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1

Sailor: Maryland's Online Public Information Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sailor - Maryland's Information Network - provides general Maryland government information and a wide variety of Internet jump-points. The gopher is run by the Pratt Free Library and also has local dialup numbers in Maryland.

1999-01-01

2

Incidence of Online Health Information Search: A Useful Proxy for Public Health Risk Perception  

PubMed Central

Background Internet users use search engines to look for information online, including health information. Researchers in medical informatics have found a high correlation of the occurrence of certain search queries and the incidence of certain diseases. Consumers’ search for information about diseases is related to current health status with regard to a disease and to the social environments that shape the public’s attitudes and behaviors. Objective This study aimed to investigate the extent to which public health risk perception as demonstrated by online information searches related to a health risk can be explained by the incidence of the health risk and social components of a specific population’s environment. Using an ecological perspective, we suggest that a population’s general concern for a health risk is formed by the incidence of the risk and social (eg, media attention) factors related with the risk. Methods We constructed a dataset that included state-level data from 32 states on the incidence of the flu; a number of social factors, such as media attention to the flu; private resources, such as education and health insurance coverage; public resources, such as hospital beds and primary physicians; and utilization of these resources, including inpatient days and outpatient visits. We then explored whether online information searches about the flu (seasonal and pandemic flu) can be predicted using these variables. We used factor analysis to construct indexes for sets of social factors (private resources, public resources). We then applied panel data multiple regression analysis to exploit both time-series and cross-sectional variation in the data over a 7-year period. Results Overall, the results provide evidence that the main effects of independent variables—the incidence of the flu (P<.001); social factors, including media attention (P<.001); private resources, including life quality (P<.001) and health lifestyles (P=.009); and public resources, such as hospital care utilization (P=.008) and public health funds (P=.02)—have significant effects on Web searches for queries related to the flu. After controlling for the number of reported disease cases and Internet access rate by state, we estimate the contribution of social factors to the public health risk perception levels by state (R2=23.37%). The interaction effects between flu incidence and social factors for our search terms did not add to the explanatory power of our regression models (R2<1%). Conclusions Our study suggests a practical way to measure the public’s health risk perception for certain diseases using online information search volume by state. The social environment influences public risk perception regardless of disease incidence. Thus, monitoring the social variables can be very helpful in being ready to respond to the public’s behavior in dealing with public health threats. PMID:23773974

Scammon, Debra L

2013-01-01

3

The Difference in the Online Medical Information Searching Behaviors of Hospital Patients and Their Relatives versus the General Public  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is two-fold: to explore the differences in online medical information searching behaviors, including evaluative standards and search strategies, of the general public (general group) and those of hospital patients and their relatives (hospital group); and to compare the predictive relationship between the evaluative…

Wang, Hung-Yuan; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-01-01

4

User-Based Information Retrieval System Interface Evaluation: An Examination of an On-Line Public Access Catalog.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents preliminary data that characterizes the relationship between what users say they are trying to accomplish when using an online public access catalog (OPAC) and their perceptions of what input to give the system. Human-machine interaction is discussed, and appropriate methods for evaluating information retrieval systems are considered. (18…

Hert, Carol A.; Nilan, Michael S.

1991-01-01

5

TOXLINE (TOXICOLOGY INFORMATION ONLINE)  

EPA Science Inventory

TOXLINE? (TOXicology information onLINE) are the National Library of Medicines extensive collection of online bibliographic information covering the pharmacological, biochemical, physiological, and toxicological effects of drugs and other chemicals. TOXLINE and TOXLINE65 together...

6

Online Education in Public Affairs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study provides an overview of the current landscape of online education in the fields of Master of Public Administration and Master of Public Policy (MPA/MPP) utilizing a dataset compiled from content analysis of MPA/MPP programs' websites and survey of 96 National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration…

Ginn, Martha H.; Hammond, Augustine

2012-01-01

7

PUBLIC INFORMATION ANNEX I -PUBLIC INFORMATION  

E-print Network

ANNEX I PUBLIC INFORMATION #12;ANNEX I - PUBLIC INFORMATION 11/12/2013 v. 2.0 Page I-1 PROMULGATION STATEMENT Annex I: Public Information, and contents within, is a guide to how the University maintains public information during an incident. The Annex is written in support of the Texas A&M University (TAMU

8

Higher Education Providers HEIDI -Online Information Database  

E-print Network

Higher Education Providers HEIDI - Online Information Database HEIDI Equality Representative Bodies Education Providers Media Industry & Commerce Researchers Public RecordReviews Sector Bodies Equality Challenge Unit Quality Assurance Agency Universities & Colleges Employers Association Higher Education

Glasgow, University of

9

Citizen Perspectives on Trust in a Public Online Advanced Traveler Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of government in providing services to the citizen has been dramatically transformed with the evolution of the Internet and information and communication technologies. Now, government electronic services must not only be effective in their delivery but must also invoke citizen engagement in order to realize its significant contribution. Previous e-Government research has shown that trust in government electronic

Benjamin L. Schooley; Dolly A. Harold; Thomas A. Horan; Richard Burkhard

2011-01-01

10

76 FR 7874 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Online Innovation Submission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for the Innovation of the Day Project AGENCY: Office of Policy Development...FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sarah Gillespie at (202) 402-5843...Proposal: Innovation of the Day Project. OMB Control Number: XXXX-pending...through the Innovation of the Day Project. ``Innovation of the...

2011-02-11

11

Of Mice and Keyboards: Ergonomic Information Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses online resources on ergonomics for librarians seeking to improve working environments or planning for staff and public work areas. A sidebar lists electronic addresses for 10 online sites for information including: World Wide Web sites, the Library of Congress gopher, archives on avoiding typing injuries, and electronic mailing lists.…

Balas, Janet L.

1995-01-01

12

Motivating Online Publication of Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Despite policies and calls for scientists to make data available, this is not happening for most environmental- and biodiversity-related data because scientistsâ concerns about these efforts have not been answered and initiatives to motivate scientists to comply have been inadequate. Many of the issues regarding data availability can be addressed if the principles of âÂÂpublicationâ rather than âÂÂsharingâ are applied. However, online data publication systems also need to develop mechanisms for data citation and indices of data access comparable to those for citation systems in print journals.

Mark Costello (University of Auckland;Leigh Marine Laboratory)

2009-05-01

13

Plant Information Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Produced by the University of Minnesota Libraries, Plant Information Online is intended for just about anyone with a green thumb, or those who want to get their thumbs a bit greener. Visitors to this fine database will find details on over 134,000 wild and cultivated plants, along with information on over 2200 North American retail and wholesale seed and nursery firms. From the homepage, visitors can search the plant database by scientific or common name, and they can also take a look at the search tips for a bit more guidance. Additionally, the site also contains links to selected websites that feature both images and more detailed regional data on thousands of plants. After locating plants of interest, some visitors may wish to browse through the nursery database for tips on locating the closest place for geraniums, hydrangeas, and other such forms of vegetation.

2007-01-01

14

Public Policy Issues Surrounding Online University Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the maturation of the internet more and more colleges and universities are offering online courses. As these courses enter the mainstream, public policy issues are beginning to emerge. Many of these involve the tension between the \\

Georgia L. Holmes

15

Personalized online information search and visualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The rapid growth of online publications such as the Medline and other sources raises the questions how to get the relevant information efficiently. It is important, for a bench scientist, e.g., to monitor related publications constantly. It is also important, for a clinician, e.g., to access the patient records anywhere and anytime. Although time-consuming, this kind of searching procedure

Dongquan Chen; Helmuth F Orthner; Susan M Sell

2005-01-01

16

An Online Information Skills Tutorial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looking for new way to teach high school students how to use the library and library resources? The HeLIOS (Hemingway Library Information Online Skills) tutorial, an online tool designed specifically for high school students, may be the answer. For the past two years, students at home, in classrooms, and at libraries throughout Utah have used…

Christensen, Joanne; Morgan, Fawn; Kinikin, Janae

2013-01-01

17

New York Public Library Picture Collection Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of NYPL's evolving Digital Library, the Picture Collection Online is a collection of 30,000 public domain digital images from books and periodicals, original photographs, prints, and postcards. Primarily dated pre-1923, the Picture Collections includes some of the most popular images in the NYPL collection. The physical collection is housed in folders by broad subject headings, which can be browsed online. Keyword and advanced searches are also provided.

2002-01-01

18

Informing the public health.  

PubMed

Why with an increase in the amount of health information, and ways of accessing it, so many people experience poor health? What is the role of health library and information professionals in improving public health? These questions are of great interest to me. There are many examples of initiatives, particularly in the public library sector, which address health issues, however they are often very local and best practice is not always shared. Clearly changing the health status of a population requires more than information, but information is clearly an essential component. If health information is to be effective in improving public health then we need to address health literacy, and this is where health library and information professionals can play a significant role. Through this journal and the other activities of the Health Libraries Group I hope we can share good practice and explore new ways that health library and information workers can improve the health of individuals and communities. PMID:22925381

Birkenhead, Gary; Grant, Maria J

2012-09-01

19

Online links FURTHER INFORMATION  

E-print Network

to this interactive links box is free online. 6. Food and Drug Administration. FDA Approves restricted marketing­162 (Wiley-Liss, Hoboken, New Jersey, 2003). 11. Nuffield Council of Bioethics. Pharmacogenetics: Ethical Issues (Nuffield Council of Bioethics, London, 2003). 12. Melzer, D. et al. My Very Own Medicine: What

Cai, Long

20

Personalized online information search and visualization  

PubMed Central

Background The rapid growth of online publications such as the Medline and other sources raises the questions how to get the relevant information efficiently. It is important, for a bench scientist, e.g., to monitor related publications constantly. It is also important, for a clinician, e.g., to access the patient records anywhere and anytime. Although time-consuming, this kind of searching procedure is usually similar and simple. Likely, it involves a search engine and a visualization interface. Different words or combination reflects different research topics. The objective of this study is to automate this tedious procedure by recording those words/terms in a database and online sources, and use the information for an automated search and retrieval. The retrieved information will be available anytime and anywhere through a secure web server. Results We developed such a database that stored searching terms, journals and et al., and implement a piece of software for searching the medical subject heading-indexed sources such as the Medline and other online sources automatically. The returned information were stored locally, as is, on a server and visible through a Web-based interface. The search was performed daily or otherwise scheduled and the users logon to the website anytime without typing any words. The system has potentials to retrieve similarly from non-medical subject heading-indexed literature or a privileged information source such as a clinical information system. The issues such as security, presentation and visualization of the retrieved information were thus addressed. One of the presentation issues such as wireless access was also experimented. A user survey showed that the personalized online searches saved time and increased and relevancy. Handheld devices could also be used to access the stored information but less satisfactory. Conclusion The Web-searching software or similar system has potential to be an efficient tool for both bench scientists and clinicians for their daily information needs. PMID:15766382

Chen, Dongquan; Orthner, Helmuth F; Sell, Susan M

2005-01-01

21

Public Relations / Online-Kommunikation Hochschulkommunikation  

E-print Network

Public Relations / Online-Kommunikation Hochschulkommunikation INTERNETAUFTRITT IM WEB-CORPORATE-DESIGN ersten Ideen eines Internetauftritts bis zur fertigen Website im ETH Web Corporate Design. Web Corporate Design Das Web-Corporate Design, Web-CD, hat das Ziel, dass die Web-Auftritte der ETH Zürich ein

Fischlin, Andreas

22

Public Online Charter School Students: Choices, Perceptions, and Traits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been a steady growth of the K-12 student population taking courses online. This study examined reasons for students to choose a public online charter school program and their perceptions of online discussion. A survey was sent to 1,500 students newly enrolled in a statewide public online charter school program. From those who responded,…

Kim, Paul; Kim, Flora Hisook; Karimi, Arafeh

2012-01-01

23

Simplifying Online Searching: Creating Your Own Online Information Retrieval Manuals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the variety of search command languages among online systems and provides suggestions for creating online information retrieval manuals using a database management system such as dBASE III PLUS. An online systems comparison chart is included for INFOGLOBE, INFOMART, DIALOG, QUICK LAW, and REUTERS TEXTLINE. (LRW)

Gillespie, Jim

1990-01-01

24

Massive Open Online Courses in Public Health  

PubMed Central

Massive open online courses (MOOCs) represent a new and potentially transformative model for providing educational opportunities to learners not enrolled in a formal educational program. The authors describe the experience of developing and offering eight MOOCs on a variety of public health topics. Existing institutional infrastructure and experience with both for-credit online education and open educational resources mitigated the institutional risk and resource requirements. Although learners are able to enroll easily and freely and do so in large numbers, there is considerable variety in the level of participation and engagement among enrollees. As a result, comprehensive and accurate assessment of meaningful learning progress remains a major challenge for evaluating the effectiveness of MOOCs for providing public health education. PMID:24350228

Gooding, Ira; Klaas, Brian; Yager, James D.; Kanchanaraksa, Sukon

2013-01-01

25

Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Produced and maintained by the Transportation Research Board (TRB) at the National Academies of Sciences, "the Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) Database is the world's largest and most comprehensive bibliographic resource on transportation information." Recently, an online version of TRIS was launched as a component of the National Transportation Library, providing access to over 400,000 bibliographic records covering transportation research published in books, journal articles, technical reports, and other media. The records cover the literature from the 1960s to the present, including federal, state, local, and association publications. Users can search the database by author, title, or keyword, with a number of modifiers. Search returns include title, author, journal title (where applicable), date, an abstract, and where the resource can be obtained. In some instances, links to the full text or sources of the full text are provided.

26

Online Information Services. Caught in the Web?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides brief reviews of the sites for several online services of the World Wide Web; the Web as a marketing tool and other aspects of interest to information professionals are highlighted. A sidebar presents information on accessing Internet locations, graphics, online forms, Telnet, saving, printing, mailing, and searching. (AEF)

Green, Tim

1995-01-01

27

Acquisition of Language Information from Online Databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report describes the methods to acquire language information from online databases, which are usually employed to retrieve technical information. Typical uses are shown to obtain equivalent foreign words, language usages, illustrative sentences and statistical linguistic data, by use of JOIS, DIALOG, SDC and BRS online information systems. In comparison with dictionaries and usage books, the online databases provide a vast file of language information, which is unabridged, continually updated and accessible through any words or their combinations. In addition, they give quantitative data such as frequencies in use of words and expressions.

Sano, Hikomaro

28

Postgraduate information needs and online tools awareness  

E-print Network

?blogging.  Students  expressed  a  desire  to  access  basic  information about the physical library, as well as electronic resources, online.     A study of postgraduate  information needs must recognise the massive diversity  in postgraduate  study, particularly the difference between research postgraduates (PGRs) and taught postgraduates...  manage  information  postgraduates  tend  to  receive  advice  from  their  supervisor  and  peers  (other  students  and  colleagues  in  their  research group).   Existing awareness and engagement with online tools  • The majority of postgraduates are...

Dingley, Esther

29

32 CFR 518.6 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Public information. 518.6 Section... AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT...General Provisions § 518.6 Public information. (a) Public...

2010-07-01

30

Local Studies Collections Online: An Investigation in Irish Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to investigate how public libraries in Ireland are using their websites to present local studies collections online. Design/methodology/approach: All the websites of public libraries in Ireland were evaluated against a checklist of 50 criteria by one of the authors. An analytic description was provided of the four…

Barry, Lara; Tedd, Lucy A.

2008-01-01

31

An interactive, online Geographic Information System (GIS) for stakeholder participation in environmental site selection  

E-print Network

An interactive, online geographic information system (GIS) was developed to enhance the involvement of stakeholders in the public participation processes of site selection issues in the marine environment. Displaying ...

Adams, Christiaan Scott, 1973-

2004-01-01

32

Towards secure information systems in online banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this era of globalization, information security is becoming more important because the world is becoming highly interconnected with the Internet. At present customers can do banking online which is easy and time saving and at the same time they are vulnerable to threats. This paper seeks to investigate the current debate regarding the threats and vulnerabilities of the information

Zakaria Karim; Karim Mohammed Rezaul; Aliar Hossain

2009-01-01

33

Online Traveler Information in Stochastic Dynamic Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper establishes a general framework to study the effects of online information on users' routing decisions and the system cost in a stochastic dynamic traffic network under a generalized equilibrium condition. Users make adaptive routing decisions, and the rule that maps a user's current state, including node, time and information, to a decision on the next node to take

Song Gao

2006-01-01

34

Guidelines for Teachers of Online Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These guidelines are intended to provide realistic and practical guidance about the options available to teachers and planners of education and training programs wholly or partly concerned with online information retrieval, particularly those in academic departments of library and information studies. Seven sections address: (1) the aims and scope…

Wood, F. E.

35

Online Sources for Competitor Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competitor information gathering is a key aspect of business planning. Information can be collected from either published or unpublished sources. Unpublished information will often be verified based on material from published sources. Published information is more likely to be factual and includes financial, stockmarket, press, market and…

Weiss, Arthur

36

Online Learning in Public Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the advancement of technology over the years, there has been a vast expansion in the use of distance learning for employment training purposes. One of the main benefits of online versus traditional training is that it gives instructors the opportunity to teach pupils who, because of traveling distance and transport limitations or other access…

Stamatikos, Alexis; Ratnapradifa, Dhitinut

2011-01-01

37

Online Public Access Catalog: The Google Maps of the Library World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What do Google Maps and a library's Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC) have in common? Google Maps provides users with all the information they need for a trip in one place; users can get directions and find out what attractions, hotels, and restaurants are close by. Librarians must find the ultimate OPAC that will provide, in one place, all the…

Bailey, Kieren

2011-01-01

38

Online Information Search Strategies: A Focus On Flights and Accommodations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of the research was to understand information search strategies that individuals utilized in online travel product purchases. Two products, flights and accommodations, were selected to examine each product's explanatory variables in online purchase behaviors. The results indicate online flight purchasers utilize direct information sources and focus on transactional attributes. Online accommodation purchasers utilize various types of sources; and

Soo Hyun Jun; Christine A. Vogt; Kelly J. MacKay

2010-01-01

39

Web Accessibility Evaluation of Massive Open Online Courses on Geographical Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes some of the challenges that exist to make accessible massive open online courses (MOOCs) on Geographical Information Systems (GIS). These courses are known by the generic name of Geo-MOOCs. A MOOC is an online course that is open to the general public for free, which causes a massive registration. A GIS is a computer application that acquire,

Tania Calle-Jimenez; Sandra Sanchez-Gordon; Sergio Luján-Mora

2014-01-01

40

Are Norms of Disclosure of Online and Offline Personal Information Associated with the Disclosure of Personal Information Online?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether norms of self-disclosure of one's online and offline identity are linked to online disclosure of personal and intimate information. We expected online disclosure of personal and intimate information to be associated with norms of online disclosure. Secondary analysis of the 2006 Pew and American Life Survey of…

Mesch, Gustavo S.; Beker, Guy

2010-01-01

41

THE COATINGS GUIDE: AN ONLINE INFORMATION RESOURCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses the Coatings Guide, a free online information training resource that focuses on alternative low-emission coatings for metal and plastic substrates. Developed cooperatively by the U.S. EPA's Office of Research and Development and Research Triangle Institute, it...

42

An Online Public Auction Protocol Protecting Bidder Privacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a On-line auctioning is one of the fundamental services for the new Internet economy. Most current auction services are public\\u000a auction where all bids are made available to any party. User privacy is a primary concern in electronic world because electronic\\u000a environment facilitates the gathering of personal data. This paper proposes a public auction protocol that achieves bidder\\u000a privacy using binding

Khanh Quoc Nguyen; Jacques Traoré

2000-01-01

43

Online Technologies for Health Information and Education: A literature review  

PubMed Central

There is a growing body of research focused on the use of social media and Internet technologies for health education and information sharing. The authors reviewed literature on this topic, with a specific focus on the benefits and concerns associated with using online social technologies as health education and communication tools. Studies suggest that social media technologies have the potential to safely and effectively deliver health education, if privacy concerns are addressed. Utility of social media-based health education and communication will improve as technology developers and public health officials determine ways to improve information accuracy and address privacy concerns. PMID:24465171

Gill, Harkiran K.; Gill, Navkiranjit; Young, Sean D.

2014-01-01

44

Extending the Online Public Access Catalog into the Microcomputer Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes PCBIS, a database program for MS-DOS microcomputers that features a utility for automatically converting online public access catalog search results stored as text files into structured database files that can be searched, sorted, edited, and printed. Topics covered include the general features of the program, record structure, record…

Sutton, Brett

1990-01-01

45

Dijkstra's Algorithm On-Line: An Empirical Case Study from Public Railroad Transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traffic information systems are among the most prominent real-world applications of Dijkstra’s algorithm for shortest paths.\\u000a We consider the scenario of a central information server in the realm of public railroad transport on wide-area networks.\\u000a Such a system has to process a large number of on-line queries in real time. In practice, this problem is usually solved by\\u000a heuristical variations

Frank Schulz; Dorothea Wagner; Karsten Weihe

1999-01-01

46

Dijkstra's Algorithm On-Line: An Empirical Case Study from Public Railroad Transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traffic information systems are among the most prominent real-world applications of Dijkstra's algorithm for shortest paths. We consider the scenario of a central information server in the realm of public railroad transport on wide-area networks. Such a system has to process a large number of on-line queries for optimal travel connections in real time. In practice, this problem is usually

Frank Schulz; Dorothea Wagner; Karsten Weihe

2000-01-01

47

Online information retrieval systems and health professionals.  

PubMed

The following paper presents a scientific contribution that explores the clinicians' use of online information retrieval systems for their clinical decision making. Particularly, the research focuses on the ability of doctors and nurses in seeking information through MEDLINE and ScienceDirect. The research process took place by an electronic form consisted of five clinical scenarios and an evaluation sheet. The results testify that only a small percent of clinicians use the recommended electronic bibliographic databasesand take the right clinical decision to the scenarios. Health professionals have to be educated in information searching and take advantage from the provided literature taking more useful and reliable answers on their clinical questions. PMID:25000037

Lialiou, Pascalina; Mantas, John

2014-01-01

48

Optimizing Online Social Networks for Information Propagation  

PubMed Central

Online users nowadays are facing serious information overload problem. In recent years, recommender systems have been widely studied to help people find relevant information. Adaptive social recommendation is one of these systems in which the connections in the online social networks are optimized for the information propagation so that users can receive interesting news or stories from their leaders. Validation of such adaptive social recommendation methods in the literature assumes uniform distribution of users' activity frequency. In this paper, our empirical analysis shows that the distribution of online users' activity is actually heterogenous. Accordingly, we propose a more realistic multi-agent model in which users' activity frequency are drawn from a power-law distribution. We find that previous social recommendation methods lead to serious delay of information propagation since many users are connected to inactive leaders. To solve this problem, we design a new similarity measure which takes into account users' activity frequencies. With this similarity measure, the average delay is significantly shortened and the recommendation accuracy is largely improved. PMID:24816894

Chen, Duan-Bing; Wang, Guan-Nan; Zeng, An; Fu, Yan; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

2014-01-01

49

Students' Self-Regulated Learning, Online Information Evaluative Standards and Online Academic Searching Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online information searching strategies (OISS) used by students can be viewed as a key indicator in online learning environments. Therefore, developments in their OISS may also involve variables such as self-regulated learning (SRL) and online information evaluative standards (OIES). Three instruments, an OISS, a SRL and an OIES were used to…

Tseng, Sheng-Chau; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-01-01

50

Lognormal Infection Times of Online Information Spread  

PubMed Central

The infection times of individuals in online information spread such as the inter-arrival time of Twitter messages or the propagation time of news stories on a social media site can be explained through a convolution of lognormally distributed observation and reaction times of the individual participants. Experimental measurements support the lognormal shape of the individual contributing processes, and have resemblance to previously reported lognormal distributions of human behavior and contagious processes. PMID:23700473

Doerr, Christian; Blenn, Norbert; Van Mieghem, Piet

2013-01-01

51

Information Services and Publications of the FCC.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide range of information services and publications are provided by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to inform the public of its activities. Services include daily news releases and a Public Reference Room where broadcast applications, station records, and Commission hearing proceedings are available for inspection. Publications

Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

52

Public Information for Water Pollution Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is a handbook for water pollution control personnel to guide them towards a successful public relations program. This handbook was written to incorporate the latest methods of teaching basic public information techniques to the non-professional in this area. Contents include: (1) a rationale for a public information program; (2)…

Water Pollution Control Federation, Washington, DC.

53

Informational Environments: Organizational Contexts of Online Information Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines sustained use and non-use of online services within organizations using an open-systems view that overcomes limitations of traditional approaches that led to over-estimates of use. Focuses on the informational environments of firms in three industries: law, real estate, and biotech/pharmaceuticals; and discusses insights from an intranets…

Lamb, Roberta; King, John Leslie; Kling, Rob

2003-01-01

54

On-Line Administrative Information Systems: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study approach is used to document the on-line information system developed by the Office of Management Information and Computing at the University of Vermont. Stanford University's Project INFO On-Line Administration Information System, OASIS, was chosen as a model. The administrative system is one of two on campus, the other designed for…

Sire, Paul W.

55

Online Information 96. Proceedings of the International Online Information Meeting (20th, London, England, UK, December 3-5, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings volume contains 68 papers. Subjects addressed include: access to information; the future of information managers/librarians; intelligent agents; changing roles of library users; disintermediation; Internet review sites; World Wide Web (WWW) search engines; Java; online searching; future of online education; integrated information

Raitt, David I., Ed.; Jeapes, Ben, Ed.

56

Public information, dissemination, and behavior analysis  

E-print Network

Suggests that behavior analysts have become increasingly concerned about inaccuracies and misconceptions in the public, educational, and professional information portraying their activities. Some of the conditions that ...

Morris, Edward K.

1985-01-01

57

Recommendations for Using Online Social Networking Technologies to Reduce Inaccurate Online Health Information  

PubMed Central

This short report highlights the increasing use of the Internet and online social networking technologies for health information and health decision making, and the consequences of seeking information from sites with biased or inaccurate health information. As the number of disreputable health information sites continues to grow rapidly, this paper provides practical advice for health providers on how they can help prevent health information consumers from seeking inaccurate information online. Reflecting on the utility of online social networking technologies for reaching large audiences, we recommend that health providers use online social networking technologies to communicate with patients and consumers of health information and direct them to reputable sources with accurate health information. We outline the steps to this approach. PMID:22016578

Young, Sean D.

2011-01-01

58

Usability testing of an online information literacy tutorial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Usability testing can play a valuable role in improving the effectiveness of online information literacy instruction, while forming a core component in a wider assessment plan. This article aims to discuss the usability testing of an online information literacy tutorial for freshman undergraduates at Wilfrid Laurier University Library. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Two librarians, working to fulfill an important mandate

Sophie Bury; Joanne Oud

2005-01-01

59

University Students' Online Information Searching Strategies in Different Search Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the role of search context played in university students' online information searching strategies. A total of 304 university students in Taiwan were surveyed with questionnaires in which two search contexts were defined as searching for learning, and searching for daily life information. Students' online search strategies…

Tsai, Meng-Jung; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Hou, Huei-Tse; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2012-01-01

60

A Study of Personal Information Management Strategies for Online Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature suggests that personal information management is a serious challenge for many computer users. Online faculty are especially challenged because of the large number of electronic files necessitated by teaching online. Those who have experience in this environment may offer valuable insights regarding information management challenges…

Kearns, Lorna R.; Frey, Barbara A.; Tomer, Christinger; Alman, Susan

2014-01-01

61

Tracking and Modeling Information Diffusion across Interactive Online Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information spreads rapidly across Web sites, Web logs and online forums. This paper describes the research framework of the IDIOM Project (Information Diffusion across Interactive Online Media),1 which analyzes this process by identifying redundant content elements, mapping them to an ontological knowledge structure, and tracking their temporal and geographic distribution. Linguists define \\

Arno Scharl; Albert Weichselbraun; Wei Liu

62

Student Search Behaviour in an Online Public Access Catalogue: An Examination of "Searching Mental Models" and "Searcher Self-Concept"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper presents a qualitative exploration of university students' experience of searching an online public access catalogue. The study investigated how students conceptualise their searching process, as well as how students understand themselves as seekers of information. Method: Following a search task, thirty-eight…

Willson, Rebekah; Given, Lisa M.

2014-01-01

63

Terminal Ailments Need Not Be Fatal: A Speculative Assessment of the Impact of Online Public Access Catalogs in Academic Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses several concerns about nature of online public access catalogs (OPAC) that have particular import to reference librarians: user passivity and loss of control growing out of "human-machine interface" and the larger social context; and the tendency of computerized bibliographic systems to obfuscate human origins of library information and…

Sandler, Mark

1985-01-01

64

Information Literacy Training in Canada's Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of the study were to explore the role of Canada's public libraries in developing the public's information literacy (IL) skills, to explore current IL training practices, and to explore the perspectives and IL experiences of individuals who visit public libraries to access the Internet. This article documents the second phase of a…

Julien, Heidi; Hoffman, Cameron

2008-01-01

65

Public Reporting of Quality Information on Medicaid Health Plans  

PubMed Central

Transparency through public reporting of quality data is key to achieving the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) vision for 21st century health care. This article reviews the status of States' voluntary public reporting of Medicaid managed care (MMC) quality data, and analyzes these data. Twenty-one States, including 17 of the 20 largest managed care States, have made plan-level data publicly available online, although the data are sometimes thin, with few measures reported, hard-to-access, and old. We conclude that CMS could better leverage the power of public reporting for quality improvement (QI) by increasing the visibility of health plan employer data and information set (HEDIS®) data that States already collect. PMID:17645152

Felt-Lisk, Suzanne; Barrett, Allison; Nyman, Rebecca

2007-01-01

66

The Marine Realms Information Bank family of digital libraries: access to free online information for coastal and marine science  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Searching the World Wide Web for reliable information about specific topics or locations can be frustrating: too many hits, too little relevance. A well-designed digital library, offering a carefully selected collection of online resources, is an attractive alternative to web search engines. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides three digital libraries for coastal and marine science to serve the needs of a diverse audience--scientists, public servants, educators, and the public.

Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.

2007-01-01

67

The Combined Health Information Database (CHD) Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A joint project of the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, this unified database of bibliographic records has been available to the public since 1985, and now sports a clean new interface. There are sixteen separately maintained databases that can be searched individually or at once, ranging from AIDS Education and Alzheimers Disease to Cancer Prevention and Weight Control. The simple search interface offers a single box into which keywords are entered. The detailed search interface allows the user to specify date of publication, media type, and language, and provides multiple query boxes that may be linked together by Boolean operators. Searches return lists of matches, from which individual bibliographic records (including abstracts) may be viewed. Reprint ordering procedures are also listed. Users may also browse information on the scope and coverage of each of the sixteen databases.

1997-01-01

68

Anonymity Versus Privacy: Selective Information Sharing in Online Cancer Communities  

PubMed Central

Background Active sharing in online cancer communities benefits patients. However, many patients refrain from sharing health information online due to privacy concerns. Existing research on privacy emphasizes data security and confidentiality, largely focusing on electronic medical records. Patient preferences around information sharing in online communities remain poorly understood. Consistent with the privacy calculus perspective adopted from e-commerce research, we suggest that patients approach online information sharing instrumentally, weighing privacy costs against participation benefits when deciding whether to share certain information. Consequently, we argue that patients prefer sharing clinical information over daily life and identity information that potentially compromises anonymity. Furthermore, we explore whether patients’ prior experiences, age, health, and gender affect perceived privacy costs and thus willingness to share information. Objective The goal of the present study is to document patient preferences for sharing information within online health platforms. Methods A total of 115 cancer patients reported sharing intentions for 15 different types of information, demographics, health status, prior privacy experiences, expected community utility, and privacy concerns. Results Factor analysis on the 15 information types revealed 3 factors coinciding with 3 proposed information categories: clinical, daily life, and identity information. A within-subject ANOVA showed a strong preference for sharing clinical information compared to daily life and identity information (F 1,114=135.59, P=.001, ?2=.93). Also, adverse online privacy experiences, age, and health status negatively affected information-sharing intentions. Female patients shared information less willingly. Conclusions Respondents’ information-sharing intentions depend on dispositional and situational factors. Patients share medical details more willingly than daily life or identity information. The results suggest the need to focus on anonymity rather than privacy in online communities. PMID:24828114

Vermeulen, Ivar E; Beekers, Nienke

2014-01-01

69

Affording to exchange: social capital and online information sharing.  

