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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Online Nevada Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nevada is much more than the Hoover Dam and a certain large neon-drenched city, and the Online Nevada Encyclopedia revels in covering aspects of the state that include business, mining, politics, exploration, and the economy of the Silver State. Started in 2007, the Encyclopedia has been developed by the Nevada Humanities organization, with generous support of the U.S. Department of Education and the State of Nevada. It's a good idea to start a tour through the site by looking at one of the exhibit galleries, which include "Civil Rights in Nevada" and "Hoover Dam". All four of the current exhibits bring together primary documents with brief descriptions of each document. After that, visitors should head over to the topical areas to read high-quality articles about various facets of the state. All of the articles are authored by subject experts, and they cover everything from the archaeology of Tule Springs to the spooky world of the state's many ghost towns.

2

Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of an interdisciplinary international effort to take a critical look at the phenomenon of mass violence, the Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence is supported by a number of organizations, including The Center for International Research and Studies and The Foundation for the Memory of the Shoah. The primary purpose of the Encyclopedia Project is "to create a regularly updated electronic database focusing on massacres and genocides of the 20th century." First-time visitors can use the interactive map of the world on the homepage to begin their exploration of the site. Within each region of the world (and by extension, each individual country), visitors can read chronological indexes, case studies, and take a look at scholarly reviews of works related to each region or country's genocides or massacres. Visitors should not miss the "Latest contributions" area, which includes the latest works from the Project. Recently featured items here have included an evaluation of The Boxer Uprising and the Burundi Killings of 1972. Overall, it's a very ambitious project, and one that scholars and members of the general public will want to check up on from time to time.

2008-01-01

3

UCLA Plans Online Encyclopedia of Egyptology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) has unveiled plans for what appears to be the world's first online, peer-reviewed encyclopedia devoted to ancient Egypt. The "UCLA Encyclopedia of Egypt," which in April won a $325,000 grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, will include material in Arabic as well as English. The…

Howard, Jennifer

2006-01-01

4

Summarization of an Online Medical Encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore a knowledge-rich (abstraction) approach to summa- rization and apply it to multiple documents from an online med- ical encyclopedia. A semantic processor functions as the source interpreter and produces a list of predications. A transformation stage then generalizes and condenses this list, ultimately gener- ating a conceptual condensate for a given disorder topic. We provide a preliminary evaluation

Marcelo Fiszman; Thomas C. Rindflesch; Halil Kilicoglu

2004-01-01

5

CAMEO: Conservation & Art Material Encyclopedia Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Art historians, preservationists, and other types will be most glad to learn about the existence of the Conservation and Art Materials Encyclopedia Online (CAMEO). This is, of course, if they don't know about it already. The original CAMEO was first placed online in November 2000, and it has been significantly enlarged and updated over the past several years. This online resource contains chemical, physical, visual, and analytical information on over 10,000 historic and contemporary materials used in the production and conservation of artistic, architectural, archaeological, and anthropological materials. While some visitors may wish to use the embedded search engine, some may just wish to browse the materials by letter. Visitors can also perform a material search by entering a word, partial word, or a variety of other fields, including composition, density, and boiling point.

6

Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Ohio University Professor Emeritus of History James Chastain, this online encyclopedia contains a large number of articles written by scholars from around the world on topics related to the "Springtime of the Peoples," the popular revolutions that spread across Europe in 1848. Users can browse the encyclopedia by alphabetical entry or by contributor, although the latter is not currently available. Typical entries contain one lengthy or several smaller paragraphs and a bibliography. The site also includes an introduction by Chastain which discusses the study of 1848 and the Encyclopedia's contents. Both scholars and students studying nineteenth-century Europe will find this site a handy reference resource.

Chastain, James.

7

The Canadian Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 2000, Historica, a Canadian foundation dedicated to the preservation of Canadian cultural heritage, posted the first online edition of The Canadian Encyclopedia, a massive one-volume reference to Canada authored by over 4,000 Canadians. This searchable edition features more than 10,000 articles written by a broad base of Canadians who are experts in their individual subjects. (An aggressive act of intellectual egalitarianism, the work employs far more authors than the much larger, but more editorially driven, Encyclopedia Britannica.) In addition to entries written in hypertext format with bibliographies, the encyclopedia offers interactive elements, such as statistical graphs, multimedia presentations of key historical events, quizzes and games, student guides, monthly topical features, and more. The encyclopedia is accessible in French and English and has a separate student's edition as well. Note: we did find some brief instances of printer code in the entries; it would appear that another edit of the online version would be beneficial.

2000-01-01

8

From now on, the Encyclopedia Britannica will only be published online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Encyclopedia Britannica ends print, goes digitalhttp://www.chicagotribune.com/health/sns-rt-us-encyclopediabritannicabre82c1fs-20120313,0,338011.storyAfter 244 Years, Encyclopaedia Britannica Stops the Presseshttp://mediadecoder.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/13/after-244-years-encyclopaedia-britannica-stops-the-presses/Encyclopedia Britannica to stop printing bookshttp://money.cnn.com/2012/03/13/technology/encyclopedia-britannica-books/?cnn=yes&hpt=hp_t3Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th editionhttp://www.archive.org/details/EncyclopaediaBritannica1911HQDJVUDeath of a Sales Forcehttp://www1.salon.com/media/media960510.htmlBritannica.comhttp://www.britannica.com/The first proto-encyclopedia was created by Pliny the Elder two thousand years ago. Over the course of many years, he created a work that covered art, medicine, geography, geology, and natural history. Since that time, many encyclopedias have come and gone, and one of the most enduring is certainly the Encyclopedia Britannica. First published in 1768, the work began life in Edinburgh and it was considered one of the distinguishing products of the Scottish Enlightenment. This Tuesday it was announced that the Encyclopedia would no longer publish a print edition, but the company will continue to update and offer its digital online version. In a statement released this week to major news outlets, the company's president, Jorge Cauz, commented that "The print edition became more difficult to maintain and wasn't the best physical element to deliver the quality of our database and the quality of our editorial." Of course, the broader story of this transformation involves the rise of various free online encyclopedias, such as Wikipedia. Interested parties may still purchase one of the existing 15th edition printed copies of the Encyclopedia for $1,400.The first link will take visitors to a news article about the Encyclopedia Britannica's decision to go to an all-digital format from this Wednesday's Chicago Tribune. The second link will lead interested parties to a bit of commentary on this development from the New York Times' "Media Decoder" blog. Moving on, the third link will take users to a piece from CNN's Julianne Pepitone about the recent decision made by Encyclopedia Britannica to stop printing physical copies. The fourth link leads to a digitized copy of the celebrated (and rather controversial) 11th edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica, published in 1911. The fifth takes visitors to a great archived piece from Salon.com that features an interview with Myron Taxman, one of the last Encyclopedia Britannica salespeople. The final link leads to the homepage of the Encyclopedia Britannica, which offers free access to select articles and information about the company.

Grinnell, Max

2012-03-16

9

Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 46th state, Oklahoma, presents its unusual history with the online version of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. The Encyclopedia was prepared by over 500 "university-based scholars and independent historians and scholars," and was a joint effort by The Oklahoma Historical Society and Oklahoma State University Library Electronic Publishing Center. Visitors can click on the "Table of Contents" link near the bottom of the homepage to "Browse Entries Alphabetically", "Browse Entries Chronologically", or "Browse Entries by Subject". Browsing via chronology introduces visitors to Oklahoma starting with the "Precontact Era", through the "Westward Expansion" and on to "Twentieth Century to Present". Subject categories include "African Americans", "Farming", "Military", and "Petroleum". When searching, visitors will be taken to the Electronic Publishing Center Search Page, so they will need to choose the specific collection, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, from the drop down box, to confine the search to the Encyclopedia.

10

MURAX: a robust linguistic approach for question answering using an on-line encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Robust linguistic methods are applied to the task of answering closed-class questions using a corpus of natural language. The methods are illustrated in a broad domain: answering general-knowledge questions using an on-line encyclopedia.A closed-class question is a question stated in natural language, which assumes some definite answer typified by a noun phrase rather than a procedural answer. The methods hypothesize

Julian Kupiec

1993-01-01

11

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Edward N. Zalta, Consulting Associate Professor of Philosophy at Stanford, this site claims to be the first dynamic encyclopedia. Unlike standard reference works or CD-ROMS, each entry in the Stanford Encyclopedia is maintained and kept up to date by experts in the field. As a result, the entries and the Encyclopedia as a whole are responsive to new developments in the field. The Encyclopedia is still very much under development, with many topics awaiting an entry. However, regular users may track new additions via the What's New section. Additional resources include an internal search engine and an archive of the previous three editions of the Encyclopedia.

1999-01-01

12

Electrochemistry Dictionary and Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This dictionary, accompanied by the online Electrochemistry Encyclopedia (http://electrochem.cwru.edu/ed/encycl), provides brief definitions of words and phrases used often in electrochemistry, the branch of chemistry dealing with reactions involving electrical current or potential. For some terms, a second paragraph provides additional, more technically oriented information. Entries are organized in alphabetical order. The online encyclopedia features articles describing many aspects of electrochemistry, the branch of chemistry dealing with reactions involving electrical currents and potentials. The articles are written by leading experts in the field, but in a popular-science style accessible to the non-expert. New articles are added at irregular intervals, and all articles are periodically updated as new developments occur. The collection is browseable by a table of contents, by author, or by subject. It may also be searched by keyword or a string of terms. The Encyclopedia links to the Electrochemistry Dictionary (http://electrochem.cwru.edu/ed/dict.htm) and to other online resources.

Edited by Zoltan Nagy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

13

Encyclopedia of Chicago History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Somewhere between Los Angeles and New York is a metropolis affectionately referred to by some as the "Second City". Also known as Chicago, this fair city has recently received its due with the publication of this outstanding reference volume. The online version offered on this site is even more authoritative than the print volume, as it contains a number of interactive maps and special features. Produced by the Chicago Historical Society, the Newberry Library and Northwestern University, this online edition allows users to search the entire contents of the Encyclopedia, and even browse digitized versions of the primary historical documents that serve as the research materials for the print articles. From the homepage, visitors can peruse a user's guide to the Encyclopedia. Each entry includes hypertext links, and in some cases, illustrative materials. For additional information, each entry also features some additional readings. Visitors will also want to take a look at the lovely maps produced for the volume, including a rather compelling map of Chicago's blues clubs. Finally, the special features area includes several interpretive digital essays on the Plan of Chicago of 1909 and galleries on such important topics as "How Chicagoans Remember Their History".

14

The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored jointly by Case Western Reserve University and the Western Reserve Historical Society, this excellent online text offers hundreds of articles on the history of Cleveland. There are two categories of articles in the Encyclopedia, general entries -- short articles of 200 to 500 words -- and interpretive essays -- "longer articles of 500 to 4000 words that explore major topics in local history." Both feature numerous hypertext links to related entries as well as photographic images that can be expanded to full screen. (These images may also be examined in a separate gallery on-site.) The encyclopedia features an alphabetical as well as a subject index and can be searched by title, text, and subject. A Reader's Guide and a bicentennial timeline of Cleveland history are also offered as supplementary text. New articles are added on a regular basis.

1998-01-01

15

Jewish Encyclopedia.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Standing as a testament to the wide ranging contributions of the Jewish people to world culture and history, this Web site contains the complete contents of the massive 12-volume Jewish Encyclopedia, originally published between 1901-1906 by the Funk & Wagnall's Company. Conceived and funded by the Kopelman Foundation, this compilation is the only free encyclopedia of Judaica available on the Internet. While the encyclopedia obviously does not include such topics as the creation of the state of Israel or the Holocaust, it is a rather fascinating collection that recalls an interesting period in scholarship, and is a helpful historical document. Visitors can browse by the encyclopedia by letter, along with viewing a transcription of each entry and any accompanying images included with each entry. Those who might be interested in helping compile an updated version of the encyclopedia are also invited to join the mailing list.

16

Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wikipedia is a free online, editable encyclopedia that "all Internet users can collaborate on by writing and submitting new articles or improving existing ones." The project, which claims to be "living proof that content and knowledge can also organize themselves," uses a wiki, i.e. software to allow users to revise content. The website encourages community participation by listing Open Tasks, such as copy-editing, merging, and peer reviewing needing to be done for particular entries. The texts and media presented on Wikipedia are available to the public "to process the content further and disseminate it." There are also wikipedias in 50 other languages, including one in Esperanto, the invented international language. Users must create an account to contribute to Wikipedia, but anyone can browse the entries by topic area or search on a specific term. Within each entry are links to related items and some of the more extended entries include a table of contents for ease of navigation. Other sections of the website let you view the most recent changes (within the past seven days) or browse entries related to current events.

17

Burns Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provide by Burns Country, this full-text, online version of "the definitive Robert Burns reference volume" serves as a useful handbook to Scotland's most famous poet and the intellectual circles in which he turned. The encyclopedia, which is in HTML format, is organized alphabetically. Burns Country offers a number of other related resources, chief among them a songs and poems archive containing 100 of the poet's works. Other features at the site include a discussion area, Burns and Scottish association links, and some commercial content.

Lindsay, Maurice.

18

Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When thinking about the Volunteer State, many people's minds may immediately turn to the accomplishments of President Andrew Jackson or the far-reaching impact of the massive public works project that resulted in the formation of the Tennessee Valley Authority. Interested parties can learn about these aspects of the state's history and culture, along with many other facets of the state, at this fine site which is the digital version of The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Originally released in 1998 as a large print volume, the Encyclopedia was placed online in a searchable format in 2002. Here visitors can browse through more than 1500 entries, along with 500 additional images and some audio and video files as well. For those interested in looking at the material by themes, they will be pleased to learn that the materials are also divided into categories, such as medicine, sports, county history, and industry.

19

Detection of the inferred interaction network in hepatocellular carcinoma from EHCO (Encyclopedia of Hepatocellular Carcinoma genes Online)  

PubMed Central

Background The significant advances in microarray and proteomics analyses have resulted in an exponential increase in potential new targets and have promised to shed light on the identification of disease markers and cellular pathways. We aim to collect and decipher the HCC-related genes at the systems level. Results Here, we build an integrative platform, the Encyclopedia of Hepatocellular Carcinoma genes Online, dubbed EHCO , to systematically collect, organize and compare the pileup of unsorted HCC-related studies by using natural language processing and softbots. Among the eight gene set collections, ranging across PubMed, SAGE, microarray, and proteomics data, there are 2,906 genes in total; however, more than 77% genes are only included once, suggesting that tremendous efforts need to be exerted to characterize the relationship between HCC and these genes. Of these HCC inventories, protein binding represents the largest proportion (~25%) from Gene Ontology analysis. In fact, many differentially expressed gene sets in EHCO could form interaction networks (e.g. HBV-associated HCC network) by using available human protein-protein interaction datasets. To further highlight the potential new targets in the inferred network from EHCO, we combine comparative genomics and interactomics approaches to analyze 120 evolutionary conserved and overexpressed genes in HCC. 47 out of 120 queries can form a highly interactive network with 18 queries serving as hubs. Conclusion This architectural map may represent the first step toward the attempt to decipher the hepatocarcinogenesis at the systems level. Targeting hubs and/or disruption of the network formation might reveal novel strategy for HCC treatment.

Hsu, Chun-Nan; Lai, Jin-Mei; Liu, Chia-Hung; Tseng, Huei-Hun; Lin, Chih-Yun; Lin, Kuan-Ting; Yeh, Hsu-Hua; Sung, Ting-Yi; Hsu, Wen-Lian; Su, Li-Jen; Lee, Sheng-An; Chen, Chang-Han; Lee, Gen-Cher; Lee, DT; Shiue, Yow-Ling; Yeh, Chang-Wei; Chang, Chao-Hui; Kao, Cheng-Yan; Huang, Chi-Ying F

2007-01-01

20

Encyclopedia of the NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Highlighting the diverse marine life of America's ocean and Great Lakes treasures, the Encyclopedia of the Sanctuaries offers photos, streaming video and important facts for more than 100 key animal and plant species from each of the National Marine Sanctuaries. The encyclopedia entry for each species includes a photo, quick facts, information about its diet, habitat, distribution and status, and links to outside resources.

21

Forest Encyclopedia Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Jointly developed by the USDA Forest Service Southern Research Station and Southern Regional Extension Forestry, this website has multiple online encyclopedias regarding the forests of the Southern United States, as well as one that covers the environmental threats facing all North American forests. This website is very user-friendly, both for visitors who are not natural resource professionals and those who are. For those visitors who are involved in the forest sciences, this website helpfully provides "scientific results, conclusions, and impacts with management needs and issues." On the left side of the page is a menu which allows the visitor to peruse the site through a thematic lens, or a global one. To view by theme, click on "Thematic" at the top of the menu. The themes visitors can click on include "So. Appalachian", "So. Pine Beetle", and "So. Fire Science". Under each theme are a multitude of clickable subthemes. For those visitors looking for a global view of the site, click on "Global" at the top of the menu. Topics include "Landscape", "Ecology", "Socio-Economics", and "Forest Health Protection". Forest scientists interested in contributing new scientific content to the Forest Encyclopedia Network can click on "Help" at the top of the website, which will take them to a link on the left side of the page entitled "Author Help".

22

Encyclopedia Reviews 1978  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews thirteen 1978 edition encyclopedias: Book of Art, Britannica Jr., Britannica 3, Childcraft, Collier's, Compton's. Encyclopedia Americana, Funk & Wagnalls, Merit Students, New Caton, Random House, New Standard, and World Book. (SB)|

Minemier, Betty

1978-01-01

23

German Encyclopedia Alignment Based on Information Retrieval Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Collaboratively created online encyclopedias have become increasingly popular. Especially in terms of completeness they have\\u000a begun to surpass their printed counterparts. Two German publishers of traditional encyclopedias have reacted to this challenge\\u000a and decided to merge their corpora to create a single more complete encyclopedia. The crucial step in this merge process is\\u000a the alignment of articles. We have developed

Roman Kern; Michael Granitzer

2010-01-01

24

The Encyclopedia of Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews a major new subject encyclopedia, the Encyclopedia of Psychology, jointly published by the American Psychological Association and Oxford University Press. This comprehensive and scholarly reference tool encompasses the discipline's theory, research, practice, and history. All of the articles are signed and include bibliographies. The author describes important features of the set, including biographies, articles about psychology in

Barbara Wales

2002-01-01

25

Encyclopedia Roundup 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This second annual encyclopedia summary updates the American Library Association's (ALA) evaluation of 10 sets and analyzes the deletions and additions made to each encyclopedia within the context of each publisher's revision plans. The board looked specifically for significant changes in purpose, arrangement, content style, general quality, and…

American Library Association, Chicago, IL.

26

Merging Catalog Entries from Various Countries into an Online Union Catalog.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the possibility of constructing an online international union catalog from machine readable entries originating in different countries and discusses use of MARC-compatible records as records that can be converted to MARC algorithmically. Sources of cataloging records, problems generated by merging, and resolution of problems are…

Kilgour, Frederick G.

1984-01-01

27

The Encyclopedia of World History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The good people at Bartleby.com have long prided themselves on providing a host of important works online for the benefit of those seeking online edification. One of the more recent volumes they have placed on their site is The Encyclopedia of World History, edited by Peter N. Stearns and 30 fellow historians. As the preface to this, the sixth edition, announces: "Simply put, this is a volume that has always intended to convey the key features of world history". This is no small order, and this edition represents a substantial revision from previous editions, as it also reflects the growing body of knowledge about the histories of regions outside of Western Europe and North America. The encyclopedia is complemented by a number of illustrative and informative maps, including ones that visualize India before the Muslim conquest and Italy in the 15th century. Users of the volume are welcome to use the search engine to find the information they so desire, or they may browse at their leisure.

28

Digital Encyclopedia: George Washington's Mount Vernon  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What was George Washington's life like at Mount Vernon? This frequent question is answered in fine form by this Digital Encyclopedia, compiled by a variety of scholars in collaboration with the Mount Vernon Estate. It is particularly appropriate that there is such a copious compendium of facts on the goings-on at Mt. Vernon, as Washington was enamored of encyclopedias during his life. Drawing on a range of primary sources, this project brings together hundreds of entries divided into over a dozen topics, including Military, Slavery, Food and Drink, and Animals. The Personal area is quite compelling, as it includes entries on Barbados, smallpox and, of course, the celebrated myths surrounding Washington's false teeth.

29

Tracking vaccine compliance in a primary care setting: online history, reminders, order entry, and charting.  

PubMed Central

In a new primary care setting with three medical disciplines participating, a vaccine history and order entry system was implemented along with other online documentation systems as the primary documentation tools for the clinic. Reminders were generated based upon a set of algorithms consistent with 1998 nationally accepted vaccine guidelines. Vaccine compliance data were analyzed for the entire population cared for in this setting for a 6 month period. Rates of compliance with national recommendations for eight key vaccine groups were calculated based on the online data. Trends in the rates of compliance, interpreted within limitations, showed statistically and clinically significant improvements. The immunization application accomplished several goals: accurate history and patient-specific recommendations, online ordering of vaccines or serum products, online charting of administration that, in turn, automatically maintained the vaccine history.

Flanagan, J. R.; Walker, K. P.

1999-01-01

30

The Multimedia Encyclopedias Face Off.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares three electronic encyclopedias offered for young people: Compton's, Encarta, and the new Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Contents, interface, and navigation between articles are discussed; and recommended grade level, computer platforms, price, upgrade costs, documentation, and multimedia elements are compared. (LRW)|

Salpeter, Judy

1993-01-01

31

Encyclopedia of Terrorism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As recent terrorist attacks on the United States, such as the Oklahoma City (Oklahoma) bombing, and the ongoing conflicts in the Middle East have shown, terrorism is an unfortunate reality that can have potentially devastating effects on governments, businesses, and individuals. This encyclopedia provides students, researchers, journalists, and…

Combs, Cindy C.; Slann, Martin

32

Encyclopedia of Terrorism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As recent terrorist attacks on the United States, such as the Oklahoma City (Oklahoma) bombing, and the ongoing conflicts in the Middle East have shown, terrorism is an unfortunate reality that can have potentially devastating effects on governments, businesses, and individuals. This encyclopedia provides students, researchers, journalists, and…

Combs, Cindy C.; Slann, Martin

33

The Encyclopedia of Suns  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Suns! Many people are interested in astronomical research that touches on the relationship between astronomy and biology, or at least the possibility of biology on planets other than Earth. The popularity of research efforts such as the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) and extrasolar planet discovery, especially among the public, shows how strong a hold these ideas have. Currently, the Encyclopedia of Suns contains over 100 stars within 50 light years (15.3 parsecs) from the Sun. It contains all stars within that distance that meet specific criteria for being plausible locations for Earthlike planets. It also has some stars outside the 50 light year limit: those that are not only Sunlike, but which also have one or more planets orbiting them.

Nash, David

2009-05-22

34

1985 international petroleum encyclopedia  

SciTech Connect

This encyclopedia contains a 141-page oil and gas atlas section. New to the 1985 edition are: special reports detailing busy times in Canada's offshore waters; a special report on heavy oil; the latest action in Alaska's North Slope operations; a special section on the conflict in the Persian Gulf, home of most of the world's production and reserves; a discussion of the many mergers in the industry; and a new country-by-country refinery survey.

Not Available

1985-01-01

35

Better Homes and Gardens Home Improvement Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Despite the commercial intentions of the site, this free online guide to home repair is superior to many similar offerings on the Web. Organized in five principle sections (Plumbing, Wiring, Carpentry, Decks, and Masonry & Concrete), the Encyclopedia covers a good variety of subtopics, from selecting and buying lumber to replacing a faucet or water heater to pouring concrete. Generally aimed at users with some skills but not necessarily much experience in home repair, the projects are clearly explained, with generous illustrations and, in some cases, an "Animated How-To." Project information includes estimated time, required skills and tools, cautions, and links to related projects. Additional resources include a glossary, tool encyclopedia, and an internal search engine.

36

Designing a Hypertext Electronic Encyclopedia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies five design requirements for electronic encyclopedias, based on the content and structure of printed encyclopedias and the uses that people make of them. Three existing hypertext programs (Owl International's Guide, HyperCard, and HyperTIES) are compared in terms of their ability to satisfy these design requirements. (CLB)

Glushko, Robert J.

1990-01-01

37

The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture is "to collect and disseminate information on all aspects of the state's history and culture and to provide a comprehensive reference work for historians, teachers, students and individuals for the purpose of promoting the study, understanding, and appreciation of Arkansas's heritage." First-time visitors should check out the This Day in Arkansas History feature, which provides easy access to the lore, culture, history, and geography of the state. Moving on, visitors can use the Browse Entries area to look around the material by category, type, time period, or race & ethnicity. Those persons looking for a bit of audio-visual inspiration will want to click on over to the Browse Media area. Here, they can find songs performed by sons and daughters of Arkansas (including the legendary Al Hibbler), maps, and video clips from films like "Emerson County Shaping Dream" and "Unhooking the Hookworm."

38

Encyclopedias of Astronomical Biographies - Status and Prospects --  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Simple requests for biographies of famous astronomers can easily be satisfied. Short accounts of their lives are to be found in many books and encyclopedias. However, most of these sources are very incomplete, i. e.\\ do not provide information on less famous persons, and are not up to scientific standards. The most comprehensive sources of scientific biographies, Poggendorffs Biographisch-Literarisches Handwoerterbuch and Dictionary of Scientific Biography, are also not complete, partly not up-to-date and for most users not easily accessible. The most recent and most comprehensive dictionary of astronomical biography, containing 500 short entries, was written in Russian. Although a lot of information on biographies is available in publications, these are spread over thousands of volumes. There is no bibliography of these papers and books. During the last three years, short biographies of astronomers were also published in the World Wide Web. Some of these are on a very high scientific level. The author's collection of links to such WWW pages (http://www.astro.uni-bonn.de/~pbrosche/hist\\_astr/ ha\\_pers.html}) contains currently several thousand entries for more than 1200 persons related to the history of astronomy. This electronic ``encyclopedia'' in distributed form is now the most comprehensive and concentrated source for astronomical biographies. However, there are several problems arising from the electronic form of publication and from the uncoordinated and not always qualified efforts of the authors. The paper will discuss proposals, plans and first results of filling the gaps and increasing the quality, as well as some principal problems of writing short biographies and making them available to the public.

Dick, W. R.

39

Music Heritage Network Instrument Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Music Heritage Network Instrument Encyclopedia is an initiative of the CHICO (Cultural Heritage Information and Community Outreach) project at the University of Michigan's School of Information (SI). SI cooperated with the School of Music's Stearns Museum of Musical Instruments to develop this comprehensive resource about instruments from around the world. Users may browse the encyclopedia by the Sachs-Hornbostel classification scheme, by geographic origin, or by four major instrument types: percussion, string, wind, and electronic. Users may also conduct full-text searches, or they may search the encyclopedia by instrument title, origin, maker, materials, or description. In addition, an instrument glossary as well as links to other instrument reference resources are available at the site.

1999-01-01

40

Encyclopedia of the Cold War  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1945 and 1991, tension between the USA, its allies, and a group of nations led by the USSR, dominated world politics. This period was called the Cold War – a conflict that stopped short to a full-blown war. Benefiting from the recent research of newly open archives, the Encyclopedia of the Cold War discusses how this state of perpetual

Dijk van R

2008-01-01

41

Wolbachia pipientis - Encyclopedia of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Encyclopedia of Life species page offers a comprehensive summary of the biology, ecology, evolution and relevance of Wolbachia pipientis. It includes an interactive media panel with images, videos and distribution maps, as well as a navigable classification structure. The page is supplemented with links to literature references, educational opportunities and additional research links.

Life, Encyclopedia O.

42

Lexical Semantics: Dictionary or Encyclopedia?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fundamental issue when building a semantic lexicon for a Natural LanguageUnderstanding (NLU) system hinges on the amount of world knowledge that should beincorporated into the lexicon: the so-called dictionary-encyclopedia controversy. Thisissue can ?nd a itechnicalj solution if the NLU architecture separates a linguistic stepand a domain inference step. In that case, the lexicon can contain purely linguisticelements. This requires

Marc Cavazza; Pierre Zweigenbaum

1994-01-01

43

[The biolaw and bioethics encyclopedia].  

PubMed

On 4 April 2011, as part of the XVIII Conference in Law and the Human Genome, the official presentation took place of the first Spanish language Encyclopedia of Biolaw and Bioethics, in an event organised by the Inter-University Chair in Law and the Human Genome held, on this occasion, in the new Auditorium of the University of the Basque Country. The Encyclopedia of Biolaw and Bioethics is a project which was conceived and driven forward by the Inter-University Chair in Law and the Human Genome. It was an ambitious project which was supported by the Roche Institute Foundation. It was therefore a magnum opus which began more than three years ago and which has required the work of more than 200 professionals from various disciplines in Spain, Latin America and Portugal. The encyclopaedia tries to make up for the lack of a suitable publication in the Spanish language that could be used as a reference and be consulted by different experts who have to tackle controversies and doubts posed in the field of biolaw and bioethics as part of their everyday work. The work makes it possible to ascertain the situation in this field regarding the most controversial issues and emerging conflicts, find out which values, assets or rights are involved or confronted, what solutions have been proposed by bioethics and the social positions that have been established through legal regulations. All in all, the encyclopaedia was the culmination of an ambitious undertaking, a pioneering work in the Spanish speaking countries due to its characteristics and scope. It is essential to have such a resource in today's cultural environment. The presentation of the Encyclopedia of Biolaw and Bioethics given by Mr. Del Barrio Seoane as Director General of the Roche Institute Foundation during the Conference deservers a special mention. The project has been consolidated through the support of this institution. PMID:22977954

del Barrio Seoane, Jaime

44

Encyclopedia of the Atmospheric Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Produced by the UK Atmosphere, Climate & Environment Information Programme, this site is designed as a one-stop resource for students and general users who have questions about atmospheric issues and terms. The encyclopedia is divided into sections, each of which contains a number of short definitions for selected terms. As a testament to the international appeal of the Simpsons, definitions for adults or younger users are noted by Mr. Burns and Bart Simpson icons, respectively. Also included are lengthy collections of related links and recommended reading.

United Kingdom. Atmosphere, Climate & Environment Information Programme.

2000-01-01

45

McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Encyclopedia is thoroughly comprehensive and up to date. The 760 alphabetically arranged articles, written by the leading international authorities on each of the subjects, were selected from the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (5th ed., 1982). The text is supplemented by more than 1000 drawings, graphs, charts, and photographs. All information is readily accessible through a detailed analytical

1983-01-01

46

Globalizing a Race to Publish an Encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1912, Daniel Alexander Payne Murray published a prospectus for his “Historical and Biographical Encyclopedia of the Colored Race throughout the World.” He promised to publish what literary historian Henry Louis Gates Jr., would describe as the “Grail” for black scholars. As Murray planned his encyclopedia in the first decade of the twentieth century, persons of African descent in the

Michael Benjamin

2010-01-01

47

Comprehensive Astronomical Visualization for a Multimedia Encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The domain of astronomy contributes a wealth of knowledge to the corpus of any general encyclopedia. Modern multimedia encyclopedias are capable of displaying complex, three-dimensional visualizations in real-time, enabling the integration of a planetarium, a virtual theater presenting astronomical facts in an educational and entertaining way. The manifold peculiarities of astronomical data sets require careful balancing of visual means to

Wolfgang Kienreich; Mario Zechner; Vedran Sabol

2007-01-01

48

SYMBOLS.com: Encyclopedia of Western Signs and Ideograms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by HME Media, this site is an online version of Carl G. Liungman's Thought Signs (1995), an encyclopedia of graphic symbols. The site contains more than 2,500 Western signs, arranged into 54 groups according to their graphic characteristics. Ranging from Cro-Magnon carvings in mammoth teeth to hobo signs and subway graffiti, the signs are explained and examined in 1,600 articles. Users may search for the meaning or history of a sign in the Graphic Index or use the Word Index to find an ideogram with a certain meaning.

Liungman, Carl G., 1938-.

1997-01-01

49

The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences (MITECS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences (MITECS), an electronic publication of the MIT Press, is a new comprehensive reference work that encompasses the diverse theories and methodologies of the cognitive and brain sciences. The encyclopedia contains 471 specialized articles by preeminent researchers and scholars; articles include extensive bibliographies and provide multiple cross-references. MITECS spans six major topics: Philosophy; Psychology; Neuroscience; Computational Intelligence; Linguistics and Language; and Culture, Cognition, and Evolution. The introductory essays that precede each major section discuss topics within the larger framework of the cognitive sciences. The encyclopedia may be browsed by an author or a topic index, and the entire work is searchable by keyword. Please note that first-time users of the encyclopedia are required to register at the site; necessary registration information includes email address, full name, and research interests.

2005-11-07

50

The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences (MITECS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences (MITECS), an electronic publication of the MIT Press, is a new comprehensive reference work that encompasses the diverse theories and methodologies of the cognitive and brain sciences. The encyclopedia contains 471 specialized articles by preeminent researchers and scholars; articles include extensive bibliographies and provide multiple cross-references. MITECS spans six major topics: Philosophy; Psychology; Neuroscience; Computational Intelligence; Linguistics and Language; and Culture, Cognition, and Evolution. The introductory essays that precede each major section discuss topics within the larger framework of the cognitive sciences. The encyclopedia may be browsed by an author or a topic index, and the entire work is searchable by keyword. Please note that first-time users of the encyclopedia are required to register at the site; necessary registration information includes email address, full name, and research interests.

1998-01-01

51

"U-X-L Encyclopedia of U. S. History" Hones Students' Subject Search and Indexing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article features the "U-X-L Encyclopedia of U.S. History" by Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine is a new eight-volume set available in print or ebook (2009). The set has 1,745 pages and 677 entries ranging from just under one page to around eight pages in length. The ebook option may be accessed through Gale Virtual…

Krueger, Karla

2010-01-01

52

The encyclopedia of applied geology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This compendium of engineering geology data includes contributions by experts from many countries. Topics center around the field of engineering geology, with special focus on landscapes, earth materials, and the ''management'' of geological processes. How to use geology to serve man is given particular attention. More than 80 entries deal with hydrology, rock structure monitoring, soil mechanics, and engineering geology.

