Science.gov

Sample records for online encyclopedia entry

  1. UCLA Plans Online Encyclopedia of Egyptology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Jennifer

    2006-01-01

    The University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) has unveiled plans for what appears to be the world's first online, peer-reviewed encyclopedia devoted to ancient Egypt. The "UCLA Encyclopedia of Egypt," which in April won a $325,000 grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, will include material in Arabic as well as English. The…

  2. Self-Supervised Chinese Ontology Learning from Online Encyclopedias

    PubMed Central

    Shao, Zhiqing; Ruan, Tong

    2014-01-01

    Constructing ontology manually is a time-consuming, error-prone, and tedious task. We present SSCO, a self-supervised learning based chinese ontology, which contains about 255 thousand concepts, 5 million entities, and 40 million facts. We explore the three largest online Chinese encyclopedias for ontology learning and describe how to transfer the structured knowledge in encyclopedias, including article titles, category labels, redirection pages, taxonomy systems, and InfoBox modules, into ontological form. In order to avoid the errors in encyclopedias and enrich the learnt ontology, we also apply some machine learning based methods. First, we proof that the self-supervised machine learning method is practicable in Chinese relation extraction (at least for synonymy and hyponymy) statistically and experimentally and train some self-supervised models (SVMs and CRFs) for synonymy extraction, concept-subconcept relation extraction, and concept-instance relation extraction; the advantages of our methods are that all training examples are automatically generated from the structural information of encyclopedias and a few general heuristic rules. Finally, we evaluate SSCO in two aspects, scale and precision; manual evaluation results show that the ontology has excellent precision, and high coverage is concluded by comparing SSCO with other famous ontologies and knowledge bases; the experiment results also indicate that the self-supervised models obviously enrich SSCO. PMID:24715819

  3. Dongqing Li: Encyclopedia of Micro-and Nano-Fluidics --Entry 282 --2007/10/5 --20:30 --page 1 --LE-TEX Peristaltic Pumps 1

    E-print Network

    Holtz, Mark

    applications, such as intravenous 49 drug delivery. 50 Cleanliness considerations do not translate to the 51U ncorrected Proof 2007-10-05 i Dongqing Li: Encyclopedia of Micro- and Nano-Fluidics -- Entry 282 , TIM DALLAS21 1 Nano Tech Center & Department of Mechanical2 Engineering, Texas Tech University

  4. Encyclopedia of Birth Control.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rengel, Marian

    This encyclopedia brings together in more than 200 entries, arranged in A-to-Z format, a portrait of the complex modern issue that birth control has become with advances in medicine and biochemistry during the 20th century. It is aimed at both the student and the consumer of birth control. Entries cover the following topics: birth control…

  5. Online Adaptive Vector Quantization with Variable Size Codebook Entries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Constantinescu, Cornel; Storer, James A.

    1994-01-01

    Presents a new image compression algorithm that employs some of the most successful approaches to adaptive lossless compression to perform adaptive online (single pass) vector quantization with variable size codebook entries. Results of tests of the algorithm's effectiveness on standard test images are given. (12 references) (KRN)

  6. The Treatment of the Occult in General Encyclopedias.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sonnenfeld, Gary F.

    This paper is a content analysis of three general encyclopedias, "Encyclopedia Americana" (EA), "Encyclopaedia Brittanica" (EB), and "World Book Encyclopedia" (WBC), which quantifies the treatment of the occult. Entries are selected from each by starting with the article "Occultism" and tracing all cross-references. Cross-references are likewise…

  7. The Transcription Factor Encyclopedia

    E-print Network

    2012-01-01

    Transcription Factor Encyclopedia. Genome Biology 2012 13:Factor Encyclopedia. Gen- ome Biology 2012, 13:000. where ‘Biology 2012, 13:R24 http://genomebiology.com/2012/13/3/R24 SOFTWARE Open Access The Transcription Factor Encyclopedia

  8. Encyclopedia of Data Warehousing and

    E-print Network

    Libre de Bruxelles, Université

    warehousing and mining / John Wang, editor. -- 2nd ed. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. This analysis can be done using on-line analytical processing (OLAP) systems, which allow dynamic dataEncyclopedia of Data Warehousing and Mining Second Edition John Wang Montclair State University

  9. 31 CFR 363.22 - Who has the right to conduct online transactions in book-entry securities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Who has the right to conduct online transactions in book-entry securities? 363.22 Section 363.22 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... TreasuryDirect § 363.22 Who has the right to conduct online transactions in book-entry securities?...

  10. The Encyclopedia of Mineralogy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rapp, George, Jr.

    This volume is the tenth in the ambitious Encyclopedia of Earth Science series. In addition to the standard short encyclopedia-style articles, it contains an alphabetical list of 3000 mineral species, groups, varieties, and mineraloids (which, following Fleischer, is called a glossary); this glossary presents basic physical and chemical properties for each entry.Editor Keith Frye has made a major effort, detailed in the preface, to assist the reader/user in avoiding many of the pitfalls in mineral nomenclature. For example, the book presents the names of valid mineral species in lower-case italic type, the names of series or groups in boldface italic letters, while varieties (and synonyms) are set in roman typeface. The worthwhile preface also contains a list, with addresses and date of first publication, of the world's 178 most important journals where mineral data are published. Also included are lists of the important mineral reference books and textbooks on mineralogy. The articles include one on museums with a 32-page table of museums with addresses, size of collection, and specialties.

  11. Heart and Stroke Encyclopedia

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Pressure Tools & Resources Stroke More The Heart and Stroke Encyclopedia Click a letter below to get a ... dozens of cardiovascular terms from our Heart and Stroke Encyclopedia and get links to in-depth information. ...

  12. Entry for the Encyclopedia for Statistical Science (on-line edition) Submitted April 8 2008 (revised May 13 2008)

    E-print Network

    Masci, Frank

    century by Tycho Brahe. Celestial mechanics in the eighteenth century, in which Newton's law of gravity. It is closely coupled to astrophysics where laws governing physical processes (e.g., gravity, electromagnetism scientist Al-Biruni recommended a three-point procedure, and discussed the dangers of propagating errors

  13. 31 CFR 363.22 - Who has the right to conduct online transactions in book-entry securities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... transactions in book-entry securities? 363.22 Section 363.22 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... Held in TreasuryDirect § 363.22 Who has the right to conduct online transactions in book-entry....20(e)). (ii) If the primary owner has given the secondary owner the right to conduct transactions...

  14. 31 CFR 363.22 - Who has the right to conduct online transactions in book-entry securities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... transactions in book-entry securities? 363.22 Section 363.22 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... TreasuryDirect § 363.22 Who has the right to conduct online transactions in book-entry securities? (a... transaction in a security held in the primary owner's TreasuryDirect account. (See § 363.20(e)). (ii) If...

  15. 31 CFR 363.22 - Who has the right to conduct online transactions in book-entry securities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... transactions in book-entry securities? 363.22 Section 363.22 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... TreasuryDirect § 363.22 Who has the right to conduct online transactions in book-entry securities? (a... transaction in a security held in the primary owner's TreasuryDirect account. (See § 363.20(e)). (ii) If...

  16. 31 CFR 363.22 - Who has the right to conduct online transactions in book-entry securities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... transactions in book-entry securities? 363.22 Section 363.22 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... TreasuryDirect § 363.22 Who has the right to conduct online transactions in book-entry securities? (a....20(e)). (ii) If the primary owner has given the secondary owner the right to conduct transactions...

  17. Medical Encyclopedia: MedlinePlus

    MedlinePLUS

    ... https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/encyclopedia.html Medical Encyclopedia To use the sharing features on this ... please enable JavaScript. The A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia includes over 4,000 articles about diseases, ...

  18. Internet filters and entry pages do not protect children from online alcohol marketing.

    PubMed

    Jones, Sandra C; Thom, Jeffrey A; Davoren, Sondra; Barrie, Lance

    2014-02-01

    We review programs and policies to prevent children from accessing alcohol marketing online. To update the literature, we present our recent studies that assess (i) in-built barriers to underage access to alcohol brand websites and (ii) commercial internet filters. Alcohol websites typically had poor filter systems for preventing entry of underage persons; only half of the sites required the user to provide a date of birth, and none had any means of preventing users from trying again. Even the most effective commercial internet filters allowed access to one-third of the sites we examined. PMID:24257629

  19. Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence

    E-print Network

    Liang, Faming

    Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence Juan Ramón Rabuñal Dopico University of A Coruña, Spain of artificial intelligence / Juan Ramon Rabunal Dopico, Julian Dorado de la Calle, and Alejandro Pazos Sierra) -- ISBN 978-1-59904-850-5 (ebook) 1. Artificial intelligence--Encyclopedias. I. Rabunal, Juan Ramon, 1973

  20. Encyclopedia of artificial intelligence: 2 Vol. set

    SciTech Connect

    Shapiro, S.C.

    1987-01-01

    Drawing on the fields of computer science, electrical engineering, linguistics, mathematics, philosophy, psychology, and physiology, this one-volume encyclopedia brings together the core of knowledge on artificial intelligence. It provides an overview of how to program computers to emulate human behavior, offering a wide range of techniques for speech and visual generation, problem-solving and more. Over 250 entries are organized alphabetically, cross-referenced and indexed.

  1. Higher Data Quality by Online Data-Entry and Automated Plausibility Checks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pietragalla, Barbara; Sigg, Christian; Güsewell, Sabine; Clot, Bernard

    2014-05-01

    Long-term phenological observations are now recognized as important indicators for climate change impact studies. With the increased need for phenological data, there is also an increased need for higher data quality. Since 1951 MeteoSwiss has been operating a national phenological observation network. Currently the network consists of about 150 active stations observing up to 69 different phenophases. An important aim of a running three years project at MeteoSwiss is a further increase of the quality of the collected data. The higher data quality will be achieved by an automated procedure performing plausibility checks on the data and by online data-entry. Further measures such as intensified observer instructions and collection of more detailed metadata also contribute to a high data quality standard. The plausibility checks include the natural order of the phenophases within a species and also between different species (with regard to possible natural deviation). Additionally it will be checked if the observed date differs by less than two standard deviations from the average for this phenophase at the altitude of the station. A value outside of these limits is not necessarily a false value, since occurrences of extreme values will be beyond these limits. Therefore, within this check of the limits, the timing of the season of the respective year will also be taken into account. In case of an implausible value a comparison with other stations of the same region and sea level is proposed. A further possibility of data quality control could be to model the different phenophases statistically and to use this model for estimating the likelihood of observed values. An overall exploratory data analysis is currently performed providing a solid basis to implement the best possible methods for the plausibility checks. Important advantages of online data-entry are the near real-time availability of the data as well as the avoidance of various kinds of typical mistakes (month-lag, typing errors, etc.). The combination of online data-entry and automated plausibility checking makes it possible to contact the observer promptly in case of implausible data. Therefore a further aim is to create an easy tool for data-entry by PC, tablet or smartphone. A promising step in this direction is the internet platform PhaenoNet (a common platform of GLOBE Swiss, MeteoSwiss and the ETH Zurich). In 2013 already 25 % of the MeteoSwiss phenological observers used PhaenoNet.

  2. Encyclopedia of Native American Jewelry: A Guide to History, People, and Terms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baxter, Paula A.

    A current guide to significant people, techniques, design motifs, materials, and forms, this comprehensive encyclopedia covers Native American jewelry making from the first contact with the Europeans to the present, focusing primarily on the last 150 years of Native American jewelry making. The encyclopedia contains 350 cross-referenced entries

  3. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MICROCOMPUTERS

    E-print Network

    1 ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MICROCOMPUTERS EXECUTIVE EDITORS Allen Kent James G. Williams UNIVERSITYOF Pll and BASEL Copyright @ 1990 by Marcel Dekker, Inc. #12;DATAACQUISITION SYSTEMS, MICROCOMPUTER, energy, medical, electronics, steel, and paper, use microcomputer-based data acquisition systems

  4. Exploring the Link among Entry Characteristics, Participation Behaviors and Course Outcomes of Online Learners: An Examination of Learner Profile Using Cluster Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yukselturk, Erman; Top, Ercan

    2013-01-01

    Online learner profiles have diversified such that now, they include all types of participants from a variety of backgrounds. This study analyzed online learner profiles in regard to their entry characteristics, participation behaviors and achievement of course outcomes. The sample consisted of 186 participants from an online course that required…

  5. Encyclopedia as Textbook

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palló, Gábor

    2006-11-01

    Textbooks and encyclopedias represent different genres of scientific literature. Textbooks help the students to prepare for their examinations in various subjects taught at schools, such as logic, metaphysic, chemistry. In the 17th Century some Calvinist professors, mostly in Germany, thought that a universal wholeness should be taught for the students. Encyclopedias adequately expressed this vision. Some of these professors, including Johannes Alsted, were invited to Hungary, Transylvania, to introduce the encyclopedic spirit to the local schools. This act fostered the first textbook in Hungarian language written by János Apáczai Csere. This book was an encyclopedia born mostly in the Netherlands where the author studied. The Cartesian philosophy combined with a Ramist system served as the basis of the book. Its history shows how the local conditions influence the content of knowledge incorporated into a textbook.

  6. Encyclopedia as Textbook

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pallo, Gabor

    2006-01-01

    Textbooks and encyclopedias represent different genres of scientific literature. Textbooks help the students to prepare for their examinations in various subjects taught at schools, such as logic, metaphysic, chemistry. In the 17th Century some Calvinist professors, mostly in Germany, thought that a universal wholeness should be taught for the…

  7. Encyclopedia of Terrorism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Combs, Cindy C.; Slann, Martin

    As recent terrorist attacks on the United States, such as the Oklahoma City (Oklahoma) bombing, and the ongoing conflicts in the Middle East have shown, terrorism is an unfortunate reality that can have potentially devastating effects on governments, businesses, and individuals. This encyclopedia provides students, researchers, journalists, and…

  8. On-line entry and analysis of computer center operations logs

    SciTech Connect

    Frobose, R.H.; Wilgus, C.A.

    1983-01-01

    This paper describes the CLARET system (Computer Logging and RETrieval) developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to gather computer center operations information directly into an on-line data base. This system replaces a manual logging system with its attendant problems of illegibility and lack of standardization. Much attention has been devoted to the design of the data entry phase in order to make it both natural to use and yet sufficiently strict to ensure that the information complies with data base requirements. The resulting marriage between a highly interactive, screen-oriented front end and a data base system has provided the dual benefits of more complete information and greater flexibility in using that information. Distribution of the information has been similarly improved since not only are the logs automatically printed for normal distribution, but they can also be viewed from remote terminals both while in progress and after completion. Finally, the resultant data base is available to any computer user for viewing and analysis.

  9. Teaching with Games: Online Resources and Examples for Entry Level Courses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teed, R.; Manduca, C.

    2004-12-01

    Using games to teach introductory geoscience can motivate students to enthusiastically learn material that they might otherwise condemn as "boring". A good educational game is one that immerses the players in the material and engages them for as long as it takes to master that material. There are some good geoscience games already available, but instructors can also create their own, suitable to their students and the content that they are teaching. Game-Based Learning is a module on the Starting Point website for faculty teaching entry level geosciences. It assists faculty in using games in their teaching by providing a description of the features of game-based learning, why you would use it, how to use games to teach geoscience, examples, and references. Other issues discussed include the development of video games for teaching, having your students create educational games, what makes a good game, handling competition in the classroom, and grading. The examples include descriptions of and rules for a GPS treasure hunt, a geology quiz show, and an earthquake game, as well as links to several online geological video games, and advice on how to design a paleontology board game. Starting Point is intended to help both experienced faculty and new instructors meet the challenge of teaching introductory geoscience classes, including environmental science and oceanography as well as more traditional geology classes. For many students, these classes are both the first and the last college-level science class that they will ever take. They need to learn enough about the Earth in that one class to sustain them for many decades as voters, consumers, and sometimes even as teachers. Starting Point is produced by a group of authors working with the Science Education Resource Center. It contains dozens of detailed examples categorized by geoscience topic with advice about using them and assessing learning. Each example is linked to one of many modules, such as Game-Based Learning, Interactive Lectures, or Using an Earth History Approach. These modules describe teaching tools and techniques, provide examples and advice about using them in an introductory geoscience class, and give instructors details on how to create their own exercises.

  10. The Transcription Factor Encyclopedia

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Here we present the Transcription Factor Encyclopedia (TFe), a new web-based compendium of mini review articles on transcription factors (TFs) that is founded on the principles of open access and collaboration. Our consortium of over 100 researchers has collectively contributed over 130 mini review articles on pertinent human, mouse and rat TFs. Notable features of the TFe website include a high-quality PDF generator and web API for programmatic data retrieval. TFe aims to rapidly educate scientists about the TFs they encounter through the delivery of succinct summaries written and vetted by experts in the field. TFe is available at http://www.cisreg.ca/tfe. PMID:22458515

  11. Genomic Encyclopedia of Fungi

    SciTech Connect

    Grigoriev, Igor

    2012-08-10

    Genomes of fungi relevant to energy and environment are in focus of the Fungal Genomic Program at the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI). Its key project, the Genomics Encyclopedia of Fungi, targets fungi related to plant health (symbionts, pathogens, and biocontrol agents) and biorefinery processes (cellulose degradation, sugar fermentation, industrial hosts), and explores fungal diversity by means of genome sequencing and analysis. Over 150 fungal genomes have been sequenced by JGI to date and released through MycoCosm (www.jgi.doe.gov/fungi), a fungal web-portal, which integrates sequence and functional data with genome analysis tools for user community. Sequence analysis supported by functional genomics leads to developing parts list for complex systems ranging from ecosystems of biofuel crops to biorefineries. Recent examples of such parts suggested by comparative genomics and functional analysis in these areas are presented here.

  12. Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology Thomas E. Creighton

    E-print Network

    Oster, George

    Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology Thomas E. Creighton ISBN: 0-471-15302-8 ATP Synthase: Two rotary be divided into two operational regions denoted Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 4 Volume Set Thomas E

  13. RIKEN mouse genome encyclopedia.

    PubMed

    Hayashizaki, Yoshihide

    2003-01-01

    We have been working to establish the comprehensive mouse full-length cDNA collection and sequence database to cover as many genes as we can, named Riken mouse genome encyclopedia. Recently we are constructing higher-level annotation (Functional ANnoTation Of Mouse cDNA; FANTOM) not only with homology search based annotation but also with expression data profile, mapping information and protein-protein database. More than 1,000,000 clones prepared from 163 tissues were end-sequenced to classify into 159,789 clusters and 60,770 representative clones were fully sequenced. As a conclusion, the 60,770 sequences contained 33,409 unique. The next generation of life science is clearly based on all of the genome information and resources. Based on our cDNA clones we developed the additional system to explore gene function. We developed cDNA microarray system to print all of these cDNA clones, protein-protein interaction screening system, protein-DNA interaction screening system and so on. The integrated database of all the information is very useful not only for analysis of gene transcriptional network and for the connection of gene to phenotype to facilitate positional candidate approach. In this talk, the prospect of the application of these genome resourced should be discussed. More information is available at the web page: http://genome.gsc.riken.go.jp/. PMID:12618011

  14. Encyclopedia of Software Components

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Warren, Lloyd V. (Inventor); Beckman, Brian C. (Inventor)

    1997-01-01

    Intelligent browsing through a collection of reusable software components is facilitated with a computer having a video monitor and a user input interface such as a keyboard or a mouse for transmitting user selections, by presenting a picture of encyclopedia volumes with respective visible labels referring to types of software, in accordance with a metaphor in which each volume includes a page having a list of general topics under the software type of the volume and pages having lists of software components for each one of the generic topics, altering the picture to open one of the volumes in response to an initial user selection specifying the one volume to display on the monitor a picture of the page thereof having the list of general topics and altering the picture to display the page thereof having a list of software components under one of the general topics in response to a next user selection specifying the one general topic, and then presenting a picture of a set of different informative plates depicting different types of information about one of the software components in response to a further user selection specifying the one component.

  15. Encyclopedia of software components

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vanwarren, Lloyd (inventor); Beckman, Brian C. (inventor)

    1991-01-01

    Intelligent browsing through a collection of reusable software components is facilitated with a computer having a video monitor and a user input interface such as a keyboard or a mouse for transmitting user selections, by presenting a picture of encyclopedia volumes with respective visible labels referring to types of software, in accordance with a metaphor in which each volume includes a page having a list of general topics under the software type of the volume and pages having lists of software components for each one of the generic topics, altering the picture to open one of the volumes in response to an initial user selection specifying the one volume to display on the monitor a picture of the page thereof having the list of general topics and altering the picture to display the page thereof having a list of software components under one of the general topics in response to a next user selection specifying the one general topic, and then presenting a picture of a set of different informative plates depicting different types of information about one of the software components in response to a further user selection specifying the one component.

  16. Book review of "Encyclopedia of soil science"

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This book review describes "Encyclopedia of soil science" edited by Chesworth et al. (2008), an update of the 1979 version of "The encyclopedia of soil science" edited by Fairbridge and Finkl. It is compared with Hillel et al. (2004) second edition of "Encyclopedia of soils in the environment" and w...

  17. Weathering processes and landforms The International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth,

    E-print Network

    Dorn, Ron

    ForReview Only Weathering processes and landforms Journal: The International Encyclopedia, and Technology #12;ForReview Only Weathering processes and landforms Tyler J. Thompson Arizona State University to the processes of rock decay. [We use the term `rock decay' rather than `weathering' throughout this entry

  18. Re-entry: online virtual worlds as a healing space for veterans

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morie, Jacquelyn Ford

    2009-02-01

    We describe a project designed to use the power of online virtual worlds as a place of camaraderie and healing for returning United States military veterans-a virtual space that can help them deal with problems related to their time of service and also assist in their reintegration into society. This veterans' space is being built in Second Life®, a popular immersive world, under consultation with medical experts and psychologists, with several types of both social and healing activities planned. In addition, we address several barrier issues with virtual worlds, including lack of guides or helpers to ensure the participants have a quality experience. To solve some of these issues, we are porting the advanced intelligence of the ICT's virtual human characters to avatars in Second Life®, so they will be able to greet the veterans, converse with them, guide them to relevant activities, and serve as informational agents for healing options. In this way such "avatar agents" will serve as autonomous intelligent characters that bring maximum engagement and functionality to the veterans' space. This part of the effort expands online worlds beyond their existing capabilities, as currently a human being must operate each avatar in the virtual world; few autonomous characters exist. As this project progresses we will engage in an iterative design process with veteran participants who will be able to advise us, along with the medical community, on what efforts are well suited to, and most effective within, the virtual world.

  19. Multimedia Encyclopedias Take Off: Warp Speed through the Reference Universe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kister, Ken

    1995-01-01

    Examines the development of multimedia encyclopedias. Discusses print versus electronic materials; technological advances; interactivity; costs; content and costs of particular multimedia encyclopedias; and a future perspective. A sidebar compares cultural icons in encyclopedias. (AEF)

  20. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SNOW, ICE AND GLACIERS

    E-print Network

    Vuille, Mathias

    #12;Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SNOW, ICE AND GLACIERS Volume Editors Professor of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, and Civil and Environmental Engineering at Texas A & M Sciences University of Bristol University Road Bristol BS8 1SS UK Aims of the Series The Encyclopedia

  1. Multimedia Technology. An Encyclopedia Publisher's Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Peter

    1986-01-01

    This paper describes the Grolier Publishing Company's development of its encyclopedic text database by editing the machine-readable data files from which the Academic American Encyclopedia was printed, and its longer-term objective of creating a multimedia encyclopedia when the technology for a viable delivery system becomes available. Topics…

  2. "U-X-L Encyclopedia of U. S. History" Hones Students' Subject Search and Indexing Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krueger, Karla

    2010-01-01

    This article features the "U-X-L Encyclopedia of U.S. History" by Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine is a new eight-volume set available in print or ebook (2009). The set has 1,745 pages and 677 entries ranging from just under one page to around eight pages in length. The ebook option may be accessed through Gale Virtual…

  3. An updated protocol to detect invalid entries in an online survey of men who have sex with men (MSM): how do valid and invalid submissions compare?

    PubMed

    Grey, Jeremy A; Konstan, Joseph; Iantaffi, Alex; Wilkerson, J Michael; Galos, Dylan; Rosser, B R Simon

    2015-10-01

    Researchers use protocols to screen for suspicious survey submissions in online studies. We evaluated how well a de-duplication and cross-validation process detected invalid entries. Data were from the Sexually Explicit Media Study, an Internet-based HIV prevention survey of men who have sex with men. Using our protocol, 146 (11.6 %) of 1254 entries were identified as invalid. Most indicated changes to the screening questionnaire to gain entry (n = 109, 74.7 %), matched other submissions' payment profiles (n = 56, 41.8 %), or featured an IP address that was recorded previously (n = 43, 29.5 %). We found few demographic or behavioral differences between valid and invalid samples, however. Invalid submissions had lower odds of reporting HIV testing in the past year (OR 0.63), and higher odds of requesting no payment compared to check payments (OR 2.75). Thus, rates of HIV testing would have been underestimated if invalid submissions had not been removed, and payment may not be the only incentive for invalid participation. PMID:25805443

  4. Raymond S. Nickerson Recent articles, chapters, encyclopedia entries

    E-print Network

    Patel, Aniruddh D.

    testing: A review of an old and continuing controversy, Psychological Methods, 5, 241-301. · Nickerson, R). Hempel's paradox and Wason's selection task: Logical and psychological puzzles of confirmation. Thinking reasoning. Psychological Bulletin, 120, 410-433. · Nickerson, R. S., & Landauer, T. (1997). Human

  5. Novel entries in a fungal biofilm matrix encyclopedia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Virulence of Candida albicans is linked with its ability to form biofilms. Once established, biofilm infections are nearly impossible to eradicate. Biofilm cells live immersed in a self-produced matrix, a blend of extracellular biopolymers, many of which are uncharacterized. In this study, we conduc...

  6. Novel Entries in a Fungal Biofilm Matrix Encyclopedia

    PubMed Central

    Zarnowski, Robert; Westler, William M.; Lacmbouh, Ghislain Ade; Marita, Jane M.; Bothe, Jameson R.; Bernhardt, Jörg; Lounes-Hadj Sahraoui, Anissa; Fontaine, Joël; Sanchez, Hiram; Hatfield, Ronald D.; Ntambi, James M.; Nett, Jeniel E.; Mitchell, Aaron P.

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Virulence of Candida is linked with its ability to form biofilms. Once established, biofilm infections are nearly impossible to eradicate. Biofilm cells live immersed in a self-produced matrix, a blend of extracellular biopolymers, many of which are uncharacterized. In this study, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the matrix manufactured by Candida albicans both in vitro and in a clinical niche animal model. We further explore the function of matrix components, including the impact on drug resistance. We uncovered components from each of the macromolecular classes (55% protein, 25% carbohydrate, 15% lipid, and 5% nucleic acid) in the C. albicans biofilm matrix. Three individual polysaccharides were identified and were suggested to interact physically. Surprisingly, a previously identified polysaccharide of functional importance, ?-1,3-glucan, comprised only a small portion of the total matrix carbohydrate. Newly described, more abundant polysaccharides included ?-1,2 branched ?-1,6-mannans (87%) associated with unbranched ?-1,6-glucans (13%) in an apparent mannan-glucan complex (MGCx). Functional matrix proteomic analysis revealed 458 distinct activities. The matrix lipids consisted of neutral glycerolipids (89.1%), polar glycerolipids (10.4%), and sphingolipids (0.5%). Examination of matrix nucleic acid identified DNA, primarily noncoding sequences. Several of the in vitro matrix components, including proteins and each of the polysaccharides, were also present in the matrix of a clinically relevant in vivo biofilm. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis demonstrated interaction of aggregate matrix with the antifungal fluconazole, consistent with a role in drug impedance and contribution of multiple matrix components. PMID:25096878

  7. The Grolier World Encyclopedia of Endangered Species.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Ron

    1994-01-01

    Reviews "The Grolier World Encyclopedia of Endangered Species" and describes a lesson plan for grades five and six that includes library media skills objectives, science objectives, resources, instructional roles, activity and procedure for completion, evaluation, and follow-up. (LRW)

  8. CONTRIBUTORS' PROOFCHECKING INSTRUCTIONS FOR ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY

    E-print Network

    Garlid, Keith

    CONTRIBUTORS' PROOFCHECKING INSTRUCTIONS FOR ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY PROOFREADING_proofs@elsevier.com. This e-mail should state the encyclopedia title and article title and ID number. Each correction listed

  9. Reference Tools and Services: General Technical Encyclopedias and Engineering Handbooks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    System Development Corp., Santa Monica, CA. Research and Development Div.

    The reference tools discussed in these two units of the instructional package (other units are: LI004051 and LI004053 through 004055) are: General Technical Encyclopedias and Engineering Handbooks. The unit concerned with encyclopedias summarizes the basic features of a good encyclopedia and gives some general procedures which are helpful in…

  10. Choosing Multimedia CD-ROM Encyclopedias.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Linda A.

    1995-01-01

    Discusses reasons why K-12 school libraries should purchase multimedia CD-ROMs and reviews 4 interactive CD-ROM encyclopedias based on interface, search capabilities, printing and presentation, product support, and overall educational value. Provides example computer screens and a comparison of the reviewed CD-ROMs. (Author/JMV)

  11. Concise encyclopedia of bioresource technology: a review

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The Journal of Environmental Quality requested a review of the book “The Concise Encyclopedia of Biotechnology” from the perspective of a scientist. Biotechnology is an emerging field and has rapidly become a buzzword in popular culture and politics today, yet it is not possible to be an expert in ...

