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1

The Telehealth Divide: Disparities in Searching Public Health Information Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores e?government inequalities to searching Medicare and Medi? caid information online. Telehealth, a branch of e?government, can bring public health service and insurance information to the citizen. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services website, among others, has critical information for potential beneficiaries and recipients of services. Using Pew survey data and multivariate regression analysis we find people

Mary. Schmeida; Ramona S. McNeal

2007-01-01

2

Sailor: Maryland's Online Public Information Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sailor - Maryland's Information Network - provides general Maryland government information and a wide variety of Internet jump-points. The gopher is run by the Pratt Free Library and also has local dialup numbers in Maryland.

1999-01-01

3

Bringing an informed public into policy debates through online deliberation: the healthcare dialogue project  

Microsoft Academic Search

A year-long experiment was conducted to better understand the potential of web-based deliberations to inform public policy. Focused on health care reform, the project drew from periodic surveys and a series of online group deliberations to examine the interaction of policy elites and ordinary citizens in online settings, and to test hypotheses related to group composition, discussion processes, and decision

Vincent Price; Joseph N. Cappella

2006-01-01

4

Streamlining How We Deliver Public Health Information Online: From CHN to PHAC  

Microsoft Academic Search

The desire to consolidate resources into one website, that of the Public Health Agency of Canada, was behind the decision to close the Canadian Health Network (CHN) in April 2008. Although CHN set new standards in online health information, this decision was made for a variety of reasons, including to better reach both a professional audience and the general public.

David Butler-Jones

2008-01-01

5

Incidence of Online Health Information Search: A Useful Proxy for Public Health Risk Perception  

PubMed Central

Background Internet users use search engines to look for information online, including health information. Researchers in medical informatics have found a high correlation of the occurrence of certain search queries and the incidence of certain diseases. Consumers’ search for information about diseases is related to current health status with regard to a disease and to the social environments that shape the public’s attitudes and behaviors. Objective This study aimed to investigate the extent to which public health risk perception as demonstrated by online information searches related to a health risk can be explained by the incidence of the health risk and social components of a specific population’s environment. Using an ecological perspective, we suggest that a population’s general concern for a health risk is formed by the incidence of the risk and social (eg, media attention) factors related with the risk. Methods We constructed a dataset that included state-level data from 32 states on the incidence of the flu; a number of social factors, such as media attention to the flu; private resources, such as education and health insurance coverage; public resources, such as hospital beds and primary physicians; and utilization of these resources, including inpatient days and outpatient visits. We then explored whether online information searches about the flu (seasonal and pandemic flu) can be predicted using these variables. We used factor analysis to construct indexes for sets of social factors (private resources, public resources). We then applied panel data multiple regression analysis to exploit both time-series and cross-sectional variation in the data over a 7-year period. Results Overall, the results provide evidence that the main effects of independent variables—the incidence of the flu (P<.001); social factors, including media attention (P<.001); private resources, including life quality (P<.001) and health lifestyles (P=.009); and public resources, such as hospital care utilization (P=.008) and public health funds (P=.02)—have significant effects on Web searches for queries related to the flu. After controlling for the number of reported disease cases and Internet access rate by state, we estimate the contribution of social factors to the public health risk perception levels by state (R2=23.37%). The interaction effects between flu incidence and social factors for our search terms did not add to the explanatory power of our regression models (R2<1%). Conclusions Our study suggests a practical way to measure the public’s health risk perception for certain diseases using online information search volume by state. The social environment influences public risk perception regardless of disease incidence. Thus, monitoring the social variables can be very helpful in being ready to respond to the public’s behavior in dealing with public health threats.

Scammon, Debra L

2013-01-01

6

Online First publication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The editors of Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology and Springer-Verlag are pleased to announce a new service for authors and readers: Online First, the immediate online publication of all accepted papers as soon as the authors have returned the corrected proofs. Whereas the fully electronic versions of Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology used to appear at the same time as

Gerhard A. Holzapfel; Jay D. Humphrey

2003-01-01

7

Improving Digital Skills for the Use of Online Public Information and Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are recent indications regarding the use of online public services that force the government to focus on the more refined conceptualizations digital divide research has produced. This paper addresses one of the factors that appears to be important in several conceptualizations of how to approach the digital divide; the differential…

van Deursen, A. J. A. M.; van Dijk, J. A. G. M.

2009-01-01

8

The Distribution of Information: The Role for Online Public Access Catalogs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC) and the inclusion of abstracting and indexing industry databases in OPACs. Topics addressed include the implications of including abstracting and indexing tape and CD-ROM products in OPACs; the need for standards allowing library systems to communicate with dissimilar CD-ROM products; and…

Matthews, Joseph R.

1994-01-01

9

The Online Government Information Movement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Commission on Libraries and Information Science published recommendations for a national information policy in 1976, and concerns regarding the protection of privacy and equal public access to online information were introduced. From the mid 1970s to the early 1990s, federal government agencies were beginning to publish materials and maintain records electronically. Most current U.S. government information was available

Jan Jorgensen

2006-01-01

10

Keeping Public Information Public.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the trend toward the transfer of federal government information from the public domain to the private sector. Topics include free access, privatization, information-policy revision, accountability, copyright issues, costs, pricing, and market needs versus public needs. (LRW)|

Kelley, Wayne P.

1998-01-01

11

Online Education in Public Affairs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This exploratory study provides an overview of the current landscape of online education in the fields of Master of Public Administration and Master of Public Policy (MPA/MPP) utilizing a dataset compiled from content analysis of MPA/MPP programs' websites and survey of 96 National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration…

Ginn, Martha H.; Hammond, Augustine

2012-01-01

12

Retrieving Patent Information Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses patent information retrieval from online files in terms of types of questions, file contents, coverage, timeliness, and other file variations. CLAIMS, Derwent, WPI, APIPAT and Chemical Abstracts Service are described. (KP)|

Kaback, Stuart M.

1978-01-01

13

Constructivist learning perspectives in the online public relations classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many researchers and educators use constructivist theory to analyse what works well in online classrooms. Past research suggests successful online teaching strategies involve community learning, shared interactions, and meaningful learning experiences. In this study, educators who taught public relations online, in either graduate or undergraduate settings, were interviewed using in-depth key informant surveys. Most interviewees reported successful integration of community

Ann Peru Knabe

14

76 FR 7874 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Online Innovation Submission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Washington, DC 20410. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sarah Gillespie at (202) 402-5843 (this is not a toll-free number...available documents submitted to OMB may be obtained from Ms. Gillespie. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Department will submit...

2011-02-11

15

Pricing and Marketing Online Information Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the pricing of online information in the broader context of marketing. Highlights include changes in the marketing context and issues of value relating to price; other reviews of online pricing; trends affecting price, including public sector involvement and the Internet; promotional pricing; price discrimination; and price aggregation…

Webber, Sheila Anne Elizabeth

1998-01-01

16

Citizen Perspectives on Trust in a Public Online Advanced Traveler Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of government in providing services to the citizen has been dramatically transformed with the evolution of the Internet and information and communication technologies. Now, government electronic services must not only be effective in their delivery but must also invoke citizen engagement in order to realize its significant contribution. Previous e-Government research has shown that trust in government electronic

Benjamin L. Schooley; Dolly A. Harold; Thomas A. Horan; Richard Burkhard

2011-01-01

17

Stellar Classification Online - Public Exploration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Michigan Objective Prism Blue Survey (e.g. Sowell et al 2007, AJ, 134, 1089) photographic plates located in the Astronomical Photographic Data Archive at the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute hold hundreds of thousands of stellar spectra, many of which have not been classified before. The public is invited to participate in a distributed computing online environment to classify the stars on the objective prism plates. The online environment is called Stellar Classification Online - Public Exploration (SCOPE). Through a website, SCOPE participants are given a tutorial on stellar spectra and their classification, and given the chance to practice their skills at classification. After practice, participants register, login, and select stars for classification from scans of the objective prism plates. Their classifications are recorded in a database where the accumulation of classifications of the same star by many users will be statistically analyzed. The project includes stars with known spectral types to help test the reliability of classifications. The SCOPE webpage and the use of results will be described.

Castelaz, Michael W.; Bedell, W.; Barker, T.; Cline, J.; Owen, L.

2009-01-01

18

Hardcopy to online publication-it can be done  

Microsoft Academic Search

The actual process of converting a monthly technical journal from a printed hardcopy publication to an online information source is analyzed. In publishing the hardcopy version, there were problems of high printing costs and late distribution. It was also found that readers were keeping stacks of back issues for reference. The online information source is easy to access, contains current

Marilyn S. Foster

1990-01-01

19

Nebrask@ Online: a State of Nebraska electronic information service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the origin, development and evolution of Nebrask@ Online, a computer-based electronic information and communication service, created by the Nebraska Library Commission. The 1991 Nebraska Information Partnerships Conference led to new alliances involving the Library Commission and the creation of this online service. Describes experiences in operating an online service and options considered for network development. A public\\/ private partnership

Rod Wagner

1996-01-01

20

Nebrask@ Online: a State of Nebraska electronic information service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the origin, development and evolution of Nebrask@ Online, a computer-based electronic information and communication service, created by the Nebraska Library Commission. The 1991 Nebraska Information Partnerships Conference led to new alliances involving the Library Commission and the creation of this online service. Describes experiences in operating an online service and options considered for network development. A public\\/private partnership emerged

Rod Wagner

1996-01-01

21

Adapting online learning for Canada's Northern public health workforce  

PubMed Central

Background Canada's North is a diverse, sparsely populated land, where inequalities and public health issues are evident, particularly for Aboriginal people. The Northern public health workforce is a unique mix of professional and paraprofessional workers. Few have formal public health education. From 2009 to 2012, the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) collaborated with a Northern Advisory Group to develop and implement a strategy to strengthen public health capacity in Canada's 3 northern territories. Access to relevant, effective continuing education was identified as a key issue. Challenges include diverse educational and cultural backgrounds of public health workers, geographical isolation and variable technological infrastructure across the north. Methods PHAC's Skills Online program offers Internet-based continuing education modules for public health professionals. In partnership with the Northern Advisory Group, PHAC conducted 3 pilots between 2008 and 2012 to assess the appropriateness of the Skills Online program for Northern/Aboriginal public health workers. Module content and delivery modalities were adapted for the pilots. Adaptations included adding Inuit and Northern public health examples and using video and teleconference discussions to augment the online self-study component. Results Findings from the pilots were informative and similar to those from previous Skills Online pilots with learners in developing countries. Online learning is effective in bridging the geographical barriers in remote locations. Incorporating content on Northern and Aboriginal health issues facilitates engagement in learning. Employer support facilitates the recruitment and retention of learners in an online program. Facilitator assets included experience as a public health professional from the north, and flexibility to use modified approaches to support and measure knowledge acquisition and application, especially for First Nations, Inuit and Metis learners. Conclusions Results demonstrate that appropriate adaptations to online professional development can provide practical, accessible means for a wide range of Northern/Aboriginal public health workers to acquire core competencies for public health.

Bell, Marnie; MacDougall, Karen

2013-01-01

22

The changing information environment for nanotechnology: online audiences and content  

Microsoft Academic Search

The shift toward online communication in all realms, from print newspapers to broadcast television, has implications for how\\u000a the general public consumes information about nanotechnology. The goal of this study is threefold: to investigate who is using\\u000a online sources for information and news about science and nanotechnology, to examine what the general public is searching\\u000a for online with regards to

Ashley A. Anderson; Dominique Brossard; Dietram A. Scheufele

2010-01-01

23

Personalized online information search and visualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The rapid growth of online publications such as the Medline and other sources raises the questions how to get the relevant information efficiently. It is important, for a bench scientist, e.g., to monitor related publications constantly. It is also important, for a clinician, e.g., to access the patient records anywhere and anytime. Although time-consuming, this kind of searching procedure

Dongquan Chen; Helmuth F Orthner; Susan M Sell

2005-01-01

24

ANTECEDENTS OF ONLINE INFORMATION SEEKING  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study designed to explore individual differences in uncertainty-reducing behavior regarding new and existing friends via online information seeking (OIS). Personality traits and social context were measured by surveying a sample of 377 Facebook users. Global uncertainty had a positive relationship with active information seeking about new friends, whereas communication apprehension was associated with seeking information

Michael A. Stefanone; Carolyn M. Hurley; Z. Janet Yang

2012-01-01

25

Information Evaluation and Online Coursework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since 2007 the author has been teaching a hybrid Information Literacy course at Lakeview High School in Battle Creek, Michigan. It combines an online information literacy focus with real-world library work experience in her media center. This blended course has just been revised so that high school graduates will be able to fulfill Michigan's…

Lincoln, Margaret

2010-01-01

26

Personalized online information search and visualization  

PubMed Central

Background The rapid growth of online publications such as the Medline and other sources raises the questions how to get the relevant information efficiently. It is important, for a bench scientist, e.g., to monitor related publications constantly. It is also important, for a clinician, e.g., to access the patient records anywhere and anytime. Although time-consuming, this kind of searching procedure is usually similar and simple. Likely, it involves a search engine and a visualization interface. Different words or combination reflects different research topics. The objective of this study is to automate this tedious procedure by recording those words/terms in a database and online sources, and use the information for an automated search and retrieval. The retrieved information will be available anytime and anywhere through a secure web server. Results We developed such a database that stored searching terms, journals and et al., and implement a piece of software for searching the medical subject heading-indexed sources such as the Medline and other online sources automatically. The returned information were stored locally, as is, on a server and visible through a Web-based interface. The search was performed daily or otherwise scheduled and the users logon to the website anytime without typing any words. The system has potentials to retrieve similarly from non-medical subject heading-indexed literature or a privileged information source such as a clinical information system. The issues such as security, presentation and visualization of the retrieved information were thus addressed. One of the presentation issues such as wireless access was also experimented. A user survey showed that the personalized online searches saved time and increased and relevancy. Handheld devices could also be used to access the stored information but less satisfactory. Conclusion The Web-searching software or similar system has potential to be an efficient tool for both bench scientists and clinicians for their daily information needs.

Chen, Dongquan; Orthner, Helmuth F; Sell, Susan M

2005-01-01

27

Energy Information Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need to search several files to obtain the maximum information on energy is emphasized. Energyline, APILIT, APIPAT, PIE News, TULSA, NTIS, and Chemical Abstracts Condensates files are described. (KP)

Miller, Betty

1978-01-01

28

Online Information. Selected Databases at the New York State Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure describes the online information services at the New York State Library, which has online access to over 250 databases covering a broad range of subject areas, including current events, law, science, medicine, public affairs, grants, business, computer technology, education, social welfare, and humanities. Many of these databases are…

New York State Library, Albany. Database Services.

29

Going Online With Ocean Drilling Publications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1999, the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) transitioned from a print publication format to a hybrid print/electronic format of its Initial Reports (IR) series. A year later, the Scientific Results (SR) series joined the electronic era. Our mandate was to produce a fully functional electronic publication in HTML and PDF formats that would also function as a professionally typeset printed publication. The IR series disseminates the preliminary scientific knowledge gained during each ODP cruise, whereas the SR series is a venue for publishing independent research conducted after each cruise and often includes extensive data sets and many color images. Although both series are published as a print/CD-ROM hybrid and on the Web, the IR online version follows publication of the CD, whereas the SR online version precedes it. This unique format--neither all print, all electronic, or print with electronic replica of print--led to interesting challenges that few other publishers had to grapple with when going electronic. ODP's formal transition from print to electronic publication was concentrated in a 2-year period, but fortunately, staff members had honed many valuable online editing and production skills prior to that time as a cost-saving means of publishing hardcover books. This made the transition rather seamless for the staff; however, issues pertaining to multiplatform publications still had to be addressed. These included word choices that made sense regardless of whether the material was being viewed on paper, on CD, or on the Web; the creation of alternative citation formats; policies on revising already published electronic material; etc. In our experience, the advantages for publishers and readers have outweighed the growing pains of moving to electronic publishing. For example, SR authors typically see their manuscripts published 4-5 months after acceptance, whereas it used to take 7-9 months. The accessibility of the online publications has significantly widened distribution. And the CD-ROM product allows ODP to enhance the electronic resources available to researchers by including an index of all published IR/SR volume pairs on each CD, detailed site maps, movies, unlimited color images, and other supplementary data sets provided by authors. Our next venture is to digitize the older printed ODP volumes and the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) series and make these publications available online in HTML and PDF formats as well. This will provide the scientific community with more than 30 years of marine earth science research at the click of a mouse, a legacy that will be built upon by the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) in the near future.

Klaus, A. D.; Petronotis, K. E.

2003-12-01

30

Information diffusion through online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid development of online social networks has attracted much attention all over the world. Communications through online communities are becoming prevalent among people of all ages. Though online social networks provide us a platform to share opinions publicly, this mechanism will also lead to the generation of rumors especially in case of emergency. So it is urgent for researchers

Bo Xu; Lu Liu

2010-01-01

31

Laboratory Exercises in Online Information Assurance Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information assurance courses delivered in an online environment pose challenges to the development of meaningful hands-on exercises for students. This article presents techniques on furnishing laboratory exercises to online students and presents examples of assignments drawn from the author's experiences in teaching online courses for over three…

Bhagyavati

2006-01-01

32

Laboratory exercises in online information assurance courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information assurance courses delivered in an online environment pose challenges to the development of meaningful hands-on exercises for students. This article presents techniques on furnishing laboratory exercises to online students and presents examples of assignments drawn from the author's experiences in teaching online courses for over three years. These assignments have proven successful in enhancing the learning experiences of undergraduate

Bhagyavati

2006-01-01

33

Discovering information diffusion paths from blogosphere for online advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

Allowing global distribution of information to large audiences at very low cost, the Internet has emerged as a vital medium for marketing and advertising. Weblogs, a new form of self publication on the Internet, have attracted online advertisers because of their incredible growth-rate in recent years. In this paper, we propose to discover information diffusion paths from the blogosphere to

Avaré Stewart; Ling Chen; Raluca Paiu; Wolfgang Nejdl

2007-01-01

34

Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Produced and maintained by the Transportation Research Board (TRB) at the National Academies of Sciences, "the Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) Database is the world's largest and most comprehensive bibliographic resource on transportation information." Recently, an online version of TRIS was launched as a component of the National Transportation Library, providing access to over 400,000 bibliographic records covering transportation research published in books, journal articles, technical reports, and other media. The records cover the literature from the 1960s to the present, including federal, state, local, and association publications. Users can search the database by author, title, or keyword, with a number of modifiers. Search returns include title, author, journal title (where applicable), date, an abstract, and where the resource can be obtained. In some instances, links to the full text or sources of the full text are provided.

35

Online Disability Accommodations: Faculty Experiences at One Public University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the number of postsecondary students with disabilities in online courses continues to rise, it is important that faculty and their institutions continue to assess their ability to provide online accommodations. In this study, researchers examined the online accommodation experiences of faculty at one public university. Roughly 24% of faculty…

Phillips, Amy; Terras, Katherine; Swinney, Lori; Schneweis, Carol

2012-01-01

36

Online Databases as Sources of Linguistic Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This description of the types of linguistic information obtainable from online databases generally used to acquire technical information includes examples of equivalent words, English usage, and statistical linguistic data. The implications of online databases as substitutes for dictionaries and as corpora for linguistic survey are considered.…

Sano, Hikomaro

1988-01-01

37

Public information officers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Criminal justice Public Information Officers (PIOs) are a unique criminal justice specialty and key gatekeepers in the production of crime and justice information. The findings of a 1998 survey of the Florida PIO professional association members and nonmembers are reported. The results show that a typical PIO is a middle-aged, sworn, college-educated male. PIOs have also shifted away from criminal

Ray Surette

2001-01-01

38

AIDS PUBLIC INFORMATION DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

The AIDS Public Information Data Set is computer software designed to run on a Microsoft Windows microcomputer, and contains information abstracted from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cases reported in the United States. The data set is created by the Division of HIV/A...

39

Public Participation in Analytic-Deliberative Decision Making: Evaluating a Large-Group Online Field Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports an evaluation of the quality and scale of interactions during an online field experiment. A large number of individuals (n= 179) worked with an online public participation geographic information system (PPGIS) platform during a month-long field experiment about regional transportation improvement decision making in the central Puget Sound area of Washington. The system platform logged more than

Timothy Nyerges; Robert W. Aguirre

2011-01-01

40

The changing information environment for nanotechnology: online audiences and content  

PubMed Central

The shift toward online communication in all realms, from print newspapers to broadcast television, has implications for how the general public consumes information about nanotechnology. The goal of this study is threefold: to investigate who is using online sources for information and news about science and nanotechnology, to examine what the general public is searching for online with regards to nanotechnology, and to analyze what they find in online content of nanotechnology. Using survey data, we find those who report the Internet as their primary source of science and technology news are diverse in age, more knowledgeable about science and nanotechnology, highly educated, male, and more diverse racially than users of other media. In a comparison of demographic data on actual visits by online users to general news and science Web sites, science sites attracted more male, non-white users from the Western region of the United States than news sites did. News sites, on the other hand, attracted those with a slightly higher level of education. Our analysis of published estimates of keyword searches on nanotechnology reveals people are turning to the Internet to search for keyword searches related to the future, health, and applications of nanotechnology. A content analysis of online content reveals health content dominates overall. Comparisons of content in different types of sites—blogs, government, and general sites—are conducted. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11051-010-9860-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Brossard, Dominique; Scheufele, Dietram A.

2010-01-01

41

Graphic Interfaces and Online Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the growing importance of the use of Graphic User Interfaces (GUIs) with microcomputers and online services. Highlights include the development of graphics interfacing with microcomputers; CD-ROM databases; an evaluation of HyperCard as a potential interface to electronic mail and online commercial databases; and future possibilities.…

Percival, J. Mark

1990-01-01

42

The anatomy of online information for physicians.  

PubMed Central

Online medical networked information (OMNI) is one of the newest and fastest growing types of information sources for physicians. The authors present an organizational framework for understanding the range of available OMNI sources and discuss the practical applications, strengths and limitations of online resources. Physicians can now gain access on line to a wealth of information relating to many aspects of clinical medicine and can consult interactively with colleagues on clinical and research questions. The limitations of networked online resources include lack of access, difficulty in navigating online systems and the potential for fraudulent use. Net-worked online systems are growing in popularity and may become integral to medical practice as barriers to efficient use are overcome.

Mendelson, D N; Levinson, J; Gaylin, D S

1996-01-01

43

Online Media Within the Public Service Realm?Reasons to Include Online into the Public Service Mission  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public service media are no longer limited to radio and television as new media genres emerge. Among others, the online medium has supplemented radio, television and the press since the mid-1990s and has become a medium in its own right. Moreover, online media have become essential elements of media consumption patterns. Public service media compete not only with private radio

Josef Trappel

2008-01-01

44

Online Information Retrieval Bibliography: Second Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This second annual update of the bibliography on on-line information retrieval lists references covering mid-1977 to mid-1978 and is divided into seven subject areas, arranged alphabetically by author, with permuted title and author indexes included. (CWM)|

Hawkins, Donald T.

1979-01-01

45

The Emerging Internationalism of Online Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Until 1980 online information retrieval and dissemination services were for the most part based in the United States. Today, however, a variety of information services as well as packet-switched networks are emerging in other countries. Although U.S. developed software still predominates in overall use, activity in Europe and other countries is…

Summit, Roger K.

46

Online information sources: tools of business intelligence?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organisations seek to use information intelligently and to generate business intelligence for future profitable prospects. Although not regarded as business intelligence per se, there is a role for commercially produced online information sources and internally generated intranet resources in business intelligence activity. For example, the human post-coordination of raw data from a commercial source may direct business decisions; Web pages

Hazel Hall

2000-01-01

47

Online Soil Information Systems - Recent Australian Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian agencies are starting to provide online access to soil in- formation through the Australian Soil Resource Information System (ASRIS - www.asris.csiro.au). ASRIS has been designed to integrate soil information collected using both conventional and digital methods. Here we review our experience in developing the system and focus on the importance of good standards for data col- lection and exchange.

N. J. McKenzie; D. W. Jacquier; L. J. Gregory

48

The Emerging Internationalism of Online Information Retrieval.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Until 1980 online information retrieval and dissemination services were for the most part based in the United States. Today, however, a variety of information services as well as packet-switched networks are emerging in other countries. Although U.S. deve...

R. K. Summit

1980-01-01

49

ONLINE ARCHIVAL CATALOGING AND PUBLIC ACCESS AT THE MINNESOTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the process of developing an online public access catalog to serve its users, the Minnesota Historical Society has had to solve problems concerning the content of catalog records, system selection, portability of machinereadable records between systems, retrospective conversion of information in manual formats, and compatibility of bibliographic data about information resources in multiple physical formats. The process was accelerated

DENNIS MEISSNER

1992-01-01

50

Impact of Online Resources on Informal Learners: Parents' Perception of Their Parenting Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Internet and Web technology development have opened up new ways for people to communicate, gain new information and increase their knowledge. One particular area of interest is that of using online resources to empower informal learners to increase their knowledge at their own time and space. One could look at an online resource as a public

Na, Jin-Cheon; Chia, Shee Wai

2008-01-01

51

Online Sources for Competitor Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Competitor information gathering is a key aspect of business planning. Information can be collected from either published or unpublished sources. Unpublished information will often be verified based on material from published sources. Published information is more likely to be factual and includes financial, stockmarket, press, market and…

Weiss, Arthur

52

An integration of online and pseudo-online information for cursive word recognition.  

PubMed

In this paper, we present a novel method to extract stroke order independent information from online data. This information, which we term pseudo-online, conveys relevant information on the offline representation of the word. Based on this information, a combination of classification decisions from online and pseudo-online cursive word recognizers is performed to improve the recognition of online cursive words. One of the most valuable aspects of this approach with respect to similar methods that combine online and offline classifiers for word recognition is that the pseudo-online representation is similar to the online signal and, hence, word recognition is based on a single engine. Results demonstrate that the pseudo-online representation is useful as the combination of classifiers perform better than those based solely on pure online information. PMID:15875790

Steinherz, Tal; Rivlin, Ehud; Intrator, Nathan; Neskovic, Predrag

2005-05-01

53

Local Studies Collections Online: An Investigation in Irish Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper aims to investigate how public libraries in Ireland are using their websites to present local studies collections online. Design/methodology/approach: All the websites of public libraries in Ireland were evaluated against a checklist of 50 criteria by one of the authors. An analytic description was provided of the four…

Barry, Lara; Tedd, Lucy A.

2008-01-01

54

The Standardization of Online Public Relations Is Imperative  

Microsoft Academic Search

The existing problems of online public relations industry have seriously affected the healthy development of the industry; therefore the industry standardization is imperative. Firstly, we review the fact that public relations were obstructed during its development in the mid and late 1990s in China, from which we could draw a lesson. Secondly, we analyze the construction of PR industry's standards

Li Hongxin; Ma Jing; Duan Weihe

2010-01-01

55

Online Information Search Strategies: A Focus On Flights and Accommodations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of the research was to understand information search strategies that individuals utilized in online travel product purchases. Two products, flights and accommodations, were selected to examine each product's explanatory variables in online purchase behaviors. The results indicate online flight purchasers utilize direct information sources and focus on transactional attributes. Online accommodation purchasers utilize various types of sources; and

Soo Hyun Jun; Christine A. Vogt; Kelly J. MacKay

2010-01-01

56

Sports Information Online: Searching the SPORT Database and Tips for Finding Sports Medicine Information Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first article describes SPORT, a database providing international coverage of athletics and physical education, and compares it to other online services in terms of coverage, thesauri, possible search strategies, and actual usage. The second article reviews available online information on sports medicine. (CLB)

Janke, Richard V.; And Others

1988-01-01

57

Sports Information Online: Searching the SPORT Database and Tips for Finding Sports Medicine Information Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The first article describes SPORT, a database providing international coverage of athletics and physical education, and compares it to other online services in terms of coverage, thesauri, possible search strategies, and actual usage. The second article reviews available online information on sports medicine. (CLB)|

Janke, Richard V.; And Others

1988-01-01

58

Popular Magazines Discuss Online Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines 55 articles from 25 popular magazines such as "Better Homes and Gardens,""Business Week,""Popular Mechanics," and "Working Woman" and discusses purpose of the articles, consumer oriented online services, libraries and information centers, databases, and publishers and intermediaries. A list of the articles is appended. (EJS)|

Diodato, Virgil

1984-01-01

59

Popular Magazines Discuss Online Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines 55 articles from 25 popular magazines such as "Better Homes and Gardens,""Business Week,""Popular Mechanics," and "Working Woman" and discusses purpose of the articles, consumer oriented online services, libraries and information centers, databases, and publishers and intermediaries. A list of the articles is appended. (EJS)

Diodato, Virgil

1984-01-01

60

PharmGuide: your guide to free online drug information.  

