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1

Sailor: Maryland's Online Public Information Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sailor - Maryland's Information Network - provides general Maryland government information and a wide variety of Internet jump-points. The gopher is run by the Pratt Free Library and also has local dialup numbers in Maryland.

1999-01-01

2

Sailor: Maryland's Online Public Information Network. Sailor Network Assessment Final Report Compendium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compendium is a companion document to the Maryland Sailor Online Public Information Network assessment final report, and contains detailed study findings, study data collection activity write-ups, detailed methodologies, data collection tools, and consultant notes on the uses of the study's data collection instruments. The purpose of the…

Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.

3

The Public Library on the Electronic Frontier: Starting a Community Online Information System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details the Rockford (Illinois) Public Library's activities involved with developing a community online information system and the not-for-profit organization established to run the system. Includes mission statement; guiding principles, policy statements; standing committees and goals for first year of operation; funding; adding users and…

Fox, Carol J.

1995-01-01

4

Sailor: Maryland's Online Public Information Network. Sailor Network Assessment Final Report: Findings and Future Sailor Network Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the results of an assessment of Sailor, Maryland's Online Public Information Network, which provides statewide Internet connection to 100% of Maryland public libraries. The concept of a "statewide networked environment" includes information services, products, hardware and software, telecommunications infrastructure, and…

Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.

5

Online First publication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The editors of Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology and Springer-Verlag are pleased to announce a new service for authors and readers: Online First, the immediate online publication of all accepted papers as soon as the authors have returned the corrected proofs. Whereas the fully electronic versions of Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology used to appear at the same time as

Gerhard A. Holzapfel; Jay D. Humphrey

2003-01-01

6

The Difference in the Online Medical Information Searching Behaviors of Hospital Patients and Their Relatives versus the General Public  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is two-fold: to explore the differences in online medical information searching behaviors, including evaluative standards and search strategies, of the general public (general group) and those of hospital patients and their relatives (hospital group); and to compare the predictive relationship between the evaluative…

Wang, Hung-Yuan; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-01-01

7

Improving Digital Skills for the Use of Online Public Information and Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are recent indications regarding the use of online public services that force the government to focus on the more refined conceptualizations digital divide research has produced. This paper addresses one of the factors that appears to be important in several conceptualizations of how to approach the digital divide; the differential…

van Deursen, A. J. A. M.; van Dijk, J. A. G. M.

2009-01-01

8

TOXLINE (TOXICOLOGY INFORMATION ONLINE)  

EPA Science Inventory

TOXLINE? (TOXicology information onLINE) are the National Library of Medicines extensive collection of online bibliographic information covering the pharmacological, biochemical, physiological, and toxicological effects of drugs and other chemicals. TOXLINE and TOXLINE65 together...

9

Keeping Public Information Public.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the trend toward the transfer of federal government information from the public domain to the private sector. Topics include free access, privatization, information-policy revision, accountability, copyright issues, costs, pricing, and market needs versus public needs. (LRW)

Kelley, Wayne P.

1998-01-01

10

Major Infection Events Over 5 Years: How Is Media Coverage Influencing Online Information Needs of Health Care Professionals and the Public?  

PubMed Central

Background The last decade witnessed turbulent events in public health. Emerging infections, increase of antimicrobial resistance, deliberately released threats and ongoing battles with common illnesses were amplified by the spread of disease through increased international travel. The Internet has dramatically changed the availability of information about outbreaks; however, little research has been done in comparing the online behavior of public and professionals around the same events and the effect of media coverage of outbreaks on information needs. Objective To investigate professional and public online information needs around major infection outbreaks and correlate these with media coverage. Questions include (1) How do health care professionals’ online needs for public health and infection control information differ from those of the public?, (2) Does dramatic media coverage of outbreaks contribute to the information needs among the public?, and (3) How do incidents of diseases and major policy events relate to the information needs of professionals? Methods We used three longitudinal time-based datasets from mid-2006 until end of 2010: (1) a unique record of professional online behavior on UK infection portals: National electronic Library of Infection and National Resource of Infection Control (NeLI/NRIC), (2) equivalent public online information needs (Google Trends), and (3) relevant media coverage (LexisNexis). Analysis of NeLI/NRIC logs identified the highest interest around six major infectious diseases: Clostridium difficile (C difficile)/Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), tuberculosis, meningitis, norovirus, and influenza. After pre-processing, the datasets were analyzed and triangulated with each other. Results Public information needs were more static, following the actual disease occurrence less than those of professionals, whose needs increase with public health events (eg, MRSA/C difficile) and the release of major national policies or important documents. Media coverage of events resulted in major public interest (eg, the 2007/2008 UK outbreak of C difficile/MRSA). An exception was norovirus, showing a seasonal pattern for both public and professionals, which matched the periodic disease occurrence. Meningitis was a clear example of a disease with heightened media coverage tending to focus on individual and celebrity cases. Influenza was a major concern during the 2009 H1N1 outbreak creating massive public interest in line with the spring and autumn peaks in cases; although in autumn 2009, there was no corresponding increase in media coverage. Online resources play an increasing role in fulfilling professionals’ and public information needs. Conclusions Significant factors related to a surge of professional interest around a disease were typically key publications and major policy changes. Public interests seem more static and correlate with media influence but to a lesser extent than expected. The only exception was norovirus, exhibiting online public and professional interest correlating with seasonal occurrences of the disease. Public health agencies with responsibility for risk communication of public health events, in particular during outbreaks and emergencies, need to collaborate with media in order to ensure the coverage is high quality and evidence-based, while professionals’ information needs remain mainly fulfilled by online open access to key resources. PMID:23856364

Fowler, David; Wiseman, Sue; Weinberg, Julius R

2013-01-01

11

Constructivist learning perspectives in the online public relations classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many researchers and educators use constructivist theory to analyse what works well in online classrooms. Past research suggests successful online teaching strategies involve community learning, shared interactions, and meaningful learning experiences. In this study, educators who taught public relations online, in either graduate or undergraduate settings, were interviewed using in-depth key informant surveys. Most interviewees reported successful integration of community

Ann Peru Knabe

12

Online vs. Print Publications: Users' Opinions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid expansion of online publications has raised some concerns about the use of online databases in comparison with using traditional print publications. To determine the opinions of end users about using Dialog online databases versus their corresponding print versions, three libraries in Atlanta, Georgia--Atlanta-Fulton Public Library,…

Wang, Chih

13

Pricing and Marketing Online Information Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the pricing of online information in the broader context of marketing. Highlights include changes in the marketing context and issues of value relating to price; other reviews of online pricing; trends affecting price, including public sector involvement and the Internet; promotional pricing; price discrimination; and price aggregation…

Webber, Sheila Anne Elizabeth

1998-01-01

14

Motivating Online Publication of Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Despite policies and calls for scientists to make data available, this is not happening for most environmental- and biodiversity-related data because scientistsâ concerns about these efforts have not been answered and initiatives to motivate scientists to comply have been inadequate. Many of the issues regarding data availability can be addressed if the principles of âÂÂpublicationâ rather than âÂÂsharingâ are applied. However, online data publication systems also need to develop mechanisms for data citation and indices of data access comparable to those for citation systems in print journals.

Mark Costello (University of Auckland;Leigh Marine Laboratory)

2009-05-01

15

Plant Information Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Produced by the University of Minnesota Libraries, Plant Information Online is intended for just about anyone with a green thumb, or those who want to get their thumbs a bit greener. Visitors to this fine database will find details on over 134,000 wild and cultivated plants, along with information on over 2200 North American retail and wholesale seed and nursery firms. From the homepage, visitors can search the plant database by scientific or common name, and they can also take a look at the search tips for a bit more guidance. Additionally, the site also contains links to selected websites that feature both images and more detailed regional data on thousands of plants. After locating plants of interest, some visitors may wish to browse through the nursery database for tips on locating the closest place for geraniums, hydrangeas, and other such forms of vegetation.

2007-01-01

16

The Public Sphere and Online, Independent Journalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid evolution of online, independent journalism affords educators an opportunity to increase students' understanding of the nature and power of the news media. Drawing from Habermas's theories of the role of the public sphere in democratic discourse, the author, as founder of an online news publication, traces trends in concentrated…

Beers, David

2006-01-01

17

Nutrition Information to the Desktop: A Pilot Online Nutrition Course on Saturated Fat for Public Librarians Increases Knowledge, Expectancies, and Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of an online course for public librarians on helping patrons reduce saturated fat. Design: Pre- and posttest design along with a 6-month follow-up survey. Setting: Online nutrition course. Participants: 100 (8 males, 92 females) completed the course, and 29 completed the follow-up survey. Intervention:…

Turner-McGrievy, Gabrielle M.; Campbell, Marci K.

2009-01-01

18

Information Evaluation and Online Coursework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2007 the author has been teaching a hybrid Information Literacy course at Lakeview High School in Battle Creek, Michigan. It combines an online information literacy focus with real-world library work experience in her media center. This blended course has just been revised so that high school graduates will be able to fulfill Michigan's…

Lincoln, Margaret

2010-01-01

19

New York Public Library Picture Collection Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of NYPL's evolving Digital Library, the Picture Collection Online is a collection of 30,000 public domain digital images from books and periodicals, original photographs, prints, and postcards. Primarily dated pre-1923, the Picture Collections includes some of the most popular images in the NYPL collection. The physical collection is housed in folders by broad subject headings, which can be browsed online. Keyword and advanced searches are also provided.

2002-01-01

20

Community Information Resources in United States Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public libraries should be the place people go to seek community information, but inconsistent format and quality of delivery has created a void other providers of online information are filling. Examines online community information and discusses the results of an informal survey of 103 public libraries and their community information resources.…

Resnik, Robert

1997-01-01

21

Online Information Technologies Certificate Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, Information Technologies Certificate Program which is based on synchronous and asynchronous communication methods over the Internet offered by cooperation of Middle East Technical University, Computer Engineering Department and Continuing Education Center were examined. This online certificate program started in May 1998 and it is…

Yukselturk, Erman

2005-01-01

22

Public Relations / Online-Kommunikation Hochschulkommunikation  

E-print Network

Public Relations / Online-Kommunikation Hochschulkommunikation INTERNETAUFTRITT IM WEB-CORPORATE-DESIGN ersten Ideen eines Internetauftritts bis zur fertigen Website im ETH Web Corporate Design. Web Corporate Design Das Web-Corporate Design, Web-CD, hat das Ziel, dass die Web-Auftritte der ETH ZĂĽrich ein

Fischlin, Andreas

23

Massive Open Online Courses in Public Health  

PubMed Central

Massive open online courses (MOOCs) represent a new and potentially transformative model for providing educational opportunities to learners not enrolled in a formal educational program. The authors describe the experience of developing and offering eight MOOCs on a variety of public health topics. Existing institutional infrastructure and experience with both for-credit online education and open educational resources mitigated the institutional risk and resource requirements. Although learners are able to enroll easily and freely and do so in large numbers, there is considerable variety in the level of participation and engagement among enrollees. As a result, comprehensive and accurate assessment of meaningful learning progress remains a major challenge for evaluating the effectiveness of MOOCs for providing public health education. PMID:24350228

Gooding, Ira; Klaas, Brian; Yager, James D.; Kanchanaraksa, Sukon

2013-01-01

24

Massive open online courses in public health.  

PubMed

Massive open online courses (MOOCs) represent a new and potentially transformative model for providing educational opportunities to learners not enrolled in a formal educational program. The authors describe the experience of developing and offering eight MOOCs on a variety of public health topics. Existing institutional infrastructure and experience with both for-credit online education and open educational resources mitigated the institutional risk and resource requirements. Although learners are able to enroll easily and freely and do so in large numbers, there is considerable variety in the level of participation and engagement among enrollees. As a result, comprehensive and accurate assessment of meaningful learning progress remains a major challenge for evaluating the effectiveness of MOOCs for providing public health education. PMID:24350228

Gooding, Ira; Klaas, Brian; Yager, James D; Kanchanaraksa, Sukon

2013-01-01

25

Laboratory Exercises in Online Information Assurance Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information assurance courses delivered in an online environment pose challenges to the development of meaningful hands-on exercises for students. This article presents techniques on furnishing laboratory exercises to online students and presents examples of assignments drawn from the author's experiences in teaching online courses for over three…

Bhagyavati

2006-01-01

26

AIDS PUBLIC INFORMATION DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

The AIDS Public Information Data Set is computer software designed to run on a Microsoft Windows microcomputer, and contains information abstracted from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cases reported in the United States. The data set is created by the Division of HIV/A...

27

Germany’s PSB going online – is there an economic justification for Public Service Media online?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public Service Media (PSM) online is a highly up to date topic. There is no clear consensus among researchers if Public Service Media should have a le-gitimization online and if so to which extent. Some authors still demand for an extensive role of public service provision in the digital era whereas others either argue against PSM on the internet at

Nadine Lindstädt

2010-01-01

28

Online Resources for Adaptive Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes several online resources devoted to the issue of information access by the disabled; librarians serving disabled users and seeking to employ adaptive technology will find a great deal of information on these sites. (AEF)

Balas, Janet L.

1999-01-01

29

Opportunities for Undergraduate Publication Announcing a new online and print journal: Papers and Pub(lication)s: A Southeastern Interdisciplinary Journal  

E-print Network

Opportunities for Undergraduate Publication Announcing a new online and print journal: Papers and Pub(lication)s: A Southeastern Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Research. The submission and additional information about the journal and its scope can be found at: http

Long, Nicholas

30

Public Information Films  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At the time of their creation, public information films created by the British government after World War II may have been seen as overly didactic and pedestrian in their approach to filmmaking. Fifty years on, they are most correctly seen as a fascinating way to gain some insight into this particular moment in British history. The National Archives has created this website which contains several dozen of these public information films that deal with such diverse subjects as public health, a trip on a London bus, and the Berlin airlift. Before delving into the films, visitors may wish to peruse a timeline of pertinent events during the years 1945 to 1951 and also read about the austere conditions around much of the United Kingdom during the period.

31

Public Information Handbook  

NSF Publications Database

FOIA requests are logged in and tracked by the NSF FOIA Officer, who coordinates the search for records, review and response with appropriate program office(s). You can find NSF?s organizational directory listed on our Home Page on the Internet at http://www.nsf.gov ; or contact the Information Desk at (703) 306-1234 or email at firstop@nsf.gov; to determine the correct office title. (3) Awards System - contains publicly available information about awards officially granted by NSF (NOTE: ...

32

Higher Education Providers HEIDI -Online Information Database  

E-print Network

Higher Education Providers HEIDI - Online Information Database HEIDI Equality Representative Bodies Higher Education Funding Council for Wales Welsh Government Scottish Funding Council Scottish Government and Leadership Government Bodies and Agencies Office for National Statistics Learning Records Service Skills

Glasgow, University of

33

VIOLIN: vaccine investigation and online information network.  

PubMed

Vaccines are among the most efficacious and cost-effective tools for reducing morbidity and mortality caused by infectious diseases. The vaccine investigation and online information network (VIOLIN) is a web-based central resource, allowing easy curation, comparison and analysis of vaccine-related research data across various human pathogens (e.g. Haemophilus influenzae, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Plasmodium falciparum) of medical importance and across humans, other natural hosts and laboratory animals. Vaccine-related peer-reviewed literature data have been downloaded into the database from PubMed and are searchable through various literature search programs. Vaccine data are also annotated, edited and submitted to the database through a web-based interactive system that integrates efficient computational literature mining and accurate manual curation. Curated information includes general microbial pathogenesis and host protective immunity, vaccine preparation and characteristics, stimulated host responses after vaccination and protection efficacy after challenge. Vaccine-related pathogen and host genes are also annotated and available for searching through customized BLAST programs. All VIOLIN data are available for download in an eXtensible Markup Language (XML)-based data exchange format. VIOLIN is expected to become a centralized source of vaccine information and to provide investigators in basic and clinical sciences with curated data and bioinformatics tools for vaccine research and development. VIOLIN is publicly available at http://www.violinet.org. PMID:18025042

Xiang, Zuoshuang; Todd, Thomas; Ku, Kim P; Kovacic, Bethany L; Larson, Charles B; Chen, Fang; Hodges, Andrew P; Tian, Yuying; Olenzek, Elizabeth A; Zhao, Boyang; Colby, Lesley A; Rush, Howard G; Gilsdorf, Janet R; Jourdian, George W; He, Yongqun

2008-01-01

34

Studies on Government Online Information Management and Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Combined with the changes of the government online information management and service in recent years, the paper discusses the development and current status of government online information resource management, service quality and service standards, availability and proposed to increase government online information management and service concerns from theoretical and practical views. This paper analyses environment changes in government online information

Xiaoying Zhou; Xipeng Wei; Yinzhi Lei

2011-01-01

35

Research on government on-line information management and service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Combined with the changes of the government online information management and service in recent years, the paper discuss the Development and Current Status about Government online information resource management , service quality and service standards, availability and proposed to increase government online information management and service concerns from the theoretical and practical. Keyword: On-line Information: Management: Service

Yin-zhi Lei; Xi-peng Wei; Xiao-yin Zhou

2011-01-01

36

Perceived value of applying Information Communication Technology to implement guidelines in developing countries; an online questionnaire study among public health workers  

PubMed Central

Introduction Practice guidelines can be used to support healthcare decision making. We sought to identify the use, and barriers to the implementation, of electronic based guidelines to support decision-making in maternal and child healthcare (MCH) and the rational use of medicines, in developing countries. Methods Graduates who had gained the Master of Public Health degree through the Peoples-uni (postgraduate public health education in developing countries) were sent an online survey questionnaire which had been piloted. Two reminders were sent to non-respondents at intervals of 10 days. Results were explored using descriptive analyses. Results 44 of the potential 48 graduates from 16 countries responded – most were from Africa. 82% and 89% of respondents were aware of guidelines on MCH and the rational use of medicines respectively. Electronic guidelines were more available in university hospitals than in provincial hospitals or rural care. All respondents thought that guidelines could improve the delivery of quality care, and 42 (95%) and 41 (93%) respectively thought that computers and mobile or smartphones could increase the use of guidelines in service delivery. Lack of access to computers, need to buy phone credit, need for training in the use of either computerized or phone based guidelines and fear of increased workload were potential barriers to use. Conclusion There is support for the use of electronic guidelines despite limited availability and barriers to use in developing countries. These findings, and other literature, provide a guide as to how the further development of ICT based guidelines may be implemented to improve health care decision making.

Machingura, Pasipanodya Ian; Adekola, Olawumi; Mueni, Eunice; Oaiya, Omo; Gustafsson, Lars L; Heller, Richard F

2014-01-01

37

Towards secure information systems in online banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this era of globalization, information security is becoming more important because the world is becoming highly interconnected with the Internet. At present customers can do banking online which is easy and time saving and at the same time they are vulnerable to threats. This paper seeks to investigate the current debate regarding the threats and vulnerabilities of the information

Zakaria Karim; Karim Mohammed Rezaul; Aliar Hossain

2009-01-01

38

Impact of online resources on informal learners: Parents' perception of their parenting skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet and Web technology development have opened up new ways for people to communicate, gain new information and increase their knowledge. One particular area of interest is that of using online resources to empower informal learners to increase their knowledge at their own time and space. One could look at an online resource as a public library being brought

Jin-cheon Na; Shee Wai Chia

2008-01-01

39

The changing information environment for nanotechnology: online audiences and content  

PubMed Central

The shift toward online communication in all realms, from print newspapers to broadcast television, has implications for how the general public consumes information about nanotechnology. The goal of this study is threefold: to investigate who is using online sources for information and news about science and nanotechnology, to examine what the general public is searching for online with regards to nanotechnology, and to analyze what they find in online content of nanotechnology. Using survey data, we find those who report the Internet as their primary source of science and technology news are diverse in age, more knowledgeable about science and nanotechnology, highly educated, male, and more diverse racially than users of other media. In a comparison of demographic data on actual visits by online users to general news and science Web sites, science sites attracted more male, non-white users from the Western region of the United States than news sites did. News sites, on the other hand, attracted those with a slightly higher level of education. Our analysis of published estimates of keyword searches on nanotechnology reveals people are turning to the Internet to search for keyword searches related to the future, health, and applications of nanotechnology. A content analysis of online content reveals health content dominates overall. Comparisons of content in different types of sites—blogs, government, and general sites—are conducted. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11051-010-9860-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. PMID:21170132

Brossard, Dominique; Scheufele, Dietram A.

2010-01-01

40

Online Learning in Public Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the advancement of technology over the years, there has been a vast expansion in the use of distance learning for employment training purposes. One of the main benefits of online versus traditional training is that it gives instructors the opportunity to teach pupils who, because of traveling distance and transport limitations or other access…

Stamatikos, Alexis; Ratnapradifa, Dhitinut

2011-01-01

41

Information Infrastructure: Organisational Capability for Online Information Provision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper identifies aspects of information flow that are affected by online provision of internal information. Reference is made to four case studies of Western Australian government agencies' steps toward becoming Internet information providers, and to the lessons learned from their experiences. Three key interdependent elements of…

Klobas, Jane E.

42

Are Norms of Disclosure of Online and Offline Personal Information Associated with the Disclosure of Personal Information Online?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether norms of self-disclosure of one's online and offline identity are linked to online disclosure of personal and intimate information. We expected online disclosure of personal and intimate information to be associated with norms of online disclosure. Secondary analysis of the 2006 Pew and American Life Survey of…

Mesch, Gustavo S.; Beker, Guy

2010-01-01

43

Finding Reliable Health Information Online  

MedlinePLUS

... with your physician any articles that interest you. Internet Credibility Help from Genetic Alliance The Access To ... for people developing educational materials. Top of page Internet Resources Genetics Information Genetic Testing Registry www.ncbi. ...

44

Online sources of herbal product information.  

PubMed

Herbal products are commonly used to treat clinical conditions and are often purchased online without the supervision of a healthcare provider. The use of herbals remains controversial because of widespread exaggerated claims of clinical efficacy and safety. We conducted an online search of 13 common herbals (including black cohosh, echinacea, garlic, ginkgo, ginseng, green tea, kava, saw palmetto, and St John's wort) and reviewed the top 50 Web sites for each using a Google search. We analyzed clinical claims, warnings, and other safety information. A total of 1179 Web sites were examined. Less than 8% of retail sites provided information regarding potential adverse effects, drug interactions, and other safety information; only 10.5% recommended consultation with a healthcare professional. Less than 3% cited scientific literature to accompany their claims. Key safety information is still lacking from many online sources of herbal information. Certain nonretail site types may be more reliable, but physicians and other healthcare professionals should be aware of the variable quality of these sites to help patients make more informed decisions. PMID:24290486

Owens, Christopher; Baergen, Ralph; Puckett, Derek

2014-02-01

45

Information sharing online: a research challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

We view information sharing as a promising target of research. technology and human practice have been evolving toward more opportunities and varied manners in which information can be shared. We propose that 'information sharing' is best understood as a continuum that concomitantly reflects behavioural, social, economic, legal, and technological influences. 'Information' is a hybrid of both 'public' and 'private' goods.

Sheizaf Rafaeli; Daphne R. Raban

2005-01-01

46

Online Public Access Catalog: The Google Maps of the Library World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What do Google Maps and a library's Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC) have in common? Google Maps provides users with all the information they need for a trip in one place; users can get directions and find out what attractions, hotels, and restaurants are close by. Librarians must find the ultimate OPAC that will provide, in one place, all the…

Bailey, Kieren

2011-01-01

47

Informational Environments: Organizational Contexts of Online Information Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Before the Web, the story of online information services was largely one of over-estimates and unmet expectations. This study examines sustained use and non-use of online services within organizations in a way that overcomes limitations of the traditional approaches that repeatedly led to exuberant usage projections. By adopting an open-systems view, we see that firms in highly technical and highly

Roberta Lamb; John Leslie King; Rob Kling

2003-01-01

48

Optimizing online social networks for information propagation.  

PubMed

Online users nowadays are facing serious information overload problem. In recent years, recommender systems have been widely studied to help people find relevant information. Adaptive social recommendation is one of these systems in which the connections in the online social networks are optimized for the information propagation so that users can receive interesting news or stories from their leaders. Validation of such adaptive social recommendation methods in the literature assumes uniform distribution of users' activity frequency. In this paper, our empirical analysis shows that the distribution of online users' activity is actually heterogenous. Accordingly, we propose a more realistic multi-agent model in which users' activity frequency are drawn from a power-law distribution. We find that previous social recommendation methods lead to serious delay of information propagation since many users are connected to inactive leaders. To solve this problem, we design a new similarity measure which takes into account users' activity frequencies. With this similarity measure, the average delay is significantly shortened and the recommendation accuracy is largely improved. PMID:24816894

Chen, Duan-Bing; Wang, Guan-Nan; Zeng, An; Fu, Yan; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

2014-01-01

49

Optimizing Online Social Networks for Information Propagation  

PubMed Central

Online users nowadays are facing serious information overload problem. In recent years, recommender systems have been widely studied to help people find relevant information. Adaptive social recommendation is one of these systems in which the connections in the online social networks are optimized for the information propagation so that users can receive interesting news or stories from their leaders. Validation of such adaptive social recommendation methods in the literature assumes uniform distribution of users' activity frequency. In this paper, our empirical analysis shows that the distribution of online users' activity is actually heterogenous. Accordingly, we propose a more realistic multi-agent model in which users' activity frequency are drawn from a power-law distribution. We find that previous social recommendation methods lead to serious delay of information propagation since many users are connected to inactive leaders. To solve this problem, we design a new similarity measure which takes into account users' activity frequencies. With this similarity measure, the average delay is significantly shortened and the recommendation accuracy is largely improved. PMID:24816894

Chen, Duan-Bing; Wang, Guan-Nan; Zeng, An; Fu, Yan; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

2014-01-01

50

Online Technologies for Health Information and Education: A literature review  

PubMed Central

There is a growing body of research focused on the use of social media and Internet technologies for health education and information sharing. The authors reviewed literature on this topic, with a specific focus on the benefits and concerns associated with using online social technologies as health education and communication tools. Studies suggest that social media technologies have the potential to safely and effectively deliver health education, if privacy concerns are addressed. Utility of social media-based health education and communication will improve as technology developers and public health officials determine ways to improve information accuracy and address privacy concerns. PMID:24465171

Gill, Harkiran K.; Gill, Navkiranjit; Young, Sean D.

2014-01-01

51

Evaluating Online Sources of Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... If the information was originally published in a research journal or a book, they should say which so that you can find it. How is information reviewed before it gets posted? Most health information publications have someone with medical or research credentials (e.g., someone who has earned an ...

52

Students' Self-Regulated Learning, Online Information Evaluative Standards and Online Academic Searching Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online information searching strategies (OISS) used by students can be viewed as a key indicator in online learning environments. Therefore, developments in their OISS may also involve variables such as self-regulated learning (SRL) and online information evaluative standards (OIES). Three instruments, an OISS, a SRL and an OIES were used to…

Tseng, Sheng-Chau; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-01-01

53

Research on online public service in China: a critical assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the development of China's e-government, online public services (OPS) have become one of the focal areas of the service-oriented government building. In this paper, we conducted a quantitative and qualitative analyses of papers on this topic published in Chinese core Journals and the China \\

Xinping Liu; Lei Zheng; Shuhua Liu

2010-01-01

54

Library of Congress Online Public Catalog Users Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current attitudes of users and non-users towards public online computer catalogs (OPAC's) were studied at the Library of Congress (LC) and responses were compared with those from an aggregate survey. Attitudes of both users and non-users toward the LC OPAC system were favorable. Problems experienced by patrons related to difficulty in…

Anderson, Rosemary; And Others

55

Teaching Public Finance Administration Online: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study of an online masters course in public finance administration, conducted primarily through texts and electronic bulletin boards with no face-to-face contact, found advantages (time and space independence) and disadvantages (lack of interaction with instructors) for both faculty and students. Although student grades equaled those in…

Ebdon, Carol

1999-01-01

56

CD-ROM as an Online Public Access Catalogue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the application of CD-ROM technology for online public access catalogs (OPACs) covers: (1) the production process; (2) costs; (3) advantages and disadvantages of using CD-ROM; (4) current CD-ROM applications; and (5) future developments. (5 references) (MES)

Akeroyd, John

1988-01-01

57

Lognormal infection times of online information spread.  

PubMed

The infection times of individuals in online information spread such as the inter-arrival time of Twitter messages or the propagation time of news stories on a social media site can be explained through a convolution of lognormally distributed observation and reaction times of the individual participants. Experimental measurements support the lognormal shape of the individual contributing processes, and have resemblance to previously reported lognormal distributions of human behavior and contagious processes. PMID:23700473

Doerr, Christian; Blenn, Norbert; Van Mieghem, Piet

2013-01-01

58

Lognormal Infection Times of Online Information Spread  

PubMed Central

The infection times of individuals in online information spread such as the inter-arrival time of Twitter messages or the propagation time of news stories on a social media site can be explained through a convolution of lognormally distributed observation and reaction times of the individual participants. Experimental measurements support the lognormal shape of the individual contributing processes, and have resemblance to previously reported lognormal distributions of human behavior and contagious processes. PMID:23700473

Doerr, Christian; Blenn, Norbert; Van Mieghem, Piet

2013-01-01

59

Toward better Alzheimer's research information sources for the public.  

PubMed

The National Plan to Address Alzheimer's Disease calls for a new relationship between researchers and members of the public. This relationship is one that provides research information to patients and allows patients to provide ideas to researchers. One way to describe it is a "bidirectional translational relationship." Despite the numerous sources of online and offline information about Alzheimer's disease, there is no information source which currently provides this interaction. This article proposes the creation an Alzheimer's research information source dedicated to monitoring Alzheimer's research literature and providing user friendly, publicly accessible summaries of data written specifically for a lay audience. This information source should contain comprehensive, updated, user friendly, publicly available, reviews of Alzheimer's research and utilize existing online multimedia/social networking tools to provide information in useful formats that help patients, caregivers, and researchers learn rapidly from one another. PMID:23423479

Payne, Perry W

2013-03-01

60

Online Master of Public Administration Public Leadership. Positive Change.  

E-print Network

: Educate students to be compassionate and effective leaders who humanely manage public organizations Prepare students to initiate and facilitate interactions among government, for-profit, and nonprofit, humane policies Prepare students to determine, collect, and analyze the evidence appropriate

Galles, David

61

Experiences in Teaching an Online Course in Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virginia Tech initiated a Master of Information Technology degree program in Fall 1998 and began online delivery of the program in Fall 2000. One of the first of three online courses offered in Fall 2000 was \\

Scott F. Midkiff; Luiz A. DaSilva; William O. Plymale

2001-01-01

62

Informational Environments: Organizational Contexts of Online Information Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines sustained use and non-use of online services within organizations using an open-systems view that overcomes limitations of traditional approaches that led to over-estimates of use. Focuses on the informational environments of firms in three industries: law, real estate, and biotech/pharmaceuticals; and discusses insights from an intranets…

Lamb, Roberta; King, John Leslie; Kling, Rob

2003-01-01

63

Online Education: the Needs, Interests, and Capacities of Wisconsin Public Health Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need to develop online educational opportunities for public health professionals has been clearly documented nationwide and specifically in Wisconsin. Preliminary evaluations have identified the advantages and effectiveness of online learning for public health education. However, few studies have examined public health professionals' use of, confidence with, and interest in online technologies, formats, and topics. These data are pertinent to

Kaija L. Zusevics; Gary D. Gilmore; Robert A. Jecklin; Geoffrey R. Swain

2009-01-01

64

Open Research Online The Open University's repository of research publications  

E-print Network

see FAQs. c 2009 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Version: Version of Record Link(s) to article information on Open Research Online's data policy on reuse of materials please consult the policies page. oro Journal, 33:2, pp. 71­84, Summer 2009 c 2009 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The analysis

Holland, Simon

65

Online Information Retrieval Bibliography. Seventh Update: Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides permuted title and author indexes to the 931-item seventh annual update (July 1984 issue of "Online Review") of a bibliography on online information retrieval which was published as a supplement to the first issue of "Online Review." The approximate time period of late 1982 through early 1984 is covered. (EJS)

Hawkins, Donald T.