  12. A chrestomathy Darwin's Fishes: An Encyclopedia

    E-print Network

    Avise, John

    by Daniel Pauly Cambridge University Press: 2004. 366 pp. £55, $80 John C. Avise Charles Darwin is renownedA chrestomathy on fishes Darwin's Fishes: An Encyclopedia of Ichthyology, Ecology and Evolution be associated with some other taxonomic groups, notably Darwin's finches. During his career, Darwin wrote some 6

  13. and Training The European Encyclopedia on

    E-print Network

    Papanicolaou, Vassilis

    and Training Teachers and Education Staff Management and Other Education Staff Quality Assurance EducationalEducation and Training Eurypedia The European Encyclopedia on National Education Systems · 38 education systems · More than 5 000 articles · Latest reforms · Multilingual http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/education

  14. Perceived Credibility of Internet Encyclopedias

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kubiszewski, Ida; Noordewier, Thomas; Costanza, Robert

    2011-01-01

    A vast amount of information is now available online, produced by a variety of sources with a range of editorial oversight procedures. These range from very centralized information with multiple layers of review, to no oversight at all. Determining which information is credible can pose a real challenge. An experiment was designed to determine…

  15. The encyclopedia of applied geology

    SciTech Connect

    Finkl, C.W.

    1984-01-01

    This compendium of engineering geology data includes contributions by experts from many countries. Topics center around the field of engineering geology, with special focus on landscapes, earth materials, and the ''management'' of geological processes. How to use geology to serve man is given particular attention. More than 80 entries deal with hydrology, rock structure monitoring, soil mechanics, and engineering geology. Facts are provided on earth science information and sources, electrokinetics, forensic geology, geogryology, nuclear plant siting, photogrammetry, tunnels and tunneling, urban geomorphology, and well data systems. This guide explains the geology of alluvial plains, arid lands, beaches and coasts, delataic plains, cold regions, glacial landscapes, and urban environments. Detailed analyses are given of the geotechnical properties of caliche, clay, duricrust, soil, laterite, marine sediments, and rocks.

  16. Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluation of The Structural Designing of Medical Informatics Dynamic Encyclopedia

    PubMed Central

    Safdari, Reza; Shahmoradi, Leila; Hosseini-beheshti, Molouk-sadat; Nejad, Ahmadreza Farzaneh; Hosseiniravandi, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Encyclopedias and their compilation have become so prevalent as a valid cultural medium in the world. The daily development of computer industry and the expansion of various sciences have made indispensable the compilation of electronic, specialized encyclopedias, especially the web-based ones. Materials and Methods: This is an applied-developmental study conducted in 2014. First, the main terms in the field of medical informatics were gathered using MeSH Online 2014 and the supplementary terms of each were determined, and then the tree diagram of the terms was drawn based on their relationship in MeSH. Based on the studies done by the researchers, the tree diagram of the encyclopedia was drawn with respect to the existing areas in this field, and the terms gathered were put in related domains. Findings: In MeSH, 75 preferred terms together with 249 supplementary ones were indexed. One of the informatics’ sub-branches is biomedical informatics and health which itself consists of three sub-divisions of bioinformatics, clinical informatics, and health informatics. Medical informatics which is a subdivision of clinical informatics has developed from the three fields of medical sciences, management and social sciences, and computational sciences and mathematics. Results and Discussion: Medical Informatics is created of confluence and fusion and applications of the three major scientific branches include health and biological sciences, social sciences and management sciences, computing and mathematical sciences, and according to that the structure of MeSH is weak for future development of Encyclopedia of Medical Informatics. PMID:26635440

  17. Entry/Exit Process Entry New Employee Entry Checklist

    E-print Network

    Gopalakrishnan, K.

    Entry/Exit Process Entry ­ New Employee Entry Checklist This form applies to faculty, non should utilize the New Employee Entry Checklist to ensure that proper processes have been followed when have the flexibility to delete, mark "not applicable", and/or add to the entry checklist as appropriate

  18. State-of-the-Art Multimedia in 1996: The "Big Four" General Encyclopedias on CD-ROM.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacso, Peter

    1996-01-01

    Reviews four CD-ROM encyclopedias: Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia, 1996 Edition; Microsoft Encarta 96 Encyclopedia; the 1996 Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia; and World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia 1996. Focuses on multimedia features, their quantity, quality, accessibility, and playability. Discusses each product's novel features and important…

  19. The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences

    E-print Network

    Sloane, Neil J. A.

    , 6, 3, 9, 12, 8, 10, 5, 15, ... ? · Addictive (better than video games) · Accessible (free, friendly, or sequence number: 1,2,3,6,11,23,47,106,235 Search Hints Welcome Video For more information about · "Music" andVideos · The BANFF "Integer Sequences and K12" Conference Monday, March 16, 15 #12;· Fun: 2, 4

  20. Using a digital marketing platform for the promotion of an internet based health encyclopedia in saudi arabia.

    PubMed

    Al Ateeq, Asma; Al Moamary, Eman; Daghestani, Tahani; Al Muallem, Yahya; Al Dogether, Majed; Alsughayr, Abdulrahman; Altuwaijri, Majid; Househ, Mowafa

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to investigate the experiences of using a digital marketing platform to promote the use of an internet based health encyclopedia in Saudi Arabia. Key informant interviews, meeting documentation, and Google Analytics were the data collection sources used in the study. Findings show that using a digital marketing platform led to a significant increase in the number of visitors to the health encyclopedia. The results demonstrate that digital marketing platforms are effective tools to be used for promoting internet based health education interventions. Future work will examine long-term educational impacts and costs in using digital marketing platforms to promote online healthcare sites in Saudi Arabia. PMID:25676939

  1. Modulated Entry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grant, Frederick C.

    1960-01-01

    The technique of modulation, or variable coefficients, is discussed and the analytical formulation is reviewed. Representative numerical results of the use of modulation are shown for the lifting and nonlifting cases. These results include the effects of modulation on peak acceleration, entry corridor, and heat absorption. Results are given for entry at satellite speed and escape speed. The indications are that coefficient modulation on a vehicle with good lifting capability offers the possibility of sizable loading reductions or, alternatively, wider corridors; thus, steep entries become practical from the loading standpoint. The amount of steepness depends on the acceptable heating penalty. The price of sizable fractions of the possible gains does not appear to be excessive.

  2. Web-based encyclopedia on physical effects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Papliatseyeu, Andrey; Repich, Maryna; Ilyushonak, Boris; Hurbo, Aliaksandr; Makarava, Katerina; Lutkovski, Vladimir M.

    2004-07-01

    Web-based learning applications open new horizons for educators. In this work we present the computer encyclopedia designed to overcome drawbacks of traditional paper information sources such as awkward search, low update rate, limited copies count and high cost. Moreover, we intended to improve access and search functions in comparison with some Internet sources in order to make it more convenient. The system is developed using modern Java technologies (Jave Servlets, Java Server Pages) and contains systemized information about most important and explored physical effects. It also may be used in other fields of science. The system is accessible via Intranet/Internet networks by means of any up-to-date Internet browser. It may be used for general learning purposes and as a study guide or tutorial for performing laboratory works.

  3. An integrated encyclopedia of DNA elements in the human genome

    E-print Network

    Altshuler, Robert Charles

    The human genome encodes the blueprint of life, but the function of the vast majority of its nearly three billion bases is unknown. The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project has systematically mapped regions of ...

  4. Proteopedia: Exciting Advances in the 3D Encyclopedia of Biomolecular Structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prilusky, Jaime; Hodis, Eran; Sussman, Joel L.

    Proteopedia is a collaborative, 3D web-encyclopedia of protein, nucleic acid and other structures. Proteopedia ( http://www.proteopedia.org ) presents 3D biomolecule structures in a broadly accessible manner to a diverse scientific audience through easy-to-use molecular visualization tools integrated into a wiki environment that anyone with a user account can edit. We describe recent advances in the web resource in the areas of content and software. In terms of content, we describe a large growth in user-added content as well as improvements in automatically-generated content for all PDB entry pages in the resource. In terms of software, we describe new features ranging from the capability to create pages hidden from public view to the capability to export pages for offline viewing. New software features also include an improved file-handling system and availability of biological assemblies of protein structures alongside their asymmetric units.

  5. Employee Self-Service Banking Entry for Direct Deposit All employees have access to initiate and update direct deposit information online once they receive a computing

    E-print Network

    Acton, Scott

    Employee Self-Service Banking Entry for Direct Deposit All employees have access to initiate-Friday, from 8a-5p. 3) Click on the "UVA Employee Self-Service" link on the left. 4) Click on the "Banking Information" link. A. Initial setup for deposit to one bank account 1. Click on the "Add Deposit Payment

  6. McGraw Hill encyclopedia of science and technology. An international reference work in fifteen volumes including an index

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    This extensively revised and updated 5th Edition features contributions by 3000 distinguished experts - including 16 Nobel Prize winners - working with an international advisory board and 60 consulting editors. Thorough coverage is devoted to 75 separate disciplines in science and technology, from acoustics and biochemistry through fluid mechanics and geophysics to thermodynamics and vertebrate zoology. Detailed entries examine not only the physical and natural sciences, but also all engineering disciplines, discussing both the basic and the most recent theories, concepts, terminology, discoveries, materials, methods, and techniques. All of the new developments and technical advances that have occurred during the last five years - in each of the 75 disciplines - have been added to the encyclopedia and are explored in depth. Completely new material deals with such timely and newsworthy subjects as genetic engineering, artificial intelligence, nuclear medicine, desertification, psycholinguistics, industrial robots, and immunoassay. Also covered in extensive entries are such current topics as video disk recording, metallic glasses, acoustic levitation, magnetic bubble memory, gluons, and computerized tomography. The encyclopedia includes more than 15,000 photographs, drawings, maps, charts, and diagrams, shown in full-color, two-color, or black-and-white reproductions.

  7. Mantle convection Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics, Harsh Gupta (ed.), Springer

    E-print Network

    Mantle convection Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics, Harsh Gupta (ed.), Springer David;Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics Mantle Convection, David Bercovici MANTLE CONVECTION Synonyms Mantle dynamics. Mantle circulation. Definition Mantle convection: Thermal convection in the terrestrial planetary

  8. Encyclopedia of Youth and War: Young People as Participants and Victims.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherrow, Victoria

    This encyclopedia provides comprehensive information on youth and war. Beginning with the 30 Years' War in the 17th century and ending with the conflicts in Bosnia and Kosovo, the encyclopedia covers children and youth from birth to age 18, with additional materials on young adults from 18 to 24 years of age. The encyclopedia includes over 300…

  9. Boyhood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clement, Priscilla Ferguson, Ed.; Reinier, Jacqueline S., Ed.

    This encyclopedia is the first reference work to focus on the life and history of U.S. boyhood through the centuries. Coverage in the encyclopedia spans education, ethnicity, sports, work, religion, and health issues. The encyclopedia's expert contributors approach topics from many disciplines, including history, cultural studies, media studies,…

  10. Knowledge extraction and semantic annotation of text from the encyclopedia of life.

    PubMed

    Thessen, Anne E; Parr, Cynthia Sims

    2014-01-01

    Numerous digitization and ontological initiatives have focused on translating biological knowledge from narrative text to machine-readable formats. In this paper, we describe two workflows for knowledge extraction and semantic annotation of text data objects featured in an online biodiversity aggregator, the Encyclopedia of Life. One workflow tags text with DBpedia URIs based on keywords. Another workflow finds taxon names in text using GNRD for the purpose of building a species association network. Both workflows work well: the annotation workflow has an F1 Score of 0.941 and the association algorithm has an F1 Score of 0.885. Existing text annotators such as Terminizer and DBpedia Spotlight performed well, but require some optimization to be useful in the ecology and evolution domain. Important future work includes scaling up and improving accuracy through the use of distributional semantics. PMID:24594988

  11. Knowledge Extraction and Semantic Annotation of Text from the Encyclopedia of Life

    PubMed Central

    Thessen, Anne E.; Parr, Cynthia Sims

    2014-01-01

    Numerous digitization and ontological initiatives have focused on translating biological knowledge from narrative text to machine-readable formats. In this paper, we describe two workflows for knowledge extraction and semantic annotation of text data objects featured in an online biodiversity aggregator, the Encyclopedia of Life. One workflow tags text with DBpedia URIs based on keywords. Another workflow finds taxon names in text using GNRD for the purpose of building a species association network. Both workflows work well: the annotation workflow has an F1 Score of 0.941 and the association algorithm has an F1 Score of 0.885. Existing text annotators such as Terminizer and DBpedia Spotlight performed well, but require some optimization to be useful in the ecology and evolution domain. Important future work includes scaling up and improving accuracy through the use of distributional semantics. PMID:24594988

  12. WILEY ENCYCLOPEDIA OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS, 2002 (PREPRINT) 1 Wireless Infrared Communications

    E-print Network

    Carruthers, Jeffrey

    of light waves in the near infrared band as a transmission medium for communication(1-3), as shown are usu- ally connected to a computer with other networked connections. Although infrared light is usuallyWILEY ENCYCLOPEDIA OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS, 2002 (PREPRINT) 1 Wireless Infrared Communications

  13. A Solution to the Problem of Updating Encyclopedias

    E-print Network

    Zalta, Edward N.

    a solution to this This paper was published in Computers and the Humanities, 31/1 (1997): 47­60. The authors¸caise is still available in loose-leaf format. 1 Eric Hammer and Edward N. Zalta 2 problem, namely, a `dynamic encyclopedia simply evolves and quickly adapts to reflect advances in research. We believe that the process

  14. Book Review. Pushkinskaia Entsiklopediia “Mikhailovskoe” (Pushkin Encyclopedia “Mikhailovskoe”)

    E-print Network

    Giullian, Jon C.

    2006-01-01

    This article reviews volume one of the encyclopedia, which sets out to be a systematic guide to information about the realities of A. S. Pushkin’s life in the Pskov region. The work is intended to help both reader and ...

  15. Towards a History of the Encyclopedia from Jerome to Isidor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, S.

    1981-01-01

    Traces the evolution of the idea of an encyclopedia from Jerome, who worked mainly in Caesarea in Palestine towards the end of the Roman Empire, through the work of Augustine, Martianus Capella, Boethius, and Cassiodorus Senator, to Isidor, who worked in Seville on the eve of the Carolingian Renaissance. (LLS)

  16. Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences Computational Neuroscience: From Biology to Cognition

    E-print Network

    O'Reilly, Randall C.

    Encyclopedia of Cognitive Sciences Computational Neuroscience: From Biology to Cognition Article;2 Computational Neuroscience: From Biology to Cognition Introduction This article describes computer models to relatively low-level biology to cognition. Here, we consider models that try to span the gap between biology

  17. 31 CFR 356.4 - What are the book-entry systems in which auctioned Treasury securities may be issued?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... PUBLIC DEBT SALE AND ISSUE OF MARKETABLE BOOK-ENTRY TREASURY BILLS, NOTES, AND BONDS (DEPARTMENT OF THE... this system, account holders maintain accounts in a book-entry, online system directly on the...

  18. Grading Instructions in PeopleSoft Grade Entry using Spreadsheet Upload

    E-print Network

    Fletcher, Robin

    Grading Instructions in PeopleSoft Grade Entry using Spreadsheet Upload Grade Entry ­ using Spreadsheet Upload Demo March, 2011 3/22/2011 1 All grade entry will be done either on-line or via spreadsheets. Grades may also be uploaded from a spreadsheet by both instructors and administrative staff

  19. An Integrated Approach for Entry Mission Design and Flight Simulations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lu, Ping; Rao, Prabhakara

    2004-01-01

    An integrated approach for entry trajectory design, guidance, and simulation is proposed. The key ingredients for this approach are an on-line 3 degree-of-freedom entry trajectory planning algorithm and the entry guidance algorithm that generates the guidance gains automatically. When fully developed, such a tool could enable end-bend entry mission design and simulations in 3DOF and 6DOF mode from de-orbit burn to the TAEM interface and beyond, all in one key stroke. Some preliminary examples of such a capability are presented in this paper that demonstrate the potential of this type of integrated environment.

  20. 2001. Pp 161-176 in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Vol 4, Simon A. Levin, ed, Academic Press. 2001. Pp 161-176 in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Vol 4, Simon A. Levin, ed, Academic Press.

    E-print Network

    Chesson, Peter L.

    2001. Pp 161-176 in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Vol 4, Simon A. Levin, ed, Academic Press. #12;2001. Pp 161-176 in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Vol 4, Simon A. Levin, ed, Academic Press. #12;2001. Pp 161-176 in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Vol 4, Simon A. Levin, ed, Academic Press. #12;2001. Pp 161

  1. Waikupanaha ocean entry

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    At the Waikupanaha ocean entry (left), three separate steam plumes merge into one as the wind blows the steam offshore. The west Waikupanaha entry is spread out over a larger area with at least 5 separate lava entry points. This photo was taken looking southeast....

  2. LETTER doi:10.1038/nature11003 The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia enables predictive

    E-print Network

    Kaski, Samuel

    LETTER doi:10.1038/nature11003 The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia enables predictive modelling and pharmacological annotation is available1 . Here we describe the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE cancer cell lines. When coupled with pharmacological profiles for 24 anticancer drugs across 479of

  3. Expansion of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea

    SciTech Connect

    Rinke, Christian; Sczyrba, Alex; Malfatti, Stephanie; Lee, Janye; Cheng, Jan-Fang; Stepanauskas, Ramunas; Eisen, Jonathan A.; Hallam, Steven; Inskeep, William P.; Hedlund, Brian P.; Sievert, Stefan M.; Liu, Wen-Tso; Tsiamis, George; Hugenholtz, Philip; Woyke, Tanja

    2011-03-20

    To date the vast majority of bacterial and archaeal genomes sequenced are of rather limited phylogenetic diversity as they were chosen based on their physiology and/ or medical importance. The Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) project (Wu et al. 2009) is aimed to systematically filling the gaps of the tree of life with phylogenetically diverse reference genomes. However more than 99percent of microorganisms elude current culturing attempts, severely limiting the ability to recover complete or even partial genomes of these largely mysterious species. These limitations gave rise to the GEBA uncultured project. Here we propose to use single cell genomics to massively expand the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea by targeting 80 single cell representatives of uncultured candidate phyla which have no or very few cultured representatives. Generating these reference genomes of uncultured microbes will dramatically increase the discovery rate of novel protein families and biological functions, shed light on the numerous underrepresented phyla that likely play important roles in the environment, and will assist in improving the reconstruction of the evolutionary history of Bacteria and Archaea. Moreover, these data will improve our ability to interpret metagenomics sequence data from diverse environments, which will be of tremendous value for microbial ecology and evolutionary studies to come.

  4. Expansion of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea

    SciTech Connect

    Rinke, Christian; Sczyrba, Alex; Malfatti, Stephanie; Lee, Janey; Cheng, Jan-Fang; Stepanauskas, Ramunas; Eisen, Jonathan A.; Hallam, Steven; Inskeep, William P.; Hedlund, Brian P.; Sievert, Stefan M.; Liu, Wen-Tso; Tsiamis, George; Hugenholtz, Philip; Woyke, Tanja

    2011-06-02

    To date the vast majority of bacterial and archaeal genomes sequenced are of rather limited phylogenetic diversity as they were chosen based on their physiology and/ or medical importance. The Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) project (Wu et al. 2009) is aimed at systematically filling the gaps of the tree of life with phylogenetically diverse reference genomes. However more than 99 percent of microorganisms elude current culturing attempts, severely limiting the ability to recover complete or even partial genomes of these largely mysterious species. These limitations gave rise to the GEBA uncultured project. Here we propose to use single cell genomics to massively expand the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea by targeting 80 single cell representatives of uncultured candidate phyla which have no or very few cultured representatives. Generating these reference genomes of uncultured microbes will dramatically increase the discovery rate of novel protein families and biological functions, shed light on the numerous underrepresented phyla that likely play important roles in the environment, and will assist in improving the reconstruction of the evolutionary history of Bacteria and Archaea. Moreover, these data will improve our ability to interpret metagenomics sequence data from diverse environments, which will be of tremendous value for microbial ecology and evolutionary studies to come.

  5. Stardust Entry Reconstruction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desai, Prasun N.; Qualls, Garry D.

    2008-01-01

    An overview of the reconstruction analyses performed for the Stardust capsule entry is described. The results indicate that the actual entry was very close to the pre-entry predictions. The capsule landed 8.1 km north-northwest of the desired target at Utah Test and Training Range. Analyses of infrared video footage and radar range data (obtained from tracking stations) during the descent show that drogue parachute deployment was 4.8 s later than the pre-entry prediction, while main parachute deployment was 19.3 s earlier than the pre-set timer indicating that main deployment was actually triggered by the backup baroswitch. Reconstruction of a best estimated trajectory revealed that the aerodynamic drag experienced by the capsule during hypersonic flight was within 1% of pre-entry predications. Observations of the heatshield support the pre-entry estimates of small hypersonic angles of attack, since there was very little, if any, charring of the shoulder region or the aftbody. Through this investigation, an overall assertion can be made that all the data gathered from the Stardust capsule entry were consistent with flight performance close to nominal pre-entry predictions. Consequently, the design principles and methodologies utilized for the flight dynamics, aerodynamics, and aerothermodynamics analyses have been corroborated.

  6. Ki Ocean Entry

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    Since reaching the water a few weeks ago, the Ki ocean entry has formed a small delta, seen here, with a surface area of about 7 acres. A small steam plume rises above the entry, indicating that relatively little lava is making it into the ocean....

  7. An Integrated Encyclopedia of DNA Elements in the Human Genome

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Summary The human genome encodes the blueprint of life, but the function of the vast majority of its nearly three billion bases is unknown. The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project has systematically mapped regions of transcription, transcription factor association, chromatin structure, and histone modification. These data enabled us to assign biochemical functions for 80% of the genome, in particular outside of the well-studied protein-coding regions. Many discovered candidate regulatory elements are physically associated with one another and with expressed genes, providing new insights into the mechanisms of gene regulation. The newly identified elements also show a statistical correspondence to sequence variants linked to human disease, and can thereby guide interpretation of this variation. Overall the project provides new insights into the organization and regulation of our genes and genome, and an expansive resource of functional annotations for biomedical research. PMID:22955616

  8. An integrated encyclopedia of DNA elements in the human genome.

    PubMed

    2012-09-01

    The human genome encodes the blueprint of life, but the function of the vast majority of its nearly three billion bases is unknown. The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project has systematically mapped regions of transcription, transcription factor association, chromatin structure and histone modification. These data enabled us to assign biochemical functions for 80% of the genome, in particular outside of the well-studied protein-coding regions. Many discovered candidate regulatory elements are physically associated with one another and with expressed genes, providing new insights into the mechanisms of gene regulation. The newly identified elements also show a statistical correspondence to sequence variants linked to human disease, and can thereby guide interpretation of this variation. Overall, the project provides new insights into the organization and regulation of our genes and genome, and is an expansive resource of functional annotations for biomedical research. PMID:22955616

  9. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE SCIENCES Population genetics: multilocus (article reference code: 1783)

    E-print Network

    Gavrilets, Sergey

    Page 1 ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE SCIENCES Population genetics: multilocus (article reference code: 1783) Sergey Gavrilets Departments of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Mathematics University of Tennessee variation at several loci in biological populations. Haplotypes Even the simplest known biological organisms

  10. Exploiting a Multilingual Web-based Encyclopedia for Bilingual Terminology Extraction

    E-print Network

    Exploiting a Multilingual Web-based Encyclopedia for Bilingual Terminology Extraction Fatiha Sadat for bilingual terminology extraction. We propose an approach to extract terms and their translations from terms of the source query. Keywords: Bilingual terminology, comparable corpora, Wikipedia, multilingual

  11. Genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization pathways in the Shewanella genus

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Carbohydrates are a primary source of carbon and energy for many bacteria. Accurate projection of known carbohydrate catabolic pathways across diverse bacteria with complete genomes constitutes a substantial challenge due to frequent variations in components of these pathways. To address a practically and fundamentally important challenge of reconstruction of carbohydrate utilization machinery in any microorganism directly from its genomic sequence, we combined a subsystems-based comparative genomic approach with experimental validation of selected bioinformatic predictions by a combination of biochemical, genetic and physiological experiments. Results We applied this integrated approach to systematically map carbohydrate utilization pathways in 19 genomes from the Shewanella genus. The obtained genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization includes ~170 protein families (mostly metabolic enzymes, transporters and transcriptional regulators) spanning 17 distinct pathways with a mosaic distribution across Shewanella species providing insights into their ecophysiology and adaptive evolution. Phenotypic assays revealed a remarkable consistency between predicted and observed phenotype, an ability to utilize an individual sugar as a sole source of carbon and energy, over the entire matrix of tested strains and sugars. Comparison of the reconstructed catabolic pathways with E. coli identified multiple differences that are manifested at various levels, from the presence or absence of certain sugar catabolic pathways, nonorthologous gene replacements and alternative biochemical routes to a different organization of transcription regulatory networks. Conclusions The reconstructed sugar catabolome in Shewanella spp includes 62 novel isofunctional families of enzymes, transporters, and regulators. In addition to improving our knowledge of genomics and functional organization of carbohydrate utilization in Shewanella, this study led to a substantial expansion of our current version of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Carbohydrate Utilization. A systematic and iterative application of this approach to multiple taxonomic groups of bacteria will further enhance it, creating a knowledge base adequate for the efficient analysis of any newly sequenced genome as well as of the emerging metagenomic data. PMID:20836887

  12. Atmospheric re-entry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    East, Robin A.

    Atmospheric reentry and aero-assisted orbited transfer are discussed. The aerodynamic features of the range of atmospheric braking and maneuvering space vehicles are determined by the velocity-altitude regime of the atmospheric flight. A comparison of the flight regimes of several of the vehicles proposed for earth atmosphere encounters is presented. A typical entry altitude where the 'top' of the earth's atmosphere is encountered (about 150 km). The bulk of the trajectories for the Space Shuttle orbiter, Apollo reentry, ICBM, and AMOOS lie within the continuum flow regime. For AOTVs and plane change vehicles, a significant fraction of the atmospheric encounter occurs in a very energetic rarefied flow regime. Chemical nonequilibrium effects, radiative heat transfer, and air ionization are phenomena which have a major influence on AOTVs. Ballistic entry at large angles of descent, lifting entry, thermal protection systems, and the entry corridor are discussed.

  13. An Online Tool that Searches the WDS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bryant, T.

    2015-07-01

    An online tool that extracts entries based on user input from the Washington Double Star Catalog (WDS)1 has been created. It can be found at: http://mainsequence.org/html/wds/getListOfDoubles/mkWDS_List.html

  14. Distant Fume from Lava Entry

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    View looking toward the ocean entries in the distance. The 'Ili'ili entry is marked by the tiny plume to the left. The very broad Puhiokalaikini entry comprises the rest of the plumes along the shoreline. The tube system feeding the ocean entries is delineated by the fume in the foreground....

  15. Eligibility, Terms and Conditions Entries are open to currently enrolled Washington University in St. Louis

    E-print Network

    Subramanian, Venkat

    to enter the contest. All entries must be uploaded through a YouTube online as well as used for general promotional and publicity activity, and authorize others to use, your video for any educational or promotional purpose

  16. Genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization pathways in the Shewanella genus

    SciTech Connect

    Rodionov, Dmitry A.; Yang, Chen; Li, Xiaoqing; Rodionova, Irina A.; Wang, Yanbing; Obraztsova, Anna; Zagnitko, Olga P.; Overbeek, Ross; Romine, Margaret F.; Reed, Samantha B.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Nealson, Kenneth H.; Osterman, Andrei L.

    2010-09-13

    To address a practically and fundamentally important challenge of reconstruction of carbohydrate utilization machinery in any microorganism directly from its genomic sequence, we have established a subsystems-based comparative approach and applied it to 19 genomes from the Shewanella genus. The key stages of our approach include: (i) a homology-based identification of gene candidates using a genomic compilation of ~500 known components of sugar catabolic pathways; (ii) functional assignment of orthologs and prediction of alternative genes and pathway variants based on genomic (operons, regulons) and functional (subsystems, pathways) context analysis; (iii) validation of bioinformatic predictions by a combination of biochemical, genetic and physiological experiments. The obtained genomic encyclopedia of sugar utilization includes ~170 protein families (mostly metabolic enzymes, transporters and transcriptional regulators) spanning 17 distinct pathways with a mosaic distribution across Shewanella species providing insights into their ecophysiology and adaptive evolution. The reconstructed catabolic pathways are significantly enriched by nonorthologous gene replacements and alternative biochemical routes. Phenotypic assays revealed a remarkable consistency between predicted and observed phenotype, an ability to utilize an individual sugar as a sole source of carbon and energy, over the entire matrix of tested strains and sugars. In addition to improving our knowledge of genomics, functional organization and evolution of the sugar catabolome, this study confirmed the efficiency of the established approach, which is scalable and applicable to other groups of microorganisms.

  17. Reol: R interface to the Encyclopedia of Life

    PubMed Central

    Banbury, Barbara L; O'Meara, Brian C

    2014-01-01

    The Encyclopedia of Life is a website that hosts information about life on Earth. Its mission is to increase awareness and understanding of living nature through a freely accessible digital source. Information is publicly available through graphical webpages (browser interface) or through an application programming interface (API). We developed Reol, an open-source package for the R environment, which downloads data from the EOL API, searches for and extracts specific information, and builds tables with quantitative data and/or hierarchical classifications. We provide a detailed description how Reol can be used as a bridge between the R environment and the EOL API to extract quantitative or hierarchical content. It will be particularly useful for researchers who want information about taxonomic groups of interest (for example: how much information is known about flatworm species? What are the taxonomic synonyms for bird species?) or construct a taxonomic tree. Reol is a tool for researchers who wish to download and gather data from EOL or its provider pages. We provide numerous functions within R for downloading, gathering data in different forms, creating taxonomic trees, and plotting data, which work with functions already available through various packages. It joins a growing body of R packages that interact with web-based APIs to streamline data acquisition, thereby easing the analysis of large publicly available datasets. PMID:25360287

  18. N-Body Problem Encyclopedia of Nonlinear Science

    E-print Network

    Diacu, Florin

    or in the past. Kepler's laws (see the \\celestial mechanics" entry) can be recovered from system (1). For N #21 was the #12;rst who wrote the equations as we know them now. The case N = 2, also called the Kepler problem

  19. Time card entry system

    SciTech Connect

    Montierth, B.S.