Finkl

1984-01-01

53

Perceived Credibility of Internet Encyclopedias  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A vast amount of information is now available online, produced by a variety of sources with a range of editorial oversight procedures. These range from very centralized information with multiple layers of review, to no oversight at all. Determining which information is credible can pose a real challenge. An experiment was designed to determine…

Kubiszewski, Ida; Noordewier, Thomas; Costanza, Robert

2011-01-01

54

Reach for Reference: A New Early Encyclopedia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reviews the new Grolier Student Encyclopedia, intended for grades three through eight. Good middle-level readers might become frustrated with this source, but primary and intermediate students, middle-level students reading below grade level, and English language learners of any age will find the style of information presentation…

Safford, Barbara Ripp

2005-01-01

55

Encyclopedia of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This encyclopedia is designed to promote bilingualism in a comprehensive and comprehensive manner and to be academically sound while remaining accessible to as wide an audience as possible. Each topic is presented in a clear, understandable style. Four sections focus on the following: (1) "Individual Bilingualism" (e.g., bilingualism and the…

Baker, Colin; Jones, Sylvia Prys

56

The Relationship between Learning Styles and Online Education among Entry-Level Doctor of Pharmacy Degree Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this study is to investigate the relationship between the preferred learning styles of professional pharmacy students and their performance/success in a hybrid PharmD pharmacy program making extensive use of online content. Consequently, the study will look for early detection factors which can impact the performance of the student…

Bernier, Jose

2009-01-01

57

Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, an ongoing project from Kyoto University, has recently updated this collection of molecular interaction information. The Introduction section provides substantial information on the project background and data, as well as user guides and manuals to help users orient themselves to the database. Users can search for information on specific interactions in selected species, or browse to find metabolic pathways or gene sequences of interest. Computational tools include the ability to find similar sequences and generate possible reactions between compounds.

2002-01-01

58

Encyclopedia of 20th-Century American Humor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reference encyclopedia contains information on both the historical and contemporary aspects of humor and comedy in the United States. Arranged in an A-to-Z format, the encyclopedia is a collection of article-length essays that examine humor from many perspectives, from defining terms; to providing information on humor writers, comedians, and…

Nilsen, Alleen Pace; Nilsen, Don L. F.

59

Specifications for Version 1. 0 of the Army Data Encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document provides a more detailed description of the Army Data Encyclopedia (ADE) Version 1.0, in accordance with the Data Encyclopedia Architecture for Army Information Management. The software and contents of the ADE are key mechanisms that are necessary to achieve interoperability, integration and synchronization of Army information systems. The ADE architecture is intended to provide a global view, long-term

F. Gey; H. Holmes

1988-01-01

60

Answers on the Disc: General Encyclopedias on CD-ROM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews of Compton's Multimedia Encyclopedia, New Grolier's Electronic Encyclopedia, and World Book's Information Finder are based on the 1990 editions. It is noted that all three publishers have announced plans to release annual revisions to their discs. The description of each of the products includes critiques of the search program, the…

Hollens, Deborah; Rible, Jim

1991-01-01

61

Encyclopedia of 20th-Century American Humor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This reference encyclopedia contains information on both the historical and contemporary aspects of humor and comedy in the United States. Arranged in an A-to-Z format, the encyclopedia is a collection of article-length essays that examine humor from many perspectives, from defining terms; to providing information on humor writers, comedians, and…

Nilsen, Alleen Pace; Nilsen, Don L. F.

62

Of Descartes and of train schedules : Evaluating the Encyclopedia Judaica, Wikipedia, and other general and Jewish Studies encyclopedias  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss the second edition of the Encyclopaedia Judaica (2007) within its broader historical context of the production of encyclopedias in the twentieth and the twenty-first centuries. The paper contrasts the 2007 edition of the Encyclopaedia Judaica to the Jewish Encyclopedia published between 1901 and 1905, and to the first edition of

Roger S. Kohn

2010-01-01

63

NatureServe Explorer: An Online Encyclopedia of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NatureServe Explorer is "a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals, and ecological communities of the United States and Canada." NatureServe Explorer offers a quick and convenient way to get detailed information on the conservation status, geographic distribution, taxonomy, and natural history for species of interest. NatureServe Explorer, a combined project of the Nature Conservancy and the Natural Heritage Network, focuses on rare and endangered species but covers some common ones as well. The database may be quickly searched for information on specific plants and animals or on entire ecological communities.

64

Virtual Knowledge: The Best Buys in 1998 CD-ROM Encyclopedias.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses questions to consider and features to look for in selecting a CD-ROM encyclopedia. Reviews Encyclopaedia Britannica CD 98 Multimedia Edition, Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia 1998, Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia, and Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia 1998. Contact information, price, and system requirements are listed. (JAK)|

Burg, Barbara; Kautzman, Amy M.

1998-01-01

65

An encyclopedia of mouse DNA elements (Mouse ENCODE)  

PubMed Central

To complement the human Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project and to enable a broad range of mouse genomics efforts, the Mouse ENCODE Consortium is applying the same experimental pipelines developed for human ENCODE to annotate the mouse genome.

2012-01-01

66

State-of-the-Art Multimedia in 1996: The "Big Four" General Encyclopedias on CD-ROM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews four CD-ROM encyclopedias: Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia, 1996 Edition; Microsoft Encarta 96 Encyclopedia; the 1996 Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia; and World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia 1996. Focuses on multimedia features, their quantity, quality, accessibility, and playability. Discusses each product's novel features and important…

Jacso, Peter

1996-01-01

67

State-of-the-Art Multimedia in 1996: The "Big Four" General Encyclopedias on CD-ROM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews four CD-ROM encyclopedias: Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia, 1996 Edition; Microsoft Encarta 96 Encyclopedia; the 1996 Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia; and World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia 1996. Focuses on multimedia features, their quantity, quality, accessibility, and playability. Discusses each product's novel features and…

Jacso, Peter

1996-01-01

68

Gender and Education. An Encyclopedia. Volume II  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book represents the second of two volumes in a two-volume set where educators explore the intersection of gender and education. Their entries deal with educational theories, research, curricula, practices, personnel, and policies, but also with variations in the gendering of education across historical and cultural contexts. The various…

Bank, Barbara J., Ed.

2007-01-01

69

Gender and Education. An Encyclopedia. Volume I  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this two volume set, educators explore the intersection of gender and education. Their entries deal with educational theories, research, curricula, practices, personnel, and policies, but also with variations in the gendering of education across historical and cultural contexts. The various contributors discuss gender as a social construction.…

Bank, Barbara J., Ed.

2007-01-01

70

Proteopedia: Exciting Advances in the 3D Encyclopedia of Biomolecular Structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Proteopedia is a collaborative, 3D web-encyclopedia of protein, nucleic acid and other structures. Proteopedia ( http://www.proteopedia.org ) presents 3D biomolecule structures in a broadly accessible manner to a diverse scientific audience through easy-to-use molecular visualization tools integrated into a wiki environment that anyone with a user account can edit. We describe recent advances in the web resource in the areas of content and software. In terms of content, we describe a large growth in user-added content as well as improvements in automatically-generated content for all PDB entry pages in the resource. In terms of software, we describe new features ranging from the capability to create pages hidden from public view to the capability to export pages for offline viewing. New software features also include an improved file-handling system and availability of biological assemblies of protein structures alongside their asymmetric units.

Prilusky, Jaime; Hodis, Eran; Sussman, Joel L.

71

Palm & Cycad Societies of Florida: Virtual Cycad Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Palm & Cycad Societies of Florida, the Virtual Cycad Encyclopedia is great resource for information and stories about the ancient cycads. The Encyclopedia comprises numerous articles organized under such topics as Cycad Taxonomy, Biology, Evolution, Horticulture, Conservation, and more. Examples of encyclopedia articles include: a 59-frame slide show on Growing and Collecting Cycads; an interactive Key to Cycad Genera; an older article on Pollination Biology of Cycads co-authored by staff at the New York Botanical Garden and the Fairchild Tropical Garden; and a Compiled List of Cycad Genera. The site also contains a Photo Gallery with many good-quality cycad images listed by scientific name. Site visitors will also find a collection of related links, and a list of reference books.

72

The Encyclopedia of Life: Describing Species, Unifying Biology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Harvard biologist E. O. Wilson affirmed a perennial hope of biologists, taxonomists, and naturalists when in 2003 he wrote, âÂÂAn all-species encyclopedia of life is logically inevitable if for no other reason that the consolidation of biological knowledge is urgently overdue.â Wilson proceeded with his vision of a Web-based encyclopedia in which there is a page devoted to each species on Earth, with links to diverse scientific databases. The species page, as envisaged, would summarize everything known about the species, from its genome and proteome to its distribution, habitat, and ecological relationships, as well as âÂÂits practical importance for humanity.â In May 2007, the Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) was officially launched, with support from the Sloan and MacArthur foundations.

Richard Blaustein (freelancer;)

2009-07-01

73

Boyhood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This encyclopedia is the first reference work to focus on the life and history of U.S. boyhood through the centuries. Coverage in the encyclopedia spans education, ethnicity, sports, work, religion, and health issues. The encyclopedia's expert contributors approach topics from many disciplines, including history, cultural studies, media studies,…

Clement, Priscilla Ferguson, Ed.; Reinier, Jacqueline S., Ed.

74

Encyclopedia of Youth and War: Young People as Participants and Victims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This encyclopedia provides comprehensive information on youth and war. Beginning with the 30 Years' War in the 17th century and ending with the conflicts in Bosnia and Kosovo, the encyclopedia covers children and youth from birth to age 18, with additional materials on young adults from 18 to 24 years of age. The encyclopedia includes over 300…

Sherrow, Victoria

75

Boyhood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This encyclopedia is the first reference work to focus on the life and history of U.S. boyhood through the centuries. Coverage in the encyclopedia spans education, ethnicity, sports, work, religion, and health issues. The encyclopedia's expert contributors approach topics from many disciplines, including history, cultural studies, media studies,…

Clement, Priscilla Ferguson, Ed.; Reinier, Jacqueline S., Ed.

76

McGraw Hill encyclopedia of science and technology. An international reference work in fifteen volumes including an index  

SciTech Connect

This extensively revised and updated 5th Edition features contributions by 3000 distinguished experts - including 16 Nobel Prize winners - working with an international advisory board and 60 consulting editors. Thorough coverage is devoted to 75 separate disciplines in science and technology, from acoustics and biochemistry through fluid mechanics and geophysics to thermodynamics and vertebrate zoology. Detailed entries examine not only the physical and natural sciences, but also all engineering disciplines, discussing both the basic and the most recent theories, concepts, terminology, discoveries, materials, methods, and techniques. All of the new developments and technical advances that have occurred during the last five years - in each of the 75 disciplines - have been added to the encyclopedia and are explored in depth. Completely new material deals with such timely and newsworthy subjects as genetic engineering, artificial intelligence, nuclear medicine, desertification, psycholinguistics, industrial robots, and immunoassay. Also covered in extensive entries are such current topics as video disk recording, metallic glasses, acoustic levitation, magnetic bubble memory, gluons, and computerized tomography. The encyclopedia includes more than 15,000 photographs, drawings, maps, charts, and diagrams, shown in full-color, two-color, or black-and-white reproductions.

Not Available

1982-01-01

77

Biographial Encyclopedia of Astronomers-A status report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers is nearing completion and should serve as a valuable resource for historians and astronomers alike. The work is expected to be published in two volumes in 2006, and will include approximately 1500 biographical sketches on astronomers from antiquity to modern times. This status report will summarize the project, the collective work of about 400 authors

T. R. Williams; T. A. Hockey

2004-01-01

78

An encyclopedia of mouse DNA elements (Mouse ENCODE).  

PubMed

ABSTRACT: To complement the human Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project and to enable a broad range of mouse genomics efforts, the Mouse ENCODE Consortium is applying the same experimental pipelines developed for human ENCODE to annotate the mouse genome. PMID:22889292

Stamatoyannopoulos, John A; Snyder, Michael; Hardison, Ross; Ren, Bing; Gingeras, Thomas; Gilbert, David M; Groudine, Mark; Bender, Michael; Kaul, Rajinder; Canfield, Theresa; Giste, Erica; Johnson, Audra; Zhang, Mia; Balasundaram, Gayathri; Byron, Rachel; Roach, Vaughan; Sabo, Peter J; Sandstrom, Richard; Stehling, A Sandra; Thurman, Robert E; Weissman, Sherman M; Cayting, Philip; Hariharan, Manoj; Lian, Jin; Cheng, Yong; Landt, Stephen G; Ma, Zhihai; Wold, Barbara J; Dekker, Job; Crawford, Gregory E; Keller, Cheryl A; Wu, Weisheng; Morrissey, Christopher; Kumar, Swathi A; Mishra, Tejaswini; Jain, Deepti; Byrska-Bishop, Marta; Blankenberg, Daniel; Lajoie1, Bryan R; Jain, Gaurav; Sanyal, Amartya; Chen, Kaun-Bei; Denas, Olgert; Taylor, James; Blobel, Gerd A; Weiss, Mitchell J; Pimkin, Max; Deng, Wulan; Marinov, Georgi K; Williams, Brian A; Fisher-Aylor, Katherine I; Desalvo, Gilberto; Kiralusha, Anthony; Trout, Diane; Amrhein, Henry; Mortazavi, Ali; Edsall, Lee; McCleary, David; Kuan, Samantha; Shen, Yin; Yue, Feng; Ye, Zhen; Davis, Carrie A; Zaleski, Chris; Jha, Sonali; Xue, Chenghai; Dobin, Alex; Lin, Wei; Fastuca, Meagan; Wang, Huaien; Guigo, Roderic; Djebali, Sarah; Lagarde, Julien; Ryba, Tyrone; Sasaki, Takayo; Malladi, Venkat S; Cline, Melissa S; Kirkup, Vanessa M; Learned, Katrina; Rosenbloom, Kate R; Kent, W James; Feingold, Elise A; Good, Peter J; Pazin, Michael; Lowdon, Rebecca F; Adams, Leslie B

2012-08-13

79

Pocketome: an encyclopedia of small-molecule binding sites in 4D  

PubMed Central

The importance of binding site plasticity in protein–ligand interactions is well-recognized, and so are the difficulties in predicting the nature and the degree of this plasticity by computational means. To assist in understanding the flexible protein–ligand interactions, we constructed the Pocketome, an encyclopedia of about one thousand experimentally solved conformational ensembles of druggable binding sites in proteins, grouped by location and consistent chain/cofactor composition. The multiplicity of pockets within the ensembles adds an extra, fourth dimension to the Pocketome entry data. Within each ensemble, the pockets were carefully classified by the degree of their pairwise similarity and compatibility with different ligands. The core of the Pocketome is derived regularly and automatically from the current releases of the Protein Data Bank and the Uniprot Knowledgebase; this core is complemented by entries built from manually provided seed ligand locations. The Pocketome website (www.pocketome.org) allows searching for the sites of interest, analysis of conformational clusters, important residues, binding compatibility matrices and interactive visualization of the ensembles using the ActiveICM web browser plugin. The Pocketome collection can be used to build multi-conformational docking and 3D activity models as well as to design cross-docking and virtual ligand screening benchmarks.

Kufareva, Irina; Ilatovskiy, Andrey V.; Abagyan, Ruben

2012-01-01

80

Specifications for Version 1. 0 of the Army Data Encyclopedia  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a more detailed description of the Army Data Encyclopedia (ADE) Version 1.0, in accordance with the Data Encyclopedia Architecture for Army Information Management. The software and contents of the ADE are key mechanisms that are necessary to achieve interoperability, integration and synchronization of Army information systems. The ADE architecture is intended to provide a global view, long-term direction, and the conceptual foundation for further development. In accord with the architecture, the ADE will develop through a sequence of increasingly powerful versions, supporting a series of Army-wide Information Mission Area (IMA) efforts, such as data element standardization. The major components of the ADE Version 1.0 are an ANSI-FIPS Standard Information Resource Dictionary System (IRDS) framework, which is implemented using a relational DBMS, a user interface for schema and data maintenance, a user interface for the Data Element search/retrieval/approval process, and the loading of the actual data of the ADE. This paper assumes the reader is familiar with the Data Encyclopedia Architecture document. It provides background for ADE Version 1.0 and a brief status report of ADE related activities in progress. It outlines a software structure for the ADE, functionality to be implemented within the ADE 1.0, structure of the data element approval process and user interface, initial data content of the ADE, documentation needs of the ADE, and remote user access strategies for the ADE. 5 refs., 9 figs.

Gey, F.; Holmes, H.

1988-09-30

81

Specifications for Version 1.0 of the Army Data Encyclopedia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document provides a more detailed description of the Army Data Encyclopedia (ADE) Version 1.0, in accordance with the Data Encyclopedia Architecture for Army Information Management. The software and contents of the ADE are key mechanisms that are nec...

F. Gey H. Holmes

1988-01-01

82

Subject Encyclopedias: User Guide, Review Citations, and Keyword Index. Part I and Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This two-volume guide is designed to make subject encyclopedias more accessible. To qualify for inclusion, an encyclopedia must meet the following criteria: new or revised edition published since 1990; coverage by subject (not primarily biographical or geographical); intended audience of high school students, college students, and adults;…

Mirwis, Allan N.

83

Encyclopedias on CD-ROM: Two Orders of Magnitude More than Any Other Educational Software Has Ever Delivered Before.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes three encyclopedias available on CD-ROM: (1) Grolier's Electronic Encyclopedia; (2) World Book's Information Finder; and (3) Compton's Multimedia Encyclopedia. Ideas for how they might be used in the classroom are suggested, information retrieval versus motivation is discussed, learning processes are examined, and stand-alone versus…

Becker, Henry Jay

1991-01-01

84

11 Online Motivational Factors: Incentives for Participation and Contribution in Wikipedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cyberspace has introduced new and intriguing means for knowledge shar- ing as well as new structures of mediated knowledge-building communities. Considering the various forms of online communities, it should be difficult to overstate the significance of Wikipedia as a landmark in building communal knowledge repositories. Wikipedia is an online collaboratively written encyclopedia. It has unique aspects of users' involvement in

Sheizaf Rafaeli; Yaron Ariel

85

An integrated encyclopedia of DNA elements in the human genome.  

PubMed

The human genome encodes the blueprint of life, but the function of the vast majority of its nearly three billion bases is unknown. The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project has systematically mapped regions of transcription, transcription factor association, chromatin structure and histone modification. These data enabled us to assign biochemical functions for 80% of the genome, in particular outside of the well-studied protein-coding regions. Many discovered candidate regulatory elements are physically associated with one another and with expressed genes, providing new insights into the mechanisms of gene regulation. The newly identified elements also show a statistical correspondence to sequence variants linked to human disease, and can thereby guide interpretation of this variation. Overall, the project provides new insights into the organization and regulation of our genes and genome, and is an expansive resource of functional annotations for biomedical research. PMID:22955616

Bernstein, Bradley E; Birney, Ewan; Dunham, Ian; Green, Eric D; Gunter, Chris; Snyder, Michael

2012-09-01

86

A User's Guide to the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE)  

PubMed Central

The mission of the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project is to enable the scientific and medical communities to interpret the human genome sequence and apply it to understand human biology and improve health. The ENCODE Consortium is integrating multiple technologies and approaches in a collective effort to discover and define the functional elements encoded in the human genome, including genes, transcripts, and transcriptional regulatory regions, together with their attendant chromatin states and DNA methylation patterns. In the process, standards to ensure high-quality data have been implemented, and novel algorithms have been developed to facilitate analysis. Data and derived results are made available through a freely accessible database. Here we provide an overview of the project and the resources it is generating and illustrate the application of ENCODE data to interpret the human genome.

2011-01-01

87

A user's guide to the encyclopedia of DNA elements (ENCODE).  

PubMed

The mission of the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project is to enable the scientific and medical communities to interpret the human genome sequence and apply it to understand human biology and improve health. The ENCODE Consortium is integrating multiple technologies and approaches in a collective effort to discover and define the functional elements encoded in the human genome, including genes, transcripts, and transcriptional regulatory regions, together with their attendant chromatin states and DNA methylation patterns. In the process, standards to ensure high-quality data have been implemented, and novel algorithms have been developed to facilitate analysis. Data and derived results are made available through a freely accessible database. Here we provide an overview of the project and the resources it is generating and illustrate the application of ENCODE data to interpret the human genome. PMID:21526222

2011-04-19

88

Genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization pathways in the Shewanella genus  

PubMed Central

Background Carbohydrates are a primary source of carbon and energy for many bacteria. Accurate projection of known carbohydrate catabolic pathways across diverse bacteria with complete genomes constitutes a substantial challenge due to frequent variations in components of these pathways. To address a practically and fundamentally important challenge of reconstruction of carbohydrate utilization machinery in any microorganism directly from its genomic sequence, we combined a subsystems-based comparative genomic approach with experimental validation of selected bioinformatic predictions by a combination of biochemical, genetic and physiological experiments. Results We applied this integrated approach to systematically map carbohydrate utilization pathways in 19 genomes from the Shewanella genus. The obtained genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization includes ~170 protein families (mostly metabolic enzymes, transporters and transcriptional regulators) spanning 17 distinct pathways with a mosaic distribution across Shewanella species providing insights into their ecophysiology and adaptive evolution. Phenotypic assays revealed a remarkable consistency between predicted and observed phenotype, an ability to utilize an individual sugar as a sole source of carbon and energy, over the entire matrix of tested strains and sugars. Comparison of the reconstructed catabolic pathways with E. coli identified multiple differences that are manifested at various levels, from the presence or absence of certain sugar catabolic pathways, nonorthologous gene replacements and alternative biochemical routes to a different organization of transcription regulatory networks. Conclusions The reconstructed sugar catabolome in Shewanella spp includes 62 novel isofunctional families of enzymes, transporters, and regulators. In addition to improving our knowledge of genomics and functional organization of carbohydrate utilization in Shewanella, this study led to a substantial expansion of our current version of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Carbohydrate Utilization. A systematic and iterative application of this approach to multiple taxonomic groups of bacteria will further enhance it, creating a knowledge base adequate for the efficient analysis of any newly sequenced genome as well as of the emerging metagenomic data.

2010-01-01

89

Total Baseball Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Total Baseball Online, provided by Tot@l Sports, is a web version of the well known Total Baseball encyclopedia. The highlight of the site is the availability of complete statistics (in a searchable database) of every major league player. Total Baseball not only gives players' raw statistics, but also its own set of derived statistics, including such variables as "Production Plus," "Park Factor," "Runs Created," and "Total Pitcher Index," among many others, all explained at the site and guaranteed to produce arguments among fans. There are also biographies, history, features, records, and a chat room--a veritable mountain of virtual information. At this time, there is no section on the World Series available. Total Baseball Online is only viewable with a browser that supports frames.

90

Tumor suppressors status in cancer cell line Encyclopedia.  

PubMed

Tumor suppressors play a major role in the etiology of human cancer, and typically achieve a tumor-promoting effect upon complete functional inactivation. Bi-allelic inactivation of tumor suppressors may occur through genetic mechanisms (such as loss of function mutation, copy number (CN) loss, or loss of heterozygosity (LOH)), epigenetic mechanisms (such as promoter methylation or histone modification), or a combination of the two. We report systematically derived status of 69 known or putative tumor suppressors, across 799 samples of the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia. In order to generate such resource we constructed a novel comprehensive computational framework for the assessment of tumor suppressor functional "status". This approach utilizes several orthogonal genomic data types, including mutation data, copy number, LOH and expression. Through correlation with additional data types (compound sensitivity and gene set activity) we show that this integrative method provides a more accurate assessment of tumor suppressor status than can be inferred by expression, copy number, or mutation alone. This approach has the potential for a more realistic assessment of tumor suppressor genes for both basic and translational oncology research. PMID:23639312

Sonkin, Dmitriy; Hassan, Mehedi; Murphy, Denis J; Tatarinova, Tatiana V

2013-04-11

91

Macmillan Encyclopedia of Chemistry (edited by Joseph J. Lagowski)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Macmillan: New York, 1997. Four volumes. Figs., tables. lxxi + 1696 pp. 22.0 x 28.5 cm. $400. ISBN 0-02-897225-2. This latest addition to Macmillan's series of comprehensive core science encyclopedias (previous sets dealt with physics and earth sciences) will be of particular interest to readers of this Journal, for it is edited by longtime Journal of Chemical Education editor Joe Lagowski, assisted by a board of five distinguished associate editors. The attractively priced set offers clear explanations of the phenomena and concepts of chemistry and its materials, whether found in industry, the laboratory, or the natural world. It is intended for a broad spectrum of readers-professionals whose work draws on chemical concepts and knowledge (e.g., material scientists, engineers, health workers, biotechnologists, mathematicians, and computer programmers), science teachers at all levels from kindergarten to high school, high school and college students interested in medicine or the sciences, college and university professors, and laypersons desiring information on practical aspects of chemistry (e.g., household cleaning products, food and food additives, manufactured materials, herbicides, the human body, sweeteners, and animal communication).

Kauffman, George B.

1998-11-01

92

Genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization pathways in the Shewanella genus  

SciTech Connect

To address a practically and fundamentally important challenge of reconstruction of carbohydrate utilization machinery in any microorganism directly from its genomic sequence, we have established a subsystems-based comparative approach and applied it to 19 genomes from the Shewanella genus. The key stages of our approach include: (i) a homology-based identification of gene candidates using a genomic compilation of ~500 known components of sugar catabolic pathways; (ii) functional assignment of orthologs and prediction of alternative genes and pathway variants based on genomic (operons, regulons) and functional (subsystems, pathways) context analysis; (iii) validation of bioinformatic predictions by a combination of biochemical, genetic and physiological experiments. The obtained genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization includes ~170 protein families (mostly metabolic enzymes, transporters and transcriptional regulators) spanning 17 distinct pathways with a mosaic distribution across Shewanella species providing insights into their ecophysiology and adaptive evolution. The reconstructed catabolic pathways are significantly enriched by nonorthologous gene replacements and alternative biochemical routes. Phenotypic assays revealed a remarkable consistency between predicted and observed phenotype, an ability to utilize an individual sugar as a sole source of carbon and energy, over the entire matrix of tested strains and sugars. In addition to improving our knowledge of genomics, functional organization and evolution of the sugar catabolome, this study confirmed the efficiency of the established approach, which is scalable and applicable to other groups of microorganisms.

Rodionov, Dmitry A.; Yang, Chen; Li, Xiaoqing; Rodionova, Irina A.; Wang, Yanbing; Obraztsova, Anna; Zagnitko, Olga P.; Overbeek, Ross; Romine, Margaret F.; Reed, Samantha B.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Nealson, Kenneth H.; Osterman, Andrei L.

2010-09-13

93

Collaborative Authoring on the Web: A Genre Analysis of Online Encyclopedias  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of a genre analysis of two web-based collaborative authoring environments, Wikipedia and Everything2, both of which are intended as repositories of encyclopedic knowledge and are open to contributions from the public. Using corpus linguistic methods and factor analysis of word counts for features of formality and informality, we show that the greater the degree of

William G. Emigh; Susan C. Herring

2005-01-01

94

Water Entry System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present invention relates to water entry of unmanned underwater vehicles and more specifically to suppression of cavity formation upon entry of such vehicles into the water. Underwater vehicles, such as torpedoes, are generally designed for speed, rel...

R. Kuklinski

2009-01-01

95

The Regulation of Entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present new data on the regulation of entry of start-up firms in 85 countries. The data covers the number of procedures, official time, and official cost that a start-up must bear before it can operate legally. The official costs of entry are extremely high in most countries. Countries with heavier regulation of entry have higher corruption and larger unofficial

Simeon Djankov; Rafael La Porta; Florencio López-de-Silanes

2001-01-01

96

The Regulation of Entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present new data on the regulation of entry of start-up firms in 75 countries. The data set contains information on the number of procedures, official time, and official cost that a start-up must bear before it can operate legally. The official costs of entry are extremely high in most countries. Countries with heavier regulation of entry have higher corruption

Simeon Djankov; Rafael La Porta; Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes; Andrei Shleifer

2000-01-01

97

The Regulation Of Entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present new data on the regulation of entry of start-up firms in 85 countries. The data cover the number of procedures, official time, and official cost that a start-up must bear before it can operate legally. The official costs of entry are extremely high in most countries. Countries with heavier regulation of entry have higher corruption and larger unofficial

Simeon Djankov; Rafael La Porta; Florencio Lopez-De-Silanes; Andrei Shleifer

2002-01-01

98

The Automatic Creation of Lexical Entries for a Multilingual MT System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe a method of extracting information from an on-line resource for the construction of lexical entries for a multi-lingual, interlingual MT system (ULTRA). We have been able to automatically generate lexical entries for interlingual concepts corresponding to nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs. Although several features of these entries continue to be supplied manually we have greatly

David Farwell; Louise Guthrie; Yorick Wilks

1992-01-01

99

Action Research: Addendum to the Encyclopedia of Distance Education Research in Iowa. Revised 2nd Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Action Research" and the "Encyclopedia of Distance Education Research" (1994) are designed as resources for distance education research in Iowa, including information on developing, implementing, and administering distance education systems. This addendum containing an additional seven research studies includes the following papers: "Innovations…

Maushak, Nancy J. Ed.; Manternach-Wigans, Lynn, Ed.

100

Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America. Volume 1, Acadians -- Iranian Americans [and] Volume 2, Irish Americans -- Yupiat.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This two-volume encyclopedia includes essays on distinct ethnic, ethnoreligious, or Native American groups in the United States, arranged in alphabetical order. It is intended as a comprehensive reference source in the area of multiculturalism in the United States. The groups were selected according to the magnitude of the group based on 1990 U.S.…

Vecoli, Rudolph J., Ed.; And Others

101

"Treaties with American Indians: An Encyclopedia of Rights, Conflicts, and Sovereignty"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides an overview of the three-volume reference set, "Treaties with American Indians: An Encyclopedia of Rights, Conflicts, and Sovereignty" published by ABC-CLIO. This reference work is edited by Donald Fixico, Arizona State University, and dedicated to the people of his tribes: (1) Shawnee; (2) Sac and Fox; (3) Seminole; and (4)…

Krueger, Karla

2009-01-01

102

Parenthood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on the view that insights from psychology, sociology, and medicine can enhance our understanding of the history of the family, this two-volume encyclopedia focuses on psychological aspects of the parent-child relationship, parenthood, and child development. Cultural, social, and historical matters and biological concepts are discussed when…

Balter, Lawrence, Ed.

103

Parenthood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the view that insights from psychology, sociology, and medicine can enhance our understanding of the history of the family, this two-volume encyclopedia focuses on psychological aspects of the parent-child relationship, parenthood, and child development. Cultural, social, and historical matters and biological concepts are discussed when…

Balter, Lawrence, Ed.

104

Measuring association populations using the Encyclopedia of Associations: Evidence from the field of labor unions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identifying populations of organizations has been a significant methodological challenge for scholars interested in examining various organizational dynamics. A common solution has been to rely upon a prior list or database of organizations. One such database on voluntary national organizations is the Encyclopedia of Associations (EA), a standard tool for sociologists and political scientists interested in associations. This paper compares

Andrew W. Martin; Frank R. Baumgartner; John D. McCarthy

2006-01-01

105

Girlhood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Girls, who used to be second-class citizens, are now coming into their own. Still, girls' lives, their experiences, and their roles in the social, cultural, economic, and political history of the United States have been widely overlooked. This reference encyclopedia presents more than 100 signed articles by 98 high-profile interdisciplinary…

Forman-Brunell, Miriam, Ed.

106

Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America. Volume 1, Acadians -- Iranian Americans [and] Volume 2, Irish Americans -- Yupiat.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This two-volume encyclopedia includes essays on distinct ethnic, ethnoreligious, or Native American groups in the United States, arranged in alphabetical order. It is intended as a comprehensive reference source in the area of multiculturalism in the United States. The groups were selected according to the magnitude of the group based on 1990…

Vecoli, Rudolph J., Ed.; And Others

107

LOCATION BASED CELL PHONE ACCESS TO THE WIKIPEDIA ENCYCLOPEDIA FOR M-LEARNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a new approach to access the content of the free Wikipedia on line encyclopedia with ordinary cell phones. No connection to the mobile Internet is required. Mobile users are able to request Wikipedia articles via SMS or via touch tone input in a voice menu. An audio representation of the requested articles will be generated in real

Andreas Bischoff

108

Brazilian Sign Language Lexicography and Technology: Dictionary, Digital Encyclopedia, Chereme-based Sign Retrieval, and Quadriplegic Deaf Communication Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the Brazilian Sign language digital encyclopedia, which contains a databank of 5,600 signs glossed in Portuguese and English, along with descriptions and illustrations of their signed form. (Author/VWL)|

Capovilla, Fernando C.; Duduchi, Marcelo; Raphael, Walkiria D.; Luz, Renato D.; Rozados, Daniela; Capovilla, Alessandra G. S.; Macedo, Elizeu C.

2003-01-01

109

Future Haptic Science Encyclopedia: An Experimental Implementation of Networked Multi-Threaded Haptic Virtual Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is presenting the design of a generic architecture that can support both haptic and graphic requirements by proposing a multi-layered architecture that can be used in a networked haptic environment. This architecture has been applied to the new five-fingers haptic interface HIRO-II. Future Haptic Science Encyclopedia (FHSE) was developed and presented as a new potential application that benefit

M. Osama Alhalabi; Vytautas Daniulaitis; Haruhisa Kawasaki; Tetsuya Mouri; Yoshio Ohtuka

2006-01-01

110

Toward knowledge-enhanced viewing using encyclopedias and model-based segmentation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To make accurate decisions based on imaging data, radiologists must associate the viewed imaging data with the corresponding anatomical structures. Furthermore, given a disease hypothesis possible image findings which verify the hypothesis must be considered and where and how they are expressed in the viewed images. If rare anatomical variants, rare pathologies, unfamiliar protocols, or ambiguous findings are present, external knowledge sources such as medical encyclopedias are consulted. These sources are accessed using keywords typically describing anatomical structures, image findings, pathologies. In this paper we present our vision of how a patient's imaging data can be automatically enhanced with anatomical knowledge as well as knowledge about image findings. On one hand, we propose the automatic annotation of the images with labels from a standard anatomical ontology. These labels are used as keywords for a medical encyclopedia such as STATdx to access anatomical descriptions, information about pathologies and image findings. On the other hand we envision encyclopedias to contain links to region- and finding-specific image processing algorithms. Then a finding is evaluated on an image by applying the respective algorithm in the associated anatomical region. Towards realization of our vision, we present our method and results of automatic annotation of anatomical structures in 3D MRI brain images. Thereby we develop a complex surface mesh model incorporating major structures of the brain and a model-based segmentation method. We demonstrate the validity by analyzing the results of several training and segmentation experiments with clinical data focusing particularly on the visual pathway.

