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1

Crosslinked acid gels offer advantages  

SciTech Connect

Acid polymer gels having a pH less than one have been crosslinked for retarding the chemical and physical activity of hydrochloric acid on calcareous formations. Hydrochloric acid concentrations from /one quarter/% to 28% have been successfully crosslinked. This unique stimulation fluid offers high viscosity with adequate shear stability, perfect support for propants, and clay stabilization. Additionally, the fluid provided effective fluid loss control and retardation of acid reaction enabling live acid to penetrate deeper into the formation for better conductivity; furthermore, there is practically a residue free break for rapid cleanup of the well after the job. Results of lab and field tests show this new acid crosslinked system to be an effective stimulation fluid for acidizing and acid fracturing in calcareous and sandstone formations having low permeability. 5 refs.

Pabley, A.S.; Holcomb, D.L.

1981-09-28

2

Tetherless ROV offers major advantage  

SciTech Connect

Tethers supply the current generation of remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) with power, navigational commands and data links. The power required by ROVs to carry long tethers increases rapidly in proportion to depth, and additionally, snagging on subsea obstacles is very common. A technical advancement could come with the development of autonomous subsea vehicles with onboard power and an acoustic, rather than hard wire, data link to the surface. Important research in this area presently is being conducted at Scotland's Heriot-Watt University. The feasibility of the system is discussed.

Russell, G.T.

1984-11-01

3

Wood-based Energy Technologies Michigan offers some significant advantages  

E-print Network

Wood-based Energy Technologies Michigan offers some significant advantages for developing more wood. Michigan has relatively low harvest pressure on its forests. Of course, each renew- able energy technology has a range of applica- tions, and these vary among the technologies. For instance, wind power

4

[Does 5-methyltetrahydrofolate offer any advantage over folic acid?].  

PubMed

Almost half of the women do not follow the guidelines around folate suppletion before and during pregnancy, despite the proven benefit in the prevention of neural tube defects, miscarriages and premature births. The Belgian Superior Health Council recommends a minimum of 400 micrograms of folic acid or folate suppletion per day from 4 weeks before conception to 8 weeks thereafter. Many studies point to the importance of a wider intake period, more particularly at least 3 months before conception and throughout pregnancy and lactation. In high-risk women 4 mg is recommended until after the first 3 months of pregnancy. Afterwards the usual dose of 400 micrograms is sufficient. About half of the European population appears to have a gene mutation on the gene coding for the production of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase, the enzyme that is involved in the formation of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, which is, in his turn, responsible for the conversion of the toxic homocysteine in methionine. Women with such a gene polymorphism have a significantly higher risk to have a miscarriage or a baby with neural tube defects. For this reason, a search for an alternative form of synthetic folic acid supplement "pteroylmonoglutamic acid (PMG)" was conducted, particularly the calcium salt of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (Metafolin). This offers the possibility to deliver the reduced folate immediately, which no longer needs to be converted by the reductase enzyme. Furthermore, this avoids free PMG in the circulation, lowers the risk for drug interactions and a vitamin B2 deficiency will not be masked. Despite clear guidelines regarding dietary supplements before and during pregnancy, their implementation is poor. Not only gynecologists but also GPs and pharmacists, should make more efforts to provide women of childbearing age with personal information. Especially risk groups such as adolescents, low-skilled or less well-off women and immigrants deserve special attention. PMID:23350208

Leemans, L

2012-12-01

5

The antiproton cell experiment—do antiprotons offer advantages over other particle beam modalities?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of heavy charged particles for cancer therapy has the potential for a significant improvement of the therapeutic window compared to standard X-ray treatments. This is due to the improved energy deposition profile, exhibiting a well-defined peak at a depth in target controllable by the initial energy of the beam. Particles heavier than protons in addition show an increase in biological effectiveness. Compared to protons or heavy ions, antiprotons deposit additional annihilation energy, mostly by low energy recoils, resulting in an increase of dose and also adding a component with high biological effectiveness in the target region. The relative magnitude of the physical energy deposition of antiprotons compared to protons was measured at Low Energy Antiproton Ring (LEAR) by A. Sullivan, but no study of the biological effect had been conducted prior to the Antiproton Cell Experiment (AD-4/ACE) experiment at CERN. The special conditions found at CERN present significant challenges, but also offer unique opportunities. 500 ns pulses of antiprotons are extracted from the Antiproton Decelerator (AD) at 500 MeV/c momentum. Biological cell samples are irradiated and clonogenic survival fractions are measured for various doses. To extract biological efficiency, the physical dose deposition is obtained by Monte-Carlo calculations in conjunction with shot-by-shot monitoring of the incoming beam intensity and profile using a silicon pixel detector. Also imaging of the pions resulting from antiproton annihilations in the target using silicon pixel detector technology to determine the actual range in more complex targets with strong variations in material densities was carried out. The feasibility of this technique using a novel arrangement of the detector was demonstrated. This paper describes the ACE experiment and focuses on the different detector activities within the AD-4/ACE collaboration, explaining the experimental set-up, physical and biological methods used, recent results, and future plans.

Sellner, Stefan; Boll, Rebecca; Caccia, Massimo; Negrini, Loretta; Straße, Tina; Tegami, Sara; Holzscheiter, Michael H.

2012-12-01

6

Rocket based combined cycle (RBCC) propulsion systems offer additional options  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The propulsion cycles presented at the 1991 IAF Congress in Montreal, and at The World Hydrogen Conference 1992 in Paris were the subject of an IAF paper for the 1992 World Space Conference in Washington DC. RBCC propulsion systems from several nations were analyzed in terms of a SSTO space launcher with a 7-Mg payload. The RBCC concept emerged from the advanced injector ramjet research of the early 1960s. The performance of the current RBCC propulsion systems such that the specific thrust of a rocket is combined with the specific impulse of an airbreather. This performance offers a new perspective to the options available. In a brief review of the present RBCC the reasons for these options are developed. The spectrum of the system options is presented in three examples, a LACE VTOL SSTO, an HTOL SSTO and a HTOL TSTO. Results using the present RBCC are dramatically different from the past concept of the Conventional Combined Cycle propulsion system, i.e., combinations of separate engines. The integration of the engine cycles into a single thermodynamically integrated system significantly changes the propulsion performance.

Czysz, Paul A.

7

Escherichia coli offers a means for the rapid and economical production of recombinant proteins. These advantages,  

E-print Network

195 Escherichia coli offers a means for the rapid and economical production of recombinant proteins phosphotransferase system t-PA tissue plasminogen activator Introduction Escherichia coli was the first host used of such economically sensitive products as insulin and bovine growth hormone. Although significant progress has been

Lebendiker, Mario

8

Vasectomy offers many advantages.  

PubMed

Vasectomy, surgical sterilization for men, is very safe, has few side effects, and results in reported annual pregnancy rates of less than 1%. However, men in only a few countries widely adopt vasectomy as their contraceptive method of choice even though it is safer and easier to perform than female sterilization. Approximately 45 million men worldwide have been vasectomized, largely in China, Thailand, India, Korea, the UK, Canada, and the US. Vasectomy is not available in many developing countries, and even if it is available and men have heard of it, many have the misconception that vasectomy causes weakness and adversely affects male sexual function. When trying to increase the access, acceptability, and uptake of vasectomy, enough providers must be trained so that their services are readily available, sustained promotional campaigns should encourage method use, and male clinics and services should be available to help men feel comfortable. Competent counseling is essential to success. The myths and facts of vasectomy, the no-scalpel approach, and promotional campaigns are discussed. PMID:12321061

Finger, W R

1997-01-01

9

Hope versus hype: what can additive manufacturing realistically offer trauma and orthopedic surgery?  

PubMed

Additive manufacturing (AM) is a broad term encompassing 3D printing and several other varieties of material processing, which involve computer-directed layer-by-layer synthesis of materials. As the popularity of AM increases, so to do expectations of the medical therapies this process may offer. Clinical requirements and limitations of current treatment strategies in bone grafting, spinal arthrodesis, osteochondral injury and treatment of periprosthetic joint infection are discussed. The various approaches to AM are described, and the current state of clinical translation of AM across these orthopedic clinical scenarios is assessed. Finally, we attempt to distinguish between what AM may offer orthopedic surgery from the hype of what has been promised by AM. PMID:25159068

Gibbs, David Mr; Vaezi, Mohammad; Yang, Shoufeng; Oreffo, Richard Oc

2014-07-01

10

50-Plus Ways to Be Water Smart 1. If your local water utility offers water-saving incentives or in-home water audits, take advantage  

E-print Network

for the water to cool. 10. Use the garbage disposal less often. Compost organic matter from your kitchen. 11. Do50-Plus Ways to Be Water Smart BEHAVIORS 1. If your local water utility offers water-saving incentives or in-home water audits, take advantage of these programs. 2. Don't let water run while brushing

11

Do Bayesian adaptive trials offer advantages for comparative effectiveness research? Protocol for the RE-ADAPT study  

PubMed Central

Background Randomized clinical trials, particularly for comparative effectiveness research (CER), are frequently criticized for being overly restrictive or untimely for health-care decision making. Purpose Our prospectively designed REsearch in ADAptive methods for Pragmatic Trials (RE-ADAPT) study is a ‘proof of concept’ to stimulate investment in Bayesian adaptive designs for future CER trials. Methods We will assess whether Bayesian adaptive designs offer potential efficiencies in CER by simulating a re-execution of the Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) study using actual data from ALLHAT. Results We prospectively define seven alternate designs consisting of various combinations of arm dropping, adaptive randomization, and early stopping and describe how these designs will be compared to the original ALLHAT design. We identify the one particular design that would have been executed, which incorporates early stopping and information-based adaptive randomization. Limitations While the simulation realistically emulates patient enrollment, interim analyses, and adaptive changes to design, it cannot incorporate key features like the involvement of data monitoring committee in making decisions about adaptive changes. Conclusion This article describes our analytic approach for RE-ADAPT. The next stage of the project is to conduct the re-execution analyses using the seven prespecified designs and the original ALLHAT data. PMID:23983160

Luce, Bryan R; Broglio, Kristine R; Ishak, K Jack; Mullins, C Daniel; Vanness, David J; Fleurence, Rachael; Saunders, Elijah; Davis, Barry R

2013-01-01

12

Gorilla jackup offers drilling advantages  

SciTech Connect

The Rowan Gorilla I, recently completed for Rowan Cos. Inc. at Vicksburg, Mississippi, is a 32-million-lb jackup drilling rig - the largest ever built. The rig is designed for use in hostile environments, where it can endure for long periods without resupply. The Gorilla's hull is 297 ft. long, 292 ft. wide and 30 ft. deep. It is designed to survive 90 ft. waves and 82-knots winds in up to 328 ft. of ice-free water.

Tanner, R.

1983-12-01

13

Repeated administration of frusemide does not offer an advantage over single dosing in attenuating exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension in thoroughbred horses.  

PubMed

The objective of the present study was to ascertain whether administration of a second dose of frusemide would attenuate exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension more than a single dose. Right atrial, right ventricular and pulmonary vascular pressures were determined in 7 healthy, sound, exercise-trained Thoroughbred horses at rest and during exercise (14.2 m/s + a 3.5% uphill grade) performed at maximal heart rate (217 +/- 3 beats/min [mean +/- s.e.]). Horses were studied during the following 3 treatments in random order 7 days apart: control (no medication), frusemide single dose (250 mg i.v. 4 h pre-exercise), and frusemide double dose (250 mg i.v., 4 h pre-exercise + 250 mg i.v. 2 h pre-exercise). In the control study, exercise resulted in significant (P < 0.05) right atrial as well as pulmonary arterial, capillary and venous hypertension. In the frusemide single dose experiments, a significant (P < 0.05) attenuation of the exercise-induced rise in right atrial and pulmonary vascular pressures was observed. However, compared with frusemide single dose experiments, significant changes in the exercise-induced right atrial and pulmonary arterial, capillary and venous hypertension were not observed in the frusemide double dose experiments. Therefore, it is concluded that administration of an additional dose of frusemide is unlikely to affect the severity of EIPH in racing Thoroughbred horses more than a single dose. PMID:10659314

Goetz, T E; Manohar, M; Magid, J H

1999-07-01

14

Additional content-related service\\/product offering system based on new standards: MPEG21 and content ID\\/DOI  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the configuration of an Internet-based system in which products and services relating to digital content are offered to users by employing the ISO MPEG-21 standard and the de facto standards: Content ID (defined by cIDf) and DOI (defined by IDF).

H. Sakamoto; M. Yamada; T. Nakamura; T. Nakanishi

2002-01-01

15

Additives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The chemistry of lubricant additives is discussed to show what the additives are chemically and what functions they perform in the lubrication of various kinds of equipment. Current theories regarding the mode of action of lubricant additives are presented. The additive groups discussed include the following: (1) detergents and dispersants, (2) corrosion inhibitors, (3) antioxidants, (4) viscosity index improvers, (5) pour point depressants, and (6) antifouling agents.

Smalheer, C. V.

1973-01-01

16

ADDITION  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Addition can be so much fun, especially with these games. Tweet, Tweet, Addition is not a game for the birds. Keep the game Math Popper away from all sharp pins! Watch out! Addition facts are attacking the spaceships in Addition Attack In Cannon Math you can shoot people out of a cannon! It is great fun!! Dr. Brain s Robot needs help with his math facts. Can you help ...

Games, Aidan'S M.

2010-12-20

17

13 CFR 127.504 - What additional requirements must a concern satisfy to submit an offer on an EDWOSB or WOSB...  

...EDWOSB or WOSB requirement? 127.504 Section 127.504 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION WOMEN-OWNED SMALL BUSINESS FEDERAL CONTRACT PROGRAM Federal Contract Assistance § 127.504 What additional...

2014-01-01

18

Additional clinical manifestations in children with sensorineural hearing loss and biallelic GJB2 mutations: who should be offered GJB2 testing?  

PubMed

Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), the most common sensory impairment noted at birth, occurs in 3 out of every 1,000 births live births. At least half of congenital SNHL is genetic in origin, with nonsyndromic, or isolated hearing loss, accounting for approximately 70% of the total genetic causes. Syndromic hearing loss (hearing loss associated with other clinical findings) makes up the remaining 30%. Worldwide, mutations in the gap junction beta 2 (GJB2) gene, encoding the connexin 26 (Cx26) protein, are responsible for approximately 30% of all cases of childhood SNHL. GJB2 mutations have been primarily associated with nonsyndromic forms of bilateral SNHL although rare syndromic forms involving dermatologic manifestations have also been reported. In general, unless skin findings are present, children with bilateral SNHL and other structural or developmental abnormalities are not generally thought of as candidates for GJB2 testing. We evaluated 163 individuals with biallelic GJB2 mutations and SNHL for the presence of other clinical findings. Twenty-nine of the 163 (18%) were found to have structural and/or developmental abnormalities in addition to the SNHL and four subjects had diagnoses that were felt to account for their hearing loss prior to being screened for GJB2 mutations. Although the GJB2 mutations are likely not responsible for these additional clinical manifestations, this study underscores the importance of considering GJB2 mutational analysis in individuals with more than just isolated SNHL given the high prevalence of GJB2-related hearing loss. PMID:17455295

Kenna, Margaret A; Rehm, Heidi L; Robson, Caroline D; Frangulov, Anna; McCallum, Jennifer; Yaeger, Dinah; Krantz, Ian D

2007-07-15

19

When asymptotic LOCC offers no advantage over finite LOCC  

E-print Network

We consider bipartite LOCC, the class of operations implementable by local quantum operations and classical communication between two parties. Surprisingly, there are operations that cannot be implemented with finitely many messages but can be approximated to arbitrary precision with more and more messages. This significantly complicates the analysis of what can or cannot be approximated with LOCC. Towards alleviating this problem, we exhibit two scenarios in which allowing vanishing error does not help. The first scenario involves implementation of measurements with projective product measurement operators. The second scenario is the discrimination of unextendible product bases on two 3-dimensional systems.

Honghao Fu; Debbie Leung; Laura Mancinska

2013-12-18

20

Using worms to process food discards offers several advantages  

E-print Network

-round; · Producesafree,high-qualitysoilamend- ment(vermicompost); · Spawnsfreeearthwormsforfishing. Equipment and Supplies The materials needed to start a vermicompost- ingsystemaresimpleandinexpensive.Toprovide Worms Can Recycle Your Garbage Vermicomposting (earthworm composting) turns many types of kitchen food

Langerhans, Brian

21

Attracting Foreign Students to America Offers More Advantages  

E-print Network

. In doing so, however, they undercut an important component of American education and economy: educating. In doing so, they become better prepared to compete within a global society. That is crucial at a time when. Even more important, many of those students will stay here, providing a "brain gain" that will help

Southern California, University of

22

Copper-phosphorus alloys offer advantages in brazing copper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Copper-phosphorus brazing alloys are used extensively for joining copper, especially refrigeration and air-conditioning copper tubing and electrical conductors. What is the effect of phosphorus when alloyed with copper? The following are some of the major effects: (1) It lowers the melt temperature of copper (a temperature depressant). (2) It increases the fluidity of the copper when in the liquid state.

1996-01-01

23

Attracting Foreign Students to America Offers More Advantages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prestigious American universities are franchising their brands in the Middle East and Southeast Asia, building campuses and making it possible for students in those regions to receive an American degree while remaining at home. In doing so, however, they undercut an important component of American education and economy: educating international…

Nikias, C. L. Max

2008-01-01

24

Negotiating for more: the multiple equivalent simultaneous offer.  

PubMed

Whether a doctor, professional baseball manager, or a politician, having successful negotiation skills is a critical part of being a leader. Building upon prior journal articles on negotiation strategy, the author presents the concept of the multiple equivalent simultaneous offer (MESO). The concept of a MESO is straightforward: as opposed to making a single offer, make multiple offers with several variables. Each offer alters the different variables, such that the end result of each offer is equivalent from the perspective of the party making the offer. Research has found several advantages to the use of MESOs. For example, using MESOs, an offer was more likely to be accepted, and the counterparty was more likely to be satisfied with the negotiated deal. Additional benefits have been documented as well, underscoring why a prepared radiology business leader should understand the theory and practice of MESO. PMID:24042029

Heller, Richard E

2014-02-01

25

TRX, Inc.: Initial Public Offering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The "TRX, Inc.: Initial Public Offering" case provides comprehensive coverage of a firm’s decision to undertake an initial public offering (IPO) and the process of going public. The case follows the sequence of events from the company’s incorporation in 1999 through the completion of an IPO in September 2005. In addition to raising capital, the TRX IPO case also includes

Susan Chaplinsky

26

First Movers Advantages  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study examined theoretical and empirical literature to gain insight into the advantages and disadvantages that accrue to first-mover, or pioneering, firms. There are 3 primary advantages to being a first-mover firm. The first, technological leadership, results from advantages derived from the learning or experience curve and success in patent or research and development races. The 2nd advantage occurs when

David B. Montgomery; M. L. Lieberman

1988-01-01

27

Competitive - Advantage or Benefit?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term 'competitive advantage' is used by practitioners and debated amongst academics. This paper argues that it may well be benefit rather than advantage that improves the firm's competitive position The problems with the notion of competitive advantage are briefly discussed, followed by discussion of the dimensions of value creation. Examining exchange and value as concepts enables this paper to

Steven Goodman

28

Airplanes and comparative advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Airplanes are a fast but expensive means of shipping goods, a fact which has implications for comparative advantage. The paper develops a Ricardian model with a continuum of goods which vary by weight and hence transport cost. Comparative advantage depends on relative air and surface transport costs across countries and goods, as well as stochastic productivity. A key testable implication

James Harrigan

2010-01-01

29

Airplanes and Comparative Advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Airplanes are a fast but expensive means of shipping goods, a fact which has implications for comparative advantage. The paper develops a Ricardian model with a continuum of goods which vary by weight and hence transport cost. Comparative advantage depends on relative air and surface transport costs across countries and goods, as well as stochastic productivity. A key testable implication

James Harrigan

2005-01-01

30

Creating Collaborative Advantage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although interorganizational collaboration is becoming increasingly significant as a means of achieving organizational objectives, it is not an easy process to implement. Drawing on the work of authors with extensive experience, an accessible introduction to the theory and practice of creating collaborative advantage is presented in this volume.…

Huxham, Chris, Ed.

31

Earth Advantage Institute: Introduction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief presentation provides an introduction to the Earth Advantage Institute, which is "a nonprofit organization that works with the building industry to help implement sustainable building practices." Information on the history of the organization, its partners, stakeholders and sponsors is included. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Schnepp, Katie

2012-06-29

32

carleton.ca/music Capital advantage  

E-print Network

genres and styles of music in performance. Graduates have continued on to PhD studies and fullcarleton.ca/music Capital advantage Students enrolled in the Master of Arts in Music and Culture context for studying music and culture. Ottawa's wide range of cultural offerings, from rock concerts

33

Creating corporate advantage.  

PubMed

What differentiates truly great corporate strategies from the merely adequate? How can executives at the corporate level create tangible advantage for their businesses that makes the whole more than the sum of the parts? This article presents a comprehensive framework for value creation in the multibusiness company. It addresses the most fundamental questions of corporate strategy: What businesses should a company be in? How should it coordinate activities across businesses? What role should the corporate office play? How should the corporation measure and control performance? Through detailed case studies of Tyco International, Sharp, the Newell Company, and Saatchi and Saatchi, the authors demonstrate that the answers to all those questions are driven largely by the nature of a company's special resources--its assets, skills, and capabilities. These range along a continuum from the highly specialized at one end to the very general at the other. A corporation's location on the continuum constrains the set of businesses it should compete in and limits its choices about the design of its organization. Applying the framework, the authors point out the common mistakes that result from misaligned corporate strategies. Companies mistakenly enter businesses based on similarities in products rather than the resources that contribute to competitive advantage in each business. Instead of tailoring organizational structures and systems to the needs of a particular strategy, they create plain-vanilla corporate offices and infrastructures. The company examples demonstrate that one size does not fit all. One can find great corporate strategies all along the continuum. PMID:10179655

Collis, D J; Montgomery, C A

1998-01-01

34

Binocular advantages in reading.  

PubMed

Reading, an essential skill for successful function in today's society, is a complex psychological process involving vision, memory, and language comprehension. Variability in fixation durations during reading reflects the ease of text comprehension, and increased word frequency results in reduced fixation times. Critically, readers not only process the fixated foveal word but also preprocess the parafoveal word to its right, thereby facilitating subsequent foveal processing. Typically, text is presented binocularly, and the oculomotor control system precisely coordinates the two frontally positioned eyes online. Binocular, compared to monocular, visual processing typically leads to superior performance, termed the "binocular advantage"; few studies have investigated the binocular advantage in reading. We used saccade-contingent display change methodology to demonstrate the benefit of binocular relative to monocular text presentation for both parafoveal and foveal lexical processing during reading. Our results demonstrate that denial of a unified visual signal derived from binocular inputs provides a cost to the efficiency of reading, particularly in relation to high-frequency words. Our findings fit neatly with current computational models of eye movement control during reading, wherein successful word identification is a primary determinant of saccade initiation. PMID:24530062

Jainta, Stephanie; Blythe, Hazel I; Liversedge, Simon P

2014-03-01

35

Sport Management Academic Offerings  

E-print Network

Sport Management Academic Offerings M.S. In Sport Venue And Event Management GRADUATE John Wolohan, and performance measurement systems. Information, communication and data management systems in sport organizations, Graduate Program Director, 315-443-2630 The Master of Science in Sport Venue and Event Management is a 36

Raina, Ramesh

36

NE Won't Return to Pre-Recession Employment until 2015, but Region's "Education" Advantage Could Offer "Economic" Advantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New England states continue to experience slow growth and slow recovery of the jobs lost in the 2008 to 2009 recession. The main reason for this is the continued weakness in global and U.S. economic conditions. The U.S. and New England economies continue to be affected by the weak European economy and sovereign debt crisis and by weakness in…

Gittell, Ross

2012-01-01

37

Tailored logistics: the next advantage.  

PubMed

How many top executives have ever visited with managers who move materials from the factory to the store? How many still reduce the costs of logistics to the rent of warehouses and the fees charged by common carriers? To judge by hours of senior management attention, logistics problems do not rank high. But logistics have the potential to become the next governing element of strategy. Whether they know it or not, senior managers of every retail store and diversified manufacturing company compete in logistically distinct businesses. Customer needs vary, and companies can tailor their logistics systems to serve their customers better and more profitably. Companies do not create value for customers and sustainable advantage for themselves merely by offering varieties of goods. Rather, they offer goods in distinct ways. A particular can of Coca-Cola, for example, might be a can of Coca-Cola going to a vending machine, or a can of Coca-Cola that comes with billing services. There is a fortune buried in this distinction. The goal of logistics strategy is building distinct approaches to distinct groups of customers. The first step is organizing a cross-functional team to proceed through the following steps: segmenting customers according to purchase criteria, establishing different standards of service for different customer segments, tailoring logistics pipelines to support each segment, and creating economics of scale to determine which assets can be shared among various pipelines. The goal of establishing logistically distinct businesses is familiar: improved knowledge of customers and improved means of satisfying them. PMID:10126157

Fuller, J B; O'Conor, J; Rawlinson, R

1993-01-01

38

Evaluating Academic Job Offers & Negotiating  

E-print Network

Getting An Offer #12;!! Quality of the fit "! Professional and personal !! Quality of the offer !! Other" Your Deliberations Really Boil Down to Three Main Issues: #12;!! BAD FIT - BAD OFFER !! BAD FIT - GREAT OFFER !! GREAT FIT - GREAT OFFER !! GREAT FIT - BAD OFFER With Four Options #12;!! Decline as soon

Yang, Sichun

39

Investigating Home Court Advantage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article, created by Dan Nettleton of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, presents data from 1997 Big Ten Conference men's basketball games involving the University of Iowa Hawkeyes. These games are analyzed in a series of scatterplots which are accompanied by bivariate statistical inference. Additionally, the data can be used to represent inference techniques such as confidence regions, paired comparisons, and simultaneous confidence intervals. This is a great activity for a sports fan wanting to learn more about the statistics attached to his or her favorite sport.

Nettleton, Dan

2009-02-06

40

On Costs and Benefits of Rights Offering and Public Offering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the costs and benefits of public offerings relative to rights offerings. The issue is of academic interests because previous studies document inconsistent evidence in different markets. This study has three major objectives. First, the study documents the announcement effects of public offerings and rights offerings in China's stock market. Second, this study examines the motivations of choosing

William Cheung; Keith Lam; Lewis Tam

41

Medicare Advantage: options for standardizing benefits and information to improve consumer choice.  

PubMed

The Medicare Advantage (MA) program offers beneficiaries a choice of private health plans as alternatives to the traditional fee-for-service Medicare program. MA plans potentially provide additional value, but as plan choices have proliferated, consumers contemplating their options have had difficulty understanding how they differ. Through "standardization" more consistent types of information and a limited number of dimensions along which plans vary--MA plans could reduce complexity and improve beneficiaries' ability to make informed choices. Such standardization steps would offer more meaningful variation in the health coverage options available to beneficiaries, Medicare officials and their community partners would find it far easier to educate beneficiaries about their health plan choices, and beneficiaries would better understand what they were buying. Standardization might also strengthen the ability of the market-based Medicare Advantage program to incorporate beneficiary preferences. PMID:18426037

O'Brien, Ellen; Hoadley, Jack

2008-04-01

42

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description.gossinternational.com Machinery Engineering Company Overview: Degree: Paid Fall, Spring, Summer Yes Career & Internship Fair innovation. Chemical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical

New Hampshire, University of

43

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: Yes Career and Internship Fair March 5, 2013 & Clinical Practice. Business Administration, Chemistry, Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Health

Pringle, James "Jamie"

44

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: Yes Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 Engineering, Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Mechanical Engineering Yes Entry Level

New Hampshire, University of

45

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: Yes Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013, "Where did I leave my electrosurgical unit?" Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Electrical

New Hampshire, University of

46

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: Yes Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013. Business Administration, Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Liberal Arts Majors No Entry Level

New Hampshire, University of

47

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: Yes Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 at Riverbed. Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Electrical Engineering Yes Entry Level

New Hampshire, University of

48

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 Engineer (aerospace), .Net Developer, and Data Architect. Computer Engineering, Computer Science

New Hampshire, University of

49

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: Yes Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 sensor network products. Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Electrical Engineering Yes Entry Level

New Hampshire, University of

50

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 efficient process. Business Administration, Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Computer Science

New Hampshire, University of

51

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013. Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, Math & Statistics, Physics Yes Entry Level

New Hampshire, University of

52

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013) software by leading industry analysts. Computer Engineering, Computer Science Yes Entry Level

New Hampshire, University of

53

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description meetings. tylertech.com Technology Company Overview: Degree: Paid Summer Yes Career & Internship Fair Specialist Business Administration, Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, Math

New Hampshire, University of

54

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 customer requirements. Business Administration, Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Economics, Liberal

New Hampshire, University of

55

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 Administration, Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Health & Human Services, Hospitality, Liberal Arts Majors

New Hampshire, University of

56

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 employer. Business Administration, Computer Science Yes Entry LevelInternships Summer internships

New Hampshire, University of

57

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 in its class. Business Administration, Computer Science, Economics, Electrical Engineering Yes Entry

New Hampshire, University of

58

The Advantages of Evolutionary Computation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolutionary computation is becoming common in the solution of difficult, real- world problems in industry, medicine, and defense. This paper reviews some of the practical advantages to using evolutionary algorithms as compared with classic meth- ods of optimization or artificial intelligence. Specific advantages include the flexibility of the procedures, as well as the ability to self-adapt the search for optimum

David B. Fogel

1997-01-01

59

PCR Offers No Advantage Over Culture for Microbiologic Diagnosis in Cellulitis  

PubMed Central

Purpose Most cases of cellulitis are traditionally attributed to ?-hemolytic streptococci and Staphylococcus species, although in most cases, no organism is identified. Development of PCR using the conserved bacterial 16s-rRNA DNA permits identification of bacteria independent of conventional culture approaches and prior use of antibiotics. Methods We used PCR-based techniques to identify cellulitis etiology using aspirate samples from affected skin. Saline was infiltrated and aspirated at the site of greatest erythema or at the cellulitic border. Samples were tested for 16s-rRNA DNA and organism-specific probes used to identify bacteria commonly seen in skin infections. Results Aspirates from 32 patients were studied and16s-rRNA DNA was detected in 9/32 of the cases (28.1%). Bacterial species were identified by PCR methods in 6/9 (66.6%). S. aureus was identified in 4/6 samples, and 2/6 were methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Of patients with positive aspirate bacterial cultures (3/9, 33.3%), S. aureus was present on culture in 2/3 (66.6%) positive samples, and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) was present on culture in 2/3 (66.6%) positive samples. Only in one of the three positive bacterial cultures did the PCR method detect the same organism as was detected by culture. Among patients with positive provider-collected clinical cultures, MRSA was the predominant organism (11/18, 61.1%) and when present, it was found as the sole organism. Where S. aureus or Streptococcus species were detected by molecular methods, clinical cultures yielded a positive result as well. Conclusions PCR-based techniques do not appear to be more sensitive than aspirate cultures for detection of pathogens in cellulitis. PMID:22802097

Johnson, Kristine E.; Kiyatkin, Dmitry E.; An, Amanda T.; Riedel, Stefan; Melendez, Johan; Zenilman, Jonathan M.

2012-01-01

60

Commentary: binding early offers versus caps for medical malpractice claims?  

PubMed

Like damages caps, early offer reform promises reduction in the costs of medical liability cases. In contrast to damages caps, early offer reform offers advantages to both claimant and defendant. Under early offer, the defendant would have the option to offer an injured patient periodic payments for the patient's net economic losses as they accrue, but not payments for noneconomic losses (pain and suffering). If an early offer were made and accepted, that would settle the claim. This commentary(1) explains how an early offer reform might work and summarizes data from a recent closed claim study of medical malpractice cases in Texas and Florida. The data show widespread opportunities for successful early offers and provide evidence that substantial per case savings would result. PMID:17517116

O'Connell, Jeffrey

2007-06-01

61

Practical advantages of evolutionary computation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Evolutionary computation is becoming a common technique for solving difficult, real-world problems in industry, medicine, and defense. This paper reviews some of the practical advantages to using evolutionary algorithms as compared with classic methods of optimization or artificial intelligence. Specific advantages include the flexibility of the procedures, as well as their ability to self-adapt the search for optimum solutions on the fly. As desktop computers increase in speed, the application of evolutionary algorithms will become routine.

Fogel, David B.

1997-10-01

62

Advantages and limitations of automatic flexible endoscope reprocessors.  