    1996-05-01

    The Time Card Entry System was developed to interface with the DOE Headquarters Electronic Time and Attendance (ETA) system. It features pop-up window pick lists for Work Breakdown Structure Numbers and Hour Codes and has extensive processing that ensures that time and attendance reported by the employee fulfills US Government/OMB requirements before Timekeepers process the data at the end of the two week payroll cycle using ETA. Tours of Duty (e.g. ten hour day, four day week with Friday through Sunday off), established in the ETA system, are imported into the Time Card Entry System by the Timekeepers. An individual`s Tour of Duty establishes the basis for validation of time of day and number of hours worked per day. At the end of the two week cycle, data is exported by the Timekeepers from the Time Card Entry System into ETA data files.

  20. Chapter 17 in Encyclopedia of Computational Mechanics, Volume 3: Fluids Finite Element Methods for Fluid Dynamics with

    E-print Network

    Tezduyar, Tayfun E.

    Chapter 17 in Encyclopedia of Computational Mechanics, Volume 3: Fluids Finite Element Methods surfaces, two-fluid interfaces, fluid­object and fluid­structure in- teractions, and moving mechanical in Encyclopedia of Computational Mechanics, Volume 3: Fluids (eds. E. Stein, R. De Borst and T.J.R. Hughes), John

  1. Entry Systems Panel deliberations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rasky, Daniel J.; Rummler, Donald R.; Bersch, Charlie; Dixon, Sidney C.

    1993-01-01

    The Entry Systems Panel was chaired by Don Rummler, LaRC and Dan Rasky, ARC. As requested, each panel participant prior to the workshop prepared and delivered presentations to: (1) identify technology needs; (2) assess current programs; (3) identify technology gaps; and (4) identify highest payoff areas R&D. Participants presented background on the entry systems R&D efforts and operations experiences for the Space Shuttle Orbiter. These participants represented NASA Centers involved in research (Ames Research Center), development (Johnson Space Center) and operations (Kennedy Space Center) and the Shuttle Orbiter prime contractor. The presentations lead to the discovery of several lessons learned.

  2. Entry Systems Panel deliberations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rasky, Daniel J.; Rummler, Donald R.; Bersch, Charlie; Dixon, Sidney C.

    1993-02-01

    The Entry Systems Panel was chaired by Don Rummler, LaRC and Dan Rasky, ARC. As requested, each panel participant prior to the workshop prepared and delivered presentations to: (1) identify technology needs; (2) assess current programs; (3) identify technology gaps; and (4) identify highest payoff areas R&D. Participants presented background on the entry systems R&D efforts and operations experiences for the Space Shuttle Orbiter. These participants represented NASA Centers involved in research (Ames Research Center), development (Johnson Space Center) and operations (Kennedy Space Center) and the Shuttle Orbiter prime contractor. The presentations lead to the discovery of several lessons learned.

  3. INTERIOR OF ENTRY HALLWAY AND STEEL ENTRY DOOR ON SOUTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    INTERIOR OF ENTRY HALLWAY AND STEEL ENTRY DOOR ON SOUTH SIDE, VIEW FACING NORTHEAST. - Naval Air Station Barbers Point, Telephone Exchange, Coral Sea Road north of Bismarck Sea Road, Ewa, Honolulu County, HI

  4. Think Exit at Entry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Rourke, Tom; Satterfield, Coy E.

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes the "Think Exit at Entry" program that has become the guiding principle for the Georgia Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ). The Georgia DJJ believes that the transition process begins the day the youth enters the system and continues well after release from the institution. Literature points the need for transition planning…

  5. Double-Entry Bookkeeping.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Herbert

    1999-01-01

    Explains the principles and mechanics of double-entry bookkeeping as a part of the accounting cycle to produce a functioning set of accounting records. Suggests that libraries need to have accurate and timely information about their spending to gain financial control and protect against fraud and abuse. (LRW)

  6. Ocean Entry Aerial View

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    As evident by the small plume at the ocean entry, the amount of lava traveling through the tubes from the vent to the ocean has diminished. The most active area of the flow field is above the pali where the new rootless shield is forming. ...

  7. Waikupanaha Ocean Entry

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    The Waikupanaha ocean entry remains active with its typical white steam plume blowing inland. The Hawaii County viewing area is marked by the white dots just below and left of the image center. The viewing area trailhead is at the white structure at the far right. ...

  8. ENVIRONMENTS and EOL: identification of Environment Ontology terms in text and the annotation of the Encyclopedia of Life

    PubMed Central

    Pafilis, Evangelos; Frankild, Sune P.; Schnetzer, Julia; Fanini, Lucia; Faulwetter, Sarah; Pavloudi, Christina; Vasileiadou, Katerina; Leary, Patrick; Hammock, Jennifer; Schulz, Katja; Parr, Cynthia Sims; Arvanitidis, Christos; Jensen, Lars Juhl

    2015-01-01

    Summary: The association of organisms to their environments is a key issue in exploring biodiversity patterns. This knowledge has traditionally been scattered, but textual descriptions of taxa and their habitats are now being consolidated in centralized resources. However, structured annotations are needed to facilitate large-scale analyses. Therefore, we developed ENVIRONMENTS, a fast dictionary-based tagger capable of identifying Environment Ontology (ENVO) terms in text. We evaluate the accuracy of the tagger on a new manually curated corpus of 600 Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) species pages. We use the tagger to associate taxa with environments by tagging EOL text content monthly, and integrate the results into the EOL to disseminate them to a broad audience of users. Availability and implementation: The software and the corpus are available under the open-source BSD and the CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0 licenses, respectively, at http://environments.hcmr.gr Contact: pafilis@hcmr.gr or lars.juhl.jensen@cpr.ku.dk Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. PMID:25619994

  9. Computerized provider order entry systems.

    PubMed

    2001-01-01

    Computerized provider order entry (CPOE) systems are designed to replace a hospital's paper-based ordering system. They allow users to electronically write the full range of orders, maintain an online medication administration record, and review changes made to an order by successive personnel. They also offer safety alerts that are triggered when an unsafe order (such as for a duplicate drug therapy) is entered, as well as clinical decision support to guide caregivers to less expensive alternatives or to choices that better fit established hospital protocols. CPOE systems can, when correctly configured, markedly increase efficiency and improve patient safety and patient care. However, facilities need to recognize that currently available CPOE systems require a tremendous amount of time and effort to be spent in customization before their safety and clinical support features can be effectively implemented. What's more, even after they've been customized, the systems may still allow certain unsafe orders to be entered. Thus, CPOE systems are not currently a quick or easy remedy for medical errors. ECRI's Evaluation of CPOE systems--conducted in collaboration with the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP)--discusses these and other related issues. It also examines and compares CPOE systems from three suppliers: Eclipsys Corp., IDX Systems Corp., and Siemens Medical Solutions Health Services Corp. Our testing focuses primarily on the systems' interfacing capabilities, patient safeguards, and ease of use. PMID:11696968

  10. MATH 2053 Online Finite Mathematics Course Syllabus Summer 2015

    E-print Network

    Capogna, Luca

    responsibility to keep up with the due dates on the online course work. Homework: Before starting homework youMATH 2053 Online ­ Finite Mathematics Course Syllabus ­ Summer 2015 Master Syllabus: YouLabsPlus, you must get a 100% on the Course Entry Quiz. Exams: Since it is an online class, everyone

  11. Time Card Entry System

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    1996-05-07

    The Time Card Entry System was developed for the Department of Enegy, Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID) to interface with the DOE headquarters (DOE-HQ) Electronic Time and Attendance (ETA) system for payroll. It features pop-up window pick lists for Work Breakdown Structure numbers and Hour Codes and has extensive processing that ensures that time and attendance reported by the employee fulfills U.S. Government/OMB requirements before Timekeepers process the data at the end of the two weekmore »payroll cycle using ETA. A tour of duty profile (e.g., ten hour day, four day week with Sunday, friday and Saturday off), previously established in the ETA system, is imported into the Time Card Entry System by the timekeepers. An individual''s profile establishes the basis for validation of time of day and number of hours worked per day. At the end of the two cycle, data is exported by the timekeepers from the Time Card Entry System into ETA files.« less

  12. The Radon-Nikodym theorem Article written for the International Encyclopedia for Statistical Sciences (Springer)

    E-print Network

    Konstantopoulos, Takis

    The Radon-Nikod´ym theorem Article written for the International Encyclopedia for Statistical A F then (A) = 0. The Radon- Nikod´ym theorem states that these exists a µ-integrable function f : R then the µ-measure of the points such that f() = f() equals zero. The function f is called Radon

  13. V I E W P O I N T The ENCODE (ENCyclopedia Of

    E-print Network

    Weng, Zhiping

    *. The ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project aims to identify all functional elements in the human genome sequence. The pilot phase of the Project is focused on a specified 30 megabases (È1%) of the human genome and characterization of human full- length cDNAs (11), the ENCODE Project (www.genome.gov/ENCODE) was launched

  14. ARTICLE doi:10.1038/nature11247 An integrated encyclopedia of DNA

    E-print Network

    The ENCODE Project Consortium* The human genome encodes the blueprint of life, but the function of the vastARTICLE doi:10.1038/nature11247 An integrated encyclopedia of DNA elements in the human genome and genome, and is an expansive resource of functional annotations for biomedical research. The human genome

  15. MJO--skeleton and conceptual models To appear in: Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Science, 2nd Edition

    E-print Network

    Stechmann, Samuel N.

    MJO--skeleton and conceptual models To appear in: Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Science, 2nd Edition dynamics. Further details beyond the MJO skeleton are referred to as the MJO's "muscle" and include refined convective systems (MCSs), and tropical cyclones. Hence the MJO is essentially an envelope of sub

  16. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Second Edition-Volume I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Barry T., Ed.

    The "Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian, Second Edition, Volume I", includes listings of related museums, libraries, government agencies, urban Indian centers, visual and instructional aid sources, authentic arts and crafts, reservations and tribal councils, monuments and state parks, government publications and newspapers, magazines…

  17. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Volume 1, 4th Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Barry T., Ed.

    Volume 1 of the fourth edition of the encyclopedia contains directory and descriptive listings of organizations in the United States and Canada, resource materials concerning North American Indians, and a bibliography of in-print books about the American Indian. The first section of the volume contains source listings of government agencies,…

  18. WORLD ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY Environmental History of Africa -Vimbai C. Kwashirai Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS)

    E-print Network

    U N ESC O ­ EO LSS SAM PLE C H APTER S WORLD ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY ­ Environmental History of Africa - Vimbai C. Kwashirai ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY of Natural Resources 7. Environmental Degradation Narrative 8. Post-colonial Management of Natural Resources

  19. David Catling, in Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments 1 ATMOSPHERIC EVOLUTION OF MARS

    E-print Network

    Winglee, Robert M.

    of the last 4 Gyr. During this time, the surface of Mars has been altered by the effect of atmospheric. However, the thin, dry Martian atmosphere provides a modest greenhouse warming of ~5-8 K, which raisesDavid Catling, in Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments 1 ATMOSPHERIC EVOLUTION

  20. "Treaties with American Indians: An Encyclopedia of Rights, Conflicts, and Sovereignty"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krueger, Karla

    2009-01-01

    This article provides an overview of the three-volume reference set, "Treaties with American Indians: An Encyclopedia of Rights, Conflicts, and Sovereignty" published by ABC-CLIO. This reference work is edited by Donald Fixico, Arizona State University, and dedicated to the people of his tribes: (1) Shawnee; (2) Sac and Fox; (3) Seminole; and (4)…

  1. Effective Educational Programs: Meta-Findings from the Best Evidence Encyclopedia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slavin, Robert E.; Lake, Cynthia

    2009-01-01

    One of the major series of reviews in elementary and secondary education is the Best Evidence Encyclopedia, or the BEE. Up to now, findings for systematic reviews have largely been restricted to the reviews themselves, with few cases in which lessons learned across many reviews using similar methods can be synthesized. The completion of the Best…

  2. Standard Cross-Cultural Sample International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 2nd

    E-print Network

    White, Douglas R.

    Standard Cross-Cultural Sample International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 2nd Edition The Standard Cross-Cultural Sample, or SCCS (Murdock and White 1969), is a cumulative and collaborative by scholars in the social sciences. The champion of modern cross-cultural and statistical methods, George P

  3. Parenthood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balter, Lawrence, Ed.

    Based on the view that insights from psychology, sociology, and medicine can enhance our understanding of the history of the family, this two-volume encyclopedia focuses on psychological aspects of the parent-child relationship, parenthood, and child development. Cultural, social, and historical matters and biological concepts are discussed when…

  4. Girlhood in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. The American Family.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forman-Brunell, Miriam, Ed.

    Girls, who used to be second-class citizens, are now coming into their own. Still, girls' lives, their experiences, and their roles in the social, cultural, economic, and political history of the United States have been widely overlooked. This reference encyclopedia presents more than 100 signed articles by 98 high-profile interdisciplinary…

  5. Action Research: Addendum to the Encyclopedia of Distance Education Research in Iowa. Revised 2nd Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maushak, Nancy J. Ed.; Manternach-Wigans, Lynn, Ed.

    "Action Research" and the "Encyclopedia of Distance Education Research" (1994) are designed as resources for distance education research in Iowa, including information on developing, implementing, and administering distance education systems. This addendum containing an additional seven research studies includes the following papers: "Innovations…

  6. Philosophy of Education: An Encyclopedia. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities. Vol. 1671.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chambliss, J. J., Ed.

    This reference book charts the influence of philosophical ideas that have had the greatest influence on education from ancient Greece to the present. The book covers such classical thinkers as Plato, Augustine, Hypatia, Locke, and Rousseau, as well as such recent figures as Montessori, Heidegger, Du Bois, and Dewey. The encyclopedia consists of…

  7. Shimamura, A. P. (1992), Organic Amnesia, from L. R. Squire (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Learning and

    E-print Network

    Shimamura, Arthur P.

    1992-01-01

    retrograde amnesia, which refers to impairment of memory for events that occurred before the onset of amnesia. Yet, following surgery H.M.'s retrograde amnesia was not severe, as indicated by the fact that he perShimamura, A. P. (1992), Organic Amnesia, from L. R. Squire (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Learning

  8. December 17, 2008 Robert Almgren / Encyclopedia of Quantitative Finance Execution Costs 1 Execution Costs

    E-print Network

    Almgren, Robert F.

    December 17, 2008 Robert Almgren / Encyclopedia of Quantitative Finance Execution Costs 1 Execution Costs Execution costs are the difference in value between an ideal trade and what was actually done. The execution cost of a single completed trade is typically the difference between the final average trade price

  9. 31 CFR 315.3 - Converting definitive savings bonds to book-entry bonds in New Treasury Direct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    Series E savings bonds that were originally issued as definitive bonds may be converted to book-entry bonds through New Treasury Direct, an online system for holding Treasury securities. The Web address for New Treasury Direct is...

  10. Blackwell Reference Online Blackwell Reference Online provides full text access to about 270 works such as dictionaries, encyclopedias and

    E-print Network

    Po, Lai-Man

    AND culture AND crime records with both the words culture and crime OR web OR internet records with the word.g. "crime prevention". Use Boolean Operators to combine multiple words/phrases: Operator Example Finds web or internet or both NOT literature NOT poetry records with the word literature but not poetry

  11. Entry guidance and entry autopilot (STS-1 baseline)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harpold, J. C.; Hill, O.

    1980-01-01

    Preliminary entry guidance and autopilot software formulations, for use in the Mission Control Center (MCC) entry processor, are presented. The MCC requirements are met by a definition of coordinate systems, a list of parameter definitions for the software formulations, a description of the entry guidance detailed formulation requirements, a description of the detailed autopilot formualtion requirements, a description of the targeting routine, and a set of formulation flow charts.

  12. 31 CFR 351.62 - How is payment made for purchases of book-entry Series EE savings bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How is payment made for purchases of... is payment made for purchases of book-entry Series EE savings bonds? You may only purchase book-entry Series EE savings bonds online through your New Treasury Direct account. You may pay for your...

  13. 31 CFR 359.47 - How is payment made for purchases of book-entry Series I savings bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How is payment made for purchases of... is payment made for purchases of book-entry Series I savings bonds? You may only purchase book-entry Series I savings bonds online through your New Treasury Direct account. You may pay for your...

  14. Planetary entry experiments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Craig, Roger A.

    1994-01-01

    The final report summarizes the results from three research areas: (1) window design for the radiometric measurement of the forebody radiative heating experienced by atmospheric entry spaceraft; (2) survey of the current understanding of chemical species on selected solar system bodies and assess the importance of measurements with regard to vehicle environment and with regard to understanding of planetary atmospheres with emphasis on Venus, Mars, and Titan; and (3) measure and analyze the radiation (VUV to near-IR) from the shock heated gas cap of a blunt body in an Ames arc Jet wind-tunnel facility.

  15. HIV-1 Entry Inhibitor

    Cancer.gov

    Soluble forms (sCD4) of human CD4, the HIV-1 primary receptor, are potent HIV-1 entry inhibitors. Both four-domain (D1-4) and two-domain (D1D2) sCD4 and their fusion proteins have been tested as candidate therapeutics in animal models and in human clinical trials and were well tolerated by patients with no significant clinical or immunologic toxicities and exhibited significant inhibitory activities. However, their activities were transient and the virus rapidly rebound.

  16. Entry Systems Panel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rasky, Daniel J.; Rummler, Donald R.; Bersch, Charlie; Dixon, Sidney C.

    1993-01-01

    As general findings, lessons learned from shuttle are: (1) bridge established between development center (JSC) Research Centers (ARC, LARC), and industry (RI, LMSC, Corning, Mansville, 3M LTV, Union Carbide, Hexcel) for shuttle TPS; (2) not all test results adequately analyzed or in hindsight, completely encompassing all failure modes; (3) gap heating effects from ground facilities not totally indicative of flight experience; (4) need to design with operations in mind (not just to cost) example: moisture intrusion of GR/EP, many other examples; (5) RSI- developed as point design for maneuvering entry vehicle of high L/D; and (6) RSI - 15 years from invention to use on flight hardware.

  17. Reconstruction of the Stardust Entry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desai, Prasun N.; Qualls, Garry D.

    2007-01-01

    An overview of the reconstruction analyses performed for the Stardust capsule entry is described. The results indicate that the actual entry was very close to the pre-entry predictions. The capsule landed 8.1 km northwest of the desired target at Utah Test and Training Range. Frequency analysis on the infrared video data indicates that the aerodynamics generated for the Stardust capsule reasonably predicted the drag and static stability. Observations of the heatshield support the pre-entry simulation estimates of a small hypersonic angles-of-attack, since there is very little, if any, charring of the shoulder region or the aftbody. Through this investigation, an overall assertion can be made that all the data gathered from the Stardust entry is consistent with flight performance close to the nominal pre-entry prediction. Consequently, the design principles and methodologies utilized for the flight dynamics, aerodynamics, and aerothermodynamics analyses have been corroborated.

  18. Outer planet entry nonequilibrium heating

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leibowitz, L. P.; Kuo, T. J.

    1975-01-01

    An analytical tool has been developed which enables the impact of nonequilibrium effects on outer planet entry heating to be estimated. The analysis combines recent shock tube experiments, flow field calculations, and planetary entry trajectory analysis. The thickness of the nonequilibrium layer and its variation around the entry body have been correlated by a reaction flow parameter over a wide range of entry conditions. The influence of nonequilibrium effects on heating during entry into Saturn and Jupiter model atmospheres has been studied and the effect of vehicle size and ballistic coefficient determined. A nonequilibrium layer of significant thickness was found to exist during portions of entry into Saturn and Jupiter warm atmospheres. However, the nonequilibrium layer was found to be thin during the peak heating portions of the trajectory and resulted in reductions in total probe heating of less than 15 per cent.

  19. GroupthinkFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "Groupthink is a psychological phenomenon that occurs within groups of

    E-print Network

    Fisher, Douglas H.

    GroupthinkFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "Groupthink is a psychological play into the likelihood of whether or not groupthink will impact the decision-making process." "The primary socially negagroupthink is the loss

  20. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience http://localhost:9123/Neurosciencelmain.jsp?file=422tryptophan.h... Richard J. Wurtman

    E-print Network

    Wurtman, Richard

    -- - --- ---.. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience http://localhost:9123/Neurosciencelmain.jsp?file=422://localhost:9123/Neurosciencelmain.jsp?file=422tryptophan.h... response to insulin secretion, :£Tomthe other LNAA

  1. (For McGraw-Hill 1999 Yearbook of Science & Technology, companion volume to Encyclopedia of Science & Technology)

    E-print Network

    Atom Laser (For McGraw-Hill 1999 Yearbook of Science & Technology, companion volume to Encyclopedia of Science & Technology) Wolfgang Ketterle Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

  2. Gurven, M. 2006. "Human Behavioral Ecology". In: H. Birx (Ed). Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

    E-print Network

    Gurven, Michael

    Gurven, M. 2006. "Human Behavioral Ecology". In: H. Birx (Ed). Encyclopedia of Anthropology variation within and among populations. Its intellectual roots stem from developments in biology (evolutionary biology, animal behavior, population and community ecology, life history theory), anthropology

  3. Molecular Evolution, Networks in From: Meyers, R.A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Complexity and System Science. Springer, Heidelberg

    E-print Network

    Wagner, Andreas

    Molecular Evolution, Networks in From: Meyers, R.A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Complexity and System of Biochemistry Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Building Y27 Winterthurerstrasse 190 CH-8057 Zurich

  4. Pandora's box: physician order entry and nursing work redesign.

    PubMed

    Richards, J

    2000-01-01

    The Canadian health care industry is undergoing unprecedented restructuring in response to the quest for quality management and cost reduction. Physician order entry and on-line results viewing within a fully integrated hospital clinical information system is often thought to be essential to maximum quality management, cost control, and clinical decision support. Using Hackman and Oldham's Job Characteristics model (1989) as a grounding for discussion, this author examines the impact of computerized physician order entry and on-line results viewing on the intrinsic meaning of nursing work and its subsequent redesign. This paper explores the historical meaning of nursing work related to the manual transcription of physician's orders, and contemplates the implications for future nursing work and research. Until now there has been little discussion in the current informatics literature on this topic. PMID:15495404

  5. 6/15/10 4:46 PMMacConkey agar -Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 1 of 3http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MacConkey_agar

    E-print Network

    Gage, Daniel J.

    6/15/10 4:46 PMMacConkey agar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 1 of 3http://en.wikipedia.org/wikiConkey agar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 2 of 3http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki-12-11. External links #12;6/15/10 4:46 PMMacConkey agar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 3 of 3http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki

  6. Shuttle entry guidance revisited

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mease, Kenneth D.; Kremer, Jean-Paul

    1992-01-01

    The Shuttle entry guidance concept is reviewed which is aimed at tracking a reference drag trajectory that leads to the specified range and velocity for the initiation of the terminal energy management phase. An approximate method of constructing the domain of attraction is proposed, and its validity is ascertained by simulation. An alternative guidance law yielding global exponential tracking in the absence of control saturation is derived using a feedback linearization method. It is noted that the alternative guidance law does not improve on the stability and performance of the current guidance law, for the operating domain and control capability of the Shuttle. It is suggested that the new guidance law with a larger operating domain and increased lift-to-drag capability would be superior.

  7. Reconstruction of the Genesis Entry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desai, Prasun N.; Qualls, Garry D.; Schoenenberger, Mark

    2005-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of the findings from a reconstruction analysis of the Genesis capsule entry. First, a comparison of the atmospheric properties (density and winds) encountered during the entry to the pre-entry profile is presented. The analysis that was performed on the video footage (obtained from the tracking stations at UTTR) during the descent is then described from which the Mach number at the onset of the capsule tumble was estimated following the failure of the drogue parachute deployment. Next, an assessment of the Genesis capsule aerodynamics that was extracted from the video footage is discussed, followed by a description of the capsule hypersonic attitude that must have occurred during the entry based on examination of the recovered capsule heatshield. Lastly, the entry trajectory reconstruction that was performed is presented.

  8. 19 CFR 147.11 - Entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... as follows: Entry for Exhibition Entry No. ______ Entry at the port of of articles consigned or... exhibition purposes under the Trade Fair Act of 1959. Mark Number Package and contents Quality Invoice...

  9. 19 CFR 147.11 - Entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... as follows: Entry for Exhibition Entry No. ______ Entry at the port of of articles consigned or... exhibition purposes under the Trade Fair Act of 1959. Mark Number Package and contents Quality Invoice...

  10. 19 CFR 147.11 - Entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... as follows: Entry for Exhibition Entry No. ______ Entry at the port of of articles consigned or... exhibition purposes under the Trade Fair Act of 1959. Mark Number Package and contents Quality Invoice...

  11. 19 CFR 147.11 - Entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... as follows: Entry for Exhibition Entry No. ______ Entry at the port of of articles consigned or... exhibition purposes under the Trade Fair Act of 1959. Mark Number Package and contents Quality Invoice...

  12. 19 CFR 147.11 - Entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... as follows: Entry for Exhibition Entry No. ______ Entry at the port of of articles consigned or... exhibition purposes under the Trade Fair Act of 1959. Mark Number Package and contents Quality Invoice...

  13. 19 CFR 122.42 - Aircraft entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic Manifest Requirements for Passengers, Crew Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within, and Overflying the United States § 122.42 Aircraft entry....

  14. 19 CFR 122.42 - Aircraft entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic Manifest Requirements for Passengers, Crew Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within, and Overflying the United States § 122.42 Aircraft entry....

  15. 19 CFR 122.42 - Aircraft entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic Manifest Requirements for Passengers, Crew Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within, and Overflying the United States § 122.42 Aircraft entry....

  16. 19 CFR 122.42 - Aircraft entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic Manifest Requirements for Passengers, Crew Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within, and Overflying the United States § 122.42 Aircraft entry....

  17. 19 CFR 122.42 - Aircraft entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic Manifest Requirements for Passengers, Crew Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing Within, and Overflying the United States § 122.42 Aircraft entry....

  18. 32 CFR 770.18 - Entry restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, Silverdale, Washington § 770.18 Entry...the performance of their official duties, entry upon Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, or remaining thereon by any person...

  19. 32 CFR 770.18 - Entry restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, Silverdale, Washington § 770.18 Entry...the performance of their official duties, entry upon Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, or remaining thereon by any person...

  20. 32 CFR 770.18 - Entry restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, Silverdale, Washington § 770.18 Entry...the performance of their official duties, entry upon Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, or remaining thereon by any person...

  1. 32 CFR 770.18 - Entry restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, Silverdale, Washington § 770.18 Entry...the performance of their official duties, entry upon Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, or remaining thereon by any person...

  2. 32 CFR 770.18 - Entry restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, Silverdale, Washington § 770.18 Entry...the performance of their official duties, entry upon Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, or remaining thereon by any person...

  3. 19 CFR 10.31 - Entry; bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE...entry of importations by mail, in baggage, or by other...resident. (g) Claim for free entry under Chapter 98...articles covered by an informal mail entry, such a claim...

  4. 19 CFR 10.31 - Entry; bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE...entry of importations by mail, in baggage, or by other...resident. (g) Claim for free entry under Chapter 98...articles covered by an informal mail entry, such a claim...

  5. 19 CFR 10.31 - Entry; bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE...entry of importations by mail, in baggage, or by other...resident. (g) Claim for free entry under Chapter 98...articles covered by an informal mail entry, such a claim...

  6. 19 CFR 10.31 - Entry; bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE...entry of importations by mail, in baggage, or by other...resident. (g) Claim for free entry under Chapter 98...articles covered by an informal mail entry, such a claim...

  7. 19 CFR 10.31 - Entry; bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE...entry of importations by mail, in baggage, or by other...resident. (g) Claim for free entry under Chapter 98...articles covered by an informal mail entry, such a claim...

  8. The HIV entry inhibitors revisited.

    PubMed

    Leonard, J Thomas; Roy, Kunal

    2006-01-01

    The new generation of antiviral drugs intended to counter HIV-1 entry into susceptible cells is emerging swiftly. The antiviral agents that inhibit HIV entry to the target cells (denoted as HIV entry inhibitors) are already in different phases of clinical trials. Operating early in the viral life cycle, they prevent viral entry, and have a novel, highly specific mechanism of action with a low toxicity profile. Entry inhibitors have different toxicity and resistance profiles than the existing reverse transcriptase and protease inhibitors. Some of these compounds demonstrated in vitro synergism with other classes of antivirals, thus offering the rationale for their combination in therapies for HIV-infected individuals. It is worth focusing on recent developments in HIV entry inhibitors, as most of the current drug regimens suffer from the events of developing resistance against existing combination therapies. Recent advances in the understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of HIV-1 entry provide the basis for novel therapeutic strategies that prevent viral penetration of the target cell-membrane, while reducing detrimental virus and treatment effects on cells and prolonging virion exposure to immune defenses. A number of potential sites for therapeutic intervention become accessible during the narrow window between virus attachment and the subsequent fusion of viral envelope with the cell membrane. The HIV-1 coreceptors are particularly attractive from the perspective of identifying new antiviral compounds, since they are seven-transmembrane motif G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), a family of proteins that is a well-validated target for drug development. Among the many chemokine receptors that can mediate HIV-1 entry in vitro, only CCR5 and CXCR4 are of frontline pharmacological importance. In particular, CCR5 is essential for viral transmission and replication during the early and clinically latent phase of disease. Several small-molecule antagonists of CCR5 and CXCR4 that block chemokine binding and HIV-1 entry have been identified in recent years. Considerable advances have been made in the last years in the design of derivatives acting as inhibitors of HIV entry. The molecular mechanism involved in viral entry, the structural and functional aspects of entry inhibitors are reviewed here. We have also summarized the recent insights into how small-molecule antagonists interact with CCR5 and CXCR4, focusing on drug development programs that are well documented in the scientific literature. An overview of the entry inhibitors that are in preclinical or early clinical development, and the Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships (QSAR) studies reported for the coreceptor antagonists are also be presented. PMID:16611075

  9. Online Advertising

    E-print Network

    Goldfarb, Avi

    This chapter explores what makes online advertising different from traditional advertising channels. We argue that online advertising differs from traditional advertising channels in two important ways: measurability and ...

