Science.gov

Sample records for officials organizational credibility

  1. Public confidence in local management officials: organizational credibility and emergency behavior

    SciTech Connect

    Sorensen, J.H.

    1984-01-01

    Confidence issues create potential risks for the public in any emergency situation. They do so because credibility and associated perceptions of legitimacy and competency of organizations are determinants of human behavior in disasters. Credibility, however, is only one of numerous factors that shape response of people or organizations to a threatening event. The purposes of this paper are to review what is known about the way in which credibility and related constructs influence emergency response, discuss how this knowledge applies to radiological emergency planning, and suggest how credibility-induced risk can be minimized in emergency planning and response.

  2. The Factor Structure of Source Credibility Scales for Immediate Superiors in the Organizational Context.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Falcione, Raymond L.

    This study reports on two investigations designed to determine the generalizability of source credibility scales for immediate superiors across organizational contexts. Semantic differential-type scales that have been found to load on factors of course credibility in previous studies were combined to provide an item pool for this investigation. In…

  3. Credibility of information from official sources on HIV/AIDS transmission.

    PubMed Central

    Guttman, N; Boccher-Lattimore, D; Salmon, C T

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The authors analyzed data from the 1991 National Planning Survey to (a) assess respondents' awareness of three official sources of information about HIV/AIDS (CDC, the Surgeon General, and state health departments); (b) assess respondents' perceptions of the reliability of these sources; and (c) compare respondents' personal beliefs about HIV transmission with their beliefs regarding the experts' view. METHODS: The authors conducted a secondary analysis of the responses of the 1622 survey participants who gave complete information. RESULTS: People with more years of formal education were more likely to have heard of the CDC and the Surgeon General. The CDC was given the highest overall reliability rating, followed by the Surgeon General and then state health departments. Transmission of HIV/AIDS by various modes of casual contact was perceived more likely among those who gave the CDC lower reliability ratings. However, regardless of their perceptions of the reliability of the CDC as a source of HIV/AIDS information, many respondents believed the probability of transmission by casual contact more likely than they believed experts said it was. CONCLUSIONS: The discrepancy found between what people believe about health risks and what they think experts believe has important implications for the design of effective health information campaigns and for the design of questionnaire items that aim to assess people's "knowledge" and "attitudes" regarding sensitive health topics. PMID:9769772

  4. Risky Business: Communicating with Credibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberger, Leonard S.

    2011-01-01

    In hostile situations, a communicator's goal is to establish and maintain trust and credibility with the audience. School business officials need the special skills and techniques of what's known as "risk communication." Few people are natural risk communicators. Those who do it well honed their skills over many years spent in hostile…

  5. The Credibility Gap between Public Schools and Funding Agencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashburn, Arnold G.

    This paper attempts to lay a general framework for analyzing credibility gaps in evaluative information at various levels of organizational structure. The CIPP model is chosen as a point of reference in order to identify the type of evaluative information to which the concern of this paper is addressed. Credibility gaps are classified as personnel…

  6. Measuring the Concept of Credibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaziano, Cecilie; McGrath, Kristin

    1986-01-01

    Describes measurement of the concept of media credibility in previous research and reports results of a national survey that treated credibility as a multidimensional concept. Concludes from factor analysis that credibility scores for newspapers and television news were correlated. (FL)

  7. Credible threats and promises.

    PubMed Central

    McNamara, John M; Houston, Alasdair I

    2002-01-01

    We consider various implications of information about the other player in two-player evolutionary games. A simple model of desertion shows that information about the partner's behaviour can be disadvantageous, and highlights the idea of credible threats. We then discuss the general issue of whether the partner can convince the focal player that it will behave in a specific way, i.e. whether the focal player can make credible threats or promises. We show that when desertion decisions depend on reserves, a player can manipulate its reserves so as to create a credible threat of desertion. We then extend previous work on the evolution of trust and commitment, discussing conditions under which it is advantageous to assume that a partner will behave in a certain way even though it is not in its best interest. PMID:12495517

  8. Perceptions of Internet Information Credibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metzger, Miriam J.; Flanagin, Andrew J.

    2000-01-01

    Seeks to assess people's perceptions of the credibility of various categories of Internet information. Finds that respondents considered Internet information to be as credible as that obtained from television, radio, and magazines, but not as credible as newspaper information. Explores the social relevance of the findings and discusses them in…

  9. Credible Software and Simulation Uncertainty

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mehta, Unmeel B.; Nixon, David (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    The utility of software primarily depends on its reliability and performance; whereas, its significance depends solely on its credibility for intended use. The credibility of simulations confirms the credibility of software. The level of veracity and the level of validity of simulations determine the degree of credibility of simulations. The process of assessing this credibility in fields such as computational mechanics (CM) differs from that followed by the Defense Modeling and Simulation Office in operations research. Verification and validation (V&V) of CM simulations is not the same as V&V of CM software. Uncertainty is the measure of simulation credibility. Designers who use software are concerned with management of simulation uncertainty. Terminology and concepts are presented with a few examples from computational fluid dynamics.

  10. The Credibility of Science Communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nielsen, L. H.; Jørgensen, N. T.; Jantzen, K.; Christensen, L. L.

    2007-10-01

    Current developments in the media marketplace and an increased need for visibility to secure funding are leading inevitably to faster, simpler and more aggressive science communication. This article presents the results of an exploratory study of potential credibility problems in astronomy press releases, their causes, consequences and possible remedies. The study consisted of eleven open-ended interviews with journalists, scientists and public information officers. Results suggest that credibility issues are central to communication, deeply integrated into the workflow and can have severe consequences for the actors (especially the scientist), but are an unavoidable part of the communication process.

  11. Credibility and Perceived Power Ratings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nesler, Mitchell S.; And Others

    French and Raven (1959) proposed five bases of social power: referent, expert, legitimate, reward, and coercive power. Other power bases, such as information control and ecological control, have also been proposed. Another factor which might be considered a power base is the credibility of a source. A 2 x 3 factorial design was used to manipulate…

  12. Perceived Credibility of Internet Encyclopedias

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kubiszewski, Ida; Noordewier, Thomas; Costanza, Robert

    2011-01-01

    A vast amount of information is now available online, produced by a variety of sources with a range of editorial oversight procedures. These range from very centralized information with multiple layers of review, to no oversight at all. Determining which information is credible can pose a real challenge. An experiment was designed to determine…

  13. Communicator Credibility: Trustworthiness Defeats Expertness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lui, Louisa; Standing, Lionel

    1989-01-01

    Compared credibility of highly trustworthy communicator with that of an expert by using nuns (N=36) who listened to the same persuasive message about Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome presented as either a trustworthy source (priest), an expert (doctor), or a neutral source. Found trustworthy communicator was regarded as significantly more…

  14. Organizational Effectiveness of Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miskel, Cecil

    1982-01-01

    Because organizational effectiveness of schools is difficult to define, a model is needed to explain the complexities of the concept. Two models offer some promise. One is the goal model, which defines effectiveness as the degree to which organizations meet or surpass their goals (either official or operational). The other is the system resource…

  15. Source Credibility in Persuasive Oral Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Vanessa Dean

    1988-01-01

    The author discusses persuasive communication and explores why some speakers are seen as credible sources of information while others are not. She covers several factors related to perceived credibility, including (1) sex, (2) size, (3) age, and (4) social status of the source. Methods of establishing credibility are discussed. (CH)

  16. Expertise, Credibility, and Influence: How Teachers Can Influence Policy, Advance Research, and Improve Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hatch, Thomas; Eiler White, Melissa; Faigenbaum, Deborah

    2005-01-01

    While many efforts to foster teacher leadership focus on the power, authority, and control that can come with teachers' formal positions in organizational hierarchies, case studies of 4 teachers document how expertise, credibility, and influence can come together in teachers' activities regardless of the formal positions they hold. These teachers'…

  17. Credible Computations: Standard and Uncertainty

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mehta, Unmeel B.; VanDalsem, William (Technical Monitor)

    1995-01-01

    The discipline of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is at a crossroad. Most of the significant advances related to computational methods have taken place. The emphasis is now shifting from methods to results. Significant efforts are made in applying CFD to solve design problems. The value of CFD results in design depends on the credibility of computed results for the intended use. The process of establishing credibility requires a standard so that there is a consistency and uniformity in this process and in the interpretation of its outcome. The key element for establishing the credibility is the quantification of uncertainty. This paper presents salient features of a proposed standard and a procedure for determining the uncertainty. A customer of CFD products - computer codes and computed results - expects the following: A computer code in terms of its logic, numerics, and fluid dynamics and the results generated by this code are in compliance with specified requirements. This expectation is fulfilling by verification and validation of these requirements. The verification process assesses whether the problem is solved correctly and the validation process determines whether the right problem is solved. Standards for these processes are recommended. There is always some uncertainty, even if one uses validated models and verified computed results. The value of this uncertainty is important in the design process. This value is obtained by conducting a sensitivity-uncertainty analysis. Sensitivity analysis is generally defined as the procedure for determining the sensitivities of output parameters to input parameters. This analysis is a necessary step in the uncertainty analysis, and the results of this analysis highlight which computed quantities and integrated quantities in computations need to be determined accurately and which quantities do not require such attention. Uncertainty analysis is generally defined as the analysis of the effect of the uncertainties

  18. Source Credibility in Tobacco Control Messaging

    PubMed Central

    Schmidt, Allison M.; Ranney, Leah M.; Pepper, Jessica K.; Goldstein, Adam O.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives Perceived credibility of a message’s source can affect persuasion. This paper reviews how beliefs about the source of tobacco control messages may encourage attitude and behavior change. Methods We conducted a series of searches of the peer-reviewed literature using terms from communication and public health fields. We reviewed research on source credibility, its underlying concepts, and its relation to the persuasiveness of tobacco control messages. Results We recommend an agenda for future research to bridge the gaps between communication literature on source credibility and tobacco control research. Our recommendations are to study the impact of source credibility on persuasion with long-term behavior change outcomes, in different populations and demographic groups, by developing new credibility measures that are topic- and organization-specific, by measuring how credibility operates across media platforms, and by identifying factors that enhance credibility and persuasion. Conclusions This manuscript reviews the state of research on source credibility and identifies gaps that are maximally relevant to tobacco control communication. Knowing first whether a source is perceived as credible, and second, how to enhance perceived credibility, can inform the development of future tobacco control campaigns and regulatory communications. PMID:27525298

  19. Behavioral Components of Perceived Supervisor Credibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Falcione, Raymond L.

    A factor analytic study which sought to discover the dimensions of credibility in the context of subordinate and supervisor interaction is reported in this paper. It was hypothesized that perceived supervisor credibility is a function of subordinate part participation in decision making, communication reciprocity, feedback perceptiveness, feedback…

  20. Credibility and advocacy in conservation science.

    PubMed

    Horton, Cristi C; Peterson, Tarla Rai; Banerjee, Paulami; Peterson, Markus J

    2016-02-01

    Conservation policy sits at the nexus of natural science and politics. On the one hand, conservation scientists strive to maintain scientific credibility by emphasizing that their research findings are the result of disinterested observations of reality. On the other hand, conservation scientists are committed to conservation even if they do not advocate a particular policy. The professional conservation literature offers guidance on negotiating the relationship between scientific objectivity and political advocacy without damaging conservation science's credibility. The value of this guidance, however, may be restricted by limited recognition of credibility's multidimensionality and emergent nature: it emerges through perceptions of expertise, goodwill, and trustworthiness. We used content analysis of the literature to determine how credibility is framed in conservation science as it relates to apparent contradictions between science and advocacy. Credibility typically was framed as a static entity lacking dimensionality. Authors identified expertise or trustworthiness as important, but rarely mentioned goodwill. They usually did not identify expertise, goodwill, or trustworthiness as dimensions of credibility or recognize interactions among these 3 dimensions of credibility. This oversimplification may limit the ability of conservation scientists to contribute to biodiversity conservation. Accounting for the emergent quality and multidimensionality of credibility should enable conservation scientists to advance biodiversity conservation more effectively. PMID:26041036

  1. Measuring the Concept of Media Credibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaziano, Cecilie; McGrath, Kristin

    A study was conducted to explore attitudes toward the credibility of individual media and news media in general. The first phase of the study was a series of focused group discussions, while the second involved a national representative sampling of 1,469 adults interviewed by telephone, 875 of whom were then surveyed by mail. Credibility scores…

  2. Establishing the Department's Credibility with Central Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Makay, John J.

    1999-01-01

    Presents some of the comments the author has shared in recent years with a number of faculty, particularly colleagues who attended workshops he conducted at Bowling Green State University for new department chairs. Explains how the department increased its credibility. Blends explanations with ideas for establishing credibility from three…

  3. Credibility and advocacy in conservation science

    PubMed Central

    Horton, Cristi C.; Peterson, Tarla Rai; Banerjee, Paulami

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Conservation policy sits at the nexus of natural science and politics. On the one hand, conservation scientists strive to maintain scientific credibility by emphasizing that their research findings are the result of disinterested observations of reality. On the other hand, conservation scientists are committed to conservation even if they do not advocate a particular policy. The professional conservation literature offers guidance on negotiating the relationship between scientific objectivity and political advocacy without damaging conservation science's credibility. The value of this guidance, however, may be restricted by limited recognition of credibility's multidimensionality and emergent nature: it emerges through perceptions of expertise, goodwill, and trustworthiness. We used content analysis of the literature to determine how credibility is framed in conservation science as it relates to apparent contradictions between science and advocacy. Credibility typically was framed as a static entity lacking dimensionality. Authors identified expertise or trustworthiness as important, but rarely mentioned goodwill. They usually did not identify expertise, goodwill, or trustworthiness as dimensions of credibility or recognize interactions among these 3 dimensions of credibility. This oversimplification may limit the ability of conservation scientists to contribute to biodiversity conservation. Accounting for the emergent quality and multidimensionality of credibility should enable conservation scientists to advance biodiversity conservation more effectively. PMID:26041036

  4. Believe It or Not: Factors Influencing Credibility on the Web.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wathen, C. Nadine; Burkell, Jacquelyn

    2002-01-01

    Reviews selected literature related to the credibility of information, including credibility in traditional media, credibility in electronic media, Internet health information, and credibility rating systems. Proposes a model for how users judge the credibility of online information. (Contains 52 references.) (Author/LRW)

  5. Credibility analysis of risk classes by generalized linear model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Erdemir, Ovgucan Karadag; Sucu, Meral

    2016-06-01

    In this paper generalized linear model (GLM) and credibility theory which are frequently used in nonlife insurance pricing are combined for reliability analysis. Using full credibility standard, GLM is associated with limited fluctuation credibility approach. Comparison criteria such as asymptotic variance and credibility probability are used to analyze the credibility of risk classes. An application is performed by using one-year claim frequency data of a Turkish insurance company and results of credible risk classes are interpreted.

  6. Organizational Climate for Successful Aging.

    PubMed

    Zacher, Hannes; Yang, Jie

    2016-01-01

    Research on successful aging at work has neglected contextual resources such as organizational climate, which refers to employees' shared perceptions of their work environment. We introduce the construct of organizational climate for successful aging (OCSA) and examine it as a buffer of the negative relationship between employee age and focus on opportunities (i.e., beliefs about future goals and possibilities at work). Moreover, we expected that focus on opportunities, in turn, positively predicts job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and motivation to continue working after official retirement age. Data came from 649 employees working in 120 companies (M age = 44 years, SD = 13). We controlled for organizational tenure, psychological climate for successful aging (i.e., individuals' perceptions), and psychological and organizational age discrimination climate. Results of multilevel analyses supported our hypotheses. Overall, our findings suggest that OCSA is an important contextual resource for successful aging at work. PMID:27458405

  7. Organizational Climate for Successful Aging

    PubMed Central

    Zacher, Hannes; Yang, Jie

    2016-01-01

    Research on successful aging at work has neglected contextual resources such as organizational climate, which refers to employees’ shared perceptions of their work environment. We introduce the construct of organizational climate for successful aging (OCSA) and examine it as a buffer of the negative relationship between employee age and focus on opportunities (i.e., beliefs about future goals and possibilities at work). Moreover, we expected that focus on opportunities, in turn, positively predicts job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and motivation to continue working after official retirement age. Data came from 649 employees working in 120 companies (Mage = 44 years, SD = 13). We controlled for organizational tenure, psychological climate for successful aging (i.e., individuals’ perceptions), and psychological and organizational age discrimination climate. Results of multilevel analyses supported our hypotheses. Overall, our findings suggest that OCSA is an important contextual resource for successful aging at work. PMID:27458405

  8. Coherence and Credibility: The Aesthetics of Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    House, Ernest R.

    1979-01-01

    Evaluation studies are discussed in terms of aesthetic and literary qualities. Concepts such as imagery, coherence, credibility, dramatic structure, mode of presentation, and story line, are analyzed in relation to evaluative documents. (MH)

  9. Dimensions of Credibility in Models and Simulations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Steele, Martin J.

    2008-01-01

    Based on the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) work in developing a standard for models and simulations (M&S), the subject of credibility in M&S became a distinct focus. This is an indirect result from the Space Shuttle Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB), which eventually resulted in an action, among others, to improve the rigor in NASA's M&S practices. The focus of this action came to mean a standardized method for assessing and reporting results from any type of M&S. As is typical in the standards development process, this necessarily developed into defming a common terminology base, common documentation requirements (especially for M&S used in critical decision making), and a method for assessing the credibility of M&S results. What surfaced in the development of the NASA Standard was the various dimensions credibility to consider when accepting the results from any model or simulation analysis. The eight generally relevant factors of credibility chosen in the NASA Standard proved only one aspect in the dimensionality of M&S credibility. At the next level of detail, the full comprehension of some of the factors requires an understanding along a couple of dimensions as well. Included in this discussion are the prerequisites for the appropriate use of a given M&S, the choice of factors in credibility assessment with their inherent dimensionality, and minimum requirements for fully reporting M&S results.

  10. Organizational Epistemology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    von Krogh, George; Roos, Johan

    This book is intended to give readers an observational scheme for understanding the process of organizational knowledge development at the individual and social levels. Chapter 1 examines devising a concept of organizational knowledge. In chapter 2, the place of epistemology within philosophy is discussed along with organizational, cognitivist,…

  11. Credibility Issues Related to Testing Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleming, Margaret

    The implementation of a district-wide testing program requires careful consideration of credibility issues. These issues have been frequently overlooked or treated casually by test developers and users alike. It is well enough to study the reliability and validity issues involved when selecting instrumentation. It is also necessary to identify…

  12. Elementary Students' Construct of PE Teacher Credibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramos, Nilo O.; McCullick, Bryan A.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate elementary students' perceptions of PE teacher credibility. Eight high- and low-skilled students from grades 3 and 5 were selected from a school employing a PE teacher holding a National Board Certification. Data were collected in the school setting utilizing observations, field notes, an open-ended…

  13. The Relationship of Somatotype to Source Credibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toomb, Kevin; Divers, Lawrence T.

    A study was designed to measure the effects of the source's body type--endomorph (fat), mesomorph (muscular), and ectomorph (thin)--in relation to his perceived credibility by the receiver. Five hundred subjects were randomly selected from a basic communication course and, in groups of twenty in a classroom setting, were each given a…

  14. Some Correlates of Media Political Advertising Credibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Einsiedel, E. F.; Casey, William

    Data collected as part of a larger survey that focused on the 1978 gubernatorial race in New York State were used in a study of political advertising and media credibility. Specifically, the study examined the factors that influence an individual's rating of the helpfulness of political advertising and related these factors to voting patterns. A…

  15. Maintaining Credibility with the Media and Public in Uncertain Times

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hosansky, D.

    2010-12-01

    The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) is in a unique position with regard to the complex interface between science, policy makers, the media, and the general public. Because NCAR is sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF), it enjoys great credibility. At the same time, it is managed by a non-profit consortium of universities and therefore is free of the constraints that government scientists sometimes face when communicating with reporters and the public. The NCAR Media Office strategically works to protect the credibility of scientists. Its overriding goal is to ensure that the center and the larger scientific community remain a trusted source of information about weather and climate topics, including such controversial topics as climate change. Scientists are freely available to talk with reporters without needing any official clearance. A multi-tier approach is adopted for disseminating science news to the media and public, ranging from news releases for significant, peer-reviewed research results to online, non-technical summaries for research that is more specialized or still in process. The media office directs reporters not only to NCAR scientists, but also to researchers at federal agencies and universities. It works closely with media officers and researchers at other organizations, often helping scientific collaborators connect with reporters. These approaches have helped make NCAR well known in the media industry as an authoritative, credible, and accessible source of information. To further disseminate information about science, the NCAR Media Office is expanding its efforts into multimedia, including video interviews and other footage; animations; and still images. These efforts are often undertaken in collaboration with NSF and other scientific organizations. In addition, the office is putting a greater emphasis on social media, using such tools as Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube to communicate major scientific developments in

  16. Organizational Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Travis

    2013-01-01

    Helping principals understand the importance of organizational justice is the first step in enhancing learning outcomes for all learners, regardless of their social class, race, abilities, sex, or gender. In schools, organizational justice may be defined as teachers' perceptions of fairness, respect, and equity that relate to their…

  17. Organizational Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beriwal, Madhu; Clegg, Stewart; Collopy, Fred; McDaniel, Reuben, Jr.; Morgan, Gareth; Sutcliffe, Kathleen; Kaufman, Roger; Marker, Anthony; Selwyn, Neil

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of organizational science, broadly defined as including many fields--organizational behavior and development, management, workplace performance, and so on--were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might…

  18. Repetition-based credibility enhancement of unfamiliar faces.

    PubMed

    Brown, Alan S; Brown, Lori A; Zoccoli, Sandy L

    2002-01-01

    This experiment demonstrated that rating the credibility of nonfamous faces results in a significant increase in rated credibility on a subsequent encounter relative to new nonfamous faces. The degree of credibility enhancement is comparable for both honesty and sincerity ratings and at both short (2-day) and long (14-day) interrating intervals. Furthermore, credibility enhancement was independent of recognition; ratings were significantly higher for repeated faces, regardless of whether they were remembered. Although female faces were rated more credible than male faces, there was no gender difference in the degree of credibility enhancement with repetition. Conditional analyses revealed that actual, rather than perceived, repetition formed the basis of credibility enhancement. Future research should compare repetition effects on both credibility and affect as well as the durability of such effects over time. PMID:12041008

  19. Effects of Verbal-Vocal Message Discrepancy on Teacher Credibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karr, P. J.; Beatty, Michael

    1979-01-01

    Vocal cues which were inconsistent with verbal messages and their effects on teacher credibility were examined. Results suggested that teacher credibility was at least partially dependent upon the degree of verbal vocal consistency in teachers' messages. (Author/MH)

  20. Analysis of Credible Accidents for Argonaut Reactors

    SciTech Connect

    Hawley, S. C.; Kathern, R. L.; Robkin, M. A.

    1981-04-01

    Five areas of potential accidents have been evaluated for the Argonaut-UTR reactors. They are: • insertion of excess reactivity • catastrophic rearrangement of the core • explosive chemical reaction • graphite fire • fuel-handling accident. A nuclear excursion resulting from the rapid insertion of the maximum available excess reactivity would produce only 12 MWs which is insufficient to cause fuel melting even with conservative assumptions. Although precise structural rearrangement of the core would create a potential hazard, it is simply not credible to assume that such an arrangement would result from the forces of an earthquake or other catastrophic event. Even damage to the fuel from falling debris or other objects is unlikely given the normal reactor structure. An explosion from a metal-water reaction could not occur because there is no credible source of sufficient energy to initiate the reaction. A graphite fire could conceivably create some damage to the reactor but not enough to melt any fuel or initiate a metal-water reaction. The only credible accident involving offsite doses was determined to be a fuel-handling accident which, given highly conservative assumptions, would produce a whole-body dose equivalent of 2 rem from noble gas immersion and a lifetime dose equivalent commitment to the thyroid of 43 rem from radioiodines.

  1. Exploring how nurse lecturers maintain clinical credibility.

    PubMed

    Fisher, Melanie T

    2005-01-01

    The role of the nurse lecturer is changing. There is growing pressure from the government and professionals alike to recruit nurse teachers who posses both practical and recent experience of nursing [Department of Health, 1999. Making a Difference: Strengthening the Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting Contribution to Health and Health Care. DOH, London; UKCC, 2000. Standards for the Preparation of Teachers of Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting. UKCC, London]. Whilst much of the literature available suggests a growing concern amongst practitioners, students and nurse educationalists themselves about the importance of being ;clinically credible', what is not clear is how tangible it is to maintain currency and clinical credibility. In addition, the term ;clinical credibility' is in itself ill-defined. An exploratory study was undertaken within one higher education institution which sought to seek the views of nurse lecturers. The principles of ethnography were applied to this research. The sample included six of the most recently appointed nurse lecturers within one academic faculty who taught predominantly on pre-registration programmes. Data from individual and focus group interviews was analysed using a thematic content analysis approach. The findings are discussed which embrace the concepts of: working ;hands on' in the clinical area, clinical currency, transferability of skills, clinical visibility and role development. Recommendations for the development of professional practice are offered. PMID:19038175

  2. Paradoxes of the Web: The Ethical Dimensions of Credibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burbules, Nicholas C.

