise affects daily life through audiological effects such as hearing loss and tinnitus, non-audiological physical effects (e.g., cardiovascular), and psychosocial and behavioral effects. Development of systematic and comprehensive hearing conservation programs for lowering the noise level in workplaces and preventing the NIHL, and preparation of technological, administrative system for its settlement at workplace are urgently needed. PMID:21258593

2010-01-01

407

The Concept of Accident Proneness: A Review  

PubMed Central

The term accident proneness was coined by psychological research workers in 1926. Since then its concept—that certain individuals are always more likely than others to sustain accidents, even though exposed to equal risk—has been questioned but seldom seriously challenged. This article describes much of the work and theory on which this concept is based, details the difficulties encountered in obtaining valid information and the interpretative errors that can arise from the examination of imperfect data, and explains why accident proneness became so readily accepted as an explanation of the facts. A recent hypothesis of accident causation, namely that a person's accident liability may vary from time to time, is outlined, and the respective abilities of this and of accident proneness to accord with data from the more reliable literature are examined. The authors conclude that the hypothesis of individual variation in liability is more realistic and in better agreement with the data than is accident proneness. PMID:14106130

Froggatt, Peter; Smiley, James A.

1964-01-01

408

The scope and specific criteria of compensation for occupational diseases in Korea.  

PubMed

The range of diseases covered by workers' compensation is constantly expanding. However, new regulations are required for the recognition of occupational diseases (ODs) because OD types evolve with changes in industrial structures and working conditions. OD criteria are usually based on medical relevance, but they vary depending on the social security system and laws of each country. In addition, the proposed range and extent of work-relatedness vary depending on the socio-economic conditions of each country. The Labor Standards Act (LSA) and the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act (IACIA) of Korea employ lists based on their requirements without listing causes and diseases separately. Despite a considerable reshuffle in 2003, the basic framework has been maintained for 50 yr, and many cases do not fit into the international disease classification system. Since July 1, 2013, Korea has expanded the range of occupational accidents to include occupational cancers and has implemented revised LSA and IACIA enforcement decrees. There have been improvements to OD recognition standards with the inclusion of additional or modified criteria, a revised and improved classification scheme for risk factors and ODs, and so on. PMID:25006322

Song, Jaechul; Kim, Inah; Choi, Byung-Soon

2014-06-01

409

Expert-control accident mitigation  

SciTech Connect

An effective accident mitigation system (AMS) combines technologies from several different areas. The end product allows the operator to select a rational course of action in a limited time. The system is comparable to having process, cost and maintenance engineers observing the process 24 hours a day. By implementing an AMS, operators will be able to reduce accidents and plant downtime, both in frequency and severity. This will also lessen the liability that a company has to investors, workers and the public. An automated AMS can be used as an operating aid when quick decisions are needed. It accomplishes this by presenting alternatives and diagnostics to the operator, quickly. Each solution is weighted by probabilistic and economic factors. In addition, the system determines the time that the operator must react to a situation. The AMS combines artificial intelligence, risk assessment and dynamic simulation into real-time control. An overview of the system is presented in this article.

Stacklin, C.A. (Fluor Daniel, Inc., Irvine, CA (US))

1989-10-01

410

NASA Occupant Protection Standards Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Current National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) occupant protection standards and requirements are based on extrapolations of biodynamic models, which were based on human tests performed under pre-Space Shuttle human flight programs where the occupants were in different suit and seat configurations than is expected for the Multi Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV) and Commercial Crew programs. As a result, there is limited statistical validity to the occupant protection standards. Furthermore, the current standards and requirements have not been validated in relevant spaceflight suit, seat configurations or loading conditions. The objectives of this study were to develop new standards and requirements for occupant protection and rigorously validate these new standards with sub-injurious human testing. To accomplish these objectives we began by determining which critical injuries NASA would like to protect for. We then defined the anthropomorphic test device (ATD) and the associated injury metrics of interest. Finally, we conducted a literature review of available data for the Test Device for Human Occupant Restraint New Technology (THOR-NT) ATD to determine injury assessment reference values (IARV) to serve as a baseline for further development. To better understand NASA s environment, we propose conducting sub-injurious human testing in spaceflight seat and suit configurations with spaceflight dynamic loads, with a sufficiently high number of subjects to validate no injury during nominal landing loads. In addition to validate nominal loads, the THOR-NT ATD will be tested in the same conditions as the human volunteers, allowing correlation between human and ATD responses covering the Orion nominal landing environment and commercial vehicle expected nominal environments. All testing will be conducted without the suit and with the suit to ascertain the contribution of the suit to human and ATD responses. In addition to the testing campaign proposed, additional data analysis is proposed to mine existing human injury and response data from other sources, including military volunteer testing, automotive Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN), and IndyCar impact and injury data. These data sources can allow a better extrapolation of the ATD responses to off-nominal conditions above the nominal range that can safely be tested. These elements will be used to develop injury risk functions for each of the injury metrics measured from the ATD. These risk functions would serve as the basis for the NASA standards. Finally, we propose defining standard test methodology for evaluating future spacecraft designs against the IARVs, including developing a star-rating system to allow crew safety comparisons between vehicles.

Somers, Jeffrey T.; Gernhardt, Michael A.; Lawrence, Charles

2011-01-01

411

Occupant-to-occupant interaction and impact injury risk in side impact crashes.  

PubMed

To date, efforts to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes have concentrated on reducing the injuries to occupants seated on the struck side of the vehicle arising from contact with the intruding side structure and/or external objects. Crash investigations indicate that occupants on the struck side of a vehicle may also be injured by contact with an adjacent occupant in the same seating row. Anecdotal information suggests that the injury consequences of occupant-to-occupant impacts can be severe, and sometimes life threatening. Occupant-to-occupant impacts leave little evidence in the vehicle, and hence these impacts can be difficult for crash investigators to detect and may be underreported. The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of impact injury from occupant-to-occupant impacts in side impact vehicle crashes. The study examined 9608 crashes extracted from NASS/CDS 1993--2006 to investigate the risk of occupant-to-occupant impacts. The study computed relative risk ratio of serious injury (MAIS 3 or greater) for drivers with and without an adjacent front seat passenger present. This approach avoids uncertainties in the coding of occupant-to-occupant contact. The NASS data showed an 8% increased injury risk for struck side drivers in cases where a belted front seat passenger was present. If the front seat passenger was unbelted, struck side driver injury risk was found to be 30% higher than for struck side drivers without a front seat passenger. A series of 6 full scale vehicle side impact crash tests, both mobile deformable barrier to vehicle and vehicle-to-pole, were conducted to assess injury risk and determine the occupant kinematics which lead to occupant-to-occupant impact. Limitations of the biofidelity of current ATDs to simulate occupant interaction were noted. Occupant interaction indicating risk of serious head injury to both the driver and front seat passenger was observed in vehicle-to-pole side impact. The results show that despite the introduction of countermeasures to protect struck side occupants from contact with intruding structure or external objects, these occupants may be severely injured by impacting adjacent occupants. The feasibility of a potential countermeasure, developed to offer protection for two adjacent occupants as well as a single occupant seated on the non-struck side, was investigated through analysis of the dummy injury responses produced in pole side impact tests, with and without the countermeasure installed. The countermeasure was observed to reduce the risk of head injury from occupant interaction. PMID:19085168