  10. GOCE Re-Entry Campaign

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bastida, B.; Flohrer, T.; Lemmens, S.; Krag, H.

    2015-03-01

    Every year ESA, through the Space Debris Office, participates to an Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC) Re-entry Test Campaign.. For the campaign of 2013, ESA’s proposal to select GOCE's re-entry was accepted. The campaign opened on the 21st October 2013 after fuel depletion of the drag-compensating ion propulsion. GOCE was expected to enter into a phase of attitude-controlled fine-pointing mode (FPM) until the attitude controllers would be unable to cope with the atmospheric torques and then the satellite would enter in a phase of fully uncontrolled flight. In this paper, we present the evolution of ESA’s daily predictions on the re-entry epoch using different sources of orbital information. The uncertainties on the spacecraft operability (i.e. the physical limits of the attitude controller) led to a non-standard re-entry scenario were different attitudes had to be considered (instead of the commonly assumed random tumbling mode case that is used whenever no information on the physical properties of a re-entering object is available). A daily assessment of the status, in coordination with the flight control team, was required and implied a continuous update on the predicted failure point of the attitude controller. This in turn imposed the need for considering an asymmetric re-entry window. These operation-bound uncertainties were simulated to predict the attitude evolution after failure at different altitudes and their effects evaluated to be taken into account for the re-entry predictions. We present ESA’s re-entry prediction activities for GOCE, internally, and within the IADC, and address specific technical aspects and challenges for re-entry predictions, which are related to the expected and occurred attitude of GOCE during the final re-entry phase.

  11. "Picture Chester" Entry Form Entry Deadline February 29, 2016

    E-print Network

    Malloy, Brian

    colored pencils, watercolors, markers, acrylic paints, or digital imaging to create their designs/artwork keeping in mind that the final design will be a painted mural. · Entries must be completed in a vertical

  12. 27. View of entry door to vestibule to MWOC entry ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    27. View of entry door to vestibule to MWOC entry door in transmitter building no. 102 (note coded key pad to left and intercom phone on left) and door to the central systems monitor room (CSMR) to right (out of sight). - Clear Air Force Station, Ballistic Missile Early Warning System Site II, One mile west of mile marker 293.5 on Parks Highway, 5 miles southwest of Anderson, Anderson, Denali Borough, AK

  13. Entry, Descent, Landing Animation (Animation)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Click on the image for Entry, Descent, Landing animation

    This animation illustrates the path the Stardust return capsule will follow once it enters Earth's atmosphere.

  14. Orion Entry Handling Qualities Assessments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bihari, B.; Tiggers, M.; Strahan, A.; Gonzalez, R.; Sullivan, K.; Stephens, J. P.; Hart, J.; Law, H., III; Bilimoria, K.; Bailey, R.

    2011-01-01

    The Orion Command Module (CM) is a capsule designed to bring crew back from the International Space Station (ISS), the moon and beyond. The atmospheric entry portion of the flight is deigned to be flown in autopilot mode for nominal situations. However, there exists the possibility for the crew to take over manual control in off-nominal situations. In these instances, the spacecraft must meet specific handling qualities criteria. To address these criteria two separate assessments of the Orion CM s entry Handling Qualities (HQ) were conducted at NASA s Johnson Space Center (JSC) using the Cooper-Harper scale (Cooper & Harper, 1969). These assessments were conducted in the summers of 2008 and 2010 using the Advanced NASA Technology Architecture for Exploration Studies (ANTARES) six degree of freedom, high fidelity Guidance, Navigation, and Control (GN&C) simulation. This paper will address the specifics of the handling qualities criteria, the vehicle configuration, the scenarios flown, the simulation background and setup, crew interfaces and displays, piloting techniques, ratings and crew comments, pre- and post-fight briefings, lessons learned and changes made to improve the overall system performance. The data collection tools, methods, data reduction and output reports will also be discussed. The objective of the 2008 entry HQ assessment was to evaluate the handling qualities of the CM during a lunar skip return. A lunar skip entry case was selected because it was considered the most demanding of all bank control scenarios. Even though skip entry is not planned to be flown manually, it was hypothesized that if a pilot could fly the harder skip entry case, then they could also fly a simpler loads managed or ballistic (constant bank rate command) entry scenario. In addition, with the evaluation set-up of multiple tasks within the entry case, handling qualities ratings collected in the evaluation could be used to assess other scenarios such as the constant bank angle maintenance case. The 2008 entry assessment was divided into two sections (see Figure 1). Entry I was the first, high speed portion of a lunar return and Entry II was the second, lower speed portion of a lunar return, which is similar (but not identical) to a typical ISS return.

  15. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-print Network

    Safran, Rebecca

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier. (2010) Barn Swallows: Sexual and Social Behavior. In: Breed M.D. and Moore J., (eds.) Encyclopedia of physiology and reproductive biology. Much of the detail of this research is covered in one of two academic

  16. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-print Network

    Shuker, David

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier. and Shuker D.M. (2010) Nasonia Wasp Behavior Genetics. In: Breed M.D. and Moore J., (eds.) Encyclopedia density of the host species they parasitize and may act as biological control agents. Also known as `jewel

  17. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-print Network

    Crews, David

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier. (2010) Neural Control of Sexual Behavior. In: Breed M.D. and Moore J., (eds.) Encyclopedia of Animal the sexes, there definitely is a shift in direction. In both psychology and biology, it is commonplace

  18. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-print Network

    Angeloni, Lisa

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier J., (eds.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, volume 1, pp. 377-381 Oxford: Academic Press. © 2010, the disciplines of animal behavior and conser- vation biology are well-established, thriving fields of sci

  19. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-print Network

    Burnstock, Geoffrey

    (2009) Purines and Purinoceptors: Molecular Biology Overview. In: Squire LR (ed.) EncyclopediaThis article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience published by Elsevier of Neuroscience, volume 7, pp. 1253-1262. Oxford: Academic Press. #12;Purines and Purinoceptors: Molecular Biology

  20. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-print Network

    Duffy, J. Emmett

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier.E. (2010) Crustacean Social Evolution. In: Breed M.D. and Moore J., (eds.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior. A Primer in Crustacean Biology Recent research in molecular systematics shows that the Crustacea

  1. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-print Network

    Ryan, Michael J.

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, volume 3, pp. 453-461 Oxford: Academic Press. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights systems in biology usually refer to species or groups of species ideally suited to address certain

  2. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Microbiology published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the author's benefit and for the

    E-print Network

    Riley, Margaret

    . Bacteriocins, Biology, Ecology, and Evolution. Encyclopedia of Microbiology. (Moselio Schaechter, Editor), ppThis article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Microbiology published by Elsevier. 32-44 Oxford: Elsevier. #12;Author's personal copy Bacteriocins, Biology, Ecology, and Evolution M

  3. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-print Network

    Pinter-Wollman, Noa

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, volume 3, pp. 33-40 Oxford: Academic Press. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights between animal behavior and conservation biology. Habitat conservation and restoration efforts

  4. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Inland Waters published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-print Network

    Gido, Keith B.

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Inland Waters published by Elsevier and Hargrave C W. (2009) Fish, Productivity. In: Gene E. Likens, (Editor) Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. volume in this emerging field in the 1960s, in association with the International Biological Program, which focused

  5. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Virology, Volumes 15 published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for

    E-print Network

    Baker, Timothy S.

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Virology, Volumes 1­5 published, Ochoa W F, Baker T S and Nibert M L. Partitiviruses: General Features. Encyclopedia of Virology, 5 vols of the genome of a partitivirus from the basidiomycete Rhizoctonia solani. Journal of General Virology 81: 549

  6. 78 FR 50335 - Sale and Issue of Marketable Book-Entry Treasury Bills, Notes, and Bonds

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Fiscal Service 31 CFR Part 356 Sale and Issue of Marketable Book-Entry Treasury Bills, Notes, and Bonds Correction In rule document 2013-18178 appearing on pages 46426-46445 in the issue of July 31, 2013, make...

  7. 78 FR 52857 - Sale and Issue of Marketable Book-Entry Treasury Bills, Notes, and Bonds

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Fiscal Service 31 CFR Part 356 Sale and Issue of Marketable Book-Entry Treasury Bills, Notes, and Bonds Correction In rule document C1-2013-18178 appearing on page 50335 in the issue of August 19, 2013, make...

  8. 77 FR 70141 - Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments Pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials Importation Act of 1966 (Pub. L. 89-651, as amended by Pub. L. 106-36; 80...

  9. 75 FR 57738 - Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments Pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials Importation Act of 1966 (Pub. L. 89-651, as amended by Pub. L. 106-36; 80...

  10. 75 FR 37384 - Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments Pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials Importation Act of 1966 (Pub. L. 89-651, as amended by Pub. L. 106-36; 80...

  11. 76 FR 29725 - Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments Pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials Importation Act of 1966 (Pub. L. 89-651, as amended by Pub. L. 106-36; 80...

  12. 75 FR 3895 - Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments Pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials Importation Act of 1966 (Pub. L....

  13. Job Lists for Entry-Level Psychology Baccalaureates: Occupational Recommendations that Mismatch Qualifications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rajecki, D. W.

    2008-01-01

    Print and online resources provide lists of job titles they purport as suitable entry-level occupations for psychology baccalaureates. However, when considering current Bureau of Labor Statistics information, many of the recommended job types (e.g., child care worker, residential advisor, statistical assistant) do not require a bachelor's degree,…

  14. 75 FR 46912 - Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments Pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials Importation Act of 1966 (Pub. L. 89-651, as amended by Pub. L. 106-36; 80...

  15. 75 FR 42377 - Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments Pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials Importation Act of 1966 (Pub. L. 89-651, as amended by Pub. L. 106-36; 80...

  16. 77 FR 25960 - Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments Pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials Importation Act of 1966 (Pub. L. 89-651, as amended by Pub. L. 106-36; 80...

  17. 78 FR 37206 - Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments Pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials Importation Act of 1966 (Pub. L. 89-651, as amended by Pub. L. 106-36; 80...

  18. Employer Perceptions of the Academic Preparation of Entry-Level Certified Athletic Trainers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massie, J. Brett; Strang, Adam J.; Ward, Rose Marie

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To determine employers' (clinic based ATs) perceived satisfaction of the academic preparation of entry-level ATs, and to identify perceived inadequacies of the (ATEP) curriculum. Design and Setting: Athletic trainers employed in clinical setting completed an online survey instrument. Subjects: One-hundred-four ATs serving in the NATA…

  19. 76 FR 74045 - Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Application(s) for Duty-Free Entry of Scientific Instruments Pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials Importation Act of 1966 (Pub. L. 89-651, as amended by Pub. L. 106-36; 80...

  20. Reconstruction of the Genesis Entry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desai, Prasun N.; Qualls, Garry D.; Schoenenberger, Mark

    2007-01-01

    An overview of the reconstruction analyses performed for the Genesis capsule entry is described. The results indicate that the actual entry prior to the drogue deployment failure was very close to the pre-entry predictions. The capsule landed 8.3 km south of the desired target at Utah Test and Training Range. Analysis on infrared video footage (obtained from the tracking stations) during the descent estimated the onset of the capsule tumble at Mach 0.9. Frequency analysis on the infrared video data indicates that the aerodynamics generated for the Genesis capsule reasonably predicted the drag and static stability. Observations of the heatshield support the pre-entry simulation estimates of a small hypersonic angles-of-attack, since there is very little, if any, charring of the shoulder region or the aftbody. Through this investigation, an overall assertion can be made that all the data gathered from the Genesis entry is consistent with flight performance that was close to the nominal preentry prediction. Consequently, the design principles and methodologies utilized for the flight dynamics, aerodynamics, and aerothermodynamics analyses have been corroborated.

  1. Mars Science Laboratory Entry Guidance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mendeck, Gavin F.

    2011-01-01

    The Mars Science Laboratory will be the first Mars mission to attempt a guided entry with the objective of safely delivering the entry vehicle to a survivable parachute deploy state within 12.5 km of the pre-designated parachute deploy coordinates. The Entry Terminal Point Controller guidance algorithm is derived from the final phase Apollo Command Module guidance and, like Apollo, modulates the bank angle to control range based on deviations in range, altitude rate, and drag acceleration from a reference trajectory. For application to Mars landers which must make use of the tenuous Martian atmosphere, it is critical to balance the lift of the vehicle to minimize the range while still ensuring a safe deploy altitude. An overview of the process to generate optimized guidance settings is presented, discussing improvements made over the last nine years. Performance tradeoffs between ellipse size and deploy altitude will be presented, along with imposed constraints of entry acceleration and heating. Performance sensitivities to the bank reversal deadbands, heading alignment, attitude initialization error, and entry delivery errors are presented.

  2. The Mysterious Case of the Detective as Child Hero: Sherlock Holmes, Encyclopedia Brown and Nancy Drew as Role Models?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sugarman, Sally

    In the mystery genre, the one characteristic that the enduring figures of Sherlock Holmes, Nancy Drew, and Encyclopedia Brown have in common is a rational mind. The source of their strength is their ability to think and think well. A study examined some typical examples of the mystery genre in young adult literature and surveyed children and…

  3. To appear in `The Encyclopedia of Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare' edited by D.Mills CABI Publishing .

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    1 To appear in `The Encyclopedia of Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare' edited by D.Mills CABI is a canary', our further ability to denote the canary as (also) a bird reflects hierarchical principles which. This disparity between Thorndike's and Kohler's characterisations of animal intelligence provoked the philosopher

  4. Proteopedia: A status report on the collaborative, 3D web-encyclopedia of proteins and other biomolecules

    E-print Network

    Sussman, Joel L.

    Proteopedia: A status report on the collaborative, 3D web-encyclopedia of proteins and other Unit, Biological Services Unit, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel b Computer Science Structural Proteomics Center, Biological Chemistry Faculty, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100

  5. Roland Gouvenain. Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy. J. Callicott and Robert Frodeman. (2009) Vol. 1. p436-

    E-print Network

    de Gouvenain, Roland

    2009-01-01

    ° north or south latitude. There are two major types of tropical and subtropical forests: Deciduous1 Forests Roland Gouvenain. Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy. J. Callicott and Robert Frodeman. (2009) Vol. 1. p436- 441. Forests are ecosystems dominated by trees; the technical

  6. Characterization of Viral Entry Inhibitors 

    E-print Network

    Chamoun Emanuelli, Ana M

    2014-08-06

    family, widely used as antipsychotic drugs. Phenothiazines were shown to suppress HCV entry by intercalating into cholesterol-rich membrane domains of target cells thus reducing viral-host fusion. The second candidates studied are two members of the H1...

  7. Numerical Skip-Entry Guidance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tigges, Michael; Crull, Timothy; Rea, Jeremy; Johnson, Wyatt

    2006-01-01

    This paper assesses a preliminary guidance and targeting strategy for accomplishing Skip-Entry (SE) flight during a lunar return-capsule entry flight. One of the primary benefits of flying a SE trajectory is to provide the crew with continuous Continental United States (CONUS) landing site access throughout the lunar month. Without a SE capability, the capsule must land either in water or at one of several distributed land sites in the Southern Hemisphere for a significant portion of a lunar month using a landing and recovery scenario similar to that employed during the Apollo program. With a SE trajectory, the capsule can land either in water at a site in proximity to CONUS or at one of several distributed landing sites within CONUS, thereby simplifying the operational requirements for crew retrieval and vehicle recovery, and possibly enabling a high degree of vehicle reusability. Note that a SE capability does not require that the vehicle land on land. A SE capability enables a longer-range flight than a direct-entry flight, which permits the vehicle to land at a much greater distance from the Entry Interface (EI) point. This does not exclude using this approach to push the landing point to a water location in proximity of CONUS and utilizing water or airborne recovery forces.

  8. Poxvirus entry and membrane fusion

    SciTech Connect

    Moss, Bernard . E-mail: bmoss@nih.gov

    2006-01-05

    The study of poxvirus entry and membrane fusion has been invigorated by new biochemical and microscopic findings that lead to the following conclusions: (1) the surface of the mature virion (MV), whether isolated from an infected cell or by disruption of the membrane wrapper of an extracellular virion, is comprised of a single lipid membrane embedded with non-glycosylated viral proteins; (2) the MV membrane fuses with the cell membrane, allowing the core to enter the cytoplasm and initiate gene expression; (3) fusion is mediated by a newly recognized group of viral protein components of the MV membrane, which are conserved in all members of the poxvirus family; (4) the latter MV entry/fusion proteins are required for cell to cell spread necessitating the disruption of the membrane wrapper of extracellular virions prior to fusion; and furthermore (5) the same group of MV entry/fusion proteins are required for virus-induced cell-cell fusion. Future research priorities include delineation of the roles of individual entry/fusion proteins and identification of cell receptors.

  9. CALL FOR POSTERS & AWARD ENTRIES

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    CALL FOR POSTERS & AWARD ENTRIES in AGING or LIFE COURSE STUDIES The annual Colloquium on Aging in positive aging, and includes UW & guest speakers, a Health & Resource Fair, and a Poster Session. POSTER SESSION We invite faculty, staff, students, postdocs, and others from UW-Madison to submit a poster

  10. 32 CFR 770.39 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ACCESS TO PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Entry Regulations for Naval Installations and Property in Puerto Rico... entry upon any U.S. Naval installation or property in Puerto Rico from the Commanding Officer of...

  11. 32 CFR 770.38 - Entry restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... in Puerto Rico § 770.38 Entry restrictions. Except for duly authorized military personnel and... duties, entry upon any U.S. Navy installation or property in Puerto Rico at anytime, by any person...

  12. 32 CFR 770.38 - Entry restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... in Puerto Rico § 770.38 Entry restrictions. Except for duly authorized military personnel and... duties, entry upon any U.S. Navy installation or property in Puerto Rico at anytime, by any person...

  13. 32 CFR 770.39 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ACCESS TO PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Entry Regulations for Naval Installations and Property in Puerto Rico... entry upon any U.S. Naval installation or property in Puerto Rico from the Commanding Officer of...

  14. 32 CFR 770.44 - Entry restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton, Connecticut...their official duties, entry upon Naval Submarine Base New London, or remaining thereon...consent of the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, or his authorized...

  15. 32 CFR 770.19 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, Silverdale, Washington § 770.19 Entry...writing, submit a request to the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, 1100 Hunley Road, Silverdale, WA...

  16. 32 CFR 770.19 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, Silverdale, Washington § 770.19 Entry...writing, submit a request to the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, 1100 Hunley Road, Silverdale, WA...

  17. 32 CFR 770.44 - Entry restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton, Connecticut...their official duties, entry upon Naval Submarine Base New London, or remaining thereon...consent of the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, or his authorized...

  18. 32 CFR 770.19 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, Silverdale, Washington § 770.19 Entry...writing, submit a request to the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, 1100 Hunley Road, Silverdale, WA...

  19. 32 CFR 770.19 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, Silverdale, Washington § 770.19 Entry...writing, submit a request to the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, 1100 Hunley Road, Silverdale, WA...

  20. 32 CFR 770.44 - Entry restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton, Connecticut...their official duties, entry upon Naval Submarine Base New London, or remaining thereon...consent of the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, or his authorized...

  1. 32 CFR 770.19 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, Silverdale, Washington § 770.19 Entry...writing, submit a request to the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base, Bangor, 1100 Hunley Road, Silverdale, WA...

  2. 32 CFR 770.44 - Entry restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton, Connecticut...their official duties, entry upon Naval Submarine Base New London, or remaining thereon...consent of the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, or his authorized...

  3. 32 CFR 770.44 - Entry restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton, Connecticut...their official duties, entry upon Naval Submarine Base New London, or remaining thereon...consent of the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, or his authorized...

  4. 19 CFR 159.7 - Rewarehouse entries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Rewarehouse entries. 159.7 Section 159.7 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) LIQUIDATION OF DUTIES General Provisions § 159.7 Rewarehouse entries. The liquidation of the original warehouse entry shall be...

  5. 19 CFR 159.7 - Rewarehouse entries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Rewarehouse entries. 159.7 Section 159.7 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) LIQUIDATION OF DUTIES General Provisions § 159.7 Rewarehouse entries. The liquidation of the original warehouse entry shall be...

  6. 19 CFR 122.42 - Aircraft entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Aircraft entry. 122.42 Section 122.42 Customs... AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic Manifest Requirements for Passengers, Crew Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing...

  7. 19 CFR 122.42 - Aircraft entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Aircraft entry. 122.42 Section 122.42 Customs... AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic Manifest Requirements for Passengers, Crew Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing...

  8. 19 CFR 122.42 - Aircraft entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Aircraft entry. 122.42 Section 122.42 Customs... AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic Manifest Requirements for Passengers, Crew Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing...

  9. 19 CFR 122.42 - Aircraft entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Aircraft entry. 122.42 Section 122.42 Customs... AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic Manifest Requirements for Passengers, Crew Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing...

  10. 19 CFR 122.42 - Aircraft entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Aircraft entry. 122.42 Section 122.42 Customs... AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Aircraft Entry and Entry Documents; Electronic Manifest Requirements for Passengers, Crew Members, and Non-Crew Members Onboard Commercial Aircraft Arriving In, Continuing...

  11. 10 CFR 1048.3 - Unauthorized entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Unauthorized entry. 1048.3 Section 1048.3 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) TRESPASSING ON STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE FACILITIES AND OTHER PROPERTY § 1048.3 Unauthorized entry. Unauthorized entry into or upon an SPR facility or real...

  12. 10 CFR 1048.3 - Unauthorized entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Unauthorized entry. 1048.3 Section 1048.3 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) TRESPASSING ON STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE FACILITIES AND OTHER PROPERTY § 1048.3 Unauthorized entry. Unauthorized entry into or upon an SPR facility or real...

  13. 32 CFR 763.5 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Entry procedures. 763.5 Section 763.5 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY ISLANDS UNDER NAVY JURISDICTION RULES GOVERNING PUBLIC ACCESS Entry Regulations for Kaho'olawe Island, Hawaii § 763.5 Entry procedures. (a) It is the policy of the Commander Naval...

  14. 32 CFR 763.5 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Entry procedures. 763.5 Section 763.5 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY ISLANDS UNDER NAVY JURISDICTION RULES GOVERNING PUBLIC ACCESS Entry Regulations for Kaho'olawe Island, Hawaii § 763.5 Entry procedures. (a) It is the policy of the Commander Naval...

  15. 19 CFR 143.16 - Substitution of warehouse entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false Substitution of warehouse entry. 143.16 Section 143.16...Entry § 143.16 Substitution of warehouse entry. The importer may substitute an entry for warehouse at any time within 1 year from the...

  16. 19 CFR 143.16 - Substitution of warehouse entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Substitution of warehouse entry. 143.16 Section 143.16...Entry § 143.16 Substitution of warehouse entry. The importer may substitute an entry for warehouse at any time within 1 year from the...

  17. 50 CFR 91.22 - Display of contest entries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...CONSERVATION STAMP CONTEST Procedures for Administering the Contest § 91.22 Display of contest entries. The Federal Duck Stamp Office assigns all eligible entries a number as entries are received. That office displays the entries in numerical...

  18. 50 CFR 91.22 - Display of contest entries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...CONSERVATION STAMP CONTEST Procedures for Administering the Contest § 91.22 Display of contest entries. The Federal Duck Stamp Office assigns all eligible entries a number as entries are received. That office displays the entries in numerical...

  19. 50 CFR 91.22 - Display of contest entries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...CONSERVATION STAMP CONTEST Procedures for Administering the Contest § 91.22 Display of contest entries. The Federal Duck Stamp Office assigns all eligible entries a number as entries are received. That office displays the entries in numerical...

  20. 19 CFR 132.14 - Special permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for consumption; permits of delivery. 132...permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for consumption; permits of delivery....

  1. 19 CFR 132.14 - Special permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for consumption; permits of delivery. 132...permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for consumption; permits of delivery....

  2. 19 CFR 132.14 - Special permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for consumption; permits of delivery. 132...permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for consumption; permits of delivery....

  3. 19 CFR 132.14 - Special permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for consumption; permits of delivery. 132...permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for consumption; permits of delivery....

  4. 19 CFR 132.14 - Special permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for consumption; permits of delivery. 132...permits for immediate delivery; entry of merchandise before presenting entry summary for consumption; permits of delivery....

  5. Flavivirus Entry Receptors: An Update

    PubMed Central

    Perera-Lecoin, Manuel; Meertens, Laurent; Carnec, Xavier; Amara, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Flaviviruses enter host cells by endocytosis initiated when the virus particles interact with cell surface receptors. The current model suggests that flaviviruses use at least two different sets of molecules for infectious entry: attachment factors that concentrate and/or recruit viruses on the cell surface and primary receptor(s) that bind to virions and direct them to the endocytic pathway. Here, we present the currently available knowledge regarding the flavivirus receptors described so far with specific attention to C-type lectin receptors and the phosphatidylserine receptors, T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain (TIM) and TYRO3, AXL and MER (TAM). Their role in flavivirus attachment and entry as well as their implication in the virus biology will be discussed in depth. PMID:24381034

  6. Encyclopedia of Mathematical Physics (J.P. Francoise, G. Naber, and S.T. Tsou, eds.) Vol. 4, pp. 353371. Elsevier, Oxford, 2006.

    E-print Network

    Bogachev, Leonid V.

    Encyclopedia of Mathematical Physics (J.P. Francoise, G. Naber, and S.T. Tsou, eds.) Vol. 4, pp in biology, crystallog- raphy and metal physics, but later applications have spread through numerous areas

  7. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Inland Waters published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-print Network

    . (2009) Gastrotricha. In: Gene E. Likens, (Editor) Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. volume 2, pp. 317-322 Oxford: Elsevier. #12;Gastrotricha D L Strayer, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY, USA ã

  8. Building Large Collections of Chinese and English Medical Terms from Semi-Structured and Encyclopedia Websites

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Yan; Wang, Yining; Sun, Jian-Tao; Zhang, Jianwen; Tsujii, Junichi; Chang, Eric

    2013-01-01

    To build large collections of medical terms from semi-structured information sources (e.g. tables, lists, etc.) and encyclopedia sites on the web. The terms are classified into the three semantic categories, Medical Problems, Medications, and Medical Tests, which were used in i2b2 challenge tasks. We developed two systems, one for Chinese and another for English terms. The two systems share the same methodology and use the same software with minimum language dependent parts. We produced large collections of terms by exploiting billions of semi-structured information sources and encyclopedia sites on the Web. The standard performance metric of recall (R) is extended to three different types of Recall to take the surface variability of terms into consideration. They are Surface Recall (), Object Recall (), and Surface Head recall (). We use two test sets for Chinese. For English, we use a collection of terms in the 2010 i2b2 text. Two collections of terms, one for English and the other for Chinese, have been created. The terms in these collections are classified as either of Medical Problems, Medications, or Medical Tests in the i2b2 challenge tasks. The English collection contains 49,249 (Problems), 89,591 (Medications) and 25,107 (Tests) terms, while the Chinese one contains 66,780 (Problems), 101,025 (Medications), and 15,032 (Tests) terms. The proposed method of constructing a large collection of medical terms is both efficient and effective, and, most of all, independent of language. The collections will be made publicly available. PMID:23874426

  9. Fragmentation and ablation during entry

    SciTech Connect

    Canavan, G.H.

    1997-09-01

    This note discusses objects that both fragment and ablate during entry, using the results of previous reports to describe the velocity, pressure, and fragmentation of entering objects. It shows that the mechanisms used there to describe the breakup of non-ablating objects during deceleration remain valid for most ablating objects. It treats coupled fragmentation and ablation during entry, building on earlier models that separately discuss the entry of objects that are hard, whose high heat of ablation permits little erosion, and those who are strong whose strength prevents fragmentation, which are discussed in ``Radiation from Hard Objects,`` ``Deceleration and Radiation of Strong, Hard, Asteroids During Atmospheric Impact,`` and ``Meteor Signature Interpretation.`` This note provides a more detailed treatment of the further breakup and separation of fragments during descent. It replaces the constraint on mass per unit area used earlier to determine the altitude and magnitude of peak power radiation with a detailed analytic solution of deceleration. Model predictions are shown to be in agreement with the key features of numerical calculations of deceleration. The model equations are solved for the altitudes of maximum radiation, which agree with numerical integrations. The model is inverted analytically to infer object size and speed from measurements of peak power and altitude to provide a complete model for the approximate inversion of meteor data.

