Note: This page contains sample records for the topic oceanography centre southampton from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

University of Southampton: Centre for the Archaeology of Human Origins  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the University of Southampton, this website presents the Centre for the Archaeology of Human Origins (CAHO). The CAHO website contains information about research projects, publications, and staff. The Research section links to basic information about research projects in the UK, Africa, and Europe. Publication lists, background information, and contacts are provided for CAHO academic staff and research students. The site also contains sections for News & Events, and related Links.

2

Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this NASA Earth Science Enterprise-funded project is to increase the use of satellite data in high school and college science classrooms by developing classroom materials linked to guided inquiry computer exercises. This Oceanography module is one of four Studying Earth's Environment from Space (SEES) modules. Each module consists of three sections: Class Resources, Computer Lab Resources and a Glossary and Acronym List. Class Resources is an electronic lecture viewable by a Web browser. Computer Lab Resources contains an instructor's guide, data and software. The instructor's guide contains exercises for using the data and software. The public domain software, a version of NIH-Image for the Macintosh that was modified by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center especially for SEES, is for data display, analysis and tutorial of satellite data. The software will also work on Windows machines with a Mac emulator. Image2000, a cross-platform Java version of the software, is expected to be available by the end of the year 2000. Each module section can stand-alone (e.g. you don't have to use the Class Resources in order to complete the Computer Lab Resources). Students and instructors may continue their own scientific discovery by accessing archived and current data from various NASA Earth Science data centers.

Smith, Elizabeth; Alfultus, Michael

2000-06-01

3

Using Oceanography to Support Active Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teachers are always on the lookout for material to give their brightest students, in order to keep them occupied, stimulated and challenged, while the teacher gets on with helping the rest. They are also looking for material that can inspire and enthuse those who think that school is 'just boring!' Oceanography, well presented, has the capacity to do both. As a relatively young science, oceanography is not a core curriculum subject (possibly an advantage), but it draws on the traditional sciences of biology, chemistry, physic and geology, and can provide wonderful examples for teaching concepts in school sciences. It can also give good reasons for learning science, maths and technology. Exciting expeditions (research cruises) to far-flung places; opportunities to explore new worlds, a different angle on topical debates such as climate change, pollution, or conservation can bring a new life to old subjects. Access to 'real' data from satellites or Argo floats can be used to develop analytical and problem solving skills. The challenge is to make all this available in a form that can easily be used by teachers and students to enhance the learning experience. We learn by doing. Active teaching methods require students to develop their own concepts of what they are learning. This stimulates new neural connections in the brain - the physical manifestation of learning. There is a large body of evidence to show that active learning is much better remembered and understood. Active learning develops thinking skills through analysis, problem solving, and evaluation. It helps learners to use their knowledge in realistic and useful ways, and see its importance and relevance. Most importantly, properly used, active learning is fun. This paper presents experiences from a number of education outreach projects that have involved the National Oceanography Centre in Southampton, UK. All contain some element of active learning - from quizzes and puzzles to analysis of real data from satellites and Argo floats - all combined with background information about the Ocean. Many also aim to inspire and enthuse, by bringing in the human and personal, for example through blogs and Q/A sessions. This presentation takes a look at what has worked, and what may perhaps have been a little less successful.

Byfield, V.

2012-04-01

4

Project Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Project Oceanography is a live television program designed for students. Each week during the school year, students can learn about a variety of ocean science topics. Some of the topics covered include: Antarctic oceanography, marine debris, tsunamis, plankton, hydrodynamic flow through seagrass beds, channel islands, kelp forests, cold seeps, pollution, and water quality. Programs are taught by real scientists and feature a call-in question and answer session at the end of each lesson. There are also Teacher Packets that give information on program topics, activities, pages for students\\' individual use, and vocabulary and reference lists to enhance student understanding.

2007-01-01

5

Centre of Excellence in Observational Oceanography: Nippon Foundation and POGO Supported Programme at the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on previous experience in capacity building for ocean observations, the Nippon Foundation (NF) and the Partnership for Observations of the Global Oceans (POGO) have announced a new Centre of Excellence (C of E) at the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS). The goals of the C of E are to expand the world-wide capacity and expertise to observe the

F. G. Plumley; S. Sathyendranath; R. Frouin; T. Knap

2008-01-01

6

Physical Oceanography (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... of Ocean Sciences Physical Oceanography Description The Physical Oceanography Program supports ... various quantities, with the way the ocean's physical structure interacts with the biological and ...

7

NASA Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NASA Oceanography site contains remotely sensed satellite data and modeling techniques to enable the global mapping of seasonal changes in ocean surface topography, currents, waves, winds, phytoplankton content, sea-ice extent, rainfall, sunlight reaching the sea, and sea surface temperature. Studying these patterns at a global scale help forecast and mitigate the disastrous effects of floods and drought. Images generated by ocean observing satellite missions tell us volumes about the most fundamental climate changes. Many of the data resources provide data that tell us about: Ocean surface Topography or Wave Height, Sea Surface Temperature, Ocean Surface Winds, Ocean Currents, Ocean Color, and Sea Surface Salinity. The missions profiled include the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM); the Salinity Sea Ice Working Group; and sea surface winds, ocean color, and ocean surface topography/wave height missions.

8

UK (United Kingdom) Oceanographers Meet in Southampton.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This UK conference, held at the Univ. of Southampton in September 1986, brought together representatives from all sectors of the UK oceanographic community. Their presentations provided a good picture of the current state of oceanographic research in the ...

J. Williams

1987-01-01

9

Educational Resources - The Oceanography Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Oceanography Society's educational resources section contains articles on effective teaching methods, examples of teaching activities, and guides for teaching Oceanography at the undergraduate and graduate level. Many of these articles are from Oceanography magazine.

Society, The O.

10

High School Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a compilation of a series of papers designed to aid high school teachers in organizing a course in oceanography for high school students. It consists of twelve papers, with references, covering each of the following: (1) Introduction to Oceanography, (2) Geology of the Ocean, (3) The Continental Shelves, (4) Physical Properties of Sea…

Falmouth Public Schools, MA.

11

IN THE OCEANOGRAPHY CLASSROOM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Those of us who teach general oceanography can scarcely believe our good luck. The marine sciences are at the threshold of a new age. The recent revolutions in biology and geology are being assimilated, and the road ahead seems clearer. Advances in the design of sampling devices, robot submersible vehicles, and data display have brought new vigor to oceanography. Satellite-borne

Tom Garrison

12

Statistics and Physical Oceanography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research in oceanography has historically been pursued to better understand the oceans as, for example, avenues to exploration, routes for commerce, theaters for military operations, and components in the weather system. Today this research is also done i...

1993-01-01

13

Oceanography Hotlist - USA  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of links is maintained by Dalhousie University. The list is extensive, and features oceanography sites from universities, organizations such as the USGS, NASA and NOAA, and many others.

University, Dalhousie

14

University of Southampton: Inorganic Materials Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Inorganic Materials Group at the University of Southampton created this Macromedia Flash Player-enhanced website to present its research in "synthetic and structural inorganic materials chemistry with the purpose of tailoring and controlling useful physical properties of solid state compounds." Visitors can find information about the group's research interests and successes in the areas of nitrides, zeolites, superconducting oxides, isotopes, and more. The website presents clear descriptions and figures of the group's equipment and facilities including the wet laboratory and the inert atmospheres created in the glove box rooms.

15

University of Southampton: Applied Mathematics Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

University of Southampton's Applied Mathematics Group conducts research in a variety of topics such as liquid crystals, phase field models of solidification, hyperasymptotics, fluid dynamics and the mathematical modelling of industrial problems. A link is also provided to the General Relativity group homepage, which collaborates with the Applied Mathematics group to investigate the application of general relativity to astrophysics. Brief descriptions of the research projects and some publications can be found on staff members' personal home pages and under the section on Research in Applied Mathematics. Visitors can also browse publications in the Publications section or search by author or keyword.

16

Physics in Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is physical oceanography as analyzed by seven dependent variables, (three components of velocity, the pressure, density, temperature and salinity) as a function of three space variables and time. Topics discussed include the heat balance of the earth, current patterns in the ocean, heat transport, the air-sea interaction, and prospects…

Charnock, H.

1980-01-01

17

Exercises in Physical Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from Flinders University in Australia features two sets of exercises that accompany a course on physical oceanography. The basic exercises were originally intended to replace the need for the teacher's presence, but have since also proved useful in distance learning. Topics for these exercises include map projections ocean floor topography, properties of sea water, and water masses and tides. The advanced exercises were designed to give deeper insight into the material and to encourage investigation. Advanced topics include coastal upwelling, graphic display methods for ocean currents, averaging methods for vector time series, geostrophic currents, Rossby wave propagation, the depth of the permanent thermocline (the Sverdrup balance), Ekman layer dynamics, and the outflow of Mediterranean Water into the Atlantic Ocean. The site also features links to other oceanography websites.

Tomczak, Matthias; Flinders University, Australia

18

JPL Polar Oceanography Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Polar Oceanography Group utilizes "satellite microwave remote sensing data and in-situ methods to understand the climate-induced variability in sea-ice and land-ice on seasonal to interannual time scales." Research conducted by the group is mainly concerned with Arctic Sea Ice, Antarctic Sea Ice, and Ice Sheets. "The principal thrust of this research is to understand the role of the polar oceans in controlling or regulating global climate." A data products section includes online data for sea ice melt detection and ice drift and ice motion data. The excellent publications section offers online copies (.pdf) of the group's work dating from 1989 to current publications that are in press. The site also provides news, contacts, and links.

19

The Distribution of Special Education (Moderate) Needs in Southampton  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the demand for special education (moderate) in the City of Southampton. It is shown that the number of children that require special education (moderate) in a particular area depends on the characteristics of the area concerned. A forecast of future demand for special education is produced. A comparison with the actual 1984 figures makes it possible to

C. Mar Molinero; J. F. Gard

1987-01-01

20

Computer Programs in Oceanography, (Provisional).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report consolidates the Computer Programs in Oceanography Preliminary List (NODC Progress Report P-12) of June 1963 and the Supplementary List issued September 1963. Revisions and corrections have been made, and a considerable amount of additional ma...

C. Dinger

1964-01-01

21

Developments in testing airfoil techniques at University of Southampton  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The evolution in Europe of the flexible walled test section, as applied to two dimensional testing at low and transonic speeds, is traced from its beginnings at NPL, London, in the early 1940's, and is shown to lead logically to the latest version now nearing completion at Southampton University. The principal changes that have taken place are improvements in the methods of choosing wall contours such that they rapidly follow appropriate streamlines, and reductions in the depth of test sections. The latest transonic test section presently under assembly at Southampton has, as its principal new feature, the facility for the automation of wall streamlining with the aid of an on-line computer. The versatility of the flexible walled test section is emphasized by reference to the simulation of alternative flows including cascade, steady pitching in an infinite flowfield, and ground effect. Finally, sources of error in streamlining are identified, with methods for their alleviation.

Goodyer, M. J.

1979-01-01

22

Mentoring Women in Physical Oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MPOWIR Pattullo Conference; Charleston, South Carolina, 23-26 May 2010; Initiated in 2004, Mentoring Physical Oceanography Women to Increase Retention (MPOWIR) is a community-initiated and community-led program aimed at providing mentoring to junior women in physical oceanography to improve their retention in the field. The centerpiece of the MPOWIR program is the Pattullo Conference, a two-and-a-half-day mentoring event held biannually. The second conference was held in South Carolina. The conference is named for June Pattullo, the first woman to receive a Ph.D. in physical oceanography. The goals of the Pattullo Conference are to build community networks among junior and senior scientists, to provide junior scientists with feedback on their current and planned research projects, to provide advice to junior scientists on their career goals, to introduce both senior and junior scientists to aspects of professional development, and to raise awareness of issues confronting junior women among the senior scientist community.

Gerber, Lisa M.; Lozier, M. Susan

2010-08-01

23

Physics as an Integrative Theme in Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching of physics as an integral part of an undergraduate oceanography course is described. A general outline of oceanography and the corresponding physics topics is given. The objectives, organization, and difficulties of such a course are discussed. (CW)

Myers, Richard L.

1990-01-01

24

Note on Rome-Southampton renormalization with smeared gauge fields  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have calculated continuum-limit step scaling functions of bilinear and four-fermion operators renormalized in a Rome-Southampton scheme using various smearing prescriptions for the gauge field. Also, for the first time, we have calculated nonperturbative anomalous dimensions of operators renormalized in a Rome-Southampton scheme. The effect of such smearing first enters connected fermionic correlation functions via radiative corrections. We use off-shell renormalization as a probe, and observe that the upper edge of the Rome-Southampton window is reduced by link smearing. This can be interpreted as arising due to the fermions decoupling from the high-momentum gluons and we observe that the running of operators with the scale at large lattice momenta shows enhanced lattice artifacts. We find that the effect is greater for HEX smearing than for Stout smearing, but that in both cases additional care must be taken when using off-shell renormalization with smeared gauge fields compared to thin-link simulations.

Arthur, R.; Boyle, P. A.; Hashimoto, S.; Hudspith, R.

2013-12-01

25

Graduate Course in Optical Oceanography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A 5-week summer graduate-level exercise in Optical Oceanography at the University of Washington's Friday Harbor Laboratories (FHL) was offered in summer 1995. The focus of this course was radiative transfer in the ocean with an emphasis on Case II waters....

P. G. Hull M. J. Perry N. McCormick

1996-01-01

26

Postdoctoral Fellowship in Physical Oceanography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Applications are now being accepted at Oregon State University for a Postdoctoral Fellowship in Physical Oceanography.The fellowship is for research in Coastal Upwelling in association with the Coastal Upwelling Ecosystems Analysis Program (CUEA). The fellow would be expected to participate in the analysis and interpretation of data from moored current meters and hydrographic measurements. The fellow would be part of

Anonymous

1973-01-01

27

Developing Online Oceanography at UCSB  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oceanography at UCSB is an introductory general education science course taken by up to 200 students per quarter. The emphasis is on learning science process by engaging in authentic science activities that use real earth data. Recently, to increase student motivation, the course has been modified to include an Earth Summit framework. The online support being developed for this course

W. A. Prothero; H. Dodson

2001-01-01

28

Negotiating strategic direction for education staff development: the Southampton experience.  

PubMed

The School of Medicine at the University of Southampton has identified and implemented strategic direction for education staff development. This paper reports on the processes of consultation and negotiation undertaken to ensure the success of a strategic approach and reflects on the difficulties involved. In particular, it reports on the development of a successful training programme for established teachers and course coordinators. The authors recommend adopting a transformational style of leadership for staff development and argue that focusing on student needs helps overcome tensions between the institution and individual staff members. PMID:15763857

Hill, Faith; Stephens, Chris

2004-11-01

29

Key Concepts in Microbial Oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education (C-MORE) is a multi-institution Science and Technology Center, established by the National Science Foundation in 2006. C-MORE's research mission is to facilitate a more comprehensive understanding of the diverse assemblages of microorganisms in the sea, ranging from the genetic basis of marine microbial biogeochemistry including the metabolic regulation and environmental controls of gene expression, to the processes that underpin the fluxes of carbon, related bioelements, and energy in the marine environment. The C-MORE education and outreach program is focused on increasing scientific literacy in microbial oceanography among students, educators, and the general public. A first step toward this goal is defining the key concepts that constitute microbial oceanography. After lengthy discussions with scientists and educators, both within and outside C-MORE, we have arrived at six key concepts: 1) Marine microbes are very small and have been around for a long time; 2) Life on Earth could not exist without microbes; 3) Most marine microbes are beneficial; 4) Microbes are everywhere: they are extremely abundant and diverse; 5) Microbes significantly impact our global climate; and 6) There are new discoveries every day in the field of microbial oceanography. A C-MORE-produced brochure on these six key concepts will be distributed at the meeting. Advanced copies may be requested by email or downloaded from the C-MORE web site(http://cmore.soest.hawaii.edu/downloads/MO_key_concepts_hi-res.pdf). This brochure also includes information on career pathways in microbial oceanography, with the aim of broadening participation in the field. C-MORE is eager to work in partnership to incorporate these key concepts into other science literacy publications, particularly those involving ocean and climate literacy. We thank the following contributors and reviewers: P Chisholm, A Dolberry, and A Thompson (MIT); N Lawrence (Santa Cruz Boardwalk); R Foster, S Mansergh and P Moisander (UC Santa Cruz); A Culley, K Doggett, J Edmonds, A Eiler, A Fong, D Hayakawa, D Karl, P Kemp, B Li, N Puniwai, B Wai, and S Wilson (U Hawaii); J Becker and M Nieto-Cid (WHOI); M McCaffrey (CIRES).

Bruno, B. C.; Achilles, K.; Walker, G.; Weersing, K.; Team, A

2008-12-01

30

Developing Online Oceanography at UCSB  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oceanography at UCSB is an introductory general education science course taken by up to 200 students per quarter. The emphasis is on learning science process by engaging in authentic science activities that use real earth data. Recently, to increase student motivation, the course has been modified to include an Earth Summit framework. The online support being developed for this course is the first step in the creation of a completely online oceanography class. Foundation software was first tested in the class during Spring 2001. Online activities that are supported are writing and instructor feedback, online threaded discussion with live chat and graphics, automatically graded homeworks and games, auto graded quizzes with questions randomly selected from a database, and thought problems graded by the instructor(s). Future plans include integration with commercial course management software. To allow choice of assignments, all course activities totaled110%. Since grades were based on A=90-100, B=80-90, C= 70-80, etc, it was possible to get a better than A grade. Students see the effect (on their grade) of each assignment by calculating their current course grade. Course activities included (most of which are automatically graded): weekly lab homeworks, weekly mini-quizzes (10 multiple choice questions selected at random from a topic database), weekly thought questions (graded by the TA), 3 written assignments, and "Question of the Day" from lecture (credit given for handing it in), The online writing software allowed students to enter their writing, edit and link to graphic images, print the paper, and electronically hand it in. This has the enormous advantage of allowing the instructor and TA's convenient access to all student papers. At the end of the course, students were asked how effective each of the course activities were in learning the course material. On a five point scale, ranging from highest contribution to lowest, the percentage of students giving ratings of 4 or 5 (highest) were: lectures: 27%, labs: 70%, earth summit activities: 57%, weekly thought questions: 36%, Questions of the day: 34%, weekly quizzes: 51%, weekly homeworks: 48%, writing assignments: 68%. Course difficulty responses were symmetrically peaked at a rating of 3, indicating that the course was taught at the right level. 64% of the students responded with 4 or 5 level to "I worked very hard in this class." Join the DLESE "Oceanography" interest group (www.dlese.org) to discuss and help develop oceanography course materials. >http://oceanography.geol.ucsb.edu/Support/CourseWare/Index.html

Prothero, W. A.; Dodson, H.

2001-12-01

31

Cryogenics at the university of southampton: a review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This Paper reviews the considerable breadth of activity in cryogenics across the campus of the University of Southampton. While this activity is focussed on the Institute of Cryogenics which was created in 1979, a very great deal of collaborative work is described involving the Departments of Chemistry and Physics in the Faculty of Science, the Departments of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Computer Science, and Mechanical Engineering in the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, and the Faculties of Mathematics and Medicine. The development of cryogenics from the early 1950s is described and traces the growing impact of the Southampton findings in cryogenic fluid mechanics on vapour cooled shields, dewar and cryostat design, storage instabilities in large tanks, carbon loaded multi-layer insulations, rotating helium at 3000 rev min - and cryosurgical probes. Current activity described includes the rapid expansion in work on high Tc superconductors, the development of cryogenic and frost proof concrete, boiling and condensation heat transfer in liquid nitrogen, magnetic separation, refrigerators, pipe freezing, cold electronics, cryogenic wind tunnels and mathematical modelling of cryogenic convection.

Scurlock, R. G.

32

Meningococcal disease at the University of Southampton: outbreak investigation.  

PubMed

In October 1997, an outbreak of meningococcal disease occurred at the University of Southampton. All six cases were first year students living in halls of residence. Microbiological characterization of case and carrier strains, case interviews, and a meningococcal carriage prevalence survey were used to investigate the outbreak. Five cases were due to serogroup C strains, one case was unconfirmed. Serotyping did not distinguish between the strains but gene sequencing permitted identification of two distinct strains in the outbreak. Although none of the cases was known to each other, three had attended the same nightclub one evening 3-4 days before illness. Meningococcal carriage rates in undergraduates were within the range expected (147/587, 25%), but no carriers of outbreak strains were identified in this sample. The findings suggest that in communities with a high degree of social interaction, the introduction of highly virulent meningococcal strains may result in enhanced transmission with clustering of cases. PMID:10579436

Gilmore, A; Jones, G; Barker, M; Soltanpoor, N; Stuart, J M

1999-10-01

33

Opening the Rome-Southampton window for operator mixing matrices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that the running of operators which mix under renormalization can be computed fully nonperturbatively as a product of continuum step-scaling matrices. These step-scaling matrices are obtained by taking the “ratio” of Z matrices computed at different energies in an RI-MOM type scheme for which twisted boundary conditions are an essential ingredient. Our method allows us to relax the bounds of the Rome-Southampton window. We also explain why such a method is important in view of the light quark physics program of the RBC-UKQCD Collaborations. To illustrate our method, using nf=2+1 domain-wall fermions, we compute the nonperturbative running matrix of four-quark operators needed in K??? decay and neutral kaon mixing. Our results are then compared to perturbation theory.

Arthur, R.; Boyle, P. A.; Garron, N.; Kelly, C.; Lytle, A. T.

2012-01-01

34

From marine ecology to biological oceanography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Looking back from the 1990s it seems natural to view the work done in the Biologische Anstalt Helgoland by Friedrich Heincke and his colleagues, beginning in 1892, as marine ecology or marine biology, and that done in Kiel, under Victor Hensen and Karl Brandt, as biological oceanography. But historical analysis shows this view to be untenable. Biological oceanography, as a

Eric L. Mills

1995-01-01

35

Estuarine Oceanography. CEGS Programs Publication Number 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Estuarine Oceanography is one in a series of single-topic problem modules intended for use in undergraduate and earth science courses. Designed for those interested in coastal oceanography or limnology, the module is structured as a laboratory supplement for undergraduate college classes but should be useful at all levels. The module has two…

Wright, F. F.

36

Physical and dynamical oceanography of Liverpool Bay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The UK National Oceanography Centre has maintained an observatory in Liverpool Bay since August 2002. Over 8 years of observational measurements are used in conjunction with regional ocean modelling data to describe the physical and dynamical oceanography of Liverpool Bay and to validate the regional model, POLCOMS. Tidal dynamics and plume buoyancy govern the fate of the fresh water as it enters the sea, as well as the fate of its sediment, contaminants and nutrient loads. In this context, an overview and summary of Liverpool Bay tidal dynamics are presented. Freshwater forcing statistics are presented showing that on average the bay receives 233 m3 s - 1. Though the region is salinity controlled, river input temperature is shown to significantly modulate the plume buoyancy with a seasonal cycle. Stratification strongly influences the region's dynamics. Data from long-term moored instrumentation are used to analyse the stratification statistics that are representative of the region. It is shown that for 65% of tidal cycles, the region alternates between being vertically mixed and stratified. Plume dynamics are diagnosed from the model and are presented for the region. The spring-neap modulation of the plume's westward extent, between 3.5 ° W and 4° W, is highlighted. The rapid eastward erosion of the plume during spring tides is identified as a potentially important freshwater mixing mechanism. Novel climatological maps of temperature, salinity and density from the CTD surveys are presented and used to validate numerical simulations. The model is found to be sensitive to the freshwater forcing rates, temperature and salinities. The existing CTD survey grid is shown to not extend sufficiently near the coast to capture the near coastal and vertically mixed component the plume. Instead the survey grid captures the westward spreading, shallow and transient, portion of the plume. This transient plume feature is shown in both the long-term averaged model and observational data as a band of stratified fluid stretching between the mouth of the Mersey towards the Isle of Man. Finally the residual circulation is discussed. Long-term moored ADCP data are favourably compared with model data, showing the general northward flow of surface water and southward trajectory of bottom water.

Polton, Jeffrey A.; Palmer, Matthew Robert; Howarth, Michael John

2011-09-01

37

Hellenic Centre for Marine Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at several site in Greece, the Hellenic Centre for Marine Research was set up as a single institution in order to integrate government-funded marine science research in Greece. The Centre consists of five institutes: oceanography, aquaculture, marine biological resources, inland waters, and marine biology and genetics. The website includes information on services it provides, the center library, current research initiatives, and the center's two aquaria.

2011-06-06

38

Knowledge of and attitudes to medicines in the Southampton community.  

PubMed Central

A 1 in 200 sample of the Southampton electorate was sent a postal questionnaire in January, 1984. Of the 740 adults surveyed, 443 (59.9%) returned completed questionnaires. One hundred and eighty-eight (42.4%) of those replying had been prescribed a medicine within the previous month. Two hundred and seventy-five respondents (62%) felt that not enough was explained about medicines by doctors or pharmacists. Consistent with this, was the fact that 37% were unaware of safe methods of disposal of leftover medicines. In addition, 112 of 154 (72.7%) people currently taking a prescribed medicine knew of no side-effects which could result from this. Eighty-three per cent of respondents thought an information leaflet would be helpful. Of nine items which previous authors had suggested should be included, seven were thought to be important by more than 75% of those replying. Although 54% of people wanted detailed information, 43% stated a preference for short, summarized points. We conclude that most patients need to have more information about prescribed medicines and they would welcome written leaflets. However, further work is necessary to determine the best format for such leaflets.

Ridout, S; Waters, W E; George, C F

1986-01-01

39

Improving outpatient services: the Southampton IBD virtual clinic.  

PubMed

The follow-up of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients is challenging due to the relapsing remitting nature of the diseases, the wide spectrum of severity and complexity as well as the need for monitoring of long-term complications and drug treatments. Conventional outpatient follow-up lacks flexibility for patients and there are competing pressures for clinic time. Alternative follow-up pathways include telephone clinics, self-management programmes or discharging patients. The IBD virtual clinic (VC) is a further option. Patients with an established diagnosis for >2 years, who have been stable for >1 year, do not have primary sclerosing cholangitis and who give their consent, are entered into the VC system. Two months before their annual follow-up is due patients are sent blood test forms and a simple questionnaire with an information sheet. If they meet any of the criteria on the questionnaire, they are asked to contact the IBD specialist nursing team to discuss their situation. The blood test results and the patient's database entry are reviewed to ensure that they are not due surveillance investigations. The patients and their GPs then receive a letter informing them of their management plan. We currently follow-up 20% of the Southampton IBD cohort using the VC. The VC system is an innovative, efficient and patient-responsive method for following up mild to moderate IBD. It is well liked by patients but is dependent on a well-maintained database with good integration of IT systems and requires both clerical and IBD nurse specialist support. PMID:22822228

Hunter, Jo; Claridge, Andrew; James, Shirley; Chan, David; Stacey, Bernard; Stroud, Mike; Patel, Praful; Fine, David; Cummings, J R Fraser

2012-08-01

40

From marine ecology to biological oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Looking back from the 1990s it seems natural to view the work done in the Biologische Anstalt Helgoland by Friedrich Heincke and his colleagues, beginning in 1892, as marine ecology or marine biology, and that done in Kiel, under Victor Hensen and Karl Brandt, as biological oceanography. But historical analysis shows this view to be untenable. Biological oceanography, as a research category and a profession, does not appear until at least the 1950's. In the German tradition of marine research, “Ozeanographie”, originating in 19th century physical geography, did not include the biological sciences. The categories “Meereskunde” and “Meeresforschung” covered all aspects of marine research in Germany from the 1890's to the present day. “Meeresbiologie” like that of Brandt, Heincke, and other German marine scientists, fitted comfortably into these. But in North America no such satisfactory professional or definitional structure existed before the late 1950's. G. A. Riley, one of the first biological oceanographers, fought against descriptive, nonquantitative American ecology. In 1951 he described biological oceanography as the “ecology of marine populations”, linking it with quantitative population ecology in the U.S.A. By the end of the 1960's the U.S. National Science Foundation had recognized biological oceanography as a research area supported separately from marine biology. There was no need for the category “biological oceanography” in German marine science because its subject matter lay under the umbrella of “Meereskunde” or “Meeresforschung”. But in North America, biological oceanography — a fundamental fusion of physics and chemistry with marine biology — was created to give this marine science a status higher than that of the conceptually overloaded ecological sciences. The sociologists Durkheim and Mauss claimed in 1903 that, “the classification of things reproduces the classification of men”; similarly, in science, the classification of professions reproduces the status that their practitioners hope to achieve.

Mills, Eric L.

1995-03-01

41

American Society of Limnology and Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Society of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) is a professional organization for researchers and educators in the field of aquatic science. The society supports programs in public education, outreach and public policy, while also encouraging student participation in the aquatic sciences. The site provides links to research journals, interdisciplinary meetings, educational resources for both students and instructors, and programs for students and post-grads. Also featured is a link to ASLO's annual meeting, Global Challenges Facing Oceanography and Limnology, which hopes to influence public policy regarding oceans and lakes.

Oceanography, American S.

42

Southampton: A Case Study on Why Academies Are Not the Answer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author recounts the arrival of two Oasis Community Learning Academies in Southampton through a process of failed political courage to continue supporting the Local Authority. He tells of the subsequent impact when children and parents react against the regime in one of the Academies. In conclusion he challenges the Labour Government over the…

Harris, Richard

2009-01-01

43

Value, Kaizen and Knowledge Management: Developing a Knowledge Management Strategy for Southampton Solent University  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of development of the strategic plan for Southampton Solent University offered a vehicle for the development of kaizen and knowledge management (KM) activities within the institution. The essential overlap between the methods offers clear benefits in the HE environment. In consideration of the aspects of KM and kaizen, various potential opportunities were identified as targets for improvement, and

S J Rees; H Protheroe

44

University of Cape Town Department of Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Cape Town, South Africa, the Department of Oceanography offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses and degrees. Department also conducts cutting edge research in many disciplines and is a part of several world-class observation networks and environmental projects. Site features information on courses, research, faculty and students, and links to all of the larger partnership projects the department is involved with.

2011-02-28

45

American Society of Limnology and Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you've ever wondered about the fields of limnology or oceanography, you need look no further than the homepage of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO). On their site, visitors can learn about their professional activities, which include international symposia, conferences, and their scholarly journals. In their "About ASLO" area, visitors can learn about the discipline and read up on ASLO history. Most visitors will get the most use out of the "Programs" area. This section of the site includes an image library, articles about ethical considerations in the field, resources for early career scientists, and programs for current students. The image library is a highlight here, and it includes well over 2000 images submitted by registered users covering everything from estuaries to sampling techniques.

46

Office of Naval Research: Careers in Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Office of Naval Research website introduces oceanography, providing descriptions of marine science fields it encompasses: biology, chemistry, geology, physics, engineering, policy, fisheries, atmospheric science, biotechnology, acoustics. Profiles of individual scientists offer personal insights. Includes recommendations on preparation and opportunities to seek out during high school and college. Includes examples of employment opportunities and representative salaries, links to scientific and professional organizations, and other marine career websites. Download a booklet with special sections for women, minorities, and people with disabilities.

2011-06-15

47

Physical Oceanography Distributed Active Archive Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Physical Oceanography Distributed Active Archive Center (PO.DAAC), an element of the Earth Observing System Data Information System (EOSDIS), is responsible for archiving and distributing data relevant to the physical state of the ocean. Most of the products available at the PO.DAAC were obtained from satellites and are intended for use in oceanographic and interdisciplinary scientific research. However, a limited number of educational products are also available.

48

Oceanography in the next decade: Building new partnerships  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The field of oceanography has existed as a major scientific discipline in the United States since World War 2, largely funded by the federal government. In this report, the Ocean Studies Board documents the state of the field of oceanography and assesses the health of the partnership between the federal government and the academic oceanography community. The objectives are to document and discuss important trends in the human, physical, and fiscal resources available to oceanographers, especially academic oceanographers, over the last decade; to present the Ocean Studies Board's best assessment of scientific opportunities in physical oceanography, marine geochemistry, marine geology and geophysics, biological oceanography, and coastal oceanography during the upcoming decade; and to provide a blueprint for more productive partnerships between academic oceanographers and federal agencies.

1992-01-01

49

Shelf Sea Oceanography and Meteorology Research Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Shelf Sea Oceanography and Meteorology Research Group, located at the University of Plymouth, furnishes summaries and reports of its current and recent research projects dealing with mesoscale physical processes, sediment transport, and other shelf and coastal oceanographic and meteorological challenges. Along with discovering the objectives of the endeavors, users can download the final report of the Black Sea Ecosystem Recovery Project, which quantified "shelf-deep transport of water masses and exchanges of nutrients by mesoscale activity at the North West Black Sea shelf break." Researchers can learn about past and upcoming seminars, conferences, and other events. The website offers links to abstracts of many of the group's publications as well.

50

What Oceanography Concepts are Taught in Ohio's Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey listing 21 major oceanographic concepts and several sub-concepts was mailed to all Ohio earth science teachers. Respondents indicated that most of the oceanography topics taught were geologically-oriented. Oceanography concepts relating to ecology, chemical, physical or life science are considered less important. (DH)

Skinner, Ray, Jr.; Martin, Ralph E., Jr.

1985-01-01

51

A Study of Enlisted Training and Education in Applied Oceanography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study concludes that the primary reason for present programs of enlisted training and education in oceanography is to support Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW). There is a significant lack of courses, schools, and self-study material available to enlisted personnel on the subject of oceanography. Through more extensive training the aviation ASW…

Schriner, Karl Leonard

52

Does perceived financial strain predict depression among young women? Longitudinal findings from the Southampton Women's Survey  

PubMed Central

Background Social and financial environment has an influence on the incidence of depression. We studied perceived financial strain as a risk factor for development of depression among a large cohort of young women in Southampton, UK. Methods We recruited a large number of young women in Southampton in the Southampton Women's Survey, a longitudinal study looking at factors influencing the health of women and their offspring. Women were asked to complete a baseline questionnaire, which included the GHQ-12 (an assessment of mental health), as well as questions on perceived financial strain and past history of depression. They were followed up two years later through their general practitioner (GP) records for evidence of incident mental illness. Results A total of 7020 women completed the baseline questionnaire including the GHQ-12. Of these, 5237 (74.6%) had records available for follow-up. Among those developing depression, there was a higher proportion receiving benefits, and a higher level of perceived financial strain. There were also modest elevations in perceived stress, and poorer levels of educational attainment. Among women not depressed at baseline, and with no previous history of depression, those in receipt of state benefits at baseline had a significantly elevated risk of developing the disorder – hazard ratio 1.61 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.13–2.3). The risk associated with perceived financial strain was 2.16 (95% CI 1.14–4.11), but this did not remain statistically significant after adjustment was made for receipt of benefits, educational qualification, and perceived stress. Conclusion Financial hardship as evidenced by receipt of benefits is a strong independent predictor for the development of depression. Although perception of financial strain is also a predictor for incident depression, the risk associated with this subjective characteristic does not remain significantly elevated after adjustment. Future studies of the aetiology of depression should incorporate ascertainment of actual financial status.

2008-01-01

53

The University of Southampton: Geology of the Wessex Coast, Southern England  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ian West, a retired professor at the University of Southampton, developed this expansive database of geological field guides to the Wessex Coast of southern England. The website divides the information on the fossils, offshore geology, formations, and much more into smaller units within the Coast. The field guides can be viewed by stratigraphical units and localities. Students and educators can learn about the Jurassic, Cretaceous, and Palaeogene strata of the area through countless photographs. Many of the field guides include information on the historical, topographic, and natural history of the area.

West, Ian.

2005-11-02

54

Lifestyle factors, hormonal contraceptives and premenstrual symptoms: The UK Southampton Women's Survey  

PubMed Central

Objective To estimate the prevalence of premenstrual symptoms in women from the general population in Southampton, UK, and examine their association with lifestyle factors and contraceptive usage. Design Cross-sectional survey. Setting The City of Southampton, UK. Population 974 women aged 20-34 years (53% of the 1,841 women invited to participate). Methods Interviews, questionnaires and completion of a prospective six-week menstrual symptom diary recording on a daily basis the presence and severity of eleven common premenstrual symptoms. Main outcome measures Premenstrual symptoms were identified from the diaries by two clinicians who reviewed them independently using a pre-defined algorithm to assess the onset and decline of symptoms in relation to the start of menstruation. Results 24% of the women were considered to have premenstrual symptoms (95% confidence interval [CI] 21% to 27%). Women were less likely to have symptoms if they had higher levels of educational attainment and suffered less from stress. No associations were found between premenstrual symptoms and diet, alcohol or strenuous exercise, nor after adjustment for other factors, with age, smoking or body mass index. Use of any form of hormonal contraceptives was associated with a lower prevalence of premenstrual symptoms (prevalence ratio 0.66 (95%CI:0.52 to 0.84)). Conclusions Premenstrual symptoms were common in this cohort. Use of hormonal contraceptive methods was associated with a lower prevalence of these symptoms.

Sadler, Carrie; Smith, Helen; Hammond, Julia; Bayly, Rosie; Borland, Sharon; Panay, Nick; Crook, David; Inskip, Hazel

2011-01-01

55

Oceanography: A Bibliography of Selected Activation Analysis Literature.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The literature of oceanography in activation analysis is reindexed in detail with respect to Element Determined, Matrix Analyzed and Technique Used for precise literature searching. An author index is included. Candidates for inclusion in this bibliograph...

G. J. Lutz

1970-01-01

56

Biological Oceanography: Some Critical Issues, Problems, and Recommendations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: What organisms live in the sea and how they are distributed in time and space; Factors that control the distribution patterns of marine organisms; How do marine organisms survive; Biological oceanography, the public mind, and institutional polic...

1975-01-01

57

From Chaos To MAOS: Launching an Oceanography High School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the background of a specialty high school in Monterey Bay, California focusing on oceanography. Describes the collaborative research relationship that exists between the school and the scientific community. (DDR)

Martin, Marlene

1997-01-01

58

Oceanography, the new Frontier for the Twenty-First Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the discipline of oceanography and some of its specific areas of concern. Describes the major resources of the oceans and reflects on how these may be utilized and shared by nations in the future. (JR)

Marshall, Nelson

1973-01-01

59

Language Policies and Linguistic Super-Diversity in Contemporary Urban Societies: The Case of the City of Southampton, UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our aim here is to investigate the multilingual "super-diverse" environment of Southampton City's work places, in public and private sector sites, and to observe how speakers interact and use their linguistic competences; whether this facilitates communication and social/professional integration, or whether this produces obstacles and…

Cadier, Linda; Mar-Molinero, Clare

2012-01-01

60

The impact of cruise ship generated waste on home ports and ports of call: A study of Southampton  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cruise ships represent less than 1% of the global merchant fleet yet it has been estimated that they are responsible for 25% of all waste generated by merchant vessels. This volume of waste produces pressures on the environment, particularly with respect to ship-generated waste disposal at home ports and ports of call. Southampton, home port for both Cunard and P&O,

Nickie Butt

2007-01-01

61

University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Narragansett, Rhode Island, the Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) of URI offers instruction leading to the M.S. and the Ph.D. degrees in biological, chemical, physical, and geological oceanography as well as in interdisciplinary and related areas such as atmospheric chemistry. Site includes information on graduate programs, undergraduate opportunities, faculty, facilities, news, and publications. Outreach initiatives are numerous and are targeted at a wide audience.

62

Developing Operational Oceanography for Marine Assessments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oceanography for assessments necessarily depends on the purposes of the assessments and on the ocean characteristics or variables required for the various purposes. Objectives and variables all have their own inherent time- and space-scales. For variables, these may be determined by sources, transport and/or dynamics, and evolution. Socio-economic interests determine the scales inherent in objectives; these scales are liable to range from a coastal locality to global, and from hours or days to decades. Measurements are limited by available technology and funding, and cannot be expected to resolve the smaller inherent scales as well as giving the coverage sought. Hence an emphasis is placed on (i) making the most of opportunities for concurrent measurements of variables with compatible intrinsic scales, (ii) data management to exploit measurements fully, (iii) development, testing and use of models with data assimilation, to interpolate measurements, to optimise measurements' effectiveness (measurement array design) and perhaps to infer earlier conditions when measurements were scarcer, (iv) models as a means of synthesising varied information to provide assessment "products", (v) feedback from users of these products to raise the quality of (i-iv). Whilst objectives determine the variables of interest, the inherent scales of variables are emphasised as the appropriate control on the density of measurements. This may foster efficiency in operational measurements and their application through models, after further research.

Huthnance, John M.

2013-04-01

63

Mapping turbidity layers using seismic oceanography methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a combination of seismic oceanographic and physical oceanographic data acquired across the Faroe-Shetland Channel we present evidence of a turbidity layer that transports suspended sediment along the western boundary of the Channel. We focus on reflections observed on seismic data close to the sea-bed on the Faroese side of the Channel below 900 m. Forward modelling based on independent physical oceanographic data show that thermohaline structure does not explain these near sea-bed reflections but they are consistent with optical backscatter data, dry matter concentrations from water samples and from seabed sediment traps. Hence we conclude that an impedance contrast in water column caused by turbidity layers is strong enough to be seen in seismic sections and this provides a new way to visualise this type of current and its lateral structure. By inverting the seismic data we estimate a sediment concentration in the turbidity layers, present at the time of the survey, of 45 ± 25 mg l-1. We believe this is the first direct observation of a turbidity current using Seismic Oceanography.

Vsemirnova, E. A.; Hobbs, R. W.; Hosegood, P.

2012-01-01

64

The Southampton-East Anglia (SEA) model: a general purpose parallel ocean model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Southampton - East Anglia (SEA) model is a general purpose Ocean General Circulation Model (OGCM) for ocean and climate modellers. The model has evolved from the GFDL Modular Ocean Model (MOM), but is designed to give good performance on high powered workstations, clusters of workstations and message passing massively parallel processor (MPP) systems, rather than vector processors. Parallelism is provided as a module option, with the technical intricacies being hidden from the user in high-level message passing routines. Using a two-dimensional geometric decomposition the model readily scales to any number of processors. From an initial implementation, bottlenecks that adversely affect the parallel efficiency of the model are highlighted. Solutions to these problems are then implemented and their validity on various platforms are discussed. The resulting code is reasonably efficient and can be readily used for many research purposes on both scalar and parallel computers.

Beare, M. I.

65

Marine geology and oceanography of Arabian Sea and coastal Pakistan  

SciTech Connect

This volume is a collection of papers presented at the first US-Pakistan workshop in marine science held in Karachi, Pakistan, in November 1982. Of the twenty-four contributions in this book, fourteen cover topics specific to the Arabian Sea-coastal Pakistan region. These include six papers on the geology, tectonics, and petroleum potential of Pakistan, four papers on sedimentary processes in the Indus River delta-fan complex, and four papers on the biological oceanography of the Arabian Sea and coastal Pakistan. The additional ten papers are overviews of shelf sedimentation processes, paleoceanography, the marine nutrient cycle, and physical and chemical oceanography.

Haq, B.U.; Milliman, J.D. (eds.)

1985-01-01

66

Dissertations Initiative for the Advancement of Limnology and Oceanography (DIALOG)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The DIALOG Program was founded by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO), in order to reduce the historical, institutional and philosophical barriers that limit the exchange of information between limnologists and oceanographers, and to foster interdisciplinary and inter-institutional research. This was achieved by targeting a recent cohort of Ph.D. recipients whose work included a biological component of limnology or oceanography. The program included: (1) publication of the submitted Ph.D. dissertation abstracts; (2) a symposium to facilitate exchange across institutions and disciplines; and (3) establishment of a centralized data base for applicant characterization and tracking.

1994-01-01

67

Oceanography of the New York Bight, August 1974.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The physical oceanography of the shelf and slope waters of the New York Bight (Block Island to Cape May) in August of 1974 is described. Temperature, salinity, and density data, presented in surface contours and section profiles, showed the shelf/slope fr...

C. W. Morgan J. M. Bishop F. F. Mulher

1976-01-01

68

Learning Polar Oceanography: Ocean Currents and Climate Connections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of activities introduce students to polar oceanography, polar climate and how events that occur in oceans thousands of kilometers away affect them and the mid-latitudes using maps, images, lab experiments and online data tools. Students explore how conditions are changing in the Polar Regions and the possible impacts upon life in the United States and other mid-latitude nations.