1984-01-01

66

ROMANSE Public Transport Information Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ROMANSE is multi-million pound pilot project based in Southampton. It aims to use Advanced Transport Telematics (ATT) to develop the city as a model for transport management systems across Europe. ROMANSE achieves this by providing realtime traffic and travel information to influence travel behaviour, increase the use of public transport, maximize the efficiency of the transport system and provide high-quality information for use in strategic policy decisions.

Brown, Steven

67

Correlates of Consumer Trust in Online Health Information: Findings From the Health Information National Trends Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past few decades have witnessed a dramatic increase in consumers seeking health information online. However, the quality of such information remains questionable, and the trustworthiness of online health information has become a hot topic, whereas little attention has been paid to how consumers evaluate online health information credibility. This study builds on theoretical perspectives of trust such as personal-capital-based,

Yinjiao Ye

2010-01-01

68

Online Information 96. Proceedings of the International Online Information Meeting (20th, London, England, UK, December 3-5, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings volume contains 68 papers. Subjects addressed include: access to information; the future of information managers/librarians; intelligent agents; changing roles of library users; disintermediation; Internet review sites; World Wide Web (WWW) search engines; Java; online searching; future of online education; integrated information

Raitt, David I., Ed.; Jeapes, Ben, Ed.

69

Extracting the Information Backbone in Online System  

PubMed Central

Information overload is a serious problem in modern society and many solutions such as recommender system have been proposed to filter out irrelevant information. In the literature, researchers have been mainly dedicated to improving the recommendation performance (accuracy and diversity) of the algorithms while they have overlooked the influence of topology of the online user-object bipartite networks. In this paper, we find that some information provided by the bipartite networks is not only redundant but also misleading. With such “less can be more” feature, we design some algorithms to improve the recommendation performance by eliminating some links from the original networks. Moreover, we propose a hybrid method combining the time-aware and topology-aware link removal algorithms to extract the backbone which contains the essential information for the recommender systems. From the practical point of view, our method can improve the performance and reduce the computational time of the recommendation system, thus improving both of their effectiveness and efficiency. PMID:23690946

Zhang, Qian-Ming; Zeng, An; Shang, Ming-Sheng

2013-01-01

70

Extracting the information backbone in online system.  

PubMed

Information overload is a serious problem in modern society and many solutions such as recommender system have been proposed to filter out irrelevant information. In the literature, researchers have been mainly dedicated to improving the recommendation performance (accuracy and diversity) of the algorithms while they have overlooked the influence of topology of the online user-object bipartite networks. In this paper, we find that some information provided by the bipartite networks is not only redundant but also misleading. With such "less can be more" feature, we design some algorithms to improve the recommendation performance by eliminating some links from the original networks. Moreover, we propose a hybrid method combining the time-aware and topology-aware link removal algorithms to extract the backbone which contains the essential information for the recommender systems. From the practical point of view, our method can improve the performance and reduce the computational time of the recommendation system, thus improving both of their effectiveness and efficiency. PMID:23690946

Zhang, Qian-Ming; Zeng, An; Shang, Ming-Sheng

2013-01-01

71

A Study of Personal Information Management Strategies for Online Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature suggests that personal information management is a serious challenge for many computer users. Online faculty are especially challenged because of the large number of electronic files necessitated by teaching online. Those who have experience in this environment may offer valuable insights regarding information management challenges…

Kearns, Lorna R.; Frey, Barbara A.; Tomer, Christinger; Alman, Susan

2014-01-01

72

Online Learning Communities: Enhancing Undergraduate Students' Acquisition of Information Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of online learning communities (OLC) on enhancing the undergraduate students' acquisition of information skills. OLC was compared with online tutorials and one-shot face-to-face sessions designed to facilitate students' information skill acquisition. Data were gathered through multiple…

Dominguez-Flores, Noraida; Wang, Ling

2011-01-01

73

Examining the Perceived Credibility of Online Opinions: Information Adoption in the Online Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The internet has revolutionized the way people and consumers share and acquire knowledge. Web-based technologies have created numerous opportunities for electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) communication and online interpersonal influence. This phenomenon impacts online retailers as this easily accessible information could greatly affect the online consumption decision. It is worthwhile to examine the extent to which opinion seekers are willing to accept

Neil Rabjohn; Christy M. K. Cheung; Matthew K. O. Lee

2008-01-01

74

Discovering Civil Discourse: Using the Online Public Sphere for Authentic Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the exercise described here is for students to be able to recognize Habermas's public sphere theory and analyze public deliberation occurring within the online public sphere. After completing this unit activity, students will also be able to distinguish between civil and uncivil comments that people use in online forums.…

McGowan, Angela M.; Soczka Kaiser, Kelly

2014-01-01

75

Effects of Online Interaction and Instructor Presence on Students' Satisfaction and Success with Online Undergraduate Public Relations Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined student success, failure, withdrawal, and satisfaction in online public relations courses based on instructor-student interaction, student-student interaction, and instructor presence. Student passing rates, D/F rates, withdrawal rates, and evaluations of instruction were compiled from fifty-one online PR courses run over the…

Moore, Jensen

2014-01-01

76

Affording to exchange: social capital and online information sharing.  

PubMed

The potential harm and benefit associated with sharing personal information online is a topic of debate and discussion. Using survey methods (n=872), we explore whether attainment of social capital online relates to greater comfort with sharing personal information. We found that perceptions of bridging and bonding social capital earned from using Facebook are significant predictors of overall comfort levels with sharing personal information. This research raises timely questions about how the perceived benefits of social networking sites influence how personal information is shared online. PMID:23600613

Maksl, Adam; Young, Rachel

2013-08-01

77

Anonymity Versus Privacy: Selective Information Sharing in Online Cancer Communities  

PubMed Central

Background Active sharing in online cancer communities benefits patients. However, many patients refrain from sharing health information online due to privacy concerns. Existing research on privacy emphasizes data security and confidentiality, largely focusing on electronic medical records. Patient preferences around information sharing in online communities remain poorly understood. Consistent with the privacy calculus perspective adopted from e-commerce research, we suggest that patients approach online information sharing instrumentally, weighing privacy costs against participation benefits when deciding whether to share certain information. Consequently, we argue that patients prefer sharing clinical information over daily life and identity information that potentially compromises anonymity. Furthermore, we explore whether patients’ prior experiences, age, health, and gender affect perceived privacy costs and thus willingness to share information. Objective The goal of the present study is to document patient preferences for sharing information within online health platforms. Methods A total of 115 cancer patients reported sharing intentions for 15 different types of information, demographics, health status, prior privacy experiences, expected community utility, and privacy concerns. Results Factor analysis on the 15 information types revealed 3 factors coinciding with 3 proposed information categories: clinical, daily life, and identity information. A within-subject ANOVA showed a strong preference for sharing clinical information compared to daily life and identity information (F 1,114=135.59, P=.001, ?2=.93). Also, adverse online privacy experiences, age, and health status negatively affected information-sharing intentions. Female patients shared information less willingly. Conclusions Respondents’ information-sharing intentions depend on dispositional and situational factors. Patients share medical details more willingly than daily life or identity information. The results suggest the need to focus on anonymity rather than privacy in online communities. PMID:24828114

Vermeulen, Ivar E; Beekers, Nienke

2014-01-01

78

Positive Side Effects of Online Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an experiment to evaluate a new library system, undergraduate psychology students were divided into an online systems group and a basic bibliographic skills group. Comparison of performance by students in each group on a literature review task indicated that the online systems group performed better on the literature review task and felt more…

Feinberg, Richard A.; Drews, David

1981-01-01

79

Sharing Metadata: Enabling Online Information Provision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes work being carried out in the fields of online education provision and library systems, beginning with a description of the current state of the art with regard to online learning environments and educational materials management. Suggestions and solutions for librarians dealing with the management of educational digital…

Darzentas, Jenny

80

Attributes of Interactive Online Health Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of online communication systems related to prevention, decision making, and coping with cancer has outpaced theoretical attention to the attributes that appeal to system users and that create effective interactions. This essay reviews a number of sociotechnical attributes related to online discussion systems and tutorials, including interactivity, presence, homophily, social distance, anonymity\\/privacy, and interaction management. These attributes are

Joseph B Walther; Suzanne Pingree; Robert P Hawkins; David B Buller

2005-01-01

81

Online Information Retrieval Bibliography: Eighth Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 910-item annual update (1984 through early 1985) covers: online systems, databases, services; man-machine studies, database creation, user interface, system design and evaluation; profile development, searching techniques, indexing; usage studies, economics, promotion, online searching services management; user training, microcomputer…

Hawkins, Donald T.

1985-01-01

82

78 FR 78998 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: HUD Environmental Review Online System (HEROS)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection: HUD Environmental Review Online System...For telephone and email communication, contact Elizabeth Zepeda, Environmental Planning Division...Information Collection: HUD Environmental Review Online...

2013-12-27

83

Introducing Chemistry Undergraduate Students to Online Chemical Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of manual and online searching are compared during a unit on online chemical information retrieval taught at Hebrew University. Strategies and results obtained are provided for student searches on the synthesis of vitamin K(3) from 2-methylnaphthalene and polywater. (JN)

Wolman, Yecheskel

1985-01-01

84

Studying the Impact of Privacy Information on Online Purchase Decisions  

E-print Network

Studying the Impact of Privacy Information on Online Purchase Decisions Serge Egelman Carnegie. INTRODUCTION Numerous studies have found that Internet users are con- cerned about online privacy. The three pre- set settings are based on the three presets available in the Privacy Bird P3P user

Sadeh, Norman M.

85

Use and outcome of online health information services: a study among Scottish population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report on a research designed to find out how people in Scotland access and use online health information. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – It is based on a survey of two sets of population in Glasgow – a group of 64 users from the general public and a group of 24 post graduate students

Jenny Harbour; Gobinda G. Chowdhury

2007-01-01

86

Can the government really help? Online information for women experiencing violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Domestic violence against women is a significant social and public health problem that requires a varied social service response for abused women and their children. Increasingly, this service response includes online sources and resources. Using content analysis methods, we examined the Canadian provincial E-Government response to providing information to women exposed to domestic violence. Our overarching question was “if an

C. Nadine Wathen; Sandra McKeown

2010-01-01

87

77 FR 72828 - Pacific Fishery Management Council; Public Meeting/Online Webinar  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Pacific Council) will hold an online webinar to develop alternatives...data-moderate assessments. The online Groundfish Status Determination...public, although space for online access is limited to the first...or as necessary to complete business for the day. ADDRESSES:...

2012-12-06

88

Student Search Behaviour in an Online Public Access Catalogue: An Examination of "Searching Mental Models" and "Searcher Self-Concept"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper presents a qualitative exploration of university students' experience of searching an online public access catalogue. The study investigated how students conceptualise their searching process, as well as how students understand themselves as seekers of information. Method: Following a search task, thirty-eight…

Willson, Rebekah; Given, Lisa M.

2014-01-01

89

This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army.mil/doctrine/index.html).  

E-print Network

#12;This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army, describes the role of United States Army Special Operations Forces (ARSOF) in the U.S. Army's operating and integrated use of military information support, cyber, and civil affairs operations. The relevance of Army

US Army Corps of Engineers

90

The Separate Spheres of Online Health: Gender, Parenting, and Online Health Information Searching in the Information Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this article is to explore how parental status, gender, and their interaction influence a variety of aspects of searching for online health information. Drawing on nationally representative survey data, the results show that in a number of ways parenting and gender have separate but significant influences on the following: online

Stern, Michael J.; Cotten, Shelia R.; Drentea, Patricia

2012-01-01

91

Collection, evaluation, and diffusion of information in online communities  

E-print Network

In this thesis, I study a number of online information communities to understand how open practices are currently used in supporting community functions. By examining how communities operate, I hope to provide individuals ...

Mamas, Evangelos

2006-01-01

92

Information Diffusion in Online Social Networks Adrien Guille  

E-print Network

Information Diffusion in Online Social Networks Adrien Guille ERIC Lab, Lyon 2 University, France 5 av. Pierre Mendes France, 69676 Bron Cedex adrien.guille@univ-lyon2.fr Expected graduation date: Fall

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

93

Facilitating community information seeking using the Internet: Findings from three public library-community network systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report findings from a recent study of how public libraries are using on-line community networks to facilitate the public's information seeking and use in everyday situations. These networks have been lauded for their potential to strengthen physical communities through increasing information flow about local services and events, and through facilitating civic interaction. However, little is known about how the

Karen E. Pettigrew; Joan C. Durrance; Kenton T. Unruh

2002-01-01

94

Essential elements of online information networks on invasive alien species  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to be effective, information must be placed in the proper context and organized in a manner that is logical and (preferably)\\u000a standardized. Recently, invasive alien species (IAS) scientists have begun to create online networks to share their information\\u000a concerning IAS prevention and control. At a special networking session at the Beijing International Symposium on Biological\\u000a Invasions, an online

Annie Simpson; Elizabeth Sellers; Andrea Grosse; Yan Xie

2006-01-01

95

Usability of online health information for people with disabilities.  

PubMed

Current issues around the usability of online health information for people with disabilities are to be presented and discussed. This includes a review of the current literature relevant to this area, a review of the current methodology for assessing Web usability, and a proposed model for addressing these issues to increase the access to online health information by people with disabilities, in particular for those with cognitive impairments. Available preliminary data will also be presented. PMID:14728283

Appleyard, Richard J

2003-01-01

96

Online Fantasy Sports Litigation and the Need for a Federal Right of Publicity Statute  

Microsoft Academic Search

The right of publicity is currently a jumble of state common law and state statutes, but the online fantasy sports industry crosses state lines with ease. Having witnessed the great revenue potential of online fantasy sports, professional sports leagues are trying to strong-arm independent fantasy sports providers out of the business by using the right of publicity to assert property

Risa J. Weaver

2010-01-01

97

Using wikis as an online health information resource.  

PubMed

Wikis can be a powerful online resource for the provision and sharing of information, with the proviso that information found on them should be independently verified. This article defines wikis and sets them in context with recent developments on the internet. The article discusses the use of Wikipedia and other wikis as potential sources of health information for nurses. PMID:20527486

Younger, P

98

Embed with the Faculty: Legal Information Skills Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article evaluates the Legal Information Skills Tutorial (LIST), a successful multi-media online learning project at the University of Melbourne Law School based on the Council of Australian University Librarians (CAUL) Information Literacy Standards. (Council of Australian University Librarians, Information Literacy Standards (2001)…

Smith, Nicki McLaurin; Presser, Prue

2005-01-01

99

A Comparison of Three Online Information Retrieval Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three firms which offer online information retrieval are compared. The firms are Lockheed Information Service, System Development Corporation and the Western Research Application Center. Comparison tables provide information such as hours accessible, coverage, file update, search elements and cost figures for 15 data bases. In addition, general…

Zais, Harriet W.

100

Information diffusion in online social networks Lada Adamic  

E-print Network

Information diffusion in online social networks Lada Adamic School of Information, University shape networks? #12;1 6 54 63 67 2 94 Power laws and information spread on networks Adamic, Lukose inferred link blog Adar, Zhang, Adamic, Lukose, WWE 2004 #12;comment thread parody on Jim Henley

Chen, Yiling

101

Evaluation of a University Online Information Literacy Unit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arts IRIS (Introductory Research and Information Skills) is a compulsory online information literacy unit for commencing students in the Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences at The University of Western Australia (UWA). The aim of Arts IRIS is to provide students with a foundation in research and information literacy skills for studying…

Crawford, Nicole; Broertjes, Andrew

2010-01-01

102

75 FR 21602 - Online Safety and Technology Working Group Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Administration Online Safety and Technology Working...announces a public meeting of the Online Safety and Technology Working...of relevant sectors of the business community, public interest...expertise and experience in online safety issues, as well...

2010-04-26

103

75 FR 1338 - Online Safety and Technology Working Group Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Administration Online Safety and Technology Working...announces a public meeting of the Online Safety and Technology Working...of relevant sectors of the business community, public interest...expertise and experience in online safety issues, as well...

2010-01-11

104

Public School Districts Master the Online Learning Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online learning made its debut in higher education, but now it's changing the face of K-12 education. According to the marketing research firm Ambient Insight, roughly 1.75 million K-12 students in the United States are enrolled in at least one online course. Although much of the online learning growth in K-12 first occurred in virtual charter…

Horn, Michael

2010-01-01

105

Online Communication and Information Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blended Learning, a learning facilitation that incorporates different modes of delivery, models of teaching, and learning styles, introduces multiple media to the dialog between the learner and the facilitator. This paper examines online communication as the link between established theory of learning and literature on e-learning in order to…

Heinze, Aleksej; Procter, Chris

2006-01-01

106

Seeking health information online: does limited healthcare access matter?  

PubMed

Consumers facing barriers to healthcare access may use online health information seeking and online communication with physicians, but the empirical relationship has not been sufficiently analyzed. Our study examines the association of barriers to healthcare access with consumers' health-related information searching on the internet, use of health chat groups, and email communication with physicians, using data from 27?210 adults from the 2009 National Health Interview Survey. Individuals with financial barriers to healthcare access, difficulty getting timely appointments with doctors, and conflicts in scheduling during clinic hours are more likely to search for general health information online than those without these access barriers. Those unable to get timely appointments with physicians are more likely to participate in health chat groups and email physicians. The internet may offer a low-cost source of health information and could help meet the heightened demand for health-related information among those facing access barriers to care. PMID:24948558

Bhandari, Neeraj; Shi, Yunfeng; Jung, Kyoungrae

2014-11-01

107

39 CFR 952.33 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO FALSE REPRESENTATION AND LOTTERY ORDERS § 952.33 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the...

2013-07-01

108

39 CFR 952.33 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO FALSE REPRESENTATION AND LOTTERY ORDERS § 952.33 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the...

2012-07-01

109

Design considerations for supporting online analytic-deliberative public participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract “Meaningful participation” can be defined in terms of access to voice and competence,of knowledge(s) that fosters shared understanding about values, interests, and concerns. Recent research about “analytic-deliberative” decision processes shows that meaningful public participation is possible, and decision outcomes are improved. The analytic component provides technical information that ensures broad-based, competent perspectives are treated. The deliberative component,provides an opportunity

Matthew Wilson; Kevin Ramsey; Timothy Nyerges

110

Seattle Public Library Web Sites and Databases: Municipal Codes Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Drawing heavily on the Folio databases made available by the Municipal Code Corporation, as well as other sources, Jeannette Voiland of the Seattle Public Library has compiled a growing list of over 150 municipal codes in 37 states at this time. Depth of coverage varies by state, with especially good coverage for Florida, California, and Washington. As the site grows, it should become a major repository for US municipal code information.

1997-01-01

111

Correlates of consumer trust in online health information: findings from the health information national trends survey.  

PubMed

The past few decades have witnessed a dramatic increase in consumers seeking health information online. However, the quality of such information remains questionable, and the trustworthiness of online health information has become a hot topic, whereas little attention has been paid to how consumers evaluate online health information credibility. This study builds on theoretical perspectives of trust such as personal-capital-based, social-capital-based, and transfer-based, and it examines various correlates of consumer trust in online health information. The author analyzed the 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey data (N = 7,674). Results showed that consumer trust in online health information did not correlate with personal capital such as income, education, and health status. Social capital indicated by visiting social networking Web sites was not associated with trust in online health information either. Nevertheless, trust in online health information transferred from traditional mass media and government health agencies to the Internet, and it varied by such information features as easiness to locate and to understand. Age appeared to be a key factor in understanding the correlates of trust in online health information. Theoretical and empirical implications of the results are discussed. PMID:21086209

Ye, Yinjiao

2011-01-01

112

Viral information propagation in the Digg online social network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose the use of a variant of the epidemiological SIR model to accurately describe the diffusion of online content over the online social network Digg.com. We examine the qualitative properties of our viral information propagation model, demonstrate the model’s applications to social media spread in online social networks with particular focus on accurately predicting user voting behavior over a period of 50 h. The model allows us to characterize the peak time, turning point, viral period and final size (total number of votes), and gives much improved prediction of user voting behaviors than other established models.

Freeman, Mark; McVittie, James; Sivak, Iryna; Wu, Jianhong

2014-12-01

113

Sexual Health Information Seeking Online Among Runaway and Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Research shows runaway and homeless youth are reluctant to seek help from traditional health providers. The Internet can be useful in engaging this population and meeting their needs for sexual health information, including information about HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Using a sample of homeless youth living in Los Angeles, California in June 2009, this study assesses the frequency with which runaway and homeless youth seek sexual health information via the Internet, and assesses which youth are more likely to engage in seeking health information from online sources. Drawing from Andersen’s (1968) health behavior model and Pescosolido’s (1992) network episode model, we develop and refine a model for seeking online sexual health information among homeless youth. Rather than testing the predicative strength of a given model, our aim is to identify and explore conceptually driven correlates that may shed light on the characteristics associated with these help seeking behaviors among homeless youth. Analyses using multivariate logistic regression models reveal that among the sample of youth, females and gay males most frequently seek sexual health information online. We demonstrate the structure of social network ties (e.g., connection with parents) and the content of interactions (e.g., e-mail forwards of health information) across ties are critical correlates of online sexual health information seeking. Results show a continued connection with parents via the Internet is significantly associated with youth seeking HIV or STI information. Similarly for content of interactions, more youth who were sent health information online also reported seeking HIV information and HIV-testing information. We discuss implications for intervention and practice, focusing on how the Internet may be used for dissemination of sexual health information and as a resource for social workers to link transient, runaway, and homeless youth to care. PMID:22247795

Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Rice, Eric

2012-01-01

114

Research Paper: Seeking Health Information Online: Does Wikipedia Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo determine the significance of the English Wikipedia as a source of online health information.DesignThe authors measured Wikipedia?s ranking on general Internet search engines by entering keywords from MedlinePlus, NHS Direct Online, and the National Organization of Rare Diseases as queries into search engine optimization software. We assessed whether article quality influenced this ranking. The authors tested whether traffic to

MichaëlR Laurent; Tim J. Vickers

2009-01-01

115

Attributes of Interactive Online Health Information Systems  

PubMed Central

The development of online communication systems related to prevention, decision making, and coping with cancer has outpaced theoretical attention to the attributes that appeal to system users and that create effective interactions. This essay reviews a number of sociotechnical attributes related to online discussion systems and tutorials, including interactivity, presence, homophily, social distance, anonymity/privacy, and interaction management. These attributes are derived from different theoretical perspectives which have led to clinical trials and other empirical studies demonstrating effectiveness or attraction to end users. The effects of a subset of these attributes are connected to learning, social influence, and coping, as illustrated in evaluations of an interactive smoking prevention site and a cancer advice/support discussion system. PMID:15998624

Pingree, Suzanne; Hawkins, Robert P; Buller, David B

2005-01-01

116

Attributes of interactive online health information systems.  

PubMed

The development of online communication systems related to prevention, decision making, and coping with cancer has outpaced theoretical attention to the attributes that appeal to system users and that create effective interactions. This essay reviews a number of sociotechnical attributes related to online discussion systems and tutorials, including interactivity, presence, homophily, social distance, anonymity/privacy, and interaction management. These attributes are derived from different theoretical perspectives which have led to clinical trials and other empirical studies demonstrating effectiveness or attraction to end users. The effects of a subset of these attributes are connected to learning, social influence, and coping, as illustrated in evaluations of an interactive smoking prevention site and a cancer advice/support discussion system. PMID:15998624

Walther, Joseph B; Pingree, Suzanne; Hawkins, Robert P; Buller, David B

2005-07-01

117

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY  

E-print Network

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL of the Solar Wind Ion Composition Experiment aboard Ulysses, were published today in Nature magazine Drs

Christian, Eric

118

Online Discussion in a Hybrid Information Literacy Credit Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how an instruction librarian created an online learning community of adult learners in a hybrid, credit-bearing information literacy course. The Blackboard course management system was utilized for weekly course discussion on ethical issues involving the use of information to promote student engagement in the critical…

Jacobs, Warren N.

2007-01-01

119

Informal Interactions and their Implications for Online Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informal interactions are often undervalued, yet, studies in office and educational environments show that they play an important role in successful collaborative projects. Online courses however, offer limited opportunities for informal interactions, which might put them at a disadvantage when compared to traditional courses. To evaluate possible…

Contreras-Castillo, Juan; Favela, Jesus; Perez-Fragoso, Carmen; Santamaria-del-Angel, Eduardo

2004-01-01

120

THINK TANK Online Data Privacy Policy Personal Information  

E-print Network

, and physical security measures and safeguards in place to protect against the loss, misuse, and alteration of Arizona is committed to providing its users good privacy practices regarding electronic personal, the information is protected both online and off-line. All personally identifiable information the THINK TANK

Ziurys, Lucy M.

121

Online GIS services for mapping and sharing disease information  

PubMed Central

Background Disease data sharing is important for the collaborative preparation, response, and recovery stages of disease control. Disease phenomena are strongly associated with spatial and temporal factors. Web-based Geographical Information Systems provide a real-time and dynamic way to represent disease information on maps. However, data heterogeneities, integration, interoperability, and cartographical representation are still major challenges in the health geographic fields. These challenges cause barriers in extensively sharing health data and restrain the effectiveness in understanding and responding to disease outbreaks. To overcome these challenges in disease data mapping and sharing, the senior authors have designed an interoperable service oriented architecture based on Open Geospatial Consortium specifications to share the spatio-temporal disease information. Results A case study of infectious disease mapping across New Brunswick (Canada) and Maine (USA) was carried out to evaluate the proposed architecture, which uses standard Web Map Service, Styled Layer Descriptor and Web Map Context specifications. The case study shows the effectiveness of an infectious disease surveillance system and enables cross-border visualization, analysis, and sharing of infectious disease information through interactive maps and/or animation in collaboration with multiple partners via a distributed network. It enables data sharing and users' collaboration in an open and interactive manner. Conclusion In this project, we develop a service oriented architecture for online disease mapping that is distributed, loosely coupled, and interoperable. An implementation of this architecture has been applied to the New Brunswick and Maine infectious disease studies. We have shown that the development of standard health services and spatial data infrastructure can enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of public health surveillance. PMID:18298859

Gao, Sheng; Mioc, Darka; Anton, Francois; Yi, Xiaolun; Coleman, David J

2008-01-01

122

22 CFR 707.31 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Public information. 707.31 Section 707.31 Foreign Relations OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS ACCESS TO AND SAFEGUARDING OF PERSONAL INFORMATION IN RECORDS OF THE CORPORATION Exceptions §...

2010-04-01

123

Public-Access Information System Terminal.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The invention relates generally to information retrieval systems, and is particularly concerned with a computer-linked remote terminal unit for providing public access to electronically stored route and schedule information at airports, bus terminals, rai...

L. Frenkel, M. Gorstein

1980-01-01

124

Public Claims about Automatic External Defibrillators: An Online Consumer Opinions Study  

PubMed Central

Background Patients are no longer passive recipients of health care, and increasingly engage in health communications outside of the traditional patient and health care professional relationship. As a result, patient opinions and health related judgements are now being informed by a wide range of social, media, and online information sources. Government initiatives recognise self-delivery of health care as a valuable means of responding to the anticipated increased global demand for health resources. Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs), designed for the treatment of Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA), have recently become available for 'over the counter' purchase with no need for a prescription. This paper explores the claims and argumentation of lay persons and health care practitioners and professionals relating to these, and how these may impact on the acceptance, adoption and use of these devices within the home context. Methods We carry out a thematic content analysis of a novel form of Internet-based data: online consumer opinions of AED devices posted on Amazon.com, the world's largest online retailer. A total of #83 online consumer reviews of home AEDs are analysed. The analysis is both inductive, identifying themes that emerged from the data, exploring the parameters of public debate relating to these devices, and also driven by theory, centring around the parameters that may impact upon the acceptance, adoption and use of these devices within the home as indicated by the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). Results Five high-level themes around which arguments for and against the adoption of home AEDs are identified and considered in the context of TAM. These include opinions relating to device usability, usefulness, cost, emotional implications of device ownership, and individual patient risk status. Emotional implications associated with AED acceptance, adoption and use emerged as a notable factor that is not currently reflected within the existing TAM. Conclusions The value, credibility and implications of the findings of this study are considered within the context of existing AED research, and related to technology acceptance theory. From a methodological perspective, this study demonstrates the potential value of online consumer reviews as a novel data source for exploring the parameters of public debate relating to emerging health care technologies. PMID:21592349

2011-01-01

125

Information and interaction with the public.  

PubMed

The general requirements of public information are stipulated in EU and IAEA documents. During the emergency exercises Slovenian authorities gained experience how to provide timely and accurate information to the population in the emergency planning zone and to other population in Slovenia. In the future a dialogue should be established between the authorities and the public during an emergency, and not only one-way information flow. The response of the public in relation to the information provided should be constantly monitored and the need for additional information should be addressed without undue delay. PMID:15238654

Grlicarev, Igor; Stritar, Andrej

2004-01-01

126

76 FR 23330 - Notice of Proposed Information for Public Comment; Public Housing Authority Executive...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information for Public Comment; Public Housing Authority Executive Compensation Information...information: Title of Proposal: Public Housing Authority Executive Compensation Information...compensated employees. Public housing authorities receive significant...

2011-04-26

127

ADAPTIKs: Adaptive Information Keyholes for Public Libraries  

E-print Network

ADAPTIKs: Adaptive Information Keyholes for Public Libraries Jens M¨uller HCI Group University of public libraries the design has to take particular account on two domain-specific aspects. First, given that public libraries are demographically diverse places, a low barrier to entry has

Deussen, Oliver

128

Public culture, independent online news and the Tasmanian Times  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a case study of an independent online news site, the Tasmanian Times (http:\\/\\/www.tasmaniantimes.com), to highlight and analyse a number of critical issues in contemporary media culture and journalism practice. These issues include the social and political functions of online news sources, the interplay between contending discourses of `quality' and `tabloid' journalism, the role of celebrity culture and

Brett Hutchins

2007-01-01

129

Interactive Learning Online at Public Universities: Evidence from a Six-Campus Randomized Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online instruction is quickly gaining in importance in U.S. higher education, but little rigorous evidence exists as to its effect on student learning. We measure the effect on learning outcomes of a prototypical interactive learning online statistics course by randomly assigning students on six public university campuses to take the course in a…

Bowen, William G.; Chingos, Matthew M.; Lack, Kelly A.; Nygren, Thomas I.