PubMed

The potential harm and benefit associated with sharing personal information online is a topic of debate and discussion. Using survey methods (n=872), we explore whether attainment of social capital online relates to greater comfort with sharing personal information. We found that perceptions of bridging and bonding social capital earned from using Facebook are significant predictors of overall comfort levels with sharing personal information. This research raises timely questions about how the perceived benefits of social networking sites influence how personal information is shared online. PMID:23600613

Maksl, Adam; Young, Rachel

2013-08-01

70

Medicare.gov: View and Download Publications On-Line  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Health Care Financing Administration provides this selection of consumer publications on Medicare, long-term care, and other health care issues. Users will find a guide to selecting a nursing home, information on skilled nursing facilities for Medicare beneficiaries, and an overview of Medicare Managed Care. Additional information is available on Medicare and mammograms, Medicare kidney coverage, Medicare home health care, and detecting consumer fraud.

71

76 FR 68518 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting...stewardship and broad public access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that...stewardship and broad public access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications...

2011-11-04

72

76 FR 80418 - Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting From...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request for Information: Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting...stewardship and broad public access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications that...stewardship and broad public access to the peer-reviewed scholarly publications...

2011-12-23

73

CLSI On-Line Public Catalog Keyboard Terminal Manual: Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training manual developed by the Public Access Subcommittee of the Reference Department of Meriam Library (California State University, Chico) provides instructions for using the library's online public catalog by means of a keyboard terminal. An introduction describes the Boolean searching capability of the online catalog and gives examples…

California State Univ., Chico.

74

The Internet Public Library Online Literary Criticism Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The well-known Internet Public Library has added this new collection to its powerful information lineup. This literary metasite contains over 1,000 annotated metasites and articles devoted to literary criticism, biographical, and other information about 123 authors from Dante Alighieri to Arthur Miller to William Butler Yeats. The links to criticism information can be to sites or articles (some of which have access restrictions). Visitors can browse the site by author, title, or literary period (for British and American literature). In addition, both a literary criticism guide and a pathfinder are provided for those who wish to further explore web and print resources on the topic.

75

Online information as a decision making aid for cancer patients: recommendations from the Eurocancercoms project.  

PubMed

A pan-European survey was conducted under the auspices of the FP7 Eurocancercoms project during the period September 2010-March 2011. It was designed to broaden public policy understanding of patients' specific needs when seeking online cancer information and aimed to identify gaps in the online cancer information provision across Europe. In this paper we describe the methodology and main findings of the Tenovus survey, and draw some recommendations on the use of online information as a decision making aid for cancer patients and their families, namely: (1) transparency and accountability of the sources of information presented online; (2) accreditation of information by different recognised forms of authority and expertise, i.e. both by health-care professional and by patients/public members belonging to patient advocacy groups; (3) scaling up of information: we envisage a 3-tiered system that would enable patients to access different levels of complexity and volume of information from summary to detailed; (4) embedding of custom search tools and interactive search technologies to allow users to define requirements tailored on their needs and be context-driven; (5) communication across discipline boundaries, as patients' and doctors' online communities have very little or no contact among one another. These recommendations were applied for building the online platform EcancerHub, also under the auspices of the Eurocancercoms project, which by bringing together the different cancer communities seeks to break down traditional information boundaries, and through the interactions produce a surplus knowledge that could aid patients in difficult decision making times. PMID:22033324

Maddock, Carol; Camporesi, Silvia; Lewis, Ian; Ahmad, Kafait; Sullivan, Richard

2012-05-01

76

The Public Life of Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mid-twentieth century marked a shift in Americans' fundamental orientation toward information. Rather than news or knowledge, information became a disembodied quantum--strings of ones and zeros processed, increasingly, by complex machines. This dissertation examines how Americans became acquainted with "information", as newly conceived by…

Rowe, Josh

2011-01-01

77

Overview of RSA Public Key Cryptography Cryptography [This material is available on-line at  

E-print Network

Overview of RSA Public Key Cryptography Cryptography [This material is available on-line at http using her public key. Public-key cryptography generates a public key and a private key by using) would be 1024 bits. Details of RSA cryptography and other cryptography techniques can be found

Kulkarni, Vidyadhar G.

78

Program-Integrated Information Literacy Instruction for Online Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic librarians often provide information literacy support for specific courses or topics in the form of research guides, one-shot training sessions, library orientations, or by embedding library content into online courses. Less frequently, they provide continuous program-level support on-campus or online. This paper highlights the value of…

Kumar, Swapna; Ochoa, Marilyn

2012-01-01

79

Introducing Chemistry Undergraduate Students to Online Chemical Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of manual and online searching are compared during a unit on online chemical information retrieval taught at Hebrew University. Strategies and results obtained are provided for student searches on the synthesis of vitamin K(3) from 2-methylnaphthalene and polywater. (JN)

Wolman, Yecheskel

1985-01-01

80

Sharing Metadata: Enabling Online Information Provision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes work being carried out in the fields of online education provision and library systems, beginning with a description of the current state of the art with regard to online learning environments and educational materials management. Suggestions and solutions for librarians dealing with the management of educational digital…

Darzentas, Jenny

81

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2011-04-01

82

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2013-04-01

83

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2010-04-01

84

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2012-04-01

85

24 CFR 81.72 - Public-use database and public information.  

...2014-04-01 false Public-use database and public information. 81.72 ...Information § 81.72 Public-use database and public information. (a) General...available for public use, a public-use database containing public data as defined...

2014-04-01

86

Informational Privacy, Public Health, and State Laws  

PubMed Central

Developments in information technology that make it possible to rapidly transmit health information also raise questions about the possible inappropriate use and protection of identifiable (or potentially identifiable) personal health information. Despite efforts to improve state laws, adoption of provisions has lagged. We found that half of states have no statutes addressing nondisclosure of personally identifiable health information generally held by public health agencies. Exceptional treatment of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, or tuberculosis-related information was common. Where other provisions were found, there was little consistency in the laws across states. The variation in state laws supports the need to build consensus on the appropriate use and disclosure of public health information among public health practitioners. PMID:21852633

Matthews, Gene

2011-01-01

87

30 CFR 764.23 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DESIGNATING AREAS UNSUITABLE FOR SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS § 764.23 Public...information relating to location of properties proposed to be nominated to...for all or certain types of surface coal mining operations or to have...

2010-07-01

88

40 CFR 149.103 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) SOLE SOURCE AQUIFERS Review of Projects Affecting the Edwards Underground Reservoir, A Designated Sole Source Aquifer in the San Antonio, Texas Area § 149.103 Public information. After the...

2010-07-01

89

40 CFR 149.103 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) SOLE SOURCE AQUIFERS Review of Projects Affecting the Edwards Underground Reservoir, A Designated Sole Source Aquifer in the San Antonio, Texas Area § 149.103 Public information. After the...

2011-07-01

90

40 CFR 149.103 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) SOLE SOURCE AQUIFERS Review of Projects Affecting the Edwards Underground Reservoir, A Designated Sole Source Aquifer in the San Antonio, Texas Area § 149.103 Public information. After the...

2013-07-01

91

40 CFR 149.103 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) SOLE SOURCE AQUIFERS Review of Projects Affecting the Edwards Underground Reservoir, A Designated Sole Source Aquifer in the San Antonio, Texas Area § 149.103 Public information. After the...

2012-07-01

92

Information Literacy and the Public Librarian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the current concept of information literacy as a survival skill and suggests that public libraries can play an important role in its spread if they develop some nontraditional practices and make alliances with other agencies. (EAM)

Curran, Charles

1990-01-01

93

The Separate Spheres of Online Health: Gender, Parenting, and Online Health Information Searching in the Information Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this article is to explore how parental status, gender, and their interaction influence a variety of aspects of searching for online health information. Drawing on nationally representative survey data, the results show that in a number of ways parenting and gender have separate but significant influences on the following: online

Stern, Michael J.; Cotten, Shelia R.; Drentea, Patricia

2012-01-01

94

Seattle Public Library Web Sites and Databases: Municipal Codes Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Drawing heavily on the Folio databases made available by the Municipal Code Corporation, as well as other sources, Jeannette Voiland of the Seattle Public Library has compiled a growing list of over 150 municipal codes in 37 states at this time. Depth of coverage varies by state, with especially good coverage for Florida, California, and Washington. As the site grows, it should become a major repository for US municipal code information.

95

Online Tutorials and Effective Information Literacy Instruction for Distance Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As Internet and computer technologies have evolved, libraries have incorporated these technologies into the delivery of information literacy instruction. Of particular benefit is the ability of online tutorials to deliver information literacy instruction to students not physically present on campus. A survey of library and information science…

Gonzales, Brighid M.

2014-01-01

96

Using Online Occupational Information for Career Development. Practitioner File.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist career education and career development practitioners in helping students use occupational information, this Practitioner File begins by discussing the role of occupational information in career decision making. The next section addresses considerations and concerns in using online information such as user proficiency, quality of…

Imel, Susan; Kerka, Sandra; Wonacott, Michael E.

97

Environmental Programs Information: Affecting Kansas Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a brief overview of the environmental issues that affect Kansas public schools. Specific programs that address these problems are included, along with their contact information. This document contains information on the following issues and programs: (1) Department of Health and Environment; (2) air; (3) asbestos; (4)…

Kansas State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

98

75 FR 76393 - Notice of Request for a New Information Collection (Public Health Information System)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...a New Information Collection (Public Health Information System) AGENCY...collection concerning its Web-based Public Health Information System. DATES: Comments...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public Health Information System...

2010-12-08

99

Seeking health information online: does limited healthcare access matter?  

PubMed

Consumers facing barriers to healthcare access may use online health information seeking and online communication with physicians, but the empirical relationship has not been sufficiently analyzed. Our study examines the association of barriers to healthcare access with consumers' health-related information searching on the internet, use of health chat groups, and email communication with physicians, using data from 27,210 adults from the 2009 National Health Interview Survey. Individuals with financial barriers to healthcare access, difficulty getting timely appointments with doctors, and conflicts in scheduling during clinic hours are more likely to search for general health information online than those without these access barriers. Those unable to get timely appointments with physicians are more likely to participate in health chat groups and email physicians. The internet may offer a low-cost source of health information and could help meet the heightened demand for health-related information among those facing access barriers to care. PMID:24948558

Bhandari, Neeraj; Shi, Yunfeng; Jung, Kyoungrae

2014-01-01

100

Florida Public Health Training Center: Evidence-Based Online Mentor Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an Online Mentor Program (OMP) designed to support and facilitate mentorships among and between Florida Department of Health (FDOH) employees and USF College of Public Health students using a Web-based portal. The Florida Public Health Training Center (FPHTC) at the University of South Florida (USF) College of Public Health…

Frahm, Kathryn A.; Alsac-Seitz, Biray; Mescia, Nadine; Brown, Lisa M.; Hyer, Kathy; Liburd, Desiree; Rogoff, David P.; Troutman, Adewale

2013-01-01

101

Updating scientific information through key publications. [Lockheed Information Systems  

SciTech Connect

This primer shows how to quickly update scientific information in a particular area, using a key publication from that area. The method presented here, using a key publication avoids the usual frustrating search for all possible key words that might have been used by the persons who stored the data.

Signell, P.

1981-04-09

102

Online Learning as Information Delivery: Digital Myopia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In business and commerce, the concept of marketing myopia has been a useful tool to predict, analyze and explain the rise and fall of businesses. In this article, we question whether the concept can also be used to predict the ultimate downfall of online learning in higher education, if universities continue to confuse their key mission-education-…

Herrington, Jan; Reeves, Thomas C.; Oliver, Ron

2005-01-01

103

Predicting Online Learning Success: Applying the Situational Theory of Publics to the Virtual Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the trend of increased interest by students to take online courses and by institutions to offer them, scholars have taken many different approaches to understand what makes one student successful in online learning while another may fail. This study proposes that using the situational theory of publics will provide a better understanding…

Kruger-Ross, Matthew J.; Waters, Richard D.

2013-01-01

104

2013NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. NATURE NEUROSCIENCE ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION 1  

E-print Network

they viewed 60 min of natural movies (Online Methods). Subjects maintained steady fixation while covertly©2013NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. NATURE NEUROSCIENCE ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION 1 A R T I, we used complex natural movie stimuli containing hundreds of different object and action categories16

Gallant, Jack L.

105

Financing Online Search Services in Publicly Supported Libraries. The Report of an ALA Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 1981 the American Library Association (ALA) conducted a survey to determine how online search services are financed in publicly-supported libraries and in libraries in nonprofit organizations. The survey questionnaire was prepared by the ALA Office for Research (OFR), and three vendors of online services--BRS, Lockheed, and SDC--mailed the…

Lynch, Mary Jo

106

Interactive Learning Online at Public Universities: Evidence from a Six-Campus Randomized Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online instruction is quickly gaining in importance in U.S. higher education, but little rigorous evidence exists as to its effect on student learning. We measure the effect on learning outcomes of a prototypical interactive learning online statistics course by randomly assigning students on six public university campuses to take the course in a…

Bowen, William G.; Chingos, Matthew M.; Lack, Kelly A.; Nygren, Thomas I.

2014-01-01

107

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND PUBLIC HEALTH  

Microsoft Academic Search

? Abstract Geographic information,systems (GIS) and analyses based on GIS have become,widespread,and well accepted. GIS is not the complete,solution to understand- ing the distribution of disease and the problems,of public health but is an important way,in which to better illuminate how,humans,interact with their environment,to create or deter health. Public health and health care have been substantially transformed by informa-

Thomas C. Ricketts

2003-01-01

108

NATURE GEOSCIENCE | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturegeoscience 1 news & views  

E-print Network

NATURE GEOSCIENCE | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturegeoscience 1 news & views I n is limited. Writing in Nature Geoscience, Andermann and colleagues4 estimate annual groundwater fluxes

Bookhagen, Bodo

109

Relative importance of online versus offline information for Internet purchases: Product category and Internet experience effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Across three studies we examine the relative importance of online versus offline information for Internet purchases. Study 1 reveals that the relative importance of online information is higher for utilitarian products (computer hardware and software) than for hedonic products (books, music, and movies). Study 2 shows that, in the case of online purchases, the relative importance of online information decreases

Amar Cheema; Purushottam Papatla

2010-01-01

110

ODLIS - Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every field has their own vocabulary of words that can sound like a foreign language to any 'outsider' and Library and Information Science is no different. This online dictionary helps define the multitude of terms an aspiring librarian or librarian technician may encounter. Print versions are also available in hardcover or paperback. Joan M. Reitz, Associate Librarian for Instruction at the Ruth A. Haas Library, Western Connecticut State University, created both online and print versions.

Reitz, Joan M.

111

Radiation risk perception and public information  

SciTech Connect

We as Health Physicists face what, at many times, appears to be a hopeless task. The task simply stated is informing the public about the risks (or lack thereof) of radiation. Unfortunately, the public has perceived radiation risks to be much greater than they actually are. An example of this problem is shown in a paper by Arthur C. Upton. Three groups of people -- the League of Women Voters, students, and Business and Professional Club members -- were asked to rank 30 sources of risk according to their contribution to the number of deaths in the United States. Not surprisingly, they ranked nuclear power much higher and medical x-rays much lower than the actual values. In addition to the perception problem, we are faced with another hurdle: health physicists as communicators. Members of the Health Physics Society (HPS) found that the communication styles of most health physicists appear to be dissimilar to those of the general public. These authors administered the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator to the HPS Baltimore-Washington Chapter. This test, a standardized test for psychological type developed by Isabel Myers, ask questions that provide a quantitative measure of our natural preferences in four areas. Assume that you as a health physicist have the necessary skills to communicate information about radiation to the public. Health physicists do nothing with these tools. Most people involved in radiation protection do not get involved with public information activies. What I will attempt to do is heighten your interest in such activities. I will share information about public information activities in which I have been involved and give you suggestions for sources of information and materials. 2 refs., 1 tab.

Boggs-Mayes, C.J.

1988-01-01

112

Cookies and Web browser design: toward realizing informed consent online  

Microsoft Academic Search

We first provide criteria for assessing informed consent online. Then we examine how cookie technology and Web browser designs have responded to concerns about informed consent. Specifically, we document relevant design changes in Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer over a 5-year period, starting in 1995. Our retrospective analyses leads us to conclude that while cookie technology has improved over time

Lynette I. Millett; Batya Friedman; Edward W. Felten

2001-01-01

113

Audience/Online Information Interactions: New Research in Learning Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation proposes the need for a paradigmatic shift in the production of formal and behavioral online information to accommodate the differing learning preferences of its audiences. Developments in the presentation of information itself and the management of its complexity have not progressed at the same rate as the technology that…

Fong, Michele Wong Kung

2010-01-01

114

Research to Go: Taking an Information Literacy Credit Course Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adapting an existing face-to-face information literacy course that teaches undergraduates how to successfully conduct research and creating an online or hybrid version is a multi-step process. It begins with a desire to reach more students and help them achieve academic success. The primary learning outcomes for any information literacy course are…

Long, Jessica; Burke, John J.; Tumbleson, Beth

2012-01-01

115

Collective Information Literacy in Massively Multiplayer Online Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the forms of information literacy that arise in commercial entertainment games like "World of Warcraft." Using examples culled from eight months of online ethnographic data, the authors detail the forms of information literacy that arise as a regular part of in-game social interaction, emphasizing (ironically) the…

Martin, Crystle; Steinkuehler, Constance

2010-01-01

116

40 CFR 300.155 - Public information and community relations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Public information and community relations. 300.155 ...§ 300.155 Public information and community relations. (a) When...coordinate with available public affairs/community relations resources to...

2010-07-01

117

40 CFR 300.155 - Public information and community relations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Public information and community relations. 300.155 ...§ 300.155 Public information and community relations. (a) When...coordinate with available public affairs/community relations resources to...

2011-07-01

118

Attributes of Interactive Online Health Information Systems  

PubMed Central

The development of online communication systems related to prevention, decision making, and coping with cancer has outpaced theoretical attention to the attributes that appeal to system users and that create effective interactions. This essay reviews a number of sociotechnical attributes related to online discussion systems and tutorials, including interactivity, presence, homophily, social distance, anonymity/privacy, and interaction management. These attributes are derived from different theoretical perspectives which have led to clinical trials and other empirical studies demonstrating effectiveness or attraction to end users. The effects of a subset of these attributes are connected to learning, social influence, and coping, as illustrated in evaluations of an interactive smoking prevention site and a cancer advice/support discussion system. PMID:15998624

Pingree, Suzanne; Hawkins, Robert P; Buller, David B

2005-01-01

119

Public Preferences about Secondary Uses of Electronic Health Information  

PubMed Central

Importance As health information technology grows secondary uses of personal health information offer promise in advancing research, public health, and health care. Public perceptions about personal health data sharing are important to establish and evaluate ethical and regulatory structures for overseeing the use of these data. Objective Measure patient preferences toward sharing their electronic health information for secondary purposes—uses other than their own health care.. Design In this conjoint analysis study, participants were randomized to receive 6 of 18 scenarios describing secondary uses of electronic health information, constructed with 3 attributes: uses (research, health care quality improvement, marketing), users (university hospital, drug company, public health department), and data sensitivity (medical history, medical history plus genetic test results). This experimental design enabled participants to reveal their preferences for secondary uses of their personal health information. Setting and Participants We surveyed 3,336 Hispanic (n=568), non-Hispanic African American (n=500), and non-Hispanic White (n=2,268) adults representing 65.1% of those from a nationally representative, online panel. Main Outcomes and Measures Participants responded to each conjoint scenario by rating their willingness to share their electronic personal health information on a 1–10 scale (1=low, 10=high). Conjoint analysis yields importance weights reflecting the contribution of a dimension (use, user, sensitivity) to willingness to share personal health information. Results The use of data was the most important factor in the conjoint analysis (63.4% importance weight) compared to the user (32.6% importance weight) and data sensitivity (importance weight: 3.1%). In unadjusted models, marketing uses (?1.55, p<0.001), quality improvement uses (?0.51, p<0.001), drug company users (?0.80, p<0.001) and public health department users (?0.52, p<0.001) were associated with less willingness to share health information compared to research (use) and university hospitals (users). Hispanics and African-Americans discriminated less between the three uses compared to Whites. Conclusions and Relevance Participants cared most about the specific purpose for using their health information, though differences were smaller among racial and ethnic minorities. The user of the information was of secondary importance and the sensitivity of information was not a significant factor. These preferences should be considered in policies governing secondary uses of health information. PMID:23958803

Grande, David; Mitra, Nandita; Shah, Anand; Wan, Fei; Asch, David A.

2014-01-01

120

The Use of Deception in Public Health Behavioral Intervention Trials: A Case Study of Three Online Alcohol Trials  

PubMed Central

Some public health behavioral intervention research studies involve deception. A methodological imperative to minimize bias can be in conflict with the ethical principle of informed consent. As a case study, we examine the specific forms of deception used in three online randomized controlled trials evaluating brief alcohol interventions. We elaborate our own decision making about the use of deception in these trials, and present our ongoing findings and uncertainties. We discuss the value of the approach of pragmatism for examining these kinds of ethical issues that can arise in research on public health interventions. PMID:24161181

McCambridge, Jim; Kypri, Kypros; Bendtsen, Preben; Porter, John

2013-01-01

121

The use of deception in public health behavioral intervention trials: a case study of three online alcohol trials.  

PubMed

Some public health behavioral intervention research studies involve deception. A methodological imperative to minimize bias can be in conflict with the ethical principle of informed consent. As a case study, we examine the specific forms of deception used in three online randomized controlled trials evaluating brief alcohol interventions. We elaborate our own decision making about the use of deception in these trials, and present our ongoing findings and uncertainties. We discuss the value of the approach of pragmatism for examining these kinds of ethical issues that can arise in research on public health interventions. PMID:24161181

McCambridge, Jim; Kypri, Kypros; Bendtsen, Preben; Porter, John

2013-01-01

122

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center: Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Department of Agriculture's website has a special section devoted to alternative farming systems, which include ecological pest management, value-added enterprises, agritourism, renewable energy on the farm, and aquaculture. Visitors will find the publications section related to alternative farming system to be filled with resources on a multitude of subjects. "Sustainability in Agriculture" is the first topic on the homepage, and includes a publication updated in 2007, called "Sustainable Agriculture: Definitions and Terms", that should be a good start for many visitors. Visitors interested in learning how to engage in sustainable agriculture methods, should take a look at "Sustainable Agriculture: Information Access Tools" published in 2009. The tools include publications on "Automated Database Searches", "Research Funding Resources", and "Top 10 research Journals". An informative piece of writing about the evolution of organic/sustainable agriculture is also available here.

123

A community education initiative to improve using online health information: participation and impact.  

PubMed

The Internet has become a major source of health information for the general public and has the potential to influence health behaviours; however, most people lack the knowledge and skills to use it insightfully. This paper reports on the evaluation of a community education program, in which a team of clinicians and consumer representatives from a large metropolitan hospital partnered with a major public library to provide free interactive workshops for the general public. The aim of the workshops was to improve participants' ability to find and use evidence-based health information on the Internet. The aim of the evaluation reported here was to study participation in and impact of these workshops. Researchers administered pre- and post-workshop surveys to 89 members of the general public who participated in a workshop. This study found not only similarities in participants' pre-workshop use of online health information compared with population-level studies but also some interesting differences. The workshop was found to have an overall positive impact on changing the way participants intended to look for and use health information in the future, and on improving their knowledge about evidence-based health information, with 63.5% of respondents stating that they would use health information in the future to ask a doctor new questions. These findings offer important evidence of the need to plan nuanced health literacy education and information strategies for the general public. PMID:23324099

Gray, Kathleen; Elliott, Kristine; Wale, Janet

2013-09-01

124

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY  

E-print Network

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL in which the solar wind is thought to originate." The mission operations team at Jet Propulsion Laboratory by NASA's Deep Space Network, which is managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. ##### #1385/JPL-PIO #12;

Christian, Eric

125

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY  

E-print Network

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL manager at NASA'ís Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Distance from Earth at perihelion, or closest approach above the Sun's poles. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the U.S. portion of the mission for NASA

Christian, Eric

126

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY  

E-print Network

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE December 5, 1994 Scientists from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the European Space, NASA project scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, who is participating in today's press

Christian, Eric

127

Publicity, Privacy, and Permanence of Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The quantum principles of superposition and entanglement have led to a recasting of the foundations of information and computation theory, and are especially helpful in understanding the nature of privacy. The most private information, exemplified by a quantum eraser experiment, is best regarded as existing only conditionally and temporarily-after the experiment is over no trace remains. Less private is classically-secret information-quantum information that has decohered, and thus become recoverable in principle, though not in practice, from portions of the environment. Finally there is public information, which has been replicated so thoroughly throughout the environment as to be infeasible to conceal. The Internet has caused an explosion of public information, with the beneficial side effect of making it harder for despots to rewrite the history of their misdeeds, and it is tempting to hope that all macroscopic information is permanent, making such cover-ups impossible in principle if not in practice. However, by comparing entropy flows into and out of the Earth with estimates of the planet's storage capacity, we conclude that most macroscopic information-for example the pattern of sand grains on an ancient beach-is impermanent, in the sense of becoming irrecoverable in principle from the Earth though still recorded in the Universe.

Bennett, Charles H.

2006-11-01

128

78 FR 32234 - Notice of Request for Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection: Public Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Approved Information Collection: Public Health Information System--Animal...and rabbit slaughter for the Public Health Information System--Animal...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public Health Information System--...

2013-05-29

129

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Public access to information. 456.4 Section 456.4 General...CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It...

2010-01-01

130

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Public access to information. 456.4 Section 456.4 General...CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It...

2012-01-01

131

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-01-01 true Public access to information. 456.4 Section 456.4 General...CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It...

2013-01-01

132

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Public access to information. 456.4 Section 456.4 General...CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It...

2011-01-01

133

1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.  

...2012-01-01 true Public access to information. 456.4 Section 456.4 General...CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General policy. It...

2014-01-01

134

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206...NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE...Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to the public....

2011-10-01

135

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206...NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE...Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to the public....

2010-10-01

136

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

...2014-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206...NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE...Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to the public....

2014-10-01

137

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206...NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE...Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to the public....

2012-10-01

138

45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206...NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE SUNSHINE...Meetings § 1703.206 Providing information to the public....

2013-10-01

139

Public knowledge and preventive behavior during a large-scale Salmonella outbreak: results from an online survey in the Netherlands  

PubMed Central

Background Food-borne Salmonella infections are a worldwide concern. During a large-scale outbreak, it is important that the public follows preventive advice. To increase compliance, insight in how the public gathers its knowledge and which factors determine whether or not an individual complies with preventive advice is crucial. Methods In 2012, contaminated salmon caused a large Salmonella Thompson outbreak in the Netherlands. During the outbreak, we conducted an online survey (n?=?1,057) to assess the general public’s perceptions, knowledge, preventive behavior and sources of information. Results Respondents perceived Salmonella infections and the 2012 outbreak as severe (m?=?4.21; five-point scale with 5 as severe). Their knowledge regarding common food sources, the incubation period and regular treatment of Salmonella (gastro-enteritis) was relatively low (e.g., only 28.7% knew that Salmonella is not normally treated with antibiotics). Preventive behavior differed widely, and the majority (64.7%) did not check for contaminated salmon at home. Most information about the outbreak was gathered through traditional media and news and newspaper websites. This was mostly determined by time spent on the medium. Social media played a marginal role. Wikipedia seemed a potentially important source of information. Conclusions To persuade the public to take preventive actions, public health organizations should deliver their message primarily through mass media. Wikipedia seems a promising instrument for educating the public about food-borne Salmonella. PMID:24479614

2014-01-01

140

CLSI On-Line Public Catalog Touch Terminal Manual: Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This training manual developed by the Public Access Subcommittee of the Reference Department of Meriam Library (California State University, Chico) provides instructions for using the library's online public catalog by means of a touch terminal which accepts commands in the form of a touch on a particular part of the terminal screen. Author and…

California State Univ., Chico.

141

Online information needs of cancer patients and their organizations.  

PubMed

Increasingly patients, relatives and carers are accessing health information via the internet. However, the health profession and people affected by cancer are becoming concerned with the quality of that information. A European survey was conducted under the auspices of the FP7 European Commission funded Eurocancercoms project during the period September 2010-March 2011. Its aim was to assess current online information needs of people with cancer particularly those who seek information using online social media technologies and the internet more broadly. A literature review was undertaken to gain a greater understanding of health seeking behaviour regarding cancer patients' information needs and patient preferences for accessing different formats and media. This was used to inform the design and validation of online pan-European, multi-lingual questionnaires distributed via patient organizations and via specific Eurocancercoms partner organizations. This paper presents the results of this survey and suggests recommendations to be incorporated into the design of the online platform, ecancerHub, one of the intended outcomes of the Eurocancercoms project following this research. People want a wide variety of easy to find, easy to understand accurate information about cancer and how it is likely to impact on their everyday lives and on those close to them. They differ in the amount and detail of the information they would like and on their ability to identify quality information and understand it sufficiently to base their health-care decisions on. The majority of respondents raised the issue of quality of information and many requested recommendations of websites by the people who usually influence them most, the health professionals involved in their care. PMID:22276067

Maddock, C; Lewis, I; Ahmad, K; Sullivan, R

2011-01-01

142

Online information needs of cancer patients and their organizations  

PubMed Central

Increasingly patients, relatives and carers are accessing health information via the internet. However, the health profession and people affected by cancer are becoming concerned with the quality of that information. A European survey was conducted under the auspices of the FP7 European Commission funded Eurocancercoms project1 during the period September 2010–March 2011. Its aim was to assess current online information needs of people with cancer particularly those who seek information using online social media technologies and the internet more broadly. A literature review was undertaken to gain a greater understanding of health seeking behaviour regarding cancer patients’ information needs and patient preferences for accessing different formats and media. This was used to inform the design and validation of online pan-European, multi-lingual questionnaires distributed via patient organizations and via specific Eurocancercoms partner organizations. This paper presents the results of this survey and suggests recommendations to be incorporated into the design of the online platform, ecancerHub, one of the intended outcomes of the Eurocancercoms project following this research. People want a wide variety of easy to find, easy to understand accurate information about cancer and how it is likely to impact on their everyday lives and on those close to them. They differ in the amount and detail of the information they would like and on their ability to identify quality information and understand it sufficiently to base their health-care decisions on. The majority of respondents raised the issue of quality of information and many requested recommendations of websites by the people who usually influence them most, the health professionals involved in their care. PMID:22276067

Maddock, C; Lewis, I; Ahmad, K; Sullivan, R

2011-01-01

143

Epistemic Metacognition in Context: Evaluating and Learning Online Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined epistemic metacognition as a reflective activity about knowledge and knowing in the context of online information searching on the Web, and whether it was related to prior knowledge on the topic, study approach, and domain-specific beliefs about science. In addition, we investigated whether Internet-based learning was…

Mason, Lucia; Boldrin, Angela; Ariasi, Nicola

2010-01-01

144

ODIN. Online Database Information Network: ODIN Policy & Procedure Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policies and procedures are outlined for the Online Database Information Network (ODIN), a cooperative of libraries in south-central Pennsylvania, which was organized to improve library services through technology. The first section covers organization and goals, members, and responsibilities of the administrative council and libraries. Patrons…

Townley, Charles T.; And Others

145

[Stroke. Public knowledge and information sources].  

