Sample records for online public information

  1. Public Agenda Online

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Public Agenda, a nonpartisan, nonprofit research organization devoted to public opinion, policy analysis, and citizen education, has recently relaunched its Website. Public Agenda Online provides eighteen issue guides that cover topics such as crime, education, environment, immigration, social security, and welfare. Each issue guide contains an overview of the issue, a news digest of recent stories, background data, various perspectives on the issue, resources for more information, and analyses of related public opinion drawn from major public opinion polls. The site also posts highlights of research reports, presents "critiques on the current state of polling," and offers a weekly email alert service, Public Agenda Alert, which shares the latest in public opinion and public policy research.

  2. Food safety issues and information needs: an online survey of public health inspectors.

    PubMed

    Pham, Mai T; Jones, Andria Q; Dewey, Catherine E; Sargeant, Jan M; Marshall, Barbara J

    2012-06-01

    In the study described in this article, the authors investigated the perceptions and needs of public health inspectors (PHIs) in the province of Ontario, Canada, with regard to food safety issues and information resources. A cross-sectional online survey of 239 Ontario PHIs was conducted between April and June 2009. Questions pertained to their perceptions of key food safety issues and foodborne pathogens, knowledge confidence, available resources, and resource needs. All respondents rated time-temperature abuse, inadequate hand washing, and cross contamination as important food safety issues. Salmonella, Campylobacter, and E. coli O157:H7 were pathogens reported to be of concern to 95% of respondents (221/233). Most respondents indicated that they were confident in their knowledge of food safety issues and foodborne pathogens, but wanted a central, online resource for food safety information and ongoing food safety education training for PHIs. The data from the authors' study can be used in the development of information resources targeted to the needs of PHIs involved in food safety. PMID:22708204

  3. The Difference in the Online Medical Information Searching Behaviors of Hospital Patients and Their Relatives versus the General Public

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Hung-Yuan; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is two-fold: to explore the differences in online medical information searching behaviors, including evaluative standards and search strategies, of the general public (general group) and those of hospital patients and their relatives (hospital group); and to compare the predictive relationship between the evaluative…

  4. Improving Digital Skills for the Use of Online Public Information and Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Deursen, A. J. A. M.; van Dijk, J. A. G. M.

    2009-01-01

    There are recent indications regarding the use of online public services that force the government to focus on the more refined conceptualizations digital divide research has produced. This paper addresses one of the factors that appears to be important in several conceptualizations of how to approach the digital divide; the differential…

  5. Information Resources on Online Public Access Catalogs. A Selected ERIC Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources, Syracuse, NY.

    Sixteen articles, books, and reports published between 1978 and 1983 and cited in "Resources in Education" and "Current Index to Journals in Education" are listed in this bibliography on online public access catalogs (OPACs). Emphasis is on the movement toward computer-based alternatives to library card catalogs and user studies. Topics include…

  6. TOXLINE (TOXICOLOGY INFORMATION ONLINE)

    EPA Science Inventory

    TOXLINE? (TOXicology information onLINE) are the National Library of Medicines extensive collection of online bibliographic information covering the pharmacological, biochemical, physiological, and toxicological effects of drugs and other chemicals. TOXLINE and TOXLINE65 together...

  7. Online Education in Public Affairs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginn, Martha H.; Hammond, Augustine

    2012-01-01

    This exploratory study provides an overview of the current landscape of online education in the fields of Master of Public Administration and Master of Public Policy (MPA/MPP) utilizing a dataset compiled from content analysis of MPA/MPP programs' websites and survey of 96 National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration…

  8. Analysis of Joint Provision of Public Goods in Online Communities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yong-hong Sun; Kai-lung Hui; Jian Ma; Zhi-ping Fan

    2009-01-01

    Abstract—Online community (OC, or termed as “virtual commu- nity”) provides a social sphere for people to share their information, knowledge and other resources. It is becoming an unprecedentedly ubiquitous online phenomenon. The contents which are jointly provided by participants are considered as public goods (Kollock, 1999). For public goods provided by collective action, there have been many papers since Olson

  9. Online Master of Public Administration Public Leadership. Positive Change.

    E-print Network

    Galles, David

    Online Master of Public Administration Public Leadership. Positive Change. #12;Program Goals Master of Public Administration program is accredited by the Network of Schools of Public Policy, Affairs for 2014. University of San Francisco's Online Master of Public Administration program prepares the 21st

  10. Online Drug Information Resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ellen Cooper

    2008-01-01

    There are many online drug information resources available from commercial vendors, but they are often too costly for hospital librarians on a limited budget. Several free Internet options available from a variety of commercial, government, U.S., foreign, professional, and consumer sites are described here.

  11. The Public Sphere and Online, Independent Journalism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Beers

    2006-01-01

    The rapid evolution of online, independent journalism affords educators an opportunity to increase students' understanding of the nature and power of the news media. Drawing from Habermas's theories of the role of the public sphere in democratic discourse, the author, as founder of an online news publication, traces trends in concentrated corporate ownership of Canadian media, new forms of online

  12. Stellar Classification Online - Public Exploration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castelaz, Michael W.; Bedell, W.; Barker, T.; Cline, J.; Owen, L.

    2009-01-01

    The Michigan Objective Prism Blue Survey (e.g. Sowell et al 2007, AJ, 134, 1089) photographic plates located in the Astronomical Photographic Data Archive at the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute hold hundreds of thousands of stellar spectra, many of which have not been classified before. The public is invited to participate in a distributed computing online environment to classify the stars on the objective prism plates. The online environment is called Stellar Classification Online - Public Exploration (SCOPE). Through a website, SCOPE participants are given a tutorial on stellar spectra and their classification, and given the chance to practice their skills at classification. After practice, participants register, login, and select stars for classification from scans of the objective prism plates. Their classifications are recorded in a database where the accumulation of classifications of the same star by many users will be statistically analyzed. The project includes stars with known spectral types to help test the reliability of classifications. The SCOPE webpage and the use of results will be described.

  13. The Public Sphere and Online, Independent Journalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beers, David

    2006-01-01

    The rapid evolution of online, independent journalism affords educators an opportunity to increase students' understanding of the nature and power of the news media. Drawing from Habermas's theories of the role of the public sphere in democratic discourse, the author, as founder of an online news publication, traces trends in concentrated…

  14. Adapting online learning for Canada's Northern public health workforce

    PubMed Central

    Bell, Marnie; MacDougall, Karen

    2013-01-01

    Background Canada's North is a diverse, sparsely populated land, where inequalities and public health issues are evident, particularly for Aboriginal people. The Northern public health workforce is a unique mix of professional and paraprofessional workers. Few have formal public health education. From 2009 to 2012, the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) collaborated with a Northern Advisory Group to develop and implement a strategy to strengthen public health capacity in Canada's 3 northern territories. Access to relevant, effective continuing education was identified as a key issue. Challenges include diverse educational and cultural backgrounds of public health workers, geographical isolation and variable technological infrastructure across the north. Methods PHAC's Skills Online program offers Internet-based continuing education modules for public health professionals. In partnership with the Northern Advisory Group, PHAC conducted 3 pilots between 2008 and 2012 to assess the appropriateness of the Skills Online program for Northern/Aboriginal public health workers. Module content and delivery modalities were adapted for the pilots. Adaptations included adding Inuit and Northern public health examples and using video and teleconference discussions to augment the online self-study component. Results Findings from the pilots were informative and similar to those from previous Skills Online pilots with learners in developing countries. Online learning is effective in bridging the geographical barriers in remote locations. Incorporating content on Northern and Aboriginal health issues facilitates engagement in learning. Employer support facilitates the recruitment and retention of learners in an online program. Facilitator assets included experience as a public health professional from the north, and flexibility to use modified approaches to support and measure knowledge acquisition and application, especially for First Nations, Inuit and Metis learners. Conclusions Results demonstrate that appropriate adaptations to online professional development can provide practical, accessible means for a wide range of Northern/Aboriginal public health workers to acquire core competencies for public health. PMID:23971012

  15. An Online Information Skills Tutorial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Joanne; Morgan, Fawn; Kinikin, Janae

    2013-01-01

    Looking for new way to teach high school students how to use the library and library resources? The HeLIOS (Hemingway Library Information Online Skills) tutorial, an online tool designed specifically for high school students, may be the answer. For the past two years, students at home, in classrooms, and at libraries throughout Utah have used…

  16. OLLI, Online Library Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christina Landram; Carolyn L. Robison

    1987-01-01

    It is rare for a university online catalog to have its inception in the university Computer Center. This paper describes how such a process developed at Georgia State University with the implementation of the PALS online catalog, marketed by the Sperry Corporation. Specifics concerning events leading to the decision to purchase the system, loading the software, introduction of the system

  17. Information Security and Privacy Concerns of Online Prescription Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephan Poag; Xiaodong Deng

    This paper examines the effects of information sensitivity and information relevance on information security and privacy concerns (i.e., misuse, integrity, and breach to public) and the effect upon the customers' willingness to provide requested information in an online prescription drug management system setting. A sample of 1166 responses from 46 students relating to 26 information attributes to be collected for

  18. RAND Publications: Science and Technology: Online Research

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    RAND is described as a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decision-making through research and analysis. And following its mission, the publications portion of the Web site helps disseminate the results of its work "as broadly as possible." The Science and Technology: Online Research publications page contains access to monograph/reports, documented briefings, conference proceedings, testimony, RAND Graduate School dissertations, issue papers, research briefs, white papers, and more to anyone interested free of charge. Users can browse publications and can view their full text contents either online or downloaded as PDF documents.

  19. Personalized online information search and visualization

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Dongquan; Orthner, Helmuth F; Sell, Susan M

    2005-01-01

    Background The rapid growth of online publications such as the Medline and other sources raises the questions how to get the relevant information efficiently. It is important, for a bench scientist, e.g., to monitor related publications constantly. It is also important, for a clinician, e.g., to access the patient records anywhere and anytime. Although time-consuming, this kind of searching procedure is usually similar and simple. Likely, it involves a search engine and a visualization interface. Different words or combination reflects different research topics. The objective of this study is to automate this tedious procedure by recording those words/terms in a database and online sources, and use the information for an automated search and retrieval. The retrieved information will be available anytime and anywhere through a secure web server. Results We developed such a database that stored searching terms, journals and et al., and implement a piece of software for searching the medical subject heading-indexed sources such as the Medline and other online sources automatically. The returned information were stored locally, as is, on a server and visible through a Web-based interface. The search was performed daily or otherwise scheduled and the users logon to the website anytime without typing any words. The system has potentials to retrieve similarly from non-medical subject heading-indexed literature or a privileged information source such as a clinical information system. The issues such as security, presentation and visualization of the retrieved information were thus addressed. One of the presentation issues such as wireless access was also experimented. A user survey showed that the personalized online searches saved time and increased and relevancy. Handheld devices could also be used to access the stored information but less satisfactory. Conclusion The Web-searching software or similar system has potential to be an efficient tool for both bench scientists and clinicians for their daily information needs. PMID:15766382

  20. Information Evaluation and Online Coursework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lincoln, Margaret

    2010-01-01

    Since 2007 the author has been teaching a hybrid Information Literacy course at Lakeview High School in Battle Creek, Michigan. It combines an online information literacy focus with real-world library work experience in her media center. This blended course has just been revised so that high school graduates will be able to fulfill Michigan's…

  1. New York Public Library Picture Collection Online

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Part of NYPL's evolving Digital Library, the Picture Collection Online is a collection of 30,000 public domain digital images from books and periodicals, original photographs, prints, and postcards. Primarily dated pre-1923, the Picture Collections includes some of the most popular images in the NYPL collection. The physical collection is housed in folders by broad subject headings, which can be browsed online. Keyword and advanced searches are also provided.

  2. Online Public Access Catalogs and User Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Dorothea M.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Assessed library instruction initiatives with respect to OPACs by surveying 414 academic, public, school, and special libraries. Most participants' libraries have modified library OPAC software; librarians continue to teach use of the online catalog; few systems have built-in tutorials; and few have computer-assisted instruction. (Author/JKP)

  3. Online Information Technologies Certificate Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yukselturk, Erman

    2005-01-01

    In this study, Information Technologies Certificate Program which is based on synchronous and asynchronous communication methods over the Internet offered by cooperation of Middle East Technical University, Computer Engineering Department and Continuing Education Center were examined. This online certificate program started in May 1998 and it is…

  4. An Investigation into the Role of Public Libraries with Online Reference Service

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ed Cortez; Robin Rice

    1995-01-01

    Discusses old, new and yet emerging challenges confronting public libraries when considering the role of online reference and electronic resources in public service. Investigates altematives to traditional online reference tools, such as CD-ROM databases, OPACs, community bullelin boards and access to information resources via the Internet. Explores national versus local library goals, strategies for implementation and mainlenance, and consequences for

  5. AIDS PUBLIC INFORMATION DATABASE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The AIDS Public Information Data Set is computer software designed to run on a Microsoft Windows microcomputer, and contains information abstracted from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cases reported in the United States. The data set is created by the Division of HIV/A...

  6. Knowing Where They Went: Six Years of Online Access Statistics via the Online Catalog for Federal Government Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Christopher C.

    2011-01-01

    As federal government information is increasingly migrating to online formats, libraries are providing links to this content via URLs or persistent URLs (PURLs) in their online public access catalogs (OPACs). Clickthrough statistics that accumulated as users visited links to online content in the University of Denver's library OPAC were gathered…

  7. Going Online With Ocean Drilling Publications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klaus, A. D.; Petronotis, K. E.

    2003-12-01

    In 1999, the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) transitioned from a print publication format to a hybrid print/electronic format of its Initial Reports (IR) series. A year later, the Scientific Results (SR) series joined the electronic era. Our mandate was to produce a fully functional electronic publication in HTML and PDF formats that would also function as a professionally typeset printed publication. The IR series disseminates the preliminary scientific knowledge gained during each ODP cruise, whereas the SR series is a venue for publishing independent research conducted after each cruise and often includes extensive data sets and many color images. Although both series are published as a print/CD-ROM hybrid and on the Web, the IR online version follows publication of the CD, whereas the SR online version precedes it. This unique format--neither all print, all electronic, or print with electronic replica of print--led to interesting challenges that few other publishers had to grapple with when going electronic. ODP's formal transition from print to electronic publication was concentrated in a 2-year period, but fortunately, staff members had honed many valuable online editing and production skills prior to that time as a cost-saving means of publishing hardcover books. This made the transition rather seamless for the staff; however, issues pertaining to multiplatform publications still had to be addressed. These included word choices that made sense regardless of whether the material was being viewed on paper, on CD, or on the Web; the creation of alternative citation formats; policies on revising already published electronic material; etc. In our experience, the advantages for publishers and readers have outweighed the growing pains of moving to electronic publishing. For example, SR authors typically see their manuscripts published 4-5 months after acceptance, whereas it used to take 7-9 months. The accessibility of the online publications has significantly widened distribution. And the CD-ROM product allows ODP to enhance the electronic resources available to researchers by including an index of all published IR/SR volume pairs on each CD, detailed site maps, movies, unlimited color images, and other supplementary data sets provided by authors. Our next venture is to digitize the older printed ODP volumes and the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) series and make these publications available online in HTML and PDF formats as well. This will provide the scientific community with more than 30 years of marine earth science research at the click of a mouse, a legacy that will be built upon by the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) in the near future.

  8. Massive open online courses in public health.

    PubMed

    Gooding, Ira; Klaas, Brian; Yager, James D; Kanchanaraksa, Sukon

    2013-01-01

    Massive open online courses (MOOCs) represent a new and potentially transformative model for providing educational opportunities to learners not enrolled in a formal educational program. The authors describe the experience of developing and offering eight MOOCs on a variety of public health topics. Existing institutional infrastructure and experience with both for-credit online education and open educational resources mitigated the institutional risk and resource requirements. Although learners are able to enroll easily and freely and do so in large numbers, there is considerable variety in the level of participation and engagement among enrollees. As a result, comprehensive and accurate assessment of meaningful learning progress remains a major challenge for evaluating the effectiveness of MOOCs for providing public health education. PMID:24350228

  9. SCOPE - Stellar Classification Online Public Exploration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harenberg, Steven

    2010-01-01

    The Astronomical Photographic Data Archive (APDA) has been established to be the primary North American archive for the collections of astronomical photographic plates. Located at the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute (PARI) in Rosman, NC, the archive contains hundreds of thousands stellar spectra, many of which have never before been classified. To help classify the vast number of stars, the public is invited to participate in a distributed computing online environment called Stellar Classification Online - Public Exploration (SCOPE). Through a website, the participants will have a tutorial on stellar spectra and practice classifying. After practice, the participants classify spectra on photographic plates uploaded online from APDA. These classifications will be recorded in a database where the results from many users will be statistically analyzed. Stars with known spectral types will be included to test the reliability of classifications. The process of building the database of stars from APDA, which the citizen scientist will be able to classify, includes: scanning the photographic plates, orienting the plate to correct for the change in right ascension/declination using Aladin, stellar HD catalog identification using Simbad, marking the boundaries for each spectrum, and setting up the image for use on the website. We will describe the details of this process.

  10. Laboratory exercises in online information assurance courses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bhagyavati

    2006-01-01

    Information assurance courses delivered in an online environment pose challenges to the development of meaningful hands-on exercises for students. This article presents techniques on furnishing laboratory exercises to online students and presents examples of assignments drawn from the author's experiences in teaching online courses for over three years. These assignments have proven successful in enhancing the learning experiences of undergraduate

  11. After online publication, subscribers (personal/institutional) to this journal will have access to the complete article via the DOI using the URL

    E-print Network

    Wang, Shi-Qing

    After online publication, subscribers (personal/institutional) to this journal will have access online, take advantage of our free alert service. For registration and further information, go to: http corrections online, via e-mail or by fax. · For online submission please insert your corrections in the online

  12. Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) Online

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Produced and maintained by the Transportation Research Board (TRB) at the National Academies of Sciences, "the Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) Database is the world's largest and most comprehensive bibliographic resource on transportation information." Recently, an online version of TRIS was launched as a component of the National Transportation Library, providing access to over 400,000 bibliographic records covering transportation research published in books, journal articles, technical reports, and other media. The records cover the literature from the 1960s to the present, including federal, state, local, and association publications. Users can search the database by author, title, or keyword, with a number of modifiers. Search returns include title, author, journal title (where applicable), date, an abstract, and where the resource can be obtained. In some instances, links to the full text or sources of the full text are provided.

  13. Consumer Search for Online Drug Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mathew Chesnes; Ginger Zhe Jin

    2010-01-01

    Consumers are increasingly turning to the internet and using search engines to find information on medicinal drugs. Between 2001 and 2007, the number of adults using the internet as an alternative source of health information doubled. At the same time, online and online advertising spending by drug companies is growing rapidly. We seek to understand how consumers use search engines

  14. Perceived value of applying Information Communication Technology to implement guidelines in developing countries; an online questionnaire study among public health workers

    PubMed Central

    Machingura, Pasipanodya Ian; Adekola, Olawumi; Mueni, Eunice; Oaiya, Omo; Gustafsson, Lars L; Heller, Richard F

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Practice guidelines can be used to support healthcare decision making. We sought to identify the use, and barriers to the implementation, of electronic based guidelines to support decision-making in maternal and child healthcare (MCH) and the rational use of medicines, in developing countries. Methods Graduates who had gained the Master of Public Health degree through the Peoples-uni (postgraduate public health education in developing countries) were sent an online survey questionnaire which had been piloted. Two reminders were sent to non-respondents at intervals of 10 days. Results were explored using descriptive analyses. Results 44 of the potential 48 graduates from 16 countries responded – most were from Africa. 82% and 89% of respondents were aware of guidelines on MCH and the rational use of medicines respectively. Electronic guidelines were more available in university hospitals than in provincial hospitals or rural care. All respondents thought that guidelines could improve the delivery of quality care, and 42 (95%) and 41 (93%) respectively thought that computers and mobile or smartphones could increase the use of guidelines in service delivery. Lack of access to computers, need to buy phone credit, need for training in the use of either computerized or phone based guidelines and fear of increased workload were potential barriers to use. Conclusion There is support for the use of electronic guidelines despite limited availability and barriers to use in developing countries. These findings, and other literature, provide a guide as to how the further development of ICT based guidelines may be implemented to improve health care decision making. PMID:25422718

  15. Attitudes toward online availability of US public records

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sean A. Munson; Daniel Avrahami; Sunny Consolvo; James Fogarty; Batya Friedman; Ian Smith

    2011-01-01

    Many have enthusiastically greeted the ability to search and view public records online as a great advance for transparency and accountability. Such ability, however, also creates value tensions with privacy and other important human values. In this paper, we report findings from a survey of 134 residents of the US Pacific Northwest on their awareness of and attitudes towards online

  16. An interactive, online Geographic Information System (GIS) for stakeholder participation in environmental site selection

    E-print Network

    Adams, Christiaan Scott, 1973-

    2004-01-01

    An interactive, online geographic information system (GIS) was developed to enhance the involvement of stakeholders in the public participation processes of site selection issues in the marine environment. Displaying ...

  17. Global public health and the information superhighway.

    PubMed

    LaPorte, R E

    1994-06-25

    Applications of networking to health care have focused on the potential of networking to transmit data and to reduce the cost of health care. In the early 198Os networks began forming among academic institutions; one of them was Bitnet. During the 1980s Internet evolved, which joined diverse networks, including those of governments and industry. The first step is to connect public health organizations such as ministries of health, the World Health Organization, the Pan-American Health Organization, and the United Nations. Computer-based telecommunication will vastly increase effective transmission of information. Networking public health workers in local health departments, academia, governments, industry, and private agencies, will bring great benefits. One is global disease telemonitoring: with new epidemiological techniques such as capture-recapture, accurate estimates of incidences of important communicable and non-communicable diseases can now be obtained. Currently all countries in the Americas except Haiti are connected through Internet. No systematic integration of telecommunication and public health systems across countries has occurred yet. On-line vital statistics could be usable almost instantaneously to facilitate monitoring and forecasting of population growth and the health needs of mothers and children. Linking global disease telemonitoring (morbidity data for non-communicable diseases) with environmental data systems would considerably improve understanding of the environmental determinants of disease. Internet is already linked to the National Library of Medicine through Bitnis. Computer based distance education is rapidly improving through E-mail searches. Reading materials, video, pictures, and sound could be transmitted across huge distances for low costs. Hundreds of schools are already networked together. On-line electronic journals and books have the potential for instantaneous dissemination of free information through gopher servers. Global public health needs to plan for a public health communication system that can reach all the public health workers in the world. PMID:7826426

  18. The changing information environment for nanotechnology: online audiences and content

    PubMed Central

    Brossard, Dominique; Scheufele, Dietram A.

    2010-01-01

    The shift toward online communication in all realms, from print newspapers to broadcast television, has implications for how the general public consumes information about nanotechnology. The goal of this study is threefold: to investigate who is using online sources for information and news about science and nanotechnology, to examine what the general public is searching for online with regards to nanotechnology, and to analyze what they find in online content of nanotechnology. Using survey data, we find those who report the Internet as their primary source of science and technology news are diverse in age, more knowledgeable about science and nanotechnology, highly educated, male, and more diverse racially than users of other media. In a comparison of demographic data on actual visits by online users to general news and science Web sites, science sites attracted more male, non-white users from the Western region of the United States than news sites did. News sites, on the other hand, attracted those with a slightly higher level of education. Our analysis of published estimates of keyword searches on nanotechnology reveals people are turning to the Internet to search for keyword searches related to the future, health, and applications of nanotechnology. A content analysis of online content reveals health content dominates overall. Comparisons of content in different types of sites—blogs, government, and general sites—are conducted. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11051-010-9860-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. PMID:21170132

  19. Bay Area Wetland Project Map Public Access to Information about Wetland Habitat Projects

    E-print Network

    Bay Area Wetland Project Map Public Access to Information about Wetland Habitat Projects In San an interactive online map that provides free public access to information about the location, size, sponsors in the future. The primary goal of this project is to improve public access to information about wetland

  20. Hepatitis Information for the Public

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of Viral Hepatitis Contact Us Quick Links to Hepatitis ... A | B | C | D | E Viral Hepatitis Home ... Outbreaks State and Local Partners & Grantees Resource Center Hepatitis Information for the Public Recommend on Facebook Tweet ...

  1. Information Systems and Public Planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ida R. Hoos

    1971-01-01

    Persuaded that management information systems will help them achieve efficiency of operation and attain organizational goals, public planners, like those in the private sector, are eagerly embarking on ambitious feasibility studies and contracting for elaborate hardware and software systems. Since this effort is being undertaken in the service of the public, it is important to assess the social costs and

  2. The Emerging Internationalism of Online Information Retrieval.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Summit, Roger K.

    Until 1980 online information retrieval and dissemination services were for the most part based in the United States. Today, however, a variety of information services as well as packet-switched networks are emerging in other countries. Although U.S. developed software still predominates in overall use, activity in Europe and other countries is…

  3. Information Security Synthesis in Online Universities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria Schuett; M. Rahman

    2011-01-01

    Information assurance is at the core of every initiative that an organization executes. For online universities, a common and complex initiative is maintaining user lifecycle and providing seamless access using one identity in a large virtual infrastructure. To achieve information assurance the management of user privileges affected by events in the user's identity lifecycle needs to be the determining factor

  4. Towards secure information systems in online banking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zakaria Karim; Karim Mohammed Rezaul; Aliar Hossain

    2009-01-01

    In this era of globalization, information security is becoming more important because the world is becoming highly interconnected with the Internet. At present customers can do banking online which is easy and time saving and at the same time they are vulnerable to threats. This paper seeks to investigate the current debate regarding the threats and vulnerabilities of the information

  5. Information Parents Must Know about Online Privacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Markell, Ginny

    2000-01-01

    Presents four tips to help parents monitor whether website operators are complying with the 1988 Children's Online Privacy Protection Act: look for privacy policies on children's websites; determine if they ask for parental consent to collect personal information; regularly monitor information being sent to children; and determine if web operators…

  6. Information Privacy and Online Behaviors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Franklin Krohn; Xueming Luo; Maxwell K. Hsu

    2002-01-01

    This study explores several key potential influences of privacy concerns on consumers' attitudes toward websites. Using a sample of 221 subjects, it was found that privacy concerns could decrease the likelihood of purchasing online. This finding highlights the importance of privacy concerns and contributes to the understanding of Internet marketing in that the early literature incompletely addresses the issue of

  7. Local Studies Collections Online: An Investigation in Irish Public Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barry, Lara; Tedd, Lucy A.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to investigate how public libraries in Ireland are using their websites to present local studies collections online. Design/methodology/approach: All the websites of public libraries in Ireland were evaluated against a checklist of 50 criteria by one of the authors. An analytic description was provided of the four…

  8. End-Users/Public Access. Reprints from the Best of "ONLINE" [and]"DATABASE."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Online, Inc., Weston, CT.

    Reprints of 20 articles pertaining to the topics of end-users and public access appear in this volume, which is one in a series of volumes of reprints from "ONLINE" and "DATABASE" magazines. Edited for information professionals who use electronically distributed databases, these articles address such topics as: (1) managing a compact disc…

  9. Online Public Access Catalog: The Google Maps of the Library World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Kieren

    2011-01-01

    What do Google Maps and a library's Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC) have in common? Google Maps provides users with all the information they need for a trip in one place; users can get directions and find out what attractions, hotels, and restaurants are close by. Librarians must find the ultimate OPAC that will provide, in one place, all the…

  10. PrivacyJudge: Effective Privacy Controls for Online Published Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bastian Konings; David Piendl; Florian Schaub; Michael Weber

    2011-01-01

    With the rise of online social networks, sharing of personal information online has become the rule for many people rather than the exception. However, users have only limited abilities to effectively control privacy of their posted information. Even gaining an overview of posted information is already a difficult task. We propose a privacy control system for personal information online. Privacy

  11. Discovery and Protection of Sensitive Linkage Information for Online Social Networks Services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Nan; Song, Min; Fu, Xinwen; Yu, Wei

    This paper investigates the problem of suppressing access to sensitive linkage information over data published by users of an online social network service. We unveil the potential threats by inferring linkage information from the user-published data, and suggest a class of data publishing schemes to enable distributed data publication by individual users but hide the sensitive information. Our hope is that this white paper shed lights on the future investigation of privacy-preserving online social network services.

  12. [Medical publications and information technologies].

    PubMed

    Espinosa-Larrañaga, Francisco

    2013-01-01

    The development of the computer science during the last 30 years has had a very important influence in human life, changing paradigms on all daily activities like public policies, commerce, education and science development. The aim of this editorial is to communicate some considerations about the way the development of technology in information and communication had influenced on the spread of scientific knowledge in its using on medical publications. PMID:23883449

  13. THE COATINGS GUIDE: AN ONLINE INFORMATION RESOURCE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The paper discusses the Coatings Guide, a free online information training resource that focuses on alternative low-emission coatings for metal and plastic substrates. Developed cooperatively by the U.S. EPA's Office of Research and Development and Research Triangle Institute, it...