Newland, Craig; Belcher, Thomas; Bostrom, Ola; Gabler, Hampton C; Cha, Joon-Geun; Wong, Hee Loong; Tylko, Suzanne; Dal Nevo, Ross

2008-11-01

412

Commercial driver accident research survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundRoad traffic incidents (RTIs) are on the rise in Pakistan with a disproportionately higher number of accidents involving commercial vehicles.ObjectivesTo estimate the prevalence of driver related causes potentially contributing to the occurrence of RTIs involving commercial vehicles in Pakistan, including driving behaviours, fatigue, sleep inadequacy, substance abuse and other risky practices while driving.MethodsA cross sectional survey in Rawalpindi using Time

M U Mir; J Razzak; K Ahmad

2010-01-01

413

Accident analysis and DOE criteria  

SciTech Connect

In analyzing the radiological consequences of major accidents at DOE facilities one finds that many facilities fall so far below the limits of DOE Order 6430 that compliance is easily demonstrated by simple analysis. For those cases where the amount of radioactive material and the dispersive energy available are enough for accident consequences to approach the limits, the models and assumptions used become critical. In some cases the models themselves are the difference between meeting the criteria or not meeting them. Further, in one case, we found that not only did the selection of models determine compliance but the selection of applicable criteria from different chapters of Order 6430 also made the difference. DOE has recognized the problem of different criteria in different chapters applying to one facility, and has proceeded to make changes for the sake of consistency. We have proposed to outline the specific steps needed in an accident analysis and suggest appropriate models, parameters, and assumptions. As a result we feed DOE siting and design criteria will be more fairly and consistently applied.

Graf, J.M.; Elder, J.C.

1982-01-01

414

Occupational Asthma and Its Relationship to Occupational Rhinitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational asthma (OA) is a type of bronchial asthma caused by the workplace, and it accounts for 10-15% of adult asthma.\\u000a \\u000a Two types of OA are distinguished: allergic OA that occurs after a latency period, and non-allergic OA characterized by the\\u000a absence of a latency period, also defined as irritant-induced OA.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a A wide spectrum of agents both high molecular weight

Gianna Moscato; Eugenia Galdi

415

Clinical aspects of the health disturbances in Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident clean-up workers (liquidators) from Latvia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The health status of some 6,000 workers from Latvia who went to clean-up the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (CNPP) site following\\u000a the explosion on 26 April 1986 has been analyzed. The data on these workers have been recorded in the Latvian State Register\\u000a of Occupational disease patients and people exposed to ionizing radiation due to Chernobyl NPP accident (Latvian State

M. E. Eglite; T. J. Zvagule; K. D. Rainsford; J. D. Reste; E. V. ?urbakova; N. N. Kurjane

2009-01-01

416

Occupation-Centered Practice: Providing Opportunities for Becoming and Belonging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although occupation has been the central heuristic for occupational therapy practice since its inception, until recently, scholars have not examined how occupation emerges in practice. The paper will present findings of a study that examined forms of occupation and occupation-centered processes of two experienced occupational therapists who were nominated by peers and self-espoused as occupation-centered. Each therapist selected two infants

Pollie Price

2004-01-01

417

Occupational rhinitis and occupational asthma; one airway two diseases?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The concept of 'one airway, one disease' refers to the frequent comorbidity of asthma and rhinitis. However, only limited research has been done on this association for the diverse range of occupational respiratory sensitisers. The relative frequency of rhinitis was determined for the 15 respiratory sensitisers reported to cause at least 10 cases of rhinitis or asthma to The Health and Occupation Reporting (THOR) network between 1997 and 2006. Of 1408 cases, 1190 were sole diagnoses of asthma, 138 sole diagnoses of rhinitis and in 80 cases asthma coexisted with rhinitis. The six sensitisers for which rhinitis featured in over 15% of cases were all particulates and known to cause release of mast cell mediators, either directly or through IgE antibodies. Four of the other nine sensitisers often exist as vapours and only two have been consistently associated with IgE-mediated disease mechanisms. Particle size did not appear to correlate with the relative frequency of rhinitis. Despite its limitations this study would support the hypothesis that there are at least two mechanistic categories of respiratory sensitisation with rhinitis being relatively more common where the mechanism is IgE-mediated. Particulate nature may be another important factor to consider in future studies.

Seed, M. J.; Gittins, M.; DeVocht, F.; Agius, R. M.

2009-02-01

418

Occupational Trajectories and Immigrant Worker Health  

PubMed Central

During their initial years in the receiving country, many immigrants experience occupational downgrading. Downgrading is a loss of occupational status between one’s last job in the home country and first job in the receiving country, often resulting in overeducation or overqualification. Although the extent and determinants of such occupational trajectories have been characterized, the connection to immigrant worker health has not been widely examined. However, an emerging body of knowledge indicates that negative health outcomes are associated with overeducation and overqualification in general worker populations, suggesting similar experiences by immigrant workers. This article provides an overview of the magnitude and conceptualization of occupational downgrading, overeducation, and overqualification and discusses implications for immigrant worker health. Occupational health professionals should spearhead research efforts on occupational downgrading, raise public awareness about the issue, and serve as advocates for immigrant workers’ rights. PMID:23092177

Crollard, Allison; de Castro, A. B.; Tsai, Jenny Hsin-Chun

2013-01-01

419

1985 Residential Occupant Survey-Telephone  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the survey was to collect information from residential occupants related to the use and conservation of electrical energy in Pacific Northwest residences. This report documents the development, implementation, and results of the survey. For most of the residences in the survey, information was collected on the thermal integrity of the residence; the capital stock of electrical equipment and appliances used by the occupants; various energy-use related behaviors such as conservation measures undertaken, the use of wood burning equipment, indoor temperature settings, and day-to-day occupancy patterns; the occupants' attitudes about electricity prices; and various demographic indices such as the age, sex, and education of the occupants. For some residences, information also was collected on the age and size of the residence; the space and water heating fuels used in the residence; and the number and income of the occupants.