Sills, Alan; Newshour, Pbs

69

Graduate students in oceanography: Recruitment, success, and career prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graduate education, student quality, stipend support, and subsequent employment form a triad of concern to many oceanographers. While the number of graduate degree programs in oceanography in the U.S. exceeds 50, remarkably few data are available on numbers of student applications, student survival rates, the quality of the applicants and accepted students, and their subsequent employment.Consequently, most discussions within an

Arthur R. M. Nowell; Charles D. Hollister

1988-01-01

70

Connecting Middle School, Oceanography, and the Real World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces an activity that features 16 oceanography work stations and integrates other disciplines. Assigns students different oceanic life forms and requires students to work in stations. Explains seven of 16 stations which cover oil spills, the periodic table, ocean floor, currents, and classification of oceanic organisms. (YDS)

Brown, Susan W.; Hansen, Terri M.

2000-01-01

71

Dinoflagellate cysts and Holocene oceanography of the northeastern Atlantic Ocean  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dinoflagellate cyst analysis of two sediment cores, taken on the continental slope off the western coast of Scotland, has revealed new detail and complexity in the oceanography of the Holocene. Changes in the dinoflagellate cyst assemblages suggest at least three fluctuations in the strength or disposition of the North Atlantic Current over the last 10 Ka together with a consequent

Rex Harland; John A. Howe

1995-01-01

72

A review of eastern tropical Pacific oceanography: Summary  

Microsoft Academic Search

The collection of articles in this volume reviewing eastern tropical Pacific oceanography is briefly summarized, and updated references are given. The region is an unusual biological environment as a consequence of physical characteristics and patterns of forcing – including a strong and shallow thermocline, the ITCZ and coastal wind jets, equatorial upwelling, the Costa Rica Dome, eastern boundary and equatorial

M. F. Lavín; P. C. Fiedler; J. A. Amador; L. T. Ballance; J. Färber-Lorda; A. M. Mestas-Nuñez

2006-01-01

73

Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms (ECOHAB)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Center for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research (CSCOR) web page features Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms (ECOHAB), a funding program within NOAA that seeks to develop effective methods for prevention, control, and mitigation of harmful algal blooms (HABs). The page provides an overview of the program, offers a link to the funding announcement, and lists accomplishments of the program.

Center for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research (CSCOR); Noaa

74

Using Earth Data in an Introductory Oceanography Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Activities that engage students in the use and interpretation of real earth data provide an effective way of promoting an understanding of the science process. In UCSB's introductory Oceanography course, major goals are to improve student understanding of how science works and how to interpret science claims in the popular media. Activities are modeled after those of practicing scientists. These

W. A. Prothero

2002-01-01

75

A Resource Guide for Oceanography and Coastal Processes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide was developed for elementary, middle, and high school teachers to teach about oceanography and coastal processes. This guide contains information on the program's history and names and contact information for all Operation Pathfinder participants since 1993. The body is divided into 6 topics. Topic 1 is on Physical Parameters,…

Walker, Sharon H., Ed.; Damon-Randall, Kimberly, Ed.; Walters, Howard D., Ed.

76

South Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Switzerland, South Centre is a multi-national organization which promotes the global organization of its 46 member nations in order to become "effective in mobilizing its considerable combined expertise and experience or its bargaining power." The site contains a large number of current working papers, South Centre's quarterly newsletter South Letter, and relevant links.

77

Remote Visualisation of Large Oceanic Datasets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global high-resolution ocean model, OCCAM, has been run by D. Webb and colleagues at the Southampton Oceanography Centre (SOC) for many years. It was configured to resolve the energetic scales of oceanic motions, and its output is stored at the Manchester Supercomputer Centre. Although this community resource represents a treasure trove of potential new insights into the nature of

LJ West; J Stark; PD Killworth; P Challenor; J Marotzke

2003-01-01

78

Data management in Oceanography at SOCIB  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SOCIB, the Balearic Islands Coastal Ocean Observing and Forecasting System (http://www.socib.es), is a Marine Research Infrastructure, a multiplatform distributed and integrated system, a facility of facilities that extends from the nearshore to the open sea and provides free, open and quality control data. SOCIB is a facility o facilities and has three major infrastructure components: (1) a distributed multiplatform observing system, (2) a numerical forecasting system, and (3) a data management and visualization system. We present the spatial data infrastructure and applications developed at SOCIB. One of the major goals of the SOCIB Data Centre is to provide users with a system to locate and download the data of interest (near real-time and delayed mode) and to visualize and manage the information. Following SOCIB principles, data need to be (1) discoverable and accessible, (2) freely available, and (3) interoperable and standardized. In consequence, SOCIB Data Centre Facility is implementing a general data management system to guarantee international standards, quality assurance and interoperability. The combination of different sources and types of information requires appropriate methods to ingest, catalogue, display, and distribute this information. SOCIB Data Centre is responsible for directing the different stages of data management, ranging from data acquisition to its distribution and visualization through web applications. The system implemented relies on open source solutions. In other words, the data life cycle relies in the following stages: • Acquisition: The data managed by SOCIB mostly come from its own observation platforms, numerical models or information generated from the activities in the SIAS Division. • Processing: Applications developed at SOCIB to deal with all collected platform data performing data calibration, derivation, quality control and standardization. • Archival: Storage in netCDF and spatial databases. • Distribution: Data web services using Thredds, Geoserver and RESTful own services. • Catalogue: Metadata is provided through the ncISO plugin in Thredds and Geonetwork. • Visualization: web and mobile applications to present SOCIB data to different user profiles. SOCIB data services and applications have been developed to provide response to science and society needs (eg. European initiatives such as Emodnet or Copernicus), by targeting different user profiles (eg. researchers, technicians, policy and decision makers, educators, students, and society in general). For example, SOCIB has developed applications to: 1) allow researchers and technicians to access oceanographic information; 2) provide decision support for oil spills response; 3) disseminate information about the coastal state for tourists and recreational users; 4) present coastal research in educational programs; and 5) offer easy and fast access to marine information through mobile devices. In conclusion, the organizational and conceptual structure of SOCIB's Data Centre and the components developed provide an example of marine information systems within the framework of new ocean observatories and/or marine research infrastructures.

Joaquin, Tintoré; March, David; Lora, Sebastian; Sebastian, Kristian; Frontera, Biel; Gómara, Sonia; Pau Beltran, Joan

2014-05-01

79

Preliminary study of the Southampton Hand Assessment Procedure for Children and its reliability  

PubMed Central

Background The Southampton Hand Assessment Procedure (SHAP) is currently used in the adult population for evaluating the functionality of impaired or prosthetic hands. The SHAP cannot be used for children because of the relatively larger size of the objects used to perform SHAP tasks and unknown clinimetric properties. The aims of this study were to adapt the SHAP for use in children (SHAP-C), to determine norm values for the SHAP-C, and to analyze the reliability of the SHAP-C. Methods The SHAP-C was adapted based on the SHAP protocol. Some objects were downsized, and the timing of tasks was performed by the rater instead of the participant. Intra- and inter-rater reliability were assessed in 24 children (5 [0.54] y/o) with unimpaired hands. The repeatability coefficients (RCs) were calculated. An RC???75% of the mean SHAP-C task values was considered good reliability. Results Participants were able to perform all SHAP-C tasks. The means of the SHAP-C tasks ranged from 0.75 to 1.21 seconds for abstract objects and from 0.64-19.13 seconds for activities of daily living. The RCs of a single assessor did not exceed 75% in 17/26 SHAP-C tasks, displaying a relatively good intra-rater reliability, whereas the RCs for the inter-rater reliability exceeded 75% in 22/26 SHAP-C tasks, thus displaying poor reliability. Conclusion In this first study that adjusted the SHAP for pediatric use, we found that all SHAP-C objects and tasks could be performed by children. The intra-rater reliability was better than the inter-rater reliability. Although the SHAP-C appears to be a promising instrument, the protocol requires further modifications to provide reliable measurements in children.

2014-01-01

80

Who cares for the patient with diabetes? Presentation and follow-up in seven Southampton practices  

PubMed Central

A notes survey was undertaken by a group of eight general practitioners in seven Southampton practices to study the mode of presentation and follow-up of the diabetic patients on the lists of 24 doctors. The 431 known diabetic patients were classified as non-insulin-dependent (67%), insulin-dependent (20%), or, if they had commenced their insulin more than a month after the diagnosis had been made, 'insulin-treated' (13%). This classification allowed characterization of the truly insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent patients. Non-insulin-dependent diabetics were older than insulin-dependent diabetics and had first presented at a greater age. Most patients in each treatment group presented with classical diabetic symptoms, diabetes-related infections, or recognized complications. The majority of these were diagnosed in general practice. However, over half of the asymptomatic non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients had been diagnosed by routine blood or urine testing in hospital. After 1979 fewer non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients were referred to hospital for follow-up at diagnosis than before 1975. Most non-insulin-treated diabetics were followed up in general practice whereas most patients treated with or dependent on insulin were followed up in hospital clinics. Twenty-two per cent of all patients received diabetic care from both their general practitioner and hospital outpatient departments but 20% received no regular diabetic follow-up at all. One year after the initial study, 4% of patients were still without regular review, and 27 more patients had been identified who would have qualified for the original audit.

Burrows, P.J.; Gray, P.J.; Kinmonth, A-L.; Payton, D.J.; Walpole, G.A.; Walton, R.J.; Wilson, D.; Woodbine, G.

1987-01-01

81

Operational oceanography and drift predictions at Meteo-France  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The monitoring and prediction of marine pollution, the assistance to search and rescue operations, are both dependent on access to high-quality information on ocean circulation. Operational oceanography systems are able to provide prognostic data for currents, temperature and salinity in the open ocean, with global coverage, and are now being used in safety related decisions tools at sea. Examples will be given of the ways that the ocean forcing data are implemented in the drift prediction system of Meteo-France, with a particular emphasis on search and rescue applications. The most important benefits of the operational oceanography data sets are improved prediction accuracy, global coverage and the availability of alternative data sets for a given area.

Daniel, P.

2009-09-01

82

Altitude and configuration of the potentiometric surface, Casey Village, Warminster and Upper Southampton townships, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, August 3, 1995  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A map showing the potentiometric surface in Casey Village, Warminster and Upper Southampton Townships, Bucks County, was constructed from water levels measured on August 3, 1995. The potentiometric surface, measured in 17 wells screened between 18 and 64 feet below land surface, ranged from 321.99 to 344.80 feet above sea level. The potentiometric surface, measured in 12 wells screened between 48 and 108 feet below land surface, ranged from 321.95 to 337.50 feet above sea level.

Sloto, Ronald A.; Grazul, Kevin E.

1995-01-01

83

Oceanography of a tidally choked fjord: Lake Melville, Labrador  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lake Melville is large and complex sub-Arctic fjord that is a major outlet for freshwater on the Labrador coast. Although it has been the subject of exploration for centuries, we still know relatively little about its oceanography. We are studying the influence of changes in the fresh water discharge on the dynamics and ecosystem of Lake Melville in Labrador and how they interact with long-term climatic variability. Enormous hydroelectric developments have changed the freshwater runoff dynamics with unknown implications for the local and regional oceanography. The fjord is tidally choked, leading to intense flows at the entrance of 3-4 m/s. We will review the role of mixing and seasonal cycles in determining water properties in the lake and how changing climatic and freshwater conditions influence the oceanography and sea-ice dynamics. We will present historical data for the Lake together with results from our recent oceanographic work. We will compare our current measurements with results of a high resolution, variable element, coupled ocean-ice model for the Lake. The long-term exchange between the Labrador Sea and Lake Melville will be studied with this high-resolution ocean model. The implications of interannual ocean and atmospheric variability on the Lake ocean ecosystem will be discussed.

deYoung, Brad; Lu, Zhaoshi; Demirov, Entcho

2013-04-01

84

Data Centres  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The extensive Natural Resource Canada governmental Web site contains a wealth of information suited to researchers. One way to access this data is through the Geological Survey of Canada's Data Centres link, which provides a one-stop location for earth science information. Everything from geophysical, petrophysics, geomagnetism, earth impacts, mineral data, and much more can be found here.

1969-12-31

85

Flood magnitude and frequency of Jacks Run at the culvert on U.S. Route 206, Southampton Township, Burlington County, New Jersey  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Flood magnitude and frequency of Jacks Run at the culvert on U.S. Route 206, Southampton Township, New Jersey, were determined by using the rational method. Flood magnitude and frequency estimates, as well as basin characteristics, are included in this report. The 100-year-flood estimate is 29 cubic feet per second.

Barringer, Thomas

1996-01-01

86

(abstract) Satellite Physical Oceanography Data Available From an EOSDIS Archive  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Physical Oceanography Distributed Active Archive Center (PO.DAAC) at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory archives and distributes data as part of the Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS). Products available from JPL are largely satellite derived and include sea-surface height, surface-wind speed and vectors, integrated water vapor, atmospheric liquid water, sea-surface temperature, heat flux, and in-situ data as it pertains to satellite data. Much of the data is global and spans fourteen years.There is email access, a WWW site, product catalogs, and FTP capabilities. Data is free of charge.

Digby, Susan A.; Collins, Donald J.

1996-01-01

87

Physical Oceanography (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Classroom Connectors lesson plan teaches students about the physical features of the oceans. This includes oceanography terms, labeling and locating oceans on maps, and identifying five features of the ocean floor. The site provides goals, objectives, an outline, time required, materials, activities, and closure ideas for the lesson. The Classroom Connectors address content with an activity approach while incorporating themes necessary to raise the activity to a higher cognition level. The major motivation is to employ instructional strategies that bring the students physically and mentally into touch with the science they are studying.

88

The Maury Project: Exploring the Physical Foundations of Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Maury Project is the American Meteorological Society's comprehensive national program of teacher enhancement based on studies of the physical foundations of oceanography. Major components of the program include: (a) the development of a cadre of master oceanographic education resource teachers who provide peer training opportunities for their colleagues throughout the country, and (b) the dissemination and implementation of scientifically accurate and pedagogically sound instructional resource materials directed towards teachers. The program has two teacher enhancement components: (a) summer workshop training, and (b) peer-led training sessions. The workshop phase is held each summer at the United States Naval Academy (USNA) in Annapolis, Maryland, for 24 new participants (all of whom must go through an appliation process). This two-week phase includes intensive training sessions including lectures, tutorials, seminars, research cruises, hands-on laboratory exercises, and field trips. Trainers include faculty members from USNA, scientists from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and other organizations, and professional science educators. In component (b), the teachers trained in the USNA workshop conduct single-topic sessions on an on-going basis, for their peers within their home states, using single topic teaching materials developed by AMS specifically for this purpose. These training sessions, one to two hours in length, are offered by Maury Peer Trainers on a variety of topics treating the physical foundations of oceanography.

89

Polar Seas Oceanography: An Integrated Case Study of the Kara Sea  

Microsoft Academic Search

What strikes first when browsing through this book is that the main title is misleading. Polar Seas Oceanography is, first of all, a book on ``an integrated case study of the Kara Sea,'' as the subtitle says. For readers who are interested more generally in polar oceanography, the book is probably the wrong choice. The Kara Sea is a rather

Ingo Harms

2004-01-01

90

UCSD-Scripps Institution of Oceanography: Marine Biology Research Division  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 1,000 staff members, an annual budget of nearly $150 million, and its own fleet of ships capable of global travel, Scripps Institution of Oceanography is one of the most significant homes of scientific inquiry in the world. As part of its many diverse efforts, Scripps operates the Marine Biology Research Division which is presented at this website. The site, while simply designed and easy to navigate, is a great resource for students and researchers interested in learning more about the research activities at Scripps. Those interested in a certain type of research can narrow down the division into its specific labs, such as Cell and Developmental Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Microbiology, and Physiology. Visitors to the site can also access the many sub-laboratories, each focusing on specific subjects, such as Sea Turtles, Bioluminescence, Coral Reef ecology, and tons more. This site is also reviewed in the July 9, 2004 _NSDL Life Sciences Report_.

91

PreService Teacher Course in Physical Oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The next generation of Earth Science teachers requires enriched science content in their pre-service programs at the nation's universities. A pilot program with NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) scientists developed a "proof of concept" program during Summer 2005 at California State University-Fresno. A Physical Oceanography course for grade 6-12 educators was team taught by a university professor, a veteran teacher, and three JPL scientists. This two week course included presentations iii) the search for water on Mars. NASA satellite data were used extensively. The teachers also were exposed to web visualization tools such as PO.DAAC's Ocean ESIP Tool (POET) to teach the importance of ocean research.

Hammon, A.; Raskin, R.

2005-12-01

92

NSF-Sponsored Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ocean biogeochemistry and marine ecosystem research projects are inherently interdisciplinary and benefit from improved access to well-documented data. Improved data sharing practices are important to the continued exploration of research themes that are a central focus of the ocean science community and are essential to interdisciplinary and international collaborations that address complex, global research themes. In 2006, the National Science Foundation Division of Ocean Sciences (NSF OCE) funded the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) to serve the data management requirements of scientific investigators funded by the National Science Foundation’s Biological and Chemical Oceanography Sections. BCO-DMO staff members work with investigators to manage marine biogeochemical, ecological, and oceanographic data and information developed in the course of scientific research. These valuable data sets are documented, stored, disseminated, and protected over short and intermediate time frames. One of the goals of the BCO-DMO is to facilitate regional, national, and international data and information exchange through improved data discovery, access, display, downloading, and interoperability. In May 2010, NSF released a statement to the effect that in October 2010, it is planning to require that all proposals include a data management plan in the form of a two-page supplementary document. The data management plan would be an element of the merit review process. NSF has long been committed to making data from NSF-funded research publicly available and the new policy will strengthen this commitment. BCO-DMO is poised to assist in creating the data management plans and in ultimately serving the data and information resulting from NSF OCE funded research. We will present an overview of the data management system capabilities including: geospatial and text-based data discovery and access systems; recent enhancements to data search tools; data export and download utilities; and strategic use of controlled vocabularies to facilitate data integration and improve interoperability.

Allison, M. D.; Chandler, C. L.; Copley, N.; Galvarino, C.; Gegg, S. R.; Glover, D. M.; Groman, R. C.; Wiebe, P. H.; Work, T. T.; Biological; Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office

2010-12-01

93

Introductory Oceanography Taught as a Laboratory Science--An Experiment That Worked.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a college level introductory oceanography course that incorporates a hands-on laboratory component. The activities include the determination of density and buoyancy, light transmission in sea water, and wave refraction. (MA)

Anderson, Franz E.

1979-01-01

94

Dissertations Initiative for the Advancement of Limnology and Oceanography: DIALOG III and IV.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Originally founded in 1994, and now entering its third cycle, the Dissertations Initiative for the Advancement of Limnology and Oceanography (DIALOG) program seeks to (1) facilitate interdisciplinary, inter-institutional and international aquatic science ...

C. S. Weiler

1998-01-01

95

Oceanography: 1998 Paris Meeting Abstracts: Coastal and Marginal Seas. Volume 11, Number 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This grant supported a successful international multidisciplinary scientific meeting addressing the topic 'Coastal and Marginal Seas,' hosted by The Oceanography Society and UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission in Paris, June 1-4, 1998. The...

J. P. Rhodes R. W. Spinrad

1998-01-01

96

Applied Coastal Oceanography--A Course That Integrates Science and Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a course designed to teach students the fundamentals of coastal oceanography and the scientific methodologies used in studying this field. Business applications of this information also play an important role in the course. (DDR)

Montvilo, Jerome A.; Levin, Douglas R.

1998-01-01

97

Publications on Oceanography, Climatology and Fisheries in Korea Held in the NOAA Library Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Bibliography has been prepared to identify NOAA Library resources on Korean oceanography, meteorology and fisheries. The languages of the listed citations are English and/or Korean, and are organized in alphabetical order by title.

2007-01-01

98

Archival Collections of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Known as one of the most important centers for oceanographic research in the world, the Scripps Institution of Oceanography was founded in 1903 as the Marine Biological Association of San Diego. The Institution became part of the University of California in 1912, and this digital collection from the University of California-San Diego offers a wide range of primary and secondary materials that relate the history of this important research institution. On the site, visitors will find documents that detail the history of Scripps, such as the 1966 paper "SIO: First Fifty Years" by Helen Raitt and Beatrice Moulton, along with hundreds of photographs in the Still Image Collection area. Moving on down, the "Panoramas" area contains Quick Time movies of the Scripps campus in 1916 and 1927, along with movie clips of a sea spider and a fangtooth deep-sea fish. Visitors shouldn't miss the audio and video clips, as they can listen to a number of renowned scientists talk about their work at Scripps from the 1950s to the 1990s.

99

The Fourth International Conference on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography  

SciTech Connect

The Fourth International Conference on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography was held during the week of 29 March-2 April 1993 in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. The conference was a joint meeting of the American Meteorological Society and the Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society and was cosponsored by the Australian Academy of Sciences, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, and the World Meteorological Organization. There was great interest in the conference, with 398 participants attending from 25 countries, including 92 participants from the Unites States. Student participation was strongly encouraged,and thanks to support from a number of agencies, as many as 60 students were able to attend and actively contribute to the conference. The program included 110 oral and about 200 poster presentations. Each day started with two invited papers in the first morning session, followed by parallel oral sessions later in the morning and most afternoons. These were followed in turn by a poster session on three of the afternoons, with two of these days closed by a keynote address. The presentations were organized around seven major themes: general circulation, climate change, TOGA COARE and tropical studies, chemical cycles, numerical prediction and data analysis, regional studies, and Antarctic environment. The aim of the conference, to encourage greater communication between oceanographers and meteorologists interested in the Southern Hemisphere, was accomplished by including papers from both groups in each of the sessions. This review presents summaries of the invited keynote and invited papers and also briefly describes other activities of the conference.

Karoly, D.J. (Monash Univ., Clayton, Victoria (Australia)); Rosen, R.D. (Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc., Cambridge, MA (United States))

1994-02-01

100

Creating Education and Outreach Opportunities in Microbial Oceanography through Partnerships between Scientists and Educators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

C-MORE is an NSF-funded Science and Technology Center. Headquartered at the Univ of Hawaii at Manoa, C- MORE has five partner institutions: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Oregon State Univ, Univ of California at Santa Cruz and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Research and education activities occur at all six institutions. C-MORE's goals include educating and training a diverse population of teachers and students in microbial oceanography, providing professional development and training opportunities for scientists and educators, and improving public awareness of microbial oceanography. To date, C-MORE has focused on K-12 teacher-training, which include shipboard experiences, professional development workshops and mini-grants to incorporate microbial oceanography into K-12 curriculum. C-MORE's education and outreach activities are joint efforts between scientists and educators. Scientists have the microbial oceanography content knowledge and research skills, while educators can translate this information into everyday language and develop curriculum aligned with state and national standards. Some examples of upcoming events are given below. During Spring 2008, C-MORE will offer a six-week teacher workshop in microbial oceanography in Hawaii for local teachers. Emphasis is on research methods and laboratory skills. In mid-June, a two-day education cruise will engage teachers in scientific research in microbial oceanography. Working closely with microbial oceanographers, teachers will participate in sampling and analysis. In July, C-MORE will co-sponsor a nationwide teacher workshop on microbial oceanography in Oregon with the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), as part of the Education and Research: Testing Hypotheses (EARTH) workshop series (www.mbari.org/earth). For more info: kate.achilles@soest.hawaii.edu or barb@hawaii.edu

Achilles, K.; Weersing, K.; Walker, G.; Bruno, B. C.

2008-05-01

101

A New Data Management System for Biological and Chemical Oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) was created to serve PIs principally funded by NSF to conduct marine chemical and ecological research. The new office is dedicated to providing open access to data and information developed in the course of scientific research on short and intermediate time-frames. The data management system developed in support of U.S. JGOFS and U.S. GLOBEC programs is being modified to support the larger scope of the BCO-DMO effort, which includes ultimately providing a way to exchange data with other data systems. The open access system is based on a philosophy of data stewardship, support for existing and evolving data standards, and use of public domain software. The DMO staff work closely with originating PIs to manage data gathered as part of their individual programs. In the new BCO-DMO data system, project and data set metadata records designed to support re-use of the data are stored in a relational database (MySQL) and the data are stored in or made accessible by the JGOFS/GLOBEC object- oriented, relational, data management system. Data access will be provided via any standard Web browser client user interface through a GIS application (Open Source, OGC-compliant MapServer), a directory listing from the data holdings catalog, or a custom search engine that facilitates data discovery. In an effort to maximize data system interoperability, data will also be available via Web Services; and data set descriptions will be generated to comply with a variety of metadata content standards. The office is located at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and web access is via http://www.bco-dmo.org.

Groman, R. C.; Chandler, C.; Allison, D.; Glover, D. M.; Wiebe, P. H.

2007-12-01

102

Fetal and infant growth predict hip geometry at six years old: Findings from the Southampton Women's Survey  

PubMed Central

Background We investigated relationships between early growth and proximal femoral geometry at age six years in a prospective population-based cohort, the Southampton Women’s Survey. Methods In 493 mother-offspring pairs we assessed linear size (individual measure dependent on developmental stage) using high-resolution ultrasound at 11, 19 and 34 weeks gestation (femur length) and at birth, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 years (crown-heel length/height). Standard deviation (SD)-scores were created and conditional regression modelling generated mutually independent growth variables. Children underwent hip DXA (Dual X-ray absorptiometry) at 6 years (Hologic Discovery, Hologic Inc., MA); hip structure analysis software yielded measures of geometry and strength. Results There were strong associations between early linear growth and femoral neck section modulus (Z) at 6 years, with the strongest relationships observed for femur growth from 19-34 weeks gestation (?=0.26 cm3/SD, p<0.0001), and for height growth from birth to 1 year (?=0.25 cm3/SD, p<0.0001) and 1-2 years (?=0.33 cm3/SD, p<0.0001), with progressively weaker relationships over years 3 (?=0.23 cm3/SD, p=0.0002) and 4 (?=0.10 cm3/SD, p=0.18). Conclusions These results demonstrate that growth before age 3 years predicts proximal femoral geometry at six years old. The data suggest critical periods in which there is capacity for long term influence on the later skeletal growth trajectory.

Harvey, Nicholas C; Cole, Zoe A; Crozier, Sarah R; Ntani, Georgia; Mahon, Pamela A; Robinson, Sian M; Inskip, Hazel M; Godfrey, Keith M; Dennison, Elaine M; Cooper, Cyrus

2013-01-01

103

Associations between grip strength of parents and their 4-year-old children: findings from the Southampton Women's Survey.  

PubMed

Relationships between birthweight and grip strength throughout the life course suggest that early influences on the growth and development of muscle are important for long-term muscle function. However, little is known about parental influences on children's grip strength. We have explored this in the Southampton Women's Survey, a prospective general population cohort study from before conception through childhood. Grip strength was measured using a Jamar handgrip dynamometer in the mother at 19 weeks' gestation and her partner, and in the child at age 4 years. Pre-pregnancy heights and weights were measured in the mothers; reported weights and measured heights were available for the fathers. Complete data on parents and children were available for 444 trios. In univariable analyses, both parents' grip strengths were significantly associated with that of the child (r = 0.17, P < 0.001 for mothers; r = 0.15, P = 0.002 for fathers). These correlations were similar to that between the grip strength of the mothers and the fathers (r = 0.17, P < 0.001). In the multivariable model, after adjustment for child's height and physical activity, the correlations with the child's grip strength were attenuated, being 0.10 (P = 0.02) and 0.11 (P = 0.01) for mothers' and fathers' grip strength respectively. The findings show that grip strength of each parent is associated with that of the child, indicating that heritable influences and the shared family environment influence the development of muscle strength. This contributes to our understanding of the role of heritable and environmental factors on early muscle growth and development, which are important for muscle function across the life course. PMID:22150705

Inskip, Hazel; Macdonald-Wallis, Corrie; Kapasi, Tasneem; Robinson, Siân; Godfrey, Keith; Cooper, Cyrus; Harvey, Nicholas; Sayer, Avan Aihie

2012-01-01

104

Crystallisation and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of the protease from Southampton norovirus complexed with a Michael-acceptor inhibitor  

SciTech Connect

Noroviruses are the predominant cause of human epidemic nonbacterial gastroenteritis. Viral replication requires a cysteine protease that cleaves a 200 kDa viral polyprotein into its constituent functional parts. Here, the crystallization of the recombinant protease from the Southampton norovirus is described. While the native crystals were found to diffract only to medium resolution (2.9 {angstrom}), cocrystals of an inhibitor complex diffracted X-rays to 1.7 {angstrom} resolution. The polypeptide inhibitor (Ac-EFQLQ-propenyl ethyl ester) possesses an amino-acid sequence designed to match the substrate specificity of the enzyme, but was synthesized with a reactive Michael acceptor group at the C-terminal end.

Coates, Leighton [ORNL; Cooper, Jon [University of Southampton, England; Hussey, Robert [University of Southampton, England

2008-01-01

105

Strategies for Assessing Learning Outcomes in an Online Oceanography Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All general education courses at the San Jose State University, including those in the sciences, must present a detailed assessment plan of student learning, prior to certification for offering. The assessment plan must state a clear methodology for acquiring data on student achievement of the learning outcomes for the specific course category, as well as demonstrate how students fulfill a strong writing requirement. For example, an online course in oceanography falls into the Area R category, the Earth and Environment, through which a student should be able to demonstrate an understanding of the methods and limits of scientific investigation; distinguish science from pseudo-science; and apply a scientific approach to answer questions about the Earth and environment. The desired learning outcomes are shared with students at the beginning of the course and subsequent assessments on achieving each outcome are embedded in the graded assignments, which include a critical thinking essay, mid-term exam, poster presentation in a symposium-style format, portfolio of web-based work, weekly discussions on an electronic bulletin board, and a take-home final exam, consisting of an original research grant proposal. The diverse nature of the graded assignments assures a comprehensive assessment of student learning from a variety of perspectives, such as quantitative, qualitative, and analytical. Formative assessment is also leveraged into learning opportunities, which students use to identify the acquisition of knowledge. For example, pre-tests are used to highlight preconceptions at the beginning of specific field studies and post-testing encourages students to present the results of small research projects. On a broader scale, the assessment results contradict common misperceptions of online and hybrid courses. Student demand for online courses is very high due to the self-paced nature of learning. Rates of enrollment attrition match those of classroom sections, if students are informed of the instructor's expectations at the beginning of the course. The level of faculty-student and student-student communication is very high, both in terms of quantity and quality, and exceeds that experienced in classroom sections. Student scores on graded assignments compare favorably to classroom sections. Overall, online courses offer a cost-effective means of addressing top priority issues, including increasing student access to learning, accelerating rates of graduation, and improving outreach to K-12 educators, especially those working on credential requirements.

Reed, D. L.

2003-12-01

106

A Retrospective Self-Assessment of the SURFO Summer Internship Program in Oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowships in Oceanography (SURFO) program at the Graduate School of Oceanography/University of Rhode Island is an NSF-funded Research Experience for Undergraduates site program with a programmatic research niche focused on quantitative aspects of Oceanography. Each summer-cohort includes 9-12 participants (rising seniors) who are paired with a primary research advisor and often with a graduate student mentor. The primary components of the 10-week program include a 4-week introductory phase and a 6-week core research phase. A retrospective self-assessment instrument gauged the confidence, attitude and comfort level of participants with; 1) core math and science subjects, 2) oceanography-related subjects, 3) research skills, and 4) SURFO and GSO staff. SURFO participants evaluated themselves at the start of the program, after the introductory phase, and at the end of the program. Participants were also asked to reassess their initial evaluations and provide an updated score. The pre-assessment results indicate that the program recruits students from the target group (e.g., strong physics and math backgrounds, but with limited exposure to oceanography). The results also indicate that the students are initially comfortable with their advising team, but not so comfortable with their research topic and research skills. The post-introductory phase results indicate large increases in comfort level with the advising team and the local research community yet little or no change is indicated for research skills. The final assessments show large changes in oceanography-content knowledge, research topic, and research skills. The retrospective reassessment indicates an initial overconfidence in most categories. Overall, the largest changes occurred during the core research portion of the program. These results reinforce the importance/effectiveness of authentic, hands-on, inquiry-based research for higher learning and training the next generation of scientists.

Pockalny, R. A.; Donohue, K. A.; Fliegler, J.

2009-12-01

107

Shedding Light on the Sea: André Morel's Legacy to Optical Oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

André Morel (1933-2012) was a prominent pioneer of modern optical oceanography, enabling significant advances in this field. Through his forward thinking and research over more than 40 years, he made key contributions that this field needed to grow and to reach its current status. This article first summarizes his career and then successively covers different aspects of optical oceanography where he made significant contributions, from fundamental work on optical properties of water and particles to global oceanographic applications using satellite ocean color observations. At the end, we share our views on André's legacy to our research field and scientific community.

Antoine, David; Babin, Marcel; Berthon, Jean-François; Bricaud, Annick; Gentili, Bernard; Loisel, Hubert; Maritorena, Stéphane; Stramski, Dariusz

2014-01-01

108

A FORMAL COURSE IN OCEANOGRAPHY AT THE SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL THROUGH INDEPENDENT STUDY, SUMMARY REPORT AND FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS STUDY WAS DESIGNED TO DETERMINE THE FEASIBILITY OF INTRODUCING A COURSE IN OCEANOGRAPHY AT THE SECONDARY LEVEL. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES WERE (1) TO ORGANIZE, EXAMINE, AND REVISE EXISTING INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS SUITABLE FOR USE IN AN INDEPENDENT STUDY COURSE IN OCEANOGRAPHY, (2) TO DEVELOP NEW INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS AND EXPERIENCES, (3) TO…

LAMIE, RICHARD G.

109

SWOT: A high-resolution wide-swath altimetry mission for oceanography and hydrology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new satellite mission called Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) has been developed jointly by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration and France's Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales. Based on the success of nadir-looking altimetry missions in the past, SWOT will use the technique of radar interferometry to make wide-swath altimetric measurements of the elevation of surface water on land and the ocean's surface topography. The new measurements will provide information on the changing ocean currents that are key to the prediction of climate change, as well as the shifting fresh water resources resulting from climate change. Conventional satellite altimetry has revolutionized oceanography by providing nearly two decades' worth of global measurements of ocean surface topography. However, the noise level of radar altimeters limits the along-track spatial resolution to 50-100 km over the oceans. The large spacing between the satellite ground tracks limits the resolution of 2D gridded data to 200 km. Yet most of the kinetic energy of ocean circulation takes place at the scales unresolved by conventional altimetry. About 50% of the vertical transfer of heat and chemical properties of the ocean (e.g., dissolved CO2 and nutrients) is also accomplished by processes at these scales. SWOT observations will provide the critical new information at these scales for developing and testing ocean models that are designed for predicting future climate change. SWOT measurements will be in Ka band (~35 GHZ), chosen for the radar to achieve high precision with a much shorter inteferometry baseline of 10 m. Small look angles (~ 4 degrees) are required to minimize elevation errors, which limits the swath width to 120 km. An orbit with inclination of 78 degrees and 22 day repeat period was chosen for gapless coverage and good tidal aliasing properties. With this configuration, SWOT is expected to achieve 1 cm precision at 1 km x 1 km pixels over the ocean and 10 cm precision over 50 m x 50 m pixels over land waters. This presentation will be in two parts. Firstly we will give a brief overview of the SWOT mission and its sampling characteristics. We will then introduce a number of recent scientific results on our present understanding of ocean topography and surface geostropic velocities at mesoscales and sub-mesoscales, results which have been inspired by the upcoming SWOT measurements.

Morrow, Rosemary; Fu, Lee-Lueng; Rodriguez, Ernesto

2013-04-01

110

From Scientist to Educator: Oceanography in the Formal and Informal Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The TOPEX/Poseidon and Jason-1 ocean altimeter missions offer the educator in the middle school or informal education venue a unique opportunity for reinforcing ocean science studies. Two new educational posters from the United States' NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory and France's Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales provide teachers and students a tool to examine topics such as the dynamics of ocean circulation, ocean research, and the oceans role in climate. "Voyage on the High Seas; A Jason-1 Oceanic Adventure" is a poster/board game that offers learning opportunities through a non-textbook activity designed to stimulate interest in ocean science in a fun and instructive environment. The object of the game is to be the first to sail your research vessel from the Mediterranean Sea to Seattle, Washington while gaining Discovery Points. The starting point in the Mediterranean is where the mythological adventurers Jason and the Argonauts set out on their epic voyage to find the golden fleece. Discovery and Quiz Cards are used to challenge players to gain knowledge and points by correctly answering questions using clues from the board. Teachers can directly photocopy additional activities from the reverse side of the board game for use in a middle school Earth science curriculum. The game is also a stand-alone poster that is an engaging world map depicting the world's oceans and continents, major ocean currents, and other important geographic features. A second poster has been developed as a joint JPL/CNES effort. "Oceans' Music: Climate's Dance" highlights the ocean/climate link and provides educational activities that can be used directly in the classroom. The eye-catching poster is appropriate for display in both the formal and informal education setting. In both venues it should stimulate conversation about the ocean and provide a point of entry into inquiry-based learning about the connections between ocean circulation and global climate. It also seeks to emphasize the role of the ocean in sustaining life on Earth. Activities on the back of the poster can be used as supplemental material in a middle school Earth science curriculum, and are suitable for individual instruction and for classroom or group exercises. This poster will be published in both English and French. Educational research indicates that an inquiry-based method of student engagement is an appropriate and effective teaching tool. These posters offer a fun and instructive environment to promote student interest in Earth Science in general and particularly in oceanography.

Richardson, A. H.; Jasnow, M.; Srinivasan, M. S.; Rosmorduc, V.; Blanc, F.

2002-12-01

111

The Search for Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper acknowledges the importance of a dancer's centre but likewise highlights the problematic nature of the communication of this concept from dance teacher to student. After a brief introduction of orthodox approaches in finding centre, this paper suggests a method of locating centre through the ancient somatic technique.

Nunes, April

2006-01-01

112

Science Learning Centres Roundup  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The national network of Science Learning Centres aims to raise the quality of science teaching from Key Stage 1 through post-16 (ages 5-19). Short courses are provided locally through the regional Science Learning Centres and longer, more intensive programmes are available at the National Science Learning Centre in York. There are a growing number…

Education in Science, 2010

2010-01-01

113

Implementation of the Meteorology and Oceanography Geospatial Initiative at the Naval Oceanographic Office  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO) is charged with the collection and processing of oceanographic data worldwide in direct support of military operations. They are also a co-producer of digital products with the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA). They currently provide more than 1600 products a year in support of warfighter operations. The Meteorology and Oceanography (METOC) Geospatial Initiative (MGI)

D. Edson; J. A. Lever; C. Kelly; J. Goudeau

2001-01-01

114

Let's Talk About You and Sharks, American Oceanography Special Educational Newsletter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special educational newsletter of the American Society for Oceanography presents information on marine oriented subjects, primarily for reading by junior high and secondary school students. Major articles consider the habits and stinging effects of sharks, jelly fish, and sting rays, and what one should do if stung by these fish while…

Kraft, Thomas L.; Miloy, Leatha

1971-01-01

115

Writing Guide for Student Oceanography and Marine Biology Field Research Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines are presented for oceanography students and others who conduct field investigations to assist them in writing research reports. The discussion not only focuses on report writing but also emphasizes data gathering and library research techniques. Topics include introduction to research reports, conducting field research, tools and aids…

Schlenker, Richard M.; Perry, Constance M.

116

Virtual Research Expeditions along Plate Margins: Examples from an Online Oceanography Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

An undergraduate online course in oceanography is based on the participation of each student in a series of virtual, at-sea, research expeditions, two of which are used to examine the tectonic processes at plate boundaries. The objective is to leverage the results of major federal research initiatives in the ocean sciences into effective learning tools with a long lifespan for

D. L. Reed; G. F. Moore; N. L. Bangs; H. J. Tobin

2010-01-01

117

Beyond the Golden Gate; oceanography, geology, biology, and environmental issues in the Gulf of the Farallones  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In the 1990's, the U.S. Geological Survey sponsored a multidisciplinary, multiagency investigation of the Gulf of the Farallones, which lies offshore of the San Francisco Bay region. This book discussess the results of the endeavor, covering the topics of oceanography and geology, biology and ecological niches, and issues of environmental management.

edited by Karl, Herman A.; Chin, John L.; Ueber, Edward; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II

2001-01-01

118

Oceanography of the Black Sea: A review of some recent results  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new synthesis of the Black Sea oceanography is presented, primarily based on studies carried out in the southern Black Sea, as well as on some recent work covering the entire basin, obtained in a new era of increasing cooperation between the riparian countries. A review of the physical environment is given. Seasonal and interannual climatic variability of the system

Emin Özsoy; Ümit Ünlüata

1997-01-01

119

The ARMADA Project: Bringing Oceanography and the Arctic to the Midwest  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the fall of 2009, I spent 6 weeks aboard the Coast Guard Icebreaker Healy on a mapping expedition in the Arctic Ocean, through participation in the University of Rhode Island's ARMADA Project. Because I grew up in the Midwest, went to college here, and teach in the Chicago suburbs, I had limited first-hand experience in oceanography, as did most

J. Pazol

2010-01-01

120

Digital image enhancement techniques used in some ERTS application problems. [geology, geomorphology, and oceanography  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Enhancements discussed include contrast stretching, multiratio color displays, Fourier plane operations to remove striping and boosting MTF response to enhance high spatial frequency content. The use of each technique in a specific application in the fields of geology, geomorphology and oceanography is demonstrated.

Goetz, A. F. H.; Billingsley, F. C.

1974-01-01

121

Brazil/U.S. Workshop on Physical Oceanography Held on 3-6 August 1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The first Brazil/U.S. Workshop on Physical Oceanography of the South Atlantic Ocean was held on 3 Aug 1987 at the University of New Hampshire. The workshop resulted from a growing mutual interest in studying a complex and exceedingly interesting part of t...

E. Drapeau

1987-01-01

122

Officer Education and Training in Oceanography for ASW and Other Naval Applications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study into the knowledge and experience required for optimum performance by officers assigned to operational, R & D, and managerial duties in Anti-submarine Warfare concludes that oceanography should receive the major emphasis on an interdisciplinary graduate level program of the contributing disciplines in ASW. In planning education and…

Waterman, Larry Wayne

123

The Plankton Net: Plankton Ecology, Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Plankton Net features a collection of resources related to plankton ecology, marine biology and biological oceanography. Access is provided to an online discussion board and to other websites on marine biology, marine journals, research opportunities, online publications, organizations, and conferences. This website also features an extensive list of researcher webpages and instructions on how to make your own plankton net.

Currie, Warren; Sciences, Ohio U.

124

Real-Time Access to Altimetry and Operational Oceanography Products via OPeNDAP/LAS Technologies : the Example of Aviso, Mercator and Mersea Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Products and Services (P&S) department in the Space Oceanography Division at CLS is in charge of diffusing and promoting altimetry and operational oceanography data. P&S is so involved in Aviso satellite altimetry project, in Mercator ocean operational forecasting system, and in the European Godae /Mersea ocean portal. Aiming to a standardisation and a common vision and management of all these ocean data, these projects led to the implementation of several OPeNDAP/LAS Internet servers. OPeNDAP allows the user to extract via a client software (like IDL, Matlab or Ferret) the data he is interested in and only this data, avoiding him to download full information files. OPeNDAP allows to extract a geographic area, a period time, an oceanic variable, and an output format. LAS is an OPeNDAP data access web server whose special feature consists in the facility for unify in a single vision the access to multiple types of data from distributed data sources. The LAS can make requests to different remote OPeNDAP servers. This enables to make comparisons or statistics upon several different data types. Aviso is the CNES/CLS service which distributes altimetry products since 1993. The Aviso LAS distributes several Ssalto/Duacs altimetry products such as delayed and near-real time mean sea level anomaly, absolute dynamic topography, absolute geostrophic velocities, gridded significant wave height and gridded wind speed modulus. Mercator-Ocean is a French operational oceanography centre which distributes its products by several means among them LAS/OPeNDAP servers as part of Mercator Mersea-strand1 contribution. 3D ocean description (temperature, salinity, current and other oceanic variables) of the North Atlantic and Mediterranean are real-time available and weekly updated. LAS special feature consisting in the possibility of making requests to several remote data centres with same OPeNDAP configurations particularly fitted to Mersea strand-1 problematics. This European project (June 2003 to June 2004) sponsored by the European Commission was the first experience of an integrated operational oceanography project. The objective was the assessment of several existing operational in situ and satellite monitoring and numerical forecasting systems for the future elaboration (Mersea Integrated Project, 2004-2008) of an integrated system able to deliver, operationally, information products (physical, chemical, biological) towards end-users in several domains related to environment, security and safety. Five forecasting ocean models with data assimilation coming from operational in situ or satellite data centres, have been intercompared. The main difficulty of this LAS implementation has lied in the ocean model metrics definition and a common file format adoption which forced the model teams to produce the same datasets in the same formats (NetCDF, COARDS/CF convention). Notice that this was a pioneer approach and that it has been adopted by Godae standards (see F. Blanc's paper in this session). Going on these web technologies implementation and entering a more user-oriented issue, perspectives deal with the implementation of a Map Server, a GIS opensource server which will communicate with the OPeNDAP server. The Map server will be able to manipulate simultaneously raster and vector multidisciplinary remote data. The aim is to construct a full complete web oceanic data distribution service. The projects in which we are involved allow us to progress towards that.