PubMed

PharmGuide < http://goo.gl/f14Me >is an annotated directory of high quality, freely available, online drug information resources intended for use by librarians, pharmacists, and the public. Given the plethora of drug information websites with varying levels of authoritativeness and accuracy, PharmGuide is intended to facilitate the search for resources by providing links to only those sources that have been critically appraised and that meet specific quality criteria. Methods used in developing the site, evidence of its utility based on usage statistics, and examples of its application in practice are presented within the context of the drug information landscape. PMID:23607465

Chatfield, Amy J; Chatterley, Trish; Siebert, Jean L; Koffel, Jonathan

2013-01-01

61

Going Online With Ocean Drilling Publications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1999, the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) transitioned from a print publication format to a hybrid print\\/electronic format of its Initial Reports (IR) series. A year later, the Scientific Results (SR) series joined the electronic era. Our mandate was to produce a fully functional electronic publication in HTML and PDF formats that would also function as a professionally typeset printed

A. D. Klaus; K. E. Petronotis

2003-01-01

62

Online Public Access Catalog: The Google Maps of the Library World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What do Google Maps and a library's Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC) have in common? Google Maps provides users with all the information they need for a trip in one place; users can get directions and find out what attractions, hotels, and restaurants are close by. Librarians must find the ultimate OPAC that will provide, in one place, all the…

Bailey, Kieren

2011-01-01

63

Keyword/Boolean Searching on an Online Public Access Catalog: Patrons and Their Perceptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of a study which explored how patron perceptions and demographics related to keyword/Boolean searching on Indiana State University's (ISU) Library User Information System (LUIS), the online public access catalog (OPAC). Two general theses guide the study: (1) whether the use or non-use of keyword searching on LUIS…

Ensor, Pat

64

Influence of online consumer reviews on tourists' information search and their attitude change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies on general marketing and consumer behavior suggest in the literature that online customer reviews influence consumer information search behaviors and the market success of products. Yet little academic effort has been exerted in the tourism and hospitality context to test claims about the instrumental role of online public reviews on tourists who read them in a pre-purchase stage

Oun-Joung Park

2010-01-01

65

Seeking Health Information Online: Does Wikipedia Matter?  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the significance of the English Wikipedia as a source of online health information. Design The authors measured Wikipedia's ranking on general Internet search engines by entering keywords from MedlinePlus, NHS Direct Online, and the National Organization of Rare Diseases as queries into search engine optimization software. We assessed whether article quality influenced this ranking. The authors tested whether traffic to Wikipedia coincided with epidemiological trends and news of emerging health concerns, and how it compares to MedlinePlus. Measurements Cumulative incidence and average position of Wikipedia® compared to other Web sites among the first 20 results on general Internet search engines (Google®, Google UK®, Yahoo®, and MSN®), and page view statistics for selected Wikipedia articles and MedlinePlus pages. Results Wikipedia ranked among the first ten results in 71–85% of search engines and keywords tested. Wikipedia surpassed MedlinePlus and NHS Direct Online (except for queries from the latter on Google UK), and ranked higher with quality articles. Wikipedia ranked highest for rare diseases, although its incidence in several categories decreased. Page views increased parallel to the occurrence of 20 seasonal disorders and news of three emerging health concerns. Wikipedia articles were viewed more often than MedlinePlus Topic (p = 0.001) but for MedlinePlus Encyclopedia pages, the trend was not significant (p = 0.07–0.10). Conclusions Based on its search engine ranking and page view statistics, the English Wikipedia is a prominent source of online health information compared to the other online health information providers studied.

Laurent, Michael R.; Vickers, Tim J.

2009-01-01

66

Local studies collections online: an investigation in Irish public libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to investigate how public libraries in Ireland are using their websites to present local studies collections online. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – All the websites of public libraries in Ireland were evaluated against a checklist of 50 criteria by one of the authors. An analytic description was provided of the four highest-ranking websites and semi-structured interviews were held

Lara Barry; Lucy A. Tedd

2008-01-01

67

Teaching Public Finance Administration Online: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A case study of an online masters course in public finance administration, conducted primarily through texts and electronic bulletin boards with no face-to-face contact, found advantages (time and space independence) and disadvantages (lack of interaction with instructors) for both faculty and students. Although student grades equaled those in…

Ebdon, Carol

1999-01-01

68

Protecting Private Information in Online Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because personal information can be inferred from associations with friends, privacy becomes increasingly important as online\\u000a social network services gain more popularity. Our recent study showed that the causal relations among friends in social networks\\u000a can be modeled by a Bayesian network, and personal attribute values can be inferred with high accuracy from close friends\\u000a in the social network. Based

Jianming He; Wesley W. Chu

2008-01-01

69

Lognormal infection times of online information spread.  

PubMed

The infection times of individuals in online information spread such as the inter-arrival time of Twitter messages or the propagation time of news stories on a social media site can be explained through a convolution of lognormally distributed observation and reaction times of the individual participants. Experimental measurements support the lognormal shape of the individual contributing processes, and have resemblance to previously reported lognormal distributions of human behavior and contagious processes. PMID:23700473

Doerr, Christian; Blenn, Norbert; Van Mieghem, Piet

2013-05-21

70

Discovery and Protection of Sensitive Linkage Information for Online Social Networks Services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper investigates the problem of suppressing access to sensitive linkage information over data published by users of an online social network service. We unveil the potential threats by inferring linkage information from the user-published data, and suggest a class of data publishing schemes to enable distributed data publication by individual users but hide the sensitive information. Our hope is that this white paper shed lights on the future investigation of privacy-preserving online social network services.

Zhang, Nan; Song, Min; Fu, Xinwen; Yu, Wei

71

32 CFR 518.6 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Public information. 518.6 Section... AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT...General Provisions § 518.6 Public information. (a) Public...

2009-07-01

72

Automatic Extraction of Reference Linking Information from Online Documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Web, with its explosive growth, is becoming an efficient resource for up-to- date information for the scientific researcher. Informal online archives are reposi- tories for technical reports. Proceedings are more and more commonly published on the Web. The collection of online journals is growing. Indeed, a good number of online journals are \\

Donna Bergmark

73

Public health information infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public health infrastructure is a set of agencies and organizations whose mission is to create the environment in which we can be healthy. This broadest of definitions includes state and local health departments, selected federal agencies, and a wide range of other governmental, nonprofit, and for-profit agencies and organizations. This report will limit itself to state and local health

JOEL L. NITZKIN; CHRISTOPHER BUTTERY

2008-01-01

74

[Drug administration and information dissemination via online].  

PubMed

The present study aims at verifying and describing how on-line communication of nursing knowledge concerning administration of medication is taking place. In order to assess the websites, the search tool Meta Busca-Terra (www.terra.com.br) was used. One hundred and sixty-six websites were found; however, only 45 were related to the topic. These were analyzed and categorized according to types of presentation, websites, languages, and homepages. It was verified that they presented common characteristics, such as: Articles (18), Informative Bulletins (8) and Medication Advertisements (7). Regarding the websites, Yahoo distinguished from the others, since it featured 34 websites. The predominant language was English, which was found in 36 websites. The on-line communication of knowledge is fundamental in regard to administration of medication for it allows the dissemination of knowledge at a faster and more productive pace. Undoubtedly, clients and professionals will be highly benefited. PMID:12098858

Telles Filho, P C; Galdeano, L E; Miasso, A I; Caliri, M H; Mendes, I A

75

Toward better Alzheimer's research information sources for the public.  

PubMed

The National Plan to Address Alzheimer's Disease calls for a new relationship between researchers and members of the public. This relationship is one that provides research information to patients and allows patients to provide ideas to researchers. One way to describe it is a "bidirectional translational relationship." Despite the numerous sources of online and offline information about Alzheimer's disease, there is no information source which currently provides this interaction. This article proposes the creation an Alzheimer's research information source dedicated to monitoring Alzheimer's research literature and providing user friendly, publicly accessible summaries of data written specifically for a lay audience. This information source should contain comprehensive, updated, user friendly, publicly available, reviews of Alzheimer's research and utilize existing online multimedia/social networking tools to provide information in useful formats that help patients, caregivers, and researchers learn rapidly from one another. PMID:23423479

Payne, Perry W

2013-02-18

76

Online Education: the Needs, Interests, and Capacities of Wisconsin Public Health Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need to develop online educational opportunities for public health professionals has been clearly documented nationwide and specifically in Wisconsin. Preliminary evaluations have identified the advantages and effectiveness of online learning for public health education. However, few studies have examined public health professionals' use of, confidence with, and interest in online technologies, formats, and topics. These data are pertinent to

Kaija L. Zusevics; Gary D. Gilmore; Robert A. Jecklin; Geoffrey R. Swain

2009-01-01

77

Informational Environments: Organizational Contexts of Online Information Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines sustained use and non-use of online services within organizations using an open-systems view that overcomes limitations of traditional approaches that led to over-estimates of use. Focuses on the informational environments of firms in three industries: law, real estate, and biotech/pharmaceuticals; and discusses insights from an…

Lamb, Roberta; King, John Leslie; Kling, Rob

2003-01-01

78

Wikipedia as Public Scholarship: Communicating Our Impact Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To contribute to the forum asking "Has Communication Research Made a Difference?," this essay examines whether communication scholarship makes a difference (a) to those who search for information online, (b) in the sense that a primary way our research can make a difference is through its accessibility, and (c) by using the criteria of its…

Rush, Elizabeth K.; Tracy, Sarah J.

2010-01-01

79

Using Research on Learning from Text to Inform Online Discussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on research literature on online discussion and on reading and learning from the text, we argue that research on learning from text has much to offer but has been largely absent in informing the design and study of online learning environments. We propose several key issues to be considered in research and development of online discussion,…

Gao, Fei; Putnam, Ralph T.

2009-01-01

80

An Exploratory Study of Biology Teachers' Online Information Seeking Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on exploratory research that investigated biology teachers' perceptions of their online information seeking practices and how these practices influenced their instructional planning activities. Quantitative and qualitative analyses of the results of an online survey and ten in-depth interviews measuring use of specific online

Perrault, Anne Marie

2007-01-01

81

WHAT IS A PUBLIC INFORMATION SYSTEM?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public information systems are information systems available for public use. There are public information systems both in the public sector and in the private sector, and both citizens and businesses may be users of such systems. Public information systems are analysed from several perspectives as regards users and usages, data contents, and technical, organisational, and legal aspects. Some proposals concerning

BO SUNDGREN

2005-01-01

82

Fishing for Information: Finding Online Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Public schools in the United States are facing a growing literacy crisis. Approximately a quarter of the population of 12th-grade students are still reading below basic levels, which means that they are barely able to comprehend at a literal level, make interpretations, identify relevant information, make simple inferences, and recognize and…

Zorfass, Judith M.; Minotti, Jennifer A.

2006-01-01

83

Analysis on the Consumer's online Information Search Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the development of network, especially e-commerce's appearance, consumer enters a new environment of trade. As a high degree of price dispersion in the online market, customer's information search behavior also changes. The process of information search of consumers is complex. The article discusses more about the influence factors of consumer's online information search behavior, e-tailer's prices search cost and

Guan Hai-Ling; Cheng Bao-Dong

2009-01-01

84

Crisis Communication Issue Discussion with the Prospect of Online Public Opinion  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the Internet's technical characteristics, it allows audiences to give feedback by public sentiment and opinion in the cyber space, the interactive relationship between the public and organization has been promoted to an important position. This paper focuses on crisis communication issues from the perspective of online public opinion, analyzes the new characteristics of online public opinion, and some countermeasures

Zong Liyong; Gu Baoyan; Jiang Liangfu

2010-01-01

85

Public policymaking and research information  

PubMed Central

The public policymaking process presents behavior analysts with opportunities to shape public policy and influence decisions that affect the evolution of communities. Although the scientist-advocate's role in public policymaking has received increased attention, little attention has been given to behavioral analyses of the policymaking context. This paper describes the stages of policymaking, including agenda formation, policy adoption, policy implementation, and policy review. It also analyzes seven types of research information important in agenda formation and policy adoption—information about the dimensions of an issue, number of people affected, relative standing of an issue, interests of those involved, controlling variables, program alternatives, and program acceptability. Methods for communicating research information to policymakers are discussed.

Seekins, Tom; Fawcett, Stephen B.

1986-01-01

86

77 FR 20010 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Online Customer Relationship Management (CRM...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Minority Business Development Agency Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Online Customer Relationship Management (CRM)/Performance Databases, the Online Phoenix Database, and the Online...

2012-04-03

87

DOT COM Disclosures: Information about Online Advertising.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Although the number of companies advertising online and the number of consumers shopping online are soaring, fraud and deception may dampen consumer confidence in the e-marketplace. But cyberspace is not without boundaries, and fraud and deception are unl...

2000-01-01

88

Online Information 96. Proceedings of the International Online Information Meeting (20th, London, England, UK, December 3-5, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This proceedings volume contains 68 papers. Subjects addressed include: access to information; the future of information managers/librarians; intelligent agents; changing roles of library users; disintermediation; Internet review sites; World Wide Web (WWW) search engines; Java; online searching; future of online education; integrated information

Raitt, David I., Ed.; Jeapes, Ben, Ed.

89

Online Catalogs and Library Portals in Today's Information Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the transformation of the card catalog into the online public access catalog came the expectation of its increased functionality. For the most part, today's online catalogs perform an expanded list of tasks quite effectively. Bibliographic utilities, system vendors, and individual libraries continue to improve bibliographic retrieval by providing new and better services through the catalog. In spite of these

John D. Byrum Jr

2005-01-01

90

ROMANSE Public Transport Information Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ROMANSE is multi-million pound pilot project based in Southampton. It aims to use Advanced Transport Telematics (ATT) to develop the city as a model for transport management systems across Europe. ROMANSE achieves this by providing realtime traffic and travel information to influence travel behaviour, increase the use of public transport, maximize the efficiency of the transport system and provide high-quality information for use in strategic policy decisions.

Brown, Steven

91

Informal Learning in an Online Community of Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

What role can online communities play in meeting the informal learning needs of a professional association? This article presents the results of an interpretive study of the experiences of coordinators of Alberta Community Adult Learning Councils who participated in an online community of practice designed to support informal workplace learning. Through active participation and peripheral \\

Bette Gray

92

Online Learning Communities: Enhancing Undergraduate Students' Acquisition of Information Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of online learning communities (OLC) on enhancing the undergraduate students' acquisition of information skills. OLC was compared with online tutorials and one-shot face-to-face sessions designed to facilitate students' information skill acquisition. Data were gathered through…

Dominguez-Flores, Noraida; Wang, Ling

2011-01-01

93

Clinical decision support tools: analysis of online drug information databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Online drug information databases are used to assist in enhancing clinical decision support. However, the choice of which online database to consult, purchase or subscribe to is likely made based on subjective elements such as history of use, familiarity, or availability during professional training. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical decision support tools for drug information

Kevin A Clauson; Wallace A Marsh; Hyla H Polen; Matthew J Seamon; Blanca I Ortiz

2007-01-01

94

University Students' Online Information Searching Strategies in Different Search Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the role of search context played in university students' online information searching strategies. A total of 304 university students in Taiwan were surveyed with questionnaires in which two search contexts were defined as searching for learning, and searching for daily life information. Students' online search strategies…

Tsai, Meng-Jung; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Hou, Huei-Tse; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2012-01-01

95

Tracking and Modeling Information Diffusion across Interactive Online Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information spreads rapidly across Web sites, Web logs and online forums. This paper describes the research framework of the IDIOM Project (Information Diffusion across Interactive Online Media),1 which analyzes this process by identifying redundant content elements, mapping them to an ontological knowledge structure, and tracking their temporal and geographic distribution. Linguists define \\

Arno Scharl; Albert Weichselbraun; Wei Liu

96

Affording to exchange: social capital and online information sharing.  

PubMed

The potential harm and benefit associated with sharing personal information online is a topic of debate and discussion. Using survey methods (n=872), we explore whether attainment of social capital online relates to greater comfort with sharing personal information. We found that perceptions of bridging and bonding social capital earned from using Facebook are significant predictors of overall comfort levels with sharing personal information. This research raises timely questions about how the perceived benefits of social networking sites influence how personal information is shared online. PMID:23600613

Maksl, Adam; Young, Rachel

2013-04-19

97

Beyond the online catalog: developing an academic information system in the sciences.  

PubMed Central

The online public access catalog consists essentially of a machine-readable database with network capabilities. Like other computer-based information systems, it may be continuously enhanced by the addition of new capabilities and databases. It may also become a gateway to other information networks. This paper reports the evolution of the Bibliographic Access and Control System (BACS) of Washington University in end-user searching, current awareness services, information management, and administrative functions. Ongoing research and development and the future of the online catalog are also discussed.

Crawford, S; Halbrook, B; Kelly, E; Stucki, L

1987-01-01

98

Sharing Metadata: Enabling Online Information Provision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes work being carried out in the fields of online education provision and library systems, beginning with a description of the current state of the art with regard to online learning environments and educational materials management. Suggestions and solutions for librarians dealing with the management of educational digital…

Darzentas, Jenny

99

Online Library Systems: Bringing Information to People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|OCLC is a computer network system providing an online union catalog and cataloging, interlibrary loan, serials control, name-address directory, acquisitions, and circulation control services to over 4000 user terminals linked together by dedicated leased telephone lines or by dial access systems. OCLC users have at their fingertips online files…

OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc., Dublin, OH.

100

Program-Integrated Information Literacy Instruction for Online Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Academic librarians often provide information literacy support for specific courses or topics in the form of research guides, one-shot training sessions, library orientations, or by embedding library content into online courses. Less frequently, they provide continuous program-level support on-campus or online. This paper highlights the value of…

Kumar, Swapna; Ochoa, Marilyn

2012-01-01

101

Embedding General Education Competencies into an Online Information Literacy Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessing core competencies for students who are enrolled in purely online programs poses a challenge to colleges and universities. Our institution has chosen an existing online information literacy course to incorporate and assess general education competencies for an overseas cohort of transfer students. This article presents a brief overview of the course and describes the way in which the course

Srivalli Rao; Agnes Cameron; Susan Gaskin-Noel

2009-01-01

102

Issues in Measuring Time to Teach Information Systems Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past decade, the use of online education to deliver information systems courses and even entire degree programs has increased significantly. One result of this growth in dis- tance education is that an increasing number of faculty members are being asked to teach an expanding number and variety of courses in an online format. The time required to teach

Gregory W. Hislop; Heidi J. C. Ellis

2004-01-01

103

Information Overload and the Message Dynamics of Online Interaction Spaces: A Theoretical Model and Empirical Exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

nline spaces that enable shared public interpersonal communications are of significant social, organiza- tional, and economic importance. In this paper, a theoretical model and associated unobtrusive method are proposed for researching the relationship between online spaces and the behavior they host. The model focuses on the collective impact that individual information-overload coping strategies have on the dynamics of open, interactive

Quentin Jones; Gilad Ravid; Sheizaf Rafaeli

2004-01-01

104

Use and outcome of online health information services: a study among Scottish population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report on a research designed to find out how people in Scotland access and use online health information. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – It is based on a survey of two sets of population in Glasgow – a group of 64 users from the general public and a group of 24 post graduate students

Jenny Harbour; Gobinda G. Chowdhury

2007-01-01

105

7 CFR 800.8 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GENERAL REGULATIONS Administration § 800.8 Public information. ...been denied, for public inspection and copying...Packers and Stockyards Administration, at 14th Street...C. 20250. The public may request...

2013-01-01

106

China's Chemical Information Online Service: ChI2Net.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the Chemical Integrated Information Service Network (ChI2Net), a comprehensive online information service system which includes chemical, technical, economic, market, news, and management information based on computer and modern communication technology that was built by the China National Chemical Information Centre. (Author/LRW)|

Naiyan, Yu; And Others

1997-01-01

107

Online Training for the End User or Information Consumer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A review of the literature indicates that innovations in technology are making it possible for the consumer of information, the end user, to gather his own information online. The information specialist's role is changing from that of a researcher to a trainer and leader in the information gathering process. Reports on end user training indicate…

Gordon, Dena W.

108

Online Training for the End User or Information Consumer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature indicates that innovations in technology are making it possible for the consumer of information, the end user, to gather his own information online. The information specialist's role is changing from that of a researcher to a trainer and leader in the information gathering process. Reports on end user training indicate…

Gordon, Dena W.

109

The Marine Realms Information Bank Family of Digital Libraries: Access to Free Online Information for Coastal and Marine Science  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Searching the World Wide Web for reliable information about specific topics or locations can be frustrating: too many hits, too little relevance. A well-designed digital library, offering a carefully selected collection of online resources, is an attractive alternative to web search engines. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides three digital libraries for coastal and marine science to serve the needs of a diverse audience--scientists, public servants, educators, and the public.

Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.

2007-01-01

110

Medicare.gov: View and Download Publications On-Line  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Health Care Financing Administration provides this selection of consumer publications on Medicare, long-term care, and other health care issues. Users will find a guide to selecting a nursing home, information on skilled nursing facilities for Medicare beneficiaries, and an overview of Medicare Managed Care. Additional information is available on Medicare and mammograms, Medicare kidney coverage, Medicare home health care, and detecting consumer fraud.

111

7 CFR 868.11 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Public information. 868.11 Section...INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARD ADMINISTRATION (FEDERAL GRAIN INSPECTION SERVICE...Regulations Administration § 868.11 Public information. (a)...

2013-01-01

112

Information Services and Publications of the FCC.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide range of information services and publications are provided by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to inform the public of its activities. Services include daily news releases and a Public Reference Room where broadcast applications, station records, and Commission hearing proceedings are available for inspection. Publications

Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

113

Public Information for Water Pollution Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication is a handbook for water pollution control personnel to guide them towards a successful public relations program. This handbook was written to incorporate the latest methods of teaching basic public information techniques to the non-professional in this area. Contents include: (1) a rationale for a public information program; (2)…

Water Pollution Control Federation, Washington, DC.

114

The Separate Spheres of Online Health: Gender, Parenting, and Online Health Information Searching in the Information Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The objective of this article is to explore how parental status, gender, and their interaction influence a variety of aspects of searching for online health information. Drawing on nationally representative survey data, the results show that in a number of ways parenting and gender have separate but significant influences on the following: online

Stern, Michael J.; Cotten, Shelia R.; Drentea, Patricia

2012-01-01

115

Education, Training and Marketing for Online Information Retrieval Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses general aspects of education, training, and marketing techniques for on-line searching, and describes methods adopted by 12 organizations in Norway, the Netherlands, France, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium, and Britain that use computers for their bibliographic information requirements. (CWM)|

Tedd, Lucy A.

1979-01-01

116

Program-Integrated Information Literacy Instruction for Online Graduate Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic librarians often provide information literacy support for specific courses or topics in the form of research guides, one-shot training sessions, library orientations, or by embedding library content into online courses. Less frequently, they provide continuous program-level support on-campus or online. This paper highlights the value of sustained involvement of librarians at the program level to provide information literacy in

Swapna Kumar; Marilyn Ochoa

2012-01-01

117

The Internet Public Library Online Literary Criticism Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The well-known Internet Public Library has added this new collection to its powerful information lineup. This literary metasite contains over 1,000 annotated metasites and articles devoted to literary criticism, biographical, and other information about 123 authors from Dante Alighieri to Arthur Miller to William Butler Yeats. The links to criticism information can be to sites or articles (some of which have access restrictions). Visitors can browse the site by author, title, or literary period (for British and American literature). In addition, both a literary criticism guide and a pathfinder are provided for those who wish to further explore web and print resources on the topic.

118

Facilitating community information seeking using the Internet: Findings from three public library-community network systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report findings from a recent study of how public libraries are using on-line community networks to facilitate the public's information seeking and use in everyday situations. These networks have been lauded for their potential to strengthen physical communities through increasing information flow about local services and events, and through facilitating civic interaction. However, little is known about how the

Karen E. Pettigrew; Joan C. Durrance; Kenton T. Unruh

2002-01-01

119

Using Online Occupational Information for Career Development. Practitioner File.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist career education and career development practitioners in helping students use occupational information, this Practitioner File begins by discussing the role of occupational information in career decision making. The next section addresses considerations and concerns in using online information such as user proficiency, quality of…

Imel, Susan; Kerka, Sandra; Wonacott, Michael E.

120

Evaluation of a University Online Information Literacy Unit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Arts IRIS (Introductory Research and Information Skills) is a compulsory online information literacy unit for commencing students in the Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences at The University of Western Australia (UWA). The aim of Arts IRIS is to provide students with a foundation in research and information literacy skills for…

Crawford, Nicole; Broertjes, Andrew

2010-01-01

121

MarsQuest Online: Bringing exploration to the public  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The last decade has seen an unprecedented number of missions to Mars. From orbiters to landers, we have been treated to an extraordinary series of views of the red planet. In 1997, the MarsQuest traveling exhibit was launched to help bring those views to the public. Three years later NSF funded MarsQuest Online (www.marsquestonline.org), a web project designed to extend the reach and scope of the MarsQuest exhibit. A partnership between TERC, the Space Science Institute, and JPL, MarsQuest Online provides visitors with a wide range of activities that incorporate imagery and data from Mars spacecraft. Activities challenge visitors to recognize which planet a picture is from, or identify features in high resolution imagery. Topographic and image data from Mars Global Surveyor are combined in 3D globes of Earth and Mars, allowing visitors to vertically stretch the planets while locating highest and lowest points, volcanoes, etc. While not designed specifically as a "citizen science" program, two parts of the site - the MER image archive, and the global 3D system -- could hold great potential for such activities. The MER image archive incorporates a real-time feed of raw images from the rover missions. Images are sortable by Mars day and camera, while a combination of panoramas and overhead views allow visitors to view the images in context and explore Mars along with the rovers. The global 3D system, still in development, is an expansion of the 3D activities currently on the site. This system will tap a global set of high resolution image and topographic tiles produced by JPL. This will allow visitors to fly seamlessly over Mars in 3D at the full resolution of these datasets. In addition, the system will include an annotation system to allow for the authoring of "tours" of the planet. We will discuss both of the site components, their capabilities, and potential for the future.

Harold, J.; Dusenbery, P.

2004-12-01

122

Online Learning as Information Delivery: Digital Myopia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In business and commerce, the concept of marketing myopia has been a useful tool to predict, analyze and explain the rise and fall of businesses. In this article, we question whether the concept can also be used to predict the ultimate downfall of online learning in higher education, if universities continue to confuse their key mission-education-…

Herrington, Jan; Reeves, Thomas C.; Oliver, Ron

2005-01-01

123

Sexual Health Information Seeking Online Among Runaway and Homeless Youth.  

PubMed

Research shows runaway and homeless youth are reluctant to seek help from traditional health providers. The Internet can be useful in engaging this population and meeting their needs for sexual health information, including information about HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Using a sample of homeless youth living in Los Angeles, California in June 2009, this study assesses the frequency with which runaway and homeless youth seek sexual health information via the Internet, and assesses which youth are more likely to engage in seeking health information from online sources. Drawing from Andersen's (1968) health behavior model and Pescosolido's (1992) network episode model, we develop and refine a model for seeking online sexual health information among homeless youth. Rather than testing the predicative strength of a given model, our aim is to identify and explore conceptually driven correlates that may shed light on the characteristics associated with these help seeking behaviors among homeless youth. Analyses using multivariate logistic regression models reveal that among the sample of youth, females and gay males most frequently seek sexual health information online. We demonstrate the structure of social network ties (e.g., connection with parents) and the content of interactions (e.g., e-mail forwards of health information) across ties are critical correlates of online sexual health information seeking. Results show a continued connection with parents via the Internet is significantly associated with youth seeking HIV or STI information. Similarly for content of interactions, more youth who were sent health information online also reported seeking HIV information and HIV-testing information. We discuss implications for intervention and practice, focusing on how the Internet may be used for dissemination of sexual health information and as a resource for social workers to link transient, runaway, and homeless youth to care. PMID:22247795

Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Rice, Eric

2011-06-01

124

Correlates of consumer trust in online health information: findings from the health information national trends survey.  

