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1

Sailor: Maryland's Online Public Information Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sailor - Maryland's Information Network - provides general Maryland government information and a wide variety of Internet jump-points. The gopher is run by the Pratt Free Library and also has local dialup numbers in Maryland.

1999-01-01

2

Public Agenda Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Public Agenda, a nonpartisan, nonprofit research organization devoted to public opinion, policy analysis, and citizen education, has recently relaunched its Website. Public Agenda Online provides eighteen issue guides that cover topics such as crime, education, environment, immigration, social security, and welfare. Each issue guide contains an overview of the issue, a news digest of recent stories, background data, various perspectives on the issue, resources for more information, and analyses of related public opinion drawn from major public opinion polls. The site also posts highlights of research reports, presents "critiques on the current state of polling," and offers a weekly email alert service, Public Agenda Alert, which shares the latest in public opinion and public policy research.

3

Incidence of Online Health Information Search: A Useful Proxy for Public Health Risk Perception  

PubMed Central

Background Internet users use search engines to look for information online, including health information. Researchers in medical informatics have found a high correlation of the occurrence of certain search queries and the incidence of certain diseases. Consumers’ search for information about diseases is related to current health status with regard to a disease and to the social environments that shape the public’s attitudes and behaviors. Objective This study aimed to investigate the extent to which public health risk perception as demonstrated by online information searches related to a health risk can be explained by the incidence of the health risk and social components of a specific population’s environment. Using an ecological perspective, we suggest that a population’s general concern for a health risk is formed by the incidence of the risk and social (eg, media attention) factors related with the risk. Methods We constructed a dataset that included state-level data from 32 states on the incidence of the flu; a number of social factors, such as media attention to the flu; private resources, such as education and health insurance coverage; public resources, such as hospital beds and primary physicians; and utilization of these resources, including inpatient days and outpatient visits. We then explored whether online information searches about the flu (seasonal and pandemic flu) can be predicted using these variables. We used factor analysis to construct indexes for sets of social factors (private resources, public resources). We then applied panel data multiple regression analysis to exploit both time-series and cross-sectional variation in the data over a 7-year period. Results Overall, the results provide evidence that the main effects of independent variables—the incidence of the flu (P<.001); social factors, including media attention (P<.001); private resources, including life quality (P<.001) and health lifestyles (P=.009); and public resources, such as hospital care utilization (P=.008) and public health funds (P=.02)—have significant effects on Web searches for queries related to the flu. After controlling for the number of reported disease cases and Internet access rate by state, we estimate the contribution of social factors to the public health risk perception levels by state (R2=23.37%). The interaction effects between flu incidence and social factors for our search terms did not add to the explanatory power of our regression models (R2<1%). Conclusions Our study suggests a practical way to measure the public’s health risk perception for certain diseases using online information search volume by state. The social environment influences public risk perception regardless of disease incidence. Thus, monitoring the social variables can be very helpful in being ready to respond to the public’s behavior in dealing with public health threats. PMID:23773974

Scammon, Debra L

2013-01-01

4

Online First publication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The editors of Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology and Springer-Verlag are pleased to announce a new service for authors and readers: Online First, the immediate online publication of all accepted papers as soon as the authors have returned the corrected proofs. Whereas the fully electronic versions of Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology used to appear at the same time as

Gerhard A. Holzapfel; Jay D. Humphrey

2003-01-01

5

The Difference in the Online Medical Information Searching Behaviors of Hospital Patients and Their Relatives versus the General Public  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is two-fold: to explore the differences in online medical information searching behaviors, including evaluative standards and search strategies, of the general public (general group) and those of hospital patients and their relatives (hospital group); and to compare the predictive relationship between the evaluative…

Wang, Hung-Yuan; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-01-01

6

76 FR 7874 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Online Innovation Submission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Innovation of the Day Project. ``Innovation of the Day'' is a new online...International and Philanthropic Innovation (IPI) in PD&R at HUD...them to the public through continuous updates to the Innovation of the Day Web site....

2011-02-11

7

Information Resources on Online Public Access Catalogs. A Selected ERIC Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixteen articles, books, and reports published between 1978 and 1983 and cited in "Resources in Education" and "Current Index to Journals in Education" are listed in this bibliography on online public access catalogs (OPACs). Emphasis is on the movement toward computer-based alternatives to library card catalogs and user studies. Topics include…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources, Syracuse, NY.

8

U.S. Government Publications: Their Value, Online Accessibility for International Information Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classifies the types of online databases available through System Development Corporation (ORBIT) and Lockheed Information Systems (DIALOG) that access government information; briefly describes those which include access to government sources; and discusses in greater depth five databases which exclusively access U.S. Federal Government Documents.…

Usdane, Bernice S.

1980-01-01

9

TOXLINE (TOXICOLOGY INFORMATION ONLINE)  

EPA Science Inventory

TOXLINE? (TOXicology information onLINE) are the National Library of Medicines extensive collection of online bibliographic information covering the pharmacological, biochemical, physiological, and toxicological effects of drugs and other chemicals. TOXLINE and TOXLINE65 together...

10

Taking Information Literacy Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the process of designing, teaching, and revising an online information literacy course at St. Petersburg College (SPC) (Florida). Shares methods for encouraging participation in online courses and ways of tracking students' progress. Reports that basic computer information and literacy is now a graduation requirement at SBC. Contains…

Levesque, Carla

2003-01-01

11

Developing an Online Framework for Publication of Uncertainty Information in Hydrological Modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inaccuracies in data collection and parameters estimation, and imperfection of models structures imply uncertain predictions of the hydrological models. Finding a way to communicate the uncertainty information in a model output is important in decision-making. This work aims to publish uncertainty information (computed by project partner at Penn State) associated with hydrological predictions on catchments. To this end we have developed a DB schema (derived from the CUAHSI ODM design) which is focused on storing uncertainty information and its associated metadata. The technologies used to build the system are: OGC's Sensor Observation Service (SOS) for publication, the uncertML markup language (also developed by the OGC) to describe uncertainty information, and use of the Interoperability and Automated Mapping (INTAMAP) Web Processing Service (WPS) that handles part of the statistics computations. We develop a service to provide users with the capability to exploit all the functionality of the system (based on DRUPAL). Users will be able to request and visualize uncertainty data, and also publish their data in the system.

Etienne, E.; Piasecki, M.

2012-12-01

12

Major Infection Events Over 5 Years: How Is Media Coverage Influencing Online Information Needs of Health Care Professionals and the Public?  

PubMed Central

Background The last decade witnessed turbulent events in public health. Emerging infections, increase of antimicrobial resistance, deliberately released threats and ongoing battles with common illnesses were amplified by the spread of disease through increased international travel. The Internet has dramatically changed the availability of information about outbreaks; however, little research has been done in comparing the online behavior of public and professionals around the same events and the effect of media coverage of outbreaks on information needs. Objective To investigate professional and public online information needs around major infection outbreaks and correlate these with media coverage. Questions include (1) How do health care professionals’ online needs for public health and infection control information differ from those of the public?, (2) Does dramatic media coverage of outbreaks contribute to the information needs among the public?, and (3) How do incidents of diseases and major policy events relate to the information needs of professionals? Methods We used three longitudinal time-based datasets from mid-2006 until end of 2010: (1) a unique record of professional online behavior on UK infection portals: National electronic Library of Infection and National Resource of Infection Control (NeLI/NRIC), (2) equivalent public online information needs (Google Trends), and (3) relevant media coverage (LexisNexis). Analysis of NeLI/NRIC logs identified the highest interest around six major infectious diseases: Clostridium difficile (C difficile)/Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), tuberculosis, meningitis, norovirus, and influenza. After pre-processing, the datasets were analyzed and triangulated with each other. Results Public information needs were more static, following the actual disease occurrence less than those of professionals, whose needs increase with public health events (eg, MRSA/C difficile) and the release of major national policies or important documents. Media coverage of events resulted in major public interest (eg, the 2007/2008 UK outbreak of C difficile/MRSA). An exception was norovirus, showing a seasonal pattern for both public and professionals, which matched the periodic disease occurrence. Meningitis was a clear example of a disease with heightened media coverage tending to focus on individual and celebrity cases. Influenza was a major concern during the 2009 H1N1 outbreak creating massive public interest in line with the spring and autumn peaks in cases; although in autumn 2009, there was no corresponding increase in media coverage. Online resources play an increasing role in fulfilling professionals’ and public information needs. Conclusions Significant factors related to a surge of professional interest around a disease were typically key publications and major policy changes. Public interests seem more static and correlate with media influence but to a lesser extent than expected. The only exception was norovirus, exhibiting online public and professional interest correlating with seasonal occurrences of the disease. Public health agencies with responsibility for risk communication of public health events, in particular during outbreaks and emergencies, need to collaborate with media in order to ensure the coverage is high quality and evidence-based, while professionals’ information needs remain mainly fulfilled by online open access to key resources. PMID:23856364

Fowler, David; Wiseman, Sue; Weinberg, Julius R

2013-01-01

13

International Online Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The successful assessment of the international online information systems (databases and services) has deeply innovated the traditional documentary research in scientific\\/technical fields as well as in the business\\/financial area. In the mid-1970s, the Western European countries became to be conscious of the strong importance assumed by \\

Maria Pia Carosella; Augusta Maria Paci

1992-01-01

14

Motivating Online Publication of Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Despite policies and calls for scientists to make data available, this is not happening for most environmental- and biodiversity-related data because scientistsâ?? concerns about these efforts have not been answered and initiatives to motivate scientists to comply have been inadequate. Many of the issues regarding data availability can be addressed if the principles of â??publicationâ?ť rather than â??sharingâ?ť are applied. However, online data publication systems also need to develop mechanisms for data citation and indices of data access comparable to those for citation systems in print journals.

Mark Costello (University of Auckland; Leigh Marine Laboratory)

2009-05-01

15

The Public Sphere and Online, Independent Journalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid evolution of online, independent journalism affords educators an opportunity to increase students' understanding of the nature and power of the news media. Drawing from Habermas's theories of the role of the public sphere in democratic discourse, the author, as founder of an online news publication, traces trends in concentrated…

Beers, David

2006-01-01

16

Adapting online learning for Canada's Northern public health workforce  

PubMed Central

Background Canada's North is a diverse, sparsely populated land, where inequalities and public health issues are evident, particularly for Aboriginal people. The Northern public health workforce is a unique mix of professional and paraprofessional workers. Few have formal public health education. From 2009 to 2012, the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) collaborated with a Northern Advisory Group to develop and implement a strategy to strengthen public health capacity in Canada's 3 northern territories. Access to relevant, effective continuing education was identified as a key issue. Challenges include diverse educational and cultural backgrounds of public health workers, geographical isolation and variable technological infrastructure across the north. Methods PHAC's Skills Online program offers Internet-based continuing education modules for public health professionals. In partnership with the Northern Advisory Group, PHAC conducted 3 pilots between 2008 and 2012 to assess the appropriateness of the Skills Online program for Northern/Aboriginal public health workers. Module content and delivery modalities were adapted for the pilots. Adaptations included adding Inuit and Northern public health examples and using video and teleconference discussions to augment the online self-study component. Results Findings from the pilots were informative and similar to those from previous Skills Online pilots with learners in developing countries. Online learning is effective in bridging the geographical barriers in remote locations. Incorporating content on Northern and Aboriginal health issues facilitates engagement in learning. Employer support facilitates the recruitment and retention of learners in an online program. Facilitator assets included experience as a public health professional from the north, and flexibility to use modified approaches to support and measure knowledge acquisition and application, especially for First Nations, Inuit and Metis learners. Conclusions Results demonstrate that appropriate adaptations to online professional development can provide practical, accessible means for a wide range of Northern/Aboriginal public health workers to acquire core competencies for public health. PMID:23971012

Bell, Marnie; MacDougall, Karen

2013-01-01

17

Nutrition Information to the Desktop: A Pilot Online Nutrition Course on Saturated Fat for Public Librarians Increases Knowledge, Expectancies, and Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of an online course for public librarians on helping patrons reduce saturated fat. Design: Pre- and posttest design along with a 6-month follow-up survey. Setting: Online nutrition course. Participants: 100 (8 males, 92 females) completed the course, and 29 completed the follow-up survey. Intervention:…

Turner-McGrievy, Gabrielle M.; Campbell, Marci K.

2009-01-01

18

An Online Information Skills Tutorial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looking for new way to teach high school students how to use the library and library resources? The HeLIOS (Hemingway Library Information Online Skills) tutorial, an online tool designed specifically for high school students, may be the answer. For the past two years, students at home, in classrooms, and at libraries throughout Utah have used…

Christensen, Joanne; Morgan, Fawn; Kinikin, Janae

2013-01-01

19

Washington Public Libraries Online: Collaborating in Cyberspace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of public libraries, the Internet, and the World Wide Web focuses on development of a Web site in Washington. Highlights include access to the Internet through online public access catalogs; partnerships between various types of libraries; hardware and software; HTML training; content design; graphics design; marketing; evaluation; and…

Wildin, Nancy

1997-01-01

20

Information Security and Privacy Concerns of Online Prescription Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effects of information sensitivity and information relevance on information security and privacy concerns (i.e., misuse, integrity, and breach to public) and the effect upon the customers' willingness to provide requested information in an online prescription drug management system setting. A sample of 1166 responses from 46 students relating to 26 information attributes to be collected for

Stephan Poag; Xiaodong Deng

21

New York Public Library Picture Collection Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of NYPL's evolving Digital Library, the Picture Collection Online is a collection of 30,000 public domain digital images from books and periodicals, original photographs, prints, and postcards. Primarily dated pre-1923, the Picture Collections includes some of the most popular images in the NYPL collection. The physical collection is housed in folders by broad subject headings, which can be browsed online. Keyword and advanced searches are also provided.

22

Information Evaluation and Online Coursework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2007 the author has been teaching a hybrid Information Literacy course at Lakeview High School in Battle Creek, Michigan. It combines an online information literacy focus with real-world library work experience in her media center. This blended course has just been revised so that high school graduates will be able to fulfill Michigan's…

Lincoln, Margaret

2010-01-01

23

Evaluating Online Sources of Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... questions to determine the credibility of health information published online. Who manages this information? The person or group that has published health information online should be identified somewhere. Who ...

24

Arkose: reusing informal information from online discussions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online discussions such as a large-scale community brainstorming often end up with an unorganized bramble of ideas and topics that are difficult to reuse. A process of distillation is needed to boil down a large information space into information that is concise and organized. We take a system-augmented approach to the problem by creating a set of tools with which

Kevin Kyung Nam; Mark S. Ackerman

2007-01-01

25

Public Relations / Online-Kommunikation Hochschulkommunikation  

E-print Network

Public Relations / Online-Kommunikation Hochschulkommunikation INTERNETAUFTRITT IM WEB-CORPORATE-DESIGN ersten Ideen eines Internetauftritts bis zur fertigen Website im ETH Web Corporate Design. Web Corporate Design Das Web-Corporate Design, Web-CD, hat das Ziel, dass die Web-Auftritte der ETH ZĂĽrich ein

Fischlin, Andreas

26

Online Database Searching in Smaller Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online database searching experiences of nine Illinois public libraries--Arlington Heights, Deerfield, Elk Grove Village, Evanston, Glenview, Northbrook, Schaumburg Township, Waukegan, Wilmette--are discussed, noting search costs, user charges, popular databases, library acquisition, interaction with users, and staff training. Three sources are…

Roose, Tina

1983-01-01

27

AIDS PUBLIC INFORMATION DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

The AIDS Public Information Data Set is computer software designed to run on a Microsoft Windows microcomputer, and contains information abstracted from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cases reported in the United States. The data set is created by the Division of HIV/A...

28

Going Online With Ocean Drilling Publications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1999, the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) transitioned from a print publication format to a hybrid print/electronic format of its Initial Reports (IR) series. A year later, the Scientific Results (SR) series joined the electronic era. Our mandate was to produce a fully functional electronic publication in HTML and PDF formats that would also function as a professionally typeset printed publication. The IR series disseminates the preliminary scientific knowledge gained during each ODP cruise, whereas the SR series is a venue for publishing independent research conducted after each cruise and often includes extensive data sets and many color images. Although both series are published as a print/CD-ROM hybrid and on the Web, the IR online version follows publication of the CD, whereas the SR online version precedes it. This unique format--neither all print, all electronic, or print with electronic replica of print--led to interesting challenges that few other publishers had to grapple with when going electronic. ODP's formal transition from print to electronic publication was concentrated in a 2-year period, but fortunately, staff members had honed many valuable online editing and production skills prior to that time as a cost-saving means of publishing hardcover books. This made the transition rather seamless for the staff; however, issues pertaining to multiplatform publications still had to be addressed. These included word choices that made sense regardless of whether the material was being viewed on paper, on CD, or on the Web; the creation of alternative citation formats; policies on revising already published electronic material; etc. In our experience, the advantages for publishers and readers have outweighed the growing pains of moving to electronic publishing. For example, SR authors typically see their manuscripts published 4-5 months after acceptance, whereas it used to take 7-9 months. The accessibility of the online publications has significantly widened distribution. And the CD-ROM product allows ODP to enhance the electronic resources available to researchers by including an index of all published IR/SR volume pairs on each CD, detailed site maps, movies, unlimited color images, and other supplementary data sets provided by authors. Our next venture is to digitize the older printed ODP volumes and the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) series and make these publications available online in HTML and PDF formats as well. This will provide the scientific community with more than 30 years of marine earth science research at the click of a mouse, a legacy that will be built upon by the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) in the near future.

Klaus, A. D.; Petronotis, K. E.

2003-12-01

29

Massive Open Online Courses in Public Health  

PubMed Central

Massive open online courses (MOOCs) represent a new and potentially transformative model for providing educational opportunities to learners not enrolled in a formal educational program. The authors describe the experience of developing and offering eight MOOCs on a variety of public health topics. Existing institutional infrastructure and experience with both for-credit online education and open educational resources mitigated the institutional risk and resource requirements. Although learners are able to enroll easily and freely and do so in large numbers, there is considerable variety in the level of participation and engagement among enrollees. As a result, comprehensive and accurate assessment of meaningful learning progress remains a major challenge for evaluating the effectiveness of MOOCs for providing public health education. PMID:24350228

Gooding, Ira; Klaas, Brian; Yager, James D.; Kanchanaraksa, Sukon

2013-01-01

30

Massive open online courses in public health.  

PubMed

Massive open online courses (MOOCs) represent a new and potentially transformative model for providing educational opportunities to learners not enrolled in a formal educational program. The authors describe the experience of developing and offering eight MOOCs on a variety of public health topics. Existing institutional infrastructure and experience with both for-credit online education and open educational resources mitigated the institutional risk and resource requirements. Although learners are able to enroll easily and freely and do so in large numbers, there is considerable variety in the level of participation and engagement among enrollees. As a result, comprehensive and accurate assessment of meaningful learning progress remains a major challenge for evaluating the effectiveness of MOOCs for providing public health education. PMID:24350228

Gooding, Ira; Klaas, Brian; Yager, James D; Kanchanaraksa, Sukon

2013-01-01

31

Online Search Services in the Public Library: Project Dialib.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lockheed has undertaken Project DIALIB to determine whether online retrieval services could be useful to the general public, and if the public library could serve as the linking agent for these services. As part of the study, DIALOG, Lockheed's online reference retrieval system, has been made available to the public through four public libraries…

Ahlgren, Alice E.

32

Online Sources of Japanese Information. . . A Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses online systems and databases that contain information on Japanese business and economic activity. A reference chart provides the name, address, coverage dates, and costs of major online sources. (CLB)

Dorman, Phae H.

1987-01-01

33

R.V. Roskam Evaluation of Online Public Sexual Health in the Netherlands EVALUATION OF ONLINE PUBLIC  

E-print Network

on the development of an evaluation checklist meant as a handy tool for public health experts to monitor, compare TERMS: eHealth, online intervention, sexual health care, evaluation methods, CeHRes Roadmap, scenarioR.V. Roskam Evaluation of Online Public Sexual Health in the Netherlands 1 EVALUATION OF ONLINE

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

34

Online access, participation and information credibility assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Web today is as much a social space with a participatory culture spurred by online collaboration technologies, as it is an information source. The possibility that almost anyone can contribute content has made credibility assessment online important and difficult at the same time. Empirical studies claim that online credibility perceptions are based more on heuristics than on systematic processing

Sambhavi Chandrashekar; Stephen Hockema

2009-01-01

35

Laboratory Exercises in Online Information Assurance Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information assurance courses delivered in an online environment pose challenges to the development of meaningful hands-on exercises for students. This article presents techniques on furnishing laboratory exercises to online students and presents examples of assignments drawn from the author's experiences in teaching online courses for over three…

Bhagyavati

2006-01-01

36

Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Produced and maintained by the Transportation Research Board (TRB) at the National Academies of Sciences, "the Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) Database is the world's largest and most comprehensive bibliographic resource on transportation information." Recently, an online version of TRIS was launched as a component of the National Transportation Library, providing access to over 400,000 bibliographic records covering transportation research published in books, journal articles, technical reports, and other media. The records cover the literature from the 1960s to the present, including federal, state, local, and association publications. Users can search the database by author, title, or keyword, with a number of modifiers. Search returns include title, author, journal title (where applicable), date, an abstract, and where the resource can be obtained. In some instances, links to the full text or sources of the full text are provided.

37

Assessing the TIP online information literacy tutorial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report on the results of a study that assessed whether students learned information literacy concepts after taking the interactive online Tutorial for Information Power (TIP). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The methodology and design involved a pre- and post-test assessment of students who completed an online tutorial. Findings – Students who spent more time

Bryan Tronstad; Lori Phillips; Jenny Garcia; Mary Ann Harlow

2009-01-01

38

Perceived value of applying Information Communication Technology to implement guidelines in developing countries; an online questionnaire study among public health workers  

PubMed Central

Introduction Practice guidelines can be used to support healthcare decision making. We sought to identify the use, and barriers to the implementation, of electronic based guidelines to support decision-making in maternal and child healthcare (MCH) and the rational use of medicines, in developing countries. Methods Graduates who had gained the Master of Public Health degree through the Peoples-uni (postgraduate public health education in developing countries) were sent an online survey questionnaire which had been piloted. Two reminders were sent to non-respondents at intervals of 10 days. Results were explored using descriptive analyses. Results 44 of the potential 48 graduates from 16 countries responded – most were from Africa. 82% and 89% of respondents were aware of guidelines on MCH and the rational use of medicines respectively. Electronic guidelines were more available in university hospitals than in provincial hospitals or rural care. All respondents thought that guidelines could improve the delivery of quality care, and 42 (95%) and 41 (93%) respectively thought that computers and mobile or smartphones could increase the use of guidelines in service delivery. Lack of access to computers, need to buy phone credit, need for training in the use of either computerized or phone based guidelines and fear of increased workload were potential barriers to use. Conclusion There is support for the use of electronic guidelines despite limited availability and barriers to use in developing countries. These findings, and other literature, provide a guide as to how the further development of ICT based guidelines may be implemented to improve health care decision making. PMID:25422718

Machingura, Pasipanodya Ian; Adekola, Olawumi; Mueni, Eunice; Oaiya, Omo; Gustafsson, Lars L; Heller, Richard F

2014-01-01

39

ONLINE ARCHIVAL CATALOGING AND PUBLIC ACCESS AT THE MINNESOTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the process of developing an online public access catalog to serve its users, the Minnesota Historical Society has had to solve problems concerning the content of catalog records, system selection, portability of machinereadable records between systems, retrospective conversion of information in manual formats, and compatibility of bibliographic data about information resources in multiple physical formats. The process was accelerated

DENNIS MEISSNER

1992-01-01

40

Attitudes toward online availability of US public records  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many have enthusiastically greeted the ability to search and view public records online as a great advance for transparency and accountability. Such ability, however, also creates value tensions with privacy and other important human values. In this paper, we report findings from a survey of 134 residents of the US Pacific Northwest on their awareness of and attitudes towards online

Sean A. Munson; Daniel Avrahami; Sunny Consolvo; James Fogarty; Batya Friedman; Ian Smith

2011-01-01

41

Library Online Services Graduate School of Information,  

E-print Network

Guide to Library Online Services Graduate School of Information, 1 October 3, 2011 Graduate School to Academic Information" "Waseda E-Resource Portal" 5 "Waseda E-Resource Portal" http-Resource Portal Released" 8 4. Click here! #12;5.The new main page of "Waseda E-Resource Portal" 9 #12;2.Finding e

Kaji, Hajime

42

Towards secure information systems in online banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this era of globalization, information security is becoming more important because the world is becoming highly interconnected with the Internet. At present customers can do banking online which is easy and time saving and at the same time they are vulnerable to threats. This paper seeks to investigate the current debate regarding the threats and vulnerabilities of the information

Zakaria Karim; Karim Mohammed Rezaul; Aliar Hossain

2009-01-01

43

Online Sources for Competitor Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competitor information gathering is a key aspect of business planning. Information can be collected from either published or unpublished sources. Unpublished information will often be verified based on material from published sources. Published information is more likely to be factual and includes financial, stockmarket, press, market and…

Weiss, Arthur

44

Posts to Online News Message Boards and Public Discourse Surrounding DUI Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study analyzes posts to online news message boards covering driving under the influence (DUI) enforcement efforts to determine their usefulness for informing traffic safety program planning and public relations efforts aimed at mainstream drinking drivers.Methods: A series of Google searches were conducted using keywords designed to capture news stories regarding impaired driving enforcement efforts. For each search, the

Susan M. Connor; Kathryn Wesolowski

2009-01-01

45

Sports Information Online: Searching the SPORT Database and Tips for Finding Sports Medicine Information Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first article describes SPORT, a database providing international coverage of athletics and physical education, and compares it to other online services in terms of coverage, thesauri, possible search strategies, and actual usage. The second article reviews available online information on sports medicine. (CLB)

Janke, Richard V.; And Others

1988-01-01

46

Online Learning in Public Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the advancement of technology over the years, there has been a vast expansion in the use of distance learning for employment training purposes. One of the main benefits of online versus traditional training is that it gives instructors the opportunity to teach pupils who, because of traveling distance and transport limitations or other access…

Stamatikos, Alexis; Ratnapradifa, Dhitinut

2011-01-01

47

Public policymaking and research information.  

PubMed

The public policymaking process presents behavior analysts with opportunities to shape public policy and influence decisions that affect the evolution of communities. Although the scientist-advocate's role in public policymaking has received increased attention, little attention has been given to behavioral analyses of the policymaking context. This paper describes the stages of policymaking, including agenda formation, policy adoption, policy implementation, and policy review. It also analyzes seven types of research information important in agenda formation and policy adoption-information about the dimensions of an issue, number of people affected, relative standing of an issue, interests of those involved, controlling variables, program alternatives, and program acceptability. Methods for communicating research information to policymakers are discussed. PMID:22478646

Seekins, T; Fawcett, S B

1986-01-01

48

Online Technologies for Health Information and Education: A literature review  

PubMed Central

There is a growing body of research focused on the use of social media and Internet technologies for health education and information sharing. The authors reviewed literature on this topic, with a specific focus on the benefits and concerns associated with using online social technologies as health education and communication tools. Studies suggest that social media technologies have the potential to safely and effectively deliver health education, if privacy concerns are addressed. Utility of social media-based health education and communication will improve as technology developers and public health officials determine ways to improve information accuracy and address privacy concerns. PMID:24465171

Gill, Harkiran K.; Gill, Navkiranjit; Young, Sean D.

2014-01-01

49

Online sources of herbal product information.  

PubMed

Herbal products are commonly used to treat clinical conditions and are often purchased online without the supervision of a healthcare provider. The use of herbals remains controversial because of widespread exaggerated claims of clinical efficacy and safety. We conducted an online search of 13 common herbals (including black cohosh, echinacea, garlic, ginkgo, ginseng, green tea, kava, saw palmetto, and St John's wort) and reviewed the top 50 Web sites for each using a Google search. We analyzed clinical claims, warnings, and other safety information. A total of 1179 Web sites were examined. Less than 8% of retail sites provided information regarding potential adverse effects, drug interactions, and other safety information; only 10.5% recommended consultation with a healthcare professional. Less than 3% cited scientific literature to accompany their claims. Key safety information is still lacking from many online sources of herbal information. Certain nonretail site types may be more reliable, but physicians and other healthcare professionals should be aware of the variable quality of these sites to help patients make more informed decisions. PMID:24290486

Owens, Christopher; Baergen, Ralph; Puckett, Derek

2014-02-01

50

32 CFR 518.6 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM...through public information channels by news media representatives that would not be withheld...to requests for information from news media representatives should be...