PubMed

Modern stroke care requires urgent initiation of treatment. Thus, rapid recognition of cerebrovascular incidents by medical laypersons is mandatory. Accordingly, public knowledge of stroke warning signs and adequate action is very important. Little is known about the level of knowledge among the general public and use and effect of various sources of information. In first aid training programs conducted by the St. John Ambulance in Bavaria, participants were questioned if and from what source they already got information about stroke. Additionally they were asked to list stroke warning signs and to describe what a stroke is. Altogether 532 subjects filled out the questionnaire; 419 stated that they already had heard something about stroke (53.7% male, mean age 29.4 years). Sources of information were: personal experience with affected patients (30.1%), TV/radio (22.1%), newspaper (18.4%) and relatives/friends (17.2%). Subjects with prior information listed significantly more warning signs/symptoms compared with those without previous information (1.76 vs. 0.63; p<0.01). Participants using the source "TV/radio" named fewer warning signs than those using the sources "newspaper" or "affected patients" (p<0.01). Prior information was effective in enhancing knowledge about stroke. However, we found significant differences related to the source of information. Since experiences gathered from personal contact with affected patients were stated most frequently, leading to better knowledge than information gained from mass media, subsequently acute care and rehabilitation would be a good opportunity for providing information about stroke to proxies and visitors of the patients. PMID:15616795

Handschu, R; Babjar, E; Reitmayer, M; Heckmann, J G; Erbguth, F; Neundörfer, B

2005-06-01

146

Patterns of Searching and Success Rates in an Online Public Access Catalog.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 430 users of online catalog at Ohio State University Libraries found that most users are undergraduate students (68 percent) and that majority (95 percent) choose online catalog as first source of information. Fewer performed known-item searches and success rates were generally higher than reported in earlier studies. (8 references)…

Alzofon, Sammy R.; Van Pulis, Noelle

1984-01-01

147

Viral spreading of daily information in online social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We explain a possible mechanism of an information spreading on a network which spreads extremely far from a seed node, namely the viral spreading. On the basis of a model of the information spreading in an online social network, in which the dynamics is expressed as a random multiplicative process of the spreading rates, we will show that the correlation between the spreading rates enhances the chance of the viral spreading, shifting the tipping point at which the spreading goes viral.

Kawamoto, Tatsuro; Hatano, Naomichi

2014-07-01

148

Public Perspectives on Informed Consent for Biobanking  

PubMed Central

The National Institutes of Health and other federal health agencies are considering establishing a national biobank to study the roles of genes and environment in health. We assessed the public's attitudes toward the proposed biobank, including preferences for providing informed consent. Sixteen focus groups were conducted, and themes arising from the focus groups were tested in a large, representative survey (n = 4659) of the general population. Our research demonstrates that when considering participating in a genomic biobank, individuals want ongoing choices and control over access to their samples and information. PMID:19833988

Scott, Joan; Kaufman, David; Geller, Gail; LeRoy, Lisa; Hudson, Kathy

2009-01-01

149

Public perspectives on informed consent for biobanking.  

PubMed

The National Institutes of Health and other federal health agencies are considering establishing a national biobank to study the roles of genes and environment in health. We assessed the public's attitudes toward the proposed biobank, including preferences for providing informed consent. Sixteen focus groups were conducted, and themes arising from the focus groups were tested in a large, representative survey (n=4659) of the general population. Our research demonstrates that when considering participating in a genomic biobank, individuals want ongoing choices and control over access to their samples and information. PMID:19833988

Murphy, Juli; Scott, Joan; Kaufman, David; Geller, Gail; LeRoy, Lisa; Hudson, Kathy

2009-12-01

150

ODLIS: Online Dictionary of Library and Information Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online dictionary, newly updated, provides a glossary of over 1,800 terms related to library and information sciences, with an emphasis on online library science. Once a handout for author Joan Reitz's undergraduate students in library sciences at Western Connecticut State University, the dictionary has expanded over the years to its present substantial HTML incarnation. The entries are well written and professional and should be of use to students, librarians, and even those patrons who are tired of being intimidated by not knowing what exactly "Boolean" or "MARC" mean.

151

Compendium of On-Line Soil Survey Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

D.G. Rossiter from the International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation has compiled the Compendium of On-Line Soil Survey Information. The Soil Survey Institutes & Activities page contains information about and links to soil survey institutes from around the world and the digital soil geographic databases they offer. Example institutes include Scotland's Macaulay Land Use Research Institute, Belgium's Research Team Laboratory for Soil and Water, Romania's Research Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry, the Natural Resources Conservation Service, and many more. Anyone conducting similar research or interested in worldwide soil information will surely appreciate this simple but helpful resource.

Rossiter, D.G. (David G.)

152

Public Dialogue: Analysis of Tolerance in Online Discussions Arjun Mukherjee  

E-print Network

into the psycholinguistic phenomenon of tolerance in online discussions. 1 Introduction Social media platforms have enabled of Illinois at Chicago arjun4787@gmail.com {vvenka6, liub, smeraz}@uic.edu Abstract Social media platforms aspects of tolerance (more details in §2). With the rapid growth of social media, the large volumes

Liu, Bing

153

Interventions to Assist Health Consumers to Find Reliable Online Health Information: A Comprehensive Review  

PubMed Central

Background Health information on the Internet is ubiquitous, and its use by health consumers prevalent. Finding and understanding relevant online health information, and determining content reliability, pose real challenges for many health consumers. Purpose To identify the types of interventions that have been implemented to assist health consumers to find reliable online health information, and where possible, describe and compare the types of outcomes studied. Data Sources PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus and Cochrane Library databases; WorldCat and Scirus ‘gray literature’ search engines; and manual review of reference lists of selected publications. Study Selection Publications were selected by firstly screening title, abstract, and then full text. Data Extraction Seven publications met the inclusion criteria, and were summarized in a data extraction form. The form incorporated the PICOS (Population Intervention Comparators Outcomes and Study Design) Model. Two eligible gray literature papers were also reported. Data Synthesis Relevant data from included studies were tabulated to enable descriptive comparison. A brief critique of each study was included in the tables. This review was unable to follow systematic review methods due to the paucity of research and humanistic interventions reported. Limitations While extensive, the gray literature search may have had limited reach in some countries. The paucity of research on this topic limits conclusions that may be drawn. Conclusions The few eligible studies predominantly adopted a didactic approach to assisting health consumers, whereby consumers were either taught how to find credible websites, or how to use the Internet. Common types of outcomes studied include knowledge and skills pertaining to Internet use and searching for reliable health information. These outcomes were predominantly self-assessed by participants. There is potential for further research to explore other avenues for assisting health consumers to find reliable online health information, and to assess outcomes via objective measures. PMID:24710348

Lee, Kenneth; Hoti, Kreshnik; Hughes, Jeffery D.; Emmerton, Lynne M.

2014-01-01

154

'Meatball searching' - The adversarial approach to online information retrieval  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is proposed that the different styles of online searching can be described as either formal (highly precise) or informal with the needs of the client dictating which is most applicable at a particular moment. The background and personality of the searcher also come into play. Particular attention is focused on meatball searching which is a form of online searching characterized by deliberate vagueness. It requires generally comprehensive searches, often on unusual topics and with tight deadlines. It is most likely to occur in search centers serving many different disciplines and levels of client information sophistication. Various information needs are outlined as well as the laws of meatball searching and the adversarial approach. Traits and characteristics important to sucessful searching include: (1) concept analysis, (2) flexibility of thinking, (3) ability to think in synonyms and (4) anticipation of variant word forms and spellings.

Jack, R. F.

1985-01-01

155

Online writer identification using alphabetic information clustering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Writer identification is a topic of much renewed interest today because of its importance in applications such as writer adaptation, routing of documents and forensic document analysis. Various algorithms have been proposed to handle such tasks. Of particular interests are the approaches that use allographic features [1-3] to perform a comparison of the documents in question. The allographic features are used to define prototypes that model the unique handwriting styles of the individual writers. This paper investigates a novel perspective that takes alphabetic information into consideration when the allographic features are clustered into prototypes at the character level. We hypothesize that alphabetic information provides additional clues which help in the clustering of allographic prototypes. An alphabet information coefficient (AIC) has been introduced in our study and the effect of this coefficient is presented. Our experiments showed an increase of writer identification accuracy from 66.0% to 87.0% when alphabetic information was used in conjunction with allographic features on a database of 200 reference writers.

Tan, Guo Xian; Viard-Gaudin, Christian; Kot, Alex C.

2009-01-01

156

Groundwater Information Network: enabling online access and analysis of Canadian groundwater information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A cornerstone of effective groundwater resource management is access to available groundwater information and tools for analysis, modeling, and eventually decision-making. In Canada, information access is inhibited by the heterogeneous nature of groundwater information, which is collected and maintained by many agencies using different digital structures and contents, and by varying online availability. To overcome these issues, a collaboration of federal and provincial agencies has developed the Groundwater Information Network (GIN, http://gw-info.net). In its first phase, GIN provides a single online data pipeline to the water-well databases hosted by six provincial agencies (British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec and Nova Scotia) and to some key aquifer information hosted by Natural Resources Canada. GIN also provides two online portals that can be used to view, download and analyse the information. At the core of GIN is an online mediator that distributes requests for information to the host databases, and translates the replies into a common format (Groundwater MarkUp Language). This allows the portals to treat the distributed information as a single virtual online repository, one with consistent links back to the original databases. Discussed will be the GIN system, including its architecture, functionality, and portals, as well as its overall role as a point of access to some Canadian groundwater information as well as to related web-mapping and analysis tools.

Brodaric, B.; Sharpe, D.; Boisvert, E.

2009-05-01

157

7 CFR 1945.45 - Public information function.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...in disaster areas. This program should inform farmers and the general public when and where EM loans are available. Also, the information will state the EM loan objectives, eligibility requirements, and type of assistance available. Public...

2010-01-01

158

7 CFR 1945.45 - Public information function.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...in disaster areas. This program should inform farmers and the general public when and where EM loans are available. Also, the information will state the EM loan objectives, eligibility requirements, and type of assistance available. Public...

2011-01-01

159

7 CFR 1945.45 - Public information function.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...in disaster areas. This program should inform farmers and the general public when and where EM loans are available. Also, the information will state the EM loan objectives, eligibility requirements, and type of assistance available. Public...

2012-01-01

160

15 CFR 2006.15 - Information exempt from public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Information exempt from public inspection. 2006.15 Section 2006.15 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating...SECTION 301 OF THE TRADE ACT OF 1974, AS AMENDED § 2006.15 Information exempt from public...

2010-01-01

161

15 CFR 2006.13 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Information open to public inspection. 2006.13 Section 2006.13 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating...SECTION 301 OF THE TRADE ACT OF 1974, AS AMENDED § 2006.13 Information open to public inspection....

2010-01-01

162

49 CFR 220.23 - Publication of radio information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Publication of radio information. 220.23 Section 220...TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD COMMUNICATIONS Radio and Wireless Communication Procedures § 220.23 Publication of radio information. Each railroad shall...

2010-10-01

163

75 FR 54052 - Description of Office, Procedures, and Public Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...personal information that you provide such as name and address information, e-mail addresses, or phone numbers. Comments received, including attachments and other supporting materials, are part of the public record and subject to public...

2010-09-03

164

Emotional and informational support messages in an online hospice support community.  

PubMed

Social support is commonly thought to reduce negative health outcomes for patients and their family members, particularly when experiencing end-of-life issues. Although numerous people turn to hospice when dealing with end-of-life circumstances, many individuals do not have access to or may not be able to use hospice services. As an alternative to traditional hospice, individuals may seek social support in online hospice support communities. Although a large body of research focuses on individual disease/condition-specific communities, to date, online hospice support communities have remained unexplored. This investigation sought to describe how social support was provided within a publicly accessible, online hospice support community located within Yahoo! groups. A content analysis was conducted on 443 messages from 4 months of posts in an online hospice community. During the sample period, 28 community members, ranging from hospice professionals to family members of hospice patients, posted messages. As optimal matching theory may predict, it was found that emotional support interactions were far more frequent than informational support exchanges. Overall, encouragement/support themes were the most common type of emotional support, and medication/treatment themes were the most common type of informational support. PMID:19047885

Buis, Lorraine R

2008-01-01

165

Inform Health Soc Care . Author manuscript Determinants of the frequency of online health information seeking  

E-print Network

Inform Health Soc Care . Author manuscript Page /1 11 Determinants of the frequency of online health information seeking: results of a web-based survey conducted in France in 2007 Emilie Renahy 1 Abstract Objective The Internet is a widespread source of health information

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

166

Experience, Adoption, and Technology: Exploring the Phenomenological Experiences of Faculty Involved in Online Teaching at One School of Public Health  

E-print Network

This phenomenological study explored the experiences of public health faculty, who developed and taught online courses, at one particular school of public health from 2006 to 2009. The goal was to explore and document the experiences of faculty...

Kidd, Terry T.

2012-07-16

167

CRCHD - Patient Navigation Information: Publications, Web Sites, and Applications  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - Patient Navigation Information: Publications, Web Sites, and Applications  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research PNP Background Patient Navigation Information Patient Navigation Concept What Are Patient Navigators? Patient Navigation

168

Is Twitter a Public Sphere for Online Conflicts? A Cross-Ideological and Cross-Hierarchical Look  

E-print Network

The rise in popularity of Twitter has led to a debate on its impact on public opinions. The optimists foresee an increase in online participation and democratization due to social media's personal and interactive nature. Cyber-pessimists, on the other hand, explain how social media can lead to selective exposure and can be used as a disguise for those in power to disseminate biased information. To investigate this debate empirically, we evaluate Twitter as a public sphere using four metrics: equality, diversity, reciprocity and quality. Using these measurements, we analyze the communication patterns between individuals of different hierarchical levels and ideologies. We do this within the context of three diverse conflicts: Israel-Palestine, US Democrats-Republicans, and FC Barcelona-Real Madrid. In all cases, we collect data around a central pair of Twitter accounts representing the two main parties. Our results show in a quantitative manner that Twitter is not an ideal public sphere for democratic conversat...

Liu, Zhe

2014-01-01

169

Online Public Health Preparedness Training Programs: An Evaluation of User Experience with the Technological Environment  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Several public health education programs and government agencies across the country have started offering virtual or online training programs in emergency preparedness for people who are likely to be involved in managing or responding to different types of emergency situations such as natural disasters, epidemics, bioterrorism, etc. While such online training programs are more convenient and cost-effective than traditional classroom-based programs, their success depends to a great extent on the underlying technological environment. Specifically, in an online technological environment, different types of user experiences come in to play—users’ utilitarian or pragmatic experience, their fun or hedonic experience, their social experience, and most importantly, their usability experience—and these different user experiences critically shape the program outcomes, including course completion rates. This study adopts a multi-disciplinary approach and draws on theories in human computer interaction, distance learning theories, usability research, and online consumer behavior to evaluate users’ experience with the technological environment of an online emergency preparedness training program and discusses its implications for the design of effective online training programs. . Methods: Data was collected using a questionnaire from 377 subjects who had registered for and participated in online public health preparedness training courses offered by a large public university in the Northeast. Results: Analysis of the data indicates that as predicted, participants had higher levels of pragmatic and usability experiences compared to their hedonic and sociability experiences. Results also indicate that people who experienced higher levels of pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences were more likely to complete the course(s) they registered for compared to those who reported lower levels. Discussion: The study findings hold important implications for the design of effective online emergency preparedness training targeted at diverse audiences including the general public, health care and public health professionals, and emergency responders. Strategies for improving participants’ pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences are outlined. Conclusion: There are ample opportunities to improve the pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences of the target audience. This is critical to improve the participants’ learning and retention as well as the completion rates for the courses offered. Online emergency preparedness programs are likely to play a crucial role in preparing emergency responders at all levels in the future and their success has critical implications for public health informatics. PMID:23569595

Nambisan, Priya

2010-01-01

170

Improving the Public Health Information Network through Semantic Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) created the Public Health Information Network to advance fully capable, interoperable information systems in public health organizations. PHIN prioritizes public health information systems' functional requirements, capabilities, performance measures, and operational characteristics while letting the architects of those systems choose enabling approaches, methods, and concepts to meet the requirements. PHIN also provides

Parsa Mirhaji; Dean Allemang; Robert Coyne; S. Ward Casscells

2007-01-01

171

78 FR 39957 - Availability of Non-Public Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Part 1214 RIN 2590-AA06 Availability of Non-Public Information AGENCY: Federal Housing...final rule governing the disclosure of FHFA non-public information. The final rule replaces...prohibits the unauthorized disclosure of FHFA non-public information, replaces the...

2013-07-03

172

On-Line Handwriting Character Recognition Using Stroke Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the purpose of improvement in computational time and recognition accuracy in the framework of stroke order- and number-free\\u000a on-line handwriting character recognition, we performed structural analysis of the style of stroke order and stroke connection.\\u000a From the real handwritten characters, chosen from among 2965 Chinese characters, we investigated the information on stroke\\u000a order and connection, using the automatic stroke

Jungpil Shin

2002-01-01

173

Emotions, Public Opinion, and U.S. Presidential Approval Rates: A 5-Year Analysis of Online Political Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how emotional reactions to political events shape public opinion. We analyze political discussions in which people voluntarily engage online to approximate the public agenda: Online discussions offer a natural approach to the salience of political issues and the means to analyze emotional reactions as political events take…

Gonzalez-Bailon, Sandra; Banchs, Rafael E.; Kaltenbrunner, Andreas

2012-01-01

174

Evaluation of online health information on clubfoot using the DISCERN tool.  

PubMed

The Internet has become a major source of health information on various aspects of clubfoot diagnosis and management. The World Wide Web becomes the first knowledge portal for a large number of anxious parents seeking information on clubfoot. Thus, a good quality webpage should provide necessary and comprehensive information on clubfoot so as to establish clarity in treatment options, compliance and bracing protocols. In contrast, modest quality information can induce bias and poor follow-up. We objectively evaluated online health information on clubfoot using the DISCERN tool. Using the universal search engine, Google, we conducted a Boolean search for the term 'clubfoot'. Only the first 50 sites providing health information on clubfoot were included in the study. We examined 334 links to include 50 of them. During analysis three websites were excluded because of duplication of content leaving 47 websites that were examined using the DISCERN tool. As per this tool, a score of less than 40% was graded as 'poor', 40-79% as 'fair' and at least 80% as 'good', whereas the overall quality was graded as 'low', 'moderate' and 'high' on similar standards. The overall quality of the publication was 'low' in 40% (19) websites, 'moderate' in 28% (13) and 'high' in 32% (15) of the websites we evaluated. Six (13%) of the publications showed good reliability; 25 (54%) showed fair reliability and 16 (33%) were unreliable. With regard to the quality of information on treatment choices, 44.7% (21) were 'good', 46.8% (22) were 'fair' and 8.5% (four) were 'poor'. We conclude that the quality of websites providing online health information on clubfoot needs significant improvement with emphasis on a universally acceptable template for disease information. PMID:24048196

Kumar, Venkatesan S; Subramani, Suresh; Veerapan, Senthil; Khan, Shah A

2014-03-01

175

A feedback control approach to maintain consumer information load in online shopping environments  

E-print Network

A feedback control approach to maintain consumer information load in online shopping environments of online shopping. The negative impact of increased information overload in such environments affects varies from person to person. To accommodate such variation, online shopping websites are moving from

Ahmad, Sajjad

176

Students' trust judgements in online health information seeking.  

PubMed

As one of the most active groups of Internet users, students and other young people are active users of digital health information. Yet, research into young people's evaluation of health information is limited, and no previous studies have focused on trust formation. In addition, prior studies on adults' use of digital information do not reach a consensus regarding the key factors in trust formation. This study seeks to address this gap. A questionnaire-based survey was used to collect data from undergraduate students studying a variety of disciplines in one UK university. The Trust in Online Health Information Scale is proposed, and it includes the following dimensions: authority, style, content, usefulness, brand, ease of use, recommendation, credibility, and verification. In addition, inspection of responses to specific items/questions provides further insights into aspects of the information that were of specific importance in influencing trust judgements. PMID:25193449

Rowley, Jennifer; Johnson, Frances; Sbaffi, Laura

2014-09-01

177

A Study of an Online Catalog from a Public Services Perspective. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New York University (NYU) Libraries received a 1-year grant from the Association of Research Libraries to study users' responses to its recently installed Geac online catalog, Bobcat (Bobst Library Computerized Catalog). The survey instrument, developed for Council on Library Resources (CLR)-funded national study of responses to public access…

Kranich, Nancy C.; And Others

178

NATURE MATERIALS | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturematerials 1 news & views  

E-print Network

NATURE MATERIALS | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturematerials 1 news & views S kin-human' in the science- fiction movie Metropolis or the sentient android Data in Star Trek. Engineers and materials coloured pixels were realized on a polyimide substrate, resulting in a free-standing, flexible electronic

Rogers, John A.

179

NATURE PHYSICS | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturephysics 1 news & views  

E-print Network

NATURE PHYSICS | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturephysics 1 news & views E, and how is the extremely small drop size achieved? Looking at frames from a high-speed movie -- taken to a very small region close to the surface of the cavity. It is a curious property of flow near a free

Eggers, Jens

180

Web-Based Online Public Access Catalogues of IIT Libraries in India: An Evaluative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to examine the various features and components of web-based online public access catalogues (OPACs) of IIT libraries in India with the help of a specially designed evaluation checklist. Design/methodology/approach: The various features of the web-based OPACs in six IIT libraries (IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT…

Madhusudhan, Margam; Aggarwal, Shalini

2011-01-01

181

Principal Perceptions about the Implementation and Effectiveness of Online Learning in Public High Schools in Indiana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine the principal perceptions and demographic relationship of the implementation and effectiveness of online learning in non-charter Indiana public high schools. An analysis was prepared to determine whether demographic factors played a role in the principal's perceptions of the implementation…

Rayle, Timothy W.

2011-01-01

182

Published online in Addiction The original publication is available at www3.interscience.wiley.com  

E-print Network

1/29 Published online in Addiction The original publication is available at www3.interscience Author manuscript, published in "Addiction 2010;105(6):1018-29" DOI : 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.02910.x and relative risks for all-cause mortality were obtained through literature searches. All-cause and cause

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

183

A statewide decentralized public drug information system.  

PubMed

A statewide drug information system designed to assist consumers and health professionals is described, with emphasis on the training of pharmacists in the system's satellites. The development of the system was initially funded by a 10-month, $12,500 grant from the Chemical Dependency Division of the State of Minnesota Department of Public Welfare. Twenty-one satellite drug information centers in community or hospital pharmacies are linked by a WATS telephone line to the library of the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy. Consumers' questions are handled through the satellites with the pharmacists there referring to the central information source as needed. All the pharmacists in the system are trained in a one and one-half day program that covers (1) consultation skills, (2) communication skills, (3) drug information retrieval and distribution, (4) practical applications, (5) promotion, and (6) resources and referrals. The average amount of time devoted to the service for all pharmacy sites is 15-20 minutes per day. Percentage of time that specific resources are used include one's own knowledge and experience, 64.8%; a fellow pharmacist, 5.7%; another resource individual, 5.1%; a standard pharmacy reference book, 13.4%; the central clearinghouse at the college, 6.2%; and another resource facility, 4.8%. The authors believe that their system can be easily adapted to other areas. PMID:7416176

Montagne, M; Clute, S S; McKennell, T

1980-09-01

184

14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.  

...AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.104 Public information coordination...from a decision to proceed or not proceed with the issuance of a news release or other type of public information will be...

2014-01-01

185

14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.104 Public information coordination...from a decision to proceed or not proceed with the issuance of a news release or other type of public information will be...

2012-01-01

186

14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.104 Public information coordination...from a decision to proceed or not proceed with the issuance of a news release or other type of public information will be...

2013-01-01

187

14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.104 Public information coordination...from a decision to proceed or not proceed with the issuance of a news release or other type of public information will be...

2011-01-01

188

7 CFR 1221.123 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. 1221...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations. (a...inventions, trademarks, information, publications, or product formulations...

2010-01-01

189

The Reflective Online Searching Skills (ROSS) Environment: embedding information literacy into student learning through an online environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Reflective Online Searching Skills (ROSS) Environment is an e-learning tool that fosters the development of student skill and knowledge in online searching. It was developed with the support of Faculty of Information Technology and the Teaching and Learning Support Services at the Queensland University of Technology (QUT). In 2007 ROSS is being developed for use within the first year

Helen Partridge; Sylvia Edwards; Andrew Baker; Lynn McAllister

2008-01-01

190

Blogging in an Online Health Information Technology Class  

PubMed Central

In this article we introduce blogs, including their brief history, their current status, and motivations for blogging. We describe how we created a course blog in one online Health information management (HIM) baccalaureate course. We describe three pedagogical purposes (online discussion, digital drop box, and class project management tool) of the course blog. We report the results of our after-class survey on using the blog as a learning tool. Survey results illustrated that 55 percent of the students agree that the blog can be a tool for facilitating learning, 50 percent agree it can be used as a tool for student activities, 60 percent agree it can serve as a medium for reflective thinking and writing, and 60 percent want to see its application in other courses. PMID:18066374

Zeng, Xiaoming; Harris, Susie T

2005-01-01

191

The Public Library as Health Information Resource?.  

E-print Network

?? Public libraries have adapted a variety of services into their institutional missions, including: promoting early literacy, publicly available Internet access, children's summer reading programs,… (more)

Flaherty, Mary Grace

2013-01-01

192

An Exploration of Search Patterns and Credibility Issues among Older Adults Seeking Online Health Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet is an important resource for health information, among younger and older people alike. Unfortunately, there are limitations associated with online health information. Research is needed on the quality of information found online and on whether users are being critical consumers of the information they find. Also, there is a need for…

Robertson-Lang, Laura; Major, Sonya; Hemming, Heather

2011-01-01

193

Information visualization and interactive querying for online documentation and electronic books  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe recent research that we have conducted on the use of information visualization [3] and a new style of query-based browsing [7] to enhance the exploration of online information. Our goal is to increase the performance and usability of online documentation, and of electronic information in general.Information visualization using three dimensional hierarchies provides a convenient way

Mark H. Chignell; Gene Golovchinsky; Ferdie Poblete; Sarah Zuberec

1993-01-01

194

Public Information and Public Involvement. Progress Report, September 1980-March 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This progress report on the Public Information Section of the St. Louis, Missouri public schools covers the period from April to September 1980 and includes a log of events and descriptions of activities related to the implementation of the school desegregation plan. According to this report, the Public Information Section incorporated the…

Cotter, Marian E.

195

36 CFR 1192.121 - Public information system.  

...DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Intercity Rail Cars and Systems § 1192.121 Public information system. (a) Each car shall be equipped with a public address system permitting transportation...

2014-07-01

196

36 CFR 1192.103 - Public information system.  

...DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Commuter Rail Cars and Systems § 1192.103 Public information system. (a) Each car shall be equipped with an interior public address system permitting...

2014-07-01

197

The utilization of Arabic online drug information among adults in Saudi Arabia.  

PubMed

In Saudi Arabia, the utilization of the world wide web has become increasingly popular. However, the exact figure of such use is unknown. This study aimed to determine the percentage of, and experience with, online Arabic drug information by Arabic-speaking adults in Saudi Arabia. A web based questionnaire was used. The questionnaire language was Arabic. Public were invited to participate in the survey through e-mails, Twitter, WhatsApp and Facebook in March 2012. The survey included 17 items examining the types of accessed Arabic drug information, the respondent's demographics, their ability to easily find and understand Arabic drug-related information, and their trustfulness and dependency on such information websites. Of the 422 Arabic speaking adults who answered the questionnaire, 88% stated that they used Arabic websites to answer drug-related questions. Of the respondents, 50% had a bachelor's degree, 44% were young adults, over half were female (60%), and 72% of them have a chronic disease. The ease of retrieving online information was the most common reason (69%) for consulting such websites. Google as a search engine was the most frequently (86%) accessible website. Although respondents reported different drug-related topics in their online searching, the search for adverse effects was the most common (68%). Respondents claimed that they could easily find (65%) and understand (49%) the drug-related information. Although a good number of respondents qualified this type of information as good, double-checking of information on other websites was highly recommended. Trustfulness was one of the important parameters to measure and 205 respondents (55%) claimed that they only trusted half of the information cited. Moreover, around 48% of respondents considered that finding the same information on more than one website increased its trustfulness. Surprisingly, 54% of respondents did not depend on Arabic information websites when making decisions on drug use. There are a high proportion of Arabic speaking people in Saudi Arabia using and consulting Arabic drug information websites. This information is easily found and understood. However, the quality and trustfulness of such websites are not high enough to depend on them. A qualified Arabic drug information website is important to meet this need. PMID:23960806

Abanmy, Norah O; Al-Quait, Nouf A; Alami, Amani H; Al-Juhani, Meshaal H; Al-Aqeel, Sinaa

2012-10-01

198

Sources of Information and Behavioral Patterns in Online Health Forums: Observational Study  

PubMed Central

Background Increasing numbers of patients are raising their voice in online forums. This shift is welcome as an act of patient autonomy, reflected in the term “expert patient”. At the same time, there is considerable concern that patients can be easily misguided by pseudoscientific research and debate. Little is known about the sources of information used in health-related online forums, how users apply this information, and how they behave in such forums. Objective The intent of the study was to identify (1) the sources of information used in online health-related forums, and (2) the roles and behavior of active forum visitors in introducing and disseminating this information. Methods This observational study used the largest German multiple sclerosis (MS) online forum as a database, analyzing the user debate about the recently proposed and controversial Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency (CCSVI) hypothesis. After extracting all posts and then filtering relevant CCSVI posts between 01 January 2008 and 17 August 2012, we first identified hyperlinks to scientific publications and other information sources used or referenced in the posts. Employing k-means clustering, we then analyzed the users’ preference for sources of information and their general posting habits. Results Of 139,912 posts from 11,997 threads, 8628 posts discussed or at least mentioned CCSVI. We detected hyperlinks pointing to CCSVI-related scientific publications in 31 posts. In contrast, 2829 different URLs were posted to the forum, most frequently referring to social media, such as YouTube or Facebook. We identified a total of 6 different roles of hyperlink posters including Social Media Fans, Organization Followers, and Balanced Source Users. Apart from the large and nonspecific residual category of the “average user”, several specific behavior patterns were identified, such as the small but relevant groups of CCSVI-Focused Responders or CCSVI Activators. Conclusions The bulk of the observed contributions were not based on scientific results, but on various social media sources. These sources seem to contain mostly opinions and personal experience. A small group of people with distinct behavioral patterns played a core role in fuelling the discussion about CCSVI. PMID:24425598

Friede, Tim; Grabowski, Jens; Koschack, Janka; Makedonski, Philip; Himmel, Wolfgang

2014-01-01

199

e-MIR2: a public online inventory of medical informatics resources  

PubMed Central

Background Over the past years, the number of available informatics resources in medicine has grown exponentially. While specific inventories of such resources have already begun to be developed for Bioinformatics (BI), comparable inventories are as yet not available for the Medical Informatics (MI) field, so that locating and accessing them currently remains a difficult and time-consuming task. Description We have created a repository of MI resources from the scientific literature, providing free access to its contents through a web-based service. We define informatics resources as all those elements that constitute, serve to define or are used by informatics systems, ranging from architectures or development methodologies to terminologies, vocabularies, databases or tools. Relevant information describing the resources is automatically extracted from manuscripts published in top-ranked MI journals. We used a pattern matching approach to detect the resources’ names and their main features. Detected resources are classified according to three different criteria: functionality, resource type and domain. To facilitate these tasks, we have built three different classification schemas by following a novel approach based on folksonomies and social tagging. We adopted the terminology most frequently used by MI researchers in their publications to create the concepts and hierarchical relationships belonging to the classification schemas. The classification algorithm identifies the categories associated with resources and annotates them accordingly. The database is then populated with this data after manual curation and validation. Conclusions We have created an online repository of MI resources to assist researchers in locating and accessing the most suitable resources to perform specific tasks. The database contains 609 resources at the time of writing and is available at http://www.gib.fi.upm.es/eMIR2. We are continuing to expand the number of available resources by taking into account further publications as well as suggestions from users and resource developers. PMID:22857741

2012-01-01

200

Public Information for All: An Interview with Carl Malamud  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the early 1990s, Carl Malamud has made it his business to return to the public what is rightfully theirs: free access to public information. Despite legislation that mandates such access to government information, some categories of information have been excluded, notable among them court opinions (with the exception of the U.S. Supreme…

Rabina, Debbie

2010-01-01

201

Clearing the smog? Public responses to air?quality information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent perspectives on public responses to environmental and risk communication have emphasised the interpretation, judgement and ‘sense?making’ that takes place when lay audiences receive information and advice. In this paper we consider the public reception given to air?quality information in the UK as one example of a government information and communication initiative. Drawing on elements of a wider research project

Karen Bickerstaff; Gordon Walker

1999-01-01

202

Portsmouth Herald Local News: Project54 innovations enhance public safety Archives Business Entertainment Health Living Maine News Online Only Public Records Sports Tourism Travel  

E-print Network

Entertainment Health Living Maine News Online Only Public Records Sports Tourism Travel Click Here Shop Records Sports Tourism Travel emergency vehicles equipped with Project54, including a fire truck from

New Hampshire, University of

203

The U.S. Conference of Mayors: Online Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many urban areas are faced with similar problems, and it makes sense that many mayors in the United States have joined forces with The U.S. Conference of Mayors in order to speak with a unified voice about the issues that urban areas struggle with on a regular basis. With that in mind, the Conference of Mayors has put together this sage site which contains a diverse set of policy publications and attendant prescriptions addressing everything from brownfields to climate protection. The papers are organized chronologically and they date back to 1993. All told, there are over 50 papers available here and some of the more recent titles include a report on hunger and homelessness in American cities and an omnibus survey on cities' water management policies.

