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1

Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this NASA Earth Science Enterprise-funded project is to increase the use of satellite data in high school and college science classrooms by developing classroom materials linked to guided inquiry computer exercises. This Oceanography module is one of four Studying Earth's Environment from Space (SEES) modules. Each module consists of three sections: Class Resources, Computer Lab Resources and a Glossary and Acronym List. Class Resources is an electronic lecture viewable by a Web browser. Computer Lab Resources contains an instructor's guide, data and software. The instructor's guide contains exercises for using the data and software. The public domain software, a version of NIH-Image for the Macintosh that was modified by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center especially for SEES, is for data display, analysis and tutorial of satellite data. The software will also work on Windows machines with a Mac emulator. Image2000, a cross-platform Java version of the software, is expected to be available by the end of the year 2000. Each module section can stand-alone (e.g. you don't have to use the Class Resources in order to complete the Computer Lab Resources). Students and instructors may continue their own scientific discovery by accessing archived and current data from various NASA Earth Science data centers.

Smith, Elizabeth; Alfultus, Michael

2000-06-01

2

Centre of Excellence in Observational Oceanography: Nippon Foundation and POGO Supported Programme at the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Building on previous experience in capacity building for ocean observations, the Nippon Foundation (NF) and the Partnership for Observations of the Global Oceans (POGO) have announced a new Centre of Excellence (C of E) at the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS). The goals of the C of E are to expand the world-wide capacity and expertise to observe the oceans and to expand capacity-building projects and promote international collaboration and networking in ocean sciences. Over the past 104 years, BIOS has built a global reputation in blue-water oceanography, coral reef ecology, and the relationships between ocean health and human health coupled with high quality education programmes that provide direct, hands-on experience with BIOS-based research. The C of E at BIOS will build upon this model to establish a new, graduate-level education and training programme in operational oceanography. The 10 month Programme will offer course modules in ocean disciplines with a focus on observatory sciences complemented by hands-on training in observational methods and techniques based on the multi-disciplinary expertise of BIOS and BIOS-affiliated scientists who direct ongoing, ocean observational programmes such as: - Hydrostation S, since 1954; - Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study, since 1988; - Oceanic Flux Program sediment trap time-series, since 1978; - Bermuda Test-Bed and Science Mooring, since 1994; - Bermuda Microbial Observatory, since 1997; - Bermuda Bio-Optics Program, since 1992; - Atmospheric chemistry and air-sea fluxes, since 1990 Additional areas of BIOS research expertise will be incorporated in the C of E to broaden the scope of education and training. These include the nearshore observational network of the BIOS Marine Environmental Program and the environmental air-water chemistry network of the Bermuda Environmental Quality Program. A key resource of the C of E is the newly acquired 168 ft. research vessel, the RV Atlantic Explorer, which was specifically designed to provide for ocean research and education (e.g., sufficient berths for scientists and the NF- POGO Scholars; an education-specific classroom). The Atlantic Explorer will serve as a unique platform for the NF-POGO Scholars to gain hands-on, at-sea experience as participants on all scheduled research cruises. The NF-POGO Scholars will take courses that focus on the theoretical and policy side of observational oceanography and participate in a Core Skills module that emphasizes numeracy, data analysis, science management, and written and oral scientific communication. There will be one Regional Training Programme for a Developing Country each year, focused on local issues and how to resolve them. The course is open to 10 participants from developing countries (or countries with economies in transition). NF- POGO Scholars must have at least a first degree in science. Preference will be given to applicants who currently hold a position in a research or academic institution in a developing country and anticipate returning to the country after the training period. Candidates must demonstrate immediate relevance of their training to on-going or planned ocean observations in their home country.

Plumley, F. G.; Sathyendranath, S.; Frouin, R.; Knap, T.

2008-05-01

3

Applied oceanography  

SciTech Connect

This book combines oceanography principles and applications such as marine pollution, resources, and transportation. It is divided into two main parts treating the basic principles of physical oceanography, and presenting a unique systems framework showing how physical oceanography, marine ecology, economics, and government policy may be combined to define the newly developing field of applied oceanography.

Bishop, J.M.

1984-01-01

4

Using Oceanography to Support Active Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teachers are always on the lookout for material to give their brightest students, in order to keep them occupied, stimulated and challenged, while the teacher gets on with helping the rest. They are also looking for material that can inspire and enthuse those who think that school is 'just boring!' Oceanography, well presented, has the capacity to do both. As a relatively young science, oceanography is not a core curriculum subject (possibly an advantage), but it draws on the traditional sciences of biology, chemistry, physic and geology, and can provide wonderful examples for teaching concepts in school sciences. It can also give good reasons for learning science, maths and technology. Exciting expeditions (research cruises) to far-flung places; opportunities to explore new worlds, a different angle on topical debates such as climate change, pollution, or conservation can bring a new life to old subjects. Access to 'real' data from satellites or Argo floats can be used to develop analytical and problem solving skills. The challenge is to make all this available in a form that can easily be used by teachers and students to enhance the learning experience. We learn by doing. Active teaching methods require students to develop their own concepts of what they are learning. This stimulates new neural connections in the brain - the physical manifestation of learning. There is a large body of evidence to show that active learning is much better remembered and understood. Active learning develops thinking skills through analysis, problem solving, and evaluation. It helps learners to use their knowledge in realistic and useful ways, and see its importance and relevance. Most importantly, properly used, active learning is fun. This paper presents experiences from a number of education outreach projects that have involved the National Oceanography Centre in Southampton, UK. All contain some element of active learning - from quizzes and puzzles to analysis of real data from satellites and Argo floats - all combined with background information about the Ocean. Many also aim to inspire and enthuse, by bringing in the human and personal, for example through blogs and Q/A sessions. This presentation takes a look at what has worked, and what may perhaps have been a little less successful.

Byfield, V.

2012-04-01

5

Centre of Excellence in Observational Oceanography: Nippon Foundation and POGO Supported Programme at the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on previous experience in capacity building for ocean observations, the Nippon Foundation (NF) and the Partnership for Observations of the Global Oceans (POGO) have announced a new Centre of Excellence (C of E) at the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS). The goals of the C of E are to expand the world-wide capacity and expertise to observe the

F. G. Plumley; S. Sathyendranath; R. Frouin; T. Knap

2008-01-01

6

Project Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Project Oceanography is a live television program designed for students. Each week during the school year, students can learn about a variety of ocean science topics. Some of the topics covered include: Antarctic oceanography, marine debris, tsunamis, plankton, hydrodynamic flow through seagrass beds, channel islands, kelp forests, cold seeps, pollution, and water quality. Programs are taught by real scientists and feature a call-in question and answer session at the end of each lesson. There are also Teacher Packets that give information on program topics, activities, pages for students\\' individual use, and vocabulary and reference lists to enhance student understanding.

2007-01-01

7

General Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed for students in a general oceanography college course, this web site provides links to on-line expeditions in oceanography. Topics include marine resources, visualizing beneath the sea, global circulation and the California current, and marine ecosystems. Additional resources include a guide to the Mountains to Monsoons CD, a field trip guide to the Monterey Bay Aquarium and supporting information for a voyage to the San Francisco Bay-Estuary-Delta area. Links to News of the Week and Broadcast of the week provide up-to-date information on marine-related issues.

Reed, Don

2006-12-29

8

Oceanography 101  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This data tip from Bridge, the Ocean Sciences Education Teacher Resource Center archive, provides links to several educational sites, and refers teachers to the Classroom BATS (Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study) site where they can use the OceanExplorer Excel workbook along with oceanography lesson plans in data activities to examine how changes in temperature and pressure affect the speed of sound in the ocean as well as other problems using real ocean data. BATS scientists sail every month to study the role of the ocean and its creatures in global environmental change.

2007-01-27

9

Oceanography 101  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This data tip from Bridge, the Ocean Sciences Education Teacher Resource Center archive, provides links to several educational sites, and refers teachers to the Classroom BATS (Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study) site where they can use the OceanExplorer Excel workbook along with oceanography lesson plans in data activities to examine how changes in temperature and pressure affect the speed of sound in the ocean as well as other problems using real ocean data. BATS scientists sail every month to study the role of the ocean and its creatures in global environmental change.

2000-06-01

10

NASA Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NASA Oceanography site contains remotely sensed satellite data and modeling techniques to enable the global mapping of seasonal changes in ocean surface topography, currents, waves, winds, phytoplankton content, sea-ice extent, rainfall, sunlight reaching the sea, and sea surface temperature. Studying these patterns at a global scale help forecast and mitigate the disastrous effects of floods and drought. Images generated by ocean observing satellite missions tell us volumes about the most fundamental climate changes. Many of the data resources provide data that tell us about: Ocean surface Topography or Wave Height, Sea Surface Temperature, Ocean Surface Winds, Ocean Currents, Ocean Color, and Sea Surface Salinity. The missions profiled include the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM); the Salinity Sea Ice Working Group; and sea surface winds, ocean color, and ocean surface topography/wave height missions.

11

Dietary patterns in the Southampton Women's Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:Dietary pattern analysis is receiving increasing attention as a means of summarizing the multidimensional nature of dietary data. This research aims to compare principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis using dietary data collected from young women in the UK.Design:Diet was assessed using a 100-item interviewer-administered food frequency questionnaire. PCA and cluster analysis were used to examine dietary patterns.Setting:Southampton, UK.Subjects:A

S R Crozier; S M Robinson; S E Borland; H M Inskip

2006-01-01

12

Careers in Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet was prepared by practicing oceanographers to help college students in their search for professional direction. The booklet: (1) points out some frontiers of current research; (2) describes five major subfields of oceanography (marine geology and geophysics, oceanographic engineering, physical oceanography, chemical oceanography, and…

Hollister, Charles D., Ed.

13

Careers in Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet was prepared by practicing oceanographers to help college students in their search for professional direction. The booklet: (1) points out some frontiers of current research; (2) describes five major subfields of oceanography (marine geology and geophysics, oceanographic engineering, physical oceanography, chemical oceanography, and…

Hollister, Charles D., Ed.

14

FISHERIES OCEANOGRAPHY IN EUROPE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Any review of the status and acconiplishmellts of fisheries oceanography would be incomplete without an account of fisheries oceanography in Europe, where the science began and is still vigorous after more than 50 years. Fisheries oceanography may be said to have begun with the establishment in 1902 of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, by representa- tives

MAURICE BLACKBURN

15

University of Southampton: Inorganic Materials Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Inorganic Materials Group at the University of Southampton created this Macromedia Flash Player-enhanced website to present its research in "synthetic and structural inorganic materials chemistry with the purpose of tailoring and controlling useful physical properties of solid state compounds." Visitors can find information about the group's research interests and successes in the areas of nitrides, zeolites, superconducting oxides, isotopes, and more. The website presents clear descriptions and figures of the group's equipment and facilities including the wet laboratory and the inert atmospheres created in the glove box rooms.

16

University of Southampton: Applied Mathematics Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

University of Southampton's Applied Mathematics Group conducts research in a variety of topics such as liquid crystals, phase field models of solidification, hyperasymptotics, fluid dynamics and the mathematical modelling of industrial problems. A link is also provided to the General Relativity group homepage, which collaborates with the Applied Mathematics group to investigate the application of general relativity to astrophysics. Brief descriptions of the research projects and some publications can be found on staff members' personal home pages and under the section on Research in Applied Mathematics. Visitors can also browse publications in the Publications section or search by author or keyword.

17

High School Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is a compilation of a series of papers designed to aid high school teachers in organizing a course in oceanography for high school students. It consists of twelve papers, with references, covering each of the following: (1) Introduction to Oceanography, (2) Geology of the Ocean, (3) The Continental Shelves, (4) Physical Properties of…

Falmouth Public Schools, MA.

18

Oceanography Information Sources 70.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet lists oceanography information sources in the first section under industries, laboratories and departments of oceanography, and other organizations which can provide free information and materials describing programs and activities. Publications listed in the second section include these educational materials: bibliographies, career…

Vetter, Richard C.

19

Oceanography Information Sources 70.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet lists oceanography information sources in the first section under industries, laboratories and departments of oceanography, and other organizations which can provide free information and materials describing programs and activities. Publications listed in the second section include these educational materials: bibliographies, career…

Vetter, Richard C.

20

High School Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a compilation of a series of papers designed to aid high school teachers in organizing a course in oceanography for high school students. It consists of twelve papers, with references, covering each of the following: (1) Introduction to Oceanography, (2) Geology of the Ocean, (3) The Continental Shelves, (4) Physical Properties of Sea…

Falmouth Public Schools, MA.

21

Doctoral Scientists in Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report was to classify and count doctoral scientists in the United States trained in oceanography and/or working in oceanography. Existing data from three sources (National Research Council's "Survey of Earned Doctorates," and "Survey of Doctorate Recipients," and the Ocean Sciences Board's "U.S. Directory of Marine…

National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, DC. Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences.

22

Dynamical Systems and Oceanography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The workshop on 'Dynamical Systems and Oceanography' was held in Little Compton, RI on May 20-21,1993. The participants were from both the dynamical systems and oceanography communities and were brought together with the goal of 'brainstorming' on the fut...

C. Jones S. Wiggins G. Haller

1994-01-01

23

Department of Oceanography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains project summaries of the research projects in the Department of Oceanography. A list of recent publications is also included, which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journa...

R. W. Garwood E. B. Thornton

2000-01-01

24

Institute of Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Get your feet wet at a summer camp that focuses on marine biology. For example, check the Acadia Institute of Oceanography in Seal Harbor, Maine. If you're really interested, try to qualify for a scholarship.

Acadian Institute Of Oceanograpy, Seal H.; Gilmore, Sherry C.

25

Chemical oceanography dissertations presented  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The seventh session of Dissertations in Chemical Oceanography (DISCO VII) was convened February 8-13, 1987, at the East-West Center at the Manoa Campus of the University of Hawaii under joint support from the National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, and National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration Sea Grant Program. These symposia are dedicated to individuals who have recently received Ph.D.s in chemical oceanography or who will do so in the near future. The participants present their thesis research to their peers, and at the end of the meeting the three sponsoring agencies describe their respective programs and respond to questions.

Anderson, Neil R.; Graham, William; Green, Edward

26

Physics in Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is physical oceanography as analyzed by seven dependent variables, (three components of velocity, the pressure, density, temperature and salinity) as a function of three space variables and time. Topics discussed include the heat balance of the earth, current patterns in the ocean, heat transport, the air-sea interaction, and prospects…

Charnock, H.

1980-01-01

27

Repositories for Research: Southampton's Evolving Role in the Knowledge Cycle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: To provide an overview of how open access (OA) repositories have grown to take a premier place in the e-research knowledge cycle and offer Southampton's route from project to sustainable institutional repository. Design/methodology/approach: The evolution of institutional repositories and OA is outlined raising questions of multiplicity…

Simpson, Pauline; Hey, Jessie

2006-01-01

28

Oceanography - Marine Geological Processes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A first year course in oceanography with extensive Internet resources. Topics covered include: principles of thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer, fluid mechanics, continuum mechanics, and time-series analysis applied to marine geological and geophysical data; applications to transport of marine sediments; Pleistocene sedimentation and global climate change; and the thermal balance of the oceanic lithosphere. The link to the lecture schedule provides detailed supporting materials.

Mcduff, Russell

29

New Research Chairs in oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Four new research chairs in oceanography created by the U.S. Navy have been awarded to Robert D. Ballard of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Walter Munk of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, James J. O'Brien of Florida State University, and Carl Wunsch of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

30

Computer Programs in Oceanography, (Provisional).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report consolidates the Computer Programs in Oceanography Preliminary List (NODC Progress Report P-12) of June 1963 and the Supplementary List issued September 1963. Revisions and corrections have been made, and a considerable amount of additional ma...

C. Dinger

1964-01-01

31

Physics as an Integrative Theme in Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching of physics as an integral part of an undergraduate oceanography course is described. A general outline of oceanography and the corresponding physics topics is given. The objectives, organization, and difficulties of such a course are discussed. (CW)

Myers, Richard L.

1990-01-01

32

Benveniste v. University of Southampton, 23 November 1988.  

PubMed

The appellant charged her employer, the University of Southampton, with sex discrimination in violation of the Equal Pay Act 1970 because she was paid less than men employed in the same position. She had been initially employed at a time when the University was subject to severe financial constraints, and, although she had subsequently been given extra annual pay increases, she was still not paid as much as the men. First the Court of Appeal of England ruled that the financial constraints constituted a "material difference" in circumstances and thus originally justified the difference in salaries under Section 1(3) of the Act. It also held, however, that once those constraints had ended, the justification also ended and the appellant was then entitled to be paid the same wages as men in comparable positions. PMID:12289311

1988-01-01

33

The teaching of medical ethics at Southampton University Medical School.  

PubMed Central

For centuries medical schools in Britain and elsewhere had a fairly static curriculum based on what might be called the 'three Rs' of medicine, and consequently had to make room for new subjects as the need arose in a fashion which was sometimes makeshift. However, Southampton University has only had a medical school for six years, and therefore their course on medical ethics and legal medicine was carefully integrated into the curriculum after some preliminary experiments carried out by a subcommittee which is continually reviewing the situation. Medical ethics has now a definite place in the fourth year, preceded by an introduction to ethical problems encountered in medicine in the first year. Not only do members of the medical faculty participate in this teaching but also members of the faculties of law and the arts.

Dennis, K J; Hall, M R

1977-01-01

34

Mentoring Women in Physical Oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MPOWIR Pattullo Conference; Charleston, South Carolina, 23-26 May 2010; Initiated in 2004, Mentoring Physical Oceanography Women to Increase Retention (MPOWIR) is a community-initiated and community-led program aimed at providing mentoring to junior women in physical oceanography to improve their retention in the field. The centerpiece of the MPOWIR program is the Pattullo Conference, a two-and-a-half-day mentoring event held biannually. The second conference was held in South Carolina. The conference is named for June Pattullo, the first woman to receive a Ph.D. in physical oceanography. The goals of the Pattullo Conference are to build community networks among junior and senior scientists, to provide junior scientists with feedback on their current and planned research projects, to provide advice to junior scientists on their career goals, to introduce both senior and junior scientists to aspects of professional development, and to raise awareness of issues confronting junior women among the senior scientist community.

Gerber, Lisa M.; Lozier, M. Susan

2010-08-01

35

A Source Book for Teaching Chemical Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chemical oceanography or marine chemistry are taught in many colleges and universities. This publication provides sources for instructors of such courses. The first section of this report is a detailed composite outline of a course in chemical oceanography. It includes fundamental topics taught in many chemical oceanography classes. The outline…

Loder, Theodore C.; Glibert, Patricia M.

36

A Source Book for Teaching Chemical Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Chemical oceanography or marine chemistry are taught in many colleges and universities. This publication provides sources for instructors of such courses. The first section of this report is a detailed composite outline of a course in chemical oceanography. It includes fundamental topics taught in many chemical oceanography classes. The outline…

Loder, Theodore C.; Glibert, Patricia M.

37

The Southampton Initiative for Health: a complex intervention to improve the diets and increase the physical activity levels of women and children from disadvantaged communities  

PubMed Central

The ‘Southampton Initiative for Health’ (SIH) is a training intervention with Sure Start Children’s Centre staff designed to improve the diets and physical activity levels of women of child-bearing age. Training aims to help staff to support women in making changes to their lifestyles by improving three skills: reflection on current practice; asking ‘open discovery’ questions; and goal setting. The impact of the training on staff practice is being assessed. A before and after non-randomised controlled trial is being used to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the intervention in improving women’s diets and increasing their physical activity levels.

Barker, Mary; Lawrence, Wendy; Baird, Janis; Jarman, Megan; Black, Christina; Barnard, Katharine; Cradock, Sue; Davies, Jenny; Margetts, Barrie; Inskip, Hazel; Cooper, Cyrus

2013-01-01

38

Oceanography: the present and future  

SciTech Connect

This volume is the proceedings of a symposium held September 29 to October 2, 1980 at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. The book is the companion volume to ''Oceanography: the Past'' also published by Springer-Verlag. The papers are organized not by conventional disciplinary topics but by the ''scale'' of the oceanographic process: Part I, Small and Local Scale Oceanography; Part II, Regional Scale Oceanography; Part III, Global Scale Oceanography; and Part IV, The Human Scale. The articles presented, however, do not summarize such projects but give recognizable disciplinary summaries and predictions in line with the subtitle of the book. In general, the articles are classed by this scale concept, although ''Shoreline Research'' by Pilkey and ''The Oceans Nearby'' by Murphy are better placed in the section The Human Scale and Bolin's ''Changing Global Biogeochemistry'' switched from The Human Scale to Global Scale as indicated by the title. This volume should be of value to marine geologists and geochemists, sedimentologists, and public-interest (environmental) geologists interested in oceanographic processes.

Brewer, P.G. (ed.)

1982-01-01

39

Virtual Voyages for Introductory Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These Virtual Voyages were created as one-hour homework assignments for a freshman-level oceanography course at San Francisco State University (SFSU). Each voyage is structured around real-world images and includes five multiple-choice questions and five short-answer questions. Topics include seafloor bathymetry west of San Francisco, Earthquakes, Hawaiian hot spot, ocean waves, tides in San Francisco Bay, interaction of fresh and salt water in San Francisco Bay, ocean currents, sediments, and habitats for life.

Grove, Karen

1998-12-10

40

LABORATORY EXERCISES IN OCEANOGRAPHY FOR HIGH SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

DESCRIBED ARE LABORATORY EXERCISES IN OCEANOGRAPHY DEVELOPED FOR USE IN HIGH SCHOOLS BY THE SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN THE 1967 NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION (NSF) SUMMER INSTITUTE IN OCEANOGRAPHY AT FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY. INCLUDED ARE SUCH ACTIVITIES AS (1) THE MEASUREMENT OF TEMPERATURE, WATER VAPOR, PRESSURE, SALINITY, DENSITY, AND OTHERS,…

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.

41

Oceanography for the 21st Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

Textbooks and most oceanography courses are organized around the 19th century concepts of biological, chemical, geological, and physical oceanography. This approach fails to involve students in the interesting problems of the 21st century: the role of the ocean in climate and weather, fisheries, and coastal problems, all of which involve a complex interplay of chemical, biological, and physical systems plus

R. H. Stewart

2005-01-01

42

From marine ecology to biological oceanography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Looking back from the 1990s it seems natural to view the work done in the Biologische Anstalt Helgoland by Friedrich Heincke and his colleagues, beginning in 1892, as marine ecology or marine biology, and that done in Kiel, under Victor Hensen and Karl Brandt, as biological oceanography. But historical analysis shows this view to be untenable. Biological oceanography, as a

Eric L. Mills

1995-01-01

43

Estuarine Oceanography. CEGS Programs Publication Number 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Estuarine Oceanography is one in a series of single-topic problem modules intended for use in undergraduate and earth science courses. Designed for those interested in coastal oceanography or limnology, the module is structured as a laboratory supplement for undergraduate college classes but should be useful at all levels. The module has two…

Wright, F. F.

44

Southampton: A Case Study on Why Academies Are Not the Answer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author recounts the arrival of two Oasis Community Learning Academies in Southampton through a process of failed political courage to continue supporting the Local Authority. He tells of the subsequent impact when children and parents react against the regime in one of the Academies. In conclusion he challenges the Labour Government over the…

Harris, Richard

2009-01-01

45

Cryogenic dielectrics and hts power apparatus: research at the university of southampton  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presented two areas of research poignant to the progression of HTS power apparatus design: electromagnetic design and dielectric phenomena. To be accepted into service, HTS power apparatus must be economically competitive and technically viable, which includes the need for reliability. To maximize the potential savings of HTS power equipment, the view taken at Southampton has been to design

David J. Swaffield; Paul L. Lewin; George Chen; Jan Sykulski

2006-01-01

46

Acoustical Oceanography Of Bubbles: URI Component.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The long term goal is to develop a comprehensive account of the acoustical oceanography of bubbles in the ocean, including their formation, evolution and decay, their response to different oceanographic conditions, their contribution to passive sound in t...

D. M. Farmer

2008-01-01

47

Acoustical Oceanography of Bubbles: URI Component.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To develop a comprehensive account of the acoustical oceanography of bubbles in the ocean, including their formation, evolution and decay, their response to different oceanographic conditions, their contribution to passive sound in the sea, and their infl...

D. M. Farmer

2007-01-01

48

Summary of Research 2000, Department of Oceanography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains project summaries of the research projects in the Department of Oceanography. A list of recent publications is also included, which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journa...

R. W. Garwood E. B. Thornton

2001-01-01

49

Summary of Research 1998, Department of Oceanography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains summaries of research projects in the Department of Oceanography. A list of recent publications is also included which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journal papers, tec...

R. W. Garwood E. B. Thornton

1999-01-01

50

The Oceans and the Teaching of Oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sverdrup, Johnson and Fleming, the authors of \\textit{The Oceans}, were both ahead of their time, and behind their time. \\textit{The Oceans} built on earlier texts, such as Kummel's \\textit{Handbuch der Ozeanographie} (1907), that summarized our knowledge of the oceans. It differed principally in its depth and breadth, showing the need for specialized courses of study in biological, chemical, geological, and physical oceanography. Thus, the curriculum at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography was built on this foundation. As a result, no other comparable field of earth science was as well integrated as oceanography. For example, agriculture, which depends in some fundamental ways on weather, climate, and climate change did not include meteorology within its bounds, although it was nearly as broad as oceanography, including the study of soils, chemistry, and biology. The strengths of The Oceans were also its weakness. By emphasizing the strengths of the separate sub-disciplines of biological, chemical, geological, and physical oceanography the book drew oceanography away from problem-based studies such as those carried out by Bigelow in the Gulf of Maine. Case studies were not part of the basic curriculum. Thus, in 1964, 15 years after the start of the California Cooperative Fisheries Investigation, the most wide-ranging oceanographic study ever attempted, Scripps did not offer a course on the California fisheries. In contrast, other messy sciences, such as medicine, were often based on case studies. Now, at the start of the 21st century, the circle is nearly complete. Sub-disciplines such as physical oceanography are so broad they cannot be spanned in a single course. And students don't want to learn about important problems until late in their graduate career. To meet their interests, we have begun to offer courses in such topics as global warming or fisheries, bringing in ideas from biological, chemical, and physical oceanography only as needed.

Stewart, R. H.

2002-12-01

51

Post Doctoral Fellowship in Theoretical Physical Oceanography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Applications are now being accepted by the School of Oceanography, Oregon State University, for a post doctoral fellowship in theoretical physical oceanography. Tenure will be one year with the possibility of a one-year renewal. The stipend, depending upon experience and other qualifications, will be between $12,500 and $15,000. The appointment may begin as early as July 1, 1973, but no

Anonymous

1973-01-01

52

Oceanography of the Chilean Patagonia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chilean Patagonia is one of the most extended fjord regions in the world that covers nearly 240,000 km 2 with an extremely complex coastline and topography in one of the least densely populated areas of the country (1-8 inhabitants every 10 km 2). In recent years, the area has been undergoing somewhat intense pressure since several commercial projects in hydroelectricity, tourism, and commercial salmon and mytilid cultures have been developed, or are in progress. Concomitantly, several large research programs have been devised to study the physical, chemical, and biological environment of Patagonia, such as the CIMAR FIORDO, and recently COPAS Sur-Austral based at Universidad de Concepcion, that attempts to close the bridge between oceanographic knowledge and its use by society. In this introductory article we summarize the collection of papers comprising this Special Issue of Continental Shelf Research. These papers deal with aspects of regional oceanography and geology, inorganic and organic geochemistry, ecology of pelagic and benthic organisms, and past changes in productivity.

Pantoja, Silvio; Luis Iriarte, José; Daneri, Giovanni

2011-03-01

53

In Pursuit of Oceanography and a Better Life for All.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the nature of and activities in marine geology/geophysics, oceanographic engineering, physical oceanography, chemical oceanography, and biological oceanography. This information, which includes comments on major employment positions (academic, government, industry, consulting), is provided to help students select possible careers in…

Hollister, Charles D.

1983-01-01

54

Oceanography. Boy Scouts of America Merit Badge Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are various activities and projects intended to help Boy Scouts earn a merit badge in oceanography. Each project and/or activity is related to a requirement (objective) found in a list at the beginning of the booklet. Topic areas and/or related activities and projects include: (1) nature of oceanography (naming oceanography branches,…

Boy Scouts of America, Irving, TX.

55

In Pursuit of Oceanography and a Better Life for All.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the nature of and activities in marine geology/geophysics, oceanographic engineering, physical oceanography, chemical oceanography, and biological oceanography. This information, which includes comments on major employment positions (academic, government, industry, consulting), is provided to help students select possible careers in…

Hollister, Charles D.

1983-01-01

56

Oceanography. Boy Scouts of America Merit Badge Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented are various activities and projects intended to help Boy Scouts earn a merit badge in oceanography. Each project and/or activity is related to a requirement (objective) found in a list at the beginning of the booklet. Topic areas and/or related activities and projects include: (1) nature of oceanography (naming oceanography branches,…

Boy Scouts of America, Irving, TX.

57

Oceanography for Landlocked Classrooms. Monograph V.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph attempts to show the importance of bringing marine biology into science classrooms, discusses what makes the ocean so important and explains why oceanography should be included in the science curriculum regardless of where students live. Section I, "Getting Started," includes discussions on the following: (1) "Why Marine Biology?";…

Madrazo, Gerry M., Jr., Ed.; Hounshell, Paul B., Ed.

58

Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary: Chemical Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chemical Oceanography is part of the site characterization describing the physical setting of the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary (MBNMS). This site describes chemical sources, chemical sinks, and water column characteristics and processes in MBNMS, including nutrients, trace metals, and organics. There is also a page of selected resources for additional information.

59

Does perceived financial strain predict depression among young women? Longitudinal findings from the Southampton Women's Survey  

PubMed Central

Background Social and financial environment has an influence on the incidence of depression. We studied perceived financial strain as a risk factor for development of depression among a large cohort of young women in Southampton, UK. Methods We recruited a large number of young women in Southampton in the Southampton Women's Survey, a longitudinal study looking at factors influencing the health of women and their offspring. Women were asked to complete a baseline questionnaire, which included the GHQ-12 (an assessment of mental health), as well as questions on perceived financial strain and past history of depression. They were followed up two years later through their general practitioner (GP) records for evidence of incident mental illness. Results A total of 7020 women completed the baseline questionnaire including the GHQ-12. Of these, 5237 (74.6%) had records available for follow-up. Among those developing depression, there was a higher proportion receiving benefits, and a higher level of perceived financial strain. There were also modest elevations in perceived stress, and poorer levels of educational attainment. Among women not depressed at baseline, and with no previous history of depression, those in receipt of state benefits at baseline had a significantly elevated risk of developing the disorder – hazard ratio 1.61 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.13–2.3). The risk associated with perceived financial strain was 2.16 (95% CI 1.14–4.11), but this did not remain statistically significant after adjustment was made for receipt of benefits, educational qualification, and perceived stress. Conclusion Financial hardship as evidenced by receipt of benefits is a strong independent predictor for the development of depression. Although perception of financial strain is also a predictor for incident depression, the risk associated with this subjective characteristic does not remain significantly elevated after adjustment. Future studies of the aetiology of depression should incorporate ascertainment of actual financial status.

2008-01-01

60

Does perceived financial strain predict depression among young women? Longitudinal findings from the Southampton Women's Survey.  

PubMed

Background Social and financial environment has an influence on the incidence of depression. We studied perceived financial strain as a risk factor for development of depression among a large cohort of young women in Southampton, UK.Methods We recruited a large number of young women in Southampton in the Southampton Women's Survey, a longitudinal study looking at factors influencing the health of women and their offspring. Women were asked to complete a baseline questionnaire, which included the GHQ-12 (an assessment of mental health), as well as questions on perceived financial strain and past history of depression. They were followed up two years later through their general practitioner (GP) records for evidence of incident mental illness.Results A total of 7020 women completed the baseline questionnaire including the GHQ-12. Of these, 5237 (74.6%) had records available for follow-up. Among those developing depression, there was a higher proportion receiving benefits, and a higher level of perceived financial strain. There were also modest elevations in perceived stress, and poorer levels of educational attainment. Among women not depressed at baseline, and with no previous history of depression, those in receipt of state benefits at baseline had a significantly elevated risk of developing the disorder - hazard ratio 1.61 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.13-2.3). The risk associated with perceived financial strain was 2.16 (95% CI 1.14-4.11), but this did not remain statistically significant after adjustment was made for receipt of benefits, educational qualification, and perceived stress.Conclusion Financial hardship as evidenced by receipt of benefits is a strong independent predictor for the development of depression. Although perception of financial strain is also a predictor for incident depression, the risk associated with this subjective characteristic does not remain significantly elevated after adjustment. Future studies of the aetiology of depression should incorporate ascertainment of actual financial status. PMID:22477842

Dunn, Nick; Inskip, Hazel; Kendrick, Tony; Oestmann, Anne; Barnett, Jane; Godfrey, Keith; Cooper, Cyrus

2008-03-01

61

The University of Southampton: Geology of the Wessex Coast, Southern England  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ian West, a retired professor at the University of Southampton, developed this expansive database of geological field guides to the Wessex Coast of southern England. The website divides the information on the fossils, offshore geology, formations, and much more into smaller units within the Coast. The field guides can be viewed by stratigraphical units and localities. Students and educators can learn about the Jurassic, Cretaceous, and Palaeogene strata of the area through countless photographs. Many of the field guides include information on the historical, topographic, and natural history of the area.

West, Ian.

62

Women and children first? The administration of Titanic relief in Southampton, 1912–59.  

PubMed

One of the principal narratives woven around the 1912 sinking of the Titanic is that the tragedy united people around the world in a shared sense of horror and grief. This study examines the administration of the relief fund collected for victims and questions the established image of social unity and collective suffering. The records of the Southampton Titanic Relief Fund reveal welfare processes imbued with class and gender prejudices that consigned many of the relatives of victims to poverty-stricken lives, despite the massive fund collected in their names. PMID:22400155

Gregson, Sarah

2012-01-01

63

Lifestyle factors, hormonal contraceptives and premenstrual symptoms: The UK Southampton Women's Survey  

PubMed Central

Objective To estimate the prevalence of premenstrual symptoms in women from the general population in Southampton, UK, and examine their association with lifestyle factors and contraceptive usage. Design Cross-sectional survey. Setting The City of Southampton, UK. Population 974 women aged 20-34 years (53% of the 1,841 women invited to participate). Methods Interviews, questionnaires and completion of a prospective six-week menstrual symptom diary recording on a daily basis the presence and severity of eleven common premenstrual symptoms. Main outcome measures Premenstrual symptoms were identified from the diaries by two clinicians who reviewed them independently using a pre-defined algorithm to assess the onset and decline of symptoms in relation to the start of menstruation. Results 24% of the women were considered to have premenstrual symptoms (95% confidence interval [CI] 21% to 27%). Women were less likely to have symptoms if they had higher levels of educational attainment and suffered less from stress. No associations were found between premenstrual symptoms and diet, alcohol or strenuous exercise, nor after adjustment for other factors, with age, smoking or body mass index. Use of any form of hormonal contraceptives was associated with a lower prevalence of premenstrual symptoms (prevalence ratio 0.66 (95%CI:0.52 to 0.84)). Conclusions Premenstrual symptoms were common in this cohort. Use of hormonal contraceptive methods was associated with a lower prevalence of these symptoms.

Sadler, Carrie; Smith, Helen; Hammond, Julia; Bayly, Rosie; Borland, Sharon; Panay, Nick; Crook, David; Inskip, Hazel

2011-01-01

64

Maternal predictors of neonatal bone size and geometry: the Southampton Women's Survey  

PubMed Central

Early growth is associated with later risk of osteoporosis and fractures. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationships between maternal lifestyle and body composition and neonatal bone size, geometry and density in the offspring. Participants were recruited from the Southampton Women’s Survey, a unique prospective cohort of 12,500 initially non-pregnant women aged 20–34 years, resident in Southampton, UK. These women were studied in detail before and during pregnancy, and the offspring underwent anthropometric and bone mineral assessment (using dual energy-X-ray absorptiometry) at birth. A total of 841 mother–baby pairs were studied (443 boys and 398 girls). The independent predictors of greater neonatal whole body bone area (BA) and bone mineral content included greater maternal birthweight, height, parity, triceps skinfold thickness and lower walking speed in late pregnancy. Maternal smoking was independently associated with lower neonatal bone mass. Neonatal BA adjusted for birth length (a measure of bone width) was predicted positively by maternal parity and late pregnancy triceps skinfold thickness and negatively by late pregnancy walking speed. These findings were similar in both genders. We have confirmed, in a large cohort, previous findings that maternal lifestyle and body build predict neonatal bone mineral; additionally, maternal parity and fat stores and walking speed in late pregnancy were associated with neonatal bone geometry. These findings may suggest novel public health strategies to reduce the burden of osteoporotic fracture in future generations.

Harvey, N. C.; Javaid, M. K.; Arden, N. K.; Poole, J. R.; Crozier, S. R.; Robinson, S. M.; Inskip, H. M.; Godfrey, K. M.; Dennison, E. M.; Cooper, C.

2011-01-01

65

Office of Naval Research: Careers in Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Office of Naval Research website introduces oceanography, providing descriptions of marine science fields it encompasses: biology, chemistry, geology, physics, engineering, policy, fisheries, atmospheric science, biotechnology, acoustics. Profiles of individual scientists offer personal insights. Includes recommendations on preparation and opportunities to seek out during high school and college. Includes examples of employment opportunities and representative salaries, links to scientific and professional organizations, and other marine career websites. Download a booklet with special sections for women, minorities, and people with disabilities.

2011-06-15

66

Local Winds: Oceanography from the Space Shuttle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The major wind systems of the earth determine much of the large scale oceanography with which we are familiar. The local winds modify the ocean and the overlying atmosphere on a minute-to-minute and day-to-day basis. This site consists of imagery of different types of local winds taken by the Space Shuttle. It also features text descriptions of local winds such as katabatic winds in Europe, the harmattan in Africa, and the most common type, diurnal sea breezes.

67

Oceanography Careers-Women in Marine Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Introduces the careers of several women in oceanography. Each woman has followed a different path and offers unique insights about her profession. Learn how each goes about her daily work and contributes to understanding the ocean. Careers range from research scientists and professors to technical and support crew. Disciplines covered: marine chemistry, sealife, microbiology, geology and geophysics, research ship operations, scientific illustration. Profiles feature video, work week description, resume and more. An Exploratorium Cool Site Award Winner.

68

Genomics, metagenomics, and microbial oceanography—A sea of opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microbial oceanography is an emerging discipline resulted from the interaction, cross-fertilization and integration of life\\u000a science and ocean science. Microbial oceanography integrates the principles of marine microbiology, microbial ecology and\\u000a oceanography to study the role of microorganisms in the biogeochemical dynamics of natural marine ecosystems. The application\\u000a of genomics tools to study marine microbes is resulting in rapid advancements in

JiaSong Fang; Li Zhang

2011-01-01

69

Technical advances in the Naval Meteorology and Oceanography program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The challenge of the Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command is to assess and predict the world's most diverse operating environment and translate its impact on military defense areas - aviation, maritime operations, expeditionary\\/special operations and undersea\\/surface\\/mine operations. The command seeks continual improvement in its core competencies to provide meteorology and oceanography geospatial information -in order to provide safety of navigation

2004-01-01

70

Oceanography in the Next Decade: Building New Partnerships.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The field of oceanography has existed as a major scientific discipline in the United States since World War 2, largely funded by the federal government. In this report, the Ocean Studies Board documents the state of the field of oceanography and assesses ...

1992-01-01

71

Assessment of Differences in University Oceanography Students' Scientific Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to assess the differences in university oceanography students' scientific writing. Specifically, the authors examine the argumentation structures of a high scoring paper and a low scoring paper. This study was conducted in an introductory level oceanography course in a large public university. In this course students…

Takao, Allison Y.; Kelly, Gregory J.

72

What Oceanography Concepts are Taught in Ohio's Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey listing 21 major oceanographic concepts and several sub-concepts was mailed to all Ohio earth science teachers. Respondents indicated that most of the oceanography topics taught were geologically-oriented. Oceanography concepts relating to ecology, chemical, physical or life science are considered less important. (DH)

Skinner, Ray, Jr.; Martin, Ralph E., Jr.

1985-01-01

73

Scripps Institution of Oceanography: Climate Research Division  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Climate Research Division (CRD) explains its role in Scripps Institution of Oceanography's goals by researching short and long term climate change and humans' influence on the climate. This site offers links to the homepages of the Division research projects including the Ocean State Estimation and the Experimental Climate Prediction Center (ECPC). Users can view images of the el Ni'o forecast as well as details about past el Ni'os. Researchers can find information on CRD publications, upcoming climate-related meetings, and information about data.

74

Scripp's Institute of Oceanography Visualization Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from Scripps Institution of Oceanography presents 25 visual objects available for download. The visualizations are arranged in a table that can be sorted by title, authors or date added by clicking the column name. The site is also searchable with keywords. To view details about or download each visual object click each respective title. Topics are varied and include "Magma chamber geometry of Sierra Negra volcano"," Galapagos Islands", "Noteworthy California Earthquakes", "Marianas Trench Explorer", "Mars Virtual Explorer", "Hawaiian Bathymetry", and many others.

