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1

The Telehealth Divide: Disparities in Searching Public Health Information Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores e?government inequalities to searching Medicare and Medi? caid information online. Telehealth, a branch of e?government, can bring public health service and insurance information to the citizen. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services website, among others, has critical information for potential beneficiaries and recipients of services. Using Pew survey data and multivariate regression analysis we find people

Mary. Schmeida; Ramona S. McNeal

2007-01-01

2

76 FR 7874 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Online Innovation Submission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for Public Comment on the Online Innovation Submission Form for the Innovation...the information and proposed use: The Online Innovation Submission Form is necessary...Innovation of the Day'' is a new online submission and display platform...

2011-02-11

3

Incidence of Online Health Information Search: A Useful Proxy for Public Health Risk Perception  

PubMed Central

Background Internet users use search engines to look for information online, including health information. Researchers in medical informatics have found a high correlation of the occurrence of certain search queries and the incidence of certain diseases. Consumers’ search for information about diseases is related to current health status with regard to a disease and to the social environments that shape the public’s attitudes and behaviors. Objective This study aimed to investigate the extent to which public health risk perception as demonstrated by online information searches related to a health risk can be explained by the incidence of the health risk and social components of a specific population’s environment. Using an ecological perspective, we suggest that a population’s general concern for a health risk is formed by the incidence of the risk and social (eg, media attention) factors related with the risk. Methods We constructed a dataset that included state-level data from 32 states on the incidence of the flu; a number of social factors, such as media attention to the flu; private resources, such as education and health insurance coverage; public resources, such as hospital beds and primary physicians; and utilization of these resources, including inpatient days and outpatient visits. We then explored whether online information searches about the flu (seasonal and pandemic flu) can be predicted using these variables. We used factor analysis to construct indexes for sets of social factors (private resources, public resources). We then applied panel data multiple regression analysis to exploit both time-series and cross-sectional variation in the data over a 7-year period. Results Overall, the results provide evidence that the main effects of independent variables—the incidence of the flu (P<.001); social factors, including media attention (P<.001); private resources, including life quality (P<.001) and health lifestyles (P=.009); and public resources, such as hospital care utilization (P=.008) and public health funds (P=.02)—have significant effects on Web searches for queries related to the flu. After controlling for the number of reported disease cases and Internet access rate by state, we estimate the contribution of social factors to the public health risk perception levels by state (R2=23.37%). The interaction effects between flu incidence and social factors for our search terms did not add to the explanatory power of our regression models (R2<1%). Conclusions Our study suggests a practical way to measure the public’s health risk perception for certain diseases using online information search volume by state. The social environment influences public risk perception regardless of disease incidence. Thus, monitoring the social variables can be very helpful in being ready to respond to the public’s behavior in dealing with public health threats.

Scammon, Debra L

2013-01-01

4

CDC WONDER: a comprehensive on-line public health information system of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES. CDC WONDER, a comprehensive on-line public health information system of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), was developed to place timely, action-oriented information in the hands of public health professionals. METHODS. A unified system was developed de novo to be used for and to evolve along with public health. All data are stored and updated on the CDC mainframe. RESULTS. CDC WONDER provides menu-driven access to 24 databases with information on mortality, hospital discharges, cancer incidence, notifiable diseases, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, etc.; each database has on-line documentation. Results can be tabulated and graphed, and there is full-text searching of textual databases. Non-CDC staff have access via telephone connection. From August 1991 through June 1992, system databases were accessed 10,698 times, and there were 842 users (mean of 97 new users per month). CONCLUSIONS. CDC WONDER has shown that it is possible to build a large, on-line database of scientific data for public health professionals. CDC WONDER provides a common foundation from which to build information-based public health plans and policy and could help strengthen the public health system.

Friede, A; Reid, J A; Ory, H W

1993-01-01

5

Improving Digital Skills for the Use of Online Public Information and Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are recent indications regarding the use of online public services that force the government to focus on the more refined conceptualizations digital divide research has produced. This paper addresses one of the factors that appears to be important in several conceptualizations of how to approach the digital divide; the differential…

van Deursen, A. J. A. M.; van Dijk, J. A. G. M.

2009-01-01

6

Information Resources on Online Public Access Catalogs. A Selected ERIC Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixteen articles, books, and reports published between 1978 and 1983 and cited in "Resources in Education" and "Current Index to Journals in Education" are listed in this bibliography on online public access catalogs (OPACs). Emphasis is on the movement toward computer-based alternatives to library card catalogs and user studies. Topics include…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources, Syracuse, NY.

7

Improving digital skills for the use of online public information and services  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are recent indications regarding the use of online public services that force the government to focus on the more refined conceptualizations digital divide research has produced. This paper addresses one of the factors that appears to be important in several conceptualizations of how to approach the digital divide; the differential possession of so-called digital skills. The problem of being

2009-01-01

8

TOXLINE (TOXICOLOGY INFORMATION ONLINE)  

EPA Science Inventory

TOXLINE? (TOXicology information onLINE) are the National Library of Medicines extensive collection of online bibliographic information covering the pharmacological, biochemical, physiological, and toxicological effects of drugs and other chemicals. TOXLINE and TOXLINE65 together...

9

Online medical information services.  

PubMed

The author provides a comprehensive overview of online medical information services that can be accessed by personal computer users over telephone lines. The article encompasses the reasons for online database access, equipment considerations, and structure and sources of database information. Tips on search strategy and resources for increasing database search proficiency are also included. PMID:3906725

Bickers, R G

1985-09-01

10

Major Infection Events Over 5 Years: How Is Media Coverage Influencing Online Information Needs of Health Care Professionals and the Public?  

PubMed Central

Background The last decade witnessed turbulent events in public health. Emerging infections, increase of antimicrobial resistance, deliberately released threats and ongoing battles with common illnesses were amplified by the spread of disease through increased international travel. The Internet has dramatically changed the availability of information about outbreaks; however, little research has been done in comparing the online behavior of public and professionals around the same events and the effect of media coverage of outbreaks on information needs. Objective To investigate professional and public online information needs around major infection outbreaks and correlate these with media coverage. Questions include (1) How do health care professionals’ online needs for public health and infection control information differ from those of the public?, (2) Does dramatic media coverage of outbreaks contribute to the information needs among the public?, and (3) How do incidents of diseases and major policy events relate to the information needs of professionals? Methods We used three longitudinal time-based datasets from mid-2006 until end of 2010: (1) a unique record of professional online behavior on UK infection portals: National electronic Library of Infection and National Resource of Infection Control (NeLI/NRIC), (2) equivalent public online information needs (Google Trends), and (3) relevant media coverage (LexisNexis). Analysis of NeLI/NRIC logs identified the highest interest around six major infectious diseases: Clostridium difficile (C difficile)/Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), tuberculosis, meningitis, norovirus, and influenza. After pre-processing, the datasets were analyzed and triangulated with each other. Results Public information needs were more static, following the actual disease occurrence less than those of professionals, whose needs increase with public health events (eg, MRSA/C difficile) and the release of major national policies or important documents. Media coverage of events resulted in major public interest (eg, the 2007/2008 UK outbreak of C difficile/MRSA). An exception was norovirus, showing a seasonal pattern for both public and professionals, which matched the periodic disease occurrence. Meningitis was a clear example of a disease with heightened media coverage tending to focus on individual and celebrity cases. Influenza was a major concern during the 2009 H1N1 outbreak creating massive public interest in line with the spring and autumn peaks in cases; although in autumn 2009, there was no corresponding increase in media coverage. Online resources play an increasing role in fulfilling professionals’ and public information needs. Conclusions Significant factors related to a surge of professional interest around a disease were typically key publications and major policy changes. Public interests seem more static and correlate with media influence but to a lesser extent than expected. The only exception was norovirus, exhibiting online public and professional interest correlating with seasonal occurrences of the disease. Public health agencies with responsibility for risk communication of public health events, in particular during outbreaks and emergencies, need to collaborate with media in order to ensure the coverage is high quality and evidence-based, while professionals’ information needs remain mainly fulfilled by online open access to key resources.

Fowler, David; Wiseman, Sue; Weinberg, Julius R

2013-01-01

11

Online Information Retrieval Bibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first update of the bibliography on online information retrieval that was published as a supplement to Vol. 1 of this journal. Entries are divided into seven sections; within each section, they are listed alphabetically by author. Permuted titled (KWIC) and author indexes are included. (Author/JPF)

Hawkins, Donald T.

1978-01-01

12

Evaluating Online Sources of Health Information  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... is information reviewed before it gets posted? Most health information publications have someone with medical or research credentials (e.g., someone who has earned an MD, DO, or PhD) review the information before it gets ... Online health information sources should show you when the information ...

13

Pricing and Marketing Online Information Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the pricing of online information in the broader context of marketing. Highlights include changes in the marketing context and issues of value relating to price; other reviews of online pricing; trends affecting price, including public sector involvement and the Internet; promotional pricing; price discrimination; and price aggregation…

Webber, Sheila Anne Elizabeth

1998-01-01

14

Plant Information Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Produced by the University of Minnesota Libraries, Plant Information Online is intended for just about anyone with a green thumb, or those who want to get their thumbs a bit greener. Visitors to this fine database will find details on over 134,000 wild and cultivated plants, along with information on over 2200 North American retail and wholesale seed and nursery firms. From the homepage, visitors can search the plant database by scientific or common name, and they can also take a look at the search tips for a bit more guidance. Additionally, the site also contains links to selected websites that feature both images and more detailed regional data on thousands of plants. After locating plants of interest, some visitors may wish to browse through the nursery database for tips on locating the closest place for geraniums, hydrangeas, and other such forms of vegetation.

2007-01-01

15

Searching for Information in an Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC): The Impacts of Information Search Expertise on the use of Boolean Operators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Boolean systems still constitute most of the installed base of online public access catalogues (OPACs) in the French universities even if many studies have shown that Boolean operators are not frequently used by non-librarian users (by contrast with professional librarians). The first study examined the use of Boolean operators by French…

Dinet, Jrme; Favart, Monik; Passerault, Jean-Michel

2004-01-01

16

Adapting online learning for Canada's Northern public health workforce  

PubMed Central

Background Canada's North is a diverse, sparsely populated land, where inequalities and public health issues are evident, particularly for Aboriginal people. The Northern public health workforce is a unique mix of professional and paraprofessional workers. Few have formal public health education. From 2009 to 2012, the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) collaborated with a Northern Advisory Group to develop and implement a strategy to strengthen public health capacity in Canada's 3 northern territories. Access to relevant, effective continuing education was identified as a key issue. Challenges include diverse educational and cultural backgrounds of public health workers, geographical isolation and variable technological infrastructure across the north. Methods PHAC's Skills Online program offers Internet-based continuing education modules for public health professionals. In partnership with the Northern Advisory Group, PHAC conducted 3 pilots between 2008 and 2012 to assess the appropriateness of the Skills Online program for Northern/Aboriginal public health workers. Module content and delivery modalities were adapted for the pilots. Adaptations included adding Inuit and Northern public health examples and using video and teleconference discussions to augment the online self-study component. Results Findings from the pilots were informative and similar to those from previous Skills Online pilots with learners in developing countries. Online learning is effective in bridging the geographical barriers in remote locations. Incorporating content on Northern and Aboriginal health issues facilitates engagement in learning. Employer support facilitates the recruitment and retention of learners in an online program. Facilitator assets included experience as a public health professional from the north, and flexibility to use modified approaches to support and measure knowledge acquisition and application, especially for First Nations, Inuit and Metis learners. Conclusions Results demonstrate that appropriate adaptations to online professional development can provide practical, accessible means for a wide range of Northern/Aboriginal public health workers to acquire core competencies for public health.

Bell, Marnie; MacDougall, Karen

2013-01-01

17

An Online Information Skills Tutorial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looking for new way to teach high school students how to use the library and library resources? The HeLIOS (Hemingway Library Information Online Skills) tutorial, an online tool designed specifically for high school students, may be the answer. For the past two years, students at home, in classrooms, and at libraries throughout Utah have used…

Christensen, Joanne; Morgan, Fawn; Kinikin, Janae

2013-01-01

18

Personalized online information search and visualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The rapid growth of online publications such as the Medline and other sources raises the questions how to get the relevant information efficiently. It is important, for a bench scientist, e.g., to monitor related publications constantly. It is also important, for a clinician, e.g., to access the patient records anywhere and anytime. Although time-consuming, this kind of searching procedure

Dongquan Chen; Helmuth F Orthner; Susan M Sell

2005-01-01

19

Merck Manuals Information Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

Merck Manuals Online Medical Library Home Edition for Patients and Caregivers is produced by Merck & Co., Inc., a global pharmaceutical company that believes in putting patients first. This Web site covers a wide range of topics divided into 25 sections, including drugs, digestive disorders, and mental health disorders. Other resources include anatomical drawings and 3-D models, pronunciations, weights and

Shelley M. White

2009-01-01

20

Information Evaluation and Online Coursework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2007 the author has been teaching a hybrid Information Literacy course at Lakeview High School in Battle Creek, Michigan. It combines an online information literacy focus with real-world library work experience in her media center. This blended course has just been revised so that high school graduates will be able to fulfill Michigan's…

Lincoln, Margaret

2010-01-01

21

Announcements: New Editorial Board Members and Earlier Publication: ONLINE FIRST™!!  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following announcement of an Associate Editor, new editorial board members and their prestigious credentials is only pre-empted by our new procedures for earlier publication. Now as papers are accepted and final version approved by the Journal of Science Education and Technology, they are available on-line, at the Journal's website where date of issue or publication (DOI) is the date they appear on-line. Later they are numbered and placed in print issues of the Journal. Other important information about reprints and hard copies appears at the end of the announcements.

Cohen, Karen C.

2007-04-01

22

Personalized online information search and visualization  

PubMed Central

Background The rapid growth of online publications such as the Medline and other sources raises the questions how to get the relevant information efficiently. It is important, for a bench scientist, e.g., to monitor related publications constantly. It is also important, for a clinician, e.g., to access the patient records anywhere and anytime. Although time-consuming, this kind of searching procedure is usually similar and simple. Likely, it involves a search engine and a visualization interface. Different words or combination reflects different research topics. The objective of this study is to automate this tedious procedure by recording those words/terms in a database and online sources, and use the information for an automated search and retrieval. The retrieved information will be available anytime and anywhere through a secure web server. Results We developed such a database that stored searching terms, journals and et al., and implement a piece of software for searching the medical subject heading-indexed sources such as the Medline and other online sources automatically. The returned information were stored locally, as is, on a server and visible through a Web-based interface. The search was performed daily or otherwise scheduled and the users logon to the website anytime without typing any words. The system has potentials to retrieve similarly from non-medical subject heading-indexed literature or a privileged information source such as a clinical information system. The issues such as security, presentation and visualization of the retrieved information were thus addressed. One of the presentation issues such as wireless access was also experimented. A user survey showed that the personalized online searches saved time and increased and relevancy. Handheld devices could also be used to access the stored information but less satisfactory. Conclusion The Web-searching software or similar system has potential to be an efficient tool for both bench scientists and clinicians for their daily information needs.

Chen, Dongquan; Orthner, Helmuth F; Sell, Susan M

2005-01-01

23

Public Online Charter School Students: Choices, Perceptions, and Traits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been a steady growth of the K-12 student population taking courses online. This study examined reasons for students to choose a public online charter school program and their perceptions of online discussion. A survey was sent to 1,500 students newly enrolled in a statewide public online charter school program. From those who responded,…

Kim, Paul; Kim, Flora Hisook; Karimi, Arafeh

2012-01-01

24

Online patient information.  

PubMed

Information appropriate for patients with skin diseases is readily available on the Internet. Patients primarily seek disease-related information, but may also search for a dermatologist, shop for skin care products, or look to a consumer organization for support. Authoritative educational material is supplied by academic dermatologic associations and institutions and distributed by independent websites, large health portals, and search directories. Interactive opportunities include bulletin boards, ask-an-expert forums, and live chat. Although it is easy to find excellent dermatological information, the Internet is dynamic and unmoderated and patients can be misled or exploited by inaccurate or fraudulent websites. Health on the Net and other organizations have developed ethical principles to aid consumers in evaluating the quality of health-related information. PMID:12322996

Oakley, Amanda

2002-09-01

25

Massive Open Online Courses in Public Health  

PubMed Central

Massive open online courses (MOOCs) represent a new and potentially transformative model for providing educational opportunities to learners not enrolled in a formal educational program. The authors describe the experience of developing and offering eight MOOCs on a variety of public health topics. Existing institutional infrastructure and experience with both for-credit online education and open educational resources mitigated the institutional risk and resource requirements. Although learners are able to enroll easily and freely and do so in large numbers, there is considerable variety in the level of participation and engagement among enrollees. As a result, comprehensive and accurate assessment of meaningful learning progress remains a major challenge for evaluating the effectiveness of MOOCs for providing public health education.

Gooding, Ira; Klaas, Brian; Yager, James D.; Kanchanaraksa, Sukon

2013-01-01

26

The Quadrivium of Online Public Consultation: Policy, Culture, Resources, Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concerned by declining interest, trust, and participation by citizens in democratic politics, governments and political institutions worldwide are turning to the internet in attempts to revitalise democracy through online public consultation and citizen participation, referred to as e-democracy or ‘government 2.0’. This paper reports research into the planning and conduct of a series of online public consultation trials launched by

Jim Macnamara

2010-01-01

27

Online Health Information: Can You Trust It?  

MedlinePLUS

... thinking about. How do I find reliable health information online? As a rule, health websites sponsored by ... remember to talk with your doctor. For More information Here are some helpful Federal and non-Federal ...

28

Acquisition of Language Information from Online Databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report describes the methods to acquire language information from online databases, which are usually employed to retrieve technical information. Typical uses are shown to obtain equivalent foreign words, language usages, illustrative sentences and statistical linguistic data, by use of JOIS, DIALOG, SDC and BRS online information systems. In comparison with dictionaries and usage books, the online databases provide a vast file of language information, which is unabridged, continually updated and accessible through any words or their combinations. In addition, they give quantitative data such as frequencies in use of words and expressions.

Sano, Hikomaro

29

The changing information environment for nanotechnology: online audiences and content  

PubMed Central

The shift toward online communication in all realms, from print newspapers to broadcast television, has implications for how the general public consumes information about nanotechnology. The goal of this study is threefold: to investigate who is using online sources for information and news about science and nanotechnology, to examine what the general public is searching for online with regards to nanotechnology, and to analyze what they find in online content of nanotechnology. Using survey data, we find those who report the Internet as their primary source of science and technology news are diverse in age, more knowledgeable about science and nanotechnology, highly educated, male, and more diverse racially than users of other media. In a comparison of demographic data on actual visits by online users to general news and science Web sites, science sites attracted more male, non-white users from the Western region of the United States than news sites did. News sites, on the other hand, attracted those with a slightly higher level of education. Our analysis of published estimates of keyword searches on nanotechnology reveals people are turning to the Internet to search for keyword searches related to the future, health, and applications of nanotechnology. A content analysis of online content reveals health content dominates overall. Comparisons of content in different types of sites—blogs, government, and general sites—are conducted. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11051-010-9860-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Brossard, Dominique; Scheufele, Dietram A.

2010-01-01

30

An Online Postgraduate Subject in Information Technology for University Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an evaluation of one postgraduate subject (Information Technology for Teaching and Learning at the University of New South Wales), which is taught entirely online and uses public-domain browsers, e-mail and file transfer, and is integrated with software developed by the authors, WebTeach (c) to facilitate teacher/learner and…

Hewson, Lindsay; Hughes, Chris

1999-01-01

31

Public Information Handbook  

NSF Publications Database

FOIA requests are logged in and tracked by the NSF FOIA Officer, who coordinates the search for records, review and response with appropriate program office(s). You can find NSF?s organizational directory listed on our Home Page on the Internet at http://www.nsf.gov ; or contact the Information Desk at (703) 306-1234 or email at firstop@nsf.gov; to determine the correct office title. (3) Awards System - contains publicly available information about awards officially granted by NSF (NOTE: ...

32

VIOLIN: vaccine investigation and online information network  

PubMed Central

Vaccines are among the most efficacious and cost-effective tools for reducing morbidity and mortality caused by infectious diseases. The vaccine investigation and online information network (VIOLIN) is a web-based central resource, allowing easy curation, comparison and analysis of vaccine-related research data across various human pathogens (e.g. Haemophilus influenzae, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Plasmodium falciparum) of medical importance and across humans, other natural hosts and laboratory animals. Vaccine-related peer-reviewed literature data have been downloaded into the database from PubMed and are searchable through various literature search programs. Vaccine data are also annotated, edited and submitted to the database through a web-based interactive system that integrates efficient computational literature mining and accurate manual curation. Curated information includes general microbial pathogenesis and host protective immunity, vaccine preparation and characteristics, stimulated host responses after vaccination and protection efficacy after challenge. Vaccine-related pathogen and host genes are also annotated and available for searching through customized BLAST programs. All VIOLIN data are available for download in an eXtensible Markup Language (XML)-based data exchange format. VIOLIN is expected to become a centralized source of vaccine information and to provide investigators in basic and clinical sciences with curated data and bioinformatics tools for vaccine research and development. VIOLIN is publicly available at http://www.violinet.org

Xiang, Zuoshuang; Todd, Thomas; Ku, Kim P.; Kovacic, Bethany L.; Larson, Charles B.; Chen, Fang; Hodges, Andrew P.; Tian, Yuying; Olenzek, Elizabeth A.; Zhao, Boyang; Colby, Lesley A.; Rush, Howard G.; Gilsdorf, Janet R.; Jourdian, George W.; He, Yongqun

2008-01-01

33

Mobile agent based online integration modeling for traffic information services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the rapid development of urban economy and urbanization construction in China, traffic load rises sharply because of the larger vehicle occupancy within many urban areas, which has already led to serious traffic congestion problem. GIS-T is an efficient technological solution and core information infrastructure for solving modern urban transportation problems. High-level traffic systems must integrate real-time traffic information and spatial data of road to supply timely and efficient public services and guarantee a better orderly transportation. However, for traffic information is multisource, complex and massive, traffic information service must have fast, powerful capabilities for online integration processing. Online integration of traffic information emphasizes the traffic resources share and services optimization, and solve assignment, scheduling, monitoring and feedback of integration computing tasks in dynamic and distributed network. This paper firstly analyzes traffic data and existing problems of online integration, and then discusses mobile agent technology, and finally proposes a mobile agent based unified online integration model of traffic information. This model will achieve cooperative computing and more accessible, flexible and reliable traffic information services.

Li, Qingquan; Gao, Dequan; Fang, Zhixiang; Li, Lianying

2007-08-01

34

Towards secure information systems in online banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this era of globalization, information security is becoming more important because the world is becoming highly interconnected with the Internet. At present customers can do banking online which is easy and time saving and at the same time they are vulnerable to threats. This paper seeks to investigate the current debate regarding the threats and vulnerabilities of the information

Zakaria Karim; Karim Mohammed Rezaul; Aliar Hossain

2009-01-01

35

Government Publications in an Online Catalog: A Feasibility Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation of utilization of machine-readable bibliographic records for government publications in online public access catalogs consists of a literature search, identification of applications of Government Printing Office (GPO) MARC tapes by bibliographic services and libraries, sampling GPO MARC test tape and profiling depository…

Bowerman, Roseann; Cady, Susan A.

1984-01-01

36

Local Studies Collections Online: An Investigation in Irish Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to investigate how public libraries in Ireland are using their websites to present local studies collections online. Design/methodology/approach: All the websites of public libraries in Ireland were evaluated against a checklist of 50 criteria by one of the authors. An analytic description was provided of the four…

Barry, Lara; Tedd, Lucy A.

2008-01-01

37

Online Learning in Public Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the advancement of technology over the years, there has been a vast expansion in the use of distance learning for employment training purposes. One of the main benefits of online versus traditional training is that it gives instructors the opportunity to teach pupils who, because of traveling distance and transport limitations or other access…

Stamatikos, Alexis; Ratnapradifa, Dhitinut

2011-01-01

38

Sports Information Online: Searching the SPORT Database and Tips for Finding Sports Medicine Information Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first article describes SPORT, a database providing international coverage of athletics and physical education, and compares it to other online services in terms of coverage, thesauri, possible search strategies, and actual usage. The second article reviews available online information on sports medicine. (CLB)

Janke, Richard V.; And Others

1988-01-01

39

THE COATINGS GUIDE: AN ONLINE INFORMATION RESOURCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses the Coatings Guide, a free online information training resource that focuses on alternative low-emission coatings for metal and plastic substrates. Developed cooperatively by the U.S. EPA's Office of Research and Development and Research Triangle Institute, it...

40

Are Norms of Disclosure of Online and Offline Personal Information Associated with the Disclosure of Personal Information Online?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether norms of self-disclosure of one's online and offline identity are linked to online disclosure of personal and intimate information. We expected online disclosure of personal and intimate information to be associated with norms of online disclosure. Secondary analysis of the 2006 Pew and American Life Survey of…

Mesch, Gustavo S.; Beker, Guy

2010-01-01

41

Healthcare decision-tools a growing Web trend: three-pronged public relations campaign heightens presence, recognition for online healthcare information provider.  

PubMed

Schwartz Communications, LLC, executes a successful PR campaign to position Subimo, a provider of online healthcare decision tools, as a leader in the industry that touts names such as WebMD.com and HealthGrades.com. Through a three-pronged media relations strategy, Schwartz and Subimo together branded the company as an industry thought-leader. PMID:16509388

2006-01-01

42

Public information plan. Version 2  

SciTech Connect

The Public Information Plan is intended to be used in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Public Participation Plan. The Public Participation Pion describes the DOE procedure for involving the public in the decision-making process related to the UMTRA Project during the stages at which public participation is required and solicited. This Public Information Plan describes the department`s procedure for communicating with the public about project policies, plans, and activities. Together, these complementary plans describe the DOE public affairs program for the UMTRA Project. This project was authorized by Congress in the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978, (Public Law (PL) 95-6041), as amended. The Act provides for a cooperative effort with affected states and Indian tribes for the cleanup of designated abandoned or inactive uranium mill tailings sites, which are located in 10 states, 9 of them west of the Mississippi River. The public has a right to know about proposed government actions and to be heard in the planning of activities that influence their lives. The UMTRA Project is unclassified and the DOE provides accurate information about policy and project activities to interested stakeholders, including the news media, in a timely way. The DOE encourages states and local governments, as well as individuals, to join actively in the decision-making process. This is intended to ensure that the resulting decisions are made with full knowledge of the public`s views and that these decisions address the public`s concerns to the extent possible within the law. The DOE, through the implementation of the Public Information Plan, keeps the public informed on matters such as health concerns, environmental issues, remedial action construction plans, project costs, and specific site activities.

NONE

1993-09-22

43

Teaching Public Finance Administration Online: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study of an online masters course in public finance administration, conducted primarily through texts and electronic bulletin boards with no face-to-face contact, found advantages (time and space independence) and disadvantages (lack of interaction with instructors) for both faculty and students. Although student grades equaled those in…

Ebdon, Carol

1999-01-01

44

Seeking health information online: does Wikipedia matter?  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE To determine the significance of the English Wikipedia as a source of online health information. DESIGN The authors measured Wikipedia's ranking on general Internet search engines by entering keywords from MedlinePlus, NHS Direct Online, and the National Organization of Rare Diseases as queries into search engine optimization software. We assessed whether article quality influenced this ranking. The authors tested whether traffic to Wikipedia coincided with epidemiological trends and news of emerging health concerns, and how it compares to MedlinePlus. MEASUREMENTS Cumulative incidence and average position of Wikipedia compared to other Web sites among the first 20 results on general Internet search engines (Google, Google UK, Yahoo, and MSN, and page view statistics for selected Wikipedia articles and MedlinePlus pages. RESULTS Wikipedia ranked among the first ten results in 71-85% of search engines and keywords tested. Wikipedia surpassed MedlinePlus and NHS Direct Online (except for queries from the latter on Google UK), and ranked higher with quality articles. Wikipedia ranked highest for rare diseases, although its incidence in several categories decreased. Page views increased parallel to the occurrence of 20 seasonal disorders and news of three emerging health concerns. Wikipedia articles were viewed more often than MedlinePlus Topic (p = 0.001) but for MedlinePlus Encyclopedia pages, the trend was not significant (p = 0.07-0.10). CONCLUSIONS Based on its search engine ranking and page view statistics, the English Wikipedia is a prominent source of online health information compared to the other online health information providers studied. PMID:19390105

Laurent, Michaël R; Vickers, Tim J

2009-01-01

45

Seeking Health Information Online: Does Wikipedia Matter?  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the significance of the English Wikipedia as a source of online health information. Design The authors measured Wikipedia's ranking on general Internet search engines by entering keywords from MedlinePlus, NHS Direct Online, and the National Organization of Rare Diseases as queries into search engine optimization software. We assessed whether article quality influenced this ranking. The authors tested whether traffic to Wikipedia coincided with epidemiological trends and news of emerging health concerns, and how it compares to MedlinePlus. Measurements Cumulative incidence and average position of Wikipedia® compared to other Web sites among the first 20 results on general Internet search engines (Google®, Google UK®, Yahoo®, and MSN®), and page view statistics for selected Wikipedia articles and MedlinePlus pages. Results Wikipedia ranked among the first ten results in 71–85% of search engines and keywords tested. Wikipedia surpassed MedlinePlus and NHS Direct Online (except for queries from the latter on Google UK), and ranked higher with quality articles. Wikipedia ranked highest for rare diseases, although its incidence in several categories decreased. Page views increased parallel to the occurrence of 20 seasonal disorders and news of three emerging health concerns. Wikipedia articles were viewed more often than MedlinePlus Topic (p = 0.001) but for MedlinePlus Encyclopedia pages, the trend was not significant (p = 0.07–0.10). Conclusions Based on its search engine ranking and page view statistics, the English Wikipedia is a prominent source of online health information compared to the other online health information providers studied.

Laurent, Michael R.; Vickers, Tim J.

2009-01-01

46

Optimizing online social networks for information propagation.  

PubMed

Online users nowadays are facing serious information overload problem. In recent years, recommender systems have been widely studied to help people find relevant information. Adaptive social recommendation is one of these systems in which the connections in the online social networks are optimized for the information propagation so that users can receive interesting news or stories from their leaders. Validation of such adaptive social recommendation methods in the literature assumes uniform distribution of users' activity frequency. In this paper, our empirical analysis shows that the distribution of online users' activity is actually heterogenous. Accordingly, we propose a more realistic multi-agent model in which users' activity frequency are drawn from a power-law distribution. We find that previous social recommendation methods lead to serious delay of information propagation since many users are connected to inactive leaders. To solve this problem, we design a new similarity measure which takes into account users' activity frequencies. With this similarity measure, the average delay is significantly shortened and the recommendation accuracy is largely improved. PMID:24816894

Chen, Duan-Bing; Wang, Guan-Nan; Zeng, An; Fu, Yan; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

2014-01-01

47

Optimizing Online Social Networks for Information Propagation  

PubMed Central

Online users nowadays are facing serious information overload problem. In recent years, recommender systems have been widely studied to help people find relevant information. Adaptive social recommendation is one of these systems in which the connections in the online social networks are optimized for the information propagation so that users can receive interesting news or stories from their leaders. Validation of such adaptive social recommendation methods in the literature assumes uniform distribution of users' activity frequency. In this paper, our empirical analysis shows that the distribution of online users' activity is actually heterogenous. Accordingly, we propose a more realistic multi-agent model in which users' activity frequency are drawn from a power-law distribution. We find that previous social recommendation methods lead to serious delay of information propagation since many users are connected to inactive leaders. To solve this problem, we design a new similarity measure which takes into account users' activity frequencies. With this similarity measure, the average delay is significantly shortened and the recommendation accuracy is largely improved.

Chen, Duan-Bing; Wang, Guan-Nan; Zeng, An; Fu, Yan; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

2014-01-01

48

Students' Self-Regulated Learning, Online Information Evaluative Standards and Online Academic Searching Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online information searching strategies (OISS) used by students can be viewed as a key indicator in online learning environments. Therefore, developments in their OISS may also involve variables such as self-regulated learning (SRL) and online information evaluative standards (OIES). Three instruments, an OISS, a SRL and an OIES were used to…

Tseng, Sheng-Chau; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-01-01

49

On-Line Technology Information System (OTIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

13 slides\\u000aDocument Provider Notes: Seminar Title: Introduction to the ESM Guidelines Document and the On-Line Technology Information System; Date: 3\\/12\\/2003; Time: 10:30 AM; Location: Stewart Center Rm 202.\\u000aComments: This seminar will cover two areas of interest for the ALS NSCORT: the Equivalent System Mass Guidelines Document, which is newly drafted by members of the ALS Systems Integration, Modeling,

Julie A. Levri; Richard Boulanger; John A. Hogan; Luis Rodriguez

2003-01-01

50

Informed consent and public health.  

PubMed Central

During the past 25 years, medical ethics has concentrated largely on clinical medicine and the treatment of individual patients. This focus permits a view of medical provision as a (quasi-) consumer good, whose distribution can be or should be contingent on individual choice. The approach cannot be extended to public health provision. Public health provision, including measures for limiting the spread of infectious diseases, is a public good and can be provided for some only if provided for many. The provision or non-provision of public goods cannot be contingent on individual informed consent, so must be in some respects compulsory. An adequate ethics of public health needs to set aside debates about informed consent and to consider the permissible limits of just compulsion for various types of public good. It will therefore gain more from engaging with work in political philosophy than with individualistic work in ethics.

O'Neill, Onora

2004-01-01

51

Wikipedia as Public Scholarship: Communicating Our Impact Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To contribute to the forum asking "Has Communication Research Made a Difference?," this essay examines whether communication scholarship makes a difference (a) to those who search for information online, (b) in the sense that a primary way our research can make a difference is through its accessibility, and (c) by using the criteria of its…

Rush, Elizabeth K.; Tracy, Sarah J.

2010-01-01

52

Public policymaking and research information  

PubMed Central

The public policymaking process presents behavior analysts with opportunities to shape public policy and influence decisions that affect the evolution of communities. Although the scientist-advocate's role in public policymaking has received increased attention, little attention has been given to behavioral analyses of the policymaking context. This paper describes the stages of policymaking, including agenda formation, policy adoption, policy implementation, and policy review. It also analyzes seven types of research information important in agenda formation and policy adoption—information about the dimensions of an issue, number of people affected, relative standing of an issue, interests of those involved, controlling variables, program alternatives, and program acceptability. Methods for communicating research information to policymakers are discussed.