2010-07-01

51

Dijkstra's Algorithm On-Line: An Empirical Case Study from Public Railroad Transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traffic information systems are among the most prominent real-world applications of Dijkstra’s algorithm for shortest paths.\\u000a We consider the scenario of a central information server in the realm of public railroad transport on wide-area networks.\\u000a Such a system has to process a large number of on-line queries in real time. In practice, this problem is usually solved by\\u000a heuristical variations

Frank Schulz; Dorothea Wagner; Karsten Weihe

1999-01-01

52

Dijkstra's Algorithm On-Line: An Empirical Case Study from Public Railroad Transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traffic information systems are among the most prominent real-world applications of Dijkstra's algorithm for shortest paths. We consider the scenario of a central information server in the realm of public railroad transport on wide-area networks. Such a system has to process a large number of on-line queries for optimal travel connections in real time. In practice, this problem is usually

Frank Schulz; Dorothea Wagner; Karsten Weihe

2000-01-01

53

Searching the Online Public Access Catalog. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of ways in which users conduct subject searches with an online public access catalog (OPAC) was performed at the College Park Campus of the University of Maryland. Both process (search patterns) and product (search results) variables were examined with respect to individual characteristics of 39 volunteers, many of whom were master's level…

Marchionini, Gary; Gattone, Dean

54

Teaching Public Finance Administration Online: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study of an online masters course in public finance administration, conducted primarily through texts and electronic bulletin boards with no face-to-face contact, found advantages (time and space independence) and disadvantages (lack of interaction with instructors) for both faculty and students. Although student grades equaled those in…

Ebdon, Carol

1999-01-01

55

nature genetics advance online publication 1 Identifying regulatory networks by  

E-print Network

article nature genetics · advance online publication 1 Identifying regulatory networks the combinatorial nature of transcription, a well-established phe- nomenon in eukaryotes. Here we describe a new­11 does not explicitly address the combinatorial nature of transcriptional regulation. Here, however, we

Church, George M.

56

Optimizing Online Social Networks for Information Propagation  

PubMed Central

Online users nowadays are facing serious information overload problem. In recent years, recommender systems have been widely studied to help people find relevant information. Adaptive social recommendation is one of these systems in which the connections in the online social networks are optimized for the information propagation so that users can receive interesting news or stories from their leaders. Validation of such adaptive social recommendation methods in the literature assumes uniform distribution of users' activity frequency. In this paper, our empirical analysis shows that the distribution of online users' activity is actually heterogenous. Accordingly, we propose a more realistic multi-agent model in which users' activity frequency are drawn from a power-law distribution. We find that previous social recommendation methods lead to serious delay of information propagation since many users are connected to inactive leaders. To solve this problem, we design a new similarity measure which takes into account users' activity frequencies. With this similarity measure, the average delay is significantly shortened and the recommendation accuracy is largely improved. PMID:24816894

Chen, Duan-Bing; Wang, Guan-Nan; Zeng, An; Fu, Yan; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

2014-01-01

57

Students' Self-Regulated Learning, Online Information Evaluative Standards and Online Academic Searching Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online information searching strategies (OISS) used by students can be viewed as a key indicator in online learning environments. Therefore, developments in their OISS may also involve variables such as self-regulated learning (SRL) and online information evaluative standards (OIES). Three instruments, an OISS, a SRL and an OIES were used to…

Tseng, Sheng-Chau; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-01-01

58

Online Education: the Needs, Interests, and Capacities of Wisconsin Public Health Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need to develop online educational opportunities for public health professionals has been clearly documented nationwide and specifically in Wisconsin. Preliminary evaluations have identified the advantages and effectiveness of online learning for public health education. However, few studies have examined public health professionals' use of, confidence with, and interest in online technologies, formats, and topics. These data are pertinent to

Kaija L. Zusevics; Gary D. Gilmore; Robert A. Jecklin; Geoffrey R. Swain

2009-01-01

59

HEASARC: Education and Public Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides a variety of links to NASA educational and public outreach materials. There is informative material on topics ranging from the solar system to black holes to distant galaxies. Education materials for teachers include activities and lesson plans, which use concepts and data from high energy astrophysics in interdisciplinary lessons appropriate for math and science classes. Links include NASA's main education sites, mission learning centers, and other selected sites.

60

Informational Environments: Organizational Contexts of Online Information Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines sustained use and non-use of online services within organizations using an open-systems view that overcomes limitations of traditional approaches that led to over-estimates of use. Focuses on the informational environments of firms in three industries: law, real estate, and biotech/pharmaceuticals; and discusses insights from an intranets…

Lamb, Roberta; King, John Leslie; Kling, Rob

2003-01-01

61

Online Master of Public Administration Public Leadership. Positive Change.  

E-print Network

and Colleges (WASC). Ranking U.S. News and World Report ranked The University of San Francisco among the top 2 and managerial theories Identify and discuss the role of public leaders in recognizing and instituting and historical perspectives; correctly identify limitations and constraints; effectively communicate with elected

Galles, David

62

77 FR 71425 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Services Administration Agency Information Collection...Public Comment Request AGENCY: Health Resources and...Request Title: Workforce Recruitment in Health Resources...improve health center recruitment. Burden Statement...and to complete the online survey....

2012-11-30

63

Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 197  

E-print Network

Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 197 November 26, 2001 Announcing the ADVANCED ENCRYPTION STANDARD (AES) Federal Information Processing Standards Publications (FIPS PUBS) are issued. This standard may be used by Federal departments and agencies when an agency determines that sensitive

64

Public Information for Water Pollution Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is a handbook for water pollution control personnel to guide them towards a successful public relations program. This handbook was written to incorporate the latest methods of teaching basic public information techniques to the non-professional in this area. Contents include: (1) a rationale for a public information program; (2)…

Water Pollution Control Federation, Washington, DC.

65

Wikipedia as Public Scholarship: Communicating Our Impact Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To contribute to the forum asking "Has Communication Research Made a Difference?," this essay examines whether communication scholarship makes a difference (a) to those who search for information online, (b) in the sense that a primary way our research can make a difference is through its accessibility, and (c) by using the criteria of its…

Rush, Elizabeth K.; Tracy, Sarah J.

2010-01-01

66

The telemedicine information exchange: an online resource.  

PubMed

Telemedicine is the use of telecommunications to provide health care services at a distance. It has grown from mostly government-subsidized research initiatives into a fledgling industry. This growth was fueled by decreasing costs of telecommunications and information technologies and fanned by rising health care costs. The telemedicine information exchange (TIE) (http:(/)/tie.telemed.org), developed by the Telemedicine Research Center in Portland, OR, is both a product and a vehicle of this rapid growth. It facilitates collection of telemedicine information from many sources, providing an easy-to-use hypertext format. This article describes the TIE's development, advantages and disadvantages of a web-based online library, and it's codevelopment with a rapidly expanding industry. PMID:9861508

Brown, N A

1998-09-01

67

Internet users' perceptions of online service quality: a comparison of online buyers and information searchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Service quality is widely accepted as one of the key determinants of online retailers' success. This exploratory study identified four key dimensions of online service quality as perceived by two groups of Internet users, online buyers and information searchers. The derived dimensions were: Web site design\\/content, trustworthiness, prompt\\/reliable service, and communication. This study also revealed that there were significant differences

Shaohan Cai; Minjoon Jun

2003-01-01

68

Facilitating community information seeking using the Internet: Findings from three public library-community network systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report findings from a recent study of how public libraries are using on-line community networks to facilitate the public's information seeking and use in everyday situations. These networks have been lauded for their potential to strengthen physical communities through increasing information flow about local services and events, and through facilitating civic interaction. However, little is known about how the

Karen E. Pettigrew; Joan C. Durrance; Kenton T. Unruh

2002-01-01

69

On-Line Administrative Information Systems: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study approach is used to document the on-line information system developed by the Office of Management Information and Computing at the University of Vermont. Stanford University's Project INFO On-Line Administration Information System, OASIS, was chosen as a model. The administrative system is one of two on campus, the other designed for…

Sire, Paul W.

70

Issues in Public Management Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

What are the key issues facing information systems managers in the public sector? Most public IS managers surveyed show more concern for agency-wide management issues than for technical ones. They care about what information systems can do for their agencies. They want people in their agencies to understand the importance of managing information and information technology effectively.

John W. Swain; Jay D. White; Elice D. Hubbert

1995-01-01

71

A curious jumble: the Canadian approach to online consumer health information.  

PubMed

As part of a larger e-health strategy, Canadian governments have invested millions in online health information services for the lay public. These services are intended to reduce demands on the primary health care system by encouraging greater individual responsibility for health and are often promoted using the language of personal empowerment. In this paper, we describe how lay searchers generally look for online health information and discuss the disempowering challenges they are likely to face in (a) locating Canadian government-sponsored health information sites and (b) finding useful information on these sites to address everyday health concerns. We conclude with several recommendations for policy changes. PMID:21542210

Harr, Roma; Bella, Leslie

2010-01-01

72

Online Information 96. Proceedings of the International Online Information Meeting (20th, London, England, UK, December 3-5, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings volume contains 68 papers. Subjects addressed include: access to information; the future of information managers/librarians; intelligent agents; changing roles of library users; disintermediation; Internet review sites; World Wide Web (WWW) search engines; Java; online searching; future of online education; integrated information

Raitt, David I., Ed.; Jeapes, Ben, Ed.

73

39 CFR 954.25 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...RELATIVE TO THE DENIAL, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION OF PERIODICALS MAIL PRIVILEGES § 954.25 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial and final Agency...

2012-07-01

74

39 CFR 965.14 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO MAIL DISPUTES § 965.14 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2014-07-01

75

39 CFR 954.25 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...RELATIVE TO THE DENIAL, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION OF PERIODICALS MAIL PRIVILEGES § 954.25 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial and final Agency...

2011-07-01

76

39 CFR 954.25 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RELATIVE TO THE DENIAL, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION OF PERIODICALS MAIL PRIVILEGES § 954.25 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial and final Agency...

2013-07-01

77

39 CFR 957.26 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION FROM CONTRACTING § 957.26 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service shall maintain for public inspection in the Library copies of all final decisions. The Recorder...

2013-07-01

78

39 CFR 952.33 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO FALSE REPRESENTATION AND LOTTERY ORDERS § 952.33 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative and final agency...

2012-07-01

79

39 CFR 965.14 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO MAIL DISPUTES § 965.14 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2011-07-01

80

39 CFR 963.22 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...RELATIVE TO VIOLATIONS OF THE PANDERING ADVERTISEMENTS STATUTE, 39 U.S.C. 3008 § 963.22 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2011-07-01

81

39 CFR 952.33 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO FALSE REPRESENTATION AND LOTTERY ORDERS § 952.33 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative and final agency...

2013-07-01

82

39 CFR 963.22 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RELATIVE TO VIOLATIONS OF THE PANDERING ADVERTISEMENTS STATUTE, 39 U.S.C. 3008 § 963.22 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2013-07-01

83

39 CFR 965.14 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO MAIL DISPUTES § 965.14 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2013-07-01

84

39 CFR 952.33 - Public Information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO FALSE REPRESENTATION AND LOTTERY ORDERS (EFF. UNTIL 7-22-2011) § 952.33 Public Information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative and final...

2011-07-01

85

39 CFR 965.14 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO MAIL DISPUTES § 965.14 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2012-07-01

86

39 CFR 954.25 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...RELATIVE TO THE DENIAL, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION OF PERIODICALS MAIL PRIVILEGES § 954.25 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial and final Agency...

2014-07-01

87

39 CFR 959.30 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO THE PRIVATE EXPRESS STATUTES § 959.30 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative and final...

2011-07-01

88

39 CFR 959.30 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO THE PRIVATE EXPRESS STATUTES § 959.30 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative and final...

2014-07-01

89

39 CFR 959.30 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO THE PRIVATE EXPRESS STATUTES § 959.30 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative and final...

2013-07-01

90

39 CFR 959.30 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO THE PRIVATE EXPRESS STATUTES § 959.30 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative and final...

2012-07-01

91

39 CFR 957.26 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION FROM CONTRACTING § 957.26 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service shall maintain for public inspection in the Library copies of all final decisions. The Recorder...

2012-07-01

92

39 CFR 952.33 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO FALSE REPRESENTATION AND LOTTERY ORDERS § 952.33 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative and final agency...

2014-07-01

93

39 CFR 957.26 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION FROM CONTRACTING § 957.26 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service shall maintain for public inspection in the Library copies of all final decisions. The Recorder...

2011-07-01

94

39 CFR 957.26 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION FROM CONTRACTING § 957.26 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service shall maintain for public inspection in the Library copies of all final decisions. The Recorder...

2014-07-01

95

39 CFR 957.26 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION FROM CONTRACTING § 957.26 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service shall maintain for public inspection in the Library copies of all final decisions. The Recorder...

2010-07-01

96

39 CFR 965.14 - Public Information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO MAIL DISPUTES § 965.14 Public Information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2010-07-01

97

39 CFR 952.33 - Public Information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO FALSE REPRESENTATION AND LOTTERY ORDERS § 952.33 Public Information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative and final...

2010-07-01

98

39 CFR 963.22 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RELATIVE TO VIOLATIONS OF THE PANDERING ADVERTISEMENTS STATUTE, 39 U.S.C. 3008 § 963.22 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2010-07-01

99

39 CFR 954.25 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RELATIVE TO THE DENIAL, SUSPENSION, OR REVOCATION OF PERIODICALS MAIL PRIVILEGES § 954.25 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial and final Agency...

2010-07-01

100

39 CFR 959.30 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO THE PRIVATE EXPRESS STATUTES § 959.30 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative and final...

2010-07-01

101

Discovering Civil Discourse: Using the Online Public Sphere for Authentic Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the exercise described here is for students to be able to recognize Habermas's public sphere theory and analyze public deliberation occurring within the online public sphere. After completing this unit activity, students will also be able to distinguish between civil and uncivil comments that people use in online forums.…

McGowan, Angela M.; Soczka Kaiser, Kelly

2014-01-01

102

Online Learning Communities: Enhancing Undergraduate Students' Acquisition of Information Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of online learning communities (OLC) on enhancing the undergraduate students' acquisition of information skills. OLC was compared with online tutorials and one-shot face-to-face sessions designed to facilitate students' information skill acquisition. Data were gathered through multiple…

Dominguez-Flores, Noraida; Wang, Ling

2011-01-01

103

A Study of Personal Information Management Strategies for Online Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature suggests that personal information management is a serious challenge for many computer users. Online faculty are especially challenged because of the large number of electronic files necessitated by teaching online. Those who have experience in this environment may offer valuable insights regarding information management challenges…

Kearns, Lorna R.; Frey, Barbara A.; Tomer, Christinger; Alman, Susan

2014-01-01

104

University Students' Online Information Searching Strategies in Different Search Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the role of search context played in university students' online information searching strategies. A total of 304 university students in Taiwan were surveyed with questionnaires in which two search contexts were defined as searching for learning, and searching for daily life information. Students' online search strategies…

Tsai, Meng-Jung; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Hou, Huei-Tse; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2012-01-01

105

Informal Communication in an Online Volunteer Community: Implications for  

E-print Network

1 Informal Communication in an Online Volunteer Community: Implications for Supporting Virtual in which proximity benefits informal communication and relationship development and how technologies can opportunities for interpersonal communication and relationship development and then examine how dimensions

Fussell, Susan R.

106

Important Information about Your Online DirectoryImportant Information about Your Online Directory This online directory was developed to help members easily find participating physicians,This online directory was developed to help members easily find par  

E-print Network

Important Information about Your Online DirectoryImportant Information about Your Online Directory This online directory was developed to help members easily find participating physicians,This online directory contained in this directory may change as participatingWhile we try to provide you with accurate data

107

Place in Perspective: Extracting Online Information about Points of Interest  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last few years, the amount of online descriptive information about places has reached reasonable dimensions for many cities in the world. Being such information mostly in Natural Language text, Information Extraction techniques are needed for obtaining the meaning of places that underlies these massive amounts of commonsense and user made sources. In this article, we show how we automatically label places using Information Extraction techniques applied to online resources such as Wikipedia, Yellow Pages and Yahoo!.

Alves, Ana O.; Pereira, Francisco C.; Rodrigues, Filipe; Oliveirinha, Joăo

108

The Marine Realms Information Bank family of digital libraries: access to free online information for coastal and marine science  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Searching the World Wide Web for reliable information about specific topics or locations can be frustrating: too many hits, too little relevance. A well-designed digital library, offering a carefully selected collection of online resources, is an attractive alternative to web search engines. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides three digital libraries for coastal and marine science to serve the needs of a diverse audience--scientists, public servants, educators, and the public.

Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.

2007-01-01

109

Student Search Behaviour in an Online Public Access Catalogue: An Examination of "Searching Mental Models" and "Searcher Self-Concept"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper presents a qualitative exploration of university students' experience of searching an online public access catalogue. The study investigated how students conceptualise their searching process, as well as how students understand themselves as seekers of information. Method: Following a search task, thirty-eight…

Willson, Rebekah; Given, Lisa M.

2014-01-01

110

Aspects of Information Service Management. Proceedings of the Fall Meeting of the New England On-Line Users Group (Tufts University, November 3, 1978).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proceedings of this meeting on online service administration comprise the three papers presented: one written by Helen G. Drinan concerning costing and budgeting for online information services; one by Robert McDermand on marketing, publicizing, and other service aspects of online searching; and one by Donna R. Dolan pertaining to the training…

New England On-Line Users Group.

111

Anonymity Versus Privacy: Selective Information Sharing in Online Cancer Communities  

PubMed Central

Background Active sharing in online cancer communities benefits patients. However, many patients refrain from sharing health information online due to privacy concerns. Existing research on privacy emphasizes data security and confidentiality, largely focusing on electronic medical records. Patient preferences around information sharing in online communities remain poorly understood. Consistent with the privacy calculus perspective adopted from e-commerce research, we suggest that patients approach online information sharing instrumentally, weighing privacy costs against participation benefits when deciding whether to share certain information. Consequently, we argue that patients prefer sharing clinical information over daily life and identity information that potentially compromises anonymity. Furthermore, we explore whether patients’ prior experiences, age, health, and gender affect perceived privacy costs and thus willingness to share information. Objective The goal of the present study is to document patient preferences for sharing information within online health platforms. Methods A total of 115 cancer patients reported sharing intentions for 15 different types of information, demographics, health status, prior privacy experiences, expected community utility, and privacy concerns. Results Factor analysis on the 15 information types revealed 3 factors coinciding with 3 proposed information categories: clinical, daily life, and identity information. A within-subject ANOVA showed a strong preference for sharing clinical information compared to daily life and identity information (F 1,114=135.59, P=.001, ?2=.93). Also, adverse online privacy experiences, age, and health status negatively affected information-sharing intentions. Female patients shared information less willingly. Conclusions Respondents’ information-sharing intentions depend on dispositional and situational factors. Patients share medical details more willingly than daily life or identity information. The results suggest the need to focus on anonymity rather than privacy in online communities. PMID:24828114

Vermeulen, Ivar E; Beekers, Nienke

2014-01-01

112

Affording to exchange: social capital and online information sharing.  

PubMed

The potential harm and benefit associated with sharing personal information online is a topic of debate and discussion. Using survey methods (n=872), we explore whether attainment of social capital online relates to greater comfort with sharing personal information. We found that perceptions of bridging and bonding social capital earned from using Facebook are significant predictors of overall comfort levels with sharing personal information. This research raises timely questions about how the perceived benefits of social networking sites influence how personal information is shared online. PMID:23600613

Maksl, Adam; Young, Rachel

2013-08-01

113

Effects of Online Interaction and Instructor Presence on Students' Satisfaction and Success with Online Undergraduate Public Relations Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined student success, failure, withdrawal, and satisfaction in online public relations courses based on instructor-student interaction, student-student interaction, and instructor presence. Student passing rates, D/F rates, withdrawal rates, and evaluations of instruction were compiled from fifty-one online PR courses run over the…

Moore, Jensen

2014-01-01

114

The Combined Health Information Database (CHD) Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A joint project of the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, this unified database of bibliographic records has been available to the public since 1985, and now sports a clean new interface. There are sixteen separately maintained databases that can be searched individually or at once, ranging from AIDS Education and Alzheimers Disease to Cancer Prevention and Weight Control. The simple search interface offers a single box into which keywords are entered. The detailed search interface allows the user to specify date of publication, media type, and language, and provides multiple query boxes that may be linked together by Boolean operators. Searches return lists of matches, from which individual bibliographic records (including abstracts) may be viewed. Reprint ordering procedures are also listed. Users may also browse information on the scope and coverage of each of the sixteen databases.

1997-01-01

115

Information Literacy Training in Canada's Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of the study were to explore the role of Canada's public libraries in developing the public's information literacy (IL) skills, to explore current IL training practices, and to explore the perspectives and IL experiences of individuals who visit public libraries to access the Internet. This article documents the second phase of a…

Julien, Heidi; Hoffman, Cameron

2008-01-01

116

ADAPTIKs: Adaptive Information Keyholes for Public Libraries  

E-print Network

ADAPTIKs: Adaptive Information Keyholes for Public Libraries First Author AuthorCo, Inc. 123 Author services. In the context of public libraries the design has to take particular account on two domain to communicate interactivity. Second, given that public libraries are demographically diverse places, a low

Deussen, Oliver

117

ADAPTIKs: Adaptive Information Keyholes for Public Libraries  

E-print Network

ADAPTIKs: Adaptive Information Keyholes for Public Libraries Jens M¨uller HCI Group University of public libraries the design has to take particular account on two domain-specific aspects. First, given that public libraries are demographically diverse places, a low barrier to entry has

Deussen, Oliver

118

Chinese online fiction: taste publics, entertainment, and Candle in the Tomb  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the growing cultural trend of Chinese online fiction. Using Gans's twin concepts of taste culture and taste public, it looks at online fiction as a product of two taste cultures evident on the Chinese Web. The paper then explores the growing appeal of online fiction for consumers and producers (or readers and authors) in relation to two

Alexander Lugg

2011-01-01

119

Medicare.gov: View and Download Publications On-Line  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Health Care Financing Administration provides this selection of consumer publications on Medicare, long-term care, and other health care issues. Users will find a guide to selecting a nursing home, information on skilled nursing facilities for Medicare beneficiaries, and an overview of Medicare Managed Care. Additional information is available on Medicare and mammograms, Medicare kidney coverage, Medicare home health care, and detecting consumer fraud.

120

Incentives for strategic vertical alliances in online information product markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The online information product market is characterized by the real-time network delivery of digital information products. In this market, the NP (Network Provider) interacts with the CP (Content Provider) in the way that the information product demand is significantly affected by the quality of network delivery. This paper considers a differentiated information product market, where two dominant CP and NP

Christopher Jungsuk Oh; Suk-gwon Chang

2000-01-01

121

SUMMER 2013: ONLINE PSYCHOLOGY 200 COURSE SYLLABUS INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION  

E-print Network

SUMMER 2013: ONLINE PSYCHOLOGY 200 COURSE SYLLABUS INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION Instructor: Kimberly Fenn.B. (2010). Cognitive Psychology: Connecting Mind, Research, and Everyday Experience. Third edition. Belmont, they will not always follow the book. Webpage: As this is an online course, most of the class resources will be posted

Liu, Taosheng

122

SUMMER 2012: ONLINE PSYCHOLOGY 200 COURSE SYLLABUS INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION  

E-print Network

SUMMER 2012: ONLINE PSYCHOLOGY 200 COURSE SYLLABUS INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION Instructor: Kimberly Fenn.B. (2010). Cognitive Psychology: Connecting Mind, Research, and Everyday Experience. Third edition. Belmont, they will not always follow the book. Webpage: As this is an online course, most of the class resources will be posted

Liu, Taosheng

123

SUMMER 2014: ONLINE PSYCHOLOGY 200 COURSE SYLLABUS INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION  

E-print Network

SUMMER 2014: ONLINE PSYCHOLOGY 200 COURSE SYLLABUS INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION Instructor: Kimberly Fenn.B. (2010). Cognitive Psychology: Connecting Mind, Research, and Everyday Experience. Third edition. Belmont, they will not always follow the book. Webpage: As this is an online course, most of the class resources will be posted

Liu, Taosheng

124

Introducing Chemistry Undergraduate Students to Online Chemical Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of manual and online searching are compared during a unit on online chemical information retrieval taught at Hebrew University. Strategies and results obtained are provided for student searches on the synthesis of vitamin K(3) from 2-methylnaphthalene and polywater. (JN)

Wolman, Yecheskel

1985-01-01

125

Making Online Information Accessible to Students with Disabilities, Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the major HTML coding techniques used when making Web pages and online courses accessible to students with disabilities. Examples of accessibility features provided are not difficult for most Web authors to incorporate into their Web pages. With a few adaptations, Web page developers can make online information accessible to students…

Robertson, Janna Siegel; Harris, James Wallace

2003-01-01

126

Information Incorporation in Online InGame Sports Betting Markets  

E-print Network

Information Incorporation in Online In­Game Sports Betting Markets Sandip Debnath, 1;5 David M online in-game sports betting mar- kets (where betting is allowed continuously throughout a game), including 34 markets based on soccer (European football) games from the 2002 World Cup, and 18 basket- ball

Pennock, David M.

127

Information Incorporation in Online In-Game Sports Betting Markets  

E-print Network

Information Incorporation in Online In-Game Sports Betting Markets Sandip Debnath,1,4 David M@cse.psu.edu,giles@ist.psu.edu ABSTRACT We analyze data from 52 online in-game sports betting mar- kets (where betting is allowed continuously throughout a game), including 34 markets based on soccer (European football) games from the 2002

Giles, C. Lee

128

Online Client-Server Load Balancing Without Global Information  

E-print Network

Online Client-Server Load Balancing Without Global Information Baruch Awerbuch Mohammad T work on online load balancing, we do not assume centralized control and seek algorithms and lower of proximity constraints. Motivated by Internet load-balancing applications, such as load-balancing HTTP

Kleinberg, Robert D.

129

On-Line Informed Consent Template The following is a template for informed consent of an on-line survey or questionnaire. It  

E-print Network

On-Line Informed Consent Template The following is a template for informed consent of an on that this study has been explained to you, and that you agree to participate. Example On-Line Informed Consent You

Gering, Jon C.

130

Sharing Metadata: Enabling Online Information Provision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes work being carried out in the fields of online education provision and library systems, beginning with a description of the current state of the art with regard to online learning environments and educational materials management. Suggestions and solutions for librarians dealing with the management of educational digital…

Darzentas, Jenny

131

A Comparison of Traditional and Online Formats in a Public Speaking Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares traditional and online formats in a public speaking course. Gives a description of the online format and notes factors related to selection format. Considers students' global evaluations of format and students' reports of their speaking apprehension. Concludes with an evaluation of public speaking skills. (SG)

Clark, Ruth Anne; Jones, David

2001-01-01

132

The Internet Public Library Online Literary Criticism Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The well-known Internet Public Library has added this new collection to its powerful information lineup. This literary metasite contains over 1,000 annotated metasites and articles devoted to literary criticism, biographical, and other information about 123 authors from Dante Alighieri to Arthur Miller to William Butler Yeats. The links to criticism information can be to sites or articles (some of which have access restrictions). Visitors can browse the site by author, title, or literary period (for British and American literature). In addition, both a literary criticism guide and a pathfinder are provided for those who wish to further explore web and print resources on the topic.

133

The Separate Spheres of Online Health: Gender, Parenting, and Online Health Information Searching in the Information Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this article is to explore how parental status, gender, and their interaction influence a variety of aspects of searching for online health information. Drawing on nationally representative survey data, the results show that in a number of ways parenting and gender have separate but significant influences on the following: online

Stern, Michael J.; Cotten, Shelia R.; Drentea, Patricia

2012-01-01

134

Directing the public to evidence-based online content.  

PubMed

To direct online users searching for gynecologic cancer information to accurate content, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) 'Inside Knowledge: Get the Facts About Gynecologic Cancer' campaign sponsored search engine advertisements in English and Spanish. From June 2012 to August 2013, advertisements appeared when US Google users entered search terms related to gynecologic cancer. Users who clicked on the advertisements were directed to relevant content on the CDC website. Compared with the 3?months before the initiative (March-May 2012), visits to the CDC web pages linked to the advertisements were 26 times higher after the initiative began (June-August 2012) (p<0.01), and 65 times higher when the search engine advertisements were supplemented with promotion on television and additional websites (September 2012-August 2013) (p<0.01). Search engine advertisements can direct users to evidence-based content at a highly teachable moment-when they are seeking relevant information. PMID:25053580

Cooper, Crystale Purvis; Gelb, Cynthia A; Vaughn, Alexandra N; Smuland, Jenny; Hughes, Alexandra G; Hawkins, Nikki A

2014-07-22

135

Education, Training and Marketing for Online Information Retrieval Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses general aspects of education, training, and marketing techniques for on-line searching, and describes methods adopted by 12 organizations in Norway, the Netherlands, France, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium, and Britain that use computers for their bibliographic information requirements. (CWM)

Tedd, Lucy A.