Kneser, Reinhard; Lehmann, Helko; Geller, Dieter; Qian, Yue-Chen; Weese, Jürgen

2009-02-01

111

Entry and Exit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Analyses of industrial competition have attained a new vigor with the application of game-theoretic methods. The process of competition is represented in models that reflect genuine struggles for entry, market power, and continuing survival. Dynamics and ...

R. Wilson

1987-01-01

112

Projectile entry angle determination.  

PubMed

Small angles of projectile entry are difficult to determine in two-dimensional targets or in three-dimensional targets where internal deflection has taken place. This results from the fact that small errors in measurement lead to large errors in the calculation of the sine function used in the estimation of the angular projection of a circle onto an inclined plane at angles of less than 20 degrees from the normal. The use of a bullet tip scale, constructed to the dimensions of the entering projectile, allows a significantly more accurate determination of small angles of entry in targets not subject to stretching. A comparison of the relative error inherent in calculating entry angle using the sine function and measuring the angle using the bullet tip scale demonstrates the suitability of using the tip scale at angles less than 20 degrees and the sine function at entry angles greater than 20 degrees. PMID:3944581

Cashman, P J

1986-01-01

113

Australian Governments' Entry Point  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An example of a site that is powerful in its organization of government information pointers is the National Library of Australia's recently reorganized Australian Governments' Entry Point. The Australian Governments' Entry Point has connections to commonwealth, state, and local government information, as well as judicial information. Although the information pointed to by this site is by no means new, it acts as a gateway to information at all geographical levels of government in Australia.

Australia., National L.

114

Evaluation of an Online Study Skills Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the evaluation of an online study skills course unit designed, using evidence-based principles, to support undergraduate students. A mixed-methods approach was employed to establish the extent to which the unit was (a) fit for purpose and (b) effective. Data were obtained from an online survey (n = 63) conducted on entry to…

Pryjmachuk, Steven; Gill, Anita; Wood, Patricia; Olleveant, Nicola; Keeley, Philip

2012-01-01

115

Tactical entry tool  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A tactical entry tool for creating an entry point through a building structure is provided. The tool includes a shaft portion including a shaft, and a head portion attached to a first end of the shaft. The head portion includes two heads, with each head including a head shaft extending from the shaft to form a `Y` shaped structure and a break head portion attached to the head shaft at an opposite end from which the head shaft is connected to the shaft. Each break head portion includes a plurality of teeth surrounding the perimeter of the break head portion and a plurality of breaker tips extending from the break head portion.

2013-03-05

116

Entry by Spinoffs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Entry by spinoffs from incumbent firms is investigated for the laser industry. A model in which spinoffs exploit knowledge from their parents is constructed to explain the market conditions conducive to spinoffs, the types of firms that spawn spinoffs, and the relationship of spinoffs to their parents. The model is tested using detailed data on all laser entrants from the

Steven Klepper; Sally Sleeper

2005-01-01

117

Think Exit at Entry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the "Think Exit at Entry" program that has become the guiding principle for the Georgia Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ). The Georgia DJJ believes that the transition process begins the day the youth enters the system and continues well after release from the institution. Literature points the need for transition planning…

O'Rourke, Tom; Satterfield, Coy E.

2005-01-01

118

Ocean Entry Aerial View  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

As evident by the small plume at the ocean entry, the amount of lava traveling through the tubes from the vent to the ocean has diminished. The most active area of the flow field is above the pali where the new rootless shield is forming. ...

2010-06-18

119

The data entry conundrum.  

PubMed

Many physicians are not enthusiastic about improving their methods of data entry, but pressure is mounting for us to communicate better with patients, colleagues, and outside parties. We will be unable to handle clinical data management until we have solved the problem of who enters data and how. PMID:7651090

Cushing, M

120

Entry Guidance and Entry Autopilot (Sts-1 Baseline).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Preliminary entry guidance and autopilot software formulations, for use in the Mission Control Center (MCC) entry processor, are presented. The MCC requirements are met by a definition of coordinate systems, a list of parameter definitions for the softwar...

J. C. Harpold O. Hill

1980-01-01

121

9. FIRST FLOOR, ENTRY HALL, LOOKING SOUTHWEST TOWARDS FRONT ENTRY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. FIRST FLOOR, ENTRY HALL, LOOKING SOUTHWEST TOWARDS FRONT ENTRY WITH OPEN DOORWAY TO WINDER STAIRWAY ON RIGHT - Open Gate Farm, House, Ridge Road, 1 mile East of Elephant Road, Perkasie, Bucks County, PA

122

Online Pharmacies  

MedlinePLUS

MENU Return to Web version Online Pharmacies Is it safe to buy medicines online? It can be safe to buy your medicines online, but you need to be very ... new or more serious health problems. Illegal online pharmacies might not be licensed; might send you medicines ...

123

Lessons Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The instructors of an Earth science course used WebCT, a multipurpose software package, to create an online supplement to their course. It included class e-mail, science hyperlinks, an online calendar, an online discussion board, and online handouts. The

Krockover, Gerald H.; Ridgway, Kenneth D.; Witham, Shelly A.; Zinsmeister, William J.

2002-12-01

124

Encyclopedia of Minorities in American Politics. Volume 1: African Americans and Asian Americans. The American Political Landscape Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The last 30 years of U.S. political history have seen dramatic strides in the impact that minorities play in U.S. politics. This first volume of a two-volume set addresses the historical and contemporary impact of two of the largest minority groups in the United States. Divided into two sections, the encyclopedia addresses the political struggles…

Schultz, Jeffrey D., Ed.; Haynie, Kerry L., Ed.; McCulloch, Anne M., Ed.; Aoki, Andrew L., Ed.

125

The Mysterious Case of the Detective as Child Hero: Sherlock Holmes, Encyclopedia Brown and Nancy Drew as Role Models?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the mystery genre, the one characteristic that the enduring figures of Sherlock Holmes, Nancy Drew, and Encyclopedia Brown have in common is a rational mind. The source of their strength is their ability to think and think well. A study examined some typical examples of the mystery genre in young adult literature and surveyed children and…

Sugarman, Sally

126

A Comparison of Information Retrieval from Print and CD-ROM Versions of an Encyclopedia by Elementary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a study comparing information retrieval from print and CD-ROM versions of Compton's Encyclopedia. Forty-eight sixth-grade students searched four questions in both versions. The results showed that the searches took the same amount of time in both. The novice searchers were able to use an information retrieval system with minimal…

Large, Andrew; And Others

1994-01-01

127

Forms order entry system  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

An order entry system is provided comprising a first computer system, a printing station computer system, a form design repository, a second computer system, a validation engine, and a pricing engine. The first computer system captures form design data and the second computer generates a form price, validates the form, and transmits a validated and priced order to the printing station computer system. The second computer is also programmed to store an index of form design files in the form design repository. The forms order entry system is also programmed to determine manufacturability of an ordered form by comparing its form design data to a set of validation rules and route manufacturability exceptions to a selected one of a plurality of exception handling locations. The pricing engine determines identified labor, material, burden, and mark-up cost components, and applies a set of pricing rules to them, to enable calculation of a form price.

Morscheck; William F. (Franklin, OH); Miller; Kenneth W. (Tipp City, OH); Ryan; Thomas J. (Trotwood, OH); Ohlemacher; David M. (Dayton, OH); Russell; C. Thomas (Springboro, OH); Burgbacher; Mark A. (Mason, OH); Schweikert; Christopher L. (Cincinnati, OH)

2000-06-13

128

Reconstruction of the Stardust Entry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An overview of the reconstruction analyses performed for the Stardust capsule entry is described. The results indicate that the actual entry was very close to the pre-entry predictions. The capsule landed 8.1 km northwest of the desired target at Utah Tes...

G. D. Qualls P. N. Desai

2007-01-01

129

Hans Spemann (1869-1941): Biography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An online encyclopedia entry about the embryologist and Nobel Prize Winner, Hans Spemann, including his landmark experiments on induction of differentiation of one tissue by another called the Organizer.

Karen Wellner (Arizona State University)

2011-09-20

130

Hans Spemann, Embryologist: 1931 Photo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A photo connected with an online encyclopedia entry about the embryologist and Nobel Prize Winner, Hans Spemann, including links to other articles about his associates and work and another photo of him.

The Embryo Project (Arizona State University Center for Biology and Society)

2011-11-13

131

Hans Spemann, Embryologist: 1936 Photo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A photo connected with an online encyclopedia entry about the embryologist and Nobel Prize Winner, Hans Spemann, including links to other articles about his associates and work and another photo of him.

The Embryo Project (Arizona State University Center for Biology and Society)

2011-11-13

132

Viktor Hamburger, Embryologist  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An online encyclopedia entry about the embryologist, Viktor Hamburger, including a photo and links to other articles about his associates and work. A photo of him in 1933 is linked to this submission.

Adam R Navis (Arizona State University Center for Biology and Society)

2011-09-20

133

Building large collections of Chinese and English medical terms from semi-structured and encyclopedia websites.  

PubMed

To build large collections of medical terms from semi-structured information sources (e.g. tables, lists, etc.) and encyclopedia sites on the web. The terms are classified into the three semantic categories, Medical Problems, Medications, and Medical Tests, which were used in i2b2 challenge tasks. We developed two systems, one for Chinese and another for English terms. The two systems share the same methodology and use the same software with minimum language dependent parts. We produced large collections of terms by exploiting billions of semi-structured information sources and encyclopedia sites on the Web. The standard performance metric of recall (R) is extended to three different types of Recall to take the surface variability of terms into consideration. They are Surface Recall (R(S)), Object Recall (R(O)), and Surface Head recall (R(H)). We use two test sets for Chinese. For English, we use a collection of terms in the 2010 i2b2 text. Two collections of terms, one for English and the other for Chinese, have been created. The terms in these collections are classified as either of Medical Problems, Medications, or Medical Tests in the i2b2 challenge tasks. The English collection contains 49,249 (Problems), 89,591 (Medications) and 25,107 (Tests) terms, while the Chinese one contains 66,780 (Problems), 101,025 (Medications), and 15,032 (Tests) terms. The proposed method of constructing a large collection of medical terms is both efficient and effective, and, most of all, independent of language. The collections will be made publicly available. PMID:23874426

Xu, Yan; Wang, Yining; Sun, Jian-Tao; Zhang, Jianwen; Tsujii, Junichi; Chang, Eric

2013-07-09

134

Cytokines Online Pathfinder Encyclopaedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cytokines Online Pathfinder Encyclopaedia (COPE) is the brainchild of Horst Ibelgaufts of Germany's Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit't Gene Center. Part super-glossary, part general guide to the "jungles, morasses, and deserts of cytokine-land," this incredibly extensive Web site helps researchers stay on top of newly identified proteins and previously identified but recently reevaluated proteins. As of February 2003, COPE contains over 8,700 entries, which have been mercifully grouped into sub-glossaries by subject: apoptosis, cell lines, chemokines, cytokine topics, hematology, metalloproteinases virokines, viroceptors, and virulence factors.

1997-01-01

135

Online Dictionary of the Social Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From "aboriginal peoples" to "xenophobia," the Online Dictionary of the Social Sciences provides concise definitions for approximately 1,000 entries. Disciplines covered include sociology, criminology, political science, and women's studies with a particular focus on Canadian examples, events, and names. The project is the online version of a dictionary created by Gary Parkinson and Robert Drislane and a product of Athabasca University, Canada, and the International Consortium for the Advancement of Academic Publication (ICAAP). The dictionary can be browsed using an alphabetically arranged index or searched using key words; references are also included to guide users to other related entries.

Parkinson, Gary.; Islane, Robert.

136

Online Games  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the home of resource collections that support the use of online games and environments for teaching geoscience. There is now a collection of relevant references, examples of online games, and ideas for teaching with online games suggested by participants in the Spring 2008 workshop.

137

Online Advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter explores what makes online advertising different from traditional advertising channels. We argue that online advertising differs from traditional advertising channels in two important ways: measurability and targetability. Measurability is higher because the digital nature of online advertising means that responses to ads can be tracked relatively easily. Targetability is higher because data can be automatically tracked at an

Avi Goldfarb; Catherine Tucker

2011-01-01

138

Online Handwriting Recognition Using Multiple Pattern Class Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The field of personal computing has begun to make a transition from the desktop to handheld devices, thereby requiring input paradigms that are more suited for single hand entry than a keyboard and recent developments in online handwriting recognition allow for such input modalities. Data entry using a pen forms a natural, convenient interface. The large number of writing styles

Scott D. Connell

2000-01-01

139

Local competition, entry, and agglomeration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes competition between two spatially differentiated multi-product retailers who encounter entry from a low-cost\\u000a discounter. We assess how entry affects the pricing of the incumbent stores and the role played by the location of the entrant.\\u000a Our primary objective is to identify how traditional retailers respond to new forms of low-cost retailing. Results show that\\u000a post entry, the

Ting Zhu; Vishal Singh; Anthony Dukes

2011-01-01

140

Inhibitors of HIV-1 entry.  

PubMed

Since the discovery of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as a causative agent of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) various strategies were employed to counter its devastating actions. One such concept relies on the prevention of HIV entry into host's "competent" cells by means of compounds known as entry inhibitors. HIV entry inhibitors comprise a group of immensely diverse compounds ranging from proteins/antibodies to small organic molecules and capable of targeting various stages of viral entry. Although already in clinical use, this approach to HIV therapy is still being investigated to produce new promising antiviral compounds. Here, we review the latest advances in this area. PMID:23092280

Micewicz, Ewa D; Ruchala, Piotr

2013-01-01

141

[Entry mechanism of morbillivirus family].  

PubMed

The genus Morbillivirus includes measles virus, canine distemper virus and rinderpest virus. These are highly contagious and exhibit high mortality. These viruses have the attachment glycoprotein, hemagglutinin (H), at the virus surface, which bind to signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM) and Nectin 4 as receptors for the entry. However, the molecular mechanism for this entry has been limitedly understood. Here we summarize the current topics, (1) newly identified receptor, Nectin 4, (2) crystal structures of H-receptor complexes and (3) detail biochemical studies of the H-F communication for the entry. These provide insight on the mechanism of morbillivirus entry event and furthermore drug developments. PMID:23649396

Fukuhara, Hideo; Chen, Surui; Takeda, Shin; Maenaka, Katsumi

2013-01-01

142

Laparoscopic entry and exit.  

PubMed

Minimal access surgery has emerged as an acceptable means of performing therapeutic and diagnostic surgical procedures. Although the gynecologist has utilized the laparoscope for several decades, only recently has laparoscopic surgery gained increased acceptance in the general surgical and urologic community. The number of laparoscopic procedures being performed routinely is now extensive and growing rapidly. It appears that the critical step in performing laparoscopic surgery is the establishment of pneumoperitoneum and the placement of the trocars. This initial part of the procedure when performed properly ensures safe and reliable access allowing the procedure to commence. Difficulties with this part of the procedure may preclude the operative procedure and more importantly may result in potentially severe injuries. Therefore a detailed discussion of the method of performing laparoscopic entry and exit will provide the urologist with the essentials to perform safe and successful laparoscopy. PMID:8239733

Oshinsky, G S; Badlani, G H; Smith, A D

1993-09-01

143

THE WEB-BASED WORLD HOUSING ENCYCLOPEDIA: HOUSING CONSTRUCTION IN HIGH SEISMIC RISK AREAS OF THE WORLD  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Recent devastating losses in earthquakes to housing around the world highlight the need to share information on building construction practices and strengthening technologies. The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute and the International Association for Earthquake Engineering have an ongoing Internet-based project called World Housing Encyclopedia (WHE) that provides a framework for sharing such information globally (www.world-housing.net). The purpose of the

Svetlana BRZEV; Marjorie GREENE; Chris ARNOLD; Marcial BLONDET; Sheldon CHERRY; Craig COMARTIN; Mohammed FARSI; Sudhir JAIN

144

Online shopping portals: an option for traditional retailers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to examine the benefits delivered to traditional retailers from using shopping portals as their entry mechanism to the online trading environment. The paper also aims to highlight the possible drawbacks inherent in such an approach. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A case study approach was used with an online portal, combining documentary analysis and semi-structured

Aileen Kennedy; Joseph Coughlan

2006-01-01

145

Franchising, liquidity constraints and entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The short- and long-run incentives to franchise are considered. While monitoring problems due to geographic dispersion ensure that franchising is an efficient organizational form in the long run, entry costs suggest that franchising is an efficient solution to the formidable problems posed by entry in the short run. This explains the intensive use of franchising in the early growth stages,

Robert E. Martin; Robert T. Justis

1993-01-01

146

Forcible Entry - The Purple Lie.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Altered by the perceptions and lessons of the Gulf War, the American way of war largely disregards the concept and importance of forcible entry. However, to a nation with global responsibilities and interests, forcible entry is the CINC's principle tool t...

R. G. Houck

1995-01-01

147

Advertising and generic market entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of purely persuasive advertising on generic market entry and social welfare is analysed. An incumbent has the possibility to invest in advertising which affects the prescribing physician's perceived relative qualities of the brand-name and the generic version of the drug. Advertising creates product differentiation and can induce generic market entry which is deterred without differentiation due to strong

Ingrid Königbauer

2007-01-01

148

Complex Networks in Different Languages: A Study of an Emergent Multilingual Encyclopedia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is an increasing interest to the study of complex networks in an interdisciplinary way. Language, as a complex network, has been a part of this study due to its importance in human life. Moreover, the Internet has also been at the center of this study by making access to large amounts of information possible. With these ideas in mind, this work aims to evaluate conceptual networks in different languages with the data from a large and open source of information in the Internet, namely Wikipedia. As an evolving multilingual encyclopedia that can be edited by any Internet user, Wikipedia is a good example of an emergent complex system. In this paper, different from previous work on conceptual networks which usually concentrated on single languages, we concentrate on possible ways to compare the usages of different languages and possibly the underlying cultures. This also involves the analysis of local network properties around certain coneepts in different languages. For an initial evaluation, the concept "family" is used to compare the English and German Wikipedias. Although, the work is currently at the beginning, the results are promising.

Pembe, F. Canan; Bingol, Haluk

149

Successfully selling accommodation packages at online auctions – The case of eBay Austria  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this era of e-commerce online auctions have emerged as a valuable distribution channel (Nissanoff, 2006; Werthner & Ricci, 2004). Displaying low entry and exit barriers but also vast coverage rates, online auctions may effectively augment the distribution potential of hotel businesses. This paper identifies those factors that positively affect the final price level obtained in online auctions for hotel

Matthias Fuchs; Alexander Eybl; Wolfram Höpken

2011-01-01

150

32 CFR 770.18 - Entry restrictions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, Silverdale, Washington § 770.18 Entry...the performance of their official duties, entry upon Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, or remaining thereon by any person...

2013-07-01

151

32 CFR 770.28 - Entry restrictions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Base Entry Regulations for Naval Installations in the State of Hawaii § 770.28 Entry restrictions. Each commander is...be required by attendant circumstances. Within the State of Hawaii, entry into a naval installation is not permitted without...

2013-07-01

152

Empathy online  

Microsoft Academic Search

Members of online support communities help each other by empathising about common problems and exchanging information about symptoms and treatments. Results from two studies indicate that: empathy occurs in most online textual communities; empathetic communication is influenced by the topic being discussed; the presence of women tends to encourage empathy; and the presence of moderators not only reduces hostility but

J. Preece

1999-01-01

153

Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Distance education, which began as correspondence courses in the nineteenth century and grew into educational television during the twentieth century, evolved into learning on the Web by the mid-1990s. Accompanying the rise in online learning has been a similar rise in organizations and publications dedicated to serving the needs of online

Perry, Edward H.; Pilati, Michelle L.

2011-01-01

154

27. View of entry door to vestibule to MWOC entry ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

27. View of entry door to vestibule to MWOC entry door in transmitter building no. 102 (note coded key pad to left and intercom phone on left) and door to the central systems monitor room (CSMR) to right (out of sight). - Clear Air Force Station, Ballistic Missile Early Warning System Site II, One mile west of mile marker 293.5 on Parks Highway, 5 miles southwest of Anderson, Anderson, Denali Borough, AK

155

Seeking Health Information Online: Does Wikipedia Matter?  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the significance of the English Wikipedia as a source of online health information. Design The authors measured Wikipedia's ranking on general Internet search engines by entering keywords from MedlinePlus, NHS Direct Online, and the National Organization of Rare Diseases as queries into search engine optimization software. We assessed whether article quality influenced this ranking. The authors tested whether traffic to Wikipedia coincided with epidemiological trends and news of emerging health concerns, and how it compares to MedlinePlus. Measurements Cumulative incidence and average position of Wikipedia® compared to other Web sites among the first 20 results on general Internet search engines (Google®, Google UK®, Yahoo®, and MSN®), and page view statistics for selected Wikipedia articles and MedlinePlus pages. Results Wikipedia ranked among the first ten results in 71–85% of search engines and keywords tested. Wikipedia surpassed MedlinePlus and NHS Direct Online (except for queries from the latter on Google UK), and ranked higher with quality articles. Wikipedia ranked highest for rare diseases, although its incidence in several categories decreased. Page views increased parallel to the occurrence of 20 seasonal disorders and news of three emerging health concerns. Wikipedia articles were viewed more often than MedlinePlus Topic (p = 0.001) but for MedlinePlus Encyclopedia pages, the trend was not significant (p = 0.07–0.10). Conclusions Based on its search engine ranking and page view statistics, the English Wikipedia is a prominent source of online health information compared to the other online health information providers studied.

Laurent, Michael R.; Vickers, Tim J.

2009-01-01

156

This entry appears in the Encyclopedia of Cultural Anthropology, New Haven CT: Human Relations Area Files, 1996. pp. 1014-1016  

Microsoft Academic Search

The experience of pregnancy encompasses physiological, psychological, spiritual, and socio-cultural dimensions. Because the future of any given culture depends heavily on women's procreative abilities, these abilities carry strong social significance. Thus, every culture takes upon itself the regulation and management of women's pregnancies. In other words, pregnancy is never an unmarked category; in every society, it is the occasion for

Robbie E. Davis-Floyd; Eugenia Georges

1996-01-01

157

Infancy in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes One and Two. The American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This two-volume reference presents the latest findings on the mental, emotional, and physical life of the human infant. The entries present thorough and current assessments of infancy issues as well as brief definitions and descriptions of scientific, technological, and psychological terms. Coverage includes discussion of the critical issues,…

Honig, Alice Sterling, Ed.; Fitzgerald, Hiram E., Ed.; Brophy-Herb, Holly E., Ed.

158

Targeting a Complex Transcriptome: The Construction of the Mouse Full-Length cDNA Encyclopedia  

PubMed Central

We report the construction of the mouse full-length cDNA encyclopedia,the most extensive view of a complex transcriptome,on the basis of preparing and sequencing 246 libraries. Before cloning,cDNAs were enriched in full-length by Cap-Trapper,and in most cases,aggressively subtracted/normalized. We have produced 1,442,236 successful 3?-end sequences clustered into 171,144 groups, from which 60,770 clones were fully sequenced cDNAs annotated in the FANTOM-2 annotation. We have also produced 547,149 5? end reads,which clustered into 124,258 groups. Altogether, these cDNAs were further grouped in 70,000 transcriptional units (TU),which represent the best coverage of a transcriptome so far. By monitoring the extent of normalization/subtraction, we define the tentative equivalent coverage (TEC),which was estimated to be equivalent to >12,000,000 ESTs derived from standard libraries. High coverage explains discrepancies between the very large numbers of clusters (and TUs) of this project,which also include non-protein-coding RNAs,and the lower gene number estimation of genome annotations. Altogether,5?-end clusters identify regions that are potential promoters for 8637 known genes and 5?-end clusters suggest the presence of almost 63,000 transcriptional starting points. An estimate of the frequency of polyadenylation signals suggests that at least half of the singletons in the EST set represent real mRNAs. Clones accounting for about half of the predicted TUs await further sequencing. The continued high-discovery rate suggests that the task of transcriptome discovery is not yet complete.

Carninci, Piero; Waki, Kazunori; Shiraki, Toshiyuki; Konno, Hideaki; Shibata, Kazuhiro; Itoh, Masayoshi; Aizawa, Katsunori; Arakawa, Takahiro; Ishii, Yoshiyuki; Sasaki, Daisuke; Bono, Hidemasa; Kondo, Shinji; Sugahara, Yuichi; Saito, Rintaro; Osato, Naoki; Fukuda, Shiro; Sato, Kenjiro; Watahiki, Akira; Hirozane-Kishikawa, Tomoko; Nakamura, Mari; Shibata, Yuko; Yasunishi, Ayako; Kikuchi, Noriko; Yoshiki, Atsushi; Kusakabe, Moriaki; Gustincich, Stefano; Beisel, Kirk; Pavan, William; Aidinis, Vassilis; Nakagawara, Akira; Held, William A.; Iwata, Hiroo; Kono, Tomohiro; Nakauchi, Hiromitsu; Lyons, Paul; Wells, Christine; Hume, David A.; Fagiolini, Michela; Hensch, Takao K.; Brinkmeier, Michelle; Camper, Sally; Hirota, Junji; Mombaerts, Peter; Muramatsu, Masami; Okazaki, Yasushi; Kawai, Jun; Hayashizaki, Yoshihide

2003-01-01

159

Learning Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To improve large lecture courses, the authors designed a hybrid instructional format that couples online homework with in-class, active learning exercises. They assessed student perceptions of a pilot version this hybrid class, and most students felt that

Sibley, Duncan H.; Riffell, Samuel K.

2003-03-01

160

Histology Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Histology-online is a web-based, interactive histology textbook and atlas. It includes a computerized microscope to examine tissues and organs and provides a new way to teach histology that is preferred by students.

2011-08-01

161

Halloween Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The scariest night of the year is almost upon us, and this site will help users get into the proper "spirit." Halloween Online is simply put a massive Halloween resource, with decorating and costume tips; a guide to carving and displaying your pumpkins; a selection of featured articles and interviews; Halloween recipes; downloadable graphics ("Scream Savers") and music files; e-cards; online games; and a large collection of links, among other offerings.

162

Optimization Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Optimization Online is one of the best sources for current research papers and reports on the topic of optimization. This repository receives numerous submissions each month, and papers can be browsed by data added or category. In addition to searching for articles on the site, visitors can also subscribe to the Optimization Online monthly digest and receive updates on all of the new titles and reports submitted during that month.

2008-05-19

163

Entry and Exit Decisions under Uncertainty  

Microsoft Academic Search

A firm's entry and exit decisions when the output price follows a random walk are examined. An idle firm and an active firm are viewed as assets that are call options on each other. The solution is a pair of trigger prices for entry and exit. The entry trigger exceeds the variable cost plus the interest on the entry cost,

Avinash K Dixit

1989-01-01

164

Austria from A to Z  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of a broader online encyclopedia project that deals with various aspects of Austrian culture, history, and music, the Austria from A to Z Web site covers topics ranging from A (the international abbreviation for Austria) to Otto Zykan, the noted modernist composer and pianist. The Osterreich Lexicon Encyclopedia forms the basis for this online encyclopedia, which was created by Richard and Maria Bamberger in collaboration with Franz Maier-Bruck. The project was translated into English by the staff of the School of Translating and Interpreting of the University of Vienna. The site also features a lengthy user guide and an extended bibliography divided into thematic areas, such as ecclesiastical history, art, and natural history. Users of the online encyclopedia can search by keyword, or just browse through entries by letter. Many of the entries contain illustrations and links to related material contained within other archives online here, like the Austrian music album and the video album.

165

Learning with the Web 2.0: The Encyclopedia of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 1990s, the World Wide Web has revolutionized the way in which know ledge seekers satisfy their thirst for knowledge. During the recent ye ars, a technological and social paradigm shift called Web 2.0 attracted a lot of attention in the I nternet community and is considered a major evolution of the web. New online applicati ons make it

Alexander Stocker; Patrick Hoefler; Klaus Tochtermann

2007-01-01

166

Employer Perceptions of the Academic Preparation of Entry Level Certified Athletic Trainers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To de termine e mployers' (clinic base d AT s) perceived satisfaction of the academic preparation of entry- level ATs, and to identify perceived i nadequacies of the (ATEP) curriculum. Design and Setting: Athletic t rainers em ployed i n cl inical setting completed an online survey instrument. Subjects: One-hundred-four ATs serving in the NATA defined clinical employment setting

J. Brett Massie; Adam J. Strang; Rose Marie Ward

2009-01-01

167

Employer Perceptions of the Academic Preparation of Entry-Level Certified Athletic Trainers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To determine employers' (clinic based ATs) perceived satisfaction of the academic preparation of entry-level ATs, and to identify perceived inadequacies of the (ATEP) curriculum. Design and Setting: Athletic trainers employed in clinical setting completed an online survey instrument. Subjects: One-hundred-four ATs serving in the NATA…

Massie, J. Brett; Strang, Adam J.; Ward, Rose Marie

2009-01-01

168

Temporal attention shortens perceptual latency: a temporal prior entry effect.  

PubMed

The prior entry hypothesis of attention holds that attended stimuli are perceived earlier than unattended stimuli. Whereas this speeding of perceptual processing has been repeatedly demonstrated for spatial attention, it has not been reported within the temporal domain. To fill this gap, we tested whether temporal attention accelerates auditory perceptual processing by employing event-related potentials as on-line indicators of perceptual processing. In a modified oddball paradigm, we presented a single tone in each trial, either a frequent standard tone or an infrequent deviant or target tone. Temporal attention to tones was manipulated via constant foreperiods. We observed that the latency of the N2, an event-related potential reflecting perceptual processing, is shortened by temporal attention. This result provides first evidence for the idea that temporal attention accelerates perceptual processing as suggested by the prior entry hypothesis. PMID:20883507

Seibold, Verena C; Fiedler, Anja; Rolke, Bettina

2010-09-30

169

The ESID Online Database network  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Summary:,Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) belong,to the group of rare diseases. The European,Society for Immunodeficiencies (ESID), is establishing an innovative European patient and research database,network,for continuous,long-term,documentation,of patients, in order to improve the diagnosis, classification, prognosis and,therapy,of PIDs. The ESID Online Database,is a web-based system aimed at data storage, data entry, reporting and the import of pre-existing data,sources,in an,enterprise,business-to-business integration (B2B). The

D. Guzman; D. Veit; V. Knerr; G. Kindle; B. Gathmann; A. M. Eades-perner; B. Grimbacher

2007-01-01

170

The Handbook of Texas Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Texas State Historical Society, this online guide to Texas is an excellent resource for students looking for information about the Lone Star state. The casual browser may want to look in the Browse section, which is divided into place names; "what" (covering many subjects, such as business and education); "who;" and "when." The Handbook also contains many images, which can be immediately located by going to the Multimedia section, which lists them all alphabetically. The Handbook can also be searched in its entirety, although most of the entries can be found quickly through the Browse section. For those persons looking to purchase a hard copy of the Handbook, information is available on the site. There is also an online form where visitors can make article revision suggestions, or suggest new article topics to be covered in future editions.

2003-01-01

171

MoMA Online Projects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Museum of Modern Art presents this listing of online projects. Two featured sites are Stir-Fry and InterNyet, by Associate Curator of Film and Video, Barbara London. Like the musicologists of the 1930s, who set off to discover and record blues and folk music in the rural American south, London travelled to China in 1997 and Russia in 1998, sending back these "dispatches" on the local arts scenes. She embarked on these journeys equipped with a laptop computer, Hi-8 video camera, digital still camera, and cassette tape recorder. Stir-Fry and Internyet are online scrapbooks, chronicling her experiences via written journal entries, still photographs of artists and their work, and audio and video clips. Also included are a time capsule made for the tenth anniversary of World AIDS Day, Peter Halley's Exploding Cell, and Technology in the 1990s, an ongoing series of symposia that explore the promise and impact of new technologies on contemporary culture.

172

SD Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Foundation presents SD Online, a special feature of the Sustainable Development pages. SD Online is a full-text database of the Foundation's resources which "explore specific facets of the sustainability debate and take advantage of the Foundation's research in a variety of areas." Beginning in 1998, the databases have grown to include a Networks database, tools database, as well as databases on SME support initiatives and education and training. Each searchable and browseable database must be accessed separately using the sidebar menu on the right, and each offers a brief explanation of the information within the database, as well as fully cataloged records.

173

Religion Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Religion Online is an extensive digital library of over 250 book chapters, monographs, speeches, and articles on the socio-cultural aspects of Christianity. The texts, written by religious scholars, are arranged into twenty subject sections, such as Church and Society, Church History, Comparative Religion, and Sociology of Religion, among many others. Each section contains an annotated list of titles linking users to the full-text. All texts in the collection reside at the site. An author index provides users with an alternative method for document retrieval. Religion Online is compiled by William F. Fore, a retired professor of theology, communications, and cultural studies.

174

Cambridge History of English and American Literature: An Encyclopedia in Eighteen Volumes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week, Bartleby.com (last reviewed in the December 10, 1999 Scout Report) announced the online publication of all eighteen volumes of the classic Cambridge History of English and American Literature. This excellent free resource "comprises the largest public reference work of literary criticism and history on the Internet." Originally published in 1907-1921, the volumes include 303 chapters and more than 11,000 pages, edited and written by a worldwide panel of 171 leading scholars and thinkers of the early twentieth century. The online version features over 5,600 files, searchable by keyword and browseable by volume, chapter, and section. The electronic Cambridge History also includes chapter and bibliography indexes. Although a bit dated in parts, these eighteen volumes are a valuable, and now easily accessible, research tool for secondary and university students.