2014-01-01

130

Private State in Public Media Subjectivity in French Traditional and On-line News  

E-print Network

Politics Politics Society Society Culture Culture Culture Media Media Religion Bizarre Life and StylePrivate State in Public Media Subjectivity in French Traditional and On-line News Anne K and two forms of alternative on-line media with respect to the expression of authorial stance. Our

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

131

Online Health Information: Can You Trust It?  

MedlinePLUS

... computer class. They are learning to use the Internet to find health information. Maria's husband, who is ... trust the health information we get on the Internet?" There are thousands of health-related websites on ...

132

2013NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. nature neurOSCIenCe advance online publication  

E-print Network

©2013NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. nature neurOSCIenCe advance online publication a r t I C identify ligands for several orphan odorant receptors, determine the prevalence and functional consequences

133

NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION 1 Oversulfated chondroitin sulfate is a contaminant in  

E-print Network

NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION 1 Oversulfated chondroitin sulfate is a contaminant-acetylgalactosamine. The disaccharide unit has an unusual sulfation pattern and is sulfated at the 2-O and 3-O positions

Sasisekharan, Ram

134

The Public Life of Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mid-twentieth century marked a shift in Americans' fundamental orientation toward information. Rather than news or knowledge, information became a disembodied quantum--strings of ones and zeros processed, increasingly, by complex machines. This dissertation examines how Americans became acquainted with "information", as newly conceived by…

Rowe, Josh

2011-01-01

135

5 CFR 294.201 - Public information policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of information when requested by a member of the public, the Office has an independent public information policy for bringing to the attention of the public through news releases, publications of the Office, or other methods, information...

2012-01-01

136

5 CFR 294.201 - Public information policy.  

...of information when requested by a member of the public, the Office has an independent public information policy for bringing to the attention of the public through news releases, publications of the Office, or other methods, information...

2014-01-01

137

5 CFR 294.201 - Public information policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of information when requested by a member of the public, the Office has an independent public information policy for bringing to the attention of the public through news releases, publications of the Office, or other methods, information...

2011-01-01

138

5 CFR 294.201 - Public information policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of information when requested by a member of the public, the Office has an independent public information policy for bringing to the attention of the public through news releases, publications of the Office, or other methods, information...

2010-01-01

139

5 CFR 294.201 - Public information policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of information when requested by a member of the public, the Office has an independent public information policy for bringing to the attention of the public through news releases, publications of the Office, or other methods, information...

2013-01-01

140

Lessons Learned About Public Health from Online Crowd Surveillance  

PubMed Central

Abstract The Internet has forever changed the way people access information and make decisions about their healthcare needs. Patients now share information about their health at unprecedented rates on social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook and on medical discussion boards. In addition to explicitly shared information about health conditions through posts, patients reveal data on their inner fears and desires about health when searching for health-related keywords on search engines. Data are also generated by the use of mobile phone applications that track users' health behaviors (e.g., eating and exercise habits) as well as give medical advice. The data generated through these applications are mined and repackaged by surveillance systems developed by academics, companies, and governments alike to provide insight to patients and healthcare providers for medical decisions. Until recently, most Internet research in public health has been surveillance focused or monitoring health behaviors. Only recently have researchers used and interacted with the crowd to ask questions and collect health-related data. In the future, we expect to move from this surveillance focus to the “ideal” of Internet-based patient-level interventions where healthcare providers help patients change their health behaviors. In this article, we highlight the results of our prior research on crowd surveillance and make suggestions for the future. PMID:25045598

Merchant, Raina; Ungar, Lyle

2013-01-01

141

Online Cultural Heritage Exhibitions: A Survey of Information Retrieval Features  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: What kinds of online cultural heritage exhibitions are now available on the internet? How far have these cultural heritage institutions voyaged in terms of harnessing the power of information and communication technology and the interactivity of multimedia systems to exhibit cultural heritage resources? This study aims to highlight the…

Liew, Chern Li

2005-01-01

142

Alaska Master Gardener Online Course Syllabus 1. Course Information  

E-print Network

Alaska Master Gardener Online Course Syllabus 1. Course Information Title: Alaska Master Gardener Instructor: Heidi Rader Email: hbrader@alaska.edu Phone: (907) 452-8251 ext. 3477 Teaching Assistant: Glenna Gannon Email: master.gardener@alaska.edu Phone: (907) 452-8251 ext. 3281 Website: http

Sikes, Derek S.

143

Uses of Contextual Information to Support Online Tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we make a case for the role of user context information in supporting task performance online, examine previous attempts at representing and making use of user context factors, and highlight the limitations of existing tools and services. We then suggest how the emergent Semantic Web might be able to better facilitate the capture of knowledge regarding user

Tom Heath; Enrico Motta; Martin Dzbor

144

Online Information Retrieval for Economists: The Economic Literature Index.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basics of online searching for bibliographic citations are presented through use of the "Economic Literature Index" (ELI), which is available as File 139 on Dialog Information Services. This article focuses on the choice of media for bibliographic searches, search strategies, and the selection of alternative databases, such as "Social…

Ekwurzel, Drucilla; Saffran, Bernard

1985-01-01

145

The Role of Patient Satisfaction in Online Health Information Seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of online health information seeking are beginning to address a basic question: why do people turn to the Internet? This study draws upon the Uses and Gratifications (U&G) and Media System Dependency (MSD) perspectives to examine in this process the role played by satisfaction with care. The sample comprised 178 cancer listserv users, of whom 35% chose the Internet

Nupur Tustin

2010-01-01

146

SPIRES (Stanford Public Information Retrieval System) 1970-71 Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SPIRES (Stanford Public Information REtrieval System) is a computer information storage and retrieval system being developed at Stanford University with funding from the National Science Foundation. SPIRES has two major goals: to provide a user-oriented, interactive, on-line retrieval system for a variety of researchers at Stanford; and to support…

Parker, Edwin B.

147

Accessible online health promotion information for persons with disabilities.  

PubMed

Online health promotion materials have great potential to reach persons with disabilities and provide valuable information to this vulnerable population. While health promotion efforts are important for everyone, they are crucial for individuals with disabilities. Yet information needed to support these efforts is often presented in such a way that its access is limited or its content is inappropriate for this population. Whether designing or selecting online materials for individuals with disabilities, nurses can benefit from knowledge about strategies to make web sites more accessible or to assess the accessibility of existing web sites. The task of providing health promotion information to women with disabilities was undertaken as part of the "Health Promotion for Women with Disabilities Project" at Villanova University's College of Nursing. A web site was created as one method of providing information. This paper presents strategies that are used to make this site accessible. PMID:14998351

Smeltzer, Suzanne C; Zimmerman, Vanessa; Frain, Marita; DeSilets, Lynore; Duffin, Janice

2004-01-01

148

Dynamics of Information Spreading in Online Social Networks  

E-print Network

Online social networks (OSNs) are changing the way information spreads throughout the Internet. A deep understanding of information spreading in OSNs leads to both social and commercial benefits. In this paper, dynamics of information spreading (e.g., how fast and widely the information spreads against time) in OSNs are characterized, and a general and accurate model based on Interactive Markov Chains (IMCs) and mean-field theory is established. This model shows tight relations between network topology and information spreading in OSNs, e.g., the information spreading ability is positively related to the heterogeneity of degree distributions whereas negatively related to the degree-degree correlations in general. Further, the model is extended to feature the time-varying user behavior and the ever-changing information popularity. By leveraging the mean-field theory, the model is able to characterize the complicated information spreading process (e.g., the dynamic patterns of information spreading) with six pa...

Zhang, Sai; Chen, Xi; Liu, Xue

2014-01-01

149

Online writer identification using alphabetic information clustering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Writer identification is a topic of much renewed interest today because of its importance in applications such as writer adaptation, routing of documents and forensic document analysis. Various algorithms have been proposed to handle such tasks. Of particular interests are the approaches that use allographic features [1-3] to perform a comparison of the documents in question. The allographic features are used to define prototypes that model the unique handwriting styles of the individual writers. This paper investigates a novel perspective that takes alphabetic information into consideration when the allographic features are clustered into prototypes at the character level. We hypothesize that alphabetic information provides additional clues which help in the clustering of allographic prototypes. An alphabet information coefficient (AIC) has been introduced in our study and the effect of this coefficient is presented. Our experiments showed an increase of writer identification accuracy from 66.0% to 87.0% when alphabetic information was used in conjunction with allographic features on a database of 200 reference writers.

Tan, Guo Xian; Viard-Gaudin, Christian; Kot, Alex C.

2009-01-01

150

Best of British: British Information Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of British databases and information services to U.S. business searchers and describes several British databases and services. Topics covered include database contents, available search strategies, access from the United States, language differences, and dating problems. A directory of contacts is provided. (six…

Ojala, Marydee

1988-01-01

151

39 CFR 963.22 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO VIOLATIONS OF THE PANDERING ADVERTISEMENTS STATUTE, 39 U.S.C. 3008 § 963.22 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains...

2012-07-01

152

The usage of online tourist information sources in tourist information search: an exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tourist information search is a complex issue. This study contributes to the understanding of tourist information sources by comparing three online sources, that is, non-commercial travel blogs, Wikipedia and Yahoo! Knowledge+. A common denominator of a popular tourist information source is the presence of credible travel-oriented information, preferably in the form of personal experience or, if not so, carefully edited

Wee-Kheng Tan; Tong-He Chen

2011-01-01

153

The usage of online tourist information sources in tourist information search: an exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tourist information search is a complex issue. This study contributes to the understanding of tourist information sources by comparing three online sources, that is, non-commercial travel blogs, Wikipedia and Yahoo! Knowledge+. A common denominator of a popular tourist information source is the presence of credible travel-oriented information, preferably in the form of personal experience or, if not so, carefully edited

Wee-Kheng Tan; Tong-He Chen

2012-01-01

154

Information Security at Large Public Displays  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter we present a novel concept for personalized privacy support on large public displays. In a first step, two formative evaluations are conducted in order to analyze the requirements of potential users regarding the protection of private information on large public displays. The insights gained in these evaluations are used to design a system that automatically adapts the

Carsten Röcker; Carsten Magerkurth; Steve Hinske

2009-01-01

155

[The stakes of online gambling in Canada: a public health analysis].  

PubMed

Available data show that online gamblers spend more money and dedicate more time to playing compared to gamblers who do not play online, and are more likely to experience gambling problems. Among online players, young people and poker players show higher rates of gambling problems. These observations can be explained in part by such dangerous aspects of online gambling (and also electronic gaming machines) as: immediate and convenient accessibility; ability to pay electronically and to play on credit; anonymity; and the possibility for players to consume alcohol or other drugs while playing. These are elements that could facilitate the development or the intensification of problem gambling. This being said, the public discourse about the inevitability of legalized online gambling is quite unanimous and built upon such arguments as: the imperative duty of the state to protect the population against the dangers of the online gambling black market; and the fact that the medium in itself provides excellent consumer safeguards. A growing number of legislators are following the trend and choosing to establish state control over online gambling. We present some epidemiological and analytical data that challenge some of these assertions and decisions. We recommend a better integration of public health arguments into the commercialization and marketing of online gambling. PMID:22164549

Papineau, Elisabeth; Leblond, Jean

2011-01-01

156

Photosynthesis online.  

PubMed

Online access to the Internet and the World Wide Web have become important for public awareness and for educating the world's population, including its political leaders, students, researchers, teachers, and ordinary citizens seeking information. Relevant information on photosynthesis-related Web sites and other online locations is grouped into several categories: (1) group sites, (2) sites by subject, (3) individual researcher's sites, (4) sites for educators and students, and (5) other useful sites. PMID:20577902

Orr, Larry; Govindjee

2010-08-01

157

'Meatball searching' - The adversarial approach to online information retrieval  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is proposed that the different styles of online searching can be described as either formal (highly precise) or informal with the needs of the client dictating which is most applicable at a particular moment. The background and personality of the searcher also come into play. Particular attention is focused on meatball searching which is a form of online searching characterized by deliberate vagueness. It requires generally comprehensive searches, often on unusual topics and with tight deadlines. It is most likely to occur in search centers serving many different disciplines and levels of client information sophistication. Various information needs are outlined as well as the laws of meatball searching and the adversarial approach. Traits and characteristics important to sucessful searching include: (1) concept analysis, (2) flexibility of thinking, (3) ability to think in synonyms and (4) anticipation of variant word forms and spellings.

Jack, R. F.

1985-01-01

158

Incorporating profile information in community detection for online social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Community structure is an important feature in the study of complex networks. It is because nodes of the same community may have similar properties. In this paper we extend two popular community detection methods to partition online social networks. In our extended methods, the profile information of users is used for partitioning. We apply the extended methods in several sample networks of Facebook. Compared with the original methods, the community structures we obtain have higher modularity. Our results indicate that users' profile information is consistent with the community structure of their friendship network to some extent. To the best of our knowledge, this paper is the first to discuss how profile information can be used to improve community detection in online social networks.

Fan, W.; Yeung, K. H.

2014-07-01

159

Transforming The Public Health Information Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: The public health information infrastructure is undergoing,a transformation that is enabled,by changes,in health care informatics. The implementation,of the Health In- surance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996, the patient medical record infor- mation standards, and National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII) recommendations by the National Committee,on Vital and Health Statistics provide the basis for improved data reporting to public

John R. Lumpkin; Margaret S. Richards

2002-01-01

160

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

...2014-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2014-04-01

161

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2010-04-01

162

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2013-04-01

163

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2011-04-01

164

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2012-04-01

165

Design Scenarios for Web-Based Management of Online Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Internet enables access to more information, from a greater variety of perspectives and with greater immediacy, than ever before. A person may be interested in information to become more informed or to coordinate his or her local activities and place them into a larger, more global context. The challenge, as has been noted by many, is to sift through all the information to find what is relevant without becoming overwhelmed. Furthermore, the selected information must be put into an actionable form. The diversity of the Web has important consequences for the variety of ideas that are now available. While people once relied on newspaper editors to shape their view of the world, today's technology creates room for a more democratic approach. Today it is easy to pull news feeds from a variety of sources and aggregate them. It is less easy to push that information to a variety of channels. At a higher level, we might have the goal of collecting all the available information about a certain topic, on a daily basis. There are many new technologies available under the umbrella of Web 2.0, but it can be difficult to use them together for the management of online information. Web-based support for online communication management is the most appropriate choice to address the deficiencies apparent with current technologies. We consider the requirements and potential designs for such information management support, by following an example related to local food.

Hepting, Daryl H.; Maciag, Timothy

166

Public-Mailbox-Based Online Homework-Automatic-Processing Platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper present a novel homework processing platform. The platform can treat various kinds of homework in an entirely automatic way, including collection of homework, judgment, preservation of the result, and response of the result to the students. The platform can be always online so that the students' homework can be treated immediately. The establishment of the platform is based

Yuan Lin; Riping Gen; Guixian Xu

2009-01-01

167

An online spacecraft environment interactions information system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper reviews the role that EnviroNET assumes as a contemporary system that scientists and engineers can use to share information on networks that are connected globally. Advantage is being taken to use this powerful communication tool for the space community to articulate the various anomalies that our space systems are experiencing. EnviroNET is being considered as a test bed for developing an expert system for diagnosing environmentally induced anomalies for spacecraft. The various offline activities in progress toward this objective are described.

Lauriente, Michael

1990-01-01

168

Interactive energy atlas for Colorado and New Mexico: an online resource for decisionmakers and the public  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Throughout the western United States, increased demand for energy is driving the rapid development of oil, gas (including shale gas and coal-bed methane), and uranium, as well as renewable energy resources such as geothermal, solar, and wind. Much of the development in the West is occurring on public lands, including those under Federal and State jurisdictions. In Colorado and New Mexico, these public lands make up about 40 percent of the land area. Both states benefit from the revenue generated by energy production, but resource managers and other decisionmakers must balance the benefits of energy development with the potential consequences for ecosystems, recreation, and other resources. Although a substantial amount of geospatial data on existing energy development and energy potential is available, much of this information is not readily accessible to natural resource decisionmakers, policymakers, or the public. Furthermore, the data often exist in varied formats, requiring considerable processing before these datasets can be used to evaluate tradeoffs among resources, compare development alternatives, or quantify cumulative impacts. To allow for a comprehensive evaluation among different energy types, an interdisciplinary team of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists has developed an online Interactive Energy Atlas for Colorado and New Mexico. The Energy and Environment in the Rocky Mountain Area (EERMA) interdisciplinary team includes investigators from several USGS science centers1. The purpose of the EERMA Interactive Energy Atlas is to facilitate access to geospatial data related to energy resources, energy infrastructure, and natural resources that may be affected by energy development. The Atlas is designed to meet the needs of various users, including GIS analysts, resource managers, policymakers, and the public, who seek information about energy in the western United States. Currently, the Atlas has two primary capabilities, a GIS data viewer and an interactive map gallery.

Carr, N. B.; Babel, N.; Diffendorfer, J.; Ignizio, D.; Hawkins, S.; Latysh, N.; Leib, K.; Linard J.; Matherne, A.

2012-01-01

169

Modeling Information Diffusion in Online Social Networks with Partial Differential Equations  

E-print Network

Online social networks such as Twitter and Facebook have gained tremendous popularity for information exchange. The availability of unprecedented amounts of digital data has accelerated research on information diffusion in online social networks. However, the mechanism of information spreading in online social networks remains elusive due to the complexity of social interactions and rapid change of online social networks. Much of prior work on information diffusion over online social networks has based on empirical and statistical approaches. The majority of dynamical models arising from information diffusion over online social networks involve ordinary differential equations which only depend on time. In a number of recent papers, the authors propose to use partial differential equations(PDEs) to characterize temporal and spatial patterns of information diffusion over online social networks. Built on intuitive cyber-distances such as friendship hops in online social networks, the reaction-diffusion equations...

Wang, Haiyan; Xu, Kuai

2013-01-01

170

Sharing Data for Public Health Research by Members of an International Online Diabetes Social Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundSurveillance and response to diabetes may be accelerated through engaging online diabetes social networks (SNs) in consented research. We tested the willingness of an online diabetes community to share data for public health research by providing members with a privacy-preserving social networking software application for rapid temporal-geographic surveillance of glycemic control.Methods and FindingsSN-mediated collection of cross-sectional, member-reported data from an

Elissa R. Weitzman; Ben Adida; Skyler Kelemen; Kenneth D. Mandl; Beverley J. Shea

2011-01-01

171

The Dynamics of Information Access in the Online Media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While most research on information access focuses on search engines, a significant fraction of new information we are exposed to comes from news, whose source is increasingly shifting online. News, however, have a fleeting quality: in contrast with the 24-hour news cycle of the printed press, in the online and audiovisual media the non-stop stream of new developments often obliterates a news event within hours. Through archives, the Internet offers better long-term search-based access to old events than any other media before. Yet, if we are not exposed to a news item while prominently featured, it is unlikely that we will know what to search for. The accelerating news cycle raises several important questions: How long is a piece of news accessible without targeted search? What is the dynamics of news accessibility?

Dezso, Zoltan

2005-03-01

172

10 CFR 903.15 - Public information forums.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Public information forums. 903.15 Section 903.15 Energy...Administrations § 903.15 Public information forums. (a) One or more public information forums shall be held for major rate...

2012-01-01

173

10 CFR 903.15 - Public information forums.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Public information forums. 903.15 Section 903.15 Energy...Administrations § 903.15 Public information forums. (a) One or more public information forums shall be held for major rate...

2011-01-01

174

10 CFR 903.15 - Public information forums.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Public information forums. 903.15 Section 903.15 Energy...Administrations § 903.15 Public information forums. (a) One or more public information forums shall be held for major rate...

2013-01-01

175

10 CFR 903.15 - Public information forums.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Public information forums. 903.15 Section 903.15 Energy...Administrations § 903.15 Public information forums. (a) One or more public information forums shall be held for major rate...

2010-01-01

176

78 FR 5478 - Notice of Revised Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Authority Executive...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Authority Executive Compensation Information...Title of Proposal: Public Housing Authority Executive Compensation Information...compensation provided by public housing authorities (PHAs) to their five...

2013-01-25

177

Online bibliographic information: integration into an emerging IAIMS environment.  

PubMed

The Medical Library at Yale University has developed an online free-text database containing Current Contents citations. The database was designed to be integrated into an emerging campus-wide information environment. To this end Current Contents at Yale was designed with a user interface familiar to the Yale community, an alerting service based on electronic mail, and search expansion using the National Library of Medicine's Meta-1 metathesaurus. PMID:1336416

Paton, J A; Belanger, A; Cheung, K H; Grajek, S; Branch, K A; Ikeda, N; Sette, L; Miller, P L; Fryer, R K

1992-01-01

178

Inform Health Soc Care . Author manuscript Determinants of the frequency of online health information seeking  

E-print Network

Inform Health Soc Care . Author manuscript Page /1 11 Determinants of the frequency of online health information seeking: results of a web-based survey conducted in France in 2007 Emilie Renahy 1 Abstract Objective The Internet is a widespread source of health information

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

179

The quality of online information regarding dental implants.  

PubMed

Aims and objectives To analyse the quality of online information available to patients regarding dental implants.Design Cross sectional survey.Setting The websites analysed were UK based, owned by private practices and NHS secondary and tertiary care services. Information was collated in November 2013.Methods UK-based websites were analysed using UK based search engines.Outcome measures Websites were analysed based on content and reliability. Information regarding the speciality of authors and accreditation/affiliation to professional groups/medical institutions was also collated.Results Overall, website content quality was low, with 63% of sites averaging below 7/14 for their mean summed website content scores, and 67% of sites averaging below 8/16 for their mean reliability scores. 86.7% were accredited by a recognised national/international dental/surgical body but only 26.7% were affiliated to a professional group/medical institution. The authors were mainly dentists (73.3%).Conclusions These findings suggest that the online information regarding implant treatment is generally of low quality and many aspects such as long term outcomes and complications are overlooked. There is a need for the improvement of the quality of online information available to patients in order to make the best use of this tool in helping patients to make informed choices about their dental care. The Internet has the potential to dramatically change the clinician-patient relationship. Moreover, in light of the guidelines produced by the General Dental Council (GDC) in 2012 on the principles of ethical advertising, GDC registrants run the risk of fitness to practise proceedings and medico-legal challenges if the website content has potential to mislead patients. PMID:25377845

Ali, S; Woodmason, K; Patel, N

2014-11-01

180

Summary of: The quality of online information regarding dental implants.  

PubMed

Aims and objectives To analyse the quality of online information available to patients regarding dental implants.Design Cross sectional survey.Setting The websites analysed were UK based, owned by private practices and NHS secondary and tertiary care services. Information was collated in November 2013.Methods UK-based websites were analysed using UK based search engines.Outcome measures Websites were analysed based on content and reliability. Information regarding the speciality of authors and accreditation/affiliation to professional groups/medical institutions was also collated.Results Overall, website content quality was low, with 63% of sites averaging below 7/14 for their mean summed website content scores, and 67% of sites averaging below 8/16 for their mean reliability scores. 86.7% were accredited by a recognised national/international dental/surgical body but only 26.7% were affiliated to a professional group/medical institution. The authors were mainly dentists (73.3%).Conclusions These findings suggest that the online information regarding implant treatment is generally of low quality and many aspects such as long term outcomes and complications are overlooked. There is a need for the improvement of the quality of online information available to patients in order to make the best use of this tool in helping patients to make informed choices about their dental care. The Internet has the potential to dramatically change the clinician-patient relationship. Moreover, in light of the guidelines produced by the General Dental Council (GDC) in 2012 on the principles of ethical advertising, GDC registrants run the risk of fitness to practise proceedings and medico-legal challenges if the website content has potential to mislead patients. PMID:25377824

Wright, Dr Simon

2014-11-01

181

Analyzing Online Information Privacy Concerns: An Information Processing Theory Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advent of the Internet has made the transmission of personally identifiable information common and often inadvertent to the user. As a consequence, individuals worry that companies misuse their information. Firms have tried to mitigate this concern in two ways: (1) offering privacy policies regarding the handling and use of personal information, (2) offering benefits such as financial gains or

Il-horn Hann; KAI-LUNG HUI; Sang-yong Tom Lee; Ivan P. L. Png

2007-01-01

182

The Reflective Online Searching Skills (ROSS) Environment: embedding information literacy into student learning through an online environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Reflective Online Searching Skills (ROSS) Environment is an e-learning tool that fosters the development of student skill and knowledge in online searching. It was developed with the support of Faculty of Information Technology and the Teaching and Learning Support Services at the Queensland University of Technology (QUT). In 2007 ROSS is being developed for use within the first year

Helen Partridge; Sylvia Edwards; Andrew Baker; Lynn McAllister

2008-01-01

183

Design Considerations for Today's Online Learners: A Study of Personalized, Relationship-Based Social Awareness Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examined online learners' preferences in personalized, relationship-based social awareness information sharing in course management systems. Three hundred seventy-seven online learners' willingness to share social awareness information was measured through a national survey. Results indicated that today's online learners are open…

Heo, Misook

2009-01-01

184

Videolyzer: quality analysis of online informational video for bloggers and journalists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tools to aid people in making sense of the information quality of online informational video are essential for media consumers seeking to be well informed. Our application, Videolyzer, addresses the information quality problem in video by allowing politically motivated bloggers or journalists to analyze, collect, and share criticisms of the information quality of online political videos. Our interface innovates by

Nicholas Diakopoulos; Sergio Goldenberg; Irfan A. Essa

2009-01-01

185

Online Public Health Preparedness Training Programs: An Evaluation of User Experience with the Technological Environment  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Several public health education programs and government agencies across the country have started offering virtual or online training programs in emergency preparedness for people who are likely to be involved in managing or responding to different types of emergency situations such as natural disasters, epidemics, bioterrorism, etc. While such online training programs are more convenient and cost-effective than traditional classroom-based programs, their success depends to a great extent on the underlying technological environment. Specifically, in an online technological environment, different types of user experiences come in to play—users’ utilitarian or pragmatic experience, their fun or hedonic experience, their social experience, and most importantly, their usability experience—and these different user experiences critically shape the program outcomes, including course completion rates. This study adopts a multi-disciplinary approach and draws on theories in human computer interaction, distance learning theories, usability research, and online consumer behavior to evaluate users’ experience with the technological environment of an online emergency preparedness training program and discusses its implications for the design of effective online training programs. . Methods: Data was collected using a questionnaire from 377 subjects who had registered for and participated in online public health preparedness training courses offered by a large public university in the Northeast. Results: Analysis of the data indicates that as predicted, participants had higher levels of pragmatic and usability experiences compared to their hedonic and sociability experiences. Results also indicate that people who experienced higher levels of pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences were more likely to complete the course(s) they registered for compared to those who reported lower levels. Discussion: The study findings hold important implications for the design of effective online emergency preparedness training targeted at diverse audiences including the general public, health care and public health professionals, and emergency responders. Strategies for improving participants’ pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences are outlined. Conclusion: There are ample opportunities to improve the pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences of the target audience. This is critical to improve the participants’ learning and retention as well as the completion rates for the courses offered. Online emergency preparedness programs are likely to play a crucial role in preparing emergency responders at all levels in the future and their success has critical implications for public health informatics. PMID:23569595

Nambisan, Priya

2010-01-01

186

Fukushima, Facebook and Feeds: Informing the Public in a Digital Era  

Microsoft Academic Search

The now-ubiquitous presence of the Internet and social media like Twitter, Facebook, and blogs enabled misinformation about the nuclear disaster at Fukushima to spread at the speed of electricity. It also allowed the public rapid access to large amounts of knowledge from unconventional classes of experts, and a unique opportunity to learn about nuclear power. The benefits of online information

Lara Pierpoint

2011-01-01

187

Design of an online health-promoting community: negotiating user community needs with public health goals and service capabilities  

PubMed Central

Background An online health-promoting community (OHPC) has the potential to promote health and advance new means of dialogue between public health representatives and the general public. The aim of this study was to examine what aspects of an OHPC that are critical for satisfying the needs of the user community and public health goals and service capabilities. Methods Community-based participatory research methods were used for data collection and analysis, and participatory design principles to develop a case study OHPC for adolescents. Qualitative data from adolescents on health appraisals and perspectives on health information were collected in a Swedish health service region and classified into categories of user health information exchange needs. A composite design rationale for the OHPC was completed by linking the identified user needs, user-derived requirements, and technical and organizational systems solutions. Conflicts between end-user requirements and organizational goals and resources were identified. Results The most prominent health information needs were associated to food, exercise, and well-being. The assessment of the design rationale document and prototype in light of the regional public health goals and service capabilities showed that compromises were needed to resolve conflicts involving the management of organizational resources and responsibilities. The users wanted to discuss health issues with health experts having little time to set aside to the OHPC and it was unclear who should set the norms for the online discussions. Conclusions OHPCs can be designed to satisfy both the needs of user communities and public health goals and service capabilities. Compromises are needed to resolve conflicts between users’ needs to discuss health issues with domain experts and the management of resources and responsibilities in public health organizations. PMID:23826944

2013-01-01

188

Public Preferences about Secondary Uses of Electronic Health Information  

PubMed Central

Importance As health information technology grows secondary uses of personal health information offer promise in advancing research, public health, and health care. Public perceptions about personal health data sharing are important to establish and evaluate ethical and regulatory structures for overseeing the use of these data. Objective Measure patient preferences toward sharing their electronic health information for secondary purposes—uses other than their own health care.. Design In this conjoint analysis study, participants were randomized to receive 6 of 18 scenarios describing secondary uses of electronic health information, constructed with 3 attributes: uses (research, health care quality improvement, marketing), users (university hospital, drug company, public health department), and data sensitivity (medical history, medical history plus genetic test results). This experimental design enabled participants to reveal their preferences for secondary uses of their personal health information. Setting and Participants We surveyed 3,336 Hispanic (n=568), non-Hispanic African American (n=500), and non-Hispanic White (n=2,268) adults representing 65.1% of those from a nationally representative, online panel. Main Outcomes and Measures Participants responded to each conjoint scenario by rating their willingness to share their electronic personal health information on a 1–10 scale (1=low, 10=high). Conjoint analysis yields importance weights reflecting the contribution of a dimension (use, user, sensitivity) to willingness to share personal health information. Results The use of data was the most important factor in the conjoint analysis (63.4% importance weight) compared to the user (32.6% importance weight) and data sensitivity (importance weight: 3.1%). In unadjusted models, marketing uses (?1.55, p<0.001), quality improvement uses (?0.51, p<0.001), drug company users (?0.80, p<0.001) and public health department users (?0.52, p<0.001) were associated with less willingness to share health information compared to research (use) and university hospitals (users). Hispanics and African-Americans discriminated less between the three uses compared to Whites. Conclusions and Relevance Participants cared most about the specific purpose for using their health information, though differences were smaller among racial and ethnic minorities. The user of the information was of secondary importance and the sensitivity of information was not a significant factor. These preferences should be considered in policies governing secondary uses of health information. PMID:23958803

Grande, David; Mitra, Nandita; Shah, Anand; Wan, Fei; Asch, David A.