Oceanography, Scripps I.

75

The sixth conference on satellite meteorology and oceanography  

SciTech Connect

The Sixth Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography was held in conjunction with the AMS Annual Meeting in Atlanta, Georgia, the week of 6 January 1992. Over 150 scientific papers were presented orally or in poster sessions. Joint sessions were held with the Symposium on Weather Forecasting and the Eighth International Conference on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology. The quality of the papers in the preprint volume, as well as in the presentations at both oral and poster sessions, reflects the robustness of national and international operational and research interests in satellite meteorology and oceanography. A preprint volume for this conference is available through the AMS.

Hauth, F.F.; Purdom, J.F.W.

1993-01-01

76

Oceanography: A Bibliography of Selected Activation Analysis Literature.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The literature of oceanography in activation analysis is reindexed in detail with respect to Element Determined, Matrix Analyzed and Technique Used for precise literature searching. An author index is included. Candidates for inclusion in this bibliograph...

G. J. Lutz

1970-01-01

77

Current Research Activities of the Department of Oceanography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Comprehensive teaching and research programs are conducted at the Department of Oceanography, University of Washington, by a diverse group of faculty, staff, students and support personnel. The research program is presently comprised of more than 150 proj...

1979-01-01

78

Oceanography, the new Frontier for the Twenty-First Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the discipline of oceanography and some of its specific areas of concern. Describes the major resources of the oceans and reflects on how these may be utilized and shared by nations in the future. (JR)

Marshall, Nelson

1973-01-01

79

From Chaos To MAOS: Launching an Oceanography High School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the background of a specialty high school in Monterey Bay, California focusing on oceanography. Describes the collaborative research relationship that exists between the school and the scientific community. (DDR)

Martin, Marlene

1997-01-01

80

Current Research Activities of the Department of Oceanography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The University of Washington's Department of Oceanography has established comprehensive teaching and research programs, which are conducted by a diverse group of faculty, staff, students, and support personnel. More than 120 projects comprise our research...

1981-01-01

81

Answering Questions from Oceanography Texts: Learner, Task and Text Characteristics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Seven college students enrolled in a college-level introductory oceanography course read and answered questions on two selections drawn from their textbook in the course. Using verbal protocol procedures, three nonnative English speakers and four native E...

S. R. Goldman R. P. Duran

1987-01-01

82

University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Narragansett, Rhode Island, the Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) of URI offers instruction leading to the M.S. and the Ph.D. degrees in biological, chemical, physical, and geological oceanography as well as in interdisciplinary and related areas such as atmospheric chemistry. Site includes information on graduate programs, undergraduate opportunities, faculty, facilities, news, and publications. Outreach initiatives are numerous and are targeted at a wide audience.

83

Developing Operational Oceanography for Marine Assessments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oceanography for assessments necessarily depends on the purposes of the assessments and on the ocean characteristics or variables required for the various purposes. Objectives and variables all have their own inherent time- and space-scales. For variables, these may be determined by sources, transport and/or dynamics, and evolution. Socio-economic interests determine the scales inherent in objectives; these scales are liable to range from a coastal locality to global, and from hours or days to decades. Measurements are limited by available technology and funding, and cannot be expected to resolve the smaller inherent scales as well as giving the coverage sought. Hence an emphasis is placed on (i) making the most of opportunities for concurrent measurements of variables with compatible intrinsic scales, (ii) data management to exploit measurements fully, (iii) development, testing and use of models with data assimilation, to interpolate measurements, to optimise measurements' effectiveness (measurement array design) and perhaps to infer earlier conditions when measurements were scarcer, (iv) models as a means of synthesising varied information to provide assessment "products", (v) feedback from users of these products to raise the quality of (i-iv). Whilst objectives determine the variables of interest, the inherent scales of variables are emphasised as the appropriate control on the density of measurements. This may foster efficiency in operational measurements and their application through models, after further research.

Huthnance, John M.

2013-04-01

84

Coastal Operational Oceanography: understanding user needs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within the framework of the 7th Framework European project FIELD_AC, SIMO and the LIM/UPC have undertaken a study about the operational oceanography requirements of a selected group of specific end-users in four different European coastal regions, namely Hamburg, Liverpool, Barcelona and Venice. The activities of all the target organisations are related to coastal issues, varying from aquaculture to marinas and port management, Water Framework Directive implementation, renewable energies and flooding alerts. Information has been compiled using a specific questionnaire that has been distributed to all potential users, in addition to workshops held in the four mentioned regions. A total number of 25 questionnaires have been collected in all the locations from a variety of users. Results have been analysed depending on the location but also considering the type of organisation. Information about the spatial and temporal resolution requirements, variables needed, locations to be considered, frequency of data delivery and formats requirements have been gathered. This input from the end-users is being used both in the FIELD_AC modelling set up and also in the development of an application to visualise the results. Regarding the latter, all the modelling results and observational data will be handled using a THREDDS catalogue linked to a web-based GIS application.

Fernandez, J.; Lopez, J.; Jerez, F.; Hermosilla, F.; Espino, M.

2012-04-01

85

A review of the physical oceanography of the seas around New Zealand — 1982  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reviews the physical oceanography of the seas around New Zealand as known up to 1982 and includes: deep?ocean water characteristics and mean flow; fronts, tides, and coastal and continental shelf oceanography; and waves and tsunamis.

R. A. Heath

1985-01-01

86

A Bibliography of References Produced by the Oceanography Branch, January 1967-March 1970.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the past four years, which marks the organization and growth of oceanography at the Navy Underwater Sound Laboratory, a considerable amount of reporting has accumulated for investigations conducted by the Oceanography Branch (Code 2213) of the Ocea...

L. Skrigan C. L. Brown

1970-01-01

87

South Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Switzerland, South Centre is a multi-national organization which promotes the global organization of its 46 member nations in order to become "effective in mobilizing its considerable combined expertise and experience or its bargaining power." The site contains a large number of current working papers, South Centre's quarterly newsletter South Letter, and relevant links.

88

High Angle of Attack Position Sensing for the Southampton University Magnetic Suspension and Balance System. Progress Report, January 1986-March 1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An all digital five channel position detection system is to be installed in the Southampton University Magnetic Suspension and Balance System (SUMSBS). The system is intended to monitor a much larger range of model pitch attitudes than has been possible h...

D. H. Parker

1987-01-01

89

Industrial change in southern England: a case study of the electronics and electrical engineering industry in the Southampton city-region  

Microsoft Academic Search

The electrical engineering and electronics industry is the largest manufacturing industry in the Southampton 'city-region', providing over 25% of all manufacturing jobs. This analysis, which is based on detailed case studies of nineteen companies which employed over 11 000 workers in 1987, reveals that recent changes in the industry in the city-region can best be understood by reference to the

C Mason; S Pinch; S Witt

1991-01-01

90

A Resource Guide for Oceanography and Coastal Processes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide was developed for elementary, middle, and high school teachers to teach about oceanography and coastal processes. This guide contains information on the program's history and names and contact information for all Operation Pathfinder participants since 1993. The body is divided into 6 topics. Topic 1 is on Physical Parameters,…

Walker, Sharon H., Ed.; Damon-Randall, Kimberly, Ed.; Walters, Howard D., Ed.

91

Ocean Talk (From the Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ocean Talk provides a glimpse of oceanography and an awareness of the importance of the sea to our environment and our own well-being. There are scientific explanations of ocean bottom features, the properties of seawater, underwater sound, sea ice, ocean...

2005-01-01

92

Connecting Middle School, Oceanography, and the Real World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduces an activity that features 16 oceanography work stations and integrates other disciplines. Assigns students different oceanic life forms and requires students to work in stations. Explains seven of 16 stations which cover oil spills, the periodic table, ocean floor, currents, and classification of oceanic organisms. (YDS)|

Brown, Susan W.; Hansen, Terri M.

2000-01-01

93

A review of the physical oceanography of the Mediterranean outflow  

Microsoft Academic Search

The physical oceanography of the Mediterranean Sea is reviewed with particular emphasis on the Mediterranean outflow in the Gulf of Cadiz. In this region the dense Mediterranean water forms a high velocity bottom current that interacts strongly with the sea floor. The major energy source for the plume comes from the release of potential energy as the plume descends the

Molly O'Neil Baringer; James F. Price

1999-01-01

94

The Ocean Voyager II: an AUV designed for coastal oceanography  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ocean Voyager II is a small long-range AUV designed for coastal oceanography. A system overview and design constraints are given with reference to the specific mission of bottom classification through light reflectance and absorption measurement. This mission requires the AUV to fly above the sea floor at a constant altitude while measuring the albedo of the bottom and the

Samuel M. Smith; Stanley E. Dunn

1994-01-01

95

A Resource Guide for Oceanography and Coastal Processes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This resource guide was developed for elementary, middle, and high school teachers to teach about oceanography and coastal processes. This guide contains information on the program's history and names and contact information for all Operation Pathfinder participants since 1993. The body is divided into 6 topics. Topic 1 is on Physical Parameters,…

Walker, Sharon H., Ed.; Damon-Randall, Kimberly, Ed.; Walters, Howard D., Ed.

96

FluSO - The Fluid Flow Seabed Observatory; a first demonstration mission in a seismically active region in Greece  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquakes are the most common trigger for submarine landslides. Ground movement due to earthquakes can change the pore pressure of marine sediments either instantaneously or through seismic loading, and may therefore destabilise submarine slopes. In order to test the hypothesis that earthquakes induce fluid migration in the shallow subsurface the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (NOCS) and IFM-Geomar designed the FluSO

V. Huehnerbach; C. Berndt; D. Masson; V. Lykousis; G. Papatheodorou; V. Papadopoulos

2010-01-01

97

An Earth Summit in a Large General Education Oceanography Class  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An Earth Summit approach in UCSB's undergraduate physical oceanography course has raised student interest level while it also supports the course goals of increased learner awareness of the process of science, and critical analysis of scientific claims. At the beginning of the quarter, each group of students chooses a country to represent in the Earth Summit. During the course of the quarter, these groups relate each of the class themes to their chosen country. Themes include 1) ocean basins and plate tectonics, 2) atmospheres, oceans and climate, and 3) fisheries. Students acquire and utilize Earth data to support their positions. Earth data sources include the "Our Dynamic Planet" CDROM (http://oceanography.geol.ucsb.edu/ODP_Advert/odp_onepage.htm), NOAA's ocean and climate database (http://ferret.wrc.noaa.gov/las/), WorldWatcher CD (http://www.worldwatcher.northwestern.edu/) and JPL's Seawinds web site (http://haifung.jpl.nasa.gov/index.html). During the atmospheres, oceans and climate theme, students choose from 12 mini-studies that use various kinds of on-line Earth data related to important global or regional phenomena relevant to the course. The Earth datasets that the students access for their analysis include: winds; atmospheric pressure; ocean chemistry; sea surface temperature; solar radiation; precipitation, etc. The first group of 6 mini-studies focus on atmosphere and ocean, and are: 1) global winds and surface currents, 2) atmosphere and ocean interactions, 3) stratospheric ozone depletion, 4) El Nino, 5) Indian monsoon, and 6) deep ocean circulation. The second group focus on the Earth's heat budget and climate and are: 1) influence of man's activities on the climate, 2) the greenhouse effect, 3) seasonal variation and the Earth's heat budget, 4) global warming, 5) paleoclimate, and 6) volcanoes and climate. The students use what they have learned in these mini-studies to address atmospheric and climatic issues pertinent to their specific Earth Summit countries. For example, students representing the country of Chile might model their investigations after a)winds and surface currents, b)atmosphere and ocean interactions, c) stratospheric ozone depletion, d)El Nino; and/or e)volcanoes and climate. Please join the "Oceanography" interest group of DLESE to discuss, develop, and access oceanography related mini-studies that use earth data (http://oceanography.geol.ucsb.edu/dlese/wg_oceanog/Index.html). >http://oceanography.geol.ucsb.edu/AWP/Class_Info/GS-4/Labs/Labs Index.html

Dodson, H.; Prothero, W. A.

2001-12-01

98

Reply [to “Comment on ‘Operational oceanography: Shall we dance?’”  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Richard Spinrad has provided an informative and constructive amplification and clarification of my remarks concerning the U.S. Navy's pioneering role in operational oceanography Consequently, he has made a very articulate and forceful contribution to the needed debate on the full range of requirements for, and approaches to, operational oceanography, including those of the civil sector. However, he has apparently overlooked the first line of my paragraph that refers to “about 4000 individuals,” for at the end of his second paragraph he refers to “approximately 2800 individuals.” I think we are talking about the same thing and that he should review whether his wording may cause confusion by suggesting that we disagree on this point, though our numbers are somewhat different.

Mooers, Christopher N. K.

99

Oceanography and reefs of recent and Paleozoic tropical epeiric seas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The Java Sea, one of the few modern tropical epeiric seas, is used as an analogue to examine oceanography, stratigraphy, and\\u000a reefs of Devonian strata in the Appalachian and Michigan Basins. Nearshore patch reefs and offshore “pinnacle” reefs occur\\u000a in both the Java Sea and the Emsian-Eifelian Onondaga Formation in the Appalachian Basin. Nearshore patch reefs also occur\\u000a in the

Evan N. Edinger; St. Paul Copper; Michael J. Risk; Warsito Atmojo

2002-01-01

100

Letter exchange documents 50 years of progress in oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During World War II the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) became involved in the oceanographic training of officers. This, combined with a rekindling of interest in the Pacific Ocean during and after the war, catapulted SIO in the late 1940s to a position of prominence in oceanographic education. The leader of the institution, both administratively and academically, was Harald Sverdrup (Figure 1). When he became director in 1936, only five graduate students were enrolled.

Leipper, Dale F.; Lewis, John M.

101

Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center support for GODAE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Navy's Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (FNMOC; see http:\\/\\/www.fnmoc.navy.mil\\/), located in Monterey, CA, is the lead activity within the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) for numerical weather prediction and coupled air-sea modeling. FNMOC fulfills this role through means of a suite of sophisticated global and regional meteorological and oceanographic (METOC) models, extending from the top of the

D. Dimitriou; P. Sharfstein; M. Ignaszewski; M. Clancy

2003-01-01

102

Oceanography of a tidally choked fjord: Lake Melville, Labrador  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lake Melville is large and complex sub-Arctic fjord that is a major outlet for freshwater on the Labrador coast. Although it has been the subject of exploration for centuries, we still know relatively little about its oceanography. We are studying the influence of changes in the fresh water discharge on the dynamics and ecosystem of Lake Melville in Labrador and how they interact with long-term climatic variability. Enormous hydroelectric developments have changed the freshwater runoff dynamics with unknown implications for the local and regional oceanography. The fjord is tidally choked, leading to intense flows at the entrance of 3-4 m/s. We will review the role of mixing and seasonal cycles in determining water properties in the lake and how changing climatic and freshwater conditions influence the oceanography and sea-ice dynamics. We will present historical data for the Lake together with results from our recent oceanographic work. We will compare our current measurements with results of a high resolution, variable element, coupled ocean-ice model for the Lake. The long-term exchange between the Labrador Sea and Lake Melville will be studied with this high-resolution ocean model. The implications of interannual ocean and atmospheric variability on the Lake ocean ecosystem will be discussed.

deYoung, Brad; Lu, Zhaoshi; Demirov, Entcho

2013-04-01

103

Does maternal long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid status in pregnancy influence the bone health of children? The Southampton Women's Survey  

PubMed Central

Purpose Maternal diet in pregnancy has been linked to childhood bone mass, but the mechanisms and nutrients involved are uncertain. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) have been shown to affect bone metabolism, but the relationship between maternal fatty acid status and bone mass in the offspring remains unknown. Methods We evaluated the association between maternal LCPUFA status in late pregnancy (34 weeks gestation) and bone density in their children at age four years, within 727 mother-child pairs taking part in the Southampton Women’s Survey. Results Concentrations of the n-3 LCPUFA component of maternal plasma phosphatidylcholine were positively associated with a number of bone mineral measures at the age of 4 years; these associations persisted after adjustment for maternal body build, walking speed and infant feeding. Relationships were most evident for eicosapentaenoic acid (r=0.09, p=0.02 for whole body areal bone mineral density [aBMD] and r=0.1, p=0.008 for lumbar spine aBMD) and for docosapentaenoic acid (r=0.09, p=0.02 for whole body aBMD and r=0.12, p=0.002 for lumbar spine aBMD). Conclusions These findings suggest that variation in early exposure to n-3 and n-6 LCPUFA may have potential consequences for bone development and that the effects appear to persist into early childhood.

Harvey, Nicholas; Dhanwal, Dinesh; Robinson, Sian; Kim, Miranda; Inskip, Hazel; Godfrey, Keith; Dennison, Elaine; Calder, Philip; Cooper, Cyrus

2013-01-01

104

Polar Seas Oceanography: An Integrated Case Study of the Kara Sea  

Microsoft Academic Search

What strikes first when browsing through this book is that the main title is misleading. Polar Seas Oceanography is, first of all, a book on ``an integrated case study of the Kara Sea,'' as the subtitle says. For readers who are interested more generally in polar oceanography, the book is probably the wrong choice. The Kara Sea is a rather

Ingo Harms

2004-01-01

105

Curriculum Outline for a General Oceanography Field Laboratory (Review Cycle-Annual).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum guide, in outline form, for oceanography field laboratories is presented. Designed to complement and expand upon an oceanography lecture course, it provides a list of objectives related to student experiences in three areas: (1) operating oceanographic equipment; (2) gathering, manipulating, and evaluating data; and (3) writing formal…

Schlenker, Richard M.

106

Diploma of Higher Studies in Oceanography. Red Sea & Gulf of Aden Programme (PERSGA).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents four courses for the diploma of higher studies in oceanography conducted by the Department of Oceanography, Faculty of Science, University of Alexandria, Egypt. These courses are organized by the Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (ALECSO). Each course is designed to be taught in one academic year…

Arab Organization for Education and Science, Cairo (Egypt).

107

Applying Neural Network Models to Prediction and Data Analysis in Meteorology and Oceanography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical or statistical methods have been introduced into meteorology and oceanography in four distinct stages: 1) linear regression (and correlation), 2) principal component analysis (PCA), 3) canonical correlation analysis, and recently 4) neural network (NN) models. Despite the great popularity of the NN models in many fields, there are three obstacles to adapting the NN method to meteorology-oceanography, especially in

William W. Hsieh; Benyang Tang

1998-01-01

108

Diploma of Higher Studies in Oceanography. Red Sea & Gulf of Aden Programme (PERSGA).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents four courses for the diploma of higher studies in oceanography conducted by the Department of Oceanography, Faculty of Science, University of Alexandria, Egypt. These courses are organized by the Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (ALECSO). Each course is designed to be taught in one academic year…

Arab Organization for Education and Science, Cairo (Egypt).

109

Epistemic levels in argument: An analysis of university oceanography students' use of evidence in writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to examine university oceanography students' use of evidence in writing. Drawing from rhetorical studies of science writing and studies of argumentation in science education, a model for assessing students' arguments is proposed that considers the relative epistemic status of propositions comprising students' written texts. The study was conducted in an introductory university oceanography course

Gregory J. Kelly; Allison Takao

2002-01-01

110

The importance of “big” science research in oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has been my privilege to have been associated with oceanography for the past 35 years. I hadn't realized how long it's been until I started thinking about this talk.At the beginning of my career, in conjunction with my graduate training, I did some research, mostly applied. Since 1958, however, I've been involved in research administration, the first 12 years with the Office of Naval Research [ONR], the next 8 years with the National Science Foundation [NSF], and most recently, with Texas A&M's Sea Grant Program.

Jennings, Feenan

111

The Maury Project: Exploring the Physical Foundations of Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Maury Project is the American Meteorological Society's comprehensive national program of teacher enhancement based on studies of the physical foundations of oceanography. Major components of the program include: (a) the development of a cadre of master oceanographic education resource teachers who provide peer training opportunities for their colleagues throughout the country, and (b) the dissemination and implementation of scientifically accurate and pedagogically sound instructional resource materials directed towards teachers. The program has two teacher enhancement components: (a) summer workshop training, and (b) peer-led training sessions. The workshop phase is held each summer at the United States Naval Academy (USNA) in Annapolis, Maryland, for 24 new participants (all of whom must go through an appliation process). This two-week phase includes intensive training sessions including lectures, tutorials, seminars, research cruises, hands-on laboratory exercises, and field trips. Trainers include faculty members from USNA, scientists from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and other organizations, and professional science educators. In component (b), the teachers trained in the USNA workshop conduct single-topic sessions on an on-going basis, for their peers within their home states, using single topic teaching materials developed by AMS specifically for this purpose. These training sessions, one to two hours in length, are offered by Maury Peer Trainers on a variety of topics treating the physical foundations of oceanography.

112

An International Perspective on Post Graduate Education in Physical Oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In June 2002 the inaugural Physical Oceanography Dissertation Symposium (PODS I) brought together 20 young scientists from 13 different countries. During the meeting, it became apparent that the graduate school experience varied markedly amongst the participants. We critically examine these differences, extract the positive aspects, and create recommendations for a post-graduate experience, which better prepares a student for a career in physical oceanography. We present a summary of the length, content, and quality of education for graduate programs in Australia, France, Germany, the UK, and the USA. Also we address the financial, social, and scientific status of graduate students. While individual character largely determines the success of the PhD experience, graduate programs should address the following crucial factors to improve the student's education: solid mentorship, regular progress checks on a departmental level, course work, internal workshops, field work, communication skills, effective scientific writing, scientific and social integration, international exchange, and stable and sufficient funding. We propose a model four year degree structure with one year of coursework, an additional six months at a foreign institution, and at least one month field work (not necessarily related to the project). If however this work was integral to the project then we feel that an additional fifth year would be appropriate.

Polton, J.; Roughan, M.; Johnston, T.; Hench, J.; Testor, P.; Johnson, H. L.; Brix, H.

2002-12-01

113

Crystallisation and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of the protease from Southampton norovirus complexed with a Michael-acceptor inhibitor  

SciTech Connect

Noroviruses are the predominant cause of human epidemic nonbacterial gastroenteritis. Viral replication requires a cysteine protease that cleaves a 200 kDa viral polyprotein into its constituent functional parts. Here, the crystallization of the recombinant protease from the Southampton norovirus is described. While the native crystals were found to diffract only to medium resolution (2.9 {angstrom}), cocrystals of an inhibitor complex diffracted X-rays to 1.7 {angstrom} resolution. The polypeptide inhibitor (Ac-EFQLQ-propenyl ethyl ester) possesses an amino-acid sequence designed to match the substrate specificity of the enzyme, but was synthesized with a reactive Michael acceptor group at the C-terminal end.

Coates, Leighton [ORNL; Cooper, Jon [University of Southampton, England; Hussey, Robert [University of Southampton, England

2008-01-01

114

The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oceanography and marine ecosystem research are inherently interdisciplinary fields of study that generate and require access to a wide variety of measurements. In late 2006 the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Sections of the National Science Foundation (NSF) Geosciences Directorate Division of Ocean Sciences (OCE) funded the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO). In late 2010 additional funding was contributed to support management of research data from the NSF Office of Polar Programs Antarctic Organisms & Ecosystems Program. The BCO-DMO is recognized in the 2011 Division of Ocean Sciences Sample and Data Policy as one of several program specific data offices that support NSF OCE funded researchers. BCO-DMO staff members offer data management support throughout the project life cycle to investigators from large national programs and medium-sized collaborative research projects, as well as researchers from single investigator awards. The office manages and serves all types of oceanographic data and information generated during the research process and contributed by the originating investigators. BCO-DMO has built a data system that includes the legacy data from several large ocean research programs (e.g. United States Joint Global Ocean Flux Study and United States GLOBal Ocean ECosystems Dynamics), to which data have been contributed from recently granted NSF OCE and OPP awards. The BCO-DMO data system can accommodate many different types of data including: in situ and experimental biological, chemical, and physical measurements; modeling results and synthesis data products. The system enables reuse of oceanographic data for new research endeavors, supports synthesis and modeling activities, provides availability of "real data" for K-12 and college level use, and provides decision-support field data for policy-relevant investigations. We will present an overview of the data management system capabilities including: map-based and text-based data discovery and access systems; recent enhancements to data search tools; data export and download utilities; and strategic use of controlled vocabularies to facilitate data integration and to improve data system interoperability.

Allison, M. D.; Chandler, C. L.; Groman, R. C.; Wiebe, P. H.; Glover, D. M.; Gegg, S. R.

2011-12-01

115

PreService Teacher Course in Physical Oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The next generation of Earth Science teachers requires enriched science content in their pre-service programs at the nation's universities. A pilot program with NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) scientists developed a "proof of concept" program during Summer 2005 at California State University-Fresno. A Physical Oceanography course for grade 6-12 educators was team taught by a university professor, a veteran teacher, and three JPL scientists. This two week course included presentations iii) the search for water on Mars. NASA satellite data were used extensively. The teachers also were exposed to web visualization tools such as PO.DAAC's Ocean ESIP Tool (POET) to teach the importance of ocean research.

Hammon, A.; Raskin, R.

2005-12-01

116

UCSD-Scripps Institution of Oceanography: Marine Biology Research Division  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 1,000 staff members, an annual budget of nearly $150 million, and its own fleet of ships capable of global travel, Scripps Institution of Oceanography is one of the most significant homes of scientific inquiry in the world. As part of its many diverse efforts, Scripps operates the Marine Biology Research Division which is presented at this website. The site, while simply designed and easy to navigate, is a great resource for students and researchers interested in learning more about the research activities at Scripps. Those interested in a certain type of research can narrow down the division into its specific labs, such as Cell and Developmental Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Microbiology, and Physiology. Visitors to the site can also access the many sub-laboratories, each focusing on specific subjects, such as Sea Turtles, Bioluminescence, Coral Reef ecology, and tons more. This site is also reviewed in the July 9, 2004 _NSDL Life Sciences Report_.

117

NSF-Sponsored Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ocean biogeochemistry and marine ecosystem research projects are inherently interdisciplinary and benefit from improved access to well-documented data. Improved data sharing practices are important to the continued exploration of research themes that are a central focus of the ocean science community and are essential to interdisciplinary and international collaborations that address complex, global research themes. In 2006, the National Science Foundation Division of Ocean Sciences (NSF OCE) funded the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) to serve the data management requirements of scientific investigators funded by the National Science Foundation’s Biological and Chemical Oceanography Sections. BCO-DMO staff members work with investigators to manage marine biogeochemical, ecological, and oceanographic data and information developed in the course of scientific research. These valuable data sets are documented, stored, disseminated, and protected over short and intermediate time frames. One of the goals of the BCO-DMO is to facilitate regional, national, and international data and information exchange through improved data discovery, access, display, downloading, and interoperability. In May 2010, NSF released a statement to the effect that in October 2010, it is planning to require that all proposals include a data management plan in the form of a two-page supplementary document. The data management plan would be an element of the merit review process. NSF has long been committed to making data from NSF-funded research publicly available and the new policy will strengthen this commitment. BCO-DMO is poised to assist in creating the data management plans and in ultimately serving the data and information resulting from NSF OCE funded research. We will present an overview of the data management system capabilities including: geospatial and text-based data discovery and access systems; recent enhancements to data search tools; data export and download utilities; and strategic use of controlled vocabularies to facilitate data integration and improve interoperability.

Allison, M. D.; Chandler, C. L.; Copley, N.; Galvarino, C.; Gegg, S. R.; Glover, D. M.; Groman, R. C.; Wiebe, P. H.; Work, T. T.; Biological; Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office

2010-12-01

118

Introductory Oceanography Taught as a Laboratory Science--An Experiment That Worked.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a college level introductory oceanography course that incorporates a hands-on laboratory component. The activities include the determination of density and buoyancy, light transmission in sea water, and wave refraction. (MA)

Anderson, Franz E.

1979-01-01

119

Applied Coastal Oceanography--A Course That Integrates Science and Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a course designed to teach students the fundamentals of coastal oceanography and the scientific methodologies used in studying this field. Business applications of this information also play an important role in the course. (DDR)

Montvilo, Jerome A.; Levin, Douglas R.

1998-01-01

120

An example of fisheries oceanography: Walleye pollock in Alaskan waters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A major area of research in fisheries oceanography examines relationships between recruitment dynamics of fish populations and the marine environment. A primary goal is to understand the natural causes of variability in year-class strength of commercially valuable species and apply this knowledge to management [Perry, 1994]. The paradigm that the majority of mortality occurs during transport of early life history stages from spawning to nursery grounds [Rothschild, 1986; Houde, 1987] provides an initial temporal focus for most research. The spatial domain includes the region occupied by early life history stages. Since global climate variability impacts regional ecosystem dynamics, however, the spatial domain often must be expanded. The relative importance and manifestation of biological factors [starvation and predation] that limit survival varies each year. Marked interannual and longer period variations in temperature (an influence on metabolic rates and behavior), transport of planktonic stages, and turbulence can exert an influence on both survival of early life history stages, and distribution of juveniles and adults. To understand how these environmental factors influence reproductive success of fish stocks also requires knowledge of the impact of these factors on predators and prey throughout the food web.

Schumacher, Jim; Kendall, Arthur W.

1995-07-01

121

Scatterometer wind vector products for application in meteorology and oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scatterometers measure the radar backscatter from wind-generated cm-size gravity-capillary waves and provide high-resolution vector wind fields over the oceans. All-weather scatterometer observations have proven accurate and important for the forecasting of dynamical and severe weather. Oceanographic applications have been initiated since scatterometers provide unique forcing information on the ocean eddy scale. With the launch of the Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT) on board MetOp-A in 2006, and the foreseen launch of its successors MetOp-B and MetOp-C in 2012 and 2017, respectively, scatterometer measurements are expected to continue until 2022 at least. In this paper the principles of scatterometer wind measurement are reviewed. The quality of scatterometer winds in terms of resolution and accuracy is assessed using statistical methods. Future product improvements are indicated. It is expected that in this decennium the number of operational scatterometers will increase substantially, leading to improved temporal sampling. This opens the way for new data products that will be useful for applications in meteorology and oceanography.

Vogelzang, Jur; Stoffelen, Ad

2012-11-01

122

Creating Education and Outreach Opportunities in Microbial Oceanography through Partnerships between Scientists and Educators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

C-MORE is an NSF-funded Science and Technology Center. Headquartered at the Univ of Hawaii at Manoa, C- MORE has five partner institutions: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Oregon State Univ, Univ of California at Santa Cruz and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Research and education activities occur at all six institutions. C-MORE's goals include educating and training a diverse population of teachers and students in microbial oceanography, providing professional development and training opportunities for scientists and educators, and improving public awareness of microbial oceanography. To date, C-MORE has focused on K-12 teacher-training, which include shipboard experiences, professional development workshops and mini-grants to incorporate microbial oceanography into K-12 curriculum. C-MORE's education and outreach activities are joint efforts between scientists and educators. Scientists have the microbial oceanography content knowledge and research skills, while educators can translate this information into everyday language and develop curriculum aligned with state and national standards. Some examples of upcoming events are given below. During Spring 2008, C-MORE will offer a six-week teacher workshop in microbial oceanography in Hawaii for local teachers. Emphasis is on research methods and laboratory skills. In mid-June, a two-day education cruise will engage teachers in scientific research in microbial oceanography. Working closely with microbial oceanographers, teachers will participate in sampling and analysis. In July, C-MORE will co-sponsor a nationwide teacher workshop on microbial oceanography in Oregon with the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), as part of the Education and Research: Testing Hypotheses (EARTH) workshop series (www.mbari.org/earth). For more info: kate.achilles@soest.hawaii.edu or barb@hawaii.edu

Achilles, K.; Weersing, K.; Walker, G.; Bruno, B. C.

2008-05-01

123

A Centre Without Walls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Diabetes Wellness Centre (DWC) is a new program (1 year old) funded by the Ontario Ministry of Health and managed by the Sandwich Community Health Centre. The DWC is designed to be a “Centre Without Walls” and is staffed with both nurses and dietitians. This concept involves delivering programs to meet the DWC's goals in partnership with existing community

Christine M. Wellington

1999-01-01

124

Science Learning Centres Roundup  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The national network of Science Learning Centres aims to raise the quality of science teaching from Key Stage 1 through post-16 (ages 5-19). Short courses are provided locally through the regional Science Learning Centres and longer, more intensive programmes are available at the National Science Learning Centre in York. There are a growing…

Education in Science, 2010

2010-01-01

125

SWOT: A high-resolution wide-swath altimetry mission for oceanography and hydrology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new satellite mission called Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) has been developed jointly by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration and France's Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales. Based on the success of nadir-looking altimetry missions in the past, SWOT will use the technique of radar interferometry to make wide-swath altimetric measurements of the elevation of surface water on land and the ocean's surface topography. The new measurements will provide information on the changing ocean currents that are key to the prediction of climate change, as well as the shifting fresh water resources resulting from climate change. Conventional satellite altimetry has revolutionized oceanography by providing nearly two decades' worth of global measurements of ocean surface topography. However, the noise level of radar altimeters limits the along-track spatial resolution to 50-100 km over the oceans. The large spacing between the satellite ground tracks limits the resolution of 2D gridded data to 200 km. Yet most of the kinetic energy of ocean circulation takes place at the scales unresolved by conventional altimetry. About 50% of the vertical transfer of heat and chemical properties of the ocean (e.g., dissolved CO2 and nutrients) is also accomplished by processes at these scales. SWOT observations will provide the critical new information at these scales for developing and testing ocean models that are designed for predicting future climate change. SWOT measurements will be in Ka band (~35 GHZ), chosen for the radar to achieve high precision with a much shorter inteferometry baseline of 10 m. Small look angles (~ 4 degrees) are required to minimize elevation errors, which limits the swath width to 120 km. An orbit with inclination of 78 degrees and 22 day repeat period was chosen for gapless coverage and good tidal aliasing properties. With this configuration, SWOT is expected to achieve 1 cm precision at 1 km x 1 km pixels over the ocean and 10 cm precision over 50 m x 50 m pixels over land waters. This presentation will be in two parts. Firstly we will give a brief overview of the SWOT mission and its sampling characteristics. We will then introduce a number of recent scientific results on our present understanding of ocean topography and surface geostropic velocities at mesoscales and sub-mesoscales, results which have been inspired by the upcoming SWOT measurements.

Morrow, Rosemary; Fu, Lee-Lueng; Rodriguez, Ernesto

2013-04-01

126

From Scientist to Educator: Oceanography in the Formal and Informal Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The TOPEX/Poseidon and Jason-1 ocean altimeter missions offer the educator in the middle school or informal education venue a unique opportunity for reinforcing ocean science studies. Two new educational posters from the United States' NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory and France's Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales provide teachers and students a tool to examine topics such as the dynamics of ocean circulation, ocean research, and the oceans role in climate. "Voyage on the High Seas; A Jason-1 Oceanic Adventure" is a poster/board game that offers learning opportunities through a non-textbook activity designed to stimulate interest in ocean science in a fun and instructive environment. The object of the game is to be the first to sail your research vessel from the Mediterranean Sea to Seattle, Washington while gaining Discovery Points. The starting point in the Mediterranean is where the mythological adventurers Jason and the Argonauts set out on their epic voyage to find the golden fleece. Discovery and Quiz Cards are used to challenge players to gain knowledge and points by correctly answering questions using clues from the board. Teachers can directly photocopy additional activities from the reverse side of the board game for use in a middle school Earth science curriculum. The game is also a stand-alone poster that is an engaging world map depicting the world's oceans and continents, major ocean currents, and other important geographic features. A second poster has been developed as a joint JPL/CNES effort. "Oceans' Music: Climate's Dance" highlights the ocean/climate link and provides educational activities that can be used directly in the classroom. The eye-catching poster is appropriate for display in both the formal and informal education setting. In both venues it should stimulate conversation about the ocean and provide a point of entry into inquiry-based learning about the connections between ocean circulation and global climate. It also seeks to emphasize the role of the ocean in sustaining life on Earth. Activities on the back of the poster can be used as supplemental material in a middle school Earth science curriculum, and are suitable for individual instruction and for classroom or group exercises. This poster will be published in both English and French. Educational research indicates that an inquiry-based method of student engagement is an appropriate and effective teaching tool. These posters offer a fun and instructive environment to promote student interest in Earth Science in general and particularly in oceanography.

Richardson, A. H.; Jasnow, M.; Srinivasan, M. S.; Rosmorduc, V.; Blanc, F.

2002-12-01

127

Using Earth Data in an Introductory Oceanography Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Activities that engage students in the use and interpretation of real earth data provide an effective way of promoting an understanding of the science process. In UCSB's introductory Oceanography course, major goals are to improve student understanding of how science works and how to interpret science claims in the popular media. Activities are modeled after those of practicing scientists. These include: a) posing a solvable problem, b) choosing and acquiring relevant data, c) describing the data, d) interpreting the data, e) giving talks to peers, and f) publishing and reviewing findings. Each of these activities poses pedagogical challenges that must be addressed in carefully sequenced course assignments that build upon each other, and respond to a variety of learning styles. The use of earth data in education also presents significant challenges in creating effective data acquisition and display tools. However, only item b, above, is pertinent to these tools. The other items present similar challenges. During the course, learners must acquire enough subject knowledge to successfully interpret the data. They must understand the theory or model they are testing, how the relevant data can be used to test the model, and how to illustrate and present their findings orally and in writing. Some of the assignments that support this are: online homework, online subject area mini-quizzes (randomly created from a database of questions), "questions of the day" in lecture, online short answer thought questions, lab section guided mini-investigations, lab section group presentations, short writing exercises, and 2 longer writing assignments. Students rate the writing assignments as the most effective course component that contributes to their learning. The writing assignments focus student effort and also produce a product that we can study in an attempt to measure student learning. Prof. Gregory Kelly and Prof. Charles Bazerman (UCSB Graduate School of Education) are studying student papers using rhetorical analysis and are developing a model that we hope will allow us to reliably measure the quality of a student paper, and also measure student understanding of science process. We are also using the results of these studies to refine the way we teach the science writing process to students.

Prothero, W. A.

2002-12-01

128

Skills Conversion Project: Chapter 10, Ocean Engineering and Oceanography. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to determine the potential utilization of displaced aerospace and defense technical professionals in oceanography and ocean engineering, a study of ocean-oriented industry in Florida and Southern California was conducted by The National Society of Professional Engineers for the U.S. Department of Labor. After recent consolidation, this…

National Society of Professional Engineers, Washington, DC.

129

Let's Talk About You and Sharks, American Oceanography Special Educational Newsletter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This special educational newsletter of the American Society for Oceanography presents information on marine oriented subjects, primarily for reading by junior high and secondary school students. Major articles consider the habits and stinging effects of sharks, jelly fish, and sting rays, and what one should do if stung by these fish while…

Kraft, Thomas L.; Miloy, Leatha

1971-01-01

130

OPERATION PATHFINDER: an introduction to oceanography and coastal processes for elementary and middle school teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary objective of the 1994 investigation was twofold: to implement a national network, science education effort to increase the awareness and understanding of oceanography and coastal processes and to improve the teaching techniques of approximately 120 elementary and middle school teachers of predominately minority students. This proposed three-semester hour, graduate course was implemented in five regions of this country

Sharon H. Walker; L. Lundie Spence; A. H. Miller; John A. Tiedemann; Frances Lee Larkin; B. Sharon Meeker; Robert J. Kent; Rachel Salas-Didier; Vicki J. Osis; Leslie R. Sautter; Howard D. Walters

1995-01-01

131

Let's Talk About You and Sharks, American Oceanography Special Educational Newsletter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special educational newsletter of the American Society for Oceanography presents information on marine oriented subjects, primarily for reading by junior high and secondary school students. Major articles consider the habits and stinging effects of sharks, jelly fish, and sting rays, and what one should do if stung by these fish while…

Kraft, Thomas L.; Miloy, Leatha

1971-01-01

132

Deepwater Physical Oceanography Reanalysis and Synthesis of Historical Data, Synthesis Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Minerals Management Service (MMS) of the U. S. Department of the Interior funded the Deepwater Physical Oceanography Reanalysis and Synthesis of Historical Data Study in the Gulf of Mexico. MMS awarded the contract to the Texas A&M Research Foundation...