  10. Saturn Science from Entry Probes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Atkinson, David H.; Coustenis, Athena; Lunine, Jonathan; Simon-Miller, Amy; Atreya, Sushil; Brinckerhoff, William; Colaprete, Anthony; Guillot, Tristan; Mahaffy, Paul; Reh, Kim; Spilker, Linda; Spilker, Tom; Webster, Chris

    2013-04-01

    Data from atmospheric entry probe missions at the giant planets could uniquely discriminate between competing theories of solar system formation and the origin and evolution of the giant planets and their atmospheres, providing for valuable comparative studies of giant planets as well as providing a laboratory for studying the atmospheric chemistries, dynamics, and interiors of all the planets including Earth. The giant planets also represent a valuable link to extrasolar planetary systems. For these reasons, a Saturn Probe mission with a shallow probe is ranked by the recent U.S. Planetary Science Decadal Survey as a high priority for a New Frontiers class mission. Atmospheric constituents needed to constrain theories of solar system formation and the origin and evolution of the giant planets could be accessed and sampled by shallow entry probes. Many important constituents are either spectrally inactive or are beneath an atmospheric overburden that is optically thick at useful wavelengths and are therefore not remotely accessible by flyby or orbiting spacecraft. A small, scientifically focused shallow entry probe mission could make critical abundance measurements of key constituents, and could measure profiles of atmospheric structure and dynamics at a vertical resolution that is significantly higher than could be achieved by remote sensing techniques. The Galileo mission began the detailed study of the solar system's two gas giants by dropping an entry probe into the atmosphere of Jupiter and deploying an orbiter around Jupiter. In 2016-2017 the Juno mission will make measurements of Jupiter's deep oxygen abundance, and gravitational and magnetic fields. In the same epoch, the Cassini orbiter is planned to pursue a set of Juno-like orbits to make comparable gravitational and magnetic field measurements of Saturn. A Saturn atmospheric entry probe would complete the quartet of missions needed for a comparative study of the two gas giants, leading to improved models of solar system formation. A highly focused entry probe mission at Saturn carrying a minimal science payload could address unique and critical science while fitting within existing program budget caps. Fundamental measurements include abundances of the noble gases He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe and, abundances of key isotopic ratios 4He/3He, D/H, 15N/14N, 18O/16O, and 13C/12C. Detection of disequilibrium species CO, PH3, AsH3, and GeH4 is diagnostic of deeper internal processes and dynamics of the atmosphere along the probe descent. Abundances of these key constituents, as well as carbon which does not condense at Saturn, sulfur which is expected to be well-mixed below the 4 to 5-bar ammonium hydrosulfide (NH4SH) cloud, and gradients of nitrogen below the NH4SH cloud and oxygen in the upper layers of the H2O and H2O-NH4 solution cloud, could be measured by an entry probe descending through 10 bars. In concert with the results from Galileo, Cassini, and Juno, a shallow Saturn probe capable of measuring abundances of key constituents not accessible by a remote sensing mission would provide critical measurements enabling a comparison of composition and dynamical processes on the giant planets while also providing an improved context for understanding exoplanets.

  11. Online Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Edward H.; Pilati, Michelle L.

    2011-01-01

    Distance education, which began as correspondence courses in the nineteenth century and grew into educational television during the twentieth century, evolved into learning on the Web by the mid-1990s. Accompanying the rise in online learning has been a similar rise in organizations and publications dedicated to serving the needs of online

  12. Online Pricing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garman, Nancy; And Others

    1990-01-01

    The first of four articles describes the move by the European Space Agency to eliminate connect time charges on its online retrieval system. The remaining articles describe the pricing structure of DIALOG, compare the two pricing schemes, and discuss online pricing from the user's point of view. (CLB)

  13. Viral entry mechanisms: the increasing diversity of paramyxovirus entry

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Everett Clinton; Popa, Andreea; Chang, Andres; Masante, Cyril; Dutch, Rebecca Ellis

    2009-01-01

    The paramyxovirus family contains established human pathogens such as measles virus and human respiratory syncytial virus, and emerging pathogens including the Hendra and Nipah viruses and the recently identified human metapneumovirus. Two major envelope glycoproteins, the attachment protein and the fusion protein, promote the processes of viral attachment and virus-cell membrane fusion required for entry. While common mechanisms of fusion protein proteolytic activation and the mechanism of membrane fusion promotion have been shown in recent years, considerable diversity exists in the family related to receptor binding and the potential mechanisms of fusion triggering. PMID:19878307

  14. Optimal firm growth under the threat of entry

    PubMed Central

    Kort, Peter M.; Wrzaczek, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    The paper studies the incumbent-entrant problem in a fully dynamic setting. We find that under an open-loop information structure the incumbent anticipates entry by overinvesting, whereas in the Markov perfect equilibrium the incumbent slightly underinvests in the period before the entry. The entry cost level where entry accommodation passes into entry deterrence is lower in the Markov perfect equilibrium. Further we find that the incumbent’s capital stock level needed to deter entry is hump shaped as a function of the entry time, whereas the corresponding entry cost, where the entrant is indifferent between entry and non-entry, is U-shaped. PMID:26435573

  15. ENTRY HARVARD [ENTRY HARVARD] Authors: Oliver Knill: 2000, Literature: no

    E-print Network

    Knill, Oliver

    River. To look up something specific, it is best to start online with the Harvard search page. #12;get people math department [number people math department] Currently, there are over 190 people at the Math losing their purpose. computer type [computer type] At the Mathematics department, people use all kind

  16. Atlas F entry aerothermic study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1972-01-01

    The feasibility of obtaining heat transfer data on an expended Atlas F booster launch vehicle was investigated in the altitude range of 300,000 to 200,000 feet during entry conditions, with a velocity in the range of 20,000 to 25,000 feet per second, and through a range of vehicle attitudes of plus or minus 90 degrees. These data are desired for correlation with turbulent heat transfer and boundary layer transition data obtained from wind tunnel test facilities. The data would also be valuable in assessing rarified gas and surface catalicity effects in a real gas environment.

  17. Automated entry control system for nuclear facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Ream, W.K.; Espinoza, J.

    1985-01-01

    An entry control system to automatically control access to nuclear facilities is described. The design uses a centrally located console, integrated into the regular security system, to monitor the computer-controlled passage into and out of sensitive areas. Four types of entry control points are used: an unmanned enclosed portal with metal and SNM detectors for contraband detection with positive personnel identification, a bypass portal for contraband search after a contraband alarm in a regular portal also with positive personnel identification, a single door entry point with positive personnel identification, and a single door entry point with only a magnetic card-type identification. Security force action is required only as a response to an alarm. The integration of the entry control function into the security system computer is also described. The interface between the entry control system and the monitoring security personnel utilizing a color graphics display with touch screen input is emphasized. 2 refs., 7 figs.

  18. 31 CFR 360.3 - Converting definitive savings bonds to book-entry bonds in New Treasury Direct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    Series I savings bonds that were originally issued as definitive bonds may be converted to book-entry bonds through New Treasury Direct, an online system for holding Treasury securities. The Web address for New Treasury Direct is www.treasurydirect.gov...

  19. Lipid interactions during virus entry and infection

    PubMed Central

    Mazzon, Michela; Mercer, Jason

    2014-01-01

    Summary For entry and infection viruses have developed numerous strategies to subjugate indispensable cellular factors and functions. Host cell lipids and cellular lipid synthesis machinery are no exception. Not only do viruses exploit existing lipid signalling and modifications for virus entry and trafficking, they also reprogram lipid synthesis, metabolism, and compartmentalization for assembly and egress. Here we review these various concepts and highlight recent progress in understanding viral interactions with host cell lipids during entry and assembly. PMID:25131438

  20. Online Exhibits & Concept Maps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Douma, M.

    2009-12-01

    Presenting the complexity of geosciences to the public via the Internet poses a number of challenges. For example, utilizing various - and sometimes redundant - Web 2.0 tools can quickly devour limited time. Do you tweet? Do you write press releases? Do you create an exhibit or concept map? The presentation will provide participants with a context for utilizing Web 2.0 tools by briefly highlighting methods of online scientific communication across several dimensions. It will address issues of: * breadth and depth (e.g. from narrow topics to well-rounded views), * presentation methods (e.g. from text to multimedia, from momentary to enduring), * sources and audiences (e.g. for experts or for the public, content developed by producers to that developed by users), * content display (e.g. from linear to non-linear, from instructive to entertaining), * barriers to entry (e.g. from an incumbent advantage to neophyte accessible, from amateur to professional), * cost and reach (e.g. from cheap to expensive), and * impact (e.g. the amount learned, from anonymity to brand awareness). Against this backdrop, the presentation will provide an overview of two methods of online information dissemination, exhibits and concept maps, using the WebExhibits online museum (www.webexhibits.org) and SpicyNodes information visualization tool (www.spicynodes.org) as examples, with tips on how geoscientists can use either to communicate their science. Richly interactive online exhibits can serve to engage a large audience, appeal to visitors with multiple learning styles, prompt exploration and discovery, and present a topic’s breadth and depth. WebExhibits, which was among the first online museums, delivers interactive information, virtual experiments, and hands-on activities to the public. While large, multidisciplinary exhibits on topics like “Color Vision and Art” or “Calendars Through the Ages” require teams of scholars, user interface experts, professional writers and editors, teachers, artists, and web designers, a smaller scale collaborative effort can result in an effective mini-exhibit. Online concept maps can present a large quantity of information in bite-size chunks, demonstrating interrelationships between pieces of information without inundating visitors. SpicyNodes uses radial mapping technology to enable visitors to learn about a topic or search for information in intuitive and organic ways. This online concept mapping tool can be used as a portal to invite exploration into topics, or as a means of displaying hierarchies of information. With nodes that contain text, audio, video, and links, interactive online concept maps especially engage visual, kinesthetic, and nonlinear learners. SpicyNodes is also useful for scientists who wish to complement papers, chapters, and books with an online interface that is especially appealing to nonlinear learners. Essentially, SpicyNodes shifts the burden of discovery from the reader to the author. For example, the author may create a nodemap on climate change with hundreds of nodes, but as visitors drill through the nodemap for information (e.g. from climate change to atmospheric gases to carbon dioxide), they see only a few nodes at a time and are not overwhelmed.

  1. ENTRY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE [ENTRY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE] Authors: Oliver Knill: March 2000 Literature: Peter Norvig,

    E-print Network

    Knill, Oliver

    ENTRY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE [ENTRY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE] Authors: Oliver Knill: March 2000 Literature: Peter Norvig, Paradigns of Artificial Intelligence Programming Daniel Juravsky and James Martin interface to a neural net simulator. artificial intelligence [artificial intelligence] (AI) is a field

  2. 19 CFR 10.112 - Filing free entry documents or reduced duty documents after entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Filing free entry documents or reduced duty documents...THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. General Provisions Late Filing of Free Entry and Reduced Duty Documents...

  3. 19 CFR 10.112 - Filing free entry documents or reduced duty documents after entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Filing free entry documents or reduced duty documents...THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. General Provisions Late Filing of Free Entry and Reduced Duty Documents...

  4. 19 CFR 10.112 - Filing free entry documents or reduced duty documents after entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Filing free entry documents or reduced duty documents...THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. General Provisions Late Filing of Free Entry and Reduced Duty Documents...

  5. 19 CFR 10.112 - Filing free entry documents or reduced duty documents after entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Filing free entry documents or reduced duty documents...THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. General Provisions Late Filing of Free Entry and Reduced Duty Documents...

  6. 19 CFR 10.112 - Filing free entry documents or reduced duty documents after entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Filing free entry documents or reduced duty documents...THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. General Provisions Late Filing of Free Entry and Reduced Duty Documents...

  7. On-Line Purchasing/Accounts Payable at the University of Michigan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Robert E.; Block, Roxana L.

    An integrated data base system providing online services to purchasing and accounts payable, which was implemented at the University of Michigan, is described. The system was designed to use online IMS transactions for data entry and inquiry and IMS batch reporting programs. With the implementation of the system, departmental and vendor inquiries…

  8. Digital Measures Allocation of Effort Entry 1 Digital Measures Allocation of Effort Guide for Data Entry

    E-print Network

    Hanley, Kathryn A.

    Digital Measures Allocation of Effort Entry 1 Digital Measures Allocation of Effort Guide for Data Entry Revised Feb 2014 Welcome to Digital Measures! These instructions outline data entry for the Digital Measures Workload Information screen where the Allocation of Effort form is located. If you have

  9. 19 CFR 143.35 - Procedure for electronic entry summary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedure for electronic entry summary. 143.35...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) SPECIAL ENTRY PROCEDURES Electronic Entry Filing § 143.35 Procedure for electronic entry summary. In order to obtain entry summary processing electronically, the...

  10. 19 CFR 144.11 - Form of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) WAREHOUSE AND REWAREHOUSE ENTRIES AND WITHDRAWALS Requirements and Procedures for Warehouse Entry... merchandise to be entered for warehouse, it shall serve as both the entry and the entry summary, and Customs... of this chapter. (b) Customs Form 7501. The entry summary for merchandise entered for warehouse...

  11. 19 CFR 144.12 - Contents of entry summary; estimated duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) WAREHOUSE AND REWAREHOUSE ENTRIES AND WITHDRAWALS Requirements and Procedures for Warehouse Entry § 144.12 Contents of entry summary; estimated duties. The entry...

  12. Orion Entry Display Feeder and Interactions with the Entry Monitor System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baird, Darren; Bernatovich, Mike; Gillespie, Ellen; Kadwa, Binaifer; Matthews, Dave; Penny, Wes; Zak, Tim; Grant, Mike; Bihari, Brian

    2010-01-01

    The Orion spacecraft is designed to return astronauts to a landing within 10 km of the intended landing target from low Earth orbit, lunar direct-entry, and lunar skip-entry trajectories. Al pile the landing is nominally controlled autonomously, the crew can fly precision entries manually in the event of an anomaly. The onboard entry displays will be used by the crew to monitor and manually fly the entry, descent, and landing, while the Entry Monitor System (EMS) will be used to monitor the health and status of the onboard guidance and the trajectory. The entry displays are driven by the entry display feeder, part of the Entry Monitor System (EMS). The entry re-targeting module, also part of the EMS, provides all the data required to generate the capability footprint of the vehicle at any point in the trajectory, which is shown on the Primary Flight Display (PFD). It also provides caution and warning data and recommends the safest possible re-designated landing site when the nominal landing site is no longer within the capability of the vehicle. The PFD and the EMS allow the crew to manually fly an entry trajectory profile from entry interface until parachute deploy having the flexibility to manually steer the vehicle to a selected landing site that best satisfies the priorities of the crew. The entry display feeder provides data from the ENIS and other components of the GNC flight software to the displays at the proper rate and in the proper units. It also performs calculations that are specific to the entry displays and which are not made in any other component of the flight software. In some instances, it performs calculations identical to those performed by the onboard primary guidance algorithm to protect against a guidance system failure. These functions and the interactions between the entry display feeder and the other components of the EMS are described.

  13. 27 CFR 27.184 - Entry documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Entry documents. 27.184 Section 27.184 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT... Distilled Spirits From Customs Custody Free of Tax for Use of the United States § 27.184 Entry...

  14. 27 CFR 27.184 - Entry documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Entry documents. 27.184 Section 27.184 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT... Distilled Spirits From Customs Custody Free of Tax for Use of the United States § 27.184 Entry...

  15. 19 CFR 10.31 - Entry; bond.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... for sale or sale on approval. (b) The port director, if he is satisfied as to the importer's identity... entry as to identity and quantity and for the purpose of accepting the entry under the applicable... intended for display or demonstration, if brought into the United States by a resident of Canada,...

  16. 46 CFR 147A.25 - Entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Entry. 147A.25 Section 147A.25 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) DANGEROUS CARGOES INTERIM REGULATIONS FOR SHIPBOARD FUMIGATION During Fumigation § 147A.25 Entry. (a) No person may enter the spaces that immediately adjoin the space that is fumigated during fumigation...

  17. Puhi-o-Kalaikini Western Entry

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    The small western entry point at Puhi-o-Kalaikini stopped this week, leaving just main entry point at the central tip of the delta. The delta is now 985 m (3230 ft) long and reaches up to about 170 m (560 ft) out into the ocean from the old sea cliff. It has a surface area of 28 acres....

  18. 32 CFR 245.27 - Data entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Data entry. 245.27 Section 245.27 National... Under ESCAT § 245.27 Data entry. Aircraft will file IFR or VFR flight plans, assigned a discrete... entered in the remarks section of the flight plan. The EATPL number will be passed with flight plan...

  19. Mars Pathfinder Atmosphere Entry Trajectory Design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spencer, David A.

    1995-01-01

    The Mars Pathfinder spacecraft will enter the Martian atmosphere directly from the interplanetary trajectory, at a relatively high velocity. The design of the nominal entry trajectory, and the accurate determination of potential trajectory dispersions, is necessary for the development of the Pathfinder Entry, Descent, and Landing (EDL) System.

  20. The Encyclopedia of Life v2: Providing Global Access to Knowledge About Life on Earth.

    PubMed

    Parr, Cynthia S; Wilson, Nathan; Leary, Patrick; Schulz, Katja S; Lans, Kristen; Walley, Lisa; Hammock, Jennifer A; Goddard, Anthony; Rice, Jeremy; Studer, Marie; Holmes, Jeffrey T G; Corrigan, Robert J

    2014-01-01

    The Encyclopedia of Life (EOL, http://eol.org) aims to provide unprecedented global access to a broad range of information about life on Earth. It currently contains 3.5 million distinct pages for taxa and provides content for 1.3 million of those pages. The content is primarily contributed by EOL content partners (providers) that have a more limited geographic, taxonomic or topical scope. EOL aggregates these data and automatically integrates them based on associated scientific names and other classification information. EOL also provides interfaces for curation and direct content addition. All materials in EOL are either in the public domain or licensed under a Creative Commons license. In addition to the web interface, EOL is also accessible through an Application Programming Interface. In this paper, we review recent developments added for Version 2 of the web site and subsequent releases through Version 2.2, which have made EOL more engaging, personal, accessible and internationalizable. We outline the core features and technical architecture of the system. We summarize milestones achieved so far by EOL to present results of the current system implementation and establish benchmarks upon which to judge future improvements. We have shown that it is possible to successfully integrate large amounts of descriptive biodiversity data from diverse sources into a robust, standards-based, dynamic, and scalable infrastructure. Increasing global participation and the emergence of EOL-powered applications demonstrate that EOL is becoming a significant resource for anyone interested in biological diversity. PMID:24891832

  1. The Encyclopedia of Life v2: Providing Global Access to Knowledge About Life on Earth

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The Encyclopedia of Life (EOL, http://eol.org) aims to provide unprecedented global access to a broad range of information about life on Earth. It currently contains 3.5 million distinct pages for taxa and provides content for 1.3 million of those pages. The content is primarily contributed by EOL content partners (providers) that have a more limited geographic, taxonomic or topical scope. EOL aggregates these data and automatically integrates them based on associated scientific names and other classification information. EOL also provides interfaces for curation and direct content addition. All materials in EOL are either in the public domain or licensed under a Creative Commons license. In addition to the web interface, EOL is also accessible through an Application Programming Interface. In this paper, we review recent developments added for Version 2 of the web site and subsequent releases through Version 2.2, which have made EOL more engaging, personal, accessible and internationalizable. We outline the core features and technical architecture of the system. We summarize milestones achieved so far by EOL to present results of the current system implementation and establish benchmarks upon which to judge future improvements. We have shown that it is possible to successfully integrate large amounts of descriptive biodiversity data from diverse sources into a robust, standards-based, dynamic, and scalable infrastructure. Increasing global participation and the emergence of EOL-powered applications demonstrate that EOL is becoming a significant resource for anyone interested in biological diversity. PMID:24891832

  2. The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia enables predictive modelling of anticancer drug sensitivity.

    PubMed

    Barretina, Jordi; Caponigro, Giordano; Stransky, Nicolas; Venkatesan, Kavitha; Margolin, Adam A; Kim, Sungjoon; Wilson, Christopher J; Lehár, Joseph; Kryukov, Gregory V; Sonkin, Dmitriy; Reddy, Anupama; Liu, Manway; Murray, Lauren; Berger, Michael F; Monahan, John E; Morais, Paula; Meltzer, Jodi; Korejwa, Adam; Jané-Valbuena, Judit; Mapa, Felipa A; Thibault, Joseph; Bric-Furlong, Eva; Raman, Pichai; Shipway, Aaron; Engels, Ingo H; Cheng, Jill; Yu, Guoying K; Yu, Jianjun; Aspesi, Peter; de Silva, Melanie; Jagtap, Kalpana; Jones, Michael D; Wang, Li; Hatton, Charles; Palescandolo, Emanuele; Gupta, Supriya; Mahan, Scott; Sougnez, Carrie; Onofrio, Robert C; Liefeld, Ted; MacConaill, Laura; Winckler, Wendy; Reich, Michael; Li, Nanxin; Mesirov, Jill P; Gabriel, Stacey B; Getz, Gad; Ardlie, Kristin; Chan, Vivien; Myer, Vic E; Weber, Barbara L; Porter, Jeff; Warmuth, Markus; Finan, Peter; Harris, Jennifer L; Meyerson, Matthew; Golub, Todd R; Morrissey, Michael P; Sellers, William R; Schlegel, Robert; Garraway, Levi A

    2012-03-29

    The systematic translation of cancer genomic data into knowledge of tumour biology and therapeutic possibilities remains challenging. Such efforts should be greatly aided by robust preclinical model systems that reflect the genomic diversity of human cancers and for which detailed genetic and pharmacological annotation is available. Here we describe the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE): a compilation of gene expression, chromosomal copy number and massively parallel sequencing data from 947 human cancer cell lines. When coupled with pharmacological profiles for 24 anticancer drugs across 479 of the cell lines, this collection allowed identification of genetic, lineage, and gene-expression-based predictors of drug sensitivity. In addition to known predictors, we found that plasma cell lineage correlated with sensitivity to IGF1 receptor inhibitors; AHR expression was associated with MEK inhibitor efficacy in NRAS-mutant lines; and SLFN11 expression predicted sensitivity to topoisomerase inhibitors. Together, our results indicate that large, annotated cell-line collections may help to enable preclinical stratification schemata for anticancer agents. The generation of genetic predictions of drug response in the preclinical setting and their incorporation into cancer clinical trial design could speed the emergence of 'personalized' therapeutic regimens. PMID:22460905

  3. Complex Networks in Different Languages: A Study of an Emergent Multilingual Encyclopedia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pembe, F. Canan; Bingol, Haluk

    There is an increasing interest to the study of complex networks in an interdisciplinary way. Language, as a complex network, has been a part of this study due to its importance in human life. Moreover, the Internet has also been at the center of this study by making access to large amounts of information possible. With these ideas in mind, this work aims to evaluate conceptual networks in different languages with the data from a large and open source of information in the Internet, namely Wikipedia. As an evolving multilingual encyclopedia that can be edited by any Internet user, Wikipedia is a good example of an emergent complex system. In this paper, different from previous work on conceptual networks which usually concentrated on single languages, we concentrate on possible ways to compare the usages of different languages and possibly the underlying cultures. This also involves the analysis of local network properties around certain coneepts in different languages. For an initial evaluation, the concept "family" is used to compare the English and German Wikipedias. Although, the work is currently at the beginning, the results are promising.

  4. A Flexible, Extensible Online Testing System for Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Passmore, Tim; Brookshaw, Leigh; Butler, Harry

    2011-01-01

    An online testing system developed for entry-skills testing of first-year university students in algebra and calculus is described. The system combines the open-source computer algebra system "Maxima" with computer scripts to parse student answers, which are entered using standard mathematical notation and conventions. The answers can involve…

  5. Managing References using EndNote online: Pharmacy & Pharmacology

    E-print Network

    Scheichl, Robert

    . In the catalogue search box, type in Web of Science 3. The open Web of Science database by clicking view online Task 1: Connect to Web of Science 1. Go to the Library website http://www.bath.ac.uk/library 2 under the record entry Task 2: Register with Web of Science 1. Click the Customize your experience

  6. Managing References using EndNote online: Chemistry

    E-print Network

    Scheichl, Robert

    search box, type in Web of Science 3. The open Web of Science database by clicking view online under: Connect to Web of Science 1. Go to the Library website http://www.bath.ac.uk/library 2. In the catalogue the record entry Task 2: Register with Web of Science 1. Click the Customize your experience

  7. Thermal Soak Analysis of Earth Entry Vehicles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Agrawal, Parul; Sepka, Steven A.; Aliaga, Jose F.; Venkatapathy, Ethiraj; Samareh, Jamshid A.

    2012-01-01

    The Multi-Mission Earth Entry Vehicle project is developing an integrated tool called Multi Mission System Analysis for Planetary Entry Descent and Landing that will provide key technology solutions including mass sizing, aerodynamics, aerothermodynamics, and thermal and structural analysis for any given sample return mission. Thermal soak analysis and temperature predictions of various components including the payload container of the entry vehicle are part of the solution that this tool will offer to mission designers. The present paper focuses on the thermal soak analysis of an entry vehicle design based on the Mars Sample Return entry vehicle geometry and discusses a technical approach to develop parametric models for thermal soak analysis that will be integrated into the tool.

  8. Infancy in America: An Encyclopedia. Volumes One and Two. The American Family.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling, Ed.; Fitzgerald, Hiram E., Ed.; Brophy-Herb, Holly E., Ed.

    This two-volume reference presents the latest findings on the mental, emotional, and physical life of the human infant. The entries present thorough and current assessments of infancy issues as well as brief definitions and descriptions of scientific, technological, and psychological terms. Coverage includes discussion of the critical issues,…

  9. 7 CFR 319.24-5 - Condition of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Corn Diseases Regulations Governing Entry of Indian Corn Or Maize § 319.24-5 Condition of entry. The corn shall not be removed from the port of entry, nor...

  10. 7 CFR 319.24-5 - Condition of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Corn Diseases Regulations Governing Entry of Indian Corn Or Maize § 319.24-5 Condition of entry. The corn shall not be removed from the port of entry, nor...

  11. 7 CFR 319.24-5 - Condition of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Corn Diseases Regulations Governing Entry of Indian Corn Or Maize § 319.24-5 Condition of entry. The corn shall not be removed from the port of entry, nor...

  12. 7 CFR 319.24-5 - Condition of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Corn Diseases Regulations Governing Entry of Indian Corn Or Maize § 319.24-5 Condition of entry. The corn shall not be removed from the port of entry, nor...

  13. 7 CFR 319.24-5 - Condition of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES Corn Diseases Regulations Governing Entry of Indian Corn Or Maize § 319.24-5 Condition of entry. The corn shall not be removed from the port of entry, nor...

  14. 30 CFR 75.326 - Mean entry air velocity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Mean entry air velocity. 75.326 Section 75.326 ...Ventilation § 75.326 Mean entry air velocity. In exhausting face ventilation systems, the mean entry air velocity shall be at least 60 feet...

  15. 30 CFR 75.326 - Mean entry air velocity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Mean entry air velocity. 75.326 Section 75.326 ...Ventilation § 75.326 Mean entry air velocity. In exhausting face ventilation systems, the mean entry air velocity shall be at least 60 feet...

  16. 30 CFR 75.326 - Mean entry air velocity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Mean entry air velocity. 75.326 Section 75.326 ...Ventilation § 75.326 Mean entry air velocity. In exhausting face ventilation systems, the mean entry air velocity shall be at least 60 feet...

  17. 30 CFR 75.326 - Mean entry air velocity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Mean entry air velocity. 75.326 Section 75.326 ...Ventilation § 75.326 Mean entry air velocity. In exhausting face ventilation systems, the mean entry air velocity shall be at least 60 feet...

  18. 30 CFR 75.326 - Mean entry air velocity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Mean entry air velocity. 75.326 Section 75.326 ...Ventilation § 75.326 Mean entry air velocity. In exhausting face ventilation systems, the mean entry air velocity shall be at least 60 feet...

  19. Predictor-Corrector Entry Guidance for Reusable Launch Vehicles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Youssef, Hussein; Chowdhry, Rajiv; Lee, Howard; Zimmerman, Curtis; Brandon, Larry (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    An online entry guidance algorithm has been developed using a predictor-corrector approach. The algorithm is designed for the Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) and is demonstrated by using, the X-33 model. The objective of the design is to handle widely dispersed entry conditions and deliver the vehicle at the Terminal Area Energy Management (TAEM) interface box within an acceptable tolerance and without violating any of the vehicle physical constraints. Combination of several control variables is used in testing the performance and computational requirement of the algorithm. The control variables are the bank angle, angle-of-attack and the time for roll reversal. The bank angle and angle-of-attack profiles are the nominal profiles plus the perturbations in each direction. The initial guess of the bank profile is a 45 degrees bank angle with reversal at 360 seconds from liftoff. A six-element state vector is propagated to the TAEM interface box through the integration of the equations of motion (EOM). Altitude, heading and range errors are computed between the desired and the achieved state at the TAEM interface. These errors are used to correct the initial guess of the control variables. This process is repeated until the errors meet an acceptable level at the TAEM interface. Several numerical optimization methods are used to evaluate the convergent property of the predictor-predictor methodology. Successful results are demonstrated using the X-33 model.

  20. Identifying missing dictionary entries with frequency-conserving context models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, Jake Ryland; Clark, Eric M.; Bagrow, James P.; Danforth, Christopher M.; Dodds, Peter Sheridan

    2015-10-01

    In an effort to better understand meaning from natural language texts, we explore methods aimed at organizing lexical objects into contexts. A number of these methods for organization fall into a family defined by word ordering. Unlike demographic or spatial partitions of data, these collocation models are of special importance for their universal applicability. While we are interested here in text and have framed our treatment appropriately, our work is potentially applicable to other areas of research (e.g., speech, genomics, and mobility patterns) where one has ordered categorical data (e.g., sounds, genes, and locations). Our approach focuses on the phrase (whether word or larger) as the primary meaning-bearing lexical unit and object of study. To do so, we employ our previously developed framework for generating word-conserving phrase-frequency data. Upon training our model with the Wiktionary, an extensive, online, collaborative, and open-source dictionary that contains over 100 000 phrasal definitions, we develop highly effective filters for the identification of meaningful, missing phrase entries. With our predictions we then engage the editorial community of the Wiktionary and propose short lists of potential missing entries for definition, developing a breakthrough, lexical extraction technique and expanding our knowledge of the defined English lexicon of phrases.

  1. To appear: New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Eds. L. Squire, T.Albright, F. Bloom, F.Gage, and N. Spitzer. Elsevier (2007). Neural network models of birdsong production, learning, and

    E-print Network

    Fiete, Ila

    2007-01-01

    To appear: New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Eds. L. Squire, T.Albright, F. Bloom, F.Gage, and N Barbara CA 93106 and Center for Neural Systems, Division of Biology, Pasadena CA 91125, 2 HHMI comparative studies of sophisticated motor sequencing and control. 1 #12;To appear: New Encyclopedia

  2. Wu, J. and J. L. Vankat. 1995. Island biogeography: theory and applications. In: W. A. Nierenberg (ed), Encyclopedia of Environmental Biology. Vol. 2. pp.371-379, Academic Press, San Diego.