2014-01-01

189

This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army.mil/doctrine/index.html).  

E-print Network

#12;This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army Army Doctrine Reference Publication No. 3-05 Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC, 31 ........................................................................... 1-10 Army Special Operations Forces Characteristics ............................................ 1

US Army Corps of Engineers

190

Online resources in pediatric surgery: the new era of medical information.  

PubMed

Tele-education has the potential to facilitate rapid sharing and dissemination of current research and knowledge among pediatric surgeons around the world. Classically, the exchange of surgical research occurred via national surgical conferences, articles published in peer-reviewed journals, and textbooks. The advent of Web 2.0 and the rapid pace of technologic advancement have allowed knowledge, education, and research to be exchanged online. Virtual symposiums act as online conferences where participants present and debate new research and surgical techniques in real-time web meetings. Resource libraries allow up-to-date information to be archived and viewed at the user's convenience, bypassing the need to wait long periods for paper publications. Tele-education allows pediatric surgeons to connect and share ideas around the world, while saving time and money. PMID:25111279

Raigani, Siavash; Numanoglu, Alp; Schwachter, Marc; Ponsky, Todd A

2014-08-01

191

Distributive Education Programs. A Program Information Publication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for reference use by vocational education decision makers, including chief school officers, administrative and supervisory personnel, and advisory councils, this publication contains information on topics to be considered before, during, and after establishing a program for distributive education. A section is devoted to each of the…

Ely, Vivien King

192

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY  

E-print Network

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL the presence of shock waves emanating through this unexplored region of space. When the progress of a fast solar wind stream is obstructed by slow flowing wind, a shock wave may be generated. A "forward" shock

Christian, Eric

193

Publicity, Privacy, and Permanence of Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The quantum principles of superposition and entanglement have led to a recasting of the foundations of information and computation theory, and are especially helpful in understanding the nature of privacy. The most private information, exemplified by a quantum eraser experiment, is best regarded as existing only conditionally and temporarily-after the experiment is over no trace remains. Less private is classically-secret information-quantum information that has decohered, and thus become recoverable in principle, though not in practice, from portions of the environment. Finally there is public information, which has been replicated so thoroughly throughout the environment as to be infeasible to conceal. The Internet has caused an explosion of public information, with the beneficial side effect of making it harder for despots to rewrite the history of their misdeeds, and it is tempting to hope that all macroscopic information is permanent, making such cover-ups impossible in principle if not in practice. However, by comparing entropy flows into and out of the Earth with estimates of the planet's storage capacity, we conclude that most macroscopic information-for example the pattern of sand grains on an ancient beach-is impermanent, in the sense of becoming irrecoverable in principle from the Earth though still recorded in the Universe.

Bennett, Charles H.

2006-11-01

194

Is Twitter a Public Sphere for Online Conflicts? A Cross-Ideological and Cross-Hierarchical Look  

E-print Network

The rise in popularity of Twitter has led to a debate on its impact on public opinions. The optimists foresee an increase in online participation and democratization due to social media's personal and interactive nature. Cyber-pessimists, on the other hand, explain how social media can lead to selective exposure and can be used as a disguise for those in power to disseminate biased information. To investigate this debate empirically, we evaluate Twitter as a public sphere using four metrics: equality, diversity, reciprocity and quality. Using these measurements, we analyze the communication patterns between individuals of different hierarchical levels and ideologies. We do this within the context of three diverse conflicts: Israel-Palestine, US Democrats-Republicans, and FC Barcelona-Real Madrid. In all cases, we collect data around a central pair of Twitter accounts representing the two main parties. Our results show in a quantitative manner that Twitter is not an ideal public sphere for democratic conversat...

Liu, Zhe

2014-01-01

195

Applying Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior to a Study of Online Course Adoption in Public Relations Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used Icek Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior to research public relations faculty intentions of teaching online. All of the main predictor variables (Subjective Norms, Attitude toward the Act and Perceived Behavioral Control) were statistically significant at varying degrees in predicting intent to teach public relations online. Of the…

Knabe, Ann Peru

2012-01-01

196

Multiple issue publics in the high-choice media environment: media use, online activity, and political knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the role of membership in multiple issue publics by understanding its relationship to media use, online activity, and political knowledge. Using data from Taiwan's 2008 Social Change Survey, the study shows that members of multiple issue publics was positively associated with television watching, political talk show watching, and online news reading. In addition, they were found to

Hsuan-Ting Chen

2012-01-01

197

Emotions, Public Opinion, and U.S. Presidential Approval Rates: A 5-Year Analysis of Online Political Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how emotional reactions to political events shape public opinion. We analyze political discussions in which people voluntarily engage online to approximate the public agenda: Online discussions offer a natural approach to the salience of political issues and the means to analyze emotional reactions as political events take…

Gonzalez-Bailon, Sandra; Banchs, Rafael E.; Kaltenbrunner, Andreas

2012-01-01

198

An Exploration of Search Patterns and Credibility Issues among Older Adults Seeking Online Health Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet is an important resource for health information, among younger and older people alike. Unfortunately, there are limitations associated with online health information. Research is needed on the quality of information found online and on whether users are being critical consumers of the information they find. Also, there is a need for…

Robertson-Lang, Laura; Major, Sonya; Hemming, Heather

2011-01-01

199

49 CFR 8.27 - Public availability of declassified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...available to the public to the maximum...the Departmental public information policies and procedures...furtherance of this policy, all classified...for the purpose of making the material publicly...or set aside for public release upon...

2010-10-01

200

49 CFR 8.27 - Public availability of declassified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...available to the public to the maximum...the Departmental public information policies and procedures...furtherance of this policy, all classified...for the purpose of making the material publicly...or set aside for public release upon...

2013-10-01

201

49 CFR 8.27 - Public availability of declassified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...available to the public to the maximum...the Departmental public information policies and procedures...furtherance of this policy, all classified...for the purpose of making the material publicly...or set aside for public release upon...

2012-10-01

202

49 CFR 8.27 - Public availability of declassified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...available to the public to the maximum...the Departmental public information policies and procedures...furtherance of this policy, all classified...for the purpose of making the material publicly...or set aside for public release upon...

2011-10-01

203

2010NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. nature immunology aDVaNCE ONLINE PUBLICaTION  

E-print Network

©2010NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. nature immunology aDVaNCE ONLINE PUBLICaTION A rt i c l the lesion, where they kill microbes through phagocytosis, the release of soluble antimicrobi- als accelerated apopto- sis due to oxidative stress caused by intracellular H2O2 production7. Neutrophils also

Nizet, Victor

204

Web-Based Online Public Access Catalogues of IIT Libraries in India: An Evaluative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to examine the various features and components of web-based online public access catalogues (OPACs) of IIT libraries in India with the help of a specially designed evaluation checklist. Design/methodology/approach: The various features of the web-based OPACs in six IIT libraries (IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT…

Madhusudhan, Margam; Aggarwal, Shalini

2011-01-01

205

2011NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. Nature GeNetics ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION  

E-print Network

©2011NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. Nature GeNetics ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION l e t t e r.3locusdonotseemtobeassociated withhumanpigmentationormeasuresofnevusdensity. To date, genome-wide association studies (GWAS susceptibility variants. These vari- ants seem to affect melanoma risk through their involvement in the known

Nyholt, Dale R.

206

Local Governance and the Online Networked Public Sphere – A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

What are the prospects for the Web enhancing the local governance process by providing a networked public sphere? This paper addresses this question by researching online local civic activity associated with a case study of a UK local government referendum. Drawing upon Social Network Analysis theory, this research first of all applies Relational Hyperlink Analysis to map and structurally analyse

Paul Hepburn

2012-01-01

207

Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences Online publication of seminars: permission form  

E-print Network

Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences Online publication of seminars: permission form Programme: Speaker Name: Home Institution: Date: Time: Title: Declaration I give permission for the Isaac Newton Institute and the University of Cambridge (Please delete if/as appropriate) a) to record my

208

This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (www.us.army.mil) and  

E-print Network

#12;This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (www.us.army.mil) and General Dennis J. Reimer Training and Doctrine Digital Library at (www.train.army.mil). #12;FMI 6-02.45, C1 Change 1 HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Washington, DC, 7 May 2008 Signal Support to Theater

US Army Corps of Engineers

209

nature genetics advance online publication 1 Promoter-specific binding of Rap1  

E-print Network

article nature genetics · advance online publication 1 Promoter-specific binding of Rap1 revealed. Brown1 We determined the distribution of repressor-activator protein 1 (Rap1) and the accessory silencing proteins Sir2, Sir3 and Sir4 in vivo on the entire yeast genome, at a resolution of 2 kb. Rap1

Liu, Xiaole Shirley

210

Principal Perceptions about the Implementation and Effectiveness of Online Learning in Public High Schools in Indiana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine the principal perceptions and demographic relationship of the implementation and effectiveness of online learning in non-charter Indiana public high schools. An analysis was prepared to determine whether demographic factors played a role in the principal's perceptions of the implementation…

Rayle, Timothy W.

2011-01-01

211

2014NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. nature biotechnology advance online publication  

E-print Network

©2014NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. nature biotechnology advance online publication a n a ly medicine. Here we focus on predicting drug response based on a cohort of genomic, epigenomic and proteomic approaches that can be leveraged for the development of new methods. The success of precision medicine hinges

Kaski, Samuel

212

nature geoscience | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturegeoscience 1 Short-lived uncertainty?  

E-print Network

with a large cooling effect from short-lived aerosol pollutants, but it could equally be attributed to a lownature geoscience | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturegeoscience 1 commentary Short-lived and David S. Stevenson Short-lived greenhouse gases and black-carbon aerosols have contributed to past

213

77 FR 42323 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Agency (PHA) Lease...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Agency (PHA) Lease and Grievance Requirements AGENCY: Office of the Assistant...following information: Title of Proposal: Public Housing Agency (PHA) Lease and Grievance Requirements. OMB Approval Number:...

2012-07-18

214

Publication Forthcoming Online Biobanks, Privacy, and the Subpoena Power  

E-print Network

and charged with ten counts of murder. Rader, otherwise known as the serial killer BTK (for bind, torture demonstrate before they may access this information? A reasonably good suspicion that a serial 1 Ellen

215

17 CFR 40.8 - Availability of public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Availability of public information. 40.8 Section...Availability of public information. (a) The...forth the applicant's governance structure, and any...forth the facility's governance structure, and any...treatment. (c) Any information required to be...

2010-04-01

216

17 CFR 40.8 - Availability of public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Availability of public information. 40.8 Section...Availability of public information. (a) The...forth the applicant's governance structure, and any...forth the facility's governance structure, and any...treatment. (c) Any information required to be...

2011-04-01

217

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Public access to information. 456.4 Section 456.4 General...CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It...

2011-01-01

218

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Public access to information. 456.4 Section 456.4 General...CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It...

2010-01-01

219

15 CFR 2007.6 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Information open to public...ELIGIBILITY OF ARTICLES AND COUNTRIES FOR THE GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCE... § 2007.6 Information open to public...With exception of information subject...

2010-01-01

220

15 CFR 2007.7 - Information exempt from public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Information exempt from public...ELIGIBILITY OF ARTICLES AND COUNTRIES FOR THE GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCE PROGRAM... § 2007.7 Information exempt from public...inspection. (a) Information submitted...

2010-01-01

221

Increasing MSW Students' Information Competencies through Online Tutorials, Application Exercises, and Course Assignments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing MSW students' information competencies was achieved through a 2-year project in which online video tutorials, in-class exercises, and course assignments were created and integrated into two required foundation courses. Tutorials demonstrated basic and advanced search techniques, online databases, and online course-specific research…

Kayser, John A.; Bowers, Jennifer; Jiang, Lin; Bussey, Marian

2013-01-01

222

End User Behavior on an Online Information Retrieval System: A Computer Monitoring Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a computer monitoring study of users of the Ohio State University Libraries' online catalog, an established and heavily used information retrieval system. To our knowledge, this is the first monitoring study of an online catalog performed without system-defined user sessions. Online catalogs represent a class of retrieval systems which are designed for end users, require little or

Christine L. Borgman

1983-01-01

223

How People Read Books Online: Mining and Visualizing Web Logs for Use Information  

E-print Network

usage of an online digital library of children's books (the International Children's Digital LibraryHow People Read Books Online: Mining and Visualizing Web Logs for Use Information Rong Chen1 , Anne}@cs.umd.edu Abstract. This paper explores how people read books online. Instead of observing individuals, we analyze

Golbeck, Jennifer

224

The utilization of Arabic online drug information among adults in Saudi Arabia.  

PubMed

In Saudi Arabia, the utilization of the world wide web has become increasingly popular. However, the exact figure of such use is unknown. This study aimed to determine the percentage of, and experience with, online Arabic drug information by Arabic-speaking adults in Saudi Arabia. A web based questionnaire was used. The questionnaire language was Arabic. Public were invited to participate in the survey through e-mails, Twitter, WhatsApp and Facebook in March 2012. The survey included 17 items examining the types of accessed Arabic drug information, the respondent's demographics, their ability to easily find and understand Arabic drug-related information, and their trustfulness and dependency on such information websites. Of the 422 Arabic speaking adults who answered the questionnaire, 88% stated that they used Arabic websites to answer drug-related questions. Of the respondents, 50% had a bachelor's degree, 44% were young adults, over half were female (60%), and 72% of them have a chronic disease. The ease of retrieving online information was the most common reason (69%) for consulting such websites. Google as a search engine was the most frequently (86%) accessible website. Although respondents reported different drug-related topics in their online searching, the search for adverse effects was the most common (68%). Respondents claimed that they could easily find (65%) and understand (49%) the drug-related information. Although a good number of respondents qualified this type of information as good, double-checking of information on other websites was highly recommended. Trustfulness was one of the important parameters to measure and 205 respondents (55%) claimed that they only trusted half of the information cited. Moreover, around 48% of respondents considered that finding the same information on more than one website increased its trustfulness. Surprisingly, 54% of respondents did not depend on Arabic information websites when making decisions on drug use. There are a high proportion of Arabic speaking people in Saudi Arabia using and consulting Arabic drug information websites. This information is easily found and understood. However, the quality and trustfulness of such websites are not high enough to depend on them. A qualified Arabic drug information website is important to meet this need. PMID:23960806

Abanmy, Norah O; Al-Quait, Nouf A; Alami, Amani H; Al-Juhani, Meshaal H; Al-Aqeel, Sinaa

2012-10-01

225

The utilization of Arabic online drug information among adults in Saudi Arabia  

PubMed Central

In Saudi Arabia, the utilization of the world wide web has become increasingly popular. However, the exact figure of such use is unknown. This study aimed to determine the percentage of, and experience with, online Arabic drug information by Arabic-speaking adults in Saudi Arabia. A web based questionnaire was used. The questionnaire language was Arabic. Public were invited to participate in the survey through e-mails, Twitter, WhatsApp and Facebook in March 2012. The survey included 17 items examining the types of accessed Arabic drug information, the respondent’s demographics, their ability to easily find and understand Arabic drug-related information, and their trustfulness and dependency on such information websites. Of the 422 Arabic speaking adults who answered the questionnaire, 88% stated that they used Arabic websites to answer drug-related questions. Of the respondents, 50% had a bachelor’s degree, 44% were young adults, over half were female (60%), and 72% of them have a chronic disease. The ease of retrieving online information was the most common reason (69%) for consulting such websites. Google as a search engine was the most frequently (86%) accessible website. Although respondents reported different drug-related topics in their online searching, the search for adverse effects was the most common (68%). Respondents claimed that they could easily find (65%) and understand (49%) the drug-related information. Although a good number of respondents qualified this type of information as good, double-checking of information on other websites was highly recommended. Trustfulness was one of the important parameters to measure and 205 respondents (55%) claimed that they only trusted half of the information cited. Moreover, around 48% of respondents considered that finding the same information on more than one website increased its trustfulness. Surprisingly, 54% of respondents did not depend on Arabic information websites when making decisions on drug use. There are a high proportion of Arabic speaking people in Saudi Arabia using and consulting Arabic drug information websites. This information is easily found and understood. However, the quality and trustfulness of such websites are not high enough to depend on them. A qualified Arabic drug information website is important to meet this need. PMID:23960806

Abanmy, Norah O.; Al-quait, Nouf A.; Alami, Amani H.; Al-Juhani, Meshaal H.; Al-Aqeel, Sinaa

2012-01-01

226

The role of patient satisfaction in online health information seeking.  

PubMed

Studies of online health information seeking are beginning to address a basic question: why do people turn to the Internet? This study draws upon the Uses and Gratifications (U&G) and Media System Dependency (MSD) perspectives to examine in this process the role played by satisfaction with care. The sample comprised 178 cancer listserv users, of whom 35% chose the Internet as their preferred source of health information compared with 19% who named their oncologist. Dissatisfied patients were significantly more likely to rate the Internet as a better source of information than the provider (p = .001). The level of empathy shown by the provider and the quality of time spent with the patient had a significant negative association with choosing the Internet as a preferred source of information, and a significant positive association with choosing the oncologist as an information source. The results from this study emphasize the significance of the patient-provider interaction. Dissatisfied patients' tendency to seek and trust information sources other than their physician also may have implications for compliance with treatment. PMID:20390974

Tustin, Nupur

2010-01-01

227

Social Media and Online Political Communication: The Role of Interpersonal Informational Trust and Openness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines relationships among interpersonal informational trust and openness with Internet-based political activities and attitudes. Conceptually, it proposes the categorization of online spaces and activities as consumption or interaction types, and classifies interpersonal informational trust within inner and outer circles. Interpersonal informational trust was found to be positively associated with perception of online activities as political participation. It also

Itai Himelboim; Ruthann Weaver Lariscy; Spencer F. Tinkham; Kaye D. Sweetser

2012-01-01

228

MANAGING INFORMATION PRIVACY AND INFORMATION ACCESS IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government agencies collect and disseminate data that bear on the most important issues of public interest. Advances in information technology, particularly the Internet, have multiplied the tension between demands for evermore comprehensive databases and demands for the shelter of privacy. In mediating between these two conflicting demands, agencies must address a host of difficult problems. These include providing access to

George T. Duncan

229

The U.S. Conference of Mayors: Online Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many urban areas are faced with similar problems, and it makes sense that many mayors in the United States have joined forces with The U.S. Conference of Mayors in order to speak with a unified voice about the issues that urban areas struggle with on a regular basis. With that in mind, the Conference of Mayors has put together this sage site which contains a diverse set of policy publications and attendant prescriptions addressing everything from brownfields to climate protection. The papers are organized chronologically and they date back to 1993. All told, there are over 50 papers available here and some of the more recent titles include a report on hunger and homelessness in American cities and an omnibus survey on cities' water management policies.

2008-01-01

230

Texas Public Information Act (Ch. 552, Government Code) The Texas Public Information Act (PIA) guarantees the public copies of or access to  

E-print Network

1 Texas Public Information Act (Ch. 552, Government Code) ďż˝ The Texas Public Information Act (PIA-party trade secrets or proprietary information, certain information related to System or member compliance

231

The prepared patient: information seeking of online support group members before their medical appointments.  

PubMed

The authors examined online support group members' reliance on their Internet community and other online and offline health resources as they prepare for a scheduled medical appointment. Adult members of an online support group (N = 505) with an upcoming medical appointment completed an online questionnaire that included measures of illness perceptions, control preference, trust in the physician, and eHealth literacy; a checklist of actions one could take to acquire health information; and demographic questions. A factor analysis identified 4 types of information seeking: reliance on the online support group, use of other online health resources, use of offline health resources, and personal network contacts. Previsit information seeking on the Internet was extensive and typically augmented with offline information. Use of online health resources was highest among those who believed they had control over their illness, who attributed many symptoms and negative emotions to it, and who were more eHealth literate. Reliance on the online support group was highest among those who believed they had personal control over their illness, expected their condition to persist, and attributed negative emotions to it. Trust in the physician and preferences for involvement in decision making were unrelated to online information seeking. Most respondents intended to ask their physician questions and request clinical resources based on online information. PMID:22574697

Hu, Xinyi; Bell, Robert A; Kravitz, Richard L; Orrange, Sharon

2012-01-01

232

e-MIR2: a public online inventory of medical informatics resources  

PubMed Central

Background Over the past years, the number of available informatics resources in medicine has grown exponentially. While specific inventories of such resources have already begun to be developed for Bioinformatics (BI), comparable inventories are as yet not available for the Medical Informatics (MI) field, so that locating and accessing them currently remains a difficult and time-consuming task. Description We have created a repository of MI resources from the scientific literature, providing free access to its contents through a web-based service. We define informatics resources as all those elements that constitute, serve to define or are used by informatics systems, ranging from architectures or development methodologies to terminologies, vocabularies, databases or tools. Relevant information describing the resources is automatically extracted from manuscripts published in top-ranked MI journals. We used a pattern matching approach to detect the resources’ names and their main features. Detected resources are classified according to three different criteria: functionality, resource type and domain. To facilitate these tasks, we have built three different classification schemas by following a novel approach based on folksonomies and social tagging. We adopted the terminology most frequently used by MI researchers in their publications to create the concepts and hierarchical relationships belonging to the classification schemas. The classification algorithm identifies the categories associated with resources and annotates them accordingly. The database is then populated with this data after manual curation and validation. Conclusions We have created an online repository of MI resources to assist researchers in locating and accessing the most suitable resources to perform specific tasks. The database contains 609 resources at the time of writing and is available at http://www.gib.fi.upm.es/eMIR2. We are continuing to expand the number of available resources by taking into account further publications as well as suggestions from users and resource developers. PMID:22857741

2012-01-01

233

EDGAR Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

IPO Express is a new database of over 2,500 initial public offer filings from EDGAR Online. Users can search by industry, company, underwriter, or geographic location and retrieve details on the offer, principle shareholders, and competitors in addition to other relevant company information.

234

Structure and Dynamics of Information Pathways in Online Media  

E-print Network

Diffusion of information, spread of rumors and infectious diseases are all instances of stochastic processes that occur over the edges of an underlying network. Many times networks over which contagions spread are unobserved, and such networks are often dynamic and change over time. In this paper, we investigate the problem of inferring dynamic networks based on information diffusion data. We assume there is an unobserved dynamic network that changes over time, while we observe the results of a dynamic process spreading over the edges of the network. The task then is to infer the edges and the dynamics of the underlying network. We develop an on-line algorithm that relies on stochastic convex optimization to efficiently solve the dynamic network inference problem. We apply our algorithm to information diffusion among 3.3 million mainstream media and blog sites and experiment with more than 179 million different pieces of information spreading over the network in a one year period. We study the evolution of in...

Rodriguez, Manuel Gomez; Schölkopf, Bernhard

2012-01-01

235

Online Public Access Catalog Research in the United Kingdom: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews recent and current research and development projects in the United Kingdom dealing with online information systems. Main areas of research (systems design, impact on user behavior and organizational structure, ergonomics and bibliographic factors) and research techniques (features analysis, transaction log analysis, surveys and comparative…

Kinsella, Janet; Bryant, Philip

1987-01-01

236

Online dating in Japan: a test of social information processing theory.  

PubMed

This study examines the experiences of past and present members of a popular Japanese online dating site in order to explore the extent to which Western-based theories of computer-mediated communication (CMC) and the development of online relationships are relevant to the Japanese online dating experience. Specifically, it examines whether social information processing theory (SIPT) is applicable to Japanese online dating interactions, and how and to what extent Japanese daters overcome the limitations of CMC through the use of contextual and other cues. Thirty-six current members and 27 former members of Match.com Japan completed an online survey. Using issue-based procedures for grounded theory analysis, we found strong support for SIPT. Japanese online daters adapt their efforts to present and acquire social information using the cues that the online dating platform provides, although many of these cues are specific to Japanese social context. PMID:19630584

Farrer, James; Gavin, Jeff

2009-08-01

237

10 CFR 903.15 - Public information forums.  

...for Public Participation in Power and Transmission Rate Adjustments and Extensions for the Alaska, Southeastern, Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.15 Public information forums. (a) One or more public...

2014-01-01

238

The provision of online public goods: Examining social structure in an electronic network of practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic networks of practice are computer-mediated social spaces where individuals working on similar problems self-organize to help each other and share knowledge, advice, and perspectives about their occupational practice or common interests. These interactions occur through message postings to produce an on-line public good of knowledge, where all participants in the network can then access this knowledge, regardless of their

Molly Mclure Wasko; Robin Teigland; Samer Faraj

2009-01-01

239

Virtual plagues and real-world pandemics: reflecting on the potential for online computer role-playing games to inform real world epidemic research.  

PubMed

In the wake of the Corrupted Blood incident, which afflicted the massively multiplayer online computer role-playing game World of Warcraft in 2005, it has been suggested that both, the incident itself and massively multiplayer online computer role-playing games in general, can be utilised to inform and assist real-world epidemic and public health research. In this paper, I engage critically with these claims. PMID:23584861

Oultram, Stuart

2013-12-01

240

Public Claims about Automatic External Defibrillators: An Online Consumer Opinions Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Patients are no longer passive recipients of health care, and increasingly engage in health communications outside of the\\u000a traditional patient and health care professional relationship. As a result, patient opinions and health related judgements\\u000a are now being informed by a wide range of social, media, and online information sources. Government initiatives recognise\\u000a self-delivery of health care as a valuable means

Arthur G Money; Julie Barnett; Jasna Kuljis

2011-01-01

241

7 CFR 1945.45 - Public information function.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Public information function. 1945.45 Section 1945.45 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.45 Public information function. A good...

2012-01-01

242

7 CFR 1945.45 - Public information function.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2009-01-01 true Public information function. 1945.45 Section 1945.45 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.45 Public information function. A good...

2011-01-01

243

7 CFR 1945.45 - Public information function.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 true Public information function. 1945.45 Section 1945.45 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.45 Public information function. A good...

2010-01-01

244

40 CFR 300.155 - Public information and community relations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Public information and community relations. 300.155 Section 300.155 ...155 Public information and community relations. (a) When an incident occurs...the damage. OSCs/RPMs and community relations personnel should ensure that all...

2010-07-01

245

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

...REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It is the Commission's general policy to facilitate the...information to the public. The Commission's...maximum fee the party making the request...

2014-01-01

246

14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.104 Public information coordination and concurrence...clearance by appropriate officials, keep each other informed of changes, delays, or cancellation of releases, and provide...

2010-01-01

247

14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.104 Public information coordination and concurrence...clearance by appropriate officials, keep each other informed of changes, delays, or cancellation of releases, and provide...

2012-01-01

248

14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.104 Public information coordination and concurrence...clearance by appropriate officials, keep each other informed of changes, delays, or cancellation of releases, and provide...

2013-01-01

249

14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.104 Public information coordination and concurrence...clearance by appropriate officials, keep each other informed of changes, delays, or cancellation of releases, and provide...

2011-01-01

250

14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.  

...ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.104 Public information coordination and concurrence...clearance by appropriate officials, keep each other informed of changes, delays, or cancellation of releases, and provide...

2014-01-01

251

Online Access by Adolescents in Accra: Ghanaian Teens' Use of the Internet for Health Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In developed countries, adolescents go online to find information about health; however, little is known about the online practices of youth from developing countries. This study's purpose was to explore and provide current information, drawn from adolescents living in Ghana's capital city of Accra, on the use of the Internet as a health…

Borzekowski, Dina L. G.; Fobil, Julius N.; Asante, Kofi O.

2006-01-01

252

Distance Students and Online Research: Promoting Information Literacy through Media Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's college students, particularly distance students, are increasingly dependent on the Web for their research needs. At the same time they lack the critical thinking skills required to successfully evaluate the actual credibility of online information, a critical aspect of information literacy. Furthermore, rather than access the online

Van de Vord, Rebecca

2010-01-01

253

Learners' Perceived Information Overload in Online Learning via Computer-Mediated Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies report information overload as one of the main problems that students encounter in online learning via computer-mediated communication. This study aimed to explore the sources of online students' information overload and offer suggestions for increasing students' cognitive resources for learning. Participants were 12 graduate students…

Chen, Chun-Ying; Pedersen, Susan; Murphy, Karen L.

2011-01-01

254

Information Revelation and Privacy in Online Social Networks (The Facebook case)  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Participation in social networking sites has dramatically increased in recent years. Services such as Friendster, Tribe, or the Facebook allow millions of individuals to create online profiles and share personal information with vast networks of friends - and, often, unknown numbers of strangers. In this paper we study patterns of information revelation in online social networks and their privacy

Ralph Gross; Alessandro Acquisti

255

Online Information Searching Strategy Inventory (OISSI): A Quick Version and a Complete Version  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed an instrument to evaluate student online information searching strategies based on a framework comprising three domains and seven aspects. Two versions of the Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), including both quick and complete versions, were finally established and exhibited good validities and…

Tsai, Meng-Jung

2009-01-01

256

CRCHD - Patient Navigation Information: Publications, Web Sites, and Applications  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - Patient Navigation Information: Publications, Web Sites, and Applications  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research PNP Background Patient Navigation Information Patient Navigation Concept What Are Patient Navigators? Patient Navigation

257

This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army.mil/doctrine/index.html).  

E-print Network

#12;This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army.mil/doctrine/index.html). #12;ADP 3-28 DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. i Army Doctrine Publication No. 3-28 Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC, 26 July 2012 Defense

US Army Corps of Engineers

258

76 FR 9637 - Proposed Information Collection (Veteran Suicide Prevention Online Quantitative Surveys) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the prevention of suicide among Veterans and their families. DATES: Written...Veterans and their families' awareness of VA's suicide prevention and...or contemplating suicide. Affected Public...b. Veterans Family Online...

2011-02-18

259

How up-to-date are Online Tourism Communities? An Empirical Evaluation of Commercial and Noncommercial Information Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

While social and economic aspects of online communities have been investigated broadly, the information exchanged has seldom been the subject of study. The article follows recent work on using an information systems metaphor for online communities: users specify queries and receive information from the online community members. In order to justify this metaphor, information needs to be at least up

Marco Prestipino; Felix-robinson Aschoff; Gerhard Schwabe

2007-01-01

260

Online particle physics information 1 Updated Jan. 2012 by T. Basaglia (CERN), A. Holtkamp (CERN).  