PubMed

The past few decades have witnessed a dramatic increase in consumers seeking health information online. However, the quality of such information remains questionable, and the trustworthiness of online health information has become a hot topic, whereas little attention has been paid to how consumers evaluate online health information credibility. This study builds on theoretical perspectives of trust such as personal-capital-based, social-capital-based, and transfer-based, and it examines various correlates of consumer trust in online health information. The author analyzed the 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey data (N = 7,674). Results showed that consumer trust in online health information did not correlate with personal capital such as income, education, and health status. Social capital indicated by visiting social networking Web sites was not associated with trust in online health information either. Nevertheless, trust in online health information transferred from traditional mass media and government health agencies to the Internet, and it varied by such information features as easiness to locate and to understand. Age appeared to be a key factor in understanding the correlates of trust in online health information. Theoretical and empirical implications of the results are discussed. PMID:21086209

Ye, Yinjiao

2011-01-01

125

SERVING CITIZENS' NEEDS: MINIMIZING ONLINE HURDLES TO ACCESSING GOVERNMENT INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid spread of the Internet across society, government institutions are taking advantage of digital technology to distribute materials to citizens. Is merely having a Web site enough, or are there certain usability considerations site creators must keep in mind to assure efficient public access to online materials? This project looked at typical people's ability to locate various types

ESZTER HARGITTAI

2003-01-01

126

Pre-Purchase Online Information Seeking: Search versus Browse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognizing the need to support both goal-directed and experiential behaviour in online shopping environments as a means of facilit ating flow, this paper reports results from an exploratory study that investigates consumer preferences for Web-based product information display across browsing and searching tasks. Thirty-one participants performed two online shopping tasks (one searching and one browsing in nature) on predetermined e-tailing

Brian Detlor; Susan Sproule; Chris Gupta

2003-01-01

127

39 CFR 965.14 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO MAIL DISPUTES § 965.14 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2013-07-01

128

39 CFR 952.33 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO FALSE REPRESENTATION AND LOTTERY ORDERS § 952.33 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative and final agency...

2013-07-01

129

39 CFR 959.30 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO THE PRIVATE EXPRESS STATUTES § 959.30 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative and final...

2013-07-01

130

39 CFR 954.25 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RELATIVE TO THE DENIAL, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION OF PERIODICALS MAIL PRIVILEGES § 954.25 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial and final Agency...

2013-07-01

131

39 CFR 957.26 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION FROM CONTRACTING § 957.26 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service shall maintain for public inspection in the Library copies of all final decisions. The Recorder...

2013-07-01

132

Online Discussion in a Hybrid Information Literacy Credit Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses how an instruction librarian created an online learning community of adult learners in a hybrid, credit-bearing information literacy course. The Blackboard course management system was utilized for weekly course discussion on ethical issues involving the use of information to promote student engagement in the critical…

Jacobs, Warren N.

2007-01-01

133

Collective Information Literacy in Massively Multiplayer Online Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the forms of information literacy that arise in commercial entertainment games like "World of Warcraft." Using examples culled from eight months of online ethnographic data, the authors detail the forms of information literacy that arise as a regular part of in-game social interaction, emphasizing (ironically) the…

Martin, Crystle; Steinkuehler, Constance

2010-01-01

134

Research to Go: Taking an Information Literacy Credit Course Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adapting an existing face-to-face information literacy course that teaches undergraduates how to successfully conduct research and creating an online or hybrid version is a multi-step process. It begins with a desire to reach more students and help them achieve academic success. The primary learning outcomes for any information literacy course…

Long, Jessica; Burke, John J.; Tumbleson, Beth

2012-01-01

135

Audience/Online Information Interactions: New Research in Learning Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This investigation proposes the need for a paradigmatic shift in the production of formal and behavioral online information to accommodate the differing learning preferences of its audiences. Developments in the presentation of information itself and the management of its complexity have not progressed at the same rate as the technology that…

Fong, Michele Wong Kung

2010-01-01

136

Online GIS services for mapping and sharing disease information  

PubMed Central

Background Disease data sharing is important for the collaborative preparation, response, and recovery stages of disease control. Disease phenomena are strongly associated with spatial and temporal factors. Web-based Geographical Information Systems provide a real-time and dynamic way to represent disease information on maps. However, data heterogeneities, integration, interoperability, and cartographical representation are still major challenges in the health geographic fields. These challenges cause barriers in extensively sharing health data and restrain the effectiveness in understanding and responding to disease outbreaks. To overcome these challenges in disease data mapping and sharing, the senior authors have designed an interoperable service oriented architecture based on Open Geospatial Consortium specifications to share the spatio-temporal disease information. Results A case study of infectious disease mapping across New Brunswick (Canada) and Maine (USA) was carried out to evaluate the proposed architecture, which uses standard Web Map Service, Styled Layer Descriptor and Web Map Context specifications. The case study shows the effectiveness of an infectious disease surveillance system and enables cross-border visualization, analysis, and sharing of infectious disease information through interactive maps and/or animation in collaboration with multiple partners via a distributed network. It enables data sharing and users' collaboration in an open and interactive manner. Conclusion In this project, we develop a service oriented architecture for online disease mapping that is distributed, loosely coupled, and interoperable. An implementation of this architecture has been applied to the New Brunswick and Maine infectious disease studies. We have shown that the development of standard health services and spatial data infrastructure can enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of public health surveillance.

Gao, Sheng; Mioc, Darka; Anton, Francois; Yi, Xiaolun; Coleman, David J

2008-01-01

137

Public Claims about Automatic External Defibrillators: An Online Consumer Opinions Study  

PubMed Central

Background Patients are no longer passive recipients of health care, and increasingly engage in health communications outside of the traditional patient and health care professional relationship. As a result, patient opinions and health related judgements are now being informed by a wide range of social, media, and online information sources. Government initiatives recognise self-delivery of health care as a valuable means of responding to the anticipated increased global demand for health resources. Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs), designed for the treatment of Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA), have recently become available for 'over the counter' purchase with no need for a prescription. This paper explores the claims and argumentation of lay persons and health care practitioners and professionals relating to these, and how these may impact on the acceptance, adoption and use of these devices within the home context. Methods We carry out a thematic content analysis of a novel form of Internet-based data: online consumer opinions of AED devices posted on Amazon.com, the world's largest online retailer. A total of #83 online consumer reviews of home AEDs are analysed. The analysis is both inductive, identifying themes that emerged from the data, exploring the parameters of public debate relating to these devices, and also driven by theory, centring around the parameters that may impact upon the acceptance, adoption and use of these devices within the home as indicated by the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). Results Five high-level themes around which arguments for and against the adoption of home AEDs are identified and considered in the context of TAM. These include opinions relating to device usability, usefulness, cost, emotional implications of device ownership, and individual patient risk status. Emotional implications associated with AED acceptance, adoption and use emerged as a notable factor that is not currently reflected within the existing TAM. Conclusions The value, credibility and implications of the findings of this study are considered within the context of existing AED research, and related to technology acceptance theory. From a methodological perspective, this study demonstrates the potential value of online consumer reviews as a novel data source for exploring the parameters of public debate relating to emerging health care technologies.

2011-01-01

138

Dairy Herd On-line Information System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the business circumstances have become worse, computational breeding management based on the scientific matters has been needed for dairy farming in our country. In this connection it was urgent to construct the system which provided data effectively used in the fields for dairy farmers. The Federation has executed to provide dairy farming technical data promptly through its own on-line network being composed of middle sized general-purpose computer (main memory : 5MB, and fixed disk : 1100MB) and 22 terminals.

Takahashi, Satoshi

139

The Impact of Online Services on Subscriptions to Printed Publications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey of 164 academic and special libraries reveals that accessibility of equivalent databases online has had a relatively small effect thus far on decisions to discontinue subscriptions to printed abstracting and indexing services. Tables display printed form and online databases used by the libraries, and seven references are listed. (RBF)|

Lancaster, F. W.; Goldhor, Herbert

1981-01-01

140

Case Study of a Secondary Online Program in a Large, Diverse Midwestern Public School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a time of growth in secondary education online programs, there have been few studies directed at understanding secondary online programs and the students they serve. That is particularly true for large, inner-city public school districts with a diverse student body. This is a mixed methods case study which identified that students' primary…

Cruzan, Carla Dale

2010-01-01

141

Predicting Online Learning Success: Applying the Situational Theory of Publics to the Virtual Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Following the trend of increased interest by students to take online courses and by institutions to offer them, scholars have taken many different approaches to understand what makes one student successful in online learning while another may fail. This study proposes that using the situational theory of publics will provide a better…

Kruger-Ross, Matthew J.; Waters, Richard D.

2013-01-01

142

User Practices in Keyword and Boolean Searching on an Online Public Access Catalog.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discussion of keyword and Boolean searching techniques in online public access catalogs (OPACs) focuses on a study conducted at Indiana State University that examined users' attitudes toward searching on NOTIS (Northwestern Online Total Integrated System). Relevant literature is reviewed, and implications for library instruction are suggested.…

Ensor, Pat

1992-01-01

143

Information Sharing and Knowledge Creation in Online Forums: The Case of the Greek Online Forum ‘DIALOGOI’  

Microsoft Academic Search

The information intensiveness of service firms coupled with the necessity to manage knowledge in the new economic era, render knowledge management initiatives critical for achieving competitive advantage. This case study identifies and analyses the social networking and knowledge creation capabilities and affordances of online forums to support tourism professionals. After reviewing the literature on knowledge creation, social networking and virtual

Kalotina Chalkiti; Marianna Sigala

2008-01-01

144

Online services for managing information feeds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The amount of information on the web increases rapidly, and managing this level of information has always been challenging. The scope of what already exists and recognizing new information resources as they become available adds more complexity. The advent of feed syndication of a site's content makes this task easier. The purpose of this paper is to outline

Mike Kmiec

2010-01-01

145

On-Line Student Publications: Do Student Editors at Public Universities Shed Their First Amendment Rights in Cyberspace?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The First Amendment rights of students at public universities and colleges are well established by federal and state courts. Where a publication has been created as a forum for student expression, college authorities may not exercise anything but advisory control over editorial decisions of student editors. On-line student newspapers and literary…

Senat, Joey

146

On-Line Student Publications: Do Student Editors at Public Universities Shed Their First Amendment Rights in Cyberspace?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The First Amendment rights of students at public universities and colleges are well established by federal and state courts. Where a publication has been created as a forum for student expression, college authorities may not exercise anything but advisory control over editorial decisions of student editors. On-line student newspapers and literary…

Senat, Joey

147

Information Dissemination in the Public Health Service.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper reviews the literature on information dissemination activities and describes several information dissemination activities sponsored by Public Health Services (PHS) agencies and institutes including the following: (1) Depression/Awareness, Recogn...

1991-01-01

148

32 CFR 518.6 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...activities, records requested through public information channels by news media representatives that would not be withheld if requested...Prompt responses to requests for information from news media representatives should be encouraged to...

2013-07-01

149

Automobile Service Information in the Public Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Advocates providing automobile repair and service information in public libraries, and discusses collection development issues, reference services, and problems in making repair manuals available. Describes the collection and services for patrons in Tacoma Public Library and results of a survey of other public libraries holding automobile repair…

Pankl, Robert R.

1992-01-01

150

American Nuclear Society public information activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for professional action to provide public information by each ; American Nuclear Society (ANS) member is based on our current domestic and ; international energy-related problems. Selected history of public information ; since the founding of the ANS through to its current activities provides a focus ; for future communication needs. Future efforts must be concentrated on key

Witzig

1975-01-01

151

Online information needs of cancer patients and their organizations  

PubMed Central

Increasingly patients, relatives and carers are accessing health information via the internet. However, the health profession and people affected by cancer are becoming concerned with the quality of that information. A European survey was conducted under the auspices of the FP7 European Commission funded Eurocancercoms project1 during the period September 2010–March 2011. Its aim was to assess current online information needs of people with cancer particularly those who seek information using online social media technologies and the internet more broadly. A literature review was undertaken to gain a greater understanding of health seeking behaviour regarding cancer patients’ information needs and patient preferences for accessing different formats and media. This was used to inform the design and validation of online pan-European, multi-lingual questionnaires distributed via patient organizations and via specific Eurocancercoms partner organizations. This paper presents the results of this survey and suggests recommendations to be incorporated into the design of the online platform, ecancerHub, one of the intended outcomes of the Eurocancercoms project following this research. People want a wide variety of easy to find, easy to understand accurate information about cancer and how it is likely to impact on their everyday lives and on those close to them. They differ in the amount and detail of the information they would like and on their ability to identify quality information and understand it sufficiently to base their health-care decisions on. The majority of respondents raised the issue of quality of information and many requested recommendations of websites by the people who usually influence them most, the health professionals involved in their care.

Maddock, C; Lewis, I; Ahmad, K; Sullivan, R

2011-01-01

152

Best Practices for Online Information-Literacy Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Remote access to resources has become increasingly important in academic libraries, spurred largely by the growth of online education. Through bibliographic instruction (BI) courses, librarians must prepare both on-site and remote patrons in information literacy. Challenges exist for remote-user BI: among them are perceived characteristics of the typical \\

Thomas J. Tobin

2004-01-01

153

An Intelligent Information System for Organizing Online Text Documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an intelligent information system for effectively managing huge amounts of online text documents (such as Web documents) in a hierarchical manner. The orga- nizational capabilities of this system are able to evolve semi-automatically with minimal human input. The system starts with an initial taxonomy in which documents are automatically catego- rized, and then evolves so as to

Han-joon Kim; Sang-goo Lee

2004-01-01

154

Pennsylvania Spatial Data Access and Online Advanced Spatial Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Pennsylvania Spatial Data Access system (PASDA) is Pennsylvania's official geospatial information clearinghouse and the Commonwealth's node on the National Spatial Data Infrastructure. The PASDA clearinghouse provides for the widespread sharing of geospatial data, eliminates the creation of redundant data sets, and serves as a resource for locating data throughout the Commonwealth through its comprehensive standardized data storage, online free

H. Lin; G. Petersen; M. Kelly; R. Day

2002-01-01

155

Online Cultural Heritage Exhibitions: A Survey of Information Retrieval Features  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: What kinds of online cultural heritage exhibitions are now available on the internet? How far have these cultural heritage institutions voyaged in terms of harnessing the power of information and communication technology and the interactivity of multimedia systems to exhibit cultural heritage resources? This study aims to highlight the…

Liew, Chern Li

2005-01-01

156

Information Age Innovations: A Case Study of Online Professional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An online professional development course, Telecommunications and Information Access, offers educators the opportunity to earn graduate credit, learn about an emerging technological field, and interact using a telecommunication network. This independent study course offered by the University of Oregon and the International Society for Technology…

Schrum, Lynne

157

An Experimental On-Line Information Retrieval System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports an experiment in on-line retrieval using man-machine dialogue on a remote console. Message editing procedures and the use of two command languages are described. The system employs a PDP-8 computer for generating, proofreading, and editing messages, and an IBM 7040 computer for information retrieval processing. The symbolic…

Cautin, Harvey; And Others

158

Criminal Prohibitions on the Publication of Classified Defense Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The recent online publication of classified defense documents by the organization Wikileaks and subsequent reporting by the New York Times and other news media have focused attention on whether such publication violates U.S. criminal law. The Attorney Gen...

J. K. Elsea

2010-01-01

159

Bonuses and Non-Public Information in Publicly Traded Firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research in accounting explores how firms use “individual” or “non-financial” measures of performance in executive compensation contracts. We model a firm that conditions bonus payments to executives on information that is not available to those outside the firm. This raises two issues. First, market participants may use the magnitude of such payments to infer the non-public information. Second, because

Rachel M. Hayes; Scott Schaefer

2005-01-01

160

JOIS-III JICST's new online information retrieval system (2)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We give an outline of JOIS (JICST On-line Information System) - III, which has been developed as a succession to JOIS-II now being on service by the Japan Information Center of Science and Technology to start servicing in January 1990. In this report we explain mainly about new retrieval functions such as multiple file searches and proximity searching. (1st part Vol. 32. No. 3, 3rd part Vol. 32. No. 5)

Hamanaka, Hisashi; Hosoyama, Miki; Shimizu, Hideaki; Okura, Katsumi; Motoyama, Noriyuki

161

The Public Life of Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The mid-twentieth century marked a shift in Americans' fundamental orientation toward information. Rather than news or knowledge, information became a disembodied quantum--strings of ones and zeros processed, increasingly, by complex machines. This dissertation examines how Americans became acquainted with "information", as newly conceived by…

Rowe, Josh

2011-01-01

162

Best of British: British Information Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the importance of British databases and information services to U.S. business searchers and describes several British databases and services. Topics covered include database contents, available search strategies, access from the United States, language differences, and dating problems. A directory of contacts is provided. (six…

Ojala, Marydee

1988-01-01

163

Federal Information Processing Standards Publication: Dictionary for Information Processing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication adopts X3/TR-1, American National Dictionary for Information Processing, which provides a common reference within the Federal Government for terms and definitions used in such information processing activities as the representation, commu...

J. Walkowicz

1977-01-01

164

SPIRES (Stanford Public Information Retrieval System) 1970-71 Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|SPIRES (Stanford Public Information REtrieval System) is a computer information storage and retrieval system being developed at Stanford University with funding from the National Science Foundation. SPIRES has two major goals: to provide a user-oriented, interactive, on-line retrieval system for a variety of researchers at Stanford; and to…

Parker, Edwin B.

165

Information Support for Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence: Public Librarianship's Role  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public libraries have the potential to provide rich information support for survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV). Librarians who understand the complex information gaps and barriers that IPV survivors confront during repeated attempts to achieve safety can create more effective services and policies. This study examines an IPV online support network's postings during ten months. The content analysis of the

Lynn Westbrook; Maria E. Gonzalez

2011-01-01

166

[The stakes of online gambling in Canada: a public health analysis].  

PubMed

Available data show that online gamblers spend more money and dedicate more time to playing compared to gamblers who do not play online, and are more likely to experience gambling problems. Among online players, young people and poker players show higher rates of gambling problems. These observations can be explained in part by such dangerous aspects of online gambling (and also electronic gaming machines) as: immediate and convenient accessibility; ability to pay electronically and to play on credit; anonymity; and the possibility for players to consume alcohol or other drugs while playing. These are elements that could facilitate the development or the intensification of problem gambling. This being said, the public discourse about the inevitability of legalized online gambling is quite unanimous and built upon such arguments as: the imperative duty of the state to protect the population against the dangers of the online gambling black market; and the fact that the medium in itself provides excellent consumer safeguards. A growing number of legislators are following the trend and choosing to establish state control over online gambling. We present some epidemiological and analytical data that challenge some of these assertions and decisions. We recommend a better integration of public health arguments into the commercialization and marketing of online gambling. PMID:22164549

Papineau, Elisabeth; Leblond, Jean

167

The use of deception in public health behavioral intervention trials: a case study of three online alcohol trials.  

PubMed

Some public health behavioral intervention research studies involve deception. A methodological imperative to minimize bias can be in conflict with the ethical principle of informed consent. As a case study, we examine the specific forms of deception used in three online randomized controlled trials evaluating brief alcohol interventions. We elaborate our own decision making about the use of deception in these trials, and present our ongoing findings and uncertainties. We discuss the value of the approach of pragmatism for examining these kinds of ethical issues that can arise in research on public health interventions. PMID:24161181

McCambridge, Jim; Kypri, Kypros; Bendtsen, Preben; Porter, John

2013-11-01

168

77 FR 4574 - Agency Information Collection Activities: USCIS Case Status Online; Extension of an Existing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agency Information Collection Activities: USCIS Case Status Online; Extension of an Existing...of Information Collection Under Review: USCIS Case Status Online...Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), has submitted the following...

2012-01-30

169

77 FR 22333 - Agency Information Collection Activities: USCIS Case Status Online, Extension of a Currently...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agency Information Collection Activities: USCIS Case Status Online, Extension of a Currently...of information collection under review: USCIS case status online...Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is submitting the following...

2012-04-13

170

Public Information and the Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In addition to serving the intellectual, the arty, the scholar, the housewife, and children, the library must take positive steps to update its public relations (PR) posture if it is to reach the great mass of the population who currently feel the library is not for them. The many and varied approaches possible in a good PR program include: (1) a…

Missouri State Library, Jefferson City.

171

Are Online Communities Good for the Civic Audit of Public Spaces, Services, and Officers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

While, the need of assessing public spaces, services and officers becomes, always more urgent and mandatory, a wide literature\\u000a and extensive field experience show that internal audit by the public sector itself is not sufficient. There is the need to foster the civic accountability byintegrating an independent external evaluation in the audit process. The paper investigates the possibility that online

Fiorella De Cindio; Cristian Peraboni

2009-01-01

172

CLSI On-Line Public Catalog Touch Terminal Manual: Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This training manual developed by the Public Access Subcommittee of the Reference Department of Meriam Library (California State University, Chico) provides instructions for using the library's online public catalog by means of a touch terminal which accepts commands in the form of a touch on a particular part of the terminal screen. Author and…

California State Univ., Chico.

173

JOIS-III JICST's new online information retrieval system (1)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We give an outline of JOIS (JICST On-line Information System) - III, which has been developed as a succession to JOIS-II now being on service by The Japan Information Center of Science and Technology to start servicing in January 1990. JOIS-III is an on-line information retrieval system intended to be a totally up-graded JOIS-II with functional expansion, well-provided data base and high-speed processing of large quantity of data. We also refer to structures of files to be retrieved such as bit-map file, which has been introduced to cope with large-sized data base, and group structure. (2nd part Vol. 32. No.4, 3rd part Vol. 32. No.5)

Hamanaka, Hisashi; Hosoyama, Miki; Shimizu, Hideaki; Okura, Katsumi; Motoyama, Noriyuki

174

The dimensions of accessibility to online information: implications for implementing office information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research has found a positive correlation between the perceived accessibility of information and information use. The underlying dimensions of information accessibility, however, have not been investigated empirically. The present field study measures end-user perceptions of three online information retrieval systems and one electronic mail system. User ratings of the four systems are collected and factor-analyzed. The results suggest that

Mary J. Culnan

1984-01-01

175

The usage of online tourist information sources in tourist information search: an exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tourist information search is a complex issue. This study contributes to the understanding of tourist information sources by comparing three online sources, that is, non-commercial travel blogs, Wikipedia and Yahoo! Knowledge+. A common denominator of a popular tourist information source is the presence of credible travel-oriented information, preferably in the form of personal experience or, if not so, carefully edited

Wee-Kheng Tan; Tong-He Chen

2012-01-01

176

The usage of online tourist information sources in tourist information search: an exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tourist information search is a complex issue. This study contributes to the understanding of tourist information sources by comparing three online sources, that is, non-commercial travel blogs, Wikipedia and Yahoo! Knowledge+. A common denominator of a popular tourist information source is the presence of credible travel-oriented information, preferably in the form of personal experience or, if not so, carefully edited

Wee-Kheng Tan; Tong-He Chen

2011-01-01

177

Design Scenarios for Web-Based Management of Online Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Internet enables access to more information, from a greater variety of perspectives and with greater immediacy, than ever before. A person may be interested in information to become more informed or to coordinate his or her local activities and place them into a larger, more global context. The challenge, as has been noted by many, is to sift through all the information to find what is relevant without becoming overwhelmed. Furthermore, the selected information must be put into an actionable form. The diversity of the Web has important consequences for the variety of ideas that are now available. While people once relied on newspaper editors to shape their view of the world, today's technology creates room for a more democratic approach. Today it is easy to pull news feeds from a variety of sources and aggregate them. It is less easy to push that information to a variety of channels. At a higher level, we might have the goal of collecting all the available information about a certain topic, on a daily basis. There are many new technologies available under the umbrella of Web 2.0, but it can be difficult to use them together for the management of online information. Web-based support for online communication management is the most appropriate choice to address the deficiencies apparent with current technologies. We consider the requirements and potential designs for such information management support, by following an example related to local food.

Hepting, Daryl H.; Maciag, Timothy

178

Informational Privacy, Public Health, and State Laws  

PubMed Central

Developments in information technology that make it possible to rapidly transmit health information also raise questions about the possible inappropriate use and protection of identifiable (or potentially identifiable) personal health information. Despite efforts to improve state laws, adoption of provisions has lagged. We found that half of states have no statutes addressing nondisclosure of personally identifiable health information generally held by public health agencies. Exceptional treatment of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, or tuberculosis-related information was common. Where other provisions were found, there was little consistency in the laws across states. The variation in state laws supports the need to build consensus on the appropriate use and disclosure of public health information among public health practitioners.

Matthews, Gene

2011-01-01

179

Informational privacy, public health, and state laws.  

PubMed

Developments in information technology that make it possible to rapidly transmit health information also raise questions about the possible inappropriate use and protection of identifiable (or potentially identifiable) personal health information. Despite efforts to improve state laws, adoption of provisions has lagged. We found that half of states have no statutes addressing nondisclosure of personally identifiable health information generally held by public health agencies. Exceptional treatment of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, or tuberculosis-related information was common. Where other provisions were found, there was little consistency in the laws across states. The variation in state laws supports the need to build consensus on the appropriate use and disclosure of public health information among public health practitioners. PMID:21852633

O'Connor, Jean; Matthews, Gene

2011-08-18

180

Hepatitis Information for the Public  

MedlinePLUS

... hepatitis. Hepatitis A Hepatitis A is an acute liver disease caused by the Hepatitis A virus (HAV), lasting ... More Information Hepatitis B Hepatitis B is a liver disease caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV). It ...

181

Evaluating Online Health Information: Beyond Readability Formulas  

PubMed Central

Although understanding health information is important, the texts provided are often difficult to understand. There are formulas to measure readability levels, but there is little understanding of how linguistic structures contribute to these difficulties. We are developing a toolkit of linguistic metrics that are validated with representative users and can be measured automatically. In this study, we provide an overview of our corpus and how readability differs by topic and source. We compare two documents for three groups of linguistic metrics. We report on a user study evaluating one of the differentiating metrics: the percentage of function words in a sentence. Our results show that this percentage correlates significantly with ease of understanding as indicated by users but not with the readability formula levels commonly used. Our study is the first to propose a user validated metric, different from readability formulas.

Leroy, Gondy; Helmreich, Stephen; Cowie, James R.; Miller, Trudi; Zheng, Wei

2008-01-01

182

40 CFR 149.103 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AQUIFERS Review of Projects Affecting the Edwards Underground Reservoir, A Designated Sole Source Aquifer in the San Antonio, Texas Area § 149.103 Public information. After the area is designated under section 1424(e),...

2010-07-01

183

39 CFR 963.22 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO VIOLATIONS OF THE PANDERING ADVERTISEMENTS STATUTE, 39 U.S.C. 3008 § 963.22 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains...

2013-07-01

184

40 CFR 149.103 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AQUIFERS Review of Projects Affecting the Edwards Underground Reservoir, A Designated Sole Source Aquifer in the San Antonio, Texas Area § 149.103 Public information. After the area is designated under section 1424(e), Federal agencies,...

2012-07-01

185

39 CFR 964.22 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GOVERNING DISPOSITION OF MAIL WITHHELD FROM DELIVERY PURSUANT TO 39 U.S.C. 3003, 3004 § 964.22 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2013-07-01

186

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2010-04-01

187

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2009-04-01

188

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2013-04-01

189

Transforming The Public Health Information Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: The public health information infrastructure is undergoing,a transformation that is enabled,by changes,in health care informatics. The implementation,of the Health In- surance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996, the patient medical record infor- mation standards, and National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII) recommendations by the National Committee,on Vital and Health Statistics provide the basis for improved data reporting to public

John R. Lumpkin; Margaret S. Richards

2002-01-01

190

Information needs in public health and health policy: Results of recent studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion  Clearly, much work needs to be done to address the diverse and sometimes unique on-line information needs of public health\\u000a professionals and health policy analysts. In some cases, there are needs for complex new knowledge bases created via linkages\\u000a among multiple databases (e.g., public health-relevant geographic information systems).\\u000a \\u000a However, in many other cases, what is needed is a more systematic

Patrick W. O'Carroll; Marjorie A. Cahn; Ione Auston; Catherine R. Selden

1998-01-01

191

The informed society: an analysis of the public's information-seeking behavior regarding coastal flood risks.  

PubMed

Recent flood risk management puts an increasing emphasis on the public's risk perception and its preferences. It is now widely recognized that a better knowledge of the public's awareness and concern about risks is of vital importance to outline effective risk communication strategies. Models such as Risk Information Seeking and Processing address this evolution by considering the public's needs and its information-seeking behavior with regard to risk information. This study builds upon earlier information-seeking models and focuses on the empirical relationships between information-seeking behavior and the constructs of risk perception, perceived hazard knowledge, response efficacy, and information need in the context of coastal flood risks. Specific focus is given to the mediating role of information need in the model and to the differences in information-seeking behavior between permanent and temporary residents. By means of a structured on-line questionnaire, a cross-sectional survey was carried out in the city of Ostend, one of the most vulnerable places to coastal flooding on the Belgian coast. Three hundred thirteen respondents participated in the survey. Path analysis reveals that information need does not act as a mediator in contrast to risk perception and perceived knowledge. In addition, it is shown that risk perception and perceived hazard knowledge are higher for permanent than temporary residents, leading to increased information-seeking behavior among the former group. Implications for risk communication are discussed. PMID:22150511

Kellens, Wim; Zaalberg, Ruud; De Maeyer, Philippe

2011-12-09

192

An intelligent information system for organizing online text documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an intelligent information system for effectively managing huge amounts of online text documents (such\\u000a as Web documents) in a hierarchical manner. The organizational capabilities of this system are able to evolve semi-automatically\\u000a with minimal human input. The system starts with an initial taxonomy in which documents are automatically categorized, and\\u000a then evolves so as to provide a

Han-joon Kim; Sang-goo Lee

2004-01-01

193

Online bibliographic information: integration into an emerging IAIMS environment.  