Darwin, D.F.; Ivey, D.L.; Klan, M.S.; Shankle, S.A.; Mohler, B.L.

1986-07-01

420

On predicting abundance from occupancy.  

PubMed

There is growing interest in predicting the abundance of a species in a region from the occupancy of cells in a uniform grid overlaid on the region. When the number of individuals in each cell follows a negative binomial distribution, prediction is in general not possible from the number of unoccupied cells alone. A prediction method based on the number of unoccupied cells and the number containing a single individual is described and shown to work well on simulated and real data. PMID:20465423

Solow, Andrew R; Smith, Woollcott K

2010-07-01

421

Technology Competencies for Occupational Therapy Practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

A task force has created a recommended set of technology competencies for occupational therapy practitioners at three levels of practice: entry\\/basic, intermediate, and advanced. The competencies relate to assistive technology (AT) evaluation, intervention, and resource coordination and reflect minimum knowledge and skills for registered occupational therapists (O.T.R.'s) and certified occupational therapy assistants (C.O.T.A.'s). The competencies were reviewed by members of

Joy Hammel; Jennifer Angelo

1996-01-01

422

Assessing Occupational Disability Following Trauma and Impairment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rehabilitation professionals have come to recognize the importance of comprehensive assessment in evaluating the employability\\u000a of individuals who may have acquired occupational disability secondary to trauma. Disability evaluation and rehabilitation\\u000a professionals do not always agree on nomenclature and specific methodologies, and as a result, both the meaning and practice\\u000a of assessing occupational disability vary. For many years, however, occupational disability

Jason M. Walker; Stacey A. Petersen

423

Occupational injury in the French sea fishing industry: a comparative study between the 1980s and today.  

PubMed

This study aims at comparing two data bases related to occupational injuries in the French sea fishing industry: a data base created between 1977 and 1980, a data base created between 1996 and 2001. These bases were made from report forms filled out by fishermen after an accident. The study focuses on the accidents occurring when the vessel is in the process of fishing. In the 1980s, as well as today, the processing of fishing gear seems to be a very dangerous task, correlated with the risk of being "struck by, swept along, pinned" by the elements of the rigging and the risk of serious injuries. The processing and handling of the catch also cause a large amount of accidents; during these tasks, fishermen have to cope with two main risks: being "cut or pricked" and making an "excessive effort, awkward movement". Rate and features of occupational accidents do not show notable evolution. These findings lead us to question the different prevention measures implemented in France during the last few decades and to propose new prevention direction. PMID:16962060

Chauvin, Christine; Le Bouar, Gilbert

2007-01-01

424

Public health specialists: occupational description in Turkey.  

PubMed

Public health encompasses all health problems and factors related with these problems and with the planning and implementation of activities to improve the health status of communities. Therefore, the public health field is universal as a science, but its implementation (activities) depends on the local problems specific to each community. Public health is afield of many sciences and should be open to people representing a wide variety of scientific backgrounds. Since the factors affecting an individual's health are many and varied, public health professionals should be aware of and equipped to deal with all these factors and possible health risks. Therefore, this wide range of community health problems should appear in the training programs of public health professionals. Health, social and natural sciences are the basic sciences of public health. Upon this knowledge, the trainees learn "epidemiology and biostatistics", which are the main diagnostic sciences of public health, and then the common existing and potential health problems as relates to environmental, occupational, reproductive, and child health, community nutrition, infectious and chronic diseases, geriatrics, mental health, disaster medicine, and accidents, etc. The public health professional, in order to effectively control a community's health problems, should also be educated in health care management and be able to conduct health education programs. Turkish Society of Public Health Specialists has documented the job description and listed what public health specialists should know and be able to do. According to this document: "The tasks of public health specialists are to determine the health status of the people, the existing and potential health problems, their reasons, and the health needs of the community; to develop public policies and strategies for solving these problems; to monitor and assess public health problems; to participate in the implementation of these programs; and to act as managers at all levels of health services. In realizing these tasks, public health specialists locate the sources of information and collect and analyze data. Regarding their managing tasks, they conduct planning, organizing, staffing, directing, supervising, coordinating, reporting, and budgeting activities. A public health specialist is involved directly in research, consultancy, program development, the control of epidemics, public health education, health care management, and provision and supervision of preventive and curative services." PMID:21375146

Oztek, Zafer

2010-01-01

425

Italian occupational health: concepts, conflicts, implications.  

PubMed Central

This paper examines Italy's worker-based model for occupational health, especially its key concepts and its relation to social conflict. It briefly reviews the history of three approaches to occupational health in Italy: university-based, industry-based, and government-based. It then analyzes the worker-based approach, which emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s as worker groups and trade unions mobilized around new concepts of occupational health. Five key concepts are discussed: the workers' homogeneous group; workers' subjectivity; the use of contract language; the development of local occupational health institutions; and the use of occupational hazard risk maps. The analysis illustrates how the social processes of mobilization and institutionalization affected the ideas and structures of Italian occupational health. Worker mobilization in Italy produced ideological changes in the nation's occupational health system, institutional changes in universities and governments, and legislative changes at national and local levels. The institutionalization of reforms, however, created new conflicts and problems and tended to restrict worker participation and promote expert intervention. The paper concludes with a brief outline of the history of occupational health approaches in the United States and then discusses the implications of the five Italian concepts for US occupational health policy. PMID:6380322

Reich, M R; Goldman, R H

1984-01-01

426

Occupational rhinitis due to steel welding fumes.  

PubMed

Exposure to welding fumes is a recognized respiratory hazard. Occupational asthma but not occupational rhinitis has been documented in workers exposed to steel welding fumes. We report a 26-year-old male with work-related rhinitis symptoms as well as lower airways symptoms suggestive of occupational asthma and metal fume fever associated with exposure to steel welding fumes. The diagnosis of occupational rhinitis was confirmed by specific inhalation challenge. Am. J. Ind. Med. 57:1299-1302, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25255898

Castano, Roberto; Suarthana, Eva

2014-12-01

427

Occupational issues of irritant contact dermatitis.  