E-print Network

Online particle physics information 1 Updated Jan. 2012 by T. Basaglia (CERN), A. Holtkamp (CERN (PDG) resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3. Particle Physics Information Platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 4. Literature Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 5. Particle Physics

261

Online Information Exchanges for Parents of Children With a Rare Health Condition: Key Findings From an Online Support Community  

PubMed Central

Background The Internet provides new opportunities for parents of children with difficult illnesses and disabilities to find information and support. The Internet is particularly important for caregivers of children with special needs due to numerous health-related decisions they face. For at-risk populations, online support communities can become key settings and channels for health promotion and communication. Objective This study is an initial exploration of the information-seeking and information-provision processes present in an online support community, which is an area of opportunity and interest for Internet-based medical research and practice. The aim of this study was to explore and describe information-related processes of uncertainty management in relationship to clubfoot. Specifically, the study explored interpersonal communication (information seeking and provision) in an online support community serving the needs of parents of children with clubfoot. Methods The study population consisted of messages posted to an online community by caregivers (parents) of children with clubfoot. The theoretical framework informing the study was the Uncertainty Management Theory (UMT). The study used content analysis to explore and categorize the content of 775 messages. Results Women authored 664 of 775 messages (86%) and men authored 47 messages (6%). Caregivers managed uncertainty through information seeking and provision behaviors that were dynamic and multilayered. The ratio of information-seeking messages to information-provision responses was 1 to 4. All five types of information-seeking behaviors proposed by Brashers’ schema were identified, most of them being correlated. Information seeking using direct questions was found to be positively correlated to self-disclosure (r=.538), offering of a candidate answer (r=.318), and passive information seeking (r=.253). Self-disclosure was found to be positively correlated to provision of a candidate answer (r=.324), second-guessing (r=.149), and passive information seeking (r=.366). Provision of a candidate answer was found to be positively correlated with second-guessing (r=.193) and passive information seeking (r=.223). Second-guessing was found to be positively correlated to passive information seeking (r=.311). All correlations reported above were statistically significant (P<0.01). Of the 775 messages analyzed, 255 (33%) identified a medical professional or institution by name. Detailed medical information was provided in 101 (13%) messages, with the main source of information identified being personal experience rather than medical sources. Conclusion Online communities can be an effective channel for caregivers, especially women, to seek and offer information required for managing clubfoot-related uncertainty. To enhance communication with parents, health care institutions may need to invest additional resources in user-friendly online information sources and online interactions with caregivers of children with special illnesses such as clubfoot. Furthermore, explorations of information-seeking and information-provision behaviors in online communities can provide valuable data for interdisciplinary health research and practice. PMID:23470259

Campo, Shelly; Lowe, John; Andsager, Julie; Morcuende, Jose A

2013-01-01

262

FEDIX on-line information service: Design, develop, test, and implement an on-line research and education information service. Annual status report, September 1992--August 1993  

SciTech Connect

Federal Information Exchange, Inc. (FIE) is a diversified information services company that is recognized as the major electronic link between the higher education community and the Federal government in the field of research administration. FIE provides a range of information related services to the government, academic and private sectors, including database management, software development and technical support. FEDIX is the on-line information service designed, developed and implemented by FIE to accomplish the following objectives: (1). Broaden the participation of the education community in Federal research and education programs by providing free and unrestricted on-line access to information from all participating Federal agencies; and (2). Provide the education community with on-line access to a single keyword-searchable system for research and educational funding opportunities at the participating Federal agencies.

Rodman, J.A.

1993-08-01

263

Hoover's Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hoover's Online features an accurate and comprehensive database of company information free on the Web. Called Hoover's MasterList Plus, the database of more than 8,500 of the largest public and private U.S. companies provides company name, key personnel, address, sales, number of employees, ticker symbol and other information for companies meeting the user's designated search criteria. Hoover's Online also includes the week's top business news stories, a directory of more than 1,000 corporate Web sites, a synopsis of the 25 top-selling business books and links to other business information resources on the Web, including stock quotes and SEC filings. The new List of Lists has dozens of rankings indicating which companies are the largest, which CEOs made the most money, which companies are the best employers, and more. Almost all of Hoover's Online is free, including the content mentioned here.

1998-01-01

264

Characteristics of online and offline health information seekers and factors that discriminate between them.  

PubMed

Increasing number of individuals are using the internet to meet their health information needs; however, little is known about the characteristics of online health information seekers and whether they differ from individuals who search for health information from offline sources. Researchers must examine the primary characteristics of online and offline health information seekers in order to better recognize their needs, highlight improvements that may be made in the arena of internet health information quality and availability, and understand factors that discriminate between those who seek online vs. offline health information. This study examines factors that differentiate between online and offline health information seekers in the United States. Data for this study are from a subsample (n = 385) of individuals from the 2000 General Social Survey. The subsample includes those respondents who were asked Internet and health seeking module questions. Similar to prior research, results of this study show that the majority of both online and offline health information seekers report reliance upon health care professionals as a source of health information. This study is unique in that the results illustrate that there are several key factors (age, income, and education) that discriminate between US online and offline health information seekers; this suggests that general "digital divide" characteristics influence where health information is sought. In addition to traditional digital divide factors, those who are healthier and happier are less likely to look exclusively offline for health information. Implications of these findings are discussed in terms of the digital divide and the patient-provider relationship. PMID:15312915

Cotten, Shelia R; Gupta, Sipi S

2004-11-01

265

Lay information mediary behavior uncovered: exploring how nonprofessionals seek health information for themselves and others online*EC  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: This research studied motivations for, barriers to, and effects of online health information seeking and explored lay information mediary behavior (LIMB) characteristics in the consumer health information domain. Lay information mediaries (LIMs) seek information on behalf or because of others, without necessarily being asked to do so or engaging in follow up, and have represented more than 50% of

Jennie A. Abrahamson; Karen E. Fisher; Anne G. Turner; Joan C. Durrance; Tammara Combs Turner

2008-01-01

266

ERIC Online Retrieval System. Use of the DIALOG Online Information Retrieval System with ERIC Research in Education Files. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The utility of computer based on-line retrieval of material from the ERIC document files was tested by members of the ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Media and Technology at Stanford University and by the Region IX office of the U.S. Office of Education in San Francisco. The DIALOG retrieval system developed by the Information Sciences Group of…

Summit, Roger K.

267

32 CFR 518.6 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS THE FREEDOM...always with the legitimate public and private interests...requested by a member of the public who follows rules established by proper authority in DA shall...

2010-07-01

268

49 CFR 397.73 - Public information and reporting requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MATERIALS; DRIVING AND PARKING RULES Routing of Non-Radioactive Hazardous Materials...Public information. Information on NRHM routing designations must be made available...Each State or Indian tribe, through its routing agency, shall provide information...

2010-10-01

269

Information Literacy: An Online Course for Student Library Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As technology advances continue to impact K-12 schools, online education options offer alternative choices for both teaching and learning. Library media specialists, long committed to providing physical and intellectual access to instructional materials, have responded to changing needs in this online world. They had previously created a virtual…

Lincoln, Margaret

2009-01-01

270

Online client-server load balancing without global information  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider distributed online algorithms for maximizing through-put in a network of clients and servers, modeled as a bipartite graph. Unlike most prior work on online load balancing, we do not assume centralized control and seek algorithms and lower bounds for decentralized algorithms in which each participant has only local knowledge about the state of itself and its neighbors. Our

Baruch Awerbuch; Mohammad Taghi Hajiaghayi; Robert D. Kleinberg; Tom Leighton

2005-01-01

271

The Information Professional's Guide to Career Development Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

A practical guide for Internet-connected librarians interested in using online tools to advance their careers. This volume provides practical advice on topics ranging from current awareness services and personal Web pages to distance education, electronic resumes, and online job searches.

Sarah L. Nesbeitt; Rachel Singer Gordon

2002-01-01

272

Social Operational Information, Competence, and Participation in Online Collective Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent advances in interactive web technologies, combined with widespread broadband and mobile device adoption, have made online collective action commonplace. Millions of individuals work together to aggregate, annotate, and share digital text, audio, images, and video. Given the prevalence and importance of online collective action systems,…

Antin, Judd David

2010-01-01

273

Setting the Public Agenda for Online Health Search: A White Paper and Action Agenda  

PubMed Central

Background Searches for health information are among the most common reasons that consumers use the Internet. Both consumers and quality experts have raised concerns about the quality of information on the Web and the ability of consumers to find accurate information that meets their needs. Objective To produce a national stakeholder-driven agenda for research, technical improvements, and education that will improve the results of consumer searches for health information on the Internet. Methods URAC, a national accreditation organization, and Consumer WebWatch (CWW), a project of Consumers Union (a consumer advocacy organization), conducted a review of factors influencing the results of online health searches. The organizations convened two stakeholder groups of consumers, quality experts, search engine experts, researchers, health-care providers, informatics specialists, and others. Meeting participants reviewed existing information and developed recommendations for improving the results of online consumer searches for health information. Participants were not asked to vote on or endorse the recommendations. Our working definition of a quality Web site was one that contained accurate, reliable, and complete information. Results The Internet has greatly improved access to health information for consumers. There is great variation in how consumers seek information via the Internet, and in how successful they are in searching for health information. Further, there is variation among Web sites, both in quality and accessibility. Many Web site features affect the capability of search engines to find and index them. Conclusions Research is needed to define quality elements of Web sites that could be retrieved by search engines and understand how to meet the needs of different types of searchers. Technological research should seek to develop more sophisticated approaches for tagging information, and to develop searches that "learn" from consumer behavior. Finally, education initiatives are needed to help consumers search more effectively and to help them critically evaluate the information they find. PMID:15249267

D'Andrea, Guy; Lorence, Dan

2004-01-01

274

Information Access through Electronic Databases for Rural Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To compile a list of recommended electronic databases for rural libraries, public library patron questions received by the Arizona State Reference Center were searched on ten databases. The results indicated Books in Print, Magazine Database, ABI/INFORM, Public Affairs Information System (PAIS), and Government Printing Office (GPO) Publications

Canepi, Kitti

1997-01-01

275

Improving the usability of online information when translated from English to Chinese  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business information systems are usually written and presented in English, with graphics designed from a western cultural perspective. Online help and error messages are likewise written and displayed in English. To exploit global marketplace opportunities, business systems must be designed to accommodate a range of cultural conventions, with printed documentation and online help translated into local languages. The paper discusses

Julie Fisher; Janice Chong

1996-01-01

276

New Form of Identity (ID) Theft Crime: Acquiring Personal Information from Your Online Newsletter Providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using sophisticated means, Identity (ID) Thieves can acquire victims' personal information for their own deeds from online news providers. This paper discusses how ID Thieves may compile their stock of trade from Directory Harvest Attacks (DHAs) and launch the attacks against online news providers with two possible attack methodologies. This follows by an evaluation of the inadequacy of the current

Gim Hiong Soh; Timo Vuori

2004-01-01

277

Empirical Study on Gender Differences in Merchandise Picture Information Influencing Online Shopping Impulse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there are lots of researches about online-stores, researchers seem to neglect the impact that merchandise pictures have on customers. We use the PDP (process dissociation procedure) to study different gender subjects' information automatic processing in face of different types of merchandise pictures with and without real human. The results will help reveal customers' online shopping impulse. The research results

Ren Lingyu; Zhang Ying

2010-01-01

278

Design and implementation to intelligent online exam system for course Information Resource Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared with the traditional exam, online examination system can greatly enhance the evaluation capacities, reduce the human input and improve the work efficiencies. So it has considerable economical efficiency and broad prospect. Examination is used in course Information Resource Management in order to solve the problems in evaluating. An intelligent online exam system is developed and the examination library of

Ming Xiao; Liyang He

2010-01-01

279

78 FR 42537 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Online Survey of Web Services Employers; New...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection Activities: Online Survey of Web Services Employers; New Information Collection...the Form/Collection: Online Survey of Web Services Employers. (3) Agency form number...USCIS obtains data on the E-Verify Program Web Services. Gaining an understanding of...

2013-07-16

280

An Observational Study of Man-Computer Interaction Using an Online Bibliographic Information Retrieval System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports a preliminary investigation into the man-machine interaction aspects of online searching, including the methodology developed for observing and recording man-machine interface in the use of online information retrieval systems. Three references are cited, and a bibliography lists 16 sources. (FM)

Baker, Christine A.; Eason, Kenneth D.

1981-01-01

281

Making Space for Informal Inquiry: Inquiry as Stance in an Online Induction Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study brings the concept of inquiry as stance to bear on current understandings of how inquiry occurs within online networks for teacher induction. The author presents a case study of an online network that allowed 36 new teachers to participate in informal, spontaneous conversations. Genre research is used to examine the on-network,…

Zuidema, Leah A.

2012-01-01

282

Monitoring Public Perception of Medical Products by Automatically Assigning Metadata to Online Discussion Group Postings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an ongoing project whose goal is to create a digital library of public perceptions of over-the-counter and prescription drugs. The Web has created an unprecedented opportunity to mine and organize public perceptions and experiences with medications. There are hundreds of chat rooms devoted to medical conditions and discussion groups for medicines and their side effects. Gathering information

Woojin Paik; Sarah Harwell; Sibel Yilmazel; Eric Brown; Maryjane Poulin; Stephane Dubon; Christophe Amice

283

Teenage uploaders on YouTube: networked public expectancies, online feedback preference, and received on-platform feedback.  

PubMed

This article focuses on teenage YouTube uploaders' networked public expectancies when posting a video. These expectancies allow uploaders to cope temporarily with the uncertainty of who exactly will view their video. The results indicate that teenage uploaders strongly expect viewers that are situated close to them in both geographic and socio-demographic terms. Furthermore, we discuss the uncertainty-reducing properties of online feedback. We propose that different types of online feedback are preferred to verify the prior networked public expectancies. An effect of the identified online public expectancy (viewers with a similar interest/activity) is found for the importance of feedback both on the platform (e.g., views, comments) and off the platform (e.g., interaction on a social-network site). The identified offline public expectancy (friends/family) affects the importance attributed to off-platform feedback. Surprisingly, no effect of the unidentified online public expectancy (the general public) was found on on-platform feedback. This finding, in conjunction with the low expectancy of this group, raises the question of whether teenagers either cannot conceive this ambiguous mass public, or, if their expectancies are accurate, whether they are aware of the fact that only a small fraction of the videos on YouTube reach notable popularity. Therefore, in a second study, we test the accuracy of the online networked public expectancies by testing their effects on the longitudinal growth of actual feedback (views, comments, and rates). The results provide modest evidence that teenage uploaders have accurate online public expectancies. PMID:21117981

Courtois, Cédric; Mechant, Peter; De Marez, Lieven

2011-05-01

284

What do Web-Use Skill Differences Imply for Online Health Information Searches?  

PubMed Central

Background Online health information is of variable and often low scientific quality. In particular, elderly less-educated populations are said to struggle in accessing quality online information (digital divide). Little is known about (1) how their online behavior differs from that of younger, more-educated, and more-frequent Web users, and (2) how the older population may be supported in accessing good-quality online health information. Objective To specify the digital divide between skilled and less-skilled Web users, we assessed qualitative differences in technical skills, cognitive strategies, and attitudes toward online health information. Based on these findings, we identified educational and technological interventions to help Web users find and access good-quality online health information. Methods We asked 22 native German-speaking adults to search for health information online. The skilled cohort consisted of 10 participants who were younger than 30 years of age, had a higher level of education, and were more experienced using the Web than 12 participants in the less-skilled cohort, who were at least 50 years of age. We observed online health information searches to specify differences in technical skills and analyzed concurrent verbal protocols to identify health information seekers’ cognitive strategies and attitudes. Results Our main findings relate to (1) attitudes: health information seekers in both cohorts doubted the quality of information retrieved online; among poorly skilled seekers, this was mainly because they doubted their skills to navigate vast amounts of information; once a website was accessed, quality concerns disappeared in both cohorts, (2) technical skills: skilled Web users effectively filtered information according to search intentions and data sources; less-skilled users were easily distracted by unrelated information, and (3) cognitive strategies: skilled Web users searched to inform themselves; less-skilled users searched to confirm their health-related opinions such as “vaccinations are harmful.” Independent of Web-use skills, most participants stopped a search once they had found the first piece of evidence satisfying search intentions, rather than according to quality criteria. Conclusions Findings related to Web-use skills differences suggest two classes of interventions to facilitate access to good-quality online health information. Challenges related to findings (1) and (2) should be remedied by improving people’s basic Web-use skills. In particular, Web users should be taught how to avoid information overload by generating specific search terms and to avoid low-quality information by requesting results from trusted websites only. Problems related to finding (3) may be remedied by visually labeling search engine results according to quality criteria. PMID:22695686

2012-01-01

285

This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army.mil/doctrine/index.html).  

E-print Network

#12;This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army, U.S. Army Combined Arms Support Command. Send comments and recommendations on a DA Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms) to Commander, U.S. Army Combined Arms Support Command

US Army Corps of Engineers

286

Geological Society, London, Special Publications Online First published March 8, 2013; doi 10.1144/SP377.5  

E-print Network

Geological Society, London, Special Publications Online First published March 8, 2013; doi 10.1144/SP377.5 v.377, firstGeological Society, London, Special Publications Mesa and Victor Valencia Felipe, German Bayona, Agustin Cardona, Carlos Jaramillo, Andres Palaeogene time South American convergence

Bermingham, Eldredge

287

Syntax Encodes Information Structure: Evidence from On-Line Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although sentences are thought to be generally easier to process when given information precedes new information, closer examination reveals that these preferences only manifest within some syntactic structures. Here, we examine the consequences of the relative ordering of given and new information ("information structure") for the on-line

Brown, Meredith; Savova, Virginia; Gibson, Edward

2012-01-01

288

Computer-Aided Searching of Bibliographic Data Bases: Online Estimation of the Value of Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents results of five experiments on human information-seeking behavior in different online information-seeking environments which studied search strategies and assessed information value in realistic search environments. A conceptual model of how humans value information is presented. Empirical and modeling results are considered for…

Morehead, David R.; Rouse, William B.

1985-01-01

289

36 CFR 1192.121 - Public information system.  

...DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Intercity Rail Cars and Systems § 1192.121 Public information system. (a) Each car shall be equipped with a public address system permitting transportation...

2014-07-01

290

36 CFR 1192.103 - Public information system.  

...DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Commuter Rail Cars and Systems § 1192.103 Public information system. (a) Each car shall be equipped with an interior public address system permitting...

2014-07-01

291

MO/DSD online information server and global information repository access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Often in the past, standards and new technology information have been available only in hardcopy form, with reproduction and mailing costs proving rather significant. In light of NASA's current budget constraints and in the interest of efficient communications, the Mission Operations and Data Systems Directorate (MO&DSD) New Technology and Data Standards Office recognizes the need for an online information server (OLIS). This server would allow: (1) dissemination of standards and new technology information throughout the Directorate more quickly and economically; (2) online browsing and retrieval of documents that have been published for and by MO&DSD; and (3) searching for current and past study activities on related topics within NASA before issuing a task. This paper explores a variety of available information servers and searching tools, their current capabilities and limitations, and the application of these tools to MO&DSD. Most importantly, the discussion focuses on the way this concept could be easily applied toward improving dissemination of standards and new technologies and improving documentation processes.

Nguyen, Diem; Ghaffarian, Kam; Hogie, Keith; Mackey, William

1994-01-01

292

Clearing the smog? Public responses to air?quality information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent perspectives on public responses to environmental and risk communication have emphasised the interpretation, judgement and ‘sense?making’ that takes place when lay audiences receive information and advice. In this paper we consider the public reception given to air?quality information in the UK as one example of a government information and communication initiative. Drawing on elements of a wider research project

Karen Bickerstaff; Gordon Walker

1999-01-01

293

When Does Retargeting Work? Information Specificity in Online Advertising  

E-print Network

Firms can now offer personalized recommendations to consumers who return to their website, using consumers' previous browsing history on that website. In addition, online advertising has greatly improved in its use of ...

Lambrecht, Anja

294

Using evidence informed approval to create online learning resources  

E-print Network

emphasises constructive alignment and throughlines. How the new wiki-based resources map on to the themes identified by the research methods is summarised in Figure 5. Figure 5: Mapping of novel online learning resource provision to the emergent...

Tracy, Frances; Jordan, Katy; Johnstone, Keith; Carmichael, Patrick

2007-06-14

295

Online particle physics information 1 Written August 2009 by T. Basaglia (CERN).  

E-print Network

Online particle physics information 1 Written August 2009 by T. Basaglia (CERN). 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 5. Particle Physics Journals & Reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 6. Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 10. Software Repositories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 11. Particle Physics

296

Medical data mining : improving information accessibility using online patient drug reviews  

E-print Network

We address the problem of information accessibility for patients concerned about, pharmaceutical drug side effects and experiences. We create a new corpus of online patient-provided drug reviews and present our initial ...

Li, Yueyang Alice

2011-01-01

297

Research on the Reuse of Public Sector Information in UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the laws and practices relating to the value-added utilization of public sector information in UK, which mainly discusses the public welfare, fair competition and transparent principle and analyses the problem in the process of information valued-added utilization. According to the status quo of our country, it examines some countermeasures to the value-added utilization of public sector information.

Xiao Xie; Shuai Liu; Jing Li

2011-01-01

298

Diffusive Logistic Model Towards Predicting Information Diffusion in Online Social Networks  

E-print Network

Online social networks have recently become an effective and innovative channel for spreading information and influence among hundreds of millions of end users. Many prior work have carried out empirical studies and proposed diffusion models to understand the information diffusion process in online social networks. However, most of these studies focus on the information diffusion in temporal dimension, that is, how the information propagates over time. Little attempt has been given on understanding information diffusion over both temporal and spatial dimensions. In this paper, we propose a Partial Differential Equation (PDE), specifically, a Diffusive Logistic (DL) equation to model the temporal and spatial characteristics of information diffusion in online social networks. To be more specific, we develop a PDE-based theoretical framework to measure and predict the density of influenced users at a given distance from the original information source after a time period. The density of influenced users over tim...

Wang, Feng; Xu, Kuai

2011-01-01

299

Research Paper: Do Online Information Retrieval Systems Help Experienced Clinicians Answer Clinical Questions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo assess the impact of clinicians' use of an online information retrieval system on their performance in answering clinical questions.DesignPre-\\/post-intervention experimental design.MeasurementsIn a computer laboratory, 75 clinicians (26 hospital-based doctors, 18 family practitioners, and 31 clinical nurse consultants) provided 600 answers to eight clinical scenarios before and after the use of an online information retrieval system. We examined the proportion

Johanna I. Westbrook; Enrico W. Coiera; A. Sophie Gosling

2005-01-01

300

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT Procedures Governing Decisions About Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to...

2010-10-01

301

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT Procedures Governing Decisions About Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to...

2011-10-01

302

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT Procedures Governing Decisions About Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to...

2012-10-01

303

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT Procedures Governing Decisions About Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to...

2013-10-01

304

Online Electron/Jet Neural High-level Trigger Over Independent Calorimetry Information  

E-print Network

Online Electron/Jet Neural High-level Trigger Over Independent Calorimetry Information Rodrigo/jet discriminator that uses the highly segmented calorimetry information. In this work, we address the electron/jet sepa- ration using information provided by the calorimetry system of ATLAS. Calorimeters play a major

Anjos, André

305

GeoWatch: Online detection of Geo-Correlated Information Trends In Social Networks  

E-print Network

solutions that capture geo- intent and detect informational trends in a scalable fashion. Our goalGeoWatch: Online detection of Geo-Correlated Information Trends In Social Networks Ceren Budak 93106-5110, USA {cbudak, teogeorgiou, agrawal, amr}@cs.ucsb.edu ABSTRACT Detecting information trends

California at Santa Barbara, University of

306

International Students Using Online Information Resources to Learn: Complex Experience and Learning Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings of a qualitative study that investigated 25 international students' use of online information resources for study purposes at two Australian universities. Using an expanded critical incident approach, the study viewed international students through an information literacy lens, as information-using learners.…

Hughes, Hilary

2013-01-01

307

An informal online learning community for student mental health at university: a preliminary investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a potential solution to increasing demands on mental health services at universities, this project seeks to develop an informal online learning community for mental health support and education. Students’ use of the Internet and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), especially to access health information, provides a supporting rationale for this project. The design for this study is grounded in

Derek Richards; Brendan Tangney

2008-01-01

308

Consumers' Online Information Search Behavior and the Phenomenon of Search vs. Experience Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates consumers' importance evaluation and usage of the Internet as an information source, compared with other traditional information sources. The main issue is the extent to which experience products can be transformed so as to be searchable on the Internet. The results of a web-based survey showed that consumers of experience products tended to use more online information

Lien-Ti Bei; Etta Y. I. Chen; Richard Widdows

2004-01-01

309

Do Me a Solid? Information Asymmetry, Liking, and Compliance Gaining Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the popularity of interactive social media grows, it is increasingly normal for individuals to reveal significant amounts of personal information online. Although this information is intended to support social networks, it can potentially be misused. We hypothesize that access to routine network site profile information can enable individuals to foster feelings of interpersonal attraction in their communication partner, which

Nathan J. Claes; Carolyn Hurley; Michael A. Stefanone

2012-01-01

310

The devil you know: parental online information seeking after a paediatric cancer diagnosis  

PubMed Central

There is a growing interest in understanding the effect that online information seeking has on patient experiences, empowerment, and interactions with health care providers. This mixed-methods study combines surveys and in-depth interviews with 41 parents of paediatric cancer patients in the US to examine how parents think about, evaluate, access, and use the Internet to seek information related to their child’s cancer. We find that during the acute crisis of a child being diagnosed with cancer parents preferred to receive information related to their child’s diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment options from a trusted health care provider rather than through the Internet. To this end, we find that access to medically related cancer information through the Internet was deemed untrustworthy and frightening. Parents’ reasons for avoiding online information seeking included fear of what they might find out, uncertainty about the accuracy of information online, being overloaded by the volume of information online, and having been told not to go online by oncologists. Some parents also had logistical barriers to accessing the Internet. While most parents did not turn to the Internet as a source of health-related information, many did use the Internet to connect with sources of social support throughout their child’s illness. PMID:21854400

Gage, Elizabeth A.; Panagakis, Christina

2011-01-01

311

EFFECTS OF USING ONLINE NARRATIVE AND DIDACTIC INFORMATION ON HEALTHCARE PARTICIPATION FOR BREAST CANCER PATIENTS  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine the effects of online narrative and didactic information on breast cancer patients’ healthcare participation and the interaction effects of race. Methods Sample: 353 breast cancer patients (111 African Americans) using an eHealth program with narratives (audiovisual and text) and didactic information (text only). Measures: healthcare participation scale (0, 4 months), online information use. Analyses: hierarchical regression. Results Narrative (? = .123, p <.01) and didactic (? = .104, p <.05) information use had independent and positive effects on healthcare participation. Effects of both were significantly greater for African Americans. Conclusions Findings are consistent with and advance prior research on online learning processes and outcomes for breast cancer patients: (1) Benefits accrue with using a variety of online learning tools; and (2) African Americans use and benefit more from online narrative and didactic information than do Caucasians. Practice implications eHealth programs should provide both didactic and narrative information—especially for African Americans and might consider making greater use of interactive and audiovisual formats. As patients increasingly use of the web for cancer information, clinicians should provide lists of web high quality resources that provide both narrative and didactic information. PMID:18201859

Wise, Meg; Han, Jeong Yeob; Shaw, Bret; McTavish, Fiona; Gustafson, David H.

2008-01-01

312

Ethical dilemmas in communicating medical information to the public  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines arguments for and against objective communication between health-care experts (HCEs) and the public concerning matters of health and disease. It argues that HCEs should have neither a purely objective approach nor a paternalistic approach to communications with the public. The informed consent model is the best way to promote public health, prevent disease, respect individual autonomy, and

David B. Resnik

2001-01-01

313

Public Information on Vocational Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document is the final report of a project designed to make the public and students aware of the possibilities available in vocational education in the Wise County Schools in Virginia. The objectives of the program were as follows: (1) to provide materials to be used for career guidance, (2) to make the public aware of the total vocational…

Wise County Schools, VA.

314

Social and Behavioral History Information in Public Health Datasets  

PubMed Central

Social and behavioral history is increasingly recognized as integral for understanding important determinants of disease and critical for patient care, research, clinical guidelines, and public health policies. Social and behavioral history information in the public health domain, specifically large public health surveys, has not been well described. In this study, a content analysis was performed and information model constructed and contrasted with clinically-based models for each of three widely used public health surveys: BRFSS (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System), NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey), and NHIS (National Health Interview Survey). Survey items were predominantly related to alcohol use, drug use, occupation, and tobacco use. Although the clinical social history information model was similar, public health social history demonstrated additional complexity in coding temporality, degree of exposure, and certainty. Our results give insight into ongoing efforts to integrate clinical and public health information resources for improving and measuring health. PMID:23304335

Melton, Genevieve B.; Manaktala, Sharad; Sarkar, Indra Neil; Chen, Elizabeth S.

2012-01-01

315

Information Technology and Value Creation in the Public Sector Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this dissertation, I study the performance impact of information technology (IT) investments in the public sector. IT has been one of the key assets in public administration since the early MIS era. Even though the information systems (IS) discipline has witnessed a considerable amount of research efforts on the subject of IT business value for…

Pang, Min-Seok

2011-01-01

316

Approaches to Studying Public Library Networked Community Information Initiatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a world characterized by the use of rapidly advancing technology, public libraries are championing the rights of the individual to equitable public access to information provided over the Internet. But beyond general connectivity, libraries are also facilitating citizens' access to networked community information (CI) by actively linking users with relevant sites, by hosting pages for other service providers, and

Karen E. Pettigrew; Joan C. Durrance; Pertti Vakkari

1999-01-01

317

Serving Citizens' Needs: Minimizing Hurdles to Accessing Government Information Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid spread of the Internet across society, government institutions are taking advantage of using digital technology to distribute materials to citizens. Is merely having a Web site enough or are there certain usability considerations to which site creators must adhere in order to assure efficient access to online materials? Here, I report on a project that looked at

Eszter Hargittai

318

Exploring the Myths about Online Education in Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid proliferation of the Internet along with emerging social and economic imperatives are lead- ing institutions of higher-learning to offer a large variety of online courses\\/programs in different disciplines. As such education becomes increasingly pervasive and legitimate in society, there is a need to critically examine its merits and pitfalls as well as the underlying assumptions driving the justification, design,

Suprateek Sarker; Jennifer Nicholson

2005-01-01

319

Online Reading Informs Classroom Instruction and Promotes Collaborative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web-based collaborative annotation tools can facilitate communication among students and their instructors through online reading and communication. Collaborative reading fosters peer interaction and is an innovative way to facilitate discussion and participation in larger enrollment courses. It can be especially powerful as it creates an…

Wright, L. Kate; Zyto, Sacha; Karger, David R.; Newman, Dina L.

2013-01-01

320

NOAH--New York Online Access to Health: library collaboration for bilingual consumer health information on the Internet.  

PubMed Central

New York Online Access to Health (NOAH) is a Web site that provides accurate, timely, relevant, and unbiased full-text health information in both English and Spanish. A joint project of The City University of New York Office of Library Services, The New York Academy of Medicine Library, the Metropolitan New York Library Council, and The New York Public Library, NOAH brings consumer health information to the public in New York City and around the world via the Internet. NOAH is an example of a successful collaboration among different types of libraries (academic, public, medical society) and voluntary health agencies to use new technologies to reach a very broad public. This paper discusses the involvement of the library partners in terms of the management and funding of the site. Web site construction is described including how the information is gathered and organized. Future plans and funding issues for NOAH are considered in terms of the expected increase in the need for consumer health information. NOAH can be reached at: www.noah.cuny.edu. PMID:9681167

Voge, S

1998-01-01

321

40 CFR 149.103 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) SOLE SOURCE AQUIFERS Review of Projects Affecting the Edwards Underground Reservoir, A Designated Sole Source Aquifer in the San Antonio, Texas Area § 149.103 Public...