175

Water entry of spinning spheres  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complex hydrodynamics of water entry by a spinning sphere are investigated experimentally for low Froude numbers. Standard billiard balls are shot down at the free surface with controlled spin around one horizontal axis. High-speed digital video sequences reveal unique hydrodynamic phenomena which vary with spin rate and impact velocity. As anticipated, the spinning motion induces a lift force on

TADD T. T RUSCOTT; ALEXANDRA H. T ECHET

2009-01-01

176

Markup of Korean Dictionary Entries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dictionary markup (encoding) is one of the concerns of TEI (Text Encoding Initiative), an international project for text encoding. In this paper, we investigate ways to use and extend TEI encoding scheme for the markup of Korean dictionary entries. Since TEI suggestions for dictionary markup are mainly for western language dictionaries, we need to cope with problems to be encountered

Beom-mo Kang

1996-01-01

177

Poxvirus entry and membrane fusion  

SciTech Connect

The study of poxvirus entry and membrane fusion has been invigorated by new biochemical and microscopic findings that lead to the following conclusions: (1) the surface of the mature virion (MV), whether isolated from an infected cell or by disruption of the membrane wrapper of an extracellular virion, is comprised of a single lipid membrane embedded with non-glycosylated viral proteins; (2) the MV membrane fuses with the cell membrane, allowing the core to enter the cytoplasm and initiate gene expression; (3) fusion is mediated by a newly recognized group of viral protein components of the MV membrane, which are conserved in all members of the poxvirus family; (4) the latter MV entry/fusion proteins are required for cell to cell spread necessitating the disruption of the membrane wrapper of extracellular virions prior to fusion; and furthermore (5) the same group of MV entry/fusion proteins are required for virus-induced cell-cell fusion. Future research priorities include delineation of the roles of individual entry/fusion proteins and identification of cell receptors.

Moss, Bernard [Laboratory of Viral Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-0445 (United States)]. E-mail: bmoss@nih.gov

2006-01-05

178

Matrix Completion from Noisy Entries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given a matrix M of low-rank, we consider the problem of reconstructing it from noisy observations of a small, random subset of its entries. The problem arises in a variety of applications, from collaborative filtering ( the 'Netflix problem') to structure-from-motion and positioning. We study a low complexity algorithm introduced in (1), based on a combination of spectral techniques and

Raghunandan H. Keshavan; Andrea Montanari; Sewoong Oh

2009-01-01

179

Planetary Landers and Entry Probes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface; Acknowledgements; Part I. Engineering Issues Specific to Entry Probes, Landers or Penetrators: 1. Mission goals and system engineering; 2. Accommodation, launch, cruise and arrival from orbit or interplanetary trajectory; 3. Entering atmospheres; 4. Descent through an atmosphere; 5. Descent to an airless body; 6. Planetary balloons, aircraft, submarines and cryobots; 7. Arrival at a surface; 8. Thermal control of landers and entry probes; 9. Power systems; 10. Communication and tracking of entry probes; 11. Radiation environment; 12. Surface activities: arms, drills, moles and mobility; 13. Structures; 14. Contamination of spacecraft and planets; Part II. Previous Atmosphere/Surface Vehicles and Their Payloads: 15. Destructive impact probes; 16. Atmospheric entry probes; 17. Pod landers; 18. Legged landers; 19. Payload delivery penetrators; 20. Small body surface missions; Part III. 'Case Studies': 21. Surveyor landers; 22. Galileo probe; 23. Huygens; 24. Mars Pathfinder and Sojourner; 25. Deep Space 2 Mars microprobes; 26. Rosetta lander Philae; 27. Mars exploration rovers: Spirit and Opportunity; Appendix: Some key parameters for bodies in the Solar System; List of acronyms; Bibliography; References; Index.

Ball, Andrew; Garry, James; Lorenz, Ralph; Kerzhanovich, Viktor

2010-02-01

180

Shuttle Entry Air Data System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SEADS system (Shuttle Entry Air Data System) is being developed to provide research quality hypersonic (M greater than 3.5) air data. SEADS will accomplish this through the instrumentation of the orbiter's baseline nose cap. The SEADS development program consists of (1) the design and testing program required to define a reinforced carbon-carbon (RCC) nose cap penetration concept which will

P. M. Siemers III

1978-01-01

181

Planetary Landers and Entry Probes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface; Acknowledgements; Part I. Engineering Issues Specific to Entry Probes, Landers or Penetrators: 1. Mission goals and system engineering; 2. Accommodation, launch, cruise and arrival from orbit or interplanetary trajectory; 3. Entering atmospheres; 4. Descent through an atmosphere; 5. Descent to an airless body; 6. Planetary balloons, aircraft, submarines and cryobots; 7. Arrival at a surface; 8. Thermal control of landers and entry probes; 9. Power systems; 10. Communication and tracking of entry probes; 11. Radiation environment; 12. Surface activities: arms, drills, moles and mobility; 13. Structures; 14. Contamination of spacecraft and planets; Part II. Previous Atmosphere/Surface Vehicles and Their Payloads: 15. Destructive impact probes; 16. Atmospheric entry probes; 17. Pod landers; 18. Legged landers; 19. Payload delivery penetrators; 20. Small body surface missions; Part III. 'Case Studies': 21. Surveyor landers; 22. Galileo probe; 23. Huygens; 24. Mars Pathfinder and Sojourner; 25. Deep Space 2 Mars microprobes; 26. Rosetta lander Philae; 27. Mars exploration rovers: Spirit and Opportunity; Appendix: Some key parameters for bodies in the Solar System; List of acronyms; Bibliography; References; Index.

Ball, Andrew J.; Garry, James R. C.; Lorenz, Ralph D.; Kerzhanovich, Viktor V.

2007-05-01

182

Forced Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online sexual behavior may be more completely explained by integrating a Pull Factor analysis, centering on the characteristics of the Internet that make it an appealing outlet for sexuality (e.g., “Triple A Engine”) and a Push Factor analysis, centering on characteristics of the offline world that disallow fulfillment of sexual desires. This new framework is utilized in explaining paraphilic (unconventional)

Amir Rosenmann; Marilyn P. Safir

2006-01-01

183

Anglicans Online!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Anglicans Online! has grown to be a comprehensive source of information for the world's Episcopal/Anglican church on the Internet. Topics offered are the Newsroom, Canada, USA, World, and Resources including reference links, biblical study. Ecumenical partners, and a listing of Discussion mailing lists and newsgroups are also provided.

184

Astronomy Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, authored by Ricky Leon Murphy of Astronomy Online, is a collection of references, images, and information for general astronomy. This work covers topics from the basics of science and observation through the solar system, stars, cosmology, and astrobiology. The material is clearly organized by topic using links to reference materials on the web.

Murphy, Ricky L.

2010-01-19

185

19 CFR 141.4 - Entry required.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ENTRY OF MERCHANDISE Liability for Duties and Requirement To Enter Merchandise § 141.4 Entry required. (a) General. All merchandise imported into the United States is...

2013-04-01

186

32 CFR 770.44 - Entry restrictions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton, Connecticut...their official duties, entry upon Naval Submarine Base New London, or remaining thereon...consent of the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, or his authorized...

2013-07-01

187

32 CFR 770.19 - Entry procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, Silverdale, Washington § 770.19 Entry...writing, submit a request to the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, 1100 Hunley Road, Silverdale, WA...

2013-07-01

188

Keyboards redux: fast mobile text entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most common style of text entry using a mobile phone's number pad is multitap, where multiple letters are mapped to the same key. We discuss twiddler chording, blind typing, and mini qwerty keyboards etc., for fast mobile text entry.

Thad Starner

2004-01-01

189

32 CFR 770.29 - Entry procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... RULES LIMITING PUBLIC ACCESS TO PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Installations in the State of Hawaii § 770.29 Entry procedures. (a) Operational, security, and safety considerations take priority over...

2013-07-01

190

Teaching Composition to Re-Entry Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Women's Re-Entry Program at Diablo Valley College which uses structured teaching methods to alleviate the two principal weaknesses found in English compositions written by re-entry women, vagueness and lack of organization. (TP)

Foulkes, Natalie; Taines, Beatrice

1978-01-01

191

32 CFR 770.50 - Entry restrictions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington...their official duties, entry upon Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, or remaining...advance consent of the Commander, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard or his/her...

2013-07-01

192

"The Encyclopedia of Systems Biology and OMICS" and "The ISA Infrastructure for Multi-omics Data" (GSC8 Meeting)  

SciTech Connect

The Genomic Standards Consortium was formed in September 2005. It is an international, open-membership working body which promotes standardization in the description of genomes and the exchange and integration of genomic data. The 2009 meeting was an activity of a five-year funding "Research Coordination Network" from the National Science Foundation and was organized held at the DOE Joint Genome Institute with organizational support provided by the JGI and by the University of California - San Diego. Eugene Kolker from Seattle Children's Hospital briefly discusses "The Encyclopedia of Systems Biology and OMICS," followed by Susanna Sansone from the EBI on "The ISA Infrastructure for multi-omics data" at the Genomic Standards Consortium's 8th meeting at the DOE JGI in Walnut Creek, Calif. on Sept. 11, 2009.

Kolker, Eugene (Seattle Children& #x27; s Hospital); Susanna Sansone (EBI)

2011-09-11

193

Online Training for Searching Online.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper focuses on the casual user's needs and problems in learning to search online retrieval systems. Such users are inclined to infrequent use, and are unlikely to have much interest or knowledge about the complexities of the system. The TRAINER pro...

E. Caruso

1978-01-01

194

Atmospheric Entry Experiments at IRS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Entering the atmosphere of celestial bodies, spacecrafts encounter gases at velocities of several km/s, thereby being subjected to great heat loads. The thermal protection systems and the environment (plasma) have to be investigated by means of computational and ground facility based simulations. For more than a decade, plasma wind tunnels at IRS have been used for the investigation of TPS materials. Nevertheless, ground tests and computer simulations cannot re- place space flights completely. Particularly, entry mission phases encounter challenging problems, such as hypersonic aerothermodynamics. Concerning the TPS, radiation-cooled materials used for reuseable spacecrafts and ablator tech- nologies are of importance. Besides the mentioned technologies, there is the goal to manage guidance navigation, con- trol, landing technology and inflatable technologies such as ballutes that aim to keep vehicles in the atmosphere without landing. The requirement to save mass and energy for planned interplanetary missions such as Mars Society Balloon Mission, Mars Sample Return Mission, Mars Express or Venus Sample Return mission led to the need for manoeuvres like aerocapture, aero-breaking and hyperbolic entries. All three are characterized by very high kinetic vehicle energies to be dissipated by the manoeuvre. In this field flight data are rare. The importance of these manoeuvres and the need to increase the knowledge of required TPS designs and behavior during such mission phases point out the need of flight experiments. As result of the experience within the plasma diagnostic tool development and the plasma wind tunnel data base, flight experiments like the PYrometric RE-entry EXperiment PYREX were developed, fully qualified and successfully flown. Flight experiments such as the entry spectrometer RESPECT and PYREX on HOPE-X are in the conceptual phase. To increase knowledge in the scope of atmospheric manoeuvres and entries, data bases have to be created combining both 3-D calculations and obtained flight data. Experience in this field and flight data are rare. But there are data bases in the USA, where public access is often difficult. The data mostly deal with reuseable launch vehi- cle technology which is a concern for the understanding of entry missions to earth and for the aim to reduce payload transportation costs in future. For X-38 about 40 international partners have been collaborating to develop, qualify and fly X-38 which is a technology demonstrator for the Crew Return Vehicle (CRV) of the International Space Station (ISS). About 1000 sensors will be operated to obtain a data base which will be combined with a aerothermodynamic data base (European contribution). Additionally, a lot of instrumentation has been contributed. PYREX-KAT38 meas- uring the temperature distribution in the X-38 nose structure was developed by IRS. The data of the PYREX sensor system contribute to several fields of interest i.e. temperature histories at 5 positons in the nose structure, information about rotational degrees of freedom of the vehicle during entry, statements on the behavior of the TPS material and heat flux distribution. The paper presents experiments that are being developed at IRS. Below summaries of such experi- ments are given: PYREX is a pyrometric entry experiment measuring rear side temperatures of ceramic TPS. It has already been flown twice. The first flight was with the German-Japanese capsule EXPRESS, the second with the capsule MIRKA. PY- REX-KAT38 was delivered to NASA. It is a fully qualified temperature measurement system and will be operated aboard the X-38 vehicle. RESPECT is a spectrometer that will be used to gain spectral data in the flow field around a space vehicle. The main goal is to obtain information about the plasma state in the post shock regime of a vehicle by measuring the spectrally resolved radiation. The obtained database will provide radiation of multiple species for a comparison with computer simulations. PHLUX: Based on experiences with PYREX, a sensor for heat flux measurements is being de

Auweter-Kurtz, M.; Endlich, P.; Herdrich, G.; Kurtz, H.; Laux, T.; Löhle, S.; Nazina, N.; Pidan, S.

2002-01-01

195

Trustworthiness of Online Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Some decades ago content on which people base important judgment used to be provided by relatively few, institutional sources\\u000a like Encyclopedias. Since the 1990s the Internet has become an invaluable source of information for a growing number of people.\\u000a While ten years ago web content has also only been provided by a limited number of institutions or individuals, today’s Web

Jan Camenisch; Sandra Steinbrecher; Ronald Leenes; Stefanie PÖtzsch; Benjamin Kellermann; Laura Klaming

196

Trade, Entry Barriers, and Home Market Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThis paper re-examines the relationship between entry barriers and home market effects and departs from recent work by using returns to scale as a direct measure of entry barriers as opposed to relying on the level of product differentiation as an indirect proxy for barriers to entry. In contrast to earlier work, results of this study do not indicate a

Paul E. Jensen

2006-01-01

197

A Quantifiable Alternative to Double Data Entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent articles in this journal have questioned the effectiveness of double data entry to enhance the quality of clinical trials data entered into the computer from case report forms. Although double data entry is widely used, no definitive agreement has been reached as to how to model and quantify the time\\/cost involved to perform double data entry and the exact

Dennis W King; Roderick Lashley

2000-01-01

198

Dissecting virus entry via endocytosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous virus families utilize endocytosis to infect host cells, mediating virus internalization as well as trafficking to the site of replication. Recent research has demonstrated that viruses employ the full endocytic capabilities of the cell. The endocytic pathways utilized include clathrin-mediated endocytosis, caveolae, macropinocytosis and novel non-clathrin, non-caveolae pathways. The tools to study endocytosis and, consequently, virus entry are becoming

Sara B. Sieczkarski; Gary R. Whittaker

2002-01-01

199

ISSN Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ISSN (International Standard Serial Number) is the internationally recognized unique numeric identifier for serial publications in any format. To date, the ISSN network, coordinated by the ISSN International Centre in Paris, has registered and assigned ISSNs for more than 900,000 serials, with approximately 4,000 new ISSNs added to the ISSN Register each month. Recently, this register has been made accessible through the Web at ISSN Online. ISSN Online is a subscription service, but it is available for free on a 30-day trial basis. Trial users must register an email address to obtain a temporary password. Then they may conduct 40 queries, view 400 records, and download 10 records during the test period.

200

Avion Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The first Aviation/Aerospace Newspaper to be available on the Internet via the World Wide Web is The Avion Online. Produced at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, this weekly college newspaper specializes in coverage of aerospace activity, such as the space shuttle, and aviation topics like the Lockheed/Martin merger. Get weekly reports from students who are studying the very stories they are reporting.

201

Online OCR  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For those with scanned documents that would be more useful in editable form, Online OCR offers a free, high-quality solution. Users can simply upload an image (JPG, JPEG, BMP, TIFF, GIF, and non-editable PDF are all accepted), then choose the language and preferred output format. At the free level, the service will convert 14 images per hour, but those who are satisfied with the service and require more frequent conversion may purchase a membership.

2013-01-01

202

Getting Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a As the i in iPhone implies, this is a device that is all about the Internet. In this chapter, you’ll learn about the different ways the iPhone\\u000a and iPod touch can connect to the Internet, and how to get online using each of them. You’ll also learn about how to securely\\u000a access a remote office network by configuring virtual private

Ryan J. Faas

203

Writers Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of the National Year of Reading effort in the UK (spearheaded by the National Literacy Trust to promote reading and literacy), Writers Online is aimed at piquing younger readers' interests. The site features interviews with popular children's writers as well as "writer-in-residence" workshops. Visitors to the site can try their hand at creative writing, learn tricks of the trade, and get personal feedback from their favorite authors.

1998-01-01

204

Einstein Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Einstein Online provides the user with a simple, but meticulous, approach to Einstein's Theory of Relativity. In the section 'Elementary Einstein', the theories of Special and General Relativity are explained in detail, going through concepts like Relativity, Spacetime and Space Geometry. The following section, 'Spotlights on Relativity', contains applications of both theories, from the Relativity of Simultaneity, to Gravity and Gravitational Waves, to Black Holes and Cosmology, to the Quantum realm.

2007-06-18

205

Saturn Science from Entry Probes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data from atmospheric entry probe missions at the giant planets could uniquely discriminate between competing theories of solar system formation and the origin and evolution of the giant planets and their atmospheres, providing for valuable comparative studies of giant planets as well as providing a laboratory for studying the atmospheric chemistries, dynamics, and interiors of all the planets including Earth. The giant planets also represent a valuable link to extrasolar planetary systems. For these reasons, a Saturn Probe mission with a shallow probe is ranked by the recent U.S. Planetary Science Decadal Survey as a high priority for a New Frontiers class mission. Atmospheric constituents needed to constrain theories of solar system formation and the origin and evolution of the giant planets could be accessed and sampled by shallow entry probes. Many important constituents are either spectrally inactive or are beneath an atmospheric overburden that is optically thick at useful wavelengths and are therefore not remotely accessible by flyby or orbiting spacecraft. A small, scientifically focused shallow entry probe mission could make critical abundance measurements of key constituents, and could measure profiles of atmospheric structure and dynamics at a vertical resolution that is significantly higher than could be achieved by remote sensing techniques. The Galileo mission began the detailed study of the solar system's two gas giants by dropping an entry probe into the atmosphere of Jupiter and deploying an orbiter around Jupiter. In 2016-2017 the Juno mission will make measurements of Jupiter's deep oxygen abundance, and gravitational and magnetic fields. In the same epoch, the Cassini orbiter is planned to pursue a set of Juno-like orbits to make comparable gravitational and magnetic field measurements of Saturn. A Saturn atmospheric entry probe would complete the quartet of missions needed for a comparative study of the two gas giants, leading to improved models of solar system formation. A highly focused entry probe mission at Saturn carrying a minimal science payload could address unique and critical science while fitting within existing program budget caps. Fundamental measurements include abundances of the noble gases He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe and, abundances of key isotopic ratios 4He/3He, D/H, 15N/14N, 18O/16O, and 13C/12C. Detection of disequilibrium species CO, PH3, AsH3, and GeH4 is diagnostic of deeper internal processes and dynamics of the atmosphere along the probe descent. Abundances of these key constituents, as well as carbon which does not condense at Saturn, sulfur which is expected to be well-mixed below the 4 to 5-bar ammonium hydrosulfide (NH4SH) cloud, and gradients of nitrogen below the NH4SH cloud and oxygen in the upper layers of the H2O and H2O-NH4 solution cloud, could be measured by an entry probe descending through 10 bars. In concert with the results from Galileo, Cassini, and Juno, a shallow Saturn probe capable of measuring abundances of key constituents not accessible by a remote sensing mission would provide critical measurements enabling a comparison of composition and dynamical processes on the giant planets while also providing an improved context for understanding exoplanets.

Atkinson, David H.; Coustenis, Athena; Lunine, Jonathan; Simon-Miller, Amy; Atreya, Sushil; Brinckerhoff, William; Colaprete, Anthony; Guillot, Tristan; Mahaffy, Paul; Reh, Kim; Spilker, Linda; Spilker, Tom; Webster, Chris

2013-04-01

206

HIV-1 Entry, Inhibitors, and Resistance  

PubMed Central

Entry inhibitors represent a new class of antiretroviral agents for the treatment of infection with HIV-1. While resistance to other HIV drug classes has been well described, resistance to this new class is still ill defined despite considerable clinical use. Several potential mechanisms have been proposed: tropism switching (utilization of CXCR4 instead of CCR5 for entry), increased affinity for the coreceptor, increased rate of virus entry into host cells, and utilization of inhibitor-bound receptor for entry. In this review we will address the development of attachment, fusion, and coreceptor entry inhibitors and explore recent studies describing potential mechanisms of resistance.

Lobritz, Michael A.; Ratcliff, Annette N.; Arts, Eric J.

2010-01-01

207

Entry decisions in the generic pharmaceutical industry.  

PubMed

Data on all generic drug entries in the period 1984-1994 are used to estimate which markets heterogeneous potential entrants will decide to enter. I find that organizational experience predicts entry. Firms tend to enter markets with supply and demand characteristics similar to the firm's existing drugs. Larger revenue markets, markets with more hospital sales, and products that treat chronic conditions attract more entry. The simultaneous nature of entry leads to an additional interpretation: specialization is profitable because of the severe risk to profits when a market is "overentered." However, I am unable to make any conclusions about the efficiency of entry decisions. PMID:10558596

Morton, F M

1999-01-01

208

50 CFR 91.22 - Display of contest entries.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONSERVATION STAMP CONTEST Procedures for Administering the Contest § 91.22 Display of contest entries. The Federal Duck Stamp Office assigns all eligible entries a number as entries are received. That office displays the entries in numerical...

2012-10-01

209

50 CFR 91.22 - Display of contest entries.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONSERVATION STAMP CONTEST Procedures for Administering the Contest § 91.22 Display of contest entries. The Federal Duck Stamp Office assigns all eligible entries a number as entries are received. That office displays the entries in numerical...

2011-10-01

210

Online Organic Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a comprehensive study of the many facets of an entirely online organic chemistry course. Online homework with structure-drawing capabilities was found to be more effective than written homework. Online lecture was found to be just as effective as in-person lecture, and students prefer an online lecture format with shorter Webcasts. Online

Janowicz, Philip A.

2010-01-01

211

Negotiating Femininities Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Much has been written about the potential for online learning (Fryer, 1997; www. ngfl.gov.uk/ngfl/index.html). However this literature typically emphasizes not online learning but online education. In this paper I focus on the potential for online learning, specifically learning about issues surrounding femininity in the presence of online peers,…

Davies, Julia

2004-01-01

212

Online Organic Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a comprehensive study of the many facets of an entirely online organic chemistry course. Online homework with structure-drawing capabilities was found to be more effective than written homework. Online lecture was found to be just as effective as in-person lecture, and students prefer an online lecture format with shorter Webcasts. Online

Janowicz, Philip A.

2010-01-01

213

University Student Online Plagiarism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports a study investigating university student online plagiarism. The following questions are investigated: (a) What is the incidence of student online plagiarism? (b) What are student perceptions regarding online plagiarism? (c) Are there any differences in terms of student perceptions of online plagiarism and print plagiarism? (d) What factors contribute to student online plagiarism? (e) What is student

Yu-mei Wang

2008-01-01

214

Maths Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maths Online is a site operated at the University of Vienna in Austria. Its purpose is to provide an interactive multimedia learning environment for high school and college level mathematics students and teachers. Its main section is the Gallery. Here, users can choose from a large selection of over twenty topics; each one has Java applets or other activities that demonstrate the associated principles. Interactive tests are also given that cover areas such as sets, functions, limiting processes, differentiation, and integration. The material presented on this site can be downloaded for offline use.

215

Kidsource Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Kidsource Online is an extensive collection of information about raising children from newborns to adolescents. A sampling of the publications they've pulled together at the site includes "Children and Bilingualism" from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association; "Testing Your Child's Hearing" by Carol Knightly, Pediatric Audiologist; and the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA) Provides Tips to Help Parents and Kids Cope with Allergy Season. Resources are organized under top-level categories of Newborns, Toddlers, Preschoolers, K-12, Education, Health, Recreation, Forums, Organizations, and Guide to Best Software, among others.

1997-01-01

216

Online Conversion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Need to convert joules to kilocalories? A rood to a square mile? 100 weight to stones? How about your age in dog years? You can do all of these conversions and over 8,000 more at Online Conversion. Conversions are organized by type (temperature, length, cooking, etc.), and each conversion page includes numerous options. Quick links to other conversions are also provided on each page so users don't have to return to the main page. Simply put, a very handy and easy-to-use site that belongs in the reference section of any user's bookmarks.

217

Bloomberg Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bloomberg Online provides the latest financial news and data. The site features three sections: Bloomberg News, World Markets and Bloomberg Energy. In the Bloomberg News section, visitors can read the latest financial news from the United States and around the world. They can also read articles written by Bloomberg columnists on various business and financial issues. The World Markets section provides stock market indices and currency rates from all over the world. The section also contains a yield curve on US and foreign bonds. Bloomberg Energy provides the latest information and news on energy prices. Some information at this site is available only to Boomberg Personal Finance Magazine subscribers.

1998-01-01

218

Online Writery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Online Writery at the University of Missouri, Columbia, is a student-oriented writing and learning environment that includes both communication and information resources: e-mail, access to two MOOs , writing resources, teaching resources, and paperless papers. It is a place to write and read and talk, a place to learn stuff. It is a resource you can use whether you are writing for a class or not. These pages are made of the stuff writers (of any kind) need: information about writing, and opportunities to talk with other writers.

219

Applying Multi-Intelligent Adaptive Hypermedia to Online Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the Theory of Multiple Intelligences has been applied in classrooms, demonstrating that learners benefit from multiple entry points and multiple representations of material, this study examines whether the Theory of Multiple Intelligences can be applied to online learning. The study was conducted in three stages: user characterization, prototype development, and formative evaluation. Adaptive text presentation and adaptive multimedia presentation

Benay Phyllis Dara-Abrams

220

Designing for Enhanced Conceptual Understanding in an Online Physics Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The calculus-based, introductory physics course is the port of entry for any student interested in pursuing a college degree in the sciences, mathematics, or engineering. There is increasing demand for online delivery options that make the course more widely available, especially those that use best practices in student engagement. However,…

Dunlap, Joanna C.; Furtak, Thomas E.; Tucker, Susan A.

2009-01-01

221

A Flexible, Extensible Online Testing System for Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An online testing system developed for entry-skills testing of first-year university students in algebra and calculus is described. The system combines the open-source computer algebra system "Maxima" with computer scripts to parse student answers, which are entered using standard mathematical notation and conventions. The answers can involve…

Passmore, Tim; Brookshaw, Leigh; Butler, Harry

2011-01-01

222

British History Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

British history to some might be thought of as a dense thicket of county records, complex lineages, and other such foibles that make the story of these modestly-sized islands all the more delectable. Fortunately for those interested in these ÂhistoriesÂ, there is the British History Online website. Created by the Institute of Historical Research and the History of Parliament Trust, the site contains a rather staggering array of material, ranging from the journals of the House of Commons to ordnance survey maps from across the nation. Apart from browsing through these resources, visitors can also utilize a series of tabs running across the top of the homepage that compartmentalize the materials here into such categories as places and subjects. Some of the subject headings include agriculture history, historical geography, and social history. One additional nice feature is the ÂRecent Journal Entries section, where visitors can learn about recent and upcoming additions to the already impressive selection of primary historical resources offered here.

223

Waste Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sure enough, there is a good deal of "waste" online, so it's nice to learn about the Waste Online website which serves as a great repository for information about an entirely different set of waste-related matters. This British-based website has been funded by the New Opportunities Fund Digitise project. The project is overseen by Waste Watch, which is "the leading environmental charity dedicated to the reduction, reuse and recycling of household waste." First-time visitors can get started by clicking on "Wacky waste facts", which contains some basic facts about the nature of waste in the United Kingdom. In the same vicinity, visitors can dig deeper by looking into sections titled "The problem with waste", "Waste in the workplace", and "Waste at home". Moving on, the "Search our library" area allows guests to the site to look for specific items of interest related to dozens of topics, such as household recycling, office recycling, and metal recycling. Moving along, the "Information Sheets" area features almost two dozen fact sheets that can be used as guides to composting, battery recycling, and the history of waste.

2004-01-01

224

The Ideal Online Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addresses key issues facing designers of Web-based university courses. Topics include online courses; the technologies involved; online study guides; assignments; online examples; course communications; interactive skill building; theoretical bases; and constructivism and instructional design. (Author/LRW)|

Carr-Chellman, Alison; Duchastel, Philip

2001-01-01

225

Online Learning Grows Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes various American efforts to develop online schools and classes. Discusses attributes of successful online teachers and students. Lists 17 online learning support companies and their Web sites. (PKP)|

Vail, Kathleen

2001-01-01

226

Online Staff Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the benefits for principals of online staff development for teachers. Sources of online courses and training include local and state departments of education, professional associations, colleges and universities, online universities, and commercial suppliers. (PKP)

Pease, Pamela S.; Magnuson, Peter

2003-01-01

227

Seidman's Online Insider  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"In, Around and Online" - A Weekly Summary of Consumer Online Services is a painless way to stay tuned to events in the worlds of Compuserve, Prodigy, America Online, etc. A weekly report, not too long, and an easy read.

Seidman, Robert.

1994-01-01

228

Outside Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Exploring the great outdoors can be charming, exciting, and peaceful, and the Outside Online website can be quite helpful with planning such an adventure. Designed to complement the print magazine, the website contains blogs, videos, podcasts, photos, and an "Ask the Experts" section. Mind you, that's just the homepage, and there's much more to explore here. The main blog on the homepage offers up a potpourri of some of the highlights, including product reviews, outdoor writing contests, and information on a range of active sports. On the left-hand side of the page, visitors can go ahead and "Ask the Experts" about anything from trail nutrition to survival tips. Visitors can also view select articles from the print magazine, including interviews and pieces on walking across the Amazon on foot.

229

Martian atmospheric entry profiles and atmospheric tides  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study we revisit trajectory and atmospheric reconstructions during Mars Entry Decent and Landing (EDL) with a specific focus on the Phoenix mission. Oscillations in temperature profiles derived from atmospheric entry probes are caused by a wide variety of waves and tides. We analyze vertical wavelengths and amplitudes of these oscillations in order to identify the effects of atmospheric tides on atmospheric entry profiles. The atmospheric profiles and the tidal analysis are compared with previous Mars entry reconstruction studies as well as with orbital remote sensing data such as those by the Mars Climate Sounder (MCS) instrument on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO).

Karatekin, Özgür; Van Hove, Bart; Verbruggen, Wim

2013-04-01

230

User Satisfaction with Computerized Order Entry System and Its Effect on Workplace Level of Stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

To evaluate the impact of Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) on workplace stress and overall job performance, as perceived\\u000a by medical students, housestaff, attending physicians and nurses, after CPOE implementation at Penn State—Milton S. Hershey\\u000a Medical Center, an academic tertiary care facility, in 2005. Using an online survey, the authors studied attitudes towards\\u000a CPOE among 862 health care professionals. The

Nasrollah Ghahramani; Irina Lendel; Rehan Haque; Kathryn Sawruk

2009-01-01

231

Online Videogames in an Online History Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines use of an online history simulation videogame, Civilization, in an online college history class. Overall findings were that the game complements texts and lectures, aids speakers of English as a second language, creates empathy for past societies, encourages personal research, and creates a sense of community in the online class.

Vance S. Martin

2008-01-01

232

Online Instructors Must Be Online Students First.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document describes an online/hybrid course at Mt. San Antonio College (MSAC) (California) that gives faculty the experience of being a student in an online class. The course is 6 weeks long and the participating faculty members meet on campus only 3 times; the rest of the course work is conducted in an online mode. Each week's learning…

Beam, Terri; Zamora, Victor

233

Agronomy Journal Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Society of Agronomy has announced online availability of this journal, in conjunction with Stanford University's HighWire Press. Online full-text content for the Agronomy Journal begins with the July-August 1999 issue, with online abstracts from January-February 1998. Note that the free trial period for the online journal ends May 1, 2001.

234

Computation of destructive satellite re-entries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The software system SCARAB ('Spacecraft Atmospheric Re-entry and Aerothermal Break-up') is designed to calculate the destruction of spacecraft during their re-entry flight through the Earth atmosphere. This software has a modular structure, combining flight dynamics, aerothermodynamics, thermal analysis, and structural analysis. The software has been applied to several test cases. Some results could be verified with in-flight measurements, other results were compared with other existing re-entry prediction tools. Now we are working on re-entry survivability studies for satellites at their end of mission. Currently there are several satellites of interest in orbit which will make an uncontrolled re-entry during the next few years. For satellites without controlability the SCARAB S/W computes the satellite destruction history and the ground impact risk. For 'controlled re-entries' (uncontrolled re-entry after a de-orbit boost) the computations can give recommendations for the choice of suitable entry conditions. The present paper presents results of current studies.

Fritsche, B.; Koppenwallner, G.

2001-10-01

235

Predictive text entry methods for mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile phone networks are increasingly supporting the transmission of textual messages between mobile phones and between mobile phones and other services. This paper describes the current text entry method on mobile phones and describes a new text entry method using a single key-press per letter together with a large dictionary of words for disambiguation. This approach, which is similar to

Mark D Dunlop; Andrew Crossan

2000-01-01

236

LCSH Entry Vocabulary Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) Entry Vocabulary Project established a routine procedure for new cross references, suggested by designated libraries, to be considered for addition to LCSH entries by the Library of Congress Subject Catalog Division. Since October 1982, suggestions from four libraries (the University of California at…

Cochrane, Pauline A.

237

Entry Decisions in the Generic Pharmaceutical Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data on all generic drug entries in the period 1984-1994 are used to estimate which markets heterogeneous potential entrants will decide to enter. I find that organizational experience predicts entry. Firms tend to enter markets with supply and demand characteristics similar to the firm's existing drugs. Larger revenue markets, markets with more hospital sales, and products that treat chronic conditions

Fiona M. Scott Morton

1999-01-01

238

Summary Analysis of the Gemini Entry Aerodynamics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aerodynamic data that were derived in 1967 from the analysis of flight-generated data for the Gemini entry module are presented. These data represent the aerodynamic characteristics exhibited by the vehicle during the entry portion of Gemini 2, 3, 5, ...