  14. How Online Citizen Journalism Publications and Online Newspapers Utilize the Objectivity Standard and Rely on External Sources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Serena Carpenter

    2008-01-01

    This research utilizes Shoemaker and Reese's Hierarchy of Influences to understand how routines influence online citizen journalism and online newspaper content. Reliance on routines affects the diversity of content publicly available. Overall, online daily newspaper journalists were more likely to rely on routines than online citizen journalists. Newspaper journalists relied more heavily on external sources, while citizen journalists used more

  15. Low Health Literacy and Evaluation of Online Health Information: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    van den Putte, Bas; Giani, Stefano; van Weert, Julia CM

    2015-01-01

    Background Recent years have witnessed a dramatic increase in consumer online health information seeking. The quality of online health information, however, remains questionable. The issue of information evaluation has become a hot topic, leading to the development of guidelines and checklists to design high-quality online health information. However, little attention has been devoted to how consumers, in particular people with low health literacy, evaluate online health information. Objective The main aim of this study was to review existing evidence on the association between low health literacy and (1) people’s ability to evaluate online health information, (2) perceived quality of online health information, (3) trust in online health information, and (4) use of evaluation criteria for online health information. Methods Five academic databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Communication and Mass-media Complete) were systematically searched. We included peer-reviewed publications investigating differences in the evaluation of online information between people with different health literacy levels. Results After abstract and full-text screening, 38 articles were included in the review. Only four studies investigated the specific role of low health literacy in the evaluation of online health information. The other studies examined the association between educational level or other skills-based proxies for health literacy, such as general literacy, and outcomes. Results indicate that low health literacy (and related skills) are negatively related to the ability to evaluate online health information and trust in online health information. Evidence on the association with perceived quality of online health information and use of evaluation criteria is inconclusive. Conclusions The findings indicate that low health literacy (and related skills) play a role in the evaluation of online health information. This topic is therefore worth more scholarly attention. Based on the results of this review, future research in this field should (1) specifically focus on health literacy, (2) devote more attention to the identification of the different criteria people use to evaluate online health information, (3) develop shared definitions and measures for the most commonly used outcomes in the field of evaluation of online health information, and (4) assess the relationship between the different evaluative dimensions and the role played by health literacy in shaping their interplay. PMID:25953147

  16. Online sources of herbal product information.

    PubMed

    Owens, Christopher; Baergen, Ralph; Puckett, Derek

    2014-02-01

    Herbal products are commonly used to treat clinical conditions and are often purchased online without the supervision of a healthcare provider. The use of herbals remains controversial because of widespread exaggerated claims of clinical efficacy and safety. We conducted an online search of 13 common herbals (including black cohosh, echinacea, garlic, ginkgo, ginseng, green tea, kava, saw palmetto, and St John's wort) and reviewed the top 50 Web sites for each using a Google search. We analyzed clinical claims, warnings, and other safety information. A total of 1179 Web sites were examined. Less than 8% of retail sites provided information regarding potential adverse effects, drug interactions, and other safety information; only 10.5% recommended consultation with a healthcare professional. Less than 3% cited scientific literature to accompany their claims. Key safety information is still lacking from many online sources of herbal information. Certain nonretail site types may be more reliable, but physicians and other healthcare professionals should be aware of the variable quality of these sites to help patients make more informed decisions. PMID:24290486

  17. Online Learning in Public Health Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stamatikos, Alexis; Ratnapradifa, Dhitinut

    2011-01-01

    With the advancement of technology over the years, there has been a vast expansion in the use of distance learning for employment training purposes. One of the main benefits of online versus traditional training is that it gives instructors the opportunity to teach pupils who, because of traveling distance and transport limitations or other access…

  18. Finding Reliable Health Information Online

    MedlinePLUS

    ... with your physician any articles that interest you. Internet Credibility Help from Genetic Alliance The Access To ... for people developing educational materials. Top of page Internet Resources Genetics Information Genetic Testing Registry www.ncbi. ...

  19. Information diffusion in structured online social networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Pei; Zhang, Yini; Qiao, Fengcai; Wang, Hui

    2015-05-01

    Nowadays, due to the word-of-mouth effect, online social networks have been considered to be efficient approaches to conduct viral marketing, which makes it of great importance to understand the diffusion dynamics in online social networks. However, most research on diffusion dynamics in epidemiology and existing social networks cannot be applied directly to characterize online social networks. In this paper, we propose models to characterize the information diffusion in structured online social networks with push-based forwarding mechanism. We introduce the term user influence to characterize the average number of times that messages are browsed which is incurred by a given type user generating a message, and study the diffusion threshold, above which the user influence of generating a message will approach infinity. We conduct simulations and provide the simulation results, which are consistent with the theoretical analysis results perfectly. These results are of use in understanding the diffusion dynamics in online social networks and also critical for advertisers in viral marketing who want to estimate the user influence before posting an advertisement.

  20. Optimizing online social networks for information propagation.

    PubMed

    Chen, Duan-Bing; Wang, Guan-Nan; Zeng, An; Fu, Yan; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

    2014-01-01

    Online users nowadays are facing serious information overload problem. In recent years, recommender systems have been widely studied to help people find relevant information. Adaptive social recommendation is one of these systems in which the connections in the online social networks are optimized for the information propagation so that users can receive interesting news or stories from their leaders. Validation of such adaptive social recommendation methods in the literature assumes uniform distribution of users' activity frequency. In this paper, our empirical analysis shows that the distribution of online users' activity is actually heterogenous. Accordingly, we propose a more realistic multi-agent model in which users' activity frequency are drawn from a power-law distribution. We find that previous social recommendation methods lead to serious delay of information propagation since many users are connected to inactive leaders. To solve this problem, we design a new similarity measure which takes into account users' activity frequencies. With this similarity measure, the average delay is significantly shortened and the recommendation accuracy is largely improved. PMID:24816894

  1. New Model for Multimedia Interfaces to Online Public Access Catalogues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pejtersen, Annelise Mark

    1992-01-01

    Describes the Book House, an interactive, multimedia online public access catalog (OPAC) developed in Denmark that uses icons, text, and animation. An alternative design model that addresses problems in OPACs is described; and database design, system navigation, use for fiction retrieval, and evaluation are discussed. (20 references) (MES)

  2. NATURE REVIEWS | ENDOCRINOLOGY ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | 1 Introduction

    E-print Network

    Blumberg, Bruce

    NATURE REVIEWS | ENDOCRINOLOGY ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | 1 Introduction Although genome 10,904 children aged 2­3 years showed that those who consumed sugar-sweetened bever- ages (SSB; defined as any drink sweetened with glucose, sucrose, fructose or high- fructose corn syrup [HFCS]) had

  3. Information Security Synthesis in Online Universities

    E-print Network

    Schuett, Maria; Rahman, M; 10.5121/ijnsa.2011.3501

    2011-01-01

    Information assurance is at the core of every initiative that an organization executes. For online universities, a common and complex initiative is maintaining user lifecycle and providing seamless access using one identity in a large virtual infrastructure. To achieve information assurance the management of user privileges affected by events in the user's identity lifecycle needs to be the determining factor for access control. While the implementation of identity and access management systems makes this initiative feasible, it is the construction and maintenance of the infrastructure that makes it complex and challenging. The objective of this paper1 is to describe the complexities, propose a practical approach to building a foundation for consistent user experience and realizing security synthesis in online universities.

  4. An Evaluation of On-Line Information Retrieval System Techniques.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolfe, Theodore

    This report presents a review and evaluation of three remote access on-line information retrieval systems and some ideas on what the capabilities of an ideal on-line information retrieval system should be. The three systems reviewed are the DDC Remote On-Line Retrieval System, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration RECON System, and the…

  5. 7 CFR 800.8 - Public information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...GENERAL REGULATIONS Administration § 800.8 Public information. ...been denied, for public inspection and copying...Packers and Stockyards Administration, at 14th Street...C. 20250. The public may request...

  6. 7 CFR 800.8 - Public information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...GENERAL REGULATIONS Administration § 800.8 Public information. ...been denied, for public inspection and copying...Packers and Stockyards Administration, at 14th Street...C. 20250. The public may request...

  7. 7 CFR 800.8 - Public information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...GENERAL REGULATIONS Administration § 800.8 Public information. ...been denied, for public inspection and copying...Packers and Stockyards Administration, at 14th Street...C. 20250. The public may request...

  8. 7 CFR 800.8 - Public information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...GENERAL REGULATIONS Administration § 800.8 Public information. ...been denied, for public inspection and copying...Packers and Stockyards Administration, at 14th Street...C. 20250. The public may request...

  9. 7 CFR 800.8 - Public information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...GENERAL REGULATIONS Administration § 800.8 Public information. ...been denied, for public inspection and copying...Packers and Stockyards Administration, at 14th Street...C. 20250. The public may request...

  10. Misinformation on the Internet: Applying Evaluation Skills to Online information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzgerald, Mary Ann

    1997-01-01

    Describes online misinformation: incomplete, out-of-date, biased information; pranks; contradictions; improperly translated data; software incompatibilities; unauthorized revisions; factual errors; and scholarly misconduct. Suggests online searchers should be skeptical, establish prior knowledge, distinguish between fact and opinion, evaluate…

  11. Informational Environments: Organizational Contexts of Online Information Use.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamb, Roberta; King, John Leslie; Kling, Rob

    2003-01-01

    Examines sustained use and non-use of online services within organizations using an open-systems view that overcomes limitations of traditional approaches that led to over-estimates of use. Focuses on the informational environments of firms in three industries: law, real estate, and biotech/pharmaceuticals; and discusses insights from an intranets…

  12. Exploring the use of online corporate sustainability information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Rowbottom; A. Lymer

    2009-01-01

    Whilst the supply, exclusivity and prominence of online corporate sustainability information has increased in recent years, comparatively little is known about what information is used by whom. This paper explores which user groups access online corporate sustainability information, and assesses the relative use of sustainability reports and other forms of social and environmental information disseminated on corporate Websites. To collect

  13. On your time: online training for the public health workforce.

    PubMed

    Kenefick, Hope Worden; Ravid, Sharon; MacVarish, Kathleen; Tsoi, Jennifer; Weill, Kenny; Faye, Elizabeth; Fidler, Anne

    2014-03-01

    The need for competency-based training for the public health workforce is well documented. However, human and financial resource limitations within public health agencies often make it difficult for public health practitioners to attend classroom-based training programs. The Internet is an increasingly popular way of extending training beyond the workforce. Although research describes attributes of effective online learning modules, much of the available training delivered via the Internet does not incorporate such attributes. The authors describe the On Your Time training series, an effective distance education program and training model for public health practitioners, which includes a standardized process for development, review, evaluation, and continuous quality improvement. On Your Time is a series of awareness-level (i.e., addressing what practitioners should know), competency-based training modules that address topics related to regulatory responsibilities of public health practitioners (e.g., assuring compliance with codes and regulations governing housing, retail food safety, private water supplies, hazardous and solid waste, on-site wastewater systems, etc.), public health surveillance, case investigation, disease prevention, health promotion, and emergency preparedness. The replicable model incorporates what is known about best practices for online training and maximizes available resources in the interests of sustainability. PMID:24578365

  14. Facilitating community information seeking using the Internet: Findings from three public library-community network systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen E. Pettigrew; Joan C. Durrance; Kenton T. Unruh

    2002-01-01

    We report findings from a recent study of how public libraries are using on-line community networks to facilitate the public's information seeking and use in everyday situations. These networks have been lauded for their potential to strengthen physical communities through increasing information flow about local services and events, and through facilitating civic interaction. However, little is known about how the

  15. The telemedicine information exchange: an online resource.

    PubMed

    Brown, N A

    1998-09-01

    Telemedicine is the use of telecommunications to provide health care services at a distance. It has grown from mostly government-subsidized research initiatives into a fledgling industry. This growth was fueled by decreasing costs of telecommunications and information technologies and fanned by rising health care costs. The telemedicine information exchange (TIE) (http:(/)/tie.telemed.org), developed by the Telemedicine Research Center in Portland, OR, is both a product and a vehicle of this rapid growth. It facilitates collection of telemedicine information from many sources, providing an easy-to-use hypertext format. This article describes the TIE's development, advantages and disadvantages of a web-based online library, and it's codevelopment with a rapidly expanding industry. PMID:9861508

  16. Using Research on Learning from Text to Inform Online Discussion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gao, Fei; Putnam, Ralph T.

    2009-01-01

    Drawing on research literature on online discussion and on reading and learning from the text, we argue that research on learning from text has much to offer but has been largely absent in informing the design and study of online learning environments. We propose several key issues to be considered in research and development of online discussion,…

  17. Fishing for Information: Finding Online Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zorfass, Judith M.; Minotti, Jennifer A.

    2006-01-01

    Public schools in the United States are facing a growing literacy crisis. Approximately a quarter of the population of 12th-grade students are still reading below basic levels, which means that they are barely able to comprehend at a literal level, make interpretations, identify relevant information, make simple inferences, and recognize and…

  18. Distance Teaching: Comparing Two Online Information Literacy Courses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth Blakesley Lindsay

    2004-01-01

    This article explores the similarities and differences between two asynchronous online information literacy courses. Details of the courses and how the ACRL information literacy standards are incorporated will be outlined. In exploring distance learning and distance teaching, the article will discuss issues related to online information literacy learning experiences and suggest ways to address those issues and improve teaching and

  19. 60 FR 30609 - Principles of Public Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    1995-06-09

    ...NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE Principles of Public...National Commission on Libraries and Information Science. ACTION: Request for...National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS)...

  20. Discovering Civil Discourse: Using the Online Public Sphere for Authentic Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGowan, Angela M.; Soczka Kaiser, Kelly

    2014-01-01

    The objective of the exercise described here is for students to be able to recognize Habermas's public sphere theory and analyze public deliberation occurring within the online public sphere. After completing this unit activity, students will also be able to distinguish between civil and uncivil comments that people use in online forums.…

  1. The Marine Realms Information Bank family of digital libraries: access to free online information for coastal and marine science

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.

    2007-01-01

    Searching the World Wide Web for reliable information about specific topics or locations can be frustrating: too many hits, too little relevance. A well-designed digital library, offering a carefully selected collection of online resources, is an attractive alternative to web search engines. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides three digital libraries for coastal and marine science to serve the needs of a diverse audience--scientists, public servants, educators, and the public.

  2. Extracting the information backbone in online system.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Qian-Ming; Zeng, An; Shang, Ming-Sheng

    2013-01-01

    Information overload is a serious problem in modern society and many solutions such as recommender system have been proposed to filter out irrelevant information. In the literature, researchers have been mainly dedicated to improving the recommendation performance (accuracy and diversity) of the algorithms while they have overlooked the influence of topology of the online user-object bipartite networks. In this paper, we find that some information provided by the bipartite networks is not only redundant but also misleading. With such "less can be more" feature, we design some algorithms to improve the recommendation performance by eliminating some links from the original networks. Moreover, we propose a hybrid method combining the time-aware and topology-aware link removal algorithms to extract the backbone which contains the essential information for the recommender systems. From the practical point of view, our method can improve the performance and reduce the computational time of the recommendation system, thus improving both of their effectiveness and efficiency. PMID:23690946

  3. Extracting the Information Backbone in Online System

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Qian-Ming; Zeng, An; Shang, Ming-Sheng

    2013-01-01

    Information overload is a serious problem in modern society and many solutions such as recommender system have been proposed to filter out irrelevant information. In the literature, researchers have been mainly dedicated to improving the recommendation performance (accuracy and diversity) of the algorithms while they have overlooked the influence of topology of the online user-object bipartite networks. In this paper, we find that some information provided by the bipartite networks is not only redundant but also misleading. With such “less can be more” feature, we design some algorithms to improve the recommendation performance by eliminating some links from the original networks. Moreover, we propose a hybrid method combining the time-aware and topology-aware link removal algorithms to extract the backbone which contains the essential information for the recommender systems. From the practical point of view, our method can improve the performance and reduce the computational time of the recommendation system, thus improving both of their effectiveness and efficiency. PMID:23690946

  4. Online Learning Communities: Enhancing Undergraduate Students' Acquisition of Information Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dominguez-Flores, Noraida; Wang, Ling

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of online learning communities (OLC) on enhancing the undergraduate students' acquisition of information skills. OLC was compared with online tutorials and one-shot face-to-face sessions designed to facilitate students' information skill acquisition. Data were gathered through multiple…

  5. Clinical decision support tools: analysis of online drug information databases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kevin A Clauson; Wallace A Marsh; Hyla H Polen; Matthew J Seamon; Blanca I Ortiz

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Online drug information databases are used to assist in enhancing clinical decision support. However, the choice of which online database to consult, purchase or subscribe to is likely made based on subjective elements such as history of use, familiarity, or availability during professional training. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical decision support tools for drug information

  6. Aspects of Information Service Management. Proceedings of the Fall Meeting of the New England On-Line Users Group (Tufts University, November 3, 1978).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New England On-Line Users Group.

    The proceedings of this meeting on online service administration comprise the three papers presented: one written by Helen G. Drinan concerning costing and budgeting for online information services; one by Robert McDermand on marketing, publicizing, and other service aspects of online searching; and one by Donna R. Dolan pertaining to the training…

  7. Important Information about Your Online DirectoryImportant Information about Your Online Directory This online directory was developed to help members easily find participating physicians,This online directory was developed to help members easily find par

    E-print Network

    Important Information about Your Online DirectoryImportant Information about Your Online Directory This online directory was developed to help members easily find participating physicians,This online directory contained in this directory may change as participatingWhile we try to provide you with accurate data

  8. This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army.mil/doctrine/index.html).

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    #12;This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army, describes the role of United States Army Special Operations Forces (ARSOF) in the U.S. Army's operating and integrated use of military information support, cyber, and civil affairs operations. The relevance of Army

  9. Public Reporting of Quality Information on Medicaid Health Plans

    PubMed Central

    Felt-Lisk, Suzanne; Barrett, Allison; Nyman, Rebecca

    2007-01-01

    Transparency through public reporting of quality data is key to achieving the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) vision for 21st century health care. This article reviews the status of States' voluntary public reporting of Medicaid managed care (MMC) quality data, and analyzes these data. Twenty-one States, including 17 of the 20 largest managed care States, have made plan-level data publicly available online, although the data are sometimes thin, with few measures reported, hard-to-access, and old. We conclude that CMS could better leverage the power of public reporting for quality improvement (QI) by increasing the visibility of health plan employer data and information set (HEDIS®) data that States already collect. PMID:17645152

  10. 32 CFR 806.3 - Public information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION AIR FORCE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM § 806.3 Public information. (a) Functional requests. Air Force elements may receive requests for...

  11. 32 CFR 806.3 - Public information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION AIR FORCE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM § 806.3 Public information. (a) Functional requests. Air Force elements may receive requests for...

  12. 32 CFR 806.3 - Public information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION AIR FORCE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM § 806.3 Public information. (a) Functional requests. Air Force elements may receive requests for...

  13. 32 CFR 806.3 - Public information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION AIR FORCE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM § 806.3 Public information. (a) Functional requests. Air Force elements may receive requests for...

  14. 32 CFR 806.3 - Public information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION AIR FORCE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM § 806.3 Public information. (a) Functional requests. Air Force elements may receive requests for...

  15. Affording to exchange: social capital and online information sharing.

    PubMed

    Maksl, Adam; Young, Rachel

    2013-08-01

    The potential harm and benefit associated with sharing personal information online is a topic of debate and discussion. Using survey methods (n=872), we explore whether attainment of social capital online relates to greater comfort with sharing personal information. We found that perceptions of bridging and bonding social capital earned from using Facebook are significant predictors of overall comfort levels with sharing personal information. This research raises timely questions about how the perceived benefits of social networking sites influence how personal information is shared online. PMID:23600613

  16. ADAPTIKs: Adaptive Information Keyholes for Public Libraries

    E-print Network

    Deussen, Oliver

    ADAPTIKs: Adaptive Information Keyholes for Public Libraries Jens M¨uller HCI Group University of public libraries the design has to take particular account on two domain-specific aspects. First, given that public libraries are demographically diverse places, a low barrier to entry has

  17. Information Literacy Training in Canada's Public Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Julien, Heidi; Hoffman, Cameron

    2008-01-01

    The purposes of the study were to explore the role of Canada's public libraries in developing the public's information literacy (IL) skills, to explore current IL training practices, and to explore the perspectives and IL experiences of individuals who visit public libraries to access the Internet. This article documents the second phase of a…

  18. The Combined Health Information Database (CHD) Online

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1997-01-01

    A joint project of the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, this unified database of bibliographic records has been available to the public since 1985, and now sports a clean new interface. There are sixteen separately maintained databases that can be searched individually or at once, ranging from AIDS Education and Alzheimers Disease to Cancer Prevention and Weight Control. The simple search interface offers a single box into which keywords are entered. The detailed search interface allows the user to specify date of publication, media type, and language, and provides multiple query boxes that may be linked together by Boolean operators. Searches return lists of matches, from which individual bibliographic records (including abstracts) may be viewed. Reprint ordering procedures are also listed. Users may also browse information on the scope and coverage of each of the sixteen databases.

  19. Effects of Online Interaction and Instructor Presence on Students' Satisfaction and Success with Online Undergraduate Public Relations Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Jensen

    2014-01-01

    This study examined student success, failure, withdrawal, and satisfaction in online public relations courses based on instructor-student interaction, student-student interaction, and instructor presence. Student passing rates, D/F rates, withdrawal rates, and evaluations of instruction were compiled from fifty-one online PR courses run over the…

  20. Online information as a decision making aid for cancer patients: recommendations from the Eurocancercoms project.

    PubMed

    Maddock, Carol; Camporesi, Silvia; Lewis, Ian; Ahmad, Kafait; Sullivan, Richard

    2012-05-01

    A pan-European survey was conducted under the auspices of the FP7 Eurocancercoms project during the period September 2010-March 2011. It was designed to broaden public policy understanding of patients' specific needs when seeking online cancer information and aimed to identify gaps in the online cancer information provision across Europe. In this paper we describe the methodology and main findings of the Tenovus survey, and draw some recommendations on the use of online information as a decision making aid for cancer patients and their families, namely: (1) transparency and accountability of the sources of information presented online; (2) accreditation of information by different recognised forms of authority and expertise, i.e. both by health-care professional and by patients/public members belonging to patient advocacy groups; (3) scaling up of information: we envisage a 3-tiered system that would enable patients to access different levels of complexity and volume of information from summary to detailed; (4) embedding of custom search tools and interactive search technologies to allow users to define requirements tailored on their needs and be context-driven; (5) communication across discipline boundaries, as patients' and doctors' online communities have very little or no contact among one another. These recommendations were applied for building the online platform EcancerHub, also under the auspices of the Eurocancercoms project, which by bringing together the different cancer communities seeks to break down traditional information boundaries, and through the interactions produce a surplus knowledge that could aid patients in difficult decision making times. PMID:22033324

  1. Chinese online fiction: taste publics, entertainment, and Candle in the Tomb

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander Lugg

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the growing cultural trend of Chinese online fiction. Using Gans's twin concepts of taste culture and taste public, it looks at online fiction as a product of two taste cultures evident on the Chinese Web. The paper then explores the growing appeal of online fiction for consumers and producers (or readers and authors) in relation to two

  2. MODELLING INFORMATION SEEKING BEHAVIOUR OF AEC PROFESSIONALS ON ONLINE TECHNICAL INFORMATION RESOURCES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sameh Shaaban; John McKechnie; Stephen Lockley

    SUMMARY: With the increasing popularity of architectural, engineering and construction (AEC) online information resources, studies have emphasized the need for domain specific systems that acknowledge both the user's information tasks and skills. This study concentrates on analysing the users' information behaviour when involved in an online information seeking session. This analysis aims to find out whether there are patterns of

  3. Studying the Impact of Privacy Information on Online Purchase Decisions

    E-print Network

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    Studying the Impact of Privacy Information on Online Purchase Decisions Serge Egelman Carnegie. INTRODUCTION Numerous studies have found that Internet users are con- cerned about online privacy. With the increasing deployment of computer- readable privacy policies encoded using the standard W3C Platform

  4. Medicare.gov: View and Download Publications On-Line

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The US Health Care Financing Administration provides this selection of consumer publications on Medicare, long-term care, and other health care issues. Users will find a guide to selecting a nursing home, information on skilled nursing facilities for Medicare beneficiaries, and an overview of Medicare Managed Care. Additional information is available on Medicare and mammograms, Medicare kidney coverage, Medicare home health care, and detecting consumer fraud.

  5. A Comparison of Traditional and Online Formats in a Public Speaking Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Ruth Anne; Jones, David

    2001-01-01

    Compares traditional and online formats in a public speaking course. Gives a description of the online format and notes factors related to selection format. Considers students' global evaluations of format and students' reports of their speaking apprehension. Concludes with an evaluation of public speaking skills. (SG)

  6. CLSI On-Line Public Catalog Keyboard Terminal Manual: Training Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Univ., Chico.

    This training manual developed by the Public Access Subcommittee of the Reference Department of Meriam Library (California State University, Chico) provides instructions for using the library's online public catalog by means of a keyboard terminal. An introduction describes the Boolean searching capability of the online catalog and gives examples…

  7. The Separate Spheres of Online Health: Gender, Parenting, and Online Health Information Searching in the Information Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Michael J.; Cotten, Shelia R.; Drentea, Patricia

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this article is to explore how parental status, gender, and their interaction influence a variety of aspects of searching for online health information. Drawing on nationally representative survey data, the results show that in a number of ways parenting and gender have separate but significant influences on the following: online

  8. Sources of Traffic and Visitors’ Preferences Regarding Online Public Reports of Quality: Web Analytics and Online Survey Results

    PubMed Central

    Hibbard, Judith H; Greaves, Felix; Dudley, R Adams

    2015-01-01

    Background In the context of the Affordable Care Act, there is extensive emphasis on making provider quality transparent and publicly available. Online public reports of quality exist, but little is known about how visitors find reports or about their purpose in visiting. Objective To address this gap, we gathered website analytics data from a national group of online public reports of hospital or physician quality and surveyed real-time visitors to those websites. Methods Websites were recruited from a national group of online public reports of hospital or physician quality. Analytics data were gathered from each website: number of unique visitors, method of arrival for each unique visitor, and search terms resulting in visits. Depending on the website, a survey invitation was launched for unique visitors on landing pages or on pages with quality information. Survey topics included type of respondent (eg, consumer, health care professional), purpose of visit, areas of interest, website experience, and demographics. Results There were 116,657 unique visitors to the 18 participating websites (1440 unique visitors/month per website), with most unique visitors arriving through search (63.95%, 74,606/116,657). Websites with a higher percent of traffic from search engines garnered more unique visitors (P=.001). The most common search terms were for individual hospitals (23.25%, 27,122/74,606) and website names (19.43%, 22,672/74,606); medical condition terms were uncommon (0.81%, 605/74,606). Survey view rate was 42.48% (49,560/116,657 invited) resulting in 1755 respondents (participation rate=3.6%). There were substantial proportions of consumer (48.43%, 850/1755) and health care professional respondents (31.39%, 551/1755). Across websites, proportions of consumer (21%-71%) and health care professional respondents (16%-48%) varied. Consumers were frequently interested in using the information to choose providers or assess the quality of their provider (52.7%, 225/427); the majority of those choosing a provider reported that they had used the information to do so (78%, 40/51). Health care professional (26.6%, 115/443) and consumer (20.8%, 92/442) respondents wanted cost information and consumers wanted patient narrative comments (31.5%, 139/442) on the public reports. Health care professional respondents rated the experience on the reports higher than consumers did (mean 7.2, SD 2.2 vs mean 6.2, SD 2.7; scale 0-10; P<.001). Conclusions Report sponsors interested in increasing the influence of their reports could consider using techniques to improve search engine traffic, providing cost information and patient comments, and improving the website experience for both consumers and health care professionals. PMID:25934100

  9. Education, Training and Marketing for Online Information Retrieval Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tedd, Lucy A.

    1979-01-01

    Discusses general aspects of education, training, and marketing techniques for on-line searching, and describes methods adopted by 12 organizations in Norway, the Netherlands, France, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium, and Britain that use computers for their bibliographic information requirements. (CWM)

  10. Overview of RSA Public Key Cryptography Cryptography [This material is available on-line at

    E-print Network

    Kulkarni, Vidyadhar G.

    Overview of RSA Public Key Cryptography Cryptography [This material is available on-line at http using her public key. Public-key cryptography generates a public key and a private key by using) would be 1024 bits. Details of RSA cryptography and other cryptography techniques can be found

  11. Middle-School Students' Online Information Problem Solving Behaviors on the Information Retrieval Interface

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeh, Yi-Fen; Hsu, Ying-Shao; Chuang, Fu-Tai; Hwang, Fu-Kwun

    2014-01-01

    With the near-overload of online information, it is necessary to equip our students with the skills necessary to deal with Information Problem Solving (IPS). This study also intended to help students develop major IPS strategies with the assistance of an instructor's scaffolding in a designed IPS course as well as on an Online Information

  12. Using wikis as an online health information resource.

    PubMed

    Younger, P

    Wikis can be a powerful online resource for the provision and sharing of information, with the proviso that information found on them should be independently verified. This article defines wikis and sets them in context with recent developments on the internet. The article discusses the use of Wikipedia and other wikis as potential sources of health information for nurses. PMID:20527486

  13. Information needs in public health and health policy: Results of recent studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick W. O'Carroll; Marjorie A. Cahn; Ione Auston; Catherine R. Selden

    1998-01-01

    Conclusion  Clearly, much work needs to be done to address the diverse and sometimes unique on-line information needs of public health\\u000a professionals and health policy analysts. In some cases, there are needs for complex new knowledge bases created via linkages\\u000a among multiple databases (e.g., public health-relevant geographic information systems).\\u000a \\u000a However, in many other cases, what is needed is a more systematic

  14. Texas Public Information Act (Ch. 552, Government Code) The Texas Public Information Act (PIA) guarantees the public copies of or access to

    E-print Network

    administration. · Public information does not include: personal correspondence of System employees1 Texas Public Information Act (Ch. 552, Government Code) · The Texas Public Information Act (PIA) guarantees the public copies of or access to "public information." The PIA defines "public information

  15. PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY

    E-print Network

    Christian, Eric

    PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL by NASA's Deep Space Network, which is managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. ##### #1377 5/28/91 dea

  16. IAENG International Journal of Applied Mathematics, 39:4, IJAM_39_4_07 (Advance online publication: 12 November 2009)

    E-print Network

    Lambers, James

    _4_07 ______________________________________________________________________________________ (Advance online publication: 12 November 2009) #12;IAENG International Journal of Applied Mathematics, 39_4_07 ______________________________________________________________________________________ (Advance online publication: 12 November 2009) #12;IAENG International Journal of Applied Mathematics, 39_4_07 ______________________________________________________________________________________ (Advance online publication: 12 November 2009) #12;IAENG International Journal of Applied Mathematics, 39

  17. 24 CFR 25.12 - Public access to information; publication of actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Public access to information; publication of actions. 25.12...Urban Development MORTGAGEE REVIEW BOARD § 25.12 Public access to information; publication of actions....