    2001-01-01

    Reviews issues surrounding ethical determinations of the credibility of online materials. Highlights include the volume of Web material; the self-sustaining nature of the Internet; the speed of growth and dispersion of information available; recognizing credible sources; and defining credibility, including timeliness and comprehensiveness. (LRW)

  3. Use of Third-Party Credibility in Hostile Situations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorney, Carole M.

    A study analyzed the use of third-party credibility as a deliberate and systematic public relations strategy to regain credibility for an organization faced with public hostility. Four types of third-party usage are: citizen participation, outside investigation, adversarial advocacy, and employee dissemination. Third-party credibility as a public…

  4. Metaphor Content and Perceived Credibility: A Regression Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinsch, N. L., Jr.

    This study explored the relationship of metaphor content and the perceived credibility of the person using the metaphor. The subjects were 190 persons attending Western Illinois University who were exposed to two credibility inductions, each including a figurative statement, and then were asked to rate the credibility of each source. The…

  5. The Study of Relationship between Organizational Culture and Organizational Belonging in Employees of Varamin County Office of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tabatabaee, Seyed Mahmoud; Koohi, Amirhasan; Ghandali, Abbas; Tajik, Tayebeh

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the present research is to study the relationship between organizational culture and organizational belonging among employees of Varamin County ministry of education. This is a descriptive-survey study. The statistical population is consisted of all 274 official and contract employees of ministry of education in Varamin County of…

  6. Cheap Talk and Credibility: The Consequences of Confidence and Accuracy on Advisor Credibility and Persuasiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sah, Sunita; Moore, Don A.; MacCoun, Robert J.

    2013-01-01

    Is it possible to increase one's influence simply by behaving more confidently? Prior research presents two competing hypotheses: (1) the confidence heuristic holds that more confidence increases credibility, and (2) the calibration hypothesis asserts that overconfidence will backfire when others find out. Study 1 reveals that, consistent with the…

  7. Integrated Medical Model Verification, Validation, and Credibility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Walton, Marlei; Kerstman, Eric; Foy, Millennia; Shah, Ronak; Saile, Lynn; Boley, Lynn; Butler, Doug; Myers, Jerry

    2014-01-01

    The Integrated Medical Model (IMM) was designed to forecast relative changes for a specified set of crew health and mission success risk metrics by using a probabilistic (stochastic process) model based on historical data, cohort data, and subject matter expert opinion. A probabilistic approach is taken since exact (deterministic) results would not appropriately reflect the uncertainty in the IMM inputs. Once the IMM was conceptualized, a plan was needed to rigorously assess input information, framework and code, and output results of the IMM, and ensure that end user requests and requirements were considered during all stages of model development and implementation. METHODS: In 2008, the IMM team developed a comprehensive verification and validation (VV) plan, which specified internal and external review criteria encompassing 1) verification of data and IMM structure to ensure proper implementation of the IMM, 2) several validation techniques to confirm that the simulation capability of the IMM appropriately represents occurrences and consequences of medical conditions during space missions, and 3) credibility processes to develop user confidence in the information derived from the IMM. When the NASA-STD-7009 (7009) was published, the IMM team updated their verification, validation, and credibility (VVC) project plan to meet 7009 requirements and include 7009 tools in reporting VVC status of the IMM. RESULTS: IMM VVC updates are compiled recurrently and include 7009 Compliance and Credibility matrices, IMM VV Plan status, and a synopsis of any changes or updates to the IMM during the reporting period. Reporting tools have evolved over the lifetime of the IMM project to better communicate VVC status. This has included refining original 7009 methodology with augmentation from the NASA-STD-7009 Guidance Document. End user requests and requirements are being satisfied as evidenced by ISS Program acceptance of IMM risk forecasts, transition to an operational model and

  8. Credibility and drug education: a critique and reformulation.

    PubMed

    Buckley, J E

    1989-06-01

    The literature on the impact of source credibility on drug education is reviewed. It is argued that most of this research is rooted in an inaccurate and imprecise conceptualization of credibility. Contemporary communication theory is drawn upon to suggest that the concept is more complex and more fluid than previously though, with the factors comprising credibility varying with the source, topic, situation, and audience. The implications of such a reconceptualization for drug education are discussed. PMID:2689358

  9. Towards a Credibility Assessment of Models and Simulations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Blattnig, Steve R.; Green, Lawrence L.; Luckring, James M.; Morrison, Joseph H.; Tripathi, Ram K.; Zang, Thomas A.

    2008-01-01

    A scale is presented to evaluate the rigor of modeling and simulation (M&S) practices for the purpose of supporting a credibility assessment of the M&S results. The scale distinguishes required and achieved levels of rigor for a set of M&S elements that contribute to credibility including both technical and process measures. The work has its origins in an interest within NASA to include a Credibility Assessment Scale in development of a NASA standard for models and simulations.

  10. Establishing the credibility of archaeoastronomical sites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ruggles, Clive L. N.

    2015-08-01

    This is not a talk about archaeoastronomy per se, but rather about how the Astronomy and World Heritage Initiative helps us deal with archaeoastronomical sites as potential World Heritage.In 2011, an attempt to nominate a prehistoric “observatory” site onto the World Heritage List proved unsuccessful because UNESCO rejected the interpretation as statistically and archaeologically unproven. The case highlights an issue at the heart of archaeoastronomical methodology and interpretation: the mere existence of astronomical alignments in ancient sites does not prove that they were important to those who constructed and used the sites, let alone giving us insights into their likely significance and meaning. Advances in archaeoastronomy over several decades have resulted in the development of a substantial body of theory and practice (Ruggles 2014) where the most favoured interpretations depend upon integrating methods from astronomy, anthropology and other disciplines, but individual cases can still engender considerable controversy.The fact that more archaeoastronomical sites are now appearing on national tentative lists prior to their WHL nomination means that this is no longer just an academic issue; establishing the credibility of the archaeoastronomical interpretations is crucial to any assessment of their value in heritage terms.In this talk I shall describe progress that has been made within the Astronomy and World Heritage Initiative towards establishing broadly acceptable measures of archaeoastronomical credibility that make sense in the context of the heritage evaluation process. I will focus particularly, but not exclusively, on sites that are included in the Thematic Studies and/or are already included on national Tentative Lists, such as the Portuguese/Spanish seven-stone antas (Neolithic dolmens) and Chankillo in Peru (solar observation device dating to c. 300BC). I will also mention how the recognition of astronomical attributes of potential

  11. Measurement of the Credibility of Peers and Spouses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCroskey, James C.; And Others

    This study was designed to investigate the generalizability of source credibility scales across various types of sources and various types of subjects. Semantic differential scales from previous studies were used as an additional item pool for this study. Results of the work indicated that the factor structure for source credibility for spouses…

  12. Causal Attributions and Perceived Source Credibility: Theory, Data, and Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickett, Terry A.; Sussman, Lyle

    A general framework for viewing the relationship between attribution processes and perceived source credibility is proposed. Based upon this framework, an experimental study was conducted examining perceived source credibility as a function of causal attributions in messages. Three independent variables were incorporated into a 2x2x2 factorial…

  13. Dimensions of Teacher Credibility and Faculty-Course Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holdridge, William E.

    The author begins with a general review of source credibility research, as an introduction to his study on the dimensions of credibility for teachers in the classroom and the dimensions of faculty-course evaluation questionnaires. His investigation utilized 46 semantic differential scales for the concepts "this teacher" and "this class," using as…

  14. Readers' reliance on source credibility in the service of comprehension.

    PubMed

    Sparks, Jesse R; Rapp, David N

    2011-01-01

    The current project examined the impact of knowledge about the credibility of sources on readers' processing of texts. Participants read texts in which information about characters was provided by either a credible or a noncredible source; this information suggested that the character potentially possessed a particular trait. A subsequent text episode offered the opportunity for participants to apply any inferred trait to their understanding of unfolding story events. In Experiment 1, participants' moment-by-moment reading times indicated strong expectations for characters to behave in trait-consistent ways, with little effect of credibility on those expectations. Experiments 2 and 3 provided participants with additional encouragement to attend to credibility during reading, but these experiments also revealed little influence of credibility. In Experiment 4, in addition to being given added encouragement, participants were explicitly asked to evaluate the likelihood of future text events; under these conditions, expectations for story outcomes were influenced by the credibility of information sources. This influence was mediated by the degree to which participants self-reported relying on credibility during the task. These findings have implications for contemporary accounts of text comprehension, persuasion, and individual differences in credibility assessment. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:21244116

  15. The Role of Corporate Credibility in Legitimizing Disease Promotion

    PubMed Central

    Malone, Ruth E.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives. We explored what corporate “credibility” means to tobacco companies to determine why it matters to companies and what a lack of credibility means to them. Methods. We collected documents from an online tobacco industry document archive and analyzed them with an interpretive approach. Results. Tobacco companies conceptualized credibility not as being worthy of belief or confidence but as inspiring it. Thus, credibility was understood primarily as altering public perception of the industry. “Truth” was largely absent from tobacco industry conceptualizations of credibility, which were linked with “responsibility” and “reasonableness.” However, industry research found that the public regarded credibility and responsibility differently, expecting these to entail truth telling, advertising reductions, less harmful products, apologies for deception, making amends, or exiting the tobacco business altogether. Overall, industry credibility-building projects failed repeatedly. Conclusions. Public health discourse increasingly attends to the roles of corporations in promoting disease. Industries such as tobacco and alcohol have been identified as profiting from harmful products. Yet corporations' ability to continue business as usual requires sustaining an implicit societal assent to their activities that depends on corporate credibility. For public health to address corporate disease promotion effectively, undermining corporate credibility may be strategically important. PMID:19106419

  16. Web Site Credibility: Why Do People Believe What They Believe?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iding, Marie K.; Crosby, Martha E.; Auernheimer, Brent; Klemm, E. Barbara

    2009-01-01

    This research investigates university students' determinations of credibility of information on Web sites, confidence in their determinations, and perceptions of Web site authors' vested interests. In Study 1, university-level computer science and education students selected Web sites determined to be credible and Web sites that exemplified…

  17. Mixed Methods and Credibility of Evidence in Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mertens, Donna M.; Hesse-Biber, Sharlene

    2013-01-01

    We argue for a view of credible evidence that is multidimensional in philosophical and methodological terms. We advocate for the importance of deepening the meaning of credible evaluation practice and findings by bringing multiple philosophical and theoretical lenses to the evaluation process as a basis for the use of mixed methods in evaluation,…

  18. Data Credibility: A Perspective from Systematic Reviews in Environmental Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pullin, Andrew S.; Knight, Teri M.

    2009-01-01

    To use environmental program evaluation to increase effectiveness, predictive power, and resource allocation efficiency, evaluators need good data. Data require sufficient credibility in terms of fitness for purpose and quality to develop the necessary evidence base. The authors examine elements of data credibility using experience from critical…

  19. Message framing and credibility: application in dental services.

    PubMed

    Arora, R

    2000-01-01

    This study uses an experimental approach to test the influence of message framing and credibility on the attitude toward a dental exam and consumers' intention to use the dental office. The findings indicate a strong effect of credibility on attitude as well as intention. The influence of framing is also statistically significant. Implications for marketers in terms of message strategy are discussed. PMID:11184434

  20. Credibility battles in the autism litigation.

    PubMed

    Kirkland, Anna

    2012-04-01

    That vaccines do not cause autism is now a widely accepted proposition, though a few dissenters remain. An 8-year court process in the US federal vaccine injury compensation court ended in 2010 with rulings that autism was not an adverse reaction to vaccination. There were two sets of trials: one against the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and one against the mercury-based preservative thimerosal. The MMR story is more widely known because of publicity surrounding the main proponent of an MMR-autism link, British doctor Andrew Wakefield, but the story of thimerosal in court is largely untold. This study examines the credibility battles and boundary work in the two cases, illuminating the sustaining world of alternative science that supported the parents, lawyers, researchers, and expert witnesses against vaccines. After the loss in court, the families and their advocates transformed their scientific arguments into an indictment of procedural injustice in the vaccine court. I argue that the very efforts designed to produce legitimacy in this type of lopsided dispute will be counter-mobilized as evidence of injustice, helping us understand why settling a scientific controversy in court does not necessarily mean changing anyone's mind. PMID:22848999

  1. Credible suggestions affect false autobiographical beliefs.

    PubMed

    Scoboria, Alan; Wysman, Lauren; Otgaar, Henry

    2012-07-01

    False memory implantation studies are characterised by suggestions indicating that specific unremembered events occurred, attributing suggested events to a knowledgeable source (e.g., parents), and including true events that provide evidence that this source was consulted. These characteristics create a particular retrieval context that influences how individuals come to believe that false events occurred. Two studies used a variant of implantation methods to vary the proportion of events attributed to parents and the presence of true events within the suggestion. In Study 1 participants received six false events, and were told that all or some events came from parents. Participants told that all of the events came from parents formed more and stronger false beliefs. In Study 2 participants also received two true events, and a third group was told that half of the events came from their parents. Participants given the specific ratio ("half") endorsed more false beliefs, and beliefs between the other groups no longer differed. Across both studies participants told that some events came from parents reported stronger memory phenomenology. The effect of suggestions on false beliefs in implantation studies depends partly on the credibility of suggestions derived from providing information about the source of suggested events. PMID:22537029

  2. Typologizing Organizational Amnesia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Othman, Rozhan; Hashim, Noor Azuan

    2004-01-01

    This article proposes that a major problem limiting an organization's ability to develop organizational learning capacity is of organizational amnesia. To understand organizational amnesia, it is necessary to look at the various ways that organizational learning is defined. Organizational learning is not merely the process of acquiring knowledge.…

  3. Confirmation of ETI: initial organizational response

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harrison, Albert A.

    2003-08-01

    Perhaps the most crucial responses to the confirmation of extraterrestrial intelligence will come from organizations, rather than from individual people. Among the key organizations that will help shape humanity's response are political institutions such as the US Congress, administrative bodies such as the US Department of State, security agencies, the military, professional societies, and the media. Although popular culture and individual beliefs will affect organizational performance, organizational reactions will depend also on organizational cultures and traditions, administrative structures, communication patterns, decision-making processes, and the actions of other organizations. Prompt and effective responses may be blocked by sociopolitical constraints, jurisdictional disputes, cumbersome structures and procedures, stresses that frequently slow and distort information processing, and potentially counterproductive efforts to maintain positive organizational images. Efforts undertaken by governmental agencies will be hampered by public perceptions of low credibility. Foresight and advance preparation are among the steps that organizations may take to prepare for contact, but conservative values, skepticism towards SETI, and competing organizational priorities make serious preparation unlikely.

  4. Gender, smiling, and witness credibility in actual trials.

    PubMed

    Nagle, Jacklyn E; Brodsky, Stanley L; Weeter, Kaycee

    2014-01-01

    It has been acknowledged that females exhibit more smiling behaviors than males, but there has been little attention to this gender difference in the courtroom. Although both male and female witnesses exhibit smiling behaviors, there has been no research examining the subsequent effect of gender and smiling on witness credibility. This study used naturalistic observation to examine smiling behaviors and credibility in actual witnesses testifying in court. Raters assessed the smiling behaviors and credibility (as measured by the Witness Credibility Scale) of 32 male and female witnesses testifying in trials in a mid-sized Southern city. "Credibility raters" rated the perceived likeability, trustworthiness, confidence, knowledge, and overall credibility of the witnesses using the Witness Credibility Scale. "Smile raters" noted smiling frequency and types, including speaking/expressive and listening/receptive smiles. Gender was found to affect perceived trustworthiness ratings, in which male witnesses were seen as more trustworthy than female witnesses. No significant differences were found in the smiling frequency for male and female witnesses. However, the presence of smiling was found to contribute to perceived likeability of a witness. Smiling female witnesses were found to be more likeable than smiling male and non-smiling female witnesses. PMID:24634058

  5. NAGWS Volleyball Guide, 1989. Official Rules & Interpretations/Officiating.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, Reston, VA. National Association for Girls and Women in Sport.

    This booklet contains the official rules and interpretations for officiating in volleyball competitions. Section 1 states the National Association for Girls and Women in Sport (NAGWS) interscholastic and collegiate volleyball rules for 1989-90. Section 2 presents a summary and descriptions of officiating techniques and mechanics. Study questions…

  6. [Medical expert opinion--credibility, ethics, remuneration].

    PubMed

    Sahar, Avraham

    2007-07-01

    Israeli Law requires a Personal Injury Claim to be supported by an Expert Medical Opinion. Such evidence provides the Court with information essential for the evaluation of scientific material, which is beyond the Court's "judicial knowledge". Incongruent Expert Opinions are not necessarily the result of deceit. Experts are entitled to differences in their respective evaluation and interpretation of data and conflicting medical opinions may be legitimate. The Court's duty and prerogative is to select the "legally correct" opinion. The sole tool at the Court's disposal is precise and logical thinking, aided by principles set by the U.S. Supreme Court for the evaluation of scientific evidence, and adopted by the Israeli Court. The choice of the "correct" opinion centers on it's objectivity. A court-appointed expert is not necessarily an effective solution. Remuneration of the expert by the interested party increases the level of mistrust. The difficult questions concerning the credibility of an opinion arise as the result of insufficient specific expertise of the witness, presentation by a pretender to expertise or plain misrepresentation of data, excerpts of literature etc. Such transgressions are best exposed by the opposing party's expert and attorney. The court has effective means for the control of such behavior. The fraudulent expert witness is neither immune to criminal prosecution, nor to civil suit. IMA's Code of Ethics for Experts is adequate. Expert's fees should be consistent with the effort involved, as well as with the expert's rank and experience. Any linkage of fees to the outcome of the procedure should be prohibited, as well as the intervention of "contractors". Attempts to limit experts' fees, may result in the abstention of the most knowledgeable specialists from such duties. The blame for a false opinion does not lie with the paying party, it is mostly the witness who is responsible. PMID:17803167

  7. Credibility of statistical downscaling under nonstationary climate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salvi, Kaustubh; Ghosh, Subimal; Ganguly, Auroop R.

    2016-03-01

    Statistical downscaling (SD) establishes empirical relationships between coarse-resolution climate model simulations with higher-resolution climate variables of interest to stakeholders. These statistical relations are estimated based on historical observations at the finer resolutions and used for future projections. The implicit assumption is that the SD relations, extracted from data are stationary or remain unaltered, despite non-stationary change in climate. The validity of this assumption relates directly to the credibility of SD. Falsifiability of climate projections is a challenging proposition. Calibration and verification, while necessary for SD, are unlikely to be able to reproduce the full range of behavior that could manifest at decadal to century scale lead times. We propose a design-of-experiments (DOE) strategy to assess SD performance under nonstationary climate and evaluate the strategy via a transfer-function based SD approach. The strategy relies on selection of calibration and validation periods such that they represent contrasting climatic conditions like hot-versus-cold and ENSO-versus-non-ENSO years. The underlying assumption is that conditions such as warming or predominance of El Niño may be more prevalent under climate change. In addition, two different historical time periods are identified, which resemble pre-industrial and the most severe future emissions scenarios. The ability of the empirical relations to generalize under these proxy conditions is considered an indicator of their performance under future nonstationarity. Case studies over two climatologically disjoint study regions, specifically India and Northeast United States, reveal robustness of DOE in identifying the locations where nonstationarity prevails as well as the role of effective predictor selection under nonstationarity.

  8. Executive Summary: Special Section on Credible Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mehta, Unmeel B.

    1998-01-01

    This summary presents the motivation for the Special Section on the credibility of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations, its objective, its background and context, its content, and its major conclusions. Verification and validation (V&V) are the processes for establishing the credibility of CFD simulations. Validation assesses whether correct things are performed and verification assesses whether they are performed correctly. Various aspects of V&V are discussed. Progress is made in verification of simulation models. Considerable effort is still needed for developing a systematic validation method that can assess the credibility of simulated reality.

  9. Organizational Communication: ERIC Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boileau, Don M.

    1984-01-01

    Presents abstracts from "Resources in Education" on (1) teaching about women in organizational communication; (2) communication as part of job satisfaction; and (3) research in organizational communication. (PD)

  10. Brand emotional credibility: effects of mixed emotions about branded products with varying credibility.

    PubMed

    Mileti, Antonio; Prete, M Irene; Guido, Gianluigi

    2013-10-01

    This research investigates the effects of mixed emotions on the positioning and on the intention to purchase different categories of branded products (i.e., Attractiveness-products, Expertise-products, and Trustworthiness-products), in relation to their main component of credibility (Ohanian, 1990). On the basis of a focus group (n = 12) aimed to identify the three branded products used as stimuli and a pre-test (n = 240) directed to discover emotions elicited by them, two studies (n = 630; n = 240) were carried out. Positioning and multiple regression analyses showed that positive and negative emotions are positively related with the positioning and the purchase intention of Attractiveness-products, and, respectively, positively and negatively related with those of Trustworthiness-products; whereas negative emotions are negatively associated with those of Expertise-products. Brand Emotional Credibility--i.e., the emotional believability of the brand positioning signals--may help to identify unconscious elements and the simultaneous importance of mixed emotions associated with different products to match consumers' desires and expectations. PMID:24597437

  11. Organizational Commitment through Organizational Socialization Tactics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Filstad, Cathrine

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to investigate how organizational socialization tactics affect newcomers' organizational commitment and learning processes. Design/methodology/approach: A survey was conducted using a measurement tool based on Van Maanen and Schein's theory on organizational socialization tactics and Kuvaas' measurement tools of…

  12. The aerospace plane design challenge - Credible computational fluid dynamics results

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mehta, Unmeel B.

    1990-01-01

    In order to establish the credibility of CFD results utilized in aerospace plane design, the following topics are discussed: CFD validation in relation to 'measureable' fluid dynamics (MFD) validation, credibility requirements, responsibility for credibility, and a guide for establishing credibility. What is of paramount concern for fluid dynamic design is not CFD code validation but qualification of CFD unknowns so that their magnitude is greatly reduced and that these uncertainties are employed for designing with margin. The designers must be trained to properly use CFD if they are to produce good designs. In approximately 70 percent of the flight envelopes of SSTO aerospace planes with supersonic combustion, CFD will be necessary to determine dynamics performance and specifications.

  13. Credibility judgments in web page design - a brief review.

    PubMed

    Selejan, O; Muresanu, D F; Popa, L; Muresanu-Oloeriu, I; Iudean, D; Buzoianu, A; Suciu, S

    2016-01-01

    Today, more than ever, knowledge that interfaces appearance analysis is a crucial point in human-computer interaction field has been accepted. As nowadays virtually anyone can publish information on the web, the credibility role has grown increasingly important in relation to the web-based content. Areas like trust, credibility, and behavior, doubled by overall impression and user expectation are today in the spotlight of research compared to the last period, when other pragmatic areas such as usability and utility were considered. Credibility has been discussed as a theoretical construct in the field of communication in the past decades and revealed that people tend to evaluate the credibility of communication primarily by the communicator's expertise. Other factors involved in the content communication process are trustworthiness and dynamism as well as various other criteria but to a lower extent. In this brief review, factors like web page aesthetics, browsing experiences and user experience are considered. PMID:27453738

  14. Is the Credibility Principle a Model for Changing Science Attitudes?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Ralph E., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    Examined the effects different communicators (science methods instructors, supervisors, graduate assistants, and others) had on the attitudes of 25 elementary education majors toward science and science teaching, focusing on which communicators were perceived as being the most credible. (DH)

  15. Credibility judgments in web page design – a brief review

    PubMed Central

    Selejan, O; Muresanu, DF; Popa, L; Muresanu-Oloeriu, I; Iudean, D; Buzoianu, A; Suciu, S

    2016-01-01

    Today, more than ever, knowledge that interfaces appearance analysis is a crucial point in human-computer interaction field has been accepted. As nowadays virtually anyone can publish information on the web, the credibility role has grown increasingly important in relation to the web-based content. Areas like trust, credibility, and behavior, doubled by overall impression and user expectation are today in the spotlight of research compared to the last period, when other pragmatic areas such as usability and utility were considered. Credibility has been discussed as a theoretical construct in the field of communication in the past decades and revealed that people tend to evaluate the credibility of communication primarily by the communicator’s expertise. Other factors involved in the content communication process are trustworthiness and dynamism as well as various other criteria but to a lower extent. In this brief review, factors like web page aesthetics, browsing experiences and user experience are considered. PMID:27453738

  16. Establishing Credibility in the Multicultural Classroom: When the Instructor Speaks with an Accent

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLean, Chikako Akamatsu

    2007-01-01

    Applying theories of cultural dimensions, teacher credibility, and nonverbal immediacy, this chapter explores classroom management techniques used by Asian female teachers to establish credibility. (Contains 1 note.)