2008-01-01

204

Improving on-line information for potential living kidney donors.  

PubMed

Individuals who consider becoming living kidney donors often search the internet for reliable information before contacting the transplant center. The quality of such information requires due consideration. Using the search engines Google and Yahoo and the WebMD information portal, two reviewers independently abstracted data on the classification, readability, and general quality of websites. The coverage and accuracy of each site's discussion of the risks, benefits, and process of living donation was also assessed against a checklist of recommended information. Eighty-six unique websites on living kidney donation were found. Most were created by transplant programs and transplant organizations. Although the content of most sites was accurate, almost all (98%) were written above the recommended patient reading level (i.e., fifth grade). On average, each site covered 38% of the recommended information on living donation (range 8-76%). Educational topics of potential long-term medical risks, psychological risks, and expected benefits to the donor were often missing. The most visited websites were often not ranked among the best sites to provide information. By better understanding the nature of on-line information, transplant professionals can direct their patients to the best available websites. Local educational efforts, including the effective use of internet resources, will ensure living donation and complete understanding of the risks by potential donors and recipients. PMID:17361119

Moody, E M; Clemens, K K; Storsley, L; Waterman, A; Parikh, C R; Garg, A X

2007-05-01

205

The Effect of Online Privacy Information on Purchasing Behavior: An Experimental Study  

E-print Network

with online shopping, and we conducted an experiment in which participants had to make purchase decisions that would directly affect their privacy. We framed the experiment as an online shopping experienceThe Effect of Online Privacy Information on Purchasing Behavior: An Experimental Study Janice Tsai

Sadeh, Norman M.

206

Improving Access to Public Health Information: A Study of Information Needs in a State Health Department  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Public health challenges can be better addressed if credible information about health risks and effective public health practices is readily available. The need for improved access to evidence-based public health information has been recognized by public health practitioners, researchers, policy makers, and librarians.\\u000aObjective: To understand the information needs of the public health workforce and to improve access to

E. Hatheway Simpson; Nancy R. LaPelle; Elaine Russo Martin

2006-01-01

207

Using Health Information Exchange to Improve Public Health  

PubMed Central

Public health relies on data reported by health care partners, and information technology makes such reporting easier than ever. However, data are often structured according to a variety of different terminologies and formats, making data interfaces complex and costly. As one strategy to address these challenges, health information organizations (HIOs) have been established to allow secure, integrated sharing of clinical information among numerous stakeholders, including clinical partners and public health, through health information exchange (HIE). We give detailed descriptions of 11 typical cases in which HIOs can be used for public health purposes. We believe that HIOs, and HIE in general, can improve the efficiency and quality of public health reporting, facilitate public health investigation, improve emergency response, and enable public health to communicate information to the clinical community. PMID:21330598

Mostashari, Farzad; Hripcsak, George; Soulakis, Nicholas; Kuperman, Gilad

2011-01-01

208

A brief introduction on training and public information of building energy codes in the U.S.  

SciTech Connect

This report is associated with the project of Implementation of Building Energy Codes in China (55793). The report aims to give Chinese audience a brief introduction on training and public information activities of building energy codes in the U.S. The report contains four sections: Section One is about the development history and implementation of building energy codes in the U.S. Section Two is about the organizations of training and public information activities, mainly focused on ASHRAE, ICC, federal and state government. Policy implication, which is Section Three, addresses the role of federal government and on-line training and public information activities in promoting training and public information (the current China training system lacks strong support of central government and on-line training activities). Conclusions are made in Section Four. This report will be uploaded to an upcoming Chinese website which is devoted to provide first-time free on-line training and public information of building energy codes in China.

Shui, Bin

2010-12-01

209

21 CFR 5.1110 - FDA public information offices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...301-827-6860. (b) Division of Freedom of Information . The Freedom of Information public room is located...Telephone: 301-827-6567. (c) Press Relations Staff . Press offices are located in White Oak Bldg....

2010-04-01

210

21 CFR 5.1110 - FDA public information offices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...301-827-6860. (b) Division of Freedom of Information. The Division of Freedom of Information public room is located...Telephone: 301-796-3900. (c) Press Relations Staff. Press offices are located in White Oak...

2013-04-01

211

21 CFR 5.1110 - FDA public information offices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...301-827-6860. (b) Division of Freedom of Information . The Freedom of Information public room is located...Telephone: 301-827-6567. (c) Press Relations Staff . Press offices are located in White Oak Bldg....

2011-04-01

212

21 CFR 5.1110 - FDA public information offices.  

...301-827-6860. (b) Division of Freedom of Information. The Division of Freedom of Information public room is located...Telephone: 301-796-3900. (c) Press Relations Staff. Press offices are located in White Oak...

2014-04-01

213

EDGAR Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

IPO Express is a new database of over 2,500 initial public offer filings from EDGAR Online. Users can search by industry, company, underwriter, or geographic location and retrieve details on the offer, principle shareholders, and competitors in addition to other relevant company information.

214

Online physical activity information: will typical users find quality information?  

PubMed

This study evaluated physical activity Web sites to determine quality, accuracy, and consistency with principles of the extended parallel process model (EPPM). Three keyword searches were conducted using 4 search engines to find a sample of N = 41 Web sites. Three raters evaluated the Web sites using the JAMA benchmarks to assess quality and American College of Sports Medicine and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations for physical activity to determine accuracy, as well as checking for inclusion of EPPM variables. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and analysis of variance with least squares means. Only 22% of the sites were high quality, none were highly accurate, and most were consistent with the EPPM. Quality ratings were weakly associated with accuracy. Educational and .net sites were rated significantly higher in quality and accuracy, and government sites were most consistent with the EPPM. Quality Web sites were more often found by using Yahoo and Google. "Exercise" yielded more accurate results, whereas "physical activity" and "fitness" produced more Web sites consistent with the EPPM. It is encouraging that most sites incorporated EPPM concepts; however, quality and accuracy were poor, leaving physical activity information seekers at risk for disease and injury. PMID:19280460

Bonnar-Kidd, Kelly K; Black, David R; Mattson, Marifran; Coster, Dan

2009-03-01

215

Exploring the online satisfaction gap of medical doctors: an expectation-confirmation investigation of information needs.  

PubMed

This research explores the satisfaction gap between the expectations of medical doctors when using the Internet to search for health-related information, and the confirmations they receive following the use of specific information sources to meet their information needs. We executed a quantitative study on 303 medical doctors to capture their online information-seeking behavior. Results suggest that authoritative online information sources are strongly related with the derived satisfaction of medical doctors' online information needs, whilst expectation fulfillment is not related with usage of non-authoritative sources. Nevertheless, doctors' perceptions regarding the information quality of online sources, and discerning personal constraints regarding Internet use, moderate the relationship between online source usage and the effectuation of their expectations. PMID:25417027

Kourouthanassis, Panos E; Mikalef, Patrick; Ioannidou, Margarita; Pateli, Adamantia

2015-01-01

216

EXTENDING ENVIRONMENTAL SURVEILLANCE TO USEFUL PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public Health Applications in Remote Sensing (PHAiRS) is addressing: (1) an atmospheric dust modeling system into which Earth observation (EO) data have been assimilated, and (2) a public health information system that is designed to link environmental data to aggregated health outcome data provided by the New Mexico Department of Health and other public health authorities. The objective is to

Stanley A. Morain; Amelia M. Budge

2008-01-01

217

The Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Preparedness Initiative  

PubMed Central

The Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Preparedness initiative strives to implement, on an accelerated pace, a consistent national network of information systems that will support public health in being prepared for public health emergencies. Using the principles and practices of the broader PHIN initiative, PHIN Preparedness concentrates in the short term on ensuring that all public health jurisdictions have, or have access to, systems to accomplish known preparedness functions. The PHIN Preparedness initiative defines functional requirements, technical standards and specifications, and a process to achieve consistency and interconnectedness of preparedness systems across public health. PMID:16221945

Loonsk, John W.; McGarvey, Sunanda R.; Conn, Laura A.; Johnson, Jennifer

2006-01-01

218

76 FR 1137 - Publicly Available Consumer Product Safety Information Database: Notice of Public Web Conferences  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Database: Notice of Public Web Conferences AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...or ``we'') is announcing two Web conferences to demonstrate to interested...information database (``Database''). The Web conferences will be webcast live from...

2011-01-07

219

Information Technology and Value Creation in the Public Sector Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this dissertation, I study the performance impact of information technology (IT) investments in the public sector. IT has been one of the key assets in public administration since the early MIS era. Even though the information systems (IS) discipline has witnessed a considerable amount of research efforts on the subject of IT business value for…

Pang, Min-Seok

2011-01-01

220

Information systems security in the Greek public sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

The security aspects of public sector information systems are important as the respective systems are often part of critical infrastructures or deal with personal or sensitive data. A set of 53 Greek public sector organizations were investigated by means of a structured questionnaire concerning important aspects of information systems security. We present the relevant theoretical background, the methodology of our

Euripidis Loukis; Diomidis Spinellis

2001-01-01

221

Community Information Services in New South Wales Public Libraries: Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A result of Australia's Community Information Sharing Service (CISS) study of community information services currently being provided by public libraries in New South Wales, this report (one of three) presents five general principles which can assist public libraries with decisions about their response to the issue of the provision of community…

Lovelace, Eugenia

222

18 CFR 38.2 - Communication and information sharing among public utilities and pipelines.  

...information sharing among public utilities and pipelines. 38.2 Section 38.2 Conservation...information sharing among public utilities and pipelines. (a) Any public utility that...non-public, operational information with a pipeline, as defined in §...

2014-04-01

223

The application of information technology in the teaching of veterinary epidemiology and public health.  

PubMed

Information technology (IT) is an imprecise term currently used to describe computer-based techniques for data manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. IT possesses several characteristics that promote meaningful learning, including (1) just-in-time, personalized; (2) student-centered versus teacher-centric; (3) self-paced; (4) anytime, anywhere; and (5) discovery (through bibliographic and other information searches). However, if done improperly, IT-based teaching can be counterproductive. Factors to consider when evaluating the effectiveness of IT-based teaching methods include (1) content, (2) learning, (3) delivery support, (4) usability, and (5) technological. IT has been used to support instruction in epidemiology and public health at many levels, ranging from basic computer literacy to hands-on training in epidemiological methods through computer-based problem sets, case workups, outbreak investigations, and tutorials. Online quizzes based on articles selected from practice-oriented journals have been used to promote evidence-based medicine skills, including the critical evaluation of medical claims. As online access and delivery improve, opportunities for substantive online education and lifelong learning through IT have expanded. One of the most novel and comprehensive implementations of collaborative online sharing of educational content in epidemiology and public health is the Epidemiology Supercourse (http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/). More than 9,000 faculty from 118 countries have contributed to an online library of more than 700 lectures with quality control and adherence to accepted pedagogic principles. The goal is to improve teaching and research in epidemiology and public health worldwide. Although the focus is on human medicine, the concepts, methods, and principles can easily be applied to veterinary medicine. The Association for Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine (AVEPM) seeks to heighten awareness of issues in veterinary epidemiology and public health education among veterinary educators through various forums, symposia, and workshops. The AVEPM Web site (http://www.cvm.uiuc.edu/avepm/) includes a listing of educational software and Web sites supporting epidemiology and public health education. PMID:14976620

Smith, Ronald D

2003-01-01

224

Online Information Searching Strategy Inventory (OISSI): A Quick Version and a Complete Version  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study developed an instrument to evaluate student online information searching strategies based on a framework comprising three domains and seven aspects. Two versions of the Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), including both quick and complete versions, were finally established and exhibited good validities and…

Tsai, Meng-Jung

2009-01-01

225

Hobby-Related Information-Seeking Behaviour of Highly Dedicated Online Museum Visitors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper explores the characteristics of online museum visitors in an everyday life, information-seeking context. Method: A triangulation of research methods was applied. A Web questionnaire survey gave initial, quantitative information about online museum visitors to a military museum. Follow-up interviews (n = 24) obtained rich,…

Skov, Mette

2013-01-01

226

University Students' Online Academic Help Seeking: The Role of Self-Regulation and Information Commitments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' online academic help seeking (OAHS) can be facilitated by the aid of technology, but improvement in OAHS may also involve personal variables such as self-regulated learning (SRL), and "information commitments" (ICs), which are evaluative standards and strategies of online information. Accordingly, three instruments--an OAHS, an SRL, and…

Cheng, Kun-Hung; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2013-01-01

227

Examining Information Sharing and Relationship Building in Online Social Networks: An Emergent Analytic Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of collaborative information use in electronic environments suggest that virtual communities share characteristics with face-to-face communities. The authors expand on an existing model to present an analytic framework for examining online social networks. The framework emphasizes the information sharing behaviors that are critical in building critical relationships in these online communities. Résumé : Les études sur l'utilisation collaborative de

228

APS/EK10599 Weak Ties: Subtle Role of Information Diffusion in Online Social Networks  

E-print Network

APS/EK10599 Weak Ties: Subtle Role of Information Diffusion in Online Social Networks Jichang Zhao the structure is coupled with the diffusion in online social networks from the view of weak ties. Through research results, selecting weak ties preferentially to republish cannot make the information diffuse

Xu, Ke

229

Learners' Perceived Information Overload in Online Learning via Computer-Mediated Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies report information overload as one of the main problems that students encounter in online learning via computer-mediated communication. This study aimed to explore the sources of online students' information overload and offer suggestions for increasing students' cognitive resources for learning. Participants were 12 graduate students…

Chen, Chun-Ying; Pedersen, Susan; Murphy, Karen L.

2011-01-01

230

The Business Information Services: Old-Line Online Moves to the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the availability of free information on the World Wide Web has placed traditional, fee-based proprietary online services on the defensive, most major online business services are now on the Web. Highlights several business information providers: Profound, NewsNet and ProQuest Direct, Dow Jones and Wall Street Journal Interactive Edition,…

O'Leary, Mick

1997-01-01

231

Adolescent Health Literacy: The Importance of Credible Sources for Online Health Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Little research has examined adolescent health literacy and its relationship with online health information sources. The purpose of this study is to explore health literacy among a predominantly Hispanic adolescent population and to investigate whether exposure to a credible source of online health information, MedlinePlus[R], is…

Ghaddar, Suad F.; Valerio, Melissa A.; Garcia, Carolyn M.; Hansen, Lucy

2012-01-01

232

Remote field trips and on-line exhibitions: public understanding of research projects at the Exploratorium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science museums and science centers provide an opportunity for students and members of the general public to explore the world of science and technology through exhibits, objects and public programs. But it is often difficult to present the flavor and atmosphere of current scientific exploration in a museum setting. Recent advances in technology have facilitated the development of remote field trips to places of science creation and online exhibitions using the actual data of science research for both an on site and on line audiences. Over the past five years the Exploratorium has explored using its museum design sensibilities in combination with the Internet to present current scientific research to a broad public and school audience. Live @ the Exploratorium combines remote production from interesting scientific locations with a live studio audience on the museum’s exhibit floor to create Webcasts and Websites which provide an on-line audience with a unique fieldtrip experience. This program has visited research laboratories in Antarctica, field sites along the San Andrea Fault in California, and the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore that operates the Hubble Space Telescope. The Research Explorer project uses museum exhibit interpretive skills to create an on-line exhibition on current research data in global climate change or solar activity by providing a window onto the actual dynamic research activity available on the Web. In both of these projects the museum makes use of its content, pedagogy and design capabilities to act as a mediator between the world of science and the world of the public.

Semper, R.; Hawkins, I.

2003-04-01

233

Provision of Ubiquitous Tourist Information in Public Transport Networks  

PubMed Central

This paper outlines an information system for tourists using collective public transport based on mobile devices with limited computation and wireless connection capacities. In this system, the mobile device collaborates with the vehicle infrastructure in order to provide the user with multimedia (visual and audio) information about his/her trip. The information delivered, adapted to the user preferences, is synchronized with the passage of vehicles through points of interest along the route, for example: bus stops, tourist sights, public service centres, etc.

García, Carmelo R.; Pérez, Ricardo; Alayón, Francisco; Quesada-Arencibia, Alexis; Padrón, Gabino

2012-01-01

234

Information Center Complex publications and presentations, 1971-1980  

SciTech Connect

This indexed bibliography lists publications and presentations of the Information Center Complex, Information Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, from 1971 through 1980. The 659 entries cover such topics as toxicology, air and water pollution, management and transportation of hazardous wastes, energy resources and conservation, and information science. Publications range in length from 1 page to 3502 pages and include topical reports, books, journal articles, fact sheets, and newsletters. Author, title, and group indexes are provided. Annual updates are planned.

Gill, A.B.; Hawthorne, S.W.

1981-08-01

235

Online particle physics information 1 Updated Jan. 2012 by T. Basaglia (CERN), A. Holtkamp (CERN).  

E-print Network

Online particle physics information 1 Updated Jan. 2012 by T. Basaglia (CERN), A. Holtkamp (CERN (PDG) resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3. Particle Physics Information Platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 4. Literature Databases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 5. Particle Physics

236

29 CFR 8.18 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...proceedings of the Board and decisions of the Board shall be made available for public inspection during usual business hours at the Office of the Administrative Review Board, U.S. Department of Labor, Washington, DC...

2010-07-01

237

26 CFR 301.6104(b)-1 - Publicity of information on certain information returns.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Publicity of information on certain information returns. 301.6104(b)-1 Section 301...ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records §...

2013-04-01

238

The Northwest Public Health Information Exchange’s Accomplishments in Connecting a Health Information Exchange with Public Health  

PubMed Central

In 2007 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a Request for Proposal for the “Situational Awareness through Health Information Exchange” project. The Situational Awareness project’s goals are to connect public health with health information exchanges (HIEs) to improve public health’s real-time understanding of communities’ population health and healthcare facility status. During this same time period the Health and Human Services’ Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology released several reports identifying the growing number of communities involved in health information exchange and outlining the requirements for a Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN). CDC saw the possibilities of using HIEs and the NHIN to accelerate the real-time sharing of clinical and facility-based resource utilization information to enhance local, state, regional, and federal public health in responding to and managing potentially catastrophic infectious disease outbreaks and other public health emergencies. HIEs would provide a unified view of a patient across health care providers and would serve as data collection points for clinical and resource utilization data while NHIN services and standards would be used to capture HIE data of importance and send those data to public health. This article discusses how automated syndromic surveillance data feeds have proven more stable and representative than existing surveillance data feeds and summarizes other accomplishments of the Northwest Public Health Information Exchange in its contribution to the advancement of the National agenda for sharing interoperable health information with public health. PMID:23569585

Dobbs, D; Trebatoski, M; Revere, D

2010-01-01

239

76 FR 34122 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: NEA/PI Online Performance Reporting System (PRS)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection: NEA/PI Online Performance Reporting System (PRS) ACTION...Title of Information Collection: NEA/PI Online Performance Reporting System (PRS...projects in support of political, economic, education and women's rights reform in 20...

2011-06-10

240

Online Information Exchanges for Parents of Children With a Rare Health Condition: Key Findings From an Online Support Community  

PubMed Central

Background The Internet provides new opportunities for parents of children with difficult illnesses and disabilities to find information and support. The Internet is particularly important for caregivers of children with special needs due to numerous health-related decisions they face. For at-risk populations, online support communities can become key settings and channels for health promotion and communication. Objective This study is an initial exploration of the information-seeking and information-provision processes present in an online support community, which is an area of opportunity and interest for Internet-based medical research and practice. The aim of this study was to explore and describe information-related processes of uncertainty management in relationship to clubfoot. Specifically, the study explored interpersonal communication (information seeking and provision) in an online support community serving the needs of parents of children with clubfoot. Methods The study population consisted of messages posted to an online community by caregivers (parents) of children with clubfoot. The theoretical framework informing the study was the Uncertainty Management Theory (UMT). The study used content analysis to explore and categorize the content of 775 messages. Results Women authored 664 of 775 messages (86%) and men authored 47 messages (6%). Caregivers managed uncertainty through information seeking and provision behaviors that were dynamic and multilayered. The ratio of information-seeking messages to information-provision responses was 1 to 4. All five types of information-seeking behaviors proposed by Brashers’ schema were identified, most of them being correlated. Information seeking using direct questions was found to be positively correlated to self-disclosure (r=.538), offering of a candidate answer (r=.318), and passive information seeking (r=.253). Self-disclosure was found to be positively correlated to provision of a candidate answer (r=.324), second-guessing (r=.149), and passive information seeking (r=.366). Provision of a candidate answer was found to be positively correlated with second-guessing (r=.193) and passive information seeking (r=.223). Second-guessing was found to be positively correlated to passive information seeking (r=.311). All correlations reported above were statistically significant (P<0.01). Of the 775 messages analyzed, 255 (33%) identified a medical professional or institution by name. Detailed medical information was provided in 101 (13%) messages, with the main source of information identified being personal experience rather than medical sources. Conclusion Online communities can be an effective channel for caregivers, especially women, to seek and offer information required for managing clubfoot-related uncertainty. To enhance communication with parents, health care institutions may need to invest additional resources in user-friendly online information sources and online interactions with caregivers of children with special illnesses such as clubfoot. Furthermore, explorations of information-seeking and information-provision behaviors in online communities can provide valuable data for interdisciplinary health research and practice. PMID:23470259

Campo, Shelly; Lowe, John; Andsager, Julie; Morcuende, Jose A

2013-01-01

241

Setting the Public Agenda for Online Health Search: A White Paper and Action Agenda  

PubMed Central

Background Searches for health information are among the most common reasons that consumers use the Internet. Both consumers and quality experts have raised concerns about the quality of information on the Web and the ability of consumers to find accurate information that meets their needs. Objective To produce a national stakeholder-driven agenda for research, technical improvements, and education that will improve the results of consumer searches for health information on the Internet. Methods URAC, a national accreditation organization, and Consumer WebWatch (CWW), a project of Consumers Union (a consumer advocacy organization), conducted a review of factors influencing the results of online health searches. The organizations convened two stakeholder groups of consumers, quality experts, search engine experts, researchers, health-care providers, informatics specialists, and others. Meeting participants reviewed existing information and developed recommendations for improving the results of online consumer searches for health information. Participants were not asked to vote on or endorse the recommendations. Our working definition of a quality Web site was one that contained accurate, reliable, and complete information. Results The Internet has greatly improved access to health information for consumers. There is great variation in how consumers seek information via the Internet, and in how successful they are in searching for health information. Further, there is variation among Web sites, both in quality and accessibility. Many Web site features affect the capability of search engines to find and index them. Conclusions Research is needed to define quality elements of Web sites that could be retrieved by search engines and understand how to meet the needs of different types of searchers. Technological research should seek to develop more sophisticated approaches for tagging information, and to develop searches that "learn" from consumer behavior. Finally, education initiatives are needed to help consumers search more effectively and to help them critically evaluate the information they find. PMID:15249267

D'Andrea, Guy; Lorence, Dan

2004-01-01

242

Emotional Reactions and the Pulse of Public Opinion: Measuring the Impact of Political Events on the Sentiment of Online Discussions  

E-print Network

This paper analyses changes in public opinion by tracking political discussions in which people voluntarily engage online. Unlike polls or surveys, our approach does not elicit opinions but approximates what the public thinks by analysing the discussions in which they decide to take part. We measure the emotional content of online discussions in three dimensions (valence, arousal and dominance), paying special attention to deviation around average values, which we use as a proxy for disagreement and polarisation. We show that this measurement of public opinion helps predict presidential approval rates, suggesting that there is a point of connection between online discussions (often deemed not representative of the overall population) and offline polls. We also show that this measurement provides a deeper understanding of the individual mechanisms that drive aggregated shifts in public opinion. Our data spans a period that includes two US presidential elections, the attacks of September 11, and the start of mi...

Gonzalez-Bailon, Sandra; Kaltenbrunner, Andreas

2010-01-01

243

Hoover's Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hoover's Online features an accurate and comprehensive database of company information free on the Web. Called Hoover's MasterList Plus, the database of more than 8,500 of the largest public and private U.S. companies provides company name, key personnel, address, sales, number of employees, ticker symbol and other information for companies meeting the user's designated search criteria. Hoover's Online also includes the week's top business news stories, a directory of more than 1,000 corporate Web sites, a synopsis of the 25 top-selling business books and links to other business information resources on the Web, including stock quotes and SEC filings. The new List of Lists has dozens of rankings indicating which companies are the largest, which CEOs made the most money, which companies are the best employers, and more. Almost all of Hoover's Online is free, including the content mentioned here.

1998-01-01

244

A public information and notification system for emergency mitigation  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Emergency Management Agency has become increasingly concerned about the ability to notify the public in a timely manner in the event of a nuclear accident, or chemical event. FEMA draft Guidance Memorandum AN-1 proposes a 15 minute public notification requirement. This paper outlines a comprehensive new public information notification system (PINS) that can meet all of the new requirements of AN-1 and Title 3 for chemical accidents. It is suggested as an alternative to the Emergency Broadcast System (EBS).

Reuber, C.; Robben, C.D. Jr. (Berlin Technical Univ. (DE)); Rubenstein, L. (Emergency Broadcast Technologies, 80 Harvard Road, Scarsdale, NY (US))

1988-10-01

245

Teaching Science and Technology via Online Distance Learning: The Experience of Teaching Biostatistics in an Online Master of Public Health Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the development and teaching of a biostatistics module within a fully online distance learning Master of Public Health (MPH) programme at the University of Manchester. The MPH programme caters for students from over 40 countries worldwide and all materials are delivered via the Blackboard virtual learning environment. In this…

Gemmell, Isla; Sandars, John; Taylor, Stewart; Reed, Katie

2011-01-01

246

Public Library Information and Referral Project, Phase II. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is the second of a two-phase survey of public library information and referral (I&R) service. In this phase, seven public libraries offering I&R services were studied in depth to provide descriptions of their operations, organizational factors, and the reactions of their users. Organizational factors and operations were studied through…

Childers, Thomas; Krauser, Cheri

247

Strategic Information Systems Planning in Malaysian Public Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper's purpose is to investigate the current status, problems and benefits of strategic information systems planning implementation in Malaysian public universities. Design/methodology/approach: The study uses dual but mutually supportive strands of investigation, i.e. a questionnaire survey and interviews. Findings: Malaysian public

Ismail, Noor Azizi; Raja Mohd Ali, Raja Haslinda; Mat Saat, Rafeah; Hsbollah, Hafizah Mohamad

2007-01-01

248

7 CFR 8.8 - Use by public informational services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture 4-H CLUB NAME AND EMBLEM § 8.8 Use by public informational services...business firms, commercial products or services, either by 4-H Clubs, other 4-H organizations and affiliated groups,...

2013-01-01

249

7 CFR 8.8 - Use by public informational services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture 4-H CLUB NAME AND EMBLEM § 8.8 Use by public informational services...business firms, commercial products or services, either by 4-H Clubs, other 4-H organizations and affiliated groups,...

2010-01-01

250

7 CFR 8.8 - Use by public informational services.  

...Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture 4-H CLUB NAME AND EMBLEM § 8.8 Use by public informational services...business firms, commercial products or services, either by 4-H Clubs, other 4-H organizations and affiliated groups,...

2014-01-01

251

7 CFR 8.8 - Use by public informational services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture 4-H CLUB NAME AND EMBLEM § 8.8 Use by public informational services...business firms, commercial products or services, either by 4-H Clubs, other 4-H organizations and affiliated groups,...

2011-01-01

252

7 CFR 8.8 - Use by public informational services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture 4-H CLUB NAME AND EMBLEM § 8.8 Use by public informational services...business firms, commercial products or services, either by 4-H Clubs, other 4-H organizations and affiliated groups,...

2012-01-01

253

Recommendations concerning energy information model documentation, public access, and evaluation  

E-print Network

In this study we provide an analysis of the factors underlying Congressional concern regarding model documentation, policies for public access, and evaluation procedures of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) and ...

Wood, David O.

1979-01-01

254

Information Center NIH Publication No. 05-5212  

E-print Network

trains investigators and distributes genome information to the public and health professionals. For more? A rare disease (also called an orphan disease) is a disease or condition affecting fewer than 200

Bandettini, Peter A.

255

45 CFR 1370.5 - Public information campaign grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS § 1370.5 Public information campaign...

2010-10-01

256

45 CFR 1370.5 - Public information campaign grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS § 1370.5 Public information campaign...

2013-10-01

257

45 CFR 1370.5 - Public information campaign grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS § 1370.5 Public information campaign...

2011-10-01

258

45 CFR 1370.5 - Public information campaign grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS § 1370.5 Public information campaign...

2012-10-01

259

5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.  

...ACT RULES AND SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information for the Public § 2604.202 Index identifying information for the public....

2014-01-01

260

Cartography, Geographic Information, and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cartography is undergoing a digital transition with geographic data becoming available in machine-readable form and with the diminishing need to draw and print maps in order to communicate information. This automation will force cartographers to concentrate upon the institutional aspects of information management. Implications for geographic…

Monmonier, Mark S.

1982-01-01

261

Quantum Public-Key Encryption with Information Theoretic Security  

E-print Network

We propose a definition for the information theoretic security of a quantum public-key encryption scheme, and present bit-oriented and two-bit-oriented encryption schemes satisfying our security definition via the introduction of a new public-key algorithm structure. We extend the scheme to a multi-bitoriented one, and conjecture that it is also information theoretically secure, depending directly on the structure of our new algorithm.

Jiangyou Pan; Li Yang

2010-06-02

262

Tritium supply and recycling PEIS: Public hearing information  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to build a facility to produce tritium for the next 40 years and is requesting the public to give input on which technology to employ and where to locate such a facility. This information is discussed in the February 1995 Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (DPEIS) for Tritium Supply and Recycling (DOE/EIS-0160). This document presents information on the public hearings.

NONE

1995-03-01

263

Semantic interoperability between clinical and public health information systems for improving public health services.  

PubMed

Improving public health services requires comprehensively integrating all services including medical, social, community, and public health ones. Therefore, developing integrated health information services has to start considering business process, rules and information semantics of involved domains. The paper proposes a business and information architecture for the specification of a future-proof national integrated system, concretely the requirements for semantic integration between public health surveillance and clinical information systems. The architecture is a semantically interoperable approach because it describes business process, rules and information semantics based on national policy documents and expressed in a standard language such us the Unified Modeling Language UML. Having the enterprise and information models formalized, semantically interoperable Health IT components/services development is supported. PMID:17901617

Lopez, Diego M; Blobel, Bernd G M E

2007-01-01

264

Nuclear energy information flow from DOE to the public  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research was to study the DOE's program for educating the public about nuclear power and nuclear waste management. DOE's organizational structuree and the procedures used within this structure to disseminate information were studied and readability tests on nuclear information distributed by DOE were conducted. Initial information was obtained through interviews with 29 local, state, and federal DOE representatives. This was supplemented with additional information as it was released by the DOE. The primary goals of the DOE's information program are to encourage two-way communication between the DOE and the public and to encourage public participation in policy-making decisions. Most of this communication, however, is presented orally. Relative to other energy technologies and conservation, very few nuclear brochures are currently being distributed by the DOE. This is especially true with regard to information about nuclear waste. A recent public survey found that a majority of the public wants to learn more about nuclear power and that, with regard to the nuclear fuel cycle, the public wants most to learn about nuclear waste management. Thus, the DOE appears to be missing an eager audience.

Simmons, J.L.; Rankin, W.L.; Nealey, S.M.