  18. 24 CFR 25.12 - Public access to information; publication of actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Public access to information; publication of actions. 25.12...Urban Development MORTGAGEE REVIEW BOARD § 25.12 Public access to information; publication of actions....

  19. 24 CFR 25.12 - Public access to information; publication of actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Public access to information; publication of actions. 25.12...Urban Development MORTGAGEE REVIEW BOARD § 25.12 Public access to information; publication of actions....

  20. 24 CFR 25.12 - Public access to information; publication of actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Public access to information; publication of actions. 25.12...Urban Development MORTGAGEE REVIEW BOARD § 25.12 Public access to information; publication of actions....

  1. 1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Public access to information. 456.4 Section...ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General...dissemination of information to the public. The Commission's staff is...

  2. 1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Public access to information. 456.4 Section...ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General...dissemination of information to the public. The Commission's staff is...

  3. 1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Public access to information. 456.4 Section...ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General...dissemination of information to the public. The Commission's staff is...

  4. 1 CFR 456.4 - Public access to information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Public access to information. 456.4 Section...ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.4 Public access to information. (a) General...dissemination of information to the public. The Commission's staff is...

  5. 5 CFR 294.201 - Public information policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 false Public information policy. 294.201 Section 294...OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS AVAILABILITY OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION The Public Information Function § 294.201 Public...

  6. The informed society: an analysis of the public's information-seeking behavior regarding coastal flood risks.

    PubMed

    Kellens, Wim; Zaalberg, Ruud; De Maeyer, Philippe

    2012-08-01

    Recent flood risk management puts an increasing emphasis on the public's risk perception and its preferences. It is now widely recognized that a better knowledge of the public's awareness and concern about risks is of vital importance to outline effective risk communication strategies. Models such as Risk Information Seeking and Processing address this evolution by considering the public's needs and its information-seeking behavior with regard to risk information. This study builds upon earlier information-seeking models and focuses on the empirical relationships between information-seeking behavior and the constructs of risk perception, perceived hazard knowledge, response efficacy, and information need in the context of coastal flood risks. Specific focus is given to the mediating role of information need in the model and to the differences in information-seeking behavior between permanent and temporary residents. By means of a structured on-line questionnaire, a cross-sectional survey was carried out in the city of Ostend, one of the most vulnerable places to coastal flooding on the Belgian coast. Three hundred thirteen respondents participated in the survey. Path analysis reveals that information need does not act as a mediator in contrast to risk perception and perceived knowledge. In addition, it is shown that risk perception and perceived hazard knowledge are higher for permanent than temporary residents, leading to increased information-seeking behavior among the former group. Implications for risk communication are discussed. PMID:22150511

  7. 75 FR 76393 - Notice of Request for a New Information Collection (Public Health Information System)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ...a New Information Collection (Public Health Information System) AGENCY...collection concerning its Web-based Public Health Information System. DATES: Comments...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public Health Information System...

  8. Sexual Health Information Seeking Online Among Runaway and Homeless Youth

    PubMed Central

    Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Rice, Eric

    2012-01-01

    Research shows runaway and homeless youth are reluctant to seek help from traditional health providers. The Internet can be useful in engaging this population and meeting their needs for sexual health information, including information about HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Using a sample of homeless youth living in Los Angeles, California in June 2009, this study assesses the frequency with which runaway and homeless youth seek sexual health information via the Internet, and assesses which youth are more likely to engage in seeking health information from online sources. Drawing from Andersen’s (1968) health behavior model and Pescosolido’s (1992) network episode model, we develop and refine a model for seeking online sexual health information among homeless youth. Rather than testing the predicative strength of a given model, our aim is to identify and explore conceptually driven correlates that may shed light on the characteristics associated with these help seeking behaviors among homeless youth. Analyses using multivariate logistic regression models reveal that among the sample of youth, females and gay males most frequently seek sexual health information online. We demonstrate the structure of social network ties (e.g., connection with parents) and the content of interactions (e.g., e-mail forwards of health information) across ties are critical correlates of online sexual health information seeking. Results show a continued connection with parents via the Internet is significantly associated with youth seeking HIV or STI information. Similarly for content of interactions, more youth who were sent health information online also reported seeking HIV information and HIV-testing information. We discuss implications for intervention and practice, focusing on how the Internet may be used for dissemination of sexual health information and as a resource for social workers to link transient, runaway, and homeless youth to care. PMID:22247795

  9. MarsQuest Online: Bringing exploration to the public

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harold, J.; Dusenbery, P.

    2004-12-01

    The last decade has seen an unprecedented number of missions to Mars. From orbiters to landers, we have been treated to an extraordinary series of views of the red planet. In 1997, the MarsQuest traveling exhibit was launched to help bring those views to the public. Three years later NSF funded MarsQuest Online (www.marsquestonline.org), a web project designed to extend the reach and scope of the MarsQuest exhibit. A partnership between TERC, the Space Science Institute, and JPL, MarsQuest Online provides visitors with a wide range of activities that incorporate imagery and data from Mars spacecraft. Activities challenge visitors to recognize which planet a picture is from, or identify features in high resolution imagery. Topographic and image data from Mars Global Surveyor are combined in 3D globes of Earth and Mars, allowing visitors to vertically stretch the planets while locating highest and lowest points, volcanoes, etc. While not designed specifically as a "citizen science" program, two parts of the site - the MER image archive, and the global 3D system -- could hold great potential for such activities. The MER image archive incorporates a real-time feed of raw images from the rover missions. Images are sortable by Mars day and camera, while a combination of panoramas and overhead views allow visitors to view the images in context and explore Mars along with the rovers. The global 3D system, still in development, is an expansion of the 3D activities currently on the site. This system will tap a global set of high resolution image and topographic tiles produced by JPL. This will allow visitors to fly seamlessly over Mars in 3D at the full resolution of these datasets. In addition, the system will include an annotation system to allow for the authoring of "tours" of the planet. We will discuss both of the site components, their capabilities, and potential for the future.

  10. Environmental Programs Information: Affecting Kansas Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kansas State Department of Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This document provides a brief overview of the environmental issues that affect Kansas public schools. Specific programs that address these problems are included, along with their contact information. This document contains information on the following issues and programs: (1) Department of Health and Environment; (2) air; (3) asbestos; (4)…

  11. Viral information propagation in the Digg online social network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freeman, Mark; McVittie, James; Sivak, Iryna; Wu, Jianhong

    2014-12-01

    We propose the use of a variant of the epidemiological SIR model to accurately describe the diffusion of online content over the online social network Digg.com. We examine the qualitative properties of our viral information propagation model, demonstrate the model’s applications to social media spread in online social networks with particular focus on accurately predicting user voting behavior over a period of 50 h. The model allows us to characterize the peak time, turning point, viral period and final size (total number of votes), and gives much improved prediction of user voting behaviors than other established models.

  12. ODLIS - Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Reitz, Joan M.

    Every field has their own vocabulary of words that can sound like a foreign language to any 'outsider' and Library and Information Science is no different. This online dictionary helps define the multitude of terms an aspiring librarian or librarian technician may encounter. Print versions are also available in hardcover or paperback. Joan M. Reitz, Associate Librarian for Instruction at the Ruth A. Haas Library, Western Connecticut State University, created both online and print versions.

  13. Florida Public Health Training Center: Evidence-Based Online Mentor Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frahm, Kathryn A.; Alsac-Seitz, Biray; Mescia, Nadine; Brown, Lisa M.; Hyer, Kathy; Liburd, Desiree; Rogoff, David P.; Troutman, Adewale

    2013-01-01

    This article describes an Online Mentor Program (OMP) designed to support and facilitate mentorships among and between Florida Department of Health (FDOH) employees and USF College of Public Health students using a Web-based portal. The Florida Public Health Training Center (FPHTC) at the University of South Florida (USF) College of Public Health…

  14. THINK TANK Online Data Privacy Policy Personal Information

    E-print Network

    Ziurys, Lucy M.

    of Arizona is committed to providing its users good privacy practices regarding electronic personalTHINK TANK Online Data Privacy Policy Personal Information The THINK TANK at the University with external organizations for data management. Information collected by systems is used to provide and tailor

  15. Informal interactions and their implications for online courses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Juan Contreras-castillo; Jesús Favela; Carmen Pérez-fragoso; Eduardo Santamar??a-del-Angel

    2004-01-01

    Informal interactions are often undervalued, yet, studies in office and educational environments show that they play an important role in successful collaborative projects. Online courses however, offer limited opportunities for informal interactions, which might put them at a disadvantage when compared to traditional courses. To evaluate possible technological solutions to this problem, we conducted a study of a computational system,

  16. Online Discussion in a Hybrid Information Literacy Credit Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Warren N.

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses how an instruction librarian created an online learning community of adult learners in a hybrid, credit-bearing information literacy course. The Blackboard course management system was utilized for weekly course discussion on ethical issues involving the use of information to promote student engagement in the critical…

  17. Public Claims about Automatic External Defibrillators: An Online Consumer Opinions Study

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Patients are no longer passive recipients of health care, and increasingly engage in health communications outside of the traditional patient and health care professional relationship. As a result, patient opinions and health related judgements are now being informed by a wide range of social, media, and online information sources. Government initiatives recognise self-delivery of health care as a valuable means of responding to the anticipated increased global demand for health resources. Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs), designed for the treatment of Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA), have recently become available for 'over the counter' purchase with no need for a prescription. This paper explores the claims and argumentation of lay persons and health care practitioners and professionals relating to these, and how these may impact on the acceptance, adoption and use of these devices within the home context. Methods We carry out a thematic content analysis of a novel form of Internet-based data: online consumer opinions of AED devices posted on Amazon.com, the world's largest online retailer. A total of #83 online consumer reviews of home AEDs are analysed. The analysis is both inductive, identifying themes that emerged from the data, exploring the parameters of public debate relating to these devices, and also driven by theory, centring around the parameters that may impact upon the acceptance, adoption and use of these devices within the home as indicated by the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). Results Five high-level themes around which arguments for and against the adoption of home AEDs are identified and considered in the context of TAM. These include opinions relating to device usability, usefulness, cost, emotional implications of device ownership, and individual patient risk status. Emotional implications associated with AED acceptance, adoption and use emerged as a notable factor that is not currently reflected within the existing TAM. Conclusions The value, credibility and implications of the findings of this study are considered within the context of existing AED research, and related to technology acceptance theory. From a methodological perspective, this study demonstrates the potential value of online consumer reviews as a novel data source for exploring the parameters of public debate relating to emerging health care technologies. PMID:21592349

  18. A community education initiative to improve using online health information: participation and impact.

    PubMed

    Gray, Kathleen; Elliott, Kristine; Wale, Janet

    2013-09-01

    The Internet has become a major source of health information for the general public and has the potential to influence health behaviours; however, most people lack the knowledge and skills to use it insightfully. This paper reports on the evaluation of a community education program, in which a team of clinicians and consumer representatives from a large metropolitan hospital partnered with a major public library to provide free interactive workshops for the general public. The aim of the workshops was to improve participants' ability to find and use evidence-based health information on the Internet. The aim of the evaluation reported here was to study participation in and impact of these workshops. Researchers administered pre- and post-workshop surveys to 89 members of the general public who participated in a workshop. This study found not only similarities in participants' pre-workshop use of online health information compared with population-level studies but also some interesting differences. The workshop was found to have an overall positive impact on changing the way participants intended to look for and use health information in the future, and on improving their knowledge about evidence-based health information, with 63.5% of respondents stating that they would use health information in the future to ask a doctor new questions. These findings offer important evidence of the need to plan nuanced health literacy education and information strategies for the general public. PMID:23324099

  19. Rewriting public health information in plain language.

    PubMed

    Rudd, Rima E; Kaphingst, Kimberly; Colton, Tayla; Gregoire, John; Hyde, James

    2004-01-01

    Public health materials are often designed to inform and rally the public to spur action and maintain vigilance on important issues to family, work, community, and public policy. Limited access to public health information certainly curtails knowledge and awareness but may also hamper action and civic involvement. A growth in published assessments of health materials indicates an increased interest in the mismatch between the reading level of most health materials and the reading ability of the average adult. However, while several guidebooks offer suggestions for developing new materials, little attention has been given to the process of rewriting materials and grappling with bureaucratic language. We describe, in this case study, a process we used to assess and then rewrite a federally mandated report to consumers about the quality of their water. PMID:15360033

  20. Information integration for public safety officers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valcourt, Scott A.; Datla, Pushpa; Chamberlin, Kent; McMahon, Benjamin

    2008-04-01

    Information enabled by technology is used to support good decision-making in the public safety arena. In the information age, the current implementation includes the installation of laptop computers and other mobile computing technology into mobile environments including ambulances, fire vehicles and police cruisers. Typically, these computing devices are equipped with various multi-purpose and custom software applications to replicate the public safety officers' headquarters work environment. In our analysis, we have found that there are large amounts of publiclyavailable datasets that are not available to the public safety officer in the field, but if made available in a real-time environment, could greatly assist the decision-making tasks of the officer and increase the safety of the public entrusted to the officer's watch. Information delivery and integration in the public safety environment are key elements required to maximize data support of public safety. Utilizing aspects of requirements engineering, we propose and develop a variety of applications that allow public safety officials to synthesize and interact with real-time data in the field. Information integration used to locate a topographic area map, satellite image, or immediate alert of the prevailing weather conditions assist in the timely decision-making process, especially in areas where such data is not available in the field. Public and private data sources are delivered according to agency protocols. Our environment takes advantage of the existing Project54 application and hardware, developed at the University of New Hampshire, as well as existing datacasting technology and other wireless mobile communications technologies.

  1. A comparison of traditional and online formats in a public speaking course

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ruth Anne Clark; David Jones

    2001-01-01

    Online sections of a public speaking course at a community college were compared with traditional sections. The primary reason for selecting the online section centered on the convenience of few visits to campus and flexible time to complete work. A higher proportion of females and individuals wanting to know their classmates selected the traditional format. Students electing the two formats

  2. 45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206 Section 1703.206 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE...

  3. 45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206 Section 1703.206 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE...

  4. 45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206 Section 1703.206 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE...

  5. 45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206 Section 1703.206 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE...

  6. 45 CFR 1703.206 - Providing information to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Providing information to the public. 1703.206 Section 1703.206 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GOVERNMENT IN THE...

  7. 10 CFR 903.15 - Public information forums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 false Public information forums. 903...TRANSMISSION RATES Procedures for Public Participation in Power and...Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.15 Public information forums....

  8. 10 CFR 903.15 - Public information forums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 false Public information forums. 903...TRANSMISSION RATES Procedures for Public Participation in Power and...Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.15 Public information forums....

  9. 10 CFR 903.15 - Public information forums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 false Public information forums. 903...TRANSMISSION RATES Procedures for Public Participation in Power and...Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.15 Public information forums....

  10. 10 CFR 903.15 - Public information forums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2011-01-01 false Public information forums. 903...TRANSMISSION RATES Procedures for Public Participation in Power and...Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.15 Public information forums....

  11. 10 CFR 903.15 - Public information forums.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 false Public information forums. 903...TRANSMISSION RATES Procedures for Public Participation in Power and...Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.15 Public information forums....

  12. The use of online information resources by nurses*†

    PubMed Central

    Wozar, Jody A.; Worona, Paul C.

    2003-01-01

    Purpose: Based on the results of an informal needs assessment, the Usage of Online Information Resources by Nurses Project was designed to provide clinical nurses with accurate medical information at the point of care by introducing them to existing online library resources through instructional classes. Actual usage of the resources was then monitored for a set period of time. Methods: A two-hour hands-on class was developed for interested nurses. Participants were instructed in the content and use of several different online resources. A special Web page was designed for this project serving as an access point to the resources. Using a password system and WebTrends™ software, individual participant's usage of the resources was monitored for a thirty-day period following the class. At the end of the thirty days, usage results were tabulated, and participants were sent general evaluation forms. Results: Eight participants accessed the project page thirty-nine times in a thirty-day period. The most accessed resource was Primary Care Online (PCO), accessed thirty-three times. PCO was followed by MD Consult (17), Ovid (8), NLM resources (5), and electronic journals (1). The individual with the highest usage accessed the project page thirteen times. Conclusions: Practicing clinical nurses will use online medical information resources if they are first introduced to them and taught how to access and use them. Health sciences librarians can play an important role in providing instruction to this often overlooked population. PMID:12883576

  13. Attributes of Interactive Online Health Information Systems

    PubMed Central

    Pingree, Suzanne; Hawkins, Robert P; Buller, David B

    2005-01-01

    The development of online communication systems related to prevention, decision making, and coping with cancer has outpaced theoretical attention to the attributes that appeal to system users and that create effective interactions. This essay reviews a number of sociotechnical attributes related to online discussion systems and tutorials, including interactivity, presence, homophily, social distance, anonymity/privacy, and interaction management. These attributes are derived from different theoretical perspectives which have led to clinical trials and other empirical studies demonstrating effectiveness or attraction to end users. The effects of a subset of these attributes are connected to learning, social influence, and coping, as illustrated in evaluations of an interactive smoking prevention site and a cancer advice/support discussion system. PMID:15998624

  14. SCORPIO: A Study of Public Users of the Library of Congress Information System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pritchard, Sarah M.

    This report describes a survey conducted in 1979 to determine user response to SCORPIO, part of the Library of Congress Information System (LOCIS) consisting of online catalogs that are used directly by the public and are integrated with regular reference services. A questionnaire distributed to 123 users of this system asked about types of users,…

  15. Radiation risk perception and public information

    SciTech Connect

    Boggs-Mayes, C.J.

    1988-01-01

    We as Health Physicists face what, at many times, appears to be a hopeless task. The task simply stated is informing the public about the risks (or lack thereof) of radiation. Unfortunately, the public has perceived radiation risks to be much greater than they actually are. An example of this problem is shown in a paper by Arthur C. Upton. Three groups of people -- the League of Women Voters, students, and Business and Professional Club members -- were asked to rank 30 sources of risk according to their contribution to the number of deaths in the United States. Not surprisingly, they ranked nuclear power much higher and medical x-rays much lower than the actual values. In addition to the perception problem, we are faced with another hurdle: health physicists as communicators. Members of the Health Physics Society (HPS) found that the communication styles of most health physicists appear to be dissimilar to those of the general public. These authors administered the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator to the HPS Baltimore-Washington Chapter. This test, a standardized test for psychological type developed by Isabel Myers, ask questions that provide a quantitative measure of our natural preferences in four areas. Assume that you as a health physicist have the necessary skills to communicate information about radiation to the public. Health physicists do nothing with these tools. Most people involved in radiation protection do not get involved with public information activies. What I will attempt to do is heighten your interest in such activities. I will share information about public information activities in which I have been involved and give you suggestions for sources of information and materials. 2 refs., 1 tab.

  16. Trust in Online Prescription Drug Information Among Internet Users

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ajit M. Menon; Aparna D. Deshpande; Matthew Perri III; George M. Zinkhan

    2003-01-01

    The proliferation of both manufacturer-controlled and independent medication-related websites has aroused concern among consumers and policy-makers concerning the trustworthiness of Web-based drug information. The authors examine consumers' trust in on-line prescription drug information and its influence on information search behavior. The study design involves a retrospective analysis of data from a 1998 national survey. The findings reveal that trust in

  17. 78 FR 32234 - Notice of Request for Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection: Public Health...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-29

    ...Approved Information Collection: Public Health Information System--Animal...and rabbit slaughter for the Public Health Information System--Animal...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public Health Information System--...

  18. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere on the Internet: Focused on New Media Literacy and Collectivity of Online Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shin, Jiwon

    2013-01-01

    Through the case of one online disputant, Minerva, this study intended to see the possibilities of online communities as the public sphere. Minerva's postings and comments were analyzed using discourse analysis and ground theory. It was found that the online community did act as the public sphere at that time, such as setting agenda and…

  19. Dairy Herd On-line Information System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takahashi, Satoshi

    As the business circumstances have become worse, computational breeding management based on the scientific matters has been needed for dairy farming in our country. In this connection it was urgent to construct the system which provided data effectively used in the fields for dairy farmers. The Federation has executed to provide dairy farming technical data promptly through its own on-line network being composed of middle sized general-purpose computer (main memory : 5MB, and fixed disk : 1100MB) and 22 terminals.

  20. Evaluating Online Sources of Health Information

    MedlinePLUS

    ... information should make it easy for people to learn who is responsible for posting the information. They ... magazine, remember: The authors may not have expert knowledge in this area. They may not say where ...

  1. Online information needs of cancer patients and their organizations.

    PubMed

    Maddock, C; Lewis, I; Ahmad, K; Sullivan, R

    2011-01-01

    Increasingly patients, relatives and carers are accessing health information via the internet. However, the health profession and people affected by cancer are becoming concerned with the quality of that information. A European survey was conducted under the auspices of the FP7 European Commission funded Eurocancercoms project during the period September 2010-March 2011. Its aim was to assess current online information needs of people with cancer particularly those who seek information using online social media technologies and the internet more broadly. A literature review was undertaken to gain a greater understanding of health seeking behaviour regarding cancer patients' information needs and patient preferences for accessing different formats and media. This was used to inform the design and validation of online pan-European, multi-lingual questionnaires distributed via patient organizations and via specific Eurocancercoms partner organizations. This paper presents the results of this survey and suggests recommendations to be incorporated into the design of the online platform, ecancerHub, one of the intended outcomes of the Eurocancercoms project following this research. People want a wide variety of easy to find, easy to understand accurate information about cancer and how it is likely to impact on their everyday lives and on those close to them. They differ in the amount and detail of the information they would like and on their ability to identify quality information and understand it sufficiently to base their health-care decisions on. The majority of respondents raised the issue of quality of information and many requested recommendations of websites by the people who usually influence them most, the health professionals involved in their care. PMID:22276067

  2. Alternative Farming Systems Information Center: Publications

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The United States Department of Agriculture's website has a special section devoted to alternative farming systems, which include ecological pest management, value-added enterprises, agritourism, renewable energy on the farm, and aquaculture. Visitors will find the publications section related to alternative farming system to be filled with resources on a multitude of subjects. "Sustainability in Agriculture" is the first topic on the homepage, and includes a publication updated in 2007, called "Sustainable Agriculture: Definitions and Terms", that should be a good start for many visitors. Visitors interested in learning how to engage in sustainable agriculture methods, should take a look at "Sustainable Agriculture: Information Access Tools" published in 2009. The tools include publications on "Automated Database Searches", "Research Funding Resources", and "Top 10 research Journals". An informative piece of writing about the evolution of organic/sustainable agriculture is also available here.

  3. PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY

    E-print Network

    Christian, Eric

    PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL in which the solar wind is thought to originate." The mission operations team at Jet Propulsion Laboratory by NASA's Deep Space Network, which is managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. ##### #1385/JPL-PIO #12;

  4. PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY

    E-print Network

    Christian, Eric

    PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL manager at NASA'ís Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Distance from Earth at perihelion, or closest approach above the Sun's poles. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the U.S. portion of the mission for NASA

  5. PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY

    E-print Network

    Christian, Eric

    PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE December 5, 1994 Scientists from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the European Space, NASA project scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, who is participating in today's press

  6. Publicity, Privacy, and Permanence of Information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bennett, Charles H.

    2006-11-01

    The quantum principles of superposition and entanglement have led to a recasting of the foundations of information and computation theory, and are especially helpful in understanding the nature of privacy. The most private information, exemplified by a quantum eraser experiment, is best regarded as existing only conditionally and temporarily-after the experiment is over no trace remains. Less private is classically-secret information-quantum information that has decohered, and thus become recoverable in principle, though not in practice, from portions of the environment. Finally there is public information, which has been replicated so thoroughly throughout the environment as to be infeasible to conceal. The Internet has caused an explosion of public information, with the beneficial side effect of making it harder for despots to rewrite the history of their misdeeds, and it is tempting to hope that all macroscopic information is permanent, making such cover-ups impossible in principle if not in practice. However, by comparing entropy flows into and out of the Earth with estimates of the planet's storage capacity, we conclude that most macroscopic information-for example the pattern of sand grains on an ancient beach-is impermanent, in the sense of becoming irrecoverable in principle from the Earth though still recorded in the Universe.

  7. NATURE REVIEWS | CLINICAL ONCOLOGY ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology advance online publication 7 August 2012; doi:10.1038/nrclinonc.2012.144

    E-print Network

    in human cells. This hypothesis was founded on the knowledge that oncogenic viruses alter their host advance online publication 7 August 2012; doi:10.1038/nrclinonc.2012.144 RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS GENETICS genetic and proteomic networks in much the same way that genetic variations perturb cellular processes

  8. Online Recognition of Unconstrained Handwritten Japanese Text Using Statistical Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katsumi Marukawa; Takeshi Nagasaki; Kazuyoshi Kikuta

    We developed an online recognition system to read unconstrained handwritten Japanese texts using statistical information. The substantial problems of reading handwritten Japanese text are how to correctly segment freely written characters and how to correct errors of character classification. Our method searches for the best interpretation by integrating the likelihoods of character segmentation, character classification and language processing. For the

  9. Online Cultural Heritage Exhibitions: A Survey of Information Retrieval Features

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liew, Chern Li

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: What kinds of online cultural heritage exhibitions are now available on the internet? How far have these cultural heritage institutions voyaged in terms of harnessing the power of information and communication technology and the interactivity of multimedia systems to exhibit cultural heritage resources? This study aims to highlight the…

  10. Comparing Clinician Knowledge and Online Information Regarding Alli (Orlistat)

    PubMed Central

    Nelson, Stuart; Hwang, Kevin O.; Bernstam, Elmer V.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Many consumers join online communities focused on health. Online forums are a popular medium for the exchange of health information between consumers, so it is important to determine the accuracy and completeness of information posted to online forums. Objective: We compare the accuracy and completeness of information regarding the FDA-approved over-the counter weight-loss drug Alli (Orlistat) from forums and from clinicians. Methods: We identified Alli-related questions posted on online forums and then posed the questions to 11 primary care providers. We then compared the clinicians' answers to the answers given on the forums. A panel of blinded experts evaluated the accuracy and completeness of the answers on a scale of 0 - 4. Another panel of blinded experts categorized questions as being best answered based on clinical experience versus review of the literature. Results: The accuracy and completeness of responses was slightly better than forum responses, but there was no significant difference (2.3 vs 2.1, p = 0.5). Only one forum answer contained information that could potentially cause harm if the advice was followed. Conclusions: Forum answers were comparable to clinicians' answers with respect to accuracy and completeness, but answers from both sources were unsatisfactory. PMID:19716762

  11. The Internationality of Information Banks--Online Bibliographic Databases.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veith, Richard H.

    The international character of online bibliographic databases is assessed by addressing three major aspects: literature production, article selection, and database use, as well as a number of side issues such as distribution and language. Requests for information were sent to producers and suppliers, most of whom responded, with no attempt being…

  12. Uses of Contextual Information to Support Online Tasks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tom Heath; Enrico Motta; Martin Dzbor

    In this paper we make a case for the role of user context information in supporting task performance online, examine previous attempts at representing and making use of user context factors, and highlight the limitations of existing tools and services. We then suggest how the emergent Semantic Web might be able to better facilitate the capture of knowledge regarding user

  13. Online banking information: what we want and what we get

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathryn Waite; Tina Harrison

    2004-01-01

    This paper reports on young adults’ expectations and perceptions of online retail banking information. A combination of qualitative and quantitative research was used. Focus groups proved valuable in eliciting criteria grounded in the experience of users of bank Web sites. The subsequent questionnaire survey allowed the measurement of gaps between perceptions and expectations. The results indicate that respondents expect bank

  14. Epistemic Metacognition in Context: Evaluating and Learning Online Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Lucia; Boldrin, Angela; Ariasi, Nicola

    2010-01-01

    This study examined epistemic metacognition as a reflective activity about knowledge and knowing in the context of online information searching on the Web, and whether it was related to prior knowledge on the topic, study approach, and domain-specific beliefs about science. In addition, we investigated whether Internet-based learning was…

  15. Collaborating Online To Teach Information and Multimedia Literacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Ted; Luck, DeAnne; Buchanan, Lori

    A graduate communications course in multimedia literacy uses a completely online environment to assemble faculty and curriculum resources normally unavailable in traditional classrooms. Guided by a teacher/coordinator, a librarian teaches information literacy by examining Internet copyright and fair use issues, ethics, and the evaluation of…

  16. Lessons Learned About Public Health from Online Crowd Surveillance

    PubMed Central

    Merchant, Raina; Ungar, Lyle

    2013-01-01

    Abstract The Internet has forever changed the way people access information and make decisions about their healthcare needs. Patients now share information about their health at unprecedented rates on social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook and on medical discussion boards. In addition to explicitly shared information about health conditions through posts, patients reveal data on their inner fears and desires about health when searching for health-related keywords on search engines. Data are also generated by the use of mobile phone applications that track users' health behaviors (e.g., eating and exercise habits) as well as give medical advice. The data generated through these applications are mined and repackaged by surveillance systems developed by academics, companies, and governments alike to provide insight to patients and healthcare providers for medical decisions. Until recently, most Internet research in public health has been surveillance focused or monitoring health behaviors. Only recently have researchers used and interacted with the crowd to ask questions and collect health-related data. In the future, we expect to move from this surveillance focus to the “ideal” of Internet-based patient-level interventions where healthcare providers help patients change their health behaviors. In this article, we highlight the results of our prior research on crowd surveillance and make suggestions for the future. PMID:25045598

  17. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT PUBLIC HEALTH FROM ONLINE CROWD SURVEILLANCE.

    PubMed

    Hill, Shawndra; Merchant, Raina; Ungar, Lyle

    2013-09-10

    The Internet has forever changed the way people access information and make decisions about their healthcare needs. Patients now share information about their health at unprecedented rates on social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook and on medical discussion boards. In addition to explicitly shared information about health conditions through posts, patients reveal data on their inner fears and desires about health when searching for health-related keywords on search engines. Data are also generated by the use of mobile phone applications that track users' health behaviors (e.g., eating and exercise habits) as well as give medical advice. The data generated through these applications are mined and repackaged by surveillance systems developed by academics, companies, and governments alike to provide insight to patients and healthcare providers for medical decisions. Until recently, most Internet research in public health has been surveillance focused or monitoring health behaviors. Only recently have researchers used and interacted with the crowd to ask questions and collect health-related data. In the future, we expect to move from this surveillance focus to the "ideal" of Internet-based patient-level interventions where healthcare providers help patients change their health behaviors. In this article, we highlight the results of our prior research on crowd surveillance and make suggestions for the future. PMID:25045598

  18. Public information, dissemination, and behavior analysis

    PubMed Central

    Morris, Edward K.