PubMed

Occupational irritant contact dermatitis (ICD), a non-immunological cutaneous inflammatory response to a workplace substance, comprises a major portion of occupational dermatoses in industrialized societies, resulting in considerable social and economic implications. The sheer morphological variety of ICD presents a diagnostic and classification challenge; ideotypes identified to date include acute, chronic and cumulative irritant dermatitis, delayed acute irritant dermatitis, irritant reaction, pustular irritant dermatitis, suberythematous irritation, sensory irritation, friction dermatitis and airborne dermatitis. Hand dermatitis is the most frequent manifestation of occupational ICD. This article reviews the various types of ICD, the epidemiological data available to date, risk factors, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of ICD, emphasizing occupational issues. PMID:12827369

Chew, Ai-Lean; Maibach, Howard I

2003-06-01

428

Occupational Employment Projections. Outlook: 1990-2005.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although job openings are expected to occur at all levels of education and training, opportunities to advance into the higher paying occupations will generally require postsecondary education. (Author)

Silvestri, George; Lukasiewicz, John

1991-01-01

429

Imaging of occupational and environmental lung diseases  

SciTech Connect

The chest radiograph is the basic tool for identifying occupational and environmental lung diseases; however, its sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of occupational and environmental lung diseases are low. High-resolution CT is the optimal method of recognizing parenchymal abnormalities in occupational and environmental disease. With the exception of pleural plaques, the CT findings of occupational and environmental lung diseases are nonspecific. Therefore, correlation of imaging features with history of exposure, other clinical features, and sometimes pathology is needed for the diagnosis of pneumoconiosis.

Akira, M. [Kinki Cuo Chest Medical Center, Osaka (Japan)

2008-03-15

430

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IN DISASTER RESTORATION ACTIVITY AFTER SOME MAJOR EARTHQUAKES  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Occupational safety and health in disaster restoration activity following the Great Hanshin Earthquake (1995), Niigata Chuetsu Earthquake (2004), Niigata Chuetsu-oki Earthquake (2007) Great East Japan Earthquake (2011) were analyzed and characterized in order to raise awareness on the risks and hazards in such work. In this scenario, the predominant type of accident is a "fall" which increases mainly due to the fact that labourers are working to repair houses and buildings. On the other hand, landslides were prevalent in the Niigata Chuetsu Earthquake, resulting in more accidents occurring during geotechnical works rather than in buildings construction works. In the abnormal conditions that characterize recovery activities, when safety and health measures have a tendency to be neglected, it is important to reinstate adequate measures as soon as possible by carrying out the usial risk assessments.

Toyosawa, Yasuo; Itoh, Kazuya; Kikkawa, Naotaka

431

STUDY OF INTERSECTION ACCIDENTS BY MANEUVER TYPE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies dealing with the effect of road geometry on accidents by vehicle maneuvers have been reported, mostly for western countries and a few for Asia. However, no such studies have been reported for Singapore. Traffic accidents arising from head-to-side and head-to-rear maneuvers at four-legged signalized intersections in Singapore were investigated. Based on accident data at intersections in the southwestern part

Sudeshna Mitra; Hoong Chor Chin; Mohammed Quddus

2002-01-01

432

SRS's production reactor severe-accident issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Severe accident behavior in Al-U metal-fueled production reactors is sufficiently different from commercial oxide-fueled reactors that an ongoing research and development (R and D) effort is needed to resolve issues specific to metal-fueled systems. The severe-accident program at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is based on light water reactor (LWR) technology when appropriate. A direct application of severe-accident phenomena technology

P. G. Ellison; M. L. Hyder; P. R. Monson; M. J. Ades

1991-01-01

433

1998 annual report Office of Occupational Medicine and Medical Surveillance  

SciTech Connect

the mission of EH-61 is the prevention of worker illness by fostering outstanding occupational medicine and medical surveillance programs within the DOE complex. The EH-61 annual report for 1998 describes our major activities and achievements as we have worked toward realizing this mission through our main program lines (1) Surveillance; (2) policy(Field SUppOti; (3) Information/Communication; and (4) Research. Some of our major 1998 accomplishments are highlighted below for more details, please consult the corresponding sections of this report. The FORMER BERYLLIUM WORKERS MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM identifies and locates former employees exposed to beryllium and provides enhanced medical monitoring for early identification of chronic beryllium disease (CBD). Over Z0,000 current and former workers have been contacted to date, and there have been about 8,8oo responders. More than 100 cases of CBD have been detected. The DOE FORMER WORKERS PROGRAM (FWP) is targeted primarily to former workers who have either retired or left DOE facilities. In FY 1998, there were 10 pilot projects operating at 9 sites. These pilots will validate approaches for medical screening of former employees and health risk communication efforts. When completed in FY 2002, the information gained from the pilots will serve as a basis for projecting funding and resources needed for the FWP in the years ahead. We have helped develop health-related POLICIES/GUIDANCE, that will promote the health of the contractor workforce by addressing current and emerging issues related to occupational health. The RADIATION EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER/TRAINING SITE (REAC/TS) is supported by EH-61 and assists DOE by maintaining state-of-the-art expertise in radiation medicine and biodosimetry. This support provides DOE with a national and international 24-hour response capability for evaluating and managing victims of radiation accidents occurring at its facilities or among the general public. In collaboration with site occupational medical programs and operations offices, we have enhanced medical surveillance efforts by completing the development of the MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE INFORMATION SYSTEM (MSIS), which will enhance the ability of both Headquarters and site occupational medical clinics to evaluate site-wide/DOE-wide trends, as well as health issues related to specific worker cohorts. We have achieved the first linkup to a major site. We have helped improve worker risk communication by developing and disseminating a model WORKER RISK COMMUNICATION PROGRAM for beryllium workers.

Gebus, George R.

1999-06-10

434

Calculation notes that support accident scenario and consequence development for the subsurface leak remaining subsurface accident  

SciTech Connect

This document supports the development and presentation of the following accident scenario in the TWRS Final Safety Analysis Report: Subsurface Leak Remaining Subsurface. The calculations needed to quantify the risk associated with this accident scenario are included within.