1979-01-01

136

Collection, evaluation, and diffusion of information in online communities  

E-print Network

In this thesis, I study a number of online information communities to understand how open practices are currently used in supporting community functions. By examining how communities operate, I hope to provide individuals ...

Mamas, Evangelos

2006-01-01

137

The Public Life of Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mid-twentieth century marked a shift in Americans' fundamental orientation toward information. Rather than news or knowledge, information became a disembodied quantum--strings of ones and zeros processed, increasingly, by complex machines. This dissertation examines how Americans became acquainted with "information", as newly conceived by…

Rowe, Josh

2011-01-01

138

Overview of RSA Public Key Cryptography Cryptography [This material is available on-line at  

E-print Network

Overview of RSA Public Key Cryptography Cryptography [This material is available on-line at http using her public key. Public-key cryptography generates a public key and a private key by using) would be 1024 bits. Details of RSA cryptography and other cryptography techniques can be found

Kulkarni, Vidyadhar G.

139

SPIRES (Stanford Public Information Retrieval System) 1970-71 Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SPIRES (Stanford Public Information REtrieval System) is a computer information storage and retrieval system being developed at Stanford University with funding from the National Science Foundation. SPIRES has two major goals: to provide a user-oriented, interactive, on-line retrieval system for a variety of researchers at Stanford; and to support…

Parker, Edwin B.

140

A Comparison of Three Online Information Retrieval Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three firms which offer online information retrieval are compared. The firms are Lockheed Information Service, System Development Corporation and the Western Research Application Center. Comparison tables provide information such as hours accessible, coverage, file update, search elements and cost figures for 15 data bases. In addition, general…

Zais, Harriet W.

141

Online Tutorials and Effective Information Literacy Instruction for Distance Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As Internet and computer technologies have evolved, libraries have incorporated these technologies into the delivery of information literacy instruction. Of particular benefit is the ability of online tutorials to deliver information literacy instruction to students not physically present on campus. A survey of library and information science…

Gonzales, Brighid M.

2014-01-01

142

Embed with the Faculty: Legal Information Skills Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article evaluates the Legal Information Skills Tutorial (LIST), a successful multi-media online learning project at the University of Melbourne Law School based on the Council of Australian University Librarians (CAUL) Information Literacy Standards. (Council of Australian University Librarians, Information Literacy Standards (2001)…

Smith, Nicki McLaurin; Presser, Prue

2005-01-01

143

Middle-School Students' Online Information Problem Solving Behaviors on the Information Retrieval Interface  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the near-overload of online information, it is necessary to equip our students with the skills necessary to deal with Information Problem Solving (IPS). This study also intended to help students develop major IPS strategies with the assistance of an instructor's scaffolding in a designed IPS course as well as on an Online Information

Yeh, Yi-Fen; Hsu, Ying-Shao; Chuang, Fu-Tai; Hwang, Fu-Kwun

2014-01-01

144

40 CFR 149.103 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AQUIFERS Review of Projects Affecting the Edwards Underground Reservoir, A Designated Sole Source Aquifer in the San Antonio, Texas Area § 149.103 Public information. After the area is designated under section 1424(e), Federal agencies,...

2013-07-01

145

40 CFR 149.103 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SOURCE AQUIFERS Review of Projects Affecting the Edwards Underground Reservoir, A Designated Sole Source Aquifer in the San Antonio, Texas Area § 149.103 Public information. After the area is designated under section 1424(e), Federal...

2012-07-01

146

40 CFR 149.103 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...SOURCE AQUIFERS Review of Projects Affecting the Edwards Underground Reservoir, A Designated Sole Source Aquifer in the San Antonio, Texas Area § 149.103 Public information. After the area is designated under section 1424(e), Federal...

2014-07-01

147

40 CFR 149.103 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SOURCE AQUIFERS Review of Projects Affecting the Edwards Underground Reservoir, A Designated Sole Source Aquifer in the San Antonio, Texas Area § 149.103 Public information. After the area is designated under section 1424(e), Federal...

2011-07-01

148

39 CFR 963.22 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO VIOLATIONS OF THE PANDERING ADVERTISEMENTS STATUTE, 39 U.S.C. 3008 § 963.22 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains...

2014-07-01

149

39 CFR 963.22 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO VIOLATIONS OF THE PANDERING ADVERTISEMENTS STATUTE, 39 U.S.C. 3008 § 963.22 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains...

2012-07-01

150

40 CFR 149.103 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Affecting the Edwards Underground Reservoir, A Designated Sole Source Aquifer in the San Antonio, Texas Area § 149.103 Public information. After the area is designated under section 1424(e), Federal agencies, for projects, located...

2010-07-01

151

39 CFR 964.22 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GOVERNING DISPOSITION OF MAIL WITHHELD FROM DELIVERY PURSUANT TO 39 U.S.C. 3003, 3004 § 964.22 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2013-07-01

152

39 CFR 964.22 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...GOVERNING DISPOSITION OF MAIL WITHHELD FROM DELIVERY PURSUANT TO 39 U.S.C. 3003, 3004 § 964.22 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2011-07-01

153

39 CFR 964.22 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...GOVERNING DISPOSITION OF MAIL WITHHELD FROM DELIVERY PURSUANT TO 39 U.S.C. 3003, 3004 § 964.22 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2012-07-01

154

39 CFR 964.22 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...GOVERNING DISPOSITION OF MAIL WITHHELD FROM DELIVERY PURSUANT TO 39 U.S.C. 3003, 3004 § 964.22 Public information. The Librarian of the Postal Service maintains for public inspection in the Library copies of all initial, tentative, and final...

2014-07-01

155

The informed society: an analysis of the public's information-seeking behavior regarding coastal flood risks.  

PubMed

Recent flood risk management puts an increasing emphasis on the public's risk perception and its preferences. It is now widely recognized that a better knowledge of the public's awareness and concern about risks is of vital importance to outline effective risk communication strategies. Models such as Risk Information Seeking and Processing address this evolution by considering the public's needs and its information-seeking behavior with regard to risk information. This study builds upon earlier information-seeking models and focuses on the empirical relationships between information-seeking behavior and the constructs of risk perception, perceived hazard knowledge, response efficacy, and information need in the context of coastal flood risks. Specific focus is given to the mediating role of information need in the model and to the differences in information-seeking behavior between permanent and temporary residents. By means of a structured on-line questionnaire, a cross-sectional survey was carried out in the city of Ostend, one of the most vulnerable places to coastal flooding on the Belgian coast. Three hundred thirteen respondents participated in the survey. Path analysis reveals that information need does not act as a mediator in contrast to risk perception and perceived knowledge. In addition, it is shown that risk perception and perceived hazard knowledge are higher for permanent than temporary residents, leading to increased information-seeking behavior among the former group. Implications for risk communication are discussed. PMID:22150511

Kellens, Wim; Zaalberg, Ruud; De Maeyer, Philippe

2012-08-01

156

Sexual Health Information Seeking Online Among Runaway and Homeless Youth.  

PubMed

Research shows runaway and homeless youth are reluctant to seek help from traditional health providers. The Internet can be useful in engaging this population and meeting their needs for sexual health information, including information about HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Using a sample of homeless youth living in Los Angeles, California in June 2009, this study assesses the frequency with which runaway and homeless youth seek sexual health information via the Internet, and assesses which youth are more likely to engage in seeking health information from online sources. Drawing from Andersen's (1968) health behavior model and Pescosolido's (1992) network episode model, we develop and refine a model for seeking online sexual health information among homeless youth. Rather than testing the predicative strength of a given model, our aim is to identify and explore conceptually driven correlates that may shed light on the characteristics associated with these help seeking behaviors among homeless youth. Analyses using multivariate logistic regression models reveal that among the sample of youth, females and gay males most frequently seek sexual health information online. We demonstrate the structure of social network ties (e.g., connection with parents) and the content of interactions (e.g., e-mail forwards of health information) across ties are critical correlates of online sexual health information seeking. Results show a continued connection with parents via the Internet is significantly associated with youth seeking HIV or STI information. Similarly for content of interactions, more youth who were sent health information online also reported seeking HIV information and HIV-testing information. We discuss implications for intervention and practice, focusing on how the Internet may be used for dissemination of sexual health information and as a resource for social workers to link transient, runaway, and homeless youth to care. PMID:22247795

Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Rice, Eric

2011-06-01

157

Environmental Programs Information: Affecting Kansas Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a brief overview of the environmental issues that affect Kansas public schools. Specific programs that address these problems are included, along with their contact information. This document contains information on the following issues and programs: (1) Department of Health and Environment; (2) air; (3) asbestos; (4)…

Kansas State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

158

Online GIS services for mapping and sharing disease information  

PubMed Central

Background Disease data sharing is important for the collaborative preparation, response, and recovery stages of disease control. Disease phenomena are strongly associated with spatial and temporal factors. Web-based Geographical Information Systems provide a real-time and dynamic way to represent disease information on maps. However, data heterogeneities, integration, interoperability, and cartographical representation are still major challenges in the health geographic fields. These challenges cause barriers in extensively sharing health data and restrain the effectiveness in understanding and responding to disease outbreaks. To overcome these challenges in disease data mapping and sharing, the senior authors have designed an interoperable service oriented architecture based on Open Geospatial Consortium specifications to share the spatio-temporal disease information. Results A case study of infectious disease mapping across New Brunswick (Canada) and Maine (USA) was carried out to evaluate the proposed architecture, which uses standard Web Map Service, Styled Layer Descriptor and Web Map Context specifications. The case study shows the effectiveness of an infectious disease surveillance system and enables cross-border visualization, analysis, and sharing of infectious disease information through interactive maps and/or animation in collaboration with multiple partners via a distributed network. It enables data sharing and users' collaboration in an open and interactive manner. Conclusion In this project, we develop a service oriented architecture for online disease mapping that is distributed, loosely coupled, and interoperable. An implementation of this architecture has been applied to the New Brunswick and Maine infectious disease studies. We have shown that the development of standard health services and spatial data infrastructure can enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of public health surveillance. PMID:18298859

Gao, Sheng; Mioc, Darka; Anton, Francois; Yi, Xiaolun; Coleman, David J

2008-01-01

159

Viral information propagation in the Digg online social network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose the use of a variant of the epidemiological SIR model to accurately describe the diffusion of online content over the online social network Digg.com. We examine the qualitative properties of our viral information propagation model, demonstrate the model’s applications to social media spread in online social networks with particular focus on accurately predicting user voting behavior over a period of 50 h. The model allows us to characterize the peak time, turning point, viral period and final size (total number of votes), and gives much improved prediction of user voting behaviors than other established models.

Freeman, Mark; McVittie, James; Sivak, Iryna; Wu, Jianhong

2014-12-01

160

Online Learning as Information Delivery: Digital Myopia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In business and commerce, the concept of marketing myopia has been a useful tool to predict, analyze and explain the rise and fall of businesses. In this article, we question whether the concept can also be used to predict the ultimate downfall of online learning in higher education, if universities continue to confuse their key mission-education-…

Herrington, Jan; Reeves, Thomas C.; Oliver, Ron

2005-01-01

161

ODLIS - Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every field has their own vocabulary of words that can sound like a foreign language to any 'outsider' and Library and Information Science is no different. This online dictionary helps define the multitude of terms an aspiring librarian or librarian technician may encounter. Print versions are also available in hardcover or paperback. Joan M. Reitz, Associate Librarian for Instruction at the Ruth A. Haas Library, Western Connecticut State University, created both online and print versions.

Reitz, Joan M.

162

Research Paper: Seeking Health Information Online: Does Wikipedia Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo determine the significance of the English Wikipedia as a source of online health information.DesignThe authors measured Wikipedia?s ranking on general Internet search engines by entering keywords from MedlinePlus, NHS Direct Online, and the National Organization of Rare Diseases as queries into search engine optimization software. We assessed whether article quality influenced this ranking. The authors tested whether traffic to

MichaëlR Laurent; Tim J. Vickers

2009-01-01

163

Public Claims about Automatic External Defibrillators: An Online Consumer Opinions Study  

PubMed Central

Background Patients are no longer passive recipients of health care, and increasingly engage in health communications outside of the traditional patient and health care professional relationship. As a result, patient opinions and health related judgements are now being informed by a wide range of social, media, and online information sources. Government initiatives recognise self-delivery of health care as a valuable means of responding to the anticipated increased global demand for health resources. Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs), designed for the treatment of Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA), have recently become available for 'over the counter' purchase with no need for a prescription. This paper explores the claims and argumentation of lay persons and health care practitioners and professionals relating to these, and how these may impact on the acceptance, adoption and use of these devices within the home context. Methods We carry out a thematic content analysis of a novel form of Internet-based data: online consumer opinions of AED devices posted on Amazon.com, the world's largest online retailer. A total of #83 online consumer reviews of home AEDs are analysed. The analysis is both inductive, identifying themes that emerged from the data, exploring the parameters of public debate relating to these devices, and also driven by theory, centring around the parameters that may impact upon the acceptance, adoption and use of these devices within the home as indicated by the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). Results Five high-level themes around which arguments for and against the adoption of home AEDs are identified and considered in the context of TAM. These include opinions relating to device usability, usefulness, cost, emotional implications of device ownership, and individual patient risk status. Emotional implications associated with AED acceptance, adoption and use emerged as a notable factor that is not currently reflected within the existing TAM. Conclusions The value, credibility and implications of the findings of this study are considered within the context of existing AED research, and related to technology acceptance theory. From a methodological perspective, this study demonstrates the potential value of online consumer reviews as a novel data source for exploring the parameters of public debate relating to emerging health care technologies. PMID:21592349

2011-01-01

164

Factors Affecting the Adoption of On-Line Search Services by the Public Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Costs and cost-related factors connected with providing on-line search services through the public library are examined. The examination was based on preliminary results from an on-going evaluation of an experimental program (DIALIB). In the DIALIB experiment Lockheed's DIALOG search service was available to the public through four public

Ahlgren, Alice E.

165

Florida Public Health Training Center: Evidence-Based Online Mentor Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an Online Mentor Program (OMP) designed to support and facilitate mentorships among and between Florida Department of Health (FDOH) employees and USF College of Public Health students using a Web-based portal. The Florida Public Health Training Center (FPHTC) at the University of South Florida (USF) College of Public Health…

Frahm, Kathryn A.; Alsac-Seitz, Biray; Mescia, Nadine; Brown, Lisa M.; Hyer, Kathy; Liburd, Desiree; Rogoff, David P.; Troutman, Adewale

2013-01-01

166

The Study on Early Warning of Online Public Crisis Based on Intelligent Meta Search Engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development and application of Internet provides public organizations and individuals the access to express their opinions, thereby the focus of governmental management shift to the internet domain from the traditional field in dealing with the public crisis. By combining Agent Technique and Meta-search Engine Technique, the paper analyzes and designs its framework and functional modules of the online public

Zhan-ping Wang; Xiao Xiao

2011-01-01

167

Cookies and Web browser design: toward realizing informed consent online  

Microsoft Academic Search

We first provide criteria for assessing informed consent online. Then we examine how cookie technology and Web browser designs have responded to concerns about informed consent. Specifically, we document relevant design changes in Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer over a 5-year period, starting in 1995. Our retrospective analyses leads us to conclude that while cookie technology has improved over time

Lynette I. Millett; Batya Friedman; Edward W. Felten

2001-01-01

168

SUMMER 2011: ONLINE PSYCHOLOGY 200 COURSE SYLLABUS INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION  

E-print Network

SUMMER 2011: ONLINE PSYCHOLOGY 200 COURSE SYLLABUS INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION Instructor: Kimberly Fenn.B. (2008). Cognitive Psychology: Connecting Mind, Research, and Everyday Experience. Belmont, CA: Thompson attempt to hold your interest and help you integrate the information, they will not always follow the book

Liu, Taosheng

169

Audience/Online Information Interactions: New Research in Learning Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation proposes the need for a paradigmatic shift in the production of formal and behavioral online information to accommodate the differing learning preferences of its audiences. Developments in the presentation of information itself and the management of its complexity have not progressed at the same rate as the technology that…

Fong, Michele Wong Kung

2010-01-01

170

Research to Go: Taking an Information Literacy Credit Course Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adapting an existing face-to-face information literacy course that teaches undergraduates how to successfully conduct research and creating an online or hybrid version is a multi-step process. It begins with a desire to reach more students and help them achieve academic success. The primary learning outcomes for any information literacy course are…

Long, Jessica; Burke, John J.; Tumbleson, Beth

2012-01-01

171

[Online communication regarding health promotion and protection: the public health perspective].  

PubMed

Currently web health portals are moving away from providing institutional and administrative types of information towards a more interactive type of communication focused on providing citizens and health care professionals various services associated with health promotion and on facilitating access to healthcare services. The aim of this study was to provide guidance in the planning and conduction of online health promotion and protection communication activities that will contribute to the process of community empowerment repeatedly called upon by the WHO. For this purpose, the authors conducted an analysis of the epidemiology of the determinants of health and disease in Italy as well as two systematic revisions of the literature regarding web-based health information needs of citizens and the efficacy of health promotion and preventative interventions administered via the internet. Although current scientific evidence suggests that some interventions (e.g. expert systems or tailored interventions) are more effective with respect to others (e.g. online support groups or other types of interventions), common sense suggests that public health computer platforms such as the " citizens' channel" of the Ministry of Health web portal should implement hybrid models, i.e. models that contain various types of interventions, and should provide access to both general information and to interactive and personalized programs. PMID:22508647

D'Addario, Maddalena; De Vito, Corrado; Marzuillo, Carolina; Vacchio, Maria Rosaria; Ferroni, Eliana; Villari, Paolo

2011-01-01

172

Financing Online Search Services in Publicly Supported Libraries. The Report of an ALA Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 1981 the American Library Association (ALA) conducted a survey to determine how online search services are financed in publicly-supported libraries and in libraries in nonprofit organizations. The survey questionnaire was prepared by the ALA Office for Research (OFR), and three vendors of online services--BRS, Lockheed, and SDC--mailed the…

Lynch, Mary Jo

173

Interactive Learning Online at Public Universities: Evidence from a Six-Campus Randomized Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online instruction is quickly gaining in importance in U.S. higher education, but little rigorous evidence exists as to its effect on student learning. We measure the effect on learning outcomes of a prototypical interactive learning online statistics course by randomly assigning students on six public university campuses to take the course in a…

Bowen, William G.; Chingos, Matthew M.; Lack, Kelly A.; Nygren, Thomas I.

2014-01-01

174

Case Study of a Secondary Online Program in a Large, Diverse Midwestern Public School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a time of growth in secondary education online programs, there have been few studies directed at understanding secondary online programs and the students they serve. That is particularly true for large, inner-city public school districts with a diverse student body. This is a mixed methods case study which identified that students' primary…

Cruzan, Carla Dale

2010-01-01

175

Predicting Online Learning Success: Applying the Situational Theory of Publics to the Virtual Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the trend of increased interest by students to take online courses and by institutions to offer them, scholars have taken many different approaches to understand what makes one student successful in online learning while another may fail. This study proposes that using the situational theory of publics will provide a better understanding…

Kruger-Ross, Matthew J.; Waters, Richard D.

2013-01-01

176

Pilot Test of the Online Public Access Catalog Project's User and Nonuser Questionnaires. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the pilot data collections and post-questionnaire interview activities of the Council on Library Resources (CLR)/Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) Online Public Access Project. The background of the project is briefly described, the purpose and adminstration of the post-questionnaire interviews are outlined, and pilot…

Markey, Karen

177

Attributes of Interactive Online Health Information Systems  

PubMed Central

The development of online communication systems related to prevention, decision making, and coping with cancer has outpaced theoretical attention to the attributes that appeal to system users and that create effective interactions. This essay reviews a number of sociotechnical attributes related to online discussion systems and tutorials, including interactivity, presence, homophily, social distance, anonymity/privacy, and interaction management. These attributes are derived from different theoretical perspectives which have led to clinical trials and other empirical studies demonstrating effectiveness or attraction to end users. The effects of a subset of these attributes are connected to learning, social influence, and coping, as illustrated in evaluations of an interactive smoking prevention site and a cancer advice/support discussion system. PMID:15998624

Pingree, Suzanne; Hawkins, Robert P; Buller, David B

2005-01-01

178

2012NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. Nature GeNetics ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION  

E-print Network

©2012NatureAmerica,Inc.Allrightsreserved. Nature GeNetics ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION l e t t e r, with the exception of one pair of concordant monozygotic twins, and no parental consanguinity has been reported2

179

Travel Medicine Online International sources of travel medicine information on the Internet.  

PubMed

Access to global information through the Internet has become an essential ingredient to successful practice in travel medicine. Internet sites that may be useful to travel health practitioners include those that represent international organisations (eg. ), national and international professional bodies (eg. ), national public health and disease control centres (eg. ). These useful sites often include online journals, geographic epidemiological information, regular outbreak alerts and news and downloadable information sheets for travellers, as well as those providing official guidelines and policies in travel medicine. It is also useful to have access to search engines, which can search the literature as well as the Internet. PMID:17291924

Leggat, Peter A

2003-11-01

180

Essential elements of online information networks on invasive alien species  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In order to be effective, information must be placed in the proper context and organized in a manner that is logical and (preferably) standardized. Recently, invasive alien species (IAS) scientists have begun to create online networks to share their information concerning IAS prevention and control. At a special networking session at the Beijing International Symposium on Biological Invasions, an online Eastern Asia-North American IAS Information Network (EA-NA Network) was proposed. To prepare for the development of this network, and to provide models for other regional collaborations, we compare four examples of global, regional, and national online IAS information networks: the Global Invasive Species Information Network, the Invasives Information Network of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network, the Chinese Species Information System, and the Invasive Species Information Node of the US National Biological Information Infrastructure. We conclude that IAS networks require a common goal, dedicated leaders, effective communication, and broad endorsement, in order to obtain sustainable, long-term funding and long-term stability. They need to start small, use the experience of other networks, partner with others, and showcase benefits. Global integration and synergy among invasive species networks will succeed with contributions from both the top-down and the bottom-up. ?? 2006 Springer.

Simpson, A.; Sellers, E.; Grosse, A.; Xie, Y.

2006-01-01

181

Public Preferences about Secondary Uses of Electronic Health Information  

PubMed Central

Importance As health information technology grows secondary uses of personal health information offer promise in advancing research, public health, and health care. Public perceptions about personal health data sharing are important to establish and evaluate ethical and regulatory structures for overseeing the use of these data. Objective Measure patient preferences toward sharing their electronic health information for secondary purposes—uses other than their own health care.. Design In this conjoint analysis study, participants were randomized to receive 6 of 18 scenarios describing secondary uses of electronic health information, constructed with 3 attributes: uses (research, health care quality improvement, marketing), users (university hospital, drug company, public health department), and data sensitivity (medical history, medical history plus genetic test results). This experimental design enabled participants to reveal their preferences for secondary uses of their personal health information. Setting and Participants We surveyed 3,336 Hispanic (n=568), non-Hispanic African American (n=500), and non-Hispanic White (n=2,268) adults representing 65.1% of those from a nationally representative, online panel. Main Outcomes and Measures Participants responded to each conjoint scenario by rating their willingness to share their electronic personal health information on a 1–10 scale (1=low, 10=high). Conjoint analysis yields importance weights reflecting the contribution of a dimension (use, user, sensitivity) to willingness to share personal health information. Results The use of data was the most important factor in the conjoint analysis (63.4% importance weight) compared to the user (32.6% importance weight) and data sensitivity (importance weight: 3.1%). In unadjusted models, marketing uses (?1.55, p<0.001), quality improvement uses (?0.51, p<0.001), drug company users (?0.80, p<0.001) and public health department users (?0.52, p<0.001) were associated with less willingness to share health information compared to research (use) and university hospitals (users). Hispanics and African-Americans discriminated less between the three uses compared to Whites. Conclusions and Relevance Participants cared most about the specific purpose for using their health information, though differences were smaller among racial and ethnic minorities. The user of the information was of secondary importance and the sensitivity of information was not a significant factor. These preferences should be considered in policies governing secondary uses of health information. PMID:23958803

Grande, David; Mitra, Nandita; Shah, Anand; Wan, Fei; Asch, David A.

2014-01-01

182

The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere on the Internet: Focused on New Media Literacy and Collectivity of Online Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the case of one online disputant, Minerva, this study intended to see the possibilities of online communities as the public sphere. Minerva's postings and comments were analyzed using discourse analysis and ground theory. It was found that the online community did act as the public sphere at that time, such as setting agenda and…

Shin, Jiwon

2013-01-01

183

Health Journalists and Three Levels of Public Information: Issue and Agenda Disparities?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a 2-phase study of the sources of information health journalists use and rely upon for writing health news stories. The 1st phase of the study includes both depth interviews and an online survey with 188 health journalists. Phase 2 of the study extends the findings from Phase 1, with particular attention paid to the roles of public health

Ruthann Weaver Lariscy; Elizabeth Johnson Avery; Youngju Sohn

2010-01-01

184

The Use of Deception in Public Health Behavioral Intervention Trials: A Case Study of Three Online Alcohol Trials  

PubMed Central

Some public health behavioral intervention research studies involve deception. A methodological imperative to minimize bias can be in conflict with the ethical principle of informed consent. As a case study, we examine the specific forms of deception used in three online randomized controlled trials evaluating brief alcohol interventions. We elaborate our own decision making about the use of deception in these trials, and present our ongoing findings and uncertainties. We discuss the value of the approach of pragmatism for examining these kinds of ethical issues that can arise in research on public health interventions. PMID:24161181

McCambridge, Jim; Kypri, Kypros; Bendtsen, Preben; Porter, John

2013-01-01

185

Alternative Farming Systems Information Center: Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Department of Agriculture's website has a special section devoted to alternative farming systems, which include ecological pest management, value-added enterprises, agritourism, renewable energy on the farm, and aquaculture. Visitors will find the publications section related to alternative farming system to be filled with resources on a multitude of subjects. "Sustainability in Agriculture" is the first topic on the homepage, and includes a publication updated in 2007, called "Sustainable Agriculture: Definitions and Terms", that should be a good start for many visitors. Visitors interested in learning how to engage in sustainable agriculture methods, should take a look at "Sustainable Agriculture: Information Access Tools" published in 2009. The tools include publications on "Automated Database Searches", "Research Funding Resources", and "Top 10 research Journals". An informative piece of writing about the evolution of organic/sustainable agriculture is also available here.

186

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY  

E-print Network

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL in which the solar wind is thought to originate." The mission operations team at Jet Propulsion Laboratory by NASA's Deep Space Network, which is managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. ##### #1385/JPL-PIO #12;

Christian, Eric

187

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY  

E-print Network

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE December 5, 1994 Scientists from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the European Space, NASA project scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, who is participating in today's press

Christian, Eric

188

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY  

E-print Network

PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL manager at NASA'Ă­s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Distance from Earth at perihelion, or closest approach above the Sun's poles. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the U.S. portion of the mission for NASA

Christian, Eric

189

Lessons Learned About Public Health from Online Crowd Surveillance  

PubMed Central

Abstract The Internet has forever changed the way people access information and make decisions about their healthcare needs. Patients now share information about their health at unprecedented rates on social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook and on medical discussion boards. In addition to explicitly shared information about health conditions through posts, patients reveal data on their inner fears and desires about health when searching for health-related keywords on search engines. Data are also generated by the use of mobile phone applications that track users' health behaviors (e.g., eating and exercise habits) as well as give medical advice. The data generated through these applications are mined and repackaged by surveillance systems developed by academics, companies, and governments alike to provide insight to patients and healthcare providers for medical decisions. Until recently, most Internet research in public health has been surveillance focused or monitoring health behaviors. Only recently have researchers used and interacted with the crowd to ask questions and collect health-related data. In the future, we expect to move from this surveillance focus to the “ideal” of Internet-based patient-level interventions where healthcare providers help patients change their health behaviors. In this article, we highlight the results of our prior research on crowd surveillance and make suggestions for the future. PMID:25045598

Merchant, Raina; Ungar, Lyle

2013-01-01

190

LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT PUBLIC HEALTH FROM ONLINE CROWD SURVEILLANCE.  