    1985-01-01

    Behavior analysts have become increasingly concerned about inaccuracies and misconceptions in the public, educational, and professional information portraying their activities, but have done little to correct these views. The present paper has two purposes in this regard. First, the paper describes some of the conditions that have given rise to these concerns. Second, and more important, the paper surveys various procedures and programs for the dissemination of public information that may correct inaccuracies and misconceptions. Special consideration is also given to issues involving (a) the assessment of the problem, (b) the content and means of dissemination, (c) the possible contributions of behavior analysts to current misunderstandings, and (d) relationships between behavior analysts and the media. The dissemination of accurate and unbiased information constitutes an important new undertaking for behavior analysis. The future of the field may depend in part on such activity. PMID:22478623

  19. FEDIX on-line information service: Design, develop, test, and implement, an on-line research and education information service

    SciTech Connect

    Rodman, J.A.

    1992-01-01

    The FEDIX Annual Status Report provides details regarding an on-line information project designed, developed and implemented by Federal Information Exchange, Inc., a diversified information services company. This document details the project design activities, summarizes the developmental phases of the project and describes the implementation activities generated to fulfill the project's objectives. The information contained in this document illustrates FIE's continuing commitment to serve as the link that facilitates the dissemination of federal information to the education community. This report reviews the project accomplishments and describes intended service enhancements.

  20. CLSI On-Line Public Catalog Touch Terminal Manual: Training Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Univ., Chico.

    This training manual developed by the Public Access Subcommittee of the Reference Department of Meriam Library (California State University, Chico) provides instructions for using the library's online public catalog by means of a touch terminal which accepts commands in the form of a touch on a particular part of the terminal screen. Author and…

  1. Viral spreading of daily information in online social networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kawamoto, Tatsuro; Hatano, Naomichi

    2014-07-01

    We explain a possible mechanism of an information spreading on a network which spreads extremely far from a seed node, namely the viral spreading. On the basis of a model of the information spreading in an online social network, in which the dynamics is expressed as a random multiplicative process of the spreading rates, we will show that the correlation between the spreading rates enhances the chance of the viral spreading, shifting the tipping point at which the spreading goes viral.

  2. JavaScript tools for online information retrieval

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ruwan Gamage; Hui Dong

    2006-01-01

    JavaScript has a comparatively long history as an online information retrieval tool. During the last decade SilverPlatter's popular WebSPIRS 4.0 started using JavaScript for its search functions. International Children's Digital Library is a current system that applies JavaScript for category based information retrieval. However, JavaScript capabilities for quick browsing and searching small collections is under utilized in light of advanced

  3. Interventions to Assist Health Consumers to Find Reliable Online Health Information: A Comprehensive Review

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Kenneth; Hoti, Kreshnik; Hughes, Jeffery D.; Emmerton, Lynne M.

    2014-01-01

    Background Health information on the Internet is ubiquitous, and its use by health consumers prevalent. Finding and understanding relevant online health information, and determining content reliability, pose real challenges for many health consumers. Purpose To identify the types of interventions that have been implemented to assist health consumers to find reliable online health information, and where possible, describe and compare the types of outcomes studied. Data Sources PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus and Cochrane Library databases; WorldCat and Scirus ‘gray literature’ search engines; and manual review of reference lists of selected publications. Study Selection Publications were selected by firstly screening title, abstract, and then full text. Data Extraction Seven publications met the inclusion criteria, and were summarized in a data extraction form. The form incorporated the PICOS (Population Intervention Comparators Outcomes and Study Design) Model. Two eligible gray literature papers were also reported. Data Synthesis Relevant data from included studies were tabulated to enable descriptive comparison. A brief critique of each study was included in the tables. This review was unable to follow systematic review methods due to the paucity of research and humanistic interventions reported. Limitations While extensive, the gray literature search may have had limited reach in some countries. The paucity of research on this topic limits conclusions that may be drawn. Conclusions The few eligible studies predominantly adopted a didactic approach to assisting health consumers, whereby consumers were either taught how to find credible websites, or how to use the Internet. Common types of outcomes studied include knowledge and skills pertaining to Internet use and searching for reliable health information. These outcomes were predominantly self-assessed by participants. There is potential for further research to explore other avenues for assisting health consumers to find reliable online health information, and to assess outcomes via objective measures. PMID:24710348

  4. Compendium of On-Line Soil Survey Information

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rossiter, D.G. (David G.)

    D.G. Rossiter from the International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation has compiled the Compendium of On-Line Soil Survey Information. The Soil Survey Institutes & Activities page contains information about and links to soil survey institutes from around the world and the digital soil geographic databases they offer. Example institutes include Scotland's Macaulay Land Use Research Institute, Belgium's Research Team Laboratory for Soil and Water, Romania's Research Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry, the Natural Resources Conservation Service, and many more. Anyone conducting similar research or interested in worldwide soil information will surely appreciate this simple but helpful resource.

  5. Interactive energy atlas for Colorado and New Mexico: an online resource for decisionmakers and the public

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Carr, N.B.; Babel, N.; Diffendorfer, J.; Ignizio, D.; Hawkins, S.; Latysh, N.; Leib, K.; Linard, J.; Matherne, A.

    2012-01-01

    Throughout the western United States, increased demand for energy is driving the rapid development of oil, gas (including shale gas and coal-bed methane), and uranium, as well as renewable energy resources such as geothermal, solar, and wind. Much of the development in the West is occurring on public lands, including those under Federal and State jurisdictions. In Colorado and New Mexico, these public lands make up about 40 percent of the land area. Both states benefit from the revenue generated by energy production, but resource managers and other decisionmakers must balance the benefits of energy development with the potential consequences for ecosystems, recreation, and other resources. Although a substantial amount of geospatial data on existing energy development and energy potential is available, much of this information is not readily accessible to natural resource decisionmakers, policymakers, or the public. Furthermore, the data often exist in varied formats, requiring considerable processing before these datasets can be used to evaluate tradeoffs among resources, compare development alternatives, or quantify cumulative impacts. To allow for a comprehensive evaluation among different energy types, an interdisciplinary team of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists has developed an online Interactive Energy Atlas for Colorado and New Mexico. The Energy and Environment in the Rocky Mountain Area (EERMA) interdisciplinary team includes investigators from several USGS science centers1. The purpose of the EERMA Interactive Energy Atlas is to facilitate access to geospatial data related to energy resources, energy infrastructure, and natural resources that may be affected by energy development. The Atlas is designed to meet the needs of various users, including GIS analysts, resource managers, policymakers, and the public, who seek information about energy in the western United States. Currently, the Atlas has two primary capabilities, a GIS data viewer and an interactive map gallery.

  6. [The stakes of online gambling in Canada: a public health analysis].

    PubMed

    Papineau, Elisabeth; Leblond, Jean

    2011-01-01

    Available data show that online gamblers spend more money and dedicate more time to playing compared to gamblers who do not play online, and are more likely to experience gambling problems. Among online players, young people and poker players show higher rates of gambling problems. These observations can be explained in part by such dangerous aspects of online gambling (and also electronic gaming machines) as: immediate and convenient accessibility; ability to pay electronically and to play on credit; anonymity; and the possibility for players to consume alcohol or other drugs while playing. These are elements that could facilitate the development or the intensification of problem gambling. This being said, the public discourse about the inevitability of legalized online gambling is quite unanimous and built upon such arguments as: the imperative duty of the state to protect the population against the dangers of the online gambling black market; and the fact that the medium in itself provides excellent consumer safeguards. A growing number of legislators are following the trend and choosing to establish state control over online gambling. We present some epidemiological and analytical data that challenge some of these assertions and decisions. We recommend a better integration of public health arguments into the commercialization and marketing of online gambling. PMID:22164549

  7. Specialty food safety concerns and multilingual resource needs: an online survey of public health inspectors.

    PubMed

    Pham, Mai T; Jones, Andria Q; Sargeant, Jan M; Marshall, Barbara J; Dewey, Catherine E

    2010-12-01

    The province of Ontario, Canada, has a highly diverse and multicultural population. Specialty foods (i.e., foods from different cultures) are becoming increasingly available at retail food outlets and foods service establishments across the province; as a result, public health inspectors (PHIs) are increasingly required to assess the safety of foods with which they may be unfamiliar. The aim of this study was to investigate the concerns, perceptions, and self-identified needs of PHIs in Ontario with regard to specialty foods and food safety information resources in languages other than English. A cross-sectional online survey of 239 PHIs was conducted between April and June 2009. The study found that while some food safety information resources were available in languages other than English, fewer than 25% of respondents (56/239) were satisfied with the current availability of these resources. With regard to specialty foods, 60% of respondents (143/239) reported at least one specialty food with which they were not confident about their current food safety knowledge, and 64% of respondents (153/239) reported at least one specialty food with which they were dissatisfied with the current availability of food safety information. Therefore, the development of additional food safety information resources for specialty foods, and food safety resources in additional languages may provide enhanced support to PHIs involved in protecting and promoting a safe food supply. PMID:20704506

  8. JOIS-III JICST's new online information retrieval system (1)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hamanaka, Hisashi; Hosoyama, Miki; Shimizu, Hideaki; Okura, Katsumi; Motoyama, Noriyuki

    We give an outline of JOIS (JICST On-line Information System) - III, which has been developed as a succession to JOIS-II now being on service by The Japan Information Center of Science and Technology to start servicing in January 1990. JOIS-III is an on-line information retrieval system intended to be a totally up-graded JOIS-II with functional expansion, well-provided data base and high-speed processing of large quantity of data. We also refer to structures of files to be retrieved such as bit-map file, which has been introduced to cope with large-sized data base, and group structure. (2nd part Vol. 32. No.4, 3rd part Vol. 32. No.5)

  9. Design Scenarios for Web-Based Management of Online Information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hepting, Daryl H.; Maciag, Timothy

    The Internet enables access to more information, from a greater variety of perspectives and with greater immediacy, than ever before. A person may be interested in information to become more informed or to coordinate his or her local activities and place them into a larger, more global context. The challenge, as has been noted by many, is to sift through all the information to find what is relevant without becoming overwhelmed. Furthermore, the selected information must be put into an actionable form. The diversity of the Web has important consequences for the variety of ideas that are now available. While people once relied on newspaper editors to shape their view of the world, today's technology creates room for a more democratic approach. Today it is easy to pull news feeds from a variety of sources and aggregate them. It is less easy to push that information to a variety of channels. At a higher level, we might have the goal of collecting all the available information about a certain topic, on a daily basis. There are many new technologies available under the umbrella of Web 2.0, but it can be difficult to use them together for the management of online information. Web-based support for online communication management is the most appropriate choice to address the deficiencies apparent with current technologies. We consider the requirements and potential designs for such information management support, by following an example related to local food.

  10. 14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information. 221.100 Section 221.100 ...AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection §...

  11. 14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information. 221.100 Section 221.100 ...AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection §...

  12. 14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information. 221.100 Section 221.100 ...AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection §...

  13. 14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information. 221.100 Section 221.100 ...AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection §...

  14. 14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information. 221.100 Section 221.100 ...AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection §...

  15. Social foraging with partial (public) information.

    PubMed

    Mann, Ofri; Kiflawi, Moshe

    2014-10-21

    Group foragers can utilize public information to better estimate patch quality and arrive at more efficient patch-departure rules. However, acquiring such information may come at a cost; e.g. reduced search efficiency. We present a Bayesian group-foraging model in which social foragers do not require full awareness of their companions' foraging success; only of their number. In our model, patch departure is based on direct estimates of the number of remaining items. This is achieved by considering all likely combinations of initial patch-quality and group foraging-success; given the individual forager's experience within the patch. Slower rates of information-acquisition by our 'partially-aware' foragers lead them to over-utilize poor patches; more than fully-aware foragers. However, our model suggests that the ensuing loss in long-term intake-rates can be matched by a relatively low cost to the acquisition of full public information. In other words, we suggest that group-size offers sufficient information for optimal patch utilization by social foragers. We suggest, also, that our model is applicable to other situations where resources undergo 'background depletion', which is coincident but independent of the consumer's own utilization. PMID:24911779

  16. Design of an online health-promoting community: negotiating user community needs with public health goals and service capabilities

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background An online health-promoting community (OHPC) has the potential to promote health and advance new means of dialogue between public health representatives and the general public. The aim of this study was to examine what aspects of an OHPC that are critical for satisfying the needs of the user community and public health goals and service capabilities. Methods Community-based participatory research methods were used for data collection and analysis, and participatory design principles to develop a case study OHPC for adolescents. Qualitative data from adolescents on health appraisals and perspectives on health information were collected in a Swedish health service region and classified into categories of user health information exchange needs. A composite design rationale for the OHPC was completed by linking the identified user needs, user-derived requirements, and technical and organizational systems solutions. Conflicts between end-user requirements and organizational goals and resources were identified. Results The most prominent health information needs were associated to food, exercise, and well-being. The assessment of the design rationale document and prototype in light of the regional public health goals and service capabilities showed that compromises were needed to resolve conflicts involving the management of organizational resources and responsibilities. The users wanted to discuss health issues with health experts having little time to set aside to the OHPC and it was unclear who should set the norms for the online discussions. Conclusions OHPCs can be designed to satisfy both the needs of user communities and public health goals and service capabilities. Compromises are needed to resolve conflicts between users’ needs to discuss health issues with domain experts and the management of resources and responsibilities in public health organizations. PMID:23826944

  17. Teaching an online information literacy course

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kate Manuel

    2001-01-01

    Academic librarians have been creating Web-based tutorials in support of their institutions’ distance education course and remote students for some time. For-credit, distance education, information literacy classes for undergraduate students, however, have not yet begun to appear in significant numbers. In creating such a course, LIBY 3200, California State University, Hayward, sought to meet the needs of its students better

  18. Online Deafness and Deaf Culture Information Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, John Michael

    1999-01-01

    Describes the library collection at Gallaudet University and discusses deaf-related information available via the World Wide Web which is particularly suited as a communication medium for the deaf community. Discusses subject specific, special purpose, and comprehensive Web sites for deaf people, their families, and involved professionals, and…

  19. 30 CFR 702.13 - Public availability of information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...false Public availability of information. 702.13 Section 702...GENERAL EXEMPTION FOR COAL EXTRACTION INCIDENTAL TO THE EXTRACTION OF OTHER MINERALS § 702.13 Public availability of information. (a) Except as...

  20. Opportunities for Undergraduate Publication Announcing a new online and print journal: Papers and Pub(lication)s: A Southeastern Interdisciplinary Journal

    E-print Network

    Long, Nicholas

    Opportunities for Undergraduate Publication Announcing a new online and print journal: Papers reviewed online and print journal of undergraduate research, will be launched late Spring 2012. Papers and Pub(lication)s: A Southeastern Interdisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Research. The submission

  1. Videolyzer: quality analysis of online informational video for bloggers and journalists

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas Diakopoulos; Sergio Goldenberg; Irfan A. Essa

    2009-01-01

    Tools to aid people in making sense of the information quality of online informational video are essential for media consumers seeking to be well informed. Our application, Videolyzer, addresses the information quality problem in video by allowing politically motivated bloggers or journalists to analyze, collect, and share criticisms of the information quality of online political videos. Our interface innovates by

  2. Experience, Adoption, and Technology: Exploring the Phenomenological Experiences of Faculty Involved in Online Teaching at One School of Public Health 

    E-print Network

    Kidd, Terry T.

    2012-07-16

    This phenomenological study explored the experiences of public health faculty, who developed and taught online courses, at one particular school of public health from 2006 to 2009. The goal was to explore and document the ...

  3. This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army.mil/doctrine/index.html).

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    #12;This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army Army Doctrine Reference Publication No. 3-05 Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC, 31 ........................................................................... 1-10 Army Special Operations Forces Characteristics ............................................ 1

  4. Experience, Adoption, and Technology: Exploring the Phenomenological Experiences of Faculty Involved in Online Teaching at One School of Public Health

    E-print Network

    Kidd, Terry T.

    2012-07-16

    This phenomenological study explored the experiences of public health faculty, who developed and taught online courses, at one particular school of public health from 2006 to 2009. The goal was to explore and document the experiences of faculty...

  5. Public Participation Geographic Information Systems: A Literature Review and Framework

    E-print Network

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Public Participation Geographic Information Systems: A Literature Review and Framework Renee Sieber Department of Geography, McGill University Public participation geographic information systems (PPGIS) pertains to the use of geographic information sys- tems (GIS) to broaden public involvement in policymaking

  6. Is Twitter a Public Sphere for Online Conflicts? A Cross-Ideological and Cross-Hierarchical Look

    E-print Network

    Liu, Zhe

    2014-01-01

    The rise in popularity of Twitter has led to a debate on its impact on public opinions. The optimists foresee an increase in online participation and democratization due to social media's personal and interactive nature. Cyber-pessimists, on the other hand, explain how social media can lead to selective exposure and can be used as a disguise for those in power to disseminate biased information. To investigate this debate empirically, we evaluate Twitter as a public sphere using four metrics: equality, diversity, reciprocity and quality. Using these measurements, we analyze the communication patterns between individuals of different hierarchical levels and ideologies. We do this within the context of three diverse conflicts: Israel-Palestine, US Democrats-Republicans, and FC Barcelona-Real Madrid. In all cases, we collect data around a central pair of Twitter accounts representing the two main parties. Our results show in a quantitative manner that Twitter is not an ideal public sphere for democratic conversat...

  7. Epistemic metacognition in context: evaluating and learning online information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lucia Mason; Angela Boldrin; Nicola Ariasi

    2010-01-01

    This study examined epistemic metacognition as a reflective activity about knowledge and knowing in the context of online\\u000a information searching on the Web, and whether it was related to prior knowledge on the topic, study approach, and domain-specific\\u000a beliefs about science. In addition, we investigated whether Internet-based learning was influenced by epistemic metacognition\\u000a and the individual differences examined. Seventy 8th

  8. Online resources in pediatric surgery: the new era of medical information.

    PubMed

    Raigani, Siavash; Numanoglu, Alp; Schwachter, Marc; Ponsky, Todd A

    2014-08-01

    Tele-education has the potential to facilitate rapid sharing and dissemination of current research and knowledge among pediatric surgeons around the world. Classically, the exchange of surgical research occurred via national surgical conferences, articles published in peer-reviewed journals, and textbooks. The advent of Web 2.0 and the rapid pace of technologic advancement have allowed knowledge, education, and research to be exchanged online. Virtual symposiums act as online conferences where participants present and debate new research and surgical techniques in real-time web meetings. Resource libraries allow up-to-date information to be archived and viewed at the user's convenience, bypassing the need to wait long periods for paper publications. Tele-education allows pediatric surgeons to connect and share ideas around the world, while saving time and money. PMID:25111279

  9. Design principles in the development of (public) health information infrastructures.

    PubMed

    Neame, Roderick

    2012-01-01

    In this article the author outlines the key issues in the development of a regional health information infrastructure suitable for public health data collections. A set of 10 basic design and development principles as used and validated in the development of the successful New Zealand National Health Information Infrastructure in 1993 are put forward as a basis for future developments. The article emphasises the importance of securing clinical input into any health data that is collected, and suggests strategies whereby this may be achieved, including creating an information economy alongside the care economy. It is suggested that the role of government in such developments is to demonstrate leadership, to work with the sector to develop data, messaging and security standards, to establish key online indexes, to develop data warehouses and to create financial incentives for adoption of the infrastructure and the services it delivers to users. However experience suggests that government should refrain from getting involved in local care services data infrastructure, technology and management issues. PMID:23569626

  10. Health Literacy and Willingness to Use Online Health Information by Teens with Asthma and Diabetes

    PubMed Central

    Hardin, Dana S.; McCoy, Karen S.; Johnson, Lauren D.; McAlearney, Ann Scheck; Gardner, William

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Objective: This study measured health literacy in a population of teens in treatment for asthma or diabetes and tested the association between health literacy and willingness to use online health resources. Materials and Methods: About 180 patients aged 13–18 years treated for asthma or diabetes in specialty care clinics completed assessments of demographic characteristics, health literacy, and Internet access and use. Teens were provided a resource page listing selected publically available health-related Web sites and asked about perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, and intent to use the listed Web sites. The relationship between demographic characteristics, health literacy, and online health information use was tested using chi-squared or Fisher's exact test. Predictors of intent to use resource page Web sites were assessed using bivariate and multivariate ordinal logistic regression. Results: About 92% of participants had adequate health literacy. Over 50% of participants had previously searched online for health information. Older age was the only significant predictor of health information search. Most teens (79%) reported intent to use at least one Web site from the resource page at least occasionally within the next 3 months. Higher health literacy (odds ratio [OR]=6.24, p<0.01) and stronger perceived usefulness (OR=1.74, p=0.01) were associated with greater intent for regular use, after controlling for demographic and Internet access variables. Conclusions: Teens with lower health literacy searched online for health information as often as peers with higher literacy, but were less likely to express the intent to use recommended sites. Belief in the usefulness of a Web site is the strongest attitudinal predictor of intended future use. PMID:21943161

  11. Applying Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior to a Study of Online Course Adoption in Public Relations Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knabe, Ann Peru

    2012-01-01

    This study used Icek Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior to research public relations faculty intentions of teaching online. All of the main predictor variables (Subjective Norms, Attitude toward the Act and Perceived Behavioral Control) were statistically significant at varying degrees in predicting intent to teach public relations online. Of the…

  12. The Reflective Online Searching Skills (ROSS) Environment: embedding information literacy into student learning through an online environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helen Partridge; Sylvia Edwards; Andrew Baker; Lynn McAllister

    2008-01-01

    The Reflective Online Searching Skills (ROSS) Environment is an e-learning tool that fosters the development of student skill and knowledge in online searching. It was developed with the support of Faculty of Information Technology and the Teaching and Learning Support Services at the Queensland University of Technology (QUT). In 2007 ROSS is being developed for use within the first year

  13. An Exploration of Search Patterns and Credibility Issues among Older Adults Seeking Online Health Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson-Lang, Laura; Major, Sonya; Hemming, Heather

    2011-01-01

    The Internet is an important resource for health information, among younger and older people alike. Unfortunately, there are limitations associated with online health information. Research is needed on the quality of information found online and on whether users are being critical consumers of the information they find. Also, there is a need for…

  14. 14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.104 Public information coordination...from a decision to proceed or not proceed with the issuance of a news release or other type of public information will be...

  15. 14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.104 Public information coordination...from a decision to proceed or not proceed with the issuance of a news release or other type of public information will be...

  16. 14 CFR 1213.104 - Public information coordination and concurrence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.104 Public information coordination...from a decision to proceed or not proceed with the issuance of a news release or other type of public information will be...

  17. Online catalog access and distribution of remotely sensed information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lutton, Stephen M.

    1997-09-01

    Remote sensing is providing voluminous data and value added information products. Electronic sensors, communication electronics, computer software, hardware, and network communications technology have matured to the point where a distributed infrastructure for remotely sensed information is a reality. The amount of remotely sensed data and information is making distributed infrastructure almost a necessity. This infrastructure provides data collection, archiving, cataloging, browsing, processing, and viewing for applications from scientific research to economic, legal, and national security decision making. The remote sensing field is entering a new exciting stage of commercial growth and expansion into the mainstream of government and business decision making. This paper overviews this new distributed infrastructure and then focuses on describing a software system for on-line catalog access and distribution of remotely sensed information.

  18. Understanding Public Perceptions of the HPV Vaccination Based on Online Comments to Canadian News Articles

    PubMed Central

    Feinberg, Yael; Pereira, Jennifer A.; Quach, Susan; Kwong, Jeffrey C.; Crowcroft, Natasha S.; Wilson, Sarah E.; Guay, Maryse; Lei, Yang; Deeks, Shelley L.

    2015-01-01

    Background Given the variation in human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine coverage across Canada, and debate regarding delivery of HPV vaccines in Catholic schools, we studied online comments on Canadian news websites to understand public perceptions of HPV and HPV vaccine. Methods We searched English- and French-language Canadian news websites for 2012 articles that contained the terms “HPV” or “human papillomavirus.” Articles about HPV vaccinations that contained at least one comment were included. Two researchers independently coded comments, analyzing them for emerging themes. Results We identified 3073 comments from 1198 individuals in response to 71 news articles; 630 (52.6%) individuals expressed positive sentiments about HPV vaccination (2.5 comments/individual), 404 (33.7%) were negative (3.0 comments/individual), 34 (2.8%) were mixed (1.5 comments/individual) and 130 (10.8%) were neutral (1.6 comments/individual). Vaccine-supportive commenters believed the vaccine is safe and effective. Common themes in negative comments included concerns regarding HPV vaccine safety and efficacy, distrust of pharmaceutical companies and government, and belief that school-age children are too young for HPV vaccine. Many comments focused on whether the Catholic Church has the right to inform health policy for students, and discussion often evolved into debates regarding HPV and sexual behaviour. We noted that many individuals doubted the credibility of vaccine safety information. Conclusion The majority of commenters do not appear to be against HPV vaccination, but public health messaging that focuses on both the vaccine’s safety profile, and its use as a means to prevent cancer rather than sexually transmitted HPV infection may facilitate its acceptance. PMID:26053866

  19. This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (www.us.army.mil) and

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    #12;This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (www.us.army.mil) and General Dennis J. Reimer Training and Doctrine Digital Library at (www.train.army.mil). #12;FMI 6-02.45, C1 Change 1 HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Washington, DC, 7 May 2008 Signal Support to Theater

  20. Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences Online publication of seminars: permission form

    E-print Network

    Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences Online publication of seminars: permission form Programme: Speaker Name: Home Institution: Date: Time: Title: Declaration I give permission for the Isaac Newton Institute and the University of Cambridge (Please delete if/as appropriate) a) to record my

  1. 2014NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. nature biotechnology advance online publication

    E-print Network

    Aizenberg, Joanna

    ©2014NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. nature biotechnology advance online publication A rt i c to co-administer soluble anticoagulant drugs, such as heparin, dur- ing many of these procedures7. In fact, most drug-related deaths from adverse clinical events in the United States are due

  2. Web-Based Online Public Access Catalogues of IIT Libraries in India: An Evaluative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madhusudhan, Margam; Aggarwal, Shalini

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to examine the various features and components of web-based online public access catalogues (OPACs) of IIT libraries in India with the help of a specially designed evaluation checklist. Design/methodology/approach: The various features of the web-based OPACs in six IIT libraries (IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT…

  3. The utilization of Arabic online drug information among adults in Saudi Arabia.

    PubMed

    Abanmy, Norah O; Al-Quait, Nouf A; Alami, Amani H; Al-Juhani, Meshaal H; Al-Aqeel, Sinaa

    2012-10-01

    In Saudi Arabia, the utilization of the world wide web has become increasingly popular. However, the exact figure of such use is unknown. This study aimed to determine the percentage of, and experience with, online Arabic drug information by Arabic-speaking adults in Saudi Arabia. A web based questionnaire was used. The questionnaire language was Arabic. Public were invited to participate in the survey through e-mails, Twitter, WhatsApp and Facebook in March 2012. The survey included 17 items examining the types of accessed Arabic drug information, the respondent's demographics, their ability to easily find and understand Arabic drug-related information, and their trustfulness and dependency on such information websites. Of the 422 Arabic speaking adults who answered the questionnaire, 88% stated that they used Arabic websites to answer drug-related questions. Of the respondents, 50% had a bachelor's degree, 44% were young adults, over half were female (60%), and 72% of them have a chronic disease. The ease of retrieving online information was the most common reason (69%) for consulting such websites. Google as a search engine was the most frequently (86%) accessible website. Although respondents reported different drug-related topics in their online searching, the search for adverse effects was the most common (68%). Respondents claimed that they could easily find (65%) and understand (49%) the drug-related information. Although a good number of respondents qualified this type of information as good, double-checking of information on other websites was highly recommended. Trustfulness was one of the important parameters to measure and 205 respondents (55%) claimed that they only trusted half of the information cited. Moreover, around 48% of respondents considered that finding the same information on more than one website increased its trustfulness. Surprisingly, 54% of respondents did not depend on Arabic information websites when making decisions on drug use. There are a high proportion of Arabic speaking people in Saudi Arabia using and consulting Arabic drug information websites. This information is easily found and understood. However, the quality and trustfulness of such websites are not high enough to depend on them. A qualified Arabic drug information website is important to meet this need. PMID:23960806

  4. The utilization of Arabic online drug information among adults in Saudi Arabia

    PubMed Central

    Abanmy, Norah O.; Al-quait, Nouf A.; Alami, Amani H.; Al-Juhani, Meshaal H.; Al-Aqeel, Sinaa

    2012-01-01

    In Saudi Arabia, the utilization of the world wide web has become increasingly popular. However, the exact figure of such use is unknown. This study aimed to determine the percentage of, and experience with, online Arabic drug information by Arabic-speaking adults in Saudi Arabia. A web based questionnaire was used. The questionnaire language was Arabic. Public were invited to participate in the survey through e-mails, Twitter, WhatsApp and Facebook in March 2012. The survey included 17 items examining the types of accessed Arabic drug information, the respondent’s demographics, their ability to easily find and understand Arabic drug-related information, and their trustfulness and dependency on such information websites. Of the 422 Arabic speaking adults who answered the questionnaire, 88% stated that they used Arabic websites to answer drug-related questions. Of the respondents, 50% had a bachelor’s degree, 44% were young adults, over half were female (60%), and 72% of them have a chronic disease. The ease of retrieving online information was the most common reason (69%) for consulting such websites. Google as a search engine was the most frequently (86%) accessible website. Although respondents reported different drug-related topics in their online searching, the search for adverse effects was the most common (68%). Respondents claimed that they could easily find (65%) and understand (49%) the drug-related information. Although a good number of respondents qualified this type of information as good, double-checking of information on other websites was highly recommended. Trustfulness was one of the important parameters to measure and 205 respondents (55%) claimed that they only trusted half of the information cited. Moreover, around 48% of respondents considered that finding the same information on more than one website increased its trustfulness. Surprisingly, 54% of respondents did not depend on Arabic information websites when making decisions on drug use. There are a high proportion of Arabic speaking people in Saudi Arabia using and consulting Arabic drug information websites. This information is easily found and understood. However, the quality and trustfulness of such websites are not high enough to depend on them. A qualified Arabic drug information website is important to meet this need. PMID:23960806

  5. THE PUBLIC OPINION INFORMATION THAT POLITICIANS COLLECT AND USE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JAMES N. DRUCKMAN; LAWRENCE R. JACOBS

    Are the decisions of American policymakers informed by general trends in the public's ideology or by the public's policy-specific preferences? In this article we discuss two explanations for the types of public opinion information that politicians collect and use. Using a unique data set of private polls from the White House of Richard Nixon, we find that when opinion data

  6. Privacy in Online Review Sites

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew Burkholder; Rachel Greenstadt

    2012-01-01

    The increasing use of online review sites is creating new challenges for user privacy. Although reviews are public, many users inadvertently disclose private information about relationship, location, and temporal attributes to the world. This research protects users of online review sites from the inadvertent disclosure of private information in three ways. First, the types of unstructured and structured information made

  7. Public Information and Public Involvement. Progress Report, September 1980-March 1981.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cotter, Marian E.