    E-print Network

    Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

    (ed), Encyclopedia of Environmental Biology. Vol. 2. pp.371-379, Academic Press, San Diego. Island Biogeography: Theory and Applications Encyclopedia of Environmental Biology. Vol. 2. Page 372 distribution of the Theory of Island Biogeography VI. Concluding Remarks Glossary Bibliography Biological Sciences Center

  3. 9 CFR 93.806 - Animals refused entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Elephants, Hippopotami, Rhinoceroses, and Tapirs § 93.806 Animals refused entry. Any elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, or tapir refused entry into...

  4. 9 CFR 93.806 - Animals refused entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Elephants, Hippopotami, Rhinoceroses, and Tapirs § 93.806 Animals refused entry. Any elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, or tapir refused entry into...

  5. 9 CFR 93.806 - Animals refused entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Elephants, Hippopotami, Rhinoceroses, and Tapirs § 93.806 Animals refused entry. Any elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, or tapir refused entry into...

  6. Entry Guidance for the Reusable Launch Vehicle

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lu, Ping

    1999-01-01

    The X-33 Advanced Technology Demonstrator is a half-scale prototype developed to test the key technologies needed for a full-scale single-stage reusable launch vehicle (RLV). The X-33 is a suborbital vehicle that will be launched vertically, and land horizontally. The goals of this research were to develop an alternate entry guidance scheme for the X-33 in parallel to the actual X-33 entry guidance algorithms, provide comparative and complementary study, and identify potential new ways to improve entry guidance performance. Toward these goals, the nominal entry trajectory is defined by a piecewise linear drag-acceleration-versus-energy profile, which is in turn obtained by the solution of a semi-analytical parameter optimization problem. The closed-loop guidance is accomplished by tracking the nominal drag profile with primarily bank-angle modulation on-board. The bank-angle is commanded by a single full-envelope nonlinear trajectory control law. Near the end of the entry flight, the guidance logic is switched to heading control in order to meet strict conditions at the terminal area energy management interface. Two methods, one on ground-track control and the other on heading control, were proposed and examined for this phase of entry guidance where lateral control is emphasized. Trajectory dispersion studies were performed to evaluate the effectiveness of the entry guidance algorithms against a number of uncertainties including those in propulsion system, atmospheric properties, winds, aerodynamics, and propellant loading. Finally, a new trajectory-regulation method is introduced at the end as a promising precision entry guidance method. The guidance principle is very different and preliminary application in X-33 entry guidance simulation showed high precision that is difficult to achieve by existing methods.

  7. Texting while driving: is speech-based text entry less risky than handheld text entry?

    PubMed

    He, J; Chaparro, A; Nguyen, B; Burge, R J; Crandall, J; Chaparro, B; Ni, R; Cao, S

    2014-11-01

    Research indicates that using a cell phone to talk or text while maneuvering a vehicle impairs driving performance. However, few published studies directly compare the distracting effects of texting using a hands-free (i.e., speech-based interface) versus handheld cell phone, which is an important issue for legislation, automotive interface design and driving safety training. This study compared the effect of speech-based versus handheld text entries on simulated driving performance by asking participants to perform a car following task while controlling the duration of a secondary text-entry task. Results showed that both speech-based and handheld text entries impaired driving performance relative to the drive-only condition by causing more variation in speed and lane position. Handheld text entry also increased the brake response time and increased variation in headway distance. Text entry using a speech-based cell phone was less detrimental to driving performance than handheld text entry. Nevertheless, the speech-based text entry task still significantly impaired driving compared to the drive-only condition. These results suggest that speech-based text entry disrupts driving, but reduces the level of performance interference compared to text entry with a handheld device. In addition, the difference in the distraction effect caused by speech-based and handheld text entry is not simply due to the difference in task duration. PMID:25089769

  8. Adjustable Bracket For Entry Of Welding Wire

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gilbert, Jeffrey L.; Gutow, David A.

    1993-01-01

    Wire-entry bracket on welding torch in robotic welding system provides for adjustment of angle of entry of welding wire over range of plus or minus 30 degrees from nominal entry angle. Wire positioned so it does not hide weld joint in view of through-the-torch computer-vision system part of robot-controlling and -monitoring system. Swiveling bracket also used on nonvision torch on which wire-feed-through tube interferes with workpiece. Angle simply changed to one giving sufficient clearance.

  9. Entry, Descent, and Landing With Propulsive Deceleration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Palaszewski, Bryan

    2012-01-01

    The future exploration of the Solar System will require innovations in transportation and the use of entry, descent, and landing (EDL) systems at many planetary landing sites. The cost of space missions has always been prohibitive, and using the natural planetary and planet s moons atmospheres for entry, descent, and landing can reduce the cost, mass, and complexity of these missions. This paper will describe some of the EDL ideas for planetary entry and survey the overall technologies for EDL that may be attractive for future Solar System missions.

  10. Physical security workshop summary: entry control

    SciTech Connect

    Eaton, M.J.

    1982-01-01

    Entry control hardware has been used extensively in the past to assist security forces in separating the authorized from the unauthorized at the plant perimeter. As more attention is being focused on the insider threat, these entry control elements are being used to extend the security inspectors' presence into the plant by compartmentalizing access and monitoring vital components. This paper summarizes the experiences expressed by the participants at the March 16 to 19, 1982 INMM Physical Protection Workshop in utilizing access control and contraband detection hardware for plant wide entry control applications.

  11. Advances in spacecraft atmospheric entry guidance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benito Manrique, Joel

    In order to advance entry guidance technology two different research areas have been explored with the objective of increasing the reachable landing area and the landing accuracy for future Mars missions. Currently only the northern hemisphere of Mars is available for landing due to its low elevation. Only low elevation landing sites have the necessary atmospheric density to allow landing using current Entry, Descent and Landing (EDL) technology. In order to reach most of the Ancient Highlands, the majority of the southern hemisphere, advanced EDL technology is needed in multiple fields, including entry guidance. The first research area is the definition and applications of reachable and controllable sets for entry. The definition of the reachable and controllable sets provides a framework for the study of the capabilities of an entry vehicle in a given planet. Reachable and controllable sets can be used to comprehensively characterize the envelope of trajectories that a vehicle can fly, the sites it can reach and the entry states that can be accommodated. The sets can also be used for the evaluation of trajectory planning algorithms and to assist in the selection of the entry or landing sites. In essence, the reachable and controllable sets offer a powerful vehicle and trajectory analysis and design framework that allows for better mission design choices. In order to illustrate the use of the sets, they are computed for a representative Mars mission using two different vehicle configurations. The sets characterize the impact of the vehicle configuration on the entry capability. Furthermore, the sets are used to find the best skip-entry trajectory for a return from the Moon mission, highlighting the utility of the sets in atmospheric maneuvers other than entry. The second research area is the development of the components of an entry guidance algorithm that allow high elevation landing and provide as well high landing accuracy. The approach taken follows the acceleration guidance approach successfully used in missions like the Space Shuttle. Based on this approach, a new planner has been developed that is computationally fast and provides trajectories with both high final altitude and high control authority. A new tracking law based on nonlinear predictive control has been developed to track the reference trajectory. The new tracking law accounts for control saturation, which is a common feature of trajectories in the thin Martian atmosphere with a low lift vehicle. Finally, a final position guidance algorithm that aligns the vehicle's heading towards the target and provides altitude and range control, has been developed. The new guidance algorithm provides increased accuracy as well as higher final altitude compared to an entry guidance algorithm representative of the current capabilities.

  12. LABORATORY VOICE DATA ENTRY SYSTEM.

    SciTech Connect

    PRAISSMAN,J.L.SUTHERLAND,J.C.

    2003-04-01

    We have assembled a system using a personal computer workstation equipped with standard office software, an audio system, speech recognition software and an inexpensive radio-based wireless microphone that permits laboratory workers to enter or modify data while performing other work. Speech recognition permits users to enter data while their hands are holding equipment or they are otherwise unable to operate a keyboard. The wireless microphone allows unencumbered movement around the laboratory without a ''tether'' that might interfere with equipment or experimental procedures. To evaluate the potential of voice data entry in a laboratory environment, we developed a prototype relational database that records the disposal of radionuclides and/or hazardous chemicals Current regulations in our laboratory require that each such item being discarded must be inventoried and documents must be prepared that summarize the contents of each container used for disposal. Using voice commands, the user enters items into the database as each is discarded. Subsequently, the program prepares the required documentation.

  13. Targeting a complex transcriptome: the construction of the mouse full-length cDNA encyclopedia.

    PubMed

    Carninci, Piero; Waki, Kazunori; Shiraki, Toshiyuki; Konno, Hideaki; Shibata, Kazuhiro; Itoh, Masayoshi; Aizawa, Katsunori; Arakawa, Takahiro; Ishii, Yoshiyuki; Sasaki, Daisuke; Bono, Hidemasa; Kondo, Shinji; Sugahara, Yuichi; Saito, Rintaro; Osato, Naoki; Fukuda, Shiro; Sato, Kenjiro; Watahiki, Akira; Hirozane-Kishikawa, Tomoko; Nakamura, Mari; Shibata, Yuko; Yasunishi, Ayako; Kikuchi, Noriko; Yoshiki, Atsushi; Kusakabe, Moriaki; Gustincich, Stefano; Beisel, Kirk; Pavan, William; Aidinis, Vassilis; Nakagawara, Akira; Held, William A; Iwata, Hiroo; Kono, Tomohiro; Nakauchi, Hiromitsu; Lyons, Paul; Wells, Christine; Hume, David A; Fagiolini, Michela; Hensch, Takao K; Brinkmeier, Michelle; Camper, Sally; Hirota, Junji; Mombaerts, Peter; Muramatsu, Masami; Okazaki, Yasushi; Kawai, Jun; Hayashizaki, Yoshihide

    2003-06-01

    We report the construction of the mouse full-length cDNA encyclopedia,the most extensive view of a complex transcriptome,on the basis of preparing and sequencing 246 libraries. Before cloning,cDNAs were enriched in full-length by Cap-Trapper,and in most cases,aggressively subtracted/normalized. We have produced 1,442,236 successful 3'-end sequences clustered into 171,144 groups, from which 60,770 clones were fully sequenced cDNAs annotated in the FANTOM-2 annotation. We have also produced 547,149 5' end reads,which clustered into 124,258 groups. Altogether, these cDNAs were further grouped in 70,000 transcriptional units (TU),which represent the best coverage of a transcriptome so far. By monitoring the extent of normalization/subtraction, we define the tentative equivalent coverage (TEC),which was estimated to be equivalent to >12,000,000 ESTs derived from standard libraries. High coverage explains discrepancies between the very large numbers of clusters (and TUs) of this project,which also include non-protein-coding RNAs,and the lower gene number estimation of genome annotations. Altogether,5'-end clusters identify regions that are potential promoters for 8637 known genes and 5'-end clusters suggest the presence of almost 63,000 transcriptional starting points. An estimate of the frequency of polyadenylation signals suggests that at least half of the singletons in the EST set represent real mRNAs. Clones accounting for about half of the predicted TUs await further sequencing. The continued high-discovery rate suggests that the task of transcriptome discovery is not yet complete. PMID:12819125

  14. Genomic Encyclopedia of Type Strains, Phase I: The one thousand microbial genomes (KMG-I) project.

    PubMed

    Kyrpides, Nikos C; Woyke, Tanja; Eisen, Jonathan A; Garrity, George; Lilburn, Timothy G; Beck, Brian J; Whitman, William B; Hugenholtz, Phil; Klenk, Hans-Peter

    2014-06-15

    The Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) project was launched by the JGI in 2007 as a pilot project with the objective of sequencing 250 bacterial and archaeal genomes. The two major goals of that project were (a) to test the hypothesis that there are many benefits to the use the phylogenetic diversity of organisms in the tree of life as a primary criterion for generating their genome sequence and (b) to develop the necessary framework, technology and organization for large-scale sequencing of microbial isolate genomes. While the GEBA pilot project has not yet been entirely completed, both of the original goals have already been successfully accomplished, leading the way for the next phase of the project. Here we propose taking the GEBA project to the next level, by generating high quality draft genomes for 1,000 bacterial and archaeal strains. This represents a combined 16-fold increase in both scale and speed as compared to the GEBA pilot project (250 isolate genomes in 4+ years). We will follow a similar approach for organism selection and sequencing prioritization as was done for the GEBA pilot project (i.e. phylogenetic novelty, availability and growth of cultures of type strains and DNA extraction capability), focusing on type strains as this ensures reproducibility of our results and provides the strongest linkage between genome sequences and other knowledge about each strain. In turn, this project will constitute a pilot phase of a larger effort that will target the genome sequences of all available type strains of the Bacteria and Archaea. PMID:25197443

  15. Entry, Descent, and Landing Operations Analysis for the Genesis Re-Entry Capsule

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desai, Prasun N.; Lyons, Dan T.

    2005-01-01

    On September 8, 2004, the Genesis spacecraft returned to Earth after spending 29 months about the sun-Earth libration point collecting solar wind particles. Four hours prior to Earth arrival, the entry capsule containing the samples was released for entry and subsequent landing at the Utah Test and Training Range. This paper provides an overview of the entry, descent, and landing trajectory analysis that was performed during the Mission Operations Phase leading up to final approach to Earth. The operations effort accurately delivered the entry capsule to the desired landing site. The final landing location was 8.3 km from the target, and was well within the allowable landing area. Preliminary reconstruction analyses indicate that the actual entry trajectory was very close to the pre-entry prediction.

  16. Aerocapture Inflatable Decelerator for Planetary Entry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reza, Sajjad; Hund, Richard; Kustas, Frank; Willcockson, William; Songer, Jarvis; Brown, Glen

    2007-01-01

    Forward Attached Inflatable Decelerators, more commonly known as inflatable aeroshells, provide an effective, cost efficient means of decelerating spacecrafts by using atmospheric drag for aerocapture or planetary entry instead of conventional liquid propulsion deceleration systems. Entry into planetary atmospheres results in significant heating and aerodynamic pressures which stress aeroshell systems to their useful limits. Incorporation of lightweight inflatable decelerator surfaces with increased surface-area footprints provides the opportunity to reduce heat flux and induced temperatures, while increasing the payload mass fraction. Furthermore, inflatable aeroshell decelerators provide the needed deceleration at considerably higher altitudes and Mach numbers when compared with conventional rigid aeroshell entry systems. Inflatable aeroshells also provide for stowage in a compact space, with subsequent deployment of a large-area, lightweight heatshield to survive entry heating. Use of a deployable heatshield decelerator enables an increase in the spacecraft payload mass fraction and may eliminate the need for a spacecraft backshell.

  17. 32 CFR 770.45 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton, Connecticut...consent of the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, or his authorized...request to the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, at the following...

  18. 32 CFR 770.45 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton, Connecticut...consent of the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, or his authorized...request to the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, at the following...

  19. 32 CFR 770.45 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton, Connecticut...consent of the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, or his authorized...request to the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, at the following...

  20. 32 CFR 770.45 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton, Connecticut...consent of the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, or his authorized...request to the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, at the following...

  1. 32 CFR 770.45 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton, Connecticut...consent of the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, or his authorized...request to the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, at the following...

  2. Generic aerocapture atmospheric entry study, volume 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    An atmospheric entry study to fine a generic aerocapture vehicle capable of missions to Mars, Saturn, and Uranus is reported. A single external geometry was developed through atmospheric entry simulations. Aerocapture is a system design concept which uses an aerodynamically controlled atmospheric entry to provide the necessary velocity depletion to capture payloads into planetary orbit. Design concepts are presented which provide the control accuracy required while giving thermal protection for the mission payload. The system design concepts consist of the following elements: (1) an extendable biconic aerodynamic configuration with lift to drag ratio between 1.0 and 2.0; (2) roll control system concepts to control aerodynamic lift and disturbance torques; (3) aeroshell design concepts capable of meeting dynamic pressure loads during aerocapture; and (4) entry thermal protection system design concepts to meet thermodynamic loads during aerocapture.

  3. 40 CFR 170.112 - Entry restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS WORKER PROTECTION STANDARD... (1) After the application of any pesticide on an agricultural establishment...restricted-entry interval specified on the pesticide labeling has expired, except as...

  4. Sunk Costs and Antitrust Barriers to Entry

    E-print Network

    Schmalensee, Richard

    2004-12-10

    US antitrust policy takes as its objective consumer welfare, not total economic welfare. With that objective, Joe Bain's definition of entry barriers is more useful than George Stigler's or definitions ...

  5. Sunk Costs and Antitrust Barriers to Entry

    E-print Network

    Schmalensee, Richard

    2004-04-02

    US antitrust policy takes as its objective consumer welfare, not total economic welfare. With that objective, Joe Bain's definition of entry barriers is more useful than George Stigler's or definitions based on economic ...

  6. Essays on entry regulation, institutions, and development

    E-print Network

    Bruhn, Miriam

    2007-01-01

    This thesis is a collection of three essays on entry regulation, institutions, and development.Chapter 1 examines the effect of a business registration reform in Mexico on economic activity. This reform made registration ...

  7. Banner Web Time Entry Web Timekeeping Manual

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    should not share your portal password with anyone. It is also important to log off the system when youIIT and Web Time Entry.......................................2 Transaction Status the System...........................................................10 #12;IIT Employee Web Timekeeping

  8. Essays on International Market Entry Strategy 

    E-print Network

    Song, Myunggook

    2011-10-21

    Two important issues regarding international market entry strategy remain largely unexplored: international launch time window (the elapsed time between product launch in the home country and launch in the focal country) ...

  9. Physician Satisfaction with Two Order Entry Systems

    PubMed Central

    Murff, Harvey J.; Kannry, Joseph

    2001-01-01

    Objectives: In the wake of the Institute of Medicine report, To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System (LT Kohn, JM Corrigan, MS Donaldson, eds; Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1999), numerous advisory panels are advocating widespread implementation of physician order entry as a means to reduce errors and improve patient safety. Successful implementation of an order entry system requires that attention be given to the user interface. The authors assessed physician satisfaction with the user interface of two different order entry systems—a commercially available product, and the Department of Veterans Affairs Computerized Patient Record System (CPRS). Design and Measurement: A standardized instrument for measuring user satisfaction with physician order entry systems was mailed to internal medicine and medicine-pediatrics house staff physicians. The subjects answered questions on each system using a 0 to 9 scale. Results: The survey response rates were 63 and 64 percent for the two order entry systems. Overall, house staff were dissatisfied with the commercial system, giving it an overall mean score of 3.67 (95 percent confidence interval [95%CI], 3.37–3.97). In contrast, the CPRS had a mean score of 7.21 (95% CI, 7.00–7.43), indicating that house staff were satisfied with the system. Overall satisfaction was most strongly correlated with the ability to perform tasks in a “straightforward” manner. Conclusions: User satisfaction differed significantly between the two order entry systems, suggesting that all order entry systems are not equally usable. Given the national usage of the two order entry systems studied, further studies are needed to assess physician satisfaction with use of these same systems at other institutions. PMID:11522770

  10. Online Auctions 1 Online Auctions

    E-print Network

    Rumpe, Bernhard

    in the upcoming Internet market places. ONLINE AUCTIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF THE INTERNET MARKETPLACE Electronic the Internet will be a market enabler of unforeseen possibilities. Just in the last few years it became apparent that doing business over the Internet can simplify marketing and purchasing considerably (see e

  11. Planetary/DOD entry technology flight experiments. Volume 2: Planetary entry flight experiments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Christensen, H. E.; Krieger, R. J.; Mcneilly, W. R.; Vetter, H. C.

    1976-01-01

    The technical feasibility of launching a high speed, earth entry vehicle from the space shuttle to advance technology for the exploration of the outer planets' atmospheres was established. Disciplines of thermodynamics, orbital mechanics, aerodynamics propulsion, structures, design, electronics and system integration focused on the goal of producing outer planet environments on a probe shaped vehicle during an earth entry. Major aspects of analysis and vehicle design studied include: planetary environments, earth entry environment capability, mission maneuvers, capabilities of shuttle upper stages, a comparison of earth entry planetary environments, experiment design and vehicle design.

  12. An Eight-Year Study of Online Lecture Use in a Medical Gross Anatomy and Embryology Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nieder, Gary L.; Borges, Nicole J.

    2012-01-01

    Online lectures have been used in lieu of live lectures in our gross anatomy and embryology course for the past eight years. We examined patterns of online lecture use by our students and related that use to academic entry measures, gender and examination performance. Detailed access records identified by student were available from server logs.…

  13. Orion Capsule Handling Qualities for Atmospheric Entry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tigges, Michael A.; Bihari, Brian D.; Stephens, John-Paul; Vos, Gordon A.; Bilimoria, Karl D.; Mueller, Eric R.; Law, Howard G.; Johnson, Wyatt; Bailey, Randall E.; Jackson, Bruce

    2011-01-01

    Two piloted simulations were conducted at NASA's Johnson Space Center using the Cooper-Harper scale to study the handling qualities of the Orion Command Module capsule during atmospheric entry flight. The simulations were conducted using high fidelity 6-DOF simulators for Lunar Return Skip Entry and International Space Station Return Direct Entry flight using bank angle steering commands generated by either the Primary (PredGuid) or Backup (PLM) guidance algorithms. For both evaluations, manual control of bank angle began after descending through Entry Interface into the atmosphere until drogue chutes deployment. Pilots were able to use defined bank management and reversal criteria to accurately track the bank angle commands, and stay within flight performance metrics of landing accuracy, g-loads, and propellant consumption, suggesting that the pilotability of Orion under manual control is both achievable and provides adequate trajectory performance with acceptable levels of pilot effort. Another significant result of these analyses is the applicability of flying a complex entry task under high speed entry flight conditions relevant to the next generation Multi Purpose Crew Vehicle return from Mars and Near Earth Objects.

  14. Trajectory Reconstruction for the Genesis Entry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Desai, Prasun N.; Qualls, Garry D.; Schoenenberger, Mark

    2005-01-01

    An overview of the reconstruction analyses performed for the Genesis capsule entry is described. The results indicate that the actual entry prior to the drogue deployment failure was very close to the pre-entry predictions. The capsule landed 8.3 km south of the desired target at Utah Test and Training Range. Analysis on infrared video footage (obtained from the tracking stations) during the descent estimated the onset of the capsule tumble at Mach 0.9. Frequency analysis on the infrared video data indicates that the aerodynamics generated for the Genesis capsule reasonably predicted the drag and static stability. Observations of the heatshield support the pre-entry simulation estimates of a small hypersonic angles-of-attack, since there is very little, if any, charring of the shoulder region or the afterbody. Through this investigation, an overall assertion can be made that all the data gathered from the Genesis entry is consistent with flight performance close to the nominal pre-entry prediction. Consequently, the design principles and methodologies utilized for the flight dynamics, aerodynamics, and aerothermodynamics analyses have been corroborated.

  15. Nipah virus entry can occur by macropinocytosis

    SciTech Connect

    Pernet, Olivier; Pohl, Christine; Ainouze, Michelle; Kweder, Hasan; Buckland, Robin

    2009-12-20

    Nipah virus (NiV) is a zoonotic biosafety level 4 paramyxovirus that emerged recently in Asia with high mortality in man. NiV is a member, with Hendra virus (HeV), of the Henipavirus genus in the Paramyxoviridae family. Although NiV entry, like that of other paramyxoviruses, is believed to occur via pH-independent fusion with the host cell's plasma membrane we present evidence that entry can occur by an endocytic pathway. The NiV receptor ephrinB2 has receptor kinase activity and we find that ephrinB2's cytoplasmic domain is required for entry but is dispensable for post-entry viral spread. The mutation of a single tyrosine residue (Y304F) in ephrinB2's cytoplasmic tail abrogates NiV entry. Moreover, our results show that NiV entry is inhibited by constructions and drugs specific for the endocytic pathway of macropinocytosis. Our findings could potentially permit the rapid development of novel low-cost antiviral treatments not only for NiV but also HeV.

  16. Models of radon entry: A review

    SciTech Connect

    Gadgil, A.J.

    1991-08-01

    This paper reviews existing models of radon entry into houses. The primary mechanism of radon entry in houses with high indoor concentrations is, in most cases, convective entry of radon bearing soil-gas from the surrounding soil. The driving force for this convective entry is the small indoor-outdoor pressure difference arising from the stack effect and other causes. Entry points for the soil-gas generally are the cracks or gaps in the building substructure, or though other parts of the building shell in direct contact with the soil, although entry may also occur by flow though permeable concrete or cinder block walls of the substructure. Models using analytical solutions to idealized geometrical configurations with simplified boundary conditions obtain analytical tractability of equations to be solved at the cost of severe approximations; their strength is in the insights they offer with their solutions. Models based on lumped parameters attempt to characterize the significant physical behavioral characteristics of the soil-gas and radon flow. When realistic approximations are desired for the boundary conditions and terms in the governing equations, numerical models must be used; these are usually based on finite difference or finite element solutions to the governing equations. Limited data are now available for experimental verification of model predictions. The models are briefly reviewed and their strengths and limitations are discussed.

  17. PostGraduate Application This is the alternate application form to be used when the on-line system is not available.

    E-print Network

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    is not available. Applicants are encouraged to use the quicker on-line system https://aspire.ncl.ac.uk where of July for September entry. Guidance on completing the form can be found at: http://www.ncl

  18. 19 CFR 142.3 - Entry documentation required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Entry documentation required. 142.3 Section 142.3 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ENTRY PROCESS Entry Documentation § 142.3 Entry documentation required. (a) Contents. Except as provided in paragraph (b)...

  19. Virtual Reality Modelling Simulation of the Re-entry Motion of an Axialsymmetric Vehicle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guidi, A.; Chu, Q.. P.; Mulder, J. A.

    This work started during the stability analysis of the Delft Aerospace Re-entry Test demonstrator (DART) which is a small axisymmetric ballistic re-entry vehicle. The dynamic stability evaluation of an axisymmetric re-entry vehicle is especially concerned on the behaviour of its angle of attack during the flight through the atmosphere. The variation in the angle of attack is essential for prediction of the trajectory of the vehicle and for heating requirement of the structure of the vehicle. The concept of the total angle of attack and the windward meridian plane are introduced. The position of the centre of pressure can be a crucial point in the stability of the vehicle. Although the simpleness of an axisymmetric shape, the re-entry of such a vehicle is characterised by several complex phenomenologies that were analysed with the aid of the flight simulator and of a 3D virtual reality modeling simulator. Simulations were performed with a 25° AOA initial condition in order to simulate the response of the vehicle to a disturbance that may occur during the flight causing a variation in attitude from its Trim . Certain aspects of re-entry vehicle motion are conveniently described in the terms of Euler angles. Using the Eulerian angle it is possible to generate a tridimensional animation of the output of the Flight Simulator. This tridimensional analysis is of great importance in order to understand the mentioned complex motions. Furthermore with growing in computer power it is possible to generate online visualisation of the simulations. The output of the flight simulator was used in a software written in Virtual Reality Modelling Language (VRML). With VRML this software was possible the visualisation of the re-entry motion of the vehicle. With this option the animation can run on-line during the with the flight simulator and can be also easily published on the internet or send to other users in very small file size. (the VRLM simulation of the re-entry, can be seen at the official DART internet site: www.dart-project.com)

  20. The StarDate Black Hole Encyclopedia Website blackholes.stardate.org

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gebhardt, Karl; Benningfield, D.; Preston, S.

    2013-01-01

    The StarDate Black Hole Encyclopedia website was developed over the past seven years to provide an extensive but easy-to-read resource for the public and students. A Spanish-language version, Enciclopedia de agujeros negros, is also available at blackholes.radiouniverso.org. Evaluation shows that the sites are used by the public, students, and astronomy professionals, and the site is among the top references in most web searches for individual black holes. The site comprises seven major subsections: Basics, Directory, Research, History, Pop Culture, News, and Resources. The Basics section introduces black holes, explains how they are discovered and studied, and covers their basis in the theory of gravity. This section also includes a six-minute video introduction, “Black Holes: Stranger than Fiction.” The Directory section contains extensive descriptions of more than 80 well-known stellar, intermediate, and supermassive black holes as well as images and vital statistics of each. The Research section takes a look at three NSF-funded projects, including the work of Andrea Ghez, Karl Gebhardt and Jenny Greene, and the LIGO project. The History section provides a timeline of black holes from Isaac Newton to the present. Some of the best and worst roles played by black holes in films, TV shows, and books are included in the Pop Culture section (and pop culture references and images are sprinkled through the rest of the site). An archive of news reports about black holes is available in the News section, which provides links to the original stories or press releases. And the Resources section offers FAQs, articles from StarDate magazine and radio programs, activities for students that are tied to national standards, a glossary, and a reading list of books and websites. We have conducted both quantitative and qualitative evaluation on the black hole websites. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0935841. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

  1. Published as: (1) Aerts, D., 2001, "Transdisciplinary and integrative sciences in sustainable development", in Our Fragile World, a forerunner of the Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems,

    E-print Network

    Aerts, Diederik

    Entities 5. The `Maxwell Fund' and the `Human Rights Fund' 6. Developing Humanity's Mind and Body 7, ones that arise from a comparison of human #12;2 society with the human mind and body development", in Our Fragile World, a forerunner of the Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Baldwin House

  2. Gray, W. D. (forthcoming). Errors in interactive behavior. In W. S. Bainbridge (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction: Berkshire Publishing Group.

    E-print Network

    Gray, Wayne

    of Human-Computer Interaction: Berkshire Publishing Group. Errors in Interactive Behavior DesigningGray, W. D. (forthcoming). Errors in interactive behavior. In W. S. Bainbridge (Ed.), Encyclopedia frustratinggoal. "Human error" is an everyday term with different meanings for different communities

  3. 10/1/10 8:07 PMDesert Varnish : Encyclopedia of Geography Page 1 of 4http://www.sage-ereference.com/geography/Article_n276.html

    E-print Network

    Dorn, Ron

    10/1/10 8:07 PMDesert Varnish : Encyclopedia of Geography Page 1 of 4http://www.sage-ereference.com/geography/Article_n276.html Desert Varnish Desert varnish is but one of more than a dozen rock coatings (Table 1) that drastically alter the appearance of rock surfaces. The better term is rock varnish because this coating occurs

  4. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-print Network

    Gentner, Timothy

    of Animal Behavior, volume 3, pp. 368-374 Oxford: Academic Press. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reservedThis article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA ã 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Introduction What

  5. "Food Sovereignty," in Immanuel Ness (Ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest: 1500 to the Present (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2009)

    E-print Network

    with the High Level Conference on World Food Security in June 2008 at the Food and Agriculture Organization1 "Food Sovereignty," in Immanuel Ness (Ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Revolution and definitions of food sovereignty: Food Sovereignty is an alternative model for agriculture and trade

  6. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-print Network

    Packard, Jane M.