Baudel, S.; Blanc, F.; Jolibois, T.; Rosmorduc, V.

2004-12-01

125

Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center support for GODAE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Navy's Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (FNMOC; see http://www.fnmoc.navy.mil/), located in Monterey, CA, is the lead activity within the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) for numerical weather prediction and coupled air-sea modeling. FNMOC fulfills this role through means of a suite of sophisticated global and regional meteorological and oceanographic (METOC) models, extending from the top of the atmosphere to the bottom of the ocean, which is supported by one of the world's most complete real-time METOC databases. Fleet Numerical operates around-the-clock, 365 days per year and distributes METOC products to military and civilian users around the world, both ashore and afloat, through a variety of means, including a rapidly growing and innovative use of Web technology. FNMOC's customers include all branches of the Department of Defense (DoD), other government organizations such as the National Weather Service, private companies such as the Weather Channel, a number of colleges and universities, and the general public. FNMOC acquires and processes over 6 million METOC observations per day—creating one of the world's most comprehensive real-time databases of meteorological and oceanographic observations for assimilation into its models. FNMOC employs three primary models, the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS), the Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS), and the WaveWatch III model (WW3), along with a number of specialized models and related applications. NOGAPS is a global weather model, driving nearly all other FNMOC models and applications in some fashion. COAMPS is a high-resolution regional model that has proved to be particularly valuable for forecasting weather and ocean conditions in highly complex coastal areas. WW3 is a state-of-the-art ocean wave model that is employed both globally and regionally in support of a wide variety of naval operations. Specialized models support and supplement the main models with predictions of ocean thermal structure, ocean currents, and other important data. In general, FNMOC strives to treat the air-ocean environment as a fully integrated system, from the top of the atmosphere to the bottom of the ocean, placing special emphasis on the air-ocean interface. FNMOC also hosts the USGODAE Server (see http://www.usgodae.org). Ongoing development of this system is being done through a partnership of FNMOC and NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Lab (PMEL), with oversight from the U.S. Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment (GODAE) Steering Committee and funding from the Office of Naval Research (ONR). The USGODAE Server hosts in-situ oceanographic data, atmospheric forcing fields suitable for driving ocean models and unique GODAE data sets, including demonstration ocean model products. The USGODAE Server contains fixed and drifting buoy data, bathythermograph data, PALACE float data, ship data and CMAN data. It also includes TOPEX, GFO, and ERS altimeter data, AVHRR SST retrievals, DMSP sea ice concentration retrievals and meteorological observations. The USGODAE Server also functions as one of two global repositories or Global Data Assembly Centers (GDACs) for data from the Argo global array of temperature/salinity profiling floats. Included in these online data sets are those from Canada (MEDS) with 67 floats and 1900 station files from April 2001 to present, Japan (JMA) with 97 floats and 2700 station files from April 2000 to present, and the U.S. (AOML) with 304 floats and 9800 station files from August 1997 to present, and France (CORIOLIS) with 121 floats and 5396 station files from early 2001 to present. On the USGODAE Server the Argo GDAC Web Interface allows users to easily select data based on time, region, Data Assembly Center (DAC), or float ID. Users can download float profile files, trajectory files, or technical data files. The atmospheric forcing fields hosted on the USGODAE Server are from both FNMOC and the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP). The FNMOC fields include o

Dimitriou, D.; Sharfstein, P.; Ignaszewski, M.; Clancy, M.

2003-04-01

126

1960-69 Cumulative Index of Articles Related to Oceanography and Limnology Education in The Science Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indexed are articles relating to oceanography and limnology published in "The Science Teacher" between 1960 and 1969. Articles are indexed under title, author, and topic. Topics include background information, course descriptions, and laboratory equipment and techniques. (EB)

Cohen, Maxwell

127

Physical oceanography of the US Atlantic and eastern Gulf of Mexico. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The report provides a summary of the physical oceanography of the U.S. Atlantic and Eastern Gulf of Mexico and its implication to offshore oil and gas exploration and development. Topics covered in the report include: meteorology and air-sea interactions, circulation on the continental shelf, continental slope and rise circulation, Gulf Stream, Loop Current, deep-western boundary current, surface gravity-wave climatology, offshore engineering implications, implications for resource commercialization, and numerical models of pollutant dispersion.

Milliman, J.D.; Imamura, E.

1992-06-01

128

The Dead Zone: Ecology and Oceanography in the Gulf of Mexico  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case study focuses on the seasonal hypoxic area in the Gulf of Mexico known as the Dead Zone. The case introduces students to the marine food web, the aquatic microbial loop, the impact of exogenous nutrients, and the physical forces that affect oxygen content and water stratification. It could be used in introductory biology or ecology courses or in an oceanography course. Registration and login required to access Answer Key.

Archer, Kathleen; Sahl, Lauren

129

Australian Centre for Astrobiology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Australian Centre for Astrobiology performs research in physics, astronomy, and cosmology, as well as investigates the possibility of life beyond Earth. After learning about the Centre's latest news and events, users can find summaries of the many current research projects including studies of ancient hydrothermal systems, remote sensing of the atmosphere of Venus, and varying constants. The website features the research, papers, and achievements of Professor Paul Davies and the Centre's other members. Students and educators can discover research and scholarship opportunities. This site is also reviewed in the June 25, 2004 _NSDL Physical Sciences Report_.

130

CAD Centre - Index Searcher  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A searchable index of the CAD Centre, a postgraduate teaching and research unit in design manufacture and engineering management, with research focused on design methods and computer support of the design process for engineering applications.

2007-10-11

131

Study of the marine environment of the northern Gulf of California. [seasonal variations in oceanography  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. Results of studies of the oceanography of the northern Gulf of California (Mexico) are reported. A remote, instrumented buoy measuring and telemetering oceanographic data by ERTS-1 satellite was designed, constructed, deployed, and tested. Regular cruises by a research ship on a pattern of 47 oceanographic stations collected data which are analyzed and referenced to analysis of ERTS-1 satellite imagery. A thermal dynamic model of current patterns in the northern Gulf of California is proposed. Findings are examined in relation to the model.

Hendrickson, J. R. (principal investigator)

1973-01-01

132

Discovering a Discovery Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has recently been a growth in the popularity of "science centres" and this development provides an excellent opportunity to support the primary science curriculum. Their use is therefore well worth including within initial teacher education courses. Hence, undergraduate student teachers at Stranmillis University College Belfast may now…

McCullagh, John; Stewart, James; Greenwood, Julian

2007-01-01

133

Winnipeg Centre Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Winnipeg Centre Project is a field-based, work-study program that attempts to create more appropriate education for the inner-city child. Sponsored by the Planning and Research Branch of the Department of Colleges and Universities Affairs and administered by Brandon University in consultation with the Winnipeg School Division, the project is…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

134

Low cost engineering centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the growing trend by major European engineering contracting companies to utilise labour and resources from developing countries in an attempt to reduce costs on overseas projects. In particular, the use of engineering design offices in developing countries as ‘low cost engineering centres’ in an effort to gain competitive advantage.

David J Lawson

1996-01-01

135

Wycheproof Education Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Wycheproof township in New South Wales (Australia) is the regional center for a grain farming community. The Wycheproof Education Centre was formed by the merger of a separate primary and secondary school (on one site with existing buildings), into a single governing body that is educationally structured into junior, middle, and senior…

Sweetnam and Godfrey, Melbourne (Australia).

136

Centre of excellence.  

PubMed

In August, the refurbished RCN Library and Heritage Centre opened at the college's London headquarters. As well as a comprehensive collection of nursing literature, it offers a relaxing 'club' environment where nurses can meet , study socialise . Exhibitions, drawing on the college's unrivalled archive of nursing materials, showcase nursing's achievements and stimulate discussion. PMID:24219456

Lomas, Clare

137

Maple Leaf Outdoor Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maple Leaf Outdoor Centre (Ontario) has added year-round outdoor education facilities and programs to help support its summer camp for disadvantaged children. Schools, youth centers, religious groups, and athletic teams conduct their own programs, collaborate with staff, or use staff-developed programs emphasizing adventure education and personal…

Maguire, Molly; Gunton, Ric

2000-01-01

138

Oceanography: waves  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page provides an illustrated tutorial in wave motion and ocean waves. Topics include waves and wind, waves in shallow water, tsunamis, waves and environment, and more. Many drawings and photographs of waves and their effects complement the text.

2006-12-23

139

Further Enhancements of the Geospatial Interface to the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) was created to serve scientific investigators funded by the National Science Foundation’s Biological and Chemical Oceanography Sections as a location where marine biogeochemical, ecological and oceanographic data and information developed in the course of scientific research can easily be stored, disseminated, and protected, on short and intermediate time-frames. Our main objective is to support the scientific community through improved accessibility to ocean science data. The BCO-DMO manages existing and new data sets from individual scientific investigators and collaborative groups of investigators, and makes these available via any standard Web browser. This presentation addresses the current status of our implementation of the University of Minnesota’s OGC-compliant MapServer interface to these data. Recently added features or changes include additional mapping and display options, metadata search options, and support for KML (Google Earth) output files. We have made additions to the metadata database to support these and other changes and to enhance our interoperability features. Development of the MapServer interface to the BCO-DMO data collection provides a geospatial context in which to discover data sets that are of potential interest.

Groman, R. C.; Allison, M. D.; Chandler, C. L.; Glover, D. M.; Wiebe, P. H.; Gegg, S. R.

2009-12-01

140

Making Data Available via the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office - Overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) was created from the U.S. Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (U.S. JGOFS) and the U.S. GLOBal ocean ECosystems dynamics (U.S. GLOBEC) Data Management Offices. The BCO-DMO is a NSF funded project that provides support for scientists funded by either the NSF's Biological or Chemical Oceanography Program Office to facilitate making their projects' data publically accessible. To extend the domains of the U.S. JGOFS and U.S. GLOBEC programs and to enable new capacities, the BCO-DMO formalized our metadata collection efforts and designed and created the BCO-DMO metadata database. This database, together with our new website content (http://www.bco-dmo.org) and a geospatial interface based on the University of Minnesota's MapServer software, currently provide access to information and data from nine science programs and their associated 27 projects. This presentation provides an overview and summary of the data discovery, data access, display, download options, interoperability features, and capabilities of the BCO-DMO data system.

Groman, R. C.; Allison, M. D.; Chandler, C. L.; Glover, D. M.; Wiebe, P. H.

2008-12-01

141

Polar Seas Oceanography: An Integrated Case Study of the Kara Sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What strikes first when browsing through this book is that the main title is misleading. Polar Seas Oceanography is, first of all, a book on ``an integrated case study of the Kara Sea,'' as the subtitle says. For readers who are interested more generally in polar oceanography, the book is probably the wrong choice. The Kara Sea is a rather shallow shelf sea within the Arctic Ocean, located between the Barents Sea to the west and the Laptev Sea to the east. The importance of the Kara Sea is manifold: climate change issues like ice formation and freshwater runoff, environmental problems from dumping of radioactive waste or oil exploitation, and finally, the Northern Sea route, which crosses large parts of the Kara Sea, underline the economical and ecological relevance of that region. In spite of severe climate conditions, the Kara Sea is relatively well investigated. This was achieved through intense oceanographic expeditions, aircraft surveys, and polar drift stations. Russian scientists from the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI) carried out a major part of this outstanding work during the second half of the last century.

Harms, Ingo

2004-02-01

142

The Indigo V Indian Ocean Expedition: a prototype for citizen microbial oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microbial Oceanography has long been an extremely expensive discipline, requiring ship time for sample collection and thereby economically constraining the number of samples collected. This is especially true for under-sampled water bodies such as the Indian Ocean. Specialised scientific equipment only adds to the costs. Moreover, long term monitoring of microbial communities and large scale modelling of global biogeochemical cycles requires the collection of high-density data both temporally and spatially in a cost-effective way. Thousands of private ocean-going vessels are cruising around the world's oceans every day. We believe that a combination of new technologies, appropriate laboratory protocols and strategic operational partnerships will allow researchers to broaden the scope of participation in basic oceanographic research. This will be achieved by equipping sailing vessels with small, satcom-equipped sampling devices, user-friendly collection techniques and a 'pre-addressed-stamped-envelope' to send in the samples for analysis. We aim to prove that 'bigger' is not necessarily 'better' and the key to greater understanding of the world's oceans is to forge the way to easier and cheaper sample acquisition. The ultimate goal of the Indigo V Expedition is to create a working blue-print for 'citizen microbial oceanography'. We will present the preliminary outcomes of the first Indigo V expedition, from Capetown to Singapore, highlighting the challenges and opportunities of such endeavours.

Lauro, Federico; Senstius, Jacob; Cullen, Jay; Lauro, Rachelle; Neches, Russell; Grzymski, Joseph

2014-05-01

143

Data-computing technologies: A new stage in the development of operational oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An analysis is given of the methods of operational oceanography based on measurements derived from satellite data, observations acquired by drifters and passing vessels, and modern simulations of marine and oceanic circulations. In addition, a historical review is conducted of the previous and current research in this field carried out in the Soviet Union, Ukraine, and Russia. A discussion is given of the principles underlying the design of an effective data-computing system (DCS) for solving the problems of operational oceanography and the implementation of the prototype system for the Black Sea within the joint research project of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) and the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU) "The Black Sea as an Ocean Simulation Model." The effectiveness of applying the multicomponent splitting method in the construction of sea circulation models and specialized DCSs with integrated algorithms of variational assimilation of observational data is estimated. The concept of using the Black Sea as a testing site for innovations is developed. The underlying idea of the concept is the similarity of the Black Sea dynamics with processes in the oceans. The numerical Black Sea circulation models used in the project are described, their development areas are discussed, and the requirements to a Black Sea observing system are defined.

Marchuk, G. I.; Paton, B. E.; Korotaev, G. K.; Zalesny, V. B.

2013-11-01

144

SPOT4 Management Centre  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the context of the CNES SPOT4 program CISI is particularly responsible for the development of the SPOT4 Management Centre, part of the SPOT4 ground control system located at CNES Toulouse (France) designed to provide simultaneous control over two satellites. The main operational activities are timed to synchronize with satellite visibilities (ten usable passes per day). The automatic capability of this system is achieved through agenda services (sequence of operations as defined and planned by operator). Therefore, the SPOT4 Management Centre offers limited, efficient and secure human interventions for supervision and decision making. This paper emphasizes the main system characteristics as degree of automation, level of dependability and system parameterization.

Labrune, Yves; Labbe, X.; Roussel, A.; Vielcanet, P.

1994-01-01

145

Crime Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the Law School at the University of Western Australia, the Crime Research Centre houses substantial data as well as information on scholarly publications, conferences, related Web links, and public lectures pertaining to the study of crime in Western Australia. Data include comprehensive statistics for general crime in Western Australia from 1994 to 1999 (the 1999 statistics were recently posted) as well as statistics on domestic violence, trends in violent crime, and rural crime and safety in the state. In addition, the publications section provides tables of contents and ordering information for over two dozen research and scholarly reports and books on criminal justice issues. (We wish that the Centre would place online the full text of at least those reports listed as "out of print.") The links page appears comprehensive for its topic, though unannotated.

146

Centre for Educational Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the University of Cape Town in South Africa, the aim of the Centre for Educational Technology is to "realise the principles expressed in the University" technology policy. In order to meet that lofty goal, the Centre for Educational Technology (CET) is hard at work in the areas of curriculum development, learning technologies, staff development, and research. Visitors are introduced to the work of talented University of Cape Town students in the "UCT Stories" on the homepage of the website, and when clicking "Read more," can view "related files," such as a film clip, screen shot, or download. Visitors will find the "Projects" tab contains informative individual downloadable reports on information and communication technologies (ICT) of the eight African countries involved in the Partnership for Higher Education in Africa (PHEA). Some of the countries involved in the partnership include Ghana, Kenya, and Egypt, and visitors can find statistics on infrastructure, higher education enrollment, internet access, and usage in the reports.

2012-01-13

147

Reliability Centred Maintenance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliability centred maintenance (RCM) is a method for maintenance planning that was developed within the aircraft industry\\u000a and later adapted to several other industries and military branches. A high number of standards and guidelines have been issued\\u000a where the RCM methodology is tailored to different application areas, e.g., IEC 60300-3-11, MIL-STD-217, NAVAIR 00-25-403 (NAVAIR 2005), SAE JA 1012 (SAE 2002),

Marvin Rausand; Jørn Vatn

148

Using Calibrated Peer Review in a Large General Education Oceanography Class  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The calibrated peer review method (developed by UCLA chemists: http://cpr.molsci.ucla.edu/) was implemented in the EarthEd Online software system and used during a winter quarter UCSB oceanography class consisting of about 70 students. The EarthEd Online software (http://oceanography.geol.ucsb.edu) provides student access to earth data, assignments, and grades. The calibrated peer review method is a system where students write their paper and ``hand it in" online. After the due date, they then review 3 papers that have been written by the instructor and scored according to a carefully developed rubric. The student scores the 3 instructor written papers and is prompted if his/her average score for each section of the paper is outside of preset limits. After the 3 ``calibration" papers have been scored, the student scores 3 peer papers and last, their own paper, according to the same rubric. A student may request that the instructor or teaching assistant grade her/his paper, for any reason. This method provides strong student motivation for evaluating example papers of various qualities, reading peer papers and noticing different writing styles, and evaluating their own work according to the guidelines set by the instructor. The assignment results in 2 scores. The first is the score for the quality of the paper and is based on the 3 peer reviews, weighted by the reviewer's mean square error from the rubric item scores. Instructor assigned scores over-ride peer scores. The second score is for the ``quality of the reviews." It is based on the student's rms error from the 3 calibration papers, the difference between the peer reviewed paper scores and its actual score, and the difference between the scoring of his/her own paper and its final score. The report screens in EarthEd Online allow the instructor to quickly identify papers where the student's own score varies significantly from the peer assigned score. These are graded by the teaching assistants or instructor. For the 4 written assignments, 61% to 75% of the peer scores were within 90% of score assigned by the student to her/his own paper. 15 to 20% of the papers were scored by the teaching assistants, with most adjustments less than 20%. Final exam scores also indicated increased student learning of general oceanography content.

Prothero, W. A.; Kelly, G.

2005-12-01

149

Bottom Sediment and Rock Samples (1954-1965) Stored at the Department of Oceanography University of Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains collection data for geologic samples obtained by the University of Washington, Department of Oceanography during the period 1954-1965. The samples were collected over a wide area of the Northeast Pacific and Arctic oceans. Most of the...

J. L. Woodruff D. A. McManus

1966-01-01

150

Tracking cold bottom water in the Gargano Peninsula and Bari Canyon regions of the Adriatic using seismic oceanography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tracking cold, dense bottom water from conventional ship sampling is difficult - equipment safety concerns result in incomplete sampling near the seafloor, and lateral variability can be significant. Mooring time series are poor at mapping dense water vein spatial extents and can even completely miss sampling narrow veins. The relatively new technique of seismic oceanography (SO) could potentially provide a

Warren Wood; Sandro Carniel; Dennis Lindwall; Giovanni Bortoluzzi; Richard Hobbs

2010-01-01

151

Active-Learning Methods To Improve Student Performance and Scientific Interest in a Large Introductory Oceanography Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transfers the environment of a large enrollment oceanography course by modifying lectures to include cooperative learning via interactive in-class exercises and directed discussion. Results of student surveys, course evaluations, and exam performance demonstrate that learning of the subject under these conditions has improved. (Author/SAH)

Yuretich, Richard F.; Khan, Samia A.; Leckie, R. Mark; Clement, John J.

2001-01-01

152

Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website describes the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre's work utilizing luminescence and radiocarbon dating. Through this expansive website, visitors can learn about the centre's many research projects including radioactive contamination, isotope geology, and environmental gamma spectrometry.

2008-03-12

153

The DESY Grid Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

DESY is one of the world-wide leading centers for research with particle accelerators, synchrotron light and astroparticles. DESY participates in LHC as a Tier-2 center, supports on-going analyzes of HERA data, is a leading partner for ILC, and runs the National Analysis Facility (NAF) for LHC and ILC in the framework of the Helmholtz Alliance, Physics at the Terascale. For the research with synchrotron light major new facilities are operated and built (FLASH, PETRA-III, and XFEL). DESY furthermore acts as Data-Tier1 centre for the Neutrino detector IceCube. Established within the EGI-project DESY operates a grid infrastructure which supports a number of virtual Organizations (VO), incl. ATLAS, CMS, and LHCb. Furthermore, DESY hosts some of HEP and non-HEP VOs, such as the HERA experiments and ILC as well as photon science communities. The support of the new astroparticle physics VOs IceCube and CTA is currently set up. As the global structure of the grid offers huge resources which are perfect for batch-like computing, DESY has set up the National Analysis Facility (NAF) which complements the grid to allow German HEP users for efficient data analysis. The grid infrastructure and the NAF use the same physics data which is distributed via the grid. We call the conjunction of grid and NAF the DESY Grid Centre. In the contribution to CHEP2012 we will in depth discuss the conceptional and operational aspects of our multi-VO and multi-community Grid Centre and present the system setup. We will in particular focus on the interplay of Grid and NAF and present experiences of the operations.

Haupt, A.; Gellrich, A.; Kemp, Y.; Leffhalm, K.; Ozerov, D.; Wegner, P.

2012-12-01

154

Applying Argumentation Analysis to Assess the Quality of University Oceanography Students' Scientific Writing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the methods and results of an assessment of students' scientific writing. The study was conducted in an introductory oceanography course in a large public university that used an interactive CD-ROM entitled, "Our Dynamic Planet." The CD provided students with geological data, which they used to build written arguments regarding plate tectonics. Twenty-four student papers from this course were analyzed for quality of written arguments by using both a grading rubric and an argumentation analysis model. Three implications were drawn from these initial studies. First, there is a clear need to help students understand how to use data representations as evidence for more theoretical arguments. Second, student writers need experiences receiving critiques of their own writing and analyzing others' scientific arguments. Third, the actual grading is dependent upon the socialization of the graders themselves (in this case, graduate students).

Takao, Allison; Prothero, William; Kelly, Gregory

2002-01-01

155

Continental Shelf processes affecting the oceanography of the South Atlantic Bight  

SciTech Connect

Progress in studies of the physical processes affecting the oceanography of the South Atlantic Bight is reported. NCSU personnel efforts have been focused on processing and analyzing existing data sets as well as planning and preparing for the Georgia Atlantic Bight Experiment (GABEX-1). Three cruises were conducted between June 1979 and February 1980 for the temperature/pressure recording instruments (June to Oct) and for the deployment of the GABEX I and other arrays. The Onslow Bay data sets extend over four years of observations from the mid- and outer-shelf region. Each mooring cruise has been coordinated with similar mooring deployments off Savannah and off Cape Romain with hydrographic cruises and with interdisciplinary cruises following Gulf Stream filaments and involving biological, chemical and physical oceanographers. The current meter data collected in the Carolina Capes is listed. Preprints and reprints are included.

Pietrafesa, L.J.

1980-04-14

156

The Dead Zone Ecology and Oceanography in the Gulf of Mexico  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interrupted case study focuses on the seasonal hypoxic area in the Gulf of Mexico known as the Dead Zone. It follows Sue, a college student, whose father is a commercial fisherman affected by the lack of fish in his usual fishing grounds in the summer.  In her quest to determine why the fish disappear, Sue learns about both the biological and physical forces that produce, maintain, and eventually dissipate the hypoxic zone. The case introduces students to the marine food web, the aquatic microbial loop, the impact of exogenous nutrients, and the physical forces that affect oxygen content and water stratification. It could be used in introductory biology or ecology courses or in an oceanography course.

Archer, Kathleen; Sahl, Lauren

2009-01-01

157

Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 5th, London, England, Sept. 3-7, 1990, Preprints  

SciTech Connect

The present conference on satellite meteorology and oceanography discusses climate and clouds, retrieval algorithms, air-sea phenomenology, oceanographic applications, SSM/I, mesoscale, synoptic, and NWP applications, and future satellites and systems. Attention is given to the properties of cirrus clouds measured by satellites and lidars, the geographical variation of the diurnal cycle of clouds from ISCCP, the susceptibility of cloud reflectance to pollution, and a global analysis of aerosol-cloud interactions. Topics addressed include precision intercomparisons between MSU channel 2 and radiosonde data over the U.S., humidity estimates from Meteosat observations, the assimilation of altimeter observations into a global wave model, and atmospheric stratification effects on scatterometer model functions. Also discussed are observations of Indian Ocean eddy variability, the deconvolution of GOES infrared data, short-range variations in total cloud cover in the tropics, and rainfall monitoring by the SSM/I in middle latitudes.

Not Available

1990-01-01

158

Geomicrobiology in oceanography: microbe-mineral interactions at and below the seafloor.  

PubMed

Oceanography is inherently interdisciplinary and, since its inception, has included the study of microbe-mineral interactions. From early studies of manganese nodules, to the discovery of hydrothermal vents, it has been recognized that microorganisms are involved at various levels in the transformation of rocks and minerals at and below the seafloor. Recent studies include mineral weathering at low temperatures and microbe-mineral interactions in the subseafloor "deep biosphere". A common characteristic of seafloor and subseafloor geomicrobiological processes that distinguishes them from terrestrial or near-surface processes is that they occur in the dark, one or more steps removed from the sunlight that fuels the near-surface biosphere on Earth. This review focuses on geomicrobiological studies and energy flow in dark, deep-ocean and subseafloor rock habitats. PMID:16054363

Edwards, Katrina J; Bach, Wolfgang; McCollom, Thomas M

2005-09-01

159

Making Data Available via the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office - Implementation Details  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) was created from the U.S. Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (U.S. JGOFS) and the U.S. GLOBal ocean ECosystems dynamics (U.S. GLOBEC) Data Management Offices. The BCO-DMO is a NSF funded project that provides support for scientists funded by either the NSF's Biological or Chemical Oceanography Program Office to facilitate making their projects' data publically accessible. To extend the domains of the U.S. JGOFS and U.S. GLOBEC programs and to enable new capabilities, the BCO-DMO formalized our metadata collection efforts and designed and created the BCO-DMO metadata database. This database, together with our new website content (http://www.bco-dmo.org) and a geospatial interface based on the University of Minnesota's MapServer software, currently provide access to information and data from nine science programs and their associated 27 projects. This poster highlights some of the details of our system's design decisions that support the data discoverability, access, display, download and interoperability features, and capabilities of the BCO-DMO data interface. Initial efforts to use existing metadata schemas were unsuccessful as they did not address our specific needs or were overly generalized and therefore more complicated than necessary. The database design has evolved over time as we have learned more about what information needs to be preserved to support multiple interfaces and to enable machine-to-machine interoperability. Our latest enhancements include database tables to store additional information about the field or variable names that further describe the experimental, at sea, and historical data in order to support our new geospatial interface. Other features will facilitate data interoperability, provide flexibility in supporting different input data formats, capture data provenance information and allow creation of metadata records that are in compliance with community adopted standards.

Allison, M. D.; Groman, R. C.; Chandler, C. L.; Glover, D. M.; Wiebe, P. H.

2008-12-01

160

Teaching Introductory Oceanography through Case Studies: Project based approach for general education students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A recent workshop sponsored by SERC-On the Cutting Edge brought together science educators from a range of schools across the country to discuss new approaches in teaching oceanography. In discussing student interest in our classes, we were struck by the fact that students are drawn to emotional or controversial topics such as whale hunting and tsunami hazard and that these kinds of topics are a great vehicle for introducing more complex concepts such as wave propagation, ocean upwelling and marine chemistry. Thus, we have developed an approach to introductory oceanography that presents students with real-world issues in the ocean sciences and requires them to explore the science behind them in order to improve overall ocean science literacy among non-majors and majors at 2 and 4 year colleges. We have designed a project-based curriculum built around topics that include, but are not limited to: tsunami hazard, whale migration, ocean fertilization, ocean territorial claims, rapid climate change, the pacific trash patch, overfishing, and ocean acidification. Each case study or project consists of three weeks of class time and is structured around three elements: 1) a media analysis; 2) the role of ocean science in addressing the issue; 3) human impact/response. Content resources range from textbook readings, popular or current print news, documentary film and television, and data available on the world wide web from a range of sources. We employ a variety of formative assessments for each case study in order to monitor student access and understanding of content and include a significant component of in-class student discussion and brainstorming guided by faculty input to develop the case study. Each study culminates in summative assessments ranging from exams to student posters to presentations, depending on the class size and environment. We envision this approach for a range of classroom environments including large group face-to-face instruction as well as hybrid and fully online courses.

Farnsworth, K. L.; House, M.; Hovan, S. A.

2013-12-01

161

Canadian Centre for Architecture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1979 by Phyllis Lambert, the Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA) is an international research center and museum founded on the conviction that "architecture is a public concern." This website is a delightful mix of commentary, digital projects, and information about events at the Centre. A good place to start is at the CCA Recommends area. Here visitors can learn about recent books, musings, and other things that have crossed over the CCA's transom as of late. Recent entries have included thoughts on new books about the Seagram Building in New York and a rather novel piece on the history of guidebooks to Montreal. The Collection area contains information about the CCA's physical holdings, along with finding aids to its digital collections. These collections number almost two dozen and they include materials that deal with Expo 67 in Montreal and the professional practice of Aldo Rossi. Users shouldn't miss the Calendar, as it may inspire a visit to Canada to see one or more upcoming lectures, exhibits, or special events. [KMG

162

Health centres assessed by patients  

PubMed Central

This study consists of a postal questionnaire sent to patients attached to four practices in a health centre during the third year of operation after various exploratory studies and a series of group discussions. The study showed that about three out of four patients preferred health centre-practice to non health-centre practice. The appointment system as a cause of dissatisfaction with the health-centre concept is discussed. The doctor-patient relationship, privacy and confidentiality, and representation of patients on health-centre management committees were studied and are discussed.

Woods, J. O.; Patten, M. P.; Pyper, H. M.

1974-01-01

163

BC Cancer Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Vancouver, the BC Cancer Research Centre (BCCRC) provides a place for scientists and researchers to "perform basic, epidemiologic, and clinical research on cancer prevention, early diagnosis of cancer, the molecular and genetic characteristics of the cancer process, and basic research related to new treatments of cancer." The BCCRC website connects visitors to information about various departments including Cancer Endocrinology, Cancer Imaging, Medical Biophysics, and Cancer Control Research -- to name a few. Site visitors can also locate BCCRC staff publications through specific researchers or by using the site search engine. Contact information for members of the large BCCRC research team is provided as well. Additionally, the site links to information about Job Posting, Training Opportunities, Donating, Partners, and more.

164

Centre for Civil Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at the London School of Economics and Political Science, the Centre for Civil Society (CCS) is a "leading international organization for research, analysis, debate and learning about civil society". Under the direction of Professor Jude Howell, the group performs a broad range of research on the general topic of civil society across the globe, and its Working Papers series is definitely worth a look. Some of the papers here include "Civil society as a metaphor for western liberalism" and "Public-private partnership in the United States: Historical patterns and current trends". Guests arriving on the site may also want to look at the section on current and recently completed projects, which include work on European social policy, social capital, and local civil society.

165

Centre for Atmospheric Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Dr. Stephen Wilson, this site illustrates the research using FTIR (Fourier Transform InfrarRed) technology by the Centre for Atmospheric Chemistry at the University of Wollongong. Chemists and students can learn how the group approaches issues of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by attempting to improve estimations of trace element exchange using high precision FTIR-based methods and micrometeorological techniques. Visitors can also discover how the Isotopes in the Atmosphere group is using high resolution FTIR spectroscopy -- which evades the limitations of mass spectrometry -- to distinguish diverse isotopic components of trace gases. With many more experiments discussed, researchers and students interested in the advances of FTIR spectroscopy will want to explore this site.

2007-06-13

166

International Development Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Development Research Centre (IDRC), a public corporation created by the Parliament of Canada, fosters social, environmental, and economic development worldwide by conducting research that produces the knowledge to solve problems. The IDRC Website is as deep as it is wide, providing access to lodes of information on development programs from its offices located in Ottawa, Singapore, Montevideo, Dakar, New Delhi, Cairo, and Johannesburg. The IDRC provides full-text publications (including several online books), research databases, project information, funding opportunities, and links to other valuable resources. The IDRC also contains a unique feature: The Resource Clock. The Clock tracks, in real-time, the increase of global population in opposition to the decrease in the amount of the world's arable land, offering a vivid reminder of humanity's impact upon the earth's ecosystems.

1998-01-01

167

Digital Curation Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Digital Curation Centre (DCC) states as its motto: "because good research needs good data." Based in the United Kingdom, the DCC provides expert advice and helps those in the UK higher education and research communities store, manage, protect, and share digital research data. As such, the site is a great resource for information specialists, particularly librarians and academics. Visitors should make sure to check out the Digital Curation area which provides a bit of background on the field, along with information for newcomers to the field. The homepage also contains a neat feature entitled Editor's Choice, which brings together reports on digital preservation, information on new books, and much more. Also, visitors can sign up for the DCC's newsletter and take a look at its tag cloud. The Resources area should also not be missed as it features how-to guides, data management plans, case studies, and white papers.

168

Chronic Poverty Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC) is an international organization made up of partnerships with universities and research organizations all working to "stimulate national and international debate; deepen understanding of the causes of chronic poverty; and provide research, analysis and policy guidance." The CPRC's website has more than 400 publications that visitors can download. There are "Working Papers Series" for India, Bangladesh and West Africa, which address everything from child laborers, spatial inequality in social progress, and technological change in food production. There are also "Policy Briefs" and "Journal Articles" visitors can download. The "Toolbox" is an excellent and unique resource for researchers, donor agencies, and students to learn how to use a mix of methodological approaches to better reflect the multi-dimensionality and complexity of poverty. Visitors will find such areas of guidance as "Designing Research," "Collecting Data," "Dissemination," and "Impact Assessment" that can aid in producing relevant and rigorous research.

169

Virtual Research Expeditions along Plate Margins: Examples from an Online Oceanography Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An undergraduate online course in oceanography is based on the participation of each student in a series of virtual, at-sea, research expeditions, two of which are used to examine the tectonic processes at plate boundaries. The objective is to leverage the results of major federal research initiatives in the ocean sciences into effective learning tools with a long lifespan for use in undergraduate geoscience courses. These web-based expeditions examine: (1) hydrothermal vents along the divergent plate boundary at the Explorer Ridge and (2) the convergent plate boundary fault along the Nankai Trough, which is the objective of the multi-year NanTroSEIZE drilling program. Here we focus on the convergent plate boundary in NanTroSEIZE 3-D, which is based on a seismic survey supported through NSF-MARGINS, IODP and CDEX in Japan to study the properties of the plate boundary fault system in the upper limit of the seismogenic zone off Japan. The virtual voyage can be used in undergraduate classes at anytime, since it is not directly tied to the finite duration of a specific seagoing project, and comes in two versions, one that is being used in geoscience major courses and the other in non-major courses, such as the oceanography course mentioned above and a lower-division global studies course with a science emphasis. NanTroSEIZE in 3-D places undergraduate learning in an experiential framework as students participate on the expedition and carry out research on the structure of the plate boundary fault. Students learn the scientific background of the program, especially the critical role of international collaboration, and meet the chief scientists before joining the 3-D seismic imaging expedition to identify the active faults that were the likely sources of devastating earthquakes and tsunamis in Japan in 1944 and 1948. The initial results of phase I ODP drilling that began in 2007 are also reviewed. Students document their research on a worksheet that accompanies the expedition, interpret a slice through the 3-D seismic volume, and compose an “AGU-style” abstract summarizing their work, which is submitted to the instructor for review. NanTroSEIZE in 3-D is openly available and can be accessed through the MARGINS Mini-lesson section of the Science Education Resource Center (SERC).

Reed, D. L.; Moore, G. F.; Bangs, N. L.; Tobin, H. J.

2010-12-01

170

Centre for Economic Performance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established by the Economic and Social Research Council in 1990, the Centre for Economic Performance CEP at the London School of Economics and Political Science is one of the most prominent and established economic research groups in Europe. By focusing on the major links between globalization, technology and institutions, the CEP studies the determinants of economic performance at the level of the company, the nation, and the global economy. Broadly, CEP's research programs are divided into five groups that include research into labor markets, technology and growth, and education and skills. From the prodigious site, visitors can read about CEP In the News, learn about the various staff members' research areas of expertise, and browse their related publications (including occasional papers, working papers, and the like) back to 1990. Overall, this site will merit more than one visit, as it will be of substantial interest to persons interested in the intersections between economics, education, and globalization, to name but a few of the topical areas covered under the remit of the CEP.

171

RTEMS CENTRE - RTEMS Improvement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last two years, EDISOFT's RTEMS CENTRE team [1], jointly with the European Space Agency and with the support of the worldwide RTEMS community [2], have been developing an activity to facilitate the qualification of the real-time operating system RTEMS (Real-Time Operating System for Multiprocessor Systems). This paper intends to give a high level visibility of the progress and the results obtained in the RTEMS Improvement [3] activity. The primary objective [4] of the project is to improve the RTEMS product, its documentation and to facilitate the qualification of RTEMS for future space missions, taking into consideration the specific operational requirements. The sections below provide a brief overview of the RTEMS operating system and the activities performed in the RTEMS Improvement project, which includes the selection of API managers to be qualified, the tailoring process, the requirements analysis, the reverse engineering and design of the RTEMS, the quality assurance process, the ISVV activities, the test campaign, the results obtained, the criticality analysis and the facilitation of qualification process.

Silva, H.; Constantino, A.; Freitas, D.; Coutinho, M.; Faustino, S.; Sousa, J.; Dias, L.; Zulianello, M.

2010-08-01

172

European Marine Observation and DataNetwork (EMODNET)- physical parameters: A support to marine science and operational oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The overall objectives of EMODNET - physical parameters is to provide access to archived and real-time data on physical conditions in Europe's seas and oceans and to determine how well the data meet the needs of users. In particular it will contribute towards the definition of an operational European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet) and contribute to developing the definition of the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) marine core service. Access to data and metadata will consider measurements from fixed stations that will cover at least: 1. wave height and period; 2. temperature of the water column; 3. wind speed and direction; 4. salinity of the water column; 5. horizontal velocity of the water column ; 6. light attenuation; 7. sea level. A first running prototype of the portal active from the end of 2011, the final release of the EMODnet PP is due by half June 2012. Then there are 6 months for testing and users' feedback acquisition and management. The project finishes 16th December 2013 after one year of maintenance. Compliance with INSPIRE framework and temporal and geographical data coverage are ensured under the requirements contained in the several Commission Regulations issued from 2008 until 2010. The metadata are based upon the ISO 19115 standard and are compliant with the INSPIRE directive and regulations. This assures also a minimum metadata content in both systems that will facilitate the setting up of a portal that can provide information on data and access to them, depending on the internal data policy of potential contributors. Data coverage: There are three pillars sustaining EMODnet PP: EuroGOOS ROOSs (the EuroGOOS regional Operational Systems), MyOcean and SeaDataNet. MyOcean and EuroGOOS have agreed in EuroGOOS general assemblies (2008-2009-2010) to share their efforts to set up a common infrastructure for real-time data integration for operational oceanography needs extending the global and regional portals set up by MyOcean to handle additional variables and observation providers. SeaDataNet is a Pan-European infrastructure for oceans and marine data management, that provides access to archived data residing in distributed information systems. EMODNet Physics held three workshops with institutions working in operational data collection in the Baltin, North Sea, East Atlantic, Mediterranean and Black Sea. They allowed to list most of the existing fixed stations in the seas of European interest. The workshops and the follow up are constructing a common collaborative framework within EuroGOOS ROOSs. Behind the ROOSs there is a wide number of institutions, scientists and technicians, whose participation to EMODnet PP will be acknowledged and made visible through the web pages, newsletters, and EuroGOOS publications. This common collaborative framework is producing an important network of data centres that can support GMES for the years to come.

Dahlin, Hans; Gies, Tobias; Giordano, Marco; Gorringe, Patrick; Manzella, Giuseppe; Maudire, Gilbert; Novellino, Antonio; Pagnani, Maureen; Petersson, Sian; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Rickards, Lesley; Schaap, Dick; Tijsse, Peter; van der Horste, Serge

2013-04-01

173

Earth Remote Sensing Center of Excellence at Scripps Institution of Oceanography  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We developed advanced communications and networking capability and satellite reception systems for Earth science to improve the ability of scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) to conduct interdisciplinary research. With matching funds from the SIO Director's office we implemented a "virtual center" utilizing modern networking hardware and software to enhance access for researchers and students to unique satellite and in situ data sets. The center provides facilities and data access to graduate students as well as research scientists at SIO, and outside SIO. Our private sector partners installed and testes and advanced X-band data acquisition system for satellite data capture relevant for Earth science research and applications. Some of the commercial applications of these partners have been developed (or are under development) with NASA SBIR resources. The X-band system collected RADARSAT, ERS-2 and MODIS imagery. Perhaps most importantly, this COE brought together - for the first time - an interdisciplinary team of SIO scientists with interests in Earth remote sensing. The collaboration extended beyond our infrastructure and research accomplishments leading to a dialog that resulted in a report with strong recommendations to the SIO community for enhancing satellite remote sensing at SIO.

Mitchell, B. Greg

2000-01-01

174

An ECOOP web portal for visualising and comparing distributed coastal oceanography model and in situ data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a large European coastal operational oceanography project (ECOOP), we have developed a web portal for the display and comparison of model and in situ marine data. The distributed model and in situ datasets are accessed via an Open Geospatial Consortium Web Map Service (WMS) and Web Feature Service (WFS) respectively. These services were developed independently and readily integrated for the purposes of the ECOOP project, illustrating the ease of interoperability resulting from adherence to international standards. The key feature of the portal is the ability to display co-plotted timeseries of the in situ and model data and the quantification of misfits between the two. By using standards-based web technology we allow the user to quickly and easily explore over twenty model data feeds and compare these with dozens of in situ data feeds without being concerned with the low level details of differing file formats or the physical location of the data. Scientific and operational benefits to this work include model validation, quality control of observations, data assimilation and decision support in near real time. In these areas it is essential to be able to bring different data streams together from often disparate locations.

Gemmell, A. L.; Barciela, R. M.; Blower, J. D.; Haines, K.; Harpham, Q.; Millard, K.; Price, M. R.; Saulter, A.

2011-07-01

175

Development of an operational fisheries oceanography system for North Pacific fishery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An operational fisheries oceanography system was established to help fishermen analyze the situations of fishery in North Pacific. The system composes of three sub-systems which are a ship-boarding satellite telemetry receiving station, a ship-boarding satellite communication system and a land-based fishery charts producing system. The system can provide some oceanic environmental charts such as sea surface temperature (SST) and relevant derived products which are the most popular use in fishery industry. The accuracy of SST is the most important and affects the performance of the operational system, which is found to be dissatisfactory. Many factors affect the accuracy of SST and it is difficult to increase the accuracy by SST retrieval algorithms and clouds detection techniques. A new technique of temperature error control is developed to detect the abnormity of satellite SST. The performance is evaluated to change the temperature bias from -3.04 to 0.05°C and the root mean square (RMS) from 5.71 to 1.75°C. It is suitable to be employed in an operational satellite-measured SST system and improves the performance of the system in fishery applications.