  17. The Challenges of Credible Thermal Protection System Reliability Quantification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Green, Lawrence L.

    2013-01-01

    The paper discusses several of the challenges associated with developing a credible reliability estimate for a human-rated crew capsule thermal protection system. The process of developing such a credible estimate is subject to the quantification, modeling and propagation of numerous uncertainties within a probabilistic analysis. The development of specific investment recommendations, to improve the reliability prediction, among various potential testing and programmatic options is then accomplished through Bayesian analysis.

  18. The aerospace plane design challenge: Credible computational fluid dynamics results

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mehta, Unmeel B.

    1990-01-01

    Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is necessary in the design processes of all current aerospace plane programs. Single-stage-to-orbit (STTO) aerospace planes with air-breathing supersonic combustion are going to be largely designed by means of CFD. The challenge of the aerospace plane design is to provide credible CFD results to work from, to assess the risk associated with the use of those results, and to certify CFD codes that produce credible results. To establish the credibility of CFD results used in design, the following topics are discussed: CFD validation vis-a-vis measurable fluid dynamics (MFD) validation; responsibility for credibility; credibility requirement; and a guide for establishing credibility. Quantification of CFD uncertainties helps to assess success risk and safety risks, and the development of CFD as a design tool requires code certification. This challenge is managed by designing the designers to use CFD effectively, by ensuring quality control, and by balancing the design process. For designing the designers, the following topics are discussed: how CFD design technology is developed; the reasons Japanese companies, by and large, produce goods of higher quality than the U.S. counterparts; teamwork as a new way of doing business; and how ideas, quality, and teaming can be brought together. Quality control for reducing the loss imparted to the society begins with the quality of the CFD results used in the design process, and balancing the design process means using a judicious balance of CFD and MFD.

  19. 29 CFR 98.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Debarring official. 98.935 Section 98.935 Labor Office of... Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An official designated by the agency head. (b)...

  20. 29 CFR 98.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Debarring official. 98.935 Section 98.935 Labor Office of... Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An official designated by the agency head. (b)...

  1. 7 CFR 3017.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Debarring official. 3017.935 Section 3017.935... Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An official designated by the agency head. (b)...

  2. 29 CFR 98.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Debarring official. 98.935 Section 98.935 Labor Office of... Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An official designated by the agency head. (b)...

  3. 29 CFR 98.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Debarring official. 98.935 Section 98.935 Labor Office of... Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An official designated by the agency head. (b)...

  4. 2 CFR 180.930 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Debarring official. 180.930 Section 180.930... Debarring official. Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (a) The agency head; or (b) An official designated by the agency head....

  5. 2 CFR 180.930 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Debarring official. 180.930 Section 180.930... § 180.930 Debarring official. Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (a) The agency head; or (b) An official designated by the...

  6. 2 CFR 180.930 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Debarring official. 180.930 Section 180.930... Debarring official. Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (a) The agency head; or (b) An official designated by the agency head....

  7. 29 CFR 98.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Debarring official. 98.935 Section 98.935 Labor Office of... Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An official designated by the agency head. (b)...

  8. Organizational Communication in Emergencies: Using Multiple Channels and Sources to Combat Noise and Capture Attention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephens, Keri K.; Barrett, Ashley K.; Mahometa, Michael J.

    2013-01-01

    This study relies on information theory, social presence, and source credibility to uncover what best helps people grasp the urgency of an emergency. We surveyed a random sample of 1,318 organizational members who received multiple notifications about a large-scale emergency. We found that people who received 3 redundant messages coming through at…

  9. Enhancing the quality and credibility of qualitative analysis.

    PubMed Central

    Patton, M Q

    1999-01-01

    Varying philosophical and theoretical orientations to qualitative inquiry remind us that issues of quality and credibility intersect with audience and intended research purposes. This overview examines ways of enhancing the quality and credibility of qualitative analysis by dealing with three distinct but related inquiry concerns: rigorous techniques and methods for gathering and analyzing qualitative data, including attention to validity, reliability, and triangulation; the credibility, competence, and perceived trustworthiness of the qualitative researcher; and the philosophical beliefs of evaluation users about such paradigm-based preferences as objectivity versus subjectivity, truth versus perspective, and generalizations versus extrapolations. Although this overview examines some general approaches to issues of credibility and data quality in qualitative analysis, it is important to acknowledge that particular philosophical underpinnings, specific paradigms, and special purposes for qualitative inquiry will typically include additional or substitute criteria for assuring and judging quality, validity, and credibility. Moreover, the context for these considerations has evolved. In early literature on evaluation methods the debate between qualitative and quantitative methodologists was often strident. In recent years the debate has softened. A consensus has gradually emerged that the important challenge is to match appropriately the methods to empirical questions and issues, and not to universally advocate any single methodological approach for all problems. PMID:10591279

  10. Enhancing the quality and credibility of qualitative analysis.

    PubMed

    Patton, M Q

    1999-12-01

    Varying philosophical and theoretical orientations to qualitative inquiry remind us that issues of quality and credibility intersect with audience and intended research purposes. This overview examines ways of enhancing the quality and credibility of qualitative analysis by dealing with three distinct but related inquiry concerns: rigorous techniques and methods for gathering and analyzing qualitative data, including attention to validity, reliability, and triangulation; the credibility, competence, and perceived trustworthiness of the qualitative researcher; and the philosophical beliefs of evaluation users about such paradigm-based preferences as objectivity versus subjectivity, truth versus perspective, and generalizations versus extrapolations. Although this overview examines some general approaches to issues of credibility and data quality in qualitative analysis, it is important to acknowledge that particular philosophical underpinnings, specific paradigms, and special purposes for qualitative inquiry will typically include additional or substitute criteria for assuring and judging quality, validity, and credibility. Moreover, the context for these considerations has evolved. In early literature on evaluation methods the debate between qualitative and quantitative methodologists was often strident. In recent years the debate has softened. A consensus has gradually emerged that the important challenge is to match appropriately the methods to empirical questions and issues, and not to universally advocate any single methodological approach for all problems. PMID:10591279

  11. NAGWS Volleyball Guide 1990: Official Rules & Interpretations/Officiating.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, Reston, VA. National Association for Girls and Women in Sport.

    This guide presents the 1990 update of the National Association for Girls & Women in Sport (NAGWS) interscholastic and collegiate volleyball rules. It includes the official U.S. volleyball rules and a summary of rule changes, definitions of skills and fouls, and a summary of penalties. Officiating techniques and mechanics are covered with a…

  12. Expected-Credibility-Based Job Scheduling for Reliable Volunteer Computing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Watanabe, Kan; Fukushi, Masaru; Horiguchi, Susumu

    This paper presents a proposal of an expected-credibility-based job scheduling method for volunteer computing (VC) systems with malicious participants who return erroneous results. Credibility-based voting is a promising approach to guaranteeing the computational correctness of VC systems. However, it relies on a simple round-robin job scheduling method that does not consider the jobs' order of execution, thereby resulting in numerous unnecessary job allocations and performance degradation of VC systems. To improve the performance of VC systems, the proposed job scheduling method selects a job to be executed prior to others dynamically based on two novel metrics: expected credibility and the expected number of results for each job. Simulation of VCs shows that the proposed method can improve the VC system performance up to 11%; It always outperforms the original round-robin method irrespective of the value of unknown parameters such as population and behavior of saboteurs.

  13. International Exchange of Official Publications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metz, Johannes

    International exchange agreements potentially serve to facilitate the free access to official materials from abroad, similar to depository programs for national official publications collections and with corresponding issues of collecting and archiving electronic publications. In this connection, it is necessary to distinguish between exchange…

  14. Approaches to Teaching Organizational Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Applebaum, Ronald L.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses fundamental problems in selecting an approach to organizational communications; the purpose of an organizational communication course; the structure and content of organizational communication coursework; and teaching strategies used in the basic course in organizational communication. (RS)

  15. Patterns of Organizational Conflict

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corwin, Ronald G.

    1969-01-01

    Patterns of relationships were identified between indices of organizational conflict and several measures of each of five organizational variables. The measures were adapted from 1500 questionnaires and 600 interviews in 28 public high schools. (Author)

  16. Dimensionality of Organizational Trust

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Samuel H.; Wiswell, Albert K.

    2007-01-01

    Trust facilitates individual and organizational learning, and is often misunderstood by organizations although they must continuously learn in order to attain organizational goals and survive. Leaders of organizations often view trust defensively and their reactions may impede organizational learning This paper builds on prior research concerning…

  17. Emerging Organizational Structures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carchidi, Daniel M.; Peterson, Marvin W.

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of emerging higher educational organizational structures focuses on the increasing importance of distance education. Considers the emerging organizational landscape, three types of network organizations, six organization archetypes, organizational forms that support distance education, and implications for higher education planners. (DB)

  18. The Organizational Learning Audit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pace, R. Wayne

    2002-01-01

    Notes that organizational communication and organizational learning share a common focus on how message processing occurs in institutional settings and how they affect and are affected by people and relationships. Proposes that the assessment of organizational learning represents an assessment of a subset of communication processes in an…

  19. Credibility and Competence: Key Characteristics of Development Communicators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrnes, Francis C.

    Agricultural extension systems in the developing countries have, with few exceptions, failed to increase agricultural productivity adequately. Many of the change agent failures can be traced to their lack of credibility. They are not trusted or respected because farmers have learned that many are not technically competent. Good agricultural…

  20. Factors Which Predict the Credibility Ascribed to Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leifer, Aimee D.

    In an effort to identify critical evaluation skills, interview information is analyzed looking at four types of differences: differences between age groups, differences between children who did and did not change their attitudes after viewing an entertainment program, differences among those who ascribed varying degrees of credibility to…

  1. The Generalizability of Source Credibility Scales for Public Figures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCroskey, James C.; And Others

    This study reports a portion of a series of investigations designed to determine to what extent credibility scales can be generalized. The investigation data was collected in six phases, representing six subject populations. All of the subjects were either college students or non-student adults. Subjects were asked to respond to one of four…

  2. Student Perceptions of Faculty Credibility Based on Email Addresses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Livermore, Jeffrey A.; Scafe, Marla G.; Wiechowski, Linda S.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate students' perceptions of faculty credibility based on email addresses. The survey was conducted at an upper division business school in Michigan where all students have completed at least two years of college courses. The survey results show that a faculty member's selection of an email address does…

  3. Faculty Perceptions of Student Credibility Based on Email Addresses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Livermore, Jeffrey A.; Wiechowski, Linda S.; Scafe, Marla G.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate faculty perceptions of student credibility based on email addresses. The survey was conducted at an upper division business school in Michigan where all students have completed at least two years of college courses. The survey results show that a student's selection of an email address does influence the…

  4. Children's Courtroom Narratives: Competence, Credibility, and the Communicative Contract.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Lynn S.; Lindstedt, D. Elise

    1995-01-01

    Issues affecting the perceived competence and credibility of children's courtroom narratives are considered, with attention to the communicative contract and common communicative assumptions such as sincerity. The effects of children's development of comprehension monitoring skills and a theory of mind on their ability to give competent eyewitness…

  5. Student Perceptions of Peer Credibility Based on Email Addresses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Livermore, Jeffrey A.; Scafe, Marla G.; Wiechowski, Linda S.; Maier, David J.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate students' perceptions of their peer's credibility based on email addresses. The survey was conducted at a community college in Michigan where all students were registered and actively taking at least one course. The survey results show that a student's selection of an email address does influence other…

  6. Effects of Ethnic, Sex, and Attitude Similarity on Counselor Credibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atkinson, Donald R.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Examined influences on perceptions of counselor credibility in 127 Mexican American community college students who responded to written and tape recorded counselor information, and completed the Counselor Effectiveness Rating Scale. Results showed attitude similarity rather than ethnicity influenced students' perceptions. (JAC)

  7. Perceptions of credibility of sexual abuse victims across generations.

    PubMed

    Klettke, Bianca; Hallford, David; Mellor, David

    2016-01-01

    The success of prosecutions of perpetrators of sexual abuse often depends substantially upon the perceived credibility of the victim witness. However, perceptions of credibility may vary by generation of the observer, and the constitution of juries may therefore lead to bias. In this study we examined whether perceptions of credibility of female victims of sexual abuse varied across generation Y, generation X, "baby boomers", and "builders". One hundred and twenty-eight jury-eligible members of the community from each generation (N=512) responded to ten questions assessing the perceived believability, competence, trustworthiness, demeanour and sexual naiveté of females providing testimony related to alleged sexual abuse. Although consistent between-generation differences were not found for all questions, or all four groups of generational cohorts, in instances where significant differences were found, it was consistently the older generation groups (builders and baby boomers) that attributed less credibility to the victim than the younger generation groups (generation Y and generation X). The implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:26439120

  8. 8 CFR 1003.42 - Review of credible fear determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... protection under the laws of that country. See 8 CFR 208.30(e)(6). However, in any case where an asylum... withholding under section 241(b)(3) of the Act or withholding under the Convention Against Torture. (e) Timing... credible fear of persecution or torture, the immigration judge shall vacate the order entered pursuant...

  9. 8 CFR 1003.42 - Review of credible fear determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... protection under the laws of that country. See 8 CFR 208.30(e)(6). However, in any case where an asylum... withholding under section 241(b)(3) of the Act or withholding under the Convention Against Torture. (e) Timing... credible fear of persecution or torture, the immigration judge shall vacate the order entered pursuant...

  10. 8 CFR 1003.42 - Review of credible fear determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... protection under the laws of that country. See 8 CFR 208.30(e)(6). However, in any case where an asylum... withholding under section 241(b)(3) of the Act or withholding under the Convention Against Torture. (e) Timing... credible fear of persecution or torture, the immigration judge shall vacate the order entered pursuant...

  11. 8 CFR 1003.42 - Review of credible fear determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... protection under the laws of that country. See 8 CFR 208.30(e)(6). However, in any case where an asylum... withholding under section 241(b)(3) of the Act or withholding under the Convention Against Torture. (e) Timing... credible fear of persecution or torture, the immigration judge shall vacate the order entered pursuant...

  12. 8 CFR 1003.42 - Review of credible fear determination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... protection under the laws of that country. See 8 CFR 208.30(e)(6). However, in any case where an asylum... withholding under section 241(b)(3) of the Act or withholding under the Convention Against Torture. (e) Timing... credible fear of persecution or torture, the immigration judge shall vacate the order entered pursuant...

  13. In Search of Credibility: Pupils' Information Practices in Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sundin, Olof; Francke, Helena

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: We aim to create an in-depth understanding of how pupils in upper secondary school negotiate the credibility and authority of information as part of their practices of learning. Particular focus is on the use of user-created resources, such as "Wikipedia", where authorship is collective and/or hard to determine. Method: An…

  14. Simulating Terrorism: Credible Commitment, Costly Signaling, and Strategic Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegel, David A.; Young, Joseph K.

    2009-01-01

    We present two simulations designed to convey the strategic nature of terrorism and counterterrorism. The first is a simulated hostage crisis, designed primarily to illustrate the concepts of credible commitment and costly signaling. The second explores high-level decision making of both a terrorist group and the state, and is designed to…

  15. Testing Public Anxiety Treatments against a Credible Placebo Control

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duff, Desiree C.; Levine, Timothy R.; Beatty, Michael J.; Woolbright, Jessica; Park, Hee Sun

    2007-01-01

    Research investigating public speaking anxiety treatments is subject to demand effects. This study tests the relative effectiveness of systematic desensitization (SD) and multiple treatment method (MT) containing visualization therapy against no-treatment and credible placebo controls. Data (N = 238) were collected at six points in a public…

  16. 22 CFR 208.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Debarring official. 208.935 Section 208.935... (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 208.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  17. 22 CFR 1006.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Debarring official. 1006.935 Section 1006.935...) Definitions § 1006.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  18. 22 CFR 1006.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Debarring official. 1006.935 Section 1006.935...) Definitions § 1006.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  19. 31 CFR 19.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Debarring official. 19.935 Section 19... SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 19.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or...

  20. 42 CFR 93.206 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Debarring official. 93.206 Section 93.206 Public... MISCONDUCT Definitions § 93.206 Debarring official. Debarring official means an official authorized to impose debarment or suspension. The HHS debarring official is either— (a) The Secretary; or (b) An...

  1. 21 CFR 1404.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Debarring official. 1404.935 Section 1404.935 Food... (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1404.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  2. 22 CFR 208.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Debarring official. 208.935 Section 208.935... (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 208.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  3. 42 CFR 93.206 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Debarring official. 93.206 Section 93.206 Public... MISCONDUCT Definitions § 93.206 Debarring official. Debarring official means an official authorized to impose debarment or suspension. The HHS debarring official is either— (a) The Secretary; or (b) An...

  4. 2 CFR 180.930 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Debarring official. 180.930 Section 180.930... GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 180.930 Debarring official. Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either—...

  5. 21 CFR 1404.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Debarring official. 1404.935 Section 1404.935 Food... (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1404.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  6. 29 CFR 1471.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Debarring official. 1471.935 Section 1471.935 Labor... AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1471.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1)...

  7. 22 CFR 1508.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Debarring official. 1508.935 Section 1508.935...) Definitions § 1508.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  8. 21 CFR 1404.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Debarring official. 1404.935 Section 1404.935 Food... (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1404.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  9. 31 CFR 19.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Debarring official. 19.935 Section 19... SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 19.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or...

  10. 21 CFR 1404.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Debarring official. 1404.935 Section 1404.935 Food... (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1404.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  11. 22 CFR 1006.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true Debarring official. 1006.935 Section 1006.935...) Definitions § 1006.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  12. 42 CFR 93.206 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Debarring official. 93.206 Section 93.206 Public... MISCONDUCT Definitions § 93.206 Debarring official. Debarring official means an official authorized to impose debarment or suspension. The HHS debarring official is either— (a) The Secretary; or (b) An...

  13. 31 CFR 19.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Debarring official. 19.935 Section 19... SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 19.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or...

  14. 29 CFR 1471.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Debarring official. 1471.935 Section 1471.935 Labor... AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1471.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1)...

  15. 29 CFR 1471.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Debarring official. 1471.935 Section 1471.935 Labor... AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1471.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1)...

  16. 29 CFR 1471.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Debarring official. 1471.935 Section 1471.935 Labor... AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1471.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1)...

  17. 21 CFR 1404.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Debarring official. 1404.935 Section 1404.935 Food... (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1404.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  18. 2 CFR 180.930 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Debarring official. 180.930 Section 180.930... ON GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 180.930 Debarring official. Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official...

  19. 22 CFR 1006.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true Debarring official. 1006.935 Section 1006.935...) Definitions § 1006.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  20. 22 CFR 1508.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Debarring official. 1508.935 Section 1508.935...) Definitions § 1508.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  1. 31 CFR 19.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Debarring official. 19.935 Section 19... SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 19.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or...

  2. 31 CFR 19.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Debarring official. 19.935 Section 19... SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 19.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or...

  3. 22 CFR 1006.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Debarring official. 1006.935 Section 1006.935...) Definitions § 1006.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  4. 22 CFR 1508.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true Debarring official. 1508.935 Section 1508.935...) Definitions § 1508.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  5. 29 CFR 1471.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Debarring official. 1471.935 Section 1471.935 Labor... AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1471.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1)...

  6. 22 CFR 1508.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true Debarring official. 1508.935 Section 1508.935...) Definitions § 1508.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  7. 22 CFR 1508.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Debarring official. 1508.935 Section 1508.935...) Definitions § 1508.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A debarring official is either— (1) The agency head; or (2) An...

  8. 42 CFR 93.206 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Debarring official. 93.206 Section 93.206 Public... MISCONDUCT Definitions § 93.206 Debarring official. Debarring official means an official authorized to impose debarment or suspension. The HHS debarring official is either— (a) The Secretary; or (b) An...

  9. 42 CFR 93.206 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... EFFECTS STUDIES OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES RELEASES AND FACILITIES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON RESEARCH MISCONDUCT Definitions § 93.206 Debarring official. Debarring official means an official authorized to...

  10. Official Flag Raising at MTO

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1962-01-01

    Government officials officially raise the American flag for the first time in front of the Rouchon House in 1962 at the Mississippi Test Operations, denoting NASA's presence in South Mississippi. Pictured, from left, are: Bart Slattery, public affairs officer; Dr. Wernher von Braun, director; Capt. William Fortune, first site manager; Dr. George Constan, manager, Michoud Assembly Facility; Dr. Oswald Lange, chief, Saturn Program Office; Dr. Hermann Weidener, chief, Structures and Mechanics Laboratory; Dr. Karl Heimburg, director, Test Laboratory; and Dan Driscoll, Test Laboratory.

  11. 49 CFR 40.371 - On what information does an initiating official rely in deciding whether to start a PIE proceeding?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... rely in deciding whether to start a PIE proceeding? 40.371 Section 40.371 Transportation Office of the... start a PIE proceeding? (a) An initiating official may rely on credible information from any source as the basis for starting a PIE proceeding. (b) Before sending a correction notice (see § 40.373),...

  12. Predicting Organizational Commitment from Organizational Culture in Turkish Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ipek, Cemalettin

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to describe organizational culture and commitment and to predict organizational commitment from organizational culture in Turkish primary schools. Organizational Culture Scale (Ipek "1999") and Organizational Commitment Scale (Balay "2000") were used in the data gathering process. The data were collected from 415 primary teachers…

  13. Investigation of the Relationship between Organizational Trust and Organizational Commitment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bastug, Gülsüm; Pala, Adem; Kumartasli, Mehmet; Günel, Ilker; Duyan, Mehdi

    2016-01-01

    Organizational trust and organizational commitment are considered as the most important entraining factors for organizational success. The most important factor in the formation of organizational commitment is trust that employees have in their organizations. In this study, the relationship between organizational trust and organizational…

  14. Enhancing Student Perceptions of Fairness: The Relationship between Instructor Credibility and Classroom Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chory, Rebecca M.

    2007-01-01

    The present study investigated the relationships between college students' perceptions of instructor credibility (competence, character, and caring) and their perceptions of classroom justice (distributive, procedural, and interactional justice). Results indicate that perceptions of instructor credibility positively predicted perceptions of…

  15. The credible forensic psychiatric evaluation in multiple chemical sensitivity litigation.

    PubMed

    Simon, R I

    1998-01-01

    The forensic psychiatrist must be able to perform a credible psychiatric evaluation and render a competent psychiatric opinion in hotly contested multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) litigation. Forensic psychiatrists are often requested to evaluate MCS claimants by third party payers, employers, lawyers, and government agencies regarding health care costs and disability payments, workers' compensation claims, unemployment benefits, workplace accommodation reimbursements for special housing and environmental needs, civil litigation, and other claims. The credible forensic psychiatric evaluation of MCS litigants is described using the multiaxial diagnostic system of DSM-IV. Forensic psychiatrists must avoid becoming polarized by the current MCS controversy. The ethical requirements of honesty and striving for objectivity can be met by keeping separate the roles of therapist and expert, staying abreast of the scientific literature regarding MCS, and understanding the role of the psychiatric expert in MCS litigation. PMID:9785280

  16. The Source and Credibility of Colorectal Cancer Information on Twitter.

    PubMed

    Park, SoHyun; Oh, Heung-Kwon; Park, Gibeom; Suh, Bongwon; Bae, Woo Kyung; Kim, Jin Won; Yoon, Hyuk; Kim, Duck-Woo; Kang, Sung-Bum

    2016-02-01

    Despite the rapid penetration of social media in modern life, there has been limited research conducted on whether social media serves as a credible source of health information. In this study, we propose to identify colorectal cancer information on Twitter and assess its informational credibility. We collected Twitter messages containing colorectal cancer-related keywords, over a 3-month period. A review of sample tweets yielded content and user categorization schemes. The results of the sample analysis were applied to classify all collected tweets and users, using a machine learning technique. The credibility of the information in the sampled tweets was evaluated. A total of 76,119 tweets were analyzed. Individual users authored the majority of tweets (n = 68,982, 90.6%). They mostly tweeted about news articles/research (n = 16,761, 22.0%) and risk/prevention (n = 14,767, 19.4%). Medical professional users generated only 2.0% of total tweets (n = 1509), and medical institutions rarely tweeted (n = 417, 0.6%). Organizations tended to tweet more about information than did individuals (85.2% vs 63.1%; P < 0.001). Credibility analysis of medically relevant sample tweets revealed that most were medically correct (n = 1763, 84.5%). Among those, more frequently retweeted tweets contained more medically correct information than randomly selected tweets (90.7% vs 83.2%; P < 0.01). Our results demonstrate an interest in and an engagement with colorectal cancer information from a large number and variety of users. Coupled with the Internet's potential to increase social support, Twitter may contribute to enhancing public health and empowering users, when used with proper caution. PMID:26886625

  17. The Source and Credibility of Colorectal Cancer Information on Twitter

    PubMed Central

    Park, SoHyun; Oh, Heung-Kwon; Park, Gibeom; Suh, Bongwon; Bae, Woo Kyung; Kim, Jin Won; Yoon, Hyuk; Kim, Duck-Woo; Kang, Sung-Bum

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Despite the rapid penetration of social media in modern life, there has been limited research conducted on whether social media serves as a credible source of health information. In this study, we propose to identify colorectal cancer information on Twitter and assess its informational credibility. We collected Twitter messages containing colorectal cancer-related keywords, over a 3-month period. A review of sample tweets yielded content and user categorization schemes. The results of the sample analysis were applied to classify all collected tweets and users, using a machine learning technique. The credibility of the information in the sampled tweets was evaluated. A total of 76,119 tweets were analyzed. Individual users authored the majority of tweets (n = 68,982, 90.6%). They mostly tweeted about news articles/research (n = 16,761, 22.0%) and risk/prevention (n = 14,767, 19.4%). Medical professional users generated only 2.0% of total tweets (n = 1509), and medical institutions rarely tweeted (n = 417, 0.6%). Organizations tended to tweet more about information than did individuals (85.2% vs 63.1%; P < 0.001). Credibility analysis of medically relevant sample tweets revealed that most were medically correct (n = 1763, 84.5%). Among those, more frequently retweeted tweets contained more medically correct information than randomly selected tweets (90.7% vs 83.2%; P < 0.01). Our results demonstrate an interest in and an engagement with colorectal cancer information from a large number and variety of users. Coupled with the Internet's potential to increase social support, Twitter may contribute to enhancing public health and empowering users, when used with proper caution. PMID:26886625

  18. A Factor Analytic Study of the Credibility of Newspaper and TV News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Seong Hyong

    This study explores the dimensions of credibility in newspaper and television news and compares the dimensions of media credibility with those of interpersonal source credibility. Subjects, 401 Kent State University undergraduates, were given a 12-page questionnaire designed to assess attitudes toward the following: newspaper national and…

  19. An analysis of possible applications of fuzzy set theory to the actuarial credibility theory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ostaszewski, Krzysztof; Karwowski, Waldemar

    1992-01-01

    In this work, we review the basic concepts of actuarial credibility theory from the point of view of introducing applications of the fuzzy set-theoretic method. We show how the concept of actuarial credibility can be modeled through the fuzzy set membership functions and how fuzzy set methods, especially fuzzy pattern recognition, can provide an alternative tool for estimating credibility.