W. D. Nowlin A. E. Jochens S. F. DiMarco R. O. Reid M. K. Howard

2001-01-01

133

Learning oceanography from a computer simulation compared with direct experience at sea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considerable research has compared how students learn science from computer simulations with how they learn from traditional classes. Little research has compared how students learn science from computer simulations with how they learn from direct experience in the real environment on which the simulations are based. This study compared two college classes studying introductory oceanography. One class learned using an

William Winn; Frederick Stahr; Christian Sarason; Ruth Fruland; Peter Oppenheimer; Yen-Ling Lee

2006-01-01

134

The application of standard definitions of sound to the fields of underwater acoustics and acoustical oceanography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent societal concerns have focused attention on the use of sound as a probe to investigate the oceans and its use in naval sonar applications. The concern is the impact the use of sound may have on marine mammals and fishes. The focus has changed the fields of acoustical oceanography (AO) and underwater acoustics (UW) because of the requirement to

William M. Carey

2001-01-01

135

Beyond the Golden Gate; oceanography, geology, biology, and environmental issues in the Gulf of the Farallones  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In the 1990's, the U.S. Geological Survey sponsored a multidisciplinary, multiagency investigation of the Gulf of the Farallones, which lies offshore of the San Francisco Bay region. This book discussess the results of the endeavor, covering the topics of oceanography and geology, biology and ecological niches, and issues of environmental management.

edited by Karl, Herman A.; Chin, John L.; Ueber, Edward; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II

2001-01-01

136

A Naturalistic Study of Epistemology: Oceanography Constructed through Oral and Written Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to examine how the epistemology of a discipline is interactionally accomplished, acknowledged, and appropriated in a university oceanography course. Drawing from sociological and anthropological studies of scientific communities, this study uses an ethnographic perspective to explore how teachers and students came to…

Kelly, Gregory J.; Chen, Catherine

137

Practical and Theoretical Aspects of Adjoint Parameter Estimation and Identifiability in Meteorology and Oceanography  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper has two aims. One is to survey briefly the state of the art of parameter estimation in meteorology and oceanography in view of applications of 4-D variational data assimilation techniques to inverse parameter estimation problems, which bear promise of serious positive impact on improving model prediction. The other aim is to present crucial aspects of identifiability and

I. M. Navon

1997-01-01

138

The Epistemological Framing of a Discipline: Writing Science in University Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how instruction in scientific writing in a university oceanography course communicated epistemological positions of the discipline. Uses an ethnographic perspective to explore how teachers and students came to define particular views of disciplinary knowledge. Identifies epistemological issues such as uses of evidence, role of expertise,…

Kelly, Gregory J.; Chen, Catherine; Prothero, William

2000-01-01

139

Applying Argumentation Analysis To Assess the Quality of University Oceanography Students' Scientific Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the methods and results of an assessment of students' scientific writing. Studies an introductory oceanography course in a large public university that used an interactive CD-ROM, "Our Dynamic Planet". Analyzes the quality of students' written arguments by using a grading rubric and an argumentation analysis model. Includes 18 references.…

Takao, Allison Y.; Prothero, William A.; Kelly, Gregory J.

2002-01-01

140

Recent advances in observing the physical oceanography of the western Mediterranean Sea  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mediterranean Sea has been investigated intensively since the early nineties, using modern techniques and collaborative approaches. This overview summarizes some of the resulting advances that were made concerning the physical oceanography of the western Mediterranean. The water mass formation processes are now much better understood and have been quantified to a large extent. The boundary conditions of the system

Uwe Send; Gerd Krahmann; Claude Millot; Monika Rhein; Joaquin Tintoref

1999-01-01

141

Oceanography of the Black Sea: A review of some recent results  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new synthesis of the Black Sea oceanography is presented, primarily based on studies carried out in the southern Black Sea, as well as on some recent work covering the entire basin, obtained in a new era of increasing cooperation between the riparian countries. A review of the physical environment is given. Seasonal and interannual climatic variability of the system

Emin Özsoy; Ümit Ünlüata

1997-01-01

142

Epistemic Levels in Argument: An Analysis of University Oceanography Students' Use of Evidence in Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines university oceanography students' use of evidence in writing considering the relative epistemic status of propositions comprising student' written texts. Defines the epistemic levels by discipline-specific geological constructs from descriptions of data, to identification of features, to relational aspects of features, to theoretical…

Kelly, Gregory J.; Takao, Allison

2002-01-01

143

Developing a Teaching Assistant Preparation Program in the School of Oceanography, University of Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the development of a program preparing graduate students to teach in the School of Oceanography, University of Washington, in response to repeated graduate student complaints about the lack of a program. Describes the program which is based on surveys of groups affected by the program and research on teaching assistant preparation,…

McManus, Dean A.

2002-01-01

144

Practical and theoretical aspects of adjoint parameter estimation and identifiability in meteorology and oceanography  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper has two aims. One is to survey briefly the state of the art of parameter estimation in meteorology and oceanography in view of applications of 4-D variational data assimilation techniques to inverse parameter estimation problems, which bear promise of serious positive impact on improving model prediction. The other aim is to present crucial aspects of identifiability and

I. M. Navon

1998-01-01

145

Skills Conversion Project: Chapter 10, Ocean Engineering and Oceanography. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to determine the potential utilization of displaced aerospace and defense technical professionals in oceanography and ocean engineering, a study of ocean-oriented industry in Florida and Southern California was conducted by The National Society of Professional Engineers for the U.S. Department of Labor. After recent consolidation, this…

National Society of Professional Engineers, Washington, DC.

146

Brazil/U.S. Workshop on Physical Oceanography Held on 3-6 August 1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The first Brazil/U.S. Workshop on Physical Oceanography of the South Atlantic Ocean was held on 3 Aug 1987 at the University of New Hampshire. The workshop resulted from a growing mutual interest in studying a complex and exceedingly interesting part of t...

E. Drapeau

1987-01-01

147

Short Training Course in Oceanography. Red Sea & Gulf of Aden Programme (PERSGA).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents a training course in oceanography intended for Junior Bachelor of Science (B.S.) graduates in physics, mathematics, chemistry, zoology, botany or geology to give them the minimum qualifications required to work in any of the marine science stations. This 14-week course, organized by the Arab League Educational, Cultural and…

Arab Organization for Education and Science, Cairo (Egypt).

148

Scripps Institution of Oceanography Ferromanganese Nodule Analysis File: NGDC Data Set # MGG15995013(00128)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Scripps Institution of Oceanography's database of geochemistry of marine ferromanganese nodules from the Pacific Ocean (completed in 1981 as part of the International Decade of Ocean Exploration) is available online. Data presented include the source, latitude/ longitude, sampling device, water depth, nodule type, and weight percentages of selected elements as well as core sediment descriptions and fossil percentages. All data are in HTML format.

149

Operational Oceanography In A Coastal Zone: The Gulf of Trieste  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The gulf of Trieste, the northernmost part of the Adriatic Sea, is characterized by an horizontal dimension of 25 km and a maximum bottom depth of 25 m. Here very highly variable forcings are observed: strong NNE wind events, large seasonal varia- tions of heat flux which cause complete vertical mixing in winter and a marked strat- ification in summer; also fluvial and ground water runoff renders the gulf a ROFI. Furthermore, the highest tidal range in the Mediterannean Sea is observed here, and recurrent severe SE and SW sea storms induce seiches and waves able to erode the sandy beaches of the northern coast. Among the aspects of physical oceanography in the gulf to be addressed: the complex circulation due to the wind regime and the presence of 3 layers in the warm season, the formation of dense water in the cold one, and the small scale dynamics (plumes dynamics, horizontal and vertical shear). To ob- serve and study so many processes in their wide spectrum of time scales, a traditional experimental approach is not sufficient: systematic, long-term routine measurements of the basic meteo-oceanographic variables, are needed. In 1998, the OGS developed a meteo-oceanographic buoy, named MAMBO, equipped with a profiling multipara- metric probe flanked by a sea-bottom ADCP-300kHz, and deployed it at a site 1 km distant from the coast. The buoy data are sampled every 3 hours. From March 2001 wave motion data are being collected by a Datawell Directional Waverider (DWR) just outside the gulf. From June 2001, an ADCP-600kHz remotely controlled by means of an original device is flanking the MAMBO buoy. The configuration of the ADCP can be remotely changed to resolve the effects of the stratification on the vertical structure of the tidal and the wind induced currents or, occasionally, to record shoaling wave data that can be compared with the DWR ones. The systematic monitoring provides a better understating of the transport and of the vertical mixing in the coastal bound- ary layer within the gulf. Both the MAMBO data and the ADCP data are transmitted to land in near-real-time and disseminated on the Internet: these features of the op- erational setup allow opportune planning of field activity, when special situations are observed in the probe or the current data. Some preliminary vessel-mounted ADCP transects have also been performed in the 2001, in view of a wider and more frequent use, to obtain more insight on the circulation. The operational application of a 3D cir- culation model for nowcasting/forecasting purposes is being planned. Two 2D wave propagation models will be used in the frame of a coastal erosion study.

Viezzoli, D.; Deponte, D.; Ursella, L.

150

Australian Centre for Astrobiology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Australian Centre for Astrobiology performs research in physics, astronomy, and cosmology, as well as investigates the possibility of life beyond Earth. After learning about the Centre's latest news and events, users can find summaries of the many current research projects including studies of ancient hydrothermal systems, remote sensing of the atmosphere of Venus, and varying constants. The website features the research, papers, and achievements of Professor Paul Davies and the Centre's other members. Students and educators can discover research and scholarship opportunities. This site is also reviewed in the June 25, 2004 _NSDL Physical Sciences Report_.

151

The Iranian Documentation Centre.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Iranian Documentation Centre (Irandoc) was to collect that portion of the world's literature which was pertinent to Iran's research interests, to organize that material, and to promote its use by Iranian researchers. Stated more succinc...

J. F. Harvey

1971-01-01

152

CAD Centre - Index Searcher  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A searchable index of the CAD Centre, a postgraduate teaching and research unit in design manufacture and engineering management, with research focused on design methods and computer support of the design process for engineering applications.

2007-10-11

153

The Dead Zone: Ecology and Oceanography in the Gulf of Mexico  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case study focuses on the seasonal hypoxic area in the Gulf of Mexico known as the Dead Zone. The case introduces students to the marine food web, the aquatic microbial loop, the impact of exogenous nutrients, and the physical forces that affect oxygen content and water stratification. It could be used in introductory biology or ecology courses or in an oceanography course. Registration and login required to access Answer Key.

Archer, Kathleen; Sahl, Lauren

154

How imprinting centres work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Imprinted genes tend to be clustered in the genome. Most of these clusters have been found to be under the control of discrete DNA elements called imprinting centres (ICs) which are normally differentially methylated in the germline. ICs can regulate imprinted expression and epigenetic marks at many genes in the region, even those which lie several megabases away. Some of

A. Lewis; W. Reik

2006-01-01

155

Discovering a Discovery Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has recently been a growth in the popularity of "science centres" and this development provides an excellent opportunity to support the primary science curriculum. Their use is therefore well worth including within initial teacher education courses. Hence, undergraduate student teachers at Stranmillis University College Belfast may now…

McCullagh, John; Stewart, James; Greenwood, Julian

2007-01-01

156

Australian Antarctic Data Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Australian Antarctic Division is part of the Australian Government's Department of the Environment and Heritage. Within the department's Web site is the Australian Antarctic Data Centre, which makes all scientific observations and results freely available. Data topics include weather, GIS and mapping, marine science, flora and fauna, and many other topics related to the southern continent.

2002-01-01

157

The Iranian Documentation Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the Iranian Documentation Centr (Irandoc) was to collect that portion of the world's literature which was pertinent to Iran's research interests, to organize that material, and to promote its use by Iranian researchers. Stated more succinctly, Irandoc's purpose was to obtain ready access to the world's scientific literature in order…

Harvey, John F.

158

Winnipeg Centre Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Winnipeg Centre Project is a field-based, work-study program that attempts to create more appropriate education for the inner-city child. Sponsored by the Planning and Research Branch of the Department of Colleges and Universities Affairs and administered by Brandon University in consultation with the Winnipeg School Division, the project is…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

159

Implementing Responsibility Centre Budgeting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recently, institutes of higher education (universities) have shown a renewed interest in organisational structures and operating methodologies that generate productivity and innovation; responsibility centre budgeting (RCB) is one such process. This paper describes the underlying principles constituting RCB, its origin and structural elements,…

Vonasek, Joseph

2011-01-01

160

Implementing Responsibility Centre Budgeting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, institutes of higher education (universities) have shown a renewed interest in organisational structures and operating methodologies that generate productivity and innovation; responsibility centre budgeting (RCB) is one such process. This paper describes the underlying principles constituting RCB, its origin and structural elements, and…

Vonasek, Joseph

2011-01-01

161

Energy Centre Microgrid Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A simulation model of Energy centre microgrid made with PSCAD simulation software version 4.2.1 has been built in SGEM Smart Grids and Energy Markets (SGEM) work package 6.6. Microgrid is an autonomous electric power system which can operate separate from...

R. Pasonen

2011-01-01

162

Energy centre's immediate impact.  

PubMed

A new CHP-based Energy Centre completed in 2010 at London's King's College Hospital helped the south London facility cut its overall carbon emissions by 12% in the first financial year of operation, and reduce by pounds sterling 254,000 its energy costs over the same period, reports HEJ editor, Jonathan Baillie. Based on the experience gained during the first year's operation, subsequent 'fine tuning' of the plant by Dalkia--the company which designed and managed the Energy Centre's construction, and is now operating and maintaining it under a 15-year contract with the King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust--saw site CO2 emissions at the hospital reduced by 550 tonnes more in the first seven months of the 2011-2012 financial year than in the corresponding period the previous year, enabling the Trust to achieve its 374-tonne 2011-2012 carbon reduction target with five months to spare. PMID:22515018

Baillie, Jonathan

2012-03-01

163

Crime Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the Law School at the University of Western Australia, the Crime Research Centre houses substantial data as well as information on scholarly publications, conferences, related Web links, and public lectures pertaining to the study of crime in Western Australia. Data include comprehensive statistics for general crime in Western Australia from 1994 to 1999 (the 1999 statistics were recently posted) as well as statistics on domestic violence, trends in violent crime, and rural crime and safety in the state. In addition, the publications section provides tables of contents and ordering information for over two dozen research and scholarly reports and books on criminal justice issues. (We wish that the Centre would place online the full text of at least those reports listed as "out of print.") The links page appears comprehensive for its topic, though unannotated.

164

In the Footsteps of Roger Revelle: Seagoing Oceanography for Middle School Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Now in its fourth year, "In the Footsteps of Roger Revelle" (IFRR) is a middle school science education program that draws student interest, scientific content and coherence with National Science Standards from real-time research at sea in fields of physical science. As a successful collaboration involving Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO), Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Office of Naval Research (ONR), National Science Foundation (NSF), San Diego County Office of Education (SDCOE), and San Marcos Middle School (SMMS), IFRR brings physical oceanography and related sciences to students at the San Marcos Middle School in real-time from research vessels at sea using SIO's HiSeasNet satellite communication system. With their science teacher on the ship as an education outreach specialist or ashore guiding students in their interactions with selected scientists at sea, students observe shipboard research being carried out live via videoconference, daily e-mails, interviews, digital whiteboard sessions, and web interaction. Students then research, design, develop, deploy, and field-test their own data-collecting physical oceanography instruments in their classroom. The online interactive curriculum encourages active inquiry with intellectually stimulating problem-solving, enabling students to gain critical insight and skill while investigating some of the most provocative questions of our time, and seeing scientists as role- models. Recent science test scores with IFRR students have shown significant increases in classes where this curriculum has been implemented as compared to other classes where the traditional curriculum has been used. IFRR has provided students in the San Diego area with a unique opportunity for learning about oceanographic research, which could inspire students to become oceanographers or at least scientifically literate citizens - a benefit for a country that depends increasingly on technically proficient personnel, and a benefit for society at large.

Brice, D.; Foley, S.; Knox, R. A.; Mauricio, P.

2007-12-01

165

Woman-centred care.  

PubMed

Changes over the past decade have emphasised the individual service user and their relationship with the health service. Within the maternity services this has been interpreted as woman-centred care a result of key initiatives; the Winterton Report (House of Commons, 1992. Maternity Services. Second Report of the Health Committee (Winterton Report), Vol. 1. HMSO, London) and Changing Childbirth (DoH, 1993a, Changing childbirth: reports of the expert maternity group parts 1 & 2. HMSO, London). Changing Childbirth outlined key principles of the maternity services and the need for the woman (and her partner, if she wishes) to be the focus of care. The key principles are choice, continuity and control. High quality care depends on the recognition of individuals as having unique needs which continues to be reflected within contemporary policy documents (DoH, 1997, The new NHS: modern and dependable. HMSO, London). This paper presents findings related to the provision of woman-centred care from a national research and development study. The study design incorporated (i): a national survey which was undertaken with midwives, midwife supervisors and doctors; and (ii): in-depth case studies in which information was obtained through interviews with midwives, midwife supervisors, educators, managers, doctors and mothers. Midwives, at all levels, are involved in changing maternity service provision and adapting to new systems of care which aim to increase continuity of care and carer for the woman. The researchers sought to understand how woman-centred care was interpreted and experienced in practice. The findings have been used to identify the continuing educational needs of midwives, and to develop an open learning educational package to meet identified need. The curriculum was designed to enhance the move towards the provision of a more integrated woman-centred service. PMID:11223063

Pope, R; Graham, L; Patel, S

2001-04-01

166

Reliability Centred Maintenance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliability centred maintenance (RCM) is a method for maintenance planning that was developed within the aircraft industry\\u000a and later adapted to several other industries and military branches. A high number of standards and guidelines have been issued\\u000a where the RCM methodology is tailored to different application areas, e.g., IEC 60300-3-11, MIL-STD-217, NAVAIR 00-25-403 (NAVAIR 2005), SAE JA 1012 (SAE 2002),

Marvin Rausand; Jørn Vatn

167

India Habitat Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The India Habitat Centre(IHC) was created in New Delhi, India, to "provide a physical environment [to] serve as a catalyst for a synergetic relationship between individuals and institutions working in diverse habitat related areas." Their website gives visitors a generous glimpse into what it is like to enjoy such features as the "Habitat Film Club", "Habitat Learning Centre", and the "IHC Visual Arts Gallery". Like a multi-faceted community center, the IHC houses a "Habitat Library & Resource Centre" and offers a monthly "Habitat Walk", among other activities. The "Habitat Walk" gives community members the opportunity to visit various natural and historical sites, and provides several pages of background on the sites that visitors can download or print from the "Habitat Walk" link on the website. The center also reaches out and empowers the community by encouraging students and non-students to participate in their annual contest for the Habitat Young Visionary Award, a photography fellowship, and in the recent past, internships in a non-governmental organization.

168

NCAR CSM ocean model by the NCAR oceanography section. Technical note  

SciTech Connect

This technical note documents the ocean component of the NCAR Climate System Model (CSM). The ocean code has been developed from the Modular Ocean Model (version 1.1) which was developed and maintained at the NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory in Princeton. As a tribute to Mike Cox, and because the material is still relevant, the first four sections of this technical note are a straight reproduction from the GFDL Technical Report that Mike wrote in 1984. The remaining sections document how the NCAR Oceanography Section members have developed the MOM 1.1 code, and how it is forced, in order to produce the NCAR CSM Ocean Model.

NONE

1996-05-01

169

The DESY Grid Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

DESY is one of the world-wide leading centers for research with particle accelerators, synchrotron light and astroparticles. DESY participates in LHC as a Tier-2 center, supports on-going analyzes of HERA data, is a leading partner for ILC, and runs the National Analysis Facility (NAF) for LHC and ILC in the framework of the Helmholtz Alliance, Physics at the Terascale. For the research with synchrotron light major new facilities are operated and built (FLASH, PETRA-III, and XFEL). DESY furthermore acts as Data-Tier1 centre for the Neutrino detector IceCube. Established within the EGI-project DESY operates a grid infrastructure which supports a number of virtual Organizations (VO), incl. ATLAS, CMS, and LHCb. Furthermore, DESY hosts some of HEP and non-HEP VOs, such as the HERA experiments and ILC as well as photon science communities. The support of the new astroparticle physics VOs IceCube and CTA is currently set up. As the global structure of the grid offers huge resources which are perfect for batch-like computing, DESY has set up the National Analysis Facility (NAF) which complements the grid to allow German HEP users for efficient data analysis. The grid infrastructure and the NAF use the same physics data which is distributed via the grid. We call the conjunction of grid and NAF the DESY Grid Centre. In the contribution to CHEP2012 we will in depth discuss the conceptional and operational aspects of our multi-VO and multi-community Grid Centre and present the system setup. We will in particular focus on the interplay of Grid and NAF and present experiences of the operations.

Haupt, A.; Gellrich, A.; Kemp, Y.; Leffhalm, K.; Ozerov, D.; Wegner, P.

2012-12-01

170

British Oceanographic Data Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC) is a component of the UK Natural Environment Research Council's (NERC) environmental data center network and has designated responsibility for marine data. BODC's mission is to operate a world class data center in support of UK marine science by maintaining and developing the UK's national oceanographic database, developing innovative marine data products and digital atlases, collaborating, on behalf of the UK, in the international exchange and management of oceanographic data, and making high quality oceanographic data readily available to UK research scientists in academia, government and industry.

171

Jinr University Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More than ten years ago, joint Order of the Ministries of Education and Atomic Energy No. 28/33 was signed on January 16, 1991. It was titled "On Providing Staff for Research and Applied Work in Nuclear Physics, Elementary Particle Physics, Condensed Matter Physics, and High-Temperature Superconductivity." This Order initiated the specialized education on the basis of JINR of graduate students from Moscow State University (MSU), Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPI), and, a little later, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT). On the grounds of this Order, the University Centre (the UC) was established, whose 10th anniversary was celebrated on March 21, 2001.

Ivanova, Svetlana

2005-09-01

172

Polar Seas Oceanography: An Integrated Case Study of the Kara Sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What strikes first when browsing through this book is that the main title is misleading. Polar Seas Oceanography is, first of all, a book on ``an integrated case study of the Kara Sea,'' as the subtitle says. For readers who are interested more generally in polar oceanography, the book is probably the wrong choice. The Kara Sea is a rather shallow shelf sea within the Arctic Ocean, located between the Barents Sea to the west and the Laptev Sea to the east. The importance of the Kara Sea is manifold: climate change issues like ice formation and freshwater runoff, environmental problems from dumping of radioactive waste or oil exploitation, and finally, the Northern Sea route, which crosses large parts of the Kara Sea, underline the economical and ecological relevance of that region. In spite of severe climate conditions, the Kara Sea is relatively well investigated. This was achieved through intense oceanographic expeditions, aircraft surveys, and polar drift stations. Russian scientists from the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI) carried out a major part of this outstanding work during the second half of the last century.

Harms, Ingo

2004-02-01

173

Making Data Available via the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office - Overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) was created from the U.S. Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (U.S. JGOFS) and the U.S. GLOBal ocean ECosystems dynamics (U.S. GLOBEC) Data Management Offices. The BCO-DMO is a NSF funded project that provides support for scientists funded by either the NSF's Biological or Chemical Oceanography Program Office to facilitate making their projects' data publically accessible. To extend the domains of the U.S. JGOFS and U.S. GLOBEC programs and to enable new capacities, the BCO-DMO formalized our metadata collection efforts and designed and created the BCO-DMO metadata database. This database, together with our new website content (http://www.bco-dmo.org) and a geospatial interface based on the University of Minnesota's MapServer software, currently provide access to information and data from nine science programs and their associated 27 projects. This presentation provides an overview and summary of the data discovery, data access, display, download options, interoperability features, and capabilities of the BCO-DMO data system.

Groman, R. C.; Allison, M. D.; Chandler, C. L.; Glover, D. M.; Wiebe, P. H.

2008-12-01

174

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) was established twelve years ago in the hope that they would "raise awareness of the plight of internally displaced people (IDP), point to gaps in national and international responses and promote solutions reflecting international standards and best practices." The Centre also keeps a database of 50 countries in which people have been displaced within their own country due to conflicts or human rights violations. To get a sense of where displaced persons are and how many countries have IDPs, visitors can click on the small world map on the far right hand side of the homepage. Scrolling over the map will reveal the number of displaced people by continent. Visitors interested in learning about an individual country can click on the continent, then click on one of the countries for an "Internal Displacement Profile", "Country Statistics", and an "Overview". The Resources tab, at the top of any page, includes "IDMC Publications", "Picture Galleries" of internally displaced people in India, Cyprus, and the West Bank, to name a few, and "IDP Maps" which has dozens of maps of from 2001 to 2009.

175

The International System of Units (SI) in Oceanography. Report of IAPSO Working Group on Symbols, Units and Nomenclature in Physical Oceanography (SUN). Unesco Technical Papers in Marine Science 45. IAPSO Publication Scientifique No. 32.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report introduces oceanographers to the International System of Units (SI) in physical oceanography. The SI constitutes a universal language, designed to be understood by all scientists. It facilitates their mutual comprehension and exchange of views and results of their work. The first part of the report is devoted to physical quantities,…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Div. of Marine Sciences.

176

The International System of Units (SI) in Oceanography. Report of IAPSO Working Group on Symbols, Units and Nomenclature in Physical Oceanography (SUN). Unesco Technical Papers in Marine Science 45. IAPSO Publication Scientifique No. 32.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report introduces oceanographers to the International System of Units (SI) in physical oceanography. The SI constitutes a universal language, designed to be understood by all scientists. It facilitates their mutual comprehension and exchange of views and results of their work. The first part of the report is devoted to physical quantities,…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Div. of Marine Sciences.

177

CHEMICAL OCEANOGRAPHY AND MARINE GEOSCIENCE OFF SOUTHERN AFRICA: PAST DISCOVERIES IN THE POST-GILCHRIST ERA, AND FUTURE PROSPECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1895\\/96. John D. F. Gilchrist was appointed marine biologist to the Cape Colony. During voyages extending as far as Walvis Bay and Maputo, he initiated studies of the marine geology and chemical oceanography of the shelf while mapping substrata for new demersal fishing grounds. The shelf sediments off the East Coast are controlled by wave processes along the inner

G. W. Bailey; J. Rogers

1997-01-01

178

Overview of the South China Sea circulation and its influence on the coastal physical oceanography outside the Pearl River Estuary  

Microsoft Academic Search

The northern South China Sea (SCS) has a complex energetic circulation, which exerts an important influence on the coastal oceanography outside the Pearl River Estuary (PRE) in southern China.In this review paper, three factors were identified which contribute to a generally cyclonic gyre in the upper ocean of the northern SCS: (1) The quasi-seasonal component of the wind forcing; (2)

Su Jilan

2004-01-01

179

Active-Learning Methods To Improve Student Performance and Scientific Interest in a Large Introductory Oceanography Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transfers the environment of a large enrollment oceanography course by modifying lectures to include cooperative learning via interactive in-class exercises and directed discussion. Results of student surveys, course evaluations, and exam performance demonstrate that learning of the subject under these conditions has improved. (Author/SAH)

Yuretich, Richard F.; Khan, Samia A.; Leckie, R. Mark; Clement, John J.

2001-01-01

180

Operation Pathfinder: Oceanography, Coastal Processes for Elementary, Middle School Teachers--Program Reaches Minority Students, Puts 'AAAH' into Ocean Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a 12-day teacher inservice course in oceanography and coastal processes that focuses on enhanced content knowledge, improved teaching strategies, role modeling, and leadership development. The primary objective is improving the teaching techniques of elementary and middle school teachers of predominantly minority students. Strategies…

Walker, Sharon H.

1998-01-01

181

Learning about Oceanography. Superific Science Book VII. A Good Apple Science Activity Book for Grades 5-8+.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based upon the recognition that the sea has great potential as a future source of energy, minerals, and water, this document was developed to provide students with learning experiences in oceanography. It contains background information about ocean tides, waves, chemistry, depths, and plant and animal life. The book provides the teacher with…

Conway, Lorraine

182

Constructing Knowledge of Marine Sediments in Introductory Geology and Oceanography Courses Using DSDP, ODP, and IODP Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lithologic data from 40 DSDP, ODP, and IODP scientific ocean drilling cores from the Pacific and North Atlantic oceans are the basis for an inquiry-based classroom exercise module for college introductory geology and oceanography courses. Part 1 of this exercise module is designed as an initial inquiry aimed at drawing out student beliefs and prior knowledge. In Parts 2-3 students

K. E. St. John; R. M. Leckie; M. H. Jones; K. S. Pound; E. J. Pyle

2008-01-01

183

IRC International Water Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The IRC International Water Centre was founded in 1968, and its headquarters is in the Netherlands. Their website's homepage states that the goal of the IRC is "[b]ridging the knowledge gap and joint learning with partners for improved, low-cost water supply, sanitation and hygiene in developing countries." A heartwarming story on the homepage, entitled "India, Jharkhand: with access to the toilet came access to dignity", tells of the increasing access poorer people have to toilets in Jharkhand. However, those people with special needs were not accounted for in the toilet program. A WaterAid worker became aware of a young disabled man's plight and advocated for him at village meetings, thus bringing to light the need for accessibility. The "Themes" link on the left side of any page explains sixteen areas that the IRC and its partners are trying to collect more knowledge about, such as "Local Governance", "Innovative Communication", and "Gender and Equity".

184

Jane Austen Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While for a number of centuries Bath was home to numerous noble Romans, perhaps the ancient cityÂs most notable resident was Jane Austen, the author whose novels continue to fascinate and delight readers today. The Jane Austen Centre website is designed to provide information on the interpretive center on Gay Street in that fair city, and no doubt potential visitors will want to use the site to plan a potential visit. Other visitors will want to look through The Jane Austen Magazine, which contains articles on Regency-era fashion, biographies of Austen and her contemporaries, and a host of media reviews of film and theater adaptations of her works. For those looking for a bit of material off the track of such works as Pride and Prejudice, the minor works area contains some miscellaneous writings by Austin, including some of her earliest plays, such as Frederic and Elfrida.

185

International Development Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Development Research Centre (IDRC), a public corporation created by the Parliament of Canada, fosters social, environmental, and economic development worldwide by conducting research that produces the knowledge to solve problems. The IDRC Website is as deep as it is wide, providing access to lodes of information on development programs from its offices located in Ottawa, Singapore, Montevideo, Dakar, New Delhi, Cairo, and Johannesburg. The IDRC provides full-text publications (including several online books), research databases, project information, funding opportunities, and links to other valuable resources. The IDRC also contains a unique feature: The Resource Clock. The Clock tracks, in real-time, the increase of global population in opposition to the decrease in the amount of the world's arable land, offering a vivid reminder of humanity's impact upon the earth's ecosystems.

1998-01-01

186

Alaskan oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physical oceanographers, chemists, and biologists will soon begin studying the seas around northern Alaska as part of an international effort to learn how increased fishing, oil and gas drilling, and land-based farming will affect marine life. The $2.5 million National Science Foundation (NSF)- funded study, called ISHTAR (Inner Shelf Transfer and Recycling in the Bering and Chukchi Seas), will involve scientists from the United States, Belgium, and Denmark.According to NSF, previous studies suggest that, despite a short growing season, the seas around the Bering Strait produce more plant life than most marine areas of the world. However, the source of mineral nutrients for this plant life and its destination in the food web or organic sediment is not well understood. The researchers will trace nutrients from the Yukon River and the deeper waters of the Bering Sea to the continental shelves of the Bering and Chukchi seas in an attempt to better understand what happens to land and marine organic matter when it enters this continental shelf ecosystem.

187

The ARMADA Project: Bringing Oceanography and the Arctic to the Midwest  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the fall of 2009, I spent 6 weeks aboard the Coast Guard Icebreaker Healy on a mapping expedition in the Arctic Ocean, through participation in the University of Rhode Island's ARMADA Project. Because I grew up in the Midwest, went to college here, and teach in the Chicago suburbs, I had limited first-hand experience in oceanography, as did most of my students. During my time aboard the ship, I primarily served as a member of the mapping team, collecting bathymetric and seismic data. My other science activities included aiding geologists and acoustic engineers in dredging projects and deployment of under-ice recording devices. I collected water data, sent off weather balloons, and assisted marine mammal observers. For the ARMADA Project I kept an on-line journal, which had a far-reaching impact. Students in many schools kept track of my activities and communicated with me via e-mail. Colleagues and friends shared the journal through other media, such as Facebook. Several of my entries were published in blogs belonging to NOAA and the USGS. I received a grant for renting a satellite phone, and through it was able to make "Live from the Arctic" phone calls. After introductory PowerPoints I communicated with more than 420 students in 5 schools in 3 states. When I returned, I made a series of presentations about the Arctic and my adventures to hundreds of people and was featured in an educational magazine with a circulation of more than 90,000. I also participated in an in-depth mentoring program with a new teacher to help her succeed during the first years of her career. The results: My students and I now have a direct connection to the Arctic and to the fields of oceanography, acoustic engineering, and geology. On their own initiative, students have developed individual projects exploring aspects of my research. They have attended presentations from the Extreme Ice Center and have become involved in drilling issues in the Chukchi Sea. A group of students is exploring the possibility of working with scientists from Scripps Institution of Oceanography to analyze the acoustic data. These are just some of the ways that a teacher's research experience can be effectively translated into the classroom setting.

Pazol, J.

2010-12-01

188

The Dead Zone Ecology and Oceanography in the Gulf of Mexico  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interrupted case study focuses on the seasonal hypoxic area in the Gulf of Mexico known as the Dead Zone. It follows Sue, a college student, whose father is a commercial fisherman affected by the lack of fish in his usual fishing grounds in the summer.  In her quest to determine why the fish disappear, Sue learns about both the biological and physical forces that produce, maintain, and eventually dissipate the hypoxic zone. The case introduces students to the marine food web, the aquatic microbial loop, the impact of exogenous nutrients, and the physical forces that affect oxygen content and water stratification. It could be used in introductory biology or ecology courses or in an oceanography course.

Archer, Kathleen; Sahl, Lauren

2009-01-01

189

UCSD-Sripps Institution of Oceanography Library: Diving Under Antarctic Ice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you can pull yourself away from the innovative and interactive underwater image on the homepage of this UCSD-Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library website, you will discover that many fascinating creatures dwell beneath Antarctic Ice. The high-quality photos and interesting information offered by this website are the products of three Antarctic scuba diving and field expeditions led by professional underwater photographer Norbert Wu. A stand-out feature of this site is the Underwater Field Guide to Ross Island & McMurdo Sound, Antarctica which includes close-up photos of, and information about, organisms like sponges, comb jellies, proboscis worms, sea spiders, and many more. Other site features include a Thematic Photo Gallery, journal reports from the expeditions, and information about scuba diving under Antarctic ice.

190

Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 6th, Atlanta, GA, Jan. 5-10, 1992, Preprints  

SciTech Connect

The present volume on satellite meteorology and oceanography discusses cloud retrieval from collocated IR sounder data and imaging systems, satellite retrievals of marine stratiform cloud systems, multispectral analysis of satellite observations of smoke and dust, and image and graphical analysis of principal components of satellite sounding channels. Attention is given to an evaluation of results from classification retrieval methods, the use of TOVS radiances, estimation of path radiance on the basis of remotely sensed data, and a reexamination of SST as a predictor for tropical storm intensity. Topics addressed include optimal smoothing of GOES VAS for upper-atmosphere thermal waves, obtaining cloud motion vectors from polar orbiting satellites, the use of cloud relative animation in the analysis of satellite data, and investigations of a polar low using geostationary satellite data.

Not Available

1992-01-01

191

Making Data Available via the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office - Implementation Details  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) was created from the U.S. Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (U.S. JGOFS) and the U.S. GLOBal ocean ECosystems dynamics (U.S. GLOBEC) Data Management Offices. The BCO-DMO is a NSF funded project that provides support for scientists funded by either the NSF's Biological or Chemical Oceanography Program Office to facilitate making their projects' data publically accessible. To extend the domains of the U.S. JGOFS and U.S. GLOBEC programs and to enable new capabilities, the BCO-DMO formalized our metadata collection efforts and designed and created the BCO-DMO metadata database. This database, together with our new website content (http://www.bco-dmo.org) and a geospatial interface based on the University of Minnesota's MapServer software, currently provide access to information and data from nine science programs and their associated 27 projects. This poster highlights some of the details of our system's design decisions that support the data discoverability, access, display, download and interoperability features, and capabilities of the BCO-DMO data interface. Initial efforts to use existing metadata schemas were unsuccessful as they did not address our specific needs or were overly generalized and therefore more complicated than necessary. The database design has evolved over time as we have learned more about what information needs to be preserved to support multiple interfaces and to enable machine-to-machine interoperability. Our latest enhancements include database tables to store additional information about the field or variable names that further describe the experimental, at sea, and historical data in order to support our new geospatial interface. Other features will facilitate data interoperability, provide flexibility in supporting different input data formats, capture data provenance information and allow creation of metadata records that are in compliance with community adopted standards.

Allison, M. D.; Groman, R. C.; Chandler, C. L.; Glover, D. M.; Wiebe, P. H.

2008-12-01

192

Tracking bottom waters in the Southern Adriatic Sea applying seismic oceanography techniques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the first results from the seismic oceanography (SO) cruise ADRIASEISMIC where we successfully imaged thermohaline fine structures in the shallow water environment (50-150 m) of the southern Adriatic Sea during March 2009 using a compact two GI-gun seismic source. The SO observations are complemented with traditional oceanographic and micro-structure measurements and show that SO can operate over almost the entire water column except (in our experimental layout) for the uppermost 50 m. After processing to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio, the seismic reflection data have a vertical resolution of ~10 m and a horizontal resolution of ~100 m and provide a laterally continuous map of significant thermohaline boundaries that cannot be achieved with conventional physical oceanography measurements alone. ADRIASEISMIC specifically targeted structures in shallow waters, namely along the western margin of the southern Adriatic Sea, between the Gargano peninsula and the Bari canyon, and imaged the Northern Adriatic Dense Water (NAdDW), a bounded cold and relatively dense water mass flowing from the northern Adriatic Sea.The seismic data acquired in Bari canyon and offshore of the Gargano promontory show many regions of strongly reflecting shallow structures, and the incorporation of XBTs measurements with these data demonstrate that they can be interpreted in terms of temperature structures and gradients. In the Gargano region several warm water intrusive structures are mapped along with the offshore transitional edge of cold waters of strong NAdDW influence. In Bari Canyon, waters with NAdDW influence are further mapped extending over the shelf and off the slope into a 5 km long tongue extending offshore between depths of 200 and 300 m. More generally, even though neither cascading nor open-ocean deep convection process appeared to be evident during March 2009, the SO approach was able to map details of thermal features not resolved by even closely spaced XBT measurements.

Carniel, Sandro; Bergamasco, Andrea; Book, Jeffrey W.; Hobbs, Richard W.; Sclavo, Mauro; Wood, Warren T.

2012-08-01

193

A permanent presence in the global ocean: A new approach to oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oceanography has been dominated for at least two centuries by an expeditionary approach and examples include the voyage of the Beagle in 1831-1836 and the Challenger Expedition in 1872 - 1876. In the U.S., the capabilities for expeditionary research were greatly amplified during and especially following WW II. Today the U.S. alone has established a research fleet of 28 vessels organized through UNOLS. While experimental oceanography has made enormous contributions over the decades and centuries, this approach has not been well-suited to investigating processes in which transients are important. The Dynamics of Earth and Ocean Systems (DEOS) program was developed in 1997 to promote the idea of making long-term observations in the oceans - to establish a long-term presence in the oceans. DEOS, recently reconfigured under sponsorship by the Consortium for Ocean Research and Education (CORE), advocates the collection of long-term time-series data with the recognition that this is the only viable approach to observe transients and changes and to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio of weak signals. We believe that moored ocean buoys are a technically feasible approach for making sustained time series observations in the oceans and will be an important component of any long-term ocean observing system. Because of the broad spectrum of scientific needs identified during planning, it is clear that there is no single buoy or mooring design that will meet all of these needs while at the same time minimizing costs. Both the U.S. and Britain (B-DEOS) have completed design studies for these buoys and we will present these alternatives in light of realistic ocean environments.

Orcutt, J. A.; Detrick, R. S.

2001-12-01

194

How imprinting centres work.  

PubMed

Imprinted genes tend to be clustered in the genome. Most of these clusters have been found to be under the control of discrete DNA elements called imprinting centres (ICs) which are normally differentially methylated in the germline. ICs can regulate imprinted expression and epigenetic marks at many genes in the region, even those which lie several megabases away. Some of the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which ICs control other genes and regulatory regions in the cluster are becoming clear. One involves the insulation of genes on one side of the IC from enhancers on the other, mediated by the insulator protein CTCF and higher-order chromatin interactions. Another mechanism may involve non-coding RNAs that originate from the IC, targeting histone modifications to the surrounding genes. Given that several imprinting clusters contain CTCF dependent insulators and/or non-coding RNAs, it is likely that one or both of these two mechanisms regulate imprinting at many loci. Both mechanisms involve a variety of epigenetic marks including DNA methylation and histone modifications but the hierarchy of and interactions between these modifications are not yet understood. The challenge now is to establish a chain of developmental events beginning with differential methylation of an IC in the germline and ending with imprinting of many genes, often in a lineage dependent manner. PMID:16575166

Lewis, A; Reik, W

2006-01-01

195

RTEMS CENTRE - RTEMS Improvement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last two years, EDISOFT's RTEMS CENTRE team [1], jointly with the European Space Agency and with the support of the worldwide RTEMS community [2], have been developing an activity to facilitate the qualification of the real-time operating system RTEMS (Real-Time Operating System for Multiprocessor Systems). This paper intends to give a high level visibility of the progress and the results obtained in the RTEMS Improvement [3] activity. The primary objective [4] of the project is to improve the RTEMS product, its documentation and to facilitate the qualification of RTEMS for future space missions, taking into consideration the specific operational requirements. The sections below provide a brief overview of the RTEMS operating system and the activities performed in the RTEMS Improvement project, which includes the selection of API managers to be qualified, the tailoring process, the requirements analysis, the reverse engineering and design of the RTEMS, the quality assurance process, the ISVV activities, the test campaign, the results obtained, the criticality analysis and the facilitation of qualification process.