Mao, Zhihua; Zhu, Qiankun; Pan, Delu

2004-02-01

176

Use of ERTS-1 pictures in coastal oceanography in British Columbia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ERTS-1 color composite picture of the Vancouver-Victoria region illustrates the value of ERTS data for coastal oceanography. The water of the Fraser River plume which is so clearly visible in the center of the scene has been of interest to oceanographers on the west coast of Canada for a long time as an easily visible tracer of surface water circulation in the strait of Georgia. Maps of the plume at different states of the tide and with different river flow and weather were compiled from oblique aerial photographs in 1950 and used in the siting of sewage and other outfalls in the Vancouver area. More recently high level aerial photomosaics have been used to map the plume area, but the plume can spread over distances of 30 to 40 miles and many photographs, with the uneven illumination inherent in wide angle coverage, are needed for the mosaic. The ERTS satellite gives the first complete view of the plume area. Electronic enhancement of the images shows that the satellite's narrow angle coverage allows very weak surface turbidity features to be made visible to give information on surface currents over a wide area.

Gower, J. F. R.

1973-01-01

177

Multi-Standard Metadata Retrieval Framework at the Physical Oceanography Distributed Active Archive Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the vast amount of Earth Science data available, providing the user community with high quality metadata to facilitate information retrieval and exchange is integral to scientific research. The Physical Oceanography Distributed Active Archive Center (PO.DAAC) archives and distributes data products along with metadata pertinent to the physical state of the ocean. As one of the Earth Science data center for NASA, PO.DAAC is expected to work with multiple metadata standards. Since there is no single metadata standard that meets everyone's needs, a web-based framework has been designed and integrated as part of PO.DAAC's scalable Core Data System to enable users to quickly retrieve metadata in the format that they need. Currently, the framework supports the Open Search specification for data discovery, ISO 19115-2, Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) and Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) metadata standards, with new metadata standards still being added. In this talk we will present the architecture behind the framework that makes it possible to support various metadata standards as well as the challenges we encountered.

Chung, N. T.; Huang, T.; Armstrong, E. M.; Gangl, M. E.

2012-12-01

178

The plume of the Yukon River in relation to the oceanography of the Bering Sea  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ecosystem of the northern Bering-Sea shelf was studied using data from the NOAA Very High Resolution Radiometer and AVHRR and the Landsat MSS and Thematic Mapper (TM) in conjunction with shipboard measurements. Emphasis was placed on the influence of the Yukon River on this inner shelf environment and on the evaluation of the utility of the new Landsat TM data for oceanography. It was found that the patterns of water mass distribution obtained from satellite images agreed reasonably well with the areal patterns of temperature, salinity, and phytoplankton distributions. The AVHRR, MSS, and TM data show that the Yukon-River discharge is warmer and more turbid than the surrounding coastal water that originates to the south; thus, the Yukon water contributes to the higher temperatures and lower transmissivity of the coastal water. The high resolution of the TM thermal IR band made it possible to observe complex patterns and structures in the surface water that could not be resolved on previous data sets.

Dean, Kenneson G.; Mcroy, C. Peter; Ahlnas, Kristina; Springer, Alan

1989-01-01

179

Shell Centre for Mathematical Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Shell Centre for Mathematical Education, a centre for research and development within the School of Education at the University of Nottingham, offers WWW pages which includes a collection of information technologies used in the classroom, details of publications and research, as well as a Distractions Page "intended to contain entertaining items of varying degrees of educational value."

180

The English Teaching Information Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the function of the British Council's English Teaching Information Centre, which serves foreign students, teachers, teacher trainers, scientists, textbook writers, etc. Emphasizes the Centre's work in English for Special Purposes, including an ample library and many services. Address: ETIC, British Council, 10 Spring Gardens, London SW…

Roe, Peter

1977-01-01

181

Patient-centred care: making cancer treatment centres accountable.  

PubMed

Patient-centred care is argued to be an essential component in the delivery of quality health and cancer care. This manuscript discusses the need to generate credible data which indicates the quality of patient-centred care provided by cancer treatment centres. Patient-centred care covers six domains including physical comfort; emotional support; respect for patients' preferences and values; integration and coordination; involvement of family and friends; and the provision of information, communication and education to enable patients to understand and make informed decisions about their care. First, we identify priority areas within each domain. Next, we propose three questions that should be asked of every patient across the six domains of patient-centred care. The first question explores whether patients were specifically asked by a healthcare provider at the cancer treatment centre about their concerns, values and preferences. Research indicates that it cannot be assumed that clinicians are aware of patient's needs or preferences in these six areas. Second, if the answer from the patient suggests that they would like assistance, then it would be expected that this would be offered. Thirdly, if the patient indicates that they would like such assistance and it is provided, then it might be expected that the patient would report that the provided assistance did relieve their suffering, or the assistance provided was consistent with their preferences, needs and values. Regular measurement and reporting of these aspects of patient-centred cancer care has the potential to identify deficits and inequities in care delivery, allow for comparisons across treatment centres and stimulate an improvement in the patient-centred care provided to cancer patients. PMID:24696084

Zucca, Alison; Sanson-Fisher, Rob; Waller, Amy; Carey, Mariko

2014-07-01

182

British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) is designed to "assist UK atmospheric researchers to locate, access and interpret atmospheric data." With this aim in mind, the BADC provides one of the only permanent archives for data sets from Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)-funded projects. Also, the Centre serves as a single repository for third party data sets of value to the atmospheric research community. Among the 46 data sets included in the searchable archive, data pertaining to ozone experiments; stratosphere, mesosphere, and troposphere measurements; sea temperatures; and forecasting are all available here. The Centre is an outstanding single source for atmospheric data.

183

An Introduction to the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO- DMO)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The BCO-DMO (http://www.bco-dmo.org) was created to serve PIs funded by the NSF Biological and Chemical Oceanography Sections as a facility where marine biogeochemical and ecological data and information developed in the course of scientific research can easily be disseminated, protected, and stored on short and intermediate time-frames. The Data Management Office also strives to provide research scientists and others with the tools and systems necessary to work with marine biogeochemical and ecological data from heterogeneous sources with increased efficacy. To accomplish this, two data management offices (former- U.S. JGOFS and U.S. GLOBEC) have been united and enhanced to provide a venue for contribution of electronic data/metadata and other information for open distribution via the World Wide Web. The JGOFS/GLOBEC Client/Server distributed data management system software is used to serve data and information to every investigator, regardless of computing platform. In addition, Web services are provided for data discovery, and development has begun on a machine-to-machine application programming interface (API) to allow interoperability between Web-based data systems. The BCO-DMO will manage existing and new data sets from individual scientific investigators, collaborative groups of investigators, and data management offices of larger multi-institutional projects via any standard Web browser. The office will work with principal investigators on data quality control; maintain an inventory and program thesaurus of strictly defined field names; generate metadata (e.g. Directory Interchange Format (DIF) ) records required by Federal agencies; ensure submission of data to national data centers; support and encourage data synthesis by providing new, online, Web-based display tools; facilitate interoperability among different data portals; and facilitate regional, national, and international data and information exchange.

Chandler, C.; Glover, D.; Groman, R.; Wiebe, P.

2007-12-01

184

An investigation of a polynya in the Canadian Archipelago: 1. Introduction and oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In certain parts of the Canadian Archipelago, small localized areas of water remain ice free throughout the winter, despite the extreme temperature differences between the atmosphere and the ocean surface. One such area, close to Dundas Island, has been studied in detail, both from the point of view of the atmospheric/oceanic heat exchange over the open water and its local geographic and oceanographic context. This paper describes the oceanography of the area and local weather and tidal flow conditions. A significant feature of the oceanographic records is a strong modulation of near-surface ocean temperature at tidal frequencies involving temperature differences as great as 0.2°C within a single tidal cycle. For the most part, the surface waters are 0.1° to 0.2°C above freezing. The presence of this relatively warm surface water is thought to be due to upward mixing occasioned by fast tidal flows across the shallow sill connecting Dundas and Devon islands. Historical records of water properties in the Sverdrup Basin lying to the north of the polynya area show temperatures substantially above freezing point at depths of 50 m and below. This readily accessible body of warm water is thought to be the source of the sensible heat required for the existence of the polynya. This is supported by existing current measurements which suggest a mean southerly transport in the channels leading into and out of the region of the polynya site. A tentative application of the atmospheric heat flux measurements to the whole Dundas Island-Bailey Hamilton Island area suggests that sufficient heat may be lost to affect significantly the water column further south in Crozier Strait and Wellington Channel. The limited information available shows the more southerly waters of these passages to be relatively well mixed and cooled relative to the water of the Sverdrup Basin, just to the north of the Dundas polynya area.

Topham, D. R.; Perkin, R. G.; Smith, S. D.; Anderson, R. J.; Hartog, G. Den

1983-03-01

185

Visualizing the Bay: Bringing a Research Experience into a High Enrollment Online Oceanography Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

General education courses at many universities are required to demonstrate specific student learning outcomes and methodologies of learning assessment that can be measure the success, or lack thereof, of meeting these outcomes. A primary learning outcome of the SJSU general education program is to have students apply a scientific approach to problems of the earth and environment. This requirement can be challenging in high enrollment classes offered at universities without the resources of graduate teaching assistantships. In order to meet this outcome through an active learning environment, we have redesigned a web-based oceanography course, primarily for non-science majors, that has students assume the role of shipboard scientists on a number of ocean-going virtual research experiences. One activity has students participate on a virtual research voyage based on a multi-beam sonar study of the central San Francisco Bay described in USGS Circular 1259 by Chin et al (2004). Students carry out the duties of virtual shipboard scientists, including pre- and post-cruise scientific meetings, sonar data acquisition, processing and visualization, and interpretation of the seafloor mapping data using a combination of scientific visualizations, animations, and audio and video segments. While on the voyage, students are required to: (1) determine the navigational hazards posed by three submerged rocks near the main shipping lane in the bay, (2) assess the long-term viability of a disposal site for mud dredged from the bay, and (3) generate a sediment characteristics map of the bay floor that can be used as a basis for future studies of contaminant transport. Upon completion of the voyage students are required to write an abstract describing their research for publication in the proceedings volume of a virtual scientific conference in the form of an essay question on the mid-term exam. Based on the work of over 200 students, this question has received the highest score of four essay questions on the exam during the past two terms.

Reed, D. L.; Anglin, J.

2005-12-01

186

Development of 3D interactive visual objects using the Scripps Institution of Oceanography's Visualization Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within the last year scientists and educators at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO), the Birch Aquarium at Scripps and San Diego State University have collaborated with education specialists to develop 3D interactive graphic teaching modules for use in the classroom and in teacher workshops at the SIO Visualization center (http://siovizcenter.ucsd.edu). The unique aspect of the SIO Visualization center is that the center is designed around a 120 degree curved Panoram floor-to-ceiling screen (8'6" by 28'4") that immerses viewers in a virtual environment. The center is powered by an SGI 3400 Onyx computer that is more powerful, by an order of magnitude in both speed and memory, than typical base systems currently used for education and outreach presentations. This technology allows us to display multiple 3D data layers (e.g., seismicity, high resolution topography, seismic reflectivity, draped interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) images, etc.) simultaneously, render them in 3D stereo, and take a virtual flight through the data as dictated on the spot by the user. This system can also render snapshots, images and movies that are too big for other systems, and then export smaller size end-products to more commonly used computer systems. Since early 2002, we have explored various ways to provide informal education and outreach focusing on current research presented directly by the researchers doing the work. The Center currently provides a centerpiece for instruction on southern California seismology for K-12 students and teachers for various Scripps education endeavors. Future plans are in place to use the Visualization Center at Scripps for extended K-12 and college educational programs. In particular, we will be identifying K-12 curriculum needs, assisting with teacher education, developing assessments of our programs and products, producing web-accessible teaching modules and facilitating the development of appropriate teaching tools to be used directly by classroom teachers.

Kilb, D.; Reif, C.; Peach, C.; Keen, C. S.; Smith, B.; Mellors, R. J.

2003-12-01

187

The Tehran Book Processing Centre.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Establishment of the Tehran Book Processing Centre (Tebroc) was proposed in the Spring of 1968. This document is a descriptive and historical account of the center, and a description of its contributions to Iranian processing development. The center was m...

J. F. Harvey

1971-01-01

188

Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the Australian National University Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems provides information about photovoltaics and solar thermal energy technology. Links are provided to energy information and research sites.

Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems (CSES); University, Australian N.

189

Churchill Northern Studies Centre (CNSC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at the gateway of arctic North America, Churchill (Manitoba) is best known for its polar bear viewing opportunities, and for its rich summer bird life. It is also home to the Churchill Northern Studies Centre (CNSC), a nonprofit organization dedicated to facilitating arctic research and education. The CNSC homepage provides an overview of the Centre, with an emphasis on current research and education projects. Scientists, educators, or students interested in working in Churchill will find this Website instructive.

190

RTEMS Centre - Support and Maintenance Centre to RTEMS Operating System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RTEMS CENTRE - Support and Maintenance Centre to RTEMS Operating System is a joint ESA/Portuguese Task Force initiative to develop a support and maintenance centre to the Real-Time Executive for Multiprocessor Systems (RTEMS). This paper gives a high level visibility of the progress, the results obtained and the future work in the RTEMS CENTRE [6] and in the RTEMS Improvement [7] projects. RTEMS CENTRE started officially in November 2006, with the RTEMS 4.6.99.2 version. A full analysis of RTEMS operating system was produced. The architecture was analysed in terms of conceptual, organizational and operational concepts. The original objectives [1] of the centre were primarily to create and maintain technical expertise and competences in this RTOS, to develop a website to provide the European Space Community an entry point for obtaining support (http://rtemscentre.edisoft.pt), to design, develop, maintain and integrate some RTEMS support tools (Timeline Tool, Configuration and Management Tools), to maintain flight libraries and Board Support Packages, to develop a strong relationship with the World RTEMS Community and finally to produce some considerations in ARINC-653, DO-178B and ECSS E-40 standards. RTEMS Improvement is the continuation of the RTEMS CENTRE. Currently the RTEMS, version 4.8.0, is being facilitated for a future qualification. In this work, the validation material is being produced following the Galileo Software Standards Development Assurance Level B [5]. RTEMS is being completely tested, errors analysed, dead and deactivated code removed and tests produced to achieve 100% statement and decision coverage of source code [2]. The SW to exploit the LEON Memory Management Unit (MMU) hardware will be also added. A brief description of the expected implementations will be given.

Silva, H.; Constantino, A.; Freitas, D.; Coutinho, M.; Faustino, S.; Mota, M.; Colaço, P.; Sousa, J.; Dias, L.; Damjanovic, B.; Zulianello, M.; Rufino, J.

2009-05-01

191

The Galactic Centre pulsar population  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent discovery of a magnetar in the Galactic Centre region has allowed Spitler et al. to characterize the interstellar scattering in that direction. They find that the temporal broadening of the pulse profile of the magnetar is substantially less than that predicted by models of the electron density of that region. This raises the question of what the plausible limits for the number of potentially observable pulsars - i.e. the number of pulsars beaming towards the Earth - in the Galactic Centre are. In this Letter, using reasonable assumptions - namely (i) the luminosity function of pulsars in the Galactic Centre region is the same as that in the field, (ii) the region has had a constant pulsar formation rate, (iii) the spin and luminosity evolution of magnetars and pulsars are similar and (iv) the scattering in the direction of the Galactic Centre magnetar is representative of the entire inner parsec - we show that the potentially observable population of pulsars in the inner parsec has a conservative upper limit of ˜200 and that it is premature to conclude that the number of pulsars in this region is small. We also show that the observational results so far are consistent with this number and make predictions for future radio pulsar surveys of the Galactic Centre. L66

Chennamangalam, Jayanth; Lorimer, D. R.

2014-05-01

192

Using Geophysical Data in the Texas High School Course, Geology, Meteorology, and Oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science educators working directly with scientists to develop inquiry-based instructional materials in Earth science yield some of the best results. The TEXTEAMS (Texas Teachers Empowered for Achievement in Mathematics and Science) Leadership Training for the Texas high school science course, Geology, Meteorology and Oceanography (GMO) is one example of a successful program that provides high-quality training to master teachers using geophysical data collected by scientists at The University of Texas Institute for Geophysics (UTIG). TEXTEAMS is a certification program of professional development and leadership training sponsored by the National Science Foundation that is part of the Texas Statewide Systemic Initiative. UTIG scientists teamed with science educators at the Charles A. Dana Center for Mathematics and Science Education at UT and the Texas Education Agency to develop inquiry-based instructional materials for eight GMO modules. Our learning activities help students and teachers understand how Earth scientists interpret the natural world and test their hypotheses, and provide opportunities for the use of technology in classroom science learning; they are aligned with national and state teaching standards. Examples of TEXTEAMS GMO learning activities that use geophysical data. 1. Neotectonics: radiocarbon dates and elevation above current sea level of raised coral reefs in the New Georgia Islands are used to calculate rates of tectonic uplift and as a basis for the development of a conceptual model to explain the pattern of uplift that emerges from the data. 2. Large Igneous Provinces:geophysical logging data collected on ODP Leg 183 (Kerguelen Plateau) are analyzed to identify the transition from sediment to basement rock. 3. The Search for Black Gold: petroleum exploration requires the integration of geology, geophysics, petrophysics and geochemistry. Knowledge gained in previous GMO modules is combined with fundamental knowledge about economics to construct a petroleum prospect for a small oil and gas company. TEXTEAMS GMO Leadership Training uses mentoring of teachers by fellow teachers to implement effective teaching strategies and rigorous science curricula. More than 75 GMO teachers participated in the institutes and they in turn have trained about 2,250 other teachers. The number of students reached is about 67,500. The success of the GMO institutes have led to new partnerships between scientists and educators, and allowed UTIG to secure additional funds to promote K-12 Earth science education in Texas. They can serve as a template for other programs that are relevant to local communities and which utilize geophysical data and science.

Ellins, K.; Olson, H.; Pulliam, J.; Schott, M. J.

2002-12-01

193

Transition of R&D into Operations at Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Navy's Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (FNMOC) plays a significant role in the National capability for operational weather and ocean prediction through its operation of sophisticated global and regional meteorological and oceanographic models, extending from the top of the atmosphere to the bottom of the ocean. FNMOC uniquely satisfies the military's requirement for a global operational weather prediction capability based on software certified to DoD Information Assurance standards and operated in a secure classified computer environment protected from outside intrusion by DoD certified firewalls. FNMOC operates around-the-clock, 365 days per year and distributes products to military and civilian users around the world, both ashore and afloat, through a variety of means. FNMOC's customers include all branches of the Department of Defense, other government organizations such as the National Weather Service, private companies, a number of colleges and universities, and the general public. FNMOC employs three primary models, the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS), the Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS), and the WaveWatch III model (WW3), along with a number of specialized models and related applications. NOGAPS is a global weather model, driving nearly all other FNMOC models and applications in some fashion. COAMPS is a high- resolution regional model that has proved to be particularly valuable for forecasting weather and ocean conditions in highly complex coastal areas. WW3 is a state-of-the-art ocean wave model that is employed both globally and regionally in support of a wide variety of naval operations. Other models support and supplement the main models with predictions of ocean thermal structure, ocean currents, sea-ice characteristics, and other data. Fleet Numerical operates at the leading edge of science and technology, and benefits greatly from collocation with its supporting R&D activity, the Marine Meteorology Division of the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL Code 7500). NRL Code 7500 is a world-class research organization, with focus on weather-related support for the warfighter. Fleet Numerical and NRL Code 7500 share space, data, software and computer systems, and together represent one of the largest concentrations of weather-related intellectual capital in the nation. As documented, for example, by the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (BASC) of the National Research Council, investment in R&D is crucial for maintaining state-of-the-art operational Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) capabilities (see BASC, 1998). And collocation and close cooperation between research and operations, such as exists between NRL Code 7500 and Fleet Numerical, is the optimum arrangement for transitioning R&D quickly and cost-effectively into new and improved operational weather prediction capabilities.

Clancy, R. M.

2006-12-01

194

Merging observations with numerical models in oceanography: some approaches and experiences gained within ECCO (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problem of extracting information of the state of the polar ice sheets and their evolution through time from sparse observations and with poorly known surface and basal boundary conditions is not unlike the one faced by oceanographers who seek to estimate the global time-varying ocean circulation. Through concerted sea-going campaigns during the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), and through the advent of satellite remote sensing dedicated to oceanography the oceanographic community had for the first time nearly global, time-continuous, but diverse, data sets as well as rapidly improving general circulation models (GCMs). Observations remain mostly limited to the near-surface though, cannot be readily compared with each other (altimetry and gravity, for example, measure very different properties and scales), and a quantitative link to the very limited set of in-situ observations, particularly at depth, is difficult. The need to fully exploit the data and models for the purpose of describing and understanding the global ocean circulation and its variability led the establishment of the consortium Estimating the Ocean Circulation and Climate (ECCO). ECCO has sought three-dimensional time-evolving oceanographic estimates which were fully consistent with the available observations, and with the particular GCM being used (primarily the MITgcm), in turn subject to central conservation principles (volume, energy, fresh water, etc.) and, to the degree the GCM was dynamically consistent, with time evolution not subject to artificial jumps or the injection of unphysical sources and sinks e.g. of heat. The science goals of ECCO include the understanding and explanation of the transfers of enthalpy and fresh water to and from the atmosphere and sea ice fields, and so consistency with basic conservation laws is essential. An estimation method which fulfills this requirement, pursued initially by the MIT/SIO and recently by the MIT/AER groups is the adjoint or Lagrange Multiplier method (LMM). The glaciological community has gained familiarity with this approach through the introdcution of control methods by MacAyeal (1992) in the context of inferring ice stream basal boundary conditions from observations. This presentation provides an overview of some of the challenges faced within ECCO, including the development of the required adjoint model of the MITgcm, the choice of control variables, the the role of prior uncertainties, the diverse mix of observations. As ECCO moves from a purely oceanographic to a coupled effort, initially including the sea-ice state, efforts will also be required to improve the connection between the ocean's interior and the margins, in particular in the vicinity of the marine ice shelves.

Heimbach, P.

2009-12-01

195

National Centre for Social Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Social Research is widely considered to be Britain's premier research group specializing in social surveys and qualitative research for the development and evaluation of public policy. Much of the centre's work is done on the behalf of various public organizations, such as research councils, charitable trusts, and foundations. At the homepage, visitors can read about the centre's various research units (such as the Survey Methods Centre), its respective methodologies and approaches, and recent work that has been conducted. One strong highlight of the site is the inclusion of a number of reports, organized thematically into such areas as leisure, housing, political attitudes, social security, and health. The papers truly run the gamut of social science research, including works titled Attitudes Towards Discrimination in Scotland, Low-Income Families and Household Spending, and Methodological Review of the Survey of English Housing (2003).

2007-03-21

196

The Architecture Centre: Teaching Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Bristol, the mission of the Architecture Centre is "to foster a greater understanding and enjoyment of architecture and to promote the value of a better built environment." The Centre's outreach work includes exhibitions, events, lectures and critical debate, work with artists, and visits to inspiring buildings. In the Teaching Resources area of the site, visitors can learn about the Green Day initiative (which works to make schools sustainable) and the Engaging Places resource. This last resource is a fine way for educators, especially those in Great Britain, to use curriculum modules and classroom activities to learn the built environment, including parks and public centers.

2012-10-12

197

The social oceanography of top oceanic predators and the decline of sharks: A call for a new field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The decline of top oceanic predators (TOPs), such as great sharks, and worldwide erosion of the marine food web is among the most important functional changes in marine systems. Yet, even though human pressures on sharks are one of the most important factors in the collapse of TOPs, the social science of shark fishing has not kept pace with the biophysical science. Such a gap highlights the need for a marine social science, and this paper uses the case of sharks to illustrate some advances that a coherent marine social science community could bring to science and sustainability, and calls for the development of this new field. Social oceanography is proposed as a “discursive space” that will allow multiple social science and humanities disciplines to holistically study and bring insight to a diverse but essential community. Such a community will not provide answers for the physical sciences, but it will add a new understanding of the contingencies that riddle social behavior that ultimately interact with marine systems. Such a field should reflect the broad and diverse approaches, epistemologies, philosophies of science and foci that are in the human disciplines themselves. Social oceanography would complete the triumvirate of biological and physical oceanography where human systems profoundly impact these other areas. This paper tests the theory that institutional rules are contingent on social priorities and paradigms. I used content analysis of all available (1995-2006) State of the World Fisheries and Aquaculture (SOFIA) reports from the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) to measure the symbolic behavior-i.e., what they say-as an indication of the value of sharks in world fisheries. Similar tests were also performed for marine journals and the Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals to corroborate these findings. Then, I present an institutional analysis of all international capacity building and regulatory institutions as they pertain to sharks. We find that sharks are not a high priority compared to other fisheries; and, amongst issue areas, ecological concerns are overshadowed by a paradigm of economism (economic values are demonstrated above all others). Further, sharks have no global binding institutions for conservation, and only new and problematic rules at regional levels. Consequently, human pressures on sharks are partially explained through social marginalization that legitimizes permissive international rules that: (1) have limited scope of authority, (2) provide little-to-no active management of sharks, (3) have important enforcement problems, and (4) are generally not reinforced with National Plans of Action demonstrating a lack of commitment at both national and international scales. Thus, active management of shark populations is nearly non-existent meanwhile pressures on sharks, such as through finning, have increased in the last 20 years and there is strong evidence that many shark species are in decline and may not be able to recover. This paper concludes by arguing that biological oceanography of sharks is fundamentally linked to human dimensions, and, therefore, theories and systematic study of human dimensions in oceanography are crucial to provide more comprehensive understanding of complete social-marine systems.

Jacques, Peter J.

2010-07-01

198

Questioning Centre-Periphery Platforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How much is hegemony and how much is self-determination in the higher education systems in Southeast Asia? This paper argues that while the question of centre and periphery is still relevant to the analysis of international university systems, the analytical frameworks from which it has arisen may lose viability in the long term. Southeast Asian…

Postiglione, Gerard A.

2005-01-01

199

The Tehran Book Processing Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Establishment of the Tehran Book Processing Centre (Tebroc) was proposed in the Spring of 1968. This document is a descriptive and historical account of the center, and a description of its contributions to Iranian processing development. The center was modeled, to a certain extent, after Bro-Dart's Alanar in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Tebroc was…

Harvey, John F.

200

An Assessment of Student Learning in an Online Oceanography Course: Five Years After Implementation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The results of assessing student learning in an online oceanography class offered over the past five years are compiled to reveal several general trends. In order to understand the context of these trends, it is important to first note that SJSU has a two-tiered general education program consisting of a category of core courses for frosh and sophomores and an advanced category for juniors and seniors, most of whom are community college transfers. The course described in this study is in the latter category and therefore composed largely of seniors. Enrollments in the course have exploded from 6 students in a pilot section offered during the 1998 fall semester to over 170 students in the summer semester of 2002. The course is now offered in both semesters of the academic year with four sections offered during 2002 summer session as part of a system-wide conversion to year-round operation. No other course, be it classroom, hybrid or online, in the general education category has experienced the level of student demand as this online course. All sections of the online course reach enrollment limits in the first days of registration with an equal or greater number of students turned away each semester. More female, students of color, returning students and K-12 in-service teachers enroll in the online sections than in the equivalent classroom sections of the course. Students enroll in the online section for the convenience of self-paced learning since attending a classroom section is not a viable option. Enrollments in concurrent classroom sections have not been negatively impacted by the addition of online sections. Enrollment attrition is higher in the first few days of the online course, but similar to that experienced in the classroom sections, once the class is underway. However, student requests for incompletes tend to be somewhat higher in the online course, especially during the summer offerings. Learning outcomes are reviewed at the beginning of the course and subsequent assessment on achieving each outcome is embedded in the graded assignments, which include a critical thinking essay on declining marine fisheries, one mid-term exam that emphasizes the application of basic math and the methods of scientific discovery in the context of ocean research; poster presentations in a symposium-style format, a course portfolio of web-based work, weekly discussions on an electronic bulletin board and a take-home final consisting of an original research grant proposal. The diverse nature of the graded assignments assures a comprehensive assessment of student learning from a number of perspectives, such as quantitative, qualitative, and analytical. Student learning compares favorably with classroom sections of the course, even though some students lack the discipline for self-paced learning. The distribution of the course grades in the online section typically differs from classroom sections by having higher percentages of both high and low performing students and fewer students clustered about the mean. Students strongly affirm that communication with the instructor in the online course is far greater, and of higher quality, than in classroom sections.

Reed, D. L.

2002-12-01

201

RTEMS CENTRE- Support and Maintenance CENTRE to RTEMS Operating System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

RTEMS stands for Real-Time Operating System for Multiprocessor Systems. It is a full featured Real Time Operating System that supports a variety of open APIs and interface standards. It provides a high performance environment for embedded applications, including a fixed-priority preemptive/non-preemptive scheduler, a comprehensive set of multitasking operations and a large range of supported architectures. Support and maintenance CENTRE to RTEMS operating system (RTEMS CENTRE) is a joint initiative of ESA-Portugal Task force, aiming to build a strong technical competence in the space flight (on- board) software, to offer support, maintenance and improvements to RTEMS. This paper provides a high level description of the current and future activities of the RTEMS CENTRE. It presents a brief description of the RTEMS operating system, a description of the tools developed and distributed to the community [1] and the improvements to be made to the operating system, including facilitation for the qualification of RTEMS (4.8.0) [2] for the space missions.

Silva, H.; Constantino, A.; Coutunho, M.; Freitas, D.; Faustino, S.; Mota, M.; Colaço, P.; Zulianello, M.

2008-08-01

202

Family-centred care delivery  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To determine whether models of primary care service delivery differ in their provision of family-centred care (FCC) and to identify practice characteristics associated with FCC. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Primary care practices in Ontario (ie, 35 salaried community health centres, 35 fee-for-service practices, 32 capitation-based health service organizations, and 35 blended remuneration family health networks) that belong to 4 models of primary care service delivery. Participants A total of 137 practices, 363 providers, and 5144 patients. Main outcome measures Measures of FCC in patient and provider surveys were based on the Primary Care Assessment Tool. Statistical analyses were conducted using linear mixed regression models and generalized estimating equations. Results Patient-reported FCC scores were high and did not vary significantly by primary care model. Larger panel size in a practice was associated with lower odds of patients reporting FCC. Provider-reported FCC scores were significantly higher in community health centres than in family health networks (P = .035). A larger number of nurse practitioners and clinical services on-site were both associated with higher FCC scores, while scores decreased as the number of family physicians in a practice increased and if practices were more rural. Conclusion Based on provider and patient reports, primary care reform strategies that encourage larger practices and more patients per family physician might compromise the provision of FCC, while strategies that encourage multidisciplinary practices and a range of services might increase FCC.

Mayo-Bruinsma, Liesha; Hogg, William; Taljaard, Monica; Dahrouge, Simone

2013-01-01

203

An Overview of Education Outreach From the Graduate School of Oceanography at the University of Rhode Island  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Office of Marine Programs (OMP) at the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) is a national leader in ocean science education and outreach. Current and planned efforts target grades K-16 and a variety of public audiences. Funding from a host of federal agencies, foundations, and industry has allowed OMP to serve as a bridge between its audiences and GSO scientists and graduate students for over 25 years. From museum exhibits to scientist /educator partnerships and interactive educational Internet sites, OMP projects cover a wide range of activities. Successes and lessons learned will be discussed, in particular with regard to engaging the scientific community in education and outreach. Implications for the impact on science education will be highlighted.

Scowcroft, G. A.

2003-12-01

204

Centre for Science and Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is a public-interest research and advocacy organization based in New Delhi, India. CSE promotes environmentally sound and equitable development strategies, with an emphasis on Indian environmental issues. The CSE web site includes pages on CSE initiatives: education and training programs, pollution monitoring, research and advocacy, and dissemination of information on a variety of issues, including air and water pollution, automobiles, diesel-powered vehicles and equipment, industry and mining, rainwater harvesting, conservation, and many others.

2005-01-16

205

Canada Centre for Remote Sensing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canada Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS) is responsible for the provision of a national service for the reception, processing, archiving and dissemination of remotely sensed data for Canada. Major features of the their homepage include a history of CCRS, a publications database, and a section of news articles and announcments. Additional links are provided to a glossary of terms and to an extensive set of outreach and educational materials for K-12 and higher levels. Sections on optical and radar imaging systems feature overviews of platforms and instruments, as well as imagery.

206

European Centre for Minority Issues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) has been in existence since 1996, its history dates back to 1991 when Kurt Hamer (a representative for issues related to various Danish and German minority groups) circulated a memorandum calling for the possibility of a joint venture between Germany and Denmark that would investigate various issues affecting minorities throughout Europe. As their mission statement notes, "The ECMI conducts practice-oriented research, provides information and documentation, and offers advisory services concerning minority-majority relations in Europe." Along with this particular facet of their operations, the ECMI is also interested in the "early monitoring, study and resolution of ethnic tension and potential conflicts in all regions of Europe." On the website, visitors can learn about upcoming events and conferences sponsored by the Centre, read about its current and proposed projects, and learn about its wide-ranging publication series. While many of the handbooks and monographs are not available as free downloads, many of the reports and working papers presented here are available for free in the pdf format. Some of the more recent working papers include investigations into educational reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina and international involvement in the South Caucasus.

207

Topex/Poseidon: A United States/France mission. Oceanography from space: The oceans and climate  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The TOPEX/POSEIDON space mission, sponsored by NASA and France's space agency, the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), will give new observations of the Earth from space to gain a quantitative understanding of the role of ocean currents in climate change. Rising atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other 'greenhouse gases' produced as a result of human activities could generate a global warming, followed by an associated rise in sea level. The satellite will use radar altimetry to measure sea-surface height and will be tracked by three independent systems to yield accurate topographic maps over the dimensions of entire ocean basins. The satellite data, together with the Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (TOGA) program and the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) measurements, will be analyzed by an international scientific team. By merging the satellite observations with TOGA and WOCE findings, the scientists will establish the extensive data base needed for the quantitative description and computer modeling of ocean circulation. The ocean models will eventually be coupled with atmospheric models to lay the foundation for predictions of global climate change.

1992-01-01

208

ReliefWeb Map Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As a project of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, ReliefWeb has a mandate to strengthen the response capacity of the humanitarian relief community through the timely dissemination of reliable information on response, preparedness, and disaster prevention. The Map Centre page of the Web site contains links to a wealth of informative maps that carry on the organizations mandate by providing humanitarian content in cartographic form. Some of the maps available include Iraq food storage sites, Argentina flood location map, an overview of Liberian conflict, landslides in Papua New Guinea, and many more. The maps can be browsed by geographic location and subject, or searched by various parameters, making it an easy-to-use and helpful resource for anyone seeking informative maps that can be freely downloaded.

209

World Agricultural Information Centre Portal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Disseminating information about any subject to a broad range of constituents and concerned parties and organizations can be a formidable task, no matter what the medium might be. This website is designed to achieve just that goal for agriculture, and it has a mandate from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. The World Agricultural Information Centre (WAICENT) is designed to provide a framework for disseminating agricultural information. In many ways functions as a portal, collecting links to relevant websites and documents through a series of topical and subtopical headings. Given the sheer amount of material here, visitors will take comfort to learn that the siteâÂÂs homepage features a âÂÂHighlightsâ section that draws their attention to new additions, such as the FAO Tsunami Portal. Additionally, visitors can take advantage of a sophisticated search engine offered here, or just browse around through such topics as agroindustry and forest management.

210

West Hackberry Strategic Petroleum Reserve site brine-disposal monitoring, Year I report. Volume IV. Bibliography and supporting data for physical oceanography. Final report. [421 references  

SciTech Connect

This project centers around the Strategic Petroleum Site (SPR) known as the West Hackberry salt dome which is located in southwestern Louisiana and which is designed to store 241 million barrels of crude oil. Oil storage caverns are formed by injecting water into salt deposits, and pumping out the resulting brine. Studies described in this report were designed as follow-on studies to three months of pre-discharge characterization work, and include data collected during the first year of brine leaching operations. The objectives were to: (1) characterize the environment in terms of physical, chemical and biological attributes; (2) determine if significant adverse changes in ecosystem productivity and stability of the biological community are occurring as a result of brine discharge; and (3) determine the magnitude of any change observed. Volume IV contains the following: bibliography; appendices for supporting data for physical oceanography, and summary of the physical oceanography along the western Louisiana coast.

DeRouen, L.R.; Hann, R.W.; Casserly, D.M.; Giammona, C.; Lascara, V.J. (eds.) [eds.

1983-02-01

211

Constraints on Miocene oceanography and climate in the Western and Central Paratethys: O-, Sr, and Nd-isotope compositions of marine fish and mammal remains  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Paratethys evolved as a marginal sea during the Alpine–Himalayan orogeny in the Oligo-Miocene. Sediments from the northern Alpine Molasse Basin, the Vienna, and the Pannonian Basins located in the western and central part of the Paratethys thus provide unique information on regional changes in climate and oceanography during a period of active Alpine uplift. Oxygen isotope compositions of well-preserved

László Kocsis; Torsten W. Vennemann; Ernst Hegner; Denis Fontignie; Thomas Tütken

2009-01-01

212

Characteristics of low-carbon data centres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data centre services hold promise for reducing societal carbon emissions, but an imperfect and evolving portfolio of performance metrics obscures which data centre characteristics correspond to low-carbon operations. Meanwhile, policymakers face a pressing question: can we identify and promote tangible characteristics that reliably represent low-carbon data centres today while the world awaits better metrics? Fortunately, data centre energy models can provide actionable guidance. Here, we present results that identify such characteristics and illuminate the factors that govern a data centre's actual carbon performance. These results can help public and private sector policymakers accelerate the transition to a low-carbon Internet by aligning data centre incentives with factors that truly matter.

Masanet, Eric; Shehabi, Arman; Koomey, Jonathan

2013-07-01

213

Distribution and Support of Aquarius/SAC-D Data through the Physical Oceanography Distributed Active Archive Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Physical Oceanography Distributed Active Center (PO.DAAC) serves as the designated NASA repository and distribution node for all Aquarius/SAC-D data products in close collaboration with the project. Here we report on the status of Aquarius data holdings at PO.DAAC, observed patterns of usage of these datasets, and the range of data services and access tools that we provide in support of this mission. These currently include dataset discovery and access via the PO.DAAC web-portal, an interactive L3-browser tool for online visualization, and user services that span help-desk support, Aquarius user guide documentation, and reader software development. In anticipation of the release of the Aquarius science quality dataset by the end of 2012 and as the project transitions out of the current calibration/evaluation phase, additional PO.DAAC tools and services that will be leveraged for Aquarius are described. These range from OPeNDAP and THREDDS data access services, web-based visualization via PO.DAAC's SOTO tool and LAS, to our advanced L2 subsetting tool called HITIDE.

Tsontos, V. M.; Vazquez, J.

2012-12-01

214

An ECOOP web portal for visualising and comparing distributed coastal oceanography model and in-situ data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a large European coastal operational oceanography project (ECOOP), we have developed a web portal for the display and comparison of model and in-situ marine data. The distributed model and in-situ datasets are accessed via an Open Geospatial Consortium Web Map Service (WMS) and Web Feature Service (WFS) respectively. These services were developed independently and readily integrated for the purposes of the ECOOP project, illustrating the ease of interoperability resulting from adherence to international standards. The key feature of the portal is the ability to display co-plotted timeseries of the in-situ and model data and the quantification of misfits between the two. By using standards-based web technology we allow the user to quickly and easily explore over twenty model data feeds and compare these with dozens of in-situ data feeds without being concerned with the low level details of differing file formats or the physical location of the data. Scientific and operational benefits to this work include model validation, quality control of observations, data assimilation and decision support in near real time. In these areas it is essential to be able to bring different data streams together from often disparate locations.

Gemmell, A. L.; Barciela, R. M.; Blower, J. D.; Haines, K.; Harpham, Q.; Millard, K.; Price, M. R.; Saulter, A.

2011-01-01

215

Operational evaluation of the Mediterranean Monitoring and Forecasting Centre products: implementation and results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A web-based validation platform has been developed at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) for the Near Real Time validation of the MyOcean-Mediterranean Monitoring and Forecasting Centre products (Med-MFC). A network for the collection of the in-situ observations, the nested sub-basin forecasting systems model data (provided by the partners of the Mediterranean Operational Oceanography Network, MOON) and the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) satellite data has been developed and is updated every day with the new available data. The network collects temperature, salinity, currents and sea level data. The validation of the biogeochemical forecast products is done by use of ocean colour satellite data produced for the Mediterranean Sea. All the data are organized in an ad hoc database interfaced with a dedicated software which allows interactive visualizations and statistics (CalVal SW). This tool allows to evaluate NRT products by comparison with independent observations for the first time. The heterogeneous distribution and the scarcity of moored observations reflect with large areas uncovered with measurements. Nevertheless, the evaluation of the forecast at the locations of observations could be very useful to discover sub-regions where the model performances can be improved, thus yielding an important complement to the basin-mean statistics regularly calculated for the Mediterranean MFC products using semi-independent observations.

Tonani, M.; Nilsson, J. A. U.; Lyubartsev, V.; Grandi, A.; Aydogdu, A.; Azzopardi, J.; Bolzon, G.; Bruschi, A.; Drago, A.; Garau, T.; Gatti, J.; Gertman, I.; Goldman, R.; Hayes, D.; Korres, G.; Lorente, P.; Malacic, V.; Mantziafou, A.; Nardone, G.; Olita, A.; Ozsoy, E.; Pairaud, I.; Pensieri, S.; Perivoliotis, L.; Petelin, B.; Ravaioli, M.; Renault, L.; Sofianos, S.; Sotillo, M. G.; Teruzzi, A.; Zodiatis, G.

2012-04-01

216

Centre for Economic Policy Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The London-based Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) is a European economics research organization with uniquely wide-ranging scope and activities including development of initiatives with the producers, consumers, and sponsors of research. The CEPR Website offers a searchable database of its publications (discussion papers, policy papers, reports and books, the CEPR Bulletin, and newsletter), information on its various research projects, data links (industrial, international trade, macroeconomics, labor, public policy), links to other European financial research organizations, and more. The text of the Bulletin and newsletter may be downloaded for free, while the other papers can be downloaded or ordered via subscription. The Hot Topics page covers issues related to the IMF, WTO, and EMU, economic growth and fluctuations in the European Union, regulation of network industries in Europe, etc. Meeting announcements, contact information for researchers, and a press page are also featured. Researchers and librarians, in particular, might wish to register a profile (free) allowing for online meeting registration, custom start pages, and email subscriptions. This site is worth a look by anyone interested in international economic policy.

217

Promotion in Call Centres: Opportunities and Determinants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the quality of jobs in call centres by focusing on the opportunities for promotion in this sector. More specifically, the research questions focus on discovering whether promotion is common practise in the call centre sector and on identifying the factors that affect this.…

Gorjup, Maria Tatiana; Valverde, Mireia; Ryan, Gerard

2008-01-01

218

The European standards of Haemophilia Centres  

PubMed Central

Introduction The European haemophilia community of professionals and patients has agreed on the principles of haemophilia care to address comprehensive optimal delivery of care which is nowadays scattered throughout Europe. Many of the health facilities call themselves Haemophilia Centres despite their variation in size, expertise and services provided. Only a small number of countries have Haemophilia Centre accreditation systems in place. Methods In the framework of the European Haemophilia Network project, following an inclusive process of stakeholder involvement, the European Guidelines for the certification of haemophilia centres have been developed in order to set quality standards for European Haemophilia Centres and criteria for their certification. Results The Guidelines define the standards and criteria for the designation of two levels of care delivery: European Haemophilia Treatment Centres, providing local routine care, and European Haemophilia Comprehensive Care Centres, providing specialised and multi-disciplinary care and functioning as tertiary referral centres. Additionally, they define standards about general requirements, patient care, provision of an advisory service and establishment of network of clinical and specialised services. Conclusions The implementation of the European Guidelines for the certification of Haemophilia Centres will contribute to the reduction of health inequalities through the standardisation of quality of care in European Union Member States and could represent a model to be taken into consideration for other rare disease groups.