    This progress report on the Public Information Section of the St. Louis, Missouri public schools covers the period from April to September 1980 and includes a log of events and descriptions of activities related to the implementation of the school desegregation plan. According to this report, the Public Information Section incorporated the…

  8. 78 FR 15680 - Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders: Public Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-12

    ...informing the public that the Animal and Plant Health Inspection...of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection...need to successfully balance science, policy, and public opinion...challenges, our commitment to our animal and plant health mission...

  9. 36 CFR 73.17 - Public information and education activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...17 Public information and education activities. (a) To the extent that time and resources permit, owners of U.S. properties approved for inclusion on the World Heritage List are encouraged to publicize the status of the...

  10. 78 FR 42537 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Online Survey of Web Services Employers; New...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-16

    ...Number 1615-NEW] Agency Information Collection Activities: Online...Web Services Employers; New Information Collection; Comment Request...better meet the goals of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant...need a copy of the proposed information collection instrument...

  11. Virtual plagues and real-world pandemics: reflecting on the potential for online computer role-playing games to inform real world epidemic research.

    PubMed

    Oultram, Stuart

    2013-12-01

    In the wake of the Corrupted Blood incident, which afflicted the massively multiplayer online computer role-playing game World of Warcraft in 2005, it has been suggested that both, the incident itself and massively multiplayer online computer role-playing games in general, can be utilised to inform and assist real-world epidemic and public health research. In this paper, I engage critically with these claims. PMID:23584861

  12. Online Information Services for Secondary School Students: A Current Assessment. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minor, Barbara B.

    This digest begins with a brief discussion of the current status of the relatively recent phenomenon of online searching in schools. The advantages and disadvantages of online access in this context are then outlined, and some suggestions are offered for school library media specialists who wish to initiate online information retrieval for their…

  13. Who do you trust? Information Sharing, Privacy Concerns and Trust in an online Social Network

    E-print Network

    Islam, M. Saif

    Who do you trust? Information Sharing, Privacy Concerns and Trust in an online Social Network using Facebook more than e-mail to communicate. Keywords: Trust, privacy, online privacy, social between Facebook usage, privacy, trust, and online identity we designed and administered a survey

  14. 7 CFR 1206.52 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...Information § 1206.52 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

  15. 7 CFR 1206.52 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...Information § 1206.52 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

  16. 7 CFR 1206.52 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...Information § 1206.52 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

  17. Searching the Visual Arts: An Analysis of Online Information Access.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brady, Darlene; Serban, William

    1981-01-01

    A search for stained glass bibliographic information using DIALINDEX identified 57 DIALOG files from a variety of subject categories and 646 citations as relevant. Files include applied science, biological sciences, chemistry, engineering, environment/pollution, people, business research, and public affairs. Eleven figures illustrate the search…

  18. Produced by Information Services Office, CUHK, June 2011 Also available online at: www.cuhk.edu.hk/iso/en/iso_publications/five_research_areas.html Investment into Five Focused Areas

    E-print Network

    Huang, Jianwei

    , constitutionalism and rights regime, public sphere, political thought, Cultural Revolution studies, the rule of law in scholarly inquiry of world-class standard which has led to findings of regional and global impact's economic, cultural and political arenas, the multi- disciplinary field of Chinese Studies becomes

  19. Library Skills Workbook. Featuring: BISON--Buffalo Information System ONline. 14th Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gex, Jeannie L.

    The workbook is designed to give students the basic information needed to conduct effective library research. It helps familiarize students with the Buffalo Information System ONline (BISON), as well as other sources, in print and online, that can be used to search for information. A worksheet is included for students to mark their answers to the…

  20. Pricing of Information Products on Online Servers: Issues, Models, and Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sanjay Jain; P. K. Kannan

    2002-01-01

    Online information servers that provide access to diverse databases where users can search for, browse through, and download the information they need have been rapidly increasing in number in the past few years. Online vendors have traditionally charged users for information on the based on the length of the time they were connected to the databases. With hardware and software

  1. Information Center Complex publications and presentations, 1971-1980

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. B. Gill; S. W. Hawthorne

    1981-01-01

    This indexed bibliography lists publications and presentations of the Information Center Complex, Information Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, from 1971 through 1980. The 659 entries cover such topics as toxicology, air and water pollution, management and transportation of hazardous wastes, energy resources and conservation, and information science. Publications range in length from 1 page to 3502 pages and include topical

  2. Information Center Complex publications and presentations, 1971-1982

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. W. Hawthorne; A. B. Johnson

    1984-01-01

    This indexed bibliography lists publications and presentations of the staff of the Information Center Complex, Information Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, from 1971 through 1982. Entries cover such topics as toxicology, air and water pollution, management and transportation of hazardous wastes, energy resources and conservation, and information science. Publications range in length from 1 page to nearly 4000 pages and

  3. 78 FR 39957 - Availability of Non-Public Information

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-03

    ...rule on the Availability of Unpublished Information, and parallels those portions of OFHEO's former rule on non-public information...Availability of Unpublished Information at 12 CFR part 911, and parallel those portions of OFHEO's former rule on non-public...

  4. Supplementary Online Information 1. Photographs of Octopus and Mushroom Spring. See Supplementary Figure 1.

    E-print Network

    Supplementary Online Information 1. Photographs of Octopus and Mushroom Spring. See Supplementary the effluent channel of Mushroom Spring and Octopus Spring, as shown in Supplementary Figure 3. Pyrosequencing

  5. A brief introduction on training and public information of building energy codes in the U.S.

    SciTech Connect

    Shui, Bin

    2010-12-01

    This report is associated with the project of Implementation of Building Energy Codes in China (55793). The report aims to give Chinese audience a brief introduction on training and public information activities of building energy codes in the U.S. The report contains four sections: Section One is about the development history and implementation of building energy codes in the U.S. Section Two is about the organizations of training and public information activities, mainly focused on ASHRAE, ICC, federal and state government. Policy implication, which is Section Three, addresses the role of federal government and on-line training and public information activities in promoting training and public information (the current China training system lacks strong support of central government and on-line training activities). Conclusions are made in Section Four. This report will be uploaded to an upcoming Chinese website which is devoted to provide first-time free on-line training and public information of building energy codes in China.

  6. Open Research Online The Open University's repository of research publications

    E-print Network

    Blandford, Ann

    learning through games? Abstract It has been suggested that digital games can be powerful learning outputs What do players have to say about informal learning through games? Conference Item How to cite informal learning through games? In: EARLI Conference 2011: Education for a Global Networked Society, 30

  7. 75 FR 29570 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment Public Housing Agency Plan Revisions...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-26

    ...HUD-50077-CR, HUD-50077-SL, HUD-50070. Members of the Affected Public: Local, Regional and State Body Corporate Politic Public Housing Agencies (PHAs) Governments. Estimation of the total number of hours needed to prepare the information...

  8. e-MIR2: a public online inventory of medical informatics resources

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Over the past years, the number of available informatics resources in medicine has grown exponentially. While specific inventories of such resources have already begun to be developed for Bioinformatics (BI), comparable inventories are as yet not available for the Medical Informatics (MI) field, so that locating and accessing them currently remains a difficult and time-consuming task. Description We have created a repository of MI resources from the scientific literature, providing free access to its contents through a web-based service. We define informatics resources as all those elements that constitute, serve to define or are used by informatics systems, ranging from architectures or development methodologies to terminologies, vocabularies, databases or tools. Relevant information describing the resources is automatically extracted from manuscripts published in top-ranked MI journals. We used a pattern matching approach to detect the resources’ names and their main features. Detected resources are classified according to three different criteria: functionality, resource type and domain. To facilitate these tasks, we have built three different classification schemas by following a novel approach based on folksonomies and social tagging. We adopted the terminology most frequently used by MI researchers in their publications to create the concepts and hierarchical relationships belonging to the classification schemas. The classification algorithm identifies the categories associated with resources and annotates them accordingly. The database is then populated with this data after manual curation and validation. Conclusions We have created an online repository of MI resources to assist researchers in locating and accessing the most suitable resources to perform specific tasks. The database contains 609 resources at the time of writing and is available at http://www.gib.fi.upm.es/eMIR2. We are continuing to expand the number of available resources by taking into account further publications as well as suggestions from users and resource developers. PMID:22857741

  9. Improving Access to Public Health Information: A Study of Information Needs in a State Health Department

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Hatheway Simpson; Nancy R. LaPelle; Elaine Russo Martin

    2006-01-01

    Background: Public health challenges can be better addressed if credible information about health risks and effective public health practices is readily available. The need for improved access to evidence-based public health information has been recognized by public health practitioners, researchers, policy makers, and librarians.\\u000aObjective: To understand the information needs of the public health workforce and to improve access to

  10. 49 CFR 220.23 - Publication of radio information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD COMMUNICATIONS Radio and Wireless Communication Procedures § 220.23 Publication of radio information. Each railroad shall designate where radio base...

  11. 49 CFR 220.23 - Publication of radio information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD COMMUNICATIONS Radio and Wireless Communication Procedures § 220.23 Publication of radio information. Each railroad shall designate where radio base...

  12. 49 CFR 220.23 - Publication of radio information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD COMMUNICATIONS Radio and Wireless Communication Procedures § 220.23 Publication of radio information. Each railroad shall designate where radio base...

  13. 49 CFR 220.23 - Publication of radio information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD COMMUNICATIONS Radio and Wireless Communication Procedures § 220.23 Publication of radio information. Each railroad shall designate where radio base...

  14. Exploring the online satisfaction gap of medical doctors: an expectation-confirmation investigation of information needs.

    PubMed

    Kourouthanassis, Panos E; Mikalef, Patrick; Ioannidou, Margarita; Pateli, Adamantia

    2015-01-01

    This research explores the satisfaction gap between the expectations of medical doctors when using the Internet to search for health-related information, and the confirmations they receive following the use of specific information sources to meet their information needs. We executed a quantitative study on 303 medical doctors to capture their online information-seeking behavior. Results suggest that authoritative online information sources are strongly related with the derived satisfaction of medical doctors' online information needs, whilst expectation fulfillment is not related with usage of non-authoritative sources. Nevertheless, doctors' perceptions regarding the information quality of online sources, and discerning personal constraints regarding Internet use, moderate the relationship between online source usage and the effectuation of their expectations. PMID:25417027

  15. Portsmouth Herald Local News: Project54 innovations enhance public safety Archives Business Entertainment Health Living Maine News Online Only Public Records Sports Tourism Travel

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    Entertainment Health Living Maine News Online Only Public Records Sports Tourism Travel Click Here Shop Records Sports Tourism Travel emergency vehicles equipped with Project54, including a fire truck from

  16. Information Filtering via Heterogeneous Diffusion in Online Bipartite Networks

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Fu-Guo; Zeng, An

    2015-01-01

    The rapid expansion of Internet brings us overwhelming online information, which is impossible for an individual to go through all of it. Therefore, recommender systems were created to help people dig through this abundance of information. In networks composed by users and objects, recommender algorithms based on diffusion have been proven to be one of the best performing methods. Previous works considered the diffusion process from user to object, and from object to user to be equivalent. We show in this work that it is not the case and we improve the quality of the recommendation by taking into account the asymmetrical nature of this process. We apply this idea to modify the state-of-the-art recommendation methods. The simulation results show that the new methods can outperform these existing methods in both recommendation accuracy and diversity. Finally, this modification is checked to be able to improve the recommendation in a realistic case. PMID:26125631

  17. Using Health Information Exchange to Improve Public Health

    PubMed Central

    Mostashari, Farzad; Hripcsak, George; Soulakis, Nicholas; Kuperman, Gilad

    2011-01-01

    Public health relies on data reported by health care partners, and information technology makes such reporting easier than ever. However, data are often structured according to a variety of different terminologies and formats, making data interfaces complex and costly. As one strategy to address these challenges, health information organizations (HIOs) have been established to allow secure, integrated sharing of clinical information among numerous stakeholders, including clinical partners and public health, through health information exchange (HIE). We give detailed descriptions of 11 typical cases in which HIOs can be used for public health purposes. We believe that HIOs, and HIE in general, can improve the efficiency and quality of public health reporting, facilitate public health investigation, improve emergency response, and enable public health to communicate information to the clinical community. PMID:21330598

  18. This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army.mil/doctrine/index.html).

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    #12;This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army.mil/doctrine/index.html). #12;ADP 3-28 DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. i Army Doctrine Publication No. 3-28 Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC, 26 July 2012 Defense

  19. EnviroNET: On-line information for LDEF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lauriente, Michael

    1993-01-01

    EnviroNET is an on-line, free-form database intended to provide a centralized repository for a wide range of technical information on environmentally induced interactions of use to Space Shuttle customers and spacecraft designers. It provides a user-friendly, menu-driven format on networks that are connected globally and is available twenty-four hours a day - every day. The information, updated regularly, includes expository text, tabular numerical data, charts and graphs, and models. The system pools space data collected over the years by NASA, USAF, other government research facilities, industry, universities, and the European Space Agency. The models accept parameter input from the user, then calculate and display the derived values corresponding to that input. In addition to the archive, interactive graphics programs are also available on space debris, the neutral atmosphere, radiation, magnetic fields, and the ionosphere. A user-friendly, informative interface is standard for all the models and includes a pop-up help window with information on inputs, outputs, and caveats. The system will eventually simplify mission analysis with analytical tools and deliver solutions for computationally intense graphical applications to do 'What if...' scenarios. A proposed plan for developing a repository of information from the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) for a user group is presented.

  20. Online physical activity information: will typical users find quality information?

    PubMed

    Bonnar-Kidd, Kelly K; Black, David R; Mattson, Marifran; Coster, Dan

    2009-03-01

    This study evaluated physical activity Web sites to determine quality, accuracy, and consistency with principles of the extended parallel process model (EPPM). Three keyword searches were conducted using 4 search engines to find a sample of N = 41 Web sites. Three raters evaluated the Web sites using the JAMA benchmarks to assess quality and American College of Sports Medicine and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations for physical activity to determine accuracy, as well as checking for inclusion of EPPM variables. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and analysis of variance with least squares means. Only 22% of the sites were high quality, none were highly accurate, and most were consistent with the EPPM. Quality ratings were weakly associated with accuracy. Educational and .net sites were rated significantly higher in quality and accuracy, and government sites were most consistent with the EPPM. Quality Web sites were more often found by using Yahoo and Google. "Exercise" yielded more accurate results, whereas "physical activity" and "fitness" produced more Web sites consistent with the EPPM. It is encouraging that most sites incorporated EPPM concepts; however, quality and accuracy were poor, leaving physical activity information seekers at risk for disease and injury. PMID:19280460

  1. 49 CFR 525.12 - Public inspection of information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION EXEMPTIONS FROM AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS § 525.12 Public inspection of information...including the petition and any supporting data, memoranda of informal meetings with the petitioner or any other interested...

  2. Information for Public Water System Owners and Operators

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources page provides basic information for owners of public water supply systems. It provides links to the state regulations, and information on water quality and monitoring.

  3. Suicidal and online: how do online behaviors inform us of this high-risk population?

    PubMed

    Harris, Keith M; McLean, John P; Sheffield, Jeanie

    2014-01-01

    To assist suicide prevention we need a better understanding of how suicidal individuals act in their environment, and the online world offers an ideal opportunity to examine daily behaviors. This anonymous survey (N = 1,016) provides first-of-its-kind empirical evidence demonstrating suicide-risk people (n = 290) are unique in their online behaviors. Suicidal users reported more time online, greater likelihood of developing online personal relationships, and greater use of online forums. In addition, suicide-risk women reported more time browsing/surfing and social networking. The authors conclude that suicide prevention efforts should respond to suicide-risk users' greater demands for online interpersonal communications. PMID:24666145

  4. Information Literacy Training in Canada’s Public Libraries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Heidi Julien; Cameron Hoffman

    2008-01-01

    The purposes of the study were to explore the role of Canada's public libraries in developing the public's information literacy (IL) skills, to explore current IL train- ing practices, and to explore the perspectives and IL experiences of individuals who visit public libraries to access the Internet. This article documents the second phase of a larger study, which included semistructured

  5. How up-to-date are Online Tourism Communities? An Empirical Evaluation of Commercial and Noncommercial Information Quality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marco Prestipino; Felix-robinson Aschoff; Gerhard Schwabe

    2007-01-01

    While social and economic aspects of online communities have been investigated broadly, the information exchanged has seldom been the subject of study. The article follows recent work on using an information systems metaphor for online communities: users specify queries and receive information from the online community members. In order to justify this metaphor, information needs to be at least up

  6. The Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Preparedness Initiative

    PubMed Central

    Loonsk, John W.; McGarvey, Sunanda R.; Conn, Laura A.; Johnson, Jennifer

    2006-01-01

    The Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Preparedness initiative strives to implement, on an accelerated pace, a consistent national network of information systems that will support public health in being prepared for public health emergencies. Using the principles and practices of the broader PHIN initiative, PHIN Preparedness concentrates in the short term on ensuring that all public health jurisdictions have, or have access to, systems to accomplish known preparedness functions. The PHIN Preparedness initiative defines functional requirements, technical standards and specifications, and a process to achieve consistency and interconnectedness of preparedness systems across public health. PMID:16221945

  7. The U.S. Conference of Mayors: Online Publications

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2008-01-01

    Many urban areas are faced with similar problems, and it makes sense that many mayors in the United States have joined forces with The U.S. Conference of Mayors in order to speak with a unified voice about the issues that urban areas struggle with on a regular basis. With that in mind, the Conference of Mayors has put together this sage site which contains a diverse set of policy publications and attendant prescriptions addressing everything from brownfields to climate protection. The papers are organized chronologically and they date back to 1993. All told, there are over 50 papers available here and some of the more recent titles include a report on hunger and homelessness in American cities and an omnibus survey on cities' water management policies.

  8. Providing online public services successfully: the role of confirmation of citizens’ expectations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Belanche; Luis V. Casaló; Carlos Flavián

    2010-01-01

    Satisfying consumer needs is a core principle of marketing. However, in the context of e-government initiatives (such as the\\u000a provision of online public services), most studies up to now have focused on adoption models such as Technology Acceptance\\u000a Model or Theory of Planned Behavior. To advance on this topic, in this work we analyze how confirmation of citizens’ expectations\\u000a may

  9. An Evaluation of Four Levels of Online Training in Public Libraries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Teresa R. Dalston; Philip M. Turner

    2011-01-01

    This study employed a sequential, mixed-method confirmatory research design to assess the impact of the delivery of library staff asynchronous online training at four levels of instructional intervention and workplace integration on short- and long-term knowledge acquisition\\/retention, self-efficacy, and job performance. The study utilized a pretest, posttest, and delayed posttest design with 192 staff members from twenty-seven public libraries in

  10. The provision of online public goods: Examining social structure in an electronic network of practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Molly Mclure Wasko; Robin Teigland; Samer Faraj

    2009-01-01

    Electronic networks of practice are computer-mediated social spaces where individuals working on similar problems self-organize to help each other and share knowledge, advice, and perspectives about their occupational practice or common interests. These interactions occur through message postings to produce an on-line public good of knowledge, where all participants in the network can then access this knowledge, regardless of their

  11. The internet public library: an online learning laboratory for digital libraries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lorri Mon; Larry Dennis; Kyunghye Kim

    2007-01-01

    This demonstration explores the Internet Public Library (www.ipl.org), a shared online facility for testing innovations in digital libraries and for training a skilled work force in digital library services, systems, and collections. Hypatia 2.0 and QRC software used in IPL's digital library collections and services are shown, with discussion of IPL in education, digital collections, digital reference services, digital library

  12. The Business Information Services: Old-Line Online Moves to the Web.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Leary, Mick

    1997-01-01

    Although the availability of free information on the World Wide Web has placed traditional, fee-based proprietary online services on the defensive, most major online business services are now on the Web. Highlights several business information providers: Profound, NewsNet and ProQuest Direct, Dow Jones and Wall Street Journal Interactive Edition,…

  13. An Observational Study of How Young People Search for Online Sexual Health Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buhi, Eric R.; Daley, Ellen M.; Fuhrmann, Hollie J.; Smith, Sarah A.

    2009-01-01

    Little is known about the quality of online sexual health information, how young people access the Internet to answer their sexual health questions, or an individual's ability to sort through myriad sources for accurate information. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine how college students search for online sexual health…

  14. Information Revelation and Privacy in Online Social Networks (The Facebook case)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralph Gross; Alessandro Acquisti

    ABSTRACT Participation in social networking sites has dramatically increased in recent years. Services such as Friendster, Tribe, or the Facebook allow millions of individuals to create online profiles and share personal information with vast networks of friends - and, often, unknown numbers of strangers. In this paper we study patterns of information revelation in online social networks and their privacy

  15. Online Information Searching Strategy Inventory (OISSI): A Quick Version and a Complete Version

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsai, Meng-Jung

    2009-01-01

    This study developed an instrument to evaluate student online information searching strategies based on a framework comprising three domains and seven aspects. Two versions of the Online Information Searching Strategies Inventory (OISSI), including both quick and complete versions, were finally established and exhibited good validities and…

  16. Hobby-Related Information-Seeking Behaviour of Highly Dedicated Online Museum Visitors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skov, Mette

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: This paper explores the characteristics of online museum visitors in an everyday life, information-seeking context. Method: A triangulation of research methods was applied. A Web questionnaire survey gave initial, quantitative information about online museum visitors to a military museum. Follow-up interviews (n = 24) obtained rich,…

  17. Adolescent Health Literacy: The Importance of Credible Sources for Online Health Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ghaddar, Suad F.; Valerio, Melissa A.; Garcia, Carolyn M.; Hansen, Lucy

    2012-01-01

    Background: Little research has examined adolescent health literacy and its relationship with online health information sources. The purpose of this study is to explore health literacy among a predominantly Hispanic adolescent population and to investigate whether exposure to a credible source of online health information, MedlinePlus[R], is…

  18. Online Access by Adolescents in Accra: Ghanaian Teens' Use of the Internet for Health Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borzekowski, Dina L. G.; Fobil, Julius N.; Asante, Kofi O.

    2006-01-01

    In developed countries, adolescents go online to find information about health; however, little is known about the online practices of youth from developing countries. This study's purpose was to explore and provide current information, drawn from adolescents living in Ghana's capital city of Accra, on the use of the Internet as a health…

  19. Clinical Decision Support Tools: Performance of Personal Digital Assistant versus Online Drug Information Databases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kevin A. Clauson; Hyla H. Polen; Wallace A. Marsh

    2007-01-01

    Study Objectives. To evaluate personal digital assistant (PDA) drug information databases used to support clinical decision-making, and to compare the performance of PDA databases with their online versions. Design. Prospective evaluation with descriptive analysis. Methods. Five drug information databases available for PDAs and online were evaluated according to their scope (inclusion of correct answers), completeness (on a 3-point scale), and

  20. Approaches to Studying Public Library Networked Community Information Initiatives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen E. Pettigrew; Joan C. Durrance; Pertti Vakkari

    1999-01-01

    In a world characterized by the use of rapidly advancing technology, public libraries are championing the rights of the individual to equitable public access to information provided over the Internet. But beyond general connectivity, libraries are also facilitating citizens' access to networked community information (CI) by actively linking users with relevant sites, by hosting pages for other service providers, and

  1. Online Public Access Catalog Research in the United Kingdom: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinsella, Janet; Bryant, Philip

    1987-01-01

    Reviews recent and current research and development projects in the United Kingdom dealing with online information systems. Main areas of research (systems design, impact on user behavior and organizational structure, ergonomics and bibliographic factors) and research techniques (features analysis, transaction log analysis, surveys and comparative…

  2. The application of information technology in the teaching of veterinary epidemiology and public health.

    PubMed

    Smith, Ronald D

    2003-01-01

    Information technology (IT) is an imprecise term currently used to describe computer-based techniques for data manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. IT possesses several characteristics that promote meaningful learning, including (1) just-in-time, personalized; (2) student-centered versus teacher-centric; (3) self-paced; (4) anytime, anywhere; and (5) discovery (through bibliographic and other information searches). However, if done improperly, IT-based teaching can be counterproductive. Factors to consider when evaluating the effectiveness of IT-based teaching methods include (1) content, (2) learning, (3) delivery support, (4) usability, and (5) technological. IT has been used to support instruction in epidemiology and public health at many levels, ranging from basic computer literacy to hands-on training in epidemiological methods through computer-based problem sets, case workups, outbreak investigations, and tutorials. Online quizzes based on articles selected from practice-oriented journals have been used to promote evidence-based medicine skills, including the critical evaluation of medical claims. As online access and delivery improve, opportunities for substantive online education and lifelong learning through IT have expanded. One of the most novel and comprehensive implementations of collaborative online sharing of educational content in epidemiology and public health is the Epidemiology Supercourse (http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/). More than 9,000 faculty from 118 countries have contributed to an online library of more than 700 lectures with quality control and adherence to accepted pedagogic principles. The goal is to improve teaching and research in epidemiology and public health worldwide. Although the focus is on human medicine, the concepts, methods, and principles can easily be applied to veterinary medicine. The Association for Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine (AVEPM) seeks to heighten awareness of issues in veterinary epidemiology and public health education among veterinary educators through various forums, symposia, and workshops. The AVEPM Web site (http://www.cvm.uiuc.edu/avepm/) includes a listing of educational software and Web sites supporting epidemiology and public health education. PMID:14976620

  3. Lay information mediary behavior uncovered: exploring how nonprofessionals seek health information for themselves and others online*EC

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennie A. Abrahamson; Karen E. Fisher; Anne G. Turner; Joan C. Durrance; Tammara Combs Turner

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: This research studied motivations for, barriers to, and effects of online health information seeking and explored lay information mediary behavior (LIMB) characteristics in the consumer health information domain. Lay information mediaries (LIMs) seek information on behalf or because of others, without necessarily being asked to do so or engaging in follow up, and have represented more than 50% of

  4. The quality of online antidepressant drug information: An evaluation of English and Finnish language Web sites

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marjo Prusti; Susanna Lehtineva; Marika Pohjanoksa-Mäntylä; J. Simon Bell

    BackgroundThe Internet is a frequently used source of drug information, including among people with mental disorders. Online drug information may be narrow in scope, incomplete, and contain errors of omission.

  5. Information Technology in Public Libraries in Kuwait: A First Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    CHARLENE L. AL-QALLAF; HOWAYA M. AL-AZMI

    2002-01-01

    This study examines the availability and use of information technology in public libraries in Kuwait. Specific areas addressed are (1) hardware\\/software, (2) patterns of connectivity such as LANs, Internet, etc., (3) training and development activities in support of information technology, and (4) future projections regarding the use of information technology. The study provides policy-makers and information professionals with previously unavailable

  6. WWC Review of the Report "Interactive Learning Online at Public Universities: Evidence from a Six-Campus Randomized Trial." What Works Clearinghouse Single Study Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The 2013 study, "Interactive Learning Online at Public Universities: Evidence From a Six-Campus Randomized Trial," examined the impact of interactive learning online (ILO) on the pass rates of 605 students enrolled in introductory statistics courses at six public universities. ILO is a form of online course instruction in which…

  7. 7 CFR 1208.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...Assessments § 1208.56 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

  8. 7 CFR 1216.88 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...Miscellaneous § 1216.88 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

  9. 7 CFR 1208.56 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...Assessments § 1208.56 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

  10. 7 CFR 1216.88 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...Miscellaneous § 1216.88 Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications...and product formulations. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information,...

  11. 7 CFR 1221.123 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications...1221.123 Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications... (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information,...

  12. 7 CFR 1221.123 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications...1221.123 Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications... (a) Any patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information,...

  13. 7 CFR 63.501 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications... § 63.501 Patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information, publications...formulations. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, trademarks, information,...

  14. 76 FR 34122 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: NEA/PI Online Performance Reporting System (PRS)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-10

    ...Proposed Information Collection: NEA/PI Online Performance Reporting System (PRS... Title of Information Collection: NEA/PI Online Performance Reporting System (PRS...Renewal. Originating Office: NEA/PI. Form Number: DS-4127....