Silva, H.; Constantino, A.; Freitas, D.; Coutinho, M.; Faustino, S.; Sousa, J.; Dias, L.; Zulianello, M.

2010-08-01

196

Call centre management: responsibilities and performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To investigate call centre management from the perspective of the managers, particularly what the key management responsibilities are in managing call centres and the key performance indicators (KPIs) used in managing call centres. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey of call centre managers, followed by in-depth interviews. Findings – There is confusion over the strategic intent of call centres. Centres

George Robinson; Clive Morley

2006-01-01

197

CMCC Data Distribution Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The CMCC Data Distribution Centre (DDC) is the primary entry point (web gateway) to the CMCC. It is a Data Grid Portal providing a ubiquitous and pervasive way to ease data publishing, climate metadata search, datasets discovery, metadata annotation, data access, data aggregation, sub-setting, etc. The grid portal security model includes the use of HTTPS protocol for secure communication with the client (based on X509v3 certificates that must be loaded into the browser) and secure cookies to establish and maintain user sessions. The CMCC DDC is now in a pre-production phase and it is currently used only by internal users (CMCC researchers and climate scientists). The most important component already available in the CMCC DDC is the Search Engine which allows users to perform, through web interfaces, distributed search and discovery activities by introducing one or more of the following search criteria: horizontal extent (which can be specified by interacting with a geographic map), vertical extent, temporal extent, keywords, topics, creation date, etc. By means of this page the user submits the first step of the query process on the metadata DB, then, she can choose one or more datasets retrieving and displaying the complete XML metadata description (from the browser). This way, the second step of the query process is carried out by accessing to a specific XML document of the metadata DB. Finally, through the web interface, the user can access to and download (partially or totally) the data stored on the storage device accessing to OPeNDAP servers and to other available grid storage interfaces. Requests concerning datasets stored in deep storage will be served asynchronously.

Aloisio, Giovanni; Fiore, Sandro; Negro, A.

2010-05-01

198

British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) is designed to "assist UK atmospheric researchers to locate, access and interpret atmospheric data." With this aim in mind, the BADC provides one of the only permanent archives for data sets from Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)-funded projects. Also, the Centre serves as a single repository for third party data sets of value to the atmospheric research community. Among the 46 data sets included in the searchable archive, data pertaining to ozone experiments; stratosphere, mesosphere, and troposphere measurements; sea temperatures; and forecasting are all available here. The Centre is an outstanding single source for atmospheric data.

199

The R/V EL PUMA and JUSTO SIERRA impact on the development of oceanography in Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The acquisition of the two research vessels (R/V EL PUMA AND R/V JUSTO SIERRA) of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México represented a milestone for the development of oceanography and capacity building in Mexico. These boats were designed to conduct multi and interdisciplinary research in the Economic Exclusive Zone of Mexico in the main areas of oceanography (Physics, Geology, Chemistry and Biology). Its use, by different institutions, resulted in a substantial advancement of the knowledge of Marine ecosystems of Mexico. About 460 oceanographic campaigns, with more than 8700 participants, have been conducted since the boats arrived. These covered a wide array of topics of the marine ecosystem from the inner shelf to deep sea. Extensive research was done on current patterns, primary productivity and pollution monitoring of the Mexican Pacific, Sea of Cortez, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean sea. Marine biodiversity studies were also carried which discovered more than 180 new species in Mexican seas. Ecological characterization and paleo-oceanographic research from continental shelf to deep sea also registered a substantial advance. The vessels are now renewed with hi-tech equipment for sea bottom, water column and navigation that increased their research capacity, representing again a new milestone in the history of oceanography in Mexico. This improved capacity is very promising and opens new and sound opportunities for carrying modern oceanographic in order to improve knowledge of the Mexican Economic Exclusive Zone.

Gracia, A.

2007-05-01

200

North American Paleozoic Oceanography: Overview of Progress Toward a Modern Synthesis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three fundamental questions have confronted paleoceanographers from the beginning of their North American explorations. What was the size and timing of ancient epicontinental seas: large and long-lasting or small and brief? What characterized the distribution of biotas and sediments at any one point in time: a multitude of complex facies patterns or a more spacially homogeneous cover? What promoted continental foundering: eustatic changes in sea level or relative changes in sea level brought about by regional tectonics? These questions have been debated by North Americans since the middle 1800s in response to various new insights, usually coming from abroad but often elaborated into substantial contributions of equal standing. Contemporary facies zones in Mediterranean biota found by the Englishman E. Forbes attracted the notice of geologists as early as 1844. C. Whittlesey was among the first to apply the bathymetric scheme of Forbes to the interpretation of American Paleozoic strata in 1851. The outstanding "native" innovation of the period was J. Hall's geosyncline concept, which is reflected in the earliest map of Paleozoic North America made by T. C. Chamberlin in 1881. Another wave of influence spread from the late 19th century work on stratigraphic facies patterns by the German J. Walther. A. W. Grabau is best remembered as Walther's foremost American champion against the formidable layer-caker E. O. Ulrich in the first decades of the 20th century, but he also made pioneering contributions of his own on Paleozoic sea level studies and global paleogeographic reconstructions. Charles Schuchert was the consummate paleogeographer of this period. Meanwhile, the term "cyclothem" was coined by J. Marvin Weller in 1930 for recurrent Carboniferous strata in Illinois. Controversy fast erupted over a glacial as opposed to tectonic mode of origin for these cycles. In 1964, A. B. Shaw restimulated interest in Paleozoic oceanography through his reformulation of Walther's ideas. Novel additions included a model for epeiric sea carbonates and the methodology for graphic correlation. Invoking studies by C. G. J. Petersen on recent communities in Danish waters, A. M. Ziegler added new emphasis to paleobathymetry based on fossil communities. As was in Grabau's case, this interest eventually led to larger concerns with global paleogeography. Although the same questions are still debated today, the foregoing periods set the stage for a modern, more interdisciplinary approach to Paleozoic oceanography.

Johnson, Markes E.

1987-04-01

201

Virtual Research Expeditions along Plate Margins: Examples from an Online Oceanography Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An undergraduate online course in oceanography is based on the participation of each student in a series of virtual, at-sea, research expeditions, two of which are used to examine the tectonic processes at plate boundaries. The objective is to leverage the results of major federal research initiatives in the ocean sciences into effective learning tools with a long lifespan for use in undergraduate geoscience courses. These web-based expeditions examine: (1) hydrothermal vents along the divergent plate boundary at the Explorer Ridge and (2) the convergent plate boundary fault along the Nankai Trough, which is the objective of the multi-year NanTroSEIZE drilling program. Here we focus on the convergent plate boundary in NanTroSEIZE 3-D, which is based on a seismic survey supported through NSF-MARGINS, IODP and CDEX in Japan to study the properties of the plate boundary fault system in the upper limit of the seismogenic zone off Japan. The virtual voyage can be used in undergraduate classes at anytime, since it is not directly tied to the finite duration of a specific seagoing project, and comes in two versions, one that is being used in geoscience major courses and the other in non-major courses, such as the oceanography course mentioned above and a lower-division global studies course with a science emphasis. NanTroSEIZE in 3-D places undergraduate learning in an experiential framework as students participate on the expedition and carry out research on the structure of the plate boundary fault. Students learn the scientific background of the program, especially the critical role of international collaboration, and meet the chief scientists before joining the 3-D seismic imaging expedition to identify the active faults that were the likely sources of devastating earthquakes and tsunamis in Japan in 1944 and 1948. The initial results of phase I ODP drilling that began in 2007 are also reviewed. Students document their research on a worksheet that accompanies the expedition, interpret a slice through the 3-D seismic volume, and compose an “AGU-style” abstract summarizing their work, which is submitted to the instructor for review. NanTroSEIZE in 3-D is openly available and can be accessed through the MARGINS Mini-lesson section of the Science Education Resource Center (SERC).

Reed, D. L.; Moore, G. F.; Bangs, N. L.; Tobin, H. J.

2010-12-01

202

The Tehran Book Processing Centre.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Establishment of the Tehran Book Processing Centre (Tebroc) was proposed in the Spring of 1968. This document is a descriptive and historical account of the center, and a description of its contributions to Iranian processing development. The center was m...

J. F. Harvey

1971-01-01

203

RTEMS Centre - Support and Maintenance Centre to RTEMS Operating System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RTEMS CENTRE - Support and Maintenance Centre to RTEMS Operating System is a joint ESA/Portuguese Task Force initiative to develop a support and maintenance centre to the Real-Time Executive for Multiprocessor Systems (RTEMS). This paper gives a high level visibility of the progress, the results obtained and the future work in the RTEMS CENTRE [6] and in the RTEMS Improvement [7] projects. RTEMS CENTRE started officially in November 2006, with the RTEMS 4.6.99.2 version. A full analysis of RTEMS operating system was produced. The architecture was analysed in terms of conceptual, organizational and operational concepts. The original objectives [1] of the centre were primarily to create and maintain technical expertise and competences in this RTOS, to develop a website to provide the European Space Community an entry point for obtaining support (http://rtemscentre.edisoft.pt), to design, develop, maintain and integrate some RTEMS support tools (Timeline Tool, Configuration and Management Tools), to maintain flight libraries and Board Support Packages, to develop a strong relationship with the World RTEMS Community and finally to produce some considerations in ARINC-653, DO-178B and ECSS E-40 standards. RTEMS Improvement is the continuation of the RTEMS CENTRE. Currently the RTEMS, version 4.8.0, is being facilitated for a future qualification. In this work, the validation material is being produced following the Galileo Software Standards Development Assurance Level B [5]. RTEMS is being completely tested, errors analysed, dead and deactivated code removed and tests produced to achieve 100% statement and decision coverage of source code [2]. The SW to exploit the LEON Memory Management Unit (MMU) hardware will be also added. A brief description of the expected implementations will be given.

Silva, H.; Constantino, A.; Freitas, D.; Coutinho, M.; Faustino, S.; Mota, M.; Colaço, P.; Sousa, J.; Dias, L.; Damjanovic, B.; Zulianello, M.; Rufino, J.

2009-05-01

204

An electronic atlas on the oceanography of the South China Sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The digital atlas on CD ROM includes a set of generalized data on the South China Sea oceanography. The data is presented in the form of spreadsheets, graphics, and text. The atlas contains a brief annotated description of the main physical-geographical characteristics and the particularities of the hydrological regime, water masses, tidal phenomena, and water mass circulation. The atlas is an interactive information-reference system including elements of dynamic data visualization. It contains a body of data on the long-term observations of the temperature and salinity; gridded blocks of the average annual, seasonal, and monthly data at the standard depth horizons; and data on the hydrochemical characteristics and water currents obtained by automatic buoy stations (ABS). A list of existing open access data bases and web sites is given where additional online and archived information on a range of special issues and problems related to regional studies and exploitation is provided. The system allows for fast access to specifically selected online or generalized reference information (via the Internet) and for its imaging.

Rostov, I. D.; Moroz, V. V.; Rudykh, N. I.; Rostov, V. I.

2009-12-01

205

The Thermodynamic Equation Of Seawater - 2010 (TEOS-10): implications for observational oceanography and ocean modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) has endorsed a new equation of state of seawater to replace the International Equation of State of 1980. The new Thermodynamic Equation of Seawater 2010 (TEOS-10 for short) has been prepared by SCOR/IAPSO Working Group 127, and from 1st January 2010, is the new worldwide standard description of seawater. This thermodynamic description of seawater provides accurate algorithms for Absolute Salinity, density, entropy, enthalpy and many other properties. The software of the new seawater standard is available on line from www.TEOS-10.org. The talk will concentrate on three main topics, namely (i) the definition and use of a new form of salinity called Absolute Salinity which takes into account the spatial variation in the composition of seawater, (ii) a thermodynamic variable that can be used to accurately represent the transport and mixing of "heat" in the ocean, and (iii) the differences between the specific volume of TEOS-10 and that of EOS-80 (the International Equation of State of seawater that has been in use since 1980). The talk will discuss the relative improvements in the accuracy of observational oceanography and ocean models that can be expected from adopting TEOS-10.

McDougall, Trevor

2010-05-01

206

The application of standard definitions of sound to the fields of underwater acoustics and acoustical oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent societal concerns have focused attention on the use of sound as a probe to investigate the oceans and its use in naval sonar applications. The concern is the impact the use of sound may have on marine mammals and fishes. The focus has changed the fields of acoustical oceanography (AO) and underwater acoustics (UW) because of the requirement to communicate between disciplines. Multiple National Research Council publications, Dept. of Navy reports, and several monographs have been written on this subject, and each reveals the importance as well as the misapplication of ASA standards. The ANSI-ASA standards are comprehensive, however not widely applied. The clear definition of standards and recommendations of their use is needed for both scientists and government agencies. Traditionally the U.S. Navy has been responsible for UW standards and calibration; the ANSI-ASA standards have been essential. However, recent changes in the Navy and its laboratory structure may necessitate a more formal recognition of ANSI-ASA standards and perhaps incorporation of UW-AO in the Bureau of Standards. A separate standard for acoustical terminology, reference levels, and notation used in the UW-AO is required. Since the problem is global, a standard should be compatible and cross referenced with the International Standard (CEI/IEC 27-3).

Carey, William M.

2001-05-01

207

Remote sensing oceanography of a harmful algal bloom off the coast of southeastern Vietnam  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) in the southeastern Vietnamese coastal waters have caused large economic losses in aquacultured and wild fisheries in recent years; however, there have been few oceanographic studies on these HAB events. The present study reports an extensive HAB off southeastern Vietnamese waters during late June to July 2002 with in situ observations and analyzes the oceanographic conditions using satellite remote sensing data. The HAB had high chlorophyll a (Chl a) concentrations (up to 4.5 mg m-3) occurring ˜200 km off the coast and ˜200 km northeast of the Mekong River mouth for a period of ˜6 weeks. The bloom was dominated by the harmful algae haptophyte Phaeocystis cf. globosa and caused a very significant mortality of aquacultured fish and other marine life. In the same period, sea surface temperature (SST) imagery showed a cold water plume extending from the coast to the open sea, and QuikScat data showed strong southwesterly winds blowing parallel to the coastline. This study indicated that the HAB was induced and supported by offshore upwelling that brings nutrients from the deep ocean to the surface and from coastal water to offshore water and that the upwelling was driven by strong wind through Ekman transport when winds were parallel to the coastline. This study demonstrated the possibility of utilizing a combination of satellite data of Chl a, SST, and wind velocity together with coastal bathymetric information and in situ observations to give a better understanding of the biological oceanography of HABs.

Tang, Dan Ling; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Doan-Nhu, Hai; Takahashi, Wataru

2004-03-01

208

The Prestige crisis: operational oceanography applied to oil recovery, by the Basque fishing fleet.  

PubMed

On 19th November 2002, the oil tanker Prestige (containing 77,000 tonnes of heavy fuel no. 2 (M100)) sank in 3500 m of water, off the coast of northwestern Spain. Intermittent discharge of oil from the stricken tanker, combined with large-scale sea surface dispersion, created a tracking and recovery problem. Initially, conventional oil recovery approaches were adopted, close to the wreck. With time and distance from the source, the oil dispersed dramatically and became less viscous. Consequently, a unique monitoring, prediction and data dissemination system was established, based upon the principles of 'operational oceanography'; this utilised in situ tracked buoys and numerical (spill trajectory) modelling outputs, in combination with remote sensing (satellite sensors and visual observation). Overall, wind effects on the surface waters were found to be the most important mechanism controlling the smaller oil slick movements. The recovery operation involved up to 180 fishing boats, 9-30 m in length. Such labour-intensive recovery of the oil (21,000 tonnes, representing an unprecedented ratio of 6.6 tonnes at sea, per tonne recovered on land) continued over a 10 month period. The overall recovery at sea, by the fishing vessels, represented 63% of the total oil recovered at sea; this compares to only 37% recovered by specialised 'counter- pollution' vessels. PMID:16769415

González, Manuel; Uriarte, Adolfo; Pozo, Rogelio; Collins, Michael

2006-01-01

209

National Centre for Social Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Social Research is widely considered to be Britain's premier research group specializing in social surveys and qualitative research for the development and evaluation of public policy. Much of the centre's work is done on the behalf of various public organizations, such as research councils, charitable trusts, and foundations. At the homepage, visitors can read about the centre's various research units (such as the Survey Methods Centre), its respective methodologies and approaches, and recent work that has been conducted. One strong highlight of the site is the inclusion of a number of reports, organized thematically into such areas as leisure, housing, political attitudes, social security, and health. The papers truly run the gamut of social science research, including works titled Attitudes Towards Discrimination in Scotland, Low-Income Families and Household Spending, and Methodological Review of the Survey of English Housing (2003).

210

An Introduction to the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO- DMO)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The BCO-DMO (http://www.bco-dmo.org) was created to serve PIs funded by the NSF Biological and Chemical Oceanography Sections as a facility where marine biogeochemical and ecological data and information developed in the course of scientific research can easily be disseminated, protected, and stored on short and intermediate time-frames. The Data Management Office also strives to provide research scientists and others with the tools and systems necessary to work with marine biogeochemical and ecological data from heterogeneous sources with increased efficacy. To accomplish this, two data management offices (former- U.S. JGOFS and U.S. GLOBEC) have been united and enhanced to provide a venue for contribution of electronic data/metadata and other information for open distribution via the World Wide Web. The JGOFS/GLOBEC Client/Server distributed data management system software is used to serve data and information to every investigator, regardless of computing platform. In addition, Web services are provided for data discovery, and development has begun on a machine-to-machine application programming interface (API) to allow interoperability between Web-based data systems. The BCO-DMO will manage existing and new data sets from individual scientific investigators, collaborative groups of investigators, and data management offices of larger multi-institutional projects via any standard Web browser. The office will work with principal investigators on data quality control; maintain an inventory and program thesaurus of strictly defined field names; generate metadata (e.g. Directory Interchange Format (DIF) ) records required by Federal agencies; ensure submission of data to national data centers; support and encourage data synthesis by providing new, online, Web-based display tools; facilitate interoperability among different data portals; and facilitate regional, national, and international data and information exchange.

Chandler, C.; Glover, D.; Groman, R.; Wiebe, P.

2007-12-01

211

Near resonant bubble acoustic cross-section corrections, including examples from oceanography, volcanology, and biomedical ultrasound.  

PubMed

The scattering cross-section sigma(s) of a gas bubble of equilibrium radius R(0) in liquid can be written in the form sigma(s)=4piR(0) (2)[(omega(1) (2)omega(2)-1)(2)+delta(2)], where omega is the excitation frequency, omega(1) is the resonance frequency, and delta is a frequency-dependent dimensionless damping coefficient. A persistent discrepancy in the frequency dependence of the contribution to delta from radiation damping, denoted delta(rad), is identified and resolved, as follows. Wildt's [Physics of Sound in the Sea (Washington, DC, 1946), Chap. 28] pioneering derivation predicts a linear dependence of delta(rad) on frequency, a result which Medwin [Ultrasonics 15, 7-13 (1977)] reproduces using a different method. Weston [Underwater Acoustics, NATO Advanced Study Institute Series Vol. II, 55-88 (1967)], using ostensibly the same method as Wildt, predicts the opposite relationship, i.e., that delta(rad) is inversely proportional to frequency. Weston's version of the derivation of the scattering cross-section is shown here to be the correct one, thus resolving the discrepancy. Further, a correction to Weston's model is derived that amounts to a shift in the resonance frequency. A new, corrected, expression for the extinction cross-section is also derived. The magnitudes of the corrections are illustrated using examples from oceanography, volcanology, planetary acoustics, neutron spallation, and biomedical ultrasound. The corrections become significant when the bulk modulus of the gas is not negligible relative to that of the surrounding liquid. PMID:19894796

Ainslie, Michael A; Leighton, Timothy G

2009-11-01

212

Visualizing the Bay: Bringing a Research Experience into a High Enrollment Online Oceanography Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

General education courses at many universities are required to demonstrate specific student learning outcomes and methodologies of learning assessment that can be measure the success, or lack thereof, of meeting these outcomes. A primary learning outcome of the SJSU general education program is to have students apply a scientific approach to problems of the earth and environment. This requirement can be challenging in high enrollment classes offered at universities without the resources of graduate teaching assistantships. In order to meet this outcome through an active learning environment, we have redesigned a web-based oceanography course, primarily for non-science majors, that has students assume the role of shipboard scientists on a number of ocean-going virtual research experiences. One activity has students participate on a virtual research voyage based on a multi-beam sonar study of the central San Francisco Bay described in USGS Circular 1259 by Chin et al (2004). Students carry out the duties of virtual shipboard scientists, including pre- and post-cruise scientific meetings, sonar data acquisition, processing and visualization, and interpretation of the seafloor mapping data using a combination of scientific visualizations, animations, and audio and video segments. While on the voyage, students are required to: (1) determine the navigational hazards posed by three submerged rocks near the main shipping lane in the bay, (2) assess the long-term viability of a disposal site for mud dredged from the bay, and (3) generate a sediment characteristics map of the bay floor that can be used as a basis for future studies of contaminant transport. Upon completion of the voyage students are required to write an abstract describing their research for publication in the proceedings volume of a virtual scientific conference in the form of an essay question on the mid-term exam. Based on the work of over 200 students, this question has received the highest score of four essay questions on the exam during the past two terms.

Reed, D. L.; Anglin, J.

2005-12-01

213

The Tehran Book Processing Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Establishment of the Tehran Book Processing Centre (Tebroc) was proposed in the Spring of 1968. This document is a descriptive and historical account of the center, and a description of its contributions to Iranian processing development. The center was modeled, to a certain extent, after Bro-Dart's Alanar in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Tebroc…

Harvey, John F.

214

Applications of Centre Manifold Theory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the lectures was to give an introduction to the applications of centre manifold theory to differential equations. Most of the material is presented in an informal fashion, by means of worked examples in the hope that this clarifies the use ...

J. Carr

1979-01-01

215

Logistics centres development in Latvia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the situation where a large increase in trade and freight transport volumes in the Baltic Sea region (BSR) is expected and in which the BSR is facing a major economic restructuring, efforts to achieve more integrated and sustainable transport and communication links within the BSR are needed. One of these efforts is the development of logistics centres (LCs) and

Igor Kabashkin

2007-01-01

216

Player-centred game design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Videogames are not your typical software application. They are often designed to elicit a negative emotional response, such as frustration or fear, the antithesis of usability. However, this is not to suggest that HCI has little to offer the game design community. Indeed, the exact opposite appears to be true. A number of user-centred design techniques have evolved which can

Jonathan Sykes; Melissa Federoff

2006-01-01

217

Consumers bombard fraud reporting centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumers and business finally have an outlet for reporting suspected Internet frauds. The Internet Fraud Complaint Centre, launched earlier this year by the Justice Department and the FBI, operates the government website which reports complaints to the proper agencies, tracks fraudulant schemes and supplies data to the appropriate law enforcement officials.

Allan Donnelly

2000-01-01

218

National Centre for Sustainable Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Centre for Sustainable Development (NCSD) was established to develop a national strategy for sustainable development in Romania. NCSD is also the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) representative in Romania. The goals of NCSD include environmental protection and poverty alleviation.

2008-02-19

219

Northeastern Gulf of Mexico coastal and marine ecosystem program: Data search and synthesis, annotated bibliography. Appendix A: Physical oceanography. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This study summarizes environmental and socioeconomic information related to the Florida Panhandle Outer Continental Shelf (OCS). It contains a conceptual model of active processes and identification of information gaps that will be useful in the design of future environmental studies in the geographic area. The annotated bibliography for this study is printer in six volumes, each pertaining to a specific topic. They are as follows: Appendix A--Physical Oceanography; Appendix B--Meteorology; Appendix C--Geology; Appendix D--Chemistry; Appendix E--Biology; and Appendix F--Socioeconomics. This volume contains bibliographic references pertaining to physical oceanography.

NONE

1996-09-01

220

TOPEX/POSEIDON: A United States/France Mission. Oceanography from Space: The Oceans and Climate.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The TOPEX/POSEIDON space mission, sponsored by NASA and France's space agency, the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), will give new observations of the Earth from space to gain a quantitative understanding of the role of ocean currents in climate ...

1992-01-01

221

Fisheries Oceanography in the Virgin Islands: Preliminary Results from a Collaborative Research Endeavor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A multi-species spawning aggregation located on the banks south of St. Thomas includes several economically important fish species, including dog snapper, yellowfin grouper, Nassau grouper, and tiger grouper. Increased fishing pressure on these banks has prompted the Caribbean Fisheries Council to take actions such as seasonally closing fishing grounds and establishing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). Due to a lack of biological and oceanographic data for the region, these management decisions have been based on professional judgment rather than scientific data. In response to this situation, NOAA scientists from SEFSC and AOML began an interdisciplinary field study in the region in 2007. Research cruises utilize biological sampling techniques such as MOCNESS, neuston, and bongo trawl tows simultaneously with standard physical sampling methods such as CTD/LADCP casts, hull- mounted water velocity measurements, and Lagrangian drifter deployments. The three year project aims to determine how the unprotected banks of the Virgin Islands and surrounding region, the seasonally closed banks and MPAs, and near-shore areas are ecologically linked in terms of larval dispersal, transport, and life history patterns. This collaboration should produce an assessment, based on scientific data, of the effectiveness of Caribbean Research Council management decisions and suggest modifications and improvements to current policy. Additionally, this project will also provide fisheries independent data, and develop ecological indices which can be integrated into stock assessment models. Analysis of data gathered during the project's first research cruise is yielding preliminary results. A total of 26,809 fish larvae were collected from the Grammanik and Red Hind Banks and surrounding regions. Of this total, 585 Serranidae (grouper) and 93 Lutjanidae (snapper) larval specimens were collected. Typical sampling transects included near-shore, shelf-break, and offshore regimes. The most economically important species were recovered at the near-shore sites, south of St. Thomas, St. John, and British Virgin Islands and not on the reef /shelf-break sites as expected. Concurrent Lagrangian drifter trajectories and shipboard ADCP measurements showed a high degree of variability in regional surface water flow. Possible transport pathways as related to the spatial distribution of the larvae collected and the physical oceanography observed will be discussed.

Smith, R. H.; Gerard, T. L.; Johns, E. M.; Lamkin, J. T.

2008-05-01

222

Climatic Atlas of the Arctic Seas 2004: Part 1. Database of the Barents, Kara, Laptev, and White Seas - Oceanography and Marine Biology. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 58.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Atlas presents primary data on meteorology, oceanography, and hydrobiology from the Barents, Kara, Laptev, and White Seas, which were collected by scientists from different countries during the period 1810-2001. The data format that we use in the ele...

A. Braunstein A. Buzan A. Zuyev G. Matishov L. Pavlova N. Adrov O. Fadyakin O. Katamusko S. Timofeev V. Golubev

2004-01-01

223

Developing small worlds of e-science: using quantum mechanics, biological science, and oceanography for education and outreach strategies for engaging research communities within a univeristy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The poster will use text, diagrams, screenshots, models, and developing e-science digital collections at Florida State University (FSU) Libraries as an experimental approach in developing a digital preservation management policy strategy that promotes current and future use of FSU Libraries digital assets. Scientific research from quantum mechanics, biological science, and oceanography research disciplines will be used as digital collection development

Smith Plato L. II; Sharon Schwerzel; Tamara Weatherholt

2010-01-01

224

From Scientist to Educator: Oceanography in the Formal and Informal Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The TOPEX\\/Poseidon and Jason-1 ocean altimeter missions offer the educator in the middle school or informal education venue a unique opportunity for reinforcing ocean science studies. Two new educational posters from the United States' NASA\\/Jet Propulsion Laboratory and France's Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales provide teachers and students a tool to examine topics such as the dynamics of ocean circulation, ocean

A. H. Richardson; M. Jasnow; M. S. Srinivasan; V. Rosmorduc; F. Blanc

2002-01-01

225

The Electronic Plant Information Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew presents the Electronic Plant Information Centre (ePIC), an online resource designed to serve as a single gateway to all digitized plant information generated by Kew. ePIC brings together Kew's major specimen, bibliographic, and taxonomic databases in an easy-to-search interface. Simply enter a scientific plant name into the search engine, and ePIC will retrieve all available information on record, as well as links to related information resources from external organizations. Search results may be downloaded as an email message. More information, including digital images and electronic documents, will be added to ePIC as it become available.

2002-01-01

226

Centre for Science and Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is a public-interest research and advocacy organization based in New Delhi, India. CSE promotes environmentally sound and equitable development strategies, with an emphasis on Indian environmental issues. The CSE web site includes pages on CSE initiatives: education and training programs, pollution monitoring, research and advocacy, and dissemination of information on a variety of issues, including air and water pollution, automobiles, diesel-powered vehicles and equipment, industry and mining, rainwater harvesting, conservation, and many others.

2005-01-16

227

Canada Centre for Remote Sensing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canada Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS) is responsible for the provision of a national service for the reception, processing, archiving and dissemination of remotely sensed data for Canada. Major features of the their homepage include a history of CCRS, a publications database, and a section of news articles and announcments. Additional links are provided to a glossary of terms and to an extensive set of outreach and educational materials for K-12 and higher levels. Sections on optical and radar imaging systems feature overviews of platforms and instruments, as well as imagery.

228

The Future of Europe's Financial Centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

he growth enjoyed by Europe's financial sector in recent years rendered the question of the future of its financial centres almost superfluous. It seemed as if many financial centres would continue to prosper in Europe - whether big or small, or specialised or regional. Recently, however, the meaning of the phrase 'single market' for financial centres has begun to take

Karel Lannoo

229

Operational evaluation of the Mediterranean Monitoring and Forecasting Centre products: implementation and results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A web-based validation platform has been developed at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) for the Near Real Time validation of the MyOcean-Mediterranean Monitoring and Forecasting Centre products (Med-MFC). A network for the collection of the in-situ observations, the nested sub-basin forecasting systems model data (provided by the partners of the Mediterranean Operational Oceanography Network, MOON) and the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) satellite data has been developed and is updated every day with the new available data. The network collects temperature, salinity, currents and sea level data. The validation of the biogeochemical forecast products is done by use of ocean colour satellite data produced for the Mediterranean Sea. All the data are organized in an ad hoc database interfaced with a dedicated software which allows interactive visualizations and statistics (CalVal SW). This tool allows to evaluate NRT products by comparison with independent observations for the first time. The heterogeneous distribution and the scarcity of moored observations reflect with large areas uncovered with measurements. Nevertheless, the evaluation of the forecast at the locations of observations could be very useful to discover sub-regions where the model performances can be improved, thus yielding an important complement to the basin-mean statistics regularly calculated for the Mediterranean MFC products using semi-independent observations.

Tonani, M.; Nilsson, J. A. U.; Lyubartsev, V.; Grandi, A.; Aydogdu, A.; Azzopardi, J.; Bolzon, G.; Bruschi, A.; Drago, A.; Garau, T.; Gatti, J.; Gertman, I.; Goldman, R.; Hayes, D.; Korres, G.; Lorente, P.; Malacic, V.; Mantziafou, A.; Nardone, G.; Olita, A.; Ozsoy, E.; Pairaud, I.; Pensieri, S.; Perivoliotis, L.; Petelin, B.; Ravaioli, M.; Renault, L.; Sofianos, S.; Sotillo, M. G.; Teruzzi, A.; Zodiatis, G.

2012-04-01

230

Southampton mealtime assistance study: design and methods  

PubMed Central

Background Malnutrition is common in older people in hospital and is associated with adverse clinical outcomes including increased mortality, morbidity and length of stay. This has raised concerns about the nutrition and diet of hospital in-patients. A number of factors may contribute to low dietary intakes in hospital, including acute illness and cognitive impairment among in-patients. The extent to which other factors influence intake such as a lack of help at mealtimes, for patients who require assistance with eating, is uncertain. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of using trained volunteer mealtime assistants to help patients on an acute medical ward for older people at mealtimes. Methods/design The study design is quasi-experimental with a before (year one) and after (year two) comparison of patients on the intervention ward and parallel comparison with patients on a control ward in the same department. The intervention in the second year was the provision of trained volunteer mealtime assistance to patients in the intervention ward. There were three components of data collection that were repeated in both years on both wards. The first (primary) outcome was patients’ dietary intake, collected as individual patient records and as ward-level balance data over 24 hour periods. The second was clinical outcome data assessed on admission and discharge from both wards, and 6 and 12 months after discharge. Finally qualitative data on the views and experience of patients, carers, staff and volunteers was collected through interviews and focus groups in both years to allow a mixed-method evaluation of the intervention. Discussion The study will describe the effect of provision of trained volunteer mealtime assistants on the dietary intake of older medical in-patients. The association between dietary intake and clinical outcomes including malnutrition risk, body composition, grip strength, length of hospital stay and mortality will also be determined. An important component of the study is the use of qualitative approaches to determine the views of patients, relatives, staff and volunteers on nutrition in hospital and the impact of mealtime assistance. Trial registration Trial registered with ClinicalTrials.gov NCTO1647204

2013-01-01

231

Journey to the Centre of Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

De nombreuses institutions locales utilisent, dans de véritables opérations de marketing territorial, une analogie entre centre géographique et centre géométrique du cercle pour valoriser leur localisation. Il s'agit là d'une conception particulière et étroite d'une idée plus riche et plus insaisissable. Le concept de centre est une construction économique et sociale mais il repose sur certains principes consensuels : l'accessibilité,

Jean-Marie HURIOT; Jacky PERREUR

1998-01-01

232

Centre for Economic Policy Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The London-based Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) is a European economics research organization with uniquely wide-ranging scope and activities including development of initiatives with the producers, consumers, and sponsors of research. The CEPR Website offers a searchable database of its publications (discussion papers, policy papers, reports and books, the CEPR Bulletin, and newsletter), information on its various research projects, data links (industrial, international trade, macroeconomics, labor, public policy), links to other European financial research organizations, and more. The text of the Bulletin and newsletter may be downloaded for free, while the other papers can be downloaded or ordered via subscription. The Hot Topics page covers issues related to the IMF, WTO, and EMU, economic growth and fluctuations in the European Union, regulation of network industries in Europe, etc. Meeting announcements, contact information for researchers, and a press page are also featured. Researchers and librarians, in particular, might wish to register a profile (free) allowing for online meeting registration, custom start pages, and email subscriptions. This site is worth a look by anyone interested in international economic policy.

233

The Canadian Astronomy Data Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Canadian Astronomy Data Centre (CADC) is the world's largest astronomical data center, holding over 0.5 Petabytes of information, and serving nearly 3000 astronomers worldwide. Its current data collections include BLAST, CFHT, CGPS, FUSE, Gemini, HST, JCMT, MACHO, MOST, and numerous other archives and services. It provides extensive data archiving, curation, and processing expertise, via projects such as MegaPipe, and enables substantial day-to-day collaboration between resident astronomers and computer specialists. It is a stable, powerful, persistent, and properly supported environment for the storage and processing of large volumes of data, a condition that is now absolutely vital for their science potential to be exploited by the community. Through initiatives such as the Common Archive Observation Model (CAOM), the Canadian Virtual Observatory (CVO), and the Canadian Advanced Network for Astronomical Research (CANFAR), the CADC is at the global forefront of advancing astronomical research through improved data services. The CAOM aims to provide homogeneous data access, and hence viable interoperability between a potentially unlimited number of different data collections, at many wavelengths. It is active in the definition of numerous emerging standards within the International Virtual Observatory, and several datasets are already available. The CANFAR project is an initiative to make cloud computing for storage and data-intensive processing available to the community. It does this via a Virtual Machine environment that is equivalent to managing a local desktop. Several groups are already processing science data. CADC is also at the forefront of advanced astronomical data analysis, driven by the science requirements of astronomers both locally and further afield. The emergence of 'Astroinformatics' promises to provide not only utility items like object classifications, but to directly enable new science by accessing previously undiscovered or intractable information. We are currently in the early stages of implementing Astroinformatics tools, such as machine learning, on CANFAR.

Ball, Nicholas M.; Schade, D.; Astronomy Data Centre, Canadian

2011-01-01

234

The Irish Centre for Talented Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conducting potency tests on penicillin, discussing rocket technology with a NASA astronaut, analysing animal bone fragments from medieval times, these are just some of the activities which occupy the time of students at The Irish Centre for Talented Youth. The Centre identifies young students with exceptional academic ability and then provides…

Gilheany, Sheila

2005-01-01

235

INTEGRATED PUBLIC TRANSPORT FACILITIES - MENLYN SHOPPING CENTRE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of the Menlyn Shopping Centre provided limited accommodation for public transportation and pedestrian access, relative to private vehicle parking. It was therefore necessary to accentuate the issue of public transportation for the centre, in line with the National Land Transport Transition Act, 2000. It is however, an accepted fact that the local authorities initiated this effort in reaction

K PILLAY

236

Beyond bureaucracy? Work organization in call centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Call centres are a rapidly growing, IT-based channel for service and sales delivery, particularly in the financial services and telecom industries. Although little research has been undertaken on the human resource aspects of call centres, two contrasting images are emerging. The first emphasizes the bureaucratic, constraining nature of these work settings, while the second image points towards worker empowerment characteristic

Stephen J. Frenkel; May Tam; Marek Korczynski; Karen Shire

1998-01-01

237

Promotion in Call Centres: Opportunities and Determinants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the quality of jobs in call centres by focusing on the opportunities for promotion in this sector. More specifically, the research questions focus on discovering whether promotion is common practise in the call centre sector and on identifying the factors that affect this.…

Gorjup, Maria Tatiana; Valverde, Mireia; Ryan, Gerard

2008-01-01

238

Student Centred Approaches: Teachers' Learning and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student centred approaches to teaching and learning in mathematics is one of the reforms currently being advocated and implemented to improve mathematics outcomes for students from low socio-economic status (SES) backgrounds. The models, meanings and practices of student centred approaches explored in this paper reveal that a constructivist model…

Vale, Colleen; Davies, Anne; Weaven, Mary; Hooley, Neil

2010-01-01

239

The role of the sexual assault centre.  

PubMed

Sexual Assault Centres provide multidisciplinary care for men and women who have experienced sexual crime. These centres enable provision of medical, forensic, psychological support and follow-up care, even if patients chose not to report the incident to the police service. Sexual Support Centres need to provide a ring-fenced, forensically clean environment. They need to be appropriately staffed and available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to allow prompt provision of medical and supportive care and collection of forensic evidence. Sexual Assault Centres work best within the context of a core agreed model of care, which includes defined multi-agency guidelines and care pathways, close links with forensic science and police services, and designated and sustainable funding arrangements. Additionally, Sexual Assault Centres also participate in patient, staff and community education and risk reduction. Furthermore, they contribute to the development, evaluation and implementation of national strategies on domestic, sexual and gender-based violence. PMID:22975433

Eogan, Maeve; McHugh, Anne; Holohan, Mary

2012-09-10

240

Towards Human-Centred Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of HCI has evolved and expanded dramatically since its origin in the early 1980’s. The HCI community embraces a large community of researchers and practitioners around the world, from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds in the human and social sciences, engineering and informatics, and more recently, the arts and design disciplines. This kaleidoscope of cultures and disciplines as seen at INTERACT Conferences provides a rich pool of resources for examining our field. Applications are increasingly exploring our full range of sensory modalities, and merging the digital and physical worlds. WiFi has opened up a huge design space for mobile applications. A focus on usability of products and services has been complemented by an emphasis on engagement, enjoyment and experience. With the advent of ubiquitous computing, and the emergence of “The Internet of Things”, new kinds of more open infrastructures make possible radically new kinds of applications. The sources of innovation have also broadened, to include human and social actors outside of the computing and design organizations. The question is to what extent is our mainstream thinking in the HCI field ready for the challenges of this Brave New World? Do the technological and social innovations that we see emerging require us to re-shape, or even, re-create, our field, or is it a case of a more gradual evolution and development of that which we already know? In this closing Keynote, I will provide a perspective on the evolution and development of the HCI field, looking backwards as well as forwards, in order to determine what are some of the changes of significance in the field. This “broad-brush” approach to what I term “ human-centred design” will be complemented by the examination of specific projects and applications, to help anchor some of the discussion. Areas such as user-centred design, participatory design, computer-supported cooperative work and learning, and interaction design, in which I have had some involvement over the years, will be mentioned. I will discuss the themes of “ecologies of artefacts”, appropriation, tinkering/bricolage, and the emergence of design anthropology, among other topics. The purpose of the talk is not to engage in a form of Futurism concerning the HCI field, but to examine some of the technical and social trends that can be observed, and to highlight some areas of particular significance that warrant further attention. I argue for a multi-layered approach that, while exploring new avenues of research concerning people’s use of technology, does not necessarily dismiss the corpus of knowledge we have built up over the years concerning human-computer interaction. From a personal perspective, issues such as means and ends, our underlying values, and concern for our fellow human beings in an increasingly fragile world, are issues that, while perhaps seen as outside the remit of a narrow HCI brief, impact on the field in significant ways. In this regard, discussions of our future should not be the preserve of techno-determinists, but be open to all. For example, ubiquitous computing can be involved in many scenarios, not only that of “Ambient Intelligence”. We need to engage in the development and critique of these different perspectives and approaches. Being able to work in and with multidisciplinary teams embodying distint, and at times conflicting perspectives, being able to communicate ones ideas and information across a variety of social and institutional boundaries, will become of great importance. Of particular concern, in the context of an IFIP INTERACT event, is the need to balance the heterogeneity of concepts and methods being used in research and practice with some form of quality control. Despite the heterogeneity of perspectives and disciplines nowadays involved in the field, I will argue that the HCI community, as a community, still does have a significant role to play in the development and evolution of useful, usable and enaging ICT-enabled infrastructures and applications.