Giangrande, Paul; Calizzani, Gabriele; Menichini, Ivana; Candura, Fabio; Mannucci, Pier Mannuccio; Makris, Michael

2014-01-01

219

The glenohumeral joint rotation centre in vivo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the framework of the current call for standardization in upper extremity research, three methods to determine the glenohumeral joint rotation centre in vivo were tested. Therefore, subjects performed humeral movements, while a 3D electromagnetic tracking device registered the motion of the humerus with respect to the scapula. For the first method to estimate the glenohumeral joint rotation centre five

M. Stokdijk; J. Nagels; P. M. Rozing

2000-01-01

220

Transformation at a community mental health centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The community mental health centre affords an opportunity for psychodynamic practice that is both challenging and rewarding. The experience of psychoanalytic education and supervision at a suburban mental health centre is described in terms of its transformative effect on the participants and the clinical setting. A parallel clinical transformative process is illustrated through an extended vignette of one client's experience

David Kealy

2011-01-01

221

New Zealand Earthquake Forecast Testing Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The New Zealand Earthquake Forecast Testing Centre is being established as one of several similar regional testing centres under the umbrella of the Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake Predictability (CSEP). The Centre aims to encourage the development of testable models of time-varying earthquake occurrence in the New Zealand region, and to conduct verifiable prospective tests of their performance over a period of five or more years. The test region, data-collection region and requirements for testing are described herein. Models must specify in advance the expected number of earthquakes with epicentral depths h ? 40 km in bins of time, magnitude and location within the test region. Short-term models will be tested using 24-h time bins at magnitude M ? 4. Intermediate-term models and long-term models will be tested at M ? 5 using 3-month, 6-month and 5-year bins, respectively. The tests applied will be the same as at other CSEP testing centres: the so-called N test of the total number of earthquakes expected over the test period; the L test of the likelihood of the earthquake catalogue under the model; and the R test of the ratio of the likelihoods under alternative models. Four long-term, three intermediate-term and two short-term models have been installed to date in the testing centre, with tests of these models commencing on the New Zealand earthquake catalogue from the beginning of 2008. Submission of models is open to researchers worldwide. New models can be submitted at any time. The New Zealand testing centre makes extensive use of software produced by the CSEP testing centre in California. It is envisaged that, in time, the scope of the testing centre will be expanded to include new testing methods and differently-specified models, nonetheless that the New Zealand testing centre will develop in parallel with other regional testing centres through the CSEP international collaborative process.

Gerstenberger, Matthew C.; Rhoades, David A.

2010-08-01

222

Tracking cold bottom water in the Gargano Peninsula and Bari Canyon regions of the Adriatic using seismic oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tracking cold, dense bottom water from conventional ship sampling is difficult - equipment safety concerns result in incomplete sampling near the seafloor, and lateral variability can be significant. Mooring time series are poor at mapping dense water vein spatial extents and can even completely miss sampling narrow veins. The relatively new technique of seismic oceanography (SO) could potentially provide a new way of identifying and characterizing these bottom waters that is not as subject to the constraints and difficulties of present methods. Furthermore, combining SO with conventional sampling is particularly appealing for better characterization of the quick and small scales of dense water cascades and bottom trapped phenomenon.. There is a relationship between oceanic temperatures and the seismic data such that seismic images can be made to represent a quantitative measure of vertical temperature gradient through much of the water column and even very near the seafloor. The SO technique involves towing a low frequency, broadband (20-250 Hz) sound source (such as an air gun array) and a long, 600-1200 m, array of hydrophones. SO uses much lower frequencies than conventional Acoustical Oceanography (AO) techniques, and is affected by the acoustic impedance (product of sound speed and density) directly, not via proxy such as impurities or biota in the water. The sound pulses reflect off the (mostly temperature) contrasts in the water, and are recorded on the hydrophone array, creating an image of temperature gradient. Because the reflection coefficients are small, signal-enhancing techniques such as synthetic aperture (common midpoint binning) processing is required. The images generated using SO allow for the tracking of very thin (less than 10 m thick) bottom currents provided that the temperature contrast between the bottom, and overlying water is strong enough (0.3 to 1.2 degrees C, depending on acoustic noise levels) and abrupt enough (10-15 meters). The lateral resolution of the SO technique is similar to the vertical resolution - therefore adequate to detect changes over as little as 5-10 meters. The images are not an instantaneous snap-shot, but occur over a finite time. Each column of image pixels is a combination of sound pulses that occur over 2-4 minutes, depending on source fire rate and ship speed. In March of 2009 an international SO field effort (AdriaSeismic09) took place the Gargano Peninsula, and Bari Canyon areas of the southern Adriatic Sea. On several seismic profiles through these areas a layer of cold bottom water, between 7 and 10 m thick is clearly imaged. Temperatures in the overlying water typically ranged from 12.5 to 13.5 degrees C, and those of the bottom water typically ranged from 12.0 to 12.5 degrees C. Some of these thin bottom water masses were observed in shallow, coastal waters about 100 m deep and some were as deep as 350m. Undulations with later wavelength of 500m and shorter, and amplitudes of several meters are clearly visible in the upper surfaces of the cold water masses.

Wood, Warren; Book, Jeffrey; Carniel, Sandro; Lindwall, Dennis; Bortoluzzi, Giovanni; Hobbs, Richard

2010-05-01

223

Effectiveness of Complex Frequency Shifted Perfectly Matched Layers formulation for acoustic wave propagation in the context of seismic oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent research has shown that multichannel seismic data provide images not only from Solid Earth but also from the oceanic interior. The water reflectivity is produced by faint impedance contrasts between neighbouring water masses showing slightly different temperature and salinity. The horizontal resolution of the seismic profiles is two orders of magnitude better than more usual hydrographic sections based on repeated CTD casts, arousing growing interest for seismic oceanography within the oceanographic community. One of the current research lines is developing tools to extract information of oceanographic interest other than the location of the seismic reflectors, such as sound speed, temperature or salinity, from the seismic data. A potential candidate technique is full waveform inversion. Because reflectivity of water masses can be as low as 10-4, the direct modelling of wave propagation to be incorporated in full waveform inversion schemes requires the total control of the boundary reflections. In this work we show that Complex Frequency Shifted Perfectly Matched Layer (CFS-PML) offers a better alternative to classical Perfectly Matched Layer formulation to fulfill these requirements, and has logically been extended to acoustic equations. A Second-order CFS-PML formulation for acoustic wave equation is presented, such that the boundary reflection may be set to be less than a 10-5 of the incident wave. Additionally, we show that our CFS-PML, combined with a sixth-order spatial discretization of the Laplacian operator, allows to precisely model the extremely weak wavefield scattered by the oceanic finestructure. The effectiveness of the scheme described above is demonstrated by comparison of a modeled and real data. For this purpose we will use an inverted sound speed map derived from a combination of seismic and hydrographic data as entry for our modeling, and then compare the final result with data acquired along a real seismic section. We conclude by demonstrating that our algorithm is easily extendable to 3 dimensional environments.

Kormann, Jean; Sallares, Valenti; Biescas, Berta; Cobo, Pedro

2010-05-01

224

Towards Human-Centred Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of HCI has evolved and expanded dramatically since its origin in the early 1980’s. The HCI community embraces a large community of researchers and practitioners around the world, from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds in the human and social sciences, engineering and informatics, and more recently, the arts and design disciplines. This kaleidoscope of cultures and disciplines as seen at INTERACT Conferences provides a rich pool of resources for examining our field. Applications are increasingly exploring our full range of sensory modalities, and merging the digital and physical worlds. WiFi has opened up a huge design space for mobile applications. A focus on usability of products and services has been complemented by an emphasis on engagement, enjoyment and experience. With the advent of ubiquitous computing, and the emergence of “The Internet of Things”, new kinds of more open infrastructures make possible radically new kinds of applications. The sources of innovation have also broadened, to include human and social actors outside of the computing and design organizations. The question is to what extent is our mainstream thinking in the HCI field ready for the challenges of this Brave New World? Do the technological and social innovations that we see emerging require us to re-shape, or even, re-create, our field, or is it a case of a more gradual evolution and development of that which we already know? In this closing Keynote, I will provide a perspective on the evolution and development of the HCI field, looking backwards as well as forwards, in order to determine what are some of the changes of significance in the field. This “broad-brush” approach to what I term “ human-centred design” will be complemented by the examination of specific projects and applications, to help anchor some of the discussion. Areas such as user-centred design, participatory design, computer-supported cooperative work and learning, and interaction design, in which I have had some involvement over the years, will be mentioned. I will discuss the themes of “ecologies of artefacts”, appropriation, tinkering/bricolage, and the emergence of design anthropology, among other topics. The purpose of the talk is not to engage in a form of Futurism concerning the HCI field, but to examine some of the technical and social trends that can be observed, and to highlight some areas of particular significance that warrant further attention. I argue for a multi-layered approach that, while exploring new avenues of research concerning people’s use of technology, does not necessarily dismiss the corpus of knowledge we have built up over the years concerning human-computer interaction. From a personal perspective, issues such as means and ends, our underlying values, and concern for our fellow human beings in an increasingly fragile world, are issues that, while perhaps seen as outside the remit of a narrow HCI brief, impact on the field in significant ways. In this regard, discussions of our future should not be the preserve of techno-determinists, but be open to all. For example, ubiquitous computing can be involved in many scenarios, not only that of “Ambient Intelligence”. We need to engage in the development and critique of these different perspectives and approaches. Being able to work in and with multidisciplinary teams embodying distint, and at times conflicting perspectives, being able to communicate ones ideas and information across a variety of social and institutional boundaries, will become of great importance. Of particular concern, in the context of an IFIP INTERACT event, is the need to balance the heterogeneity of concepts and methods being used in research and practice with some form of quality control. Despite the heterogeneity of perspectives and disciplines nowadays involved in the field, I will argue that the HCI community, as a community, still does have a significant role to play in the development and evolution of useful, usable and enaging ICT-enabled infrastructures and applications.

Bannon, Liam J.

225

The National Coding Centre--an overview.  

PubMed

Medical Record Administrators have been aware of the need for a National Coding Authority in Australia for many years. With the establishment of the National Reference Centre for Reference Centre for Classification in Health in 1991 and the subsequent call for tenders for the establishment of a Coding Authority the movement to develop much needed standards, improve data and coding quality began to take shape. This paper outlines the lead up to the call for tenders, the terms of reference and objectives of the Coding Centre, the proposed staff, and the work program for the first three years. PMID:10138776

Watson, P J

1993-12-01

226

The biological oceanography of the East Australian Current and surrounding waters in relation to tuna and billfish catches off eastern Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The surface and sub-surface biological oceanography of tuna fishing grounds within the East Australian Current (EAC) was compared in 2004 with two other fishing areas further offshore. Our aim was to determine whether the biological oceanography of the region could explain the distribution and intensity of pelagic fishery catches inside and outside the EAC at that time. The EAC fishing area was noticeably warmer, less saline and lower in nutrients than waters in the other fishing areas. The EAC waters were dominated by large diatoms, the biomass of which was significantly higher than in the seamount and offshore areas, apparently the result of a cold core eddy beneath the EAC surface filament. Over the seamount and offshore more typical Tasman Sea waters prevailed, although the presence of a relatively deeper oxygen minimum layer over the seamount suggested topographically induced mixing in the area. Notably, sub-surface zooplankton and micronekton biomass was significantly higher around the seamount than in the two other areas. The offshore region was characterised by frontal activity associated with the Tasman front. Micronekton net biomass was generally highest in surface waters in this region. Examination of tuna catch records at that time showed yellowfin tuna ( Thunnus albacares) dominated the catches of the EAC, whereas swordfish ( Xiphias gladius) and bigeye tuna ( Thunnus obesus) were the main species caught offshore. We suggest the yellowfin tuna concentrate in waters that are not only warmer but where prey species are concentrated near the surface. Offshore, deeper living species such as swordfish and bigeye tuna ( T. obesus) can take advantage of prey species that are distributed deeper in the water column and along the flanks of the many seamounts in the region, or that are concentrated at fronts associated with the Tasman Front. Although only a snapshot of the region, relatively consistent catch data over time suggests the underlying biological oceanography may persist over longer time periods, particularly during the Austral spring.

Young, J. W.; Hobday, A. J.; Campbell, R. A.; Kloser, R. J.; Bonham, P. I.; Clementson, L. A.; Lansdell, M. J.

2011-03-01

227

Unesco Microfilm Deposit Centre in Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Centre for East Asian Cultural Studies (Tokyo) established in 1961 has been acting as a deposit center for Unesco microfilms of historical documents photographed in Asian countries since 1967. (Author)

Goto, A.

1971-01-01

228

District Information System of National Informatics Centre.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

National Informatics Centre (NIC), a project of the Government of India under the Department of Electronics, has been given the responsibility of creating appropriate information systems to facilitate the planning and decisionmaking process in the Ministr...

1987-01-01

229

Identity Theft: A Study in Contact Centres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper explores the recent phenomenon of identity theft. In particular, it examines the contact centre environment as a mechanism for this to occur. Through a survey that was conducted amongst forty-five contact centre workers in the Glasgow area we determined that contact centres can and do provide a mechanism for identity theft. Specifically, we found a particularly high incidence of agents who had previously dealt with phone calls that they considered suspicious. Furthermore, there are agents within such environments who have previously been offered money in exchange for customers' details, or who know of fellow workers who received such offers. Lastly, we identify specific practices within contact centres that may contribute to the likelihood of identity theft.

Moir, Iain; Weir, George R. S.

230

Centre for Quantum Information and Foundations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Centre for Quantum Information and Foundations (formerly the Centre for Quantum Computation), part of the University of Cambridge, and based within the Department for Applied Maths and Theoretical Physics, conducts theoretical research into all aspects of quantum information processing, and into the implications of the quantum theory of computation for physics itself. This site contains links to current research, journal articles, educational materials (including lecture notes, puzzles and quizzes), and extensive links to the greater quantum information and computing community.

2005-11-21

231

The Western European Union Satellite Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In January 1993, the FALCON consortium of 13 European companies, led by Cray Systems, won the contract to supply a turnkey satellite image processing facility to the Western European Union. The project started immediately and will be installed at WEU's Data Centre in Torrejon near Madrid in December 1993. This paper discusses the development of an idea for a Regional Satellite Monitoring Agency (RSMA) which will be realized in December 1993 when the Centre becomes fully operational.

Jasani, Bhupendra; Mara, Simon

1993-06-01

232

Deep Thermal Front (southeastern Brazilian coast) see through acoustics: a preliminary study from an operational oceanography perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The continental shelf region off the southeastern Brazilian coast (between 20°S and 28°S) is characterized by intrusions of the relatively cold and fertile South Atlantic Central Water (SACW) from the open ocean. Prediction and monitoring of this water mass are topics of great interest given its importance, for example, on climate, carbon cycle, fishing, mariculture, nutrients and pollutants dispersion, and for the oil industry. The intersection of the 18°C isotherm with the seafloor is appointed in the literature as a good tracer for SACW presence on the continental shelf and also to characterize the Deep Thermal Front (DTF) [Castro, 1996]. Among different factors that drive the SACW penetration on the continental shelf, one prominent mechanism is the water transport driven by the conditions of NE-E wind forcing. These winds varies seasonally, and they are prevalent during the spring and summer months. During these months, the water column is generally stratified due the combined effects of solar heating and DTF presence. In contrast, the reverse effect is characteristic in winter, when the water column is nearly homogeneous, relatively colder on the surface and relatively warm close to the bottom. Consequently, the sound speed field changes and thus the acoustic rays are propagated with different characteristics depending on presence, absence or DTF position. Considering this information, acoustics may provide an additional source of data that supplements the other conventional methods (e.g., hydrographic moorings and cruises, buoys, gliders, and others) for tracking and monitoring the front movement. In addition, it is worth emphasizing that acoustic methods present one interesting advantage in that they are able to sample the water column over large three-dimensional distances on an effectively synoptic scale. In this paper, a preliminary study of acoustic propagation modelling through one vertical section off the Brazilian southeastern coast at Cananéia region (state of São Paulo) is presented. Theorical temperature and salinity fields with differents conditions of DTF position are used for the calculations. Notable variations in the transmission loss field, rays propagations and time arrivals are found when the DTF is moving. These results support the idea that acoustics can be an interesting tool in monitoring and tracking of DTF movement, especially in the context of an intregrated program of observational oceanography and numerical ocean modeling.

Ponsoni, L.; Hermand, J.-P.; da Silveira, I. C. A.

2012-04-01

233

Building Swinburne Research Bank: an engaged, user-centred approach to content recruitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The now-defunct Research Quality Framework (RQF) required all Australian higher education facilities to build open access institutional repositories for the storage and archival of university research outputs. Most universities followed the University of Southampton-supported model of open access by pursuing mandates for authors to self-deposit to their repositories. This well-established workflow places the onus for depositing research, managing copyright and

Rebecca Parker; Helen Wolff

234

Miocene deepwater oceanography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A global synthesis of Miocene benthic foraminiferal carbon and oxygen isotopic and faunal abundance data indicates that Miocene thermohaline circulation evolved through three regimes corresponding approximately to early, middle, and late Miocene times. There is evidence for major qualitative differences between the circulation of the modern ocean and the Miocene ocean prior to 11 Ma. The 13C/12C ratios of the benthic foraminifera Cibicidoides are interpreted in terms of water mass aging, i.e., the progressive depletion of dissolved O2 and lowering of ?13C values as the result of oxidation of organic matter as water flows further from its sources at the surface of the oceans. Both isotopic and faunal data indicate that the early Miocene regime, from 22 to 15 Ma, was the most different from today's. During that interval intermediate and deep waters of both the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans aged in a northward direction, and the intermediate waters of the Indian, the South Atlantic and the South Pacific oceans were consistently the youngest in the global ocean. We speculate that early Miocene global thermohaline circulation may have been strongly influenced by the influx of warm saline water, Tethyan Indian Saline Water, from the Tethys into the northern Indian Ocean. The isotopic and faunal data suggest that flow from the Tethyan region into the Indian Ocean diminished or terminated at about 14 Ma. Isotopic and faunal data give no evidence for North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) formation prior to about 14.5 Ma (with the exception of a brief episode in the early Miocene). From 14.5 to 11 Ma NADW formation was weak, and circumpolar and Antarctic water flooded the deep South Atlantic and South Pacific as the Antarctic ice cap grew. From about 10 Ma to the end of the Miocene, thermohaline circulation resembled the modern circulation in many ways. In latest Miocene time (6 to 5 Ma) circulation patterns were very similar to today's except that NADW formation was greatly diminished. The distribution pattern of siliceous oozes in Miocene sediments is consistent with our proposed reconstruction of thermohaline circulation. Major changes which occurred in circulation during the middle Miocene were probably related to the closing of the Tethys and may have contributed to rapid middle Miocene growth of the Antarctic ice cap. Appendices 1, 4, 6, and 7 are available withentire article on microfiche. Order fromAmerican Geophysical Union, 2000 FloridaAvenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20009.Document 88P-002; $5.00. Payment mustaccompany order.

Woodruff, Fay; Savin, Samuel M.

1989-02-01

235

Oceanography of West Madagascar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During six week survey (August - October 2009) in Western and Northern coast of Madagascar, the R/V 'Dr. Fridtjof Nansen' has carried out a study of the pelagic ecosystem. In collaboration with Agulhas & Somali Current Large Marine Ecosystems project (ASCLME) and South West Indian Ocean Fisheries Project (SWIOFP), the aim of the survey was to establish the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of the Western Madagascar shelf region as a whole. Along selected hydrographical transects, a total of 182 CTD stations were conducted and ranged to a maximum of 3000 m depth. Water samples were also collected with Niskin bottles at predefined depths. A Seabird 911plus CTD was used to obtain vertical profiles of temperature, salinity and oxygen. As results, along the west and south coast of Madagascar, the shelf is narrow and widen slightly along the north-west coast. In all ten transects the isotherms showed stratified waters from the coast to offshore. A maximum salinity layer was observed at subsurface in all transects. Dissolved oxygen had a maximum at around 500 m depth in all transects. Low fluorescence values were observed in the upper 150-200 m, with maximum values in the range of 0.14-0.22 µg/l at intermediate layers. The conditions were consistent along and between the transects, with more variation observed at transect 9. No upwelling was observed along the western coast. The surface temperature (5 m depth) increased from 22°C in the south to 26°C in the north. The horizontal distribution of surface salinities showed homogenous conditions with values between 35.4psu (south) and 35.0 psu (north). Also starting from the coast to offshore, both the surface temperatures and surface salinities showed homogenous patterns.

John, Bemiasa

2014-05-01

236

Oceanography of East Madagascar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During six week survey (August - September 2008) in Southern and Eastern coast of Madagascar, the R/V 'Dr. Fridtjof Nansen' has carried out a study of the pelagic ecosystem. In collaboration with Agulhas & Somali Current Large Marine Ecosystems project (ASCLME) and South West Indian Ocean Fisheries Project (SWIOFP), the aim of the survey was to establish the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of the Western Madagascar shelf region as a whole. A total of 102 CTD stations were conducted along selected hydrographical transects and ranged to a maximum of 3000 m depth. Water samples were also collected with Niskin bottles at predefined depths. A Seabird 911plus CTD was used to obtain vertical profiles of temperature, salinity and oxygen. As results, the first section between latitude 25o-26oS showed sea surface temperature values ranging between 25oC to 15oC upper 250m depth. As part of the south-west, the shelf is narrow and widen slightly along the tip south of the Island coast. In contrast of the west coast, in all transects performed along the south and the east coast, in most cases, the isotherms showed non stratified waters from the coast to offshore. The presence of the upwelling system in the south-east coast modifies drastically the patterns of all measured parameters. Fluorescence had a maximum values (0.25 µg/l) at surface near the coast in 2nd to 5th transects. Inversely, low temperature values were observed along the south and south-east with minimum values in the range of 18. 5oC-11oC at 50-250 m depth. These conditions were consistent along and between the 2nd to 5th transects, with more variation observed at transect 5. The salinity values (5 m depth) decreased from 35.7 psu in the south to 34.5 psu in the east. The horizontal distribution of oxygen showed non homogenous conditions with values between 5 ml/l (south) and 2.5 ml/l (south-east). Also starting from the coast to offshore, surface temperatures and surface salinities, surface fluorescence and dissolved oxygen showed non homogenous patterns.

Bemiasa, John

2014-05-01

237

Southeast Asia Oceanography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

I am interested in better defining the magnitude and variations of the Pacific to Indian Ocean throughflow within the Indonesian Seas, which are considered to be key elements in the thermohaline balance of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and perhaps to the...

A. L. Gordon

1998-01-01

238

Chemical Oceanography (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Contact Donald Rice Program Director Rm. 725 N Phone: (703) 292-8582, Fax: (703) 292-9085, Email ... Program Director Rm. 725 N Phone: (703) 292-8582, Fax: (703) 292-9085, Email: flipschu@nsf.gov ...

239

Biological Oceanography (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Program supports research in marine ecology broadly defined - relationships among marine organisms ... ecology; behavioral, reproductive and life-history ecology; physiological and chemical ecology; and ...

240

Oceanography Through Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students use an interactive timeline to learn about the history of the exploration and study of the ocean. The timeline includes persons and events in both surface and deep sea exploration, which ranges from the invention of the diving bell through the exploration of William Beebe to Conshelf One. Surface exploration information includes the ancient Phoenicians, Ben Franklin and his work with the Gulf Stream, and the formation of the Scripps Institute.

241

Comparative Magma Oceanography  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The question of whether the Earth ever passed through a magma ocean stop is of considerable interest. Geochemical evidence strongly suggests that the Moon had a magma ocean and the evidence is mounting that the same was true for Mars. Analyses of mar (SNC) meteorites have yielded insights into the differentiation history of Mars, and consequently, it is interesting to compare that planet to the Earth. Three primary features of An contrast strongly to those of the Earth: (1) the extremely ancient ages of the martian core, mantle, and crust (approx. 4.55 b.y.); (2) the highly depleted nature of the martian mantle; and (3) the extreme ranges of Nd isotopic compositions that arise within the crust and depleted mantle.

Jones, John H.

1999-01-01

242

Is specialist centre delivery of gastroschisis beneficial?  

PubMed Central

This study aims to establish the usefulness of delivering neonates with gastroschisis in a regional obstetric and neonatal centre without the facility of on site surgery. A retrospective analysis was performed on the notes of 43 consecutive neonates with gastroschisis referred to Birmingham Children's Hospital over a 10 year period. Two groups were compared: those delivered at the regional obstetric centre (n = 9) and those delivered peripherally (n = 34). Both groups underwent postnatal transfer. There were no significant differences with regard to gestational age, birth weight, caesarean section rate, time to operation, and mortality. Primary closure rates were 89% for the regional centre group and 94% for the peripheral hospital group. Mean time to full enteral feeding was 24 days for the regional centre group and 23 days for those delivered peripherally. These data show that good results can be achieved with postnatal transfer. If on site surgery is not available, neonatal services are adequate peripherally, and the transfer distance is not too great, then delivery in a regional obstetric centre with subsequent postnatal transfer offers no advantage.

Nicholls, G; Upadhyaya, V; Gornall, P; Buick, R G; Corkery, J J

1993-01-01

243

Mysterious slapped face rash at holiday centre.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To discover the cause of an outbreak of facial rash in a holiday centre. DESIGN--Questionnaire survey of those with rash; analysis of samples of linen. SETTING--Holiday centre in south west England. PATIENTS--98 holiday-makers presenting to the first aid post with a facial rash. INTERVENTION--Replacement of bed linen with new linen in selected parts of the site. RESULTS--The attack rate was 7.0-14.2/1000 for most accommodation areas in the centre, but in one accommodation area the rate was zero. The pH of rinse water from sheets varied from 7.4 to 9.0. Those parts of the accommodation provided with new linen had zero attack rates. CONCLUSION--The facial rash resulted from irritation from washing powder retained owing to insufficient rinsing during laundering. Modifications to the rinsing process led to a gradual disappearance of the rash.

Gunnell, D. J.

1992-01-01

244

Emotional intelligence and patient-centred care  

PubMed Central

The principles of patient-centred care are increasingly stressed as part of health care policy and practice. Explanations for why some practitioners seem more successful in achieving patient-centred care vary, but a possible role for individual differences in personality has been postulated. One of these, emotional intelligence (EI), is increasingly referred to in health care literature. This paper reviews the literature on EI in health care and poses a series of questions about the links between EI and patient-centred outcomes. Papers concerning empirical examinations of EI in a variety of settings were identified to determine the evidence base for its increasing popularity. The review suggests that a substantial amount of further research is required before the value of EI as a useful concept can be substantiated.

Birks, Yvonne F; Watt, Ian S

2007-01-01

245

Centre for Asian and African Literatures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As a joint project of the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) and the University College of London (UCL), the Arts and Humanities Research Board Centre for Asian and African Literatures aims to become "a world-class locus for comparative research on the literatures of Asia and Africa." The Centre is distinctive for having a structure that elicits interaction between scholars of both Asia and Africa. Started in October 2000, the Centre is currently housing eight research projects that will span a five year period. Each project will run for three years and includes four different workshops. Some of the projects include Translations and Translation Theories East and West, Genre Ideologies and Narrative Transformation, and Gender and Literature in Cross-Cultural Contexts. The site provides a comprehensive explanation of each project, including context, methodology, and scope. This is an excellent site for research training in the fields of Asian and African literatures.

2000-01-01

246

The glenohumeral joint rotation centre in vivo.  

PubMed

Within the framework of the current call for standardization in upper extremity research, three methods to determine the glenohumeral joint rotation centre in vivo were tested. Therefore, subjects performed humeral movements, while a 3D electromagnetic tracking device registered the motion of the humerus with respect to the scapula. For the first method to estimate the glenohumeral joint rotation centre five scapular bony landmarks served as input to regression equations. The second method fitted a sphere through the humeral position data and the third method calculated the rotation centre determining an optimal helical axis. The experiment consisted of two parts, at first one subject was measured 10 times, subsequently one observer measured 10 subjects twice and another observer measured these subjects once. The first part of the experiment demonstrated that all methods are capable to reproduce the rotation centre within 4mm, but the location of the centre differed significantly between methods (p<0.001). The second part, showed that inter- and intra-observer reliability was sufficiently for the sphere-fitting method and for the helical-axes method. The two observations of one observer differed significantly (p<0.008) using the regression method. The authors prefer the helical-axes method, it is a reliable and valid method which can be applied in movement registration of healthy subjects and patients with a shoulder endoprosthesis, it can be applied in hinge joints to determine a rotation axis instead of a rotation centre which is desirable in standardized upper extremity research, and calculation time is short. PMID:11006387

Stokdijk, M; Nagels, J; Rozing, P M

2000-12-01

247

Centre for the Popularisation of Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at the University of Wales, the Centre for the Popularisation of Mathematics brings a more artistic side to the often plainly presented subject. Several online exhibits and galleries illustrate sculptures and knots that have a basis in math. One of the most interesting and famous mathematical sculptures is the Mobius Band. The centre gives a description of the Mobius Band and its significance, as well as instructions on how to create one and interesting experiments to try. Many other sculptures are presented in the same way, touching on topics of fractals and mathematics. The Knots Exhibition briefly introduces knot theory and shows many different knot configurations.

2005-11-30

248

From serenity to halcyon birth centre.  

PubMed

This article follows the journey of Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust quest for improving normal birth outcomes for a complex and diverse population. The opportunities that led to commissioning a colocated and freestanding birth centre are explored and how the design was influenced by less clinical beliefs about birth. Through the story of both birth centre developments, Kathryn Gutteridge shows the changes that have been seen in both clinical outcomes and families'comments. From a failing maternity service to a beacon of light where midwifery care and a belief that 'your birth in our home' really matters. PMID:23431667

Gutteridge, Kathryn

2013-01-01

249

International Soil Reference and Information Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC), which is associated with the Centre for Development and Environment, University of Berne, Switzerland, aims to "provide a better understanding of soils and to promote sustainable use of the land." The ISRIC Web site gives visitors several areas to explore, but of special note are the reports and publications link within the publications page, which contains downloadable annual and biannual reports, conference proceedings, soil briefs, technical papers, and more. These publications have been authored or co-authored by staff members, and guest researchers of ISRIC or the former International Soil Museum.

2001-01-01

250

International Soil Reference and Information Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC), which is associated with the Centre for Development and Environment, University of Berne, Switzerland, aims to "provide a better understanding of soils and to promote sustainable use of the land." The ISRIC Web site gives visitors several areas to explore, but of special note are the reports and publications link within the publications page, which contains downloadable annual and biannual reports, conference proceedings, soil briefs, technical papers, and more. These publications have been authored or co-authored by staff members, and guest researchers of ISRIC or the former International Soil Museum.

2008-01-01

251

In the Field: The Canadian Ecology Centre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Canadian Ecology Centre (Ontario) offers year-round residential and day programs in outdoor and environmental education for secondary students, field placement and internship opportunities for college students, and ecotourism programs, while providing employment and tax revenues to the local community. Dubbed consensus environmentalism, the…

Magee, Clare

2000-01-01

252

Early Childhood Centre Administrator Certification. Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the process for obtaining certification for the position of early childhood centre administrator (ECCA) in Nova Scotia, Canada. Following an introduction describing the development of the process and its pilot testing, Chapter 1 of the document details the four-step process: (1) application, including training in the ECCA…

Ferguson, E. Elaine

253

Learning Skills Centre--Department Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on an internal evaluation, which was conducted for developmental purposes, describes services provided at the Learning Skills Centres (LSC) on three separate campuses of Grant MacEwan Community College, in Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). The key questions of the evaluation addressed student and staff awareness of the existence of the LSC;…

Wilson, Pat

254

Student-Centred Learning: A Humanist Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The notion of student-centred learning is often not defined; within the pedagogic literature it is generally associated with constructivism or principles associated with a constructivist environment such as building on prior knowledge, purposeful active learning and sense-making. An informal enquiry into conceptions of university staff prior to…

Tangney, Sue

2014-01-01

255

UV LED lighting for automated crystal centring.  

PubMed

A direct outcome of the exponential growth of macromolecular crystallography is the continuously increasing demand for synchrotron beam time, both from academic and industrial users. As more and more projects entail screening a profusion of sample crystals, fully automated procedures at every level of the experiments are being implemented at all synchrotron facilities. One of the major obstacles to achieving such automation lies in the sample recognition and centring in the X-ray beam. The capacity of UV light to specifically react with aromatic residues present in proteins or with DNA base pairs is at the basis of UV-assisted crystal centring. Although very efficient, a well known side effect of illuminating biological samples with strong UV sources is the damage induced on the irradiated samples. In the present study the effectiveness of a softer UV light for crystal centring by taking advantage of low-power light-emitting diode (LED) sources has been investigated. The use of UV LEDs represents a low-cost solution for crystal centring with high specificity. PMID:21169682

Chavas, Leonard M G; Yamada, Yusuke; Hiraki, Masahiko; Igarashi, Noriyuki; Matsugaki, Naohiro; Wakatsuki, Soichi

2011-01-01

256

Person-Centred (Deictic) Expressions and Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We employed semi-structured tests to determine whether children with autism produce and comprehend deictic (person-centred) expressions such as "this"/"tilde" "here"/"there" and "come"/"go", and whether they understand atypical non-verbal gestural deixis in the form of directed head-nods to indicate location. In Study 1, most participants…

Hobson, R. Peter; Garcia-Perez, Rosa M.; Lee, Anthony

2010-01-01

257

Gas Gangrene at Tertiary Care Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives : To study gas gangrene isolates at tertiary care centre. Methods : Analysis of a series of 206 cases of gas gangrene was done over a period of 2 yr (Dec. 2004 - Dec. 2006). Results : Clostridium perfringens was cultured in 58 (90.6%) of the cases, Clostridium tertium were isolated in 5 (7.8%) and clostridium tetani in 1

A Sonavane; M Mathur

258

Scattering centre extraction for extended targets  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we consider the estimation of scattering centre parameters for the case of extended targets. In general, models are tested on synthetic targets made up of few scatterers. This choice is imposed by the maximum model-order assumed by the method. It is limited by the rank of the observation matrix and by the noise which corrupts the signal

H. Borrion; H. D. Griffiths; P. Tait; D. Money; C. J. Baker

2005-01-01

259

UV LED lighting for automated crystal centring  

PubMed Central

A direct outcome of the exponential growth of macromolecular crystallography is the continuously increasing demand for synchrotron beam time, both from academic and industrial users. As more and more projects entail screening a profusion of sample crystals, fully automated procedures at every level of the experiments are being implemented at all synchrotron facilities. One of the major obstacles to achieving such automation lies in the sample recognition and centring in the X-ray beam. The capacity of UV light to specifically react with aromatic residues present in proteins or with DNA base pairs is at the basis of UV-assisted crystal centring. Although very efficient, a well known side effect of illuminating biological samples with strong UV sources is the damage induced on the irradiated samples. In the present study the effectiveness of a softer UV light for crystal centring by taking advantage of low-power light-emitting diode (LED) sources has been investigated. The use of UV LEDs represents a low-cost solution for crystal centring with high specificity.

Chavas, Leonard M. G.; Yamada, Yusuke; Hiraki, Masahiko; Igarashi, Noriyuki; Matsugaki, Naohiro; Wakatsuki, Soichi

2011-01-01

260

Centre for International Cooperation and Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Centre for International Cooperation and Services (CICS), part of the Open University of the United Kingdom, is described. Distance learning is defined and related to the Open University. Information is provided on the establishment, work, services, and resources of the CICS. A wallet folder at the back of the booklet contains details of the…

Open Univ., Walton, Bletchley, Bucks (England).

261

The F centre in potassium magnesium fluoride  

Microsoft Academic Search

Calculations of the electronic structure of the F centre in KMgF3 are reported and their results compared with experiment. The hyperfine interaction of the ground state with the nearest F- ion is predicted to be 70 G, in good agreement with the experimental result of 60 G. The energy for optical absorption to the Eu excited state is given by

A. H. Harker

1973-01-01

262

Youth Research Centre Annual Report, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report details the activities of the Youth Research Centre (YRC) at the University of Melbourne in 2002 in research project work involving a balance between the completion of projects, the development of new areas, and the continuation of longer-term projects as well as the supervision and teaching of a range of postgraduate health and…

Melbourne Univ. (Australia). Youth Research Centre.

263

Industry Restructuring: Extracts from Centre Publications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains excerpts from material previously published by Australia's TAFE (Technical and Further Education) National Centre for Research and Development on the subjects of industry restructuring, the reasons for restructuring, revising curricula, and providing a service to business and industry. Its contents are "Industry…

Hall, William C., Ed.

264

The Centre for Reproductive Biology in Uppsala  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The primary function of the Centre for Reproductive Biology in Uppsala (CRU) "is to increase the knowledge about reproduction in animals and humans by applying a more comprehensive view on reproductive biology." CRU is composed of scientists from both Uppsala University and the Swedish University of Agricultural Science. The CRU site contains information about a number of publications, and contact information for CRU members.

2007-10-24

265

Self Assessment and Student-Centred Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper seeks to show how self assessment facilitates student-centred learning (SCL) and fills a gap in the literature. Two groups of students were selected from a single class in a tertiary educational institution. The control group of 25 was selected randomly by the tossing of an unbiased coin (heads = control group). They were trained in the…

McDonald, Betty

2012-01-01

266

Synopsis of Hydrographic Data from the TAMU Ship of Opportunity Program: XBT, CTD, and Bottle Data Collected from the Gulf of Mexico, November 1989-September 1993 by the Technical Support Services Group, Department of Oceanography, TAMU.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In September 1989, the U.S. Minerals Management Service and the Department of Oceanography of Texas A&M University entered into a 4-year Cooperative Agreement (No. 14-35-0001-30501) that contracted TAMU Marine and Electronic Technicians to collect CTD, XB...

D. C. Biggs

1993-01-01

267

Soviet books and publications on geological and chemical oceanography, hydrology, and other subjects acquired during the second international oceanographic congress, Moscow, June 1966: titles and some translated contents and notes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The listed publications represent a selection, by no means complete, of recent Soviet work in geological and chemical oceanography. Some works on hydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the continents, as well as a few publications on other subjects, such as geology, geophysics, and biology, also are included.

Manheim, F. T.

1966-01-01

268

West Hackberry Strategic Petroleum Reserve site brine-disposal monitoring, Year I report. Volume II. Physical and chemical oceanography. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This project centers around the Strategic Petroleum Site (SPR) known as the West Hackberry salt dome which is located in southwestern Louisiana, and which is designed to store 241 million barrels of crude oil. Oil storage caverns are formed by injecting water into salt deposits, and pumping out the resulting brine. Studies described in this report were designed as follow-on studies to three months of pre-discharge characterization work, and include data collected during the first year of brine leaching operations. The objectives were to: (1) characterize the environment in terms of physical, chemical and biological attributes; (2) determine if significant adverse changes in ecosystem productivity and stability of the biological community are occurring as a result of brine discharge; and (3) determine the magnitude of any change observed. Contents of Volume II include: introduction; physical oceanography; estuarine hydrology and hydrography; analysis of discharge plume; and water and sediment quality.

DeRouen, L.R.; Hann, R.W.; Casserly, D.M.; Giammona, C.; Lascara, V.J. (eds.)

1983-02-01

269

Subseabed Disposal Project annual report, FY85 to termination of project: Physical Oceanography and Water Column Geochemistry Studies, October 1984 through May 1986  

SciTech Connect

This report covers the work of the Physical Oceanography and Water Column Geochemistry (POWCG) Studies Group of the Subseabed Disposal Project (SDP) from October 1984 to termination of the project in May 1986. The overview of the work includes an introduction, general descriptions of the activities, and a summary. Detailed discussions are included as appendices. During the period of this report the POWCG Studies Group held a meeting to develop a long-term research plan for the Nares Abyssal Plain, which was recently designated as a study area for the Environmental Study Group of the SDP. The POWCG Studies Group has also planned and participated in two interdisciplinary oceanographic missions to the Nares which have resulted in the acquisition of data and samples which can be used to begin to understand the workings of the ecosystem at the site, and for developing a preliminary site assessment. The papers in the appendices have been processed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

Kupferman, S.L. (ed.)

1987-05-01

270

The obtaining relative position of lunar centre masses and centre of the figure in selenocentric catalogues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relative position of lunar center masses relative to center of the figure in Kazan and Kiev selenocentric catalogues was customized. The expansions by spherical harmonics N=5 degree and order of the lunar function h(?, ?) with using the package ASNI USTU were executed. Module of the expansion of the local area to surfaces to full sphere was used. The parameters of cosmic missions are given for comparison (SAI; Bills, Ferrari). The normalized coefficients from expansions for eight sources hypsometric information are obtained: - Clementine (N=40), - Kazan (N=5), - Kiev (N=5), - SAI (N=10; Chuikova (1975)), - Bills, Ferrari, - ??gu?? (Selena, Japan mission), - ULCN (The Uuified Lunaz Control Network 2005). The displacements of the lunar centre figure relative to lunar centre of the masses were defined from equations (Chuikova (1975)). The results of the obtaining relative position of the lunar centre masses and centre of the figure in Kazan selenocentric catalogue give good agreement with modern cosmic mission data.

Nefedjev, Yu. A.; Valeev, S. G.; Rizvanov, N. G.; Mikeev, R. R.; Varaksina, N. Yu.

2010-05-01

271

The Magnetization of Face-Centred Cubic and Body-Centred Cubic Iron + Nickel Alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magnetizations of single phase binary iron+nickel alloys have been measured and Bohr magneton numbers p estimated for body-centred cubic alloys with 0 to 32.3 at. % of nickel and for face-centred cubic alloys with 31 to 80 %. Initially p increases at the rate 1.1 ± 0.1 mu_B per nickel atom in iron-rich b.c.c. alloys. In the f.c.c. phase p

J. Crangle; G. C. Hallam

1963-01-01

272

Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions (located in Switzerland) "is committed to local and national capacity-building in the area of economic, social and cultural rights and places particular emphasis on securing respect for the housing rights of traditionally disadvantaged groups, including women, children, ethic or other minorities and indigenous peoples." With this mission in mind, the site contains materials for persons interested in international trends in litigation for housing rights, forced evictions, and housing rights across the globe. Also, there is an online library of documents and additional reports related to these subjects and a section for those persons who may choose to get involved with different projects. The site is rounded out by several extensive glossaries of terms related to housing rights and a section on the Centre's most recent activities.

273

The Canada Centre for Remote Sensing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canada Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRC), "a leading centre of excellence in the use of earth-observation data," is responsible for the acquisition of data and the development of remote sensing applications and related methodologies. This site, provided by Natural Resources Canada, highlights Canadian geography using images obtained through remote sensing. CCRC's information-rich site is divided into five sections including research and development, images and data, and educational references. The site also offers fully-referenced overviews of technologies such as synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and the actual satellites used in remote sensing, plus numerous visuals in the "Applications in Action" section. Highlights include views of Canada from outer space and tracking of glacial movements. Exact image location, date, and sensor resolution is given for every radar image. The searchable bibliography includes some hyperlinks to journal abstracts. The site, available in English and French, also has a searchable, comprehensive glossary of remote sensing terms.