2013-07-01

322

Portsmouth Herald Local News: Project54 innovations enhance public safety Archives Business Entertainment Health Living Maine News Online Only Public Records Sports Tourism Travel  

E-print Network

Records Sports Tourism Travel emergency vehicles equipped with Project54, including a fire truck from Entertainment Health Living Maine News Online Only Public Records Sports Tourism Travel Click Here Shop54 since 1999, spoke at the event. "Project54 has made great advances in enhancing the safety of our

New Hampshire, University of

323

AAMC Publications and Information Resources: AAMC Listservs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Association of American Medical Colleges Listservs is a new web page that consolidates information about AAMC's fifteen mailing lists. Topics include AAMC activities, faculty affairs, resident affairs and medical education software, among others. Each list contains a brief description, information on eligibility requirements to join the list, and subscription information.

1997-01-01

324

Does the type of anonymity matter? The impact of visualization on information sharing in online groups.  

PubMed

Groups who share information in computer-mediated settings often have to deal with the issue of anonymity. Previous research has shown that only people with a prosocial orientation--that is, those whose main interest is to add to the benefit of the group as a whole--are willing to share information in anonymous situations. The willingness to share information by those people with a proself orientation--that is, those who put more emphasis on their personal benefit--can be increased by providing photographs of the other group members. The information-sharing behavior of prosocials, however, suffers from such a deletion of anonymity. In an online experiment, we examined how information-sharing behavior of proselfs may be increased without negatively influencing the information-sharing behavior of prosocials in an online setting. It was shown that even proselfs share information if the group members are visualized in a homogeneous way, while prosocials' information-sharing behavior is not impaired by this visualization. In addition, the results suggest that people's perceived homogeneity of the online group, as well as the importance of the collective goal, are the underlying processes of this effect. These results have important practical implications for the design of online information-sharing settings. PMID:20649445

Wodzicki, Katrin; Schwämmlein, Eva; Cress, Ulrike; Kimmerle, Joachim

2011-03-01

325

Trust perceptions of online travel information by different content creators: Some social and legal implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumers are increasingly turning to the online environment to provide information to assist them in making purchase decisions\\u000a related to travel products. They often rely on travel recommendations from different sources, such as sellers, independent\\u000a experts and, increasingly, other consumers. A new type of online content, user-generated content (UGC), provides a number\\u000a of legal and social challenges to providers and

Stephen Burgess; Carmine Sellitto; Carmen Cox; Jeremy Buultjens

2011-01-01

326

Provision of Ubiquitous Tourist Information in Public Transport Networks  

PubMed Central

This paper outlines an information system for tourists using collective public transport based on mobile devices with limited computation and wireless connection capacities. In this system, the mobile device collaborates with the vehicle infrastructure in order to provide the user with multimedia (visual and audio) information about his/her trip. The information delivered, adapted to the user preferences, is synchronized with the passage of vehicles through points of interest along the route, for example: bus stops, tourist sights, public service centres, etc.

Garcia, Carmelo R.; Perez, Ricardo; Alayon, Francisco; Quesada-Arencibia, Alexis; Padron, Gabino

2012-01-01

327

A Citizen Empowered Online Platform for Communicating Climate Science to the General Public  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation introduces a project, currently in development, of a new online platform for the interaction between climate scientists and citizen. It consists of an open-access, multi-lingual, and peer-reviewed journal publishing climate articles in non-scientific language. It follows three main long-term objectives. The first objective is to establish an ever-growing, multi-lingual library of climate articles providing a knowledge base on climate sciences accessible for free to everyone. The targeted public includes journalists, teachers, students, local actors (e.g. in politics, economy, agriculture), and any other citizen from around the world with an interest in climate sciences. The second goal is to offer a simple and direct channel for scientists wishing to disseminate their research to the general public. A high standard of climate articles is enforced through: a) requiring that the main author is an active climate scientist, and b) an innovative peer-review process involving scientific and non-scientific referees with distinct roles. The third objective is to engage citizen into the climate science. To this aim, the journal proposes three channels. Firstly, citizens are invited to contribute to the dissemination of climate knowledge to the general public by co-authoring, peer-reviewing or translating articles. Secondly, they are offered the capacity to stimulate scientific enquiry by posting invitations for manuscripts to be written on a citizen-inspired topic. Thirdly, a match-up tool is being developed for scientists to gather non-scientists teams for conducting citizen-involving research projects. This platform is scientist-initiated and is meant to be ruled and managed by the participating individuals themselves (scientists and non-scientists) as an international association. It will be financed through country-varying flat memberships. The project is now starting. The basic ideas are drawn; a prototype internet platform has been developed and is operational. In a first phase, climate scientists (and their friends!) are invited to jump in for free, submit climate articles and help design its development. Once an initial content is in place, the second phase will start consisting in an active promotion campaign to reach at the general public and enroll citizens. In this presentation, I will discuss the basic ideas behind this new online platform, its current state and the plans for the next future.

Bourqui, Michel

2014-05-01

328

Branded product information search on the Web: The role of brand trust and credibility of online information sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing upon the cost–benefit framework and trust mechanism as a risk reducer, this study examines the influence of brand factors and source credibility on branded product information Web searches. The online survey was conducted within the pre-purchase context of digital camera brands. The results revealed that brand factors did not influence overall branded information search efforts. However, brand trust and

Chunsik Lee; Junga Kim; Sylvia M. Chan-Olmsted

2010-01-01

329

Branded product information search on the Web: The role of brand trust and credibility of online information sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing upon the cost–benefit framework and trust mechanism as a risk reducer, this study examines the influence of brand factors and source credibility on branded product information Web searches. The online survey was conducted within the pre-purchase context of digital camera brands. The results revealed that brand factors did not influence overall branded information search efforts. However, brand trust and

Chunsik Lee; Junga Kim; Sylvia M. Chan-Olmsted

2011-01-01

330

Online Search Strategies of Educational Administrators for Determining the Credibility of Information Gleaned from a Website  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a survey of 158 educational leaders situated in public schools, the level of educational leadership, whether a school superintendent or a principal in a secondary, middle-school, or elementary school, was not a significant factor in operational online strategies utilized or benchmarks relied upon for determining the credibility of…

Morrison, James L.; Oladunjoye, Ganiyu T.; Rose, Dale

2008-01-01

331

doi:10.1182/blood-2013-02-481507 Prepublished online February 26, 2014;  

E-print Network

/misc/rights.xhtml#repub_requests Information about reproducing this article in parts or in its entirety may be found online at: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site/misc/rights.xhtml#reprints Information about ordering reprints may be found online at: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site) and date of initial publication. theindexed by PubMed from initial publication. Citations to Advance online

Bulyk, Martha L.

332

doi:10.1182/blood-2012-11-463257 Prepublished online May 13, 2013;  

E-print Network

/misc/rights.xhtml#repub_requests Information about reproducing this article in parts or in its entirety may be found online at: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site/misc/rights.xhtml#reprints Information about ordering reprints may be found online at: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site) and date of initial publication. theindexed by PubMed from initial publication. Citations to Advance online

Timmer, Jens

333

doi:10.1182/blood-2012-05-428938 Prepublished online November 14, 2012;  

E-print Network

/misc/rights.xhtml#repub_requests Information about reproducing this article in parts or in its entirety may be found online at: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site/misc/rights.xhtml#reprints Information about ordering reprints may be found online at: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site) and date of initial publication. theindexed by PubMed from initial publication. Citations to Advance online

334

doi:10.1182/blood-2012-06-436295 Prepublished online December 11, 2012;  

E-print Network

/misc/rights.xhtml#repub_requests Information about reproducing this article in parts or in its entirety may be found online at: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site/misc/rights.xhtml#reprints Information about ordering reprints may be found online at: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site) and date of initial publication. theindexed by PubMed from initial publication. Citations to Advance online

de Bakker, Paul

335

doi:10.1182/blood-2011-03-341552 Prepublished online August 31, 2011;  

E-print Network

/misc/rights.xhtml#repub_requests Information about reproducing this article in parts or in its entirety may be found online at: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site/misc/rights.xhtml#reprints Information about ordering reprints may be found online at: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site) and date of initial publication. theindexed by PubMed from initial publication. Citations to Advance online

Damania, Blossom

336

doi:10.1182/blood-2012-06-440057 Prepublished online August 30, 2012;  

E-print Network

/misc/rights.xhtml#repub_requests Information about reproducing this article in parts or in its entirety may be found online at: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site/misc/rights.xhtml#reprints Information about ordering reprints may be found online at: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site) and date of initial publication. theindexed by PubMed from initial publication. Citations to Advance online

337

Relationship classification in large scale online social networks and its impact on information propagation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we study two tightly coupled topics in online social networks (OSN): relationship classification and information propagation. The links in a social network often reflect social relationships among users. In this work, we first investigate identifying the relationships among social network users based on certain social network property and limited pre- known information. Social networks have been widely

Shaojie Tang; Jing Yuan; Xufei Mao; Xiang-Yang Li; Wei Chen; Guojun Dai

2011-01-01

338

A Context Driven Information Retrieval for Online Urban Disaster Management System  

E-print Network

A Context Driven Information Retrieval for Online Urban Disaster Management System Khaldoun ZREIK of Disaster Managing Approaches depends firmly on information and communication management system. Due-document) to urban disaster management system. Every time the context is captured it will be used to generate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

339

Plan for a Statewide On-Line Information System for Libraries (MnLINK).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1996 Legislature directed the Minnesota Higher Education Services Office (HESO), in cooperation with the Library Planning Task Force to, "create a plan and process to develop a statewide on-line information system for libraries"; this memo with attached information was submitted in fulfillment of that request. The name chosen for the new…

Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul.

340

A Tailored Approach to Identifying and Addressing College Students' Online Health Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: College students may fail to practice information literacy skills because they are unaware of their skill level or are not concerned with the risks. Purpose: In order to develop an effective message that motivates college students to learn online health information literacy skills, a better understanding of perceptions about such…

Banas, Jennifer

2008-01-01

341

75 FR 77935 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: DS-160, Online Application for Nonimmigrant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: You may obtain copies of the proposed information collection and supporting documents from Stefanie Claus, who may be reached at (202) 663-2910. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: We are soliciting public comments to...

2010-12-14

342

An analysis of online health information on schizophrenia or related conditions: a cross-sectional survey  

PubMed Central

Background Around 20% of those who seek health information online, search specifically for mental health. However, little is known about the nature of the online health information offered by two European countries, Finland and Greece, which are characterized by markedly differing levels of Internet access and online health information seeking. This study aims to assess, describe and compare websites, written in two European, non-English languages (Finnish and Greek) that appear first after performing an online search concerning schizophrenia or related conditions. Methods The first 20 results from four search terms (searched in Finnish and Greek) in the Web search engine ‘Google’ were screened. A total of 160 websites were retrieved (80 Finnish, 80 Greek) and evaluated using a preformulated coding system which consisted of websites’ indicators, such as: types, characteristics, accountability, interactivity, aesthetics and content. Differences between websites were evaluated with Chi-Square or Fisher’s Exact tests for categorical data and independent t-tests for parametric data. Results Twenty-four Finnish and thirty-four Greek websites (36% in total) were included. Almost two-thirds (62%, n=36) were owned by an organization, compared to 17% (n=10) by an individual. In both countries, aesthetics had the highest score (possible range 0–4, mean = 2.6, SD = .62), while interactivity the lowest (range 0–5, mean = 1.79, SD = .87). There were no statistically significant differences among the accountability, interactivity and aesthetics scores of the Finnish and Greek websites. Conclusions All assessed indicators suggest there is a need to improve Finnish and Greek online information about schizophrenia or related conditions. The poor website interactivity is of particular concern given the challenges faced by the target group. The findings can be used to guide the development and dissemination of online mental health information aimed at Finnish and Greek online health-seekers. PMID:23992448

2013-01-01

343

Information Center NIH Publication No. 05-5212  

E-print Network

Genetic And Rare Diseases Information Center NIH Publication No. 05-5212 Revised February 2013 information, visit the NHGRI Web site at http://www.genome.gov/. #12;What is the Genetic and Rare Diseases diseases that are rare or genetic or both. GARD is staffed by experienced Information Specialists who

Bandettini, Peter A.

344

Weak ties: Subtle role of information diffusion in online social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a social media, online social networks play a vital role in the social information diffusion. However, due to its unique complexity, the mechanism of the diffusion in online social networks is different from the ones in other types of networks and remains unclear to us. Meanwhile, few works have been done to reveal the coupled dynamics of both the structure and the diffusion of online social networks. To this end, in this paper, we propose a model to investigate how the structure is coupled with the diffusion in online social networks from the view of weak ties. Through numerical experiments on large-scale online social networks, we find that in contrast to some previous research results, selecting weak ties preferentially to republish cannot make the information diffuse quickly, while random selection can achieve this goal. However, when we remove the weak ties gradually, the coverage of the information will drop sharply even in the case of random selection. We also give a reasonable explanation for this by extra analysis and experiments. Finally, we conclude that weak ties play a subtle role in the information diffusion in online social networks. On one hand, they act as bridges to connect isolated local communities together and break through the local trapping of the information. On the other hand, selecting them as preferential paths to republish cannot help the information spread further in the network. As a result, weak ties might be of use in the control of the virus spread and the private information diffusion in real-world applications.

Zhao, Jichang; Wu, Junjie; Xu, Ke

2010-07-01

345

Sharing private information online: the mediator effect of social exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in information technology facilitate extensive collection and analysis of personal information for the purpose of strategic use by websites or companies. However, the typical reluctance of web users in sharing personal information significantly reduces such opportunity enabled by information technology. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to construct and empirically assess a causal model that explains how web

Su-Yu Zeng; Ling-Ling Wu; Houn-Gee Chen

2009-01-01

346

The Economics of Public Sector Information  

E-print Network

, or simply reductions, in the level of subsidy would be likely to have substantial negative effects on the ability of PSIHs to maintain both the range and quality of their information. Clearly, the issue of commitment is an important one to consider... /write) and then may supply this information to third parties (output/read). Similarly, a manager of geospatial information makes changes to their database in response to surveys and changes in the environment (input) and then supply this data to third parties (output...

Pollock, Rufus

347

The Next Public Health Revolution: Public Health Information Fusion and Social Networks  

PubMed Central

Social, political, and economic disruptions caused by natural and human-caused public health emergencies have catalyzed public health efforts to expand the scope of biosurveillance and increase the timeliness, quality, and comprehensiveness of disease detection, alerting, response, and prediction. Unfortunately, efforts to acquire, render, and visualize the diversity of health intelligence information are hindered by its wide distribution across disparate fields, multiple levels of government, and the complex interagency environment. Achieving this new level of situation awareness within public health will require a fundamental cultural shift in methods of acquiring, analyzing, and disseminating information. The notion of information “fusion” may provide opportunities to expand data access, analysis, and information exchange to better inform public health action. PMID:20530760

Fleischauer, Aaron; Casani, Julie; Groseclose, Samuel L.

2010-01-01

348

30 CFR 764.23 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AREAS UNSUITABLE FOR SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS § 764...Make the information in the data base and inventory...certain types of surface coal mining operations or to...describe how the inventory and data base system can be...

2010-07-01

349

A national assessment of wildlife information transfer to the public  

E-print Network

A self-administered questionnaire was developed using the Tailored Design Method (Dillman 2000) to assess how information about wildlife, beyond traditional hunting and fishing issues, was transferred to the public by the five selected governmental...

Lindsey, Kieran Jane

2004-11-15

350

Recommendations concerning energy information model documentation, public access, and evaluation  

E-print Network

In this study we provide an analysis of the factors underlying Congressional concern regarding model documentation, policies for public access, and evaluation procedures of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) and ...

Wood, David O.

1979-01-01

351

5 CFR 950.401 - Campaign and publicity information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...publicity information, such as the official Charity List, will be developed locally...of any material other than the Campaign Charity List and the pledge form. (e) The Campaign Charity List and pledge form is the official...

2010-01-01

352

45 CFR 1370.5 - Public information campaign grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS § 1370.5 Public information campaign...

2013-10-01

353

45 CFR 1370.5 - Public information campaign grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS § 1370.5 Public information campaign...

2011-10-01

354

45 CFR 1370.5 - Public information campaign grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS § 1370.5 Public information campaign...

2012-10-01

355

20 CFR 200.4 - Availability of information to public.  

...There shall be maintained in the Board's library a current index of the materials referred to in paragraph...The term “news” means information that is about current events or that could be of interest to the public. In...

2014-04-01

356

20 CFR 200.4 - Availability of information to public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...There shall be maintained in the Board's library a current index of the materials referred to in paragraph...The term “news” means information that is about current events or that could be of interest to the public. In...

2011-04-01

357

20 CFR 200.4 - Availability of information to public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...There shall be maintained in the Board's library a current index of the materials referred to in paragraph...The term “news” means information that is about current events or that could be of interest to the public. In...

2012-04-01

358

20 CFR 200.4 - Availability of information to public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...There shall be maintained in the Board's library a current index of the materials referred to in paragraph...The term “news” means information that is about current events or that could be of interest to the public. In...

2010-04-01

359

36 CFR 1192.61 - Public information system.  

...BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Rapid Rail Vehicles and Systems § 1192.61 Public information system. (a)(1) Requirements. Each vehicle shall...

2014-07-01

360

36 CFR 1192.87 - Public information system.  

...BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Light Rail Vehicles and Systems § 1192.87 Public information system. (a) Each vehicle shall be equipped with an...

2014-07-01

361

7 CFR 8.8 - Use by public informational services.  

...informational services. (a) In any advertisement, display, exhibit, visual and...publication in any form, radio and television program devoted in whole or in part...product message or reference. (b) Advertisements, news releases,...

2014-01-01

362

7 CFR 8.8 - Use by public informational services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...informational services. (a) In any advertisement, display, exhibit, visual and...publication in any form, radio and television program devoted in whole or in part...product message or reference. (b) Advertisements, news releases,...

2011-01-01

363

7 CFR 8.8 - Use by public informational services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...informational services. (a) In any advertisement, display, exhibit, visual and...publication in any form, radio and television program devoted in whole or in part...product message or reference. (b) Advertisements, news releases,...

2010-01-01

364

The Effects of Preference for Information on Consumers’ Online Health Information Search Behavior  

PubMed Central

Background Preference for information is a personality trait that affects people’s tendency to seek information in health-related situations. Prior studies have focused primarily on investigating its impact on patient-provider communication and on the implications for designing information interventions that prepare patients for medical procedures. Few studies have examined its impact on general consumers’ interactions with Web-based search engines for health information or the implications for designing more effective health information search systems. Objective This study intends to fill this gap by investigating the impact of preference for information on the search behavior of general consumers seeking health information, their perceptions of search tasks (representing information needs), and user experience with search systems. Methods Forty general consumers who had previously searched for health information online participated in the study in our usability lab. Preference for information was measured using Miller’s Monitor-Blunter Style Scale (MBSS) and the Krantz Health Opinion Survey-Information Scale (KHOS-I). Each participant completed four simulated health information search tasks: two look-up (fact-finding) and two exploratory. Their behaviors while interacting with the search systems were automatically logged and ratings of their perceptions of tasks and user experience with the systems were collected using Likert-scale questionnaires. Results The MBSS showed low reliability with the participants (Monitoring subscale: Cronbach alpha=.53; Blunting subscale: Cronbach alpha=.35). Thus, no further analyses were performed based on the scale. KHOS-I had sufficient reliability (Cronbach alpha=.77). Participants were classified into low- and high-preference groups based on their KHOS-I scores. The high-preference group submitted significantly shorter queries when completing the look-up tasks (P=.02). The high-preference group made a significantly higher percentage of parallel movements in query reformulation than did the low-preference group (P=.04), whereas the low-preference group made a significantly higher percentage of new concept movements than the high-preference group when completing the exploratory tasks (P=.01). The high-preference group found the exploratory tasks to be significantly more difficult (P=.05) and the systems to be less useful (P=.04) than did the low-preference group. Conclusions Preference for information has an impact on the search behavior of general consumers seeking health information. Those with a high preference were more likely to use more general queries when searching for specific factual information and to develop more complex mental representations of health concerns of an exploratory nature and try different combinations of concepts to explore these concerns. High-preference users were also more demanding on the system. Health information search systems should be tailored to fit individuals’ information preferences. PMID:24284061

2013-01-01

365

Quantum Public-Key Encryption with Information Theoretic Security  

E-print Network

We propose a definition for the information theoretic security of a quantum public-key encryption scheme, and present bit-oriented and two-bit-oriented encryption schemes satisfying our security definition via the introduction of a new public-key algorithm structure. We extend the scheme to a multi-bitoriented one, and conjecture that it is also information theoretically secure, depending directly on the structure of our new algorithm.

Jiangyou Pan; Li Yang

2010-06-02

366

The New York State Library and the New York Public Library makes a wide variety of online resources available to New York State residents.  

E-print Network

The New York State Library and the New York Public Library makes a wide variety of online resources://www.nysl.nysed.gov/elecres.htm.] New York Public Library To access databases from the New York Public Library, you must apply Available From Home logo . The New York Public Library also has extensive Digital Collections http

Suzuki, Masatsugu

367

Term Relevance Weights in On-Line Information Retrieval  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Term relevance weighting systems in interactive information retrieval are reviewed. An experiment in which information retrieval users ranked query terms in decreasing order of presumed importance prior to actual search and retrieval is described. (Author/KP)

Salton, G.; Waldstein, R. K.

1978-01-01

368

ONLINE Interviews Delores Meglio of Information Access Company.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vice president of a computerized information center discusses her career history, the development of information services and the database industry, current information technologies and the role of artificial intelligence, characteristics of indexers and abstractors employed, the kind of training needed by abstractors and indexers, and…

Pemberton, Jeffery K.

1987-01-01

369

An Examination of Online Health Information Seeking by Deaf People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research indicates that information seekers often turn to the Internet for health information; however, little is known about how Deaf people perceive, access, and utilize the Internet as a health information source. In this study, eight focus groups with Deaf participants (n = 39) were conducted to explore how Deaf people make use of (or avoid) the Internet as a

Elizabeth Karras; Lance S. Rintamaki

2012-01-01

370

On Information Technology Application in Public Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Widely used mathematical models begin to penetrate in public management system. Several decades ago methods of operational calculus, decision-making under condition of uncertainty and other static theories were used. Nowadays, more and more attention is paid to dynamic systems, used as basic for various forecasting approaches. In governmental planning significant roles belong to aims and targets expressed through slogans and proclamations without numerical backing. At the same time statistical services regularly collect huge amounts of different indices. Then these indices are somehow combined into aggregates. Thus there pyramids appear consisting of aggregates, expressing public management aims and targets. However the problem of target `digitization' has more than one solution. On solving this problem some experts are involved, who are subjective, and also priorities on which aggregates are based on transform if political, economical or social situation changes. Thereby the indices pyramids are time-dependent, which makes comparison and other analysis rather complicated. Suggested in this paper method allows to choose a `natural' index instead of aggregate, but to choose with preserving the experts priorities. This method is based on defining a collation metric for time series with `natural' and aggregate indices (gained with experts' participation). A comparison of different metrics for real numerical data is made.

Bykova, D. Yu.; Prasolov, A. V.

2007-10-01

371

Evaluating the NCI's Cancer Information Service Contact Centers: meeting and exceeding the expectations of the public.  

PubMed

The National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Cancer Information Service (CIS) provides cancer information to the public via 1-800-4-CANCER, a smoking quitline, and online. The 2003 National User Survey assessed satisfaction and outcomes among users contacting NCI's CIS by telephone and LiveHelp, an instant messaging service. Ninety-five percent of respondents were very satisfied/satisfied and 88% said their expectations had been met/exceeded. Users reported increased knowledge and self-efficacy. Most had discussed CIS information with a health professional or planned to do so. Of those who contacted CIS about smoking/tobacco use, 14% had quit and 35% cut back. The CIS provides a highly valued, effective service for patients and health professionals. PMID:17571996

La Porta, Madeline; Hagood, Heather; Kornfeld, Julie; Treiman, Katherine

2007-01-01

372

32 CFR 705.6 - Releasing public information material to the media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Releasing public information material to the media. 705.6 Section 705.6 National...Releasing public information material to the media. (a) Methods of releasing information...through which information is released to media: (1) Navy oriented information...

2012-07-01

373

32 CFR 705.6 - Releasing public information material to the media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Releasing public information material to the media. 705.6 Section 705.6 National...Releasing public information material to the media. (a) Methods of releasing information...through which information is released to media: (1) Navy oriented information...

2013-07-01

374

A Comprehensive Assessment of Public Information Dissemination Final Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. This report (each of the first three volumes is approximately 300 pages), from the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS), takes a broader look at the government's public information dissemination practices. The report urges the government to recognize public information as a "strategic national resource." The Executive Summary, in Volume 1, lists 36 recommendations to improve public access to government information.

2001-01-01

375

Information Policy: Public Laws from the 95th Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of abstracts provides brief descriptions of the 74 new public laws relating to computers and information policy that were enacted during the 95th Congress. Each of these bills is concerned with information, although the diverse subject matter--e.g., energy and clean water, food and health, foreign investments, ethics in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on House Administration.

376

76 FR 16850 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Agency Form DS-4127, NEA/PI Online Performance...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agency Form DS- 4127, NEA/PI Online Performance Reporting System...Information Collection: NEA/PI Online Performance Reporting System...Africa. As a normal course of business and in compliance with OMB...financial reports, and other business information related to...

2011-03-25

377

Information Incorporation in Online In-Game Sports Betting Markets  

E-print Network

, Inc. 4 NEC Laboratories America, Inc. 3 Information Sciences and Technology 74 N. Pasadena Ave., 3rd]: Probability and Statistics General Terms Economics, Measurement Keywords Information incorporation, economic, USA. ACM 1-58113-679-X/03/0006. Figure 1: (a) ALS and (b) AE of 34 soccer markets. 2. DATA AND METRICS

Giles, C. Lee

378

The Myth of Fragmentation: Assessing Political Information Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internet technology has provided people with unprecedented abilities to filter the information they encounter, leading many scholars to fear that people will be exposed to less diversity of perspectives and fragment into homogeneous interest groups. Exposure to a wide range of topics and perspectives about political information in particular is…

Wichowski, Alexis M.

2010-01-01

379

Online Information Literacy: Moving from the Familiar to the New  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many of the Internet sites visited by students exhibit text structures that parallel those of information books. Most Web sites incorporate tables of contents and indexes, which are the actually helpful for students. However, table of contents and indexes are not the only information text structures that students will interact with when surfing…

Mcpherson, Keith

2005-01-01

380

Structure and Dynamics of Information Pathways in Online Media  

E-print Network

, such as the Libyan's civil war or Syria's uprise, lead to an increased amount of information pathways among blogs for Intelligent Systems Stanford University manuelgr@stanford.edu Jure Leskovec Stanford University jure@cs.stanford.edu Bernhard Schölkopf MPI for Intelligent Systems bs@tuebingen.mpg.de ABSTRACT Diffusion of information

Thrun, Sebastian

381

Online Scientific and Technological Information in Nigeria: Prospects and Possibilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nigeria is faced with developmental problems, most of which can be solved with the aid of scientific and technological information contained in books, journals and patents, largely obtainable from the advanced countries. There are academic and research institutions generating information that could enhance the economic development of the country…

Sodipe, R. O.

382

Alliance Building in the Information and Online Database Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an analysis of information industry alliance formation using environmental scanning methods. Highlights include why libraries and academic institutions should be interested; a literature review; historical context; industry and market structures; commercial and academic models; trends; and implications for information providers,…

Alexander, Johanna Olson

2001-01-01

383

21 CFR 20.81 - Data and information previously disclosed to the public.  

...information previously disclosed to the public. 20.81 Section 20.81...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PUBLIC INFORMATION Limitations on...information previously disclosed to the public. (a) Any Food and...

2014-04-01

384

78 FR 19508 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Authority...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Authority Executive Compensation Information...compensation provided by public housing authorities (PHAs) to their five most...information: Title of Proposed: Public Housing Authority Executive Compensation...

2013-04-01

385

Information Resources on Online at the Reference Desk. A Selected ERIC Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventeen articles and reports published between 1982 and 1984 and cited in "Current Index to Journals in Education" and "Resources in Education" are listed in this bibliography on online services at the reference desk. Topics include interpersonal relations as a necessary part of the information transfer process; role of the searcher versus that…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources, Syracuse, NY.