PubMed

The advantages and limitations of automatic flexible endoscope reprocessors (AFERs) are presented. These medical devices can increase patient safety and minimize personnel exposure to the liquid chemical germicide and its vapors. Some models feature a printer to document important reprocessing parameters, an in-line tap water filtration system to reduce the likelihood of endoscope (and patient) contamination, and a heater to satisfy the elevated temperature requirements of some liquid chemical germicide labels. Although they offer significant advantages compared with manual reprocessing, AFERs have their limitations. Current models do not automate every endoscope reprocessing step and are not typically designed to reprocess every endoscope channel. Some AFER models may have to be periodically decontaminated to ensure that their internal components do not support microbial colonization. Moreover, their cost per cycle can be considerably more than manual reprocessing without necessarily reducing overall reprocessing time. Its limitations notwithstanding, an AFER is likely to be an asset in a busy endoscopy center. In addition to comparing automated and manual reprocessing, this article addresses important reprocessing issues and purchasing concerns. PMID:8870914

Muscarella, L F

1996-08-01

63

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description products have a 98% Customer Satisfaction rating! Due to growth we have moved our headquarters to a new 180&D, QA, Customer Service, Marketing and Product Management departments are not out-sourced. Our GTAC team

Pringle, James "Jamie"

64

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 are our top priority, and team members are our greatest asset! Computer Engineering, Computer Science

New Hampshire, University of

65

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description Ecology or Management, Environmental Science, or Veterinary Science. The large number of animals.yorkcenterforwildlife.org Wildlife Rehabilitation Company Overview: Degree: Unpaid Fall, Spring, Summer No Career & Internship Fair

New Hampshire, University of

66

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description of Science Program in Civil Engineering or related engineering fields. Working knowledge of computer Overview: Degree: Paid Fall, Spring, Summer Yes Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 -- 12:00-4:00pm

New Hampshire, University of

67

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description Overview: Degree: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 -- 12:00-4:00pm Yes Software Engineer Permanent Residency or US Citizenship required. Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Electrical

New Hampshire, University of

68

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 and dispatching and asset maintenance. Computer Science Yes Entry LevelInternships Software Engineer (Intern

New Hampshire, University of

69

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description Company Overview: Degree: Yes Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 -- 12:00-4:00pm Not at this time, Chemistry, Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Economics, Electrical Engineering, Math & Statistics

New Hampshire, University of

70

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 program. Computer Science Yes Entry LevelInternships Software Intern Whittemore Center Jacobs Technology

New Hampshire, University of

71

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: Yes Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013, and dramatically change the price/performance of data center networks. Computer Engineering, Computer Science

New Hampshire, University of

72

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 in providing innovative products and services to the life science market. Our SaaS based business collaboration

New Hampshire, University of

73

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description/Hardware Company Overview: Degree: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 -- 12:00-4:00pm Yes Pre of ownership. Computer Engineering, Computer Science No Entry LevelInternships Whittemore Center Oracle

New Hampshire, University of

74

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 submarine technology to a new level. Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Electrical

New Hampshire, University of

75

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 Majors, Thompson School Applied Science No Entry LevelInternships Whittemore Center PC Connection, Inc

New Hampshire, University of

76

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career and Internship Fair March 5, 2013 -- 12 America, Asia and Europe as well as a global sales and support network. Computer Science, Electrical

Pringle, James "Jamie"

77

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: No Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013, Computer Engineering, Computer Science, Economics, Liberal Arts Majors, Math & Statistics Yes Entry Level

New Hampshire, University of

78

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: Unsure Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 -- 12:00-4:00pm Yes Sales, Finance, Customer Service, IT, Quality, Lab Science Thermo Fisher Scientific

New Hampshire, University of

79

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description in engineering design process and materials science Strong written and oral communication skills Must be able & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 -- 12:00-4:00pm Yes Engineer Level I Safran is a world-class manufacturer

New Hampshire, University of

80

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

Company: Industry: Website: Majors: Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s): Description: Description: Paid/Unpaid: When: Hire International Students: Unsure Career & Internship Fair October 22, 2013 and on-going marketing program support. Computer Engineering, Computer Science No Entry Level

New Hampshire, University of

81

Home advantage in Greek football.  

PubMed

Home advantage as it relates to team performance at football was examined in Superleague Greece using nine seasons of game-by-game performance data, a total of 2160 matches. After adjusting for team ability and annual fluctuations in home advantage, there were significant differences between teams. Previous findings regarding the role of territorial protection were strengthened by the fact that home advantage was above average for the team from Xanthi (P =0.015), while lower for teams from the capital city Athens (P =0.008). There were differences between home and away teams in the incidence of most of the 13 within-game match variables, but associated effect sizes were only moderate. In contrast, outcome ratios derived from these variables, and measuring shot success, had negligible effect sizes. This supported a previous finding that home and away teams differed in the incidence of on-the-ball behaviours, but not in their outcomes. By far the most important predictor of home advantage, as measured by goal difference, was the difference between home and away teams in terms of kicked shots from inside the penalty area. Other types of shots had little effect on the final score. The absence of a running track between spectators and the playing field was also a significant predictor of goal difference, worth an average of 0.102 goals per game to the home team. Travel distance did not affect home advantage. PMID:24533517

Armatas, Vasilis; Pollard, Richard

2014-01-01

82

Placement Offer Form EMPLOYER INFORMATION  

E-print Network

Education. The university offers education in different fields: English philology Physiotherapy Cosmetology-mail address intexchange@osw.olsztyn.pl PLACEMENT INFORMATION Department / Function Physiotherapy, cosmetology

Chamzas, Christodoulos

83

Plant Diagnostic Clinic Services Offered & Fees  

E-print Network

Plant Diagnostic Clinic Services Offered & Fees Make the Most of a Beneficial Facility Visual *$10.00/sample non-Jefferson County resident Identification of plants: o $2.00 per species o $5.00 per species non-Jefferson County resident o Maximum of 10 plants per person * Additional $3.00 surcharge per

84

Antecedents and consequence of Korean and Japanese new product advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

From plasma flat-screen TVs to hybrid gas-electric cars, a wide range of new products are being introduced by South Korean and Japanese companies to eager buyers around the world. These new products are often perceived as more innovative, unique, and satisfying compared to competitive offerings, i.e. as advantageous. To understand how Korean and Japanese firms are injecting advantage into new

Cheryl Nakata; Subin Im; Young-Won Ha

2006-01-01

85

Energy Advantages for Green Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of many advantages associated with central utility systems, school campuses, from large universities to elementary schools, have used district energy for decades. District energy facilities enable thermal and electric utilities to be generated with greater efficiency and higher system reliability, while requiring fewer maintenance and…

Griffin, J. Tim

2012-01-01

86

Corporate Connections The Bath Advantage  

E-print Network

Corporate Connections The Bath Advantage Daniel Goord, BSc in Business Administration, on placement The Corporate Partners Scheme Contact us (inside back cover) www.bathconnectsyou.com Contents 02 03 05 06 06 07 have an excellent reputation for business education and international research. We work with a wide

Burton, Geoffrey R.

87

Plasma treatment advantages for textiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The textile industry is searching for innovative production techniques to improve the product quality, as well as society requires new finishing techniques working in environmental respect. Plasma surface treatments show distinct advantages, because they are able to modify the surface properties of inert materials, sometimes with environment friendly devices. For fabrics, cold plasma treatments require the development of reliable and

Amelia Sparavigna

2008-01-01

88

Dow Corning photonics: the silicon advantage in automotive photonics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Automotive Market offers several opportunities for Dow Corning to leverage the power of silicon-based materials. Dow Corning Photonics Solutions has a number of developments that may be attractive for the emergent photonics needs in automobiles, building on 40 years of experience as a leading Automotive supplier with a strong foundation of expertise and an extensive product offering- from encapsulents and highly reliable resins, adhesives, insulating materials and other products, ensuring that the advantage of silicones are already well-embedded in Automotive systems, modules and components. The recent development of LED encapsulants of exceptional clarity and stability has extended the potential for Dow Corning"s strength in Photonics to be deployed "in-car". Demonstration of board-level and back-plane solutions utilising siloxane waveguide technology offers new opportunities for systems designers to integrate optical components at low cost on diverse substrates. Coupled with work on simple waveguide technology for sensors and data communications applications this suite of materials and technology offerings is very potent in this sector. The harsh environment under hood and the very extreme thermal range that materials must sustain in vehicles due to both their engine and the climate is an applications specification that defines the siloxane advantage. For these passive optics applications the siloxanes very high clarity at the data-communications wavelengths coupled with extraordinary stability offers significant design advantage. The future development of Head-Up-Displays for instrumentation and data display will offer yet more opportunities to the siloxanes in Automotive Photonics.

Clapp, Terry V.; Paquet, Rene; Norris, Ann; Pettersen, Babette

2005-02-01

89

Plasma treatment advantages for textiles  

E-print Network

The textile industry is searching for innovative production techniques to improve the product quality, as well as society requires new finishing techniques working in environmental respect. Plasma surface treatments show distinct advantages, because they are able to modify the surface properties of inert materials, sometimes with environment friendly devices. For fabrics, cold plasma treatments require the development of reliable and large systems. Such systems are now existing and the use of plasma physics in industrial problems is rapidly increasing. On textile surfaces, three main effects can be obtained depending on the treatment conditions: the cleaning effect, the increase of microroughness (anti-pilling finishing of wool) and the production of radicals to obtain hydrophilic surfaces. Plasma polymerisation, that is the deposition of solid polymeric materials with desired properties on textile substrates, is under development. The advantage of such plasma treatments is that the modification turns out to ...

Sparavigna, Amelia

2008-01-01

90

Offered Fall Semester: Biological Physics  

E-print Network

, random walks, diffusion, Einstein relations, entropic forces, stretching and melting of biopolymersOffered Fall Semester: Biological Physics Physics 466 / Physics 566 (conjoint) provides biology. Graduate (566) students carry out calculational and/or literature research projects on topics

Collins, Gary S.

91

addition 245 Addition sur  

E-print Network

;addition 253 Générateur VHDL : ADD_SUB paramétrable library IEEE; use IEEE.std_logic_1164.all, IEEE.std_logic_components.all; entity ADD_SUB is generic ( N : positive := 6); port ( A, B : in std_logic_vector(N-1 downto 0); AS_IN : in std_logic; AS_OUT : out std_logic; S : out std_logic_vector(N-1 downto 0)); end ADD_SUB; architecture

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

92

Nottingham Advantage Award Module Guide 2012/13  

E-print Network

in the all­round learning experience our University has to offer. The Nottingham Advantage Award is what modules and what you will gain from them. Once you have decided on a module you would like to take, visit to module. http://workspace.nottingham.ac.uk/naamy To keep up­to­date with the latest news about the award

Hopkins, Gail

93

Selective advantage of diffusing faster.  

PubMed

We study a stochastic spatial model of biological competition in which two species have the same birth and death rates, but different diffusion constants. In the absence of this difference, the model can be considered as an off-lattice version of the voter model and presents similar coarsening properties. We show that even a relative difference in diffusivity on the order of a few percent may lead to a strong bias in the coarsening process favoring the more agile species. We theoretically quantify this selective advantage and present analytical formulas for the average growth of the fastest species and its fixation probability. PMID:24856726

Pigolotti, Simone; Benzi, Roberto

2014-05-01

94

Home advantage in the Winter Olympics (1908-1998).  

PubMed

We obtained indices of home advantage, based on the medals won by competing nations, for each event held at the Winter Olympics from 1908 to 1998. These indices were designed to assess home advantage while controlling for nation strength, changes in the number of medals on offer and the performance of 'non-hosting' nations. Some evidence of home advantage was found in figure skating, freestyle skiing, ski jumping, alpine skiing and short track speed skating. In contrast, little or no home advantage was observed in ice hockey, Nordic combined, Nordic skiing, bobsled, luge, biathlon or speed skating. When all events were combined, a significant home advantage was observed (P = 0.029), although no significant differences in the extent of home advantage were found between events (P > 0.05). When events were grouped according to whether they were subjectively assessed by judges, significantly greater home advantage was observed in the subjectively assessed events (P = 0.037). This was a reflection of better home performances, suggesting that judges were scoring home competitors disproportionately higher than away competitors. Familiarity with local conditions was shown to have some effect, particularly in alpine skiing, although the bobsled and luge showed little or no advantage over other events. Regression analysis showed that the number of time zones and direction of travel produced no discernible trends or differences in performance. PMID:11217011

Balmer, N J; Nevill, A M; Williams, A M

2001-02-01

95

Wellness Offerings September 17, 2009  

E-print Network

.S. Preventive Medicine !" !" ! ! ! ! ! ! !" ! Kaiser ! Uses Health Media to run HRA and online health coachingWellness Offerings September 17, 2009 Vendor Health Risk Assessment Online Content and Decision Tools Telephonic Health Coaching On-site Health Coaching Biometric Screening On-site Health Promotion

Kay, Mark A.

96

Technology Offer Extension of the microscope stage of an  

E-print Network

Technology Offer Extension of the microscope stage of an optical microscope Keywords life cell imaging, microscope stage insert, microscope slide imaging, life cell imaging culture chambers Advantages This prototype expands the possibilities of ibidi® Slides. It enables continuous microscope operations during

97

Offering-level strategy formulation in health service organizations.  

PubMed

One of six different strategies must be selected for a health service offering to provide consumers with distinctive value and achieve sustainable competitive advantage in a market or market segment. Decisions must be made regarding objectives sought, market segmentation, market scope, and the customer-value proposition that will be pursued. PMID:2118882

Pointer, D D

1990-01-01

98

Medicare Advantage update: benefits, enrollment, and payments after the ACA.  

PubMed

In 2012, the Medicare program paid private health plans $136 billion to cover about 13 million beneficiaries who received Part A and B benefits through the Medicare Advantage (MA) program rather than traditional fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare. Private plans have been a part of the program since the 1970s. Debate about the policy goals--Should they cost less per beneficiary than FFS Medicare? Should they be available to all beneficiaries? Should they be able to offer additional benefits?--has long accompanied Medicare's private plan option.This debate is reflected in the history of Medicare payment policy,and policy decisions over the years have affected plans' willingness to participate and beneficiaries' enrollment at different periods of the program. Recently, evidence that the Medicare program was paying more per beneficiary in MA relative to what would have been spent under FFS Medicare prompted policymakers to reduce MA payments in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA). So far, plans continue to participate in MA and enrollment continues to grow, but payment reductions in 2012 through 2014 have been partially offset by payments made to plans through the quality bonus payment demonstration.This brief contains recent data on plan enrollment, availability, and benefits and discusses MA plan payment policy, including changes to MA payment made in the ACA and their actual and projected effects. PMID:24049878

Linehan, Kathryn

2013-07-19

99

32 CFR 536.64 - Final offers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...offer notice will contain sufficient detail to outline each element of damages as well as discuss contributory negligence, the SOL or other reasons justifying a compromise offer. The offer letter should include language indicating that if the offer is...

2010-07-01

100

32 CFR 536.64 - Final offers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...offer notice will contain sufficient detail to outline each element of damages as well as discuss contributory negligence, the SOL or other reasons justifying a compromise offer. The offer letter should include language indicating that if the offer is...

2011-07-01

101

The offerings from the Hyperboreans.  

PubMed

The ancient Greeks believed that the fruits of agriculture could be harvested only if one first appeased the spirit of the primitive avatars from which the edible crop had been evolved over the centuries through hybridization and cultivation. On occasion, this appeasement was secured through the sacrifice of a human victim, a person who for various reasons could be considered to represent a similar primitivism. By the classical age, this extreme form of sacrificial appeasement appears to have been reserved for times of unusual crisis, such as pestilence or natural disaster, for at such times, the resurgent forces of primitivism seemed to threaten the entire civilization with regression back to its wilder origins. Other forms of appeasement were ordinarily substituted for the actual offering of a human victim. Amongst these was the enactment of puberty rites, for the natural growth and maturation of an individual could be thought to symbolize this same evolutionary process. Each infant is born as a wild creature who must develop into a socialized adult through the metaphoric death of its former self as it assumes the responsibilities of civilized life in crossing the threshold to sexual maturity. A similar symbolic victim was customarily represented by the offering of first fruits. A portion of the cultivated crop was prematurely cut and consecrated to redeem and release the ripening harvest from the dangerous contamination with the spirits of its pre-agricultural precedents. On the island of Delos, a special version of this consecration was performed. Each year, the various Greek cities would send a sheaf of unripened grain to the sanctuary of the god Apollo and his twin sister Artemis. Amongst these annual offerings, there was one that was supposed to have originated from the Hyperboreans, a mythical people who were thought to live in the original homeland of the two gods. This special Hyperborean offering differed from the others, for it was said to contain a secret item hidden within the sheaf. The mythical traditions about these Hyperboreans recalled the Hellenic peoples' Indo-European origins, back in the time before the tribal migrations that brought them eventually into the Mediterranean lands, and the secret offering pertained to Apollo's more ancient religion in that pre-Greek Hyperborean context.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:6685798

Ruck, C A

1983-08-01

102

A Resource-based View of the Competitive Advantages of Cities : Empirical Results on Advantages for Headquarters in Vienna for Central Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a resource-based approach to the competitive advantages of cities by combining Porter's diamond model with a re- source-based view of the firm. Locations may realize sustainable competitive advantage if they offer resources and competencies that are difficult to transfer to and imitate by other locations, and if these resources are complementary to the core competen- cies of multinational

Josef Windsperger

103

Offered: Offered: Position(s): Position(s)  

E-print Network

processes and procedures, and providing technical expertise/support to manufacturing. Additional tasks may with engineering tasks including participating in new product/process development, establishing manufacturing include, development testing, fixture design, technical documentation, parts machining, production line

New Hampshire, University of

104

Airtraq optical laryngoscope: advantages and disadvantages.  

PubMed

Difficult or unsuccesful tracheal intubation is one of the important causes for morbidity and mortality in susceptible patients. Almost 30% of the anesthesia-related deaths are induced by the complications of difficult airway management and more than 85% of all respiratory related complications cause brain injury or death. Nowadays, due to the advances in technology, new videolaryngoscopic devices became available. Airtraq is a novel single-use laryngoscope which provides glottis display without any deviation in the normal position of the oral, pharyngeal or the tracheal axes. With the help of the display lens glottis and the surrounding structures are visualised and under direct view of its tip the tracheal tube is introduced between the vocal cords. In patients having restricted neck motion or limited mouth opening (provided that it is greater than 3 cm) Airtraq offers the advantage of a better display. Moreover the video image can be transfered to an external monitor thus an experienced specialist can provide assistance and an educational course can be conducted simultaneously. On the other hand the Airtraq videolaryngoscopic devices possess certain disadvantages including the need of experience and the time demand for the operator to learn how to use them properly, the rapid deterioration of their display in the presence of a swelling or a secretion and the fact that they are rather complicated and expensive devices. The Airtraq device has already documented benefits in the management of difficult airways, however serial utilization obviously necessitates experience. PMID:24180160

Saracoglu, Kemal Tolga; Eti, Zeynep; Gogus, Fevzi Yilmaz

2013-06-01

105

Vegetarian diets: what are the advantages?  

PubMed

A growing body of scientific evidence indicates that wholesome vegetarian diets offer distinct advantages compared to diets containing meat and other foods of animal origin. The benefits arise from lower intakes of saturated fat, cholesterol and animal protein as well as higher intakes of complex carbohydrates, dietary fiber, magnesium, folic acid, vitamin C and E, carotenoids and other phytochemicals. Since vegetarians consume widely divergent diets, a differentiation between various types of vegetarian diets is necessary. Indeed, many contradictions and misunderstandings concerning vegetarianism are due to scientific data from studies without this differentiation. In the past, vegetarian diets have been described as being deficient in several nutrients including protein, iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin B12 and A, n-3 fatty acids and iodine. Numerous studies have demonstrated that the observed deficiencies are usually due to poor meal planning. Well-balanced vegetarian diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including children, adolescents, pregnant and lactating women, the elderly and competitive athletes. In most cases, vegetarian diets are beneficial in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, cancer, osteoporosis, renal disease and dementia, as well as diverticular disease, gallstones and rheumatoid arthritis. The reasons for choosing a vegetarian diet often go beyond health and well-being and include among others economical, ecological and social concerns. The influences of these aspects of vegetarian diets are the subject of the new field of nutritional ecology that is concerned with sustainable life styles and human development. PMID:15702597

Leitzmann, Claus

2005-01-01

106

Advantages of redeployable security systems  

SciTech Connect

Security systems must be proven dependable, cost effective, easily installed and maintained. Further, these technologies should not require skilled technicians to install, align, maintain and/or repair during the project`s life cycle. These new priorities and financial demands have to be addressed utilizing various existing and proven technologies that have been developed and are currently being applied. One of these technologies directly relates to the development and application of rapid deployment and redeployable sensor systems that permit flexible asset protection and smaller perimeters within a given complex, rather than intrusion detection systems for an entire facility. Both Rapid Deployment Intrusion Detection System (RDIDS), and Redeployable Intrusion Detection System (RIDS) technologies can be designed for operation in any weather conditions, impervious to salt air, chemical and most explosive environments, as well as highly resistant to false alarms. These systems utilize photovoltaic power with 12-hour battery backup as their primary source of energy. Sensor systems can be integrated with Radio Frequency (RF) polling transceivers operating in the VHF or UHF frequencies. This enhancement offers extensive flexibility and substantial cash savings Is compared to hard wired installations. RDIDS and RIDS can be deployed for limited areas and be operational in a fraction of the time required for conventional systems. The result affords a fully warranted long life RIDS, modular in design, flexible in application, false alarm free, self-diagnostic, and impervious to most environmental conditions. Further, RIDS can be engineered to interface with fiber optic technology thereby ensuring quality transmission in rural environments. Fiber optic integration proves even more effective when using CCTV cameras. The fiber optic module can be used for monitoring the tamper and alarm circuits as well as video transmission.

Birch, A.

1993-12-31

107

Addition Fun!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will have the opportunity to practice their additions skills through a variety of addition games. To practice addition, click Memory Addition! Race the clock while learning your addition facts. Click on Flashcard Races. For this last game, come and get me so I can watch and check you addition skills! Click Last Game! ...

Bingham, Mrs.

2007-11-27

108

Physical activity programs offered in substance abuse treatment facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Responses from 50 practicing therapeutic recreation specialists indicate that physical activity programs are an important part of substance abuse treatment. Walking, games, sports, weight training, and aerobics were offered most frequently. Respondents expressed concern about their academic preparation in physical activities and offered suggestions for curricular revision. Recreation or activity therapists responding to this survey indicated that additional coursework would

David Kremer; Marjorie J. Malkin; John J. Benshoff

1995-01-01

109

Good things come to those who wait: late first offers facilitate creative agreements in negotiation.  

PubMed

Although previous research has shown that making the first offer leads to a distributive advantage in negotiations, the current research explored how the timing of first offers affects the creativity of negotiation agreements. We hypothesized that making the first offer later rather than earlier in the negotiation would facilitate the discovery of creative agreements that better meet the parties' underlying interests. Experiment 1 demonstrated that compared with early first offers, late first offers facilitated creative agreements that better met the parties' underlying interests. Experiments 2a and 2b controlled for the duration of the negotiation and conceptually replicated this effect. The last two studies also demonstrated that the beneficial effect of late first offers was mediated by greater information exchange. Thus, negotiators need to consider the timing of first offers to fully capitalize on the first offer advantage. Implications for our understanding of creativity, motivated information exchange, and timing in negotiations are discussed. PMID:23696126

Sinaceur, Marwan; Maddux, William W; Vasiljevic, Dimitri; Perez Nückel, Ricardo; Galinsky, Adam D

2013-06-01

110

Addition Facts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Play these addition games to review your addition facts. 1. First, to review of your addition facts you will practice them by using these flashcards. Flashcards After you review your addition facts by using the flashcards, you get to play some addition games! Try your hardest and have fun! 2. Play this addition fishing game Addition Fishing Game 3. Next you get to practice your ...

Felsted, Ms.

2010-04-12

111

Hollow Retroreflectors Offer Solid Benefits  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A technician who lead a successful team of scientists, engineers, and other technicians in the design, fabrication, and characterization of cryogenic retroreflectors for the NASA Cassini/Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) mission to Saturn, developed a hollow retroreflector technology while working at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. With 16 years of NASA experience, the technician teamed up with another NASA colleague and formed PROSystems, Inc., of Sharpsburg, Maryland, to provide the optics community with an alternative source for precision hollow retroreflectors. The company's hollow retroreflectors are front surface glass substrates assembled to provide many advantages over existing hollow retroreflectors and solid glass retroreflectors. Previous to this new technology, some companies chose not to use hollow retroreflectors due to large seam widths and loss of signal. The "tongue and groove" facet design of PROSystems's retroreflector allows for an extremely small seam width of .001 inches. Feedback from users is very positive regarding this characteristic. Most of PROSystems's primary customers mount the hollow retroreflectors in chrome steel balls for laser tracker targets in applications such as automobile manufacturing and spacecraft assembly.

2001-01-01

112

Exploring for Competitive Advantages in Business Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

In hypercompetitive business markets, the ability to develop unique competitive advantages often spells the difference between corporate success and failure. Overlaying segmentation with multiattribute analysis yields a competitive advantage matrix that provides perspectives for uncovering new competitive advantages. The scheme accomplishes this by systematically assessing variances among ideal, perceived, and actual ratings on key attributes for the company’s own brand

John A. Weber

1997-01-01

113

Comparing Mechanical Advantage and Efficiency of Pulleys  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab activity is designed to allow students to experience what an increase in mechanical advantage means. Students determine the mechanical advantage of three pulley set-ups. Students also measure the work input and output, then calculate the efficiency. Finally, students determine the relationship between the mechanical advantage and the efficiency of the pulleys.

Leatham, Shelly

114

Offering an Array of Improvements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sensors Unlimited, Inc., with SBIR funding from NASA's Langley Research Center, Goddard Space Flight Center, Marshall Space Flight Center, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, developed a monolithic focal plane array for near-infrared imaging. The company developed one- (1- D) and two-dimensional (2-D) imaging arrays consisting of a highly reliable InGaAs p-I-n diode as a photodetector for monitoring a variety of applications, including single element device applications in receivers. The InGaAs 1-D and 2-D arrays have many applications. For example, they monitor the performance of dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) systems- the process of packaging many channels into a single fiber-optic cable. Sensors Unlimited commercially offers its LXTM and LYTM Series InGaAs linear arrays for reliable DWDM performance monitoring. The LX and LY arrays enable instrument module designs with no moving parts, which provides for superior uniformity, and fast, linear outputs that remain stable over a wide temperature range. Innovative technologies derived from the monolithic focal plane array have enabled telecommunication companies to optimize existing bandwidth in their fiber-optic networks in order to support a high volume of network traffic. At the same time, the technologies obtained from the array have the potential for reducing costs, while increasing performance from Sensors Unlimited's current product lines.

2001-01-01

115

Competitive advantage on a warming planet.  

PubMed

Whether you're in a traditional smokestack industry or a "clean" business like investment banking, your company will increasingly feel the effects of climate change. Even people skeptical about global warming's dangers are recognizing that, simply because so many others are concerned, the phenomenon has wide-ranging implications. Investors already are discounting share prices of companies poorly positioned to compete in a warming world. Many businesses face higher raw material and energy costs as more and more governments enact policies placing a cost on emissions. Consumers are taking into account a company's environmental record when making purchasing decisions. There's also a burgeoning market in greenhouse gas emission allowances (the carbon market), with annual trading in these assets valued at tens of billions of dollars. Companies that manage and mitigate their exposure to the risks associated with climate change while seeking new opportunities for profit will generate a competitive advantage over rivals in a carbon-constrained future. This article offers a systematic approach to mapping and responding to climate change risks. According to Jonathan Lash and Fred Wellington of the World Resources Institute, an environmental think tank, the risks can be divided into six categories: regulatory (policies such as new emissions standards), products and technology (the development and marketing of climate-friendly products and services), litigation (lawsuits alleging environmental harm), reputational (how a company's environmental policies affect its brand), supply chain (potentially higher raw material and energy costs), and physical (such as an increase in the incidence of hurricanes). The authors propose a four-step process for responding to climate change risk: Quantify your company's carbon footprint; identify the risks and opportunities you face; adapt your business in response; and do it better than your competitors. PMID:17348173

Lash, Jonathan; Wellington, Fred

2007-03-01

116

Competitive advantage of PET/MRI.  

PubMed

Multimodality imaging has made great strides in the imaging evaluation of patients with a variety of diseases. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is now established as the imaging modality of choice in many clinical conditions, particularly in oncology. While the initial development of combined PET/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) was in the preclinical arena, hybrid PET/MR scanners are now available for clinical use. PET/MRI combines the unique features of MRI including excellent soft tissue contrast, diffusion-weighted imaging, dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging, fMRI and other specialized sequences as well as MR spectroscopy with the quantitative physiologic information that is provided by PET. Most evidence for the potential clinical utility of PET/MRI is based on studies performed with side-by-side comparison or software-fused MRI and PET images. Data on distinctive utility of hybrid PET/MRI are rapidly emerging. There are potential competitive advantages of PET/MRI over PET/CT. In general, PET/MRI may be preferred over PET/CT where the unique features of MRI provide more robust imaging evaluation in certain clinical settings. The exact role and potential utility of simultaneous data acquisition in specific research and clinical settings will need to be defined. It may be that simultaneous PET/MRI will be best suited for clinical situations that are disease-specific, organ-specific, related to diseases of the children or in those patients undergoing repeated imaging for whom cumulative radiation dose must be kept as low as reasonably achievable. PET/MRI also offers interesting opportunities for use of dual modality probes. Upon clear definition of clinical utility, other important and practical issues related to business operational model, clinical workflow and reimbursement will also be resolved. PMID:23791129

Jadvar, Hossein; Colletti, Patrick M

2014-01-01

117

Food additives  

PubMed Central

Food additives are discussed from the food technology point of view. The reasons for their use are summarized: (1) to protect food from chemical and microbiological attack; (2) to even out seasonal supplies; (3) to improve their eating quality; (4) to improve their nutritional value. The various types of food additives are considered, e.g. colours, flavours, emulsifiers, bread and flour additives, preservatives, and nutritional additives. The paper concludes with consideration of those circumstances in which the use of additives is (a) justified and (b) unjustified. PMID:4467857

Spencer, Michael

1974-01-01

118

Transformation from Comparative Advantage to Competitive Advantage: A Way to Improve Regional Agricultural Competitiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primarily this paper analyses the internal correlation between comparative advantage and competitive advantage, and holds that there are no conflict and contradiction between the two. the industries with comparative advantage often easily to have strong comparative advantage. Then this paper analyses the factors influencing regional agricultural competitiveness, including resources endowment, ecological environment, quality of labour forces, infrastructure, technology innovation and

Neng-li Sun

2011-01-01

119

Cross-border utility investment: Translating investment risk into global advantage  

SciTech Connect

Investment in the rapidly expanding utility sector in many emerging markets offers real growth prospects for utility companies. But one must execute a global strategy that addresses the many additional risk factors, political obstacles, management challenges, tax complications and long-term funding requirements to succeed in this demanding environment. There is skepticism in some quarters that investments in foreign assets will prove fruitful for utilities and their shareholders. US utilities must realiza higher returns on foreign investment in order to compensate shareholders adequately for the added political and currency risk associated with these investments. This article describes the environment leading to cross-border power investment, several key strategic considerations related to the international power sector, and how these considerations can be used to create strategic advantage.

Cody, A. [Coopers & Lybrand`s Financial Advisory Group, Boston, MA (United States)] [Coopers & Lybrand`s Financial Advisory Group, Boston, MA (United States); Graham, E.

1995-06-01

120

THE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE OF INNOVATIVE REGIONAL CLUSTER  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic success of a country or region in the global competition for markets may depend largely on the concentration of development efforts for key areas where competitive advantages are resources and skills. In this context we propose to explain how national or multinational companies can benefit from their location in markets with high levels of competitive advantage, meaning innovative

TUDOR NISTORESCU; MARILENA BOGHEANU

2011-01-01

121

The Down Syndrome Advantage: Fact or Fiction?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Down syndrome advantage" is the popular conception that children with Down syndrome are easier to rear than children with other developmental disabilities. We assessed whether mothers of children with developmental disabilities would demonstrate a consistent Down syndrome advantage as their children aged from 12 to 18 years. Results did not…

Corrice, April M.; Glidden, Laraine Masters

2009-01-01

122

Sun Tzu and sustainable competitive advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainable competitive advantage (SCA) has been a strategic concern to enterprises. In the era of knowledge economy, such an advantage migrates to the human-brain oriented intangible assets, or, intellectual property right (IPR). Combined with strategy, this brings up the importance of multi-disciplinary integration and business renovation in management infrastructure for the sake of SCA. Because a strong philosophical foundation is

MuChiu Chang

2004-01-01

123

DHA Supplemented in Peptamen Diet Offers No Advantage in Pathways to Amyloidosis: Is It Time to Evaluate Composite Lipid Diet?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous reports have documented the beneficial effects of dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on beta-amyloid production and Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, none of these studies have examined and compared DHA, in combination with other dietary nutrients, for its effects on plaque pathogenesis. Potential interactions of DHA with other dietary nutrients and fatty acids are conventionally ignored. Here we investigated DHA with

Zareen Amtul; Mary Keet; Lin Wang; Peter Merrifield; David Westaway; Richard F. Rozmahel; Koichi M. Iijima

2011-01-01

124

DHA supplemented in peptamen diet offers no advantage in pathways to amyloidosis: is it time to evaluate composite lipid diet?  

PubMed

Numerous reports have documented the beneficial effects of dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on beta-amyloid production and Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, none of these studies have examined and compared DHA, in combination with other dietary nutrients, for its effects on plaque pathogenesis. Potential interactions of DHA with other dietary nutrients and fatty acids are conventionally ignored. Here we investigated DHA with two dietary regimes; peptamen (pep+DHA) and low fat diet (low fat+DHA). Peptamen base liquid diet is a standard sole-source nutrition for patients with gastrointestinal dysfunction. Here we demonstrate that a robust AD transgenic mouse model shows an increased tendency to produce beta-amyloid peptides and amyloid plaques when fed a pep+DHA diet. The increase in beta-amyloid peptides was due to an elevated trend in the levels of beta-secretase amyloid precursor protein (APP) cleaving enzyme (BACE), the proteolytic C-terminal fragment beta of APP and reduced levels of insulin degrading enzyme that endoproteolyse beta-amyloid. On the contrary, TgCRND8 mice on low fat+DHA diet (based on an approximately 18% reduction of fat intake) ameliorate the production of abeta peptides and consequently amyloid plaques. Our work not only demonstrates that DHA when taken with peptamen may have a tendency to confer a detrimental affect on the amyloid plaque build up but also reinforces the importance of studying composite lipids or nutrients rather than single lipids or nutrients for their effects on pathways important to plaque development. PMID:21931647

Amtul, Zareen; Keet, Mary; Wang, Lin; Merrifield, Peter; Westaway, David; Rozmahel, Richard F

2011-01-01

125

Ladybug Addition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"This is an interesting lesson on addition that encourages class participation through role-play and concrete hands-on activity. Students practice putting two sets together to form a new set." (from Beacon Learning Center)

Center, Beacon L.

2008-12-16

126

Advantages and Disadvantages of Individualized Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of individualized instruction, known as the personalized system of instruction (PSI), in teaching college physical science courses. Tables summarizing the advantages and disadvantages of PSI from the viewpoints of students, teachers, and administrators are presented. (HM)

Jones, Merriam A.