274

Distribution Centres in Supply Chain Operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

A supply chain consists of all flows and transformations from simple raw materials to purchase of end-items by consumers. Various network\\u000a nodes perform component fabrication, product assembly or sales. These activities, however, require logistical support, e.g.,\\u000a storage of intermediate or finished goods; consolidation of orders; and transportation. The term, Distribution Centre (DC) denotes a supply-chain node that furnishes coordination of

James K. Higginson; James H. Bookbinder

275

Paramagnetic defect centres in crystalline Alq3  

Microsoft Academic Search

X- and Q-band electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) investigation of different crystalline Alq3 (tris(8-hydroxyquinoline)aluminium (III)) fractions formed by a train sublimation method are reported. Several paramagnetic defect centres corresponding to 1\\/2, 1, and 3\\/2 spin are observed at room temperature. Their intensity is dependent on the temperature, nature of the crystalline phase, and preparation conditions. Spectra simulation and analysis based on

M. N. Grecu; A. Mirea; C. Ghica; M. Cölle; M. Schwoerer

2005-01-01

276

Centre for Injury and Violence Prevention (Start)  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionThe purpose of the Centre for Injury and Violence Prevention is the regular compilation and monitoring of statistics on injuries, including self-harm and assaults, and the use of these statistical data in injury prevention.MethodsInjuries are recorded and monitored On the population level using the patient information system where an injury database (injury view) has been created. The data from the

I Nurmi-Luthje; K Karjalainen; M Pauna

2010-01-01

277

Ring galaxies from off-centre collisions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the formation of RE galaxies (i.e. of collisional ring galaxies with an empty ring), with N-body/smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations. The simulations employ a recipe for star formation (SF) and feedback that has been shown to be crucial to produce realistic galaxies in a cosmological context. We show that RE galaxies can form through off-centre collisions (i.e. with a non-zero impact parameter), even for small inclination angles. The ring can be either a complete ring or an arc, depending on the initial conditions (especially on the impact parameter). In our simulations, the nucleus of the target galaxy is displaced from the dynamical centre of the galaxy and is buried within the ring, as a consequence of the off-centre collision. We find that the nucleus is not vertically displaced from the plane of the ring. We study the kinematics of the ring, finding agreement with the predictions by the analytic theory. The SF history of the simulated galaxies indicates that the interaction enhances the SF rate. We compare the results of our simulations with the observations of Arp 147, which is the prototype of RE galaxies.

Mapelli, M.; Mayer, L.

2012-02-01

278

International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste. Scientific activities in 1995.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The annual report of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics from Trieste for 1995 contains three parts. Part 1 includes statistical data on the main activities of the Centre. Part 2 presents the scientific programme in various fields (Physics of...

1996-01-01

279

The Functions and Planning of Visitor Centres in Regional Tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visitor centres are distinctive purpose-built tourist facilities and their multiple functions are important in fostering sustainable regional tourism. The key attributes which define a visitor centre are specified. The analysis then proceeds by articulating a \\

Philip L. Pearce

280

Hunting for hardware changes in data centres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With many servers and server parts the environment of warehouse sized data centres is increasingly complex. Server life-cycle management and hardware failures are responsible for frequent changes that need to be managed. To manage these changes better a project codenamed “hardware hound” focusing on hardware failure trending and hardware inventory has been started at CERN. By creating and using a hardware oriented data set - the inventory - with detailed information on servers and their parts as well as tracking changes to this inventory, the project aims at, for example, being able to discover trends in hardware failure rates.

Coelho dos Santos, M.; Steers, I.; Szebenyi, I.; Xafi, A.; Barring, O.; Bonfillou, E.

2012-12-01

281

OCMS: Oxford Centre for Molecular Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at the University of Oxford, the Oxford Centre for Molecular Sciences (OCMS) involves scientists from many different disciplines who share an interest in the structure and function of proteins. Researchers can learn about OCMS's current research dealing with macromolecular complexes and chemistry. The website features the individual research interests and related publications for twenty key scientists. Students and professionals can learn about the abundance of facilities and expertise available to OCMS personnel including the Crystallisation Laboratory, the imaging plate detectors, and electron microscopes. This extensive website also provides links to the many departments at Oxford involved with OCMS.

282

Polarized luminescence of FA+ centres in calcium oxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of the polarization of luminescence from FA+ centres in CaO have been carried out to confirm the presence and position of the second absorption band of this centre, the FA2+ band. It has been shown that there is polarization in the FA1+ luminescence band of the centre when excited at 325 nm, consistent with the presence of an A

A. E. Hughes; G. P. Pells

1975-01-01

283

Early-type stars towards the Galactic Centre (Dufton+, 1999)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have begun a search for early-type stars towards the galactic centre which are potentially young objects situated within the inner few kiloparsecs of the disk. U and V (or I) band photographic photometry from the UK Schmidt Telescope has been obtained to identify the bluest candidates in nineteen Schmidt fields (centred close to the galactic centre). We have spectroscopically

P. L. Dufton; S. J. Smartt; N. C. Hambly

2000-01-01

284

12. SOUTHWEST VIEW OF FIRST CENTRE FAMILY DWELLING HOUSE, LATER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. SOUTHWEST VIEW OF FIRST CENTRE FAMILY DWELLING HOUSE, LATER FARMER DEACON'S SHOP, WITH SECOND CENTRE FAMILY DWELLING HOUSE IN BACKGROUND - Shaker Centre Family Dwelling House (First), North side of Village Road, North of U.S. Route 68 & State Route 33 intersection, Shakertown, Mercer County, KY

285

CULTURAL TENSIONS - EXPLORING CALL CENTRES IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mostly private sector literature on call centre work suggests two distinct images: electronic sweatshops and customer focus (Deery & Kinnie 2002). In the public sector, call centres have become widespread as governments import private sector management practices. Under the rubric of New Public Management (NPM) contestability, and client focus require call centres and other public services to compare or

Eve Anderson; Amanda Pyman; Julian Teicher

2007-01-01

286

KNMI Data Centre: Easy access for all  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

KNMI is the Dutch institute for weather, climate research and seismology. It disseminates weather information to the public at large, the government, aviation and the shipping industry in the interest of safety, the economy and a sustainable environment. To gain insight into long-term developments KNMI conducts research on climate change. Making the knowledge, data and information on hand at KNMI accessible is one core activity. A huge part of the KNMI information is from numerical models, insitu sensor networks and remote sensing satellites. This digital collection is mostly internal only available and is a collection of non searchable , non standardized file formats, lacking documentation and has no references to scientific publications. With the KNMI Data Centre (KDC) project these issues are tackled. In the project a user driven development approach with SCRUM was chosen to get maximum user involvement in a relative short development timeframe. Building on open standards and proven open source technology (which includes in-house developed software like ADAGUC WMS and Portal) resulted in a first release in December 2012 This presentation will focus on the aspects of KDC relating to its technical challenges, the development strategy and the initial usage results of the data centre.

van de Vegte, John; Som de Cerff, Wim; Plieger, Maarten; de Vreede, Ernst; Sluiter, Raymond; Willem Noteboom, Jan; van der Neut, Ian; Verhoef, Hans; van Versendaal, Robert; van Binnendijk, Martin; Kalle, Henk; Knopper, Arthur; Spit, Jasper; Mastop, Joeri; Klos, Olaf; Calis, Gijs; Ha, Siu-Siu; van Moosel, Wim; Klein Ikkink, Henk-Jan; Tosun, Tuncay

2013-04-01

287

Oral chemotherapy safety practices at US cancer centres: questionnaire survey  

PubMed Central

Objective To characterise current safety practices for the use of oral chemotherapy. Design Written questionnaire survey of pharmacy directors of cancer centres. Setting Comprehensive cancer centres in the United States. Results Respondents from 42 (78%) of 54 eligible centres completed the survey, after consulting with 89 colleagues. Clinicians at 29 centres used handwritten prescriptions, two used preprinted paper prescriptions, and six used electronic systems for most oral chemotherapy prescribing. For six commonly used oral chemotherapies, on average 10 centres required a diagnosis on the prescription, 11 required the protocol number, four required the cycle number, nine required double checking by a second clinician, 14 required a calculation of body surface area, and 14 required a calculation of dose per square metre of body surface area. Only a third of centres requested patients' written informed consent when oral chemotherapy was given off protocol. Nearly a quarter (10) of centres had no formal process for monitoring patients' adherence. In the past year respondents at 10 centres reported at least one serious adverse drug event related to oral chemotherapy, and respondents at 13 centres reported a serious near miss. Conclusion Few of the safeguards routinely used for infusion chemotherapy have been adopted for oral chemotherapy at US cancer centres. There is currently no consensus at these centres about safe medication practices for oral chemotherapy.

Flug, Jonathan; Brouillard, Daniela; Morway, Laurinda; Partridge, Ann; Bartel, Sylvia; Shulman, Lawrence N; Connor, Maureen

2007-01-01

288

The Curriculum Development Centre of Malaysia. Studies of Curriculum Development Centres in Asia 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Curriculum Development Centre (CDC) of Malaysia became an operating agency in January 1973 and became a division of the Malaysia Ministry of Education in May 1974. Its establishment was the culmination of over a decade of curriculum development efforts by the Ministry of Education. The CDC was an outgrowth of both the First and Second Malaysia…

Oon-Chye, Yeoh; And Others

289

Continental shelf processes affecting the oceanography of the South Atlantic Bight: Progress report, June 1, 1987 to May 31, 1988. [FLEX  

SciTech Connect

This study of continental shelf processes affecting the oceanography of the South Atlantic Bight (SAB) is part of the interdisciplinary DOE-sponsored South Atlantic Bight Program. Our part of the program involves hydrographic and nutrient characteristics of the region. Current research efforts in the SAB Program are being focused on the inner shelf region where effects of bottom friction, local wind forcing, river and estuarine discharge, and tides, which are all small scale processes, are important. Our major accomplishment during the past year was the completion of the FLEX (Fall Experiment) field study. Since most of our data collection is computerized, preliminary hydrographic data analysis was done on board ship during the cruise and preliminary results are available. These results will be presented in this report. We are just beginning our standard data processing and data analysis procedures. We continued the processing and analysis of SPREX data collected during April 1985. Work has also continued on the older GABEX I and II data sets. 8 refs., 19 figs., 2 tabs.

Atkinson, L.P.

1988-01-01

290

University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The growing interest in the field of bioethics should surprise few people, as many of the issues in this field continue to be of broad interest to the general public as well as to academics in the areas of medicine, public health, philosophy, and a host of others. The Joint Centre for Bioethics at the University of Toronto is a place where this type of work goes on in earnest, and in doing so, brings together diverse individuals from these various fields to provide earnest commentary and informed scholarship to the general public and fellow academics. Most persons visiting the site will want to look at the helpful "News Flash" features, which include working papers on such topics as "Nanotechnology and the Developing World" and "Learning from Terri Schiavo". Additionally, the site contains information on the group's various educational programs, lectures, and public outreach efforts, such as its electronic newsletter.

2007-04-15

291

International Centre for Earth Simulation (ICES)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High Performance Computing is currently deployed in several centers for climate research, but not at the levels needed to achieve substantial success on a global basis, given the complexity of the problem. A quantum leap in capabilities will be necessary to handle next-generation climate models that integrate newly emerging sciences, high-resolution grids, and voluminous observational data from satellites and sophisticated ground devices. Bishop will discuss efforts to build an International Centre for Earth Simulation (ICES) that takes an holistic systems approach, and that has the competence and resources to achieve new insights in this new decade, and is capable to influence public policy wrt to weather, climate, environment and disaster risk reduction.

Bishop, R.

2010-09-01

292

Human Security Centre: Human Security Brief 2006  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the concept of human security is a relatively new one, there is a growing consensus that the subject is one that will continue to be of the utmost importance in the coming years. Generally, the term is used to describe "the complex of interrelated threats associated with civil war, genocide and the displacement of populations." Recently, the Human Security Centre (located at the University of British Columbia) published its annual Human Security Brief, and placed it online at this site. The report analyzes the findings of several datasets that track trends in such areas as organized violence against civilians and the conclusion of armed conflicts worldwide. While this ambitious work does have some positive findings to announce, there are a number of other troubling trends, such as the fact that four of the world's six regions have experienced increased numbers of conflicts since 2002.

293

Distant Operational Care Centre: Design Project Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this project is to outline the design of the Distant Operational Care Centre (DOCC), a modular medical facility to maintain human health and performance in space, that is adaptable to a range of remote human habitats. The purpose of this project is to outline a design, not to go into a complete technical specification of a medical facility for space. This project involves a process to produce a concise set of requirements, addressing the fundamental problems and issues regarding all aspects of a space medical facility for the future. The ideas presented here are at a high level, based on existing, researched, and hypothetical technologies. Given the long development times for space exploration, the outlined concepts from this project embodies a collection of identified problems, and corresponding proposed solutions and ideas, ready to contribute to future space exploration efforts. In order to provide a solid extrapolation and speculation in the context of the future of space medicine, the extent of this project's vision is roughly within the next two decades. The Distant Operational Care Centre (DOCC) is a modular medical facility for space. That is, its function is to maintain human health and performance in space environments, through prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Furthermore, the DOCC must be adaptable to meet the environmental requirements of different remote human habitats, and support a high quality of human performance. To meet a diverse range of remote human habitats, the DOCC concentrates on a core medical capability that can then be adapted. Adaptation would make use of the DOCC's functional modularity, providing the ability to replace, add, and modify core functions of the DOCC by updating hardware, operations, and procedures. Some of the challenges to be addressed by this project include what constitutes the core medical capability in terms of hardware, operations, and procedures, and how DOCC can be adapted to different remote habitats.

1996-01-01

294

ACTRIS Data Centre: An atmospheric data portal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ACTRIS (Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research InfraStructure Network) is a European Project aiming at integrating European ground-based stations equipped with advanced instrumentation for studying aerosols, clouds, and short-lived gas-phase species. The ACTRIS activities result in improved atmospheric measurements data made at more than 60 European sites, from numerous instruments and includes variables measured by ground based in situ and remote sensing technologies. Core variables are in situ aerosol optical, physical and chemical properties, short-lived trace gases (volatile organic carbon and nitrogen oxides), aerosol scattering and extinction profiles, and cloud properties. The ACTRIS data centre (ACTRIS DC) is giving free and open access to all data resulting from the activities of the infrastructure network, complemented with data from other relevant networks and data bases. The overall goal is to facilitate scientists and other user groups access to atmospheric observational data, and to provide mature products for analysis and interpretation of atmospheric composition change. The ACTRIS DC aims at substantially increasing the number of high-quality data by providing long-term observational data relevant to climate and air quality research produced with standardized or comparable procedures throughout the network. The backbone of the ACTRIS DC is the three core data bases: - EARLINET Data Base hosting aerosol lidar data from more than 30 European sites - EBAS hosting ground based atmospheric in situ data from more than 1000 sites globally - Cloudnet hosting remote sensing cloud data and products from 5 European sites Furthermore, a joint portal is developed combining information from various data sources to gain new information not presently available from standalone databases or networks. The data centre will provide tools and services to facilitate the use of measurements for broad user communities. Higher level and integrated products will be developed stage-by-stage during the project, and user requirements, interactions and feedbacks are essential. The first version of ACTRIS DC is a web portal that allows users to search for atmospheric composition data from a multitude of data archives through a single user interface. Examples of data bases and frameworks included are EMEP, the GAW- world data centres, EARLINET, NDACC, CARIBIC-GEOmon, HTAP, AMAP amongst others. Currently the portal provides an overview of more than 800 000 data sets from more than 20 data bases/frameworks globally. For some of the databases included in the portal, the interface furthermore allows you to download data directly through the portal. A map functionality is implemented facilitating the identification of data and making it possible to search for collocation of observations, variables and sites both in time and space. The data portal can serve as "one-stop-shop" of atmospheric high-quality data, and the portal will also offer a direct interface towards external users like the MACC II project and GMES in-situ. The data dissemination will take into account the principles outlined in SEIS, INSPIRE, WIS and GEOSS.

Myhre, C. Lund; Fahre Vik, A.; Logna, R.; Torseth, K.; Linné, H.; O'Connor, E.

2012-04-01

295

A SDMS Model: Early Warning Coordination Centres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the tsunami disaster in 2004, the General Secretary of the United Nations (UN) Kofi Annan called for a global early warning system for all hazards and for all communities. He also requested the ISDR (International Strategy fort Disaster Reduction) and its UN partners to conduct a global survey of capacities, gaps and opportunities in relation to early warning systems. The produced report, "Global survey of Early Warning Systems", concluded that there are many gaps and shortcomings and that much progress has been made on early warning systems and great capabilities are available around the world. However, it may be argued that an early warning system (EWS) may not be enough to prevent fatalities due to a natural hazard; i.e., it should be seen as part of a ‘wider' or total system. Furthermore, an EWS may work very well when assessed individually but it is not clear whether it will contribute to accomplish the purpose of the ‘total disaster management system'; i.e., to prevent fatalities. For instance, a regional EWS may only work if it is well co-ordinated with the local warning and emergency response systems that ensure that the warning is received, communicated and acted upon by the potentially affected communities. It may be argued that without these local measures being in place, a regional EWS will have little impact in saving lives. Researchers argued that unless people are warned in remote areas, the technology is useless; for instance McGuire [5] argues that: "I have no doubt that the technical element of the warning system will work very well,"…"But there has to be an effective and efficient communications cascade from the warning centre to the fisherman on the beach and his family and the bar owners." Similarly, McFadden [6] states that: "There's no point in spending all the money on a fancy monitoring and a fancy analysis system unless we can make sure the infrastructure for the broadcast system is there,"… "That's going to require a lot of work. If it's a tsunami, you've got to get it down to the last Joe on the beach. This is the stuff that is really very hard." Given the above, the paper argues that there is a need for a systemic approach to early warning centres. Systemic means looking upon things as a system; systemic means seeing pattern and inter-relationship within a complex whole; i.e., to see events as products of the working of a system. System may be defined as a whole which is made of parts and relationships. Given this, ‘failure' may be seen as the product of a system and, within that, see death/injury/property loss etc. as results of the working of systems. This paper proposes a preliminary model of ‘early warning coordination centres' (EWCC); it should be highlighted that an EWCC is a subsystem of the Systemic Disaster Management System (SDMS) model.

Santos-Reyes, Jaime

2010-05-01

296

Aggregate colour centres in impurity LiF crystals  

SciTech Connect

LiF crystals with colour centres exhibiting a zero-phonon line (ZPL) at 1080 nm in absorption and luminescence are studied. The decay time of luminescence of colour centres at 10 K is 260 - 280 ns, the ZPL half-width is 4.7 cm{sup -1}, and colour centres are characterised by a weak electron - phonon interaction (the Huang - Rhys factor is S < 0.11). The polarisation analysis of luminescence showed that the transition dipole moments of colour centres are oriented along the crystal axes [100], [010], and [001]. The model of aggregate F{sub 4} colour centres having a spatial structure with three symmetry axes C{sub 2} may correspond to the colour centres studied in the paper. (active media. lasers)

Basiev, Tasoltan T; Karasik, Aleksandr Ya; Konyushkin, V A; Papashvili, A G; Pukhov, K K [Laser Materials and Technology Research Center, A. M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Ermakov, I V; Gellermann, V [Department of Physics, University of Utah (United States)

2002-08-31

297

The Centre of Mass of a Triangular Plate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present a derivation for the coordinates of the centre of mass--or centre of gravity--of a homogeneous triangular plate by using scaling and symmetry. We scale the triangular plate by a factor of 2 and divide its area into four plates identical to the original. By symmetry, we assert that the centre of mass of two identical masses lies at the…

Slusarenko, Viktor; Rojas, Roberto; Fuster, Gonzalo

2008-01-01

298

The University College London Centre for Cosmic Chemistry and Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University College London Centre for Cosmic Chemistry and Physics developed this website to present its research in the "fundamental chemical processes which [they believe] occur throughout the universe." Visitors can find an overview of the design and progress of the Centre's projects dealing with the formation of hydrogen molecules on interstellar dust grains and more complex molecules. The website introduces the Centre's main facilities, the Cosmic Dust Lab and the Surface Science Lab. Users can also discover the Centre's theoretical work on gas-surface scattering.

299

International Centre for Human Resources in Nursing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website addresses one of the more pressing issues in healthcare worldwide: the nursing workforce. The website of the International Centre for Human Resources in Nursing (ICHRN) addresses the shortage of nurses, the underemployment of nurses and the migration of nurses, as well as the challenges of nursing education availability and poor workforce planning. Visitors can click on "Knowledge Library" at the top of the page to download many of their publications. The library can be browsed by subject or searched by keyword. Some of the subject areas include "Workforce Assessment, Planning and Policy", "Work Environment" and "Good/Promising Practices in Nursing Recruitment and Retention". The "Helpful Links" tab at the top of the page will take the visitor to over two dozen links concerning the nursing crisis in world healthcare. To subscribe to the free ICHRN e-newsletter in English, French or Spanish, visitors should click on "Newsletter" under the "News & Events" tab at the top of the page. Current and previous issues of the newsletter are also accessible to visitors via a link on the same page where they can also find the information about subscribing.

300

Herschel Observation Log (Herschel Science Centre, 2013)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Herschel Space Observatory (Herschel) is an ESA (European Space Agency) project with instruments funded by ESA member states. It was operated from May 2009 till April 2013, offering unprecedent observational capabilities in the far-infrared and submillimetre spectral range (55-671 microns). Herschel carried a 3.5m diameter passively cooled Cassegrain telescope. The science payload comprised three instruments: two direct detection cameras/medium resolution spectrometers, PACS and SPIRE, and a very high-resolution heterodyne spectrometer, HIFI. Herschel successfully made over 37,000 scientific observations. Herschel Science Archive: The HSA is available at the Herschel Science Centre at http://herschel.esac.esa.int/Science_Archive.shtml Herschel helpdesk: http://herschel.esac.esa.int/esupport/ Herschel User Provided Data Products: http://herschel.esac.esa.int/UserProvidedDataProducts.shtml Postcard Server: http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/aio/doc/postcardGallery.html Observation Log: http://herschel.esac.esa.int/logrepgen/observationlist.do (1 data file).

Herschel Science, Centre

2013-09-01

301

Swasti: An International Health Resource Centre  

PubMed Central

Swasti, an International Health Resource Centre was established in 2002 in India. The objective was to enhance the health and well-being of communities, particularly the marginalized. Swasti’s main focus lies in the areas of primary health, sexual and reproductive health including HIV, communicable and non-communicable diseases, water, sanitation and hygiene and gender based violence. The organization, during the last decade has grown in leaps and bounds reaching out to the most affected communities through policy influence and grassroots level intervention reach. Swasti has an agile, passionate and multi-disciplinary team, who deliver in diverse situations across the development spectrum while integrating community needs, programs and policies. The organization’s focus is on quality support to deliver cutting edge, sustainable solutions. Swasti has a global approach and works with many development partners across many countries. So far it has been involved in over 200 engagements in over 20 countries with partners ranging from Government Departments, Bilateral and Multilateral Donors, Foundations, INGOs, FBOs, CBOs etc. With many awards and recognitions to its credit, Swasti also contributes to policy and is a part of many global platforms for advocacy.

Kumar, N.S.

2013-01-01

302

Child-Centred Inquiry Learning: How Mathematics Understanding Emerges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how mathematical understandings might emerge through student-centred inquiry. Data is drawn from a research project on student-centred curriculum integration that situated mathematics within authentic problem-solving contexts and involved students in collaboratively constructed curriculum. The project involved case studies in…

Calder, Nigel; Brough, Chris

2013-01-01

303

Science Centres: A Resource for School and Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present a science centre established in Genoa on an agreement between Municipality of Genoa and Department of Physics of University of Genoa. The aim is to offer children, young people and community an opportunity to approach science in a playful way. The centre staffs guide the visitors through the exhibits, attracting their interests towards…

Pilo, Miranda; Mantero, Alfonso; Marasco, Antonella

2011-01-01

304

A Theoretical Basis of Communication-Centred Concurrent Programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce two different ways of describing communication-centric software in the form of formal calculi and discuss their relationship. Two differ- ent paradigms of description, one centring on global message flows an d another centring on local (end-point) behaviours, share the common feature, structured representation of communications . The global calculus originates from Chore- ography Description Language (CDL), a web

Marco Carbone; Kohei Honda; Nobuko Yoshida; Robin Milner; Gary Brown; Steve Ross-Talbot

305

Enhancing teacher's classroom practice through Teachers' Resource Centres (TRC)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Of late, there have been different arguments for and against short-term professional development courses. These short professional development courses are being conducted using different models or approaches for teacher professional development. One of these models is through Teachers' Resource Centres (TRCs). This is a study of a Teacher Resource Centre in Karachi. The purpose of the research was to study

Moshi Musa Mmanywa

2003-01-01

306

Recognizing a Centre of Excellence in Ontario's Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term "Centre of Excellence" is increasingly used by Ontario's colleges with the expectation of portraying a superior level of proficiency, expertise, or investment in a particular academic discipline or program cluster. This paper proposes that the term Centre of Excellence should have a clearer definition so that when one of Ontario's…

Litwin, Jeffrey M.

2012-01-01

307

Educational Development Centres: From Educational to Organisational Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper aims to investigate the role of educational development centres, and their potential for playing a broader and more central role in quality and organisational development. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on the results of three external evaluations of educational development centres in Denmark and Norway,…

Havnes, Anton; Stensaker, Bjorn

2006-01-01

308

Hip joint centre location: An ex vivo study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The human hip joint is normally represented as a spherical hinge and its centre of rotation is used to construct femoral anatomical axes and to calculate hip joint moments. The estimate of the hip joint centre (HJC) position using a functional approach is affected by stereophotogrammetric errors and soft tissue artefacts. The aims of this study were (1) to assess

Andrea Cereatti; Marco Donati; Valentina Camomilla; Fabrizio Margheritini; Aurelio Cappozzo

2009-01-01

309

Reaction centres: the structure and evolution of biological solar power  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reaction centres are complexes of pigment and protein that convert the electromagnetic energy of sunlight into chemical potential energy. They are found in plants, algae and a variety of bacterial species, and vary greatly in their composition and complexity. New structural information has highlighted features that are common to the different types of reaction centre and has provided insights into

Peter Heathcote; Paul K. Fyfe; Michael R. Jones

2002-01-01

310

Planning an multi-institutional Information for Development Study Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the processes followed in establishing an I4D Study Centre at the Meraka Institute (South Africa). The initiative started as a joint effort between the Meraka Institute (South Africa) and University of Eastern Finland (Finland). It is to be funded by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland and the University of Eastern Finland. The Centre's main objective

Andres MORENO; Erkki SUTINEN; Teemu H. LAINE; Marlien HERSELMAN; John ISAAC; Adele BOTHA; Thato FOKO

2010-01-01

311

National survey of the injury prevention activities of children's centres  

PubMed Central

Children's centres were established across England to provide a range of services including early education, social care and health to pre-school children and their families. We surveyed children's centres to ascertain the activities they were undertaking to prevent unintentional injuries in the under fives. A postal questionnaire was sent to a sample of children's centre managers (n?=?694). It included questions on current activities, knowledge and attitudes to injury prevention, health priorities and partnership working. Responses were received from 384 (56%) children's centres. Overall, 58% considered unintentional injury prevention to be one of the three main child health priorities for their centre. Over half the respondents (59%) did not know if there was an injury prevention group in their area, and 21% did not know if there was a home safety equipment scheme. Knowledge of how child injury deaths occur in the home was poor. Only 11% knew the major cause of injury deaths in children under five. Lack of both staff time and funding were seen as important barriers by children's centre staff to undertake injury prevention activities. Nearly all stated that training (97%) and assistance with planning injury prevention (94%) would be helpful to their centres. Children's centres need further support if they are to effectively tackle this important public health area.

Watson, Michael C; Mulvaney, Caroline A; Kendrick, Denise; Stewart, Jane; Coupland, Carol; Hayes, Mike; Wynn, Persephone

2014-01-01

312

Business process management in a Brazilian public research centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse how a Brazilian public research centre implemented business process management (BPM) highlighting the challenges of change that have to be dealt with in the stage developed by this organisation. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The first author of this paper accompanied the implementation of BPM in the research centre for 33 months in

Odemilson Fernando Sentanin; Fernando César Almada Santos; Charbel José Chiappetta Jabbour

2008-01-01

313

Different Images of Science at Nordic Science Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science centres aim to present science in ways that will attract visitors and enhance public interest in, and knowledge of, science. But what images and different aspects of science are visitors confronted with at Nordic science centres? This study aims to explore the different aspects of science that are displayed and the ways in which these…

Davidsson, Eva; Jakobsson, Anders

2007-01-01

314

Girls' Groups and Boys' Groups at a Municipal Technology Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the Swedish initiative of municipal technology centres from a gender point of view. These centres provide after-school technology education for children aged 6-16. By means of an ethnographic study, the effects of the use of single-sex groups in increasing the interest of girls and boys in technical activities have been…

Salminen-Karlsson, Minna

2007-01-01

315

Is "Object-Centred Neglect" a Homogeneous Entity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nature of object-centred (allocentric) neglect and the possibility of dissociating it from egocentric (subject-centred) forms of neglect are controversial. Originally, allocentric neglect was described by and in patients who reproduced all the elements of a multi-object scene, but left unfinished the left side of one or more of them. More…

Gainotti, Guido; Ciaraffa, Francesca

2013-01-01

316

Reducing cooling energy consumption in data centres and critical facilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Given the rise of our everyday reliance on computers in all walks of life, from checking the train times to paying our credit card bills online, the need for computational power is ever increasing. Other than the ever-increasing performance of home Personal Computers (PC's) this reliance has given rise to a new phenomenon in the last 10 years ago. The data centre. Data centres contain vast arrays of IT cabinets loaded with servers that perform millions of computational equations every second. It is these data centres that allow us to continue with our reliance on the internet and the PC. As more and more data centres become necessary due to the increase in computing processing power required for the everyday activities we all take for granted so the energy consumed by these data centres rises. Not only are more and more data centres being constructed daily, but operators are also looking at ways to squeeze more processing from their existing data centres. This in turn leads to greater heat outputs and therefore requires more cooling. Cooling data centres requires a sizeable energy input, indeed to many megawatts per data centre site. Given the large amounts of money dependant on the successful operation of data centres, in particular for data centres operated by financial institutions, the onus is predominantly on ensuring the data centres operate with no technical glitches rather than in an energy conscious fashion. This report aims to investigate the ways and means of reducing energy consumption within data centres without compromising the technology the data centres are designed to house. As well as discussing the individual merits of the technologies and their implementation technical calculations will be undertaken where necessary to determine the levels of energy saving, if any, from each proposal. To enable comparison between each proposal any design calculations within this report will be undertaken against a notional data facility. This data facility will nominally be considered to require 1000 kW. Refer to Section 2.1 'Outline of Notional data Facility for Calculation Purposes' for details of the design conditions and constraints of the energy consumption calculations.

Cross, Gareth

317

Visualization in a Climate Computing Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today, the extensive numerical simulations of climate models require elaborate visualization for understanding and communicating the results. Typical data sets of climate models are 3-dimensional, multivariate and time dependent, and can hence be very large. Interactive visual data analysis improves and accelerates the comprehension of these vast amounts of data. At DKRZ, the German Climate Computing Centre, a central high end visualization server, various domain specific visualization applications, and a remote 3D rendering solution enable users to interactively visualize their extensive model results right at their desktops. The DKRZ's visualization server is a heterogeneous Linux cluster, currently consisting of 10 state of the art visualization nodes equipped with 96 -256 GB RAM and high end NVidia GPUs. Since the parallel file system of the DKRZ's supercomputer is directly mounted over a powerful network, the model data can directly be analyzed and visualized. VirtualGL and TurboVNC are used for utilizing the server's GPUs for 3D rendering, while the TurboVNC client on the user's local computer continuously displays the resulting video stream. By using this central visualization server instead of a local computer, three main benefits are achieved: Time consuming transfers of large data sets from the supercomputer to the local computer are not needed. The hardware of the user's local workstation doesn't need to be powerful, no expensive GPU is required. Users don't have to install or buy visualization software. On the visualization server, a wide range of visualization software is installed. Avizo Green, a powerful commercial software customized for interactive 3D visualization of climate model data, is available, as well as SimVis and ParaView, which focus more on an exploratory visualization of data. SimVis and ParaView provide techniques like Linking & Brushing to emphasize or de-emphasize portions of the data. Furthermore, some domain specific 2D graphics software packages, like NCL and GrADS, as well as software for processing, manipulating and analyzing the data, such as the CDOs (Climate Data Operators), are also used on the DKRZ visualization server. This PICO will give an overview on the overall system and the techniques applied at DKRZ for the visualization of climate modeling results. Many examples are given to illustrate the types of applications.

Meier-Fleischer, Karin; Röber, Niklas; Böttinger, Michael

2014-05-01

318

Native NIR-emitting single colour centres in CVD diamond  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Single-photon sources are a fundamental element for developing quantum technologies, and sources based on colour centres in diamonds are among the most promising candidates. The well-known nitrogen vacancy centres are characterized by several limitations, and thus few other defects have recently been considered. In the present work, we characterize, in detail, native efficient single colour centres emitting in the near infra-red (? = 740–780 nm) in both standard IIa single-crystal and electronic-grade polycrystalline commercial chemical vapour deposited (CVD) diamond samples. In the former case, a high-temperature (T > 1000 °C) annealing process in vacuum is necessary to induce the formation/activation of luminescent centres with good emission properties, while in the latter case the annealing process has marginally beneficial effects on the number and performance of native centres in commercially available samples. Although displaying significant variability in several photo-physical properties (emission wavelength, emission rate instabilities, saturation behaviours), these centres generally display appealing photophysical properties for applications as single photon sources: short lifetimes (0.7–3 ns), high emission rates (?50–500 × 103 photons s?1) and strongly (>95%) polarized light. The native centres are tentatively attributed to impurities incorporated in the diamond crystal during the CVD growth of high-quality type-IIa samples, and offer promising perspectives in diamond-based photonics.

Gatto Monticone, D.; Traina, P.; Moreva, E.; Forneris, J.; Olivero, P.; Degiovanni, I. P.; Taccetti, F.; Giuntini, L.; Brida, G.; Amato, G.; Genovese, M.

2014-05-01

319

A certification/accreditation model for Haemophilia Centres in Italy  

PubMed Central

Background The Italian Association of Haemophilia Centres has developed a voluntary programme of professional accreditation of Haemophilia Centres, run by its members. Participation in the programme, which aims to foster staff involvement in clinical governance, includes both medical personnel and nurses. Materials and methods Accreditation is awarded provided the candidate Haemophilia Centre is able to adhere to a pre-established set of quality standards and meet a number of clinical and organisational requirements, previously defined on the basis of evidence-based medicine. Self-evaluation is the first step in the programme, followed by a site visit by a team of peer professionals experienced in quality auditing. Results The programme has so far involved 21 Italian Haemophilia Centres. The comparison between self- and peer-evaluation revealed less discrepancies for disease-related than for organisational requirements, the latter being met to a lesser degree by most Haemophilia Centres. Discussion This programme of professional accreditation developed by the Italian Association of Haemophilia Centres has the potential to describe, monitor and improve clinical and organisational performances in the management of patients with haemophilia and allied inherited coagulation disorders. It should also be seen as a contribution to the implementation of the strategy for improving professional governance in Haemophilia Centres.

Mannucci, Pier Mannuccio; Menichini, Ivana

2014-01-01

320

Chaotic quasi-collision trajectories in the 3-centre problem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study a particular kind of chaotic dynamics for the planar 3-centre problem on small negative energy level sets. We know that chaotic motions exist, if we make the assumption that one of the centres is far away from the other two (see Bolotin and Negrini, J Differ Equ 190:539-558, 2003): this result has been obtained by the use of the Poincaré-Melnikov theory. Here we change the assumption on the third centre: we do not make any hypothesis on its position, and we obtain a perturbation of the 2-centre problem by assuming its intensity to be very small. Then, for a dense subset of possible positions of the perturbing centre in {mathbb{R}^2} , we prove the existence of uniformly hyperbolic invariant sets of periodic and chaotic almost collision orbits by the use of a general result of Bolotin and MacKay (Celest Mech Dyn Astron 77:49-75, 77:49-75, 2000; Celest Mech Dyn Astron 94(4):433-449, 2006). To apply it, we must preliminarily construct chains of collision arcs in a proper way. We succeed in doing that by the classical regularisation of the 2-centre problem and the use of the periodic orbits of the regularised problem passing through the third centre.

Dimare, Linda

2010-08-01

321

Defect centres and thermoluminescence in SrS : Bi phosphor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermoluminescence (TL) and electron spin resonance studies have been carried out on SrS:Bi phosphor. The TL glow curve is broad and indicates a dominant peak at 120 degrees C with two additional peaks, not clearly resolved, appearing as shoulders at around 180 and 250 degrees C. Two defect centres are observed at room temperature. One of them is characterized by an isotropic g-value 2.0034 and is assigned to an F+ centre. Step annealing measurements indicate a possible association between the F+ centre and the three TL peaks.

Singh, V.; Tiwari, M.; Rao, T. K. G.

2004-11-01

322

University of British Columbia Centre for Plant Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of British Columbia (UBC) Centre for Plant Research website displays a simple, yet ambitious, mission statement: "To explore, explain, and maintain plant life on earth." The Centre is associated with the UBC Botanical Garden, and focuses on the following research themes: Evolution and Biodiversity; Evolutionary Genomics; Plant Biotechnology and Breeding; Plant Physiology and Biotic Interactions; and Phytochemistry. The Centre website links to information about faculty and research scientists, listings of selected publications, and brief summaries of ongoing research. The site's Resources section is geared specifically for researchers and connects to Forums, a Links Database, and a weblog. The site also lists postgraduate, postdoctoral, and employment opportunities when available.

323

Diagnostic and therapeutic ERCP: a large single centre’s experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Most large published series on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) are multicentrebased and consequently\\u000a reflect varying experience.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Aims  To assess morbidity and mortality rates of ERCP in a single tertiary referral centre.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A series of 1,758 consecutive ERCPs performed in 1,148 patients between 1991 and 1994 were reviewed to evaluate indications,\\u000a findings, procedures, success, complication and mortality rates.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  There were 1,108 (63%)

R. J. Farrell; N. Mahmud; N. Noonan; D. Kelleher; P. W. N. Keeling

2001-01-01

324

Sagittal plane ground reaction forces, centre of pressure and centre of mass in trotting horses.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were to measure ground reaction forces (GRFs) of concurrently loaded limbs and to evaluate spatial relationships between the centre of pressure (COP) and centre of mass (COM) in trotting horses. Kinematic (120Hz) and GRF data were collected at trot from three trials of eight horses using four force plates (960 Hz). Forelimb and hind limb GRFs were measured, COP was calculated from the resultant vertical GRF vector and COM was calculated by summation of weighted segmental COMs. Peak total vertical force (19.3 ± 1.3N/kg at 45.1 ± 2.3% diagonal stance) coincided with zero total longitudinal force (45.1 ± 2.4% stance). Initially, COP position corresponded with the fore or hind hoof of the diagonal that contacted the ground earlier. During diagonal overlap, COP position reflected forelimb contribution to total vertical GRF; it maintained a fairly constant position relative to the base of support through the middle part of stance, then moved cranially in the last third of stance towards the fore hoof, which was always the last hoof to leave the ground. The COM moved forward continuously; its longitudinal velocity decreased with the net braking force in early stance and increased with the net propulsive force in late stance. The COM was caudal to the COP in early stance, coincident at 35.8 ± 4.4% stance and was maximally ahead of the COP at 67.6 ± 4.8% stance. Changes in the spatial relationship between COP and COM affect the moment arms of the forelimb and hind limb vertical GRFs and their effect in generating a pitching torque around the COM. PMID:24138935

Hobbs, Sarah J; Clayton, Hilary M

2013-12-01

325

Project Earth Science: Physical Oceanography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Immerse your students in Earth's most abundant resource--water. Embark on a voyage of discovery as you steer your students through activities designed to teach them about currents, waves, and tides. From an understanding of the properties that make water unique, your students will get a global view of the marine environment, including the impact of human activities on the oceans. This book is one of four in NSTA's popular Project Earth Science series. The other books are Project Earth Science:Geology, Project Earth Science:Astronomy, and Project Earth Science:Meteorology .

Ford, Brent A.; Smith, P. S.

2000-01-01

326

Biological oceanography: Plastic plankton prosper  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Phytoplankton support most marine food webs, but little is known about their intraspecific diversity. Research shows the strains that are most responsive to changes in CO2 concentration may outcompete less flexible types in an acidifying ocean.

Hutchins, David

2013-03-01

327

Comparative oceanography of coastal lagoons  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The hypothesis that physical lagoon characteristics and variability depend on the channel connecting the lagoon to the adjacent coastal ocean is evaluated. The geographical, hydrological, and oceanographic characteristics of 10 lagoon systems are described and analyzed; these oceanographic features are utilized to classify the lagoon systems. Choked lagoons (Laguna Joyuda, Coorong, Lake St.Lucia, Gippsland Lakes, Lake Songkla/Thale Luang/Thale Noi, and Lagoa dos Patos) are prevalent on coasts with high wave energy and low tidal range; restricted lagoons (Lake Pontchartrain and Laguna de Terminos) are located on low/medium wave energy coasts with a low tidal range; and leaky lagoons (Mississippi Sound and Belize Lagoon/Chetumal Bay) are connected to the ocean by wide tidal passes that transmit oceanic effects into the lagoon with a minimum of resistance. The data support the hypothesis that the nature of the connecting channel controls system functions.

Kjerfve, Bjorn

1986-01-01

328

Environmental Projects at the Canada Centre for Remote Sensing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Presented in viewgraph format, current status and future plans of environmental projects at the CCRS (Canada Centre for Remote Sensing) were outlined. Topics addressed include: land cover change project; global change encyclopedia; boreal forest experimen...

R. Oneil

1990-01-01

329

Centre for Food Innovation -- Research Areas and Potential Projects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO) has entered into a collaborative research agreement with The University of Tasmania (UTAS) and CSIRO to work on areas of mutual interest in food science and technology within the recently formed Centr...

L. Bui P. Capela T. K. Hay

2013-01-01

330

[The mission of caregivers in an administrative detention centre].  

PubMed

Working as a nurse in a medical unit of an administrative detention centre is a choice. The work is made all the more complex by the context of confinement, the diversity of the languages and cultures and the undetermined duration of the detention. It is with a humanitarian approach that the nursing team of the Geispolsheim centre in Alsace deals every day with the health problems of vulnerable migrants confronted with insecurity and uncertainty. PMID:24881238

Boeckel, Martine; Durand, Elisabeth; Hifi, Cherifa; Lahmar, Saliha

2014-04-01

331

The Italian institutional accreditation model for Haemophilia Centres  

PubMed Central

Background In Italy, basic health needs of patients with inherited bleeding disorders are met by a network of 50 haemophilia centres belonging to the Italian Association of Haemophilia Centres. Further emerging needs, due to the increased life expectancy of this patient group, require a multi-professional clinical management of the disease and provide a challenge to the organisation of centres. In order to achieve harmonised quality standards of haemophilia care across Italian Regions, an institutional accreditation model for haemophilia centres has been developed. Material and methods To develop an accreditation scheme for haemophilia centres, a panel of experts representing medical and patient bodies, the Ministry of Health and Regional Health Authorities has been appointed by the National Blood Centre. Following a public consultation, a technical proposal in the form of recommendations for Regional Health Authorities has been formally submitted to the Ministry of Health and has formed the basis for a proposal of Agreement between the Government and the Regions. Results The institutional accreditation model for Haemophilia Centres was approved as an Agreement between the Government and the Regions in March 2013. It identified 23 organisational requirements for haemophilia centres covering different areas and activities. Discussion The Italian institutional accreditation model aims to achieve harmonised quality standards across Regions and to implement continuous improvement efforts, certified by regional inspection systems. The identified requirements are considered as necessary and appropriate in order to provide haemophilia services as “basic healthcare levels” under the umbrella of the National Health Service. This model provides Regions with a flexible institutional accreditation scheme that can be potentially extended to other rare diseases.

Calizzani, Gabriele; Candura, Fabio; Menichini, Ivana; Arcieri, Romano; Castaman, Giancarlo; Lamanna, Alessandro; Tamburrini, Maria R.; Fortino, Antonio; Lanzoni, Monica; Profili, Samantha; Pupella, Simonetta; Liumbruno, Giancarlo M.; Grazzini, Giuliano

2014-01-01

332

Nuclear Reaction Data Centre Network: A Success Story  

SciTech Connect

The Network of Nuclear Reaction Data Centres constitutes a worldwide cooperative effort of thirteen data centres that has provided nuclear data services to scientists for more than 30 years, under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency. All of the databases are extended, and the services are improved continuously using modern technologies to meet the needs of a wide range of nuclear applications and basic research.