Bannon, Liam J.

241

Constructing Knowledge of Marine Sediments in Introductory Geology and Oceanography Courses Using DSDP, ODP, and IODP Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lithologic data from 40 DSDP, ODP, and IODP scientific ocean drilling cores from the Pacific and North Atlantic oceans are the basis for an inquiry-based classroom exercise module for college introductory geology and oceanography courses. Part 1 of this exercise module is designed as an initial inquiry aimed at drawing out student beliefs and prior knowledge. In Parts 2-3 students observe and describe the physical characteristics of sediment cores using digital core photos, and determine the sediment composition using smear slide data and a decision tree. In Part 4 students combine their individual site data to construct a map showing the distribution of the primary marine sediment types of the Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans, and develop hypotheses to explain the distribution of the sediment types shown on their map. The transportable skills of observation, forming questions, plotting data, interpreting data, and scientific synthesis are embedded in this module, benefitting non-majors as well as majors. The exercise module was tested in the 2008 School of Rock program and the 2008 Urbino Summer School for Paleoceanography, and is currently being tested in undergraduate courses at James Madison University, North Hennipen Community College, St. Cloud State University and University of Massachusetts, Amherst in classes that range in size from 16 students to >150 students. The student worksheets, instructor guide, and preliminary evaluation data will be presented.

St. John, K. E.; Leckie, R. M.; Jones, M. H.; Pound, K. S.; Pyle, E. J.

2008-12-01

242

The politics of patient-centred care.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Despite widespread belief in the importance of patient-centred care, it remains difficult to create a system in which all groups work together for the good of the patient. Part of the problem may be that the issue of patient-centred care itself can be used to prosecute intergroup conflict. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study of texts examined the presence and nature of intergroup language within the discourse on patient-centred care. METHODS: A systematic SCOPUS and Google search identified 85 peer-reviewed and grey literature reports that engaged with the concept of patient-centred care. Discourse analysis, informed by the social identity approach, examined how writers defined and portrayed various groups. RESULTS: Managers, physicians and nurses all used the discourse of patient-centred care to imply that their own group was patient centred while other group(s) were not. Patient organizations tended to downplay or even deny the role of managers and providers in promoting patient centredness, and some used the concept to advocate for controversial health policies. Intergroup themes were even more obvious in the rhetoric of political groups across the ideological spectrum. In contrast to accounts that juxtaposed in-groups and out-groups, those from reportedly patient-centred organizations defined a 'mosaic' in-group that encompassed managers, providers and patients. CONCLUSION: The seemingly benign concept of patient-centred care can easily become a weapon on an intergroup battlefield. Understanding this dimension may help organizations resolve the intergroup tensions that prevent collective achievement of a patient-centred system. PMID:23701178

Kreindler, Sara A

2013-05-22

243

University of Canterbury: Biomathematics Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Stationed at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand, the Biomathematics Research Centre addresses contemporary problems in biology using mathematical, statistical, and computer science applications. Examples of ongoing research projects at the Biomathematics Research Centre include: statistical applications in ecology and medicine, computational molecular biology and phylogenetics, and analysis of dynamic biological processes using differential equations. The Centre website offers information about faculty, future conferences and workshops, and post-graduate scholarships. The site also contains a list of related links, and lists of publications and annual reports from 1998-2003.

244

Centre-of-mass state vectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The properties of centre-of-mass systems at high energies are discussed, and the single time form of field theory is used to set up state vectors that describe the simpler centre-of-mass states of fields. These states, which are labelled by the eigenvalues of total angular momentum, are expanded in terms of the spherical harmoinc resolution of the fields about a fixed

1956-01-01

245

Tracking cold bottom water in the Gargano Peninsula and Bari Canyon regions of the Adriatic using seismic oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tracking cold, dense bottom water from conventional ship sampling is difficult - equipment safety concerns result in incomplete sampling near the seafloor, and lateral variability can be significant. Mooring time series are poor at mapping dense water vein spatial extents and can even completely miss sampling narrow veins. The relatively new technique of seismic oceanography (SO) could potentially provide a new way of identifying and characterizing these bottom waters that is not as subject to the constraints and difficulties of present methods. Furthermore, combining SO with conventional sampling is particularly appealing for better characterization of the quick and small scales of dense water cascades and bottom trapped phenomenon.. There is a relationship between oceanic temperatures and the seismic data such that seismic images can be made to represent a quantitative measure of vertical temperature gradient through much of the water column and even very near the seafloor. The SO technique involves towing a low frequency, broadband (20-250 Hz) sound source (such as an air gun array) and a long, 600-1200 m, array of hydrophones. SO uses much lower frequencies than conventional Acoustical Oceanography (AO) techniques, and is affected by the acoustic impedance (product of sound speed and density) directly, not via proxy such as impurities or biota in the water. The sound pulses reflect off the (mostly temperature) contrasts in the water, and are recorded on the hydrophone array, creating an image of temperature gradient. Because the reflection coefficients are small, signal-enhancing techniques such as synthetic aperture (common midpoint binning) processing is required. The images generated using SO allow for the tracking of very thin (less than 10 m thick) bottom currents provided that the temperature contrast between the bottom, and overlying water is strong enough (0.3 to 1.2 degrees C, depending on acoustic noise levels) and abrupt enough (10-15 meters). The lateral resolution of the SO technique is similar to the vertical resolution - therefore adequate to detect changes over as little as 5-10 meters. The images are not an instantaneous snap-shot, but occur over a finite time. Each column of image pixels is a combination of sound pulses that occur over 2-4 minutes, depending on source fire rate and ship speed. In March of 2009 an international SO field effort (AdriaSeismic09) took place the Gargano Peninsula, and Bari Canyon areas of the southern Adriatic Sea. On several seismic profiles through these areas a layer of cold bottom water, between 7 and 10 m thick is clearly imaged. Temperatures in the overlying water typically ranged from 12.5 to 13.5 degrees C, and those of the bottom water typically ranged from 12.0 to 12.5 degrees C. Some of these thin bottom water masses were observed in shallow, coastal waters about 100 m deep and some were as deep as 350m. Undulations with later wavelength of 500m and shorter, and amplitudes of several meters are clearly visible in the upper surfaces of the cold water masses.

Wood, Warren; Book, Jeffrey; Carniel, Sandro; Lindwall, Dennis; Bortoluzzi, Giovanni; Hobbs, Richard

2010-05-01

246

New Horizons in Global Trace Metal Oceanography: the Global Distribution of Pb, Pb Isotope, Fe, and Fe Colloids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the most recent epoch of inorganic and isotopic exploration of the global ocean (GEOSECS), trace element oceanography was in its infancy: GEOSECS obtained a global database for Ba, but apart from the analysis of Cd, Cu, Ni, and Mn in some samples from the project, the ocean was left largely unexplored for its trace element secrets. In subsequent decades, trace metal capabilities have advanced enormously, yet no global scale efforts to understand trace metals in the ocean have been mounted. The field has been the purview of small single investigator and limited process-oriented project science. This paucity of global scale trace metal investigation has occurred despite global scale oceanographic surveys (WOCE) and despite increasing recognition of the role of elements such as iron in regulating the global oceanic metabolism. It has also occurred despite increasingly sophisticated analytical and sampling technology progress, where many trace elements can be analyzed shipboard or on very small samples (10 ml or less) with sampling methods that collect large numbers of samples in an economical fashion. We argue that the time is ripe for new global-scale surveys of the trace metal composition of the ocean. It is scandalous that we are forced to model the oceanic behavior of an essential element such as iron lacking an even rudimentary description of its global distribution. The addition of a single profile in the Antarctic or near Hawaii can set the whole field on its head. As examples, we will present data on the distribution of Pb, Pb isotopes ratios, Fe, and Fe colloid distributions obtained in the past few years by plasma mass spectrometry. The utility of Pb as a measure of anthropogenic influence on ocean chemistry and as a tracer of ocean ventilation will be demonstrated, and the prospect for a global Fe database illuminated.

Boyle, E. A.; Reuer, M. K.

2001-12-01

247

High precision finite-differences time-domain direct modelling of wave equation for seismic oceanography experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Holbrook et al. (2003) demonstrated recently the possibility of visualizing fine structures in the water column, like thermohaline intrusion or internal waves, through seismic exploration experiments. Seismic exploration is becoming a popular technique for providing high-lateral resolution images of the explored area, in contrast with the classical oceanography probes, like XBT or XCDT. In this work we present a wave propagation model based upon a high order finite-differences time-domain (FDTD) scheme which includes special absorbing conditions in the boundaries. FDTD algorithms are known for presenting problems with reflections on the computational edges. Classical boundary conditions, like those of Engquist, provide reflection coefficients or the order of 10-2. However, reflection coefficients of fine structures in the water we are trying to model are about 10-4. Thus, the key point of the algorithm we present is in the implementation of Perfectly Matched Layer (PML) boundary conditions. These consist in zones with high absorption (therefore, very low reflection coefficient). The PML implemented in this scheme consists in a second order algorithm in the time domain, to take advantage of its stability and convergence properties. In this work we specify the propagation algorithm, and compare it results with the with Engquist and PML absorbing boundaries conditions. The PML condition affords reflection coefficients in the numerical edges lower than 10-4. Holbrook, W.S., Paramo, P., Pearse, S. and Schmitt, R.W., 2003. Thermohaline fine structure in an oceanographic front from seismic reflection profiling. Science, 301, 821-824.

Sallares, V.; Kormann, J.; Cobo, P.; Biescas, B.; Carbonell, R.

2007-05-01

248

Incident and Emergency Centre of the IAEA.  

PubMed

The Incident and Emergency Centre of the International Atomic Emergency Agency is the global focal point for preparedness, event reporting, and response to nuclear and radiological incidents and emergencies irrespective of their cause. The Centre continuously works to develop standards and guidance for strengthening Member States' preparedness; develops practical tools and training programs to assist Member States in promptly applying the standards and guidance; and organizes a variety of training events and exercises. The Centre evaluates national plans and assists in their development; facilitates effective communication between countries; develops response procedures; and supports national exercises. The Centre provides access to multiple information resources; assesses trends that may influence crisis and consequence management plans and response; and develops and continuously enhances methodology for identifying conditions needed for early warning and response. The Centre provides around-the-clock assistance to Member States in dealing with nuclear and radiological events, including security related events through timely and efficient services and the provision of a coordinated international response to such emergencies. PMID:20445379

Baciu, Florian; Buglova, Elena; Martincic, Rafael; Spiegelberg Planer, Rejane; Stern, Warren; Winkler, Guenther

2010-06-01

249

Emotional intelligence and patient-centred care  

PubMed Central

The principles of patient-centred care are increasingly stressed as part of health care policy and practice. Explanations for why some practitioners seem more successful in achieving patient-centred care vary, but a possible role for individual differences in personality has been postulated. One of these, emotional intelligence (EI), is increasingly referred to in health care literature. This paper reviews the literature on EI in health care and poses a series of questions about the links between EI and patient-centred outcomes. Papers concerning empirical examinations of EI in a variety of settings were identified to determine the evidence base for its increasing popularity. The review suggests that a substantial amount of further research is required before the value of EI as a useful concept can be substantiated.

Birks, Yvonne F; Watt, Ian S

2007-01-01

250

Should patient safety be more patient centred?  

PubMed

In a patient-centred health system the views, experiences and rights of the patient drive the way that care is delivered. There is now an increasing emphasis on patient-centredness as an essential characteristic of safe and high quality care, but to date the involvement of patients in patient safety activities has been limited. The views and priorities of patients are not always valued in safety and quality work, and their perspectives are rarely included in activities such as incident investigation. We propose six areas of action to make patient safety more patient centred and hypothesise that the replacement of industrial safety models with a patient-centred model of safety culture will improve clinicians' ability to engage with safety initiatives. PMID:20128754

Jorm, Christine M; Dunbar, Nicola; Sudano, Leena; Travaglia, Joanne F

2009-08-01

251

International Soil Reference and Information Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC), which is associated with the Centre for Development and Environment, University of Berne, Switzerland, aims to "provide a better understanding of soils and to promote sustainable use of the land." The ISRIC Web site gives visitors several areas to explore, but of special note are the reports and publications link within the publications page, which contains downloadable annual and biannual reports, conference proceedings, soil briefs, technical papers, and more. These publications have been authored or co-authored by staff members, and guest researchers of ISRIC or the former International Soil Museum.

2008-01-01

252

International Soil Reference and Information Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC), which is associated with the Centre for Development and Environment, University of Berne, Switzerland, aims to "provide a better understanding of soils and to promote sustainable use of the land." The ISRIC Web site gives visitors several areas to explore, but of special note are the reports and publications link within the publications page, which contains downloadable annual and biannual reports, conference proceedings, soil briefs, technical papers, and more. These publications have been authored or co-authored by staff members, and guest researchers of ISRIC or the former International Soil Museum.

2001-01-01

253

Extraction of centre line from curvilinear objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This tutorial paper surveys three methods designed to detect the centre line in curvilinear structures. These are the iterative thinning, Steger's and derivatives' methods. We aim to illustrate the effectivness of the chosen methods for processing laser-trace images and magnetic resonance slices of human head. The essence of each three methods is presented and important parameters are discussed. Experiments have been carried out and results are discussed in the light of the quality of the centre line produced and work time of all three methods.

Rokicki, J.; Matiukas, V.; Ušinskas, A.; Adaškevi?ius, R.

2011-03-01

254

Centre for the Popularisation of Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at the University of Wales, the Centre for the Popularisation of Mathematics brings a more artistic side to the often plainly presented subject. Several online exhibits and galleries illustrate sculptures and knots that have a basis in math. One of the most interesting and famous mathematical sculptures is the Mobius Band. The centre gives a description of the Mobius Band and its significance, as well as instructions on how to create one and interesting experiments to try. Many other sculptures are presented in the same way, touching on topics of fractals and mathematics. The Knots Exhibition briefly introduces knot theory and shows many different knot configurations.

255

Deep Thermal Front (southeastern Brazilian coast) see through acoustics: a preliminary study from an operational oceanography perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The continental shelf region off the southeastern Brazilian coast (between 20°S and 28°S) is characterized by intrusions of the relatively cold and fertile South Atlantic Central Water (SACW) from the open ocean. Prediction and monitoring of this water mass are topics of great interest given its importance, for example, on climate, carbon cycle, fishing, mariculture, nutrients and pollutants dispersion, and for the oil industry. The intersection of the 18°C isotherm with the seafloor is appointed in the literature as a good tracer for SACW presence on the continental shelf and also to characterize the Deep Thermal Front (DTF) [Castro, 1996]. Among different factors that drive the SACW penetration on the continental shelf, one prominent mechanism is the water transport driven by the conditions of NE-E wind forcing. These winds varies seasonally, and they are prevalent during the spring and summer months. During these months, the water column is generally stratified due the combined effects of solar heating and DTF presence. In contrast, the reverse effect is characteristic in winter, when the water column is nearly homogeneous, relatively colder on the surface and relatively warm close to the bottom. Consequently, the sound speed field changes and thus the acoustic rays are propagated with different characteristics depending on presence, absence or DTF position. Considering this information, acoustics may provide an additional source of data that supplements the other conventional methods (e.g., hydrographic moorings and cruises, buoys, gliders, and others) for tracking and monitoring the front movement. In addition, it is worth emphasizing that acoustic methods present one interesting advantage in that they are able to sample the water column over large three-dimensional distances on an effectively synoptic scale. In this paper, a preliminary study of acoustic propagation modelling through one vertical section off the Brazilian southeastern coast at Cananéia region (state of São Paulo) is presented. Theorical temperature and salinity fields with differents conditions of DTF position are used for the calculations. Notable variations in the transmission loss field, rays propagations and time arrivals are found when the DTF is moving. These results support the idea that acoustics can be an interesting tool in monitoring and tracking of DTF movement, especially in the context of an intregrated program of observational oceanography and numerical ocean modeling.

Ponsoni, L.; Hermand, J.-P.; da Silveira, I. C. A.

2012-04-01

256

Endogent: Centre for Anatomy and Invasive Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

The invention of new endoscopical techniques for surgery and interventional radiology demand improved training at post- graduate level. The Endogent Centre for Anatomy and Invasive Techniques support these requirements by establishing hands-on practical training courses by using new procedures for cadaver embalming. Cadavers fixed by conventional pro- cedures using formalin for conservation, are of limited use for practical surgical courses

Ingrid Kerckaert; Tom Van Hoof; Piet Pattyn; Katharina D'Herde

2008-01-01

257

Central Banking Training at The SEACEN Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a paper delivered at the IMF-UNDP Seminar on Training of Government Officials in Techniques of Macroeconomic Management in Transition Economics: A Review of Experience and Future Needs held in July 1992, Washington, D.C. The paper outlines the development of central banking training activities at The SEACEN Centre from the period 1972 to 1992.

Vicente B. Valdepeñas Jr.

258

Women's International Centre for Economic Development (WICED)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The gender gap in enterprise has been part of an ongoing debate on economic development for over 20 years. In an attempt to tackle this deficit Train 2000, the UK's largest dedicated women's enterprise support organisation supported by its partners Liverpool City Council, Liverpool Vision, and an international panel of leading experts are developing the Women's International Centre

Maggie OCarroll; Helen Millne

2010-01-01

259

Build Your Own Interactive Science Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The value of creating an interactive science centre in a school context is explored. Practical advice is given about how to go about this, and its possible impact on the school and the improved perceptions of science are discussed. (Contains 12 figures and 3 resources.)|

Williams, John

2008-01-01

260

European drug information centres ? survey of activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A questionnaire survey of European drug information centres (DICs) was conducted. DICs mentioned in the ESCP directories and other sources were identified and contacted. Information on basic characteristics was obtained: affiliation, the scope of activities, employees, question-answer service characteristics, information sources and the economic aspects of the DICs' work. Information from 84 DICs was analysed (return rate = 71.3%). DICs

H. Müllerová; J. Vl?ek

1998-01-01

261

Italian drug information centres: benchmark report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Pharmacist-operated Drug Information Centres (DICs) in Italy were surveyed to gather current information concerning the status, availability and scope of their services. Methods: 40 DICs were identified and a questionnaire was mailed to them. Topics covered in the questionnaire included staffing, resources, activities and services. The results were compared with previous survey results to identify trends. Results: Information from

D. Scala; A. Bracco; S. Cozzolino; A. Cristinziano; C. De Marino; A. Di Martino; E. Gonzalez; A. Mancini; F. Romagnuolo; L. Zeuli

2001-01-01

262

National Centre for Technology in Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Centre for Technology in Education is an Irish Government agency established to provide advice, support and information on the use of information and communications technology (ICT) in education and in the classroom. 32 "Advice" sheets cover topics that range from digital cameras to viruses. Product suggestions and purchasing guidelines are given as well.

2010-06-24

263

In the Field: The Canadian Ecology Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Canadian Ecology Centre (Ontario) offers year-round residential and day programs in outdoor and environmental education for secondary students, field placement and internship opportunities for college students, and ecotourism programs, while providing employment and tax revenues to the local community. Dubbed consensus environmentalism, the…

Magee, Clare

2000-01-01

264

Western Canadian Centre of Specialization in Deafness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Western Canadian Centre of Specialization in Deafness (WCCSD) is in Edmonton, Alberta, a consortium designed to facilitate postsecondary access for the deaf and hearing impaired; accommodate special student needs; provide leadership in program development throughout the region; and function as a research, training, and development base in the…

Carver, Roger

1986-01-01

265

Self Assessment and Student-Centred Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper seeks to show how self assessment facilitates student-centred learning (SCL) and fills a gap in the literature. Two groups of students were selected from a single class in a tertiary educational institution. The control group of 25 was selected randomly by the tossing of an unbiased coin (heads = control group). They were trained in the…

McDonald, Betty

2012-01-01

266

Early Childhood Centre Administrator Certification. Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents the process for obtaining certification for the position of early childhood centre administrator (ECCA) in Nova Scotia, Canada. Following an introduction describing the development of the process and its pilot testing, Chapter 1 of the document details the four-step process: (1) application, including training in the ECCA…

Ferguson, E. Elaine

267

How Person-Centred Is Active Support?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Much has been made of the advantages of active support and person-centred planning, both of which have gradually been evolving and changing over the last 25-30 years. The latter is now mandated in the UK as part of the "Valuing People" strategy on disability (Department of Health UK, 2001), and is also central to the follow-up policy document,…

Harman, Anthony D.; Sanderson, Helen

2008-01-01

268

Body Centred Interaction in Immersive Virtual Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper is funded by the U.K. Science and EngineeringResearch Council (SERC), and Department of Trade and Industry, through grant CTA\\/2 ofthe London Parallel Applications Centre. Thanks to Anthony Steed for his continued helpwith the experiments described in this paper. The Virtual Treadmill is the subject of a patentapplication in the UK and other countries.

Mel Slater; Martin Usoh

1994-01-01

269

The Centre for Reproductive Biology in Uppsala  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The primary function of the Centre for Reproductive Biology in Uppsala (CRU) "is to increase the knowledge about reproduction in animals and humans by applying a more comprehensive view on reproductive biology." CRU is composed of scientists from both Uppsala University and the Swedish University of Agricultural Science. The CRU site contains information about a number of publications, and contact information for CRU members.

2007-10-24

270

UV LED lighting for automated crystal centring.  

PubMed

A direct outcome of the exponential growth of macromolecular crystallography is the continuously increasing demand for synchrotron beam time, both from academic and industrial users. As more and more projects entail screening a profusion of sample crystals, fully automated procedures at every level of the experiments are being implemented at all synchrotron facilities. One of the major obstacles to achieving such automation lies in the sample recognition and centring in the X-ray beam. The capacity of UV light to specifically react with aromatic residues present in proteins or with DNA base pairs is at the basis of UV-assisted crystal centring. Although very efficient, a well known side effect of illuminating biological samples with strong UV sources is the damage induced on the irradiated samples. In the present study the effectiveness of a softer UV light for crystal centring by taking advantage of low-power light-emitting diode (LED) sources has been investigated. The use of UV LEDs represents a low-cost solution for crystal centring with high specificity. PMID:21169682

Chavas, Leonard M G; Yamada, Yusuke; Hiraki, Masahiko; Igarashi, Noriyuki; Matsugaki, Naohiro; Wakatsuki, Soichi

2010-11-05

271

UV LED lighting for automated crystal centring  

PubMed Central

A direct outcome of the exponential growth of macromolecular crystallography is the continuously increasing demand for synchrotron beam time, both from academic and industrial users. As more and more projects entail screening a profusion of sample crystals, fully automated procedures at every level of the experiments are being implemented at all synchrotron facilities. One of the major obstacles to achieving such automation lies in the sample recognition and centring in the X-ray beam. The capacity of UV light to specifically react with aromatic residues present in proteins or with DNA base pairs is at the basis of UV-assisted crystal centring. Although very efficient, a well known side effect of illuminating biological samples with strong UV sources is the damage induced on the irradiated samples. In the present study the effectiveness of a softer UV light for crystal centring by taking advantage of low-power light-emitting diode (LED) sources has been investigated. The use of UV LEDs represents a low-cost solution for crystal centring with high specificity.

Chavas, Leonard M. G.; Yamada, Yusuke; Hiraki, Masahiko; Igarashi, Noriyuki; Matsugaki, Naohiro; Wakatsuki, Soichi

2011-01-01

272

Atlanta Reproductive Health Centre (ARHC) WWW  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Atlanta Reproductive Health Centre: Learn more about women's health issues such as infertility and endometriosis. An online book for couples describing infertility treatment is included. A photo gallery illustrates various problems that result in pelvic pain and infertility. Various surgical treatments are shown. Text and graphics explore the latest in high-tech fertility options.

Perloe, Mark.

1997-01-01

273

In the Field: The Canadian Ecology Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Canadian Ecology Centre (Ontario) offers year-round residential and day programs in outdoor and environmental education for secondary students, field placement and internship opportunities for college students, and ecotourism programs, while providing employment and tax revenues to the local community. Dubbed consensus environmentalism, the…

Magee, Clare

2000-01-01

274

Managing Capacity at Sparsh Call Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bangalore based Sparsh Call Centre was set up as a subsidiary of the major telecom software company IP-Trinity, with ambitious plans of becoming a significant player in the booming BPO (business process outsourcing) space. Its strategy, in line with that of its parent group, was to focus on telecom related services. Sparsh began its operations in 2002 with its first

T. T. Niranjan; Samir K. Srivastava

2008-01-01

275

Medication errors: pharmacovigilance centres in detection and prevention  

PubMed Central

Detecting medication errors needs collaboration between various organizations, such as patient safety institutions, pharmacovigilance centres, and poison control centres. In order to evaluate the input of pharmacovigilance centres and poison control centres in detecting and evaluating medication errors a pilot project was initiated by the World Alliance for Patient Safety in collaboration with the Uppsala Monitoring Centre; the Moroccan pharmacovigilance centre acted as project coordinator. As part of this project, a questionnaire on detecting medication errors was circulated to pharmacovigilance centres and poison control centres around the world, in order to assess their ability to detect and analyse medication errors. The results showed that through their databases pharmacovigilance centres can detect, identify, analyse, and classify medication errors and carry out root cause analysis, which is an important tool in preventing medication errors. The duties of pharmacovigilance centres in preventing medication errors include informing health-care professionals about the importance of reporting such errors and creating a culture of patient safety. Pharmacovigilance centres aim to prevent medication errors in collaboration with poison control centres. Such collaboration allows improved detection and improved preventive strategies. In addition, collaboration with regulatory authorities is important in finalizing decisions. Collaboration between pharmacovigilance centres and poison control centres should be strengthened and bridges need to be built linking pharmacovigilance centres, poison control centres, and organizations dedicated to patient safety, in order to avoid duplication of workload.

Bencheikh, Rachida Soulaymani; Benabdallah, Ghita

2009-01-01

276

Town centre management (TCM): a case study of Achmore  

Microsoft Academic Search

Town centre vitality and viability is of importance to a range of stakeholders: users, producers and intermediaries. Within the stakeholder grouping of intermediaries, town centre management (TCM) is a co-ordinated response – of public and private sectors – through which the town centre “product” can be managed and developed. Utilising evidence from a range of Scottish town centres, this case

Andrew Paddison

2003-01-01

277

Schedule for Interdisciplinary Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This class schedule, submitted by Dr. Robert Stewart of Texas A & M University, lays out the topics of discussion by day of class. One of the first days is devoted to a problem-based learning module where the students download information about the 12/26/04 tsunami from the web and forming opinions about what happened and why. The next day is devoted to the relationships between earthquakes, geologic setting and tsunamis as well as early warning systems.

Stewart, Robert H.; Texas A&M

278

Capturing Excitement: Oceanography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes four elementary school earth science activities. Each student experience is designed to help children answer questions about the ocean floor, continental drift, volcanism and mountain chains. Includes a bibliography of related articles, books, and maps. (JM)

Boyer, Robert E.; Butts, David P.

1971-01-01

279

Oceanography: Deep ocean freshening  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The traditional view of the open ocean is that surface waters should change faster and that the deep waters should be relatively stable. Now research shows that the depths of the Southern Ocean are also rapidly freshening and warming, and that these changes are spreading towards the Equator.

Bindoff, Nathaniel L.; Hobbs, William R.

2013-10-01

280

Oceanography and Mine Warfare.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Environmental information is important for successful planning and execution of naval operations. To ensure that naval forces have the most up-to- date capacities, ONR has extensive environmental research program. To increase research community understand...

2000-01-01

281

Existing operational oceanography  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews operational systems used for real-time prediction of tides, surges and waves in northwest Europe. The review takes the form of a ‘snapshot’ of models, related observing systems and dissemination procedures in use early in 1999. A brief account of surge, tide and wave dynamics and factors influencing them combined with regional factors such as water depth, shallow

Roger A. Flather

2000-01-01

282

Oceanography: Recycling bottom waters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The formation and flow of deep water around Antarctica contributes to the global ocean circulation. New measurements report the strongest flow speeds recorded so far in a current below 3,000 m depth, and help to document a pathway for Antarctic Bottom Water.

Orsi, Alejandro H.

2010-05-01

283

Chemical Sensors in Oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

About 40 years ago, I served as graduate student labor on the International Indian Ocean Expedition, where I carried out what seemed to be vast numbers of routine chemical analyses of sea water. I vowed, as have many others, that on my return I would find a better way. From this effort, the first uses of “autoanalyzers” for sea water emerged. Over the years, the demand for fundamental scientific data from the oceans has increased enormously, as has the range of properties and the need for precision and rapidity. The recent global ocean survey of carbon dioxide and related properties carried out by the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study, and World Ocean Circulation Experiment, cruises is but one example of the huge effort involved. There has long been a desire for a set of sophisticated yet robust sensors that would do the job with minimum labor and produce data of maximum quality in environments ranging from the sea surface to the ocean floor. This is quite a tall order!

Brewer, Peter G.

284

Oceanography of Europa  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Europa maintains a global liquid water ocean located between a lower silicate mantle and an upper ice shell. If ice-ocean interactions affect the ice shell, oceanographic processes may be tested through their implications for surface geology. Chaos terrain, in particular, is thought to be a surficial indicator of high heat flow. These regions of disrupted ice occur over a wide range of spatial scales and tend to be concentrated at low latitudes, a puzzling result if they were formed by tidal heating. Here we present a three-dimensional numerical model of weakly-rotating thermal convection in a thin spherical shell and show that heat from the interior is preferentially emitted in a low latitude band. We further predict that oceanic thermal plumes are short-lived structures unlikely to remain intact between the silicate-ocean and ocean-ice interfaces due to vigorous, poorly-organized convective motions. These flows cause the ocean to be well-mixed near the equator, while thermal and compositional gradients may be maintained toward the poles. Our results imply that oceanic heat transfer may directly influence the thermo-compositional state of the ice shell, consistent with chaos terrain distribution.

Soderlund, Krista M.; Schmidt, B. E.; Blankenship, D. D.; Wicht, J.

2012-10-01

285

Setting up an alcohol treatment centre.  

PubMed

In the emergency unit at University Hospital of Wales (UHW), Cardiff, a rise in the number of patients presenting with alcohol intoxication was reducing the amount of clinical space available to, and affecting the care of, other patients. In response, an alcohol treatment centre (ATC) staffed by emergency nurse practitioners, healthcare assistants and police officers was set up and piloted for three months in the city centre to ensure that people who were severely intoxicated could be managed safely without attending the emergency unit at UHW. This article describes the collaborative approach adopted to launch the three-month pilot project and discusses findings from a review of the ATC conducted when the pilot had ended. These findings indicate that severely intoxicated patients at low or moderate risk had been diverted from the emergency unit to the ATC and that clinical care in the unit, and police and ambulance services, had improved as a result. PMID:24106859

Brewster-Liddle, James; Parsons, Wayne; Moore, Simon

2013-10-01

286

[Medico-psychology centres and prevention].  

PubMed

The local sector policy put in place by the circular of 15th March 1960 remains an efficient public health tool in that it supports the whole community and not just patients. It is developed around three main areas--prevention, treatment and rehabilitation. By encouraging patients to become actively involved in their treatment programme, it corresponds to the objective of community-based healthcare of which the medico-psychology centre remains a linchpin. PMID:21574305

Faucon-Martin, Hélène

2011-04-01

287

Electronic nose simulation tool centred on PSpice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic noses consist of an array of non-selective gas sensors with a pattern recognition engine. The sensors and pattern recognition methods depend on the specific application. The design process of electronic noses usually involves time-consuming measurements in a non-standard trial and error process. This paper addresses the problem by using an electronic nose simulation tool centred on PSpice. Using previously

E. Llobet; J. Rubio; X. Vilanova; J. Brezmes; X. Correig; J. W. Gardner; E. L. Hines

2001-01-01

288

NEVEC: The NOVA ESO VLTI Expertise Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper gives an overview of the NOVA ESO VLTI Expertise Centre (NEVEC) activities which include work on MIDI, PRIMA, next generation VLTI instruments, VLTI’s calibrators program,\\u000a instrument models, data formats, commissioning, education, algorithm development, and scientific exploitation of VLTI data.\\u000a Special attention is given to the Dutch interest to participate in the development of next generation VLTI instruments.

Eric Bakker; George Miley; Rens Waters; Rudolf Le Poole; Walter Jaffe; Huub Röttgering; Isabelle Percheron; Jeff Meisner; Jeroen Jong; Dap Hartmann; Bill Cotton; Björn Heijligers; Roy Boekel; Andreas Glindemann; Luigi d’Arcio; Wilfried Boland

2002-01-01

289

European Virtual Atomic Data Centre - VAMDC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Virtual Atomic and Molecular Data Centre (http://www.vamdc.eu, VAMDC) is an European Union funded FP7 project aiming to build a secure, documented, flexible and interoperable e-science environment-based interface to existing atomic and molecular data. It will also provide a forum for training potential users and dissemination of expertise worldwide. This review describes the VAMDC project and its objectives.

Dimitrijevi?, Milan S.; Sahal-Bréchot, Sylvie; Kova?evi?, Andjelka; Jevremovi?, Darko; Popovi?, Luka ?.

2010-11-01

290

Complement activation in human lymphoid germinal centres.  

PubMed Central

The presence of complement activation products has been studied in morphologically normal human lymphatic tissue from tonsil, spleen and lymph node. Newly established monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with reactivity against the C4 cleavage fragments C4a, C4b, C4c and C4d were applied on cyrostat sections in the indirect immunoperoxidase staining technique. Irrespective of organ type, C4d activation product could be detected in germinal centres of all secondary lymphoid follicles. To substantiate this finding, the complete sequence of complement activation products was investigated by a series of mono- and polyclonal antibodies to the complement proteins C1, C2, C3, factor B, C5, C9 to C5b-9 neoantigens and to the regulatory complement proteins C4 binding protein (C4bp), factor I, factor H and properdin. Similar to C4d, all secondary follicles exhibited a strong staining reaction for C3d antigens restricted to germinal centres. At the same site, albeit with distinctly weaker intensity, components of the membrane attack complex (MAC) C5b-9 were found. The simultaneous deposition of C1, C4b and C4bp in certain germinal centres indicates that complement activation is induced via the classical pathway. Concomitant deposition of IgM suggests IgM-antigen complexes that have been trapped on follicular dendritic cells (FDC) during normal immune response as the most likely candidates for activators of the classical pathway. Our data demonstrate that human lymphoid germinal centres as important sites of immune regulation closely interrelate with the complete cascade of complement-activation products, including the membrane attack complex (MAC). Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4

Zwirner, J; Felber, E; Schmidt, P; Riethmuller, G; Feucht, H E

1989-01-01

291

Triplets: experience in a tertiary centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesTo review triplet pregnancies managed within a single tertiary centre.MethodA retrospective review of triplet pregnancies from 2004 to 2010 at Leeds General Infirmary.ResultsThere were 17 sets of triplets: 9 trichorionic; 5 monochorionic diamniotic with a singleton and 3 monochorionic. 1 patient accepted reduction, 1 pregnancy spontaneously reduced and 1 abrupted at 22 weeks. 1 patient developed twin to twin transfusion

M Rathod; E Ferriman

2010-01-01

292

The role of an academic centre.  

PubMed

On FRAME's 40th anniversary, I had the opportunity to examine FRAME and CAAT's missions as closely linked to those of their universities. The roles of education, research and service are key, both to the universities and to our two centres. By examining the current programmes, and identifying the needs of the future, the research activities, policy studies and training, it becomes clear that the Three Rs of alternatives contribute significantly to our respective universities' missions. PMID:20105006

Goldberg, Alan M

2009-12-01

293

La recherche de granulats en region centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé  Le lit de la Loire reste la principale ressource de granulats de la Région Centre. Pourtant, à la suite des désordres dûs\\u000a à son abaissement, la groupe consultatif interministériel présidé par Monsieur l'Ingénieur Général des Ponts & Chaussées FOUCAUD,\\u000a a conclu à la nécessité de limiter les extractions de sables et graviers dans le lit vif du fleuve.\\u000a \\u000a Pour cette

S. Chevrel; P. Maillard

1984-01-01

294

Deep Centres in ZnO  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In ZnO, deep centres such as the transition metal ions Cu, Fe, Co, etc., deep acceptors such as Li and Na as well as intrinsic\\u000a defects such as the cation and anion vacancies are the origin of light emissions in various regions of the visible and infrared\\u000a spectral range. One example of luminescence in the visible spectral range was already

A. Hoffmann; E. Malguth; B. K. Meyer

2010-01-01

295

Deep Centres in ZnO  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In ZnO, deep centres such as the transition metal ions Cu, Fe, Co, etc., deep acceptors such as Li and Na as well as intrinsic defects such as the cation and anion vacancies are the origin of light emissions in various regions of the visible and infrared spectral range. One example of luminescence in the visible spectral range was already presented in Fig. 7.1. In Fig. 9.1 other examples of deep centre related emissions are given, which are often found in bulk and epitaxially grown ZnO or in nano rods. The presentation of optical properties of various deep centres is complemented by data from electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). It proceeds from the green and yellow emission bands and their interpretation to transition metals. From the intrinsic defects, the oxygen vacancy is discussed since many years as one of the origins of a broad emission band in the green spectral range. Other intrinsic defects are frequently discussed in recent literature, but the discussion is still rather controversial and the experimental findings on which the various assignments are based are frequently much less elaborate compared, for example, to transition metals. Therefore, no individual section is devoted to these complexes but some information is given, for example, at the end of Sect 5.1.

Hoffmann, A.; Malguth, E.; Meyer, B. K.

296

West Hackberry Strategic Petroleum Reserve site brine-disposal monitoring, Year I report. Volume II. Physical and chemical oceanography. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This project centers around the Strategic Petroleum Site (SPR) known as the West Hackberry salt dome which is located in southwestern Louisiana, and which is designed to store 241 million barrels of crude oil. Oil storage caverns are formed by injecting water into salt deposits, and pumping out the resulting brine. Studies described in this report were designed as follow-on studies to three months of pre-discharge characterization work, and include data collected during the first year of brine leaching operations. The objectives were to: (1) characterize the environment in terms of physical, chemical and biological attributes; (2) determine if significant adverse changes in ecosystem productivity and stability of the biological community are occurring as a result of brine discharge; and (3) determine the magnitude of any change observed. Contents of Volume II include: introduction; physical oceanography; estuarine hydrology and hydrography; analysis of discharge plume; and water and sediment quality.

DeRouen, L.R.; Hann, R.W.; Casserly, D.M.; Giammona, C.; Lascara, V.J. (eds.)

1983-02-01

297

International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste Scientific activities in 1991.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document contains three parts. Part 1 is a general review of the scientific activities of the Centre in 1991, including a statistical digest. Part II presents the scientific programme of the Centre in the following fields: Fundamental Physics, Condens...

1992-01-01

298

The Functions and Planning of Visitor Centres in Regional Tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visitor centres are distinctive purpose-built tourist facilities and their multiple functions are important in fostering sustainable regional tourism. The key attributes which define a visitor centre are specified. The analysis then proceeds by articulating a \\

Philip L. Pearce

299

Centre for Innovation in Mathematics Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Plymouth, the Centre for Innovation in Mathematics Teaching has developed many instructional materials designed to help both novice and experienced math teachers. This particular area of their website provides access to a number of interactive mathematics tutorials. The materials are divided into eight units, including those that deal with factors, mathematical diagrams, proportion, and estimating. Within each unit, users will find a number of example questions and related exercises. All of the materials offered here are quite accessible and easy to use, and users will find coverage of everything from prime factors to the sometimes-daunting Pythagorean theorem.

300

Centre for the Study of African Economies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A research center within the Institute of Economics and Statistics, University of Oxford, the Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE) applies macroeconomic and microeconomic methods to African sociological, demographic, and political contexts. Selected abstracts and working papers from 1993 to present are available on topics ranging from central bank policy to health, crop choice, wages, and unemployment (.pdf format). In addition, users may browse the abstracts and tables of contents of articles from the CSAE publication The Journal of African Economies from 1996 to present.