PubMed

The Medical Library at Yale University has developed an online free-text database containing Current Contents citations. The database was designed to be integrated into an emerging campus-wide information environment. To this end Current Contents at Yale was designed with a user interface familiar to the Yale community, an alerting service based on electronic mail, and search expansion using the National Library of Medicine's Meta-1 metathesaurus. PMID:1336416

Paton, J A; Belanger, A; Cheung, K H; Grajek, S; Branch, K A; Ikeda, N; Sette, L; Miller, P L; Fryer, R K

1992-01-01

194

POLITICS, PUBLIC BADS, AND PRIVATE INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preferential treatment for politically influential sectors often has undesired consequences such as increasing pollution or ecosystem degradation. Private information on firm produc- tivity constrains the government's ability both to redistribute income and regulate public bad production. Given political economy and information constraints, this article characterizes a social-welfare maximizing policy. The optimal policy uses a single instrument to achieve both goals,

Glenn Sheriff

195

Improving Information Access for Public Health Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fundamental to our protection against biological weapons and the detection of disease outbreaks is the need to strengthen our surveillance systems. Improved electronic communications between local, state, and federal public health agencies provide a way for health officials to share information on unusual disease outbreaks and provide important health alert information. This article describes a model of a partnership between

Sharon Telleen; Elaine Martin

2002-01-01

196

Environmental Programs Information: Affecting Kansas Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a brief overview of the environmental issues that affect Kansas public schools. Specific programs that address these problems are included, along with their contact information. This document contains information on the following issues and programs: (1) Department of Health and Environment; (2) air; (3) asbestos; (4)…

Kansas State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

197

Environmental Programs Information: Affecting Kansas Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document provides a brief overview of the environmental issues that affect Kansas public schools. Specific programs that address these problems are included, along with their contact information. This document contains information on the following issues and programs: (1) Department of Health and Environment; (2) air; (3) asbestos; (4)…

Kansas State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

198

75 FR 32158 - Information Collection; SRS Publications Evaluation Card  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service Information Collection; SRS Publications Evaluation Card AGENCY: Forest Service...approved information collection, SRS Publications Evaluation Card. DATES: Comments...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: SRS Publications Evaluation Card. OMB Number:...

2010-06-07

199

Analyzing Online Information Privacy Concerns: An Information Processing Theory Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advent of the Internet has made the transmission of personally identifiable information common and often inadvertent to the user. As a consequence, individuals worry that companies misuse their information. Firms have tried to mitigate this concern in two ways: (1) offering privacy policies regarding the handling and use of personal information, (2) offering benefits such as financial gains or

Il-horn Hann; KAI-LUNG HUI; Sang-yong Tom Lee; Ivan P. L. Png

2007-01-01

200

JOIS-III JICST'S new online information retrieval system (3)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We give an outline of JOIS (JICST On-line Information System)-III, Which has been developed as a succession to JOIS-II now being on service by The Japan Information Center of Science and Technology to start service in January 1990. In this report we show input format from new and function-expanded commands substituting to those of JOIS-II and examples of using. (for 1st part, see vol.32, No. 3 ; 2nd part vol. 32, No.4)

Hamanaka, Hisashi; Takano, Katsuhiro; Motoyama, Noriyuki

201

Online Public Health Preparedness Training Programs: An Evaluation of User Experience with the Technological Environment  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Several public health education programs and government agencies across the country have started offering virtual or online training programs in emergency preparedness for people who are likely to be involved in managing or responding to different types of emergency situations such as natural disasters, epidemics, bioterrorism, etc. While such online training programs are more convenient and cost-effective than traditional classroom-based programs, their success depends to a great extent on the underlying technological environment. Specifically, in an online technological environment, different types of user experiences come in to play—users’ utilitarian or pragmatic experience, their fun or hedonic experience, their social experience, and most importantly, their usability experience—and these different user experiences critically shape the program outcomes, including course completion rates. This study adopts a multi-disciplinary approach and draws on theories in human computer interaction, distance learning theories, usability research, and online consumer behavior to evaluate users’ experience with the technological environment of an online emergency preparedness training program and discusses its implications for the design of effective online training programs. . Methods: Data was collected using a questionnaire from 377 subjects who had registered for and participated in online public health preparedness training courses offered by a large public university in the Northeast. Results: Analysis of the data indicates that as predicted, participants had higher levels of pragmatic and usability experiences compared to their hedonic and sociability experiences. Results also indicate that people who experienced higher levels of pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences were more likely to complete the course(s) they registered for compared to those who reported lower levels. Discussion: The study findings hold important implications for the design of effective online emergency preparedness training targeted at diverse audiences including the general public, health care and public health professionals, and emergency responders. Strategies for improving participants’ pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences are outlined. Conclusion: There are ample opportunities to improve the pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences of the target audience. This is critical to improve the participants’ learning and retention as well as the completion rates for the courses offered. Online emergency preparedness programs are likely to play a crucial role in preparing emergency responders at all levels in the future and their success has critical implications for public health informatics.

Nambisan, Priya

2010-01-01

202

The effect of negative online consumer reviews on product attitude: An information processing view  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online consumer reviews provide product information and recommendations from the customer perspective. This study investigates the effects of negative online consumer reviews on consumer product attitude. In particular, it examines the proportion and quality of negative online consumer reviews from the perspective of information processing. The elaboration likelihood model is used to explain the persuasive effect of the proportion and

Jumin Lee; Do-hyung Park; Ingoo Han

2008-01-01

203

A Comparison of Participation Patterns in Selected Formal, Non-Formal, and Informal Online Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does learner participation vary depending on the learning context? Are there characteristic features of participation evident in formal, non-formal, and informal online learning environments? Six online learning environments were chosen as epitomes of formal, non-formal, and informal learning contexts and compared. Transcripts of online

Schwier, Richard A.; Seaton, J. X.

2013-01-01

204

Group disparities and health information: a study of online access for the underserved.  

PubMed

The Internet is an oft-cited learning resource, useful to consumers who seek to educate themselves on specific technical issues or knowledge-intensive topics. Availability of public-access Internet portals and decreasing costs of personal computers have created a consensus that unequal access to information, or a "Digital Divide", presents a like problem specific to information for uninsured or under-insured healthcare consumers. Access to information, however, is now an essential part of consumer-centric healthcare management. To date little research has been done to differentiate levels of health information access on the Web by different subgroups, linking online socioeconomic characteristics and health seeking behaviors. This analysis of a landmark Pew Foundation survey seeks to differentiate and delineate information access, or lack of desired access, across targeted, "digitally underserved" subgroups. PMID:18258673

Lorence, Daniel; Park, Heeyoung

2008-03-01

205

Fedix on-line information service. Annual status report, September 1990-August 1991.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

FEDIX is an on-line research and education information service with two major objectives: to broaden the participation of colleges and universities in the Federal Government's research, development and education programs by providing easy on-line access t...

J. A. Rodman

1991-01-01

206

Fukushima, Facebook and Feeds: Informing the Public in a Digital Era  

Microsoft Academic Search

The now-ubiquitous presence of the Internet and social media like Twitter, Facebook, and blogs enabled misinformation about the nuclear disaster at Fukushima to spread at the speed of electricity. It also allowed the public rapid access to large amounts of knowledge from unconventional classes of experts, and a unique opportunity to learn about nuclear power. The benefits of online information

Lara Pierpoint

2011-01-01

207

Radiation risk perception and public information  

SciTech Connect

We as Health Physicists face what, at many times, appears to be a hopeless task. The task simply stated is informing the public about the risks (or lack thereof) of radiation. Unfortunately, the public has perceived radiation risks to be much greater than they actually are. An example of this problem is shown in a paper by Arthur C. Upton. Three groups of people -- the League of Women Voters, students, and Business and Professional Club members -- were asked to rank 30 sources of risk according to their contribution to the number of deaths in the United States. Not surprisingly, they ranked nuclear power much higher and medical x-rays much lower than the actual values. In addition to the perception problem, we are faced with another hurdle: health physicists as communicators. Members of the Health Physics Society (HPS) found that the communication styles of most health physicists appear to be dissimilar to those of the general public. These authors administered the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator to the HPS Baltimore-Washington Chapter. This test, a standardized test for psychological type developed by Isabel Myers, ask questions that provide a quantitative measure of our natural preferences in four areas. Assume that you as a health physicist have the necessary skills to communicate information about radiation to the public. Health physicists do nothing with these tools. Most people involved in radiation protection do not get involved with public information activies. What I will attempt to do is heighten your interest in such activities. I will share information about public information activities in which I have been involved and give you suggestions for sources of information and materials. 2 refs., 1 tab.

Boggs-Mayes, C.J.

1988-01-01

208

Applying Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior to a Study of Online Course Adoption in Public Relations Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study used Icek Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior to research public relations faculty intentions of teaching online. All of the main predictor variables (Subjective Norms, Attitude toward the Act and Perceived Behavioral Control) were statistically significant at varying degrees in predicting intent to teach public relations online. Of the…

Knabe, Ann Peru

2012-01-01

209

Emotions, Public Opinion, and U.S. Presidential Approval Rates: A 5-Year Analysis of Online Political Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines how emotional reactions to political events shape public opinion. We analyze political discussions in which people voluntarily engage online to approximate the public agenda: Online discussions offer a natural approach to the salience of political issues and the means to analyze emotional reactions as political events take…

Gonzalez-Bailon, Sandra; Banchs, Rafael E.; Kaltenbrunner, Andreas

2012-01-01

210

Web-Based Online Public Access Catalogues of IIT Libraries in India: An Evaluative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to examine the various features and components of web-based online public access catalogues (OPACs) of IIT libraries in India with the help of a specially designed evaluation checklist. Design/methodology/approach: The various features of the web-based OPACs in six IIT libraries (IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT…

Madhusudhan, Margam; Aggarwal, Shalini

2011-01-01

211

A Study of Six Online Public Access Catalogs: A Review of Findings. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Results from one of a series of cooperative projects to study public access to online catalogs are discussed. This report focuses on a survey of 1,152 users and 1,315 non-users of six computer systems at seven libraries, with library participants including (1) Claremont Colleges Library, which uses the Claremont Total Library System; (2) the…

Matthews, Joseph R.

212

Web-Based Online Public Access Catalogues of IIT Libraries in India: An Evaluative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to examine the various features and components of web-based online public access catalogues (OPACs) of IIT libraries in India with the help of a specially designed evaluation checklist. Design/methodology/approach: The various features of the web-based OPACs in six IIT libraries (IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT…

Madhusudhan, Margam; Aggarwal, Shalini

2011-01-01

213

Presentation Style and Beyond: How Print Newspapers and Online News Expand Awareness of Public Affairs Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional newspapers have been shown to improve knowledge about politics and other societal issues and to widen the perceived public agenda, but what of their online counterparts and other news sites on the Internet? The consequences of differences in presentation style are addressed. A large survey representative of the Dutch adult population is used to examine how much print newspapers

Ester de Waal; Klaus Schoenbach

2008-01-01

214

Principal Perceptions about the Implementation and Effectiveness of Online Learning in Public High Schools in Indiana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine the principal perceptions and demographic relationship of the implementation and effectiveness of online learning in non-charter Indiana public high schools. An analysis was prepared to determine whether demographic factors played a role in the principal's perceptions of the implementation…

Rayle, Timothy W.

2011-01-01

215

Visualizing Online Auctions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online auctions have been the subject of many empirical research efforts in the fields of economics and information systems. These research efforts are often based on analyzing data from Web sites such as eBay.com which provide public information about sequences of bids in closed auctions, typically in the form of tables on HTML pages. The existing literature on online auctions

Galit Shmueli; Wolfgang Jank

2005-01-01

216

Health Literacy and Willingness to Use Online Health Information by Teens with Asthma and Diabetes  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective: This study measured health literacy in a population of teens in treatment for asthma or diabetes and tested the association between health literacy and willingness to use online health resources. Materials and Methods: About 180 patients aged 13–18 years treated for asthma or diabetes in specialty care clinics completed assessments of demographic characteristics, health literacy, and Internet access and use. Teens were provided a resource page listing selected publically available health-related Web sites and asked about perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, and intent to use the listed Web sites. The relationship between demographic characteristics, health literacy, and online health information use was tested using chi-squared or Fisher's exact test. Predictors of intent to use resource page Web sites were assessed using bivariate and multivariate ordinal logistic regression. Results: About 92% of participants had adequate health literacy. Over 50% of participants had previously searched online for health information. Older age was the only significant predictor of health information search. Most teens (79%) reported intent to use at least one Web site from the resource page at least occasionally within the next 3 months. Higher health literacy (odds ratio [OR]=6.24, p<0.01) and stronger perceived usefulness (OR=1.74, p=0.01) were associated with greater intent for regular use, after controlling for demographic and Internet access variables. Conclusions: Teens with lower health literacy searched online for health information as often as peers with higher literacy, but were less likely to express the intent to use recommended sites. Belief in the usefulness of a Web site is the strongest attitudinal predictor of intended future use.

Hardin, Dana S.; McCoy, Karen S.; Johnson, Lauren D.; McAlearney, Ann Scheck; Gardner, William

2011-01-01

217

10 CFR 903.15 - Public information forums.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Public information forums. 903...TRANSMISSION RATES Procedures for Public Participation in Power and...Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.15 Public information forums....

2013-01-01

218

MEASURING POPULATION HAPPINESS TO INFORM PUBLIC POLICY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows how the measurement of population happiness can inform public policy. In this context happiness refers to mood happiness, commonly referred to as Subjective Wellbeing (SWB). The essential character of SWB is that it is normally positive. It is held to be positive by a management system called SWB Homeostasis. If this management system fails, due to the

ROBERT A. CUMMINS

2009-01-01

219

The Value of Public Information in Monopoly  

Microsoft Academic Search

The logic of the linkage principle of Milgrom and Weber (1982) extends to price discrimination. A non-linear pricing monopolist who sells to a single buyer always prefers to commit to publicly reveal information a¢liated to the valuation of the buyer.

Marco Ottavianiy; Andrea Prat

2001-01-01

220

The Value of Public Information in Monopoly  

Microsoft Academic Search

The logic of the linkage principle of Milgrom and Weber (1982) extends to price discrimination. A non-linear pricing monopolist who sells to a single buyer always prefers to commit to publicly reveal information affiliated to the valuation of the buyer.

Marco Ottaviani; Andrea Prat

2000-01-01

221

Publicity, Privacy, and Permanence of Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The quantum principles of superposition and entanglement have led to a recasting of the foundations of information and computation theory, and are especially helpful in understanding the nature of privacy. The most private information, exemplified by a quantum eraser experiment, is best regarded as existing only conditionally and temporarily-after the experiment is over no trace remains. Less private is classically-secret information-quantum information that has decohered, and thus become recoverable in principle, though not in practice, from portions of the environment. Finally there is public information, which has been replicated so thoroughly throughout the environment as to be infeasible to conceal. The Internet has caused an explosion of public information, with the beneficial side effect of making it harder for despots to rewrite the history of their misdeeds, and it is tempting to hope that all macroscopic information is permanent, making such cover-ups impossible in principle if not in practice. However, by comparing entropy flows into and out of the Earth with estimates of the planet's storage capacity, we conclude that most macroscopic information-for example the pattern of sand grains on an ancient beach-is impermanent, in the sense of becoming irrecoverable in principle from the Earth though still recorded in the Universe.

Bennett, Charles H.

2006-11-01

222

Perceptions of trustworthiness online: the role of visual and textual information  

Microsoft Academic Search

People increasingly rely on social networking websites to initiate personal and professional relationships. This requires that a considerable amount of trust be placed in strangers solely on the basis of their online profiles. This paper examines how the nature of online information affects how trustworthy online daters are perceived. Visual (i.e., photographs) and textual (i.e., \\

Catalina L. Toma

2010-01-01

223

The Rise of NonTraditional Site Use for Online Political Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article updates and clarifies what is known about where political information is gathered online. Some studies have found that the online sites of traditional media companies dominate online interest and marginalize non-traditional sites that present independent views, which damages the Internet's ability to provide diverse viewpoints (Blevins, 2001; Dahlberg, 2005; Introna & Nissenbaum, 2000). Other research shows a trend

John H. Parmelee; John Davies; Carolyn A. McMahan

2011-01-01

224

Public information, dissemination, and behavior analysis  

PubMed Central

Behavior analysts have become increasingly concerned about inaccuracies and misconceptions in the public, educational, and professional information portraying their activities, but have done little to correct these views. The present paper has two purposes in this regard. First, the paper describes some of the conditions that have given rise to these concerns. Second, and more important, the paper surveys various procedures and programs for the dissemination of public information that may correct inaccuracies and misconceptions. Special consideration is also given to issues involving (a) the assessment of the problem, (b) the content and means of dissemination, (c) the possible contributions of behavior analysts to current misunderstandings, and (d) relationships between behavior analysts and the media. The dissemination of accurate and unbiased information constitutes an important new undertaking for behavior analysis. The future of the field may depend in part on such activity.

Morris, Edward K.

1985-01-01

225

The role of patient satisfaction in online health information seeking.  

PubMed

Studies of online health information seeking are beginning to address a basic question: why do people turn to the Internet? This study draws upon the Uses and Gratifications (U&G) and Media System Dependency (MSD) perspectives to examine in this process the role played by satisfaction with care. The sample comprised 178 cancer listserv users, of whom 35% chose the Internet as their preferred source of health information compared with 19% who named their oncologist. Dissatisfied patients were significantly more likely to rate the Internet as a better source of information than the provider (p = .001). The level of empathy shown by the provider and the quality of time spent with the patient had a significant negative association with choosing the Internet as a preferred source of information, and a significant positive association with choosing the oncologist as an information source. The results from this study emphasize the significance of the patient-provider interaction. Dissatisfied patients' tendency to seek and trust information sources other than their physician also may have implications for compliance with treatment. PMID:20390974

Tustin, Nupur

2010-01-01

226

Encountering distressing information in online research: a consideration of legal and ethical  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the reasons why internet researchers should contemplate their responsibility for encountering distressing disclosure in the course of their online research. 'Distressing' disclosure refers specifically to information that indicates an online communicant is considering harming him\\/herself or another\\/others (e.g. online users' announcements of suicide intentions, threats to kill another person, etc). Given both the nature of online communication

SUSANNAH R. STERN

227

Searching the Visual Arts: An Analysis of Online Information Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A search for stained glass bibliographic information using DIALINDEX identified 57 DIALOG files from a variety of subject categories and 646 citations as relevant. Files include applied science, biological sciences, chemistry, engineering, environment/pollution, people, business research, and public affairs. Eleven figures illustrate the search…

Brady, Darlene; Serban, William

1981-01-01

228

The Effect of Information Satisfaction and Relational Benefit on Consumers' Online Shopping Site Commitments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the potential determinants of consumers’ commitments to online shopping site are information features of the Web site, because online shopping consumers have to base their judgment solely on the product or service information presented on the site. When consumers are satisfied with such information features and perceive clear benefits from their relationships with the site, we can expect them

Chung-Hoon Park; Young-Gul Kim

2006-01-01

229

49 CFR 38.121 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Public information system. 38.121 Section 38...Systems § 38.121 Public information system. (a) Each car shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2011-10-01

230

49 CFR 38.87 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Public information system. 38.87 Section 38...Systems § 38.87 Public information system. (a) Each vehicle shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2011-10-01

231

49 CFR 38.103 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Public information system. 38.103 Section 38...Systems § 38.103 Public information system. (a) Each car shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2011-10-01

232

49 CFR 8.27 - Public availability of declassified information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Public availability of declassified information. 8.27 Section 8.27 Transportation...Secretary of Transportation CLASSIFIED INFORMATION: CLASSIFICATION/DECLASSIFICATION/ACCESS Access to Information § 8.27 Public availability...

2011-10-01

233

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206...NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE...Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to the public....

2009-10-01

234

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206...NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE...Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to the public....

2010-10-01

235

5 CFR 294.201 - Public information policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Public information policy. 294.201 Section...Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS AVAILABILITY OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION The Public Information Function § 294.201...

2013-01-01

236

1 CFR 15.10 - Information on drafting and publication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false Information on drafting and publication...PREPARATION, TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS SERVICES TO...Assistance § 15.10 Information on drafting and publication...distribute to agencies, information and instructions...

2012-01-01

237

e-MIR2: a public online inventory of medical informatics resources  

PubMed Central

Background Over the past years, the number of available informatics resources in medicine has grown exponentially. While specific inventories of such resources have already begun to be developed for Bioinformatics (BI), comparable inventories are as yet not available for the Medical Informatics (MI) field, so that locating and accessing them currently remains a difficult and time-consuming task. Description We have created a repository of MI resources from the scientific literature, providing free access to its contents through a web-based service. We define informatics resources as all those elements that constitute, serve to define or are used by informatics systems, ranging from architectures or development methodologies to terminologies, vocabularies, databases or tools. Relevant information describing the resources is automatically extracted from manuscripts published in top-ranked MI journals. We used a pattern matching approach to detect the resources’ names and their main features. Detected resources are classified according to three different criteria: functionality, resource type and domain. To facilitate these tasks, we have built three different classification schemas by following a novel approach based on folksonomies and social tagging. We adopted the terminology most frequently used by MI researchers in their publications to create the concepts and hierarchical relationships belonging to the classification schemas. The classification algorithm identifies the categories associated with resources and annotates them accordingly. The database is then populated with this data after manual curation and validation. Conclusions We have created an online repository of MI resources to assist researchers in locating and accessing the most suitable resources to perform specific tasks. The database contains 609 resources at the time of writing and is available at http://www.gib.fi.upm.es/eMIR2. We are continuing to expand the number of available resources by taking into account further publications as well as suggestions from users and resource developers.

2012-01-01

238

Online Processing of Government Publications at the University Library System, University of Pittsburgh  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1992 the University Library System of the University of Pittsburgh loaded the entire file (approximately 276,000 records) of the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) machine-readable cataloging records as supplied by Marcive, Inc. into its NOTIS online system. A monthly Marcive tapeload updates this file which is used to catalog retrospective and current receipts of U.S. govemment publications. This article

Debora A. Rougeux; Rebecca Mugridge

1994-01-01

239

Web-based online public access catalogues of IIT libraries in India: an evaluative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to examine the various features and components of web-based online public access catalogues (OPACs) of IIT libraries in India with the help of a specially designed evaluation checklist. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The various features of the web-based OPACs in six IIT libraries (IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, IIT Kanpur, IIT Guwahati, and

Margam Madhusudhan; Shalini Aggarwal

2011-01-01

240

The Party Line Online: An Oligarchy of Opinion on a Public Affairs Listserve  

Microsoft Academic Search

During a 6-month period analyzed in this study, a small number of ideologically like-minded participants dominated a listserve created in a small Midwestern city for discussion of public-policy issues. That dominant group exerted an oligarchy of opinion that led to online discussions about, and raises larger questions about, whether the listserve was achieving its goal of “creating a community-wide discussion.”

Steven Schild; Kim Oren

2005-01-01

241

Providing online public services successfully: the role of confirmation of citizens’ expectations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Satisfying consumer needs is a core principle of marketing. However, in the context of e-government initiatives (such as the\\u000a provision of online public services), most studies up to now have focused on adoption models such as Technology Acceptance\\u000a Model or Theory of Planned Behavior. To advance on this topic, in this work we analyze how confirmation of citizens’ expectations\\u000a may

Daniel Belanche; Luis V. Casaló; Carlos Flavián

2010-01-01

242

Online dating in Japan: a test of social information processing theory.  

PubMed

This study examines the experiences of past and present members of a popular Japanese online dating site in order to explore the extent to which Western-based theories of computer-mediated communication (CMC) and the development of online relationships are relevant to the Japanese online dating experience. Specifically, it examines whether social information processing theory (SIPT) is applicable to Japanese online dating interactions, and how and to what extent Japanese daters overcome the limitations of CMC through the use of contextual and other cues. Thirty-six current members and 27 former members of Match.com Japan completed an online survey. Using issue-based procedures for grounded theory analysis, we found strong support for SIPT. Japanese online daters adapt their efforts to present and acquire social information using the cues that the online dating platform provides, although many of these cues are specific to Japanese social context. PMID:19630584

Farrer, James; Gavin, Jeff

2009-08-01

243

Information and Knowledge Transfer through Archival Journals and On-Line Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computers, networks, and on-line information have obviously affected many aspects of our lives. In addition, the exponential increases in computer performance make it nearly impossible to predict the future. The convergence of archival journals and on-line communities, however, has already begun to occur and will dramatically change how scientific and engineering information is disseminated. The merging of on-line communities and

Lyle N. Long; Steven J. Schweitzer

2004-01-01

244

Online Social Networks and the Need for New Privacy Research in Information and Communication Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

New developments on the Internet in the past years have brought up a number of online social networking applications within the so-called Web 2.0 world that experienced phenomenal growth and a tremendous attention in the public. Online social networking services build their business model on the myriad of sensitive personal data given by its users, a fact that is increasingly

Stefan Weiss

245

Public Claims about Automatic External Defibrillators: An Online Consumer Opinions Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Patients are no longer passive recipients of health care, and increasingly engage in health communications outside of the\\u000a traditional patient and health care professional relationship. As a result, patient opinions and health related judgements\\u000a are now being informed by a wide range of social, media, and online information sources. Government initiatives recognise\\u000a self-delivery of health care as a valuable means

Arthur G Money; Julie Barnett; Jasna Kuljis

2011-01-01

246

Reviewing the Growth and Development of Scholarly, Online Publishing: Forging a New Frontier in Public Relations Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the prestige, strengths and limitations of online journals, the role they play and the impact they have in a variety of academic disciplines. It suggests electronic publication has become popular not only because it permits scholars and academic libraries to avoid the perils of greatly increasing subscription charges by traditional printed journals but also because online journal

Donald K. Wright

2007-01-01

247

Distance Students and Online Research: Promoting Information Literacy through Media Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Today's college students, particularly distance students, are increasingly dependent on the Web for their research needs. At the same time they lack the critical thinking skills required to successfully evaluate the actual credibility of online information, a critical aspect of information literacy. Furthermore, rather than access the online

Van de Vord, Rebecca

2010-01-01

248

Distance Students and Online Research: Promoting Information Literacy through Media Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's college students, particularly distance students, are increasingly dependent on the Web for their research needs. At the same time they lack the critical thinking skills required to successfully evaluate the actual credibility of online information, a critical aspect of information literacy. Furthermore, rather than access the online

Van de Vord, Rebecca

2010-01-01

249

Information Revelation and Privacy in Online Social Networks (The Facebook case)  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Participation in social networking sites has dramatically increased in recent years. Services such as Friendster, Tribe, or the Facebook allow millions of individuals to create online profiles and share personal information with vast networks of friends - and, often, unknown numbers of strangers. In this paper we study patterns of information revelation in online social networks and their privacy

Ralph Gross; Alessandro Acquisti

250

An Observational Study of How Young People Search for Online Sexual Health Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Little is known about the quality of online sexual health information, how young people access the Internet to answer their sexual health questions, or an individual's ability to sort through myriad sources for accurate information. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine how college students search for online sexual health…

Buhi, Eric R.; Daley, Ellen M.; Fuhrmann, Hollie J.; Smith, Sarah A.

2009-01-01

251

Online Information Searching Strategy Inventory (OISSI): A Quick Version and a Complete Version  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study developed an instrument to evaluate student online information searching strategies based on a framework comprising three domains and seven aspects. Two versions of the Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), including both quick and complete versions, were finally established and exhibited good validities and…

Tsai, Meng-Jung

2009-01-01

252

A preliminary usability evaluation of strategies for seeking online information with elderly people  

Microsoft Academic Search

This short paper describes an experimental study with elderly users comparing three strategies for seeking online information, Google basic search, the Yahoo! Directory and Google advanced search. The effect of three general usability criteria for the elderly, simplicity, difficulties using the mouse and cautious clicking and reading, on the total search time older people spend seeking complex online information with

Sergio Sayago; Josep Blat

2007-01-01

253

Clinical Decision Support Tools: Performance of Personal Digital Assistant versus Online Drug Information Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study Objectives. To evaluate personal digital assistant (PDA) drug information databases used to support clinical decision-making, and to compare the performance of PDA databases with their online versions. Design. Prospective evaluation with descriptive analysis. Methods. Five drug information databases available for PDAs and online were evaluated according to their scope (inclusion of correct answers), completeness (on a 3-point scale), and

Kevin A. Clauson; Hyla H. Polen; Wallace A. Marsh

2007-01-01

254

Online Credibility and Digital Ethos: Approaches for Evaluating and Incorporating Networked Information in the Digital Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the near-ubiquity of smartphones, tablets, and laptops, access to acquiring and publishing online information has never been easier; however, with this advance in information technology comes new challenges for content providers to establish credibility and for students, researchers, and consumers to develop effective ways of evaluating online credibility. For example, students and instructors in writing classes across the world

Shawn P Apostel; Moe Folk

2013-01-01

255

75 FR 76393 - Notice of Request for a New Information Collection (Public Health Information System)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...including any personal information, to http...For Additional Information: Contact John...Room 6065, South Building, Washington...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public Health Information System (PHIS)....