Seekins, Tom; Fawcett, Stephen B.

1986-01-01

53

Unavailability of online supplementary scientific information from articles published in major journals.  

PubMed

Printed articles increasingly rely on online supplements to store critical scientific information, but such data may eventually become unavailable. We checked the current availability of online supplementary scientific information published in six top-cited scientific journals (Science, Nature, Cell, New England Journal of Medicine, Lancet, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA). Here we show that in 4.7% and 9.6% of articles with online supplementary material, some of the supplements became unavailable within 2 and 5 years of their publication, respectively. PMID:16319137

Evangelou, Evangelos; Trikalinos, Thomas A; Ioannidis, John P A

2005-12-01

54

Correlates of Consumer Trust in Online Health Information: Findings From the Health Information National Trends Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past few decades have witnessed a dramatic increase in consumers seeking health information online. However, the quality of such information remains questionable, and the trustworthiness of online health information has become a hot topic, whereas little attention has been paid to how consumers evaluate online health information credibility. This study builds on theoretical perspectives of trust such as personal-capital-based,

Yinjiao Ye

2010-01-01

55

Extracting the information backbone in online system.  

PubMed

Information overload is a serious problem in modern society and many solutions such as recommender system have been proposed to filter out irrelevant information. In the literature, researchers have been mainly dedicated to improving the recommendation performance (accuracy and diversity) of the algorithms while they have overlooked the influence of topology of the online user-object bipartite networks. In this paper, we find that some information provided by the bipartite networks is not only redundant but also misleading. With such "less can be more" feature, we design some algorithms to improve the recommendation performance by eliminating some links from the original networks. Moreover, we propose a hybrid method combining the time-aware and topology-aware link removal algorithms to extract the backbone which contains the essential information for the recommender systems. From the practical point of view, our method can improve the performance and reduce the computational time of the recommendation system, thus improving both of their effectiveness and efficiency. PMID:23690946

Zhang, Qian-Ming; Zeng, An; Shang, Ming-Sheng

2013-01-01

56

Health Planning: Public Information Catalog.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Virtually every health planning agency has produced public information and education materials of one type or another. Most agencies, however, rarely find out about the work of other agencies. Since many of the subjects covered are of interest to a large ...

1981-01-01

57

Method and system for providing personalized online services and advertisements in public spaces  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A method and system for providing, personalized and integrated online services for communications and commercial transactions both in private and public venues. The invention provides personalized information that is conveniently accessible through a network of public access stations (or terminals) which are enabled by a personal system access card (e.g., smart card). The invention also provides advertisers the opportunity to directly engage action; and potential user-consumers with selected advertising or marketing content based on each user's profile and usage history.

2005-01-25

58

[National public health information system].  

PubMed

Information production and its communication being a key public health activity, developing modern information systems is a precondition for its fulfilling these assignments. A national public health information system (NPHIS) is a set of human resources combined with computing and communication technologies. It enables data linkage and data coverage as well as undertaking information production and dissemination in an effective, standardized and safe way. The Croatian Institute of Public Health LAN/WAN modules are under development. Health Safety System, Health Workers Registry, and Digital Library are among the Institute's developmental priorities. Communication between NPHIS participants would unfold over the Internet by using every relevant data protection method. Web technology-based applications would be run on special servers. Between individual applications, use would be made of the transaction module of communication through an exchange of the HL7 standard-based xml messages. In the conditions of transition, the health system must make an optimal use of the resources, which is not feasible without applying modern information and communication technologies. PMID:16095199

Erceg, Marijan; Stevanovi?, Ranko; Babi?-Erceg, Andrea

2005-01-01

59

Auditing Dynamic Links to Online Information Resources  

PubMed Central

The Columbia University Infobutton Manager (IM) is a system that provides dynamically generated, context-specific links between clinical information systems and online information resources. The resources range from local documents, to commercially available document sets and search engines. The links provided by the IM can be reliably created, but there is no guarantee that they will function reliably, since the resources to which they point are subject to unannounced changes and failures. We have developed a set of tools to audit the links periodically to determine if the resources are available and if the IM has sufficient information to generate all the links needed by its users. These tools have been in use since February, 2006 and have provided timely warnings on many occasions. These warnings have allowed us to correct problems with resource access before they became apparent to our users and often before the resource maintainers were aware of the problems. The tools have thus helped us provide clinicians with a dependable level of service.

Li, Jianhua; Cimino, James J.

2007-01-01

60

Information revelation and privacy in online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Participation in social networking sites has dramatically increased in recent years. Services such as Friendster, Tribe, or the Facebook allow millions of individuals to create online profiles and share personal information with vast networks of friends - and, often, unknown numbers of strangers. In this paper we study patterns of information revelation in online social networks and their privacy implications.

Ralph Gross; Alessandro Acquisti; H. John Heinz III

2005-01-01

61

Examining the Perceived Credibility of Online Opinions: Information Adoption in the Online Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The internet has revolutionized the way people and consumers share and acquire knowledge. Web-based technologies have created numerous opportunities for electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) communication and online interpersonal influence. This phenomenon impacts online retailers as this easily accessible information could greatly affect the online consumption decision. It is worthwhile to examine the extent to which opinion seekers are willing to accept

Neil Rabjohn; Christy M. K. Cheung; Matthew K. O. Lee

2008-01-01

62

Place in Perspective: Extracting Online Information about Points of Interest  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last few years, the amount of online descriptive information about places has reached reasonable dimensions for many cities in the world. Being such information mostly in Natural Language text, Information Extraction techniques are needed for obtaining the meaning of places that underlies these massive amounts of commonsense and user made sources. In this article, we show how we automatically label places using Information Extraction techniques applied to online resources such as Wikipedia, Yellow Pages and Yahoo!.

Alves, Ana O.; Pereira, Francisco C.; Rodrigues, Filipe; Oliveirinha, João

63

32 CFR 518.6 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Public information. 518.6 Section 518...THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION...PROGRAM General Provisions § 518.6 Public information. (a) Public...

2013-07-01

64

Affording to exchange: social capital and online information sharing.  

PubMed

The potential harm and benefit associated with sharing personal information online is a topic of debate and discussion. Using survey methods (n=872), we explore whether attainment of social capital online relates to greater comfort with sharing personal information. We found that perceptions of bridging and bonding social capital earned from using Facebook are significant predictors of overall comfort levels with sharing personal information. This research raises timely questions about how the perceived benefits of social networking sites influence how personal information is shared online. PMID:23600613

Maksl, Adam; Young, Rachel

2013-08-01

65

Anonymity Versus Privacy: Selective Information Sharing in Online Cancer Communities  

PubMed Central

Background Active sharing in online cancer communities benefits patients. However, many patients refrain from sharing health information online due to privacy concerns. Existing research on privacy emphasizes data security and confidentiality, largely focusing on electronic medical records. Patient preferences around information sharing in online communities remain poorly understood. Consistent with the privacy calculus perspective adopted from e-commerce research, we suggest that patients approach online information sharing instrumentally, weighing privacy costs against participation benefits when deciding whether to share certain information. Consequently, we argue that patients prefer sharing clinical information over daily life and identity information that potentially compromises anonymity. Furthermore, we explore whether patients’ prior experiences, age, health, and gender affect perceived privacy costs and thus willingness to share information. Objective The goal of the present study is to document patient preferences for sharing information within online health platforms. Methods A total of 115 cancer patients reported sharing intentions for 15 different types of information, demographics, health status, prior privacy experiences, expected community utility, and privacy concerns. Results Factor analysis on the 15 information types revealed 3 factors coinciding with 3 proposed information categories: clinical, daily life, and identity information. A within-subject ANOVA showed a strong preference for sharing clinical information compared to daily life and identity information (F 1,114=135.59, P=.001, ?2=.93). Also, adverse online privacy experiences, age, and health status negatively affected information-sharing intentions. Female patients shared information less willingly. Conclusions Respondents’ information-sharing intentions depend on dispositional and situational factors. Patients share medical details more willingly than daily life or identity information. The results suggest the need to focus on anonymity rather than privacy in online communities.

Vermeulen, Ivar E; Beekers, Nienke

2014-01-01

66

75 FR 15401 - Information Collection; Online Registration for FSA-sponsored Events and Conferences  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service Agency Information Collection; Online Registration for FSA-sponsored Events...information collection associated with online registration for FSA- sponsored events...Description of Information Collection Title: Online Registration for FSA-sponsored...

2010-03-29

67

Beyond the online catalog: developing an academic information system in the sciences.  

PubMed Central

The online public access catalog consists essentially of a machine-readable database with network capabilities. Like other computer-based information systems, it may be continuously enhanced by the addition of new capabilities and databases. It may also become a gateway to other information networks. This paper reports the evolution of the Bibliographic Access and Control System (BACS) of Washington University in end-user searching, current awareness services, information management, and administrative functions. Ongoing research and development and the future of the online catalog are also discussed.

Crawford, S; Halbrook, B; Kelly, E; Stucki, L

1987-01-01

68

Terminal Ailments Need Not Be Fatal: A Speculative Assessment of the Impact of Online Public Access Catalogs in Academic Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses several concerns about nature of online public access catalogs (OPAC) that have particular import to reference librarians: user passivity and loss of control growing out of "human-machine interface" and the larger social context; and the tendency of computerized bibliographic systems to obfuscate human origins of library information and…

Sandler, Mark

1985-01-01

69

Making Online Information Accessible to Students with Disabilities, Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the major HTML coding techniques used when making Web pages and online courses accessible to students with disabilities. Examples of accessibility features provided are not difficult for most Web authors to incorporate into their Web pages. With a few adaptations, Web page developers can make online information accessible to students…

Robertson, Janna Siegel; Harris, James Wallace

2003-01-01

70

Program-Integrated Information Literacy Instruction for Online Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic librarians often provide information literacy support for specific courses or topics in the form of research guides, one-shot training sessions, library orientations, or by embedding library content into online courses. Less frequently, they provide continuous program-level support on-campus or online. This paper highlights the value of…

Kumar, Swapna; Ochoa, Marilyn

2012-01-01

71

Public Information for Water Pollution Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is a handbook for water pollution control personnel to guide them towards a successful public relations program. This handbook was written to incorporate the latest methods of teaching basic public information techniques to the non-professional in this area. Contents include: (1) a rationale for a public information program; (2)…

Water Pollution Control Federation, Washington, DC.

72

29 CFR 7.15 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Public information. 7.15 Section 7.15 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PRACTICE...CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS Some General Procedural Matters § 7.15 Public information. (a) Subject to the...

2013-07-01

73

Aspects of Information Service Management. Proceedings of the Fall Meeting of the New England On-Line Users Group (Tufts University, November 3, 1978).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proceedings of this meeting on online service administration comprise the three papers presented: one written by Helen G. Drinan concerning costing and budgeting for online information services; one by Robert McDermand on marketing, publicizing, and other service aspects of online searching; and one by Donna R. Dolan pertaining to the training…

New England On-Line Users Group.

74

China's Chemical Information Online Service: ChI2Net.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Chemical Integrated Information Service Network (ChI2Net), a comprehensive online information service system which includes chemical, technical, economic, market, news, and management information based on computer and modern communication technology that was built by the China National Chemical Information Centre. (Author/LRW)

Naiyan, Yu; And Others

1997-01-01

75

The Marine Realms Information Bank Family of Digital Libraries: Access to Free Online Information for Coastal and Marine Science  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Searching the World Wide Web for reliable information about specific topics or locations can be frustrating: too many hits, too little relevance. A well-designed digital library, offering a carefully selected collection of online resources, is an attractive alternative to web search engines. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides three digital libraries for coastal and marine science to serve the needs of a diverse audience--scientists, public servants, educators, and the public.

Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.

2007-01-01

76

The Internet Public Library Online Literary Criticism Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The well-known Internet Public Library has added this new collection to its powerful information lineup. This literary metasite contains over 1,000 annotated metasites and articles devoted to literary criticism, biographical, and other information about 123 authors from Dante Alighieri to Arthur Miller to William Butler Yeats. The links to criticism information can be to sites or articles (some of which have access restrictions). Visitors can browse the site by author, title, or literary period (for British and American literature). In addition, both a literary criticism guide and a pathfinder are provided for those who wish to further explore web and print resources on the topic.

77

The Separate Spheres of Online Health: Gender, Parenting, and Online Health Information Searching in the Information Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this article is to explore how parental status, gender, and their interaction influence a variety of aspects of searching for online health information. Drawing on nationally representative survey data, the results show that in a number of ways parenting and gender have separate but significant influences on the following: online

Stern, Michael J.; Cotten, Shelia R.; Drentea, Patricia

2012-01-01

78

78 FR 16649 - Information Collection; Online Registration for FSA-sponsored Events and Conferences  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service Agency Information Collection; Online Registration for FSA-sponsored Events...information collection associated with online registration for FSA- sponsored events...http://regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting...

2013-03-18

79

Public School Districts Master the Online Learning Game  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online learning made its debut in higher education, but now it's changing the face of K-12 education. According to the marketing research firm Ambient Insight, roughly 1.75 million K-12 students in the United States are enrolled in at least one online course. Although much of the online learning growth in K-12 first occurred in virtual charter…

Horn, Michael

2010-01-01

80

Facilitating community information seeking using the Internet: Findings from three public library-community network systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report findings from a recent study of how public libraries are using on-line community networks to facilitate the public's information seeking and use in everyday situations. These networks have been lauded for their potential to strengthen physical communities through increasing information flow about local services and events, and through facilitating civic interaction. However, little is known about how the

Karen E. Pettigrew; Joan C. Durrance; Kenton T. Unruh

2002-01-01

81

A Comparison of Three Online Information Retrieval Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three firms which offer online information retrieval are compared. The firms are Lockheed Information Service, System Development Corporation and the Western Research Application Center. Comparison tables provide information such as hours accessible, coverage, file update, search elements and cost figures for 15 data bases. In addition, general…

Zais, Harriet W.

82

Using wikis as an online health information resource.  

PubMed

Wikis can be a powerful online resource for the provision and sharing of information, with the proviso that information found on them should be independently verified. This article defines wikis and sets them in context with recent developments on the internet. The article discusses the use of Wikipedia and other wikis as potential sources of health information for nurses. PMID:20527486

Younger, P

83

Online Communication and Information Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blended Learning, a learning facilitation that incorporates different modes of delivery, models of teaching, and learning styles, introduces multiple media to the dialog between the learner and the facilitator. This paper examines online communication as the link between established theory of learning and literature on e-learning in order to…

Heinze, Aleksej; Procter, Chris

2006-01-01

84

Attributes of Interactive Online Health Information Systems  

PubMed Central

The development of online communication systems related to prevention, decision making, and coping with cancer has outpaced theoretical attention to the attributes that appeal to system users and that create effective interactions. This essay reviews a number of sociotechnical attributes related to online discussion systems and tutorials, including interactivity, presence, homophily, social distance, anonymity/privacy, and interaction management. These attributes are derived from different theoretical perspectives which have led to clinical trials and other empirical studies demonstrating effectiveness or attraction to end users. The effects of a subset of these attributes are connected to learning, social influence, and coping, as illustrated in evaluations of an interactive smoking prevention site and a cancer advice/support discussion system.

Pingree, Suzanne; Hawkins, Robert P; Buller, David B

2005-01-01

85

Sexual Health Information Seeking Online Among Runaway and Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Research shows runaway and homeless youth are reluctant to seek help from traditional health providers. The Internet can be useful in engaging this population and meeting their needs for sexual health information, including information about HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Using a sample of homeless youth living in Los Angeles, California in June 2009, this study assesses the frequency with which runaway and homeless youth seek sexual health information via the Internet, and assesses which youth are more likely to engage in seeking health information from online sources. Drawing from Andersen’s (1968) health behavior model and Pescosolido’s (1992) network episode model, we develop and refine a model for seeking online sexual health information among homeless youth. Rather than testing the predicative strength of a given model, our aim is to identify and explore conceptually driven correlates that may shed light on the characteristics associated with these help seeking behaviors among homeless youth. Analyses using multivariate logistic regression models reveal that among the sample of youth, females and gay males most frequently seek sexual health information online. We demonstrate the structure of social network ties (e.g., connection with parents) and the content of interactions (e.g., e-mail forwards of health information) across ties are critical correlates of online sexual health information seeking. Results show a continued connection with parents via the Internet is significantly associated with youth seeking HIV or STI information. Similarly for content of interactions, more youth who were sent health information online also reported seeking HIV information and HIV-testing information. We discuss implications for intervention and practice, focusing on how the Internet may be used for dissemination of sexual health information and as a resource for social workers to link transient, runaway, and homeless youth to care.

Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Rice, Eric

2012-01-01

86

39 CFR 959.30 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...30 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO THE PRIVATE EXPRESS STATUTES § 959.30 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in...

2013-07-01

87

ODLIS - Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every field has their own vocabulary of words that can sound like a foreign language to any 'outsider' and Library and Information Science is no different. This online dictionary helps define the multitude of terms an aspiring librarian or librarian technician may encounter. Print versions are also available in hardcover or paperback. Joan M. Reitz, Associate Librarian for Instruction at the Ruth A. Haas Library, Western Connecticut State University, created both online and print versions.

Reitz, Joan M.

2007-01-31

88

Public Claims about Automatic External Defibrillators: An Online Consumer Opinions Study  

PubMed Central

Background Patients are no longer passive recipients of health care, and increasingly engage in health communications outside of the traditional patient and health care professional relationship. As a result, patient opinions and health related judgements are now being informed by a wide range of social, media, and online information sources. Government initiatives recognise self-delivery of health care as a valuable means of responding to the anticipated increased global demand for health resources. Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs), designed for the treatment of Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA), have recently become available for 'over the counter' purchase with no need for a prescription. This paper explores the claims and argumentation of lay persons and health care practitioners and professionals relating to these, and how these may impact on the acceptance, adoption and use of these devices within the home context. Methods We carry out a thematic content analysis of a novel form of Internet-based data: online consumer opinions of AED devices posted on Amazon.com, the world's largest online retailer. A total of #83 online consumer reviews of home AEDs are analysed. The analysis is both inductive, identifying themes that emerged from the data, exploring the parameters of public debate relating to these devices, and also driven by theory, centring around the parameters that may impact upon the acceptance, adoption and use of these devices within the home as indicated by the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). Results Five high-level themes around which arguments for and against the adoption of home AEDs are identified and considered in the context of TAM. These include opinions relating to device usability, usefulness, cost, emotional implications of device ownership, and individual patient risk status. Emotional implications associated with AED acceptance, adoption and use emerged as a notable factor that is not currently reflected within the existing TAM. Conclusions The value, credibility and implications of the findings of this study are considered within the context of existing AED research, and related to technology acceptance theory. From a methodological perspective, this study demonstrates the potential value of online consumer reviews as a novel data source for exploring the parameters of public debate relating to emerging health care technologies.

2011-01-01

89

Research to Go: Taking an Information Literacy Credit Course Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adapting an existing face-to-face information literacy course that teaches undergraduates how to successfully conduct research and creating an online or hybrid version is a multi-step process. It begins with a desire to reach more students and help them achieve academic success. The primary learning outcomes for any information literacy course are…

Long, Jessica; Burke, John J.; Tumbleson, Beth

2012-01-01

90

Collective Information Literacy in Massively Multiplayer Online Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the forms of information literacy that arise in commercial entertainment games like "World of Warcraft." Using examples culled from eight months of online ethnographic data, the authors detail the forms of information literacy that arise as a regular part of in-game social interaction, emphasizing (ironically) the…

Martin, Crystle; Steinkuehler, Constance

2010-01-01

91

Online GIS services for mapping and sharing disease information  

PubMed Central

Background Disease data sharing is important for the collaborative preparation, response, and recovery stages of disease control. Disease phenomena are strongly associated with spatial and temporal factors. Web-based Geographical Information Systems provide a real-time and dynamic way to represent disease information on maps. However, data heterogeneities, integration, interoperability, and cartographical representation are still major challenges in the health geographic fields. These challenges cause barriers in extensively sharing health data and restrain the effectiveness in understanding and responding to disease outbreaks. To overcome these challenges in disease data mapping and sharing, the senior authors have designed an interoperable service oriented architecture based on Open Geospatial Consortium specifications to share the spatio-temporal disease information. Results A case study of infectious disease mapping across New Brunswick (Canada) and Maine (USA) was carried out to evaluate the proposed architecture, which uses standard Web Map Service, Styled Layer Descriptor and Web Map Context specifications. The case study shows the effectiveness of an infectious disease surveillance system and enables cross-border visualization, analysis, and sharing of infectious disease information through interactive maps and/or animation in collaboration with multiple partners via a distributed network. It enables data sharing and users' collaboration in an open and interactive manner. Conclusion In this project, we develop a service oriented architecture for online disease mapping that is distributed, loosely coupled, and interoperable. An implementation of this architecture has been applied to the New Brunswick and Maine infectious disease studies. We have shown that the development of standard health services and spatial data infrastructure can enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of public health surveillance.

Gao, Sheng; Mioc, Darka; Anton, Francois; Yi, Xiaolun; Coleman, David J

2008-01-01

92

Florida Public Health Training Center: Evidence-Based Online Mentor Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an Online Mentor Program (OMP) designed to support and facilitate mentorships among and between Florida Department of Health (FDOH) employees and USF College of Public Health students using a Web-based portal. The Florida Public Health Training Center (FPHTC) at the University of South Florida (USF) College of Public Health…

Frahm, Kathryn A.; Alsac-Seitz, Biray; Mescia, Nadine; Brown, Lisa M.; Hyer, Kathy; Liburd, Desiree; Rogoff, David P.; Troutman, Adewale

2013-01-01

93

Factors Affecting the Adoption of On-Line Search Services by the Public Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Costs and cost-related factors connected with providing on-line search services through the public library are examined. The examination was based on preliminary results from an on-going evaluation of an experimental program (DIALIB). In the DIALIB experiment Lockheed's DIALOG search service was available to the public through four public

Ahlgren, Alice E.

94

User Practices in Keyword and Boolean Searching on an Online Public Access Catalog.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of keyword and Boolean searching techniques in online public access catalogs (OPACs) focuses on a study conducted at Indiana State University that examined users' attitudes toward searching on NOTIS (Northwestern Online Total Integrated System). Relevant literature is reviewed, and implications for library instruction are suggested. (17…

Ensor, Pat

1992-01-01

95

77 FR 4574 - Agency Information Collection Activities: USCIS Case Status Online; Extension of an Existing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection Activities: USCIS Case Status Online; Extension of an Existing Information...Collection Under Review: USCIS Case Status Online...whether to revise the USCIS Case Status Online. Should USCIS decide to revise the...

2012-01-30

96

Public-Access Information System Terminal.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The invention relates generally to information retrieval systems, and is particularly concerned with a computer-linked remote terminal unit for providing public access to electronically stored route and schedule information at airports, bus terminals, rai...

L. Frenkel M. Gorstein

1980-01-01

97

Evaluation of online consumer medication information  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundMillions of Americans search the Internet for health-related information; however, the readability and comprehensiveness of consumer medication information (CMI) on the Internet has not been widely studied.

Karissa Y. Kim; Anne Metzger; Patricia R. Wigle; Pearl J. Choe

2011-01-01

98

Information Literacy Training in Canada's Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of the study were to explore the role of Canada's public libraries in developing the public's information literacy (IL) skills, to explore current IL training practices, and to explore the perspectives and IL experiences of individuals who visit public libraries to access the Internet. This article documents the second phase of a…

Julien, Heidi; Hoffman, Cameron

2008-01-01

99

78 FR 42537 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Online Survey of Web Services Employers; New...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Number 1615-NEW] Agency Information Collection Activities: Online Survey of Web Services Employers; New Information Collection...information collection. (2) Title of the Form/Collection: Online Survey of Web Services Employers. (3) Agency form...

2013-07-16

100

LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT PUBLIC HEALTH FROM ONLINE CROWD SURVEILLANCE  

PubMed Central

The Internet has forever changed the way people access information and make decisions about their healthcare needs. Patients now share information about their health at unprecedented rates on social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook and on medical discussion boards. In addition to explicitly shared information about health conditions through posts, patients reveal data on their inner fears and desires about health when searching for health-related keywords on search engines. Data are also generated by the use of mobile phone applications that track users’ health behaviors (e.g., eating and exercise habits) as well as give medical advice. The data generated through these applications are mined and repackaged by surveillance systems developed by academics, companies, and governments alike to provide insight to patients and healthcare providers for medical decisions. Until recently, most Internet research in public health has been surveillance focused or monitoring health behaviors. Only recently have researchers used and interacted with the crowd to ask questions and collect health-related data. In the future, we expect to move from this surveillance focus to the “ideal” of Internet-based patient-level interventions where healthcare providers help patients change their health behaviors. In this article, we highlight the results of our prior research on crowd surveillance and make suggestions for the future.

Hill, Shawndra; Merchant, Raina; Ungar, Lyle

2014-01-01

101

32 CFR 806.3 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...information or records from the public that do not refer to the FOIA. Often these requests are sent to a public affairs office (PAO) or a specific unit. All releases of information from Air Force records, whether the requester cites the FOIA or...

2013-07-01

102

The Astrophysical Journal On-line in the Astrophysics Science Information and Abstract Service (ASIAS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We announce the availability of the Astrophysical Journal on-line through the article service in the Astrophysics Science Information and Abstract Service (ASIAS). In cooperation with the AAS we provide access to ApJ volumes from 1975 to 1994 for viewing and printing. New volumes will be added one year after publication. The articles are accessible through the World Wide Web (WWW) at: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/article_service.html

Eichhorn, G.; Kurtz, M. J.; Accomazzi, A.; Grant, C. S.; Murray, S. S.

1995-05-01

103

Public vs. private: comparing public social network information with email  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this research is to facilitate the design of systems which will mine and use sociocentric social networks without infringing privacy. We describe an extensive experiment we conducted within our organization comparing social network information gathered from various intranet public sources with social network information gathered from a private source - the organizational email system. We also report

Ido Guy; Michal Jacovi; Noga Meshulam; Inbal Ronen; Elad Shahar

2008-01-01

104

75 FR 19416 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Assessment System...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Assessment System--Management Operations Certification AGENCY...information: Title of Proposal: Public Housing Assessment System--Management Operations Certification....

2010-04-14

105

ODIN. Online Database Information Network: ODIN Policy & Procedure Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policies and procedures are outlined for the Online Database Information Network (ODIN), a cooperative of libraries in south-central Pennsylvania, which was organized to improve library services through technology. The first section covers organization and goals, members, and responsibilities of the administrative council and libraries. Patrons…

Townley, Charles T.; And Others

106

Comparing Clinician Knowledge and Online Information Regarding Alli (Orlistat)  

PubMed Central

Background: Many consumers join online communities focused on health. Online forums are a popular medium for the exchange of health information between consumers, so it is important to determine the accuracy and completeness of information posted to online forums. Objective: We compare the accuracy and completeness of information regarding the FDA-approved over-the counter weight-loss drug Alli (Orlistat) from forums and from clinicians. Methods: We identified Alli-related questions posted on online forums and then posed the questions to 11 primary care providers. We then compared the clinicians' answers to the answers given on the forums. A panel of blinded experts evaluated the accuracy and completeness of the answers on a scale of 0 - 4. Another panel of blinded experts categorized questions as being best answered based on clinical experience versus review of the literature. Results: The accuracy and completeness of responses was slightly better than forum responses, but there was no significant difference (2.3 vs 2.1, p = 0.5). Only one forum answer contained information that could potentially cause harm if the advice was followed. Conclusions: Forum answers were comparable to clinicians' answers with respect to accuracy and completeness, but answers from both sources were unsatisfactory.

Nelson, Stuart; Hwang, Kevin O.; Bernstam, Elmer V.

2009-01-01

107

Collaborating Online To Teach Information and Multimedia Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A graduate communications course in multimedia literacy uses a completely online environment to assemble faculty and curriculum resources normally unavailable in traditional classrooms. Guided by a teacher/coordinator, a librarian teaches information literacy by examining Internet copyright and fair use issues, ethics, and the evaluation of…

Jones, Ted; Luck, DeAnne; Buchanan, Lori

108

Uses of Contextual Information to Support Online Tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we make a case for the role of user context information in supporting task performance online, examine previous attempts at representing and making use of user context factors, and highlight the limitations of existing tools and services. We then suggest how the emergent Semantic Web might be able to better facilitate the capture of knowledge regarding user

Tom Heath; Enrico Motta; Martin Dzbor

109

Online Information Retrieval for Economists: The Economic Literature Index.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basics of online searching for bibliographic citations are presented through use of the "Economic Literature Index" (ELI), which is available as File 139 on Dialog Information Services. This article focuses on the choice of media for bibliographic searches, search strategies, and the selection of alternative databases, such as "Social…

Ekwurzel, Drucilla; Saffran, Bernard

1985-01-01

110

Epistemic Metacognition in Context: Evaluating and Learning Online Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined epistemic metacognition as a reflective activity about knowledge and knowing in the context of online information searching on the Web, and whether it was related to prior knowledge on the topic, study approach, and domain-specific beliefs about science. In addition, we investigated whether Internet-based learning was…

Mason, Lucia; Boldrin, Angela; Ariasi, Nicola

2010-01-01

111

Information Technology Online: A Knowledge Framework for Curriculum Externalisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Faced with increasing competition for students and funds, Australian universities hope that innovative technologies will provide the capability to offer flexible learning pathways that meet the needs of current and future students. However, the application of such technologies to develop an IT (information technology) degree for online external delivery is a difficult and complex process with both technological and human

Andrew Finegan; Jodi Tutty; Barbara White

112

Online Cultural Heritage Exhibitions: A Survey of Information Retrieval Features  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: What kinds of online cultural heritage exhibitions are now available on the internet? How far have these cultural heritage institutions voyaged in terms of harnessing the power of information and communication technology and the interactivity of multimedia systems to exhibit cultural heritage resources? This study aims to highlight the…

Liew, Chern Li

2005-01-01

113

The Internationality of Information Banks--Online Bibliographic Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The international character of online bibliographic databases is assessed by addressing three major aspects: literature production, article selection, and database use, as well as a number of side issues such as distribution and language. Requests for information were sent to producers and suppliers, most of whom responded, with no attempt being…

Veith, Richard H.

114

The Role of Patient Satisfaction in Online Health Information Seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of online health information seeking are beginning to address a basic question: why do people turn to the Internet? This study draws upon the Uses and Gratifications (U&G) and Media System Dependency (MSD) perspectives to examine in this process the role played by satisfaction with care. The sample comprised 178 cancer listserv users, of whom 35% chose the Internet

Nupur Tustin

2010-01-01

115

The Public Life of Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mid-twentieth century marked a shift in Americans' fundamental orientation toward information. Rather than news or knowledge, information became a disembodied quantum--strings of ones and zeros processed, increasingly, by complex machines. This dissertation examines how Americans became acquainted with "information", as newly conceived by…

Rowe, Josh

2011-01-01

116

Online Agricultural Commodity Trade Information Sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current agricultural commodity trade information is a strategic decision-making tool for business. Two systems, PIERS and TRADSTAT are described with sample reports, formats available, and examples of their use.

Julia C. Peterson

1993-01-01

117

ODLIS: Online Dictionary of Library and Information Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online dictionary, newly updated, provides a glossary of over 1,800 terms related to library and information sciences, with an emphasis on online library science. Once a handout for author Joan Reitz's undergraduate students in library sciences at Western Connecticut State University, the dictionary has expanded over the years to its present substantial HTML incarnation. The entries are well written and professional and should be of use to students, librarians, and even those patrons who are tired of being intimidated by not knowing what exactly "Boolean" or "MARC" mean.

118

The Use of Deception in Public Health Behavioral Intervention Trials: A Case Study of Three Online Alcohol Trials  

PubMed Central

Some public health behavioral intervention research studies involve deception. A methodological imperative to minimize bias can be in conflict with the ethical principle of informed consent. As a case study, we examine the specific forms of deception used in three online randomized controlled trials evaluating brief alcohol interventions. We elaborate our own decision making about the use of deception in these trials, and present our ongoing findings and uncertainties. We discuss the value of the approach of pragmatism for examining these kinds of ethical issues that can arise in research on public health interventions.

McCambridge, Jim; Kypri, Kypros; Bendtsen, Preben; Porter, John

2013-01-01

119

CLSI On-Line Public Catalog Touch Terminal Manual: Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training manual developed by the Public Access Subcommittee of the Reference Department of Meriam Library (California State University, Chico) provides instructions for using the library's online public catalog by means of a touch terminal which accepts commands in the form of a touch on a particular part of the terminal screen. Author and…

California State Univ., Chico.

120

FEDIX on-line information service: Design, develop, test, and implement, an on-line research and education information service  

SciTech Connect

The FEDIX Annual Status Report provides details regarding an on-line information project designed, developed and implemented by Federal Information Exchange, Inc., a diversified information services company. This document details the project design activities, summarizes the developmental phases of the project and describes the implementation activities generated to fulfill the project's objectives. The information contained in this document illustrates FIE's continuing commitment to serve as the link that facilitates the dissemination of federal information to the education community. This report reviews the project accomplishments and describes intended service enhancements.

Rodman, J.A.

1992-01-01

121

'Meatball searching' - The adversarial approach to online information retrieval  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is proposed that the different styles of online searching can be described as either formal (highly precise) or informal with the needs of the client dictating which is most applicable at a particular moment. The background and personality of the searcher also come into play. Particular attention is focused on meatball searching which is a form of online searching characterized by deliberate vagueness. It requires generally comprehensive searches, often on unusual topics and with tight deadlines. It is most likely to occur in search centers serving many different disciplines and levels of client information sophistication. Various information needs are outlined as well as the laws of meatball searching and the adversarial approach. Traits and characteristics important to sucessful searching include: (1) concept analysis, (2) flexibility of thinking, (3) ability to think in synonyms and (4) anticipation of variant word forms and spellings.

Jack, R. F.