Ryan, G.W., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-07-12

435

Calculation notes that support accident scenario and consequence development for the subsurface leak remaining subsurface accident  

SciTech Connect

This document supports the development and presentation of the following accident scenario in the TWRS Final Safety Analysis Report: Subsurface Leak Remaining Subsurface. The calculations needed to quantify the risk associated with this accident scenario are included within.

Ryan, G.W., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-09-19

436

HTGR severe accident sequence analysis  

SciTech Connect

Thermal-hydraulic, fission product transport, and atmospheric dispersion calculations are presented for hypothetical severe accident release paths at the Fort St. Vrain (FSV) high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR). Off-site radiation exposures are calculated for assumed release of 100% of the 24 hour post-shutdown core xenon and krypton inventory and 5.5% of the iodine inventory. The results show conditions under which dose avoidance measures would be desirable and demonstrate the importance of specific release characteristics such as effective release height. 7 tables.

Harrington, R.M.; Ball, S.J.; Kornegay, F.C.

1982-01-01

437

Global nucleosome occupancy in yeast  

PubMed Central

Background Although eukaryotic genomes are generally thought to be entirely chromatin-associated, the activated PHO5 promoter in yeast is largely devoid of nucleosomes. We systematically evaluated nucleosome occupancy in yeast promoters by immunoprecipitating nucleosomal DNA and quantifying enrichment by microarrays. Results Nucleosome depletion is observed in promoters that regulate active genes and/or contain multiple evolutionarily conserved motifs that recruit transcription factors. The Rap1 consensus was the only binding motif identified in a completely unbiased search of nucleosome-depleted promoters. Nucleosome depletion in the vicinity of Rap1 consensus sites in ribosomal protein gene promoters was also observed by real-time PCR and micrococcal nuclease digestion. Nucleosome occupancy in these regions was increased by the small molecule rapamycin or, in the case of the RPS11B promoter, by removing the Rap1 consensus sites. Conclusions The presence of transcription factor-binding motifs is an important determinant of nucleosome depletion. Most motifs are associated with marked depletion only when they appear in combination, consistent with a model in which transcription factors act collaboratively to exclude nucleosomes and gain access to target sites in the DNA. In contrast, Rap1-binding sites cause marked depletion under steady-state conditions. We speculate that nucleosome depletion enables Rap1 to define chromatin domains and alter them in response to environmental cues. PMID:15345046

Bernstein, Bradley E; Liu, Chih Long; Humphrey, Emily L; Perlstein, Ethan O; Schreiber, Stuart L

2004-01-01

438

Illustrations of Equivalent Methods to Reproduce Vehicle and Occupant Dynamics as a Pedagogical Tool  

E-print Network

When explaining to a lay audience the magnitude of forces or accelerations imparted to vehicles or experienced by vehicle occupants during a motor vehicle collision, it is often helpful to recast the critical results in terms of other physical systems or impact configurations which will reproduce the equivalent dynamics of the subject accident to serve as a conceptual aid for the audience. In this article, we present the basis for such equivalents and explicitly demonstrate, using two physics simulation software packages, that such equivalents are based on nothing more than the application of the laws of physics.

Scurlock, Bob J

2014-01-01

439

Occupational and environmental health problems of the developing oil shale industry: a review.  

PubMed

The American oil shale industry is on the threshold of commercial industrial development. Potential occupational hazards include shalosis or oil shale pneumoconiosis, dermatoses, cancer of the skin, lung, and possibly other sites, and accidents. Air, water, and solid waste pollution problems are complicated by the aridity of the Green River oil shale formation located in Utah, Colorado, and Wyoming. The region currently lacks the schools, health facilities, community services, and skilled labor required for large-scale development. The oil shale industry faces an opportunity and a challenge of prudently assessing and controlling exposures and contributing to the social development of the region. PMID:6285698

Rom, W N; Lee, J S; Craft, B F

1981-01-01

440

Probabilistic analysis of air carrier accidents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to estimate the potential risks due to carbon fibers (CF) released from aircraft accidents, it was necessary to quantify the probability of an accident or incident at a major hub airport. This probability was contingent upon various conditions surrounding the incident including the phase of operation, aircraft type, and the weather conditions. The type of accident predicted was categorized according to its location relative to the runway and the severity of damage sustained. The methodology utilized to estimate the probability of a specific type of accident is outlined and the various models that were developed in the course of this work are described.

1979-01-01

441

Aircraft Loss-of-Control Accident Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Loss of control remains one of the largest contributors to fatal aircraft accidents worldwide. Aircraft loss-of-control accidents are complex in that they can result from numerous causal and contributing factors acting alone or (more often) in combination. Hence, there is no single intervention strategy to prevent these accidents. To gain a better understanding into aircraft loss-of-control events and possible intervention strategies, this paper presents a detailed analysis of loss-of-control accident data (predominantly from Part 121), including worst case combinations of causal and contributing factors and their sequencing. Future potential risks are also considered.

Belcastro, Christine M.; Foster, John V.

2010-01-01

442

Thermal hydraulic features of the TMI accident  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Three Mile island (TMI)-2 accident resulted in extensive core damage and recent data confirms that the reactor vessel was challenged from molten core materials. A hypothesized TMI accident scenario is presented that consistently explains the TMI data and is also consistent with research findings from independent severe fuel damage experiments. The TMI data will prove useful in confirming our understanding of severe core damage accidents under realistic reactor systems conditions. This understanding will aid in addressing safety and regulatory issues related to severe core damage accidents in light water reactors.

Tolman, B.

1985-10-01

443

Accident insurance, sickness, and science: New Zealand's no-fault system.  