A. M. Whitnah D. B. Howes

1972-01-01

239

Generic entry into a regulated pharmaceutical market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to analyse empirically entry decisions by generic firms into markets with tough regulation. Generic drugs might be a key driver of competition and cost containment in pharmaceutical markets. The dynamics of reforms of patents and pricing across drug markets in Spain are useful to identify the impact of regulations on generic entry. Estimates from

Iván Moreno Torres; Jaume Puig; Joan-Ramon Borrell-Arqué

2007-01-01

240

Entry, Exit, Embodied Technology, and Business Cycles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the entry and exit of U.S. manufacturing plants over the business cycle and compares the results with those from a vintage capital model augmented to reproduce observed features of the plant life cycle. Looking at the entry and exit of plants provides new evidence supporting the hypothesis that shocks to embodied technological change are a significant source

Jeffrey R Campbell

1998-01-01

241

Attitudes toward buying online.  

PubMed

A survey of 11 positive features and 10 discouraging features of online shopping was carried out on 180 students and identified certain behavioral patterns for online shoppers versus non-shoppers. It was found that online shoppers have consistently stronger positive feelings about online shopping than do non-shoppers. On the other hand, non-shoppers have more negative feelings about online shopping than do shoppers, but not consistently so. Online shoppers are aware of some of the discouraging features of online shopping, but these features do not deter them from shopping online. The implication for marketers is that they should focus on making the experience of online shopping more accommodating and more user-friendly since the positive features of online shopping ("convenience" and "efficiency") appear to be more important than the negative features ("effort/impersonality"). PMID:15006173

Yang, Bijou; Lester, David

2004-02-01

242

Design of an advanced entry control system  

SciTech Connect

An entry control system (ECS) allows the movement of authorized personnel and material through normal routes while detecting and delaying movement of unauthorized personnel and contraband. This paper presents an overview of several unique design and operating principles used in the implementation of a positive identity entry control system utilizing proximity cards. The system design incorporates distributed processing to support geographically separated entry points and redundancy such that no single point failure will shut down operations. The functionality and integration of the photo identification system, the visitor authorization system, and the access control and contraband detection systems will be discussed. Systems unique features such as temporary badge issue for lost or forgotten badges at entry points using video lookup, visitor processing, and ergonomic and environmental considerations for the design of the proximity card based entry lane will be covered. 6 figs.

Williams, J.S.; Miller, D.W.

1989-01-01

243

Online Nucleosynthesis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nuclear-reaction network codes are important to astronomers seeking to explore nucleosynthetic implications of astrophysical models and to nuclear physicists seeking to understand the role of nuclear properties or reaction rates in element formation. However, many users do not have the time or inclination to download and compile the codes, to manage the requisite input files, or to explore the often complex output with their own graphics programs. To help make nucleosynthesis calculations more readily available, we have placed the Clemson Nucleosynthesis code on the world-wide web at http://www.ces.clemson.edu/physics/nucleo/nuclearNetwork At this web site, any Internet user may set his or her own reaction network, nuclear properties and reaction rates, and thermodynamic trajectories. The user then submits the nucleosynthesis calculation, which runs on a dedicated server professionally maintained at Clemson University. Once the calculation is completed, the user may explore the results through dynamically produced and downloadable tables and graphs. Online help guides the user through the necessary steps. We hope this web site will prove a user-friendly and helpful tool for professional scientists as well as for students seeking to explore element formation.

Meyer Jordan, Bradley, IV; The, Lih-Sin; Robbins, Stuart

2004-05-01

244

Poynter Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1975, the Poynter Institute was created by Nelson Poynter, who served as chairman of the St. Petersburg Times and the Congressional Quarterly. Over the past three decades, the organization has worked to train new cadres of journalists through a variety of intensive seminars and educational formats. Poynter Online provides interested parties access to a wide range of articles and columns created by well-regarded members of their organization and other working journalists from around the United States. Visitors can view job postings in the field, look over career columns, and even submit questions to columnists. Along with this vocationally oriented material, there are sections such as ÂdiversityÂ, ÂphotojournalismÂ, and ÂethicsÂ, which contain insightful pieces on these subjects. As might be expected given the general trends in media, there are a number of helpful blogs here that address writing for general audiences, ethical considerations for journalists, and so on. For aspiring journalists and those currently working in the profession, this site is tremendously useful.

245

LD Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

LD Online is a website focused on providing information on learning disabilities (LD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) which is geared towards parents, teachers, and professionals. The site is an educational service of public television station WETA, and also works with the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities. Visitors will find that the site addresses both children and adults with LD and ADHD, and those who are unfamiliar with LD and ADHD will appreciate the site's "Getting Started" link, which has "LD Basics", "ADHD Basics", "Questions + Answers" and a "Glossary". The "Multimedia" link of videos, audio, and transcripts will give visitors the opportunity to listen to or watch experts in the field. They can also listen to the personal stories of families, teachers, and kids with LD or ADHD. Practical tips for parents are also offered in the Multimedia link. Users will be pleasantly surprised by the optimism and determination of some of these kids, when reading their personal stories in the "Your Stories" section.

246

Geomechanical evaluation of a coal mine arched entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to minimize cutter roof failures in longwall development entries of a West Virginia coal mine, a three-entry system was developed with the center entry arched into the strata above the coal seam. The purpose of the arched entry was to modify the horizontal stress envelope associated with the three-entry system and improve roof conditions in the adjacent

J. R. Aggson; D. P. Mouyard

1988-01-01

247

Entry, regulation and economic efficiency: essays on health professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Essay 1: Entry and Regulation - Evidence from Health Care ProfessionsAbstract: In many countries pharmacies receive high regulated markups and are protected from competition through geographic entry restrictions. We develop an empirical entry model for pharmacies and physicians with two features: entry restrictions and strategic complementarities. We find that the entry restrictions have directly reduced the number of pharmacies by

Catherine Schaumans

2008-01-01

248

AN ENTRY HANDBOOK FOR THE CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF MARS MISSIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this investigation is to investigate trends in Mars entry, descent and landing conceptual mission design and propose a method of presenting this information as a handbook for conceptual design. The premise of the project is that Mars entry, descent and landing can be parameterized with five variables: (1) entry mass, (2) entry velocity, (3) entry flight path

Grant Wells; Robert Braun

249

ORBITZ, ONLINE TRAVEL AGENTS AND MARKET STRUCTURE CHANGES IN THE PRESENCE OF TECHNOLOGY-DRIVEN MARKET TRANSPARENCY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Air travel distribution has been transformed by Internet technology because of an increase in market transparency, the level of availability and accessibility of product and price information. This article attempts to explain and interpret changes in the market for online travel with the market entry of air carrier consortium-owned Orbitz, a second generation online travel agency (OTA) that significantly changed

Alok Gupta; Robert J. Kauffman

2003-01-01

250

Tripal: a construction toolkit for online genome databases  

PubMed Central

As the availability, affordability and magnitude of genomics and genetics research increases so does the need to provide online access to resulting data and analyses. Availability of a tailored online database is the desire for many investigators or research communities; however, managing the Information Technology infrastructure needed to create such a database can be an undesired distraction from primary research or potentially cost prohibitive. Tripal provides simplified site development by merging the power of Drupal, a popular web Content Management System with that of Chado, a community-derived database schema for storage of genomic, genetic and other related biological data. Tripal provides an interface that extends the content management features of Drupal to the data housed in Chado. Furthermore, Tripal provides a web-based Chado installer, genomic data loaders, web-based editing of data for organisms, genomic features, biological libraries, controlled vocabularies and stock collections. Also available are Tripal extensions that support loading and visualizations of NCBI BLAST, InterPro, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes and Gene Ontology analyses, as well as an extension that provides integration of Tripal with GBrowse, a popular GMOD tool. An Application Programming Interface is available to allow creation of custom extensions by site developers, and the look-and-feel of the site is completely customizable through Drupal-based PHP template files. Addition of non-biological content and user-management is afforded through Drupal. Tripal is an open source and freely available software package found at http://tripal.sourceforge.net

Sanderson, Lacey-Anne; Cheng, Chun-Huai; Staton, Margaret E.; Lee, Taein; Cho, Il-Hyung; Jung, Sook; Bett, Kirstin E.; Main, Doreen

2011-01-01

251

Laboratory voice data entry system.  

PubMed

We have assembled a system using a personal computer workstation equipped with standard office software, an audio system, speech recognition software and an inexpensive radio-based wireless microphone that permits laboratory workers to enter or modify data while performing other work. Speech recognition permits users to enter data while their hands are holding equipment or they are otherwise unable to operate a keyboard. The wireless microphone allows unencumbered movement around the laboratory without a "tether" that might interfere with equipment or experimental procedures. To evaluate the potential of voice data entry in a laboratory environment, we developed a prototype relational database that records the disposal of radionuclides and/or hazardous chemicals. Current regulations in our laboratory require that each such item being discarded must be inventoried and documents must be prepared that summarize the contents of each container used for disposal. Using voice commands, the user enters items into the database as each is discarded. Subsequently, the program prepares the required documentation. PMID:10631499

Praissman, J L; Sutherland, J C

1999-12-01

252

LABORATORY VOICE DATA ENTRY SYSTEM.  

SciTech Connect

We have assembled a system using a personal computer workstation equipped with standard office software, an audio system, speech recognition software and an inexpensive radio-based wireless microphone that permits laboratory workers to enter or modify data while performing other work. Speech recognition permits users to enter data while their hands are holding equipment or they are otherwise unable to operate a keyboard. The wireless microphone allows unencumbered movement around the laboratory without a ''tether'' that might interfere with equipment or experimental procedures. To evaluate the potential of voice data entry in a laboratory environment, we developed a prototype relational database that records the disposal of radionuclides and/or hazardous chemicals Current regulations in our laboratory require that each such item being discarded must be inventoried and documents must be prepared that summarize the contents of each container used for disposal. Using voice commands, the user enters items into the database as each is discarded. Subsequently, the program prepares the required documentation.

PRAISSMAN,J.L.SUTHERLAND,J.C.

2003-04-01

253

Characterization of rotavirus cell entry.  

PubMed

While recently we have learned much about the viral and cellular proteins involved in the initial attachment of rotaviruses to MA104 cells, the mechanism by which these viruses reach the interior of the cell is poorly understood. For this study, we observed the effects of drugs and of dominant-negative mutants, known to impair clathrin-mediated endocytosis and endocytosis mediated by caveolae, on rotavirus cell infection. Rotaviruses were able to enter cells in the presence of compounds that inhibit clathrin-mediated endocytosis as well as cells overexpressing a dominant-negative form of Eps15, a protein crucial for the assembly of clathrin coats. We also found that rotaviruses infected cells in which caveolar uptake was blocked; treatment with the cholesterol binding agents nystatin and filipin, as well as transfection of cells with dominant-negative caveolin-1 and caveolin-3 mutants, had no effect on rotavirus infection. Interestingly, cells treated with methyl-beta-cyclodextrin, a drug that sequesters cholesterol from membranes, and cells expressing a dominant-negative mutant of the large GTPase dynamin, which is known to function in several membrane scission events, were not infected by rotaviruses, indicating that cholesterol and dynamin play a role in the entry of rotaviruses. PMID:14963127

Sánchez-San Martín, Claudia; López, Tomás; Arias, Carlos F; López, Susana

2004-03-01

254

Perceived usefulness of data entry tools in medical encounters: a survey.  

PubMed

Electronic Health Records allows direct data entry and is an important factor for accurate diagnosis. However, two drawbacks of this system is the time needed to create them, which can reduce health care professional productivity, and the fact that it is error prone. It is important, therefore, to select the most appropriate methods and tools for data entry by the health care providers at the point of care in order to minimize a loss of productivity. The study aims to understand health care professionals' perceptions of the data entry process, and determine the appropriate methods, tools and functions that would facilitate the process, minimize loss of productivity and improve quality. A questionnaire which consisting of 18 basic questions (including demographic data) was posted on a web site which hosts questionnaires, on an established online community space and also mailed to health care professionals who are working in various hospitals for a duration of 10 months. Totally, 533 medical care professionals who are primarily from Turkey participated in the survey, of which 284 were medical doctors, 127 were nurses and the rest, other medical professionals. While the clear majority of participants involved in data entry use keyboard and mouse, most expressed a preference for more convenient methods, such as voice recognition or touch screen. Furthermore, physicians reported rarely spending more than 15 min for each consultation and conducting 21-30 examinations a day. The main motivation for creating an efficient direct data entry is to increase time allowed for patient examination, and to improve accuracy of diagnosis. Despite a heavy workload, health care professionals are very receptive to the idea of using a convenient data entry tool and keeping electronic patient records. Emergent data entry technologies in health sector can improve the quality of examinations, physicians' productivity and can decrease the percentage of medical misdiagnosis. PMID:24158426

Celikkan, Ufuk; Sahin, Yasar Guneri; Senuzun, Fisun

2013-10-26

255

Retrovirus Entry by Endocytosis and Cathepsin Proteases  

PubMed Central

Retroviruses include infectious agents inducing severe diseases in humans and animals. In addition, retroviruses are widely used as tools to transfer genes of interest to target cells. Understanding the entry mechanism of retroviruses contributes to developments of novel therapeutic approaches against retrovirus-induced diseases and efficient exploitation of retroviral vectors. Entry of enveloped viruses into host cell cytoplasm is achieved by fusion between the viral envelope and host cell membranes at either the cell surface or intracellular vesicles. Many animal retroviruses enter host cells through endosomes and require endosome acidification. Ecotropic murine leukemia virus entry requires cathepsin proteases activated by the endosome acidification. CD4-dependent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is thought to occur via endosomes, but endosome acidification is not necessary for the entry whereas entry of CD4-independent HIVs, which are thought to be prototypes of CD4-dependent viruses, is low pH dependent. There are several controversial results on the retroviral entry pathways. Because endocytosis and endosome acidification are complicatedly controlled by cellular mechanisms, the retrovirus entry pathways may be different in different cell lines.

Kubo, Yoshinao; Hayashi, Hideki; Matsuyama, Toshifumi; Sato, Hironori; Yamamoto, Naoki

2012-01-01

256

19 CFR 141.5 - Time limit for entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ENTRY OF MERCHANDISE Liability for Duties and Requirement To Enter Merchandise § 141.5 Time limit for entry. Merchandise for which entry is required will be entered within 15...

2013-04-01

257

50 CFR 679.83 - Rockfish Program entry level fishery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Rockfish Program entry level fishery. 679.83 Section 679.83 Wildlife...Program § 679.83 Rockfish Program entry level fishery. (a) Rockfish entry level fishery â(1) General. A rockfish...

2011-10-01

258

7 CFR 319.24-5 - Condition of entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Corn Diseases Regulations Governing Entry of Indian Corn Or Maize § 319.24-5 Condition of entry. The corn shall not be removed from the port of entry, nor...

2013-01-01

259

Advances in spacecraft atmospheric entry guidance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to advance entry guidance technology two different research areas have been explored with the objective of increasing the reachable landing area and the landing accuracy for future Mars missions. Currently only the northern hemisphere of Mars is available for landing due to its low elevation. Only low elevation landing sites have the necessary atmospheric density to allow landing using current Entry, Descent and Landing (EDL) technology. In order to reach most of the Ancient Highlands, the majority of the southern hemisphere, advanced EDL technology is needed in multiple fields, including entry guidance. The first research area is the definition and applications of reachable and controllable sets for entry. The definition of the reachable and controllable sets provides a framework for the study of the capabilities of an entry vehicle in a given planet. Reachable and controllable sets can be used to comprehensively characterize the envelope of trajectories that a vehicle can fly, the sites it can reach and the entry states that can be accommodated. The sets can also be used for the evaluation of trajectory planning algorithms and to assist in the selection of the entry or landing sites. In essence, the reachable and controllable sets offer a powerful vehicle and trajectory analysis and design framework that allows for better mission design choices. In order to illustrate the use of the sets, they are computed for a representative Mars mission using two different vehicle configurations. The sets characterize the impact of the vehicle configuration on the entry capability. Furthermore, the sets are used to find the best skip-entry trajectory for a return from the Moon mission, highlighting the utility of the sets in atmospheric maneuvers other than entry. The second research area is the development of the components of an entry guidance algorithm that allow high elevation landing and provide as well high landing accuracy. The approach taken follows the acceleration guidance approach successfully used in missions like the Space Shuttle. Based on this approach, a new planner has been developed that is computationally fast and provides trajectories with both high final altitude and high control authority. A new tracking law based on nonlinear predictive control has been developed to track the reference trajectory. The new tracking law accounts for control saturation, which is a common feature of trajectories in the thin Martian atmosphere with a low lift vehicle. Finally, a final position guidance algorithm that aligns the vehicle's heading towards the target and provides altitude and range control, has been developed. The new guidance algorithm provides increased accuracy as well as higher final altitude compared to an entry guidance algorithm representative of the current capabilities.

Benito Manrique, Joel

260

19 CFR 122.42 - Aircraft entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY...landing at international airport. Entry shall be made at the international airport at which first landing is...First landing at another airport. If the first...

2013-04-01

261

Voice Data Entry in NISTARS Warehouses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The reported effort was undertaken to determine the feasibility of implementing an effective voice data entry capability for NISTARS warehouses. The Fixed Carrousel Work Station was determined to offer the best opportunity for voice enhancement, based on ...

J. M. Stokes

1993-01-01

262

32 CFR 770.45 - Entry procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton, Connecticut...consent of the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, or his authorized...request to the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, at the following...

2013-07-01

263

19 CFR 10.78 - Entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Magdalen Islands, or Labrador, as such coasts are defined in the Convention of 1818 between the United States and Great Britain, shall be entitled to free entry only if the preparation or preservation is done by an American fishery....

2013-04-01

264

32 CFR 770.51 - Entry procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, Washington...advance consent of the Commander, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, or his authorized...submit a request to the Commander, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, at the...

2013-07-01

265

Entry/Exit Port testing, test report  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Receiving and Processing Module I (WRAP-1) facility must have the ability to allow 55-gallon drums to enter and exit glovebox enclosures. An Entry/Exit Port (Appendix 1, Figure 1), designed by United Engineers and Constructors (UE&C), is one method chosen for drum transfer. The Entry/Exit Port is to be used for entry of 55-gallon drums into both process entry gloveboxes, exit of 55-gallon drum waste pucks from the low-level waste (LLW) glovebox, and loadout of waste from the restricted waste management glovebox. The Entry/Exit Port relies on capture velocity air flow and a neoprene seal to provide alpha confinement when the Port is in the open and closed positions, respectively. Since the glovebox is in a slight vacuum, air flow is directed into the glovebox through the space between the overpack drum and glovebox floor. The air flow is to direct any airborne contamination into the glovebox. A neoprene seal is used to seal the Port door to the glovebox floor, thus maintaining confinement in the closed position. Entry/Exit Port testing took place February 17, 1993, through April 14, 1993, in the 305 building of Westinghouse Hanford Company. Testing was performed in accordance with the Entry/Exit Port Testing Test Plan, document number WHC-SD-WO26-TP-005. A prototype Entry/Exit Port built at the Hanford Site was tested using fluorescent paint pigment and smoke candles as simulant contaminants. This test report is an interim test report. Further developmental testing is required to test modifications made to the Port as the original design of the Port did not provide complete confinement during all stages of operation.

Winkelman, R.H.

1993-05-01

266

Flavivirus cell entry and membrane fusion.  

PubMed

Flaviviruses, such as dengue virus and West Nile virus, are enveloped viruses that infect cells through receptor-mediated endocytosis and fusion from within acidic endosomes. The cell entry process of flaviviruses is mediated by the viral E glycoprotein. This short review will address recent advances in the understanding of flavivirus cell entry with specific emphasis on the recent study of Zaitseva and coworkers, indicating that anionic lipids might play a crucial role in the fusion process of dengue virus [1]. PMID:22049308

Smit, Jolanda M; Moesker, Bastiaan; Rodenhuis-Zybert, Izabela; Wilschut, Jan

2011-02-22

267

Online promise problems with online width metrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we introduce a new program that applies ideas from parameterized complexity, and topological graph theory, to online problems. We focus on parameterized promise problems, where we are promised that the problem input obeys certain properties, or is presented in a certain fashion. We present some algorithmic ramifications of such problems in the online setting. We explore the

Rodney G. Downey; Catherine Mccartin

2007-01-01

268

Expansion of The Astronomical Almanac Online Website  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Astronomical Almanac (AsA) Online website (http://asa.usno.navy.mil/ and http://asa.hmnao.com/), a joint project between the Nautical Almanac Office (NAO) at the US Naval Observatory and Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO) at the UK Hydrographic Office, began as a supplement to the printed Astronomical Almanac. The original intent of the AsA Online was to provide data in text form for machine parsing, datasets no longer published in the book but still needed by some users, a list of errata as they become known, and a means for user feedback. For the past few years we have looked at how to improve the AsA Online by presenting additional data with methods not available in a printed book. Starting with the proof-of-concept observatory search--designed to add a dynamic element to the data from the observatory section while still maintaining the look of printed pages in the AsA--we have added: maps for lunar occultations of the planets, many minor planets, and bright stars (supplementing the Phenomena section); a table on the main page of the website that presents entries from the Diary of Phenomena for two weeks into the future; a utility for finding the geocentric coordinates of the planets (supplementing Section E); searches for some tables found in Section H (Stars), allowing users to filter the data and print a subset of the entries for ease-of-use; and a Delta T: Past, Present and Future feature updated multiple times per year. In the future, we plan to increase the amount of information on the AsA Online by adding more filterable datasets from the book, new ways of visualizing information, and options to download data in machine-friendly XML, while still maintaining the website as a complement to the printed Astronomical Almanac.

Barron, Eric G.; Bell, S. A.; Hohenkerk, C. Y.; Stewart, S. G.; Urban, S. E.

2010-01-01

269

Online Assessment Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Online assessment must measure both learning objectives and application of knowledge. Many current assessment techniques can be modified for online use. Multiple methods, including assessment of interaction and student self-assessment, should be used. (SK)|

Robles, Marcel; Braathen, Sandy

2002-01-01

270

Models of radon entry: A review  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews existing models of radon entry into houses. The primary mechanism of radon entry in houses with high indoor concentrations is, in most cases, convective entry of radon bearing soil-gas from the surrounding soil. The driving force for this convective entry is the small indoor-outdoor pressure difference arising from the stack effect and other causes. Entry points for the soil-gas generally are the cracks or gaps in the building substructure, or though other parts of the building shell in direct contact with the soil, although entry may also occur by flow though permeable concrete or cinder block walls of the substructure. Models using analytical solutions to idealized geometrical configurations with simplified boundary conditions obtain analytical tractability of equations to be solved at the cost of severe approximations; their strength is in the insights they offer with their solutions. Models based on lumped parameters attempt to characterize the significant physical behavioral characteristics of the soil-gas and radon flow. When realistic approximations are desired for the boundary conditions and terms in the governing equations, numerical models must be used; these are usually based on finite difference or finite element solutions to the governing equations. Limited data are now available for experimental verification of model predictions. The models are briefly reviewed and their strengths and limitations are discussed.

Gadgil, A.J.

1991-08-01

271

CV Surgery Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Stanford University's HighWire Press has announced the online publication of several journals. CV Surgery Online offers "a fully searchable online compilation of articles pertinent to the cardiothoracic and vascular surgeon from the 5 American Heart Association Journals: Circulation, Circulation Research, Hypertension, Stroke, and Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Surgery." Published by the American Heart Association in conjunction with HighWire Press, the free trial period for CV Surgery Online ended December 31, 2000.

1999-01-01

272

Online Advertisement Campaign Optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Like any marketing campaigns, online advertisement campaigns need to be monitored, analyzed and optimized. It is more so for online campaigns because online advertisements are usually sold in auction style. Prices can change very dynamically; the creatives, the landing pages and the targeting profiles can all be changed frequently to improve the effectiveness of a campaign. Also, the effectiveness can

Weiguo Liu; Shi Zhong; Mayank Chaudhary; Shyam Kapur

2007-01-01

273

Vegetarian Nutrition online  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many consumers have questions about vegetarian nutrition. In order to meet their needs, it is important to know which topics are of particular interest. Subscribers to commercial online computer services represent one group of consumers. Interest in various topics related to vegetarian nutrition among users of two commercial online services (America Online and CompuServe) was examined retrospectively by collecting information

E. Larson; B. Scott; B. Pasternak; D. Wasserman

1995-01-01

274

Assessing Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in traditional as well as online classrooms need more than grades from their instructors--they also need meaningful feedback to help bridge their academic knowledge and skills with their daily lives. With the increasing number of online learning classrooms, the question of how to consistently assess online learning has become increasingly…

Comeaux, Patricia, Ed.

2004-01-01

275

Implementing Online Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Online physical education, although seemingly an oxymoron, appears to be the wave of the future at least for some students. The purpose of this article is to explore research and options for online learning in physical education and to examine a curriculum, assessment, and instructional model for online learning. The article examines how physical…

Mohnsen, Bonnie

2012-01-01

276

Online Higher Education Commodity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article analyzes the current trend towards online education. It examines some of the reasons for the trend and the ramifications it may have on students, faculty and institutions of higher learning. The success and profitability of online programs and institutions such as the University of Phoenix has helped to make the move towards online

Chau, Paule

2010-01-01

277

Teaching Astronomy Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is intended to provide an overview of the practical, pedagogical, and philosophical considerations in designing a Web-based astronomy course, and to demonstrate the educational benefits that such online courses can afford students. Because online students need to take more responsibility for their learning, faculty must make course expectations extremely clear. Online education allows for increased student participation and

Mary L. Radnofsky; Matthew Bobrowsky

2004-01-01

278

Differentially Private Online Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we consider the problem of preserving privacy in the online learning setting. We study the problem in the online convex programming (OCP) framework---a popular online learning setting with several interesting theoretical and practical implications---while using differential privacy as the formal privacy measure. For this problem, we distill two critical attributes that a private OCP algorithm should have

Prateek Jain; Pravesh Kothari; Abhradeep Thakurta

2011-01-01

279

Elderly Adi Women of Arunachal Pradesh: "Living Encyclopedias" and Cultural Refugia in Biodiversity Conservation of the Eastern Himalaya, India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Elderly women of a particular socioecological system are considered to be "living encyclopedias" in biocultural knowledge systems. These women play a pivotal role in retaining and passing on biodiversity-related traditional knowledge to the next generations. Unfortunately the fast changing sociocultural values and the impact of modernity have rendered their knowledge somewhat less valuable and they are being treated as "cultural refugia." Our study on the importance of these women in the conservation of indigenous biodiversity was conducted in 14 randomly selected villages dominated by the Adi tribe of East Siang District, Arunachal Pradesh (northeast India). Data were collected from 531 women (381 elderly and 150 young to middle aged) during 2003-2008 using conventional social science methods and participatory rural appraisal. One innovative method, namely "recipe contest," was devised to mobilize Adi women of each village in order to energies them and explore their knowledge relating to traditional foods, ethnomedicines, and conservation of indigenous biodiversity. Results indicated that 55 plant species are being used by elderly Adi women in their food systems, while 34 plant species are integral parts of ethnomedicinal practices. These women identified different plant species found under multistory canopies of community forests. Elderly women were particularly skilled in preparing traditional foods including beverages and held significantly greater knowledge of indigenous plants than younger women. Lifelong experiences and cultural diversity were found to influence the significance of biodiversity use and conservation. The conservation of biodiversity occurs in three different habitats: jhum lands (shifting cultivation), Morang forest (community managed forests), and home gardens. The knowledge and practice of elderly women about habitats and multistory vegetations, regenerative techniques, selective harvesting, and cultivation practices contribute significantly to food and livelihood security while sustaining an array of threatened plant species. Basically, knowledge of elderly women on using biodiversity in food and medicinal systems was found in three categories namely: "individual," "community," and "refined." We identified a need to develop holistic policies to recognize and integrate knowledge and practices of elderly women with local level of planning on sustainable conservation of biodiversity as well as community-based adaptations.

Singh, Ranjay K.; Rallen, Orik; Padung, Egul

2013-09-01

280

Generic Entry, Reformulations, and Promotion of SSRIs  

PubMed Central

Background Previous research has shown that a manufacturer’s promotional strategy for a brand-name drug is typically affected by generic entry. However, little is known about how newer strategies to extend patent life, including product reformulation introduction or obtaining approval to market for additional clinical indications, influence promotion. Objective To examine the relationship between promotional expenditures, generic entry, reformulation entry, and new indication approval. Study Design/Setting We used quarterly data on national product-level promotional spending (including expenditures for physician detailing and direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA), and the retail value of free samples distributed in physician offices) for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) over the period 1997 through 2004. We estimated econometric models of detailing, DTCA, and total quarterly promotional expenditures as a function of the timing of generic entry, entry of new product formulations, and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for new clinical indications for existing medications in the SSRI class. Main Outcome Measure Expenditures by pharmaceutical manufacturers for promotion of antidepressant medications. Results Over the period 1997–2004, there was considerable variation in the composition of promotional expenditures across the SSRIs. Promotional expenditures for the original brand molecule decreased dramatically when a reformulation of the molecule was introduced. Promotional spending (both total and detailing alone) for a specific molecule was generally lower after generic entry than before, although the effect of generic entry on promotional spending appears to be closely linked with the choice of product reformulation strategy pursued by the manufacturer. Detailing expenditures for Paxil were increased after the manufacturer received FDA approval to market the drug for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), while the likelihood of DTCA outlays for the drug was not changed. In contrast, FDA approval to market Paxil and Zoloft for social anxiety disorder (SAD) did not affect the manufacturers’ detailing expenditures but did result in a greater likelihood of DTCA outlays. Conclusion The introduction of new product formulations appears to be a common strategy for attempting to extend market exclusivity for medications facing impending generic entry. Manufacturers that introduced a reformulation before generic entry shifted most promotion dollars from the original brand to the reformulation long before generic entry, and in some cases manufacturers appeared to target a particular promotion type for a given indication. Given the significant impact pharmaceutical promotion has on demand for prescription drugs, these findings have important implications for prescription drug spending and public health.

Donohue, Julie M.; Koss, Catherine; Berndt, Ernst R.; Frank, Richard G.

2009-01-01

281

CATER: An online problem tracking facility for SLC  

SciTech Connect

An online facility has been developed for SLC to organize and simplify the management of all problems encountered in the operation of the accelerator. CATER (Computer Aided Trouble Entry and Reporting) may be used to make the initial entry of a problem, to enter one or more solutions to a problem, to modify or closeout a problem, to generate a variety of pre-defined reports giving status and statistical summaries, and to allow anyone to browse the database. All phases of CATER can take place on the operator console, workstations, or on any ANSI compatible terminal. The user interface is designed around a menu driven windowed environment with a large amount of context sensitive help information to alleviate the need for consulting user documentation. Currently, the CATER database contains information on more than 30,000 problems entered since it went online in January of 1988. The features of the software and some implementation details will be presented.

Sass, R.C.; Shoaee, H.

1993-05-01

282

Virtual Reality Modelling Simulation of the Re-entry Motion of an Axialsymmetric Vehicle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work started during the stability analysis of the Delft Aerospace Re-entry Test demonstrator (DART) which is a small axisymmetric ballistic re-entry vehicle. The dynamic stability evaluation of an axisymmetric re-entry vehicle is especially concerned on the behaviour of its angle of attack during the flight through the atmosphere. The variation in the angle of attack is essential for prediction of the trajectory of the vehicle and for heating requirement of the structure of the vehicle. The concept of the total angle of attack and the windward meridian plane are introduced. The position of the centre of pressure can be a crucial point in the stability of the vehicle. Although the simpleness of an axisymmetric shape, the re-entry of such a vehicle is characterised by several complex phenomenologies that were analysed with the aid of the flight simulator and of a 3D virtual reality modeling simulator. Simulations were performed with a 25° AOA initial condition in order to simulate the response of the vehicle to a disturbance that may occur during the flight causing a variation in attitude from its Trim . Certain aspects of re-entry vehicle motion are conveniently described in the terms of Euler angles. Using the Eulerian angle it is possible to generate a tridimensional animation of the output of the Flight Simulator. This tridimensional analysis is of great importance in order to understand the mentioned complex motions. Furthermore with growing in computer power it is possible to generate online visualisation of the simulations. The output of the flight simulator was used in a software written in Virtual Reality Modelling Language (VRML). With VRML this software was possible the visualisation of the re-entry motion of the vehicle. With this option the animation can run on-line during the with the flight simulator and can be also easily published on the internet or send to other users in very small file size. (the VRLM simulation of the re-entry, can be seen at the official DART internet site: www.dart-project.com)

Guidi, A.; Chu, Q.. P.; Mulder, J. A.

283

MARS PATHFINDER CRUISE STAGE\\/ ENTRY VEHICLE SEPARATION DYNAMICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

I'rior to atmospheric entry, Mars Pathfinder flight system will separate its entry vehicle from its cruise stage, and establish the entry conditions for a passive and unconventional entry, descent, and landing approach. This paper summarizes a separation dynamics analysis conducted to demonstrate that the cruise separation system design is viable and ensure that adequate design marginss exist with the effects

Chia-Yen Peng; Kemeth S. Smith

1996-01-01

284

Rapid entry port for an anaerobic glove box.  

PubMed Central

A rapid entry mechanism for an anaerobic glove box is described. The entry port is practical for entry or removal of one or two items and requires only seconds to operate. No deleterious effect on isolation or growth of anaerobes has been encountered since installation of the rapid entry port 3.5 years ago. Details for its construction are given.

Gill, V J; Tipton, H W; Gersch, S M

1978-01-01

285

International petroleum encyclopedia, 1987  

SciTech Connect

Highlights of the 1987 edition include: a completely updated atlas section featuring new maps of Guatemala, the North Slope, Angola, South China Sea, Oman Offshore, Bohai Gulf, and Offshore Santa Maria Basin; a 25-page look at activity, prospects and operations in North Sea; a commentary on ''Oil After The Crash'' the current OGJ 400 Report; a look at the worldwide refining industry; a survey of refining and petrochemical catalysts; a special feature detailing EOR projects in the U.S. and worldwide; an update on activity in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico; and a current report on drilling technology.

Not Available

1987-01-01

286

Encyclopedia of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A webpage for every organism on earth is the goal of this site, which was initially funded in 2007 by the MacArthur Foundation and the Sloan Foundation. To "learn how to navigate EOL, search for content, customize your experience, and explore pages..." visitors can start with the tab "Using the Site" at the top of the page. Here, there is a video tour on general "Navigation" of the site and instructions on how specifically to use the "Species Pages". Users can check out the FAQs section under the same tab for more help. Visitors can select the "Language" tab at the top of the page to view the site in English, Spanish, Russian, Ukranian, German, or French. In the "About EOL" tab on the far upper right hand side of the page, visitors can check out the "Content Partners" link about halfway down the menu. There are over two dozen partners and links to their websites listed, including the Nearctic Spider Database, Mushroom Observer, FishBase, and AntWeb.