PubMed

The Internet has forever changed the way people access information and make decisions about their healthcare needs. Patients now share information about their health at unprecedented rates on social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook and on medical discussion boards. In addition to explicitly shared information about health conditions through posts, patients reveal data on their inner fears and desires about health when searching for health-related keywords on search engines. Data are also generated by the use of mobile phone applications that track users' health behaviors (e.g., eating and exercise habits) as well as give medical advice. The data generated through these applications are mined and repackaged by surveillance systems developed by academics, companies, and governments alike to provide insight to patients and healthcare providers for medical decisions. Until recently, most Internet research in public health has been surveillance focused or monitoring health behaviors. Only recently have researchers used and interacted with the crowd to ask questions and collect health-related data. In the future, we expect to move from this surveillance focus to the "ideal" of Internet-based patient-level interventions where healthcare providers help patients change their health behaviors. In this article, we highlight the results of our prior research on crowd surveillance and make suggestions for the future. PMID:25045598

Hill, Shawndra; Merchant, Raina; Ungar, Lyle

2013-09-10

191

78 FR 32234 - Notice of Request for Extension of a Currently Approved Information Collection: Public Health...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Approved Information Collection: Public Health Information System--Animal...and rabbit slaughter for the Public Health Information System--Animal...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Public Health Information System--...

2013-05-29

192

Publicity, Privacy, and Permanence of Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The quantum principles of superposition and entanglement have led to a recasting of the foundations of information and computation theory, and are especially helpful in understanding the nature of privacy. The most private information, exemplified by a quantum eraser experiment, is best regarded as existing only conditionally and temporarily-after the experiment is over no trace remains. Less private is classically-secret information-quantum information that has decohered, and thus become recoverable in principle, though not in practice, from portions of the environment. Finally there is public information, which has been replicated so thoroughly throughout the environment as to be infeasible to conceal. The Internet has caused an explosion of public information, with the beneficial side effect of making it harder for despots to rewrite the history of their misdeeds, and it is tempting to hope that all macroscopic information is permanent, making such cover-ups impossible in principle if not in practice. However, by comparing entropy flows into and out of the Earth with estimates of the planet's storage capacity, we conclude that most macroscopic information-for example the pattern of sand grains on an ancient beach-is impermanent, in the sense of becoming irrecoverable in principle from the Earth though still recorded in the Universe.

Bennett, Charles H.

2006-11-01

193

49 CFR 38.87 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Public information system. 38.87 Section 38...Systems § 38.87 Public information system. (a) Each vehicle shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2011-10-01

194

49 CFR 38.61 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Public information system. 38.61 Section 38...Systems § 38.61 Public information system. (a)(1) Requirements...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2010-10-01

195

49 CFR 38.103 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Public information system. 38.103 Section 38...Systems § 38.103 Public information system. (a) Each car shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2010-10-01

196

49 CFR 38.103 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Public information system. 38.103 Section 38...Systems § 38.103 Public information system. (a) Each car shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2014-10-01

197

49 CFR 38.87 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Public information system. 38.87 Section 38...Systems § 38.87 Public information system. (a) Each vehicle shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2014-10-01

198

49 CFR 38.103 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Public information system. 38.103 Section 38...Systems § 38.103 Public information system. (a) Each car shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2012-10-01

199

49 CFR 38.87 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Public information system. 38.87 Section 38...Systems § 38.87 Public information system. (a) Each vehicle shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2010-10-01

200

49 CFR 38.121 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Public information system. 38.121 Section 38...Systems § 38.121 Public information system. (a) Each car shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2014-10-01

201

49 CFR 38.61 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Public information system. 38.61 Section 38...Systems § 38.61 Public information system. (a)(1) Requirements...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2014-10-01

202

49 CFR 38.121 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Public information system. 38.121 Section 38...Systems § 38.121 Public information system. (a) Each car shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2011-10-01

203

49 CFR 38.121 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Public information system. 38.121 Section 38...Systems § 38.121 Public information system. (a) Each car shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2012-10-01

204

49 CFR 38.61 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Public information system. 38.61 Section 38...Systems § 38.61 Public information system. (a)(1) Requirements...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2013-10-01

205

49 CFR 38.61 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Public information system. 38.61 Section 38...Systems § 38.61 Public information system. (a)(1) Requirements...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2011-10-01

206

49 CFR 38.103 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Public information system. 38.103 Section 38...Systems § 38.103 Public information system. (a) Each car shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2011-10-01

207

49 CFR 38.103 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Public information system. 38.103 Section 38...Systems § 38.103 Public information system. (a) Each car shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2013-10-01

208

49 CFR 38.121 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Public information system. 38.121 Section 38...Systems § 38.121 Public information system. (a) Each car shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2013-10-01

209

49 CFR 38.87 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Public information system. 38.87 Section 38...Systems § 38.87 Public information system. (a) Each vehicle shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2012-10-01

210

49 CFR 38.61 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Public information system. 38.61 Section 38...Systems § 38.61 Public information system. (a)(1) Requirements...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2012-10-01

211

49 CFR 38.121 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Public information system. 38.121 Section 38...Systems § 38.121 Public information system. (a) Each car shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2010-10-01

212

49 CFR 38.87 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Public information system. 38.87 Section 38...Systems § 38.87 Public information system. (a) Each vehicle shall...and provide other passenger information. Alternative systems or devices which...

2013-10-01

213

5 CFR 294.201 - Public information policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Public information policy. 294.201 Section...Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS AVAILABILITY OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION The Public Information Function § 294.201...

2010-01-01

214

Public information, dissemination, and behavior analysis  

PubMed Central

Behavior analysts have become increasingly concerned about inaccuracies and misconceptions in the public, educational, and professional information portraying their activities, but have done little to correct these views. The present paper has two purposes in this regard. First, the paper describes some of the conditions that have given rise to these concerns. Second, and more important, the paper surveys various procedures and programs for the dissemination of public information that may correct inaccuracies and misconceptions. Special consideration is also given to issues involving (a) the assessment of the problem, (b) the content and means of dissemination, (c) the possible contributions of behavior analysts to current misunderstandings, and (d) relationships between behavior analysts and the media. The dissemination of accurate and unbiased information constitutes an important new undertaking for behavior analysis. The future of the field may depend in part on such activity. PMID:22478623

Morris, Edward K.

1985-01-01

215

The dimensions of accessibility to online information: implications for implementing office information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research has found a positive correlation between the perceived accessibility of information and information use. The underlying dimensions of information accessibility, however, have not been investigated empirically. The present field study measures end-user perceptions of three online information retrieval systems and one electronic mail system. User ratings of the four systems are collected and factor-analyzed. The results suggest that

Mary J. Culnan

1984-01-01

216

Information Technology Online: A Knowledge Framework for Curriculum Externalisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Faced with increasing competition for students and funds, Australian universities hope that innovative technologies will provide the capability to offer flexible learning pathways that meet the needs of current and future students. However, the application of such technologies to develop an IT (information technology) degree for online external delivery is a difficult and complex process with both technological and human

Andrew Finegan; Jodi Tutty; Barbara White

217

Online Cultural Heritage Exhibitions: A Survey of Information Retrieval Features  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: What kinds of online cultural heritage exhibitions are now available on the internet? How far have these cultural heritage institutions voyaged in terms of harnessing the power of information and communication technology and the interactivity of multimedia systems to exhibit cultural heritage resources? This study aims to highlight the…

Liew, Chern Li

2005-01-01

218

Epistemic Metacognition in Context: Evaluating and Learning Online Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined epistemic metacognition as a reflective activity about knowledge and knowing in the context of online information searching on the Web, and whether it was related to prior knowledge on the topic, study approach, and domain-specific beliefs about science. In addition, we investigated whether Internet-based learning was…

Mason, Lucia; Boldrin, Angela; Ariasi, Nicola

2010-01-01

219

Information Age Innovations: A Case Study of Online Professional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An online professional development course, Telecommunications and Information Access, offers educators the opportunity to earn graduate credit, learn about an emerging technological field, and interact using a telecommunication network. This independent study course offered by the University of Oregon and the International Society for Technology…

Schrum, Lynne

220

Alaska Master Gardener Online Course Syllabus 1. Course Information  

E-print Network

Alaska Master Gardener Online Course Syllabus 1. Course Information Title: Alaska Master Gardener Gannon Email: master.gardener@alaska.edu Phone: (907) 452-8251 ext. 3281 Website: http://www.uaf.edu/ces/gardening-pubs@alaska.edu The text is the Sustainable Gardening: The Alaska Master Gardener Manual HGA-00339 published by UAF

Sikes, Derek S.

221

Online banking information: what we want and what we get  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on young adults’ expectations and perceptions of online retail banking information. A combination of qualitative and quantitative research was used. Focus groups proved valuable in eliciting criteria grounded in the experience of users of bank Web sites. The subsequent questionnaire survey allowed the measurement of gaps between perceptions and expectations. The results indicate that respondents expect bank

Kathryn Waite; Tina Harrison

2004-01-01

222

Public knowledge and preventive behavior during a large-scale Salmonella outbreak: results from an online survey in the Netherlands  

PubMed Central

Background Food-borne Salmonella infections are a worldwide concern. During a large-scale outbreak, it is important that the public follows preventive advice. To increase compliance, insight in how the public gathers its knowledge and which factors determine whether or not an individual complies with preventive advice is crucial. Methods In 2012, contaminated salmon caused a large Salmonella Thompson outbreak in the Netherlands. During the outbreak, we conducted an online survey (n?=?1,057) to assess the general public’s perceptions, knowledge, preventive behavior and sources of information. Results Respondents perceived Salmonella infections and the 2012 outbreak as severe (m?=?4.21; five-point scale with 5 as severe). Their knowledge regarding common food sources, the incubation period and regular treatment of Salmonella (gastro-enteritis) was relatively low (e.g., only 28.7% knew that Salmonella is not normally treated with antibiotics). Preventive behavior differed widely, and the majority (64.7%) did not check for contaminated salmon at home. Most information about the outbreak was gathered through traditional media and news and newspaper websites. This was mostly determined by time spent on the medium. Social media played a marginal role. Wikipedia seemed a potentially important source of information. Conclusions To persuade the public to take preventive actions, public health organizations should deliver their message primarily through mass media. Wikipedia seems a promising instrument for educating the public about food-borne Salmonella. PMID:24479614

2014-01-01

223

An On-Line Information Management System for Resources for Staff Development for the Professional Development Center Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Professional Development Center Network (PDC), a consortium of twenty public school districts, parochial schools, and Western Kentucky University, seeks to identify and secure resources to assist in the design and delivery of activities appropriate to the educational development of individual staff members through the online Information

Monroe, Eula Ewing

224

FEDIX on-line information service: Design, develop, test, and implement, an on-line research and education information service  

SciTech Connect

The FEDIX Annual Status Report provides details regarding an on-line information project designed, developed and implemented by Federal Information Exchange, Inc., a diversified information services company. This document details the project design activities, summarizes the developmental phases of the project and describes the implementation activities generated to fulfill the project's objectives. The information contained in this document illustrates FIE's continuing commitment to serve as the link that facilitates the dissemination of federal information to the education community. This report reviews the project accomplishments and describes intended service enhancements.

Rodman, J.A.

1992-01-01

225

Viral spreading of daily information in online social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We explain a possible mechanism of an information spreading on a network which spreads extremely far from a seed node, namely the viral spreading. On the basis of a model of the information spreading in an online social network, in which the dynamics is expressed as a random multiplicative process of the spreading rates, we will show that the correlation between the spreading rates enhances the chance of the viral spreading, shifting the tipping point at which the spreading goes viral.

Kawamoto, Tatsuro; Hatano, Naomichi

2014-07-01

226

78 FR 5478 - Notice of Revised Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Authority Executive...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Public Housing Authority Executive Compensation Information AGENCY: Office...Public Housing Authority Executive Compensation Information. OMB Control...similar to the information that non-profit organizations receiving...8 and Section 9 funds to pay the salaries of PHA...

2013-01-25

227

Interactive energy atlas for Colorado and New Mexico: an online resource for decisionmakers and the public  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Throughout the western United States, increased demand for energy is driving the rapid development of oil, gas (including shale gas and coal-bed methane), and uranium, as well as renewable energy resources such as geothermal, solar, and wind. Much of the development in the West is occurring on public lands, including those under Federal and State jurisdictions. In Colorado and New Mexico, these public lands make up about 40 percent of the land area. Both states benefit from the revenue generated by energy production, but resource managers and other decisionmakers must balance the benefits of energy development with the potential consequences for ecosystems, recreation, and other resources. Although a substantial amount of geospatial data on existing energy development and energy potential is available, much of this information is not readily accessible to natural resource decisionmakers, policymakers, or the public. Furthermore, the data often exist in varied formats, requiring considerable processing before these datasets can be used to evaluate tradeoffs among resources, compare development alternatives, or quantify cumulative impacts. To allow for a comprehensive evaluation among different energy types, an interdisciplinary team of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists has developed an online Interactive Energy Atlas for Colorado and New Mexico. The Energy and Environment in the Rocky Mountain Area (EERMA) interdisciplinary team includes investigators from several USGS science centers1. The purpose of the EERMA Interactive Energy Atlas is to facilitate access to geospatial data related to energy resources, energy infrastructure, and natural resources that may be affected by energy development. The Atlas is designed to meet the needs of various users, including GIS analysts, resource managers, policymakers, and the public, who seek information about energy in the western United States. Currently, the Atlas has two primary capabilities, a GIS data viewer and an interactive map gallery.

Carr, N.B.; Babel, N.; Diffendorfer, J.; Ignizio, D.; Hawkins, S.; Latysh, N.; Leib, K.; Linard, J.; Matherne, A.

2012-01-01

228

Compendium of On-Line Soil Survey Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

D.G. Rossiter from the International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation has compiled the Compendium of On-Line Soil Survey Information. The Soil Survey Institutes & Activities page contains information about and links to soil survey institutes from around the world and the digital soil geographic databases they offer. Example institutes include Scotland's Macaulay Land Use Research Institute, Belgium's Research Team Laboratory for Soil and Water, Romania's Research Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry, the Natural Resources Conservation Service, and many more. Anyone conducting similar research or interested in worldwide soil information will surely appreciate this simple but helpful resource.

Rossiter, D.G. (David G.)

229

ODLIS: Online Dictionary of Library and Information Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online dictionary, newly updated, provides a glossary of over 1,800 terms related to library and information sciences, with an emphasis on online library science. Once a handout for author Joan Reitz's undergraduate students in library sciences at Western Connecticut State University, the dictionary has expanded over the years to its present substantial HTML incarnation. The entries are well written and professional and should be of use to students, librarians, and even those patrons who are tired of being intimidated by not knowing what exactly "Boolean" or "MARC" mean.

230

Photosynthesis online.  

PubMed

Online access to the Internet and the World Wide Web have become important for public awareness and for educating the world's population, including its political leaders, students, researchers, teachers, and ordinary citizens seeking information. Relevant information on photosynthesis-related Web sites and other online locations is grouped into several categories: (1) group sites, (2) sites by subject, (3) individual researcher's sites, (4) sites for educators and students, and (5) other useful sites. PMID:20577902

Orr, Larry; Govindjee

2010-08-01

231

Interventions to Assist Health Consumers to Find Reliable Online Health Information: A Comprehensive Review  

PubMed Central

Background Health information on the Internet is ubiquitous, and its use by health consumers prevalent. Finding and understanding relevant online health information, and determining content reliability, pose real challenges for many health consumers. Purpose To identify the types of interventions that have been implemented to assist health consumers to find reliable online health information, and where possible, describe and compare the types of outcomes studied. Data Sources PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus and Cochrane Library databases; WorldCat and Scirus ‘gray literature’ search engines; and manual review of reference lists of selected publications. Study Selection Publications were selected by firstly screening title, abstract, and then full text. Data Extraction Seven publications met the inclusion criteria, and were summarized in a data extraction form. The form incorporated the PICOS (Population Intervention Comparators Outcomes and Study Design) Model. Two eligible gray literature papers were also reported. Data Synthesis Relevant data from included studies were tabulated to enable descriptive comparison. A brief critique of each study was included in the tables. This review was unable to follow systematic review methods due to the paucity of research and humanistic interventions reported. Limitations While extensive, the gray literature search may have had limited reach in some countries. The paucity of research on this topic limits conclusions that may be drawn. Conclusions The few eligible studies predominantly adopted a didactic approach to assisting health consumers, whereby consumers were either taught how to find credible websites, or how to use the Internet. Common types of outcomes studied include knowledge and skills pertaining to Internet use and searching for reliable health information. These outcomes were predominantly self-assessed by participants. There is potential for further research to explore other avenues for assisting health consumers to find reliable online health information, and to assess outcomes via objective measures. PMID:24710348

Lee, Kenneth; Hoti, Kreshnik; Hughes, Jeffery D.; Emmerton, Lynne M.

2014-01-01

232

'Meatball searching' - The adversarial approach to online information retrieval  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is proposed that the different styles of online searching can be described as either formal (highly precise) or informal with the needs of the client dictating which is most applicable at a particular moment. The background and personality of the searcher also come into play. Particular attention is focused on meatball searching which is a form of online searching characterized by deliberate vagueness. It requires generally comprehensive searches, often on unusual topics and with tight deadlines. It is most likely to occur in search centers serving many different disciplines and levels of client information sophistication. Various information needs are outlined as well as the laws of meatball searching and the adversarial approach. Traits and characteristics important to sucessful searching include: (1) concept analysis, (2) flexibility of thinking, (3) ability to think in synonyms and (4) anticipation of variant word forms and spellings.

Jack, R. F.

1985-01-01

233

Incorporating profile information in community detection for online social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Community structure is an important feature in the study of complex networks. It is because nodes of the same community may have similar properties. In this paper we extend two popular community detection methods to partition online social networks. In our extended methods, the profile information of users is used for partitioning. We apply the extended methods in several sample networks of Facebook. Compared with the original methods, the community structures we obtain have higher modularity. Our results indicate that users' profile information is consistent with the community structure of their friendship network to some extent. To the best of our knowledge, this paper is the first to discuss how profile information can be used to improve community detection in online social networks.

Fan, W.; Yeung, K. H.

2014-07-01

234

MANAGING INFORMATION PRIVACY AND INFORMATION ACCESS IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government agencies collect and disseminate data that bear on the most important issues of public interest. Advances in information technology, particularly the Internet, have multiplied the tension between demands for evermore comprehensive databases and demands for the shelter of privacy. In mediating between these two conflicting demands, agencies must address a host of difficult problems. These include providing access to

George T. Duncan

235

Online writer identification using alphabetic information clustering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Writer identification is a topic of much renewed interest today because of its importance in applications such as writer adaptation, routing of documents and forensic document analysis. Various algorithms have been proposed to handle such tasks. Of particular interests are the approaches that use allographic features [1-3] to perform a comparison of the documents in question. The allographic features are used to define prototypes that model the unique handwriting styles of the individual writers. This paper investigates a novel perspective that takes alphabetic information into consideration when the allographic features are clustered into prototypes at the character level. We hypothesize that alphabetic information provides additional clues which help in the clustering of allographic prototypes. An alphabet information coefficient (AIC) has been introduced in our study and the effect of this coefficient is presented. Our experiments showed an increase of writer identification accuracy from 66.0% to 87.0% when alphabetic information was used in conjunction with allographic features on a database of 200 reference writers.

Tan, Guo Xian; Viard-Gaudin, Christian; Kot, Alex C.

2009-01-01

236

Best of British: British Information Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of British databases and information services to U.S. business searchers and describes several British databases and services. Topics covered include database contents, available search strategies, access from the United States, language differences, and dating problems. A directory of contacts is provided. (six…

Ojala, Marydee

1988-01-01

237

Online Information Retrieval Bibliography. Fifth Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This update covers the approximate time period from mid-1980 through late 1981, contains 640 references, and includes books, state of the art reviews, program descriptions, use studies, periodical articles, and the proceedings of four conferences on information retrieval. (Author/JL)

Hawkins, Donald T.

1982-01-01

238

Inform Health Soc Care . Author manuscript Determinants of the frequency of online health information seeking  

E-print Network

Inform Health Soc Care . Author manuscript Page /1 11 Determinants of the frequency of online health information seeking: results of a web-based survey conducted in France in 2007 Emilie Renahy 1 Abstract Objective The Internet is a widespread source of health information

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

239

14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information...221.100 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection § 221.100...

2012-01-01

240

14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information...221.100 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection § 221.100...

2014-01-01

241

14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information...221.100 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection § 221.100...

2013-01-01

242

14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information...221.100 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection § 221.100...

2010-01-01

243

14 CFR 221.100 - Public notice of tariff information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Public notice of tariff information...221.100 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY...Availability of Tariff Publications for Public Inspection § 221.100...

2011-01-01

244

Postgraduate information needs and online tools awareness  

E-print Network

 that they did not know where to find out about courses.  • Perceptions of those who did not attend training courses because they did not think they  would  benefit  were  that  the  courses  were  too  basic,  targeted  at  undergraduates  and...   future  support of postgraduate  information needs. Recommendations  can be broken down  into  two parts.  1. Better advertising and branding of existing support  • Departments and  libraries need...

Dingley, Esther

245

Design of an online health-promoting community: negotiating user community needs with public health goals and service capabilities  

PubMed Central

Background An online health-promoting community (OHPC) has the potential to promote health and advance new means of dialogue between public health representatives and the general public. The aim of this study was to examine what aspects of an OHPC that are critical for satisfying the needs of the user community and public health goals and service capabilities. Methods Community-based participatory research methods were used for data collection and analysis, and participatory design principles to develop a case study OHPC for adolescents. Qualitative data from adolescents on health appraisals and perspectives on health information were collected in a Swedish health service region and classified into categories of user health information exchange needs. A composite design rationale for the OHPC was completed by linking the identified user needs, user-derived requirements, and technical and organizational systems solutions. Conflicts between end-user requirements and organizational goals and resources were identified. Results The most prominent health information needs were associated to food, exercise, and well-being. The assessment of the design rationale document and prototype in light of the regional public health goals and service capabilities showed that compromises were needed to resolve conflicts involving the management of organizational resources and responsibilities. The users wanted to discuss health issues with health experts having little time to set aside to the OHPC and it was unclear who should set the norms for the online discussions. Conclusions OHPCs can be designed to satisfy both the needs of user communities and public health goals and service capabilities. Compromises are needed to resolve conflicts between users’ needs to discuss health issues with domain experts and the management of resources and responsibilities in public health organizations. PMID:23826944

2013-01-01

246

The Personal Learning Planner: Collaboration through Online Learning and Publication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the online Personal Learning Planner (PLP) project underway at the National Institute of Community Innovations (NICI), one of the partners in the Teacher Education Network (TEN), a 2000 PT3 Catalyst grantee. The Web-based PLP provides a standards-linked "portfolio space" for both works in progress and demonstration collections…

Gibson, David; Sherry, Lorraine; Havelock, Bruce

2007-01-01

247

49 CFR 38.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Public information system. 38.35 Section 38.35 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 38.35 Public information system. (a) Vehicles in excess of 22...

2012-10-01

248

49 CFR 38.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Public information system. 38.35 Section 38.35 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 38.35 Public information system. (a) Vehicles in excess of 22...

2013-10-01

249

49 CFR 38.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public information system. 38.35 Section 38.35 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 38.35 Public information system. (a) Vehicles in excess of 22...

2010-10-01

250

49 CFR 38.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Public information system. 38.35 Section 38.35 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 38.35 Public information system. (a) Vehicles in excess of 22...

2014-10-01

251

49 CFR 38.35 - Public information system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Public information system. 38.35 Section 38.35 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Buses, Vans and Systems § 38.35 Public information system. (a) Vehicles in excess of 22...

2011-10-01

252

40 CFR 300.155 - Public information and community relations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Public information and community relations. 300.155 Section 300... SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS NATIONAL... § 300.155 Public information and community relations. (a) When an...

2010-07-01

253

15 CFR 2007.6 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Information open to public inspection...Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE...2007.6 Information open to public inspection...upon request inspect at the Office of the United States...

2010-01-01

254

15 CFR 2007.6 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Information open to public inspection...Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE...2007.6 Information open to public inspection...upon request inspect at the Office of the United States...

2011-01-01

255

49 CFR 220.23 - Publication of radio information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Publication of radio information. 220.23 Section 220...TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD COMMUNICATIONS Radio and Wireless Communication Procedures § 220.23 Publication of radio information. Each railroad shall...

2014-10-01

256

49 CFR 220.23 - Publication of radio information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Publication of radio information. 220.23 Section 220...TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD COMMUNICATIONS Radio and Wireless Communication Procedures § 220.23 Publication of radio information. Each railroad shall...

2011-10-01

257

49 CFR 220.23 - Publication of radio information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Publication of radio information. 220.23 Section 220...TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD COMMUNICATIONS Radio and Wireless Communication Procedures § 220.23 Publication of radio information. Each railroad shall...

2010-10-01

258

49 CFR 220.23 - Publication of radio information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Publication of radio information. 220.23 Section 220...TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD COMMUNICATIONS Radio and Wireless Communication Procedures § 220.23 Publication of radio information. Each railroad shall...

2013-10-01

259

49 CFR 220.23 - Publication of radio information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Publication of radio information. 220.23 Section 220...TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD COMMUNICATIONS Radio and Wireless Communication Procedures § 220.23 Publication of radio information. Each railroad shall...

2012-10-01

260

75 FR 29570 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment Public Housing Agency Plan Revisions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment Public Housing Agency Plan Revisions To Implement Requirements...Plans where PHAs have opted to implement non-smoking policies in public housing; and renumbers other sections of...

2010-05-26

261

New public information resources on salt caverns.  

SciTech Connect

For the past decade, interest has been growing in using underground salt caverns for disposing of wastes. The Railroad Commission of Texas has permitted a few caverns for disposal of nonhazardous oil field waste (NOW) and one cavern for disposal of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) from oil field activities. Several salt caverns in Canada have also been permitted for disposal of NOW. In addition, oil and gas agencies in Louisiana and New Mexico are developing cavern disposal regulations. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has funded several studies to evaluate the technical feasibility, legality, economic viability, and risk of disposing of NOW and NORM in caverns. The results of these studies have been disseminated to the scientific and regulatory communities. However, as use of caverns for waste disposal increases, more government and industry representatives and members of the public will become aware of this practice and will need adequate information about how disposal caverns operate and the risks they pose. In anticipation of this need, DOE has funded Argonne National Laboratory to develop a salt cavern public outreach program. Key components of this program are an informational brochure designed for nontechnical persons and a website that provides greater detail on cavern operations and allows downloadable access to the reports on the topic funded by DOE. This paper provides an overview of the public outreach program.

Tomasko, D.; Veil, J. A.

1999-08-25

262

New public information resources on salt caverns.  

SciTech Connect

For the past decade, interest has been growing in using underground salt caverns for disposing of wastes. The Railroad Commission of Texas has permitted a few caverns for disposal of nonhazardous oil field waste (NOW) and one cavern for disposal of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) from oil field activities. Several salt caverns in Canada have also been permitted for disposal of NOW. In addition, oil and gas agencies in Louisiana and New Mexico are developing cavern disposal regulations. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has funded several studies to evaluate the technical feasibility, legality, economic viability, and risk of disposing of NOW and NORM in caverns. The results of these studies have been disseminated to the scientific and regulatory communities. However, as use of caverns for waste disposal increases, more government and industry representatives and members of the public will become aware of this practice and will need adequate information about how disposal caverns operate and the risks they pose. In anticipation of this need, DOE has fi.mded Argonne National Laboratory to develop a salt cavern public outreach program. Key components of this program are an informational brochure designed for nontechnical persons and a website that provides greater detail on cavern operations and allows downloadable access to the reports on the topic funded by DOE. This paper provides an overview of the public outreach program.

Tomasko, D.; Veil, J. A.

1999-08-25

263

Epistemic metacognition in context: evaluating and learning online information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined epistemic metacognition as a reflective activity about knowledge and knowing in the context of online\\u000a information searching on the Web, and whether it was related to prior knowledge on the topic, study approach, and domain-specific\\u000a beliefs about science. In addition, we investigated whether Internet-based learning was influenced by epistemic metacognition\\u000a and the individual differences examined. Seventy 8th

Lucia Mason; Angela Boldrin; Nicola Ariasi

2010-01-01

264

Veteran internet use and engagement with health information online.  