    .M. (2010) Wolves. In: Breed M.D. and Moore J., (eds.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, volume 3, pp. 611 in distinctive ways from cat-like (Feliformia) and other dog-like (Caniformia) species in the taxonomic order the comparative method, an ethologist would infer that the genetic basis of `leap-pounce' is highly herita- ble

  7. Lechowicz, M.J., 2001. Phenology. In the Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, Volume 2. The Earth System:biological and ecological dimensions of global environmental

    E-print Network

    Lechowicz, Martin J.

    Lechowicz, M.J., 2001. Phenology. In the Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, Volume 2. The Earth System:biological and ecological dimensions of global environmental change. Wiley, London. Phenology Martin J. Lechowicz Department of Biology McGill University Montréal, Québec, CANADA Phenology

  8. Information on this page was compiled from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, the Encyclopedia of Careers and Vocational Guidance, University of Minnesota departmental websites, and student-reported data.

    E-print Network

    Weiblen, George D

    Information on this page was compiled from the Occupational Outlook Handbook, the Encyclopedia. WHAT CAN I DO WITH A MAJOR IN: Activities Biology Majors Do Biological scientists study living, bacteria, and other infectious agents. Biological scientists who work in applied research or product

  9. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-print Network

    Finlay, Barbara L.

    (2009) Brain Evolution: Developmental Constraints and Relative Developmental Growth. In: Squire LR (ed.) Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, volume 2, pp. 337-345. Oxford: Academic Press. #12;Brain Evolution: Developmental Ltd. All rights reserved. Introduction Components of the brain in mammals enlarge in large part

  10. Online Organic Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Janowicz, Philip A.

    2010-01-01

    This is a comprehensive study of the many facets of an entirely online organic chemistry course. Online homework with structure-drawing capabilities was found to be more effective than written homework. Online lecture was found to be just as effective as in-person lecture, and students prefer an online lecture format with shorter Webcasts. Online

  11. Negotiating Femininities Online

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Julia

    2004-01-01

    Much has been written about the potential for online learning (Fryer, 1997; www. ngfl.gov.uk/ngfl/index.html). However this literature typically emphasizes not online learning but online education. In this paper I focus on the potential for online learning, specifically learning about issues surrounding femininity in the presence of online peers,…

  12. 76 FR 82315 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Entry/Immediate Delivery Application and Simplified Entry

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-30

    ... collection was previously published in the Federal Register (76 FR 66740) on October 27, 2011, allowing for a... Delivery Application and Simplified Entry AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of... Delivery Application (Forms 3461 and 3461 ALT) and Simplified Entry. This is a proposed revision...

  13. Effect of Cognitive Entry Behaviors and Affective Entry Characteristics on Learning Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Çaliskan, Muhittin

    2014-01-01

    In this study, the effect of cognitive entry behaviors and affective entry characteristics on learning level was investigated. The study was conducted on 258 first year students attending the Faculty of Education in the autumn semester of the 2011-2012 academic year. The study was conducted using the relational survey model and data was collected…

  14. 19 CFR 141.61 - Completion of entry and entry summary documentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... the Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration. Any entry summary filed for... on CBP Form 7501. (e) Statistical information—(1) Information required on entry summary or withdrawal... paragraph (e)(1)(i)(A) of this section and for each class or kind of merchandise within each invoice...

  15. 19 CFR 141.61 - Completion of entry and entry summary documentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... the Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration. Any entry summary filed for... on CBP Form 7501. (e) Statistical information—(1) Information required on entry summary or withdrawal... paragraph (e)(1)(i)(A) of this section and for each class or kind of merchandise within each invoice...

  16. 19 CFR 141.61 - Completion of entry and entry summary documentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... the Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration. Any entry summary filed for... on CBP Form 7501. (e) Statistical information—(1) Information required on entry summary or withdrawal... paragraph (e)(1)(i)(A) of this section and for each class or kind of merchandise within each invoice...

  17. 19 CFR 141.61 - Completion of entry and entry summary documentation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... the Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration. Any entry summary filed for... on CBP Form 7501. (e) Statistical information—(1) Information required on entry summary or withdrawal... paragraph (e)(1)(i)(A) of this section and for each class or kind of merchandise within each invoice...

  18. 76 FR 66875 - Informal Entry Limit and Removal of a Formal Entry Requirement

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-28

    ... quotas under the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing, CBP no longer needs to require formal entries for... for these articles due to the elimination of absolute quotas and visa requirements for textile..., which requires the use of a formal entry and visa or export license for certain shipments of textile...

  19. Atmospheric Entry Studies for Venus Missions: 45 Sphere-Cone Rigid Aeroshells and Ballistic Entries

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Prabhu, Dinesh K.; Spilker, Thomas R.; Allen, Gary A., Jr.; Hwang, Helen H.; Cappuccio, Gelsomina; Moses, Robert W.

    2013-01-01

    The present study considers direct ballistic entries into the atmosphere of Venus using a 45deg sphere-cone rigid aeroshell, a legacy shape that has been used successfully in the past in the Pioneer Venus Multiprobe Mission. For a number of entry mass and heatshield diameter combinations (i.e., various ballistic coefficients) and entry velocities, the trajectory space in terms of entry flight path angles between skip out and -30deg is explored with a 3DoF trajectory code, TRAJ. From these trajectories, the viable entry flight path angle space is determined through the use of mechanical and thermal performance limits on the thermal protection material and science payload; the thermal protection material of choice is entry-grade carbon phenolic, for which a material thermal response model is available. For mechanical performance, a 200 g limit is placed on the peak deceleration load experienced by the science instruments, and 10 bar is assumed as the pressure limit for entry-grade carbon-phenolic material. For thermal performance, inflection points in the total heat load distribution are used as cut off criteria. Analysis of the results shows the existence of a range of critical ballistic coefficients beyond which the steepest possible entries are determined by the pressure limit of the material rather than the deceleration load limit.

  20. ENTRY MEASURE THEORY [ENTRY MEASURE THEORY] Authors: Oliver Knill: 2003 Literature: measure theory

    E-print Network

    Knill, Oliver

    ENTRY MEASURE THEORY [ENTRY MEASURE THEORY] Authors: Oliver Knill: 2003 Literature: measure theory. Also called A-set. Any A-set is Lebesgue measurable. Any uncountable A-set topologically contains complement is also an analytic set. atom An [atom] is a measurable set Y of positive measure in a measure

  1. Web Search: Search Home | Encyclopedia | Dictionary | Thesaurus | World Atlas | Multimedia | Quizzes | Top-10 Lists | Education

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Jun

    | Quizzes | Top-10 Lists | Education Search Encarta Go Language Help Online Degrees Home Degree Programs Categories Business Degrees Education Degrees Health-Care Degrees IT & Computer Science MBA Degrees Paralegal want fries with that?" It turns out that these stories are refuted by the employment data. Here

  2. Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development 1 2010 Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development

    E-print Network

    Trainor, Laurel J.

    auditory features, how they change with age, and how they are affected by musical experience. Auditory ERPs online June 30, 2010) Topic Brain Introduction The auditory system serves three main functions: identifying and locating objects, perceiving music, and understanding language. All of these rely on efficient

  3. Feasibility study of low angle planetary entry. [probe design for Jovian entry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Defrees, R. E.

    1975-01-01

    The feasibility of a Jovian entry by a probe originally designed for Saturn and Uranus entries is examined. An entry probe is described which is capable of release near an outer planet's sphere of influence and descent to a predetermined target entry point in the planet's atmosphere. The probe is designed so as to survive the trapped particle radiation belts and an entry heating pulse. Data is gathered and relayed to an overflying spacecraft bus during descent. Probe variations for two similar missions are described. In the first flyby of Jupiter by a Pioneer spacecraft launched during the 1979 opportunity is examined parametrically. In the second mission an orbiter based on Pioneer and launched in 1980 is defined in specific terms. The differences rest in the science payloads and directly affected wiring and electronics packages.

  4. MCC level C formulation requirements. Entry guidance and entry autopilot, optional TAEM targeting

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harpold, J. C.

    1980-01-01

    The level C software formulations requirements for the entry guidance and the simplified autopilot to be used by the Mission Control Center (MCC) entry processor are presented. The modifications required to functionally simulate optional Terminal Area Energy Management (TAEM) targeting capability (OTT) are incorporated. Implementation of this logic in the MCC must be coordinated with flight software OTT implementation and MCC TAEM guidance OTT. The entry guidance logic is based on the orbiter avionics entry guidance software. Descriptions of the entry guidance detailed formulation requirements, the detailed autopilot formulation requirements, and the targeting routine are given. Also included are a definition of coordinate systems, a list of parameter definitions for the software formulations, and a set of formulation flow charts.

  5. Shuttle program. MCC Level C formulation requirements: Entry guidance and entry autopilot

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harpold, J. C.; Hill, O.

    1980-01-01

    A set of preliminary entry guidance and autopilot software formulations is presented for use in the Mission Control Center (MCC) entry processor. These software formulations meet all level B requirements. Revision 2 incorporates the modifications required to functionally simulate optimal TAEM targeting capability (OTT). Implementation of this logic in the MCC must be coordinated with flight software OTT implementation and MCC TAEM guidance OTT. The entry guidance logic is based on the Orbiter avionics entry guidance software. This MCC requirements document contains a definition of coordinate systems, a list of parameter definitions for the software formulations, a description of the entry guidance detailed formulation requirements, a description of the detailed autopilot formulation requirements, a description of the targeting routine, and a set of formulation flow charts.

  6. Evaluation of Mars Entry Reconstructured Trajectories Based on Hypothetical 'Quick-Look' Entry Navigation Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pastor, P. Rick; Bishop, Robert H.; Striepe, Scott A.

    2000-01-01

    A first order simulation analysis of the navigation accuracy expected from various Navigation Quick-Look data sets is performed. Here quick-look navigation data are observations obtained by hypothetical telemetried data transmitted on the fly during a Mars probe's atmospheric entry. In this simulation study, navigation data consists of 3-axis accelerometer sensor and attitude information data. Three entry vehicle guidance types are studied: I. a Maneuvering entry vehicle (as with Mars 01 guidance where angle of attack and bank angle are controlled); II. Zero angle-of-attack controlled entry vehicle (as with Mars 98); and III. Ballistic, or spin stabilized entry vehicle (as with Mars Pathfinder);. For each type, sensitivity to progressively under sampled navigation data and inclusion of sensor errors are characterized. Attempts to mitigate the reconstructed trajectory errors, including smoothing, interpolation and changing integrator characteristics are also studied.

  7. 31 CFR 363.201 - What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds? 363...Securities § 363.201 What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills,...

  8. 31 CFR 363.201 - What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds? 363...Securities § 363.201 What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills,...

  9. 31 CFR 363.201 - What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds? 363...Securities § 363.201 What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills,...

  10. 31 CFR 363.201 - What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds? 363...Securities § 363.201 What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills,...

  11. 31 CFR 363.201 - What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills, notes, and bonds? 363...Securities § 363.201 What other regulations govern book-entry marketable book-entry Treasury bills,...

  12. Thermal Analysis Methods For Earth Entry Vehicle

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Amundsen, Ruth M.; Dec, John A.; Lindell, Michael C.

    2000-01-01

    Thermal analysis of a vehicle designed to return samples from another planet, such as the Earth Entry vehicle for the Mars Sample Return mission, presents several unique challenges. The Earth Entry Vehicle (EEV) must contain Martian material samples after they have been collected and protect them from the high heating rates of entry into the Earth's atmosphere. This requirement necessitates inclusion of detailed thermal analysis early in the design of the vehicle. This paper will describe the challenges and solutions for a preliminary thermal analysis of an Earth Entry Vehicle. The aeroheating on the vehicle during entry would be the main driver for the thermal behavior, and is a complex function of time, spatial position on the vehicle, vehicle temperature, and trajectory parameters. Thus, the thermal analysis must be closely tied to the aeroheating analysis in order to make accurate predictions. Also, the thermal analysis must account for the material response of the ablative thermal protection system (TPS). For the exo-atmospheric portion of the mission, the thermal analysis must include the orbital radiation fluxes on the surfaces. The thermal behavior must also be used to predict the structural response of the vehicle (the thermal stress and strains) and whether they remain within the capability of the materials. Thus, the thermal analysis requires ties to the three-dimensional geometry, the aeroheating analysis, the material response analysis, the orbital analysis, and the structural analysis. The goal of this paper is to describe to what degree that has been achieved.

  13. reports online Anexclusivedigitalextension

    E-print Network

    Fletcher, Robin

    ! CONTENTS Queen's Law Reports Online is a periodic electronic update of Queen's Law Reports magazinereports online April 2015 NEW! Anexclusivedigitalextension ofyouralumnimagazine, Queen's Law Reports! #12;QUEEN'S LAW REPORTS ONLINE 1 INTRODUCTION DEAN'S COUNCIL MEMBERS Chair Sheila A. Murray, Law

  14. Measurement of Ca²+ entry using ??Ca²+.

    PubMed

    Villarroya, Mercedes; López, Manuela G; Cano-Abad, María F; García, Antonio G

    2005-01-01

    For decades, the measurement of extracellular Ca(2+) ((40)Ca(o) (2+)) entry into cells, using (45)Ca(2+) as carrier, has been a widely used technique. One of the first studies was performed by Hodgkin and Keynes to measure the rate at which (40)Ca(2+) labeled with (45)Ca(2+) crosses the surface membrane of resting squid axons, or during nervous activity. In a few large excitable cells, it was also possible to measure Ca(2+) entry indirectly through the measurement of inward currents through Ca(2+) channels under voltage-clamp conditions; however, Ca(o) (2+) entry into small excitable cells could only be measured using (45)Ca(2+). With the improvement of patch-clamp techniques, Ca(o) (2+) entry was measured via the analysis of single-channel or whole-cell inward currents through Ca(2+) channels. The first detailed study of Ca(2+) channel currents in small mammalian excitable cells was performed in 1982 in bovine adrenal medullary chromaffin cells, in the laboratory of Erwin Neher, where patch-clamp methodologies were developed. As patch-clamp techniques evolved, it seemed that the measurement of Ca(o) (2+) entry using (45)Ca(2+) would no longer be useful. Isotopes and scintillation fluids are expensive, administrative controls for good laboratory practices are always increasing, and the manipulation of isotopes becomes a growing nuisance. On the other hand, the time resolution of techniques using (45)Ca(2+) entry are in the range of seconds, whereas the patch-clamp measurement of inward Ca(2+) currents is in the range of milliseconds, three orders of magnitude lower. PMID:21341096

  15. Re-Entry Condition for Ferromagnetic Superconductors 

    E-print Network

    KUPER, CG; REVZEN, M.; RON, A.; Hu, Chia-Ren.

    1984-01-01

    JANUARY 1984 Re-entry condition for ferromagnetic superconductors C. G. Kuper, M. Revzen, and A. Ron, Department of Physics, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel C.-R. Hu, Department of Physics, Texas 3 d'c M University... of supercon- ducting and magnetic order in those ternary compounds which exhibit re-entry from the superconducting state to a normal-resistive (but ferromagnetic) state. Thc dlscUsslons arc 811 based on 8 gcncrallzcd Glnzburg- Landau model, fll st...

  16. DSMC simulations of OREX entry conditions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moss, James N.; Gupta, Roop N.; Price, Joseph M.

    1996-01-01

    Results of direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) solutions are presented for the Japanese Orbital Reentry Experiment (OREX) vehicle, a 50 deg half-angle spherically blunted cone with a nose radius of 1.35 m and a base diameter of 3.4 m. The flow conditions simulated are those for entry into the Earth's atmosphere at a nominal velocity of about 7.4 km/s and zero incidence. Calculations are made for the higher altitude portion of entry, encompassing the transitional flow regime (altitudes of 200 to 80 km). Comparisons with flight measured values are made for axial acceleration, surface pressure, and stagnation point heating.

  17. RTLS entry ranging analysis. [space shuttle reentry trajectory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Crull, T. J.

    1975-01-01

    Definition of the ranging capability of a mission 3A return-to-launch-site entry is reported. The limits on downrange and crossrange are established at the initiation of RTLS entry so that terminal area energy management interface conditions were achieved satisfactorily. The downrange and crossrange limits were defined for both nominal RTLS entry conditions and a composite set of dispersed RTLS entry conditions. The results indicate a wide range of acceptable downrange and crossrange positions are available at RTLS entry initiation for nominal conditions. This is greatly reduced when dispersions are considered. For dispersed RTLS entry conditions, an 18 nautical mile range of acceptable downranges is available at zero crossrange.

  18. Accuracy and readability of cardiovascular entries on Wikipedia: are they reliable learning resources for medical students?

    PubMed Central

    Azer, Samy A; AlSwaidan, Nourah M; Alshwairikh, Lama A; AlShammari, Jumana M

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate accuracy of content and readability level of English Wikipedia articles on cardiovascular diseases, using quality and readability tools. Methods Wikipedia was searched on the 6 October 2013 for articles on cardiovascular diseases. Using a modified DISCERN (DISCERN is an instrument widely used in assessing online resources), articles were independently scored by three assessors. The readability was calculated using Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level. The inter-rater agreement between evaluators was calculated using the Fleiss ? scale. Results This study was based on 47 English Wikipedia entries on cardiovascular diseases. The DISCERN scores had a median=33 (IQR=6). Four articles (8.5%) were of good quality (DISCERN score 40–50), 39 (83%) moderate (DISCERN 30–39) and 4 (8.5%) were poor (DISCERN 10–29). Although the entries covered the aetiology and the clinical picture, there were deficiencies in the pathophysiology of diseases, signs and symptoms, diagnostic approaches and treatment. The number of references varied from 1 to 127 references; 25.9±29.4 (mean±SD). Several problems were identified in the list of references and citations made in the articles. The readability of articles was 14.3±1.7 (mean±SD); consistent with the readability level for college students. In comparison, Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine 18th edition had more tables, less references and no significant difference in number of graphs, images, illustrations or readability level. The overall agreement between the evaluators was good (Fleiss ? 0.718 (95% CI 0.57 to 0.83). Conclusions The Wikipedia entries are not aimed at a medical audience and should not be used as a substitute to recommended medical resources. Course designers and students should be aware that Wikipedia entries on cardiovascular diseases lack accuracy, predominantly due to errors of omission. Further improvement of the Wikipedia content of cardiovascular entries would be needed before they could be considered a supplementary resource. PMID:26443650

  19. 01/22/2008 11:59 AMPeptide synthesis -Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 1 of 9http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Peptide_synthesis&printable=yes

    E-print Network

    Gates, Kent. S.

    .wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Peptide_synthesis&printable=yes Peptide synthesis From Wikipedia, the free:59 AMPeptide synthesis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 2 of 9http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php

  20. V. Krovi and V. Kumar, "Rapid Design and Prototyping of Customized Rehabilitation Aids," To appear in Encyclopedia of Microcomputers, Eds. A. Kent and J. G. Williams, Marcel Dekker, New York,

    E-print Network

    Krovi, Venkat

    in Encyclopedia of Microcomputers, Eds. A. Kent and J. G. Williams, Marcel Dekker, New York, September 1999. 1 of Microcomputers, Eds. A. Kent and J. G. Williams, Marcel Dekker, New York, September 1999. 2 wide array of quality

  1. 32 CFR 245.27 - Data entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Data entry. 245.27 Section 245.27 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS PLAN FOR THE EMERGENCY SECURITY CONTROL OF AIR TRAFFIC (ESCAT) Procedure for Movement of Air...

  2. 32 CFR 245.27 - Data entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Data entry. 245.27 Section 245.27 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS PLAN FOR THE EMERGENCY SECURITY CONTROL OF AIR TRAFFIC (ESCAT) Procedure for Movement of Air...

  3. 32 CFR 245.27 - Data entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Data entry. 245.27 Section 245.27 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS PLAN FOR THE EMERGENCY SECURITY CONTROL OF AIR TRAFFIC (ESCAT) Procedure for Movement of Air...

  4. 32 CFR 245.27 - Data entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Data entry. 245.27 Section 245.27 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS PLAN FOR THE EMERGENCY SECURITY CONTROL OF AIR TRAFFIC (ESCAT) Procedure for Movement of Air...

  5. 19 CFR 4.8 - Preliminary entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...seeking preliminary entry in advance of arrival must do so: By presenting to Customs the electronic equivalent of a complete CBP Form...or (4), showing all cargo on board the vessel; and by presenting CBP Form 3171 electronically no less than 48 hours...

  6. 19 CFR 4.8 - Preliminary entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...seeking preliminary entry in advance of arrival must do so: By presenting to Customs the electronic equivalent of a complete CBP Form...or (4), showing all cargo on board the vessel; and by presenting CBP Form 3171 electronically no less than 48 hours...

  7. Thinking and Reading for Entry Level Workers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allentown Literacy Council, PA.

    A pilot project demonstrated that cooperative training programs are effective and cost efficient for small businesses. Common entry-level reading and thinking tasks were identified in a variety of occupational areas. Five growing occupational areas were identified: industrial/machine operator; health care; food preparation; hotel/hospitality; and…

  8. Degree Entry Programme Engineering / Key details

    E-print Network

    Painter, Kevin

    Degree Entry Programme Engineering / Computing Key details Duration: 2 semesters (full-time) Delivery type: Day Intake date: September, January Fees: 38000 AED Overview This programme is designed to provide students with a pathway into an undergraduate degree in Engineering or Computing at the Dubai

  9. Degree Entry Programme Design Studies Key details

    E-print Network

    Painter, Kevin

    Degree Entry Programme Design Studies Key details Duration: 2 semesters (full-time) Delivery type: Day Intake date: September, January Fees: 38000 AED Overview This programme is designed to provide students with a pathway into an undergraduate degree programme in the School of Textiles and Design

  10. TEST CELL STUDIES OF RADON ENTRY

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report gives results of a study to contrast the effectiveness of slab-in-stem wall (SSW) with floating slab (FS) construction practices, to measure radon transport and entry for model testing, to develop protocols relevant to depressurized radon measurements, and to determine...

  11. Entry inhibitors: New advances in HCV treatment.

    PubMed

    Qian, Xi-Jing; Zhu, Yong-Zhe; Zhao, Ping; Qi, Zhong-Tian

    2016-01-01

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection affects approximately 3% of the world's population and causes chronic liver diseases, including liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Although current antiviral therapy comprising direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) can achieve a quite satisfying sustained virological response (SVR) rate, it is still limited by viral resistance, long treatment duration, combined adverse reactions, and high costs. Moreover, the currently marketed antivirals fail to prevent graft reinfections in HCV patients who receive liver transplantations, probably due to the cell-to-cell transmission of the virus, which is also one of the main reasons behind treatment failure. HCV entry is a highly orchestrated process involving initial attachment and binding, post-binding interactions with host cell factors, internalization, and fusion between the virion and the host cell membrane. Together, these processes provide multiple novel and promising targets for antiviral therapy. Most entry inhibitors target host cell components with high genetic barriers and eliminate viral infection from the very beginning of the viral life cycle. In future, the addition of entry inhibitors to a combination of treatment regimens might optimize and widen the prevention and treatment of HCV infection. This review summarizes the molecular mechanisms and prospects of the current preclinical and clinical development of antiviral agents targeting HCV entry. PMID:26733381

  12. 32 CFR 770.44 - Entry restrictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... London, Groton, Connecticut § 770.44 Entry restrictions. Except for military personnel, their authorized... upon Naval Submarine Base New London, or remaining thereon by any person for any purpose without the advance consent of the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, or his...

  13. 32 CFR 770.45 - Entry procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ACCESS TO PARTICULAR INSTALLATIONS Base Entry Regulations for Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton... consent of the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, or his authorized representative shall, in writing, submit a request to the Commanding Officer, Naval Submarine Base New London, at...

  14. Puhi-o-Kalaikini Ocean Entry

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    A similar wide shot of the flow field, incorporating more of the coastline west of the ocean entry. Hilina Pali is the cliff face in the background. Small lava channels enter the ocean along a section of the Puhi-o-Kalaikini lava delta....

  15. Infectious Entry Pathway of Enterovirus B Species.

    PubMed

    Marjomäki, Varpu; Turkki, Paula; Huttunen, Moona

    2015-01-01

    Enterovirus B species (EV-B) are responsible for a vast number of mild and serious acute infections. They are also suspected of remaining in the body, where they cause persistent infections contributing to chronic diseases such as type I diabetes. Recent studies of the infectious entry pathway of these viruses revealed remarkable similarities, including non-clathrin entry of large endosomes originating from the plasma membrane invaginations. Many cellular factors regulating the efficient entry have recently been associated with macropinocytic uptake, such as Rac1, serine/threonine p21-activated kinase (Pak1), actin, Na/H exchanger, phospholipace C (PLC) and protein kinase C? (PKC?). Another characteristic feature is the entry of these viruses to neutral endosomes, independence of endosomal acidification and low association with acidic lysosomes. The biogenesis of neutral multivesicular bodies is crucial for their infection, at least for echovirus 1 (E1) and coxsackievirus A9 (CVA9). These pathways are triggered by the virus binding to their receptors on the plasma membrane, and they are not efficiently recycled like other cellular pathways used by circulating receptors. Therefore, the best "markers" of these pathways may be the viruses and often their receptors. A deeper understanding of this pathway and associated endosomes is crucial in elucidating the mechanisms of enterovirus uncoating and genome release from the endosomes to start efficient replication. PMID:26690201

  16. Food Distribution. The Supermarket Entry Occupations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

    This guide is designed to assist the coordinator of the Marketing and Distributive Education Cooperative Education Program in improving and expanding the instructional activities needed to prepare individuals to function in the food industry's entry-level jobs. The instructional material provides information about what is expected of a student…

  17. Entry Level Skills Program Implementation Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Institute for Services to Education, Inc., Washington, DC.

    A guide to the implementation of the Entry Level Skills Program (ELSP) and a conceptual framework for evaluation research is presented. Attention is directed to strategies for the attainment of goals and management of the ELSP project, which is a developmental program for freshmen students who have not acquired the full range or level of cognitive…

  18. Puhi-o-Kalaikini Ocean Entry

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    The Puhi-o-Kalaikini ocean entry, which is almost 1 km (0.6 mi) long, continues to host a medium size steam plume near the center of the delta. Hidden from view in this photograph, another small plume to the west rises from the same delta, where a stream of lava enters the ocean....

  19. Simplified modeling for infiltration and radon entry

    SciTech Connect

    Sherman, M.H.

    1992-08-01

    Air leakage in the envelopes of residential buildings is the primary mechanism for provided ventilation to those buildings. For radon the same mechanisms that drive the ventilation, drive the radon entry This paper attempts to provide a simplified physical model that can be used to understand the interactions between the building leakage distribution, the forces that drive infiltration and ventilation, and indoor radon concentrations, Combining both ventilation and entry modeling together allows an estimation of Radon concentration and exposure to be made and demonstrates how changes in the envelope or ventilation system would affect it. This paper will develop simplified modeling approaches for estimating both ventilation rate and radon entry rate based on the air tightness of the envelope and the driving forces. These approaches will use conventional leakage values (i.e. effective leakage area ) to quantify the air tightness and include natural and mechanical driving forces. This paper will introduce a simplified parameter, the Radon Leakage Area, that quantifies the resistance to radon entry. To be practical for dwellings, modeling of the occupant exposures to indoor pollutants must be simple to use and not require unreasonable input data. This paper presents the derivation of the simplified physical model, and applies that model to representative situations to explore the tendencies to be expected under different circumstances.

  20. Infectious Entry Pathway of Enterovirus B Species

    PubMed Central

    Marjomäki, Varpu; Turkki, Paula; Huttunen, Moona

    2015-01-01

    Enterovirus B species (EV-B) are responsible for a vast number of mild and serious acute infections. They are also suspected of remaining in the body, where they cause persistent infections contributing to chronic diseases such as type I diabetes. Recent studies of the infectious entry pathway of these viruses revealed remarkable similarities, including non-clathrin entry of large endosomes originating from the plasma membrane invaginations. Many cellular factors regulating the efficient entry have recently been associated with macropinocytic uptake, such as Rac1, serine/threonine p21-activated kinase (Pak1), actin, Na/H exchanger, phospholipace C (PLC) and protein kinase C? (PKC?). Another characteristic feature is the entry of these viruses to neutral endosomes, independence of endosomal acidification and low association with acidic lysosomes. The biogenesis of neutral multivesicular bodies is crucial for their infection, at least for echovirus 1 (E1) and coxsackievirus A9 (CVA9). These pathways are triggered by the virus binding to their receptors on the plasma membrane, and they are not efficiently recycled like other cellular pathways used by circulating receptors. Therefore, the best “markers” of these pathways may be the viruses and often their receptors. A deeper understanding of this pathway and associated endosomes is crucial in elucidating the mechanisms of enterovirus uncoating and genome release from the endosomes to start efficient replication. PMID:26690201

  1. CATER: An online problem tracking facility for SLC

    SciTech Connect

    Sass, R.C.; Shoaee, H.

    1993-05-01

    An online facility has been developed for SLC to organize and simplify the management of all problems encountered in the operation of the accelerator. CATER (Computer Aided Trouble Entry and Reporting) may be used to make the initial entry of a problem, to enter one or more solutions to a problem, to modify or closeout a problem, to generate a variety of pre-defined reports giving status and statistical summaries, and to allow anyone to browse the database. All phases of CATER can take place on the operator console, workstations, or on any ANSI compatible terminal. The user interface is designed around a menu driven windowed environment with a large amount of context sensitive help information to alleviate the need for consulting user documentation. Currently, the CATER database contains information on more than 30,000 problems entered since it went online in January of 1988. The features of the software and some implementation details will be presented.