1985-01-01

122

Informational Privacy, Public Health, and State Laws  

PubMed Central

Developments in information technology that make it possible to rapidly transmit health information also raise questions about the possible inappropriate use and protection of identifiable (or potentially identifiable) personal health information. Despite efforts to improve state laws, adoption of provisions has lagged. We found that half of states have no statutes addressing nondisclosure of personally identifiable health information generally held by public health agencies. Exceptional treatment of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, or tuberculosis-related information was common. Where other provisions were found, there was little consistency in the laws across states. The variation in state laws supports the need to build consensus on the appropriate use and disclosure of public health information among public health practitioners.

Matthews, Gene

2011-01-01

123

Specialty food safety concerns and multilingual resource needs: an online survey of public health inspectors.  

PubMed

The province of Ontario, Canada, has a highly diverse and multicultural population. Specialty foods (i.e., foods from different cultures) are becoming increasingly available at retail food outlets and foods service establishments across the province; as a result, public health inspectors (PHIs) are increasingly required to assess the safety of foods with which they may be unfamiliar. The aim of this study was to investigate the concerns, perceptions, and self-identified needs of PHIs in Ontario with regard to specialty foods and food safety information resources in languages other than English. A cross-sectional online survey of 239 PHIs was conducted between April and June 2009. The study found that while some food safety information resources were available in languages other than English, fewer than 25% of respondents (56/239) were satisfied with the current availability of these resources. With regard to specialty foods, 60% of respondents (143/239) reported at least one specialty food with which they were not confident about their current food safety knowledge, and 64% of respondents (153/239) reported at least one specialty food with which they were dissatisfied with the current availability of food safety information. Therefore, the development of additional food safety information resources for specialty foods, and food safety resources in additional languages may provide enhanced support to PHIs involved in protecting and promoting a safe food supply. PMID:20704506

Pham, Mai T; Jones, Andria Q; Sargeant, Jan M; Marshall, Barbara J; Dewey, Catherine E

2010-12-01

124

An online spacecraft environment interactions information system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper reviews the role that EnviroNET assumes as a contemporary system that scientists and engineers can use to share information on networks that are connected globally. Advantage is being taken to use this powerful communication tool for the space community to articulate the various anomalies that our space systems are experiencing. EnviroNET is being considered as a test bed for developing an expert system for diagnosing environmentally induced anomalies for spacecraft. The various offline activities in progress toward this objective are described.

Lauriente, Michael

1990-01-01

125

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2013-04-01

126

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2009-04-01

127

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2010-04-01

128

An On-Line Information Management System for Resources for Staff Development for the Professional Development Center Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Professional Development Center Network (PDC), a consortium of twenty public school districts, parochial schools, and Western Kentucky University, seeks to identify and secure resources to assist in the design and delivery of activities appropriate to the educational development of individual staff members through the online Information

Monroe, Eula Ewing

129

ISONET and Standards Information Service in Japan : Development of Online Information System for ISONET  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes some aspects of ISONET at first, that is, the mutual information exchange, the network concept, and how Japan as a member of ISONET organizes standards information centers and circumstances surrounding them. Then the following items are described ; the present situation of standards information services and problems associated with them, significance of ISONET online system development program, major content and features of standards information database and some findings obtained in the recent JIS online database experiment. The fundamental design of database for standards information service is also mentioned.

Futsuhara, Natsuko

130

Interventions to Assist Health Consumers to Find Reliable Online Health Information: A Comprehensive Review  

PubMed Central

Background Health information on the Internet is ubiquitous, and its use by health consumers prevalent. Finding and understanding relevant online health information, and determining content reliability, pose real challenges for many health consumers. Purpose To identify the types of interventions that have been implemented to assist health consumers to find reliable online health information, and where possible, describe and compare the types of outcomes studied. Data Sources PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus and Cochrane Library databases; WorldCat and Scirus ‘gray literature’ search engines; and manual review of reference lists of selected publications. Study Selection Publications were selected by firstly screening title, abstract, and then full text. Data Extraction Seven publications met the inclusion criteria, and were summarized in a data extraction form. The form incorporated the PICOS (Population Intervention Comparators Outcomes and Study Design) Model. Two eligible gray literature papers were also reported. Data Synthesis Relevant data from included studies were tabulated to enable descriptive comparison. A brief critique of each study was included in the tables. This review was unable to follow systematic review methods due to the paucity of research and humanistic interventions reported. Limitations While extensive, the gray literature search may have had limited reach in some countries. The paucity of research on this topic limits conclusions that may be drawn. Conclusions The few eligible studies predominantly adopted a didactic approach to assisting health consumers, whereby consumers were either taught how to find credible websites, or how to use the Internet. Common types of outcomes studied include knowledge and skills pertaining to Internet use and searching for reliable health information. These outcomes were predominantly self-assessed by participants. There is potential for further research to explore other avenues for assisting health consumers to find reliable online health information, and to assess outcomes via objective measures.

Lee, Kenneth; Hoti, Kreshnik; Hughes, Jeffery D.; Emmerton, Lynne M.

2014-01-01

131

Epistemic metacognition in context: evaluating and learning online information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined epistemic metacognition as a reflective activity about knowledge and knowing in the context of online\\u000a information searching on the Web, and whether it was related to prior knowledge on the topic, study approach, and domain-specific\\u000a beliefs about science. In addition, we investigated whether Internet-based learning was influenced by epistemic metacognition\\u000a and the individual differences examined. Seventy 8th

Lucia Mason; Angela Boldrin; Nicola Ariasi

2010-01-01

132

Veteran internet use and engagement with health information online.  

PubMed

Veterans represent a unique population in need of accessing health services online. Data from a random-digit dialed survey conducted by the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project were used to assess differences in online use of health information among Veterans in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) of the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs (VA), Veterans not in VA, and non-Veterans. This survey of 3,001 U.S. citizens oversampled lower-income households. Questions assessed Veteran status and use of VA health care services, self-reported Internet use and Internet searching for health-related information, and social engagement related to health online. Overall results suggest Veterans represent an opportune population to utilize personal health records and health services via the Internet. Veterans in VA are more likely to search for health issues related to Alzheimer's disease and memory loss (odds ratio = 3.07; confidence interval = 1.41-8.28) compared to Veterans not in VA. Veterans receiving VA health care also reported higher proportions of social engagement related to health about tracking diet, weight, and exercise than Veterans not in VA, although not statistically significant. Veterans in VA are using the Internet for health information, and there is an opportunity to engage them more. PMID:23707823

Houston, Thomas K; Volkman, Julie E; Feng, Hua; Nazi, Kim M; Shimada, Stephanie L; Fox, Susannah

2013-04-01

133

Environmental Programs Information: Affecting Kansas Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a brief overview of the environmental issues that affect Kansas public schools. Specific programs that address these problems are included, along with their contact information. This document contains information on the following issues and programs: (1) Department of Health and Environment; (2) air; (3) asbestos; (4)…

Kansas State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

134

75 FR 32158 - Information Collection; SRS Publications Evaluation Card  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service Information Collection; SRS Publications Evaluation Card AGENCY: Forest Service...approved information collection, SRS Publications Evaluation Card. DATES: Comments...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: SRS Publications Evaluation Card. OMB Number:...

2010-06-07

135

Online Public Health Preparedness Training Programs: An Evaluation of User Experience with the Technological Environment  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Several public health education programs and government agencies across the country have started offering virtual or online training programs in emergency preparedness for people who are likely to be involved in managing or responding to different types of emergency situations such as natural disasters, epidemics, bioterrorism, etc. While such online training programs are more convenient and cost-effective than traditional classroom-based programs, their success depends to a great extent on the underlying technological environment. Specifically, in an online technological environment, different types of user experiences come in to play—users’ utilitarian or pragmatic experience, their fun or hedonic experience, their social experience, and most importantly, their usability experience—and these different user experiences critically shape the program outcomes, including course completion rates. This study adopts a multi-disciplinary approach and draws on theories in human computer interaction, distance learning theories, usability research, and online consumer behavior to evaluate users’ experience with the technological environment of an online emergency preparedness training program and discusses its implications for the design of effective online training programs. . Methods: Data was collected using a questionnaire from 377 subjects who had registered for and participated in online public health preparedness training courses offered by a large public university in the Northeast. Results: Analysis of the data indicates that as predicted, participants had higher levels of pragmatic and usability experiences compared to their hedonic and sociability experiences. Results also indicate that people who experienced higher levels of pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences were more likely to complete the course(s) they registered for compared to those who reported lower levels. Discussion: The study findings hold important implications for the design of effective online emergency preparedness training targeted at diverse audiences including the general public, health care and public health professionals, and emergency responders. Strategies for improving participants’ pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences are outlined. Conclusion: There are ample opportunities to improve the pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences of the target audience. This is critical to improve the participants’ learning and retention as well as the completion rates for the courses offered. Online emergency preparedness programs are likely to play a crucial role in preparing emergency responders at all levels in the future and their success has critical implications for public health informatics.

Nambisan, Priya

2010-01-01

136

The Reflective Online Searching Skills (ROSS) Environment: embedding information literacy into student learning through an online environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Reflective Online Searching Skills (ROSS) Environment is an e-learning tool that fosters the development of student skill and knowledge in online searching. It was developed with the support of Faculty of Information Technology and the Teaching and Learning Support Services at the Queensland University of Technology (QUT). In 2007 ROSS is being developed for use within the first year

Helen Partridge; Sylvia Edwards; Andrew Baker; Lynn McAllister

2008-01-01

137

A Comparison of Participation Patterns in Selected Formal, Non-Formal, and Informal Online Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does learner participation vary depending on the learning context? Are there characteristic features of participation evident in formal, non-formal, and informal online learning environments? Six online learning environments were chosen as epitomes of formal, non-formal, and informal learning contexts and compared. Transcripts of online

Schwier, Richard A.; Seaton, J. X.

2013-01-01

138

Information integration for public safety officers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information enabled by technology is used to support good decision-making in the public safety arena. In the information age, the current implementation includes the installation of laptop computers and other mobile computing technology into mobile environments including ambulances, fire vehicles and police cruisers. Typically, these computing devices are equipped with various multi-purpose and custom software applications to replicate the public safety officers' headquarters work environment. In our analysis, we have found that there are large amounts of publiclyavailable datasets that are not available to the public safety officer in the field, but if made available in a real-time environment, could greatly assist the decision-making tasks of the officer and increase the safety of the public entrusted to the officer's watch. Information delivery and integration in the public safety environment are key elements required to maximize data support of public safety. Utilizing aspects of requirements engineering, we propose and develop a variety of applications that allow public safety officials to synthesize and interact with real-time data in the field. Information integration used to locate a topographic area map, satellite image, or immediate alert of the prevailing weather conditions assist in the timely decision-making process, especially in areas where such data is not available in the field. Public and private data sources are delivered according to agency protocols. Our environment takes advantage of the existing Project54 application and hardware, developed at the University of New Hampshire, as well as existing datacasting technology and other wireless mobile communications technologies.

Valcourt, Scott A.; Datla, Pushpa; Chamberlin, Kent; McMahon, Benjamin

2008-05-01

139

75 FR 76393 - Notice of Request for a New Information Collection (Public Health Information System)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...a New Information Collection (Public Health Information System) AGENCY...collection concerning its Web-based Public Health Information System. DATES: Comments...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public Health Information System...

2010-12-08

140

Blogging in an Online Health Information Technology Class  

PubMed Central

In this article we introduce blogs, including their brief history, their current status, and motivations for blogging. We describe how we created a course blog in one online Health information management (HIM) baccalaureate course. We describe three pedagogical purposes (online discussion, digital drop box, and class project management tool) of the course blog. We report the results of our after-class survey on using the blog as a learning tool. Survey results illustrated that 55 percent of the students agree that the blog can be a tool for facilitating learning, 50 percent agree it can be used as a tool for student activities, 60 percent agree it can serve as a medium for reflective thinking and writing, and 60 percent want to see its application in other courses.

Zeng, Xiaoming; Harris, Susie T

2005-01-01

141

Multiple issue publics in the high-choice media environment: media use, online activity, and political knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the role of membership in multiple issue publics by understanding its relationship to media use, online activity, and political knowledge. Using data from Taiwan's 2008 Social Change Survey, the study shows that members of multiple issue publics was positively associated with television watching, political talk show watching, and online news reading. In addition, they were found to

Hsuan-Ting Chen

2012-01-01

142

Emotions, Public Opinion, and U.S. Presidential Approval Rates: A 5-Year Analysis of Online Political Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how emotional reactions to political events shape public opinion. We analyze political discussions in which people voluntarily engage online to approximate the public agenda: Online discussions offer a natural approach to the salience of political issues and the means to analyze emotional reactions as political events take…

Gonzalez-Bailon, Sandra; Banchs, Rafael E.; Kaltenbrunner, Andreas

2012-01-01

143

A Study of an Online Catalog from a Public Services Perspective. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New York University (NYU) Libraries received a 1-year grant from the Association of Research Libraries to study users' responses to its recently installed Geac online catalog, Bobcat (Bobst Library Computerized Catalog). The survey instrument, developed for Council on Library Resources (CLR)-funded national study of responses to public access…

Kranich, Nancy C.; And Others

144

Factors Affecting the Adoption of On-Line Search Services by the Public Library.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Costs and cost-related factors connected with providing on-line search services through the public library are examined. The examination was based on preliminary results from an on-going evaluation of an experimental program (DIALIB). In the DIALIB experi...

1975-01-01

145

Attitudes of German Teachers and Students towards Public Online Ratings of Teaching Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Rating scales evaluating the quality of teaching are widely used by academic institutions and have become increasingly popular in the World Wide Web. This study examines teachers' and teacher-education students' knowledge and experience with public online ratings of teaching quality and their attitude towards them. Method: Based on…

Hinz, Arnold

2011-01-01

146

Online Public Access Catalog User Studies: A Review of Research Methodologies, March 1986-November 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Review of research methodologies used in studies of online public access catalog (OPAC) users finds that a variety of research methodologies--e.g., surveys, transaction log analysis, interviews--have been used with varying degrees of expertise. It is concluded that poor research methodology resulting from limited training and resources limits the…

Seymour, Sharon

1991-01-01

147

Principal Perceptions about the Implementation and Effectiveness of Online Learning in Public High Schools in Indiana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine the principal perceptions and demographic relationship of the implementation and effectiveness of online learning in non-charter Indiana public high schools. An analysis was prepared to determine whether demographic factors played a role in the principal's perceptions of the implementation…

Rayle, Timothy W.

2011-01-01

148

Web-Based Online Public Access Catalogues of IIT Libraries in India: An Evaluative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to examine the various features and components of web-based online public access catalogues (OPACs) of IIT libraries in India with the help of a specially designed evaluation checklist. Design/methodology/approach: The various features of the web-based OPACs in six IIT libraries (IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT…

Madhusudhan, Margam; Aggarwal, Shalini

2011-01-01

149

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center: Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Department of Agriculture's website has a special section devoted to alternative farming systems, which include ecological pest management, value-added enterprises, agritourism, renewable energy on the farm, and aquaculture. Visitors will find the publications section related to alternative farming system to be filled with resources on a multitude of subjects. "Sustainability in Agriculture" is the first topic on the homepage, and includes a publication updated in 2007, called "Sustainable Agriculture: Definitions and Terms", that should be a good start for many visitors. Visitors interested in learning how to engage in sustainable agriculture methods, should take a look at "Sustainable Agriculture: Information Access Tools" published in 2009. The tools include publications on "Automated Database Searches", "Research Funding Resources", and "Top 10 research Journals". An informative piece of writing about the evolution of organic/sustainable agriculture is also available here.

150

36 CFR 1192.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Public information system. 1192...35 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND...FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 1192.35 Public information system....

2010-07-01

151

36 CFR 1192.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Public information system. 1192...35 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND...FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 1192.35 Public information system....

2009-07-01

152

49 CFR 38.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Public information system...TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 38.35 Public information system...shall be equipped with a public address system permitting the driver, or recorded or...

2009-10-01

153

49 CFR 38.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Public information system...TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 38.35 Public information system...shall be equipped with a public address system permitting the driver, or recorded or...

2010-10-01

154

Global Integration of Public Sector Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with technological methods for consolidating assets lists of available public sector information (PSI) for re-use. In this direction, the effort is to review the state of the art in delivering access to PSI throughout the world and to prioritize the necessary engagements for joining available PSI catalogues. We propose an architectural framework grounded on Semantic Web technologies

Christos L. Koumenides; Manuel Salvadores; Harith Alani; Nigel R. Shadbolt

2010-01-01

155

Publicity, Privacy, and Permanence of Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The quantum principles of superposition and entanglement have led to a recasting of the foundations of information and computation theory, and are especially helpful in understanding the nature of privacy. The most private information, exemplified by a quantum eraser experiment, is best regarded as existing only conditionally and temporarily-after the experiment is over no trace remains. Less private is classically-secret information-quantum information that has decohered, and thus become recoverable in principle, though not in practice, from portions of the environment. Finally there is public information, which has been replicated so thoroughly throughout the environment as to be infeasible to conceal. The Internet has caused an explosion of public information, with the beneficial side effect of making it harder for despots to rewrite the history of their misdeeds, and it is tempting to hope that all macroscopic information is permanent, making such cover-ups impossible in principle if not in practice. However, by comparing entropy flows into and out of the Earth with estimates of the planet's storage capacity, we conclude that most macroscopic information-for example the pattern of sand grains on an ancient beach-is impermanent, in the sense of becoming irrecoverable in principle from the Earth though still recorded in the Universe.

Bennett, Charles H.

2006-11-01

156

The U.S. Conference of Mayors: Online Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many urban areas are faced with similar problems, and it makes sense that many mayors in the United States have joined forces with The U.S. Conference of Mayors in order to speak with a unified voice about the issues that urban areas struggle with on a regular basis. With that in mind, the Conference of Mayors has put together this sage site which contains a diverse set of policy publications and attendant prescriptions addressing everything from brownfields to climate protection. The papers are organized chronologically and they date back to 1993. All told, there are over 50 papers available here and some of the more recent titles include a report on hunger and homelessness in American cities and an omnibus survey on cities' water management policies.

2008-01-01

157

Suicidal and online: how do online behaviors inform us of this high-risk population?  

PubMed

To assist suicide prevention we need a better understanding of how suicidal individuals act in their environment, and the online world offers an ideal opportunity to examine daily behaviors. This anonymous survey (N = 1,016) provides first-of-its-kind empirical evidence demonstrating suicide-risk people (n = 290) are unique in their online behaviors. Suicidal users reported more time online, greater likelihood of developing online personal relationships, and greater use of online forums. In addition, suicide-risk women reported more time browsing/surfing and social networking. The authors conclude that suicide prevention efforts should respond to suicide-risk users' greater demands for online interpersonal communications. PMID:24666145

Harris, Keith M; McLean, John P; Sheffield, Jeanie

2014-07-01

158

Self-reported effects of online medical information on offline medical behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study shows an initial direction of research where online behaviour is linked to offline behaviour of health consumers. Although no significance where found between online medical resources, it is stipulated that people are influenced by online medical information about their (possible) diseases or symptoms. Medical care providers should be aware of consumers that are heavily using the Internet as

Guido Ongena; Ronald S. Batenburg; Wijngaert van de Lidwien

2012-01-01

159

e-MIR2: a public online inventory of medical informatics resources  

PubMed Central

Background Over the past years, the number of available informatics resources in medicine has grown exponentially. While specific inventories of such resources have already begun to be developed for Bioinformatics (BI), comparable inventories are as yet not available for the Medical Informatics (MI) field, so that locating and accessing them currently remains a difficult and time-consuming task. Description We have created a repository of MI resources from the scientific literature, providing free access to its contents through a web-based service. We define informatics resources as all those elements that constitute, serve to define or are used by informatics systems, ranging from architectures or development methodologies to terminologies, vocabularies, databases or tools. Relevant information describing the resources is automatically extracted from manuscripts published in top-ranked MI journals. We used a pattern matching approach to detect the resources’ names and their main features. Detected resources are classified according to three different criteria: functionality, resource type and domain. To facilitate these tasks, we have built three different classification schemas by following a novel approach based on folksonomies and social tagging. We adopted the terminology most frequently used by MI researchers in their publications to create the concepts and hierarchical relationships belonging to the classification schemas. The classification algorithm identifies the categories associated with resources and annotates them accordingly. The database is then populated with this data after manual curation and validation. Conclusions We have created an online repository of MI resources to assist researchers in locating and accessing the most suitable resources to perform specific tasks. The database contains 609 resources at the time of writing and is available at http://www.gib.fi.upm.es/eMIR2. We are continuing to expand the number of available resources by taking into account further publications as well as suggestions from users and resource developers.

2012-01-01

160

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206...NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE...Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to the public....

2009-10-01

161

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206...NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE...Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to the public....

2010-10-01

162

Social Media and Online Political Communication: The Role of Interpersonal Informational Trust and Openness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines relationships among interpersonal informational trust and openness with Internet-based political activities and attitudes. Conceptually, it proposes the categorization of online spaces and activities as consumption or interaction types, and classifies interpersonal informational trust within inner and outer circles. Interpersonal informational trust was found to be positively associated with perception of online activities as political participation. It also

Itai Himelboim; Ruthann Weaver Lariscy; Spencer F. Tinkham; Kaye D. Sweetser

2012-01-01

163

Public information about clinical trials and research.  

PubMed

Be it to restore the confused image of clinical research in relation to the lay public, or to develop new ways of accruing healthy volunteers or patients for clinical trials, there is a need to draft some guidance on how best to provide information on research. Although the French legal and regulatory armamentarium in this area is essentially liberal, there is currently little-justified reluctance among study sponsors to advertise publicly. A group of academic and pharmaceutical industry researchers, assembled for a workshop, together with regulators, journalists, representatives from ethics committees, social security, patient and health consumer groups and other French institutional bodies, has suggested the following series of recommendations: there is no need for additional legal or regulatory constraints; sponsors should be aware of and make use of direct public information on trials; a 'good practice charter' on public communication about clinical trials should be developed; all professionals should be involved in this communication platform; communication in the patient's immediate vicinity should be preferred (primary-care physician, local press); clinical databases and websites accessible to professionals, but also to patients and non-professionals, should be developed; genuine instruction on clinical trials for physicians and health professionals unfamiliar with such trials should be developed and disseminated; media groups should receive at least some training in the fundamentals of clinical research. PMID:14655315

Plétan, Yannick; Zannad, Faïez; Jaillon, Patrice

2003-01-01

164

78 FR 32234 - Notice of Request for Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection: Public Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Approved Information Collection: Public Health Information System--Animal...and rabbit slaughter for the Public Health Information System--Animal...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public Health Information System--...

2013-05-29

165

EnviroNET: On-line information for LDEF  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

EnviroNET is an on-line, free-form database intended to provide a centralized repository for a wide range of technical information on environmentally induced interactions of use to Space Shuttle customers and spacecraft designers. It provides a user-friendly, menu-driven format on networks that are connected globally and is available twenty-four hours a day - every day. The information, updated regularly, includes expository text, tabular numerical data, charts and graphs, and models. The system pools space data collected over the years by NASA, USAF, other government research facilities, industry, universities, and the European Space Agency. The models accept parameter input from the user, then calculate and display the derived values corresponding to that input. In addition to the archive, interactive graphics programs are also available on space debris, the neutral atmosphere, radiation, magnetic fields, and the ionosphere. A user-friendly, informative interface is standard for all the models and includes a pop-up help window with information on inputs, outputs, and caveats. The system will eventually simplify mission analysis with analytical tools and deliver solutions for computationally intense graphical applications to do 'What if...' scenarios. A proposed plan for developing a repository of information from the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) for a user group is presented.

Lauriente, Michael

1993-01-01

166

Public Health Information Fusion for Situation Awareness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent events, including the terrorist attacks in the fall of 2001, the spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS),\\u000a and Hurricane Katrina, highlight the need for real-time information exchange to enhance government’s awareness and understanding\\u000a of public health events in order to detect and respond as those events unfold. This paper describes the planned approach of\\u000a the Centers for Disease

Henry Rolka; Jean C. O'connor; David Walker

2008-01-01

167

The provision of online public goods: Examining social structure in an electronic network of practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic networks of practice are computer-mediated social spaces where individuals working on similar problems self-organize to help each other and share knowledge, advice, and perspectives about their occupational practice or common interests. These interactions occur through message postings to produce an on-line public good of knowledge, where all participants in the network can then access this knowledge, regardless of their

Molly Mclure Wasko; Robin Teigland; Samer Faraj

2009-01-01

168

Toward public volume database management: a case study of NOVA, the National Online Volumetric Archive  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public databases today can be constructed with a wide variety of authoring and management structures. The widespread appeal of Internet search engines suggests that public information be made open and available to common search strategies, making accessible information that would otherwise be hidden by the infrastructure and software interfaces of a traditional database management system. We present the construction and

Alex Fletcher; Terry S. Yoo

2004-01-01

169

75 FR 28278 - Notice of amendment to Notice of Realty Action: Competitive Online Auction of Public Lands in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of amendment to Notice of Realty Action: Competitive Online Auction of Public Lands in Clark County, NV AGENCY: Bureau...opening date for the sale is established. The sale by competitive online auction will be conducted by the GSA. Bidders may...

2010-05-20

170

Virtual plagues and real-world pandemics: reflecting on the potential for online computer role-playing games to inform real world epidemic research.  

PubMed

In the wake of the Corrupted Blood incident, which afflicted the massively multiplayer online computer role-playing game World of Warcraft in 2005, it has been suggested that both, the incident itself and massively multiplayer online computer role-playing games in general, can be utilised to inform and assist real-world epidemic and public health research. In this paper, I engage critically with these claims. PMID:23584861

Oultram, Stuart

2013-12-01

171

Adolescent Health Literacy: The Importance of Credible Sources for Online Health Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Little research has examined adolescent health literacy and its relationship with online health information sources. The purpose of this study is to explore health literacy among a predominantly Hispanic adolescent population and to investigate whether exposure to a credible source of online health information, MedlinePlus[R], is…

Ghaddar, Suad F.; Valerio, Melissa A.; Garcia, Carolyn M.; Hansen, Lucy

2012-01-01

172

Online Information Searching Strategy Inventory (OISSI): A Quick Version and a Complete Version  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed an instrument to evaluate student online information searching strategies based on a framework comprising three domains and seven aspects. Two versions of the Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), including both quick and complete versions, were finally established and exhibited good validities and…

Tsai, Meng-Jung

2009-01-01

173

University Students' Online Academic Help Seeking: The Role of Self-Regulation and Information Commitments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' online academic help seeking (OAHS) can be facilitated by the aid of technology, but improvement in OAHS may also involve personal variables such as self-regulated learning (SRL), and "information commitments" (ICs), which are evaluative standards and strategies of online information. Accordingly, three instruments--an OAHS, an SRL, and…

Cheng, Kun-Hung; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2013-01-01

174

Distance Students and Online Research: Promoting Information Literacy through Media Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's college students, particularly distance students, are increasingly dependent on the Web for their research needs. At the same time they lack the critical thinking skills required to successfully evaluate the actual credibility of online information, a critical aspect of information literacy. Furthermore, rather than access the online

Van de Vord, Rebecca

2010-01-01

175

Learners' Perceived Information Overload in Online Learning via Computer-Mediated Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies report information overload as one of the main problems that students encounter in online learning via computer-mediated communication. This study aimed to explore the sources of online students' information overload and offer suggestions for increasing students' cognitive resources for learning. Participants were 12 graduate students…

Chen, Chun-Ying; Pedersen, Susan; Murphy, Karen L.

2011-01-01

176

Information Revelation and Privacy in Online Social Networks (The Facebook case)  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Participation in social networking sites has dramatically increased in recent years. Services such as Friendster, Tribe, or the Facebook allow millions of individuals to create online profiles and share personal information with vast networks of friends - and, often, unknown numbers of strangers. In this paper we study patterns of information revelation in online social networks and their privacy

Ralph Gross; Alessandro Acquisti

177

Divided by a Common Degree Program? Profiling Online and Face-to-Face Information Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines profiles of online and face-to-face students in a single information science school: the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee School of Information Studies. A questionnaire was administered to 76 students enrolled in online course sections and 72 students enrolled in face-to-face course sections. The questionnaire examined student…

Haigh, Maria

2007-01-01

178

76 FR 18572 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Admissions/Occupancy...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Admissions/Occupancy Policy AGENCY: Office of...following information: Title of Proposal: Admission to, and Occupancy of Public Housing...the low-income housing program for admission and occupancy. PHAs must develop...

2011-04-04

179

15 CFR 2003.5 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Information open to public inspection. 2003...Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE REGULATIONS OF TRADE POLICY STAFF COMMITTEE § 2003.5 Information open to public inspection....

2010-01-01

180

15 CFR 2003.5 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Information open to public inspection. 2003...Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE REGULATIONS OF TRADE POLICY STAFF COMMITTEE § 2003.5 Information open to public inspection....

2009-01-01

181

15 CFR 2016.4 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Information open to public inspection. 2016.4 Section 2016.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating...ANDEAN TRADE PREFERENCE ACT (ATPA), AS AMENDED § 2016.4 Information open to public inspection....

2010-01-01

182

15 CFR 2016.4 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Information open to public inspection. 2016.4 Section 2016.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating...ANDEAN TRADE PREFERENCE ACT (ATPA), AS AMENDED § 2016.4 Information open to public inspection....

2009-01-01

183

Information Operations and Public Affairs: A Union of Influence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The roles and responsibilities of public affairs and information operations can be complimentary. When the two functions are properly integrated, the unity of the communication effort supports the commander. Although public affairs and information operati...

D. A. Opperman

2012-01-01

184

Design Principles in the Development of (Public) Health Information Infrastructures  

PubMed Central

In this article the author outlines the key issues in the development of a regional health information infrastructure suitable for public health data collections. A set of 10 basic design and development principles as used and validated in the development of the successful New Zealand National Health Information Infrastructure in 1993 are put forward as a basis for future developments. The article emphasises the importance of securing clinical input into any health data that is collected, and suggests strategies whereby this may be achieved, including creating an information economy alongside the care economy. It is suggested that the role of government in such developments is to demonstrate leadership, to work with the sector to develop data, messaging and security standards, to establish key online indexes, to develop data warehouses and to create financial incentives for adoption of the infrastructure and the services it delivers to users. However experience suggests that government should refrain from getting involved in local care services data infrastructure, technology and management issues.

Neame, Roderick

2012-01-01

185

Hoover's Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hoover's Online features an accurate and comprehensive database of company information free on the Web. Called Hoover's MasterList Plus, the database of more than 8,500 of the largest public and private U.S. companies provides company name, key personnel, address, sales, number of employees, ticker symbol and other information for companies meeting the user's designated search criteria. Hoover's Online also includes the week's top business news stories, a directory of more than 1,000 corporate Web sites, a synopsis of the 25 top-selling business books and links to other business information resources on the Web, including stock quotes and SEC filings. The new List of Lists has dozens of rankings indicating which companies are the largest, which CEOs made the most money, which companies are the best employers, and more. Almost all of Hoover's Online is free, including the content mentioned here.

1998-01-01

186

Online Information Exchanges for Parents of Children With a Rare Health Condition: Key Findings From an Online Support Community  

PubMed Central

Background The Internet provides new opportunities for parents of children with difficult illnesses and disabilities to find information and support. The Internet is particularly important for caregivers of children with special needs due to numerous health-related decisions they face. For at-risk populations, online support communities can become key settings and channels for health promotion and communication. Objective This study is an initial exploration of the information-seeking and information-provision processes present in an online support community, which is an area of opportunity and interest for Internet-based medical research and practice. The aim of this study was to explore and describe information-related processes of uncertainty management in relationship to clubfoot. Specifically, the study explored interpersonal communication (information seeking and provision) in an online support community serving the needs of parents of children with clubfoot. Methods The study population consisted of messages posted to an online community by caregivers (parents) of children with clubfoot. The theoretical framework informing the study was the Uncertainty Management Theory (UMT). The study used content analysis to explore and categorize the content of 775 messages. Results Women authored 664 of 775 messages (86%) and men authored 47 messages (6%). Caregivers managed uncertainty through information seeking and provision behaviors that were dynamic and multilayered. The ratio of information-seeking messages to information-provision responses was 1 to 4. All five types of information-seeking behaviors proposed by Brashers’ schema were identified, most of them being correlated. Information seeking using direct questions was found to be positively correlated to self-disclosure (r=.538), offering of a candidate answer (r=.318), and passive information seeking (r=.253). Self-disclosure was found to be positively correlated to provision of a candidate answer (r=.324), second-guessing (r=.149), and passive information seeking (r=.366). Provision of a candidate answer was found to be positively correlated with second-guessing (r=.193) and passive information seeking (r=.223). Second-guessing was found to be positively correlated to passive information seeking (r=.311). All correlations reported above were statistically significant (P<0.01). Of the 775 messages analyzed, 255 (33%) identified a medical professional or institution by name. Detailed medical information was provided in 101 (13%) messages, with the main source of information identified being personal experience rather than medical sources. Conclusion Online communities can be an effective channel for caregivers, especially women, to seek and offer information required for managing clubfoot-related uncertainty. To enhance communication with parents, health care institutions may need to invest additional resources in user-friendly online information sources and online interactions with caregivers of children with special illnesses such as clubfoot. Furthermore, explorations of information-seeking and information-provision behaviors in online communities can provide valuable data for interdisciplinary health research and practice.

Campo, Shelly; Lowe, John; Andsager, Julie; Morcuende, Jose A

2013-01-01

187

Remote field trips and on-line exhibitions: public understanding of research projects at the Exploratorium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science museums and science centers provide an opportunity for students and members of the general public to explore the world of science and technology through exhibits, objects and public programs. But it is often difficult to present the flavor and atmosphere of current scientific exploration in a museum setting. Recent advances in technology have facilitated the development of remote field trips to places of science creation and online exhibitions using the actual data of science research for both an on site and on line audiences. Over the past five years the Exploratorium has explored using its museum design sensibilities in combination with the Internet to present current scientific research to a broad public and school audience. Live @ the Exploratorium combines remote production from interesting scientific locations with a live studio audience on the museum’s exhibit floor to create Webcasts and Websites which provide an on-line audience with a unique fieldtrip experience. This program has visited research laboratories in Antarctica, field sites along the San Andrea Fault in California, and the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore that operates the Hubble Space Telescope. The Research Explorer project uses museum exhibit interpretive skills to create an on-line exhibition on current research data in global climate change or solar activity by providing a window onto the actual dynamic research activity available on the Web. In both of these projects the museum makes use of its content, pedagogy and design capabilities to act as a mediator between the world of science and the world of the public.