1980-06-01

265

Publicly disclosed information about the quality of health care: response of the US public  

PubMed Central

Public disclosure of information about the quality of health plans, hospitals, and doctors continues to be controversial. The US experience of the past decade suggests that sophisticated quality measures and reporting systems that disclose information on quality have improved the process and outcomes of care in limited ways in some settings, but these efforts have not led to the "consumer choice" market envisaged. Important reasons for this failure include limited salience of objective measures to consumers, the complexity of the task of interpretation, and insufficient use of quality results by organised purchasers and insurers to inform contracting and pricing decisions. Nevertheless, public disclosure may motivate quality managers and providers to undertake changes that improve the delivery of care. Efforts to measure and report information about quality should remain public, but may be most effective if they are targeted to the needs of institutional and individual providers of care. Key Words: public disclosure; quality of health care; quality improvement PMID:11389318

Schneider, E; Lieberman, T

2001-01-01

266

77 FR 13294 - Announcing Approval of Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 180-4, Secure...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 180-4, Secure Hash Standard (SHS...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 180-4, Secure Hash Standard (SHS...Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication 180-4, Secure Hash Standard...

2012-03-06

267

40 CFR 246.201-9 - Recommended procedures: Public information and education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...procedures: Public information and education. 246.201-9 Section...Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED...procedures: Public information and education. A well organized and...executed public information and education program explaining...

2010-07-01

268

40 CFR 246.200-10 - Recommended procedures: Public information and education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...procedures: Public information and education. 246.200-10 Section...Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED...procedures: Public information and education. A well-organized and...well-executed public information and education program explaining...

2010-07-01

269

Abstract Features of emerging online social information services show promises for overcoming  

E-print Network

, these emerging technologies, including blog, wikis, social networking services, and media sharing services, shareAbstract ­ Features of emerging online social information services show promises for overcoming practices of such technologies in the domain of knowledge management. Then a quality model of online social

Mankoff, Jennifer

270

A design of Personalized Information Service model in online registration system  

Microsoft Academic Search

It cannot be denied that Personalized Information Service is going to be a vital part of Network service in future. The objective of this paper is to make clear how to provide examinees with personalized specialty recommendation services when they fill in the application form by use of the online registration system. In this paper, the online registration system of

Ya-jing Wang; Hu Zhao; Zhao Chen

2010-01-01

271

78 FR 60303 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Online Survey of Web Services Employers; New...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection Activities: Online Survey of Web Services Employers; New Information Collection...gov and via the Federal eRulemaking Portal Web site at http://www.Regulations.gov...the Form/Collection: Online Survey of Web Services Employers. (3) Agency form...

2013-10-01

272

Performance-Based Assessment in an Online Course: Comparing Different Types of Information Literacy Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates whether the type of instruction (a single face-to-face librarian-led instruction, instructor-led instruction, or an online IL course--the Online Research Lab) has an impact on student information literacy gains in a Freshman English Composition program. A performance-based assessment was carried out by analyzing…

Mery, Yvonne; Newby, Jill; Peng, Ke

2012-01-01

273

The Effectiveness of Creating a Sense of Community in Online Learning with Social Awareness Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online social interactions differ from face to face interactions and lack the non-verbal cues leading a learner to procrastinate, decreased motivation, feelings of isolation and high drop out rates. Existing research illustrates a need for social awareness information in online education, and this research studied the impact of the visual presence…

Mariano, Darren G.

2012-01-01

274

New Form of Identity (ID) Theft Crime: Acquiring Personal Information from Your Online Newsletter Providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using sophisticated means, Identity (ID) Thieves can acquire victims' personal information for their own deeds from online news providers. This paper discusses how ID Thieves may compile their stock of trade from Directory Harvest Attacks (DHAs) and launch the attacks against online news providers with two possible attack methodologies. This follows by an evaluation of the inadequacy of the current

Gim Hiong Soh; Timo Vuori

2004-01-01

275

Syntax Encodes Information Structure: Evidence from On-Line Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although sentences are thought to be generally easier to process when given information precedes new information, closer examination reveals that these preferences only manifest within some syntactic structures. Here, we examine the consequences of the relative ordering of given and new information ("information structure") for the on-line

Brown, Meredith; Savova, Virginia; Gibson, Edward

2012-01-01

276

MO/DSD online information server and global information repository access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Often in the past, standards and new technology information have been available only in hardcopy form, with reproduction and mailing costs proving rather significant. In light of NASA's current budget constraints and in the interest of efficient communications, the Mission Operations and Data Systems Directorate (MO&DSD) New Technology and Data Standards Office recognizes the need for an online information server (OLIS). This server would allow: (1) dissemination of standards and new technology information throughout the Directorate more quickly and economically; (2) online browsing and retrieval of documents that have been published for and by MO&DSD; and (3) searching for current and past study activities on related topics within NASA before issuing a task. This paper explores a variety of available information servers and searching tools, their current capabilities and limitations, and the application of these tools to MO&DSD. Most importantly, the discussion focuses on the way this concept could be easily applied toward improving dissemination of standards and new technologies and improving documentation processes.

Nguyen, Diem; Ghaffarian, Kam; Hogie, Keith; Mackey, William

1994-01-01

277

Key Questions to Ask Is the requested information "public information?  

E-print Network

decisions, medical conditions, mental health, etc.) Section 552.101 · Certain confidential information numbers). · Section 51.971 o Certain information related to institution/system compliance program

278

Informal Support among the Elderly in Public Senior Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed informal support among tenants in public senior housing. Although informal assistance was reported, more impaired tenants received little assistance. The interviews also revealed minimal social involvement of frail tenants. Frail tenants reported a variety of reasons for avoiding relationships with older tenants. (Author/BL)

Sheehan, Nancy W.

1986-01-01

279

A Comprehensive Assessment of Public Information Dissemination Final Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. This report (each of the first three volumes is approximately 300 pages), from the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS), takes a broader look at the government's public information dissemination practices. The report urges the government to recognize public information as a "strategic national resource." The Executive Summary, in Volume 1, lists 36 recommendations to improve public access to government information.

2001-01-01

280

30 CFR 769.16 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...UNSUITABLE FOR ALL OR CERTAIN TYPES OF SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS AND FOR TERMINATION...person or entity the specific location of property proposed to be nominated to be listed...a risk of destruction or harm to such properties. Withheld information must be...

2010-07-01

281

32 CFR 518.6 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...elements: the location of reading room and the types and categories of information available; the location of the World Wide Web page; a reference to the Army FOIA regulation and how to obtain a copy; a reference to the Army FOIA annual report...

2011-07-01

282

ADA Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ADA Online, from the American Dental Association (ADA), includes resources for professionals, patients, and students. The site contains membership information, ADA publications and position papers, research and recommendations on clinical issues, a catalog of handouts and posters for patient education, information for new dentists, factsheets on dental careers, licensing information, directories of accredited education programs, listings of continuing education courses, and more. The section for patients and consumers includes answers to frequently asked questions; information on oral health, disease prevention, and how to deal with dental emergencies; and special sections for parents, children, and teens. A small portion of the site is for ADA members only.

1998-01-01

283

18 CFR 8.11 - Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities... RECREATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES AND DEVELOPMENT AT LICENSED PROJECTS § 8.11 Information respecting use and development of public recreational...

2010-04-01

284

18 CFR 8.11 - Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities... RECREATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES AND DEVELOPMENT AT LICENSED PROJECTS § 8.11 Information respecting use and development of public recreational...

2013-04-01

285

18 CFR 8.11 - Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities.  

... Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities... RECREATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES AND DEVELOPMENT AT LICENSED PROJECTS § 8.11 Information respecting use and development of public recreational...

2014-04-01

286

18 CFR 8.11 - Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities... RECREATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES AND DEVELOPMENT AT LICENSED PROJECTS § 8.11 Information respecting use and development of public recreational...

2012-04-01

287

18 CFR 8.11 - Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities... RECREATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES AND DEVELOPMENT AT LICENSED PROJECTS § 8.11 Information respecting use and development of public recreational...

2011-04-01

288

The Role of User Input in Shaping Online Information From the National Cancer Institute  

PubMed Central

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) was among the first federal agencies to recognize the potential of the Internet for disseminating health-related information. The evolution and refinement of NCI's online cancer information has been substantially “user driven”—from the launch of CancerNet in 1995 to the recent redesign of its award-winning successor, the NCI website. This article presents an overview of NCI's multi-pronged approach to gathering input about its online information products, including stakeholder meetings, focus groups, standard and customized online user surveys, usability testing, heuristic reviews, and search log analysis. Also highlighted are some of the many enhancements that have been made to NCI's online cancer information products based on user input. PMID:15998616

Beckwith, Margaret; Bittinger, Wayne; Blais, Diana; Lollar, Cindy; Middleswarth, Anne; Noone, Marianne; Price, Deborah; Quint-Kasner, Sharon; Shields, Victoria; Wright, Lawrence W

2005-01-01

289

Medical data mining : improving information accessibility using online patient drug reviews  

E-print Network

We address the problem of information accessibility for patients concerned about, pharmaceutical drug side effects and experiences. We create a new corpus of online patient-provided drug reviews and present our initial ...

Li, Yueyang Alice

2011-01-01

290

Online particle physics information 1 Written August 2009 by T. Basaglia (CERN).  

E-print Network

Online particle physics information 1 Written August 2009 by T. Basaglia (CERN). 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 5. Particle Physics Journals & Reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 6. Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 10. Software Repositories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 11. Particle Physics

291

Diffusive Logistic Model Towards Predicting Information Diffusion in Online Social Networks  

E-print Network

Online social networks have recently become an effective and innovative channel for spreading information and influence among hundreds of millions of end users. Many prior work have carried out empirical studies and proposed diffusion models to understand the information diffusion process in online social networks. However, most of these studies focus on the information diffusion in temporal dimension, that is, how the information propagates over time. Little attempt has been given on understanding information diffusion over both temporal and spatial dimensions. In this paper, we propose a Partial Differential Equation (PDE), specifically, a Diffusive Logistic (DL) equation to model the temporal and spatial characteristics of information diffusion in online social networks. To be more specific, we develop a PDE-based theoretical framework to measure and predict the density of influenced users at a given distance from the original information source after a time period. The density of influenced users over tim...

Wang, Feng; Xu, Kuai

2011-01-01

292

When advocacy obscures accuracy online: digital pandemics of public health misinformation through an antifluoride case study.  

PubMed

Objectives. In an antifluoridation case study, we explored digital pandemics and the social spread of scientifically inaccurate health information across the Web, and we considered the potential health effects. Methods. Using the social networking site Facebook and the open source applications Netvizz and Gephi, we analyzed the connectedness of antifluoride networks as a measure of social influence, the social diffusion of information based on conversations about a sample scientific publication as a measure of spread, and the engagement and sentiment about the publication as a measure of attitudes and behaviors. Results. Our study sample was significantly more connected than was the social networking site overall (P?publication being discussed 60% and 12% of the time, respectively. Users had a 1 in 2 chance of encountering negative and nonempirical content about fluoride unrelated to the sample publication. Conclusions. Network sociology may be as influential as the information content and scientific validity of a particular health topic discussed using social media. Public health must employ social strategies for improved communication management. PMID:25602893

Seymour, Brittany; Getman, Rebekah; Saraf, Avinash; Zhang, Lily H; Kalenderian, Elsbeth

2015-03-01

293

When Does Retargeting Work? Information Specificity in Online Advertising  

E-print Network

Firms can now offer personalized recommendations to consumers who return to their website, using consumers' previous browsing history on that website. In addition, online advertising has greatly improved in its use of ...

Lambrecht, Anja

294

Newborn Screening Information Supports Public Health More than Informed Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To appraise information resources on newborn blood spot screening currently available for parents and health professionals internationally. Method: Health information on newborn blood spot screening was sourced internationally through the internet and, in the United Kingdom, through health service providers and support organisations. An…

Hargreaves, Katrina; Stewart, Ruth; Oliver, Sandy

2005-01-01

295

Teaching information technology and research skills for public health.  

PubMed

The acquisition of information technology and research skills is fundamental for all students in Public Health because of its fundamental emphasis on population studies. In the Curtin University, Division of Health Sciences the School of Public Health has the responsibility of introducing communication and IT skills to all students, both undergraduate and postgraduate. A special program of information technology skills is offered. The age of the Internet has meant added temptation for students in terms of plagiarism and all students and staff must be aware of their ethical obligations in this area. The advent of flexible learning strategies will provide many opportunities for Schools of Public Health, both in the education of their students and in the continuing education of public health practitioners. APACPH member institutions could usefully pool their resources to develop flexible learning resources. PMID:12109247

Binns, C W; Lee, M K

2001-01-01

296

76 FR 16850 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Agency Form DS-4127, NEA/PI Online Performance...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection: Agency Form DS- 4127, NEA/PI Online Performance Reporting System (PRS...Title of Information Collection: NEA/PI Online Performance Reporting System (PRS...projects in support of political, economic, education and women's rights reform in 20...

2011-03-25

297

Online Disclosure of University Social Responsibility: A Comparative Study of Public and Private US Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public and private universities tasked with incorporating principles of social responsibility (SR) into their activities face the multiple challenges of addressing expectations of diverse stakeholders, establishing mechanisms for dialogue, and achieving greater information transparency. This article has two goals: first, to analyze whether SR has…

Garde Sánchez, Raquel; Rodríguez Bolívar, Manuel Pedro; López-Hernández, Antonio M.

2013-01-01

298

Online Opportunist: Mary Ellen Icaza--Montgomery County Public Libraries, Rockville, MD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When Mary Ellen Icaza became Electronic Services Librarian at Montgomery County Public Libraries, she noticed that the readers' services information on the library web site was invisible, even to librarians. "And if staff can't find it," she says, "customers can't." She set out to help people find that material-and to turn a "static brochure" into…

Library Journal, 2004

2004-01-01

299

Research Goes to School II: How to Go On-Line to the Information Database.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help educators locate the most up-to-date research and information available for decision making, this handbook summarizes a vast collection of current educational, technical, and sociological information in computer databases. As online information systems multiply and become more consumer-oriented, and as microcomputers and modems…

Newman, Joan; Motomatsu, Nancy

300

Online Discussion Compensates for Suboptimal Timing of Supportive Information Presentation in a Digitally Supported Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used a sequential set-up to investigate the consecutive effects of timing of supportive information presentation (information before vs. information during the learning task clusters) in interactive digital learning materials (IDLMs) and type of collaboration (personal discussion vs. online discussion) in computer-supported…

Noroozi, Omid; Busstra, Maria C.; Mulder, Martin; Biemans, Harm J. A.; Tobi, Hilde; Geelen, Anouk; van't Veer, Pieter; Chizari, Mohammad

2012-01-01

301

International Students Using Online Information Resources to Learn: Complex Experience and Learning Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings of a qualitative study that investigated 25 international students' use of online information resources for study purposes at two Australian universities. Using an expanded critical incident approach, the study viewed international students through an information literacy lens, as information-using learners.…

Hughes, Hilary

2013-01-01

302

An Informal Online Learning Community for Student Mental Health at University: A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a potential solution to increasing demands on mental health services at universities, this project seeks to develop an informal online learning community for mental health support and education. Students' use of the Internet and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), especially to access health information, provides a supporting…

Richards, Derek; Tangney, Brendan

2008-01-01

303

Facilitating faculty incorporation of information literacy skills into the curriculum through the use of online instruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes California State University efforts to help its students become information literate. Towards that end, California State University Long Beach partnered with K-12 and media entities to provide pre- and in-service teachers with an interactive online instructional resource to help them become information literate and develop ways to incorporate information literacy into their professional practice. The method is

Lesley S. J. Farmer

2003-01-01

304

An informal online learning community for student mental health at university: a preliminary investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a potential solution to increasing demands on mental health services at universities, this project seeks to develop an informal online learning community for mental health support and education. Students’ use of the Internet and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), especially to access health information, provides a supporting rationale for this project. The design for this study is grounded in

Derek Richards; Brendan Tangney

2008-01-01

305

The Healthy Web--Access to Online Health Information for Individuals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The Internet can be an invaluable resource for obtaining health information by people with disabilities. Although valid and reliable information is available, previous research revealed barriers to accessing health information online. Health education specialists have the responsibilities to insure that it is accessible to all users.…

Geiger, Brian; Evans, R. R.; Cellitti, M. A.; Smith, K. Hogan; O'Neal, Marcia R.; Firsing, S. L., III; Chandan, P.

2011-01-01

306

EFFECTS OF USING ONLINE NARRATIVE AND DIDACTIC INFORMATION ON HEALTHCARE PARTICIPATION FOR BREAST CANCER PATIENTS  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine the effects of online narrative and didactic information on breast cancer patients’ healthcare participation and the interaction effects of race. Methods Sample: 353 breast cancer patients (111 African Americans) using an eHealth program with narratives (audiovisual and text) and didactic information (text only). Measures: healthcare participation scale (0, 4 months), online information use. Analyses: hierarchical regression. Results Narrative (? = .123, p <.01) and didactic (? = .104, p <.05) information use had independent and positive effects on healthcare participation. Effects of both were significantly greater for African Americans. Conclusions Findings are consistent with and advance prior research on online learning processes and outcomes for breast cancer patients: (1) Benefits accrue with using a variety of online learning tools; and (2) African Americans use and benefit more from online narrative and didactic information than do Caucasians. Practice implications eHealth programs should provide both didactic and narrative information—especially for African Americans and might consider making greater use of interactive and audiovisual formats. As patients increasingly use of the web for cancer information, clinicians should provide lists of web high quality resources that provide both narrative and didactic information. PMID:18201859

Wise, Meg; Han, Jeong Yeob; Shaw, Bret; McTavish, Fiona; Gustafson, David H.

2008-01-01

307

A Citizen Empowered Online Platform for Communicating Climate Science to the General Public  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation introduces a project, currently in development, of a new online platform for the interaction between climate scientists and citizen. It consists of an open-access, multi-lingual, and peer-reviewed journal publishing climate articles in non-scientific language. It follows three main long-term objectives. The first objective is to establish an ever-growing, multi-lingual library of climate articles providing a knowledge base on climate sciences accessible for free to everyone. The targeted public includes journalists, teachers, students, local actors (e.g. in politics, economy, agriculture), and any other citizen from around the world with an interest in climate sciences. The second goal is to offer a simple and direct channel for scientists wishing to disseminate their research to the general public. A high standard of climate articles is enforced through: a) requiring that the main author is an active climate scientist, and b) an innovative peer-review process involving scientific and non-scientific referees with distinct roles. The third objective is to engage citizen into the climate science. To this aim, the journal proposes three channels. Firstly, citizens are invited to contribute to the dissemination of climate knowledge to the general public by co-authoring, peer-reviewing or translating articles. Secondly, they are offered the capacity to stimulate scientific enquiry by posting invitations for manuscripts to be written on a citizen-inspired topic. Thirdly, a match-up tool is being developed for scientists to gather non-scientists teams for conducting citizen-involving research projects. This platform is scientist-initiated and is meant to be ruled and managed by the participating individuals themselves (scientists and non-scientists) as an international association. It will be financed through country-varying flat memberships. The project is now starting. The basic ideas are drawn; a prototype internet platform has been developed and is operational. In a first phase, climate scientists (and their friends!) are invited to jump in for free, submit climate articles and help design its development. Once an initial content is in place, the second phase will start consisting in an active promotion campaign to reach at the general public and enroll citizens. In this presentation, I will discuss the basic ideas behind this new online platform, its current state and the plans for the next future.

Bourqui, Michel

2014-05-01

308

Determinants of the frequency of online health information seeking: results of a web-based survey conducted in France in 2007  

PubMed Central

Objective The Internet is a widespread source of health information for health-care professionals and patients. Social inequalities in Internet access have been well studied but not practices. This study was conducted to determine whether differences exist in the frequency of Internet use for health information among online health seekers. Methods We conducted an Internet-based survey from November 2006 to March 2007. The 3720 residents of France who had searched for health information during the previous year were considered. Results This study reveals different practice of online health information seeking between men, women, the general population and people who work in the health sector. Health status and active Internet use were associated with higher frequencies to varying degrees. Greater health concerns and some issues in the physician-patient relationship were associated with higher frequencies of Internet use in the general population. Conclusions The Internet seems to be used as a substitute information tool when issues of communication or confidence with physicians arise as well as to lead people to question physicians and medicine. Practical implications Physician and public health actors should remain cautious about these disparities in online health information seeking access and practices, quality issues concerning online information and about possible self-exclusion from the health-care system. PMID:20302437

Renahy, Emilie; Parizot, Isabelle; Chauvin, Pierre

2010-01-01

309

A model for semi-informal online learning communities: A case study of the NASA INSPIRE Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scope and Method of Study: The purpose of this study was to develop a model of informal online learning communities based on theory, research and practice. Case study methodology was used to examine the NASA Interdisciplinary National Science Project Incorporating Research and Education Experience (INSPIRE) Project as an example of a successful informal online learning community. The case study examined how the INSPIRE project models informal online learning and how that model compares to current research in informal and online learning community education. Findings and Conclusions: This case study revealed that, while all aspects of informal learning and online education are present within the INSPIRE project, there were many factors that have led to the success of the project that do not fit into current informal or online learning community models. Many aspects of formal education are not only present, but necessary components to the success of the INSPIRE OLC where both knowledge development and community building are desired equally. A model for semi-informal online learning communities was developed based on the findings from the case study. A semi-informal online learning community uses informal, formal and online education characteristics to develop community and knowledge equally and concurrently. By including aspects of community building, a variety of activities and experiences, creating a userfriendly environment, and allowing the community to evolve over time, a successful semi-informal online learning community can be created and maintained using current research and successful real-world experiences.

Keesee, Amanda Glasgow

310

Reproductive state affects reliance on public information in sticklebacks  

PubMed Central

The degree to which animals use public and private sources of information has important implications for research in both evolutionary ecology and cultural evolution. While researchers are increasingly interested in the factors that lead individuals to vary in the manner in which they use different sources of information, to date little is known about how an animal's reproductive state might affect its reliance on social learning. Here, we provide experimental evidence that in foraging ninespine sticklebacks (Pungitius pungitius), gravid females increase their reliance on public information generated by feeding demonstrators in choosing the richer of two prey patches than non-reproductive fish, while, in contrast, reproductive males stop using public information. Subsequent experiments revealed reproductive males to be more efficient asocial foragers, less risk-averse and generally less social than both reproductive females and non-reproductives. These findings are suggestive of adaptive switches in reliance on social and asocial sources of information with reproductive condition, and we discuss the differing costs of reproduction and the proximate mechanisms that may underlie these differences in information use. Our findings have important implications for our understanding of adaptive foraging strategies in animals and for understanding the way information diffuses through populations. PMID:20826479

Webster, M. M.; Laland, K. N.

2011-01-01

311

32 CFR 700.1121 - Disclosure, publication and security of official information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Disclosure, publication and security of official information...Records § 700.1121 Disclosure, publication and security of official information...disclose by oral or written communications, publication, graphic (including...

2010-07-01

312

American Lung Association`s radon public information program  

SciTech Connect

The American Lung Association (ALA), the nation`s oldest voluntary health organization, is dedicated to the conquest of lung disease and the promotion of lung health. The objective of the ALA Radon Public Information Program is to reduce public exposure to elevated indoor radon levels through implementing grassroots-based radon public awareness campaigns by 22 local ALA groups. The program, which is funded by a grant from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), was initiated in December 1989; the first phase will continue until May, 1991. Activities of local Lung Associations include distribution of free or reduced-cost radon kits; presenting programs in elementary and secondary schools; presenting information on TV news series and talk shows, and on radio Public Service Announcements and talk shows; presenting articles and feature stories in the print media; holding conferences, workshops, and displays at fairs and other exhibitions; distributing radon fact sheets through libraries and utility company mailings; and distributing videos through video chains and libraries. The local Lung Associations also serve as promoters for the EPA/Advertising Council Radon Public Service Announcement Campaign. We will highlight the activities of the groups in communicating radon health risks to the public; we will describe the results obtained and will attempt to evaluate the merits of the various approaches on the basis of the initial results.

McCurdy, L.E. [American Lung Association, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31

313

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center Print Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Center provides a list of print publications from the ICT Center Delmar Learning Series, created by Delmar Learning and the ICT Center. Titles include Introduction to Telecommunications Networks, Basic Telecommunications: The Physical Layer, Fiber Optic Communications and Network Security. The listings for each book include links to information and sample chapters on Delmar Learning's website, as well as links to order the titles on Amazon.com.

314

Evaluation of online information sources on alien species in Europe: the need of harmonization and integration.  

PubMed

Europe is severely affected by alien invasions, which impact biodiversity, ecosystem services, economy, and human health. A large number of national, regional, and global online databases provide information on the distribution, pathways of introduction, and impacts of alien species. The sufficiency and efficiency of the current online information systems to assist the European policy on alien species was investigated by a comparative analysis of occurrence data across 43 online databases. Large differences among databases were found which are partially explained by variations in their taxonomical, environmental, and geographical scopes but also by the variable efforts for continuous updates and by inconsistencies on the definition of "alien" or "invasive" species. No single database covered all European environments, countries, and taxonomic groups. In many European countries national databases do not exist, which greatly affects the quality of reported information. To be operational and useful to scientists, managers, and policy makers, online information systems need to be regularly updated through continuous monitoring on a country or regional level. We propose the creation of a network of online interoperable web services through which information in distributed resources can be accessed, aggregated and then used for reporting and further analysis at different geographical and political scales, as an efficient approach to increase the accessibility of information. Harmonization, standardization, conformity on international standards for nomenclature, and agreement on common definitions of alien and invasive species are among the necessary prerequisites. PMID:23609303

Gatto, Francesca; Katsanevakis, Stelios; Vandekerkhove, Jochen; Zenetos, Argyro; Cardoso, Ana Cristina

2013-06-01

315

Evaluation of Online Information Sources on Alien Species in Europe: The Need of Harmonization and Integration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Europe is severely affected by alien invasions, which impact biodiversity, ecosystem services, economy, and human health. A large number of national, regional, and global online databases provide information on the distribution, pathways of introduction, and impacts of alien species. The sufficiency and efficiency of the current online information systems to assist the European policy on alien species was investigated by a comparative analysis of occurrence data across 43 online databases. Large differences among databases were found which are partially explained by variations in their taxonomical, environmental, and geographical scopes but also by the variable efforts for continuous updates and by inconsistencies on the definition of "alien" or "invasive" species. No single database covered all European environments, countries, and taxonomic groups. In many European countries national databases do not exist, which greatly affects the quality of reported information. To be operational and useful to scientists, managers, and policy makers, online information systems need to be regularly updated through continuous monitoring on a country or regional level. We propose the creation of a network of online interoperable web services through which information in distributed resources can be accessed, aggregated and then used for reporting and further analysis at different geographical and political scales, as an efficient approach to increase the accessibility of information. Harmonization, standardization, conformity on international standards for nomenclature, and agreement on common definitions of alien and invasive species are among the necessary prerequisites.

Gatto, Francesca; Katsanevakis, Stelios; Vandekerkhove, Jochen; Zenetos, Argyro; Cardoso, Ana Cristina

2013-06-01

316

Public Information and Abnormal Returns in Real Estate Investment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study performs empirical tests of the semistrong form efficiency of a real estate investment market. An asset pricing model is utilized to estimate the abnormal returns resulting from two types of public information, major changes in government tax shelter and rent control policies as well as unanticipated changes in interest rates. In both cases the results find an absence

George W. Gau

1985-01-01

317

Information Literacy Training in Public Libraries: A Case from Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the current state of information literacy (IL) training and to identify the strategies and methods used by Canadian public libraries in improving IL skills for their staff and patrons. Also, the study sought to identify problems associated with the development of IL training. This study employed document…

Lai, Horng-Ji

2011-01-01

318

5 CFR 950.401 - Campaign and publicity information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICE PERSONNEL FOR CONTRIBUTIONS TO PRIVATE VOLUNTARY...attempt to solicit their contributions through the media and...personnel in public areas of Federal workplaces...form is the official source of CFC information...preceding campaign period, contributions received in the...

2010-01-01

319

Research and Publication Patterns in Library and Information Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research and publication patterns of thirty-four topranking researchers in library and information science (LIS) in Africa were surveyed. The researchers produced 294 papers during the 1990–1995 period which were considered for this study. The findings reveal that majority of the researchers were from universities and were based mainly in Nigeria and South Africa. The principal research centres, however, were

L. O. Aina; N. P. Mooko

1999-01-01

320

Virtual Seminar in Geographic Information Science: Public Participation GIS  

E-print Network

1 GEO 599 Virtual Seminar in Geographic Information Science: Public Participation GIS Fall 2007: Are you interested in community-based GIS, GIS for citizen involvement, conservation GIS with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and citizen groups? Grassroots GIS? Issues of empowerment and marginalization where GIS

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

321

Intelligent Sensor Information System For Public Transport ? To Safely Go  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Intelligent Sensor Information System (ISIS) is described. ISIS is an active CCTV approach to reducing crime and anti-social behavior on public transport systems such as buses. Key to the system is the idea of event composition, in which directly detected atomic events are combined to infer higher-level events with semantic meaning. Video analytics are described that profile the gender

Paul Miller; Weiru Liu; Chris Fowler; Huiyu Zhou; Jiali Shen; Jianbing Ma; Jianguo Zhang; WeiQi Yan; Kieran McLaughlin; Sakir Sezer

2010-01-01

322

Online Humanoid Locomotion Control Using 3D Vision Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autonomous locomotion is one of the most important ability for hu- manoid utilized in human working environment. Walking control system that fol- lows the desired motion given online is designed with layered control architecture and implemented as a basic system of autonomous walking. Moving goal tracking function and reactive obstacle avoidance function are implemented using stereo vi- sion system as

Koichi Nishiwaki; Satoshi Kagami; James Kuffner; Kei Okada; Yasuo Kuniyoshi; Masayuki Inaba; Hirochiaka Inoue

2002-01-01

323

Safe Harbors: Online Liability Provisions Should Benefit Information Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses provisions of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DCMA) that relate to special librarians and offer a limitation on liability for online service providers. Highlights include eligibility requirements; storing material and referring users to material at other locations through hypertext links or search engines; system caching; and scope…

Crosby, John

1999-01-01

324

Designing Multilingual Information Access to Tate Online Paul Clough  

E-print Network

the national collection of British art from the 16th Century and international modern art. The Tate has one such as Constable and Turner. Like most cultural heritage institutions, the Tate provides online access to a large in access to cultural heritage resources (particularly in Europe), we believe that cross-language research

Sanderson, Mark

325

Online Reading Informs Classroom Instruction and Promotes Collaborative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web-based collaborative annotation tools can facilitate communication among students and their instructors through online reading and communication. Collaborative reading fosters peer interaction and is an innovative way to facilitate discussion and participation in larger enrollment courses. It can be especially powerful as it creates an…

Wright, L. Kate; Zyto, Sacha; Karger, David R.; Newman, Dina L.

2013-01-01

326

Trust perceptions of online travel information by different content creators: Some social and legal implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumers are increasingly turning to the online environment to provide information to assist them in making purchase decisions\\u000a related to travel products. They often rely on travel recommendations from different sources, such as sellers, independent\\u000a experts and, increasingly, other consumers. A new type of online content, user-generated content (UGC), provides a number\\u000a of legal and social challenges to providers and

Stephen Burgess; Carmine Sellitto; Carmen Cox; Jeremy Buultjens

2011-01-01

327

Evidence of Communication among Public Librarians and Library and Information Science Educators in Public Library Journal Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a citation analysis of public library journal articles which shows that the public library literature functions as an interactive communication system between public librarians and library and information science educators. Prior research on communication in public librarianship, the role of journals, authorship, and citation patterns is…

Van Fleet, Connie

1993-01-01

328

The role of public health surveillance: information for effective action in public health.  