301

Data mining for shopping centres – customer knowledge-management framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relying on complex interdependencies between shoppers, retailers and owners, shopping centres are ideal for knowledge at management study. Retailers have been the forefront of data mining, but shopping centres have received little attention. Aspects of customer knowledge management for shopping centres are considered using analogies drawn from an exploratory questionnaire survey.

Charles Dennis; David Marsland; Tony Cockett

2001-01-01

302

Are lifestyle centres unique? Consumers' perceptions across locations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Lifestyle centres are emerging retail locations and yet have not been included in past studies of shopping centres. The purpose of this paper is to explore whether and how individual and retail characteristics impact consumers' patronage behaviours at three popular retail locations (i.e. central business districts, lifestyle centres, and traditional enclosed shopping malls) in the USA and understand

Ruoh-Nan Yan; Molly Eckman

2009-01-01

303

Reaching the Students that Student-Centred Learning Cannot Reach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student-centred learning has the potential to engage a more academically diverse student body than the more conventional teacher-centred approaches. In spite of the evidence in favour of student-centred learning, a recent study showed that it was ineffective for around 30% of undergraduates in a large and diverse group studying business…

Hockings, Christine

2009-01-01

304

12. SOUTHWEST VIEW OF FIRST CENTRE FAMILY DWELLING HOUSE, LATER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. SOUTHWEST VIEW OF FIRST CENTRE FAMILY DWELLING HOUSE, LATER FARMER DEACON'S SHOP, WITH SECOND CENTRE FAMILY DWELLING HOUSE IN BACKGROUND - Shaker Centre Family Dwelling House (First), North side of Village Road, North of U.S. Route 68 & State Route 33 intersection, Shakertown, Mercer County, KY

305

Urban Centres in Universities: Institutional Alternatives for Urban Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

University-based urban centres come in several types: research centres, university-based firms, community advocacy centres, extension agencies, studios, clearinghouses and umbrella or convening organizations. They all potentially link an innovative or educational milieu in the university to wider urban processes, though not all live up to this potential. In particular they can face difficulties interacting with students and faculty, staffing issues,

Ann Forsyth

2006-01-01

306

Dare to Dream: Discovery Children's Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article features Discovery Children's Centre, one of the highest quality centres in the province of Manitoba, Canada. Discovery Children's Centre believes that children, who may have little or no voice in a democratic society, can be heard if some adult will speak on their behalf. Even as it has grown from 35 to 230 children, quality has…

Blatz, Ron

2011-01-01

307

Reaching the Students that Student-Centred Learning Cannot Reach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student-centred learning has the potential to engage a more academically diverse student body than the more conventional teacher-centred approaches. In spite of the evidence in favour of student-centred learning, a recent study showed that it was ineffective for around 30% of undergraduates in a large and diverse group studying business operations…

Hockings, Christine

2009-01-01

308

Centre Of Indigenous Studies To Open In Broome  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia will establish a Centre for Indigenous Studies in 2008.\\u000aThe Centre will be located in Broome, with a whole of University approach that recognises and builds on existing commitments to Indigenous education. The Centre will focus on teaching, research, cultural outreach and cultural training with an aim to promote and integrate the mission of

Mike Doyle

2007-01-01

309

Transforming mass production contact centres using approaches from manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify theories from manufacturing which can be applied to alleviate current issues within contact centre organisations. As contact centres currently adopt a mass production approach to customer service, this paper aims to examine the key issues currently facing contact centres and investigate how manufacturing has overcome some of its issues with

Marisa K. Smith; Peter D. Ball; Umit S. Bititci; Robert van der Meer

2010-01-01

310

Centre for Innovation in Mathematics Teaching: INTERMEP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website features a variety of projects and products produced by the Centre for Innovation in Mathematics Teaching (CIMT) at the University of Exeter. For example, the Mathematics Enhancement Program is an ongoing project to develop and trial a new mathematics course with primary schools in the United Kingdom. Results from diagnostic tests are posted online along with the instructional units and related curriculum materials. The International Project on Mathematical Attainment is a longitudinal, international study of mathematical attainment, which follows students in several countries from their first year in school onwards. The tests used in the study and conference reports from 1999, 2002 and 2003 are posted online. Also available here is the International Journal for Mathematics Teaching & Learning, which is published only in electronic form and "aims to enhance mathematics teaching for all ages (and abilities) up to 18 years, through relevant articles, reviews and information from around the world." They invite anyone involved in the teaching of mathematics to contribute. The section called The Complete CIMT Index offers links to a variety of instructional resources and descriptions of other projects associated with the Centre for Innovation in Mathematics Teaching.

311

The Curriculum Development Centre of Malaysia. Studies of Curriculum Development Centres in Asia 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Curriculum Development Centre (CDC) of Malaysia became an operating agency in January 1973 and became a division of the Malaysia Ministry of Education in May 1974. Its establishment was the culmination of over a decade of curriculum development efforts by the Ministry of Education. The CDC was an outgrowth of both the First and Second…

Oon-Chye, Yeoh; And Others

312

UN News Centre: The Middle East  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Middle East is a vastly complex region, both in terms of its cultural history and the very intricate political economy that is in flux throughout the area. The UN News Centre area dedicated to the Middle East will help interested parties keep abreast of developments in the area, along with providing them access to information about the UN's activities and initiatives in the region. The site organizes the material into a number of sections, such as those that contain press remarks and statements from the Secretary General, resolutions from the Secretary Council, and documents from the General Assembly relating to the Middle East. The homepage also contains specific information on the UN peace missions in such locales as Lebanon and the Golan Heights. As with most sites offered by the UN, the materials on this site are available in Arabic, French, Russian, Spanish, and Chinese.

313

International Centre for Earth Simulation (ICES)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High Performance Computing is currently deployed in several centers for climate research, but not at the levels needed to achieve substantial success on a global basis, given the complexity of the problem. A quantum leap in capabilities will be necessary to handle next-generation climate models that integrate newly emerging sciences, high-resolution grids, and voluminous observational data from satellites and sophisticated ground devices. Bishop will discuss efforts to build an International Centre for Earth Simulation (ICES) that takes an holistic systems approach, and that has the competence and resources to achieve new insights in this new decade, and is capable to influence public policy wrt to weather, climate, environment and disaster risk reduction.

Bishop, R.

2010-09-01

314

Human Security Centre: Human Security Brief 2006  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the concept of human security is a relatively new one, there is a growing consensus that the subject is one that will continue to be of the utmost importance in the coming years. Generally, the term is used to describe "the complex of interrelated threats associated with civil war, genocide and the displacement of populations." Recently, the Human Security Centre (located at the University of British Columbia) published its annual Human Security Brief, and placed it online at this site. The report analyzes the findings of several datasets that track trends in such areas as organized violence against civilians and the conclusion of armed conflicts worldwide. While this ambitious work does have some positive findings to announce, there are a number of other troubling trends, such as the fact that four of the world's six regions have experienced increased numbers of conflicts since 2002.

315

ISO Observation Log (ISO Data Centre, 2004)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) is an ESA (European Space Agency) project with instruments funded by ESA member states (especially the PI countries France, Germany, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom) and with participation of ISAS (Japan) and NASA (USA). It was operated from November 1995 till May 1998, almost a year longer than expected. As an unprecedented observatory for infrared astronomy, able to examine cool and hidden places in the Universe, ISO successfully made nearly 30,000 scientific observations. The ISO Data Archive is available at the ISO Data Centre at http://www.iso.vilspa.esa.es and it includes about 150,000 observations, if account is taken of calibration and parallel or serendipity mode observations. The catalogue contains all observations performed in standard observing modes exempt from technical problems; special flags indicate calibration observations. ISO helpdesk: helpdesk@iso.vilspa.esa.es (1 data file).

ISO Data Centre, 2004

2004-04-01

316

A SDMS Model: Early Warning Coordination Centres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the tsunami disaster in 2004, the General Secretary of the United Nations (UN) Kofi Annan called for a global early warning system for all hazards and for all communities. He also requested the ISDR (International Strategy fort Disaster Reduction) and its UN partners to conduct a global survey of capacities, gaps and opportunities in relation to early warning systems. The produced report, "Global survey of Early Warning Systems", concluded that there are many gaps and shortcomings and that much progress has been made on early warning systems and great capabilities are available around the world. However, it may be argued that an early warning system (EWS) may not be enough to prevent fatalities due to a natural hazard; i.e., it should be seen as part of a ‘wider' or total system. Furthermore, an EWS may work very well when assessed individually but it is not clear whether it will contribute to accomplish the purpose of the ‘total disaster management system'; i.e., to prevent fatalities. For instance, a regional EWS may only work if it is well co-ordinated with the local warning and emergency response systems that ensure that the warning is received, communicated and acted upon by the potentially affected communities. It may be argued that without these local measures being in place, a regional EWS will have little impact in saving lives. Researchers argued that unless people are warned in remote areas, the technology is useless; for instance McGuire [5] argues that: "I have no doubt that the technical element of the warning system will work very well,"…"But there has to be an effective and efficient communications cascade from the warning centre to the fisherman on the beach and his family and the bar owners." Similarly, McFadden [6] states that: "There's no point in spending all the money on a fancy monitoring and a fancy analysis system unless we can make sure the infrastructure for the broadcast system is there,"… "That's going to require a lot of work. If it's a tsunami, you've got to get it down to the last Joe on the beach. This is the stuff that is really very hard." Given the above, the paper argues that there is a need for a systemic approach to early warning centres. Systemic means looking upon things as a system; systemic means seeing pattern and inter-relationship within a complex whole; i.e., to see events as products of the working of a system. System may be defined as a whole which is made of parts and relationships. Given this, ‘failure' may be seen as the product of a system and, within that, see death/injury/property loss etc. as results of the working of systems. This paper proposes a preliminary model of ‘early warning coordination centres' (EWCC); it should be highlighted that an EWCC is a subsystem of the Systemic Disaster Management System (SDMS) model.

Santos-Reyes, Jaime

2010-05-01

317

ACTRIS Data Centre: An atmospheric data portal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research InfraStructure Network) is a European Project aiming at integrating European ground-based stations equipped with advanced instrumentation for studying aerosols, clouds, and short-lived gas-phase species. The ACTRIS activities result in improved atmospheric measurements data made at more than 60 European sites, from numerous instruments and includes variables measured by ground based in situ and remote sensing technologies. Core variables are in situ aerosol optical, physical and chemical properties, short-lived trace gases (volatile organic carbon and nitrogen oxides), aerosol scattering and extinction profiles, and cloud properties. The ACTRIS data centre (ACTRIS DC) is giving free and open access to all data resulting from the activities of the infrastructure network, complemented with data from other relevant networks and data bases. The overall goal is to facilitate scientists and other user groups access to atmospheric observational data, and to provide mature products for analysis and interpretation of atmospheric composition change. The ACTRIS DC aims at substantially increasing the number of high-quality data by providing long-term observational data relevant to climate and air quality research produced with standardized or comparable procedures throughout the network. The backbone of the ACTRIS DC is the three core data bases: - EARLINET Data Base hosting aerosol lidar data from more than 30 European sites - EBAS hosting ground based atmospheric in situ data from more than 1000 sites globally - Cloudnet hosting remote sensing cloud data and products from 5 European sites Furthermore, a joint portal is developed combining information from various data sources to gain new information not presently available from standalone databases or networks. The data centre will provide tools and services to facilitate the use of measurements for broad user communities. Higher level and integrated products will be developed stage-by-stage during the project, and user requirements, interactions and feedbacks are essential. The first version of ACTRIS DC is a web portal that allows users to search for atmospheric composition data from a multitude of data archives through a single user interface. Examples of data bases and frameworks included are EMEP, the GAW- world data centres, EARLINET, NDACC, CARIBIC-GEOmon, HTAP, AMAP amongst others. Currently the portal provides an overview of more than 800 000 data sets from more than 20 data bases/frameworks globally. For some of the databases included in the portal, the interface furthermore allows you to download data directly through the portal. A map functionality is implemented facilitating the identification of data and making it possible to search for collocation of observations, variables and sites both in time and space. The data portal can serve as "one-stop-shop" of atmospheric high-quality data, and the portal will also offer a direct interface towards external users like the MACC II project and GMES in-situ. The data dissemination will take into account the principles outlined in SEIS, INSPIRE, WIS and GEOSS.

Myhre, C. Lund; Fahre Vik, A.; Logna, R.; Torseth, K.; Linné, H.; O'Connor, E.

2012-04-01

318

Aggregate colour centres in impurity LiF crystals  

SciTech Connect

LiF crystals with colour centres exhibiting a zero-phonon line (ZPL) at 1080 nm in absorption and luminescence are studied. The decay time of luminescence of colour centres at 10 K is 260 - 280 ns, the ZPL half-width is 4.7 cm{sup -1}, and colour centres are characterised by a weak electron - phonon interaction (the Huang - Rhys factor is S < 0.11). The polarisation analysis of luminescence showed that the transition dipole moments of colour centres are oriented along the crystal axes [100], [010], and [001]. The model of aggregate F{sub 4} colour centres having a spatial structure with three symmetry axes C{sub 2} may correspond to the colour centres studied in the paper. (active media. lasers)

Basiev, Tasoltan T; Karasik, Aleksandr Ya; Konyushkin, V A; Papashvili, A G; Pukhov, K K [Laser Materials and Technology Research Center, A. M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Ermakov, I V; Gellermann, V [Department of Physics, University of Utah (United States)

2002-08-31

319

The Centre of Mass of a Triangular Plate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We present a derivation for the coordinates of the centre of mass--or centre of gravity--of a homogeneous triangular plate by using scaling and symmetry. We scale the triangular plate by a factor of 2 and divide its area into four plates identical to the original. By symmetry, we assert that the centre of mass of two identical masses lies at the…

Slusarenko, Viktor; Rojas, Roberto; Fuster, Gonzalo

2008-01-01

320

Infection control in day-care centres in Greenland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. The aim of this study was to determine hygienic habits and precautions taken with main focus on hand hygiene, cleaning and laundry in day-care centres in Greenland. Methods. In the pe- riod 2000-2002 we investigated 33 day-care centres in towns along the west coast of Greenland using a questionnaire. The majority of the day-care centres (18\\/33) were found in

Jette Holt; Turid Bjarnason Skifte; Anders Koch

321

Two Student-centred Teaching Methods in Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I spend a little time on analyzing the outcomes of conventional teaching. Then I propose two student-centred teaching methods in mathematics: problem-centred teaching and seminar, both of which emphasize group work and develop students' skills in communication and presentation. Problem-centred teaching starts by giving students a real world problem. Students are expected to determine any new concepts

Guohua Peng

2002-01-01

322

Dendritic cells capable of stimulating T cells in germinal centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE B cells within the germinal centres of lymphoid organs undergo affinity maturation of their antigen receptors, a critical event for antibody memory1-3. Follicular dendritic cells within the germinal centres retain immune complexes4-6 that select the developing B cells for which they have a higher affinity7. We have now identified a subset of CD4+CD11c+CD3- dendritic cells in the germinal centres.

Géraldine Grouard; Isabella Durand; Luis Filgueira; Jacques Banchereau; Yong-Jun Liu

1996-01-01

323

Mass Segregation in the Galactic Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two-body energy exchange between stars orbiting massive black holes (MBHs) leads to the formation of a power-law density distribution n(r) ? r-? that diverges towards the MBH. For a single mass population, ? =7/4 and the flow of stars is much less than N(< r)/ tr (enclosed number of stars per relaxation time). This "zero-flow" solution is maintained for a multi-mass system for moderate mass ratios or systems where there are many heavy stars, and slopes of 3/2 < ? < 2 are reached, with steeper slopes for the more massive stars. If the heavy stars are rare and massive however, the zero-flow limit breaks down and much steeper distributions are obtained. We discuss the physics driving mass-segregation with the use of Fokker-Planck calculations, and show that steady state is reached in 0.2-0.3 tr. Since the relaxation time in the Galactic centre (GC) is tr˜ 2-3 ×1010 yr, a cusp should form in less than a Hubble time. The absence of a visible cusp of old stars in the GC poses a challenge to these models, suggesting that processes other than two-body relaxation have played a role. We discuss astrophysical processes within the GC that depend crucially on the details of the stellar cusp.

Hopman, C.; Madigan, A.

2011-05-01

324

Activities for Kids: Montreal Science Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Montreal Science Centre's Kids section of their website has some fantastic games and simulations that encourage kids to "embrace interactive challenges", and can shed light on topics adults will find interesting too. Visitors will find that many different topics are explored, including implementing sustainable international development on a natural disaster-hit island in the game called "Sayansi". Visitors hoping to be future forensic scientists or fans of the CSI TV series will enjoy "Interactive File on Criminalistics", which explores the autopsy of a murder. This game won an education prize in 2005, and is suitable for ages 10 and up. The "36 Solutions" game requires visitors to play brief games to reveal a modern invention, and hear what it's about. One of the games revealed an image of a freezer pop that was made of cough medicine and flavoring in order to make medicine more palatable to kids. The narrator emphasizes that the freezer pop is in medical, tamper-proof packaging, so kids don't mistake it in the freezer for a traditional popsicle. There are at least half a dozen other games to play on this site, and all are well worth exploring.

325

Finnish National Training Centre for Emergency Services.  

PubMed

This is a review of the facilities and programmes of the Finnish National Centre for Emergency Services in Kuopio, Finland. It includes the Emergency Services College that provides all of the training for emergency service workers in Finland and provides some services for the international community. There are needs for training by the medical community in Finland that relate both to skills and knowledge. Education and training focus on the demonstration of evidence-based competence. The facility includes a training ground for the provision of immediate emergency medical care, scene safety, extrication, industrial accidents, and water rescue. It is used for the training of paramedic students, nurses, medical students, firefighters, dispatch center staff, and officers. Computer-aided simulations are used to enhance the learning process. Plans are underway for adding tele-education and/or virtual-reality facilities. Close liaison is maintained with the University of Kuopio, Kuopio University Hospital, and with the Pohjois-Savo Polytechnic Institute. PMID:11183458

Kettunen, T A; Mattila, M A; Hänninen, O O

326

Profile: Manhica Health Research Centre (Manhica HDSS).  

PubMed

The Manhiça Health Research Centre, established in 1996 in a rural area of southern Mozambique, currently follows around 92 000 individuals living in approximately 20 000 enumerated and geo-positioned households. Its main strength is the possibility of linking demographic data and clinical data to promote and conduct biomedical research in priority health areas. Socio-demographic data are updated twice a year and clinical data are collected on a daily basis. The data collected in Manhiça HDSS comprises household and individual characteristics, household socio-economic assets, vital data, migration, individual health history and cause of death, among others. Studies conducted in this HDSS contributed to guide the health authorities and decision-making bodies to define or adjust health policies such as the introduction of Mozambique's expanded programme of immunization with different vaccines (Haemophilus influenzae type b, Pneumococcus) or the development of the concept of Intermittent Preventive Treatment for Infants (IPTi) that led to the World Health Organization recommendation of this method as best practice for the control of malaria among infants. Manhiça's data can be accessed through a formal request to Diana Quelhas (diana.quelhas@manhica.net) accompanied by a proposal that will be analysed by the Manhiça HDSS internal scientific and ethics committees. PMID:24159076

Sacoor, Charfudin; Nhacolo, Ariel; Nhalungo, Delino; Aponte, John J; Bassat, Quique; Augusto, Orvalho; Mandomando, Inácio; Sacarlal, Jahit; Lauchande, Natu; Sigaúque, Betuel; Alonso, Pedro; Macete, Eusébio

2013-10-01

327

Herschel Observation Log (Herschel Science Centre, 2013)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Herschel Space Observatory (Herschel) is an ESA (European Space Agency) project with instruments funded by ESA member states. It was operated from May 2009 till April 2013, offering unprecedent observational capabilities in the far-infrared and submillimetre spectral range (55-671 microns). Herschel carried a 3.5m diameter passively cooled Cassegrain telescope. The science payload comprised three instruments: two direct detection cameras/medium resolution spectrometers, PACS and SPIRE, and a very high-resolution heterodyne spectrometer, HIFI. Herschel successfully made over 37,000 scientific observations. Herschel Science Archive: The HSA is available at the Herschel Science Centre at http://herschel.esac.esa.int/Science_Archive.shtml Herschel helpdesk: http://herschel.esac.esa.int/esupport/ Herschel User Provided Data Products: http://herschel.esac.esa.int/UserProvidedDataProducts.shtml Postcard Server: http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/aio/doc/postcardGallery.html Observation Log: http://herschel.esac.esa.int/logrepgen/observationlist.do (1 data file).

Herschel Science, Centre

2013-09-01

328

Photon number statistics of NV centre emission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optical sources that deterministically produce single photons with a high suppression of multi-photon emission and a negligible background component are promising candidates for standard sources for quantum metrology, quantum communication and foundations of quantum mechanics. In this paper, the photon number distribution of non-classical light emitted by nitrogen vacancy (NV) centres in nano-diamonds is studied by three different experimental techniques. The photon number resolving transition edge sensor (TES) detector and the On/Off detection method are applied to determine the diagonal elements of the optical density matrix. From the data measured by the two methods the second order correlation function at time delay zero is calculated and compared with the g2(0)-values obtained by Hanbury Brown-Twiss (HBT) interferometric measurements. Among the g2(0)-values evaluated with the three techniques, we found good agreement in the results for a single photon emitter with a g2(0)-value close to zero and a multi-photon source with a g2(0)-value of approximately 0.5.

Schmunk, W.; Gramegna, M.; Brida, G.; Degiovanni, I. P.; Genovese, M.; Hofer, H.; Kück, S.; Lolli, L.; Paris, M. G. A.; Peters, S.; Rajteri, M.; Racu, A. M.; Ruschhaupt, A.; Taralli, E.; Traina, P.

2012-04-01

329

The Turin International Centre for Advanced Technical and Vocational Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the training programs, financial status, evaluation procedures, and innovative educational aspects of the Turin International Centre for Advanced Technical and Vocational Training. (Author/DB)

Sperling, Jan Bado

1976-01-01

330

Reaction centres: the structure and evolution of biological solar power.  

PubMed

Reaction centres are complexes of pigment and protein that convert the electromagnetic energy of sunlight into chemical potential energy. They are found in plants, algae and a variety of bacterial species, and vary greatly in their composition and complexity. New structural information has highlighted features that are common to the different types of reaction centre and has provided insights into some of the key differences between reaction centres from different sources. New ideas have also emerged on how contemporary reaction centres might have evolved and on the possible origin of the first chlorophyll-protein complexes to harness the power of sunlight. PMID:11852245

Heathcote, Peter; Fyfe, Paul K; Jones, Michael R

2002-02-01

331

The University College London Centre for Cosmic Chemistry and Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University College London Centre for Cosmic Chemistry and Physics developed this website to present its research in the "fundamental chemical processes which [they believe] occur throughout the universe." Visitors can find an overview of the design and progress of the Centre's projects dealing with the formation of hydrogen molecules on interstellar dust grains and more complex molecules. The website introduces the Centre's main facilities, the Cosmic Dust Lab and the Surface Science Lab. Users can also discover the Centre's theoretical work on gas-surface scattering.

332

Learning curve in navigated total knee replacement. A multi-centre study comparing experienced and beginner centres.  

PubMed

This study analyzes the OrthoPilot navigation system's (Aesculap, Tuttlingen, FRG) learning curve in beginner vs. experienced centres. We conducted a prospective, controlled, multi-centre study in 13 European orthopedic centres. Overall, 368 total knee replacements (TKR) were included in this study, with 150 TKR performed in experienced centres (control group) and 218 TKR in beginner centres (study group). The study parameters were implantation accuracy, clinical outcome, operation time and complications. No difference was found between both groups, except for operating time which was significantly longer in the study group. However, this increase in operating time disappeared after 30 implantations in all beginner centres. So, we conclude that the system's learning curve levels off at this point. Given the high accuracy of implantation when using the OrthoPilot navigation system, we believe this learning curve to be acceptably low. PMID:18262789

Jenny, Jean-Yves; Miehlke, Rolf K; Giurea, Alexander

2008-02-11

333

Girls' Groups and Boys' Groups at a Municipal Technology Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the Swedish initiative of municipal technology centres from a gender point of view. These centres provide after-school technology education for children aged 6-16. By means of an ethnographic study, the effects of the use of single-sex groups in increasing the interest of girls and boys in technical activities have been…

Salminen-Karlsson, Minna

2007-01-01

334

PIZnet, the joint Internet site for German patent information centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Deutscher Patentinformationszentren e.V. (The Association of German Patent Information Centres) is to encourage the ongoing development of the centres and to achieve broader public dissemination of industrial property rights information. Since use of the Internet has steadily increased amongst wide sections of the public in recent years, and since patent offices have taken steps to

Michael Kuckartz

1999-01-01

335

A relational conceptual framework for multidisciplinary health research centre infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although multidisciplinary and team-based approaches are increasingly acknowledged as necessary to address some of the most pressing contemporary health challenges, many researchers struggle with a lack of infrastructure to facilitate and formalise the requisite collaborations. Specialised research centres have emerged as an important organisational solution, yet centre productivity and sustainability are frequently dictated by the availability and security of infrastructure

Stephanie E Coen; Joan L Bottorff; Joy L Johnson; Pamela A Ratner

2010-01-01

336

Rural Community Resource Centres: a sustainable option for Africa?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public libraries are no longer seen as crucial to development in Africa. Librarians are therefore re-examining their own relevance to development and are proposing that the establishment of rural information centres to serve the needs of the 80 percent of Africa's population living in rural areas. Examines the underlying factors that determine the success or failure of such centres. Identifies

Diana Rosenberg

1993-01-01

337

Opportunity Centred Learning: An Innovation in Enterprise Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an approach called opportunity centred learning that has been developed by the author and applied in the field of enterprise education. The relationship between opportunity centred learning and existing theory and practice in learning and education is outlined in comparison with problem-based learning and action learning, and…

Rae, David

2003-01-01

338

Science Centres: A Resource for School and Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present a science centre established in Genoa on an agreement between Municipality of Genoa and Department of Physics of University of Genoa. The aim is to offer children, young people and community an opportunity to approach science in a playful way. The centre staffs guide the visitors through the exhibits, attracting their interests towards…

Pilo, Miranda; Mantero, Alfonso; Marasco, Antonella

2011-01-01

339

Research Informed Science Enrichment Programs at the Gravity Discovery Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Excursions to museums and science centres generally are great fun for students and teachers. The potential educational benefits beyond enjoyment, however, are rarely realised or analysed for their efficacy. The purpose of this paper is to describe four educational enrichment programs delivered at the Gravity Discovery Centre (GDC), near Gingin,…

Venville, Grady; Blair, David; Coward, David; Deshon, Fred; Gargano, Mark; Gondwe, Mzamose; Heary, Auriol; Longnecker, Nancy; Pitts, Marina; Zadnik, Marjan

2012-01-01

340

Some problems in Network and Data Centre Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer networks are vital to the running of modern organisations. Network managers are often concerned with the running of data centres. This paper provides an overview of some of the more important issues in managing modern computer networks and data centres and the problems faced in undertaking this task. It would be impossible to provide a complete list which, due

David Veal; Gurpreet Kohli

2007-01-01

341

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Centres - an Old and New Idea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear technology originally developed in only a few countries - arising out of weapons programmes. In the early years, the concept of nuclear fuel cycle centres was topical. In the 1950s, the IAEA charter itself allowed centralized plutonium storage and management. Studies were performed (e.g. by INFCE) on regional nuclear fuel cycle centres and on international spent fuel management but

Charles McCombie; Neil Chapman

342

Surface coatings for 3-piece freight bogie centre bearings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research is divided into four related sections of work. The first relates to the rim wall wear of the existing unlubricated steel, and polyethylene centre bearing components. Based on these findings, the second and third sections of work includes materials characterisation of alternative centre bearing surfaces - plasma nitrided molybdenum steel and stellite 6 laser clad layers, respectively. Finally,

Matthew J Franklin

2008-01-01

343

Reaction centres: the structure and evolution of biological solar power  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reaction centres are complexes of pigment and protein that convert the electromagnetic energy of sunlight into chemical potential energy. They are found in plants, algae and a variety of bacterial species, and vary greatly in their composition and complexity. New structural information has highlighted features that are common to the different types of reaction centre and has provided insights into

Peter Heathcote; Paul K. Fyfe; Michael R. Jones

2002-01-01

344

JIT purchasing as a quality and productivity centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, Just-In-Time (JIT) purchasing practices have been recognized as a cornerstone of Japan's success in improving product quality and productivity. Traditionally, however, US firms have treated purchasing functions as a ‘profit centre’. This paper presents the proposition that US firms must recognize the potential of purchasing activities as ‘quality and productivity centres’ through successful implementation of JIT purchasing. Personal interviews

A. ANSARI; BATOUL MODARRESS

1988-01-01

345

The Psychological Contract in Call Centres: An Employee Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The call centre industry is a relatively recent phenomenon, which has changed the face of the service sector (Frenkel et al., 1998). For a comparatively new contender it has created a large share of internal human resource problems. Common issues of contention for call centres include high levels of churn, high levels of absenteeism, issues with motivation and commitment, lack

Christine Cross; Gillian Barry; Thomas N. Garavan

2008-01-01

346

Cancer resource centres: Transformational services and restorative servicescapes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article illustrates how cancer resource centres transform the lives of people both living with and affected by cancer by creating restorative servicescapes. The authors link attention restoration theory with the servicescape framework to demonstrate empirically that home-like cancer resource centres may offer their members a built setting in which some members undergo restoration from symptoms associated with cancer-related fatigue.

Mark S. Rosenbaum; Jillian A. Smallwood

2011-01-01

347

Critiquing Child-Centred Pedagogy to Bring Children and Early Childhood Educators into the Centre of a Democratic Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Child-centred pedagogy is both an enduring approach and a revered concept in Western-based teacher preparation. This article weaves together major critiques of child-centred pedagogy that draw on critical feminist, postmodernist and post-structural theories. These critiques have particular relevance for conceptualizing what it can mean to be, and…

Langford, Rachel

2010-01-01

348

Accreditation of birth centres: advantages for newborns.  

PubMed

Accreditation or certification of Health Care Providers is a crucial tool to improve health care quality, and to promote excellence. Excellent healthcare should have the following six characteristics: Safe, Effective, Person-centred, Timely, Efficient, Equitable. Safety in health care should consider the analysis and reduction of medical systematic errors and their related patients' harm. In 1999 the U.S. Institute of Medicine defined medical errors as the failure of a planned action to be completed as intended or the use of a wrong plan to achieve an aim. In neonatal intensive care units and pediatric intensive care units the areas most frequently associated with medical errors are medication, including prescribing, preparation, administration and monitoring; health-care associated infections; mechanical ventilation; events related to the use of medical devices or procedures and, more recently, caregivers fatigue and communication strategies. In Italy, Maternal-Neonatal Health is one of the national priorities, but there are still wide and deep differences among Regions. In 2008, more than 9% of the deliveries occurred in Hospitals with less than 500 births per year, a volume considered too small to guarantee optimal standard of care. In 2010, the National Government and the Regional Health Authorities agreed to set to 1000 births/year the standard threshold for Hospital Birth Centers, considering the same volume for obstetric-gynecologic and neonatal-pediatrics Units. Despite most indicators attest the good performance of the National health care, a further area to be addressed is the perception of its quality by the people. The discrepancy between quality of care and its public perception is in fact reported in many industrialized countries. Accreditation programs can improve the availability and access to a standardized quality of care. A well-established worldwide accreditation program is led by Joint Commission International (JCI). As far as accreditation of perinatal care is regarded, in 2010 the U.S. Joint Commission has defined a set of measures known as the perinatal care core measure set, which consider elective delivery, cesarean section, antenatal steroids, healthcare-associated bloodstream infections in newborns, exclusive breastmilk feeding. In Italy, the 2011-2013 National Health Care Plan underline the need for developing and implementing certification programs for Hospital Birth Centers. In 2011, a multidisciplinary working group (Italian Group for Safe Birth) has thus been established. Conclusion: the main goal of each Health Care Organization should be to achieve the best quality and safety. Health Care Organizations must reduce random variations and improve activities by a standardized process whose results can be measured both in terms of patients outcome and in terms of transparency of each activity. Newborn and infants are one of the weakest population group; to improve their health outcome is thus mandatory to do all efforts to obtain a safe, effective, efficient and patient-centered health care assistance. PMID:23116087

Dotta, Andrea; Portanova, Anna; Bianchi, Natalia; Degli Atti, Marta Ciofi; Zanini, Rinaldo; Raponi, Massimiliano

2012-11-02

349

Defect centres and thermoluminescence in SrS : Bi phosphor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermoluminescence (TL) and electron spin resonance studies have been carried out on SrS:Bi phosphor. The TL glow curve is broad and indicates a dominant peak at 120 degrees C with two additional peaks, not clearly resolved, appearing as shoulders at around 180 and 250 degrees C. Two defect centres are observed at room temperature. One of them is characterized by an isotropic g-value 2.0034 and is assigned to an F+ centre. Step annealing measurements indicate a possible association between the F+ centre and the three TL peaks.

Singh, V.; Tiwari, M.; Rao, T. K. G.

2004-11-01

350

Staff concerns in heroin-assisted treatment centres.  

PubMed

Heroin-assisted treatment (HAT) is a solution for improving the condition of treatment-resistant heroin addicts. Since 1994, six randomized controlled trials have concluded that HAT is more efficacious than oral methadone for severe heroin addicts. We visited seven HAT treatment centres in four countries in order to observe diacetylmorphine (DAM) administration and to study the main concerns of the staff. Nurses were concerned by the risk taken if a previously intoxicated patient received his dose of DAM. Another concern was the smuggling of DAM doses. The HAT centres face a dilemma: treating patients while at the same time allowing their risky street habits in the centre. PMID:22074590

Demaret, I; Lemaître, A; Ansseau, M

2011-09-20

351

University of British Columbia Centre for Plant Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of British Columbia (UBC) Centre for Plant Research website displays a simple, yet ambitious, mission statement: "To explore, explain, and maintain plant life on earth." The Centre is associated with the UBC Botanical Garden, and focuses on the following research themes: Evolution and Biodiversity; Evolutionary Genomics; Plant Biotechnology and Breeding; Plant Physiology and Biotic Interactions; and Phytochemistry. The Centre website links to information about faculty and research scientists, listings of selected publications, and brief summaries of ongoing research. The site's Resources section is geared specifically for researchers and connects to Forums, a Links Database, and a weblog. The site also lists postgraduate, postdoctoral, and employment opportunities when available.

352

78 FR 58458 - Drawbridge Operation Regulations; Quogue Canal, Southampton, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CONTACT: If you have questions on this rule, call or email Ms. Judy Leung-Yee, Project Officer, First Coast Guard District, telephone (212) 668-7165, email judy.k.leung-yee@uscg.mil. If you have questions on viewing the...

2013-09-24

353

Learning issues for nurses in renal satellite centres.  

PubMed

The introduction of 'satellite' dialysis centres has increased local access to renal services for patients living in rural and remote areas across Australia and is, therefore, consistent with rural health policies. Rural health strategies also aim to maintain and improve the skills of health professionals through regular review of the scope of their practice and evaluation of the education required. Yet, the results of the present national study of nurses working in satellite dialysis centres indicate that, for many, the context of practice influences their ability to access ongoing professional education to support and extend their nursing practice. The present study showed that there was a range of educational backgrounds among nurses working in rural 'satellite' centres with reportedly limited access to specific dialysis-related professional development. In the present paper we report on factors that influence the ability of nurses working in satellite dialysis centres to access ongoing professional education. PMID:11894792

Wellard, S; Bethune, E

2000-12-01

354

Use of ERS-1 Scatterometer Winds in Canadian Forecast Centres.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The current and future use of ERS-1 scatterometer data at the Canadian Meteorological Centre (CMC) in Montreal and at regional forecast centers is described. Scatterometer data are received at CMC, decoded, filtered, and retransmitted as pseudo ship codes...

P. King

1993-01-01

355

Boron-oxygen luminescence centres in boron-nitrogen systems.  

PubMed

Closed-shell BO(2)(-) and BO(-) anions are proposed as high-efficiency luminescence centres in boron-nitrogen systems, which makes the anions localized and leads to a radiation transition. PMID:17989804

Tang, Chengchun; Bando, Yoshio; Zhi, Chunyi; Golberg, Dmitri

2007-09-04

356

Annual report 1989 (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay(India)).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The main thrust of various research and development activities of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is directed towards: (1) supporting nuclear power programme in all its aspects which include design of nuclear reactors, development of nuclear fuel...

1990-01-01

357

Regional Centres for Space Science and Technology Education and ICG Information Centres affiliated to the United Nations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly, Regional Centres for Space Science and Technology Education were established in India, Morocco, Nigeria, Brazil and Mexico. Simultaneously, education curricula were developed for the core disciplines of remote sensing, satellite communications, satellite meteorology, and space and atmospheric science. This paper provides a brief summary on the status of the operation of the regional centres with a view to use them as information centres of the International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (ICG), and draws attention to their educational activities.

Gadimova, S.; Haubold, H. J.

2009-06-01

358

Science centre exhibits - from a teenager's point of view  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science centres all over the world are making huge efforts to increase the public understanding of science and capacity to solve problems in creative ways by the means of technology. The free-choice settings invite visitors to explore and experience science and technology through self-direction and self-discovery. Assessing the educational outcomes of the Science Centre pedagogy is not an easy task,

Vaike Fors

2004-01-01

359

Survey of psychosocial support provided by UK paediatric oncology centres  

PubMed Central

Aim: To obtain a comprehensive overview of current patterns of psychosocial support provided by National Health Service (NHS) paediatric oncology treatment centres across the UK. Methods: A postal questionnaire was sent to co-ordinators in the UK Children's Cancer Study Group (a professional body that is responsible for the organisation of treatment and management of childhood cancer in the UK) in 21 treatment centres and three separate Teenage Cancer Trus units. A range of psychosocial topics were explored, including ratio of staff providing support to patients; facilities provided for children and families; psychosocial support services such as support groups; information provision; and transition support. Results: There were many good areas of support provided by centres, but there was also a lack of standard practices and procedures. All centres employed social workers, play specialists, and paediatric oncology outreach nurses, but patient to staff ratios varied across centres. The poorest staff provision was among psychologists, where patient to staff ratios ranged from 132:1 to 1100:1. Written information was standard practice, while provision of other types of information (audiovisual, online) varied; none of the centres provided audio information specifically for children/young people. Conclusion: This variability in practices among centres frequently occurred, as centres rarely had procedures formally agreed or recorded in writing. British government policy currently seeks to develop standards and guidelines of care throughout the National Health Service. This study further demonstrates the importance of standards and the need to agree guidelines for the provision of psychosocial support for children/young people and their families throughout the course of the illness.

Mitchell, W; Clarke, S; Sloper, P

2005-01-01

360

Notre Dame collaborates to establish new Palliative Care Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Sydney Campus has joined with The University of New South Wales (UNSW) to help establish a multidisciplinary academic centre in palliative care.\\u000aThis recently launched facility, the Cunningham Centre, will also be supported by St Vincents and Mater Health Sydney (SV&MHS) and the NSW Cancer Institute.\\u000aIt will be based at the Sacred Heart

Moira Saunders

2008-01-01

361

Patient satisfaction at health centres in Trinidad and Tobago  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to identify background characteristics of health centre users in Trinidad and Tobago and their perceptions of the services provided. Multi-staged sampling was used to select 1,500 health centre users throughout the country. Data were obtained using structured interviews conducted on regular clinic days.Results show that there is an overwhelmingly large percentage of unemployed persons

H. Singh; N. Mustapha; E. D. Haqq

1996-01-01

362

Assessing health centre systems for guiding improvement in diabetes care  

PubMed Central

Background Aboriginal people in Australia experience the highest prevalence of diabetes in the country, an excess of preventable complications and early death. There is increasing evidence demonstrating the importance of healthcare systems for improvement of chronic illness care. The aims of this study were to assess the status of systems for chronic illness care in Aboriginal community health centres, and to explore whether more developed systems were associated with better quality of diabetes care. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in 12 Aboriginal community health centres in the Northern Territory of Australia. Assessment of Chronic Illness Care scale was adapted to measure system development in health centres, and administered by interview with health centre staff and managers. Based on a random sample of 295 clinical records from attending clients with diagnosed type 2 diabetes, processes of diabetes care were measured by rating of health service delivery against best-practice guidelines. Intermediate outcomes included the control of HbA1c, blood pressure, and total cholesterol. Results Health centre systems were in the low to mid-range of development and had distinct areas of strength and weakness. Four of the six system components were independently associated with quality of diabetes care: an increase of 1 unit of score for organisational influence, community linkages, and clinical information systems, respectively, was associated with 4.3%, 3.8%, and 4.5% improvement in adherence to process standards; likewise, organisational influence, delivery system design and clinical information systems were related to control of HbA1c, blood pressure, and total cholesterol. Conclusion The state of development of health centre systems is reflected in quality of care outcome measures for patients. The health centre systems assessment tool should be useful in assessing and guiding development of systems for improvement of diabetes care in similar settings in Australia and internationally.