Semper, R.; Hawkins, I.

2003-04-01

188

CRCHD - Patient Navigation Information: Publications, Web Sites, and Applications  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - Patient Navigation Information: Publications, Web Sites, and Applications  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research PNP Background Patient Navigation Information Patient Navigation Concept What Are Patient Navigators? Patient Navigation

189

43 CFR 3862.9 - Public availability of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MINERAL PATENT APPLICATIONS Lode Mining Claim Patent Applications ...of information. (a) All data and information concerning...covering the public disclosure of data and information contained...request. (b) When you submit data and information under...

2013-10-01

190

Rural Adults' Use of Health-Related Information Online: Data from a 2006 National Online Health Survey  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective The objective of this study was to examine access and use of health-related information online in rural versus nonrural Internet users, using national data from the 2006 Pew Internet and American Life Project. Materials and Methods: A national telephone survey of 2,928 adults in August 2006 yielded a sample of 1,992 adults who use the Internet regularly. A structured interview was administered to assess frequency of Internet use and access and use of health-related information online. Results: Most Internet-using rural adults search for health-related information online; two-thirds seek information about specific medical problems and over half seek information about treatment. Three-fifths of rural adults surveyed stated that online health-related information affected the decisions they made in health maintenance and managing treatment of an illness. More than one-third reported being significantly helped by information they found, whereas one-fourth reported being confused. Comparisons between rural and nonrural Internet users suggested that rural users were more likely to seek information about smoking cessation (?2[1, N=1,990]=7.91, p<0.01) and mental health issues (?2[1, N=1,988]=3.71, p=0.05), less likely to seek information about a particular doctor or hospital (?2[1, N=1,983]=15.49, p<0.001), and more likely to report being helped (?2[1, N=1,534]=5.24, p<0.05)—but also confused (?2[1, N=1,592]=9.83, p<0.01)—by information they found. Conclusions: Rural Americans are increasingly using the Internet to acquire information about chronic disease, mental health, doctors, and treatment options. Priorities should include further development and rigorous evaluation of online resources to ensure high-quality, more direct tailoring of resources to rural families and development of tools to assist consumers in assessing the credibility of online information.

Gros, Daniel F.; McCauley, Jenna; de Arellano, Michael A.; Danielson, Carla Kmett

2011-01-01

191

WWC Review of the Report "Interactive Learning Online at Public Universities: Evidence from a Six-Campus Randomized Trial." What Works Clearinghouse Single Study Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2013 study, "Interactive Learning Online at Public Universities: Evidence From a Six-Campus Randomized Trial," examined the impact of interactive learning online (ILO) on the pass rates of 605 students enrolled in introductory statistics courses at six public universities. ILO is a form of online course instruction in which…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

2014-01-01

192

76 FR 34122 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: NEA/PI Online Performance Reporting System (PRS)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: NEA/PI Online Performance Reporting System (PRS) ACTION: Notice of request...Reduction Act of 1995. Title of Information Collection: NEA/PI Online Performance Reporting System (PRS). OMB Control...

2011-06-10

193

Teaching Science and Technology via Online Distance Learning: The Experience of Teaching Biostatistics in an Online Master of Public Health Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the development and teaching of a biostatistics module within a fully online distance learning Master of Public Health (MPH) programme at the University of Manchester. The MPH programme caters for students from over 40 countries worldwide and all materials are delivered via the Blackboard virtual learning environment. In this…

Gemmell, Isla; Sandars, John; Taylor, Stewart; Reed, Katie

2011-01-01

194

Setting the Public Agenda for Online Health Search: A White Paper and Action Agenda  

PubMed Central

Background Searches for health information are among the most common reasons that consumers use the Internet. Both consumers and quality experts have raised concerns about the quality of information on the Web and the ability of consumers to find accurate information that meets their needs. Objective To produce a national stakeholder-driven agenda for research, technical improvements, and education that will improve the results of consumer searches for health information on the Internet. Methods URAC, a national accreditation organization, and Consumer WebWatch (CWW), a project of Consumers Union (a consumer advocacy organization), conducted a review of factors influencing the results of online health searches. The organizations convened two stakeholder groups of consumers, quality experts, search engine experts, researchers, health-care providers, informatics specialists, and others. Meeting participants reviewed existing information and developed recommendations for improving the results of online consumer searches for health information. Participants were not asked to vote on or endorse the recommendations. Our working definition of a quality Web site was one that contained accurate, reliable, and complete information. Results The Internet has greatly improved access to health information for consumers. There is great variation in how consumers seek information via the Internet, and in how successful they are in searching for health information. Further, there is variation among Web sites, both in quality and accessibility. Many Web site features affect the capability of search engines to find and index them. Conclusions Research is needed to define quality elements of Web sites that could be retrieved by search engines and understand how to meet the needs of different types of searchers. Technological research should seek to develop more sophisticated approaches for tagging information, and to develop searches that "learn" from consumer behavior. Finally, education initiatives are needed to help consumers search more effectively and to help them critically evaluate the information they find.

D'Andrea, Guy; Lorence, Dan

2004-01-01

195

Lay information mediary behavior uncovered: exploring how nonprofessionals seek health information for themselves and others online*EC  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: This research studied motivations for, barriers to, and effects of online health information seeking and explored lay information mediary behavior (LIMB) characteristics in the consumer health information domain. Lay information mediaries (LIMs) seek information on behalf or because of others, without necessarily being asked to do so or engaging in follow up, and have represented more than 50% of

Jennie A. Abrahamson; Karen E. Fisher; Anne G. Turner; Joan C. Durrance; Tammara Combs Turner

2008-01-01

196

Information Literacy: An Online Course for Student Library Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As technology advances continue to impact K-12 schools, online education options offer alternative choices for both teaching and learning. Library media specialists, long committed to providing physical and intellectual access to instructional materials, have responded to changing needs in this online world. They had previously created a virtual…

Lincoln, Margaret

2009-01-01

197

Online support for employed informal caregivers: psychosocial outcomes.  

PubMed

The overall objectives of this project were to evaluate whether psychosocial outcomes in employed family caregivers of people with chronic disease, who participate in online support, differ from nonactive participants and whether psychosocial outcomes differ based on the format of online group support. A randomized longitudinal design comparing two types of online support groups and nonactive participants, on the basis of three principal measures, was utilized. Eighty-six self-reported family caregivers of people with chronic disease, who spoke English and had Internet access, took part in the study. Subjects were randomly assigned to professionally facilitated/psychoeducational or moderated/peer-directed online support groups for a period of 12 weeks. The setting was a password-protected Web page housed on a university server. Independent variables were type of online support groups and level of participation; the dependent variables were depressive symptoms, caregiver burden, and caregiver quality of life. There were significant differences in depressive symptoms and quality of life among nonactive participants and either of the two intervention groups, but not between the two intervention groups. Results suggest that professionally facilitated/psychoeducational and moderated/peer-directed online support groups help reduce depressive symptoms and improve quality of life for those who actively participate and that both types of online support groups provided similar benefits. Men and minorities should be targeted in future caregiver research. PMID:24284908

Klemm, Paula R; Hayes, Evelyn R; Diefenbeck, Cynthia A; Milcarek, Barry

2014-01-01

198

New Form of Identity (ID) Theft Crime: Acquiring Personal Information from Your Online Newsletter Providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using sophisticated means, Identity (ID) Thieves can acquire victims' personal information for their own deeds from online news providers. This paper discusses how ID Thieves may compile their stock of trade from Directory Harvest Attacks (DHAs) and launch the attacks against online news providers with two possible attack methodologies. This follows by an evaluation of the inadequacy of the current

Gim Hiong Soh; Timo Vuori

2004-01-01

199

Information Use in Online Civic Discourse: A Study of Health Care Reform Debate  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a study of civic discourse in online political forums. On March 23, 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was signed into law in the United States after heated debate. Some of the debate took place online, often in political forums. This study describes and analyzes the information used to frame and support participants’ opinions

Lisa OConnor; Marcia Rapchak

2012-01-01

200

Design and implementation to intelligent online exam system for course Information Resource Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared with the traditional exam, online examination system can greatly enhance the evaluation capacities, reduce the human input and improve the work efficiencies. So it has considerable economical efficiency and broad prospect. Examination is used in course Information Resource Management in order to solve the problems in evaluating. An intelligent online exam system is developed and the examination library of

Ming Xiao; Liyang He

2010-01-01

201

Soundprism: An Online System for Score-Informed Source Separation of Music Audio  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soundprism, as proposed in this paper, is a computer system that separates single-channel polyphonic music audio played by harmonic sources into source signals in an online fashion. It uses a musical score to guide the separation process. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first online system that addresses score-informed music source separation that can be made into

Zhiyao Duan; Bryan Pardo

2011-01-01

202

Online Learning and Information Technology in the Asia-Pacific Region: Perspectives, Issues, and Divides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue presents articles contributed by academics from the Asia-Pacific region on perspectives and progress made in online learning and information technology (IT). The articles discuss online learning and IT efforts in South Korea, Hong Kong, China, Taiwan, Japan, Singapore, Australia, Guam, and New Zealand. (AEF)

Hung, David; Chen, Der-Thanq

2003-01-01

203

Designing Online Information Systems for Portfolio-Based Assessment: Design Criteria and Heuristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the main findings of research about online portfolio information systems. This research focused on the educational integrity of these educational systems and the maximisation of value across all stakeholders, in particular the value gained from the automation and interaction potential of the online environment. The findings and…

Love, Terence; Cooper, Trudi

2004-01-01

204

Making Space for Informal Inquiry: Inquiry as Stance in an Online Induction Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study brings the concept of inquiry as stance to bear on current understandings of how inquiry occurs within online networks for teacher induction. The author presents a case study of an online network that allowed 36 new teachers to participate in informal, spontaneous conversations. Genre research is used to examine the on-network,…

Zuidema, Leah A.

2012-01-01

205

Accessing sexual health information online: use, motivations and consequences for youth with different sexual orientations.  

PubMed

We examine reasons why youth of different sexual orientations look for sexual health information online, and what, if anything, they do with it. The Teen Health and Technology study involved online surveys of 5542 Internet users, ages 13 through 18 in the United States. Searching for sexual health information online was reported frequently and varied significantly by sexual orientation: from 19% of heterosexual youth to 78% of gay/lesbian/queer youth. The most common reasons youth look for sexual health information is for privacy and curiosity. Sexual minority youth are more likely than heterosexual youth to report that they looked for information online because they did not have anyone to ask. Once youth have the information, no differences by sexual orientation were noted as to what they did with it. Instead, seeking out the information for privacy-related reasons and having no one to ask were related to taking some action on the information received. Findings indicate that online information is most valuable to those youth who lack alternatives. Care needs to be taken to help ensure that the sexual health information online is accurate and includes topics specific to sexual minority youth. PMID:23861481

Mitchell, Kimberly J; Ybarra, Michele L; Korchmaros, Josephine D; Kosciw, Joseph G

2014-02-01

206

Information Access through Electronic Databases for Rural Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To compile a list of recommended electronic databases for rural libraries, public library patron questions received by the Arizona State Reference Center were searched on ten databases. The results indicated Books in Print, Magazine Database, ABI/INFORM, Public Affairs Information System (PAIS), and Government Printing Office (GPO) Publications

Canepi, Kitti

1997-01-01

207

ADA Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ADA Online, from the American Dental Association (ADA), includes resources for professionals, patients, and students. The site contains membership information, ADA publications and position papers, research and recommendations on clinical issues, a catalog of handouts and posters for patient education, information for new dentists, factsheets on dental careers, licensing information, directories of accredited education programs, listings of continuing education courses, and more. The section for patients and consumers includes answers to frequently asked questions; information on oral health, disease prevention, and how to deal with dental emergencies; and special sections for parents, children, and teens. A small portion of the site is for ADA members only.

1998-01-01

208

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Online News and Information Sources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A variety of free online sources can be used by Members of Congress and staff seeking current and breaking news on fisheries, aquaculture, and marine mammals. Services identified include newswires and news services, press release services, regional and to...

E. H. Buck

2003-01-01

209

32 CFR 705.16 - Navy produced public information material.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Defense 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Navy produced public information material. 705.16...Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS PUBLIC AFFAIRS...

2013-07-01

210

32 CFR 705.16 - Navy produced public information material.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Defense 5 2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Navy produced public information material. 705.16...Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND OFFICIAL RECORDS PUBLIC AFFAIRS...

2009-07-01

211

MO/DSD online information server and global information repository access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Often in the past, standards and new technology information have been available only in hardcopy form, with reproduction and mailing costs proving rather significant. In light of NASA's current budget constraints and in the interest of efficient communications, the Mission Operations and Data Systems Directorate (MO&DSD) New Technology and Data Standards Office recognizes the need for an online information server (OLIS). This server would allow: (1) dissemination of standards and new technology information throughout the Directorate more quickly and economically; (2) online browsing and retrieval of documents that have been published for and by MO&DSD; and (3) searching for current and past study activities on related topics within NASA before issuing a task. This paper explores a variety of available information servers and searching tools, their current capabilities and limitations, and the application of these tools to MO&DSD. Most importantly, the discussion focuses on the way this concept could be easily applied toward improving dissemination of standards and new technologies and improving documentation processes.

Nguyen, Diem; Ghaffarian, Kam; Hogie, Keith; Mackey, William

1994-01-01

212

Clearing the smog? Public responses to air?quality information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent perspectives on public responses to environmental and risk communication have emphasised the interpretation, judgement and ‘sense?making’ that takes place when lay audiences receive information and advice. In this paper we consider the public reception given to air?quality information in the UK as one example of a government information and communication initiative. Drawing on elements of a wider research project

Karen Bickerstaff; Gordon Walker

1999-01-01

213

76 FR 27384 - Agency Information Collection Activity (Veteran Suicide Prevention Online Quantitative Surveys...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agency Information Collection Activity (Veteran Suicide Prevention Online Quantitative Surveys) Under OMB Review AGENCY...Veterans and their families' awareness of VA's suicide prevention and mental health support services. In...

2011-05-11

214

76 FR 9637 - Proposed Information Collection (Veteran Suicide Prevention Online Quantitative Surveys) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...10-0513)] Proposed Information Collection (Veteran Suicide Prevention Online Quantitative Surveys) Activity: Comment...Veterans and their families' awareness of VA's suicide prevention and mental health support services. In...

2011-02-18

215

Environment Online: The Greening of Databases, Part 3. Business and Regulatory Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews online and CD-ROM environmental information sources that focus on business, governmental regulations, and environmental issues. Business databases, environmental databases, environmental audit software packages, and electronic bulletin boards are included. (22 references) (LAE)

Alston, Patricia Gayle; Stoss, Frederick W.

1992-01-01

216

75 FR 29570 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment Public Housing Agency Plan Revisions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...HUD-50077-CR, HUD-50077-SL, HUD-50070. Members of the Affected Public: Local, Regional and State Body Corporate Politic Public Housing Agencies (PHAs) Governments. Estimation of the total number of hours needed to prepare the information...

2010-05-26

217

Readability of online health information: implications for health literacy.  

PubMed

Accessibility is one of six quality criteria articulated by the European Commission in its code of conduct for health websites. Readability plays an integral part in determining a website's accessibility. Health information that is hard to read may remain inaccessible to people with low health literacy. This study aimed to calculate the readability of websites on various causes of disease. The names of 22 health conditions were entered into five search engines, and the readability of the first 10 results for each search were evaluated using Gunning FOG, SMOG, Flesch-Kincaid and Flesch Reading Ease tests (n=352). Readability was stratified and assessed by search term, search term complexity, top-level domain and paragraph position. The mean reading grade was 12.30, and the mean FRE was 46.08, scores considered 'difficult'. Websites on certain topics were found to be even harder to read than average. Where conditions had multiple names, searching for the simplest one led to the most readable results. Websites with .gov and .nhs TLDs were the most readable while .edu sites were the least. Within texts, a trend of increasing difficulty was found with concluding paragraphs being the hardest to read. It was also found that some of the most frequent search results (such as Wikipedia pages) were amongst the hardest to read. Health professionals, with the help of public and specialised libraries, need to create and direct patients towards high-quality, plain language health information in multiple languages. PMID:21332302

McInnes, Nicholas; Haglund, Bo J A

2011-12-01

218

Improving Access to Public Health Information: A Study of Information Needs in a State Health Department  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Public health challenges can be better addressed if credible information about health risks and effective public health practices is readily available. The need for improved access to evidence-based public health information has been recognized by public health practitioners, researchers, policy makers, and librarians.\\u000aObjective: To understand the information needs of the public health workforce and to improve access to

E. Hatheway Simpson; Nancy R. LaPelle; Elaine Russo Martin

2006-01-01

219

International Students Using Online Information Resources to Learn: Complex Experience and Learning Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings of a qualitative study that investigated 25 international students' use of online information resources for study purposes at two Australian universities. Using an expanded critical incident approach, the study viewed international students through an information literacy lens, as information-using learners.…

Hughes, Hilary

2013-01-01

220

Online Discussion Compensates for Suboptimal Timing of Supportive Information Presentation in a Digitally Supported Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used a sequential set-up to investigate the consecutive effects of timing of supportive information presentation (information before vs. information during the learning task clusters) in interactive digital learning materials (IDLMs) and type of collaboration (personal discussion vs. online discussion) in computer-supported…

Noroozi, Omid; Busstra, Maria C.; Mulder, Martin; Biemans, Harm J. A.; Tobi, Hilde; Geelen, Anouk; van't Veer, Pieter; Chizari, Mohammad

2012-01-01

221

The Healthy Web--Access to Online Health Information for Individuals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The Internet can be an invaluable resource for obtaining health information by people with disabilities. Although valid and reliable information is available, previous research revealed barriers to accessing health information online. Health education specialists have the responsibilities to insure that it is accessible to all users.…

Geiger, Brian; Evans, R. R.; Cellitti, M. A.; Smith, K. Hogan; O'Neal, Marcia R.; Firsing, S. L., III; Chandan, P.

2011-01-01

222

An Informal Online Learning Community for Student Mental Health at University: A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a potential solution to increasing demands on mental health services at universities, this project seeks to develop an informal online learning community for mental health support and education. Students' use of the Internet and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), especially to access health information, provides a supporting…

Richards, Derek; Tangney, Brendan

2008-01-01

223

An informal online learning community for student mental health at university: a preliminary investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a potential solution to increasing demands on mental health services at universities, this project seeks to develop an informal online learning community for mental health support and education. Students’ use of the Internet and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), especially to access health information, provides a supporting rationale for this project. The design for this study is grounded in

Derek Richards; Brendan Tangney

2008-01-01

224

Conference Report: Online Information Meeting 2005, Olympia, London (UK), 29 November-1 December 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many years now the Holiday season has been associated with the gathering of information professionals in west London for the annual Online Information Meeting. The Meeting currently is organized by VNU Exhibitions Europe (formerly Imark Communication), though for old-timers it will forever be associated with Learned Information, the…

Education for Information, 2006

2006-01-01

225

EFFECTS OF USING ONLINE NARRATIVE AND DIDACTIC INFORMATION ON HEALTHCARE PARTICIPATION FOR BREAST CANCER PATIENTS  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine the effects of online narrative and didactic information on breast cancer patients’ healthcare participation and the interaction effects of race. Methods Sample: 353 breast cancer patients (111 African Americans) using an eHealth program with narratives (audiovisual and text) and didactic information (text only). Measures: healthcare participation scale (0, 4 months), online information use. Analyses: hierarchical regression. Results Narrative (? = .123, p <.01) and didactic (? = .104, p <.05) information use had independent and positive effects on healthcare participation. Effects of both were significantly greater for African Americans. Conclusions Findings are consistent with and advance prior research on online learning processes and outcomes for breast cancer patients: (1) Benefits accrue with using a variety of online learning tools; and (2) African Americans use and benefit more from online narrative and didactic information than do Caucasians. Practice implications eHealth programs should provide both didactic and narrative information—especially for African Americans and might consider making greater use of interactive and audiovisual formats. As patients increasingly use of the web for cancer information, clinicians should provide lists of web high quality resources that provide both narrative and didactic information.

Wise, Meg; Han, Jeong Yeob; Shaw, Bret; McTavish, Fiona; Gustafson, David H.

2008-01-01

226

The devil you know: parental online information seeking after a paediatric cancer diagnosis  

PubMed Central

There is a growing interest in understanding the effect that online information seeking has on patient experiences, empowerment, and interactions with health care providers. This mixed-methods study combines surveys and in-depth interviews with 41 parents of paediatric cancer patients in the US to examine how parents think about, evaluate, access, and use the Internet to seek information related to their child’s cancer. We find that during the acute crisis of a child being diagnosed with cancer parents preferred to receive information related to their child’s diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment options from a trusted health care provider rather than through the Internet. To this end, we find that access to medically related cancer information through the Internet was deemed untrustworthy and frightening. Parents’ reasons for avoiding online information seeking included fear of what they might find out, uncertainty about the accuracy of information online, being overloaded by the volume of information online, and having been told not to go online by oncologists. Some parents also had logistical barriers to accessing the Internet. While most parents did not turn to the Internet as a source of health-related information, many did use the Internet to connect with sources of social support throughout their child’s illness.

Gage, Elizabeth A.; Panagakis, Christina

2011-01-01

227

Information for Public Water System Owners and Operators  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources page provides basic information for owners of public water supply systems. It provides links to the state regulations, and information on water quality and monitoring.

2008-10-22

228

Information Policy: Public Laws from the 95th Congress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This compilation of abstract provides brief descriptions of the 74 new public laws relating to computers and information policy that were enacted during the 95th Congress. Each of these bills is concerned with information, although the diverse subject mat...

1979-01-01

229

EIA (Energy Information Administration) Publications Directory 1984: A User's Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Bibliographic information and abstracts for 97 Energy Information Administration (EIA) publications released for printing in 1984 are provided. The abstracts are arranged by broad subject categories, such as coal, natural gas, and energy consumption. A co...

1985-01-01

230

Training Users of Online Public Access Catalogs. Report of a Conference Sponsored by Trinity University and The Council on Library Resources (San Antonio, Texas, January 12-14, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the proceedings of a conference that brought together 35 librarians, network representatives, and system vendors to exchange information on the training of users of online public access catalogs. Three papers are presented: "Historic Concerns in Library Instruction: Teaching the Card Catalog," by Evan Farber; "The Nationwide…

McClintock, Marsha Hamilton, Ed.

231

Why a Print Calendar in an Age of Online Information?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 816 continuing education registrants indicated that the school could switch from a print to website course calendar without affecting registration, provided a print calendar option was retained. The school should also work to motivate more people to register online. (SK)

Barrie, Mary C.; Dahlin, Karina; O'Connor, Terri

2001-01-01

232

Online Reading Informs Classroom Instruction and Promotes Collaborative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web-based collaborative annotation tools can facilitate communication among students and their instructors through online reading and communication. Collaborative reading fosters peer interaction and is an innovative way to facilitate discussion and participation in larger enrollment courses. It can be especially powerful as it creates an…

Wright, L. Kate; Zyto, Sacha; Karger, David R.; Newman, Dina L.

2013-01-01

233

Information incorporation in online in-Game sports betting markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze data from $52$ online in-game sports betting markets (where betting is allowed continuously throughout a game), including 34 markets based on soccer (European football) games from the 2002 World Cup, and 18 basketball games from the 2002 USA National Basketball Association (NBA) championship. We show that prices on average approach the correct outcome over time, and the price

Sandip Debnath; David M. Pennock; C. Lee Giles; Steve Lawrence

2003-01-01

234

43 CFR 420.23 - Public notice and information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION...OF THE INTERIOR OFF-ROAD VEHICLE USE Designated...Events § 420.23 Public notice and information...the regulation of off-road vehicles shall be posted...to the attention of the public. A copy of any...

2013-10-01

235

Impact from US Government Printing on Public Access to Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overview of public access to government publications in terms of policy set by Reagan administration and Congress highlights Government Printing Office sales program, Freedom of Information Act, and Title 44 "United States Code" revision. Research on government publication access in depository collections and selected policy issues is appended.…

Hernon, Peter; McClure, Charles R.

1984-01-01

236

Impact of Information Technology on Public Accounting Firm Productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, information technology (IT) has played a critical role in the services provided by the public accounting industry. However, no empirical research has evaluated the impact of IT on public accounting firms. This study focuses on five offices of an international public accounting firm that recently made large IT investments, primarily in audit software and knowledge-sharing applications. Both

Rajiv D. Banker; Hsihui Chang; Yi-ching Kao

2002-01-01

237

HIV\\/AIDS Information in Public Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite well-publicized advances in the development of antiretroviral therapies, HIV infection remains an incurable condition. Worldwide, the disease threatens to gravely impact a wide range of developing nations, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, South and Southeast Asia and South America. In the United States, the poor and particularly women of color are at great, and increasing, risk for infection. Public libraries,

Gerald Perry

2000-01-01

238

A Citizen Empowered Online Platform for Communicating Climate Science to the General Public  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation introduces a project, currently in development, of a new online platform for the interaction between climate scientists and citizen. It consists of an open-access, multi-lingual, and peer-reviewed journal publishing climate articles in non-scientific language. It follows three main long-term objectives. The first objective is to establish an ever-growing, multi-lingual library of climate articles providing a knowledge base on climate sciences accessible for free to everyone. The targeted public includes journalists, teachers, students, local actors (e.g. in politics, economy, agriculture), and any other citizen from around the world with an interest in climate sciences. The second goal is to offer a simple and direct channel for scientists wishing to disseminate their research to the general public. A high standard of climate articles is enforced through: a) requiring that the main author is an active climate scientist, and b) an innovative peer-review process involving scientific and non-scientific referees with distinct roles. The third objective is to engage citizen into the climate science. To this aim, the journal proposes three channels. Firstly, citizens are invited to contribute to the dissemination of climate knowledge to the general public by co-authoring, peer-reviewing or translating articles. Secondly, they are offered the capacity to stimulate scientific enquiry by posting invitations for manuscripts to be written on a citizen-inspired topic. Thirdly, a match-up tool is being developed for scientists to gather non-scientists teams for conducting citizen-involving research projects. This platform is scientist-initiated and is meant to be ruled and managed by the participating individuals themselves (scientists and non-scientists) as an international association. It will be financed through country-varying flat memberships. The project is now starting. The basic ideas are drawn; a prototype internet platform has been developed and is operational. In a first phase, climate scientists (and their friends!) are invited to jump in for free, submit climate articles and help design its development. Once an initial content is in place, the second phase will start consisting in an active promotion campaign to reach at the general public and enroll citizens. In this presentation, I will discuss the basic ideas behind this new online platform, its current state and the plans for the next future.

Bourqui, Michel

2014-05-01

239

Online Disclosure of University Social Responsibility: A Comparative Study of Public and Private US Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public and private universities tasked with incorporating principles of social responsibility (SR) into their activities face the multiple challenges of addressing expectations of diverse stakeholders, establishing mechanisms for dialogue, and achieving greater information transparency. This article has two goals: first, to analyze whether SR has…

Garde Sánchez, Raquel; Rodríguez Bolívar, Manuel Pedro; López-Hernández, Antonio M.

2013-01-01

240

Online Opportunist: Mary Ellen Icaza--Montgomery County Public Libraries, Rockville, MD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When Mary Ellen Icaza became Electronic Services Librarian at Montgomery County Public Libraries, she noticed that the readers' services information on the library web site was invisible, even to librarians. "And if staff can't find it," she says, "customers can't." She set out to help people find that material-and to turn a "static brochure" into…

Library Journal, 2004

2004-01-01

241

NOAH--New York Online Access to Health: library collaboration for bilingual consumer health information on the Internet.  

PubMed Central

New York Online Access to Health (NOAH) is a Web site that provides accurate, timely, relevant, and unbiased full-text health information in both English and Spanish. A joint project of The City University of New York Office of Library Services, The New York Academy of Medicine Library, the Metropolitan New York Library Council, and The New York Public Library, NOAH brings consumer health information to the public in New York City and around the world via the Internet. NOAH is an example of a successful collaboration among different types of libraries (academic, public, medical society) and voluntary health agencies to use new technologies to reach a very broad public. This paper discusses the involvement of the library partners in terms of the management and funding of the site. Web site construction is described including how the information is gathered and organized. Future plans and funding issues for NOAH are considered in terms of the expected increase in the need for consumer health information. NOAH can be reached at: www.noah.cuny.edu.

Voge, S

1998-01-01

242

Social and Behavioral History Information in Public Health Datasets  

PubMed Central

Social and behavioral history is increasingly recognized as integral for understanding important determinants of disease and critical for patient care, research, clinical guidelines, and public health policies. Social and behavioral history information in the public health domain, specifically large public health surveys, has not been well described. In this study, a content analysis was performed and information model constructed and contrasted with clinically-based models for each of three widely used public health surveys: BRFSS (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System), NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey), and NHIS (National Health Interview Survey). Survey items were predominantly related to alcohol use, drug use, occupation, and tobacco use. Although the clinical social history information model was similar, public health social history demonstrated additional complexity in coding temporality, degree of exposure, and certainty. Our results give insight into ongoing efforts to integrate clinical and public health information resources for improving and measuring health.

Melton, Genevieve B.; Manaktala, Sharad; Sarkar, Indra Neil; Chen, Elizabeth S.

2012-01-01

243

Information seeking and social support in online health communities: impact on patients' perceived empathy  

PubMed Central

Objective Many healthcare organizations (HCOs) including Kaiser Permanente, Johns Hopkins, Cleveland Medical Center, and MD Anderson Cancer Center, provide access to online health communities as part of their overall patient support services. The key objective in establishing and running these online health communities is to offer empathic support to patients. Patients' perceived empathy is considered to be critical in patient recovery, specifically, by enhancing patient's compliance with treatment protocols and the pace of healing. Most online health communities are characterized by two main functions: informational support and social support. This study examines the relative impact of these two distinct functions—that is, as an information seeking forum and as a social support forum—on patients' perceived empathy in online health communities. Design This study tests the impact of two variables that reflect the above functions of online health communities—information seeking effectiveness and perceived social support—on perceived empathy. The model also incorporates the potential moderating effect of homophily on these relationships. Measurements A web-based survey was used to collect data from members of the online health communities provided by three major healthcare centers. A regression technique was used to analyze the data to test the hypotheses. Results The study finds that it is the information seeking effectiveness rather than the social support which affects patient's perceived empathy in online health communities run by HCOs. The results indicate that HCOs that provide online health communities for their patients need to focus more on developing tools that will make information seeking more effective and efficient.

2011-01-01

244

Information Technology and Value Creation in the Public Sector Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this dissertation, I study the performance impact of information technology (IT) investments in the public sector. IT has been one of the key assets in public administration since the early MIS era. Even though the information systems (IS) discipline has witnessed a considerable amount of research efforts on the subject of IT business value for…

Pang, Min-Seok

2011-01-01

245

EIA publication manual: Fourth edition. [Energy information manuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the fourth edition of the Publications Manual. It was written to help the staff of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) who are involved in the production process to create and format uniform publications that not only provide information, but readily identify the agency. The manual reflects the substantial changes that have taken place to streamline methods of producing

Neef

1988-01-01

246

Public Information and Knowledge Requisites of a Shelter System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study of public information requirements for effective use of the shelter system is comprised of three separate but related parts. The first is an analysis of the types of items that make up the minimum required public information content for effecti...

E. Bend S. Cohen C. McDaniel

1966-01-01

247

An Examination of the Public Transport Information Requirements of Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the provision of public trans- port information in Dublin, Ireland. It examines both existing and potential methods of accessing information, with particular focus on the implementation of various intelligent transport systems applications. One of the main objectives of this paper is examining the stages a passenger goes through when deciding to undertake a public transport trip

Brian Caulfield; Margaret O'mahony

2007-01-01

248

Approaches to Studying Public Library Networked Community Information Initiatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a world characterized by the use of rapidly advancing technology, public libraries are championing the rights of the individual to equitable public access to information provided over the Internet. But beyond general connectivity, libraries are also facilitating citizens' access to networked community information (CI) by actively linking users with relevant sites, by hosting pages for other service providers, and

Karen E. Pettigrew; Joan C. Durrance; Pertti Vakkari

1999-01-01

249

Shared books: collaborative publication management for an office information system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Shared Book helps the users of an office information system create a multiple-part publication and manage it throughout its life cycle. The Shared Book supports simultaneous collaboration both by allowing different workers to work on different parts at the same time and by ensuring that workers use the current revision of each part. It protects publication information by providing

Brian T. Lewis; Jeffrey D. Hodges

1988-01-01

250

Predicting the Number of Public Computer Terminals Needed for an On-Line Catalog: A Queuing Theory Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a method for estimating the number of cathode ray tube terminals needed for public use of an online library catalog. Authors claim method could also be used to estimate needed numbers of microform readers for a computer output microform (COM) catalog. Formulae are included. (Author/JD)

Knox, A. Whitney; Miller, Bruce A.

1980-01-01

251

Information Technology in Public Libraries in Kuwait: A First Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the availability and use of information technology in public libraries in Kuwait. Specific areas addressed are (1) hardware\\/software, (2) patterns of connectivity such as LANs, Internet, etc., (3) training and development activities in support of information technology, and (4) future projections regarding the use of information technology. The study provides policy-makers and information professionals with previously unavailable

CHARLENE L. AL-QALLAF; HOWAYA M. AL-AZMI

2002-01-01

252

Evaluation of online information sources on alien species in Europe: the need of harmonization and integration.  