  20. 7 CFR 62.207 - Official assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Official assessment. 62.207 Section 62.207 Agriculture... Definitions Service § 62.207 Official assessment. Official assessment of an applicant's program shall include: (a) Documentation assessment. Auditors and other USDA officials shall review the applicant's...

  1. 7 CFR 62.207 - Official assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Official assessment. 62.207 Section 62.207 Agriculture... Definitions Service § 62.207 Official assessment. Official assessment of an applicant's program shall include: (a) Documentation assessment. Auditors and other USDA officials shall review the applicant's...

  2. 22 CFR 41.27 - Official visas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Official visas. 41.27 Section 41.27 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS VISAS: DOCUMENTATION OF NONIMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Foreign Government Officials § 41.27 Official visas. (a) Definition. Official...

  3. 22 CFR 41.27 - Official visas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Official visas. 41.27 Section 41.27 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS VISAS: DOCUMENTATION OF NONIMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Foreign Government Officials § 41.27 Official visas. (a) Definition. Official...

  4. 22 CFR 41.27 - Official visas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Official visas. 41.27 Section 41.27 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS VISAS: DOCUMENTATION OF NONIMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Foreign Government Officials § 41.27 Official visas. (a) Definition. Official...

  5. 22 CFR 41.27 - Official visas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Official visas. 41.27 Section 41.27 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS VISAS: DOCUMENTATION OF NONIMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Foreign Government Officials § 41.27 Official visas. (a) Definition. Official...

  6. 43 CFR 20.201 - Ethics officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Department Ethics Program § 20.201 Ethics officials. (a) Designated Agency Ethics Official refers to the official designated under 5 CFR 2638.201 to coordinate and manage the Department's ethics program. (b) The... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Ethics officials. 20.201 Section...

  7. 43 CFR 20.201 - Ethics officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Department Ethics Program § 20.201 Ethics officials. (a) Designated Agency Ethics Official refers to the official designated under 5 CFR 2638.201 to coordinate and manage the Department's ethics program. (b) The... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ethics officials. 20.201 Section...

  8. 43 CFR 20.201 - Ethics officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Department Ethics Program § 20.201 Ethics officials. (a) Designated Agency Ethics Official refers to the official designated under 5 CFR 2638.201 to coordinate and manage the Department's ethics program. (b) The... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Ethics officials. 20.201 Section...

  9. 43 CFR 20.201 - Ethics officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Department Ethics Program § 20.201 Ethics officials. (a) Designated Agency Ethics Official refers to the official designated under 5 CFR 2638.201 to coordinate and manage the Department's ethics program. (b) The... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Ethics officials. 20.201 Section...

  10. 43 CFR 20.201 - Ethics officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Department Ethics Program § 20.201 Ethics officials. (a) Designated Agency Ethics Official refers to the official designated under 5 CFR 2638.201 to coordinate and manage the Department's ethics program. (b) The... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Ethics officials. 20.201 Section...

  11. 30 CFR 1.1 - Official emblem.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Official emblem. 1.1 Section 1.1 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICIAL EMBLEM AND OMB CONTROL NUMBERS... OFFICIAL EMBLEM § 1.1 Official emblem. The following emblem is established and shall be used as...

  12. 30 CFR 1.1 - Official emblem.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Official emblem. 1.1 Section 1.1 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICIAL EMBLEM AND OMB CONTROL NUMBERS... OFFICIAL EMBLEM § 1.1 Official emblem. The following emblem is established and shall be used as...

  13. 30 CFR 1.1 - Official emblem.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Official emblem. 1.1 Section 1.1 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICIAL EMBLEM AND OMB CONTROL NUMBERS... OFFICIAL EMBLEM § 1.1 Official emblem. The following emblem is established and shall be used as...

  14. 30 CFR 1.1 - Official emblem.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Official emblem. 1.1 Section 1.1 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICIAL EMBLEM AND OMB CONTROL NUMBERS... OFFICIAL EMBLEM § 1.1 Official emblem. The following emblem is established and shall be used as...

  15. 30 CFR 1.1 - Official emblem.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Official emblem. 1.1 Section 1.1 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICIAL EMBLEM AND OMB CONTROL NUMBERS... OFFICIAL EMBLEM § 1.1 Official emblem. The following emblem is established and shall be used as...

  16. 5 CFR 919.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Debarring official. 919.935 Section 919... (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A...

  17. 34 CFR 85.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the agency head. (b) (Authority: E.O. 12549 (3 CFR, 1986 Comp., p. 189); E.O 12689 (3 CFR, 1989 Comp... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Debarring official. 85.935 Section 85.935 Education...) Definitions § 85.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized...

  18. 5 CFR 919.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Debarring official. 919.935 Section 919... (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A...

  19. 5 CFR 919.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Debarring official. 919.935 Section 919... (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A...

  20. 5 CFR 919.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Debarring official. 919.935 Section 919... (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A...

  1. 5 CFR 919.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Debarring official. 919.935 Section 919... (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment. A...

  2. Organizational Theory, Organizational Communication, Organizational Knowledge, and Problematic Integration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPhee, Robert D.; Zaug, Pamela

    2001-01-01

    Argues that three traditions of theory about organizational communication have special relevance to the ideas of problematic integration theory. Indicates the implications of theoretic currents and notes that the main implication is that problematic integration looks very different in the context of a complex communication system. (SG)

  3. The M-Bayesian Lower Credible Limits of the System Reliability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, Ming

    This article introduces a new method, named M-Bayesian credible limit method, to estimate systems reliability derived from binomial distribution, in the case of zero-failure data. Firstly, the definition of M-Bayesian lower credible limit is provided. Moreover, formulas of M-Bayesian lower credible limits are provided. Secondly, properties of M-Bayesian lower credible limits is discussed, we will see that the M-Bayesian lower credible limit method is superior to the corresponding classical lower confidence limit method. Finally, the new estimation method is applied to a numerical example. Through the example the efficiency and easiness of operation of this method are commended.

  4. Organizational Paradigm Shifts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of College and University Business Officers, Washington, DC.

    This collection of essays explores a new paradigm of higher education. The first essay, "Beyond Re-engineering: Changing the Organizational Paradigm" (L. Edwin Coate), suggests a model of quality process management and a structure for managing organizational change. "Thinking About Consortia" (Mary Jo Maydew) discusses cooperative effort and…

  5. Managing Organizational Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watwood, Britt; And Others

    Based on studies comparing leadership in two rural community colleges undergoing change and examining the management of change at Maryland's Allegany College, this paper presents a conceptual framework and model for managing organizational change. First, a framework for understanding the community college chair's role in organizational change is…

  6. Changing Organizational Forms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1997

    This document contains three papers from a symposium on changing organizational forms. "Goal Integration in a Multi-divisional Organization" (Richard J. Torraco, Mary Finnegan), reports on a study that examined how goals are integrated into organizational activities once they have been identified, proposes a model of goal integration, and develops…

  7. 9 CFR 325.5 - Unmarked inspected product transported under official seal between official establishments for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... under official seal between official establishments for further processing; certificate. 325.5 Section... CERTIFICATION TRANSPORTATION § 325.5 Unmarked inspected product transported under official seal between official... other means of conveyance which is sealed by a Program employee with an official seal of the...

  8. 9 CFR 325.5 - Unmarked inspected product transported under official seal between official establishments for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... under official seal between official establishments for further processing; certificate. 325.5 Section... CERTIFICATION TRANSPORTATION § 325.5 Unmarked inspected product transported under official seal between official... other means of conveyance which is sealed by a Program employee with an official seal of the...

  9. 9 CFR 325.5 - Unmarked inspected product transported under official seal between official establishments for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... under official seal between official establishments for further processing; certificate. 325.5 Section... CERTIFICATION TRANSPORTATION § 325.5 Unmarked inspected product transported under official seal between official... other means of conveyance which is sealed by a Program employee with an official seal of the...

  10. Chapter 2: Official Programmatic Descriptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roholt, Ross VeLure; Hildreth, R. W.; Baizerman, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Youth civic engagement is a diverse field of practice, with each initiative claiming it has a unique approach. This chapter describes three initiatives, Youth-in-Government, Youth Science Center, and Public Achievement from the point-of-view of program staff. Their view is often privileged; it is the one used for official communication and public…

  11. [Big data in official statistics].

    PubMed

    Zwick, Markus

    2015-08-01

    The concept of "big data" stands to change the face of official statistics over the coming years, having an impact on almost all aspects of data production. The tasks of future statisticians will not necessarily be to produce new data, but rather to identify and make use of existing data to adequately describe social and economic phenomena. Until big data can be used correctly in official statistics, a lot of questions need to be answered and problems solved: the quality of data, data protection, privacy, and the sustainable availability are some of the more pressing issues to be addressed. The essential skills of official statisticians will undoubtedly change, and this implies a number of challenges to be faced by statistical education systems, in universities, and inside the statistical offices. The national statistical offices of the European Union have concluded a concrete strategy for exploring the possibilities of big data for official statistics, by means of the Big Data Roadmap and Action Plan 1.0. This is an important first step and will have a significant influence on implementing the concept of big data inside the statistical offices of Germany. PMID:26077871

  12. 76 FR 54787 - Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram, Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official Outer...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-02

    ... Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram, Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official Outer Continental Shelf Block Diagrams AGENCY... revised North American Datum of 1927 (NAD 27) Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram,...

  13. 76 FR 2919 - Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram and Supplemental Official Outer Continental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-18

    ... Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram and Supplemental Official Outer Continental Shelf Block Diagrams AGENCY: Bureau of Ocean... American Datum of 1983 (NAD 83) Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram and...

  14. Organizational climate and culture.

    PubMed

    Schneider, Benjamin; Ehrhart, Mark G; Macey, William H

    2013-01-01

    Organizational climate and organizational culture theory and research are reviewed. The article is first framed with definitions of the constructs, and preliminary thoughts on their interrelationships are noted. Organizational climate is briefly defined as the meanings people attach to interrelated bundles of experiences they have at work. Organizational culture is briefly defined as the basic assumptions about the world and the values that guide life in organizations. A brief history of climate research is presented, followed by the major accomplishments in research on the topic with regard to levels issues, the foci of climate research, and studies of climate strength. A brief overview of the more recent study of organizational culture is then introduced, followed by samples of important thinking and research on the roles of leadership and national culture in understanding organizational culture and performance and culture as a moderator variable in research in organizational behavior. The final section of the article proposes an integration of climate and culture thinking and research and concludes with practical implications for the management of effective contemporary organizations. Throughout, recommendations are made for additional thinking and research. PMID:22856467

  15. Judicial Assessment of the Credibility of Child Witnesses

    PubMed Central

    Bala, Nicholas; Ramakrishnan, Karuna; Lindsay, Roderick; Lee, Kang

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on the results of two research studies carried out by the authors that address the questions of how and how well judges assess the honesty and reliability of children’s testimony. One study tested the accuracy of judges and other professionals in assessing the honesty of children giving mock testimony. Judges performed at only slightly above chance levels, though the performance of judges was comparable to other justice system professionals, and significantly better than the performance of law students. The second study, a survey of Canadian judges about their perceptions of child witnesses, reveals that judges believe that compared to adults, children are generally more likely when testifying to make errors due to limitations of their memory or communication skills and due to the effects of suggestive questions. However, children are perceived to generally be more honest than adult witnesses. The survey also revealed that judges believe that children are often asked developmentally inappropriate questions in court, especially by defence counsel. There were no gender differences among the judges in either study. To put this research in context, the article first discusses the inherent challenges in assessing the credibility of witnesses and provides a review of the psychological literature and leading Canadian jurisprudence on the credibility and evidence of children. PMID:26566290

  16. Attorney beliefs concerning scientific evidence and expert witness credibility.

    PubMed

    Wechsler, Hayley J; Kehn, Andre; Wise, Richard A; Cramer, Robert J

    2015-01-01

    Expert witnesses play a pivotal role in offering a variety of scientific evidence at trial. Although judges are the ultimate gatekeepers of what constitutes valid scientific evidence, attorneys play an important part in determining what evidence is presented to the court. Employing experimental and descriptive analyses, the present study sought to address gaps in the attorney/expert witness literature by addressing three questions: One) To what extent do attorneys prefer forensic or social scientific evidence and experts?, Two) How knowledgeable are attorneys concerning empirically-supported indicators of expert credibility?, Three) What do attorneys believe concerning the frequency and nature of expert errors in their own trials relative to others? Results showed that attorneys prefer forensic science evidence and experts compared to social/psychological counterparts. Moreover, attorneys displayed considerable knowledge of factors that will impact perceived expert credibility. In particular, attorneys value perceived expert trustworthiness, communication skills, content of testimony/reports, perceived expert knowledge, and years and type of expert experience. Finally, attorneys displayed a consistent and strong self-serving bias pattern, such that they believe expert errors occur more much frequently in other attorneys' cases compared to their own. Implications are discussed with respect to vetting expert witnesses, scientific evidence/errors and wrongful conviction, and training for attorneys. PMID:25869850

  17. Location of Maximum Credible Beam Losses in LCLS Injector

    SciTech Connect

    Mao, Stan

    2010-12-13

    The memo describes the maximum credible beam the LCLS injector can produce and lose at various locations along the beamline. The estimation procedure is based upon three previous reports [1, 2, 3]. While specific numbers have been updated to accurately reflect the present design parameters, the conclusions are very similar to those given in Ref 1. The source of the maximum credible beam results from the explosive electron emission from the photocathode if the drive laser intensity exceeds the threshold for plasma production. In this event, the gun's RF field can extract a large number of electrons from this plasma which are accelerated out of the gun and into the beamline. This electron emission persists until it has depleted the gun of all its energy. Hence the number of electrons emitted per pulse is limited by the amount of stored RF energy in the gun. It needs to be emphasized that this type of emission is highly undesirable, as it causes permanent damage to the cathode.

  18. Senior University Officials' Approaches to Global Engagement: A Case Study of a Private and a Public Research University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Shirley

    2013-01-01

    The phenomenon of globalization has a significant impact on higher education, but the lack of a clear roadmap for how senior university officials should create and implement global engagement strategies and for how these approaches support (or impede) an organizational culture that fosters globalization remains a gap in knowledge in higher…

  19. 7 CFR 62.207 - Official assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES (QUALITY SYSTEMS VERIFICATION PROGRAMS) Quality Systems Verification Programs Definitions Service § 62.207 Official assessment. Official assessment of an applicant's program shall...

  20. 7 CFR 58.646 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Products Bearing Usda Official Identification § 58.646 Official identification. (a) Only ice cream and.... grades established (nonfat dry milk, whole milk, buttermilk and whey) shall be U.S. Extra Grade or...

  1. 7 CFR 58.646 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Products Bearing Usda Official Identification § 58.646 Official identification. (a) Only ice cream and.... grades established (nonfat dry milk, whole milk, buttermilk and whey) shall be U.S. Extra Grade or...

  2. 7 CFR 58.646 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Products Bearing Usda Official Identification § 58.646 Official identification. (a) Only ice cream and.... grades established (nonfat dry milk, whole milk, buttermilk and whey) shall be U.S. Extra Grade or...

  3. 7 CFR 58.646 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Products Bearing Usda Official Identification § 58.646 Official identification. (a) Only ice cream and.... grades established (nonfat dry milk, whole milk, buttermilk and whey) shall be U.S. Extra Grade or...

  4. 7 CFR 58.646 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Products Bearing Usda Official Identification § 58.646 Official identification. (a) Only ice cream and.... grades established (nonfat dry milk, whole milk, buttermilk and whey) shall be U.S. Extra Grade or...

  5. Grassroots Organizational Battles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silver, Michael

    1976-01-01

    The author presents these three ground rules for engaging in organizational conflict: (1) take the offensive; (2) take the cue for the second move from the opponent's defensive response; and (3) know when to execute a "strategic retreat." (HMV)

  6. Varieties of Organizational Conflict

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pondy, Louis R.

    1969-01-01

    The viewpoints and findings of the seven empirical studies of organizational conflict contained in this issue are compared and contrasted. A distinction is made between conflict within a stable organization structure and conflict aimed at changing the organization structure. (Author)

  7. 12 CFR 328.1 - Official sign.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Official sign. 328.1 Section 328.1 Banks and... OF MEMBERSHIP § 328.1 Official sign. (a) The official sign referred to in this part shall be 7″ by 3... “symbol” of the Corporation, as used in this part, shall be that portion of the official sign...

  8. 12 CFR 328.1 - Official sign.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Official sign. 328.1 Section 328.1 Banks and... OF MEMBERSHIP § 328.1 Official sign. (a) The official sign referred to in this part shall be 7″ by 3... “symbol” of the Corporation, as used in this part, shall be that portion of the official sign...

  9. 12 CFR 328.1 - Official sign.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Official sign. 328.1 Section 328.1 Banks and... OF MEMBERSHIP § 328.1 Official sign. (a) The official sign referred to in this part shall be 7″ by 3... “symbol” of the Corporation, as used in this part, shall be that portion of the official sign...

  10. 12 CFR 328.1 - Official sign.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Official sign. 328.1 Section 328.1 Banks and... OF MEMBERSHIP § 328.1 Official sign. (a) The official sign referred to in this part shall be 7″ by 3... “symbol” of the Corporation, as used in this part, shall be that portion of the official sign...

  11. Evolving to organizational learning.

    PubMed

    Bechtold, B L

    2000-02-01

    To transform in stride with the business changes, organizations need to think of development as "organizational learning" rather than "training." Companies need to manage learning as a strategic competitive advantage for current and future business rather than as a perk for individuals. To position themselves for success in a dynamic business environment, companies need to reframe their concept of learning and development to a mindset of organizational learning. PMID:11184906

  12. 5 CFR 9701.523 - Official time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Official time. 9701.523 Section 9701.523... MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Labor-Management Relations § 9701.523 Official time. (a) Any employee representing an... authorized official time for such purposes, including attendance at impasse proceedings, during the time...

  13. 22 CFR 1429.13 - Official time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Official time. 1429.13 Section 1429.13 Foreign... REQUIREMENTS Miscellaneous § 1429.13 Official time. If the participation of any employee in any phase of any... of the Board designated by the Board, such employee shall be granted official time for...

  14. 5 CFR 9701.523 - Official time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official time. 9701.523 Section 9701.523... MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Labor-Management Relations § 9701.523 Official time. (a) Any employee representing an... authorized official time for such purposes, including attendance at impasse proceedings, during the time...

  15. 15 CFR 700.6 - Official actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official actions. 700.6 Section 700.6... PRIORITIES AND ALLOCATIONS SYSTEM Overview § 700.6 Official actions. When necessary, Commerce takes specific official actions to implement or enforce the provisions of this regulation and to provide...

  16. 7 CFR 37.10 - Official assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Official assessment. 37.10 Section 37.10 Agriculture... ASSESS ORGANIC CERTIFYING AGENCIES § 37.10 Official assessment. Official assessment of an applicant's... completion of an adequacy audit by the auditors. (b) Program assessment. Assessment of a...

  17. 7 CFR 37.10 - Official assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Official assessment. 37.10 Section 37.10 Agriculture... ASSESS ORGANIC CERTIFYING AGENCIES § 37.10 Official assessment. Official assessment of an applicant's... completion of an adequacy audit by the auditors. (b) Program assessment. Assessment of a...

  18. 7 CFR 37.10 - Official assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Official assessment. 37.10 Section 37.10 Agriculture... ASSESS ORGANIC CERTIFYING AGENCIES § 37.10 Official assessment. Official assessment of an applicant's... completion of an adequacy audit by the auditors. (b) Program assessment. Assessment of a...

  19. 18 CFR 375.103 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Official seal. 375.103... OF ENERGY REVISED GENERAL RULES THE COMMISSION General Provisions § 375.103 Official seal. The Commission hereby prescribes as its official seal, judicial notice of which shall be taken pursuant...

  20. 9 CFR 381.98 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Official seal. 381.98 Section 381.98... Certificates; Certification Procedures § 381.98 Official seal. The official mark for use in sealing means of... and a serial number as shown below, and any seals approved by the Administrator for applying such...

  1. 9 CFR 381.98 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Official seal. 381.98 Section 381.98... Certificates; Certification Procedures § 381.98 Official seal. The official mark for use in sealing means of... and a serial number as shown below, and any seals approved by the Administrator for applying such...

  2. 39 CFR 3002.3 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Official seal. 3002.3 Section 3002.3 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL ORGANIZATION § 3002.3 Official seal. (a) Authority. The Seal described in this section is hereby established as the official seal of the Postal Rate...

  3. 18 CFR 375.103 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Official seal. 375.103... OF ENERGY REVISED GENERAL RULES THE COMMISSION General Provisions § 375.103 Official seal. The Commission hereby prescribes as its official seal, judicial notice of which shall be taken pursuant...

  4. 46 CFR 501.11 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Official seal. 501.11 Section 501.11 Shipping FEDERAL... Seal § 501.11 Official seal. (a) Description. Pursuant to section 201(c) of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as amended (46 U.S.C. 301(d)), the Commission prescribes its official seal, as adopted by...

  5. 46 CFR 501.11 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Official seal. 501.11 Section 501.11 Shipping FEDERAL... Seal § 501.11 Official seal. (a) Description. Pursuant to section 201(c) of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as amended (46 U.S.C. 301(d)), the Commission prescribes its official seal, as adopted by...

  6. 9 CFR 381.98 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official seal. 381.98 Section 381.98... Certificates; Certification Procedures § 381.98 Official seal. The official mark for use in sealing means of... and a serial number as shown below, and any seals approved by the Administrator for applying such...

  7. 39 CFR 3002.3 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Official seal. 3002.3 Section 3002.3 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL ORGANIZATION § 3002.3 Official seal. (a) Authority. The Seal described in this section is hereby established as the official seal of the Postal Rate...

  8. 46 CFR 501.11 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Official seal. 501.11 Section 501.11 Shipping FEDERAL... Seal § 501.11 Official seal. (a) Description. Pursuant to section 201(c) of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as amended (46 U.S.C. 301(d)), the Commission prescribes its official seal, as adopted by...

  9. 18 CFR 375.103 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Official seal. 375.103... OF ENERGY REVISED GENERAL RULES THE COMMISSION General Provisions § 375.103 Official seal. The Commission hereby prescribes as its official seal, judicial notice of which shall be taken pursuant...

  10. 18 CFR 375.103 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Official seal. 375.103... OF ENERGY REVISED GENERAL RULES THE COMMISSION General Provisions § 375.103 Official seal. The Commission hereby prescribes as its official seal, judicial notice of which shall be taken pursuant...

  11. 9 CFR 381.98 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Official seal. 381.98 Section 381.98... Certificates; Certification Procedures § 381.98 Official seal. The official mark for use in sealing means of... and a serial number as shown below, and any seals approved by the Administrator for applying such...