386

5Social Construction of Gender and Sexuality in Online HIV/AIDS Information  

E-print Network

and Prevention). Women's vulnerability to HIV and AIDS may be attributed to gender inequalities in socioeconomic1 5Social Construction of Gender and Sexuality in Online HIV/AIDS Information Jing Chong a growing and significant health threat to women worldwide. According to the United Nations (UNAIDS

Kvasny, Lynette

387

Collaborative Game Environments for Informal Science Education: DinoQuest and DinoQuest Online  

E-print Network

Quest Online. As an interoperable game environment, DQ and DQO provide a unique experience and approach to informal science education. DQ and DQO are games for helping school-age children to learn about science (or collaborative group forms that emerged to play DQ and DQO, as well as the affordances that help facilitate

Scacchi, Walt

388

A Collaborative Science Learning Game Environment for Informal Science Education: DinoQuest Online  

E-print Network

the development and deployment of a large-scale collaborative game environment called DinoQuest Online. DQO provides an entertaining experience and approach to informal sci- ence education. DQO represents that emerged to play DQO. Along the way we provided examples of the collaborative groups and game play from DQO

Scacchi, Walt

389

Design Features of On-Line Anatomy Information Resources: A Comparison with the Digital Anatomist  

E-print Network

. In addition to videodisks and CD-ROMs, hundreds of anatomy web sites present Visible Human and other1 Design Features of On-Line Anatomy Information Resources: A Comparison with the Digital Anatomist for learning and teaching anatomy as medical students, and have also examined available anatomy web sites

Washington at Seattle, University of

390

Target and hand position information in the online control of goal-directed arm movements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study compared the contribution of visual information of hand and target position to the online control of goal-directed arm movements. Their respective contributions were assessed by examining how human subjects reacted to a change of the position of either their seen hand or the visual target near the onset of the reaching movement. Subjects, seated head-fixed in a

Fabrice Sarlegna; Jean Blouin; Jean-Pierre Bresciani; Christophe Bourdin; Jean-Louis Vercher; Gabriel M. Gauthier

2003-01-01

391

The Effect of Instructor Information Provision on Critical Thinking in Students Using Asynchronous Online Discussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The facilitation of critical thinking is one of the most frequently discussed potential benefits of the asynchronous online discussion environment, but many studies have reported that it does not occur to any great extent. This study investigated the effect of information provided to students on the facilitation of their critical thinking outcomes…

Klisc, Chris; McGill, Tanya; Hobbs, Valerie

2012-01-01

392

Published online 21 November 2002 The role of the thalamus in the flow of information to  

E-print Network

& Sherman 2002). These higher-order relays form the largest part of the thalamus in primates. An importantPublished online 21 November 2002 The role of the thalamus in the flow of information to the cortex input from cortex, but higher-order relays in addition receive a layer-5 driver input. Corticocortical

Sherman, S. Murray

393

Testing 1...2...3...: Additional Files Available for Test Information Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews databases providing information on published, standardized and unpublished, non-standardized test instruments: Educational Testing Service File, Mental Measurements Yearbook Database, Dissertation Abstracts Online, ERIC, and Psychological Abstracts. Search strategies, search examples, and a summary chart of searchable fields for test…

Fabiano, Emily

1984-01-01

394

Measuring Malaysia School Resource Centers' Standards through iQ-PSS: An Online Management Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ministry of Education has come up with an innovative way to monitor the progress of 9,843 School Resource Centers (SRCs) using an online management information system called iQ-PSS (Quality Index of SRC). This paper aims to describe the data collection method and analyze the current state of SRCs in Malaysia and explain how the results can be…

Zainudin, Fadzliaton; Ismail, Kamarulzaman

2010-01-01

395

Participatory Learning through Behavioral and Cognitive Engagements in an Online Collective Information Searching Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to investigate the relationships between college students' behavioral and cognitive engagements while performing an online collective information searching (CIS) activity. The activity aimed to assist the students in utilizing a social bookmarking application to exploit the Internet in a collective manner. A group of 101 college…

Lin, Chia-Ching; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2012-01-01

396

Communicating in the Online Industry: How an Information Broker Uses Electronic Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The OnTyme electronic mail service made available to library and information community by CLASS (a cooperative library services agency) is discussed as example of computer-based message system. Use of system by Dynamic Services to support internal and external communications needs and receive orders is highlighted. Examples of online sessions are…

Trudell, Libby

1983-01-01

397

Link intensity prediction of online dating networks based on weighted information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main task of the existing link prediction is to predict link existence. However, this paper proposes a new method aiming at the online dating networks, which using weighted transactional information to predict link intensity. Three different supervised learning methods are used in detail, comparing the importance of attribute features, topological features, transactional features and global features based on users'

Jingfeng Guo; Jie Sun

2010-01-01

398

English Collocation Learning through Corpus Data: On-Line Concordance and Statistical Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We developed an English Collocations On Demand system offering on-line corpus and concordance information to help Japanese researchers acquire a better command of English collocation patterns. The Life Science Dictionary Corpus consists of approximately 90,000,000 words collected from life science related research papers published in academic…

Ohtake, Hiroshi; Fujita, Nobuyuki; Kawamoto, Takeshi; Morren, Brian; Ugawa, Yoshihiro; Kaneko, Shuji

2012-01-01

399

Information Systems 32 (2007) 402423 Browsing large online data tables using generalized  

E-print Network

Engineering, University of Melbourne, Australia b Department of Computer Science, Humanďż˝ Computer Interaction to the world over the Internet. They often use large online relational tables for this purpose. Users query reduce network/ server load. r 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Information

Shneiderman, Ben

400

Exploring the social realities of online communities through the lens of a Human Information Behavior  

E-print Network

Exploring the social realities of online communities through the lens of a Human Information disciplines for reasons including issues of access, cultural diversity, community/social capital, social basis for discovering new dynamics of structure, use, design, and their interaction and impact on social

McDonald, David W.

401

Babbling before banking? Online communities and pre-purchase information seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explain the use of online communities for information seeking in the financial products purchasing process and identify relevant usage antecedents. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A theoretical framework is proposed based on the three dimensions community, environment and user characteristics. Subsequently, a representative survey among German consumers is described, illustrating the value of the

Sven C. Berger; Christian M. Messerschmidt

2009-01-01

402

Understanding the Online Informal Learning of English as a Complex Dynamic System: An Emic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into the online informal learning of English has already shown it to be a widespread phenomenon involving a range of comprehension and production activities such as viewing original version television series, listening to music on demand and social networking with other English users. Dynamic systems theory provides a suitable framework…

Sockett, Geoffrey

2013-01-01

403

Teaching an Online Information Literacy Course: Is It Equivalent to Face-to-Face Instruction?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College-level students arrive fairly confident in their research abilities. When the university began a new requirement for information literacy competency in the General Education Requirements, distance library faculty had the opportunity to teach an online section. A technologically savvy health science librarian and technologically challenged…

Gray, Catherine J.; Montgomery, Molly

2014-01-01

404

2010NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. nature structural & molecular biology advance online publication  

E-print Network

©2010NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. nature structural & molecular biology advance online and Manton Center for Orphan Disease, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. 2Department

Clapham, David E.

405

Informal Communication in an Online Volunteer Community: Implications for  

E-print Network

Relationships Susan R. Fussell and Leslie D. Setlock Human-computer Interaction Institute, Carnegie Mellon in which proximity benefits informal communication and relationship development and how technologies can opportunities for interpersonal communication and relationship development and then examine how dimensions

Fussell, Susan R.

406

On-line economic optimization of energy systems using weather forecast information  

Microsoft Academic Search

We establish an on-line optimization framework to exploit weather forecast information in the operation of energy systems. We argue that anticipating the weather conditions can lead to more proactive and cost-effective operations. The framework is based on the solution of a stochastic dynamic real-time optimization (D-RTO) problem incorporating forecasts generated from a state-of-the-art weather prediction model. The necessary uncertainty information

Victor M. Zavala; Emil M. Constantinescu; Theodore Krause; Mihai Anitescu

2009-01-01

407

Online Illegal Drug Use Information: An Exploratory Analysis of Drug-Related Website Viewing by Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the uncertain effects of antidrug media campaigns, and the ease of finding online illegal drug information, research is needed on the Internet role in disseminating drug information to youths. This exploratory study analyzes National Survey of Parents and Youth (NSPY) data on drug website viewing among 12–18 year olds (N = 7,145). Approximately 10.4% reported drug-related website exposure: 5.4% viewed only

Steven Belenko; Karen L. Dugosh; Kevin Lynch; Amy A. Mericle; Michele Pich; Robert F. Forman

2009-01-01

408

Tools to support evidence-informed public health decision making  

PubMed Central

Background Public health professionals are increasingly expected to engage in evidence-informed decision making to inform practice and policy decisions. Evidence-informed decision making involves the use of research evidence along with expertise, existing public health resources, knowledge about community health issues, the local context and community, and the political climate. The National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools has identified a seven step process for evidence-informed decision making. Tools have been developed to support public health professionals as they work through each of these steps. This paper provides an overview of tools used in three Canadian public health departments involved in a study to develop capacity for evidence-informed decision making. Methods As part of a knowledge translation and exchange intervention, a Knowledge Broker worked with public health professionals to identify and apply tools for use with each of the steps of evidence-informed decision making. The Knowledge Broker maintained a reflective journal and interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of decision makers and public health professionals. This paper presents qualitative analysis of the perceived usefulness and usability of the tools. Results Tools were used in the health departments to assist in: question identification and clarification; searching for the best available research evidence; assessing the research evidence for quality through critical appraisal; deciphering the ‘actionable message(s)’ from the research evidence; tailoring messages to the local context to ensure their relevance and suitability; deciding whether and planning how to implement research evidence in the local context; and evaluating the effectiveness of implementation efforts. Decision makers provided descriptions of how the tools were used within the health departments and made suggestions for improvement. Overall, the tools were perceived as valuable for advancing and sustaining evidence-informed decision making. Conclusion Tools are available to support the process of evidence-informed decision making among public health professionals. The usability and usefulness of these tools for advancing and sustaining evidence-informed decision making are discussed, including recommendations for the tools’ application in other public health settings beyond this study. Knowledge and awareness of these tools may assist other health professionals in their efforts to implement evidence-informed practice. PMID:25034534

2014-01-01

409

doi:10.1182/blood-2012-04-424184 Prepublished online August 23, 2012;  

E-print Network

reproducing this article in parts or in its entirety may be found online at: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site/misc/rights.xhtml#reprints Information about ordering reprints may be found online at: http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site) and date of initial publication. theindexed by PubMed from initial publication. Citations to Advance online

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

410

nature biotechnology advance online publication 1 1Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. 2Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University, Cambridge,  

E-print Network

nature biotechnology advance online publication 1 1Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. 2Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University.M.C. (gchurch@genetics.med.harvard.edu) Received 19 April; accepted 24 July; published online 1 August 2013; doi

Church, George M.

411

Antonio A. Casilli, Fred Pailler, Paola Tubaro "Online networks of eating-disorder websites: why censoring pro-ana might be a bad idea", Perspectives in Public  

E-print Network

Antonio A. Casilli, Fred Pailler, Paola Tubaro "Online networks of eating-disorder in Public Health, vol. 133, n.2, 2013, 94-95. Online networks of eating-disorder websites are persons living with eating disorders who often display a proactive

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

412

AC05CH01-Zare ARI 29 November 2011 12:14 Changes may still occur before final publication online and in print  

E-print Network

undergoes in the intervening time. 1 Review in Advance first posted online on December 8, 2011. (Changes may research is too much fun for me to walk away from it now, as long as my health permits it. So I amAC05CH01-Zare ARI 29 November 2011 12:14 Changes may still occur before final publication online

Zare, Richard N.

413

Information Incorporation in Online InGame Sports Betting Markets  

E-print Network

NEC Laboratories America, 4 Independence Way, Princeton, NJ 08540 USA ABSTRACT We analyze data from 52 distinctions between the two types of games. General Terms: Economics, Measurement Keywords: Information tournament [3], to name a few, are largely consistent with strong eĂ?ciency assumptions. 2. DATA AND METRICS

Pennock, David M.

414

Designing for Users: Online Information Literacy in the Middle East  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Librarians from Zayed University in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) report on an empirical evaluation of the relevance and value of Infoasis (http://www.zu.ac.ae/infoasis), a Web-based information literacy tutorial developed and tailored to the Arab student population of the Emirates. After the successful implementation of this project, questions…

Martin, Janet; Birks, Jane; Hunt, Fiona

2010-01-01

415

Preschoolers' Use of Talker Information in On-Line Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A crucial part of language development is learning how various social and contextual language-external factors constrain an utterance's meaning. This learning process is poorly understood. Five experiments addressed one hundred thirty-one 3- to 5-year-old children's use of one such socially relevant information source: talker characteristics.…

Creel, Sarah C.

2012-01-01

416

Providing Information for Business: Government Strategy for the Online World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governments assume a major role in providing information resources for business as a way of promoting national development. This has proven to be a much more demanding task than one might suppose, given the diversity and complexity of business needs and the limitation of government resources for undertaking the task. This chapter will: (1) identify the challenges posed for government

Tanya Castleman

417

The Use of Vocabulary Files for Online Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the text retrieval system, EUREKA, and its techniques for helping the unsophisticated user through the search for and understanding of information based on the vocabulary file concept. Methods for easy construction and maintenance of a suitable data base organization through the EURUP system are described. (RAA)

And Others; Burket, T. J.

1979-01-01

418

Information Science and the Martial Arts: Perspectives on Online Searching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relatively new discipline of information science has its origins in the West, while the ancient martial arts have their origins in the East. Despite these differences in age and hemisphere, the two disciplines can be shown to possess many conceptual as well as technical similarities which have evolved quite independently of each other. This…

Raitt, David I.

419

Information Networks for On-Line Bibliographic Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluates the economic and financial aspects of the application of teleprocessing and telecommunications to the transfer of scientific and technological information, especially in the context of developing countries. It was intended to facilitate comparison of the relative value of a teleprocessing network with that of other modes of…

Karlander, Bo; Sem-Sandberg, Sverre

420

Public health education and practice using geographic information system technology.  

PubMed

The use of geographic information system (GIS) technology allows public health practitioners to explore disparities in health, analyze disease outbreaks, and prioritize the use of limited resources for improving population health. Nursing students benefit from use of World Wide Web GIS resources as they develop knowledge and skill in assessing population health and planning interventions. This article identifies the benefits of GIS for public health practitioners, presents a communicable disease control application of GIS, and discusses a GIS module used in an undergraduate nursing education course. Uniform standards for making health data available for public use with GIS are discussed. PMID:14692990

Riner, Mary E; Cunningham, Cynthia; Johnson, Ann

2004-01-01

421

The general public's use of (and attitudes towards) interactive, personal digital health information and advisory services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines statistically the public's use and attitudes towards interactive and personal health services via an online questionnaire survey and enhances these data with an expert assessment of a number of consumer health sites and their services. Over a period of three weeks more than 1,300 people responded to an online questionnaire produced by The British Life and Internet Project. Of

Paul Huntington; David Nicholas; Janet Homewood; Panayiota Polydoratou; Barrie Gunter; Chris Russell; Richard Withey

2004-01-01

422

Kidsource Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Kidsource Online is an extensive collection of information about raising children from newborns to adolescents. A sampling of the publications they've pulled together at the site includes "Children and Bilingualism" from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association; "Testing Your Child's Hearing" by Carol Knightly, Pediatric Audiologist; and the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA) Provides Tips to Help Parents and Kids Cope with Allergy Season. Resources are organized under top-level categories of Newborns, Toddlers, Preschoolers, K-12, Education, Health, Recreation, Forums, Organizations, and Guide to Best Software, among others.

1997-01-01

423

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center Print Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Center provides a list of print publications from the ICT Center Delmar Learning Series, created by Delmar Learning and the ICT Center. Titles include Introduction to Telecommunications Networks, Basic Telecommunications: The Physical Layer, Fiber Optic Communications and Network Security. The listings for each book include links to information and sample chapters on Delmar Learning's website, as well as links to order the titles on Amazon.com.

2012-10-29

424

American Lung Association`s radon public information program  

SciTech Connect

The American Lung Association (ALA), the nation`s oldest voluntary health organization, is dedicated to the conquest of lung disease and the promotion of lung health. The objective of the ALA Radon Public Information Program is to reduce public exposure to elevated indoor radon levels through implementing grassroots-based radon public awareness campaigns by 22 local ALA groups. The program, which is funded by a grant from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), was initiated in December 1989; the first phase will continue until May, 1991. Activities of local Lung Associations include distribution of free or reduced-cost radon kits; presenting programs in elementary and secondary schools; presenting information on TV news series and talk shows, and on radio Public Service Announcements and talk shows; presenting articles and feature stories in the print media; holding conferences, workshops, and displays at fairs and other exhibitions; distributing radon fact sheets through libraries and utility company mailings; and distributing videos through video chains and libraries. The local Lung Associations also serve as promoters for the EPA/Advertising Council Radon Public Service Announcement Campaign. We will highlight the activities of the groups in communicating radon health risks to the public; we will describe the results obtained and will attempt to evaluate the merits of the various approaches on the basis of the initial results.

McCurdy, L.E. [American Lung Association, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31

425

An Online Database for Informing Ecological Network Models: http://kelpforest.ucsc.edu  

PubMed Central

Ecological network models and analyses are recognized as valuable tools for understanding the dynamics and resiliency of ecosystems, and for informing ecosystem-based approaches to management. However, few databases exist that can provide the life history, demographic and species interaction information necessary to parameterize ecological network models. Faced with the difficulty of synthesizing the information required to construct models for kelp forest ecosystems along the West Coast of North America, we developed an online database (http://kelpforest.ucsc.edu/) to facilitate the collation and dissemination of such information. Many of the database's attributes are novel yet the structure is applicable and adaptable to other ecosystem modeling efforts. Information for each taxonomic unit includes stage-specific life history, demography, and body-size allometries. Species interactions include trophic, competitive, facilitative, and parasitic forms. Each data entry is temporally and spatially explicit. The online data entry interface allows researchers anywhere to contribute and access information. Quality control is facilitated by attributing each entry to unique contributor identities and source citations. The database has proven useful as an archive of species and ecosystem-specific information in the development of several ecological network models, for informing management actions, and for education purposes (e.g., undergraduate and graduate training). To facilitate adaptation of the database by other researches for other ecosystems, the code and technical details on how to customize this database and apply it to other ecosystems are freely available and located at the following link (https://github.com/kelpforest-cameo/databaseui). PMID:25343723

Beas-Luna, Rodrigo; Novak, Mark; Carr, Mark H.; Tinker, Martin T.; Black, August; Caselle, Jennifer E.; Hoban, Michael; Malone, Dan; Iles, Alison

2014-01-01

426

An online database for informing ecological network models: http://kelpforest.ucsc.edu  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ecological network models and analyses are recognized as valuable tools for understanding the dynamics and resiliency of ecosystems, and for informing ecosystem-based approaches to management. However, few databases exist that can provide the life history, demographic and species interaction information necessary to parameterize ecological network models. Faced with the difficulty of synthesizing the information required to construct models for kelp forest ecosystems along the West Coast of North America, we developed an online database (http://kelpforest.ucsc.edu/) to facilitate the collation and dissemination of such information. Many of the database's attributes are novel yet the structure is applicable and adaptable to other ecosystem modeling efforts. Information for each taxonomic unit includes stage-specific life history, demography, and body-size allometries. Species interactions include trophic, competitive, facilitative, and parasitic forms. Each data entry is temporally and spatially explicit. The online data entry interface allows researchers anywhere to contribute and access information. Quality control is facilitated by attributing each entry to unique contributor identities and source citations. The database has proven useful as an archive of species and ecosystem-specific information in the development of several ecological network models, for informing management actions, and for education purposes (e.g., undergraduate and graduate training). To facilitate adaptation of the database by other researches for other ecosystems, the code and technical details on how to customize this database and apply it to other ecosystems are freely available and located at the following link (https://github.com/kelpforest-cameo/data?baseui).

Beas-Luna, Rodrigo; Tinker, M. Tim; Novak, Mark; Carr, Mark H.; Black, August; Caselle, Jennifer E.; Hoban, Michael; Malone, Dan; Iles, Alison C.

2014-01-01

427

Estimating User Influence in Online Social Networks Subject to Information Overload  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Online social networks have attracted remarkable attention since they provide various approaches for hundreds of millions of people to stay connected with their friends. Due to the existence of information overload, the research on diffusion dynamics in epidemiology cannot be adopted directly to that in online social networks. In this paper, we consider diffusion dynamics in online social networks subject to information overload, and model the information-processing process of a user by a queue with a batch arrival and a finite buffer. We use the average number of times a message is processed after it is generated by a given user to characterize the user influence, which is then estimated through theoretical analysis for a given network. We validate the accuracy of our estimation by simulations, and apply the results to study the impacts of different factors on the user influence. Among the observations, we find that the impact of network size on the user influence is marginal while the user influence decreases with assortativity due to information overload, which is particularly interesting.

Li, Pei; Sun, Yunchuan; Chen, Yingwen; Tian, Zhi

2014-11-01

428

Predictors of online information seeking by international students when disaster strikes their countries.  

PubMed

This study explores factors influencing international students' likelihood of using the Internet to seek disaster-related information should a disaster affect their countries. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in two universities in America between August 1 and September 30, 2005. Two hundred twenty-nine (n = 229) students completed the self-administered questionnaires. ANOVA analyses found that respondents' Internet self-efficacy had no significant impact on their intentions to seek disaster-related information on the Internet. However, respondents' Internet dependency and attitude toward seeking information online were found to have a significant effect on such intentions. PMID:17927541

Lu, Hung-Yi; Case, Donald O; Lustria, Mia Liza A; Kwon, Nahyun; Andrews, James E; Cavendish, Sarah E; Floyd, Brenikki R

2007-10-01

429

A Compendium of On-Line Soil Survey Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by scientist D.J. Rossiter of the International Institute for Aerospace Survey & Earth Sciences (ITC), this metasite lists research institutions, databases, journals, and classification schemes and models dealing with soil science. The Learning Resource page contains links to soil science glossaries, Rossiter's own course materials, as well as educational sites from University of Alberta, Cornell University, and others. The Computer Programs page takes users to sites featuring software (some free, some for sale) for soil data management, geostatistics, and topographics. The Methods and Techniques page lists manuals and handbooks (The USDA Soil Survey Manual, for example). Links to journals such as the Australian Journal of Soil Research and Geoderma can be found on the journals page. Other sections of the Compendium include Applications and Models, Land Evaluation, Digital Soil Geographic Databases, Bibliography, and a photo gallery. This metasite provides a wide array of information for researchers in soil science, geoscience, or agriculture.

430

Fall2010a publication to connect you with Rutgers University, Newark in print and online  

E-print Network

, FIND US ONLINE: www.newark.rutgers.edu www.rnphotos.blogspot.com http://twitter.com/rutgers_newark www.facebook use by addicts, among many other projects. Staff engaged in the proposal submission process received

Hanson, Stephen José

431

Evaluating public health uses of health information exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health information exchange (HIE) initiatives are in various stages of development across the United States. They aim to bring previously unavailable clinical data from patients’ disparate health records, which may be spread over multiple provider and payer networks, to the point of care where clinicians and their patients need it most. The implications of these initiatives on public health are

Jason S. Shapiro

2007-01-01

432

Public Education Information Management System Data Standards, 2001-2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The submission of Public Education Information Management System (PEIMS) data is required of all Texas school districts. The "Data Standards" document provides instructions regarding the submission of PEIMS data from school districts to the Texas Education Agency. The 2001-2002 standards describe the PEIMS data reporting requirement and provide…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

433

Information for rural development: challenge for Nigerian rural public libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nigeria is a developing country where the majority of the population live in rural areas. The majority of these rural dwellers are either non-literate or semi-literate. The need to involve them in the national development process cannot be overemphasized. This can be achieved through the identification of the information needs of rural dwellers and the provision of innovative rural public

Rose Bini Okiy

2003-01-01

434

Drunk Driving Public Information Program Strategies and Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, designed to accompany a videocassette of selected television spots is a compendium of specific drunk driving topics and issues for each of the major planning steps of a public information program. The guide is organized around these steps, which are (1) select program strategies, (2) select target audiences, (3) select media channels,…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

435

Public attitudes and information on the nuclear option  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principal findings of public-opinion surveys on nuclear energy are summaried in this article. Attitudes polled include those on building more nuclear power plants, a nuclear moratorium, options for reducing risks, questions of safety and cost advantage, and the most trusted sources of information about nuclear energy. Next, some less empirical observations for interpreting these results are presented. These address

Firebaugh

1981-01-01

436

Public Education Information Management System Data Standards, 1999-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The submission of Public Education Information Management System (PEIMS) data is required of all Texas school districts. These data standards provide instructions regarding the submission of all PEIMS data from school districts to the Texas Education Agency. The standards describe the PEIMS data reporting requirements and the data elements and…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

437

Urban Information and Public Libraries: A Design for Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new statement of philosophy for the American public library which recognizes and commits the institution to helping to end social inequality and injustice through improved information access and by reconstituting the institution's structure and staffing so that it can become and remain genuinely socially responsive is called for. (Author/NH)

Bundy, Mary Lee

1972-01-01

438

The notification collage: posting information to public and personal displays  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Notification Collage (NC) is a groupware system where distributed and co-located colleagues comprising a small community post media elements onto a real-time collaborative surface that all members can see. Akin to collages of information found on public bulletin boards, NC randomly places incoming elements onto this surface. People can post assorted media: live video from desktop cameras; editable sticky

Saul Greenberg; Michael Rounding

2001-01-01

439

An Examination of Search Strategy and an On-Line Bibliographic System Pertaining to Library and Information Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An on-line bibliographic search on evaluating computerized bibliographic data bases and systems, which was performed in the ERIC data base, led the authors to recommend several aspects of online searching for more relevant search results in library and information science literature. (Author/JD)

Antony, Arthur; And Others

1979-01-01

440

29 CFR 4901.4 - Information maintained in public reference room.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Federal Register indexes; (b) Information in PBGC publications. Copies of informational material, such as press releases, pamphlets, and other material ordinarily made available to the public without cost as part of a public...

2010-07-01

441

75 FR 4390 - Notice of Public Information Collection Being Reviewed and Approved By the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection...Commission Under Delegated Authority, Comments Requested...burden invites the general public and other Federal agencies...Voluntary. Statutory authority for this collection of information is contained in Public Law No....

2010-01-27

442

Effects of distracting ads and cognitive control on the processing of online news stories with stereotype-related information.  

PubMed

An experiment (N=123) examined how individuals cognitively process online news stories depicting African-American characters with stereotype-consistent and -inconsistent attributes and whether distracting online ads interfere with story processing. Two cognitive control functions, updating and inhibition, were predicted to moderate the effects of distracting ads. Recall of characters' attributes and overall characters' description were included in the study as dependent measures. Findings indicated that distracting online ads hinder recall of information about and descriptions of story characters. Inhibition and updating affect dependent measures and moderate the effects of distracting online ads on characters' descriptions. PMID:23574346

Kononova, Anastasia G

2013-05-01

443

Collaborative game environments for informal science education: DinoQuest and DinoQuest Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe concepts and results that arose from the development and deployment of a large-scale collaborative game environment called DinoQuest and DinoQuest Online. As interoperable game environments, DQ and DQO provide a unique experience and approach to informal science education. DQ and DQO are games for helping school-age children to learn about science (or more specifically, life science and dinosaurs).

Walt Scacchi; Robert Nideffer; Joe Adams

2008-01-01

444

A Collaborative Science Learning Game Environment for Informal Science Education: DinoQuest Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe concepts and results that arose from the development and deployment of a large-scale collaborative game environment\\u000a called DinoQuest Online. DQO provides an entertaining experience and approach to informal science education. DQO represents\\u000a a collection of 13 games for helping school-age children to learn about science (or more specifically, life science and dinosaurs).In\\u000a this paper, we identify and examine

Walt Scacchi; Robert Nideffer; Joe Adams

445

National Science Foundation Project on Advanced Online Education in Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Science Foundation (NSF) Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) project # DUE-0196015 is aimed to develop innovative Web-based and screaming media-based teaching and learning technologies to be used in advanced online education in information technology (IT) curriculum. It is hosted by the InterLabs Research Institute (IRI) at Bradley University (Peoria, IL). Today, streaming media technology is one of

Vladimir Uskov; Alexander Uskov

2004-01-01

446

Confirmation Bias in Web-Based Search: A Randomized Online Study on the Effects of Expert Information and Social Tags on Information Search and Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background The public typically believes psychotherapy to be more effective than pharmacotherapy for depression treatments. This is not consistent with current scientific evidence, which shows that both types of treatment are about equally effective. Objective The study investigates whether this bias towards psychotherapy guides online information search and whether the bias can be reduced by explicitly providing expert information (in a blog entry) and by providing tag clouds that implicitly reveal experts’ evaluations. Methods A total of 174 participants completed a fully automated Web-based study after we invited them via mailing lists. First, participants read two blog posts by experts that either challenged or supported the bias towards psychotherapy. Subsequently, participants searched for information about depression treatment in an online environment that provided more experts’ blog posts about the effectiveness of treatments based on alleged research findings. These blogs were organized in a tag cloud; both psychotherapy tags and pharmacotherapy tags were popular. We measured tag and blog post selection, efficacy ratings of the presented treatments, and participants’ treatment recommendation after information search. Results Participants demonstrated a clear bias towards psychotherapy (mean 4.53, SD 1.99) compared to pharmacotherapy (mean 2.73, SD 2.41; t 173=7.67, P<.001, d=0.81) when rating treatment efficacy prior to the experiment. Accordingly, participants exhibited biased information search and evaluation. This bias was significantly reduced, however, when participants were exposed to tag clouds with challenging popular tags. Participants facing popular tags challenging their bias (n=61) showed significantly less biased tag selection (F 2,168=10.61, P<.001, partial eta squared=0.112), blog post selection (F 2,168=6.55, P=.002, partial eta squared=0.072), and treatment efficacy ratings (F 2,168=8.48, P<.001, partial eta squared=0.092), compared to bias-supporting tag clouds (n=56) and balanced tag clouds (n=57). Challenging (n=93) explicit expert information as presented in blog posts, compared to supporting expert information (n=81), decreased the bias in information search with regard to blog post selection (F 1,168=4.32, P=.04, partial eta squared=0.025). No significant effects were found for treatment recommendation (Ps>.33). Conclusions We conclude that the psychotherapy bias is most effectively attenuated—and even eliminated—when popular tags implicitly point to blog posts that challenge the widespread view. Explicit expert information (in a blog entry) was less successful in reducing biased information search and evaluation. Since tag clouds have the potential to counter biased information processing, we recommend their insertion. PMID:24670677

Oeberst, Aileen; Cress, Ulrike

2014-01-01

447

Public Goods, Private Data: HIV and the History, Ethics, and Uses of Identifiable Public Health Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

b d Public health departments collect a vast array of identifiable information in the course of mandatory reporting efforts and other surveillance activities. These undertakings span a range of conditions from infectious threats and chronic diseases including cancer, to immunization status and birth defects. Advocates for expanded surveillance extended the practice to occupational diseases and, most ambitiously, to profiles of

Amy L. Fairchild; Ronald Bayer; Patricia Sweeney; Robert S. Janssen

2007-01-01

448

Scientific Coolections: Informational - Navigational Portal for Scientific Publications Access.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At present there is the tendency of uniting efforts of scientific establishments and libraries for using information - communication medium with the purpose of information support of research and pedagogical activity in Moldova. The efficient access to the scientific and technical literature and, first of all, to the new publications, is necessary practically for all scientists and experts irrespective of a field of knowledge, in which they work. Research institutions, knowing how to receive access to the electron information and to use it intellectually, realize that it effects positively the quality and outcomes of the research process. It is obvious, that to ensure maximum utilization of the new information stream by habitual methods is impossible. New non-traditional approaches are necessary for the increase of the level of information provision of scientists and experts. Creation of electron libraries, realizing qualitatively other level of production, storage, organization and distribution of various information is the most effective way to gin this object. The access to the electron versions of scientific journals allows to reduce the acuteness of shortage of scientific literature, the electron information becomes accessible before the publication of paper version of a journal, and taking into account the delivery time of foreign issues into Moldova, this outstripping can reach several months.

Bogatencov, Petru; Kozlenco, Ludmila; Ginculova, Silvia; Keradi, Natalia

449

Linking NASA Environmental Data with a National Public Health Cohort Study and a CDC On-Line System to Enhance Public Health Decision Making  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The overall goal of this study is to address issues of environmental health and enhance public health decision making by utilizing NASA remotely-sensed data and products. This study is a collaboration between NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Universities Space Research Association (USRA), the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Public Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for Public Health Informatics. The objectives of this study are to develop high-quality spatial data sets of environmental variables, link these with public health data from a national cohort study, and deliver the linked data sets and associated analyses to local, state and federal end-user groups. Three daily environmental data sets were developed for the conterminous U.S. on different spatial resolutions for the period 2003-2008: (1) spatial surfaces of estimated fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposures on a 10-km grid utilizing the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ground observations and NASA s MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data; (2) a 1-km grid of Land Surface Temperature (LST) using MODIS data; and (3) a 12-km grid of daily Solar Insolation (SI) and maximum and minimum air temperature using the North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS) forcing data. These environmental datasets were linked with public health data from the UAB REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) national cohort study to determine whether exposures to these environmental risk factors are related to cognitive decline and other health outcomes. These environmental national datasets will also be made available to public health professionals, researchers and the general public via the CDC Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER) system, where they can be aggregated to the county, state or regional level as per users need and downloaded in tabular, graphical, and map formats. The linkage of these data provides a useful addition to CDC WONDER, allowing public health researchers and policy makers to better include environmental exposure data in the context of other health data available in this online system. It also substantially expands public access to NASA data, making their use by a wide range of decision makers feasible.