PubMed

Public health surveillance can provide the quantitative information needed for setting priorities and establishing rational health policy. Although there are many examples of the effective use of such information, the full potential for surveillance has not yet been realized. To a large degree, failure to achieve this potential has resulted from limited perspectives regarding the role and conduct of surveillance. Both practitioners (those who conduct surveillance) and users (those who apply surveillance data in a real-world setting) have fallen victim to such myopia. Public health surveillance must be advocated as an essential part of the global health agenda if we are to achieve international goals for improving health status. As we improve our appreciation of the variety of uses for public health surveillance data, we need to understand more fully the determinants of the decision-making process. Effective dissemination of information and effective communication are as important as data collection and analysis. No longer do we have--or should we have--the luxury of collecting information for its own sake. The information collected must have a demonstrated utility. Developing and training personnel to have expertise in public health surveillance will necessarily incur opportunity costs. Bridging gaps in data methodology and coverage will force us to weigh alternatives and to compromise. We hope that the International Symposium on Public Health Surveillance will accomplish several goals. First, we wish to foster international understanding of the definition, role, and importance of surveillance in reducing morbidity and mortality, in improving quality of life, and in setting effective health priorities. Second, we hope that this symposium will serve as a springboard for identifying issues and topics that can be addressed in greater depth at future international meetings. Finally, we see the symposium as an essential step in developing a firm commitment on the part of countries, donor agencies, and multilateral organizations to develop the essential capacity for public health surveillance throughout the world. Each country should have the capacity to measure and monitor changes in health status, risk factors, and health-service access and utilization among its people. All countries should have the means to detect emerging health problems and implement measures for their control, to evaluate the impact of health policies and programs, and to communicate health information in a meaningful fashion to policymakers and the public. If we are successful in these endeavors, the long-term effects on the public's health will be well worth the struggle required to achieve them.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:1344260

Wetterhall, S F; Pappaioanou, M; Thacker, S B; Eaker, E; Churchill, R E

1992-12-01

329

A Tailored Approach to Identifying and Addressing College Students' Online Health Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: College students may fail to practice information literacy skills because they are unaware of their skill level or are not concerned with the risks. Purpose: In order to develop an effective message that motivates college students to learn online health information literacy skills, a better understanding of perceptions about such…

Banas, Jennifer

2008-01-01

330

An Exploratory Study of Bloggers' Information Sharing Behavior: The Role of Online Privacy Concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networking websites have become very popular with Internet users as one of the latest forms of online communication tools. Blogs, recurrently updated web pages with a series of archived postings in social network websites have been discussed as a useful information sharing platform for knowledge management in a collaborative work environment. However, blogs generate growing concerns regarding information privacy

Sangmi Chai; Sanjukta Das; H R Rao

2008-01-01

331

Effect of brand familiarity, experience and information on online apparel purchase  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of brand familiarity, the number of pieces of product information presented on a web site, and previous online apparel shopping experience on perceived risk and purchase intention. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The experiment was 2 (brand familiarity)×2 (information availability) factorial design and 166 students participated in this study. Findings –

Jihye Park; Leslie Stoel

2005-01-01

332

Does Bidding for Multi-Attribute Goods Reflect All Available Information? Field Evidence From Online Gaming  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine empirically to what extent individuals incorporate available information when bidding in auctions for multi-attribute goods. Using detailed field data from Hattrick, one of the largest and most popular online games, we find strong evidence that individuals neglect substantial parts of valuable information, even if it is provided free of cost. As a consequence, their bids are systematically and

Florian Englmaier; Arno Schmoller

333

On-Line Selection Of Distinguishing Elements For Focused Information Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

The internet can be viewed as a database with a huge amount of information. Powerful search engines present to users web pages that contain useful information, ranked according to the relevance to a particular query, and the quality of the web pages. However, users may have different interests even for the same query. In this work, we develop an on-line

Kang Chen; Weimin Zheng; Hung Chim; Xiaotie Deng; Haodi Feng; Shanfeng Zhu

2001-01-01

334

A Context Driven Information Retrieval for Online Urban Disaster Management System  

E-print Network

A Context Driven Information Retrieval for Online Urban Disaster Management System Khaldoun ZREIK of Disaster Managing Approaches depends firmly on information and communication management system. Due-document) to urban disaster management system. Every time the context is captured it will be used to generate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

335

Understanding the Online Information-Seeking Behaviours of Young People: The Role of Networks of Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information seeking is one of the most popular online activities for young people and can provide an additional information channel, which may enhance learning. In this study, we propose and test a model that adds to the existing literature by examining the ways in which parents, schools, and friends (what we call networks of support) effect young…

Eynon, R.; Malmberg, L.-E.

2012-01-01

336

26 CFR 301.6104(a)-5 - Withholding of certain information from public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Withholding of certain information from public inspection. 301.6104...ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records ...6104(a)-5 Withholding of certain information from public inspection. (a)...

2010-04-01

337

26 CFR 301.6104(a)-5 - Withholding of certain information from public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Withholding of certain information from public inspection. 301.6104...ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records ...6104(a)-5 Withholding of certain information from public inspection. (a)...

2013-04-01

338

26 CFR 301.6104(a)-5 - Withholding of certain information from public inspection.  

...2014-04-01 false Withholding of certain information from public inspection. 301.6104...ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records ...6104(a)-5 Withholding of certain information from public inspection. (a)...

2014-04-01

339

26 CFR 301.6104(a)-5 - Withholding of certain information from public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Withholding of certain information from public inspection. 301.6104...ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records ...6104(a)-5 Withholding of certain information from public inspection. (a)...

2011-04-01

340

26 CFR 301.6104(a)-5 - Withholding of certain information from public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Withholding of certain information from public inspection. 301.6104...ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records ...6104(a)-5 Withholding of certain information from public inspection. (a)...

2012-04-01

341

Students' Scientific Epistemic Beliefs, Online Evaluative Standards, and Online Searching Strategies for Science Information: The Moderating Role of Cognitive Load Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the moderating role of cognitive load experience between students' scientific epistemic beliefs and information commitments, which refer to online evaluative standards and online searching strategies. A total of 344 science-related major students participated in this study. Three questionnaires were…

Hsieh, Ya-Hui; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-01-01

342

Development of an online information and support resource for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients considering surgery: perspectives of health care providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis who are considering spinal surgery face a major decision that requires access to in-depth information and support. Unfortunately, most online resources provide incomplete and inconsistent information and minimal social support. The aim of this study was to develop an online information and support resource for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients considering spinal surgery. Prior to

Radha MacCulloch; Joyce Nyhof-Young; David Nicholas; Sandra Donaldson; James G Wright

2010-01-01

343

Mission-Driven Priorities: Public Health in Health Information Exchange  

PubMed Central

Developing state- and nationwide health information exchange (HIE) is one of the health priorities defined in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. States are expected to take leadership in statewide planning and implementation. To balance limited resources among mandated responsibilities and emerging HIE accountability, we maintain that state public health practitioners must integrate HIE into our mission-driven practice in five priority areas: 1) connecting real-time disease surveillance and notifiable case reporting through HIE to better protect citizens; 2) sharing public health-managed clinical information through HIE for preventive services, 3) conduct health education for targeted populations via HIE to promote healthy lifestyles; 4) leverage public health informatics with Medicaid information system to provide quality healthcare; and 5) serve as a regulator for standardized HIT to participate in healthcare reform. We summarize public health’s broad practice into “Five P’s” and link each domain’s historical foundation, current and proposed practices to sustain success. PMID:20351901

Nangle, Barry; Xu, Wu; Sundwall, David N.

2009-01-01

344

An analysis of online health information on schizophrenia or related conditions: a cross-sectional survey  

PubMed Central

Background Around 20% of those who seek health information online, search specifically for mental health. However, little is known about the nature of the online health information offered by two European countries, Finland and Greece, which are characterized by markedly differing levels of Internet access and online health information seeking. This study aims to assess, describe and compare websites, written in two European, non-English languages (Finnish and Greek) that appear first after performing an online search concerning schizophrenia or related conditions. Methods The first 20 results from four search terms (searched in Finnish and Greek) in the Web search engine ‘Google’ were screened. A total of 160 websites were retrieved (80 Finnish, 80 Greek) and evaluated using a preformulated coding system which consisted of websites’ indicators, such as: types, characteristics, accountability, interactivity, aesthetics and content. Differences between websites were evaluated with Chi-Square or Fisher’s Exact tests for categorical data and independent t-tests for parametric data. Results Twenty-four Finnish and thirty-four Greek websites (36% in total) were included. Almost two-thirds (62%, n=36) were owned by an organization, compared to 17% (n=10) by an individual. In both countries, aesthetics had the highest score (possible range 0–4, mean = 2.6, SD = .62), while interactivity the lowest (range 0–5, mean = 1.79, SD = .87). There were no statistically significant differences among the accountability, interactivity and aesthetics scores of the Finnish and Greek websites. Conclusions All assessed indicators suggest there is a need to improve Finnish and Greek online information about schizophrenia or related conditions. The poor website interactivity is of particular concern given the challenges faced by the target group. The findings can be used to guide the development and dissemination of online mental health information aimed at Finnish and Greek online health-seekers. PMID:23992448

2013-01-01

345

Helping the public find information the U.S. Government Information Locator Service (GILS)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

As part of the National Information Infrastructure, the U.S. federal government is establishing a Government Information Locator Service (GILS). GILS will identify and describe public information resources throughout the federal government and provide assistance in obtaining the information. It will be decentralized and will supplement other agency and commercial information dissemination mechanisms. The public will use GILS directly or through intermediaries, including the Government Printing Office and the National Technical Information Service, as well as federal depository libraries, other public libraries, and private sector information services. Direct users will have access to a GILS Core accessible on the Internet without charge. Intermediate access may include kiosks, 800 numbers, electronic mail, bulletin boards, FAX, and offline media such as floppy disks, CD-ROM, and printed works. GILS will use network technology and the American National Standards Institute Z39.50 standard for information search and retrieval so that information can be retrieved in a variety of ways. Direct users may have access to many other major federal and nonfederal information resources, linkages to data systems, and electronic delivery of information products. An Office of Management and Budget Bulletin in 1994 will provide implementing guidance to agencies. The National Institute of Standards and Technology will also establish a Federal Information Processing Standard specifying a GILS Profile and its application for agencies establishing information locators. ?? 1994.

Christian, E.J.

1994-01-01

346

36 CFR 1120.6 - Information in A&TBCB publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Information in A&TBCB publications. 1120.6 Section 1120.6 ...1120.6 Information in A&TBCB publications. (a) General. Copies...general public. Copies of informational publications of the A&TBCB which may be...

2010-07-01

347

Using Information Expertise to Enhance Massive Open Online Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is a truth not yet universally acknowledged that a venture based on information must be in want of a librarian. Librarians offer expertise in organizing and managing information, clarifying and supporting people's information needs, and enhancing people's information literacy skills. There are innumerable endeavors today in education, health,…

Mahraj, Katy

2012-01-01

348

The NCI's Cancer Information Service: meeting the public's cancer information needs via the internet.  

PubMed

The Cancer Information Service (CIS) of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) added e-mail and instant chat to its telephone service (1-800-4-CANCER, 1-877-44U-QUIT). While most CIS contacts are still via telephone, internet contacts have increased from 9000 in 2001 to over 20,000 in 2006. The NCI leveraged 30 years of CIS telephone experience to understand the needs of Internet information seekers. Online users are more likely to contact CIS on behalf of someone else. Instant chat users are younger and more educated than telephone users. They report high satisfaction levels, increased knowledge, and other positive effects from their interactions. Patients and their families can benefit from awareness of CIS online services and health care providers can be confident in directing them to CIS. PMID:17571998

La Porta, Madeline; Hagood, Heather; Patt, Judy; Hodorowski, Julie Keany; Treiman, Katherine

2007-01-01

349

Intergroup information exchange drives cooperation in the public goods game  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we explore the onset of cooperative traits in the public goods game. This well-known game involves N-agent interactions and thus reproduces a large number of social scenarios in which cooperation appears to be essential. Many studies have recently addressed how the structure of the interaction patterns influences the emergence of cooperation. Here we study how information about the payoffs collected by each individual in the different groups it participates in influences the decisions made by its group partners. Our results point out that cross-information plays a fundamental and positive role in the evolution of cooperation for different versions of the public goods game and different interaction structures.

Gracia-Lázaro, C.; Gómez-Gardeñes, J.; Floría, L. M.; Moreno, Y.

2014-10-01

350

Sharing MedlinePlus®/MEDLINE® for information literacy education (SMILE): a dental public health information project.  

PubMed

The SMILE project represented a partnership among the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio Libraries, the Gateway Clinic in Laredo, and the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District. The project focused on improving dental practitioners' access to reliable information resources and integrating the best evidence into public health dental practice. Through its training program, SMILE cultivated a set of "power information users" among the dentists, dental hygienists, and community health workers (promotores) who provided public health preventive care and oral health education. The dental public health practitioners gained information literacy skills and increased their knowledge about reliable sites such as blogs, PubMed®, and MedlinePlus®. This project fostered opportunities for expanded partnerships with public health personnel. PMID:22040242

Gaines, Julie K; Levy, Linda S; Cogdill, Keith W

2011-01-01

351

Online, Inc.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Online, Inc. site contains selections from four magazines including Online, Database, CD-ROM Professional, and MultiMedia Schools. Tables of contents, selected articles, columns, and indexes are available for these Online, Inc. magazines. General information about subscribing to and writing for these magazines is also included. Registration and program information for the Online CD-ROM Conference and Exposition, and other events sponsored by Online, Inc., is also available.

352

Public Library Information and Referral Project: Phase I, Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was the first phase of a multiple phase project to generate knowledge about the creation and rapid growth of information and referral (I&R) services in public libraries in the United States in the late 1960s and the 1970s. I&R service is defined as facilitating the link between a person with a need and the resources outside a library to…

Childers, Thomas

353

Understanding Informal Group Learning in Online Communities through Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since informal learning occurs outside of formal learning environments, describing informal learning and how it takes place can be a challenge for researchers. Past studies have typically oriented to informal learning as an individual, reflective process that can best be understood through the learners' retrospective accounts about their…

Ziegler, Mary F.; Paulus, Trena; Woodside, Marianne

2014-01-01

354

Using Online Databases in Corporate Issues Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finds that corporate public relations practitioners felt they were able, using online database and information services, to intercept issues earlier in the "issue cycle" and thus enable their organizations to develop more "proactionary" or "catalytic" issues management repose strategies. (SR)

Thomsen, Steven R.

1995-01-01

355

77 FR 1946 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request, Public Assistance Customer Satisfaction Survey AGENCY: Federal Emergency...Title: Public Assistance Customer Satisfaction Survey. Type of information...519-0-1 T, Public Assistance Customer Satisfaction Survey (Telephone);...

2012-01-12

356

77 FR 24510 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment Emergency Comment Request; Office of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for Public Comment Emergency Comment...Office of Housing Assistance Contract Administration...Department is soliciting public comments on the subject...Office of Housing Assistance and Contract Administration...from members of the public and affected...

2012-04-24

357

77 FR 27243 - Notice of Propose Information Collection for Public Comment; Continuum of Care Homeless...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for Public Comment; Continuum of Care Homeless Assistance Grant Application...Department is soliciting public comments on the...of Special Needs Assistance Programs, Office...from members of the public and affected...

2012-05-09

358

76 FR 31356 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Technical Assistance Experience...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for Public Comment; Technical Assistance Experience, Expertise...Members of the affected public: Private for-profit...not-for-profit, and public entities applying for funding as technical assistance providers under...

2011-05-31

359

75 FR 54898 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Restrictions on Assistance to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for Public Comment: Restrictions on Assistance to Noncitizens AGENCY...Assistant Secretary for Public and Indian Housing...seeking certain housing assistance. Members of Effected Public: Individuals or...

2010-09-09

360

78 FR 2277 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Notice of Funding Availability for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for Public Comment: Notice...Initiative: Rental Assistance Demonstration Research...Department is soliciting public comments on the...related to the Rental Assistance Demonstration...related to the Rental Assistance Demonstration...of the Affected Public: Eligible...

2013-01-10

361

76 FR 81520 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Continuum of Care Homeless...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for Public Comment; Continuum of Care Homeless Assistance Program Registration...Department is soliciting public comments on the...of Care Homeless Assistance (CoC) program...of the affected public: CoC Lead...

2011-12-28

362

77 FR 35683 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Public Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Comment Request; Public Health Service Guideline on Infectious...of information contained in the Public Health Service (PHS) guideline entitled...guideline is intended to address public health issues raised by...

2012-06-14

363

76 FR 25695 - Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Messaging Guide for Syndromic Surveillance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. CDC-2011-0004] Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Messaging...comments to the following address: Public Health Informatics and Technology Program...for a representative from the Public Health Informatics and Technology...

2011-05-05

364

42 CFR 4.8 - Publication of the Library and information about the Library.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Publication of the Library and information about the Library. 4.8 Section 4.8 Public Health ...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.8 Publication of the...

2011-10-01

365

42 CFR 4.8 - Publication of the Library and information about the Library.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Publication of the Library and information about the Library. 4.8 Section 4.8 Public Health ...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.8 Publication of the...

2010-10-01

366

42 CFR 4.8 - Publication of the Library and information about the Library.  

... 2014-10-01 false Publication of the Library and information about the Library. 4.8 Section 4.8 Public Health ...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.8 Publication of the...

2014-10-01

367

42 CFR 4.8 - Publication of the Library and information about the Library.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Publication of the Library and information about the Library. 4.8 Section 4.8 Public Health ...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.8 Publication of the...

2013-10-01

368

42 CFR 4.8 - Publication of the Library and information about the Library.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Publication of the Library and information about the Library. 4.8 Section 4.8 Public Health ...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.8 Publication of the...

2012-10-01

369

Antonio A. Casilli, Fred Pailler, Paola Tubaro "Online networks of eating-disorder websites: why censoring pro-ana might be a bad idea", Perspectives in Public  

E-print Network

Antonio A. Casilli, Fred Pailler, Paola Tubaro "Online networks of eating-disorder in Public Health, vol. 133, n.2, 2013, 94-95. Online networks of eating-disorder websites are persons living with eating disorders who often display a proactive

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

370

nature biotechnology advance online publication 1 1Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. 2Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University, Cambridge,  

E-print Network

nature biotechnology advance online publication 1 1Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. 2Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University.M.C. (gchurch@genetics.med.harvard.edu) Received 19 April; accepted 24 July; published online 1 August 2013; doi

Church, George M.

371

The New York State Library and the New York Public Library makes a wide variety of online resources available to New York State residents.  

E-print Network

The New York State Library and the New York Public Library makes a wide variety of online resources available to New York State residents. New York State Online Resources New York State Library New York State or the "NYSL R Card" link are available to any New Yorker with a NY State Driver License/Photo ID number

Suzuki, Masatsugu

372

In collaboration with Conference Information Online: interprofessional.ubc.caConference Information Online: interprofessional.ubc.ca  

E-print Network

· Interdisciplinary Teams · Lawyers · Mental Health Therapists · MCFD Staff · Nutritionists · Nurses · Occupational will be of interest to an interdisciplinary audience including: General InformationGeneral Information Description

Michelson, David G.

373

VizieR Online Data Catalog: VIMOS Public Extragalactic Survey (VIPERS) DR1 (Garilli+, 2014)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the first Public Data Release (PDR-1) of the VIMOS Public Extragalactic Survey (VIPERS). It comprises 57204 spectroscopic measurements together with all additional information necessary for optimal scientific exploitation of the data, in particular the associated photometric measurements and quantification of the photometric and survey completeness. VIPERS is an ESO Large Programme designed to build a spectroscopic sample of =~100000 galaxies with iAB<22.5 and 0.5information can be queried interactively. (4 data files).

Garilli, B.; Guzzo, L.; Scodeggio, M.; Bolzonella, M.; Abbas, U.; Adami, C.; Arnouts, S.; Bel, J.; Bottini, D.; Branchini, E.; Cappi, A.; Coupon, J.; Cucciati, O.; Davidzon, I.; de, Lucia G.; de la Torre, S.; Franzetti, P.; Fritz, A.; Fumana, M.; Granett, B. R.; Ilbert, O.; Iovino, A.; Krywult, J.; Le Brun, V.; Le Fevre, O.; Maccagni, D.; Malek, K.; Marulli, F.; McCracken, H. J.; Paioro, L.; Polletta, M.; Pollo, A.; Schlagenhaufer, H.; Tasca, L. A. M.; Tojeiro, R.; Vergani, D.; Zamorani, G.; Zanichelli, A.; Burden, A.; di Porto, C.; Marchetti, A.; Marinoni, C.; Mellier, Y.; Moscardini, L.; Nichol, R. C.; Peacock, J. A.; Percival, W. J.; Phleps, S.; Wolk, M.

2014-09-01

374

Educators and public librarians: unwitting partners in the information literacy education of South African youth?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reports on a study of the capacity of public librarians in South Africa for information literacy education. The first phase explores the conceptions of public library staff of their role in information literacy education. The second phase comprises a participant observation case study in two public libraries and interviews with teachers. The public librarians are found to have

Genevieve Hart

375

77 FR 37390 - Notice Inviting Informal Public Comment on Training and Technical Assistance and Disability...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICE Notice Inviting Informal Public Comment on Training and Technical Assistance and Disability Inclusion Programming...ACTION: Notice Inviting Informal Public Comment on Training and Technical Assistance and Disability Inclusion...

2012-06-21

376

Testing 1...2...3...: Additional Files Available for Test Information Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews databases providing information on published, standardized and unpublished, non-standardized test instruments: Educational Testing Service File, Mental Measurements Yearbook Database, Dissertation Abstracts Online, ERIC, and Psychological Abstracts. Search strategies, search examples, and a summary chart of searchable fields for test…

Fabiano, Emily

1984-01-01

377

The Effect of Instructor Information Provision on Critical Thinking in Students Using Asynchronous Online Discussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The facilitation of critical thinking is one of the most frequently discussed potential benefits of the asynchronous online discussion environment, but many studies have reported that it does not occur to any great extent. This study investigated the effect of information provided to students on the facilitation of their critical thinking outcomes…

Klisc, Chris; McGill, Tanya; Hobbs, Valerie

2012-01-01

378

What do we pay for asymmetric information? The evolution of mechanisms in online markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The appearance of the Internet reduces transaction costs greatly, and brings the boom of online markets. While we are trying to regard it as the most realistic approximation of perfect competition market, the asymmetric information and a series of problems caused by it stop us from dreaming. As the old saying goes, there is no free lunch. This summer witnessed

Liyun Chen

2009-01-01

379

Design Features of On-Line Anatomy Information Resources: A Comparison with the Digital Anatomist  

E-print Network

. In addition to videodisks and CD-ROMs, hundreds of anatomy web sites present Visible Human and other1 Design Features of On-Line Anatomy Information Resources: A Comparison with the Digital Anatomist for learning and teaching anatomy as medical students, and have also examined available anatomy web sites

Washington at Seattle, University of

380

Information Systems 32 (2007) 402423 Browsing large online data tables using generalized  

E-print Network

of the data, require users to fill lengthy electronic forms. The designers of such interfaces generally assume or the willingness to learn a complex querying mechanism or the patience to fill in a lengthy form. Finally, usersInformation Systems 32 (2007) 402­423 Browsing large online data tables using generalized query

Shneiderman, Ben

381

Examining the Relationship between Online Travel Agency Information and Traveler Destination Transaction Decisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the role that available Online Travel Agency (OTA) destination information may have on a traveler's perceptions and intent in transaction decisions with that respective OTA. Specifically, this research examined a pleasure traveler's transaction perceptions and intentions with an OTA…

Yerby, Dennis

2012-01-01

382

English Collocation Learning through Corpus Data: On-Line Concordance and Statistical Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We developed an English Collocations On Demand system offering on-line corpus and concordance information to help Japanese researchers acquire a better command of English collocation patterns. The Life Science Dictionary Corpus consists of approximately 90,000,000 words collected from life science related research papers published in academic…

Ohtake, Hiroshi; Fujita, Nobuyuki; Kawamoto, Takeshi; Morren, Brian; Ugawa, Yoshihiro; Kaneko, Shuji

2012-01-01

383

Online Health Information (OHI) Utilization among Selected Worksite Employees in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study compared Internet and online health information (OHI) utilization among selected employees age 40-49 and 50-64 years, and examined the influence of age, gender, education, and worksite. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to participants from two worksites in Taiwan. Results: A total of 527 employees completed the survey…

Hou, Su-I; Hsiao, Tun-Jen; Hou, Peng-Hsi

2012-01-01

384

SAMPLE INTERNSHIP DESCRIPTION NOT CURRENTLY OPEN FOR INFORMATION ONLY Online and Wholesale Internship  

E-print Network

SAMPLE INTERNSHIP DESCRIPTION ­ NOT CURRENTLY OPEN ­ FOR INFORMATION ONLY Online and Wholesale Internship Global Exchange Do you want to break into the world of socially conscious business? Be a part, media relations and blog outreach projects. · Help with Customer Service and outreach · Work on eBay/World

385

Cohort Analysis of Online Travel Information Search Behavior: 1995-2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to distinguish changes in online travel information search behavior among genera- tional (baby boomer and Generation X) cohorts between 1995 and 2000. Although significant increases in travel in- formation search behavior were found across all cohorts be- tween the two periods, the study also found that older baby boomer cohorts reported greater increases in

SRIKANTH BELDONA

2005-01-01

386

Changes in Propensity to Search for Travel Information Online Over Time: A Cohort Analytical Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the causal relationship between changes in online travel information searching behavior and the effects of biological age, time of travel, and generational cohort over time. Household data of 1997 and 2002 were utilized for this study. Independent samples t-tests and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were carried out to test the relationship

Chang Huh; William Frye

2011-01-01

387

Gender differences in online travel information search: Implications for marketing communications on the internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gender has been and continues to be one of the most common forms of segmentation used by marketers in general and advertisers in particular. In general, males and females are likely to differ in information processes and decision making. The growing predominance of Internet use has further highlighted the need for understanding online users’ attitudes and behaviors from a gender

Xinran Y. Lehto; Alastair M. Morrison

2007-01-01

388

Babbling before banking? Online communities and pre-purchase information seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explain the use of online communities for information seeking in the financial products purchasing process and identify relevant usage antecedents. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A theoretical framework is proposed based on the three dimensions community, environment and user characteristics. Subsequently, a representative survey among German consumers is described, illustrating the value of the

Sven C. Berger; Christian M. Messerschmidt

2009-01-01

389

Digital Immigrants, Digital Learning: Reaching Adults through Information Literacy Instruction Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As information literacy programs become more robust, finding methods of reaching students beyond the traditional undergraduate has become a priority for many institutions. At Duquesne University, efforts have been made to reach adult learners in an accelerated program targeted to nontraditional students, much of which is provided online. This…

Rapchak, Marcia; Behary, Robert

2013-01-01

390

Information Resources on Online at the Reference Desk. A Selected ERIC Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventeen articles and reports published between 1982 and 1984 and cited in "Current Index to Journals in Education" and "Resources in Education" are listed in this bibliography on online services at the reference desk. Topics include interpersonal relations as a necessary part of the information transfer process; role of the searcher versus that…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources, Syracuse, NY.

391

Online information seeking for cardiovascular diseases: a case study from Mayo Clinic.  

PubMed

The objective of this study is to understand the types of health information (health topics) that users search online for Cardiovascular Diseases, by performing categorization of health search queries (from Mayoclinic.com) using UMLS Metamap based on UMLS concepts and semantic types. PMID:25160277

Jadhav, Ashutosh; Wu, Stephen; Sheth, Amit; Pathak, Jyotishman

2014-01-01

392

A Taxonomy of Collaboration in Online Information Seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

People can help other people find information in networked information seeking environments. Recently, many such systems and algorithms have proliferated in industry and in academia. Unfortunately, it is difficult to compare the systems in meaningful ways because they often define collaboration in different ways. In this paper, we propose a model of possible kinds of collaboration, and illustrate it with

Gene Golovchinsky; Jeremy Pickens; Maribeth Back

2009-01-01

393

Dynamic Digital Maps: On-line Publication of Representative "Local" Geology in a Plate Tectonic Setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of Dynamic Digital Maps (DDMs) offers the geologic community a combination of attributes which allow the on-line publication of spatially related, highly quantitative data, to be set in a local or regional environment which lets both professional and students make inquiry based observations, and makes these data easily available for analyses. The DDM does this by displaying analytical data, images and movies from links at sample site locations on maps or images in a friendly user interface. Macintosh-only prototypes of two of these DDMs [Springerville Volcanic Field (DDM-SVF) and Tatara-San Pedro volcanic complex (DDM-TSP)] have been used in university petrology classes; the latter program has been converted to a template from which other DDMs can be made. This DDM.Template is presently being ported to a cross-platform web-enabled programming environment (MetaCard - Revolution). An example of a map produced in the process of creating this port, the DDM of New England (DDM-NE) includes six geologic field trips and the State Geologic Map of Massachusetts, and can be obtained from the URL http://ddm.geo.umass.edu. The use of these three maps allows what is essentially access to representative "local" geology in three global plate tectonic settings: a subduction zone (the Andes, DDM-TSP), a continental interior monogenetic volcanic field (DDM-SVF) and a failed rift valley (the Deerfield Basin within the DDM.NE). Because the DDM.Template provides locations for text and captions to be inserted for use at several user levels (e.g. the professional geologist, the beginning geoscientist, and the layman or perhaps middle-school student) the use of DDMs also provides a much needed outreach mechanism for the geosciences.

Condit, C. D.

2002-12-01

394

Online Maps and Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the California Geological Survey, the Online Maps and Data site contains information focused on natural hazards. Topics include minerals, earthquakes, and landslide and erosion hazards. The site also includes the General Location Guide for Ultramafic Rocks in California. The site also has links to a publications page and a new interactive mapping program called the Seismic Hazards Mapping Web page.

2000-01-01

395

76 FR 53692 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: United States Postal Service...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public...Service Vacancy Data User Verification Page...SUMMARY: The proposed information collection requirement...FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dwight M. Jefferson...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Department...Service Vacancy Data User Verification...

2011-08-29

396

Privacy concern and online personalization: The moderating effects of information control and compensation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Firms have at their disposal an increasing amount of personal information about consumers gathered through various means.\\u000a Studies find that personalizing online interactions improves customer relationships and increases desirable behaviors, such\\u000a as positive word-of-mouth and increased purchase intent. However, other research suggests that the use of personal information\\u000a stimulates privacy concern, which has a negative effect on behavior. This study

David G. Taylor; Donna F. Davis; Ravi Jillapalli

2009-01-01

397

Optical disk toxic information online system at Sumitomo Chemical Co. through telecommunication network in Japan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Toxicity data about several hundred chemicals, handled and commercialized by Sumitomo Chemical Co., have been collected and estimated. These data are stored in an optical disk filing system "sanfile 8500D". Because the system is mounted with a keyword input panel "Word selecter", information retrieval system is simplified but precised. Online system through telecommunication network is extended between Sumitomo Chemical's works, laboratories, and others. Image informations are mailed from installed facsimili in sanfile 8500D directly.

Kishida, Fumio; Omodaka, Hisakata; Ishihara, Koichiro; Yamada, Yoshinori; Kato, Hiromi

398

Information retrieval and terminology extraction in online resources for patients with diabetes.  