PubMed

Veterans represent a unique population in need of accessing health services online. Data from a random-digit dialed survey conducted by the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project were used to assess differences in online use of health information among Veterans in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) of the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs (VA), Veterans not in VA, and non-Veterans. This survey of 3,001 U.S. citizens oversampled lower-income households. Questions assessed Veteran status and use of VA health care services, self-reported Internet use and Internet searching for health-related information, and social engagement related to health online. Overall results suggest Veterans represent an opportune population to utilize personal health records and health services via the Internet. Veterans in VA are more likely to search for health issues related to Alzheimer's disease and memory loss (odds ratio = 3.07; confidence interval = 1.41-8.28) compared to Veterans not in VA. Veterans receiving VA health care also reported higher proportions of social engagement related to health about tracking diet, weight, and exercise than Veterans not in VA, although not statistically significant. Veterans in VA are using the Internet for health information, and there is an opportunity to engage them more. PMID:23707823

Houston, Thomas K; Volkman, Julie E; Feng, Hua; Nazi, Kim M; Shimada, Stephanie L; Fox, Susannah

2013-04-01

265

Is Twitter a Public Sphere for Online Conflicts? A Cross-Ideological and Cross-Hierarchical Look  

E-print Network

The rise in popularity of Twitter has led to a debate on its impact on public opinions. The optimists foresee an increase in online participation and democratization due to social media's personal and interactive nature. Cyber-pessimists, on the other hand, explain how social media can lead to selective exposure and can be used as a disguise for those in power to disseminate biased information. To investigate this debate empirically, we evaluate Twitter as a public sphere using four metrics: equality, diversity, reciprocity and quality. Using these measurements, we analyze the communication patterns between individuals of different hierarchical levels and ideologies. We do this within the context of three diverse conflicts: Israel-Palestine, US Democrats-Republicans, and FC Barcelona-Real Madrid. In all cases, we collect data around a central pair of Twitter accounts representing the two main parties. Our results show in a quantitative manner that Twitter is not an ideal public sphere for democratic conversat...

Liu, Zhe

2014-01-01

266

76 FR 23330 - Notice of Proposed Information for Public Comment; Public Housing Authority Executive...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Comment; Public Housing Authority Executive Compensation Information AGENCY: Office of the...Proposal: Public Housing Authority Executive Compensation Information. OMB Control Number...proposed use: Under current law, non-profit organizations receiving...

2011-04-26

267

Online Public Health Preparedness Training Programs: An Evaluation of User Experience with the Technological Environment  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Several public health education programs and government agencies across the country have started offering virtual or online training programs in emergency preparedness for people who are likely to be involved in managing or responding to different types of emergency situations such as natural disasters, epidemics, bioterrorism, etc. While such online training programs are more convenient and cost-effective than traditional classroom-based programs, their success depends to a great extent on the underlying technological environment. Specifically, in an online technological environment, different types of user experiences come in to play—users’ utilitarian or pragmatic experience, their fun or hedonic experience, their social experience, and most importantly, their usability experience—and these different user experiences critically shape the program outcomes, including course completion rates. This study adopts a multi-disciplinary approach and draws on theories in human computer interaction, distance learning theories, usability research, and online consumer behavior to evaluate users’ experience with the technological environment of an online emergency preparedness training program and discusses its implications for the design of effective online training programs. . Methods: Data was collected using a questionnaire from 377 subjects who had registered for and participated in online public health preparedness training courses offered by a large public university in the Northeast. Results: Analysis of the data indicates that as predicted, participants had higher levels of pragmatic and usability experiences compared to their hedonic and sociability experiences. Results also indicate that people who experienced higher levels of pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences were more likely to complete the course(s) they registered for compared to those who reported lower levels. Discussion: The study findings hold important implications for the design of effective online emergency preparedness training targeted at diverse audiences including the general public, health care and public health professionals, and emergency responders. Strategies for improving participants’ pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences are outlined. Conclusion: There are ample opportunities to improve the pragmatic, hedonic, sociability and usability experiences of the target audience. This is critical to improve the participants’ learning and retention as well as the completion rates for the courses offered. Online emergency preparedness programs are likely to play a crucial role in preparing emergency responders at all levels in the future and their success has critical implications for public health informatics. PMID:23569595

Nambisan, Priya

2010-01-01

268

Crawling and Detecting Community Structure in Online Social Networks using Local Information  

E-print Network

Crawling and Detecting Community Structure in Online Social Networks using Local Information.F.A.VanMieghem}@tudelft.nl Abstract. As Online Social Networks (OSNs) become an intensive sub- ject of research for example of large scale net- works. Online Social Networks (OSNs) proved to be good sources of information

Van Mieghem, Piet

269

Online Faculty Satisfaction with Formal and Informal Faculty Mentoring at Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine whether formal or informal mentoring was more satisfying to online faculty who taught at community colleges. Study research questions inquired whether online faculty members were more satisfied with the formal or informal faculty mentoring they received before teaching online. A mentoring satisfaction…

Moss, E. David

2012-01-01

270

Design Considerations for Today's Online Learners: A Study of Personalized, Relationship-Based Social Awareness Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examined online learners' preferences in personalized, relationship-based social awareness information sharing in course management systems. Three hundred seventy-seven online learners' willingness to share social awareness information was measured through a national survey. Results indicated that today's online learners are open…

Heo, Misook

2009-01-01

271

A Comparison of Participation Patterns in Selected Formal, Non-Formal, and Informal Online Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does learner participation vary depending on the learning context? Are there characteristic features of participation evident in formal, non-formal, and informal online learning environments? Six online learning environments were chosen as epitomes of formal, non-formal, and informal learning contexts and compared. Transcripts of online

Schwier, Richard A.; Seaton, J. X.

2013-01-01

272

Online resources in pediatric surgery: the new era of medical information.  

PubMed

Tele-education has the potential to facilitate rapid sharing and dissemination of current research and knowledge among pediatric surgeons around the world. Classically, the exchange of surgical research occurred via national surgical conferences, articles published in peer-reviewed journals, and textbooks. The advent of Web 2.0 and the rapid pace of technologic advancement have allowed knowledge, education, and research to be exchanged online. Virtual symposiums act as online conferences where participants present and debate new research and surgical techniques in real-time web meetings. Resource libraries allow up-to-date information to be archived and viewed at the user's convenience, bypassing the need to wait long periods for paper publications. Tele-education allows pediatric surgeons to connect and share ideas around the world, while saving time and money. PMID:25111279

Raigani, Siavash; Numanoglu, Alp; Schwachter, Marc; Ponsky, Todd A

2014-08-01

273

Multiple issue publics in the high-choice media environment: media use, online activity, and political knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the role of membership in multiple issue publics by understanding its relationship to media use, online activity, and political knowledge. Using data from Taiwan's 2008 Social Change Survey, the study shows that members of multiple issue publics was positively associated with television watching, political talk show watching, and online news reading. In addition, they were found to

Hsuan-Ting Chen

2012-01-01

274

Emotions, Public Opinion, and U.S. Presidential Approval Rates: A 5-Year Analysis of Online Political Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how emotional reactions to political events shape public opinion. We analyze political discussions in which people voluntarily engage online to approximate the public agenda: Online discussions offer a natural approach to the salience of political issues and the means to analyze emotional reactions as political events take…

Gonzalez-Bailon, Sandra; Banchs, Rafael E.; Kaltenbrunner, Andreas

2012-01-01

275

Public participation, GIS, and cyberdemocracy: evaluating on-line spatial decision support systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the development of Internet-based approaches to public participation and on-line spatial decision support systems in particular. Two case studies in developing web-based public participation GIS (PPGIS), one local and one regional, are described in detail. Results from the live testing of these systems are shown. These are discussed in the light of recent developments in

Steve Carver; Andrew Evans; Richard Kingston; Ian Turton

2001-01-01

276

Principal Perceptions about the Implementation and Effectiveness of Online Learning in Public High Schools in Indiana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine the principal perceptions and demographic relationship of the implementation and effectiveness of online learning in non-charter Indiana public high schools. An analysis was prepared to determine whether demographic factors played a role in the principal's perceptions of the implementation…

Rayle, Timothy W.

2011-01-01

277

A Study of an Online Catalog from a Public Services Perspective. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New York University (NYU) Libraries received a 1-year grant from the Association of Research Libraries to study users' responses to its recently installed Geac online catalog, Bobcat (Bobst Library Computerized Catalog). The survey instrument, developed for Council on Library Resources (CLR)-funded national study of responses to public access…

Kranich, Nancy C.; And Others

278

2007 Nature Publishing Group Nature Physics advance online publication, 9 October 2007  

E-print Network

© 2007 Nature Publishing Group - 1 - Nature Physics advance online publication, 9 October 2007 doi magnetoresistance. iPods, laptops and even Google are among the modern icons made possible by the discovery ferromagnetic layers. This phenomenon is the basis of operation of the read heads that are used in modern

Loss, Daniel

279

Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences Online publication of seminars: permission form  

E-print Network

Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences Online publication of seminars: permission form Programme: Speaker Name: Home Institution: Date: Time: Title: Declaration I give permission for the Isaac Newton Institute and the University of Cambridge (Please delete if/as appropriate) a) to record my

280

Web-Based Online Public Access Catalogues of IIT Libraries in India: An Evaluative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to examine the various features and components of web-based online public access catalogues (OPACs) of IIT libraries in India with the help of a specially designed evaluation checklist. Design/methodology/approach: The various features of the web-based OPACs in six IIT libraries (IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT…

Madhusudhan, Margam; Aggarwal, Shalini

2011-01-01

281

nature genetics advance online publication 1 Network motifs in the transcriptional regulation  

E-print Network

letter nature genetics · advance online publication 1 Network motifs in the transcriptional gene expression in cells. Recent advances in data collection and analysis2,11,12, however the notion of motifs, widely used for sequence analysis, to the level of networks. We define `network motifs

282

Composing a Public Image Online: Art Museums and Narratives of Architecture in Web Mediation  

Microsoft Academic Search

As museums’ public images become increasingly intertwined with architecture and tourism on a global scale, spectacular museum buildings have come to have a presence both in local, urban landscapes and online. We analyze the website presentations of two new national contemporary art museum buildings, the Tate Modern Museum in London and the National Museum of 21st Century Arts (MAXXI) in

Palmyre Pierroux; Synne Skjulstad

2011-01-01

283

NATURE GEOSCIENCE | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturegeoscience 1 news & views  

E-print Network

NATURE GEOSCIENCE | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturegeoscience 1 news & views I was surprisingly destructive, given its modest magnitude. Writing in Nature Geoscience, González et al.5 show. Furthermore, it is not clear whether earthquakes triggered by human activities are different from natural

Avouac, Jean-Philippe

284

nature geoscience | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturegeoscience 1 news & views  

E-print Network

nature geoscience | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturegeoscience 1 news & views O population, so it must be nature taking a turn towards colder temperatures. The extent to which such natural decades depends as much on natural climate variations as it does on anthropogenic forcing. Creating useful

285

Characteristics of online and offline health information seekers and factors that discriminate between them  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing number of individuals are using the internet to meet their health information needs; however, little is known about the characteristics of online health information seekers and whether they differ from individuals who search for health information from offline sources. Researchers must examine the primary characteristics of online and offline health information seekers in order to better recognize their needs,

Shelia R Cotten; Sipi S Gupta

2004-01-01

286

An Exploration of Search Patterns and Credibility Issues among Older Adults Seeking Online Health Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet is an important resource for health information, among younger and older people alike. Unfortunately, there are limitations associated with online health information. Research is needed on the quality of information found online and on whether users are being critical consumers of the information they find. Also, there is a need for…

Robertson-Lang, Laura; Major, Sonya; Hemming, Heather

2011-01-01

287

75 FR 1338 - Online Safety and Technology Working Group Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...and Information Administration Online Safety and Technology Working Group Meeting AGENCY: National Telecommunications and Information...announces a public meeting of the Online Safety and Technology Working Group (OSTWG). DATES: The meeting will be held on...

2010-01-11

288

75 FR 54052 - Description of Office, Procedures, and Public Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...above. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paul Sanford, Executive...gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background The...news'' means information that is about current...public at large and publishers of...

2010-09-03

289

75 FR 71012 - Description of Office, Procedures, and Public Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paul Sanford, Executive...gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Council is publishing...news'' means information that is about current...public at large and publishers of periodicals...

2010-11-22

290

5 CFR 950.401 - Campaign and publicity information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...information. Federations must also respond in a timely fashion in the development of campaign and publicity information...Charity Lists must inform employees of their right to make a choice to contribute or not to contribute; to designate or...

2010-01-01

291

15 CFR 2006.13 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Information open to public inspection. 2006...to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE... § 2006.13 Information open to public inspection. ...a public reading room in the Office of the United States Trade...

2011-01-01

292

15 CFR 2006.13 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Information open to public inspection. 2006...to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE... § 2006.13 Information open to public inspection. ...a public reading room in the Office of the United States Trade...

2010-01-01

293

Produced by Information Services Office, CUHK, June 2011 Also available online at: www.cuhk.edu.hk/iso/en/iso_publications/five_research_areas.html Investment into Five Focused Areas  

E-print Network

.hk/iso/en/iso_publications/five_research_areas.html Investment into Five Focused Areas of Research The Chinese University of Hong Kong, on the threshold of its. In its Strategic Plan 2006, five key areas have been identified for strategic research investment finance and the emerging financial markets of China and Asia is crucial for the future success of Hong

Huang, Jianwei

294

“It’s Got to Be on This Page”: Age and Cognitive Style in a Study of Online Health Information Seeking  

PubMed Central

Background The extensive availability of online health information offers the public opportunities to become independently informed about their care, but what affects the successful retrieval and understanding of accurate and detailed information? We have limited knowledge about the ways individuals use the Internet and the personal characteristics that affect online health literacy. Objective This study examined the extent to which age and cognitive style predicted success in searching for online health information, controlling for differences in education, daily Internet use, and general health literacy. Methods The Online Health Study (OHS) was conducted at Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and Stanford University School of Medicine from April 2009 to June 2010. The OHS was designed to explore the factors associated with success in obtaining health information across different age groups. A total of 346 men and women aged 35 years and older of diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds participated in the study. Participants were evaluated for success in searching online for answers to health-related tasks/questions on nutrition, cancer, alternative medicine, vaccinations, medical equipment, and genetic testing. Results Cognitive style, in terms of context sensitivity, was associated with less success in obtaining online health information, with tasks involving visual judgment most affected. In addition, better health literacy was positively associated with overall success in online health seeking, specifically for tasks requiring prior health knowledge. The oldest searchers were disadvantaged even after controlling for education, Internet use, general health literacy, and cognitive style, especially when spatial tasks such as mapping were involved. Conclusions The increasing availability of online health information provides opportunities to improve patient education and knowledge, but effective use of these resources depends on online health literacy. Greater support for those who are in the oldest cohorts and for design of interfaces that support users with different cognitive styles may be required in an age of shared medical decision making. PMID:25831483

King, Abby C; Castro, Cynthia M; Wiley, Adrienne; Borzekowski, Dina LG

2015-01-01

295

Publication Forthcoming Online Biobanks, Privacy, and the Subpoena Power  

E-print Network

and charged with ten counts of murder. Rader, otherwise known as the serial killer BTK (for bind, torture demonstrate before they may access this information? A reasonably good suspicion that a serial 1 Ellen

296

Perceptions of trustworthiness online: the role of visual and textual information  

Microsoft Academic Search

People increasingly rely on social networking websites to initiate personal and professional relationships. This requires that a considerable amount of trust be placed in strangers solely on the basis of their online profiles. This paper examines how the nature of online information affects how trustworthy online daters are perceived. Visual (i.e., photographs) and textual (i.e., \\

Catalina L. Toma

2010-01-01

297

Who do you trust? Information Sharing, Privacy Concerns and Trust in an online Social Network  

E-print Network

Who do you trust? Information Sharing, Privacy Concerns and Trust in an online Social Network, differences between online and offline social networking and between usage of the site by gender. We find and perceptions of trust are believed to play an important role underlying the establishment of online social

Islam, M. Saif

298

APS/EK10599 Weak Ties: Subtle Role of Information Diffusion in Online Social Networks  

E-print Network

APS/EK10599 Weak Ties: Subtle Role of Information Diffusion in Online Social Networks Jichang Zhao, Beijing 100191, P.R.China (Dated: December 14, 2010) As a social media, online social networks play of the diffusion in online social networks is different from the ones in other types of networks and remains

Xu, Ke

299

SAMPLE INTERNSHIP DESCRIPTION NOT CURRENTLY OPEN FOR INFORMATION ONLY Online and Wholesale Internship  

E-print Network

: Operations, Marketing and Product Buying. The Online Store Intern will: · Assist the Director with marketingBay/World of Good website · Work with online store staff to develop and execute Fundraising Program & Marketing PlanSAMPLE INTERNSHIP DESCRIPTION ­ NOT CURRENTLY OPEN ­ FOR INFORMATION ONLY Online and Wholesale

300

Increasing MSW Students' Information Competencies through Online Tutorials, Application Exercises, and Course Assignments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing MSW students' information competencies was achieved through a 2-year project in which online video tutorials, in-class exercises, and course assignments were created and integrated into two required foundation courses. Tutorials demonstrated basic and advanced search techniques, online databases, and online course-specific research…

Kayser, John A.; Bowers, Jennifer; Jiang, Lin; Bussey, Marian

2013-01-01

301

How People Read Books Online: Mining and Visualizing Web Logs for Use Information  

E-print Network

usage of an online digital library of children's books (the International Children's Digital LibraryHow People Read Books Online: Mining and Visualizing Web Logs for Use Information Rong Chen1 , Anne}@cs.umd.edu Abstract. This paper explores how people read books online. Instead of observing individuals, we analyze

Golbeck, Jennifer

302

Building an Information Ecosystem for Public Transport in Rural Areas  

E-print Network

Building an Information Ecosystem for Public Transport in Rural Areas Peter Edwards, David Corsar.beecroft,jeff.z.pan,yaji.sripada}@abdn.ac.uk ABSTRACT Passenger information systems (PISs) providing real-time information are valuable tools for public transport users; however, in many rural areas, for various reasons, such sys- tems do not exist. As part

Edwards, Pete

303

Public Information for All: An Interview with Carl Malamud  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the early 1990s, Carl Malamud has made it his business to return to the public what is rightfully theirs: free access to public information. Despite legislation that mandates such access to government information, some categories of information have been excluded, notable among them court opinions (with the exception of the U.S. Supreme…

Rabina, Debbie

2010-01-01

304

Clearing the smog? Public responses to air?quality information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent perspectives on public responses to environmental and risk communication have emphasised the interpretation, judgement and ‘sense?making’ that takes place when lay audiences receive information and advice. In this paper we consider the public reception given to air?quality information in the UK as one example of a government information and communication initiative. Drawing on elements of a wider research project

Karen Bickerstaff; Gordon Walker

1999-01-01

305

Social Media and Online Political Communication: The Role of Interpersonal Informational Trust and Openness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines relationships among interpersonal informational trust and openness with Internet-based political activities and attitudes. Conceptually, it proposes the categorization of online spaces and activities as consumption or interaction types, and classifies interpersonal informational trust within inner and outer circles. Interpersonal informational trust was found to be positively associated with perception of online activities as political participation. It also

Itai Himelboim; Ruthann Weaver Lariscy; Spencer F. Tinkham; Kaye D. Sweetser

2012-01-01

306

76 FR 27384 - Agency Information Collection Activity (Veteran Suicide Prevention Online Quantitative Surveys...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS [OMB Control No. 2900-New...Information Collection Activity (Veteran Suicide Prevention Online Quantitative Surveys) Under OMB Review AGENCY: Veterans Health Administration,...

2011-05-11

307

76 FR 9637 - Proposed Information Collection (Veteran Suicide Prevention Online Quantitative Surveys) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS [OMB Control No. 2900-New...Proposed Information Collection (Veteran Suicide Prevention Online Quantitative...Activity: Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Health Administration, Department...

2011-02-18

308

Supplementary Online Information 1. Photographs of Octopus and Mushroom Spring. See Supplementary Figure 1.  

E-print Network

Supplementary Online Information 1. Photographs of Octopus and Mushroom Spring. See Supplementary the effluent channel of Mushroom Spring and Octopus Spring, as shown in Supplementary Figure 3. Pyrosequencing

309

Introduction: special issue on structuring complex information for electronic publication  

Microsoft Academic Search

To improve the structure of complex information when it is to be presented electronically, technical communicators may turn to ideas taken from object-oriented programming to clarify and revive the structure of the material in existing documents before mounting them on-line. When an organization starts moving information onto the Web, technical communicators may go through a phase transition: as the publishing

J ONATHAN PRICE

1997-01-01

310

Virtual plagues and real-world pandemics: reflecting on the potential for online computer role-playing games to inform real world epidemic research.  

PubMed

In the wake of the Corrupted Blood incident, which afflicted the massively multiplayer online computer role-playing game World of Warcraft in 2005, it has been suggested that both, the incident itself and massively multiplayer online computer role-playing games in general, can be utilised to inform and assist real-world epidemic and public health research. In this paper, I engage critically with these claims. PMID:23584861

Oultram, Stuart

2013-12-01

311

Online medical books: their availability and an assessment of how health sciences libraries provide access on their public Websites  

PubMed Central

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the number and topical range of available online medical books and to assess how health sciences libraries were providing access to these resources on their public Websites. Method: The collection-based evaluative technique of list checking was used to assess the number and topical range of online medical books of the six largest publishers. Publisher inventory lists were downloaded over a two-day period (May 16–17, 2004). Titles were counted and compared with the 2003 Brandon/Hill list. A sample of health sciences libraries was subsequently derived by consulting the 2004 “Top Medical Schools-Research” in U.S. News & World Report. Bibliographic and bibliothecal access methods were evaluated based on an inspection of the publicly available Websites of the sample libraries. Results: Of 318 currently published online medical books, 151 (47%) were Brandon/Hill titles covering 42 of 59 Brandon/Hill topics (71%). These 151 titles represented 22% (N = 672) of the Brandon/Hill list, which further broke down as 52 minimal core, 41 initial purchase, and 58 other recommended Brandon/Hill titles. These numbers represented 50%, 28%, and 12%, respectively, of all Brandon/Hill titles corresponding to those categories. In terms of bibliographic access, 20 of 21 of sampled libraries created catalog records for their online medical books, 1 of which also provided analytical access at the chapter level, and none provided access at the chapter section level. Of the 21 libraries, 19 had library Website search engines that provided title-level access and 4 provided access at the chapter level and none that at the chapter section level. For bibliothecal access, 19 of 21 libraries provided title-level access to medical books, 8 of which provided classified and alphabetic arrangements, 1 provided a classified arrangement only, and 10 provided an alphabetic arrangement only. No library provided a bibliothecal arrangement for medical book chapters or chapter sections. Conclusions: This study shows that the number and topical range of online medical books is reaching a point where collection-level consideration is warranted to facilitate efficient use and to prevent the problem of split files. However, the results also show that few efforts are underway on the publicly available Websites of the surveyed health sciences libraries to provide the analytical access necessary to meet the structural needs of clinical information seekers. PMID:16404473

MacCall, Steven L.

2006-01-01

312

Queens Borough Public Library's Guidelines for Cataloging Community Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently, few resources exist to guide libraries in cataloging community information using the new USMARC Format for Community Information (1993). In developing a community information database, Queens Borough Public Library formulated their own cataloging procedures for applying Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd ed., Library of Congress Rule Interpretations, and USMARC Format for Community Information to community information. Their practices include entering

Judith A. Ranta

1996-01-01

313

A brief introduction on training and public information of building energy codes in the U.S.  

SciTech Connect

This report is associated with the project of Implementation of Building Energy Codes in China (55793). The report aims to give Chinese audience a brief introduction on training and public information activities of building energy codes in the U.S. The report contains four sections: Section One is about the development history and implementation of building energy codes in the U.S. Section Two is about the organizations of training and public information activities, mainly focused on ASHRAE, ICC, federal and state government. Policy implication, which is Section Three, addresses the role of federal government and on-line training and public information activities in promoting training and public information (the current China training system lacks strong support of central government and on-line training activities). Conclusions are made in Section Four. This report will be uploaded to an upcoming Chinese website which is devoted to provide first-time free on-line training and public information of building energy codes in China.

Shui, Bin

2010-12-01

314

The U.S. Conference of Mayors: Online Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many urban areas are faced with similar problems, and it makes sense that many mayors in the United States have joined forces with The U.S. Conference of Mayors in order to speak with a unified voice about the issues that urban areas struggle with on a regular basis. With that in mind, the Conference of Mayors has put together this sage site which contains a diverse set of policy publications and attendant prescriptions addressing everything from brownfields to climate protection. The papers are organized chronologically and they date back to 1993. All told, there are over 50 papers available here and some of the more recent titles include a report on hunger and homelessness in American cities and an omnibus survey on cities' water management policies.

2008-01-01

315

EnviroNET: On-line information for LDEF  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

EnviroNET is an on-line, free-form database intended to provide a centralized repository for a wide range of technical information on environmentally induced interactions of use to Space Shuttle customers and spacecraft designers. It provides a user-friendly, menu-driven format on networks that are connected globally and is available twenty-four hours a day - every day. The information, updated regularly, includes expository text, tabular numerical data, charts and graphs, and models. The system pools space data collected over the years by NASA, USAF, other government research facilities, industry, universities, and the European Space Agency. The models accept parameter input from the user, then calculate and display the derived values corresponding to that input. In addition to the archive, interactive graphics programs are also available on space debris, the neutral atmosphere, radiation, magnetic fields, and the ionosphere. A user-friendly, informative interface is standard for all the models and includes a pop-up help window with information on inputs, outputs, and caveats. The system will eventually simplify mission analysis with analytical tools and deliver solutions for computationally intense graphical applications to do 'What if...' scenarios. A proposed plan for developing a repository of information from the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) for a user group is presented.

Lauriente, Michael

1993-01-01

316

Geological Society, London, Special Publications Online First October 24, 2013; doi 10.1144/SP395.6  

E-print Network

Geological Society, London, Special Publications Online First October 24, 2013; doi 10.1144/SP395.6 , first publishedGeological Society, London, Special Publications Anthony D. Barnosky Anthropocene Subscribe Collection London, Special Publications or the Lyell to subscribe to Geological Society

Barnosky, Anthony D.

317

Geological Society, London, Special Publications Online First published August 14, 2012; doi 10.1144/SP373.10  

E-print Network

Geological Society, London, Special Publications Online First published August 14, 2012; doi 10.1144/SP373.10 v.373, firstGeological Society, London, Special Publications Wiebke Kirleis Torsten Collection London, Special Publications or the Lyell to subscribe to Geological Society,hereclick How to cite

318

FIPS PUB 201-2 FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARDS PUBLICATION  

E-print Network

FIPS PUB 201-2 FEDERAL INFORMATION PROCESSING STANDARDS PUBLICATION Personal Identity Verification (PIV) of Federal Employees and Contractors DRAFT Computer Security Division Information Technology;PERSONAL IDENTITY VERIFICATION (PIV) OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES AND CONTRACTORS DRAFT ii Acknowledgements NIST

319

Information for Public Water System Owners and Operators  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources page provides basic information for owners of public water supply systems. It provides links to the state regulations, and information on water quality and monitoring.

320

17 CFR 200.554 - Public availability of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS...information. (a) Any environmental assessment or impact...location of publicly available environmental impact statements will be...status reports on specific environmental impact statements and...

2013-04-01

321

17 CFR 200.554 - Public availability of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS...information. (a) Any environmental assessment or impact...location of publicly available environmental impact statements will be...status reports on specific environmental impact statements and...

2011-04-01

322

17 CFR 200.554 - Public availability of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS...information. (a) Any environmental assessment or impact...location of publicly available environmental impact statements will be...status reports on specific environmental impact statements and...

2012-04-01

323

17 CFR 200.554 - Public availability of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS...information. (a) Any environmental assessment or impact...location of publicly available environmental impact statements will be...status reports on specific environmental impact statements and...

2010-04-01

324

17 CFR 200.554 - Public availability of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS...information. (a) Any environmental assessment or impact...location of publicly available environmental impact statements will be...status reports on specific environmental impact statements and...

2014-04-01

325

Providing online public services successfully: the role of confirmation of citizens’ expectations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Satisfying consumer needs is a core principle of marketing. However, in the context of e-government initiatives (such as the\\u000a provision of online public services), most studies up to now have focused on adoption models such as Technology Acceptance\\u000a Model or Theory of Planned Behavior. To advance on this topic, in this work we analyze how confirmation of citizens’ expectations\\u000a may

Daniel Belanche; Luis V. Casaló; Carlos Flavián

2010-01-01

326

Social and behavioral history information in public health datasets.  

PubMed

Social and behavioral history is increasingly recognized as integral for understanding important determinants of disease and critical for patient care, research, clinical guidelines, and public health policies. Social and behavioral history information in the public health domain, specifically large public health surveys, has not been well described. In this study, a content analysis was performed and information model constructed and contrasted with clinically-based models for each of three widely used public health surveys: BRFSS (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System), NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey), and NHIS (National Health Interview Survey). Survey items were predominantly related to alcohol use, drug use, occupation, and tobacco use. Although the clinical social history information model was similar, public health social history demonstrated additional complexity in coding temporality, degree of exposure, and certainty. Our results give insight into ongoing efforts to integrate clinical and public health information resources for improving and measuring health. PMID:23304335

Melton, Genevieve B; Manaktala, Sharad; Sarkar, Indra Neil; Chen, Elizabeth S

2012-01-01

327

76 FR 1137 - Publicly Available Consumer Product Safety Information Database: Notice of Public Web Conferences  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information Database: Notice of Public Web Conferences AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...or ``we'') is announcing two Web conferences to demonstrate to interested...information database (``Database''). The Web conferences will be webcast live from...