  12. 39 CFR 3002.3 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Official seal. 3002.3 Section 3002.3 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL ORGANIZATION § 3002.3 Official seal. (a) Authority. The Seal described in this section is hereby established as the official seal of the Postal Rate...

  13. 18 CFR 375.103 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Official seal. 375.103... OF ENERGY REVISED GENERAL RULES THE COMMISSION General Provisions § 375.103 Official seal. The Commission hereby prescribes as its official seal, judicial notice of which shall be taken pursuant...

  14. 46 CFR 501.11 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Official seal. 501.11 Section 501.11 Shipping FEDERAL... Seal § 501.11 Official seal. (a) Description. Pursuant to section 201(c) of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as amended (46 U.S.C. 301(d)), the Commission prescribes its official seal, as adopted by...

  15. 9 CFR 381.98 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Official seal. 381.98 Section 381.98... Certificates; Certification Procedures § 381.98 Official seal. The official mark for use in sealing means of... and a serial number as shown below, and any seals approved by the Administrator for applying such...

  16. 46 CFR 501.11 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Official seal. 501.11 Section 501.11 Shipping FEDERAL... Seal § 501.11 Official seal. (a) Description. Pursuant to section 201(c) of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as amended (46 U.S.C. 301(d)), the Commission prescribes its official seal, as adopted by...

  17. 7 CFR 54.17 - Official identifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... MEAT PRODUCTS (GRADING, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) Regulations Service § 54.17 Official..., constitutes official identification to show quality system certification: EC25SE91.007 (j) A shield-shaped ear... (2) Official graders and supervisors of grading may use “Product Control” tags or other methods...

  18. 7 CFR 54.17 - Official identifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... MEAT PRODUCTS (GRADING, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) Regulations Service § 54.17 Official..., constitutes official identification to show quality system certification: EC25SE91.007 (j) A shield-shaped ear... (2) Official graders and supervisors of grading may use “Product Control” tags or other methods...

  19. 7 CFR 54.17 - Official identifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... MEAT PRODUCTS (GRADING, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) Regulations Service § 54.17 Official..., constitutes official identification to show quality system certification: EC25SE91.007 (j) A shield-shaped ear... (2) Official graders and supervisors of grading may use “Product Control” tags or other methods...

  20. 22 CFR 120.26 - Presiding Official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Presiding Official. 120.26 Section 120.26 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.26 Presiding Official. Presiding Official means a person authorized by the U.S. Government...

  1. 22 CFR 120.26 - Presiding Official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Presiding Official. 120.26 Section 120.26 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.26 Presiding Official. Presiding Official means a person authorized by the U.S. Government...

  2. 22 CFR 120.26 - Presiding Official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Presiding Official. 120.26 Section 120.26 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.26 Presiding Official. Presiding Official means a person authorized by the U.S. Government...

  3. 22 CFR 120.26 - Presiding Official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Presiding Official. 120.26 Section 120.26 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.26 Presiding Official. Presiding Official means a person authorized by the U.S. Government...

  4. 22 CFR 120.26 - Presiding Official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Presiding Official. 120.26 Section 120.26 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.26 Presiding Official. Presiding Official means a person authorized by the U.S. Government...

  5. 12 CFR 328.1 - Official sign.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official sign. 328.1 Section 328.1 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY ADVERTISEMENT OF MEMBERSHIP § 328.1 Official sign. (a) The official sign referred to in this part shall be 7″ by...

  6. Making It as a Sports Official.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Bryant, M. C.

    The purpose of this text is to offer information, including career development strategies, about sports officiating, an occupation that attracts little attention as a source of employment. The book presents fundamental techniques for building successful careers as qualified sports officials and illustrates how sports officiating can be taken from…

  7. 9 CFR 355.8 - Official number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Official number. 355.8 Section 355.8... IDENTIFICATION AS TO CLASS, QUALITY, QUANTITY, AND CONDITION Inauguration of Inspection § 355.8 Official number. To each plant granted inspection an official number shall be assigned. Such number shall be...

  8. 9 CFR 355.8 - Official number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Official number. 355.8 Section 355.8... IDENTIFICATION AS TO CLASS, QUALITY, QUANTITY, AND CONDITION Inauguration of Inspection § 355.8 Official number. To each plant granted inspection an official number shall be assigned. Such number shall be...

  9. 9 CFR 355.8 - Official number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Official number. 355.8 Section 355.8... IDENTIFICATION AS TO CLASS, QUALITY, QUANTITY, AND CONDITION Inauguration of Inspection § 355.8 Official number. To each plant granted inspection an official number shall be assigned. Such number shall be...

  10. 9 CFR 355.8 - Official number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Official number. 355.8 Section 355.8... IDENTIFICATION AS TO CLASS, QUALITY, QUANTITY, AND CONDITION Inauguration of Inspection § 355.8 Official number. To each plant granted inspection an official number shall be assigned. Such number shall be...

  11. 2 CFR 2000.930 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Debarring official. 2000.930 Section 2000... REGULATORY COMMISSION NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION Definitions § 2000.930 Debarring official. The Debarring Official for the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission is the Director, Office...

  12. 2 CFR 5800.930 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Debarring official. 5800.930 Section 5800... COMMISSION NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION Definitions § 5800.930 Debarring official. For the Commission, the debarring official for all nonprocurement transactions is the Commission's...

  13. 2 CFR 2000.930 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Debarring official. 2000.930 Section 2000... REGULATORY COMMISSION NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION Definitions § 2000.930 Debarring official. The Debarring Official for the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission is the Director, Office...

  14. 2 CFR 2000.930 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Debarring official. 2000.930 Section 2000... REGULATORY COMMISSION NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION Definitions § 2000.930 Debarring official. The Debarring Official for the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission is the Director, Office...

  15. 2 CFR 5800.930 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Debarring official. 5800.930 Section 5800... COMMISSION NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION Definitions § 5800.930 Debarring official. For the Commission, the debarring official for all nonprocurement transactions is the Commission's...

  16. 2 CFR 5800.930 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Debarring official. 5800.930 Section 5800... COMMISSION NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION Definitions § 5800.930 Debarring official. For the Commission, the debarring official for all nonprocurement transactions is the Commission's...

  17. 2 CFR 2000.930 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Debarring official. 2000.930 Section 2000... REGULATORY COMMISSION NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION Definitions § 2000.930 Debarring official. The Debarring Official for the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission is the Director, Office...

  18. 2 CFR 5800.930 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Debarring official. 5800.930 Section 5800... COMMISSION NONPROCUREMENT DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION Definitions § 5800.930 Debarring official. For the Commission, the debarring official for all nonprocurement transactions is the Commission's...

  19. The Effect of Top-Level Domains and Advertisements on Health Web Site Credibility

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Zuoming; Loh, Tracy

    2004-01-01

    Background Concerns over health information on the Internet have generated efforts to enhance credibility markers; yet how users actually assess the credibility of online health information is largely unknown. Objective This study set out to (1) establish a parsimonious and valid questionnaire instrument to measure credibility of Internet health information by drawing on various previous measures of source, news, and other credibility scales; and (2) to identify the effects of Web-site domains and advertising on credibility perceptions. Methods Respondents (N = 156) examined one of 12 Web-site mock-ups and completed credibility scales in a 3 x 2 x 2 between-subjects experimental design. Factor analysis and validity checks were used for item reduction, and analysis of variance was employed for hypothesis testing of Web-site features' effects. Results In an attempt to construct a credibility instrument, three dimensions of credibility (safety, trustworthiness, and dynamism) were retained, reflecting traditional credibility sub-themes, but composed of items from disparate sources. When testing the effect of the presence or absence of advertising on a Web site on credibility, we found that this depends on the site's domain, with a trend for advertisements having deleterious effects on the credibility of sites with .org domain, but positive effects on sites with .com or .edu domains. Conclusions Health-information Web-site providers should select domains purposefully when they can, especially if they must accept on-site advertising. Credibility perceptions may not be invariant or stable, but rather are sensitive to topic and context. Future research may employ these findings in order to compare other forms of health-information delivery to optimal Web-site features. PMID:15471750

  20. Speaker Credibility in Persuasive Business Communication: A Model which Explains Gender Differences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenton, Sherron B.

    1989-01-01

    Expands Carl Hovland's Yale Communication Model to include dimensions which explain gender differences in speaker credibility in persuasive business communication, with support from the gender literature. (MS)

  1. Credibility Analysis of Putative Disease-Causing Genes Using Bioinformatics

    PubMed Central

    Abel, Olubunmi; Powell, John F.; Andersen, Peter M.; Al-Chalabi, Ammar

    2013-01-01

    Background Genetic studies are challenging in many complex diseases, particularly those with limited diagnostic certainty, low prevalence or of old age. The result is that genes may be reported as disease-causing with varying levels of evidence, and in some cases, the data may be so limited as to be indistinguishable from chance findings. When there are large numbers of such genes, an objective method for ranking the evidence is useful. Using the neurodegenerative and complex disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) as a model, and the disease-specific database ALSoD, the objective is to develop a method using publicly available data to generate a credibility score for putative disease-causing genes. Methods Genes with at least one publication suggesting involvement in adult onset familial ALS were collated following an exhaustive literature search. SQL was used to generate a score by extracting information from the publications and combined with a pathogenicity analysis using bioinformatics tools. The resulting score allowed us to rank genes in order of credibility. To validate the method, we compared the objective ranking with a rank generated by ALS genetics experts. Spearman's Rho was used to compare rankings generated by the different methods. Results The automated method ranked ALS genes in the following order: SOD1, TARDBP, FUS, ANG, SPG11, NEFH, OPTN, ALS2, SETX, FIG4, VAPB, DCTN1, TAF15, VCP, DAO. This compared very well to the ranking of ALS genetics experts, with Spearman's Rho of 0.69 (P = 0.009). Conclusion We have presented an automated method for scoring the level of evidence for a gene being disease-causing. In developing the method we have used the model disease ALS, but it could equally be applied to any disease in which there is genotypic uncertainty. PMID:23755159

  2. 7 CFR 58.337 - Official test methods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, published by the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, the Official and Tentative Methods of the American Oil Chemists Society...

  3. 7 CFR 58.337 - Official test methods.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, published by the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, the Official and Tentative Methods of the American Oil Chemists Society...

  4. 39 CFR 962.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or presiding official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or... reviewing official or presiding official. If a Respondent believes, in good faith, that the Reviewing... Presiding Officer finds that such allegations concerning the Reviewing Official are meritorious, he...

  5. 9 CFR 325.7 - Shipment of products requiring special supervision between official establishments under official...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... supervision between official establishments under official seal; certificate. 325.7 Section 325.7 Animals and... official seal; certificate. (a) Products passed for cooking, pork that has been refrigerated to destroy... subchapter, in railroad cars, trucks, or other means of conveyance sealed with the official seal of...

  6. 9 CFR 325.7 - Shipment of products requiring special supervision between official establishments under official...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... supervision between official establishments under official seal; certificate. 325.7 Section 325.7 Animals and... official seal; certificate. (a) Products passed for cooking, pork that has been refrigerated to destroy... subchapter, in railroad cars, trucks, or other means of conveyance sealed with the official seal of...

  7. 29 CFR 2703.2 - Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. 2703.2 Section 2703.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL... agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. The Chairman shall appoint...

  8. 29 CFR 2703.2 - Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. 2703.2 Section 2703.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL... agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. The Chairman shall appoint...

  9. 29 CFR 2703.2 - Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. 2703.2 Section 2703.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL... agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. The Chairman shall appoint...

  10. 29 CFR 2703.2 - Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. 2703.2 Section 2703.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL... agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. The Chairman shall appoint...

  11. 29 CFR 2703.2 - Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. 2703.2 Section 2703.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL... agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. The Chairman shall appoint...

  12. 49 CFR 604.6 - Government officials on official government business.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Government officials on official government...) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CHARTER SERVICE Exceptions § 604.6 Government officials on official government business. (a) A recipient may provide charter service to...

  13. 49 CFR 604.6 - Government officials on official government business.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Government officials on official government...) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CHARTER SERVICE Exceptions § 604.6 Government officials on official government business. (a) A recipient may provide charter service to...

  14. 49 CFR 604.6 - Government officials on official government business.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Government officials on official government...) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CHARTER SERVICE Exceptions § 604.6 Government officials on official government business. (a) A recipient may provide charter service to...

  15. 49 CFR 604.6 - Government officials on official government business.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Government officials on official government...) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CHARTER SERVICE Exceptions § 604.6 Government officials on official government business. (a) A recipient may provide charter service to...

  16. 49 CFR 604.6 - Government officials on official government business.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Government officials on official government...) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION CHARTER SERVICE Exceptions § 604.6 Government officials on official government business. (a) A recipient may provide charter service to...

  17. Key Obama officials leave administration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    2013-01-01

    Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar is one of the latest members of the Obama administration to announce that he is leaving his position near the start of President Obama's second term in office. Salazar, who has served as interior secretary since January 2009, intends to leave the department by the end of March, the department noted on 16 January. Salazar joins a number of other key officials who are planning to leave the administration. They include Environmental Protection Agency administrator Lisa Jackson, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration administrator Jane Lubchenco, and U.S. Geological Survey director Marcia McNutt.

  18. A STUDY IN ORGANIZATIONAL INTERACTION BETWEEN AN EVENING COLLEGE AND ITS PARENT INSTITUTION. FINAL REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    JACOBSON, MYRTLE S.

    THIS STUDY IN ORGANIZATIONAL INTERACTION ANALYZES THE STRUCTURAL TIES AND INTERACTIVE RELATIONSHIPS OF AN EDUCATIONAL SUB-ORGANIZATION (EVENING DEGREE PROGRAM) AND ITS PARENT COLLEGIATE INSTITUTION (BROOKLYN COLLEGE). AN EXAMINATION OF OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS, CORRESPONDENCE, POLICY STATEMENTS, AND MANY INTERVIEWS, QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEYS, AND…

  19. Organizational Models for Online Education: District, State, or Charter School? Policy and Planning Series #109

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavalluzzo, Linda

    2004-01-01

    Opportunities for online K-12 education are expanding dramatically throughout the United States. This paper describes some of the organizational models that have been developed to provide online education to public school students, including their key strengths and challenges. The review is intended to help state and local school officials weigh…

  20. Ethos and Credibility: The Construct and Its Measurement after Three Decades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCroskey, James C.; Young, Thomas J.

    1981-01-01

    Reviews research involving the definition and measurement of the source credibility construct and reports on a new study. Argues that future factor analytic studies of source credibility would serve no useful purpose, that the historical definitions of the construct should be retained, and that satisfactory measures already exist. (PD)

  1. The Development and Validation of an Instrument That Measures Student Perceptions of Teacher Credibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lapan, Stephen D.

    The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an instrument to collect student judgments regarding their teacher's credibility. Items were developed and evidence of content validity generated. A pilot sample and a final sample of high school students were administered the Source Credibility Measure (SCM) so that actual response data could…

  2. Validating a Scale for the Measurement of Credibility: A Covariance Structure Modeling Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Mark Douglas

    1994-01-01

    Presents an attempt to cross-validate a widely used set of standard credibility scales. Finds that the Meyer modification of the Gaziano-McGrath scales appears to validly and reliably measure credibility per se but that a second set of scales posited to measure community affiliation is not sufficiently reliable in its current form for use without…

  3. What Does a Transformative Lens Bring to Credible Evidence in Mixed Methods Evaluations?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mertens, Donna M.

    2013-01-01

    Credibility in evaluation is a multifaceted concept that involves consideration of diverse stakeholders' perspectives and purposes. The use of a transformative lens is proposed as a means to bringing issues of social justice and human rights to the foreground in decisions about methodology, credibility of evidence, and use of evaluation…

  4. Effects of Argument Scaffolding and Source Credibility on Science Text Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Tzu-Jung; Horng, Ruey-Yun; Anderson, Richard C.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of argument scaffolding and source credibility on science text comprehension. Eighty-seven college students were randomly assigned to an argument scaffolding activity, or no scaffolding, and read 2 science texts, attributed to a high- or a low-credibility source. The argument-scaffolding group recalled less…

  5. 45 CFR 158.231 - Life-years used to determine credible experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Life-years used to determine credible experience. 158.231 Section 158.231 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING... and Providing the Rebate § 158.231 Life-years used to determine credible experience. (a) The...

  6. 45 CFR 158.231 - Life-years used to determine credible experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Life-years used to determine credible experience. 158.231 Section 158.231 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services REQUIREMENTS RELATING... and Providing the Rebate § 158.231 Life-years used to determine credible experience. (a) The...

  7. Students' Evaluation of the Credibility of Scientific Models that Represent Natural Entities and Phenomena

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to explore learners' evaluation of the credibility of scientific models that represent natural entities and phenomena. Participants were 845 students in grades 9-11 (aged 15-17 years) and 108 prospective science teachers in Oman, totaling 953 students. A survey called Epistemologies about the Credibility of…

  8. Initiating and Reciprocating Verbal Aggression: Effects on Credibility and Credited Valid Arguments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Infante, Dominic A.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Finds that the initiators of verbal aggression in a discussion were seen by observers as less credible and had fewer valid arguments credited to them, whereas targets of verbal aggression were seen as more credible and were credited with more valid arguments when they reciprocated a level of verbal aggression. (SR)

  9. The Importance of Being…Social? Instructor Credibility and the Millennials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerhardt, Megan W.

    2016-01-01

    Using the framework of generational identity, the current study explores how a range of characteristics impact Millennial perceptions of instructor credibility. Millennial Generation student ratings of the impact of competence, character, and sociability on instructor credibility were compared to faculty ratings of the same characteristics.…

  10. 45 CFR 158.231 - Life-years used to determine credible experience.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... for the 2013 MLR reporting year only. (e) For the 2014 MLR reporting year for the student market only— (1) If an issuer's experience for the 2014 MLR reporting year is fully credible, the life-years used to determine credibility are the life-years for the 2014 MLR reporting year only; (2) If an...

  11. The Impact of Instructor Attire on Student Perceptions of Faculty Credibility and Their Own Resultant Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavin, Angeline M.; Davies, Thomas L.; Carr, David L.

    2010-01-01

    Prior studies suggest that faculty members who are credible are more effective in the classroom in that they are evaluated more highly and their students achieve greater learning. This paper explores how the instructor's attire impacts his or her perceived credibility, and how the students' corresponding perception of instructor credibility…

  12. Use of Credibility Heuristics in a Social Question-Answering Service

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: This study looked at the effect of community peripheral cues (specifically voting score and answerer's reputation) on the user's credibility rating of answers. Method: Students in technology and philosophy were asked to assess the credibility of answers to questions posted on a social question-answering platform. Through the use of a…

  13. In Your Facebook: Examining Facebook Usage as Misbehavior on Perceived Teacher Credibility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hutchens, Jason S.; Hayes, Timothy

    2014-01-01

    Teachers sometimes do things that negatively impact their own credibility in classroom settings. One way instructors maintain credibility among students is by keeping a veil between their personal and professional personas. The advent of Facebook presents new challenges for instructors seeking to keep their personal lives private in order to…

  14. Sexual Preference Similarity, Attitude Similarity, and Perceived Counselor Credibility and Attractiveness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atkinson, Donald R.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Examined the effect of membership group and attitudinal similarity on perceived counselor credibility and attractiveness. Homosexual men (N=84) rated the counselor's credibility and attractiveness after listening to a recorded counseling interview. The counselor was rated more expert, trustworthy, and attractive when he stated a sexual preference…

  15. The Effect of Physical Attractiveness and Spokesperson Sex on Perceived Source and Organization Credibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Donna L.; And Others

    To explore the dimensions of credibility and physical attractiveness in a public relations setting, the impact of public relations (PR) spokesperson physical attractiveness--as operationalized as photographs of the spokesperson attached to a press release--on perceptions of both the writer's and the organization's credibility was examined.…

  16. Body Type and Sex of Receiver: Their Effects on Source Credibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eckman, Bruce K.; Rancer, Andrew S.

    This study focused on whether actual or stereotypic associations with a speaker's body type would affect his or her credibility. Effects on the source-credibility ratings submitted by a total of 165 students were investigated for three different sources' body types. A significant main effect was found for body type but not for the blocked…

  17. The Credibility of Posted Information in a Recommender System Based on a Map

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamamoto, Koji; Katagami, Daisuke; Nitta, Katsumi; Aiba, Akira; Kuwata, Hitoshi

    In this paper, we propose a method for estimating the credibility of the posted information from users. We incorporate this method in a system which recommends the route and destination using other user's posted information. Users can post information, and other users can refer to them. These information includes a picture, comment, genre, expiration date, and so on. The system displays these information on the map. Since posted information can include subjective information from various perspectives, we can't trust all of the postings as they are. We propose and integrate two factors of credibility of posted information. First, credibility of voting by other users is determined based on the posting user's own credibility and other users' credibility who approved or disapproved her/his posting information. The other is credibility of geographic posting tendency of the users. This credibility is determined based on dispersion of posted information on the map. From experimental results, we concluded our method measures credibility of posted information validly.

  18. Does Organizational Forgetting Matter? Organizational Survival for Life Coaching Companies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Erhan; Gormus, Alparslan Sahin

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purposes of this paper are to determine the role of organizational forgetting in different type of coaching companies and to determine organizational survival based on both knowledge structure of coaching companies and organizational forgetting with core features of organizations. Design/methodology/approach: Within the context of…

  19. Organizational Citizenship and Organizational Justice in Turkish Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yilmaz, Kursad; Tasdan, Murat

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine primary school teachers' perceptions regarding organizational citizenship and organizational justice. The study also aims to determine whether such perceptions vary depending on the variables of gender, field of study and seniority, and whether organizational citizenship behaviors and…

  20. Organizational Justice As a Predictor of Organizational Silence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Çetin

    2014-01-01

    In this study, relation between teachers' perception for organizational justice and their organizational silence was examined. Sample of this study consists of 300 teachers who work at elementary schools in Siirt. Relational Scanning model was utilized in performance of this study. In this study, Organizational Justice Scale and…

  1. The credibility of a source influences the rate of unconscious plagiarism.

    PubMed

    Bink, M L; Marsh, R L; Hicks, J L; Howard, J D

    1999-05-01

    Three experiments were conducted to investigate the relationship between the credibility of information and later unconscious plagiarism of that information. In each experiment, ideas concerning ways to reduce traffic accidents were presented from a more credible source (traffic planners) and a less credible source (college freshmen). After a distractor task, participants were asked to generate novel ways to reduce traffic accidents. In Experiments 1 and 2, unconscious plagiarism of ideas presented from the more credible source was greater than from the less credible source. In neither experiment was explicit memory for ideas from each source different in tests of source monitoring or free recall. However, the difference in unconscious plagiarism was eliminated in Experiment 3 by having participants generate the implications of ideas at study. The results are discussed in terms of the explicit factors that affect the incidence of unconscious plagiarism. PMID:10659079

  2. Organizational Adaptation and Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cameron, Kim S.

    1984-01-01

    Organizational adaptation and types of adaptation needed in academe in the future are reviewed and major conceptual approaches to organizational adaptation are presented. The probable environment that institutions will face in the future that will require adaptation is discussed. (MLW)

  3. Practical Scheffe-type credibility intervals for variables of a groundwater model

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cooley, R.L.

    1999-01-01

    Simultaneous Scheffe-type credibility intervals (the Bayesian version of confidence intervals) for variables of a groundwater flow model calibrated using a Bayesian maximum a posteriori procedure were derived by Cooley [1993b]. It was assumed that variances reflecting the expected differences between observed and model-computed quantities used to calibrate the model are known, whereas they would often be unknown for an actual model. In this study the variances are regarded as unknown, and variance variability from observation to observation is approximated by grouping the data so that each group is characterized by a uniform variance. The credibility intervals are calculated from the posterior distribution, which was developed by considering each group variance to be a random variable about which nothing is known a priori, then eliminating it by integration. Numerical experiments using two test problems illustrate some characteristics of the credibility intervals. Nonlinearity of the statistical model greatly affected some of the credibility intervals, indicating that credibility intervals computed using the standard linear model approximation may often be inadequate to characterize uncertainty for actual field problems. The parameter characterizing the probability level for the credibility intervals was, however, accurately computed using a linear model approximation, as compared with values calculated using second-order and fully nonlinear formulations. This allows the credibility intervals to be computed very efficiently.Simultaneous Scheffe-type credibility intervals for variables of a groundwater flow model calibrated using a Bayesian maximum a posteriori procedure were developed. The variances reflecting the expected differences between the observed and model-computed quantities were unknown, and variance variability from observation to observation was approximated by grouping the data so that each group was characterized by a uniform variance. Nonlinearity

  4. NASA Standard for Models and Simulations: Credibility Assessment Scale

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Babula, Maria; Bertch, William J.; Green, Lawrence L.; Hale, Joseph P.; Mosier, Gary E.; Steele, Martin J.; Woods, Jody

    2009-01-01

    As one of its many responses to the 2003 Space Shuttle Columbia accident, NASA decided to develop a formal standard for models and simulations (M&S). Work commenced in May 2005. An interim version was issued in late 2006. This interim version underwent considerable revision following an extensive Agency-wide review in 2007 along with some additional revisions as a result of the review by the NASA Engineering Management Board (EMB) in the first half of 2008. Issuance of the revised, permanent version, hereafter referred to as the M&S Standard or just the Standard, occurred in July 2008. Bertch, Zang and Steeleiv provided a summary review of the development process of this standard up through the start of the review by the EMB. A thorough recount of the entire development process, major issues, key decisions, and all review processes are available in Ref. v. This is the second of a pair of papers providing a summary of the final version of the Standard. Its focus is the Credibility Assessment Scale, a key feature of the Standard, including an example of its application to a real-world M&S problem for the James Webb Space Telescope. The companion paper summarizes the overall philosophy of the Standard and an overview of the requirements. Verbatim quotes from the Standard are integrated into the text of this paper, and are indicated by quotation marks.