  15. Democratizing Human Genome Project Information: A Model Program for Education, Information and Debate in Public Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pollack, Miriam

    The "Mapping the Human Genome" project demonstrated that librarians can help whomever they serve in accessing information resources in the areas of biological and health information, whether it is the scientists who are developing the information or a member of the public who is using the information. Public libraries can guide library users…

  16. Disease Detection or Public Opinion Reflection? Content Analysis of Tweets, Other Social Media, and Online Newspapers During the Measles Outbreak in the Netherlands in 2013

    PubMed Central

    Harmsen, Irene Anhai; Broekhuizen, Emma; Clijnk, Rutger; De Melker, Hester; Paulussen, Theo; Kok, Gerjo; Ruiter, Robert; Das, Enny

    2015-01-01

    Background In May 2013, a measles outbreak began in the Netherlands among Orthodox Protestants who often refuse vaccination for religious reasons. Objective Our aim was to compare the number of messages expressed on Twitter and other social media during the measles outbreak with the number of online news articles and the number of reported measles cases to answer the question if and when social media reflect public opinion patterns versus disease patterns. Methods We analyzed measles-related tweets, other social media messages, and online newspaper articles over a 7-month period (April 15 to November 11, 2013) with regard to topic and sentiment. Thematic analysis was used to structure and analyze the topics. Results There was a stronger correlation between the weekly number of social media messages and the weekly number of online news articles (P<.001 for both tweets and other social media messages) than between the weekly number of social media messages and the weekly number of reported measles cases (P=.003 and P=.048 for tweets and other social media messages, respectively), especially after the summer break. All data sources showed 3 large peaks, possibly triggered by announcements about the measles outbreak by the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment and statements made by well-known politicians. Most messages informed the public about the measles outbreak (ie, about the number of measles cases) (93/165, 56.4%) followed by messages about preventive measures taken to control the measles spread (47/132, 35.6%). The leading opinion expressed was frustration regarding people who do not vaccinate because of religious reasons (42/88, 48%). Conclusions The monitoring of online (social) media might be useful for improving communication policies aiming to preserve vaccination acceptability among the general public. Data extracted from online (social) media provide insight into the opinions that are at a certain moment salient among the public, which enables public health institutes to respond immediately and appropriately to those public concerns. More research is required to develop an automatic coding system that captures content and user’s characteristics that are most relevant to the diseases within the National Immunization Program and related public health events and can inform official responses. PMID:26013683

  17. Information Center Complex publications and presentations, 1971-1980

    SciTech Connect

    Gill, A.B.; Hawthorne, S.W.

    1981-08-01

    This indexed bibliography lists publications and presentations of the Information Center Complex, Information Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, from 1971 through 1980. The 659 entries cover such topics as toxicology, air and water pollution, management and transportation of hazardous wastes, energy resources and conservation, and information science. Publications range in length from 1 page to 3502 pages and include topical reports, books, journal articles, fact sheets, and newsletters. Author, title, and group indexes are provided. Annual updates are planned.

  18. HIV\\/AIDS Information in Public Libraries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerald Perry

    2000-01-01

    Despite well-publicized advances in the development of antiretroviral therapies, HIV infection remains an incurable condition. Worldwide, the disease threatens to gravely impact a wide range of developing nations, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, South and Southeast Asia and South America. In the United States, the poor and particularly women of color are at great, and increasing, risk for infection. Public libraries,

  19. Hoover's Online

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Hoover's Online features an accurate and comprehensive database of company information free on the Web. Called Hoover's MasterList Plus, the database of more than 8,500 of the largest public and private U.S. companies provides company name, key personnel, address, sales, number of employees, ticker symbol and other information for companies meeting the user's designated search criteria. Hoover's Online also includes the week's top business news stories, a directory of more than 1,000 corporate Web sites, a synopsis of the 25 top-selling business books and links to other business information resources on the Web, including stock quotes and SEC filings. The new List of Lists has dozens of rankings indicating which companies are the largest, which CEOs made the most money, which companies are the best employers, and more. Almost all of Hoover's Online is free, including the content mentioned here.

  20. LBVS: an online platform for ligand-based virtual screening using publicly accessible databases.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Minghao; Liu, Zhihong; Yan, Xin; Ding, Qianzhi; Gu, Qiong; Xu, Jun

    2014-11-01

    Abundant data on compound bioactivity and publicly accessible chemical databases increase opportunities for ligand-based drug discovery. In order to make full use of the data, an online platform for ligand-based virtual screening (LBVS) using publicly accessible databases has been developed. LBVS adopts Bayesian learning approach to create virtual screening models because of its noise tolerance, speed, and efficiency in extracting knowledge from data. LBVS currently includes data derived from BindingDB and ChEMBL. Three validation approaches have been employed to evaluate the virtual screening models created from LBVS. The tenfold cross validation results of twenty different LBVS models demonstrate that LBVS achieves an average AUC value of 0.86. Our internal and external testing results indicate that LBVS is predictive for lead identifications. LBVS can be publicly accessed at http://rcdd.sysu.edu.cn/lbvs. PMID:25182364

  1. Reliability, Readability and Quality of Online Information about Femoracetabular Impingement

    PubMed Central

    Küçükdurmaz, Fatih; Gomez, Miguel M; Secrist, Eric; Parvizi, Javad

    2015-01-01

    Background: The Internet has become the most widely-used source for patients seeking information more about their health and many sites geared towards this audience have gained widespread use in recent years. Additionally, many healthcare institutions publish their own patient-education web sites with information regarding common conditions. Little is known about how these resources impact patient health, though, as they have the potential both to inform and to misinform patients regarding their prognosis and possible treatments. In this study we investigated the reliability, readability and quality of information about femoracetabular impingement, a condition which commonly affects young patients. Methods: The terms “hip impingement” and “femoracetabular impingement” were searched in Google® in November 2013 and the first 30 results were analyzed. The LIDA scale was used to assess website accessibility, usability and reliability. The DISCERN scale was used to assess reliability and quality of information. The FRE score was used to assess readability. Results: The patient-oriented sites performed significantly worse in LIDA reliability, and DISCERN reliability. However, the FRE score was significantly higher in patient-oriented sites. Conclusion: According to our results, the websites intended to attract patients searching for information regarding femoroacetabular impingement are providing a highly accessible, readable information source, but do not appear to apply a comparable amount of rigor to scientific literature or healthcare practitioner websites in regard to matters such as citing sources for information, supplying methodology and including a publication date. This indicates that while these resources are easily accessed by patients, there is potential for them to be a source of misinformation.

  2. 5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...ACT RULES AND SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information for the Public § 2604.202 Index identifying information for the public....

  3. 5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...ACT RULES AND SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information for the Public § 2604.202 Index identifying information for the public....

  4. 5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...ACT RULES AND SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information for the Public § 2604.202 Index identifying information for the public....

  5. 5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...ACT RULES AND SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information for the Public § 2604.202 Index identifying information for the public....

  6. 5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...ACT RULES AND SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information for the Public § 2604.202 Index identifying information for the public....

  7. This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army.mil/doctrine/index.html).

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    #12;This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army. *This manual supersedes FM 4-0, dated 30 April 2009. i Army Doctrine Publication No. 4-0 Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC, 31 July 2012 Sustainment Contents Page PREFACE

  8. Accessing sexual health information online: use, motivations and consequences for youth with different sexual orientations.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, Kimberly J; Ybarra, Michele L; Korchmaros, Josephine D; Kosciw, Joseph G

    2014-02-01

    We examine reasons why youth of different sexual orientations look for sexual health information online, and what, if anything, they do with it. The Teen Health and Technology study involved online surveys of 5542 Internet users, ages 13 through 18 in the United States. Searching for sexual health information online was reported frequently and varied significantly by sexual orientation: from 19% of heterosexual youth to 78% of gay/lesbian/queer youth. The most common reasons youth look for sexual health information is for privacy and curiosity. Sexual minority youth are more likely than heterosexual youth to report that they looked for information online because they did not have anyone to ask. Once youth have the information, no differences by sexual orientation were noted as to what they did with it. Instead, seeking out the information for privacy-related reasons and having no one to ask were related to taking some action on the information received. Findings indicate that online information is most valuable to those youth who lack alternatives. Care needs to be taken to help ensure that the sexual health information online is accurate and includes topics specific to sexual minority youth. PMID:23861481

  9. AAMC Publications and Information Resources: AAMC Listservs

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1997-01-01

    The Association of American Medical Colleges Listservs is a new web page that consolidates information about AAMC's fifteen mailing lists. Topics include AAMC activities, faculty affairs, resident affairs and medical education software, among others. Each list contains a brief description, information on eligibility requirements to join the list, and subscription information.

  10. Setting the Public Agenda for Online Health Search: A White Paper and Action Agenda

    PubMed Central

    D'Andrea, Guy; Lorence, Dan

    2004-01-01

    Background Searches for health information are among the most common reasons that consumers use the Internet. Both consumers and quality experts have raised concerns about the quality of information on the Web and the ability of consumers to find accurate information that meets their needs. Objective To produce a national stakeholder-driven agenda for research, technical improvements, and education that will improve the results of consumer searches for health information on the Internet. Methods URAC, a national accreditation organization, and Consumer WebWatch (CWW), a project of Consumers Union (a consumer advocacy organization), conducted a review of factors influencing the results of online health searches. The organizations convened two stakeholder groups of consumers, quality experts, search engine experts, researchers, health-care providers, informatics specialists, and others. Meeting participants reviewed existing information and developed recommendations for improving the results of online consumer searches for health information. Participants were not asked to vote on or endorse the recommendations. Our working definition of a quality Web site was one that contained accurate, reliable, and complete information. Results The Internet has greatly improved access to health information for consumers. There is great variation in how consumers seek information via the Internet, and in how successful they are in searching for health information. Further, there is variation among Web sites, both in quality and accessibility. Many Web site features affect the capability of search engines to find and index them. Conclusions Research is needed to define quality elements of Web sites that could be retrieved by search engines and understand how to meet the needs of different types of searchers. Technological research should seek to develop more sophisticated approaches for tagging information, and to develop searches that "learn" from consumer behavior. Finally, education initiatives are needed to help consumers search more effectively and to help them critically evaluate the information they find. PMID:15249267

  11. How and why do people with depression access and utilize online drug information: A qualitative study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marika Pohjanoksa-Mäntylä; Johanna K. Saari; Ulla Närhi; Anna Karjalainen; Kari Pylkkänen; Marja S. Airaksinen; J. Simon Bell

    2009-01-01

    BackgroundPeople with depression commonly use the Internet to access antidepressant information, but the quality of this information is highly variable. The objective of this study was to assess how and why people use the Internet to access antidepressant information, and the self-reported impact of information obtained online.

  12. Quality measuring with respect to electronic information markets and particularly online databases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Rittberger

    The online market and the provision of technical information have undergone fundamental changes as a result of the growth of the Internet. Electronic marketplaces for technical information thereby represent a good opportunity for exchanging technical information. Nineteen criteria for the evaluation of technical information markets are presented in this article, and methods of operationalization are discussed. Databases are an important

  13. What do Web-Use Skill Differences Imply for Online Health Information Searches?

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Online health information is of variable and often low scientific quality. In particular, elderly less-educated populations are said to struggle in accessing quality online information (digital divide). Little is known about (1) how their online behavior differs from that of younger, more-educated, and more-frequent Web users, and (2) how the older population may be supported in accessing good-quality online health information. Objective To specify the digital divide between skilled and less-skilled Web users, we assessed qualitative differences in technical skills, cognitive strategies, and attitudes toward online health information. Based on these findings, we identified educational and technological interventions to help Web users find and access good-quality online health information. Methods We asked 22 native German-speaking adults to search for health information online. The skilled cohort consisted of 10 participants who were younger than 30 years of age, had a higher level of education, and were more experienced using the Web than 12 participants in the less-skilled cohort, who were at least 50 years of age. We observed online health information searches to specify differences in technical skills and analyzed concurrent verbal protocols to identify health information seekers’ cognitive strategies and attitudes. Results Our main findings relate to (1) attitudes: health information seekers in both cohorts doubted the quality of information retrieved online; among poorly skilled seekers, this was mainly because they doubted their skills to navigate vast amounts of information; once a website was accessed, quality concerns disappeared in both cohorts, (2) technical skills: skilled Web users effectively filtered information according to search intentions and data sources; less-skilled users were easily distracted by unrelated information, and (3) cognitive strategies: skilled Web users searched to inform themselves; less-skilled users searched to confirm their health-related opinions such as “vaccinations are harmful.” Independent of Web-use skills, most participants stopped a search once they had found the first piece of evidence satisfying search intentions, rather than according to quality criteria. Conclusions Findings related to Web-use skills differences suggest two classes of interventions to facilitate access to good-quality online health information. Challenges related to findings (1) and (2) should be remedied by improving people’s basic Web-use skills. In particular, Web users should be taught how to avoid information overload by generating specific search terms and to avoid low-quality information by requesting results from trusted websites only. Problems related to finding (3) may be remedied by visually labeling search engine results according to quality criteria. PMID:22695686

  14. Designing Online Information Systems for Portfolio-Based Assessment: Design Criteria and Heuristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Love, Terence; Cooper, Trudi

    2004-01-01

    This paper outlines the main findings of research about online portfolio information systems. This research focused on the educational integrity of these educational systems and the maximisation of value across all stakeholders, in particular the value gained from the automation and interaction potential of the online environment. The findings and…

  15. Making your online voice loud: the critical role of WOM information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Minxue Huang; Fengyan Cai; Alex S. L. Tsang; Nan Zhou

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – This paper seeks to explore factors that can help generate a bigger ripple for diffusive Word-of-Mouth (WOM) in an online environment. Specifically, the paper aims to demonstrate how the characteristics of WOM information influence the ripple effect. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper used a survey based on real posts in online discussion forums to collect the data. Structural Equation

  16. Performance-Based Assessment in an Online Course: Comparing Different Types of Information Literacy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mery, Yvonne; Newby, Jill; Peng, Ke

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates whether the type of instruction (a single face-to-face librarian-led instruction, instructor-led instruction, or an online IL course--the Online Research Lab) has an impact on student information literacy gains in a Freshman English Composition program. A performance-based assessment was carried out by analyzing…

  17. Does Animation Attract Online Users' Attention? The Effects of Flash on Information Search Performance and Perceptions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Weiyin Hong; James Y. L. Thong; Kar Yan Tam

    2004-01-01

    The proliferation of information on the Internet poses a significant challenge on humans’ limited attentional resources. To attract online users’ attention, various kinds of animation are widely used on websites. Despite the ubiquitous use of animation, there is an inadequate understanding of its effect on attention. Focusing on flash animation, this study examines its effects on online users’ performance and

  18. Design and implementation to intelligent online exam system for course Information Resource Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ming Xiao; Liyang He

    2010-01-01

    Compared with the traditional exam, online examination system can greatly enhance the evaluation capacities, reduce the human input and improve the work efficiencies. So it has considerable economical efficiency and broad prospect. Examination is used in course Information Resource Management in order to solve the problems in evaluating. An intelligent online exam system is developed and the examination library of

  19. 5 CFR 950.401 - Campaign and publicity information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Federations must also respond in a timely fashion in the development of campaign and publicity...must constitute a simple and attractive design that has fundraising appeal and essential working information. The design should focus on the CFC without...

  20. 5 CFR 950.401 - Campaign and publicity information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Federations must also respond in a timely fashion in the development of campaign and publicity...must constitute a simple and attractive design that has fundraising appeal and essential working information. The design should focus on the CFC without...

  1. 5 CFR 950.401 - Campaign and publicity information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Federations must also respond in a timely fashion in the development of campaign and publicity...must constitute a simple and attractive design that has fundraising appeal and essential working information. The design should focus on the CFC without...

  2. 5 CFR 950.401 - Campaign and publicity information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Federations must also respond in a timely fashion in the development of campaign and publicity...must constitute a simple and attractive design that has fundraising appeal and essential working information. The design should focus on the CFC without...

  3. 49 CFR 537.11 - Public inspection of information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.11 Public inspection of information. Except as provided in § 537.12, any person...

  4. 49 CFR 537.11 - Public inspection of information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.11 Public inspection of information. Except as provided in § 537.12, any person...

  5. 49 CFR 537.11 - Public inspection of information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.11 Public inspection of information. Except as provided in § 537.12, any person...

  6. 49 CFR 537.11 - Public inspection of information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.11 Public inspection of information. Except as provided in § 537.12, any person...

  7. 49 CFR 537.11 - Public inspection of information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.11 Public inspection of information. Except as provided in § 537.12, any person...

  8. 45 CFR 1370.5 - Public information campaign grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS § 1370.5 Public information campaign...

  9. 45 CFR 1370.5 - Public information campaign grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS § 1370.5 Public information campaign...

  10. 7 CFR 8.8 - Use by public informational services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...informational services. (a) In any advertisement, display, exhibit, visual and audio-visual...news release, publication in any form, radio and television program devoted in...product message or reference. (b) Advertisements, news releases,...

  11. 49 CFR 397.73 - Public information and reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; DRIVING AND PARKING RULES Routing of Non-Radioactive Hazardous Materials § 397.73 Public information and reporting requirements....

  12. 49 CFR 397.73 - Public information and reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; DRIVING AND PARKING RULES Routing of Non-Radioactive Hazardous Materials § 397.73 Public information and reporting requirements....

  13. 49 CFR 397.73 - Public information and reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; DRIVING AND PARKING RULES Routing of Non-Radioactive Hazardous Materials § 397.73 Public information and reporting requirements....

  14. 49 CFR 397.73 - Public information and reporting requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; DRIVING AND PARKING RULES Routing of Non-Radioactive Hazardous Materials § 397.73 Public information and reporting requirements....

  15. 32 CFR 705.16 - Navy produced public information material.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...command to protect classified information or to acquire photos for official use, including public affairs. Photographs taken by bystanders at times of accident, combat, or similar significant events can be valuable for preparation of official report and...

  16. Public libraries: pathways to making Botswana an educated, informed nation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tshepo Maswabi; Tiroyamodimo Sethate; Sebusang E. M. Sebusang; Resego Taolo

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss how implementing a public access to ICT project, Sesigo, at Botswana public libraries can help contribute to the achievement of the national goal of an informed, educated nation by 2016. It further shares ICT training experiences, achievements and challenges as the project evolves. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper combines results from

  17. MANAGING INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN UK PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: ISSUES AND PROSPECTS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    LESLIE WILLCOCKS

    1994-01-01

    The record on the development and use of information-b ased technologies in UK public administration is reviewed and distinctive risks identified. Risk levels associated with computerization may be increasing rather than abating as a result of both the content of New Public Management initiatives, and also how they are being introduced and applied. This article considers ways forward from the

  18. Teaching Science and Technology via Online Distance Learning: The Experience of Teaching Biostatistics in an Online Master of Public Health Programme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gemmell, Isla; Sandars, John; Taylor, Stewart; Reed, Katie

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the development and teaching of a biostatistics module within a fully online distance learning Master of Public Health (MPH) programme at the University of Manchester. The MPH programme caters for students from over 40 countries worldwide and all materials are delivered via the Blackboard virtual learning environment. In this…

  19. 18 CFR 401.114 - Data and information previously disclosed to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...information previously disclosed to the public. 401.114 Section 401.114...RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Public Access to Records and Information § 401...information previously disclosed to the public. Any Commission record that...

  20. 18 CFR 401.114 - Data and information previously disclosed to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...information previously disclosed to the public. 401.114 Section 401.114...RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Public Access to Records and Information § 401...information previously disclosed to the public. Any Commission record that...

  1. 18 CFR 401.114 - Data and information previously disclosed to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...information previously disclosed to the public. 401.114 Section 401.114...RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Public Access to Records and Information § 401...information previously disclosed to the public. Any Commission record that...

  2. 18 CFR 401.114 - Data and information previously disclosed to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...information previously disclosed to the public. 401.114 Section 401.114...RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Public Access to Records and Information § 401...information previously disclosed to the public. Any Commission record that...

  3. 18 CFR 401.114 - Data and information previously disclosed to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...information previously disclosed to the public. 401.114 Section 401.114...RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Public Access to Records and Information § 401...information previously disclosed to the public. Any Commission record that...

  4. Defining Information Needs for Public Health Systems and Services Research

    PubMed Central

    Buehler, James W.

    2014-01-01

    Background: People who lead or manage public health agencies have multiple needs for information in order to do their jobs effectively. In seeking to investigate “what works” in public health practice, investigators in the field of public health systems and services research (PHSSR) have largely overlapping information needs but often require a greater detail, specificity, or comprehensiveness than is routinely available in public health data systems. PHSSR Data Needs Meeting: On April 24, 2014, the PHSSR Center of the University of Kentucky and AcademyHealth convened a 1-day meeting of public health practitioners and PHSSR investigators to identify PHSSR information needs. Meeting participants considered data needs for three PHSSR domains: the organization of public health agencies and services, the use of rapidly evolving health information technologies, and the financing and economic evaluation of public health activities. Future Data Needs: Identifying data needs in these and other PHSSR domains requires clarification of research questions, consideration of research methods, a balance of imagination and practicality, and investments to extend the information captured in existing administrative, financial, and population health monitoring systems. PMID:25848628

  5. MO/DSD online information server and global information repository access

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nguyen, Diem; Ghaffarian, Kam; Hogie, Keith; Mackey, William

    1994-01-01

    Often in the past, standards and new technology information have been available only in hardcopy form, with reproduction and mailing costs proving rather significant. In light of NASA's current budget constraints and in the interest of efficient communications, the Mission Operations and Data Systems Directorate (MO&DSD) New Technology and Data Standards Office recognizes the need for an online information server (OLIS). This server would allow: (1) dissemination of standards and new technology information throughout the Directorate more quickly and economically; (2) online browsing and retrieval of documents that have been published for and by MO&DSD; and (3) searching for current and past study activities on related topics within NASA before issuing a task. This paper explores a variety of available information servers and searching tools, their current capabilities and limitations, and the application of these tools to MO&DSD. Most importantly, the discussion focuses on the way this concept could be easily applied toward improving dissemination of standards and new technologies and improving documentation processes.

  6. Nuclear energy information flow from DOE to the public

    SciTech Connect

    Simmons, J.L.; Rankin, W.L.; Nealey, S.M.

    1980-06-01

    The objective of this research was to study the DOE's program for educating the public about nuclear power and nuclear waste management. DOE's organizational structuree and the procedures used within this structure to disseminate information were studied and readability tests on nuclear information distributed by DOE were conducted. Initial information was obtained through interviews with 29 local, state, and federal DOE representatives. This was supplemented with additional information as it was released by the DOE. The primary goals of the DOE's information program are to encourage two-way communication between the DOE and the public and to encourage public participation in policy-making decisions. Most of this communication, however, is presented orally. Relative to other energy technologies and conservation, very few nuclear brochures are currently being distributed by the DOE. This is especially true with regard to information about nuclear waste. A recent public survey found that a majority of the public wants to learn more about nuclear power and that, with regard to the nuclear fuel cycle, the public wants most to learn about nuclear waste management. Thus, the DOE appears to be missing an eager audience.

  7. Semantic interoperability between clinical and public health information systems for improving public health services.

    PubMed

    Lopez, Diego M; Blobel, Bernd G M E

    2007-01-01

    Improving public health services requires comprehensively integrating all services including medical, social, community, and public health ones. Therefore, developing integrated health information services has to start considering business process, rules and information semantics of involved domains. The paper proposes a business and information architecture for the specification of a future-proof national integrated system, concretely the requirements for semantic integration between public health surveillance and clinical information systems. The architecture is a semantically interoperable approach because it describes business process, rules and information semantics based on national policy documents and expressed in a standard language such us the Unified Modeling Language UML. Having the enterprise and information models formalized, semantically interoperable Health IT components/services development is supported. PMID:17901617

  8. Putting the University Online: Information, Technology and Organizational Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornford, James; Pollock, Neil

    This book explores what new technology and the vision of a virtual university mean for an institution and its staff, students and other stakeholders, and the consequences for the role and identity of the university of "putting the university online." Chapters are: (1) "The Online Imperative"; (2) "Researching Changing Universities"; (3) "Working…

  9. On-Line Information Retrieval Using Associative Indexing. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borko, Harold; And Others

    Experiments were performed to determine the feasibility of using ALCAPP as one form of on-line dialogue. Assuming the ALCAPP (Automatic List Classification and Profile Production) system is in an on-line mode, investigations of those parameters which could affect its stability and reliability were conducted. Fifty-two full test documents were used…

  10. NOAH--New York Online Access to Health: library collaboration for bilingual consumer health information on the Internet.

    PubMed Central

    Voge, S

    1998-01-01

    New York Online Access to Health (NOAH) is a Web site that provides accurate, timely, relevant, and unbiased full-text health information in both English and Spanish. A joint project of The City University of New York Office of Library Services, The New York Academy of Medicine Library, the Metropolitan New York Library Council, and The New York Public Library, NOAH brings consumer health information to the public in New York City and around the world via the Internet. NOAH is an example of a successful collaboration among different types of libraries (academic, public, medical society) and voluntary health agencies to use new technologies to reach a very broad public. This paper discusses the involvement of the library partners in terms of the management and funding of the site. Web site construction is described including how the information is gathered and organized. Future plans and funding issues for NOAH are considered in terms of the expected increase in the need for consumer health information. NOAH can be reached at: www.noah.cuny.edu. PMID:9681167

  11. 78 FR 13855 - Notice of Public Information Collection Requirements Submitted to OMB for Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-01

    ...AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Notice of Public Information Collection Requirements...S. Agency for International Development...the following information collection to...1995, Public Law 104-13....

  12. 77 FR 73611 - Notice of Public Information Collection Requirements Submitted to OMB for Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-11

    ...AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Notice of Public Information Collection Requirements...S. Agency for International Development...the following information collection to...1995, Public Law 104-13....

  13. 75 FR 75451 - Notice of Public Information Collection Requirements Submitted to OMB for Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-03

    ...AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Notice of Public Information Collection Requirements...S. Agency for International Development...the following information collection to...1995, Public Law 10413....

  14. 76 FR 76359 - Notice of Public Information Collection Requirements Submitted to OMB for Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-07

    ...AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Notice of Public Information Collection Requirements...S. Agency for International Development...the following information collections to...1995, Public Law 104-13....

  15. Medical data mining : improving information accessibility using online patient drug reviews

    E-print Network

    Li, Yueyang Alice

    2011-01-01

    We address the problem of information accessibility for patients concerned about, pharmaceutical drug side effects and experiences. We create a new corpus of online patient-provided drug reviews and present our initial ...

  16. Performance information and programme evaluation in the Australian public sector

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James Guthrie; Linda English

    1997-01-01

    Performance measurement and programme evaluation have been promoted as a central mechanism of recent Australian public sector (APS) reform. Outlines recent reforms in the APS and identifies links between evaluation and performance information. Identifies the major issue of credibility, when performance information is produced internally and not verified externally. A lack of performance systems and standards can create difficulties for

  17. A Comprehensive Assessment of Public Information Dissemination Final Report

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2001-01-01

    These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. This report (each of the first three volumes is approximately 300 pages), from the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS), takes a broader look at the government's public information dissemination practices. The report urges the government to recognize public information as a "strategic national resource." The Executive Summary, in Volume 1, lists 36 recommendations to improve public access to government information.

  18. Information Policy: Public Laws from the 95th Congress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on House Administration.

    This compilation of abstracts provides brief descriptions of the 74 new public laws relating to computers and information policy that were enacted during the 95th Congress. Each of these bills is concerned with information, although the diverse subject matter--e.g., energy and clean water, food and health, foreign investments, ethics in…

  19. An Informal Online Learning Community for Student Mental Health at University: A Preliminary Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, Derek; Tangney, Brendan

    2008-01-01

    As a potential solution to increasing demands on mental health services at universities, this project seeks to develop an informal online learning community for mental health support and education. Students' use of the Internet and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), especially to access health information, provides a supporting…

  20. International Students Using Online Information Resources to Learn: Complex Experience and Learning Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Hilary

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports the findings of a qualitative study that investigated 25 international students' use of online information resources for study purposes at two Australian universities. Using an expanded critical incident approach, the study viewed international students through an information literacy lens, as information-using learners.…

  1. Search Theory and Instruction for End Users of Online Bibliographic Information Retrieval Systems: A Literature Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huston, Mary M.

    1989-01-01

    Presents literature review of concept-based search theory and its relationship to end user instruction for online bibliographic information systems. Existing search models and search curriculums from the library and information science literature are surveyed, scholarly patterns of information access are discussed, and commercial sources of…

  2. Online Discussion Compensates for Suboptimal Timing of Supportive Information Presentation in a Digitally Supported Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noroozi, Omid; Busstra, Maria C.; Mulder, Martin; Biemans, Harm J. A.; Tobi, Hilde; Geelen, Anouk; van't Veer, Pieter; Chizari, Mohammad

    2012-01-01

    This study used a sequential set-up to investigate the consecutive effects of timing of supportive information presentation (information before vs. information during the learning task clusters) in interactive digital learning materials (IDLMs) and type of collaboration (personal discussion vs. online discussion) in computer-supported…

  3. Good Online Conversation: Building on Research To Inform Practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lorraine Sherry; Fern Tavalin; Shelley H. Billig

    With the increase of Internet and WWW usage in the classroom, instructional activities are now being implemented that use online conversation for knowledge building. Current research with The WEB Project, an Innovation Challenge Grantee, subtitled \\

  4. Using evidence informed approval to create online learning resources

    E-print Network

    Tracy, Frances; Jordan, Katy; Johnstone, Keith; Carmichael, Patrick

    2007-06-14

    into undergraduate teaching and learning within the Department; and to develop online resources to support student learning. The research focused on the second year ‘Part IB Plant & Microbial Sciences’ (IB PMS) Course. A combination of focus groups, dual...

  5. When Does Retargeting Work? Information Specificity in Online Advertising

    E-print Network

    Lambrecht, Anja

    Firms can now offer personalized recommendations to consumers who return to their website, using consumers' previous browsing history on that website. In addition, online advertising has greatly improved in its use of ...

  6. 12 CFR 4.36 - Disclosure of non-public OCC information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...OCC information. The OCC may make non-public OCC information available to a supervised...request for records or testimony. (b) OCC policy. It is the OCC's policy regarding non-public OCC information that such information...