2010-12-08

256

Online Information Exchanges for Parents of Children With a Rare Health Condition: Key Findings From an Online Support Community  

PubMed Central

Background The Internet provides new opportunities for parents of children with difficult illnesses and disabilities to find information and support. The Internet is particularly important for caregivers of children with special needs due to numerous health-related decisions they face. For at-risk populations, online support communities can become key settings and channels for health promotion and communication. Objective This study is an initial exploration of the information-seeking and information-provision processes present in an online support community, which is an area of opportunity and interest for Internet-based medical research and practice. The aim of this study was to explore and describe information-related processes of uncertainty management in relationship to clubfoot. Specifically, the study explored interpersonal communication (information seeking and provision) in an online support community serving the needs of parents of children with clubfoot. Methods The study population consisted of messages posted to an online community by caregivers (parents) of children with clubfoot. The theoretical framework informing the study was the Uncertainty Management Theory (UMT). The study used content analysis to explore and categorize the content of 775 messages. Results Women authored 664 of 775 messages (86%) and men authored 47 messages (6%). Caregivers managed uncertainty through information seeking and provision behaviors that were dynamic and multilayered. The ratio of information-seeking messages to information-provision responses was 1 to 4. All five types of information-seeking behaviors proposed by Brashers’ schema were identified, most of them being correlated. Information seeking using direct questions was found to be positively correlated to self-disclosure (r=.538), offering of a candidate answer (r=.318), and passive information seeking (r=.253). Self-disclosure was found to be positively correlated to provision of a candidate answer (r=.324), second-guessing (r=.149), and passive information seeking (r=.366). Provision of a candidate answer was found to be positively correlated with second-guessing (r=.193) and passive information seeking (r=.223). Second-guessing was found to be positively correlated to passive information seeking (r=.311). All correlations reported above were statistically significant (P<0.01). Of the 775 messages analyzed, 255 (33%) identified a medical professional or institution by name. Detailed medical information was provided in 101 (13%) messages, with the main source of information identified being personal experience rather than medical sources. Conclusion Online communities can be an effective channel for caregivers, especially women, to seek and offer information required for managing clubfoot-related uncertainty. To enhance communication with parents, health care institutions may need to invest additional resources in user-friendly online information sources and online interactions with caregivers of children with special illnesses such as clubfoot. Furthermore, explorations of information-seeking and information-provision behaviors in online communities can provide valuable data for interdisciplinary health research and practice.

Campo, Shelly; Lowe, John; Andsager, Julie; Morcuende, Jose A

2013-01-01

257

Emotional Reactions and the Pulse of Public Opinion: Measuring the Impact of Political Events on the Sentiment of Online Discussions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses changes in public opinion by tracking political\\u000adiscussions in which people voluntarily engage online. Unlike polls or surveys,\\u000aour approach does not elicit opinions but approximates what the public thinks\\u000aby analysing the discussions in which they decide to take part. We measure the\\u000aemotional content of online discussions in three dimensions (valence, arousal\\u000aand dominance), paying

Sandra Gonzalez-Bailon; Rafael E. Banchs; Andreas Kaltenbrunner

2010-01-01

258

49 CFR 38.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Public information system. 38.35 Section 38.35 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 38.35 Public information system. (a) Vehicles in excess of 22...

2011-10-01

259

DETERMINING LACK OF INFORMATION ABOUT PUBLIC TRANSIT SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most preferred method for solving urban traffic problems is supporting the public transit systems. For this reason, enough information about the system should be offered to potential users. Lack of information about public transit system causes delays, dissatisfaction and passing to other transportation modes. In this study, two public surveys were made among public bus system users at city

Safak BILGIC; Polat YALINIZ

260

Design Principles in the Development of (Public) Health Information Infrastructures  

PubMed Central

In this article the author outlines the key issues in the development of a regional health information infrastructure suitable for public health data collections. A set of 10 basic design and development principles as used and validated in the development of the successful New Zealand National Health Information Infrastructure in 1993 are put forward as a basis for future developments. The article emphasises the importance of securing clinical input into any health data that is collected, and suggests strategies whereby this may be achieved, including creating an information economy alongside the care economy. It is suggested that the role of government in such developments is to demonstrate leadership, to work with the sector to develop data, messaging and security standards, to establish key online indexes, to develop data warehouses and to create financial incentives for adoption of the infrastructure and the services it delivers to users. However experience suggests that government should refrain from getting involved in local care services data infrastructure, technology and management issues.

Neame, Roderick

2012-01-01

261

Rural Adults' Use of Health-Related Information Online: Data from a 2006 National Online Health Survey  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective The objective of this study was to examine access and use of health-related information online in rural versus nonrural Internet users, using national data from the 2006 Pew Internet and American Life Project. Materials and Methods: A national telephone survey of 2,928 adults in August 2006 yielded a sample of 1,992 adults who use the Internet regularly. A structured interview was administered to assess frequency of Internet use and access and use of health-related information online. Results: Most Internet-using rural adults search for health-related information online; two-thirds seek information about specific medical problems and over half seek information about treatment. Three-fifths of rural adults surveyed stated that online health-related information affected the decisions they made in health maintenance and managing treatment of an illness. More than one-third reported being significantly helped by information they found, whereas one-fourth reported being confused. Comparisons between rural and nonrural Internet users suggested that rural users were more likely to seek information about smoking cessation (?2[1, N=1,990]=7.91, p<0.01) and mental health issues (?2[1, N=1,988]=3.71, p=0.05), less likely to seek information about a particular doctor or hospital (?2[1, N=1,983]=15.49, p<0.001), and more likely to report being helped (?2[1, N=1,534]=5.24, p<0.05)—but also confused (?2[1, N=1,592]=9.83, p<0.01)—by information they found. Conclusions: Rural Americans are increasingly using the Internet to acquire information about chronic disease, mental health, doctors, and treatment options. Priorities should include further development and rigorous evaluation of online resources to ensure high-quality, more direct tailoring of resources to rural families and development of tools to assist consumers in assessing the credibility of online information.

Gros, Daniel F.; McCauley, Jenna; de Arellano, Michael A.; Danielson, Carla Kmett

2011-01-01

262

History and Significance of Information Systems and Public Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public health information management has been an important aspect of protecting the health of the public since prehistoric times. Public health practice has used currently available science in mathematics, chemistry, and biology to carry out its mission. In the last 200 years, public health has made dramatic advances. Building on discoveries in other fields, public health has constructed a unique

JOHN R. LUMPKIN

263

Measuring the Ability to Interpret Medical Information Among the Japanese Public and the Relationship With Inappropriate Purchasing Attitudes of Health-Related Goods  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate the relationship with uncritical purchasing attitudes toward health-related goods, the authors devised a test for ability to interpret medical information (TAIMI) among the Japanese public, designed to measure numeracy, literacy, and also critical appraising skills. An online survey was conducted, and 6047 participants were randomly chosen from the Japanese public and 36 physicians. TAIMI score for the public

Yoshimitsu Takahashi; Michi Sakai; Tsuguya Fukui; Takuro Shimbo

2011-01-01

264

Utilization of Smoking Cessation Informational, Interactive, and Online Community Resources as Predictors of Abstinence: Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Background The association between greater utilization of Web-assisted tobacco interventions and increased abstinence rates is well recognized. However, there is little information on how utilization of specific website features influences quitting. Objective To determine the association between utilization of informational, interactive, and online community resources (eg. bulletin boards) and abstinence rates, with the broader objective to identify potential strategies for improving outcomes for Web-assisted tobacco interventions. Methods In Spring 2004, a cohort of 607 quitplan.com users consented to participate in an evaluation of quitplan.com, a Minnesota branded version of QuitNet.com. We developed utilization measures for different site features: general information, interactive diagnostic tools and quit planning tools, online expert counseling, passive (ie, reading of bulletin boards) and active (ie, public posting) online community engagement, and one-to-one messaging with other virtual community members. Using bivariate, multivariate, and path analyses, we examined the relationship between utilization of specific site features and 30-day abstinence at 6 months. Results The most commonly used resources were the interactive quit planning tools (used by 77% of site users). Other informational resources (ie, quitting guides) were used more commonly (60% of users) than passive (38%) or active (24%) community features. Online community engagement through one-to-one messaging was low (11%) as was use of online counseling (5%). The 30-day abstinence rate among study participants at 6 months was 9.7% (95% Confidence Interval [CI] 7.3% - 12.1%). In the logistic regression model, neither the demographic data (eg, age, gender, education level, employment, or insurance status) nor the smoking-related data (eg, cigarettes per day, time to first morning cigarette, baseline readiness to quit) nor use of smoking cessation medications entered the model as significant predictors of abstinence. Individuals who used the interactive quit planning tools once, two to three times, or four or more times had an odds of abstinence of 0.65 (95% Confidence Interval [CI] 0.22 - 1.94), 1.87 (95% CI 0.77 - 4.56), and 2.35 (95% CI 1.0 - 5.58), respectively. The use of one-to-one messages (reference = none vs 1 or more) entered the final model as potential predictor for abstinence, though the significance of this measure was marginal (OR = 1.91, 95% CI 0.92 - 3.97, P = .083). In the path analysis, an apparent association between active online community engagement and abstinence was accounted for in large part by increased use of interactive quitting tools and one-to-one messaging. Conclusions Use of interactive quitting tools, and perhaps one-to-one messaging with other members of the online community, was associated with increased abstinence rates among quitplan.com users. Designs that facilitate use of these features should be considered.

Schillo, Barbara A; Saul, Jessie E; Wendling, Ann H; Klatt, Colleen M; Berg, Carla J; Ahulwalia, Jasjit S; Kavanaugh, Annette M; Christenson, Matthew; Luxenberg, Michael G

2008-01-01

265

Educating the public: information or persuasion?  

PubMed

Beliefs form a major component of public attitudes, and attitudes have a role in determining how people behave as consumers and as citizens. Their behavior in turn affects the commercial viability and even the sustainability of animal industries. Beliefs are subjective facts, that is, matters that individuals consider to be true. The process of informing the community necessarily involves changing beliefs and, to this extent, persuasion. Education strategies relating to welfare issues depend on the target group and the desired outcome. Target groups include farmers, post-farm gatekeepers including transport drivers and abattoir workers, carers of companion animals, legislators and regulators, retailers, and the general community. These target groups may not be homogeneous, but each nevertheless has identifiable needs for knowledge and skills relevant to welfare. The approach that is likely to be most effective is to provide appropriately targeted dispassionate and factual information to the community. In this way, when debates about animal welfare occur, all the stakeholders--including animal-rights groups, retailers, farmers, legislators, and regulators--who are involved in the debate are more likely to produce good outcomes if discussion is based on a shared understanding of what current practices are and what science can reveal about welfare. Given that the mass media are the preferred source of information, the use of science-based media coverage and informed ethical debate is likely to have the best effect, albeit over a fairly long time frame. PMID:20378883

Coleman, Grahame John

2010-01-01

266

Social Operational Information, Competence, and Participation in Online Collective Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent advances in interactive web technologies, combined with widespread broadband and mobile device adoption, have made online collective action commonplace. Millions of individuals work together to aggregate, annotate, and share digital text, audio, images, and video. Given the prevalence and importance of online collective action systems,…

Antin, Judd David

2010-01-01

267

Information Literacy: An Online Course for Student Library Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As technology advances continue to impact K-12 schools, online education options offer alternative choices for both teaching and learning. Library media specialists, long committed to providing physical and intellectual access to instructional materials, have responded to changing needs in this online world. They had previously created a virtual…

Lincoln, Margaret

2009-01-01

268

Teaching Science and Technology via Online Distance Learning: The Experience of Teaching Biostatistics in an Online Master of Public Health Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the development and teaching of a biostatistics module within a fully online distance learning Master of Public Health (MPH) programme at the University of Manchester. The MPH programme caters for students from over 40 countries worldwide and all materials are delivered via the Blackboard virtual learning environment. In this…

Gemmell, Isla; Sandars, John; Taylor, Stewart; Reed, Katie

2011-01-01

269

Online Learning and Information Technology in the Asia-Pacific Region: Perspectives, Issues, and Divides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue presents articles contributed by academics from the Asia-Pacific region on perspectives and progress made in online learning and information technology (IT). The articles discuss online learning and IT efforts in South Korea, Hong Kong, China, Taiwan, Japan, Singapore, Australia, Guam, and New Zealand. (AEF)

Hung, David; Chen, Der-Thanq

2003-01-01

270

New Form of Identity (ID) Theft Crime: Acquiring Personal Information from Your Online Newsletter Providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using sophisticated means, Identity (ID) Thieves can acquire victims' personal information for their own deeds from online news providers. This paper discusses how ID Thieves may compile their stock of trade from Directory Harvest Attacks (DHAs) and launch the attacks against online news providers with two possible attack methodologies. This follows by an evaluation of the inadequacy of the current

Gim Hiong Soh; Timo Vuori

2004-01-01

271

Information Use in Online Civic Discourse: A Study of Health Care Reform Debate  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a study of civic discourse in online political forums. On March 23, 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was signed into law in the United States after heated debate. Some of the debate took place online, often in political forums. This study describes and analyzes the information used to frame and support participants’ opinions

Lisa OConnor; Marcia Rapchak

2012-01-01

272

Creation and loss of sociotechnical capital among information professionals educated online  

Microsoft Academic Search

One goal of library and information science (LIS) education is for graduates to engage with the profession and interact with one another throughout their careers. The increase over the last decade in online distance learning options for LIS students presents a challenge to educators with respect to this goal: are students who earn the degree online sufficiently connected with one

Michelle M. Kazmer

2006-01-01

273

Weak ties: Subtle role of information diffusion in online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a social media, online social networks play a vital role in the social information diffusion. However, due to its unique complexity, the mechanism of the diffusion in online social networks is different from the ones in other types of networks and remains unclear to us. Meanwhile, few works have been done to reveal the coupled dynamics of both the

Jichang Zhao; Junjie Wu; Ke Xu

2010-01-01

274

Music and amount of information: do they matter in an online apparel setting?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of an online apparel setting, this study examined the effects of amount of information and music on consumers’ affective states (i.e. pleasure and arousal) and cognitive states (i.e. perceived risk and attitude toward the site), which in turn may affect consumer shopping response (purchase intent). The moderating role of situational involvement with online shopping on the relationship

Jung-Hwan Kim; Sharron Lennon

2012-01-01

275

Performance-Based Assessment in an Online Course: Comparing Different Types of Information Literacy Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates whether the type of instruction (a single face-to-face librarian-led instruction, instructor-led instruction, or an online IL course--the Online Research Lab) has an impact on student information literacy gains in a Freshman English Composition program. A performance-based assessment was carried out by analyzing…

Mery, Yvonne; Newby, Jill; Peng, Ke

2012-01-01

276

Writing as an Information Literacy Tool: Bringing Writing in the Disciplines to an Online Library Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Writing in the Discipline (WID) concepts lend themselves to execution in an online realm, where written communication is the primary means of contact between students and instructors. The author instituted WID in an online section of a 1-credit research class and found the WID framework also made it easier for students to demonstrate information literacy. WID provides space within

Steven Ovadia

2010-01-01

277

78 FR 60303 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Online Survey of Web Services Employers; New...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection Activities: Online Survey of Web Services Employers; New Information Collection...gov and via the Federal eRulemaking Portal Web site at http://www.Regulations.gov...the Form/Collection: Online Survey of Web Services Employers. (3) Agency form...

2013-10-01

278

78 FR 42537 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Online Survey of Web Services Employers; New...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection Activities: Online Survey of Web Services Employers; New Information Collection...the Form/Collection: Online Survey of Web Services Employers. (3) Agency form number...USCIS obtains data on the E-Verify Program Web Services. Gaining an understanding of...

2013-07-16

279

14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...104 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.104 Public information coordination and concurrence. (a) General . All NASA employees involved...

2012-01-01

280

THE PUBLIC OPINION INFORMATION THAT POLITICIANS COLLECT AND USE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are the decisions of American policymakers informed by general trends in the public's ideology or by the public's policy-specific preferences? In this article we discuss two explanations for the types of public opinion information that politicians collect and use. Using a unique data set of private polls from the White House of Richard Nixon, we find that when opinion data

JAMES N. DRUCKMAN; LAWRENCE R. JACOBS

281

Cross-Pollination of Information in Online Social Media: A Case Study on Popular Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Owing to the popularity of Online Social Media (OSM), Internet users share a lot of information on and across OSM services every day. Users recommend, comment, and forward information they receive from friends, contributing in spreading the information in and across OSM services. We term this information diffusion process from one OSM service to another as Cross-Pollination, and the network

Paridhi Jain; Tiago Rodrigues; Gabriel Magno; Ponnurangam Kumaraguru; Virgilio Almeida

2011-01-01

282

Syntax Encodes Information Structure: Evidence from On-Line Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although sentences are thought to be generally easier to process when given information precedes new information, closer examination reveals that these preferences only manifest within some syntactic structures. Here, we examine the consequences of the relative ordering of given and new information ("information structure") for the on-line

Brown, Meredith; Savova, Virginia; Gibson, Edward

2012-01-01

283

The Effect of Information Seeking Behavior on an Online Purchase Intention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a research in progress to study the effect of information seeking behavior on an online purchase intention. There are several strategies people use to find information in the Internet, whether information of interest is known or unknown. Furthermore, before conducting a search, people may have plans on how they will gather information or simply browsing the Web

Paulus Insap Santosa

2003-01-01

284

7 CFR 1221.123 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1221...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. (a...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, or product formulations...

2013-01-01

285

7 CFR 1221.123 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1221...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. (a...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, or product formulations...

2012-01-01

286

7 CFR 1208.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1208...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Patents...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations...

2013-01-01

287

7 CFR 1216.88 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1216...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Patents...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations...

2013-01-01

288

7 CFR 1218.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1218...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Patents...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations...

2013-01-01

289

7 CFR 1206.52 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1206...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Patents...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations...

2013-01-01

290

7 CFR 63.501 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 63...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Any...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, or product formulations...

2013-01-01

291

7 CFR 1214.62 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1214...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. Patents...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations...

2013-01-01

292

Patient-provider discussion of online health information: results from the 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS).  

PubMed

Increasing numbers of people have turned to the Internet for health information. Little has been done beyond speculation to empirically investigate patients' discussion of online health information with health care professionals (HCPs) and patients' perception of HCPs' reactions to such discussion. The author analyzed data from the 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) to identify the characteristics of patients (a) who search for health information on the Internet, (b) who discuss the information found on the Internet with HCPs, and (c) who positively assess HCPs' reaction to the online information. Findings show that men were more likely than were women to have a conversation on online information with HCPs. It is unfortunate that patients who had trouble understanding or trusting online health information were no more likely to ask questions to or seek guidance from HCPs. Reactions of HCPs to online information were perceived as particularly negative by certain groups of patients, such as those who experienced poor health and those who had more concerns about the quality of their searched information. Results are discussed for their implications for patient empowerment and patient-HCP relationships. PMID:23590202

Chung, Jae Eun

2013-04-16

293

An Analysis of the Public Information and Education Countermeasure: 1975.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the activities and accomplishments of the Public Information and Education program operated by the Los Angeles County Alcohol Safety Action Project (ASAP). During 1975 ASAP released its second-phase public service announcements. The I...

E. B. Miller

1976-01-01

294

Public Policy and Product Information. Summary Findings from Consumer Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the findings of an Assessment of Consumer Information Processing Research in Relation to Public Policy Needs. The first section studies the public policy setting. The main body of the digest reviews, examines, and interprets the existi...

G. S. Hutchison

1975-01-01

295

Public Information for All: An Interview with Carl Malamud  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the early 1990s, Carl Malamud has made it his business to return to the public what is rightfully theirs: free access to public information. Despite legislation that mandates such access to government information, some categories of information have been excluded, notable among them court opinions (with the exception of the U.S. Supreme…

Rabina, Debbie

2010-01-01

296

Inventory Information of Public Lands. Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Volume 1 of the study on public lands includes introductory materials and Chapters A through L, which present data for each major function or commodity area. Chapter A covers land status, cessions and acquisitions to the public domain, exchanges, disposit...

M. A. Pearl

1970-01-01

297

Public health informatics: how information-age technology can strengthen public health.  

PubMed

The combination of the burgeoning interest in health, health care reform and the advent of the Information Age, represents a challenge and an opportunity for public health. If public health's effectiveness and profile are to grow, practitioners and researchers will need reliable, timely information with which to make information-driven decisions, better ways to communicate, and improved tools to analyze and present new knowledge. "Public Health Informatics" (PHI) is the science of applying Information-Age technology to serve the specialized needs of public health. In this paper we define Public Health Informatics, outline specific benefits that may accrue from its widespread application, and discuss why and how an academic discipline of public health informatics should be developed. Finally, we make specific recommendations for actions that government and academia can take to assure that public health professionals have the systems, tools, and training to use PHI to advance the mission of public health. PMID:7639873

Friede, A; Blum, H L; McDonald, M

1995-01-01

298

Making a Good First Impression: Improving Predesign and Environmental Public Information and Public Involvement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Current federal transportation legislation creates considerable responsibility for state departments of transportation and metropolitan planning organizations to provide public information and public involvement to a diverse community and to obtain feedba...

R. S. Done

2007-01-01

299

Online Discussion Compensates for Suboptimal Timing of Supportive Information Presentation in a Digitally Supported Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study used a sequential set-up to investigate the consecutive effects of timing of supportive information presentation (information before vs. information during the learning task clusters) in interactive digital learning materials (IDLMs) and type of collaboration (personal discussion vs. online discussion) in computer-supported…

Noroozi, Omid; Busstra, Maria C.; Mulder, Martin; Biemans, Harm J. A.; Tobi, Hilde; Geelen, Anouk; van't Veer, Pieter; Chizari, Mohammad

2012-01-01

300

Consumers' Online Information Search: Gen Yers' Finding Needles in the Internet Haystack  

Microsoft Academic Search

There exists a paucity of research attention afforded to understanding consumer information search behavior on the Internet, vis-a-vis existing information search models such as an interactive, consumer experience in the offline realm. Thus, the present study investigates whether the factors inculcated within traditional cognitive processing models remain significant in the online information setting. Grounded in the contributions of Punj and

Moutusy Maity; Maxwell K. Hsu; Lou E. Pelton

2012-01-01

301

An Informal Online Learning Community for Student Mental Health at University: A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As a potential solution to increasing demands on mental health services at universities, this project seeks to develop an informal online learning community for mental health support and education. Students' use of the Internet and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), especially to access health information, provides a supporting…

Richards, Derek; Tangney, Brendan

2008-01-01

302

Web based online realtime information system for reliability of electrical energy supply including WTG  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web based online real-time reliability integrated information system is asked rapidly for more efficiency and demand response in recent. As the utilization of renewable resources has been receiving considerable attention in recent years, the information system requirement is increased. Specially, the reliability information system is more important for implementing the smart grid. This paper describes architecture of the WORRIS(Web Based

Kyeonghee Cho; Taeho Song; Jaeseok Choi; J. Mitra; M. Shahidehpour

2010-01-01

303

Conference Report: Online Information Meeting 2005, Olympia, London (UK), 29 November-1 December 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For many years now the Holiday season has been associated with the gathering of information professionals in west London for the annual Online Information Meeting. The Meeting currently is organized by VNU Exhibitions Europe (formerly Imark Communication), though for old-timers it will forever be associated with Learned Information, the…

Education for Information, 2006

2006-01-01

304

An Informal Online Learning Community for Student Mental Health at University: A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a potential solution to increasing demands on mental health services at universities, this project seeks to develop an informal online learning community for mental health support and education. Students' use of the Internet and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), especially to access health information, provides a supporting…

Richards, Derek; Tangney, Brendan

2008-01-01

305

The devil you know: parental online information seeking after a paediatric cancer diagnosis  

PubMed Central

There is a growing interest in understanding the effect that online information seeking has on patient experiences, empowerment, and interactions with health care providers. This mixed-methods study combines surveys and in-depth interviews with 41 parents of paediatric cancer patients in the US to examine how parents think about, evaluate, access, and use the Internet to seek information related to their child’s cancer. We find that during the acute crisis of a child being diagnosed with cancer parents preferred to receive information related to their child’s diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment options from a trusted health care provider rather than through the Internet. To this end, we find that access to medically related cancer information through the Internet was deemed untrustworthy and frightening. Parents’ reasons for avoiding online information seeking included fear of what they might find out, uncertainty about the accuracy of information online, being overloaded by the volume of information online, and having been told not to go online by oncologists. Some parents also had logistical barriers to accessing the Internet. While most parents did not turn to the Internet as a source of health-related information, many did use the Internet to connect with sources of social support throughout their child’s illness.

Gage, Elizabeth A.; Panagakis, Christina

2011-01-01

306

Online information seeking practices of biology teachers and the perceived influences on instructional planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine biology teachers' perceptions of how their online information seeking practices influence their instructional planning. When teachers engage in activities to locate, evaluate, and use online information and resources, a myriad of inter-related and often inseparable consequences follows. These influences may be any combination of direct/indirect, desirable/undesirable, or anticipated/unanticipated (Rogers, 2003). This exploratory study collected baseline data regarding teachers' online practices and its influence on their practice. There were two phases of data collection in this study. Phase I was an online survey of more than seventy New York State biology teachers. The survey was intended to capture (1) a snapshot of the biology teachers' online information seeking practices during the summer and fall 2004, and (2) their perceptions regarding how their online practices influenced their instructional planning. In Phase II, ten study participants were interviewed in order to explore in greater detail the consequences of their online information seeking practices on their instructional planning. Four themes reflecting the consequences of teachers' information seeking practices emerged from the data analysis: Currency of Information; Sparking of Ideas and Gaining Personal Knowledge; Resource Management and the Role of Time; and Webs of Sharing. Each theme encompassed both the purposeful and the indirect actions by teachers to access knowledge and resources to refine and improve their instructional planning. This study's findings show that teachers are using a greater number and wider range of current and multi-modal resources than pre-Internet and they perceive this as an advantage in creating authentic, inquiry-based learning experiences. A notable discovery was of the under-use by teachers of educational online resources specifically designed to support teaching and learning activities (e.g., digital libraries, online databases, and listservs). This study's findings point to a recursive process in which teachers are engaged in ongoing online information seeking practices; continually learning and fostering new knowledge; integrating the learning into their instructional planning practices; changing their teaching strategies; and going back online to search for information and resources and begin the cycle again.

Perrault, Anne Marie

307

Using health information exchange to improve public health.  

PubMed

Public health relies on data reported by health care partners, and information technology makes such reporting easier than ever. However, data are often structured according to a variety of different terminologies and formats, making data interfaces complex and costly. As one strategy to address these challenges, health information organizations (HIOs) have been established to allow secure, integrated sharing of clinical information among numerous stakeholders, including clinical partners and public health, through health information exchange (HIE). We give detailed descriptions of 11 typical cases in which HIOs can be used for public health purposes. We believe that HIOs, and HIE in general, can improve the efficiency and quality of public health reporting, facilitate public health investigation, improve emergency response, and enable public health to communicate information to the clinical community. PMID:21330598

Shapiro, Jason S; Mostashari, Farzad; Hripcsak, George; Soulakis, Nicholas; Kuperman, Gilad

2011-02-17

308

The application of information technology in the teaching of veterinary epidemiology and public health.  