  5. The Internet's impact on policy evaluation: information compression and credibility.

    PubMed

    Bozeman, Barry

    2004-04-01

    As with all media, the Internet structures and frames information, rewarding some information search and decision behaviors while punishing others and, thereby, strongly influences evaluation research results and possibilities. Now that the Internet is for many evaluators the information medium of choice, the impacts of the medium on evaluation deserve careful attention. The objective of this article is to lay groundwork for a theory of the impact of the Internet on evaluation and policy analysis. Questions addressed include the following: (a) What is the impact of the Internet on the evaluator's professional role, work norms, and work habits? (b) Does the use of the Internet affect who is an evaluator or the meaning of professional evaluation? and (c) How does evaluation via Internet affect the technical quality and credibility of evaluation? A key thesis is that the Internet compresses information in the sense that it is not always easy to distinguish among information resources and, especially, the authority of the information provider and the nature of the knowledge warrant. On one hand, the Internet's information compression seems to hold potential for the democratization of evaluation. On the other hand, the diminished ability to make quality distinctions about evaluation-relevant information may undercut the legitimacy of evaluation. PMID:15030618

  6. The corporation and the community: Credibility, legitimacy, and imposed risk

    SciTech Connect

    Wade, C. ); Rosenthal, I. . Center for Risk and Decision Processes)

    1991-10-01

    In this age of rapid changes, large segments of society no longer trust any institution or authority in regard to pronouncements on what is safe. Because of this distrust, the public has demanded and obtained increased rights for individuals to intervene directly in decisions affecting them. Rosenthal warns that an organization that just fulfills its legal requirements for safety is no longer doing enough. Industry leaders must work toward re-establishing credibility by identifying persons who are potentially at risk as a result of industry activities, involving them in the communication process, and justifying the firm's social benefits. Seeking social legitimacy, chemical manufacturers have formed self-assessment groups and community councils, which have reaped unexpected benefits but have forced them to deal with issues they would have preferred to avoid. To industry leaders who contend that these types of activities are not worth the effort, Rosenthal presents a timely warning. Government and business must reduce public concerns significantly and make stakeholders more willing to tolerate imposed risk because of perceived benefits. It the public's concern is not reduced, we will all be required to make greater and greater investments in an inefficient and largely fruitless pursuit of absolute safety. 16 refs.

  7. Organizational Theory and Leadership Navigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brazer, S. David; Kruse, Sharon D.; Conley, Sharon

    2014-01-01

    Teaching organizational theory in a way that bridges to leadership practice is vital to preparing deft educational leaders who understand the organizational behavior of schools and districts. Organizational theory guides understanding of the complexities of schools and districts and can be a basis for collaborative and effective decision making.…

  8. Simulation Gaming for Organizational Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruohomaki, Virpi

    2003-01-01

    This article introduces development and design approaches to organizational change (DIL). Simulation games can be used for promoting organizational development. They offer an arena for organization members to analyze the present state of an organization and create new organizational solutions. The bridge between the present and future mode of…

  9. Organizational Learning and Crisis Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Jia

    2007-01-01

    The impact of crises on organizations has been stronger than ever. This article explores the role of organizational learning in crisis management, an area that has received little attention from HRD community. Recognizing the dynamics and interconnectedness of crisis management, organizational learning, and organizational change, the article…

  10. Organizational Effectiveness: A Comprehensive Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cameron, Kim S., Comp.

    A bibliography on organizational effectiveness that contains approximately 515 references, dated primarily since 1970, is presented. The focus is the organizational level of analysis, rather than individual effectiveness or environmental (e.g., economy) performance. The literature included comes from the organizational sciences, higher education,…

  11. Organizational Performance and Customer Value

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tosti, Donald; Herbst, Scott A.

    2009-01-01

    While behavior systems analysts have recognized the importance of the consumer of organizational products (i.e., receiving system) in developing models of organizational change, few have offered a systematic assessment of the relationship between consumer and organizational practices. In this article we will discuss how a behavior systems approach…

  12. [Major ambulatory surgery: organizational models].

    PubMed

    Baldi, R; Lazzarato, M; Masiero, A; Mandini, A

    1992-09-01

    In this essay, the authors provide a definition for those medical care facilities representing a consolidated alternative to traditional hospitalization. These facilities can be basically ascribed to the following patterns: day case surgery; day-hospital activity; home-care. Day case surgery is a complex and, in most cases, interdisciplinary procedure; this type of activity necessitates a pre-hospitalization period and often also a "protected discharge" or even a home-care service. Some specific criteria regarding day surgery activity have been defined as follows: the main criteria have a clinical nature, but they interact with others belonging to a social and structural-organizational order. The Royal College of Surgeons of United Kingdom has officially recognized in 1985 this medical care typology as one of the constituents of surgical care, and has evaluated that at least 1/3 of the overall operations could be carried out as day care surgery. In the United States, besides hospital and ambulatory surgery activity, a new pattern known as "free-standing center" has been promoted; in 1993, 35% of the operations is expected to be carried out in day case surgery centers. As far as Italy is concerned, in 1988 only day-hospital practice has been adequately recognized as an alternative medical care facility to traditional hospitalization. The Emilia Romagna region, in order to increase day case surgery activity, has issued in 1991 a list of 53 DRGs, in which day bed units treatment was possible. Up to now, however, only a small part of these diseases is treated on a day case surgery basis. PMID:1306168

  13. 34 CFR 85.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the agency head. (b) Authority: E.O. 12549 (3 CFR, 1986 Comp., p. 189); E.O 12689 (3 CFR, 1989 Comp., p. 235); 20 U.S.C. 1082, 1094, 1221e-3 and 3474; and Sec. 2455, Pub. L. 103-355, 108 Stat. 3243 at...) Definitions § 85.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized...

  14. 34 CFR 85.1010 - Suspending official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... designated by the agency head. (b) Authority: E.O. 12549 (3 CFR, 1986 Comp., p. 189); E.O 12689 (3 CFR, 1989 Comp., p. 235); 20 U.S.C. 1082, 1094, 1221e-3 and 3474; and Sec. 2455, Pub. L. 103-355, 108 Stat. 3243...) Definitions § 85.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending official means an agency official who is...

  15. Education and Organizational Democracy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Henry M.

    Because a main educational function is to prepare children for workplace roles, education's organizational forms and functions tend to correspond to those of the workplace. For instance, as the U.S. economy moved from agricultural through industrial to service bases, U.S. education moved from nonpublic schools to public schools to mass higher…

  16. ORGANIZATIONAL RISK COMMUNICATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    Ris communication tools in organizations differs in several ways from many of tools and techniques developed for public meetings. The traditional view of risk communication seeks to manage the public outrage ssociated with site-based issues. Organizational risk communication seek...

  17. Organizational Management Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haendle, Connie

    A handbook on the organizational structure and management practices of the Literacy Volunteers of America, Inc. (LVA), is presented. An outline of LVA's structure and policies is presented as basic training for leaders before they begin the planning and operational phases. The activity of starting an affiliate is described with respect to interim…

  18. Organizational Knowledge Management Structure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walczak, Steven

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: To propose and evaluate a novel management structure that encourages knowledge sharing across an organization. Design/methodology/approach: The extant literature on the impact of organizational culture and its link to management structure is examined and used to develop a new knowledge sharing management structure. Roadblocks to…

  19. The urban context: a place to eliminate health disparities and build organizational capacity.

    PubMed

    Gilbert, Keon L; Quinn, Sandra Crouse; Ford, Angela F; Thomas, Stephen B

    2011-01-01

    This study seeks to examine the process of building the capacity to address health disparities in several urban African American neighborhoods. An inter-organizational network consisting of a research university, community members, community organizations, media partners, and foundations was formed to develop a community-based intervention designed to provide health promotion and disease prevention strategies for type 2 diabetes and hypertension. In-depth qualitative interviews (n = 18) with foundation executives and project directors, civic organization leadership, community leaders, county epidemiologist, and university partners were conducted. Our study contextualizes a process to build a public health partnership using cultural, community, organizational, and societal factors necessary to address health disparities. Results showed 5 important factors to build organizational capacity: leadership, institutional commitment, trust, credibility, and inter-organizational networks. These factors reflected other important organizational and community capacity indicators such as: community context, organizational policies, practices and structures, and the establishment of new commitments and partnerships important to comprehensively address urban health disparities. Understanding these factors to address African American health disparities will provide lessons learned for health educators, researchers, practitioners, foundations, and communities interested in building and sustaining capacity efforts through the design, implementation, and maintenance of a community-based health promotion intervention. PMID:21271434

  20. Ensuring Credibility of NASA's Earth Science Data (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maiden, M. E.; Ramapriyan, H. K.; Mitchell, A. E.; Berrick, S. W.; Walter, J.; Murphy, K. J.

    2013-12-01

    The summary description of the Fall 2013 AGU session on 'Data Curation, Credibility, Preservation Implementation, and Data Rescue to Enable Multi-Source Science' identifies four attributes needed to ensure credibility in Earth science data records. NASA's Earth Science Data Systems Program has been working on all four of these attributes: transparency, completeness, permanence, and ease of access and use, by focusing on them and upon improving our practices of them, over many years. As far as transparency or openness, NASA was in the forefront of free and open sharing of data and associated information for Earth observations. The US data policy requires such openness, but allows for the recoup of the marginal cost of distribution of government data and information - but making the data available with no such charge greatly increases their usage in scientific studies and the resultant analyses hasten our collective understanding of the Earth system. NASA's currently available Earth observations comprise primarily those obtained from satellite-borne instruments, suborbital campaigns, and field investigations. These data are complex and must be accompanied by rich metadata and documentation to be understandable. To enable completeness, NASA utilizes standards for data format, metadata content, and required documentation for any data that are ingested into our distributed Earth Observing System Data and Information System, or EOSDIS. NASA is moving to a new metadata paradigm, primarily to enable a fuller description of data quality and fit-for-purpose attributes. This paradigm offers structured approaches for storing quality measures in metadata that include elements such as Positional Accuracy, Lineage and Cloud Cover. NASA exercises validation processes for the Earth Science Data Systems Program to ensure users of EOSDIS have a predictable level of confidence in data as well as assessing the data viability for usage and application. The Earth Science Data Systems

  1. Credibility of statistical modeling of extreme wind speed

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pop, L.

    2009-09-01

    This paper deals with credibility of statistical modeling of extreme wind speed. The work has been done in the framework of Project KJB300420905 - Analysis of extreme wind speed in the Czech Republic (2009-2011, AV0/KJ). Statistical modeling of extreme wind speed is based on the extremal types theorem. The theorem states that extreme values converge to so-called Generalized extreme value (GEV). Depending on one parameter, usually called k, the distribution is usually called Fréchet (k > 0), Gumbel (k = 0) or Weibull (k < 0). Using upper tail of these distributions, it is simple to estimate wind speed with return period N years. The most important value for technical applications is the case N = 50. Fréchet distribution has an upper limit, while Gumbel and Weibull distributions have not. Consequently, Fréchet distribution is considered not to be suitable for extreme wind speed applications, because there is no physical reason for such an upper limit However, the extreme wind speed based on Fréchet distribution enables arbitrary high upper tail of distribution, so the previous reason is by not sufficient for excllusion of the distribution from extreme wind modeling by some authors. The most applied method is Gumbel distribution. There is not any theoretical reason for this fact. But the value of wind speed with return period of 50 years is strongly affected by thickness of right tail of GEV distribution and, consequently, by value of parameter k. Limitation of Gumbell distribution is keeping this value equal to zero, so estimated values of extreme wind are expected to be less scattered. Extremal types theorem has two presumptions: stationarity and extremity of modeled data. Stationarity strongly depends on quality of the measured data, however this issue will not be addressed here. Instead we will suppose that all measured data are of good quality Other problems preventing stationarity are due to time correlations of wind speed. Possible reasons are as follows: 1

  2. Spatial Collective Intelligence? credibility, accuracy, and Volunteered Geographic Information

    PubMed Central

    Spielman, Seth E.

    2014-01-01

    Collective intelligence is the idea that under the right circumstances collections of individuals are smarter than even the smartest individuals in the group (Suroweiki 2004), that is a group has an “intelligence” that is independent of the intelligence of its members. The ideology of collective intelligence undergirds much of the enthusiasm about the use of “volunteered” or crowdsourced geographic information. Literature from a variety of fields makes clear that not all groups possess collective intelligence, this paper identifies four pre-conditions for the emergence of collective intelligence and then examine the extent to which collectively generated mapping systems satisfy these conditions. However, the “intelligence” collectively generated maps is hard to assess because there are two difficult to reconcile perspectives on map quality- the credibility perspective and the accuracy perspective. Much of the current literature on user generated maps focuses on assessing the quality of individual contributions. However, because user generated maps are complex social systems and because the quality of a contribution is difficult to assess this strategy may not yield an “intelligent” end product. The existing literature on collective intelligence suggests that the structure of groups more important that the intelligence of group members. Applying this idea to user generated suggests that systems should be designed to foster conditions known to produce collective intelligence rather than privileging particular contributions/contributors. The paper concludes with some design recommendations and by considering the implications of collectively generated maps for both expert knowledge and traditional state sponsored mapping programs. PMID:25419184

  3. Analysis of regression confidence intervals and Bayesian credible intervals for uncertainty quantification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Dan; Ye, Ming; Hill, Mary C.

    2012-09-01

    Confidence intervals based on classical regression theories augmented to include prior information and credible intervals based on Bayesian theories are conceptually different ways to quantify parametric and predictive uncertainties. Because both confidence and credible intervals are used in environmental modeling, we seek to understand their differences and similarities. This is of interest in part because calculating confidence intervals typically requires tens to thousands of model runs, while Bayesian credible intervals typically require tens of thousands to millions of model runs. Given multi-Gaussian distributed observation errors, our theoretical analysis shows that, for linear or linearized-nonlinear models, confidence and credible intervals are always numerically identical when consistent prior information is used. For nonlinear models, nonlinear confidence and credible intervals can be numerically identical if parameter confidence regions defined using the approximate likelihood method and parameter credible regions estimated using Markov chain Monte Carlo realizations are numerically identical and predictions are a smooth, monotonic function of the parameters. Both occur if intrinsic model nonlinearity is small. While the conditions of Gaussian errors and small intrinsic model nonlinearity are violated by many environmental models, heuristic tests using analytical and numerical models suggest that linear and nonlinear confidence intervals can be useful approximations of uncertainty even under significantly nonideal conditions. In the context of epistemic model error for a complex synthetic nonlinear groundwater problem, the linear and nonlinear confidence and credible intervals for individual models performed similarly enough to indicate that the computationally frugal confidence intervals can be useful in many circumstances. Experiences with these groundwater models are expected to be broadly applicable to many environmental models. We suggest that for

  4. 9 CFR 325.5 - Unmarked inspected product transported under official seal between official establishments for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Unmarked inspected product transported... CERTIFICATION TRANSPORTATION § 325.5 Unmarked inspected product transported under official seal between official... transported from one official establishment to another for further processing without each article...

  5. 9 CFR 325.6 - Shipment of paunches between official establishments under official seal; certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... establishments under official seal; certificate. 325.6 Section 325.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND... between official establishments under official seal; certificate. Cattle and sheep paunches which have... seal of the Department as prescribed in § 312.5(a) of this subchapter....

  6. 9 CFR 325.6 - Shipment of paunches between official establishments under official seal; certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... establishments under official seal; certificate. 325.6 Section 325.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND... between official establishments under official seal; certificate. Cattle and sheep paunches which have... seal of the Department as prescribed in § 312.5(a) of this subchapter....

  7. 9 CFR 325.6 - Shipment of paunches between official establishments under official seal; certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... establishments under official seal; certificate. 325.6 Section 325.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND... between official establishments under official seal; certificate. Cattle and sheep paunches which have... seal of the Department as prescribed in § 312.5(a) of this subchapter....

  8. 9 CFR 325.6 - Shipment of paunches between official establishments under official seal; certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... establishments under official seal; certificate. 325.6 Section 325.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND... between official establishments under official seal; certificate. Cattle and sheep paunches which have... seal of the Department as prescribed in § 312.5(a) of this subchapter....

  9. 9 CFR 325.6 - Shipment of paunches between official establishments under official seal; certificate.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... establishments under official seal; certificate. 325.6 Section 325.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND... between official establishments under official seal; certificate. Cattle and sheep paunches which have... seal of the Department as prescribed in § 312.5(a) of this subchapter....

  10. Perspectives on Official English. The Campaign for English as the Official Language of the USA.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Karen L., Ed.; Brink, Daniel T., Ed.

    Essays on the campaign to establish English as the United States' official language include: "Official Languages and Language Planning" (Richard Ruiz); "Una lingua, una patria?: Is Monolingualism Beneficial or Harmful to a Nation's Unity?" (David F. Marshall and Roseann D. Gonzalez); "Canadian Perspectives on Official English" (Joseph E. Magnet);…

  11. 16 CFR 0.2 - Official address.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Official address. 0.2 Section 0.2 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION, PROCEDURES AND RULES OF PRACTICE ORGANIZATION § 0.2 Official address. The principal office of the Commission is at Washington, DC. All communications to...

  12. 7 CFR 58.734 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Specifications for Dairy Plants Approved for USDA Inspection and Grading Service 1 Requirements for Processed Cheese Products Bearing Usda Official Identification § 58.734 Official identification. Only process cheese products manufactured and packaged in accordance with the requirements of this part and with...

  13. 7 CFR 58.734 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Specifications for Dairy Plants Approved for USDA Inspection and Grading Service 1 Requirements for Processed Cheese Products Bearing Usda Official Identification § 58.734 Official identification. Only process cheese products manufactured and packaged in accordance with the requirements of this part and with...

  14. 7 CFR 58.734 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Specifications for Dairy Plants Approved for USDA Inspection and Grading Service 1 Requirements for Processed Cheese Products Bearing Usda Official Identification § 58.734 Official identification. Only process cheese products manufactured and packaged in accordance with the requirements of this part and with...

  15. 7 CFR 58.734 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Specifications for Dairy Plants Approved for USDA Inspection and Grading Service 1 Requirements for Processed Cheese Products Bearing Usda Official Identification § 58.734 Official identification. Only process cheese products manufactured and packaged in accordance with the requirements of this part and with...

  16. 7 CFR 58.734 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Specifications for Dairy Plants Approved for USDA Inspection and Grading Service 1 Requirements for Processed Cheese Products Bearing Usda Official Identification § 58.734 Official identification. Only process cheese products manufactured and packaged in accordance with the requirements of this part and with...

  17. 22 CFR 1429.13 - Official time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... participation, including necessary travel time, as occurs during the employee's regular work hours and when the... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Official time. 1429.13 Section 1429.13 Foreign... REQUIREMENTS Miscellaneous § 1429.13 Official time. If the participation of any employee in any phase of...

  18. 22 CFR 1429.13 - Official time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... participation, including necessary travel time, as occurs during the employee's regular work hours and when the... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Official time. 1429.13 Section 1429.13 Foreign... REQUIREMENTS Miscellaneous § 1429.13 Official time. If the participation of any employee in any phase of...

  19. 22 CFR 1429.13 - Official time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... participation, including necessary travel time, as occurs during the employee's regular work hours and when the... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true Official time. 1429.13 Section 1429.13 Foreign... REQUIREMENTS Miscellaneous § 1429.13 Official time. If the participation of any employee in any phase of...

  20. 22 CFR 1429.13 - Official time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... participation, including necessary travel time, as occurs during the employee's regular work hours and when the... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true Official time. 1429.13 Section 1429.13 Foreign... REQUIREMENTS Miscellaneous § 1429.13 Official time. If the participation of any employee in any phase of...

  1. 36 CFR 1150.77 - Official notice.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Official notice. 1150.77 Section 1150.77 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE.... Where official notice is taken or is to be taken of a material fact not appearing in the evidence...

  2. 76 FR 42767 - Management Officials Interlocks

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-19

    ... Office of Thrift Supervision Management Officials Interlocks AGENCY: Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS... Management and Budget (OMB) for review, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act. Today, OTS is soliciting...: Management Officials Interlocks. OMB Number: 1550-0051. Form Number: N/A. Description: OTS uses the...

  3. 10 CFR 603.1310 - Program official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Used in this Part § 603.1310 Program official. A Federal Government program manager, project officer, scientific officer, or other individual who is responsible for managing the technical program being carried... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Program official. 603.1310 Section 603.1310...

  4. 5 CFR 9701.523 - Official time.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Labor-Management Relations § 9701.523 Official time. (a) Any employee representing an... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Official time. 9701.523 Section 9701.523 Administrative Personnel DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT...

  5. Professional Standards for the School Business Official.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deering, Pam S.; Stevenson, Kenneth R.

    2001-01-01

    Briefly describes seven professional standards for school business officials from a document completed by professional standards committee and approved the Board of Directors of the Association of School Business Officials International in July 2001. Complete document is available on association's website at www.asbointl.org. (PKP)

  6. 20 CFR 405.360 - Official record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., written statements, certificates, reports, affidavits, medical records, and other documents that were used... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Official record. 405.360 Section 405.360... DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.360 Official record. All hearings will be...

  7. 20 CFR 405.360 - Official record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., written statements, certificates, reports, affidavits, medical records, and other documents that were used... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Official record. 405.360 Section 405.360... DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.360 Official record. All hearings will be...

  8. 20 CFR 405.360 - Official record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., written statements, certificates, reports, affidavits, medical records, and other documents that were used... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Official record. 405.360 Section 405.360... DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.360 Official record. All hearings will be...

  9. 20 CFR 405.360 - Official record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ..., written statements, certificates, reports, affidavits, medical records, and other documents that were used... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Official record. 405.360 Section 405.360... DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.360 Official record. All hearings will be...

  10. 20 CFR 405.360 - Official record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ..., written statements, certificates, reports, affidavits, medical records, and other documents that were used... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Official record. 405.360 Section 405.360... DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.360 Official record. All hearings will be...

  11. 28 CFR 345.71 - Official commendations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Official commendations. 345.71 Section 345.71 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Awards Program § 345.71 Official commendations. An inmate worker...

  12. 28 CFR 345.71 - Official commendations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Official commendations. 345.71 Section 345.71 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Awards Program § 345.71 Official commendations. An inmate worker...

  13. 28 CFR 345.71 - Official commendations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Official commendations. 345.71 Section 345.71 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Awards Program § 345.71 Official commendations. An inmate worker...

  14. 28 CFR 345.71 - Official commendations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Official commendations. 345.71 Section 345.71 Judicial Administration FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES, INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL PRISON INDUSTRIES (FPI) INMATE WORK PROGRAMS Awards Program § 345.71 Official commendations. An inmate worker...

  15. 39 CFR 262.2 - Officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Officials. 262.2 Section 262.2 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION RECORDS AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT DEFINITIONS § 262.2 Officials. (a) Chief Privacy Officer. The Chief Privacy Officer (CPO) is responsible...

  16. 39 CFR 262.2 - Officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Officials. 262.2 Section 262.2 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION RECORDS AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT DEFINITIONS § 262.2 Officials. (a) Chief Privacy Officer. The Chief Privacy Officer (CPO) is responsible...

  17. 39 CFR 262.2 - Officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Officials. 262.2 Section 262.2 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION RECORDS AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT DEFINITIONS § 262.2 Officials. (a) Chief Privacy Officer. The Chief Privacy Officer (CPO) is responsible...

  18. 39 CFR 262.2 - Officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Officials. 262.2 Section 262.2 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION RECORDS AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT DEFINITIONS § 262.2 Officials. (a) Chief Privacy Officer. The Chief Privacy Officer (CPO) is responsible...

  19. 39 CFR 262.2 - Officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Officials. 262.2 Section 262.2 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION RECORDS AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT DEFINITIONS § 262.2 Officials. (a) Chief Privacy Officer. The Chief Privacy Officer (CPO) is responsible...