PubMed

Terminology use, as a mean for information retrieval or document indexing, plays an important role in health literacy. Specific types of users, i.e. patients with diabetes need access to various online resources (on foreign and/or native language) searching for information on self-education of basic diabetic knowledge, on self-care activities regarding importance of dietetic food, medications, physical exercises and on self-management of insulin pumps. Automatic extraction of corpus-based terminology from online texts, manuals or professional papers, can help in building terminology lists or list of "browsing phrases" useful in information retrieval or in document indexing. Specific terminology lists represent an intermediate step between free text search and controlled vocabulary, between user's demands and existing online resources in native and foreign language. The research aiming to detect the role of terminology in online resources, is conducted on English and Croatian manuals and Croatian online texts, and divided into three interrelated parts: i) comparison of professional and popular terminology use ii) evaluation of automatic statistically-based terminology extraction on English and Croatian texts iii) comparison and evaluation of extracted terminology performed on English manual using statistical and hybrid approaches. Extracted terminology candidates are evaluated by comparison with three types of reference lists: list created by professional medical person, list of highly professional vocabulary contained in MeSH and list created by non-medical persons, made as intersection of 15 lists. Results report on use of popular and professional terminology in online diabetes resources, on evaluation of automatically extracted terminology candidates in English and Croatian texts and on comparison of statistical and hybrid extraction methods in English text. Evaluation of automatic and semi-automatic terminology extraction methods is performed by recall, precision and f-measure. PMID:25145011

Seljan, Sanja; Bareti?, Maja; Kucis, Vlasta

2014-06-01

399

Gap in publication of comparative information on new medicines  

PubMed Central

AIMS To determine the time-lag between the EU authorization of new medicines and the publications of the main randomized active control trials (RaCTs) used in the authorization process and to compare unpublished with published RaCTs of the same medicine. METHODS All RaCTs for new medicines with a new active substance, authorized between 1999 and 2003, were extracted from the European Public Assessment Reports (EPAR). Information about the publication status of RaCTs was obtained from the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases. RESULTS We identified 116 RaCTs for 42 new medicines; 28% of the RaCTs had been published at the moment of market authorization, 59% after 1 year, 78% after 2 and 83% after 3 years. Most of the rest of the studies remained unpublished after 3 years of follow-up. Unpublished RaCTs differed from published trials of the same medicine especially regarding therapeutic use and/or comparator. In some cases unpublished trials have influenced the risk : benefit asssessment of the registration authorities. CONCLUSIONS Most of the main RaCTs, relevant for assessing the added value of a new medicine, are published subsequent to market entry; some of these trials remain unpublished. We argue for a standardized public registration of the results of the main premarketing clinical trials as a condition for market authorization. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT Randomized active control trials are used by health care professionals and reimbursement authorities for the assessment of the added value of a new medicine. Failing to publish the results of clinical trials limits making an evidence based assessment and conducting systematic reviews. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS About one-third of the comparative trials used in the authorization process are published at the moment of market authorization and about four out of five within 2 or 3 years. Most of the rest remain unpublished. Unpublished trials contain information regarding a different therapeutic use or a different comparator of the same medicine and, in some cases, have influenced the risk : benefit assessment of the registration authorities. A standardized public registration of results of the main premarketing trials is advocated to fill the publication gap. PMID:18294324

van Luijn, Johan C F; Stolk, Pieter; Gribnau, Frank W J; Leufkens, Hubert G M

2008-01-01

400

Linking NASA Environmental Data with a National Public Health Cohort Study and a CDC On-Line System to Enhance Public Health Decision Making  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The overall goal of this study is to address issues of environmental health and enhance public health decision making by utilizing NASA remotely-sensed data and products. This study is a collaboration between NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Universities Space Research Association (USRA), the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Public Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for Public Health Informatics. The objectives of this study are to develop high-quality spatial data sets of environmental variables, link these with public health data from a national cohort study, and deliver the linked data sets and associated analyses to local, state and federal end-user groups. Three daily environmental data sets were developed for the conterminous U.S. on different spatial resolutions for the period 2003-2008: (1) spatial surfaces of estimated fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposures on a 10-km grid utilizing the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ground observations and NASA s MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data; (2) a 1-km grid of Land Surface Temperature (LST) using MODIS data; and (3) a 12-km grid of daily Solar Insolation (SI) and maximum and minimum air temperature using the North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS) forcing data. These environmental datasets were linked with public health data from the UAB REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) national cohort study to determine whether exposures to these environmental risk factors are related to cognitive decline and other health outcomes. These environmental national datasets will also be made available to public health professionals, researchers and the general public via the CDC Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER) system, where they can be aggregated to the county, state or regional level as per users need and downloaded in tabular, graphical, and map formats. The linkage of these data provides a useful addition to CDC WONDER, allowing public health researchers and policy makers to better include environmental exposure data in the context of other health data available in this online system. It also substantially expands public access to NASA data, making their use by a wide range of decision makers feasible.

Al-Hamdan, Mohammad; Crosson, William; Economou, Sigrid; Estes, Maurice, Jr.; Estes, Sue; Hemmings, Sarah; Kent, Shia; Puckett, Mark; Quattrochi, Dale; Wade, Gina; McClure, Leslie

2012-01-01

401

Are On-Line Data Bases in Your Library's Future?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FOLLOWING IS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT: Today there are over 900 on-line data banks available for public access. Most microcomputers can use them through the aid of a modem and communication program. Major public information utilities that offer access to these on-line data bases are growing and expanding. The Source, a data base utility…

Deacon, Jim

1983-01-01

402

Analysis of Online Social Networks to Understand Information Sharing Behaviors Through Social Cognitive Theory  

SciTech Connect

Analyzing the contents of online social networks is an effective process for monitoring and understanding peoples behaviors. Since the nature of conversation and information propagation is similar to traditional conversation and learning, one of the popular socio-cognitive methods, social cognitive theory was applied to online social networks to. Two major news topics about colon cancer were chosen to monitor traffic of Twitter messages. The activity of leaders on the issue (i.e., news companies or people will prior Twitter activity on topics related to colon cancer) was monitored. In addition, the activity of followers , people who never discussed the topics before, but replied to the discussions was also monitored. Topics that produce tangible benefits such as positive outcomes from appropriate preventive actions received dramatically more attention and online social media traffic. Such characteristics can be explained with social cognitive theory and thus present opportunities for effective health campaigns.

Yoon, Hong-Jun [ORNL] [ORNL; Tourassi, Georgia [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01

403

Confirmation Bias in Web-Based Search: A Randomized Online Study on the Effects of Expert Information and Social Tags on Information Search and Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Background The public typically believes psychotherapy to be more effective than pharmacotherapy for depression treatments. This is not consistent with current scientific evidence, which shows that both types of treatment are about equally effective. Objective The study investigates whether this bias towards psychotherapy guides online information search and whether the bias can be reduced by explicitly providing expert information (in a blog entry) and by providing tag clouds that implicitly reveal experts’ evaluations. Methods A total of 174 participants completed a fully automated Web-based study after we invited them via mailing lists. First, participants read two blog posts by experts that either challenged or supported the bias towards psychotherapy. Subsequently, participants searched for information about depression treatment in an online environment that provided more experts’ blog posts about the effectiveness of treatments based on alleged research findings. These blogs were organized in a tag cloud; both psychotherapy tags and pharmacotherapy tags were popular. We measured tag and blog post selection, efficacy ratings of the presented treatments, and participants’ treatment recommendation after information search. Results Participants demonstrated a clear bias towards psychotherapy (mean 4.53, SD 1.99) compared to pharmacotherapy (mean 2.73, SD 2.41; t 173=7.67, P<.001, d=0.81) when rating treatment efficacy prior to the experiment. Accordingly, participants exhibited biased information search and evaluation. This bias was significantly reduced, however, when participants were exposed to tag clouds with challenging popular tags. Participants facing popular tags challenging their bias (n=61) showed significantly less biased tag selection (F 2,168=10.61, P<.001, partial eta squared=0.112), blog post selection (F 2,168=6.55, P=.002, partial eta squared=0.072), and treatment efficacy ratings (F 2,168=8.48, P<.001, partial eta squared=0.092), compared to bias-supporting tag clouds (n=56) and balanced tag clouds (n=57). Challenging (n=93) explicit expert information as presented in blog posts, compared to supporting expert information (n=81), decreased the bias in information search with regard to blog post selection (F 1,168=4.32, P=.04, partial eta squared=0.025). No significant effects were found for treatment recommendation (Ps>.33). Conclusions We conclude that the psychotherapy bias is most effectively attenuated—and even eliminated—when popular tags implicitly point to blog posts that challenge the widespread view. Explicit expert information (in a blog entry) was less successful in reducing biased information search and evaluation. Since tag clouds have the potential to counter biased information processing, we recommend their insertion. PMID:24670677

Oeberst, Aileen; Cress, Ulrike

2014-01-01

404

Kidsource Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Kidsource Online is an extensive collection of information about raising children from newborns to adolescents. A sampling of the publications they've pulled together at the site includes "Children and Bilingualism" from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association; "Testing Your Child's Hearing" by Carol Knightly, Pediatric Audiologist; and the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA) Provides Tips to Help Parents and Kids Cope with Allergy Season. Resources are organized under top-level categories of Newborns, Toddlers, Preschoolers, K-12, Education, Health, Recreation, Forums, Organizations, and Guide to Best Software, among others.

1997-01-01

405

Does the Sun revolve around the Earth? A comparison between the general public and online survey respondents in basic scientific knowledge.  

PubMed

We conducted an online survey using a set of factual science questions that are commonly administered to assess fact-based scientific literacy. We report that the online population performed substantially better on this standard assessment than the traditional survey population. For example, it has been widely reported that 1 in 4 Americans does not know that the Earth revolves around the Sun, whereas among the online population, this ratio is reduced to 1 in 25. While new online platforms provide researchers with unprecedented ease of access to a large sample population for studying trends in public knowledge and attitudes, generalizing from online population samples to the US population at large poses a considerable challenge. We discuss the potential reasons for this discrepancy and the implications for conducting research online. PMID:25324336

Cooper, Emily A; Farid, Hany

2014-10-16

406

New Hire Pay and Benefits Information To access an online version of this Fact Sheet, go to  

E-print Network

://www.usgs.gov/humancapital/pb/eodbenefitsinfo.html Health Insurance (FEHB) FORM: Complete the SF 2809 form found online at www.opm.gov/forms/pdf_fill/sf2809: Complete the SF 2817 form found online at www.opm.gov/forms/pdf_fill/sf2817.pdf Automatically enrolledNew Hire Pay and Benefits Information To access an online version of this Fact Sheet, go to http

407

Preschoolers' Use of Talker Information in On-Line Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A crucial part of language development is learning how various social and contextual language-external factors constrain an utterance's meaning. This learning process is poorly understood. Five experiments addressed one hundred thirty-one 3- to 5-year-old children's use of one such socially relevant information source: talker characteristics.…

Creel, Sarah C.

2012-01-01

408

Evaluation of Online Catalogues: Eliciting Information from the User.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an investigation of tools, techniques, and methods for the evaluation of interactive library catalogs, with emphasis on diagnostic methods and on use of the catalog in the wider context of user information-seeking behavior. A front-end system (Olive) developed to test various enhancements of traditional transaction lodging as a…

Hancock-Beaulieu, Micheline; And Others

1991-01-01

409

Role of social media in online travel information search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social media are playing an increasingly important role as information sources for travelers. The goal of this study is to investigate the extent to which social media appear in search engine results in the context of travel-related searches. The study employed a research design that simulates a traveler's use of a search engine for travel planning by using a set

Zheng Xiang; Ulrike Gretzel

2010-01-01

410

The Price of Bandit Information for Online Optimization  

E-print Network

University of Chicago Chicago, IL 60637 varsha@cs.uchicago.edu Thomas P. Hayes Toyota Technological Institute Chicago, IL 60637 hayest@tti-c.org Sham M. Kakade Toyota Technological Institute Chicago, IL 60637 sham rates of convergence (with respect to additive regret) for both the full information setting (where

Kakade, Sham M.

411

Senate Inquiry into the Role of Libraries in the Online Environment: Submission from Public Libraries Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This submission represents the views of a newly formed organisation known as Public Libraries Australia. Formed to aggregate the political, service and infrastructure capacity of Australia's 1510 (ABS June 2000) public libraries, Public Libraries Australia will support and represent public libraries on a national basis. Networked across Australia…

Australian Library Journal, 2006

2006-01-01

412

75 FR 81191 - Public Availability of Information; Freedom of Information Act  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Secretary 49 CFR Part 7 [Docket No. OST-2010-0297] RIN 2105-AD99 Public Availability...Information Act AGENCY: Office of the Secretary (OST), Department of Transportation (DOT...being made under FOIA. (2) Display the word ``FOIA'' prominently on the...

2010-12-27

413

77 FR 20010 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Online Customer Relationship Management (CRM...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; Online Customer Relationship Management (CRM)/Performance Databases, the Online Phoenix Database, and the Online Opportunity Database AGENCY: Minority Business Development Agency (MBDA), Commerce. ACTION:...

2012-04-03

414

An online database for informing ecological network models: http://kelpforest.ucsc.edu  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ecological network models and analyses are recognized as valuable tools for understanding the dynamics and resiliency of ecosystems, and for informing ecosystem-based approaches to management. However, few databases exist that can provide the life history, demographic and species interaction information necessary to parameterize ecological network models. Faced with the difficulty of synthesizing the information required to construct models for kelp forest ecosystems along the West Coast of North America, we developed an online database (http://kelpforest.ucsc.edu/) to facilitate the collation and dissemination of such information. Many of the database's attributes are novel yet the structure is applicable and adaptable to other ecosystem modeling efforts. Information for each taxonomic unit includes stage-specific life history, demography, and body-size allometries. Species interactions include trophic, competitive, facilitative, and parasitic forms. Each data entry is temporally and spatially explicit. The online data entry interface allows researchers anywhere to contribute and access information. Quality control is facilitated by attributing each entry to unique contributor identities and source citations. The database has proven useful as an archive of species and ecosystem-specific information in the development of several ecological network models, for informing management actions, and for education purposes (e.g., undergraduate and graduate training). To facilitate adaptation of the database by other researches for other ecosystems, the code and technical details on how to customize this database and apply it to other ecosystems are freely available and located at the following link (https://github.com/kelpforest-cameo/data?baseui).

Beas-Luna, Rodrigo; Tinker, M. Tim; Novak, Mark; Carr, Mark H.; Black, August; Caselle, Jennifer E.; Hoban, Michael; Malone, Dan; Iles, Alison C.

2014-01-01

415

An Online Database for Informing Ecological Network Models: http://kelpforest.ucsc.edu  

PubMed Central

Ecological network models and analyses are recognized as valuable tools for understanding the dynamics and resiliency of ecosystems, and for informing ecosystem-based approaches to management. However, few databases exist that can provide the life history, demographic and species interaction information necessary to parameterize ecological network models. Faced with the difficulty of synthesizing the information required to construct models for kelp forest ecosystems along the West Coast of North America, we developed an online database (http://kelpforest.ucsc.edu/) to facilitate the collation and dissemination of such information. Many of the database's attributes are novel yet the structure is applicable and adaptable to other ecosystem modeling efforts. Information for each taxonomic unit includes stage-specific life history, demography, and body-size allometries. Species interactions include trophic, competitive, facilitative, and parasitic forms. Each data entry is temporally and spatially explicit. The online data entry interface allows researchers anywhere to contribute and access information. Quality control is facilitated by attributing each entry to unique contributor identities and source citations. The database has proven useful as an archive of species and ecosystem-specific information in the development of several ecological network models, for informing management actions, and for education purposes (e.g., undergraduate and graduate training). To facilitate adaptation of the database by other researches for other ecosystems, the code and technical details on how to customize this database and apply it to other ecosystems are freely available and located at the following link (https://github.com/kelpforest-cameo/databaseui). PMID:25343723

Beas-Luna, Rodrigo; Novak, Mark; Carr, Mark H.; Tinker, Martin T.; Black, August; Caselle, Jennifer E.; Hoban, Michael; Malone, Dan; Iles, Alison

2014-01-01

416

Digital Divide 2.0: The Role of Social Networking Sites in Seeking Health Information Online From a Longitudinal Perspective.  

PubMed

Adopting a longitudinal angle, this study analyzed data from the Pew Internet's Health Tracking Survey in 2006, 2008, and 2010 to identify potential communication inequalities in social networking site use. Results showed that with the growing role of social networking site use in predicting people's likelihood of seeking health information online, the socioeconomic and demographic factors that contributed to the disparities in social networking site use could also lead to disparities in seeking health information online. Also, results indicated that people are more likely to seek heath-related information online if they or their close family or friends have a chronic disease situation. PMID:25119019

Feng, Yang; Xie, Wenjing

2014-08-13

417

Emergence of Informal Educative Space out of an Anonymous Online Bulletin Board in Korea during the Global Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to understand how people learn and teach informally in an anonymous online bulletin board, the primary purpose of which is not learning and teaching. We conducted a qualitative analysis of comments and replies tagged to the most popular postings of an anonymous online bulletin board, during the global economic crisis in 2008-2009.…

Kang, Dae Joong; Choi, Seon Joo; Lee, SeungHyeop

2013-01-01

418

Evaluating the Process of Online Health Information Searching: A Qualitative Approach to Exploring Consumer Perspectives  

PubMed Central

Background The Internet is a common resource that patients and consumers use to access health-related information. Multiple practical, cultural, and socioeconomic factors influence why, when, and how people utilize this tool. Improving the delivery of health-related information necessitates a thorough understanding of users’ searching-related needs, preferences, and experiences. Although a wide body of quantitative research examining search behavior exists, qualitative approaches have been under-utilized and provide unique perspectives that may prove useful in improving the delivery of health information over the Internet. Objective We conducted this study to gain a deeper understanding of online health-searching behavior in order to inform future developments of personalizing information searching and content delivery. Methods We completed three focus groups with adult residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, which explored perceptions of online health information searching. Participants were recruited through flyers and classifieds advertisements posted throughout the community. We audio-recorded and transcribed all focus groups, and analyzed data using standard qualitative methods. Results Almost all participants reported using the Internet to gather health information. They described a common experience of searching, filtering, and comparing results in order to obtain information relevant to their intended search target. Information saturation and fatigue were cited as main reasons for terminating searching. This information was often used as a resource to enhance their interactions with health care providers. Conclusions Many participants viewed the Internet as a valuable tool for finding health information in order to support their existing health care resources. Although the Internet is a preferred source of health information, challenges persist in streamlining the search process. Content providers should continue to develop new strategies and technologies aimed at accommodating diverse populations, vocabularies, and health information needs. PMID:25348028

Fiksdal, Alexander S; Kumbamu, Ashok; Jadhav, Ashutosh S; Cocos, Cristian; Nelsen, Laurie A; Pathak, Jyotishman

2014-01-01

419

75 FR 4389 - Notice of Public Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMISSION Notice of Public Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments...SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part...comment on the following information collection(s...forms of information technology; and (e) ways...

2010-01-27

420

A system dynamics evaluation model: implementation of health information exchange for public health reporting  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the complex dynamics involved in implementing electronic health information exchange (HIE) for public health reporting at a state health department, and to identify policy implications to inform similar implementations. Materials and methods Qualitative data were collected over 8?months from seven experts at New York State Department of Health who implemented web services and protocols for querying, receipt, and validation of electronic data supplied by regional health information organizations. Extensive project documentation was also collected. During group meetings experts described the implementation process and created reference modes and causal diagrams that the evaluation team used to build a preliminary model. System dynamics modeling techniques were applied iteratively to build causal loop diagrams representing the implementation. The diagrams were validated iteratively by individual experts followed by group review online, and through confirmatory review of documents and artifacts. Results Three casual loop diagrams captured well-recognized system dynamics: Sliding Goals, Project Rework, and Maturity of Resources. The findings were associated with specific policies that address funding, leadership, ensuring expertise, planning for rework, communication, and timeline management. Discussion This evaluation illustrates the value of a qualitative approach to system dynamics modeling. As a tool for strategic thinking on complicated and intense processes, qualitative models can be produced with fewer resources than a full simulation, yet still provide insights that are timely and relevant. Conclusions System dynamics techniques clarified endogenous and exogenous factors at play in a highly complex technology implementation, which may inform other states engaged in implementing HIE supported by federal Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) legislation. PMID:23292910

Merrill, Jacqueline A; Deegan, Michael; Wilson, Rosalind V; Kaushal, Rainu; Fredericks, Kimberly

2013-01-01

421

19 CFR 103.3 - Publication of information in the Federal Register.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Publication of information in the Federal Register. 103.3 Section 103.3 Customs...Publication of information in the Federal Register. (a) Requirements. Subject...publish and keep current in the Federal Register for the guidance of the public...

2010-04-01

422

A Compendium of On-Line Soil Survey Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by scientist D.J. Rossiter of the International Institute for Aerospace Survey & Earth Sciences (ITC), this metasite lists research institutions, databases, journals, and classification schemes and models dealing with soil science. The Learning Resource page contains links to soil science glossaries, Rossiter's own course materials, as well as educational sites from University of Alberta, Cornell University, and others. The Computer Programs page takes users to sites featuring software (some free, some for sale) for soil data management, geostatistics, and topographics. The Methods and Techniques page lists manuals and handbooks (The USDA Soil Survey Manual, for example). Links to journals such as the Australian Journal of Soil Research and Geoderma can be found on the journals page. Other sections of the Compendium include Applications and Models, Land Evaluation, Digital Soil Geographic Databases, Bibliography, and a photo gallery. This metasite provides a wide array of information for researchers in soil science, geoscience, or agriculture.

423

77 FR 76064 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Reform Act: Changes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requirements for the Public Housing and Section 8 Assistance Programs AGENCY...policies relating to public housing and Section 8 assistance programs implemented...Requirements in the Public Housing and Section 8 Assistance Programs. OMB...

2012-12-26

424

Information Security Awareness On-Line Materials Design with Knowledge Maps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information Security Awareness, though known as a primary and important issue in the domain of Information Security, CSI computer crime and security survey showed poor security awareness training in public and private sectors. In many studies, the authors have found that the usage of knowledge maps helps the process of learning and conception…

Shaw, Ruey-Shiang; Keh, Huan-Chao; Huang, Nan-Ching; Huang, Tien-Chuan

2011-01-01

425

Toward Management and Imputation of Unavailable Data in Online Advanced Traveler Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advanced traveler information systems (ATIS) deliver information derived from intelligent transportation systems data. ATIS continue to emerge and grow in popularity, as some of these systems are public and freely available. ATIS performance and perceived usefulness depends, among several design factors, on the reliability and quality of its data sources, especially when the systems are reporting current conditions. We present

Rafael J. Fernaindez-Moctezuma; Kristin A. Tufte; David Maier; Robert L. Bertini

2007-01-01

426

77 FR 53211 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Accountability in the Provision of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for Public Comment: Accountability in the Provision of HUD Assistance ``Applicant/Recipient...Department is soliciting public comments on the subject...integrity in the provision of assistance administered by the...

2012-08-31

427

77 FR 27467 - Proposed Information Collection; Request for Public Comment: Indian Health Service Loan Repayment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Proposed Information...Collection; Request for Public Comment: Indian Health Service Loan Repayment...requires 30 days for public comment on proposed...projects, the Indian Health Service (IHS)...

2012-05-10

428

78 FR 7436 - Request for Public Comment: 30-Day Proposed Information Collection: Indian Health Service...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AND HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Request for Public Comment: 30-Day Proposed...Information Collection: Indian Health Service Contract Health Services...contract with the IHS. Affected Public: Patients, health and medical care...

2013-02-01

429

76 FR 39418 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial Management Template AGENCY: Office of...Proposal: Public Housing Financial Management Template. OMB Approval Number...housing agencies to submit financial information annually to...

2011-07-06

430

76 FR 36565 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection to OMB; Public Housing Financial Management Template AGENCY: Office of...Proposal: Public Housing Financial Management Template. OMB Approval Number...housing agencies to submit financial information annually to...

2011-06-22

431

75 FR 36387 - Informational Public Meetings for Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AGENCY [FRL-9168-2] Informational Public Meetings for Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study; Correction AGENCY: Environmental...Register of June 21, 2010, announcing public meetings for the Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study. The document contained an...

2010-06-25

432

Online integrated solution to collect data, generate information and manage events in the human biomonitoring field.  

PubMed

In the ambit of Work Package 1 of the ESBIO Project, an online integrated solution to collect data, to generate information, and to manage mainly information-sharing events related with human biomonitoring within Europe has been designed and is being implemented. The present paper summarises the methodological approaches used by the authors as proposers, general promoters and disseminators of this strategic concept, as well as the first outcomes and future actions to be taken, in the short and longer term, to face present and future challenges to make this innovative solution happen. PMID:17344095

Reis, M Fátima; Tedim, João; Aguiar, Pedro; Miguel, J Pereira; Casteleyn, Ludwine; Joas, Reinhard; Van Tongelen, Birgit

2007-05-01

433

The Design of Individual Knowledge Sharing Platform Based on Blog for Online Information Literacy Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Knowledge sharing means that an individual, team and organization share the knowledge with other members of the organization in the course of activities through the various ways. This paper analyzes the obstacle factors in knowledge sharing based on the technical point, and chooses the Blog technology to build a platform for improving knowledge sharing between individuals. The construction of the platform is an important foundation for information literacy education, and it also can be used to achieve online information literacy education. Finally, it gives a detailed analysis of its functions, advantages and disadvantages.

Qun, Zeng; Xiaocheng, Zhong

434

Patient Perspectives on Online Health Information and Communication With Doctors: A Qualitative Study of Patients 50 Years Old and Over  

PubMed Central

Background As health care systems around the world shift toward models that emphasize self-care management, there is increasing pressure for patients to obtain health information online. It is critical that patients are able to identify potential problems with using the Internet to diagnose and treat a health issue and that they feel comfortable communicating with their doctor about the health information they acquire from the Internet. Objective Our aim was to examine patient-identified (1) problems with using the Internet to identify and treat a health issue, (2) barriers to communication with a doctor about online health information seeking, and (3) facilitators of communication with a doctor about patient searches for health information on the Internet. Methods For this qualitative exploratory study, semistructured interviews were conducted with a sample of 56 adults age 50 years old and over. General concerns regarding use of the Internet to diagnose and treat a health issue were examined separately for participants based on whether they had ever discussed health information obtained through the Internet with a doctor. Discussions about barriers to and facilitators of communication about patient searches for health information on the Internet with a doctor were analyzed using thematic analysis. Results Six higher-level general concerns emerged: (1) limitations in own ability, (2) credibility/limitations of online information, (3) anxiety, (4) time consumption, (5) conflict, and (6) non-physical harm. The most prevalent concern raised by participants who communicated with a doctor about their online health information seeking related to the credibility or limitations in online information. Participants who had never communicated with a doctor about their online health information seeking most commonly reported concerns about non-physical harm. Four barriers to communication emerged: (1) concerns about embarrassment, (2) concerns that the doctor doesn’t want to hear about it, (3) belief that there is no need to bring it up, and (4) forgetting to bring it up. Facilitators of communication included: (1) having a family member present at doctor visits, (2) doctor-initiated inquiries, and (3) encountering an advertisement that suggested talking with a doctor. Conclusions Overall, participants displayed awareness of potential problems related to online health information seeking. Findings from this study point to a set of barriers as well as facilitators of communication about online health information seeking between patients and doctors. This study highlights the need for enhanced patient communication skills, eHealth literacy assessments that are accompanied by targeted resources pointing individuals to high-quality credible online health information, and the need to remind patients of the importance of consulting a medical professional when they use online health resources to diagnose and treat a health issue. PMID:25586865

2015-01-01

435

2011NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. nature structural & molecular biology advance online publication  

E-print Network

©2011NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. nature structural & molecular biology advance online flies is sufficient to cause pathology mimicking that found in individuals with TDP-43 proteinopathy19,20 for Genetic Medicine, Lurie Cancer Center, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA

Wu, Jane Y.

436

2012NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. nature neurOSCIenCe advance online publication  

E-print Network

,000 inhibi- tory (I) model neurons. Connections involving inhibitory neurons were nonspecific, occurring with probability pEE = 0.2. Synaptic dynamics were consistent with fast-acting excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters (see Online Methods). We began by replicating the known asynchronous dynamics of uni- form (non

Doiron, Brent

437

Freedom of Information Act Resolution WHEREAS, P.A. 442 of 1976 (Michigan Freedom of Information Act) provides public access to  

E-print Network

is then receiving public assistance or, if not receiving public assistance, stating facts showing inability to pay Act) provides public access to certain public records of a public body; and WHEREAS, Section 4 of the Michigan Freedom of Information Act permits a public body to charge a fee for a public record search

de Doncker, Elise

438

36 CFR 902.21 - Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of information that affects the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of information...INFORMATION ACT Publication in the Federal Register § 902.21 Publication in the Federal Register shall be constructive notice of...

2010-07-01

439

Finding online health-related information: usability issues of health portals.  

PubMed

As Internet and computers become widespread, health portals offering online health-related information become more popular. The most important point for health portals is presenting reliable and valid information. Besides, portal needs to be usable to be able to serve information to users effectively. This study aims to determine usability issues emerging when health-related information is searched on a health portal. User-based usability tests are conducted and eye movement analyses are used in addition to traditional performance measures. Results revealed that users prefer systematic, simple and consistent designs offering interactive tools. Moreover, content and partitions needs to be shaped according to the medical knowledge of target users. PMID:22874312

Gurel Koybasi, Nergis A; Cagiltay, Kursat

2012-01-01

440

75 FR 11534 - Notice of Public Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commissions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commissions for Extension Under...2010 SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-03-11

441

75 FR 69439 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission for Extension Under...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-11-12

442

76 FR 15980 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2011. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2011-03-22

443

75 FR 12239 - Notice of Public Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission for Extension Under...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-03-15

444

75 FR 20352 - Notice of Public Information Collection Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-04-19

445

75 FR 10263 - Notice of Public Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-03-05

446

75 FR 6663 - Notice of Public Information Collections Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2010. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2010-02-10

447

76 FR 3892 - Notice of Public Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Notice of Public Information...Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments Requested...2011. SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission, as part of its...

2011-01-21

448

40 CFR 68.210 - Availability of information to the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Other Requirements § 68.210 Availability of information to the public. (a) The RMP...

2010-07-01

449

36 CFR 73.17 - Public information and education activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1... Section 73.17 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION § 73...approved for inclusion on the World Heritage List are...

2010-07-01

450

An Exploration of the Roles of Communication Apprehension, Online Technology Self-Efficacy, and Retention in an Online Public Speaking Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the growth rate of online learning continues to increase, online courses are yielding higher attrition rates compared to traditional learning courses (Carswell, Thomas, Petre, Price, & Richards, 2000; Clark & Jones, 2001; Nash, 2005; Park & Choi, 2009). The literature has previously linked online technology self-efficacy and…

Stout, Carla Sulivant

2012-01-01

451

Training Needs and Preferences of Adult Public Library Clients in the Use of Online Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of a study into the provision of Internet training for adult public library clients. The study, which was completed in 2008, forms part of a larger investigation into the characteristics, preferences and needs of adult public library clients in New South Wales. The aim of this section of the investigation is to…

Ruthven, Joan

2010-01-01

452

The Digital Revolution and Higher Education: College Presidents, Public Differ on Value of Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based on findings from a pair of Pew Research Center surveys conducted in spring 2011. One is a telephone survey of a nationally representative sample of 2,142 adults ages 18 and older. The other is an online survey, done in association with the Chronicle of Higher Education, among the presidents of 1,055 two-year and four-year…

Parker, Kim; Lenhart, Amanda; Moore, Kathleen

2011-01-01

453

A call for a moratorium on the .health generic top-level domain: preventing the commercialization and exclusive control of online health information.  

PubMed

In just a few weeks, the Internet could be expanded to include a new .health generic top-level domain name run by a for-profit company with virtually no public health credentials - unless the international community intervenes immediately. This matters to the future of global public health as the "Health Internet" has begun to emerge as the predominant source of health information for consumers and patients. Despite this increasing use and reliance on online health information that may have inadequate quality or reliability, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) recently announced it intends to move forward with an auction to award the exclusive, 10 year rights to the .health generic top-level domain name. This decision is being made over the protests of the World Medical Association, World Health Organization, and other stakeholders, who have called for a suspension or delay until key questions can be resolved. However, rather than engage in constructive dialogue with the public health community over its concerns, ICANN chose the International Chamber of Commerce-a business lobbying group for industries to adjudicate the .health concerns. This has resulted in a rejection of challenges filed by ICANN's own independent watchdog and others, such that ICANN's Board decided in June 2014 that there are "no noted objections to move forward" in auctioning the .health generic top-level domain name to the highest bidder before the end of the year. This follows ICANN's award of several other health-related generic top-level domain names that have been unsuccessfully contested. In response, we call for an immediate moratorium/suspension of the ICANN award/auction process in order to provide the international public health community time to ensure the proper management and governance of health information online. PMID:25283176

Mackey, Tim K; Eysenbach, Gunther; Liang, Bryan A; Kohler, Jillian C; Geissbuhler, Antoine; Attaran, Amir

2014-09-26

454

An On-line Technology Information System (OTIS) for Advanced Life Support  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

OTIS is an on-line communication platform designed for smooth flow of technology information between advanced life support (ALS) technology developers, researchers, system analysts, and managers. With pathways for efficient transfer of information, several improvements in the ALS Program will result. With OTIS, it will be possible to provide programmatic information for technology developers and researchers, technical information for analysts, and managerial decision support. OTIS is a platform that enables the effective research, development, and delivery of complex systems for life support. An electronic data collection form has been developed for the solid waste element, drafted by the Solid Waste Working Group. Forms for other elements (air revitalization, water recovery, food processing, biomass production and thermal control) will also be developed, based on lessons learned from the development of the solid waste form. All forms will be developed by consultation with other working groups, comprised of experts in the area of interest. Forms will be converted to an on-line data collection interface that technology developers will use to transfer information into OTIS. Funded technology developers will log in to OTIS annually to complete the element- specific forms for their technology. The type and amount of information requested expands as the technology readiness level (TRL) increases. The completed forms will feed into a regularly updated and maintained database that will store technology information and allow for database searching. To ensure confidentiality of proprietary information, security permissions will be customized for each user. Principal investigators of a project will be able to designate certain data as proprietary and only technical monitors of a task, ALS Management, and the principal investigator will have the ability to view this information. The typical OTIS user will be able to read all non-proprietary information about all projects.Interaction with the database will occur over encrypted connections, and data will be stored on the server in an encrypted form. Implementation of OTIS will initiate a community-accessible repository of technology development information. With OTIS, ALS element leads and managers will be able to carry out informed technology selection for programmatic decisions. OTIS will also allow analysts to make accurate evaluations of technology options. Additionally, the range and specificity of information solicited will help educate technology developers of program needs. With augmentation, OTIS reporting is capable of replacing the current fiscal year-end reporting process. Overall, the system will enable more informed R&TD decisions and more rapid attainment of ALS Program goals.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hogan, John A.; Rodriquez, Luis

2003-01-01

455

E-SovTox: An online database of the main publicly-available sources of toxicity data concerning REACH-relevant chemicals published in the Russian language.  