PubMed

Information technology (IT) is an imprecise term currently used to describe computer-based techniques for data manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. IT possesses several characteristics that promote meaningful learning, including (1) just-in-time, personalized; (2) student-centered versus teacher-centric; (3) self-paced; (4) anytime, anywhere; and (5) discovery (through bibliographic and other information searches). However, if done improperly, IT-based teaching can be counterproductive. Factors to consider when evaluating the effectiveness of IT-based teaching methods include (1) content, (2) learning, (3) delivery support, (4) usability, and (5) technological. IT has been used to support instruction in epidemiology and public health at many levels, ranging from basic computer literacy to hands-on training in epidemiological methods through computer-based problem sets, case workups, outbreak investigations, and tutorials. Online quizzes based on articles selected from practice-oriented journals have been used to promote evidence-based medicine skills, including the critical evaluation of medical claims. As online access and delivery improve, opportunities for substantive online education and lifelong learning through IT have expanded. One of the most novel and comprehensive implementations of collaborative online sharing of educational content in epidemiology and public health is the Epidemiology Supercourse (http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/). More than 9,000 faculty from 118 countries have contributed to an online library of more than 700 lectures with quality control and adherence to accepted pedagogic principles. The goal is to improve teaching and research in epidemiology and public health worldwide. Although the focus is on human medicine, the concepts, methods, and principles can easily be applied to veterinary medicine. The Association for Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine (AVEPM) seeks to heighten awareness of issues in veterinary epidemiology and public health education among veterinary educators through various forums, symposia, and workshops. The AVEPM Web site (http://www.cvm.uiuc.edu/avepm/) includes a listing of educational software and Web sites supporting epidemiology and public health education. PMID:14976620

Smith, Ronald D

2003-01-01

309

Serving Citizens' Needs: Minimizing Hurdles to Accessing Government Information Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid spread of the Internet across society, government institutions are taking advantage of using digital technology to distribute materials to citizens. Is merely having a Web site enough or are there certain usability considerations to which site creators must adhere in order to assure efficient access to online materials? Here, I report on a project that looked at

Eszter Hargittai

310

Information incorporation in online in-Game sports betting markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze data from $52$ online in-game sports betting markets (where betting is allowed continuously throughout a game), including 34 markets based on soccer (European football) games from the 2002 World Cup, and 18 basketball games from the 2002 USA National Basketball Association (NBA) championship. We show that prices on average approach the correct outcome over time, and the price

Sandip Debnath; David M. Pennock; C. Lee Giles; Steve Lawrence

2003-01-01

311

Safe Harbors: Online Liability Provisions Should Benefit Information Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses provisions of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DCMA) that relate to special librarians and offer a limitation on liability for online service providers. Highlights include eligibility requirements; storing material and referring users to material at other locations through hypertext links or search engines; system caching; and…

Crosby, John

1999-01-01

312

Public Information about Osteoporosis: What's Available, What's Needed.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The background paper describes the existing public information about osteoporosis and discusses problems that limit its usefulness, including problems in the dissemination and targeting of information to different types of people who have or are at risk o...

1994-01-01

313

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE ACT Procedures Governing Decisions About Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to...

2012-10-01

314

32 CFR 286.2 - DoD public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...activities, records requested through public information channels by news media representatives that would not be withheld if requested...Prompt responses to requests for information from news media representatives should be encouraged to...

2013-07-01

315

21 CFR 5.1110 - FDA public information offices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...301-827-6860. (b) Division of Freedom of Information. The Division of Freedom of Information public room is located in rm. 1050...20857, Telephone: 301-796-3900. (c) Press Relations Staff. Press offices are...

2013-04-01

316

EXTENDING ENVIRONMENTAL SURVEILLANCE TO USEFUL PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public Health Applications in Remote Sensing (PHAiRS) is addressing: (1) an atmospheric dust modeling system into which Earth observation (EO) data have been assimilated, and (2) a public health information system that is designed to link environmental data to aggregated health outcome data provided by the New Mexico Department of Health and other public health authorities. The objective is to

Stanley A. Morain; Amelia M. Budge

2008-01-01

317

24 CFR 3282.54 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the Secretary, an SAA or a PIA prior to the effective date of these regulations. (d) Request for information from PIAs or SAAs. Whenever a PIA or SAA receives requests for disclosure of information, it shall disclose the information unless...

2010-04-01

318

Linking People to the Global Networked Society. Evaluation of the Online at PA Libraries Project: Public Access to the Internet through Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides an evaluation of the Online at PA Libraries project which was initiated in the Fall of 1996 by the Pennsylvania Department of Education's Office of Commonwealth Libraries and the Schuylkill Intermediate Unit. The report documents that the following goals were accomplished: (1) provide public access to the Internet through…

McClure, Charles R.; Bertot, John Carlo

319

76 FR 1137 - Publicly Available Consumer Product Safety Information Database: Notice of Public Web Conferences  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Database: Notice of Public Web Conferences AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...or ``we'') is announcing two Web conferences to demonstrate to interested...information database (``Database''). The Web conferences will be webcast live from...

2011-01-07

320

INFORMATION LITERACY IN PUBLIC LIBRARIES: A COVERT OPERATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The participative and collaborative technologies of Web 2.0 are being utilised by libraries in their information literacy programs. Supporting independent learning and literacy are core public library roles, along with providing physical and virtual places for social and community interaction. This paper considers the application of Web 2.0 tools to public library's information literacy programs, under the aegis of reader

L. PIEPER

2010-01-01

321

The Public Library in the Age of Electronic Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the first tutorial in 1983 the author has chosen to summarize the current status of the public library in relationship to the several technologies heralded as powering the new Information Age and to suggest ways in which the public library might participate. Turock, who teaches services and administration at Rutgers' newly merged School of Communication, Information and Library Studies

Betty Turock

1983-01-01

322

Information Technology and Value Creation in the Public Sector Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this dissertation, I study the performance impact of information technology (IT) investments in the public sector. IT has been one of the key assets in public administration since the early MIS era. Even though the information systems (IS) discipline has witnessed a considerable amount of research efforts on the subject of IT business value…

Pang, Min-Seok

2011-01-01

323

14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and shall publish guidelines for the release of public information that...decision to proceed or not proceed with the issuance of a news release or other type of public information...will be addressed and resolved by the Assistant Administrator for...

2013-01-01

324

A note on the value of public information in monopoly  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper shows that in the standard model of monopoly with asymmetric information and second-degree price discrimination,\\u000a the monopolist prefers to reveal public information under a form of stochastic dependence that is weaker than the affiliation\\u000a of private values, private signals, and public signals.

Alexander E. Saak

2007-01-01

325

Public Participation Geographic Information Systems: A Literature Review and Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public participation geographic information systems (PPGIS) pertains to the use of geographic information systems (GIS) to broaden public involvement in policymaking as well as to the value of GIS to promote the goals of nongovernmental organizations, grassroots groups, and community-based organizations. The article first traces the social history of PPGIS. It then argues that PPGIS has been socially constructed by

Renee Sieber

2006-01-01

326

Information Technology and Value Creation in the Public Sector Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this dissertation, I study the performance impact of information technology (IT) investments in the public sector. IT has been one of the key assets in public administration since the early MIS era. Even though the information systems (IS) discipline has witnessed a considerable amount of research efforts on the subject of IT business value for…

Pang, Min-Seok

2011-01-01

327

36 CFR 1120.6 - Information in A&TBCB publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Published...a) General. Copies of information material...informational materials include press releases, pamphlets...public without cost as part of a public information program...indexes required by the Freedom of Information Act...

2012-07-01

328

36 CFR 1120.6 - Information in A&TBCB publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Published...a) General. Copies of information material...informational materials include press releases, pamphlets...public without cost as part of a public information program...indexes required by the Freedom of Information Act...

2011-07-01

329

Online Opportunist: Mary Ellen Icaza--Montgomery County Public Libraries, Rockville, MD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When Mary Ellen Icaza became Electronic Services Librarian at Montgomery County Public Libraries, she noticed that the readers' services information on the library web site was invisible, even to librarians. "And if staff can't find it," she says, "customers can't." She set out to help people find that material-and to turn a "static brochure"…

Library Journal, 2004

2004-01-01

330

USER CENTERED E-GOVERNMENT: MEASURING USER SATISFACTION OF ONLINE PUBLIC SERVICES  

Microsoft Academic Search

New Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) offer the government new possibilities to provide more efficiency and better services for citizens and businesses. However, criticism about the provision of e-government services has proposed a more user-oriented approach. The user needs to be at the centre of the development of electronic public services. And it is even more important to pay attention

Pieter Verdegem; Laurence Hauttekeete

331

Trust perceptions of online travel information by different content creators: Some social and legal implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumers are increasingly turning to the online environment to provide information to assist them in making purchase decisions\\u000a related to travel products. They often rely on travel recommendations from different sources, such as sellers, independent\\u000a experts and, increasingly, other consumers. A new type of online content, user-generated content (UGC), provides a number\\u000a of legal and social challenges to providers and

Stephen Burgess; Carmine Sellitto; Carmen Cox; Jeremy Buultjens

2011-01-01

332

Does the type of anonymity matter? The impact of visualization on information sharing in online groups.  

PubMed

Groups who share information in computer-mediated settings often have to deal with the issue of anonymity. Previous research has shown that only people with a prosocial orientation--that is, those whose main interest is to add to the benefit of the group as a whole--are willing to share information in anonymous situations. The willingness to share information by those people with a proself orientation--that is, those who put more emphasis on their personal benefit--can be increased by providing photographs of the other group members. The information-sharing behavior of prosocials, however, suffers from such a deletion of anonymity. In an online experiment, we examined how information-sharing behavior of proselfs may be increased without negatively influencing the information-sharing behavior of prosocials in an online setting. It was shown that even proselfs share information if the group members are visualized in a homogeneous way, while prosocials' information-sharing behavior is not impaired by this visualization. In addition, the results suggest that people's perceived homogeneity of the online group, as well as the importance of the collective goal, are the underlying processes of this effect. These results have important practical implications for the design of online information-sharing settings. PMID:20649445

Wodzicki, Katrin; Schwämmlein, Eva; Cress, Ulrike; Kimmerle, Joachim

2010-07-22

333

Exploit of online social networks with Semi-Supervised Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid growth of the Internet, more and more people interact with their friends in online social networks like Facebook. Current online social networks have designed some strategies to protect users' privacy, but they are not stringent enough. Some public information of profile or relationship can be utilized to infer users' private information. Online social networks usually contain little

Mingzhen Mo; Dingyan Wang; Baichuan Li; Dan Hong; Irwin King

2010-01-01

334

Enhancing Access to Resources Through the Online Catalog and the Library Web Site: A Collaboration Between Public and Technical Services at Texas A&M University Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

At Texas A&M University Libraries, public services personnel use a Web-based form for two purposes: (1) to report errors in the online catalog; and (2) to enhance access to electronic resources through the addition of subject terms and alternative titles. This service has allowed public and technical services staff to work together to improve access to resources through the online

Jeannette Ho

2005-01-01

335

A study on the effective use of online public access catalogue at the libraries of engineering colleges in Karnataka (India)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to present the results of a survey conducted to determine the effective use of online public access catalogue (OPAC) at the libraries of engineering colleges in Karnataka. The paper examines the results from a questionnaire-based survey conducted at the libraries of engineering colleges in Karnataka. 1716 samples of the questionnaire was distributed randomly between the staff and

K. R. Mulla; M. Chandrashekara

2009-01-01

336

Sharing hydropower information through books and publications  

SciTech Connect

HRW summarizes several books and publications by hydro professionals that educate, instruct, or assist colleagues throughout the world as they work toward meeting today`s hydro`s challenges and pursuing opportunities.

Fulton, E.

1995-12-31

337

Branded product information search on the Web: The role of brand trust and credibility of online information sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing upon the cost–benefit framework and trust mechanism as a risk reducer, this study examines the influence of brand factors and source credibility on branded product information Web searches. The online survey was conducted within the pre-purchase context of digital camera brands. The results revealed that brand factors did not influence overall branded information search efforts. However, brand trust and

Chunsik Lee; Junga Kim; Sylvia M. Chan-Olmsted

2011-01-01

338

Branded product information search on the Web: The role of brand trust and credibility of online information sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing upon the cost–benefit framework and trust mechanism as a risk reducer, this study examines the influence of brand factors and source credibility on branded product information Web searches. The online survey was conducted within the pre-purchase context of digital camera brands. The results revealed that brand factors did not influence overall branded information search efforts. However, brand trust and

Chunsik Lee; Junga Kim; Sylvia M. Chan-Olmsted

2010-01-01

339

Reputation, Certification, Warranties, and Information as Remedies for Seller-Buyer Information Asymmetries: Lessons from the Online Comic Book Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Signaling strategies that sellers of higher-quality products or securities employ to differentiate their products include (1) development of a reputation for quality, (2) third-party certification, (3) warranties, and (4) information disclosure. These signaling strategies are compared using data from the online auction market for classic comic books. This market's advantages include that (1) the information asymmetry is substantial, (2) good

Michaël Dewally; Louis Ederington

2006-01-01

340

Understanding the Online Information-Seeking Behaviours of Young People: The Role of Networks of Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information seeking is one of the most popular online activities for young people and can provide an additional information channel, which may enhance learning. In this study, we propose and test a model that adds to the existing literature by examining the ways in which parents, schools, and friends (what we call networks of support) effect…

Eynon, R.; Malmberg, L.-E.

2012-01-01

341

Relationship classification in large scale online social networks and its impact on information propagation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we study two tightly coupled topics in online social networks (OSN): relationship classification and information propagation. The links in a social network often reflect social relationships among users. In this work, we first investigate identifying the relationships among social network users based on certain social network property and limited pre- known information. Social networks have been widely

Shaojie Tang; Jing Yuan; Xufei Mao; Xiang-Yang Li; Wei Chen; Guojun Dai

2011-01-01

342

Understanding the Online Information-Seeking Behaviours of Young People: The Role of Networks of Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information seeking is one of the most popular online activities for young people and can provide an additional information channel, which may enhance learning. In this study, we propose and test a model that adds to the existing literature by examining the ways in which parents, schools, and friends (what we call networks of support) effect young…

Eynon, R.; Malmberg, L.-E.

2012-01-01

343

An Impact of Social Media on Online Travel Information Search in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

social media websites play more and more important role as information sources for travelers. The paper selects nine Chinese excellent tourism cities as sample with different city level, population size and geographic location, uses six main travel-related keywords to study empirically social media impact on online travel information search by Baidu search engine. The results show that social media websites

Chai Haiyan

2010-01-01

344

Becoming Visible: Assessing the Availability of Online Sexual Health Information for Lesbians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research suggests that lesbians turn to the Internet for information regarding their sexual health. However, limited research has examined the availability of online sexual health resources for this population. This study evaluated the volume, scope, and readability of sexual health information available to lesbians on the Internet. The top three Nielsen-rated search engines were used to identify websites generated using

Lisa L. Lindley; Daniela B. Friedman; Corrie Struble

2012-01-01

345

Context-Adaptive Information Flow Allocation and Media Delivery in Online Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates context-driven flow allocation and media delivery in online social networks. We exploit information on contacts and content preferences found in social networking applications to provide efficient network services and operation at the underlying transport layer. We formulate a linear programming framework that maximizes the information flow–cost ratio of the transport network serving the nodes in the social

Jacob Chakareski; Pascal Frossard

2010-01-01

346

Species difference in adaptive use of public information in sticklebacks.  

PubMed Central

Animals foraging on variable food sources can refine their estimates of patch quality by monitoring the success of others (i.e. collect 'public information'). Here, we show that both three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) and nine-spined sticklebacks (Pungitius pungitius) use past cues provided by others to locate food but only nine-spined sticklebacks use prior public information to assess patch quality, regardless of whether demonstrators were conspecifics or heterospecifics. Moreover, nine-spined but not three-spined sticklebacks preferentially hid in vegetation during the demonstration, a position from which they could observe both patches simultaneously and collect public information. We conclude that species differences in the use of public information can be explained by variations in habitat choice and response to predation. Our findings expand current understanding of the scope of public-information use in animals by showing that fishes can use public-information in a foraging context and from heterospecifics. The study suggests that public-information use is an adaptation that allows animals vulnerable to predation to acquire valuable foraging information at low risk.

Coolen, Isabelle; van Bergen, Yfke; Day, Rachel L; Laland, Kevin N

2003-01-01

347

Explaining use of information in public policymaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, scholars have attempted to understand the role of information in policymaking by developing several models\\u000a of information utilization and have tested them empirically, at both national and state levels. This paper has called into\\u000a question past studies as they relate to describing and explaining use of information. This paper tests an integrated model\\u000a of information utilization that

Cheol H. Oh; Robert F. Rich

1996-01-01

348

Democratizing Human Genome Project Information: A Model Program for Education, Information and Debate in Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "Mapping the Human Genome" project demonstrated that librarians can help whomever they serve in accessing information resources in the areas of biological and health information, whether it is the scientists who are developing the information or a member of the public who is using the information. Public libraries can guide library users…

Pollack, Miriam

349

Weak ties: Subtle role of information diffusion in online social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a social media, online social networks play a vital role in the social information diffusion. However, due to its unique complexity, the mechanism of the diffusion in online social networks is different from the ones in other types of networks and remains unclear to us. Meanwhile, few works have been done to reveal the coupled dynamics of both the structure and the diffusion of online social networks. To this end, in this paper, we propose a model to investigate how the structure is coupled with the diffusion in online social networks from the view of weak ties. Through numerical experiments on large-scale online social networks, we find that in contrast to some previous research results, selecting weak ties preferentially to republish cannot make the information diffuse quickly, while random selection can achieve this goal. However, when we remove the weak ties gradually, the coverage of the information will drop sharply even in the case of random selection. We also give a reasonable explanation for this by extra analysis and experiments. Finally, we conclude that weak ties play a subtle role in the information diffusion in online social networks. On one hand, they act as bridges to connect isolated local communities together and break through the local trapping of the information. On the other hand, selecting them as preferential paths to republish cannot help the information spread further in the network. As a result, weak ties might be of use in the control of the virus spread and the private information diffusion in real-world applications.

Zhao, Jichang; Wu, Junjie; Xu, Ke

2010-07-01

350

Sharing private information online: the mediator effect of social exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in information technology facilitate extensive collection and analysis of personal information for the purpose of strategic use by websites or companies. However, the typical reluctance of web users in sharing personal information significantly reduces such opportunity enabled by information technology. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to construct and empirically assess a causal model that explains how web

Su-Yu Zeng; Ling-Ling Wu; Houn-Gee Chen

2009-01-01

351

Building Business Relationships Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

This baseline survey of 517 executives examined relationship management within business-to-business (B2B) e-commerce. Companies that employed B2B e-commerce evidenced communication and public relations tenets of relationship management. They allowed consumers to order and pay online, to access online support, to contact the company or sales staff, and to get product information. Engendering loyalty, by tracking customer satisfaction, was weak. Commitment

Bryan H. Reber; Scott Fosdick

2005-01-01

352

Another Look at "SourceOECD": Providing Access to Online Publications through the Library Catalog  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"SourceOECD," the online/print subscription service of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, is examined. Solutions for providing access in library online catalogs are described, as are recent technical improvements to the online subscription service.

Ragains, Patrick

2004-01-01

353

Journals for Computer-Mediated Learning: Publications of Value for the Online Educator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In contrast with traditional academic disciplines, online educators do not have a generally accepted list of scholarly journals, which is in part a result of the multidisciplinary nature of the field, the relative infancy of online learning, and the view of online pedagogy as an instructional modality rather than a discrete academic discipline.…

Elbeck, Matt; Mandernach, B. Jean

2009-01-01

354

7 CFR 1218.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1218.56 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2012-01-01

355

7 CFR 1216.88 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1216.88 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2009-01-01

356

7 CFR 1206.52 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1206.52 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2012-01-01

357

7 CFR 1216.88 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1216.88 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2012-01-01

358

7 CFR 1206.52 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1206.52 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2010-01-01

359

7 CFR 1218.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1218.56 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2009-01-01

360

7 CFR 1206.52 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1206.52 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2009-01-01

361

7 CFR 1218.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1218.56 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2010-01-01

362

7 CFR 1216.88 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications... § 1216.88 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

2010-01-01

363

Public Information Programs Are Good Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The example of the Tuloso-Midway Independent School District of Corpus Christi, Texas, points out the community support benefits to be gained from an effective public relations policy. Such policies should be develped before a crisis destroys opportunities for widespread support. The system should assess its current communications needs first,…

Curcio, Joan L.; Manning, Edna M.

1986-01-01

364

Association between seeking oral health information online and knowledge in adults with spinal cord injury: A pilot study  

PubMed Central

Objective To characterize adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) who seek oral health information online, and investigate whether seeking oral health information online is associated with oral health knowledge and behaviors. Methods An online oral health survey was posted on the South Carolina Spinal Cord Injury Association website. Respondents were 192 adult residents of the US ages 19–83 years who identified themselves as having SCI occurring at least 1 year before the survey date. Results About 12% (n = 23) of the respondents searched oral health information online in the past 12 months. Significant associations between the proportion of respondents who searched for oral health information online and socio-demographic and the proportion of respondents who engaged in various oral health behaviors were not detected. However, multivariable logistic regression indicated that respondents who searched oral health information online in the past 12 months have 3.4 times the odds of possessing adequate oral health knowledge compared to respondents who did not search oral health information online (adjusted odds ratio = 3.41, 95% confidence interval = 1.35, 8.62, P = 0.01). Conclusions Given the significant association between seeking oral health information online and adequate oral health knowledge, this study suggests that online oral health information may be a potential avenue for dental health professionals to supplement oral health education in adults with SCI.

Yuen, Hon K.; Azuero, Andres; London, Steven

2011-01-01

365

Considerations for Improving Geographic Information System Research in Public Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many activities to promote better health and to reduce disease are directed at the changing environments in which people live. In response to the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science (UCGIS) 1999 Summer Assembly application challenge, this paper describes the uses of geographic information systems in the field of public health care. With the geographic information system, observations regarding the

Gerard Rushton; Gregory Elmes; Robert McMaster

2000-01-01

366

Informal payments in developing countries' public health sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

In China and some other developing countries' public health sectors, many patients give their doctors a payment outside the official channel before a major treatment. This secret payment has been documented as informal payment in the literature. We argue that the fundamental cause for informal payments is that patients have more information about doctors' skill than the government does. The

Ting Liu; Jiayin Sun

2007-01-01

367

Privacy Protections for Personal Information Online. April 6, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is no comprehensive federal privacy statute that protects personal information. Instead, a patchwork of federal laws and regulations govern the collection and disclosure of personal information and has been addressed by Congress on a sector-by-secto...

G. Stevens

2011-01-01

368

Can public information programs affect risk perceptions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides the first controlled evaluation of how different information materials explaining the risks from radon influenced people's perceptions of these risks. Using a panel study, it was possible to observe how stated risk perceptions responded to information about indoor radon concentrations and brochures explaining the radon readings. The findings indicate that risk communication policies can be effective in

V. Kerry Smith; William H. Desvousges; F. Reed Johnson; Ann Fisher

1990-01-01

369

Information load: its relationship to online exploratory and shopping behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article documents an effort to experimentally examine the effects of information characteristics of Web shopping sites on consumers’ desire to approach the sites. A field experiment was conducted in which respondents visited shopping sites characterized by varying levels of information load. Two dimensions of information load, complexity and novelty were identified and were found to have differential effects on

Ming-Hui Huang

2000-01-01

370

Online catalog access and distribution of remotely sensed information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Remote sensing is providing voluminous data and value added information products. Electronic sensors, communication electronics, computer software, hardware, and network communications technology have matured to the point where a distributed infrastructure for remotely sensed information is a reality. The amount of remotely sensed data and information is making distributed infrastructure almost a necessity. This infrastructure provides data collection, archiving, cataloging,

Stephen M. Lutton

1997-01-01

371

The Next Public Health Revolution: Public Health Information Fusion and Social Networks  

PubMed Central

Social, political, and economic disruptions caused by natural and human-caused public health emergencies have catalyzed public health efforts to expand the scope of biosurveillance and increase the timeliness, quality, and comprehensiveness of disease detection, alerting, response, and prediction. Unfortunately, efforts to acquire, render, and visualize the diversity of health intelligence information are hindered by its wide distribution across disparate fields, multiple levels of government, and the complex interagency environment. Achieving this new level of situation awareness within public health will require a fundamental cultural shift in methods of acquiring, analyzing, and disseminating information. The notion of information “fusion” may provide opportunities to expand data access, analysis, and information exchange to better inform public health action.

Fleischauer, Aaron; Casani, Julie; Groseclose, Samuel L.

2010-01-01

372

Additional Information for Healthcare Providers and Public ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Based on careful evaluation of a variety of scientific information, FDA has determined it is appropriate for clinicians and health care professionals to ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/vaccines/approvedproducts

373

Economic Costs of Informing the Public on Seafood Safety Matters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The memorandum provides managers of seafood safety programs with an understanding of the economic consequences of disseminating information to the public regarding health risks. The paper begins with some definitions and discussion of terms that relate to...

M. Raizin G. M. Meaburn

1989-01-01

374

FDA Issues Public Health Advisory Informing Health Care ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... FDA Issues Public Health Advisory Informing Health Care Providers of Safety Concerns Associated with the Use of Two Eczema Drugs, Elidel and ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders

375

49 CFR 537.11 - Public inspection of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.11 Public inspection of information. Except as provided in § 537.12, any person...

2012-10-01

376

49 CFR 537.11 - Public inspection of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.11 Public inspection of information. Except as provided in § 537.12, any person...

2011-10-01

377

FDA Public Health Advisory: Important Information for the Safe ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... FDA Public Health Advisory: Important Information for the Safe Use of Fentanyl Transdermal System (Patch). 12/21/2007. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders

378

Public libraries: pathways to making Botswana an educated, informed nation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss how implementing a public access to ICT project, Sesigo, at Botswana public libraries can help contribute to the achievement of the national goal of an informed, educated nation by 2016. It further shares ICT training experiences, achievements and challenges as the project evolves. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper combines results from

Tshepo Maswabi; Tiroyamodimo Sethate; Sebusang E. M. Sebusang; Resego Taolo

2011-01-01

379

Public Library Information and Referral Project, Phase II. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is the second of a two-phase survey of public library information and referral (I&R) service. In this phase, seven public libraries offering I&R services were studied in depth to provide descriptions of their operations, organizational factors, and the reactions of their users. Organizational factors and operations were studied through…

Childers, Thomas; Krauser, Cheri

380

MANAGING INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN UK PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: ISSUES AND PROSPECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The record on the development and use of information-b ased technologies in UK public administration is reviewed and distinctive risks identified. Risk levels associated with computerization may be increasing rather than abating as a result of both the content of New Public Management initiatives, and also how they are being introduced and applied. This article considers ways forward from the

LESLIE WILLCOCKS

1994-01-01

381

Public external debt, informality and production efficiency in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes an alternative approach to investigate the non-linear effect of external debt on growth. In the theoretical part, we develop an endogenous growth model with formal and informal sectors to analyse the effect of the public external debt on the production efficiency. We show that an increase of the public external debt share increases the production efficiency through

Imed Drine; M. Sami Nabi

2010-01-01

382

Design Scenarios for Web-Based Management of Online Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The Internet enables access to more information, from a greater variety of perspectives and with greater immediacy, than ever\\u000a before. A person may be interested in information to become more informed or to coordinate his or her local activities and\\u000a place them into a larger, more global context. The challenge, as has been noted by many, is to sift through

Daryl H. Hepting; Timothy Maciag

2010-01-01

383

The Myth of Fragmentation: Assessing Political Information Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Internet technology has provided people with unprecedented abilities to filter the information they encounter, leading many scholars to fear that people will be exposed to less diversity of perspectives and fragment into homogeneous interest groups. Exposure to a wide range of topics and perspectives about political information in particular is…

Wichowski, Alexis M.

2010-01-01

384

Business Specific Online Information Extraction from German Websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a system that uses the domain name of a German business website to locate its information pages (e.g. company profile, contact page, imprint) and then iden- tifies business specific information. We therefore concentrate on the extraction of characteristic vocabulary like company names, addresses, contact details, CEOs, etc. Above all, we interpret the HTML structure of documents and

Yeong Su Lee; Michaela Geierhos

2009-01-01

385

An Online Evaluation Platform for Proactive Information Retrieval Task  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last decade has seen a great progress on the research and applications of information retrieval. The major improvement has been made to combine traditional keyword-based search with implicit inputs such as eye movements or fixations, mouse clicks and voice commands, thus gradually forming a new branch under the name of proactive information retrieval. This paper focuses on the the

Li Yao; Antti Ajanki

386

Retrieving Online Information on Drugs: An Analysis of Four Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the indexing of drugs in the literature and compares actual drug indexing to stated indexing policies in selected databases. The goal is to aid health science information specialists, end-users, and/or non-subject experts to improve recall and comprehensiveness when searching for drug information by identifying the most useful…

Lavengood, Kathryn A.

387

76 FR 54246 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Notice of Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Public Interest for the FY12 Transformation Initiative: Sustainable Communities...information: Title of Proposal: FY12 Transformation Initiative: Sustainable Communities...authority and administered under the Transformation Initiative (TI) account. The...

2011-08-31

388

Design of integrated online information system for e-commerce adoption and efficient records management among malaysian businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

SmartOrder introduces a new method in the ordering and paying processes for small and large scale businesses through consortium concept which employ integrated online information system toward improving business practices and efficient records management. It applies e-commerce as the business solution in processes of selling and buying product, service besides sharing business information via online to meet both company and

Mohd Idzwan Mohd Salleh; Mohd Azizi Zainudin; Mohamad Rahimi Mohamad Rosman; Mohd Zainuri Muhammad; Raja Abdullah Raja Yaacob

2010-01-01

389

22 CFR 707.31 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...construed as a waiver by the Corporation, either in whole or in part, of the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552(b) or 18 U.S.C. 1905. The Corporation, to the maximum extent permitted by law, may delete information from copies of any records furnished to any...