1977-01-01

127

Exploring the Sequential Lineup Advantage Using WITNESS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advocates claim that the sequential lineup is an improvement over simultaneous lineup procedures, but no formal (quantitatively\\u000a specified) explanation exists for why it is better. The computational model WITNESS (Clark, Appl Cogn Psychol 17:629–654,\\u000a 2003) was used to develop theoretical explanations for the sequential lineup advantage. In its current form, WITNESS produced\\u000a a sequential advantage only by pairing conservative sequential

Charles A. Goodsell; Scott D. Gronlund; Curt A. Carlson

2010-01-01

128

Competitive Advantage of Nations and Regional Clusters  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This Chapter gives an overview of the main sources of national competitive advantages, based on Porter’s diamond model, and\\u000a discusses the role of regional clusters of industries. In this context it is explained, how MNCs can benefit from locating\\u000a their operations in country markets with a high level of national competitive advantage or in regional industry clusters.

Dirk Morschett; Hanna Schramm-Klein; Joachim Zentes

129

High School Physics Offerings by Socioeconomic Profile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This fall we have been examining physics classes in U.S. high schools by the principal's assessment of the socioeconomic profile of each school. This month we turn our focus to the distribution of high school physics enrollment across the different types of physics offered. Not only do fewer students take physics at "worse off" schools (see the October issue), but the types of physics courses students take also differs by socioeconomic profile. About 10% of the students taking physics at "worse off" schools take AP and second-year physics; almost 20% of the students at "better off" schools take these courses. At "worse off" schools, a higher proportion of students are enrolled in conceptual courses, including Physics First and regular physics taught using a conceptual textbook. The data we have presented over the last four months suggests that differences in physics taking in high school by blacks and Hispanics are driven, in part, by underlying socioeconomic factors. Other factors, such as the availability of additional seats in physics classes and the ability of teachers to attract students to physics, also impact physics taking. It is unlikely that the racial and ethnic differences in physics taking in high school will decrease unless the underlying factors are addressed.

2011-12-01

130

Phosphazene additives  

DOEpatents

An additive comprising a phosphazene compound that has at least two reactive functional groups and at least one capping functional group bonded to phosphorus atoms of the phosphazene compound. One of the at least two reactive functional groups is configured to react with cellulose and the other of the at least two reactive functional groups is configured to react with a resin, such as an amine resin of a polycarboxylic acid resin. The at least one capping functional group is selected from the group consisting of a short chain ether group, an alkoxy group, or an aryloxy group. Also disclosed are an additive-resin admixture, a method of treating a wood product, and a wood product.

Harrup, Mason K; Rollins, Harry W

2013-11-26

131

Undergraduate Degrees Offered: Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy  

E-print Network

the world outside the classroom." -Duncan Carter, Ph.D., Associate Dean, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Major topics in philosophy include morality, science, religion, art, persons, value, political. In addition, it offers courses that address moral and social issues that arise in relation to the environment

132

On quantum advantage in dense coding  

E-print Network

The quantum advantage of dense coding is studied, considering general encoding quantum operations. Particular attention is devoted to the case of many senders, and it is shown that restrictions on the possible operations on the senders' side may make some quantum state useless for dense-coding. It is shown, e.g., that some states are useful for dense coding if the senders can communicate classically (but not quantumly), yet they cannot be used for dense coding, if classical communication is not allowed. These no-go results are actually independent of the particular quantification of the quantum advantage, being valid for any reasonable choice. It is further shown that the quantum advantage of dense coding satisfies a monogamy relation with the so-called entanglement of purification.

M. Horodecki; M. Piani

2007-01-18

133

Calculating the Home Advantage in Soccer Leagues  

PubMed Central

A recent article published in the Journal of Human Kinetics (Saavedra et al., 2013) was based on a flawed methodology when calculating the home advantage values in soccer leagues. This led to incorrect calculations, false conclusions and some misleading results about home advantage in 52 soccer leagues of UEFA countries over a 10 year period. The aim of this letter was to explain these flaws and to make sure future research would not be influenced by the subsequent results and conclusions that had been presented PMID:25031667

Gomez, Miguel-Angel; Pollard, Richard

2014-01-01

134

Athletic Offerings in Private Junior Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little has been done to profile or describe private junior colleges, their role in the higher education landscape, their practices, and in particular, how these institutions use and offer athletic programming. The current study was designed to profile the athletic program offerings of private junior colleges and to describe the extent of their…

Morris, Adam; Modica, Jonathon; Miller, Michael

2010-01-01

135

48 CFR 25.503 - Group offers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the award would consist of prohibited end products (see Subpart 25.7); or (2) If the acquisition is covered by the WTO GPA and any part of the offer consists of items restricted in accordance with 25.403(c). (b) If an offer restricts...

2010-10-01

136

Distance Learning Offered in Rural Montana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to increasing demands from the field, the University of Montana-Western (UM-W) recently began to offer a bachelor's degree in Early Childhood Education that builds upon the associate degree. Students complete their general education credits, early childhood specialty courses, and an area of special emphasis. Courses are offered online or…

Bullard, Julie; Gilliard, Jennifer L.

2004-01-01

137

Hospital service offerings: does Catholic ownership matter?  

PubMed

Controlling for market and organizational characteristics, Catholic hospitals in 2001 offered more stigmatized and compassionate care services than investor-owned hospitals, and more stigmatized services than public hospitals. There were no differences between Catholic hospitals and other nonprofit hospitals, however, in the number of compassionate, stigmatized, and access services offered. This may reflect growing isomorphism in the nonprofit hospital sector. PMID:16648689

White, Kenneth R; Begun, James W; Tian, Wenqiang

2006-01-01

138

Phenylethynyl Containing Reactive Additives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Phenylethynyl containing reactive additives were prepared from aromatic diamine, containing phenylethvnvl groups and various ratios of phthalic anhydride and 4-phenylethynviphthalic anhydride in glacial acetic acid to form the imide in one step or in N-methyl-2-pvrrolidinone to form the amide acid intermediate. The reactive additives were mixed in various amounts (10% to 90%) with oligomers containing either terminal or pendent phenylethynyl groups (or both) to reduce the melt viscosity and thereby enhance processability. Upon thermal cure, the additives react and become chemically incorporated into the matrix and effect an increase in crosslink density relative to that of the host resin. This resultant increase in crosslink density has advantageous consequences on the cured resin properties such as higher glass transition temperature and higher modulus as compared to that of the host resin.

Connell, John W. (Inventor); Smith, Joseph G., Jr. (Inventor); Hergenrother, Paul M. (Inventor)

2002-01-01

139

Phenylethynyl Containing Reactive Additives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Phenylethynyl containing reactive additives were prepared from aromatic diamines containing phenylethynyl groups and various ratios of phthalic anhydride and 4-phenylethynylphthalic anhydride in glacial acetic acid to form the imide in one step or in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidi none to form the amide acid intermediate. The reactive additives were mixed in various amounts (10% to 90%) with oligomers containing either terminal or pendent phenylethynyl groups (or both) to reduce the melt viscosity and thereby enhance processability. Upon thermal cure, the additives react and become chemically incorporated into the matrix and effect an increase in crosslink density relative to that of the host resin. This resultant increase in crosslink density has advantageous consequences on the cured resin properties such as higher glass transition temperature and higher modulus as compared to that of the host resin.

Connell, John W. (Inventor); Smith, Joseph G., Jr. (Inventor); Hergenrother, Paul M. (Inventor)

2002-01-01

140

Lightning protection systems: advantages and disadvantages  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mechanics and interaction of lightning producing thunder clouds and earth, are discussed. Compared to the Franklin Air Terminal (rod) and Faraday Cage, the debatable advantages and disadvantages of the Early Streamer Emission Enhanced Ionizing Air Terminal, and Multipoint Discharge Systems, are examined along with conceptual future methods of lightning protection

D. W. Zipse

1993-01-01

141

Creating Competitive Advantage through Effective Management Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Managers trained in executive education programs (n=203) identified ways in which management education can increase an organization's competitive advantage: exposure to new ideas and practices, skill development, and motivation. Characteristics of effective management education included experience-based learning orientation, credible instructors,…

Longenecker, Clinton O.; Ariss, Sonny S.

2002-01-01

142

Testosterone, territoriality, and the ‘home advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

The consistently better performance seen by teams in various sporting contexts when playing at home is referred to as the ‘home advantage’. Various explanations have been put forward to account for this robust phenomenon, though none has yet focussed on possible hormonal factors. In an initial study, we showed that salivary testosterone levels in soccer players were significantly higher before

Nick Neave; Sandy Wolfson

2003-01-01

143

Vertical & Horizontal GHX's Advantages of Playing Together  

E-print Network

,000. Goldfield Oasis Leisure Centre, Kalgoorlie, WA Kalgoorlie, WA Goldfields Oasis Leisure Centre Perth Sydney Leisure Centre #12;4 Vertical & Horizontal GHX's Advantages of Playing Together IGSHPA Conference competitive pool and large leisure pool. In the last few years cost of electricity has increased

144

Dental Materials Advantages & Disadvantages PORCELAIN FUSED  

E-print Network

is a glass- like material that is "enameled" on top of metal shells. It is tooth- colored and is used for crowns and fixed bridges Advantages Good resistance to further decay if the restoration fits well Very durable, due to metal substructure The material does not cause tooth sensitivity Resists leakage because

Klein, Ophir

145

Productivity, exchange rates, and competitive advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to contextualize a productivity contest between a local manufacturer versus a foreign one, both of whom sell an identical product in the local market, within the two companies' respective economies. The intent is to delineate the conditions under which one firm gains a competitive advantage over the other. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The purchasing

Jacques A. Schnabel

2010-01-01

146

The competitive advantage of European nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses as its starting point Michael Porter's model of the national ‘diamond’ to explain the role of the national environment in the competitive position of industries and firms. The authors believe, however, that the influence of national culture on the competitive advantage of nations is given too little attention in this model. In particular, strong or weak uncertainty

Bosch van den F. A. J; Prooijen van A. A

1992-01-01

147

Advantageous Fuel Cell Catalysts from Colloidal Nanometals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Herein we report some wet chemical reduction methods used for the preparation of mono-, bi- and multi-metallic colloidal nanomaterials and electrocatalysts from them. The scope and limitations of these tunable syntheses and possible reasons for advantageous performances of the resulting fuel cell catalysts are elaborated. The preparation of organosols from the organoborate, and reductive stabilization (alkylaluminum) methods are summarized and

H. Bönnemann; K. S. Nagabhushana

148

Stakeholder cohesion, innovation, and competitive advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the limits of stakeholder governance and to contribute a better comprehension of the relationships between corporate social performance (CSP) and corporate financial performance (CFP) through the development of a dynamic model that links together innovation and change, stakeholder cohesion, and competitive advantage. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach takes the form of

Mario Minoja; Maurizio Zollo; Vittorio Coda

2010-01-01

149

What is the Evolutionary Advantage of Migraine?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Susceptibility to migraine is determined by genetic factors and is therefore subject to the forces of natural selection. Migraine is a common and ancient disorder whose prevalence may be increasing, suggesting that a migraine-prone nervous system may be associated with reproductive or survival advantages. Five evolutionary explanations are reviewed that might account for the persistence of migraine: (i) migraine as

E Loder

2002-01-01

150

Laser Micromachining: Advantages of Liquid Environments  

E-print Network

Laser Micromachining: Advantages of Liquid Environments Marc J. Palmeri Princeton University Arnold Lab #12;Outline � Motivation � Applications of laser micromachining � Problems with laser micromachining � How do lasers work? � What is laser micromachining? � Micromachining assembly � Methods

Petta, Jason

151

Predicting the Future: Advantages of Semilocal Units  

Microsoft Academic Search

In investigating gaussian radial basis function (RBF) networks for their ability to model nonlinear time series, we have found that while RBF networks are much faster than standard sigmoid unit backpropagation for low-dimensional problems, their advantages diminish in high-dimensional input spaces. This is particularly troublesome if the input space contains irrelevant variables. We suggest that this limitation is due to

Eric Hartman; James D. Keeler

1991-01-01

152

Classical Ricardian Theory of Comparative Advantage Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the classical Ricardian theory of comparative advantage, relative labor productivities determine trade patterns. The Ricardian model plays an important pedagogical role in international economics, but has received scant empirical attention since the 1960s. This paper assesses the contemporary relevance of the Ricardian model for US trade. Cross-section seemingly unrelated regressions of sectoral trade flows on relative labor productivity

Stephen S. Golub; Chang-Tai Hsieh

2000-01-01

153

Service Option Advantages / Disadvantages Fort Bend Shuttle  

E-print Network

(Operated by FBC) Option 2 Westwood Route 262 Extension to FB Park & Ride (Operated by METRO) Fort Bend Park & Ride (Operated by FBC) Fort Bend Park & Ride (Operated by METRO) ~700 Trips ~1,700 Trips ~1 improvement of service? Advantages · Increases Option 1 passenger capacity for transfers from FBC to METRO

154

Additive Manufacturing: Making Imagination the Major Limitation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Additive manufacturing (AM) refers to an advanced technology used for the fabrication of three-dimensional near-net-shaped functional components directly from computer models, using unit materials. The fundamentals and working principle of AM offer several advantages, including near-net-shape capabilities, superior design and geometrical flexibility, innovative multi-material fabrication, reduced tooling and fixturing, shorter cycle time for design and manufacturing, instant local production at a global scale, and material, energy, and cost efficiency. Well suiting the requests of modern manufacturing climate, AM is viewed as the new industrial revolution, making its way into a continuously increasing number of industries, such as aerospace, defense, automotive, medical, architecture, art, jewelry, and food. This overview was created to relate the historical evolution of the AM technology to its state-of-the-art developments and emerging applications. Generic thoughts on the microstructural characteristics, properties, and performance of AM-fabricated materials will also be discussed, primarily related to metallic materials. This write-up will introduce the general reader to specifics of the AM field vis-à-vis advantages and common techniques, materials and properties, current applications, and future opportunities.

Zhai, Yuwei; Lados, Diana A.; LaGoy, Jane L.

2014-05-01

155

What One Physicist Has to Offer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I was a particle theorist. In the early 1970s I began to analyze energy and its use in society. My theme is: What can physicists offer on a societal issue like energy? I have four topics: 1) Traffic safety and vehicle mass. The measurements are the record of some 40,000 deaths per year, vehicle characterizations and registrations. The statistical record is good, but information is lacking on physical processes in serious crashes. Our insight: while driver behavior is critical to safety, so is vehicle quality and design. Although one cannot definitively separate the injury impacts associated with momentum transfer from those due to intrusion, mass as such is not critical to safety. 2) Prospects for improving the energy efficiency of industrial processes. Our "measurements" were planning documents and interviews enabling us to analyze which "energy projects" were undertaken and which not. Insight: capital for projects was not allocated according to textbook economics; instead it was rationed. 3) Energy use by cars. Based on dynamometer studies motivated by the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, we created models of energy consumption that enable evaluation of modifications such as adopting a small engine while supplementing its capability for power. Insight: Vehicles could be designed to use much less fuel; but the gain for society is offset by low interest by new-car-buyers and manufacturers. 4) The effectiveness of automotive emissions controls. In addition to laboratory studies, we had surveys in "non-attainment" areas. Insight: Controls installed by original manufacturers are more robust and effective than repairs. Of the four, this is the one success for society. Conclusions: There are fascinating and solvable analytical challenges everywhere you look. But applications are hampered by the lack of a heritage and the close coupling between theorists and experimenters we know in physics.

Ross, Marc

2004-05-01

156

An Analysis of Nonunderwritten Rights Offers: The Case of Closed-END Funds  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study nonunderwritten rights offerings without subscription pre-commitments from large shareholders. The results indicate firms incur substantial indirect costs in the form of price concessions for raising equity capital this way. The data therefore support the selling cost explanation of the rights-offering paradox. Additionally, we describe how market participants collectively respond to intermediate such offerings. Southern Finance Association and the

James A. Miles; Mark A. Peterson

2002-01-01

157

16 CFR 502.101 - Introductory offers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...THE FAIR PACKAGING AND LABELING ACT Retail Sale Price Representations § 502...that such new commodity is offered for retail sale at a price lower than the anticipated ordinary and customary retail sale price. (b) The package...

2010-01-01

158

Offering Spiritual Support for Family or Friends  

MedlinePLUS

... that are meaningful for me? b What books, music, prayers, readings, art are meaningful for me? It ... experience with the person, offer prayer, spiritual readings, music or sacred rituals as appropriate or requested. b ...

159

16 CFR 238.2 - Initial offer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...a) No statement or illustration should be used in any advertisement which creates a false impression of the grade, quality, make, value, currency of model, size, color, usability, or origin of the product offered, or which may...

2010-01-01

160

Hospital Study Offers Solutions to 'Alarm Fatigue'  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Hospital Study Offers Solutions to 'Alarm Fatigue' 2.5 ... million alarms in one month at a U.S. hospital, a new study of "alarm fatigue" shows. Alarm ...

161

Connecting in Megaclasses: The Netnographic Advantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large universities are increasingly offering marketing courses in classes of 300 or more students. Without access to the usual verbal and nonverbal cues, instructors in these megaclasses are disadvantaged in terms of their ability to respond to learners' needs. As a result, marketing instructors have supplemented course infrastructure with…

O'Reilly, Norman J.; Rahinel, Ryan; Foster, Mary K.; Patterson, Mark

2007-01-01

162

The safety advantages of pentavalent vaccines.  

PubMed

The ever-growing vaccination schedule can cause patients, parents, and nurse practitioners undue concern. Combination vaccines may provide an answer. This integrative review demonstrates that pentavalent vaccines offer adequate immunity, are well tolerated, and safe when compared to vaccines administered separately. PMID:22430930

Merchant, Nida; Waldrop, Julee

2012-04-15

163

Sustainable competitive advantage for accountable care organizations.  

PubMed

In the current period of health industry reform, accountable care organizations (ACOs) have emerged as a new model for the delivery of high-quality and cost-effective healthcare. However, few ACOs operate in direct competition with one another, and the accountable care business model has yet to present a means of continually developing new marginal value for patients and network partners. With value-based purchasing and patient consumerism strengthening as market forces, ACOs must build organizational sustainability and competitive advantage to meet the value demands set by customers and competitors. This essay proposes a strategy, adapted from the disciplines of agile software development and Lean product development, through which ACOs can engage internal and external customers in the development of new products that will provide sustainability and competitive advantage to the organization by decreasing waste in development, promoting specialized knowledge, and closely targeting customer value. PMID:25154124

Macfarlane, Michael Alex

2014-01-01

164

Lightning protection systems: advantages and disadvantages  

Microsoft Academic Search

The successful 200-year-old method of using a (Franklin) rod to collect, control, and convey to earth the awesome and destructive power of lightning has produced other controversial, potential alternate methods. The mechanics and interaction of lightning-producing thunderclouds and earth are discussed. Compared to the Franklin air terminal (rod) and Faraday cage method, the debatable advantages and disadvantages of the early

Donald W. Zipse

1994-01-01

165

Giant magnetoimpedance for biosensing: Advantages and shortcomings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biosensors are an important area of modern sensor applications. Magnetoimpedance (MI) phenomenon was proposed for biosensing in 2003. Since that MI biosensor prototypes based on amorphous ribbons, multilayered structures, amorphous rapidly quenched wires and glass covered microwires were designed and tested. In this paper the advantages and shortcomings of MI-based devices for magnetic labels or label-free biodetection are discussed in view of recent results.

Kurlyandskaya, G. V.

2009-04-01

166

The Human Body: The Advantages of Specialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Being multicellular has definite advantages. The form and size of the human body, our ability to run and swim, the levels\\u000a of thought and sensation that we experience…all are a consequence of having a body that is composed of many cells. Because\\u000a we are composed of trillions of individual cells, our cells have the freedom to specialize on their own

David S. Goodsell

167

TELEVISED TRIALS: WEIGHING ADVANTAGES AGAINST DISADVANTAGES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent arguments over televised trials juxtapose purported advantages—education about judicial process, restoration of public confidence in the courts, and crime deterrent value—against potential disadvantages—increased prejudicial publicity and public embarrassment of defendants. Although no empirical research has been conducted to test either hypothesis, anecdotal evidence—concerned with news viewing motivation and attention, news recall and retention, and television's function in shaping public

SUSANNA R. BARBER; Suzanna R. Barber

1985-01-01

168

Regular Versus Online Versus Blended: A Qualitative Description of the Advantages of the Electronic Modes and a Quantitative Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first part of this article discusses the advantages of offering courses online or in a blended format from an instructor's and manager's perspective. These advantages include: (a) improved distance support of faculty in the delivery of courses; (b) effective delivery of tutoring for students; (c) increased facility in the sharing of digital course materials and learning objects; (d) greater

Michael Tang; Roxanne Byrne

2007-01-01

169

Transnasal endoscopy: Technical considerations, advantages and limitations.  

PubMed

Transnasal endoscopy (TNE) is an upper endoscopy method which is performed by the nasal route using a thin endoscope less than 6 mm in diameter. The primary goal of this method is to improve patient tolerance and convenience of the procedure. TNE can be performed without sedation and thus eliminates the risks associated with general anesthesia. In this way, TNE decreases the cost and total duration of endoscopic procedures, while maintaining the image quality of standard caliber endoscopes, providing good results for diagnostic purposes. However, the small working channel of the ultra-thin endoscope used for TNE makes it difficult to use for therapeutic procedures except in certain conditions which require a thinner endoscope. Biopsy is possible with special forceps less than 2 mm in diameter. Recently, TNE has been used for screening endoscopy in Far East Asia, including Japan. In most controlled studies, TNE was found to have better patient tolerance when compared to unsedated endoscopy. Nasal pain is the most significant symptom associated with endoscopic procedures but can be reduced with nasal pretreatment. Despite the potential advantage of TNE, it is not common in Western countries, usually due to a lack of training in the technique and a lack of awareness of its potential advantages. This paper briefly reviews the technical considerations as well as the potential advantages and limitations of TNE with ultra-thin scopes. PMID:24567791

Atar, Mustafa; Kadayifci, Abdurrahman

2014-02-16

170

Explaining Asian Americans' academic advantage over whites.  

PubMed

The superior academic achievement of Asian Americans is a well-documented phenomenon that lacks a widely accepted explanation. Asian Americans' advantage in this respect has been attributed to three groups of factors: (i) socio-demographic characteristics, (ii) cognitive ability, and (iii) academic effort as measured by characteristics such as attentiveness and work ethic. We combine data from two nationally representative cohort longitudinal surveys to compare Asian-American and white students in their educational trajectories from kindergarten through high school. We find that the Asian-American educational advantage is attributable mainly to Asian students exerting greater academic effort and not to advantages in tested cognitive abilities or socio-demographics. We test explanations for the Asian-white gap in academic effort and find that the gap can be further attributed to (i) cultural differences in beliefs regarding the connection between effort and achievement and (ii) immigration status. Finally, we highlight the potential psychological and social costs associated with Asian-American achievement success. PMID:24799702

Hsin, Amy; Xie, Yu

2014-06-10

171

Size Matters: Problems and Advantages Associated with Highly Miniaturized Sensors  

PubMed Central

There is no doubt that the recent advances in nanotechnology have made it possible to realize a great variety of new sensors with signal transduction mechanisms utilizing physical phenomena at the nanoscale. Some examples are conductivity measurements in nanowires, deflection of cantilevers and spectroscopy of plasmonic nanoparticles. The fact that these techniques are based on the special properties of nanostructural entities provides for extreme sensor miniaturization since a single structural unit often can be used as transducer. This review discusses the advantages and problems with such small sensors, with focus on biosensing applications and label-free real-time analysis of liquid samples. Many aspects of sensor design are considered, such as thermodynamic and diffusion aspects on binding kinetics as well as multiplexing and noise issues. Still, all issues discussed are generic in the sense that the conclusions apply to practically all types of surface sensitive techniques. As a counterweight to the current research trend, it is argued that in many real world applications, better performance is achieved if the active sensor is larger than that in typical nanosensors. Although there are certain specific sensing applications where nanoscale transducers are necessary, it is argued herein that this represents a relatively rare situation. Instead, it is suggested that sensing on the microscale often offers a good compromise between utilizing some possible advantages of miniaturization while avoiding the complications. This means that ensemble measurements on multiple nanoscale sensors are preferable instead of utilizing a single transducer entity. PMID:22736990

Dahlin, Andreas B.

2012-01-01

172

Advantages of a video-assisted approach to parathyroidectomy.  

PubMed

In recent years the advances in preoperative localization studies, the availability of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) assay and the introduction of cervicoscopy revolutionized the surgical treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Several endoscopic and video-assisted techniques for parathyroidectomy have been described. In spite of the enthusiasm manifested by some authors, the role of these techniques with respect to the time-honored conventional surgery have been largely debated. Among them, video-assisted parathyroidectomy (VAP) has emerged as one of the leading and more diffuse techniques. To date many large and comparative studies have shown that VAP is an efficacious and feasible procedure with the same complication rate as conventional surgery. Moreover, VAP seems to have significant advantages in terms of cosmetic results, postoperative pain, recovery, and patient satisfaction. When compared with other minimally invasive techniques, it offers the significant advantages of being more similar to conventional surgery and reproducible in different surgical settings. Moreover, it permits bilateral neck exploration, associated thyroid resections and can be performed under locoregional anesthesia. All these characteristics and the excellent results obtained render VAP a valid and well-validated, and even preferable, alternative to conventional surgery for the surgical treatment of sporadic PHPT, especially in case of suspected single adenoma. PMID:18971596

Lombardi, Celestino Pio; Raffaelli, Marco; Traini, Emanuela; De Crea, Carmela; Corsello, Salvatore Maria; Sollazzi, Liliana; Pontecorvi, Alfredo; Bellantone, Rocco

2008-01-01

173

THE RELATIONAL VIEW: COOPERATIVE STRATEGY AND SOURCES OF INTERORGANIZATIONAL COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we offer a view that suggests that a firm's critical resources may span firm boundaries and may be embedded in interfirm resources and routines. We argue that an increasingly important unit of analysis for understanding competitive advan- tage is the relationship between firms and identify four potential sources of interor- ganizational competitive advantage: (1) relation-specific assets, (2)

JEFFREY H. DYER; HARBIR SINGH

1998-01-01

174

Ireland's Foreign Direct Investment Competitive Advantage and Japanese Outward Foreign Direct Investment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses Ireland's record in attracting foreign direct investment (FDI). FDI has been identified as one of the key factors that has spurred the growth of the Celtic Tiger. An adaptation of Porter's Diamond is offered to explain the determinants of Ireland's competitive advantage in attracting FDI. The overall trends in FDI inflows to Ireland are considered. The study

Ruth Rios-Morales; Louis Brennan

2007-01-01

175

The competitive advantage of nations: the role of HRM and its socio-cultural context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the links between human resource management practices and the socio-cultural characteristics of nations, on the one hand, and their competitive advantage in the international market, on the other. The particularly important conclusion is that some nations' cultures offer their managers a higher repertoire of modes of management practices than some others. In high repertoire nations, organizations

Monir Tayeb

1995-01-01

176

Taking advanTage of a Missed opporTuniTy: Contacting Past Career Fair  

E-print Network

making a decision about a major or a career, we offer career testing and interpretation. CooperativeTaking advanTage of a Missed opporTuniTy: Contacting Past Career Fair Recruiters By Sarah alSpaw published by the office of Career services and Cooperative education June 2012 | vol. 9 | issue 3 ar

Holliday, Mark A.

177

The ultimatum game: Discrete vs. continuous offers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In many experimental setups in social-sciences, psychology and economy the subjects are requested to accept or dispense monetary compensation which is usually given in discrete units. Using computer and mathematical modeling we show that in the framework of studying the dynamics of acceptance of proposals in the ultimatum game, the long time dynamics of acceptance of offers in the game are completely different for discrete vs. continuous offers. For discrete values the dynamics follow an exponential behavior. However, for continuous offers the dynamics are described by a power-law. This is shown using an agent based computer simulation as well as by utilizing an analytical solution of a mean-field equation describing the model. These findings have implications to the design and interpretation of socio-economical experiments beyond the ultimatum game.

Dishon-Berkovits, Miriam; Berkovits, Richard

2014-09-01

178

Establishing a competitive advantage through quality management.  

PubMed

The successful dentist of the future will establish a sustainable competitive advantage in the marketplace by recognising that patients undergoing dental treatment cannot see the result before purchase, and that they therefore look for signs of service quality to reduce uncertainty. Thus the successful dentist will implement a quality programme that recognises not only that quality is defined by meeting patients' needs and expectations, but also that quality service is fundamental to successful business strategy. Finally, the successful dentist of the future will realise that the pursuit of quality is a never-ending process which requires leadership by example. PMID:8710317

George, R J

1996-06-01

179

In addition to providing meeting space at the UT Conference Center, UT Conferences offers registration  

E-print Network

· Printing standard name badges and holders · Providing speaker ribbons · Responding to telephoneFactsAboutUTConferences Includes5waysforparticipantstoregister: · Mail · Fax · Phone · Internet · On-site To learn more about howAmeri- canswithDisabilitiesAct(ADA)of1990. InquiriesandchargesofviolationconcerningTitleVI,TitleIX,Section504,ADA

Tennessee, University of

180

THE COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE OF REAL OPTIONS: AN EXPLANATION FOR THE US SPECIALIZATION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY  

E-print Network

Comparative advantage based on resource endowments cannot explain United States (U.S.) leadership in biotechnology. Sources of heterogeneity within the process of research and development (R&D) investment, such as international differences in the maximum per-period rate of investment and regulatory uncertainty, offer a plausible explanation that can be incorporated into a real options approach to investment. Key words: biotechnology; comparative advantage; R&D; real options. Biotechnology And Comparative Advantage Comparative advantage is, “the first, oldest, and most basic proposition in the theory of international trade. ” (Dixit & Norman, 1980). In its standard form, the principle of comparative advantage offers an elegant explanation for the pattern of specialization and trade arising between countries exhibiting sufficient dissimilarities in one or more of the exogenous elements of the neoclassical general equilibrium. More specifically, comparative advantage follows from the presence of some form of international differences, in say technology or resource endowments, which in turn yields an efficient decentralization of global production. The rapid postwar growth in trade between essentially "similar " industrialized countries suggests a

unknown authors

181

Additive Manufacturing for Mass Customization  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Additive manufacturing (AM) is a disruptive manufacturing technology that requires no tooling for production. AM requires\\u000a three dimensional computer aided design (3DCAD) data in order to additively build parts from numerous materials, including polymers, metals and ceramics. Within this chapter the advantages realized\\u000a by taking an AM approach are considered as well as their application in mass customization MC). Particular

Phil Reeves; Chris Tuck; Richard Hague

182

EARLY OFFER YEAR 12 ACCESS SYDNEY  

E-print Network

12 will be assessed by a selection panel and some courses require the student to attend an interview (E12) scheme shifts focus from the ATAR alone, giving students the opportunity to show us more about themselves. If successful for E12 entry, your students will receive an early conditional offer for one

Viglas, Anastasios

183

What can biology really offer computer security?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biological systems can offer computer security in- sights into how to engineer more effective artificial system s. While the authors believe this statement to be fundamentally true, it is unhelpfully vague - what insights exactly? This paper argues that, in the light of recent paradigm shifts in a number of fields, a key insight biology can give us is a

Jamie Twycross; Uwe Aickelin

184

Tailoring entity resolution for matching product offers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Product matching is a challenging variation of entity resolution to identify representations and offers referring to the same product. Product matching is highly difficult due to the broad spectrum of products, many similar but different products, frequently missing or wrong values, and the textual nature of product titles and descriptions. We propose the use of tailored approaches for product matching

Hanna Köpcke; Andreas Thor; Stefan Thomas; Erhard Rahm

2012-01-01

185

Revised April, 2012 Job Offer Procedures  

E-print Network

will also be scheduled for New Employee Orientation, which is held in the Human Resources Training Room and schedule them for orientation, please refer to the Human Resources website under Records. 4. Advise new by Recruitment, the Hiring Department may contact the selected candidate to formally offer the position. Below

Wu, Shin-Tson

186

guide for applicants 201040 Programmes offered  

E-print Network

of Science in Occupational Therapy ­ BSc(OT): 4 years · Bachelor of Science in Physiotherapy ­ BSc(Physiotherapy and Physiotherapy. Among the Faculty's renowned members are: Emeritus Professor of Anatomy, Phillip Tobias, who in Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing, Pharmacy, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy. Training is offered

Wagner, Stephan

187

Summary of Curricula Offered Course Information  

E-print Network

of adults and the elderly, nursing education, nursing leadership in health care systems, and women's health.D.), the Doctor of Education in educational leadership, the Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP), the Doctor with majors in six fields; and the College of Education offers curricula in teacher education leading

Gallo, Linda C.

188

Can Community Colleges Offer Opportunity and Excellence?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four community college presidents (i.e., Robert A. Anderson, New Mexico Junior College; Flora Mancuso Edwards, Hostos Community College (NY); D. Kent Sharples, Horry-Georgetown Technical College (SC); and George B. Vaughan, Piedmont Virginia Community College) offer explanations of how community colleges can maintain open-door admissions, provide…

Anderson, Robert A.; And Others

1985-01-01

189

The Etiquette of Accepting a Job Offer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic job market is overcrowded, but departments are hiring, and each year thousands of graduate students and other candidates will get phone calls offering them tenure-track positions. It is typically a moment of mutual giddiness. The department heads are excited at the prospect of a terrific new colleague; the job applicants now know that…

Perlmutter, David D.

2013-01-01

190

IBM Lotus Domino Designer Student Offering  

E-print Network

for collaborative web and composite applications. Each step in this learning roadmap includes web links that take), and HTML technologies, deep programming skills are not required to build powerful, compelling webIBM Lotus Domino Designer Student Offering Developing Web applications Specialized IT skills

191

Seasoned Offerings, Imitation Costs, and the Underpricing of Initial Public Offerings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author presents a signaling model in which high-quality firms underprice at the initial public offering in order to obtain a higher price at a seasoned offering. The main assumption is that low-quality firms must invest in imitation expenses to appear to be high-quality firms, and that with some probability this imitation is discovered between offerings. Underpricing by high-quality firms

Ivo Welch

1989-01-01

192

Advantages and Challenges of Superconducting Accelerators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After a short review of the history toward high-energy superconducting (SC) accelerators for ion beam therapy (IBT), an overview is given on material properties and technical developments enabling to use SC components in a medical accelerator for full body cancer treatment. The design concept and the assembly of a commercially available SC cyclotron for proton therapy (PT) are described and the potential advantages for applying superconductivity are assessed. The discussion includes the first years of operation experience with regard to cryogenic and magnetic performance, automated beam control, and maintenance aspects. An outlook is given on alternative machine concepts for protons-only or for heavier ions. Finally, it is discussed whether the application of superconductivity might be expanded in the future to a broader range of subsystems of clinical IBT accelerators such as SC magnets for transfer beam lines or gantries.