PubMed

Europe is severely affected by alien invasions, which impact biodiversity, ecosystem services, economy, and human health. A large number of national, regional, and global online databases provide information on the distribution, pathways of introduction, and impacts of alien species. The sufficiency and efficiency of the current online information systems to assist the European policy on alien species was investigated by a comparative analysis of occurrence data across 43 online databases. Large differences among databases were found which are partially explained by variations in their taxonomical, environmental, and geographical scopes but also by the variable efforts for continuous updates and by inconsistencies on the definition of "alien" or "invasive" species. No single database covered all European environments, countries, and taxonomic groups. In many European countries national databases do not exist, which greatly affects the quality of reported information. To be operational and useful to scientists, managers, and policy makers, online information systems need to be regularly updated through continuous monitoring on a country or regional level. We propose the creation of a network of online interoperable web services through which information in distributed resources can be accessed, aggregated and then used for reporting and further analysis at different geographical and political scales, as an efficient approach to increase the accessibility of information. Harmonization, standardization, conformity on international standards for nomenclature, and agreement on common definitions of alien and invasive species are among the necessary prerequisites. PMID:23609303

Gatto, Francesca; Katsanevakis, Stelios; Vandekerkhove, Jochen; Zenetos, Argyro; Cardoso, Ana Cristina

2013-06-01

253

Public Sector Information Technology InitiativesImplications for Programs of Public Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the 10th anniversary of the recommendations published by the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration (NASPAA) on information system instruction in schools and departments of public administration, sweeping information management reforms were instituted throughout the federal sector by the passage of the Clinger-Cohen Act (CCA) of 1996. This research examines the extent to which these programs

Mary Maureen Brown; Jeffrey L. Brudney

1998-01-01

254

Sharing hydropower information through books and publications  

SciTech Connect

HRW summarizes several books and publications by hydro professionals that educate, instruct, or assist colleagues throughout the world as they work toward meeting today`s hydro`s challenges and pursuing opportunities.

Fulton, E.

1995-12-31

255

Online, Inc.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Online, Inc. site contains selections from four magazines including Online, Database, CD-ROM Professional, and MultiMedia Schools. Tables of contents, selected articles, columns, and indexes are available for these Online, Inc. magazines. General information about subscribing to and writing for these magazines is also included. Registration and program information for the Online CD-ROM Conference and Exposition, and other events sponsored by Online, Inc., is also available.

256

Trust perceptions of online travel information by different content creators: Some social and legal implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumers are increasingly turning to the online environment to provide information to assist them in making purchase decisions\\u000a related to travel products. They often rely on travel recommendations from different sources, such as sellers, independent\\u000a experts and, increasingly, other consumers. A new type of online content, user-generated content (UGC), provides a number\\u000a of legal and social challenges to providers and

Stephen Burgess; Carmine Sellitto; Carmen Cox; Jeremy Buultjens

2011-01-01

257

The Role of the Public Health Official in Communicating Public Health Information  

PubMed Central

The prevailing views on the role of public health professionals refer to professionals in the academic world, without taking into account the fact that many public health professionals are government employees. For example, the American Public Health Association states that public health professionals play an active role in communicating public health information to nonscientific audiences, such as the general population or the mass media. We propose that public health officials have an important responsibility to promote the practice of public health. However, they must do so within the bureaucracy. Any actions that public health officials wish to take as advocates of particular public health activities should be carried out independent of their role as government officials.

Regidor, Enrique; de la Fuente, Luis; Gutierrez-Fisac, Juan L.; de Mateo, Salvador; Pascual, Cruz; Sanchez-Paya, Jose; Ronda, Elena

2007-01-01

258

AAMC Publications and Information Resources: AAMC Listservs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Association of American Medical Colleges Listservs is a new web page that consolidates information about AAMC's fifteen mailing lists. Topics include AAMC activities, faculty affairs, resident affairs and medical education software, among others. Each list contains a brief description, information on eligibility requirements to join the list, and subscription information.

1997-01-01

259

An Exploratory Study of Bloggers' Information Sharing Behavior: The Role of Online Privacy Concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networking websites have become very popular with Internet users as one of the latest forms of online communication tools. Blogs, recurrently updated web pages with a series of archived postings in social network websites have been discussed as a useful information sharing platform for knowledge management in a collaborative work environment. However, blogs generate growing concerns regarding information privacy

Sangmi Chai; Sanjukta Das; H R Rao

2008-01-01

260

A Tailored Approach to Identifying and Addressing College Students' Online Health Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: College students may fail to practice information literacy skills because they are unaware of their skill level or are not concerned with the risks. Purpose: In order to develop an effective message that motivates college students to learn online health information literacy skills, a better understanding of perceptions about such…

Banas, Jennifer

2008-01-01

261

Understanding the Online Information-Seeking Behaviours of Young People: The Role of Networks of Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information seeking is one of the most popular online activities for young people and can provide an additional information channel, which may enhance learning. In this study, we propose and test a model that adds to the existing literature by examining the ways in which parents, schools, and friends (what we call networks of support) effect young…

Eynon, R.; Malmberg, L.-E.

2012-01-01

262

Relationship classification in large scale online social networks and its impact on information propagation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we study two tightly coupled topics in online social networks (OSN): relationship classification and information propagation. The links in a social network often reflect social relationships among users. In this work, we first investigate identifying the relationships among social network users based on certain social network property and limited pre- known information. Social networks have been widely

Shaojie Tang; Jing Yuan; Xufei Mao; Xiang-Yang Li; Wei Chen; Guojun Dai

2011-01-01

263

Unavailability of online supplementary scientific information from articles published in major journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Printed articles increasingly rely on on- line supplements to store critical scientific information, but such data may eventually become unavailable. We checked the current availability of online supplemen- tary scientific information published in six top-cited scientific journals (Science, Nature, Cell, New England Journal of Medicine, Lancet, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA). Here we show that in 4.7%

Evangelos Evangelou; Thomas A. Trikalinos; John P. A. Ioannidis

2005-01-01

264

An analysis of online health information on schizophrenia or related conditions: a cross-sectional survey  

PubMed Central

Background Around 20% of those who seek health information online, search specifically for mental health. However, little is known about the nature of the online health information offered by two European countries, Finland and Greece, which are characterized by markedly differing levels of Internet access and online health information seeking. This study aims to assess, describe and compare websites, written in two European, non-English languages (Finnish and Greek) that appear first after performing an online search concerning schizophrenia or related conditions. Methods The first 20 results from four search terms (searched in Finnish and Greek) in the Web search engine ‘Google’ were screened. A total of 160 websites were retrieved (80 Finnish, 80 Greek) and evaluated using a preformulated coding system which consisted of websites’ indicators, such as: types, characteristics, accountability, interactivity, aesthetics and content. Differences between websites were evaluated with Chi-Square or Fisher’s Exact tests for categorical data and independent t-tests for parametric data. Results Twenty-four Finnish and thirty-four Greek websites (36% in total) were included. Almost two-thirds (62%, n=36) were owned by an organization, compared to 17% (n=10) by an individual. In both countries, aesthetics had the highest score (possible range 0–4, mean = 2.6, SD = .62), while interactivity the lowest (range 0–5, mean = 1.79, SD = .87). There were no statistically significant differences among the accountability, interactivity and aesthetics scores of the Finnish and Greek websites. Conclusions All assessed indicators suggest there is a need to improve Finnish and Greek online information about schizophrenia or related conditions. The poor website interactivity is of particular concern given the challenges faced by the target group. The findings can be used to guide the development and dissemination of online mental health information aimed at Finnish and Greek online health-seekers.

2013-01-01

265

Implementation Errors and Information Acquisition in Public Procurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper studies information acquisition in public procurement to mitigate imple- mentation errors that arise when production costs are uncertain ex ante. The principal faces three incentive problems: ex ante and ex post information revelation and information acquisition. Optimal contracts are nevertheless characterized by simple menus, including flexible exit options. Due to the trade-off between rent and efficiency, the principal

Daniel Krahmer; Roland Strausz

266

Can public information programs affect risk perceptions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides the first controlled evaluation of how different information materials explaining the risks from radon influenced people's perceptions of these risks. Using a panel study, it was possible to observe how stated risk perceptions responded to information about indoor radon concentrations and brochures explaining the radon readings. The findings indicate that risk communication policies can be effective in

V. Kerry Smith; William H. Desvousges; F. Reed Johnson; Ann Fisher

1990-01-01

267

Cartography, Geographic Information, and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cartography is undergoing a digital transition with geographic data becoming available in machine-readable form and with the diminishing need to draw and print maps in order to communicate information. This automation will force cartographers to concentrate upon the institutional aspects of information management. Implications for geographic…

Monmonier, Mark S.

1982-01-01

268

The Next Public Health Revolution: Public Health Information Fusion and Social Networks  

PubMed Central

Social, political, and economic disruptions caused by natural and human-caused public health emergencies have catalyzed public health efforts to expand the scope of biosurveillance and increase the timeliness, quality, and comprehensiveness of disease detection, alerting, response, and prediction. Unfortunately, efforts to acquire, render, and visualize the diversity of health intelligence information are hindered by its wide distribution across disparate fields, multiple levels of government, and the complex interagency environment. Achieving this new level of situation awareness within public health will require a fundamental cultural shift in methods of acquiring, analyzing, and disseminating information. The notion of information “fusion” may provide opportunities to expand data access, analysis, and information exchange to better inform public health action.

Fleischauer, Aaron; Casani, Julie; Groseclose, Samuel L.

2010-01-01

269

Association between seeking oral health information online and knowledge in adults with spinal cord injury: A pilot study  

PubMed Central

Objective To characterize adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) who seek oral health information online, and investigate whether seeking oral health information online is associated with oral health knowledge and behaviors. Methods An online oral health survey was posted on the South Carolina Spinal Cord Injury Association website. Respondents were 192 adult residents of the US ages 19–83 years who identified themselves as having SCI occurring at least 1 year before the survey date. Results About 12% (n = 23) of the respondents searched oral health information online in the past 12 months. Significant associations between the proportion of respondents who searched for oral health information online and socio-demographic and the proportion of respondents who engaged in various oral health behaviors were not detected. However, multivariable logistic regression indicated that respondents who searched oral health information online in the past 12 months have 3.4 times the odds of possessing adequate oral health knowledge compared to respondents who did not search oral health information online (adjusted odds ratio = 3.41, 95% confidence interval = 1.35, 8.62, P = 0.01). Conclusions Given the significant association between seeking oral health information online and adequate oral health knowledge, this study suggests that online oral health information may be a potential avenue for dental health professionals to supplement oral health education in adults with SCI.

Yuen, Hon K.; Azuero, Andres; London, Steven

2011-01-01

270

Term Relevance Weights in On-Line Information Retrieval  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Term relevance weighting systems in interactive information retrieval are reviewed. An experiment in which information retrieval users ranked query terms in decreasing order of presumed importance prior to actual search and retrieval is described. (Author/KP)

Salton, G.; Waldstein, R. K.

1978-01-01

271

On-Line Acoustic and Semantic Interpretation of Talker Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent work demonstrates that listeners utilize talker-specific information in the speech signal to inform real-time language processing. However, there are multiple representational levels at which this may take place. Listeners might use acoustic cues in the speech signal to access the talker's identity and information about what they tend to…

Creel, Sarah C.; Tumlin, Melanie A.

2011-01-01

272

Understanding Informal Group Learning in Online Communities through Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since informal learning occurs outside of formal learning environments, describing informal learning and how it takes place can be a challenge for researchers. Past studies have typically oriented to informal learning as an individual, reflective process that can best be understood through the learners' retrospective accounts about their…

Ziegler, Mary F.; Paulus, Trena; Woodside, Marianne

2014-01-01

273

[Informed consent for dentistry in public hospitals, Federal District, Brazil].  

PubMed

Personal powers of decision and individuality must be respected, grounded on autonomy expressed through informed consent. This paper examines data on the actual use of informed consent in public hospitals in Brazil's Federal District. A questionnaire was completed by dentists in public hospitals, and its findings show that verbal informed consent is obtained at the start of treatment in most of the hospitals. Errors were noted in the use and conceptualization of informed consent. Failing to distinguish between image rights authorization and informed consent, the documents provide little information and do not explain important aspects of the treatment. Dentists practicing in the public hospital network thus need more detailed knowledge of basic bio-ethics in order to merge the long-consolidated and regulated principle of welfare with the principle of autonomy. PMID:18813509

Maluf, Fabiano; de Carvalho, Gilberto Paiva; Diniz Júnior, José Caubi; Bugarin Junior, João Geraldo; Garrafa, Volnei

2007-01-01

274

The Effects of Preference for Information on Consumers' Online Health Information Search Behavior  

PubMed Central

Background Preference for information is a personality trait that affects people’s tendency to seek information in health-related situations. Prior studies have focused primarily on investigating its impact on patient-provider communication and on the implications for designing information interventions that prepare patients for medical procedures. Few studies have examined its impact on general consumers’ interactions with Web-based search engines for health information or the implications for designing more effective health information search systems. Objective This study intends to fill this gap by investigating the impact of preference for information on the search behavior of general consumers seeking health information, their perceptions of search tasks (representing information needs), and user experience with search systems. Methods Forty general consumers who had previously searched for health information online participated in the study in our usability lab. Preference for information was measured using Miller’s Monitor-Blunter Style Scale (MBSS) and the Krantz Health Opinion Survey-Information Scale (KHOS-I). Each participant completed four simulated health information search tasks: two look-up (fact-finding) and two exploratory. Their behaviors while interacting with the search systems were automatically logged and ratings of their perceptions of tasks and user experience with the systems were collected using Likert-scale questionnaires. Results The MBSS showed low reliability with the participants (Monitoring subscale: Cronbach alpha=.53; Blunting subscale: Cronbach alpha=.35). Thus, no further analyses were performed based on the scale. KHOS-I had sufficient reliability (Cronbach alpha=.77). Participants were classified into low- and high-preference groups based on their KHOS-I scores. The high-preference group submitted significantly shorter queries when completing the look-up tasks (P=.02). The high-preference group made a significantly higher percentage of parallel movements in query reformulation than did the low-preference group (P=.04), whereas the low-preference group made a significantly higher percentage of new concept movements than the high-preference group when completing the exploratory tasks (P=.01). The high-preference group found the exploratory tasks to be significantly more difficult (P=.05) and the systems to be less useful (P=.04) than did the low-preference group. Conclusions Preference for information has an impact on the search behavior of general consumers seeking health information. Those with a high preference were more likely to use more general queries when searching for specific factual information and to develop more complex mental representations of health concerns of an exploratory nature and try different combinations of concepts to explore these concerns. High-preference users were also more demanding on the system. Health information search systems should be tailored to fit individuals’ information preferences.

2013-01-01

275

Information technology project management within public sector organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The project management literature contains a growing body of research addressing information technology (IT). Currently, the majority of these studies direct attention towards projects completed within private sector organizations. Given the unique characteristics surrounding public sector organizations, this paper aims to argue that it is inappropriate to apply the lessons learned from private sector organizations in the public

Kirsten M. Rosacker; Robert E. Rosacker

2010-01-01

276

Strategic Information Systems Planning in Malaysian Public Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper's purpose is to investigate the current status, problems and benefits of strategic information systems planning implementation in Malaysian public universities. Design/methodology/approach: The study uses dual but mutually supportive strands of investigation, i.e. a questionnaire survey and interviews. Findings: Malaysian public

Ismail, Noor Azizi; Raja Mohd Ali, Raja Haslinda; Mat Saat, Rafeah; Hsbollah, Hafizah Mohamad

2007-01-01

277

Economic Costs of Informing the Public on Seafood Safety Matters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The memorandum provides managers of seafood safety programs with an understanding of the economic consequences of disseminating information to the public regarding health risks. The paper begins with some definitions and discussion of terms that relate to...

M. Raizin G. M. Meaburn

1989-01-01

278

Information and Communication Infrastructure for National Security and Public Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Creating an information and communication infrastructure for national security and public safety could be central for prevention of and defence against terrorism. The infrastructure should provide robust and secure access for any authorized user of voice ...

M. Wallmark

2004-01-01

279

Towards the paperless business library: from print to online business information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online information was originally considered as a complement to the existing traditional information resources, but is now replacing them. By rethinking the whole service, cost-effective and time-saving systems have been designed, with the ability to respond to a wide range of enquiries, with greatly reduced overheads. As end-users have been encouraged by the speed and currency of the information, enquiries

Jacqueline Cropley

1986-01-01

280

Semantic interoperability between clinical and public health information systems for improving public health services.  

PubMed

Improving public health services requires comprehensively integrating all services including medical, social, community, and public health ones. Therefore, developing integrated health information services has to start considering business process, rules and information semantics of involved domains. The paper proposes a business and information architecture for the specification of a future-proof national integrated system, concretely the requirements for semantic integration between public health surveillance and clinical information systems. The architecture is a semantically interoperable approach because it describes business process, rules and information semantics based on national policy documents and expressed in a standard language such us the Unified Modeling Language UML. Having the enterprise and information models formalized, semantically interoperable Health IT components/services development is supported. PMID:17901617

Lopez, Diego M; Blobel, Bernd G M E

2007-01-01

281

Nuclear energy information flow from DOE to the public  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research was to study the DOE's program for educating the public about nuclear power and nuclear waste management. DOE's organizational structuree and the procedures used within this structure to disseminate information were studied and readability tests on nuclear information distributed by DOE were conducted. Initial information was obtained through interviews with 29 local, state, and federal DOE representatives. This was supplemented with additional information as it was released by the DOE. The primary goals of the DOE's information program are to encourage two-way communication between the DOE and the public and to encourage public participation in policy-making decisions. Most of this communication, however, is presented orally. Relative to other energy technologies and conservation, very few nuclear brochures are currently being distributed by the DOE. This is especially true with regard to information about nuclear waste. A recent public survey found that a majority of the public wants to learn more about nuclear power and that, with regard to the nuclear fuel cycle, the public wants most to learn about nuclear waste management. Thus, the DOE appears to be missing an eager audience.

Simmons, J.L.; Rankin, W.L.; Nealey, S.M.

1980-06-01

282

Teaching Information-Seeking Behavior and "Precision Public Relations" to Public Relations Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for teachers of public relations courses, this document describes the teaching of information-seeking behavior in an upper-level public relations techniques course. The paper discusses objectives, course concepts, course procedures, resources used, and the role of the instructors. It then describes secondary research projects, including a…

Bissland, James H.

283

30 CFR 764.23 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... AREAS UNSUITABLE FOR MINING STATE PROCESSES FOR...UNSUITABLE FOR SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS § 764.23...the information in the data base and inventory...types of surface coal mining operations or to have...how the inventory and data base system can be...

2013-07-01

284

Public Information Materials for Language Minorities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourteen programs that provide civil rights and criminal justice information to non-English speakers are described. The services provided by each program are summarized and a contact address is provided. The programs are located in Albany, New York; Chester County, Pennsylvania; Rockville, Maryland; Dade County, Florida; Lansing, Michigan; Laredo,…

National Criminal Justice Reference Service, Rockville, MD.

285

Publication of Geographic Information Systems in Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explains the publishing of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in the Internet, using Free Software. The main objectives of this work are: firstly to know about map servers and secondly to make an application to solve a specific problem related with GIS. The result is a web-based application that allows to access a corporative GIS from any computer connected

E. COLL; J. C. MARTINEZ; J. IRIGOYEN; J. G. SANZ

286

5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.  

...ACT RULES AND SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information for the Public § 2604.202 Index identifying information for the public....

2014-01-01

287

Online GIS services for mapping and sharing disease information  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Disease data sharing is important for the collaborative preparation, response, and recovery stages of disease control. Disease phenomena are strongly associated with spatial and temporal factors. Web-based Geographical Information Systems provide a real-time and dynamic way to represent disease information on maps. However, data heterogeneities, integration, interoperability, and cartographical representation are still major challenges in the health geographic fields.

Sheng Gao; Darka Mioc; Francois Anton; Xiaolun Yi; David J Coleman

2008-01-01

288

Alliance Building in the Information and Online Database Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an analysis of information industry alliance formation using environmental scanning methods. Highlights include why libraries and academic institutions should be interested; a literature review; historical context; industry and market structures; commercial and academic models; trends; and implications for information providers,…

Alexander, Johanna Olson

2001-01-01

289

Cohort Analysis of Online Travel Information Search Behavior: 1995-2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to distinguish changes in online travel information search behavior among genera- tional (baby boomer and Generation X) cohorts between 1995 and 2000. Although significant increases in travel in- formation search behavior were found across all cohorts be- tween the two periods, the study also found that older baby boomer cohorts reported greater increases in

SRIKANTH BELDONA

2005-01-01

290

Participatory Learning through Behavioral and Cognitive Engagements in an Online Collective Information Searching Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to investigate the relationships between college students' behavioral and cognitive engagements while performing an online collective information searching (CIS) activity. The activity aimed to assist the students in utilizing a social bookmarking application to exploit the Internet in a collective manner. A group of 101 college…

Lin, Chia-Ching; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2012-01-01

291

Information Literacy at an Academic Library: Development of a Library Course in an Online Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increase in its distance-learning student population prompted Regent University Library to consolidate the library's information literacy program into one course. The course eventually went online to meet the needs of distance learners. During course development and implementation, librarians learned what worked well and what did not.…

Lee, Marta; Yaegle, Sandra

2005-01-01

292

Information Resources on Online at the Reference Desk. A Selected ERIC Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventeen articles and reports published between 1982 and 1984 and cited in "Current Index to Journals in Education" and "Resources in Education" are listed in this bibliography on online services at the reference desk. Topics include interpersonal relations as a necessary part of the information transfer process; role of the searcher versus that…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources, Syracuse, NY.

293

Digital Immigrants, Digital Learning: Reaching Adults through Information Literacy Instruction Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As information literacy programs become more robust, finding methods of reaching students beyond the traditional undergraduate has become a priority for many institutions. At Duquesne University, efforts have been made to reach adult learners in an accelerated program targeted to nontraditional students, much of which is provided online. This…

Rapchak, Marcia; Behary, Robert

2013-01-01

294

Measuring Malaysia School Resource Centers' Standards through iQ-PSS: An Online Management Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ministry of Education has come up with an innovative way to monitor the progress of 9,843 School Resource Centers (SRCs) using an online management information system called iQ-PSS (Quality Index of SRC). This paper aims to describe the data collection method and analyze the current state of SRCs in Malaysia and explain how the results can be…

Zainudin, Fadzliaton; Ismail, Kamarulzaman

2010-01-01

295

User's Guide to SCORPIO (Subject-Content Oriented Retriever for Processing Information Online).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SCORPIO (Subject Content-Oriented Retriever for Processing Information On-line), a set of computer programs developed by the Library of Congress for use by the Library Library's staff, is described. Intended as a users guide for those not trained in data processing, this document presents the system's general characteristics together with a…

Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Information Systems Office.

296

Information Leakage through Online Social Networking: Opening the Doorway for Advanced Persistence Threats  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosion of online social networking (OSN) in recent years has caused damages to organisations due to leakage of information by their employees. Employees’ social networking behaviour, whether accidental or intentional, provides an opportunity for advanced persistent threats (APT) attackers to realise their social engineering techniques and undetectable zero-day exploits. APT attackers use a spear-phishing method that targeted on key

Nurul Nuha Abdul Molok; Shanton Chang; Atif Ahmad

2010-01-01

297

Understanding the Online Informal Learning of English as a Complex Dynamic System: An Emic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into the online informal learning of English has already shown it to be a widespread phenomenon involving a range of comprehension and production activities such as viewing original version television series, listening to music on demand and social networking with other English users. Dynamic systems theory provides a suitable framework…

Sockett, Geoffrey

2013-01-01

298

Online Health Information (OHI) Utilization among Selected Worksite Employees in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study compared Internet and online health information (OHI) utilization among selected employees age 40-49 and 50-64 years, and examined the influence of age, gender, education, and worksite. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to participants from two worksites in Taiwan. Results: A total of 527 employees completed the survey…

Hou, Su-I; Hsiao, Tun-Jen; Hou, Peng-Hsi

2012-01-01

299

Awareness and use of online information resources by medical students at Delta State University in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to present the results of a study which was carried out to find out whether the undergraduate students in the College of Health Sciences in Delta State University are aware of and fully utilize the medical databases and other online information resources within and outside the medical library. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A questionnaire and interview methods

Emmanuel E. Baro; Benake-ebide C. Endouware; Janet O. Ubogu

2011-01-01

300

Reflections of an Online Geographic Information Systems Course Based on Open Source Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

This SSCORE report summarizes our experience offering an online introductory course on Geographic Information Systems that utilizes available free\\/libre and open source software (FOSS). Two primary objectives were to (1) reach students in developing countries, and (2) to help move forward the development of an \\

Charles M. Schweik; Maria Fernandez; Michael P. Hamel; Prakash Kashwan; Quentin Lewis; Alexander Stepanov

2008-01-01

301

Developing an Online Community for Women in Computer and Information Sciences: A Design Rationale Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the evolutionary development of an online community system designed to support a developmental learning community of women ? wConnect. The goal of this community is to engage, connect and support women at different developmental levels with respect to education and career goals in the computer and information sciences. We chronicle the system’s development through design rationale motivated our

Mary Beth Rosson; Elizabeth Thiry; Dejin Zhao; John M. Carroll

2011-01-01

302

Public Health Practice within a Health Information Exchange: Information Needs and Barriers to Disease Surveillance  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Public health professionals engage in frequent exchange of health information while pursuing the objectives of protecting and improving population health. Yet, there has been little study of the information work of public health workers with regard to information exchange. Our objective was to gain a better understanding of information work at a local health jurisdiction before and during the early stages of participation in a regional Health Information Exchange. Methods: We investigated the information work of public health workers engaged in disease surveillance activities at a medium-sized local health jurisdiction by conducting semi-structured interviews and thematically analyzing interview transcripts. Results: Analysis of the information work of public health workers revealed barriers in the following areas: information system usability; data timeliness, accuracy and completeness; and social interaction with clients. We illustrate these barriers by focusing on the work of epidemiologists. Conclusion: Characterizing information work and barriers to information exchange for public health workers should be part of early system design efforts. A comprehensive understanding of the information practice of public health workers will inform the design of systems that better support public health work.

Reeder, Blaine; Revere, Debra; Hills, Rebecca A; Baseman, Janet G; Lober, William B

2012-01-01

303

Information for Rural Development: Challenge for Nigerian Rural Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights the role that innovative rural public library services can play in the development process of Nigeria to improve rural users' literacy and education and enhance their ability to use practical information relevant to their daily lives. Discusses information needs in rural Nigeria and the role of the rural librarian. (Author/LRW)

Okiy, Rose Bini

2003-01-01

304

Information Policy: Public Laws from the 95th Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of abstracts provides brief descriptions of the 74 new public laws relating to computers and information policy that were enacted during the 95th Congress. Each of these bills is concerned with information, although the diverse subject matter--e.g., energy and clean water, food and health, foreign investments, ethics in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on House Administration.

305

Recommendations concerning energy information model documentation, public access, and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review is presented of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) response to Congressional and management concerns, relating specifically to energy information system documentation, public access to EIA systems, and scientific\\/peer evaluation. The relevant organizational and policy responses of EIA are discussed. An analysis of the model development process and approaches to, and organization of, model evaluation is presented. Included is

D. O. Wood; M. J. Mason

1979-01-01

306

77 FR 13294 - Announcing Approval of Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 180-4, Secure...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 180-4, Secure Hash Standard (SHS...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 180-4, Secure Hash Standard (SHS...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 180-4, Secure Hash Standard...

2012-03-06

307

75 FR 47267 - Public informational Scoping Meetings on the Management of Bottomfish Fishery Resources within...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN: 0648-XX78 Public informational Scoping Meetings on the Management of Bottomfish Fishery...ACTION: Notice of public informational scoping...Pacific Fisheries Management Council (Council) will convene public informational...

2010-08-05

308

76 FR 70471 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the: Study of Public Housing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Comment on the: Study of Public Housing Agencies...comments on the subject proposal. DATES: Comments Due...Comments should refer to the proposal by name and/or OMB...information: Title of Proposal: Study of Public Housing...

2011-11-14

309

77 FR 28400 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Study of Public Housing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Comment on the Study of Public Housing Agencies...comments on the subject proposal. DATES: Comments Due...Comments should refer to the proposal by name and/or OMB...information: Title of Proposal: Study of Public Housing...

2012-05-14

310

Dynamic Digital Maps: On-line Publication of Representative "Local" Geology in a Plate Tectonic Setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of Dynamic Digital Maps (DDMs) offers the geologic community a combination of attributes which allow the on-line publication of spatially related, highly quantitative data, to be set in a local or regional environment which lets both professional and students make inquiry based observations, and makes these data easily available for analyses. The DDM does this by displaying analytical data, images and movies from links at sample site locations on maps or images in a friendly user interface. Macintosh-only prototypes of two of these DDMs [Springerville Volcanic Field (DDM-SVF) and Tatara-San Pedro volcanic complex (DDM-TSP)] have been used in university petrology classes; the latter program has been converted to a template from which other DDMs can be made. This DDM.Template is presently being ported to a cross-platform web-enabled programming environment (MetaCard - Revolution). An example of a map produced in the process of creating this port, the DDM of New England (DDM-NE) includes six geologic field trips and the State Geologic Map of Massachusetts, and can be obtained from the URL http://ddm.geo.umass.edu. The use of these three maps allows what is essentially access to representative "local" geology in three global plate tectonic settings: a subduction zone (the Andes, DDM-TSP), a continental interior monogenetic volcanic field (DDM-SVF) and a failed rift valley (the Deerfield Basin within the DDM.NE). Because the DDM.Template provides locations for text and captions to be inserted for use at several user levels (e.g. the professional geologist, the beginning geoscientist, and the layman or perhaps middle-school student) the use of DDMs also provides a much needed outreach mechanism for the geosciences.

Condit, C. D.

2002-12-01

311

Newborn Screening Information Supports Public Health More than Informed Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To appraise information resources on newborn blood spot screening currently available for parents and health professionals internationally. Method: Health information on newborn blood spot screening was sourced internationally through the internet and, in the United Kingdom, through health service providers and support organisations. An…

Hargreaves, Katrina; Stewart, Ruth; Oliver, Sandy

2005-01-01

312

Kidsource Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Kidsource Online is an extensive collection of information about raising children from newborns to adolescents. A sampling of the publications they've pulled together at the site includes "Children and Bilingualism" from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association; "Testing Your Child's Hearing" by Carol Knightly, Pediatric Audiologist; and the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA) Provides Tips to Help Parents and Kids Cope with Allergy Season. Resources are organized under top-level categories of Newborns, Toddlers, Preschoolers, K-12, Education, Health, Recreation, Forums, Organizations, and Guide to Best Software, among others.

1997-01-01

313

Chainguard - Online: Bicycle Advocacy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chainguard online is a site devoted to bicycle advocacy information. It is dedicated to "increasing bicycle advocacy publicity and locating and uniting cycle advocates." It links to other major bicycle advocacy pages sorted by geographic area, as well as to conferences, an article on the top ten bicycle commuting cities, and Internet Backroads, a list of cycling mailing lists and Usenet news groups.

314

Online Illegal Drug Use Information: An Exploratory Analysis of Drug-Related Website Viewing by Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the uncertain effects of antidrug media campaigns, and the ease of finding online illegal drug information, research is needed on the Internet role in disseminating drug information to youths. This exploratory study analyzes National Survey of Parents and Youth (NSPY) data on drug website viewing among 12–18 year olds (N = 7,145). Approximately 10.4% reported drug-related website exposure: 5.4% viewed only

Steven Belenko; Karen L. Dugosh; Kevin Lynch; Amy A. Mericle; Michele Pich; Robert F. Forman

2009-01-01

315

Tenth anniversary of CAS ONLINE service : What CAS services should be in the new era of chemical information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chemical Abstracts Service celebrated 10th anniversary of CAS online information service in 1990. A speech given on the occasion reviewed history of the CAS ONLINE, in relation to its most important benefits for scientists and engineers. The development of STN international, the network through which CAS ONLINE is accessible around the world, was also discussed in the speech. The CAS ONLINE now contains a wide variety of files relating to chemical field including CA file, Registry file. CA previews,. CASREACT, CIN. MARPAT, etc for supplying chemical information worldwide.

Kostakos, Charles N.

316

Monitoring and Evaluation of On-Line Information System Usage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the state-of-the-art of information systems monitoring, addressing historical and current approaches and manual and automated techniques; develops the concept of automated monitoring into a well-defined methodology; formulates methodologies/techniques/theoretical foundations for analyzing monitored data; and discusses computer based…

Penniman, W. D.; Dominick, W. D.

1980-01-01

317

Designing for Users: Online Information Literacy in the Middle East  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Librarians from Zayed University in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) report on an empirical evaluation of the relevance and value of Infoasis (http://www.zu.ac.ae/infoasis), a Web-based information literacy tutorial developed and tailored to the Arab student population of the Emirates. After the successful implementation of this project, questions…

Martin, Janet; Birks, Jane; Hunt, Fiona

2010-01-01

318

Information Networks for On-Line Bibliographic Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluates the economic and financial aspects of the application of teleprocessing and telecommunications to the transfer of scientific and technological information, especially in the context of developing countries. It was intended to facilitate comparison of the relative value of a teleprocessing network with that of other modes of…

Karlander, Bo; Sem-Sandberg, Sverre

319

18 CFR 8.11 - Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities... RECREATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES AND DEVELOPMENT AT LICENSED PROJECTS § 8.11 Information respecting use and development of public recreational...

2013-04-01

320

Analysis of Online Social Networks to Understand Information Sharing Behaviors Through Social Cognitive Theory  

SciTech Connect

Analyzing the contents of online social networks is an effective process for monitoring and understanding peoples behaviors. Since the nature of conversation and information propagation is similar to traditional conversation and learning, one of the popular socio-cognitive methods, social cognitive theory was applied to online social networks to. Two major news topics about colon cancer were chosen to monitor traffic of Twitter messages. The activity of leaders on the issue (i.e., news companies or people will prior Twitter activity on topics related to colon cancer) was monitored. In addition, the activity of followers , people who never discussed the topics before, but replied to the discussions was also monitored. Topics that produce tangible benefits such as positive outcomes from appropriate preventive actions received dramatically more attention and online social media traffic. Such characteristics can be explained with social cognitive theory and thus present opportunities for effective health campaigns.

Ramanathan, Arvind [ORNL] [ORNL; Yoon, Hong-Jun [ORNL] [ORNL; Tourassi, Georgia [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01

321

Beyond information and utility: Transforming public spaces with media facades.  