2013-04-01

390

Inform, influence, evaluate: the power of state public opinion polls.  

PubMed

Politicians use public opinion polling data if the data are available to them. Most of these data are from national polls and do not allow for state-level analysis. One promising strategy for informing elected state officials about health issues is to administer public opinion polls at the state level. Combined with health assessment surveys, public opinion data provide a powerful tool for health policy development. This Report reviews one regional foundation's efforts at providing public opinion poll data at the state level and the results of these efforts. PMID:19124879

Turner, Shiloh; O'Connor, Patricia; Rademacher, Eric

391

Information Resources on Online at the Reference Desk. A Selected ERIC Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Seventeen articles and reports published between 1982 and 1984 and cited in "Current Index to Journals in Education" and "Resources in Education" are listed in this bibliography on online services at the reference desk. Topics include interpersonal relations as a necessary part of the information transfer process; role of the searcher versus that…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources, Syracuse, NY.

392

Understanding the Online Informal Learning of English as a Complex Dynamic System: An Emic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research into the online informal learning of English has already shown it to be a widespread phenomenon involving a range of comprehension and production activities such as viewing original version television series, listening to music on demand and social networking with other English users. Dynamic systems theory provides a suitable framework…

Sockett, Geoffrey

2013-01-01

393

Measuring Malaysia School Resource Centers' Standards through iQ-PSS: An Online Management Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ministry of Education has come up with an innovative way to monitor the progress of 9,843 School Resource Centers (SRCs) using an online management information system called iQ-PSS (Quality Index of SRC). This paper aims to describe the data collection method and analyze the current state of SRCs in Malaysia and explain how the results can be…

Zainudin, Fadzliaton; Ismail, Kamarulzaman

2010-01-01

394

English Collocation Learning through Corpus Data: On-Line Concordance and Statistical Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We developed an English Collocations On Demand system offering on-line corpus and concordance information to help Japanese researchers acquire a better command of English collocation patterns. The Life Science Dictionary Corpus consists of approximately 90,000,000 words collected from life science related research papers published in academic…

Ohtake, Hiroshi; Fujita, Nobuyuki; Kawamoto, Takeshi; Morren, Brian; Ugawa, Yoshihiro; Kaneko, Shuji

2012-01-01

395

Information Leakage through Online Social Networking: Opening the Doorway for Advanced Persistence Threats  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosion of online social networking (OSN) in recent years has caused damages to organisations due to leakage of information by their employees. Employees’ social networking behaviour, whether accidental or intentional, provides an opportunity for advanced persistent threats (APT) attackers to realise their social engineering techniques and undetectable zero-day exploits. APT attackers use a spear-phishing method that targeted on key

Nurul Nuha Abdul Molok; Shanton Chang; Atif Ahmad

2010-01-01

396

Understanding the Online Informal Learning of English as a Complex Dynamic System: An Emic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into the online informal learning of English has already shown it to be a widespread phenomenon involving a range of comprehension and production activities such as viewing original version television series, listening to music on demand and social networking with other English users. Dynamic systems theory provides a suitable framework…

Sockett, Geoffrey

2013-01-01

397

Communicating in the Online Industry: How an Information Broker Uses Electronic Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The OnTyme electronic mail service made available to library and information community by CLASS (a cooperative library services agency) is discussed as example of computer-based message system. Use of system by Dynamic Services to support internal and external communications needs and receive orders is highlighted. Examples of online sessions are…

Trudell, Libby

1983-01-01

398

Changes in Propensity to Search for Travel Information Online Over Time: A Cohort Analytical Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the causal relationship between changes in online travel information searching behavior and the effects of biological age, time of travel, and generational cohort over time. Household data of 1997 and 2002 were utilized for this study. Independent samples t-tests and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were carried out to test the relationship

Chang Huh; William Frye

2011-01-01

399

Customer Uncertainty Dimensions and Online Information Search in the Context of Hotel Booking Channel  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines two types of consumer prepurchase uncertainty: knowledge and choice uncertainty, and identifies the relationship between uncertainty dimensions and the degree of consumer external information search in online hotel booking environment. The study employs a 2 (high\\/low knowledge uncertainty) × 2 (high\\/low choice uncertainty) between-subjects factorial experiment (N = 107), and the MANCOVA results partially support hypotheses that

Chung Hun Lee; David A. Cranage

2010-01-01

400

Developing an Online Community for Women in Computer and Information Sciences: A Design Rationale Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the evolutionary development of an online community system designed to support a developmental learning community of women ? wConnect. The goal of this community is to engage, connect and support women at different developmental levels with respect to education and career goals in the computer and information sciences. We chronicle the system’s development through design rationale motivated our

Mary Beth Rosson; Elizabeth Thiry; Dejin Zhao; John M. Carroll

2011-01-01

401

Internet apprehensiveness : An examination of on-line information seeking and purchasing behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – A model of the relationships between individuals' perceptions of internet use and internet usage behaviors is presented and tested. The purpose of this paper is to propose that a lack of perceived responsiveness to on-line communication is positively related to individuals' general resistance to use the internet as a communication information exchange medium, termed general internet apprehensiveness (GIA).

Alex M. Susskind; Michael A. Stefanone

2010-01-01

402

Analyzing online B2B exchange markets: Asymmetric cost and incomplete information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research applies the discriminating auction to analyze the online B2B exchange market in which a single buyer requests multiple items and several suppliers having equal capacity and asymmetric cost submit bids to compete for buyer demand. In the present model, we examine the impact of asymmetric cost and incomplete information on the participants in the market. Given the complete

Yung-Ming Li; Jhih-Hua Jhang-Li

2011-01-01

403

Babbling before banking? Online communities and pre-purchase information seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explain the use of online communities for information seeking in the financial products purchasing process and identify relevant usage antecedents. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A theoretical framework is proposed based on the three dimensions community, environment and user characteristics. Subsequently, a representative survey among German consumers is described, illustrating the value of the

Sven C. Berger; Christian M. Messerschmidt

2009-01-01

404

On-Line System for Input Information Preparation for the BIPR and KR Programs. TANYA Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On-line system for input information preparation for the BIPR and KR programs, which consists of two stages, is described. At the first stage neutron-physical characteristics of homogeneous lattices are recorded on magnetic tape, which is carried out usin...

E. A. Zholkevich

1979-01-01

405

Link intensity prediction of online dating networks based on weighted information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main task of the existing link prediction is to predict link existence. However, this paper proposes a new method aiming at the online dating networks, which using weighted transactional information to predict link intensity. Three different supervised learning methods are used in detail, comparing the importance of attribute features, topological features, transactional features and global features based on users'

Jingfeng Guo; Jie Sun

2010-01-01

406

Search Interview Techniques, Information Gain, and User Satisfaction with Online Bibliographic Retrieval Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research study involved a systematic investigation into the relationships among: (1) the techniques used by search analysts during preliminary interviews with users before engaging in online retrieval of bibliographic citations; (2) the amount of new information gained by the user as a result of the search; and (3) the user's ultimate…

Auster, Ethel; Lawton, Stephen B.

407

Mission-driven priorities: public health in health information exchange.  

PubMed

Developing state- and nationwide health information exchange (HIE) is one of the health priorities defined in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. States are expected to take leadership in statewide planning and implementation. To balance limited resources among mandated responsibilities and emerging HIE accountability, we maintain that state public health practitioners must integrate HIE into our mission-driven practice in five priority areas: 1) connecting real-time disease surveillance and notifiable case reporting through HIE to better protect citizens; 2) sharing public health-managed clinical information through HIE for preventive services, 3) conduct health education for targeted populations via HIE to promote healthy lifestyles; 4) leverage public health informatics with Medicaid information system to provide quality healthcare; and 5) serve as a regulator for standardized HIT to participate in healthcare reform. We summarize public health's broad practice into "Five P's" and link each domain's historical foundation, current and proposed practices to sustain success. PMID:20351901

Nangle, Barry; Xu, Wu; Sundwall, David N

2009-11-14

408

Mission-Driven Priorities: Public Health in Health Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Developing state- and nationwide health information exchange (HIE) is one of the health priorities defined in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. States are expected to take leadership in statewide planning and implementation. To balance limited resources among mandated responsibilities and emerging HIE accountability, we maintain that state public health practitioners must integrate HIE into our mission-driven practice in five priority areas: 1) connecting real-time disease surveillance and notifiable case reporting through HIE to better protect citizens; 2) sharing public health-managed clinical information through HIE for preventive services, 3) conduct health education for targeted populations via HIE to promote healthy lifestyles; 4) leverage public health informatics with Medicaid information system to provide quality healthcare; and 5) serve as a regulator for standardized HIT to participate in healthcare reform. We summarize public health’s broad practice into “Five P’s” and link each domain’s historical foundation, current and proposed practices to sustain success.

Nangle, Barry; Xu, Wu; Sundwall, David N.

2009-01-01

409

32 CFR 705.6 - Releasing public information material to the media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Releasing public information material to the media. 705.6 Section 705.6 National...Releasing public information material to the media. (a) Methods of releasing information...through which information is released to media: (1) Navy oriented information...

2013-07-01

410

Architecture of a passenger information system for public transport services  

Microsoft Academic Search

A passenger information system (PIS) called TUTPIS has been developed for networking passengers with companies that provide public transport services. TUTPIS supports a passenger with personalised, real time information services in all phases of a journey. Services include timetables, travel route searching, route reservations, and electronic payment. TUTPIS is targeted to operate on the developing wireless network infrastructure of mobile,

M. Hannikainen; A. Laitinen; T. Hamalainen; K. Kaisto; K. Leskinen

2001-01-01

411

European Public Administration Information Systems on the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the principal challenges in public administration is adapting to needs derived from the application of new technologies that impact directly on managing as well as transmitting information and in supplying it accurately to the citizens. The Bangemann Report calls attention to the important role played in the development of the information

Ruiz, Maria Jesus Fernandez; Ullate, Jose Maria Angos; Aguaron, Isaac Bolea

412

A Comprehensive Assessment of Public Information Dissemination Final Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. This report (each of the first three volumes is approximately 300 pages), from the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS), takes a broader look at the government's public information dissemination practices. The report urges the government to recognize public information as a "strategic national resource." The Executive Summary, in Volume 1, lists 36 recommendations to improve public access to government information.

2001-01-01

413

Recommendations concerning energy information model documentation, public access, and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review is presented of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) response to Congressional and management concerns, relating specifically to energy information system documentation, public access to EIA systems, and scientific\\/peer evaluation. The relevant organizational and policy responses of EIA are discussed. An analysis of the model development process and approaches to, and organization of, model evaluation is presented. Included is

D. O. Wood; M. J. Mason

1979-01-01

414

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel  

SciTech Connect

This publication contains basically three kinds of information: routes approved by the Commission for the shipment of irradiated reactor fuel, information regarding any safeguards-significant incidents which have been reported to occur during shipments along such routes, and cumulative amounts of material shipped.

Not Available

1983-07-01

415

Reducing Stressful Aspects of Information Technology in Public Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although information technology has made locating and organizing information faster and easier in many ways, it also constitutes a source of stress for both public services librarians and patrons. This study identifies a number of sources of technological stress, which include everything from poor typing skills to poor interface design. It also proposes several ways to reduce technological stress, such

Brian Quinn

1995-01-01

416

West Valley Demonstration Project: Public information plan: Objectives, 1988  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the objectives and proposed activities of the public information program. Included are statements of purpose, goals, approach, and methods of implementation. This office deals with local, state, and federal agencies to inform them on the status of this demonstration project. (TEM)

Hoffman, W. D.

1987-09-30

417

PUBLIC INFORMATION, POWER AND PRICE FORMATION: A MARKET DISTANCE APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research evaluates the impact of endogenously generated public and private information on price formation in a bargaining in markets framework. Bargaining is assumed to be repeated and take place under persistent two sided uncertainty. Three models are developed assuming agents engage in nonstandard forms of information processing by taking into account relative differences between their own outcomes and those

Tucker S. McGrimmon

2008-01-01

418

Design and Assessment of an Online Passenger Information System for Integrated Multimodal Trip Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the design and evaluation of an online passenger information system for delivering personalized multimodal trip planning services through the integration of wireless and Web-based communication technologies. The goal of the system is to provide real-time travel information throughout the entire life cycle of an interurban trip. Before the full-scale deployment of this type of system, it is

Konstantinos G. Zografos; Konstantinos N. Androutsopoulos; Vassilis Spitadakis

2009-01-01

419

The Influences of On-line Fashion Community Network Features on the Acceptance of Fashion Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The purpose of this study is to determine the major influential factors, including network, in the acceptance of fashion information\\u000a in the on-line fashion community. Communities that actively exchange fashion information among their members were selected\\u000a for social network analysis and hypothesis verification. In the results, it was determined that the network features of the\\u000a fashion community were concentrated on

Kieun Song; Sunjin Hwang; Yunsik Kim; Youngsik Kwak

420

Limitations of Online Information on Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

PubMed Central

Background. Patients with AAA face a complex decision, and knowledge of the risks and benefits of each treatment option is essential to informed decision-making. Here we assess the current information on the internet accessible to patients regarding the management of AAA. Study Design. We performed a search on Google using the keywords “abdominal aortic aneurysm” and reviewed the top 50 web sites. We focused on information related to treatment options and alternatives to treatment and the risks of each option. Results. Twenty-seven websites were included in the study. Nearly 30% of websites discussed the risk of mortality and myocardial infarction after open surgery, compared to only 7.4% for both risks after EVAR. Other complications were listed by fewer websites. Fifty-five percent of websites reported that patients had a faster recovery following EVAR, but only 18.5% mentioned the risk of reintervention after EVAR or the need for long-term surveillance with CT scans. Conclusions. While most websites included descriptive information on AAA and mentioned the potential treatment options available to patients, the discussion of the risks of open surgery and EVAR was inadequate. These results suggest that websites frequently accessed by patients lack important information regarding surgical risk.

Goldberg, Carolyn G.; Berman, Loren; Gusberg, Richard J.

2010-01-01

421

40 CFR 246.201-9 - Recommended procedures: Public information and education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...procedures: Public information and education. 246.201-9 Section...Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED...procedures: Public information and education. A well organized and...executed public information and education program explaining...

2013-07-01

422

40 CFR 246.200-10 - Recommended procedures: Public information and education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...procedures: Public information and education. 246.200-10 Section...Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED...procedures: Public information and education. A well-organized and...well-executed public information and education program explaining...

2013-07-01

423

Provision of ubiquitous tourist information in public transport networks.  

PubMed

This paper outlines an information system for tourists using collective public transport based on mobile devices with limited computation and wireless connection capacities. In this system, the mobile device collaborates with the vehicle infrastructure in order to provide the user with multimedia (visual and audio) information about his/her trip. The information delivered, adapted to the user preferences, is synchronized with the passage of vehicles through points of interest along the route, for example: bus stops, tourist sights, public service centres, etc. PMID:23112665

García, Carmelo R; Pérez, Ricardo; Alayón, Francisco; Quesada-Arencibia, Alexis; Padrón, Gabino

2012-08-24

424

Public attitudes to genomic science: an experiment in information provision.  

PubMed

We use an experimental panel study design to investigate the effect of providing "value-neutral" information about genomic science in the form of a short film to a random sample of the British public. We find little evidence of attitude change as a function of information provision. However, our results show that information provision significantly increased dropout from the study amongst less educated respondents. Our findings have implications both for our understanding of the knowledge-attitude relationship in public opinion toward genomic science and for science communication more generally. PMID:20533796

Sturgis, Patrick; Brunton-Smith, Ian; Fife-Schaw, Chris

2010-03-01

425

Newborn Screening Information Supports Public Health More than Informed Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To appraise information resources on newborn blood spot screening currently available for parents and health professionals internationally. Method: Health information on newborn blood spot screening was sourced internationally through the internet and, in the United Kingdom, through health service providers and support organisations.…

Hargreaves, Katrina; Stewart, Ruth; Oliver, Sandy

2005-01-01

426

MatWeb: The Online Materials Information Resource  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

MatWeb, provided by Automation Creations, Inc., provides information on over 2,000 engineering materials, including polymers, aluminum and titanium alloys, steels, ceramics, and other metals. Information can be retrieved via three search mechanisms-property match, category/property match, and property group. Properties used for searches include electrical resistivity and a variety of hardness classifications. Searches can also be limited by specifying one of over 50 material categories. MatWeb also provides links to related sites and a chart for converting between metric and English units.

2007-07-07

427

Kidsource Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Kidsource Online is an extensive collection of information about raising children from newborns to adolescents. A sampling of the publications they've pulled together at the site includes "Children and Bilingualism" from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association; "Testing Your Child's Hearing" by Carol Knightly, Pediatric Audiologist; and the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA) Provides Tips to Help Parents and Kids Cope with Allergy Season. Resources are organized under top-level categories of Newborns, Toddlers, Preschoolers, K-12, Education, Health, Recreation, Forums, Organizations, and Guide to Best Software, among others.

1997-01-01

428

Chainguard - Online: Bicycle Advocacy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chainguard online is a site devoted to bicycle advocacy information. It is dedicated to "increasing bicycle advocacy publicity and locating and uniting cycle advocates." It links to other major bicycle advocacy pages sorted by geographic area, as well as to conferences, an article on the top ten bicycle commuting cities, and Internet Backroads, a list of cycling mailing lists and Usenet news groups.

429

Online Maps and Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the California Geological Survey, the Online Maps and Data site contains information focused on natural hazards. Topics include minerals, earthquakes, and landslide and erosion hazards. The site also includes the General Location Guide for Ultramafic Rocks in California. The site also has links to a publications page and a new interactive mapping program called the Seismic Hazards Mapping Web page.

2000-01-01

430

Information Science and the Martial Arts: Perspectives on Online Searching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relatively new discipline of information science has its origins in the West, while the ancient martial arts have their origins in the East. Despite these differences in age and hemisphere, the two disciplines can be shown to possess many conceptual as well as technical similarities which have evolved quite independently of each other. This…

Raitt, David I.

431

Role of social media in online travel information search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social media are playing an increasingly important role as information sources for travelers. The goal of this study is to investigate the extent to which social media appear in search engine results in the context of travel-related searches. The study employed a research design that simulates a traveler's use of a search engine for travel planning by using a set

Zheng Xiang; Ulrike Gretzel

2010-01-01

432

Challenges Since Wikipedia: The Availability of Rorschach Information Online and Internet Users’ Reactions to Online Media Coverage of the Rorschach–Wikipedia Debate  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted 2 studies to assess the availability of Rorschach information online and Internet users’ attitudes since the inkblots were published on Wikipedia. In the first study, the authors conducted 2 Google searches for Web sites containing Rorschach-related information. The top 88 results were classified by level of threat to test security; 19% posed a direct threat. The authors also

Douglas S. Schultz; James L. Loving

2012-01-01

433

Dynamic Digital Maps: On-line Publication of Representative "Local" Geology in a Plate Tectonic Setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of Dynamic Digital Maps (DDMs) offers the geologic community a combination of attributes which allow the on-line publication of spatially related, highly quantitative data, to be set in a local or regional environment which lets both professional and students make inquiry based observations, and makes these data easily available for analyses. The DDM does this by displaying analytical data, images and movies from links at sample site locations on maps or images in a friendly user interface. Macintosh-only prototypes of two of these DDMs [Springerville Volcanic Field (DDM-SVF) and Tatara-San Pedro volcanic complex (DDM-TSP)] have been used in university petrology classes; the latter program has been converted to a template from which other DDMs can be made. This DDM.Template is presently being ported to a cross-platform web-enabled programming environment (MetaCard - Revolution). An example of a map produced in the process of creating this port, the DDM of New England (DDM-NE) includes six geologic field trips and the State Geologic Map of Massachusetts, and can be obtained from the URL http://ddm.geo.umass.edu. The use of these three maps allows what is essentially access to representative "local" geology in three global plate tectonic settings: a subduction zone (the Andes, DDM-TSP), a continental interior monogenetic volcanic field (DDM-SVF) and a failed rift valley (the Deerfield Basin within the DDM.NE). Because the DDM.Template provides locations for text and captions to be inserted for use at several user levels (e.g. the professional geologist, the beginning geoscientist, and the layman or perhaps middle-school student) the use of DDMs also provides a much needed outreach mechanism for the geosciences.

Condit, C. D.

2002-12-01

434

Strengthening the safety net for online seniors: factors influencing differences in health information seeking among older internet users.  

PubMed

Earlier studies clearly have shown that older adults are going online and accessing health information, but they are not a monolithic group. The goal of this study is to identify different types of older online Americans and to examine their online health information attitudes and behaviors. A total of 424 individuals age 55+ responded to an online survey. Three types of users were found based on demographic and computer-use factors: power users, well-to-do, and older men. Two types were found based on health attitudes and behaviors: health traditionalists and health technologists. The study found interesting relationships among these groups and also explored their use and evaluation of specific types of health-related websites and their motivations for going online. Suggestions are made for extending this research to other populations and further exploring the theoretical model of senior's online health interactions (SOHI) that drives the study. PMID:19051113

McMillan, Sally J; Macias, Wendy

2008-12-01

435

Preschoolers' use of talker information in on-line comprehension.  

PubMed

A crucial part of language development is learning how various social and contextual language-external factors constrain an utterance's meaning. This learning process is poorly understood. Five experiments addressed one hundred thirty-one 3- to 5-year-old children's use of one such socially relevant information source: talker characteristics. Participants learned 2 characters' favorite colors; then, those characters asked participants to select colored shapes, as eye movements were tracked. Results suggest that by preschool, children use voice characteristics predictively to constrain a talker's domain of reference, visually fixating the talker's preferred color shapes. Indicating flexibility, children used talker information when the talker made a request for herself but not when she made a request for the other character. Children's ease at using voice characteristics and possible developmental changes are discussed. PMID:22803622

Creel, Sarah C

2012-07-16

436

An Online Resource of Digital Stories About Cancer Genetics: Qualitative Study of Patient Preferences and Information Needs  

PubMed Central

Background The Cancer Genetics Service for Wales (CGSW) was established in 1998 as an all-Wales service for individuals with concerns about their family history of cancer. CGSW offers a range of services such as risk assessment, genetic counseling, and genetic testing. Individuals referred to cancer genetics services often have unmet information and support needs, and they value access to practical and experiential information from other patients and health professionals. As a result of the lifelong nature of genetic conditions, a fundamental challenge is to meet the ongoing needs of these patients by providing easily accessible and reliable information. Objectives Our aims were to explore how the long-term information and support needs of CGSW patients could be met and to assess whether an online bank of digital stories about cancer genetics would be acceptable to patients. Methods In 2009, CGSW organized patient panels across Wales. During these events, 169 patients were asked for their feedback about a potential online resource of digital stories from CGSW patients and staff. A total of 75 patients registered to take part in the project and 23 people from across Wales agreed to share their story. All participants took part in a follow-up interview. Results Patient preferences for an online collection of cancer genetics stories were collected at the patient panels. Key topics to be covered by the stories were identified, and this feedback informed the development of the website to ensure that patients’ needs would be met. The 23 patient storytellers were aged between 28 and 75 years, and 19 were female. The digital stories reflect patients’ experiences within CGSW and the implications of living with or at risk of cancer. Follow-up interviews with patient storytellers showed that they shared their experiences as a means of helping other patients and to increase understanding of the cancer genetics service. Digital stories were also collected from 12 members of staff working at CGSW. The digital stories provide reliable and easily accessible information about cancer genetics and are hosted on the StoryBank website (www.cancergeneticsstorybank.co.uk). Conclusions The Internet is one mechanism through which the long-term information and support needs of cancer genetics patients can be met. The StoryBank is one of the first places where patient and staff stories have been allied to every aspect of a patient pathway through a service and provides patients with an experiential perspective of the cancer genetics “journey.” The StoryBank was developed in direct response to patient feedback and is an innovative example of patient involvement in service development. The stories are a useful resource for newly referred patients, current patients, the general public, and health care professionals.

Mundy, Lisa; Hilgart, Jennifer

2011-01-01

437

Online Pediatric Information Seeking Among Mothers of Young Children: Results From a Qualitative Study Using Focus Groups  

PubMed Central

Background Pre-natal and post-natal periods are times when many women actively seek health information from multiple sources, including the Internet. However, little is known about how pregnant women and mothers of young children seek and process online pediatric health information. Objective To explore why and where mothers of young children look for online health information and how they determine if the information they receive is trustworthy. Methods Focus groups were conducted in a Southeastern US city to provide an in-depth exploration of web-related behaviors and beliefs among mothers who work inside and outside of the home. Data from the focus groups were coded using deductive and inductive coding schemes and content was analyzed for the existence of themes. Results Twenty mothers of young children participated in four focus groups. Most participants sought information on the Internet during pregnancy and nearly all sought online information after their child was born, primarily to diagnose or treat pediatric conditions and to seek advice on parenting and development. Participants mainly used commercial information websites for health information and many expressed disdain for commercial product websites. Many also expressed concerns about the reliability of health information on the web and described strategies for determining how much they trust each website. Conclusions Women appear to be high information seekers during pregnancy and the first few years following delivery, and this period represents an important window of time for providing online health information. Participants suggested that online information sources and motives for providing online information should be clear in order to increase perceptions of trust. Participants expressed preference for online clinical health information that is presented by clinical professionals, and online parenting advice that is presented from other parents.

Felter, Elizabeth M

2004-01-01

438

Public Participation Geographic Information Systems: A Literature Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Although Public Participation Geographic Information Systems (PPGIS) efforts have grown worldwide, there is a gap in the literature\\u000a on implications of PPGIS for public administration. This chapter aims to narrow this gap through a literature survey of the\\u000a PPGIS implications for government agencies. GIS technology has progressively advanced from traditional desktop-based GIS to\\u000a Web GIS and Geospatial Web 2.0 platforms.

Sukumar Ganapati

439

An online database for genome information of agricultural plants  

PubMed Central

The integration-based genome database provides useful information through a user-friendly web interface that allows analysis of comparative genome for agricultural plants. We have concentrated on the functional bioinformatics of major agricultural resources, such as rice, Chinese cabbage, rice mutant lines, and microorganisms. The major functions are focused on functional genome analysis, including genome projects, gene expression analysis, gene markers with genetic map, analysis tools for comparative genome structure, and genome annotation in agricultural plants. Availability The database is available for free at http://nabic.naas.go.kr/

Kim, ChangKug; Park, DongSuk; Seol, YoungJoo; Yoon, UngHan; Lee, GangSeob; Hahn, JangHo

2012-01-01

440

SkyMouse, a smart on-line astronomical information collector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the progress of network technologies and astronomical observation technologies, as an example of cyber-infrastructure based sciences, Virtual Observatory is initiated and spreading quickly. More and more on-line accessible database systems and all kinds of services are available. Although astronomers have been aware the importance of `interoperability', integrated access to the on-line information is still difficult. SkyMouse is a smart system developed by Chinese Virtual Observatory project to let you access different online resource systems easily then ever. Not like some VO efforts on uniformed access systems, for example, NVO DataScope, SkyMouse tries to show a comprehensive overview for a specific object, but not to snatch as much data as possible. Stimulated by a simple `Mouse Over' on an interested object name, various VO-compliant and traditional databases, i.e., SIMBAD, NED, VizieR, DSS, ADS, are queried by the SkyMouse. An overview for the given object, including basic information, image, observation and references, is displayed in user's default web browser. In the poster, current status and trends of on-line astronomical services are introduced; architecture, topology and key technologies of the SkyMouse system are described; current functions and future plans are listed. The system is accessible at : .

Cui, C.; Sun, H.; Zhao, Y.

2007-08-01

441

Online processing of uncertain information in visuomotor control  

PubMed Central

Our sensory observations represent a delayed, noisy estimate of the environment. Delay causes instability and noise causes uncertainty. To deal with these problems, theory suggests that the brain’s processing of sensory information should be probabilistic: to start a movement or to alter it mid-flight, our brain should make predictions about the near future of sensory states, and then continuously integrate the delayed sensory measures with predictions to form an estimate of the current state. To test the predictions of this theory, we asked participants to reach to the center of a blurry target. With increased uncertainty about the target, reach reaction times increased. Occasionally, we changed the position of the target or its blurriness during the reach. We found that the motor response to a given 2nd target was influenced by the uncertainty about the 1st target. The specific trajectories of motor responses were consistent with predictions of a “minimum variance” state estimator. That is, the motor output that the brain programmed to start a reaching movement or correct it mid-flight was a continuous combination of two streams of information: a stream that predicted the near future of the state of the environment, and a stream that provided a delayed measurement of that state.

Izawa, Jun; Shadmehr, Reza

2008-01-01

442

Criminal Prohibitions on the Publication of Classified Defense Information, September 8, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The online publication of classified defense documents and diplomatic cables by the organization WikiLeaks and subsequent reporting by The New York Times, The Guardian (UK), and Der Spiegel (Germany), among others, have focused attention on whether such p...