Schwerer, O. [Nuclear Data Section, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); McLane, V. [National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States); Henriksson, H. [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Data Bank, Issy-les-Moulineaux (France); Maev, S. [Russia Nuclear Data Center, Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

2005-05-24

333

SAP-controlled TB cell interactions underlie germinal centre formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generation of long-term antibody-mediated immunity depends on the germinal centre reaction, which requires cooperation between antigen-specific T and B lymphocytes. In human X-linked lymphoproliferative disease and its gene-targeted mouse model, loss-of-function mutations in signalling lymphocyte activation molecule-associated protein (SAP, encoded by SH2D1a) cause a profound defect in germinal centre formation by an as yet unknown mechanism. Here, using two-photon intravital

Hai Qi; Jennifer L. Cannons; Frederick Klauschen; Pamela L. Schwartzberg; Ronald N. Germain

2008-01-01

334

Diabetes Mellitus following Paediatric Renal Transplantation: A Single Centre Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) has a variably reported incidence of 4–41% among adults and children. We describe our recent experience of four children with PTDM in a paediatric renal transplantation centre. Methods: We undertook a retrospective analysis of the glycaemic status of all paediatric patients undergoing renal transplantation at our centre in the 2-year study period. The clinical features

S. A. Sukthankar; M. A. Lewis; N. J. A. Webb; N. D. Plant; D. A. Price; C. M. Hall

2007-01-01

335

Notre Dame collaborates to establish new Palliative Care Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Sydney Campus has joined with The University of New South Wales (UNSW) to help establish a multidisciplinary academic centre in palliative care.\\u000aThis recently launched facility, the Cunningham Centre, will also be supported by St Vincents and Mater Health Sydney (SV&MHS) and the NSW Cancer Institute.\\u000aIt will be based at the Sacred Heart

Moira Saunders

2008-01-01

336

Identification of the ferroxidase centre of Escherichia coli bacterioferritin.  

PubMed Central

The bacterioferritin (BFR) of Escherichia coli takes up iron in the ferrous form and stores it within its central cavity as a hydrated ferric oxide mineral. The mechanism by which oxidation of iron (II) occurs in BFR is largely unknown, but previous studies indicated that there is ferroxidase activity associated with a site capable of forming a dinuclear-iron centre within each subunit [Le Brun, Wilson, Andrews, Harrison, Guest, Thomson and Moore (1993) FEBS Lett. 333, 197-202]. We now report site-directed mutagenesis experiments based on a putative dinuclear-metal-ion-binding site located within the BFR subunit. The data reveal that this dinuclear-iron centre is located at a site within the four-alpha-helical bundle of each subunit of BFR, thus identified as the ferroxidase centre of BFR. The metal-bound form of the centre bears a remarkable similarity to the dinuclear-iron sites of the hydroxylase subunit of methane mono-oxygenase and the R2 subunit of ribonucleotide reductase. Details of how the dinuclear centre of BFR is involved in the oxidation mechanism were investigated by studying the inhibition of iron (II) oxidation by zinc (II) ions. Data indicate that zinc (II) ions bind at the ferroxidase centre of apo-BFR in preference to iron (II), resulting in a dramatic reduction in the rate of oxidation. The mechanism of iron (II) oxidation is discussed in the light of this and previous work.

Le Brun, N E; Andrews, S C; Guest, J R; Harrison, P M; Moore, G R; Thomson, A J

1995-01-01

337

A relational conceptual framework for multidisciplinary health research centre infrastructure  

PubMed Central

Although multidisciplinary and team-based approaches are increasingly acknowledged as necessary to address some of the most pressing contemporary health challenges, many researchers struggle with a lack of infrastructure to facilitate and formalise the requisite collaborations. Specialised research centres have emerged as an important organisational solution, yet centre productivity and sustainability are frequently dictated by the availability and security of infrastructure funds. Despite being widely cited as a core component of research capacity building, infrastructure as a discrete concept has been rather analytically neglected, often treated as an implicit feature of research environments with little specification or relegated to a narrow category of physical or administrative inputs. The terms research infrastructure, capacity, and culture, among others, are deployed in overlapping and inconsistent ways, further obfuscating the crucial functions of infrastructure specifically and its relationships with associated concepts. The case is made for an expanded conceptualisation of research infrastructure, one that moves beyond conventional 'hardware' notions. Drawing on a case analysis of NEXUS, a multidisciplinary health research centre based at the University of British Columbia, Canada, a conceptual framework is proposed that integrates the tangible and intangible structures that interactively underlie research centre functioning. A relational approach holds potential to allow for more comprehensive accounting of the returns on infrastructure investment. For those developing new research centres or seeking to reinvigorate existing ones, this framework may be a useful guide for both centre design and evaluation.

2010-01-01

338

Experience building and operating the CMS Tier-1 computing centres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The CMS Collaboration relies on 7 globally distributed Tier-1 computing centres located at large universities and national laboratories for a second custodial copy of the CMS RAW data and primary copy of the simulated data, data serving capacity to Tier-2 centres for analysis, and the bulk of the reprocessing and event selection capacity in the experiment. The Tier-1 sites have a challenging role in CMS because they are expected to ingest and archive data from both CERN and regional Tier-2 centres, while they export data to a global mesh of Tier-2s at rates comparable to the raw export data rate from CERN. The combined capacity of the Tier-1 centres is more than twice the resources located at CERN and efficiently utilizing this large distributed resources represents a challenge. In this article we will discuss the experience building, operating, and utilizing the CMS Tier-1 computing centres. We will summarize the facility challenges at the Tier-1s including the stable operations of CMS services, the ability to scale to large numbers of processing requests and large volumes of data, and the ability to provide custodial storage and high performance data serving. We will also present the operations experience utilizing the distributed Tier-1 centres from a distance: transferring data, submitting data serving requests, and submitting batch processing requests.

Albert, M.; Bakken, J.; Bonacorsi, D.; Brew, C.; Charlot, C.; Huang, Chih-Hao; Colling, D.; Dumitrescu, C.; Fagan, D.; Fassi, F.; Fisk, I.; Flix, J.; Giacchetti, L.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Gowdy, S.; Grandi, C.; Gutsche, O.; Hahn, K.; Holzman, B.; Jackson, J.; Kreuzer, P.; Kuo, C. M.; Mason, D.; Pukhaeva, N.; Qin, G.; Quast, G.; Rossman, P.; Sartirana, A.; Scheurer, A.; Schott, G.; Shih, J.; Tader, P.; Thompson, R.; Tiradani, A.; Trunov, A.

2010-04-01

339

Assuring optimal trauma care: the role of trauma centre accreditation  

PubMed Central

Optimal care of the injured patient requires the delivery of appropriate, definitive care shortly after injury. Over the last 30 to 40 years, civilian trauma systems and trauma centres have been developed in the United States based on experience gained in military conflicts, particularly in Korea and Vietnam. A similar process is evolving in Canada. National trauma committees in the US and Canada have defined optimal resources to meet the goal of rapid, appropriate care in trauma centres. They have introduced programs (verification or accreditation) to externally audit trauma centre performance based on these guidelines. It is generally accepted that implementing trauma systems results in decreased preventable death and improved survival after trauma. What is less clear is the degree to which each facet of trauma system development contributes to this improvement. The relative importance of national performance guidelines and trauma centre audit as integral steps toward improved outcomes following injury are reviewed. Current Trauma Association of Canada guidelines for trauma centres are presented and the process of trauma centre accreditation is discussed.

Simons, Richard; Kirkpatrick, Andrew

2002-01-01

340

Etudes de site du Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires du CNESTEN. (Studies of the CNESTEN's Nuclear Research Centre).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The different steps of the methodology applied to the site selection of Maamora's Nuclear Research Centre, within a 20 km wide coastal band preliminarily fixed between Kenitra and Casablanca cities, are outlined: delimitation of potential zones, identific...

R. Alami

1988-01-01

341

Sources of variation in multi-centre brain MTR histogram studies: body-coil transmission eliminates inter-centre differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Object: 1. Identify sources of variation affecting Magnetisation Transfer Ratio (MTR) histogram reproducibility between-centres. 2. Demonstrate complete elimination of inter-centre difference.\\u000a Materials and methods: Six principle sources of variation were summarised and analysed. These are:the imager coil used for radiofrequency (RF) transmission, imager stability, the shape and other parameters describing the Magnetisation Transfer (MT) pulse, the MT sequence used (including

P. S. Tofts; S. C. A. Steens; M. Cercignani; F. Admiraal-Behloul; P. A. M. Hofman; M. J. P. van Osch; W. M. Teeuwisse; D. J. Tozer; J. H. T. M. van Waesberghe; R. Yeung; G. J. Barker; M. A. van Buchem

2006-01-01

342

When and Why Do Young People in the United Kingdom First Use Sexual Health Services?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nicole Stone is a research fellow, and Roger Ingham is direc- tor, both at the Centre for Sexual Health Re- search, University of Southampton, High- field, Southampton, United Kingdom. CONTEXT: Many young people think about and take steps to obtain adequate protection only after having sexual in- tercourse for the first time. Consequently, they are at increased risk of unintended

Nicole Stone; Roger Ingham

2003-01-01

343

Climatology of the oceanography in the northern South China Sea Shelf-sea (NoSoCS) and adjacent waters: Observations from satellite remote sensing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By using the observations from multiple satellite sensors, the climatology of the oceanography, including the surface wind vector, sea surface temperature (SST), surface chlorophyll a concentration (Chl_a), and vertically integrated net primary production (PPeu), in the northern South China Sea Shelf-sea (NoSoCS) and adjacent waters is evaluated. Regional and sub-regional mechanisms in driving the coastal processes, which influence the spatial and temporal distributional patterns in water component, are assessed. Seasonal vertical convective mixing by wind and surface heating/cooling is the primary force in driving the annual changes in SST and Chl_a in the open South China Sea (SCS), in which highly negative correlation coefficients between Chl_a and SST and moderately positive correlation coefficients between Chl_a and wind speed are found. Together, the seasonal variations in SST and wind speed account for about 80% of the seasonal variation in Chl_a. In the NoSoCS as a whole, however, the contribution is reduced to about 40%, primarily due to the effect of the Pearl River plume. A tongue of water extending eastward from the mouth of the River into the middle shelf with positive correlation coefficients between Chl_a and SST and around zero or slightly negative correlation coefficients between Chl_a and wind is the most striking feature in the NoSoCS. The westward and eastward propagations of the Pearl River plume are both very small during the northeast monsoonal season, driven primarily by the Coriolis effect. The abrupt increase in the areal coverage of the River plume, which is much more pronounced in the eastward propagation, between June and August can be attributed to the prevailing southwest monsoon as well as the annual peak of the river flow. Coastal upwelling is another sub-regional phenomenon in the NoSoCS. The upwelling at the shelf edge off the Taiwan Bank may be characterized by its elevated Chl_a. Its areal coverage and average Chl_a do not vary greatly from month to month. The upwelling off the Hainan Island during the southwest monsoonal season may be characterized by its depression in SST. Its areal coverage reaches the maximum in July. Quantitatively characterizing the upwelling off Dongshan during the southwest monsoonal season is difficult and is not attempted here. The sub-regional phenomenon, activities of internal waves off the shelf break, is also assessed. Internal waves can reach the entire outer shelf- upper slope of the NoSoCS where they undergo transformation and even destruction, resulting in the depression in SST and the enhancement in Chl_a. The effect is more pronounced north of the Dongsha Atoll.

Pan, X.; Wong, G. T.; Tai, J.; Ho, T.

2013-12-01

344

Deep-Towed Sidescan Sonar Studies of Amagmatic Spreading Centres: the Mid-Atlantic Ridge at 13N  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In areas of sparse magmatism, plate separation is accommodated predominately by tectonic processes, which is often observed in the form of long-lived detachment faults exhuming lower crustal rocks and mantle peridotites to the seafloor. During research cruise JC007, a number of these oceanic core complexes (OCCs) recently identified by Smith et al. (2006) along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) were imaged using the National Oceanography Centres Towed Ocean Bottom Instrument (TOBI). Sidescan sonar data were collected across two active OCCs at 1320N and 1330N and one inactive OCC at 1350N, including the intervening regions. We made extensive use of 3-D Fledermaus visualisations during our interpretations, and will include these in our presentation. The sidescan sonar data show distinct similarities between the two active OCCs. They both appear as large domal detachment surfaces being exhumed from beneath the ridge axis that are capped by a complexly deformed central massif and volcanic ridge at the breakaway (as suggested by Smith et al, 2006). The structures extend for c.20km off axis and c.10km along axis, and the detachment faults are characterised by large-scale spreading-parallel bathymetric corrugations and fine scale striations (interpreted as streams of basalt derived from tectonic erosional screes imaged at the terminations). The hanging walls above the zones of emergence of the detachment faults exhibit faulting that appears to trend from the ridge axis (N and S of the OCC) towards the spreading direction (at the OCC). The neo-volcanic zones along the ridge axis are apparently absent opposite active OCC formation, which is likely indicative of predominately tectonic spreading. In the regions between the active OCCs, sidescan sonar imagery shows a clear neo-volcanic zone at the ridge axis, indicating robust magmatic plate separation and accretion. The extinct OCC is characterised by heavy sediment cover over a much shallower detachment surface, presumably due to rotation and subsequent termination of the footwall. References Smith, D.K., Cann, J.R. & Escartin, J. Widespread active detachment faulting and core complex formation near 13N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Nature, v.442/27, p.440-443, 2006.

Mallows, C.; Searle, R. C.; Party, J. S.

2007-12-01

345

Multiple personalities of the RNA polymerase active centre.  

PubMed

Transcription in all living organisms is accomplished by highly conserved multi-subunit RNA polymerases (RNAPs). Our understanding of the functioning of the active centre of RNAPs has transformed recently with the finding that a conserved flexible domain near the active centre, the trigger loop (TL), participates directly in the catalysis of RNA synthesis and serves as a major determinant for fidelity of transcription. It also appears that the TL is involved in the unique ability of RNAPs to exchange catalytic activities of the active centre. In this phenomenon the TL is replaced by a transcription factor which changes the amino acid content and, as a result, the catalytic properties of the active centre. The existence of a number of transcription factors that act through substitution of the TL suggests that the RNAP has several different active centres to choose from in response to external or internal signals. A video of this Prize Lecture, presented at the Society for General Microbiology Annual Conference 2014, can be viewed via this link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=79Z7iXVEPo4. PMID:24763425

Zenkin, Nikolay

2014-07-01

346

F-centre luminescence in nanocrystalline CeO2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanocrystalline CeO2 powders were synthesized by two cost-effective methods: the self-propagating room temperature (SPRT) method and the precipitation method. Differently prepared samples exhibited different temperature-dependent photoluminescence (PL) in the ultraviolet and visible regions. The PL signals originated from different kinds of oxygen-deficient defect centres with or without trapped electrons (F0, F+ or F++ centres). The temperature-dependent PL spectra were measured using different excitation lines, below (457, 488 and 514 nm) or comparable (325 nm) to the ceria optical band gap energy, in order to investigate the positions of intragap localized defect states. Evidence for the presence of F+ centres was supported by the signals observed in electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements. Based on PL and EPR measurements it was shown that F+ centres dominate in the CeO2 sample synthesized by the SPRT method, whereas F0 centres are the major defects in the CeO2 sample synthesized by the precipitation method. The luminescence from F++ states, as shallow trap states, was registered in both samples. Energy level positions of these defect states in the ceria band gap were proposed.

Aškrabi?, S.; Doh?evi?-Mitrovi?, Z. D.; Araújo, V. D.; Ionita, G.; de Lima, M. M., Jr.; Cantarero, A.

2013-12-01

347

Word-centred neglect dyslexia: evidence from a new case.  

PubMed

Neglect dyslexia resulting from damage to word-centred representations is extremely rare. We report on a new case. A left-handed subject, SVE, presented with aphasia and neglect dyslexia/dysgraphia following a right hemisphere stroke. In tachistoscopic reading tasks, some of his errors resulted from retina-centred neglect, as he responded more accurately to words flashed in the left visual field than to words flashed in the right visual field. However, the critical aspects of his reading performance indicated word-centred neglect. SVE incorrectly produced the initial elements of four-letter words, regardless of stimulus location (to the left and to the right of fixation, or at fixation), and orientation (horizontal and vertical presentation). A similar distribution of errors was demonstrated in writing (very inaccurate performance on initial letters). This pattern of performance suggests damage to an abstract letter string representation defined by spatial coordinates, rather than to an ordering mechanism. It is most naturally accommodated by models of word recognition which assume a word-centred level of representation, and cannot be explained by models which do not include such a representational level. Consideration of our subject in the light of other similar reports prompts hypotheses on the neural mechanisms involved in computing word-centred representations. PMID:11459918

Miceli, G; Capasso, R

2001-01-01

348

Anatomy of ridge discontinuities, transform fault and overlapping spreading centre, at the slow spreading sedimented Andaman Sea Spreading Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Transform faults are the major discontinuities and define the main segment boundaries along spreading centres but their anatomy is poorly understood because of their complex seafloor morphology, even though they are observed at all types of spreading centres. Here, we present high-resolution seismic reflection images across the sedimented Andaman Sea Transform Fault where the sediments record the faulting and allow studying the evolution of the transform fault both in space and time. Furthermore, sediments allow the imaging of the faults down to the Moho depth that provides insight on the interplay between tectonic and magmatic processes. On the other hand, overlapping spreading centres (OSC) are small-scale discontinuities, possibly transient, and are observed only along fast or intermediate spreading centres. Exceptionally, an overlapping spreading centre is present at the slow spreading Andaman Sea Spreading Centre, which, we suggest, is due to the presence of thick sediments that hamper the efficient hydrothermal circulation allowing magma to stay much longer in the crust at different depths, and up to close to the segment ends, leading to the development of an overlapping spreading. The seismic reflection images across the OSC indicate the presence of large magma bodies in the crust. Seismic images also provide images of active faults allowing to study the link between faulting and magmatism. Interestingly, an earthquake swarm occurred at propagating limb of the OSC in 2006, after the great 2004 Andaman-Sumatra earthquake of Mw=9.3, highlighting the migration of the OSC westward. In this paper, we will show seismic reflection images and interpret these images in the light of bathymetry and earthquake data, and provide the anatomy of the ridge discontinuities along the slow spreading sedimented Andaman Sea Spreading Centre.

Jourdain, A.; Singh, S. C.; Klinger, Y.

2013-12-01

349

The International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy is sponsored by a range of international organizations, including the World Bank and the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance. The primary directive of the Centre's website is "to facilitate policy learning through the international exchange of knowledge and information concerning public policy and career development issues." On their site, visitors can look over sections titled "Policy & Research", "Symposia", "Forums", and "Resources". A good way to get started is to check out the "Policy & Research" area. Here visitors can find information about topics that include the Centre's work on expanding access to educational guidance, improving career information, and assessing educational effectiveness in partner countries. After that, visitors can look through the "Categories" listing on the left side of the homepage to look for materials on everything from "Algeria" to "Training and Qualifications".

350

Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The web page of the Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing at Swinburne University of Technology of Melbourne, Australia provides links to news articles and information on research programs and educational programs for university students and the general public. There is also information on the Centre's education and outreach programs, including Swinburne Astronomy Online (SAO), which concentrates on fundamental concepts and key issues in contemporary astronomy for amateur astronomers, educators and communicators, people working in related fields, and the general public. Other materials include Cosmos, an online astronomy encyclopedia for general audiences; information on AstroTours, 3D virtual tours of astronomical objects and phenomena; and information on SpaceWorks, the Centre's commercial arm for combining projection and visualization technology with educational content.

351

The Centre for the Study of Global Governance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1992 at the London School of Economics and Political Science, the Centre for the Study of Global Governance with a substantial grant from the Maurice Laing and Rufford Foundations. As the website notes, the centre's mission is "to inquire into the origins and nature of urgent problems facing the globe, to inform by way of public lectures, seminars, and discussion, and to influence agencies and organizations engaged in seeking and implementing solutions to these urgent problems." From the homepage, visitors can learn about the various leaders and fellows at the Centre, learn about ongoing research projects on global civil society and other topics, and view selected discussion papers and transcripts of public lectures. Some of the rather compelling papers available for consideration here address topics as diverse as the role of international criminal prosecutions in reconstructing divided communities and the impact of globalization in southeastern European countries.

352

University of Papua New Guinea (UPNG) Remote Sensing Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Papua New Guinea (UPNG) Remote Sensing Centre offers "access to remotely sensed satellite data and GIS products concerned with land-cover and land-use in Papua New Guinea." The website summarizes a few of the Centre's research projects for both the government and the private sector. Researchers can find 1:50,000 scale data of the coastline of Papua New Guinea and descriptions of the Centre's 20- and 90-meter DEMs (digital elevation models). After installing an ECW plug-in, the Mapping Portal allows individuals to create maps from a wide variety of data layers including satellite imagery, mining areas, and slopes. Students and educators can find a brief overview of GIS (geographic information systems) technology and its importance in an array of problems.

353

Complete quantum control of exciton qubits bound to isoelectronic centres.  

PubMed

In recent years, impressive demonstrations related to quantum information processing have been realized. The scalability of quantum interactions between arbitrary qubits within an array remains however a significant hurdle to the practical realization of a quantum computer. Among the proposed ideas to achieve fully scalable quantum processing, the use of photons is appealing because they can mediate long-range quantum interactions and could serve as buses to build quantum networks. Quantum dots or nitrogen-vacancy centres in diamond can be coupled to light, but the former system lacks optical homogeneity while the latter suffers from a low dipole moment, rendering their large-scale interconnection challenging. Here, through the complete quantum control of exciton qubits, we demonstrate that nitrogen isoelectronic centres in GaAs combine both the uniformity and predictability of atomic defects and the dipole moment of semiconductor quantum dots. This establishes isoelectronic centres as a promising platform for quantum information processing. PMID:24875932

Ethier-Majcher, G; St-Jean, P; Boso, G; Tosi, A; Klem, J F; Francoeur, S

2014-01-01

354

Centre of Excellence For Simulation Education and Innovation (CESEI).  

PubMed

Simulation is becoming an integral part of medical education. The American College of Surgeons (ACS) was the first organization to recognize the value of simulation-based learning, and to award accreditation for educational institutions that aim to provide simulation as part of the experiential learning opportunity. Centre of Excellence for Simulation Education and Innovation (CESEI) is a multidisciplinary and interprofessional educational facility that is based at the University of British Columbia (UBC) and Vancouver Costal Health Authority (VCH). Centre of Excellence for Simulation Education and Innovation's goal is to provide excellence in education, research, and healthcare delivery by providing a technologically advanced environment and learning opportunity using simulation for various groups of learners including undergraduate, postgraduate, nursing, and allied health professionals. This article is an attempt to describe the infrastructure, services, and uniqueness of the Centre of Excellence for Simulation Education and Innovation. PMID:20816366

Qayumi, A Karim

2010-01-01

355

Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines (STICERD) is an economic organization based at the London School of Economics and Political Science in London, England. Founded by Suntory Limited and the Toyota Motor Company Limited of Japan, STICERD hosts a variety of workshops and lectures, and offers financial help to postgraduates and outside research programs. Their Website includes information on STICERD-funded economic programs as well as selected abstracts and full-text discussion papers by the Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (1997-present), the Distributional Analysis Research Programme (1997-present), Econometrics (1998-present), and Theoretical Economics Series (1998-present), among other publication series.

356

NIWI: Medical Information Centre of the Library KNAW  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Medical Information Centre offers article title, journal title, and key word searches of a much larger set of medical articles (taken from approximately 750 biomedical journals), and allows users to order (for a fee) copies of the articles in print, HTML, or email form. Numerous links to other websites, newsgroups, discussion groups, and email lists as well as a database (currently under construction) that will allow users to search for Internet medical resources, make the Medical Information Centre a great starting point for the netizen with an interest in medicine.

1996-01-01

357

Stakeholder perceptions of a nurse led walk-in centre  

PubMed Central

Background As many countries face primary care medical workforce shortages and find it difficult to provide timely and affordable care they seek to find new ways of delivering first point of contact health care through developing new service models. In common with other areas of rural and regional Australia, the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is currently experiencing a general practitioner (GP) workforce shortage which impacts significantly on the ability of patients to access GP led primary care services. The introduction of a nurse led primary care Walk-in Centre in the ACT aimed to fulfill an unmet health care need in the community and meet projected demand for health care services as well as relieve pressure on the hospital system. Stakeholders have the potential to influence health service planning and policy, to advise on the potential of services to meet population health needs and to assess how acceptable health service innovation is to key stakeholder groups. This study aimed to ascertain the views of key stakeholders about the Walk-in Centre. Methods Stakeholders were purposively selected through the identification of individuals and organisations which had organisational or professional contact with the Walk-in Centre. Semi structured interviews around key themes were conducted with seventeen stakeholders. Results Stakeholders were generally supportive of the Walk-in Centre but identified key areas which they considered needed to be addressed. These included the service's systems, full utilisation of the nurse practitioner role and adequate education and training. It was also suggested that a doctor could be available to the Centre as a source of referral for patients who fall outside the nurses' scope of practice. The location of the Centre was seen to impact on patient flows to the Emergency Department. Conclusion Nurse led Walk-in Centres are one response to addressing primary health care medical workforce shortages. Whilst some stakeholders have reservations about the model others are supportive and see the potential the model has to provide accessible primary health care. Any further developments of nurse-led Walk-in Centres need to take into account the views of key stakeholders so as to ensure that the model is acceptable and sustainable.

2012-01-01

358

User satisfaction with commuter walk-in centres.  

PubMed

Pilot commuter walk-in centres have been located close to national rail stations in major English cities, provided by private healthcare companies for the NHS, and offering access to doctors and nurses. This study used a survey to evaluate user satisfaction levels with this new service. Thirty-three per cent (1828/5574) of users completed a questionnaire. Centres demonstrated high levels of user satisfaction (69% 'very satisfied', 95% confidence interval = 58% to 79%) overall, but satisfaction was lower for some aspects of care such as waiting times. PMID:20875252

Coster, Joanne; O'Cathain, Alicia; Nicholl, Jon; Salisbury, Chris

2009-12-01

359

User satisfaction with commuter walk-in centres  

PubMed Central

Pilot commuter walk-in centres have been located close to national rail stations in major English cities, provided by private healthcare companies for the NHS, and offering access to doctors and nurses. This study used a survey to evaluate user satisfaction levels with this new service. Thirty-three per cent (1828/5574) of users completed a questionnaire. Centres demonstrated high levels of user satisfaction (69% ‘very satisfied’, 95% confidence interval = 58% to 79%) overall, but satisfaction was lower for some aspects of care such as waiting times.

Coster, Joanne; O'Cathain, Alicia; Nicholl, Jon; Salisbury, Chris

2009-01-01

360

Luminescent properties of bismuth centres in aluminosilicate optical fibres  

SciTech Connect

The shape and spectral position of the luminescence bands of bismuth-doped aluminosilicate glass fibres are shown to depend on excitation power and wavelength. This indicates that the red and IR luminescence bands are composed of several components. The absorption and radiative transitions involved are identified, and a diagram of energy levels and transitions is obtained for four modifications of a bismuth centre in different environments in the aluminosilicate glass network. The effect of local environment on the optical properties of the bismuth centres is examined. (optical fibres and waveguides)

Bulatov, Lenar I [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Mashinskii, Valerii M; Dvoirin, Vladislav V; Dianov, Evgenii M [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Kustov, Evgenii F [Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-02-28

361

International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Criminal Justice Policy A joint initiative of the University of British Columbia, Simon Frasier University, and the Society for the Reform of Criminal Law, the International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy web site provides links to Internet resources relating to criminal law. There are plans to make the Centre's papers and reports available in HTML format; most are currently available as either plain-text or Microsoft Word files. Subjects of the papers range from aboriginal justice to sentencing and corrections. There are links to the other organizations that participate in the United Nations Online Crime and Justice Clearinghouse.

1997-01-01

362

Evidence for melano-macrophage centres of teleost as evolutionary precursors of germinal centres of higher vertebrates: an immunohistochemical study.  

PubMed

The melano-macrophage centres (MMCs) of the haemolymphopoietic organs of teleost fish trap and retain antigens and are closely associated with immunoglobulin-secreting cells. The hypothesis that they are the phylogenetic precursors of the germinal centres of higher vertebrates has been questioned due to their apparent lack of organising cells. In this study the immunoreactivity of MMC cells from spleen and kidney of the teleosts Cyprinus carpio, Odontesthes bonariensis and Solea senegalensis to CNA-42, an antibody usually employed for labelling follicular dendritic cells of higher vertebrates was investigated. Free melano-macrophages and MMCs in the spleens of all three species were labelled by the antibody. This finding adds new evidence to the hypothesis that an evolutionary relationship exists between the MMCs of fish and the germinal centres of many birds and mammals. PMID:16533606

Vigliano, Fabricio A; Bermúdez, Roberto; Quiroga, Maria Isabel; Nieto, José María

2006-10-01

363

Recent results in silicon photonics at the University of Southampton  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we will discuss recent results in our work on Silicon Photonics. This will include active and passive devices for a range of applications. Specifically we will include work on modulators and drivers, deposited waveguides, multiplexers, device integration and Mid IR silicon photonics. These devices and technologies are important both for established applications such as integrated transceivers for short reach interconnect, as well as emerging applications such as disposable sensors and mass market photonics.

Reed, G. T.; Mashanovich, G. Z.; Gardes, F. Y.; Thomson, D. J.; Hu, Y.; Soler-Penades, J.; Nedeljkovic, M.; Khokhar, A. Z.; Thomas, P.; Littlejohns, C.; Ahmad, A.; Reynolds, S.; Topley, R.; Mitchell, C.; Stankovic, S.; Owens, N.; Chen, X.; Wilson, P. R.; Ke, L.; Ben Masaud, T. M.; Tarazona, A.; Chong, H.

2014-03-01

364

Teachers' Centres and the Changing Curriculum, A Report on Three National Conferences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a report of three conferences concerned with teacher centres in England and Wales. It concentrates on the major points of agreement and disagreement among the participants concerning teacher centres. The major points of agreement were: that the main concern of the centres was with development work that was local, that the centres existed…

Britton, E. L.

365

Selecting the location of distribution centre in logistics operations: A conceptual framework and case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the outcomes of a study of the choice of location for distribution centres in logistics operations. A conceptual frame work of location selection for distribution centre is worked out through three main stages. At the first stage, a general geographical area for distribution centre is identified based on the Centre of Gravity principle, taking into consideration socio-economic

Vinh Van Thai; Devinder Grewal

2005-01-01

366

Training Leisure Centre Instructors: Client Motivational Profiles Examined  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To investigate the motivations of clients attending leisure centres/clubs. It is noted that training programmes for instructors tend to neglect this, particularly in relation to the gender and age of clients. Design/methodology/approach: In this study 460 recreational athletes including equal numbers of males and females in the two age…

Kniveton, Bromley H.

2005-01-01

367

Al-Manakh. Language Centre Journal, Volume 4, Number 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of a journal devoted primarily to teaching English as a second language to engineering students contains the following articles: (1) "The Contribution of Educational Technology to ELT [English Language Teaching]" by Mike Laflin; (2) "Looking Again at Student-Centred Study Skills" by Andrew E. Seymour; (3) "Troublesome English T" by…

Al Manakh, Journal of The Language Centre, 1980

1980-01-01

368

Ireland's Emergence as a Centre for Internationally Traded Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grimes S. (2006) Ireland's emergence as a centre for internationally traded services, Regional Studies40, 1–14. Although researchers examining the internationalization of service activity emphasize the need to see it as a holistic process because of the interdependency between production and services, conceptualization of the internationalization process to date has been constrained by the common tendency to focus on specialist service

Seamus Grimes

2006-01-01

369

Physical Activity Promotion in Call Centres: Employers' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study followed a predominantly qualitative approach to explore the perspectives of employers in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, call centres (CCs) regarding physical activity (PA) promotion in workplaces, by identifying current practices and employers' motivation to promote PA, as well as perceived facilitators and barriers. In-depth interviews…

Renton, Sheila J.; Lightfoot, Nancy E.; Maar, Marion A.

2011-01-01

370

Teaching and Assessment for an Organisation-Centred Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to discuss the teaching and assessment strategies for an organisation-centred curriculum. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on a case study. Data were collected from interviews and a focus group with worker-learners enrolled in a Graduate Certificate in Education (Educational Leadership) course. Findings: The…

Choy, Sarojni

2009-01-01

371

Working with Street Children: A Child-Centred Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the theoretical approaches that espouse a child-centred approach in intervening with street children. It focuses on two major themes, namely the rights of the child and client self-determination as proposed by Adler (Corey, 2001). The discussion acknowledges that providing street children with opportunities to participate in…

Veeran, Vasintha

2004-01-01

372

An African-Centred Approach to Land Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approaches to environmental education which are engaging with place and critical pedagogy have not yet broadly engaged with the African world and insights from Africana Studies and Geography. An African-centred approach facilitates people's reconnection to places and ecosystems in ways that do not reduce places to objects of conquest and…

Engel-Di Mauro, Salvatore; Carroll, Karanja Keita

2014-01-01

373

Stereocontrol by quaternary centres: a stereoselective synthesis of (-)-luminacin D.  

PubMed

Very high diastereoselectivity can be achieved by 1,3-chelation-controlled allylation of aldehydes that possess a non-chelating ?-ether substituent, even if the ?-position is a quaternary centre and/or a spiro-epoxide. This reaction was used as a key step in an enantioselective synthesis of the angiogenesis inhibitor luminacin?D. PMID:24519660

Bartlett, Nathan; Gross, Leona; Péron, Florent; Asby, Daniel J; Selby, Matthew D; Tavassoli, Ali; Linclau, Bruno

2014-03-17

374

Final Report and Recommendations on Regional Computing Centre Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Draft Report of the Joint Ad Hoc Subcommittee on Regional Computing Centres of the Committee of Presidents of Universities of Ontario made a tentative recommendation that a regional computer center should be developed for the use of Ontario universities. However, on further investigation it was found that such a computer center would be…

Committee of Presidents of Universities of Ontario, Toronto.

375

Toward a Student-Centred Process of Teaching Arithmetic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a way toward a student-centred process of teaching arithmetic, where the content is harmonized with the students' conceptual levels. At school start, one classroom teacher is guided in recurrent teaching development meetings in order to develop teaching based on the students' prerequisites and to successively learn the…

Eriksson, Gota

2011-01-01

376

Eyes wide shut? Querying the depth of call centre learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Call centres are high-pressure work environments characterised by routinisation, scripting, computer-based monitoring and intensive performance targets. This promises a series of business advantages, but also risks counterproductive outcomes. Drawing on evidence from ethnographic field data, it is suggested that both desired and risked outcomes are mediated by personal modes of coping and organisational sustaining mechanisms. A central concern is to

Maeve Houlihan

2000-01-01

377

Language experiences of preverbal children in Australian childcare centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the language experiences of preverbal infants in Australian childcare centres with the aim of examining cultural regulation within the childcare context. Language is defined as a social and communicative act that is related to the development of voluntary action (Vygotsky 1962; Lock 1980; Leontiev 1994). The study uses naturalistic observations of language and communication as a method

Berenice Nyland

2009-01-01

378

Constraints to promoting people centred approaches in recycling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public participation is considered the touchstone for the success of recycling schemes. In recognition of this, the trend in recycling policy and legislation is geared towards promoting people centred approaches in recycling with public education as the main driver towards increasing public participation. Most of the time, these initiatives do not take into consideration the perceptions and attitudes of the

Benjamin Bolaane

2006-01-01

379

Developing new approaches for people-centred development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jockin Arputham founded the National Slum Dwellers Federation in India and is president of Slum\\/Shack Dwellers International (SDI). This paper describes Jockin's life and work and the many different methods he has used to fight eviction and get government support for people-centred development over the last 40 years. This includes the long fight to protect Janata colony in Mumbai from

Jockin Arputham

2008-01-01

380

Automation of (64)Cu production at Turku PET Centre.  

PubMed

At Turku PET Centre automation for handling solid targets for the production of (64)Cu has been built. The system consists of a module for moving the target from the irradiation position into a lead transport shield and a robotic-arm assisted setup for moving the target within radiochemistry laboratory. The main motivation for designing automation arises from radiation hygiene. PMID:24607531

Elomaa, Viki-Veikko; Jurttila, Jori; Rajander, Johan; Solin, Olof

2014-07-01

381

The Shell Science Centre Curriculum Extension Programme 1987-1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum extension program (CEP) of the Shell Science Centre provided group tutoring to small groups of secondary school pupils using qualified teachers. This evaluation report presents articles discussing various aspects of the program and its effectiveness. The first article by A. Ziervogel provides a review of the program. The following…

Ziervogel, A., Comp.; Lewy, A., Ed.

382

Towards a person-centred cognitive behaviour therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Person-centred therapy was developed by Carl Rogers [?Journal of Consulting Psychology 21, 97–103 (1957); On becoming a person, Boston: Houghton Mifflin (1961)] and focuses on the importance of the therapeutic relationship for effective therapy. Rogers identified three necessary and sufficient conditions that are related to a positive outcome in therapy. These are: acceptance of the client, accurate empathy and congruence

Nina Josefowitz; David Myran

2005-01-01

383

Clients’ experiences of relational depth in person-centred counselling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored clients’ experiences of relational depth using a qualitative methodology. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 participants who had been clients of predominately person-centred counselling. Participants were asked to focus on specific moments which they had experienced as relational depth. The clients’ descriptions of those experiences showed some similarity to therapists’ descriptions, including feelings of aliveness, realness, and

Rosanne Knox

2008-01-01

384

Teledentistry in inner-city child-care centres.  

PubMed

In Rochester, NY, telehealth centres were established in six inner-city elementary schools and seven child-care centres. The teledentistry project complemented the existing telehealth model. Using an intraoral camera, telehealth assistants record digital images of children's teeth (768 x 494 pixels) and send the images to a computer at the expert dental site (the Eastman Department of Dentistry at the University of Rochester). The paediatric dentist at the expert site reviews the images, and provides referral and treatment recommendations. Subsequently, the telehealth assistant contacts the child's parents or guardians and assists them to obtain appropriate dental care for their child. In the pilot study, we screened 50 children. In the first nine months of 2005, we screened 123 children. The results of our initial teledental screenings of children aged 12-48 months attending inner-city child-care centres revealed that almost 40% had active dental caries, mainly early childhood caries (ECC). For the first time, many children attending inner-city child-care centres have had their teeth examined at an early age and been given prompt feedback on the need for dental care. PMID:16774697

Kopycka-Kedzierawski, Dorota T; Billings, Ronald J

2006-01-01

385

Novel stellarator configuration with double helix centre post  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel stellarator configuration, the double helix stellarator (DHS), is introduced. It is produced by a double helix centre post and has many unique characteristics. Among them are extreme low plasma aspect ratios, A approx 1, significant rotational transform and extreme-high-beta MHD equilibria. Other advantages include a high enclosed volume, absence of noticeable magnetic islands and improved particle transport caused

P. E. Moroz

1998-01-01

386

Novel stellarator configuration with double helix centre post  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel stellarator configuration, the double helix stellarator (DHS), is introduced. It is produced by a double helix centre post and has many unique characteristics. Among them are extreme low plasma aspect ratios, A ? 1, significant rotational transform and extreme-high-? MHD equilibria. Other advantages include a high enclosed volume, absence of noticeable magnetic islands and improved particle transport caused

P. E. Moroz

1998-01-01

387

Hip joint centre localisation with an unscented Kalman filter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accurate estimation of the hip joint centre (HJC) in gait analysis and in computer assisted orthopaedic procedures is a basic requirement. Functional methods, based on rigid body localisation, assessing the kinematics of the femur during circumduction movements (pivoting) have been used for estimating the HJC. Localising the femoral segment only, as it is usually done in total knee replacement

Elena De Momi; Elisa Beretta; Giancarlo Ferrigno

2012-01-01

388

Effects of hip joint centre mislocation on gait analysis results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods to determine the hip joint centre (HJC) location are necessary in gait analysis. It has been demonstrated that the methods proposed in the literature involve large mislocation errors. The choice should be made according to the extent by which HJC location errors distort the estimates of angles and resultant moments at the hip and knee joints. This study aimed

Rita Stagni; Alberto Leardini; Aurelio Cappozzo; Maria Grazia Benedetti; Angelo Cappello

2000-01-01

389

New insights, new challenges; person centred transport design.  

PubMed

This paper uses the Hexagon Spindle model of ergonomics to provide a framework for the development of person centred approaches to vehicle and transport design. The benefits of taking this approach, and the factors that might be included under a more inclusive definition of automotive and Transport ergonomics are explained. PMID:22317474

Woodcock, Andree

2012-01-01

390

A User-Centred Design and Evaluation of IR Interfaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a user-centred design and evaluation methodology for ensuring the usability of IR interfaces. The methodology is based on sequentially performing: a competitive analysis, user task analysis, heuristic evaluation, formative evaluation and a summative comparative evaluation. These techniques are described, and their application…

Ahmed, S. M. Zabed; McKnight, Cliff; Oppenheim, Charles

2006-01-01

391

Early-type stars towards the Galactic Centre (Dufton+, 1999)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have begun a search for early-type stars towards the galactic centre which are potentially young objects situated within the inner few kiloparsecs of the disk. U and V (or I) band photographic photometry from the UK Schmidt Telescope has been obtained to identify the bluest candidates in nineteen Schmidt fields (centred close to the galactic centre). We have spectroscopically observed these targets for three fields with the FLAIR multi-fibre system to determine their spectral types. In particular, ten early B-type stars have been identified and equivalent width measurements of their Balmer and HeI lines have been used to estimate atmospheric parameters. These early-type objects have magnitudes in the range 11.5=centre. Future high-resolution spectroscopy of these stars will provide reliable atmospheric parameters and element abundances, in order to map the current chemical composition of the inner galaxy. (5 data files).

Dufton, P. L.; Smartt, S. J.; Hambly, N. C.

2000-04-01

392

Student-Centred Pedagogy in Turkey: Conceptualisations, Interpretations and Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to explore recent curricular reforms to advocate student-centred pedagogy (SCP) in primary schools in Turkey. By using a case study approach, the article examines teacher views on SCP, classroom practices and perceived challenges in implementation process. The study highlights some of the unintended consequences of…

Altinyelken, Hulya Kosar

2011-01-01

393

Constructing Learning Spaces? Videoconferencing at Local Learning Centres in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores videoconferencing in the context of local learning centres in Sweden. The practice is described as a "learning space" in which adult learners construct socio-spatial relations. The study goes beyond a sociological apprehension of actors and opposes the idea of the material as neutral, passive and conformed by practice. On the…

Logdlund, Ulrik

2010-01-01

394

An Extended Cyberhunts Strategy: Learner Centred Learning-by-Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to introduce to the education community to a newly developed "Learner Centred Learning-By-Designing Extended Cyberhunts" (LCLBDEC) strategy for teaching and learning in schools. The main focus of the strategy is to enable learners to become designers of an educational tool which assists them to learn during the design…

du Plessis, Andre; Webb, Paul

2011-01-01

395

Minimum fire alarm sound pressure level for elder care centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some building occupants cannot hear the activated fire alarm nor can they recognize the alarm, although the fire alarm system has been installed to the acceptable standard. Measurements of fire alarm sound pressure levels (SPLs) in five elder care centres showed that the sound output of a fire alarm can be depreciated after installation. The alarm level of a new

L. T. Wong; L. K. Leung

2005-01-01

396

Evaluation of the Centres of Excellence in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents an evaluation of the centres of excellence in higher education in Finland. This approach is an example of enhancement-led evaluation aiming to improve the long-term development of education. The study presents the Degree Programme in Civil Engineering of the Turku University of Applied Sciences, which was awarded the…

Kettunen, Juha Matti

2011-01-01

397

Student Experience of a Scenario-Centred Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2006 UCL implemented new scenario-centred degree programmes in Civil and Environmental Engineering. The new curriculum can be characterised as a hybrid of problem-based, project-based and traditional approaches to learning. Four times a year students work in teams for one week on a scenario which aims to integrate learning from lecture and…

Bell, Sarah; Galilea, Patricia; Tolouei, Reza

2010-01-01

398

Introduction of ICT and Multimedia into Cambodia's Teacher Training Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the integration of ICT in the teacher training centres of Cambodia. It focuses on the collaboration between the Teacher Training Department of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MoEYS) of Cambodia and VVOB (Flemish Association for Development Cooperation and Technical Assistance), which is aimed at improving ICT…

Dionys, David

2012-01-01

399

Staffordshire University Lichfield Centre--From Vision to Reality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Staffordshire University Lichfield Centre (SULC) as a partnership program formed in response to the changing environment of UK higher education and the needs of the local economy. States that SULC aims to provide lifelong learning opportunities to local people and businesses, specializing in business, computing and information…

Birch, C. J.