PubMed

Media facades (often characterized as a building's digital skin) are public displays that substitute dynamic details and information for usually static structures. SMSlingshot is a media facade system at the confluence of art, architecture, and technology design in the context of urban human-computer interaction. It represents a participative approach to public displays that enlivens public spaces and fosters civic and social dialogue as an alternative to advertising and service-oriented information displays. Observations from SMSlingshot's implementation at festival exhibitions provide insight into the roles of scale, distance, and the spatial situation of media facade contexts. The lessons learned apply to most public-display situations and will be useful for designers and developers of this new medium in urban spaces. PMID:24807938

Fischer, Patrick Tobias; Zöllner, Christian; Hoffmann, Thilo; Piatza, Sebastian; Hornecker, Eva

2013-01-01

322

Immunization information and population data sources: the information needs of public health practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Immunizations are an important component of the preventive services provided, managed and promoted by public health. The need to understand the information behaviors of public health practitioners related to immunizations has become more acute as health policy changes encourage the exchange of individual level immunization data between electronic health record (EHR) systems and Immunization Information Systems (IISs). We sought to

Rebecca A. Hills; Blaine Reeder; Debra Revere; William B. Lober; Neil F. Abernethy

2010-01-01

323

77 FR 20010 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Online Customer Relationship Management (CRM...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; Online Customer Relationship Management (CRM)/Performance Databases, the Online Phoenix Database, and the Online Opportunity Database AGENCY: Minority Business Development Agency (MBDA), Commerce. ACTION:...

2012-04-03

324

Information "Publics" and Equitable Access to Electronic Government Information: The Case of Agriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that making agricultural information produced by the federal government in electronic formats available through private vendors may lead to inequitable access for its users and challenges the federal government's role in the dissemination of agricultural information. An information public for agricultural information is defined, and…

Shill, Harold B.

1992-01-01

325

Online processing of uncertain information in visuomotor control  

PubMed Central

Our sensory observations represent a delayed, noisy estimate of the environment. Delay causes instability and noise causes uncertainty. To deal with these problems, theory suggests that the brain’s processing of sensory information should be probabilistic: to start a movement or to alter it mid-flight, our brain should make predictions about the near future of sensory states, and then continuously integrate the delayed sensory measures with predictions to form an estimate of the current state. To test the predictions of this theory, we asked participants to reach to the center of a blurry target. With increased uncertainty about the target, reach reaction times increased. Occasionally, we changed the position of the target or its blurriness during the reach. We found that the motor response to a given 2nd target was influenced by the uncertainty about the 1st target. The specific trajectories of motor responses were consistent with predictions of a “minimum variance” state estimator. That is, the motor output that the brain programmed to start a reaching movement or correct it mid-flight was a continuous combination of two streams of information: a stream that predicted the near future of the state of the environment, and a stream that provided a delayed measurement of that state.

Izawa, Jun; Shadmehr, Reza

2008-01-01

326

Internet Access and Online Cancer Information Seeking Among Latino Immigrants From Safety Net Clinics  

PubMed Central

Internet use is widespread, but little is known about Internet use for cancer information among Latinos, especially those who rely on safety net clinics. The authors investigated access to and intended use of the Internet for cancer information among low income, immigrant Latinos predominately from Central and South America. A cross-sectional study of 1,273 Latinos 21 years and older attending safety net clinics or health fairs was conducted from June 2007 to November 2008. The authors used logistic regression models to evaluate associations of age, acculturation, psychosocial factors and other covariates with Internet access and intended use of the Internet for cancer information among those with access. Of the sample, 44% reported Internet access. Higher information self-efficacy and greater trust in the Internet were independently associated with Internet access (p= .05 and p < .001, respectively). Among those with access, 53.8% reported they intended to seek cancer help online if they needed information. Those with younger age and higher acculturation, education and self-efficacy had higher odds of intended Internet use for cancer information, considering covariates. In addition, those with high (vs. low) perceived risk of cancer (OR = 1.76; 95% CI [1.14, 2.73]; p = .01) and higher levels of trust in online health information (OR = 1.47 per one-point increase; 95% [CI 1.19, 1.82]; p = .0004) were more likely to intend to seek cancer information online. These findings that Internet access is fairly high in the immigrant Latino population and that the Internet is a trusted source of cancer information suggest that the Internet may be a channel for cancer control interventions.

SELSKY, CLAIRE; LUTA, GEORGE; NOONE, ANNE-MICHELLE; HUERTA, ELMER E.; MANDELBLATT, JEANNE S.

2013-01-01

327

A Compendium of On-Line Soil Survey Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by scientist D.J. Rossiter of the International Institute for Aerospace Survey & Earth Sciences (ITC), this metasite lists research institutions, databases, journals, and classification schemes and models dealing with soil science. The Learning Resource page contains links to soil science glossaries, Rossiter's own course materials, as well as educational sites from University of Alberta, Cornell University, and others. The Computer Programs page takes users to sites featuring software (some free, some for sale) for soil data management, geostatistics, and topographics. The Methods and Techniques page lists manuals and handbooks (The USDA Soil Survey Manual, for example). Links to journals such as the Australian Journal of Soil Research and Geoderma can be found on the journals page. Other sections of the Compendium include Applications and Models, Land Evaluation, Digital Soil Geographic Databases, Bibliography, and a photo gallery. This metasite provides a wide array of information for researchers in soil science, geoscience, or agriculture.

328

NCI Visuals Online  

Cancer.gov

NCI Visuals Online contains images from the collections of the Office of Communications and Education, National Cancer Institute. For more information about Visuals Online, including reuse and contact information, see About Visuals Online.

329

Linking NASA Environmental Data with a National Public Health Cohort Study and a CDC On-Line System to Enhance Public Health Decision Making  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The overall goal of this study is to address issues of environmental health and enhance public health decision making by utilizing NASA remotely-sensed data and products. This study is a collaboration between NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Universities Space Research Association (USRA), the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Public Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for Public Health Informatics. The objectives of this study are to develop high-quality spatial data sets of environmental variables, link these with public health data from a national cohort study, and deliver the linked data sets and associated analyses to local, state and federal end-user groups. Three daily environmental data sets were developed for the conterminous U.S. on different spatial resolutions for the period 2003-2008: (1) spatial surfaces of estimated fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposures on a 10-km grid utilizing the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ground observations and NASA s MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data; (2) a 1-km grid of Land Surface Temperature (LST) using MODIS data; and (3) a 12-km grid of daily Solar Insolation (SI) and maximum and minimum air temperature using the North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS) forcing data. These environmental datasets were linked with public health data from the UAB REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) national cohort study to determine whether exposures to these environmental risk factors are related to cognitive decline and other health outcomes. These environmental national datasets will also be made available to public health professionals, researchers and the general public via the CDC Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER) system, where they can be aggregated to the county, state or regional level as per users need and downloaded in tabular, graphical, and map formats. The linkage of these data provides a useful addition to CDC WONDER, allowing public health researchers and policy makers to better include environmental exposure data in the context of other health data available in this online system. It also substantially expands public access to NASA data, making their use by a wide range of decision makers feasible.

Al-Hamdan, Mohammad; Crosson, William; Economou, Sigrid; Estes, Maurice, Jr.; Estes, Sue; Hemmings, Sarah; Kent, Shia; Puckett, Mark; Quattrochi, Dale; Wade, Gina; McClure, Leslie

2012-01-01

330

Public attitudes and information on the nuclear option  

SciTech Connect

The principal findings of public-opinion surveys on nuclear energy are summaried in this article. Attitudes polled include those on building more nuclear power plants, a nuclear moratorium, options for reducing risks, questions of safety and cost advantage, and the most trusted sources of information about nuclear energy. Next, some less empirical observations for interpreting these results are presented. These address the inertia of beliefs, the nature of risk perception, symbolic aspects of nuclear energy, and the feasibility of nuclear education programs. Finally, several suggestions for public information programs based on the previously noted findings and observations are made. These include a safety program analogous to fire drills, itemized electric bills, nuclear information workshops for news media personnel, and suggestions for improved communication on nuclear issues. These relatively low cost, focused efforts may be more effective than mass media information programs.

Firebaugh, M.W.

1981-03-01

331

Senate Inquiry into the Role of Libraries in the Online Environment: Submission from Public Libraries Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This submission represents the views of a newly formed organisation known as Public Libraries Australia. Formed to aggregate the political, service and infrastructure capacity of Australia's 1510 (ABS June 2000) public libraries, Public Libraries Australia will support and represent public libraries on a national basis. Networked across Australia…

Australian Library Journal, 2006

2006-01-01

332

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center Print Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Center provides a list of print publications from the ICT Center Delmar Learning Series, created by Delmar Learning and the ICT Center. Titles include Introduction to Telecommunications Networks, Basic Telecommunications: The Physical Layer, Fiber Optic Communications and Network Security. The listings for each book include links to information and sample chapters on Delmar Learning's website, as well as links to order the titles on Amazon.com.

2012-10-29

333

Emergence of Informal Educative Space out of an Anonymous Online Bulletin Board in Korea during the Global Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to understand how people learn and teach informally in an anonymous online bulletin board, the primary purpose of which is not learning and teaching. We conducted a qualitative analysis of comments and replies tagged to the most popular postings of an anonymous online bulletin board, during the global economic crisis in 2008-2009.…

Kang, Dae Joong; Choi, Seon Joo; Lee, SeungHyeop

2013-01-01

334

Are On-Line Data Bases in Your Library's Future?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FOLLOWING IS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT: Today there are over 900 on-line data banks available for public access. Most microcomputers can use them through the aid of a modem and communication program. Major public information utilities that offer access to these on-line data bases are growing and expanding. The Source, a data base utility…

Deacon, Jim

1983-01-01

335

32 CFR 700.1121 - Disclosure, publication and security of official information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Disclosure, publication and security of official information...Records § 700.1121 Disclosure, publication and security of official information...disclose by oral or written communications, publication, graphic (including...

2013-07-01

336

78 FR 54626 - Announcing Approval of Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 201-2, Personal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 201-2, Personal Identity Verification...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 201-2, Personal Identity Verification...changes in the environment since the publication of FIPS 201-1, and specific...

2013-09-05

337

41 CFR 105-60.304 - Public information handbook and index.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Public information handbook and index. 105-60.304 Section 105-60...Instructions § 105-60.304 Public information handbook and index. GSA publishes a handbook for the public that identifies...

2010-07-01

338

Intelligent Sensor Information System For Public Transport ? To Safely Go  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Intelligent Sensor Information System (ISIS) is described. ISIS is an active CCTV approach to reducing crime and anti-social behavior on public transport systems such as buses. Key to the system is the idea of event composition, in which directly detected atomic events are combined to infer higher-level events with semantic meaning. Video analytics are described that profile the gender

Paul Miller; Weiru Liu; Chris Fowler; Huiyu Zhou; Jiali Shen; Jianbing Ma; Jianguo Zhang; WeiQi Yan; Kieran McLaughlin; Sakir Sezer

2010-01-01

339

Public Requirements for Weather Information and Attitudes Concerning Weather Service.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The work and the results of a project to determine the public's requirements for weather information is described. The basic purpose of the project is to improve services. The data were collected using a telephone interview survey of a statistically repre...

J. M. Reaser

1981-01-01

340

Research and Publication Patterns in Library and Information Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research and publication patterns of thirty-four topranking researchers in library and information science (LIS) in Africa were surveyed. The researchers produced 294 papers during the 1990–1995 period which were considered for this study. The findings reveal that majority of the researchers were from universities and were based mainly in Nigeria and South Africa. The principal research centres, however, were

L. O. Aina; N. P. Mooko

1999-01-01

341

Personal information in UK public registers: its availability and use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focuses on concerns in the UK regarding the possible abuse of personal information that can be found in lists that are required to be made available to the public under statute or regulation. Cites examples of such possible abuse including a murder case where the victim was allegedly identified as a target by the murderer by means of the Electoral

Barbara Boguscz; J. Eric Davies; Charles Oppenheim

2000-01-01

342

78 FR 15680 - Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders: Public Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...informing the public that the Animal and Plant Health Inspection...Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection...budgets, fewer available resources, and the continued need...our commitment to our animal and plant health mission...will be streamed on the Internet as a live Webcast....

2013-03-12

343

Clearance of DoD Information for Public Release.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Directive reissues DoD Directive (DoDD) 5230.09 (Reference (a)) to update policy and responsibilities for the security and policy review process for the clearance of official DoD information proposed for official public release by the Department of D...

2008-01-01

344

Public Information and Abnormal Returns in Real Estate Investment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study performs empirical tests of the semistrong form efficiency of a real estate investment market. An asset pricing model is utilized to estimate the abnormal returns resulting from two types of public information, major changes in government tax shelter and rent control policies as well as unanticipated changes in interest rates. In both cases the results find an absence

George W. Gau

1985-01-01

345

Information for rural development: challenge for Nigerian rural public libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nigeria is a developing country where the majority of the population live in rural areas. The majority of these rural dwellers are either non-literate or semi-literate. The need to involve them in the national development process cannot be overemphasized. This can be achieved through the identification of the information needs of rural dwellers and the provision of innovative rural public

Rose Bini Okiy

2003-01-01

346

Information Literacy Training in Public Libraries: A Case from Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the current state of information literacy (IL) training and to identify the strategies and methods used by Canadian public libraries in improving IL skills for their staff and patrons. Also, the study sought to identify problems associated with the development of IL training. This study employed document…

Lai, Horng-Ji

2011-01-01

347

32 CFR 286.2 - DoD public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the activities of its Government. DoD...Defense for Public Affairs, is responsible...can use it to access government records. Each DoD...systems, such as the Government Information Locator...on paper and through electronic means and contain...

2013-07-01

348

National Science Foundation Project on Advanced Online Education in Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Science Foundation (NSF) Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) project # DUE-0196015 is aimed to develop innovative Web-based and screaming media-based teaching and learning technologies to be used in advanced online education in information technology (IT) curriculum. It is hosted by the InterLabs Research Institute (IRI) at Bradley University (Peoria, IL). Today, streaming media technology is one of

Vladimir Uskov; Alexander Uskov

2004-01-01

349

An Analysis of Online Evaluations on a Physician Rating Website: Evidence From a German Public Reporting Instrument  

PubMed Central

Background Physician rating websites (PRW) have been gaining in popularity among patients who are seeking a physician. However, little evidence is available on the number, distribution, or trend of evaluations on PRWs. Furthermore, there is no published evidence available that analyzes the characteristics of the patients who provide ratings on PRWs. Objective The objective of the study was to analyze all physician evaluations that were posted on the German PRW, jameda, in 2012. Methods Data from the German PRW, jameda, from 2012 were analyzed and contained 127,192 ratings of 53,585 physicians from 107,148 patients. Information included medical specialty and gender of the physician, age, gender, and health insurance status of the patient, as well as the results of the physician ratings. Statistical analysis was carried out using the median test and Kendall Tau-b test. Results Thirty-seven percent of all German physicians were rated on jameda in 2012. Nearly half of those physicians were rated once, and less than 2% were rated more than ten times (mean number of ratings 2.37, SD 3.17). About one third of all rated physicians were female. Rating patients were mostly female (60%), between 30-50 years (51%) and covered by Statutory Health Insurance (83%). A mean of 1.19 evaluations per patient could be calculated (SD 0.778). Most of the rated medical specialties were orthopedists, dermatologists, and gynecologists. Two thirds of all ratings could be assigned to the best category, “very good”. Female physicians had significantly better ratings than did their male colleagues (P<.001). Additionally, significant rating differences existed between medical specialties (P<.001). It could further be shown that older patients gave better ratings than did their younger counterparts (P<.001). The same was true for patients covered by private health insurance; they gave more favorable evaluations than did patients covered by statutory health insurance (P<.001). No significant rating differences could be detected between female and male patients (P=.505). The likelihood of a good rating was shown to increase with a rising number of both physician and patient ratings. Conclusions Our findings are mostly in line with those published for PRWs from the United States. It could be shown that most of the ratings were positive, and differences existed regarding sociodemographic characteristics of both physicians and patients. An increase in the usage of PRWs might contribute to reducing the lack of publicly available information on physician quality. However, it remains unclear whether PRWs have the potential to reflect the quality of care offered by individual health care providers. Further research should assess in more detail the motivation of patients who rate their physicians online.

Meier, Florian

2013-01-01

350

The role of public health surveillance: information for effective action in public health.  

PubMed

Public health surveillance can provide the quantitative information needed for setting priorities and establishing rational health policy. Although there are many examples of the effective use of such information, the full potential for surveillance has not yet been realized. To a large degree, failure to achieve this potential has resulted from limited perspectives regarding the role and conduct of surveillance. Both practitioners (those who conduct surveillance) and users (those who apply surveillance data in a real-world setting) have fallen victim to such myopia. Public health surveillance must be advocated as an essential part of the global health agenda if we are to achieve international goals for improving health status. As we improve our appreciation of the variety of uses for public health surveillance data, we need to understand more fully the determinants of the decision-making process. Effective dissemination of information and effective communication are as important as data collection and analysis. No longer do we have--or should we have--the luxury of collecting information for its own sake. The information collected must have a demonstrated utility. Developing and training personnel to have expertise in public health surveillance will necessarily incur opportunity costs. Bridging gaps in data methodology and coverage will force us to weigh alternatives and to compromise. We hope that the International Symposium on Public Health Surveillance will accomplish several goals. First, we wish to foster international understanding of the definition, role, and importance of surveillance in reducing morbidity and mortality, in improving quality of life, and in setting effective health priorities. Second, we hope that this symposium will serve as a springboard for identifying issues and topics that can be addressed in greater depth at future international meetings. Finally, we see the symposium as an essential step in developing a firm commitment on the part of countries, donor agencies, and multilateral organizations to develop the essential capacity for public health surveillance throughout the world. Each country should have the capacity to measure and monitor changes in health status, risk factors, and health-service access and utilization among its people. All countries should have the means to detect emerging health problems and implement measures for their control, to evaluate the impact of health policies and programs, and to communicate health information in a meaningful fashion to policymakers and the public. If we are successful in these endeavors, the long-term effects on the public's health will be well worth the struggle required to achieve them.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:1344260

Wetterhall, S F; Pappaioanou, M; Thacker, S B; Eaker, E; Churchill, R E

1992-12-01

351

Writer's Guide to Publication Development. How to Get Your Publication into an Information Retrieval System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is a set of guidelines to assist authors in preparing publications to meet two sets of criteria: requirements of federal and state government sponsors and requirements of information retrieval systems. The guidelines include both a set of written instructions and a physical model, and are sufficiently flexible to apply to research…

Jezierski, Kathleen

352

Confirmation Bias in Web-Based Search: A Randomized Online Study on the Effects of Expert Information and Social Tags on Information Search and Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background The public typically believes psychotherapy to be more effective than pharmacotherapy for depression treatments. This is not consistent with current scientific evidence, which shows that both types of treatment are about equally effective. Objective The study investigates whether this bias towards psychotherapy guides online information search and whether the bias can be reduced by explicitly providing expert information (in a blog entry) and by providing tag clouds that implicitly reveal experts’ evaluations. Methods A total of 174 participants completed a fully automated Web-based study after we invited them via mailing lists. First, participants read two blog posts by experts that either challenged or supported the bias towards psychotherapy. Subsequently, participants searched for information about depression treatment in an online environment that provided more experts’ blog posts about the effectiveness of treatments based on alleged research findings. These blogs were organized in a tag cloud; both psychotherapy tags and pharmacotherapy tags were popular. We measured tag and blog post selection, efficacy ratings of the presented treatments, and participants’ treatment recommendation after information search. Results Participants demonstrated a clear bias towards psychotherapy (mean 4.53, SD 1.99) compared to pharmacotherapy (mean 2.73, SD 2.41; t 173=7.67, P<.001, d=0.81) when rating treatment efficacy prior to the experiment. Accordingly, participants exhibited biased information search and evaluation. This bias was significantly reduced, however, when participants were exposed to tag clouds with challenging popular tags. Participants facing popular tags challenging their bias (n=61) showed significantly less biased tag selection (F 2,168=10.61, P<.001, partial eta squared=0.112), blog post selection (F 2,168=6.55, P=.002, partial eta squared=0.072), and treatment efficacy ratings (F 2,168=8.48, P<.001, partial eta squared=0.092), compared to bias-supporting tag clouds (n=56) and balanced tag clouds (n=57). Challenging (n=93) explicit expert information as presented in blog posts, compared to supporting expert information (n=81), decreased the bias in information search with regard to blog post selection (F 1,168=4.32, P=.04, partial eta squared=0.025). No significant effects were found for treatment recommendation (Ps>.33). Conclusions We conclude that the psychotherapy bias is most effectively attenuated—and even eliminated—when popular tags implicitly point to blog posts that challenge the widespread view. Explicit expert information (in a blog entry) was less successful in reducing biased information search and evaluation. Since tag clouds have the potential to counter biased information processing, we recommend their insertion.

Oeberst, Aileen; Cress, Ulrike

2014-01-01

353

Scientific Coolections: Informational - Navigational Portal for Scientific Publications Access.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At present there is the tendency of uniting efforts of scientific establishments and libraries for using information - communication medium with the purpose of information support of research and pedagogical activity in Moldova. The efficient access to the scientific and technical literature and, first of all, to the new publications, is necessary practically for all scientists and experts irrespective of a field of knowledge, in which they work. Research institutions, knowing how to receive access to the electron information and to use it intellectually, realize that it effects positively the quality and outcomes of the research process. It is obvious, that to ensure maximum utilization of the new information stream by habitual methods is impossible. New non-traditional approaches are necessary for the increase of the level of information provision of scientists and experts. Creation of electron libraries, realizing qualitatively other level of production, storage, organization and distribution of various information is the most effective way to gin this object. The access to the electron versions of scientific journals allows to reduce the acuteness of shortage of scientific literature, the electron information becomes accessible before the publication of paper version of a journal, and taking into account the delivery time of foreign issues into Moldova, this outstripping can reach several months.

Bogatencov, Petru; Kozlenco, Ludmila; Ginculova, Silvia; Keradi, Natalia

354

An Overview of Public Key Certificate Support for Canada's Government On-Line (GOL) Initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Canadian Federal Government is delivering on-line services to its citizens. A critical feature for ensuring the acceptance of these services is to ensure that security and privacy requirements are met. To this end, Canadian citizens may obtain an epass allowing them to securely obtain services through a government program web site. Technically, an epass is composed of a pseudonymous

Mike Just

355

Online Schools: A New Frontier in Public Education. Northwest Education. Volume 10, Number 2, Winter 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the print and online stories that appear in this issue of Northwest Education, teachers and students share that the intimacy of one-to-one computing has let them get to know and understand each other better than they ever could in a crowded classroom. In "Long-Distance Relationships," a blind student speaks about the uncommon bond he feels with…

Barton, Rhonda, Ed.

2004-01-01

356

A Study of On-Line Use of Job Information in Employment Service Local Offices. Volume I: An On-Line Experiment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study was an experiment in the use of an on-line placement system in Boulder, Colorado. The experiment permitted applicants to request information from a terminal on any job stored on the computer. Every long term job order received by the local offic...

M. S. Cohen

1975-01-01

357

Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS) Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

California Department of Health Services, Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS) Publications, Occupational Health Branch (OHB). HESIS offers California workers, employers, and health professionals up-to-date practical answers to questions about the health effects of workplace hazards. HESIS publications are available free of charge in limited quantities and may be reproduced for free distribution. You can read or download most of them here, You can read or download most of them here, or order printed copies by calling (866) 627-1586 or using the form on the webpage.

2008-01-30

358

Public Transport Information System for Visually Impaired and Blind People  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an assistive system for the visually impaired and blind people which helps them using public transport means. The proposed system uses mobile phones as a medium for passenger information system and GPS (Global Positioning System), GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) and Bluetooth technologies for location and communication purposes. In the proposed system sound messages are given to the blind people via mobile phones which have dedicated software installed. This system has been implemented and tested in public transport in two pilot cities.

Markiewicz, Micha?; Skomorowski, Marek

359

On-line economic optimization of energy systems using weather forecast information.  

SciTech Connect

We establish an on-line optimization framework to exploit weather forecast information in the operation of energy systems. We argue that anticipating the weather conditions can lead to more proactive and cost-effective operations. The framework is based on the solution of a stochastic dynamic real-time optimization (D-RTO) problem incorporating forecasts generated from a state-of-the-art weather prediction model. The necessary uncertainty information is extracted from the weather model using an ensemble approach. The accuracy of the forecast trends and uncertainty bounds are validated using real meteorological data. We present a numerical simulation study in a building system to demonstrate the developments.

Zavala, V. M.; Constantinescu, E. M.; Krause, T.; Anitescu, M.

2009-01-01

360

The free boundary problem describing information diffusion in online social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we consider a free boundary problem for a reaction-diffusion logistic equation with a time-dependent growth rate. Such a problem arises in the modeling of information diffusion in online social networks, with the free boundary representing the spreading front of news among users. We present several sharp thresholds for information diffusion that either lasts forever or suspends in finite time. In the former case, we give the asymptotic spreading speed which is determined by a corresponding elliptic equation.

Lei, Chengxia; Lin, Zhigui; Wang, Haiyan

361

The Design of Individual Knowledge Sharing Platform Based on Blog for Online Information Literacy Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Knowledge sharing means that an individual, team and organization share the knowledge with other members of the organization in the course of activities through the various ways. This paper analyzes the obstacle factors in knowledge sharing based on the technical point, and chooses the Blog technology to build a platform for improving knowledge sharing between individuals. The construction of the platform is an important foundation for information literacy education, and it also can be used to achieve online information literacy education. Finally, it gives a detailed analysis of its functions, advantages and disadvantages.

Qun, Zeng; Xiaocheng, Zhong

362

Online Investing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Wall Street Journal, this site provides a collection of articles offering information and advice on several aspects of online investing. Stemming from a newly published book, Online Investing, by the editors and reporters of the online version of the Wall Street Journal, the site is divided into five "chapters" covering types of online investing, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, futures and options, and tools of the trade. The articles are well written and offer very basic information for novices looking for sound information and advice on this kind of investing.

363

Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education, which began as correspondence courses in the nineteenth century and grew into educational television during the twentieth century, evolved into learning on the Web by the mid-1990s. Accompanying the rise in online learning has been a similar rise in organizations and publications dedicated to serving the needs of online

Perry, Edward H.; Pilati, Michelle L.

2011-01-01

364

26 CFR 301.6104(a)-5 - Withholding of certain information from public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns...Withholding of certain information from public inspection. (a) Tax exempt organizations...public inspection any information which is submitted...application for tax exemption is...

2013-04-01

365

Evaluating Public Health Uses of Health Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Health information exchange (HIE) initiatives are in various stages of development across the United States. They aim to bring previously unavailable clinical data from patients’ disparate health records, which may be spread over multiple provider and payer networks, to the point of care where clinicians and their patients need it most. The implications of these initiatives on public health are numerous. This article provides general evaluation methods for measuring the impact of HIE on public health in six use cases: 1) mandated reporting of laboratory diagnoses, 2) mandated reporting of physician-based diagnoses, 3) public health investigation, 4) disease-based non-reportable laboratory data, 5) antibiotic-resistant organism surveillance, and 6) population-level quality monitoring.

Shapiro, Jason S.

2007-01-01

366

Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Nitrogen and Phosphorus Knowledge Web page is offered by Iowa State University Extension and the College of Agriculture. The publications page contains links to various newsletters, articles, publications, power point presentations, links to governmental publications, and more. For example, visitors will find articles written on phosphorous within the Integrated Crop Management Newsletter, power point presentations on Nitrogen Management and Carbon Sequestration, and links to other Iowa State University publications on various subjects such as nutrient management. Other links on the home page of the site contain soil temperature data, research highlights, and other similarly relevant information for those in similar fields.

1969-12-31

367

Information Security Awareness On-Line Materials Design with Knowledge Maps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information Security Awareness, though known as a primary and important issue in the domain of Information Security, CSI computer crime and security survey showed poor security awareness training in public and private sectors. In many studies, the authors have found that the usage of knowledge maps helps the process of learning and conception…

Shaw, Ruey-Shiang; Keh, Huan-Chao; Huang, Nan-Ching; Huang, Tien-Chuan

2011-01-01

368

Lay information mediary behavior uncovered: exploring how nonprofessionals seek health information for themselves and others online*EC  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This research studied motivations for, barriers to, and effects of online health information seeking and explored lay information mediary behavior (LIMB) characteristics in the consumer health information domain. Lay information mediaries (LIMs) seek information on behalf or because of others, without necessarily being asked to do so or engaging in follow up, and have represented more than 50% of health information seekers in prior studies. Methods: A web-based survey was posted on NC Health Info (NCHI) with 211 respondents, self-identified per the information need that brought them to NCHI as 20% LIMs (n?=?43), 58% direct users (n?=?122), and 22% health or information providers (n?=?46). Follow-up telephone interviews were performed with 10% (n?=?21). Interview analysis focused on lay participants (n?=?15 LIMs and direct users combined). Interviewees were reclassified post-survey as 12 LIMs and 3 direct users when studied information behavior extended beyond NCHI search. Interview data were analyzed using grounded theory approach. Results: Surveyed LIMs were 77% female (n?=?33) and searched on behalf or because of family members (81%, n?=?35) and people they felt “extremely close” to (77%, n?=?33). LIMs reported various information seeking barriers “sometimes” to “often.” LIMs searched mostly without prompting (51%, n?=?22). Interview results triangulated survey findings regarding gender, tie strength, and prompting. Conclusions: LIMB may be related to gender and relationship tie strength and appears more internally than externally motivated. Further LIMB research is warranted.

Fisher, Karen E.; Turner, Anne G.; Durrance, Joan C.; Turner, Tammara Combs

2008-01-01

369

36 CFR 1120.6 - Information in A&TBCB publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-07-01 true Information in A&TBCB publications. 1120.6 Section 1120.6 ...1120.6 Information in A&TBCB publications. (a) General. Copies...general public. Copies of informational publications of the A&TBCB which may be...

2013-07-01

370

The Digital Revolution and Higher Education: College Presidents, Public Differ on Value of Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based on findings from a pair of Pew Research Center surveys conducted in spring 2011. One is a telephone survey of a nationally representative sample of 2,142 adults ages 18 and older. The other is an online survey, done in association with the Chronicle of Higher Education, among the presidents of 1,055 two-year and four-year…

Parker, Kim; Lenhart, Amanda; Moore, Kathleen

2011-01-01

371

Finding online health-related information: usability issues of health portals.  

PubMed

As Internet and computers become widespread, health portals offering online health-related information become more popular. The most important point for health portals is presenting reliable and valid information. Besides, portal needs to be usable to be able to serve information to users effectively. This study aims to determine usability issues emerging when health-related information is searched on a health portal. User-based usability tests are conducted and eye movement analyses are used in addition to traditional performance measures. Results revealed that users prefer systematic, simple and consistent designs offering interactive tools. Moreover, content and partitions needs to be shaped according to the medical knowledge of target users. PMID:22874312

Gurel Koybasi, Nergis A; Cagiltay, Kursat

2012-01-01

372

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel  

SciTech Connect

This circular provides information on shipment of spent fuel subject to regulation by US NRC. It provides a brief description of spent fuel shipment safety and safeguards requirement of general interest, a summary of data for 1979-1995 highway and railway shipments, and a listing, by State, of recent highway and railway shipment routes. The enclosed route information reflects specific NRC approvals that have been granted in response to requests for shipments of spent fuel. This publication does not constitute authority for carriers or other persons to use the routes described to ship spent fuel, other categories of nuclear waste, or other materials.

NONE

1996-07-01

373

An online network tool for quality information to answer questions about occupational safety and health: usability and applicability  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Common information facilities do not always provide the quality information needed to answer questions on health or health-related issues, such as Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) matters. Barriers may be the accessibility, quantity and readability of information. Online Question & Answer (Q&A) network tools, which link questioners directly to experts can overcome some of these barriers. When designing and

Martijn DF Rhebergen; Carel TJ Hulshof; Annet F Lenderink; Frank JH van Dijk

2010-01-01

374

Sharing MedlinePlus®/MEDLINE® for information literacy education (SMILE): a dental public health information project.  

PubMed

The SMILE project represented a partnership among the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio Libraries, the Gateway Clinic in Laredo, and the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District. The project focused on improving dental practitioners' access to reliable information resources and integrating the best evidence into public health dental practice. Through its training program, SMILE cultivated a set of "power information users" among the dentists, dental hygienists, and community health workers (promotores) who provided public health preventive care and oral health education. The dental public health practitioners gained information literacy skills and increased their knowledge about reliable sites such as blogs, PubMed®, and MedlinePlus®. This project fostered opportunities for expanded partnerships with public health personnel. PMID:22040242

Gaines, Julie K; Levy, Linda S; Cogdill, Keith W

2011-01-01

375

78 FR 78998 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: HUD Environmental Review Online System (HEROS)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection: HUD Environmental Review Online System (HEROS) AGENCY: Office of Community...Collection: HUD Environmental Review Online System (HEROS). OMB Approval Number...formats. Now, HUD is developing a new online tool called the HUD Environmental...

2013-12-27

376

Subjectivity of LiDAR-Based Offset Measurements: Results from a Public Online Survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geomorphic features (e.g., stream channels) that are offset in an earthquake can be measured to determine slip at that location. Analysis of these and other offset features can provide useful information for generating fault slip distributions. Remote analyses of active fault zones using high-resolution LiDAR data have recently been pursued in several studies, but there is a lack of consistency between users both for data analysis and results reporting. Individual investigators typically make offset measurements in a particular study area with their own protocols for measurement, assessing uncertainty, and quality rating, yet there is no coherent understanding of the reliability and repeatability of the measurements from observer to observer. We invited the participation of colleagues, interested geoscience communities, and the general public to measure ten geomorphic offsets from active faults in western North America using remote measurement methods that span a range of complexity (e.g., paper image and scale, the Google Earth ruler tool, and a MATLAB GUI for calculating backslip required to properly restore tectonic deformation) to explore the subjectivity involved with measuring geomorphic offsets. We provided a semi-quantitative quality-rating rubric for a description of offset quality, but there was a general lack of quality rating/offset uncertainty reporting. Survey responses (including mapped fault traces and piercing lines) were anonymously submitted along with user experience information. We received 11 paper-, 28 Google Earth-, and 16 MATLAB-based survey responses, though not all individuals measured every feature provided. For all survey methods, the majority of responses are in close agreement. However, large discrepancies arise where users interpret landforms differently, specifically the pre-earthquake morphologies and total offset accumulation of geomorphic features. Experienced users make more consistent measurements, whereas beginners less-consistently choose the same interpretation for an offset feature. The Google Earth survey, for example, shows that the average percent difference between all expert measurements is significantly smaller (19%) than the percent difference between all beginner measurements (39%). One group of students was asked to perform the paper-based survey twice - once before and once after an introductory lecture on the basic neotectonic principles. While the standard deviations for each feature were arbitrarily affected in this simple experiment, in 80% of the cases measurement uncertainties increased. In general, standardizing measurement and reporting methods will be a crucial first step towards enhancing consistency of LiDAR-based analyses of active faults and establishing community protocols for measurement and reporting.