PubMed

This article explores the process of seeking compensation for occupational illness under a no-fault accident insurance scheme. The author uses two case studies--firefighters who attended a fire at a chemical storage depot and timbermill workers who worked with pentachlorophenol--to illustrate how science can be used to deny compensation to sick and dying workers. The results of the studies suggest that a no-fault accident compensation scheme, considered to be a victory for workers, offers no guarantee of just outcomes for working people. And science can be co-opted and used to support business and state interests against workers; this ideological support is increasingly hidden behind the development of "objective" systems of assessing compensation claims. PMID:11913855

Dew, Kevin

2002-01-01

444

Social class, occupational status, occupational self-direction, and job income: A cross-national examination  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates the relationships of social class position, occupational status, and occupational self-direction to job income in three modern industrial societies, the United States, Japan, and Poland. In doing so, it goes beyond Wright and Perrone's analysis of 1977, which sought to establish the importance of social class by comparing the relative power with which occupational status and social

Carmi Schooler; Carrie Schoenbach

1994-01-01

445

A Comparison of Occupational Therapists' and Certified Occupational Therapy Assistants' Mobility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares the mobility patterns of 1,092 occupational therapists with those of 1,840 occupational therapy assistants to determine the relationship between academic degree and distance individuals live from the institution at which they received their occupational therapy education. Concludes that mobility is not an important enough criterion to…

Mann, William C.; Wilson, Linda

1990-01-01

446

McGill University's School of Physical and Occupational Therapy  

E-print Network

1 McGill University's School of Physical and Occupational Therapy Canadian Association of Occupational Therapist's Annual Conference June 2012 The Occupational Therapy program of McGill's School of Physical and Occupational Therapy was well- represented at the 2012 Canadian Association of Occupational

Volesky, Bohumil

447

Occupational Therapy and Older Drivers: Research, Education, and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Occupational therapists facilitate independence and support participation in occupations that are personally meaningful to clients to enhance well-being and quality of life. Among the occupations addressed by occupational therapists is the instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) of driving. Occupational therapists are particularly concerned…

Stav, Wendy B.

2008-01-01

448

Safety Management of Traffic Accident Scene Based on System Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traffic system is a dynamic complicated one which is constituted of some factors. Traffic accident will happen if these factors mismatch with each other. Safety level of traffic accident scene affects occurrence rate of secondary accident. In order to evaluate safety level of traffic accident scene, prevent from secondary accident happening and protect the policemen, crowds by the scene and

Wen-hui Zhang; Hong-guo Xu; Biao Wu; Sheng-qin Li

2008-01-01

449

Date of Accident: _____/_____/________ Day of Week: __________________ Hour: _____:______ AM / PM TIME VEHICLE ACCIDENT REPORT  

E-print Network

motor vehicle accidents involving State employees, vehicles, equipment or where highways could result in claim against State. For reports of non-motor vehicle accidents and occurrence that could result-Vehicle." THIS REPORT IS NOT a substitute for Motor Vehicle Department's required "Motor Vehicle Accident Report

Farritor, Shane

450

Injury and Illness Prevention Programs Investigation of Accidents, Injuries and Illnesses INVESTIGATION OF ACCIDENTS,  

E-print Network

Injury and Illness Prevention Programs Investigation of Accidents, Injuries and Illnesses 1 INVESTIGATION OF ACCIDENTS, INJURIES AND ILLNESSES AG TOOL 1 I. Purpose Investigations are conducted to find out the cause of accidents, injuries and illnesses, and to prevent similar events from happening in the future

Leistikow, Bruce N.

451

GESTION DES PRESQUE ACCIDENTS ET ACCIDENTS MAJEURS : PREMIER BILAN D'UNE ENQUETE SUR DES SITES SEVESO  

E-print Network

GESTION DES PRESQUE ACCIDENTS ET ACCIDENTS MAJEURS : PREMIER BILAN D'UNE ENQUETE SUR DES SITES sur la gestion des presque accidents. Les presque accidents sont associés à la thématique des précurseurs et des signaux faibles, ces signaux qui sont rendus évident seulement une fois que l'accident est

Boyer, Edmond

452

Occupational Therapy in School-Based Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past ten years, concerns have been voiced about the preservice preparation of occupational therapy (OT) practitioners to work in schools and early childhood programs. States and local districts have long complained of shortages of occupational therapists (OTs) in these settings. In addition, the "Twenty-Second Annual Report to Congress on…

Swinth, Yvonne; Chandler, Barbara; Hanft, Barbara; Jackson, Leslie; Shepherd, Jayne

2004-01-01

453

Involvement of Occupational Therapy Departments in Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In nearly half of 107 occupational therapy departments in Quebec, occupational therapists participated in research, especially in university hospitals and rehabilitation centers. Most played the role of collaborator, paid evaluator, or research assistant. Research participation was facilitated by time allocation, administrative support, financial…

Majnemer, Annette; Desrosiers, Johanne; Gauthier, Jacques; Dutil, Elisabeth; Robichaud, Line; Rousseau, Jacqueline; Hebert, Lucie

2001-01-01

454

Intergenerational Wellness Programming in Occupational Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an intergenerational service-learning project, occupational therapy interns provided wellness interventions for older adults residing in a community house. Occupational performance measures improved for six of eight clients. Students increased knowledge of wellness planning and programming. The program was consistent with the house's mission of…

Pearlman, Victoria; Wallingford, Minetta S.

2003-01-01

455

An Analysis of the Residential Remodeling Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the residential remodeling occupation. The analysis only briefly covers the many areas of residential remodeling. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the…

Scruggs, Kenneth

456

Industrial Instrument Mechanic. Occupational Analyses Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis covers tasks performed by an industrial instrument mechanic, an occupational title some provinces and territories of Canada have also identified as industrial instrumentation and instrument mechanic. A guide to analysis discusses development, structure, and validation method; scope of the occupation; trends; and safety. To facilitate…

Dean, Ann; Zagorac, Mike; Bumbaka, Nick

457

Brainstorm: Occupational choice, bipolar illness and creativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although economists have analyzed earnings, unemployment, and labor force participation for those with bipolar illness, occupational choice has yet to be explored. Psychological and medical studies often suggest an association between bipolar illness and creative achievement, but they tend to focus on eminent figures, case studies, or small samples. We seek to examine occupational creativity of non-eminent individuals with bipolar

Carol Horton Tremblay; Shawna Grosskopf; Ke Yang

2010-01-01

458

Mathematics Used in Occupations: An Interrelated Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by counselors and mathematics teachers, this guide brings together mathematical and occupational skills to form an interrelated curriculum. Eight occupational clusters are included as follow: (1) business and office, (2) communications, (3) construction, (4) hospitality, (5) manufacturing, (6) marketing and distribution, (7)…

Minneapolis Public Schools, Minn. Dept. of Vocational Technical Education.

459

An Analysis of the Plumbing Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The occupational analysis contains a brief job description, presenting for the occupation of plumbing 12 detailed task statements which specify job duties (tools, equipment, materials, objects acted upon, performance knowledge, safety considerations/hazards, decisions, cues, and errors) and learning skills (science, mathematics/number systems, and…

Carlton, Earnest L.; Hollar, Charles E.