  20. 9 CFR 86.4 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... interstate movement unless they are exempt from official identification requirements under 9 CFR part 79 or are officially identified after the interstate movement, as provided in 9 CFR part 79. (3) Swine... AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS ANIMAL...

  1. Professional Ethics for School Business Officials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pichel, Frank M.

    1990-01-01

    Presents a "Code of Ethics for School Administrators" and "Standards of Conduct for the Association of School Business Officials." These codes, combined with school regulations and adherence to various statutes, can provide school business officials with a sound philosophical basis for fulfilling their responsibilities. (MLF)

  2. 42 CFR 73.9 - Responsible Official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Responsible Official. 73.9 Section 73.9 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES QUARANTINE, INSPECTION, LICENSING SELECT AGENTS AND TOXINS § 73.9 Responsible Official. (a) An individual or entity required to register under this part must designate an individual...

  3. 32 CFR 720.44 - Responsible officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Responsible officials. 720.44 Section 720.44 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL; SERVICE OF PROCESS AND SUBPOENAS; PRODUCTION OF OFFICIAL RECORDS Compliance With Court Orders by Department of the Navy Members, Employees,...

  4. 10 CFR 590.314 - Presiding officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Presiding officials. 590.314 Section 590.314 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) NATURAL GAS (ECONOMIC REGULATORY ADMINISTRATION) ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF NATURAL GAS Procedures § 590.314 Presiding officials. (a)...

  5. 39 CFR 963.21 - Official record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Official record. 963.21 Section 963.21 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO VIOLATIONS OF THE PANDERING ADVERTISEMENTS STATUTE, 39 U.S.C. 3008 § 963.21 Official record. The transcript...

  6. 10 CFR 590.314 - Presiding officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Presiding officials. 590.314 Section 590.314 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) NATURAL GAS (ECONOMIC REGULATORY ADMINISTRATION) ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF NATURAL GAS Procedures § 590.314 Presiding officials. (a)...

  7. 10 CFR 590.314 - Presiding officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Presiding officials. 590.314 Section 590.314 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) NATURAL GAS (ECONOMIC REGULATORY ADMINISTRATION) ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF NATURAL GAS Procedures § 590.314 Presiding officials. (a)...

  8. 7 CFR 58.2827 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Department of Agriculture Standard for Ice Cream § 58.2827 Official identification. (a) The official symbol to be used to identify product meeting the USDA standard for ice cream shall be as follows: EC25SE91.017 (b) Ice cream manufacturing plants using this symbol shall be USDA approved as set forth...

  9. 7 CFR 58.2827 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Department of Agriculture Standard for Ice Cream § 58.2827 Official identification. (a) The official symbol to be used to identify product meeting the USDA standard for ice cream shall be as follows: EC25SE91.017 (b) Ice cream manufacturing plants using this symbol shall be USDA approved as set forth...

  10. 7 CFR 58.2827 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Department of Agriculture Standard for Ice Cream § 58.2827 Official identification. (a) The official symbol to be used to identify product meeting the USDA standard for ice cream shall be as follows: EC25SE91.017 (b) Ice cream manufacturing plants using this symbol shall be USDA approved as set forth...

  11. 7 CFR 58.2827 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Department of Agriculture Standard for Ice Cream § 58.2827 Official identification. (a) The official symbol to be used to identify product meeting the USDA standard for ice cream shall be as follows: EC25SE91.017 (b) Ice cream manufacturing plants using this symbol shall be USDA approved as set forth...

  12. 7 CFR 58.2827 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Department of Agriculture Standard for Ice Cream § 58.2827 Official identification. (a) The official symbol to be used to identify product meeting the USDA standard for ice cream shall be as follows: EC25SE91.017 (b) Ice cream manufacturing plants using this symbol shall be USDA approved as set forth...

  13. 39 CFR 954.24 - Official record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Official record. 954.24 Section 954.24 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO THE DENIAL, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION OF PERIODICALS MAIL PRIVILEGES § 954.24 Official record. The pleadings,...

  14. 39 CFR 954.24 - Official record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Official record. 954.24 Section 954.24 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO THE DENIAL, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION OF PERIODICALS MAIL PRIVILEGES § 954.24 Official record. The pleadings,...

  15. 39 CFR 954.24 - Official record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Official record. 954.24 Section 954.24 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO THE DENIAL, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION OF PERIODICALS MAIL PRIVILEGES § 954.24 Official record. The pleadings,...

  16. 39 CFR 954.24 - Official record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Official record. 954.24 Section 954.24 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO THE DENIAL, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION OF PERIODICALS MAIL PRIVILEGES § 954.24 Official record. The pleadings,...

  17. 39 CFR 954.24 - Official record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Official record. 954.24 Section 954.24 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO THE DENIAL, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION OF PERIODICALS MAIL PRIVILEGES § 954.24 Official record. The pleadings,...

  18. 42 CFR 447.90 - FFP: Conditions related to pending investigations of credible allegations of fraud against the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... of credible allegations of fraud against the Medicaid program. 447.90 Section 447.90 Public Health... § 447.90 FFP: Conditions related to pending investigations of credible allegations of fraud against the... to which there is pending an investigation of a credible allegation of fraud except under...

  19. Organizational Culture and Safety

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Adams, Catherine A.

    2003-01-01

    '..only a fool perseveres in error.' Cicero. Humans will break the most advanced technological devices and override safety and security systems if they are given the latitude. Within the workplace, the operator may be just one of several factors in causing accidents or making risky decisions. Other variables considered for their involvement in the negative and often catastrophic outcomes include the organizational context and culture. Many organizations have constructed and implemented safety programs to be assimilated into their culture to assure employee commitment and understanding of the importance of everyday safety. The purpose of this paper is to examine literature on organizational safety cultures and programs that attempt to combat vulnerability, risk taking behavior and decisions and identify the role of training in attempting to mitigate unsafe acts.

  20. Energy Organizational Planning

    SciTech Connect

    Gina C. Paradis; James Yockey; Tracey LeBeau

    2009-04-17

    As the Seneca Nation of Indians (SNI) continues to refine and finalize its Strategic Energy Plan, it became necessary to insure that a sustainable organization structure was developed through which the energy program and its initiatives could be nurtured and managed. To that end, SNI undertook a study to thoroughly evaluate the existing organizational structures and assess the requisite changes and/or additions to that framework that would complement the mission of the Strategic Plan. The goal of this study was to analyze, work with staff and leadership and recommend the most effective plan for the development of an organizational framework within which the Seneca could more effectively exercise energy sovereignty – control and manage their natural resource assets – i.e. develop its own energy resources, meet the current and projected energy needs of their community, and “sit at the table” with other regional energy providers to deal with issues on a peer-to-peer basis.

  1. Organizational Data Mining

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nemati, Hamid R.; Barko, Christopher D.

    Many organizations today possess substantial quantities of business information but have very little real business knowledge. A recent survey of 450 business executives reported that managerial intuition and instinct are more prevalent than hard facts in driving organizational decisions. To reverse this trend, businesses of all sizes would be well advised to adopt Organizational Data Mining (ODM). ODM is defined as leveraging Data Mining tools and technologies to enhance the decision-making process by transforming data into valuable and actionable knowledge to gain a competitive advantage. ODM has helped many organizations optimize internal resource allocations while better understanding and responding to the needs of their customers. The fundamental aspects of ODM can be categorized into Artificial Intelligence (AI), Information Technology (IT), and Organizational Theory (OT), with OT being the key distinction between ODM and Data Mining. In this chapter, we introduce ODM, explain its unique characteristics, and report on the current status of ODM research. Next we illustrate how several leading organizations have adopted ODM and are benefiting from it. Then we examine the evolution of ODM to the present day and conclude our chapter by contemplating ODM's challenging yet opportunistic future.

  2. Determing Credibility of Regional Simulations of Future Climate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mearns, L. O.

    2009-12-01

    Climate models have been evaluated or validated ever since they were first developed. Establishing that a climate model can reproduce (some) aspects of the current climate of the earth on various spatial and temporal scales has long been a standard procedure for providing confidence in the model's ability to simulate future climate. However, direct links between the successes and failures of models in reproducing the current climate with regard to what future climates the models simulate has been largely lacking. This is to say that the model evaluation process has been largely divorced from the projections of future climate that the models produce. This is evidenced in the separation in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) WG1 report of the chapter on evaluation of models from the chapter on future climate projections. There has also been the assumption of 'one model, one vote, that is, that each model projection is given equal weight in any multi-model ensemble presentation of the projections of future climate. There have been various attempts at determing measures of credibility that would avoid the 'ultrademocratic' assumption of the IPCC. Simple distinctions between models were made by research such as in Giorgi and Mearns (2002), Tebaldi et al., (2005), and Greene et al., (2006). But the metrics used were rather simplistic. More ambitous means of discriminating among the quality of model simulations have been made through the production of complex multivariate metrics, but insufficent work has been produced to verify that the metrics successfully discriminate in meaningful ways. Indeed it has been suggested that we really don't know what a model must successfully model to establish confidence in its regional-scale projections (Gleckler et al., 2008). Perhaps a more process oriented regional expert judgment approach is needed to understand which errors in climate models really matter for the model's response to future forcing. Such an approach

  3. Credibility engineering in the food industry: linking science, regulation, and marketing in a corporate context.

    PubMed

    Penders, Bart; Nelis, Annemiek P

    2011-12-01

    We expand upon the notion of the "credibility cycle" through a study of credibility engineering by the food industry. Research and development (R&D) as well as marketing contribute to the credibility of the food company Unilever and its claims. Innovation encompasses the development, marketing, and sales of products. These are directed towards three distinct audiences: scientific peers, regulators, and consumers. R&D uses scientific articles to create credit for itself amongst peers and regulators. These articles are used to support health claims on products. However, R&D, regulation, and marketing are not separate realms. A single strategy of credibility engineering connects health claims to a specific public through linking that public to a health issue and a food product. PMID:22397168

  4. What makes professors appear credible: The effect of demographic characteristics and ideological beliefs.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Luke Lei; Aquino, Karl; Vadera, Abhijeet K

    2016-06-01

    Five studies are conducted to examine how ideology and perceptions regarding gender, race, caste, and affiliation status affect how individuals judge researchers' credibility. Support is found for predictions that individuals judge researcher credibility according to their egalitarian or elitist ideologies and according to status cues including race, gender, caste, and university affiliation. Egalitarians evaluate low-status researchers as more credible than high-status researchers. Elitists show the opposite pattern. Credibility judgments affect whether individuals will interpret subsequent ambiguous events in accordance with the researcher's findings. Effects of diffuse status cues and ideological beliefs may be mitigated when specific status cues are presented to override stereotypes. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26949817

  5. The Relationship Between Attractiveness and Credibility of Television Commercials as Perceived by Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breen, Myles P.; Powell, Jon T.

    1973-01-01

    This study tested whether children like commercials they believe or believe commercials they like. Results indicated a moderate correlation between the perceived attractiveness and the credibility of the commercials. (CH)

  6. GUMBO: Louisiana Games Uniting Mind and Body. Official Rules, Policies and Procedures Governing Athletic Competition for the Physically Disabled. Bulletin 1830.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge.

    This resource guide for the conduct of athletic competition for physically disabled students in Louisiana includes policies and procedures for statewide implementation, official rules for competition, and copies of all forms needed for program development. The guide contains three sections. The first section covers organizational structure for…

  7. Notional Scoring for Technical Review Weighting As Applied to Simulation Credibility Assessment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hale, Joseph Peter; Hartway, Bobby; Thomas, Danny

    2008-01-01

    NASA's Modeling and Simulation Standard requires a credibility assessment for critical engineering data produced by models and simulations. Credibility assessment is thus a "qualifyingfactor" in reporting results from simulation-based analysis. The degree to which assessors should be independent of the simulation developers, users and decision makers is a recurring question. This paper provides alternative "weighting algorithms" for calculating the value-added for independence of the levels of technical review defined for the NASA Modeling and Simulation Standard.

  8. Organizational cynicism: bases and consequences.

    PubMed

    Abraham, R

    2000-08-01

    Organizational cynicism is the belief that an organization lacks integrity, which, when coupled with a powerful negative emotional reaction, leads to disparaging and critical behavior. In this article, the author attempts to theoretically clarify the process by which five forms of cynicism develop in the workplace and to empirically relate them to affective outcomes. Societal, employee, and organizational change cynicisms may be attributed to psychological contract violations; work cynicism may be related to burnout; and person-role conflict and personality cynicism may be related to innate hostility. Empirically, personality cynicism emerged as the strongest predictor of organizational cynicism, adversely affecting all of the criteria. Other forms of cynicism had more selective effects. Organizational change cynicism induced job dissatisfaction and alienation, and employee cynicism affected organizational commitment. Societal cynicism actually increased both job satisfaction and commitment. Both personality and work cynicisms were related to organizational citizenship indirectly, through alienation. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. PMID:10950198

  9. Error analysis using organizational simulation.

    PubMed Central

    Fridsma, D. B.

    2000-01-01

    Organizational simulations have been used by project organizations in civil and aerospace industries to identify work processes and organizational structures that are likely to fail under certain conditions. Using a simulation system based on Galbraith's information-processing theory and Simon's notion of bounded-rationality, we retrospectively modeled a chemotherapy administration error that occurred in a hospital setting. Our simulation suggested that when there is a high rate of unexpected events, the oncology fellow was differentially backlogged with work when compared with other organizational members. Alternative scenarios suggested that providing more knowledge resources to the oncology fellow improved her performance more effectively than adding additional staff to the organization. Although it is not possible to know whether this might have prevented the error, organizational simulation may be an effective tool to prospectively evaluate organizational "weak links", and explore alternative scenarios to correct potential organizational problems before they generate errors. PMID:11079885

  10. Significance of model credibility in estimating climate projection distributions for regional hydroclimatological risk assessments

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Brekke, L.D.; Dettinger, M.D.; Maurer, E.P.; Anderson, M.

    2008-01-01

    Ensembles of historical climate simulations and climate projections from the World Climate Research Programme's (WCRP's) Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 3 (CMIP3) multi-model dataset were investigated to determine how model credibility affects apparent relative scenario likelihoods in regional risk assessments. Methods were developed and applied in a Northern California case study. An ensemble of 59 twentieth century climate simulations from 17 WCRP CMIP3 models was analyzed to evaluate relative model credibility associated with a 75-member projection ensemble from the same 17 models. Credibility was assessed based on how models realistically reproduced selected statistics of historical climate relevant to California climatology. Metrics of this credibility were used to derive relative model weights leading to weight-threshold culling of models contributing to the projection ensemble. Density functions were then estimated for two projected quantities (temperature and precipitation), with and without considering credibility-based ensemble reductions. An analysis for Northern California showed that, while some models seem more capable at recreating limited aspects twentieth century climate, the overall tendency is for comparable model performance when several credibility measures are combined. Use of these metrics to decide which models to include in density function development led to local adjustments to function shapes, but led to limited affect on breadth and central tendency, which were found to be more influenced by 'completeness' of the original ensemble in terms of models and emissions pathways. ?? 2007 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

  11. Can Simulation Credibility Be Improved Using Sensitivity Analysis to Understand Input Data Effects on Model Outcome?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Myers, Jerry G.; Young, M.; Goodenow, Debra A.; Keenan, A.; Walton, M.; Boley, L.

    2015-01-01

    Model and simulation (MS) credibility is defined as, the quality to elicit belief or trust in MS results. NASA-STD-7009 [1] delineates eight components (Verification, Validation, Input Pedigree, Results Uncertainty, Results Robustness, Use History, MS Management, People Qualifications) that address quantifying model credibility, and provides guidance to the model developers, analysts, and end users for assessing the MS credibility. Of the eight characteristics, input pedigree, or the quality of the data used to develop model input parameters, governing functions, or initial conditions, can vary significantly. These data quality differences have varying consequences across the range of MS application. NASA-STD-7009 requires that the lowest input data quality be used to represent the entire set of input data when scoring the input pedigree credibility of the model. This requirement provides a conservative assessment of model inputs, and maximizes the communication of the potential level of risk of using model outputs. Unfortunately, in practice, this may result in overly pessimistic communication of the MS output, undermining the credibility of simulation predictions to decision makers. This presentation proposes an alternative assessment mechanism, utilizing results parameter robustness, also known as model input sensitivity, to improve the credibility scoring process for specific simulations.

  12. 75 FR 61512 - Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagrams

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-05

    ... Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement Outer Continental Shelf Official... Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagrams (OPDs) located within Atlantic Ocean areas, with... informational purposes only. Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagrams in the North Atlantic,...

  13. Credibility of Uncertainty Analyses for 131-I Pathway Assessments

    SciTech Connect

    Hoffman, F O.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Apostoaei, A. I.; Beck, Harold L.; Bouville, A; Napier, Bruce A.; Simon, Steven L.

    2004-05-01

    We would like to make your readers aware of numerous concerns we have with respect to the paper by A. A. Simpkins and D. M. Hamby on Uncertainty in transport factors used to calculate historic dose from 131I releases at the Savannah River Site. The paper by Simpkins and Hamby concludes by saying their uncertainty analysis would add credibility to current dose reconstruction efforts of public exposures to historic releases of 131I from the operations at the Savannah River Site, yet we have found their paper to be afflicted with numerous errors in assumptions and methodology, which in turn lead to grossly misleading conclusions. Perhaps the most egregious errors are their conclusions, which state that: a. the vegetable pathway, not the ingestion of fresh milk, was the main contributor to thyroid dose for exposure to 131I (even though dietary intake of vegetables was less in the past than at present), and b. the probability distribution assigned to the fraction of iodine released in the elemental form (Uniform 0, 0.6) is responsible for 64.6% of the total uncertainty in thyroid dose, given a unit release of 131I to the atmosphere. The assumptions used in the paper by Simpkins and Hamby lead to a large overestimate of the contamination of vegetables by airborne 131I. The interception by leafy and non-leafy vegetables of freshly deposited 131I is known to be highly dependent on the growth form of the crop and the standing crop biomass of leafy material. Unrealistic assumptions are made for losses of 131I from food processing, preparation, and storage prior to human consumption. These assumptions tend to bias their conclusions toward an overestimate of the amount of 131I retained by vegetation prior to consumption. For example, the generic assumption of a 6-d hold-up time is used for the loss from radioactive decay for the time period from harvest to human consumption of fruits, vegetables, and grains. We anticipate hold-up times of many weeks, if not months, between

  14. 39 CFR 3002.3 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Commission. (b) Description. (1) On a gold color (yellow) pentagon device, the base-line formed as a “V... Commission” and the date “2006”, all in gold (yellow). (2) The official seal of the Postal...

  15. 39 CFR 3002.3 - Official seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Commission. (b) Description. (1) On a gold color (yellow) pentagon device, the base-line formed as a “V... Commission” and the date “2006”, all in gold (yellow). (2) The official seal of the Postal...

  16. 7 CFR 62.213 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES (QUALITY SYSTEMS VERIFICATION PROGRAMS) Quality Systems Verification Programs Definitions Service § 62.213 Official identification. The following, as shown in figure 1,...

  17. 7 CFR 62.213 - Official identification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES (QUALITY SYSTEMS VERIFICATION PROGRAMS) Quality Systems Verification Programs Definitions Service § 62.213 Official identification. The following, as shown in figure 1,...

  18. Miami's Zika Infections Up to 14: Officials

    MedlinePlus

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_160177.html Miami's Zika Infections Up to 14: Officials Health experts warn ... number of local transmissions of the mosquito-borne Zika virus in South Florida has apparently increased to ...

  19. Officials: Aerial Spraying Working Against Miami Mosquitoes

    MedlinePlus

    ... Officials: Aerial Spraying Working Against Miami Mosquitoes The insects are to blame for first cases of Zika ... mosquitoes in a part of Miami where the insects have been linked to 16 cases of Zika ...

  20. Official portrait of astronaut Richard N. Richards

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1989-01-01

    Official portrait of Richard N. Richards, United States Navy (USN) Captain, member of Astronaut Class 9 (1980), and space shuttle pilot. Richards wears a blue pressure suit with space shuttle orbiter model displayed on table on his left.

  1. Official portrait of astronaut Charles J. Precourt

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    Official portrait of astronaut Charles J. Precourt. Precourt, a member of Astronaut Class 13 and United States Air Force (USAF), wears blue flight suit and poses with space shuttle orbiter model with a United States flag creating the backdrop.

  2. Official portrait Astronaut Ellison S. Onizuka

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    Official portrait of Astronaut Ellison S. Onizuka in the blue shuttle flight suit with an American flag in the background. There is a small model of the shuttle and a helmet on the table in front of him.

  3. 7 CFR 54.14 - Official certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) MEATS, PREPARED MEATS, AND MEAT PRODUCTS (GRADING, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) Regulations Service § 54.14 Official...

  4. A Better Handoff for Code Officials

    SciTech Connect

    Conover, David R.; Yerkes, Sara

    2010-09-24

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Building Energy Codes Program has partnered with ICC to release the new Building Energy Codes Resource Guide: Code Officials Edition. We created this binder of practical materials for a simple reason: code officials are busy learning and enforcing several codes at once for the diverse buildings across their jurisdictions. This doesn’t leave much time to search www.energycodes.gov, www.iccsafe.org, or the range of other helpful web-based resources for the latest energy codes tools, support, and information. So, we decided to bring the most relevant materials to code officials in a way that works best with their daily routine, and point to where they can find even more. Like a coach’s game plan, the Resource Guide is an "energy playbook" for code officials.

  5. 7 CFR 54.14 - Official certificates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) MEATS, PREPARED MEATS, AND MEAT PRODUCTS (GRADING, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) Regulations Service § 54.14 Official...

  6. The Effects of Organizational Training on Organizational Commitment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bulut, Cagri; Culha, Osman

    2010-01-01

    This empirical study investigated the impact of organizational training on employee commitment focusing on employees' emotional and affective responses towards their organization. Organizational training is conceptualized within a multidimensional framework consisting of motivation for training, access to training, benefits from training and…

  7. The Importance of Organizational Learning for Organizational Sustainability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Peter A. C.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This Special Issue is intended to heighten awareness of the importance of organizational learning in addressing the demands of organizational sustainability, and in particular triple bottom line (TBL) sustainability. A definition of TBL sustainability is provided, together with an exploration of the practical issues relevant to adopting…

  8. The Relationship between Organizational Commitment and Organizational Climate in Manufacturing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMurray, Adela J.; Scott, D. R.; Pace, R. Wayne

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between organizational commitment and organizational climate. Subjects were chosen from three large Australian automotive component manufacturing companies. A questionnaire was administered to 1,413 employees from forty-two countries of origin. A 97.8 percent response rate yielded 1,382…

  9. The Relationship between Perceived Organizational Support and Teachers' Organizational Commitment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nayir, Funda

    2012-01-01

    Problem Statement: It can be said that one of the key factors ensuring teachers adaptation to developments is teachers' level of commitment to their schools. In this commitment, the teacher is expected to internalize the organizational objectives. The teacher's perception of organizational support is important for him to internalize the…

  10. Perceptions of Organizational Effectiveness over Organizational Life Cycles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cameron, Kim S.; Whetten, David A.

    1981-01-01

    Student participants at two universities played multisession simulation games involving the development of 18 organizations. Post-session surveys of 583 participants indicated that organizational effectiveness became more important to participants as the organizations developed. This suggests that future organizational effectiveness studies should…

  11. Who's on Second: Report of a CAUBO Special Project on the Examination of Alternative University Organizational Structures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tracz, George S.

    The university as a system of formal authority is considered in the Canadian context. The structure of the 27 largest Canadian universities (ranked by operating income) is analyzed with reference to their organizational charts. It is assumed that the structure symbolizes an official style of authority and responsibility reflected by the number of…

  12. [Developing the hospital's mission to facilitate organizational change: limits and possibilities].

    PubMed

    de Oliviera Cecilio, L C

    2000-01-01

    The author begins by discussing the field of General Administration Theory vis-à-vis the defining role of "organizational goals" within an overall change process in organizations. While admitting the validity of some challenges raised by certain authors who deny the possibility of establishing a "single" direction for the organization by explicitly outlining its formal or official goals, the author presents and discusses his experience in defining the mission in the health sector as a way to implement organizational goals. This definition is meant as a strategy to improve communications among health team members and to a culture of responsibility when dealing with health service users. PMID:11175521

  13. Organizational Climate and Teacher Commitment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Douglas, Stephen Michael

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the relationship of school climate and teacher commitment in elementary schools in Alabama. A total of 67 elementary schools were surveyed and 1353 teachers voluntarily participated in the study. The instruments used in this study were the Organizational Climate Index (OCI) and the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ).…

  14. Operations Technology and Organizational Structure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piernot, Craig A.; Mileti, Dennis S.