287

Science Fair Projects Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This comprehensive reference is intended to be used by students in researching background information on science fair projects. They can enter a keyword (e.g. scientific method, molecule, cloud, carbohydrate etc.), or choose from the listed categories. Categories for the Earth sciences include geology, meteorology, oceanography, and seismology. These links lead to further information with all technical words linked to their definition. There are no specific ideas for projects at this site.

288

Encyclopedia of Jihad  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Western powers are the chief targets of a global Islamic jihad. Once believed to be a relic of history, the notion of Islamic jihad regained a political role in the 1980s. There are multiple meanings of the term jihad. While “great jihad” implies peaceful activity “small jihad” denotes the use of violence. There has never been a war in

Alexei Malashenko; Stephen R Bowers; Valeria Ciobanu

2001-01-01

289

Methods and Compositions for P2X Receptor Calcium Entry Channels and Other Calcium Entry Mechanisms.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This invention relates generally to a method of increasing cytosolic Ca(sup 2+) levels in mammalian cells comprising contacting P2X receptor Ca(sup 2+) entry channels or any and all other Ca(sup 2+) entry channels or mechanisms on the cell with an effecti...

A. Zsembery E. Schwiebert

2004-01-01

290

INTENSITY OF COMPETITION, ENTRY AND ENTRY DETERRENCE IN RENT SEEKING CONTESTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In rent seeking contests agents compete over a given amount of resource a prize. To increase the likelihood of winning the prize, the agents expend efforts. This paper addresses the issue of entry to and entry deterrence from rent seeking contest. The main purpose of the analysis is to provide an explanation for the empirical fact that the number of

Mark Gradstein

1995-01-01

291

Barriers to entry, brand advertising, and generic entry in the US pharmaceutical industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the entry decisions of generic pharmaceutical manufacturers into markets opened by patent expiration. In particular, I examine the role of pre-expiration brand advertising to see if it deters generic entry. Other drug characteristics affect the number of entrants; the most important of these is pre-expiration brand revenue. Drugs that treat chronic conditions and drugs that are oral

Fiona M. Scott Morton

2000-01-01

292

1994 Entry-Level Athletic Training Salaries  

PubMed Central

In this study, I examined salaries for entry-level positions in athletic training during the year 1994. An entry-level position was defined as a position to be filled with an athletic trainer certified by the NATA, with no full-time paid employment experience. According to the “Placement Vacancy Notice” (NATA, Dallas, TX) and “BYLINE” (Athletic Trainer Services, Inc, Mt Pleasant, MI), there were 432 entry-level vacancies in hospital/clinics, college/universities, and high school settings. A total of 271 surveys (63%) were returned. Overall, beginning salaries for entry-level athletic training positions were $23,228 (±$3,177) for a bachelor's degree and $25,362 (±$3,883) for a master's degree. A stipend ($4,216 ± $2,039) was included in 86% of the high school positions. The term of contract for high school was usually a 10-month position (10.0 ± .9 months), hospital/clinic, 12-months (11.7 ± .7 months), while the college/university varied from 9 to 12 months (10.5 ± 1.2 months). Also included in the study was fringe benefit information: pension (other than Social Security), life, medical, dental, and vision insurance. Continued studies are recommended to establish salary norms and trends for entry-level positions so that athletic trainers will understand what monetary compensation to expect for their services.

Moss, Crayton L.

1996-01-01

293

Skip entry trajectory planning and guidance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A numerical predictor-corrector (NPC) method for trajectory planning and closed-loop guidance of low lift-to-drag (L/D) ratio vehicles during the skip entry phase of a lunar-return mission is presented. The strategy calls for controlling the trajectory by modulation of the magnitude of the vehicle's bank angle. The magnitude of the bank angle used in the skip phase is determined by satisfying the downrange requirement to the landing site. The problem is formulated as a nonlinear univariate root-finding problem. Full three degree of freedom (3DOF) nonlinear trajectory dynamics are included to achieve high accuracy of the landing prediction. In addition, the proposed approach automatically yields a direct entry trajectory when the downrange is such that a skip entry is no longer necessary. The same algorithm repeatedly applied on-board in every guidance cycle realizes closed-loop guidance in the skip entry phase. A number of issues are identified and addressed that are critical in closed-loop implementations. Extensive 3DOF dispersion simulations are performed to evaluate the performance of the proposed approach, and the results demonstrate very reliable and robust performance of the algorithm in highly stressful dispersed conditions. Comparison is made between the proposed algorithm and an earlier skip algorithm developed for the Apollo space program. It is shown that the proposed algorithm is superior to the Apollo algorithm especially when used for entries with long downranges.

Brunner, Christopher William

294

Online Courses: NSTA Online Short Course: Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Confounded by kinetic and potential energy? Intimidated by thermal energy and heat? Mystified by the concepts of conduction, convection, and radiation? You are not alone. The NSTA Online Short Course: Energy is the perfect course for science teachers inte

1900-01-01

295

Website Usage and Weight Loss in a Free Commercial Online Weight Loss Program: Retrospective Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Background Online weight loss programs are increasingly popular. However, little is known about outcomes and associations with website usage among members of free online weight loss programs. Objective This retrospective cohort study examined the association between website usage and weight loss among members of a free commercial online weight loss program (SparkPeople). Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of a systematic random sample of members who joined the program during February 1 to April 30, 2008, and included follow-up data through May 10, 2010. The main outcome was net weight change based on self-reported weight. Measures of website usage included log-ins, self-monitoring entries (weight, food, exercise), and use of social support tools (discussion forums, friendships). Results The main sample included 1258 members with at least 2 weight entries. They were 90.7% female, with mean (SD) age 33.6 (11.0) and mean (SD) BMI 31.6 (7.7). Members with at least one forum post lost an additional 1.55 kg (95% CI 0.55 kg to 2.55 kg) relative to those with no forum posts. Having at least 4 log-in days, weight entry days, or food entry days per 30 days was significantly associated with weight loss. In the multiple regression analysis, members with at least 4 weight entry days per 30 days reported 5.09 kg (95% CI 3.29 kg to 6.88 kg) more weight loss per 30 days than those with fewer weight entry days. After controlling for weight entry days, the other website usage variables were not associated with weight change. Conclusions Weekly or more frequent self-monitoring of weight is associated with greater weight loss among members of this free online weight loss program.

Ning, Jing; Trickey, Amber W; Sciamanna, Christopher N

2013-01-01

296

An alternative pathway for alphavirus entry  

PubMed Central

The study of alphavirus entry has been complicated by an inability to clearly identify a receptor and by experiments which only tangentially and indirectly examine the process, producing results that are difficult to interpret. The mechanism of entry has been widely accepted to be by endocytosis followed by acidification of the endosome resulting in virus membrane-endosome membrane fusion. This mechanism has come under scrutiny as better purification protocols and improved methods of analysis have been brought to the study. Results have been obtained that suggest alphaviruses infect cells directly at the plasma membrane without the involvement of endocytosis, exposure to acid pH, or membrane fusion. In this review we compare the data which support the two models and make the case for an alternative pathway of entry by alphaviruses.

2011-01-01

297

Conformational Coupling: A Physiological Calcium Entry Mechanism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The entry of external Ca2+ that is activated by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) may occur through a conformation coupling mechanism. IP3 receptors in the endoplasmic reticulum located in a junctional zone make contact with entry channels in the plasma membrane. IP3 may act directly to stimulate this coupling complex or IP3 could act indirectly by stimulating uncoupled IP3Rs in the vicinity of the junctional zone to induce a localized depletion of the ER store to switch on a store-operated mechanism. At physiological agonist concentrations, the earliest Ca2+ response to receptor activation may be the stimulation of entry, which is then responsible for charging up the internal store to prime the IP3Rs for the large-scale regenerative release of Ca2+ that occurs during each spike.

Michael Berridge (The Babraham Institute;Calcium Group of Laboratory of Molecular Signalling REV)

2004-07-27

298

A mouse model for HIV-1 entry  

PubMed Central

Passive transfer of neutralizing antibodies against HIV-1 can prevent infection in macaques and seems to delay HIV-1 rebound in humans. Anti-HIV antibodies are therefore of great interest for vaccine design. However, the basis for their in vivo activity has been difficult to evaluate systematically because of a paucity of small animal models for HIV infection. Here we report a genetically humanized mouse model that incorporates a luciferase reporter for rapid quantitation of HIV entry. An antibody’s ability to block viral entry in this in vivo model is a function of its bioavailability, direct neutralizing activity, and effector functions.

Pietzsch, John; Gruell, Henning; Bournazos, Stylianos; Donovan, Bridget M.; Klein, Florian; Diskin, Ron; Seaman, Michael S.; Bjorkman, Pamela J.; Ravetch, Jeffrey V.; Ploss, Alexander; Nussenzweig, Michel C.

2012-01-01

299

Virtual Voices: Online Teachers' Perceptions of Online Teaching Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Online teachers' perceptions of online teaching standards published in 2006 by the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) and the National Education Association (NEA). Interviews with two teachers from each of the four online schools were studied following an online survey of 49 online teachers from these schools. Overall, participants reported…

Smith, Robin Davidson

2009-01-01

300

ONLINE SELLERS' TRUST AND USE OF ONLINE AUCTION MARKETPLACES  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more people sell things online and trust is an important factor in online selling. This research is aimed at understanding the roles of trust in online sellers' continued use of online auction marketplaces. Given the uniqueness of online auction practice, we identify the need for differentiating sellers' trust in the intermediary and in buyers. A balanced view of

Heshan Sun

301

Online Learning in Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter will explore the implications of courseware design and use in online learning environments for not only individual\\u000a learner expectations but also expectations of the learning community as a whole. The concept of context density and its importance\\u000a in formal online learning environments will be stressed. It will be argued that the lack of adumbrations in online communication\\u000a necessitates

Diana Stirling

302

Online higher education commodity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the current trend towards online education. It examines some of the reasons for the trend and the ramifications\\u000a it may have on students, faculty and institutions of higher learning. The success and profitability of online programs and\\u000a institutions such as the University of Phoenix has helped to make the move towards online education more appealing to other

Paule Chau

2010-01-01

303

History of early Organizer Experiments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An online encyclopedia entry about the research and publication of the paper entitled: ĂÂVersuche zur Analyse der Induktionsmittel in der EmbryonalentwicklungĂÂ [Attempts to analyse the Organizer of the Embryo] and links to other articles about these associates and their historic work.

Adam R Navis (Arizona State University Center for Biology and Society)

2011-09-20

304

Asia Times Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As the world's news flows increasingly from Asian nations, those people looking for a credible online source that concentrates on this region will find it in Asia Times Online. The site's front page features top stories from Asia Times journalists as well as from other online dailies and reports, including the South China Morning Post, Business Times Online, and the Australian Financial Review. The site offers separate sections for China, Southeast Asia, Japan, the Koreas, India/ Pakistan, Central Asia, and Oceania as well as departments devoted to Business Briefs, Global Economy, and Media and Industrial Technology. The entire site, including archives, is searchable.

305

Online organic chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a comprehensive study of the many facets of an entirely online organic chemistry course. Online homework with structure-drawing capabilities was found to be more effective than written homework. Online lecture was found to be just as effective as in-person lecture, and students prefer an online lecture format with shorter Webcasts. Online office hours were found to be effective, and discussion sessions can be placed online as well. A model was created that explains 36.1% of student performance based on GPA, ACT Math score, grade in previous chemistry course, and attendance at various forms of discussion. Online exams have been created which test problem-solving skills and is instantly gradable. In these exams, students can submit answers until time runs out for different numbers of points. These facets were combined effectively to create an entirely online organic chemistry course which students prefer over the in-person alternative. Lastly, there is a vision for where online organic chemistry is going and what can be done to improve education for all.

Janowicz, Philip A.

306

Climate Research Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Inter-Research, a German-based scientific publisher, offers Climate Research (CR) Online, a scientific journal detailing the interactions of climate with organisms, ecosystems, and human societies. Currently, CR Online offers free access to the full text and graphics for all issues starting with Vol. 10 (1998). Articles (.pdf format) may be browsed online or downloaded at the site. Tables of Contents and abstracts are available for most issues before 1998. The CR Online site offers search capabilities for all CR articles since 1995. In addition, author instructions, a list of forthcoming articles, and a full listing of CR's special issues are accessible through the site.

307

Simplified modeling for infiltration and radon entry  

SciTech Connect

Air leakage in the envelopes of residential buildings is the primary mechanism for provided ventilation to those buildings. For radon the same mechanisms that drive the ventilation, drive the radon entry This paper attempts to provide a simplified physical model that can be used to understand the interactions between the building leakage distribution, the forces that drive infiltration and ventilation, and indoor radon concentrations, Combining both ventilation and entry modeling together allows an estimation of Radon concentration and exposure to be made and demonstrates how changes in the envelope or ventilation system would affect it. This paper will develop simplified modeling approaches for estimating both ventilation rate and radon entry rate based on the air tightness of the envelope and the driving forces. These approaches will use conventional leakage values (i.e. effective leakage area ) to quantify the air tightness and include natural and mechanical driving forces. This paper will introduce a simplified parameter, the Radon Leakage Area, that quantifies the resistance to radon entry. To be practical for dwellings, modeling of the occupant exposures to indoor pollutants must be simple to use and not require unreasonable input data. This paper presents the derivation of the simplified physical model, and applies that model to representative situations to explore the tendencies to be expected under different circumstances.

Sherman, M.H.

1992-08-01

308

Clinical Data Management and Remote Data Entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the pharmaceutical industry clinical data management experience as of September 1985. It looks at data turnaround in Phase III clinical studies, data-handling systems used, and remote data entry experiences across 20 companies. Data were gathered through a Drug Information Association (DIA) Workshop Survey Form. Results: (1) It takes an average of 11 weeks to get clinical data

Theresa E. Stokes

1987-01-01

309

Social Networks and Labor Market Entry Barriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

An entry barrier in the labor market can be an important source of wage inequality. This paper finds that social networks, father's education and political status, and urban household registration status (hukou identity), as well as their own education, experience, age, and gender, help people enter high-wage industries. When contrasting coastal and inland samples, after instrumenting social networks by household

Zhao Chen; Ming Lu; Hiroshi Sato

310

40 CFR 170.112 - Entry restrictions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... (2) Entry-restricted areas in greenhouses are specified in column D in table 2 under...pesticides, of the potentially harmful effects of exposure to pesticides, and of the...labor tasks, necessary to mitigate the effects of the agricultural emergency, if...

2013-07-01

311

Challenges of a Venus entry mission  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been numerous NASA and international orbiters, atmospheric probes, and landers that have explored Venus over the past 50 years. The Russian Space Agency (RSA) conducted over twenty missions to Venus from the 1960's to 1980's, including flybys, entry probes, landers and orbiters. NASA's first measurements of Venus came from a flyby of the Mariner 10 in 1973. Later

Anita Sengupta; Leslie Hall

2011-01-01

312

Radon entry control in new house construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

People exposed to high concentration levels of radon face an increased risk of developing lung cancer. The risk is directly proportional to the length and level of radon exposure. Because of health reasons, it is safer to build new houses with radon mitigation systems installed in slab-on-grade houses. However, the interrelationships between parameters and factors governing radon entry and control

Fazil T. Najafi; Lalit Lalwani; Win G. Li

1995-01-01

313

Flux entry fields in amorphous superconductors  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have measured the flux entry fields (lower critical fields H c1) of homogeneous and inhomogeneous extreme type II amorphous superconductors based on zirconium. Samples are prepared by melt quenching at both ambient and elevated substrate temperatures. The degree of homogeneity is classified according to the widths of both inductive and resistive transitions. The H c1 ( T) curves for

S. J. Poon; P. L. Dunn

1984-01-01

314

Ballistic missile re-entry dispersion  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper two important sources of re-entry trajectory dispersion are described: that due to frustum boundary-layer transition, and that due to separated flow on the indented nosetip which may occur after nosetip transition. For both phenomena, incremental lateral forces are estimated, and the effect of these forces on dispersion is evaluated. Vehicle design approaches for minimizing dispersion from these

H. H. King

1980-01-01

315

Density measurements in ballistic re-entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interdisciplinary application of experimental and numerical methods is the crucial strategy for the profound validation of numerical simulations of complex aerothermodynamic flows. Especially for the design of reusable heat shield materials the reliable re-entry heat flux prediction from numerical simulation methods became important. In this context free flight measurements gained an outstanding position for the validation of theoretical models

S Büchner; A Lieseberg; J Maul

1997-01-01

316

Fire Service Training. Forcible Entry. (Revised).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a set of fourteen instructional outlines for use in a course to train novice firemen, this guide covers the topic of forcible entry. Due to the nature of the subject, this part of the course is taught basically by lecture method, although practical applications by students are suggested wherever possible. The major areas of study include…

North Carolina State Dept. of Community Colleges, Raleigh.

317

Aerodynamics for the Mars Phoenix Entry Capsule.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Pre-flight aerodynamics data for the Mars Phoenix entry capsule are presented. The aerodynamic coefficients were generated as a function of total angle-of-attack and either Knudsen number, velocity, or Mach number, depending on the flight regime. The data...

K. T. Edquist M. Schoenenberger P. N. Desai

2008-01-01

318

SIMULATING A TAILLESS RE-ENTRY VEHICLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual Flight - RITE (Rapid Integration Test Environment) is a NASA program devoted to the development of rapid prototyping technology for the design of aerospace vehicles. In the fourth simulation entry in this series of projects, a Crew Transfer Vehicle concept design developed at NASA-Ames Research Center was simulated. This concept vehicle, known as CTV8, is a delta-wing design with

John W. Bunnell

2003-01-01

319

Virus entry: molecular mechanisms and biomedical applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viruses have evolved to enter cells from all three domains of life — Bacteria, Archaea and Eukaryotes. Of more than 3,600 known viruses, hundreds can infect human cells and most of those are associated with disease. To gain access to the cell interior, animal viruses attach to host-cell receptors. Advances in our understanding of how viral entry proteins interact with

Dimiter S. Dimitrov

2004-01-01

320

Mapping Entry Vocabulary to Unfamiliar Metadata Vocabularies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on work at the University of California, Berkeley, on the design and development of English-language indices to metadata vocabularies. Discusses the significance of unfamiliar metadata and describes the Entry Vocabulary Module which helps searchers to be more effective and increases the return on the original investment in generating…

Buckland, Michael; Chen, Aitao; Chen, Hui-Min; Kim, Youngin; Lam, Byron; Larson, Ray; Norgard, Barbara; Purat, Jacek; Gey, Frederic

1999-01-01

321

Lift modulation for maximum endurance planetary entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Optimal lift modulation for maximum endurance planetary entry trajectories of Shuttle type vehicles is investigated. The force field of the planet is considered Newtonian, and the atmosphere is assumed to be exponential. Motion is confined to the plane of a great circle to obtain maximum endurance, and a set of dimensionless variables and a normalized lift coefficient are used to

C.-Y. Yang; J.-S. Chern

1981-01-01

322

Radiative heating predictions for Huygens entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radiative heat flux predictions for the Huygens probe entry into Titan's atmosphere are presented in this paper. Radiative heating was computed with the radiation code SPECAIR, assuming a Boltzmann distribution of the excited electronic levels at a characteristic temperature taken as the vibrational temperature of the gas. CN violet is found to be the most intense emitter, followed by CN

L. Caillault; L. Walpot; T. E. Magin; A. Bourdon; C. O. Laux

2006-01-01

323

Advertising, Competition and Entry in Media Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a model of media competition with free entry when media operators are financed both from advertisers and customers. The relation between advertising receipts and sales receipts, which are both complementary and antagonist, is different if media operators impose a price or a quantity to advertisers. When consumers dislike advertising, media operators are better off setting an advertising

Claude Crampes; Carole Haritchabalet; Bruno Jullien

2005-01-01

324

Entry system development for Mars Netlander mission  

Microsoft Academic Search

For a long time, EADS SPACE Transportation has been developing specific technologies and engineering capabilities in the field of re-entry. The first achievements were dedicated to ballistic missiles, but since recent years, these skills have found direct application into planetary exploration.Among these missions, EADS SPACE Transportation was involved in: •Huygens program, in charge of the system activities and of the

P. Plotard; V. Labaste

2004-01-01

325

Dictionaries, Dictionary Grammars and Dictionary Entry Parsing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We identify two complementary processes in the conversion of machine-readable dictionaries into lexical databases: recovery of the dictionary stucture from the typographical markings which persist on the dictionary distribution tapes and embody the publishers' notational conventions; followed by making explicit all of the codified and ellided information packed into individual entries. We discuss notational conventions and tape formats, outline structural

Mary S. Neff; Branimir K. Boguraev

1989-01-01

326

Plasma Entry into the Earths Magnetosphere.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Both high- and low-altitude measurements are used to establish the salient features of the three regions presently thought to be the best candidates for the entry of magnetosheath plasma into the magnetosphere, and hence the primal sources of charged part...

L. A. Frank

1972-01-01

327

Shuttle \\/STS1\\/ entry trajectory reconstruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The methods and data used to reconstruct the Shuttle entry trajectory aerodynamics from 180 km to landing are reviewed. Onboard accelerometer and gyro measurements are used with a weighted least squares filter along with ground tracking data to provide the evolving spacecraft state. The software development is described, noting that computations include linear acceleration and angular rate data, aerodynamic coefficient,

H. R. Compton; J. T. Findlay; G. M. Kelly; M. L. Heck

1981-01-01

328

Alternative Measures of Business Entry and Exit  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the implications of alternative definitions of business units for computing statistics on business entry and exit, and job creation and destruction in the United States. The goal of the analysis is to point to ways to harmonize comparisons of business demographics across different sources and types of data and across countries. Using the Census Bureau's Longitudinal Business

Ronald S. Jarmin; Javier Miranda; Kristin Sandusky

329

31 CFR 363.201 - What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds? 363...Securities § 363.201 What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills,...

2013-07-01

330

Encyclopaedia of the Orient  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Tore Kjeilen, a Norwegian scholar, the Encyclopaedia of the Orient is an online reference work that provides information on North Africa and the Middle East, encompassing all cultures and nations from "Mauritania in the west and Iran in the east, Turkey in the north and Sudan in south." The encyclopedia, which is updated weekly, contains 500 compendious entries, from Abadan to Zurvanism, comprised of original articles, photographs, graphics, music clips, and pronunciation clips. Users may search the encyclopedia by keyword or browse the entries via the alphabetical index.

331

The Changing Online Landscape: From Free-for-All To Commercial Gatekeeping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the literature on Internet use looks at the behavior of users in isolation from institutional factors that also affect how people use the medium. This chapter looks at how decisions at the organizational level influence what people do online and more specifically, how they find their way to information on the Web. Big point-of-entry sites make strategic business

Eszter Hargittai

332

Gaming\\/Writing: Alternative Discourse Communities in Online or Digitally Enhanced Technical Writing Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This presentation focuses on the infusion of computer gaming into writing pedagogy at those entry points where the practice can enrich online or digitally enhanced technical writing courses. We ground our conceptualization of community briefly and explain how we invoked this understanding as a heuristic during ethnographic study of dedicated gamers. We discuss interviews that shed light on the intersections

Anne R. Richards; Adrienne P. Lamberti

2007-01-01

333

Online Learning in Higher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: Ghanaian University Students' Experiences and Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study adopted a qualitative case-study approach to examine the attitudes, experiences, and perceptions of undergraduate students who were enrolled in an online, collaborative learning course at a Ghanaian private university. Data sources included surveys, student and instructor journal entries, email records, individual interviews, and…

Asunka, Stephen

2008-01-01

334

Understanding selection bias, time-lags and measurement bias in secondary data sources: Putting the Encyclopedia of Associations database in broader context.  

PubMed

Secondary data gathered for purposes other than research play an important role in the social sciences. A recent data release has made an important source of publicly available data on associational interests, the Encyclopedia of Associations (EA), readily accessible to scholars (www.policyagendas.org). In this paper we introduce these new data and systematically investigate issues of lag between events and subsequent reporting in the EA, as these have important but under-appreciated effects on time-series statistical models. We further analyze the accuracy and coverage of the database in numerous ways. Our study serves as a guide to potential users of this database, but we also reflect upon a number of issues that should concern all researchers who use secondary data such as newspaper records, IRS reports and FBI Uniform Crime Reports. PMID:24090865

Bevan, Shaun; Baumgartner, Frank R; Johnson, Erik W; McCarthy, John D

2013-08-22

335

19 CFR 18.11 - Entry; classes of goods for which entry is authorized; form used.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...determine the contents of the shipment. Such merchandise covered by quarantines and regulations administered by the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine shall be forwarded under such entries only upon written permission of or under regulations...

2009-04-01

336

19 CFR 18.11 - Entry; classes of goods for which entry is authorized; form used.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...determine the contents of the shipment. Such merchandise covered by quarantines and regulations administered by the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine shall be forwarded under such entries only upon written permission of or under regulations...

2010-04-01

337

Online Advertising in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Online social networks offer opportunities to analyze user behavior and social connectivity and leverage resulting insights for effective online advertising. This chapter focuses on the role of social network information in online display advertising.

Bagherjeiran, Abraham; Bhatt, Rushi P.; Parekh, Rajesh; Chaoji, Vineet

338

ALICAT. The Online Catalog.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide for users of the Adelphi University Libraries provides instructions for accessing the bibliographic records of the libraries' holdings, which have been stored online since 1968. The steps necessary to search the Adelphi Libraries Catalog Online (ALICAT) by author, title, subject, or call number are explained using text and…

Ok Park, Hye, Ed.; And Others

339

Vegetable MD Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Plant Pathology at Cornell University provides this online guide to vegetable diseases. A compilation of vegetable disease fact sheets, the site is organized by crop and offers photographic images and a description of each vegetable crop in healthy and diseased states. The site also includes an Online Glossary of Technical Terms in Plant Pathology and links to additional resources.

Mcgrath, Margaret.; Zitter, T. A. (Thomas Andrew), 1941-

2001-01-01

340

Online Videoconferencing Products: Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Software allowing real-time online video connectivity is rapidly evolving. The ability to connect students, staff, and guest speakers instantaneously carries great benefits for the online distance education classroom. This evaluation report compares four software applications at opposite ends of the cost spectrum: "DimDim", "Elluminate VCS",…

Burton, Douglas; Kitchen, Tim

2011-01-01

341

My Life Online!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author shares her experience in using online teaching and learning with students. She describes her journey that has continued from hesitant beginnings into what has almost become a life online. As a lecturer in Arts, the author was often faced with the threat of units being slashed because of low numbers. One such unit was an…

Connell, Lorraine

2002-01-01

342

Authoritative Online Editions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author discusses how it is now very easy for anyone to find formerly hard-to-find books such as the works of Walt Whitman with the help of online booksellers. The author also describes the efforts made by various institutions to produce online editions of the works of major writers. One such prominent project is the archive…

Benton, Thomas H.

2007-01-01

343

Online personals: an overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online personal advertisements have recently become an easy, socially acceptable way to meet partners for dates or relationships. Because popular personals systems not only reflect but also have the potential to reshape how people attract one another, date, and fall in love, the design of these systems merits careful consideration. We present a survey of current styles of online personals,

Andrew T. Fiore; Judith S. Donath

2004-01-01

344

What's Next Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What's Next Online is a free online newsletter which focuses on business marketing tips and discussion. Written and edited by B.L. Ochman, each issue contains several short articles about current issues in marketing as well as a list of annotated, notable links. Past issues are archived, and interested users may subscribe to the email version of the newsletter.

345

Improved Online Hypercube Packing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we study online multidimensional bin packing problem when all items are hypercubes. Based on the techniques in one dimensional bin packing algorithm Super Harmonic by Seiden, we give a framework for online hypercube packing problem and obtain new upper bounds of asymptotic competitive ratios. For square packing, we get an upper bound of 2.1439, which is better

Xin Han; Deshi Ye; Yong Zhou

2006-01-01

346

Teaching Astronomy Online  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Swinburne Astronomy Online (SAO) is a fully online graduate astronomy program with students and instructors located in over 30 countries around the globe. SAO uses a hybrid online form of delivery with image and animation-rich course content provided on CD-ROMs and the Internet used for communication research and assessment purposes. Now in its nineth semester and continuing to grow SAO can be considered a 'success story' in new teaching methods and used as an example for online education programs. One of the key distinguishing features of online education as compared to other forms of distance education is the opportunity for instructors and students to interact via online asynchronous discussion forums. Asynchronous discussion forums are used to a varying degree in different online academic programs and in widely different ways. In this paper we will give a historical overview of SAO and how it operates what astronomy we teach online and why specifically focusing on the use of asynchronous discussion forums - which are a central feature of the SAO program - as a learning and teaching tool

Maddison, Sarah T.; Mazzolini, Margaret M.

347

Facilitating online discussions effectively  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a synthesis of the theoretical and research literature on facilitating asynchronous online discussions effectively. Online courses need to be designed so that they provide motivation for students to engage in productive discussions and clearly describe what is expected, perhaps in the form of a discussion rubric. Additionally, instructors need to provide discussion forums for socio-emotional discussions that

Alfred P. Rovai

2007-01-01

348

CHILDREN AND ONLINE RISK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on the risks associated with children's use of the internet often aims to inform policies of risk prevention. Yet paralleling the effort to map the nature and extent of online risk is a growing unease that the goal of risk prevention tends to support an over-protective, risk-averse culture that restricts the freedom of online exploration that society encourages for

Elisabeth Staksrud; Sonia Livingstone

2009-01-01

349

Serving the Online Learner  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Systems and services for recruiting, advising, and support of online students have seldom been at the top of the list when planning online and distance learning programs. That is now changing: Forces pushing advising and support services into the foreground include recognition of the student learner as "customer" and the increasing expectations…

Boettcher, Judith V.

2007-01-01

350

Evaluating Online Learning Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews recent evaluation studies of online learning communities to provide a systematic understanding of how such communities are evaluated. Forty-two representative studies were selected and categorized into a newly developed taxonomy of online learning community evaluations. This taxonomy is divided into four components: evaluation…

Ke, Fengfeng; Hoadley, Christopher

2009-01-01

351

On-Line Nutrition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Several sources of nutrition information are available on the Internet. Good online sources include the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food and Consumer Service bulletin board, the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, and the IFIC (International Food Information Council) Foundation On-Line. E-mail addresses…

Kongshem, Lars

1995-01-01

352

Usability of Online maps  

Microsoft Academic Search

Maps have been in paper based format for many centuries. With the great invention of internet, map, has been developed and evolved into digitalized online GIS (Geographic Information System). Many online map websites are getting much easier to use for common users, even the users do not have strong computer and geographic knowledge. When travelling to an unfamiliar place, even

ZHANPENG HUO

353

Visualizing Online Auctions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online auctions have been the subject of many empirical research efforts in the fields of economics and information systems. These research efforts are often based on analyzing data from Web sites such as eBay.com which provide public information about sequences of bids in closed auctions, typically in the form of tables on HTML pages. The existing literature on online auctions

Galit Shmueli; Wolfgang Jank

2005-01-01

354

Practical online retrieval evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online evaluation is amongst the few evaluation techniques available to the information retrieval community that is guaranteed to reflect how users actually respond to improvements developed by the community. Broadly speaking, online evaluation refers to any evaluation of retrieval quality conducted while observing user behavior in a natural context. However, it is rarely employed outside of large commercial search engines

Filip Radlinski; Yisong Yue

2011-01-01

355

Economic of online music  

Microsoft Academic Search

Novel online file sharing technologies have created new market dynamics for the online distribution of digital goods. But the new potential benefits for consumers are juxtaposed against challenges and opportunities for sellers of such goods. Here we investigate one type of digital experience good, music, whose markets include the presence of piracy options. We present five different pricing models running

Sudip Bhattacharjee; Ram D. Gopal; Kaveepan Lertwachara; James R. Marsden

2003-01-01

356

Competitive Online Multicommodity Routing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we study online multicommodity routing prob- lems in networks, in which commodities have to be routed sequentially. The flow of each commodity can be split on several paths. Arcs are equipped with load dependent price functions defining routing costs, which have to be minimized. We discuss a greedy online algorithm that routes each commodity by minimizing a

Tobias Harks; Stefan Heinz; Marc E. Pfetsch

2006-01-01

357

Online Phase Detection Algorithms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's virtual machines (VMs) dynamically optimize an application as it is executing, often employing optimiza- tions that are specialized for the current execution profile. An online phase detector determines when an executing program is in a stable period of program execution (a phase) or is in transition. A VM using an online phase detector can apply specialized optimizations during a

Priya Nagpurkar; Michael Hind; Chandra Krintz; Peter F. Sweeney; V. T. Rajan

358

Accessible Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The number of online courses offered at the postsecondary level is increasing at a rate greater than the increase in overall higher education enrollment, with approximately one of every four higher education students taking at least one course online (Allen and Seaman, 2009). In 2008, students with disabilities represented nearly 11% of all…

Case, D. Elizabeth; Davidson, Roseanna C.

2011-01-01

359

Children's Online Privacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first federal Internet privacy law (the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act) provides safeguards for children by regulating collection of their personal information. Unfortunately, teens are not protected. Legislation is pending to protect children from online marketers such as ZapMe! Interactive technologies require constant vigilance.…

Aidman, Amy

2000-01-01

360

ALICAT. The Online Catalog.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide for users of the Adelphi University Libraries provides instructions for accessing the bibliographic records of the libraries' holdings, which have been stored online since 1968. The steps necessary to search the Adelphi Libraries Catalog Online (ALICAT) by author, title, subject, or call number are explained using text and…

Ok Park, Hye, Ed.; And Others

361

Online First publication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The editors of Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology and Springer-Verlag are pleased to announce a new service for authors and readers: Online First, the immediate online publication of all accepted papers as soon as the authors have returned the corrected proofs. Whereas the fully electronic versions of Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology used to appear at the same time as

Gerhard A. Holzapfel; Jay D. Humphrey

2003-01-01

362

Tripal: a construction toolkit for online genome databases.  