2011-01-07

328

15 CFR 2003.5 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Information open to public inspection. 2003...to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE...COMMITTEE § 2003.5 Information open to public inspection. ...upon request, inspect at the office of the Committee:...

2011-01-01

329

15 CFR 2003.5 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Information open to public inspection. 2003...to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE...COMMITTEE § 2003.5 Information open to public inspection. ...upon request, inspect at the office of the Committee:...

2010-01-01

330

15 CFR 2016.4 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Information open to public inspection. 2016.4 Section...Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE...AS AMENDED § 2016.4 Information open to public inspection. With the...

2010-01-01

331

15 CFR 2016.4 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Information open to public inspection. 2016.4 Section...Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE...AS AMENDED § 2016.4 Information open to public inspection. With the...

2011-01-01

332

Information Technology and Value Creation in the Public Sector Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this dissertation, I study the performance impact of information technology (IT) investments in the public sector. IT has been one of the key assets in public administration since the early MIS era. Even though the information systems (IS) discipline has witnessed a considerable amount of research efforts on the subject of IT business value for…

Pang, Min-Seok

2011-01-01

333

Approaches to Studying Public Library Networked Community Information Initiatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a world characterized by the use of rapidly advancing technology, public libraries are championing the rights of the individual to equitable public access to information provided over the Internet. But beyond general connectivity, libraries are also facilitating citizens' access to networked community information (CI) by actively linking users with relevant sites, by hosting pages for other service providers, and

Karen E. Pettigrew; Joan C. Durrance; Pertti Vakkari

1999-01-01

334

An Observational Study of How Young People Search for Online Sexual Health Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about the quality of online sexual health information, how young people access the Internet to answer their sexual health questions, or an individual's ability to sort through myriad sources for accurate information. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine how college students search for online sexual health…

Buhi, Eric R.; Daley, Ellen M.; Fuhrmann, Hollie J.; Smith, Sarah A.

2009-01-01

335

Adolescent Health Literacy: The Importance of Credible Sources for Online Health Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Little research has examined adolescent health literacy and its relationship with online health information sources. The purpose of this study is to explore health literacy among a predominantly Hispanic adolescent population and to investigate whether exposure to a credible source of online health information, MedlinePlus[R], is…

Ghaddar, Suad F.; Valerio, Melissa A.; Garcia, Carolyn M.; Hansen, Lucy

2012-01-01

336

Information Revelation and Privacy in Online Social Networks (The Facebook case)  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Participation in social networking sites has dramatically increased in recent years. Services such as Friendster, Tribe, or the Facebook allow millions of individuals to create online profiles and share personal information with vast networks of friends - and, often, unknown numbers of strangers. In this paper we study patterns of information revelation in online social networks and their privacy

Ralph Gross; Alessandro Acquisti

337

Clinical Decision Support Tools: Performance of Personal Digital Assistant versus Online Drug Information Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study Objectives. To evaluate personal digital assistant (PDA) drug information databases used to support clinical decision-making, and to compare the performance of PDA databases with their online versions. Design. Prospective evaluation with descriptive analysis. Methods. Five drug information databases available for PDAs and online were evaluated according to their scope (inclusion of correct answers), completeness (on a 3-point scale), and

Kevin A. Clauson; Hyla H. Polen; Wallace A. Marsh

2007-01-01

338

A Predictive Model for the Temporal Dynamics of Information Diffusion in Online Social Networks  

E-print Network

A Predictive Model for the Temporal Dynamics of Information Diffusion in Online Social Networks.Hacid@alcatel-lucent.com ABSTRACT Today, online social networks have become powerful tools for the spread of information in social networks. Our approach is based on machine learning techniques and the inference of time

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

339

Learners' Perceived Information Overload in Online Learning via Computer-Mediated Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies report information overload as one of the main problems that students encounter in online learning via computer-mediated communication. This study aimed to explore the sources of online students' information overload and offer suggestions for increasing students' cognitive resources for learning. Participants were 12 graduate students…

Chen, Chun-Ying; Pedersen, Susan; Murphy, Karen L.

2011-01-01

340

University Students' Online Academic Help Seeking: The Role of Self-Regulation and Information Commitments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' online academic help seeking (OAHS) can be facilitated by the aid of technology, but improvement in OAHS may also involve personal variables such as self-regulated learning (SRL), and "information commitments" (ICs), which are evaluative standards and strategies of online information. Accordingly, three instruments--an OAHS, an SRL, and…

Cheng, Kun-Hung; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2013-01-01

341

The Business Information Services: Old-Line Online Moves to the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the availability of free information on the World Wide Web has placed traditional, fee-based proprietary online services on the defensive, most major online business services are now on the Web. Highlights several business information providers: Profound, NewsNet and ProQuest Direct, Dow Jones and Wall Street Journal Interactive Edition,…

O'Leary, Mick

1997-01-01

342

The application of information technology in the teaching of veterinary epidemiology and public health.  

PubMed

Information technology (IT) is an imprecise term currently used to describe computer-based techniques for data manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. IT possesses several characteristics that promote meaningful learning, including (1) just-in-time, personalized; (2) student-centered versus teacher-centric; (3) self-paced; (4) anytime, anywhere; and (5) discovery (through bibliographic and other information searches). However, if done improperly, IT-based teaching can be counterproductive. Factors to consider when evaluating the effectiveness of IT-based teaching methods include (1) content, (2) learning, (3) delivery support, (4) usability, and (5) technological. IT has been used to support instruction in epidemiology and public health at many levels, ranging from basic computer literacy to hands-on training in epidemiological methods through computer-based problem sets, case workups, outbreak investigations, and tutorials. Online quizzes based on articles selected from practice-oriented journals have been used to promote evidence-based medicine skills, including the critical evaluation of medical claims. As online access and delivery improve, opportunities for substantive online education and lifelong learning through IT have expanded. One of the most novel and comprehensive implementations of collaborative online sharing of educational content in epidemiology and public health is the Epidemiology Supercourse (http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/). More than 9,000 faculty from 118 countries have contributed to an online library of more than 700 lectures with quality control and adherence to accepted pedagogic principles. The goal is to improve teaching and research in epidemiology and public health worldwide. Although the focus is on human medicine, the concepts, methods, and principles can easily be applied to veterinary medicine. The Association for Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine (AVEPM) seeks to heighten awareness of issues in veterinary epidemiology and public health education among veterinary educators through various forums, symposia, and workshops. The AVEPM Web site (http://www.cvm.uiuc.edu/avepm/) includes a listing of educational software and Web sites supporting epidemiology and public health education. PMID:14976620

Smith, Ronald D

2003-01-01

343

Using Macromedia Flash to create online information skills materials at Edinburgh University Library   

E-print Network

Growth in electronic information services, pressure on staff resources and developments in the area of electronic learning have resulted in a need for online information skills delivery. Edinburgh University Library has ...

Jones, Richard D; Bains, Simon

344

WWC Review of the Report "Interactive Learning Online at Public Universities: Evidence from a Six-Campus Randomized Trial." What Works Clearinghouse Single Study Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2013 study, "Interactive Learning Online at Public Universities: Evidence From a Six-Campus Randomized Trial," examined the impact of interactive learning online (ILO) on the pass rates of 605 students enrolled in introductory statistics courses at six public universities. ILO is a form of online course instruction in which…

What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

2014-01-01

345

Public Information on Vocational Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document is the final report of a project designed to make the public and students aware of the possibilities available in vocational education in the Wise County Schools in Virginia. The objectives of the program were as follows: (1) to provide materials to be used for career guidance, (2) to make the public aware of the total vocational…

Wise County Schools, VA.

346

30 CFR 769.16 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT...FOR ALL OR CERTAIN TYPES OF SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS AND...public for inspection free of charge and for copying at a reasonable...public inspection, free of charge, and for copying at...

2011-07-01

347

30 CFR 769.16 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT...FOR ALL OR CERTAIN TYPES OF SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS AND...public for inspection free of charge and for copying at a reasonable...public inspection, free of charge, and for copying at...

2013-07-01

348

30 CFR 769.16 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT...FOR ALL OR CERTAIN TYPES OF SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS AND...public for inspection free of charge and for copying at a reasonable...public inspection, free of charge, and for copying at...

2010-07-01

349

30 CFR 769.16 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT...FOR ALL OR CERTAIN TYPES OF SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS AND...public for inspection free of charge and for copying at a reasonable...public inspection, free of charge, and for copying at...

2012-07-01

350

30 CFR 769.16 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT...FOR ALL OR CERTAIN TYPES OF SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS AND...public for inspection free of charge and for copying at a reasonable...public inspection, free of charge, and for copying at...

2014-07-01

351

Information Presentation Features and Comprehensibility of Hospital Report Cards: Design Analysis and Online Survey Among Users  

PubMed Central

Background Improving the transparency of information about the quality of health care providers is one way to improve health care quality. It is assumed that Internet information steers patients toward better-performing health care providers and will motivate providers to improve quality. However, the effect of public reporting on hospital quality is still small. One of the reasons is that users find it difficult to understand the formats in which information is presented. Objective We analyzed the presentation of risk-adjusted mortality rate (RAMR) for coronary angiography in the 10 most commonly used German public report cards to analyze the impact of information presentation features on their comprehensibility. We wanted to determine which information presentation features were utilized, were preferred by users, led to better comprehension, and had similar effects to those reported in evidence-based recommendations described in the literature. Methods The study consisted of 5 steps: (1) identification of best-practice evidence about the presentation of information on hospital report cards; (2) selection of a single risk-adjusted quality indicator; (3) selection of a sample of designs adopted by German public report cards; (4) identification of the information presentation elements used in public reporting initiatives in Germany; and (5) an online panel completed an online questionnaire that was conducted to determine if respondents were able to identify the hospital with the lowest RAMR and if respondents’ hospital choices were associated with particular information design elements. Results Evidence-based recommendations were made relating to the following information presentation features relevant to report cards: evaluative table with symbols, tables without symbols, bar charts, bar charts without symbols, bar charts with symbols, symbols, evaluative word labels, highlighting, order of providers, high values to indicate good performance, explicit statements of whether high or low values indicate good performance, and incomplete data (“N/A” as a value). When investigating the RAMR in a sample of 10 hospitals’ report cards, 7 of these information presentation features were identified. Of these, 5 information presentation features improved comprehensibility in a manner reported previously in literature. Conclusions To our knowledge, this is the first study to systematically analyze the most commonly used public reporting card designs used in Germany. Best-practice evidence identified in international literature was in agreement with 5 findings about German report card designs: (1) avoid tables without symbols, (2) include bar charts with symbols, (3) state explicitly whether high or low values indicate good performance or provide a “good quality” range, (4) avoid incomplete data (N/A given as a value), and (5) rank hospitals by performance. However, these findings are preliminary and should be subject of further evaluation. The implementation of 4 of these recommendations should not present insurmountable obstacles. However, ranking hospitals by performance may present substantial difficulties. PMID:25782186

2015-01-01

352

Information technology and public health management of disasters--a model for South Asian countries.  

PubMed

This paper highlights the use of information technology (IT) in disaster management and public health management of disasters. Effective health response to disasters will depend on three important lines of action: (1) disaster preparedness; (2) emergency relief; and (3) management of disasters. This is facilitated by the presence of modern communication and space technology, especially the Internet and remote sensing satellites. This has made the use of databases, knowledge bases, geographic information systems (GIS), management information systems (MIS), information transfer, and online connectivity possible in the area of disaster management and medicine. This paper suggests a conceptual model called, "The Model for Public Health Management of Disasters for South Asia". This Model visualizes the use of IT in the public health management of disasters by setting up the Health and Disaster Information Network and Internet Community Centers, which will facilitate cooperation among all those in the areas of disaster management and emergency medicine. The suggested infrastructure would benefit the governments, non-government organizations, and institutions working in the areas of disaster and emergency medicine, professionals, the community, and all others associated with disaster management and emergency medicine. The creation of such an infrastructure will enable the rapid transfer of information, data, knowledge, and online connectivity from top officials to the grassroots organizations, and also among these countries regionally. This Model may be debated, modified, and tested further in the field to suit the national and local conditions. It is hoped that this exercise will result in a viable and practical model for use in public health management of disasters by South Asian countries. PMID:15748016

Mathew, Dolly

2005-01-01

353

Democratizing Human Genome Project Information: A Model Program for Education, Information and Debate in Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Mapping the Human Genome" project demonstrated that librarians can help whomever they serve in accessing information resources in the areas of biological and health information, whether it is the scientists who are developing the information or a member of the public who is using the information. Public libraries can guide library users…

Pollack, Miriam

354

Information Center Complex publications and presentations, 1971-1980  

SciTech Connect

This indexed bibliography lists publications and presentations of the Information Center Complex, Information Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, from 1971 through 1980. The 659 entries cover such topics as toxicology, air and water pollution, management and transportation of hazardous wastes, energy resources and conservation, and information science. Publications range in length from 1 page to 3502 pages and include topical reports, books, journal articles, fact sheets, and newsletters. Author, title, and group indexes are provided. Annual updates are planned.

Gill, A.B.; Hawthorne, S.W.

1981-08-01

355

Provision of Ubiquitous Tourist Information in Public Transport Networks  

PubMed Central

This paper outlines an information system for tourists using collective public transport based on mobile devices with limited computation and wireless connection capacities. In this system, the mobile device collaborates with the vehicle infrastructure in order to provide the user with multimedia (visual and audio) information about his/her trip. The information delivered, adapted to the user preferences, is synchronized with the passage of vehicles through points of interest along the route, for example: bus stops, tourist sights, public service centres, etc.

García, Carmelo R.; Pérez, Ricardo; Alayón, Francisco; Quesada-Arencibia, Alexis; Padrón, Gabino

2012-01-01

356

FEDIX on-line information service: Design, develop, test, and implement an on-line research and education information service. Annual status report, September 1992--August 1993  

SciTech Connect

Federal Information Exchange, Inc. (FIE) is a diversified information services company that is recognized as the major electronic link between the higher education community and the Federal government in the field of research administration. FIE provides a range of information related services to the government, academic and private sectors, including database management, software development and technical support. FEDIX is the on-line information service designed, developed and implemented by FIE to accomplish the following objectives: (1). Broaden the participation of the education community in Federal research and education programs by providing free and unrestricted on-line access to information from all participating Federal agencies; and (2). Provide the education community with on-line access to a single keyword-searchable system for research and educational funding opportunities at the participating Federal agencies.

Rodman, J.A.

1993-08-01

357

26 CFR 301.6104(b)-1 - Publicity of information on certain information returns.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Publicity of information on certain information returns. 301.6104(b)-1 Section 301...ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records §...

2010-04-01

358

Sharing hydropower information through books and publications  

SciTech Connect

HRW summarizes several books and publications by hydro professionals that educate, instruct, or assist colleagues throughout the world as they work toward meeting today`s hydro`s challenges and pursuing opportunities.

Fulton, E.

1995-12-31

359

Hoover's Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hoover's Online features an accurate and comprehensive database of company information free on the Web. Called Hoover's MasterList Plus, the database of more than 8,500 of the largest public and private U.S. companies provides company name, key personnel, address, sales, number of employees, ticker symbol and other information for companies meeting the user's designated search criteria. Hoover's Online also includes the week's top business news stories, a directory of more than 1,000 corporate Web sites, a synopsis of the 25 top-selling business books and links to other business information resources on the Web, including stock quotes and SEC filings. The new List of Lists has dozens of rankings indicating which companies are the largest, which CEOs made the most money, which companies are the best employers, and more. Almost all of Hoover's Online is free, including the content mentioned here.

360

AAMC Publications and Information Resources: AAMC Listservs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Association of American Medical Colleges Listservs is a new web page that consolidates information about AAMC's fifteen mailing lists. Topics include AAMC activities, faculty affairs, resident affairs and medical education software, among others. Each list contains a brief description, information on eligibility requirements to join the list, and subscription information.

1997-01-01

361

Implementation Errors and Information Acquisition in Public Procurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper studies information acquisition in public procurement to mitigate imple- mentation errors that arise when production costs are uncertain ex ante. The principal faces three incentive problems: ex ante and ex post information revelation and information acquisition. Optimal contracts are nevertheless characterized by simple menus, including flexible exit options. Due to the trade-off between rent and efficiency, the principal

Daniel Krahmer; Roland Strausz

362

Setting the Public Agenda for Online Health Search: A White Paper and Action Agenda  

PubMed Central

Background Searches for health information are among the most common reasons that consumers use the Internet. Both consumers and quality experts have raised concerns about the quality of information on the Web and the ability of consumers to find accurate information that meets their needs. Objective To produce a national stakeholder-driven agenda for research, technical improvements, and education that will improve the results of consumer searches for health information on the Internet. Methods URAC, a national accreditation organization, and Consumer WebWatch (CWW), a project of Consumers Union (a consumer advocacy organization), conducted a review of factors influencing the results of online health searches. The organizations convened two stakeholder groups of consumers, quality experts, search engine experts, researchers, health-care providers, informatics specialists, and others. Meeting participants reviewed existing information and developed recommendations for improving the results of online consumer searches for health information. Participants were not asked to vote on or endorse the recommendations. Our working definition of a quality Web site was one that contained accurate, reliable, and complete information. Results The Internet has greatly improved access to health information for consumers. There is great variation in how consumers seek information via the Internet, and in how successful they are in searching for health information. Further, there is variation among Web sites, both in quality and accessibility. Many Web site features affect the capability of search engines to find and index them. Conclusions Research is needed to define quality elements of Web sites that could be retrieved by search engines and understand how to meet the needs of different types of searchers. Technological research should seek to develop more sophisticated approaches for tagging information, and to develop searches that "learn" from consumer behavior. Finally, education initiatives are needed to help consumers search more effectively and to help them critically evaluate the information they find. PMID:15249267

D'Andrea, Guy; Lorence, Dan

2004-01-01

363

Geological Society, London, Special Publications Online First published March 4, 2013; doi 10.1144/SP380.2  

E-print Network

Geological Society, London, Special Publications Online First published March 4, 2013; doi 10.1144/SP380.2 v.380, firstGeological Society, London, Special Publications S. K. Ebmeier, J. Biggs, T. A Permission part of this article to seek permission to re-use all orhereclick Subscribe Collection London

Amelung, Falk

364

ERIC Online Retrieval System. Use of the DIALOG Online Information Retrieval System with ERIC Research in Education Files. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The utility of computer based on-line retrieval of material from the ERIC document files was tested by members of the ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Media and Technology at Stanford University and by the Region IX office of the U.S. Office of Education in San Francisco. The DIALOG retrieval system developed by the Information Sciences Group of…

Summit, Roger K.

365

Accessing sexual health information online: use, motivations and consequences for youth with different sexual orientations  

PubMed Central

We examine reasons why youth of different sexual orientations look for sexual health information online, and what, if anything, they do with it. The Teen Health and Technology study involved online surveys of 5542 Internet users, ages 13 through 18 in the United States. Searching for sexual health information online was reported frequently and varied significantly by sexual orientation: from 19% of heterosexual youth to 78% of gay/lesbian/queer youth. The most common reasons youth look for sexual health information is for privacy and curiosity. Sexual minority youth are more likely than heterosexual youth to report that they looked for information online because they did not have anyone to ask. Once youth have the information, no differences by sexual orientation were noted as to what they did with it. Instead, seeking out the information for privacy-related reasons and having no one to ask were related to taking some action on the information received. Findings indicate that online information is most valuable to those youth who lack alternatives. Care needs to be taken to help ensure that the sexual health information online is accurate and includes topics specific to sexual minority youth. PMID:23861481

Mitchell, Kimberly J.; Ybarra, Michele L.; Korchmaros, Josephine D.; Kosciw, Joseph G.

2014-01-01

366

5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ACT RULES AND SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information for the Public § 2604.202 Index identifying information for the public....

2012-01-01

367

5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...ACT RULES AND SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information for the Public § 2604.202 Index identifying information for the public....

2014-01-01

368

5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ACT RULES AND SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information for the Public § 2604.202 Index identifying information for the public....

2010-01-01

369

5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ACT RULES AND SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information for the Public § 2604.202 Index identifying information for the public....

2013-01-01

370

5 CFR 2604.202 - Index identifying information for the public.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ACT RULES AND SCHEDULE OF FEES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PUBLIC FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE REPORTS FOIA Public Reading Room Facility and Web Site; Index Identifying Information for the Public § 2604.202 Index identifying information for the public....

2011-01-01

371

Public Health Information and a Diverse Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses public health services of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC). The paper provides an overview of SPC and the Pacific Islands, including geography, nationality/culture, and development status. SPC Community Health Programmes (CHP) in the following areas are then described: environmental health; AIDS and STD (sexually…

Perkins, Mark

372

30 CFR 764.23 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT...DESIGNATING AREAS UNSUITABLE FOR SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS ...public for inspection free of charge and for copying at reasonsable...for all or certain types of surface coal mining operations or...

2011-07-01

373

30 CFR 764.23 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT...DESIGNATING AREAS UNSUITABLE FOR SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS ...public for inspection free of charge and for copying at reasonsable...for all or certain types of surface coal mining operations or...

2013-07-01

374

30 CFR 764.23 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT...DESIGNATING AREAS UNSUITABLE FOR SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS ...public for inspection free of charge and for copying at reasonsable...for all or certain types of surface coal mining operations or...

2014-07-01

375

30 CFR 764.23 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT...DESIGNATING AREAS UNSUITABLE FOR SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS ...public for inspection free of charge and for copying at reasonsable...for all or certain types of surface coal mining operations or...

2012-07-01

376

30 CFR 764.23 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT...DESIGNATING AREAS UNSUITABLE FOR SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS ...public for inspection free of charge and for copying at reasonsable...for all or certain types of surface coal mining operations or...

2010-07-01

377

Syntax Encodes Information Structure: Evidence from On-Line Reading Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although sentences are thought to be generally easier to process when given information precedes new information, closer examination reveals that these preferences only manifest within some syntactic structures. Here, we examine the consequences of the relative ordering of given and new information ("information structure") for the on-line

Brown, Meredith; Savova, Virginia; Gibson, Edward

2012-01-01

378

The Effect of Information Seeking Behavior on an Online Purchase Intention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a research in progress to study the effect of information seeking behavior on an online purchase intention. There are several strategies people use to find information in the Internet, whether information of interest is known or unknown. Furthermore, before conducting a search, people may have plans on how they will gather information or simply browsing the Web

Paulus Insap Santosa

2003-01-01

379

45 CFR 1370.5 - Public information campaign grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES PROGRAMS § 1370.5 Public information campaign...

2010-10-01

380

49 CFR 537.11 - Public inspection of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.11 Public inspection of information. Except as provided in § 537.12, any person...

2012-10-01

381

49 CFR 537.11 - Public inspection of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.11 Public inspection of information. Except as provided in § 537.12, any person...

2011-10-01

382

49 CFR 537.11 - Public inspection of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.11 Public inspection of information. Except as provided in § 537.12, any person...

2010-10-01

383

49 CFR 537.11 - Public inspection of information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.11 Public inspection of information. Except as provided in § 537.12, any person...

2013-10-01

384

Recommendations concerning energy information model documentation, public access, and evaluation  

E-print Network

In this study we provide an analysis of the factors underlying Congressional concern regarding model documentation, policies for public access, and evaluation procedures of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) and ...

Wood, David O.

1979-01-01

385

Public Law 101-301: Implementation Procedures Informational Brochure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides information on implementation procedures of Public Law 101-301, which amends Public Law 100-297 (Hawkins Stafford Act 1988). P.L. 101-301 permits tribes and authorized tribal grant schools to request that Congressionally appropriated funds for facilities operation and maintenance, including construction funds for elementary…

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education Programs.

386

Public Library Information and Referral Project, Phase II. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is the second of a two-phase survey of public library information and referral (I&R) service. In this phase, seven public libraries offering I&R services were studied in depth to provide descriptions of their operations, organizational factors, and the reactions of their users. Organizational factors and operations were studied through…

Childers, Thomas; Krauser, Cheri

387

Assignment 4 Information Technology for the Public and Nonprofit Sector  

E-print Network

Assignment 4 Information Technology for the Public and Nonprofit Sector "IT and Web 2.0 Mini and nonprofits over the next decade? What are some of the managerial issues you might be facing down the road of these emerging technologies in public or nonprofit settings. Here are some ideas for projects, but I'm sure you

Schweik, Charles M.

388

Information Sheet on Isolation & Restraint in Public Schools  

E-print Network

Information Sheet on Isolation & Restraint in Public Schools There is a new law1 in Tennessee about the use of restraint and isolation in public schools, which took effect January 1st, 2009. Restraint means, convenience or retaliation Schools MAY: · use restraint or isolation in emergency situations · use restraint

Cui, Yan

389

Performance-Based Assessment in an Online Course: Comparing Different Types of Information Literacy Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates whether the type of instruction (a single face-to-face librarian-led instruction, instructor-led instruction, or an online IL course--the Online Research Lab) has an impact on student information literacy gains in a Freshman English Composition program. A performance-based assessment was carried out by analyzing…

Mery, Yvonne; Newby, Jill; Peng, Ke

2012-01-01

390

Empirical Study on Gender Differences in Merchandise Picture Information Influencing Online Shopping Impulse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there are lots of researches about online-stores, researchers seem to neglect the impact that merchandise pictures have on customers. We use the PDP (process dissociation procedure) to study different gender subjects' information automatic processing in face of different types of merchandise pictures with and without real human. The results will help reveal customers' online shopping impulse. The research results

Ren Lingyu; Zhang Ying

2010-01-01

391

Defining Information Needs for Public Health Systems and Services Research  

PubMed Central

Background: People who lead or manage public health agencies have multiple needs for information in order to do their jobs effectively. In seeking to investigate “what works” in public health practice, investigators in the field of public health systems and services research (PHSSR) have largely overlapping information needs but often require a greater detail, specificity, or comprehensiveness than is routinely available in public health data systems. PHSSR Data Needs Meeting: On April 24, 2014, the PHSSR Center of the University of Kentucky and AcademyHealth convened a 1-day meeting of public health practitioners and PHSSR investigators to identify PHSSR information needs. Meeting participants considered data needs for three PHSSR domains: the organization of public health agencies and services, the use of rapidly evolving health information technologies, and the financing and economic evaluation of public health activities. Future Data Needs: Identifying data needs in these and other PHSSR domains requires clarification of research questions, consideration of research methods, a balance of imagination and practicality, and investments to extend the information captured in existing administrative, financial, and population health monitoring systems.

Buehler, James W.

2014-01-01

392

Quantum Public-Key Encryption with Information Theoretic Security  

E-print Network

We propose a definition for the information theoretic security of a quantum public-key encryption scheme, and present bit-oriented and two-bit-oriented encryption schemes satisfying our security definition via the introduction of a new public-key algorithm structure. We extend the scheme to a multi-bitoriented one, and conjecture that it is also information theoretically secure, depending directly on the structure of our new algorithm.

Jiangyou Pan; Li Yang

2012-02-20

393

MO/DSD online information server and global information repository access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Often in the past, standards and new technology information have been available only in hardcopy form, with reproduction and mailing costs proving rather significant. In light of NASA's current budget constraints and in the interest of efficient communications, the Mission Operations and Data Systems Directorate (MO&DSD) New Technology and Data Standards Office recognizes the need for an online information server (OLIS). This server would allow: (1) dissemination of standards and new technology information throughout the Directorate more quickly and economically; (2) online browsing and retrieval of documents that have been published for and by MO&DSD; and (3) searching for current and past study activities on related topics within NASA before issuing a task. This paper explores a variety of available information servers and searching tools, their current capabilities and limitations, and the application of these tools to MO&DSD. Most importantly, the discussion focuses on the way this concept could be easily applied toward improving dissemination of standards and new technologies and improving documentation processes.

Nguyen, Diem; Ghaffarian, Kam; Hogie, Keith; Mackey, William

1994-01-01

394

Social Operational Information, Competence, and Participation in Online Collective Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent advances in interactive web technologies, combined with widespread broadband and mobile device adoption, have made online collective action commonplace. Millions of individuals work together to aggregate, annotate, and share digital text, audio, images, and video. Given the prevalence and importance of online collective action systems,…

Antin, Judd David

2010-01-01

395

Information Literacy: An Online Course for Student Library Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As technology advances continue to impact K-12 schools, online education options offer alternative choices for both teaching and learning. Library media specialists, long committed to providing physical and intellectual access to instructional materials, have responded to changing needs in this online world. They had previously created a virtual…

Lincoln, Margaret

2009-01-01

396

Selective use of online literature searching by a drug information service.  