2000-01-01

400

Business process modelling, simulation and reengineering: call centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a flexible framework through which business processes can be modelled, simulated and reengineered in a cost-effective way. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper is mainly based on a review of the literature and the methodology is discussed in the context of a typical call centre business. Findings – Reengineering business processes involve

Razvi Doomun; Nevin Vunka Jungum

2008-01-01

401

VOLCANIC CLOUD CONCEPTUAL MODELS FOR VOLCANIC ASH ADVISORY CENTRE OPERATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre operations are hampered by limited ground-based monitoring, imperfect remote sensing, and few reliable direct observations. These issues are fundamental and must be addressed to improve the warning service. However, it is also essential to maximise our use of the information available. A basic approach to factual uncertainty in operational meteorology is to develop conceptual models and

Andrew Tupper; Gerald Ernst; Christiane Textor; Kisei Kinoshita; J. Scott Oswalt; Daniel Rosenfeld

402

University-Industry Interaction in the Ontario Centres of Excellence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and enhancement of alliances among universities, industry, and government is widely seen as a prescription for strengthening the competitiveness of regional and national economies. The interaction of university and industrial scientists is examined, and whether the creation of Ontario's Centres of Excellence should serve as a model…

Bell, Stephen

1996-01-01

403

The application of knowledge management in call centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper proposes to evaluate the need for knowledge management in a call centre for improving quality of customer services, by addressing the issues specifically relating to information and knowledge management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Methodology adopted in this research is qualitative, namely ethnography. After examining six models from literature review, a knowledge management model is developed for implementation to

S. C. L. Koh; A. Gunasekaran; A. Thomas; S. Arunachalam

2005-01-01

404

The Bearspaw Centres--Calgary's Alternative to Formal Suspension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the two Calgary Bearspaw Centres (separate classrooms staffed by a teacher-counselor and an attendance counselor) that have successfully provided an alternative to formal student suspension for inappropriate behavior since 1979. Describes referral, interview, and classroom procedures; types of students served; daily schedule; class…

Jones, S. James

1985-01-01

405

Sampling duration effects on centre of pressure summary measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of sample duration on the magnitude and reliability of centre of pressure (COP) summary measures commonly used to characterize the control of upright stance. COP was recorded from 49 participants who stood quietly during three consecutive 120 s trials. Each record was subdivided into 15, 30, 60 and 120

Mark G Carpenter; James S Frank; David A Winter; Gerhard W Peysar

2001-01-01

406

Management of Institutions on the Example of Student Centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student centres in the Republic of Croatia act as non-profit public institutions whose founders are universities and polytechnics. Their activity is to organize food and accommodation, temporary and occasional employment of students, and cultural, sports and other activities. They are not the state budget users nor are they financed by their universities founders either. The Ministry of Science supports students

Antun Marinac; Ivica Culo; Lidija Pernar

2009-01-01

407

SPILL STRUCTURE MEASUREMENTS AT THE HEIDELBERG ION THERAPY CENTRE  

Microsoft Academic Search

A specially designed accelerator facility for tumour irradiation located at the Heidelberg University Hospital was built up, the commissioning is still ongoing. Technically the Heidelberg Ion Therapy Centre (HIT) fully relies on the three dimensional intensity-controlled raster scan technique developed at GSI. This method demands for smoothly extracted ion beams (from protons to oxygen) from the HIT synchrotron. For this

A. Peters; R. Cee; T. Hoffmann; A. Reiter; M. Schwickert; T. Winkelmann

408

Empowerment, patient centred care and self-management.  

PubMed

Background? Patient or person centred care is widely accepted as the philosophy and practice that underpins quality care. An examination of the Australian National Chronic Disease Strategy and literature in the field highlights assumptions about the self-manager as patient and a focus on clinical settings. Objective and Conclusion? This paper considers patient or person centred care in the light of empowerment as it is understood in the health promotion charters first established in Alma Ata in 1977. We argue that patient or person centred care can be reconfigured within a social justice and rights framework and that doing so supports the creation of conditions for well-being in the broader context, one that impacts strongly on individuals. These arguments have broader implications for the practice of patient centred care as it occurs between patient and health professional and for creating shared responsibility for management of the self. It also has implications for those who manage their health outside of the health sector. PMID:22212306

Pulvirenti, Mariastella; McMillan, John; Lawn, Sharon

2014-06-01

409

Exhibiting Performance: Co-Participation in Science Centres and Museums  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing commitment within science centres and museums to deploy computer-based exhibits to enhance participation and engage visitors with socio-scientific issues. As yet, however, we have little understanding of the interaction and communication that arises with and around these forms of exhibits, and the extent to which they do indeed…

Meisner, Robin; vom Lehn, Dirk; Heath, Christian; Burch, Alex; Gammon, Ben; Reisman, Molly

2007-01-01

410

Is 'object-centred neglect' a homogeneous entity?  

PubMed

The nature of object-centred (allocentric) neglect and the possibility of dissociating it from egocentric (subject-centred) forms of neglect are controversial. Originally, allocentric neglect was described by Gainotti, D'Erme, Monteleone & Silveri (1986) and Gainotti, Messerli, & Tissot (1972) in patients who reproduced all the elements of a multi-object scene, but left unfinished the left side of one or more of them. More recently, however, Karnath, Mandler, and Clavagnier (2011) have claimed that the severity of allocentric neglect worsens when a complex 'object' shifts from an ipsilesional to a contralesional egocentric position. On the basis of these and of other clinical data, showing that allocentric and egocentric neglect are strongly associated, they have questioned the possibility of dissociating these two forms of neglect, suggesting that egocentric and allocentric neglect constitute different manifestations of the same disturbed system. Since these statements were inconsistent with the clinical findings which had prompted the construct of object-centred neglect, we checked in a group of right brain-damaged patients, who had copied the original multi-object scene, if the degree of neglect for the left side of figures varied as a function of their position on the horizontal axis. Furthermore, we reviewed all papers where copies of other multi-object scenes had been reported. Results of both studies failed to confirm the assumption of a relationship between spatial location of the stimulus and severity of object-centred neglect. This discrepancy between our data and those obtained by Karnath et al. (2011) could be due to the characteristics of stimuli and of procedures used to evaluate 'object-centred' neglect. If the stimulus is complex and the task requires its thorough exploration, the spatial location of the stimulus will influence the severity of 'object-centred neglect'. If, on the contrary, the stimulus is simple and can be identified with few eye fixations, the spatial location of the stimulus should not influence the severity of 'object-centred neglect'. In any case, our data confirm the possibility of dissociating allocentric from egocentric neglect. PMID:23164730

Gainotti, Guido; Ciaraffa, Francesca

2013-02-01

411

The dynamics of the cat retinal X cell centre.  

PubMed Central

1. The dynamics of the centre mechanism of individual cat X retinal ganglion cells is investigated. The visual stimuli consist of temporal contrast modulation of stationary patterns. In order to study the response of the centre mechanism, patterns were either sine gratings of high spatial frequency or small circular spots positioned over the receptive-field centre. 2. Responses to contrast reversal are approximately linear. However, as the modulation depth of the stimulus increases, responses become more transient. Ganglion cell responses show this phenomenon at moderate contrasts (e.g. 0.1), which do not elicit discharges that approach the maximum firing rate of the ganglion cell. 3. A sequence of dynamical models are constructed from responses elicited by sum-of-sinusoids modulation of the spatial pattern. The first model is strictly linear. It consists of a series of low-pass filters and a single high-pass filter. The linear model predicts the approximate shape of the step response, but does not account for the change in shape of the response as a function of modulation depth. 4. The second model, a quasi-linear model, allows the 'linear' dynamics to vary slowly with a neural measure of contrast. The main effect of high contrast is a shorter time constant in the high-pass filter. This model accounts qualitatively for the increased transience of the response, but fails to predict the magnitude of the effect at higher modulation depths. 5. In the third model, the transfer characteristics of the centre response adjust rapidly as contrast changes. This intrinsically non-linear model provides excellent agreement with observed response to steps and more complex modulation patterns. 6. The non-linearity necessitated by a voltage-to-spikes transduction is analysed quantitatively. In most ganglion cells, a simple truncation at 0 impulses/s (and no saturation) explains the changes in apparent gain and mean firing rate that occur as modulation depth is increased. A non-linear voltage-to-spike transduction per se cannot account for the observed effect of contrast on dynamics. 7. The parameters of the dynamical model are measured for a population of twenty-seven X ganglion cells (nineteen on-centre and eight off-centre). The low-pass stage and the strength of the high-pass stage are relatively uniform across the population. The over-all gain and the dynamics of the high-pass stage vary substantially across the population, but show no consistent dependence on the on-off distinction or on retinal location. Some implications of this variability for retinal function are discussed.

Victor, J D

1987-01-01

412

The Contribution of OLG Data and Analysis Centre to EPOS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

OLG (Observatory Lustbuehel Graz) as a joint venture of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and the Federal Office of Metrology and Surveying works as a GNSS data centre and analyses GNSS data for reference maintenance, geokinematics and ionosphere research. Due to the change from epoch to permanent sites regions in Africa, Asia and Europe are investigated since 1995. Presently, observations from about 300 GNSS stations are used for analysis. Most of the stations are public and are retrieved from different global, regional and local data centres. In addition some institutions provide their private data to the OLG. After presenting the main regions Austria, Central Europe, the Eastern Mediterranean and the Western Indian Ocean the question will be how these data and products could be included into EPOS.

Stangl, Günter; Krauss, Sandro

2013-04-01

413

VO-Paris Data Centre (VO-PDC)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The VO-Paris Data Centre (VO-PDC) is a new data centre that gathers ten laboratories in the Paris area (GEPI, IAP, IMCCE, LATMOS, LERMA, LESIA, LPMAA, LUTH, SYRTE, USN). It is specialized in the development of Virtual Observatory services. The objective of this federation is to build a sustainable infrastructure to offer high quality diffusion services to the community. It gives also the opportunity to promote exchanges and to share expertise on the development of VO services between scientists and computer engineers. VO-PDC is a multidisciplinary data center. Its main axes are atomic and molecular physics, VO-Theory, planetology and solar physics. It also develops several services concerning the diffusion of traditional astronomical data, catalogues, as well as geodesy services.

Le Petit, F.; Aboudarham, J.; Thuillot, W.; Le Sidaner, P.; Alimi, J.-M.; Désert, J.; Barache, C.; Berthier, J.; Boisson, C.; Bouquillon, S.; Combes, F.; Delahaye, F.; Deleflie, F.; Di Matteo, P.; Domisse, L.; Dubernet, M.-L.; Erard, S.; Gambis, D.; Guibert, J.; Haigron, R.; Hennebelle, P.; Jégouzo, I.; Henry, F.; Heydari-Malayeri, M.; Languignon, D.; Lambert, S.; Mamon, G.; Melchior, A.-L.; Normand, J.; Martin, J. M.; Moreau, N.; Pérault, M.; Rasera, Y.; Roueff, E.; Roy, F.; Royer, F.; Sahal-Bréchot, S.; Sarkissian, A.; Sartoretti, P.; Schneider, J.; Semelin, B.; Tajahmady, F.; Theureau, G.; Zolotukhin, I.; Zw"olf, C.-M.

2012-09-01

414

Providing treatment for hepatitis C in an Australian district centre  

PubMed Central

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) poses a major public health problem world wide. The introduction of combined therapy (interferon and ribavirin) and the recent development of pegylated interferon have offered the opportunity to alter the natural history of HCV, potentially reducing morbidity and mortality. Until recently, treatment has been confined to larger Australian cities. This paper describes the establishment of a clinic for the treatment of HCV in a regional Australian city. The facilities of the sexual health clinic were utilised. Factors contributing to the success of the clinic include the specialist nurse, a multidisciplinary approach, and the service model of shared care with general practitioners. The patient population and the outcomes of managing HCV in a regional centre are described. The sustained viral response rate is comparable to the published data from specialist centres.

Ewart, A; Harrison, L; Joyner, B; Safe, A

2004-01-01

415

European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Given their affiliation with the United Nations, it is not surprising that the European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research is well-known for their ambitious work on such topics as affordable housing, social integration, and disability welfare. While their homepage is a bit difficult to navigate at first, it does contain an all-inclusive âÂÂsearchâ function, along with easy access to their in-house newsletter. After browsing around a bit, visitors may wish to proceed to the âÂÂResearch Areasâ section. Here they can take a look through some of their thematic research areas (such as labor markets and migrations), view a list of recent publications, and learn about the researchers working in each area. As might be expected, the Centre also sponsors a number of conventions and meetings, and visitors can also find out about these activities here, if they so desire.

416

Zoonotic infection with Chlamydia psittaci at an avian refuge centre.  

PubMed

This paper reports the zoonotic transmission of Chlamydia psittaci at a wild bird refuge centre resulting in the infection of members of the staff. Pharyngeal swabs were culture positive in 26% (11/42) of the sampled birds, and molecular characterisation of isolates revealed genotypes A, B, D, and E/B. The finding reflects multiple distinct infections and highlights the endemic nature of this pathogen in avian wildlife. Two clinically normal birds being prepared for release were found to be excreting C. psittaci genotype B or E/B and viable genotype B was detected in pharyngeal swabs from 30% (3/10) of the human workers tested. The findings suggest there should be enhanced surveillance and control measures in place in bird rehabilitation centres in order to minimise the risk of both zoonoses and of re-introduction of infection back into wildlife populations. PMID:24326117

Kalmar, Isabelle D; Dicxk, Veerle; Dossche, Liesbeth; Vanrompay, Daisy

2014-02-01

417

ERCOMER: European Research Centre on Migration and Ethnic Relations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ERCOMER is a university-based research institute devoted to the specialist study of migration and ethnic relations at a European level. The site offers information on research activities, funding, publications, training activities, meetings, and professional networking activities. Two important links from the ERCOMER site lead to EDCOMER, the European Documentation Centre and Observatory on Migration and Ethnic Relations, and the excellent and well established WWW Virtual Library on Migration and Ethnic Relations. Merger, the center's newsletter, is also available online.

1997-01-01

418

A unit of luminous flux: Mario Botta's Centre Dürrenmatt, Neuchâtel  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the Centre Dürrenmatt Neuchâtel (CDN), which opened in 2000, as the site of a ‘dialogue’ between the ideas and practice of Switzerland's best-known Italian-speaking architect and designer, Mario Botta (1943–), and the country's best-known German-speaking playwright, Friedrich Dürrenmatt (1921–1990). The CDN becomes a double portrait of two Swiss artists, separated by parole but not Sprache. Both felt

Andreas Luescher

2007-01-01

419

Migraine Increases Centre-Surround Suppression for Drifting Visual Stimuli  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThe pathophysiology of migraine is incompletely understood, but evidence points to hyper-responsivity of cortical neurons being a key feature. The basis of hyper-responsiveness is not clear, with an excitability imbalance potentially arising from either reduced inhibition or increased excitation. In this study, we measure centre-surround contrast suppression in people with migraine as a perceptual analogue of the interplay between inhibition

Josephine Battista; David R. Badcock; Allison M. McKendrick; David C. Burr

2011-01-01

420

Reliability-centred maintenance applied to power plant auxiliaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Availability of auxiliary equipment for coal-based power plants is very important for the achievement of maximum generation and the improvement of plant load factor (PLF). In this context a realistic maintenance programme based on plant-specific failure data will help to achieve an optimum performance level. Reliability-centred maintenance (RCM) is a recent technique which is limited to a few areas and

S. Srikrishna; G. S. Yadava; P. N. Rao

1996-01-01

421

The University of Queensland - The Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis is an interdisciplinary research and service facility dedicated to an understanding of the structure and composition of all materials at atomic, molecular, cellular and macromolecular scales." The web site features a variety of material science investigations. Researchers can learn about partaking in electron microscopy online, instrument reservations, and training. The website furnishes images and descriptions about the Center's many instruments, including transmission and scanning microscopes.

422

Carbon--Carbon Bond Formation at Dinuclear Metal Centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fischer--Tropsch synthesis of hydrocarbons probably involves an array of carbon--carbon bond-formation processes occurring to unite carbene, carbyne, alkyl, olefin, and related species on a metal surface. In seeking to understand the nature of such processes, model diruthenium complexes have been prepared and the products of their thermolysis and reactions with unsaturated hydrocarbons investigated. The combination at a diruthenium centre

R. E. Colborn; A. F. Dyke; S. A. R. Knox; Kirsty A. MacPherson; K. A. Mead; A. G. Orpen; J. Roue; P. Woodward

1982-01-01

423

Odin observations of H2O in the Galactic Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Odin satellite has been used to detect emission and absorption in the 557-GHz H216O line in the Galactic Centre towards the Sgr Astar Circumnuclear Disk (CND), and the Sgr A +20 km s-1 and +50 km s-1 molecular clouds. Strong broad H2O emission lines have been detected in all three objects. Narrow H2O absorption lines are present at all

Aa. Sandqvist; P. Bergman; J. H. Black; R. Booth; V. Buat; C. L. Curry; P. Encrenaz; E. Falgarone; P. Feldman; M. Fich; H. G. Floren; U. Frisk; M. Gerin; E. M. Gregersen; J. Harju; T. Hasegawa; Å. Hjalmarson; L. E. B. Johansson; S. Kwok; B. Larsson; A. Lecacheux; T. Liljeström; M. Lindqvist; R. Liseau; K. Mattila; G. F. Mitchell; L. Nordh; M. Olberg; A. O. H. Olofsson; G. Olofsson; L. Pagani; R. Plume; I. Ristorcelli; F. v. Schéele; G. Serra; N. F. H. Tothill; K. Volk; C. D. Wilson; A. Winnberg

2003-01-01

424

Polarimetry Data Reduction at the Joint Astronomy Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ORAC-DR is an automated data-reduction pipeline that has been used for on-line data reduction for infrared imaging, spectroscopy, and integral-field-unit data at UKIRT; sub-millimetre imaging at JCMT; and infrared imaging at AAT. It allows for real-time automated infrared and submillmetre imaging polarimetry and spectropolarimetry data reduction. This paper describes the polarimetry data-reduction pipelines used at the Joint Astronomy Centre, highlighting their flexibility and extensibility.

Cavanagh, B.; Jenness, T.; Currie, M. J.

2005-12-01

425

The Canadian Climate Centre Spectral Atmospheric General Circulation Mode1  

Microsoft Academic Search

A general description of the Canadian Climate Centre atmospheric general circulation mode1 ispresented. The mode1 includes, either in explicit orparametricform, a11 of the physical processes deemed important for long-term climate simulations. Detailed descriptions of the methods used to represent these processes are presented. Selected resultsfrom test runs with the mode1 arepresented to illustrate its sensitivity to some aspects of the

G. J. Boer; N. A. McFarlane; R. Laprise; J. D. Henderson; J.-P. Blanchet

1984-01-01

426

A New Acoustic Test Facility at Alcatel Space Test Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the obsolescence of its acoustic test facility, Alcatel Space has initiated the investment of a large acoustic chamber on its test centre located in Cannes, south of France. This paper presents the main specification elaborated to design the facility, and the solution chosen : it will be located on a dedicated area of the existing test centre and will be based on technical solution already used in similar facilities over the world. The main structure consists in a chamber linked to an external envelope (concrete building) through suspension aiming at decoupling the vibration and preventing from seismic risks. The noise generation system is based on the use of Wyle modulators located on the chamber roof. Gaseous nitrogen is produced by a dedicated gas generator developed by Air-Liquide that could deliver high flow rate with accurate pressure and temperature controls. The control and acquisition system is based on existing solution implemented on the vibration facilities of the test centre. With the start of the construction in May 2004, the final acceptance tests are planned for April 2005, and the first satellites to be tested are planned for May 2005.

Meurat, A.; Jezequel, L.

2004-08-01

427

Demonstrable professionalism: linking patient-centred care and revalidation.  

PubMed

The move by the Medical Board of Australia to commence a conversation with the medical profession about revalidation reflects that patient-centred care is at the heart of good medical practice. Patients judge their doctors' commitment to them based on whether their individual interactions with doctors meet their needs. We argue that ensuring that doctors are continuing to perform at a level that the community regards as acceptable is a demonstration of an individual doctor's professionalism and thus their commitment to patient-centred care. This impacts on the profession as a whole, which needs to commit to what we call 'demonstrable professionalism'--the ongoing and active demonstration of performance that the community regards as acceptable. This needs to be supported by organisations in which doctors work, reflecting the importance of organisational context to clinical practice. Revalidation processes thus need both to reflect the work of doctors and be meaningful to the community. The move to consider revalidation of doctors by regulatory authorities should not be seen by the profession as a threat, but more as an opportunity to demonstrate the profession's commitment to patient-centred care. PMID:24237650

Phelps, G; Dalton, S

2013-11-01

428

Assessment of low attendance at primary health care centre.  

PubMed

The study was conducted at 11 (eleven) randomly selected villages of Rupganj Upazila in order to find out the way to promote Primary Health Care. 1186 household heads and 11 physicians interviewed for the purpose. The study revealed that more than 54.14 percent of the study population were suffering from various diseases and only 4 percent of the patients attended Primary Health Care Centre/Complex. 52% of the patients were not satisfied by the service of Primary Health Care Centre/Complex. Want of medicine, lack of good physicians and doctors, carelessness about the patients constituted the principal causes of unsatisfactory treatment. The comparative distribution of opinion of household heads and physicians about non-attendance to Primary Health Care Centres by patients is statistically insignificant (P less than 0.05) which implies that the opinions are more or less the same. Both household heads and physicians opined that supply of sufficient medicine, equipment, improvement of health education and more budget allocations are essential to make the Primary Health Care service effective. PMID:1841596

Ali, S M; Paramanik, M A; Khan, M N; Samad, A

1991-10-01

429

The SDO data centre at IDOC/MEDOC in France  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The IDOC/MEDOC centre at the Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS, Université Paris 11/CNRS) has a long experience in solar data archiving and distribution, including almost 15 years of data from SOHO, STEREO and TRACE. The center is now expanding its activity and becoming a Pˆle Thématique Solaire of the CNES and INSU/CNRS. Part of the new activities of the centre will be linked to the arrival of the enormous volume of the new SDO data. The center will be one of the three European centers to receive and redistribute the data to the community. It will also be the only European site to permanently store about 10% of the data (mainly from AIA). In continuity with its previous activities, SDO data will be included in the data visualization tool FESTIVAL and it will provide new services, like tools for the solar feature identification (filaments, EUV intensity fluctuations). We will present an overview of the facilities and activities of the centre in relation to the SDO data.

Parenti, Susanna; Bocchialini, Karine; Soubrie, Elie; Auchere, Frederic; Ballans, Herv; Buchlin, Eric; Gabriel, Alan; Mercier, Claude; Poulleau, Gilles; Vial, Jean-Claude

430

Infrared diffuse interstellar bands in the Galactic Centre region.  

PubMed

The spectrum of any star viewed through a sufficient quantity of diffuse interstellar material reveals a number of absorption features collectively called 'diffuse interstellar bands' (DIBs). The first DIBs were reported about 90 ?years ago, and currently well over 500 are known. None of them has been convincingly identified with any specific element or molecule, although recent studies suggest that the DIB carriers are polyatomic molecules containing carbon. Most of the DIBs currently known are at visible and very near-infrared wavelengths, with only two previously known at wavelengths beyond one micrometre (10,000 ångströms), the longer of which is at 1.318?micrometres (ref. 6). Here we report 13 diffuse interstellar bands in the 1.5-1.8 micrometre interval on high-extinction sightlines towards stars in the Galactic Centre. We argue that they originate almost entirely in the Galactic Centre region, a considerably warmer and harsher environment than where DIBs have been observed previously. The relative strengths of these DIBs towards the Galactic Centre and the Cygnus OB2 diffuse cloud are consistent with their strengths scaling mainly with the extinction by diffuse material. PMID:22048316

Geballe, T R; Najarro, F; Figer, D F; Schlegelmilch, B W; de la Fuente, D

2011-11-10

431

The science centre movement in India: a conspectus.  

PubMed

The present article is about the development of the science museum net in India started in 1956, when the government of that country created the Industry and Technology Museum in Calcutta. In the 1960's and 1970's, due to the need of simple programs for rural communities and small villages, the idea of Mobile Science Exhibits (MSE) started. In order to take universal scientific concepts to those who could not visit museums, the Museobus was projected. At that time, the educational focus in museums changes from exhibiting artifacts to encouraging learning through "doing". The Exploratorium in San Francisco influenced the approach of museums in India. While the first Science Centre was built in Mumbai, the Planning COmmission of the Indian government created a task force to study the development of Sciences Museums. In 1978, the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM) was created as an independent institution, which later became part of the Ministry of Education and Social Welfare. Twenty-five years after the creation of the Council, the movement for informal science teaching had acquired a solid background. In 1978, their priority was to expand the net of science Centres and Museums. Now, the priority is to achieve better quality and more efficient communication. Nowadays, Indian Science Centres evaluate the impact their activities have on individual, social and economic reality. With new technologies and approaches, they try to emphasize their relevance in a society that is characterized by having a great number of languages and poor education in science. PMID:16676474

Mukhopadhyay, Ingit Kumar

2005-01-01

432

Patient-centred care: more than the sum of its parts--Planetree's patient-centred hospital designation programme.  

PubMed

When a nurse at the Celilo Cancer Center at the Mid-Columbia Medical Center in The Dalles, Oregon, found out that his patient was scheduled to receive chemotherapy on her wedding anniversary, he asked the woman and her husband what song they'd first danced to on their wedding day. It was "Save the Last Dance For Me," and the next day, when the couple rose from their chairs after the patient's six-hour infusion, the song began playing. Right there in the infusion area, with their arms around each other, they danced. This story illustrates the kind of care that has become the norm at the 10 hospitals in North America recognized since 2007 as patient-centred hospitals by Planetree's Patient-Centred Hospital Designation Program. At these hospitals "patient-centred care" is more than a buzzword. Rather, it's reflected in their mission statements, strategic plans, models of nursing care, and day-to-day operations. While many organizations, including the Institute of Medicine, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, and Planetree, have endeavored to define patient-centred care, no definition conveys its essence as well as the patients at these hospitals can. "This place has a special character," one patient said in a focus group. Others have said, "You can tell the nurses here care about you as a person," "They are a special breed of people here," and "I don't think it's just a job for them; they're here for a reason." Over the past year, this series, Putting Patients First, has explored several aspects of the patient-centered approach--encouraging patients to review their medical records, lifting restrictions on family involvement in care, and lowering noise levels in hospitals, among others. We believe they show that, ultimately, patient-centered care is more than the sum of its parts. PMID:21391446

Frampton, Susan B; Guastello, Sara

2010-01-01

433

Off-Centre Effects in the Triplet Relaxed Excited State of Ga+ Centres in CsBr:Ga Crystal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spectra, polarization and decay kinetics of the triplet and singlet emission of Ga+ centres in CsBr:Ga crystals have been studied in the temperature range of 0.1 to 400 K. It has been found that the triplet AX and AT emission bands coincide. Two slow components have been observed in the decay kinetics of each emission at T < 1.5 K

K. Kalder; V. Korrovits; V. Nagirnyi; A. Stolovits; S. Zazubovich; V. Babin

1997-01-01

434

Measuring the defect structure orientation of a single NV? centre in diamond  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV?) centre in diamond has many exciting applications in quantum nano-metrology, including magnetometry, electrometry, thermometry and piezometry. Indeed, it is possible for a single NV? centre to measure the complete three-dimensional vector of the local electric field or the position of a single fundamental charge in ambient conditions. However, in order to achieve such vector measurements, near complete knowledge of the orientation of the centre?s defect structure is required. Here, we demonstrate an optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) technique employing rotations of static electric and magnetic fields that precisely determines the orientation of the centre?s major and minor trigonal symmetry axes. Thus, our technique is an enabler of the centre?s existing vector sensing applications and also motivates new applications in multi-axis rotation sensing, NV growth characterization and diamond crystallography.

Doherty, M. W.; Michl, J.; Dolde, F.; Jakobi, I.; Neumann, P.; Manson, N. B.; Wrachtrup, J.

2014-06-01

435

Study of young people attending an adolescent friendly centre.  

PubMed

Adolescents are the individuals between the ages of 10 and 19 years and the youth are those between the ages of 15 to 24 years. World Health Organisation has therefore defined young people as individuals between the age group of 10 to 24 years. In our country Adolescents comprise more than one fifth (22%) of the total population. Therefore Family Health Division, Ministry of Health, established an adolescent friendly centre at Bir Hospital on 5th January 2002. This paper has tried to study and analyse the young population attending this centre at a fixed period of time. This study was carried out to a. Find out the total number of adolescents. b. Estimate their male: female ratio. c. Find out their ethnicity, address, marital status, education, and occupation d. Learn what Health and Development problems these young people have. This is a cross sectional study done at Bir Hospital adolescent friendly centre for a period of one year. All young people (adolescents and youths) coming to this centre within the specified period are included in this study. OPD register was used to collect the data, which was obtained and analysed manually. Total of 956 young people were provided healthcare and counselling services from this centre. Out of them, only 9.21 % were males. 887 (92.78%) of this population are adolescents, 69 (7.22%) are from 19 to 24 years age group and 880 (92.05%) of them are youth. Majority (28.56%) were Brahmins. 313 (32.74%) of these people were from outside the valley. 9 (10.23%) out of 88 boys and 384 (79.34%) out of 484 girls were married. 1.14% of boys and 14.63% of girls were illiterate. 4.55% of boys and 14.17% of girls had not completed the studies of standard five. 17.05% of boys and 47% of girls had not completed their school. 81.82% of boys and 38.36% of girls had joined the college. It also showed that 521 (54.50%) of these young people are students but 35.94% of girls are housewives. 278 (32.03%) girls presented with menstrual problems and 22.12% (192) came with pregnancy related problems and 15.27 % of these young people presented with the symptoms of various infections Twenty six (3%) girls came with features of anaemia and 22 (2.53%) girls had dropped in for family planning services. 20 (2.09%) of these young people had some psychological problem (mainly anxiety) and 9.62% of them had various types of skin problems. Adolescent friendly centre can play a vital role to support and help a good number of adolescents of the society. Key words: Adolescents, youths, and young people. PMID:16388244

Karki, C

2004-01-01

436

Dark state photophysics of nitrogen-vacancy centres in diamond  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nitrogen-vacancy (NV) colour centres in diamond are attractive fluorescence emitters owing to their unprecedented photostability and superior applicability to spin manipulation and sub-diffraction far-field optical microscopy. However, some applications are limited by the co-occurrence of dark state population and optical excitation. In this paper, we use fluorescence microscopy and correlation spectroscopy on single negatively charged NV centres in type IIa bulk diamond to unravel the population kinetics of a >100 s long-lived dark state. The bright-dark state interconversion rates show a quadratic dependence on the applied laser intensity, which implies that higher excited states are involved. Depopulation of the dark state becomes less effective at wavelengths above 532 nm, resulting in a complete fluorescence switch-off at wavelengths >600 nm. This switch is reversible by the addition of shorter wavelengths. This behaviour can be explained by a model consisting of three dark and three bright states of different excitation levels, with the most efficient interconversion via the respective higher excited states. This model accounts for the nonlinear dark state and photoswitching kinetics, as well as for the decrease of the NV's fluorescence lifetime with excitation intensity and the strong dependence of fluorescence emission on excitation intensity. Unfortunately, our data do not give enough insight to allow us to assign the different states to specific electronic states known from the literature. Nevertheless, our observations allowed us to improve the recording of fluorescence images of single NV centres with sub-diffraction spatial resolution but they also have important implications for studying their spin states.

Han, K. Y.; Wildanger, D.; Rittweger, E.; Meijer, J.; Pezzagna, S.; Hell, S. W.; Eggeling, C.

2012-12-01

437

Z (Ag) centres in NaCl: (Ag++Ca2+) crystals  

Microsoft Academic Search

After direct electrolytical colouring or electron irradiation followed by illumination in the F centres absorption band of the NaCl:(Ag++Ca2+) crystal samples, a new centre has been observed denoted by us with Z(Ag-). The 300 nm absorption band of this centre is close to the well known Aga- absorption band from 275 nm. The photoluminescence band of the Z(Ag-) centre is

E. Apostol; S. Polosan; L. Toma; M. Secu; V. Topa

2005-01-01

438

Development of a component-based machining centre selection model using AHP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Machining centres are widely used in manufacturing companies all over the world. Since investments in machining centres are long-term and expensive, selection of the most appropriate machining centre is an important decision for manufacturing companies. There has been considerable effort spent in developing crisp and fuzzy multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) models that use technical specifications provided by machining-centre manufacturers such as,

Yusuf Tansel Ic; Mustafa Yurdakul; Ergün Eraslan

2012-01-01

439

From gene to structure: The protein factory of the NBICS Centre of Kurchatov Institute  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Protein Factory was established at the Centre for Nano, Bio, Info, Cognitive, and Social Sciences and Technologies (NBICS Centre) of the National Research Centre "Kurchatov Institute" in 2010. The Protein Factory, together with the Centre for Synchrotron Radiation and Nanotechnology, promote research on structural biology. This paper presents the technology platforms developed at the Protein Factory and the facilities available for researchers. The main projects currently being performed at the Protein Factory are briefly described.

Boyko, K. M.; Lipkin, A. V.; Popov, V. O.; Kovalchuk, M. V.

2013-05-01

440

From gene to structure: The protein factory of the NBICS Centre of Kurchatov Institute  

SciTech Connect

The Protein Factory was established at the Centre for Nano, Bio, Info, Cognitive, and Social Sciences and Technologies (NBICS Centre) of the National Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute' in 2010. The Protein Factory, together with the Centre for Synchrotron Radiation and Nanotechnology, promote research on structural biology. This paper presents the technology platforms developed at the Protein Factory and the facilities available for researchers. The main projects currently being performed at the Protein Factory are briefly described.

Boyko, K. M.; Lipkin, A. V.; Popov, V. O., E-mail: vpopov@inbi.ras.ru; Kovalchuk, M. V. [NBICS Centre, National Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute' (Russian Federation)

2013-05-15

441

CTOH: Centre for Topographic Studies of the Oceans and Hydrosphere  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Centr e for Topographic studies of the O ceans and Hydrosphere (CTOH) is a Fr ench national observational and exp ertise service dedicated to satellite altimetry studies. Th e primary objective of the CTOH is to maintain homogeneous altimetric data bases for th e long-term monitoring of sea lev el, lake and riv er levels, the cryosphère, and the p lanet's climate. H ere we present the differ ent altimetric data bases av ailab le at th e CTOH, and a descr iption of the differ ent data products that ar e currently availab le or under dev elopment.

Morrow, R.; Ménard, Y.; Birol, F.; Daillet-Rochette, S.; Sudre, J.; Blarel, F.; Faillot, M.

2006-07-01

442

Strategies for enhancing the delivery of person-centred care.  

PubMed

The implementation of person-centred care is considered complex and hard to sustain in today's NHS. To provide a dignified and caring experience to all, equality in health should consider individuals or groups at risk of isolation, as well as those who may not wish to, or may not be able to, self-manage fully. This may include, for example, the very young, older people, under-represented groups, homeless people or unconscious patients. This article considers varying levels of intervention in health and illness to make health and social care services sustainable and accessible to all. PMID:24866669

Perez-Merino, Ruth

2014-06-01

443

CCS-MIP: Low cost Customizable Control Centre  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The positioning and station keeping of French national satellites are among the main missions of CNES French Space Agency CNES. The related experience and skills of the Toulouse Space Centre are reknown and often required at international level for a wide range of missions. CISI, a software engineering company, has been contributing during the last 20 years to the development of the French space programs, particularly in the field of space missions ground control segments. The CCS-MIP system, presented here, is a satellite positioning and station-keeping system designed to answer the CNES multi-mission needs, easily adaptable for a wide range of applications.

Labezin, Christian; Vielcanet, Pierre

1994-01-01

444

The Canada Centre for Mapping and Earth Observation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canada Centre for Mapping and Earth Observation (CCMEO) is responsible for the provision of a national service for the reception, processing, archiving and dissemination of remotely sensed data for Canada. Major features of the their homepage include a history of CCMEO, a publications database, and a section of news articles and announcements. Additional links are provided to a glossary of terms and to an extensive set of outreach and educational materials for K-12 and higher levels. Sections on optical and radar imaging systems feature overviews of platforms and instruments, as well as imagery.

445

CER: Centre for Environmental Research at the University of Limerick  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Centre for Environmental Research (CER) encompasses research in many science areas at the University of Limerick including biochemistry, hydrogeology, geochemistry, and hydrology. The website features the current projects of the director, Professor Richard Moles, whose interests incorporate "integrated assessment, system dynamics and spatial modelling, interactive research, sustainable development, plant and bird ecology, landscape evolution, soil science, geomorphology, and pollution pathways." Users can find links to CER's three main themes: environmental catalysis and chemistry, scientific management of environmental quality, and environmental technology. There, individuals can obtain extensive information on the researchers, their interests, and publications.

446

Neutrons, Gamma-Rays and Neutrinos from the Galactic Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose that the observed excess of cosmic rays at ˜ 1018 eV, reported by the AGASA and SUGAR groups from the direction of the Galactic Centre, can be due to the neutrons produced by heavy nuclei injected from a very young pulsar. By normalization of the calculated neutron flux to the flux observed in the cosmic ray excess, the neutrino and gamma-ray fluxes at the Earth are predicted. We discuss their observability by a 1 km2 neutrino detector of the IceCub e type and future ? -ray Cherenkov telescopes.

Bednarek, Wlodek

2003-07-01

447

Saskatchewan Forest Fire Control Centre Surface Meteorological Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Saskatchewan Forest Fire Control Centre (SFFCC) provided surface meteorological data to BOREAS from its archive. This data set contains hourly surface meteorological data from 18 of the Meteorological stations located across Saskatchewan. Included in these data are parameters of date, time, temperature, relative humidity, wind direction, wind speed, and precipitation. Temporally, the data cover the period of May through September of 1994 and 1995. The data are provided in comma-delimited ASCII files, and are classified as AFM-Staff data. The data files are available on a CD-ROM (see document number 20010000884), or from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC).

Hall, Forrest G. (Editor); Newcomer, Jeffrey A. (Editor); Funk, Barry; Strub, Richard

2000-01-01

448

Catalytic functionalization of tertiary alcohols to fully substituted carbon centres.  

PubMed

The catalytic nucleophilic substitution of tertiary alcohols using carbon or heteroatom based nucleophiles is a versatile methodology for the efficient, diverse and atom economical construction of fully substituted carbon centres, including both quaternary carbons and heteroatom substituted tetrasubstituted carbons, which only produces water as the by-product. This review summarizes the recent progress in this field, including the catalytic asymmetric studies and their application in the natural product synthesis, briefly discusses the reaction mechanism and challenges, and outlines synthetic opportunities that are still open. PMID:24915514

Chen, Long; Yin, Xiao-Ping; Wang, Cui-Hong; Zhou, Jian

2014-08-28

449

INFOMAT: The international materials assessment and application centre's internet gateway  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

INFOMAT is an electronic directory structured to facilitate the search and retrieval of materials science and technology information sources. Linked to the homepage of the International Materials Assessment and Application Centre, INFOMAT presents descriptions of 392 proprietary databases with links to their host systems as well as direct links to over 180 public domain databases and over 2,400 web sites. Among the web sites are associations/unions, governmental and non-governmental institutions, industries, library holdings, market statistics, news services, on-line publications, standardization and intellectual property organizations, and universities/research groups.

Branquinho, Carmen Lucia; Colodete, Leandro Tavares

2004-08-01

450

Communication system facilitates integrated patient-centred care.  

PubMed

At the Wellesley Hospital in Toronto, a unit designed to house patients awaiting placement developed a communication system to facilitate integrated patient-centred care. The system included a patient and family orientation brochure, an interdisciplinary kardex and an interdisciplinary patient goal sheet. Patient care improved under the new system, as staff was easily able to access current assessment data and establish and document integrated patient goals. Other outcomes included improved communication among team members, enhanced team member accountability, cohesiveness and satisfaction, and increased patient and family satisfaction. PMID:10144378

Escaf, M

1995-01-01

451

Sustaining the leaders of children's centres: the role of leadership mentoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leadership mentoring is a central component of the National Professional Qualification in Integrated Centre Leadership (NPQICL), which is designed to develop robust, creative and courageous children's centre leaders. Mentoring provides a safe, supportive and confidential space in which leaders can discuss the challenges of leading their centres. Like NPQICL tutors, mentors encourage programme participants to build teams, inspire leadership in

Karen John

2008-01-01

452

Theory of L bands in face-centred cubic alkali halides  

Microsoft Academic Search

The L band absorption spectra observed in alkali halides is considered to arise from transitions from the ground state of the F centre to localized excited states arising from conduction band wave functions of higher energy. These localized states are linear combinations of Wannier functions for the conduction bands centred on the cell containing the F centre and adjacent cells,

P. G. Dawber; I. M. Parker

1970-01-01

453

Changing Perspectives: Teaching and Learning Centres' Strategic Contributions to Academic Development in Australian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study of Australian teaching and learning centres to identify factors that contribute to their effective strategic leadership. These centres remain in a state of flux, with seemingly endless reconfiguration. The drivers for such change appear to lie in decision makers' search for their centres to add more strategic value…

Holt, Dale; Palmer, Stuart; Challis, Di

2011-01-01

454

Reported occupational injuries at Swedish recycling centres – based on official statistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Swedish recycling centres are manned facilities for waste collection. There is no special category in the official injury statistics for employees at recycling centres, which precludes a straightforward analysis of reported occupational injuries. This study aimed at identifying the frequency of reported accidents and diseases and the type of events that contribute to such injuries at recycling centres, based on

I.-L. Engkvist; R. Svensson; J. Eklund

2011-01-01

455

"Reunion"--A Site-Specific, Participatory Performance in Youth Centres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Theatre Company Blah Blah Blah (the Blahs) have been working in youth centres since 1985 and over that time the Blahs have experimented with ways to make theatre for young people in this environment. A youth centre can be a hostile place to take a piece of theatre. Many of the youth centres the Blahs have visited have been in areas of social…

Cooper, Ruth

2010-01-01

456

Childcare Workers' and Centre Directors' Beliefs about Infant Childcare Quality and Professional Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While there has been extensive research exploring quality in childcare programs for children older than three years, less attention has been directed to the nature of infants' experiences in centre-based childcare programs. In this study, six childcare workers and six centre directors located in centre-based childcare programs in metropolitan…

Brownlee, J.; Berthelsen, D.; Segaran, N.

2009-01-01

457

A second law approach to the thermal management of raised floor data centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

The demand for large number of computing resources and network infrastructure over the past decade has resulted in the evolution of high power density data centres. IT systems, housed in data centres, consume a considerable amount of energy. Almost all the electrical energy consumed by the data centre IT equipment is released in the form of heat. However, as heat

B. Fakhim; N. Srinarayana; M. Behnia; S. W. Armfield

2011-01-01

458

Integration of tuberculosis screening at an HIV voluntary counselling and testing centre in Haiti  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe the integration of tuberculosis screening into the activities of an HIV voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) centre in a country with endemic tuberculosis. Setting: An HIV VCT centre in Port au Prince, Haiti. Design: All patients presenting for HIV VCT who reported cough received same-day evaluation for active tuberculosis. Of the 1327 adults presenting to the centre

Amelia L. Burgess; Daniel W. Fitzgerald; Patrice Severe; Patrice Joseph; Ernst Noel; Nalin Rastogi; Warren D. Johnson; Jean W. Pape

459

Inquiry-Based Learning: An Educational Reform Based upon Content-Centred Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author of this paper posits that inquiry-based learning (IBL) enacted via a modified Moore method (MMM) is a content-driven pedagogy; as such it is content-centred not instructor-centred or student-centred. The MMM is a philosophy of education where student must master material by doing; not simply discussing, reading, or seeing it and that…

McLoughlin, M. Padraig M. M.

2009-01-01

460