  2. Shuttle Entry Imaging Using Infrared Thermography

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Horvath, Thomas; Berry, Scott; Alter, Stephen; Blanchard, Robert; Schwartz, Richard; Ross, Martin; Tack, Steve

    2007-01-01

    During the Columbia Accident Investigation, imaging teams supporting debris shedding analysis were hampered by poor entry image quality and the general lack of information on optical signatures associated with a nominal Shuttle entry. After the accident, recommendations were made to NASA management to develop and maintain a state-of-the-art imagery database for Shuttle engineering performance assessments and to improve entry imaging capability to support anomaly and contingency analysis during a mission. As a result, the Space Shuttle Program sponsored an observation campaign to qualitatively characterize a nominal Shuttle entry over the widest possible Mach number range. The initial objectives focused on an assessment of capability to identify/resolve debris liberated from the Shuttle during entry, characterization of potential anomalous events associated with RCS jet firings and unusual phenomenon associated with the plasma trail. The aeroheating technical community viewed the Space Shuttle Program sponsored activity as an opportunity to influence the observation objectives and incrementally demonstrate key elements of a quantitative spatially resolved temperature measurement capability over a series of flights. One long-term desire of the Shuttle engineering community is to calibrate boundary layer transition prediction methodologies that are presently part of the Shuttle damage assessment process using flight data provided by a controlled Shuttle flight experiment. Quantitative global imaging may offer a complementary method of data collection to more traditional methods such as surface thermocouples. This paper reviews the process used by the engineering community to influence data collection methods and analysis of global infrared images of the Shuttle obtained during hypersonic entry. Emphasis is placed upon airborne imaging assets sponsored by the Shuttle program during Return to Flight. Visual and IR entry imagery were obtained with available airborne imaging platforms used within DoD along with agency assets developed and optimized for use during Shuttle ascent to demonstrate capability (i.e., tracking, acquisition of multispectral data, spatial resolution) and identify system limitations (i.e., radiance modeling, saturation) using state-of-the-art imaging instrumentation and communication systems. Global infrared intensity data have been transformed to temperature by comparison to Shuttle flight thermocouple data. Reasonable agreement is found between the flight thermography images and numerical prediction. A discussion of lessons learned and potential application to a potential Shuttle boundary layer transition flight test is presented.

  3. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... (b) Format. The following format, including hyphens, must be used when showing the entry number: XXX-NNNNNNN-N XXX represents an entry filer code assigned by CBP, NNNNNNN is a unique number which is assigned by the broker...

  4. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (b) Format. The following format, including hyphens, must be used when showing the entry number: XXX-NNNNNNN-N XXX represents an entry filer code assigned by CBP, NNNNNNN is a unique number which is assigned by the broker...

  5. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... (b) Format. The following format, including hyphens, must be used when showing the entry number: XXX-NNNNNNN-N XXX represents an entry filer code assigned by CBP, NNNNNNN is a unique number which is assigned by the broker...

  6. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... (b) Format. The following format, including hyphens, must be used when showing the entry number: XXX-NNNNNNN-N XXX represents an entry filer code assigned by CBP, NNNNNNN is a unique number which is assigned by the broker...

  7. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... (b) Format. The following format, including hyphens, must be used when showing the entry number: XXX-NNNNNNN-N XXX represents an entry filer code assigned by CBP, NNNNNNN is a unique number which is assigned by the broker...

  8. 38 CFR 21.8022 - Entry and reentry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam Veterans and Veterans with Covered Service in Korea-Spina Bifida and Covered Birth Defects Basic Entitlement Requirements § 21.8022 Entry and reentry. (a) Date of program entry. VA may...

  9. 38 CFR 21.8022 - Entry and reentry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam Veterans and Veterans with Covered Service in Korea-Spina Bifida and Covered Birth Defects Basic Entitlement Requirements § 21.8022 Entry and reentry. (a) Date of program entry. VA may...

  10. 38 CFR 21.8022 - Entry and reentry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam Veterans and Veterans with Covered Service in Korea-Spina Bifida and Covered Birth Defects Basic Entitlement Requirements § 21.8022 Entry and reentry. (a) Date of program entry. VA may...

  11. 7 CFR 330.104 - Ports of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FEDERAL PLANT PEST REGULATIONS; GENERAL; PLANT PESTS; SOIL, STONE, AND QUARRY PRODUCTS; GARBAGE General Provisions § 330.104 Ports of entry. Ports of entry for...

  12. 7 CFR 330.104 - Ports of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FEDERAL PLANT PEST REGULATIONS; GENERAL; PLANT PESTS; SOIL, STONE, AND QUARRY PRODUCTS; GARBAGE General Provisions § 330.104 Ports of entry. Ports of entry for...

  13. 7 CFR 330.104 - Ports of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FEDERAL PLANT PEST REGULATIONS; GENERAL; PLANT PESTS; SOIL, STONE, AND QUARRY PRODUCTS; GARBAGE General Provisions § 330.104 Ports of entry. Ports of entry for...

  14. Stair and entry room, bunkhouse, first floor interior. Door from ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Stair and entry room, bunkhouse, first floor interior. Door from entry hall leads to toilets and bathing rooms. A coat and hat rack is on each side of the door. - Sespe Ranch, Bunkhouse, 2896 Telegraph Road, Fillmore, Ventura County, CA

  15. 15 CFR 2011.204 - Entry of specialty sugars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 false Entry of specialty sugars. 2011.204 Section 2011.204 Commerce...ALLOCATION OF TARIFF-RATE QUOTA ON IMPORTED SUGARS, SYRUPS AND MOLASSES Specialty Sugar § 2011.204 Entry of specialty...

  16. 15 CFR 2011.204 - Entry of specialty sugars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 false Entry of specialty sugars. 2011.204 Section 2011.204 Commerce...ALLOCATION OF TARIFF-RATE QUOTA ON IMPORTED SUGARS, SYRUPS AND MOLASSES Specialty Sugar § 2011.204 Entry of specialty...

  17. 15 CFR 2011.204 - Entry of specialty sugars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 false Entry of specialty sugars. 2011.204 Section 2011.204 Commerce...ALLOCATION OF TARIFF-RATE QUOTA ON IMPORTED SUGARS, SYRUPS AND MOLASSES Specialty Sugar § 2011.204 Entry of specialty...

  18. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...) Format. The following format, including hyphens, must be used when showing the entry number: XXX-NNNNNNN-N XXX represents an entry filer code assigned by CBP, NNNNNNN is a unique number which is...

  19. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...) Format. The following format, including hyphens, must be used when showing the entry number: XXX-NNNNNNN-N XXX represents an entry filer code assigned by CBP, NNNNNNN is a unique number which is...

  20. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...) Format. The following format, including hyphens, must be used when showing the entry number: XXX-NNNNNNN-N XXX represents an entry filer code assigned by CBP, NNNNNNN is a unique number which is...

  1. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...) Format. The following format, including hyphens, must be used when showing the entry number: XXX-NNNNNNN-N XXX represents an entry filer code assigned by CBP, NNNNNNN is a unique number which is...

  2. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) Format. The following format, including hyphens, must be used when showing the entry number: XXX-NNNNNNN-N XXX represents an entry filer code assigned by CBP, NNNNNNN is a unique number which is...

  3. 19 CFR 122.158 - Other entry and clearance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Flights to and From Cuba § 122.158 Other entry and clearance requirements. All other provisions of this part relating to entry and clearance...

  4. 19 CFR 122.158 - Other entry and clearance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Flights to and From Cuba § 122.158 Other entry and clearance requirements. All other provisions of this part relating to entry and clearance...

  5. 19 CFR 122.158 - Other entry and clearance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Flights to and From Cuba § 122.158 Other entry and clearance requirements. All other provisions of this part relating to entry and clearance...

  6. 19 CFR 122.158 - Other entry and clearance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Flights to and From Cuba § 122.158 Other entry and clearance requirements. All other provisions of this part relating to entry and clearance...

  7. 19 CFR 122.158 - Other entry and clearance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Flights to and From Cuba § 122.158 Other entry and clearance requirements. All other provisions of this part relating to entry and clearance...

  8. 15 CFR 2011.204 - Entry of specialty sugars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2011-01-01 false Entry of specialty sugars. 2011.204 Section 2011.204 Commerce...ALLOCATION OF TARIFF-RATE QUOTA ON IMPORTED SUGARS, SYRUPS AND MOLASSES Specialty Sugar § 2011.204 Entry of specialty...

  9. 15 CFR 2011.204 - Entry of specialty sugars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 false Entry of specialty sugars. 2011.204 Section 2011.204 Commerce...ALLOCATION OF TARIFF-RATE QUOTA ON IMPORTED SUGARS, SYRUPS AND MOLASSES Specialty Sugar § 2011.204 Entry of specialty...

  10. 7 CFR 330.104 - Ports of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FEDERAL PLANT PEST REGULATIONS; GENERAL; PLANT PESTS; SOIL, STONE, AND QUARRY PRODUCTS; GARBAGE General Provisions § 330.104 Ports of entry. Ports of entry for...

  11. 9. INTERIOR, VIEW SHOWING MAIN STAIRWAY AND ENTRY HALL THROUGH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. INTERIOR, VIEW SHOWING MAIN STAIRWAY AND ENTRY HALL THROUGH ENTRY INTO PARLOR. TAKEN FROM SOUTHWEST CORNER OF PARLOR, LOOKING NORTHWEST - Farquhar House, 1601 Sandy Spring Road (Route 108), Sandy Spring, Montgomery County, MD

  12. 9 CFR 93.426 - Inspection at port of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Ruminants Mexico 10 § 93.426 Inspection at port of entry. (a) All ruminants offered for entry from Mexico, including such ruminants intended for movement through the United...

  13. 9 CFR 93.426 - Inspection at port of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Ruminants Mexico 10 § 93.426 Inspection at port of entry. (a) All ruminants offered for entry from Mexico, including such ruminants intended for movement through the United...

  14. 9 CFR 93.426 - Inspection at port of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Ruminants Mexico 10 § 93.426 Inspection at port of entry. (a) All ruminants offered for entry from Mexico, including such ruminants intended for movement through the United...

  15. 9 CFR 93.426 - Inspection at port of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Ruminants Mexico 10 § 93.426 Inspection at port of entry. (a) All ruminants offered for entry from Mexico, including such ruminants intended for movement through the United...

  16. 9 CFR 93.426 - Inspection at port of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Ruminants Mexico 10 § 93.426 Inspection at port of entry. (a) All ruminants offered for entry from Mexico, including such ruminants intended for movement through the United...

  17. 78 FR 38069 - Expansion of Global Entry to Additional Airports

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-25

    ...Airports CBP is expanding the Global Entry program to include the...Carolina (RDU); Salt Lake City International Airport, Salt Lake City, Utah (SLC); San Antonio...Tampa, Florida (TPA). Global Entry is now operational...

  18. 7 CFR 330.104 - Ports of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FEDERAL PLANT PEST REGULATIONS; GENERAL; PLANT PESTS; SOIL, STONE, AND QUARRY PRODUCTS; GARBAGE General Provisions § 330.104 Ports of entry. Ports of entry for...

  19. 19 CFR 151.64 - Extra copy of entry summary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Wool and Hair § 151.64 Extra copy of entry summary. One extra copy of the entry summary covering wool or hair subject to duty at a rate...

  20. 19 CFR 151.64 - Extra copy of entry summary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Wool and Hair § 151.64 Extra copy of entry summary. One extra copy of the entry summary covering wool or hair subject to duty at a rate...

  1. 19 CFR 151.64 - Extra copy of entry summary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Wool and Hair § 151.64 Extra copy of entry summary. One extra copy of the entry summary covering wool or hair subject to duty at a rate...

  2. 19 CFR 151.64 - Extra copy of entry summary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Wool and Hair § 151.64 Extra copy of entry summary. One extra copy of the entry summary covering wool or hair subject to duty at a rate...

  3. 19 CFR 151.64 - Extra copy of entry summary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Wool and Hair § 151.64 Extra copy of entry summary. One extra copy of the entry summary covering wool or hair subject to duty at a rate...

  4. 19 CFR 18.11 - Entry; classes of goods for which entry is authorized; form used.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... citations affecting § 18.11, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids... administered by the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine shall be forwarded under such entries only...

  5. University Student Online Plagiarism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Yu-mei

    2008-01-01

    This article reports a study investigating university student online plagiarism. The following questions are investigated: (a) What is the incidence of student online plagiarism? (b) What are student perceptions regarding online plagiarism? (c) Are there any differences in terms of student perceptions of online plagiarism and print plagiarism? (d)…

  6. Library Online Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Folda, Linda; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Issues related to library online systems are discussed in six articles. Topics covered include staff education through vendor demonstrations, evaluation of online public access catalogs, the impact of integrated online systems on cataloging operations, the merits of smart and dumb barcodes, and points to consider in planning for the next online

  7. Analyzing Online Behaviors, Roles, and Learning Communities via Online Discussions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeh, Yu-Chu

    2010-01-01

    Online learning communities are an important means of sharing and creating knowledge. Online behaviors and online roles can reveal how online learning communities function. However, no study has elucidated the relationships among online behaviors, online roles, and online learning communities. In this study, 32 preservice teachers participated in…

  8. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Entry numbers. 142.3a Section 142.3a Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ENTRY PROCESS Entry Documentation § 142.3a Entry numbers. (a) Placement on CBP forms. The importer or broker shall place an 11...

  9. Apollo experience report: Mission planning for Apollo entry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Graves, C. A.; Harpold, J. C.

    1972-01-01

    The problems encountered and the experience gained in the entry mission plans, flight software, trajectory-monitoring procedures, and backup trajectory-control techniques of the Apollo Program should provide a foundation upon which future spacecraft programs can be developed. Descriptions of these entry activities are presented. Also, to provide additional background information needed for discussion of the Apollo entry experience, descriptions of the entry targeting for the Apollo 11 mission and the postflight analysis of the Apollo 10 mission are presented.

  10. Arts & Science Co-op Launches New Online Community "A place for co-op students to come together, learn, share and have fun."

    E-print Network

    Wismath, Stephen

    Blogs) · Events (Co-op Events) · On-line Chat (Online "Office Hours") · Photo Galleries · Video have volunteered to provide work term blog entries from their current co-op work term experiences. Blog highlighting specific topics. #12;Events Using the Events function allows us to advertise and manage attendance

  11. W170W173 Nucleic Acids Research, 2009, Vol. 37, Web Server issue Published online 29 May 2009 doi:10.1093/nar/gkp440

    E-print Network

    Rubin, Daniel L.

    W170­W173 Nucleic Acids Research, 2009, Vol. 37, Web Server issue Published online 29 May 2009 doi investigators, clinicians, and developers `one-stop shopping' to programmatically access biomedical ontologies online (e.g. entries in GEO, ClinicalTrials.gov) with ontologies in BioPortal. The index links

  12. Attitudes toward buying online.

    PubMed

    Yang, Bijou; Lester, David

    2004-02-01

    A survey of 11 positive features and 10 discouraging features of online shopping was carried out on 180 students and identified certain behavioral patterns for online shoppers versus non-shoppers. It was found that online shoppers have consistently stronger positive feelings about online shopping than do non-shoppers. On the other hand, non-shoppers have more negative feelings about online shopping than do shoppers, but not consistently so. Online shoppers are aware of some of the discouraging features of online shopping, but these features do not deter them from shopping online. The implication for marketers is that they should focus on making the experience of online shopping more accommodating and more user-friendly since the positive features of online shopping ("convenience" and "efficiency") appear to be more important than the negative features ("effort/impersonality"). PMID:15006173

  13. Analytic Guidance for the First Entry in a Skip Atmospheric Entry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garcia-Llama, Eduardo

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents an analytic method to generate a reference drag trajectory for the first entry portion of a skip atmospheric entry. The drag reference, expressed as a polynomial function of the velocity, will meet the conditions necessary to fit the requirements of the complete entry phase. The generic method proposed to generate the drag reference profile is further simplified by thinking of the drag and the velocity as density and cumulative distribution functions respectively. With this notion it will be shown that the reference drag profile can be obtained by solving a linear algebraic system of equations. The resulting drag profile is flown using the feedback linearization method of differential geometric control as guidance law with the error dynamics of a second order homogeneous equation in the form of a damped oscillator. This approach was first proposed as a revisited version of the Space Shuttle Orbiter entry guidance. However, this paper will show that it can be used to fly the first entry in a skip entry trajectory. In doing so, the gains in the error dynamics will be changed at a certain point along the trajectory to improve the tracking performance.

  14. 36 CFR 13.1160 - Restrictions on vessel entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Restrictions on vessel entry... Vessel Permits § 13.1160 Restrictions on vessel entry. The superintendent will allow vessel entry in accordance with the following table: Type of vessel Daily vesselquotas (DVQ) Period covered by DVQ...

  15. 32 CFR 809a.1 - Random installation entry point checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Random installation entry point checks. 809a.1... Entry Policy § 809a.1 Random installation entry point checks. The installation commander determines when, where, and how to implement random checks of vehicles or pedestrians. The commander conducts...

  16. 32 CFR 809a.1 - Random installation entry point checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Random installation entry point checks. 809a.1... Entry Policy § 809a.1 Random installation entry point checks. The installation commander determines when, where, and how to implement random checks of vehicles or pedestrians. The commander conducts...

  17. AN ENTRY OF RAMANUJAN ON HYPERGEOMETRIC SERIES IN HIS NOTEBOOKS

    E-print Network

    Krattenthaler, Christian

    AN ENTRY OF RAMANUJAN ON HYPERGEOMETRIC SERIES IN HIS NOTEBOOKS. 1. Introduction In the Notebooks of Ramanujan, identities for hypergeometric series occupy a 1910-1912 (see Entry 1* * in Chapter XII of Notebook 1 and in the corresponding Entry 1 in Chapter X

  18. 19 CFR 141.68 - Time of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... merchandise is released under the immediate delivery procedure. The time of entry of merchandise released under the immediate delivery procedure will be the time the entry summary is filed in proper form, with... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Time of entry. 141.68 Section 141.68...

  19. 8 CFR 235.12 - Global Entry program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... at 8 CFR 103.7(b)(1)(ii)(M) for “Global Entry” at the time of application. The fee is to be paid to... being brought into the United States pursuant to 19 CFR 148.11. A Global Entry participant will be... participant on the date that Global Entry is used. Pursuant to the enforcement provisions of 19 CFR Part...

  20. 8 CFR 235.12 - Global Entry program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... at 8 CFR 103.7(b)(1)(ii)(M) for “Global Entry” at the time of application. The fee is to be paid to... being brought into the United States pursuant to 19 CFR 148.11. A Global Entry participant will be... participant on the date that Global Entry is used. Pursuant to the enforcement provisions of 19 CFR Part...

  1. 31 CFR 337.6 - Conversions to book-entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Conversions to book-entry. 337.6... HOUSING ADMINISTRATION DEBENTURES Certificated Debentures § 337.6 Conversions to book-entry. Upon implementation of the book-entry debenture system, to be announced in advance by separate public notice, all...

  2. 31 CFR 337.6 - Conversions to book-entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Conversions to book-entry. 337.6... HOUSING ADMINISTRATION DEBENTURES Certificated Debentures § 337.6 Conversions to book-entry. Upon implementation of the book-entry debenture system, to be announced in advance by separate public notice, all...

  3. 31 CFR 337.6 - Conversions to book-entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Conversions to book-entry. 337.6... HOUSING ADMINISTRATION DEBENTURES Certificated Debentures § 337.6 Conversions to book-entry. Upon implementation of the book-entry debenture system, to be announced in advance by separate public notice, all...

  4. 31 CFR 337.6 - Conversions to book-entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Conversions to book-entry. 337.6... FEDERAL HOUSING ADMINISTRATION DEBENTURES Certificated Debentures § 337.6 Conversions to book-entry. Upon implementation of the book-entry debenture system, to be announced in advance by separate public notice, all...

  5. 31 CFR 357.0 - Book-entry systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Book-entry systems. 357.0 Section 357...THE PUBLIC DEBT REGULATIONS GOVERNING BOOK-ENTRY TREASURY BONDS, NOTES AND BILLS...DIRECT General Information § 357.0 Book-entry systems. (a) Treasury...

  6. 31 CFR 357.0 - Book-entry systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Book-entry systems. 357.0 Section 357...THE PUBLIC DEBT REGULATIONS GOVERNING BOOK-ENTRY TREASURY BONDS, NOTES AND BILLS...DIRECT General Information § 357.0 Book-entry systems. (a) Treasury...

  7. 31 CFR 357.0 - Book-entry systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Book-entry systems. 357.0 Section 357...FISCAL SERVICE REGULATIONS GOVERNING BOOK-ENTRY TREASURY BONDS, NOTES AND BILLS...DIRECT General Information § 357.0 Book-entry systems. (a) Treasury...

  8. 19 CFR 143.16 - Substitution of warehouse entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Substitution of warehouse entry. 143.16 Section 143.16 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT... warehouse entry. The importer may substitute an entry for warehouse at any time within 1 year from the...

  9. 19 CFR 143.16 - Substitution of warehouse entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Substitution of warehouse entry. 143.16 Section 143.16 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT... warehouse entry. The importer may substitute an entry for warehouse at any time within 1 year from the...

  10. 19 CFR 143.16 - Substitution of warehouse entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Substitution of warehouse entry. 143.16 Section 143.16 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT... warehouse entry. The importer may substitute an entry for warehouse at any time within 1 year from the...

  11. 36 CFR 13.1160 - Restrictions on vessel entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Restrictions on vessel entry... Vessel Permits § 13.1160 Restrictions on vessel entry. The superintendent will allow vessel entry in accordance with the following table: Type of vessel Daily vesselquotas (DVQ) Period covered by DVQ...

  12. 30 CFR 75.326 - Mean entry air velocity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Mean entry air velocity. 75.326 Section 75.326... MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Ventilation § 75.326 Mean entry air velocity. In exhausting face ventilation systems, the mean entry air velocity shall be at least 60 feet per...

  13. 30 CFR 75.326 - Mean entry air velocity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Mean entry air velocity. 75.326 Section 75.326... MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Ventilation § 75.326 Mean entry air velocity. In exhausting face ventilation systems, the mean entry air velocity shall be at least 60 feet per...

  14. 30 CFR 75.326 - Mean entry air velocity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Mean entry air velocity. 75.326 Section 75.326... MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Ventilation § 75.326 Mean entry air velocity. In exhausting face ventilation systems, the mean entry air velocity shall be at least 60 feet per...

  15. 30 CFR 75.326 - Mean entry air velocity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Mean entry air velocity. 75.326 Section 75.326... MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Ventilation § 75.326 Mean entry air velocity. In exhausting face ventilation systems, the mean entry air velocity shall be at least 60 feet per...

  16. 30 CFR 75.326 - Mean entry air velocity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mean entry air velocity. 75.326 Section 75.326... MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Ventilation § 75.326 Mean entry air velocity. In exhausting face ventilation systems, the mean entry air velocity shall be at least 60 feet per...

  17. 9 CFR 98.9 - Embryos refused entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Embryos refused entry. 98.9 Section 98... EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos from Regions Free of Rinderpest and Foot-and-Mouth Disease; and Embryos of Horses and Asses § 98.9 Embryos refused entry. Any embryo refused entry into...

  18. 9 CFR 98.9 - Embryos refused entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Embryos refused entry. 98.9 Section 98... EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos from Regions Free of Rinderpest and Foot-and-Mouth Disease; and Embryos of Horses and Asses § 98.9 Embryos refused entry. Any embryo refused entry into...

  19. 9 CFR 98.9 - Embryos refused entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Embryos refused entry. 98.9 Section 98... EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos from Regions Free of Rinderpest and Foot-and-Mouth Disease; and Embryos of Horses and Asses § 98.9 Embryos refused entry. Any embryo refused entry into...

  20. 9 CFR 98.9 - Embryos refused entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Embryos refused entry. 98.9 Section 98... EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos from Regions Free of Rinderpest and Foot-and-Mouth Disease; and Embryos of Horses and Asses § 98.9 Embryos refused entry. Any embryo refused entry into...

  1. 9 CFR 98.9 - Embryos refused entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Embryos refused entry. 98.9 Section 98... EMBRYOS AND ANIMAL SEMEN Ruminant and Swine Embryos from Regions Free of Rinderpest and Foot-and-Mouth Disease; and Embryos of Horses and Asses § 98.9 Embryos refused entry. Any embryo refused entry into...

  2. 78 FR 38069 - Expansion of Global Entry to Additional Airports

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-25

    ... Register on February 6, 2012 (77 FR 5681), promulgated the regulation to establish Global Entry as an... FR 17492.) Travelers who wish to participate in Global Entry must apply via the CBP Global Entry Web...); Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Atlanta, Georgia (ATL); Chicago O'Hare...

  3. 77 FR 5681 - Establishment of Global Entry Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-06

    ... an international trusted traveler program called Global Entry. See 74 FR 59932. As described in the..., please refer to the Global Entry pilot notice published on April 11, 2008 (73 FR 19861) and the Global Entry NPRM published on November 19, 2009 (74 FR 59932). As explained in the NPRM, CBP published...

  4. 9 CFR 590.430 - Limitation on entry of material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION INSPECTION OF EGGS AND EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Entry of Material into Official Egg Products Plants § 590.430 Limitation on entry of material. (a) The Administrator shall limit the entry of eggs and egg products and other materials into official plants under...

  5. 9 CFR 590.430 - Limitation on entry of material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION INSPECTION OF EGGS AND EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Entry of Material into Official Egg Products Plants § 590.430 Limitation on entry of material. (a) The Administrator shall limit the entry of eggs and egg products and other materials into official plants under...

  6. 9 CFR 590.430 - Limitation on entry of material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION INSPECTION OF EGGS AND EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Entry of Material into Official Egg Products Plants § 590.430 Limitation on entry of material. (a) The Administrator shall limit the entry of eggs and egg products and other materials into official plants under...

  7. 9 CFR 590.430 - Limitation on entry of material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION INSPECTION OF EGGS AND EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Entry of Material into Official Egg Products Plants § 590.430 Limitation on entry of material. (a) The Administrator shall limit the entry of eggs and egg products and other materials into official plants under...

  8. 9 CFR 590.430 - Limitation on entry of material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION INSPECTION OF EGGS AND EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Entry of Material into Official Egg Products Plants § 590.430 Limitation on entry of material. (a) The Administrator shall limit the entry of eggs and egg products and other materials into official plants under...

  9. Rocket rendezvous at preassigned destinations with optimum entry trajectories

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nangia, A. K.

    Optimum entry rendezvous trajectories of commuter rockets between initial noncoaxial coplanar elliptic orbits and destination orbits in an inverse square gravitational field have been determined. Results are presented for an optimum entry rendezvous between earth and Mars. For a given interception angle, the results show that the launch angle for optimum entry rendezvous is smaller than that for the optimum exit rendezvous.

  10. 31 CFR 357.0 - Book-entry systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Book-entry systems. 357.0 Section 357...THE PUBLIC DEBT REGULATIONS GOVERNING BOOK-ENTRY TREASURY BONDS, NOTES AND BILLS...DIRECT General Information § 357.0 Book-entry systems. (a) Treasury...

  11. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... importer or broker shall place an 11 character entry number on the entry and corresponding entry summary documentation. For documentation prepared on data processing equipment, the number shall be printed directly on the form. For manually prepared documentation, the number shall be pre-printed in a machine...

  12. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... importer or broker shall place an 11 character entry number on the entry and corresponding entry summary documentation. For documentation prepared on data processing equipment, the number shall be printed directly on the form. For manually prepared documentation, the number shall be pre-printed in a machine...

  13. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... importer or broker shall place an 11 character entry number on the entry and corresponding entry summary documentation. For documentation prepared on data processing equipment, the number shall be printed directly on the form. For manually prepared documentation, the number shall be pre-printed in a machine...

  14. 19 CFR 142.3a - Entry numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... importer or broker shall place an 11 character entry number on the entry and corresponding entry summary documentation. For documentation prepared on data processing equipment, the number shall be printed directly on the form. For manually prepared documentation, the number shall be pre-printed in a machine...

  15. 31 CFR 337.6 - Conversions to book-entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... HOUSING ADMINISTRATION DEBENTURES Certificated Debentures § 337.6 Conversions to book-entry. Upon implementation of the book-entry debenture system, to be announced in advance by separate public notice, all new debentures will be issued only in book-entry form, and may not thereafter be converted to certificated...

  16. 9 CFR 93.220 - Inspection at port of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Inspection at port of entry. 93.220... FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Poultry Mexico 8 § 93.220 Inspection at port of entry... the United States in bond for immediate return to Mexico, shall be inspected at the port of entry,...

  17. 9 CFR 93.220 - Inspection at port of entry.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Inspection at port of entry. 93.220... FOR MEANS OF CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Poultry Mexico 8 § 93.220 Inspection at port of entry... the United States in bond for immediate return to Mexico, shall be inspected at the port of entry,...

  18. 19 CFR 145.12 - Entry of merchandise.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Merchandise released under a mail or informal entry shall be...port director shall stamp all mail articles in the shipment to...of merchandise may be passed free of duty without issuing an entry...Unaccompanied shipments —(1) Mail entry to be attached. If...

  19. 19 CFR 145.12 - Entry of merchandise.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Merchandise released under a mail or informal entry shall be...port director shall stamp all mail articles in the shipment to...of merchandise may be passed free of duty without issuing an entry...Unaccompanied shipments —(1) Mail entry to be attached. If...

  20. 19 CFR 145.12 - Entry of merchandise.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Merchandise released under a mail or informal entry shall be...port director shall stamp all mail articles in the shipment to...of merchandise may be passed free of duty without issuing an entry...Unaccompanied shipments —(1) Mail entry to be attached. If...