Salisbury, J. B.; Arrowsmith, R.; Rockwell, T. K.; Haddad, D. E.; Zielke, O.; Madden, C.

2012-12-01

377

Remote field trips and on-line exhibitions: public understanding of research projects at the Exploratorium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science museums and science centers provide an opportunity for students and members of the general public to explore the world of science and technology through exhibits, objects and public programs. But it is often difficult to present the flavor and atmosphere of current scientific exploration in a museum setting. Recent advances in technology have facilitated the development of remote field

R. Semper; I. Hawkins

2003-01-01

378

Training Needs and Preferences of Adult Public Library Clients in the Use of Online Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of a study into the provision of Internet training for adult public library clients. The study, which was completed in 2008, forms part of a larger investigation into the characteristics, preferences and needs of adult public library clients in New South Wales. The aim of this section of the investigation is to…

Ruthven, Joan

2010-01-01

379

Information-seeking behavior and the use of online resources: a snapshot of current health sciences faculty  

PubMed Central

Objective: The research assesses the information-seeking behaviors of health sciences faculty, including their use of online databases, journals, and social media. Methodology: A survey was designed and distributed via email to 754 health sciences faculty at a large urban research university with 6 health sciences colleges. Results: Twenty-six percent (198) of faculty responded. MEDLINE was the primary database utilized, with 78.5% respondents indicating they use the database at least once a week. Compared to MEDLINE, Google was utilized more often on a daily basis. Other databases showed much lower usage. Conclusions: Low use of online databases other than MEDLINE, link-out tools to online journals, and online social media and collaboration tools demonstrates a need for meaningful promotion of online resources and informatics literacy instruction for faculty. Implications: Library resources are plentiful and perhaps somewhat overwhelming. Librarians need to help faculty discover and utilize the resources and tools that libraries have to offer.

De Groote, Sandra L.; Shultz, Mary; Blecic, Deborah D.

2014-01-01

380

The Damned Information; Acquiring and Using Public Information to Force Social Change.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In recent years, new and powerful legal tools have been forged to get information on social problems into the hands of the public. Yet many people who would put the information to work know little or nothing about the tools for getting it. This book attem...

J. W. Hobson

1971-01-01

381

Kids These Days '99: What Americans Really Think About the Next Generation: Public Agenda Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Public Agenda -- a nonpartisan, nonprofit research organization devoted to public opinion, policy analysis, and citizen education (see the February 23, 1999 Scout Report for Social Sciences) -- has recently released a report based on the findings of a national survey of American attitudes toward children and teenagers. The 1999 report, a follow-up to Public Agenda's 1997 benchmark survey, concludes "that the public continues to be disturbed by the lack of values such as honesty, civility, and responsibility in America's youth." Key findings from the survey are presented as graphs, tables, and charts in seven discrete sections within the report: Negative Reactions, A Focus on Values and Respect, Putting the Blame on Parents, Difficult Circumstances, Little Willingness to Write off Kids, The Role of Government, and Positive Attitudes among Teens. Kids These Days '99 is the second of five tracking surveys on America's youth conducted by Public Agenda, with three more scheduled before 2002.

382

An On-line Technology Information System (OTIS) for Advanced Life Support  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

OTIS is an on-line communication platform designed for smooth flow of technology information between advanced life support (ALS) technology developers, researchers, system analysts, and managers. With pathways for efficient transfer of information, several improvements in the ALS Program will result. With OTIS, it will be possible to provide programmatic information for technology developers and researchers, technical information for analysts, and managerial decision support. OTIS is a platform that enables the effective research, development, and delivery of complex systems for life support. An electronic data collection form has been developed for the solid waste element, drafted by the Solid Waste Working Group. Forms for other elements (air revitalization, water recovery, food processing, biomass production and thermal control) will also be developed, based on lessons learned from the development of the solid waste form. All forms will be developed by consultation with other working groups, comprised of experts in the area of interest. Forms will be converted to an on-line data collection interface that technology developers will use to transfer information into OTIS. Funded technology developers will log in to OTIS annually to complete the element- specific forms for their technology. The type and amount of information requested expands as the technology readiness level (TRL) increases. The completed forms will feed into a regularly updated and maintained database that will store technology information and allow for database searching. To ensure confidentiality of proprietary information, security permissions will be customized for each user. Principal investigators of a project will be able to designate certain data as proprietary and only technical monitors of a task, ALS Management, and the principal investigator will have the ability to view this information. The typical OTIS user will be able to read all non-proprietary information about all projects.Interaction with the database will occur over encrypted connections, and data will be stored on the server in an encrypted form. Implementation of OTIS will initiate a community-accessible repository of technology development information. With OTIS, ALS element leads and managers will be able to carry out informed technology selection for programmatic decisions. OTIS will also allow analysts to make accurate evaluations of technology options. Additionally, the range and specificity of information solicited will help educate technology developers of program needs. With augmentation, OTIS reporting is capable of replacing the current fiscal year-end reporting process. Overall, the system will enable more informed R&TD decisions and more rapid attainment of ALS Program goals.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hogan, John A.; Rodriquez, Luis

2003-01-01

383

Information Filtering in Sparse Online Systems: Recommendation via Semi-Local Diffusion  

PubMed Central

With the rapid growth of the Internet and overwhelming amount of information and choices that people are confronted with, recommender systems have been developed to effectively support users’ decision-making process in the online systems. However, many recommendation algorithms suffer from the data sparsity problem, i.e. the user-object bipartite networks are so sparse that algorithms cannot accurately recommend objects for users. This data sparsity problem makes many well-known recommendation algorithms perform poorly. To solve the problem, we propose a recommendation algorithm based on the semi-local diffusion process on the user-object bipartite network. The simulation results on two sparse datasets, Amazon and Bookcross, show that our method significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art methods especially for those small-degree users. Two personalized semi-local diffusion methods are proposed which further improve the recommendation accuracy. Finally, our work indicates that sparse online systems are essentially different from the dense online systems, so it is necessary to reexamine former algorithms and conclusions based on dense data in sparse systems.

Zeng, Wei; Zeng, An; Shang, Ming-Sheng; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

2013-01-01

384

User-centred design of neogeography: the impact of volunteered geographic information on users' perceptions of online map 'mashups'.  

PubMed

This paper investigates the influence of presenting volunteered and professionally created geographic information to 101 wheelchair users through an interactive website that included information collected by wheelchair-using volunteers. The aim of this experiment was to understand the influence that (1) knowing a map-based website contains volunteered information and (2) actually including volunteered information within an online interactive map (a mashup) have on the perceived trust of the user, described in terms of quality and authority. Analysis using Kruskal-Wallis showed that judgements of currency were influenced by including geo-information from untrained volunteers (volunteered geographic information) within the mashup, but not influenced by the participant being told that the online map contained volunteered information. The participants appeared to make judgements based on what information they saw, rather than what they were told about the source of the information. PMID:24827070

Parker, Christopher J; May, Andrew; Mitchell, Val

2014-07-01

385

Bringing Nano to the Public through Informal Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Researchers in nanoscale science and engineering communicate all the time. We give talks, present lectures, and write papers regularly. But the general public---the consumers who will use the products of our work and the voters who indirectly set the national research agenda---do not often hear us. Informal science education---including museums, TV, public lectures, popular press, etc.---is a way to connect with broader audiences in a variety of fun and effective ways. Museums, which are visited by hundreds of millions of people each year in the U.S., are popular because they are skilled at making abstract and complex phenomena comprehensible to people from all walks of life and at making the whole experience fun. This talk will provide an introduction the ``informal science education'' field, discuss the art of honing your message into clear and realistic learning goals, describe methods for understanding your audience and their background, and help researchers to appreciate the limits of what can be learned in one experience. It will also review what the public currently understands about nanoscale science and engineering and the challenges that these (mis)understandings create for museums and researchers.

Crone, Wendy

2008-03-01

386

Quality of online health information about oral contraceptives from Hebrew-language websites  

PubMed Central

Background The Internet is a frequently used source of health information. Adolescents in particular seem to be receptive to online health information (OHI) and often incorporate such information in their decision-making processes. Yet, OHI is often incomplete, inaccurate, or unreliable. This study assessed the quality of Hebrew online (non-user-generated) content on oral contraceptives (OC), with regard to accuracy/completeness, credibility, and usability. Methods Twenty-nine websites in Hebrew, including those of the four Israeli HMOs, were identified and evaluated. The websites were categorized as: HMO, health portal, contraception-specific, promotional-commercial, and life style and women’s health. A set of established content parameters was selected by a family planning expert to assess accuracy/completeness. The Health on the Net Foundation Code of Conduct (HONcode) principles were used to assess the websites’ reliability. Usability was assessed by applying items selected from the Minervation Validation and the University of Michigan’s ?Website Evaluation checklist? scale. Mean scores, standard deviations (SD), and ranges were calculated for all websites and for category-specific websites. Correlation between dimensions and Inter-rater reliability were also examined. Results The mean score for accuracy/completeness was 50.9% for all websites (SD=30.1%, range 8–100%). Many websites failed to provide complete information, or provided inaccurate information regarding what to do when a pill is missed and when to use back–up methods. The average credibility score for all websites was 70.6% (SD=15.1, range=38=98%). The credibility parameters that were most commonly absent were funding source, authoring, date of content creation and last modification, explicit reference to evidence-based information, and references and citations. The average usability score for all websites was 94.5% (SD=6.9%, range 79–100%). A weak correlation was found between the three quality parameters assessed. Conclusions Wide variation was noted in the quality of Hebrew-language OC websites. HMOs’ websites scored highest on credibility and usability, and contraceptive-specific websites exhibited the greatest accuracy/completeness. The findings highlight the need to establish quality guidelines for health website content, train health care providers in assisting their patients to seek high quality OHI, and strengthen e-health literacy skills among online-information seekers, including perhaps health professionals.

2012-01-01

387

Informing the public on space sciences in Hungary  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With an experience of almost 50 years in the dissemination of information to the Hungarian public on space related results and events the author summarizes some personal conclusions concerning the most effective methods and most frequent difficulties of this kind of activity. A special emphasis is laid on the requirement to use the language of the country (in our case Hungarian) to facilitate public understanding - how to find proper Hungarian expressions to frequently used scientific and space terms. A reference is made to the 16 language Multilingual Space Dictionary of the International Academy of Sciences (the author is guest editor of the Dictionary) distributed free of charge on the previous World Space Congress. Another important factor is the role of non-governmental societies in the teaching of space science to the public; some initiatives of the Hungarian Astronautical Society are reviewed which proved to be successful in the last four decades. Finally the recent problems and opportunities for outreach programs appearing with the wide-spread public use of the Internet are discussed.

Almar, I.

388

What the Public Was Saying about the H1N1 Vaccine: Perceptions and Issues Discussed in On-Line Comments during the 2009 H1N1 Pandemic  

PubMed Central

During the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, a vaccine was made available to all Canadians. Despite efforts to promote vaccination, the public's intent to vaccinate remained low. In order to better understand the public's resistance to getting vaccinated, this study addressed factors that influenced the public's decision making about uptake. To do this, we used a relatively novel source of qualitative data – comments posted on-line in response to news articles on a particular topic. This study analysed 1,796 comments posted in response to 12 articles dealing with H1N1 vaccine on websites of three major Canadian news sources. Articles were selected based on topic and number of comments. A second objective was to assess the extent to which on-line comments can be used as a reliable data source to capture public attitudes during a health crisis. The following seven themes were mentioned in at least 5% of the comments (% indicates the percentage of comments that included the theme): fear of H1N1 (18.8%); responsibility of media (17.8%); government competency (17.7%); government trustworthiness (10.7%); fear of H1N1 vaccine (8.1%); pharmaceutical companies (7.6%); and personal protective measures (5.8%). It is assumed that the more frequently a theme was mentioned, the more that theme influenced decision making about vaccination. These key themes for the public were often not aligned with the issues and information officials perceived, and conveyed, as relevant in the decision making process. The main themes from the comments were consistent with results from surveys and focus groups addressing similar issues, which suggest that on-line comments do provide a reliable source of qualitative data on attitudes and perceptions of issues that emerge in a health crisis. The insights derived from the comments can contribute to improved communication and policy decisions about vaccination in health crises that incorporate the public's views.

Henrich, Natalie; Holmes, Bev

2011-01-01

389

77 FR 35683 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Public Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; Public Health Service Guideline on Infectious...of information contained in the Public Health Service (PHS) guideline entitled...guideline is intended to address public health issues raised by...

2012-06-14

390

76 FR 25695 - Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Messaging Guide for Syndromic Surveillance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. CDC-2011-0004] Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Messaging...comments to the following address: Public Health Informatics and Technology Program...for a representative from the Public Health Informatics and Technology...

2011-05-05

391

36 CFR 228.6 - Availability of information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for examination by the public at the Office of the...will not be available for public examination. Information and data to be withheld from public examination may include...deposits and their location, attitude, extent, outcrops,...

2010-07-01

392

36 CFR 228.6 - Availability of information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for examination by the public at the Office of the...will not be available for public examination. Information and data to be withheld from public examination may include...deposits and their location, attitude, extent, outcrops,...

2009-07-01

393

75 FR 71434 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection...invites the general public and other Federal...Telecommunication Union's (ITU's) Telecommunications Sector, which is the standards-setting...telecommunications services to the public. OMB Control...

2010-11-23

394

An On-Line Technology Information System (OTIS) for Advanced Life Support  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An On-line Technology Information System (OTIS) is currently being developed for the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. This paper describes the preliminary development of OTIS, which is a system designed to provide centralized collection and organization of technology information. The lack of thorough, reliable and easily understood technology information is a major obstacle in effective assessment of technology development progress, trade studies, metric calculations, and technology selection for integrated testing. OTIS will provide a formalized, well-organized protocol to communicate thorough, accurate, current and relevant technology information between the hands-on technology developer and the ALS Community. The need for this type of information transfer system within the Solid Waste Management (SWM) element was recently identified and addressed. A SWM Technology Information Form (TIF) was developed specifically for collecting detailed technology information in the area of SWM. In the TIF, information is requested from SWM technology developers, based upon the Technology Readiness Level (TRL). Basic information is requested for low-TRL technologies, and more detailed information is requested as the TRL of the technology increases. A comparable form is also being developed for the wastewater processing element. In the future, similar forms will also be developed for the ALS elements of air revitalization, food processing, biomass production and thermal control. These ALS element-specific forms will be implemented in OTIS via a web-accessible interface,with the data stored in an object-oriented relational database (created in MySQLTM) located on a secure server at NASA Ames Research Center. With OTIS, ALS element leads and managers will be able to carry out informed research and development investment, thereby promoting technology through the TRL scale. OTIS will also allow analysts to make accurate evaluations of technology options. Additionally, the range and specificity of information solicited will help educate technology developers of programmatic needs.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hoganm John A.; Rodriquez, Luis

2003-01-01

395

Informed choice about breast cancer prevention: randomized controlled trial of an online decision aid intervention  

PubMed Central

Introduction Tamoxifen and raloxifene are chemopreventive drugs that can reduce women's relative risk of primary breast cancer by 50%; however, most women eligible for these drugs have chosen not to take them. The reasons for low uptake may be related to women's knowledge or attitudes towards the drugs. We aimed to examine the impact of an online breast cancer chemoprevention decision aid (DA) on informed intentions and decisions of women at high risk of breast cancer. Methods We conducted a randomized clinical trial, assessing the effect of a DA about breast cancer chemoprevention on informed choices about chemoprevention. Women (n = 585), 46- to 74-years old old, completed online baseline, post-test, and three-month follow-up questionnaires. Participants were randomly assigned to either an intervention group, a standard control group that answered questions about chemoprevention at baseline, or a three-month control group that did not answer questions about chemoprevention at baseline. The main outcome measures were whether women's intentions and decisions regarding chemoprevention drugs were informed, and whether women who viewed the DA were more likely to make informed decisions than women who did not view the DA, using a dichotomous composite variable 'informed choice' (yes/no) to classify informed decisions as those reflecting sufficient knowledge and concordance between a woman's decision and relevant attitudes. Results Analyses showed that more intervention than standard control participants (52.7% versus 5.9%) made informed decisions at post-test, P <0.001. At the three-month follow-up, differences in rates of informed choice between intervention (16.9%) and both control groups (11.8% and 8.0%) were statistically non-significant, P = 0.067. Conclusions The DA increased informed decision making about breast cancer chemoprevention, although the impact on knowledge diminished over time. This study was not designed to determine how much knowledge decision makers must retain over time. Examining informed decisions increases understanding of the impact of DAs. A standard for defining and measuring sufficient knowledge for informed decisions is needed. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00967824

2013-01-01

396

38 CFR 26.9 - Information on and public participation in VA environmental process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Information on and public participation in VA environmental process. 26.9 Section 26.9...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS...Information on and public participation in VA environmental process. (a) During the...

2013-07-01

397

The Healthnet project: extending online information resources to end users in rural hospitals.  

PubMed Central

The importance of easily available, high quality, and current biomedical literature within the clinical enterprise is now widely documented and accepted. Access to this information has been shown to have a direct bearing on diagnosis, choices of tests, choices of drugs, and length of hospital stay. However, many health professionals do not have adequate access to current health information, particularly those practicing in rural, isolated, or underserved hospitals. Thanks to a three-year telemedicine award from the National Library of Medicine, The University of Iowa (UI) has developed a high-speed, point-to-point telecommunications network to deliver clinical and educational applications to ten community-based Iowa hospitals. One of the services offered over the network allows health professionals from the site hospitals to access online health databases and order articles via an online document delivery service. Installation, training, and troubleshooting support are provided to the remote sites by UI project staff. To date, 1,339 health professionals from the ten networked hospitals have registered to use the Healthnet program. Despite the friendly interface on the computer workstations installed at the sites, training emerged as the key issue in maximizing health professional utilization of these programs.

Holtum, E; Zollo, S A

1998-01-01

398

Use of Online Information Resources by RMIT University Economics, Finance, and Marketing Students Participating in a Cooperative Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the use of online information resources by Economics, Finance, and Marketing 3rd year students in a cooperative education program and explores some possible factors and issues that influence how students use these resources. The nature of Work Integrated Learning (WIL) programs, the business information environment, and the…

Costa, Cathy

2009-01-01

399

Understanding the Intention of Information Contribution to Online Feedback Systems from Social Exchange and Motivation Crowding Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The online feedback system (OFS) has been touted to be an effective artifact for electronic word-of-mouth (EWOM). Accumulating sufficient detailed consumption information in the OFS is essential to the success of OFS. Yet, past research has focused on the effects of OFS on building trust and promoting sales and little knowledge about information provision to OFS has been developed. This

Yu Tong; Xinwei Wang; Hock-hai Teo

2007-01-01

400

Inquiring minds acquiring wellness: uses of online and offline sources for health information.  

PubMed

Variation in ability to access and use health information is a key pathway through which social status may impact health. Digital media offer new opportunities for health information seeking, potentially lowering barriers to such content. Using a data set with nuanced information about what sources a diverse group of college students consults for different types of health material, coupled with detailed measures of Internet experiences, this article explores factors related to where young adults turn for health content. Results suggest considerable sex differences in practices across sources of health information. We also find differences in Hispanic students' actions based on parents' country of origin across sources. Finally, challenging assumptions about the universal savvy of young adults, findings suggest that those who are more highly skilled with the Internet are more likely to use it for health information seeking, and Internet experiences are especially important for explaining who turns to online discussions in this realm. Our findings not only contribute to a better understanding of health information seeking and health inequality, but also point to possible sites of intervention to ameliorate health disparities. PMID:21932982

Dobransky, Kerry; Hargittai, Eszter

2012-01-01

401

An on-line information system for radioisotope thermal generator production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An on-line production information system has been designed to support radioisotope thermal generator assembly and testing in a new facility being built at the Department of Energy Hanford Site in Washington State. This system is intended to make handling the large volumes of information associated with radioisotope thermal generator production and certification more efficient with less opportunity for error than traditional paper methods. It provides for tracking materials, implementing work procedures directly from computer terminals, and cross referencing among materials, procedures, and other documents related to production. This system will be implemented on a network of microcomputers using UNIXTM for its operating system. It has been designed to allow increased capabilities to be added as operating experience with the new facility dictates.

Kiebel, Gary R.; Wiemers, Michael J.

1991-01-01

402

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel  

SciTech Connect

The circular has been prepared to provide information on the shipment of irradiated reactor fuel (spent fuel) subject to regulation by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). It provides a brief description of spent fuel shipment safety and safeguards requirements of general interest, a summary of data for 1979--1991 highway and railway shipments, and a listing, by State, of recent highway and railway shipment routes. The enclosed route information reflects specific NRC approvals that have been granted in response to requests for shipments of spent fuel. This publication does not constitute authority for carriers or other persons to use the routes described to ship spent fuel, other categories of nuclear waste, or other materials.

Not Available

1992-06-01

403

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel  

SciTech Connect

This circular has been prepared to provide information on the shipment of irradiated reactor fuel (spent fuel) subject to regulation by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). It provides a brief description of spent fuel shipment safety and safeguards requirements of general interest, a summary of data for 1979--1989 highway and railway shipments, and a listing, by State, of recent highway and railway shipment routes. The enclosed route information reflects specific NRC approvals that have been granted in response to requests for shipments of spent fuel. This publication does not constitute authority for carriers or other persons to use the routes described to ship spent fuel, other categories of nuclear waste, or other materials. 11 figs., 3 tabs.

Not Available

1991-01-01

404

76 FR 68518 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From Federally Funded Research...access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that result from federally funded scientific...Force on Public Access to Scholarly Publications. Release Date: November 3,...

2011-11-04

405

76 FR 80418 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From Federally Funded Research...access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that result from federally funded scientific...Force on Public Access to Scholarly Publications. Release Date: November 3,...

2011-12-23

406

The Influence of Online Comments on Perceptions of Antimarijuana Public Service Announcements on YouTube  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web-based media often present multiple sources of influence, such as mass media and peers, within one interface. When individuals identify with peers who are visually anonymous and with whom they do not directly interact, they should be susceptible to social influence from that group. This study examined the interplay among antimarijuana public

Walther, Joseph B.; DeAndrea, David; Kim, Jinsuk; Anthony, James C.

2010-01-01

407

Superfund Public Information System (SPIS), June 1998 (on CD-ROM). Data file  

SciTech Connect

The Superfund Public Information System (SPIS) on CD-ROM contains Superfund data for the United States Environmental Protection Agency. The Superfund data is a collection of four databases, CERCLIS, Archive (NFRAP), RODS, and NPL Sites. Descriptions of these databases and CD contents are listed below. The FolioViews browse and retrieval engine is used as a graphical interface to the data. Users can access simple queries and can do complex searching on key words or fields. In addition, context sensitive help, a Superfund process overview, and an integrated data dictionary are available. RODS is the Records Of Decision System. RODS is used to track site clean-ups under the Superfund program to justify the type of treatment chosen at each site. RODS contains information on technology justification, site history, community participation, enforcement activities, site characteristics, scope and role of response action, and remedy. Explanation of Significant Differences (ESDs) are also available on the CD. CERCLIS is the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Information System. It is the official repository for all Superfund site and incident data. It contains comprehensive information on hazardous waste sites, site inspections, preliminary assessments, and remedial status. The system is sponsored by the EPA`s Office of Emergency and Remedial Response, Information Management Center. Archive (NFRAP) consists of hazardous waste sites that have no further remedial action planned; only basic identifying information is provided for archive sites. The sites found in the Archive database were originally in the CERCLIS database, but were removed beginning in the fall of 1995. NPL sites (available online) are fact sheets that describe the location and history of Superfund sites. Included are descriptions of the most recent activities and past actions at the sites that have contributed to the contamination. Population estimates, land usages, and nearby resources give background on the local setting surrounding a site.

NONE

1998-06-01

408

Architecture and Functionality of the Advanced Life Support On-Line Project Information System (OPIS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An ongoing effort is underway at NASA Amcs Research Center (ARC) tu develop an On-line Project Information System (OPIS) for the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. The objective of this three-year project is to develop, test, revise and deploy OPIS to enhance the quality of decision-making metrics and attainment of Program goals through improved knowledge sharing. OPIS will centrally locate detailed project information solicited from investigators on an annual basis and make it readily accessible by the ALS Community via a web-accessible interface. The data will be stored in an object-oriented relational database (created in MySQL(Trademark) located on a secure server at NASA ARC. OPE will simultaneously serve several functions, including being an R&TD status information hub that can potentially serve as the primary annual reporting mechanism. Using OPIS, ALS managers and element leads will be able to carry out informed research and technology development investment decisions, and allow analysts to perform accurate systems evaluations. Additionally, the range and specificity of information solicited will serve to educate technology developers of programmatic needs. OPIS will collect comprehensive information from all ALS projects as well as highly detailed information specific to technology development in each ALS area (Waste, Water, Air, Biomass, Food, Thermal, and Control). Because the scope of needed information can vary dramatically between areas, element-specific technology information is being compiled with the aid of multiple specialized working groups. This paper presents the current development status in terms of the architecture and functionality of OPIS. Possible implementation approaches for OPIS are also discussed.

Hogan, John A.; Levri, Julie A.; Morrow, Rich; Cavazzoni, Jim; Rodriquez, Luis F.; Riano, Rebecca; Whitaker, Dawn R.

2004-01-01

409

Architecture and Functionality of the Advanced Life Support On-Line Project Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An ongoing effort is underway at NASA Ames Research Center (ARC) to develop an On-line Project Information System (OPIS) for the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. The objective of this three-year project is to develop, test, revise and deploy OPIS to enhance the quality of decision-making metrics and attainment of Program goals through improved knowledge sharing. OPIS will centrally locate detailed project information solicited from investigators on an annual basis and make it readily accessible by the ALS Community via a Web-accessible interface. The data will be stored in an object-oriented relational database (created in MySQL) located on a secure server at NASA ARC. OPE will simultaneously serve several functions, including being an research and technology development (R&TD) status information hub that can potentially serve as the primary annual reporting mechanism for ALS-funded projects. Using OPIS, ALS managers and element leads will be able to carry out informed R&TD investment decisions, and allow analysts to perform accurate systems evaluations. Additionally, the range and specificity of information solicited will serve to educate technology developers of programmatic needs. OPIS will collect comprehensive information from all ALS projects as well as highly detailed information specific to technology development in each ALS area (Waste, Water, Air, Biomass, Food, Thermal, Controls and Systems Analysis). Because the scope of needed information can vary dramatically between areas, element-specific technology information is being compiled with the aid of multiple specialized working groups. This paper presents the current development status in terms of the architecture and functionality of OPIS. Possible implementation approaches for OPIS are also discussed.

Hogan, John A.; Levri, Julie A.; Morrow, Rich; Cavazzoni, Jim; Rodriguez, Luis F.; Riano, Rebecca; Whitaker, Dawn R.

2004-01-01

410

Mediterranean Prehistory Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new online journal, which focuses on the prehistory and protohistory of the Mediterranean Basin, is published as an integrated part of the European Commission's Early Prehistoric Migrations project. As with many other online academic journals, Mediterranean Prehistory Online will select papers not only for their academic content but also for their use "of the opportunities provided by electronic publication and the HTML files." Article topics will include the results of archaeological research, data analyses, discussions on the information technologies and archaeology, as well as book and software reviews. Currently, abstracts and full-text are available for six articles. Topics include exploitation of Obsidian for tool making in the Italian Peninsula, the Early Upper Paleolithic of Croatia, and the extinction of Iberian Neandertals. In addition to articles, the site features an Arch News section and a collection of related links.

411

Uses and Gratifications of Online Information Sources: Political Information Efficacy and the Effects of Interactivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are two distinct purposes to this investigation: to develop the predictive power of the theory of political information efficacy and to determine how exposure to political information formats on the Internet under distinctly different interactive conditions affects cognitive and affective processes. Examined in the first section of this…

Painter, David Lynn

2011-01-01

412

On-line Technology Information System (OTIS): Solid Waste Management Technology Information Form (SWM TIF)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Contents include the following: What is OTIS? OTIS use. Proposed implementation method. Development history of the Solid Waste Management (SWM) Technology Information Form (TIF) and OTIS. Current development state of the SWM TIF and OTIS. Data collection approach. Information categories. Critiques/questions/feedback.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hogan, John A.; Rodriguez, Luis

2003-01-01

413

Online Social Networking Issues Within Academia and Pharmacy Education  

PubMed Central

Online social networking sites such as Facebook and MySpace are extremely popular as indicated by the numbers of members and visits to the sites. They allow students to connect with users with similar interests, build and maintain relationships with friends, and feel more connected with their campus. The foremost criticisms of online social networking are that students may open themselves to public scrutiny of their online personas and risk physical safety by revealing excessive personal information. This review outlines issues of online social networking in higher education by drawing upon articles in both the lay press and academic publications. New points for pharmacy educators to consider include the possible emergence of an “e-professionalism” concept; legal and ethical implications of using online postings in admission, discipline, and student safety decisions; how online personas may blend into professional life; and the responsibility for educating students about the risks of online social networking.

2008-01-01

414

Online social networking issues within academia and pharmacy education.  

PubMed

Online social networking sites such as Facebook and MySpace are extremely popular as indicated by the numbers of members and visits to the sites. They allow students to connect with users with similar interests, build and maintain relationships with friends, and feel more connected with their campus. The foremost criticisms of online social networking are that students may open themselves to public scrutiny of their online personas and risk physical safety by revealing excessive personal information. This review outlines issues of online social networking in higher education by drawing upon articles in both the lay press and academic publications. New points for pharmacy educators to consider include the possible emergence of an "e-professionalism" concept; legal and ethical implications of using online postings in admission, discipline, and student safety decisions; how online personas may blend into professional life; and the responsibility for educating students about the risks of online social networking. PMID:18322572

Cain, Jeff

2008-02-15

415

A system dynamics evaluation model: implementation of health information exchange for public health reporting  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the complex dynamics involved in implementing electronic health information exchange (HIE) for public health reporting at a state health department, and to identify policy implications to inform similar implementations. Materials and methods Qualitative data were collected over 8?months from seven experts at New York State Department of Health who implemented web services and protocols for querying, receipt, and validation of electronic data supplied by regional health information organizations. Extensive project documentation was also collected. During group meetings experts described the implementation process and created reference modes and causal diagrams that the evaluation team used to build a preliminary model. System dynamics modeling techniques were applied iteratively to build causal loop diagrams representing the implementation. The diagrams were validated iteratively by individual experts followed by group review online, and through confirmatory review of documents and artifacts. Results Three casual loop diagrams captured well-recognized system dynamics: Sliding Goals, Project Rework, and Maturity of Resources. The findings were associated with specific policies that address funding, leadership, ensuring expertise, planning for rework, communication, and timeline management. Discussion This evaluation illustrates the value of a qualitative approach to system dynamics modeling. As a tool for strategic thinking on complicated and intense processes, qualitative models can be produced with fewer resources than a full simulation, yet still provide insights that are timely and relevant. Conclusions System dynamics techniques clarified endogenous and exogenous factors at play in a highly complex technology implementation, which may inform other states engaged in implementing HIE supported by federal Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) legislation.

Merrill, Jacqueline A; Deegan, Michael; Wilson, Rosalind V; Kaushal, Rainu; Fredericks, Kimberly

2013-01-01

416

Information and Communication Technology and Public Innovation: Assessing the ICT-driven Modernization of Public Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The modernization of public administration is a recurring theme on the political and public agenda in many countries. Modernization presupposes innovation. However, is an innovative public administration a contradiction in terminis? If we look at the practice of public administration, and evaluate -from an evolutionary perspective – how public administration has transformed itself during the last 40 years, we actually

V. J. J. M. Bekkers; Duivenboden van H; M. Thaens

2006-01-01

417

Planetree health information services: public access to the health information people want.  

PubMed Central

In July 1981, the Planetree Health Resource Center opened on the San Francisco campus of California Pacific Medical Center (Pacific Presbyterian Medical Center). Planetree was founded on the belief that access to information can empower people and help them face health and medical challenges. The Health Resource Center was created to provide medical library and health information resources to the general public. Over the last twelve years, Planetree has tried to develop a consumer health library collection and information service that is responsive to the needs and interests of a diverse public. In an effort to increase accessibility to the medical literature, a consumer health library classification scheme was created for the organization of library materials. The scheme combines the specificity and sophistication of the National Library of Medicine classification scheme with the simplicity of common lay terminology.

Cosgrove, T L

1994-01-01

418

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Waste Information System (Public Access)  

DOE Data Explorer

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is a DOE facility located in the desert outside Carlsbad, New Mexico. Its mission is to safely dispose of defense-related transuranic radioactive waste. Disposal ôroomsö are carved out of the Permian Salt Formation deep below the desertÆs surface. The WIPP Waste Information Service (WWIS) was established in accordance with an Agreement between the United States Department of Energy and the New Mexico Environment Department, dated February 11, 2005, Docket Number HWB 04-07 (CO). The service provides information the containers emplaced at WIPP and the waste products they hold. The public may query by shipment number, location of waste stream or location of the container after it is placed at WIPP, date placed, and Haz Codes or other information about the waste stream profiles. For example, choosing the waste stream identified as ID-SDA-SLUDGE reveals that it may contain more than 20 chemical waste products, including arsenic, spent halogenated solvents, potassium cyanide, and chloroform. The system then tells you each numbered container that has this kind of sludge. Container data is available within 14 days after the containerÆs emplacement in the WIPP Repository.