Krischel, Detlef

193

The Advantages of a Tapered Whisker  

PubMed Central

The role of facial vibrissae (whiskers) in the behavior of terrestrial mammals is principally as a supplement or substitute for short-distance vision. Each whisker in the array functions as a mechanical transducer, conveying forces applied along the shaft to mechanoreceptors in the follicle at the whisker base. Subsequent processing of mechanoreceptor output in the trigeminal nucleus and somatosensory cortex allows high accuracy discriminations of object distance, direction, and surface texture. The whiskers of terrestrial mammals are tapered and approximately circular in cross section. We characterize the taper of whiskers in nine mammal species, measure the mechanical deflection of isolated felid whiskers, and discuss the mechanics of a single whisker under static and oscillatory deflections. We argue that a tapered whisker provides some advantages for tactile perception (as compared to a hypothetical untapered whisker), and that this may explain why the taper has been preserved during the evolution of terrestrial mammals. PMID:20098714

Williams, Christopher M.; Kramer, Eric M.

2010-01-01

194

Offering memorable patient experience through creative, dynamic marketing strategy.  

PubMed

Creative, dynamic strategies are the ones that identify new and better ways of uniquely offering the target customers what they want or need. A business can achieve competitive advantage if it chooses a marketing strategy that sets the business apart from anyone else. Healthcare services companies have to understand that the customer should be placed in the centre of all specific marketing operations. The brand message should reflect the focus on the patient. Healthcare products and services offered must represent exactly the solutions that customers expect. The touchpoints with the patients must be well mastered in order to convince them to accept the proposed solutions. Healthcare service providers must be capable to look beyond customer's behaviour or product and healthcare service aquisition. This will demand proactive and far-reaching changes, including focusing specifically on customer preference, quality, and technological interfaces; rewiring strategy to find new value from existing and unfamiliar sources: disintegrating and radically reassembling operational processes: and restructuring the organization to accommodate new types of work and skill. PMID:20108466

Purc?rea, Victor Lorín; Ra?íu, Monica; Purc?rea, Theodor; Davila, Carol

2008-01-01

195

Potential advantages of using synchrotron X-ray based techniques in pediatric research.  

PubMed

Synchrotron radiation (SR), which combines extremely high intensity, high collimation, tunability, and continuous energy spectrum, allows the development of advanced X-ray based techniques that are becoming a uniquely useful tool in life science research, along providing exciting opportunities in biomedical imaging and radiotherapy. This review summarize emerging techniques and their potential to greatly enhance the exploration of dynamical biological process occurring across various spatial and temporal regimes, from whole body physiology, down to the location of individual chemical species within single cells. In recent years pediatric research and clinic practice have started to profit from these new opportunities, particularly by extending the diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities of these X-ray based techniques. In diagnosis, technical advances in DEI and KES imaging modalities have been demonstrated as particularly valuable for children and women since SR allows dose minimization, with significant reductions compared to conventional approaches. However, the greatest expectations are in the field of SR based radiotherapy, increasingly studies are demonstrating SR radiotherapy provides improved chances of recovery; this is especially the case for pediatric patients. In addition, we report on the applicability of advanced X-ray microscopy techniques that offer exceptional spatial and quantitative resolution in elemental detection. These techniques, which are useful for in vitro studies, will be particularly advantageous where investigators seek deeper understanding of diseases where mismetabolism of metals, either physiological important (i.e. Cu, Zn) or outright toxic (i.e. Pb), underlies pathogenesis. PMID:23458618

Pascolo, L; Esteve, F; Rizzardi, C; James, S; Menk, R H

2013-01-01

196

Early Scholarship Offers and the NCAA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years, many NCAA Division I universities have begun offering athletic scholarships to progressively younger student-athletes. Both student-athletes and institutions have much to gain from early informal athletic scholarships. This Article argues, however, that the costs of these early scholarships outweigh the benefits for both student-athletes and institutions. Although the NCAA has laudably begun the process of

Alfred C Yen

2011-01-01

197

Advantages and Disadvantages of Health Care Accreditation Mod-els  

PubMed Central

Background: This systematic review seeks to define the general advantages and disadvan­tages of accreditation programs to assist in choosing the most appropriate approach. Method: Systematic search of SID, Ovid Medline & PubMed databases was conducted by the keywords of accreditation, hospital, medical practice, clinic, accreditation models, health care and Persian meanings. From 2379 initial articles, 83 articles met the full inclusion criteria. From initial analysis, 23 attributes were identified which appeared to define advantages and disadvantages of different accreditation approaches and the available systems were compared on these. Results: Six systems were identified in the international literature including the JCAHO from USA, the Canadian program of CCHSA, and the accreditation programs of UK, Australia, New Zealand and France. The main distinguishing attributes among them were: quality improve­ment, patient and staff safety, improving health services integration, public’s confi­dence, effectiveness and efficiency of health services, innovation, influence global standards, information management, breadth of activity, history, effective relationship with stakeholders, agreement with AGIL attributes and independence from government. Conclusion: Based on 23 attributes of comprehensive accreditation systems we have defined from a systematic review, the JCAHO accreditation program of USA and then CCHSA of Can­ada offered the most comprehensive systems with the least disadvantages. Other programs such as the ACHS of Australia, ANAES of France, QHNZ of New Zealand and UK accredita­tion programs were fairly comparable according to these criteria. However the decision for any country or health system should be based on an assessment weighing up their specific objec­tives and needs. PMID:24688896

Tabrizi, Jafar S.; Gharibi, Farid; Wilson, Andrew J.

2011-01-01

198

Advantageous grain boundaries in iron pnictide superconductors  

PubMed Central

High critical temperature superconductors have zero power consumption and could be used to produce ideal electric power lines. The principal obstacle in fabricating superconducting wires and tapes is grain boundaries—the misalignment of crystalline orientations at grain boundaries, which is unavoidable for polycrystals, largely deteriorates critical current density. Here we report that high critical temperature iron pnictide superconductors have advantages over cuprates with respect to these grain boundary issues. The transport properties through well-defined bicrystal grain boundary junctions with various misorientation angles (?GB) were systematically investigated for cobalt-doped BaFe2As2 (BaFe2As2:Co) epitaxial films fabricated on bicrystal substrates. The critical current density through bicrystal grain boundary (JcBGB) remained high (>1 MA cm?2) and nearly constant up to a critical angle ?c of ?9°, which is substantially larger than the ?c of ?5° for YBa2Cu3O7–?. Even at ?GB>?c, the decay of JcBGB was much slower than that of YBa2Cu3O7–?. PMID:21811238

Katase, Takayoshi; Ishimaru, Yoshihiro; Tsukamoto, Akira; Hiramatsu, Hidenori; Kamiya, Toshio; Tanabe, Keiichi; Hosono, Hideo

2011-01-01

199

Advantages of a leveled commitment contracting protocol  

SciTech Connect

In automated negotiation systems consisting of self-interested agents, contracts have traditionally been binding. Such contracts do not allow agents to efficiently accommodate future events. Game theory has proposed contingency contracts to solve this problem. Among computational agents, contingency contracts are often impractical due to large numbers of interdependent and unanticipated future events to be conditioned on, and because some events are not mutually observable. This paper proposes a leveled commitment contracting protocol that allows self-interested agents to efficiently accommodate future events by having the possibility of unilaterally decommitting from a contract based on local reasoning. A decommitment penalty is assigned to both agents in a contract: to be freed from the contract, an agent only pays this penalty to the other party. It is shown through formal analysis of several contracting settings that this leveled commitment feature in a contracting protocol increases Pareto efficiency of deals and can make contracts individually rational when no full commitment contract can. This advantage holds even if the agents decommit manipulatively.

Sandholm, T.W.; Lesser, V.R. [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States)

1996-12-31

200

The Advantage of Mentally Rotating Clockwise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The time taken to decide whether a character is shown in its mirror or normal version has been shown to increase approximately linearly with the angular departure from an up-right position. Additionally, in some studies, decisions took longer for clockwise tilted characters than for counterclockwise tilted ones. Other studies do not report the…

Liesefeld, Heinrich R.; Zimmer, Hubert D.

2011-01-01

201

Fluorescence advantages with microscopic spatiotemporal control  

PubMed Central

We present a clever design concept of using femtosecond laser pulses in microscopy by selective excitation or de-excitation of one fluorophore over the other overlapping one. Using either a simple pair of femtosecond pulses with variable delay or using a train of laser pulses at 20-50 Giga-Hertz excitation, we show controlled fluorescence excitation or suppression of one of the fluorophores with respect to the other through wave-packet interference, an effect that prevails even after the fluorophore coherence timescale. Such an approach can be used both under the single-photon excitation as well as in the multi-photon excitation conditions resulting in effective higher spatial resolution. Such high spatial resolution advantage with broadband-pulsed excitation is of immense benefit to multi-photon microscopy and can also be an effective detection scheme for trapped nanoparticles with near-infrared light. Such sub-diffraction limit trapping of nanoparticles is challenging and a two-photon fluorescence diagnostics allows a direct observation of a single nanoparticle in a femtosecond high-repetition rate laser trap, which promises new directions to spectroscopy at the single molecule level in solution. The gigantic peak power of femtosecond laser pulses at high repetition rate, even at low average powers, provide huge instantaneous gradient force that most effectively result in a stable optical trap for spatial control at sub-diffraction limit. Such studies have also enabled us to explore simultaneous control of internal and external degrees of freedom that require coupling of various control parameters to result in spatiotemporal control, which promises to be a versatile tool for the microscopic world. PMID:23814447

Goswami, Debabrata; Roy, Debjit; De, Arijit K.

2013-01-01

202

Psychological services offered to female veterans.  

PubMed

Questionnaires were sent to 153 chiefs of Veterans Administration psychology services to request information on service provision to women veterans; 91 responses were received. Services were classified according to four categories: (a) individual women served in response to requests; (b) individual programs designed to meet specific needs; (c) educational programs offered to female clients; and (d) staff training programs. Correlations between each of the four categories and the following factors were calculated: (a) size of the city as determined by population in which each Veterans Administration Medical Center is located; (b) state population of female veterans; (c) number of female staff psychologists; (d) annual percentage of female clients served; (e) income of female clients; (f) total number of psychologists on the staff; and (g) total annual number of clients. Significant correlations were found between number of services offered routinely in response to requests and each of the following factors: (a) state population of female veterans; (b) income of female veteran clients; (c) total number of psychologists on the staff; and (d) annual number of clients. PMID:3745468

Schuler, M P; Barclay, A; Harrison, B; Larson, P

1986-07-01

203

Neural correlates of advantageous and disadvantageous inequity in sharing decisions.  

PubMed

Humans have a strong preference for fair distributions of resources. Neuroimaging studies have shown that being treated unfairly coincides with activation in brain regions involved in signaling conflict and negative affect. Less is known about neural responses involved in violating a fairness norm ourselves. Here, we investigated the neural patterns associated with inequity, where participants were asked to choose between an equal split of money and an unequal split that could either maximize their own (advantageous inequity) or another person's (disadvantageous inequity) earnings. Choosing to divide money unequally, irrespective who benefited from the unequal distribution, was associated with activity in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, anterior insula and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Inequity choices that maximized another person's profits were further associated with activity in the ventral striatum and ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Taken together, our findings show evidence of a common neural pattern associated with both advantageous and disadvantageous inequity in sharing decisions and additional recruitment of neural circuitry previously linked to the computation of subjective value and reward when violating a fairness norm at the benefit of someone else. PMID:25238541

Güro?lu, Berna; Will, Geert-Jan; Crone, Eveline A

2014-01-01

204

Recognition advantage of happy faces: tracing the neurocognitive processes.  

PubMed

The present study aimed to identify the brain processes-and their time course-underlying the typical behavioral recognition advantage of happy facial expressions. To this end, we recorded EEG activity during an expression categorization task for happy, angry, fearful, sad, and neutral faces, and the correlation between event-related-potential (ERP) patterns and recognition performance was assessed. N170 (150-180 ms) was enhanced for angry, fearful and sad faces; N2 was reduced and early posterior negativity (EPN; both, 200-320 ms) was enhanced for happy and angry faces; P3b (350-450 ms) was reduced for happy and neutral faces; and slow positive wave (SPW; 700-800 ms) was reduced for happy faces. This reveals (a) an early processing (N170) of negative affective valence (i.e., angry, fearful, and sad), (b) discrimination (N2 and EPN) of affective intensity or arousal (i.e., angry and happy), and (c) facilitated categorization (P3b) and decision (SPW) due to expressive distinctiveness (i.e., happy). In addition, N2, EPN, P3b, and SPW were related to categorization accuracy and speed. This suggests that conscious expression recognition and the typical happy face advantage depend on encoding of expressive intensity and, especially, on later response selection, rather than on the early processing of affective valence. PMID:23880097

Calvo, Manuel G; Beltrán, David

2013-09-01

205

To offer or not to offer: the role of price in employers' health insurance decisions.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of changes in price on employers' decisions to offer health insurance. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: A 1993 survey of 22,347 private employers in ten states was used. STUDY DESIGN: Probit regression was used to estimate the probability of offering insurance as a function of the price and employer characteristics. For employers who did not offer insurance, a price cannot be directly observed. We estimated price for nonofferors using reported quotes received by recent shoppers and a selection model to correct for differences between recent shoppers and nonshoppers. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Changes in price affect decisions to offer insurance; however, even a 40 percent reduction in premiums would lead to only a 2 to 3 percentage point increase in the share of employers offering insurance. Employers of low-wage workers are substantially less likely to offer health insurance than other employers. CONCLUSIONS: Policies to reduce the number of uninsured that focus on increasing the supply of employment-based insurance are unlikely to have the intended effect unless coupled with policies to help low-wage workers afford insurance. PMID:11666111

Marquis, M S; Long, S H

2001-01-01

206

Which patients should be offered caesarean section?  

PubMed

Caesarean section (CS) rates have steadily risen from 10% of all deliveries in the 1980s to a current figure of around 23.8%. Approximately 75% of CS are emergency procedures and only 25% are elective planned deliveries. When deciding whether to offer CS, it is important to consider the psychological implications for the patient as well as the physical and mental sequelae in future pregnancies. Clinicians should provide pregnant women with evidence-based information and support. Information should include details about the true indication(s) for the CS and what it implies, including its risks and benefits. The updated NICE guideline does not advocate CS in uncomplicated pregnancies. However, it supports CS on maternal request when attempts to empower the mother to have a vaginal birth have not been successful. CS on maternal request only represented 1.4% of all CS in 2001. CS may reduce perineal and abdominal pain during birth and 3 days postpartum. It may also reduce injury to the vagina, early postpartum haemorrhage and obstetric shock. The following patients should be offered a planned elective CS: singleton breech presentation at term, after external cephalic version has failed, has been declined or is contraindicated; multiple pregnancies when the first twin is not cephalic; placenta praevia, minor or major, (close to or covering the os); HIV-positive women who are not on any antiretroviral therapy, have a high viral load or co-infection with hepatitis C irrespective of viral load; and women with primary genital herpes simplex virus infection occurring in the third trimester. PMID:22662515

Bedoya-Ronga, Alvaro; Currie, Ian

2012-03-01

207

Phytoremediation offers an ecologically and economically attractive remediation technique for soils contaminated with  

E-print Network

1439 Phytoremediation offers an ecologically and economically attractive remediation technique for soils contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In addition to the choice of plant turnover, which has been associated with increases in soil microbial populations. To assess the influence

208

Embryonic Stem Cell Derivatives for Cardiac Therapy: Advantages, Limitations, and Long-Term Prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The ultimate goal of cardiovascular regenerative medicine is to ­generate functional myocardial tissue that can engraft, survive,\\u000a mature, and become well integrated with host myocardium leading to restoration of the myocardial ­electromechanical properties.\\u000a Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) (Science 282:1145–7, 1998) offer a number of theoretical advantages to achieve this objective\\u000a because of their availability and expandability, their diverse ­differentiation

Michal Weiler-Sagie; Lior Gepstein

209

Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Laser  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of the laser in general surgery is slightly over ten years. Many advances have been made during this time, but many more are needed. In order to understand the poor acceptance of the laser by general surgeons to this period of time, one must first understand the characteristics of the surgeon. Most surgeons are very conservative people, doing surgery only when nothing else will work. Secondly, surgeons are trained to feel the incision or the pressure of the knife and to see the sharp, nice dissection being done and the tissues parting. In addition, he feels a certain amount of insecurity if he is using a device where he's not exactly sure of the depth of the cut. Certainly, new types of lasers will aid the general surgeon to better understand and to use the C02 and other lasers and may eventually give them reason to accept it as a definite modality in surgery.

Aronoff, Billie L.

1982-12-01

210

Creating and promoting a sports performance service offering.  

PubMed

Many private hospitals and physician groups are exploring the possibility of expanding their facilities to include advanced ancillary services. Services such as a sports performance center provide additional opportunities for quality patient care and at the same time augment the bottom line. By offering additional ancillary services, healthcare organizations such as an orthopaedics practice can become a full-service center enabling clinicians to more fully provide care to their patients. Marketing and promotion play a crucial role in this type of service. These activities must be designed and carried out in a way that encourages productive results and collaboration as the organization strives to position itself as a full-service center and as a sports specialist in its community. PMID:17494488

Harr, Shannon; Shireman, Christopher W; Jebson, R Leslie

2007-01-01

211

Quick Facts about Mason Degree Programs Offered  

E-print Network

Freshmen Class First-Time Freshmen 2,603 Office of Media and Public Relations 4400 University Drive, MS 4C5-ed sauna with men's and women's shower/locker rooms, and family changing area. Expansion of the Aquatics and additional locker rooms. Web site: sports.gmu.edu/aquatics_center. #12;Center for the Arts The Center

212

Research on the Application of Artificial Neural Networks in Tender Offer for Construction Projects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The BP model in artificial neural network is used in this paper. Various factors that affect the tender offer is identified and these factors as the input nodes of network to conduct iterated operation in the network is applied in this paper. Through taking advantage of the self-learning function of network, this paper constantly modifies the weight matrix to achieve the objective error of the network error to achieve the function of predicting offer. As a software support tool, MATLAB is used in artificial neural network, the neural network toolbox helps to reduce the workload of writing code greatly and make the application of neural network more widely.

Minli, Zhang; Shanshan, Qiao

213

Does the Lunar Surface Still Offer Value As a Site for Astronomical Observatories?  

E-print Network

Current thinking about the Moon as a destination has revitalized interest in lunar astronomical observatories. Once seen by a large scientific community as a highly enabling site, the dramatic improvement in capabilities for free-space observatories prompts reevaluation of this interest. Whereas the lunar surface offers huge performance advantages for astronomy over terrestrial sites, free-space locales such as Earth orbit or Lagrange points offer performance that is superior to what could be achieved on the Moon. While astronomy from the Moon may be cost effective once infrastructure is there, it is in many respects no longer clearly enabling compared to free-space.

Daniel F. Lester; Harold W. Yorke; John C. Mather

2004-01-14

214

Will sublingual immunotherapy offer benefit for asthma?  

PubMed

Evidence shows that sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is indicated in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR). In this article we discuss whether SLIT could offer benefit for children and adults with asthma.We reviewed individual trials on SLIT in asthmatic patients, but also asthma data reported in some SLIT trials conducted in AR patients. Findings were complemented with data from systematic reviews and metaanalysis on the subject since 2000 and some guidelines that mention immunotherapy for asthma treatment. In AR patients with concomitant persistent asthma, SLIT reduces medication needs while maintaining symptom control. This holds especially true for house dust mite SLIT. Data on pollen SLIT and lung symptom improvement with SLIT, however, are less convincing. Therefore, we suggest SLIT should be added as an optional add-on therapy for patients with asthma whenever a causative allergen has been demonstrated and AR is associated with asthma. For the future, SLIT should be studied in specifically designed asthma studies in allergic asthmatics without AR. PMID:24022465

Baena-Cagnani, Carlos E; Larenas-Linnemann, Désirée; Teijeiro, Alvaro; Canonica, Giorgio Walter; Passalacqua, Giovanni

2013-12-01

215

Understanding the competitive advantage of National Olympic Committees  

Microsoft Academic Search

The competitive advantage of an organisation arises from the resources and capabilities that are in place within the organisation. Competitive advantage leads to strategic success and a lack of it leads to a lack of success. Using the resource-based view of developing competitive advantage, this paper aims to investigate why many National Olympic Committees (NOCs) do not appear to be

Leigh Robinson; Brian Minikin

2012-01-01

216

Upgrading New Zealand's competitive advantage: A critique and some proposals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The competitive advantage of nations by M. Porter, and Upgrading New Zealand's competitive advantage by G. Crocombe, M. Enright and M. Porter, both contain a number of interesting ? though often unsubstantiated ? propositions concerning the optimal set of rules for an economy. In particular. Upgrading New Zealand's competitive advantage seeks to stimulate debate on those rules that will lift

Stephen J. Burnell; David K. Sheppard

1992-01-01

217

The metabolic advantage of tumor cells  

PubMed Central

1- Oncogenes express proteins of "Tyrosine kinase receptor pathways", a receptor family including insulin or IGF-Growth Hormone receptors. Other oncogenes alter the PP2A phosphatase brake over these kinases. 2- Experiments on pancreatectomized animals; treated with pure insulin or total pancreatic extracts, showed that choline in the extract, preserved them from hepatomas. Since choline is a methyle donor, and since methylation regulates PP2A, the choline protection may result from PP2A methylation, which then attenuates kinases. 3- Moreover, kinases activated by the boosted signaling pathway inactivate pyruvate kinase and pyruvate dehydrogenase. In addition, demethylated PP2A would no longer dephosphorylate these enzymes. A "bottleneck" between glycolysis and the oxidative-citrate cycle interrupts the glycolytic pyruvate supply now provided via proteolysis and alanine transamination. This pyruvate forms lactate (Warburg effect) and NAD+ for glycolysis. Lipolysis and fatty acids provide acetyl CoA; the citrate condensation increases, unusual oxaloacetate sources are available. ATP citrate lyase follows, supporting aberrant transaminations with glutaminolysis and tumor lipogenesis. Truncated urea cycles, increased polyamine synthesis, consume the methyl donor SAM favoring carcinogenesis. 4- The decrease of butyrate, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, elicits epigenic changes (PETEN, P53, IGFBP decrease; hexokinase, fetal-genes-M2, increase) 5- IGFBP stops binding the IGF - IGFR complex, it is perhaps no longer inherited by a single mitotic daughter cell; leading to two daughter cells with a mitotic capability. 6- An excess of IGF induces a decrease of the major histocompatibility complex MHC1, Natural killer lymphocytes should eliminate such cells that start the tumor, unless the fever prostaglandin PGE2 or inflammation, inhibit them... PMID:21649891

2011-01-01

218

12 CFR 563b.395 - What other conditions apply when I offer conversion shares in a community offering, a public...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What other conditions apply when I offer conversion shares in a community offering, a public...SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CONVERSIONS FROM MUTUAL TO STOCK FORM Standard Conversions Offers and Sales of Stock §...

2010-01-01

219

The Operating Performance of Firms Conducting Seasoned Equity Offerings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies have documented that firms conducting seasoned equity offerings have inordinately low stock returns during the five years after the offering, following a sharp run-up in the year prior to the offering. This article documents that the operating performance of issuing firms shows substantial improvement prior to the offering but then deteriorates. The multiples at the time of the

Tim Loughran; Jay R Ritter

1997-01-01

220

Older Adults Make Less Advantageous Decisions than Younger Adults: Cognitive and Psychological Correlates  

PubMed Central

This study tested the hypotheses that older adults make less advantageous decisions than younger adults on the Iowa gambling task (IGT). Less advantageous decisions, as measured by the IGT, are characterized by choices that favor larger versus smaller immediate rewards, even though such choices may result in long-term negative consequences. The IGT, and measures of neuropsychological function, personality, and psychopathology were administered to 164 healthy adults 18–85 years of age. Older adults performed less advantageously on the IGT compared with younger adults. Additionally, a greater number of older adult’s IGT performances were classified as ‘impaired’ when compared to younger adults. Less advantageous decisions were associated with obsessive symptoms in older adults and with antisocial symptoms in younger adults. Performance on the IGT was positively associated with auditory working memory and psychomotor function in young adults, and in immediate memory in older adults. PMID:17445297

Fein, George; McGillivray, Shannon; Finn, Peter

2007-01-01

221

17 CFR 230.802 - Exemption for offerings in connection with an exchange offer or business combination for the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...exchange offer or business combination for the securities of...Exemptions for Cross-Border Rights Offerings, Exchange Offers and Business Combinations § 230.802 Exemption...exchange offer or business combination is made for the securities...you to enforce your rights and any claim...

2010-04-01

222

Beyond the University of Racial Diversity: Some Remarks on Race, Diversity, (Dis)Advantage and Affirmative Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The compelling essays in this issue of the journal take on the often contentious and complex issue of racial affirmative action. I do not wish to repeat the arguments authors offer either in defence or against student admissions to a university on the grounds of race, (dis)advantage, class, gender, and so on. Rather, I wish to respond to a…

Waghid, Y.

2010-01-01

223

Cognitive Functioning and Choice between Traditional Medicare and Medicare Advantage  

PubMed Central

We analyzed national survey and linked Medicare enrollment data from 2004–2007 to examine the effects of expanded choice and benefits in Medicare Advantage on enrollment in Medicare Advantage or traditional Medicare. The availability of more plans was associated with increased Medicare Advantage enrollment when the number of options was small but decreased Medicare Advantage enrollment when the number became sufficiently high. Beneficiaries with low cognitive functioning were less responsive to the generosity of Medicare Advantage benefits in their decisions. Simplifying choice in Medicare Advantage and guiding beneficiaries to valuable options could improve enrollment decisions, strengthen value-based competition among plans, and extend the benefits of choice to seniors with impaired cognition. PMID:21852301

McWilliams, J. Michael; Afendulis, Christopher C.; McGuire, Thomas G.; Landon, Bruce E.

2011-01-01

224

Instrument Application Capabilities Advantages Disadvantages Recommendations Contact Qiagen Qiacube  

E-print Network

Instrument Application Capabilities Advantages Disadvantages Recommendations Contact Qiagen Qiacube per run Fully automated; DNase over column; Flexible to handle cells and tissues Efficiency of columns

Cui, Yan

225

High-Temperature Coatings Offer Energy Savings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The U.S. X-Plane Program included the first-of-its-kind research in aerodynamics and astronautics with experimental vehicles, including the first aircraft to break the sound barrier; the first aircraft to fly in excess of 100,000, then 200,000, and then 300,000 feet; and the first aircraft to fly at three, four, five, and then six times the speed of sound. During the 1990s, NASA started developing a new thermal protection material to test on the X-33 and X-34 supersonic aircraft. The X-33 was intended to demonstrate the technologies needed for a new reusable launch vehicle and was projected to reach an altitude of approximately 50 miles and speeds of more than Mach 11. The X-34, a small, reusable technology demonstrator for a launch vehicle, was intended to reach an altitude of 250,000 feet and fly at speeds of Mach 8. As a result of its research and development efforts, NASA s Ames Research Center invented the Protective Ceramic Coating Material (PCCM). Applied to a surface, the thin, lightweight coating could protect the material underneath from extreme temperatures. The capability of the technology came from its emissivity, which radiated heat away from the surface it covered, thereby decreasing the amount of heat transferred to the underlying material. PCCM not only increased the capability of materials to withstand higher temperatures, it also exhibited impressive thermal shock, vibration, and acoustic performance. In addition, it proved to be resistant to abrasion and mechanical damage and was also environmentally safe, due to it being water-based and containing no solvents. Even though funding for the X-33 and X-34 ended in 2001, PCCM continued on a path of innovation.

2012-01-01

226

Gene Networks and Metacommunities: Dispersal Differences Can Override Adaptive Advantage  

PubMed Central

Dispersal is an important mechanism contributing to both ecological and evolutionary dynamics. In metapopulation and metacommunity ecology, dispersal enables new patches to be colonized; in evolution, dispersal counter-acts local selection, leading to regional homogenization. Here, I consider a three-patch metacommunity in which two species, each with a limiting quantitative trait underlain by gene networks of 16 to 256 genes, compete with one another and disperse among patches. Incorporating dispersal among heterogeneous patches introduces a tradeoff not observed in single-patch simulations: if the difference between gene network size of the two species is greater than the difference in dispersal ability (e.g., if the ratio of network sizes is larger than the ratio of dispersal abilities), then genetic architecture drives community outcome. However, if the difference in dispersal abilities is greater than gene network differences, then any adaptive advantages afforded by genetic architecture are over-ridden by dispersal. Thus, in addition to the selective pressures imposed by competition that shape the genetic architecture of quantitative traits, dispersal among patches creates an escape that may further alter the effects of different genetic architectures. These results provide a theoretical expectation for what we may observe as the field of ecological genomics develops. PMID:21738698

Malcom, Jacob W.

2011-01-01

227

Face Context Advantage Explained by Vernier and Separation Discrimination Acuity  

PubMed Central

Seeing facial features in the context of a full face is known to provide an advantage for perception. Using an interocular separation perception task we confirmed that seeing eyes within the context of a face improves discrimination in synthetic faces. We also show that this improvement of the face context can be explained using the presence of individual components of the face such as the nose mouth, or head-outline. We demonstrate that improvements due to the presence of the nose, and head-outline can be explained in terms of two-point separation measurements, obeying Weber’s law as established in the literature. We also demonstrate that performance improvements due to the presence of the mouth can be explained in terms of Vernier acuity judgments between eye positions and the corners of the mouth. Overall, our study shows that the improvements in perception of facial features due to the face context effect can be traced to well understood basic visual measurements that may play a very general role in perceptual measurements of distance. Deficiencies in these measurements may also play a role in prosopagnosia. Additionally, we show interference of the eyebrows with the face-inversion effect for interocular discrimination. PMID:23346066

Vesker, Michael; Wilson, Hugh R.

2013-01-01

228

Our qualified personal training staff offers clients a unique and satisfying experience through their motivational, individualized fitness programs. We offer personal and small-group training as well as fitness and nutritional  

E-print Network

their motivational, individualized fitness programs. We offer personal and small-group training as well as fitness and nutritional assessments to help you reach your health and fitness goals. Take advantage of our convenientReation. Play.bingHamton.eDU PeRsonal tRaining #12;Whether you are an avid exerciser or new to it altogether

Suzuki, Masatsugu

229

GRADUATE PROGRAM IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING The Department of Mechanical Engineering offers the master of engineering (M.E.) degree through  

E-print Network

GRADUATE PROGRAM IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING The Department of Mechanical Engineering offers.S) and doctoral (Ph.D.) degrees through the Graduate School. The mechanical engineer- ing department is recognized with a mechanical engineering focus that will provide a competitive advantage in obtaining

Simaan, Nabil

230

27 CFR 70.415 - Offers in compromise.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Procedural Rules Relating to Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Provisions Relating to Distilled Spirits, Wines, and Beer § 70.415 Offers in compromise. Procedure in the case of offers in compromise of liabilities under 26 U.S.C....

2010-04-01

231

Unique Energy Management Training Offers Certification and Energy Savings  

E-print Network

The Northwest Energy Education Institute1 (NEEI) has developed and presents a very unique energy efficiency training and certification program. Modeled after a similar course once offered in New Zealand, NEEI offers a two-week energy management...

Ebbage, R.

2004-01-01

232

Research of Competitive Advantage in Family Firms on Organizational Flexibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agency theory and resource-based view explain the competitive advantage of family firms from the perspective of agency cost and resource in family firms. However, their explanation all overlook the competitive environment in which family firms are embedded. This paper tries to explain the competitive advantage of family firms from the perspective of organizational flexibility. More specifically, it: (a) reviews the

Jun Xie; Zhongwen Tang

2009-01-01

233

CORPORATE REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT AS A SOURCE OF COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organisational competitive advantage is a recent general management literature theme. Corporate Real Estate (CRE) as an organisational resource capable of improving organisational competitiveness is under- recognised. For CRE and its management to fully support a competitive organisation it is thought to be essential that CRE practices align with the organisational competitive positioning and its sources of competitive advantage. This paper

Russell Kenley; Christopher Heywood; Mudrajad Kuncoro; Nicola Brackertz; Nguyen Thi Pham

234

European management: An emerging competitive advantage of European nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article extends the debate begun in the June 1992 issue of EMJ when the authors first criticized Michael Porter's explanatory framework in his Competitive Advantage of Nations (1990), over the role of national culture on the competitive advantage of nations. In this paper, Frans van den Bosch and Arno van Prooijen stress that Europe is a locus of competitive

Frans A. J. Van Den Bosch; Arno A. Van Prooijen

1992-01-01

235

Advantages of natural gas as a vehicular fuel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advantages of natural gas vehicles can be broken down into four major categories: social\\/political, technical, economic, and environmental. The social\\/political advantages of natural gas as a vehicular fuel lie predominantly in its ability to substitute for petroleum fuels. This frees petroleum reserves for other uses or, in areas with dwindling reserves, it reduces the dependence on imported oil and

R. J. Remick; C. F. Blazek

1992-01-01

236

Creating First-Mover Advantages : The Case of Samsung Electronics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the sources of first-mover advantages by examining the case of Samsung Electronics, a firm which has maintained and strengthened the technological leadership in the DRAM industry since 1992. The focus is on endogeneity of first-mover advantages under changing technological and competitive environments, part of which are also shaped by the technology leader. The paper also discusses general

Jang-Sup SHIN; Sung-Won JANG

2005-01-01

237

A Holistic Model of Competitive Advantage: Integrating the IMP Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Linking aspects of relationships with some measure of competitive advantage has become a growing topic of interest for marketing and strategy scholars. Studies in this area have focussed on trust, commitment, mutual goals, power, social bonding, transaction costs, information exchange, idiosyncratic investment and governance, each of which have been shown to influence the incidence of relationship-based competitive advantage (Morgan and

Daniel Prior; Francis Buttle

238

The cornerstones of competitive advantage: A resource-based view  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper elucidates the underlying economics of the resource-based view of competitive advantage and integrates existing perspectives into a parsimonious model of resources and firm performance. The essence of this model is that four conditions underlie sustained competitive advantage, all of which must be met. These include superior resources (heterogeneity within an industry), ex post limits to competition, imperfect resource

Margaret A. Peteraf

1993-01-01

239

Information Technology, Core Competencies, and Sustained Competitive Advantage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a model that depicts a possible connection between competitive advantage and information technology. Focuses on flexibility of the information technology infrastructure as an enabler of core competencies, especially mass customization and time-to-market, that have a relationship to sustained competitive advantage. (Contains 82…

Byrd, Terry Anthony

2001-01-01

240

Computational and Structural Advantages of Circular Boundary Representation  

E-print Network

by circular arcs has quantitative and qualitative advantages compared to using straight-line segments. WeComputational and Structural Advantages of Circular Boundary Representation O. Aichholzer , F, and medial axis. In particular, we propose a novel medial axis algorithm that beats existing methods

Aurenhammer, Franz

241

Computational and Structural Advantages of Circular Boundary Representation #  

E-print Network

of planar shapes by circular arcs has quantitative and qualitative advantages compared to using straightComputational and Structural Advantages of Circular Boundary Representation # O. Aichholzer + , F methods in simplicity and practicality, and at the same time guarantees convergence to the medial axis

Aurenhammer, Franz

242

Home advantage in the Six Nations Rugby Union tournament.  