PubMed

The use of online searching in a drug information center on a regular but selective basis is described. Of 90-100 information requests received monthly in a university-affiliated drug information center located within the health sciences library, five to eight computer searches are performed. All other questions are answered using a manual search. The computer searches are conducted by a medical librarian who works closely with the pharmacist. For each search, the library charges the drug information center for at least 12 minutes of connect time; charges cover the library's direct costs only. The drug information center is staffed by a director and assistant director; in addition, Pharm.D. students and clinical pharmacy residents work there. Factors influencing the decision to do an online rather than a manual search include budgetary constraints, how quickly an answer is needed, the success of a preliminary manual search, and the complexity of the request. Considerations for conducting online searches through a library rather than by the staff of the drug information center include requisite search skills, costs, and accessibility to computer search services. The selective use of online searches through a health sciences library is a viable means of accessing online information in a drug information center that cannot support its own online literature-retrieval system. PMID:6338713

Knodel, L C; Bierschenk, N F

1983-02-01

397

32 CFR 705.6 - Releasing public information material to the media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Releasing public information material to the media. 705.6 Section 705.6 National...Releasing public information material to the media. (a) Methods of releasing information...through which information is released to media: (1) Navy oriented information...

2010-07-01

398

Nuclear energy information flow from DOE to the public  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this research was to study the DOE's program for educating the public about nuclear power and nuclear waste management. DOE's organizational structuree and the procedures used within this structure to disseminate information were studied and readability tests on nuclear information distributed by DOE were conducted. Initial information was obtained through interviews with 29 local, state, and federal DOE representatives. This was supplemented with additional information as it was released by the DOE. The primary goals of the DOE's information program are to encourage two-way communication between the DOE and the public and to encourage public participation in policy-making decisions. Most of this communication, however, is presented orally. Relative to other energy technologies and conservation, very few nuclear brochures are currently being distributed by the DOE. This is especially true with regard to information about nuclear waste. A recent public survey found that a majority of the public wants to learn more about nuclear power and that, with regard to the nuclear fuel cycle, the public wants most to learn about nuclear waste management. Thus, the DOE appears to be missing an eager audience.

Simmons, J.L.; Rankin, W.L.; Nealey, S.M.

1980-06-01

399

40 CFR 246.200-10 - Recommended procedures: Public information and education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Recommended procedures: Public information and education. 246.200-10...SOURCE SEPARATION FOR MATERIALS RECOVERY GUIDELINES Requirements...Recommended procedures: Public information and education. A well-organized...and well-executed public information and education...

2010-07-01

400

40 CFR 246.201-9 - Recommended procedures: Public information and education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Recommended procedures: Public information and education. 246.201-9...SOURCE SEPARATION FOR MATERIALS RECOVERY GUIDELINES Requirements...Recommended procedures: Public information and education. A well...and well executed public information and education...

2010-07-01

401

75 FR 19416 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Assessment System...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

The proposed information collection requirement described below will be submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act. The Department is soliciting public comments on the subject...

2010-04-14

402

Teaching Information-Seeking Behavior and "Precision Public Relations" to Public Relations Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for teachers of public relations courses, this document describes the teaching of information-seeking behavior in an upper-level public relations techniques course. The paper discusses objectives, course concepts, course procedures, resources used, and the role of the instructors. It then describes secondary research projects, including a…

Bissland, James H.

403

ADA Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ADA Online, from the American Dental Association (ADA), includes resources for professionals, patients, and students. The site contains membership information, ADA publications and position papers, research and recommendations on clinical issues, a catalog of handouts and posters for patient education, information for new dentists, factsheets on dental careers, licensing information, directories of accredited education programs, listings of continuing education courses, and more. The section for patients and consumers includes answers to frequently asked questions; information on oral health, disease prevention, and how to deal with dental emergencies; and special sections for parents, children, and teens. A small portion of the site is for ADA members only.

1998-01-01

404

NOAH--New York Online Access to Health: library collaboration for bilingual consumer health information on the Internet.  

PubMed Central

New York Online Access to Health (NOAH) is a Web site that provides accurate, timely, relevant, and unbiased full-text health information in both English and Spanish. A joint project of The City University of New York Office of Library Services, The New York Academy of Medicine Library, the Metropolitan New York Library Council, and The New York Public Library, NOAH brings consumer health information to the public in New York City and around the world via the Internet. NOAH is an example of a successful collaboration among different types of libraries (academic, public, medical society) and voluntary health agencies to use new technologies to reach a very broad public. This paper discusses the involvement of the library partners in terms of the management and funding of the site. Web site construction is described including how the information is gathered and organized. Future plans and funding issues for NOAH are considered in terms of the expected increase in the need for consumer health information. NOAH can be reached at: www.noah.cuny.edu. PMID:9681167

Voge, S

1998-01-01

405

18 CFR 8.11 - Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Information respecting use and development of public recreational opportunities... RECREATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES AND DEVELOPMENT AT LICENSED PROJECTS § 8.11 Information respecting use and development of public recreational...

2010-04-01

406

Information Policy: Public Laws from the 95th Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of abstracts provides brief descriptions of the 74 new public laws relating to computers and information policy that were enacted during the 95th Congress. Each of these bills is concerned with information, although the diverse subject matter--e.g., energy and clean water, food and health, foreign investments, ethics in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on House Administration.

407

32 CFR 286.2 - DoD public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...information. 286.2 Section 286.2 National Defense Department... General Provisions § 286.2 DoD public information. ...requester to involve the FOIA. (2) Within the OSD, the Assistant...the location of Component's World Wide Web page, a reference...

2010-07-01

408

West Valley Demonstration Project: Public information plan: Objectives, 1988  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the objectives and proposed activities of the public information program. Included are statements of purpose, goals, approach, and methods of implementation. This office deals with local, state, and federal agencies to inform them on the status of this demonstration project. (TEM)

Hoffman, W. D.

1987-09-30

409

A Comprehensive Assessment of Public Information Dissemination Final Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two reports from federal agencies look at the future of free government information in the digital age. Since its establishment in 1861, the US Government Printing Office (GPO) has been responsible for printing key government documents from all three branches of the federal government, which are disseminated to the public via a network of over 1,300 federal depository libraries, in a variety of formats, including print and, increasingly, electronic. This centralized system of dissemination has been weakening in recent years as more and more government information is available at agency Websites. While there are many advantages to Web-accessible government information -- it is more searchable, available at all times of day without travelling, and may be less expensive for the government to produce -- there is a down side as well -- some segments of the US population cannot use electronic government documents, the explosion of information on the Internet makes government documents harder to find, and issues of authenticity and longevity have yet to be addressed. This report (each of the first three volumes is approximately 300 pages), from the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS), takes a broader look at the government's public information dissemination practices. The report urges the government to recognize public information as a "strategic national resource." The Executive Summary, in Volume 1, lists 36 recommendations to improve public access to government information.

2001-01-01

410

When Does Retargeting Work? Information Specificity in Online Advertising  

E-print Network

Firms can now offer personalized recommendations to consumers who return to their website, using consumers' previous browsing history on that website. In addition, online advertising has greatly improved in its use of ...

Lambrecht, Anja

411

32 CFR 806.3 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...appropriate FOIA office and an Air Force attorney. Regardless of the...release of information from Air Force records, then control the request as a FOIA and follow...HQ AFCIC/ITC will make the Air Force handbook and guide for...

2013-07-01

412

32 CFR 806.3 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...appropriate FOIA office and an Air Force attorney. Regardless of the...release of information from Air Force records, then control the request as a FOIA and follow...HQ AFCIC/ITC will make the Air Force handbook and guide for...

2011-07-01

413

32 CFR 806.3 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...appropriate FOIA office and an Air Force attorney. Regardless of the...release of information from Air Force records, then control the request as a FOIA and follow...HQ AFCIC/ITC will make the Air Force handbook and guide for...

2012-07-01

414

32 CFR 806.3 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...appropriate FOIA office and an Air Force attorney. Regardless of the...release of information from Air Force records, then control the request as a FOIA and follow...HQ AFCIC/ITC will make the Air Force handbook and guide for...

2010-07-01

415

32 CFR 806.3 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...appropriate FOIA office and an Air Force attorney. Regardless of the...release of information from Air Force records, then control the request as a FOIA and follow...HQ AFCIC/ITC will make the Air Force handbook and guide for...

2014-07-01

416

32 CFR 518.6 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...rules established by proper authority in DA shall not be withheld in whole...Freedom of Information Act/Privacy Act (DA FOIA/PA) Office shall prepare, in...use it to access government records. The DA FOIA/PA Office handbook will...

2014-07-01

417

32 CFR 518.6 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...rules established by proper authority in DA shall not be withheld in whole...Freedom of Information Act/Privacy Act (DA FOIA/PA) Office shall prepare, in...use it to access government records. The DA FOIA/PA Office handbook will...

2013-07-01

418

32 CFR 518.6 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...rules established by proper authority in DA shall not be withheld in whole...Freedom of Information Act/Privacy Act (DA FOIA/PA) Office shall prepare, in...use it to access government records. The DA FOIA/PA Office handbook will...

2011-07-01

419

32 CFR 518.6 - Public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...rules established by proper authority in DA shall not be withheld in whole...Freedom of Information Act/Privacy Act (DA FOIA/PA) Office shall prepare, in...use it to access government records. The DA FOIA/PA Office handbook will...

2012-07-01

420

Online Marketing Strategies in the Information Economy: A Comparative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

On-line marketers are fast pushing the boundaries of the field through a combination of creative content, the use of in-depth market knowledge, and the deployment of interactive and analytical technological tools. Targeted on-line marketing has emerged as a viable form of reaching customers on the Internet. In addition to providing a cheap and effective way of reaching qualified and interested

Louis Minakakis

2001-01-01

421

The Healthy Web--Access to Online Health Information for Individuals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The Internet can be an invaluable resource for obtaining health information by people with disabilities. Although valid and reliable information is available, previous research revealed barriers to accessing health information online. Health education specialists have the responsibilities to insure that it is accessible to all users.…

Geiger, Brian; Evans, R. R.; Cellitti, M. A.; Smith, K. Hogan; O'Neal, Marcia R.; Firsing, S. L., III; Chandan, P.

2011-01-01

422

Online Discussion Compensates for Suboptimal Timing of Supportive Information Presentation in a Digitally Supported Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used a sequential set-up to investigate the consecutive effects of timing of supportive information presentation (information before vs. information during the learning task clusters) in interactive digital learning materials (IDLMs) and type of collaboration (personal discussion vs. online discussion) in computer-supported…

Noroozi, Omid; Busstra, Maria C.; Mulder, Martin; Biemans, Harm J. A.; Tobi, Hilde; Geelen, Anouk; van't Veer, Pieter; Chizari, Mohammad

2012-01-01

423

Consumers' Online Information Search: Gen Yers' Finding Needles in the Internet Haystack  

Microsoft Academic Search

There exists a paucity of research attention afforded to understanding consumer information search behavior on the Internet, vis-a-vis existing information search models such as an interactive, consumer experience in the offline realm. Thus, the present study investigates whether the factors inculcated within traditional cognitive processing models remain significant in the online information setting. Grounded in the contributions of Punj and

Moutusy Maity; Maxwell K. Hsu; Lou E. Pelton

2012-01-01

424

International Students Using Online Information Resources to Learn: Complex Experience and Learning Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings of a qualitative study that investigated 25 international students' use of online information resources for study purposes at two Australian universities. Using an expanded critical incident approach, the study viewed international students through an information literacy lens, as information-using learners.…

Hughes, Hilary

2013-01-01

425

Conference Report: Online Information Meeting 2005, Olympia, London (UK), 29 November-1 December 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many years now the Holiday season has been associated with the gathering of information professionals in west London for the annual Online Information Meeting. The Meeting currently is organized by VNU Exhibitions Europe (formerly Imark Communication), though for old-timers it will forever be associated with Learned Information, the…

Education for Information, 2006

2006-01-01

426

A Context Driven Information Retrieval for Online Urban Disaster Management System  

E-print Network

A Context Driven Information Retrieval for Online Urban Disaster Management System Khaldoun ZREIK of Disaster Managing Approaches depends firmly on information and communication management system. Due to the interactive decision board, an optimised Data Base Management System, a light Geographical Information System

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

427

Online Recognition of Music Is Influenced by Relative and Absolute Pitch Information  

E-print Network

Online Recognition of Music Is Influenced by Relative and Absolute Pitch Information Sarah C. Creel to assess what types of pitch information adults use in recognition. Fixation and error data suggest recognition rapidly. Further, adults use both absolute and relative pitch information in recognition

Gentner, Timothy

428

Readability of online health information: implications for health literacy.  

PubMed

Accessibility is one of six quality criteria articulated by the European Commission in its code of conduct for health websites. Readability plays an integral part in determining a website's accessibility. Health information that is hard to read may remain inaccessible to people with low health literacy. This study aimed to calculate the readability of websites on various causes of disease. The names of 22 health conditions were entered into five search engines, and the readability of the first 10 results for each search were evaluated using Gunning FOG, SMOG, Flesch-Kincaid and Flesch Reading Ease tests (n=352). Readability was stratified and assessed by search term, search term complexity, top-level domain and paragraph position. The mean reading grade was 12.30, and the mean FRE was 46.08, scores considered 'difficult'. Websites on certain topics were found to be even harder to read than average. Where conditions had multiple names, searching for the simplest one led to the most readable results. Websites with .gov and .nhs TLDs were the most readable while .edu sites were the least. Within texts, a trend of increasing difficulty was found with concluding paragraphs being the hardest to read. It was also found that some of the most frequent search results (such as Wikipedia pages) were amongst the hardest to read. Health professionals, with the help of public and specialised libraries, need to create and direct patients towards high-quality, plain language health information in multiple languages. PMID:21332302

McInnes, Nicholas; Haglund, Bo J A

2011-12-01

429

EFFECTS OF USING ONLINE NARRATIVE AND DIDACTIC INFORMATION ON HEALTHCARE PARTICIPATION FOR BREAST CANCER PATIENTS  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine the effects of online narrative and didactic information on breast cancer patients’ healthcare participation and the interaction effects of race. Methods Sample: 353 breast cancer patients (111 African Americans) using an eHealth program with narratives (audiovisual and text) and didactic information (text only). Measures: healthcare participation scale (0, 4 months), online information use. Analyses: hierarchical regression. Results Narrative (? = .123, p <.01) and didactic (? = .104, p <.05) information use had independent and positive effects on healthcare participation. Effects of both were significantly greater for African Americans. Conclusions Findings are consistent with and advance prior research on online learning processes and outcomes for breast cancer patients: (1) Benefits accrue with using a variety of online learning tools; and (2) African Americans use and benefit more from online narrative and didactic information than do Caucasians. Practice implications eHealth programs should provide both didactic and narrative information—especially for African Americans and might consider making greater use of interactive and audiovisual formats. As patients increasingly use of the web for cancer information, clinicians should provide lists of web high quality resources that provide both narrative and didactic information. PMID:18201859

Wise, Meg; Han, Jeong Yeob; Shaw, Bret; McTavish, Fiona; Gustafson, David H.

2008-01-01

430

EPA explores its client base and speaks to a broader ``public'' for public information services  

SciTech Connect

The US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) has 33 hotlines operational for technical support to states and the public on matters of education, risk information and general public outreach. The subject matter or speciality of the hotlines ranges from Superfund and Indoor Air to Air Toxics and Stratospheric Ozone. Increased agency mandates calling for further expansion of community right to know relate to the level of need for information and the agency's response to it. Past agency surveys clearly indicate the rise of the public sector demand for information and by disproportionate contrast, less demand from private sectors. The expanded agency initiative will require more management of information sought by an expanded customer driven client base. The information gap between those with information to make decisions and those without information is narrowing, creating a more informed public with definitive information demands. In the time frame 1988 to 1994 states and private groups clearly were leading in statistics taken on client profiles of the average caller. The client database held a 65% plus base of callers from non citizen type callers. There is a clear shift in databases viewed from 1995 to 1996 and into 1998. Currently 65% plus are noted as private citizens. Some calls are public citizens wearing two hats voicing strong opinions as to who is the stakeholder. Issues such as noise, air and water quality are now voiced concerns from all clients who have now entered the age of partnerships with a strong signal given as to perceived threats to community, consumer health and public health.

Marsh, M.

1999-07-01

431

How People Acquire Information: A Model of the Public Affairs Information Attainment Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A public affairs information acquisition model postulated 26 causal lines among the background variables parental status, educational attainment, income, social/political participation, five communication sources, and public affairs information status. Since this sequential model had 35 possible paths among the variables but hypothesized that only…

Kanervo, Ellen W.

432

Newborn Screening Information Supports Public Health More than Informed Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To appraise information resources on newborn blood spot screening currently available for parents and health professionals internationally. Method: Health information on newborn blood spot screening was sourced internationally through the internet and, in the United Kingdom, through health service providers and support organisations. An…

Hargreaves, Katrina; Stewart, Ruth; Oliver, Sandy

2005-01-01

433

Key Questions to Ask Is the requested information "public information?  

E-print Network

/former official or employee's home address, home telephone number, SSN, and whether the person has family members in a personnel file (an employee date of birth). Section 552.102 · Information relating to litigation 10/21 Provided by OGC 1 #12;· Information relating to an employee or officer is excepted IF, "under

434

Public information strategies : making government information available to citizens  

Microsoft Academic Search

New technological opportunities and increasing demands make it imperative for government agencies to make the information they gather available to citizens. How should they go about this? This paper presents a conceptual framework for analyzing the strategic options open to agencies which have information that could be relevant to citizens. The conceptual framework is constructed on the basis of the

A. J. Meijer; M. Thaens

2009-01-01

435

Tools to support evidence-informed public health decision making  

PubMed Central

Background Public health professionals are increasingly expected to engage in evidence-informed decision making to inform practice and policy decisions. Evidence-informed decision making involves the use of research evidence along with expertise, existing public health resources, knowledge about community health issues, the local context and community, and the political climate. The National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools has identified a seven step process for evidence-informed decision making. Tools have been developed to support public health professionals as they work through each of these steps. This paper provides an overview of tools used in three Canadian public health departments involved in a study to develop capacity for evidence-informed decision making. Methods As part of a knowledge translation and exchange intervention, a Knowledge Broker worked with public health professionals to identify and apply tools for use with each of the steps of evidence-informed decision making. The Knowledge Broker maintained a reflective journal and interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of decision makers and public health professionals. This paper presents qualitative analysis of the perceived usefulness and usability of the tools. Results Tools were used in the health departments to assist in: question identification and clarification; searching for the best available research evidence; assessing the research evidence for quality through critical appraisal; deciphering the ‘actionable message(s)’ from the research evidence; tailoring messages to the local context to ensure their relevance and suitability; deciding whether and planning how to implement research evidence in the local context; and evaluating the effectiveness of implementation efforts. Decision makers provided descriptions of how the tools were used within the health departments and made suggestions for improvement. Overall, the tools were perceived as valuable for advancing and sustaining evidence-informed decision making. Conclusion Tools are available to support the process of evidence-informed decision making among public health professionals. The usability and usefulness of these tools for advancing and sustaining evidence-informed decision making are discussed, including recommendations for the tools’ application in other public health settings beyond this study. Knowledge and awareness of these tools may assist other health professionals in their efforts to implement evidence-informed practice. PMID:25034534

2014-01-01

436

Online information seeking practices of biology teachers and the perceived influences on instructional planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine biology teachers' perceptions of how their online information seeking practices influence their instructional planning. When teachers engage in activities to locate, evaluate, and use online information and resources, a myriad of inter-related and often inseparable consequences follows. These influences may be any combination of direct/indirect, desirable/undesirable, or anticipated/unanticipated (Rogers, 2003). This exploratory study collected baseline data regarding teachers' online practices and its influence on their practice. There were two phases of data collection in this study. Phase I was an online survey of more than seventy New York State biology teachers. The survey was intended to capture (1) a snapshot of the biology teachers' online information seeking practices during the summer and fall 2004, and (2) their perceptions regarding how their online practices influenced their instructional planning. In Phase II, ten study participants were interviewed in order to explore in greater detail the consequences of their online information seeking practices on their instructional planning. Four themes reflecting the consequences of teachers' information seeking practices emerged from the data analysis: Currency of Information; Sparking of Ideas and Gaining Personal Knowledge; Resource Management and the Role of Time; and Webs of Sharing. Each theme encompassed both the purposeful and the indirect actions by teachers to access knowledge and resources to refine and improve their instructional planning. This study's findings show that teachers are using a greater number and wider range of current and multi-modal resources than pre-Internet and they perceive this as an advantage in creating authentic, inquiry-based learning experiences. A notable discovery was of the under-use by teachers of educational online resources specifically designed to support teaching and learning activities (e.g., digital libraries, online databases, and listservs). This study's findings point to a recursive process in which teachers are engaged in ongoing online information seeking practices; continually learning and fostering new knowledge; integrating the learning into their instructional planning practices; changing their teaching strategies; and going back online to search for information and resources and begin the cycle again.

Perrault, Anne Marie

437

36 CFR 1120.6 - Information in A&TBCB publications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Published Information § 1120.6 Information...described in this paragraph. (b) Published indexes. The informational publications...TBCB may include indexes to materials published or contained in its records....

2010-07-01

438

When advocacy obscures accuracy online: digital pandemics of public health misinformation through an antifluoride case study.  

PubMed

Objectives. In an antifluoridation case study, we explored digital pandemics and the social spread of scientifically inaccurate health information across the Web, and we considered the potential health effects. Methods. Using the social networking site Facebook and the open source applications Netvizz and Gephi, we analyzed the connectedness of antifluoride networks as a measure of social influence, the social diffusion of information based on conversations about a sample scientific publication as a measure of spread, and the engagement and sentiment about the publication as a measure of attitudes and behaviors. Results. Our study sample was significantly more connected than was the social networking site overall (P?publication being discussed 60% and 12% of the time, respectively. Users had a 1 in 2 chance of encountering negative and nonempirical content about fluoride unrelated to the sample publication. Conclusions. Network sociology may be as influential as the information content and scientific validity of a particular health topic discussed using social media. Public health must employ social strategies for improved communication management. PMID:25602893

Seymour, Brittany; Getman, Rebekah; Saraf, Avinash; Zhang, Lily H; Kalenderian, Elsbeth

2015-03-01

439

Bringing Nano to the Public through Informal Science Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers in nanoscale science and engineering communicate all the time. We give talks, present lectures, and write papers regularly. But the general public---the consumers who will use the products of our work and the voters who indirectly set the national research agenda---do not often hear us. Informal science education---including museums, TV, public lectures, popular press, etc.---is a way to connect

Wendy Crone

2008-01-01

440

Online Opportunist: Mary Ellen Icaza--Montgomery County Public Libraries, Rockville, MD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When Mary Ellen Icaza became Electronic Services Librarian at Montgomery County Public Libraries, she noticed that the readers' services information on the library web site was invisible, even to librarians. "And if staff can't find it," she says, "customers can't." She set out to help people find that material-and to turn a "static brochure" into…

Library Journal, 2004

2004-01-01

441

Online Disclosure of University Social Responsibility: A Comparative Study of Public and Private US Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public and private universities tasked with incorporating principles of social responsibility (SR) into their activities face the multiple challenges of addressing expectations of diverse stakeholders, establishing mechanisms for dialogue, and achieving greater information transparency. This article has two goals: first, to analyze whether SR has…

Garde Sánchez, Raquel; Rodríguez Bolívar, Manuel Pedro; López-Hernández, Antonio M.

2013-01-01

442

Traceability and Online Publication of Weather Station Measurements of Temperature, Pressure, and Humidity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A project to enhance the quality of climate data has been running at the Italian Institute of Metrology (INRiM) since 2007. The focus of the project has been the installation and development of a weather station to monitor temperature, air humidity, and pressure; the collection and storage of the measurements; and the provision online to allow open-access. The project aims to improve the traceability of measurement through development of calibration and measurement protocols able to be applied to the wide variety and geographical spread of weather stations. The data collected have a short traceability to the national standards and a well-known uncertainty budget. In this work the project progress in terms of data collection and calibration of the weather station is reported. The instant measured values of the weather parameters have been published online, as is a complete database of the recordings, stored in daily, monthly, and annually collected data archives. This is the first example at the Italian national level of an archive of reliable climate data open to public access. A traceability study was carried out through calibration of the weather station instruments both in situ (over the course of one seven-hour period) and in the laboratory (under the full range of expected temperature, humidity, and pressure conditions). Significant differences in the results of the two calibrations are noted and implications for the provision of traceability discussed.

Lopardo, G.; Marengo, D.; Meda, A.; Merlone, A.; Moro, F.; Pennecchi, F. R.; Sardi, M.

2012-09-01

443

Reputation, Certification, Warranties, and Information as Remedies for Seller-Buyer Information Asymmetries: Lessons from the Online Comic Book Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Signaling strategies that sellers of higher-quality products or securities employ to differentiate their products include (1) development of a reputation for quality, (2) third-party certification, (3) warranties, and (4) information disclosure. These signaling strategies are compared using data from the online auction market for classic comic books. This market's advantages include that (1) the information asymmetry is substantial, (2) good

Michaël Dewally; Louis Ederington

2006-01-01

444

Public library computer training for older adults to access high-quality Internet health information  

PubMed Central

An innovative experiment to develop and evaluate a public library computer training program to teach older adults to access and use high-quality Internet health information involved a productive collaboration among public libraries, the National Institute on Aging and the National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and a Library and Information Science (LIS) academic program at a state university. One hundred and thirty-one older adults aged 54–89 participated in the study between September 2007 and July 2008. Key findings include: a) participants had overwhelmingly positive perceptions of the training program; b) after learning about two NIH websites (http://nihseniorhealth.gov and http://medlineplus.gov) from the training, many participants started using these online resources to find high quality health and medical information and, further, to guide their decision-making regarding a health- or medically-related matter; and c) computer anxiety significantly decreased (p < .001) while computer interest and efficacy significantly increased (p = .001 and p < .001, respectively) from pre- to post-training, suggesting statistically significant improvements in computer attitudes between pre- and post-training. The findings have implications for public libraries, LIS academic programs, and other organizations interested in providing similar programs in their communities. PMID:20161649

Xie, Bo; Bugg, Julie M.

2010-01-01

445

Evaluation of Online Information Sources on Alien Species in Europe: The Need of Harmonization and Integration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Europe is severely affected by alien invasions, which impact biodiversity, ecosystem services, economy, and human health. A large number of national, regional, and global online databases provide information on the distribution, pathways of introduction, and impacts of alien species. The sufficiency and efficiency of the current online information systems to assist the European policy on alien species was investigated by a comparative analysis of occurrence data across 43 online databases. Large differences among databases were found which are partially explained by variations in their taxonomical, environmental, and geographical scopes but also by the variable efforts for continuous updates and by inconsistencies on the definition of "alien" or "invasive" species. No single database covered all European environments, countries, and taxonomic groups. In many European countries national databases do not exist, which greatly affects the quality of reported information. To be operational and useful to scientists, managers, and policy makers, online information systems need to be regularly updated through continuous monitoring on a country or regional level. We propose the creation of a network of online interoperable web services through which information in distributed resources can be accessed, aggregated and then used for reporting and further analysis at different geographical and political scales, as an efficient approach to increase the accessibility of information. Harmonization, standardization, conformity on international standards for nomenclature, and agreement on common definitions of alien and invasive species are among the necessary prerequisites.

Gatto, Francesca; Katsanevakis, Stelios; Vandekerkhove, Jochen; Zenetos, Argyro; Cardoso, Ana Cristina

2013-06-01

446

75 FR 51283 - Information Collection; Permits for Recreation on Public Lands  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information Collection; Permits for Recreation on Public Lands AGENCY: Bureau of Land...2930, which pertains to permits for recreation and public lands. DATES: The OMB is...information collection: Title: Permits for Recreation on Public Lands (43 CFR part...

2010-08-19

447

Distributed On-line Monitoring System Based on Modem and Public Phone Net  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to solve the monitoring problem of urban sewage disposal, a distributed on-line monitoring system is proposed. By introducing dial-up communication technology based on Modem, the serial communication program can rationally solve the information transmission problem between master station and slave station. The realization of serial communication program is based on the MSComm control of C++ Builder 6.0.The software includes real-time data operation part and history data handling part, which using Microsoft SQL Server 2000 for database, and C++ Builder6.0 for user interface. The monitoring center displays a user interface with alarm information of over-standard data and real-time curve. Practical application shows that the system has successfully accomplished the real-time data acquisition from data gather station, and stored them in the terminal database.

Chen, Dandan; Zhang, Qiushi; Li, Guiru

448

Do Online Comments Influence the Public's Attitudes Toward an Organization? Effects of Online Comments Based on Individuals' Prior Attitudes.  