460

Occupational Gender Desegregation in the 1980s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of 1980 and 1990 Public Use Microdata Samples showed that, among full-time workers, occupational sex segregation declined 6.5 percentage points, less than the 8.5 point decline in the 1970s. Three-quarters of the desegregation was due to changed gender composition of occupations, one-quarter due to faster growth in more integrated…

Cotter, David A.; And Others

1995-01-01

461

An Analysis of the Wholesale Florist Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the wholesale florist occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Five duties are broken down into a number…

Lucal, Karle A.

462

An Analysis of the Retail Florist Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the retail florists occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Three duties are broken down into a number…

Cheetwood, John E.; Connell, John R.

463

Occupational gender wage discrimination in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate gender based wage differences by schooling and occupations and to estimate the occupational gender wage discrimination in Turkey where strenuous attempts are underway to modernize and negotiate its culturally (Islamic)-based gender differences. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study employs an extension of Blinder and Oaxaca's approach to measure the effect of wage

Orhan Kara

2006-01-01

464

Public Service Occupations: Grade 8. Cluster I  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum guide for grade 8, the document is devoted to the occupational cluster "Public Service Occupations." It is divided into six units: education, public utilities, community social and health services, law enforcement agencies, fire departments, and the postal system. Each unit is introduced by a statement of the topic, the unit's…

Calhoun, Olivia H.

465

Health Occupations: Clinical Rotations and Learning Packets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A one-year introductory course covering twelve different health occupations is presented in this curriculum guide designed for use at the secondary education level. Following a list of course objectives and suggested time allotments for each unit, the health occupations course outline is provided. Unit titles are the following: orientation and…

Perrine, Patricia

466

An Analysis of the Catering Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the catering occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Nine duties are broken down into a number of tasks…

Comisar, David A.; Earnhart, Marian L.

467

An Analysis of the Alteration Specialist Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the textile service occupation. The industry needs properly trained alteration specialists, bushelmen and dressmakers, in the repairing, remodeling, altering or renovating of garments. Their personal…

Buerkel, Elaine; Rehling, Joseph H.

468

An Analysis of the Residential Electricity Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the residential electricity occupation. It does not cover the complete work of a master electrician, only the basic skills needed to do residential wiring. The document opens with a brief introduction…

Dearth, Charles E.; Nordvig, Carl A.

469

Smart Automotive Airbags: Occupant Classification and Tracking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of airbags into automobiles has significantly improved the safety of the occupants. Unfortunately, airbags can also cause fatal injuries if the occupant is a child smaller (in weight) than a typical six-year-old. Between 1986 and 2001, 19 infants and 85 children were killed by airbags during relatively minor vehicle collisions. In addition to these infant and child deaths,

Michael E. Farmer; Anil K. Jain

2007-01-01

470

An Analysis of the Laboratory Assisting Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the laboratory assistant occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Eleven duties are broken down into a…

McGee, Patricia; And Others

471

Occupational Literacy: Requirements and Instructional Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The average worker spends 2.5 hours per day in occupational reading or writing, yet most classrooms fail to teach the reading and writing competencies required in skilled and semi-skilled job contexts. Occupational reading requires use of external references and following of directions, with a heavy dependence on prior knowledge and on insight.…

Rush, R. Timothy

472

An Analysis of the Auto Mechanic Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the auto mechanic occupation. It identifies the broad area of skills and knowledge necessary to perform various tasks involved in diagnosis, maintenance, and repair of automotive systems. Selected…

Conner, Michael; Thoman, LeRoy

473

Health Occupations: Grade 8. Cluster II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum guide for grade 8, the document is devoted to the occupational cluster "Health Occupations." It is divided into four units: the hospital, preventive medicine, drug use and abuse, and alcohol and tobacco. Each unit is introduced by a statement of the topic, the unit's purpose, main ideas, quests, and a list of career opportunities…

Calhoun, Olivia H.

474

The influence of privatization on occupational wages  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses individual worker and municipal information to examine privatization's influence on the wages of thirteen occupations. Findings reveal that the group of relatively low-skill content occupations comprising bus drivers and construction laborers receive a wage premium in the absence of privatization, and privatization is associated with an erosion of this premium. In contrast, the group of relatively high-skill

James Peoples; Bin Wang

2009-01-01

475

Impact of Occupational Demands on Nonwork Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examine the relationship between occupational demands and nonwork experiences of 127 senior administrators of correctional institutions. Eighteen occupational demands (e.g., complexity, ambiguity, overload, responsibility for people, and role conflict) were assessed. Dependent variables included negative-feeling states, marital and life satisfaction, satisfaction with home and family life, social participation, social support, psychosomatic symptoms, life style, and physical health. Regression

Ronald J. Burke; Tamara Weir

1981-01-01

476

Impact of Occupational Demands on Nonwork Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relationship between occupational demands and nonwork experiences of 127 senior administrators of correctional institutions. Dependent variables included: negative-feeling states, marital and social participation, social support, psychosomatic symptoms, life style, and physical health. Results indicated particular occupational demands…

Burke, Ronald J.; Weir, Tamara

1981-01-01

477

NWSM 50-1115 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY  

E-print Network

NWSM 50-1115 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH MANUAL July 16, 2014 #12;NWSM 50-1115 JULY 16, 2014 9 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH MANUAL TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION: 1 FALL PROTECTION........................................................................................................ 2-1 3 SAFE ELECTRICAL WORK PRACTICES

478

Health Occupations Cluster. Secondary Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide was designed for use in secondary health occupations education programs in Georgia. It provides a model for organizing vocational instructional content in health occupations, such as nurse, dental assistant, medical lab technician, radiologic technician, emergency medical technician, respiratory therapy assistant, medical…

Simpson, Bruce; And Others

479

Auto Collision Technician. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This occupational competency analysis profile (OCAP), which is one a series of employer-verified competency lists that were developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) job analysis process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives across Ohio, identifies the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

480

Automotive Technician. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This occupational competency analysis profile (OCAP), which is one a series of employer-verified competency lists that were developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) job analysis process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives across Ohio, identifies the occupational, academic, and employability…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

481

Teaching Guide for Social Service Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide for social service occupations is one of a series of five performance and employer-based secondary level guides for vocational education. Part 1 provides tools, resources, and a process to be used at the local level to develop a social service occupations training curriculum and supporting instructional activities. It includes…

Kempton, Robert F.