Al-Hamdan, Mohammad; Crosson, William; Economou, Sigrid; Estes, Maurice, Jr.; Estes, Sue; Hemmings, Sarah; Kent, Shia; Puckett, Mark; Quattrochi, Dale; Wade, Gina; McClure, Leslie

2012-01-01

450

International Information: Documents, Publications, and Electronic Information of International Governmental Organizations. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International governmental organizations (IGOs) are constantly expanding their work and influence, yet their publications are among the most difficult documents for libraries to acquire, organize, and use. This authoritative reference work examines the documentation, publications, and computerized information services of such major IGOs as the…

Hajnal, Peter I., Ed.

451

Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS) Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

California Department of Health Services, Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS) Publications, Occupational Health Branch (OHB). HESIS offers California workers, employers, and health professionals up-to-date practical answers to questions about the health effects of workplace hazards. HESIS publications are available free of charge in limited quantities and may be reproduced for free distribution. You can read or download most of them here, You can read or download most of them here, or order printed copies by calling (866) 627-1586 or using the form on the webpage.

2008-01-30

452

Lifespan and propagation of information in On-line Social Networks a Case Study  

E-print Network

Since 1950, information flows have been in the centre of scientific research. Up until internet penetration in the late 90s, these studies were based over traditional offline social networks. Several observations in offline information flows studies, such as two-step flow of communication and the importance of weak ties, were verified in several online studies, showing that the diffused information flows from one Online Social Network (OSN) to several others. Within that flow, information is shared to and reproduced by the users of each network. Furthermore, the original content is enhanced or weakened according to its topic, the dynamic and exposure of each OSNs. In such a concept, each OSN is considered a layer of information flows that interacts with each other. In this paper, we examine such flows in several social networks, as well as their diffusion and lifespan across multiple OSNs, in terms of user-generated content. Our results verify the perception of content and information connection in various OS...

Haralabopoulos, Giannis

2014-01-01

453

26 CFR 301.6104(a)-5 - Withholding of certain information from public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Withholding of certain information from public inspection. 301.6104...ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records ...6104(a)-5 Withholding of certain information from public inspection. (a)...

2010-04-01

454

26 CFR 301.6104(a)-5 - Withholding of certain information from public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Withholding of certain information from public inspection. 301.6104...ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records ...6104(a)-5 Withholding of certain information from public inspection. (a)...

2011-04-01

455

Information services using Internet technologies in the Public sector Christos Bouras, Spyridon Kastaniotis, Vassilis Triantafillou  

E-print Network

Information services using Internet technologies in the Public sector Christos Bouras, Spyridon safety issues and allows information exchange between the public and different departments of Greek Power sector, databases, communication networks, Internet 1. Introduction The new information society

Bouras, Christos

456

75 FR 28278 - Notice of amendment to Notice of Realty Action: Competitive Online Auction of Public Lands in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...determined after the close of the 45-day comment period. Articles printed in the local newspaper and advertisements on local radio and television stations will notify the public of the specific sale opening date. Sale information may also be...

2010-05-20

457

Crowdsourcing Quality Control of Online Information: A Quality-Based Cascade Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We extend previous cascade models of social influence to investigate how the exchange of quality information among users may moderate cascade behavior, and the extent to which it may influence the effectiveness of collective user recommendations on quality control of information. We found that while cascades do sometimes occur, their effects depend critically on the accuracies of individual quality assessments of information contents. Contrary to predictions of cascade models of information flow, quality-based cascades tend to reinforce the propagation of individual quality assessments rather than being the primary sources that drive the assessments. We found even small increase in individual accuracies will significantly improve the overall effectiveness of crowdsourcing quality control. Implication to domains such as online health information Web sites or product reviews are discussed.

Fu, Wai-Tat; Liao, Vera

458

An information diffusion model based on retweeting mechanism for online social media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To characterize information propagation on online microblogs, we propose a diffusion model (SCIR) which contains four possible states: Susceptible, contacted, infected and refractory. Agents that read the information but have not decided to spread it, stay in the contacted state. They may become infected or refractory, and both the infected and refractory state are stable. Results show during the evolution process, more contacted agents appear in scale-free networks than in regular lattices. The degree based density of infected agents increases with the degree monotonously, but larger average network degree doesn't always mean less relaxation time.

Xiong, Fei; Liu, Yun; Zhang, Zhen-jiang; Zhu, Jiang; Zhang, Ying

2012-06-01

459

On-line economic optimization of energy systems using weather forecast information.  

SciTech Connect

We establish an on-line optimization framework to exploit weather forecast information in the operation of energy systems. We argue that anticipating the weather conditions can lead to more proactive and cost-effective operations. The framework is based on the solution of a stochastic dynamic real-time optimization (D-RTO) problem incorporating forecasts generated from a state-of-the-art weather prediction model. The necessary uncertainty information is extracted from the weather model using an ensemble approach. The accuracy of the forecast trends and uncertainty bounds are validated using real meteorological data. We present a numerical simulation study in a building system to demonstrate the developments.

Zavala, V. M.; Constantinescu, E. M.; Krause, T.; Anitescu, M.

2009-01-01

460

Evaluating public health uses of health information exchange.  

PubMed

Health information exchange (HIE) initiatives are in various stages of development across the United States. They aim to bring previously unavailable clinical data from patients' disparate health records, which may be spread over multiple provider and payer networks, to the point of care where clinicians and their patients need it most. The implications of these initiatives on public health are numerous. This article provides general evaluation methods for measuring the impact of HIE on public health in six use cases: (1) mandated reporting of laboratory diagnoses, (2) mandated reporting of physician-based diagnoses, (3) public health investigation, (4) disease-based non-reportable laboratory data, (5) antibiotic-resistant organism surveillance, and (6) population-level quality monitoring. PMID:17919985

Shapiro, Jason S

2007-12-01

461

A quantitative analysis of the content and structure of public requests for private interaction posted in online public chatrooms.  

PubMed

Evidence is presented suggesting that the majority (88%) of online requests for private computer-mediated communication posted in Internet Relay Chat (IRC) chatrooms are derivations of the following prototypical structure: (a) a target specifier, e.g., "any girls"; (b) the communication request itself, e.g., "wanna chat"; (c) a self-identifier, e.g., "to a guy"; and (d) a communication directive, e.g., "msg me!" A methodology capable of identifying individual differences in the frequency of language usage on IRC was developed and used to generate a taxonomy of the phrases commonly used in each of these four components. This taxonomy of 82 phrases accounted for 14.5% of the total language used across a variety of IRC chatrooms and 77% of the words used in requests for private interaction. It also identified at least one component in 83% of all requests for private interaction posted on IRC, while having only a 10% rate of false (non-request) identification. The reduced complexity and increased explicitness of requests for private interaction on IRC is interpreted using politeness theory. The application of the current methodology for research assessing the formation of online romantic and interpersonal relationships is considered, as are the utility of quantitative analyses of discourse structures in computer-mediated communication for profiling people who use IRC for various purposes. PMID:15140365

Sibley, Chris G; Heath, Simon O

2004-04-01

462

Intergroup information exchange drives cooperation in the public goods game  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we explore the onset of cooperative traits in the public goods game. This well-known game involves N-agent interactions and thus reproduces a large number of social scenarios in which cooperation appears to be essential. Many studies have recently addressed how the structure of the interaction patterns influences the emergence of cooperation. Here we study how information about the payoffs collected by each individual in the different groups it participates in influences the decisions made by its group partners. Our results point out that cross-information plays a fundamental and positive role in the evolution of cooperation for different versions of the public goods game and different interaction structures.

Gracia-Lázaro, C.; Gómez-Gardeńes, J.; Floría, L. M.; Moreno, Y.

2014-10-01

463

Lay information mediary behavior uncovered: exploring how nonprofessionals seek health information for themselves and others online*EC  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This research studied motivations for, barriers to, and effects of online health information seeking and explored lay information mediary behavior (LIMB) characteristics in the consumer health information domain. Lay information mediaries (LIMs) seek information on behalf or because of others, without necessarily being asked to do so or engaging in follow up, and have represented more than 50% of health information seekers in prior studies. Methods: A web-based survey was posted on NC Health Info (NCHI) with 211 respondents, self-identified per the information need that brought them to NCHI as 20% LIMs (n?=?43), 58% direct users (n?=?122), and 22% health or information providers (n?=?46). Follow-up telephone interviews were performed with 10% (n?=?21). Interview analysis focused on lay participants (n?=?15 LIMs and direct users combined). Interviewees were reclassified post-survey as 12 LIMs and 3 direct users when studied information behavior extended beyond NCHI search. Interview data were analyzed using grounded theory approach. Results: Surveyed LIMs were 77% female (n?=?33) and searched on behalf or because of family members (81%, n?=?35) and people they felt “extremely close” to (77%, n?=?33). LIMs reported various information seeking barriers “sometimes” to “often.” LIMs searched mostly without prompting (51%, n?=?22). Interview results triangulated survey findings regarding gender, tie strength, and prompting. Conclusions: LIMB may be related to gender and relationship tie strength and appears more internally than externally motivated. Further LIMB research is warranted. PMID:18974809

Fisher, Karen E.; Turner, Anne G.; Durrance, Joan C.; Turner, Tammara Combs

2008-01-01

464

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel  

SciTech Connect

This circular provides information on shipment of spent fuel subject to regulation by US NRC. It provides a brief description of spent fuel shipment safety and safeguards requirement of general interest, a summary of data for 1979-1995 highway and railway shipments, and a listing, by State, of recent highway and railway shipment routes. The enclosed route information reflects specific NRC approvals that have been granted in response to requests for shipments of spent fuel. This publication does not constitute authority for carriers or other persons to use the routes described to ship spent fuel, other categories of nuclear waste, or other materials.

NONE

1996-07-01

465

Public Library Information and Referral Project: Phase I, Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was the first phase of a multiple phase project to generate knowledge about the creation and rapid growth of information and referral (I&R) services in public libraries in the United States in the late 1960s and the 1970s. I&R service is defined as facilitating the link between a person with a need and the resources outside a library to…

Childers, Thomas

466

Public Expressions of Private Sentiments: Unveiling the Pulse of Racial Tolerance through Online News Readers' Comments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ever since the election of the nation's first Black president, there have been strong persistent claims that racism is no longer a problem in the United States. However, there are indicators in society that reveal that the death of racism is just a myth. The emergence of online news readers' comments have allowed the amplification of private sentiments on a

Jaime Loke

2012-01-01

467

Subject access to materials in online library catalogues: discovery of Moroccan publications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The online library catalogue is one way that academic libraries provide convenient and consistent access to materials for researchers. Through an author or title search, the library catalogue is easily able to direct researchers in North African studies to a known item that is part of the library collection. The library catalogue, however, does not work as well as a

Heather Lea Moulaison

2010-01-01

468

Online Investing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Wall Street Journal, this site provides a collection of articles offering information and advice on several aspects of online investing. Stemming from a newly published book, Online Investing, by the editors and reporters of the online version of the Wall Street Journal, the site is divided into five "chapters" covering types of online investing, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, futures and options, and tools of the trade. The articles are well written and offer very basic information for novices looking for sound information and advice on this kind of investing.

469

Profile of on-line anatomy information resources: design and instructional implications.  

PubMed

This study is based on a review of 40 on-line anatomy web resources compiled from sites selected from our own searches as well as sites reviewed and published by an external group (Voiglio et al., 1999, Surg. Radiol. Anat. 21:65-68; Frasca et al., 2000, Surg. Radiol. Anat. 22:107-110). The purpose of our survey was to propose criteria by which anatomy educators could judge the characteristics of the currently available web-based resources for incorporation into the courses they teach. Each site was reviewed and scored based on a survey matrix that included four main categories: 1). site background information, 2). content components, 3). interactivity features, and 4). user interface design components. The average score of the reviewed sites was 3.3 of the total possible score of 10, indicating the limited use of computer-based design features by the majority of sites. We found, however, a number of programs in each of the survey categories that could serve as prototypes for designing future on-line anatomy resources. From the survey we conclude that various design features are less important than the comprehensiveness, depth, and logical organization of content. We suggest that the content should be sufficient for supporting explicitly defined educational objectives, which should target specific end-user populations. The majority of anatomy programs currently accessible on-line fall short of these requirements. There is a need for a coordinated and synergistic effort to generate a comprehensive anatomical information resource that is of sufficient quality and depth to support higher levels of learning beyond the memorization of structure names. Such a resource is a prerequisite for meaningful on-line anatomy education. PMID:12486740

Kim, S; Brinkley, J F; Rosse, C

2003-01-01

470

Information Synthesis: A Process used by Scientists in Medicine and Public Health to Overcome Information Overload  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the amount of peer-reviewed articles in public health and biomedicine continues to soar, scientists struggle to keep up new findings, even in narrow areas of expertise. Satisfied that an information retrieval system can identify a set of relevant articles; scientists now face the challenge of how to aggregate information from within the retrieved set. My dissertation will explore (1)

Catherine Blake

471

State of the Art and Future of Online Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of online information services is currently widespread in public, academic, government, and corporate libraries and information centers. The trend is for smaller libraries of all varieties to install terminals and obtain passwords, while larger libraries add systems of all types. Even in the face of a severe recession, online growth rates have…

Trubkin, Loene

472

Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education, which began as correspondence courses in the nineteenth century and grew into educational television during the twentieth century, evolved into learning on the Web by the mid-1990s. Accompanying the rise in online learning has been a similar rise in organizations and publications dedicated to serving the needs of online

Perry, Edward H.; Pilati, Michelle L.

2011-01-01

473

Target and hand position information in the online control of goal-directed arm movements.  

PubMed

The present study compared the contribution of visual information of hand and target position to the online control of goal-directed arm movements. Their respective contributions were assessed by examining how human subjects reacted to a change of the position of either their seen hand or the visual target near the onset of the reaching movement. Subjects, seated head-fixed in a dark room, were instructed to look at and reach with a pointer towards visual targets located in the fronto-parallel plane at different distances to the right of the starting position. LEDs mounted on the tip of the pointer were used to provide true or erroneous visual feedback about hand position. In some trials, either the target or the pointer LED that signalled the actual hand position was shifted 4.5 cm to the left or to the right during the ocular saccade towards the target. Because of saccadic suppression, subjects did not perceive these displacements, which occurred near arm movement onset. The results showed that modifications of arm movement amplitude appeared, on average, 150 ms earlier and reached a greater extent (mean difference=2.7 cm) when there was a change of target position than when a change of the seen hand position occurred. These findings highlight the weight of target position information to the online control of arm movements. Visual information relative to hand position may be less contributive because proprioception also provides information about limb position. PMID:12830346

Sarlegna, Fabrice; Blouin, Jean; Bresciani, Jean-Pierre; Bourdin, Christophe; Vercher, Jean-Louis; Gauthier, Gabriel M

2003-08-01

474

77 FR 20010 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Online Customer Relationship Management (CRM...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Database, and the Online Opportunity Database...AGENCY: Minority Business Development Agency...MBEs to conduct business in the United States in the Online Phoenix Database...self-register via the Online Phoenix Database...of potential business...

2012-04-03

475

76 FR 32008 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collections: RPPR Public Diplomacy Surveys  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...General Population Survey (GPS). OMB Control Number: None...General Population Survey (GPS) collection will include a...non-participants, and APDI- GPS, the information collection...protecting the participant's privacy, telephone or online...

2011-06-02

476

The Digital Revolution and Higher Education: College Presidents, Public Differ on Value of Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based on findings from a pair of Pew Research Center surveys conducted in spring 2011. One is a telephone survey of a nationally representative sample of 2,142 adults ages 18 and older. The other is an online survey, done in association with the Chronicle of Higher Education, among the presidents of 1,055 two-year and four-year…

Parker, Kim; Lenhart, Amanda; Moore, Kathleen

2011-01-01

477

Bringing Nano to the Public through Informal Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Researchers in nanoscale science and engineering communicate all the time. We give talks, present lectures, and write papers regularly. But the general public---the consumers who will use the products of our work and the voters who indirectly set the national research agenda---do not often hear us. Informal science education---including museums, TV, public lectures, popular press, etc.---is a way to connect with broader audiences in a variety of fun and effective ways. Museums, which are visited by hundreds of millions of people each year in the U.S., are popular because they are skilled at making abstract and complex phenomena comprehensible to people from all walks of life and at making the whole experience fun. This talk will provide an introduction the ``informal science education'' field, discuss the art of honing your message into clear and realistic learning goals, describe methods for understanding your audience and their background, and help researchers to appreciate the limits of what can be learned in one experience. It will also review what the public currently understands about nanoscale science and engineering and the challenges that these (mis)understandings create for museums and researchers.

Crone, Wendy

2008-03-01

478

Parenting online and lay literature on infant spanking: information readily available to parents.  

PubMed

Professional consensus exists against the spanking of infants based on the risk of escalation and injury. Moreover, infants are unable to recognize connections between their behavior and punishment and to modify their behavior in response. However, pediatricians and other health care professionals do not frequently discuss the issue of infant spanking with parents. Meanwhile, parents are increasingly seeking parenting information from other sources including the Internet and lay parenting books. Using content analysis methodology, online parenting sites and popular "how to" parenting books were reviewed with regard to the advisability of corporal punishment with infants. Results reveal that although the vast majority of online and popular print literature on infant parenting is developmentally sound, a small constituency of spanking advocates does exist. Given that some of the information available to parents contradicts professional consensus against the spanking of infants, it seems important for professionals concerned with the well being of infants to address the gaps in information and inherent dangers of infant spanking. PMID:18956507

Cain, Daphne S

2008-01-01

479

5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information...copying a current index of the materials available at its public reading room facility which are required to be indexed under 5...

2012-01-01

480

5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information...copying a current index of the materials available at its public reading room facility which are required to be indexed under 5...

2013-01-01

481

42 CFR 4.8 - Publication of the Library and information about the Library.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Publication of the Library and information about the Library. 4.8 Section 4.8 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.8...

2013-10-01

482

42 CFR 4.8 - Publication of the Library and information about the Library.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Publication of the Library and information about the Library. 4.8 Section 4.8 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.8...

2012-10-01

483

Subjectivity of LiDAR-Based Offset Measurements: Results from a Public Online Survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geomorphic features (e.g., stream channels) that are offset in an earthquake can be measured to determine slip at that location. Analysis of these and other offset features can provide useful information for generating fault slip distributions. Remote analyses of active fault zones using high-resolution LiDAR data have recently been pursued in several studies, but there is a lack of consistency between users both for data analysis and results reporting. Individual investigators typically make offset measurements in a particular study area with their own protocols for measurement, assessing uncertainty, and quality rating, yet there is no coherent understanding of the reliability and repeatability of the measurements from observer to observer. We invited the participation of colleagues, interested geoscience communities, and the general public to measure ten geomorphic offsets from active faults in western North America using remote measurement methods that span a range of complexity (e.g., paper image and scale, the Google Earth ruler tool, and a MATLAB GUI for calculating backslip required to properly restore tectonic deformation) to explore the subjectivity involved with measuring geomorphic offsets. We provided a semi-quantitative quality-rating rubric for a description of offset quality, but there was a general lack of quality rating/offset uncertainty reporting. Survey responses (including mapped fault traces and piercing lines) were anonymously submitted along with user experience information. We received 11 paper-, 28 Google Earth-, and 16 MATLAB-based survey responses, though not all individuals measured every feature provided. For all survey methods, the majority of responses are in close agreement. However, large discrepancies arise where users interpret landforms differently, specifically the pre-earthquake morphologies and total offset accumulation of geomorphic features. Experienced users make more consistent measurements, whereas beginners less-consistently choose the same interpretation for an offset feature. The Google Earth survey, for example, shows that the average percent difference between all expert measurements is significantly smaller (19%) than the percent difference between all beginner measurements (39%). One group of students was asked to perform the paper-based survey twice - once before and once after an introductory lecture on the basic neotectonic principles. While the standard deviations for each feature were arbitrarily affected in this simple experiment, in 80% of the cases measurement uncertainties increased. In general, standardizing measurement and reporting methods will be a crucial first step towards enhancing consistency of LiDAR-based analyses of active faults and establishing community protocols for measurement and reporting.

Salisbury, J. B.; Arrowsmith, R.; Rockwell, T. K.; Haddad, D. E.; Zielke, O.; Madden, C.

2012-12-01

484

Quality of online health information about oral contraceptives from Hebrew-language websites  

PubMed Central

Background The Internet is a frequently used source of health information. Adolescents in particular seem to be receptive to online health information (OHI) and often incorporate such information in their decision-making processes. Yet, OHI is often incomplete, inaccurate, or unreliable. This study assessed the quality of Hebrew online (non-user-generated) content on oral contraceptives (OC), with regard to accuracy/completeness, credibility, and usability. Methods Twenty-nine websites in Hebrew, including those of the four Israeli HMOs, were identified and evaluated. The websites were categorized as: HMO, health portal, contraception-specific, promotional-commercial, and life style and women’s health. A set of established content parameters was selected by a family planning expert to assess accuracy/completeness. The Health on the Net Foundation Code of Conduct (HONcode) principles were used to assess the websites’ reliability. Usability was assessed by applying items selected from the Minervation Validation and the University of Michigan’s ?Website Evaluation checklist? scale. Mean scores, standard deviations (SD), and ranges were calculated for all websites and for category-specific websites. Correlation between dimensions and Inter-rater reliability were also examined. Results The mean score for accuracy/completeness was 50.9% for all websites (SD=30.1%, range 8–100%). Many websites failed to provide complete information, or provided inaccurate information regarding what to do when a pill is missed and when to use back–up methods. The average credibility score for all websites was 70.6% (SD=15.1, range=38=98%). The credibility parameters that were most commonly absent were funding source, authoring, date of content creation and last modification, explicit reference to evidence-based information, and references and citations. The average usability score for all websites was 94.5% (SD=6.9%, range 79–100%). A weak correlation was found between the three quality parameters assessed. Conclusions Wide variation was noted in the quality of Hebrew-language OC websites. HMOs’ websites scored highest on credibility and usability, and contraceptive-specific websites exhibited the greatest accuracy/completeness. The findings highlight the need to establish quality guidelines for health website content, train health care providers in assisting their patients to seek high quality OHI, and strengthen e-health literacy skills among online-information seekers, including perhaps health professionals. PMID:23006798

2012-01-01

485

The public health information infrastructure. A national review of the law on health information privacy.  

PubMed

Our objectives were to review and analyze the laws in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico that regulate the acquisition, storage, and use of public health data and to offer proposals for reform of the laws on public health information privacy. Virtually all states reported some statutory protection for governmentally maintained health data for public health information in general (49 states), communicable diseases (42 states), and sexually transmitted diseases (43 states). State statutes permitted disclosure of data for statistical purposes (42 states), contact tracing (39 states), epidemiologic investigations (22 states), and subpoena or court order (14 states). The survey revealed significant problems that affect both the development of fair and effective public health information systems and the protection of privacy. Statutes may be silent about the degree of privacy protection afforded, confer weaker privacy protection to certain kinds of information, or grant health officials broad discretion to disseminate personal information. Our proposals for law reform are based on a meeting of experts at the Carter Presidential Center under the auspices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists: (1) an independent data protection commission should be established, (2) health authorities should justify the collection of personally identifiable information, (3) subjects should be given basic information about data practices, (4) data should be held and used in accordance with fair information practices, (5) legally binding privacy and security assurances should attach to identifiable health information with significant penalties for breach of these assurances, (6) disclosure of data should be made only for purposes consistent with the original collection, and (7) secondary uses beyond those originally intended by the data collector should be permitted only with informed consent. PMID:8648874

Gostin, L O; Lazzarini, Z; Neslund, V S; Osterholm, M T

1996-06-26

486

76 FR 20698 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Agency (PHA) 5-Year...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Comment; Public Housing Agency (PHA) 5-Year and Annual Plan AGENCY: Office...Title of Proposal: Public Housing Agency (PHA) 5-Year and Annual Plan. OMB Control...for the Information and Proposed Use: The PHA Plan is a comprehensive guide to PHA...

2011-04-13

487

An On-Line Technology Information System (OTIS) for Advanced Life Support  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An On-line Technology Information System (OTIS) is currently being developed for the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. This paper describes the preliminary development of OTIS, which is a system designed to provide centralized collection and organization of technology information. The lack of thorough, reliable and easily understood technology information is a major obstacle in effective assessment of technology development progress, trade studies, metric calculations, and technology selection for integrated testing. OTIS will provide a formalized, well-organized protocol to communicate thorough, accurate, current and relevant technology information between the hands-on technology developer and the ALS Community. The need for this type of information transfer system within the Solid Waste Management (SWM) element was recently identified and addressed. A SWM Technology Information Form (TIF) was developed specifically for collecting detailed technology information in the area of SWM. In the TIF, information is requested from SWM technology developers, based upon the Technology Readiness Level (TRL). Basic information is requested for low-TRL technologies, and more detailed information is requested as the TRL of the technology increases. A comparable form is also being developed for the wastewater processing element. In the future, similar forms will also be developed for the ALS elements of air revitalization, food processing, biomass production and thermal control. These ALS element-specific forms will be implemented in OTIS via a web-accessible interface,with the data stored in an object-oriented relational database (created in MySQLTM) located on a secure server at NASA Ames Research Center. With OTIS, ALS element leads and managers will be able to carry out informed research and development investment, thereby promoting technology through the TRL scale. OTIS will also allow analysts to make accurate evaluations of technology options. Additionally, the range and specificity of information solicited will help educate technology developers of programmatic needs.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hoganm John A.; Rodriquez, Luis

2003-01-01

488

Gap in publication of comparative information on new medicines  

PubMed Central

AIMS To determine the time-lag between the EU authorization of new medicines and the publications of the main randomized active control trials (RaCTs) used in the authorization process and to compare unpublished with published RaCTs of the same medicine. METHODS All RaCTs for new medicines with a new active substance, authorized between 1999 and 2003, were extracted from the European Public Assessment Reports (EPAR). Information about the publication status of RaCTs was obtained from the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases. RESULTS We identified 116 RaCTs for 42 new medicines; 28% of the RaCTs had been published at the moment of market authorization, 59% after 1 year, 78% after 2 and 83% after 3 years. Most of the rest of the studies remained unpublished after 3 years of follow-up. Unpublished RaCTs differed from published trials of the same medicine especially regarding therapeutic use and/or comparator. In some cases unpublished trials have influenced the risk : benefit asssessment of the registration authorities. CONCLUSIONS Most of the main RaCTs, relevant for assessing the added value of a new medicine, are published subsequent to market entry; some of these trials remain unpublished. We argue for a standardized public registration of the results of the main premarketing clinical trials as a condition for market authorization. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT Randomized active control trials are used by health care professionals and reimbursement authorities for the assessment of the added value of a new medicine. Failing to publish the results of clinical trials limits making an evidence based assessment and conducting systematic reviews. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS About one-third of the comparative trials used in the authorization process are published at the moment of market authorization and about four out of five within 2 or 3 years. Most of the rest remain unpublished. Unpublished trials contain information regarding a different therapeutic use or a different comparator of the same medicine and, in some cases, have influenced the risk : benefit assessment of the registration authorities. A standardized public registration of results of the main premarketing trials is advocated to fill the publication gap. PMID:18294324

van Luijn, Johan C F; Stolk, Pieter; Gribnau, Frank W J; Leufkens, Hubert G M

2008-01-01

489

On-line estimation of hidden Markov model parameters based on the Kullback-Leibler information measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sequential or online hidden Markov model (HMM) signal processing schemes are derived, and their performance is illustrated by simulation. The online algorithms are sequential expectation maximization (EM) schemes and are derived by using stochastic approximations to maximize the Kullback-Leibler information measure. The schemes can be implemented either as filters or fixed-lag or sawtooth-lag smoothers. They yield estimates of the HMM

Vikram Krishnamurthy; John B. Moore

1993-01-01

490

32 CFR 705.6 - Releasing public information material to the media.  

...public information material to the media. 705.6 Section 705.6...public information material to the media. (a) Methods of releasing...response to query from a news media representative. The material may be produced by...

2014-07-01

491

78 FR 57378 - Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; Annual Public Water System Compliance...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9901-14-OECA] Proposed Information Collection Request; Comment Request; Annual Public Water System Compliance Report AGENCY...planning to submit an information collection request (ICR), ``Annual Public Water System Compliance...

2013-09-18

492

76 FR 5157 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection(s...for Extension Under Delegated Authority, Comments Requested January...burden invites the general public and other Federal agencies...retain benefits. Statutory authority for this information...

2011-01-28

493

76 FR 5158 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection(s...for Extension Under Delegated Authority, Comments Requested January...burden invites the general public and other Federal agencies...retain benefits. Statutory authority for this information...

2011-01-28

494

76 FR 13183 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection(s...for Extension Under Delegated Authority, Comments Requested February...burden invites the general public and other Federal agencies...retain benefits. Statutory authority for this information...

2011-03-10

495

7 CFR 1216.88 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product...Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS...PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Peanut...

2010-01-01

496

7 CFR 1218.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product...Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS...PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Blueberry...

2010-01-01

497

7 CFR 1221.123 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product...Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS...PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Sorghum...

2010-01-01

498

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel  

SciTech Connect

This circular has been prepared to provide information on the shipment of irradiated reactor fuel (spent fuel) subject to regulation by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). It provides a brief description of spent fuel shipment safety and safeguards requirements of general interest, a summary of data for 1979--1989 highway and railway shipments, and a listing, by State, of recent highway and railway shipment routes. The enclosed route information reflects specific NRC approvals that have been granted in response to requests for shipments of spent fuel. This publication does not constitute authority for carriers or other persons to use the routes described to ship spent fuel, other categories of nuclear waste, or other materials. 11 figs., 3 tabs.

Not Available

1991-01-01

499

Health information systems: the foundations of public health.  

PubMed Central

Public health decision-making is critically dependent on the timely availability of sound data. The role of health information systems is to generate, analyse and disseminate such data. In practice, health information systems rarely function systematically. The products of historical, social and economic forces, they are complex, fragmented and unresponsive to needs. International donors in health are largely responsible for the problem, having prioritized urgent needs for data over longer-term country capacity-building. The result is painfully apparent in the inability of most countries to generate the data needed to monitor progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. Solutions to the problem must be comprehensive; money alone is likely to be insufficient unless accompanied by sustained support to country systems development coupled with greater donor accountability and allocation of responsibilities. The Health Metrics Network, a global collaboration in the making, is intended to help bring such solutions to the countries most in need. PMID:16184276

AbouZahr, Carla; Boerma, Ties

2005-01-01

500

Online Learning Communities: Enhancing the Acquisition of Information Skills by Undergraduate Students of the University of Puerto Rico at Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the efforts that have been made to develop the information skills of undergraduate students, there are still limitations that one shot sessions of face-to-face library instruction or online tutorials present when they are the only options used to develop specific information skills in students. The purpose of this study was to investigate…

Dominguez Flores, Noraida

2010-01-01