PubMed

A new open-access online database, E-SovTox, is presented. E-SovTox provides toxicological data for substances relevant to the EU Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) system, from publicly-available Russian language data sources. The database contains information selected mainly from scientific journals published during the Soviet Union era. The main information source for this database - the journal, Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevania [Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases], published between 1957 and 1992 - features acute, but also chronic, toxicity data for numerous industrial chemicals, e.g. for rats, mice, guinea-pigs and rabbits. The main goal of the abovementioned toxicity studies was to derive the maximum allowable concentration limits for industrial chemicals in the occupational health settings of the former Soviet Union. Thus, articles featured in the database include mostly data on LD50 values, skin and eye irritation, skin sensitisation and cumulative properties. Currently, the E-SovTox database contains toxicity data selected from more than 500 papers covering more than 600 chemicals. The user is provided with the main toxicity information, as well as abstracts of these papers in Russian and in English (given as provided in the original publication). The search engine allows cross-searching of the database by the name or CAS number of the compound, and the author of the paper. The E-SovTox database can be used as a decision-support tool by researchers and regulators for the hazard assessment of chemical substances. PMID:20822322

Sihtmäe, Mariliis; Blinova, Irina; Aruoja, Villem; Dubourguier, Henri-Charles; Legrand, Nicolas; Kahru, Anne

2010-08-01

456

'Intimate mothering publics': comparing face-to-face support groups and Internet use for women seeking information and advice in the transition to first-time motherhood.  

PubMed

This paper seeks to contribute to an understanding of the changing nature of support and information-seeking practices for women in the transition to first-time motherhood. In the context of increasing digitalisation, the significance of new virtual spaces for parenting is discussed. The paper demonstrates how women seek out alternative forms of expertise (specifically, non-medical expertise) and social support. The author argues for the importance of 'intimate mothering publics' through which women gather experiential information and practical support. These publics can act as a space for women to 'test' or legitimise their new identity as a mother. Intimate mothering publics are particularly useful for thinking about the meaning-making practices and learning experiences that occur during intimate online and face-to-face interactions. A variety of types of online support may be used during pregnancy. Surreptitious support in particular involves users invisibly receiving advice, information and reassurance that might otherwise be lacking. Access to intimate mothering publics is motivated by a number of factors, including feelings of community or acceptance, the desire to be a good mother or parent, emotional support and the need for practical and experiential advice. PMID:25339096

Johnson, Sophia Alice

2015-02-01

457

New institutional mechanisms to bridge the information gap between climate science and public policy decisions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many decision makers lack actionable scientific information needed to prepare for future challenges associated with climate change. Although the scope and quality of available scientific information has increased dramatically in recent years, this information does not always reach - or is not presented in a form that is useful to - decision makers who need it. The producer (i.e. scientists) community tends to be stovepiped, even though consumers (i.e. decision makers) often need interdisciplinary science and analysis. Consumers, who may also be stovepiped in various agencies or subject areas, may lack familiarity with or access to these separate communities, as well as the tools or time to navigate scientific information and disciplines. Closing the communication gap between these communities could be facilitated by institutionalizing processes designed for this purpose. We recommend a variety of mainstreaming policies within the consumer community, as well as mechanisms to generate a strong demand signal that will resonate more strongly with the producer community. We also recommend institutional reforms and methods of incentivizing policy-oriented scientific analysis within the producer community. Our recommendations focus on improving information flow to national security and foreign policy decision makers, but many are relevant to public policy writ large. Recommendations for Producers 1. The scientific community should formally encourage collaborations between natural and social scientists and reward publications in interdisciplinary outlets Incentives could include research funding and honorary awards recognizing service to public policy. 2. Academic merit review should reward research grants and publications targeted at interdisciplinary and/or policy-oriented audiences. Reforms of merit review may require new policies and engaged institutional leadership. Recommendations for Consumers 1. Congress should amend Title VI of the National Defense Education Act to encourage the development of multidisciplinary educational programs on the national security implications of climate change. 2. Federal agencies should establish funding programs to encourage producers to provide scientific information tailored to consumer needs. 3. The Department of State should appoint climate advisors to serve within the regional bureaus and on the policy and planning staff. 4. Federal agencies, the Department of Education, and the National Science Foundation should develop programs to stimulate new interdisciplinary research partnerships and training of a new generation of interdisciplinary climate change risk thinkers, assessors and managers. 5. Federal agencies should encourage Senior Executive Service decision makers to participate in science policy certi¬fication workshops and include science and technology policy as a core curricu¬lum component of the SES Federal Candidate Development Program. These recommendations are described in detail in a report published by the Center for a New American Security: Rogers, W. and J. Gulledge (2010) Lost in Translation: Closing the Gap Between Climate Science and National Security Policy (available online: http://cnas.org/node/4391)

Rogers, W.; Gulledge, J. M.

2010-12-01

458

Information-seeking behavior and the use of online resources: a snapshot of current health sciences faculty  

PubMed Central

Objective: The research assesses the information-seeking behaviors of health sciences faculty, including their use of online databases, journals, and social media. Methodology: A survey was designed and distributed via email to 754 health sciences faculty at a large urban research university with 6 health sciences colleges. Results: Twenty-six percent (198) of faculty responded. MEDLINE was the primary database utilized, with 78.5% respondents indicating they use the database at least once a week. Compared to MEDLINE, Google was utilized more often on a daily basis. Other databases showed much lower usage. Conclusions: Low use of online databases other than MEDLINE, link-out tools to online journals, and online social media and collaboration tools demonstrates a need for meaningful promotion of online resources and informatics literacy instruction for faculty. Implications: Library resources are plentiful and perhaps somewhat overwhelming. Librarians need to help faculty discover and utilize the resources and tools that libraries have to offer. PMID:25031557

De Groote, Sandra L.; Shultz, Mary; Blecic, Deborah D.

2014-01-01

459

78 FR 27259 - Information Collection; Request for Public Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...contains information on audit results. This database...for management of and information about Federal awards and the results of audits. Comments are invited...Whether the proposed information collection is necessary...forms of information technology. Norman S....

2013-05-09

460

75 FR 15741 - Information Collection; Request for Public Comments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...contains information on audit results. This database...for management of and information about Federal awards and the results of audits. Comments are invited...Whether the proposed information collection is necessary...forms of information technology. Debra Bond,...

2010-03-30

461

On-Line Databases in Mexico.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of online bibliographic databases in Mexico is provided through Servicio de Consulta a Bancos de Informacion, a public service that provides information retrieval, document delivery, translation, technical support, and training services. Technical infrastructure is based on a public packet-switching network and institutional users may receive…

Molina, Enzo

1986-01-01

462

Trusted Health Information for the Public | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... Javascript on. Feature: NLM 175th Anniversary Trusted Health Information for the Public Past Issues / Spring 2011 Table ... site that lets users access medical and drug information while on the go, available on any Web- ...

463

76 FR 28240 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Moving To Work Demonstration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Public Comment; Moving To Work Demonstration...HUD USER information line and TTY numbers, telephone...FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Arlette Mussington...Title of Proposal: Moving to Work Demonstration...with specific types of Moving to Work (MTW)...

2011-05-16

464

75 FR 35023 - Informational Public Meetings for Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9164-8] Informational Public Meetings for Hydraulic Fracturing Research Study AGENCY: Environmental...plan to study the relationship between hydraulic fracturing and drinking water. The meetings...plans during the meetings. DATES: The Hydraulic Fracturing Study informational...

2010-06-21

465

77 FR 64533 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Security...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Collection of Information: Security Threat Assessment...and biographic information for TSA's security threat assessment...Officer, Office of Information Technology (OIT...Transportation Security...

2012-10-22

466

75 FR 52961 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Security...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Collection of Information: Security Threat Assessment...and biographic information for TSA's security threat assessment...Officer, Office of Information Technology (OIT...Transportation Security...

2010-08-30

467

Public information for the assessment of quality: a widespread social phenomenon.  

PubMed Central

We propose that the use of public information about the quality of environmental resources, obtained by monitoring the sampling behaviour of others, may be a widespread social phenomenon allowing individuals to make faster, more accurate assessments of their environment. To demonstrate this (i) we define public information and distinguish it from other kinds of social information; (ii) we review empirical work demonstrating the benefits and costs of using public information to estimate food patch quality; (iii) we examine recent work showing that individuals may also be using public information to improve their estimates of the quality of such disparate environmental parameters as breeding patches, opponents and mates; and finally (iv) we suggest avenues of future work to better understand the nature of public information use and when it might be used or ignored. Such work should lead to a more complete understanding of the behaviour of individuals in social aggregations. PMID:12495512

Valone, Thomas J; Templeton, Jennifer J

2002-01-01

468

MT 200601 AG New 7/06 For More Online MontGuides, Visit www.montana.edu/publications  

E-print Network

.montana.edu/publications This Montguide gives you detailed information on how to design a weed control program that relies more, mechanical and chemical practices can help reduce the colonization, establishment and impact of weeds on your systems less susceptible to weed colonization and establishment of biological, cultural, mechanical

Maxwell, Bruce D.

469

The Development of Innovative Online Problem-Based Learning: A Leadership Course for Leaders in European Public Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shift to a knowledge information society has given rise to a need for lifelong learning programmes. Such programmes are especially relevant for public health professionals, whose dynamic field of practice is subject to changes due to rapidly developing technologies, evolving expectations of the labour market and new health treats. Lifelong…

de Jong, Nynke; Könings, Karen D.; Czabanowska, Katarzyna

2014-01-01

470

77 FR 25498 - Notice of Proposed Information; Public Housing Agency Burden Reduction Survey  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...public comments on the subject proposal. The Department is looking at ways to reduce Public Housing Agency (PHA) burden through...need for the information and proposed use: The Department is looking at ways to reduce Public Housing Agency (PHA) burden...

2012-04-30

471

OneBusAway: Results from Providing Real-Time Arrival Information for Public Transit  

E-print Network

OneBusAway: Results from Providing Real-Time Arrival Information for Public Transit Brian Ferris@cs.washington.edu ABSTRACT Public transit systems play an important role in combating traffic congestion, reducing carbon emissions, and promot- ing compact, sustainable urban communities. The usability of public transit can

Anderson, Richard

472

COMMUNICATING PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATION EFFECTIVELY POP HEALTH SCIENCES 660 (1 credit)  

E-print Network

1 COMMUNICATING PUBLIC HEALTH INFORMATION EFFECTIVELY POP HEALTH SCIENCES 660 (1 credit) Summer based on scientific and practical recommendations. Students will learn how to communicate public health of public health. I. COURSE DESCRIPTION The format of this course will consist of brief lectures, small

Sheridan, Jennifer

473

Developing a public information and engagement portal of urban waterways with real-time monitoring and modeling.  

PubMed

Waterways can contribute to the beauty and livelihood of urban areas, but maintaining their hydro-ecosystem health is challenging because they are often recipients of contaminated water from stormwater runoff and other discharges. Public awareness of local waterways' health and community impacts to these waterways is usually poor due to of lack of easily available information. To improve community awareness of water quality in urban waterways in New Zealand, a web portal was developed featuring a real-time waterways monitoring system, a public forum, historical data, interactive maps, contaminant modelling scenarios, mitigation recommendations, and a prototype contamination alert system. The monitoring system featured in the web portal is unique in the use of wireless mesh network technology, direct integration with online modelling, and a clear target of public engagement. The modelling aims to show the origin of contaminants within the local catchment and to help the community prioritize mitigation efforts to improve water quality in local waterways. The contamination alert system aims to keep managers and community members better informed and to provide a more timely response opportunity to avert any unplanned or accidental contamination of the waterways. Preliminary feedback has been positive and is being supported by local and regional authorities. The system was developed in a cost-effective manner providing a community focussed solution for quantifying and mitigating key contaminants in urban catchments and is applicable and transferable to other cities with similar stormwater challenges. PMID:21252427

Cochrane, T A; Wicke, D; O'Sullivan, A

2011-01-01

474

Information Filtering in Sparse Online Systems: Recommendation via Semi-Local Diffusion  

PubMed Central

With the rapid growth of the Internet and overwhelming amount of information and choices that people are confronted with, recommender systems have been developed to effectively support users’ decision-making process in the online systems. However, many recommendation algorithms suffer from the data sparsity problem, i.e. the user-object bipartite networks are so sparse that algorithms cannot accurately recommend objects for users. This data sparsity problem makes many well-known recommendation algorithms perform poorly. To solve the problem, we propose a recommendation algorithm based on the semi-local diffusion process on the user-object bipartite network. The simulation results on two sparse datasets, Amazon and Bookcross, show that our method significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art methods especially for those small-degree users. Two personalized semi-local diffusion methods are proposed which further improve the recommendation accuracy. Finally, our work indicates that sparse online systems are essentially different from the dense online systems, so it is necessary to reexamine former algorithms and conclusions based on dense data in sparse systems. PMID:24260206

Zeng, Wei; Zeng, An; Shang, Ming-Sheng; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

2013-01-01

475

Online particle detection with Neural Networks based on topological calorimetry information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the latest results from the Ringer algorithm, which is based on artificial neural networks for the electron identification at the online filtering system of the ATLAS particle detector, in the context of the LHC experiment at CERN. The algorithm performs topological feature extraction using the ATLAS calorimetry information (energy measurements). The extracted information is presented to a neural network classifier. Studies showed that the Ringer algorithm achieves high detection efficiency, while keeping the false alarm rate low. Optimizations, guided by detailed analysis, reduced the algorithm execution time by 59%. Also, the total memory necessary to store the Ringer algorithm information represents less than 6.2 percent of the total filtering system amount.

Ciodaro, T.; Deva, D.; de Seixas, J. M.; Damazio, D.

2012-06-01

476

Exploring dispositional tendencies to seek online information about direct-to-consumer genetic testing.  

PubMed

Varying perspectives exist regarding the implications of genetic susceptibility testing for common disease, with some anticipating adverse effects and others expecting positive outcomes; however, little is known about the characteristics of people who are most likely to be interested in direct-to-consumer genetic testing. To that end, this study examines the association of individual dispositional differences with health risk perceptions and online information seeking related to a free genetic susceptibility test. Healthy adults enrolled in a large health maintenance organization were surveyed by telephone. Eligible participants (N?=?1,959) were given access to a secure website that provided risk and benefit information about a genetic susceptibility test and given the option to be tested. Neuroticism was associated with increased perceptions of disease risk but not with logging on. Those scoring high in conscientiousness were more likely to log on. We found no evidence that neuroticism, a dispositional characteristic commonly linked to adverse emotional response, was predictive of online genetic information seeking in this sample of healthy adults. PMID:24073142

Paquin, Ryan S; Richards, Adam S; Koehly, Laura M; McBride, Colleen M

2012-12-01

477

Parenting online and lay literature on infant spanking: information readily available to parents.  

PubMed

Professional consensus exists against the spanking of infants based on the risk of escalation and injury. Moreover, infants are unable to recognize connections between their behavior and punishment and to modify their behavior in response. However, pediatricians and other health care professionals do not frequently discuss the issue of infant spanking with parents. Meanwhile, parents are increasingly seeking parenting information from other sources including the Internet and lay parenting books. Using content analysis methodology, online parenting sites and popular "how to" parenting books were reviewed with regard to the advisability of corporal punishment with infants. Results reveal that although the vast majority of online and popular print literature on infant parenting is developmentally sound, a small constituency of spanking advocates does exist. Given that some of the information available to parents contradicts professional consensus against the spanking of infants, it seems important for professionals concerned with the well being of infants to address the gaps in information and inherent dangers of infant spanking. PMID:18956507

Cain, Daphne S

2008-01-01

478

An On-Line Technology Information System (OTIS) for Advanced Life Support  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An On-line Technology Information System (OTIS) is currently being developed for the Advanced Life Support (ALS) Program. This paper describes the preliminary development of OTIS, which is a system designed to provide centralized collection and organization of technology information. The lack of thorough, reliable and easily understood technology information is a major obstacle in effective assessment of technology development progress, trade studies, metric calculations, and technology selection for integrated testing. OTIS will provide a formalized, well-organized protocol to communicate thorough, accurate, current and relevant technology information between the hands-on technology developer and the ALS Community. The need for this type of information transfer system within the Solid Waste Management (SWM) element was recently identified and addressed. A SWM Technology Information Form (TIF) was developed specifically for collecting detailed technology information in the area of SWM. In the TIF, information is requested from SWM technology developers, based upon the Technology Readiness Level (TRL). Basic information is requested for low-TRL technologies, and more detailed information is requested as the TRL of the technology increases. A comparable form is also being developed for the wastewater processing element. In the future, similar forms will also be developed for the ALS elements of air revitalization, food processing, biomass production and thermal control. These ALS element-specific forms will be implemented in OTIS via a web-accessible interface,with the data stored in an object-oriented relational database (created in MySQLTM) located on a secure server at NASA Ames Research Center. With OTIS, ALS element leads and managers will be able to carry out informed research and development investment, thereby promoting technology through the TRL scale. OTIS will also allow analysts to make accurate evaluations of technology options. Additionally, the range and specificity of information solicited will help educate technology developers of programmatic needs.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hoganm John A.; Rodriquez, Luis

2003-01-01

479

An Online Resource of Digital Stories About Cancer Genetics: Qualitative Study of Patient Preferences and Information Needs  

PubMed Central

Background The Cancer Genetics Service for Wales (CGSW) was established in 1998 as an all-Wales service for individuals with concerns about their family history of cancer. CGSW offers a range of services such as risk assessment, genetic counseling, and genetic testing. Individuals referred to cancer genetics services often have unmet information and support needs, and they value access to practical and experiential information from other patients and health professionals. As a result of the lifelong nature of genetic conditions, a fundamental challenge is to meet the ongoing needs of these patients by providing easily accessible and reliable information. Objectives Our aims were to explore how the long-term information and support needs of CGSW patients could be met and to assess whether an online bank of digital stories about cancer genetics would be acceptable to patients. Methods In 2009, CGSW organized patient panels across Wales. During these events, 169 patients were asked for their feedback about a potential online resource of digital stories from CGSW patients and staff. A total of 75 patients registered to take part in the project and 23 people from across Wales agreed to share their story. All participants took part in a follow-up interview. Results Patient preferences for an online collection of cancer genetics stories were collected at the patient panels. Key topics to be covered by the stories were identified, and this feedback informed the development of the website to ensure that patients’ needs would be met. The 23 patient storytellers were aged between 28 and 75 years, and 19 were female. The digital stories reflect patients’ experiences within CGSW and the implications of living with or at risk of cancer. Follow-up interviews with patient storytellers showed that they shared their experiences as a means of helping other patients and to increase understanding of the cancer genetics service. Digital stories were also collected from 12 members of staff working at CGSW. The digital stories provide reliable and easily accessible information about cancer genetics and are hosted on the StoryBank website (www.cancergeneticsstorybank.co.uk). Conclusions The Internet is one mechanism through which the long-term information and support needs of cancer genetics patients can be met. The StoryBank is one of the first places where patient and staff stories have been allied to every aspect of a patient pathway through a service and provides patients with an experiential perspective of the cancer genetics “journey.” The StoryBank was developed in direct response to patient feedback and is an innovative example of patient involvement in service development. The stories are a useful resource for newly referred patients, current patients, the general public, and health care professionals. PMID:22057223

Mundy, Lisa; Hilgart, Jennifer

2011-01-01

480

Online Investing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Wall Street Journal, this site provides a collection of articles offering information and advice on several aspects of online investing. Stemming from a newly published book, Online Investing, by the editors and reporters of the online version of the Wall Street Journal, the site is divided into five "chapters" covering types of online investing, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, futures and options, and tools of the trade. The articles are well written and offer very basic information for novices looking for sound information and advice on this kind of investing.

481

Do Online Information Retrieval Systems Help Experienced Clinicians Answer Clinical Questions?  

PubMed Central

Objective: To assess the impact of clinicians' use of an online information retrieval system on their performance in answering clinical questions. Design: Pre-/post-intervention experimental design. Measurements: In a computer laboratory, 75 clinicians (26 hospital-based doctors, 18 family practitioners, and 31 clinical nurse consultants) provided 600 answers to eight clinical scenarios before and after the use of an online information retrieval system. We examined the proportion of correct answers pre- and post-intervention, direction of change in answers, and differences between professional groups. Results: System use resulted in a 21% improvement in clinicians' answers, from 29% (95% confidence interval [CI] 25.4–32.6) correct pre- to 50% (95% CI 46.0–54.0) post-system use. In 33% (95% CI 29.1–36.9) answers were changed from incorrect to correct. In 21% (95% CI 17.1–23.9) correct pre-test answers were supported by evidence found using the system, and in 7% (95% CI 4.9–9.1) correct pre-test answers were changed incorrectly. For 40% (35.4–43.6) of scenarios, incorrect pre-test answers were not rectified following system use. Despite significant differences in professional groups' pre-test scores [family practitioners: 41% (95% CI 33.0–49.0), hospital doctors: 35% (95% CI 28.5–41.2), and clinical nurse consultants: 17% (95% CI 12.3–21.7; ?2 = 29.0, df = 2, p < 0.01)], there was no difference in post-test scores. (?2 = 2.6, df = 2, p = 0.73). Conclusions: The use of an online information retrieval system was associated with a significant improvement in the quality of answers provided by clinicians to typical clinical problems. In a small proportion of cases, use of the system produced errors. While there was variation in the performance of clinical groups when answering questions unaided, performance did not differ significantly following system use. Online information retrieval systems can be an effective tool in improving the accuracy of clinicians' answers to clinical questions. PMID:15684126

Westbrook, Johanna I.; Coiera, Enrico W.; Gosling, A. Sophie

2005-01-01

482

http://www.cel.sfsu.edu/openuniversity/ Course information is available online  

E-print Network

TUDIes brOADCAsT AND eleCTrONIC COMMUNICATION ArTs bUsINess bUsINess ANAlysIs bUsINess INFOrMATION AND CAlTUDIes IN eDUCATION INTerNATIONAl bUsINess INTerNATIONAl relATIONs INTerIOr DesIGN ITAlIAN JAPANese JewIsH s.sfsu.edu/online/clssch2.htm bUsINess FINANCe Cell bIOlOGy CONTeMPOrAry CUlTUre CrOss-CUlTUrAl PersPeCTIves IN Psy

483

Nacherzeugung, Nachverstehen: A phenomenological perspective on how public understanding of science changes by engaging with online media.  

PubMed

It is widely acknowledged in science education that everyday understandings and evidence are generally inconsistent with the scientific view of the matter: "heartache" has little to do with matters cardiopulmonary, and a rising or setting sun actually reflects the movements of the earth. How then does a member of the general public, which in many areas of science is characterized as "illiterate" and "non-scientific," come to regard something scientifically? Moreover, how do traditional unscientific (e.g., Ptolemaic) views continue their lives, even many centuries after scientists have overthrown them in what are termed scientific (e.g., Copernican) revolutions? In this study, we develop a phenomenological perspective, using Edmund Husserl's categories of Nacherzeugung and Nachverstehen, which provide descriptive explanations for our observations. These observations are contextualized in a case study using online video and historical materials concerning the motions of the heart and blood to exemplify our explanations. PMID:24292231

Roth, Wolff-Michael; Friesen, Norm

2014-10-01

484

FIPS PUB 201-2 FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARDS PUBLICATION  

E-print Network

Specification for Personal Identity Verification. The requirements for cryptographic algorithms are specified in the Special Publication 800- 78, Cryptographic Algorithms and Key Sizes for Personal Identity Verification

485

75 FR 28051 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Department of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...involves the submission of identifying and travel experience information by individuals requesting...information as well as details of their travel experience. The Traveler Inquiry Form (TIF) is an online form that is used to collect requests...

2010-05-19

486

Compensation and Working Conditions Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A quarterly journal devoted to salary, benefits, and workplace conditions. Abstracts and excerpts of articles, or in some cases the entire text, may be read online; full text may be downloaded in PDF format. Tables of related statistics are also available. Includes the current issue, an index, archives, and publication information.

487

Information Literacy, Learning, and the Public Library: A Study of Danish High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reports on a study of 12 Danish high school students' perceptions of public libraries' role in learning, user education, information literacy, and librarians' information competencies. The study is undertaken by use of literature review and interviews with a purposive select sample of public library users in Denmark. The study…

Nielsen, Bo Gerner; Borlund, Pia

2011-01-01

488

NIST Special Publication 800-27 Rev A Engineering Principles for Information Technology  

E-print Network

NIST Special Publication 800-27 Rev A Engineering Principles for Information Technology Security (A T E R S E C U R I T Y #12;NIST Special Publication 800-27 Rev A Engineering Principles M P U T E R S E C U R I T Y 1 Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National

489

Availability and use of public information and conspecific density for settlement decisions in the collared flycatcher  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary 1. Public information, i.e. local reproductive performance of conspecifics, is expected to be a highly valuable cue for breeding habitat selection. However, the access to this cue may be spatially and temporally constrained. When public information is unavailable, individuals may use other integrative cues, such as the local density of breeders. 2. Departure decisions of collared flycatchers ( Ficedula

Blandine Doligez; Tomas Pärt; Etienne Danchin; Jean Clobert; Lars Gustafsson

2004-01-01

490

Adam Smith School of Business Management Ltd GUIDE TO INFORMATION AVAILABLE THROUGH OUR PUBLICATION SCHEME  

E-print Network

Adam Smith School of Business Management Ltd GUIDE TO INFORMATION AVAILABLE THROUGH OUR PUBLICATION and what it might cost. Adam Smith School of Business Management Ltd is wholly publicly owned Where Adam Smith School of Business Management Ltd holds the copyright in its published information

Glasgow, University of

491

ACCEPTED TO IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS 1 Application of Public-Domain Market Information  

E-print Network

ACCEPTED TO IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS 1 Application of Public-Domain Market Information the usefulness of publicly available electricity market information in forecasting the hourly Ontario energy on the basis of two forecasting horizons, i.e. 3 hours and 24 hours, and forecasting performance

Cañizares, Claudio A.

492

Consumer Health Information Behavior in Public Libraries: A Mixed Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies indicated inadequate health literacy of American adults as one of the biggest challenges for consumer health information services provided in public libraries. Little attention, however, has been paid to public users' health literacy and health information behaviors. In order to bridge the research gap, the study aims to…

Yi, Yong Jeong

2012-01-01

493

Community Information Services in New South Wales Public Libraries: Evaluation of a Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of three reports from Australia's Community Information Sharing Service (CISS), this evaluation discusses several aspects of a CISS study which was conducted to obtain a factual overview of community information services currently being provided by public libraries in New South Wales, and to develop guidelines for public library participation…

Lovelace, Eugenia

494

Supporting Group Information Manipulation in Real Public Space by Functional Web and Web Boards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The opportunities to manipulate Web contents by group of people have been increasing, such as group meetings (brain stroming and presentation) and information presentations in real-world public spaces (advertize- ments and guidance etc.). In order to support such information manipulation and communication among people in real-world public space, we introduce the notions of the \\

Tomoyuki UCHIYAMA; Hiroya TANAKA; Katsumi TANAKA

2004-01-01

495

Age-Sensitive Design of Online Health Information: Comparative Usability Study  

PubMed Central

Background Older adults’ health maintenance may be enhanced by having access to online health information. However, usability issues may prevent older adults from easily accessing such information. Prior research has shown that aging is associated with a unique pattern of cognitive changes, and knowledge of these changes may be used in the design of health websites for older adults. Objective The goal of the current study was to examine whether older adults use of a health information website was affected by an alternative information architecture and access interface (hierarchical versus tag-based). Methods Fifty younger adults (aged 18-23) and 50 older adults (aged 60-80) navigated a health information website, which was organized hierarchically or used tags/keywords, to find answers to health-related questions while their performance was tracked. We hypothesized that older adults would perform better in the tag-based health information website because it placed greater demands on abilities that remain intact with aging (verbal ability and vocabulary). Results The pattern of age-related differences in computer use was consistent with prior research with older adults. We found that older adults had been using computers for less time (F 1,98= 10.6, P= .002) and used them less often (F 1,98= 11.3, P= .001) than younger adults. Also consistent with the cognitive aging literature, younger adults had greater spatial visualization and orientation abilities (F 1,98= 34.6, P< .001 and F 1,98= 6.8, P= .01) and a larger memory span (F 1,98= 5.7, P= .02) than older adults, but older adults had greater vocabulary (F 1,98= 11.4, P= .001). Older adults also took significantly more medications than younger adults (F 1,98= 57.7, P< .001). In the information search task, older adults performed worse than younger adults (F 1,96= 18.0, P< .001). However, there was a significant age × condition interaction indicating that while younger adults outperformed older adults in the hierarchical condition (F 1,96= 25.2, P< .001), there were no significant age-related differences in the tag-based condition, indicating that older adults performed as well as younger adults in this condition. Conclusions Access to online health information is increasing in popularity and can lead to a more informed health consumer. However, usability barriers may differentially affect older adults. The results of the current study suggest that the design of health information websites that take into account age-related changes in cognition can enhance older adults’ access to such information. PMID:19917549

Price, Margaux M; Thatcher, Jason

2009-01-01

496

Dynamic impacts of online reviews and other information sources on sales in panel data environment: Evidence from movie industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, with the significantly increasing impact of online reviews (a form of word-of-mouth) on consumer purchase decision, clarifying how this kind of information source influences consumer behaviors(usually represented by sales) have been exposed to more attentions in business and academic research fields. Differing from most existing studies which statically analyze relations between online reviews and sales with cross-section

Hao Yuan-yuan; Li Yi-jun; Ye Qiang; Zou Peng

2008-01-01

497

Vacancy Student Software Developer (Topic: Online Education) The Web Information Systems Group of TU Delft is searching for an enthusiastic student  

E-print Network

a range of Massive Open Online Courses to a worldwide audience via the open-source edX platform. These online courses generate a large amount of data, collected from students' interaction with the materialVacancy Student Software Developer (Topic: Online Education) The Web Information Systems Group

Kuzmanov, Georgi

498

An illustrated version of this guideline is available online at www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/selectnewpest.pears.html Publication 3455  

E-print Network

An illustrated version of this guideline is available online at www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/selectnewpest.pears.html Publication 3455 Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: PEAR November 2012 Contents (Dates in parenthesis indicate when each topic was updated) Pear Year-Round IPM Program

Ishida, Yuko

499

A Comparison of Classroom and Online Asynchronous Problem-Based Learning for Students Undertaking Statistics Training as Part of a Public Health Masters Degree  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case-study compared traditional, face-to-face classroom-based teaching with asynchronous online learning and teaching methods in two sets of students undertaking a problem-based learning module in the multilevel and exploratory factor analysis of longitudinal data as part of a Masters degree in Public Health at Maastricht University. Students…

de Jong, N.; Verstegen, D. M. L.; Tan, F. E. S.; O'Connor, S. J.

2013-01-01

500

Res Nondestr Eval (2002) 14: 132 DOI: 10.1007/s00164-001-0018-6 2002 Springer-Verlag New York Inc. Online publication: 20 February 2002  

E-print Network

Inc. Online publication: 20 February 2002 Development of Advanced Actuators Using Shape Memory Alloys and Electrorheological Fluids C. Mavroidis Robotics and Mechatronics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace smart material-based ad- vanced actuators. The first motor is a shape memory alloy (SMA) bundle actuator

Mavroidis, Constantinos