PubMed

This study examined whether home advantage occurred in the Six Nations Rugby Union tournament. Data were gathered using the final championship standings from the tournament's inception in 2000 to the recently completed 2007 season. Home advantage for each championship season was defined as the number of points won by teams playing at home, expressed as a percentage of all points gained either at home or away. An analysis of home advantage for each of eight seasons of competition ranged from 53% (2005) to 70% (2006). There was an overall statistically significant home advantage of 61% for 120 matches played in the Six Nations tournament between 2000 and 2007. Also analysed were the percentage of points won at home by each country. Again, evidence supported home advantage amongst all competing nations regardless of the team's quality. PMID:18459361

Thomas, Sion; Reeves, Colin; Bell, Andrew

2008-02-01

243

Analysis of small RNAs with the Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer The Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer offers advantages of sensitivity and accuracy for performing RNA  

E-print Network

is essential, but the concentration and integrity of total RNA preparations is affected by the purification 1Gene Expression and Microarrays Laboratory, Bambino Gesú Children's Hospital, Rome, Italy. 2Agilent"(inset) was detected only in total and HMW RNA samples (A and 1) but not in LMW RNA­enriched sample (2). ADVERTISING

Cai, Long

244

IODO-ACID DISINFECTION BY-PRODUCTS IN DRINKING WATER: DOES LC/ESI-MS/MS OFFER AN ADVANTAGE OVER GC/NCI-MS?  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of a recent Nationwide Disinfection By-Product (DBP) Occurrence Study, iodo-acids were identified for the first time as DBPs in drinking water disinfected with chloramines. The iodo-acids identified included iodoacetic acid, bromoiodoacetic acid, (E)-3-bromo-3-iodo-prope...

245

The recovered energy advantage; Unique new turboexpander makes use of pressure reduction  

SciTech Connect

The oil and gas industry does not just produce energy. The industry also consumes large quantities of energy in transporting hydrocarbons to the customer. A convenient, inexpensive source of usable energy would represent a distinct economical advantage to any phase of the industry. Smaller, more flexible and more affordable turboexpanders offer just such an advantage at many application points from the wellhead to the customer. This paper describes the turboexpander, a simple machine in which fluid or gas at high pressure is expanded to achieve a lower pressure. The released energy drives a turbine wheel and generates power or mechanical work. A turbo charger on a gasoline or diesel engine is a common example of a turboexpander.

Not Available

1989-03-01

246

Matching Unstructured Product Offers to Structured Product Descriptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

An e-commerce catalog is typically comprised of specifications for millions of products. The search engine receives millions of sales offers from thousands of independent merchants that must be matched to the right products. This problem is hard for several reasons. First, unique identifiers are absent in most offers. Second, although the product specifications are well structured, offers are described in

Anitha Kannan; Inmar E. Givoni; Rakesh Agrawal; Ariel Fuxman

2010-01-01

247

32 CFR 644.87 - Preparation and execution of offers.  

...will be set forth in the offer in the exact way in which it appears on...than an individual owner to execute the offer, satisfactory...copies of the Offer to Sell. (8) Where it is...exceptions, or outstanding rights in third parties,...

2014-07-01

248

32 CFR 644.87 - Preparation and execution of offers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...will be set forth in the offer in the exact way in which it appears on...than an individual owner to execute the offer, satisfactory...copies of the Offer to Sell. (8) Where it is...exceptions, or outstanding rights in third parties,...

2013-07-01

249

32 CFR 644.87 - Preparation and execution of offers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...will be set forth in the offer in the exact way in which it appears on...than an individual owner to execute the offer, satisfactory...copies of the Offer to Sell. (8) Where it is...exceptions, or outstanding rights in third parties,...

2011-07-01

250

32 CFR 644.87 - Preparation and execution of offers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...will be set forth in the offer in the exact way in which it appears on...than an individual owner to execute the offer, satisfactory...copies of the Offer to Sell. (8) Where it is...exceptions, or outstanding rights in third parties,...

2012-07-01

251

Metal Additive Manufacturing: A Review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reviews the state-of-the-art of an important, rapidly emerging, manufacturing technology that is alternatively called additive manufacturing (AM), direct digital manufacturing, free form fabrication, or 3D printing, etc. A broad contextual overview of metallic AM is provided. AM has the potential to revolutionize the global parts manufacturing and logistics landscape. It enables distributed manufacturing and the productions of parts-on-demand while offering the potential to reduce cost, energy consumption, and carbon footprint. This paper explores the material science, processes, and business consideration associated with achieving these performance gains. It is concluded that a paradigm shift is required in order to fully exploit AM potential.

Frazier, William E.

2014-06-01

252

addition and subtraction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How are addition and subtraction problems related? Recording chart Graphic Organizer Use this link to work on addition with pictures. addition with pictures Go here to work on addition with sentences. addition with sentences Now, go here to work on subtraction sentences. Subtraction sentences Use this link to practice subtraction with pictures. Subtraction with pictures Now let's review! Click here. Fact Family Practice ...

Hayes, Ms.

2011-04-07

253

Belowground advantages in construction cost facilitate a cryptic plant invasion  

PubMed Central

The energetic cost of plant organ construction is a functional trait that is useful for understanding carbon investment during growth (e.g. the resource acquisition vs. tissue longevity tradeoff), as well as in response to global change factors like elevated CO2 and N. Despite the enormous importance of roots and rhizomes in acquiring soil resources and responding to global change, construction costs have been studied almost exclusively in leaves. We sought to determine how construction costs of aboveground and belowground organs differed between native and introduced lineages of a geographically widely dispersed wetland plant species (Phragmites australis) under varying levels of CO2 and N. We grew plants under ambient and elevated atmospheric CO2, as well as under two levels of soil nitrogen. We determined construction costs for leaves, stems, rhizomes and roots, as well as for whole plants. Across all treatment conditions, the introduced lineage of Phragmites had a 4.3 % lower mean rhizome construction cost than the native. Whole-plant construction costs were also smaller for the introduced lineage, with the largest difference in sample means (3.3 %) occurring under ambient conditions. In having lower rhizome and plant-scale construction costs, the introduced lineage can recoup its investment in tissue construction more quickly, enabling it to generate additional biomass with the same energetic investment. Our results suggest that introduced Phragmites has had an advantageous tissue investment strategy under historic CO2 and N levels, which has facilitated key rhizome processes, such as clonal spread. We recommend that construction costs for multiple organ types be included in future studies of plant carbon economy, especially those investigating global change. PMID:24938305

Caplan, Joshua S.; Wheaton, Christine N.; Mozdzer, Thomas J.

2014-01-01

254

Belowground advantages in construction cost facilitate a cryptic plant invasion.  

PubMed

The energetic cost of plant organ construction is a functional trait that is useful for understanding carbon investment during growth (e.g. the resource acquisition vs. tissue longevity tradeoff), as well as in response to global change factors like elevated CO2 and N. Despite the enormous importance of roots and rhizomes in acquiring soil resources and responding to global change, construction costs have been studied almost exclusively in leaves. We sought to determine how construction costs of aboveground and belowground organs differed between native and introduced lineages of a geographically widely dispersed wetland plant species (Phragmites australis) under varying levels of CO2 and N. We grew plants under ambient and elevated atmospheric CO2, as well as under two levels of soil nitrogen. We determined construction costs for leaves, stems, rhizomes and roots, as well as for whole plants. Across all treatment conditions, the introduced lineage of Phragmites had a 4.3 % lower mean rhizome construction cost than the native. Whole-plant construction costs were also smaller for the introduced lineage, with the largest difference in sample means (3.3 %) occurring under ambient conditions. In having lower rhizome and plant-scale construction costs, the introduced lineage can recoup its investment in tissue construction more quickly, enabling it to generate additional biomass with the same energetic investment. Our results suggest that introduced Phragmites has had an advantageous tissue investment strategy under historic CO2 and N levels, which has facilitated key rhizome processes, such as clonal spread. We recommend that construction costs for multiple organ types be included in future studies of plant carbon economy, especially those investigating global change. PMID:24938305

Caplan, Joshua S; Wheaton, Christine N; Mozdzer, Thomas J

2014-01-01

255

Advantages of GPU technology in DFT calculations of intercalated graphene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past few years, the expansion of general-purpose graphic-processing unit (GPGPU) technology has had a great impact on computational science. GPGPU is the utilization of a graphics-processing unit (GPU) to perform calculations in applications usually handled by the central processing unit (CPU). Use of GPGPUs as a way to increase computational power in the material sciences has significantly decreased computational costs in already highly demanding calculations. A level of the acceleration and parallelization depends on the problem itself. Some problems can benefit from GPU acceleration and parallelization, such as the finite-difference time-domain algorithm (FTDT) and density-functional theory (DFT), while others cannot take advantage of these modern technologies. A number of GPU-supported applications had emerged in the past several years (www.nvidia.com/object/gpu-applications.html). Quantum Espresso (QE) is reported as an integrated suite of open source computer codes for electronic-structure calculations and materials modeling at the nano-scale. It is based on DFT, the use of a plane-waves basis and a pseudopotential approach. Since the QE 5.0 version, it has been implemented as a plug-in component for standard QE packages that allows exploiting the capabilities of Nvidia GPU graphic cards (www.qe-forge.org/gf/proj). In this study, we have examined the impact of the usage of GPU acceleration and parallelization on the numerical performance of DFT calculations. Graphene has been attracting attention worldwide and has already shown some remarkable properties. We have studied an intercalated graphene, using the QE package PHonon, which employs GPU. The term ‘intercalation’ refers to a process whereby foreign adatoms are inserted onto a graphene lattice. In addition, by intercalating different atoms between graphene layers, it is possible to tune their physical properties. Our experiments have shown there are benefits from using GPUs, and we reached an acceleration of several times compared to standard CPU calculations.

Peši?, J.; Gaji?, R.

2014-09-01

256

Cognitive disorders in pediatric medulloblastoma: what neuroimaging has to offer.  

PubMed

Medulloblastomas are the most common malignant childhood brain tumors arising in the posterior fossa. Treatment improvements for these tumors have meant that there are a greater number of survivors, but this long-term patient survival has increased the awareness of resulting neurocognitive deficits. Impairments in attention, memory, executive functions, and intelligence quotient demonstrate that the cerebellum likely plays a significant role in numerous higher cognitive functions such as language, cognitive, and emotional functions. In addition, children with medulloblastoma not only have cerebellar lesions but also brain white matter damages due to radiation and chemotherapy. Functional neuroimaging, a noninvasive method with many advantages, has become the standard tool in clinical and cognitive neuroscience research. By reviewing functional neuroimaging studies, this review aims to clarify the role of the cerebellum in cognitive function and explain more clearly cognitive sequelae due to polytherapy in children with medulloblastoma. This review suggests that the posterior cerebellar lobes are crucial to maintaining cognitive performance. Clinical investigations could help to better assess the involvement of these lobes in cognitive functions. PMID:24950472

Hoang, Duc Ha; Pagnier, Anne; Guichardet, Karine; Dubois-Teklali, Fanny; Schiff, Isabelle; Lyard, Geneviève; Cousin, Emilie; Krainik, Alexandre

2014-08-01

257

Advantageous use of slush and gelled slush in space vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The advantages of combining both slush and gel have been recognized. These advantages are: (1) a reduction in the gelling agent necessary; (2) the achievement of active positioning; and (3) a potential increase in impulse density. The need for extended mission capability as indicated by present mission planning is outlined and the expected schedules are presented. A condensed version of analytical and testing conclusions as related to storage systems and slush is given. The significant results of slush flow testing and its possible influence on vehicle propulsion systems are presented, and the characterization and preparation of gels are discussed in relation to future applications, advantages, and disadvantages.

Adamson, J. Z.

1971-01-01

258

Alternative Addition Strategies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson explores recall of multiple alternative addition strategies of two-digit numbers. The lesson focus is to encourage students to use more than one strategy to solve addition problems. By reinforcing the multiple alternative addition strategies students will develop a strong understanding of addition structures and mechanics before moving on to three-digit addition. The lesson includes making an Addition Strategies Mini Booklet, which students can keep and use as a reference tool.

Scapecchi, Judith

2012-07-31

259

Ferreting Out the Identity of Gasoline Additives  

EPA Science Inventory

Chemical dispersing agents for oil spills, hydraulic fracturing fluids for natural-gas production, and chemicals serving as gasoline additives share a common characteristic?for the most part, they are proprietary compounds. In the name of competitive advantage, companies carefull...

260

Vascularized bone graft for oncological reconstruction of the extremities: review of the biological advantages.  

PubMed

Vascularized bone graft (VBG) is a form of vascularized bone marrow transplant in which the bone marrow is surgically grafted with its microenvironment intact. Due to the preservation of cellular viability, VBG have significant advantages over non-vascularized bone grafts. Free vascularized fibula grafts have superior material properties and tolerate infection. Bone healing can be accomplished in a shorter period, even in an irradiated bed. In addition to these properties, VBG has other biological advantages that are not always familiar to oncological surgeons. Hypertrophic change can be divided into reactive and adaptive hypertrophy. Early hypertrophy is associated with donor-derived cells, whereas later remodeling is associated with recipient-derived cells. VBG has significant advantages in enhancing neo-revascularization of necrotic bone. We reviewed VBG from a novel viewpoint that stems from our basic research. PMID:24922630

Muramatsu, Keiichi; Hashimoto, Takahiro; Tominaga, Yasuhiro; Taguchi, Toshihiko

2014-06-01

261

Growth, Industrialization, and the Intergenerational Correlation of Advantage  

E-print Network

technologies, and rising incomes will reduce the effects of family advantage on children’children (Owen and Weil, 1997). Furthermore, economic development is often accompanied by bundles of new technologies.

Levine, David I.; Jellema, Jon R.

2005-01-01

262

Economic advantages of high-density planting of almond orchards  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY - The economic advantages of two planting distances (5x5 m and 5x25 m) were compared for three different varieties of almond (Supernova, Tuono and Ferragnes). The trial orchard was located at the \\

F. Monastra; G. Martelli; A. Chiariotti

263

GaAs ICs for new defense systems offer speed and radiation hardness benefits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In connection with rapid technical growth affecting the world of electronic warfare (EW), it will be necessary to design both electronic support measure and electronic countermeasure systems with improved algorithms and processing techniques. The designs will have to be implemented with higher speed electronic components. It is pointed out that the performance advantages of GaAs integrated circuits, particularly in the area of speed, make this technology the prime candidate for satisfying next generation wideband signal and data processing system requirements. GaAs digital integrated circuits offer advantages in speed, power dissipation, radiation hardness, and operating temperature range. Activities to reduce electron transit time for the improvement of device speed are focused on second generation GaAs devices referred to as heterostructures, since they consist of two different material systems, GaAs and AlGaAs. New developments related to the use of GaAs ICs are reviewed.

Firstenberg, A.; Rooslid, S.

1985-03-01

264

Founding team and start-up competitive advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework to link founding team and start-up competitive advantage in the context of the Taiwanese technology-based ventures. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper analyzes 211 start-ups in the technology-based sector and verifies the relationship between entrepreneur resources, trust, founding team partners' commitments, and start-up competitive advantage. Findings – In technology-based start-ups,

Lei-Yu Wu; Chun-Ju Wang; Chun-Yao Tseng; Ming-Cheng Wu

2009-01-01

265

Founding team and start-up competitive advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework to link founding team and start-up competitive advantage in the context of the Taiwanese technology-based ventures. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper analyzes 211 start-ups of the technology-based sector and verifies the relationship between entrepreneur resources, trust, founding team partners' commitments, and start-up competitive advantage. Findings – In technology-based start-ups,

Lei-Yu Wu; Chun-Ju Wang; Chun-Yao Tseng; Ming-Cheng Wu

2008-01-01

266

Intellectual Capital and Competitive Advantage in the Globalization Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter is to investigate and to test empirically the association between a firm’s intellectual capital (IC) and its\\u000a competitive advantage in the globalization context. This study first identified IC sub-components as drivers believed to be\\u000a important in enhancing competitive advantage on the basis of the in-depth interviews with firms. Next, the study’s insights\\u000a are combined with those available in

Ru-Yan Hong; Xiao-Bo Wu

267

Time Zones as a Source of Comparative Advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThis note proposes a three-country model of monopolistic competition that captures the role of time zones in the division of labor. The connectivity of business service sectors via communications networks (e.g. the Internet, satellite communications systems) is found to determine the structure of comparative advantage. That is, two countries with connected service sectors have a comparative advantage in the good

Toru Kikuchi

2009-01-01

268

Interruptible Power: An Economic Advantage to Industrial Users  

E-print Network

INTERRUPTIBLE POWER: AN ECONOMIC ADVANTAGE TO INDUSTRIAL USERS Sidney D. Reynolds and John R. Gardner, Tennessee Valley Authority, Chattanooga, Tennessee ABSTRACT Energy costs have increased rapidly during the last several years...'s advantage to reduce this increment of production if possible. Interruptible power, which has been made available to industrial customers in the Tennessee Valley in some form for over 40 years, is one successful method TVA has found which enables system...

Reynolds, S. D.; Gardner, J. R.

1981-01-01

269

America's secret competitive advantage is a dirty secret  

Microsoft Academic Search

The noted management guru Michael E Porter identifies seven unique competitive advantages for the U.S. economy to explain the country’s pre-eminence; they range from (among others) its environment for entrepreneurship, its institutions of higher learning, its technology and innovation machine, to its commitment to competition and free markets. In this article, I argue that there is another critical competitive advantage

Ranjan Sreedharan

2009-01-01

270

A Bilateral Advantage for Storage in Visual Working Memory  

PubMed Central

Various studies have demonstrated enhanced visual processing when information is presented across both visual hemifields rather than in a single hemifield (the bilateral advantage). For example, reported that observers were able to track twice as many moving visual stimuli when the tracked items were presented bilaterally rather than unilaterally, suggesting that independent resources enable tracking in the two visual fields. Motivated by similarities in the apparent capacity and neural substrates that mediate tracking and visual working memory (WM), the present work examined whether or not a bilateral advantage also arises during storage in visual WM. Using a recall procedure to assess working memory for orientation information, we found a reliable bilateral advantage; recall error was smaller with bilateral sample displays than with unilateral displays. To demonstrate that the bilateral advantage influenced storage per se rather than just encoding efficiency, we replicated the observed bilateral advantage using sequentially presented stimuli. Finally, to further characterize how bilateral presentations enhanced storage in working memory, we measured both the number and the resolution of the stored items and found that bilateral presentations lead to an increased probability of storage, rather than enhanced mnemonic resolution. Thus, the bilateral advantage extends beyond the initial selection and encoding of visual information to influence online maintenance in visual working memory. PMID:20659731

Umemoto, Akina; Drew, Trafton; Ester, Edward F.; Awh, Edward

2010-01-01

271

Employer Health Insurance Offerings and Employee Enrollment Decisions  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine how the characteristics of the health benefits offered by employers affect worker insurance coverage decisions. Data Sources The 1996–1997 and the 1998–1999 rounds of the nationally representative Community Tracking Study Household Survey. Study Design We use multinomial logistic regression to analyze the choice between own-employer coverage, alternative source coverage, and no coverage among employees offered health insurance by their employer. The key explanatory variables are the types of health plans offered and the net premium offered. The models include controls for personal, health plan, and job characteristics. Principal Findings When an employer offers only a health maintenance organization married employees are more likely to decline coverage from their employer and take-up another offer (odds ratio (OR)=1.27, p<.001), while singles are more likely to accept the coverage offered by their employer and less likely to be uninsured (OR=0.650, p<.001). Higher net premiums increase the odds of declining the coverage offered by an employer and remaining uninsured for both married (OR=1.023, p<.01) and single (OR=1.035, p<.001) workers. Conclusions The type of health plan coverage an employer offers affects whether its employees take-up insurance, but has a smaller effect on overall coverage rates for workers and their families because of the availability of alternative sources of coverage. Relative to offering only a non-HMO plan, employers offering only an HMO may reduce take-up among those with alternative sources of coverage, but increase take-up among those who would otherwise go uninsured. By modeling the possibility of take-up through the health insurance offers from the employer of the spouse, the decline in coverage rates from higher net premiums is less than previous estimates. PMID:16174133

Polsky, Daniel; Stein, Rebecca; Nicholson, Sean; Bundorf, M Kate

2005-01-01

272

continue your Additional Resource  

E-print Network

Line 877-YES-QUIT www.yesquit.com What if someone offers you tobacco? What if you slip up and use people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin. The Texas A counseling. Drink lots of water! Remember what you're really gaining--fewer wrinkles, fresher breath, whiter

273

WHAT YOU WILL LEARN The Certificate in Nonprofit Management offers specific knowledge and skills  

E-print Network

management and resource development · Policy analysis in a particular policy area · Arts managementWHAT YOU WILL LEARN The Certificate in Nonprofit Management offers specific knowledge and skills related to leadership, financial management, governance, and strategic planning. In addition, you can

Levinson, David M.

274

Competitive Advantage and its Sources in an Evolving Market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a continuously altered and evolving Market, as is the food manufacturing market, the main and long-lasting objective of firm that is the maximization of its wealth and consequently the continuous remaining in profit regions, appears that it is possible to be achieved via the obtainment and maintenance of diachronically long-term competitive advantage, which it will render the firm unique or leader force in a inexorable competition that is continuously extended in a globalized market. Various definitions and different regards are developed in regard to the competitive advantage and the way with which a firm it is possible, acquiring it, to star in the market in which it is activated. As result of sustainable competitive advantage in a firm comes the above the average performance. Abundance of resources and competences that are proposed as sources of competitive advantage in the resource-based view literature exists, while they are added continuously new based on empiric studies. In any case, it appears to suffer hierarchy of sources of competitive advantage, with regard to sustainability of these.

Zaridis, Apostolos D.

2009-08-01

275

A Modular Aerospike Engine Design Using Additive Manufacturing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A modular aerospike engine concept has been developed with the objective of demonstrating the viability of the aerospike design using additive manufacturing techniques. The aerospike system is a self-compensating design that allows for optimal performance over the entire flight regime and allows for the lowest possible mass vehicle designs. At low altitudes, improvements in Isp can be traded against chamber pressure, staging, and payload. In upper stage applications, expansion ratio and engine envelope can be traded against nozzle efficiency. These features provide flexibility to the System Designer optimizing a complete vehicle stage. The aerospike concept is a good example of a component that has demonstrated improved performance capability, but traditionally has manufacturing requirements that are too expensive and complex to use in a production vehicle. In recent years, additive manufacturing has emerged as a potential method for improving the speed and cost of building geometrically complex components in rocket engines. It offers a reduction in tooling overhead and significant improvements in the integration of the designer and manufacturing method. In addition, the modularity of the engine design provides the ability to perform full scale testing on the combustion devices outside of the full engine configuration. The proposed design uses a hydrocarbon based gas-generator cycle, with plans to take advantage of existing powerhead hardware while focusing DDT&E resources on manufacturing and sub-system testing of the combustion devices. The major risks for the modular aerospike concept lie in the performance of the propellant feed system, the structural integrity of the additive manufactured components, and the aerodynamic efficiency of the exhaust flow.

Peugeot, John; Garcia, Chance; Burkhardt, Wendel

2014-01-01

276

Vector Addition Calculator  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Vector Addition Calculator lets students add vectors graphically in 2 dimensions by dragging the tips of the vectors. The results of a component method of addition for the same problem are also displayed.

Joiner, David; The Shodor Education Foundation, Inc.

277

Advantage Provided by Iron for Escherichia coli Growth and Cultivability in Drinking Water  

PubMed Central

The presence of iron, used both as a nutrient and as an electron acceptor, was demonstrated to give an advantage to Escherichia coli bacteria in drinking water. Slight additions of ferrous sulfate to water with initial low iron concentrations led to a significant increase in the number of E. coli bacteria. The presence of ferric oxide in water under anaerobic conditions increased bacterial cultivability. PMID:16151163

Appenzeller, Brice M. R.; Yanez, Carolina; Jorand, Frederic; Block, Jean-Claude

2005-01-01

278

48 CFR 225.870-3 - Submission of offers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...submit offers and quotations in terms of Canadian currency. The Corporation may, at the time of submitting an offer, elect to quote and receive payment in terms of U.S. currency, in which case the contract— (1) Shall provide for payment in...

2010-10-01

279

Wind energy offers considerable promise; the wind itself is free,  

E-print Network

and research institutions. Career prospects The number of jobs in the wind energy sector in Europe is expectedWind energy offers considerable promise; the wind itself is free, wind power is clean. One of these sources, wind energy, offers considerable promise; the wind itself is free, wind power

Langendoen, Koen

280

"Getting applicants to accept your offer; making Queen's the  

E-print Network

, 2013 #12;RECAP of Recruitment Cycle Awareness & promotion Applications in Offers out Offers Accepted about this program, testimonials + general info · Webcasts/Chat rooms ­ Q&A #12;Recruitment · External&A · Orientation (Department/ SGS) ­ resources available to them/what is where on campus/student & supervisor

Ellis, Randy

281

Technology Companies are Best Positioned to Offer Health Record Trusts  

E-print Network

record trusts. Finally, we argue that Personal Health Records (PHRs) are the closest to offering the mainTechnology Companies are Best Positioned to Offer Health Record Trusts Shirley Gaw (sgaw features of health record trusts. The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) and the Health Insurance Portability

Tomkins, Andrew

282

INNOCENCE, FAIRNESS AND THE WILLINGNESS TO ACCEPT PLEA BARGAIN OFFERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast with the common assumption in the plea bargaining literature, we show fairness-related concerns systematically impact defendants' preferences and judgments, using both observational and experimental data. In the domain of preferences, innocents are less willing to accept plea offers (WTAP) than guilty defendants and defendants reject otherwise attractive offers that appear comparatively unfair. We also show that in the

Avishalom Tor; Oren Gazal-Ayal; Stephen M. Garcia

2009-01-01

283

27 CFR 31.73 - Place of offering for sale.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2012-04-01...2012-04-01 false Place of offering for sale. 31.73 Section 31.73 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND...Registration § 31.73 Place of offering for sale. Liquors are...

2012-04-01

284

Perceptions of a Foreign Service Offering in an Overseas Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Product offerings which have a significant service component represent a substantial area of opportunity for firms considering, or already involved in, international operations. The objective of this study was to consider the impact of a sense of national identity on the perceptions of, and attitude toward, such a product offering in an overseas market. Using the perceptions and attitudes of

Bruce D. Keillor; D. Michael Fields

1996-01-01

285

27 CFR 31.22 - Selling or offering for sale.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2012-04-01...2012-04-01 false Selling or offering for sale. 31.22 Section 31.22 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND...Part § 31.22 Selling or offering for sale. Whether...

2012-04-01

286

Matching unstructured product offers to structured product specifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

An e-commerce catalog typically comprises of specifications for millions of products. The search engine receives millions of sales offers from thousands of independent merchants that must be matched to the right products. We describe the challenges that a system for matching unstructured offers to structured product descriptions must address, drawing upon our experience from building such a system for Bing

Anitha Kannan; Inmar E. Givoni; Rakesh Agrawal; Ariel Fuxman

2011-01-01

287

27 CFR 31.73 - Place of offering for sale.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2013-04-01...2013-04-01 false Place of offering for sale. 31.73 Section 31.73 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND...Registration § 31.73 Place of offering for sale. Liquors are...

2013-04-01

288

27 CFR 31.22 - Selling or offering for sale.  

27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2014-04-01...2014-04-01 false Selling or offering for sale. 31.22 Section 31.22 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND...Part § 31.22 Selling or offering for sale. Whether...

2014-04-01

289

27 CFR 31.73 - Place of offering for sale.  

27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2014-04-01...2014-04-01 false Place of offering for sale. 31.73 Section 31.73 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND...Registration § 31.73 Place of offering for sale. Liquors are...

2014-04-01

290

27 CFR 31.22 - Selling or offering for sale.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2013-04-01...2013-04-01 false Selling or offering for sale. 31.22 Section 31.22 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND...Part § 31.22 Selling or offering for sale. Whether...

2013-04-01

291

27 CFR 31.22 - Selling or offering for sale.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01...2010-04-01 false Selling or offering for sale. 31.22 Section 31.22 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND...Part § 31.22 Selling or offering for sale. Whether...

2010-04-01

292

27 CFR 31.22 - Selling or offering for sale.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01...2011-04-01 false Selling or offering for sale. 31.22 Section 31.22 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND...Part § 31.22 Selling or offering for sale. Whether...

2011-04-01

293

27 CFR 31.73 - Place of offering for sale.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01...2011-04-01 false Place of offering for sale. 31.73 Section 31.73 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND...Registration § 31.73 Place of offering for sale. Liquors are...

2011-04-01

294

27 CFR 31.73 - Place of offering for sale.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01...2010-04-01 false Place of offering for sale. 31.73 Section 31.73 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND...Registration § 31.73 Place of offering for sale. Liquors are...

2010-04-01

295

Anatomy of Initial Public Offerings of Common Stock  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initial public offerings of common stocks are typically underpriced . In this paper, the author develops and tests the hypothesis that underpricing serves as a form of insurance against legal liabili ty and the associated damages to the reputations of investment banker s. The empirical results, based on samples of initial public offering s of common stocks that were brought

Seha M Tinic

1988-01-01

296

www.econ.pdx.edu Undergraduate Degrees Offered  

E-print Network

, economics offers insight into today's business problems. e program in economics is designed to meet four economic problems; to serve as the core of a liberal arts program for students planning to enter businessECONOMICS www.econ.pdx.edu Undergraduate Degrees Offered: Bachelor of Arts in Economics Bachelor

297

12 CFR 810.2 - Public notice of offering.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FEDERAL FINANCING BANK FEDERAL FINANCING BANK BILLS § 810.2 Public notice of offering. On the occasion of an offering of FFB bills, tenders therefor will be invited through public notices issued by the Federal Financing Bank. Each notice will set forth...

2010-01-01

298

Some Evidence on the Uniqueness of Initial Public Debt Offerings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Debt initial public offerings (IPOs) represent a major shift in a firm's financing policy by both extending debt maturity and altering the public-private debt mix. In contrast to findings for seasoned debt offerings, we document a significantly negative stock price response to debt IPO announcements. This result is consistent with debt maturity and debt ownership structure theories. The equity wealth

Sudip Datta; Mai Iskandar-Datta; Ajay Patel

2000-01-01

299

28 CFR 54.415 - Access to course offerings.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Access to course offerings. 54.415 Section 54.415...Activities Prohibited § 54.415 Access to course offerings. (a) A recipient shall not provide any course or otherwise carry out any of...

2014-07-01

300

For additional information, contact: Department of Ecology  

E-print Network

For additional information, contact: Department of Ecology Montana State University 310 Lewis Hall P.O. Box 173460 Bozeman, MT 59717-3460 Tel: 406-994-4548 Fax: 406-994-3190 www.montana.edu/ecology/ ecology@montana.edu The Department of Ecology at Montana State University offers undergraduate majors

Maxwell, Bruce D.

301

A Longitudinal Study of Memory Advantages in Bilinguals  

PubMed Central

Typically, studies of cognitive advantages in bilinguals have been conducted previously by using executive and inhibitory tasks (e.g. Simon task) and applying cross-sectional designs. This study longitudinally investigated bilingual advantages on episodic memory recall, verbal letter and categorical fluency during the trajectory of life. Monolingual and bilingual participants (n?=?178) between 35–70 years at baseline were drawn from the Betula Prospective Cohort Study of aging, memory, and health. Results showed that bilinguals outperformed monolinguals at the first testing session and across time both in episodic memory recall and in letter fluency. No interaction with age was found indicating that the rate of change across ages was similar for bilinguals and monolinguals. As predicted and in line with studies applying cross-sectional designs, no advantages associated with bilingualism were found in the categorical fluency task. The results are discussed in the light of successful aging. PMID:24023803

Ljungberg, Jessica K.; Hansson, Patrik; Andres, Pilar; Josefsson, Maria; Nilsson, Lars-Goran

2013-01-01

302

Additives boost gasoline quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gasoline additives have become more important to the supply of high-quality finished gasoline. Additives are used for the inhibition of oxidation, rust, and gum formation, and for prevention of deposits on and in engine components. The demand for high-quality fuels has led to many different additives that are added at the refinery and downstream. This article describes some of the

Gibbs

1989-01-01

303

Multioperand Decimal Addition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces four techniques for performing fast decimal addition on multiple binary coded decimal (BCD) operands. Three of the techniques speculate BCD correction values and use chaining to correct intermediate results. The first speculates over one addition. The second speculates over two additions. The third employs multiple instances of the second technique in parallel and then merges the results.