Si, Damin; Bailie, Ross; Connors, Christine; Dowden, Michelle; Stewart, Allison; Robinson, Gary; Cunningham, Joan; Weeramanthri, Tarun

2005-01-01

363

A 3 Permil Change in Carbon Isotope Fractionation Between Carbonates and Organic Matter: the Oxfordian Turning Point in Climate and Oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Oxfordian (Late Jurassic) sedimentary record is characterized by a positive excursion in the ?13C of carbonates with an amplitude similar to that of excursions accompanying the Cretaceous oceanic anoxic events (e.g. Valanginian). It has been recognized in different paleoenvironments and is assumed to reflect global changes in the carbon cycle. Shales rich in organic matter are a common feature of the Oxfordian, whereas the following parts of the Late Jurassic are known as "carbonate times". This suggests that the carbon isotope excursion is due to changes in the burial-ratio of organic matter vs. carbonates. However, this excursion is also time-equivalent to major changes in other geochemical tracers like the strontium isotope ratio, indicating changes in hydrothermal activity and/or continental weathering. In addition, the distribution of hardgrounds and sedimentary gaps indicate significant changes in ocean-current patterns in the Early-Middle Oxfordian. These processes are likely to have co-influenced the evolution of C-isotope ratios in the Oxfordian. In order to evaluate the evolution of carbon cycle and climate in the Late Jurassic, we established a carbon isotope curve in a hemipelagic section in SE-France. The studied sediments were deposited in the Alpine Tethys seaway close to the opening Atlantic ocean. High and continuous sedimentation rates allow to construct high-resolution carbonate and organic carbon isotope records. The isotope excursion achieved its peak values within the mid-Oxfordian Transversarium ammonite zone. This is when in many parts of the Western Tethys carbonate accumulation rates strongly increased. At the time of the steepest rise in ?13C of the carbonates, the ?13C of organic matter undergoes a strong shift to more negative values. The resulting change of more than 3‰ in the C-isotope fractionation between carbonates and organic matter could indicate a rise in pCO2 in surface waters and in the atmosphere of the order of 50%. If this hypothesis will be confirmed by C-isotope measurements on individual organic compounds, other processes such as increased volcanic activity need to be included into the history of the Oxfordian. Thus, the mid-Oxfordian positive excursion in C-isotopes marks one of the major turning points in Mesozoic oceanography and climate.

Louis-Schmid, B.; Rais, P.; Bernasconi, S. M.; Weissert, H.

2005-12-01

364

Audit of tumour histopathology reviewed by a regional oncology centre.  

PubMed Central

AIMS--To analyse the diagnostic differences in reporting tumour histopathology between a district general hospital and a regional oncology centre. METHODS--Tumour histopathology reports (n = 227) extracted from Bolton General Hospital files between 1988 and 1992 were compared with the corresponding Christie Hospital (oncology centre) reports, the same material having been seen at both hospitals. RESULTS--Diagnostic agreement existed in 77% of all cases. The incidence of major discrepancies was 8.37%. Of the diagnoses, 19 (36%) cases involved major discrepancies and 34 (64%) cases minor discrepancies. Most discrepancies occurred in the lymphoma group and involved subclassification of Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Ki1 anaplastic large cell lymphoma and T cell rich B cell lymphoma were problematic diagnoses. The correct grading of follicle centre cell lymphomas using the Kiel classification was another problem area. In 19 cases certain aspects of immunohistochemistry produced discrepancies. In one case an incorrect diagnosis was made at the oncology centre and in another both centres gave an incorrect diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS--Areas of diagnostic difficulty mainly involve the subclassification of lymphomas. Review of tumour pathology by experts is recommended, at least in certain categories, to ensure correct diagnosis and uniformity in subclassification of tumours.

Prescott, R J; Wells, S; Bisset, D L; Banerjee, S S; Harris, M

1995-01-01

365

Diving Down in Partnership - Technology assists science outreach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advances in underwater technology are revealing a world hitherto unseen - the deep ocean. Advances in web technology are enabling scientists to share their discoveries with the world. Underwater robot cameras are allowing scientists to observe animal behaviour and study habitats at depths of 6000 metres. And the Internet is providing a window on this exotic world for everyone with access to the web. The UK's National Oceanography Centre, Southampton operates Isis, a scientific deep-diving remotely-operated vehicle (ROV). The results are phenomenal, producing footage of life in the abyss and the ability to take samples and conduct experiments on the ocean floor. The Centre also hosts a novel project making use of the robot cameras used in the oil and gas industry for maintenance and exploration. Scientists are using this equipment during stand-by time to study animals in their own habitat. The SERPENT project - Scientific and Environmental ROV Partnership using Existing industrial Technology - is an international collaboration with industry, academia and museums. The SERPENT website is updated with the latest information and images attracting some 2000 visitors a month, which is set to rise with recent web developments. A vital part of the Centre's role is communication with the public to increase awareness of the marine environment. Images are essential for outreach especially as audiences continue to seek pictures from remote and inaccessible locations. This talk will explore how TV and the Internet are changing science outreach and the new challenges that it brings.

Marshall-Brown, K.

2009-04-01

366

The Centre for the Study of Global Governance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1992 at the London School of Economics and Political Science, the Centre for the Study of Global Governance with a substantial grant from the Maurice Laing and Rufford Foundations. As the website notes, the centre's mission is "to inquire into the origins and nature of urgent problems facing the globe, to inform by way of public lectures, seminars, and discussion, and to influence agencies and organizations engaged in seeking and implementing solutions to these urgent problems." From the homepage, visitors can learn about the various leaders and fellows at the Centre, learn about ongoing research projects on global civil society and other topics, and view selected discussion papers and transcripts of public lectures. Some of the rather compelling papers available for consideration here address topics as diverse as the role of international criminal prosecutions in reconstructing divided communities and the impact of globalization in southeastern European countries.

367

The eLISA/NGO Data Processing Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data analysis for the eLISA/NGO mission is going to be performed in several steps. The telemetry is unpacked and checked at ESA's Science Operations Centre (SOC). The instrument teams are providing the necessary calibration files for the SOC to process the Level 1 data. The next steps, the source identification, parameter extraction and construction of a catalogue of sources is performed at the Data Processing Centre (DPC). This includes determining the physical and astrophysical parameters of the sources and their strain time series. At the end of the processing, the produced Level 2 and Level 3 data are then transferred back to the SOC, which provides the data archive and the interface for the scientific community. The DPC is organised by the member states of the consortium. In this paper we describe a possible outline of the data processing centre, including the tasks to be performed, and the organisational structure.

Beckmann, V.; Petiteau, A.; Porter, E.; Auger, G.; Plagnol, E.; Binétruy, P.

2013-01-01

368

Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The web page of the Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing at Swinburne University of Technology of Melbourne, Australia provides links to news articles and information on research programs and educational programs for university students and the general public. There is also information on the Centre's education and outreach programs, including Swinburne Astronomy Online (SAO), which concentrates on fundamental concepts and key issues in contemporary astronomy for amateur astronomers, educators and communicators, people working in related fields, and the general public. Other materials include Cosmos, an online astronomy encyclopedia for general audiences; information on AstroTours, 3D virtual tours of astronomical objects and phenomena; and information on SpaceWorks, the Centre's commercial arm for combining projection and visualization technology with educational content.

369

The International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy is sponsored by a range of international organizations, including the World Bank and the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance. The primary directive of the Centre's website is "to facilitate policy learning through the international exchange of knowledge and information concerning public policy and career development issues." On their site, visitors can look over sections titled "Policy & Research", "Symposia", "Forums", and "Resources". A good way to get started is to check out the "Policy & Research" area. Here visitors can find information about topics that include the Centre's work on expanding access to educational guidance, improving career information, and assessing educational effectiveness in partner countries. After that, visitors can look through the "Categories" listing on the left side of the homepage to look for materials on everything from "Algeria" to "Training and Qualifications".

370

NIWI: Medical Information Centre of the Library KNAW  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Medical Information Centre offers article title, journal title, and key word searches of a much larger set of medical articles (taken from approximately 750 biomedical journals), and allows users to order (for a fee) copies of the articles in print, HTML, or email form. Numerous links to other websites, newsgroups, discussion groups, and email lists as well as a database (currently under construction) that will allow users to search for Internet medical resources, make the Medical Information Centre a great starting point for the netizen with an interest in medicine.

1996-01-01

371

Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines (STICERD) is an economic organization based at the London School of Economics and Political Science in London, England. Founded by Suntory Limited and the Toyota Motor Company Limited of Japan, STICERD hosts a variety of workshops and lectures, and offers financial help to postgraduates and outside research programs. Their Website includes information on STICERD-funded economic programs as well as selected abstracts and full-text discussion papers by the Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (1997-present), the Distributional Analysis Research Programme (1997-present), Econometrics (1998-present), and Theoretical Economics Series (1998-present), among other publication series.

372

International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Criminal Justice Policy A joint initiative of the University of British Columbia, Simon Frasier University, and the Society for the Reform of Criminal Law, the International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy web site provides links to Internet resources relating to criminal law. There are plans to make the Centre's papers and reports available in HTML format; most are currently available as either plain-text or Microsoft Word files. Subjects of the papers range from aboriginal justice to sentencing and corrections. There are links to the other organizations that participate in the United Nations Online Crime and Justice Clearinghouse.

1997-01-01

373

Stakeholder perceptions of a nurse led walk-in centre  

PubMed Central

Background As many countries face primary care medical workforce shortages and find it difficult to provide timely and affordable care they seek to find new ways of delivering first point of contact health care through developing new service models. In common with other areas of rural and regional Australia, the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is currently experiencing a general practitioner (GP) workforce shortage which impacts significantly on the ability of patients to access GP led primary care services. The introduction of a nurse led primary care Walk-in Centre in the ACT aimed to fulfill an unmet health care need in the community and meet projected demand for health care services as well as relieve pressure on the hospital system. Stakeholders have the potential to influence health service planning and policy, to advise on the potential of services to meet population health needs and to assess how acceptable health service innovation is to key stakeholder groups. This study aimed to ascertain the views of key stakeholders about the Walk-in Centre. Methods Stakeholders were purposively selected through the identification of individuals and organisations which had organisational or professional contact with the Walk-in Centre. Semi structured interviews around key themes were conducted with seventeen stakeholders. Results Stakeholders were generally supportive of the Walk-in Centre but identified key areas which they considered needed to be addressed. These included the service's systems, full utilisation of the nurse practitioner role and adequate education and training. It was also suggested that a doctor could be available to the Centre as a source of referral for patients who fall outside the nurses' scope of practice. The location of the Centre was seen to impact on patient flows to the Emergency Department. Conclusion Nurse led Walk-in Centres are one response to addressing primary health care medical workforce shortages. Whilst some stakeholders have reservations about the model others are supportive and see the potential the model has to provide accessible primary health care. Any further developments of nurse-led Walk-in Centres need to take into account the views of key stakeholders so as to ensure that the model is acceptable and sustainable.

2012-01-01

374

Successful ageing: keeping the 'person' in person-centred care.  

PubMed

This article, based on a paper given at the International Network for Studies Concerning Older Adults conference, Brazil, charts the emergence of notions of successful ageing, health-related quality of life and person-centred care which currently figure prominently in debates about health and social care. It argues that these developments reflect the importance given to autonomy and independence, values which potentially disadvantage the oldest and frailest members of society. It is suggested that there is a need for a more inclusive conceptualization of person-centred care, which recognizes the values of interdependence and reciprocity. PMID:12070389

Nolan, M

375

Luminescent properties of bismuth centres in aluminosilicate optical fibres  

SciTech Connect

The shape and spectral position of the luminescence bands of bismuth-doped aluminosilicate glass fibres are shown to depend on excitation power and wavelength. This indicates that the red and IR luminescence bands are composed of several components. The absorption and radiative transitions involved are identified, and a diagram of energy levels and transitions is obtained for four modifications of a bismuth centre in different environments in the aluminosilicate glass network. The effect of local environment on the optical properties of the bismuth centres is examined. (optical fibres and waveguides)

Bulatov, Lenar I [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Mashinskii, Valerii M; Dvoirin, Vladislav V; Dianov, Evgenii M [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Kustov, Evgenii F [Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-02-28

376

Time to learn: understanding patient-centred care.  

PubMed

This article is a literature review of the definition, models and methods of implementation of patient-centred care (PCC). Modern healthcare systems are rapidly changing to adopt a more patient-centred approach to care. However, the implementation of PCC can be hampered by the lack of a clear definition and methods of measurement. It is increasingly important for healthcare providers to understand the core elements of PCC. This article examines the literature to carry out a concept analysis of PCC, including definition, concepts and theoretical perspectives. PMID:20647984

Pelzang, Rinchen

377

Albacore Oceanography Off Oregon - 1970.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During July 1970, albacore boats trolling surface jigs (jig boats) had record catches in an area off the mouth of the Columbia River. The jig fishery declined suddenly in late July and was poor throughout the remainder of the summer. No obvious oceanograp...

W. G. Pearcy

1972-01-01

378

Physical oceanography of oil spills  

SciTech Connect

The introduction of petroleum products and crude oil from ship accidents and damaged platforms into the ocean remains a significant problem. Weather systems of nearly all sizes and time scales may have strong effects on oil slick movement and dispersal. Thunderstorms, local weather systems, mid-latitude high- and low-pressure systems, tropical cyclones, and the trade winds and prevailing westerlies of the planetary wind system are all potentially important agents in the movement and dispersal of oil slicks. Currents driven by these wind systems are influenced by the rotation of the earth, which causes them to veer to the right of the wind in the northern hemisphere. Wind shifts or sudden decreases in wind stress induce circular or inertial oscillations whose period varies with latitude. Near the shore these effects are severely damped by the blocking action of the coast, causing the flow to run more or less parallel to the coastal boundary. All these effects will in turn exert significant control over the movement of entrained oil slicks. In the near-field region of an oil spill tidal currents can also be of considerable importance. Rotary currents, characteristic of open-shelf waters and effective dispersal agents of oil, arise from the influence of the rotation of the earth on the tidal current. Another such interaction between rotation of the earth and the tide produces Kelvin waves, which result in unusually high tidal ranges along the coast to the right of the tidal wave propagation. Both effects have been important in recent oil spills. All these oceanographic processes, reviewed in this talk, have played key roles in major spills over the last 15 years from the Torrey Canyon to the Mega-Borg.

Murray, S.P. (Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge (United States))

1991-03-01

379

Project Earth Science: Physical Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Immerse your students in Earth's most abundant resource--water. Embark on a voyage of discovery as you steer your students through activities designed to teach them about currents, waves, and tides. From an understanding of the properties that make water unique, your students will get a global view of the marine environment, including the impact of human activities on the oceans. This book is one of four in NSTA's popular Project Earth Science series. The other books are Project Earth Science:Geology, Project Earth Science:Astronomy, and Project Earth Science:Meteorology .

Ford, Brent A.; Smith, P. S.

2000-01-01

380

Questions about Careers in Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Knowing the relationship of the ocean to man, the weather and climate, availability of resources from the ocean, use of the ocean in transporation, waste disposal, and defense, and developing an understanding of the impact on the oceans of human activity are all goals of oceanographers. The goal of this brochure is to provide concise informative…

Anderson, Aubrey L.

381

Oceanography: Coastal oceanic nitrogen loss  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oxygen minimum zones crop up along the eastern boundaries of ocean basins in the low latitudes. A survey of the oxygen minimum zone in the eastern South Pacific points to the coastal zone as a hotspot for anammox-driven marine nitrogen loss.

Thamdrup, Bo

2013-03-01

382

HF radio oceanography — A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The understanding and utilization of HF radar sea-echo have enjoyed steady progress since the experimental discovery of the underlying radar\\/sea interaction process over two decades ago. The agreement of theory with measured data confirms the correctness of currently accepted explanations for both the first-order and second-order portions of the sea-echo Doppler spectrum in terms of the wave-height directional spectrum. Furthermore,

Donald E. Barrick

1978-01-01

383

Oceanography for the Visually Impaired  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Amy Bower is a physical oceanographer and senior scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) in Woods Hole, Massachusetts--she has also been legally blind for 14 years. Through her partnership with the Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown, Massachusetts, the oldest K-12 school for the visually impaired in the United States,…

Fraser, Kate

2008-01-01

384

Oceanography for the Visually Impaired  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Amy Bower is a physical oceanographer and senior scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) in Woods Hole, Massachusetts--she has also been legally blind for 14 years. Through her partnership with the Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown, Massachusetts, the oldest K-12 school for the visually impaired in the United States,…

Fraser, Kate

2008-01-01

385

Biological oceanography: Plastic plankton prosper  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Phytoplankton support most marine food webs, but little is known about their intraspecific diversity. Research shows the strains that are most responsive to changes in CO2 concentration may outcompete less flexible types in an acidifying ocean.

Hutchins, David

2013-03-01

386

City Hospital Child Development Centre: An Evaluation of Parental Satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is concerned with the satisfaction expressed by parents whose children attend the Child Development Centre at City Hospital in Birmingham. In addition, participants were also asked questions relating to the extent of their involvement in helping plan specific interventions. Whilst parents expressed satisfaction with service provision in general the results clearly showed that parents: alphaWould like to have

A. Wood

1996-01-01

387

Foreign Police Working In US Internet Fraud Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet Fraud Complaint Center (IFCC), jointly established by the FBI and the National White Collar Crime Center (NWC3) in Morgantown, West Virginia last May, is being augmented by a number of foreign police officers in response to a growing problem with foreign-based Internet fraud complaints. Since the centre's inception, it has received 20 000 complaints from 89 countries. According

Wayne Madsen

2000-01-01

388

Anthropology, Life Histories, and the Aged: The Toronto Baycrest Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the accomplishments of elderly Jews residing at the Toronto Baycrest Centre, a multilevel geriatric facility, who formed a memoir activity group which eventually led to publication of their memoirs. The value of the activity for the group and for other groups of older persons in general is discussed. (JAC)|

Holzberg, Carol S.

1984-01-01

389

User-Centred Ontology Learning for Knowledge Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic ontology building is a vital issue in many fields where they are currently built manually. This paper presents a user-centred methodol- ogy for ontology construction based on the use of Machine Learning and Natu- ral Language Processing. In our approach, the user selects a corpus of texts and sketches a preliminary ontology (or selects an existing one) for a

Christopher Brewster; Fabio Ciravegna; Yorick Wilks

2002-01-01

390

Assessing health centre systems for guiding improvement in diabetes care  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people in Australia experience the highest prevalence of diabetes in the country, an excess of preventable complications and early death. There is increasing evidence demonstrating the importance of healthcare systems for improvement of chronic illness care. The aims of this study were to assess the status of systems for chronic illness care in Aboriginal community health centres, and

Damin Si; Ross Bailie; Christine Connors; Michelle Dowden; Allison Stewart; Gary Robinson; Joan Cunningham; Tarun Weeramanthri

2005-01-01

391

Multi-centre investigation on reference ranges for ROTEM thromboelastometry.  

PubMed

Reagent-supported thromboelastometry (TEM) with the ROTEM Whole Blood Haemostasis Analyser is an enhancement of thromboelastography, a method that is increasingly used for the point of care monitoring of acute perioperative bleeding disorders. We investigated the reference ranges of two activated tests (INTEM and EXTEM) and a test analysing specifically the fibrin component of coagulation (FIBTEM) in a multi-centre approach. The reference ranges obtained for the clotting time (CT), clot formation time (CFT), alpha angle (ALP), maximum clot firmness (MCF) and clot lysis parameters were comparable from centre to centre. INTEM: CT equals; 137-246 s, CFT equals; 40-100 s, MCF equals; 52-72 mm. EXTEM: CT equals; 42-74 s, CFT equals; 46-148 s, MCF equals; 49-71 mm. FIBTEM: MCF equals; 9-25 mm. ROTEM whole blood coagulation correlated weakly with a trend towards enhanced coagulation in females compared with males and in advanced age. The repeatability (within-run imprecision) of the results was dependent on the test with the following coefficients of variation: 1-5% (clot firmness, alpha angle), 3-12% (CT, CFT), 6-13% (FIBTEM clot firmness). Citrated blood samples were stable for ROTEM analysis stored within 6 h from drawing. In summary, the data showed that ROTEM thromboelastometry yields consistent values between centres and that providing general orientating reference ranges seems to be possible. PMID:15870552

Lang, Thomas; Bauters, Anne; Braun, Siegmund L; Pötzsch, Bernd; von Pape, Klaus-Werner; Kolde, Hans-Jürgen; Lakner, Meret

2005-06-01

392

DATA DISTRIBUTION CENTRE OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE  

EPA Science Inventory

The Data Distribution Centre (DDC) has been established to facilitate the timely distribution of a consistent set of up-to-date scenarios of changes in climate and related environmental and socio-economic factors for use in climate impacts assessments....

393

In the Field: Mansfield: An Enduring Outdoor Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mansfield Outdoor Centre (Ontario) is a privately operated outdoor education center delivering school programs for grades 5-8. The philosophy that humans and the environment are interdependent and all life has inherent value is delivered via residential programs that immerse students in situations where living and learning are inseparable.…

Berti, Bob

2000-01-01

394

A Student-centred Learning Approach to Teaching Soil Mechanics  

Microsoft Academic Search

A project has been undertaken to establish the effectiveness of a student-centred learning approach to teaching students applications of Critical State Soil Mechanics taught more transmissively in lectures, and to determine whether such an approach significantly enhances learning of the theory itself. The project was undertaken as part of the new Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice at Nottingham University. A

G. R. McDOWELL

2001-01-01

395

Cooperative Research Centres: The Concept and Its Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia's Cooperative Research Centres Program, a system of 52 research and development (R&D) units, links researchers from public and private sectors, helping industry and scientific community coordinate research efforts. The program represents 6% of the national R&D effort and spans six major R&D and industry sectors. (MSE)

Slatyer, Ralph O.

1994-01-01

396

Student Experience of a Scenario-Centred Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2006 UCL implemented new scenario-centred degree programmes in Civil and Environmental Engineering. The new curriculum can be characterised as a hybrid of problem-based, project-based and traditional approaches to learning. Four times a year students work in teams for one week on a scenario which aims to integrate learning from lecture and…

Bell, Sarah; Galilea, Patricia; Tolouei, Reza

2010-01-01

397

Language Experiences of Preverbal Children in Australian Childcare Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the language experiences of preverbal infants in Australian childcare centres with the aim of examining cultural regulation within the childcare context. Language is defined as a social and communicative act that is related to the development of voluntary action (Vygotsky 1962; Lock 1980; Leontiev 1994). The study uses…

Nyland, Berenice

2009-01-01

398

Towards a pattern language for information-centred business change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business change designates one of the most conspicuous and most pervasive features of organisational life. However, there has been very little consideration of business change in itself, rather the emphasis has been on studying the outcomes of this change. This paper focuses on a subset of business change that is centred on the information flows of the organisation and is

C. Matthew Hinton

2002-01-01

399

In the Field: Mansfield: An Enduring Outdoor Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Mansfield Outdoor Centre (Ontario) is a privately operated outdoor education center delivering school programs for grades 5-8. The philosophy that humans and the environment are interdependent and all life has inherent value is delivered via residential programs that immerse students in situations where living and learning are inseparable.…

Berti, Bob

2000-01-01

400

Constraints to promoting people centred approaches in recycling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public participation is considered the touchstone for the success of recycling schemes. In recognition of this, the trend in recycling policy and legislation is geared towards promoting people centred approaches in recycling with public education as the main driver towards increasing public participation. Most of the time, these initiatives do not take into consideration the perceptions and attitudes of the

Benjamin Bolaane

2006-01-01

401

Territorialism: leisure and community centres in Northern Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pattern of council leisure provision in Northern Ireland can be viewed in territorial terms. There are examples of leisure and community centres sited to serve one community to the exclusion of another. The corollary of such an approach is to blame district councils for using leisure services, in the absence of other major functions, in an overtly political and

Colin Knox

1987-01-01

402

Effects of hip joint centre mislocation on gait analysis results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods to determine the hip joint centre (HJC) location are necessary in gait analysis. It has been demonstrated that the methods proposed in the literature involve large mislocation errors. The choice should be made according to the extent by which HJC location errors distort the estimates of angles and resultant moments at the hip and knee joints. This study aimed

Rita Stagni; Alberto Leardini; Aurelio Cappozzo; Maria Grazia Benedetti; Angelo Cappello

2000-01-01

403

The Makana Regional Centre of Expertise: Experiments in Social Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article deliberates the possibilities for Regional Centres of Expertise (RCEs) to become "experiments" in social learning. The purpose of the article is to advance the broader research agenda of RCEs through reflection on the empirical research agenda of one RCE, Makana RCE in South Africa. As such it opens questions on how we might see…

Lotz-Sisitka, Heila; O'Donoghue, Rob; Wilmot, Di

2010-01-01

404

SPILL STRUCTURE MEASUREMENTS AT THE HEIDELBERG ION THERAPY CENTRE  

Microsoft Academic Search

A specially designed accelerator facility for tumour irradiation located at the Heidelberg University Hospital was built up, the commissioning is still ongoing. Technically the Heidelberg Ion Therapy Centre (HIT) fully relies on the three dimensional intensity-controlled raster scan technique developed at GSI. This method demands for smoothly extracted ion beams (from protons to oxygen) from the HIT synchrotron. For this

A. Peters; R. Cee; T. Hoffmann; A. Reiter; M. Schwickert; T. Winkelmann

405

Constructing Learning Spaces? Videoconferencing at Local Learning Centres in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores videoconferencing in the context of local learning centres in Sweden. The practice is described as a "learning space" in which adult learners construct socio-spatial relations. The study goes beyond a sociological apprehension of actors and opposes the idea of the material as neutral, passive and conformed by practice. On the…

Logdlund, Ulrik

2010-01-01

406

Work–Life Imbalance in Call Centres and Software Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThe paper evaluates the centrality of work to employees in two growing employment sectors, call-centres and software development. It then examines evidence for extensions of work into household and family life in these two sectors. Extensions are identified as tangible, such as unpaid overtime, or intangible, represented by incursions imported from work, such as exhaustion and stress. The study finds

Jeff Hyman; Chris Baldry; Dora Scholarios; Dirk Bunzel

2003-01-01

407

A FAILED SEA-FLOOR SPREADING CENTRE, SANTOS BASIN, BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regional evaluation of the Santos Basin, Brazil, using 2-D seismic and gravity \\/ magnetic data has revealed a linear basement anomaly within the centre of the basin, extending NNE from a large igneous body to the western end of the Santos Fault. This feature coincides with an area of high thermal maturity within potential source rocks and with poor permeability

Iain C. Scotchman; Gil Marais-Gilchrist; Fernando Gomes de Souza; Fabiana Fonseca Chaves; Lois A. Atterton; Alan Roberts

408

Carnivalesque Enactment at the Children's Medical Centre of Rabin Hospital.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the basic characteristics of the "carnivalesque enactment" and its therapeutic potential. Explains a case study of the drama project at the Rabin Children's Medical Centre, how the carnivalesque enactment was developed step by step, and the kind of effect it stimulated among the children. Suggests new theatrical experiments with…

Lev-Aladgem, Shulamith

2000-01-01

409

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre Bulletin No. 55.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Instructions for the construction of the following apparatus for the secondary school science laboratory are included in this issue of the Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre Bulletin: a cheap water purifier using an expendable deionizer can; a simple amplifier suitable for detecting or displaying D. C. currents of 1 microamp or…

1972

410

Empowerment, patient centred care and self-management.  

PubMed

Background? Patient or person centred care is widely accepted as the philosophy and practice that underpins quality care. An examination of the Australian National Chronic Disease Strategy and literature in the field highlights assumptions about the self-manager as patient and a focus on clinical settings. Objective and Conclusion? This paper considers patient or person centred care in the light of empowerment as it is understood in the health promotion charters first established in Alma Ata in 1977. We argue that patient or person centred care can be reconfigured within a social justice and rights framework and that doing so supports the creation of conditions for well-being in the broader context, one that impacts strongly on individuals. These arguments have broader implications for the practice of patient centred care as it occurs between patient and health professional and for creating shared responsibility for management of the self. It also has implications for those who manage their health outside of the health sector. PMID:22212306

Pulvirenti, Mariastella; McMillan, John; Lawn, Sharon

2012-01-01

411

Cyberage Narratives: Creative Computing in After-School Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article two computer-produced multimedia stories created by children in their after-school centre are analysed, building on the assumption that children draw that which is important for them. The aim is to make visible the significance of narrative structure, reaccentuation, intertextuality, multivoicedness and various levels of…

Klerfelt, Anna

2006-01-01

412

Student-Centred Pedagogy in Turkey: Conceptualisations, Interpretations and Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to explore recent curricular reforms to advocate student-centred pedagogy (SCP) in primary schools in Turkey. By using a case study approach, the article examines teacher views on SCP, classroom practices and perceived challenges in implementation process. The study highlights some of the unintended consequences of…

Altinyelken, Hulya Kosar

2011-01-01

413

Locating the centre of mass by mechanical means  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses moment planimeters, which are mechanical devices with which is it possible to locate the centre of mass of an irregular plane shape by mechanical and graphical methods. They are a type of analogue computing device. In addition to this they may be used to find the static moment (first moment) and moment of inertia (second moment) of

C J Sangwin

414

Human-centred Intelligent Systems and Soft Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the abstract features of human\\/machine interaction systems that are required for the production of intelligent behaviour. A conceptual architecture is then proposed for a subset of intelligent systems called human-centred intelligent systems (HCISs) and it is argued that such systems must be autonomous, robust and adaptive in order to be intelligent. Soft computing is proposed as a

B. Azvine; W. Wobcke

1998-01-01

415

Distribution centre location modelling for differential sales tax structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The central sales tax (CST) in India results in a differential sales tax structure. This contributes significantly to distribution network decisions that build logistics inefficiencies in firms operating in India. In this paper, we develop a model for determining distribution centres (DCs) locations considering the impact of CST. A non-linear mixed integer-programming problem that is formulated initially is approximated to

Balram Avittathur; Janat Shah; Omprakash K. Gupta

2005-01-01

416

Introduction of ICT and Multimedia into Cambodia's Teacher Training Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the integration of ICT in the teacher training centres of Cambodia. It focuses on the collaboration between the Teacher Training Department of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MoEYS) of Cambodia and VVOB (Flemish Association for Development Cooperation and Technical Assistance), which is aimed at improving ICT…

Dionys, David

2012-01-01

417

PROGRESS IN RADIOCARBON TARGET PREPARATION AT THE ANTARES AMS CENTRE  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present routine methods of target preparation for radiocarbon analysis at the ANTARES Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) Centre, as well as recent developments which have decreased our procedural blank level and improved our ability to process small samples containing less than 200 µg of carbon. Routine methods of 14C sample preparation include sample pretreatment, CO2 extraction (combustion, hydrolysis and water

Q Hua; SmithM J McGann

418

Focus groups with Latino communities to inform safety centre services  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeIn the US, unintentional injury is the third leading cause of death in the Latino population compared to fifth in the White population. The Children are safe (CARES) mobile safety centre is a 40-foot vehicle designed like an urban home to teach injury prevention messages and provide access to low cost safety products. Interested in reaching out to Latino communities

E M McDonald; K McGroarty; S Parsons; A C Gielen

2010-01-01

419

Establishing a Contact Centre for Public Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing part of population is used to performing transactions on-line via the Internet, even in relationships to authorities. Not even the health care sector can escape this trend. Patients put pressures on health care providers through contacting them through telephone and the Internet. In this article we discuss the future of contact centres in health care. We scan through

Reima Suomi; Jarmo Tähkäpää

2003-01-01

420

The topological centre of skew product dynamical systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We continue our work (Jabbari and Vishki in Bull. Aust. Math. Soc. 79: 129–145, 2009) to give a more explicit characterization of the topological centre of the Ellis groups corresponding to the so-called skew\\u000a product dynamical systems on the finite dimensional tori.

A. Jabbari; H. R. Ebrahimi Vishki

2011-01-01

421

Toward a Student-Centred Process of Teaching Arithmetic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a way toward a student-centred process of teaching arithmetic, where the content is harmonized with the students' conceptual levels. At school start, one classroom teacher is guided in recurrent teaching development meetings in order to develop teaching based on the students' prerequisites and to successively learn the…

Eriksson, Gota

2011-01-01

422

Germinal centres: role in B-cell physiology and malignancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past several years, studies on normal and malignant B cells have provided new insights into the unique physiology of the germinal centre (GC). In particular, advances in technology have allowed a more precise dissection of the phenotypes of GC B cells and the specific transcriptional programmes that are responsible for this phenotype. Furthermore, substantial progress has been made

Ulf Klein; Riccardo Dalla-Favera

2008-01-01

423

Education and Public Outreach as the SIRTF Science Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communicating the world of infrared astronomy to the public is the main vocation of the Education and Public Outreach Office of the SIRTF Science Centre; but certainly not its only goal. In the past few years we have created a wide variety of educational products that explains the infrared as well as the multi-wavelength universe. We've produced a suite of

Doris Daou; Michelle Thaller

2002-01-01

424

Advances in Australian music documentation at the Australia music centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the Australia Music Centre Limited was established as a non-profit company on 14 August 1974, few of those involved may have foreseen the impact it was to have on Australian music in the first year of its public activities, following the official opening on 27 February 1976 of its offices in the ‘Rocks’ area of Sydney, one of the

Philip J. Drummond

1979-01-01

425

Cost structure in college and university student health centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines cost structure for the provision of health care in college and university student health centres. Empirical estimates of a translog cost function for 81 American College Health Association member institutions show economies of scale in the production of student health care.

Maryann Brady; Djeto Assane; Lewis Karstensson

1994-01-01

426

G-EXEC and the World Data Centre.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There are good reasons for establishing Data Centres and for using generalised software. Database management systems can be worth while, but choosing one is not easy. G-EXEC is a data management system based on relational database concepts and designed to...

B. J. Read

1983-01-01

427

Constructing Learning Spaces? Videoconferencing at Local Learning Centres in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores videoconferencing in the context of local learning centres in Sweden. The practice is described as a "learning space" in which adult learners construct socio-spatial relations. The study goes beyond a sociological apprehension of actors and opposes the idea of the material as neutral, passive and conformed by practice. On…

Logdlund, Ulrik

2010-01-01

428

Physical Activity Promotion in Call Centres: Employers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study followed a predominantly qualitative approach to explore the perspectives of employers in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, call centres (CCs) regarding physical activity (PA) promotion in workplaces, by identifying current practices and employers' motivation to promote PA, as well as perceived facilitators and barriers. In-depth interviews…

Renton, Sheila J.; Lightfoot, Nancy E.; Maar, Marion A.

2011-01-01

429

ASSESSING THE E-CAPABILITY OF AUSTRALIAN VISITOR INFORMATION CENTRES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visitor Information Centres (VICs) play an important role in the promotion of tourist destinations - a role achieved through the provision of information. However, the nature of information provision is changing, primarily in response to the evolving information infrastructure, therefore this paper considers the information needs of virtual and face-to-face users of VICs and how VICs can meet their needs

John D'Ambra; Nina Mistilis

430

Regional PATLIB centres as integrated one-stop service providers for intellectual property services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exemplifying the case of PATON, a large patent information centre in Germany, this paper describes a wide range of services PATLIB centres can offer today. The expansion of its scope of products and services beyond classical patent information in order to become a regional patent centre is also described. The paper further argues that PATLIB centres can benefit from an

Christian Sternitzke; Adam Bartkowski; Reinhard Schramm

2007-01-01

431

Review of the Contribution of the Scottish Science Centres Network to Formal and Informal Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002, HM Inspectorate of Education (HMIE) carried out a review of the contribution of the Scottish science centres to formal and informal science education as part of a broader review of all science centres in the United Kingdom. This report identifies many strengths in individual centres and across the network. It is clear that the centres

Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

432

Electronic processes and Z centres in NaCl and KC1 crystals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper gives the experimental results of the “team-work” study of coloured “pure” and Ca doped NaCl and KC1 crystals. The mechanism of the formation ofR centres by coagulation ofF centres and of the formation ofZ centres fromF centres, cation vacancies and Ca ions is discussed. An alternative model forZ3 centres is proposed. The possible connections between physical and chemical

A. Bohun; J. Kanturek; J. Trnka; M. Lébl

1960-01-01

433

3 or 1? - 3D cone-sheet architecture provides insight into the centre(s) of Ardnamurchan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Palaeogene Ardnamurchan igneous centre, NW Scotland, was a defining place for the development of classic concepts of cone-sheet, ring-dyke, and dyke emplacement. It holds therefore an iconic status among geologists and has influenced our understanding of subvolcanic structures fundamentally. We have used historic geological maps of Ardnamurchan to project the underlying three-dimensional (3D) cone-sheet structure. The results illustrate that a single elongate magma chamber likely acted as the source of the cone-sheet swarms, instead of the traditionally accepted model of three successive centres. Our finding is moreover consistent with recent sedimentological, geochemical, geophysical, and structural investigations that all support a ridge-like morphology for the Ardnamurchan volcano. This challenges the static model of cone-sheet emplacement that involves successive but independent centres in favour of a dynamical one that involves a single, but elongate magma chamber that is progressively evolving. The latter model reduces the lifetime required for the Ardnamurchan centre considerably.

Burchardt, Steffi; Troll, Valentin R.; Mathieu, Lucie; Emeleus, Henry C.; Donaldson, Colin H.

2013-04-01

434

The ‘Centre Effect’ in Nephrology: What Do Differences between Nephrology Centres Tell Us about Clinical Performance in Patient Management?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improving the quality of care provided by nephrology centres to patients with kidney disease requires a clear understanding of how to compare performance after adjustment for case mix, combined with a detailed understanding of the structure and processes that are associated with the achievement of good clinical results. In this review, we discuss how to measure quality of care (using

Alexandra Hodsman; Yoav Ben-Shlomo; Paul Roderick; Charles R. V. Tomson

2011-01-01

435

The dynamics of the cat retinal X cell centre.  

PubMed Central

1. The dynamics of the centre mechanism of individual cat X retinal ganglion cells is investigated. The visual stimuli consist of temporal contrast modulation of stationary patterns. In order to study the response of the centre mechanism, patterns were either sine gratings of high spatial frequency or small circular spots positioned over the receptive-field centre. 2. Responses to contrast reversal are approximately linear. However, as the modulation depth of the stimulus increases, responses become more transient. Ganglion cell responses show this phenomenon at moderate contrasts (e.g. 0.1), which do not elicit discharges that approach the maximum firing rate of the ganglion cell. 3. A sequence of dynamical models are constructed from responses elicited by sum-of-sinusoids modulation of the spatial pattern. The first model is strictly linear. It consists of a series of low-pass filters and a single high-pass filter. The linear model predicts the approximate shape of the step response, but does not account for the change in shape of the response as a function of modulation depth. 4. The second model, a quasi-linear model, allows the 'linear' dynamics to vary slowly with a neural measure of contrast. The main effect of high contrast is a shorter time constant in the high-pass filter. This model accounts qualitatively for the increased transience of the response, but fails to predict the magnitude of the effect at higher modulation depths. 5. In the third model, the transfer characteristics of the centre response adjust rapidly as contrast changes. This intrinsically non-linear model provides excellent agreement with observed response to steps and more complex modulation patterns. 6. The non-linearity necessitated by a voltage-to-spikes transduction is analysed quantitatively. In most ganglion cells, a simple truncation at 0 impulses/s (and no saturation) explains the changes in apparent gain and mean firing rate that occur as modulation depth is increased. A non-linear voltage-to-spike transduction per se cannot account for the observed effect of contrast on dynamics. 7. The parameters of the dynamical model are measured for a population of twenty-seven X ganglion cells (nineteen on-centre and eight off-centre). The low-pass stage and the strength of the high-pass stage are relatively uniform across the population. The over-all gain and the dynamics of the high-pass stage vary substantially across the population, but show no consistent dependence on the on-off distinction or on retinal location. Some implications of this variability for retinal function are discussed.

Victor, J D

1987-01-01

436

Patient centred care in diabetology: an Islamic perspective from Iran.  

PubMed

Patient-centred system of care is essential in managing many disorders such as diabetes mellitus. The cultural and religious context can influence the involvement of patients and their families in such a care. We intend to discuss patient-centred care in diabetology in view of Islam. For more clarification, we will take into consideration a few illustrative lines of argument in detail about situation in Iran. In conclusion, dynamic spirit of Islamic jurisprudence is reflected in its adaptability to change in medical practice. In recent decades, Iranian religious scholars have provided scientists in new fields of science and research with appropriate directions and guidelines. Decree issued by Iranian religious leaders permitting research on stem cells for therapeutic purposes in many disorders including diabetes mellitus is one example. Understanding of the nature of Islam is importance for communication with patients in Islamic countries. PMID:23663445

Larijani, Bagher; Zahedi, Farzaneh

2013-05-10

437

Patient centred care in diabetology: an Islamic perspective from Iran  

PubMed Central

Patient-centred system of care is essential in managing many disorders such as diabetes mellitus. The cultural and religious context can influence the involvement of patients and their families in such a care. We intend to discuss patient-centred care in diabetology in view of Islam. For more clarification, we will take into consideration a few illustrative lines of argument in detail about situation in Iran. In conclusion, dynamic spirit of Islamic jurisprudence is reflected in its adaptability to change in medical practice. In recent decades, Iranian religious scholars have provided scientists in new fields of science and research with appropriate directions and guidelines. Decree issued by Iranian religious leaders permitting research on stem cells for therapeutic purposes in many disorders including diabetes mellitus is one example. Understanding of the nature of Islam is importance for communication with patients in Islamic countries.