  7. The devil you know: parents seeking information online for paediatric cancer.

    PubMed

    Gage, Elizabeth A; Panagakis, Christina

    2012-03-01

    There is a growing interest in understanding the effect that online information-seeking has on patients' experiences, empowerment and interactions with healthcare providers. This mixed-methods study combines surveys and in-depth interviews with 41 parents of paediatric cancer patients in the USA to examine how parents think about, evaluate, access and use the internet to seek information related to their child's cancer. We find that, during the acute crisis of a child being diagnosed with cancer, parents preferred to receive information related to their child's diagnosis, prognosis and treatment options from a trusted healthcare provider rather than through the internet. We find that access to medically related cancer information through the internet was deemed to be untrustworthy and frightening. Parents' reasons for avoiding online information-seeking included fear of what they might find out, uncertainty about the accuracy of information online, being overloaded by the volume of information online and having been told not to go online by oncologists. Some parents also had logistical barriers to accessing the internet. While most parents did not turn to the internet as a source of health-related information, many did use it to connect with sources of social support throughout their child's illness. PMID:21854400

  8. Online Marketing Strategies in the Information Economy: A Comparative Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Louis Minakakis

    2001-01-01

    On-line marketers are fast pushing the boundaries of the field through a combination of creative content, the use of in-depth market knowledge, and the deployment of interactive and analytical technological tools. Targeted on-line marketing has emerged as a viable form of reaching customers on the Internet. In addition to providing a cheap and effective way of reaching qualified and interested

  9. How internet users find, evaluate, and use online health information: a cross-cultural review.

    PubMed

    Morahan-Martin, Janet M

    2004-10-01

    The Internet has become a favored source to find health information. Worldwide, about 4.5% of all Internet searches are for health-related information. However, research has found that the quality of online health information is mixed, which raises serious concerns about the impact of this information. This paper reviews relevant research to understand how health information on the Internet is retrieved, evaluated, and used. Most users of online health information are looking for information about specific health conditions because they or someone they know was diagnosed with a medical condition. They typically use general search engines to find online health information and enter short phrases, often misspelled. They seldom go beyond the first page of a search. Both their search and evaluation skills are limited although they are concerned about the quality of online health information. They avoid sites with overt commercialism, but often do not pay attention to indicators of credibility. Online health information is used to fill an information void which can enhance coping and self efficacy, affects health-related decisions and behavior of users and their friends and family, and is often discussed with health care providers. There are cross-cultural differences in the types of sites used as well as how online information is used. Based on the research reviewed in this paper, three major recommendations are suggested. Professionals should recommend sites. Professionals should promote more effective search and evaluation techniques. Professionals should be involved in developing and promoting uniform standards for health and mental health sites. PMID:15667044

  10. Secure Spaces: Protecting Freedom of Information Access in Public Places

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shun Hattori; Katsumi Tanaka

    2007-01-01

    In public places, information can be accessed by its unauthorized users, while we are sometimes forced to access our unwanted\\u000a information unexpectedly. We have introduced the concept of Secure Spaces, physical environments where any information is\\u000a always protected from its unauthorized users, and have proposed a content-based entry control model and an architecture for\\u000a Secure Spaces which protect their contents’

  11. Information "Publics" and Equitable Access to Electronic Government Information: The Case of Agriculture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shill, Harold B.

    1992-01-01

    Argues that making agricultural information produced by the federal government in electronic formats available through private vendors may lead to inequitable access for its users and challenges the federal government's role in the dissemination of agricultural information. An information public for agricultural information is defined, and…

  12. Analysis on the Information Security Education for the Public Security Active Forces Academy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wu Chunying

    2010-01-01

    With the rapid development of information technology, the society is rapidly moving toward an information-based. The public security active forces' information construction greatly improves the work efficiency of the troops, while this challenges the public security active forces on the information security. Information security of the public security active forces is the basic construction project for the information construction of

  13. Newborn Screening Information Supports Public Health More than Informed Choice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hargreaves, Katrina; Stewart, Ruth; Oliver, Sandy

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To appraise information resources on newborn blood spot screening currently available for parents and health professionals internationally. Method: Health information on newborn blood spot screening was sourced internationally through the internet and, in the United Kingdom, through health service providers and support organisations. An…

  14. Public Attitudes Towards Ancillary Information Revealed by Pharmacogenetic Testing Under Limited Information Conditions

    PubMed Central

    O’Daniel, Julianne M.; Tindall, Genevieve M.; Lipkus, Isaac R.; Agans, Robert

    2011-01-01

    Purpose Pharmacogenetic (PGx) testing can inform drug dosing and selection by aiding in estimating a patient’s genetic risk of adverse response and/or failure to respond. Some PGx tests may generate ancillary clinical information unrelated to the drug treatment question for which testing is done – an informational “side effect.” We aimed to assess public interest and concerns about PGx tests and ancillary information. Methods We conducted a random-digit-dial phone survey of a sample of the U.S. public. Results We achieved an overall response rate of 42% (n=1,139). When the potential for ancillary information was presented, 85% (±2.82%) of respondents expressed interest in PGx testing, compared to 82% (±3.02%) prior to discussion of ancillary information. Most respondents (89%±2.27%) indicated that physicians should inform patients that a PGx test may reveal ancillary risk information before testing is ordered. Respondents’ interest in actually learning of the ancillary risk finding significantly differed based on disease severity, availability of an intervention, and test validity, even after adjusting for age, gender, education and race. Conclusion Under the limited information conditions presented in the survey, the potential of ancillary information does not negatively impact public interest in PGx testing. Interest in learning ancillary information is well-aligned with the public’s desire to be informed about potential benefits and risks prior to testing, promoting patient autonomy. PMID:21633294

  15. 76 FR 45281 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Admissions...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-28

    ...Information Collection to OMB; Public Housing Admissions/Occupancy Policies AGENCY: Office of the...Information Title of Proposal: Public Housing Admissions/Occupancy Policies. OMB Approval Number...and Its Proposed Use: Public Housing Agencies...

  16. 29 CFR 4901.4 - Information maintained in public reference room.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Federal Register indexes; (b) Information in PBGC publications. Copies of informational material, such as press releases, pamphlets, and other material ordinarily made available to the public without cost as part of a public...

  17. 42 CFR 401.135 - Release of Medicare information to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 2010-10-01 false Release of Medicare information to the public. 401.135...401.135 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF...Disclosure § 401.135 Release of Medicare information to the public. The...

  18. 42 CFR 401.135 - Release of Medicare information to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 false Release of Medicare information to the public. 401.135...401.135 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF...Disclosure § 401.135 Release of Medicare information to the public. The...

  19. 10 CFR 903.17 - Informal public meetings for minor rate adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Informal public meetings for minor rate adjustments...TRANSMISSION RATES Procedures for Public Participation in Power...Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.17 Informal public meetings for minor rate...

  20. 10 CFR 903.17 - Informal public meetings for minor rate adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Informal public meetings for minor rate adjustments...TRANSMISSION RATES Procedures for Public Participation in Power...Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.17 Informal public meetings for minor rate...

  1. 10 CFR 903.17 - Informal public meetings for minor rate adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Informal public meetings for minor rate adjustments...TRANSMISSION RATES Procedures for Public Participation in Power...Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.17 Informal public meetings for minor rate...

  2. 10 CFR 903.17 - Informal public meetings for minor rate adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Informal public meetings for minor rate adjustments...TRANSMISSION RATES Procedures for Public Participation in Power...Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.17 Informal public meetings for minor rate...

  3. 10 CFR 903.17 - Informal public meetings for minor rate adjustments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Informal public meetings for minor rate adjustments...TRANSMISSION RATES Procedures for Public Participation in Power...Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations § 903.17 Informal public meetings for minor rate...

  4. 32 CFR 700.1121 - Disclosure, publication and security of official information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Disclosure, publication and security of official information...Records § 700.1121 Disclosure, publication and security of official information...disclose by oral or written communications, publication, graphic (including...

  5. 77 FR 2743 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Choice Neighborhoods Evaluation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-19

    ...Information Collection for Public Comment: Choice Neighborhoods Evaluation...Department is soliciting public comments on the subject...the residents in the Choice Neighborhood sites...Members of the Affected Public: This information...

  6. 78 FR 37243 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests: Public Libraries Survey, FY 2014-2016

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-20

    ...Information Collection Requests: Public Libraries Survey, FY 2014-2016 AGENCY...concerning the continuance of the Public Libraries Survey for Fiscal Years 2014-2016...Public Law 107-279, this Public Libraries Survey collects annual...

  7. 75 FR 51853 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests: Public Libraries Survey, FY 2011-2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-23

    ...Information Collection Requests: Public Libraries Survey, FY 2011-2013 AGENCY...concerning the continuance of the Public Libraries Survey for Fiscal Years 2011-2013...Public Law 107-279, this Public Libraries Survey collects annual...

  8. Entering new publication territory in chemoinformatics and chemical information science

    PubMed Central

    Bajorath, Jürgen

    2015-01-01

    The F1000Research publishing platform offers the opportunity to launch themed article collections as a part of its dynamic publication environment. The idea of article collections is further expanded through the generation of publication channels that focus on specific scientific areas or disciplines. This editorial introduces the Chemical Information Science channel of F1000Research designed to collate high-quality publications and foster a culture of open peer review. Articles will be selected by guest editor(s) and a group of experts, the channel Editorial Board, and subjected to open peer review.

  9. Reputation, Certification, Warranties, and Information as Remedies for Seller-Buyer Information Asymmetries: Lessons from the Online Comic Book Market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michaël Dewally; Louis Ederington

    2006-01-01

    Signaling strategies that sellers of higher-quality products or securities employ to differentiate their products include (1) development of a reputation for quality, (2) third-party certification, (3) warranties, and (4) information disclosure. These signaling strategies are compared using data from the online auction market for classic comic books. This market's advantages include that (1) the information asymmetry is substantial, (2) good

  10. Information seeking and social support in online health communities: impact on patients' perceived empathy

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Objective Many healthcare organizations (HCOs) including Kaiser Permanente, Johns Hopkins, Cleveland Medical Center, and MD Anderson Cancer Center, provide access to online health communities as part of their overall patient support services. The key objective in establishing and running these online health communities is to offer empathic support to patients. Patients' perceived empathy is considered to be critical in patient recovery, specifically, by enhancing patient's compliance with treatment protocols and the pace of healing. Most online health communities are characterized by two main functions: informational support and social support. This study examines the relative impact of these two distinct functions—that is, as an information seeking forum and as a social support forum—on patients' perceived empathy in online health communities. Design This study tests the impact of two variables that reflect the above functions of online health communities—information seeking effectiveness and perceived social support—on perceived empathy. The model also incorporates the potential moderating effect of homophily on these relationships. Measurements A web-based survey was used to collect data from members of the online health communities provided by three major healthcare centers. A regression technique was used to analyze the data to test the hypotheses. Results The study finds that it is the information seeking effectiveness rather than the social support which affects patient's perceived empathy in online health communities run by HCOs. The results indicate that HCOs that provide online health communities for their patients need to focus more on developing tools that will make information seeking more effective and efficient. PMID:21486888

  11. Genetics Interfaces: Representing Science and Enacting Public Discourse in Online Spaces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michelle Sidler; Natasha Jones

    2008-01-01

    This article analyzes the Web interfaces of two well-known national civic action groups, both related to genetics research: the Genetic Alliance and the Innocence Project. These two sites are excellent examples of interface design and information retrieval, and they also attempt to translate complex science to the general public, even those traditionally most underrepresented and marginalized by the complexities of

  12. Online Disclosure of University Social Responsibility: A Comparative Study of Public and Private US Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garde Sánchez, Raquel; Rodríguez Bolívar, Manuel Pedro; López-Hernández, Antonio M.

    2013-01-01

    Public and private universities tasked with incorporating principles of social responsibility (SR) into their activities face the multiple challenges of addressing expectations of diverse stakeholders, establishing mechanisms for dialogue, and achieving greater information transparency. This article has two goals: first, to analyze whether SR has…

  13. Online Search Strategies of Educational Administrators for Determining the Credibility of Information Gleaned from a Website

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, James L.; Oladunjoye, Ganiyu T.; Rose, Dale

    2008-01-01

    Based on a survey of 158 educational leaders situated in public schools, the level of educational leadership, whether a school superintendent or a principal in a secondary, middle-school, or elementary school, was not a significant factor in operational online strategies utilized or benchmarks relied upon for determining the credibility of…

  14. Evaluation of online information sources on alien species in Europe: the need of harmonization and integration.

    PubMed

    Gatto, Francesca; Katsanevakis, Stelios; Vandekerkhove, Jochen; Zenetos, Argyro; Cardoso, Ana Cristina

    2013-06-01

    Europe is severely affected by alien invasions, which impact biodiversity, ecosystem services, economy, and human health. A large number of national, regional, and global online databases provide information on the distribution, pathways of introduction, and impacts of alien species. The sufficiency and efficiency of the current online information systems to assist the European policy on alien species was investigated by a comparative analysis of occurrence data across 43 online databases. Large differences among databases were found which are partially explained by variations in their taxonomical, environmental, and geographical scopes but also by the variable efforts for continuous updates and by inconsistencies on the definition of "alien" or "invasive" species. No single database covered all European environments, countries, and taxonomic groups. In many European countries national databases do not exist, which greatly affects the quality of reported information. To be operational and useful to scientists, managers, and policy makers, online information systems need to be regularly updated through continuous monitoring on a country or regional level. We propose the creation of a network of online interoperable web services through which information in distributed resources can be accessed, aggregated and then used for reporting and further analysis at different geographical and political scales, as an efficient approach to increase the accessibility of information. Harmonization, standardization, conformity on international standards for nomenclature, and agreement on common definitions of alien and invasive species are among the necessary prerequisites. PMID:23609303

  15. The New York State Library and the New York Public Library makes a wide variety of online resources available to New York State residents.

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    The New York State Library and the New York Public Library makes a wide variety of online resources://www.nysl.nysed.gov/elecres.htm.] New York Public Library To access databases from the New York Public Library, you must apply Available From Home logo . The New York Public Library also has extensive Digital Collections http

  16. Public information: a major tool in cancer prevention.

    PubMed

    Ziant, G

    1993-05-01

    The methodology for an information campaign is discussed, detailing follow up in five stages: (1) assessment of needs: a good knowledge of behaviour patterns and the kind of information needed is the basic element to create the concept of a campaign. A pre-survey is an indispensable tool to secure this information; (2) basic scientific information: communication to the public has to be based on precise and recent scientific data; (3) comprehension of the information: communicating with the general public should be through texts that are clear and accessible to the greater part of the population; (4) production of supporting documents: each element of the campaign has to produce an impact on the person receiving the message; and (5) evaluating the impact of an information campaign. An evaluation can check whether objectives have been reached, and also correct errors and help prepare the next campaign even more professionally. These five stages are essential to set up a successful information campaign. We also give examples from our magazines Cancer-info and Smoke Buster-info. Through information public opinion can be mobilized to influence political decisions in the public health sector. One evidence for the importance of collective influence on political decision makers is our campaign to promote the total ban on tobacco advertising. As large-scale information campaigns need important financial resources it is essential to balance the cost to generate sufficient funds to finance further projects in the health sector; we discuss this matter as well as the impact on the image of the association.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8490546

  17. PubMed on Tap: discovering design principles for online information delivery to handheld computers.

    PubMed

    Hauser, Susan E; Demner-Fushman, Dina; Ford, Glenn; Thoma, George R

    2004-01-01

    Online access to biomedical information from handheld computers will be a valuable adjunct to other popular medical applications if information delivery systems are designed with handheld computers in mind. The goal of this project is to discover design principles to facilitate practitioners' access to online medical information at the point-of-care. A prototype system was developed to serve as a testbed for this research. Using the testbed, an initial evaluation has yielded several user interface design principles. Continued research is expected to discover additional user interface design principles as well as guidelines for results organization and system performance PMID:15361051

  18. nature neuroscience advance online publication 1 The normal human retina contains a small rod-free zone, the

    E-print Network

    Wandell, Brian A.

    how human visual cor- tex reorganizes in response to abnormal visual experience. Their genetic defects­9. There is no evi- dence of any genetic abnormalities in monochromats that could directly alter cortical structurearticles nature neuroscience · advance online publication 1 The normal human retina contains

  19. Does the Sun Revolve Around the Earth? A Comparison between the General Public and On-line

    E-print Network

    Farid, Hany

    Respondents in Basic Scientific Knowledge Emily A. Coopera , Hany Faridb , a Department of Psychology literacy. We report that the on-line population performed substantially better on this standard assess to a large sample population for studying trends in public knowledge and attitudes, it is unclear how

  20. Online Information Services: You've Come a Long Way, Baby!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinhold, Fran; Vernot, Dave

    1987-01-01

    Describes four online information service packages developed for schools: (1) Dialog's Classroom Instruction Program; (2) Addison-Wesley's Einstein; (3) WNET's Learning Link; and (4) McGraw-Hill's Information Exchange (MIX). Databases offered in each service are described, as well as accompanying curriculum materials, and costs for the services…

  1. Plan for a Statewide On-Line Information System for Libraries (MnLINK).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul.

    The 1996 Legislature directed the Minnesota Higher Education Services Office (HESO), in cooperation with the Library Planning Task Force to, "create a plan and process to develop a statewide on-line information system for libraries"; this memo with attached information was submitted in fulfillment of that request. The name chosen for the new…

  2. A Tailored Approach to Identifying and Addressing College Students' Online Health Information Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banas, Jennifer

    2008-01-01

    Background: College students may fail to practice information literacy skills because they are unaware of their skill level or are not concerned with the risks. Purpose: In order to develop an effective message that motivates college students to learn online health information literacy skills, a better understanding of perceptions about such…

  3. Searching from the Heart: The Interplay between Emotions and Customization in Online Health Information Seeking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myrick, Jessica Gall

    2013-01-01

    The prospect of a threat to one's health or an opportunity for improved health can spark emotional reactions--the fear of an illness or the hope of a healthier life. People are increasingly turning to the Internet to search for information related to such health issues. However, the dizzying amount of online health information--some of it of…

  4. Understanding the Online Information-Seeking Behaviours of Young People: The Role of Networks of Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eynon, R.; Malmberg, L.-E.

    2012-01-01

    Information seeking is one of the most popular online activities for young people and can provide an additional information channel, which may enhance learning. In this study, we propose and test a model that adds to the existing literature by examining the ways in which parents, schools, and friends (what we call networks of support) effect young…

  5. Online to the Nation's Library: Kentucky's Experience with the Library of Congress Information System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAninch, Sandra; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Describes Kentucky libraries' participation in a pilot project allowing dial-up access to LOCIS (Library of Congress Information System). The two elements of LOCIS, SCORPIO (Subject-Content-Oriented-Retriever-for-Processing-Information Online) and MUMS (Multiple Use MARC System) are explained, and the use of LOCIS for reference, cataloging, and…

  6. Rethinking the Reference Interview--from Interpersonal Communication to Online Information Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giannini, Tula

    1999-01-01

    Compares the traditional model of the reference interview with a new model based on online information process. Findings offer new perspectives on the reference interview process and lend support to the adoption of a new reference model which shifts its venue from a person to person process, to one in which information itself provides the platform…

  7. A Citizen Empowered Online Platform for Communicating Climate Science to the General Public

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bourqui, Michel

    2014-05-01

    This presentation introduces a project, currently in development, of a new online platform for the interaction between climate scientists and citizen. It consists of an open-access, multi-lingual, and peer-reviewed journal publishing climate articles in non-scientific language. It follows three main long-term objectives. The first objective is to establish an ever-growing, multi-lingual library of climate articles providing a knowledge base on climate sciences accessible for free to everyone. The targeted public includes journalists, teachers, students, local actors (e.g. in politics, economy, agriculture), and any other citizen from around the world with an interest in climate sciences. The second goal is to offer a simple and direct channel for scientists wishing to disseminate their research to the general public. A high standard of climate articles is enforced through: a) requiring that the main author is an active climate scientist, and b) an innovative peer-review process involving scientific and non-scientific referees with distinct roles. The third objective is to engage citizen into the climate science. To this aim, the journal proposes three channels. Firstly, citizens are invited to contribute to the dissemination of climate knowledge to the general public by co-authoring, peer-reviewing or translating articles. Secondly, they are offered the capacity to stimulate scientific enquiry by posting invitations for manuscripts to be written on a citizen-inspired topic. Thirdly, a match-up tool is being developed for scientists to gather non-scientists teams for conducting citizen-involving research projects. This platform is scientist-initiated and is meant to be ruled and managed by the participating individuals themselves (scientists and non-scientists) as an international association. It will be financed through country-varying flat memberships. The project is now starting. The basic ideas are drawn; a prototype internet platform has been developed and is operational. In a first phase, climate scientists (and their friends!) are invited to jump in for free, submit climate articles and help design its development. Once an initial content is in place, the second phase will start consisting in an active promotion campaign to reach at the general public and enroll citizens. In this presentation, I will discuss the basic ideas behind this new online platform, its current state and the plans for the next future.

  8. infoscape: an online visual information landscape for collaborative design education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew Vande Moere

    2005-01-01

    infoscape is an online collaboration environment developed for an undergraduate digital image design course, aimed to facilitate intuitive transfers of creative ideas between students without explicitly making this the goal of the processes involved. Self-initiated design propagation acts as a strong motivation to create quality design work through a process of continuous self-evaluation, by encouraging students to negotiate with peers.

  9. Exploring the Myths about Online Education in Information Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Suprateek Sarker; Jennifer Nicholson

    2005-01-01

    Rapid proliferation of the Internet along with emerging social and economic imperatives are lead- ing institutions of higher-learning to offer a large variety of online courses\\/programs in different disciplines. As such education becomes increasingly pervasive and legitimate in society, there is a need to critically examine its merits and pitfalls as well as the underlying assumptions driving the justification, design,

  10. Online Reading Informs Classroom Instruction and Promotes Collaborative Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, L. Kate; Zyto, Sacha; Karger, David R.; Newman, Dina L.

    2013-01-01

    Web-based collaborative annotation tools can facilitate communication among students and their instructors through online reading and communication. Collaborative reading fosters peer interaction and is an innovative way to facilitate discussion and participation in larger enrollment courses. It can be especially powerful as it creates an…

  11. Using an evidence informed approach to create online learning resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    FRANCES TRACY; KATY JORDAN; KEITH JOHNSTONE; PATRICK CARMICHAEL

    The Plant Sciences Pedagogy Project began in the autumn of 2005 sponsored by the Cambridge-MIT Institute (CMI). The project objectives within the Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Cambridge were twofold: to conduct research into undergraduate teaching and learning within the Department; and to develop online resources to support student learning. The research focused on the second year

  12. Information incorporation in online in-Game sports betting markets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sandip Debnath; David M. Pennock; C. Lee Giles; Steve Lawrence

    2003-01-01

    We analyze data from $52$ online in-game sports betting markets (where betting is allowed continuously throughout a game), including 34 markets based on soccer (European football) games from the 2002 World Cup, and 18 basketball games from the 2002 USA National Basketball Association (NBA) championship. We show that prices on average approach the correct outcome over time, and the price

  13. Seeking Health Information Online: Association With Young Australian Women’s Physical, Mental, and Reproductive Health

    PubMed Central

    Loxton, Deborah; Dobson, Annette; Mishra, Gita Devi

    2015-01-01

    Background Relatively little is known about the extent to which young adults use the Internet as a health information resource and whether there are factors that distinguish between those who do and do not go online for health information. Objective The aim was to identify the sociodemographic, physical, mental, and reproductive health factors associated with young women’s use of the Internet for health information. Methods We used data from 17,069 young women aged 18-23 years who participated in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the association between sociodemographic, physical, mental, and reproductive health factors associated with searching the Internet for health information. Results Overall, 43.54% (7433/17,069) of women used the Internet for health information. Women who used the Internet had higher odds of regular urinary or bowel symptoms (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.36-1.54), psychological distress (very high distress: OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.13-1.37), self-reported mental health diagnoses (OR 1.16, 95% CI 1.09-1.23), and menstrual symptoms (OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.15-1.36) than women who did not use the Internet for health information. Internet users were less likely to have had blood pressure checks (OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.78-0.93) and skin cancer checks (OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.84-0.97) and to have had a live birth (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.64-0.86) or pregnancy loss (OR 0.88, 95% CI 0.79-0.98) than non-Internet users. Conclusions Women experiencing “stigmatized” conditions or symptoms were more likely to search the Internet for health information. The Internet may be an acceptable resource that offers “anonymized” information or support to young women and this has important implications for health service providers and public health policy. PMID:25986630

  14. Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center Print Publications

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This website from the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Center provides a list of print publications from the ICT Center Delmar Learning Series, created by Delmar Learning and the ICT Center. Titles include Introduction to Telecommunications Networks, Basic Telecommunications: The Physical Layer, Fiber Optic Communications and Network Security. The listings for each book include links to information and sample chapters on Delmar Learning's website, as well as links to order the titles on Amazon.com.

  15. 7 CFR 1206.52 - Patents, copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product formulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...copyrights, trademarks, information, publications, and product... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS...PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions...

  16. Students' Scientific Epistemic Beliefs, Online Evaluative Standards, and Online Searching Strategies for Science Information: The Moderating Role of Cognitive Load Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsieh, Ya-Hui; Tsai, Chin-Chung

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the moderating role of cognitive load experience between students' scientific epistemic beliefs and information commitments, which refer to online evaluative standards and online searching strategies. A total of 344 science-related major students participated in this study. Three questionnaires were…

  17. 26 CFR 301.6104(a)-5 - Withholding of certain information from public inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false Withholding of certain information from public inspection. 301.6104...ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records ...6104(a)-5 Withholding of certain information from public inspection. (a)...

  18. 26 CFR 301.6104(a)-5 - Withholding of certain information from public inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Withholding of certain information from public inspection. 301.6104...ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records ...6104(a)-5 Withholding of certain information from public inspection. (a)...

  19. An analysis of online health information on schizophrenia or related conditions: a cross-sectional survey

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Around 20% of those who seek health information online, search specifically for mental health. However, little is known about the nature of the online health information offered by two European countries, Finland and Greece, which are characterized by markedly differing levels of Internet access and online health information seeking. This study aims to assess, describe and compare websites, written in two European, non-English languages (Finnish and Greek) that appear first after performing an online search concerning schizophrenia or related conditions. Methods The first 20 results from four search terms (searched in Finnish and Greek) in the Web search engine ‘Google’ were screened. A total of 160 websites were retrieved (80 Finnish, 80 Greek) and evaluated using a preformulated coding system which consisted of websites’ indicators, such as: types, characteristics, accountability, interactivity, aesthetics and content. Differences between websites were evaluated with Chi-Square or Fisher’s Exact tests for categorical data and independent t-tests for parametric data. Results Twenty-four Finnish and thirty-four Greek websites (36% in total) were included. Almost two-thirds (62%, n=36) were owned by an organization, compared to 17% (n=10) by an individual. In both countries, aesthetics had the highest score (possible range 0–4, mean = 2.6, SD = .62), while interactivity the lowest (range 0–5, mean = 1.79, SD = .87). There were no statistically significant differences among the accountability, interactivity and aesthetics scores of the Finnish and Greek websites. Conclusions All assessed indicators suggest there is a need to improve Finnish and Greek online information about schizophrenia or related conditions. The poor website interactivity is of particular concern given the challenges faced by the target group. The findings can be used to guide the development and dissemination of online mental health information aimed at Finnish and Greek online health-seekers. PMID:23992448

  20. Mission-Driven Priorities: Public Health in Health Information Exchange

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barry Nangle; Wu Xu; David N. Sundwall

    Developing state- and nationwide health information exchange (HIE) is one of the health priorities defined in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. States are expected to take leadership in statewide planning and implementation. To balance limited resources among mandated responsibilities and emerging HIE accountability, we maintain that state public health practitioners must integrate HIE into our mission- driven practice in

  1. Public Education Information Management System Data Standards, 2001-2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    The submission of Public Education Information Management System (PEIMS) data is required of all Texas school districts. The "Data Standards" document provides instructions regarding the submission of PEIMS data from school districts to the Texas Education Agency. The 2001-2002 standards describe the PEIMS data reporting requirement and provide…

  2. Building an Information Ecosystem for Public Transport in Rural Areas

    E-print Network

    Edwards, Pete

    Building an Information Ecosystem for Public Transport in Rural Areas Peter Edwards, David Corsar, John Nelson, Nagendra Velaga, Mark Beecroft, Jeff Pan, Somayajulu Sripada dot.rural Digital Economy Hub transport users; however, in many rural areas, for various reasons, such sys- tems do not exist. As part

  3. Road Traffic Congestion and Public Information: An Experimental Investigation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anthony Ziegelmeyer; Laurent Denant-Boèmont; Frédéric Koessler

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports two laboratory studies designed to study the impact of public information about past departure rates on congestion levels and travel costs. Our experimental design is based on a discrete version of Arnott, de Palma, and Lindsey’s (1990) bottleneck model where subjects have to choose their departure time in order to reach a common destination. Experimental treatments in

  4. Movies, Open Mic, Social Media, and More: Public Information Events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramsayer, Kate

    2013-01-01

    From a standing-room-only screening of Chasing Ice to a day of science communication workshops to new events such as Open Mic Night and AGU Cinema, AGU's Public Information office presented a range of events at this year's Fall Meeting, all designed to encourage and highlight ways that Earth and space scientists can share their research.

  5. The notification collage: posting information to public and personal displays

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Saul Greenberg; Michael Rounding

    2001-01-01

    The Notification Collage (NC) is a groupware system where distributed and co-located colleagues comprising a small community post media elements onto a real-time collaborative surface that all members can see. Akin to collages of information found on public bulletin boards, NC randomly places incoming elements onto this surface. People can post assorted media: live video from desktop cameras; editable sticky

  6. Public Information and Abnormal Returns in Real Estate Investment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George W. Gau

    1985-01-01

    This study performs empirical tests of the semistrong form efficiency of a real estate investment market. An asset pricing model is utilized to estimate the abnormal returns resulting from two types of public information, major changes in government tax shelter and rent control policies as well as unanticipated changes in interest rates. In both cases the results find an absence

  7. Librarianship and Public Culture in the Age of Information Capitalism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanke, Henry T.