Robert D. Kenney; Michael J. Schulte

2004-01-01

304

Conventional free radical polymerization in room temperature ionic liquids: a green approach to commodity polymers with practical advantages.  

PubMed

Free-radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate and styrene using conventional organic initiators in the room temperature ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([C4mim][PF6]) is rapid and produces polymers with molecular weights up to 10x higher than from benzene; both polymerization and isolation of products were achieved without using VOCs, offering economic as well as environmental advantages. PMID:12125559

Hong, Kunlun; Zhang, Hongwei; Mays, Jimmy W; Visser, Ann E; Brazel, Christopher S; Holbrey, John D; Reichert, W Matthew; Rogers, Robin D

2002-07-01

305

[Food additives and healthiness].  

PubMed

Additives are used for improving food structure or preventing its spoilage, for example. Many substances used as additives are also naturally present in food. The safety of additives is evaluated according to commonly agreed principles. If high concentrations of an additive cause adverse health effects for humans, a limit of acceptable daily intake (ADI) is set for it. An additive is a risk only when ADI is exceeded. The healthiness of food is measured on the basis of nutrient density and scientifically proven effects. PMID:24772784

Heinonen, Marina

2014-01-01

306

Additives boost gasoline quality  

SciTech Connect

Gasoline additives have become more important to the supply of high-quality finished gasoline. Additives are used for the inhibition of oxidation, rust, and gum formation, and for prevention of deposits on and in engine components. The demand for high-quality fuels has led to many different additives that are added at the refinery and downstream. This article describes some of the most important additives, what they are and what they do, and gives some guidelines on the selection and addition of them to the gasoline product.

Gibbs, L.M.

1989-04-24

307

Who Is Offering and How Often? Gender Differences in Drug Offers Among American Indian Adolescents of the Southwest  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory study examined gender differences in the patterns of drug offers among a sample of 71 American Indian middle school students. Participants responded to an inventory of drug-related problem situations specific to the cultural contexts of Southwestern American Indian youth. They were asked to consider the frequency of drug offers from specific groups in their social networks and the

Andrea Dixon Rayle; Stephen Kulis; Scott K. Okamoto; Sheila S. Tann; Craig Winston LeCroy; Patricia Dustman; Aimee M. Burke

2006-01-01

308

Note: This syllabus may represent a past offering of this course and future course offerings may differ.  

E-print Network

-to-finish processes. The course is scenario-based with an emphasis on human-centered management practices represent a past offering of this course and future course offerings may differ. - Localization resource fundamentals - Scheduling - Budgeting and cost tracking - Workflow management - Upstream engagement - Vendor

309

Note: This syllabus may represent a past offering of this course and future course offerings may differ.  

E-print Network

Course Schedule: Tuesdays and Thursdays, 3:30 ­ 5:20 PM Course URL: https://sites.google.com/site/hcde437 by quarter's end. You should submit all assignments using the online Dropbox (https offering of this course and future course offerings may differ. Assignment name Weight Due date Class

310

Note: This syllabus may represent a past offering of this course and future course offerings may differ.  

E-print Network

Note: This syllabus may represent a past offering of this course and future course offerings may differ. HCDE 520: Design & Management of Complex Information & Communication Systems Instructor: Mark Haselkorn Quarter/Year: Spring 2012 Course Schedule: Thursdays, 6 ­ 9:50PM Course Description Key Questions

311

Note: This syllabus may represent a past offering of this course and future course offerings may differ.  

E-print Network

Note: This syllabus may represent a past offering of this course and future course offerings may differ. HCDE 514: Strategies for International Product Management Instructor: Carla Di Franco Quarter/Year: Spring, 2012 Course Schedule: Mondays, 6 ­ 9:50PM Course Description We will work through a number

312

Note: This syllabus may represent a past offering of this course and future course offerings may differ.  

E-print Network

, and cross-cultural business management and team work. Course Objectives Upon completion of this courseNote: This syllabus may represent a past offering of this course and future course offerings may/Year: Autumn 2012 Course Schedule: Mondays, 6:00-9:45 PM Course Description Theory, research, and approaches

313

Physical Education (PHED) Activity Courses In addition to the degree programs offered through HSS, over fifty physical education activity courses  

E-print Network

to students and in some cases, are world renown. Please consider taking an elective physical activity course a physically active lifestyle is paramount to your health and we strongly encourage all students to adopt a lifestyle of regular physical activity, structured exercise, and optimal nutritional intake. All students

Dasgupta, Dipankar

314

The Next Generation Isotope Ratio MS DELTA V Advantage  

E-print Network

Plus The Next Generation Isotope Ratio MS The DELTA V isotope ratio mass spectrometers isotope ratio MS applications in the mass range up to m/z 96. Its versatility puts virtuallyThe Next Generation Isotope Ratio MS DELTA V Advantage DELTA V Plus Analyze · Detect · Measure

Lachniet, Matthew S.

315

TAKING SCIENTIFIC ADVANTAGE OF A DISASTROUS OIL SPILL  

EPA Science Inventory

On 19 January 1996, the North Cape barge ran aground on Moonstone Beach in southern Rhode Island, releasing 828,000 gallons of refined oil. This opportunistic study was designed to take scientific advantage of the most severely affected seabird, the common loon (Gavia immer) . As...

316

Advantages of Laser Polarimetry Applied to Tequila Industrial Process Control  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of a polarimetric method for crude and cooked agave juice quality control not only by direct polarimetric measurement also by means of laser polarimeter LASERPOL 101M used as a liquid chromatographic detector is presented. The viability and advantage of this method for raw material quality control and during Tequila industrial process is shown.

Fajer, V.; Rodriguez, C.; Flores, R.; Naranjo, S.; Cossio, G.; Lopez, J.

2002-03-01

317

Embedded cultural values and international transaction cost advantages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Culturally embedded differences in self-interested behavior and perceptions of trust violate the universal assumption of moral hazard held by transaction cost economic theorists. A model of transaction cost advantage is derived and propositions developed using the cultural value diversity literature to test the universal assumptions of transaction cost economics.

Kelly C. Strong; James Weber

1994-01-01

318

Lower extremity leg amputation: An advantage in running?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal in the rehabilitation of amputees is full reintegration into society. The ability to engage in sports activities is part of the rehabilitation. The prosthetic leg is individually fitted and specialized for one specific type of competition. The discussions regarding bilateral trans?tibial amputee, Oscar Pistorius, focus on the advantages of wearing prosthetic feet. With a holistic view on prosthetic

Knut Lechler; Magnus Lilja

2008-01-01

319

Competitive Advantage Through Joint Ventures-The Case of Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interfirm collaborations are an important source of resources and competitive advantage. Few enterprises have all of the crucial resources to compete effectively with competitors in the current dynamic landscape. Hence, enterprises seek access to the resources needed through joint ventures. Since joint venture as one of the equity alliances, this paper is to examine the relationships between joint venture and

Su-Li Lin; Shih-Chieh Fang

320

A contingency perspective on Internet adoption and competitive advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Firms adopt the Internet for different purposes, ranging from simple Internet presence to using the Internet to transform business operations. This paper examines the contingency factors that affect levels of Internet adoption and their impact on competitive advantage. A questionnaire was used to gather data for this study; 159 usable responses were obtained from a sample of 566 firms in

Thompson S H Teo; Yujun Pian

2003-01-01

321

The advantages and evolution of a morphological novelty  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE role of selective agents in the origin of evolutionary novelties has been controversial1-3 and has remained outside the realm of experiments. Here we experimentally determine both the benefits of a single trait and the advantages accrued during the presumed sequence of evolutionary steps leading to the fully specialized structure. By comparison of red crossbills (Loxia curvirostra, L.), in which

Craig W. Benkman; Anna K. Lindholm

1991-01-01

322

Advantage of rare HLA supertype in HIV disease progression  

Microsoft Academic Search

The highly polymorphic human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules help to determine the specificity and repertoire of the immune response. The great diversity of these antigen-binding molecules confers differential advantages in responding to pathogens, but presents a major obstacle to distinguishing HLA allele–specific effects. HLA class I supertypes provide a functional classification for the many different HLA alleles that

Elizabeth Trachtenberg; Bette Korber; Cristina Sollars; Thomas B Kepler; Peter T Hraber; Elizabeth Hayes; Robert Funkhouser; Michael Fugate; James Theiler; Yen S Hsu; Kevin Kunstman; Samuel Wu; John Phair; Henry Erlich; Steven Wolinsky

2003-01-01

323

Binaural Advantage for Younger and Older Adults with Normal Hearing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Three experiments measured benefit of spatial separation, benefit of binaural listening, and masking-level differences (MLDs) to assess age-related differences in binaural advantage. Method: Participants were younger and older adults with normal hearing through 4.0 kHz. Experiment 1 compared spatial benefit with and without head shadow.…

Dubno, Judy R.; Ahlstrom, Jayne B.; Horwitz, Amy R.

2008-01-01

324

The Timing of Resource Development and Sustainable Competitive Advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a formal model of the timing of resource development by competing …rms. Our aim is to deepen and extend resource-level theorizing about sustainable competitive advantage. Our analysis formalizes the notion of barriers to imitation, particularly those based on time compression diseconomies where the faster a …rm develops a resource the greater the cost. Time compression diseconomies are derived

Gonçalo Pacheco-de-Almeida; Peter Zemsky

2007-01-01

325

Systemic knowledge processes, innovation and sustainable competitive advantages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Turbulence and complexity in the business environment is growing along with the need for external information in creating innovation, as innovation is seen as the primary source of sustainable competitive advantages in the knowledge economy. Consequently, the underlying information processes were external information are gathered and put into use, are crucial for companies in their development of innovation,

Jon-Arild Johannessen; Bjørn Olsen

2009-01-01

326

An Investigation of Dirichlet Prior Smoothing's Performance Advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the language modeling approach to information retrieval, Dirichlet prior smoothing frequently outperforms Jelinek-Mercer smoothing. Both Dirichlet prior and Jelinek-Mercer are forms of linear interpolated smooth- ing. The only difference between them is that Dirichlet prior determines the amount of smoothing based on a document's length. Theory suggests that Dirichlet prior's advantage should be the result of better document model

Mark D. Smucker; James Allan

2005-01-01

327

The Advantages of Highly Controlled Lighting for Offices and Commercial  

E-print Network

LBNL-2514E The Advantages of Highly Controlled Lighting for Offices and Commercial Buildings F that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product for Offices and Commercial Buildings Francis Rubinstein and Dmitriy Bolotov, Lawrence Berkeley National

328

Advantages of ambient interior lighting for drivers contrast vision  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the recent years LEDs became the standard light source for the dashboard, instrument panel and switches in automobiles. In the near future LEDs will bring ambient interior light functions into the vehicle. Advantages of the LEDs are a small installation space, low heat dissipation, the long lifetime and, with Multi-Color-LEDs, the possibility of color tunability. Ambient lighting of door

Sven Schellinger; Dorit Franzke; Karsten Klinger; Uli Lemmer

2006-01-01

329

The framework of competitive advantage based chance discovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

To analyze the competitive advantage, the analyst has to collect and analyze useful news. Therefore, the text mining technology is necessary for extracting information from the collected news. Both data mining and text mining are, as we know, frequency based methods; the low frequency data are usually deleted to discover the associative rules. As a result, some rare but actually

Chao-Fu Hong; Leuo-Hong Wang; Jheng-Long Wu

2008-01-01

330

Educating Students to Give Them a Sustainable Competitive Advantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With an increasingly competitive job market, this study focuses on what marketing educators can do to help students develop a sustainable competitive advantage. The authors conducted a survey of students, faculty, and recruiters to develop a better understanding of what skills and characteristics might be of value to each group of respondents and…

Hopkins, Christopher D.; Raymond, Mary Anne; Carlson, Les

2011-01-01

331

Location Advantages and Strategy Selection of Changsha Auto Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cheaper land, cheaper labor, cheaper capital and convenient mass transportation are determinants of auto industrial location in a completely competitive market. Empirically, Changsha, a city locating in the centre of south China and crossing two main transportation corridors, possesses the location advantages, namely possesses the comparative low cost to develop auto industry. Spatial location of Chinese motor industry is experiencing

Qilin Ding; Zuoxiang Liu

2009-01-01

332

Evolutionary advantage of diploidal over polyploidal sexual reproduction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We modify the Penna model for biological aging, which is based on the mutation-accumulation theory, in order to verify if there would be any evolutionary advantage of triploid over diploid organisms. We show that this is not the case, and that diploidal sex is always better than that involving three individuals.

Sousa, A. O.; Moss de Oliveira, S.; Sá Martins, J. S.

2003-03-01

333

Congruent Knowledge Management Behaviors as Discriminate Sources of Competitive Advantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: While knowledge management has been shown to be a strategic source of competitive advantage, processes designed to enhance the productivity of knowledge do not, however, equally contribute to the organization's capabilities. Consequently, this research aims to focus on the relationship between each mode of the knowledge management process…

Magnier-Watanabe, Remy; Senoo, Dai

2009-01-01

334

The Impact of Core Competencies on Competitive Advantage: Strategic Challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impact of core competencies on competitive advantage and it applied on Jordanian insurance organizations. The population for this study consisted of all the Jordanian insurance organizations heads. A simple random sampling technique was used to select the respondents surveyed for this study, a total of 61 questionnaires were administered to respondents chosen from 18 company; statistical

Jehad S. Bani-Hani; Abdelgader AlHawary

335

Enduring Advantages of Early Cochlear Implantation for Spoken Language Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In this article, the authors sought to determine whether the precise age of implantation (AOI) remains an important predictor of spoken language outcomes in later childhood for those who received a cochlear implant (CI) between 12 and 38 months of age. Relative advantages of receiving a bilateral CI after age 4.5 years, better…

Geers, Anne E.; Nicholas, Johanna G.

2013-01-01

336

Ph.D. Fellowships at NPS The Advantages  

E-print Network

is typically two years; a third year may be considered if warranted. 4. The student must spend one, with advantageous rates for DoD civilians. 6. Payback of a year of civilian employment at a naval warfare center or $38k/year with benefits. 8. Federal benefits include TSP savings, retirement plan, subsidized health

Kölsch, Mathias

337

A Framework for Competitive Advantage in eTourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of new information and communication technologies (ICT) for the travel and tourism industry has increased enormously over the past few years. The tourism area is one of those industries which can gain huge synergy effects from the use of the Internet. This research addresses the issue of competitive advantage for the travel and tourism area by using information

Markus Gratzer; Werner Winiwarter

2003-01-01

338

Identifying home advantage in international tennis and golf tournaments.  

PubMed

A regression analysis of competitors' tournament results in relation to their world rankings was proposed to identify the effect of home advantage in international 'grand-slam' tennis and 'major' golf tournaments. The results provided little evidence of home advantage in either the grand-slam tennis or the golf tournaments held in 1993. The only possible evidence of home advantage was found in the Wimbledon tennis and the US Open golf championships. Even these findings can be explained, at least partially, by (1) the availability of information concerning the low world rankings of the British tennis players competing at Wimbledon, and (2) selective entry, allowing only the world's top-ranked foreign golfers into the US open golf tournament. In both cases, the lower ranking home competitors have a greater opportunity to perform above their anticipated world rankings. Therefore, provided entry into tennis and golf tournaments is truly 'open' to both the host nation's representatives and foreign competitors alike, home advantage does not appear to be a major factor influencing the competitors' performance in such competitions. These findings may be explained by the relatively objective nature of the scoring systems used in tennis and golf, unlike the subjective influence of refereeing decisions on the results of team-games such as soccer. PMID:9293420

Nevill, A M; Holder, R L; Bardsley, A; Calvert, H; Jones, S

1997-08-01

339

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Survival advantages conferred to colon cancer  

E-print Network

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Survival advantages conferred to colon cancer cells by E Klinck5 , François A Auger4 and Jacques Huot1* Abstract Background: Extravasation of circulating cancer cells is a key event of metastatic dissemination that is initiated by the adhesion of cancer cells

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

340

Strategic Mergers of Strong Institutions to Enhance Competitive Advantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic mergers are formal combinations or amalgamations of higher education institutions with the aim of enhancing competitive advantage, or merging for "mutual growth". Recently, in a number of countries, there has been a decided shift from mergers initiated by governments, and dealing mainly with "problem" cases, towards…

Harman, Grant; Harman, Kay

2008-01-01

341

A new Mixed Stacked Multicell converter with Interesting Advantages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multilevel converters are very interesting alternatives for medium and high power applications. This paper presents a new configuration of multicell converters. The main advantages of the proposed converter, in comparison with conventional Flying Capacitor Multicell (FCM) and Stacked Multicell (SM) converters, are doubling the number of output voltage levels and the RMS, improving the output voltage frequency spectrum and lowering

Meisam Sadeghi; Seyed Hossein Hosseini; Mohammad Nilkar

2011-01-01

342

Hatching order explains an extrapair chick advantage in western bluebirds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within-family comparisons of offspring growth rates have provided important tests of genetic benefits of extrapair mating for females. Here, we demonstrate that hatching order explains the growth advantage for extrapair young in western bluebirds (Sialia mexicana); extrapair nestlings are larger than within-pair nestlings in the same nest, but they also hatch earlier in the clutch, thus benefiting from hatching asynchrony.

Elise D. Ferree; Janis Dickinson; Wallace Rendell; Caitlin Stern; Stephanie Porter

2010-01-01

343

SUPPLY CHAIN MISSION To create a competitive advantage for  

E-print Network

versus risk #12;IMPORTANT SUPPLY CHAIN REFERENCES · Arntzen, B.C.; Brown, G.G.; Harrison, T.P.; TraftonSUPPLY CHAIN MISSION STATEMENT · To create a competitive advantage for Welch's through purchasing IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS · Supply Chain Dynamics ­ The flow of materials from vendors to manufacturing plants

Brock, David

344

A Bilateral Advantage for Storage in Visual Working Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various studies have demonstrated enhanced visual processing when information is presented across both visual hemifields rather than in a single hemifield (the "bilateral advantage"). For example, Alvarez and Cavanagh (2005) reported that observers were able to track twice as many moving visual stimuli when the tracked items were presented…

Umemoto, Akina; Drew, Trafton; Ester, Edward F.; Awh, Edward

2010-01-01

345

Upward Wealth Mobility: Exploring the Roman Catholic Advantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wealth inequality is among the most extreme forms of stratification in the United States, and upward wealth mobility is not common. Yet mobility is possible, and this paper takes advantage of trends among a unique group to explore the processes that generate mobility. I show that non-Hispanic whites raised in Roman Catholic families have been…

Keister, Lisa A.

2007-01-01

346

A working memory, not bilingual advantage, in controlled attention  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explored the relationship between working memory (WM) and visually controlled attention (CA) in young bilingual and monolingual children. Previous research has shown that balanced bilingual children outperform monolinguals in CA. However, it is unclear whether this advantage is truly associated with bilingualism or whether potential WM and\\/or language differences led to the observed effects. Therefore, we examined whether bilingual

Mahchid Namazi; Elin Thordardottir

2010-01-01

347

Interdisciplinary Graduate Education at UNH Advantages, Opportunities, and Obstacles  

E-print Network

.D. in Literacy and Schooling, the health administration option in the M.B.A., the Ph.D. option in Systems DesignInterdisciplinary Graduate Education at UNH Advantages, Opportunities, and Obstacles William H. Mc Interdisciplinary graduate education uses tools and intellectual approaches from multiple disciplines for two

348

Hospital Acquired Infections: Advantages of a Computerized Surveillance  

E-print Network

To asses the advantages of a computerized surveillance system to detect Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAI). All HAI reported to the Timis County branch of the Romanian National Health Insurance and the Public Health Authority during the year 2007 were collected and assessed for validity

Mada, Leonard

2009-01-01

349

Hiring & Retaining More Women: The Advantages to Law Enforcement Agencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hiring and retaining more women provides numerous important advantages to law enforcement agencies. Research conducted in the United States and internationally has clearly documented that following facts: (1) female officers are as competent as their male counterparts and even excel in certain areas of police performance; (2) female officers are…

Lonsway, Kimberly A.

350

Foundations for a Competitive Advantage. ILRDC Special Publication Vol. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The six articles in this publication provide information on how basic skills education and training can contribute to corporate profitability, using case studies and examples from corporations that promote employee training. The following articles are included: "Laying the Foundations for a Competitive Advantage: Emson's Skills Enhancement…

Illinois Literacy Resource Development Center, Champaign.

351

Russian Industrial Restructuring: Trends in Productivity, Competitiveness and Comparative Advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates issues related to industrial restructuring in Russia. Based on extensive sectoral data it examines, more particularly, levels and changes in labour productivity, unit labour costs and revealed comparative advantages for a large number of Russian industrial sectors. The main findings are the following. First, impressive increases in labour productivity have been achieved since 1997, especially during the

Rudiger Ahrend

2004-01-01

352

The UNIX/XENIX Advantage: Applications in Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the application of the UNIX/XENIX operating system to support administrative office automation functions--word processing, spreadsheets, database management systems, electronic mail, and communications--at the Central Michigan University Libraries. Advantages and disadvantages of the XENIX operating system and system configuration are…

Gordon, Kelly L.

1988-01-01

353

On the Advantage of WellBalanced Schemes for  

E-print Network

On the Advantage of Well­Balanced Schemes for Moving­Water Equilibria of the Shallow Water Equations Yulong Xing1 , Chi­Wang Shu2 , and Sebastian Noelle3 Bericht Nr. 315 Dezember 2010 Key words: Shallow water equation, still water, moving water equilibrium, high order accuracy, well balanced scheme

354

Understanding the Diminishing Academic Advantage of Full-Day Kindergarten  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most people agree that young children benefit academically from attending kindergarten; however, some research suggests that any academic advantage attributed to attending full day kindergarten compared to half-day programs will disappear as early as third grade. Based on the results of this study which looked at students in typical classroom…

Davies, Randall S.; Cress, Susan

2010-01-01

355

Kefir grain tolerance to Escherichia coli contamination--industrial advantages  

E-print Network

NOTE Kefir grain tolerance to Escherichia coli contamination--industrial advantages Piotr / Published online: 21 August 2012 # INRA and Springer-Verlag, France 2012 Abstract Kefir grains are used the possibility of the re-use of kefir grains grown at 18 °C for 24 h in pasteurized Escherichia coli contaminated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

356

Left ear advantages in detecting emotional tones using dichotic listening task in an Arabic sample.  

PubMed

Advantages associated with the left ear (right brain hemisphere) have been reported in some studies. Of these, some have specifically suggested that the left ear has a more heightened ability to detect emotional tones. Meanwhile others have pointed to factors such as age and gender as potentially leading to manifestations of human laterality. This study investigates which brain hemisphere is more involved in emotional processing of auditory information in Arab participants. We aimed to replicate the previous studies because no single study has been done in the Arabic region previously. Additionally, people in this region prefer to use the right side of their body, e.g., hand, ear, foot, etc., for most daily tasks. To acquire data a dichotic listening task (DLT) was administered to 28 male and 23 female (Edinburgh, UK) university students aged 19 to 38; 13 were left-handed and 38 were right-handed. The results showed a significant left ear advantage in the auditory processing of emotional information. There was a significant negative correlation between ear preference and handedness. Left ear advantage related only to handedness. Thus right-handed participants were more likely than left-handers to have a left ear advantage. The relationship between ear preference and gender was non-significant. The conclusion that might be drawn from this study is that the left ear (right hemisphere) is more involved in emotional processing than the right ear (left hemisphere), especially for right-handed people. PMID:23461765

Alzahrani, Abdulrahman D; Almuhammadi, Marwan A

2013-01-01

357

Does cultural integration explain a mental health advantage for adolescents?  

PubMed Central

Background A mental health advantage has been observed among adolescents in urban areas. This prospective study tests whether cultural integration measured by cross-cultural friendships explains a mental health advantage for adolescents. Methods A prospective cohort of adolescents was recruited from 51 secondary schools in 10 London boroughs. Cultural identity was assessed by friendship choices within and across ethnic groups. Cultural integration is one of four categories of cultural identity. Using gender-specific linear-mixed models we tested whether cultural integration explained a mental health advantage, and whether gender and age were influential. Demographic and other relevant factors, such as ethnic group, socio-economic status, family structure, parenting styles and perceived racism were also measured and entered into the models. Mental health was measured by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire as a ‘total difficulties score’ and by classification as a ‘probable clinical case’. Results A total of 6643 pupils in first and second years of secondary school (ages 11–13 years) took part in the baseline survey (2003/04) and 4785 took part in the follow-up survey in 2005–06. Overall mental health improved with age, more so in male rather than female students. Cultural integration (friendships with own and other ethnic groups) was associated with the lowest levels of mental health problems especially among male students. This effect was sustained irrespective of age, ethnicity and other potential explanatory variables. There was a mental health advantage among specific ethnic groups: Black Caribbean and Black African male students (Nigerian/Ghanaian origin) and female Indian students. This was not fully explained by cultural integration, although cultural integration was independently associated with better mental health. Conclusions Cultural integration was associated with better mental health, independent of the mental health advantage found among specific ethnic groups: Black Caribbean and some Black African male students and female Indian students. PMID:22366123

Bhui, Kamaldeep S; Lenguerrand, Erik; Maynard, Maria J; Stansfeld, Stephen A; Harding, Seeromanie

2012-01-01

358

Addition and Subtraction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Welcome students, Using this website, you can play fun and interactive games and print out fun worksheets that will help you practice addition and subtraction. Please explore the website and print out as many worksheets as you would like. Print out and answer the problems on this worksheet. Addition and Subtraction Worksheet This game is for more advanced students in addition and subtraction. Figure out what sign to put in between the numbers to make the combination on the right. Advanced Add and Subtract Game This fun animal game will help you practice your addition and subtraction. Farm Animal Game Print ...

Roberts, Ms.

2011-04-20

359

Automating the Addition of  

E-print Network

Automating the Addition of Fault _______________________________________________________________________________* *__ o Why automation o Why transformation - Expected to be simpler than designing from scratch - Necessary if the fault-intolerant program

Kulkarni, Sandeep

360

Relaxation relief/relaxation/reduction/improvement offers relief for  

E-print Network

Massage Therapy Relaxation relief/relaxation/reduction/improvement Massage offers relief, Pregnancy Massage, Hot Stone, Reflexology, and Lymphatic Therapy. Courtney Fitzpatrick Courtney Fitzpatrick specializes in Thai Yoga Massage, which is an Eastern tradition that incorporates gentle pressure and passive

Maxwell, Bruce D.

361

43 CFR 2546.1 - Offers of lands for sale.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (2000) COLOR-OF-TITLE AND OMITTED LANDS Snake River, Idaho: Omitted Lands § 2546.1 Offers of lands for sale. Before any lands may be sold under the Act,...

2011-10-01

362

12 CFR 239.59 - Offers and sales of stock.  

...a total price that is equal to the estimated pro forma market value of the shares after conversion. (2) The maximum...disclosure in the offering circular, purchase stock in the open market, or purchase authorized but unissued conversion...

2014-01-01

363

NEW COURSE OFFERED FALL 2014 Special Topics in Anthropology  

E-print Network

NEW COURSE OFFERED FALL 2014 Special Topics in Anthropology (ANTH 395) Salmon and People Instructor speakers, activities, and exhibits at the Museum of Anthropology. This innovative course fields, including anthropology, fisheries science/ management, Native American studies, and wildlife

Collins, Gary S.

364

Music Technology Stetson University offers two degrees combining music with  

E-print Network

Music Technology Stetson University offers two degrees combining music with emerging technologies for artistic expression. The bachelor of music in music technology integrates music performance (voice, orchestral instruments, piano, organ, guitar) with studies in digital music and audio production

Miles, Will

365

7 CFR 3431.17 - VMLRP service agreement offer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE VETERINARY MEDICINE LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM Administration of the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program § 3431.17 VMLRP service agreement offer. The...

2011-01-01

366

7 CFR 3431.17 - VMLRP service agreement offer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE VETERINARY MEDICINE LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM Administration of the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program § 3431.17 VMLRP service agreement offer. The...

2012-01-01

367

7 CFR 3431.17 - VMLRP service agreement offer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of Agriculture (Continued) NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE VETERINARY MEDICINE LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM Administration of the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program § 3431.17 VMLRP service agreement offer. The...

2013-01-01

368

21 CFR 1270.42 - Human tissue offered for import.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Human tissue offered for import. 1270.42...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION HUMAN TISSUE INTENDED FOR TRANSPLANTATION...

2011-04-01

369

21 CFR 1270.42 - Human tissue offered for import.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Human tissue offered for import. 1270.42...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION HUMAN TISSUE INTENDED FOR TRANSPLANTATION...

2010-04-01

370

15 CFR 90.13 - Offer of hearing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURE FOR CHALLENGING CERTAIN POPULATION AND INCOME ESTIMATES § 90.13 Offer of hearing. The hearing officer shall receive the formal challenge and shall...

2012-01-01

371

15 CFR 90.13 - Offer of hearing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURE FOR CHALLENGING CERTAIN POPULATION AND INCOME ESTIMATES § 90.13 Offer of hearing. The hearing officer shall receive the formal challenge and shall...

2010-01-01

372

15 CFR 90.13 - Offer of hearing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURE FOR CHALLENGING CERTAIN POPULATION AND INCOME ESTIMATES § 90.13 Offer of hearing. The hearing officer shall receive the formal challenge and shall...

2013-01-01

373

15 CFR 90.13 - Offer of hearing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURE FOR CHALLENGING CERTAIN POPULATION AND INCOME ESTIMATES § 90.13 Offer of hearing. The hearing officer shall receive the formal challenge and shall...

2011-01-01

374

50 CFR 260.12 - Where inspection service is offered.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01...offered. 260.12 Section 260.12 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES...Establishments and Fishery Products for Human Consumption Inspection Service §...

2011-10-01

375

50 CFR 260.12 - Where inspection service is offered.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01...offered. 260.12 Section 260.12 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES...Establishments and Fishery Products for Human Consumption Inspection Service §...

2010-10-01

376

50 CFR 260.12 - Where inspection service is offered.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2012-10-01 ...offered. 260.12 Section 260.12 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES...Establishments and Fishery Products for Human Consumption Inspection Service §...

2012-10-01

377

50 CFR 260.12 - Where inspection service is offered.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2013-10-01 ...offered. 260.12 Section 260.12 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES...Establishments and Fishery Products for Human Consumption Inspection Service §...

2013-10-01

378

21 CFR 1270.42 - Human tissue offered for import.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Human tissue offered for import. 1270.42...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION HUMAN TISSUE INTENDED FOR TRANSPLANTATION...

2012-04-01

379

21 CFR 1270.42 - Human tissue offered for import.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Human tissue offered for import. 1270.42...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION HUMAN TISSUE INTENDED FOR TRANSPLANTATION...

2014-04-01

380

21 CFR 1270.42 - Human tissue offered for import.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Human tissue offered for import. 1270.42...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS...ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION HUMAN TISSUE INTENDED FOR TRANSPLANTATION...

2013-04-01

381

Docs Offer Advice for Combating Respiratory Virus That's Striking Kids  

MedlinePLUS

... enable JavaScript. Docs Offer Advice for Combating Respiratory Virus That's Striking Kids Proper hygiene, including frequent hand ... do if your child is struck by the virus. The severe respiratory illness, which has been reported ...

382

Psychologist Offers Insight on Bullying and How to Prevent It  

MedlinePLUS

September 29, 2014 Psychologist Offers Insight on Bullying and How to Prevent It Child development expert Dorothy Espelage, PhD, discusses recent research Reporters/editors/producers note: This feature was produced by ...

383

Games and Sports. Offering Social, Competitive and Functional Purpose.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Games offer experiences which should be incorporated into the total physical education program to give students a wide range of opportunities. Suitable themes for teaching games to different elementary ages are suggested. (MT)

Capel, Susan

1986-01-01

384

Models of sweetness additivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Notes that studies of sweetness additivity reported during the past 50 yrs have suggested 2 potentially different ways by which the taste system adds together different sweet substances in a mixture in order to arrive at a higher level. Type I additivity is characterized by the summation of concentrations in a mixture. The taste system then processes the mixture as

Howard R. Moskowitz

1973-01-01

385

Chloro-sulphur additive  

SciTech Connect

Compounds suitable as extreme pressure additives for lubricating oils are of the general formula CX3-S-S-R where X is a halogen and R is a hydrocarbyl. The performance of the compounds is improved by the addition of a stabilizer.

Lenack, A.L.

1980-10-14

386

17 CFR 239.800 - Form CB, report of sales of securities in connection with an exchange offer or a rights offering.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...with an exchange offer or a rights offering. 239.800 Section...with an exchange offer or a rights offering. This Form is...securities in connection with a rights offering in reliance upon...exchange offer or business combination in reliance upon §...

2010-04-01

387

The Advantages of a Rooftop Garden and Other Things  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design education is an aesthetic and humanistic approach for teaching how to contribute to the improvement of the conditions that affect everyone's lives. This article offers an overview of some important concepts to teach young people about regeneration design and the future of our changing environment. It is becoming increasingly evident that we…

Zande, Robin Vande

2006-01-01

388

4 JULY/AUGUST 2006 BRANDINGCreating Intangible Competitive Advantages  

E-print Network

and benefits it offers all firms. For example, increasing numbers of business-to-business oriented brands, How, and Why of Brands While the history of branding and associated benefits are well documented and product attributes, including but not limited to personal experience, nature of advertising, public image

389

Environmental structure and competitive scoring advantages in team competitions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In most professional sports, playing field structure is kept neutral so that scoring imbalances may be attributed to differences in team skill. It thus remains unknown what impact environmental heterogeneities can have on scoring dynamics or competitive advantages. Applying a novel generative model of scoring dynamics to roughly 10 million team competitions drawn from an online game, we quantify the relationship between the structure within a competition and its scoring dynamics, while controlling the impact of chance. Despite wide structural variations, we observe a common three-phase pattern in the tempo of events. Tempo and balance are highly predictable from a competition's structural features alone and teams exploit environmental heterogeneities for sustained competitive advantage. Surprisingly, the most balanced competitions are associated with specific environmental heterogeneities, not from equally skilled teams. These results shed new light on the design principles of balanced competition, and illustrate the potential of online game data for investigating social dynamics and competition.