2013-01-01

438

European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Given their affiliation with the United Nations, it is not surprising that the European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research is well-known for their ambitious work on such topics as affordable housing, social integration, and disability welfare. While their homepage is a bit difficult to navigate at first, it does contain an all-inclusive Âsearch function, along with easy access to their in-house newsletter. After browsing around a bit, visitors may wish to proceed to the ÂResearch Areas section. Here they can take a look through some of their thematic research areas (such as labor markets and migrations), view a list of recent publications, and learn about the researchers working in each area. As might be expected, the Centre also sponsors a number of conventions and meetings, and visitors can also find out about these activities here, if they so desire.

439

Plans for a German Grid Operations and Support Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The German grid initiative D-Grid brings together various scientific and commercial projects in fields like medicine, engineering, banking, meteorology using the same grid infrastructure. In this infrastructure, which comprises more than 30 computing centres, three middleware stacks (gLite, Globus and Unicore) are deployed and used by the various communities. This variety of applications as well as of middleware calls for well organised operations and support. The German Grid Operations and Support Centre (GOSC) aim to answer this challenge and also provides an uplink to international activities like EGI. The GOSC will provide middleware services like reference installations for the various middleware flavours. It will manage the national grid operations (regional monitoring, SLA enforcement) and will be responsible for providing VO and user services, like application support and a helpdesk.

Reißer, Sabin

440

Criteria for EASO-collaborating centres for obesity management.  

PubMed

Obesity is recognised as a global epidemic and the most prevalent metabolic disease world-wide. Specialised obesity services, however, are not widely available in Europe, and obesity care can vary enormously across European regions. The European Association for the Study of Obesity (EASO, www.easo.org) has developed these criteria to form a pan-European network of accredited EASO-Collaborating Centres for Obesity Management (EASO-COMs) in accordance with accepted European and academic guidelines. This network will include university, public and private clinics and will ensure that the obese and overweight patient is managed by a holistic team of specialists and receives comprehensive state-ofthe-art clinical care. Furthermore, the participating centres, under the umbrella of EASO, will work closely for quality control, data collection, and analysis as well as for education and research for the advancement of obesity care and obesity science. PMID:21921658

Tsigos, Constantine; Hainer, Vojtech; Basdevant, Arnaud; Finer, Nick; Mathus-Vliegen, Elisabeth; Micic, Dragan; Maislos, Maximo; Roman, Gabriela; Schutz, Yves; Toplak, Hermann; Yumuk, Volkan; Zahorska-Markiewicz, Barbara

2011-08-11

441

The colour centre in the cerebral cortex of man  

Microsoft Academic Search

ANATOMICAL and physiological studies have shown that there is an area specialized for the processing of colour (area V4) in the prestriate cortex of macaque monkey brain1. Earlier this century, suggestive clinical evidence for a colour centre in the brain of man2,3 was dismissed4-8 because of the association of other visual defects with the defects in colour vision4,5,7. However, since

C. J. Lueck; S. Zeki; K. J. Friston; M.-P. Deiber; P. Cope; V. J. Cunningham; A. A. Lammertsma; C. Kennard; R. S. J. Frackowiak

1989-01-01

442

The Ellipse and the Five-centred Arch  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: thispaper we look at the next step in improving accuracy: insertion of an additional arc between each of theprevious arcs to form the five-centred arch. Figure 1a shows the basic geometry. The ellipse has semi-majorand semi-minor axes of length a and b respectively. The three approximating arcs are drawn in one of thequadrants, and have parametersarc A 1 :

Paul L. Rosin; Michael L. V. Pitteway

2001-01-01

443

Centre for Innovation in Mathematics Teaching: Interactive Tutorials (Book 7)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Plymouth, the Centre for Innovation in Mathematics Teaching has developed many instructional materials designed to help both novice and experienced math teachers. This particular area of the website provides access to a number of interactive mathematics tutorials. The materials cover a variety of basic algebra and mathematics topics. Example questions and exercises are provided within each unit. Topics include linear equations, decimals, fractions, basic arithmetic, fractions and more.

2011-01-10

444

Proper Motion Analysis of the Galactic Centre Quintuplet Cluster  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Individual proper motions of stars in the Galactic centre Quintuplet cluster were derived from two epochs of VLT/NACO observations. Cluster and field stars could be discerned based on their measured proper motions and a clean sample of cluster members was established after a subsequent colour-cut. From this sample the present-day mass function was derived for three different cluster ages and found to be top-heavy in all cases.

Hussmann, B.; Stolte, A.; Brandner, W.; Gennaro, M.

445

The n -centre problem of celestial mechanics for large energies  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   We consider the classical three-dimensional motion in a potential which is the sum of n attracting or repelling Coulombic potentials. Assuming a non-collinear configuration of the n centres, we find a universal behaviour for all energies E above a positive threshold. Whereas for n=1 there are no bounded orbits, and for n=2 there is just one closed orbit, for n?3 the bounded orbits

Andreas Knauf

2002-01-01

446

Ethical considerations during human centred overt and covert research  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the research process, several ethical issues have to be considered in ensuring the safety of the research participants.\\u000a This is especially true in the case of human centred research designs in which people, not objects are the focus of research.\\u000a This article reviews several of the issues that researchers should consider before, during and after the planning, implementation\\u000a and

J. P. van Deventer

2009-01-01

447

Coding patient-centred behaviour in the medical encounter  

Microsoft Academic Search

A patient-centred approach is increasingly advocated and incorporated in medical education. Due to its multi-dimensionality, however, the concept of patient-centredness appears to be hard to measure and, consequently, to evaluate. The objective of this study was to develop an instrument to measure patient-centredness in line with one central dimension, i.e. physicians’ explorative communication skills: the tendency to encourage (or discourage)

Linda C. Zandbelt; Ellen M. A. Smets; Frans J. Oort

2005-01-01

448

Causes of morbidity in children attending a primary health centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  An analysis of pediatric attendances at Dyalpur Health Centre in Haryana, was undertaken covering a period of 15 months. It\\u000a was found that the pediatric group constituted 44.1% of the total attendances. The ten leading causes of morbidity were upper\\u000a respiratory tract infections, gastroenteritis, superficial infections of the skin, pyrexia of unknown origin, ulcers and injury,\\u000a otitis media, anaemia, lower

Ishwar C. Verma; Santosh Kumar

1968-01-01

449

Criteria for EASO-Collaborating Centres for Obesity Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

SummaryObesity is recognised as a global epidemic and the most prevalent metabolic disease world-wide. Specialised obesity services, however, are not widely available in Europe, and obesity care can vary enormously across European regions. The European Association for the Study of Obesity (EASO, www.easo.org) has developed these criteria to form a pan-European network of accredited EASO-Collaborating Centres for Obesity Management (EASO-COMs)

Constantine Tsigos; Vojtech Hainer; Arnaud Basdevant; Nick Finer; Elisabeth Mathus-Vliegen; Dragan Micic; Maximo Maislos; Gabriela Roman; Yves Schutz; Hermann Toplak; Volkan Yumuk; Barbara Zahorska-Markiewicz

2011-01-01

450

Potential organ donors referred to Ontario neurosurgical centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Eleven hospitals in Ontario are adult neurosurgical centres (ONCs). Patients transferred to ONCs from community hospitals\\u000a with acute intracranial emergencies often have non-survivable injuries, and may be returned to the referring hospital for\\u000a end-of-life care. These referring hospitals may not be familiar with neurological determination of death, or organ donation.\\u000a Our objective was to determine the number of patients with

Nicole A. Tenn-Lyn; Christopher James Doig; Sam D. Shemie; Jeannie Teitelbaum; Dan E. Cass

2006-01-01

451

Cocaine Use in Europe – A Multi-Centre Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increase in the use of cocaine and crack in several parts of Europe has raised the question whether this trend is similar to that of the USA in the 1980s. However, research in the field of cocaine use in Europe has been only sporadic. Therefore, a European multi-centre and multi-modal project was designed to study specific aspects of cocaine

Christian Haasen; Michael Prinzleve; Heike Zurhold; Juergen Rehm; Franziska Güttinger; Gabriele Fischer; Reinhold Jagsch; Börje Olsson; Mats Ekendahl; Annette Verster; Antonella Camposeragna; Anne-Marie Pezous; Michael Gossop; Victoria Manning; Gemma Cox; Niamh Ryder; Jozsef Gerevich; Erika Bacskai; Miguel Casas; Josep Lluis Matali; Michael Krausz

2004-01-01

452

User-Centred Design for Team Sports Wearable Display  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the user-centred design and development of a new wearable display system for team sports, named TeamAwear. Wearable display is a class of display that is worn on the body and is able to communicate information about the wearer. The application of such a technology within a team sport context has the potential to enhance the game-play experience.

Mitchell Page; Andrew Vande Moere

453

Relaxing the nearest centre assumption in central place theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   Although a variety of modifications of classical central place theory has been proposed, one area that remains unexplored\\u000a is the effect of relaxing the nearest centre assumption for the purchase of a specified basket of goods within a given hierarchical\\u000a level. This article examines the effect of such a relaxation on central place market areas by using higher-order Voronoi

Robert South; Barry Boots

1999-01-01

454

Service quality perceptions in primary health care centres in Greece.  

PubMed

Context? The paper refers to the increased competition between health care providers and the need for patient-centred services in Greece. Using service quality methodology, this paper investigates service quality perceptions of patients in Greek public primary health centres. Objective? To test the internal consistency and applicability of SERVQUAL in primary health care centres in Greece. Strategy? SERVQUAL was used to examine whether patients have different expectations from health care providers and whether different groups of patients may consider some dimensions of care more important than others. Results? The analysis showed that there were gaps in all dimensions measured by SERVQUAL. The largest gap was detected in empathy. Further analysis showed that there were also differences depending on gender, age and education levels. A separate analysis of expectations and perceptions revealed that this gap was because of differences in patients' perceptions rather than expectations. Discussion and conclusions? This paper raises a number of issues that concern the applicability of SERVQUAL in health care services and could enhance current discussions about SERVQUAL improvement. Quality of health care needs to be redefined by encompassing multiple dimensions. Beyond a simple expectations-perceptions gap, people may hold different understandings of health care that, in turn, influence their perception of the quality of services. PMID:22296402

Papanikolaou, Vicky; Zygiaris, Sotiris

2012-02-01

455

The science centre movement in India: a conspectus.  

PubMed

The present article is about the development of the science museum net in India started in 1956, when the government of that country created the Industry and Technology Museum in Calcutta. In the 1960's and 1970's, due to the need of simple programs for rural communities and small villages, the idea of Mobile Science Exhibits (MSE) started. In order to take universal scientific concepts to those who could not visit museums, the Museobus was projected. At that time, the educational focus in museums changes from exhibiting artifacts to encouraging learning through "doing". The Exploratorium in San Francisco influenced the approach of museums in India. While the first Science Centre was built in Mumbai, the Planning COmmission of the Indian government created a task force to study the development of Sciences Museums. In 1978, the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM) was created as an independent institution, which later became part of the Ministry of Education and Social Welfare. Twenty-five years after the creation of the Council, the movement for informal science teaching had acquired a solid background. In 1978, their priority was to expand the net of science Centres and Museums. Now, the priority is to achieve better quality and more efficient communication. Nowadays, Indian Science Centres evaluate the impact their activities have on individual, social and economic reality. With new technologies and approaches, they try to emphasize their relevance in a society that is characterized by having a great number of languages and poor education in science. PMID:16676474

Mukhopadhyay, Ingit Kumar

2005-01-01

456

A five-year study of a haemophilia reference centre.  

PubMed Central

Attendances at the Regional Haemophilia Reference Centre in the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary have been analysed over a period of five years from 1969 to 1973. Of 77 patients registered in 1969, 64 had haemophilia A (factor VIII deficiency) and 13 had haemophilia B (factor IX deficiency). In 1973 the numbers were 68 and 14 respectively. An increased attendance at the Centre from 123 in 1969 to 624 in 1973 was noted. This was due to patients reporting earlier and more frequently for outpatient treatment of haemarthroses which occurred with the greater availability of supplies of factor VIII. The number of admissions for inpatient treatment did not change significantly over the period. Haemarthrosis of the knee was the commonest dominant lesion. The amount of replacement therapy in the form of fresh frozen plasma, cryoprecipitate, antihaemophilic fraction, and factors II, IX, and X concentrate used in the Centre (ie, excluding that used for elective procedures) increased from 2704 donor units in 1969 to 8778 donor units in 1973, the main increase being in cryoprecipitate. The number of factor VIII units used per patient attending per year, for both elective and emergency treatment in haemophiliacs, is recorded and discussed as are its effects on the treatment patterns of patients and the implications for the future.

Ramsay, D M; Khoo, K K

1975-01-01

457

Role of operation centres in the future exploration programme.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the Apollo programme, the role of ground operations was at the minimum due to limited communication means. The absence of support to the astronaut limited the science return of the missions by imposing very coarse operations. The Space Shuttle era saw the implementation of the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite Systems which since 1983 leads to unprecedented ground monitoring and commanding capabilities and presently allows ground operation centres to conduct experiments on the ISS either independently or in support of the crew. These aspects of telescience on the ISS are currently exercised in Europe by the USOC's (User support and Operation Centres) and a few examples of the successes of this concept on external payloads will be described. The extension of this telescience aspect to robotic exploration brings some of the advantages of manned flight to automatic missions. The advantages of testing dedicated exploration operation centres during automatic missions are of different orders: direct science enhancement, increase of the exploration manned base, direct involvement of scientists in exploration operations and finally training for the operations of the manned flights. Examples in the current and near future Mars missions will be shown. In the final stage of exploration: manned flight, the role of ground support will increase crew efficiency and limit the dangers of astronaut exhaustion. The necessary infrastructure to fulfil this role will be described.

Muller, C.; Moreau, D.; Daerden, F.; Michel, A.

2009-04-01

458

A New Acoustic Test Facility at Alcatel Space Test Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the obsolescence of its acoustic test facility, Alcatel Space has initiated the investment of a large acoustic chamber on its test centre located in Cannes, south of France. This paper presents the main specification elaborated to design the facility, and the solution chosen : it will be located on a dedicated area of the existing test centre and will be based on technical solution already used in similar facilities over the world. The main structure consists in a chamber linked to an external envelope (concrete building) through suspension aiming at decoupling the vibration and preventing from seismic risks. The noise generation system is based on the use of Wyle modulators located on the chamber roof. Gaseous nitrogen is produced by a dedicated gas generator developed by Air-Liquide that could deliver high flow rate with accurate pressure and temperature controls. The control and acquisition system is based on existing solution implemented on the vibration facilities of the test centre. With the start of the construction in May 2004, the final acceptance tests are planned for April 2005, and the first satellites to be tested are planned for May 2005.

Meurat, A.; Jezequel, L.

2004-08-01

459

The SDO data centre at IDOC/MEDOC in France  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The IDOC/MEDOC centre at the Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS, Université Paris 11/CNRS) has a long experience in solar data archiving and distribution, including almost 15 years of data from SOHO, STEREO and TRACE. The center is now expanding its activity and becoming a Pˆle Thématique Solaire of the CNES and INSU/CNRS. Part of the new activities of the centre will be linked to the arrival of the enormous volume of the new SDO data. The center will be one of the three European centers to receive and redistribute the data to the community. It will also be the only European site to permanently store about 10% of the data (mainly from AIA). In continuity with its previous activities, SDO data will be included in the data visualization tool FESTIVAL and it will provide new services, like tools for the solar feature identification (filaments, EUV intensity fluctuations). We will present an overview of the facilities and activities of the centre in relation to the SDO data.

Parenti, Susanna; Bocchialini, Karine; Soubrie, Elie; Auchere, Frederic; Ballans, Herv; Buchlin, Eric; Gabriel, Alan; Mercier, Claude; Poulleau, Gilles; Vial, Jean-Claude

460

INTEGRAL Science Data Centre to be presented to the press  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The task of INTEGRAL, the most sensitive gamma-ray observatory ever launched, will be to gather some of the most energetic radiation that comes from space. It will pinpoint and study gamma-ray sources in unprecedented detail and will help to solve some of the biggest mysteries in astronomy: INTEGRAL will investigate the origin of enigmatic gamma-ray bursts, brief but extremely powerful releases of energy, and will bring much new information on stellar explosions and black holes. Not only does INTEGRAL tell us about places where we could not live, it also tell us about the processes that made the Universe habitable, such as the formation of chemical elements. The INTEGRAL Science Data Centre (ISDC), located near Geneva, represents the key element in the exploitation and analysis of the data that will come from INTEGRAL during the two years planned for in-orbit operations. In the centre, the data will be analysed, formatted and made accessible to the worldwide astronomical community. Such fundamental work on INTEGRAL data guarantees that data can be exploited by a wide community of astronomers, including those who are not familiar with the instrumentation used for gamma-ray observations. The ISDC is supported and funded by a dozen institutes in Europe and the United States (the ISDC consortium). The press conference on 11 April marks the end of the centre's development phase and the start of its operational phase. The presence of the ISDC in Switzerland represents a particular opportunity for Swiss scientists, who will participate in a special way to the development of high-energy particle astrophysics, as a result of having privileged access to INTEGRAL data. Speakers at the press conference will include Professor T. Courvoisier (Geneva Observatory, Principal Investigator of the INTEGRAL Science Data Centre), Doctor P. Creola, (Head of Swiss Space Office), and Professor D. Southwood (Director of Science at the European Space Agency). Note to editors INTEGRAL, ESA's International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory, will be launched in October 2002 on a Proton rocket from Baikonour, Kazakhstan. The spacecraft is currently subject to final testing at ESA's European Space Research & Technology Centre (ESTEC) in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, while the ground segment facilities - from which INTEGRAL operations will be controlled - are preparing for final review in June. The spacecraft will be shipped to the launch site in August 2002.

2002-03-01

461

Patient-centred care: more than the sum of its parts--Planetree's patient-centred hospital designation programme.  

PubMed

When a nurse at the Celilo Cancer Center at the Mid-Columbia Medical Center in The Dalles, Oregon, found out that his patient was scheduled to receive chemotherapy on her wedding anniversary, he asked the woman and her husband what song they'd first danced to on their wedding day. It was "Save the Last Dance For Me," and the next day, when the couple rose from their chairs after the patient's six-hour infusion, the song began playing. Right there in the infusion area, with their arms around each other, they danced. This story illustrates the kind of care that has become the norm at the 10 hospitals in North America recognized since 2007 as patient-centred hospitals by Planetree's Patient-Centred Hospital Designation Program. At these hospitals "patient-centred care" is more than a buzzword. Rather, it's reflected in their mission statements, strategic plans, models of nursing care, and day-to-day operations. While many organizations, including the Institute of Medicine, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, and Planetree, have endeavored to define patient-centred care, no definition conveys its essence as well as the patients at these hospitals can. "This place has a special character," one patient said in a focus group. Others have said, "You can tell the nurses here care about you as a person," "They are a special breed of people here," and "I don't think it's just a job for them; they're here for a reason." Over the past year, this series, Putting Patients First, has explored several aspects of the patient-centered approach--encouraging patients to review their medical records, lifting restrictions on family involvement in care, and lowering noise levels in hospitals, among others. We believe they show that, ultimately, patient-centered care is more than the sum of its parts. PMID:21391446

Frampton, Susan B; Guastello, Sara

2010-01-01

462

Photo-catalytic oxidation of a di-nuclear manganese centre in an engineered bacterioferritin 'reaction centre'.  

PubMed

Photosynthesis involves the conversion of light into chemical energy through a series of electron transfer reactions within membrane-bound pigment/protein complexes. The Photosystem II (PSII) complex in plants, algae and cyanobacteria catalyse the oxidation of water to molecular O2. The complexity of PSII has thus far limited attempts to chemically replicate its function. Here we introduce a reverse engineering approach to build a simple, light-driven photo-catalyst based on the organization and function of the donor side of the PSII reaction centre. We have used bacterioferritin (BFR) (cytochrome b1) from Escherichia coli as the protein scaffold since it has several, inherently useful design features for engineering light-driven electron transport. Among these are: (i.) a di-iron binding site; (ii.) a potentially redox-active tyrosine residue; and (iii.) the ability to dimerise and form an inter-protein heme binding pocket within electron tunnelling distance of the di-iron binding site. Upon replacing the heme with the photoactive zinc-chlorin e6 (ZnCe6) molecule and the di-iron binding site with two manganese ions, we show that the two Mn ions bind as a weakly coupled di-nuclear Mn2II,II centre, and that ZnCe6 binds in stoichiometric amounts of 1:2 with respect to the dimeric form of BFR. Upon illumination the bound ZnCe6 initiates electron transfer, followed by oxidation of the di-nuclear Mn centre possibly via one of the inherent tyrosine residues in the vicinity of the Mn cluster. The light dependent loss of the MnII EPR signals and the formation of low field parallel mode Mn EPR signals are attributed to the formation of MnIII species. The formation of the MnIII is concomitant with consumption of oxygen. Our model is the first artificial reaction centre developed for the photo-catalytic oxidation of a di-metal site within a protein matrix which potentially mimics water oxidation centre (WOC) photo-assembly. PMID:19409368

Conlan, Brendon; Cox, Nicholas; Su, Ji-Hu; Hillier, Warwick; Messinger, Johannes; Lubitz, Wolfgang; Dutton, P Leslie; Wydrzynski, Tom

2009-05-03

463

Wild at Heart: the particle astrophysics of the Galactic Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the high-energy astrophysics of the inner ˜200 pc of the Galaxy. Our modelling of this region shows that the supernovae exploding here every few thousand years inject enough power to (i) sustain the steady-state, in situ population of cosmic rays (CRs) required to generate the region’s non-thermal radio and TeV ?-ray emission; (ii) drive a powerful wind that advects non-thermal particles out of the inner Galactic Centre; (iii) supply the low-energy CRs whose Coulombic collisions sustain the temperature and ionization rate of the anomalously warm envelope ? detected throughout the Central Molecular Zone; (iv) accelerate the primary electrons which provide the extended, non-thermal radio emission seen over ˜150 pc scales above and below the plane (the Galactic Centre lobe); and (v) accelerate the primary protons and heavier ions which, advected to very large scales (up to ˜10 kpc), generate the recently identified Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) haze and corresponding Fermi haze/bubbles. Our modelling bounds the average magnetic field amplitude in the inner few degrees of the Galaxy to the range 60 < B/? G < 40 0 (at 2? confidence) and shows that even TeV CRs likely do not have time to penetrate into the cores of the region’s dense molecular clouds before the wind removes them from the region. This latter finding apparently disfavours scenarios in which CRs - in this starburst-like environment - act to substantially modify the conditions of star formation. We speculate that the wind we identify plays a crucial role in advecting low-energy positrons from the Galactic nucleus into the bulge, thereby explaining the extended morphology of the 511 keV line emission. We present extensive appendices reviewing the environmental conditions in the Galactic Centre, deriving the star formation and supernova rates there, and setting out the extensive prior evidence that exists, supporting the notion of a fast outflow from the region.

Crocker, R. M.; Jones, D. I.; Aharonian, F.; Law, C. J.; Melia, F.; Oka, T.; Ott, J.

2011-05-01

464

Preparing for space - EVA training at the European Astronaut Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The European Astronaut Centre has developed an Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA) training course for ESA astronauts to bridge the gap between their scuba diving certification and the spacesuit qualification provided by NASA. ESA astronauts André Kuipers and Frank De Winne have already completed this "EVA Pre-Familiarisation Training Programme" before their training at NASA. In June 2006, an international crew of experienced EVA astronauts approved the course as good preparation for suited EVA training; they recommended that portions of it be used to help maintain EVA proficiency for astronauts.

Bolender, Hans; Stevenin, Hervé; Bessone, Loredana; Torres, Antonio

2006-11-01

465

CCS-MIP: Low cost Customizable Control Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The positioning and station keeping of French national satellites are among the main missions of CNES French Space Agency CNES. The related experience and skills of the Toulouse Space Centre are reknown and often required at international level for a wide range of missions. CISI, a software engineering company, has been contributing during the last 20 years to the development of the French space programs, particularly in the field of space missions ground control segments. The CCS-MIP system, presented here, is a satellite positioning and station-keeping system designed to answer the CNES multi-mission needs, easily adaptable for a wide range of applications.

Labezin, Christian; Vielcanet, Pierre

1994-11-01

466

Dynamics of dark energy models and centre manifolds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyse dark energy models where self-interacting three-forms or phantom fields drive the accelerated expansion of the Universe. The dynamics of such models is often studied by rewriting the cosmological field equations in the form of a system of autonomous differential equations, or simply a dynamical system. Properties of these systems are usually studied via linear stability theory. In situations where this method fails, for instance due to the presence of zero eigenvalues in the Jacobian, centre manifold theory can be applied. We present a concise introduction and show explicitly how to use this theory in two concrete examples.

Böhmer, Christian G.; Chan, Nyein; Lazkoz, Ruth

2012-07-01

467

Walk-in centres in primary care: a review of the international literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Nurse-led walk-in centres were first announced in April 1999. They represent a new development in unscheduled care provision in the United Kingdom (UK) National Health Service (NHS). By the end of 2000, 40 NHS walk-in centres had been opened, with further centres recently announced. This paper aims to review international experience with walk-in centres in primary and emergency care

Chris Salisbury; James Munro

468

From gene to structure: The protein factory of the NBICS Centre of Kurchatov Institute  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Protein Factory was established at the Centre for Nano, Bio, Info, Cognitive, and Social Sciences and Technologies (NBICS Centre) of the National Research Centre "Kurchatov Institute" in 2010. The Protein Factory, together with the Centre for Synchrotron Radiation and Nanotechnology, promote research on structural biology. This paper presents the technology platforms developed at the Protein Factory and the facilities available for researchers. The main projects currently being performed at the Protein Factory are briefly described.

Boyko, K. M.; Lipkin, A. V.; Popov, V. O.; Kovalchuk, M. V.

2013-05-01

469

The Management of Positive Inter-Store Externalities in Shopping Centres: Some Empirical Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

In enclosed shopping centres, stores benefit from the positive externalities of other stores in the centre. Some stores provide greater benefits to their neighbours than others – for example anchor tenants and brand leading stores. In managing shopping centres, these positive externalities might be captured through rental variations. This paper explores the determinants of rent – including externalities – for

Tony Yuo; Neil Crosby; Colin Lizieri; Philip McCann

2003-01-01

470

Reported occupational injuries at Swedish recycling centres – based on official statistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Swedish recycling centres are manned facilities for waste collection. There is no special category in the official injury statistics for employees at recycling centres, which precludes a straightforward analysis of reported occupational injuries. This study aimed at identifying the frequency of reported accidents and diseases and the type of events that contribute to such injuries at recycling centres, based on

I.-L. Engkvist; R. Svensson; J. Eklund

2011-01-01

471

The Contribution of Call Centres to the Regional and Rural Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Call centres are ubiquitous. The call centre industry is growing at an unprecedented pace featuring horizontal and vertical, national, regional and global integration. Sometimes defined as ' electronic sweat shops', 'dark satanic mills of the 21st Century', call centres represent an emblem of globalisation - the convergence of cultures, technologies and economies. Advanced information and communication technologies (ICT) facilitate the

Uri Doman; Ramat Hasharon

2009-01-01

472

Work-Learn-Educate : The WLE Centre for Excellence's conceptualisation of work-based learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore efforts to bridge conceptualisation and practice in work-based learning by reflecting on the legacy and sustainability of the Centre for Excellence in Work-based Learning for Education Professionals at the Institute of Education, University of London. The Centre was part of the national CETL (Centres for Excellence in Teaching and Learning)

Vincent Carpentier; Norbert Pachler; Karen Evans; Caroline Daly

2011-01-01

473

Patterns and motivations of successful women pursuing their careers in New Zealand call centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report on the experience of women working in New Zealand call centres after finding contrary evidence in the international research which suggests call centre work does not offer career opportunities for its mainly female workforce. The research seeks to explore the career progress of women in a selection of call centres

Vivienne Hunt; Erling Rasmussen

2010-01-01

474

Successful neighbourhood shopping centres: What are the important features for independent retailers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years retailing in New Zealand has undergone fundamental changes. New and different types of retail facilities such as retail parks, 'big-box' retail and shopping malls have impacted on existing shopping centres. In an attempt to regenerate centres that have been affected negatively by these trends, urban local authorities are investing money to improve the centres of their cities,

Felicity Powell; Abigail Allan

2009-01-01

475

Changing perspectives: teaching and learning centres’ strategic contributions to academic development in Australian higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a study of Australian teaching and learning centres to identify factors that contribute to their effective strategic leadership. These centres remain in a state of flux, with seemingly endless reconfiguration. The drivers for such change appear to lie in decision makers’ search for their centres to add more strategic value to organisational teaching, learning and the

Dale Holt; Stuart Palmer; Di Challis

2011-01-01

476

Developing a Partnership between the Riverina Environmental Education Centre and Charles Sturt University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collaborative partnership has evolved between the Riverina Environmental Education Centre (REEC) and Charles Sturt University in Wagga Wagga. The Riverina Environmental Education Centre (REEC) is one of 24 Department of Education and Training environmental education centres in New South Wales (see www.reec.nsw.edu.au). As part of this…

Boylan, Colin; Collin, Keith

2006-01-01

477

What Becomes of Science in a Science Centre? Reconfiguring Science for Public Consumption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws upon 10 interviews conducted with staff at two science centres as part of a research project on science centres and social and cultural inclusion. The authors argue that these science centres have developed a highly differentiated configuration of science that stands at some removes from the standard conception of science as a…

Tlili, Anwar; Cribb, Alan; Gewirtz, Sharon

2006-01-01

478

Inquiry-Based Learning: An Educational Reform Based upon Content-Centred Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author of this paper posits that inquiry-based learning (IBL) enacted via a modified Moore method (MMM) is a content-driven pedagogy; as such it is content-centred not instructor-centred or student-centred. The MMM is a philosophy of education where student must master material by doing; not simply discussing, reading, or seeing it and that…

McLoughlin, M. Padraig M. M.

2009-01-01

479

Trunk muscle response to lifting unbalanced loads with and without knowledge of centre of mass  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To examine the effects of lifting a bin with a variable centre of mass on muscle activity, with and without knowledge of the centre of mass.Background. Numerous parameters related to lifting have been examined yet the effects of changing the load centre of mass in two dimensions, with or without knowledge, has not been examined.Methods. Participants lifted a 6

Brandon M Meyers; Peter J Keir

2003-01-01

480

Improved clonality assessment in germinal centre/post-germinal centre non-Hodgkin's lymphomas with high rates of somatic hypermutation  

PubMed Central

Background PCR detects clonal rearrangements of the Ig gene in lymphoproliferative disorders. False negativity occurs in germinal centre/post?germinal centre lymphomas (GC/PGCLs) as they display a high rate of somatic hypermutation (SHM), which causes primer mismatching when detecting Ig rearrangements by PCR. Aims To investigate the degree of SHM in a group of GC/PGCLs and assess the rate of false negativity when using BIOMED?2 PCR when compared with previously published strategies. Methods DNA was isolated from snap?frozen tissue from 49 patients with GC/PGCL (23 diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCLs), 26 follicular lymphomas (FLs)) and PCR?amplified for complete (VDJH), incomplete (DJH) and Ig?/? rearrangements using the BIOMED?2 protocols, and compared with previously published methods using consensus primers. Germinal centre phenotype was defined by immunohistochemistry based on CD10, Bcl?6 and MUM?1. Results Clonality detection by amplifying Ig rearrangements using BIOMED?2 family?specific primers was considerably higher than that found using consensus primers (74% DLBCL and 96% FL vs 69% DLBCL and 73% FL). Addition of BIOMED?2 DJH rearrangements increased detection of clonality by 22% in DLBCL. SHM was present in VDJH rearrangements from all patients with DLBCL (median (range) 5.7% (2.5–13.5)) and FL (median (range) 5.3% (2.3–11.9)) with a clonal rearrangement. Conclusions Use of BIOMED?2 primers has significantly reduced the false negative rate associated with GC/PGCL when compared with consensus primers, and the inclusion of DJH rearrangements represents a potential complementary target for clonality assessment, as SHM is thought not to occur in these types of rearrangements.

Catherwood, Mark A; Gonzalez, David; Patton, Caroline; Dobbin, Edwina; Venkatraman, Lakshmi; Alexander, H Denis

2007-01-01

481

Organization and activities of the International Radio Medical Centre (CIRM).  

PubMed

The International Radio Medical Centre (CIRM) was founded in 1935, to provide free medical assistance by radio to ships with no doctor on board and others who cannot be reached by a doctor. In 1950 CIRM was established as a non-profit-making foundation and has benefited since 1957 from an annual contribution from the Italian government. The results achieved by the Centre over 61 years include medical assistance to 42,935 patients on board ships (as well as on small islands and aircraft), with 375,264 medical messages received and transmitted. CIRM is organized into a medical service, a telecommunications service and a studies section. The 24-h continuous medical service is provided by doctors at the CIRM headquarters. The doctor on duty gives instructions for managing the case. If necessary the medical service will coordinate the patient's hospitalization at the nearest port with suitable medical facilities or arrange the patient's transfer to another ship with a doctor on board, or an airlift. The telecommunications service receives requests for assistance, locates the ship or whoever made the request, passes the call to the doctor on duty, and relays the doctor's response to those requesting assistance. The studies section, established in 1957-58, researches occupational pathologies of sailors and contributes to their prevention. This provides a scientific basis for improving medical assistance to sailors at sea. PMID:9375045

Amenta, F; Dauri, A; Rizzo, N

1996-01-01

482

Colour centres and nanostructures on the surface of laser crystals  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a study of structural and radiationinduced colour centres in the bulk and ordered nanostructures on the surface of doped laser crystals: sapphire, yttrium aluminium garnet and strontium titanate. The influence of thermal annealing, ionising radiation and plasma exposure on the spectroscopic properties of high-purity materials and crystals containing Ti, V and Cr impurities is examined. Colour centres resulting from changes in the electronic state of impurities and plasma-induced surface modification of the crystals are studied by optical, EPR and X-ray spectroscopies, scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. X-ray line valence shift measurements are used to assess changes in the electronic state of some impurity and host ions in the bulk and on the surface of oxide crystals. Conditions are examined for the formation of one- and two-level arrays of ordered crystallites 10{sup -10} to 10{sup -7} m in size on the surface of crystals doped with irongroup and lanthanoid ions. The spectroscopic properties of the crystals are analysed using ab initio self-consistent field calculations for Me{sup n+} : [O{sup 2-}]{sub k} clusters. (interaction of laser radiation with matter. laser plasma)

Kulagin, N A [Firma SIFA Ukraine - Germany Joint Venture, ul. Shekspira 6-48, 61045 Kharkiv (Ukraine)

2012-11-30

483

Electrically active sodium-related defect centres in silicon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electrically active defect centres related to sodium in silicon have been examined with deep level transient spectroscopy, and their recombination potential analysed with the microwave photoconductive decay technique. In order to investigate the entire silicon band gap for defect centres, both p-type (B-doped) and n-type (P-doped) float zone monocrystalline silicon samples were ion implanted with sodium. Three Na-related levels were identified in the upper half of the band gap at EC ? 0.094 eV, EC ? 0.119 eV and EC ? 0.139 eV in implanted n-type silicon. In implanted p-type silicon three Na-related levels were identified at EV + 0.088, EV + 0.270 eV and EV + 0.139 eV. The capture cross sections of all levels were in the range 2–5 × 10?15 cm2, with an exception for the level at EV + 0.270 eV that was found to have a capture cross section of 4 × 10?14 cm2. Implantations of sodium lead to a significant drop in minority carrier lifetime of both n-type and p-type silicon. This degradation was substantially higher in p-type silicon. The observed recombination activity can be compared to that of nickel and manganese.

Hvidsten Dahl, E.; Madsbøll, J.; Søiland, A.-K.; Odden, J.-O.; Tronstad, R.; Nylandsted Larsen, A.

2013-10-01

484

Experiences of involuntary admission in an approved mental health centre.  

PubMed

The aim of this qualitative study was to gain an understanding of what it means to have an involuntary hospital admission. A sample of six people who were detained at an approved Irish mental health centre consented to recount their experiences were interviewed. The interview transcripts were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Three superordinate themes were identified: 'The early days', 'Experiences of treatment' and 'Moving on?'. 'The early days' represented participants' initial feelings and opinions of the experience of coming into the approved centre. 'Experiences of treatment' refers to participants' experiences of medication and relationships with staff. Finally, the theme 'Moving on?' represented participants' views on how they adjusted to involuntary admission. 'Learning the way' was central to the participants' notion of moving on. The findings suggest that the meaning of detention is a varied one that evokes an array of emotional responses for participants and highlights the need for a renewed way of thinking and doing concerning those subject to involuntary. PMID:23106908

McGuinness, D; Dowling, M; Trimble, T

2012-10-29

485

Acid-rock drainage at Skytop, Centre County, Pennsylvania, 2004  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Recent construction for Interstate Highway 99 (I?99) exposed pyrite and associated Zn-Pb sulfide minerals beneath a >10-m thick gossan to oxidative weathering along a 40-60-m deep roadcut through a 270-m long section of the Ordovician Bald Eagle Formation at Skytop, near State College, Centre County, Pennsylvania. Nearby Zn-Pb deposits hosted in associated sandstone and limestone in Blair and Centre Counties were prospected in the past; however, these deposits generally were not viable as commercial mines. The pyritic sandstone from the roadcut was crushed and used locally as road base and fill for adjoining segments of I?99. Within months, acidic (pH1,000 mg/L), seep waters at the base of the cut contain >100 mg/L dissolved Zn and >1 mg/L As, Co, Cu, and Ni. Lead is relatively immobile (<10 ?g/L in seep waters). The salts sequester metals and acidity between rainfall events. Episodic salt dissolution then contributes pulses of contamination including acid to surface runoff and ground water. The Skytop experience highlights the need to understand dynamic interactions of mineralogy and hydrology in order to avoid potentially negative environmental impacts associated with excavation in sulfidic rocks.

Hammarstrom, Jane M.; Brady, Keith; Cravotta, Charles A., III

2005-01-01

486

Colour centres and nanostructures on the surface of laser crystals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a study of structural and radiationinduced colour centres in the bulk and ordered nanostructures on the surface of doped laser crystals: sapphire, yttrium aluminium garnet and strontium titanate. The influence of thermal annealing, ionising radiation and plasma exposure on the spectroscopic properties of high-purity materials and crystals containing Ti, V and Cr impurities is examined. Colour centres resulting from changes in the electronic state of impurities and plasma-induced surface modification of the crystals are studied by optical, EPR and X-ray spectroscopies, scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. X-ray line valence shift measurements are used to assess changes in the electronic state of some impurity and host ions in the bulk and on the surface of oxide crystals. Conditions are examined for the formation of one- and two-level arrays of ordered crystallites 10-10 to 10-7 m in size on the surface of crystals doped with irongroup and lanthanoid ions. The spectroscopic properties of the crystals are analysed using ab initio self-consistent field calculations for Men+ : [O2-]k clusters.

Kulagin, N. A.

2012-11-01

487

[Assessment of occupational stress among shopping centre employees].  

PubMed

Occupational stress literature emphasizes the importance of assessment and management of work related stress. The recognition of the harmful physical and psychological effects of occupational stress on both individuals and organizations is widely studied in Europe. In Italy such legislation was introduced by Legislative Decree 81/2008. Objective of the present study was to evaluate the occupational stress level of a shopping centre employees. A sample of 50 workers, 54% male (n = 27) and 46% female (n = 23) underwent to the Occupational Stress Index (OSI) questionnaire, used to examine occupational stress level of employees through the evaluation of work organization, individual characteristics, coping strategies, and psychosomatic effects of the stress. The results of OS were compared to the stress levels of a reference population. Results of data analysis provided evidence that the work organization of the examined shopping centre was good and there was no correlation between work characteristics, personality patterns, coping strategies and the psychosomatic effects of the stress. In addition a negative relationship between job satisfaction and length of service was found. Improvements in working conditions as well as early diagnosis are essential for preventing further increases in these disorders among workers. The next step would be multidisciplinary intervention studies aimed at the work environment, with the goal of identifying scientifically-based strategies that are most effective in preventing occupational stress. PMID:20518229

Fenga, C; Di Nola, C; Maviglia, P; Cacciola, A; Nardella, C