PubMed

As the availability, affordability and magnitude of genomics and genetics research increases so does the need to provide online access to resulting data and analyses. Availability of a tailored online database is the desire for many investigators or research communities; however, managing the Information Technology infrastructure needed to create such a database can be an undesired distraction from primary research or potentially cost prohibitive. Tripal provides simplified site development by merging the power of Drupal, a popular web Content Management System with that of Chado, a community-derived database schema for storage of genomic, genetic and other related biological data. Tripal provides an interface that extends the content management features of Drupal to the data housed in Chado. Furthermore, Tripal provides a web-based Chado installer, genomic data loaders, web-based editing of data for organisms, genomic features, biological libraries, controlled vocabularies and stock collections. Also available are Tripal extensions that support loading and visualizations of NCBI BLAST, InterPro, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes and Gene Ontology analyses, as well as an extension that provides integration of Tripal with GBrowse, a popular GMOD tool. An Application Programming Interface is available to allow creation of custom extensions by site developers, and the look-and-feel of the site is completely customizable through Drupal-based PHP template files. Addition of non-biological content and user-management is afforded through Drupal. Tripal is an open source and freely available software package found at http://tripal.sourceforge.net. PMID:21959868

Ficklin, Stephen P; Sanderson, Lacey-Anne; Cheng, Chun-Huai; Staton, Margaret E; Lee, Taein; Cho, Il-Hyung; Jung, Sook; Bett, Kirstin E; Main, Doreen

2011-09-29

363

9 CFR 93.806 - Animals refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PRODUCTS; REQUIREMENTS FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Elephants, Hippopotami, Rhinoceroses, and Tapirs § 93.806 Animals refused entry. Any elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, or tapir refused entry into...

2013-01-01

364

15 CFR 2011.204 - Entry of specialty sugars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Entry of specialty sugars. 2011.204 Section 2011.204 Commerce...ALLOCATION OF TARIFF-RATE QUOTA ON IMPORTED SUGARS, SYRUPS AND MOLASSES Specialty Sugar § 2011.204 Entry of specialty...

2013-01-01

365

32 CFR 525.4 - Entry authorization (policy).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Whether crew or passengers have in their possession firearms or cameras. (3) Entry authorizations may be granted for either single...Whether crew or passengers have in their possession firearms or cameras. (3) Entry authorizations may be granted for either...

2013-07-01

366

30 CFR 877.14 - Entry for emergency reclamation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Entry for emergency reclamation. 877.14 Section 877.14...Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION RIGHTS OF ENTRY §...

2013-07-01

367

19 CFR 10.100 - Entry, examination, and tariff status.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...A REDUCED RATE, ETC. General Provisions United States Government Importations § 10.100 Entry, examination...for the account of any agency or office of the United States Government are subject to the usual Customs entry...

2013-04-01

368

9. INTERIOR, VIEW SHOWING MAIN STAIRWAY AND ENTRY HALL THROUGH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. INTERIOR, VIEW SHOWING MAIN STAIRWAY AND ENTRY HALL THROUGH ENTRY INTO PARLOR. TAKEN FROM SOUTHWEST CORNER OF PARLOR, LOOKING NORTHWEST - Farquhar House, 1601 Sandy Spring Road (Route 108), Sandy Spring, Montgomery County, MD

369

9 CFR 93.806 - Animals refused entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PRODUCTS; REQUIREMENTS FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Elephants, Hippopotami, Rhinoceroses, and Tapirs § 93.806 Animals refused entry. Any elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, or tapir refused entry into...

2010-01-01

370

9 CFR 93.220 - Inspection at port of entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...poultry found to be free from communicable disease and fever tick infestation and not to have been exposed thereto, shall...been exposed to a communicable disease, or infested with fever ticks, shall be refused entry. Poultry refused entry, unless...

2013-01-01

371

50 CFR 660.515 - Renewal of limited entry permits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...for renewal of a permit on forms available from the SFD. (e) The permit owner is responsible for renewing a limited entry permit. (f) An expired permit cannot be used to fish for CPS in the limited entry...

2012-10-01

372

50 CFR 660.515 - Renewal of limited entry permits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for renewal of a permit on forms available from the SFD. (e) The permit owner is responsible for renewing a limited entry permit. (f) An expired permit cannot be used to fish for CPS in the limited entry...

2011-10-01

373

27 CFR 479.22 - Right of entry and examination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Right of entry and examination. 479.22...JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE GUNS, DESTRUCTIVE DEVICES, AND CERTAIN OTHER...Miscellaneous Provisions § 479.22 Right of entry and examination....

2010-04-01

374

27 CFR 479.22 - Right of entry and examination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Right of entry and examination. 479.22...JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION MACHINE GUNS, DESTRUCTIVE DEVICES, AND CERTAIN OTHER...Miscellaneous Provisions § 479.22 Right of entry and examination....

2009-04-01

375

7 CFR 330.104 - Ports of entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FEDERAL PLANT PEST REGULATIONS; GENERAL; PLANT PESTS; SOIL, STONE, AND QUARRY PRODUCTS; GARBAGE General Provisions § 330.104 Ports of entry. Ports of entry for...

2013-01-01

376

7 CFR 319.75-8 - Ports of entry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Khapra Beetle § 319.75-8 Ports of entry. Any restricted article shall be imported only at a port of entry identified...

2013-01-01

377

Online Training in an Online World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses electronic learning in the corporate world and other training settings. Reports results of a Web-based survey that addressed training methods; interest in Web-based learning; organizational support for Web-based courses; types of online training; in-house training development versus outsourcing; assessment; pedagogical practices;…

Bonk, Curtis J.

2002-01-01

378

Talking Online: Reflecting on Online Communication Tools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the value and constraints of varied online communication tools from web 2.0 to e-mail in a higher education (HE) teaching and learning context, where these tools are used to support or be the main focus of learning. Design/methodology/approach: A structured reflection is produced with the aid of…

Greener, Susan

2009-01-01

379

Shuttle /STS-1/ entry trajectory reconstruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The methods and data used to reconstruct the Shuttle entry trajectory aerodynamics from 180 km to landing are reviewed. Onboard accelerometer and gyro measurements are used with a weighted least squares filter along with ground tracking data to provide the evolving spacecraft state. The software development is described, noting that computations include linear acceleration and angular rate data, aerodynamic coefficient, and inertial measurement units, sampled at 170 Hz. Ground tracking data was gathered on S- and C-bands; Guam data is considered critical as it was taken during the blackout at the beginning of entry. The generation of a best estimate trajectory, combining flight and ground data, yields inplane parameters of altitude, flight path angle, and velocity for comparison with navigational instrumentation. Predicted lift/drag ratios were found to be accurate from Mach 1-25, and up to 23% low below Mach 1.

Compton, H. R.; Findlay, J. T.; Kelly, G. M.; Heck, M. L.

1981-11-01

380

Available hardware for automated entry control  

SciTech Connect

Automated entry control has become an increasingly important issue at facilities where budget constraints are limiting options for manned entry control points. Ongoing work at Sandia National Laboratories is attempting to establish a data base for use by facility security managers working the problem of how to maintain security on a limited budget. Sandia National Laboratories conducted a performance test of the following biometric verifiers: (1) voice verifier by Alpha Microsystems of Santa Ana, California; (2) signature dynamics verifier by Autosig Systems of Irving, Texas; (3) voice verifier by Ecco Industries of Danvers, Massachusetts (now International Electronics); (4) retinal pattern verifier by EyeDentify of Portland, Oregon; (5) fingerprint verifier by Identix of Sunnyvale, California; and (6) hand geometry verifier by Recognition Systems of San Jose, California.

Holmes, J.P. (Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States))

1990-01-01

381

Cell entry of hepatitis C virus  

SciTech Connect

Hepatitis C virus (HCV), an important human pathogen, is an enveloped, positive-stranded RNA virus classified in the hepacivirus genus of the Flaviviridae family. Cell attachment of flaviviruses generally leads to endocytosis of bound virions. Systems that support HCV replication and particle formation in vitro are emerging only now, 16 years after the discovery of the virus. Albeit this limitation, the route of HCV cell entry as well as 'capture' molecules involved in low-affinity interactions for the initial contact of HCV with target cells and potential high-affinity receptor candidates that may mediate HCV trafficking and fusion has been described. The objective of this review is to summarize the contribution of different HCV model systems to our current knowledge about structure of the HCV GPs E1 and E2 and their roles in cell entry comprising cell attachment, interactions with cellular receptors, endocytosis, and fusion.

Bartosch, Birke [INSERM, U758, Lyon (France) and Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, Lyon (France) and IFR128 BioSciences Lyon-Gerland, Lyon (France)]. E-mail: Birke.Bartosch@ens-lyon.fr; Cosset, Francois-Loic [INSERM, U758, Lyon (France) and Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, Lyon (France) and IFR128 BioSciences Lyon-Gerland, Lyon (France)]. E-mail: Francois-Loic.Cosset@ens-lyon.fr

2006-04-25

382

Multiple Radon Entry Modeling in a House with a Cellar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Combining a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model and a multi-zonal model, a study was carried out on radon entry through the complex substructure of a house with a cellar. The uniqueness of the radon entry problem in this type of house was due to the involvement of two radon entry routes to two chambers: the cellar and the living area

Fan Wang; Ian C. Ward

1999-01-01

383

The importance of femoral intramedullary entry point in knee arthroplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this cadaveric study was to investigate how alignment of the femoral component in knee arthroplasty may be influenced by the entry site of the femoral intramedullary alignment rod. The angle between the rod and the distal femoral articular surface was measured in 20 non-arthritic cadaveric femurs using three different entry points. Entry points 10 mm anterior to

I. J Harding; R. W Crawford; P Mclardy-Smith; D. W Murray

1999-01-01

384

EZ-Entry: A clinical data management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a new data management system named EZ-Entry is introduced. Five major functions are enclosed in this system: (1) user authentication; (2) database construction; (3) double data entry with instant alignment; (4) revision tracking; (5) query management. The practical application performed on two clinical trials indicates that EZ-Entry meets the requirements of clinical data management with high efficiency

Qing-Bin Gao; Yu Kong; Zheng Fu; Jian Lu; Cheng Wu; Zhi-Chao Jin; Jia He

2008-01-01

385

Thermal Analysis Methods for an Earth Entry Vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thermal analysis of a vehicle designed to return samples from another planet, such as the Earth Entry vehicle for the Mars Sample Return mission, presents several unique challenges. The Earth Entry Vehicle (EEV) must contain Martian material samples after they have been collected and protect them from the high heating rates of entry into the Earth's atmosphere. This requirement necessitates

Ruth M. Amundsen; John A. Dec; Michael C. Lindell

2002-01-01

386

Matched asymptotic solutions for a hypervelocity atmospheric entry vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trajectories of unguided hypervelocity atmospheric entry vehicles are investigated analytically using the method of matched asymptotic expansions. Ballistic entry into the atmosphere of a spherical, non-rotating planet is solved for using both constant and velocity dependent drag coefficient models. The analytical solutions are used to predict a variety of re-entry parameters and comparisons are made with a variable drag

Chris F. O'Neill; Colin R. McInnes

1993-01-01

387

A LIGHTWEIGHT INFLATABLE HYPERSONIC DRAG DEVICE FOR VENUS ENTRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author has studied inflatable drag devices (ballute = balloon + parachute) for deceleration in the atmosphere of Venus, for both direct aerocapture and for entry from circular orbit. The studies indicate that ballutes made of thin materials capable of temperatures of about 500 C allow an entry system mass that is , for both aerocapture and entry, less than

Angus D. McRonald

388

Food Marketing Liberalization and Trader Entry: Evidence from Madagascar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food marketing liberalization was expected to induce massive trader entry and competitive markets in Africa. Despite evidence of trader entry, enterprise expansion remains difficult and many claim market power persists, though perhaps in different hands. This paper confronts this puzzle of substantial market entry that might not foster competition. Data from Madagascar reveal distinct groups within rural food marketing channels,

Christopher B. Barrett

1997-01-01

389

31 CFR 357.0 - Book-entry systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Book-entry systems. 357.0 Section 357...THE PUBLIC DEBT REGULATIONS GOVERNING BOOK-ENTRY TREASURY BONDS, NOTES AND BILLS...DIRECT General Information § 357.0 Book-entry systems. (a) Treasury...

2009-07-01

390

31 CFR 357.0 - Book-entry systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Book-entry systems. 357.0 Section 357...THE PUBLIC DEBT REGULATIONS GOVERNING BOOK-ENTRY TREASURY BONDS, NOTES AND BILLS...DIRECT General Information § 357.0 Book-entry systems. (a) Treasury...

2013-07-01

391

31 CFR 357.0 - Book-entry systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Book-entry systems. 357.0 Section 357...THE PUBLIC DEBT REGULATIONS GOVERNING BOOK-ENTRY TREASURY BONDS, NOTES AND BILLS...DIRECT General Information § 357.0 Book-entry systems. (a) Treasury...

2010-07-01

392

40 CFR 86.606-84 - Entry and access.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Entry and access. 86.606-84 ...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW...related to entry and access pursuant to a warrant...or not the recipient controls the facility. In the...related to entry and access only upon the...

2013-07-01

393

30 CFR 75.326 - Mean entry air velocity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Mean entry air velocity. 75.326 Section 75.326 ...Ventilation § 75.326 Mean entry air velocity. In exhausting face ventilation systems, the mean entry air velocity shall be at least 60 feet...

2009-07-01

394

30 CFR 75.326 - Mean entry air velocity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Mean entry air velocity. 75.326 Section 75.326 ...Ventilation § 75.326 Mean entry air velocity. In exhausting face ventilation systems, the mean entry air velocity shall be at least 60 feet...

2010-07-01

395

Potential competition and coordination in a market-entry game  

Microsoft Academic Search

When there are too many potential competitors available to exploit a new market opportunity, the risk of multiple entry may discourage entry. This paper employs a contest to coordinate entry and compares the outcome with the mixed-strategy approach. Expected profit per firm decreases with potential competition and welfare eventually decreases with potential competition for many contest designs. The contest outcome

Kofi O. Nti

2000-01-01

396

Export entry and exit by German firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Export Entry and Exit by German Firms. — While exports have played an important role in German business cycles, little is\\u000a known about the export supply response of German firms. This paper presents a dynamic model of the export decision by a profit-maximizing\\u000a firm. Using a panel of German manufacturing plants, we test for the role of plant characteristics and

Andrew B. Bernard; Joachim Wagner

2001-01-01

397

Predicting text entry speed on mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a model for predicting expert text entry rates for several input methods on a 12-key mobile phone keypad. The model includes a movement component based on Fitts' law and a linguistic component based on digraph, or letter-pair, probabilities. Predictions are provided for one-handed thumb and two-handed index finger input. For the traditional multi-press method or the lesser-used two-key

Miika Silfverberg; I. Scott MacKenzie; Panu Korhonen

2000-01-01

398

New (fluorescent) light on poliovirus entry  

PubMed Central

To initiate infection, poliovirus must release its RNA genome to the cytoplasm of a target cell, a process called uncoating. How this occurs has remained uncertain, despite studies over several decades. Two new studies readdress the question of poliovirus entry. The results suggest that poliovirus enters different cells by different mechanisms, and point to a role for virus-induced intracellular signals in the process.

Bergelson, Jeffrey M.

2008-01-01

399

Flux entry field in amorphous superconductors  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have measured the flux entry fields (lower critical fields H\\/sub c1\\/) of homogeneous and inhomogeneous extreme type II amorphous superconductors based on zirconium. Samples are prepared by melt quenching of both ambient and elevated substrate temperatures. The degree of homogeneity is classified according to the widths of both inductive and resistive transitions. The H\\/sub c1\\/(T) curves for ''powdered'' homogeneous

S. J. Poon; P. L. Dunn

1984-01-01

400

Flux entry fields in amorphous superconductors  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have measured the flux entry fields (lower critical fieldsHc1) of homogeneous and inhomogeneous extreme type II amorphous superconductors based on zirconium. Samples are prepared by melt quenching at both ambient and elevated substrate temperatures. The degree of homogeneity is classified according to the widths of both inductive and resistive transitions. TheHc1 (T) curves for “powdered” homogeneous samples with weak

S. J. Poon; P. L. Dunn

1984-01-01

401

Gestural text entry on multiple devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present various adaptations of the EdgeWrite unistroke text entry method that work on multiple computer input devices: styluses, touchpads, displacement and isometric joysticks, four keys or buttons, and trackballs. We argue that consistent, flexible, multi-device input is important to both accessibility and to ubiquitous computing. For accessibility, multi-device input means users can switch among devices, distributing strain and fatigue

Jacob O. Wobbrock; Brad A. Myers

2005-01-01

402

A flexible fireball entry track calculation program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A computer program developed by Esko Lyytinen is currently in use for trajectory analysis of meteors collected by the Finnish Fireball Working Group. This paper provides instructions for its use along with processing examples from different phases of the calculation. The pro- gram is written in Microsoft Excel and it is available for download via the following link: http://lyytinen.name/esko/fb entry vers 1.zip.

Lyytinen, Esko; Gritsevich, Maria

2013-01-01

403

Skip entry trajectory planning and guidance  

Microsoft Academic Search

A numerical predictor-corrector (NPC) method for trajectory planning and closed-loop guidance of low lift-to-drag (L\\/D) ratio vehicles during the skip entry phase of a lunar-return mission is presented. The strategy calls for controlling the trajectory by modulation of the magnitude of the vehicle's bank angle. The magnitude of the bank angle used in the skip phase is determined by satisfying

Christopher William Brunner

2008-01-01

404

Generalized barriers to entry and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In their catching-up processes, less developed countries face inter-country barriers which hamper their efforts to imitate\\u000a the technologies of advanced countries. These international barriers to entry can be traced back to differences in the institutions\\u000a supporting technological advancement and to the physical and intangible resources necessary for the creation of new competences.\\u000a In less developed countries, these international barriers aggravate

Pier Paolo Saviotti; Andreas Pyka

2011-01-01

405

Early Steps in Rotavirus Cell Entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rotaviruses, the leading cause of severe dehydrating diarrhea in infants and young children worldwide, are non-enveloped viruses\\u000a formed by three concentric layers of protein that enclose a genome of double-stranded RNA. These viruses have a specific cell\\u000a tropism in vivo, infecting primarily the mature enterocytes of the villi of the small intestine. It has been found that rotavirus\\u000a cell entry

S. Lopez; C. F. Arias

406

Duopoly Dynamics with a Barrier to Entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the effects of raising the cost of entry for a potential competitor on infinite-horizon Markov-perfect duopoly dynamics with ongoing demand uncertainty. All entrants serving the model industry incur sunk costs, and exit avoids future fixed costs. We focus on the unique equilibrium with last-in first-out expectations: A firm never exits leaving behind an active younger rival. We

Jaap H. Abbring; Jeffrey R. Campbell

2007-01-01

407

Text entry with KeyScretch  

Microsoft Academic Search

KeyScretch is a recently proposed text entry method which makes use of gestures to input frequent word chunks on a menu-augmented soft keyboard. Each gesture is initiated on a key and is driven by the key surrounding menu. In this paper we present the performance of an instance of the method with a 4-items menu, specifically designed for the Italian

Gennaro Costagliola; Vittorio Fuccella; Michele Di Capua

2011-01-01

408

Survey of convective blockage for planetary entries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During a planetary entry, the decomposition of the thermal protection system material resin by the pyrolysis process produces strong blowing gases that are injected into the boundary layer. Induced by the blowing gas, the blockage phenomenon has a strong effect on the level of heat-fluxes. For some entries, such as Earth super-orbital re-entries characteristic of sample return missions, blockage is one of the key issues that have to be addressed. Additionally, this phenomenon is strongly linked to turbulence and to the porous aspects of the ablative material. Here, experimental, numerical and flight data available for different missions, involving high level of heat-fluxes, are gathered and discussed. The models for convective blockage found in the literature have been reviewed in order to select a generic way to estimate this phenomenon. It appears from this study that the convective blockage is still not fully understood and that there is no established approach for its accurate modelling since most of the existing correlations possess a high degree of empiricism.

Reynier, Philippe

2013-02-01

409

Cellular factors implicated in filovirus entry.  

PubMed

Although filoviral infections are still occurring in different parts of the world, there are no effective preventive or treatment strategies currently available against them. Not only do filoviruses cause a deadly infection, but they also have the potential of being used as biological weapons. This makes it imperative to comprehensively study these viruses in order to devise effective strategies to prevent the occurrence of these infections. Entry is the foremost step in the filoviral replication cycle and different studies have reported the involvement of a myriad of cellular factors including plasma membrane components, cytoskeletal proteins, endosomal components, and cytosolic factors in this process. Signaling molecules such as the TAM family of receptor tyrosine kinases comprising of Tyro3, Axl, and Mer have also been implicated as putative entry factors. Additionally, filoviruses are suggested to bind to a common receptor and recent studies have proposed T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain 1 (TIM-1) and Niemann-Pick C1 (NPC1) as potential receptor candidates. This paper summarizes the existing literature on filoviral entry with a special focus on cellular factors involved in this process and also highlights some fundamental questions. Future research aimed at answering these questions could be very useful in designing novel antiviral therapeutics. PMID:23365575

Bhattacharyya, Suchita; Hope, Thomas J

2013-01-13

410

Filovirus Tropism: Cellular Molecules for Viral Entry  

PubMed Central

In human and non-human primates, filoviruses (Ebola and Marburg viruses) cause severe hemorrhagic fever. Recently, other animals such as pigs and some species of fruit bats have also been shown to be susceptible to these viruses. While having a preference for some cell types such as hepatocytes, endothelial cells, dendritic cells, monocytes, and macrophages, filoviruses are known to be pantropic in infection of primates. The envelope glycoprotein (GP) is responsible for both receptor binding and fusion of the virus envelope with the host cell membrane. It has been demonstrated that filovirus GP interacts with multiple molecules for entry into host cells, whereas none of the cellular molecules so far identified as a receptor/co-receptor fully explains filovirus tissue tropism and host range. Available data suggest that the mucin-like region (MLR) on GP plays an important role in attachment to the preferred target cells, whose infection is likely involved in filovirus pathogenesis, whereas the MLR is not essential for the fundamental function of the GP in viral entry into cells in vitro. Further studies elucidating the mechanisms of cellular entry of filoviruses may shed light on the development of strategies for prophylaxis and treatment of Ebola and Marburg hemorrhagic fevers.

Takada, Ayato

2012-01-01

411

The Online Books Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the University of Pennsylvania Library, the Online Books Page Web site "facilitates access to books that are freely readable over the Internet...and aims to encourage the development of such online books, for the benefit and edification of all." The over 18,000 listings can be searched or browsed by author, title, and subject, of which every major physical science subject is represented. Each listing is linked to an outside Web site, making its availability unpredictable, but the shear number of books that are accessible make the Online Books Page a great resource.

1993-01-01

412

English Language Growth after University Entry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Almost 800 international students from non-English speaking backgrounds enrolled at five Australian universities responded to an online survey accessed through a dedicated website. The survey captured demographics; language and language learning background; strategies for continuing to develop English; motivation, attitudes and beliefs about…

Rochecouste, Judith; Oliver, Rhonda; Mulligan, Denise

2012-01-01

413

19 CFR 149.6 - Entry and entry summary documentation and Importer Security Filing submitted via a single...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Filing submitted via a single electronic transmission. 149.6 Section 149.6 Customs...Filing submitted via a single electronic transmission. If the Importer Security Filing...of this part via the same electronic transmission as entry or entry/entry...

2013-04-01

414

Entry and regulation: evidence from health care professions.  

PubMed

In many countries, pharmacies receive high regulated markups and are protected from competition through geographic entry restrictions. We develop an empirical entry model for pharmacies and physicians with two features: entry restrictions and strategic complementarities. We find that the entry restrictions have directly reduced the number of pharmacies by more than 50%, and also indirectly reduced the number of physicians by about 7%. A removal of the entry restrictions, combined with a reduction in the regulated markups, would generate a large shift in rents to consumers, without reducing the availability of pharmacies. The public interest motivation for the current regime therefore has no empirical support. PMID:19585707

Schaumans, Catherine; Verboven, Frank

2008-01-01

415

Online Square and Cube Packing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In online square packing, squares of dieren t sizes arrive online and need to be packed into unit squares which are called bins. The goal is to minimize the number of bins used. Online cube packing is dened analogously. We show an upper bound of 2:2697 and a lower bound of 1:6406 for online square packing, and an upper bound

Leah Epstein; Rob van Stee

416

Online TESL/TEFL Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses distance learning with a focus on online learning, which is growing in popularity at a faster rate than other types of programs. Looks at the advantages and disadvantages of online learning, the future of online learning, and specifically TESOL training online. (Author/VWL)

Nixon, Thomas

2003-01-01

417

Online GIS Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from SERC's Starting Point provides a brief list of online GIS data sources, tools, and mapping utilities meant to give instructors a starting point for learning to use GIS in the classroom.

Manduca, Cathy

2007-11-16

418

Variable star data online  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Roger Pickard, Andy Wilson and Gary Poyner describe the online database of the British Astronomical Association Variable Star Section, a treasure trove of observations stretching back nearly 125 years.

Pickard, Roger; Wilson, Andy; Poyner, Gary

2012-06-01

419

Teaching Teamwork Online.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We report on the development of an innovative program aimed at providing online teamwork training for distributed professionals performing complex, highly interdependent tasks. Examples of teams for which this training would be appropriate include special...

E. Entin F. Lai L. Neal

2003-01-01

420

Retrieving Patent Information Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses patent information retrieval from online files in terms of types of questions, file contents, coverage, timeliness, and other file variations. CLAIMS, Derwent, WPI, APIPAT and Chemical Abstracts Service are described. (KP)|

Kaback, Stuart M.

1978-01-01

421

Basics of Online Searching.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Intended to teach the principles of interactive bibliographic searching to those with little or no prior experience, this textbook explains the basic elements of online information retrieval and compares the major database search systems. Its chapters add...

C. T. Wiley . A. Cochrane

1981-01-01

422

Online Resource for Spectroscopy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

SpectroscopyNOW.com bills itself as an online resource serving the spectroscopy community. There are tutorials and featured articles for 8 types of spectroscopy as well as information on chemometrics and proteomics.

423

Protecting Children's Online Privacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discuss provisions of new federal Children's Online Privacy Protection Act that principals should know to protect student privacy on the Internet. Also discusses relevant provisions of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. (PKP)|

Kresses, Mamie

2001-01-01

424

Decentralized Online Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current Online social networks (OSN) are web services run on logically centralized infrastructure. Large OSN sites use content distribution networks and thus distribute some of the load by caching for performance reasons, nevertheless there is a central repository for user and application data. This centralized nature of OSNs has several drawbacks including scalability, privacy, dependence on a provider, need for being online for every transaction, and a lack of locality. There have thus been several efforts toward decentralizing OSNs while retaining the functionalities offered by centralized OSNs. A decentralized online social network (DOSN) is a distributed system for social networking with no or limited dependency on any dedicated central infrastructure. In this chapter we explore the various motivations of a decentralized approach to online social networking, discuss several concrete proposals and types of DOSN as well as challenges and opportunities associated with decentralization.

Datta, Anwitaman; Buchegger, Sonja; Vu, Le-Hung; Strufe, Thorsten; Rzadca, Krzysztof

425

Online multiple instance regression  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The multiple instance regression problem has become a hot research topic recently. There are several approaches to the multiple instance regression problem, such as Salience, Citation KNN, and MI-ClusterRegress. All of these solutions work in batch mode during the training step. However, in practice, examples usually arrive in sequence. Therefore, the training step cannot be accomplished once. In this paper, an online multiple instance regression method “OnlineMIR" is proposed. OnlineMIR can not only predict the label of a new bag, but also update the current regression model with the latest arrived bag. The experimental results show that OnlineMIR achieves good performances on both synthetic and real data sets.

Wang, Zhi-Gang; Zhao, Zeng-Shun; Zhang, Chang-Shui

2013-09-01

426

Online Statistical Tools  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of online analysis tools allows users to compute probabilities from various distributions and to generate random numbers. Other tools include probability and Bayes' rule calculators and an event counter. Each tool provides instructions and review materials.

Berman, Harvey

2009-08-07

427

Protecting Children's Online Privacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discuss provisions of new federal Children's Online Privacy Protection Act that principals should know to protect student privacy on the Internet. Also discusses relevant provisions of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. (PKP)

Kresses, Mamie

2001-01-01

428

Physician order entry of ultrasound examination with handheld wireless terminal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although our hospital has an electronic order entry system, physician order entries must be performed using one of a limited number of terminals which are located in places like nurse stations. Due to this limitation, the mobility of the ultrasound machine cannot be fully exploited if a physician wants to perform a mobile ultrasound examination far from an entry terminal. In addition, this situation increases the possibility that a physician will fail to issue a paper voucher of the examination. In an attempt to resolve these problems, we have developed a mobile physician order entry system that incorporates ultrasound machines equipped with handheld wireless terminals, which use the 802.11b standard and the bandwidth is 11 Mbps. This is an efficient way to order ultrasound examination entries because physicians can register entries at any location in a hospital ward. In addition, the proposed system is a reliable method by which to attach images upon ultrasound examination entry.

Matsuya, Shiro; Onogi, Yuzo; Shinohara, Nobuo; Yamaguchi, Izumi; Watanabe, Hiroki; Ohe, Kazuhiko; Yamaguchi, Kenichi; Niidome, Takuro; Oyama, Hiroshi

2004-04-01

429

Wisc-Online: Online Learning Object Repository  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Drawing on a wide range of subject expertise, the Wisconsin Online Resource Center (Wisc-Online) is a digital library of web-based learning resources known as "learning objects". "Learning objects" are essentially self-contained small chunks of learning that can be embedded in a learning activity, lesson, unit or course. The site includes over 2170 of these objects, and new objects are being developed continuously. Visitors will need to complete a short registration form before they are allowed to access all of the materials on the site, but they can certainly get a sense of what the site includes by checking out the "New Learning Objects" area. Here they will find everything from animated presentations showing how the pH level of a cleaning solution is controlled to an interactive activity on industrial automation. Also, visitors are also encouraged to sign up to receive their RSS feed.

430

Geologic Time: Online Edition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Offered by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) as a general interest publication, this site is an online edition of a text by the same name, offering a concise overview of the concepts associated with the age of the Earth. The online edition was revised in October of 1997 to reflect current thinking on this topic. Section headers are Geologic Time, Relative Time Scale, Major Divisions of Geologic Time, Index Fossils, Radiometric Time Scale, and Age of the Earth.

1997-10-09

431

Evaluating online learning communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews recent evaluation studies of online learning communities to provide a systematic understanding of how\\u000a such communities are evaluated. Forty-two representative studies were selected and categorized into a newly developed taxonomy\\u000a of online learning community evaluations. This taxonomy is divided into four components: evaluation purpose, evaluation approach,\\u000a measures for evaluation, and evaluation techniques. The findings suggest that it

Fengfeng Ke; Christopher Hoadley

2009-01-01

432

HIV Behavioral Research Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet access has caused a global revolution in the way people of all ages and genders interact. Many have turned to the\\u000a Internet to seek love, companionship, and sex, prompting researchers to move behavioral studies online. The sexual behavior\\u000a of men who have sex with men (MSM) has been more closely studied than that of any other group online given

Mary Ann Chiasson; Jeffrey T. Parsons; James M. Tesoriero; Alex Carballo-Dieguez; Sabina Hirshfield; Robert H. Remien

2006-01-01

433

NCI Visuals Online: About  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Visuals Online provides a range of photographs and illustrations that may help communicators of medical and public health convey meaning, describe concepts, and tell stories. The collection spans everything from biomedical, science, and patient-care related illustrations and images to portraits of present and past directors and the staff of the National Cancer Institute. Visuals Online currently provides public access to 2,785 images.

434

Building Business Relationships Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

This baseline survey of 517 executives examined relationship management within business-to-business (B2B) e-commerce. Companies that employed B2B e-commerce evidenced communication and public relations tenets of relationship management. They allowed consumers to order and pay online, to access online support, to contact the company or sales staff, and to get product information. Engendering loyalty, by tracking customer satisfaction, was weak. Commitment

Bryan H. Reber; Scott Fosdick

2005-01-01

435

Consumer Motivations for Online Shopping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumers shop online for goal-oriented, instrumental reasons, and for experiential reasons. However, goaloriented motives are more common among online shoppers than are experiential motives. Based on our exploratory research of online shopping using 5 offline and 4 online focus groups conducted in conjunction with Harris Interactive, we identify and discuss attributes that facilitate goal-oriented online shopping, including accessibility\\/convenience, selection, information

Mary Wolfinbarger; Mary Gilly

2000-01-01

436

Online multi-class LPBoost  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online boosting is one of the most successful online learning algorithms in computer vision. While many challenging online learning problems are inherently multi-class, online boosting and its variants are only able to solve binary tasks. In this paper, we present Online Multi-Class LPBoost (OMCLP) which is directly applicable to multi-class problems. From a theoretical point of view, our algorithm tries

Amir Saffari; Martin Godec; Thomas Pock; Christian Leistner; Horst Bischof

2010-01-01

437

Desalination Directory Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by Mariam Balaban, the Desalination Directory Web site offers over 12,000 entries consisting of government and academic institutions, companies, and individuals in the field of desalination and water reuse. The individuals, companies and institution, cumulative and the Office of Saline Water categories are searchable by keyword, while the associations, publications, and events categories link to individual lists of information.

1997-01-01

438

The water entry of decelerating spheres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the results of a combined experimental and theoretical investigation of the vertical impact of low-density spheres on a water surface. Particular attention is given to characterizing the sphere dynamics and the influence of its deceleration on the shape of the resulting air cavity. A theoretical model is developed which yields simple expressions for the pinch-off time and depth, as well as the volume of air entrained by the sphere. Theoretical predictions compare favorably with our experimental observations, and allow us to rationalize the form of water-entry cavities resulting from the impact of buoyant and nearly buoyant spheres.

Aristoff, Jeffrey M.; Truscott, Tadd T.; Techet, Alexandra H.; Bush, John W. M.

2010-03-01

439

Computerized physician order entry in critical care.  