Merritt, Sears; Clauset, Aaron

2013-10-01

390

Paedomorphic Facial Expressions Give Dogs a Selective Advantage  

PubMed Central

How wolves were first domesticated is unknown. One hypothesis suggests that wolves underwent a process of self-domestication by tolerating human presence and taking advantage of scavenging possibilities. The puppy-like physical and behavioural traits seen in dogs are thought to have evolved later, as a byproduct of selection against aggression. Using speed of selection from rehoming shelters as a proxy for artificial selection, we tested whether paedomorphic features give dogs a selective advantage in their current environment. Dogs who exhibited facial expressions that enhance their neonatal appearance were preferentially selected by humans. Thus, early domestication of wolves may have occurred not only as wolf populations became tamer, but also as they exploited human preferences for paedomorphic characteristics. These findings, therefore, add to our understanding of early dog domestication as a complex co-evolutionary process. PMID:24386109

Waller, Bridget M.; Peirce, Kate; Caeiro, Catia C.; Scheider, Linda; Burrows, Anne M.; McCune, Sandra; Kaminski, Juliane

2013-01-01

391

17 CFR 230.801 - Exemption in connection with a rights offering.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Exemption in connection with a rights offering. 230.801 Section 230...OF 1933 Exemptions for Cross-Border Rights Offerings, Exchange Offers and Business...801 Exemption in connection with a rights offering. A rights offering is...

2010-04-01

392

Us and them: Memory advantages in perceptually ambiguous groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ingroup advantages and outgroup deficits in perception and memory are well-established in research on race, gender, and other\\u000a ostensibly identifiable social categories. The present study extended this research to a social category that is not as perceptually\\u000a apparent: male sexual orientation. Consistent with hypotheses, an interaction of participant sexual orientation and image\\u000a sexual orientation revealed an ingroup enhancement and outgroup

Nicholas O. Rule; Nalini Ambady; Reginald B. Adams; C. Neil Macrae

2007-01-01

393

Cases Studies on Total Productive Management and Competitive Advantages  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of business strategy is to achieve competitive advantages which includes higher efficiency, better quality, more innovation and faster customer response. In other words, the business strategy is to build unique capability of lower cost and\\/or differentiation. In production aspect, unique capability means better production power with better performance at 3M(Man, Machine, Material) of input and PQCDSM (Product, Quality,

Li Chang-Chung; Tsai Ping-Chen

2001-01-01

394

R&D portfolio management framework for sustained competitive advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustained competitive advantage requires a portfolio of R&D (research and development) projects which is balanced in terms of certain qualitative factors especially competitiveness category (i.e., capacity, competency), phase (i.e., basic research, applied research, development), and novelty category (i.e., evolutionary, revolutionary) because they help ensure that a firm has a continuous stream of both short and long range sources of profitability.

William R. Bitman

2005-01-01

395

America's secret competitive advantage is a dirty secret  

Microsoft Academic Search

Michael E Porter, a leading management thinker, identifies seven uniquely American competitive advantages to explain the country’s pre-eminence. He points to America’s environment for entrepreneurship, its science, technology, and innovation machine, its institutions for higher learning, its strong commitment to competition and free markets, its efficient capital markets (especially for risk capital), and its fundamental dynamism and resilience that embraces

Ranjan Sreedharan

2009-01-01

396

17 CFR 230.802 - Exemption for offerings in connection with an exchange offer or business combination for the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...offer or business combination for the securities of foreign private issuers. 230.802 Section 230.802 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND...

2013-04-01

397

17 CFR 230.802 - Exemption for offerings in connection with an exchange offer or business combination for the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...offer or business combination for the securities of foreign private issuers. 230.802 Section 230.802 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND...

2012-04-01

398

17 CFR 230.802 - Exemption for offerings in connection with an exchange offer or business combination for the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...offer or business combination for the securities of foreign private issuers. 230.802 Section 230.802 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND...

2011-04-01

399

School meals in French secondary state schools: Do national recommendations lead to healthier nutrition on offer?  

PubMed

To improve the dietary offering in schools, the French authorities published recommendations on nutrition in 1999, which were then revised in 2007. The aim of the present study was to assess the nutritional offering in secondary school meals and the extent to which the recommendations promote balanced nutritional offerings. In 2005, a national survey was conducted on a representative sample of secondary schools, either administrated by the Ministry of Education (ES) or the Ministry of Agriculture (AS). Information on school-catering organisation and twenty consecutive meals was collected from each of the 707 secondary schools surveyed. Nutritional composition was estimated according to the French food composition database. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to investigate the impact of food-group frequency guidelines (FFG) on nutritional offering. It was found that 15 and 26 % of ES and AS schools, respectively, had high compliance with the FFG, at lunch. Macronutrient content was unbalanced in ES school lunches in which 42·8 % lipids, 21·5 % proteins and 35·7 % carbohydrates contributed to the energy. Nevertheless, proper offerings in Fe, Ca and vitamin C content were observed. In addition, a lower offering in lipids and a higher offering in proteins, Ca, vitamin C and Fe were found when the FFG were applied (P < 0·001). Similar results were found for AS schools. This paper confirms the effectiveness of FFG in providing nutritionally balanced school meals. However, others measures such as nutrition promotion and actions to improve children's food habits have to be introduced to make the recommendations more effective and easier to understand. PMID:21835099

Bertin, Mélanie; Lafay, Lionel; Calamassi-Tran, Gloria; Volatier, Jean-Luc; Dubuisson, Carine

2012-02-01

400

Awesome Addition Games  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These games are fun to play and will test your addition skills! Click on the links to play the games! Play in the Kitten Match and test your math skills!! Pick the grade level you want to play on. Then pick numbers that add up to equal the number that they give you. Hurry, you're being timed! Use your addition skills to win a Diaper Derby!! First decide what you want your baby to look like! Then perform the addition problem that ...

Smith, Ms.

2010-10-14

401

Polyimide processing additives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A process for preparing polyimides having enhanced melt flow properties is described. The process consists of heating a mixture of a high molecular weight poly-(amic acid) or polyimide with a low molecular weight amic acid or imide additive in the range of 0.05 to 15 percent by weight of additive. The polyimide powders so obtained show improved processability, as evidenced by lower melt viscosity by capillary rheometry. Likewise, films prepared from mixtures of polymers with additives show improved processability with earlier onset of stretching by TMA.

Fletcher, James C. (inventor); Pratt, J. Richard (inventor); St.clair, Terry L. (inventor); Stoakley, Diane M. (inventor); Burks, Harold D. (inventor)

1992-01-01

402

Polyimide processing additives  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A process for preparing polyimides having enhanced melt flow properties is described. The process consists of heating a mixture of a high molecular weight poly-(amic acid) or polyimide with a low molecular weight amic acid or imide additive in the range of 0.05 to 15 percent by weight of the additive. The polyimide powders so obtained show improved processability, as evidenced by lower melt viscosity by capillary rheometry. Likewise, films prepared from mixtures of polymers with additives show improved processability with earlier onset of stretching by TMA.

Pratt, J. Richard (inventor); St.clair, Terry L. (inventor); Stoakley, Diane M. (inventor); Burks, Harold D. (inventor)

1993-01-01

403

Targeted deletion of hepatocyte Ikk{beta} confers growth advantages  

SciTech Connect

Mice lacking hepatocyte IKK{beta} (Ikk{beta}{sup {delta}}{sup hep}) are defective in TNF{alpha}-activation of hepatocellular transcription factor NF-{kappa}B, and highly susceptible to hepatotoxicity. Following diethylnitrosamine (DEN) exposure, Ikk{beta}{sup {delta}}{sup hep} mice develop more hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) than control mice due partly to enhanced DEN-induced hepatocyte death. Here we show that Ikk{beta}{sup {delta}}{sup hep} hepatocytes display growth advantages over normal hepatocytes consisting of precocious PCNA and cyclin D1 expression during liver regeneration (shortened hepatocyte G{sub 0} {yields} G{sub 1} transitions), and enhanced recovery efficiency, cyclin D1 expression and cell proliferation after plating. Ex vivo deletion of Ikk{beta} also accelerates hepatocyte growth. Ikk{beta}{sup {delta}}{sup hep} hepatocyte proliferative responses show heightened sensitivity to TGF{alpha} and TNF{alpha}, and heightened expression of fibronectin, collagens I/III, nidogen, {beta}-actin and integrin {beta}1 mRNAs. These findings suggest that altered mitogen signaling and expression of extracellular matrix and its associated components underlie growth advantages. Increased HCC development in Ikk{beta}{sup {delta}}{sup hep} mice may also be caused by growth advantages of surviving Ikk{beta}-deleted hepatocytes.

Koch, Katherine S. [Hepatocyte Growth Control and Stem Cell Laboratory, School of Medicine, University of California at San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive MC 0636, La Jolla, CA 92093-0636 (United States); Maeda, Shin [Department of Gastroenterology, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655 (Japan); He, Guobin; Karin, Michael [Laboratory of Gene Regulation and Signal Transduction, School of Medicine, University of California at San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive MC 0723, La Jolla, CA 92093-0723 (United States); Leffert, Hyam L. [Hepatocyte Growth Control and Stem Cell Laboratory, School of Medicine, University of California at San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive MC 0636, La Jolla, CA 92093-0636 (United States)], E-mail: hleffert@ucsd.edu

2009-03-06

404

Targeted deletion of hepatocyte Ikk? confers growth advantages  

PubMed Central

Mice lacking hepatocyte IKK? (Ikk??hep) are defective in TNF?-activation of hepatocellular transcription factor NF-?B, and highly susceptible to hepatotoxicity. Following diethylnitrosamine (DEN) exposure, Ikk??hep mice develop more hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) than control mice due partly to enhanced DEN-induced hepatocyte death. Here we show that Ikk??hep hepatocytes display growth advantages over normal hepatocytes consisting of precocious PCNA and cyclin D1 expression during liver regeneration (shortened hepatocyte G0 ? G1 transitions), and enhanced recovery efficiency, cyclin D1 expression and cell proliferation after plating. Ex vivo deletion of Ikk? also accelerates hepatocyte growth. Ikk??hep hepatocyte proliferative responses show heightened sensitivity to TGF? and TNF?, and heightened expression of fibronectin, collagens I/III, nidogen, ?-actin and integrin ?1 mRNAs. These findings suggest that altered mitogen signaling and expression of extracellular matrix and its associated components underlie growth advantages. Increased HCC development in Ikk??hep mice may also be caused by growth advantages of surviving Ikk?-deleted hepatocytes. PMID:19171122

Koch, Katherine S.; Maeda, Shin; He, Guobin; Karin, Michael; Leffert, Hyam L.

2009-01-01

405

Comparative advantage: the impact of ISO 14001 environmental certification on exports.  

PubMed

Relative to the enormous acceptance of the ISO 9000 quality standard, the ISO 14001 environmental management certification has been met with only moderate enthusiasm among industrial facilities. The literature on corporate motivation for ISO 14001 participation is relatively modest considering the enormous number of publications reviewing other aspects of its adoption and implementation. It would seem that the present "marketing" package supporting ISO environmental commitments does not seem to offer sufficiently persuasive incentives for increased sales, either domestically or internationally. While researchers assume that a higher export rate of companies is positively associated with higher ISO participation rates, there have been very few empirical studies that support this inference, and conclusions have not been based on data taken from importing countries orfrom a systematic evaluation of expressed corporate preference for products sold by ISO 14001 certified companies. The present study reports the results of a survey to firms in six countries that are Israel's leading trade partners, importing chemicals, textiles, and produce. The survey results confirm that while the international market still considers price and quality as the paramount factors in selection of suppliers, environmental management systems (EMS) are an important feature that is frequently taken into consideration. EMS certification appears to signify a supplier who is managing the business well and exhibiting ethical responsibility. The European market proved to be more environmentally conscious than those in other industrialized parts of the world. EMS offer a particularly valuable advantage for producers wishing to reach European markets. As policy-makers seek to expand the voluntary adoption of EMS, a clear advantage for exporters should be highlighted among national industries. PMID:15871222

Bellesi, Florencia; Lehrer, David; Tal, Alon

2005-04-01

406

AdditionalBooks  

Cancer.gov

While we tried to include potentially useful resources, this website is not exhaustive. New and additional resources may be available. Please let us know if there is a resource you would like to be included.

407

Food Additives and Hyperkinesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hypothesis that food additives are causally associated with hyperkinesis and learning disabilities in children is reviewed, and available data are summarized. Available from: American Medical Association 535 North Dearborn Street Chicago, Illinois 60610. (JG)

Wender, Ester H.

1977-01-01

408

Deck addition at Palmer <  

NSF Publications Database

... EAM NSF Org: OD / OPP Date : January 31, 1991 File : opp93020 DIVISION OF POLAR PROGRAMS OFFICE OF ... Deck Addition at Palmer Station BioLab) To: Files (S.7 - Environment) On January 18, 1991, the ...

409

Palmer boathouse addition <  

NSF Publications Database

... EAM NSF Org: OD / OPP Date : January 31, 1991 File : opp93021 OFFICE OF SAFETY, ENVIRONMENT AND ... Palmer Station Boathouse Addition) To: Files (S.7 - Environment) On January 16, 1991, the civilian ...

410

Smog control fuel additives  

SciTech Connect

A method is described of controlling, reducing or eliminating, ozone and related smog resulting from photochemical reactions between ozone and automotive or industrial gases comprising the addition of iodine or compounds of iodine to hydrocarbon-base fuels prior to or during combustion in an amount of about 1 part iodine per 240 to 10,000,000 parts fuel, by weight, to be accomplished by: (a) the addition of these inhibitors during or after the refining or manufacturing process of liquid fuels; (b) the production of these inhibitors for addition into fuel tanks, such as automotive or industrial tanks; or (c) the addition of these inhibitors into combustion chambers of equipment utilizing solid fuels for the purpose of reducing ozone.

Lundby, W.

1993-06-29

411

Course Offering for Spring 2014 Functional Imaging of the Brain  

E-print Network

the data quantification process for functional imaging research projects. This course is designed to cover basic principles and computational methods required for quantitative analysis of the three most common functions? What are the available techniques and what are their advantages and limitations? With recent

412

Course Minimum Grades RequiredSubjects Additional Information Prosthetics & Orthotics  

E-print Network

Course Minimum Grades RequiredSubjects Additional Information Prosthetics & Orthotics BSc (Honours) Prosthetics & orthotics Highers AAAB A Levels year 1 entry: ABB year 2 entry: not offered IB: 34 HND First

Strathclyde, University of

413

Offers of hepatitis C care do not lead to treatment.  

PubMed

Since 2002, clinicians have been encouraged to offer chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment to patients with injection drug use histories. We conducted 69 baseline and 35 follow-up interviews between September 2002 and November 2004 with HCV patients who were treatment-naïve and receiving regular medical care at an HIV or methadone clinic in New York City at baseline. Of the 31 patients reinterviewed, 20 (65%) were offered treatment but only 2 (7%) were treated. Reasons for failure to be reinterviewed were loss to follow-up at the original site of care (30), death (6), and refusal to be reinterviewed (2). Whereas offers of HCV treatment may be increasing, there is a need to improve continuity of care, patient-provider communication, and patient education regarding HCV treatment options for treatment rates to improve. PMID:17394085

Schackman, Bruce R; Teixeira, Paul A; Beeder, Ann B

2007-05-01

414

Do REITs Manipulate Their Financial Results Around Seasoned Equity Offerings? Evidence from US Equity REITs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses two questions: Is there earnings management in the REIT industry around seasoned equity offerings (SEO)?\\u000a How is earnings management affected by financial and governance factors? Discretionary accruals methods are used to measure\\u000a earnings management. In addition, the difference between actual and calculated FFO is used to capture the potential FFO manipulation.\\u000a We examine how these manipulation measures

Yuan Wei Zhu; Seow Eng Ong; Wee Yong Yeo

2010-01-01

415

An overview of Electronic Document Management System product offerings.  

PubMed

The goal of this article is to provide insight in the evaluation of Electronic Document Management Systems (EDMSs) and the current EDMS vendors and their product offerings. Comparisons are made between the vendors and the products over the past decade. Appendix A and Appendix B outline many of today's key vendor offerings. Issues such as HIPAA and medical errors are discussed as it becomes clearer that the quality of patient care can be positively impacted with the application of information technology such as EDMSs. PMID:12402637

Doupnik, Anita M

2002-08-01

416

Advantages of the Community Climate Model (CCM) concept  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advantages of the Community Climate Model (CCM) concept in which many scientist use the same basic model for a variety of scientific studies, were demonstrated in the CCM workshop. At these workshops, many diverse experiments were seen to relate to each other when performed with the same model, and much constructive dialogue took place between experts in different disciplines. The 3rd workshop on CCM was held in July 1990. To augment these workshops and to foster interchange between all users of the NCAR CCM, the CCM Advisory Committee recommended that a CCM progress report be prepared periodically for all users and potential users.

William, David L.

1990-07-01

417

Additional information: Anthropology  

E-print Network

Additional information: Anthropology: Dr. De Ann Pendry dpendry@utk.edu 865.974.4408 Department of Anthropology 250 South Stadium Hall Spanish: Dr. Ã?scar Rivera-Rodas oriverar@utk.edu 865.974.7005 Department academic tracks: Latin American Anthropology (taught in English), and Language and Latin American

Tennessee, University of

418

Diesel fuel additive  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a diesel fuel additive composition. It comprises about 6.0 weight percent di-tertiary butyl peroxide, about 1.0 weight percent tall oil fatty imidazoline, about 0.5 weight percent neo decanoic acid, the balance being a hydrocarbon solvent carrier.

Vataru, M.; Filowitz, M.S.

1989-08-15

419

Fluency with Basic Addition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, learning basic facts has focused on rote memorization of isolated facts, typically through the use of flash cards, repeated drilling, and timed testing. However, as many experienced teachers have seen, "drill alone does not develop mastery of single-digit combinations." In contrast, a fluency approach to learning basic addition

Garza-Kling, Gina

2011-01-01

420

Additive Versus Subtractive Manufacturing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For manufacturing students learning the basics, this page from SnoCAMP would be a useful addition to in-class instruction. The webpage combines photographs of examples with descriptive text. This would be a good introduction for students learning the basics about manufacturing.

2013-07-23

421

Undergraduate Degrees Offered: Bachelor of Arts in Theater Arts  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Degrees Offered: Bachelor of Arts in Theater Arts Bachelor of Science in Theater Arts Minor in Theater Arts Minor in Film Studies Minor in Dance eater Arts programs strive to ensure of contemporary life. Theater Arts Major Requirements Undergraduates in eater Arts are expected to acquire basic

422

Market Timing Behavior of the Secondary Equity Offerings of REITs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Incorporate finance literature, the concept of market timing means that managers would make,their equity finance decisions according to ,the conditions of the ,capital market. REITs are special investment vehicles and are not ,included in the ,studies of general stocks. Thus the question is: do REITs have the same ,market timing behavior in their secondary equity offerings like general stocks?

Ying Li; Seow Eng Ong

423

Developing and Offering Student Self-Help Support Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of one module extracted from a six-module larger work. Module 3 consists of seven articles on developing and offering student self-help support groups. Article titles and authors are as follows: (1) "Youth Engaged in Self-Help: A Guide for Starting Youth Self-Help Groups" (Mary K. Parkinson, Nancy Sax); (2) "Introducing and…

Walz, Garry R., Ed.; Bleuer, Jeanne C., Ed.

424

MEDIA LEGITIMATION EFFECTS IN THE MARKET FOR INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERINGS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we argue that media-provided information affects investors' impressions of newly public firms. In 225 initial public offerings (IPOs), the volume of media- provided information had a negative, diminishing relationship with underpricing and a positive, diminishing relationship with stock turnover on the first day of trading. The relationship between the tenor of media-provided information and underpricing in- creases

TIMOTHY G. POLLOCK; VIOLINA P. RINDOVA

2003-01-01

425

CHEMISTRY COURSE OFFERINGS, FALL, 2013 (Updated 8/1/13)  

E-print Network

CHEMISTRY COURSE OFFERINGS, FALL, 2013 (Updated 8/1/13) CHEM 0001-01 & 0001-02 - CHEMICAL and chemistry of materials. Three lectures, one laboratory, one recitation. Only one of Chemistry 1, 11, or 16, and coordination chemistry, and chemistry of selected elements. Three lectures, one laboratory, one recitation

Kounaves, Samuel P.

426

technology offer Research and Transfer Support | Heinz Gdl  

E-print Network

technology offer Research and Transfer Support | Heinz Gödl Favoritenstrasse 16/E0154 | A-1040 the concept of a safe handling of a device is of prime importance. Technology The presented belay-panic function stops when low- ering rate is too fast especially suited for (children's) climbing- courses

Szmolyan, Peter

427

Course Offerings, Course Requirements, and Course Taking in Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates practices of high schools that encourage or discourage students' enrollment in advanced mathematics courses. Uses data from transcripts of more than 22,000 graduates of 305 public high schools. Important findings concern the effects of graduation requirements and course offerings on the courses taken by all students and by particular…

Finn, Jeremy D.; Gerber, Susan B.; Wang, Margaret C.

2002-01-01

428

10 CFR 15.65 - Referral of a compromise offer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

The NRC may refer a debtor's firm written offer of compromise, which is substantial in amount, to the Civil Division or other appropriate litigating division in DOJ using a CCLR accompanied by supporting data and particulars concerning the debt. [67 FR 30324, May 6,...

2010-01-01

429

http://forensicscience.ucdavis.edu Offered by the UC Davis  

E-print Network

Toxicology Trace analysis Complete Your Degree While You Keep Your Job The Master of Science in Forensichttp://forensicscience.ucdavis.edu Offered by the UC Davis Forensic Science Graduate Group in collaboration with UC Davis Extension Master of Science in Forensic Science Take part in this unique master

Peisert, Sean

430

http://forensicscience.ucdavis.edu Offered by the UC Davis  

E-print Network

Toxicology Trace analysis Complete Your Degree While You keep Your Job The Master of Science in Forensichttp://forensicscience.ucdavis.edu Offered by the UC Davis Forensic Science Graduate Group in collaboration with UC Davis Extension Master of Science in Forensic Science Take part in this unique master

Peisert, Sean

431

ENGINEERING PHYSICS An Interdisciplinary Program Jointly Offered by the  

E-print Network

of Engineering and the Department of Physics for help in selecting a program that is most suitable. The exactENGINEERING PHYSICS An Interdisciplinary Program Jointly Offered by the School of Engineering and the Department of Physics, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences I. JUSTIFICATION Technology is a driving force

Lozano-Robledo, Alvaro

432

GENE (BIOL) 8650. Responsible Science Offered spring semester  

E-print Network

hour per week. This course will examine a variety of subjects related to the ethical conduct of scienceGENE (BIOL) 8650. Responsible Science Offered spring semester 1. Course ID: GENE 8650. 1 hour. 1 and ethical, social, and policy issues related to carrying out science, especially genetics. Some issues

Arnold, Jonathan

433

College of Education The College of Education offers course work  

E-print Network

; Social and Moral Development and Education; and Early Childhood Education; the Doctor of Philosophy in Early Childhood Education (with strands leading to the MEd only or with the Type 04 certificateCollege of Education The College of Education offers course work which leads to the Doctor

Illinois at Chicago, University of

434

Undergraduate Degrees Offered: Bachelor of Arts in Psychology  

E-print Network

and abuse, documentary filmmaking Dr. Leslie Hammer (I/O): Work and family; occupational health psychologyUndergraduate Degrees Offered: Bachelor of Arts in Psychology Bachelor of Science in Psychology Minor in Psychology "In virtually any of our 24 programs within the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

435

Influences of Product\\/Service-Combined Offers on Manufacturers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new business concept called Functional Sales that offers products and services in a different way of traditional product-sales businesses is getting more attention in manufacturing industries. This paper investigates how this new business concept affects manufacturers in Germany and Italy. The results include that Functional Sales is in many cases motivated by their focus on customers and often consists

Tomohiko Sakao; Nicola Napolitano; Massimo Tronci; Erik Sundin; Mattias Lindahl

2006-01-01

436

Optimal pricing and quantity of products with two offerings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the decision of a firm offering two versions of a product, a deluxe and a regular. While both products satisfy the same market, the deluxe version is sold at a high price relative to its cost and is aimed at the high end of the demand curve. The regular version is sold at a low price relative

Moutaz J. Khouja; Stephanie S. Robbins

2005-01-01

437

CATEGORY-BASED RANKING OF FEDERATED PRODUCT OFFERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last years the World Wide Web has become one of the central sites for consumer product search. Due to the wide range of online malls offering products from different categories in heterogeneous ways, finding the most adequate product is a time-consuming process. Our current research work proposes mechanisms for the federated ranking of such search results. The developed

Maximilian Walther; Daniel Schuster; Till Juchheim; Alexander Schill

438

Social media offers many ways to grow business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Facebook and Twitter and YouTube, oh my! For some of us the added communications channels offered by social media can feel overwhelming in a hurry. But whether we like it or not, theyâre proving to be valuable marketing tools that small and large companies alike are jumping on board to explore.

Alison L

2011-01-01

439

Are Universities Reaping the Available Benefits Internship Programs Offer?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many research studies have examined the benefits student internships offer students and employers, but few looked at the benefits internships might lend to educational institutions. A survey instrument was developed and sent to 619 deans of all U.S. business programs. In all, 29% replied. The results indicate some institutions are gaining the…

Weible, Rick

2010-01-01

440

Creative Writing Stetson University's English department offers a vibrant  

E-print Network

Creative Writing Stetson University's English department offers a vibrant undergraduate program in creative writing for students of all interests and abilities. The creative writing faculty work with students who love language and wish to experiment in poetry, fiction, dramatic writing and creative

Miles, Will

441

Plan Description CSU offers two dental plans for  

E-print Network

Plan Description CSU offers two dental plans for employees to choose from: Delta Dental Basic for rates. Termination of Coverage Refer to Termination of Coverage in the Administrative Provisions section Basic This dental reimbursement plan is always considered the secondary payer when a covered employee

442

Initial perceptions in negotiations: evaluation and response to ?logrolling? offers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In negotiations, where several issues are under consideration and parties have different priorities among these issues, integrative agreements can be reached through 'logrol- ling': concessions on low priority issues in exchange for gains on higher priority issues. The present research focuses on the potential role of initial offers in the development of integrative agreements. We show first, that in a

Simone Moran; Ilana Ritov

2002-01-01

443

48 CFR 225.7703-3 - Evaluating offers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Acquisitions in Support of Operations in Iraq or Afghanistan 225.7703-3 Evaluating...Preference for Products or Services from Iraq or Afghanistan, as follows: (1...is an offer of a product or service from Iraq or Afghanistan, award on that...

2010-10-01

444

MAINTENANCE The Aviation Maintenance Technology Program offers an associate of  

E-print Network

AVIATION MAINTENANCE TECHNOLOGY The Aviation Maintenance Technology Program offers an associate of applied science in aviation maintenance and certificates in airframe, powerplant, or airframe and powerplant maintenance. It is one of the few twelve month Federal Aviation Administration Part-147 certified

Ickert-Bond, Steffi

445

Evidence on the strategic allocation of initial public offerings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evidence reported in this paper suggests that institutional investors capture a large fraction of the short-run profits associated with IPOs. The favored status enjoyed by institutional investors in underpriced offerings appears, however, to carry a quid pro quo expectation that they will participate in less-attractive issues as well. This finding conforms with the Benveniste and Spindt (1989) and Benveniste

Kathleen Weiss Hanley; William J. Wilhelm Jr.

1995-01-01

446

AMST courses offered Spring 2014 Tulsa Based Classes  

E-print Network

AMST courses offered Spring 2014 Tulsa Based Classes: Crime, Law & Am Culture (S) AMST 3333 Liang to crime and the law. Arts and American Society: Tulsa's Public Cultures AMST 3550 Gray T 4:30-7:10p T as Business Culture (D,H) AMST 3823 Gray W 7:20-10p T-NCB 248 Examines American business in relation

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

447

Smart investments by smart money: Evidence from seasoned equity offerings  

Microsoft Academic Search

We document that seasoned equity issuers experiencing the greatest increase in institutional investment around the offer date outperformed their benchmark portfolios in the year following the issue by a statistically and economically significant margin relative to those experiencing the greatest decrease. No such relationship exists for a control sample of matched non-issuers. Issuers with the greatest institutional investment are also

Scott Gibson; Assem Safieddine; Ramana Sontic

2004-01-01

448

Nuclear magnetic resonance offers new insights into Pu 239  

E-print Network

- 1 - Nuclear magnetic resonance offers new insights into Pu 239 May 29, 2012 Nuclear magnetic signal of plutonium 239's unique nuclear magnetic resonance signature has been detected by scientists on the subject, "Observation of 239 Pu Nuclear Magnetic Resonance," was published in the May 18 issue of Science

449

Creative State Pre-K Policies Offer Smart Federal Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act offers an opportunity to invest in programs with the greatest educational and economic benefits. Members of Congress should look to states for flexible, innovative, bipartisan strategies to gradually grow pre-k programs. This brief highlights some of the most promising state efforts to…

Pew Center on the States, 2011

2011-01-01

450

Museum Showcase: Museums Offer Classrooms the Treasures of Many Cultures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes resources that museums make available to classrooms nationwide, particularly multicultural exhibits and educational programs. Describes specific offerings at 14 museums that include inservice teacher training, educational tours, and curriculum materials in Chicano culture, African diversity, Western stereotypes, art, the Holocaust,…

Punske, Lori

1992-01-01

451

SlugClubCard UCSC dining halls offer convenient,  

E-print Network

SlugClubmeals · Purchaseatthesedininghalls: · Cowell/Stevenson Dining Hall · CollegeEight/OakesDining Hall · College Nine/Ten Dining HallSlugClubCard Fall Sale UCSC dining halls offer convenient, buffet-style, all-you-care-to-eat selections with great variety. Vegan and vegetarian options are available.dining.ucsc.edu/slugclub How

California at Santa Cruz, University of

452

Impact of initial public offering coalition on deal completion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measures of underwriter and top management team prestige have been shown to signal the underlying quality of a company in an initial public offering (IPO). We extend these measures to include the entire coalition (i.e., managers, board, venture capitalists (VCs), underwriters, auditors, and both sets of lawyers) and surprisingly find VCs to have the highest explanatory power in predicting IPO

Kevin K. Boeh; Colette Southam

2011-01-01

453

The Business Case for Offering Domestic Partner Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender population represents a large, talented group of potential employees. The dilemma for many employers is how this population should be recognized or accommodated, if at all. This article examines the issue of domestic partnerships and benefit parity. The decision regarding whether to offer domestic partner benefits hinges on an assessment of the costs and benefits

Cynthia L. Cordes

2012-01-01

454

What Does (E)pistemology Have To Offer Feminists?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since traditional epistemology has not been able to present a generality but rather has represented a male perspective as if it is general, neutral, and inclusive of women, then there is the possibility of offering a feminist epistemology. Thus, the critique of the tradition has to come first, to create a space where feminists can begin to…

Thayer-Bacon, Barbara J.

455

Initial Public Offerings: An Analysis of Theory and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

We survey 336 chief financial officers (CFOs) to compare practice to theory in the areas of initial public offering (IPO) motivation, timing, underwriter selection, underpricing, signaling, and the decision to remain private. We find the primary motivation for going public is to facilitate acquisitions. CFOs base IPO timing on overall market conditions, are well informed regarding expected underpricing, and feel

JAMES C. BRAU; STANLEY E. FAWCETT

2006-01-01

456

Racial Discrimination in Labor Markets with Posted Wage Offers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze race discrimination in labor markets in which wage offers are posted. If employers with job vacancies receive multiple applicants, they choose the most qualified but may choose arbitrarily among equally qualified applicants. In the model, firms post wages, workers choose where to apply, and firms decide which workers to hire. Labor-market frictions greatly amplify racial disparities, so mild

Kevin Lang; Michael Manove; William T. Dickens

2005-01-01

457

Fielding The Automated Container Offering System: An interim report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Automated Container Offering System (TACOS) is a cargo booking assistant currently being fielded in the International Traffic Directorate of the Military Traffic Management Command (MTMC). The expert system automates the selection process for type and size of SEAVAN containers, ports, carrier, and ship for containerized military cargo moving from the continental US to Europe. It is designed to perform

B. Dixon; D. Rochette; J. Crandell

1990-01-01

458

EGen: Automatic Job Offer Processing System for Human Resources  

E-print Network

of the Internet has allowed the de- velopment of a market of on-line job search sites. This paper aims growth of the Internet has allowed the developement of an on- line job-search sites market [1 an automatic system to send job offers in XML format (Robopost Gateway) defined with job boards. Therefore

Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse, Université de

459

www.history.pdx.edu Undergraduate Degrees Offered  

E-print Network

HISTORY www.history.pdx.edu Undergraduate Degrees Offered: Bachelor of Arts in History Bachelor of Science in History Minor in History History Honors Option "Portland State students are such a compelling.D. Professor of History Students of history, through investigation of the past, gain skills and perspectives

460

Proton Radiotherapy for Liver Tumors: Dosimetric Advantages Over Photon Plans  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the study is to dosimetrically investigate the advantages of proton radiotherapy over photon radiotherapy for liver tumors. The proton plan and the photon plan were designed using commercial treatment planning systems. The treatment target dose conformity and heterogeneity and dose-volume analyses of normal structures were compared between proton and photon radiotherapy for 9 patients with liver tumors. Proton radiotherapy delivered a more conformal target dose with slightly less homogeneity when compared with photon radiotherapy. Protons significantly reduced the fractional volume of liver receiving dose greater or equal to 30 Gy (V{sub 30}) and the mean liver dose. The stomach and duodenal V{sub 45} were significantly lower with the use of proton radiotherapy. The V{sub 40} and V{sub 50} of the heart and the maximum spinal cord dose were also significantly lower with the use of proton radiotherapy. Protons were better able to spare one kidney completely and deliver less dose to one (generally the left) kidney than photons. The mean dose to the total body and most critical structures was significantly decreased using protons when compared to corresponding photon plans. In conclusion, our study suggests the dosimetric benefits of proton radiotherapy over photon radiotherapy. These dosimetric advantages of proton plans may permit further dose escalation with lower risk of complications.