PubMed

The authors investigated the effects of reading different types of online comments about a company on people's attitude change based on individual's prior attitude toward the company. Based on Social Judgment Theory, several hypotheses were tested. The results showed that the effects of online comments interact with individuals' prior attitudes toward a corporation. People with a strong negative attitude toward a corporation were less influenced by other's online comments than people with a neutral attitude in general. However, people with a prior negative attitude were more affected by refutational two-sided comments than one-sided comments. The results suggest that the effects of user generated content should be studied in a holistic manner, not only by investigating the effects of online content itself, but also by examining how others' responses to the content shape or change individuals' attitudes based on their prior attitudes. PMID:25901633

Sung, Kang Hoon; Lee, Moon J

2015-05-19

449

WHEN SCIENCE GOES PUBLIC ON THE WEB - AN ANALYSIS OF THE ONLINE PR STRATEGIES OF GERMAN UNIVERSITIES AND RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The surge of interactive media and the Internet has posed particular challenges to universities and research organizations in Germany. The virtual space of online communication has given them access to an entirely new form of publicity, enabling them to make use of a communication forum received worldwide, with its own structure, topics, means of communication, and interests. But are German

Utz Lederbogen

450

Online Reading Informs Classroom Instruction and Promotes Collaborative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web-based collaborative annotation tools can facilitate communication among students and their instructors through online reading and communication. Collaborative reading fosters peer interaction and is an innovative way to facilitate discussion and participation in larger enrollment courses. It can be especially powerful as it creates an…

Wright, L. Kate; Zyto, Sacha; Karger, David R.; Newman, Dina L.

2013-01-01

451

Information incorporation in online in-Game sports betting markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze data from $52$ online in-game sports betting markets (where betting is allowed continuously throughout a game), including 34 markets based on soccer (European football) games from the 2002 World Cup, and 18 basketball games from the 2002 USA National Basketball Association (NBA) championship. We show that prices on average approach the correct outcome over time, and the price

Sandip Debnath; David M. Pennock; C. Lee Giles; Steve Lawrence

2003-01-01

452

Information technologies to improve public health: a systematic review.  

PubMed

This systematic review examines a total of eighteen studies on the use of health information technologies to improve public health. Health information technologies are tools that allow for the management of health information in computerized systems. Health information technology, including electronic health records, computers/emails, social media, and cellphones/text messaging are becoming widespread and readily accessible to populations around the globe. In this review, the use of these technologies and interventions are discussed and evaluated for their potential to improve public health. This review found some good-quality evidence on the use of electronic health records and little good-quality evidence on the use of email, social media, cell phones and text messaging to improve healthcare, illustrating the need for further study in these areas. PMID:25676984

Manhas, Melissa; Kuo, Mu-Hsing

2015-01-01

453

Trust perceptions of online travel information by different content creators: Some social and legal implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumers are increasingly turning to the online environment to provide information to assist them in making purchase decisions\\u000a related to travel products. They often rely on travel recommendations from different sources, such as sellers, independent\\u000a experts and, increasingly, other consumers. A new type of online content, user-generated content (UGC), provides a number\\u000a of legal and social challenges to providers and

Stephen Burgess; Carmine Sellitto; Carmen Cox; Jeremy Buultjens

2011-01-01

454

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center Print Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Center provides a list of print publications from the ICT Center Delmar Learning Series, created by Delmar Learning and the ICT Center. Titles include Introduction to Telecommunications Networks, Basic Telecommunications: The Physical Layer, Fiber Optic Communications and Network Security. The listings for each book include links to information and sample chapters on Delmar Learning's website, as well as links to order the titles on Amazon.com.

455

American Lung Association`s radon public information program  

SciTech Connect

The American Lung Association (ALA), the nation`s oldest voluntary health organization, is dedicated to the conquest of lung disease and the promotion of lung health. The objective of the ALA Radon Public Information Program is to reduce public exposure to elevated indoor radon levels through implementing grassroots-based radon public awareness campaigns by 22 local ALA groups. The program, which is funded by a grant from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), was initiated in December 1989; the first phase will continue until May, 1991. Activities of local Lung Associations include distribution of free or reduced-cost radon kits; presenting programs in elementary and secondary schools; presenting information on TV news series and talk shows, and on radio Public Service Announcements and talk shows; presenting articles and feature stories in the print media; holding conferences, workshops, and displays at fairs and other exhibitions; distributing radon fact sheets through libraries and utility company mailings; and distributing videos through video chains and libraries. The local Lung Associations also serve as promoters for the EPA/Advertising Council Radon Public Service Announcement Campaign. We will highlight the activities of the groups in communicating radon health risks to the public; we will describe the results obtained and will attempt to evaluate the merits of the various approaches on the basis of the initial results.

McCurdy, L.E. [American Lung Association, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31

456

Searching from the Heart: The Interplay between Emotions and Customization in Online Health Information Seeking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prospect of a threat to one's health or an opportunity for improved health can spark emotional reactions--the fear of an illness or the hope of a healthier life. People are increasingly turning to the Internet to search for information related to such health issues. However, the dizzying amount of online health information--some of it of…

Myrick, Jessica Gall

2013-01-01

457

Combining bitmaps with dynamic writing information for on-line handwriting recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Writer independent, large vocabulary online handwriting recognition systems require robust input representations, which make optimal use of the dynamic writing information, i.e. the temporal ordering of the sampled data points. In this paper we describe an input representation for cursive handwriting, which combines this dynamic writing information with static bitmaps used in optical character recognition. This input representation is used

Stefan Manke; Michael Finke; Alex Waibel

1994-01-01

458

The Motivation for Collaborative Discovery Learning Online and Its Application in an Information Systems Assurance Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops the motivation for collaborative discovery learn- ing online and explains its application in a master's course in information systems assurance. In discovery learning, participants learn to recognize a problem, char- acterize what a solution would look like, search for relevant information, develop a solution strategy, and execute the chosen strategy. In collaborative discovery learn- ing, participants, immersed

A. Faye Borthick; Donald R. Jones

2000-01-01

459

Understanding the Online Information-Seeking Behaviours of Young People: The Role of Networks of Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information seeking is one of the most popular online activities for young people and can provide an additional information channel, which may enhance learning. In this study, we propose and test a model that adds to the existing literature by examining the ways in which parents, schools, and friends (what we call networks of support) effect young…

Eynon, R.; Malmberg, L.-E.

2012-01-01

460

Educators' Perceptions and Reported Behaviors Associated with Participation in Informal, Online Professional Development Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few comprehensive, descriptive studies regarding educator use of social media for informal professional learning have been conducted. The purpose of this study was to examine, through a survey tool with both qualitative and quantitative components, educators' perceptions and reported behaviors associated with participation in informal, online

Fucoloro, Deborah J.

2012-01-01

461

A Tailored Approach to Identifying and Addressing College Students' Online Health Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: College students may fail to practice information literacy skills because they are unaware of their skill level or are not concerned with the risks. Purpose: In order to develop an effective message that motivates college students to learn online health information literacy skills, a better understanding of perceptions about such…

Banas, Jennifer

2008-01-01

462

Informal patient payments in publicly financed healthcare facilities in Lithuania.  

PubMed

Background: Since the late 1990s Lithuania has had a mixed, solidary based healthcare system, predominantly funded from the National Health Insurance Fund through a compulsory health insurance scheme. The cultural tradition of informal payments in healthcare in Lithuania was inherited from the Soviet past and is still alive. Aim: This study reveals the extent and nature of informal patient payments, and identifies the motivation behind those payments occurring in publicly financed healthcare facilities in Lithuania. Methods: The quantitative household survey design was chosen for this study. The randomly selected sample was comprised of inhabitants aged 18 years and older, representing the entire population of Lithuania by county, place of residence (urban and rural), age and sex. The study sample consisted of 1067 participants interviewed in 2009 and 2010, and 1068 in 2011 (response rate ranged from 66.6% to 68.2%). Results: Users of healthcare services usually made informal payments for the visit to, and consultation with, a general practitioner or physician specialist and for diagnostic services. Females and older citizens, the disabled, public/private sector employees, retirees, those with higher education and those in the highest household monthly income group were more prone to pay informally for health services. The majority of respondents were against formalization of informal patient payment. CONCLUSIONS NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE PAYMENTS FOR HEALTHCARE SERVICES FROM THE FORMAL PUBLIC FUND FOR HEALTHCARE ARE FURTHER AUGMENTED BY INFORMAL PAYMENTS FROM SERVICE CONSUMERS, USED ROUTINELY FOR BETTER ACCESS TO AND HIGHER QUALITY OF HEALTHCARE SERVICE: PMID:24906553

Riklikiene, Olga; Jarasiunaite, Gabija; Starkiene, Liudvika

2014-06-01

463

Students' Scientific Epistemic Beliefs, Online Evaluative Standards, and Online Searching Strategies for Science Information: The Moderating Role of Cognitive Load Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the moderating role of cognitive load experience between students' scientific epistemic beliefs and information commitments, which refer to online evaluative standards and online searching strategies. A total of 344 science-related major students participated in this study. Three questionnaires were…

Hsieh, Ya-Hui; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2014-01-01

464

Movies, Open Mic, Social Media, and More: Public Information Events  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From a standing-room-only screening of Chasing Ice to a day of science communication workshops to new events such as Open Mic Night and AGU Cinema, AGU's Public Information office presented a range of events at this year's Fall Meeting, all designed to encourage and highlight ways that Earth and space scientists can share their research.

Ramsayer, Kate

2013-01-01

465

Drunk Driving Public Information Program Strategies and Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, designed to accompany a videocassette of selected television spots is a compendium of specific drunk driving topics and issues for each of the major planning steps of a public information program. The guide is organized around these steps, which are (1) select program strategies, (2) select target audiences, (3) select media channels,…

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

466

34 CFR 76.106 - State documents are public information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

34 ? Education ? 1 ? 2013-07-01 ? 2013-07-01 ? false ? State documents are public information. ? 76.106 ? Section 76.106 ? Education ? Office of the Secretary, Department of Education ? STATE-ADMINISTERED PROGRAMS ? How a State Applies for a Grant ? State Plans and Applications ? § 76.106 ?...

2013-07-01

467

Public Information and Abnormal Returns in Real Estate Investment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study performs empirical tests of the semistrong form efficiency of a real estate investment market. An asset pricing model is utilized to estimate the abnormal returns resulting from two types of public information, major changes in government tax shelter and rent control policies as well as unanticipated changes in interest rates. In both cases the results find an absence

George W. Gau

1985-01-01

468

Information Extraction from Social Media for Public Health Nomie Elhadad  

E-print Network

York City Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene hwaechte@health.nyc.gov ABSTRACT Social media sitesInformation Extraction from Social Media for Public Health Noémie Elhadad Columbia University University djhsu@cs.columbia.edu Sharon Balter New York City Dept. of Health and Mental Hygiene sbalter@health

Gravano, Luis

469

Virtual Seminar in Geographic Information Science: Public Participation GIS  

E-print Network

1 GEO 599 Virtual Seminar in Geographic Information Science: Public Participation GIS Fall 2007: Are you interested in community-based GIS, GIS for citizen involvement, conservation GIS with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and citizen groups? Grassroots GIS? Issues of empowerment and marginalization where GIS

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

470

Research and Publication Patterns in Library and Information Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research and publication patterns of thirty-four topranking researchers in library and information science (LIS) in Africa were surveyed. The researchers produced 294 papers during the 1990–1995 period which were considered for this study. The findings reveal that majority of the researchers were from universities and were based mainly in Nigeria and South Africa. The principal research centres, however, were

L. O. Aina; N. P. Mooko

1999-01-01

471

Post Survey Use with a Public Information Campaign.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate the cognitive, affective, and behavioral responses to a public information campaign concerning a city-wide smoking ordinance, a study conducted a telephone survey of 4500 randomly selected Dallas, Texas residents (netting 374 usable surveys) during a two-week period in November, 1986. The smoking ordinance required Dallas…

Toth, Elizabeth Lance; Trujillo, Nick

472

GLOBAL PUBLIC POLICY 2011-2012 concentration information  

E-print Network

Security Cohen (3cr) PA 8821 National Security Policy Andreasen (3cr) PA 5890 Crisis Management Andreasen Security Policy PA 8821 National Security Policy PA 5821 Humanitarianism PA 5890 Crisis Management LAW 60224/27/2012 GLOBAL PUBLIC POLICY 2011-2012 concentration information Applies to MPP concentrations

Levinson, David M.

473

Public Education Information Management System Data Standards, 2001-2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The submission of Public Education Information Management System (PEIMS) data is required of all Texas school districts. The "Data Standards" document provides instructions regarding the submission of PEIMS data from school districts to the Texas Education Agency. The 2001-2002 standards describe the PEIMS data reporting requirement and provide…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

474

Public Information 1. Student Achievement as determined by the program  

E-print Network

failing test Pass rate 2006 3 3 0 100% 2007 8 4 4 50% 2008 11 8 3 73% 2009 1 1 0 100% 2010 4 4 0 100Public Information 1. Student Achievement as determined by the program The program used an alumni survey to father data on student achievement and satisfaction. Data is gathered one year and three years

Illinois at Chicago, University of

475

Utilizing Information Technology in Innovative Marketing Approaches for Public Transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The original objective of this study was to scan the internet and other information technology sources to identify innovative marketing techniques that have been attempted to date by, in and surrounding the public transportation industry, and to solicit ideas for more unconventional applications that transit agencies and TDM professionals can consider. The investigation led to the uses, applications, marketing and

William P Morris; Kelly Robertson; Jeremy Spinks

2009-01-01

476

Information Literacy Training in Public Libraries: A Case from Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the current state of information literacy (IL) training and to identify the strategies and methods used by Canadian public libraries in improving IL skills for their staff and patrons. Also, the study sought to identify problems associated with the development of IL training. This study employed document…

Lai, Horng-Ji

2011-01-01

477

Information for rural development: challenge for Nigerian rural public libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nigeria is a developing country where the majority of the population live in rural areas. The majority of these rural dwellers are either non-literate or semi-literate. The need to involve them in the national development process cannot be overemphasized. This can be achieved through the identification of the information needs of rural dwellers and the provision of innovative rural public

Rose Bini Okiy

2003-01-01

478

Weak ties: Subtle role of information diffusion in online social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a social media, online social networks play a vital role in the social information diffusion. However, due to its unique complexity, the mechanism of the diffusion in online social networks is different from the ones in other types of networks and remains unclear to us. Meanwhile, few works have been done to reveal the coupled dynamics of both the structure and the diffusion of online social networks. To this end, in this paper, we propose a model to investigate how the structure is coupled with the diffusion in online social networks from the view of weak ties. Through numerical experiments on large-scale online social networks, we find that in contrast to some previous research results, selecting weak ties preferentially to republish cannot make the information diffuse quickly, while random selection can achieve this goal. However, when we remove the weak ties gradually, the coverage of the information will drop sharply even in the case of random selection. We also give a reasonable explanation for this by extra analysis and experiments. Finally, we conclude that weak ties play a subtle role in the information diffusion in online social networks. On one hand, they act as bridges to connect isolated local communities together and break through the local trapping of the information. On the other hand, selecting them as preferential paths to republish cannot help the information spread further in the network. As a result, weak ties might be of use in the control of the virus spread and the private information diffusion in real-world applications.

Zhao, Jichang; Wu, Junjie; Xu, Ke

2010-07-01

479

[The role of information in public health decision-making].  

PubMed

Public health, prevention, health education and health promotion are inseparable from the concepts of information and communication. Information should respond as much as possible to the needs of professionals, decision-makers, and consumers who are more and more concerned and conscious of its importance in light of "information overload", various dissemination channels and the multiplicity of its sources. There are numerous issues at stake ranging from comprehension, to the validation of health information, health education, health promotion, prevention, decision-making, as well as issues related to knowledge and power. Irrespective of the type of choice to be made, the need for information, knowledge, and know-how is inseparable from that of other tools or regulatory measures required for decision-making. Information is the same as competence, epidemiological and population data, health data, scientific opinion, and expert conferences--all are needed to assist in decision-making. Based on the principle of precaution, information must increasingly take into account the rejection of a society which often reasons on the basis of a presumption of zero-risk, in an idealistic manner, and which also excludes the possibility of new risks. The consumer positions himself as the regulator of decisions, specifically those with regard to the notion of acceptable level of risk. All of the actors involved in the health system are or become at one moment or another public health decision-makers. Their decision might be based either on an analytical approach, or on an intuitive approach. Although the act of decision-making is the least visible part of public health policy, it is certainly the driving force. This process should integrate the perspective of all of the relevant players, including consumers, who are currently situated more and more frequently at the heart of the health system. Public health decision-making is conducted as a function of political, strategic and environmental issues; of lobbies and their power; and of social maturation. Decision-making is a necessity. Making the right choice at the right time requires high quality information, and it is often necessary to respect a certain amount of time for reflection and ripening of an issue in order to make the best possible decision. The media and consumers play an increasingly significant role in public health decision-making and in the ensuing legislative consequences and debates which come as a result. Access to information is changing, especially thanks to the Internet which is completely modifying the global scenery of knowledge and know-how. Information supports decision-making with calculated risk, and it offers the opportunity to make choices and decisions, recognising that "to choose, is sometimes to relinquish". PMID:19014090

Cecchi, Catherine

2008-01-01

480

34 CFR 303.301 - Public awareness program-information for parents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public awareness program-information for parents. 303.301 Section 303.301 Education...Public awareness program—information for parents. (a) Preparation and dissemination...physicians) the information to be given to parents of infants and toddlers,...

2013-07-01

481

34 CFR 303.301 - Public awareness program-information for parents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public awareness program-information for parents. 303.301 Section 303.301 Education...Public awareness program—information for parents. (a) Preparation and dissemination...physicians) the information to be given to parents of infants and toddlers,...

2012-07-01

482

26 CFR 301.6104(a)-5 - Withholding of certain information from public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Withholding of certain information from public inspection. 301.6104...ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records ...6104(a)-5 Withholding of certain information from public inspection. (a)...

2011-04-01

483

26 CFR 301.6104(a)-5 - Withholding of certain information from public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Withholding of certain information from public inspection. 301.6104...ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Information and Returns Returns and Records ...6104(a)-5 Withholding of certain information from public inspection. (a)...

2010-04-01

484

Astronomy and the Mass Media: Public Information and Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a continuing demand for astronomical news, basic information, and imagery on the part of the entertainment and news media. The mass media thus represent a major channel by which students, colleagues, teachers, policy makers, and others are informally educated about space science and astronomy. We summarize the ways in which the AAS and other professional societies, as well as U.S. government agencies, transmit the results of astronomical research to the media, the criteria that media "gatekeepers" use to select what information actually reaches the public, and the considerations that astronomers should keep in mind when dealing with the press.

Maran, S. P.

1996-12-01

485

Helping the public find information the U.S. Government Information Locator Service (GILS)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

As part of the National Information Infrastructure, the U.S. federal government is establishing a Government Information Locator Service (GILS). GILS will identify and describe public information resources throughout the federal government and provide assistance in obtaining the information. It will be decentralized and will supplement other agency and commercial information dissemination mechanisms. The public will use GILS directly or through intermediaries, including the Government Printing Office and the National Technical Information Service, as well as federal depository libraries, other public libraries, and private sector information services. Direct users will have access to a GILS Core accessible on the Internet without charge. Intermediate access may include kiosks, 800 numbers, electronic mail, bulletin boards, FAX, and offline media such as floppy disks, CD-ROM, and printed works. GILS will use network technology and the American National Standards Institute Z39.50 standard for information search and retrieval so that information can be retrieved in a variety of ways. Direct users may have access to many other major federal and nonfederal information resources, linkages to data systems, and electronic delivery of information products. An Office of Management and Budget Bulletin in 1994 will provide implementing guidance to agencies. The National Institute of Standards and Technology will also establish a Federal Information Processing Standard specifying a GILS Profile and its application for agencies establishing information locators. ?? 1994.

Christian, E.J.

1994-01-01

486

Public Transport Information System for Visually Impaired and Blind People  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an assistive system for the visually impaired and blind people which helps them using public transport means. The proposed system uses mobile phones as a medium for passenger information system and GPS (Global Positioning System), GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) and Bluetooth technologies for location and communication purposes. In the proposed system sound messages are given to the blind people via mobile phones which have dedicated software installed. This system has been implemented and tested in public transport in two pilot cities.

Markiewicz, Micha?; Skomorowski, Marek

487

Request to Withhold Student Directory Information and/or the Public Posting of I request that my Student Directory Information be withheld from publication or release. I  

E-print Network

Request to Withhold Student Directory Information and/or the Public Posting of Grades I request that my Student Directory Information be withheld from publication or release. I have read the Procedures that the University can release without the student's authorization. This information is called Directory Information

Oklahoma, University of

488

Understanding Informal Group Learning in Online Communities through Discourse Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since informal learning occurs outside of formal learning environments, describing informal learning and how it takes place can be a challenge for researchers. Past studies have typically oriented to informal learning as an individual, reflective process that can best be understood through the learners' retrospective accounts about their…

Ziegler, Mary F.; Paulus, Trena; Woodside, Marianne

2014-01-01

489

The Digital Health Divide: Evaluating Online Health Information Access and Use Among Older Adults  

PubMed Central

Objective Innovations in health information technology (HIT) provide opportunities to reduce health care spending, improve quality of care, and improve health outcomes for older adults. However, concerns relating to older adults’ limited access and use of HIT, including use of the Internet for health information, fuel the digital health divide debate. This study evaluated the potential digital health divide in relation to characteristic and belief differences between older adult users and nonusers of online health information sources. Methods A cross-sectional survey design was conducted using a random sample of older adults. A total of 225 older adults (age range = 50–92 years, M = 68.9 years, SD = 10.4) participated in the study. Results Seventy-six percent of all respondents had Internet access. Users and nonusers of online health information differed significantly on age (M = 66.29 vs. M = 71.13), education, and previous experience with the health care system. Users and nonusers of online health information also differed significantly on Internet and technology access, however, a large percentage of nonusers had Internet access (56.3%), desktop computers (55.9%), and laptop computers or netbooks (43.2%). Users of online health information had higher mean scores on the Computer Self-Efficacy Measure than nonusers, t(159) = ?7.29, p < .0001. Conclusion This study found significant differences between older adult users and nonusers of online health information. Findings suggest strategies for reducing this divide and implications for health education programs to promote HIT use among older adults. PMID:25156311

Hall, Amanda K.; Bernhardt, Jay M.; Dodd, Virginia; Vollrath, Morgan W.

2015-01-01

490

Intergroup information exchange drives cooperation in the public goods game  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we explore the onset of cooperative traits in the public goods game. This well-known game involves N-agent interactions and thus reproduces a large number of social scenarios in which cooperation appears to be essential. Many studies have recently addressed how the structure of the interaction patterns influences the emergence of cooperation. Here we study how information about the payoffs collected by each individual in the different groups it participates in influences the decisions made by its group partners. Our results point out that cross-information plays a fundamental and positive role in the evolution of cooperation for different versions of the public goods game and different interaction structures.

Gracia-Lázaro, C.; Gómez-Gardeńes, J.; Floría, L. M.; Moreno, Y.

2014-10-01

491

75 FR 76393 - Notice of Request for a New Information Collection (Public Health Information System)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...information collection concerning its Web-based Public Health Information...following methods: Federal eRulemaking Portal: This Web site provides the ability to type...directly into the comment field on this Web page or attach a file for...

2010-12-08

492

Public information circular for shipments of irradiated reactor fuel  

SciTech Connect

This circular provides information on shipment of spent fuel subject to regulation by US NRC. It provides a brief description of spent fuel shipment safety and safeguards requirement of general interest, a summary of data for 1979-1995 highway and railway shipments, and a listing, by State, of recent highway and railway shipment routes. The enclosed route information reflects specific NRC approvals that have been granted in response to requests for shipments of spent fuel. This publication does not constitute authority for carriers or other persons to use the routes described to ship spent fuel, other categories of nuclear waste, or other materials.

NONE

1996-07-01

493

Teaming Up with Girl Scouts for Online Nutrition Information.  

PubMed

Three librarians at LSU Health Shreveport partnered with staff members at the Shreveport service center staff of the Girl Scouts of Louisiana - Pines to the Gulf to teach girls about nutrition. The librarians provided instruction to the staff on healthelinks, MedlinePlus, and the other National Library of Medicine databases. They worked with the staff to incorporate these online resources into the nutrition curriculum for the Girl Scout leaders to use with their troops. They also provided two laptop computers, promotional items, and teaching aids. The program was repeated in the summer for week-long day camps designed to introduce girls to Scouting. The librarians had the opportunity to work directly with over one hundred girls at these camps to introduce them to authoritative, age-appropriate web sites on nutrition. PMID:24223515

Pullen, Kimberly; Tucker, Betty; Tarver, Talicia

2013-01-01

494

Teaming Up with Girl Scouts for Online Nutrition Information  

PubMed Central

Three librarians at LSU Health Shreveport partnered with staff members at the Shreveport service center staff of the Girl Scouts of Louisiana – Pines to the Gulf to teach girls about nutrition. The librarians provided instruction to the staff on healthelinks, MedlinePlus, and the other National Library of Medicine databases. They worked with the staff to incorporate these online resources into the nutrition curriculum for the Girl Scout leaders to use with their troops. They also provided two laptop computers, promotional items, and teaching aids. The program was repeated in the summer for week-long day camps designed to introduce girls to Scouting. The librarians had the opportunity to work directly with over one hundred girls at these camps to introduce them to authoritative, age-appropriate web sites on nutrition. PMID:24223515

Pullen, Kimberly; Tucker, Betty; Tarver, Talicia

2013-01-01

495

Illustrations enhance older colorectal cancer patients' website satisfaction and recall of online cancer information.  

PubMed

This study aims to investigate the effects of illustrations in online cancer information on older cancer patients' website satisfaction (i.e. satisfaction with the attractiveness, comprehensibility and emotional support from the website) and recall of information. In an online experiment, 174 younger (<65 years) and older (?65 years) colorectal cancer patients were randomly exposed to a webpage about transanal endoscopic microsurgery consisting of either text-only information, text with two cognitive illustrations or text with two affective illustrations. In general, adding cognitive illustrations compared with text-only information improved the satisfaction with the attractiveness of the website in both younger and older patients. For older patients in particular, cognitive illustrations facilitated recall of cancer information: whereas older patients recalled less information overall compared with younger patients (39% vs. 50%), no statistically significant differences in age on recall were observed when cognitive illustrations were added to text. Furthermore, older patients were more satisfied with the emotional support from the website than younger patients, especially when affective illustrations were present. Our results suggest that effective online cancer communication for ageing populations involves considering both cognitive and affective illustrations to enhance website satisfaction and recall of cancer information. PMID:25615269

Bol, N; Smets, E M A; Eddes, E H; de Haes, J C J M; Loos, E F; van Weert, J C M

2015-03-01

496

Information Technologies, Social Change and the FutureThe Case of Online Journalism in Portugal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of this article is to equate social change and new information and communication technologies (ICTs). From a multitude of theoretical entry points, the author decided to outline the key concept of time and to discuss its explanatory possibilities in a specific context: the development of online journalism in Portugal over the last decade. She takes the view

Helena Sousa

2006-01-01

497

Design Features of On-Line Anatomy Information Resources: A Comparison with the Digital Anatomist  

E-print Network

. In addition to videodisks and CD-ROMs, hundreds of anatomy web sites present Visible Human and other1 Design Features of On-Line Anatomy Information Resources: A Comparison with the Digital Anatomist for learning and teaching anatomy as medical students, and have also examined available anatomy web sites

Washington at Seattle, University of

498

Integrating Information and Communication Technologies into Higher Education: Investigating Onsite and Online Students' Points of View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past two decades, information and communication technologies (ICT) have transformed the ways professors teach and students learn. The purpose of this study is to investigate the points of view of onsite students (blended or hybrid mode) and of those taking the same courses on the Internet (online mode). A moderator-type theoretical…

Fillion, Gerard; Limayem, Moez; Laferriere, Therese; Mantha, Robert

2009-01-01

499

Understanding the Online Informal Learning of English as a Complex Dynamic System: An Emic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into the online informal learning of English has already shown it to be a widespread phenomenon involving a range of comprehension and production activities such as viewing original version television series, listening to music on demand and social networking with other English users. Dynamic systems theory provides a suitable framework…

Sockett, Geoffrey

2013-01-01

500

Information Resources on Online at the Reference Desk. A Selected ERIC Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventeen articles and reports published between 1982 and 1984 and cited in "Current Index to Journals in Education" and "Resources in Education" are listed in this bibliography on online services at the reference desk. Topics include interpersonal relations as a necessary part of the information transfer process; role of the searcher versus that…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources, Syracuse, NY.