PubMed

Computerized physician order entry means prescribing of medication and ordering laboratory tests or radiology examinations in an electronic way instead of using paper forms. In itself, it offers advantages such as legible orders, faster order completion, inventory management and automatic billing. If combined with clinical decision support, the real benefits of CPOE become apparent in the first place by prevention of medication errors and adverse drug events. On the contrary, if CPOE configuration is not done carefully, adverse drug events can be facilitated. Therefore, and for reasons of end-user acceptance, implementation is challenging. CPOE has the potential for significant economic saving. However, the initial implementation cost is high. PMID:19449614

Colpaert, Kirsten; Decruyenaere, Johan

2009-03-01

440

Voice entry of hybrid microcircuit inspection data  

SciTech Connect

Because every major manufacturer is trying to keep a competitive edge, millions of dollars are being spent on factory automation. However, automation alone does not provide the total answer. If processes are not characterized and then controlled as an integral part of factory automation, a less than optimum process with low yields resulting in either high rework costs or larger scrap piles will occur. Many good articles have been written on how to setup control charts to monitor processes, however, the key to a control chart working properly is to have accurate and timely data. Voice data entry provides the means of getting accurate and timely data.

Hacker, M.W.

1987-07-01

441

Neonatal Informatics: Computerized Physician Order Entry.  

PubMed

Computerized physician order entry (CPOE) is the feature of electronic medical record (EMR) implementation that arguably offers the greatest quality and patient safety benefits. The gains are potentially greater for critically ill neonates, but the effect of CPOE on quality and safety is dependent upon local implementation decisions. OBJECTIVES: After completing this article, readers should be able to: Define the basic aspects of CPOE and clinical decision support (CDS) systems.Describe the potential benefits of implementing CPOE associated with CDS in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). PMID:21804768

Palma, Jonathan P; Sharek, Paul J; Classen, David C; Longhurst, Christopher A

2011-01-01

442

Aerothermodynamics of blunt body entry vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this chapter, the aerothermodynamic phenomena of blunt body entry vehicles are discussed. Four topics will be considered that present challenges to current computational modeling techniques for blunt body environments: turbulent flow, non-equilibrium flow, rarefied flow, and radiation transport. Examples of comparisons between computational tools to ground and flight-test data will be presented in order to illustrate the challenges existing in the numerical modeling of each of these phenomena and to provide test cases for evaluation of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code predictions.

Hollis, Brian R.; Borrelli, Salvatore

2012-01-01

443

About Pascal's tetrahedron with hypercomplex entries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is evident, that the properties of monogenic polynomials in (n + 1)-real variables significantly depend on the generators e1,e2,...,en of the underlying 2n-dimensional Clifford algebra Cl0,n over R and their interactions under multiplication. The case of n = 3 is studied through the consideration of Pascal's tetrahedron with hypercomplex entries as special case of the general Pascal simplex for arbitrary n, which represents a useful geometric arrangement of all possible products. The different layers Lk of Pascal's tetrahedron (or pyramid) are built by ordered symmetric products contained in the trinomial expansion of (e1+e2+e3)k,k = 0,1,....

Cruz, C.; Falca~o, M. I.; Malonek, H. R.

2013-10-01

444

Drug patent expirations and the speed of generic entry.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: Using recent data, to analyze the generic drug entry phenomenon to determine the factors that influence the speed and likelihood of generic drug entries. DATA SOURCES: Data for 81 drugs that have lost patent between 1987 and 1994. Patent and exclusive marketing rights expiration dates: Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Approved Drug Products with Therapeutic Equivalent Evaluations (1986-1989). Generic entry dates: FDA Drug and Device Product Approvals (Jan. 1987-Dec. 1994). Numbers of pending generic applications: FDA Office of Generic Drugs Quantitative Report-ANDAs and AADAs (Nov. 1990-Jan. 1993). Sales revenue: Pharmaceutical Data Services, Walsh-America. STUDY DESIGN: This study appropriately recognizes generic entry as a survival problem, and uses a proportional hazard method for analysis. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: (1) There is a negative relationship between an innovative drug's sales revenue and the time to generic entry. (2) Entries of generics tend to be slower for drugs that have either very few or a very large number of competing brands in the marketplace. (3) The time to generic entry increased overall between 1987 and 1994. (4) Drugs that primarily treat chronic symptoms tend to enter faster than the types of drugs that primarily treat acute illnesses. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis shows that the generic industry is targeting large-revenue products and chronic drug markets. Entry of a generic drug is influenced by the existing branded substitutes in the marketplace. Surprisingly, the generic drug entry process has slowed despite many changes that would facilitate entry.

Bae, J P

1997-01-01

445

Basal calcium entry in vascular smooth muscle.  

PubMed

Basal calcium leak into smooth muscle was identified 30 years ago yet remains poorly understood. We characterized this leak measuring 45Ca2+ uptake into cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells. Wash solution (0 degrees C) containing lanthanum (3 mM) removed extracellular tracer and increased cellular 45Ca2+ retention more effectively than EGTA (0.2 mM). Basal Ca2+ entry was 1.45 x 10(9) Ca2+ x cell(-1) x min(-1). This translated to approximately 250 micromol(-1) x min(-1) given cell volumes of 4-15 pl as determined by 3-D image reconstruction. Gadolinium (100 microM) blocked 80% of the leak and exhibited a biphasic concentration-response relation (IC50s=1 microM and 2 mM). Organic ion channel blockers also inhibited approximately 80% of the leak; 45% by nifedipine (10 microM), 7% was exclusively blocked by SKF 96365 (1-[b-[3-(4-Methoxyphenyl)propoxy]-4-methoxyphenethyl]-1H-imidazole) (50 microM) and 23% was exclusively sensitive to 2-aminoethoxy-diphenylborate (2-APB, 75 microM). Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction revealed TrpC1, 4 and 6 mRNA, and we propose that 2-APB may selectively block TrpC4-containing channels. We conclude that basal Ca2+ entry is mainly due to a basal open probability of excitable Ca2+ -channels. PMID:15556133

Poburko, Damon; Lhote, Philippe; Szado, Tania; Behra, Tasneim; Rahimian, Roshanak; McManus, Bruce; van Breemen, Cornelis; Ruegg, Urs T

2004-11-28

446

Virion stiffness regulates immature HIV-1 entry  

PubMed Central

Background Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) undergoes a protease-mediated maturation process that is required for its infectivity. Little is known about how the physical properties of viral particles change during maturation and how these changes affect the viral lifecycle. Using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), we previously discovered that HIV undergoes a “stiffness switch”, a dramatic reduction in particle stiffness during maturation that is mediated by the viral Envelope (Env) protein. Results In this study, we show that transmembrane-anchored Env cytoplasmic tail (CT) domain is sufficient to regulate the particle stiffness of immature HIV-1. Using this construct expressed in trans with viral Env lacking the CT domain, we show that increasing particle stiffness reduces viral entry activity in immature virions. A similar effect was also observed for immature HIV-1 pseudovirions containing Env from vesicular stomatitis virus. Conclusions This linkage between particle stiffness and viral entry activity illustrates a novel level of regulation for viral replication, providing the first evidence for a biological role of virion physical properties and suggesting a new inhibitory strategy.

2013-01-01

447

Radiative heating predictions for Huygens entry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radiative heat flux predictions for the Huygens probe entry into Titan's atmosphere are presented in this paper. Radiative heating was computed with the radiation code SPECAIR, assuming a Boltzmann distribution of the excited electronic levels at a characteristic temperature taken as the vibrational temperature of the gas. CN violet is found to be the most intense emitter, followed by CN red, C2 Swan, and at early trajectory points by the first and second positive systems of N2. Solutions of the 1-D radiative transport equation along stagnation streamlines show that self-absorption by the plasma layer reduces the total emission by up to about 20%. The fine structure of the CN violet spectra (spin-splitting) was taken into account to accurately determine self-absorption by CN violet. The potential importance of argon radiation was estimated and shown to be negligible. The resulting fluxes were found to be sustainable by the Huygens's Thermal Protection System. The feasibility of the mission was deemed possible under the updated entry parameters and atmospheric composition.

Caillault, L.; Walpot, L.; Magin, T. E.; Bourdon, A.; Laux, C. O.

2006-09-01

448

Anthrax Toxin Entry into Polarized Epithelial Cells  

PubMed Central

We examined the entry of anthrax edema toxin (EdTx) into polarized human T84 epithelial cells using cyclic AMP-regulated Cl? secretion as an index of toxin entry. EdTx is a binary A/B toxin which self assembles at the cell surface from anthrax edema factor and protective antigen (PA). PA binds to cell surface receptors and delivers EF, an adenylate cyclase, to the cytosol. EdTx elicited a strong Cl? secretory response when it was applied to the basolateral surface of T84 cells but no response when it was applied to the apical surface. PA alone had no effect when it was applied to either surface. T84 cells exposed basolaterally bound at least 30-fold-more PA than did T84 cells exposed apically, indicating that the PA receptor is largely or completely restricted to the basolateral membrane of these cells. The PA receptor did not fractionate with detergent-insoluble caveola-like membranes as cholera toxin receptors do. These findings have implications regarding the nature of the PA receptor and confirm the view that EdTx and CT coopt fundamentally different subcellular systems to enter the cell and cause disease.

Beauregard, Kathryn E.; Wimer-Mackin, Susan; Collier, R. John; Lencer, Wayne I.

1999-01-01

449

Online CME usage patterns.  

PubMed

The paper reports the findings of the analysis of a sample of 829 online Continuous Medical Education (CME) enrolments aimed at inspecting users' preferences and behaviours. The contents of the analyzed course are provided as online SCORM (Sharable Content Object Reference Model) resources together with the corresponding Pdf downloadable versions allowing different usage patterns (online only, Pdf only, online AND Pdf, mixed online OR Pdf). The results point out that there is not a specific preference for one of the four patterns and that most of the users access both navigable modules and Pdf documents. Demographic characteristics and initial knowledge level do not influence the choice of a specific usage pattern that probably depends on internal or context factors. From the point of view of knowledge acquisition, the four patterns are equivalent. As regards users' behaviour, the analysis has pointed out two issues: 1) the attitude to conclude the course in a short time and to reach good test scores, but not the excellence; 2) learning activity tracing data were not available for all the enrolments. Cues for discussion are proposed. PMID:21893749

Mazzoleni, M Cristina; Rognoni, Carla; Finozzi, Enrico; Giorgi, Ines; Pagani, Marco; Imbriani, Marcello

2011-01-01

450

SCTB Online: Science Tracer Bullets Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science Tracers Bullet Online is an informal guide to help people locate published materials on subjects in the field of science and technology about which they only have a general knowledge. SCTB includes lists of bibliographies, conference proceedings, technical reports, and journal listings, among others. Users may search by keyword or title. The results of the search usually contain a definition of the field related to the query, bibliographies, and links to other sections in the database of Library of Congress Subject Headings that are related to the query.

2005-12-01

451

Centrosomes promote timely mitotic entry in C. elegans embryos.  

PubMed

Several mitotic regulators, including Cyclin B1/Cdk1, are present at centrosomes prior to mitosis onset, but it is unclear whether centrosomes promote mitotic entry in vivo. Here we developed a sensitive assay in C. elegans embryos for the temporal analysis of mitotic entry, in which the male and female pronuclei undergo asynchronous entry into mitosis when separated from one another. Using this assay, we found that centrosome integrity is necessary for timing mitotic entry. Centrosomes do not function in this instance through their ability to nucleate microtubules. Instead, centrosomes serve to focus the Aurora A kinase AIR-1, which is essential for timely mitotic entry. Furthermore, analysis of embryos in which centrosomes and pronuclei are detached from one another demonstrates that centrosomes are sufficient to promote mitosis onset. Together, our findings support a model in which centrosomes serve as integrative centers for mitotic regulators and thus trigger mitotic entry in a timely fashion. PMID:17419992

Hachet, Virginie; Canard, Coralie; Gönczy, Pierre

2007-04-01

452

Online or on paper: An examination of the differences in response and respondents to a survey administered in two modes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The internet has revolutionised the way we live in the 21st century and to some extent has impacted on the way we do survey research. The facility to survey online allows for considerable savings in printing, mailout costs, data entry or scanning hardware. Concerns, however, about the use of the internet to survey include selection bias, response bias and response

Christina Ballantyne

453

More than you think: An inclusive estimate of business entries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Wells Fargo\\/NFIB Series on Business Entries and Exits collected data throughout 1995 from 36,000 households regarding the business formation activity occurring among adults within those households. After adjusting for the 1.37 owners per firm and the 10% of households with more than one entry, there were an estimated 4.553-million business entries in the 12-month period involving 6.211 million active

William Dennis Jr.

1997-01-01

454

Organizational entry: the case of the clinical nurse specialist.  

PubMed

Most research on entry into an organization views the process from the organizational perspective. The process can also be viewed from the perspective of the individual. This paper examines factors which impact on organizational entry of the Clinical Nurse Specialist. Theories from the literature in organizational behavior are combined with pertinent nursing literature to develop and explain organizational socialization, group development, and role making/taking. Recommendations to ease the entry process are proposed. PMID:2021907

Krcmar, C R

1991-01-01

455

Mars Exploration Rovers Entry, Descent, and Landing Trajectory Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

th and 25 th of 2004, respectively. The trajectory analysis performed to define the entry, descent, and landing (EDL) scenario is described. The entry requirements and constraints are presented, as well as uncertainties used in a Monte Carlo dispersion analysis to statistically assess the robustness of the entry design to off-nominal conditions. In the analysis, six-degree-of-freedom and three-degree-of-freedom trajectory re-

Prasun N. Desai; Philip C. Knocke

2004-01-01

456

An empirical model of entry and exit in airline markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the effect of airline hub-and-spoke systems on the entry and exit behavior of rival firms in the U.S. airline industry. An analysis of simple entry and exit decisions provides insight into equilibrium conditions that are used to specify discrete choice econometric models. The empirical evidence indicates that hub-and-spoke network characteristics are significant determinants of entry and exit

Robert A. Sinclair

1995-01-01

457

Dit4dah: Predictive Pruning for Morse Code Text Entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a We present a new predictive pruning algorithm for text entry and show empirically how it outperforms simple text prediction. Our tests are based on a new application\\u000a domain for predictive entry: the input of Morse code. Our motiviation for this work was to contribute to the development of\\u000a efficient entry systems for the seriously disabled, but we found that the

Kumiko Tanaka-ishii; Ian Frank

2004-01-01

458

Eyes-free text entry on a touchscreen phone  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an eyes-free text entry technique for touchscreen mobile phones. Our method uses Graffiti strokes entered using a finger on a touchscreen. Although visual feedback is present, eyes-free entry is possible using auditory and tactile stimuli. In eyes-free mode, entry is guided by speech and non-speech sounds, and by vibrations. A study with 12 participants was conducted using an

Hussain Tinwala; I. Scott MacKenzie

2009-01-01

459

Generic Entry into the Regulated Spanish Pharmaceutical Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper empirically analyses entry by generic firms into the strictly regulated Spanish pharmaceutical market. We estimate\\u000a a fixed effects negative binomial entry model using a panel of 77 active ingredient markets during the period 1999–2005. The\\u000a results show that generic entry depends positively on revenues, the age of the market, and the number of previous brand-name\\u000a competitors, and negatively

Iván Moreno-Torres; Jaume Puig-Junoy; Joan-Ramon Borrell

2009-01-01

460

EZ-Entry: a clinical data management system.  

PubMed

In this paper, a new data management system named EZ-Entry is introduced. Five major functions are enclosed in this system: (1) user authentication; (2) database construction; (3) double data entry with instant alignment; (4) revision tracking; (5) query management. The practical application performed on two clinical trials indicates that EZ-Entry meets the requirements of clinical data management with high efficiency and security. This software is freely available on request from the authors for academic purposes. PMID:18760776

Gao, Qing-Bin; Kong, Yu; Fu, Zheng; Lu, Jian; Wu, Cheng; Jin, Zhi-Chao; He, Jia

2008-08-29

461

Mediterranean Prehistory Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new online journal, which focuses on the prehistory and protohistory of the Mediterranean Basin, is published as an integrated part of the European Commission's Early Prehistoric Migrations project. As with many other online academic journals, Mediterranean Prehistory Online will select papers not only for their academic content but also for their use "of the opportunities provided by electronic publication and the HTML files." Article topics will include the results of archaeological research, data analyses, discussions on the information technologies and archaeology, as well as book and software reviews. Currently, abstracts and full-text are available for six articles. Topics include exploitation of Obsidian for tool making in the Italian Peninsula, the Early Upper Paleolithic of Croatia, and the extinction of Iberian Neandertals. In addition to articles, the site features an Arch News section and a collection of related links.

462

Washington Post Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Washington Post has an online version on the Web. The site includes the full text of the daily edition, plus news from the 50 states, a daily congressional calendar, and over 1000 pages of links to news, reference and Web sites for over 200 countries around the world. Features include movie reviews, book reviews (along with selected first chapters of books), links to over fifteen online comic strips, and sports features. A searchable archive of the previous two weeks papers is available and, in the near future, an archive from 1986 to the present will be available. There are also several chat rooms on various subjects ranging from business to local Washington, DC issues. While the Post is well known for its international and national coverage, the online version is also very strong with respect to local area news.

1996-01-01

463

5. INTERIOR VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST TOWARDS ENTRY TO WELL, WITH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. INTERIOR VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST TOWARDS ENTRY TO WELL, WITH SCALE - Craven Hall, Spring House (Underground), Southeast corner of Street Road & Newton Road (Warminster), Johnsville, Bucks County, PA

464

Savage Earth Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Savage Earth Online Website is sponsored by PBS Online along with the WNET Station in New York. This site is a companion piece to the Savage Earth series initially presented on PBS on July 19, 1998. Articles about volcanoes, earthquakes, and tsunamis are presented along with animations that illustrate the action of these natural phenomena. Flash Plug-ins are needed to view the animations and can easily be downloaded. Visitors who want more information can check out the list of links of the best Web resources on earthquakes.

465

College News Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

College News Online is an international campus newswire and centralized information resource for college-bound students, current students, graduates, and others interested in higher education. The newswire indexes about 400 student-run and campus newspapers and maintains a news archive for the current year. The Campus Union section of College News Online provides information and links for financial aid, internships, employment, computer assistance, and a textbook exchange. The geographic Campus Index links users to college and university Websites throughout the US as well as to higher education institutions in over 110 different countries worldwide. Sociable visitors may share their burgeoning knowledge in the College Chat and Message Board sections.

466

Basics of online searching  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this book is to teach the principles of interactive bibliographic searching, or information retrieval to those with little or no prior experience. The major intended audiences are students, working information specialists and librarians, and end users, the people for whom all the searching is done. Material covers such topics as the nature of online searching, the kinds of files available online, the commands used to search for them, and the strategy used to perform a search - with numerous examples from real systems presented.

Meadow, C.T.; Cochrane, P.A.

1981-01-01

467

Online education today.  

PubMed

Online education is established, growing, and here to stay. It is creating new opportunities for students and also for faculty, regulators of education, and the educational institutions themselves. Much of what is being learned by the practitioners will flow into the large numbers of blended courses that will be developed and delivered on most campuses. Some of what is being learned will certainly improve pedagogical approaches and possibly affect other important problems, such as the lengthening time to completion of a degree. Online education is already providing better access to education for many, and many more will benefit from this increased access in the coming years. PMID:19119225

Mayadas, A Frank; Bourne, John; Bacsich, Paul

2009-01-01

468

Young Adults of India-Online Surfers or Online Shoppers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the online behavior of young adults of India. A total of 115 Internet users from 18 to 25 years of age were surveyed from the National Capital Region of Delhi, India. Results showed that young adults of India are mainly online surfers and not online shoppers. These people have a lack of

Nirupma Gupta; Meenakshi Handa; Bharat Gupta

2008-01-01

469

Online Support Service Quality, Online Learning Acceptance, and Student Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines potential differences between Korean and American students in terms of their perception levels regarding online education support service quality, online learning acceptance, and satisfaction. Eight hundred and seventy-two samples, which were collected from students in online classes in the United States and Korea, were…

Lee, Jung-Wan

2010-01-01

470

Online Support Service Quality, Online Learning Acceptance, and Student Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines potential differences between Korean and American students in terms of their perception levels regarding online education support service quality, online learning acceptance, and satisfaction. Eight hundred and seventy-two samples, which were collected from students in online classes in the United States and Korea, were…

Lee, Jung-Wan

2010-01-01

471

NOVA Online: Shark Attack!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Excellent resource on the biology of sharks and what makes them the "perfect predator." This highly interactive website contains features like the "clickable shark," which allows you to learn about the different parts of the shark just by clicking on them. Additional features include QuickTime VR images of Cocos Island, including an ultralight flight, journal entries from scientists, and "exploding myths," where scientists debunk common shark misunderstandings.

472

Computerized Physician Order Entry: Helpful or Harmful?  

PubMed Central

Computerized physician order entry (CPOE) is touted as a major improvement in patient safety, primarily as a result of the Institute of Medicine's 1999 report on medical errors and the subsequent formation of the “Leapfrog Group” of companies to preferentially direct their employees' health care to those institutions that install such systems (as part of directives that “Leapfrog” feels will improve patient care). Although the literature suggests that such systems have the potential to improve patient outcomes through decrease of adverse drug events, actual improvements in medical outcomes have not been documented. Installation of such systems could actually increase the number of adverse drug events and result in higher overall medical costs, particularly in the first few years of their adoption.

Berger, Robert G.; Kichak, J.P.

2004-01-01

473

Simulation of ablation in Earth atmospheric entry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The process of ablation for Earth atmospheric entry is simulated using a computational approach that allows thermo-chemical nonequilibrium of the flow field and ablation gases. The heat pulse into the heat shield is modeled. The flowfield and graphite heat shield are coupled through surface mass and energy balances. The surface thermochemistry involves the oxidation of graphite and allows for catalytic recombination of diatomic oxygen. Steady-state simulations are performed on a one meter nose radius sphere at an altitude of 65/km and at freestream velocities of 8 km/s and 10 km/s. A transient simulation is performed at 65 km altitude and a freestream velocity of 10 km/s.

Keenan, James A.; Candler, Graham V.

1993-07-01

474

Performance evaluation of an entry research vehicle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aerodynamic database upon which the missions and the proposed designs of an atmospheric entry research vehicle (ERV) would be based are discussed, along with a trajectory analysis of two missions proposed for the ERV. The ERV is intended as a means to explore reentry techniques, thermal protection systems and cross-range and orbital change maneuvers beyond the operational envelope of the Orbiter. The 25 ft long ERV would have a 13 ft wingspan, allowing it to be launched from the Orbiter bay. The ERV would have atmospheric maneuvering control surfaces and reaction control systems for orbital maneuvers. The total weight would be 12,000 lb. The aerodynamic design for the ERV was developed from wind tunnel, theoretical and Shuttle data for continuum, transition and free-molecule flight regimes. Typical flight profiles for intended missions are outlined.

Powell, R. W.; Naftel, J. C.; Cunningham, M. J.

1986-01-01

475

Filovirus Entry into Cells - New Insights  

PubMed Central

Filoviruses are hemorrhagic fever-causing agents that produce enveloped virions with a filamentous morphology. The viral surface glycoprotein, GP, orchestrates the surprisingly complex process by which filoviruses gain access to the cytoplasm of their host cells. GP mediates viral attachment to cells through multiple, redundant interactions with cell-surface factors. GP then induces virion internalization by a process that resembles cellular macropinocytosis. Within the endo/lysosomal pathway, GP undergoes a series of structural rearrangements, controlled by interactions with host factors, that prime and activate it to bring about fusion between the viral and cellular lipid bilayers. Membrane fusion delivers the viral nucleocapsid core into the cytoplasm, which is the site of filovirus replication. This review summarizes our understanding of the filovirus entry mechanism, with emphasis on recent findings.

Happy Miller, Emily; Chandran, Kartik

2012-01-01

476

Ebolavirus glycoprotein structure and mechanism of entry  

PubMed Central

Ebolavirus (EBOV) is a highly virulent pathogen capable of causing a severe hemorrhagic fever with 50–90% lethality. The EBOV glycoprotein (GP) is the only virally expressed protein on the virion surface and is critical for attachment to host cells and catalysis of membrane fusion. Hence, the EBOV GP is a critical component of vaccines as well as a target of neutralizing antibodies and inhibitors of attachment and fusion. The crystal structure of the Zaire ebolavirus GP in its trimeric, prefusion conformation (3 GP1 plus 3 GP2) in complex with a neutralizing antibody fragment, derived from a human survivor of the 1995 Kikwit outbreak, was recently determined. This is the first near-complete structure of any filovirus glycoprotein. The overall molecular architecture of the Zaire ebolavirus GP and its role in viral entry and membrane fusion are discussed in this article.

Lee, Jeffrey E; Saphire, Erica Ollmann

2010-01-01

477

Students' Perceptions of Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a study that examined students' perceptions toward online practice and their developing attitudes toward the online learning process. The results indicated that both cultural background and personal qualities affect students' perceptions.|

Isman, Aytekin; Gazi, Zehra Altinay; Aksal, Fahriye Altinay

2010-01-01

478

Coupling approaches used in atmospheric entry models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While a planet orbits the Sun, it is subject to impact by smaller objects, ranging from tiny dust particles and space debris to much larger asteroids and comets. Such collisions have taken place frequently over geological time and played an important role in the evolution of planets and the development of life on the Earth. Though the search for near-Earth objects addresses one of the main points of the Asteroid and Comet Hazard, one should not underestimate the useful information to be gleaned from smaller atmospheric encounters, known as meteors or fireballs. Not only do these events help determine the linkages between meteorites and their parent bodies; due to their relative regularity they provide a good statistical basis for analysis. For successful cases with found meteorites, the detailed atmospheric path record is an excellent tool to test and improve existing entry models assuring the robustness of their implementation. There are many more important scientific questions meteoroids help us to answer, among them: Where do these objects come from, what are their origins, physical properties and chemical composition? What are the shapes and bulk densities of the space objects which fully ablate in an atmosphere and do not reach the planetary surface? Which values are directly measured and which are initially assumed as input to various models? How to couple both fragmentation and ablation effects in the model, taking real size distribution of fragments into account? How to specify and speed up the recovery of a recently fallen meteorites, not letting weathering to affect samples too much? How big is the pre-atmospheric projectile to terminal body ratio in terms of their mass/volume? Which exact parameters beside initial mass define this ratio? More generally, how entering object affects Earth's atmosphere and (if applicable) Earth's surface? How to predict these impact consequences based on atmospheric trajectory data? How to describe atmospheric entry features beforehand based on comprehensive telescopic survey?

Gritsevich, M. I.

2012-09-01

479

Online square and cube packing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract In online square packing, squares of dieren t sizes arrive online and need to be packed into unit squares which are called bins. The goal is to minimize the number of bins used. Online cube packing is dened,analogously. We show an upper bound of 2:2697 and a lower bound of 1:6406 for online square packing, and an upper bound

Leah Epstein; Rob Van Stee

2005-01-01

480

Online Identities and Social Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Online identities play a critical role in the social web that is taking shape on the Internet. Despite many technical proposals\\u000a for creating and managing online identities, none has received widespread acceptance. Design and implementation of online\\u000a identities that are socially acceptable on the Internet remains an open problem. This chapter discusses the interplay between\\u000a online identities and social networking.

Muthucumaru Maheswaran; Bader Ali; Hatice Ozguven; Julien Lord

2010-01-01

481

Externalities in online advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most models for online advertising assume that an adver- tiser's value from winning an ad auction, which depends on the clickthrough rate or conversion rate of the advertise- ment, is independent of other advertisements served along- side it in the same session. This ignores an important ex- ternality eect : as the advertising audience has a limited attention span, a

Arpita Ghosh; Mohammad Mahdian

2008-01-01

482

Online Strategy Games.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A strategy game is an online interactive game that requires thinking in order to be played at its best and whose winning strategy is not obvious. Provides information on strategy games that are written in Java or JavaScript and freely available on the web. (KHR)|

Dye, Bryan

2002-01-01

483

Online Strategy Games.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A strategy game is an online interactive game that requires thinking in order to be played at its best and whose winning strategy is not obvious. Provides information on strategy games that are written in Java or JavaScript and freely available on the web. (KHR)

Dye, Bryan

2002-01-01

484

An Online Library Catalogue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the implementation of an online catalog in the library of the National Institute for Cancer Research and the Clinical and Experimental Oncology Institute of the University of Genoa. Topics addressed include automation of various library functions, software features, database management, training, and user response. (10 references) (MES)|

Alloro, Giovanna; Ugolini, Donatella

1992-01-01

485

The Online Equation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Just 31 percent of community college students complete remedial, or developmental, math "gateway" courses before they move on to college-level math, according to a recent study. To help combat this cycle, some community colleges are turning to newly developed online programs that emphasize repetition, practice, and mastery of concepts. Although…

Phillip, Amara

2011-01-01

486

Online GIS Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Online geographic information system (GIS) services are expanding rapidly as private organizations, government agencies, and libraries are developing Web sites that deliver GIS data, graphics, and metadata. Such services are divided into five categories: graphic snapshots, spatial database catalogs and libraries, map generators, map browsers, and…

Cobb, David A.; Olivero, Arlene

1997-01-01

487

Teaching Biblical Studies Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this edited transcript of a panel at the Society of Biblical Literature (November 23, 2009, Boston, Massachusetts), five Bible scholars give brief presentations on various challenges and opportunities encountered when teaching academic biblical studies courses online in both undergraduate and theological education contexts. Each presentation…

Delamarter, Stephen; Gravett, Sandra L.; Ulrich, Daniel W.; Nysse, Richard W.; Polaski, Sandra Hack

2011-01-01

488

Psychiatry On-Line  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The field of psychiatry is one that is vast and rather complex, and fortunately for academics and practitioners in the field, the Psychiatry On-Line Web site provides a well-conceived international forum for the discipline. Edited and maintained since 1994 by Dr. Ben Green (a licensed psychiatrist in the United Kingdom), the site features peer-reviewed articles, papers, and case reports from around the world. Part of the Priory group, Psychiatry On-Line contains links to other germane online journals, including the Italian and Brazilian counterparts to the English-language version of Psychiatry On-Line. Visitors will want to browse the archives of previously featured papers, which are thematically organized under topics ranging from affective disorders to substance abuse. The general public will find the section Psychiatry in the Cinema of note, as Dr. Green offers commentary on the depiction of persons with psychiatric conditions (such as schizophrenia) in films like "A Beautiful Mind" and "As Good as it Gets."

489

Economies of Online Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a study conducted at Purdue University Library to determine not only the costs of providing online information services to users, but the value of time saved by the end user in having a computer search run and user satisfaction with the results. Six references are listed. (RBF)|

Markee, Katherine M.

1981-01-01

490

Online Telecommunications Demystified.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended for parents of disabled children, the article explains the basics of telecommunications including uses, terminology (i.e. modem, baud rate, upload and download, protocol), shopping for a modem, telecommunications software, and what to expect when you log on. Sample online services are listed. (DB)|

Moore, Jack

1989-01-01

491

NCI Visuals Online: Search  

Cancer.gov

Skip Navigation NCI Visuals Online Home About My Pictures Browse Search Quick Search Search Search for: Date Created: Any 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 1990 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 to Any 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 1990 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Sort

492

NATN's online education.  

PubMed

A new innovation is being launched at Congress 2002 in the range of services offered by NATN to its members. The new online education website will provide modules on a range of perioperative topics. In this article, Marion Taylor and Paul Wicker explain the background to the project, the benefits to users, its limitations and the structure and content of the modules. PMID:12400396

Taylor, Marion; Wicker, Paul

2002-10-01

493

Engagement in Online Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Internet and World Wide Web are transforming delivery of education and making it possible for more individuals than ever to have access to knowledge any time and place across the globe. The extent of learner engagement is key to online learning environments. Constructivist learning theory, an emerging theory of connectivity, and Merrill's…

Suttle, Catherine M.

2010-01-01

494

MOLS: MULTIPERFORMER ONLINE SYNTHESIZER  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MOLS is a novel musical instrument that explores the usage of a web browser as a tool for collaborative music performance on-line. All the sounds are synthesized by an Actionscript application and the instrument can be simulta- neously controlled on real-time by two performers, each one using a separate browser. Therefore, remote creation and performance of music is now

Jorge Herrera

495

Hoover's Online: Industry Snapshots  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The comprehensive company information database Hoover's Online profiles over 40 industries from adult entertainment and airlines to movies, restaurants, and tobacco at the Industry Snapshots site. The snapshots describe key companies and current trends, and a jargon section clarifies industry-specific terms.

496

Rethinking Online Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the face of an economic downturn, the arguments for the adoption of online benefits solutions are considerable. Unless already deployed, implementing these solutions should appear high on every HR manager’s list of initiatives for 2002. Benefits and HR managers already recognize these solutions as timesaving. But these solutions also bring process efficiencies that lead to increased employee benefits knowledge

Sidney H. Simon; William G. Mattle

2002-01-01

497

Teaching Online: 2 Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Impersonal, disconnected, and unfulfilling." That is how the author would have answered if anyone asked her 10 years ago what she thought of online teaching. As a teacher, she feeds off the energy of the crowd and thrives on exciting and entertaining her students to the point of drawing even the most resistant into attending class. When the…

Greco, Gina

2009-01-01

498

Chainguard - Online: Bicycle Advocacy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chainguard online is a site devoted to bicycle advocacy information. It is dedicated to "increasing bicycle advocacy publicity and locating and uniting cycle advocates." It links to other major bicycle advocacy pages sorted by geographic area, as well as to conferences, an article on the top ten bicycle commuting cities, and Internet Backroads, a list of cycling mailing lists and Usenet news groups.

499

Oh No! It's Online!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the last issue of this journal (Volume 60, Number 2), readers were introduced to Dr. Kelly McGyver. Her department head asked her to teach the 820 course when a colleague faced unexpected medical issues. The department head also requested her to redesign the biennial graduate-level course as an online course two months before the beginning…

Hoskins, Barbara J.

2012-01-01

500

Media Online Yellow Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Media Online Yellow Pages is another good place (along with the Big List and Newslink mentioned last week) to find media sources on the Internet. Does not appear to be searchable but the index is well-organized for browsing.