Wang Xiaochun [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)], E-mail: springxwang@yahoo.com; Krishnan, Sunil [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Zhang Xiaodong; Dong Lei; Briere, Tina [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Crane, Christopher H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Martel, Mary; Gillin, Michael; Mohan, Radhe; Beddar, Sam [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)

2008-01-01

461

Ecological advantages of partial migration as a conditional strategy.  

PubMed

Partial migration is a widespread phenomenon characterized by migrant and resident forms from the same population. In phenotypically plastic taxa with indeterminate growth, resident and migrant ecophenotypes can differ in size and life history traits in ways expected to maximize fitness in the different habitats they exploit. Studies of partial migration in different taxa have advocated either density-dependence or environmental stochasticity as explanations for partial migration. We used a demographic approach for a virtual Brook Trout population to demonstrate the ecological consequences of partial migration under interacting density dependence and environmental stochasticity. The maintenance of partial migration as a conditional strategy in species/populations where resident and migrant forms exhibit life history asymmetries provides ecological advantages. We show that density-dependent migration is expected to increase population fitness under constant environmental conditions or low environmental variation, but decreases population fitness under high environmental variation. These conditions favor intermediate levels of migration as an advantageous tactic. However, there are threshold rates of return migration below which partial migration is no longer a viable tactic. Our modeling approach also allowed the exploration of the distribution of the population by life stage and habitat in response to the strength of density dependence, costs of migration, and return rates, and demonstrated the importance of the conservation of ecophenotypes in partially migratory populations. PMID:23353041

Vélez-Espino, Luis A; McLaughlin, Robert L; Robillard, Melissa

2013-05-01

462

Complexity, Competitive Intelligence and the "First Mover" Advantage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the following paper we explore some of the ways in which competitive intelligence and game theory can be employed to assist firms in deciding whether or not to undertake international market diversification and whether or not there is an advantage to being a market leader or a market follower overseas. In attempting to answer these questions, we take a somewhat unconventional approach. We first examine how some of the most recent advances in the physical and biological sciences can contribute to the ways in which we understand how firms behave. Subsequently, we propose a formal methodology for competitive intelligence. While space considerations here do not allow for a complete game-theoretic treatment of competitive intelligence and its use with respect to understanding first and second mover advantage in firm internationalization, that treatment can be found in its entirety in the on-line proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Complex Systems at http://knowledgetoday.org/wiki/indec.php/ICCS06/89

Fellman, Philip Vos; Post, Jonathan Vos

463

Complexity, Competitive Intelligence and the "First Mover" Advantage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the following paper we explore some of the ways in which competitive intelligence and game theory can be employed to assist firms in deciding whether or not to undertake international market diversification and whether or not there is an advantage to being a market leader or a market follower overseas. In attempting to answer these questions, we take a somewhat unconventional approach. We first examine how some of the most recent advances in the physical and biological sciences can contribute to the ways in which we understand how firms behave. Subsequently, we propose a formal methodology for competitive intelligence. While space considerations here do not allow for a complete game-theoretic treatment of competitive intelligence and its use with respect to understanding first and second mover advantage in firm internationalization, that treatment can be found in its entirety in the on-line proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Complex Systems at e">http://knowledgetoday.org/wiki/indec.php/ICCS06/89.

Fellman, Philip Vos; Post, Jonathan Vos

464

Child center closures: Does nonprofit status provide a comparative advantage?  

PubMed

Reliable access to dependable, high quality childcare services is a vital concern for large numbers of American families. The childcare industry consists of private nonprofit, private for-profit, and governmental providers that differ along many dimensions, including quality, clientele served, and organizational stability. Nonprofit providers are theorized to provide higher quality services given comparative tax advantages, higher levels of consumer trust, and management by mission driven entrepreneurs. This study examines the influence of ownership structure, defined as nonprofit, for-profit sole proprietors, for-profit companies, and governmental centers, on organizational instability, defined as childcare center closures. Using a cross sectional data set of 15724 childcare licenses in California for 2007, we model the predicted closures of childcare centers as a function of ownership structure as well as center age and capacity. Findings indicate that for small centers (capacity of 30 or less) nonprofits are more likely to close, but for larger centers (capacity 30+) nonprofits are less likely to close. This suggests that the comparative advantages available for nonprofit organizations may be better utilized by larger centers than by small centers. We consider the implications of our findings for parents, practitioners, and social policy. PMID:23543882

Lam, Marcus; Klein, Sacha; Freisthler, Bridget; Weiss, Robert E

2013-03-01

465

Proton radiotherapy for liver tumors: dosimetric advantages over photon plans.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study is to dosimetrically investigate the advantages of proton radiotherapy over photon radiotherapy for liver tumors. The proton plan and the photon plan were designed using commercial treatment planning systems. The treatment target dose conformity and heterogeneity and dose-volume analyses of normal structures were compared between proton and photon radiotherapy for 9 patients with liver tumors. Proton radiotherapy delivered a more conformal target dose with slightly less homogeneity when compared with photon radiotherapy. Protons significantly reduced the fractional volume of liver receiving dose greater or equal to 30 Gy (V(30)) and the mean liver dose. The stomach and duodenal V(45) were significantly lower with the use of proton radiotherapy. The V(40) and V(50) of the heart and the maximum spinal cord dose were also significantly lower with the use of proton radiotherapy. Protons were better able to spare one kidney completely and deliver less dose to one (generally the left) kidney than photons. The mean dose to the total body and most critical structures was significantly decreased using protons when compared to corresponding photon plans. In conclusion, our study suggests the dosimetric benefits of proton radiotherapy over photon radiotherapy. These dosimetric advantages of proton plans may permit further dose escalation with lower risk of complications. PMID:18973852

Wang, Xiaochun; Krishnan, Sunil; Zhang, Xiaodong; Dong, Lei; Briere, Tina; Crane, Christopher H; Martel, Mary; Gillin, Michael; Mohan, Radhe; Beddar, Sam

2008-01-01

466

Overlapping and distinct representations of advantageous and disadvantageous inequality  

PubMed Central

Advantageous inequality (AI) aversion, or paying at a personal cost to achieve equal reward distribution, represents a unique feature of human behavior. Here, we show that individuals have strong preferences for fairness in both disadvantageous (DI) and advantageous inequality (AI) situations, such that they alter others' payoff at a personal financial cost. At the neural level, we found that both types of inequality activated the putamen, orbitofrontal cortex, and insula, regions implicated in motivation. Individual difference analyses found that those who spent more money to increase others' payoff had stronger activity in putamen when they encountered AI and less functional connectivity between putamen and both orbitofrontal cortex and anterior insula. Conversely, those who spent more money to reduce others' payoff had stronger activity in amygdala in response to DI and less functional connectivity between amygdala and ventral anterior cingulate cortex. These dissociations suggest that both types of inequality are processed by similar brain areas, yet modulated by different neural pathways. Hum Brain Mapp 35:3290–3301, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25050425

Yu, Rongjun; Calder, Andrew J; Mobbs, Dean

2014-01-01

467

The neural basis of the bilateral distribution advantage.  

PubMed

Letters can be matched by their physical identity (i.e., a-a: same/A-a: different) or by their name (both a-a and A-a: same). The latter, more demanding task has in previous experiments led to an advantage of bilateral over within-hemifield matches, which was not observed in the former. We have investigated the neural basis of this bilateral distribution advantage (BDA) in letter name matching with event-related fMRI. Unilateral, compared to bilateral, name matching led to increased activation in the contralateral fusiform and lateral occipital gyri. This increase went along with an ipsilateral increase of activation in homologous areas. Such a hemispheric resource sharing was not observed for letter shape matching. This pattern of activation shows that letter name matching induces hemispheric resource sharing in visual areas, which occurs when task demands in the hemisphere of input reach a critical level. Activation in anterior cingulate complex and posterior cingulate/retrosplenial cortex showed a task x visual field interaction with lower activation for bilateral than unilateral name matches but higher activation for bilateral than unilateral shape matches, which fits the interhemispheric transfer demands in these tasks. PMID:14508634

Pollmann, Stefan; Zaidel, Eran; von Cramon, D Yves

2003-12-01

468

Heterozygote advantage as a natural consequence of adaptation in diploids  

PubMed Central

Molecular adaptation is typically assumed to proceed by sequential fixation of beneficial mutations. In diploids, this picture presupposes that for most adaptive mutations, the homozygotes have a higher fitness than the heterozygotes. Here, we show that contrary to this expectation, a substantial proportion of adaptive mutations should display heterozygote advantage. This feature of adaptation in diploids emerges naturally from the primary importance of the fitness of heterozygotes for the invasion of new adaptive mutations. We formalize this result in the framework of Fisher's influential geometric model of adaptation. We find that in diploids, adaptation should often proceed through a succession of short-lived balanced states that maintain substantially higher levels of phenotypic and fitness variation in the population compared with classic adaptive walks. In fast-changing environments, this variation produces a diversity advantage that allows diploids to remain better adapted compared with haploids despite the disadvantage associated with the presence of unfit homozygotes. The short-lived balanced states arising during adaptive walks should be mostly invisible to current scans for long-term balancing selection. Instead, they should leave signatures of incomplete selective sweeps, which do appear to be common in many species. Our results also raise the possibility that balancing selection, as a natural consequence of frequent adaptation, might play a more prominent role among the forces maintaining genetic variation than is commonly recognized. PMID:22143780

Sellis, Diamantis; Callahan, Benjamin J.; Petrov, Dmitri A.; Messer, Philipp W.

2011-01-01

469

Child center closures: Does nonprofit status provide a comparative advantage?  

PubMed Central

Reliable access to dependable, high quality childcare services is a vital concern for large numbers of American families. The childcare industry consists of private nonprofit, private for-profit, and governmental providers that differ along many dimensions, including quality, clientele served, and organizational stability. Nonprofit providers are theorized to provide higher quality services given comparative tax advantages, higher levels of consumer trust, and management by mission driven entrepreneurs. This study examines the influence of ownership structure, defined as nonprofit, for-profit sole proprietors, for-profit companies, and governmental centers, on organizational instability, defined as childcare center closures. Using a cross sectional data set of 15724 childcare licenses in California for 2007, we model the predicted closures of childcare centers as a function of ownership structure as well as center age and capacity. Findings indicate that for small centers (capacity of 30 or less) nonprofits are more likely to close, but for larger centers (capacity 30+) nonprofits are less likely to close. This suggests that the comparative advantages available for nonprofit organizations may be better utilized by larger centers than by small centers. We consider the implications of our findings for parents, practitioners, and social policy. PMID:23543882

Lam, Marcus; Klein, Sacha; Freisthler, Bridget; Weiss, Robert E.

2013-01-01

470

Achieving competitive advantage through strategic human resource management.  

PubMed

The framework presented here challenges health care executives to manage human resources strategically as an integral part of the strategic planning process. Health care executives should consciously formulate human resource strategies and practices that are linked to and reinforce the broader strategic posture of the organization. This article provides a framework for (1) determining and focusing on desired strategic outcomes, (2) identifying and implementing essential human resource management actions, and (3) maintaining or enhancing competitive advantage. The strategic approach to human resource management includes assessing the organization's environment and mission; formulating the organization's business strategy; assessing the human resources requirements based on the intended strategy; comparing the current inventory of human resources in terms of numbers, characteristics, and human resource management practices with respect to the strategic requirements of the organization and its services or product lines; formulating the human resource strategy based on the differences between the assessed requirements and the current inventory; and implementing the appropriate human resource practices to reinforce the strategy and attain competitive advantage. PMID:10106917

Fottler, M D; Phillips, R L; Blair, J D; Duran, C A

1990-01-01

471

On the evolutionary advantage of fitness-associated recombination.  

PubMed Central

The adaptive value of recombination remains something of a puzzle. One of the basic problems is that recombination not only creates new and advantageous genetic combinations, but also breaks down existing good ones. A negative correlation between the fitness of an individual and its recombination rate would result in prolonged integrity of fitter genetic combinations while enabling less fit ones to produce new combinations. Such a correlation could be mediated by various factors, including stress responses, age, or direct DNA damage. For haploid population models, we show that an allele for such fitness-associated recombination (FAR) can spread both in asexual populations and in populations reproducing sexually at any uniform recombination rate. FAR also carries an advantage for the population as a whole, resulting in a higher average fitness at mutation-selection balance. These results are demonstrated in populations adapting to new environments as well as in well-adapted populations coping with deleterious mutations. Current experimental results providing evidence for the existence of FAR in nature are discussed. PMID:14704195

Hadany, Lilach; Beker, Tuvik

2003-01-01

472

Social complementation and growth advantages promote socially defective bacterial isolates.  

PubMed

Social interactions among diverse individuals that encounter one another in nature have often been studied among animals but rarely among microbes. For example, the evolutionary forces that determine natural frequencies of bacteria that express cooperative behaviours at low levels remain poorly understood. Natural isolates of the soil bacterium Myxococcus xanthus sampled from the same fruiting body often vary in social phenotypes, such as group swarming and multicellular development. Here, we tested whether genotypes highly proficient at swarming or development might promote the persistence of less socially proficient genotypes from the same fruiting body. Fast-swarming strains complemented slower isolates, allowing the latter to keep pace with faster strains in mixed groups. During development, one low-sporulating strain was antagonized by high sporulators, whereas others with severe developmental defects had those defects partially complemented by high-sporulating strains. Despite declining in frequency overall during competition experiments spanning multiple cycles of development, developmentally defective strains exhibited advantages during the growth phases of competitions. These results suggest that microbes with low-sociality phenotypes often benefit from interacting with more socially proficient strains. Such complementation may combine with advantages at other traits to increase equilibrium frequencies of low-sociality genotypes in natural populations. PMID:24573856

Kraemer, Susanne A; Velicer, Gregory J

2014-04-22

473

The design of impact absorbing structures for additive manufacture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Additive manufacturing (AM) is increasingly becoming a viable manufacturing process due to dramatic advantages that it facilitates in the area of design complexity. This paper investigates the potential of additively manufactured lattice structures for the application of tailored impact absorption specifically for conformal body protection. It explores lattice cell types based on foam microstructures and assesses their suitability for impact

J Brennan-Craddock; D Brackett; R Wildman; R Hague

2012-01-01

474

MANUFACTURABILITY ANALYSIS TO COMBINE ADDITIVE AND SUBTRACTIVE PROCESSES  

E-print Network

of the tool may advantageously be machined or manufactured by an additive process. Originality/value: NowadaysMANUFACTURABILITY ANALYSIS TO COMBINE ADDITIVE AND SUBTRACTIVE PROCESSES Authors: Olivier Kerbrat of this paper is to propose a methodology to estimate manufacturing complexity for both machining and layered

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

475

Generalized Additive Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Likelihood-based regression models such as the normal linear regression model and the linear logistic model, assume a linear (or some other parametric) form for the covariates $X_1, X_2, \\\\cdots, X_p$. We introduce the class of generalized additive models which replaces the linear form $\\\\sum \\\\beta_jX_j$ by a sum of smooth functions $\\\\sum s_j(X_j)$. The $s_j(\\\\cdot)$'s are unspecified functions that are

Trevor Hastie; Robert Tibshirani

1986-01-01

476

Additions to Neotropical Chrysobalanaceae  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of collections of Chrysobalanaceae provides range extensions of some species and additional information for a few\\u000a poorly known ones. Ten new species are here described and illustrated:Licania cabrerae, L. montana, L. morii, L. jefensis, L. pakaraimensis, L. marlenei, L. stewardii, L. aracaensis, Hirtella\\u000a arenosa, H. conduplicata. Several of these are from high elevations, showing that the family is

Ghillean T. Prance

1976-01-01

477

Some advantages of methane in an aircraft gas turbine  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Liquid methane, which can be manufactured from any of the hydrocarbon sources such as coal, shale biomass, and organic waste considered as a petroleum replacement for aircraft fuels. A simple cycle analysis is carried out for a turboprop engine flying a Mach 0.8 and 10, 688 meters (35,000 ft.) altitude. Cycle performance comparisions are rendered for four cases in which the turbine cooling air is cooled or not cooled by the methane fuel. The advantages and disadvantages of involving the fuel in the turbine cooling system are discussed. Methane combustion characteristics are appreciably different from Jet A and will require different combustor designs. Although a number of similar difficult technical problems exist, a highly fuel efficient turboprop engine burning methane appear to be feasible.

Graham, R. W.; Glassman, A. J.

1980-01-01

478

Asia has the global advantage: Race and visual attention.  

PubMed

In studies of visual attention, and related aspects of cognition, race (continent/s of ancestry) of participants is typically not reported, implying that authors consider this variable irrelevant to outcomes. However, there exist several findings of perceptual differences between East Asians and Caucasian Westerners that can be interpreted as relative differences in global versus local distribution of attention. Here, we used Navon figures (e.g., large E made up of small Vs) to provide the first direct comparison of global-local processing using a standard method from the attention literature. Relative to Caucasians, East Asians showed a strong global advantage. Further, this extended to the second generation (Asian-Australians), although weakened compared to recent immigrants. Our results argue participants' race should be reported in all studies about, or involving, visual attention to spatially distributed stimuli: to continue to ignore race risks adding noise to data and/or drawing invalid theoretical conclusions by mixing functionally distinct populations. PMID:20488198

McKone, Elinor; Aimola Davies, Anne; Fernando, Dinusha; Aalders, Rachel; Leung, Hildie; Wickramariyaratne, Tushara; Platow, Michael J

2010-07-21

479

The bilingual L2 advantage in recognition memory.  

PubMed

To better understand the mechanisms by which bilingual proficiency impacts memory processes, two recognition memory experiments were conducted with matched monolingual and bilingual samples. In Experiment 1, monolingual speakers of English and Spanish studied high- and low-frequency words under full attention or cognitive load conditions. In Experiment 2, Spanish-English bilingual participants studied high- and low-frequency words under full-attention conditions in each language. For both monolinguals and bilinguals, low-frequency words were better recognized than high-frequency words. The central new findings were that bilingual recognition was more accurate in the less fluent language (L2) than in the more fluent language (L1) and that bilingual L2 recognition was more accurate than monolingual recognition. The bilingual L2 advantage parallels word frequency effects in recognition and is attributed to the greater episodic distinctiveness of L2 words, relative to L1 words. PMID:23606134

Francis, Wendy S; Strobach, E Natalia

2013-12-01

480

Intensity modulated radiotherapy: advantages, limitations and future developments  

PubMed Central

Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is widely used in clinical applications in developed countries, for the treatment of malignant and non-malignant diseases. This technique uses multiple radiation beams of non-uniform intensities. The beams are modulated to the required intensity maps for delivering highly conformal doses of radiation to the treatment targets, while sparing the adjacent normal tissue structures. This treatment technique has superior dosimetric advantages over 2-dimensional (2D) and conventional 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) treatments. It can potentially benefit the patient in three ways. First, by improving conformity with target dose it can reduce the probability of in-field recurrence. Second, by reducing irradiation of normal tissue it can minimise the degree of morbidity associated with treatment. Third, by facilitating escalation of dose it can improve local control. Early clinical results are promising, particularly in the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, as the IMRT is a sophisticated treatment involving high conformity and high precision, it has specific requirements. Therefore, tight tolerance levels for random and systematic errors, compared with conventional 2D and 3D treatments, must be applied in all treatment and pre-treatment procedures. For this reason, a large-scale routine clinical implementation of the treatment modality demands major resources and, in some cases, is impractical. This paper will provide an overview of the potential advantages of the IMRT, methods of treatment delivery, and equipment currently available for facilitating the treatment modality. It will also discuss the limitations of the equipment and the ongoing development work to improve the efficiency of the equipment and the treatment techniques and procedures. PMID:21614217

2006-01-01

481

Nisshesha rechaka pranayama offers benefits through brief intermittent hypoxia  

PubMed Central

Hypoxia has been a frightening term for doctors and medical students because of the possibility of damage to cells, tissues and organs. However, we now know that brief, episodic hypoxia gives rise to several adaptive responses. These responses in general prepare the body for better tolerating such hypoxic episodes, and also offer protection against several other types of insults. Indeed, scientists at the erstwhile U.S.S.R. have developed what is known as ‘hypoxia therapy’ and reaped the benefits of brief intermittent hypoxia for the last several decades. In India, yogic treatment of various diseases is common. A lesser known but important variety of Pranayama is ‘nisshesha rechaka’, which may be described as breath holding at residual volume. Studies done at our centre have demonstrated that Nisshesha rechaka is the easiest way to produce brief, intermittent hypoxia. There is therefore reason to believe that Nisshesha rechaka pranayama may offer benefits through this mechanism. PMID:22661835

Malshe, Prakash Chintamani

2011-01-01

482

Dualistic healthcare markets: the impact of boutique offerings.  

PubMed

The strategy of introducing specialty healthcare services into the global marketplace is timely, as improved techniques and technology enhance existing treatment interventions and populations are demanding increased access and high quality. In dualistic healthcare markets, countries with a national health service and a private sector, opportunities are either available or can be created to introduce boutique offerings either through strategic alliances or independently. The number of companies with a specialty service offering is increasing in healthcare as niche providers attempt to meet the demand for quality, service and accessibility that may be missing in comprehensive providers. The success of specialty companies in the U.S. within the healthcare arena may translate well into the international market if companies are focused and deliberate in their planning and implementation process. PMID:11186507

Stanfill, P H

2000-01-01

483

Job Offer Management: How Improve the Ranking of Candidates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The market of online job search sites grows exponentially. This implies volumes of information (mostly in the form of free\\u000a text) become manually impossible to process. An analysis and assisted categorization seems relevant to address this issue.\\u000a We present E-Gen, a system which aims to perform assisted analysis and categorization of job offers and of the responses of\\u000a candidates. This

Rémy Kessler; Nicolas Béchet; Juan Manuel Torres Moreno; Mathieu Roche; Marc El-bèze

2009-01-01

484

Underwriter choice and earnings management: evidence from seasoned equity offerings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a sample of seasoned equity offerings (SEOs), this paper examines the association between the choice of financial intermediary\\u000a and earnings management. We contend that with more stringent standards for certification and intense monitoring, highly prestigious\\u000a underwriters restrict firms’ incentives for earnings management to protect their reputation and to avoid potential litigation\\u000a risks, while firms with greater incentives for earnings

Hoje Jo; Yongtae Kim; Myung Seok Park

2007-01-01

485

Firm diversification and earnings management: evidence from seasoned equity offerings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Popular press suggests that diversified firms are more aggressive in managing earnings than non-diversified firms. We examine\\u000a this claim in the seasoned equity offering (SEO) setting, where firms have been shown to have the incentive to manage earnings\\u000a upwards. Using the cross-sectional modified Jones [(1991) J Accounting Res 29:193–228] model to measure discretionary current accruals, we find that discretionary current

Chee Yeow Lim; Tiong Yang Thong; David K. Ding

2008-01-01

486

System and method for offering complementary products / services  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A method, computer program product and computing device for offering complementary products/services includes generating a result set based, at least in part, upon one or more actions taken by a user while browsing a website. At least one item is selected from the result set. A complementary result set is generated that defines, at least in part, one or more products/services that complement the at least one item selected from the result set.

2011-11-08

487

Are the regulations on seasoned equity offerings effective?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the cumulative abnormal returns and operating performance of Chinese listed firms which made seasoned\\u000a equity offerings or right issues at different profitability thresholds. Results show that both the average long-term and short-term\\u000a cumulative abnormal returns of these firms increase significantly after the setting of thresholds. Moreover, the accounting\\u000a performances of these firms are also improved to some

Zhengwei Wang; Dongqing Zhao; Wuxiang Zhu

2008-01-01

488

Outstanding school leavers receive early offers to Notre Dame  

Microsoft Academic Search

183 New South Wales and Western Australian school leavers have been granted places at The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Sydney and Fremantle campuses as part of the High Achiever Early Offer Program (EOP).\\u000aThe program was introduced two years ago to give secondary schools the opportunity to nominate academically strong students who have made an outstanding contribution to school,

Moira Saunders

2008-01-01

489

Almost additive entropy  

E-print Network

We explore consequences of a hyperbolic metric induced by the composition property of the Harvda-Charvat/Dar\\'{o}czy/Cressie-Read/Tsallis entropy. We address the special case of systems described by small deviations of the non-extensive parameter \\ $q\\approx 1$ \\ from the "ordinary" additive case which is described by the Boltzmann/Gibbs/Shannon entropy. By applying the Gromov/Ruh theorem for almost flat manifolds, we show that such systems have a power-law rate of expansion of their configuration/phase space volume. We explore the possible physical significance of some geometric and topological results of this approach.

Nikos Kalogeropoulos

2014-01-06

490

3.OA Addition Patterns  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Below is a table showing addition of numbers from $1$ through $5$. In each column and each row of the table, even and odd numbers alternate. Explain wh...

491

Siloxane containing addition polyimides  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Addition polyimide oligomers have been synthesized from bis(gamma-aminopropyl) tetramethyldisiloxane and 3, 3', 4, 4'-benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride using a variety of latent crosslinking groups as endcappers. The prepolymers were isolated and characterized for solubility (in amide, chlorinated and ether solvents), melt flow and cure properties. The most promising systems, maleimide and acetylene terminated prepolymers, were selected for detailed study. Graphite cloth reinforced composites were prepared and properties compared with those of graphite/Kerimid 601, a commercially available bismaleimide. Mixtures of the maleimide terminated system with Kerimid 601, in varying proportions, were also studied.

Maudgal, S.; St. Clair, T. L.

1984-01-01

492

Proppant flowback control additives  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the laboratory and field development of thermoplastic film materials used to reduce proppant flowback that can occur after fracturing treatments. The paper provides a summary of flowback mechanism theories and laboratory tests comparing flowback tendency for various types of treating procedures and materials. Some of these materials include angular proppant, proppant/fiber mixtures, and proppant with film strips tested over a wide range of temperature, closure stress, and flow-rate conditions. Field treatment procedures are discussed, and several case histories are presented. All of the methods evaluated were effective in reducing proppant flowback under certain conditions. Heat-shrink film cut into thin slivers proved to provide flowback reduction over broad temperature and closure stress ranges and was found to cause little impairment to fracture conductivity with some dependency on use concentration, temperature, and closure stress. The film materials were more resistant to damage caused by blending and pumping than all other materials evaluated. In addition, proppant packs, including consolidated packs, were significantly more tolerant of large, repeated stress changes. Field results indicate that the use of the heat-shrink film material as a flowback control agent permits more aggressive bean-up procedures following conventional fracturing treatments. Conventional dry-additive metering systems were used to add the film material to the fracturing fluid proppant slurry.

Nguyen, P.D.; Weaver, J.D.; Parker, M.A. [and others

1996-12-31

493

Bi-center bit/reamer tool demonstrates its advantages  

SciTech Connect

A downhole drill bit and reamer combination that features a unique eccentric fixed-blade design has been developed by Hughes Christensen. The new system is called RWD, Ream While Drilling. The concept was thoroughly tested by Amoco in its Catoosa Test Facility (CTF) in Oklahoma, and it was successfully applied offshore Trinidad, and in at least two US Gulf of Mexico wells. For specific features, the RWD tool`s design offers a patented hole opening blade, Carbide Supported Edge (CSE) PDC cutters, a blade relief gauge pad, and other blade features, plus interchangeable nozzles that maximize cleaning and minimize hole erosion. The stabilization pad`s size is determined by pilot hole size and amount of imbalance force generated. The two-piece design allows different style pilot bits to be used with the RWD. Tricone or PDC bits can be selected based on lithology and operating parameters.

NONE

1996-02-01

494

New addition curing polyimides  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In an attempt to improve the thermal-oxidative stability (TOS) of PMR-type polymers, the use of 1,4-phenylenebis (phenylmaleic anhydride) PPMA, was evaluated. Two series of nadic end-capped addition curing polyimides were prepared by imidizing PPMA with either 4,4'-methylene dianiline or p-phenylenediamine. The first resulted in improved solubility and increased resin flow while the latter yielded a compression molded neat resin sample with a T(sub g) of 408 C, close to 70 C higher than PME-15. The performance of these materials in long term weight loss studies was below that of PMR-15, independent of post-cure conditions. These results can be rationalized in terms of the thermal lability of the pendant phenyl groups and the incomplete imidization of the sterically congested PPMA. The preparation of model compounds as well as future research directions are discussed.

Frimer, Aryeh A.; Cavano, Paul

1991-01-01

495

Lubricating oil additives  

SciTech Connect

What is disclosed is a concentrated polymer emulsion useful as a lubricating oil additive for improving the viscosity index thereof, said emulsion comprising: (1) a dispersed phase of an olefinic copolymer having a molecular weight complementary with respect to the thickening effect desired; (2) a dispersing phase of a polymer predominantly comprising at least one member selected from the group consisting of acrylate ester and methacrylate ester monomers; (3) a vehicle which is a good solvent for the esters in said dispersing phase and a substantially less good solvent for the olefinic copolymer by virtue of the esters dissolved in said vehicle; and (4) an emulsifier, stabilizing phase distribution, which is a member selected from the group consisting of graft copolymers and block copolymers formed from olefinic monomers and at least one member selected from the group consisting of acrylate ester and methacrylate ester monomers.

Benda, R.; Jost, H.; Knoell, H.; Pennewiss, H.

1981-09-22

496

RGB Additive Color  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Color is all around us. RGB is the color system that is used when mixing light. The RGB system is what we use in computers, televisions, stage lighting, displays and more. It is also called the additive color system because the colors are combined or added to each other to make the colors that we see. What wavelength goes with a color? Remember that a a nanometer is a unit of length in the metric system equal to one billionth of a meter. NASA What is a wave? NASA Color Why is the sky blue? What is RGB and how and where is it used? RGB World 21st Century Color Theory RGB colors are identified on computers by a color value that ranges for R, G, and B, ...

Engelman, Mr.

2010-12-05

497

The Bionic Handling Assistant: a success story of additive manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This review will describe the development of the Bionic Handling Assistant as well as the additive manufacturing (AM) process of robot grippers and its possibilities. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – AM offers the chance to use the additive processes to produce highly flexible automation parts and systems as the Bionic Handling Assistant in small and medium quantities that can utilize a

Andrzej Grzesiak; Ralf Becker; Alexander Verl

2011-01-01

498

Cognitive Advantages of Blending with Material Anchors in Energy Instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conceptual blending theory [1] explains how the human imagination creates unreal situations that help us think about reality. In these imaginary blended situations, we establish new correspondences, interactions, and dynamics, and the outcomes of the dynamics lend insight to the nature of various real situations that were used to compose the blend. Blends are not just in the head, however; in some cases, a material system participates in the blend by lending its material structure as conceptual structure [2]. In the instructional activity Energy Theater [3], people represent units of energy and move around in order to solve puzzles of energy transfer and transformation. We use the ideas of blending and material anchors to understand how learners are able to use the representation to their cognitive advantage. [4pt] [1] Fauconnier, G. & Turner, M. (2002). The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind's Hidden Complexities. New York: Basic Books.[0pt] [2] Hutchins, E. (2005) Material anchors for conceptual blends. Journal of Pragmatics 37, 1555-1577.[0pt] [3] Scherr, R. E., Close, H. G., McKagan, S. B., & Close, E. W. (2010) ``Energy Theater'': Using the body symbolically to understand energy. In C. Singh, M. Sabella, & S. Rebello (Eds.) 2010 PERC Proceedings. Melville, NY: AIP Press.

Close, Hunter; Close, Eleanor; Scherr, Rachel; McKagan, Sarah

2012-03-01

499

Mission and System Advantages of Iodine Hall Thrusters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The exploration of alternative propellants for Hall thrusters continues to be of interest to the community. Investments have been made and continue for the maturation of iodine based Hall thrusters. Iodine testing has shown comparable performance to xenon. However, iodine has a higher storage density and resulting higher ?V capability for volume constrained systems. Iodine's vapor pressure is low enough to permit low-pressure storage, but high enough to minimize potential adverse spacecraft-thruster interactions. The low vapor pressure also means that iodine does not condense inside the thruster at ordinary operating temperatures. Iodine is safe, it stores at sub-atmospheric pressure, and can be stored unregulated for years on end; whether on the ground or on orbit. Iodine fills a niche for both low power (<1kW) and high power (>10kW) electric propulsion regimes. A range of missions have been evaluated for direct comparison of Iodine and Xenon options. The results show advantages of iodine Hall systems for both small and microsatellite application and for very large exploration class missions.

Dankanich, John W.; Szabo, James; Pote, Bruce; Oleson, Steve; Kamhawi, Hani

2014-01-01

500

Improving species-specific IDMS: the advantages of triple IDMS.  

PubMed

Triple isotope dilution mass spectrometry (triple IDMS) has been applied for the first time on protein quantification, especially on transferrin. Transferrin as an acute phase protein is a marker for several inflammation processes in the human body. Therefore, in Germany, the accurate and precise measurement of this important analyte is required. In this work, a new approach to triple IDMS is described and compared to double IDMS. Also, complete uncertainty budgets for both methods were set up to demonstrate the ability of this method to be used as a reference procedure. The relative expanded uncertainty (k=2) for triple IDMS (3.6 %) is smaller than the one for double IDMS (4.0 %). The content of transferrin found in the human serum reference material ERM-DA470k/IFCC ((2.41±0.08) g/kg) with both methods was in good agreement with each other and with the certificate. For triple IDMS ((2.426±0.086) g/kg) and for double IDMS ((2.317±0.092) g/kg), transferrin was determined. Although triple IDMS is a little more time consuming compared to double IDMS, there is the advantage that the isotopic composition of the spike material does not have to be determined. This is very useful especially in case of a marginal isotopic enrichment in the spike or problems with the accurate measurement of the spike isotope ratio. PMID:23010841

Frank, Claudia; Rienitz, Olaf; Swart, Claudia; Schiel, Detlef

2013-02-01