    1996-01-01

    Contends that an entrepreneurial model of librarianship contradicts traditional ideals of free and equal access to information and argues that such a model threatens the future of the library as a vital public sphere of democratic culture. Discusses broad trends of advanced capitalism to provide a context for the critical interpretation of issues…

  8. Research and Publication Patterns in Library and Information Science

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. O. Aina; N. P. Mooko

    1999-01-01

    The research and publication patterns of thirty-four topranking researchers in library and information science (LIS) in Africa were surveyed. The researchers produced 294 papers during the 1990–1995 period which were considered for this study. The findings reveal that majority of the researchers were from universities and were based mainly in Nigeria and South Africa. The principal research centres, however, were

  9. Information Literacy Training in Public Libraries: A Case from Canada

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lai, Horng-Ji

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the current state of information literacy (IL) training and to identify the strategies and methods used by Canadian public libraries in improving IL skills for their staff and patrons. Also, the study sought to identify problems associated with the development of IL training. This study employed document…

  10. Information for rural development: challenge for Nigerian rural public libraries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rose Bini Okiy

    2003-01-01

    Nigeria is a developing country where the majority of the population live in rural areas. The majority of these rural dwellers are either non-literate or semi-literate. The need to involve them in the national development process cannot be overemphasized. This can be achieved through the identification of the information needs of rural dwellers and the provision of innovative rural public

  11. Drunk Driving Public Information Program Strategies and Planning Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    This guide, designed to accompany a videocassette of selected television spots is a compendium of specific drunk driving topics and issues for each of the major planning steps of a public information program. The guide is organized around these steps, which are (1) select program strategies, (2) select target audiences, (3) select media channels,…

  12. Virtual Seminar in Geographic Information Science: Public Participation GIS

    E-print Network

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    1 GEO 599 Virtual Seminar in Geographic Information Science: Public Participation GIS Fall 2007: Are you interested in community-based GIS, GIS for citizen involvement, conservation GIS with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and citizen groups? Grassroots GIS? Issues of empowerment and marginalization where GIS

  13. Master of Professional Studies in Information Sciences The 33-credit Master of Professional Studies in Information Sciences (MPS in IS) online degree program is designed

    E-print Network

    Squicciarini, Anna Cinzia

    and assurance. Online Degrees and Certificates College of Information Sciences and Technology Graduate StudiesMaster of Professional Studies in Information Sciences The 33-credit Master of Professional Studies in Information Sciences (MPS in IS) online degree program is designed for professionals and organizational

  14. Evidence of Communication among Public Librarians and Library and Information Science Educators in Public Library Journal Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Fleet, Connie

    1993-01-01

    Describes a citation analysis of public library journal articles which shows that the public library literature functions as an interactive communication system between public librarians and library and information science educators. Prior research on communication in public librarianship, the role of journals, authorship, and citation patterns is…

  15. [The role of information in public health decision-making].

    PubMed

    Cecchi, Catherine

    2008-01-01

    Public health, prevention, health education and health promotion are inseparable from the concepts of information and communication. Information should respond as much as possible to the needs of professionals, decision-makers, and consumers who are more and more concerned and conscious of its importance in light of "information overload", various dissemination channels and the multiplicity of its sources. There are numerous issues at stake ranging from comprehension, to the validation of health information, health education, health promotion, prevention, decision-making, as well as issues related to knowledge and power. Irrespective of the type of choice to be made, the need for information, knowledge, and know-how is inseparable from that of other tools or regulatory measures required for decision-making. Information is the same as competence, epidemiological and population data, health data, scientific opinion, and expert conferences--all are needed to assist in decision-making. Based on the principle of precaution, information must increasingly take into account the rejection of a society which often reasons on the basis of a presumption of zero-risk, in an idealistic manner, and which also excludes the possibility of new risks. The consumer positions himself as the regulator of decisions, specifically those with regard to the notion of acceptable level of risk. All of the actors involved in the health system are or become at one moment or another public health decision-makers. Their decision might be based either on an analytical approach, or on an intuitive approach. Although the act of decision-making is the least visible part of public health policy, it is certainly the driving force. This process should integrate the perspective of all of the relevant players, including consumers, who are currently situated more and more frequently at the heart of the health system. Public health decision-making is conducted as a function of political, strategic and environmental issues; of lobbies and their power; and of social maturation. Decision-making is a necessity. Making the right choice at the right time requires high quality information, and it is often necessary to respect a certain amount of time for reflection and ripening of an issue in order to make the best possible decision. The media and consumers play an increasingly significant role in public health decision-making and in the ensuing legislative consequences and debates which come as a result. Access to information is changing, especially thanks to the Internet which is completely modifying the global scenery of knowledge and know-how. Information supports decision-making with calculated risk, and it offers the opportunity to make choices and decisions, recognising that "to choose, is sometimes to relinquish". PMID:19014090

  16. 36 CFR 1120.6 - Information in A&TBCB publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Information in A&TBCB publications. 1120.6 Section 1120.6 ...1120.6 Information in A&TBCB publications. (a) General. Copies...general public. Copies of informational publications of the A&TBCB which may be...

  17. Helping the public find information the U.S. Government Information Locator Service (GILS)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Christian, E.J.

    1994-01-01

    As part of the National Information Infrastructure, the U.S. federal government is establishing a Government Information Locator Service (GILS). GILS will identify and describe public information resources throughout the federal government and provide assistance in obtaining the information. It will be decentralized and will supplement other agency and commercial information dissemination mechanisms. The public will use GILS directly or through intermediaries, including the Government Printing Office and the National Technical Information Service, as well as federal depository libraries, other public libraries, and private sector information services. Direct users will have access to a GILS Core accessible on the Internet without charge. Intermediate access may include kiosks, 800 numbers, electronic mail, bulletin boards, FAX, and offline media such as floppy disks, CD-ROM, and printed works. GILS will use network technology and the American National Standards Institute Z39.50 standard for information search and retrieval so that information can be retrieved in a variety of ways. Direct users may have access to many other major federal and nonfederal information resources, linkages to data systems, and electronic delivery of information products. An Office of Management and Budget Bulletin in 1994 will provide implementing guidance to agencies. The National Institute of Standards and Technology will also establish a Federal Information Processing Standard specifying a GILS Profile and its application for agencies establishing information locators. ?? 1994.

  18. Public Goods, Private Data: HIV and the History, Ethics, and Uses of Identifiable Public Health Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amy L. Fairchild; Ronald Bayer; Patricia Sweeney; Robert S. Janssen

    2007-01-01

    b d Public health departments collect a vast array of identifiable information in the course of mandatory reporting efforts and other surveillance activities. These undertakings span a range of conditions from infectious threats and chronic diseases including cancer, to immunization status and birth defects. Advocates for expanded surveillance extended the practice to occupational diseases and, most ambitiously, to profiles of

  19. Writer's Guide to Publication Development. How to Get Your Publication into an Information Retrieval System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jezierski, Kathleen

    This handbook is a set of guidelines to assist authors in preparing publications to meet two sets of criteria: requirements of federal and state government sponsors and requirements of information retrieval systems. The guidelines include both a set of written instructions and a physical model, and are sufficiently flexible to apply to research…

  20. 76 FR 1137 - Publicly Available Consumer Product Safety Information Database: Notice of Public Web Conferences

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-07

    The Consumer Product Safety Commission (``Commission,'' ``CPSC,'' or ``we'') is announcing two Web conferences to demonstrate to interested stakeholders the incident reporting form, industry registration and comment features, and the search function of the publicly available consumer product safety information database (``Database''). The Web conferences will be webcast live from the Commission's......

  1. Request to Withhold Student Directory Information and/or the Public Posting of I request that my Student Directory Information be withheld from publication or release. I

    E-print Network

    Oklahoma, University of

    Request to Withhold Student Directory Information and/or the Public Posting of Grades I request that my Student Directory Information be withheld from publication or release. I have read the Procedures that the University can release without the student's authorization. This information is called Directory Information

  2. 77 FR 5524 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Agency (PHA) 5-Year...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-03

    ...HUD-50077-SM-HP, HUD-50077-CR, HUD-50077-SL. Members of the Affected Public: Local, Regional and State Body Corporate Politic Public Housing Agencies (PHAs) Governments. Estimation of the total number of hours needed to prepare the information...

  3. Information Communities: Characteristics Gleaned from Studies of Three Online Networks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Karen E.; Durrance, Joan C.; Unruh, Kenton T.

    2003-01-01

    Using data from a two-year study of three community networks, five defining characteristics of effective information communities are described: emphasis on collaboration among diverse information providers; capacity to form around people's needs to access and use information; capacity to exploit information sharing qualities of emerging…

  4. Using Information Expertise to Enhance Massive Open Online Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahraj, Katy

    2012-01-01

    It is a truth not yet universally acknowledged that a venture based on information must be in want of a librarian. Librarians offer expertise in organizing and managing information, clarifying and supporting people's information needs, and enhancing people's information literacy skills. There are innumerable endeavors today in education, health,…

  5. Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS) Publications

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    California Department of Health Services, Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS) Publications, Occupational Health Branch (OHB). HESIS offers California workers, employers, and health professionals up-to-date practical answers to questions about the health effects of workplace hazards. HESIS publications are available free of charge in limited quantities and may be reproduced for free distribution. You can read or download most of them here, You can read or download most of them here, or order printed copies by calling (866) 627-1586 or using the form on the webpage.

  6. Online, Inc.

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Online, Inc. site contains selections from four magazines including Online, Database, CD-ROM Professional, and MultiMedia Schools. Tables of contents, selected articles, columns, and indexes are available for these Online, Inc. magazines. General information about subscribing to and writing for these magazines is also included. Registration and program information for the Online CD-ROM Conference and Exposition, and other events sponsored by Online, Inc., is also available.

  7. Proceedings of the Southern African Online Information Meeting (2nd, Pretoria, South Africa, June 2-4, 1993).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Summit, Roger K.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Presents 19 papers from the Second Southern African Online Information Meeting. The articles are based on practical experience with or applications of information technology, including hypermedia and multimedia, CD-ROM, electronic publishing, network services and gateways, user interfaces, and online searching and software. Contains 83 references…

  8. Extracting Patient Demographics and Personal Medical Information from Online Health Forums

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Yang; Xu, Songhua; Yoon, Hong-Jun; Tourassi, Georgia

    2014-01-01

    Natural language processing has been successfully leveraged to extract patient information from unstructured clinical text. However the majority of the existing work targets at obtaining a specific category of clinical information through individual efforts. In the midst of the Health 2.0 wave, online health forums increasingly host abundant and diverse health-related information regarding the demographics and medical information of patients who are either actively participating in or passively reported at these forums. The potential categories of such information span a wide spectrum, whose extraction requires a systematic and comprehensive approach beyond the traditional isolated efforts that specialize in harvesting information of single categories. In this paper, we develop a new integrated biomedical NLP pipeline that automatically extracts a comprehensive set of patient demographics and medical information from online health forums. The pipeline can be adopted to construct structured personal health profiles from unstructured user-contributed content on eHealth social media sites. This paper describes key aspects of the pipeline as well as reports experimental results that show the system’s satisfactory performance in accomplishing a series of NLP tasks of extracting patient information from online health forums. PMID:25954455

  9. On-Line Acoustic and Semantic Interpretation of Talker Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Creel, Sarah C.; Tumlin, Melanie A.

    2011-01-01

    Recent work demonstrates that listeners utilize talker-specific information in the speech signal to inform real-time language processing. However, there are multiple representational levels at which this may take place. Listeners might use acoustic cues in the speech signal to access the talker's identity and information about what they tend to…

  10. PRWeb ebooks -Another online visibility tool from PRWeb UMBC Training Centers and Professional Publication Incorporated (PPI)

    E-print Network

    Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

    PRWeb ebooks - Another online visibility tool from PRWeb UMBC Training Centers and Professional disclaimer appears here - PRWeb ebooks - Another online visibility tool from PRWeb 443.543.5459 kskinner the company listed in the press release. Our complete disclaimer appears here - PRWeb ebooks - Another online

  11. EIA publication manual: Fourth edition. [Energy information manuals

    SciTech Connect

    Neef, C.A.

    1988-01-01

    This is the fourth edition of the Publications Manual. It was written to help the staff of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) who are involved in the production process to create and format uniform publications that not only provide information, but readily identify the agency. The manual reflects the substantial changes that have taken place to streamline methods of producing EIA publications over the past few years. Whereas the first edition, in 1979, was written for writers and typists which struggled with producing reports on manual typewriters, this report now reflects the increased use of automation in preparing most EIA publications. EIA has a fully automated photocomposition publishing system. Many of the style features discussed in this manual are automatically produced using EPIC/ICEF2. The need for format sheets and illustrations produced by graphic artists has been significantly reduced. However, the basic style has changed very little. EIA style continues to be based on the Government Printing Office Style Manual with some deviations tailored specifically for EIA.

  12. 76 FR 25695 - Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Messaging Guide for Syndromic Surveillance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-05

    ...Docket No. CDC-2011-0004] Public Health Information Network (PHIN) Messaging...comments to the following address: Public Health Informatics and Technology Program...for a representative from the Public Health Informatics and Technology...

  13. 77 FR 35683 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Public Health...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-14

    ...Collection; Comment Request; Public Health Service Guideline on Infectious...of information contained in the Public Health Service (PHS) guideline entitled...guideline is intended to address public health issues raised by...

  14. 76 FR 32367 - Agency Information Collection Activities, Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Integrated Public...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-06

    ...Collection; Comment Request; Integrated Public Alert and Warning Systems (IPAWS) Inventory...information collection concerning public alert and warning systems at the Federal, State...evaluation and assessment of existing public alert and warning resources and their...

  15. 77 FR 1946 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, Public...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-12

    ...Request, Public Assistance Customer Satisfaction Survey AGENCY: Federal Emergency...Title: Public Assistance Customer Satisfaction Survey. Type of information...519-0-1 T, Public Assistance Customer Satisfaction Survey (Telephone);...

  16. 36 CFR 1120.6 - Information in A&TBCB publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ...Section 1120.6 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ...paragraph. (b) Published indexes. The informational publications...the A&TBCB may include indexes to materials published...

  17. 36 CFR 1120.6 - Information in A&TBCB publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ...Section 1120.6 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ...paragraph. (b) Published indexes. The informational publications...the A&TBCB may include indexes to materials published...

  18. 36 CFR 1120.6 - Information in A&TBCB publications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ...Section 1120.6 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ...paragraph. (b) Published indexes. The informational publications...the A&TBCB may include indexes to materials published...

  19. 42 CFR 4.8 - Publication of the Library and information about the Library.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Publication of the Library and information about the Library. 4.8 Section 4.8 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.8...

  20. 42 CFR 4.8 - Publication of the Library and information about the Library.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Publication of the Library and information about the Library. 4.8 Section 4.8 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.8...

  1. 42 CFR 4.8 - Publication of the Library and information about the Library.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Publication of the Library and information about the Library. 4.8 Section 4.8 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.8...

  2. 42 CFR 4.8 - Publication of the Library and information about the Library.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Publication of the Library and information about the Library. 4.8 Section 4.8 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.8...

  3. 42 CFR 4.8 - Publication of the Library and information about the Library.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Publication of the Library and information about the Library. 4.8 Section 4.8 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.8...

  4. Online Maps and Data

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    From the California Geological Survey, the Online Maps and Data site contains information focused on natural hazards. Topics include minerals, earthquakes, and landslide and erosion hazards. The site also includes the General Location Guide for Ultramafic Rocks in California. The site also has links to a publications page and a new interactive mapping program called the Seismic Hazards Mapping Web page.

  5. Chainguard - Online: Bicycle Advocacy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Chainguard online is a site devoted to bicycle advocacy information. It is dedicated to "increasing bicycle advocacy publicity and locating and uniting cycle advocates." It links to other major bicycle advocacy pages sorted by geographic area, as well as to conferences, an article on the top ten bicycle commuting cities, and Internet Backroads, a list of cycling mailing lists and Usenet news groups.

  6. Participatory Learning through Behavioral and Cognitive Engagements in an Online Collective Information Searching Activity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Chia-Ching; Tsai, Chin-Chung

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the relationships between college students' behavioral and cognitive engagements while performing an online collective information searching (CIS) activity. The activity aimed to assist the students in utilizing a social bookmarking application to exploit the Internet in a collective manner. A group of 101 college…

  7. Information Security n Email n NetID n Online Services n Wireless & Wired Networks n

    E-print Network

    Mather, Patrick T.

    Information Security n Email n NetID n Online Services n Wireless & Wired Networks n Classroom. This network is not secured by any sort of encryption­proceed at your own risk! Guest access can be self-wide wireless network. Whether you're here just for the day or for a longer period, by yourself or with a group

  8. Understanding the Online Informal Learning of English as a Complex Dynamic System: An Emic Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sockett, Geoffrey

    2013-01-01

    Research into the online informal learning of English has already shown it to be a widespread phenomenon involving a range of comprehension and production activities such as viewing original version television series, listening to music on demand and social networking with other English users. Dynamic systems theory provides a suitable framework…

  9. Learning Objects as Tools for Teaching Information Literacy Online: A Survey of Librarian Usage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mestre, Lori S.; Baures, Lisa; Niedbala, Mona; Bishop, Corinne; Cantrell, Sarah; Perez, Alice; Silfen, Kate

    2011-01-01

    Based on information gathered from two discussion sessions moderated by members of the Education and Behavioral Sciences Section's Online Learning Research Committee a survey was conducted to identify how librarians use course/learning management systems and learning objects to deliver instruction. Objectives of the study were to identify the…

  10. Developing Adaptable Online Information Literacy Modules for a Learning Management System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mune, Christina; Goldman, Crystal; Higgins, Silke; Eby, Laurel; Chan, Emily K.; Crotty, Linda

    2015-01-01

    Higher education institutions increasingly utilize learning management systems (LMS) to teach courses and programs in hybrid or online-only formats. Providing information literacy instruction in these emerging digital environments poses challenges to librarians as the delivery of instruction requires familiarity with navigating an LMS and…

  11. Original paper Determinants of the frequency of online health information seeking: results of a Web-

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    seeking between men, women, the general population and people who work in the health sector. Health status health management and health-care utilization for health-care professionals and patients. The proportionOriginal paper Determinants of the frequency of online health information seeking: results of a Web

  12. An Empirical Study of Pricing Strategies in an Online Market with High-Frequency Price Information

    E-print Network

    Lotko, William

    An Empirical Study of Pricing Strategies in an Online Market with High-Frequency Price Information were able to adjust prices continuously and prices determined how the firms were ranked and listed (lowest price listed first), with better ranks contributing to firms' sales. Using a year's worth

  13. User's Guide to SCORPIO (Subject-Content Oriented Retriever for Processing Information Online).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Information Systems Office.

    SCORPIO (Subject Content-Oriented Retriever for Processing Information On-line), a set of computer programs developed by the Library of Congress for use by the Library Library's staff, is described. Intended as a users guide for those not trained in data processing, this document presents the system's general characteristics together with a…

  14. Supporting online information for: Climate Change Impact of Biochar Cook Stoves in Western Kenyan

    E-print Network

    Lehmann, Johannes

    S1 Supporting online information for: Climate Change Impact of Biochar Cook Stoves in Western of the crop's response to biochar application is based on the age of the farm and the total biochar (1) where YA,BC is crop yield in t dry grain/ha for a farm at a given age (A) and soil biochar

  15. The Arabic Online Commentary Dataset: an Annotated Dataset of Informal Arabic with High Dialectal Content

    E-print Network

    Callison-Burch, Chris

    The Arabic Online Commentary Dataset: an Annotated Dataset of Informal Arabic with High Dialectal Baltimore, MD 21218, USA {ozaidan,ccb}@cs.jhu.edu Abstract The written form of Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic (MSA), differs quite a bit from the spoken dialects of Arabic, which are the true "native

  16. Examining the Relationship between Online Travel Agency Information and Traveler Destination Transaction Decisions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yerby, Dennis

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the role that available Online Travel Agency (OTA) destination information may have on a traveler's perceptions and intent in transaction decisions with that respective OTA. Specifically, this research examined a pleasure traveler's transaction perceptions and intentions with an OTA…

  17. Information Technologies, Social Change and the FutureThe Case of Online Journalism in Portugal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helena Sousa

    2006-01-01

    The main objective of this article is to equate social change and new information and communication technologies (ICTs). From a multitude of theoretical entry points, the author decided to outline the key concept of time and to discuss its explanatory possibilities in a specific context: the development of online journalism in Portugal over the last decade. She takes the view

  18. Information Leakage through Online Social Networking: Opening the Doorway for Advanced Persistence Threats

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nurul Nuha Abdul Molok; Shanton Chang; Atif Ahmad

    2010-01-01

    The explosion of online social networking (OSN) in recent years has caused damages to organisations due to leakage of information by their employees. Employees’ social networking behaviour, whether accidental or intentional, provides an opportunity for advanced persistent threats (APT) attackers to realise their social engineering techniques and undetectable zero-day exploits. APT attackers use a spear-phishing method that targeted on key

  19. Virtual Commencement Rehearsal An online resource for students: providing important information

    E-print Network

    Thaxton, Christopher S.

    Virtual Commencement Rehearsal An online resource for students: providing important information can recognize your hard work and success. 2 #12;About the Virtual Commencement Rehearsal To ensure, this Virtual Rehearsal has been created as a resource to provide details about the ceremony. In particular, you

  20. The Distribution of Online Healthcare Information: A Case Study on Melanoma

    E-print Network

    Bhavnani, Suresh K.

    The Distribution of Online Healthcare Information: A Case Study on Melanoma Suresh K. Bhavnani of melanoma risk and prevention. A second inter-rater experiment analyzed how those facts were distributed to melanoma risk and prevention. The high inter-rater agreement enabled our research team to identify a set

  1. Measuring Malaysia School Resource Centers' Standards through iQ-PSS: An Online Management Information System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zainudin, Fadzliaton; Ismail, Kamarulzaman

    2010-01-01

    The Ministry of Education has come up with an innovative way to monitor the progress of 9,843 School Resource Centers (SRCs) using an online management information system called iQ-PSS (Quality Index of SRC). This paper aims to describe the data collection method and analyze the current state of SRCs in Malaysia and explain how the results can be…

  2. QUALITY VS. PREFERENCE: THE IMPACT OF ONLINE PRODUCT INFORMATION ON CUSTOMERS' PURCHASE INTENTION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jung Lee; Jae-Nam Lee

    This paper examines the manner by which online product information is able to change customers' purchase intentions using theoretical and methodological specifications. For theorizing, we adopted the subjectivity\\/objectivity dichotomy at the epistemological level to propose quality and preferences as product evaluation criteria which determine the customers' purchase intention. In validation, we conducted a marginal analysis to eliminate confounding effects from

  3. On-line Information Services in the University of Hong Kong Libraries: Three Years' Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tso, P. S.

    1984-01-01

    Reports results of user survey complemented by personal discussions organized to ascertain users' satisfaction with and impact of On-line Information Service (OLIS) introduced by University of Hong Kong Libraries in January 1980. Subject searches, relevance of citations, and costs are discussed. The questionnaire and OLIS requests form are…

  4. Searching for Information On-Line and Off-Line: Gender Differences among Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roy, Marguerite; Taylor, Roger; Chi, Michelene T. H.

    2003-01-01

    There has been a national call for increased use of computers and technology in schools. Currently, however, little is known about how students use and learn from these new technologies. This study examines how students search for, browse, and learn specific information when performing an on-line (Web) versus an off-line (Library) search.…

  5. English Collocation Learning through Corpus Data: On-Line Concordance and Statistical Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohtake, Hiroshi; Fujita, Nobuyuki; Kawamoto, Takeshi; Morren, Brian; Ugawa, Yoshihiro; Kaneko, Shuji

    2012-01-01

    We developed an English Collocations On Demand system offering on-line corpus and concordance information to help Japanese researchers acquire a better command of English collocation patterns. The Life Science Dictionary Corpus consists of approximately 90,000,000 words collected from life science related research papers published in academic…

  6. Online Health Information (OHI) Utilization among Selected Worksite Employees in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hou, Su-I; Hsiao, Tun-Jen; Hou, Peng-Hsi

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This study compared Internet and online health information (OHI) utilization among selected employees age 40-49 and 50-64 years, and examined the influence of age, gender, education, and worksite. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to participants from two worksites in Taiwan. Results: A total of 527 employees completed the survey…

  7. On the Summarization of Dynamically Introduced Information: Online Discussions and Blogs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liang Zhou; Eduard Hovy

    In this paper we describe computational approaches to summarizing dynamically introduced information: online discussions and blogs, and their evaluations. Research in the past has been mainly focused on text-based summarization where the input data is predominantly newswire data. When branching into these newly emerged data types, we face number of difficulties that are discussed here.

  8. Design Features of On-Line Anatomy Information Resources: A Comparison with the Digital Anatomist

    E-print Network

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    . In addition to videodisks and CD-ROMs, hundreds of anatomy web sites present Visible Human and other1 Design Features of On-Line Anatomy Information Resources: A Comparison with the Digital Anatomist for learning and teaching anatomy as medical students, and have also examined available anatomy web sites

  9. 17 CFR 37.900 - Core Principle 9-Timely publication of trading information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Core Principle 9-Timely publication of trading information. 37.900 Section 37...Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION SWAP EXECUTION FACILITIES Timely Publication of Trading Information § 37.900 Core...

  10. 77 FR 30306 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Hispanic Serving Institutions...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-22

    ...Collection for Public Comment: Hispanic Serving Institutions Assisting...information: Title of Proposal: Hispanic Serving Institutions Assisting...Affected Public: Nonprofit Hispanic-Serving Institutions...response: Information pursuant to grant award will be submitted...

  11. 47 CFR 64.707 - Public dissemination of information by providers of operator services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Public dissemination of information by providers of operator services. 64.707 Section...Companies; Telephone Operator Services § 64.707 Public dissemination of information by providers of operator services. Providers of...

  12. Teaming Up with Girl Scouts for Online Nutrition Information.

    PubMed

    Pullen, Kimberly; Tucker, Betty; Tarver, Talicia

    2013-01-01

    Three librarians at LSU Health Shreveport partnered with staff members at the Shreveport service center staff of the Girl Scouts of Louisiana - Pines to the Gulf to teach girls about nutrition. The librarians provided instruction to the staff on healthelinks, MedlinePlus, and the other National Library of Medicine databases. They worked with the staff to incorporate these online resources into the nutrition curriculum for the Girl Scout leaders to use with their troops. They also provided two laptop computers, promotional items, and teaching aids. The program was repeated in the summer for week-long day camps designed to introduce girls to Scouting. The librarians had the opportunity to work directly with over one hundred girls at these camps to introduce them to authoritative, age-appropriate web sites on nutrition. PMID:24223515

  13. Graduate Student Attitudes toward Different Instructional Approaches within Face-to-Face, Online, and Blended Learning Environments in a Public Four-Year Institution of Higher Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rotich, Philip

    2013-01-01

    This study compared graduate student attitudes toward different instructional approaches within online, blended, and face-to-face courses in a public institution of higher learning. The participants completed an online survey questionnaire that was designed by the researcher using 4 learning theories in education: behavioral, cognitive,…

  14. Online Illegal Drug Use Information: An Exploratory Analysis of Drug-Related Website Viewing by Adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Belenko; Karen L. Dugosh; Kevin Lynch; Amy A. Mericle; Michele Pich; Robert F. Forman

    2009-01-01

    Given the uncertain effects of antidrug media campaigns, and the ease of finding online illegal drug information, research is needed on the Internet role in disseminating drug information to youths. This exploratory study analyzes National Survey of Parents and Youth (NSPY) data on drug website viewing among 12–18 year olds (N = 7,145). Approximately 10.4% reported drug-related website exposure: 5.4% viewed only

  15. Privacy concern and online personalization: The moderating effects of information control and compensation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David G. Taylor; Donna F. Davis; Ravi Jillapalli

    2009-01-01

    Firms have at their disposal an increasing amount of personal information about consumers gathered through various means.\\u000a Studies find that personalizing online interactions improves customer relationships and increases desirable behaviors, such\\u000a as positive word-of-mouth and increased purchase intent. However, other research suggests that the use of personal information\\u000a stimulates privacy concern, which has a negative effect on behavior. This study

  16. Publications

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1969-12-31

    The Nitrogen and Phosphorus Knowledge Web page is offered by Iowa State University Extension and the College of Agriculture. The publications page contains links to various newsletters, articles, publications, power point presentations, links to governmental publications, and more. For example, visitors will find articles written on phosphorous within the Integrated Crop Management Newsletter, power point presentations on Nitrogen Management and Carbon Sequestration, and links to other Iowa State University publications on various subjects such as nutrient management. Other links on the home page of the site contain soil temperature data, research highlights, and other similarly relevant information for those in similar fields.

  17. Information Incorporation in Online In-Game Sports Betting Markets

    E-print Network

    Giles, C. Lee

    , Inc. 4 NEC Laboratories America, Inc. 3 Information Sciences and Technology 74 N. Pasadena Ave., 3rd]: Probability and Statistics General Terms Economics, Measurement Keywords Information incorporation, economic contracts of uncertain value. Analyses of horse racing mar- kets [4], NBA point spread markets [1

  18. Online Information Literacy: Moving from the Familiar to the New

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mcpherson, Keith

    2005-01-01

    Many of the Internet sites visited by students exhibit text structures that parallel those of information books. Most Web sites incorporate tables of contents and indexes, which are the actually helpful for students. However, table of contents and indexes are not the only information text structures that students will interact with when surfing…

  19. Retrieving Online Information on Drugs: An Analysis of Four Databases.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavengood, Kathryn A.

    This study examines the indexing of drugs in the literature and compares actual drug indexing to stated indexing policies in selected databases. The goal is to aid health science information specialists, end-users, and/or non-subject experts to improve recall and comprehensiveness when searching for drug information by identifying the most useful…

  20. A Framework of Web GIS Based Unified Public Health Information Visualization Platform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiaolin Lu

    2005-01-01

    \\u000a The GIS plays a vital role in public health information visualization for public health information management, broadcasting,\\u000a data management, statistical analysis, and decision supporting. This paper described the elementary requirement and the essential\\u000a technology for public health information visualization and proposed a framework of the unified public health information visualization\\u000a platform based on the Web GIS and visualization technology. The