    This paper reviews and synthesizes the literature relating operations technology to organizational structure and offers a refined definition of operations technology that is intended to facilitate the comparison of different organizational types. The authors present a theoretical model that imposes consistency on the existing literature and…

  15. Organizational Learning through Transformational Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Imran, Muhammad Kashif; Ilyas, Muhammad; Aslam, Usman; Ubaid-Ur-Rahman

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The transformation of firms from resource-based-view to knowledge-based-view has extended the importance of organizational learning. Thus, this study aims to develop an organizational learning model through transformational leadership with indirect effect of knowledge management process capability and interactive role of…

  16. Organizational Learning and School Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silins, Halia Claudia; Mulford, William Richard; Zarins, Silja

    2002-01-01

    Examines nature of organizational learning and leadership practices and processes that foster organizational learning in Australian high schools. Uses a path model to test relationships between school-level factors and school outcome measures in terms of students' participation in and engagement with school. Discusses importance of…

  17. Organizational Change as Paradigm Shift.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simsek, Hasan; Louis, Karen Seashore

    1994-01-01

    A model of organizational change is applied to long-term planning at the University of Minnesota. Results suggest that, although planning began in the 1970s, the 1980s saw a model change that increased centralization in strategic orientation and a reduction in size and programs. Implications for organizational research are examined. (Author/MSE)

  18. Organizational Learning in Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tas, Ali

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to make suggestions for primary schools to become organizational learning environments, by searching the relationship between the characteristics and behaviors of school administrators and the formation of an organizational learning environment in primary schools. The author used a survey model in this research and…

  19. Organizational Commitment as Symbolic Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larkey, Linda; Morrill, Calvin

    1995-01-01

    Offers a processual (sic) approach suited to the complex nature of organizational commitment during times of radical change. Emphasizes commitment as communication processes that are integrally tied to the creation of organizational cultures, involve identification via symbolic processes, and encompass various degrees of linkages between…

  20. The Effect of Organizational Justice and Perceived Organizational Support on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Organizational Identification

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demir, Kamile

    2015-01-01

    Problem of Study: Research on social exchange relationships does not take into account another vital component of organizational life--namely an individual's sense of belonging and identity. Organizational identification is one of the most crucial factors holding employees together and keeping them committed to the organization. Many studies…

  1. Organizational Conflict: Causes and Manifestations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sacks, Eugene

    1979-01-01

    No group (within an organization) can be entirely harmonious, but conflict is not an altogether disruptive factor. A delicate balance is required to obtain the advantages and restrict the disadvantages of organizational conflict. The causes and forms of organizational conflict are examined. (JMD)

  2. The Nature of Organizational Politics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Belinda K.; Carpenter, D. Stanley

    1993-01-01

    Examines the role organizational politics play in student affairs. Sees background knowledge of politics as a concept critical to understanding idiosyncratic nature of any organization. Notes that both organizational conditions and individual behavior contribute to organization's political climate. Concludes that professionals who fail to…

  3. Role Clarity and Organizational Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Posner, Barry Z.; Butterfield, D. Anthony

    1978-01-01

    Role clarity was examined in terms of its relationship with personal outcomes and organizational effectiveness. Organizational level as moderator of such relationship was also investigated. Hypotheses based on prior research were confirmed. Role clarity was positively related to perceptions of job satisfaction, personal influence, organizational…

  4. Source Credibility and the Biasing Effect of Narrative Information on the Perception of Vaccination Risks.

    PubMed

    Haase, Niels; Betsch, Cornelia; Renkewitz, Frank

    2015-08-01

    Immunization rates are below the Global Immunization Vision and Strategy established by the World Health Organization. One reason for this are anti-vaccination activists, who use the Internet to disseminate their agenda, frequently by publishing narrative reports about alleged vaccine adverse events. In health communication, the use of narrative information has been shown to be effectively persuasive. Furthermore, persuasion research indicates that the credibility of an information source may serve as a cue to discount or augment the communicated message. Thus, the present study investigated the effect of source credibility on the biasing effect of narrative information regarding the perception of vaccination risks. 265 participants were provided with statistical information (20%) regarding the occurrence of vaccine adverse events after vaccination against a fictitious disease. This was followed by 20 personalized narratives from an online forum on vaccination experiences. The authors varied the relative frequency of narratives reporting vaccine adverse events (35% vs. 85%), narrative source credibility (anti-vaccination website vs. neutral health forum), and the credibility of the statistical information (reliable data vs. unreliable data vs. control) in a between-subjects design. Results showed a stable narrative bias on risk perception that was not affected by credibility cues. However, narratives from an anti-vaccination website generally led to lower perceptions of vaccination risks. PMID:26065492

  5. Implications of televised news coverage of global warming for organizational decisions

    SciTech Connect

    Nitz, M.

    1997-12-31

    Television is an important source of information for political issues in the eyes of many people. This also holds true for environmental issues. Television news is also deemed more credible than print news because {open_quotes}seeing is believing{close_quotes}. This research is also buttressed by evidence that one of the primary conversation topics among individuals is television content. So how well does television cover global warming? Unfortunately, previous research indicates that television news suffers from some serious inadequacies in its portrayal of global warming issues. This paper examines the potential impact of this coverage on organizational decisions. Organizations include businesses, government agencies, environmental action groups, media organizations, and other parties interested with the environment. The paper proposes framing theory and involvement theory as springboards for organizational decision-making.

  6. Credibility of science communication: An exploratory study of astronomy press releases

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nielsen, L. H.; Torpe Jørgensen, N.; Jantzen, K.; Christensen, L. L.

    2008-06-01

    Current developments in the media marketplace and an increased need for visibility to secure funding are leading inevitably to faster, simpler and more aggressive science communication. This article presents the results of an exploratory study of potential credibility problems in astronomy press releases, their causes, consequences and possible remedies. The study consisted of eleven open-ended interviews with journalists, scientists and public information officers. Results suggest that credibility issues are central to communication, deeply integrated into the workflow and can have severe consequences for the actors (especially the scientist), but are an unavoidable part of the communication process. In general a major credibility problem was not found to exist for astronomical press releases.

  7. Credibility of the emotional witness: a study of ratings by court judges.

    PubMed

    Wessel, Ellen; Drevland, Guri C B; Eilertsen, Dag Erik; Magnussen, Svein

    2006-04-01

    Previous studies have shown that the emotional behavior displayed during testimony may affect the perceived credibility of the witness. The present study compares credibility ratings by Norwegian court judges with those made by lay people. The participants viewed one of three video-recorded versions of a rape victim's statement, role played by a professional actress. The statement was given in a free-recall manner with one of three kinds of emotions displayed, termed congruent, neutral, and incongruent emotional expression. The results show that, in contrast to lay people, the credibility ratings of court judges and their votes for a guilty verdict were not influenced by the emotions displayed by the witness. Results are discussed in terms of professional expertise. PMID:16786408

  8. 76 FR 63654 - Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram, Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official Outer...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-13

    ... Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram, Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official Outer Continental Shelf Block Diagrams AGENCY: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), Interior. ACTION: Availability of revised North American Datum of 1927 (NAD 27) Outer Continental...

  9. 31 CFR 0.104 - Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Standards and Treasury Supplemental Standards and Rules. See 5 CFR 2638.203. The Senior Counsel for Ethics... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official. 0.104 Section 0.104 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of...

  10. 31 CFR 0.104 - Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Standards and Treasury Supplemental Standards and Rules. See 5 CFR 2638.203. The Senior Counsel for Ethics... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official. 0.104 Section 0.104 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of...

  11. 31 CFR 0.104 - Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Standards and Treasury Supplemental Standards and Rules. See 5 CFR 2638.203. The Senior Counsel for Ethics... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official. 0.104 Section 0.104 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of...

  12. 31 CFR 0.104 - Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Standards and Treasury Supplemental Standards and Rules. See 5 CFR 2638.203. The Senior Counsel for Ethics... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official. 0.104 Section 0.104 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of...

  13. 31 CFR 0.104 - Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Standards and Treasury Supplemental Standards and Rules. See 5 CFR 2638.203. The Senior Counsel for Ethics... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official. 0.104 Section 0.104 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of...

  14. 9 CFR 325.7 - Shipment of products requiring special supervision between official establishments under official...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Shipment of products requiring special supervision between official establishments under official seal; certificate. 325.7 Section 325.7 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION...

  15. 22 CFR 521.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Review by the reviewing official. 521.5 Section... REMEDIES ACT § 521.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 521.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to...

  16. 20 CFR 355.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 355.5... reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 355.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that a person is liable under §...

  17. 6 CFR 13.5 - Review by the Reviewing Official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the Reviewing Official. 13.5 Section... REMEDIES § 13.5 Review by the Reviewing Official. (a) If, based on the report of the Investigating Official under § 13.4(b), the Reviewing Official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that...

  18. 31 CFR 16.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 16... IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 16.4(b), the reviewing official...

  19. 39 CFR 273.6 - Evaluation by reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Evaluation by reviewing official. 273.6 Section... PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 273.6 Evaluation by reviewing official. (a) Based upon the investigatory report prepared by the Investigating Official, the Reviewing Official shall determine...

  20. 15 CFR 25.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 25.5... § 25.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 25.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that...

  1. 22 CFR 224.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 224.5 Section... REMEDIES ACT § 224.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 224.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to...

  2. 12 CFR 308.504 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 308.504... reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 308.503(b) of this subpart, the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that a person...

  3. 10 CFR 13.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 13.5 Section 13.5 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 13.4(b), the reviewing official...

  4. 28 CFR 71.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 71.5... Justice § 71.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 71.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that...

  5. 43 CFR 35.5 - Review by reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Review by reviewing official. 35.5 Section... FRAUDULENT CLAIMS AND STATEMENTS § 35.5 Review by reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 35.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence...

  6. 22 CFR 35.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 35.5 Section... § 35.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 35.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that...

  7. 5 CFR 185.105 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 185.105... FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.105 Review by the reviewing official. If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 185.104(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence...

  8. 49 CFR 31.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 31.5 Section 31... Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 31.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that a person...

  9. 14 CFR 1264.104 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 1264.104... PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL PENALTIES ACT OF 1986 § 1264.104 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 1264.103(b), the reviewing official determines...

  10. 10 CFR 1013.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 1013.5 Section 1013.5... Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 1013.4(b) of this part, the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe...

  11. 34 CFR 33.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 33.5 Section 33.5... the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 33.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that a person is liable under §...

  12. 7 CFR 1.305 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 1.305 Section 1.305... Administrative Hearings Under the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1986 § 1.305 Review by the reviewing official. (a) Upon receipt of the report of the investigating official, the reviewing official may...

  13. 45 CFR 79.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 79.5 Section 79... REMEDIES § 79.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 79.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that...

  14. 22 CFR 2.3 - Notification of foreign officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notification of foreign officials. 2.3 Section 2.3 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL PROTECTION OF FOREIGN DIGNITARIES AND OTHER OFFICIAL PERSONNEL § 2.3 Notification of foreign officials. (a) Any notification of a foreign official...

  15. 9 CFR 312.9 - Official detention marks and devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Official detention marks and devices... INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION OFFICIAL MARKS, DEVICES AND CERTIFICATES § 312.9 Official detention marks and devices. The official mark for articles and livestock detained under part 329 of this subchapter shall...

  16. 9 CFR 312.9 - Official detention marks and devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official detention marks and devices... INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION OFFICIAL MARKS, DEVICES AND CERTIFICATES § 312.9 Official detention marks and devices. The official mark for articles and livestock detained under part 329 of this subchapter shall...

  17. 9 CFR 312.9 - Official detention marks and devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Official detention marks and devices... INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION OFFICIAL MARKS, DEVICES AND CERTIFICATES § 312.9 Official detention marks and devices. The official mark for articles and livestock detained under part 329 of this subchapter shall...

  18. 9 CFR 312.9 - Official detention marks and devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Official detention marks and devices... INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION OFFICIAL MARKS, DEVICES AND CERTIFICATES § 312.9 Official detention marks and devices. The official mark for articles and livestock detained under part 329 of this subchapter shall...

  19. 9 CFR 312.9 - Official detention marks and devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Official detention marks and devices... INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION OFFICIAL MARKS, DEVICES AND CERTIFICATES § 312.9 Official detention marks and devices. The official mark for articles and livestock detained under part 329 of this subchapter shall...

  20. Officiating Classes as Part of the Physical Education Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Kathryn L.

    Two surveys were conducted to find the availability of officiating classes in colleges across the nation, to share information about the organization of these officiating classes, and to find the methods by which officials first learn how to officiate. The first survey was directed toward colleges with professional physical education programs. Of…

  1. 12 CFR 905.26 - Official logo and seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Official logo and seal. 905.26 Section 905.26... OPERATIONS DESCRIPTION OF ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS Miscellaneous § 905.26 Official logo and seal. This... as the official seal used to certify and authenticate official documents of the Board of...

  2. 12 CFR 905.26 - Official logo and seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Official logo and seal. 905.26 Section 905.26... OPERATIONS DESCRIPTION OF ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS Miscellaneous § 905.26 Official logo and seal. This... as the official seal used to certify and authenticate official documents of the Board of...

  3. 12 CFR 1700.3 - Official logo and seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Official logo and seal. 1700.3 Section 1700.3... DEVELOPMENT OFHEO ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS § 1700.3 Official logo and seal. The..., and signage. The logo serves as the official seal to authenticate official documents of the Agency....

  4. 12 CFR 1700.3 - Official logo and seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Official logo and seal. 1700.3 Section 1700.3... DEVELOPMENT OFHEO ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS § 1700.3 Official logo and seal. The..., and signage. The logo serves as the official seal to authenticate official documents of the Agency....

  5. 12 CFR 1200.3 - Official logo and seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Official logo and seal. 1200.3 Section 1200.3... § 1200.3 Official logo and seal. This section describes and displays the logo adopted by the Director as... signage. The logo serves as the official seal to certify and authenticate official documents of the...

  6. 12 CFR 1200.3 - Official logo and seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Official logo and seal. 1200.3 Section 1200.3... § 1200.3 Official logo and seal. This section describes and displays the logo adopted by the Director as... signage. The logo serves as the official seal to certify and authenticate official documents of the...

  7. 12 CFR 905.26 - Official logo and seal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official logo and seal. 905.26 Section 905.26... OPERATIONS DESCRIPTION OF ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS Miscellaneous § 905.26 Official logo and seal. This... as the official seal used to certify and authenticate official documents of the Board of...

  8. Official English and English Plus: An Update. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewelling, Vickie W.

    This digest provides an overview of the opposing sides in the Official English debate--Official English and English Plus. Proponents of Official English seek to make English the official language of the United States through passage of a constitutional amendment. The movement is spearheaded by two groups, U.S. English and English First. Official…

  9. 22 CFR 41.23 - Accredited officials in transit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Foreign Government Officials § 41.23 Accredited officials in transit. An accredited official of a foreign government intending to proceed in immediate and continuous... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Accredited officials in transit. 41.23...

  10. 22 CFR 41.23 - Accredited officials in transit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Foreign Government Officials § 41.23 Accredited officials in transit. An accredited official of a foreign government intending to proceed in immediate and continuous... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Accredited officials in transit. 41.23...

  11. 22 CFR 41.22 - Officials of foreign governments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Officials of foreign governments. 41.22 Section... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Foreign Government Officials § 41.22 Officials of foreign governments. (a) Criteria for classification of foreign government officials. (1) An alien is classifiable...

  12. 22 CFR 41.22 - Officials of foreign governments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Officials of foreign governments. 41.22 Section... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Foreign Government Officials § 41.22 Officials of foreign governments. (a) Criteria for classification of foreign government officials. (1) An alien is classifiable...

  13. 21 CFR 20.89 - Communications with foreign government officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Communications with foreign government officials... government officials. Communications with foreign government officials shall have the same status as... purposes by foreign government officials who perform counterpart functions to the Food and...

  14. 21 CFR 20.89 - Communications with foreign government officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Communications with foreign government officials... government officials. Communications with foreign government officials shall have the same status as... purposes by foreign government officials who perform counterpart functions to the Food and...

  15. 21 CFR 20.89 - Communications with foreign government officials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Communications with foreign government officials... government officials. Communications with foreign government officials shall have the same status as... purposes by foreign government officials who perform counterpart functions to the Food and...

  16. A Personality Profile of Southeastern Conference Football Officials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ittenbach, Richard F.; Eller, Ben F.

    Despite the importance of officiating, there is little information available on how major college football officials view their sport, themselves, and their role as officials. Southeastern Conference (SEC) football officials (N=39) responded to a survey packet consisting of the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) and a four-page profile of…

  17. 41 CFR 105-68.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Debarring official. 105... Administration 68-GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 105-68.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment....

  18. 5 CFR 890.1010 - Debarring official's decision of contest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Debarring official's decision of contest... Against Health Care Providers Mandatory Debarments § 890.1010 Debarring official's decision of contest. (a... debarment. (b) Debarring official's decision. The debarring official shall issue a written decision,...

  19. 41 CFR 105-68.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Debarring official. 105... Administration 68-GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 105-68.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment....

  20. 41 CFR 105-68.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Debarring official. 105... Administration 68-GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 105-68.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment....

  1. 41 CFR 105-68.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Debarring official. 105... Administration 68-GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 105-68.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment....

  2. 41 CFR 105-68.935 - Debarring official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Debarring official. 105... Administration 68-GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 105-68.935 Debarring official. (a) Debarring official means an agency official who is authorized to impose debarment....

  3. 5 CFR 890.1010 - Debarring official's decision of contest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Debarring official's decision of contest... Against Health Care Providers Mandatory Debarments § 890.1010 Debarring official's decision of contest. (a... debarment. (b) Debarring official's decision. The debarring official shall issue a written decision,...

  4. 5 CFR 890.1010 - Debarring official's decision of contest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Debarring official's decision of contest... Against Health Care Providers Mandatory Debarments § 890.1010 Debarring official's decision of contest. (a... debarment. (b) Debarring official's decision. The debarring official shall issue a written decision,...

  5. 5 CFR 890.1010 - Debarring official's decision of contest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Debarring official's decision of contest... Against Health Care Providers Mandatory Debarments § 890.1010 Debarring official's decision of contest. (a... debarment. (b) Debarring official's decision. The debarring official shall issue a written decision,...

  6. Source attribution and credibility of health and appearance exercise advertisements: relationship with implicit and explicit attitudes and intentions.

    PubMed

    Berry, Tanya R; Shields, Chris

    2014-02-01

    The relationship of attributed source (commercial or nonprofit) and credibility of exercise advertisements to explicit and implicit exercise-related attitudes and intentions was examined. Male and female participants (N = 227) were randomly assigned to watch health or appearance-related advertisements and then completed an implicit attitudes task and questionnaires. Health advertisements and those attributed to a nonprofit source were rated more credible. Appearance condition participants who attributed the advertisement to a nonprofit source also rated the advertisement as more credible. Participants who rated a commercial advertisement as credible reported higher implicit instrumental attitudes. Implications for exercise promotion are discussed. PMID:23300047

  7. Machine learning methods for credibility assessment of interviewees based on posturographic data.

    PubMed

    Saripalle, Sashi K; Vemulapalli, Spandana; King, Gregory W; Burgoon, Judee K; Derakhshani, Reza

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses the advantages of using posturographic signals from force plates for non-invasive credibility assessment. The contributions of our work are two fold: first, the proposed method is highly efficient and non invasive. Second, feasibility for creating an autonomous credibility assessment system using machine-learning algorithms is studied. This study employs an interview paradigm that includes subjects responding with truthful and deceptive intent while their center of pressure (COP) signal is being recorded. Classification models utilizing sets of COP features for deceptive responses are derived and best accuracy of 93.5% for test interval is reported. PMID:26737832

  8. The Maturing of Hormesis as a Credible Dose-Response Model

    PubMed Central

    Calabrese, Edward J.

    2003-01-01

    Hormesis is a dose-response phenomenon that has received little recognition, credibility and acceptance as evidenced by its absence from major toxicological/risk assessment texts, governmental regulatory dose-response modeling for risk assessment, and non-visibility in major professional toxicological society national meetings. This paper traces the historical evolution of the hormetic dose-response hypothesis, why this model is not only credible but also more common than the widely accepted threshold model in direct comparative evaluation, and how the toxicological community made a critical error in rejecting hormesis, a rejection sustained over 70 years. PMID:19330138

  9. Verification, Validation and Credibility Assessment of a Computational Model of the Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Werner, C. R.; Humphreys, B. T.; Mulugeta, L.

    2014-01-01

    The Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED) is the resistive exercise device used by astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) to mitigate bone loss and muscle atrophy due to extended exposure to microgravity (micro g). The Digital Astronaut Project (DAP) has developed a multi-body dynamics model of biomechanics models for use in spaceflight exercise physiology research and operations. In an effort to advance model maturity and credibility of the ARED model, the DAP performed verification, validation and credibility (VV and C) assessment of the analyses of the model in accordance to NASA-STD-7009 'Standards for Models and Simulations'.

  10. Exploring Effective Communication for Organizational Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nordin, Eric John

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to explore experiences and perceptions of organizational leaders regarding organizational change communication to improve change results in an organizational setting. Building on a conceptual framework of organizational theory, 25 full-time online faculty at an institution of higher learning in the southwestern…

  11. Organizational Behavior: A Review of the Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bobbitt, H. Randolph, Jr.; Behling, Orlando C.

    1981-01-01

    Organizational behavior is defined and its micro and macro subdivisions described. Leavitt's model for organizational change (task, technology, structure, and people) is employed to extract meanings from the organizational behavior literature. A diagnostic approach is suggested for applying organizational behavior to the practice of higher…

  12. 9 CFR 54.11 - Approval of laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Approval of laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests. 54.11 Section 54.11 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL... laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests. (a) State, Federal, and...

  13. 9 CFR 54.11 - Approval of laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Approval of laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests. 54.11 Section 54.11 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL... laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests. (a) State, Federal, and...

  14. 9 CFR 54.11 - Approval of laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Approval of laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests. 54.11 Section 54.11 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL... laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests. (a) State, Federal, and...

  15. 9 CFR 54.11 - Approval of laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Approval of laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests. 54.11 Section 54.11 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL... laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests. (a) State, Federal, and...

  16. 9 CFR 54.11 - Approval of laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Approval of laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests. 54.11 Section 54.11 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL... laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests. (a) State, Federal, and...

  17. Toward an organizational cognitive neuroscience.

    PubMed

    Butler, Michael J R; Senior, Carl

    2007-11-01

    The research strategy adopted in this article is to connect two different discourses and the ideas, methods, and outputs they contain-these being cognitive neuroscience and organization theory. The main contribution of the article is to present an agenda for the field of organizational cognitive neuroscience. We define what is meant by the term, outline its background, identify why it is important as a new research direction, and then conclude by drawing on Damasio's levels of life regulation as a framework to bind together existing organizational cognitive neuroscience. The article begins by setting the wider debate behind the emergence of organizational cognitive neuroscience by revisiting the nature-nurture debate and uses Pinker to demonstrate that the connection between mind and matter has not been resolved, that new directions are opening up to better understand human nature, and that organizational cognitive neuroscience is one fruitful path forward. PMID:17717101

  18. Creating a winning organizational culture.

    PubMed

    Campbell, Robert James

    2009-01-01

    This article explores the idea of how to create a winning organizational culture. By definition, a winning organizational culture is one that is able to make current innovations stick, while continuously changing based on the demands of the marketplace. More importantly, the article explores the notion that a winning organizational culture can have a profound impact on the conscious of the workforce, helping each individual to become a better, more productive person, who provides important services and products to the community. To form a basis toward defining the structure of what a winning organization culture looks like, 4 experts were asked 12 questions related to the development of an organizational culture. Three of the experts have worked intimately within the health care industry, while a fourth has been charged with turning around an organization that has had a losing culture for 17 years. The article provides insight into the role that values, norms, goals, leadership style, familiarity, and hiring practices play in developing a winning organizational culture. The article also emphasizes the important role that leaders perform in developing an organizational culture. PMID:19910709

  19. 9 CFR 121.9 - Responsible official.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Responsible official. 121.9 Section 121.9 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS POSSESSION, USE, AND TRANSFER OF SELECT AGENTS AND TOXINS § 121.9...

  20. Savant officials in the Prussian mining administration.

    PubMed

    Klein, Ursula

    2012-07-01

    In the second half of the eighteenth century, the Prussian State supported savants who combined learned inquiry into nature with technical work. Members of the physical and mathematical classes of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences were involved in State projects such as surveying for the construction of canals, chemical analysis of Silesian iron, production of porcelain and of beet sugar. Some of these men were truly 'hybrid' experts living both in the worlds of State-directed manufacture and academic natural inquiry. Among these savant experts there was a particular sub-group that is at the centre of this paper: mining officials who were also recognized as mineralogists, geologists and chemists. The paper describes and analyses the training and the varied technical and scientific activities of these 'savant officials'. At the centre of attention are the travels of inspection of the mineralogist and mining official Carl Abraham Gerhard (1738-1821) in the late 1760s. I argue that Gerhard's travels of inspection were at the same time geological travels and that savant officials like Gerhard made a significant contribution to the fledgling science of geology. PMID:23057217