482

The Occupation of Growing, a Research Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

SSO: USA and the Environmental Design Research Association (EDRA) are two small research organizations that share similar histories, having grown out of the need to investigate the relationship of daily occupations\\/ human behavior, health and well-being, and theories grounded in the interaction between person, environment, and occupation\\/behavior. However, while EDRA formally began its life almost 35 years prior to SSO,

Lisa Ann Fagan; Jon A. Sanford

2004-01-01

483

Handbook of occupational safety and health  

SciTech Connect

With a practical approach valuable to the non-specialist and professional alike, this book delivers up-to-date information on all aspects of the field, with detailed surveys of ergonomics, occupational safety and health management, analytical techniques, occupational safety and health economics, safety and the law, and information resources. Both manufacturing and service industries are discussed in detail.

Slote, L.

1987-01-01

484

UNIVERSITY HEALTH CENTER UGA OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY HEALTH CENTER UGA OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH APPROVAL FOR PHYSICAL EXAMS, EYE EXAMS, LAB WORK No Faculty/Staff: Yes No UGA Employment: Full-Time Part-Time New to Occupational Health Program? Yes No E: Release of Information: I authorize the University Health Center ("UHC") at The University of Georgia

Arnold, Jonathan

485

Occupational Therapy Assistants Program. Demonstration Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between November 1964 and June 1967, 85 women and five men completed a 4-month course held in several Wisconsin locations to prepare them as Certified Occupational Therapy Assistants to (1) plan and direct a general activity or supportive program of occupational therapy, (2) train individual patients in independent performance of activities of…

Wisconsin State Board of Health, Madison.

486

The New Industrial Electrics/Electronics Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information on occupations in industrial electrics/electronics in the Federal Republic of Germany. Section I contains the German vocational training regulations for these occupations, including an overview of training, examinations, and the new notion of qualification. A chart illustrates the structure for training in…

German Federal Inst. for Vocational Training Affairs, Berlin (Germany).

487

Occupational Safety and Health Curriculum Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the enactment of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, the need for manpower development in the field of industrial safety and hygiene has resulted in the development of a broad based program in Occupational Safety and Health. The manual provides information to administrators and instructors on a program of study in this field for…

Gourley, Frank A., Jr., Comp.

488

Racial Discrimination and Occupational Attainment in Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an attempt to provide empirical evidence on differentials in occupational positions between black immigrants and white UK-born individuals equal in other occupation-determining characteristics. Only discrimination within the labour market is examined and it should be noted that this may be less than total discrimination, since some of an individual's characteristics may themselves be the result of discrimination

Mark B. Stewart

1983-01-01

489

An Analysis of the Industrial Sales Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the industrial sales occupation. The document opens with a brief introduction followed by a job description. The bulk of the document is presented in table form. Eight duties are broken down into a number…

Kitzmiller, Charles C.; And Others

490

The Growth of an Occupational Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents a speculative model of the growth and development of an occupational education program as it responds to changes in student interests and job market conditions. Informal discussions with the directors of several occupational schools in Massachusetts provided the base for the model. Intended as a tool for educational managers, to…

Garet, Michael S.

491

Recreation Vehicle Mechanic. Occupational Analyses Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis covers tasks performed by a recreation vehicle mechanic, an occupational title some provinces and territories of Canada have also identified as recreation vehicle technician and recreation vehicle service technician. A guide to analysis discusses development, structure, and validation method; scope of the occupation; trends; and…

Dean, Ann; Embree, Rick

492

Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach occupancy,  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach occupancy, 2009 2010 Cefas contract report C3635 Environment Report RL 01/10 #12;1 Environment Report RL 01/10 Radiological Habits Survey: Cumbrian coast beach. Survey area 9 Map 1 The Cumbrian coast beach occupancy survey area 10 3.1 General observations 11 3

493

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Beach Occupancy, 2007  

E-print Network

Radiological Habits Survey: Sellafield Beach Occupancy, 2007 Environment Report RL 02/08 Customer: Sellafield Beach Occupancy, 2007 Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science Lowestoft Laboratory to Seamill 12 4.2.1 Beach description 12 4.2.2 Activities 13 4.3 Seamill Lane to Coulderton and Nethertown 15

494

Occupational asthma: natural history, evaluation and management  

SciTech Connect

A variety of occupational circumstances are capable of inducing asthma by specific exposure to airborne dusts, gases, vapors and fumes. The authors review the clinical history of the disease, including detection of exposures and diagnostic tests. The natural history of occupational asthma, its management and finally its prevention are then discussed.

Lam, S.; Chan-Yeung, M.

1987-04-01

495

Special Help: Physical and Occupational Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Special Parent/Special Child" describes the role of occupational and physical therapy in maximizing the potential of special needs children. Physical and occupational therapy are defined and the training and functions of therapists in each area are outlined. Also discussed are the goals of therapy programs in developing gross and…

Murphy, Linda; Della Corte, Suzanne

1988-01-01

496

Occupant Protection (Seat Belt Use) - 2011 Data  

MedlinePLUS

... risk of fatal injury to front-seat passenger car occupants by 45 percent and light- truck occupants ... NumberPercentNumber PercentNumber Percent Number Percent Drivers Killed Passenger Cars 4,429 51 3,618 41 675 8 ...

497

Occupational health practice in the Singapore Navy.  

PubMed

Occupational health practice in the military is challenging and also an important facet of the overall healthcare service delivery. This paper describes how it enhances the operational readiness of the Republic of Singapore Navy during peacetime and operations, the organisational framework of occupational health services and the foreseeable challenges. PMID:16532595

Chung-Tsing, Gregory Chan

2005-01-01

498

An Analysis of the Baking Occupation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general purpose of the occupational analysis is to provide workable, basic information dealing with the many and varied duties performed in the baking occupation. Such tasks as choosing ingredients and the actual baking process are logical primary concerns, but also explored are the safety and sanitation factors and management problems in a…

Boyadjid, Thomas A; Paoletti, Donald J.

499

Occupational asthma due to spot-welding.  

PubMed

A case of occupational asthma from fumes due to spot-welding is described. The hazards from resistance welding have been considered minimal as compared to other types of welding. This paper illustrates the possible hazards of occupational asthma among welders including those doing spot-welding. It also illustrates the difficulties encountered in identifying the specific causative agent in such cases. PMID:2259956

Lee, H S; Chia, S E; Yap, J C; Wang, Y T; Lee, C S

1990-10-01

500

Occupational Profiles for the Solar Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) provides this report on occupational profiles for the solar industry. Job trends, industries, occupations, and job descriptions are described. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-06-13