419

The use of information systems in the Greek public financial services: The case of TAXIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most important transactions between government and citizens is taxation. The modernization efforts of the public sector using information and communication technology (?CT) have led to the application of large information systems. TAXIS (TAX Information System) is a major information system in the Greek public financial sector. It supports the Inland Revenue Services' employees to serve the citizens

Marianthi H. Terpsiadou; Anastasios A. Economides

2009-01-01

420

A power information user (PIU) model to promote information integration in Tennessee's public health community*  

PubMed Central

Observation and immersion in the user community are critical factors in designing and implementing informatics solutions; such practices ensure relevant interventions and promote user acceptance. Libraries can adapt these strategies to developing instruction and outreach. While needs assessment is typically a core facet of library instruction, sustained, iterative assessment underlying the development of user-centered instruction is key to integrating resource use into the workflow. This paper describes the Eskind Biomedical Library's (EBL's) recent work with the Tennessee public health community to articulate a training model centered around developing power information users (PIUs). PIUs are community-based individuals with an advanced understanding of information seeking and resource use and are committed to championing information integration. As model development was informed by observation of PIU workflow and information needs, it also allowed for informal testing of the applicability of assessment via domain immersion in library outreach. Though the number of PIUs involved in the project was small, evaluation indicated that the model was useful for promoting information use in PIU workgroups and that the concept of domain immersion was relevant to library-related projects. Moreover, EBL continues to employ principles of domain understanding inherent in the PIU model to develop further interventions for the public health community and library users.

Sathe, Nila A.; Lee, Patricia; Giuse, Nunzia Bettinsoli

2004-01-01

421

Design features of on-line anatomy information resources: a comparison with the Digital Anatomist.  

PubMed Central

In order to update the design of the next generation of the Digital Anatomist, we have surveyed teaching assistants who have used the Digital Anatomist for learning and teaching anatomy as medical students, and have also examined available anatomy web sites with sufficient content to support learning. The majority of web sites function in an atlas mode and provide for the identification of structures. These atlases incorporate a variety of features for interactivity with 2D images, some of which are not available in the Digital Anatomist. The surveys suggest that the greatest need is for on-line access to comprehensive and detailed anatomical information and for the development of knowledge-based methods that allow the direct manipulation of segmented 3D graphical models by the user. The requirement for such interactivity is a comprehensive symbolic model of the physical organization of the body that can support inference. Images Fig 1

Kim, S.; Brinkley, J. F.; Rosse, C.

1999-01-01

422

FEDIX on-line information service: Design, develop, test, and implement, an on-line research and education information service. Annual status report, March 1, 1991--February 29, 1992  

SciTech Connect

The FEDIX Annual Status Report provides details regarding an on-line information project designed, developed and implemented by Federal Information Exchange, Inc., a diversified information services company. This document details the project design activities, summarizes the developmental phases of the project and describes the implementation activities generated to fulfill the project`s objectives. The information contained in this document illustrates FIE`s continuing commitment to serve as the link that facilitates the dissemination of federal information to the education community. This report reviews the project accomplishments and describes intended service enhancements.

Rodman, J.A.

1992-06-01

423

Geographic information systems in public health and medicine.  

PubMed

Geographic information systems (GIS) are increasingly being used in public health and medicine. Advances in computer technology, the encouragement of its use by the federal government, and the wide availability of academic and commercial courses on GIS are responsible for its growth. Some view GIS as only a tool for spatial research and policy analysis, while others believe it is part of a larger emerging new science including geography, cartography, geodesy, and remote sensing. The specific advantages and problems of GIS are discussed. The greatest potential of GIS is its ability to clearly show the results of complex analyses through maps. Problems in using GIS include its costs, the need to adequately train staff, the use of appropriate spatial units, and the risk it poses to violating patient confidentiality. Lastly, the fourteen articles in this special issue devoted to GIS are introduced and briefly discussed. PMID:15446613

Mullner, Ross M; Chung, Kyusuk; Croke, Kevin G; Mensah, Edward K

2004-06-01

424

A study of the existing problems of estimating the information transfer rate in online brain-computer interfaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Objective. Today, the brain-computer interface (BCI) community lacks a standard method to evaluate an online BCI's performance. Even the most commonly used metric, the information transfer rate (ITR), is often reported differently, even incorrectly, in many papers, which is not conducive to BCI research. This paper aims to point out many of the existing problems and give some suggestions and methods to overcome these problems. Approach. First, the preconditions inherent in ITR calculation based on Wolpaw's definition are summarized and several incorrect ITR calculations, which go against the preconditions, are indicated. Then, the issues affecting ITR estimation during the test of online BCI systems are discussed in detail. Finally, a task-oriented online BCI test platform was proposed, which may help BCI evaluations in real-world applications. Main results. The guidelines for ITR calculation in online BCIs testing are proposed. The platform executed in the Beijing BCI Competition 2010 shows that it can be used as a common way to compare the online performances (including the ITR) of existing BCI paradigms. Significance: The proposed guidelines and task-oriented test platform may reduce the uncertainty and artifacts of online BCI performance evaluation; they provide a relatively objective way to compare different BCI's performances in real-world BCI applications, which is a forward step toward developing standards for BCI performance evaluation.

Yuan, Peng; Gao, Xiaorong; Allison, Brendan; Wang, Yijun; Bin, Guangyu; Gao, Shangkai

2013-04-01

425

Development Approach of the Advanced Life Support On-line Project Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program has recently accelerated an effort to develop an On-line Project Information System (OPIS) for research project and technology development data centralization and sharing. There has been significant advancement in the On-line Project Information System (OPIS) over the past year (Hogan et al, 2004). This paper presents the resultant OPIS development approach. OPIS is being built as an application framework consisting of an uderlying Linux/Apache/MySQL/PHP (LAMP) stack, and supporting class libraries that provides database abstraction and automatic code generation, simplifying the ongoing development and maintenance process. Such a development approach allows for quick adaptation to serve multiple Programs, although initial deployment is for an ALS module. OPIS core functionality will involve a Web-based annual solicitation of project and technology data directly from ALS Principal Investigators (PIs) through customized data collection forms. Data provided by PIs will be reviewed by a Technical Task Monitor (TTM) before posting the information to OPIS for ALS Community viewing via the Web. Such Annual Reports will be permanent, citable references within OPIS. OPlS core functionality will also include Project Home Sites, which will allow PIS to provide updated technology information to the Community in between Annual Report updates. All data will be stored in an object-oriented relational database, created in MySQL(Reistered Trademark) and located on a secure server at NASA Ames Research Center (ARC). Upon launch, OPlS can be utilized by Managers to identify research and technology development (R&TD) gaps and to assess task performance. Analysts can employ OPlS to obtain the current, comprehensive, accurate information about advanced technologies that is required to perform trade studies of various life support system options. ALS researchers and technology developers can use OPlS to achieve an improved understanding of the NASA and ALS Program needs and to understand how other researchers and technology developers are addressing those needs. OPlS core functionality will launch for 'Ihe ALS Program in October, 2005. However, the system has been developed with the ability to evolve with Program needs. Because of open-source construction, software costs are minimized. Any functionality that is technologically feasible can be built into OPIS, and OPlS can expand through module cloning and adaptation, to any level deemed useful to the Agency.

Levri, Julie A.; Hogan, John A.; Morrow, Rich; Ho, Michael C.; Kaehms, Bob; Cavazzoni, Jim; Brodbeck, Christina A.; Whitaker, Dawn R.

2005-01-01

426

Public Access to Congressional Information: The Potential and Pitfalls of Technology Enhanced Access,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The emerging availability of new information technologies challenges the Congress to develop a consistent and fair method of distributing Congressional information in electronic formats. Public access to congressional information is critical to the abilit...

S. Frantzich

1987-01-01

427

7 CFR 1214.62 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information...Research and Information § 1214.62 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information...publications, and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks,...

2014-01-01

428

7 CFR 1206.52 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information...Research, and Information § 1206.52 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information...publications, and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks,...

2014-01-01

429

42 CFR 4.8 - Publication of the Library and information about the Library.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Publication of the Library and information about...NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.8 Publication of the Library and information about... Lists of bibliographies, Library publications sold by the Government Printing...

2012-10-01

430

The Magnetics Information Consortium (MagIC) Online Database: Uploading, Searching and Visualizing Paleomagnetic and Rock Magnetic Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Magnetics Information Consortium (MagIC) operates an online relational database including both rock and paleomagnetic data. The goal of MagIC is to store all measurements and their derived properties for studies of paleomagnetic directions (inclination, declination) and their intensities, and for rock magnetic experiments (hysteresis, remanence, susceptibility, anisotropy). MagIC is hosted under EarthRef.org at http://earthref.org/MAGIC/ and has two search nodes, one for paleomagnetism and one for rock magnetism. These nodes provide basic search capabilities based on location, reference, methods applied, material type and geological age, while allowing the user to drill down from sites all the way to the measurements. At each stage, the data can be saved and, if the available data supports it, the data can be visualized by plotting equal area plots, VGP location maps or typical Zijderveld, hysteresis, FORC, and various magnetization and remanence diagrams. All plots are made in SVG (scalable vector graphics) and thus can be saved and easily read into the user's favorite graphics programs without loss of resolution. User contributions to the MagIC database are critical to achieve a useful research tool. We have developed a standard data and metadata template (version 1.6) that can be used to format and upload all data at the time of publication in Earth Science journals. Software tools are provided to facilitate easy population of these templates within Microsoft Excel. These tools allow for the import/export of text files and they provide advanced functionality to manage/edit the data, and to perform various internal checks to high grade the data and to make them ready for uploading. The uploading is all done online by using the MagIC Contribution Wizard at http://earthref.org/MAGIC/upload.htm that takes only a few minutes to process a contribution of approximately 5,000 data records. After uploading these standardized MagIC template files will be stored in the digital archives of EarthRef.org from where they can be downloaded at all times. Finally, the contents of these template files will be automatically parsed into the online relational database, making the data available for online searches in the paleomagnetic and rock magnetic search nodes. The MagIC database contains all data transferred from the IAGA paleomagnetic poles database (GPMDB), the lava flow paleosecular variation database (PSVRL), lake sediment database (SECVR) and the PINT database. In addition to that a substantial number of data compiled under the Time Averaged Field Investigations project is now included plus a significant fraction of the data collected at SIO and the IRM. Ongoing additions of legacy data include ~40 papers from studies on the Hawaiian Islands, data compilations from archeomagnetic studies and updates to the lake sediment dataset.

Koppers, A.; Tauxe, L.; Constable, C.; Pisarevsky, S.; Jackson, M.; Solheid, P.; Banerjee, S.; Johnson, C.; Genevey, A.; Delaney, R.; Baker, P.; Sbarbori, E.

2005-12-01

431

Challenges since Wikipedia: the availability of Rorschach information online and internet users' reactions to online media coverage of the Rorschach-Wikipedia debate.  

PubMed

We conducted 2 studies to assess the availability of Rorschach information online and Internet users' attitudes since the inkblots were published on Wikipedia. In the first study, the authors conducted 2 Google searches for Web sites containing Rorschach-related information. The top 88 results were classified by level of threat to test security; 19% posed a direct threat. The authors also found Web sites authored by psychologists that divulged sensitive Rorschach information. In the second study, 588 comments to online news stories covering the Rorschach-Wikipedia debate were coded as expressing favorable or unfavorable opinions regarding the field of psychology, psychologists, and the Rorschach. Eight percent of comments described unfavorable opinions toward psychology, 15% contained unfavorable opinions toward psychologists, and 35% portrayed unfavorable opinions of the Rorschach. Common themes and popular misconceptions of the Rorschach contained in these comments are described. Implications and recommendations for practice are discussed. Limitations, including the second study's narrow sample and self-selection bias, are also detailed. PMID:22176268

Schultz, Douglas S; Loving, James L

2012-01-01

432

Online Learning Programs as Learning Organizations: A Case Study of Information Management Programs at Anadolu University, Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This presentation consists of the results of a study in which facilitators' attitudes toward effectiveness of various media used in the Information Management Associate Degree Program of Anadolu University, Turkey. The study has shown that although facilitators indicated that textbooks should still be used in online courses, they found textbooks…

Tasci, Deniz

2006-01-01

433

Use of Multi-Modal Media and Tools in an Online Information Literacy Course: College Students' Attitudes and Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project studies the use of multi-modal media objects in an online information literacy class. One hundred sixty-two undergraduate students answered seven surveys. Significant relationships are found among computer skills, teaching materials, communication tools and learning experience. Multi-modal media objects and communication tools are…

Chen, Hsin-Liang; Williams, James Patrick

2009-01-01

434

Epistemic Beliefs in Action: Spontaneous Reflections about Knowledge and Knowing during Online Information Searching and Their Influence on Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study it was investigated whether high school students are spontaneously able to reflect epistemologically during online searching for information about a controversial topic. In addition, we examined whether activating epistemic beliefs is related to individual characteristics, such as prior knowledge of the topic and argumentative…

Mason, Lucia; Ariasi, Nicola; Boldrin, Angela

2011-01-01

435

Short Feasibility Study on Using the Post Office Telex Network for On-Line Computer Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1972 there were 33,000 Telex installations in the United Kingdom with 240,000 predicted by 1983. The feasibility of using these Telex systems for on-line accession of computer based information systems was investigated in this report. Comparisons between the Telex system and the Teletypewriter or Teleprinter system now in use reveal that the…

O'Sullivan, D. F.; Hall, F. J.

436

A Model for Semi-Informal Online Learning Communities: A Case Study of the NASA INSPIRE Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scope and Method of Study: The purpose of this study was to develop a model of informal online learning communities based on theory, research and practice. Case study methodology was used to examine the NASA Interdisciplinary National Science Project Incorporating Research and Education Experience (INSPIRE) Project as an example of a successful…

Keesee, Amanda Glasgow

2011-01-01

437

The ALIS Online Circulation Control System of Danmarks Tekniske Bibliotek. Stockholm Papers in Library and Information Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on the Automated Library Information Control System (ALIS) of the National Technological Library of Denmark focuses on the circulation control functions of the integrated, distributed processing system, which also functions as an online catalog for a bibliographic database of approximately 120,000 records with library location codes.…

Barnholdt, B.; Hojer-Pedersen, N.

438

Online Discussion Processes: Effects of Earlier Messages' Evaluations, Knowledge Content, Social Cues and Personal Information on Later Messages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of the flow of online discussions examined how earlier messages affected later messages along five dimensions: (1) evaluations (agreement, disagreement, or unresponsive actions); (2) knowledge content (contribution, repetition, or null content); (3) social cues (positive, negative, or none); (4) personal information (number of visits);…

Chen, Gaowei; Chiu, Ming Ming

2008-01-01

439

Corporate Sector Practice Informs Online Workforce Training for Australian Government Agencies: Towards Effective Educational-Learning Systems Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to outline government online training practice. We searched individual research domains of the human-dimensions of Human Computer Interaction (HCI), information and communications technologies (ICT) and instructional design for evidence of either corporate sector or government training practices. We overlapped these…

McKay, Elspeth; Vilela, Cenie

2011-01-01

440

Library Research Success: Designing an Online Tutorial To Teach Information Literacy Skills to First-Year Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a collaborative effort between librarians and faculty at Seneca College (Toronto) to develop and implement an online, interactive tutorial for first-year business students that used Web-based technology. Discusses objectives, including increasing student knowledge of library resources and to increase levels of information literacy and…

Donaldson, Kelly A.

2000-01-01

441

The Magnetics Information Consortium (MagIC) Online Database: Uploading, Searching and Visualizing Paleomagnetic and Rock Magnetic Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Magnetics Information Consortium (MagIC) is commissioned to implement and maintain an online portal to a relational database populated by both rock and paleomagnetic data. The goal of MagIC is to archive all measurements and the derived properties for studies of paleomagnetic directions (inclination, declination) and intensities, and for rock magnetic experiments (hysteresis, remanence, susceptibility, anisotropy). MagIC is hosted under EarthRef.org at http://earthref.org/MAGIC/ and has two search nodes, one for paleomagnetism and one for rock magnetism. Both nodes provide query building based on location, reference, methods applied, material type and geological age, as well as a visual map interface to browse and select locations. The query result set is displayed in a digestible tabular format allowing the user to descend through hierarchical levels such as from locations to sites, samples, specimens, and measurements. At each stage, the result set can be saved and, if supported by the data, can be visualized by plotting global location maps, equal area plots, or typical Zijderveld, hysteresis, and various magnetization and remanence diagrams. User contributions to the MagIC database are critical to achieving a useful research tool. We have developed a standard data and metadata template (Version 2.1) that can be used to format and upload all data at the time of publication in Earth Science journals. Software tools are provided to facilitate population of these templates within Microsoft Excel. These tools allow for the import/export of text files and provide advanced functionality to manage and edit the data, and to perform various internal checks to maintain data integrity and prepare for uploading. The MagIC Contribution Wizard at http://earthref.org/MAGIC/upload.htm executes the upload and takes only a few minutes to process several thousand data records. The standardized MagIC template files are stored in the digital archives of EarthRef.org where they remain available for download by the public (in both text and Excel format). Finally, the contents of these template files are automatically parsed into the online relational database, making the data available for online searches in the paleomagnetic and rock magnetic search nodes. The MagIC database contains all data transferred from the IAGA paleomagnetic poles database (GPMDB), the lava flow paleosecular variation database (PSVRL), lake sediment database (SECVR) and the PINT database. Additionally, a substantial number of data compiled under the Time Averaged Field Investigations project is now included plus a significant fraction of the data collected at SIO and the IRM. Ongoing additions of legacy data include over 40 papers from studies on the Hawaiian Islands and Mexico, data compilations from archeomagnetic studies and updates to the lake sediment dataset.

Minnett, R.; Koppers, A.; Tauxe, L.; Constable, C.; Pisarevsky, S. A.; Jackson, M.; Solheid, P.; Banerjee, S.; Johnson, C.

2006-12-01

442

Free Online Scholarship Newsletter: How the Internet is Transforming Scholarly Research and Publication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by Professor Peter Suber, Editor of Hippias (reviewed in the September 26, 1997 Scout Report) and co-Editor of Noesis (reviewed in the September 11, 1998 Scout Report), this free email newsletter offers "news and discussion on the migration of print scholarship to the Internet and efforts to make it available to readers free of charge." The newsletter covers all academic fields and all FOS initiatives. Subscription information, an editorial statement, and access to previous issues are all provided on the homepage.

443

Use of Internet Audience Measurement Data to Gauge Market Share for Online Health Information Services  

PubMed Central

Background The transition to a largely Internet and Web-based environment for dissemination of health information has changed the health information landscape and the framework for evaluation of such activities. A multidimensional evaluative approach is needed. Objective This paper discusses one important dimension of Web evaluation—usage data. In particular, we discuss the collection and analysis of external data on website usage in order to develop a better understanding of the health information (and related US government information) market space, and to estimate the market share or relative levels of usage for National Library of Medicine (NLM) and National Institutes of Health (NIH) websites compared to other health information providers. Methods The primary method presented is Internet audience measurement based on Web usage by external panels of users and assembled by private vendors—in this case, comScore. A secondary method discussed is Web usage based on Web log software data. The principle metrics for both methods are unique visitors and total pages downloaded per month. Results NLM websites (primarily MedlinePlus and PubMed) account for 55% to 80% of total NIH website usage depending on the metric used. In turn, NIH.gov top-level domain usage (inclusive of NLM) ranks second only behind WebMD in the US domestic home health information market and ranks first on a global basis. NIH.gov consistently ranks among the top three or four US government top-level domains based on global Web usage. On a site-specific basis, the top health information websites in terms of global usage appear to be WebMD, MSN Health, PubMed, Yahoo! Health, AOL Health, and MedlinePlus. Based on MedlinePlus Web log data and external Internet audience measurement data, the three most heavily used cancer-centric websites appear to be www.cancer.gov (National Cancer Institute), www.cancer.org (American Cancer Society), and www.breastcancer.org (non-profit organization). Conclusions Internet audience measurement has proven useful to NLM, with significant advantages compared to sole reliance on usage data from Web log software. Internet audience data has helped NLM better understand the relative usage of NLM and NIH websites in the intersection of the health information and US government information market sectors, which is the primary market intersector for NLM and NIH. However important, Web usage is only one dimension of a complete Web evaluation framework, and other primary research methods, such as online user surveys, usability tests, and focus groups, are also important for comprehensive evaluation that includes qualitative elements, such as user satisfaction and user friendliness, as well as quantitative indicators of website usage.

Benson, Dennis; LaCroix, Eve-Marie; Siegel, Elliot R; Fariss, Susan

2005-01-01

444

76 FR 82313 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SECURITY Transportation Security Administration Intent...OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Transportation Security Officer (TSO) Medical...The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) invites public comment on one...

2011-12-30

445

75 FR 36387 - Informational Public Meetings for Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9168-2] Informational Public Meetings for Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study; Correction AGENCY: Environmental...21, 2010, announcing public meetings for the Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study. The document contained an...

2010-06-25

446

Comparative perspectives on public dialogues in the federal government  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to increase collaboration, transparency and public participation in U. S. government, agencies are increasingly using online dialogue tools to get feedback and information from the public about new policies, programs and other initiatives. This panel will talk about the successes and lessons learned from three government agencies that have experience using online dialogue tools. Attendees of this program

Lisa Nelson; Jacob Parcell

2012-01-01

447

School Psychology Resources Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 1,000 annotated links, this Website offers a valuable directory of online resources in the broad and burgeoning field of school psychology. Resources are divided into two broad categories: Specific Conditions, Disorders, and Disabilities, and Other Information. The first includes listings for such topics as Attention Deficit Disorders, Deafness, Eating Disorders, Learning Disabilities, Mental Retardation, Substance Abuse, and Tourette's Syndrome. The second catch-all category includes such topics as Adolescence, Assessment/Evaluation, ERIC Clearinghouses, Law and Education, Mental Health, Professional Organizations, and about a dozen others. The links are authoritative, and the Website is updated daily. A features section also includes an online bookstore, daily cartoon, and jobs information. The site is created and maintained by Sandra Steingart, who holds a doctorate in education and works in the Office of Psychological Services in the Baltimore County Public Schools.

448

A generic notification system for Internet information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet provides a huge amount of online and dynamic information related to stock information, currency exchange rates, interest rates, expected weather status, oil prices, and many other topics. This information is publicly available on dynamic HTML documents or on web services. This paper discusses a flexible notification system that utilizes the available online information and allows users to define

Nader Mohamed; Jameela Al-jaroodi; Imad Jawhar

2008-01-01

449

43 CFR 3100.4 - Public availability of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) OIL AND GAS LEASING Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing: General § 3100.4 Public availability...disclosure to the public, you must clearly mark each page that you believe includes confidential...

2013-10-01

450

78 FR 6042 - Availability of Non-Public Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...adequate capital and internal controls; foster liquid, efficient, competitive, and resilient national housing finance...purpose of this part is to control the dissemination of non-public...person in possession or control of non-public...

2013-01-29

451

40 CFR 300.155 - Public information and community relations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RPMs and community relations personnel should ensure that all appropriate public and private interests...coordinate with available public affairs/community relations resources to carry...established to coordinate media relations and...

2009-07-01

452

40 CFR 300.155 - Public information and community relations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RPMs and community relations personnel should ensure that all appropriate public and private interests...coordinate with available public affairs/community relations resources to carry...established to coordinate media relations and...

2010-07-01

453

The Design and Implementation of Public Bike Information System Based on Google Maps  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2008, Hangzhou City, China initiated a public bicycle transportation program, and thus an effective information system was much need. We designed and implemented a Google Maps-based information system for the public bicycle transportation program. The visualized information system dynamically displays the locations of the bike rental sites, and the availabilities of bikes and bike parking spots for bike renters

Rongliang Luo; Yunru Shen

2009-01-01

454

IdeaKeeper notepads: scaffolding digital library information analysis in online inquiry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online inquiry activities are important for K-12 learners to explore substantive driving questions in different areas, especially science. However, the inquiry process is complex for learners who need extensive support to mindfully engage in these activities. We are addressing this with the Digital IdeaKeeper, a scaffolded work environment for online inquiry. While online inquiry includes many different activities (e.g., planning,

Chris Quintana; Meilan Zhang

2004-01-01

455

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC): On-line Particle Physics Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) Library provides this electronic "guide," which organizes and annotates online databases, Webpages, catalogs, and directories that are of value to the particle physics community. Online resources are categorized by data, collaborations and experiments, conferences, current awareness services, five different directories (for research institutions, libraries, etc.), online scientific papers and journals, four types of educational sites, and software directories. Within each section, links to outside databases and Internet sites direct users to additional resources on particle physics.

456

Students' Scientific Epistemic Beliefs, Online Evaluative Standards, and Online Searching Strategies for Science Information: The Moderating Role of Cognitive Load Experience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is to examine the moderating role of cognitive load experience between students' scientific epistemic beliefs and information commitments, which refer to online evaluative standards and online searching strategies. A total of 344 science-related major students participated in this study. Three questionnaires were used to ascertain the students' scientific epistemic beliefs, information commitments, and cognitive load experience. Structural equation modeling was then used to analyze the moderating effect of cognitive load, with the results revealing its significant moderating effect. The relationships between sophisticated scientific epistemic beliefs and the advanced evaluative standards used by the students were significantly stronger for low than for high cognitive load students. Moreover, considering the searching strategies that the students used, the relationships between sophisticated scientific epistemic beliefs and advanced searching strategies were also stronger for low than for high cognitive load students. However, for the high cognitive load students, only one of the sophisticated scientific epistemic belief dimensions was found to positively associate with advanced evaluative standard dimensions.

Hsieh, Ya-Hui; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-06-01

457

Towards comprehensive national public transport information on the Internet: the PTI web site  

Microsoft Academic Search

The PTI website (Public Transport Information) can be found at http:\\/\\/www.pti.org.uld It provides a 'gateway' to traveller information on all public transport in the UK, essentially, it is an index of other Internet websites providing traveller information for all public transport modes. It covers travel within the UK (i.e. both Great Britain and Northern Ireland), and also includes the Channel

J Austin

1999-01-01

458

Publicity and education on family planning information in Keshan County.  

PubMed

In 1984 the Keshan (Northeast China) County Government and the Family Planning Committee initiated an education campaign to disseminate family planning information to farmers. The team of propagandists consisted primarily of full-time family planning workers. Village cadres, school teachers, and rural physicians, who are properly educated and positive about family planning work, enjoy high prestige among the workers. They were invited to be team members after training and are supported by the villagers because they come from among the local people. All the childbearing women aged 15-49 in each village were classified by the propagandist into 5 groups according to their marital and childbearing status, i.e., women at the age of puberty, women of new marriage, pregnant and lying-in women, women with children to be reared, and middle-age and old women. The women were organized into groups to attend lectures on different subjects such as population policy, relationship between population growth and socioeconomic development on the 1 hand and individuals and environment on the other. Also included were physiology, the health birth and rearing of children, and health care for women and the aged. The publicity effort included broadcasting, films, video aids, and slide shows. Increased classs were during the slack seasons, and lectures were given once a week. By 1986, about 80% of the population at childbearing age in Keshan County had attended the family planning lectures. PMID:12341211

1986-12-01

459

47 CFR 0.459 - Requests that materials or information submitted to the Commission be withheld from public...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...submitted to the Commission be withheld from public inspection. 0.459 Section 0.459...COMMISSION ORGANIZATION General Information Public Information and Inspection of Records...submitted to the Commission be withheld from public inspection. (a)(1)...

2013-10-01

460

36 CFR 902.21 - Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of information that affects the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of information...INFORMATION ACT Publication in the Federal Register § 902.21 Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of...

2010-07-01

461

36 CFR 902.21 - Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of information that affects the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of information...INFORMATION ACT Publication in the Federal Register § 902.21 Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of...

2009-07-01

462

75 FR 44974 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Sensitive...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of One Current Public Collection of...Information: Sensitive Security Information Threat...Transportation Security Administration (TSA) invites public comment on one...Department of Homeland Security Appropriations...Appropriations Act, Public Law...

2010-07-30

463

78 FR 50076 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Sensitive...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of One Current Public Collection of...Information: Sensitive Security Information Threat...Transportation Security Administration (TSA) invites public comment on one...Department of Homeland Security Appropriations...Appropriations Act, Public Law...

2013-08-16

464

77 FR 76064 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Reform Act: Changes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Housing Reform Act: Changes to Admission and Occupancy Requirements for the Public...available upon request, their respective admission and occupancy policies for both the public...available for inspection policies related to admission and continued occupancy, so as to...

2012-12-26

465

76 FR 23326 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Transportation Security Administration [Docket...Public Collection of Information: Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) Program AGENCY: Transportation Security Administration,...

2011-04-26

466

78 FR 32417 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Transportation Security Administration [Docket...Public Collection of Information: Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) Program AGENCY: Transportation Security Administration,...

2013-05-30

467

Environmental Conservation Online System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental Conservation Online System (ECOS) is a gateway web site that provides access to data systems in the Endangered Species and Fisheries and Habitat Conservation program areas, as well as other FWS and Government data sources. ECOS provides a central point of access to assist FWS personnel in managing data and information as well as provide general public access to information from numerous FWS databases. ECOS allows users to view, query, and, in some cases, edit data. Some of the larger applications are: Threatened and Endangered Species System (TESS), Habitat Tracking Information System (HabITS), Fish Passage Decision Support System (FPDSS), Contaminant Assessment Program (CAP), and Environmental Contaminants Data Management System (ECDMS). Mapping capabilities are also available, utilizing spatially referenced data in these databases. The general mapping utility, Geotract, is an interactive tool that includes data relevant to many service personnel and the public. Other specialized mapping tools are available for specific project and end-user needs.

468

Finding out about sperm banking: what information is available online for men diagnosed with cancer?  

PubMed

Sperm banking is routinely offered to men where there is a risk of infertility following cancer treatment but uptake is lower than expected. Since these men may turn to the internet for information, we used the search engine www.google.com to identify the material available about sperm banking and fertility preservation options. Sixty-six resources (NHS/Private Clinic, Charity, Press Releases, General and Forums/Blogs) fulfilled the criteria for inclusion and were examined for quality including readability, layout and content. The most frequently reported information related to: (1) effects of cancer treatment on fertility (77.3%); (2) reasons to bank sperm (69.7%); and (3) fertility recovery after treatment (57.6%). Information about maintaining contact with the sperm bank (18.2%) and disposal of banked samples (10.6%) was less often included. The quality of information available on the Internet about sperm banking was variable. The readability of all resources was assessed as 'fairly difficult', i.e. reading skills required were too complex for the average member of the public to understand. Furthermore, visual presentation of material (e.g. lay out) did not facilitate easy reading. More attention should be given to information about longer-term issues, such as fertility recovery and the use or disposal of banked sperm. PMID:22746362

Merrick, H; Wright, E; Pacey, A A; Eiser, C

2012-09-01

469

Exploring the social realities of online communities through the lens of a Human Information Behavior framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online communities are of interest to researchers of multiple disciplines for reasons including issues of access, cultural diversity, community\\/social capital, social interactions enabled, and supporting ease of use (Preece, 2001). As new technologies provide innovative uses and points of access, and as they are used by a wider number of users, online communities provide a rich basis for discovering new

Peyina Lin; David Mcdonald

470

Privacy Online: Fair Information Practices in the Electronic Marketplace: A Report to Congress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the Commission's third report to Congress examining the state of online privacy and the efficacy of industry self-regulation. It presents the result of the Commission's 2000 Online Privacy Survey (the 'Survey'), which reviewed the nature and subst...

2000-01-01

471

Information seeking and social support in online health communities: impact on patients' perceived empathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveMany healthcare organizations (HCOs) including Kaiser Permanente, Johns Hopkins, Cleveland Medical Center, and MD Anderson Cancer Center, provide access to online health communities as part of their overall patient support services. The key objective in establishing and running these online health communities is to offer empathic support to patients. Patients' perceived empathy is considered to be critical in patient recovery,

Priya Nambisan

2011-01-01

472

Droppin' Knowledge: Black Women's Communication and Informal Learning in an Online Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experiences of black women offer a unique perspective on how life is lived at the juncture of race and gender in the United States. This case study of an online community for black women centers on the site's potentiality as an online learning community as well as a uniquely black woman's space. It also explores interrelated aspects of…

Steptoe, Leslye Carynn

2011-01-01

473

How Would They Choose? Online Student Preferences for Advance Course Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly 30% of higher education students now take at least one online course in which the instructor and students are physically separated and electronic means are used to facilitate the learning experience. "Anytime, anywhere" is a powerful draw that prompts students to seek online learning experiences. Yet with an attrition rate between 10 and…

Marshall, James; Greenberg, Heather; Machun, Patricia A.

2012-01-01

474

A Tale of Two Libraries: School and Public Librarians Working Together  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role that a public librarian can play in teaching on-line research classes is put forth. The manner in which school and public librarians can work together to help teachers and students deal with information overload is discussed.

Scordato, Julie

2004-01-01

475

Online Metadata Directories: A way of preserving, sharing and discovering scientific information  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) assists the scientific community in the discovery of and linkage to Earth Science data and provides data holders a means to advertise their data to the community through its portals, i.e. online customized subset metadata directories. These directories are effectively serving communities like the Joint Committee on Antarctic Data Management (JCADM), the Global Observing System Information Center (GOSIC), and the Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamic Program (GLOBEC) by increasing the visibility of their data holding. The purpose of the Gulf of Maine Ocean Data Partnership (GoMODP) is to "promote and coordinate the sharing, linking, electronic dissemination, and use of data on the Gulf of Maine region". The participants have decided that a "coordinated effort is needed to enable users throughout the Gulf of Maine region and beyond to discover and put to use the vast and growing quantities of data in their respective databases". GoMODP members have invited the GCMD to discuss potential collaborations associated with this effort. The presentation will focus on the use of the GCMD s metadata directory as a powerful tool for data discovery and sharing. An overview of the directory and its metadata authoring tools will be given.

Meaux, M.

2005-01-01

476

Sensorland.com: The Online Information Centre for Sensing and Measurement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site has 90 technical articles on how various sensors, transducers, and data measurement systems are used and how they work. The site includes problems and solutions, a history of sensors, sensor tech tips, trainings, job search, applications, and resources for further study. Links are also provided for a question and answer board. Simply type your sensor related question and get some advice from people in the field. There are also links provided to find a specific sensor depending upon the the type and system including: calibration systems; CAN, LIN, FlexRay, SPI; communications; compressed air flow; condition monitoring; control systems; counters-timers; data acquisition; data analysis; displays, indicators; endurance test stands; hygrometers; instrumentation; materials testing; metrology; modal analysis; online signal analysis; preventative maintenance; predictive maintenance; PC oscilloscopes; PLA data logging; pressure mapping; real-time systems; signal conditioning; signal generation; software; telemetry; vibration meters; weather station; weighing systems; or cables and accessories. This site would be useful for engineers, scientists, or college and university students who need information about measuring and sensor systems.

2009-10-06