J. K. Elsea

2011-01-01

443

Combining approaches to on-line handwriting information retrieval  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, we propose to combine two quite different approaches for retrieving handwritten documents. Our hypothesis is that different retrieval algorithms should retrieve different sets of documents for the same query. Therefore, significant improvements in retrieval performances can be expected. The first approach is based on information retrieval techniques carried out on the noisy texts obtained through handwriting recognition, while the second approach is recognition-free using a word spotting algorithm. Results shows that for texts having a word error rate (WER) lower than 23%, the performances obtained with the combined system are close to the performances obtained on clean digital texts. In addition, for poorly recognized texts (WER > 52%), an improvement of nearly 17% can be observed with respect to the best available baseline method.

Peña Saldarriaga, Sebastián; Viard-Gaudin, Christian; Morin, Emmanuel

2010-01-01

444

Field Validation of Food Service Listings: A Comparison of Commercial and Online Geographic Information System Databases  

PubMed Central

Many studies examining the food retail environment rely on geographic information system (GIS) databases for location information. The purpose of this study was to validate information provided by two GIS databases, comparing the positional accuracy of food service places within a 1 km circular buffer surrounding 34 schools in Ontario, Canada. A commercial database (InfoCanada) and an online database (Yellow Pages) provided the addresses of food service places. Actual locations were measured using a global positioning system (GPS) device. The InfoCanada and Yellow Pages GIS databases provided the locations for 973 and 675 food service places, respectively. Overall, 749 (77.1%) and 595 (88.2%) of these were located in the field. The online database had a higher proportion of food service places found in the field. The GIS locations of 25% of the food service places were located within approximately 15 m of their actual location, 50% were within 25 m, and 75% were within 50 m. This validation study provided a detailed assessment of errors in the measurement of the location of food service places in the two databases. The location information was more accurate for the online database, however, when matching criteria were more conservative, there were no observed differences in error between the databases.

Seliske, Laura; Pickett, William; Bates, Rebecca; Janssen, Ian

2012-01-01

445

Pedagogical Design for an Online Information Literacy Course: College Students' Learning Experience with Multi-modal Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project is an exploratory study on the use of multi-modal objects in an online information literacy course. This paper reports on the second phase of the project, which focused on students’ learning experience within five course modules employing different multi-modal media objects for instruction. Seven online surveys were conducted at the beginning of the course, immediately after each of

Hsin-Liang Chen; J. Patrick Williams

2009-01-01

446

Public attitudes and information on the nuclear option  

SciTech Connect

The principal findings of public-opinion surveys on nuclear energy are summaried in this article. Attitudes polled include those on building more nuclear power plants, a nuclear moratorium, options for reducing risks, questions of safety and cost advantage, and the most trusted sources of information about nuclear energy. Next, some less empirical observations for interpreting these results are presented. These address the inertia of beliefs, the nature of risk perception, symbolic aspects of nuclear energy, and the feasibility of nuclear education programs. Finally, several suggestions for public information programs based on the previously noted findings and observations are made. These include a safety program analogous to fire drills, itemized electric bills, nuclear information workshops for news media personnel, and suggestions for improved communication on nuclear issues. These relatively low cost, focused efforts may be more effective than mass media information programs.

Firebaugh, M.W.

1981-03-01

447

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center Print Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Center provides a list of print publications from the ICT Center Delmar Learning Series, created by Delmar Learning and the ICT Center. Titles include Introduction to Telecommunications Networks, Basic Telecommunications: The Physical Layer, Fiber Optic Communications and Network Security. The listings for each book include links to information and sample chapters on Delmar Learning's website, as well as links to order the titles on Amazon.com.

2012-10-29

448

An Online Collaborative Learning Mode in Management Information System Experimental Teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Nowadays, the teaching reformation based on network is one of the new trends of higher educational research. Taking the experimental\\u000a teaching reformation practice of Management Information System, which is the common fundamental subject of managerial specialties,\\u000a as an example, this paper reviews the constructivism learning theory, which is the theoretical basis of online collaborative\\u000a learning, and then expound the implementation

Hanyang Luo

449

Virtual Communities of Practice for Regional Small Businesses: Bringing Informal Networks Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual communities of practice (VCoPs) are online business networks which are increasingly used by large organisations as a key strategy for creating value in the knowledge-based economy of the 21 st Century. This paper examines the applicability of VCoPs to cross-industry regionally clustered small business networks. Interviews conducted with government and industry informants in two regional areas of Australia indicate

Cecily Mason; Tanya Castleman; Craig Parker

450

Are On-Line Data Bases in Your Library's Future?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE FOLLOWING IS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT: Today there are over 900 on-line data banks available for public access. Most microcomputers can use them through the aid of a modem and communication program. Major public information utilities that offer access to these on-line data bases are growing and expanding. The Source, a data base utility…

Deacon, Jim

1983-01-01

451

Senate Inquiry into the Role of Libraries in the Online Environment: Submission from Public Libraries Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This submission represents the views of a newly formed organisation known as Public Libraries Australia. Formed to aggregate the political, service and infrastructure capacity of Australia's 1510 (ABS June 2000) public libraries, Public Libraries Australia will support and represent public libraries on a national basis. Networked across Australia…

Australian Library Journal, 2006

2006-01-01

452

5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...information for the public. 2604.202 Section...Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS ORGANIZATION...information for the public. (a) The Office of Government Ethics will maintain and make available for public inspection and...

2013-01-01

453

42 CFR 401.135 - Release of Medicare information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Release of Medicare information to the public. 401.135...401.135 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF...Disclosure § 401.135 Release of Medicare information to the public. The...

2012-10-01

454

32 CFR 700.1121 - Disclosure, publication and security of official information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Disclosure, publication and security of official information...Records § 700.1121 Disclosure, publication and security of official information...disclose by oral or written communications, publication, graphic (including...

2013-07-01

455

10 CFR 903.17 - Informal public meetings for minor rate adjustments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Informal public meetings for minor rate adjustments...TRANSMISSION RATES Procedures for Public Participation in Power...Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.17 Informal public meetings for minor rate...

2013-01-01

456

An Information System to Access Status Information of the LHCb Online  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The LHCb collaboration consists of roughly 700 physicists from 52 institutes and universities. Most of the collaborating physicists - including subdetector experts - are not permanently based at CERN. This paper describes the architecture used to publish data internal to the LHCb experiment control- and data acquisition system to the World Wide Web. Collaborators can access the online (sub-) system status and the system performance directly from the institute abroad, from home or from a smart phone without the need of direct access to the online computing infrastructure.

Frank, M.; Gaspar, C.

2012-12-01

457

Information Literacy Training in Public Libraries: A Case from Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to explore the current state of information literacy (IL) training and to identify the strategies and methods used by Canadian public libraries in improving IL skills for their staff and patrons. Also, the study sought to identify problems associated with the development of IL training. This study employed document…

Lai, Horng-Ji

2011-01-01

458

Drunk Driving Public Information Program Strategies and Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, designed to accompany a videocassette of selected television spots is a compendium of specific drunk driving topics and issues for each of the major planning steps of a public information program. The guide is organized around these steps, which are (1) select program strategies, (2) select target audiences, (3) select media channels,…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

459

Drunk Driving Public Information Program Strategies and Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide, designed to accompany a videocassette of selected television spots is a compendium of specific drunk driving topics and issues for each of the major planning steps of a public information program. The guide is organized around these steps, which are (1) select program strategies, (2) select target audiences, (3) select media channels,…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

460

77 FR 7124 - Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders; Public Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...APHIS-2012-0010] Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders; Public Meeting AGENCY: Animal and...APHIS) is soliciting feedback from our stakeholders in several areas having to do with...initiatives and to provide an opportunity for stakeholders to share their thoughts on...

2012-02-10

461

78 FR 15680 - Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders: Public Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...APHIS-2013-0014] Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders: Public Meeting AGENCY: Animal and...APHIS) is soliciting feedback from our stakeholders regarding cross-Agency strategic...well as to provide an opportunity for stakeholders to ask questions and share their...

2013-03-12

462

Using Lessons From Public Affairs to Inform Strategic Philanthropy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although private, institutional philanthropy can be an engine of significant social change, often this possibility is not realized. This article creates a new framework to inform phil- anthropic strategy built from lessons gleaned from decades of public affairs research. Drawing on what is known about social change movements, government relationships with nonprofits, and nonprofit management, key questions help foundation staff

Jodi Sandfort

2007-01-01

463

Utilizing Information Technology in Innovative Marketing Approaches for Public Transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The original objective of this study was to scan the internet and other information technology sources to identify innovative marketing techniques that have been attempted to date by, in and surrounding the public transportation industry, and to solicit ideas for more unconventional applications that transit agencies and TDM professionals can consider. The investigation led to the uses, applications, marketing and

William P Morris; Kelly Robertson; Jeremy Spinks

2009-01-01

464

Critical Engagement: The Merging of Public Health Information Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

As academic libraries and computer centers move toward convergence, multiple issues must be addressed before successful models of merged operations can develop. The organizational model of merged public health information resources at the University of Michigan stands as a viable example of collaborative operations under a unified management stucture. The undertaking represents more than administrative shuffling to consolidate staff and

Nancy Allee; Darin C. Savage

1998-01-01

465

Information for rural development: challenge for Nigerian rural public libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nigeria is a developing country where the majority of the population live in rural areas. The majority of these rural dwellers are either non-literate or semi-literate. The need to involve them in the national development process cannot be overemphasized. This can be achieved through the identification of the information needs of rural dwellers and the provision of innovative rural public

Rose Bini Okiy

2003-01-01

466

Research and Publication Patterns in Library and Information Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research and publication patterns of thirty-four topranking researchers in library and information science (LIS) in Africa were surveyed. The researchers produced 294 papers during the 1990–1995 period which were considered for this study. The findings reveal that majority of the researchers were from universities and were based mainly in Nigeria and South Africa. The principal research centres, however, were

L. O. Aina; N. P. Mooko

1999-01-01

467

Mission-Driven Priorities: Public Health in Health Information Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing state- and nationwide health information exchange (HIE) is one of the health priorities defined in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. States are expected to take leadership in statewide planning and implementation. To balance limited resources among mandated responsibilities and emerging HIE accountability, we maintain that state public health practitioners must integrate HIE into our mission- driven practice in

Barry Nangle; Wu Xu; David N. Sundwall

468

The notification collage: posting information to public and personal displays  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Notification Collage (NC) is a groupware system where distributed and co-located colleagues comprising a small community post media elements onto a real-time collaborative surface that all members can see. Akin to collages of information found on public bulletin boards, NC randomly places incoming elements onto this surface. People can post assorted media: live video from desktop cameras; editable sticky

Saul Greenberg; Michael Rounding

2001-01-01

469

Antecedent Characteristics of Online Cancer Information Seeking Among Rural Breast Cancer Patients: An Application of the Cognitive-Social Health Information Processing (C-SHIP) Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little research has examined the antecedent characteristics of patients most likely to seek online cancer information. This study employs the Cognitive-Social Health Information Processing (C-SHIP) model as a framework to understand what psychosocial characteristics precede online cancer-related information seeking among rural breast cancer patients who often have fewer health care providers and limited local support services. Examining 144 patients who

Bret R. Shaw; Lori L. DuBenske; Jeong Yeob Han; Ludmila Cofta-Woerpel; Nigel Bush; David H. Gustafson; Fiona McTavish

2008-01-01

470

[The role of information in public health decision-making].  

PubMed

Public health, prevention, health education and health promotion are inseparable from the concepts of information and communication. Information should respond as much as possible to the needs of professionals, decision-makers, and consumers who are more and more concerned and conscious of its importance in light of "information overload", various dissemination channels and the multiplicity of its sources. There are numerous issues at stake ranging from comprehension, to the validation of health information, health education, health promotion, prevention, decision-making, as well as issues related to knowledge and power. Irrespective of the type of choice to be made, the need for information, knowledge, and know-how is inseparable from that of other tools or regulatory measures required for decision-making. Information is the same as competence, epidemiological and population data, health data, scientific opinion, and expert conferences--all are needed to assist in decision-making. Based on the principle of precaution, information must increasingly take into account the rejection of a society which often reasons on the basis of a presumption of zero-risk, in an idealistic manner, and which also excludes the possibility of new risks. The consumer positions himself as the regulator of decisions, specifically those with regard to the notion of acceptable level of risk. All of the actors involved in the health system are or become at one moment or another public health decision-makers. Their decision might be based either on an analytical approach, or on an intuitive approach. Although the act of decision-making is the least visible part of public health policy, it is certainly the driving force. This process should integrate the perspective of all of the relevant players, including consumers, who are currently situated more and more frequently at the heart of the health system. Public health decision-making is conducted as a function of political, strategic and environmental issues; of lobbies and their power; and of social maturation. Decision-making is a necessity. Making the right choice at the right time requires high quality information, and it is often necessary to respect a certain amount of time for reflection and ripening of an issue in order to make the best possible decision. The media and consumers play an increasingly significant role in public health decision-making and in the ensuing legislative consequences and debates which come as a result. Access to information is changing, especially thanks to the Internet which is completely modifying the global scenery of knowledge and know-how. Information supports decision-making with calculated risk, and it offers the opportunity to make choices and decisions, recognising that "to choose, is sometimes to relinquish". PMID:19014090

Cecchi, Catherine

471

Astronomy and the Mass Media: Public Information and Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a continuing demand for astronomical news, basic information, and imagery on the part of the entertainment and news media. The mass media thus represent a major channel by which students, colleagues, teachers, policy makers, and others are informally educated about space science and astronomy. We summarize the ways in which the AAS and other professional societies, as well as U.S. government agencies, transmit the results of astronomical research to the media, the criteria that media "gatekeepers" use to select what information actually reaches the public, and the considerations that astronomers should keep in mind when dealing with the press.

Maran, S. P.

1996-12-01

472

Public preferences about secondary uses of electronic health information.  

PubMed

IMPORTANCE As health information technology grows, secondary uses of personal health information offer promise in advancing research, public health, and health care. Public perceptions about sharing personal health data are important for establishing and evaluating ethical and regulatory structures to oversee the use of these data. OBJECTIVE To measure patient preferences about sharing their electronic health information for secondary purposes (other than their own health care). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In this conjoint analysis study, we surveyed 3336 adults (568 Hispanic, 500 non-Hispanic African American, and 2268 non-Hispanic white); participants were randomized to 6 of 18 scenarios describing secondary uses of electronic health information, constructed with 3 attributes: uses (research, quality improvement, or commercial marketing), users (university hospitals, commercial enterprises, or public health departments), and data sensitivity (whether it included genetic information about their own cancer risk). This design enabled participants to reveal their preferences for secondary uses of their personal health information. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Participants responded to each conjoint scenario by rating their willingness to share their electronic personal health information on a 1 to 10 scale (1?represents?low willingness; 10,?high willingness). Conjoint analysis yields importance weights reflecting the contribution of a dimension (use, user, or sensitivity) to willingness to share personal health information. RESULTS The use of data was a more important factor in the conjoint analysis (importance weight, 64.3%) than the user (importance weight, 32.6%) and data sensitivity (importance weight, 3.1%). In unadjusted linear regression models, marketing uses (? = -1.55), quality improvement uses (? = -0.51), drug company users (? = -0.80), and public health department users (? = -0.52) were associated with less willingness to share health information than research uses and university hospital users (all P?information, although differences were smaller among racial and ethnic minorities. The user of the information was of secondary importance, and the sensitivity was not a significant factor. These preferences should be considered in policies governing secondary uses of health information. PMID:23958803

Grande, David; Mitra, Nandita; Shah, Anand; Wan, Fei; Asch, David A

2013-10-28

473

An evaluation of the NHS Direct online health information e-mail enquiry service : Quality of health information on the internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To judge the quality of health information provided to the users of the NHS Direct online enquiry service. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An examination of available online tools was necessary to enable the development of a quality framework appropriate for the study. The checklist developed from this process provided a method of judging a specific web site's quality level. Readability

Ruiha Webster; Peter Williams

2005-01-01

474

An information diffusion model based on retweeting mechanism for online social media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To characterize information propagation on online microblogs, we propose a diffusion model (SCIR) which contains four possible states: Susceptible, contacted, infected and refractory. Agents that read the information but have not decided to spread it, stay in the contacted state. They may become infected or refractory, and both the infected and refractory state are stable. Results show during the evolution process, more contacted agents appear in scale-free networks than in regular lattices. The degree based density of infected agents increases with the degree monotonously, but larger average network degree doesn't always mean less relaxation time.

Xiong, Fei; Liu, Yun; Zhang, Zhen-jiang; Zhu, Jiang; Zhang, Ying

2012-06-01

475

On-line economic optimization of energy systems using weather forecast information.  

SciTech Connect

We establish an on-line optimization framework to exploit weather forecast information in the operation of energy systems. We argue that anticipating the weather conditions can lead to more proactive and cost-effective operations. The framework is based on the solution of a stochastic dynamic real-time optimization (D-RTO) problem incorporating forecasts generated from a state-of-the-art weather prediction model. The necessary uncertainty information is extracted from the weather model using an ensemble approach. The accuracy of the forecast trends and uncertainty bounds are validated using real meteorological data. We present a numerical simulation study in a building system to demonstrate the developments.

Zavala, V. M.; Constantinescu, E. M.; Krause, T.; Anitescu, M.

2009-01-01

476

Scientific Coolections: Informational - Navigational Portal for Scientific Publications Access.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At present there is the tendency of uniting efforts of scientific establishments and libraries for using information - communication medium with the purpose of information support of research and pedagogical activity in Moldova. The efficient access to the scientific and technical literature and, first of all, to the new publications, is necessary practically for all scientists and experts irrespective of a field of knowledge, in which they work. Research institutions, knowing how to receive access to the electron information and to use it intellectually, realize that it effects positively the quality and outcomes of the research process. It is obvious, that to ensure maximum utilization of the new information stream by habitual methods is impossible. New non-traditional approaches are necessary for the increase of the level of information provision of scientists and experts. Creation of electron libraries, realizing qualitatively other level of production, storage, organization and distribution of various information is the most effective way to gin this object. The access to the electron versions of scientific journals allows to reduce the acuteness of shortage of scientific literature, the electron information becomes accessible before the publication of paper version of a journal, and taking into account the delivery time of foreign issues into Moldova, this outstripping can reach several months.

Bogatencov, Petru; Kozlenco, Ludmila; Ginculova, Silvia; Keradi, Natalia

477

A quantitative analysis of the content and structure of public requests for private interaction posted in online public chatrooms.  

PubMed

Evidence is presented suggesting that the majority (88%) of online requests for private computer-mediated communication posted in Internet Relay Chat (IRC) chatrooms are derivations of the following prototypical structure: (a) a target specifier, e.g., "any girls"; (b) the communication request itself, e.g., "wanna chat"; (c) a self-identifier, e.g., "to a guy"; and (d) a communication directive, e.g., "msg me!" A methodology capable of identifying individual differences in the frequency of language usage on IRC was developed and used to generate a taxonomy of the phrases commonly used in each of these four components. This taxonomy of 82 phrases accounted for 14.5% of the total language used across a variety of IRC chatrooms and 77% of the words used in requests for private interaction. It also identified at least one component in 83% of all requests for private interaction posted on IRC, while having only a 10% rate of false (non-request) identification. The reduced complexity and increased explicitness of requests for private interaction on IRC is interpreted using politeness theory. The application of the current methodology for research assessing the formation of online romantic and interpersonal relationships is considered, as are the utility of quantitative analyses of discourse structures in computer-mediated communication for profiling people who use IRC for various purposes. PMID:15140365

Sibley, Chris G; Heath, Simon O

2004-04-01

478

International Information: Documents, Publications, and Electronic Information of International Governmental Organizations. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|International governmental organizations (IGOs) are constantly expanding their work and influence, yet their publications are among the most difficult documents for libraries to acquire, organize, and use. This authoritative reference work examines the documentation, publications, and computerized information services of such major IGOs as the…

Hajnal, Peter I., Ed.

479

Public Information, Private Information, and the Multiplicity of Equilibria in Coordination Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

I study coordination games with incomplete public and private information and relate equilibrium convergence to convergence of higher-order beliefs. As the players' signals become more and more precise, the equilibrium manifold converges to the correspondence of common knowledge equilibria, whenever the variance of the public signal converges to 0 at a rate faster than one half the rate of convergence

Christian Hellwig

2002-01-01

480

Public Transport Information System for Visually Impaired and Blind People  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an assistive system for the visually impaired and blind people which helps them using public transport means. The proposed system uses mobile phones as a medium for passenger information system and GPS (Global Positioning System), GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) and Bluetooth technologies for location and communication purposes. In the proposed system sound messages are given to the blind people via mobile phones which have dedicated software installed. This system has been implemented and tested in public transport in two pilot cities.

Markiewicz, Micha?; Skomorowski, Marek

481

Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS) Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

California Department of Health Services, Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS) Publications, Occupational Health Branch (OHB). HESIS offers California workers, employers, and health professionals up-to-date practical answers to questions about the health effects of workplace hazards. HESIS publications are available free of charge in limited quantities and may be reproduced for free distribution. You can read or download most of them here, You can read or download most of them here, or order printed copies by calling (866) 627-1586 or using the form on the webpage.

2008-01-30

482

Virtual spaces: Delineating the private and public spaces in online discussions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines an effective and pedagogically sound approach to designing the virtual space of an assessable online discussion forum. Through an innovative use of Blackboard's 'Journal' tool I outline how to design a two-phased time-driven virtual forum to scaffold students' learning and to enhance their learning experience. There are pedagogically sound reasons for such an instructional design. In the

Santha Fernandez

2009-01-01

483

Fees for Online Bibliographic Search Services in Publicly-Supported Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the findings and implications of a California Library Association survey in 1977 which investigated the availability of online search services, factors affecting the decision to charge, and the bases of fee schedules at 28 California libraries. Previous research is mentioned. Eight tables and 14 references are included. (RBF)|

Van House DeWath, Nancy

1981-01-01

484

What does the marriage of Open Access with online publication bring?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Open Access online publishing is the trend of the future for unrestricted rapid and international dissemination of knowledge. Several journals are published on acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) research, but none of them appear to be Open Access. To eliminate or to abate the scourge of AIDS, it is important that the knowledge acquired through research be disseminated as soon

Kailash C Gupta

2004-01-01

485

Public Expressions of Private Sentiments: Unveiling the Pulse of Racial Tolerance through Online News Readers' Comments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ever since the election of the nation's first Black president, there have been strong persistent claims that racism is no longer a problem in the United States. However, there are indicators in society that reveal that the death of racism is just a myth. The emergence of online news readers' comments have allowed the amplification of private sentiments on a

Jaime Loke

2012-01-01

486

A User Survey of the Online Public Access Catalog at California State University, Fresno.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses a survey undertaken in 1992 to gauge general user response to the online catalog used at a large state university library. A description of the library and its automated system (based on Geac/ADVANCE integrated software), the study methodology, and results are covered. A copy of the two-page survey is appended. (Contains five…

Carter, Trina; Park, Hye Ok

1993-01-01

487

Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Distance education, which began as correspondence courses in the nineteenth century and grew into educational television during the twentieth century, evolved into learning on the Web by the mid-1990s. Accompanying the rise in online learning has been a similar rise in organizations and publications dedicated to serving the needs of online

Perry, Edward H.; Pilati, Michelle L.

2011-01-01

488

46 CFR 503.34 - Annual report of public information request activity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Annual report of public information request activity. 503.34 Section...AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS PUBLIC INFORMATION Requests for Records Under the Freedom of Information § 503.34 Annual report of...

2011-10-01

489

76 FR 36565 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial Management Template AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer, HUD. ACTION...information: Title of Proposal: Public Housing Financial Management Template. OMB Approval Number: 2535-0107. Form Numbers:...

2011-06-22

490

76 FR 39418 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial Management Template AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer, HUD. ACTION...Information Title of Proposal: Public Housing Financial Management Template. OMB Approval Number: 2535-0107. Form Numbers:...

2011-07-06

491

Lay information mediary behavior uncovered: exploring how nonprofessionals seek health information for themselves and others online*EC  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This research studied motivations for, barriers to, and effects of online health information seeking and explored lay information mediary behavior (LIMB) characteristics in the consumer health information domain. Lay information mediaries (LIMs) seek information on behalf or because of others, without necessarily being asked to do so or engaging in follow up, and have represented more than 50% of health information seekers in prior studies. Methods: A web-based survey was posted on NC Health Info (NCHI) with 211 respondents, self-identified per the information need that brought them to NCHI as 20% LIMs (n?=?43), 58% direct users (n?=?122), and 22% health or information providers (n?=?46). Follow-up telephone interviews were performed with 10% (n?=?21). Interview analysis focused on lay participants (n?=?15 LIMs and direct users combined). Interviewees were reclassified post-survey as 12 LIMs and 3 direct users when studied information behavior extended beyond NCHI search. Interview data were analyzed using grounded theory approach. Results: Surveyed LIMs were 77% female (n?=?33) and searched on behalf or because of family members (81%, n?=?35) and people they felt “extremely close” to (77%, n?=?33). LIMs reported various information seeking barriers “sometimes” to “often.” LIMs searched mostly without prompting (51%, n?=?22). Interview results triangulated survey findings regarding gender, tie strength, and prompting. Conclusions: LIMB may be related to gender and relationship tie strength and appears more internally than externally motivated. Further LIMB research is warranted.

Fisher, Karen E.; Turner, Anne G.; Durrance, Joan C.; Turner, Tammara Combs

2008-01-01

492

Finding online health-related information: usability issues of health portals.  

PubMed

As Internet and computers become widespread, health portals offering online health-related information become more popular. The most important point for health portals is presenting reliable and valid information. Besides, portal needs to be usable to be able to serve information to users effectively. This study aims to determine usability issues emerging when health-related information is searched on a health portal. User-based usability tests are conducted and eye movement analyses are used in addition to traditional performance measures. Results revealed that users prefer systematic, simple and consistent designs offering interactive tools. Moreover, content and partitions needs to be shaped according to the medical knowledge of target users. PMID:22874312

Gurel Koybasi, Nergis A; Cagiltay, Kursat

2012-01-01

493

Criminal Prohibitions on the Publication of Classified Defense Information. Updated December 6, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The recent online publication of classified defense documents and diplomatic cables by the organization WikiLeaks and subsequent reporting by the New York Times and other news media have focused attention on whether such publication violates U.S. criminal...

J. K. Elsea

2010-01-01

494

Criminal Prohibitions on the Publication of Classified Defense Information. Updated October 18, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The recent online publication of classified defense documents by the organization WikiLeaks and subsequent reporting by the New York Times and other news media have focused attention on whether such publication violates U.S. criminal law. The Attorney Gen...

J. K. Elsea

2010-01-01

495

Criminial Prohibitions on the Publication of Classified Defense Information, January 10, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The recent online publication of classified defense documents and diplomatic cables by the organization WikiLeaks and subsequent reporting by the New York Times and other news media have focused attention on whether such publication violates U.S. criminal...

J. K. Elsea

2011-01-01

496

The Effects of Information Format and Shopping Task on Consumers? Online Shopping Behavior: A Cognitive Fit Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

A feature central to the success of e-commerce Web sites is the design of an effective interface to present product information. However, the suitability of the prevalent information formats in supporting various online shopping tasks is not known. Using the cognitive fit theory as the theoretical framework, we developed a research model to investigate the fit between information format and

Weiyin Hong; James Y. L. Thong; Kar Yan Tam

2005-01-01

497

State of the Art and Future of Online Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Use of online information services is currently widespread in public, academic, government, and corporate libraries and information centers. The trend is for smaller libraries of all varieties to install terminals and obtain passwords, while larger libraries add systems of all types. Even in the face of a severe recession, online growth rates…

Trubkin, Loene

498

State of the Art and Future of Online Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of online information services is currently widespread in public, academic, government, and corporate libraries and information centers. The trend is for smaller libraries of all varieties to install terminals and obtain passwords, while larger libraries add systems of all types. Even in the face of a severe recession, online growth rates have…

Trubkin, Loene

499

Printed information for the lay public on cardiovascular disease.  

PubMed Central

Booklets from several countries on various aspects of cardiovascular disease, intended for distribution to the public and to patients, could be classified into three categories dealing with primary prevention, secondary prevention, and management. Much material was duplicated, whereas some diseases were completely ignored. Only two types of booklets should be available. One would deal with preventive measures for all cardiovascular diseases, while the other would be a series of booklets on individual conditions, combining information on secondary prevention and on management.

O'Hanrahan, M; O'Malley, K; O'Brien, E T

1980-01-01

500

MEDWISE: An Innovative Public Health Information System Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present MedWise, a high level design of a medical information infrastructure, and its architecture. The\\u000a proposed system offers a comprehensive, modular, robust and extensible infrastructure to be used in public health care systems.\\u000a The system gathers reliable and evidence based health data, which it then classifies, interprets and stores into a particular\\u000a database. It creates a

Yasar Guneri Sahin; Ufuk Celikkan